Timeline 1952

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1952        Jan 3, A revived "Pal Joey" opened at Broadhurst Theater, NYC, for 540 performances.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pal_Joey_%28musical%29)
1952        Jan 2, In Korea British pilot Desmond Fredrick William Hinton (b.1922) was shot down while on a bombing run targeting railway infrastructure. In 2011 North Korea handed his re-mains over to British officials.
    (AP, 5/4/11)(www.atimes.com/atimes/Korea/KH14Dg01.html)

1952        Jan 3, "Dragnet" with Jack Webb premiered on NBC TV.
    (MC, 1/3/02)

1952        Jan 4, The French Army in Indochina launched Operation Nenuphar in hopes of ejecting a Viet Minh division from the Ba Tai forest.
    (HN, 1/4/00)

1952        Jan 5, PM Churchill arrived in Washington to confer with Pres. Truman.
    (HN, 1/5/01)

1952        Jan 7, French forces in Indochina launch Operation Violette in an effort to push Viet Minh forces away from the town of Ba Vi.
    (HN, 1/7/00)

1952        Jan 8, Antonia Maury, discoverer of supergiant, giant & dwarf stars, died.
    (MC, 1/8/02)

1952        Jan 9, Jackie Robinson became the highest paid player in Brooklyn Dodger history.
    (HN, 1/9/98)

1952        Jan 11, Jordan adopted a constitution, which enshrined the king’s right to hire and fire unelected prime ministers.
    (Econ, 2/5/11, p.32)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constitution_of_Jordan)

1952        Jan 12, The Viet Minh cut the supply lines to the French forces in Hoa Bihn, Vietnam.
    (HN, 1/12/99)

1952        Jan 13, Cornelius Bumpus, keyboardist (Doobie Bros-Minute by Minute), was born.
    (MC, 1/13/02)

1952        Jan 14, NBC’s TV show "Today" with Dave Garroway (d.1982) and Jack Lescoulie had its debut. Garroway left the show in 1961. The news announcer was James Fleming (1915-1996). The theme music was "Sentimental Journey." Hugh Downs hosted from 1962-1971. Barbara Walters hosted from 1974-1976. Tom Brokaw hosted from 1976-1981. Jane Pauley hosted from 1976-1989. Bryant Gumbel hosted from 1982-1997.
    (SFC, 7/13/96, p.A5)(SFC, 8/19/96, p.C2)(AP, 4/8/97)(AP, 1/14/98)(SFC, 1/11/02, p.D19)(MC, 1/14/02)

1952        Jan 20, British troops occupied Ismalia, Egypt. [see Nov 18, 1951]
    (HN, 1/20/99)

1952        Feb 5, New York adopted the three-colored traffic lights.
    (HN, 2/5/99)

1952        Feb 6, The SF Chronicle reported that Tom Keen, manufacturer of racetrack tote boards, was blown to bits gangland style at his San Mateo home when he pushed the starter on his Cadillac Fleetwood sedan.
    (SFC, 2/1/02, p.G6)
1952         Feb 6, Britain's King George VI died of lung cancer. His daughter, Elizabeth II, succeeded him.
    (AP, 2/6/97)(WSJ, 8/10/00, p.A16)(SSFC, 3/31/02, p.A3)

1952        Feb 8, Elizabeth was formally proclaimed Queen of England following the Feb 6 death of her father, King George VI. Elizabeth was crowned Jun 2, 1953.
    (HN, 2/8/98)(WSJ, 2/13/02, p.A21)

1952        Feb 13, Alfred Einstein (71), German-US musicologist, died.
    (MC, 2/13/02)

1952        Feb 16, The FBI arrested 10 members of the Ku Klux Klan in North Carolina.
    (HN, 2/16/98)
1952        Feb 16, Jan Kerouac (d.1996), novelist daughter of Jack Kerouac, was born. Her books included "Baby Driver" (1981) and "Trainsong" (1988).
    (SFC, 6/7/96, p.A22)( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jan_Kerouac)

1952        Feb 18, Two tanker ships broke apart off Cape Cod. 14 men died in the wrecks, 9 of 41 on the Pendleton and 5 of 43 on the Fort Mercer.
    (SSFC, 2/1/09, p.B7)

1952        Feb 19, Amy Tan, novelist (The Joy Luck Club, The Kitchen God’s Wife), was born.
    (HN, 2/19/01)
1952        Feb 19, There was a French offensive at Hanoi.
    (MC, 2/19/02)
1952        Feb 19, Knut Hamsun (b.1859), Norwegian writer, died. He won the Nobel Prize in literature in 1920. His work included "From the Cultural Life in Modern America" (1889), "Hunger," "The Growth of the Soil," "Victoria," and "An Overgrown Path." A film portrait of his life was produced in 1997. In 2009 Ingar Sletten Kolloen authored “Knut Hamsun: Dreamer and Dissenter.”
    (SFEC, 4/20/97, DB p.47-49)(Econ, 11/7/09, p.79)

1952        Feb 20, "African Queen" opened at Capitol Theater in NYC.
    (MC, 2/20/02)

1952        Feb 21, Dick Button performed 1st figure skating triple jump in competition.
    (MC, 2/21/02)
1952        Feb 21, Bangladesh Martyrs Day (martyrs of Bengali Language Movement).
    (MC, 2/21/02)

1952        Feb 22, The U.S. signed a military aid pact with Peru.
    (HN, 2/22/98)
1952        Feb 22, French forces evacuated Hoa Binh in Indochina.
    (HN, 2/22/99)

1952        Feb 24, The French evacuated Hoa Binh in Vietnam in order to mass for the Tonkin Delta drive.
    (HN, 2/24/99)

1952        Feb 25, French colonial forces evacuated Hoa Binh in Indochina.
    (HN, 2/25/99)

1952        Feb 26, The U.S. signed a military aid pact with Ecuador.
    (HN, 2/26/98)
1952        Feb 26, Prime Minister Winston Churchill announced that Britain had developed its own atomic bomb.
    (AP, 2/26/98)
1952        Feb 26, A Netherlands-Indonesian Unity conference took place.
    (SC, 2/26/02)

1952        Feb 29, The first pedestrian "Walk/Don't Walk" signs were installed at 44th Street and Broadway at Times Square.
    (HN, 2/29/00)

1952        Feb, The US Federal Reserve obtained gold buttons, coins and pipe ornaments from the US high commissioner for Germany. The Federal Reserve acted as a custodian of gold for the Tripartite Commission. The gold was turned into negotiable gold for distribution to European countries.
    (SFC, 12/1/97, p.A10)

1952        Mar 1, In SF Municipal Railway workers received a wage increase of 9.4 cents effective July 1. This raised their hourly rate to $1.73.
    (SFC, 3/1/02, p.G8)
1952        Mar 1, Egyptian government-Ali Maher Pasja resigned.
    (SC, 3/1/02)
1952        Mar 1, Helgoland, in North Sea, was returned to West Germany by Britain.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1952        Mar 3, "Whispering Streets" debuted on ABC Radio, remaining on the air until Thanksgiving week, 1960. The end of that show brought down the curtain on what is called "the last day of the radio soap opera" (November 25, 1960).
    (HC, Internet, 3/3/98)
1952        Mar 3, The U.S. Supreme Court upheld New York's Feinberg Law banning Communist teachers in the U.S.
    (HN, 3/3/99)
1952        Mar 3, Puerto Rico approved their 1st self written constitution.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1952        Mar 4, Ronald Reagan and Nancy Davis were married in the San Fernando Valley, north of Los Angeles.
    (AP, 3/4/98)
1952        Mar 4, North Korea accused the U.N. of using germ warfare.
    (HN, 3/4/98)

1952        Mar 5, Terence Rattigan's "Deep Blue Sea," premiered in London.
    (MC, 3/5/02)

1952        Mar 7, The U.S. signed a military aid pact with Cuba.
    (HN, 3/7/98)

1952        Mar 10, General Fulgencio Batista staged a coup in Cuba and overthrew the Socarras government.
    (WSJ, 7/10/02, p.D8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fulgencio_Batista)

1952        Mar 11, Douglas Adams, British writer, (The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy), was born.
    (HN, 3/11/01)

1952        Mar 14, J. Fred Muggs, chimp on the Today show, was born.
    (MC, 3/14/02)

1952        Mar 17, A US ban on the word “tornado” was lifted. The ban had started in 1886 when the US Army, which handled weather forecasting, determined that the harm done by predicting a tornado would be greater than that done by the tornado itself.
    (SFC, 3/17/09, p.D6)

1952        Mar 18, The 1st plastic lens for cataract patients was fitted in Phila.
    (MC, 3/18/02)
1952        Mar 18, There was a Communist offensive in Korea.
    (MC, 3/18/02)

1952        Mar 20, At the Academy Awards "An American in Paris" was named best picture; Humphrey Bogart best actor for "The African Queen"; Vivien Leigh best actress, Kim Hunter best supporting actress and Karl Malden best supporting actor for "A Streetcar Named Desire"; and George Stevens best director for "A Place in the Sun."
    (AP, 3/20/02)

1952        Mar 21, The Moondog Coronation Ball was held at the Cleveland Arena. It was promoted by Alan Freed and was later cited as the 1st rock concert. The only band to perform was one led by Paul Williams, before  fire marshals closed the show.
    (SFC, 10/7/02, p.A19)
1952        Mar 21, Some 31 storms crossed 6 states killing 340 in South Central US.
    (MC, 3/21/02)
1952        Mar 21, A.J. Pieters, SS-Untersturmfuhrer, was executed.
    (MC, 3/21/02)
1952        Mar 21, Wilhelm Albrecht, German SD-chief, was executed.
    (MC, 3/21/02)

1952        Mar 22, Bob Costas, sportscaster and talk show host, was born in Queens, NY.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bob_Costas)
1952        Mar 22, US Navy pilot Kenneth Schechter (d.2013) was among a group of pilots ordered to bomb North Korean rail and truck lines. Schechter’s plane was hit and he was blinded, but managed to make a landing guided by group leader Lt. Howard Thayer.
    (SFC, 12/25/13, p.D2)

1952        Mar 24, Great demonstrations took place against apartheid in South Africa.
    (MC, 3/24/02)

1952        Mar 25, The U.S., Britain, and France rejected the Soviet proposal for an armed, reunified, neutral Germany.
    (HN, 3/24/98)

1952        Mar 26, F. Dürrenmatt's "Die Ehe des Herrn Mississippi" premiered in Munich.
    (SS, 3/26/02)

1952        Mar 27, Elements of the U.S. Eighth Army reached the 38th parallel in Korea, the original dividing line between the two Koreas.
    (HN, 3/27/99)
1952        Mar 27, There was a failed assassination attempt of German Chancellor Adenauer.
    (MC, 3/27/02)

1952        Mar 29, Pres. Harry Truman removed himself from the presidential race.
    (HN, 3/29/98)
1952        Mar 29, SF Archbishop John J. Mitty announced that Pope Pius XII had elevated Mission Dolores to the status of a Minor Basilica, the 1st west of the Mississippi and the 4th in the US.
    (SFC, 3/29/02, p.AG4)

1952               Apr 1,  The Big Bang theory was proposed in Physical Review by Alpher, Bethe & Gamow.
    (OTD)

1952        Apr 3, Dutch Queen Juliana spoke to the US Congress.
    (MC, 4/3/02)

1952        Apr 8, President Truman, to avert a strike, ordered the Army to seize the nation’s steel mills after companies rejected Wage Stabilization Board recommendations. Truman’s attempt to take over the US steel industry was later denied by the Supreme Court and the mills were shut down by strikers for 8 weeks [see Jun 2].
    (TMC, 1994, p.1952)(AP, 4/8/97)(HN, 4/8/98)(SFEC, 11/14/99, p.B10)(SFC, 10/4/02, p.A17)

