Timeline 1928

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1928        Jan 2, Vaughn Beals, later CEO of Harley Davidson motorcycle, was born in Cambridge, Mass.
    (www.definition-of.net/who-is-Vaughn%2BBeals)

1928        Jan 5, Walter Mondale, 42nd Vice President (1977-1981) of the U.S., was born. He was the Democratic presidential nominee who lost to Ronald Reagan in 1984, and Ambassador to Japan.
    (HN, 1/5/99)

1928        Jan 7, William Peter Blatty, author and director (The Exorcist), was born in NYC.
    (MC, 1/7/02)

1928        Jan 9, Judith Krantz, author (Scruples, Princess Daisy, Dazzle), was born in NYC.
    (MC, 1/9/02)
1928        Jan 9, Eugene O'Neill's "Marco Millions," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 1/9/02)

1928        Jan 10, The Soviet Union ordered the exile of Leon Trotsky. Stalin triumphed over Bolshevik Party opposition led by Trotsky, Leo Kamenev, and Gregory Zinoviev.
    (AP, 1/10/98)(SFEC, 5/31/98, p.7)

1928        Jan 11, Leon Trotsky, a leader of the Bolshevik revolution and early architect of the Soviet state, was shipped out by Soviet leader Joseph Stalin to Alma-Ata in remote Soviet Central Asia. Later he was banished from the USSR.
    (MC, 1/11/02)
1928        Jan 11, Thomas Hardy (87), English novelist, died near Dorchester. His books included “Far from Maddening Crowd" (1874) and “Jude the Obscure" (1895). In 2006 Claire Tomalin authored “Thomas hardy: The Time-Torn Man."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Hardy)(Econ, 11/11/06, p.96)

1928        Jan 12, Ruth Snyder (b.1895) became the first woman to die in the electric chair. She was electrocuted by “state electrician" Robert G. Elliott at Sing Sing Prison in Ossining, New York, along with Judd Gray, her lover and co-conspirator, for the murder of her husband, Albert on March 20, 1927. This was billed in the press as “The Dumb-Bell Murder."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ruth_Snyder)

1928        Jan 17, Vidal Sassoon, hair stylist/CEO (Vidal Sassoon), was born in London.
    (MC, 1/17/02)

1928        Jan 20, Martin Landau, actor (Mission Impossible, Tucker, Space 1999), was born in Brooklyn, NY.
    (MC, 1/20/02)

1928        Jan 23, Jeanne Moreau, actress (Going Places, Jules & Jim), was born in Paris, France.
    (MC, 1/23/02)

1928        Jan 25, The Zamorano Club was founded in Los Angeles, Ca., “to establish contact and encourage exchange of thought among its members, who shall be men interested in Fine Books." The club was named after Agustin Vicente Zamorano, the first printer in Alta California.
    (www.zamoranoclubla.org/history/)(http://tinyurl.com/s3c77)
1928        Jan 25, Eduard Shevardnadze, foreign minister of USSR, was born in Soviet Georgia.
    (MC, 1/25/02)

1928        Jan 26, Eartha Kitt, singer, actress (Catwoman-Batman), was born in SC.
    (MC, 1/26/02)
1928        Jan 26, Roger Vadim, director (And God Created Women, Barbarella), was born in France.
    (MC, 1/26/02)

1928        Jan 31, Scotch tape was 1st marketed by 3-M Company.
    (MC, 1/31/02)

1928        Feb 1, Tom Lantos, a Jewish Holocaust survivor, was born in Budapest, Hungary. Lantos later earned a doctorate in economics at UC Berkeley and served as a US Congressman from California (1980-2008).
    (SFC, 1/3/08, p.A10)

1928        Feb 7, The United States signed an arbitration treaty with France.
    (HN, 2/7/99)
1928        Feb 7, Australian Bert Hinkler took off from London in a two-seat Avro 581E Avian biplane on the first leg of his solo flight from England to Australia. On February 22, after flying 128 hours in less than 16 days, Hinkler's 11,250-mile adventure ended in Darwin, Australia.
    (HNQ, 2/7/01)

1928        Feb 8, 1st transatlantic TV image was received at Hartsdale, NY.
    (MC, 2/8/02)
1928        Feb 8, Scottish inventor J. Blaird demonstrated color TV.
    (MC, 2/8/02)

1928        Feb 9, Frank Frazetta, American fantasy and science fiction artist, was born in Brooklyn. He became noted for work in comic books, paperback book covers, paintings, posters, record-album covers, and other media. In 2003, a feature film documenting the life and career of Frazetta was released, entitled: “Frank Frazetta: Painting With Fire."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frank_Frazetta)

1928        Feb 15, H.H. Asquith (b.1852), former British prime minister (1908-1916), died.
    (www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/39056/HH-Asquith-1st-earl-of-Oxford-and-Asquith)

1928        Feb 22, Australian Bert Hinkler ended his 11,250-mile adventure in Darwin, Australia, after flying 128 hours in less than 16 days. The unassuming Hinkler's grueling flight was little noted by the press until he reached India, then the world press got caught up in the drama of another "Lone Eagle" performance so soon after Charles A. Lindbergh's transatlantic flight. As he plotted a course across Asia and the Timor Sea using a London Times atlas as his navigational chart, a newspaper editor dubbed him "Hustling Hinkler," a nickname later immortalized by the American Tin Pan Alley hit song, "Hustling Hinkler Up in the Sky."
    (HNPD, 2/7/99)

1928        Feb 24, In its first show to feature a Black artist, the New Gallery of New York exhibited works of Archibald Motley.
    (HN, 2/24/98)

1928        Feb 25, Larry Gelbart, writer, producer, actor (Oh God!, M*A*S*H), was born.
    (MC, 2/25/02)
1928        Feb 25, Bell Labs introduced a new device to end the fluttering of the television image.
    (HN, 2/25/98)
1928        Feb 25, In Mexico Toribio Romo Gonzalez (b.1900), a Catholic priest, was killed during the Cristero War. He was canonized as a saint on May  21, 2000, by Pope John Paul II, and later came to be regarded as the patron saint of migrants.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toribio_Romo_Gonz%C3%A1lez)(SFC, 7/17/14, p.D2)

1928        Feb 26, Antonie "Fats" Domino was born in New Orleans. He was an American Rock n' Roll singer famous by his songs "Blueberry Hill" and "Ain't that a Shame."
    (HN, 2/26/99)(SC, 2/26/02)

1928        Feb 28, Smokey the Bear was created.
    (MC, 2/28/02)

1928        Mar 1, Paul Whiteman and his orchestra recorded "Ol' Man River" for Victor Records.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1928        Mar 4, Alan Sillitoe, novelist (Saturday Night and Sunday Morning, The Loneliness of the Long Distance Runner), was born.
    (HN, 3/4/01)
1928        Mar 4, The Transcontinental Footrace began and 55 men ran from Los Angeles to New York in 81 days. Andrew Payne of Oklahoma won the "Bunyon Derby."
    (SSFC, 11/10/02, p.M4)(PBS-TV, 11/24/02)

1928        Mar 5, Hitler’s National Socialists won the majority vote in Bavaria.
    (HN, 3/5/98)

1928        Mar 6, Gabriel Garcia Marquez, Columbian-born novelist and Nobel Prize winner (1982), was born. In 2009 Gerald martin authored “Gabriel Garcia Marquez: A Life."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gabriel_Garc%C3%ADa_M%C3%A1rquez)(SSFC, 6/7/09, Books p.J1)
1928        Mar 6, A Communist attack on Peking, China resulted in 3,000 dead and 50,000 fleeing to Swatow.
    (HN, 3/6/98)

1928        Mar 10, James Earl Ray, alleged assassin of Martin Luther King Jr, was born.
    (MC, 3/10/02)

1928        Mar 12, Edward Albee, American dramatist who wrote "Who's Afraid of Virginia Wolf," was born.
    (HN, 3/12/00)
1928        Mar 12, In Santa Paula, Ventura County, Ca., the 3-year-old St. Francis dam collapsed just before midnight. By the next day some 450 people were killed.
    (SFC, 9/22/01, p.A3)(PCh, 1992, p.791)

1928        Mar 13, Rudolph Friml's musical "Three Musketeers," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 3/13/02)
1928        Mar 13, In California hundreds of people died when the San Francisquito Valley was inundated with water after the St. Francis Dam burst just before midnight on March 12.
    (AP, 3/13/08)

1928        Mar 14, Frank Borman, astronaut (Gem 7, Ap 8), CEO (Eastern Airline), was born in Gary, Ind.
    (MC, 3/14/02)

1928        Mar 15, Nicolas Flagello, composer, was born.
    (MC, 3/15/02)
1928        Mar 15, Mussolini modified the Italy electoral system. [see May 12]
    (MC, 3/15/02)

