Return to home1885 Jan 2,
Gen. Wolseley received the last distress signal of Gen. Gordon in
1885 Jan 3, Anna Pavlova
Russia’s premier ballerina, was born.
(440 Int'l. 1/3/99)
1885 Jan 4, Dr. William W.
Grant of Davenport, Iowa, performed what is believed to have been
the first appendectomy; the patient was 22-year-old Mary Gartside.
1885 Jan 15, Wilson Bentley
(1865-1931) of Jericho, Vermont, made the world’s 1st clear
photographs of snow crystals.
(ON, 11/04, p.4)
1885 Jan 26, In Sudan General
"Chinese" Gordon (Charles George Gordon, 51), British gov-gen of
Sudan, was killed on the palace steps in the garrison at Khartoum by
the forces of Muhammad Ahmed, El Mahdi. In 1961 "General Gordon’s
Khartoum Journal," edited by Lord Elton, was published.
(WSJ, 8/25/98, p.A14)(HN, 1/26/99)(MC,
1/26/02)(ON, 4/02, p.10)
1885 Jan 27, Jerome Kern,
Broadway composer (Showboat, Roberta), was born in NYC.
1885 Jan 28, Gen’l. Garnet
Wolseley arrived at Khartoum to relieve Gen’l. Gordon, but arrived 2
days late. El Mahdi died soon thereafter but was succeeded by the
(WSJ, 8/25/98, p.A14)
1885 Jan 29, Leadbelly
(d.1949), [Huddie William Ledbetter], blues singer, was born on the
Jeter Plantation near Mooringsport, Louisiana.
1885 Jan 30, John Henry Towers,
naval and aviation hero, was born.
1885 Jan, Grover Cleveland
entered the White House as a bachelor.
(SFEC, 8/18/96, PM p. 2)
1885 Feb 7, Sinclair Lewis
(d.1951), American novelist of satire and realism, was born in Sauk
Centre, Minnesota. His books include "Arrowsmith" and "Elmer
Gantry." "There are two insults which no human will endure: the
assertion that he hasn’t a sense of humor, and the doubly
impertinent assertion that he has never known trouble." "Winter is
not a season, it's an occupation."
(AP, 6/26/98)(AP, 12/22/99)(HNQ, 5/18/98)(HN,
1885 Feb 9, Alban Maria
Johannes Berg, composer, was born in Vienna, Austria.
1885 Feb 9, The 1st Japanese
arrived in Hawaii.
1885 Feb 13, Elizabeth Virginia
"Bess" Truman, 1st lady (1945-52), was born.
1885 Feb 15, Leopold Damrosch
(52), composer, died.
1885 Feb 18, Mark Twain's
Adventures of Huckleberry Finn was published and became one of the
writer's most famous works. Samuel Clemens, born in 1835, first used
the pseudonym of Mark Twain when he wrote a humorous travel account
in 1863. Books such as Huckleberry Finn and The Adventures of Tom
Sawyer made Mark Twain a popular American author because people
could relate to his stories of boyhood adventures colored with
social commentary. As a satirical, critical voice of the United
States, Twain continued to write and lecture across the country and
the world. Mark Twain died in 1910.
(AP, 2/18/98)(HNPD, 2/18/99)
1885 Feb 21, The Washington
Monument was dedicated.
(HN, 2/21/98)(AP, 2/21/98)
1885 Feb 23, John Lee survived
three attempts to hang him in Exeter Prison, as the trap failed to
1885 Feb 24, Chester Nimitz,
was born. He was the U.S. admiral who commanded naval forces in the
Pacific during WWII.
1885 Feb 25, US Congress
condemned barbed wire around government grounds.
1885 Feb 25, Princess Alice of
Battenberg, later Princess Andrew of Greece and Denmark (d.1969),
was born at Windsor Castle.
1885 Feb 26, The Congress of
Berlin gave Congo to Belgium and Nigeria to England.
1885 Mar 3, The United States
Congress passed the Major Crimes Act (18 U.S.C. 1153). It placed
seven major crimes under federal jurisdiction if they are committed
by a Native American in Native territory regardless of whether the
victim of the crime was Native.
1885 Mar 3, The U.S. Post
Office began offering special delivery for first-class mail.
1885 Mar 3, California became
the 1st US state to establish a permanent forest commission.
1885 Mar 3, American Telephone
and Telegraph (AT&T) incorporated as a subsidiary of Bell
Telephone to build and operate a long distance network.
(SC, 3/3/02)(SFC, 7/23/04, p.C1)
1885 Mar 4, Grover Cleveland
was inaugurated as 1st Democratic President since Civil War.
1885 Mar 6, Ring Lardner
(d.1933), American humorist and writer, was born. His books
included You Know Me Al (1916). "The family you come from
isn't as important as the family you're going to have."
(AP, 5/14/99)(HN, 3/6/01)(WSJ, 12/2/06, p.P8)
1885 Mar 11, Sir Michael
Campbell, the first motorist to exceed 300 mph, was born.
1885 Mar 14, Gilbert &
Sullivan's opera "Mikado," premiered in London.
(WSJ, 11/22/00, p.A20)(MC, 3/14/02)
1885 Mar 20, Yiddish theater
opened in NY with Goldfaden operetta.
1885 Mar 20, John Matzeliger of
Suriname patented a shoe lacing machine.
1885 Mar 21, Raoul Lufbery,
French-born American fighter pilot of World War I, was born.
1885 Mar 26, The Eastman Film
Co. of Rochester, N.Y., manufactured the first commercial motion
picture film. George Eastman had perfected a method for bonding
photographic emulsion onto thin strips of celluloid.
(AP, 3/25/98)(HN, 3/25/98)(ON, 11/03, p.5)
1885 Mar 26, Louis Riel's
forces defeated Canadian forces at Duck Lake, Saskatchewan.
(SS, 3/26/02)(ON, 11/07, p.12)
1885 Mar 28, The Salvation Army
was officially organized in the U.S.
1885 Mar 30, Texas was the last
Confederate state readmitted to the Union.
1885 Mar 30, In Afghanistan,
Russian troops inflicted a crushing defeat on Afghan forces Ak Teppe
despite orders not to fight.
1885 Mar 31, Madame Blavatsky
was hoisted in an invalid chair onto a steamer in the Madras harbor
of India and departed for London. In England she wrote "The Secret
Doctrine" and had as guests to her salon William Butler Yeats, Annie
Besant and the young Mohandas K. Gandhi.
(Smith., 5/95, p.127)
1885 Mar 31, Franz Wilhelm Abt
(65), German composer, choir conductor, died.
1885 Mar, In Loganville, Pa.,
Dr. George E. Holtzapple (22) saved Fred Gable (16), who was
suffering from pneumonia, by supplying the boy with pure oxygen.
Oxygen therapy became the only effective treatment for pneumonia
until antibiotics became available in the 1940s.
(ON, 4/07, p.10)
1885 Apr 3, Harry St. John
Philby, [sheik Abdullah], British explorer, was born.
1885 Apr 16, Leo Weiner,
composer (Fasching), was born in Hungary.
1885 Apr 17, Karen
Blixen-Finecke (Isak Dinesen, d.1962), Danish writer (Out of
Africa), was born. "God made the world round so we would never be
able to see too far down the road."
(AP, 9/15/00)(HN, 4/17/01)(MC, 4/17/02)
1885 Apr 18, The Sino-Japanese
1885 Apr 24, Metis rebels won a
major victory over Canadian troops at Fish Creek, Saskatchewan. The
troops had been shipped to the region by way of the new Canadian
(Reuters, 11/22/02)(ON, 11/07,
1885 Apr 30, Boston Pops
1885 May 2, "Good Housekeeping"
magazine was 1st published.
1885 May 2, The Congo Free
State was established by King Leopold II of Belgium.
1885 May 9, In the Battle of
Batoche, Saskatchewan, Metis rebels ran out of ammunition and
resorted to firing pebbles from their guns, until they were forced
1885 May 11, "King" Joseph
Oliver, jazz cornetist and bandleader, was born.
1885 May 14, Otto Klemperer,
conductor, composer, was born in Breslau, Germany.
1885 May 15, Mormons began an
exodus from the United States into Mexico. Chihuahua Governor Ochoa
had agreed to sell land to the Mormons to colonize. Church President
John Taylor had explored the area and church officials selected
Casas Grandes, a valley in the state of Chihuahua, as the place to
1885 May 18, Eurico Gaspar
Dutra, President of Brazil (1945-50), was born.
1885 May 19, First mass
production of shoes (Jan Matzeliger in Lynn, Massachusetts).
1885 May 19, “Professor" Robert
Emmet Odlum of Washington, D.C., a well named swimming instructor
and author of pamphlets on diving, jumped from Brooklyn bridge. He
entered the water feet first (as was the accepted diving position at
the time) and shattered every bone in his frame from heel to skull.
He was pulled from the river unconscious and died a half hour later.
1885 May 19, German chancellor
Bismarck took possession of Cameroon & Togoland.
1885 May 22, Victor-Marie Hugo
(b.1802), French novelist (Les Miserables) and poet, died. In 1998
Graham Robb published the biography: "Victor Hugo." Hugo also did a
number of drawings, later appreciated by Andre Breton and Max Ernst,
and in 1914 Henri Focillon published the first critical study of
them. In 1998 Pierre Georgel and Marie-Laure Prevost published
"Shadows of a Hand: The Drawings of Victor Hugo."
