Timeline 1926 - 1927

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1926        Jan 3, Joan Walsh Anglund author, was born: Bedtime Book, Crocus in the Snow; illustrator of children~ez_rsquo~s books.
    (440 Int'l. 1/3/99)
1926        Jan 3, George Martin record producer, arranger, keyboard player, was born: group: The Beatles; AIR Studios; inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame [3-15-99].
    (440 Int'l. 1/3/99)

1926        Jan 8, Soupy Sales (d.2009), comedian (Soupy Sales Show), was born in Franklinton, North Carolina, as Milton Supman.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soupy_Sales)
1926        Jan 8, Bao Dai (1913-1997) began serving as king of Annam under French ~ez_lsquo~protection~ez_rsquo~. During this period, Annam was a protectorate within French Indochina, covering the central two-thirds of the present-day Vietnam. His rule ended on Aug 25, 1945.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bao_Dai)

1926        Jan 12, U.S. coal talks broke down, leaving both sides bitter as the strike dragged on into its fifth month.
    (HN, 1/12/99)

1926        Jan 17, George Burns married Gracie Allen.
    (MC, 1/17/02)

1926        Jan 27, US Senate agreed to join the World Court.
    (MC, 1/27/02)

1926        Jan 29, Violette Neatley Anderson became the first African-American woman admitted to practice before the U.S. Supreme Court.
    (HN, 1/29/99)

1926        Jan 30, A bomb exploded in Brant Alley behind Sts. Peter and Paul~ez_rsquo~s Catholic Church on Filbert St.
    (SFC, 1/26/01, WBb p.4)(SFC, 11/22/14, p.C1)

1926        Jan 31, Jean Simmons, actress (Thorn Birds, Guys and Dolls), was born in London, England.
    (MC, 1/31/02)
1926        Jan 31, Nahdlatul Ulama (NU) was established by Wahab Chasbullah with support from Hasyim Asy'ari, the most respected Muslim scholar in East Java. By 2010 NU was one of the largest independent Islamic organizations in the world.
    (Econ, 1/9/10, p.85)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ulema)

1926        Jan, In a letter to then Secretary of Commerce Herbert Hoover, the senior Guggenheim announced the establishment of the Daniel Guggenheim Fund for the Promotion of Aeronautics.
    (HN, 2/24/98)
1926        Jan, Walt and Roy Disney moved to their new studio at 2719 Hyperion in Los Angeles.
    (www.islandnet.com/~kpolsson/disnehis/disn1926.htm)
1926        Jan,  Abdul Aziz was declared King of Hejaz (later Saudi Arabia) and the Sultan of Nejd and its Dependencies.
     (www.rogersstudy.co.uk/hejaz/al_nahda/al_nahda.html)

1926        Feb 1, Land at Broadway & Wall Street sold at a record $7 per sq. inch.
    (MC, 2/1/02)

1926        Feb 5, Arthur Ochs Sulzberger, longtime New York Times publisher, was born.
    (HN, 2/5/01)

1926        Feb 6, Mussolini warned Germany to stop agitation in Tyrol.
    (HN, 2/6/99)

1926        Feb 7, Negro History Week, originated by Carter G. Woodson, was observed for the first time. The 2nd week in February was declared Negro History Week. Woodson established Negro History week on Feb 19. It later developed into Black History Month. In 1999 the African American Timeline was created for BHM at wanonline.com/blackhistory/1999/tl/html.
    (USAT, 2/14/97, p.15A)(HN, 2/7/99)(SFC, 2/1/00, p.E1)

1926        Feb 8, Neal Cassaday, writer, counterculture proponent, was born.
    (HN, 2/8/01)
1926        Feb 8, Sean O'Casey's "Plough & Stars" opened at Abbey Theater Dublin.
    (MC, 2/8/02)
1926        Feb 8, German Reichstag decided to apply for League of Nations membership.
    (MC, 2/8/02)

1926        Feb 9, Teaching theory of evolution was forbidden in Atlanta, Georgia, schools.
    (MC, 2/9/02)

1926        Feb 11, Paul Bocuse, French chef (Legion of Honor), was born.
    (MC, 2/11/02)
1926        Feb 11, The Mexican government nationalized all church property. Pres. Plutarco Elias Calles, founder of the modern Mexican political system, tried to suppress the Church. This fomented the Cristiada, 3 years of rebellion and outright war.
    (WSJ, 8/13/97, p.A12)(Econ, 1/11/14, p.30)

1926        Feb 15, Contract air mail service began in the US.
    (440 Int~ez_rsquo~l., 2/15/99)

1926        Feb 17, An avalanche buried 75 in Sap Gulch, Bingham, Utah, and 40 died.
    (MC, 2/17/02)

1926        Feb 19, Dr. Lane of Princeton estimated the earth~ez_rsquo~s age at one billion years.
    (HN, 2/19/98)

1926        Feb 22, Pope Pius rejected Mussolini~ez_rsquo~s offer of aid to the Vatican.
    (HN, 2/22/98)

1926        Feb 23, President Calvin Coolidge opposed a large air force, believing it would be a menace to world peace.
    (HN, 2/23/98)

1926        Feb 25, Poland demanded a permanent seat on the League Council.
    (HN, 2/25/98)

1926        Feb 26, Dark Street in the Bronx was renamed Lustre Street.
    (SC, 2/26/02)

1926        Feb 28, Svetlana Alliluyeva, daughter of Josef Stalin, author (My Life), was born.
    (HN, 2/28/98)(MC, 2/28/02)

1926        Mar 3, James Merrill, Pulitzer Prize-winning poet (Divine Comedies), was born.
    (HN, 3/3/01)
1926        Mar 3, International Greyhound Racing Association formed in Miami, FL.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1926        Mar 4, De Geer government in Netherlands took office.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1926        Mar 6, Alan Greenspan, economist, presidential advisor, was born.
    (SSFC, 3/6/05, p.E1)

1926        Mar 7, The first successful trans-Atlantic radio-telephone conversation took place, between New York City and London. AT&T began trans-Atlantic telephone service via two-way radio this year.
    (AP, 3/7/98)(WSJ, 10/26/00, p.A12)

1926        Mar 11, Ralph David Abernathy, civil rights leader, was born.
    (HN, 3/11/98)

1926        Mar 12, E.W. Scripps (b.1854), founder of Scripps-Howard newspaper chain and the UP wire service, died on his yacht off the coast of Liberia.
    (www.ketupa.net/scripps.htm)

1926        Mar 16, Rocket science pioneer Robert H. Goddard successfully tested the first liquid-fueled rocket, in Auburn, Mass. It went 184' (56 meters).
    (HN, 3/16/98)(AP, 3/15/07)

1926        Mar 24, Dario Fo, Italian actor and playwright, was born in Leggiuno Sangiano on the banks of Lake Maggiore. He won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1997.
    (SFC, 10/10/97, p.A15)(HN, 3/24/01)

1926        Mar 26, ACD de Graeff was appointed Governor-General of Dutch East-Indies.
    (SS, 3/26/02)
1926        Mar 26, The 1st lip-reading tournament was held in America.
    (SS, 3/26/02)
1926        Mar 26, U.S. oil companies bought 190,000 tons of kerosene from Russia for $3.2 million.
    (HN, 3/25/98)

1926        Mar 30, Feliks E. Dzerzjinski (48), Lithuanian organizer (KGB), died. Felix Dzerzhinsky was the founder of the communist secret police, the Cheka.
    (MC, 3/30/02)(WSJ, 10/15/02, p.D6)

1926        Mar 31, Sydney Chaplin, son of Charlie, actor (Adding Machine, Psycho Sisters), was born.
    (MC, 3/31/02)
1926        Mar 31, John Fowles (d.2005), English novelist, was born. His work included ~ez_ldquo~The Collector~ez_rdquo~ (1963) and ~ez_ldquo~The French Lieutenant's Woman~ez_rdquo~ (1969).
    (HN, 3/31/01)(SFC, 11/8/05, p.B5)

1926        Mar, A nationwide poll on prohibition showed that people favored a modification of the Volstead Act by a margin of 9 to 1.
    (SFC, 3/16/01, WBb p.4)

1926        Apr 2, Riots took place between Moslems and Hindus in Calcutta.
    (MC, 4/2/02)

1926        Apr 3, Virgil Grissom (d.1967), Lt. Col. USAF, astronaut (Mercury 4, Gemini 3), was born in Mitchell, Ind. He was the Mercury and Gemini astronaut who was killed in a fire while preparing for the first Apollo flight.
    http://www.hq.nasa.gov/office/pao/History/Apollo204/grissom.html
    (MC, 4/3/02)
1926        Apr 3, 1st performance of Jean Sibelius' 7th Symphony in C.
    (MC, 4/3/02)
1926        Apr 3, Robert Goddard launched his 2nd flight of a liquid-fueled rocket.
    (MC, 4/3/02)
1926        Apr 3, Italy established corps of force in order to break powerful unions.
    (MC, 4/3/02)

1926        Apr 5, Roger Corman, producer, director (Little Shop of Horrors), was born in Detroit.
    (MC, 4/5/02)
1926        Apr 5, The 1st issue of Amazing Stories, published by Hugo Gernsback, went on sale. He called the science fiction stories ~ez_ldquo~scientifiction.~ez_rdquo~
    (ON, 11/05, p.11)

1926        Apr 7, In San Luis Obispo, Ca., lightning sparked a 5-day oil fire killing 2 people. Over 6 million barrels of oil were burned. Final damages were estimated at $15 million.
    (SFC, 4/7/09, p.D8)
1926        Apr 7, Mussolini's Irish wife broke his Italian nose.
    (MC, 4/7/02)

1926        Apr 9, Hugh Hefner, publisher of Playboy Magazine, was born in Chicago.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hugh_Hefner)

1926        Apr 11, Gervase de Peyer, clarinetist, was born.
    (MC, 4/11/02)

1926        Apr 16, The new Book of the Month Club sent out its 1st selection: "Lolly Willows  or The Loving Huntsman" by Sylvia Townsend Warner. It went to nearly 5,000 members who had joined the Club, which had just been established in New York City.
    (http://tinyurl.com/gmvh6)

1926        Apr 21, Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor II, queen of England, was born.
    (HN, 4/21/98)

1926        Apr 22, James Stirling, Scottish D-day-parachutist, architect, knight, was born.
    (MC, 4/22/02)

1926        Apr 23, J.P. Donlevey, American-born Irish writer (The Ginger Man), was born.
    (HN, 4/23/01)

1926        Apr 25, Puccini's opera Turandot premiered at La Scala in Milan with Arturo Toscanini conducting.
    (HN, 4/25/01)
1926        Apr 25, In Iran (Persia), Reza Kahn was crowned Shah and chose the name "Pehlevi".
    (HN, 4/25/98)

1926        Apr 28, Harper Lee, American novelist, was born. Her 1960 book, "To Kill a Mockingbird" won a Pulitzer.
    (HN, 4/28/99)(SSFC, 6/25/06, p.M3)

1926        May 1, Satchel Paige made his pitching debut in Negro Southern League.
    (MC, 5/1/02)

1926        May 2, US military "intervened" in Nicaragua. [see May 3]
    (MC, 5/2/02)

1926        May 3, A Pulitzer prize was awarded to Sinclair Lewis (Arrowsmith).
    (MC, 5/3/02)
1926         May 3, U.S. marines landed in Nicaragua and remained until 1933.
    (HN, 5/3/98)
1926        May 3, There was a British general strike and 3 million workers supported the miners. The strike lasted 9 days.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1926_United_Kingdom_general_strike)
1926        May 3, Napoleon V Bonaparte (63), French pretender to the throne, died.
    (MC, 5/3/02)

1926        May 5, Sinclair Lewis refused his Pulitzer Prize for "Arrowsmith."
    (MC, 5/5/02)

1926        May 6, Marguerite Piazza, operatic soprano (Young Broadway), was born in New Orleans, LA.
    (MC, 5/6/02)

1926        May 9, Americans Richard Byrd and Floyd Bennett made the first flight over the North Pole. [see 1888-1957, Byrd] Two teams of aviators competed to be the first to fly over the North Pole. American Navy Lt. Cmdr. Richard E. Byrd and pilot Floyd Bennett claimed victory when they circled the North Pole. But even today experts suspect that faulty navigation caused Byrd to miss the North Pole. Later archivists determined that Byrd was probably 150 miles short of the pole. His tri-motor Fokker monoplane named Josephine Ford probably came within 2.25 degrees of the pole.
    (HFA, ~ez_lsquo~96, p.30)(TMC, 1994, p.1926)(SFC, 5/9/96, p.A-13)(HN, 5/9/98)(HNPD, 5/13/99)
1926        May 9, In San Francisco a bomb exploded in front of the main entrance of Sts. Peter and Paul~ez_rsquo~s Catholic Church.
    (SFC, 11/22/14, p.C1)
1926        May 9, Joseph Malaby Dent (b.1849), British bookbinder turned publisher, died. He began Everyman~ez_rsquo~s Library in 1906, a collection of low cost classic books. Random House and Knopf debuted a revived line in 1991.
    (WSJ, 1/9/07, p.D4)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/J._M._Dent)

1926        May 11, Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen launched the dirigible Norge on a planned flight, not merely over the pole, but all the way across the Arctic to Alaska. Byrd and Bennett in Josephine Ford briefly accompanied Norge in a gesture of goodwill.
    (HNPD, 5/13/99)

1926        May 12, Dmitri Shostakovitch's 1st Symphony premiered in Leningrad.
    (MC, 5/12/02)
1926        May 12, Italian Col. Umberto Nobile of the Italian army piloted his Norge dirigible over the North Pole with Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen.
    (ON, 10/00, p.5)

1926        May 15, Anthony Shaffer, English playwright (Sleuth), twin brother of Peter Shaffer, was born.
    (HN, 5/15/01)
1926        May 15, Peter Shaffer, English playwright (Equus, Amadeus), twin brother of Anthony Shaffer, was born.
    (HN, 5/15/01)

1926        May 16, In Ireland Eamon de Valera founded the Fianna Fail party. It emerged from a split among those in the Sinn Fein Party, who had rejected the Anglo-Irish Treaty of 1921.
    (www.ucd.ie/archives/html/collections/fiannafail.htm)

1926        May 17, Chiang Kai-shek was made supreme war lord and "generalissimo" in Canton.
    (MC, 5/17/02)

1926        May 18, Evangelist Aimee Semple McPherson vanished while visiting a beach in Venice, Calif.; she reappeared a month later, claiming to have been kidnapped.
    (AP, 5/18/97)

1926        May 19, French air force bombed Damascus, Syria. The French launched a major military campaign in Syria to suppress a revolt by the Druze, which began in 1925 under the leadership of Sultan al-Atrash. A large French force sent against them was defeated and the revolt spread into the Druze portions of Lebanon. When the insurgents gained a foothold in Damascus, the French bombarded the city.
    (HNQ, 5/25/99)(MC, 5/19/02)

1926        May 20, Thomas Edison said Americans prefer silent movies over talkies.
    (MC, 5/20/02)

1926        May 21, Robert Creeley, poet, was born.
    (HN, 5/21/01)

1926        May 24, Paavo Nurmi ran world record 3000 meters in 8:25.4.
    (MC, 5/24/02)

1926        May 25, Miles Davis, American jazz trumpeter, was born in Alton, IL. He is considered the prophet of the "cool" school. His albums included The Birth of Cool and Miles Ahead.
    (HN, 5/25/99)(SC, 5/25/02)
1926        May 25, Kitty Kallen, rocker, was born.
    (SC, 5/25/02)
1926        May 25, M von der Grün, writer, was born.
    (SC, 5/25/02)
1926        May 25, Symon Petlyura (47), leader of Ukraine (pogroms), was assassinated.
    (SC, 5/25/02)

1926        May 28, The US Customs Court was created by congress.
    (MC, 5/28/02)

1926        May 29, Charles Denner, actor (And Now My Love), was born in Tarnow, Poland.
    (SC, 5/29/02)

1926        May 30, Christine Jorgensen, pioneer transsexual, was born.
    (MC, 5/30/02)

1926        May 31, Portuguese president Bernardino Machedo resigned after coup.
    (MC, 5/31/02)

1926        May, In Japan Mount Tokachidake erupted and left 144 people dead.
    (SFEC, 4/2/00, p.A17)

1926         Jun 1, Ignacy Mocicki was elected president of Poland.
    (DTnet, 6/1/97)
1926        Jun 1, Actress Marilyn Monroe (d.Aug 5, 1962), (born as Norma Jean Mortenson, later Norma Jean Baker), was born in Los Angeles. "I don't mind living in a man's world as long as I can be a woman in it."
    (AP, 6/1/97)(AP, 8/5/99)(HN, 6/1/01)
1926        Jun 1, Andy Griffith, actor, was born within one hour of Marilyn Monroe.
    (SFC, 11/28/98, p.E4)

1926        Jun 2, Milo O'Shea, actor (Barbarella, Romeo & Juliet), was born.
    (SC, 6/2/02)

1926        Jun 3, Allen Ginsberg (d.1997), poet, was born in Newark, New Jersey.
    (SFC, 4/16/97, p.E3)
1926        Jun 3, Colleen Dewhurst, actress (Maggie-Blue & Grey), was born in Montreal, Canada.
    (MC, 6/3/02)

1926        Jun 5, David Wagoner, poet and novelist (The Escape Artist), was born.
    (HN, 6/5/01)

1926        Jun 7, Dick Williams, choral director (Andy Williams Show), was born in Wall Lake, Iowa.
    (SC, 6/7/02)

1926        Jun 11, Carlisle Floyd, composer (Slow Dusk), was born in Latta, SC.
    (Internet)

1926        Jun 12, Brazil quit the League of Nations in protest over plans to admit Germany.
    (HN, 6/12/98)

1926        Jun 17, Spain threatened to quit the League of Nations if Germany was allowed to join.
    (HN, 6/17/98)

1926        Jun 19, The first black musician, DeFord Bailey, appeared on Nashville's Grand Ole Opry show. 40 years later, Charley Pride, the most successful black country performer ever, achieved a similar feat.
    (DT, 6/19/97)
1926        Jun 19, The opera ~ez_ldquo~King Roger,~ez_rdquo~ composed by Polish composer Karol Szymanowski (1882-1937), premiered in Warsaw.
    (Econ, 8/23/08, p.73)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/King_Roger)