1952        Apr 9, A popular uprising in Bolivia broke the grip by three families on the rich silver and tin lodes of Oruto and Potosi in the altiplano. This led to the state owned Minera de Bolivia known as Camibol. Hernan Siles Zuazo led the revolution that brought far-reaching social and economic reforms. Feudalism was replaced with universal suffrage. Every business of note was passed into the hands of the state.
    (WSJ, 5/23/96, p.A-9)(SFC, 8/8/96, p.A22)(WSJ, 8/15/95, p. A-6)(MC, 4/9/02)

1952        Apr 10, The MGM movie musical "Singin' in the Rain," starring Gene Kelly, was first released.
    (AP, 4/10/02)

1952        Apr 12, A telephone strike was settled in Michigan but continued in Northern California for a 5th day.
    (SFC, 4/12/02, p.G6)

1952        Apr 15, President Harry Truman signed the official Japanese peace treaty.
    (HN, 4/15/98)
1952        Apr 15, The 1st B-52 prototype test flight was made.
    (MC, 4/15/02)
1952        Apr 15, Franklin National Bank issued the 1st bank credit card.
    (MC, 4/15/02)

1952        Apr 17, The California Supreme Court ruled that Sei Fujii, a non-citizen issei, could purchase and own property in his own name. Chief Justice Phil S. Gibson, aided by Justices Edmonds, Carter, and Traynor, wrote the majority opinion. Justice Schauer, along with Justices Shend and Spence, wrote the dissenting opinion.
    (www.nps.gov/history/history/online_books/5views/5views4h81.htm)

1952        Apr 21, BOAC began 1st passenger service with jets from London to Rome.
    (MC, 4/21/02)

1952        Apr 22, An atomic test conducted at Yucca Flat, Nevada, became the first nuclear explosion shown on live network television.
    (AP, 4/22/99)(SFC, 4/19/02, p.G3)

1952        Apr 23, Hoyt Wilhelm hit a home run in his 1st major league at bat, then went on to pitch more than 1,000 games in the next 21 baseball seasons. He never hit another homer.
    (AARP, 1/05, p.69)
1952        Apr 23, Oil pipeline from Kirkuk, Iraq, to Banias was completed.
    (MC, 4/23/02)
1952        Apr 23, Elisabeth Schumann, singer, died.
    (MC, 4/23/02)

1952        Apr 25, American Bowling Congress approved use of an automatic pinsetter.
    (SS, 4/25/02)
1952        Apr 25, President Juan Peron of Argentina won re-election.
    (HN, 4/25/98)

1952        Apr 26, US minesweeper "Hobson" rammed the aircraft carrier "Wasp," and 176 were killed.
    (MC, 4/26/02)
1952        Apr 26, In Denmark the body of a man dating to the 3rd century BC was discovered in peaty swamp near the village of Grauballe, Jutland. Upon excavation it was moved to the Prehistoric Museum in Aarhus, where it underwent research and conservation.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grauballe_Man)(SSFC, 8/10/14, p.L6)

1952        Apr 28, War with Japan officially ended as a treaty that had been signed by the United States and 47 other countries took effect. Japan regained independence. The government immediately revoked Japanese nationality from ethnic Koreans, called zainichi. Those loyal to north Korea were called Soren and those loyal to South Korea were called Mindan.
    (AP, 4/28/00)(Jap. Enc., BLDM, p. 216)(Econ, 6/3/06, p.40)
1952        Apr 28, Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower stepped down to run for President.
    (MC, 4/28/02)

1952        May 1, Marines took part in an atomic explosion training in Nevada.
    (MC, 5/1/02)
1952        May 1, Mr. Potato Head was introduced.
    (MC, 5/1/02)
1952        May 1, TWA introduced tourist class.
    (MC, 5/1/02)

1952        May 2, Christine Baranski, actress (Maryann-Cybill, Birdcage, Sweeney Todd), was born in Buffalo, NY.
    (MC, 5/2/02)
1952         May 2, The British Overseas Aircraft Corporation (BOAC), the national British carrier, introduced the world’s 1st commercial jet airliner service. Initial flights took passengers from London to Johannesburg in South Africa, with stops. The British De Havilland Comet, the first commercial jetliner, was grounded later this year after a series of fatal crashes. Its flaws were fixed and the plane went on to deliver years of reliable service.
    (www.centennialofflight.gov/essay/Commercial_Aviation/Opening_of_Jet_era/Tran6.htm)(Econ, 1/19/13, p.65)

1952         May 3, The first airplane landed at geographic North Pole. It was a ski-modified U.S. Air Force C-47, piloted by Lieutenant Colonel William P. Benedict (d.1974) of California and Lieutenant Colonel Joseph O. Fletcher of Oklahoma. In 2002 Charles B. Compton authored "Born to Fly: Some Life Sketches of Lieutenant Colonel William P. Benedict."
    (Polar Times, Fall, 97)(CBC)

1952        May 5, A Pulitzer prize awarded to Herman Wouk (Caine Mutiny).
    (MC, 5/5/02)

1952        May 6, Maria Montessori (b.1870), Italian physician, educationist, died In Holland. She opened her 1st school in San Lorenzo, Italy, in 1907.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maria_Montessori)(SFC, 1/6/07, p.B1)

1952        May 7, In Korea, Communist POW’s at Koje-do rioted against their American captors.
    (HN, 5/7/98)

1952        May 8, Beth Henley, Pulitzer Prize-winning playwright (Crimes of the Heart), was born.
    (HN, 5/7/02)
1952        May 8, Allied fighter-bombers staged the largest raid of the war on North Korea.
    (HN, 5/8/98)

1952        May 13, Minor-league pitcher Ron Necciai struck out 27 in 9-innings.
    (SS, Internet, 5/13/97)
1952        May 13, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru became premier of India.
    (MC, 5/13/02)

1952        May 15, California’s Central Valley Regional Water Pollution Control Board issued resolution No. 127 barring entry of perchlorate and 8 other chemicals into local groundwater and the American River. Medical researchers soon published that perchlorate blocks the uptake of essential iodide into the thyroid. Aerojet Corp., a rocket fuel manufacturer, objected and continued untreated discharges.
    (WSJ, 12/16/02, p.A9)
1952        May 15, Italo Montemezzi (76), composer, died.
    (MC, 5/15/02)

1952        May 16, Pierce Brosnan, actor (Remington Steele, Golden Eye), was born in County Meath, Ireland.
    (MC, 5/16/02)

1952        May 18, Professor WF Libby said Stonehenge dated back to 1848 BC.
    (SC, 5/18/02)
1952        May 18, Rossetter Gleason Cole (86), composer, died.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1952        May 19, John Garfield (39), blacklisted film actor, died. His films included "The Postman Always Rings Twice" (1946).
    (SFC, 1/27/04, p.A16)

1952        May 21, IBM introduced its 701 Electronic Data Processing System, the first commercially successful computer. It was withdrawn from marketing on October 1, 1954.
    (http://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/701/701_1415bx01.html)(Econ, 3/10/12, p.97)

1952        May 24, The AFL Sailor’s Union ordered a 3-day walkout to tie up the Pacific Coast shipping to help in wage demands.
    (SFC, 5/24/02, p.G8)

1952        May 29, Louise Cooper, sci-fi author (Nemesis, Inferno, Infanta, Nocturne), was born in UK.
    (SC, 5/29/02)
1952        May 29, A 2nd Round Conference between Dutch Antilles and Suriname ended.
    (SC, 5/29/02)

1952        May 31, In San Francisco the first Golden Gate Park Road Race was held with some 60 cars vying for first place. The races continued again in 1953 and ended in 1954.
    (SFC, 5/28/12, p.C1)
1952        May 31, Walter Schellenberg, German lawyer, headed spy plot (Venlo), died of cancer.
    (MC, 5/31/02)

1952        May, Monsignor Eugene Fahy (1912-1996), missionary, was released by the Chinese Communists from jail in Shanghai. He recovered in a Hong Kong hospital and went on to found the Fujen University in Taipei.
    (SFC, 8/28/96, p.C2)

1952        Jun 2, The US Supreme Court ruled in favor of steelworkers, who then began a 53-day walkout demanding wage and benefit increases.
    (SFC, 4/9/09, p.B2)
1952        Jun 2, Philosopher John Dewey died at age 92.
    (MT, Fall. ‘97, p.19)

1952        Jun 3, A rebellion by North Korean prisoners in the Koje POW camp in South Korea was put down by American troops.
    (HN, 6/3/98)

1952        Jun 4, Parker Stevenson, actor (The Hardy Boys Mysteries, Baywatch, Melrose Place, Falcon Crest), was born.
    (MC, 6/4/02)

1952        Jun 7, Orhan Pamuk, Turkish novelist, was born in Istanbul. In 2003 he won the IMPACV Dublin Literary Award for his book "My Name Is Red." In 2004 he authored the highly acclaimed “Snow.”
    (WSJ, 8/13/03, p.D4)(SFC, 10/20/04, p.E1)

1952        Jun 10, Pres. Truman tried to nationalize the steel industry. [see Apr 8]
    (MC, 6/10/02)

1952        Jun 14, The USS Nautilus, the first atomic submarine, was dedicated in Groton, Connecticut.
    (HN, 6/14/98)

1952        Jun 16, "Anne Frank: Diary of a Young Girl" was published in the United States.
    (HN, 6/16/98)
1952        Jun 16, Soviet Fighters shot down a Swedish Catalina reconnaissance flight.
    (MC, 6/16/02)

1952        Jun 17, John Whiteside Parsons (b.1914), rocket scientist, died following an explosion at his home in southern California. In 2005 George Pendle authored “Strange Angel: the Otherworldly Life of Rocket Scientist John Whiteside Parsons.”
    (www.forteantimes.com/articles/132_parsons.shtml)(SSFC, 2/20/05, p.B2)

1952        Jun 19, The celebrity-panel game show "I've Got A Secret" made its debut on CBS-TV with Garry Moore as host.
    (AP, 6/19/07)

1952        Jun 20, John Goodman (actor: Roseanne, The Flintstones, The Babe), was born.
    (MC, 6/20/02)

1952        Jun 23, The US Air Force bombed power plants on Yalu River, Korea.
    (HN, 6/23/98)

1952        Jun 24, Eddie Arcaro set a thoroughbred racing record for American jockeys by winning his 3,000th horse race.
    (MC, 6/24/02)

1952        Jun 30, "The Guiding Light," a popular radio program, made its debut as a television soap opera on CBS.
    (AP, 6/30/97)

1952        Jun, The Goon Show began on the BBC Home Service. It had started as the show "Crazy People."
    (SFC, 11/28/96, p.B6)

1952        Jul 1, Dan Aykroyd (comedian, actor: Driving Miss Daisy, Grosse Point Blank, Coneheads, Saturday Night Live, Dragnet, Ghostbusters, The Blues Brothers), was born.
    (MC, 7/1/02)

1952        Jul 2, Linda M. Godwin, PhD, astronaut (STS 37), was born in Cape Girardeau, Missouri.
    (SC, 7/2/02)

1952        Jul 3, Dr. Forest Dewey Dodrill (1902-1997) of Wayne State Univ. used a mechanical heart pump to operate on a patient at Detroit’s Harper Hospital. This was regarded as the world’s first successful use of a mechanical pump in open-heart surgery.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dodrill-GMR)

1952        Jul 7, The American ocean liner SS United States, known as "the Big U," crossed the Atlantic in record 82:40, while on her maiden voyage.
    (USAT, 1/20/04, p.14A)