1928        Mar 16, Christa Ludwig, soprano (Vienna State Opera, Met Opera), was born in Berlin Germany.
    (MC, 3/16/02)
1928        Mar 16 The U.S. planned to send 1,000 more Marines to Nicaragua.
    (HN, 3/16/98)

1928        Mar 19, Patrick McGoohan, actor (#6-Prisoner, Secret Agent), was born in Astoria, NY.
    (MC, 3/19/02)
1928        Mar 19, "Amos & Andy" debuted on radio with the NBC Blue Network, WMAQ Chicago.
    (MC, 3/19/02)

1928        Mar 20, Hans Kung, Swiss religious theologian, was born.
    (MC, 3/20/02)
1928        Mar 20, Fred Rogers, television performer (Mr. Roger's Neighborhood), was born in Latrobe, Pa.
    (HN, 3/20/01)

1928        Mar 21, Pres. Coolidge gave the US Congressional Medal of Honor to Charles Lindbergh. The Medal of Honor was not always awarded for "courage above and beyond" the call of duty.
    (HN, 3/21/98)
1928        Mar 21, VU, France’s first illustrated magazine, was launched and continued to May 29, 1940 running over 600 issues. Hungarian-born photographer Andre Kertesz worked there until he left for NYC in 1936.
    (Econ, 11/27/10, p.93)(www.thamesandhudson.com/9780500543832.html)

1928        Mar 22, Dmitri Antonovitch Volkogonov, soldier, historian, was born.
    (MC, 3/22/02)
1928        Mar 22, Noel Coward's musical "This Year of Grace," premiered in London.
    (MC, 3/22/02)
1928        Mar 22, Peasants in the Soviet Union protested food shortages there.
    (HN, 3/22/97)

1928        Mar 25, James A. Lovell Jr, USN, astronaut (Gemini 7, 12, Apollo 8, 13), was born in Cleveland, Oh.
    (MC, 3/25/02)

1928        Mar 27, The U.S. accepted the new oil-land laws enacted by Mexico, ending a long-standing dispute between Mexico and the United States.
    (HN, 3/27/98)

1928        Mar 28, Zbigniew Brzezinski, US national security advisor (Carter), was born in Warsaw.
    (MC, 3/28/02)
1928        Mar 28, J.L. Rutledge, Pacific Air Transport pilot, ran out of fuel and parachuted from his plane near Orinda, Ca. The plane crashed nearby and he retrieved the mail and delivered it to the Orinda post office.
    (SFC, 3/28/03, p.E8)
1928        Mar 28, Giuseppe Ferrata (63), composer, died.
    (MC, 3/28/02)

1928        Mar 31, Gordie Howe, NHL right wing (Detroit Redwings), was born in Floral, Sask., Canada.
    (MC, 3/31/02)

1928        Apr 1, China's Chiang Kai-shek began attacks on communists as his army crossed Yang-tse.
    (HN, 4/1/98)(MC, 4/1/02)

1928        Apr 4, Maya Angelou, American poet, was born.
    (HN, 4/4/98)

1928        Apr 5, David Farquhar Andress, composer, was born.
    (MC, 4/5/02)

1928        Apr 6, James Watson, [co-]discovered structure of DNA, was born.
    (HN, 4/6/98)

1928        Apr 7, James Garner, actor (Rockford Files, Bret Maverick), was born in Norman, Okla.
    (MC, 4/7/02)
1928        Apr 7, Alan J. Pakula, director (All the President's Men, Klute), was born.
    (MC, 4/7/02)

1928        Apr 8, The 1st Karastan rug, a machine-made product woven through the back, came off the loom in Leaksville, NC.
    (SFCM, 10/10/04, p.10)

1928        Apr 9, Mae West's NYC debut in a daring new play "Diamond Lil."
    (MC, 4/9/02)

1928        Apr 12, Hermann Koehl attempted a 2nd nonstop flight Europe to North America in a Junkers monoplane, the Bremen. Koehl along with a navigator and passenger departed from Ireland and reached Greenly Island, Quebec, the next day.
    (ON, 9/02, p.5)

1928        Apr 17, Cynthia Ozick, writer (The Cannibal Galaxy, The Messiah of Stockholm), was born.
    (HN, 4/17/01)

1928        Apr 18, Jean-Francois Pailliard, conductor, was born in Vitry-le-Francois, France.
    (MC, 4/18/02)

1928        Apr 23, Shirley Temple Black, child actress, was born in Santa Monica, Ca. She sang "On the Good Ship Lollipop" in the 1934 film “Bright Eyes," and later became an American ambassador (Ghana 1974; Czechoslovakia 1989).
    (HN, 4/23/99)(SFC, 1/26/06, p.E3)

1928        Apr 24, The fathometer, used to measure underwater depth, was patented.
    (MC, 4/24/02)

1928        Apr 26, Madame Tussaud's waxwork exhibition opened in London.
    (MC, 4/26/02)

1928        May 1, Lei Day, a Hawaiian celebration, was begun.
    (MC, 5/1/02)
1928        May 1, Pitcairn Airlines (later Eastern) began service.
    (MC, 5/1/02)

1928        May 2, In Emeryville, Ca., a raid on a brewery next door to the home of Police Chief Ed. J. Carey uncovered 5,000 gallons of unbottled beer and 3,000 bottles of beer. Jimmy Reese, star 2nd baseman of the Oakland Coast League and son-ibn-law of Chief Carey, emerged from a cottage in front of the warehouse and demanded to know what the raid was about. Alameda Ct. DA Earl Warren filed a federal complaint against Carey.
    (SFC, 5/2/03, p.E3)

1928        May 3, James Brown, "The Godfather of Soul," was born in Augusta, Georgia. The singer is best remembered for the song "I Feel Good." [see May 3, 1933]
    (HN, 5/3/99)(MC, 5/3/02)

1928        May 4, Maynard Ferguson, jazz trumpeter (Roulette), was born in Verdun, Quebec.
    (MC, 5/4/02)
1928        May 4, Thomas Kinsella, Irish poet, was born.
    (HN, 5/4/01)
1928        May 4, Hosni Mubarak, Egyptian president (1981-2011), was born in the village of Kafr el-Moseilha in the Nile delta province of Menoufia.
    (AP, 7/9/04)(SFC, 2/12/11, p.A4)
1928        May 4, Hennie Youngman, comedian, married Sadie Cohen. They met in a Kresge’s 5 & 10 cent store in Brooklyn where they both worked. He later made famous the line: "Take my wife... Please!"
    (SFEM, 1/25/98, p.66)

1928        May 7, A Pulitzer prize was awarded to Thornton Wilder for Bridge of San Luis Rey.
    (MC, 5/7/02)

1928        May 8, Theodore Sorenson, presidential advisor to John F. Kennedy, was born. Many suspect that he ghost-wrote Kennedy's book "Profiles in Courage."
    (HN, 5/8/99)

1928        May 12, Brothers Joe and Tom Longs opened their first store on Oakland’s Piedmont Ave. In 1993 Longs acquired Bill’s Drugs, a 20 store chain in northern California. In 2008 Longs Drugs was acquired by CVS Caremark for $2.9 billion.
    (SFC, 8/14/08, p.C3)
1928        May 12, In Italy Mussolini abolished women suffrage under a new law that restricted the franchise to men 21 and over who pay syndicate rates or taxes or 100 lire.
    (PCh, 1992, p.787)

1928        May 14, Ernesto “Che" Guevara Serna (d.Oct 9, 1967) was born to an aristocratic family in Misiones province, Argentina. A biography was written in 1997 by Jon Lee Anderson: “Che Guevara: A Revolutionary of Life." Ernesto “Che" Guevara, chief lieutenant in the Cuban revolution and active in other Latin American revolutionary movements, was born Ernesto Guevara de la Serna in Rosario, Argentina. “Che" was a nickname meaning “pal." He played a leading role alongside Fidel Castro in the overthrow of Cuban dictator Fulgencio Batista in 1959, wrote the book Guerrilla Warfare in 1960 and, as Cuban Minister of Industries from 1961-‘65, led the nationalization of industry and agriculture. He left Cuba in 1965. In 1967 he was tracked down and executed by the Bolivian army.
    (SFC, 6/16/97, p.D3)(HNQ, 12/2/98)(HNQ, 2/10/00)

1928        May 19, The 1st annual "Frog Jumping Jubilee" at Angel's Camp, Ca., drew 51 frogs.
    (MC, 5/19/02)
1928        May 19, "Firedamp" exploded in Mather, Pa. coal mine killing 195 of 273 miners.
    (DTnet, 5/19/97)

1928        May 23, Rosemary Clooney (d.2002), singer, was born in Maysville, Ky.
    (HN, 5/23/01)(SSFC, 6/30/02, p.A20)
1928        May 23, Italian Gen. Nobile reached the North Pole for a 2nd time with a 16-man crew aboard the dirigible Italia.
    (ON, 10/00, p.5)

