Return to home1821 Jan 4,
The first native-born American saint, Elizabeth Ann Seton, died in
1821 Jan 21, John Breckinridge
(d.1875), 14th U.S. Vice President, was born. He served under James
Buchanan (1857-1861). Breckenridge was a Confederate General in the
Civil War. [His brother-in-law was Lloyd Tevis, founder of Wells
(WUD, 1994, p.183)(HN, 1/21/99)
1821 Feb 3, Elizabeth Blackwell
(d.1910), first woman to get an MD from a U.S. medical school, was
born in Bristol, England.
1821 Feb 11, Auguste Edouard
Mariette, French Egyptologist, (dug out Sphinx 12/16/42), was born.
1821 Feb 12, The Mercantile
Library of City of NY opened.
1821 Feb 21, Charles Scribner,
was born. He founded the New York Publishing firm which became
Charles Scribner's Sons and also founded Scribner's magazine.
1821 Feb 22, The Adams-Onis
Treaty became final, whereby Spain gave up all of Florida to the US.
The boundary between Mexico and the Louisiana Purchase was
established and the US renounced all claims to Texas.
(AH, 2/06, p.15)
1821 Feb 23, College of
Apothecaries, the 1st US pharmacy college, was organized in
1821 Feb 23, John Keats,
English poet, died of tuberculosis at the age of 26. In 1998 the
biography "Keats" by Andrew Motion was published. Earlier
biographies included one by W. Jackson Bates (1963), and a
novelistic psychological portrait by Aileen Ward (1963). The
standard work on Keats was written by Robert Gittings in 1968.
(WP, 1951, p.11)(WSJ, 1/15/98, p.A17)(SFEC,
3/29/98, BR p.6)
1821 Feb 24, Mexico rebels
proclaimed the "Plan de Iguala," their declaration of independence
from Spain, and took over the mission lands in California.
(HT, 3/97, p.61)(AP, 2/24/98)(HN, 2/24/98)
1821 Mar 5, Monroe was the
first president to be inaugurated on March 5, only because the 4th
was a Sunday.
1821 Mar 14, African Methodist
Episcopal Zion Church founded in NY.
1821 Mar 15, Josef Loschmidt
(d.1895), a pioneer of 19th-century physics and chemistry, was born
in Putschim (Pocerny), Bohemia. In his first publication (1861)
Loschmidt proposed the first structural chemical formulae for many
important molecules, introducing markings for double and triple
carbon bonds. In 1865 he became the first person to use the kinetic
theory of gases to obtain a reasonably good value for the diameter
of a molecule. What we call "Avogadro's number" is, in
German-speaking countries, called "Loschmidt's number."
1821 Mar 19, Sir Richard Burton
(d.1890), English explorer, was born.
1821 Mar 25, Greece gained
independence from Turkey (National Day). [see Mar 28]
1821 Mar 26, Franz
Grillparzer's "Das Goldene Vliess" premiered in Vienna.
1821 Mar 28, Greek Independence
Day celebrates the liberation of Southern Greece from Turkish
domination. In 1844 Thomas Gordon authored a study of the Greek
revolution. In 2001 David Brewer authored "The Greek War of
(SFC, 3/28/98, p.A15)(WSJ, 9/17/01, p.A20)
1821 Apr 4, Linus Yale,
American portrait painter and inventor of the Yale lock, was born.
(HN, 4/4/01)(MC, 4/4/02)
1821 Apr 9, Charles Baudelaire
(d.1867), French poet, was born. His works were censored and he was
considered a pathetic psychopath; he also became the most acute
critic of his age in France. He was photographed by Felix Nadar in
(V.D.-H.K.p.278)(Smith., 5/95, p.72)(HN, 4/9/01)
1821 Apr 20, Franz K. Achard
(67), German physicist, chemist, died.
1821 May 3, The Richmond
[Virginia] Light Artillery was organized.
(RC handout, 5/27/96)
1821 May 5, Napoleon Bonaparte
(b.1769), former emperor of France (1799-1815), died in exile on the
island of St. Helena. He died by slow poisoning at the hands of his
companion Charles Tristan de Montholon. Scottish pathologist Dr.