(WSJ, 2/10/98, p.A16)(HN, 2/26/98)(SFEC, 5/31/98,
BR p.4)(MC, 5/22/02)
1885 May 26, Al Jolson
(d.1950), American jazz singer and silent film actor, was born in
Seredzius, Lithuania as Asa Yoelson. His father Morris was a rabbi
and a cantor and so Asa started singing early, alongside his elder
brother Harry and two elder sisters. In 1894 the family set off for
America in search of a new life.
1885 May 29, Erwin F.
Finlay-Freundlich, British astronomer, was born.
1885 May 29, Alfred von
Meissner (63), Austrian physician, writer (Ziska), died.
1885 May, Henri Rousseau
(1844-1910), a self-taught artist, exhibited two of his paintings at
the Salon of French Art in Paris without bothering to obtain
permission. One painting was cut with a knife and authorities
removed them as soon as they were noticed. That same month he
exhibited his work at the Salon of the Independents.
(ON, 8/08, p.8)
1885 May, Richard Schmitt
bought his brewery in Singen, Germany. [see 1875, Schmitt]
(Hem., Nov.’95, p.114)
1885 Jun 6, Leo Delibes' opera
"Lakme" was produced in Paris.
1885 Jun 14, The 1st photo
finish horse race was recorded by Luis-Jean Delton as Paradox beat
Reluisant at the Grand Prix de Paris.
(SFC, 4/28/03, D1)
1885 Jun 17, The French naval
ship Isere arrived in NYC with a cargo of wooden crates containing
the pieces of the Statue of Liberty.
(AP, 6/17/97)(ON, 4/03, p.3)
1885 Jun 22, In Sudan Muhammad
Ahmad (b.1844), religious leader of the Samaniyya order, died of
typhus. His chief deputy, Abdallahi ibn Muhammad took over the
administration of the nascent Mahdist state.
1886 Jun 24, Ngazidja (Grande
Comore) became a French protectorate.
1885 Jun 26, Andre Maurois
(d.1967), French writer (Balzac), was born as Émile Herzog. "Growing
old is no more than a bad habit which a busy man has no time to
(AP, 7/6/00)(MC, 6/26/02)
1885 Jul 2, Canada's North-West
Insurrection ended with the surrender of Big Bear.
1885 Jul 6, French scientist
Louis Pasteur (1822-1895) successfully tested an anti-rabies vaccine
on a boy bitten by an infected dog. Thanks to his vaccine the death
rate from rabies dropped to almost zero by 1888.
(AP, 7/6/97)(ON, 6/08, p.6)
1885 Jul 23, Ulysses S. Grant
(b.1822), commander of the Union forces at the end of the Civil War
and the 18th president of the United States, died in Mount McGregor,
NY, at age 63. He had just completed the final revisions to his
memoirs, which were published as a 2 volume set by Mark Twain. In
1928 W.E. Woodward authored "Meet General Grant," and in 1981
William S. McFreeley authored "Grant: A Biography." His tomb was
placed in the largest mausoleum in the US on a bluff over the Hudson
River. In 1998 Geoffrey Perret published the biography "Ulysses S.
Grant: Soldier and President." In 2004 Mark Perry authored “Grant
and Twain." In 2006 Edward G. Longacre authored “General Ulysses S.
Grant: The Soldier and Man." In 2011 Charles Bracelen Flood authored
“Grant’s Final Victory: Ulysses S. Grant’s Heroic Last Year."
(SFC, 4/14/97, p.A7)(SFEC, 4/19/98, Par p.20)(AP,
7/23/98)(ON, p.11)(ON, 12/00, p.7)(WSJ, 5/14/04, p.W10)(WSJ, 8/5/06,
p.P9)(SSFC, 12/4/11, p.F5)
1885 Jul 28, Moses Montefiore
(b.1784), Italy-born British financier, banker, philanthropist and
Sheriff of London (1837-1838) died. Abigail Green authored Moses
Montefiore: Jewish Liberator, Imperial Hero."
1885 Aug 9, Pietro Frosini
(d.1951), renowned as much for his compositions as for his accordion
playing, was born Pietro Giuffrida to a farming family on in the
Mascalucia province of Catania, Sicily.
1885 Aug 10, Leo Daft opened
America's first commercially operated electric streetcar, in
1885 Aug 11, Joseph Pulitzer’s
NY World announced that $100,000 was raised in US for a pedestal for
the Statue of Liberty.
(ON, 4/03, p.3)
1885 Aug 15, Samuel
Coleridge-Taylor, composer (Hiawatha's Wedding Feast), was born in
1885 Aug 29, Gottlieb Daimler
received a German patent for a motorcycle.
1885 Aug 30, Some 13,000
meteors were seen in 1 hour near Andromeda.
1885 Aug 31, Duboise Heyward,
novelist, poet and dramatist best know for "Porgy" which was the
basis for the opera "Porgy and Bess," was born.
1885 Sep 2, In Rock Springs,
Wyoming Territory, 28 Chinese laborers were killed and hundreds more
chased out of town by striking coal miners.
1885 Sep 4, The 1st cafeteria
1885 Sep 5, The 1st gasoline
pump was delivered to a gasoline dealer in Ft. Wayne, Ind.
1885 Sep 10, Carl Clinton Van
Doren, historian and critic who won a Pulitzer Prize for his
biography on Benjamin Franklin, was born. His work included "9th
(HN, 9/10/98)(MC, 9/10/01)
1885 Sep 11, D.H. Laurence,
English novelist, author of "Lady Chatterley’s Lover" and "Sons and
Lovers," was born.
1885 Sep 14, Vittorio Gui
(d.1975), Italian conductor and composer (Batture d'aspetto), was
born in Rome.
1885 Sep 15, Jumbo (b.~1860), a
circus elephant, was killed in Ontario, Canada, after being struck
by a goods train while being loaded into a circus carriage. In 2014
John Sutherland authored “Jumbo: The Unauthorized Biography of a
(Econ, 2/8/14, p.81)
1885 Sep 15, Juliusz Zarebski,
Polish composer, died at 31.
1885 Sep 16, Karen Horney,
psychoanalyst who exposed the male bias in the Freudian analysis of
women, was born.
1885 Sep 18, A coup d’etat in
Eastern Rumelia led directly to a war between Serbia and Bulgaria.
The Balkan peace settlement established by the 1878 Treaty of Berlin
was undone when a coup d’etat in the disputed province of Eastern
Rumelia resulted in Eastern Rumelia (separated from Bulgaria in
1878) announcing its re-unification with Bulgaria. Serbian prince
Milan responded by demanding Bulgaria cede some of its territory to
Serbia. An international conference convened and became deadlocked
in November and Serbia declared war.
1885 Sep 20, Ferdinand
Lamenthe, aka Jelly Roll Morton (d,1941), jazz pianist, composer and
singer, was born in New Orleans. He was one of the first to
orchestrate jazz music and disputed W.C. Handy's claim to be the
originator of jazz and blues. He became famous at an early age for
his classically informed improvisational piano playing often in
brothels and other non-traditional settings. With his Red Hot
Peppers in the 1920s, he pioneered the early jazz practice of
reorchestrating and improvising upon well-known standards. He also
wrote many enduring jazz tunes including the ‘London Rag’ and the
‘Jelly Roll Blues’.
(HN, 9/20/98)(MC, 9/20/01)
1885 Sep 22, Erich Von
Stroheim, director, actor and screenwriter best known for "Greed,"
1885 Oct 1, Special delivery
mail service began in the United States.
1885 Oct 7, Nils Bohr, Danish
physicist who won the 1992 Nobel Prize for physics and later worked
on the first atom bomb, was born.
(HN, 10/7/98)(MC, 10/7/01)
1885 Oct 10, Mary Newton (12),
the daughter of US Army Engineer under Lt. Col. John Newton
(1823-1895) triggered a 2nd huge blast to clear Flood Rock in the
Hell Gate channel of the East River. Mill Rock Island was formed by
joining two rocks with debris from the demolition. The Flood Rock
detonation held the record as the largest deliberately planned
explosion until the Trinity atomic blast in 1945.
(ON, 2/08, p.10)
1885 Oct 11, Francois Mauriac,
Nobel Prize-winning novelist (1952), was born.
1885 Oct 22, Giovanni
Martinelli, opera tenor (NY Met), was born in Montagnana, Italy.
1885 Oct 22, John Ward and
several team-mates secretly formed the Brotherhood of Professional
Base Ball Players, the 1st baseball union.
1885 Oct 24, Johann Strauss'
operetta, "The Gypsy Baron," premiered in Vienna.
1885 Oct 25, Johannes Brahms'
4th Symphony in E, premiered.
1885 Oct 29, George B.
McClellan (58), Union army general and governor of New Jersey
1885 Oct 30, Ezra Pound
(d.1972), poet and critic, was born in Hailey, Idaho. He wrote "The
Cantos." Pound met William Carlos Williams at the Univ. of
Pennsylvania in 1907 and they remained friends and wrote many
letters. "Pound-Williams: Selected Correspondence" was ed. by Hugh
Witemeyer in 1996. Ezra Pound spent 3 winters with W.B. Yeats
(1913-1916) as the poets artistic prod and secretary. During World
War II, Pound was arrested for broadcasting fascist propaganda to
the United States from Rome. He stood trial for this crime and was
judged to be insane. He was incarcerated at St. Elizabeth's Hospital
in Washington from 1946 until his release in 1958. "Literature is
news that stays news."