1928        May 24, William Trevor, Irish short story writer and novelist (The Old Boys, The Boarding House), was born.
    (HN, 5/24/01)
1928        May 24, The dirigible Italia crashed while attempting to reach Spitzbergen. Nine men survived the initial crash. In 2000 Wilbur Cross authored "Disaster at the Pole," a revised edition of the 1960 version of the disaster led by Italian aviator Umberto Nobile. The Russian film "Krasnaya palatka" (1969), starring Sean Connery, detailed the Nobile expedition and attempted rescue. This movie was released in North America under the title "The Red Tent."
    (ON, 10/00, p.6)(SSFC, 1/7/01, Par p.14)(www.imdb.com/title/tt0067315/)

1928        May 25, Frigyes Hidas, composer, was born.
    (SC, 5/25/02)
1928        May 25, Mary Tuck, social researcher, civil servant, was born.
    (SC, 5/25/02)

1928        May 29, Fritz von Opel reached 200 kph in an experimental rocket car [see Sep 30, 1929].
    (SC, 5/29/02)

1928        May 31, The first flight over the Pacific took off from Oakland. Charles Kingsford-Smith & Charles Ulm departed from Oakland, Ca., and arrived in Australia on June 9.
    (HN, 5/31/98)(NPub, 2002, p.11)

1928        Jun 2, Nationalist Chiang Kai-shek captured Peking, China, in a bloodless takeover.
    (HN, 6/2/98)

1928        Jun 3, Commander Amelia Earhart departed with pilot Bill Stultz from Boston Harbor to Halifax, Nova Scotia, and then to Trepassey, Newfoundland. From there on June 17 they embarked on a trans-Atlantic flight from Newfoundland to the British Isles.
    (AP, 6/17/97)(HNQ, 3/8/02)(ON, 12/07, p.8)
1928        Jun 3, Manchurian warlord Chian Tso-Lin died as a result of a bomb blast set off by the Japanese, who were planning to invade and claim Manchuria.
    (HN, 6/3/98)

1928        Jun 4, Ruth Westheimer, sex therapist (WYNY-FM), was born in Germany.
    (MC, 6/4/02)

1928        Jun 5, Robert Lansing, actor (12 O'Clock High, Equalizer), was born in SD, Calif.
    (MC, 6/5/02)

1928        Jun 9, Charles Kingsford-Smith & Charles Ulm were the 1st to fly across the Pacific when they ended their flight from California to Brisbane, Australia.
    (NPub, 2002, p.11)

1928        Jun 10, Maurice Sendak, children's author and illustrator (Where the Wild Things Are), was born.
    (HN, 6/10/01)

1928        Jun 13, John Forbes Nash, Jr. American mathematician, was born in West Virginia. He shared the 1994 Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences (also called the Nobel Prize in Economics) with two other game theorists, Reinhard Selten and John Harsanyi.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Forbes_Nash)

1928        Jun 14, The Republican National Convention in Kansas City nominated Herbert Hoover for president on the first ballot. George Barr Baker was Hoover's confidential advisor during the campaign.
    (AP, 6/14/98)(SFC, 12/30/98, p.A18)
1928        Jun 14, British suffragette Emily Pankhurst (b.1858) died.
    (www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/pankhurst_emmeline.shtml)

1928        Jun 15, Republicans, convening in Kansas City, named Herbert Hoover their candidate for President.
    (HN, 6/15/98)

1928        Jun 16, In San Francisco the new Hotel La Salle opened at 225 Hyde St. The 6-storey hotel had 150 guest rooms, each with its own bathroom.
    (SFC, 6/13/03, p.E5)

1928        Jun 17, Fox Movietone News covered the first night of a NY dance marathon at the Manhattan Casino and took a close-up of the feet of "Shorty" George Snowden. When asked "What are you doing with your feet," Shorty replied, "The Lindy." The Lindy Hop was born in black communities in Harlem, New York in the United States from about 1927 into the early 1930s from four possible sources: the breakaway, the Charleston, the Texas Tommy, and the hop. Four couples remained when the dance marathon was forced by the Health Commissioner to end after 16 days, on July 3. The eight finalists were awarded an equal portion of the $1000 prize at the Savoy Ballroom on Friday, July 6, 1928.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lindy_Hop)(http://tinyurl.com/y8dadpk)
1928        Jun 17, Amelia Earhart embarked on a trans-Atlantic flight from Newfoundland to Wales with pilots Wilmer Stultz and Louis Gordon, becoming the first woman to make the trip as a passenger.
    (ON, 12/07, p.9)(AP, 6/17/08)

1928        Jun 18, Aviator Amelia Earhart became the first woman to fly across the Atlantic Ocean as she completed a flight from Newfoundland to Wales in about 21 hours as a passenger.
    (AP, 6/18/97)(HN, 6/18/98)(HNQ, 3/8/02)
1928        Jun 18, Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen (b.1872) flew to the North Pole with a crew of rescuers to search for the survivors of the dirigible Italia. They were never seen again.
    (ON, 10/00, p.8)(Ind, 4/27/02, 5A)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roald_Amundsen)

1928        Jun 20, Jean-Marie Le-Pen, leader of the National Front party in France, was born.
    (HN, 6/20/98)

1928        Jun 21, Judith Raskin, soprano, was born.
    (HN, 6/21/01)

1928        Jun 22, Moses A. Gunst (75), millionaire cigar retailer and former SF police commissioner, died in Burlingame.
    (Ind, 3/2/02, 5A)

1928        Jun 28, New York Gov. Alfred E. Smith was nominated for president at the Democratic national convention in Houston.
    (AP, 6/28/98)
1928        Jun28-1928 Jun 29, Albert Hegenberger and Lester Maitland accomplished the first nonstop flight across the Pacific.
    (NPub, 2002, p.12)

1928        Jul 1, Avery Hopwood (b.1882), US playwright, died in France. He left a bequest to the Univ. of Michigan that established the Avery and Julie Hopwood Awards in Creative Writing.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Avery_Hopwood)(LSA, Fall/02, p.3)

1928        Jul 2, Pavel Kohout, Czech author (Poor Murderer), was born.
    (SC, 7/2/02)
1928        Jul 2, Britain enacted another Representation of the People Act granting women over 21 the same rights as men. British women over age 30 had voted since 1918.
    (Econ, 5/12/07, p.57)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Women's_suffrage)(ON, 10/2010, p.9)

1928        Jul 4, Cathy Berberian, US singer, was born in Armenia.
    (MC, 7/4/02)
1928        Jul 4, Stephen Boyd, [William Millar], actor (Fantastic Voyage, Ben-Hur), was born in Ireland.
    (MC, 7/4/02)
1928        Jul 4, Jean Lussier became the first person to go over the Niagara Falls in a rubber ball. He went over Horseshoe Falls in the padded ball, which he had built complete with oxygen tanks and which weighed 750 pounds.
    (IB, Internet, 12/7/98)

1928        Jul 6, A preview was held in New York of the first all-talking movie feature, "The Lights of New York."
    (AP, 7/6/97)

1928        Jul 12, The Russian icebreaker Krassin rescued the rest of the dirigible Italia crew members. In 1969 Gary Hogg authored "Airship Over the Pole: The Story of the Italia." In 2000 Wilbur Cross authored "Disaster at the Pole."
    (ON, 10/00, p.8)

1928        Jul 13, Robert N.C. Nix, Jr., first African-American chief justice of a state supreme court, was born.
    (HN, 7/13/98)

1928        Jul 16, Anita Brookner, writer (Hotel du Lac), was born.
    (HN, 7/16/01)

1928        Jul 21, Dame Ellen Terry (b.1847), British actress, died in England. In 2008 Michael Holroyd authored “A Strange Eventful History: The Dramatic Lives of Ellen Terry, Henry Irving and Their Remarkable Families." Her relationship with actor Henry Irving (d.1905) lasted over 2 decades.
    (Econ, 8/30/08, p.79)(WSJ, 3/6/09, p.W6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ellen_Terry)

1928        Jul 26,     Stanley Kubrick (d.1999), American film director, was born in Bronx, NY. His works included Spartacus and 2001: A Space Odyssey.
    (HN, 7/26/98)(SFC, 3/8/99, p.A7)(MC, 7/26/02)
1928        Jul 26, Bernice Rubens, Welsh novelist and filmmaker, was born.
    (HN, 7/26/01)

1928        Jul 28, The Olympics opened at Amsterdam. Track and field events opened for women for the 1st time despite objections from Pope Pius IX. Germany was allowed to participate for the 1st time since WWI.
    (SC, 7/28/02)(NG, 8/04, Geographica)(WSJ, 4/12/08, p.R2)
1928        Jul 28, Mexico's Pres.-elect Alvaro Obregon was murdered. His assassin Juan Excapulario was captured.
    (SFC, 7/18/03, p.E5)