Hamilton Smith later used Napoleon’s hair to determine that arsenic
had been administered about 40 times from 1820-1821. In 2010 a lock
of Napoleon’s hair fetched 140,000 New Zealand dollars ($97,000) at
auction. In 1992 Proctor Patterson Jones authored "Napoleon, An
Intimate Account." In 1999 an English translation of Jean-Paul
Kauffmann's "The Black Room at Longwood: Napoleon's Exile on St.
Helena" was published. In 1904 F. De Bouirrienne published "Memoirs
of Napoleon Bonaparte." In 1988 S. De Chair edited "Napoleon's
Memoirs." In 2014 Andrew Roberts authored “Napoleon the Great."
(V.D.-H.K.p.232)(AP, 5/5/97)(SFEC, 1/18/98, BR
p.9)(SFEC, 8/16/98, Z1 p.8)(SFC, 4/8/99, p.C5)(AP, 8/8/97)(SFEC,
8/1/99, Par p.16)(AP, 7/01/10)(Econ, 9/20/14, p.77)
1821 May 25, Diederich Krug,
composer, was born.
1821 May 25, Klemens von
Metternich (1773-1858) became chancellor of Austria.
1821 Jun 2, Ion Bratianu (Lib),
premier of Romania (1876-88), was born.
1821 Jun 19, The Ottomans
defeated the Greeks at the Battle of Dragasani.
1821 Jun 21, African Methodist
Episcopal Zion (AMEZ) Church was organized in NYC as a national
body. [see Mar 14]
1821 Jun 24, Battle of
Carabobo: Bolivar defeated the royalists outside of Caracas.
1821 Jul 2, Charles Tupper, 6th
Canadian PM (1896), was born.
1821 Jul 6, Edmund Pettus
(d.1907), for whom the civil rights landmark Edmund Pettus Bridge
was named, was born in Alabama. He earned his fame as a Confederate
brigadier general. Pettus was a lawyer and judge and served
throughout the western theater during the Civil War. He resumed his
law practice after the war and went on to serve in the U.S. Senate.
Pettus died while in his second term in Congress. The Edmund Pettus
Bridge in Selma, Alabama, became a civil rights landmark when on
March 7, 1965, a band of civil rights marchers on their way to
Montgomery crossed the bridge, only to be attacked by state troopers
on the other side.
1821 Jul 13, Confederate
cavalry commander Nathan Bedford Forrest was born in Tennessee’s
1821 Jul 16, Mary Baker Eddy
(d.1910), founder of the Christian Science movement (1879), was
(HN, 7/16/98)(WSJ, 9/26/03, p.W17)
1821 Jul 17, Spain ceded
Florida to the United States. [see Feb 22]
1821 Jul 17, Andrew Jackson
became the governor of Florida.
1821 Jul 19, The coronation of
George IV of England was held. His wife, Caroline, was refused
admittance. She died Aug 7.
1821 Jul 28, Peru declared its
independence from Spain. Lima had been the seat of the Spanish
viceroys until this time. Jose Francisco de San Martin of Argentina
had blockaded Lima and forced the Spanish viceroy to abandon the
city. Martin returned to Argentina in 1822
(SFC, 12/20/96, p.B4)(AP, 7/28/97)(ON, 10/09,
1821 Jul, English captain John
Franklin led a party to explore the Barrens in northwest section of
Canada’s Hudson Bay. George Back, midshipman, Royal Navy, painted a
scene of the Sandstone Rapids on the Arctic Circle of Canada’s
Northwest Territories. Of the 20 men in the party to map the
northern coast of Canada west of the Hudson Bay, 11 starved and
froze to death. Back returned to England and was hailed as "the man
who ate his boots." Twenty-three years later he led a third arctic
expedition of 129 men in two ships and all perished.
(NH, 5/96, p.30)(WSJ, 2/10/95, p.A-7)
1821 Aug 4, The 1st edition of
Saturday Evening Post was published. It continued until 1969.