(SFC, 6/3/96, BR p.6)(AP, 8/25/98)(HN,
10/30/98)(SFEC, 6/18/00, BR p.10)(MC, 10/30/01)
1885 Nov 1, In San Francisco
Cecelia Bowers (29), the wife of Dr. J. Milton Bowers (45), died
following a two-month-long illness. An autopsy revealed that she had
died of phosphorous poisoning. Dr. Bowers was later found guilty of
first-degree murder and sentenced to hang. In 1887 the body of Henry
Benhayon, the brother of Cecilia, was found murdered at a boarding
house at 22 Geary St. He left three letters confessing to the murder
of his sister. Thomas Dimmig (33), the husband of a staunch
supporter of Dr. Bowers was charged with killing Benhayon. Dimmig
was later acquitted and the case against Dr. Bowers (d.1904) was
(SFC, 1/24/15, p.C1)
1885 Nov 2, Harlow Shapley,
astronomer, was born. He discovered the Sun is not at the center of
1885 Nov 3, Tacoma, Wa.,
vigilantes drove out Chinese residents and burned their homes and
1885 Nov 5, Will Durant
(d.1981), historian and author, was born. "I think America is richer
in intelligence than any other country in the world; and that its
intelligence is more scattered than in any country of the world."
(AP, 4/17/99)(HN, 11/5/00)
1885 Nov 7, The Canadian
Pacific Railway completed its transcontinental rail line with the
last spike driven at the Rocky Mountain town of Craigellachie.
(SFEM, 10/10/99, p.46)(ON, 11/07, p.12)
1885 Nov 10, Paul Daimler, son
of Gottlieb Daimler, became the first motorcyclist when he rode his
father's new invention on a round trip of six miles.
1885 Nov 11, George Patton,
U.S. Army commander in World War II, was born.
1885 Nov 16, Canadian rebel
Louis Riel was executed for high treason after he led another
uprising that was crushed by a powerful militia.
(AP, 11/1697)(SFC, 1/22/98, p.B2)
1885 Nov 17, The Serbian Army,
with Russian support, invaded Bulgaria.
1885 Nov 19, Bulgarians, led by
Stefan Stambolov, repulsed a larger Serbian invasion force at
1885 Nov 26, The 1st photograph
of a meteor was made.
1885 Nov 26, Bulgaria moved
1885 Nov 30, Albrecht (von)
Kesselring, German field marshal, was born.
1885 Nov 30, Jules Massenet's
opera "Le Cid" had its premier in Paris. It included text from the
playwright Corneille's "Le Cid."
(WSJ, 11/18/99, p.A24)(MC, 11/30/01)
1885 Dec 2, Nikos Kazantzakis
(d.1957), Greek writer and lawyer, was born. His work included
"Zorba the Greek." [see Feb 18, 1887]
1885 Dec 2, George Richards
Minot (d.1950), physician (Nobel-1934), was born.
(WUD, 1994 p.913)(Internet)
1885 Dec 2, Karl Goldmark's
opera "Queen of Sheba," premiered in Vienna.
1885 Dec 22, Ito Hirobumi began
serving as the first prime minister of Japan. He also served as the
5th (1892-96), 7th (1898) and 10th (1900-1901) PM of Japan.
1885 Dec 29, Gottlieb Daimler
patented the 1st bike in Germany.
1885 Frederic Leighton
(1830-1896), English painter and sculptor, created his sculpture
1885 Cezanne painted his
watercolor of "Madame Cezanne with hydrangeas." His painting “the
Bather" (Le Grand Baigneur) was also done about this time.
(WSJ, 2/20/96, p.A-14)(WSJ, 3/29/08, p.W18)
1885 Winslow Homer painted
"Lost on the Grand Banks." It was reportedly sold to Bill Gates in
1998 for $30 million.
(SFEC, 8/2/98, Par p.2)
1885 Berthe Morisot (d.1895),
French Impressionist, painted her self portrait.
(NMWA, 12/04, p.29)
1885 Renoir, French painter,
painted "In the Garden." It was a lush double-portrait in which the
artist’s future wife, Aline, calmly accepted the embrace of a suitor
whose face says everything about love’s sweet delusions.
(WSJ, 4/6/95, p.A-12)
1885 Ethel Reed, graphic
artist, designed the poster for Folly or Saintliness by Jose
Echegaray. A print by Ellen Thayer Fisher titled Sumac &
Milkweed was made the same year.
(Smith., 5/95, p.36, illus.)
1885 A tapestry study was done
by Sir Edward Cowley Burne-Jones and William Morris.
(SFC, 2/15/97, p.D1)
1885 Vincent Van Gogh painted
"The Potato Eaters" and "A Pair of Shoes."
(SFC, 1/14/98, p.D3)(WSJ, 8/14/01, p.A12)
1885 Thomas Mellon published
privately his autobiography, which included much detail on the
expanding US economy after the Civil War.
(WSJ, 2/27/95, p.A-10)
1885 J.R. McCulloch wrote his
book "Taxation and the Funding System." In it he stated that: "The
moment you abandon the cardinal principle of exacting from all
individuals the same proportion of their income or their profits,
you are at sea without a rudder or compass and there is no amount of
injustice of folly you may not commit."
(WSJ, 6/19/96, p.A18)
1885 William Dean Howells
authored his novel “The Rise of Silas Lapham," about a self-made
industrialist, who slips from the high rung of success just as he
attempts to enter the exclusive precincts of Boston’s elite.
(WSJ, 3/15/08, p.W10)
1885 Emile Zola (1840-1902)
authored his novel “Germinal," a fictional account of a French
mining strike. It was the 13th novel in Zola's 20-volume series Les
1885 Architect William Le Baron
Jenney began to use steel a steel frame skeleton for the first
(SFEC, 11/22/98, Z1 p.8)
1885 The Home Insurance
Building in Chicago was built and is considered the first
skyscraper. It stood 9 stories and had 2 added in 1891.
(HT, 5/97, p.23)
1885 Charles Rollo Peters
painted “Italian Fisherman’s Wharf," a scene of the congested SF
(SFC, 5/30/01, p.E3)
1885 Jules Harder, 1st chef of
the SF Palace Hotel, authored “The Physiology of Taste: Harder’s
Book of Practical American Cookery."
(SFC, 9/7/05, p.F4)
1885 In San Francisco a 4-level
Victorian was built at 3086 Washington St. In 2009 the 4,851
square-foot house listed for $6.45 million following renovations.
(SFC, 10/14/09, p.C3)(SFL)
1885 The James A. Garfield
monument on Kennedy Drive in San Francisco’s golden Gate Park was
erected by the offerings of a “grateful people."
(SFC, 12/30/96, p.A13)(SFL)
1885 In San Francisco Adolph
Sutro opened Sutro Heights to the public. The estate was dotted with
European statues. He went on to build the Sutro Baths, a 3-acre
(G, Winter 98/99, p.2)
1885 St. Dominic’s Church in
San Francisco’s Western Addition was built.
(SFC, 4/23/98, p.A19)(SFL)
1885 San Francisco brewery
owner Joseph Wieland died in a fire. His heirs commissioned a new
boat for the Dolphin Club, which he had founded; the 40-foot Joseph
Wieland rowing vessel was built by Al Rogers.
(SFC, 7/3/97, p.A23)
1885 William Sharon, US senator
and silver millionaire, died. He bequeathed $60,000 for the
construction of a children’s playground in San Francisco’s Golden
(Ind, 10/28/00, 5A)
1885 Thomas Hardy, English
writer, built his own home, Max Gate, outside Dorchester on the
Wareham Road. It was here that he wrote "Tess of the D’Ubbervilles"
and "Jude the Obscure."
(SFC, 12/4/94, p.T-4)
1885 The Norment-Parry Inn was
built in Orlando, Florida. It is now the oldest house in Orlando and
serves as a bed-and-breakfast inn. It is part of a 3 building
complex called The Courtyard at Lake Lucerne.
(Hem, Mar. 95, p.28)
1885 The Detroit Institute of
(WSJ, 9/30/97, p.A20)
1885 The Cincinnati Stock
Exchange was founded. It closed its trading floor in 1980 and became
America's first fully computerized exchange. Bernard Madoff, a
former chairman of the NASDAQ Stock Market and founder of Bernard L.
Madoff Investment Securities, was one of the few NASDAQ
market-makers who competed with the New York Stock Exchange, by
trading stocks listed on the Big Board. His broker/dealer firm did
this through an electronic market that was operated at the
Cincinnati Stock Exchange.
1885 Isaac Mayer Wise united
pockets of Jewish immigrants and assembled 15 rabbis in Pittsburgh
to articulate a platform for the Union of American Hebrew
Congregations, the Hebrew Union College, and the Central Conference
of American Rabbis. The organization of Reform Judaism discussed the
Mitzvot, the 613 commandments in the Torah, and accepted only
the moral laws as binding.