1926        Jun 26, A memorial to the first U.S. troops in France was unveiled at St. Nazaire.
    (HN, 6/26/98)

1926         Jun 27, Frank O'Hara (d.1966), American poet, was born in Baltimore. In 1998 David Lehman published "The Last Avant-Garde: The Making of the New York School of Poets."
    (WSJ, 9/18/98, p.W8)(HN, 6/27/01)

1926        Jun 28, Mel Brooks, comedian, actor, and director, was born. His films included "The Producers" and "Blazing Saddles."
    (HN, 6/28/99)

1926        Jun 29, Fascists in Rome added an hour to the work day in an economic efficiency measure.
    (HN, 6/29/98)

1926         Jun 30, Paul Berg, Nobel Prize-winning biochemist, was born.
    (HN, 6/30/01)

1926        Jul 2, Medgar Evers, American civil rights leader in Mississippi, was born. He was murdered in front of his house by Byron DeLa Beckwith.
    (HN, 7/2/99)
1926        Jul 2, Lee Allen Pittsburg, tenor sax (Walkin' With Mr. Lee), was born in Kansas.
    (SC, 7/2/02)
1926        Jul 2, The U.S. Army Air Corps was created by Congress. The Distinguish Flying Cross was authorized.
    (AP, 7/2/97)(HN, 7/2/98)(SC, 7/2/02)
1926        Jul 2, Emile Coue (b.1857 as Émile Coué de Châtaigneraie ), French psychologist and pharmacist, died. He introduced a method of psychotherapy and self-improvement based on optimistic autosuggestion. Working as an apothecary at Troyes from 1882 to 1910, Coué discovered what later came to be known as the placebo effect. He became known for reassuring his clients by praising each remedy's efficiency and leaving a small positive notice with each given medication.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C3%89mile_Cou%C3%A9)

1926        Jul 4, The NSDAP (Nazi) party formed in Weimar.
    (Maggio, 98)

1926        Jul 8, Elizabeth Kubler-Ross, author, physician, educator, was born.
    (MC, 7/8/02)

1926        Jul 9, Mathilde Krim, geneticist, founder of the AIDS foundation, was born.
    (HN, 7/9/01)
1926        Jul 9, Chiang Kai-shek was appointed to national-revolutionary supreme commander.
    (MC, 7/9/02)

1926        Jul 12, Gertrude Bell (b.1868), British archeologist and intelligence officer, died in Baghdad. From 1900 to 1913 she journeyed some 20,000 miles from Istanbul to the Syrian desert and on to Iraq. In 2006 Georgina Howell authored ~ez_rdquo~Daughter of the Desert: The Remarkable Life of Gertrude Bell.~ez_rdquo~
    (Econ, 9/9/06, p.79)(http://tinyurl.com/p59fy)

1926        Jul 14, Frank Figgins found a spear point embedded into the matrix of rock containing 10,000 year-old bones of ancient bison in eastern New Mexico. The site had been initially found by cowboy George McJunkin in 1908. The finding established the existence of what came to be called the Folsom culture.
    (NH, 2/97, p.20)

1926        Jul 16, National Geographic took the 1st natural-color undersea photos.
    (MC, 7/16/02)

1926        Jul 21, Norman Jewison, director (Moonstruck, ...and Justice For All), was born.
    (MC, 7/21/02)

1926        Jul 26, Philippines government asked the US to plebiscite for independence.
    (MC, 7/26/02)

1926        Jul 31, In California Highway 140, the "All-Year Highway, to Yosemite opened.
    (SFEM, 10/12/97, p.39)

1926        Aug 3, Tony Bennett, singer, was born in Queens, NY.
    (SC, 8/3/02)

1926        Aug 5, Houdini stayed in a coffin under water for 1 hr.
    (MC, 8/5/02)

1926        Aug 6, Gertrude "Trudy" Ederle (1905-2003), American Olympic gold medalist, became the first woman to swim the English Channel. Before setting out from Cap Griz-Nez, France, at 7:09 a.m., Ederle coated her body with layers of lard and petroleum jelly to insulate her from the cold waters. On that day, the sea was so rough that steamship crossings had been cancelled, but Ederle swam on in spite of being buffeted by waves and plagued by seasickness. She reached Dover at 9:40 p.m., after swimming the Channel in 14 hours and 39 minutes. This time broke the existing world record of 21 hours and 45 minutes set by British Navy Captain Matthew Webb in 1875. Ederle died Nov 30, 2003. [see Sep 11,1951]
    (AP, 8/6/97)(HNQ, 7/31/98)(HNPD, 8/30/98)(SFC, 12/1/03, p.A23)
1926        Aug 6, Warner Bros. premiered its "Vitaphone" sound-on-disc movie system in New York with a showing of "Don Juan" featuring music and sound effects.
    (AP, 8/6/08)

1926        Aug 7, Stan Freberg, satirist, ad executive, cartoon voice (Bertie), was born in LA, Calif.
    (MC, 8/7/02)
1926        Aug 7, The United States declared non-intervention in the Spanish Civil War.
    (HN, 8/7/98)

1926        Aug 10, Marie-Claire Alain, French organist, composer, was born.
    (MC, 8/10/02)

1926        Aug 11, Claus Von Bulow, accused of murdering his wife, was born.
    (MC, 8/11/02)

1926        Aug 12, John Derek, actor, director (10, Annapolis Story), was born in LA, Calif.
    (SC, 8/12/02)

1926        Aug 13, Fidel Castro, revolutionary leader, president, was born in Biran, Cuba.
    (USAT, 8/29/97, p.8A)(HN, 8/13/98)(WSJ, 8/5/06, p.A9)

1926        Aug 20, There was an uprising against Reza Shah Pahlavi in Persia.
    (MC, 8/20/02)

1926        Aug 23, The death of silent film actor Rudolph Valentino caused a worldwide frenzy among his fans. Valentino, who appeared in only 14 major films during his brief seven-year movie career, was idolized by countless women as the "Great Lover" of the 1920s. Born in 1895 in Castellaneta, Italy, Rodolfo di Valentina D~ez_rsquo~Antonguolla came to America in 1913 and worked as a gardener, dishwasher and vaudeville dancer until he moved to Hollywood and obtained his first important film role in 1921. In films like 1921~ez_rsquo~s The Sheik, Valentino mesmerized female fans with his sex appeal and exotic good looks. In New York for the 1926 premiere of Son of the Sheik, the 31-year-old Valentino became ill on August 15 and died of peritonitis on August 23. Valentino~ez_rsquo~s death caused worldwide hysteria, with several women reportedly committing suicide and riots breaking out in New York as thousands of fans tried to view the body. In 2003 Emily Leider authored "Dark Lover: The Life and Death of Rudolph Valentino."
    (AP, 8/23/97)(HN, 8/23/98)(HNPD, 8/29/98)(SFC, 6/16/03, p.D1)

1926        Aug 25,  Pavlos Kountouriotis became president of Greece.
    (www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/FWWpavlos.htm)
1926        Aug 25, Thomas Moran (b.1837), English-born American painter, died. His paintings of Yellowstone helped persuade Congress to designate it a national park. Moran painted "The Valley of the Cuernavaca." The painting was stolen around 1975 from the National Museum of American Art in Washington DC. It was recovered in 1995 at an auction house not far from the museum. Moran was best known for works on the Grand Canyon and Yellowstone National Park. Steven Good in Denver compiled a catalogue raisonne on Moran and verified the above work.
    (WSJ, 5/11/95, p. A-14)(SFC,10/15/97, p.D3)

1926        Sep 8, The League of Nations Assembly voted unanimously to admit Germany.
    (MC, 9/8/01)

1926        Sep 9, The National Broadcasting Co. (NBC) was incorporated by the Radio Corporation of America, which had originated as Marconi Wireless.
    (AP, 9/9/08)(SFC, 8/2/99, p.B3)

1926        Aug 6, American Olympic gold medalist Gertrude "Trudy" Ederle became the 1st woman to swim the English Channel. Before setting out from Cap Griz-Nez, France, at 7:09 a.m., Ederle coated her body with layers of lard and petroleum jelly to insulate her from the cold waters. On that day, the sea was so rough that steamship crossings had been cancelled, but Ederle swam on in spite of being buffeted by waves and plagued by seasickness. She reached Dover at 9:40 p.m., August 6, after swimming the Channel in 14 hours and 39 minutes. This time broke the existing world record of 21 hours and 45 minutes set by British Navy Captain Matthew Webb in 1875. [see Sep 11,1951]
    (AP, 8/6/97)(HNQ, 7/31/98)(HNPD, 8/30/98)

1926        Sep 15, Bobby Short, singer and pianist, was born.
    (HN, 9/15/00)

1926        Sep 16, John Knowles, writer, was born. His work included "A Separate Peace."
    (HN, 9/16/00)

1926        Sep 18, A hurricane hit South Florida killing about 400 people and leaving some 50,000 homeless. The category 4 storm became known as the Great Miami Hurricane.
    (Econ, 12/20/08, p.116)(Econ, 6/15/13, p.27)

1926        Sep 21, San Francisco held a benefit to raise money for victims of a Sep 17 Florida hurricane that killed 374-600 people.
    (SFC, 9/21/01, WB p.5)

1926        Sep 23, John Coltrane, influential jazz saxophonist, was born..
    (HN, 9/23/00)
1926        Sep 23, Gene Tunney (1897-1978), an ex-marine, defeated Jack Dempsey for the World Heavyweight Boxing championship in Philadelphia. Tunney defeated Dempsey again in a 1927 rematch and retired undefeated in 1928. In 2006 Jack Cavanaugh authored ~ez_ldquo~Tunney: Boxing~ez_rsquo~s Brainiest Champ and His Upset of the Great Jack Dempsey.~ez_rdquo~
    (Smith., 5/95, p.12)(SFC, 10/19/99, p.A22)(WSJ, 11/17/06, p.W6)

1926        Sep 25, Henry Ford announced 8 hour, 5 day work week.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)(MC, 9/25/01)
1926        Sep 25, The Convention to Suppress the Slave Trade and Slavery, an international treaty created under the auspices of the League of Nations, was first signed in Geneva to be effective March 9, 1927.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1926_Slavery_Convention)

1926        Oct 1, In California 5 gasoline distribution companies announced they would lower the price of gasoline to 18 cents a gallon to compete with the Richfield Oil Co., which cut its price to 19 cents.
    (SFC, 9/28/01, WB p.6)

1926        Oct 3, The NY Yankees defeated the St. Louis Cardinals in the 1st game of this years~ez_rsquo~ baseball World Series.
    (SFC, 9/28/01, WB p.6)

1926        Oct 5, Gottfried Michael Koenig, composer, was born.
    (MC, 10/5/01)

1926        Oct 7, Emil Kraepelin (b.1856), German psychiatrist, died. He co-discovered Alzheimer~ez_rsquo~s disease along with Alois Alzheimer. The final edition of his Textbook of Psychiatry was published in 1927, shortly after his death.
    (Econ, 5/26/12, p.81)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emil_Kraepelin)

1926        Oct 8, Cesar Milstein, molecular biologist, was born.
    (HN, 10/8/00)
1926        Oct 8, Physicist Julius Lilienfield filed a US patent application titled "Method and Apparatus for Controlling Electric Currents.~ez_rdquo~ This proposed the use of semiconductors for switching and amplification purposes. He was awarded US patent 1,745,175 on Jan 28, 1930.
    (Econ, 8/20/11, p.72)(www.jmargolin.com/history/1745175.pdf)

1926        Oct 9, NBC (National Broadcasting Corporation) formed. [see Sep 9]
    (MC, 10/9/01)

1926        Oct 11, Walter Swanson, Michael Petrovich and John Duane were murdered. Clarence "Buck" Kelly was hanged at San Quentin Prison for the murders on May 12, 1928.
    (SFC, 5/9/03, p.E5)

1926        Oct 13, Ray Brown (d.2002), jazz bass player, was born in Pittsburgh.
    (HN, 10/13/00)(SFC, 7/4/02, p.A21)

1926        Oct 14, Son Thomas, blues guitarist and singer, was born.
    (HN, 10/14/00)
1926        Oct 14, The book "Winnie-the-Pooh" by Alan Alexander Milne (d.1956)  was released. Milne wrote this and other stories, centering the tales around his little son, Christopher Robin, and Christopher's stuffed animals, like the honey-loving Pooh Bear, Eeyore (the donkey), Piglet and Tigger. The geography was based on real places in 14,000 acres of Ashdown Forest, in the northwest corner of East Sussex, England.
    (Hem., 8/96, p.107)(MC, 10/14/01)

1926        Oct 15, Evan Hunter, [Ed McBain], American writer (Blackboard Jungle), was born.
    (MC, 10/15/01)
1926        Oct 15, Karl Richter, composer and conductor, was born.
    (MC, 10/15/01)

1926        Oct 16, Mohammed Nadir Khan began a coup in Afghanistan and 1200 were killed.
    (MC, 10/16/01)
1926        Oct 16, A troop ship sank in the Yangtze River killing 1,200.
    (MC, 10/16/01)

1926        Oct 18, Chuck Berry, rock ~ez_lsquo~n~ez_rsquo~ roll star, famous for Johnny B. Goode, was born.
    (HN, 10/18/98)
1926        Oct 18, Klaus Kinski, [Nikolas Naksynski], actor (Little Drummer Girl, Nosferatu), was born in Poland.
    (MC, 10/18/01)
1926        Oct 18, George C. Scott, actor (Patton, Bible, Taps, Hardcore), was born in Wise, Va.
    (MC, 10/18/01)
1926        Oct 18, Ntozake Shange (Paulette Williams), poet, playwright and novelist, was born.
    (HN, 10/18/01)
1926        Oct 18, Frankfurter Zeitung published Lenin's (d.1924) political testament.
    (MC, 10/18/01)

1926        Oct 19, John C. Garand patented a semi-automatic rifle.
    (MC, 10/19/01)
1926        Oct 19, Russian Politburo threw out Leon Trotsky and his followers.
    (MC, 10/19/01)

1926        Oct 20, A hurricane in Cuba killed 600.
    (MC, 10/20/01)

1926        Oct 24, Charlie Russell (b.1864), Western artist, died in Great Falls, Montana. He produced some 4,000 works of art including a 12-by-25 foot ~ez_ldquo~Lewis and Clark Meeting Indians at Ross~ez_rsquo~ Hole,~ez_rdquo~ which was hung in Montana~ez_rsquo~s Capitol.
    (Arch, 7/02, p.6)(www.globalgallery.com)(WSJ, 3/16/06, p.A1)

1926        Oct 25, Galina Vishnevskaya, soprano (Madame Butterfly), was born in Leningrad.
    (MC, 10/25/01)

1926        Oct 29, Another bomb exploded at SS Peter and Paul~ez_rsquo~s Catholic Church on Filbert St. It was the 3rd in less than a year and the most powerful to date.
    (SFC, 10/26/01, WB p.7)(SFC, 11/22/14, p.C1)
1926        Oct 29, Jonathan Stewart Vickers, tenor, was born in Prince Albert, Canada.
    (MC, 10/29/01)

1926        Oct 30, Marvin A. Clark of Tigard, Ore., went missing during a visit to Portland. In 1986 loggers discovered the remains of a man along with some personal effects that included a revolver and an expended .32 caliber bullet. Medical examiners ruled the man~ez_rsquo~s death a suicide and in 2014 DNA evidence was checked to verify if the man was Clark.
    (SFC, 5/1/14, p.A10)

1926        Oct 31, Magician Harry Houdini died in Detroit of gangrene and peritonitis resulting from a ruptured appendix.
    (AP, 10/31/97)

1926        Nov 2, Air Commerce Act was passed providing federal aid for airlines and airports.
    (HN, 11/2/98)

1926            Nov 3, Annie Oakley (b.1860), US sharp shooting star, died at Greenville, Ohio. Chief Sitting Bull nicknamed her ~ez_ldquo~Little Miss Sure Shot~ez_rdquo~ when she was a member of Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show.
    (www.lkwdpl.org/wihohio/oakl-ann.htm)

1926        Nov 5, Webster Edgerly (b.1852), head of the New Jersey-based Ralston Health movement and co-founder of Ralston Purina, died.
    (Arch, 5/04, p.35)

1926        Nov 7, Joan Sutherland, operatic singer, was born in Sydney, Australia. She retired in 1990 and in 1998 published her autobiography.
    (WSJ, 3/25/98, p.A20)(HN, 11/7/98)(MC, 11/7/01)

1926        Nov 8, George Gershwin's musical "Oh, Kay," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 11/8/01)

1956        Nov 10, Gene de Paul's and John Meyer's musical "Li'l Abner," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 11/10/01)
1956        Nov 10, Billie Holiday returned to the New York City stage at Carnegie Hall after a three-year absence.
    (MC, 11/10/01)

1926        Nov 11, Pres. Calvin Coolidge dedicated the Liberty Memorial in Kansas City, Mo., in honor of those who died in WW I.
    (SSFC, 11/12/06, p.G6)(http://tinyurl.com/wz55k)

1926        Nov 15, The National Broadcasting Co. debuted with a radio network of 24 stations.
    (AP, 11/15/97)

1926        Nov 17, George Sterling (d.1926), California poet and critic, committed suicide by swallowed cyanide in the locker room of the Bohemian Club on Taylor Street in SF. His wife had committed suicide by poison in 1918.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Sterling)(SFC, 11/16/01, WB p.G4)

1926        Nov 19, Trotsky and Zinoviev were expelled from Politburo in the USSR.
    (HN, 11/19/98)

1926        Nov 21, In Lithuania nationalistic students organized an illegal march to protest the liberal government~ez_rsquo~s soft policy on communists and other perceived provocateurs.
    (DrEE, 10/12/96, p.3)

1926        Nov 23, Noel Coward's "This Was a Man," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 11/23/01)

1926        Nov 25, Poul [William] Anderson, American sci-fi author (7 Hugos, Mirkheim), was born.
    (MC, 11/25/01)

1926        Nov 27, Restoration of Williamsburg, Virginia, began.
    (MC, 11/27/01)

1926        Nov 29, W. Somerset Maugham's "Constant Wife" premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 11/29/01)

