Timeline 1955

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1955        Jan 2, Jose Antonio Remon, president of Panama  (1952-55), was assassinated.
    (MC, 1/2/02)

1955        Jan 3, Melody Anderson, actress, was born.: Marilyn & Bobby: Her Final Affair, Landslide, Hitler’s Daughter, Final Notice, Speed Zone, Firewalker, Beverly Hills Madam, Policewoman Centerfold, Dead and Buried, Flash Gordon, Manimal.
    (440 Int'l. 1/3/99)
1955        Jan 3, At the top of the record charts:
    Mr. Sandman by The Chordettes.
          Let Me Go, Lover by Joan Weber.
          The Naughty Lady of Shady Lane by The Ames Brothers.
          More and More by Webb Pierce.
    (440 Int'l. 1/3/99)

1955        Jan 7, Singer Marian Anderson made her debut with the Metropolitan Opera in New York, in Verdi's "Un Ballo in Maschera." She was the first black singer to perform there.
    (WSJ, 2/28/97, p.A14)(AP, 1/7/98)(HN, 1/7/99)
1955        Jan 6, The SF Mint announced that it would cease coin production before June 30, but continue as the nation’s largest refiner of gold and silver and as an assay office and repository.
    (SFC, 1/7/05, p.F6)
1955        Jan 7, The opening of the Canadian Parliament in Ottawa was televised for the first time.
    (AP, 1/7/05)

1955        Jan 13, Chase National and the Bank of Manhattan agreed to merge resulting in the second largest U.S. bank.
    (HN, 1/13/99)

1955        Jan 17, The nuclear powered USS Nautilus submarine was launched for its 1st shakedown cruise to Puerto Rico. [see Jan 21, 1954]
    (SFC, 4/30/01, p.A17)

1955        Jan 18, Kevin Costner, actor (Dances With Wolves), was born in LA, Calif.
    (MC, 1/18/02)

1955        Jan 19, Sir Simon Rattle, orchestra conductor (Berlin Philharmonic), was born in England.
    (MC, 1/19/02)
1955        Jan 19, A presidential news conference was filmed for television for the first time, with permission from President Eisenhower.
    (AP, 1/19/98)
1955        Jan 19, "Scrabble" debuted in the board game market.
    (MC, 1/19/02)

1955        Jan 20, Joe Doherty, IRA activist (jailed in US), was born in Ireland.
    (MC, 1/20/02)

1955        Jan 25, Columbia University scientists developed an atomic clock that was accurate to within one second in 300 years.
    (HN, 1/25/99)

1955        Jan 28, The U.S. Congress passed a bill allowing mobilization of troops if China should attack Taiwan.
    (HN, 1/28/99)

1955        Jan 30, Jill Kinmont Boothe (1936-2012), Los Angeles native and national women's slalom champion, crashed and broke her neck in Alta, Utah, while trying to make the US Olympic team. She was paralyzed below her shoulders and would spend the rest of her life in a wheelchair. Her skiing career over, she learned to write, type and paint using her neck and shoulder muscles with the aid of a hand brace.
    (AP, 2/12/12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jill_Kinmont_Boothe)

1955        Jan 31, A document thus dated stated that Yuri Rastvorov, a Soviet defector, told Eisenhower administration officials in a private Jan 28 meeting that US and other UN POWs were held in Siberia during the 1950-1953 Korean War.
    (SFEC, 5/5/96, World p.1)
1955        Jan 31, RCA chairman David Sarnoff announced the Mark I music synthesizer. Harry Olson and Belar, both working for RCA, invented the Electronic Music Synthesizer (aka the Olson-Belar Sound Synthesizer). This synth used sawtooth waves that were filtered for other types of timbres. (It is rumored to have been built for the artificial creation of human speech) This synth became the RCA Electronic Music Synthesizer Mark I.
    (www.davidsarnoff.org/04142005.htm)(www.synthmuseum.com/rca/)

1955         Feb 1, Top hits included: Melody of Love, Billy Vaughn/The Four Aces/David Carroll; Hearts of Stone, The Fontane Sisters; Earth Angel, Penguins/Crew-Cuts; Open Up Your Heart (and Let the Sun Shine In), Cowboy Church Sunday School.
    (440 Int'l, 2/1/1999)

1955        Feb 8, John Grisham, writer (Client, Firm, Pelican Brief), was born.
    (MC, 2/8/02)
1955        Feb 8, Malenkov resigned as USSR premier. Bulganin replaced him.
    (MC, 2/8/02)