1821 Aug 7, Caroline of
Brunswick (b.1768), wife of England’s King George IV, died. In 2006
Jane Robins authored “The Trial of Queen Caroline: The Scandalous
Affair that Nearly Ended a Monarchy."
1821 Aug 10, Missouri became
the 24th state.
1821 Aug 19, There was a failed
liberal coup against French King Louis XVIII.
1821 Aug 23, After 11 years of
war, Spain granted Mexican independence as a constitutional
monarchy. Spanish Viceroy Juan de O'Donoju signed the Treaty of
Cordoba, which approved a plan to make Mexico an independent
(HN, 8/23/00)(MC, 8/23/02)
1821 Aug 28, In the city of
Puebla a nun served a tri-colored chili dish to the Emperor Agustin
de Iturbide, who was on his way home from signing the Treaty of
Cordoba, which effectively freed Mexico from Spain. Iturbide, a
Creole, had led the suppression of the initial rebellion for
independence. He later abdicated, went into exile, returned and was
executed. After Iturbide Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna led the country
over 11 presidential terms.
(WSJ, 9/5/96, p.B1)(WSJ, 8/13/97, p.A12)
1821 Sep 1, William Becknell
led a group of traders from Independence, Mo., toward Santa Fe on
what would become the Santa Fe Trail.
1821 Sep 10, English captain
John Franklin led a party to explore the Barrens in northwest
section of Canada’s Hudson Bay. Naturalist John Richards recorded
that they found the summer track of a man, where summer last only
(NH, 5/96, p.30)
1821 Sep 15, A junta convened
by the captain-general in Guatemala declared independence for its
provinces Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua San Salvador
(AP, 9/15/97)(EWH, 1968, p.843)
1821 Sep 27, The Mexican Empire
declared its independence. Revolutionary forces occupied Mexico City
as the Spanish withdraw.
1821 Oct 5, Greek rebels
captured Tripolitza, the main Turkish fort in the Peloponnesian area
1821 Oct 13, Rudolf Virchow,
German politician and anthropologist (cell pathology), was born.
1821 Oct 16, Albert Franz
Doppler, composer, was born.
1821 Oct 17, Alexander Gardner,
American photographer, was born. He documented the Civil War and the
1821 Nov 9, The 1st US pharmacy
college held 1st classes in Philadelphia.
1821 Nov 10, Andreas J Romberg
(54), German violinist and composer (Der Rabe), died.
1821 Nov 11, Fyodor
Mikhailovich Dostoevsky (d.1881), Russian novelist who wrote "The
Brothers Karamazov," was born. "Originality and a feeling of one’s
own dignity are achieved only through work and struggle."
(AP, 12/9/97)(HN, 11/11/98)
1821 Nov 16, Trader William
Becknell reached Santa Fe, N.M., on the route that will become known
as the Santa Fe Trail.
1821 Dec 12, Gustave Flaubert
(d.1880), French novelist, was born. "Our ignorance of history
causes us to slander our own times." [see May 8, 1880]
(V.D.-H.K.p.278)(AP, 6/19/99)(HN, 12/12/99)
1821 Dec 17, Kentucky abolished
1821 Dec 25, Clara Barton
(d.1912), the founder of the American Red Cross, was born in North
Oxford, Massachusetts. She worked as a volunteer nurse during the
Civil War, distributing food and medical supplies to troops and
earning herself the label "Angel of the Battlefield." She later
served alongside the International Red Cross in Europe--however, she
could not work directly with the organization because she was a
woman. In 1882 she formed an American branch of the Red Cross.
Barton lobbied for the Geneva Convention and she expanded the
mission of the Red Cross to include helping victims of peacetime
disasters. Clara Barton died at her home in Glen Echo, Maryland, on
April 12, 1912, when she was 90 years old.
(HNPD, 12/26/98)(WUD, 1994 p.123)
1821 Dec 28, Gioacchino Rossini
moved to Bologna.
1821 In California Esteban
Munras, engaged by Friar Juan Francisco Martin, arrived at Mission
San Miguel and supervised the interior decorations of the new
church. Munras, an artist trained by the Spanish, designed murals
for the new church.