1926        Dec 3, British reports claimed that German soldiers were being trained in the USSR.
    (HN, 12/3/98)

1926        Dec 5, Sergei Eisenstein's "Battleship Potemkin," debuted.
    (MC, 12/5/01)
1926        Dec 5, Claude [Oscar] Monet (b.1840), French painter (impressionist), died at Giverny, where he~ez_rsquo~d painted since 1883. Monet was one of the original proponents of Impressionism and--despite failing eyesight--painted fervently until his death. He was born in Paris, but grew up observing nature on the Normandy coast near Le Havre. While studying under Charles Gleyre, Monet met fellow students Fridiric Bazille, Pierre-Auguste Renoir and Alfred Sisley. They broke with their teacher and his conventions of painting that included, among other traditions, the painting of outdoor landscapes in a studio. Although he began to experiment with "series" in the late 1870s, his trademark method only appeared in earnest in the 1890s. This involved a series of paintings of the same subject under different lighting and weather conditions. Monet remained committed to Impressionism long after many of his contemporaries had abandoned the style. In 2006 over 1000 letters to Monet were auctioned.
    (SSFC, 5/20/01, p.T8)(HNQ, 5/25/01)(SFC, 12/9/06, p.E2)

1926        Dec 7, Victor Kermit Kiam II CEO (Remington shavers), NFL owner (Patriots), was born.
    (MC, 12/7/01)
1926        Dec 7, A gas refrigerator was patented.
    (MC, 12/7/01)

1926        Dec 10, Part 2 of Hitler's Mein Kampf was published.
    (MC, 12/10/01)
1926        Dec 10, Nikola Pasic (b.1845),  a Serbian and Yugoslav politician and diplomat, died. He served several times PM of the Kingdom of Serbia (1891~ez_ndash~92, 1904~ez_ndash~05, 1906~ez_ndash~08, 1909~ez_ndash~11, 1912~ez_ndash~18) and PM of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia (1918, 1921~ez_ndash~24, 1924~ez_ndash~26).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nikola_Pa%C5%A1i%C4%87)

1926        Dec 11, Willie "Big Mama" Thornton, blues singer, was born.
    (HN, 12/11/98)

1926        Dec 14, Theo van Rysselberghe (64), Belgian painter (pointillism), died.
    (MC, 12/14/01)

1926        Dec17, The military right-wing opposition executed a coup d~ez_rsquo~etat in Lithuania and a dictatorship was established under Antanas Smetona, who remained president until the country was annexed by the USSR in 1940.
    (Compuserve, Online Encyclopedia)(DrEE, 10/5/96, p.5)

1926        Dec 19, Former Lithuanian Pres. Aleksandras Stulginskis served for a few hours as acting president, the 5th president of Lithuania, following a coup that returned Antanas Smetona (1874-1944) to office.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aleksandras_Stulginskis)

1926        Dec 23, Robert Bly, American poet, editor, translator (Loving a Woman in 2 Worlds), was born.
    (MC, 12/23/01)

1926        Dec 25, Hirohito became emperor of Japan, succeeding his father, Emperor Yoshihito (Hirohito was formally enthroned almost two years later). This marked the beginning of the Showa Period (1926-1989).
    (AP, 12/25/97)(Jap. Enc., BLDM, p. 216)

1926        Dec 29, Germany and Italy signed an arbitration treaty.
    (HN, 12/29/98)
1926        Dec 29, Rainer M. Rilke (51), Austrian songwriter and writer (Wise Queen), died.
    (MC, 12/29/01)

1926        Fidel Castro, leader of Cuba, was born.
    (SFEC, 10/13/96, p.A18)

1926        Karel Reisz (d.2002), film director, was born in Ostrava, Czechoslovakia. He fled Nazi occupation in 1938. His film career began in Britain and moved on to Hollywood where his work included "The French Lieutenant~ez_rsquo~s Woman."
    (SFC, 11/28/02, p.A30)

1926        California poet Lew Welch was born.
    (SFC, 12/9/03, p.D1)

1926        Guy Pene du Bois painted "Opera Box."
    (WSJ, 4/9/98, p.A21)

1926        Otto Dix painted the portrait "The Journalist Sylvia von Hardin."
    (WSJ, 2/3/00, p.A24)

1926        Alberto Giacometti began his sculpture "Spoon Woman" -finished in 1927.
    (SFEM, 11/24/96, p.62)

1926        Arshile Gorky began painting "The Artist and His Mother." The painting took ten years and was based on a photograph taken in Armenia in 1912, not long before his mother died of starvation.
    (WSJ, 4/9/98, p.A21)

1926        Charles Demuth (1883-1935), American painter and illustrator, made a watercolor still life.
    (WUD, 1994, p.385)(SFEM, 6/29/97, p.4)

1926        Sargent Johnson (1888-1967), African-American artist in SF, made his copper piece "Mask of a Girl."
    (SFEC, 4/12/98, DB p.43)

1926        Rene Magritte painted "The Desert Catapult." The work exhibited the influence of de Chirico with the shadow of an unseen figure in the picture.
    (SFC, 5/4/00, p.B5)

1926        Matisse painted "Odalisque." He produced more than 50 harem nudes between 1919 and 1929, a period where he spent winters by the seaside in Nice. (WSJ, 12/11/97, p.A21)

1926        Georgia O~ez_rsquo~Keeffe painted "Abstraction."
    (WSJ, 4/9/98, p.A21)

1926        Newell Convers Wyeth created his painting ~ez_ldquo~The Duel on the Beach.~ez_rdquo~ In 2012 it sold at auction for $1.1 million.
    (SSFC, 12/9/12, p.A1)

1926        The first "Dictionary of American Biography" was published under the auspices of American Council of Learned Societies. Only the dead were eligible for inclusion and revisions were published periodically. A new effort was proposed in 1986 and appeared in 1999 as the new "American National Biography."
    (WSJ, 5/5/99, p.A20)
1926        An educational textbook on California was titled ~ez_ldquo~Seeing California.~ez_rdquo~ It featured Mr. Magic Carpet showing students the wonders of the Golden State.
    (SFC, 6/28/11, p.E1)
1926        Sir Arthur Stanley Eddington wrote "The Internal Constitution of the Stars."
    (Nat. Hist., 4/96, p.69)
1926        Sir Gerald Ellison authored "The Perils of Amateur Strategy." It was about the disastrous allied campaign at Gallipoli during World War I.
    (AP, 11/18/06)
1926        H.W. Fowler wrote his "Dictionary of Modern English Usage."
    (WSJ, 12/2/96, p.A16)
1926        Sigmund Freud authored "Inhibitions, Symptoms, Anxiety."
    (WSJ, 5/5/06, p.A16)
1926        Sidney Kelly (d.2001 at 92), published his 1st Blue Book of Motor Car Values. It was based on a list begun by his brother Leslie Kelly.
    (SFC, 12/8/01, p.A23)
1926        Paul de Kruif authored "Microbe Hunters."
    (ON, 12/00, p.11)
1926        Nozaki Nobuchika, Japanese scholar, authored ~ez_ldquo~Explanatory Notes on Auspicious Designs,~ez_rdquo~ a work on the symbolism of Chinese art.
    (WSJ, 11/22/06, p.D8)
1926        Arthur Schnitzler of Austria authored his novel "Traumovelle." English versions were called "Dream Story" or "Rhapsody." It was the basis for the 1999 Kubrick film "Eyes Wide Shut."
    (SFC, 7/24/99, p.B1)
1926        Konstantin Stanislavsky of the Moscow Art Theater authored "An Actor Prepares," which codified his famous "Method" for actors.
    (SFC, 12/28/99, p.C4)
1926        Vladimir Vernadsky, Russian geochemist, published his book: "The Biosphere." He picks up the term from Swiss geologist Eduard Suess, who coined the term in the 19th century in a monograph about the Alps.
    (NOHY, Weiner, 3/90, p.3,243)
1926        Hemingway published "The Sun Also Rises."
    (TMC, 1994, p.1926)
1926        Virginia Woolf, writer, and Roger Fry, art critic, assembled the book "Victorian Photographs of Famous Men and Fair Women," which featured the work of photographer Julia Margaret Cameron.
    (SFEM, 9/19/99, p.84)

1926        The play "Chicago" was written. It was made into a film in 1942 and a musical in 1975.
    (WSJ, 11/15/96, p.A14)
1926        Actress Mae West starred in the Broadway play ~ez_ldquo~Sex.~ez_rdquo~ The comedy-drama "Sex" caused a scandal and police closed it down in 1927 after 375 performances.
    (WSJ, 11/18/06, p.P10)(SSFC, 4/15/01, DB p.35)(SFC, 6/24/02, p.D2)

1926        Eva Le Gallienne (1899-1996) founded the Le Gallienne Civic Repertory Theatre in Greenwich Village and staged "The Master Builder" in the first season.
    (SFC, 10/16/96, E5)

1926        Eugene O~ez_rsquo~Neill wrote his play "The Great God Brown." It was about a failed artist soured by life and trapped in marriage.
    (WSJ, 9/3/98, p.A16)

1926        George Antheil composed "Ballet Mecanique." It was originally meant to accompany an abstract film by Man Rey, Fernand Leger, and Dudley Murphy, but the score was twice as long as the film.
    (SFEC, 6/4/00, p.37)

1926        Martha Graham (d.1991) gave her 1st solo concert as a dancer and choreographer. She continue to perform until 1970.
    (WSJ, 6/4/02, p.D7)

1926        Bela Bartok composed a Piano Sonata.
    (SFEC, 10/13/96, BR p.4)

1926        Berg~ez_rsquo~s "Wozzeck" was premiered at the Berlin State Opera.
    (SFC, 10/19/96, A22)

1926        Alban Berg composed his six-part "Lyric Suite." It was later deciphered as a love letter to his mistress written in musical code.
    (WSJ, 6/16/98, p.A17)

1926        Irving Berlin wrote his tune ~ez_ldquo~Blue Skies.~ez_rdquo~
    (MT, Fall/99, p.24)

1926        Leos Janacek (1854- 1928) composed his opera "The Makropulos Case."
    (WSJ, 1/3/96, p.A-7)(WSJ, 2/26/00, p.A20)

1926        Roy Turk wrote the hit song "Are You Lonesome Tonight."
    (WSJ, 2/2/00, p.W8)

1926        The SF Fairmont Hotel opened a 6,000-square-foot penthouse suite as a private residence, taking up the entire 8th floor. In 2007 it rented for $12,500 a night.
    (SSFC, 2/4/07, p.F1)

1926        Walter Gropius built the Bauhaus is Dessau, Germany. It became a monument to the Int'l. style.
    (SFC, 7/14/99, p.7)
1926        The Benbow Inn opened in Benbow, Ca. It was built by architect Albert Farr, famous for his Wolf House, the Jack London home in Glen Ellen.
    (SFEC, 4/13/97, p.T6)

1926        The Yiddish Folk Theater was built by L.N. Jaffe in New York~ez_rsquo~s Lower East Side.
    (NH, 11/96, p.22)

1926        The paddle-wheeled Delta Queen was built in California using a steel hull constructed in Britain. She first ran between Sacramento and SF. During WW II she was turned into a floating barracks for soldiers and as a ferry in the SF Bay. After that she was towed through the Panama Canal and up to her new home port in Cincinnati, Ohio, from where she made excursions on the Mississippi and Ohio Rivers.
    (Econ, 7/19/08, p.43)
1926        The Los Angeles Central Library was constructed.
    (Hem., Nov. ~ez_lsquo~95, p.77)
1926        The Antioch Bridge, a 21-foot wide span with a lift section for ships traveling up the San Joaquin River to Stockton, was constructed. It was the Bay Area~ez_rsquo~s first toll bridge.
    (SFC, 2/2/98, p.A16)
1926        The San Francisco Art Institute at 800 Chestnut St. was designed by Bakewell & Brown. An addition was built in 1970.
    (SSFC, 11/2/14, p.C2)
1926        In San Francisco the 10-storey Brocklebank Apartments were completed at 1000 Mason St. The suave chateau style structure was designed by Weeks and Day.
    (SSFC, 9/28/14, p.C2)
1926        In Woodside, Ca., Architect George Washington Smith built a 17,000 square-foot Spanish Colonial Revival home for copper baron Daniel C. Jackling. In 1984 Steve Jobs, co-founder of Apple Computer, bought the property. In 2004 Jobs was granted the right to tear the structure down if nobody agrees to move it within a year. In 2007 the state Supreme Court refused to let Jobs demolish the 30-room mansion.
    (SFC, 12/15/04, p.B3)(SFC, 4/27/07, p.B3)
1926        In San Francisco Nourse Auditorium, named after former school superintendent Jospeh P. Nourse, was built as part of the High School of Commerce.
    (SFC, 4/30/13, p.E4)
1926        On the SF, Ca., peninsula Skyline Blvd. reached down to La Honda Road.
    (Ind, 6/21/03, p.5A)
1926        San Mateo High School was constructed at Poplar and Delaware. In 2001 it was deemed seismically unfit and closed in May. Preservationists lost their battle to save it and demolition began Dec 13, 2002.
    (SFC, 5/19/01, p.A13)(SFC, 8/31/02, p.A19)(SFC, 12/14/02, p.A17)
1926        Oakland~ez_rsquo~s Bellevue social club began in a 3-storey Victorian on the shores of Lake Merritt as the Women~ez_rsquo~s Athletic Club. In the 1950s working women and Jewish women were allowed to join and membership opened to men in 1985. In 2006 it faced a declining membership and associated financial problems.
    (SFC, 9/29/06, p.B9)
1926        The Richmond Municipal Natatorium, a swimming pool, was built in Richmond, Ca., and became known as the Plunge. It closed in Aug, 2000, due to earthquake damage. The facility planned to reopen in 2009 following a $7 million renovation.
    (SFC, 6/17/03, p.D1)(SFC, 3/14/09, p.B1)
1926        The architectural firm of Wurster, Bernardi and Emmons was founded by William Wurster. Theodore Bernardi joined in 1934, and Donn Emmons joined in 1938.
    (SFC, 9/3/97, p.A20)
1926        The Key System launched the 276-foot Peralta ferry boat. It was the sister ship to the Yerba Buena and ran between Oakland and SF.
    (SFC, 12/26/98, p.A24)
1926        Edgar Wakefield McLellan purchased 61 acres in South San Francisco along El Camino for his floral business.
    (Ind, 7/6/02, 5A)
1926        Mattie Chandler was elected mayor of Richmond, Ca.
    (SFC, 7/6/01, WBb p.8)
1926        James L. Flood, son of "Bonanza King" James C. Flood, died and left an estate of $18 million. Constance Stearn (Constance May Flood), an alleged illegitimate daughter, petitioned the court for a daughter~ez_rsquo~s share in the estate. Her trial started Jul 20, 1931.
    (SMMB)
1926        In San Francisco the 8-storey apartment building at 2298 Pacific St., designed by architect Edward Eyestone Young, was completed.
    (SSFC, 12/11/11, p.C3)
1926        In SF the 12-floor apartment building at 2500 Steiner St., designed by Conrad Alfred Meussdorffer, was erected at a cost of some $500,000.
    (SFCM, 6/3/07, p.17)
1926        The SF Fairmont Hotel opened a 6,000-square-foot penthouse suite as a private residence, taking up the entire 8th floor. In 2007 it rented for $12,500 a night.
    (SSFC, 2/4/07, p.F1)
1926        In SF the 6-storey Adam Grant Building underwent extensive remodeling and expansion next door to 130 Bush. It was home to a dry goods manufacturer and wholesaler (Never Rip Overalls).
    (SFEC, 1/5/97, BR p.4)
1926        In SF the 6-storey Ben Hur apartment building was built at the corner of Hyde and Ellis.
    (SFC, 3/16/09, p.E10)
1926        In SF the 25-storey Hunter-Dulin building at 111 Sutter St., designed by NY architects Schultze and Weaver, was built on the old site of the Lick Hotel. It was the only Chateauesque/Romanesque design in the city. Fiction detective Sam Spade had his office on the 6th floor.
    (SSFM, 10/12/02, p.13)(SSFC, 7/10/11, p.D2)(http://tinyurl.com/68rn88y)
1926        In SF the 13-storey Castle Apartments at 823-829 Geary St., designed by C.O. Clausen, were built.
    (SSFC, 8/28/11, p.C2)
1926        In SF the Alhambra Theatre on Polk St. near Union opened. In 1988 it was tranformed from a multiplex to its original Moorish glory.
    (SFC, 2/12/98, p.E1)(SSFC, 6/16/13, DB p.46)
1926        In SF the Balboa movie theater was built in the Richmond District by Sam Levin.
    (SFCM, 10/5/03, p.6)
1926        In SF the Harding Theater was built on Alamo Square at Divisedero and Hayes. Developers in 2005 planned to raze it for condos and retail space. In 2008 a developer planned to restore much of the interior for commercial or entertainment purposes along with an adjacent 8-unit condo.
    (SFC, 1/14/05, p.F1)(SFC, 8/29/08, p.B1)
1926        In SF the Roosevelt Theater opened on 16th St. as a vaudeville house. The "Roosie" soon became a movie theater and was later renamed the York.
    (SFC, 5/29/00, p.A26)
1926        In San Francisco Mayor Rolph dedicated the new $2 million Relief Home on the site of the old facility. The main building at Laguna Honda was constructed. It was designed by architect John Reid Jr., brother-in-law of SF Mayor James Rolph. The new hospital was named the Laguna Honda Home in place of the former Almshouse.
    (SFC, 5/12/98, p.A17)(PI, 5/30/98, p.5A)(SFC, 8/26/08, p.B5)
1926        In SF the Royal Theater on Polk St. changed from a nickelodeon to a movie house.
    (SFC, 2/24/98, p.B5)
1926        In San Francisco the 4-storey Mangrum and Otter building, erected by a merchant of architectural tiles, was completed at 1235 Mission. The Moorish make-believe style was by architects Bliss and Fairweather.
    (SSFC, 3/9/14, p.C2)
1926        In SF Henry Doelger built 25 homes on 39th Ave., his first year in business.
    (GTP, 1973, p.108)
1926        In SF George Whitney became general manager of Looff~ez_rsquo~s operations at the beach and the park became Whitney~ez_rsquo~s Playland-at-the-Beach. By 1942 he owned everything from Sutro Baths to Fulton St.
    (SSFC, 7/3/05, p.F6)(www.pdxhistory.com/html/playland.html)
1926        The President Hotel opened in downtown Kansas City, Mo. It was the first hotel in the city that could make its own ice. It re-opened in 2006 after being closed for 25 years.
    (SSFC, 11/12/06, p.G6)