1955        Feb 9, US federations of trade unions agreed to merge into the AFL-CIO: The American Federation of Labor and the Congress of Industrial Organizations.
    (AH, 2/05, p.17)(SFC, 2/4/05, p.F9)
1955        Feb 9, In South Africa some 2,000 policemen, armed with handguns, rifles and clubs known as knobkierries, forcefully moved the black families of Sophiatown to Meadowlands, Soweto.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sophiatown)

1955        Feb 10, Bell Aircraft displayed a fixed-wing vertical takeoff plane. An ingenious blend of airplane and helicopter features, the Fairey Rotodyne was a case of almost—but not quite enough.
    (HN, 2/10/97)

1955        Feb 12, The McGuire Sisters' "Sincerely" single went to #1 for 10 weeks.
    (MC, 2/12/02)
1955        Feb 12, President Eisenhower sent 1st US "advisors" to South Vietnam to aid the government under Ngo Dinh Diem.
    (SFEC, 4/23/00, p.A19)(MC, 2/12/02)

1955        Feb 13, Israel acquired 4 of 7 Dead Sea scrolls. Israel already had 3 scrolls, acquired in 1947. The 4 scrolls were purchased from a Christian clergyman, a Syrian Orthodox archbishop. The price, according to the New York Times, was an estimated $300,000.
    (NYT, 2/14/55, p.21)

1955        Feb 14, A Jewish couple lost their fight to adopt Catholic twins as the U.S. Supreme Court refused to rule on state law.
    (HN, 2/14/98)
1955        Feb 14, James Stephen George Boggs, American artist, was born in New Jersey. He is best known for his hand-drawn, one-sided depictions of US banknotes (known as "Boggs notes") and his various "Boggs bills."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/J._S._G._Boggs)

1955        Feb 15, The 1st pilot plant to produce man-made diamonds announced.
    (440 Int’l., 2/15/99)

1955        Feb 16, Theodore Bikel (1924-2015) made his Broadway debut in “Tonight in Samarkand," at the Morosco Theatre.
    (http://www.playbillvault.com/Show/Detail/2436/Tonight-in-Samarkand)(SFC, 7/23/15, p.D4)

1955        Feb 17, Britain announced its ability to make hydrogen bombs.
    (HN, 2/17/98)

1955        Feb 20, Kelsey Grammer, actor (Fraiser), was born in the Virgin Islands.
    (MC, 2/20/02)

1955        Feb 23, Eight nations (the United States, Australia, France, Great Britain, New Zealand, the Philippines, Pakistan, and Thailand) met in Bangkok for the first SEATO council.
    (HN, 2/23/98)(HN, 9/8/98)

1955        Feb 24, Steven Jobs, co-founder (Apple Computer), was born.
    (SFC, 8/25/11, p.A10)
1955        Feb 24, The Cole Porter musical "Silk Stockings" opened at the Imperial Theater on Broadway for 461 performances.
    (AP, 2/24/99)(MC, 2/24/02)
1955        Feb 24, Ike Eisenhower met with newspaper publisher Roy Howard and expressed his resistance under pressure to commit American troops to Vietnam. The conversation was recorded on a dictabelt machine that Eisenhower had secretly installed in the president’s office.
    (SFEC, 6/15/97, p.A14)

1955        Feb 26, "Peter Pan" closed at Winter Garden Theater in NYC after 149 performances.
    (SC, 2/26/02)
1955        Feb 26, G.F. Smith became the 1st aviator to bail out at supersonic speed.
    (SC, 2/26/02)

1955        Mar 1, The SF Chronicle reported that a Univ. of California survey found that Americans spend more money on comic books that all the country’s elementary schools and high schools spend on textbooks.
    (SFC, 2/25/05, p.F4)
1955        Mar 1, Chase National (3rd largest bank) and Bank of the Manhattan Company (15th largest bank) merged and were renamed as Chase Manhattan.
    (http://www.dfs.ny.gov/about/histh.txt)
1955        Mar 1, An Israeli retaliation in Gaza is reported as having killed 37 Egyptians and wounded 29 others. Palestinians stoned the United Nations Gaza office. 
    (www.fsmitha.com/time/1955.htm)

1955        Mar 2, The William Inge play "Bus Stop" opened at the Music Box Theatre in New York.
    (AP, 3/2/02)
1955        Mar 2, Claudette Colvin refuses to give up her seat in Montgomery, Alabama, nine months before Rosa Parks' famous arrest for the same offense.
    (HN, 3/2/00)
1955        Mar 2, King Norodom Sihanouk of Cambodia put his father on the throne and assumed the position of prime minister.
    (SC, 3/2/02)(WSJ, 5/15/03, p.A8)