1952        Jul 11, The Republican National Convention, meeting in Chicago, nominated Dwight D. Eisenhower for president and Richard M. Nixon for vice president. Theodore Roosevelt McKeldin (1900-1974), the governor of Maryland (1951-1959), gave the nominating speech.
    (AP, 7/11/97)(Econ, 10/10/09, p.23)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theodore_McKeldin)

1952        Jul 14, SS United States crossed the Atlantic in 84:12,  a record westward.
    (MC, 7/14/02)

1952        Jul 15, Jesse Ventura, [James Janos], wrestler, actor, politician (MN Governor), was born.
    (MC, 7/15/02)

1952        Jul 16, Stewart Copeland, drummer (Police: Fall Out, Every Breath You Take, LP: The Equalizer & Other Cliffhangers), was born.
    (MC, 7/16/02)

1952        Jul 21, Robin Williams, American comedian and actor, was born in Chicago, Ill.
    (HN, 7/21/98)
1952        Jul 21, A 7.7 earthquake destroyed the Kern County town of Tehachapi near Bakersfield, Ca. and killed 14 people.
    (SFEC, 11/14/99, p.B10)(SFC,12/9/97, p.A9)

1952        Jul 23, General Mohammed Neguib seized power in Egypt. There was a revolution in Egypt, King Farouk I abdicated. Col. Gamal Abdel Nasser overthrew the monarchy and established Egyptian sovereignty after 2,300 years of foreign domination. The revolution was led by the group of Free Officers headed by Gamal Abdel Nasser and included Kamal Eddin Hussein.
    (AP, 7/23/97)(NG, May 1985, p.584)(HFA, '96, p.34)(TMC, 1994, p.1952)(SFC, 6/22/99, p.A24)

1952        Jul 24, President Truman announced a settlement in a 53-day steel strike.
    (AP, 7/24/02)
1952        Jul 24, Pres. Truman commuted Oscar Collazo’s death sentence to life imprisonment. On the same day he signed an act enlarging the self-government of Puerto Rico. [See Nov 1, 1950]
    (AP, 11/1/97)(HN, 11/1/98)(HNQ, 1/24/02)
1952        Jul 24, In Iraq-Jordan a disgusted military overthrew the corrupt government of King Farouk.
    (MC, 7/24/02)

1952        Jul 25, Goethe Link Observatory discovered asteroid #1788 Kiess.
    (SC, 7/25/02)
1952        Jul 25, Puerto Rico became a self-governing commonwealth of the United States.
    (AP, 7/25/97)

1952        Jul 26, Adlai E. Stevenson was nominated for president by the Democratic National Convention in Chicago; John J. Sparkman was nominated for vice president.
    (AP, 7/26/97)
1952        Jul 26, Argentina’s first lady, Eva Peron, died of cancer in Buenos Aires at age 33.
    (AP, 7/26/97)

1952        Jul 26, King Farouk I of Egypt abdicated in the wake of a coup led by Gamal Abdel Nasser.
    (AP, 7/26/97)

1952        Jul, Egyptian Prince Muhammed Abdel Monem (1899-1979) headed a regency committee that ruled from July 1952 to June 1953, when the new rulers of Egypt turned the country into a republic. Prince Monem had married Ottoman Princess Neslihan Sultan in 1940. In 1957 they returned to Istanbul.
    (AP, 4/3/12)

1952        Aug 1, Jo Stafford (1917-2008), pop star singer during the 1940s and 1950s, entered the Billboard charts with the song “You Belong To Me.” It was her  greatest hit, topping the charts in both the United States and the United Kingdom (the first song by a female singer to top the UK chart) and remained on the chart for 24 weeks.
    (SFC, 7/19/08, p.B5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/You_Belong_to_Me_(1952_song))
1952        Aug 1, Kemmons Wilson (d.2003) opened the first Holiday Inn just outside Memphis, Tenn.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)

1952        Aug 2, Paul David Crews, murderer (featured in the FBI Most Wanted List), was born in SC.
    (MC, 8/2/02)

1952        Aug 3, Jay North, actor (Dennis the Menace, Maya), was born in North Hollywood, Calif.
    (SC, 8/3/02)
1952        Aug 3, The 15th Olympic Games concluded in Helsinki. US competitors won 40 gold medals.
    (SFC, 8/2/02, p.E4)(SC, 8/3/02)

1952        Aug 4, Helicopters from the U.S. Air Force Air Rescue Service landed in Germany, completing the first transatlantic flight by helicopter in 51 hours and 55 minutes of flight time.
    (HN, 8/4/00)

1952        Aug 5, In LA, Ca., 14 Communist leaders were convicted of conspiring to overthrow the US government. 6 of the defendants were from SF, one was from Oakland.
    (SFC, 8/2/02, p.E4)

1952        Aug 11, In Jordan King Talal abdicated the throne to Prince Hussein due to mental illness.
    (SFC, 2/6/99, p.A13)

1952        Aug 14, Alfred Sauvy (1898-1990), a French economist, first used the term “Third World,” in an article published in the French magazine L'Observateur. He used it to describe the importance of underdeveloped countries. He was paraphrasing a remark by Emmanuel-Joseph Sieyes, a delegate to the Estates General in 1789, who said the third estate is everything, has nothing  but wants to be something.
    (Econ, 1/30/10, p.18)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfred_Sauvy)(Econ, 6/12/10, p.65)

1952        Aug 17, Kathryn C. Thornton, PhD, astronaut, was born in Montgomery, Alabama.
    (SC, 8/17/02)

1952        Aug 18, Chile, Ecuador and Peru signed the Declaration on the Maritime Zone. On Jan 27 the Int’l. Court of Justice ruled on the sea border between Chile and Peru. It confirmed Chile’s hold over inshore waters rich in fish.
    (http://tinyurl.com/nx4o9uz)(Econ, 2/1/14, p.30)

1952        Aug 20, Russia's Stalin met China's Chou Enlai.
    (MC, 8/20/02)

1952        Aug 23, Arab League security pact went into effect.
    (MC, 8/23/02)

1952        Aug 27, Paul Reubens (Pee-wee Herman), actor (Pee-wee's Big Adventure), was born in Peekskill, NY.
    (MC, 8/27/02)

1952        Aug 28, Rita Dove, Pulitzer Prize-winning poet, was born.
    (HN, 8/28/00)

1952        Aug 29, In the largest bombing raid of the Korean War, 1,403 planes of the Far East Air Force bombed Pyongyang, North Korea.
    (HN, 8/29/98)

1952        Sep 1, Sutro Baths in SF was purchased by developer George Whitney. He sold it to the National Parks Service in 1977.
    (SFC, 4/14/99, Z1 p.4)(SC, 9/1/02)

1952        Sep 2, Jimmy Connors tennis champion, was born. His wins included: Australian Open [1974], Wimbledon [1974, 1982], U.S. Open [1974, 1976, 1978, 1982, 1983].
    (MC, 9/2/01)
1952        Sep 2, Dr. Floyd J. Lewis 1st used a deep freeze technique in heart surgery.
    (MC, 9/2/01)

1952        Sep 6, Canadian television broadcasting began in Montreal.
    (AP, 9/6/97)
1952        Sep 6, The 9th US Circuit Court of Appeals upheld a conviction against Harry Bridges as a Communist who lied to obtain US citizenship.
    (SFC, 9/6/02, p.E3)
1952        Sep 6, An engine on a de Havilland 110 plane falls into a crowd at Farnborough Air Show in England. Thirty people on the ground and the pilot are killed.
    (AP, 7/27/02)

1952        Sep 7, The 369-foot passenger liner Princess Kathleen, launched in 1924, ran aground and sank near Juneau, Alaska. There was no loss of life.
    (SFC, 2/22/10, p.A6)(www.greatships.net/princesskathleen.html)
1952        Sep 7, General Mohammad Naguib (1901-1984) formed an Egyptian government and became premier. Naguib served as Egypt’s 1st president. He was dismissed in Nov, 1954.
    (MC, 9/7/01)(www.presidency.gov.eg)

1952        Sep 8, The Ernest Hemingway novel "The Old Man and the Sea" was published. Hemingway won the Pulitzer Prize for the work in 1953.
    (TL, 1988, p.114)(SFEC, 7/18/99, p.D5) (AP, 9/8/99)

1952        Sep 10, Germany and Israel signed the Luxembourg Agreement, an accord about recovery payments. West Germany agreed to pay Israel a sum of 3 billion marks over the next fourteen years. It was signed by West German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer, Israeli Foreign Minister Moshe Sharett and World Jewish Congress President Nahum Goldmann.
    (http://tinyurl.com/etznn)(http://tinyurl.com/h6n7m)

1952        Sep 11, Eritrean-Ethiopian federation act was signed and Eritrea became an independent (federated) nation. Washington, worried an emergent Eritrea would come under Soviet influence, had arranged for it to be yoked in a federation to U.S. client Ethiopia.
    (AP, 1/3/05)(http://nazret.com/history/)

1952        Sep 12, Soviet Lt. Dobrovichin shot down an American B-29 bomber piloted by Capt. Ted G. Royer.
    (WSJ, 6/13/00, p.A1)
1952        Sep 12, Noel Coward's "Quadrille," premiered in London.
    (MC, 9/12/01)

1952        Sep 13, John Melville, federal housing administrator, announced that all adults living in San Francisco Bay Area federally aided public housing will be asked to sign a loyalty affidavit under the Levering Act. Refusal would be grounds for eviction.
    (SFC, 9/13/02, p.E2)

1952        Sep 25, Christopher Reeve, NYC, actor (Superman, Somewhere in Time), was born.
    (MC, 9/25/01)

1952        Sep 20, Scientists confirmed that DNA holds hereditary data.
    (HN, 9/20/98)

1952        Sep 23, Rocky Marciano became the world heavyweight boxing champion by knocking out Jersey Joe Walcott in the 13th round, in Philadelphia PA. It was Rocky’s 43rd consecutive victory. This was the 1st closed circuit pay-TV telecast of a sports event.
    (MC, 9/23/01)
1952        Sep 23, Republican vice-presidential candidate Richard M. Nixon went on television to deliver what came to be known as the "Checkers" speech as he refuted allegations of improper campaign financing. Nixon denied that he maintained a private slush fund and all financial allegations except for the gift of a cocker spaniel dog named Checkers from a Texan who heard that his daughters wanted a puppy. Some 30 million television viewers watched as Nixon, Dwight Eisenhower‘s running mate in the upcoming presidential elections, made a plea for sympathy and vindication in light of charges he was living a lifestyle beyond the means of his $12,500 Senate salary. In 1997 plans were underway to exhume the dog and rebury it near the former president.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1952)(SFC, 4/28/97, p.A5)(AP, 9/23/97)(HNQ, 10/12/99)

1952        Sep 25, Christopher Reeve, actor (Superman, Somewhere in Time), was born in NYC.
    (MC, 9/25/01)
1952        Sep 25, The American Federation of Labor broke a 71-year precedent and endorsed Democratic candidate Adlai Stevenson.
    (SFC, 9/20/02, p.E6)

1952        Sep 26, George Santayana (88), US philosopher and poet (Last Puritan), died in Italy. He was a student and professor at Harvard but left the US in 1912. His work includes: "The Life of Reason" and "Realms of Being;" a novel "The Last Puritan;" and autobiography "Persons and Places." In 2000 Irving Singer authored "George Santayana: Literary Philosopher."
    (WSJ, 11/7/00, p.A24)(AP, 9/26/06)