1926        Queen Marie of Romania spoke at the dedication ceremony of the unfinished Maryhill Museum in Washington state. Sam Hill, railroad magnate, built a replica of Stonehenge as a monument to Klickitat County soldiers who lost their lives in the World War on the premises. His nearby mansion later became the Maryhill Museum of Art.
    (AM, 9/01, p.10)

1926        The town of Hana on Maui Island, Hawaii, was linked by road to the rest of Maui.
    (SFEC, 9/8/96, p.T8)

1926        Ira Gershwin married Leonore Strunsky.
    (SFC, 12/4/96, p.E3)

1926        Monroe Boston Strause, the Pie King, made the first chiffon pie.
    (SFC,1/22/97, zz-1 p.2)

1926        The American Eugenics Society was founded and supported the position that US upper classes were justified in their positions of wealth and power because of their genetic superiority.
    (V.D.-H.K.p.399)

1926        The US Rockefeller Foundation awarded $250,000 toward the creation of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Psychiatry in Germany.
    (SSFC, 11/9/03, p.D6)

1926        The Book of the Month Club was founded.
    (SFEC, 7/12/98, Par p.13)

1926        Carter G. Woodson launched Negro History Week.
    (Civilization, July-Aug, 1995, p. 37)

1926        Sinclair Lewis (1885-1951) refused to accept the Pulitzer Prize for fiction he was awarded for the novel "Arrowsmith," saying that awards made writers "safe, polite, obedient and sterile."
    (HNQ, 5/18/98)

1926        Johnny Miles (d.2003 at 97) of Canada won the Boston Marathon.
    (BS, 6/26/03, 7A)

1926        Samuel Ryder of Lancashire (d.1935), England, came up with the idea of biannual golf matches between the English and Americans. He made a lot of money selling penny-a-pack seeds. The Ryder Cup of golf is named after him.
    (SFC, 9/26/98, p.E4)

1926        Abe Saperstein created the Harlem Globetrotters, an all-black player basketball entertainment team.
    (SFC, 1/2/98, p.E3)

1926        Aristide Briand (d.1932), 11-time premier of France, won a Nobel Prize.
    (MC, 3/7/02)
1926        Johannes Fibiger won a Nobel Prize for supposedly finding the cause of cancer.
    (SFC, 10/8/01, p.A17)

1926        Calvin Coolidge gave a speech that included the oft quoted phrase: "The business of America is business." The speech actually starts out: "After all, the chief business of the American people is business... [and goes on to end with] Of course, the accumulation of wealth cannot be justified as the chief end of existence... So long as wealth is made the means and not the end, we need not greatly fear it."
    (WSJ, 4/3/96, p.A23)

1926        The US sent marines to Nicaragua to control a rebellion and stayed for seven years.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1926)

1926        The US Railway Labor Act was passed to protect vital transportation services against labor actions.
    (SFEC, 2/16/97, p.A1)

1926        The US Supreme Court allowed covenants in the private property market that specified the race of the purchaser. This was struck down in 1948.
    (Econ, 7/7/12, p.74)

1926        A federal law was passed that prohibited the commercial sale of bass gamefish.
    (SFEC, 9/28/97, Z1 p.2)

1926        The Florida land bubble burst following a severe hurricane. One Miami Beach business lot had reportedly surged in value from $800 to $150,000.
    (WSJ, 2/1/00, p.B1)

1926        In Chicago the Hawthorne Arms Hotel, headquarters for Al Capone, was machine-gunned by rival mobsters.
    (SFC, 5/1/98, p.A13)
1926        A collection of US roads from Chicago to Los Angeles were improved and formed what would be designated as US 66. It was later replaced by 3 interstates, I-55 in Illinois, I-44 in Missouri and Oklahoma, and I-40 to LA. Route 66 was decertified in 1985. In 2006 Arthur Krim authored ~ez_ldquo~Route 66: Iconography of the American Highway.~ez_rdquo~
    (WSJ, 6/17/06, p.P8)
1926        The town of Monsanto was founded in southeast Illinois by Monsanto Corp. as a tax and regulation-free dumping location. The name was changed to Sauget in the 1970s, after Leo Sauget, the first town president. The area was later identified as one of the most polluted communities in the region. In 1992 the rock band Uncle Tupelo produced the song ~ez_ldquo~Sauget Wind,~ez_rdquo~ which included the verse They~ez_rsquo~re poisoning the air / For personal wealth~ez_hellip~~ez_rdquo~
    (WSJ, 10/3/06, p.A1)
1926        The Aunt Jemima Mills Co. was purchased by the Quaker Oats Company of Chicago.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aunt_Jemima)

1926        U.S. Radium stopped processing radium at its Orange, NJ, facility. In 1983 the EPA put the 2-acre plant site on its Superfund national Priorities List. In2006 the EPA declared the site clean and that concerns over contaminated groundwater had been effectively addressed.
    (AH, 10/07, p.37)

1926        Coxon Pottery of Wooster, Ohio, began operations about this time and continued to 1930.
    (SFC, 10/4/06, p.G2)

1926        Walter P. Chrysler renamed Maxwell Chalmers to the Chrysler Corp.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)
1926        Frederic J. Fisher (1878-1941) and his brother Charles (1880-1963), founders of the Fisher Body Co., sold their operations to GM.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)
1926        Charles Stewart Mott (1875-1973) established a family foundation that focused on social enterprises around Flint, Mich. He had earlier sold the family~ez_rsquo~s wheel and axle business to General Motors and become its largest shareholder.
    (SFC, 6/16/08, p.B3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Stewart_Mott)
1926        GM opened a plant in Osaka, Japan.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)
1926        Firestone Tire and Rubber Co. created the world's largest plantation at Harbel, Liberia, and rubber became the backbone of the economy. Firestone had signed a 99-year concession agreement with the Liberian government in the 1920s to grow and export rubber.
    (AP, 7/1/03)(NG, Feb, 04)(AP, 10/30/09)

1926        The Isotta Fraschini Tipo 8A S. Roadster by Fleetwood was commissioned by Rudolph Valentino.
    (SFC, 7/21/96, p.D4)

1926        McKesson & Robbins was purchased by Girard & Co., a NY drug company run by Frank Donald Coster, for $1 million.
    (WSJ, 6/30/99, p.B1)

1926        Montgomery Ward opened its 1st store in Plymouth, Indiana.
    (WSJ, 12/29/00, p.A3)

1926        The Quaker Oats Co. bought the R.T. Davis Milling Co. along with the Aunt Jemima recipes and trademarks.
    (SFC,10/22/97, Z1 p.7)

1926        RCA organized the National Broadcasting Co.
    (WSJ, 11/4/99, p.B6)

1926        The Steel Products Co. was renamed Thompson Products, Inc., in honor of Charles E. Thompson.
    (F, 10/7/96, p.68)

1926        Tinsley Laboratories, a precision optics firm, was founded. In 1997 the company was acquired by Silicon Valley Group.
    (WSJ, 11/28/97, p.A8)

1926        Wyeth-Ayerst Laboratories was founded. [see Wyeth 1860]
    (SFC, 1/21/98, p.B2)

1926        AT&T Bell Labs scientists invented sound motion pictures.
    (WSJ, 9/22/95, p.A-7)

1926        Drs. George R. Minot, William P. Murphy and George H. Whipple cured pernicious anemia with liver extract. They won the 1934 Nobel Prize in Medicine and Physiology for this work.
    (Smith., May. 1995, p.14)

1926        The first spring-driven, pop-up toaster was introduced by Toastmaster.
    (SFEC, 6/20/99, Z1 p.8)(SFC, 4/26/00, Z1 p.5)

1926        Werner Heisenberg, German scientist, formulated his uncertainty principle. It stated that the precision of a time measurement is limited by the precision of a corresponding energy measurement. So the more accurately you try to measure the position of a particle, the less accurately you can measure its speed, and vice versa. This soon led Heisenberg, Erwin Schrodinger and Paul Dirac to reformulate mechanics into a new theory called quantum mechanics. The new field of quantum mechanics described matter on the scale of subatomic particles.
    (BHT, Hawking, p.55)(NH, 5/96, p.72)(Econ, 9/2/06, p.71)

1926        Erwin Schrodinger, Austrian physicist, generalized the original de Broglie idea and wrote down the wave-mechanical equation. He proved that the proper vibration frequencies of the electron waves surrounding the proton in a hydrogen atom coincide exactly with the energy levels as calculated on the basis of Bohr~ez_rsquo~s theory, which, in turn, coincided with the results of observation.
    (SCTS, p.61)

1926        Karl Prindle (d.1998 at 95) helped develop a moisture-proof version of cellophane while working for De Pont. He later invented the zip tape strip for opening anything sealed with cellophane.
    (SFC, 10/23/98, p.D7)

1926        Erik Rotheim of Norway invented the aerosol can.
    (SFEC, 1/17/99, Z1 p.1)

1926        Catharine Morris Cox, American psychologist, led a study to estimate the IQs of eminent people who live between 1450-1850. Her results were published in the "Genetic Studies of Genius."
    (SFEC, 10/31/99, Par p.6)

1926        F. Blom and O. La Farge first described the great Olmec ceremonial center of La Venta in the state of Tabasco, Mexico.
    (RFH-MDHP, p.241)

1926        Luther Burbank, Santa Rosa horticulturist, died at age 77.
    (SSFM, 4/29/01, p.11)

1926        Mary Cassatt (b.1845), artist, died in Paris.
    (WSJ, 11/5/98, p.A20)

1926        Eugene V. Debs died. Debs ran for president five separate times on the Socialist ticket from 1900 to 1920 twice earning close to a million votes. Debs an engaging and effective orator was a lifelong labor organizer and advocate. He became increasingly critical of traditional American politics in the 1890s. In 1898, two years after campaigning for Democratic-Populist presidential candidate William Jennings Bryan, Debs established the Socialist Party of America (although the name was not officially adopted until 1901). He garnered a little over 86,000 votes in the 1900 election, but surged to some 400,000 in 1904. In 1912, he earned about 900,000 votes~ez_mdash~almost 6% of the popular vote.  When he ran for the Socialists again in 1920 (having refused the nomination in 1916), he polled 915,000 votes, which was only 3.4% of the popular vote by then. He was also in prison, having been convicted of sedition under the 1917 Espionage Act. Released by presidential pardon in 1921.
    (HNQ, 11/1/00)

1926        Antoni Gaudi, eccentric architect, died. His work included the Sagrada Familia Church with its Torre del Nacimento (Tower of Birth) in Barcelona.
    (WSJ, 7/21/00, p.W12)

1926        Rudolph Valentino died.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1926)

1926         Albania and Italy signed the First Treaty of Tirana, which guaranteed Zogu's political position and Albania's boundaries.
    (www, Albania, 1998)

1926        In Azerbaijan the region~ez_rsquo~s 1st Turkology Congress convened in Baku to discuss the alphabet issue. They chose the Latin alphabet for all Turkic-speaking peoples by a 101-7 vote.
    (WSJ, 10/24/00, p.A12)

1926        The Bahamanian government transferred designation of Columbus~ez_rsquo~ landfall to Watling Island and renamed it San Salvador.
    (NH, 10/96, p.23)

1926        Sir Montagu Norman, governor of the Bank of England, got Britain back on the gold standard with help by a loan organized by Benjamin Strong, head of the US Federal Reserve of New York.
    (Econ, 1/10/09, p.73)
1926        A general strike was crushed by British authorities under PM Stanley Baldwin.
    (SFC, 11/29/99, p.A26)
1926        In Britain Agatha Christie, mystery writer, disappeared from her native Devon. Scotland Yard undertook a massive search and found her registered at the Old Swan Hotel in Harrogate. She had checked in as Nancy Neel, the name of her husband~ez_rsquo~s mistress, and was thought to be suffering from hysterical amnesia.
    (SFEC,10/26/97, p.T5)
1926        Britain~ez_rsquo~s Imperial Chemical Industries (ICI) was formed by the merger of four chemical companies and was a pioneer in the plastics industry.
    (Hem., 1/97, p.27)(http://tinyurl.com/3w5euy)
1926        In England Emma Alice Smith disappeared as she cycled between her home and a nearby railway station 83 years ago. She had worked as a servant in a large house near her home in the village of Waldron, about 60 miles (100 kilometers) south of London. Her disappearance remained unsolved, and her body missing, until 2007, when David Wright, the teenager's great-nephew, came forward to tell police about a confession, a long-held family secret. A confession by Emma Alice's sister, Lily, (d.1995) said a gentleman, on his deathbed sometime in 1952 to 1953, had confessed to killing her sister.
    (AP, 2/4/09)

1926        Arthur Meighen changed to the Conservative Party, and again served Canada as its 9th Prime Minister.
    (CFA, ~ez_lsquo~96, p.81)

1926        Chiang Kai-shek and his Nationalists tried to consolidate power in China.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1926)

1926        Publicis, a Paris-based advertising firm, was founded by Marcel Bleustein-Blanchet.
    (Econ, 12/10/11, p.71)

1926        J. Oswald of Freiburg, Germany, patented a moving eye mechanism for use in clock cases shaped like dogs, owls and turbaned women.
    (SFC, 1/23/08, p.G4)

1926        Nahdlatul Ulama (NU), a Muslim organization, was founded in Indonesia.
    (Econ, 12/11/04, p.41)

1926        The Tnuva Central Cooperative for the Marketing of Agricultural Produce in Israel was founded as a dairy cooperative. By 2006 it was Israel~ez_rsquo~s largest food concern.
    (WSJ, 10/4/06, p.A11)

1926        In Italy the primitive sleigh technique was used to haul Mussolini~ez_rsquo~s celebrated Monolith, from Carrara to the seaport for transport to Rome.
    (SFEC,10/19/97, p.T5)

1926        In Mexico the evangelical church "Light of the World" was founded by the father of Samuel Joaquin Flores.
    (SFC, 2/19/98, p.A8,10)

1926        In Peru the Museo Arqueologico Rafael Larco Herrera was founded in Lima by archeologist Rafael Larco Hoyle and named after his father.
    (SFEM, 4/13/97, p.16)

1926        Ataturk introduced a civil code in Turkey that ended the Muslim law allowing husbands to divorce their wives unilaterally.
    (Econ, 3/19/05, Survey p.10)
1926        A Turkish state code designated the husband as head of the family. The wife had no legal say in decisions concerning the home or children. Equal status was attained in 2001 and made effective Jan 1, 2002.
    (SFC, 11/23/01, p.A21)

1926        In Vietnam Ngo Van Chieu, a government official, founded Cao Dai, a religion that mixed elements of Buddhism, Taoism, Christianity, Islam and other religions. It was repressed by the communists after 1975. By 2008 restrictions were eased.
    (Econ, 4/26/08, SR p.5)

1926-1929    In the "Cristero Wars" several thousand Catholic lay people and priests were killed in Mexico for opposing landowning and political restrictions placed against the church.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cristero_War)(WSJ, 11/22/96, p.A12)

1926-1930    W.L. Mackenzie King, Liberal Party, again serves as the 10th Prime Minister of Canada.
    (CFA, ~ez_lsquo~96, p.81)

1926-1931    Joseph P. Kennedy spent these 5 years in the film business. In 2009 Cari Beauchamp authored ~ez_ldquo~Joseph Kennedy Presents: His Hollywood Years.~ez_rdquo~
    (WSJ, 2/6/09, p.A11)

1926-1935    Mark Sullivan wrote "Our Times," a six volume history of the century~ez_rsquo~s first quarter. The book was edited down to one volume by Dan Rather and associates in 1995 and released by Scribner~ez_rsquo~s as "Our Times: America at the Birth of the 20th Century."
    (WSJ, 12/15/95, p.A-16)

1926-1940    Three million divorces were legalized in the US.
    (SFEM, 6/28/98, p.40)

1926-1982    Cynthia Propper Seton, American writer: "In America, to look a couple of years younger than you actually are is not only an achievement for which you are to be congratulated, it is patriotic."
    (AP, 6/17/99)

-----------------------------------------
In 2013 Bill Bryson authored ~ez_ldquo~One Summer: America, 1927.~ez_rdquo~
    (SSFC, 10/27/13, p.F4)
---------------------------------------------

1927        Jan 7, Commercial transatlantic telephone service was inaugurated between New York and London.
    (AP, 1/7/98)

1927        Jan 9, In San Francisco another bomb exploded at SS Peter and Paul~ez_rsquo~s Catholic Church on Filbert St. It was the 4th in less than a year.
    (SFC, 11/22/14, p.C1)
1927        Jan 9, Fire in Laurier Palace cinema in Montreal killed 78 children.
    (MC, 1/9/02)

1927        Jan 12, U.S. Secretary of State Kellogg claimed that Mexican rebel Plutarco Calles was aiding the communist plot in Nicaragua.
    (HN, 1/12/99)

1927        Jan 13, A woman took a seat on the NY Stock Exchange breaking the all-male tradition.
    (HN, 1/13/99)

1927        Jan 14, Mary Livingstone (born as Sadye Marks) married Jack Benny. She appeared as Mary Livingstone on The Jack Benny Program (also called The Jack Benny Show ) through its various sponsors on radio and then to television--until 1965. Jack Benny, who cultivated a fake personality of a miserly wiseacre, was always willing to be the brunt of jokes and Mary supplied many of them. In fact, Benny credited his wife with the biggest laugh of the long-running comedy--bigger than the famous "Your money or your life" routine--not with a joke, but with three simple words: "Oh, shut up." They were married until his death in 1974. She wrote a memoir about him in 1978.
    (HNQ, 3/28/01)(www.accuracyproject.org/cbe-Benny,Jack.html)

1927        Jan 15, The Dumbarton Bridge (drawbridge) opened carrying the first auto traffic across the San Francisco bay.
    (HN, 1/15/99)(Ind, 5/23/00,14A)

1927        Jan 17, Eartha Kitt (d.2008), American singer and actress (Catwoman-Batman), was born in South Carolina.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eartha_Kitt)
1927        Jan 17, Juliette Gordon Low (b.1860), founder of the Girl Scouts (1912), died in Savannah, Georgia. In 2012 Stacy A. Cordery authored ~ez_ldquo~Juliette Gordon Low: The Remarkable Founder of the Girl Scouts.~ez_rdquo~
    (SSFC, 3/18/12, p.F4)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juliette_Gordon_Low)

1927        Jan 19, British government decided to send troops to China.
    (MC, 1/19/02)

1927        Jan 24, British expeditionary force of 12,000 was sent to China to protect concessions at Shanghai.
    (HN, 1/24/99)