1955        Mar 4, 1st radio facsimile transmission (fax) was sent across the continent.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1955        Mar 5, A truck driver from Tupelo, Miss., made his first-ever TV appearance on this night. Elvis Aron Presley was featured on "Louisiana Hayride". This prompted promoters to send Elvis to New York City to audition for Arthur Godfrey's immensely popular and career-making "Talent Scouts" program. Talent coordinators and Godfrey are said to have passed on Elvis appearing on the show. Not much later, he was tossed out of the Grand Ole Opry as well, and told to "go back to driving a truck." In a little over a year, however, the nation was caught up in Presley-mania which continues even today.
    (www.imdb.com/title/tt1087605/)(www.scottymoore.net/tourdates50s.html)

1955        Mar 6, A US Atomic Energy Spokesman said a cloud from the atomic blast at Nevada’s Yucca Flat passed over the Central California coastline.
    (SFC, 3/4/05, p.F3)

1955        Mar 7, Baseball Commissioner Ford Frick said he favors legalization of spitter.
    (MC, 3/7/02)
1955        Mar 7, Mary Martin as "Peter Pan" was televised.
    (MC, 3/7/02)

1955        Mar 11, Alexander Fleming (73), English bacteriologist (penicillin), died.
    (MC, 3/12/02)

1955        Mar 15, The U.S. Air Force unveiled a self-guided missile.
    (HN, 3/15/98)

1955        Mar 16, President Eisenhower upheld the use of atomic weapons in case of war.
    (MC, 3/16/02)

1955        Mar 18, USF Dons won the NCAA basketball championship over LaSalle 77-63. Center Bill Russell scored 23 and set a 5-game tournament record of 118 points.
    (SFC, 3/18/05, p.F6)

1955        Mar 20, Count Mihaly Karolyi (b.1875), a nationalist who helped form modern Hungary’s 1st government (1918), died.
    (Sm, 3/06, p.79)(www.britannica.com/eb/article-9044761)

1955        Mar 21, Walter White (b.1893), African American leader, died. As executive secretary (1931-1955) he built the NAACP into America’s most influential civil rights organization. In 2008 Thomas Dyja authored “Walter White: The Dilemma of Black Identity in America."
    (WSJ, 10/18/08, p.W8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walter_Francis_White)
1955        Mar 21, Archbishop Makarios of Cyprus desired Cyprus joining Greece.
    (MC, 3/21/02)

1955        Mar 22, Linda Stout became the first person at Mayo Clinic, and the second person in the world, to have open-heart surgery with the aid of a heart-lung bypass machine.
    (www.mayoclinic.org/history/)

1955        Mar 24, The Tennessee Williams play "Cat on a Hot Tin Roof" opened on Broadway with Barbara Bel Geddes as Maggie, Ben Gazzara as Brick and Burl Ives as Big Daddy. Paul Newman won Gazzara’s role for the 1958 film.
    (AP, 3/23/97)(SSFC, 1/23/05, Par p.2)
1955        Mar 24, The 1st seagoing oil drill rig was placed in service.
    (MC, 3/24/02)

1955        Mar 25, E. Germany was granted full sovereignty by occupying power, USSR.
    (MC, 3/25/02)

1955        Mar 26, "Ballad of Davy Crockett" by Fess Parker became the #1 record in US.
    (SS, 3/26/02)

1955        Mar 27, Steve McQueen made his network TV debut on the Goodyear Playhouse.
    (MC, 3/27/02)

1955        Mar 28, John Marshall Harlan was sworn in to the U.S. Supreme Court. [2nd source says the appointment was in 1957]
    (HN, 3/28/98)(WSJ, 6/11/99, p.A8)

1955        Mar 31, US Assay Office in Seattle, Washington, closed.
    (MC, 3/31/02)
1955               Apr 1,  "One Man’s Family" was seen on TV for the final time after a six-years on NBC-TV.
    (OTD)
1955        Apr 1, EOKA-bomb attacks took place against British government buildings in Cyprus.
    (MC, 4/1/02)

1955        Apr 3, In Guadalajara, Mexico, a night train plunged into a canyon and some 300 people were killed.
    (SFC, 6/4/98, p.A15)(AP, 2/18/04)

1955        Apr 5, Richard J. Daley was elected mayor of Chicago. He served 6 terms until his death in 1976.
    (www.chipublib.org/004chicago/mayors/daley1.html)(Econ, 3/18/06, Survey p.14)
1955        Apr 5, Winston Churchill resigned as British prime minister. He was replaced by Anthony Eden who served to 1957. Eden's biography by Sir Robert Rhodes James (d.1999 at 66) was published in 1987.
    (HN, 5/5/97)(SFC, 5/25/99, p.Be)