1952        Sep 30, The motion picture process Cinerama—which employed three cameras, three projectors and a deeply curved viewing screen—made its debut with the premiere of "This Is Cinerama" at the Broadway Theater in New York City.
    (AP, 9/30/97)

1952        Sep, In Lebanon alleged corruption and growing opposition to the Khuri government led to a general strike that forced his resignation. Khuri was succeeded by Camille Chamoun.
    (HNQ, 12/24/00)

1952        Oct 2, Clive Barker, writer (Hellraiser, Lord of Illusions), was born.
    (MC, 10/2/01)

1952        Oct 3, The situation comedy "Our Miss Brooks," formerly a radio show, premiered on CBS with Eve Arden again in the title role. Robert Rockwell played her love interest, the biology teacher
    (AP, 10/3/02)(SFC, 1/28/03, p.A15)
1952        Oct 3, The 1st video recording on magnetic tape was made in LA, Ca.
    (MC, 10/3/01)
1952        Oct 3, The British detonated their 1st atomic bomb, a 25-kiloton device, in the Monte Bello Islands off Australia. In 1998 a visit to the islands was limited to one hour due to lingering radiation.
    (SFC, 1/2/99, p.A14)(SFC, 3/13/02, p.A26)(AP, 10/3/08)

1952        Oct 4, Pres. Truman arrived in SF to campaign for Democratic presidential candidate Adlai Stevenson.
    (SFC, 10/4/02, p.E4)

1952        Oct 7, Vladimir Putin, president of Russia (2000-), was born in Leningrad. He became aide to reformist Leningrad Mayor Anatoly Sobchak, then deputy mayor in 1994. Became President Boris Yeltsin's deputy chief of staff in 1996; in 1998 became head of Federal Security Service, KGB's main successor. Appointed prime minister in August 1999.
    (AP, 3/14/04)
1952        Oct 7, The 1st "Bandstand" broadcast in Philadelphia on WFIL-TV. Dick Clark joined in 1955 as a substitute-host. [see 1956]
    (SFC, 11/10/99, p.E3)(SFC, 4/15/00, p.D3)(MC, 10/7/01)
1952        Oct 7, The first patent for a bar code type product (US Patent #2,612,994) was issued to inventors Joseph Woodland and Bernard Silver.
    (http://inventors.about.com/library/inventors/blbar_code.htm)

1952        Oct 8, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Republican presidential candidate, arrived in SF and drew a crowd of 100,000 for a downtown ticker tape parade.
    (SFC, 10/4/02, p.E4)

1952        Oct 11, Researchers at UC Berkeley announced the discovery of a new polio vaccine that could be manufactured in large quantities. It had not yet been tested on humans.
    (SFC, 10/11/02, p.E7)

1952        Oct 18, The California state Supreme Court outlawed the UC special loyalty oath, but upheld the Levering Act, which imposed a loyalty pledge on all state, county and city employees.
    (SFC, 10/18/02, p.E2)

1952        Oct 20, Edward S. Curtis (b.1868), Seattle-based photographer, died in Los Angeles. In 1900 he had accompanied ethnographer George bird Grinnell to a reservation Montana to take photographs of Blood, Blackfeet and Algonquin Indians gathered there for their annual sun dance. In 1906 he announced plans for 20-volume work documenting Western Indians, The North American Indian. His first volume was published in 1907. The last two volumes appeared in 1930.
    (ON, 6/12, p.9)(http://curtis.library.northwestern.edu/curtis/timeline.html)

1952        Oct 23, The Nobel Prize for Medicine was awarded to Ukrainian-born microbiologist Selmart A. Waksman for his discovery streptomycin, the 1st antibiotic to successfully treat tuberculosis.
    (HN, 10/23/00)(SFC, 1/11/01, p.C16)

1952        Oct 24, Republican presidential candidate Dwight D. Eisenhower declared in Detroit, "I shall go to Korea" as he promised to end the conflict if elected. He made the visit over a month later.
    (AP, 10/24/07)

1952            Oct 26, Hattie McDaniel (b.1895) actress (Gone With the Wind), died in Woodland Hills, Ca., of breast cancer. She was the first black actor/actress to receive an Academy Award. In 2005 Jill Watts authored “Hattie McDaniel: Black Ambition, White Hollywood.”
    {Black History, Filmstar}
    (www.imdb.com/name/nm0567408/)(SSFC, 10/30/05, p.M3)

1952        Oct 29, A syndicate headed by SF oil man Ralph K. Davies bought control of American President Lines with an $18.4 million cash bid.
    (SFC, 10/25/02, p.E8)
1952        Oct 29, French forces launched Operation Lorraine against Viet Minh supply bases in Indochina.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Lorraine)

1952        Oct 30, Dr. Albert Schweitzer (1875-1965) was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize but only received it in 1953. Schweitzer and his wife Hélène had moved to Gabon (French Equatorial Africa) in 1913 and opened a hospital in Lambaréné, which he later expanded with money from the Nobel Peace Prize.
    (AP, 10/30/97)(HNPD, 9/4/98)
1952        Oct 30, Clarence Birdseye sold the 1st frozen pea package.
    (MC, 10/30/01)

1952        Oct 31, The Stratford Shakespearean Festival of Canada was incorporated as a legal entity. It was organized by Tom Patterson. The 1st performance opened Jul 13, 1953.
    (WSJ, 7/18/02, p.D10)
1952        Oct 31, A CIA report, declassified in 2005, said ex-Colonel Hattori Takushiro had led plans since the beginning of July for a coup d'etat against Japan’s PM Shigeru Yoshida. Hattori’s colleague Masanobu Tsuji talked the group out of the coup.
    (SFC, 3/1/07, p.A11)

1952        Aug, Mad Magazine, cover dated for October, came out with its first issue. It was co-founded by Harvey Kurtzman and Will Elder.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mad_(magazine))(SFEC, 12/20/98, Z1 p.8)(SFC, 3/3/99, Z1 p.4)

1952        Oct 6, The play "Mousetrap" by Agatha Christie (1890-1976) premiered in Nottingham.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Mousetrap)

1952        Oct, The film “Parasakthi” was released in Tamil Nadu, India. It was written by M. Karunanidhi as a propaganda vehicle for a new political party. He went on to enjoy four stints as the state’s chief minister.
    (Econ, 6/8/13, p.45)

1952         Nov 1, The United States exploded the first hydrogen bomb, codenamed "Ivy Mike," in a test at Eniwetok in the Marshall Islands. The elements Einsteinium and Fermium were discovered in the debris of the 1st hydrogen bomb test. In 2002 Greg Herken authored "Brotherhood of the Bomb: the Tangled Lives and Loyalties of Robert Oppenheimer, Ernest Lawrence and Edward Teller."
    (AP, 11/1/07)(NH, 7/02, p.35)(SSFC, 10/12/02, p.M1)(SFC, 7/3/10, p.C4)

1952        Nov 2, Dixie Lee Crosby (40), wife of Bing Crosby, died in Hollywood from cancer.
    (SFC, 11/1/02, p.E7)
1952        Nov 2,    In Britain Derek Bentley (19) and Christopher Craig (16) tried to break into a warehouse in South London. Craig shot and killed Police Constable Sidney Miles. Bentley, who had the mental age of 11, was hanged in Jan., 1953, for his role in the murder of the police officer and Craig went to prison for 10 years. The 1991 film "Let Him Have It" was based on the story of Bentley as was the Elvis Costello song "Let Him Dangle." Bentley’s conviction was overturned in 1998.
    (SFC, 7/31/98, p.A16,18)

1952        Nov 3, David Ho, virologist, AIDS researcher, was born.
    (HN, 11/3/00)
1952        Nov 3, Egypt protested German retribution payments to Israel.
    (MC, 11/3/01)

1952        Nov 4, Dwight D. Eisenhower (Ike) was elected president the 34th president, defeating Democrat Adlai Stevenson in presidential elections. The Republicans took over for the first time in 20 years. A Univac computer in Philadelphia predicted the results based on early returns. Richard Nixon was vice president.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1952)(AP, 11/4/97)(HN, 11/4/98)(SJM, 5/1/01, p.1C)
1952        Nov 4, A magnitude 9.0 quake in Kamchatka caused damage but no reported deaths, despite setting off 30-foot (9.1-meter) waves in Hawaii.
    (AP, 2/27/10)

1952        Nov 6, Dmitri Shostakovitch's cantata "About our Fatherland," premiered.
    (MC, 11/6/01)

1952        Nov 7, Felix Bloch (47) of Stanford Univ. and E.M. Purcell (40) of Harvard won the Nobel Prize in Physics for their work on measuring the magnetic properties of atomic particles.
    (SFC, 10/8/01, p.A17)

1952            Nov 9, Chaim Weizmann (b.1874), Russian-born bio-chemist and 1st president of Israel (1949-1952), died.
    (www.jafi.org.il/education/100/people/bios/weiz.html)

1952        Nov 10, U.S. Supreme Court upheld the decision barring segregation on interstate railways.
    (HN, 11/10/98)
1952        Nov 10, San Francisco columnist Stanton Delaplane introduced Irish coffee to America at the Buena Vista Cafe at the end of the Hyde St. cable line. He discovered the drink at Shannon Airport in Ireland, served by Joe Sheridan and perfected it with the help of Buena Vista owners Jack Koeppler and George Freeberg.
    (SFEC, 3/8/98, p.W30)(SFC, 11/16/02, p.A1)(SSFC, 11/9/08, p.B6)
1952        Nov 10, Trygve Halvdan Lie resigned as 1st secretary-general of UN.
    (MC, 11/10/01)

1952        Nov 13, False fingernails were 1st sold.
    (MC, 11/13/01)
1952        Nov 13, Harvard’s Paul Zoll was the first to use electric shock to treat cardiac arrest.
    (HN, 11/13/98)
1952        Nov 13, Margaret Wise Brown (d.1952), author of "Goodnight Moon," a children’s bedtime story, died suddenly in France from an embolism following surgery for an ovarian cyst. In 1992 Leonard Marcus authored her biography "Awakened by the Moon."
    (WSJ, 9/8/00, p.A6)

1952        Nov 15, Newark Airport reopened after closing earlier in the year because of an increase in accidents.
    (HN, 11/15/98)

1952        Nov 19, Scandinavian Airlines opened a commercial route from Canada to Europe.
    (HN, 11/19/98)

1952        Nov 20, George Axelrod's "7 Year Itch," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 11/20/01)

1952        Nov 22, A US military plane crashed near Anchorage, Alaska. All 52 crew members were believed killed. Wreckage was spotted on a melting glacier in 2012. By 2014 the remains of 17 were recovered and identified. The remains of 35 others were not yet recovered.
    (SFC, 6/19/14, p.A10)

1952        Nov 25, The Mousetrap, mystery writer Agatha Christie's first play—opened in London, and is still running. Originally written as a radio play for Queen Mary, The Mousetrap premiered at the Ambassadors Theatre. The play was relocated to St. Martin's Theatre in 1974 where it continues its record-breaking run in the West End to this day. As may be surmised, the cast has changed several times.
    (HNQ, 5/13/01)
1952        Nov 25, George Meany was appointed chairman of AFL.
    (MC, 11/25/01)

1952        Nov 26, Helen Frankenthaler (b.1928), New York artist, created her painting “Mountains and Sea.” It was later recognized as her arrival as a major artist and a work that changed the course of abstract art.
    (WSJ, 11/8/08, p.W11)
1952        Nov 26, The 1st modern 3-D film "Bwana Devil" starred Robert Stack and premiered. It was made in 3-D by cameraman Lothrop Worth (d.2000 at 96) and inspired a series of 1950s 3-D movies.
    (SFC, 3/18/00, p.A21)(MC, 11/26/01)