(WSJ, 6/4/99, p.W15)
1885 Elizabeth Cochran (21)
began to produce article for the Pittsburgh Dikspatch under the name
“Nelie Bly." In 1887 she moved to NYC hoping to find work at the New
(ON, 6/20/11, p.11)
1885 "Pemberton’s French Wine
Coca" made its premier In Dr. Jacob's pharmacy in Atlanta. John
Stith Pemberton refined the wine-based drink and Coca-Cola, the
future symbol of "the American way of life," made its debut in 1886.
1885 The soft drink Dr Pepper
(SFEC, 2/21/99, Z1 p.8)
1895 George Henderson founded
Dorchester Pottery outside Boston. Charles A. Hill, his
brother-in-law, was the plant manager and decorator.
(SFC, 6/17/98, Z1 p.3)
1885 Annie Oakley joined
Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show and toured Europe.
(WSJ, 3/12/99, p.W18)
1885 John Montgomery Ward and
fellow baseball players secretly formed the Brotherhood of
Professional Base Ball Players.
(SFEC, 10/3/99, BR p.4)
1885 To escape a federal
crackdown on polygamy, hundreds of Mormon families fled to Mexico
and established the first of five Mormon colonies in the state of
(SFC, 4/9/96, A-7)
1885 Christmas became a
national holiday in the US.
1885 The US Mail began a
Special Delivery service and issued the first $.10 stamp for the
guaranteed immediate delivery.
(SFC, 6/7/97, p.A6)
1885 The National Aquarium
first opened to visitors in Washington DC. On Sep 30, 2013, it
closed its operations at the US Dept. of Commerce building due to
(SFC, 9/30/13, p.A4)
1885 California in response to
the “yellow menace" passed legislation that allowed districts to
create separate schools for Asian Americans.
(SSFC, 5/16/04, p.E5)
1885 In California the Far
Niente winery was built in Napa Valley. In 2008 it was among the a
maverick group of local wineries to embrace solar power.
(SFC, 5/29/08, p.A1)
1885 Union Iron Works launched
its first ship, the coal carrier Arago, from Pier 70 in SF.
(SSFC, 9/14/08, p.A11)
1885 A Cal Western railroad
line was built in northern California to haul lumber along the Noyo
River canyon. A connection to Willits was completed in 1911. It
became known as the Skunk Train when Cal Western began using
single-car rail buses with bad gas fumes in 1925.
(SSFC, 8/31/03, p.A27)(SFC, 6/8/13, p.A7)
1885 The Concord, Mass., public
library banned "The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn" by Mark Twain.
(SFC, 1/21/04, p.D2)
1885 Princeville, North
Carolina was chartered. It had been founded by a community of newly
freed slaves and originally called Freedom Hill or Liberty Hill on
the south side of the Tar River. It was named after Turner Prince, a
carpenter who was one of its early leaders.
(SFC, 2/3/97, p.A8)
1885 Joseph O’Neil, US Army
lieutenant, spent a month ascending from Port Angeles to Hurricane
Ridge in the Olympic Mountains of Washington state.
(NG, 7/04, p.66)
1885 Chief Joseph and his band
of Nez Perce were allowed to take up residence on the Colville
reservation in northern Washington.
(ON, 3/04, p.5)
1885 George Westinghouse
(1846-1914), who eventually held more than 400 patents, turned his
interest to electricity and in 1886 formed the Westinghouse
1885 Charles Cretors of Chicago
invented the first popcorn popping machine. It was powered by steam
and first drawn by a team of horses.
(HFA, ‘96, p.67)
1885 Philip Handel started
Handel and Co., a ceramic and glass operation in Meridan, Conn. He
moved to New York and made lamps, vases and other glassware from
(SFC, 7/22/98, Z1 p.2)(SFC, 1/10/07, p.G2)
1885 Leland and Jane Stanford
founded Stanford Univ. The cornerstone was laid in 1887. The 1st
class began in 1891 with David Starr Jordan (d.1931) as the first
(SFEM, 1/30/00, p.8)(Ind, 4/12/03, 5A)(Ind,
1885 Sylanus Bowser invented
the kerosene pump. Twenty years later he modified it into a
self-regulating gasoline pump.
(SFEC, 10/10/99, Z1 p.6)
1885 The cigar lighter was
(SFC, 8/28/98, p.B4)
c1885 The founder of Johnson Controls invented an
electric room thermostat.
(WSJ, 2/3/97, p.B4)
1885 Arcade Manufacturing Co.
of Freeport, Ill., began as a manufacturer of industrial castings
and household items. It introduced toys in the 1890s and by the
1920s was a major manufacturer of high-quality cast-iron toys.
(SFC, 5/17/06, p.G5)
1885 Carl Friedrich Benz
invented the first operable auto with an internal combustion engine.
(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R14)
1885 The Varney model of the
miner’s candlestick was patented.
(SFC, 4/1/98, Z1 p.7)
1885 The clipper ship James
Stafford crossed the Pacific Ocean in 21 ½ days, a record that
lasted until 1995.
(SFEC, 8/25/96, p.B6)
1885 US drug manufacturer
Parke-Davis sold cocaine in various forms, including cigarettes,
powder, and even a cocaine mixture that could be injected directly
into the user's veins with the included needle.
1885 Scientists discovered the
plant growth hormone auxin. In 2005 they managed to reveal its
mechanism of action.
(WSJ, 6/3/05, p.B1)
1885 A new star appeared in the
Great Nebula of Andromeda.
1885 In Texas George Bannerman
Dealey founded the Dallas News at the behest of Col. A.H. Belo.
(SFC, 2/20/07, p.B4)
1885 America's 1st recorded
serial murders took place in Austin, Texas.
(SFCM, 10/11/03, p.34)
1885 Helen Hunt Jackson
(b.1830), author and social reformer, died. Her books included
"Ramona" (1984). In 2003 Kate Phillips authored Helen Hunt Jackson:
A Literary Life."
(SFEC, 12/20/98, BR p.5)(SFC, 4/19/03, p.D4)
1885 Titian Ramsey Peale
(b.1799), American naturalist and painter, died. He and his nephew
developed and patented the kinematoscope, a forerunner of the motion
(NH, 5/96, p.75)
1885 Brazil passed a law
freeing slaves between the ages of 60 and 65 in exchange for three
final years of service. By the following year slaves began running
away from their masters in large numbers.
(Econ, 12/21/13, p.52)
1885 Richard Burton, British
adventurer and linguist, published his translation of “The Thousand
and One Nights." The 1835 Cairene manuscripts formed the cornerstone
of the canonical version of the fluid text.
(Econ, 5/15/10, p.54)
1885 Britain enacted a "gross
indecency" law. It was later used to persecute thousands of English
homosexuals, including playwright Oscar Wilde, who spent two years
in prison after a trial in 1895, and World War II code breaker Alan
Turing, who committed suicide after being convicted in 1952.
1885 Britain began maintaining
records of elections.
(Econ, 10/23/10, p.72)
1885 In England John Starley
introduced the safety bicycle. It had 2 wheels of the same size and
pedals attached to a chain to the rear wheel.
(Hem, 8/96, p.34)(Econ, 7/31/10, p.70)
1885 English scientist Francis
Galton proved that no two 2 fingerprints were identical.
(SFC, 6/30/96, Zone 1 p.5)
1885 William Hesketh Lever
opened his 1st factory to make Sunlight Soap in Britain. In 2004
Adam Macqueen authored “The King of Sunlight: How William Lever
Cleaned Up the World."
(Econ, 7/24/04, p.75)
1885 Canada began forcing tens
of thousands of Chinese, who helped build the nation's railroad, to
pay a "head tax" if they wished to remain in the country and then
taxed them again to bring in their families. It started at $50 and
by 1903 grew to $500. Collections ended in 1923, when immigration
from China was banned. Canada only began admitting Chinese again in
1947. On June 22, 2006, Canada apologized.
1885 The Canadian Pacific
Railway completed its transcontinental rail line.
(SFEM, 10/10/99, p.46)
1885 In BC, Canada, St. Paul’s
Church was built at Fulford. It was the first church on Salt Spring
(SFEC, 7/26/98, p.T5)
1885 Alphonse Bertillon of the
Paris Police Dept. (Surete) developed the Bertillon system to help
identify criminals. It was based on a variety or personal
characteristics including hair and eye color and various body
(ON, 4/04, p.11)
1885 The 70-room Herrenchiemsee
Castle of Ludwig II of Bavaria was built on an island in Lake
(SFEC, 4/9/00, p.T4)
1885 In Germany Berlin police
Commissioner Leopold von Meerscheidt-Hullessem created the police
Dept. of Homosexuals to prosecute cases under Paragraph 175.
(SSFC, 11/16/14, p.P2)
1885 In Germany a treaty made
in Berlin called for the humane treatment of Africans.
(SFEM, 8/16/98, p.12)
1885 In Japan the first
Shakespeare production was a Kabuki adaptation of a Japanese novel
inspired by a Charles Lamb narrative based on "The Merchant of
1885 In the Netherlands the
façade of the Rijksmuseum was completed.
(WSJ, 1/8/99, p.C13)
1885 Managua, Nicaragua, was
leveled by an earthquake.