1955        Apr 7, Theda Bara (Theodosia Goodman), silent screen sex symbol, died. Her films included "A Fool There Was" and "Kathleen Mavoureen."
    (HNPD, 7/24/98)(WUD, 1994 p.118)

1955        Apr 8, Barbara Kingsolver, novelist (The Bean Trees, Animal Dreams), was born.
    (HN, 4/8/01)

1955        Apr 11, Just before the Bandung conference, an apparent attempt to kill China's then-Premier Zhou Enlai resulted in the deadly crash of a chartered Air India plane. Declassified Chinese documents have suggested that Taiwanese agents placed the bomb in the mistaken belief that Zhou was on board. The device detonated as the Lockheed Constellation, named Kashmiri Princess, was descending north of Jakarta. It caused a fire that forced the pilots to ditch the airliner. The co-pilot, flight engineer and navigator managed to swim to safety, but 16 other passengers and crew members drowned. They included six journalists and Air India's chief pilot, Capt. D.K. Jatar.
    (AP, 4/24/05)(www.outlookindia.com/pti_news.asp?id=236591)

1955        Apr 12, The Salk Vaccine was declared safe and effective. Salk vaccine shots for polio began to be given out to school kids. The March of Dimes accomplished its mission within 20 years. Research led by Dr. Jonas Salk, of the Univ. of Pittsburgh, and supported by funds (those marching little dimes) raised annually by thousands of volunteers, resulted in the announcement that the Salk polio vaccine was "safe, potent and effective." The foundation also supported the research that led to the Sabin oral vaccine, another safe, effective polio preventative discovered by Dr. Albert B. Sabin. Following the victory over infantile paralysis, the March of Dimes turned its attention to conquering the largest killer and crippler of children: the mental and physical problems that are present at birth. Some 100 million people were given the vaccine during the 1950s and 1960s which was later found to be contaminated with the SV40 simian virus, a possible carcinogen.
    (AP, 4/12/97)(440 Int'l, 1/3/99)(SSFC, 7/15/01, p.A16,17)

1955        Apr 15, Ray Kroc acquired the McDonald’s chain of fast food restaurants. He was a food service equipment salesman who owned the national marketing rights to the milk-shake mixers used at the chain. He purchased the chain from Richard (d.1998 at 89) and Maurice McDonald (d.1971) who started the operation in California in 1948. Kroc built his first restaurant in Des Plains, Illinois, and later established his world headquarters and a company museum there.
    (WSJ, 5/30/97, p.A1)(HN, 4/15/98)(SFC, 7/15/98, p.A20)

1955        Apr 16, Abdullah Seif el-Islam, brother of Yemenite king Ahmed, was beheaded.
    (MC, 4/16/02)

1955        Apr 17, The Bandung Conference opened in the Javanese city of Bandung and continued to April 25. This int’l. meeting founded the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM). The 1st forum of 29 Asian and African nations was marked by superpower hostility. The aim of the conference was to oppose the Western and Soviet blocs and stay neutral.
    (WSJ, 7/24/01, p.B4)(AP, 4/24/05)(http://tinyurl.com/buaol)

1955        Apr 18, Albert Einstein (76), physicist, died in Princeton New Jersey. Dr. Thomas Harvey, chief pathologist at Princeton Hospital, performed Albert Einstein’s autopsy. He removed the brain and took it home. In 2000 Michael Paterniti authored "Driving Mr. Albert: A Trip Across America with Einstein’s Brain." In 1999 it was reported that Einstein’s inferior parietal lobe was larger than normal. In 2000 Amir D. Aczel published "God's Equation: Einstein, Relativity, and the Expanding Universe." [see Apr 15] In 1983 Abraham Pais (d.2000 at 81) authored "Subtle Is the Lord: The Science and the Life of Albert Einstein." In 2000 Dennis Overbye authored "Einstein In Love," on Einstein’s 1st marriage with Mileva Maric. In 2002 Fred Jerome authored "The Einstein File: J. Edgar Hoover’s Secret War Against the World’s Most Famous Scientist." In 2007 Walter Isaacson authored “Einstein: His Life and Universe;" Jurgen Neffe authored “Einstein: A Biography;" and Jozsef Illy edited “Albert Meets America," a chronicle of Einstein’s first visit to the US (1921) on a fundraising tour with Zionist leader Chaim Weizman.
    (AP, 4/18/97)(SFC, 6/18/99, p.A18)(SFEC, 1/9/00, BR p.4)(SFC, 8/1/00, p.B2)(WSJ, 10/20/00, p.W10)(SSFC, 3/18/01, BR p.6)(SFC, 9/15/02, p.M5)(WSJ, 4/6/07, p.B3)(SSFC, 5/13/07, p.M6)