1928        Jul 30, George Eastman showed the 1st color motion pictures in the US. [see Jun 4, 1929]
    (MC, 7/30/02)

1928        Jul 31, Horace Silver, jazz pianist, composer and bandleader, was born.
    (HN, 7/31/01)

1928        Aug 3, Ray Barbuti saved the US team from defeat in Amsterdam Olympics track events by winning 400 m (47.8 sec).
    (SC, 8/3/02)

1928        Aug 7, Amazing Randi (James Randi), skeptic magician (Nova), was born in Toronto, Ontario.
    (MC, 8/7/02)

1928        Aug 9, Bob Cousey, Hall of Fame basketball player and coach of the Boston Celtics , was born.
    (HN, 8/9/98)

1928        Aug 10, The Univ. of California crew won the rowing championship at the Olympics in Holland.
    (SFC, 8/8/03, p.E6)
1928        Aug 10, Eddie Fisher (d.1010), American singer, was born. His hits included "I'm Walking Behind You" and "Oh, My Pa-Pa." 
    (SFC, 9/24/10, p.C6)

1928        Aug 12, The 9th Olympic Games closed in Amsterdam. During the games several women collapsed at the end of the 800-meter run. This led to a 32-year ban on women running in Olympic races over 200 meters.
    (SC, 8/12/02)(SSFC, 4/13/03, p.F1)
1928        Aug 12, Leos Janacek (b.1854), Czech composer, conductor (Sly Little Fox), died. His work included "The Diary of One Who Vanished" based on 22 poems by Josef Kalda of a young farm boy seduced by a Gypsy girl.
    (WSJ, 1/3/96, p.A-7)(WSJ, 6/12/01, p.A20)(MC, 8/12/02)

1928        Aug 13, Fernand de La Tombelle (b.1854), French composer, died.
    (MC, 8/13/02)

1928        Aug 14, Lina Wertmuller, [Arcanguela von Elgg], actress (7 Beauties), was born in Rome.
    (MC, 8/14/02)
1928        Aug 14, The play "Front Page" by Ben Hecht (1894-1964) and Charles MacArthur (1895-1956) premiered in NYC.
    (http://everything2.com/index.pl?node_id=1541419)

1928        Aug 16, The US Navy selected the Oakland municipal airport as the site of a US Naval Reserve aviation base.
    (SFC, 8/15/03, p.E9)

1928        Aug 25, An expedition led by Richard E. Byrd set sail from Hoboken, N.J., on its journey to Antarctica.
    (AP, 8/25/08)

1928        Aug 27, Fifteen nations signed the Kellogg-Briand Peace Pact, also known as the Pact of Paris, outlawing war and calling for the settlement of disputes through arbitration. Forty-seven other countries eventually sign the pact.  The pact was developed by French foreign minister Aristide Briand and U.S. Secretary of State Frank Kellogg. The document did not stipulate any sanctions and allowed for so many exceptions—including wars of ‘self-defense‘ and obligations under the League Covenant and Monroe Doctrine—that the pact was quite ineffective.
    (AP, 8/27/97)(HN, 8/27/98)(HNQ, 10/20/00)
1928        Aug 27, 16 people died in NYC’s 2nd worst subway accident.
    (MC, 8/27/01)

1928        Aug 29, Thomas Stewart, baritone (La Roche Capriccio), was born in San Saba, Texas.
    (MC, 8/29/01)

1928        Aug 30, Ruth Westerheimer, sex therapist (Dr Ruth), was born.
    (MC, 8/30/01)
1928        Aug 30, Jawaharlal Nehru requested the independence of India.
    (MC, 8/30/01)

1928        Aug 31, James Coburn (d.2002), actor (Our Man Flint, Magnificent Seven), was born in Laurel, Nebraska.
    (YN, 8/31/99)(SFC, 11/19/02, p.A2)
1928        Aug 31, Brecht and Kurt Weill’s "The Threepenny Opera" opened in Berlin.
    (HN, 8/31/00)(MC, 8/31/01)

1928        Aug, Amelia Earhart became the 1st woman to make back-to-back solo transcontinental flights as she flew across back forth across America.
    (ON, 12/07, p.9)
1928        Aug, Buck Rogers first appeared as Anthony Rogers in a short space opera, "Armageddon-2419 A.D." by Philip Francis Nowlan, published in the August 1928 issue of Amazing Stories.
    (www.buck-rogers.com/amazing_stories/)

1928        Sep 1, US Boy Scouts planted 3,000 Lincoln Highway posts at one mile intervals across the US. The 1st was at Times Square and the last in San Francisco at the Legion of Honor.
    (SFCM, 9/1/02, p.6)
1928        Sep 1, Albania became a kingdom. Ahmed Zogu, a Muslim chieftain, proclaimed Albania to be a monarchy and established himself as “His Majesty King Zog I." Zogu pressured the parliament to dissolve itself, and a new constituent assembly declared Albania a kingdom with Zogu as Zog I, "King of the Albanians." He obtained Italian aid for modernization and weakened the constitution to arrange for his son to succeed him. The National Assembly gave him a title that translates into “prince."
    (CO, Grolier’s / Albania)(SFC, 6/27/97, p.A16)(www, Albania, 1998)(AP, 12/3/11)

1928        Sep 3, Scottish bacteriologist Alexander Fleming (1881-1955) discovered, by accident, that the mold penicillin has an antibiotic effect.
    (V.D.-H.K.p.354)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander_Fleming)

1928        Sep 6, Robert Pirzig, author, was born. His work included "Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance."
    (HN, 9/6/00)

1928        Sep 9, Julian E "Cannonball" Adderley (d.1975), US, jazz musician (Black Messiah), was born. Adderley was a member of the Miles Davis ensemble of the 1950s, and in the 1960s scored a hit of his own with 'Mercy, Mercy, Mercy'.
    (MC, 9/9/01)

1928        Sep 12, Actress Katharine Hepburn (b.1907) made her stage debut in "The Czarina."
    (MC, 9/12/01)

1928        Sep 17, Actor Roddy McDowall (d.1998) was born in London. His films included "Lassie Come Home," and "Cleopatra." His first movie at age 7 was "Murder in the Family."
    (SFEC, 10/4/98, p.B10)
1928        Sep 17, A hurricane hit Lake Okeechobee, Florida. A levee broke and some 1,800 people drowned. In 2003 the number dead was revised to at least 2,500. In 2003 Eliot Kleinberg authored “Black Cloud: The Great Florida Hurricane of 1928."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1928_Okeechobee_Hurricane)(http://tinyurl.com/9z8o6)

1928        Sep 20, Joyce Brothers, pop psychiatrist ($64,000 question winner), was born in NYC.
    (MC, 9/20/01)

1928        Sep 21, "My Weekly Reader" magazine made its debut.
    (MC, 9/21/01)

1928        Sep 27, The United States said it was recognizing the Nationalist Chinese government.
    (AP, 9/27/97)

1928        Sep 28, Prussia forbade a speech by Adolf Hitler.
    (MC, 9/28/01)

1928        Sep 30, Elie Wiesel, Holocaust survivor, writer (Souls on Fire), best known for his first book "Night" about his own experiences in concentration camps, was born in Romania. He won the Nobel Prize in 1986.
    (HN, 9/30/98)(MC, 9/30/01)

1928        Oct 1, American Tobacco and US Rubber were removed as components of the Dow Jones. They were replaced by American Tobacco Class B and North American Co.   
    (WSJ, 5/28/96, p.R45)
1928        Oct 1, Zhu Rongji, named Premier of China in 1998, was born.
    (SFC, 3/18/98, p.A12)

1928        Oct 2, Clarence Barron (b.1855), author and president of Dow Jones & Co., died.
    (www.newsbios.com/newslum/barron.htm)
1928        Oct 2, Spanish priest Josemaria Escriva de Balaguer (1902-1975) founded Opus Dei, a conservative Catholic organization, in Madrid. In 2002 Pope John Paul II raised him to sainthood.
    (WSJ, 5/19/06, p.A1)(www.josemariaescriva.info/index.php?id_cat=40&id_scat=34)

1928        Oct 4, Alvin Toffler, writer and futurist, was born. His work included "Future Shock" (1970).
    (HN, 10/4/00)(NW, 9/16/02, p.34D)

1928        Oct 6, Chiang Kai-shek was elected the president of China.
    (AP, 10/6/08)
1928        Oct 6, Josip Broz (Tito) was sentenced to 5 years in jail.
    (MC, 10/6/01)

1928        Oct 9, Marcel Pagnol's "Topaz," premiered in Paris.
    (MC, 10/9/01)

1928        Oct 15, The German dirigible Graf Zeppelin landed in Lakehurst, N.J., on its first commercial flight across the Atlantic. It made 590 flights before it was decommissioned in 1937.
    (AP, 10/15/97)(SFC,12/24/97, Z1 p.6)

1928        Oct 16, Benjamin Strong (b.1872), American economist and 14-year head of the US Federal Reserve of New York, died in NYC.
    (Econ, 1/10/09, p.73)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benjamin_Strong_Jr.)