(SSFC, 4/10/05, p.F4)
1885 Dr. Lazarus Ludwig
Zamenhof (1859-1917), Polish ophthalmologist, invented the
artificial language known as Esperanto. [see 1887]
(SFCM, 6/8/03, p.18)
1885 A Swedish “Treskilling
Yellow" postage stamp was printed with a one-of-kind error. In 1996
it sold for a record $2.3 million. In 2010 it was again sold but the
price was not revealed.
(SSFC, 5/23/10, p.A6)
c1885 Geneva rubies were sold in Switzerland. They
were supposedly made by processing small bits of real rubies into
(SFC, 7/17/96, z-1, p.7)
1885-1889 Grover Cleveland became the 22nd
President of the US.
(A&IP, ESM, p.96b, photo)
1885-1920 Sisters Frances and Mary Allen of
Deerfield, Massachusetts, began their careers as schoolteachers, but
when deafness forced a change of profession, they turned to
photography. Their work shows everyday activities in a rural
community. Self-taught in their craft, the Allen sisters
achieved remarkable success. During their photography career from
1885 to 1920, their work appeared in numerous books and magazines as
covers, illustrations and frontispieces.
1885-1930 D.H. Lawrence, English novelist. David
Herbert Lawrence. "The world fears a new experience more than it
fears anything. Because a new experience displaces so many old
(WUD, 1994, p.812)(AP, 3/4/00)
1885-1958 Eva Gauthier, American concert singer.
She is discussed in the 1997 book "The American Opera Singer" by
Peter G. Davis.
(WSJ, 11/6/97, p.A20)
1885-1962 Niels Henrik David Bohr, Danish
theoretical physicist. He is the author of the Bohr theory which is
a model of atomic structure wherein electrons travel around the
nucleus in orbits determined by quantum conditions of angular
(AHD, 1971, p.147)
1885-1957 Sacha Guitry, French director, actor
and dramatist: "The little I know I owe to my ignorance." "You can
pretend to be serious; but you can't pretend to be witty."
(AP, 5/27/98)(AP, 2/27/99)
1885-1968 Helen M. Cam, English historian and
educator: "We must not read either law or history backwards."
1885-1973 Otto Klemperer, maestro, was born in
Breslau and died in Zurich. "Otto Klemperer: His Life and Times" Vol
II was completed by John Lucas based on the work of Mr. Heyworth and
published in 1996. Vol I by Peter Heyworth was published in 1983.
(WSJ, 8/20/96, p.A8)
1886 Jan 1, A great blizzard
buried the eastern and southern plains, killing 50 to 85 percent of
the cattle herds.
1886 Feb 16, Van Wyck Brooks
(d.1963), American biographer, critic and literary historian, was
born. "Nothing is so soothing to our self-esteem as to find our bad
traits in our forebears. It seems to absolve us."
(AP, 8/14/00)(HN, 2/16/01)
1886 Jan 25, Wilhelm
Furtwangler, conductor, composer, was born in Berlin, Germany.
1886 Jan 26, Karl Benz patented
the 1st automobile. [see Jan 29]
1886 Jan 28, Artur Rubinstein,
pianist, was born in Lodz, Poland.
1886 Jan 29, 1st successful
gasoline-driven car was patented by Karl Benz in Karlsruhe. [see Jan
1886 Feb 9, President Cleveland
declared a state of emergency in Seattle because of anti-Chinese
1886 Feb 9, Modest Mussorgsky’s
(1839-1881) opera “Khovanschchina," arranged by Rimsky-Korsakov,
premiered in St. Petersburg. The Gregorian date is Feb 21.
1886 Feb 13, Painter Thomas
Eakins resigned from the Philadelphia Academy of Art over
controversial use of male nudes in a coed art class.
1886 Feb 14, California orange
growers ship their first trainload of fruit from Los Angeles.
(HCB, 2003, p.92)
1886 Feb 15, Sax Rohmer, author
(Dr. Fu Manchu), was born in England.
1886 Feb 23, Tchaikovsky’s
symphonic poem "Manfred" premiered.
1886 Feb 23, An aluminum
manufacturing process was developed.
1886 Feb 23, London Times
published the world's 1st classified ad.
1886 Feb 27, Hugo L. Black
(d.1971) was born in Alabama. He became the 78th Supreme Court
Justice (1937-71) and wrote opinions forbidding prayer in schools
1886 Feb 8, Two rival leftist
organizations, the London United Workmen's Committee and H.F.
Hyndman's revolutionary Social Democratic Federation, gave notice of
their intention to hold meetings simultaneously in Trafalgar Square.
A brief riot occurred and sometimes became referred to as Black
1886 Mar 3, The Treaty of
Bucharest concluded the Serb-Bulgarian war, re-establishing pre-war
Serbo-Bulgarian borders but leaving Eastern Rumelia and Bulgaria
1886 Mar 6, The 1st US
alternating current power plant started in Great Barrington, MA.
1886 Mar 8, Edward Kendall,
chemist, isolated cortisone (Nobel 1950), was born.
1886 Mar 13, Albert William
Stevens, balloonist and photographer, was born.
1886 Mar 17, The Carrollton
Massacre in Mississippi occurred and 20 African Americans were
1886 Mar 24, Edward Weston,
photographer, was born.
1886 Mar 26, The 1st cremation
in England took place.
1886 Mar 27, Ludwig Mies Van
Der Rohe, German-US architect (Bauhaus), was born.
1886 Mar 28, Jarosla Novotny,
composer, was born.
1886 Mar 29, Coca-Cola was
advertised for the first time in the Atlanta Daily. Its inventor,
Dr. John Pemberton, claimed it could cure anything from hysteria to
the common cold. John Stith (Doc) Pemberton, pharmacist, concocted a
bath of a dark, sugary syrup meant to be mixed with carbonated water
and sold at the city’s soda fountains. This was the beginning of
Coca Cola, which then contained enough cocaine to give the a drinker
a buzz and more caffeine than the drink contains today. Sales at the
soda fountain of Jacob‘s Pharmacy averaged 9 drinks a day in the
first year. The story is told by Frederick Allen in his book “Secret
Formula." The drink was named by Frank Robinson and he created its
signature script logo. [see May 8]
1886 Mar 31, Giovanni Rossi
(57), composer, died.
1886 Apr 6, The City of
Vancouver, Canada, was incorporated. The ceremony was delayed when
it was discovered no one had thought to bring paper on which to
write down the details. The ceremony was held in Jonathan Miller's
house. The population of the city was about 1,000.
1886 Apr 11, General Nelson A.
Miles arrived at Fort Bowie, Ariz., to begin his assignment to
subjugate or destroy a band of Apaches led by Geronimo.
(ON, 10/06, p.1)
1886 Apr 26, Ma Rainey,
[Gertrude Pridgett], "Mother of the Blues", US blues singer, was
born. [see Apr 3, 1888]
1886 Apr 27, A band of Apaches
led by Geronimo attacked a ranch west of Fort Huachuca and killed 3
(ON, 10/06, p.1)
1886 Apr 28, Erich Salomon,
German photographer, was born.
1886 Apr, Abolitionist
Frederick Douglass gave a speech in Washington to celebrate the 24th
year after the Emancipation Proclamation. He said: "Where justice is
denied, where poverty is enforced, where ignorance prevails, where
any one class is made to feel that society is an organized
conspiracy to oppress, rob and degrade them, neither persons nor
property will be safe.
(USAT, 2/14/97, p.15A)
1886 Apr, In San Francisco
school children on Arbor Day planted the first trees of the Presidio
forest. Adolph Sutro enlisted schoolchildren to help plant
eucalyptus, acacia, Monterey pine and Monterey cypress trees in Glen
Park. The 904-foot Mount Parnassus, owned by Sutro, was also
(G, Winter, p.3)(SFC, 5/26/00, Wb p.8)(SFC,
1886 May 1, A labor strike
began across the US to support an 8-hour work day.
1886 May 2, Edouard Lockroy,
French Minister of Culture, announced plans for a tower for the 1889
Paris exhibition and invited proposals for the project. The winning
design was submitted by engineer Gustave Eiffel.
(ON, 7/03, p.9)
1886 May 3, Police arrived
outside the McCormick Harvester Works in Chicago, where 1,400 IWPA
workers were on strike. They opened-fire on the crowd while
anarchist August Spies was making a speech, killing four of the
1886 May 4,
At Haymarket Square in Chicago, a labor demonstration for an 8-hour
workday turned into a riot when a bomb exploded. Seven policemen
were killed and some 60 others injured. Only one policeman was
killed in the strike. 3 labor leaders were executed Nov 10, 1887,
for the bombing. The Haymarket affair is generally considered to
have been an important influence on the origin of international May
Day observances for workers.
(AP, 5/4/97)(WSJ, 2/6/98,
1886 May 5, A bomb exploded on
the fourth day of a workers' strike in Chicago, Ill.
1886 May 8, Atlanta pharmacist
John Stith Pemberton invented the flavor syrup for Coca-Cola, which
contained cocaine. The name for the soft drink came from his
bookkeeper, Frank Robinson. Sales of Coca-Cola at the soda fountain
of Jacob‘s Pharmacy averaged 9 drinks a day in the first year. [see
1886 May 9, William Hornaday,
taxidermist for the Smithsonian Institute, arrived with his
assistants in Miles City, Montana, on a venture to hunt buffalo and
learned that none had been seen for a long time.