(SB, 3/28/02)(SFC, 10/1/09, p.E6)
1821 Owen Chase, the first
mate, ghost-wrote the "Narrative of the Most Extraordinary and
Distressing Shipwreck of the White-Whale ship Essex." The story
inspired Herman Melville’s "Moby Dick." In 2000 Nathaniel Philbrick
authored "In the Heart of the Sea," a complete investigation into
the Nantucket whaler’s story and "the taboo of gastronomic incest."
(WSJ, 4/28/00, p.W6)
1821 Thomas Jefferson wrote his
(Civil., Jul-Aug., ‘95, p.62)
1821 Stefano Cavaletti, Italian
tuner and craftsman, left a note on the snaggle-toothed spinet that
he tuned for the young Verdi, free of charge due to Verdi’s talent.
(Civil., Jul-Aug., ‘95, p.90)
1821 An independent institution
for the instruction of Lutheran and reformed theologies was
established at the Univ. of Vienna.
(StuAus, April ‘95, p.18)
1821 In the US Emma Willard
started the first secondary school for girls in Troy, N.Y.
(SFEC, 11/3/96, Z1,p.2)
1821 John Quincy Adams, Sec. of
State, wrote: "America does not go abroad in search of monsters to
destroy. She is the well-wisher to the freedom and independence of
all. She is the champion only of her own."
(WSJ, 6/25/97, p.A20)
1821 Tucson raised the Mexican
flag after the Revolution in Mexico.
(AWAM, Dec. 94, p.31)
1821 In the US south Denmark
Vessey mounted a slave rebellion.
(SFC, 6/24/96, p.A19)
1821 John (Cameron) Gilroy of
Scotland married Maria Clara Ortega, the 13-year-old granddaughter
of Jose Francis Ortega, a member of the "Sacred Expedition" of 1769.
They lived in San Ysidro. The town of Gilroy, Ca., is named after
(SFC, 11/29/97, p.A18)
1821 Ignaz Venetz-Sitten, Swiss
civil engineer, recognized the continent covering scale of the
1821 Thomas Johann Seebeck
(1770-1831), Estonia-born German physicist, discovered that applying
a temperature difference across two adjoined metals would give rise
to a small voltage. This came to be called the Seebeck effect.
(Econ, 9/6/08, TQ p.6)
1821 The 1st alphabet for
Hawaiians was prepared by Christians missionaries. The letters of
the alphabet were a,e,h,i,k,l,m,n,o,p,u,w.
(SSFC, 4/4/04, Par p.17)(Internet)
1821 Amherst College was
founded in Amherst, Mass.
1821 The Boston English High
School, the first US public high school, held its opening classes.
1821 One hunter in 12 months
shot 18,000 migrating golden plover for the dinner table.
(SFEC, 11/3/96, Z1,p.2)
1821 William Playfair, Scottish
engineer, political economist and scoundrel, published a visual
chart that displayed the “weekly wages of a good mechanic" along
with the price of a “quarter of wheat" with the reigns of monarchs
displayed along the top.
(Econ, 12/22/07, p.74)
1821 Anita Ribeiro (d.1849),
later wife of Italian revolutionary Garibaldi, was born in Laguna
(ON, 10/06, p.5)
1821 Guatemala established
(NG, 6/1988, p.781)
1821 Mexican rule began over
the New Mexico territory.
(SSFC, 5/22/05, p.E12)
1821 Mexico outlawed slavery.
(Econ, 1/25/14, p.69)
1821 Ignatz Venetz, Swiss civil
engineer, presented a paper titled “Temperature Variation in the
Swiss Alps" to the Helvetic Society of Natural Sciences, in which he
described retreating ice glaciers and acknowledged Jean-Pierre
Perraudin, a hunter and mountain guide, as the originator of the
idea that a glacier had once occupied the full length of the Val de
Bagnes. In 1833 Jean de Charpentier (1786-1855), a German-Swiss
geologist, arranged to have the paper published.