1952        Nov 29, President-elect Dwight D. Eisenhower kept his campaign promise to visit Korea to assess the ongoing conflict.
    (AP, 11/29/97)
1952        Nov 29, In San Francisco a Pacific Heights mansion at 2030 Broadway opened as the American Academy of Asian Studies, the 1st accredited US graduate school devoted exclusively to Asian lands and people.
    (SFC, 11/29/02, p.E9)
1952        Nov 29, A plane carrying CIA paramilitary officers on their first overseas assignment, John T. Downey (22) of New Britain, Conn., and Richard G. Fecteau (25), of Lynn, Mass., was shot down over Jilin province. Pilots, Robert C. Snoddy (31), a native of Roseburg, Ore., and Norman A. Schwartz (29) of Louisville, Ky., did not survive. Downey and Fecteau were captured. They had been assigned to a covert program called "Third Force," intended to create a resistance network. Fecteau was released by China in December 1971 and Downey in March 1973, shortly after President Richard Nixon publicly acknowledged Downey's CIA connection.
    (SFC, 7/3/98, p.A11)(SFC, 7/10/02, p.A12)(AP, 6/19/10)

1952        Nov 30, Mandy Patinkin, actor and singer (Yentl, Alien Nation, Chicago Hope), was born in Chicago.
    (MC, 11/30/01)

1952        Nov, Kermit Roosevelt, a CIA operative, was approached by the British Foreign Office about organizing the overthrow of Iran’s Prime Minister Mossadegh, who had presided over the nationalization of British-owned oil operations.
    (SFEC, 6/11/00, p.D6)

1952        Dec 2, 1st human birth televised to public was on KOA-TV Denver, Colo.
    (MC, 12/2/01)

1952        Dec 4, The Grumman XS2F-1 made its first flight.
    (HN, 12/4/98)

1952        Dec 5-1952 Dec 8, A 4-day London smog killed 4,703 people. Oxides of sulfur and other irritants from coal smoke were blamed.
    (PCh, 1992, p.937)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Smog)

1952        Dec 8, French troops shot on demonstrators at Casablanca, Morocco, and 50 people were killed.
    (MC, 12/8/01)

1952        Dec 11, Stanford scientist demonstrated the new $1,750,000 linear electron accelerator. Its 200-foot barrel fired electrons at 99.99% the speed of light.
    (SFC, 12/6/02, p.E16)
1952        Dec 11, The outbound Norwegian ship Fernstream was sliced open by the inbound SS Hawaiian Rancher under heavy fog inside the Golden Gate. The Fernstream sank in 30 minutes but all passengers escaped.
    (SFC, 12/6/02, p.E16)

1952        Dec 14, Eighty-four Korean Communist prisoners interned on Pongam Island were killed during a riot after attempting to escape.
    (AP, 12/14/02)

1952        Dec 15, The Sands Hotel casino opened in Las Vegas with 200 rooms. A 500 room tower was added in 1965. It lasted to 11/26/1996 when it was torn down for a new $1.5 bil 6,000 room mega-resort by Sheldon Adelson.
    (WP, 6/29/96, p.F3)(SFC, 11/27/96, p.D2)

1952        Dec 17, Yugoslavia broke relations with the Vatican.
    (HN, 12/17/98)

1952        Dec 24, The Public Health Service reported that US births approached 4 million for the year, setting a new record.
    (SFC, 12/20/02, p.E5)

1952        Dec 29, The 1st transistorized hearing aid was offered for sale at Elmsford, NY.
    (MC, 12/29/01)

1952        Dec 30, Tuskegee Institute reported 1952 as the 1st yr in the last 71 with no US lynchings.
    (MC, 12/30/01)

1952        Dec 31, Hank Williams died at age 29 in the back seat of a Cadillac full of pills and booz on his way to a gig.
    (SSFC, 6/3/01, Par p.8)

1952        Dec, In San Francisco Paul C. Smith resigned from The Chronicle and Charles de Young Thieriot, the grandson of co-founder M.H. de Young, picked Scott Newhall as executive editor of the paper.
    (SFC, 8/7/99, p.A8)(SSFC, 6/7/09, p.W3)

1952        Francis Bacon made his painting "Study for the Head of a Screaming Pope."
    (SFC, 6/11/99, p.C8)

1952        John Biggers made his lithograph "Harriet Tubman and Her Underground Railroad." It was an example of Mexican muralists influence on Black American artists.
    (SFC, 2/28/98, p.B1)

1952        Richard Diebenkorn made his "Untitled (Urbana)," an ink and gauche on paper. It reflected the influence of cartoonist George Herriman.
    (SFC, 1/18/97, p.D1)

1952        Leonor Fini (1908-1996), Argentine-born artist, painted her portrait: "Comtesse de Noaille."
    (SFC, 12/22/01, p.D12)

1952        Franz Kline painted his "Untitled II," a tiny ink drawing in which Kline inscribed some chunky lines on a page from a Brooklyn telephone book, crossing Chinese calligraphy with letterpress flotsam.
    (WSJ, 12/16/94, A-12)

1952        Willem de Kooning, leading light of the New York School, painted "Seated Woman."
    (WSJ, 12/5/96, p.A16)(SFC, 3/20/97, p.A6)(SFC, 6/28/02, p.D1)

1952        Rene Magritte painted his work "Personal Values." It was sold to the SF MOMA in 1998 for $6.5 million. The title was recommended by his friend, Paul Nouge, surrealist, biochemist and founder of the Belgian Communist Party. Magritte also did "La chambre d’ ecote" (The Listening Room).
    (SFC, 11/20/98, p.C1)(SFEM, 4/23/00, p.4)

1952        Matisse made his great cutout "Blue Nude."
    (WSJ, 2/16/99, p.A20)

1952        Eduardo Paolozzi (1924-2005), sculptor and printmaker, helped form an association of British artists called The Independent Group. They included Richard Hamilton, William Turnbull and Peter Blake. Paolozzi, born in Scotland of Italian parents, became known as a key contributor to British pop art.
    (SSFC, 5/1/05, p.A23)

1952        Jackson Pollock painted his "Number 1." In 1995 it was in the collection of former CBS chief Frank Statton and was estimated at $4-6 mil. in value but did not sell. [see 1949 No. 1] He painted "Blue Poles Number 11," which later went to the National Gallery of Australia.
    (WSJ, 11/21/95, p.A-12)(WSJ, 11/10/98, p.A20)(SFC, 11/16/98, p.E1)

1952        Samuel Beckett published his play "Waiting for Godot." It was 1st produced in Paris in 1953.
    (SFEM, 9/10/00, p.7)

1952        Arthur Laurent wrote his play "The Time of the Cuckoo."
    (WSJ, 2/23/00, p.A20)

1952        Paul Bowles (b.1910) published his novel: "Let It Come Down."
    (SFC, 7/12/99, p.E3)

1952        Whitaker Chambers authored "Witness," a chronicle of his role in the Alger Hiss case. In it he declared that the essence of communism lay in its vision of mankind emancipated from God.
    (WSJ, 7/20/01, p.W15)

1952        Barnaby Conrad (1922-2013) authored the bestseller "Matador," about the life of Manolete, Spain's greatest bullfighter. He later used royalties from the book to move back to San Francisco and open his El Matador saloon.
    (SSFC, 11/16/03, p.E3)(SSFC, 2/17/13, p.C12)

1952        Jacques Cousteau wrote "The Silent World." It was made into a film that gave Cousteau the first of 3 Academy Awards.
    (SFC, 6/26/97, p.A7)

1952        Philip K. Dick (d.1982) wrote his short story "Paycheck." It was optioned for a movie in 1999.
    (WSJ, 4/27/99, p.A20)

1952        Ralph Ellison (1914-1994) wrote his classic novel "Invisible Man." It chronicled the harrowing travels of a nameless black man in the South and New York’s Harlem.
    (SFEC, 2/9/97, BR p.2)(SFC, 12/6/05, p.B5)

1952        Maria Flores wrote "The Woman With the Whip," a biography of Eva Peron.
    (WSJ, 11/14/96, p.A20)

1952        Che Guevara chronicled his motorcycle trip around South America on a Norton 500. His memoir was published as "The Motorcycle Diaries."
    (SFC, 5/12/96, Z1p.4)

1952        Charles Einstein (1926-2007), sportswriter and author, wrote “Bloody Spur,” based on the crimes of William Heirens, the “Lipstick Killer,” who terrorized Chicago in the mid-1940s. In 1956 Fritz Lang made the book into a film noir set in NYC called “While the City Sleeps.”
    (SSFC, 3/11/07, p.B6)

1952        Prof. Charles M. Hardin (1908-1997) wrote "The Politics of Agriculture."
    (SFC, 7/4/97, p.E2)

1952        Black author Chester Himes (d.1984) published his book "Cast the First Stone," a somber tale of prison life. He had written it in 1937 under the title "Yesterday Will Make You Cry."
    (SFEC, 3/1/98, BR p.7)(SSFC, 2/25/01, BR p.1)

1952        Eugene Ionesco wrote "The Chairs." It was a dadaist parable of two fantasists preparing to deliver an important message.
    (WSJ, 5/16/97, p.A16)

1952        George Racey Jordan, USAF (Ret.) with Richard L. Stokes authored "Major Jordan’s Diaries." It was an account of Jordan’s experiences in the US-Russia Lend-Lease program from 1942. The 2nd reference is a list of the lend-lease items provided to the Soviet Union beginning in Oct 1941.
    (www.whale.to/b/jordan.html)

1952        Carl G. Jung (1875-1961), Swiss-born psychoanalyst, published his work “Synchronicity: An Acausal Connecting Principle.”
    (SFC, 6/5/11, p.G7)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carl_Jung_publications)
1952        Carl G. Jung (1875-1961), Swiss-born psychoanalyst, published his work “Answers to Job.”
    (SFC, 6/5/11, p.G7)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carl_Jung_publications)

1952        Frederick Knott, English writer, wrote his thriller "Dial ‘M’ for Murder. It was made into a film with Grace Kelly by Alfred Hitchcock.
    (WSJ, 4/8/98, p.A20)

1952        Hilda Krech (1913-2009) collaborated with her mother, Sidonie Matsner Gruenberg, to author the best-selling “The Many Lives of Modern Woman,” an early forerunner of the feminist movement’s literature.
    (SFC, 10/16/09, p.D7)

1952        C.S. Lewis, Irish-born Anglican writer, authored “Mere Christianity.”
    (WSJ, 8/15/08, p.W9)

1952        Norman Vincent Peale wrote "The Power of Positive Thinking."
    (SFEC, 12/8/96, Par p.21)

1952        Egor P. Popov (d.2001 at 88), Ukrainian born Prof. of Civil Engineering, published his classic "Mechanics of Materials" at UC Berkeley.
    (SFC, 4/27/01, p.D8)

1952        The first "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders" (DSM) was published by the American Psychiatric Association (APA). It defined nervous breakdowns as "psychophysiologic nervous system reactions." DSN-III was published in 1980 and DSM-IV in 1994. A complete 5th update was expected in 2013.
    (WSJ, 12/3/96, p.A1)(Econ, 2/6/10, p.88)

1952        Samuel Eilenberg (d.1998 at 84), mathematician and art collector, co-authored "Foundations of Algebraic Topology" with Norman Steenrod of Princeton Univ. The graduate text "General Topology" was written by John Kelley (d.1999 at 82) of UC Berkeley.
    (SFC, 2/3/98, p.A15)(SFC, 12/6/99, p.B2)