1927        Jan 30, Olof Palme (d.1986), PM of Sweden (1969-76, 1982-86), was born in Stockholm.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Olof_Palme)

1927        Jan, Abdul Aziz became King of Hejaz, Nejd and its Dependencies (later Saudi Arabia).
    (www.rogersstudy.co.uk/hejaz/al_nahda/al_nahda.html)

1927        Feb 2, Stan Getz, jazz saxophonist, was born in Philadelphia.
    (SFC, 12/28/99, p.C4)

1927        Feb 8, Stanley Baker, actor (Concrete Jungle, Zorro, Zulu), was born in Ferndale, Wales.
    (MC, 2/8/02)

1927        Feb 10, (Mary Violet) Leontyne Price, opera singer, was born.
    (HN, 2/10/01)

1927        Feb 17, A fierce storm hit the Pacific Coast and the death toll reached 24 with some 3,000 left homeless.
    (SFC, 2/15/02, p.G8)

1927        Feb 18, The U.S. and Canada established diplomatic relations independently of Great Britain.
    (HN, 2/18/98)

1927        Feb 20, Sidney Poitier, American actor, was born. He became the first African American to win an Oscar for his role in "Lilies in the Field."
    (HN, 2/20/99)
1927        Feb 20, Roy Cohn, lawyer, "grand inquisitor" (for Sen Joseph McCarthy), was born.
    (MC, 2/20/02)
1927        Feb 20, Golfers in SC were arrested for violating Sabbath.
    (MC, 2/20/02)

1927        Feb 21, Erma Bombeck, author and humorist, was born. She became an American syndicated columnist whose column "At Wit's End" humorously dealt with life as a wife and mother. Her work included "The Grass is Always Greener Over the Septic Tank."
    (HN, 2/21/01)
1927        Feb 21, Hubert de Givenchy, fashion designer, was born in Beauvais, France.
    (MC, 2/21/02)
1927        Feb 21, Franz Lehar's opera "Zarewitsch," premiered.
    (MC, 2/21/02)

1927        Feb 23, President Coolidge signed the Radio Act, a bill creating the Federal Radio Commission, forerunner of the Federal Communications Commission (FCC). Commerce Secretary Herbert Hoover established the Federal Radio Commission to prevent interference among radio signals by allocating broadcast spectrum.
    (WSJ, 11/3/97, p.A20)(AP, 2/23/98)(Econ, 8/14/04, p.61)

1927        Feb 27, For the 2nd Sunday in a row golfers in SC were arrested for violating Sabbath.
    (MC, 2/27/02)

1927        Mar 1, Harry Belafonte, calypso singer (Buck and the Preacher), was born in Harlem, NYC.
    (SC, 3/1/02)
1927        Mar 1, Robert Heron Bork, judge, nominated for supreme court, was born.
    (SC, 3/1/02)
1927        Mar 1, Edward R. Bohner began serving as prohibition administrator for Northern California under National Prohibition Commissioner J.M. Doran. Bohner resigned June 18, 1929.
    (SFC, 6/18/04, p.F2)
1927        Mar 1, Bank of Italy became a National Bank. California~ez_rsquo~s laws prohibiting branch banking changed and A.P. Giannini consolidated his banking properties into the Bank of America of California.
    (SFC, 4/14/98, p.B4)(SC, 3/1/02)

1927        Mar 2, Babe Ruth (24) signed a 3-year contract with the New York Yankees for a guarantee of $70,000 a year, thus becoming baseball~ez_rsquo~s highest paid player.
    (HC, Internet, 2/3/98)(SFC, 10/13/99, p.E7)

1927        Mar 3, Nicolas Freeling, crime writer, was born.
    (HN, 3/3/01)

1927        Mar 5, Some 1,000 US marines landed in China to "protect American property."
    (MC, 3/5/02)

1927        Mar 6, Leroy Gordon Cooper Jr. (d.2004), USAF astronaut (Mer 9, Gem 5), was born in Shawnee, Okla.
    (SFC, 10/5/04, p.B7)
1927        Mar 6, Norman Treigle, bass-baritone (Mefistofele), was born in New Orleans, Louisiana.
    (MC, 3/6/02)
1927        Mar 6, A bomber of SS Peter and Paul Church on Filbert St., later identified as G. Ricca, was shot and killed as he made a 5th attempt to bomb the church. Accomplice Celsten Eklund was wounded and died a few months later. They were later believed to be followers of Italian anarchist Luigi Galleani.
    (SFC, 3/1/02, p.G8)(SFC, 11/22/14, p.C4)

1927        Mar 7, A Texas law that banned Negroes from voting was ruled unconstitutional by the Supreme Court.
    (HN, 3/7/98)
1927        Mar 7, Earthquake measuring 8 on Richter scale struck Tango, Japan.
    (MC, 3/7/02)

1927        Mar 10, Albania mobilized under the threat of Serbia, Croatia & Slovenes.
    (MC, 3/10/02)
1927        Mar 10, Prussia (Bavaria) lifted its Nazi ban, Hitler was allowed to speak in public.
    (HN, 3/10/98)(MC, 3/10/02)

1927        Mar 11, The 1st armored commercial car hold-up in US took place in Pittsburgh.
    (MC, 3/12/02)

1927        Mar 12, Yehudi Menuhin (11) made his Carnegie Hall debut playing the Beethoven Violin Concerto with the New York Symphony led by Fritz Busch.
    (SFC, 3/13/99, p.A9)

1927        Mar 16, Daniel Patrick Moynihan (d.2003), later NY Senator (1976-2000) and scholar, was born in Tulsa, Okla.
    (SFC, 3/27/03, p.A1)

1927        Mar 19, Bloody battles between Communists & Nazis took place in Berlin.
    (MC, 3/19/02)

1927        Mar 21, Kuomintang Army conquered Shanghai as British marines fled.
    (MC, 3/21/02)

1927        Mar 22, Federico Garcia Lorca's "El Maleficio," premiered in Madrid.
    (MC, 3/22/02)

1927        Mar 23, Captain Hawthorne Gray set a new balloon record soaring to 28,510 feet.
    (HN, 3/23/98)

1927        Mar 24, Chinese Communists seized Nanking and broke with Chiang Kai-shek over the Nationalist goals.
    (HN, 3/24/98)

1927        Mar 26, Alfred Hugenberg purchased German film company UFA.
    (SS, 3/26/02)
1927        Mar 26, Gaumont-British Film Corporation formed.
    (SS, 3/26/02)

1927        Mar 27, Mstislav Leopold Rostropovich, cellist, conductor, was born in Baku, Azerbaijan, USSR.
    (MC, 3/27/02)(Internet)

1927        Mar 28, Karl Prohaska (57), composer, died.
    (MC, 3/28/02)

1927        Mar 31, Cesar Chavez (d.1993), California union leader of agricultural workers (United Farm Workers), was born in Yuma, Az.
    (SFEC,10/19/97, p.C3)(SFC, 3/29/00, p.A3)(MC, 3/31/02)
1927        Mar 31, William Daniels, actor (Dr Mark Craig-St Elsewhere, 1776), was born in Brooklyn, NY.
    (MC, 3/31/02)

1927        Mar, J.W. Dunne (1875-1949), Irish engineer and author, published his essay ~ez_ldquo~An Experiment with Time~ez_rdquo~ on the subjects of precognition and the human experience of time. His theory suggested that in reality all time is eternally present, that is, that past, present and future are all happening together in some way. Human consciousness, however, experiences this simultaneity in linear form. It was very widely read, and his ideas were later promoted by several other authors, in particular by J. B. Priestley. Other books by J. W. Dunne are The Serial Universe, The New Immortality, and Nothing Dies.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/An_Experiment_with_Time)

1927        Apr 1,  The first automatic record changer was introduced by His Master's Voice.
    (OTD)

1927        Apr 5, Johnny Weissmuller set records in 100 and 200 m. free style.
    (MC, 4/5/02)

1927        Apr 6, Gerry Mulligan, jazz saxophonist, was born.
    (HN, 4/6/01)

1927        Apr 7, Secretary of Commerce Herbert Hoover was on hand for the first inter-city (DC to Manhattan) transmission by telephone of video imagery. Hoover~ez_rsquo~s image and voice were transmitted across telephone lines.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1927_in_television)(AH, 4/07, p.14)

1927        Apr 9, In SF the new Princess Apartments at Turk and Hyde offered a Kelvinator electric refrigerator in every apartment. They were run from a central unit in the basement.
    (SFC, 4/5/02, p.G2)

1927        Apr 12, The British Cabinet came out in favor of women voting rights.
    (HN, 4/12/98)
1927        Apr 12, Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek began a counter revolution in Shanghai.
    (MC, 4/12/02)

1927        Apr 14, In California lobbyist Harry Hill (b.1880) shot and killed Marybelle Wallace, who had spurned his romantic advances. Hill, a Sacramento lobbyist, then shot and killed himself. Wallace was an employee of Sen. Lyon.
    (Sacramento Bee, 4/15/27, p.1,30)(http://tinyurl.com/by6o9t3)

1927        Apr 15, Babe Ruth hit his 1st of 60 HRs of season off A's Howard Ehmke.
    (MC, 4/15/02)
1927        Apr 15, Francesco Gaeta (47), Italian poet (Di Giacomo), died.
    (MC, 4/15/02)

1927        Apr 16, Joseph Alois Ratzinger, later Pope Benedict XVI (2005), was born in Marktl am Inn, Bavaria, Germany.
    (WSJ, 11/25/06, p.A10)

1927        Apr 19, Rudolf Friml's "Vagabond King" opened in London.
    (MC, 4/19/02)
1927        Apr 19, In China, Hankow communists declared war on Chaing Kai-shek.
    (HN, 4/19/97)

1927        Apr 20, Alex Muller, Nobel Prize-winning physicist, was born.
    (HN, 4/20/01)

1927        Apr 21, Robert Brustein, dean, Yale School of Drama, was born in NYC.
    (MC, 4/21/02)

1927        Apr 26, US Navy officers Cmdr. Noel Davis and Lt. Stanton Wooster were killed when their aircraft crashed near New York while trying to take off with a huge load of fuel for a final test flight prior to an attempt to cross the Atlantic.
    (ON, 2/08, p.1)

1927        Apr 27, Coretta Scott King, civil rights activist, wife of Martin Luther King, Jr., was born.
    (HN, 4/27/98)
1927        Apr 27, Actress Mae West was released from jail after 10 days. She and the entire cast and producers of her Broadway play ~ez_ldquo~Sex~ez_rdquo~ had been thrown in jail. The 1926 Mae West comedy-drama "Sex" caused a scandal and police closed it down after 375 performances.
    (WSJ, 11/18/06, p.P10)(SSFC, 4/15/01, DB p.35)(SFC, 6/24/02, p.D2)

1927        Apr 29, Construction of the Spirit of St Louis was completed. B.F. Mahoney was the ~ez_lsquo~mystery man~ez_rsquo~ behind the Ryan Aeronautical Company that built Lindbergh~ez_rsquo~s Spirit of St. Louis. Engineer Donald Hall designed the $10,580 plane to carry 400 gallons of fuel.
    (HN, 4/29/98)(ON, 2/08, p.1)
1927        Apr 29, With concern that Mississippi flood waters could overflow the city of New Orleans the levee at Caernarvon, Louisiana, was dynamited downstream of the city, with the intention of increasing the speed of the river as it passed New Orleans and hence reducing the height of the anticipated flood wave.
    (www.rms.com/publications/1927_MississippiFlood.pdf)

1927        Apr 30, Princess Juliana got a seat in Dutch Council of State.
    (MC, 4/30/02)

1927        Apr, Blind Lemon Jefferson recorded Match Box Blues in Chicago on Okey Records.
    (http://tinyurl.com/kenpy7u)

1927        May 1, Adolf Hitler held the first Nazi meeting in Berlin.
    (HN, 5/1/98)

1927        May 4,    The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences was incorporated. [see May 11] Louis B. Mayer, Mayer and three of his guests ~ez_ndash~ actor Conrad Nagel, director Fred Niblo and producer Fred Beetson, had initiated discussions for the organization earlier in the year.
    (http://www.oscars.org/academy/history-organization/history.html)(AP, 5/4/97)
1927        May 4, The first balloon flight over 40,000 feet was made.
    (HN, 5/4/98)

1927        May 5, Dmitri Shostakovitch' 1st Symphony, premiered in Berlin.
    (MC, 5/5/02)

1927        May 8, Sister Miriam Teresa Demjanovich (b.1901), a New Jersey nun, died. In 2014 she was beatified for allegedly curing a boy~ez_rsquo~s macular degeneration.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Teresa_Demjanovich)(SFC, 10/5/14, p.A5)
1927        May 8, French pilots Charles Nungesser and Francois Coli took off from Paris in their airplane named L~ez_rsquo~Oiseau Blanc (the White Bird), in an attempt to cross the Atlantic. Pilots and plane vanished during the flight.
    (ON, 2/08, p.2)

1927        May 11, An official organizational banquet was held for the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences at the Biltmore Hotel. Of the 300 guests, 230 joined the Academy, paying $100 each. [see May 4] Douglas Fairbanks served as the first president.
    (http://www.oscars.org/academy/history-organization/history.html)(PCh, 1992, p.783)
1927        May 11, Henry Martyn Robert (90), (Robert's Rules of Order), died.
    (MC, 5/11/02)

1927        May 13, Clive Barnes, drama critic (NY Times, NY Post), was born.
    (MC, 5/13/02)
1927        May 13, Herbert Ross, director, choreographer (Footloose), was born.
    (MC, 5/13/02)
1927        May 13, "Black Friday" on Berlin Stock Exchange.
    (MC, 5/13/02)

1927        May 16, US Supreme Court ruled that bootleggers must pay income tax.
    (MC, 5/16/02)

1927        May 18, Impresario Sid Grauman opened his Chinese Theater in Hollywood, CA.
    (SFC, 11/5/98, p.E6)(SC, 5/18/02)
1927        May 18, The Ritz Hotel opened in Boston.
    (SC, 5/18/02)
1927        May 18, A schoolhouse in Bath, Mich., was blown up with explosives planted by local farmer Andrew Kehoe, who then set off a dynamite-laden automobile; the attacks killed 38 children and six adults, including Kehoe, who had earlier killed his wife.
    (AP, 5/18/07)
1927        May 18, "Slide Lake" in Gros Ventre, WY, collapsed.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1927        May 10, US aviator Charles Augustus Lindbergh (1902-1974) picked up his plane, ~ez_ldquo~The Spirit of St. Louis,~ez_rdquo~ in San Diego and flew it to St. Louis. The next day he continued to New York using railroad maps that he picked up in a drugstore for 50 cents each. The plane was powered by an air-cooled Whirlwind engine built by Ryan Aeronautical Company. Charles Fayette Taylor (1895-1996) worked on the engine design team. Taylor later authored "The Internal Combustion Engine in Theory and Practice."
    (WUD, 1994, p.832)(SFC, 6/23/96, Z1 p.2)(SFC, 6/30/96, p.B6)(ON, 2/08, p.2)

1927        May 20, Charles Lindbergh (25) took off from Roosevelt Field in Long Island, NY, at 7:40 AM aboard the Spirit of St. Louis on his historic solo flight to France. The Minnesota native had decided to compete for a $25,000 prize, offered in 1919 by Raymond Orteig, NY hotel owner, to the first pilot to complete the feat. The Spirit of St. Louis, was capable of flying 4,000 miles on 425 gallons of fuel. His greatest problems on the 33-hour, 30-minute flight were staying awake and keeping ice from forming on the airplane~ez_rsquo~s wings.
    (AP, 5/20/97)(HN, 5/20/98)(HNPD, 5/21/00)(USAW, 5/19/02, p.26)(ON, 2/08, p.1)
1927        May 20, Saudi Arabia became independent of Great Britain with the Treaty of Jedda.
    (MC, 5/20/02)

1927        May 21, Charles Lindbergh (Lucky Lindy) landed in Le Bourget Field in Paris after a 33.5-hour nonstop, first solo flight from Roosevelt Field on New York~ez_rsquo~s Long Island. In 1953 Lindbergh authored his memoir ~ez_ldquo~The Spirit of St. Louis.~ez_rdquo~
    (F, 10/7/96, p.68)(AP, 5/21/97)(SFC, 10/20/99, p.C10)(ON, 2/08, p.1)
1927        May 21, Dedication ceremonies were held for the Carquinez Bridge over the Sacramento River between Crocket and Vallejo, Ca. It had opened for traffic on May 21. The cantilever bridge was built by American Toll Bridge Co. A 2nd was added in 1958. The bridge was scheduled for demolition in 2004.
    (www.cocohistory.com/photos-bridges.html#GTPhoto3)(SFC, 6/24/02, p.B3)(SSFC, 11/9/03, p.A25)

1927        May 22, Peter Mathiessen, writer, was born.
    (HN, 5/22/01)
1927        cMay 22, Harlem dancer Shorty Snowden, during a dance marathon, named his dance step the Lindy Hop following the headlines "Lindy Hops the Atlantic."
    (WSJ, 5/7/99, p.W15)

1927        May 24, The final levee breach of the 1927 flood occurred at McCrea, Louisiana, on the east bank of the Atchafalaya levee. The flood along the Mississippi killed some 500 people and displaced thousands. The levee system broke in 145 places and caused 27,000 square miles of flooding in Arkansas, Illinois, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi and Tennessee. In 1997 the book "Rising Tide" by John M. Barry described the catastrophe. It was also the subject of the Randy Newman song "Louisiana 1927."
    (www.rms.com/publications/1927_MississippiFlood.pdf)(WSJ, 2/6/97, p.A12)(SFC, 11/28/03, p.C7)(SSFC, 9/4/05, p.A7)(WSJ, 11/2/05, p.A2)(Econ, 5/21/11, p.30)

1927        May 25, Robert Ludlum, spy novelist (Bourne Identity), was born in NYC.
    (SC, 5/25/02)
1927        May 25, Henry Ford stopped production of the Model T car and began the Model A.
    (SC, 5/25/02)

1927        May 26, Jacques Bergerac, actor (Gigi, Les Girls, Thunder in Sun), was born in France.
    (MC, 5/26/02)
1927        May 26, Ford Motor Company manufactured its 15 millionth Model T automobile.
    (MC, 5/26/02)