1821-1823 In Iceland the Eyjafjallajokull volcano
erupted over this period.
(Econ, 4/24/10, p.62)
1821-1844 Haiti occupied the Dominican Rep. during
(Econ, 5/31/14, p.30)
1821-1846 Mexico ruled over California with a
series of 12 governors. During part of this time Gen’l. Jose Castro
commanded all of the Spanish forces in California and was an active
opponent of US rule in 1846.
(SFEC, 9/21/97, p.C7)
1821-1858 Elisa Rachel Felix, French actress, died
of tuberculosis. She introduced a new voicing into French theater in
part due to her physical condition.
(WP, 1951, p.21-22)
1821-1881 Henri Frederic Amiel, Swiss
critic: "The man who has no inner life is the slave of his
1821-1894 Hermann Helmholtz, German physician
turned physicist, a leader in energetics who helped establish the
principle of the conservation of energy along with Kelvin.
(TNG, Klein, p.88)
1821-1924 Thirty-three million people arrive into
the US in this period.
(NOHY, Weiner, 3/90, p.52)
1822 Jan 2, Rudolph J.E.
Clausius (d.1888), German physicist (thermodynamics), was born.
1822 Jan 6, Heinrich Schliemann
(d.1890), German businessman and amateur archeologist, was born. He
began excavating Troy in 1870 following a visit to Hissarlik in
1822 Feb 4, Free American
Blacks settled Liberia, West Africa. The first group of colonists
landed in Liberia and founded Monrovia, the colony's capital city,
named in honor of President James Monroe.
(HNPD, 7/26/98)(MC, 2/4/02)
1822 Feb 9, The American Indian
1822 Feb 16, Francis Galton
(d.1911), English scientist, was born. He was one of the first
moderns to present a carefully considered eugenics program.
(NH, 6/97, p.18)(SFC, 8/28/97,
1822 Feb 22, Adolf Kuszmaul,
German physician (stomach pump, Kuszmaul disease), was born.
1822 Feb 23, Boston was granted
a charter to incorporate as a city.
1822 Mar 9, The first patent
for false teeth was requested by C. Graham of NY. [see Jun 9, 1882]
(HN, 3/9/98)(MC, 3/9/02)
1822 Mar 16, John Pope, Union
general in the American Civil War, was born.
1822 Mar 16, Rosa Bonheur,
French painter and sculptor, was born.
1822 Mar 19, Boston was
incorporated as a city.
1822 Mar 22, Gioacchino Rossini
married Isabella Colbran in Bologna.
1822 Mar 30, Congress combined
East and West Florida into the Florida Territory.
(AP, 3/30/97)(MC, 3/30/02)
1822 Apr 3, Edward Everett
Hale, American clergyman and author (Man without a Country) , was
1822 Apr 26, Frederick
Olmstead, landscape architect, was born in Connecticut. His work
included Yosemite Nat’l. Park, Central Park in New York City (1858),
and other city parks in Boston, Ma., Hartford, Ct., and Louisville,
(440 Int’l. Internet, 4/26/97, p.5)(SFC, 4/5/04,
1822 Apr 27, Ulysses S. Grant
(d.1885), general and 18th U.S. president (1869-1877), was born in
Point Pleasant [Hiram], Ohio.
(AP, 4/27/97)(HN, 4/27/02)
1822 May 24, At Battle of
Pichincha (Ecuador) General Sucre (1795-1830) won a decisive victory
against Spanish forces. Shortly after the battle, Sucre and Bolivar
entered the newly-liberated Quito and Sucre was named President of
the Province of Quito, which formed Gran Colombia with Venezuela and
1822 May 26, Edmond de
Goncourt, writer, was born.
1822 May, Dr. Gideon Mantell
published his book “The Fossils of South Downs," based on his
studies of huge teeth and bones found at the Tilgate Forest quarry.
(ON, 7/06, p.1)
1822 Jun 6, Alexis St. Martin,
a fur trader at Fort Mackinac in the Michigan territory, was
accidentally shot in the abdomen. William Beaumont, a US Army
assistant surgeon, treated the wound and St. Martin survived. The
stomach wound did not close and Beaumont undertook experiments in
1825 to study the digestive system.