1928        Oct 21, AT&T was removed from the DJIA.
    (WSJ, 4/2/04, p.C1)

1928        Oct 22, Republican presidential nominee Herbert Hoover spoke of the "American system of rugged individualism" in a speech at New York’s Madison Square Garden.
    (AP, 10/22/97)

1928          Oct 23, Francois V. Alphonse Aulard (b.1849), French historian, died.
    (www.fact-index.com/f/fr/francois_victor_alphonse_aulard.html)

1928        Oct 25, An American group, led by James A. Talbot of Richfield Oil, acquired control of the American airplane business of Anthony H.G. Fokker.
    (SFC, 10/24/03, p.E10)
1928        Oct 25, Tony Franciosa (d.2006), later actor and film star, was born in NYC as Anthony Papaleo.
    (SFC, 4/29/98, p.C2)

1928        Oct 26, The Pickwick Stage System filed documents to form a passenger airplane service connecting SF, San Diego and Chicago. It planned to use a fleet of tri-motored, 12 passenger Bach monoplanes.
    (SFC, 10/24/03, p.E10)

1928        Oct, In Rome Mussolini organized the draining of Lake Nemi to get to the remains of Caligula’s sunken pleasure ships.
    (AM, 5/01, p.29)

1928        Nov 1, The Graf Zeppelin set an airship distance record of 6384 km.
    (MC, 11/1/01)

1928        Nov 2, L. Stokovski conducted the premiere of Dmitri Shostakovitch's 1st Symphony, in Phila.
    (MC, 11/2/01)

1928        Nov 1, Under Pres. Mustafa Kemal Ataturk the Turkish Republic's law number 1353, the Law on the Adoption and Implementation of the Turkish Alphabet, was passed. It replaced Arabic script with Latin script and went into effect on Jan 1, 1929.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkish_alphabet)

1928        Nov 4, Arnold Rothstein (46), US mobster, was shot to death at the Grand Hotel in NYC. In 2005 Nick Tosches authored “King of the Jews," a biography of Rothstein.
    (SSFC, 6/12/05, p.B6)

1928        Nov 6, In a first, presidential election results were flashed on an electronic sign outside the New York Times building; Herbert Hoover beat Alfred E. Smith. Norman Thomas was the presidential candidate for the Socialist Party. Hoover won just over 83% of the electoral vote.
    (AP, 11/6/97)(SFC, 2/12/00, p.A21)(HNQ, 11/7/00)

1928        Nov 7, Norton David Zinder, biologist, was born.
    (HN, 11/7/00)

1928        Nov 8, George and Ira Gershwin's musical "Treasure Girl," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 11/8/01)

1928        Nov 9, Anne Sexton (d.1974), Pulitzer Prize-winning poet, was born. "In a dream you are never eighty."
    (AP, 6/5/00)(HN, 11/9/00)

1928        Nov 10, Japanese Emperor Hirohito was enthroned, almost two years after his ascension.
    (AP, 11/10/07)

1928        Nov 11, Carlos Fuentes, Mexican novelist, was born.
    (HN, 11/11/00)

1928        Nov 12, The ocean liner Vestris sank off the Virginia Cape with 328 aboard, killing 111.
    (HN, 11/12/98)

1928        Nov 14, Leonie Rysanek, dramatic soprano (Vienna Munich State Opera, Met Opera), was born.
    (MC, 11/14/01)

1928        Nov 17, The Boston Garden officially opened.
    (MC, 11/17/01)
1928        Nov 17, Notre Dame finally lost a football game after nearly 25 years.
    (MC, 11/17/01)

1928        Nov 18, Walt Disney’s "Steamboat Willie," starring Mickey Mouse, premiered at the Colony Theater in NYC. It was the first successful sound-synchronized animated cartoon.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1928)(AP, 11/18/97)

1928        Nov 19, The 1st issue of Time magazine featured Japanese Emperor Hirohito on cover.
    (MC, 11/19/01)

1928        Nov 20, Mrs. Glen Hyde became the first woman to dare the Grand Canyon rapids in a scow. Her flat bottomed boat used sweep oars for maneuvering.
    (HN, 11/20/98)

1928        Nov 22, "Bolero" by Maurice Ravel made its debut in Paris.
    (AP, 11/22/97)
1928        Nov 22, British King George was confined to bed with congested lung; the queen was to take over duties.
    (HN, 11/22/98)

1928        Nov 23, Jerry Bock, Broadway composer (Fiddler on the Roof), was born in New Haven, Ct.
    (MC, 11/23/01)

1928        Nov 26, Philip Barry's "Holiday," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 11/26/01)
1928        Nov 26, US Justice Byron S. Waite ruled in Brancusi v. United States that Brancusi’s abstract sculpture, “Bird in Space," qualified as part of a new school of art and that Edward Steichen should receive a refund for a tariff he had paid when customs officials classified it under the heading “Table, household, kitchen utensils and hospital supplies." Brancusi (1876-1957) ended up producing 16 different versions of Bird in Space, one of which was donated the New York’s Museum of Modern Art in 1934. In 2005 an early marble version of Bird in Space sold for $27,456,000 in a Christie’s auction to an anonymous bidder.
    (ON, 8/09, p.6)

1928        Nov 29, Paul Simon (d.2003), later Senator of Illinois, was born in Eugene, Or.
    (SFC, 12/10/03, p.A2)

1928        Dec 4, The Golden Gate Bridge and Highway District was formed to design, construct and finance the Golden Gate Bridge.
    (SSFC, 5/20/12, p.E10)

1928        Dec 5, Paraguay initiated a series of clashes, which led to full-scale war with Bolivia in spite of inter-American arbitration efforts. Both belligerents moved more troops into the Chaco Boreal, a wilderness region north of the Pilcomayo River and west of the Paraguay River that forms part of the Gran Chaco. By 1932 war was definitely under way.
    (www.onwar.com/aced/data/charlie/chaco1932.htm)

1928        Dec 6, The Colombian army killed a number of banana workers of the United Fruit Co. in Cienaga near Santa Marta. Estimates of the dead, taken by train and cast into the sea, ranged from 47 to as high as 2,000. The exact number of casualties has never been confirmed.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Banana_massacre)(Econ, 4/26/14, p.90)

1928        Dec 7, Noam Chomsky, writer, linguist and political activist, was born.
    (HN, 12/7/00)

1928        Dec 10, Charles Rennie Mackintosh (b.1868), Scottish architect and designer, died. He designed the walls of Kate Cranston’s first tea rooms in Glasgow (1903). His watercolors included "The Rock" (1927).
    (WSJ, 1/29/97, p.A9)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Rennie_Mackintosh)(WSJ, 4/7/07, p.P14)

1928        Dec 11, Police in Buenos Aires thwarted an attempt on the life of President-elect Herbert Hoover.
    (AP, 12/11/97)

1928        Dec 12, Helen Frankenthaler, abstract painter, was born.
    (HN, 12/12/00)

1928        Dec 13, George Gershwin's musical work "An American in Paris" had its premiere, at Carnegie Hall in New York. The debut was performed by the New York Philharmonic Orchestra under the direction of Walter Damrosch.
    (AP, 12/13/98)(MC, 12/13/01)

1928        Dec 13, The clip-on tie was designed.
    (MC, 12/13/01)

1928        Dec 18, Lucien Capet (55), composer, died.
    (MC, 12/18/01)

1928        Dec 19, The 1st autogiro flight was made in the US. It was a predecessor of the helicopter.
    (MC, 12/19/01)

1928        Dec 20, 1st international dogsled mail left Minot, Maine, for Montreal.
    (MC, 12/20/01)

1928        Dec 21, President Coolidge signed the Boulder Dam bill.
    (HN, 12/21/98)

1928        Dec 23, The National Broadcasting Co. set up a permanent, coast-to-coast network.
    (AP, 12/23/98)

1928        Dec 28, The last recording of Ma Rainey, "Mother of the Blues," was made.
    (MC, 12/28/01)
1928        Dec 28, Louis Armstrong made 78 rpm recording of "West End blues."
    (MC, 12/28/01)

1928        Dec 30, Bo Didley, blues composer and singer famous for his Mockingbird song, was born in McComb, Mississippi. His music included "Pretty Thing," "Diddy Wah Diddy," "Who Do You Love," "Hey Bo Didley," and "Hush Your Mouth." The Bo came from boxing.
    (SFEC, 8/25/96, DB p.71)(HN, 12/30/98)