1927        May 27, The cargo steamer Indiana Harbor ran aground on the northern California Humboldt coast. Radio operator Joseph E. Croney remained at his post for 72 hours while the ship was pounded.
    (SFC, 8/29/03, p.E3)
1927        May 27, An earthquake in China~ez_rsquo~s Qinghai (Xining) Province left some 200,000 dead.
    (www.ig.utexas.edu/research/projects/eq/faq/world.htm)

1927        May 29, Dick Hillenius, Dutch biologist, writer, was born.
    (SC, 5/29/02)

1927        May, Grace Fryer (1893-1933) and 4 other former dial painters filed suit in the New Jersey Supreme Court against U.S. Radium for medical expenses and pain. They were dubbed the ~ez_ldquo~Radium Girls~ez_rdquo~ and their case was championed by journalist Walter Lippman. The case was settled out of court in 2008.
    (AH, 10/07, p.34)

1927        Jun 1, The Delta King steamboat made its maiden voyage from SF to Sacramento, Ca. Its twin, the Delta Queen, followed the next day. The 81-mile trip took nearly all night. Stan Garvey later authored "The King and Queen of the River." The last Sacramento River voyages were made in 1940. In 1969 Tom Horton (1940-2006), a columnist for the Sacramento Union, led a band of civic pirates to bring the languishing boat back from Stockton to Sacramento, where it was transformed to a waterfront hotel, theater and restaurant.
    (SSFC, 6/2/02, p.A18)

1927        Jun 2, Phillip Burton, historian (Vanishing Eagles), was born.
    (SC, 6/2/02)

1927        Jun 5, Johnny Weissmuller set his 100-yard & 200-yard free-style swim record.
    (MC, 6/5/02)

1927        Jun 8, Jerry Stiller, comedian (Frank Constanza-Seinfeld), was born in Brooklyn, NY.
    (MC, 6/8/02)

1927        Jun 11, Charles Lindbergh became the first man to be awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross. The medal was commissioned for any person who "while serving in the armed services, distinguished himself by heroism or extraordinary achievement while participating in aerial flight."
    (HNQ, 4/12/00)

1927        Jun 13, Charles Lindbergh received the first American Distinguished Flying Cross President from Pres. Calvin Coolidge and was treated to a ticker tape parade in New York City to celebrate his successful crossing of the Atlantic completed May 21, 1927.
    (AP, 6/13/97)(HN, 6/13/98)

1927        Jun 14, President Porfirio Diaz of Nicaragua signed a treaty with the U.S. allowing American intervention in his country.
    (HN, 6/14/98)

1927        Jun 21, Carl Stokes, the first black mayor of Cleveland, Ohio, was born.
    (HN, 6/21/98)

1927        Jun 23, Bob Fosse, choreographer and director, was born. He won Tonies for "Pippin" and "Damn Yankees," and an Oscar for "Cabaret."
    (HN, 6/23/99)

1927        Jun 26, Direct commercial radio service between the Philippines and the US was inaugurated with a message from Manila to SF.
    (SFC, 6/21/02, p.G2)

1927        Jun 27, Robert Casey, actor (Henry-Aldrich Family Show), was born in Rochester, NY.
    (SC, 6/27/02)
1927        Jun 27, Bob Keeshan, American television actor, was born. He is best known as "Captain Kangaroo," the longest running children's show, and Clarabelle on the "Howdy Doody Show."
    (HN, 6/27/99)
1927        Jun 27, The U.S. Marines adopted the English bulldog as their mascot.
    (HN, 6/27/98)

1927        Jun 30, James Goldman, author, playwright (Butch Cassidy & Sundance Kid), was born.
    (MC, 6/30/02)

1927        Jun, Clarence Birdseye, after years of experimentation, received a patent for packing fish, meat or vegetables into waxed cardboard containers, then flash-freezing them under pressure--reducing freezing time from 18 hours to 90 minutes. He was working in the Arctic as a U.S. government naturalist when he observed that ice, wind and extreme cold froze just-caught fish so quickly that, when cooked and eaten, the taste and texture was scarcely different from fresh fish. Birdseye realized the secret was to freeze foods quickly so that ice crystals could not form and damage the food's cell structure., Birdseye
    (HNPD, 12/9/98)
1927        Jun, Oil was discovered near Kirkuk, Iraq, the 1st commercial find in any Arab country. BP was a shareholder in the Iraqi Petroleum Company when it started drilling Iraq's first oil well at Baba Gurgur just north of the oil-rich province of Kirkuk.
    (SSFC, 4/13/03, p.E1)(AP, 10/17/09)

1927        Jul 2, Brock Peters, actor, singer (Carmen Jones, To Kill a Mockingbird), was born.
    (SC, 7/2/02)

1927        Jul 4, Neil Simon, American playwright, who wrote "The Odd Couple," was born.
    (HN, 7/4/98)

1927        Jul 6, Bill Haley, rock ~ez_lsquo~n~ez_rsquo~ roll pioneer, singer of "Rock Around the Clock," was born.
    (HN, 7/6/98)
1927        Jul 6, Janet Leigh (d.2004, film star, was born as Jeanette Helen Morrison in Merced, Ca. MGM named her Janet Leigh.
    (SFC, 10/5/04, p.A2)

1927        Jul 7, Doc Severinson, [Carl], bandleader, trumpeter (Tonight), was born in Arlington, Or.
    (MC, 7/7/02)
1927        Jul 7, Christopher Stone became the first British ~ez_lsquo~disc jockey~ez_rsquo~ when he played records for the BBC.
    (HN, 7/7/98)

1927        Jul 10, David Dinkins, first African-American mayor of New York City, was born.
    (HN, 7/10/98)

1927        Jul 11, Theodore H. Maiman, physicist, was born.
    (HN, 7/11/01)

1927        Jul 14, John William Chancellor, news anchor (NBC, VOA), was born in Chicago, Ill.
    (MC, 7/14/02)
1927        Jul 14, The Ahwahnee Hotel in Yosemite Valley opened. It was designed by Gilbert Stanley Underwood of Los Angeles.
    (SFEM, 10/12/97, p.39)

1927        Jul 16, Augusto Sandino began a 5-year war against the US occupation of Nicaragua.
    (MC, 7/16/02)

1927        Jul 18, Ty Cobb hit safely for the 4,000th time in his career.
    (AP, 7/18/97)
1927        Jul 18, Vasily Polenov (b.1844), Russian painter, died.
    (http://tinyurl.com/737kp)

1927        Jul 19, Jan Myrdal, Swedish writer, journalist (Albania Defiant), was born.
    (MC, 7/19/02)

1927        Jul 24, In Ypres, Belgium, the Menin Gate was unveiled. it built to honor the soldiers who died at the Ypres Salient front during WWI. The gate is inscribed with the names of 54,896 soldiers who died but have no graves.
    (SSFC, 11/7/10, p.M2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Menin_Gate)

1927        Jul 25, Midge Decter, writer and editor, was born.
    (HN, 7/25/02)

1927        Jul 28, John Ashbery, Pulitzer Prize-winning poet (Self-Portrait in a Convict's Mirror), was born.
    (HN, 7/28/01)
1927        Jul 28, Baruch Blumberg, physician, medical researcher, was born.
    (HN, 7/28/01)

1927        Jul 29, Bellevue Hospital in NY installed the 1st iron lung.
    (MC, 7/29/02)

1927        Aug 1, The Bristol Sessions, a series of historic recording sessions, took place in in Bristol, a small town on the Tennessee-Virginia state line, and helped spread what was then known as "hillbilly music" to the rest of the country. The Carter Family (A.P., wife Sara, and cousin Maybelle) came down from the mountains of Virginia and began recording their country style "hillbilly" music for Ralph Peel of the Victor Talking Machine Co. Peel had set up a makeshift studio in the Taylor-Christian Hat Co. warehouse on State Street, recording 76 songs in 10 days.  Jimmy Rogers (1898-1933) came from Mississippi to record. In 2002 Mark Zwonitzer and Charles Hirshberg authored "Will You Miss me When I~ez_rsquo~m Gone: The Carter Family and Their Legacy in American Music."
    (WSJ, 8/1/02, p.A1)(SSFC, 8/4/02, p.M3)(AP, 9/30/14)

1927        Aug 2, Four years after becoming president, Calvin Coolidge issued a written statement to reporters: "I do not choose to run for President in 1928."
    (AP, 8/2/08)

1927        Aug 3, Gordon Scott, actor (Tarzan & the Trappers), was born in Portland, Oregon.
    (SC, 8/3/02)
1927        Aug 3, Members of the West Virginia Univ. Botanical Expedition on a trip to Peters Mountain in Virginia, found wildflowers that were related to the Kankakee mallow, and named it the Peters Mountain mallow. [see 1872]
    (Nat. Hist., 3/96, p.57-58)

1927        Aug 4, Eugène Atget (b.1857) French photographer, died. He was noted for his photographs documenting the architecture and street scenes of Paris. An inspiration for the surrealists and other artists, his work only gained wide attention after his death.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eug%C3%A8ne_Atget)

1927        Aug 6, Andy Warhol, American pop artist, was born.
    (HN, 8/6/98)
1927        Aug 6, A Massachusetts high court heard the final plea from Sacco and Vanzetti, two Italians convicted of murder.
    (HN, 8/6/98)

1927        Aug 7, Edwin Edwards, governor of Louisiana (1972-1980, 1984-1988, 1992-1996), was born.
    (HN, 8/7/98)
1927        Aug 7, US Major General Leonard Wood (b.1860) died in Boston, Mass. His military service included commands in Cuba (1900-1902) and the Philippines 1905 and 1921-1927.  In 1910, he was named Chief of Staff of the Army, the only medical officer to ever hold the position. In 2005 Jack McCallum authored the biography ~ez_ldquo~Leonard Wood.~ez_rdquo~
    (www.wood.army.mil/MGLeonardwood.htm)
1927        Aug 7, Maia Wojciechowska (d.2002) was born in Warsaw. She moved to the US in 1942 and became an acclaimed author of children~ez_rsquo~s books. Her work included the memoir "Till the Break of Day: Memories, 1939-1942."
    (SFC, 7/1/02, p.B5)
1927        Aug 7, The Peace Bridge between the United States and Canada was dedicated during ceremonies attended by the Prince of Wales, Canadian PM William Lyon Mackenzie King and US Vice President Charles Dawes.
    (AP, 8/7/07)

1927        Aug 9, Robert Shaw, actor and writer, was born in England.
    (HN, 8/9/00)(MC, 8/9/02)

1927        Aug 10, Pres. Calvin Coolidge took part in the formal dedication of Mount Rushmore. Gutzon Borglum began work and the Mount Rushmore project was completed in 1941. When South Dakota officials invited Gutzon Borglum (1867-1941) to design a sculpture on the face of the Black Hills, he declared, "American history shall march along that skyline." Bor-glum~ez_rsquo~s son Lincoln (d.1986) led the completion of the project created by some 400 workers.
    (www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/texte/mount_rushmore.htm)(SSFC, 9/9/07, p.C4)(ON, 2/11, p.10)

1927        Aug 11, Raymond Leppard, conductor (St Louis Symphony Orch), was born in London, England.
    (MC, 8/11/02)

1927        Aug 12, Ralph Waite, actor (John-Waltons, Roots), was born in White Plains, NY.
    (SC, 8/12/02)

1927        Aug 17, Robert Moore, actor (Marshall-Diana), was born in Detroit, Mich.
    (SC, 8/17/02)

1927        Aug 18, Rosalynn Smith Carter, 1st lady (1977-1981), was born in Plains, Georgia.
    (MC, 8/18/02)

1927        Aug 21, The 4th Pan-African Congress met in NYC.
    (SC, 8/21/02)

1927        Aug 23, Italian-born anarchist immigrants Nicola Sacco (right) and Bartolomeo Vanzetti, convicted of murder in 1921, were executed in Boston in spite of worldwide protests. On April 15, 1920, a paymaster and his guard at a shoe factory in Braintree, Massachusetts, were killed in a robbery. In the national climate of suspicion of anarchists, communists and foreigners in general, Sacco and Vanzetti, two admitted radicals, were arrested for the crime and convicted on flimsy circumstantial evidence in a trial presided over by the openly prejudiced Judge Webster Thayer. For six years, the two gained support as they attempted to obtain a new trial, but their request was denied even after a convicted killer confessed to the 1920 murders. In April 1927, Judge Thayer sentenced Sacco and Vanzetti to die in the electric chair. In 1977 Sacco and Vanzetti were vindicated when Massachusetts Governor Michael Dukakis established a memorial in the victims~ez_rsquo~ honor. In 2007 Bruce Watson authored ~ez_ldquo~Sacco & Vanzetti.~ez_rdquo~
    (TMC, 1994, p.1927)(AP, 8/23/97)(HNPD, 8/23/98)(HN, 8/23/98)(WSJ, 8/18/07, p.P8)

1927        Aug 25, Althea Gibson (d.2003), Wimbledon's 1st black tennis champion (1957), was born in Silver, SC.
    (HN, 8/25/98)(WSJ, 9/29/03, p.A1)

1927        Aug 29, Marion Williams, gospel singer, was born.
    (HN, 8/29/00)

1927        Aug 30, Geoffrey Beene, dress designer (8 Coty Awards), was born in Louisiana.
    (MC, 8/30/01)

1927        Sep 3, Hugh Sidey, news correspondent and author of John F. Kennedy, President, was born.
    (HN, 9/3/98)

1927        Sep 7, American television pioneer Philo T. Farnsworth (21) succeeded in transmitting an image through purely electronic means by using a device called an image dissector. When Philo T. Farnsworth was 13, he envisioned a contraption that would receive an image transmitted from a remote location~ez_mdash~the television. Farnsworth submitted a patent in January 1927, when he was 19, and began building and testing his invention that summer. He used an "image dissector" (the first television camera tube) to convert the image into a current, and an "image oscillite" (picture tube) to receive it. On this day his tests bore fruit. When the simple image of a straight line was placed between the image dissector and a carbon arc lamp, it showed up clearly on the receiver in another room. His first tele-electronic image was transmitted on a glass slide in his SF lab at 202 Green St. The New York World~ez_rsquo~s Fair showcased the television in April 1939, and soon afterward, the first televisions went on sale to the public.
    (AP, 9/7/97)(HNPD, 9/7/98)(SFEC, 8/18/96, BR p.3)

1927        Sep 8, A woman arrived in SF from China and claimed to be Gen. Chiang Kai-shek~ez_rsquo~s wife, who declared that he had divorced his legal wife in 1921 and freed 2 concubines this year.
    (SFC, 9/20/02, p.E6)

1927        Sep 9, Elvin Jones (d.2004), jazz drummer, was born in Pontiac, Mich.
    (SFEC, 5/21/00, DB p.44)(SFC, 5/20/04, p.B8)

1927        Sep 10, Yma Sumac, [Chavarri], 5 octave soprano (Omar Khayyam), was born in Ichocan, Peru.
    (MC, 9/10/01)

1927        Sep 12, Sigmund Romberg's musical "My Maryland," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 9/12/01)

1927        Sep 14, Isadora Duncan (born in San Francisco in 1878), modern dance pioneer, died in Nice, France, when her scarf became entangled in a wheel of her sports car. A 1968 film with Vanessa Redgrave portrayed her life.
    (AP, 9/14/97)(WSJ, 2/20/98, p.A16)(SFC, 9/13/02, p.E2)

1927        Sep 17, George Blanda, NFL kicker and quarterback (Bears, Oilers, Raiders), was born in Pennsylvania.
    (MC, 9/17/01)

1927        Sep 18, The Columbia Phonograph Broadcasting System (later CBS) made its debut with a basic network of 16 radio stations.
    (AP, 9/18/97)

1927        Sep 20, NY Yankee Babe Ruth hit his record 60th HR of season off Tom Zachry. [see Sep 30]
    (MC, 9/20/01)

1927        Sep 22, Tommy Lasorda, manager of the Los Angeles Dodgers baseball team from 1975 to 1996, was born.
    (HN, 9/22/98)
1927        Sep 22, Gene Tunney successfully defended his heavyweight boxing title against Jack Dempsey in 10 rounds in the famous "long-count" fight in Chicago. Referee Dave Barry stopped his count in the 7th round. Boxer Gene Tunney was down; but Jack Dempsey, had not yet returned to his corner. By the time the ref was able to resume counting, Tunney was able to get to his feet. He got an extra 2 to 5 seconds....just what he needed. Tunney won the fight and retained his world heavyweight boxing championship.
    (http://tinyurl.com/4uqu9o5)(AP, 9/22/97)
1927        Sep 22, Giannotto Bastianelli, composer, died at 44.
    (MC, 9/22/01)

1927        Sep 27,  Red Rodney, trumpeter, was born.
    (HN, 9/27/00)

1927        Sep 30, W.S. Mervin, Pulitzer Prize-winning poet, was born.
    (HN, 9/30/00)
1927        Sep 30, Babe Ruth hit his 60th homerun of the season off Tom Zachary in Yankee Stadium, New York City, and broke his own major-league record.
    (AP, 9/30/97)(HN, 9/30/98)

1927        Oct 1, Tom Bosley, actor (Howard-Happy Days, Murder She Wrote), was born in Chicago.
    (MC, 10/1/01)

1927        Oct 2, Svante Arrhenius (b.1859), Swedish scientist and Nobel Prize winner in chemistry (1903), died in Uppsala. At the turn of the century, Svante Arrhenius had calculated that emissions from human industry might someday bring a global warming.
    (http://tinyurl.com/lxu4w)(www.aip.org/history/climate/co2.htm)

1927         Oct 6, The era of talking pictures arrived with the opening of "The Jazz Singer," starring Al Jolson singing and dancing in black-face. The movie featured both silent and sound-synchronized scenes. When The Jazz Singer, a musical about a Jewish cantor~ez_rsquo~s son who longs to sing on Broadway, premiered in New York, silent movies became history and the sound era began. The Jazz Singer is popularly believed to be the first talking picture, but technically, 1926~ez_rsquo~s Don Juan, with its use of a music track recorded on phonograph records synchronized to the film, predated the landmark musical. Originally, Warner Brothers Studio planned to record only the songs on disks while telling the story in silent sequences. Star Al Jolson, however, ad-libbed dialogue in two scenes and opened the talking-picture age with the prophetic words, "Wait a minute! Wait a minute! You ain~ez_rsquo~t heard nothin~ez_rsquo~ yet!" By 1930, silent movies were a thing of the past.
    (AP, 10/6/97)(HNPD, 10/6/98)(HN, 10/6/98)
1927        Oct 6, Paul Badura-Skoda, pianist (Mozart specialist), was born in Vienna, Austria.
    (MC, 10/6/01)