1952        The French work "Le Pretre Jean" (Prester John) was written.
    (SFEC, 12/15/96, p.C5)

1952        British writer Mary Norton wrote "The Borrowers," illustrated by Beth and Joe Krush. It was published in 1953 and made into a movie in 1998.
    (SFC, 2/13/98, p.C3)(SFEC, 2/27/00, BR p.12)

1952        Wolf Mankowitz published his first novel "Make me an Offer." It was based on his experiences in the porcelain trade.
    (SFC, 5/29/98, p.D7)

1952        Terence Rattigan published his play "The Deep Blue Sea."
    (WSJ, 3/30/98, p.A16)

1952        Miriam Rothschild (1908-2005) authored “Fleas, Flukes and Cuckoos,” a popular study of parasitism.
    (Econ, 2/5/05, p.80)

1952        In Germany Mrs. Aicher-Scholl (e.1998 at 81) published "White Rose," a description of the White Rose nonviolent student resistance to the Third Reich.
    (SFC, 9/7/98, p.A21)

1952        John Steinbeck wrote his novel "East of Eden."
    (SFEC, 6/21/98, DB p.35)

1952        Telford Taylor published "Sword and Swastika." He helped write the rules for Nuremberg Trials.
    (SFC, 5/26/98, p.B2)

1952        Kurt Vonnegut authored his novel “Player Piano,” in which most work was done by machines.
    (Econ, 2/23/13, p.18)

1952        Edmund Wilson authored “The Shores of Light.” It became recognized as a classic introduction to the 1920s literature of America.
    (WSJ, 6/16/07, p.P10)

1952        Herman Wouk wrote his novel "Cain Mutiny." It became a film in 1954.
    (SFC, 10/15/96, p.B1)

1952        Gunsmoke, the "adult western," began as a radio drama. It spawned a television series (1955) that lasted 20 years. Starring William Conrad as Marshal Matt Dillon (a role played by James Arness on TV), the show broke with established radio traditions (such as extended use of sound effects) and character stereotypes (in great part to many cliché-busting scripts by John Mestin). It garnered a huge audience for its network, CBS (sources disagree, but some estimate as much as 30% of the radio-listening public tuned into the show, a rating impossible to reach in today’s multimedia world). The popular radio drama launched the 20-year TV series, a record as yet unrivalled by any other primetime drama.
    (HNQ, 3/30/01)

1952        The market introduced 3-D movies.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1952)

1952        Sheri Lewis (19) was a winner on the Arthur Godfrey television talent scout show. Within 5 years she introduced her puppet Lamb Chop on the Captain Kangaroo Show and began her own show in 1957.
    (SFC, 8/4/98, p.A7)

1952        The TV show American Bandstand premiered as a local show in Philadelphia.
    (SFC, 11/10/99, p.E3)(SFC, 4/15/00, p.D3)

1952        Death Valley Days moved from radio to TV and ran to 1975 as a syndicated television show. British-born manager James Gerstley (1907-2007), president of the Pacific Coast Borax Company (later US Borax), sponsored the show.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Death_Valley_Days)(SFC, 6/6/07, p.B7)

1952        "The Ernie Kovacs Show" began under CBS and ran to 1953.
    (SFEC, 5/24/98, DB p.37)

1952        The TV show Ding Dong School was developed by George Heinemann (1918-1996)

1952        TV advertised its first toy, Mr. Potato Head.
    (SFEC, 3/2/97, z1 p.4)

1952        The TV show "My Little Margie" starred Gale Storm and Hillary Brooke, It ran until 1955.
    (SFC, 6/2/99, p.C7)

1952        "The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet" began its TV run. It had started as a radio series in 1944. The TV show ran to 1966.
    (AP, 10/8/98)(SSFC, 5/20/01, p.C5)

1952        Art Linkletter (1912-2010), radio and TV talk-show pioneer, began hosting his daytime television show “House Party.” It continued to 1970.
    (SFC, 5/27/10, p.C4)

1952        The radio show “This Is Your Life,” hosted by Ralph Edwards, migrated to television. It ran to 1961.
    (SFC, 11/17/05, p.B5)

1952        Molly Bee (1939-2009), country singer, made her first hit with “I Saw Mommy Kissing Santa Claus.” The song, written by Tommy Connors, was also recorded by child actor Jimmy Boyd (1939-2009).
    (SFC, 2/12/09, p.B4)(SFC, 3/11/09, p.B8)

1952        John Cage wrote his score "Water Music," written instructions with no fixed order. His piece 4'33" was one in which the performer created none of the sound.
    (SFC, 2/10/98, p.E4)(SFC, 12/29/99, p.E1)

1952        Joni James (21), born as Joan Babbo, made a hit with her song “Why Don’t You Believe Me.” It sold over 2 million records. James recorded 42 albums in her career.
    (SSFC, 9/11/05, Par p.2)

1952        Singer Al Martino has his first hit with "Here in My Heart."
    (SFEC, 10/5/97, DB p.74)

1952        Hank Williams (d.1952) had a hit with "Your Cheatin’ Heart."
    (SFC, 4/15/00, p.D3)(SSFC, 6/3/01, Par p.8)

1952        Gerry Mulligan began playing a new type of jazz on the west coast. He used just two horns, a bass and drum for a quartet with no piano player. Chet Baker played a wispy trumpet against Mulligan's spry baritone sax. Bob Brookmeyer on valve trombone soon replaced Baker and then Art Farmer came in on trumpet. They opened at the Haig club in LA and sparked the "West Coast jazz" style of cool jazz.
    (G&M, 1/31/96, p.A-11)(WSJ, 6/19/02, p.A1)

1952        Jazz greats Charlie Parker and Dizzie Gillespie were captured on a rare film clip.
    (DFP, 7/28/96, p.F8)

1952        B.B. King (b.1925) made No. 1 on Billboard’s R&B charts with his song "Three O’Clock Blues." His autobiography, co-written with David Ritz, came out in 1996: "Blues All Around Me."
    (SFEC, 12/15/96, BR p.8)

1952        Martinu composed his "Rhapsody-Concerto for Viola and Orchestra."
    (SFC, 3/24/00, p.b1)

1952        Orrin Keepnews and Record Changer publisher Bill Grauer founded the Riverside jazz label in New York City to re-issue jazz albums from the ‘20s, ‘30s, and ‘40s.
    (SFEM, 10/5/97, p.29)

1952        Herbert Blau (1926-2013) and Jules Irving founded the Actor’s Workshop in SF. In 1960 and 1961 the company staged the US premiers of Harold Pinter’s “The Room” and “The Birthday Party.” It continued in SF until 1965 when the founders left to run New York’s new Lincoln Center theater company.
    (SFC, 1/8/09, p.E3)(SFC, 5/10/13, p.C7)
1952        In San Francisco the one-story US post office at 15 Onondaga Ave., designed by Fred Shaw, was built.
    (SSFC, 2/10/13, p.D2)

1952        The double-span highway bridge, nearly a mile long, linked Yorktown to Gloucester Point, Virginia.
    (NG, 6/1988, p.7809)

1952        George Jorgensen flew to Stockholm to undergo a male-to-female sex change and returned to the US as Christina Jorgensen. A biopic film was made in 1970 titled "The Christina Jorgensen Story."
    (SFEC, 9/7/97, DB p.43)

1952        Kraft Foods introduced Cheese Whiz.
    (WSJ, 6/9/07, p.A6)
1952        Ore-Ida Potatoes Inc. introduced "Tater Tots." The company was in-part founded by William E. Berelson (d.1997 at 90) in 1951. It was sold to H.J. Heinz Co. in 1965.
    (SFC, 5/15/97, p.A26)
1952        Pez candy was introduced to the US. It originated in Austria in 1927 as a breath mint for cigarette smokers.
    (SFEC, 4/5/98, p.C11)
1952        Alvin Edlin (1912-2008) bought Bud’s Ice Cream store in Noe Valley from his cousin Bud Scheideman for $8,000. Revenue at the time was about $30,000. He increased the quality and by 1976 revenues rose to about $1 million. In 1980 Edlin sold the operation to a group of Bay Area businessmen. In the 1990s the operation was sold to Berkeley Farms.
    (SFC, 6/10/08, p.B5)
1952        Topps Chewing Gum Company issued its first large set of baseball cards. They included team logos and facsimile signatures and were later considered as the first true set of the modern era. Topps had issued a smaller card in 1951, but it flopped.
    (AH, 6/03, p.52,54)

1952        The organization Promoting Enduring Peace was founded in Woodmont, Conn. It sponsored friendship tours to the Soviet Union, China, Nicaragua, Cuba and Costa Rica.
    (SFC, 6/14/97, p.C2)
1952        Generoso Pope (1927-1988) founded the National Enquirer newspaper. He relaunched the Enquirer, a NYC scandal broadsheet, as a national tabloid.
    (WSJ, 8/12/08, p.A19)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Generoso_Pope_Jr.)
1952        Britannica launched its Great Books project. It featured 54 volumes by 76 authors along with contributions from Robert Hutchins and Mortimer J. Adler, founders of the Great Books Foundation (1947). In 2008 Alex Beam authored “A Great Idea at the Time: The Rise, Fall. and Curious Afterlife of the Great Books.”
    (WSJ, 11/10/08, p.A17)

1952        John D. Rockefeller III, a birth control advocate, created the Population Council, a population control advocacy group.
    (WSJ, 4/1/08, p.D10)

1952        A scandal arose when the Pacific Coast Conference of Universities was found to be paying athletes to play on college teams. In 2000 Glenn Seaborg and Ray Colvig authored "Roses From Ashes," an account of the scandal.
    (SFC, 4/19/01, p.D2)

1952        Future revolutionary Che Guevara took a 4,000-mile moped trip alone through northern Argentina and in the next two years traveled throughout South America on a 500cc motorcycle nicknamed "La Poderosa" (The Powerful One). On these trips he directly observed the lives of workers and peasants and ultimately changed the direction of his life. Che Guevara was born on June 14, 1928 to an aristocratic family in Argentina. He was captured and executed by the Bolivian army on October 8, 1967.
    (HNQ, 12/2/98)

1952        Paul Robeson was awarded the Stalin Peace Prize by the Soviet Union. He had to wait 6 years for permission to leave the US to accept the honor.
    (WSJ, 4/9/98, p.A21)

1952        Francois Mauriac (b.1885), French novelist, won the Nobel Prize in literature.
    (WUD, 1994, p.886)(WSJ, 9/3/98, p.A6)

1952        Pres. Truman extended the award of the Purple Heart retroactively to include veterans of WW I. F.D. Roosevelt had opened the Army award to all branches of the US Military at the onset of WW II.
    (SFEC, 8/22/99, Z1 p.8)

1952        The US National Security Agency (NSA) was created in a secret executive order to intercept electronic communications through eavesdropping. 16 years later its power to eavesdrop on foreigners was established in public law. In 2008 an edited history of the NSA by Thomas R. Johnson, begun in 1992 and completed in 1998, was made public.
    (WSJ, 11/14/08, p.A14)

1952        Republican Dwight Eisenhower won the New Hampshire primary over Robert Taft 50.2 to 38.6%. Democrat Estes Kefauver won over Harry Truman 54.6 to 43.9%.
    (SSFC, 1/25/04, p.A19)

1952        Gen. Omar Bradley told outgoing Pres. Truman that a criminal investigation of the international oil cartels threatens national security. Truman dropped his attack on Standard Oil of New Jersey, Gulf, The Texas Company, Socony-Mobil, Standard Oil of Calif., and their foreign colleges, Anglo-Iranian Oil, and Royal Dutch-Shell. The justice department dropped it's grand jury probe in April and filed a civil complaint accusing the companies of conspiracy to monopolize the industry.
    (PCh, 1992, p.939)