1928        Sol LeWitt, pioneer of the Conceptual Art Movement, was born.
    (WSJ, 2/28/00, p.A38)

1928        Ariel Sharon (d.2014), Israeli defense minister 1981-1984, was born as Ariel Scheinermann in Kfar Mallal, a part of British-ruled Palestine.
    (SFC, 10/10/98, p.A8)(Econ, 1/18/14, p.90)

1928        Andy Warhol (d.1987) was born in Pittsburgh, Pa. He went to school there and graduated from the Carnegie Institute of Technology.
    (SFEC, 8/13/00, p.T11)

1928        John Steuart Curry, American artist, painted "Baptism in Kansas."
    (SFC, 6/13/98, p.E1)

1928        Raoul Dufy, fauve artist, painted "Open Window at Nice."
    (WSJ, 5/4/99, p.A20)

1928        Georgia O’Keeffe painted "Calla Lilies with Red Anemone." It sold for $6.166 million in 2001.
    (WSJ, 6/15/01, p.W12)

1928        Grant Wood, American artist, encountered the German art movement Neue Sachlichkeit (New Objectivity), while supervising the production of a stained-glass window he had designed for the Cedar Rapids Veterans Memorial Building.
    (Sm, 3/06, p.39)

1928        Sophie Treadwell wrote her play "Machinal." It was expressionist play about a woman who murders to free herself from a suffocating marriage. It was based on the 1927 trial and 1928 execution of Ruth Snyder, the first woman to die in the electric chair in the US. A photographer sneaked a photo of her death at Sing Sing Prison in Ossining, N.Y.
    (SFEC, 2/9/97, DB p.33)(SFEC, 9/14/97, Par p.14)

1928        The Mae West play "Diamond Lil" cemented her bawdy image.
    (SSFC, 4/15/01, DB p.35)

1928        Herbert Asbury authored "The Gangs of New York." In 2002 it was made into a film.
    (SFC, 12/30/02, p.D1)

1928        Edward Bernays authored “Propaganda" a seminal work in public relations. He held that a handful of trend-setters and corporate communicators were charged with the responsibility of shaping public opinion.
    (WSJ, 11/25/06, p.P10)

1928        Radclyffe Hall (b.1880-1943) published "The Well of Loneliness," a novel intended as a cry about the plight of "congenital inverts," her term for lesbians. It caused a big stir in England and a trial for obscenity. In 1999 Diana Souhami published "The Trials of Radclyffe Hall."
    (SFEC, 8/8/99, BR p.1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radclyffe_Hall)

1928        F.L. Hawks, British author, published his "Short History of Shanghai."
    (Hem. 1/95, p. 84)

1928        Janusz Korczak (d.1942), pediatrician and writer, authored “King Matt the First," the story of an orphan boy who becomes king and enacts laws favorable to children.
    (SSFC, 10/10/04, Par p.17)

1928        "Coming of Age in Samoa" by Margaret Mead was published. Franz Boas had sent Mead to study the lives of adolescent girls. Boas held that the surrounding culture determines all human action and that thus human nature lacks a biological component. In 1983 Derek Freeman published "Margaret Mead in Samoa," in which he laid waste Mead's portrayal of 1920s Samoan society. Other books on the Mead controversy followed and in 1999 Freeman published "The Fateful Hoaxing of Margaret Mead: A Historical Analysis of Her Samoan Research."
    (SFEC, 8/18/96, BR p.7)(WSJ, 3/3/99, p.A17)

1928        "A House at Pooh Corner" by A.A. Milne was published.
    (Hem., 8/96, p.96)

1928        The Oxford English Dictionary (O.E.D.) was first published with over 414,000 entries. It was begun in 1879 and edited by Prof. James Murray (d.1915) with assistance from William Minor, an American ex-army surgeon. In 1998 Simon Winchester authored "The Professor and the Madman," the story behind the creation of the dictionary.
    (WSJ, 9/14/98, p.A30)(SFEC, 10/18/98, BR p.7)(WSJ, 10/12/05, p.D13)

1928        Virginia Woolf wrote "Orlando," a novelistic letter to Vita Sackville-West.
    (WSJ, 8/22/96, p.A12)

1928        The Philip Barry play "Holiday" was staged in New York. It was later made into a film with Katherine Hepburn and Cary Grant.
    (WSJ, 12/6/95, p.A-18)(SFC, 3/13/00, p.B2)(SFC, 3/13/00, p.B2)

1928        Eugene O'Neill wrote his play "Strange Interlude."
    (SFEC, 5/30/99, DB p.37)

1928        In the US the "Amos ‘n’ Andy Show" began on the radio featuring two white vaudeville actors in black voice.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1928)

1928        Charlie Chaplin said: "Moving pictures need sound as much as Beethoven symphonies need lyrics.". He didn‘t make an all-sound feature until The Great Dictator (1940).
    (HNQ, 8/29/00)

1928        The album "Vol. 4, Louis Armstrong and Earl Hines" was recorded on Columbia Legacy. Also this year Armstrong dropped his word sheet during a vocal of "Heebie Jeebies" and improvised. This was later claimed to mark the beginning of scat singing.
    (SFC, 7/4/97, p.D9)(SFC, 7/4/98, p.E3)

1928        Gene Autry recorded "That Silver-Haired Daddy of Mine" written with Jimmy Long in NYC. The success of the record won Autry a contract with Columbia Records and a role in the weekly "National Barn Dance" radio show.
    (SFC, 10/3/98, p.A14)

1928        Russian guitarist Savelli Walevitch recorded "The Many Wonders of the Steppes" in Camden, New Jersey. A. Dobrohotov displayed an amazing balalaika workout on the recording of "Kamarinskaya." Both are part of the assembled music of the 4-part CD series "The Secret Museum of Mankind - Ethnic Music Classics: 1925-1948," by Pat Conte on the Yazoo label.
    (NH, 6/97, p.66)

1928        The US Library of Congress began to record folk music under the direction of Carl Engle: "This centralized collection should comprise all the poems and melodies that have sprung from our soil or have been transplanted here, and have been handed down, often with manifold changes, from generation to generation, as a precious possession of our folk.
    (WSJ, 11/20/97, p.A20)

1928        The Los Angeles City Hall at First and Spring streets was built. It was the city’s tallest building until the late 1950s. It was Renaissance tower atop a Greek temple supported by a classical base.
    (USAT, 10/8/97, p.4D)
1928        The 30-foot cast-iron Point Montara Lighthouse, shipped in from Cape Cod, was rebuilt at Point Montara in San Mateo Ct.
    (SFEC, 5/25/97, p.T3)(Ind, 3/31/01, 5A)(SFC, 6/14/08, p.B2)
1928        In San Francisco O’Connor, Moffat & Co. was built at Stockton and O’Farrell Streets. The site later was taken by Macy’s.
    (SSFC, 7/21/02, p.F2)
1928        In San Francisco Fire Station 34 was built at 499 41st Ave.
    (SSFC, 8/19/12, p.D2)
1928        A group of Italian men in San Francisco formed Il Cenacolo to support Italian art, music, language and culture.
    (SSFC, 2/29/04, p.E1)
1928        San Francisco’s Pacific Rod and Club was formed. In 1934 it moved to a site at Lake Merced with a month-to-month lease.
    (SFC, 7/17/12, p.C2)
1928        In SF Rafael Homes, a family owned business, opened as a direct importer of hand-crafted furniture from Italy.
    (SFEM, 11/3/96, p.21)
1928        The Avenue Sweet Shop and Fountain Shop opened on San Bruno Avenue in the Portola District of southeast SF.
    (SFEC, 1/4/04, p.5)
1928        In SF Joe’s Lunch improvised a late night meal for big band vocalist Bunny Burson. It was a concoction of eggs, ground beef, spinach, onions, and mushroom’s  and named "Joe’s Special."
    (Hem., 5/97, p.24)
1928        In SF the ice cream and oatmeal cookie sandwich called "It’s-It" was invented at Playland-at-the-Beach by owner George Whitney. The made-to-order  It’s It sandwich was a disk of vanilla ice-cream between 2 oatmeal cookies dipped in melted chocolate. The trademark was acquired by Jamal’s Enterprises in 1974.
    (SFEC, 3/8/98, p.W30)(SFC, 5/20/98, Z1 p.3)
1928        A.P. Giannini of SF bought the small Bank of America in NYC. He then wrapped his East Coast Banks under the corporate parent Transamerica Corp. with New York banker Elisha Walker as CEO.
    (SFC, 4/14/98, p.B1)
1928        In SF "Levi's" became a trademark. Walter Haas Sr. succeeded Sigmund Stern, the nephew of Levi Strauss, as president.
    (SFC, 4/29/03, B1)