(ON, 1/02, p.6)
1822 Jun 9, Charles Graham
patented false teeth. [see Mar 9, 1822]
1822 Jun 16, Denmark Vessey
[Vesey] led a slave rebellion in South Carolina. [see Jul 2]
1822 Jun 18, Slave revolt
leaders Denmark Vesey [Vessey] and Peter Poyas were arrested in SC.
1822 Jun 14, Charles Babbage
(1792-1871), a young Cambridge mathematician, announced the
invention of a machine capable of performing simple arithmetic
calculations in a paper to the Astronomical Society. His 1st
Difference Engine could perform up to 60 error-free calculation in 5
minutes. Babbage and engineer John Clement completed the calculator
portion of a new engine in 1832, but the project lost funding and
(I&I, Penzias, p.94)(ON, 5/05, p.5)
1822 Jun 25, Ernst Theodor
Amadeus (ETA) Hoffmann (46), German writer, judge, composer, died.
1822 Jul 2, Denmark Vesey
[Vessey] (b.1767) was executed in Charleston, South Carolina, for
planning a massive slave revolt.
1822 Jul 8, Percy Bysshe
Shelley (b.1792), English poet, drowned while sailing in Italy at
1822 Jul 22, Gregor Johann
Mendel (d.1884), Austrian botanist who developed the theory of
heredity, was born.
(HN, 7/22/98)(NH, 6/01, p.30)
1822 Jul 25, Gen. Agustin de
Iturbide was crowned Agustin I, 1st emperor of Mexico.
1822 Jul 26, Simon Bolivar and
Jose de San Martin held a secret meeting.
1822 Aug 25, F. William
Herschel (85), German astronomer (discovered Uranus), died.
1822 Aug 31, Fitz John Porter
(d.1901), Major General (Union volunteers), was born.
1822 Sep 6, John Constable,
English painter, painted his “Cloud Study, 6 September 1822." He
painted some 100 studies of the sky between 1821-1822.
(MC, 3/31/02)(WSJ, 6/9/04, p.D8)
1822 Sep 7, Brazil declared its
independence from Portugal.
1822 Sep 9, Napoleon J K P
Bonaparte, French prince and member National Convention, was born.
1822 Oct 4, Rutherford B.
Hayes, the 19th president (R) of the United States, was born in
Delaware, Ohio. Hayes was a major-general in the Civil War, then an
Ohio congressman, then succeeded Grant as president (1877-81). Hayes
won the Electoral College by a margin of one vote after his opponent
won the popular vote in an election so fraught with charges of vote
fraud that there were even fears of a coup. Hayes refused to
seek a second term.
(AP, 10/4/97)(HN, 10/4/98)(MC, 10/3/01)
1822 Oct 8, The Galunggung
volcano on Java sent boiling sludge into valley. The eruption left
4,011 dead. The long-inactive volcano erupted Apr 4 and blew its top
on Apr 12. The Oct 8 and Oct 12 eruptions left 4,011 dead.
1822 Oct 9, George Sykes
(d.1880), Major General (Union volunteers), was born.
1822 Oct 13, Antonio Canova
(b.1757), Italian sculptor, died at age 64. His work included a
sculpture of Napoleon’s sister Pauline, as a semi-naked Venus
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antonio_Canova)(Econ, 11/10/07, p.105)
1822 Oct 15, Alfred Meissner,
Austrian physician and writer, was born.
1822 Oct 20, The 1st edition of
the London Sunday Times was published.
1822 Nov 2, The USRC Louisiana
along with USS Peacock and the Royal Navy schooner HMS Speedwell
captured five pirate vessels off Havana, Cuba.
1822 Dec 1, Franz Liszt (11)
made his debut as a pianist for Isabella Colbran.
1822 Dec 4, Frances Crabbe,
English feminist and founder of the Anti-Vivisection Society, was
1822 Dec 6, John Eberhard was
born. He built the 1st large-scale pencil factory in US.