(ON, 3/02, p.8)
1886 May 10, Karl Barth
(d.1966), Swiss theologian, was born. "Conscience is the perfect
interpreter of life."
(AP, 3/9/01)(HN, 5/10/02)
1886 May 10, The US Supreme
Court ruling in Santa Clara County v Southern Pacific Railroad dealt
with taxation of railroad properties. A unanimous decision, written
by Justice Harlan, ruled on the matter of fences, holding that the
state of California illegally included the fences running beside the
tracks in its assessment of the total value of the railroad's
property. As a result, the county could not collect taxes from
Southern Pacific that it was not allowed to collect in the first
3/26/11, p.78)(Econ, 4/16/11, p.18)
1886 May 15, Poet Emily
Dickinson (b.1830) died in Amherst, Mass., where she had lived in
seclusion for the previous 24 years. In 2001 Alfred Habegger
authored her biography: "My Wars Are laid Away in Books." In 2008
Brenda Wineapple authored “White Heat: The Friendship of Emily
Dickinson & Thomas Wentworth Higginson (1823-1911). In 2010
Lyndall Gordon authored “Lives Like Loaded Guns: Emily Dickinson and
her Family Feuds," in which he presents evidence that Dickinson
suffered from congenital epilepsy.
(AP, 5/15/97)(HN, 5/15/01)(WSJ, 11/2/01,
p.W11)(Econ, 7/26/08, p.96)
1886 May 16, Douglas Southall
Freeman, journalist, historian, Pulitzer Prize-winning biographer,
1886 May 19, Camille
Saint-Saens' 3rd Symphony in C ("Organ"), premiered.
1886 May 22, The cover of
Harper’s Weekly featured an illustrated picture of a jousting match
in San Francisco with a German-style castle in the background atop
Telegraph Hill. The castle, known as Layman’s Folly (1883-1903), was
built by Frederick O. Layman. He had also built a 1,400-foot cable
car line up Greenwich St. from Powell to the summit of Telegraph
(SFC, 3/8/14, p.C2)
1886 May 25, Philip Murray,
founder of Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) , was born.
1886 Jun 2, President Cleveland
married Frances Folsom in a White House ceremony. Cleveland’s bride,
Frances Folsom, was the 22-year-old daughter of Cleveland’s late law
partner and friend, Oscar Folsom. The intimate wedding ceremony took
place in the White House Blue Room with fewer than 40 people
present.(To date, Cleveland is the only president to marry in the
Executive Mansion while in office.)
(AP, 6/2/97)(WSJ, 9/23/97, p.A1)(HNQ, 6/2/98)
1886 Jun 3, 24 Christians were
burned to death in Namgongo, Uganda.
1886 Jun 10, Mount Tarawera
erupted at Rotorua on the North Island. 155 people were killed and
several Maori and European settlements, including Te Wairoa, were
(SFEC, 1/9/00, p.T5)(SSFC, 10/28/12, p.M6)
1886 Jun 11, David Steinman,
bridge designer (Hudson, Triborough), was born in NYC.
1886 Jun 13, King Ludwig II
(40), King of Bavaria, drowned in Lake Starnberg. Bavarian leaders
had conspired to remove Ludvig II from office and got a doctor, who
never saw him, to declare him insane. He was captured and taken to a
mansion on Lake Starnberg where he was found floating dead with his
doctor. In 1996 Greg King authored "The Mad King."
(AP, 6/13/97)(SFEC, 4/9/00, p.T5)
1886 Jun 13, A swift fire
destroyed Vancouver, Canada, in a time variously reported between
twenty and forty-five minutes. At least eight people died, and some
accounts claim 28. About 1,000 wooden buildings, virtually the
entire city, were totally consumed.
1886 Jun 25, Henry (Hap)
Arnold, commanding general of the U.S. Army Air Force during World
War II, was born.
1886 Jun 25, Britain adopted
its Riot (Damages) Act, intended to provide compensation for losses
1886 Jun 29, James Van Der Zee,
African-American photographer, was born.
1886 Jul 3, In Germany Karl
Benz drove the 1st automobile. [see Jan 29]
1886 Jul 4, The 1st scheduled
Canadian transcontinental passenger train (CPR) reached Pt. Moody,
BC. It had left Montreal on June 28.
(ON, 11/07, p.12)
1886 Jul 13, Father Edward J.
Flanagan, catholic priest, founder of Boys Town, was born in
1886 Jul 23, Arthur Whitten
Brown, British aviator, was born.
1886 Jul 23, New York
saloonkeeper Steve Brodie claimed to have made a daredevil plunge
from the Brooklyn Bridge into the East River. However, few
historians believe the jump actually occurred
1886 Jul 26, William Gladstone
was replaced by Lord Salisbury as prime minister of England.
1886 Jul 31, Franz Liszt,
composer, died in Bayreuth. His work included the symphonic poem
"Les Preludes" and the "Faust Symphony." Cosima-von-Bulow was a
illegitimate daughter of Liszt and married to Richard Wagner. A 3
volume biography of Liszt (1977, 1983, 1996) was written by Alan
Walker, Vol 3 was titled: "Franz Liszt: The final Years." Deszno
Legany of Hungary earlier wrote: "Liszt and His country: 1874-1866."
(WSJ, 6/18/96, p.A14)
1886 Aug 20, Paul Tillich,
German-US theologian and philosopher who wrote "Systematic
Theology," was born.
(HN, 8/20/98)(MC, 8/20/02)
1886 Aug 27, Eric Coates, viola
player, composer, was born in Hucknall, Nottinghamshire, England.
1886 Aug 31, An earthquake
rocked Charleston, S.C., killing 60 people, according to the US
1886 Sep 4, Elusive Apache
leader Geronimo (1829-1909) surrendered to General Nelson A. Miles
(1839-1925) at Skeleton Canyon, Ariz. This ended the last major
(HN, 9/4/98)(ON, 10/06, p.4)
1886 Sep 9, The Berne
International Copyright Convention took place at the instigation of
Victor Hugo and backed the individual copyright laws of the European
states. It was updated in 1971. In 1993 the Brussels directive
brought in a Europe-wide 70-year rule.
(HN, 9/9/00)(WSJ, 1/31/02,
1886 Sep 13, Alain Locke,
writer and first African-American Rhodes scholar, was born.
1886 Sep 14, Jan Garrique
Masaryk (d.1948), Czech statesman, was born.
1886 Sep 14, George K. Anderson
of Memphis, Tennessee, patented typewriter ribbon.
1886 Oct 7, Spain abolished
slavery in Cuba.
(SFC, 4/12/01, p.C4)(MC, 10/7/01)
1886 Oct 10, The tuxedo dinner
jacket made its American debut at the autumn ball in Tuxedo Park,
1886 Oct 16, David Ben-Gurion
(d.1973), Israeli statesman, was born in Plonsk, Poland. He was the
1st PM of Israel and served from 1948-53 and in 1955.
(HN, 10/16/00)(MC, 10/16/01)
1886 Oct 26, Gustav Hermann
Unger, composer, was born.
1886 Oct 28, The Statue of
Liberty on Liberty Island, formerly Bedloe's Island, in New
York Harbor, a gift from the people of France, was dedicated by
President Cleveland. It was designed by Frederic Auguste Bartholdi
and originally named Liberty Enlightening the World. It was erected
at the entrance of New York harbor as a symbol of freedom to welcome
immigrants and others from around the world and became a monument to
republicanism and to the amity between the French and American
nations. The 225-ton statue arrived in 214 packing cases in June
1885 and was assembled on an American-built pedestal, the money for
which was largely raised by Joseph Pulitzer. Lady Liberty, holding
up her torch at the entrance of the harbor, remains one of America's
most recognized monuments. Later the poem "New Colossus" by Emma
Lazarus was placed at the base. The island was renamed by Pres.
(WUD, 1994, p.1389)(WSJ, 7/26/96, p.A9)(THC,
4/10/97)(AP, 10/28/97) (HNPD, 10/28/98)(HN, 10/28/98)(MC, 10/28/01)
1886 Nov 9, Ed Wynn, actor and
comedian, was born.
1886 Nov 18, Chester A. Arthur
(56), 21st president of the United States (1881-1885), died in
1886 Nov 21, Harold G.
Nicolson, English diplomat and author (Good Behavior), was born.
1886 Nov 24, Margaret Anderson,
editor, was born. She founded "The Little Review."
1886 Nov 30, 1st commercially
successful AC electric power plant opened in Buffalo.
1886 Nov 30, Folies Bergere
introduced an elaborate review featuring women in sensational
costumes. Years later, the Folies followed the Parisian taste for
striptease and gained a reputation for spectacular nudie shows. The
Folies had originated as a hall for operettas, pantomime, and even
1885 Nov, Atlanta, Georgia,
voted to become a dry city effective July, 1886.
1886 Dec 1, Rex Stout, writer,
poet, was born. He created the detective character Nero Wolfe.
1886 Dec 6, Joyce Kilmer
(d.1918), American poet best known for his poem "Trees," was born.
Kilmer was killed by a sniper in WW I.
(HN, 12/6/98)(WUD, 1994 p.786)
1886 Dec 8, Diego Rivera
(d.1957), Mexican painter, was born in Guanajuato.