1927        Oct 14, Roger Moore, actor (Alaskans, Maverick, Saint, 007), was born in London, England.
    (MC, 10/14/01)

1927        Oct 16, Günter Grass, novelist, playwright, painter and sculptor, was born in Danzig, Germany. He is best known for his first novel  "The Tin Drum."
    (HN, 10/1/00)(MC, 10/16/01)

1927        Oct 18, George Campbell Scott (d.1999), later Hollywood actor, was born in Wise, Va. He grew up in Detroit and graduated from Redford High School.
    (SFC, 9/24/99, p.D2)

1927        Oct 19, Marjorie Tallchief, US-Osage ballerina (Harkness Ballet), was born. In 1997 Maria Tallchief wrote her memoir: "Maria Tallchief: America~ez_rsquo~s Prima Ballerina."
    (WSJ, 4/17/97, p.A20)(MC, 10/19/01)

1927        Oct 20, Mikhail Mikhaylovich Ivanov (78), composer, died.
    (MC, 10/20/01)

1927        Oct 24, Renato de Grandis, composer, was born.
    (MC, 10/24/01)

1927        Oct 26, Gustav Schickedanz (1895-1977) founded Quelle, a German mail-order business.
    (WSJ, 7/17/06, p.C8)(http://tinyurl.com/p7ypb)

1927        Oct 27, Ruby Dee, actress and civil rights activist who starred in the Broadway hit "South Pacific" and the movie "A Raisin in the Sun," was born.
    (HN, 10/27/98)
1927        Oct 27, Fox Movie-tone news, the first sound news film, was released.
    (HN, 10/27/98)

1927        Oct 28, Cleo Laine, actress and singer (Flesh to a Tiger), was born in Middlesex, England.
    (MC, 10/28/01)
1927        Oct 28, Pan Am Airways launched the first scheduled international flight. Pan Am was founded this year as a mail carrier to Havana by Juan Terry Trippe. In 2000 Barnaby Conrad III authored "Pan Am : An Aviation Legend."
    (HN, 10/28/98)(SFEM, 2/13/00, p.30)
1927        Oct 28, Josip Broz (Tito) began a 7 months jail sentence in Croatia.
    (MC, 10/28/01)

1927        Oct 29, In Fresno, Ca., Babe Ruth and Lou Gehrig led an exhibition baseball game as part of an 18-state tour to promote major league baseball.
    (SFC, 1/17/03, p.D3)
1927        Oct 29, Russian archaeologist Peter Kozloff uncovered the tomb of Genghis Khan in the Gobi Desert. Subotai was one of Genghis Khan's ablest lieutenants--and went on to distinguish himself after the khan's death.
    (HN, 10/29/98)

1927        Nov 2, In San Francisco prohibition agents raided a brewery at 1407 San Bruno Ave. with nearly 2,000 gallons of beer brewing in 4 500-gallon vats.
    (SFC, 11/1/02, p.E7)
1927        Nov 2, Vermont began experiencing 3 days of severe flooding. Floods took out 1285 bridges, miles and miles of roads and railroads, and countless homes and buildings. 84 people died in the flood, including Lt. Governor S. Hollister Jackson.
    (www.uvm.edu/landscape/1927_flood/about_1927_flood.htm)

1927        Nov 3, Rodgers' & Hart's musical "Connecticut Yankee," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 11/3/01)

1927        Nov 12, New York~ez_rsquo~s underwater Holland Tunnel officially opened. It connected NY to New Jersey. [see Nov 13]
    (HN, 11/12/98)(MC, 11/12/01)
1927        Nov 12, Notre Dame's Fighting Irish changed their blue jerseys for green.
    (MC, 11/12/01)
1927        Nov 12, Canada was admitted to the League of Nations.
    (HN, 11/12/98)
1927        Nov 12, Josef Stalin became the undisputed ruler of the Soviet Union as Leon Trotsky was expelled from the Communist Party.
    (AP, 11/12/97)

1927        Nov 13, The Holland Tunnel opened to the public, linking New York City and New Jersey beneath the Hudson River. [see Nov 12]
    (TMC, 1994, p.1927)(AP, 11/13/97)

1927        Nov 16, Austin Norman Palmer (b.1860), American developer of the Palmer method of script, died.
    (www.zanerian.com/Palmer.html)(WSJ, 1/24/09, p.W8)

1927        Nov 17, A tornado hit Washington DC.
    (MC, 11/17/01)

1927        Nov 20, Karl Wilhelm Eugen Stenhammer (56), composer, died.
    (MC, 11/20/01)

1927        Nov 21, Picketing strikers at the Columbine Mine in northern Colorado were fired on by state police; six miners were killed.
    (AP, 11/21/07)

1927        Nov 22, George Gershwin's "Funny Face," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 11/22/01)
1927        Nov 22, 1st snowmobile patent was granted to Carl Eliason in Sayner, Wisc.
    (MC, 11/22/01)

1927        Nov 24, Alfredo Kraus, tenor (La Scala), was born in Las Palmas, Canary Islands.
    (MC, 11/24/01)
1927        Nov 24, In California troops battled 1,200 inmates after Folsom prisoners revolted. On Thanksgiving Day there was a prison break at Folsom. One prisoner was shot in the ensuing uprising and five others were later hung.
    (SFEC, 1/26/97, p.B4)(HN, 11/24/98)

1927        Nov 29, Genevieve Paddleford arrived as the 1st woman inmate at the new women~ez_rsquo~s quarters at San Quentin Prison. She was serving 1 to 10 years for stealing $600 worth of clothing.
    (SFC, 11/29/02, p.E9)

1927        Nov 29, Vince Scully, sportscaster (NBC Baseball Game of the Week), was born.
    (MC, 11/29/01)

1927        Nov, On Thanksgiving Day there was a prison break at California~ez_rsquo~s Folsom Prison. One prisoner was shot in the ensuing uprising and five others were later hung.
    (SFEC, 1/26/97, p.B4)

1927        Nov, The US received 58 Japanese dolls sent by the Japanese government in exchange for 12,739 blue-eyed dolls sent by American children to the children of Japan.
    (SFC, 7/24/97, p.A17)

1927        Dec 2, Ford Motor Co. unveiled its "Model A" automobile, the successor to its "Model T." The Ford Rouge plant employed 70,000 men. A vehicle was assembled in 3 1/2 days and the price for a Model T dropped to $290 per vehicle, down 65% from its original price. The Model A was introduced with a revolutionary teaser campaign and the 1st one sold for $385.  Production for the Model T was shut down for almost 6 months to retool for the Model A and compete with GM.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)(AP, 12/2/97)(WSJ, 11/5/99, p.A1)(MC, 12/2/01)

1927        Dec 4, Duke Ellington opened at the Cotton Club in Harlem.
    (MC, 12/4/01)

1927        Dec 11, Nearly 400 world leaders signed a letter to President Calvin Coolidge asking the U.S. to join the World Court.
    (HN, 12/11/98)

1927        Dec 12, Robert Norton Noyce, co-inventor of the integrated circuit, was born.
    (HN, 12/12/00)
1927        Dec 12, Communists forces seized Canton, China.
    (HN, 12/12/98)

1927        Dec 14, China and Soviet Union broke relations.
    (AP, 12/14/02)
1927        Dec 14, Iraq gained independence from Britain, but British troops remained.
    (MC, 12/14/01)

1927        Dec 17, U.S. Secretary of State Kellogg suggested a worldwide pact renouncing war.
    (HN, 12/17/98)

1927        Dec 18, Ramsey Clark, American attorney General (1967-69), was born.
    (MC, 12/18/01)

1927        Dec 25, Mexican congress opened land to foreign investors, reversing the 1917 ban enacted to preserve the domestic economy.
    (HN, 12/25/98)

1927        Dec 27, Stalin's faction won All-Union Congress in USSR. Trotsky was expelled.
    (MC, 12/27/01)

1927        Dec 27, The musical play "Show Boat," with music by Jerome Kern and libretto by Oscar Hammerstein the Second, opened at the Ziegfeld Theater in New York. It was based on a novel by Edna Ferber that spanned life on the Mississippi River from 1884-1927. The songs included "Ol~ez_rsquo~ Man River."
    (WSJ, 2/27/97, p.A15)(SFC, 5/15/97, p.E4)(AP, 12/27/97)(SFC, 1/10/98, p.E1)

1927        Dec 28, George Kaufman and Moss Hart's "Royal Family," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 12/28/01)

1927        Dec, In Nashville, Ten., after harmonica wizard DeFord Bailey played his "Pan American Blues," WSM Announcer Judge Hay got the idea to change the name of the show from the "Barn Dance" to the "Grand Ole Opry."
    (www.pbs.org/deford/timeline/index.html)
1927        Dec, The Yosemite annual Christmas pageant at the Ahwahnee Hotel was begun by a Stanford Univ. administrator and Ansel Adams. The pageant was set in England at Bracebridge Hall at the time of King George III and based on characters created by Washington Irving.
    (SFC,10/18/97, p.A19)
1927        Dec, Harry Frommermann place an ad for an audition in Berlin that led to the formation of the "Comedian Harmonists." They rocketed to fame as concert performers. Their act was banned in 1935 by the government because 3 of the performers were Jews (Fromermann, Collin and Cycowski). In 1997 a film based the group~ez_rsquo~s history was directed by Joseph Vilsmaiar.
    (WSJ, 2/5/98, p.A20)(SFC, 8/17/02, p.D3)
1927        Dec, Leonid Kulik (d.1942), Russian expert on meteorites, delivered his report to the Russian Academy of Sciences on his 2nd trip to the Tunguska site in Siberia regarding the 1908 meteorite explosion. He estimated that the meteorite had weighed several thousand metric tons and convinced the academy to sponsor another expedition in 1928.
    (ON, 6/08, p.8)

1927        Poet John Ashbury was born in Rochester, N.Y. In 1998 David Lehman published "The Last Avant-Garde: The Making of the New York School of Poets."
    (WSJ, 9/18/98, p.W8)

1927        George Bellows painted the boxing scene "Dempsey and Firpo."
    (WSJ, 4/9/98, p.A21)

1927        Stuart Davis painted "Egg Beater No. 1."
    (WSJ, 4/9/98, p.A21)

1927        Charles Demuth painted "My Egypt."
    (WSJ, 2/6/00, p.A16)

1927        Elsie Driggs created her painting "Pittsburgh."
    (WSJ, 4/9/98, p.A21)

1927        George Grosz drew his picture "Circe," a depiction of a deformed nude woman kissing a man whose face looks like a pig's.
    (WSJ, 3/9/99, p.A20)

1927        Tamara de Lempicka painted "Jeune fille en vert."
    (SSFC, 4/20/03, p.C2)

1927        Rene Magritte painted "The Blood of the World" and "Swift Hope."
    (SFC, 5/4/00, p.B1,5)

1927        Georgia O~ez_rsquo~Keeffe painted "Red Poppy."
    (SFEC, 8/10/97, p.T5)

1927        Yves Tanguy, surrealist painter, had his 1st solo exhibit in Paris.
    (WSJ, 8/30/01, p.A11)

1927        DuBose Heyward and his wife Dorothy based a play called "Porgy" on his novel "Porgy."
    (MT, Fall. ~ez_lsquo~97, p.12)

1927        Herbert Asbury wrote "The Gangs of New York." The book established the Five Points district as the mythic slum.
    (AM, Mar/Apr 97 p.46)(SFC, 7/29/98, p.A19)

1927        Willa Cather authored ~ez_ldquo~Death Comes for the Archbishop.~ez_rdquo~ Bishop Jean Marie Latour, her novel~ez_rsquo~s hero, was the fictional name for the French Bishop Jean-Baptiste Lamy, dispatched as a priest by Rome in 1850 to bring order and discipline to the New Mexican territory.
    (WSJ, 9/13/06, p.D10)

1927        Max Ehrmann (1872-1945), Indiana lawyer, wrote his poem ~ez_ldquo~Desiderata~ez_rdquo~ ~ez_ndash~ ~ez_ldquo~Be gentle with yourself~ez_hellip~~ez_rdquo~
    (WSJ, 11/15/05, p.D7)(www.businessballs.com/desideratapoem.htm)

1927        Ernest Hemingway published his novel "Fiesta."
    (SFC, 8/5/98, p.E3)

1927        Hermann Hesse published "Steppenwolf," a novel about a writer who despises middle class and Western values, but suffers from his feelings of emotional isolation.
    (iUniv. 7/2/00)

1927        D.H. Lawrence wrote his story "The Man Who Died," in which Jesus becomes a lover of a priestess of Isis.
    (WSJ, 10/14/98, p.A20)

1927        Herman Lehmann authored ~ez_ldquo~Nine Years Among the Indians, 1870-1879: The Story of the Captivity and Life of a Texan Among the Indians.~ez_rdquo~ He had been captured as a boy and spent 6 years among the Apaches.
    (AH, 6/07, p.64)

1927        Sinclair Lewis (1885-1951) authored his novel ~ez_ldquo~Elmer Gantry.~ez_rdquo~ A 1960 film version starred Burt Lancaster.
    (WSJ, 12/28/07, p.W13)

1927        V.L. Parrington wrote "Main Currents in American Thought." It is considered one of the most important history books of the 30s.
    (WSJ, 12/15/95, p.A-16)

1927        Margaret Sanger wrote "What Every Boy and Girl Should Know."
    (WSJ, 3/12/97, p.A16)

1927        Upton Sinclair published his novel "Oil," based on the development of oil in southern California.
    (SFEC, 3/8/98, BR p.7)

1927        Clinton and Jeff Smith authored ~ez_ldquo~The Boy Captives: being the true story of the experiences and hardships of Clinton L. Smith and Jeff D. Smith.~ez_rdquo~
    (AH, 6/07, p.64)(www.worldcat.org/isbn/082401734X)

1927        Thornton Wilder wrote "The Bridge of San Luis Rey." It was set in Peru in the early 1700s when a rope bridge broke that sent 5 people to their death.
    (SFEC, 6/21/98, BR p.8)

1927        William Hodge & Co. published ~ez_ldquo~The Trial of Herbert Rowse Armstrong~ez_rdquo~ as part of its Notable British Trial series. Armstrong was hanged in 1922, the only solicitor ever executed in Britain, for murdering his wife with weedkiller.
    (WSJ, 6/9/07, p.P8)

1927        The "History of Colorado" was published by Linderman and Co.
    (HIR, 9/11/97, p.5A)

1927        Havergal Brian (1876-1972), British composer, completed ~ez_ldquo~The Gothic,~ez_rdquo~ a symphony in D minor. The work was begun in 1919.
    (Econ, 7/30/11, p.79)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Havergal_Brian)

1927        Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari created his opera "Sly."
    (WSJ, 4/17/02, p.D7)

1927        Tamara Geva, ballet dancer, actress and former wife of George Balanchine, introduced his choreography to NY by dancing 2 solos with the "Chauve-Souris" touring revue.
    (SFC,12/13/97, p.A23)

1927        Dock Boggs, singer and banjo player, released his "Country Blues" swamp music album. It included the song "Old Rub Alcohol Blues."
    (SFEM, 3/22/98, p.8)

1927        Bing Crosby came to prominence with the Paul Whiteman Orchestra as a member of the scat-singing Rhythm Boys trio.
    (SSFC, 1/21/01, DB p.32)

1927        The Duke Ellington Band recorded "Creole Love Song" and "Black and Tan Fantasie" on its first Viktor record.
    (SFEC, 4/25/99, p.C5)

1927        "Stardust" by Hoagy Carmichael (1899-1981) was first waxed on the Gennett label in Richmond, Ind. Mitchell Parish helped with the lyrics.
    (SFEC, 7/25/99, BR p.5)(SFC, 5/2/02, p.D5)

1927        The Pacific Borax Co. opened the Furnace Creek Inn in Death Valley as a luxury resort in Death Valley.
    (SFEC, 1/3/99, p.T5)

1927        In Louisville, Ky., the main building of the Speed Museum was constructed. The Speed Museum was founded by Hattie Bishop Speed as a memorial to her husband John Breckinridge Speed.
    (WSJ, 12/18/97, p.A20)

1927        The Cranford Rose Garden was established in the Brooklyn Botanic Garden with a $15,000 donation from engineer Walter V. Cranford. His firm built many of Brooklyn~ez_rsquo~s subway tunnels.
    (WSJ, 6/21/06, p.D10)

1927        Le Corbusier proposed a functional design for the new League of Nations center in Geneva. The jury of traditional architects was shocked and disqualified the design on the grounds that it was not rendered in India Ink, as specified.
    (V.D.-H.K.p.364)

1927        Marion Sims Wyeth designed the Mar-a-Lago house for the E.F. Huttons in Palm Beach Fla. He helped establish the Palm Beach Mediterranean style. Mrs. Hutton was better known as the cereal heiress Marjorie Merriweather Post.
    (WSJ, 10/25/96, p.B10)

1927        The fundamentalist Christian Bob Jones University in Cleveland, Tenn., was founded by Bob Jones.
    (SFC,11/13/97, p.A28)

1927        Las Vegas instituted the 90-day divorce to attract more visitors. The residential requirement was later reduced by half.
    (WSJ, 3/23/00, p.W12)

1927        The Ringling Brothers Circus and Barnum and Bailey began to set up winter quarters in Sarasota, Fla.
    (WSJ, 4/1/99, p.A20)

1927        A.H. Compton won the Nobel Prize in physics.
    (SFC, 6/30/99, p.C2)
1927        Julius Wagner von Jauregg won a Nobel Prize for allegedly proving that fevers cured mental illness.
    (SFC, 10/8/01, p.A17)

1927        Ernest Hemingway married Pauline Pfeiffer, his 2nd wife of 4. They lived together in Paris and Key West until 1940, and often visited Piggott, Ark.
    (SFC, 7/28/00, p.C12)

1927        William Wrigley, gum magnate, staged a swimming race between Catalina Island and the California coast, which measured over 20 miles. George Young (17) of Canada won.
    (WSJ, 4/18/08, p.W4)

1927        Babe Ruth hit his 60th home run.
    (SFEC, 9/8/96, Par p.8)

1927        The Supreme Court decision of Buck vs. Bell supported a 1924 Virginia compulsory sterilization bill and Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes commented "three generations of imbeciles are enough." Carrie Buck was sterilized by physicians at the Virginia Colony for Epileptics and Feeble-minded in Lynchburg. In 2006 Harry Bruinius authored ~ez_ldquo~Better For All the World: The Secret History of Forced Sterilization and America~ez_rsquo~s Quest for Racial Purity.~ez_rdquo~
    (NH, 7/02, p.12)(WSJ, 2/28/06, p.D8)