1928        John Ringling, circus entrepreneur, purchased some 2,300 artifacts of the Cesnola collection from the NYC Metropolitan Museum at an auction.
    (AM, 7/97, p.70)

1928        Newspapers across the US published "Visiting the World Children," a geography aid for American kids with pictures that were to be colored and clipped. Book No.34 was titled "Some Children in Estonia, the Potato Republic."
    (BN, V.15, No.55, p.1)

1928        Hugo Gernsbach began a magazine called "All About Television." The cover featured a family gathered around a TV set watching football.
    (SFEC, 9/3/00, Z1 p.2)

1928        RKO Pictures was founded. They released such classics as King Kong, the early Astaire-Rogers musicals and Citizen Kane.
    (NT, 8/15/98)

1928        Uwajimaya, a family-owned Japanese grocery store, opened in Seattle.
    (WSJ, 10/31/96, p.A21)

1928        In Chicago the Int'l Early Birds organization for early aviators was founded. Members included solo fliers prior to Dec 17, 1916. The last member, George D. Grundy Jr., died in 1998 at age 99.
    (SFC, 5/26/98, p.B2)

1928        "The expression "false friends" (for similar words in two languages that have different meanings) originally comes from the French "faux amis", a term used for the first time in 1928 by Koessler and Derocquigny in their book "Les faux amis ou les trahisons du vocabulaire anglais" (Vuibert)..."
    (http://www.santesson.com/engfalsk.htm)

1928        James Morgan remarked: "God must have loved the common people - He made so many of them."
    (SFEC, 5/31/98, Z1 p.8)

1928        The ice cream and oatmeal cookie sandwich called "It’s-It" was invented at Playland-at-the-Beach in SF.
    (SFEC, 3/8/98, p.W30)

1928        Charles Roman (d.1999 at 92) met bodybuilder Charles Atlas (d.1972 at 78) and founded Charles Atlas Ltd. to promote bodybuilding.
    (SFC, 7/21/99, p.C3)

1928        Herbert Hoover won the presidency over the Catholic, Al Smith.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1928)

1928        Supreme Court Justice Louis Brandeis gave a dissenting opinion in the Olmstead vs. US case in which the court upheld the use of wiretaps in an investigation of bootlegging. "Our government is the potent, the omnipresent teacher. For good or for ill, it teaches the whole people by its example... If the government becomes a lawbreaker, it breeds contempt for the law; it invites every man to become a law unto himself; it invites anarchy... To declare that in the administration of criminal law the end justifies the means—to declare that the government may commit crimes in order to secure the conviction of a private criminal—would bring terrible retribution." This was quoted by Timothy McVeigh during his formal sentence to death in 1997 for the bombing of the federal building in Oklahoma.
    (SFC, 8/15/97, p.A3)

1928        The Seven Member Rule was enacted and specified that government agencies must turn over information if it is requested by 7 members of the House Government Reform Committee or 5 members of the Senate Governmental Affairs Committee.
    (SFC, 1/26/02, p.A4)

1928        Louisiana ended its state revenue producing forced labor program.
    (WSJ, 7/16/01, p.A1)

1928        On Wall Street stock prices climbed in wild speculation.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1928)

1928        The Dow Jones was expanded to 30 stocks.
    (WSJ, 6/3/96, p.C1)

1928        The Alexander's department store chain was founded by George S. Farkas (d.1980).
    (SFC, 7/29/99, p.C4)

1928        Coca-Cola began sales in Africa. By 2008 Coca Cola claimed to be the largest private sector employee in Africa.
    (Econ, 7/5/08, p.58)

1928        Cadillac developed synchronous mesh transmission and modern safety glass.
    (F, 10/7/96, p.68)

1928        Chrysler bought the Dodge brothers’ engine business and introduced the Plymouth brand. Chrysler also introduced hydraulic brakes and the Chrysler Series 72 finished 3rd and 4th at Le Mans.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)(WSJ, 6/1/00, p.A20)

1928        DuPont enlisted a team of engineers to conduct pure research under Wallace Carothers, who began to synthesize polymers. He invented nylon (1930) and led the way to new fabrics such as Orlon, Dacron, Kevlar, and Lycra.
    (WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R46)

1928        The John H. Daniel Co. was founded in Knoxville, Tennessee, for producing men’s suits. By 2004 global competition led the company to import tailors from Turkey.
    (WSJ, 4/12/05, p.A1)

1928        The Hearst Corp. acquired the first of many radio stations.
    (SFC, 8/7/99, p.A9)

1928        The Motorola Corp. began as the Galvin Manufacturing Co. founded by Paul Galvin.
    (WSJ, 11/15/96, p.A3)

1928        Transcontinental Air Transport, the forerunner of Trans World Airlines (TWA), was incorporated. Thomas B. Eastland acquired enough shares to become the West Coast Director. Clement M. Keys was president and hired Charles Lindbergh as chairman of the technical committee.
    (Ind, 11/16/02, 5A)
1928        The first diesel powered aircraft, a modified Stinson, took to the air.
    (Econ, 9/6/08, TQ p.8)

1928         Paul Dirac developed the mathematics that predicts the existence of antimatter. His theory explained mathematically why the electron had spin ½, that is why it didn’t look the same if you turned it through one complete revolution but did if you turned it through two revolutions.
    (NG, May 1985, J. Boslough, p. 654)(BHT, Hawking, p.68)

1928        John von Neumann, mathematician, conceived the strategies of game theory. In 2000 Robert Wright authored "Nonzero: The Logic of Human Destiny." In the 40’s and 50’s Neumann and John Nash developed game theory as a branch of mathematics.
    (WSJ, 1/23/97, p.A12)(Econ, 1/22/05, p.75)

1928        Rutherford published a paper describing an experiment in which he bombarded a uranium target with very fast alpha particles emitted by polonium-214.
    (SCTS, p.124)

1928        Waldo Lonsbury Semon (d.1999 at 100), a chemist for B.F. Goodrich, invented polyvinyl chloride. He received a patent for PVC in 1933. In 1940 he invented the synthetic rubber named Ameripol.
    (SFC, 5/29/99, p.A23)

1928        Walter E. Diemer (23), an accountant for Fleer Chewing Gum in Philadelphia, began testing recipes for a gum base. He invented the first batch of bubble gum, making it pink because that was the only shade of food coloring on hand. It was sold under the Dubble Bubble name for a penny.
    (SFC, 1/13/98, p.A19)(SFC, 8/2/99, p.A22)

1928        The Rocky Mountain Biological Laboratory (RMBL) was founded as an independent, nonprofit research station. It was headquartered in a former mining camp called Gothic in Colorado’s High Elk Corridor.
    (LP, Spring 2006, p.13)

1928        The Bear River Migratory Bird Refuge, a 74,000 acre National Wildlife Refuge in Utah, was established.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bear_River_Migratory_Bird_Refuge)

1928        Frank Lloyd Wright announced that he would establish his own school of architecture. He took in 60 students for $300 in tuition plus voluntary labor at his Taliesin homestead in Spring Green, Wisconsin. In 2006 Roger Friedland authored “The Fellowship," an account of Wright and his students.
    (WSJ, 8/25/06, p.W5)

1928        California voters approved a $6 million state park bond act.
    (www.parks.ca.gov/?page_id=940)
1928        Nearly 2,000 people died on California highways.
    (SFC, 8/13/04, p.F4)

1928        William "Big Bill" Hopson, pioneer US airmail pilot, died in a plane crash.
    (WSJ, 12/4/97, p.A22)

1928        Medardo Rosso (b.1858), Italian sculptor, died. His work included "Aetas aurea" (Golden age, 1886/87). Rosso is described as an "Impressionist sculptor" because he was interested in capturing the fleeting appearance of things.
    (WSJ, 10/16/03, p.D8)

1928        Ruth Snider was electrocuted. [photo]
    (SFEM,10/26/97, p.4)

1928        Benjamin Strong, president of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, died. He pushed a policy of easy money until he died.
    (WSJ, 2/1/00, p.B1)

1928        UCB, a Belgian drug firm, was founded by Emmanuel Janssen.
    (Econ, 9/30/06, p.71)

1928        Ivan Merz (32), Bosnian Croat intellectual and theologian, died of meningitis. He was beatified in 2003 by Pope John Paul II.
    (AP, 6/22/03)

1928        Norman Angell (1872-1967), English journalist, made one venture into economics, when he invented a card game, described in “the Money Game" (1928). This was an attempt to explain matters such as deflation and inflation in visual terms which the ordinary person could understand.
    (www.samuelbrittan.co.uk/text160_p.html)
1928        John Spedan Lewis, son of the John Lewis, formed a partnership with the employees of the department store founded by his father. The business was founded in 1864 when John Lewis set up a draper's shop in Oxford Street, London.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Lewis_Partnership)