(SSFC, 8/19/12, p.P2)
1886 Dec 8, The American
Federation of Labor (AFL) was founded at a convention of union
leaders in Columbus, Ohio, by some 25 labor groups representing
about 150,000 members. The first president of the American
Federation of Labor was Samuel Gompers, who had reorganized the
Cigarmakers Union and participated in the founding of the Federation
of Organized Trades and Labor Unions in 1881.
(AP, 12/8/97)(HNPD, 9/7/99)
1886 Dec 9, Clarence Birdseye,
inventor of flash freezing foods, was born.
1886 Dec 12, Edward Richard
Woodham (b.1831), English survivor of the Charge of the Light
Brigade (1854), died.
1886 Dec 17, At a Christmas
party, Sam Belle shot his old enemy Frank West, but was fatally
1886 Dec 18, Ty [Tyrus Raymond]
Cobb, American baseball player, first man to be elected to the
Baseball Hall of Fame, was born.
1886 Dec 20, Domingo Julio
Gomez Garcia, composer, was born.
1886 Karl von Frisch, Austrian
ethologist, was born. In the 1940s he first described the method by
which honeybees describe the source of gathered pollen to their
fellow bees. The bees perform a dance is that integrates information
about the orientation of the sun and the distance to the pollen
(WUD, 1994, p.569)(NH, 9/97, p.60)
1886 French artist Jean-Leon
Gerome painted "The First Kiss of the Sun."
(WSJ, 2/5/99, p.W12)
1886 Henri Fantin-Latour
painted "Vase With Autumn Asters."
(SFC, 1/18/99, p.B1)
1886 French sculptor Auguste
Rodin created his marble sculpture "The Kiss."
(WSJ, 7/5/96, p.A5)
1886 The last impressionist
exhibition was held in France.
(SFC, 10/22/96, p.E8)
1886 Rene Lalique, a pioneer of
Art Nouveau style, set up his own jewelry workshop in Paris, France.
He had already apprenticed under Louis Aucoq and worked for Cartier,
Boucheron and other established houses.
(SSFC, 2/4/07, p.C4)
1886 Paul Durand-Ruel, a Paris
art dealer, packed his bag with 300 Impressionist paintings and took
them to sell in America.
(Econ, 11/28/09, SR p.13)
1886 Medardo Rosso sculpted his
"The Golden Age."
(SFEM, 11/24/96, p.46)
1886 Thomas Hardy, English
writer, authored "The Mayor of Casterbridge."
(SFC, 8/16/03, p.D1)
1886 George Ray (1817-1902)
authored “The Country Banker," a handbook for newly appointed branch
1886 Baron von Richard
Krafft-Ebing (1840-1902) published a work on mental disease.
(WUD, 1994, p.795)
1886 Pierre Loti, French naval
officer and author, wrote "An Iceland Fisherman."
(SFEC, 11/17/96, DB p.40)
1886 Robert Louis Stevenson
wrote "The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde" and "Kidnapped."
His work also included "Silverado Squatters" based on his
experiences in Calistoga, Ca. Stevenson used Mount St. Helena and
the Palisades for story scenes in "Treasure Island."
(Article on Calistoga by Cybil McCabe, 7/95)(WSJ,
1886 Leo Tolstoy (1828-1910),
Russian writer, authored his novel “The Death of Ivan Ilyich."
(WSJ, 2/25/06, p.P6)
1886 Jules Verne (1828-1905)
authored his novel “The Clipper of the Clouds."
(ON, 3/06, p.3)(www.kirjasto.sci.fi/verne.htm)
1886 Emile Zola (1840-1902),
French author, wrote "The Masterpiece," the story of an artist in
pursuit of his vision. Zola described the horror felt by much of the
general public when presented with the work of the new
(WSJ, 4/29/06, p.P10)(Econ, 5/2/09, p.85)
1886 The musical "The Black
Crook" was named as the first American musical.
(SFEC, 5/9/99, DB p.13)
1886 The Beaumont Hotel was
built in Ouray, Colo.
(SFC, 2/16/06, p.E2)
1886 James McCutcheon, who made
a fortune in the linen trade, hired a Boston architect to build him
a mansion in Greenwich, Connecticut. In late 2007 the property was
sold to Rene Kern, managing director of the General Atlantic hedge
fund, who planned to demolish it, despite protests, and build a new
(WSJ, 4/12/08, p.A6)
1886 In Galveston, Texas, the
Millie Walters House was built. It was the last of the famous
Postoffice St. bordellos.
(HT, 5/97, p.62)
1886 Assembly Hall, a
gothic-style building built by the Latter-day Saint pioneers, was
completed in Salt Lake City, Utah.
(THM, 4/27/97, p.N3)
1868 The ship Balclutha was
built in Glasgow, Scotland. It was named in Gaelic for Clyde’s rock.
For 16 years it sailed from the British Isles with a load of coal
around Cape Horn to SF where it picked up grain and returned to
Europe. It was later preserved at the National Maritime Museum in
San Francisco. [1st source said 1860]
(SFC, 5/28/96, p.A15)(SFEC,11/23/97, p.D1)
1886 A US general interest
magazine was begun that came to be known as Cosmopolitan.
(SFC, 8/19/05, p.E9)
1886 The Baptist General
Convention, a state umbrella group for Baptist churches, was founded
(SFEC, 3/1/98, p.A14)
1886 Agua Caliente, home of
warm mineral springs used by the Sonoma Valley Indians, was founded
as the first resort in Sonoma, Ca.
1886 David McConnell of New
York founded the California Perfume Company. He found that people
were buying his books because of his free rose oil perfumes. US
saleswoman P.F.E. Albee of Winchester, N.H., became the first Avon
Lady. The company was named Avon in 1939.
(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R25)(WSJ, 9/18/00, p.B1)
1886 Nicholas Hilger began
river boat tours on the Missouri River near Helena at the site of
the limestone cliffs named the Gates of the Mountains by the Lewis
and Clark expedition.
1886 Millionaires Pulitzer,
McCormick, Rockefeller, Morgan and others formed the Jekyll Island
Club as a vacation resort for themselves and their families on
Jekyll Island off the coast of Georgia.
(SFC, 4/28/96, p.T-7)
1886 Ybor City was founded next
to St. Petersburg by Spanish, Italian and Cuban cigar workers.
(Hem., 3/97, p.60)
1886 A board game called "The
Game of Baseball" was made with a lithographed game board by the
McLoughlin Brothers. In 1999 the boxed game was worth $3,000.
(SFC, 4/7/99, Z1 p.7)
1886 The beverages Moxie, Dr
Pepper, Coca-Cola [see Mar 29] and Hires Root Beer all appeared in
(SFC, 10/7/00, p.B5)
1886 Maxwell House coffee was
(SFC, 10/7/00, p.B5)
1886 Pres. Grover Cleveland
(49) married Frances Folsom (21), his ward and the daughter of his
late law partner. He became the first and only president to be
married in the White House. Cleveland's bride, Frances Folsom, was
the 22-year-old daughter of Cleveland's late law partner and friend,
Oscar Folsom. For years, the bachelor Cleveland acted as executor of
Folsom's estate, but no one suspected his interest in Frances until
he proposed marriage after her graduation from Wells College. The
intimate wedding ceremony took place in the White House Blue Room
with fewer than 40 people present. They had 2 sons and 3 daughters,
one of whom, Ruth, inspired the Babe Ruth candy bar.
(SFEC, 8/18/96, PM p. 2)(HNQ, 11/1/98)
1886 The US Army, which handled
weather forecasting, banned the word “tornado." It had determined
that the harm done by predicting a tornado would be greater than
that done by the tornado itself. The ban was lifted in 1952.
(SFC, 3/16/09, p.D6)
1886 US Corporations acquired
the legal status of "personhood" and the accompanying right to
(SFC, 9/26/03, p.E4)
1886 The Passenger Vessel
Services Act (PSA) of this year required that cruise ships stopping
in at US ports be built and registered in the US, be owned by US
citizens and manned by American seamen—or that they stop at a
foreign port before returning passengers to their departure point.
It was designed to protect US ferry boats operating on the Great
Lakes from Canadian competition.
(SFEC, 5/11/97, p.C10)(SFEC, 5/25/97, p.B1)
1886 George Hearst was elected
US Senator for California.
(SFEM, 10/24/99, p.20)
1886 The three Korbel brothers
built a lumber mill in Guerneville, California. The mill prospered
logging redwoods and specialized in fancy moldings used in many of
the Victorian homes of San Francisco. The property was acquired by
the Heck family in 1954 who began producing sparkling wines.
(SFC, 4/9/96, zz1 p.3)
1886 In San Francisco Adolph
Sutro opened his Sutro Baths. The huge glass enclosure had room for
1,600 bathers. Late in his life the former mayor donated the Sutro
Library to the city. It was made up of a 50,000-volume genealogy
collection, medieval Jewish tests, books and documents from the
Italian Renaissance, the papers of British explorer Joseph Banks, a
labor archive and other collections.
(SFC, 5/19/96,City Guide, p.6)
1886 The 13-room
Haas-Lilienthal House was built at 2007 Franklin, SF. Architect
Peter R. Schmidt built the 24-room house of fir and redwood for
Bertha and William Haas, a mercantile grocer, for $18,500.