1927        The first living person to be honored on a U.S. postal stamp was pioneering pilot Charles Lindbergh. A 10-cent stamp was issued, showing Lindbergh's airplane, the Spirit of St. Louis, in which he had made his historic flight from New York to Paris.
    (HNQ, 11/14/98)

1927        In Alabama and many other states sheriffs and other county office holders were paid fixed fees for services performed and were allowed to keep whatever was left over. In 2008 all but 12 of Alabama~ez_rsquo~s 67 counties remained on the fee system with a $1.75-a-day allowance for feeding prisoners. Some sheriffs still profited with no accounting to auditors.
    (SFC, 5/20/08, p.A4)

1927        The new California state park bill gained the unanimous approval of the Legislature and was signed into law by Governor C.C. Young (1927-1931).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/California_State_Parks)
1927        The State Bar of California was founded as an independent and nonpartisan organization by the state Legislature.
    (SFC, 6/6/96, p.A23)(SFC, 6/26/96, p.A14)
1927        The California Legislature authorized the state attorney general to act on behalf of Indians to sue the federal government for losses. It took 16 years to reach a settlement.
    (SFEC, 9/20/98, Z1 p.5)
1927        The California Legislature allowed voters to form metropolitan water districts.
    (SFC, 4/25/14, p.A10)
1927        California~ez_rsquo~s laws prohibiting branch banking changed and A.P. Giannini consolidated his banking properties into the Bank of America of California.
    (SFC, 4/14/98, p.B4)
1927        In California Harry Hill shot and killed state Sen. Charles W. Lyon of Los Angeles inside the state capitol building, for engaging in a relationship with Marybelle Wallace. Hill, a Sacramento lobbyist, then shot and killed himself. Wallace was Hill~ez_rsquo~s mistress and an employee of Sen. Lyon.
    (SSFC, 10/27/02, p.A16)
1927        The Pasadena City Hall was constructed to reflect the grace and style of the church of Santa Maria della Salute in Venice, Italy.
    (Hem., Dec. ~ez_lsquo~95, p.100)
1927        Ben and Tawny MacMillan~ez_rsquo~s General Store in Elk, California, was built.
    (SFC, 9/1/96, T3)
1927        The SF Bay Area mid-peninsula property along the broad valley of the West Union Creek near Hwy. 280 south of San Francisco was purchased by an official of the Spring Valley Water Company. The estate residence was designed by architect Gardner Daily. A decade later the property was purchased by the Herman and Mary Elena Phleger. The estate was officially dedicated as part of the Golden Gate national Park in April, 1995.
    (Park, Spring/95)
1927        Carlton Morse created the radio show "One Man's Family." It was set in Sea Cliff in San Francisco and continued to 1959.
    (SFEC, 12/27/98, BR p.3)
1927        In San Francisco the Avenue Theater opened on San Bruno Avenue in the southeastern Portola District.
    (SSFC, 5/24/09, p.A2)
1927        Campion Hall at USF was built.
    (SFCM, 3/29/02, p.48)
1927        In San Francisco the 2-storey, Olde English style house at 400 Castenada Ave. in Forest Hills was built. It was designed by Harold Stoner.
    (SSFC, 10/18/09, p.C2)
1927        In San Francisco the six plus storey, multiunit apartment building at 700 Steiner St. was completed.
    (SSFC, 10/20/13, p.C2)
1927        The Hearst Fountain and Music Concourse were constructed in Goldengate Park.
    (SFC, 7/29/97, p.A7)
1927        In SF a 25-storey high-rise was completed at 111 Sutter, the city~ez_rsquo~s 4th tallest building. It was designed for the Hunter-Dulin & Co. brokerage firm by Schultze & Weaver of NYC.
    (SFC, 12/29/05, p.B5)
1927        In SF the Russ Building, a 435-foot, 31-storey skyscraper, was completed at 235 Montgomery Street. It was the tallest building in SF at this time and was designed by architect George Kelham.
    (SFC, 7/17/97, p.A16)(SFEC, 5/16/99, Z1 p.4)(SSFM, 10/12/02, p.13)(SSFC, 5/20/12, p.C2)
1927        In San Francisco a single storey building at 344 Kearny was built for the Harrigan Weidenmuller Co., Realtors. In 2009 the Baroque storefront hosted a nail salon.
    (SSFC, 11/1/09, p.C2)
1927        The Russian Orthodox Holy Virgin parish was founded. In 1965 they established a Cathedral at 26th and Geary.
    (SFC, 1/25/02, p.G6)
1927        In SF Julia and Michael Archangel Disernia opened a pharmacy on the corner of Mission and Precita. In 1998 their son closed the establishment.
    (SFEC, 8/28/98, p.C7)
1927        In San Francisco the Avenue Theater opened on San Bruno Avenue in the southeastern Portola District.
    (SSFC, 5/24/09, p.A2)
1927        The Biltmore Hotel was built in Montecito, Ca.
    (Via, 3-4/99, p.43)
1927        The Biltmore Four Seasons Hotel in Santa Barbara, Ca., was built.
    (SFEC, 5/4/97, p.T7)
1927        The Pickwick Hotel, a Gothic Revival structure, opened in San Diego, Ca. It was later renovated and re-opened as the Sofia Hotel.
    (SSFC, 4/8/07, p.G4)
1927        The ferryboat Fresno began transporting cars across the SF Bay.
    (SFC, 4/28/05, p.B1)
1927        SF began receiving water from the new Hetch Hetchy Reservoir.
    (SFC, 1/4/97, p.A15)
1927        Alexander Roberts became the 3rd president of the SF State Normal School.
    (SFEC, 3/21/99, Z1 p.4)

1927        In Chicago Al Capone's support allowed Big Bill Thompson to return to the mayor's office. Pledging to clean up Chicago and remove the crooks, Thompson instead turned his attention to the reformers, whom he considered the real criminals.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Hale_Thompson)

1927        In New Jersey Ruth Snyder was tried and executed [1928] for the murder of her husband. She was the first woman to die in the electric chair. Her story was the basis for a 1928 play, "Machinal," by Sophie Treadwell.
    (SFEC, 2/9/97, DB p.33)

1927        The Washington Airport opened in DC next to Hoover field, which had opened a year earlier. The two merged in 1930 to form the Washington-Hoover Airport.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ronald_Reagan_Washington_National_Airport)

1927        In the US financier J.P. Morgan created the American Depository Receipt, (ADR), for purchasing stock in foreign countries.
    (WSJ, 6/27/96, p.R8)

1927        Walt Disney (1901-1966) created the cartoon character Oswald the Lucky Rabbit. He was a precursor to Mickey Mouse.
    (WSJ, 2/10/06, p.B1)

1927        GM created the first automotive design staff under Harley J. Earl.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)

1927        Dorothy Gerber invented commercial baby food when she tired of straining baby food at home and asked her cannery owner husband to try it at the plant. The Gerber baby logo came in 1928. Daniel F. Gerber strained peas for his sick daughter and sold them by mail from Fremont, Mich.
    (WSJ, 12/4/96, p.A1)(SFEC, 3/30/97, Z1. p.2)

1927        Central Leather Co. underwent a restructure and changed its name back to US Leather.
    (WSJ, 5/28/96, p.R45)

1927        Oklahoma produced  278 million barrels of crude oil. By 2005 production dropped to 60.7 million.
    (Econ, 7/29/06, p.33)

1927        The Porcelier Manufacturing Co. worked in East Liverpool, Ohio and South Greenberg, Pa. until 1954. It made vitrified china teapots, bowls, cups, sugars, creamers and small electrical appliances. The items are now collectibles.
    (SFC, 9/4/96, Z1 p.5)

1927        Proctor and Gamble acquired Lava Soap with its "secret ingredient" pumice. In 1996 it was sold to Block Drug Co.
    (SFC, 5/25/96, p.D1)

1927        Sears launched its Craftsman and Kenmore brands.
    (WSJ, 11/18/04, p.B1)

1927        Time magazine, founded by Henry Luce and Briton Hadden, began its Man or Woman of the Year feature and the first figure this year was Charles Lindbergh.
    (SFEC, 8/17/97, Par p.2)(SFEM, 6/21/98, p.9)(WSJ, 1/11/00, p.B1)

1927        United Parcel Service, founded by Jim Casey, began limited coast-to-coast service.
    (Econ, 7/22/06, p.20)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Parcel_Service)

1927        Charles Spearman, a British researcher, postulated 2 separate factors for success in IQ tests: general intelligence and various specific abilities for different tests.
    (SFC, 7/21/00, p.B3)

1927        Werner Heisenberg formulated the Uncertainty Principle: It is impossible to measure simultaneously both the precise momentum and position of a subatomic particle.
    (NG, May 1985, J. Boslough, p. 642)

1927        Lemaitre proposed his theory of an expanding universe begun in the explosion of a primeval atom, at Mt. Wilson observatory in California.
    (V.D.-H.K.p.334)

1927        J.D. Figgins presented his paper announcing proof (gathered in 1926) that man was present in the New World at a time when animals of now extinct species were living: The First Clear Evidence of Ancient Man in North America.
    RFH-MDHP, 1969, p.132)

1927        John Hammes (1895-1953), a Wisconsin architect, invented the sink-connected garbage disposal. In 1938 he started the InSinkErator company, which later became a part of Emerson Electric Corp.
    (WSJ, 2/26/08, p.B1)(http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_gx5202/is_1995/ai_n19122482)

1927        E.E. Perkins, a Nebraska merchant of home remedies, invented Kool-Aid. [see 1914,1953]
    (WSJ, 7/17/96, p.A1)(SFC, 4/9/96, z1 p.5)

1927        In Washington state the 210-foot Glines Canyon Dam on the Elwha River came on line.  Fish passage facilities were required, but none were ever built. In 2011 it became part of a $324.7 million, 3-year dam-removal project.
    (SFC, 5/30/11, p.A7)

1927        Pez candy originated in Austria as a breath mint for cigarette smokers. The name came from "pfefferminz," the word for peppermint in German.  The line was imported to the United States in 1952, when the company decided it could do better with fruit candy dispensed by plastic toys.
    (SFEC, 4/5/98, p.C11)(http://money.cnn.com/2002/06/13/pf/q_pez/)

1927        In Australia a new law prohibited hunters from killing koalas for their pelts.
    (SFC, 7/29/00, p.E3)

1927        Henry Ford obtained a Connecticut-sized land in the Brazilian jungle and began creating his Fordlandia factory town for the creation of a rubber plantation and processing facility to supply his factories with tires and gaskets. A strike in 1930 wrecked Fordlandia. It was rebuilt and struggled on for a decade until succumbing to leaf blight and insects. In 2009 Greg Grandin authored ~ez_ldquo~Fordlandia: The rise and Fall of Henry Ford~ez_rsquo~s Forgotten Jungle city.~ez_rdquo~
    (SSFC, 7/5/09, p.F7)

1927        Britain passed laws supporting British film making and forced cinemas to show a minimum quota of British films.
    (Econ, 2/9/08, p.62)
1927        Elsie Wagg thought of getting private gardeners to open up their gardens to visitors for a small contribution to a nursing charity. By 2003 Britain's National Garden Scheme had over 3,500 gardens open to visitors at least 1 day a year.
    (Econ, 12/20/03, p.119)

1927        In China Mao Tse-tung led a peasant uprising in Hunan Province.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1927)

1927        Julien Benda (1867-1956), French writer, authored ~ez_ldquo~La Trahison des Clercs,~ez_rdquo~ (Treason of the Clerks). The title of the English translation was The Betrayal of the Intellectuals. The book described the politicization of Western intellectuals, above all their willingness to abandon the disinterested search for truth.
    (WSJ, 6/10/08, p.A15)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Julien_Benda)
1927        The La Samaritaine department store in Paris was constructed. It replaced an earlier building built in 1905.
    (SFEM, 3/12/00, p.)
1927        French law set the boundaries of the country~ez_rsquo~s Champagne region.
    (WSJ, 8/12/05, p.B1)
1927        The French launched a major military campaign in Syria to suppress a revolt by the Druze, which began in 1925 under the leadership of Sultan al-Atrash. A large French force sent against them was defeated and the revolt spread into the Druze portions of Lebanon. When the insurgents gained a foothold in Damascus, the French bombarded the city.
    (HNQ, 5/25/99)
1927        Eugene Atget (b.1857), French photographer, died.
    (SFC, 8/18/01, p.B3)
1927        Prince John Kropotkin, son of Russian Prince Alexei Kropotkin, was beaten to death on a Paris street. Soviet agents were suspected.
    (SFC, 7/5/04, p.B4)

1927        Carl Schmitt, a German jurist, authored his paper "The Concept of the Political." He proposed the doctrine of "decisionism" and defined the state~ez_rsquo~s assertion of its sovereignty. "The specific political distinction to which political claims can be reduced is that between friend and enemy."
    (WSJ, 10/19/01, p.W19)
1927        In Germany Hannes Meyer succeeded Walter Gropius as director of the Bauhaus and continued to 1930.
    (Econ, 11/14/09, p.104)
1927        In Germany the Frankfurt Kitchen was the 1st mass-produced fitted kitchen and was installed in thousands of Frankfurt flats.
    (Econ, 4/8/06, p.84)

1927        Erno Laszlo (1891-1973) opened the Laszlo Institute for Scientific Cosmetology in Budapest. In 1939 he opened the Laszlo Institute on Fifth Ave in NYC.
    (Econ, 11/29/03, p.18)

1927        In India the Musalman Urdu-language newspaper began operating in Chennai. In 2008 the handwritten newspaper was still operating with some 23,000 subscribers.
    (WSJ, 9/16/08, p.A20)
1927        In India the Deonar dumping ground opened in Bombay (later Mumbai).
    (Econ, 2/28/09, SR p.8)

1927        In Japan Goto Shu~ez_rsquo~ichi wrote "Japanese Archaeology."
    (AM, Mar/Apr 97 p.35)
1927        The Japan Sumo Association (JSA) was founded.
    (Econ, 2/16/08, p.50)
1927        Chio Uno (1898-1996) scandalized Japanese society by cutting her hair short. In 1935 she wrote "Confessions of Love" based on the many love affairs of painter Seiji Togo. She also wrote "Ohan" and in 1936 founded Style, Japan~ez_rsquo~s first fashion magazine. She was awarded a title by the emperor and named a "person of cultural merit" in 1990.
    (SFC, 6/11/96, p.A21)
1927        Japan's Imperial Aeronautics Association launched a competition for a non-stop flight across the Pacific Ocean. The Ashi Shimbun newspaper offered a $25,000 prize.
    (ON, 1/03, p.10)
1927        Japan~ez_rsquo~s Nippon Trust Bank and Mitsubishi Trust Bank were founded. They joined together in 2001 and in 2005 became part of the Mitsubishi UFJ Financial Group.
    (WSJ, 9/23/08, p.C1)

1927        In Puerto Rico~ez_rsquo~s last execution farm worker Pascual Ramos was hanged for beheading his boss with a machete. Puerto Rico~ez_rsquo~s death penalty was outlawed in 1929.
    (AP, 1/25/05)

1927        In Romania the Legion of the Archangel Michael was formed and later became the Iron Guard. It was committed to the "Christian and racial" renovation. The Fascist organization fed on anti-Semitism and mystical nationalism and was a major social and political force in Romania between 1930 and 1941. It was finally destroyed when in 1941 when it staged a revolt against the government of General Ion Antonescu.
    (HNQ, 11/27/01)

1927        Josef Stalin purged much of the Tatar intelligentsia in the Crimea.
    (SFC, 1/4/99, p.A8)
1927        Sergius, a Greek Orthodox bishop, signed an agreement accepting the Soviet Union as a ~ez_ldquo~civil motherland.~ez_rdquo~
    (Econ, 10/18/08, p.69)
1927        The monastery of Saint Serafim Sarofsky in the village of Deveyevo, Russia, was liquidated. The 266 year old complex was used to store lumber and vegetables until 1991 when it was returned to the church.
    (SFC, 5/18/96, p.A-11)
1927        Prince John Kropotkin, son of Russian Prince Alexei Kropotkin, was beaten to death on a Paris street. Soviet agents were suspected.
    (SFC, 7/5/04, p.B4)

1927         In Senegal Sheikh Ahmadou Bamba (Cheikh Amadou Bamba), Muslim brotherhood religious leader and founder of the holy center of Touba, died. He inspired the Sufi Muslim movement called the Mourides, the 2nd of two big movements. The other older Muslim group was known as the Tidjanes. 
    (AP, 4/22/03)(Econ, 12/23/06, p.91)(AP, 12/29/07)

1927        In South Africa Alexkor Ltd., a state-run diamond mining company, was set up in the town of Alexander Bay as a work program for poor whites. The local Nama were forced out after mineral rights were awarded to Alexkor Ltd. In 2007 the government agreed to restore the 330-square-mile northern coastal strip to the tribe and pay $28 million compensation as well as millions more in development funding.
    (AP, 10/9/07)

1927-1928    King Abd al-Aziz crushed an uprising be fanatical Islamist tribes of central Arabia.
    (WSJ, 6/30/04, p.A7)

1927-1934    The Chicago Tribune published an edition in Paris. In 1987 Waverley Root authored ~ez_ldquo~The Paris Edition.~ez_rdquo~
    (WSJ, 9/29/07, p.W8)

1927-1937    General Electric manufactured the Monitor Tops style refrigerators with a design intended to last 25 years.
    (WSJ, 9/20/02, p.A5)

1927-1949    The films of this period were covered in the 1998 book: "You Ain~ez_rsquo~t Heard Nothin~ez_rsquo~ Yet: The American Talking Film, History and Memory," by Andrew Sarris.
    (SFC, 4/8/98, p.E3)

1927-1957     The Mille Miglia automobile race was run in Italy.
    (SFC, 4/28/98, p.A13)

1927-1959    Carlton Morse created the radio show "One Man's Family." It was set in Sea Cliff in San Francisco.
    (SFEC, 12/27/98, BR p.3)

1927-1989    R.D. Laing, Scottish psychiatrist: "We live in a moment of history where change is so speeded up that we begin to see the present only when it is disappearing."
    (AP, 1/31/99)

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