1928        In Denmark Palle Huld (d.2010) won a competition organized by Danish newspaper that wanted to send a teenager would-be-reporter around the globe. For 44 days the 15-year-old traveled to North America, Japan, Siberia and Germany, and was greeted by 20,000 people upon his return to Copenhagen. Herge, the pen name of Belgian author Georges Remi, heard of Huld's journey which reportedly inspired him to create Tintin, the globe-trotting reporter.
    (AP, 12/5/10)
1928        Maria Feodorovna (b.1847), the daughter of Denmark's King Christian IX and Queen Louise, died in Denmark. Princess Dagmar had married Russia’s Czar Alexander II and their six children included Nicholas II, who became czar in 1894. She fled St. Petersburg in 1917. Her casket rested alongside Danish kings and queens until 2006 when it was sent to Russia.
    (AP, 9/23/06)

1928        The Muslim Brotherhood was founded in Egypt by Hasan al-Banna (d.1949), a young school teacher and scouting enthusiast. His plan was to re-Islamicize society by teaching the fundamentals of Islam in everyday language. He set up welfare organizations and was famous for his commitment to social justice. In 1946 a branch opened in Syria and branches began spreading across the globe.
    (WSJ, 9/7/04, p.A20)(Econ, 6/4/05, p.44)(WSJ, 7/12/05, p.A12)(Econ, 6/18/11, p.54)
1928        In Egypt Pierre Montet, a French archeologist, began excavations at Tanis. He was convinced that the ruins there were of Pi-Rameses, capital of Rameses the Great. However it was later determined that many of the artifacts had been brought there from Qantir by the kings of Dynasties 21 and 22, as they built their new Delta capital. In the late 1930s and 1940s an entire complex of tombs was found intact at Tanis.
    (Arch, 5/05, p.18)

1928        Finland signed the Berne Convention on Copyright (1886).
    (Econ, 2/18/12, ILp.21)

1928        In Germany Artur Axmann (1913-1996) joined the Hitler Youth. He later was appointed by Hitler to lead the Hitler Youth. In 1949 war trials he was sentenced to 39 months imprisonment, which the court ruled as already served from pre-trial detention.
    (SFC, 11/7/96, p.B4)
1928        Gun control, the Law on Firearms and Ammunition, was introduced to Germany under the Weimar regime (there was no Right to Arms in the Constitution of 1919) in large part to disarm the nascent private armies, e.g. the Nazi SA (aka "the brownshirts"). The Weimar government was attempting to bring some stability to German society and politics.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gun_legislation_in_Germany)

1928        In Dublin, Ireland, the Gate Theater playhouse was founded by Michael MacLiammoir and Hilton Edwards.
    (WSJ, 8/5/96, p.A10)

1928        In India British colonial authorities began to print money.
    (WSJ, 8/29/96, B1)

1928        In Iraq Mohammed Mahdi al-Jawahri, classical Arab poet, published "Between Passion and Feeling."
    (SFC, 8/2/97, p.A21)

1928        The city of Taxco, famous for its silver shops, was declared a national monument. The highway from Mexico City reached Taxco.
    (SFEC, 11/10/96, p.T6)(SFEC, 11/8/98, p.T7)

1928        The city of Valladolid, Mexico, was renamed to Morelia, after the local priest Jose Maria Morelos, a hero of the war of independence from Spain. It is the capital of the state of Michoacan. It is near here at Angangueo that the Monarch butterfly comes from Nov. to Feb.
    (Hem, Nov.’95, p.146)

1928        In Rarotonga, Cook Islands, Robert Dean Frisbie, American expatriate South Seas writer, stated "I have hunted long for this sanctuary."
    (SFEC, 1/5/97, p.T7)

1928        In Russia Galina Ulanova (1910-1988), ballerina, made her debut in Leningrad’s Maryinsky Ballet.
    (SFEC, 3/22/98, p.C5)
1928        Stalin introduced the 1st Soviet Five-Year Plan. Stalin pushed his farm collectivization program killing and displacing millions of peasants.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1928)(WSJ, 2/24/04, p.D8)
1928        Stalin reversed his view on rapid industrialization and Bukharin's power diminished. Although Bukharin participated in writing the 1936 Soviet constitution, he was ultimately expelled from the Communist Party in 1937 for being a Trotskyite, was falsely accused and found guilty of counterrevolutionary activities and espionage. Bukharin was executed in 1938.
    (HNQ, 8/31/99)
1928        In the USSR a show trial of the North Caucasus Shakhty engineers paved the way for Stalin’s consolidation of power in 1929. They were accused of sabotaging coal production in Shakhty on orders from the Germans. The trial initiated a period of terror against technicians and engineers. The trial resulted in five of the 53 accused engineers being sentenced to death and another 44 sent to prison.
    (Econ, 4/4/09, p.53)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shakhty_Trial)
1928        Stalin began his plan for the resettlement of Jews to Birobidzhan, an area of land the size of Belgium on the Russian-Chinese border. It was officially declared the Jewish Autonomous Region and by 1930 some 230,000 people lived in colonies there. Yiddish language and culture was fostered but worship was forbidden.
    (SFEM, 5/24/98, p.4)
1928        The Soviets began planning the Jewish Autonomous Region in Siberia. By 1931 there were 40,000 people living there in an area larger than Switzerland.
    (SFC, 7/18/96, p.E6)
1928        Bertram and Ella Goldberg Wolfe, American activists in the Comintern, went to Moscow as guests of the Communist Party. The Comintern was Communism's international governing body. Bertram clashed with Stalin over the idea of "American Exceptionalism," where the US model could be different from the Marxist-Leninist model. The Wolfe's were put under house arrest for 6 months until the intervention of Dr. Julius Hammer.
    (SFC, 1/17/00, p.C2)

1928        The Winter Olympic were held at St. Moritz, Switz.
    (SSFC, 1/23/05, p.E14)
1928        Switzerland’s 1st ski school was introduced at St. Moritz.
    (SSFC, 1/23/05, p.E14)
1928        Jean-Leon Reutter, a Swiss engineer, developed the Atmos clock, which was powered by changes in the atmosphere. LeCoultre & Cie bought the patent in 1935 and began making the clock a year later. In 1937 the Swiss company became Jaeger-LeCoultre.
    (SFC, 11/19/08, p.G6)

1928        Frederick Bruce Thomas (b.1872), an American-born black businessman, died in Constantinople. Thomas had made Moscow his home in 1899 where he renamed himself Fyodor Fyodorovich Tomas and became one of the city’s richest owners of variety theaters and restaurants. The Bolshevik Revolution ruined him. He escaped with his family to Constantinople in 1919. He made a second fortune by opening nightclubs that introduced jazz to Turkey. The long arm of American racism, the xenophobia of the new Turkish Republic, and Frederick’s own extravagance landed him in debtor’s prison. In 2012 Vladimir Alexandrov authored “The Black Russian," a biography of Thomas.
    (SSFC, 2/10/13, p.F2)

1928        In Venezuela a student movement shook, but failed to dislodge the dictatorship of General Juan Vicente Gomez.
    (Econ, 11/17/07, p.45)

1928-1929    Tommy Johnson, bluesman, was popular in the Mississippi Delta. His music is on "Tommy Johnson Complete Recordings."
    (NH, 9/96, p.62)

1928-1931    Fats Waller wrote "Honeysuckle Rose," "Ain’t Misbehavin," "Crazy ‘Bout My Baby," "Handful of Keys," "Sweet Savannah Sue," "I’ve Got A Feeling I’m Falling," and "Minor Drag."
    (SFEM, 10/6/96, p.16)

1928-1933    In Germany the Munich Illustrated Press was edited by Hungarian-born Stefan Lorant (d.1997 at 96). He later wrote "Sieg Heil!: An Illustrated History of Germany from Bismarck to Hitler" in 1974.
    (SFC,11/19/97, p.C5)

1928-1938    The Trans-Iranian Railway is constructed. 865 miles long it extends from the Caspian Sea to the Persian Gulf.
    (NG, Sept. 1939, Baroness Ravensdale, p.337)

1928-1948    The candidate of the Socialist Party, Norman Thomas, ran for the office of President of the U.S. in every election over this period. His largest popular vote tally was 881,951 in 1932.
    (HNQ, 8/18/98)

1928-1972    The Alberta Sterilization Act caused over 2,000 Albertans to be sterilized in order to prevent the mentally handicapped from passing on potentially defective genes. In 1998 the government agreed to compensate nearly 500 people who were sterilized without their consent.
    (SFC, 6/6/98, p.A11)

1928-1997    Eugene Shoemaker, astronomer, became known as the father of planetary impact geology. He discovered the Shoemaker-Levy 9 comet that slammed into Jupiter in 1994.
    (NH, 9/97, p.88)

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