(SFC, 7/17/96, z-1, p.2)(SFC, 8/30/96, p.D5)
1886 In San Francisco the Union
Iron Works red brick machine shop was built across from the dry dock
gate at Pier 70. It closed in 2004 due to seismic issues. In 2009
plans were made public for the redevelopment of the area.
(SSFC, 7/3/05, p.F2)(SFC, 7/11/09, p.A6)
1886 In SF the Fior d’Italia
restaurant began to serve clients for a nearby North Beach bordello.
Tortellini was a nickel, risotto with clams a dime and veal
scallopine and calf’s liver was 15 cents. It was
originally located at 482 Broadway and later moved to 601 Union St.
In February 2005 the restaurant was burned out of its Washington
Square location. It re-opened in November on Mason Street at the
former San Remo Hotel.
(SFC, 4/23/02, p.A1)(SFC, 11/23/05, p.B5)(SSFC,
5/1/11, DB p.46)
1886 In SF the North Beach
jewelry business, later run by Rocco Matteucci (d.1959), was
(SFC, 10/21/99, p.A24)
1886 Aaron Shenson started a
meat business. In 1953 the H. Shenson Wholsesale Meat Co. moved to a
new plant at 1040 Bryant St., SF.
(SFC, 12/19/03, p.E2)
1886 In San Francisco Mrs.
Abbie Parrott purchased the old St. Ignatius Market Street school
site for $900,000. her family later built the Emporium store on this
(GenIV, Winter 04/05)
1886 Josephine Garis Cochrane
(d.1913), a housewife from Shelbyville, Ill., patented the first
dishwashing machine. She named it the Garis-Cochran Dishwashing
Machine in honor of her father and late husband.
(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R14)(ON, 4/00, p.12)
1886 The Chicago Tribune began
using the Linotype, invented by Ottmar Mergenthaler (1854-1899) of
Germany. It produced newspaper type until it was replaced by
(SFC, 2/4/98, p.A21)(ON, 7/00, p.5)
1886 Charles T. Yerkes acquired
a primitive horse-car company on Chicago’s North Side. He acquired
another the following year on the West Side and proceeded to develop
the city’s streetcar system. His accomplishments included the
Northwestern Elevated, the Consolidated Traction network of suburban
lines and the Union Loop.
(WSJ, 8/29/06, p.D5)
1886 The Grand Rapids School
Furniture Company was founded in Grand Rapids, Mich. By 1899 the
company had merged with 18 others to form the American Seating Co.
(SFC, 1/14/09, p.G2)
1886 Bloomingdale's department
store in NYC moved to 59th and Lexington Ave.
(SSFC, 9/24/06, p.D2)
1886 Robert J. Horner opened a
furniture shop on West 23rd Street in NYC. In 1914-15 the business
merged with a furniture company owned by George C. Flint and became
Flint & Horner, which grew into a large retail store.
(SFC, 1/16/08, p.G4)
1886 American statistician
Herman Hollerith started a business renting out tabulating machines,
which he had invented, for the US census. In 1911 the company merged
with others to form the Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company,
later renamed IBM.
(Econ, 6/11/11, p.67)
1886 George Westinghouse
incorporated the Westinghouse Electric Company.
(ON, 10/04, p.6)
1886 Alexander Winton,
Cleveland bicycle manufacturer, made his first running experimental
car. He went into the car business a year later.
(F, 10/7/96, p.66)
1886 Richard W. Sears began
selling watches in North Redwood, Minn. In 1887 he opened a Chicago
headquarters after hiring watchmaker Alvah C. Roebuck. In 1888 the
1st Sears catalog sold watches and jewelry. [see 1893]
(SFC, 11/18/04, p.B1)
1886 Duke's Cameo smokes was
(SFEC, 2/14/99, Z1 p.4)
1886 LaVerne Noyes (1849-1919)
invented his akromotor, a device that converted wind to electricity
and proved to be immensely useful to American farmers.
1886 In Honolulu, Hawaii, a
fire destroyed the original Chinatown.
(SFEC, 8/17/97, BR p.3)
1886 Texas was hit by 4
(SSFC, 9/26/04, p.A1)
1886 Alexander Ostrovsky
(b.1823), Russian social realist playwright, died.
(WSJ, 7/26/00, p.A24)
1886 Peter "Black Prince"
Jackson (1861-1901), St. Croix-born boxer, won the Australian
heavyweight championship. In 1892 he won the British Empire title.
1886 London’s Soho district of
this year was the setting for Joseph Conrad’s 1907 novel "The Secret
(SFC, 12/20/96, p.C12)
1886 The Clunies-Ross family
was granted the Cocos Islands in the Indian Ocean, about 2,700
kilometers (1,680 miles) northwest of Perth, by Queen Victoria.
Captain John Clunies-Ross, a Scottish trader, had landed there in
1886 Arthur Wharton
(1865-1930), Accra, Gold Coast (now Ghana)-born athlete, won the
British Amateur Athletics Association 100 yards sprint in a world
record time of exactly 10 seconds. He is believed to have been the
world's first black professional footballer.
1886 Henry Stanley (1841-1904),
Welsh-born journalist, led the Emin Pasha Relief Expedition to
"rescue" Emin Pasha, the governor of Equatoria in the southern
1886 Thomas Stevens, a British
adventurer, made a 620 miles mile bicycle trip pedaling north on a
high-wheeler from Guangzhou in the south to Jiujiang.
(Econ, 5/26/12, SR p.3)
1886 In Bulgaria the Cathedral
of the Assumption was built in Varna.
(SFEC, 2/1/98, p.T3)
1886 The ruler of Bambao
unified Grande Comore Island into the State of Ngazidja, with the
local rulers retaining their titles.
1886 In Cuba slavery was
(SFC, 4/12/01, p.C4)
1886 Frenchman Edouard Drumont
authored “La France Juive," an anti-Semitic tract that became a
(Econ, 6/12/10, p.91)
1886 “Illuminations," the final
work of Arthur Rimbaud (1854-1891), was published in France. By this
time he had given up on poetry to become a trader in Africa.
(Econ, 6/25/11, p.98)
1886 In Germany the firm of
Robert Bosch GmbH was founded. It later became a world leader in
(SFEC, 3/28/99, p.A30)
1886 In Mexico the Tequila San
Matias company in Guadalajara began tequila production.
(SFEC,10/19/97, Z1 p.4)
1886 A handful of German
families, led by Elisabeth Nietzsche-Foerster (1935), founded the
Aryan colony Nueva Germania in the jungles of Paraguay. The idea had
been originally suggested by composer Richard Wagner in 1880. The
colony fell apart in 1893 and Elisabeth Nietzsche-Foerster,
described by her brother, Friedrich Nietzsche (d.1900), as a
“vengeful anti-Semitic goose," returned to Germany where she edited
and promoted the work of her brother.
(SSFC, 3/13/05, p.C6)
1886 Piotr Smirnov was made
'Official Purveyor' of vodka to the imperial Russian court. His
pure, charcoal-filtered vodka became the toast of the Czars. Later,
one of Smirnov's sons escaped Russia's revolution and restarted the
family business in Paris, adopting the francophone name Smirnoff.
The pure Smirnoff vodka took America by storm in the 1930's and went
on to become a global icon.
1886 The ship Balclutha was
built in Glasgow, Scotland. It was named in Gaelic for Clyde’s rock.
For 16 years it sailed from the British Isles with a load of coal
around Cape Horn to SF where it picked up grain and returned to
Europe. It was later preserved at the National Maritime Museum in
1886 The discovery of gold on
the Witwatersrand, South Africa, launched the city of Johannesburg.
Labor was provided from Lesotho.
(NG, Oct. 1988, p. 562)(WSJ, 3/25/98, p.A11)
1886-1888 Vincent Van Gogh made his Paris sojourn.
(WSJ, 3/14/00, p.A28)
1886-1952 Sister Elizabeth Kenny, Australian
nurse: "Some minds remain open long enough for the truth not only to
enter but to pass on through by way of a ready exit without pausing
anywhere along the route."
1886-1963 Robert Schuman, French statesman: "When
I was a young man I vowed never to marry until I found the ideal
woman. Well, I found her—but, alas, she was waiting for the perfect
1886-1965 Paul Tillich, American theologian: "The
first duty of love is to listen."
1886-1967 Bruce Barton, American advertising
executive: "Conceit is God’s gift to little men."
1886-1967 Mir Osman Ali Khan, 7th and last ruler
of the Sif Jahi dynasty in India. He ruled Hyderabad up to 1948 and
amassed a fortune from taxation. He donated to hundreds of
universities and hospitals regardless of caste and religion. When he
died rooms were found filled with bank notes eaten through by rats.
(WSJ, 1/11/98, p.R18)
1886-1967 Siegfried Sassoon, English poet and
novelist. He met Wilfred Owen in a sanatorium and published his
poetry after Owen died at the front.
(WUD, 1994, p.1270)
1886-1969 Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, member of
Bauhaus, established a new dept. of architecture at Armour Institute
(later Illinois Institute of Technology) in Chicago.
1886-1975 Rex Stout, American author: "There are
two kinds of statistics, the kind you look up and the kind you make
1886-1966 Karl Barth, Swiss theologian:
"Conscience is the perfect interpreter of life."