1952        The official book on World War II honors was closed.
    (SFC, 7/13/00, p.A15)

1952        Eisenhower defeated Robert Taft, U.S. Senator from Ohio, for the GOP presidential nomination.
    (WSJ, 11/10/95, p.A-14)(HN, 9/8/98)

1952        The US Congress stripped the Fed of its authority to use credit controls.
    (Econ, 6/1/13, p.75)

1952        Eleanor Lansing Dulles (1895-1996) was appointed to run the State Department’s Berlin desk. Her brother John Foster Dulles was named Secretary of State and her other brother, Allen Welsh Dulles, got the top job in the CIA. Eleanor published her memoirs in 1980.
    (SFC, 11/4/96, p.A22)

1952        Federal regulations established that personal details from the national census be kept confidential for 72 years.
    (SFC, 4/1/02, p.A3)

1952        The McCarran-Walter Act erected a wall of suspicion around America’s borders.
    (SSFC, 10/3/04, p.M3)

1952        In Monterey, Ca., the US Naval Postgraduate School, formerly in Annapolis, Md., moved onto the site of the former Hotel Del Monte.
    (SSFC, 5/18/08, p.A15)

1952        The American Bar Association began to be involved in the evaluation of screening prospective federal judges.
    (SSFC, 3/18/01, p.A5)

1952        Colorado’s Rocky Flats nuclear weapons plant, 16 miles northwest of Denver, began producing plutonium bombs and bomb parts. It was shut down in 1989.
    (SFC, 8/27/99, p.A3)(Econ, 2/26/05, p.32)

1952        Connecticut Representative Abraham Ribicoff lost his bid for the US Senate to Prescott S. Bush, the father of later Pres. George Bush.
    (SFC, 2/23/98, p.A5)

1952        John F. Kennedy upset veteran Massachusetts Senator Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr., whose father, Henry Cabot Lodge, Sr., had served as a senator from 1893-1924.
    (HNQ, 2/20/99)

1952        Elia Kazan gave HUAC the names of actors in his communist cell block at the Group Theater in the 1930s.
    (WSJ, 3/21/97, p.A17)

1952        The FBI gave Sen. Styles Bridges a confidential hearing that revealed that Armand Hammer, businessman, helped recruit spies for the Soviets and helped place them in US government positions.
    (WSJ, 10/3/96, p.A12)

1952        Capt. John Robertson Dunham, an Air Force spy pilot, was shot down over Russia.
    (SFEC,12/21/97, p.A26)

1952        Larry Wu-Tai Chin, a CIA translator, began spying for China. He was convicted while retired in 1986 and within days killed himself.
    (SFC, 11/19/96, p.A17)

1952        Discrimination on the basis of race was stricken from federal statutes.
    (SFEC, 9/20/98, Z1 p.6)

1952        The Immigration and Nationality Act defined a qualified H-1 recipient as "an alien having residence in a foreign country which he has no intention of abandoning… and who is coming temporarily to the US…"
    (SFC, 9/21/00, p.A11)

1952        Maj. Gen'l. Robert Grow, the military attaché in Moscow, was tried on charges of dereliction of duty and was suspended for 6 months. He was the 1st Army General to face court-martial under the Uniform Code of Military Justice.
    (SFC, 9/3/99, p.A2)

1952        US gangster Mickey Cohen was arrested for tax evasion.
    (USAT, 10/8/97, p.4D)

1952        Albert Einstein was offered the presidency of Israel, but he declined.
    (BHT, Hawking, p.178)

1952        The US Internal Revenue Service was reorganized.
    (WSJ, 12/15/95, p.A-8)

1952        Penny postcards went up in price.
    (SFEC, 12/20/98, Z1 p.8)

1952        In Kentucky the 750-acre Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant began operation. For 23 years the government attempted to recycle used nuclear reactor fuel. The K-25 sister plant in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, also showed high death rates. In 1983 an autopsy of worker Joseph Harding revealed high concentrations of radiation, but the results were not made public until 1999. In 1999 plant employees charged that radiation exposure was a long running problem and that plutonium contamination had occurred from the mid 50s to the mid 70s. Union Carbide ran the plant for 32 years for the Dept of Energy, followed by Martin Marietta and Lockheed Martin. Estimated cleanup costs in 1999 were $240 billion over 75 years.
    (SFEC, 8/8/99, p.A6)(SFEC, 8/22/99, p.A4)

1952        The Virgin Islands National Park was established on 5,000 acres turned over to the US government by Laurance Rockefeller.
    (SFEC, 2/15/98, p.T8)

1952        Barry Goldwater upset Arizona Democratic Senator Ernest McFarland by a 6,000 vote margin and won his first term in the Senate.
    (SFC, 5/30/98, p.A3)

1952        Becton Dickinson introduced the Multifit, its first glass syringe with interchangeable needles.
    (SFC, 10/27/98, p.A4)

1952        In Mattoon, Ill., Gene Hoots bought the Frigid Queen ice cream shop from his uncle. He expanded the business with hamburgers in 1954 and coined the named Burger King with a registered state trademark. He later lost a suit against the Florida Burger King chain whose federal trademark was ruled to hold priority. However the courts ruled that the franchise could not open within 20 miles of the Mattoon restaurant.
    (SFC, 8/19/98, p.B2)

1952        Ford overtook Chrysler as the No. 2 automaker.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)

1952        Kellogg’s "Tony the Tiger" was created by advertising executive Don Tennant (d.2001 at 79).
    (SFC, 12/14/01, p.A33)

1952        Charles M. Schulz copyrighted his Lucy character in the Peanuts cartoon strip.
    (SFC, 10/22/08, p.G3)

1952        "Colonel Sanders" started Kentucky Fried Chicken with a 7-day-a-week Sunday dinner concept.
    (SFEC, 11/17/96, Par p.5)

1952        The first Weber grill was made in by George Stephen (d.1993) of suburban Chicago and was called George's Barbecue. It was manufactured by Weber Brothers Metal Works in Chicago. Stephen started selling his Weber kettle in 1954 and the rest is grilling history.
    (www.hgtv.com/hgtv/ah_entertaining_outdoor/article/0,1801,HGTV_3117_1398364,00.html)

1952        Tappan introduced home microwave ovens for $1295.
    (SFC, 7/14/99, p.8)

1952        The Tobacco Blending Company of Louisville, Ky., made cigarette packs with the faces of Eisenhower and Stevenson. The company changed its name to World Tabac in 1963 and went out of business in 1993.
    (SFC, 3/5/97, z-1 p.2)

1952        Dyas Power Bothe Jr. (1911-1996), founded US Leasing Company. The company supplied pallets to agricultural companies. He is hailed as the father of the modern leasing business.
    (SFC, 9/12/96, p.A26)

1952        The California constitution was scrubbed of anti-Chinese discrimination.
    (Econ, 8/1/09, p.28)
1952        In California Ernest O. Lawrence (1901-1958) founded what would later be known as the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory.
    (SFC, 1/11/03, p.A18)

1952        Hugh Morton (1921-2006) inherited Grandfather Mountain in North Carolina and turned it into a top tourist attraction. In 2008 the mountain and some 2,600 surrounding acres of wilderness were purchased by the state for $12 million. The area will eventually be added to the North Carolina State Park system.
    (WSJ, 9/29/08, p.A12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grandfather_Mountain)

1952        Sam Phillips (d.2003) founded Sun Records in Memphis, Ten. Phillips produced Elvis Presley's 1st record in 1954.
    (SFC, 8/1/03, p.A19)

1952        John J. Rigas founded Adelphia Communications in Coudersport, Pa., with a dream and a $300 check for a local cable franchise.
    (WSJ, 5/28/02, p.A1)(USAT, 7/9/04, p.3B)

1952        Les Schwab (1917-2007) purchased a run-down tire shop in Prineville, Ore. He soon expanded, renamed the operation after himself and developed it into a major tire chain. In 2006 sales reached $1.6 billion.
    (WSJ, 6/9/07, p.A6)

1952        The US Leather Co. was dissolved. It had been the nation’s largest shoemaker in the first decades.
    (WSJ, 5/28/96, p.R45)

1952        Cuthbert C. Hurd (d. 5/22/96 at 85), computer scientist for IBM, led the development of the IBM 701 at a cost of $3 million. With his partner James Birkenstock, Cuthbert recommended that the company design and build a general purpose computer.
    (SFC, 6/2/96, B6)

1952        David Bohm devised a quantum physics model in which each electron is guided by an invisible "pilot wave." His work is described in the 1997 book "Infinite Potential: The Life and Times of David Bohm" by F. David Peat. Evidence for Bohm’s theory is described by David Wick in the 1977 book "The Infamous Boundary: Seven Decades of Heresy in Quantum Physics."
    (WSJ, 1/23/97, p.A12)

1952        Harry Markowitz won the Nobel Prize in 1990 for his 1952 theory on risk reduction that was later applied to portfolio management.
    (WSJ, 10/21/96, p.A18)

1952        Researchers at Bell labs developed the 1st system to recognize numbers spoken over a telephone.
    (SFC, 7/26/00, p.D3)(Econ, 6/9/07, TQ p.30)

1952        David and Alice Schwartz started Bio-Rad in West Berkeley. They created custom methods of separating proteins and other contents of living cells from each other. They took the company public in 1966. In 2005 revenue reached $1.2 billion.
    (SFC, 2/18/02, p.E1)(SFC, 8/22/06, p.E4)

1952        Hugh Bradner (1916-2008), UC physicist and diver, invented the neoprene wetsuit.
    (SSFC, 5/11/08, p.B6)(WSJ, 5/17/08, p.A8)

1952        Dr. Marshall D. Gates prepared a totally synthetic morphine.
    (NG, May 1985, members forum)

1952        Chlorophyll was introduced.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1952)

1952        A rare type of genetic pancreatitis was diagnosed for the first time. In 1996 it was later found to be caused by a specific gene.
    (WSJ, 10/2/96, p.B5)

1952        Crigler-Najjar syndrome was named for two doctors who identified it this year. Patients began living longer in the 1970s when doctors realized that the wavelength and energy of blue light changes the nature of the bilirubin, allowing it to be excreted from the body. In 2007 there were about 110 known cases of Crigler's worldwide, including about 35 in the US. About 20 are among the Amish and Mennonite in Pennsylvania.
    (AP, 5/19/07)

1952        Lorenzo Ponza (1918-2004) developed the “power pitcher,” later considered the prototype of the modern baseball pitching machine.
    (SFC, 12/20/04, p.B4)

1952        Harold Le Clair Ickes (b.1874), US lawyer, statesman and writer, died. T.H. Watkins later authored: "Righteous Pilgrim: The Life and Times of Harold L. Ickes."
    (SFC, 2/26/00, p.A19)
1952        Stefan Norblin, Polish-born artist, committed suicide in the US after going blind. His wife, former actress Lena Zelichowska, died in 1958. The had left  Poland following the Nazi invasion in 1939 and moved to Iraq and then to India before arriving to the US in 1946.
    (SFC, 10/11/12, p.A8)

1952        In Albania the Alba Films complex was built to produce Communist propaganda.
    (WSJ, 7/22/98, p.A6)

1952        Evita Peron (b.1919), the first lady of Argentina, died of cancer at age 33. Her biography: "Eva Peron" was written by Alicia Dujovne Ortiz. "Santa Evita" was a (1996) novel by Tomas Eloy Martinez based on the fate of her corpse. Eva wrote a little book "Mi Mensaje" (My Message, or In My Own Words) that was unfinished and lost until 1987 and published in English under the title "In My Own Words." "My Mission In Life" was ghostwritten under Eva’s name by Manuel Penella de Silva.
    (SFEC, 8/18/96, PM p. 8)(SFEC, 11/3/96, BR p.1)