1822 Dec 12, Mexico was
officially recognized as an independent nation by US.
1822 Dec 14, John Christie,
English patron of music, was born. He founded the Glyndebourne
1822 Dec 14, The Congress of
Verona ended, ignoring the Greek war of independence.
1822 Dec 26, Dion Boucicault,
Irish-US actor and playwright (Rip van Winkle), was born.
1822 Dec 27, Louis Pasteur
(d.1895), French chemist and microbiologist, was born in Dole,
France. One of his several monumental contributions to science and
industry was pasteurization, the process of heating wine, beer and
milk to kill microorganisms that cause fermentation and disease.
Pasteur also developed important vaccines and his work on molecular
asymmetry led to the science of stereochemistry. He was the first to
vaccinate animals for anthrax and chicken cholera, and in 1885 he
proved that his rabies vaccine could be used successfully on humans
when he saved the life of a 9-year-old boy who had been bitten by a
rabid dog. The Pasteur Institute was formed in Paris in 1888 for
research on rabies. Pasteur ran the institute until his death in
(WUD, 1994, p.1055)(AP, 12/27/97)(HNPD, 12/27/98)
1822 Dec 28, William Booth
Taliaferro (d.1898), Brig Gen (Confederate Army), was born.
1822 Charles Willson Peale
painted his "Self Portrait."
(SFC, 1/25/97, p.E1)
1822 Pierre-Paul Prud’hon
(1758-1823) painted "A Grief-Stricken Family." It was painted
shortly after his student and mistress, Constance Mayer, slit her
(WSJ, 4/8/98, p.A20)
1822 Utagawa Kunisada, Japanese
artist, painted "The Popular Type."
(WSJ, 4/24/96, A-12)
1822 William West painted a
portrait of the poet Lord Byron.
(SFC, 6/9/97, p.D3)
1822 J.F. Champollion published
his work on deciphering the Rosetta Stone.
1822 Thomas De Quincey wrote
his "Confessions of an English Opium Eater." He used the word
tranquilizer to describe the effect of the drug.
(SFEC, 11/24/96, Z 1 p.2)
1822 The Queen of the Angels
Roman Catholic Church in Los Angeles was built.
1822 Twenty years after the war
of 1812 the US government finished paying off the national debt
(WSJ, 3/12/97, p.A18)
1822 The Superintendent of
Mails in Washington, D.C., complained about the need to hire 16
extra mailmen because of the volume of Christmas cards and holiday
mail. The tradition of Christmas cards had become so popular it
became a burden for the United States Postal System, which
petitioned Congress to limit the exchange of cards by post. But the
cards kept coming and the postal burden worsened.
1822 California became part of
(SFEC, 9/20/98, Z1 p.4)
1822 Monterey had begun the
century as the Spanish capital of Alta California but in this year
became the Mexican capital of Alta California.
(SFEC, 11/3/96, DB p.71)
1822 Christian Buschmann (17),
organ and clavier tuner, constructed the first primitive accordion.
It wasn’t until the 1840s that the "magdaburgerspelen" came into
fashion, the instrument generally believed to be the forerunner to
the durspel of our time.
1822 Mary Mantell, a fossil
collector in Sussex, England, discovered a handful of teeth that her
husband, Dr. Gideon Mantell, recognized as similar to those of the
iguana lizard of South America. This was recorded as one of the
first dinosaurs to be discovered.
1822 The parasitic plant
Rafflesia was discovered in the lowland forests of Southeast Asia.
It steals nutrition from other plants and periodically creates a
monstrous, red-brown flower with the perfume of rotten flesh.
(SFC, 1/19/04, p.A4)
1822 Albanian leader Ali Pasha
of Tepelena was assassinated by Ottoman agents for promoting
(www, Albania, 1998)
1822 London’s St. Matthew’s
Church was built to commemorate the victory at Waterloo.
(Econ, 12/22/12, p.100)
1822 In London a bronze
Achilles cast from cannons from the Napoleonic wars was unveiled at
the residence of the Duke of Wellington. A strategic fig leaf was
(SFEM, 3/21/99, p.24)