1952        In Australia Rupert Murdoch (21) inherited 2 fledgling newspapers in Adelaide. By 2003 his empire generated $17 billion a year in revenues.
    (WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R42)(Econ, 8/30/03, p.61)

1952        In Bolivia many of the largest haciendas were broken up as part of agrarian reforms, thousands of indigenous worked on the plantations in near slavery.
    (AP, 7/5/03)
1952        In Bolivia the MNR Party was the driving force behind a national revolution that launched agrarian reforms, the universal right to vote, and the nationalization of the country’s mines. The MNR was also accused of assassinations and torture.
    (SFC, 6/8/01, p.D5)(Econ, 12/12/09, p.40)

1952        Brazil’s National Bank for Economic and Social Development (BNDES) was founded to provide long-term financing for endeavors that contribute to the country's development.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BNDES)

1952        British PM Winston Churchill declared a state of emergency in Kenya and sent British and African soldiers to help colonial administrators capture May May fighters and send them to detention camps.
    (AP, 5/6/13)
1952        The British government abolished ID cards.
    (Econ, 5/1/04, p.15)
1952        Margaret Mee (1909-1988), botanical artist, left Britain for Brazil and for 3 decades documented Amazonian rain forest plant life in large watercolors.
    (WSJ, 1/26/99, p.A16)(http://tinyurl.com/yafb9m)
1952        England’s Morgan Motor Company stopped making its 3-wheeled cars. In 2010 the company unveiled a new 3-wheel model, the M3W, and planned expanded sales in China.
    (SSFC, 12/25/11, p.D3)(www.morgandc.com/History/HistoryPage.htm)
1952        British engineer Charles Spencer King (1925-2010) set a land speed record of 152 mph for gas turbine cars in Jet1, which he helped design.
    (SSFC, 7/4/10, p.C9)

1952        In Bulgaria Vincentius Bossilkov, the Bishop of Nikopolis, was convicted at a Stalinist-era show trial for refusing to accept a law aimed at removing the local Catholic Church from Vatican jurisdiction. He was tried, tortured, shot and buried in a common grave. He was beatified in 1998.
    (SFC, 3/16/98, p.A9)

1952        Rudolf Slansky, a Czechoslovak Communist leader, was sentenced to death after a show trial with 13 other officials, including government ministers. The trial was deemed anti-Semitic because Slansky and most of the officials were Jewish.
    (AP, 4/17/06)

1952        In Egypt some 2,000 vast estates occupied half the country’s fertile land and millions of illiterate peasants toiled as sharecroppers.
    (Econ, 9/13/08, p.32)
1952        In Egypt Mohammed Zakaria Ghoneim found the burial mask of noblewoman Ka Nefer Nefer at the Saqqara pyramids. It dated back to 1307BC-1196BC. In 1998 St. Louis bought the mask for half a million dollars from Phoenix ancient Art gallery in Geneva, which was owned by Lebanese brothers Hicham and Ali Aboutaam. In 2004 an Egyptian court sentenced Ali Aboutaam in absentia to 15 years in prison for smuggling artifacts from Egypt to Switzerland.
    (SFC, 11/28/08, p.A24)

1952        In the 15th Olympic Games in Helsinki, Finland, Joaquin Capilla (23) of Mexico won an Olympic silver medal, for platform diving.
    (AP, 5/9/10)

1952        Le Corbusier’s first great urban construction was completed in Marseilles, France. Eighteen hundred inhabitants were housed in a "vertical community" of eighteen floors.
    (V.D.-H.K.p.364)
1952        French Dr. Alain Bombard (1924-2005) crossed the Atlantic in 65 days in a dinghy to prove that shipwrecked sailors could survive off the sea's bounty.
    (AP, 7/20/05)
1952        In France the viral disease myxomatosis killed off about half the rabbits in the country.
    (SFC, 4/15/00, p.D3)
1952        The cave of Cougnac in south-central France was discovered. It had three paintings of the ancient Megaloceros giganteus (Irish elk).
    (NH, 8/96, p.19)

1952        West Germany instituted the National Day of Mourning. The states of the former East Germany adopted the tradition in 1992, following reunification. Because of the relation to Advent, the date is the Sunday nearest 16 November, i.e. in the period from 13 November to 19 November.
    (AP, 11/14/10)
1952        Germany banned the neo-Nazi Socialist Reich Party, a successor to the Nazi Party.
    (SFC, 3/31/01, p.A14)(SFC, 4/8/02, p.A3)
1952        West Germany signed a compensation treaty for victims of Nazi crimes.
    (SFC, 11/16/12, p.A2)

1952        In India the criminal tribes, named in the 1871 Criminal Tribes Act, were de-notified. Discrimination against the de-notified tribes (DNTs) continued. In 2008 a government commission recommended positive discrimination measures covering some 60 million DNTs as well as 40 million other nomadic people.
    (Econ, 4/24/10, p.42)

1952        An Italian law made the praise of fascism a crime.
    (WSJ, 6/17/04, p.A15)
1952        Renato Simoni, Italian drama critic, died and left his entire library of 40,000 volumes to the La Scala museum.
    (Civil., Jul-Aug., ‘95, p.90)

1952        Osamu Tezuka, Japanese cartoonist, dreamed up Astro Boy and put his b-day at April 7, 2003. His features soon defined the Japanese style called anime. In 1963 Astro Boy was imported to the US and 10-min. episodes ran until 1967.
    (SSFC, 4/13/03, p.C4)(WSJ, 1/15/04, p.B1)
1952        In Japan cross-shareholdings originated after someone tried to take over Mitsubishi Estate, a huge property concern tied to the Mitsubishi trading house. 11 companies linked to Mitsubishi bought shares to block the outsider. Zin the 1960s cross-shareholdings were adopted as a general defensive measure as foreigners began buying shares as Japan liberalized its financial markets.
    (Econ, 11/8/08, p.80)

1952        The Mau Mau start chopping away in Kenya. The Mau Mau movement was in part due to the white domination of the rich plateau region. The Mau Mau separatist group used a toxic plant to poison 33 steers in an act of rebellion.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1952)(SFC, 9/4/97, p.A10)(WSJ, 9/18/01, p.B1)

1952        Libya’s King Idris banned political parties.
    (Econ, 1/12/13, p.43)

1952        The Maldives' National Museum opened. In 2012 some of its most valuable exhibits from the pre-Islamic era were smashed by religious extremists.
    (AP, 2/14/12)

1952        In Mexico Amalia Hernandez founded the Ballet Folklorico de Mexico.
    (SFEC, 9/8/96, DB p.47)
1952        In Mexico City Rev. Marcial Maciel, founder of the Legion of Christ, built the order’s 1st school, Instituto Cumbres (The Heights), with funds donated by Flora Baragan de Garza, the Monterey widow of one of the wealthiest men in Mexico.
    (WSJ, 1/21/06, p.A1)
1952        The sarcophagus of Lord Pakal was found in the ruins at Palenque, Mexico, by Alberto Ruz L’Huiller.
    (SSFC, 5/5/02, p.C5)
1952        Petroleum engineers drilled in Mexico’s Yucatan and found unexpected igneous rock. It was later thought to have come from a comet that hit about 65 million years ago. Sinkholes scattered around the edge of the resulting 112 mile diameter crater were later believed to result from rocks sinking in the center and causing fractures along the perimeter.
    (SFC, 2/4/97, p.A9)

1952        Khorlooglin Choibalsan (b.1895), head of Mongolia, died. His body was displayed in Ulan Bator until 2005, when it was cremated.
    (SFC, 9/10/08, p.A5)

1952        Moroccan dissident Abraham Serfaty (b.1926), one of a tiny minority of Jews, was imprisoned and exiled by French colonial rulers. In the 9170s he was again imprisoned by Morocco's independent government for plotting against the state. The Rabat government forced him into exile in France in 1991. He returned home 10 years later.
    (Reuters, 11/18/10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abraham_Serfaty)

1952        Wole Soyinka (b.1934), later Nobel Prize winner, helped found the Pyrates Confraternity at Nigeria’s elite University of Ibadan. Splinter groups soon emerged in a variety of cults and were later used by military leaders to confront pro-democracy movement. In 2004 Rivers State outlawed cultism, but with little effect.
    (Econ, 8/2/08, p.50)

1952        In Poland a new constitution was adopted.
    (SFC, 5/26/97, p.A10)
1952        Poland began to allow foreign cultures to organize their own schools.
    (Voruta #27-28, Jul 1996, p.1)

1952        Qatar’s Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa al Thani was born. The population of Qatar at this time was under 40,000. In 1995 he ousted his father in a bloodless coup.
    (Econ, 6/7/08, p.61)

1952        In Russia a trail was held for 15 leading Jewish writers, intellectuals and scientists, who were associated with the Anti-Fascist Committee. In 2001 Joshua Rubenstein and Vladimir P. Naumov edited the transcripts and published "Stalin’s Secret Pogrom."
    (WSJ, 5/8/01, p.A24)

1952        In South Africa Nelson Mandela led the Defiance Campaign and encouraged people to break racial separation laws. He was convicted under the Suppression of Communism Act. With Oliver Tambo he formed the first black law partnership in the country.
    (SFC, 12/6/13, p.A18)

1952        Rafael del Pino founded Grupo Ferrovial S.A., a multinational Spanish company involved in construction, infrastructure, real estate, and related services.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ferrovial)(Econ, 7/7/07, p.67)

1952        Turkey and Greece joined NATO.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NATO)

1952        In Yemen American explorer Wendell Phillips began excavating Marib’s Moon Temple of Sheba. He was forced away after 4 months when locals suspected that he was after gold.
    (WSJ, 5/2/97, p.A1)

1952-1953    The Alba Regia was a Hungarian microcar project produced by both the Ministry of Metallurgy and Machine Industry in conjunction with the Vehicle Developing Institute.
    (Econ, 12/18/10, p.102)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alba_Regia_%28car%29)

1952-1954    In the Netherlands 34 boys under 18 during this period died in a Catholic institute for the mentally disabled in the Roermond Diocese. A Dutch Catholic institute for disabled girls in the same town of Heel experienced 40 deaths during the same period. In 2011 prosecutors opened an investigation on the unusually high death rate. In 2012  Dutch prosecutors said Brother Andreas, now dead, may have been involved in the suspicious deaths of 37 patients. The deaths sharply declined after he was transferred to another institution.
    (AP, 8/16/11)(AP, 8/18/11)(AP, 6/28/12)

1952-1955    I Love Lucy is the top ranking network show on television with a ranking of 67.3, 58.8, and 49.3% over three seasons.
    (WSJ, 4/24/95, p.R-5)

1952-1960    Some 32 white settlers were killed by Mau Mau rebels in Kenya. More than 10,000 people were killed during the Mau Mau uprising, with some figures going much higher. In 2011 four may Mau colleagues won court approval in Britain to sue the British government over brutality they claim they suffered in the struggle.
    (Econ, 1/1/05, p.66)(AFP, 7/21/11)

1952-1972    Avery Brundage (1887-1975), American athlete and sports officials, served as president of the International Olympic Committee.
    (Econ, 8/2/08, p.85)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Avery_Brundage)

1952-1987    William Shawn edited the New Yorker Magazine. He had a 40-year affair with writer Lillian Ross, who in 1998 published "Here But Not Here," an account of their relationship. In 1998 Ved Mehta published: "Remembering Mr. Shawn’s New Yorker."
    (WSJ, 5/22/98, p.W10)

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