1955        Apr 21, The Jerome Lawrence-Robert Lee play "Inherit the Wind," loosely based on the Scopes trial of 1925, opened at the National Theatre in New York.
    (AP, 4/21/99)

1955        Apr 22, Congress ordered all U.S. coins to bear motto "In God We Trust".
    (HN, 4/22/98)

1955        Apr 23, "Kismet" closed at Ziegfeld Theater NYC after 583 performances.
    (MC, 4/23/02)

1955        Apr 25, The 1st cases of polio in children who received a vaccine were reported. It was later found that 2 batches of vaccine made by Cutter Laboratories of Berkeley, Ca., contained live polio virus.
    (SFC, 4/25/05, p.A1)

1955        Apr 26, Popular music of the day included: "Melody of Love" by Billy Vaughn; "Cherry Pink and Apple Blossom White" by Perez Prado; and "In the Jailhouse Now" by Webb Pierce. Jailhouse stayed at No. 1 for 21 weeks. Cherry Pink, sung by Alan Dale (d.2002 at 73), stayed on the charts for 30 weeks.
    (440 Int’l. Internet, 4/26/97, p.1)(SFC, 4/25/02, p.A24)(SFC, 11/27/03, p.A24)

1955        Apr 27, The US government suspended the use of all Salk vaccine manufactured by Cutter Laboratories in Berkeley, Ca., pending the investigation of 7-14 cases among children inoculated with the company’s vaccine.
    (SFC, 4/22/05, p.F3)

1955        Apr 28, Stephanie Bryan (14) failed to return home from school at Willard Jr. High in Berkeley, Ca. She was allegedly kidnapped by Burton Abbott, a married accounting student at Cal. Abbott was convicted and executed at San Quentin in 1957 just minutes before Gov. Knight called for a stay. In 1995 Keith Walker authored “A Trail of Corn," covering the case. [see Jul 20]
    (SFEC,12/28/97, p.D5)(SSFC, 5/2/04, p.A2)

1955        Apr 30, West German unions protested for 40-hour work week and more wages.
    (MC, 4/30/02)
1955        Apr 30, Bao Dai (1913-1997), Vietnam’s former emperor (1926-1945), ended his term as chief of state (1949-1955). He went into exile in France where he died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bao_Dai)

1955        Apr, Alberto Ascari, champion race car driver, lost control of his Ferrari in Milan and was killed. In 2004 Brock Yates authored “Against Death and Time."
    (WSJ, 7/7/04, p.D10)

1955        May 2, Pulitzer prize was awarded to Tennessee Williams for Cat on Hot Tin Roof.
    (MC, 5/2/02)

1955        May 4, Georges Enescu (73), Romanian-French violist, composer (Oedipe), died.
    (MC, 5/4/02)

1955        May 5, The baseball musical "Damn Yankees" opened on Broadway. It was produced by George Abbott and Douglass Wallop and ran for 1022 performances. Ray Walston played the devil in the play and the 1958 movie.
    (SFEC, 8/25/96, DB p.41)(AP, 5/5/00)(SFC, 10/23/00, p.F3)
1955        May 5, The US detonated a 29-kiloton nuclear device in Nevada. "Apple 2" was the 2nd of 40 tests of Operation Cue, meant to study the effects of a nuclear explosion on a typical American community.
    (AH, 6/02, p.72)
1955        May 5, West Germany became a sovereign state.
    (AP, 5/5/97)
1955        May 5, India’s parliament accepted Hindu divorce.
    (MC, 5/5/02)

1955        May 6, West Germany joined NATO.
    (WSJ, 10/8/01, p.A14)(MC, 5/6/02)

1955        May 10, Mark David Chapman, assassin (John Lennon), was born.
    (MC, 5/10/02)

1955        May 11, Israel attacked Gaza.
    (MC, 5/11/02)

1955        May 13, Mickey Mantle hit 3 consecutive HRs of at least 463’.
    (SS, Internet, 5/13/97)

1955        May 14, Representatives from eight Communist bloc countries: Soviet Union, Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland & Romania, signed the Warsaw Pact in Poland. Andras Hegedues signed for Hungary.
    (AP, 5/14/97)(SFC, 10/26/99, p.B4)(MC, 5/14/02)

1955        May 15, A treaty was signed in Vienna by the representatives of the four powers and Austria. It formally reestablished the Austrian republic in its pre-1938 frontiers as a “sovereign, independent and democratic state."
    (www.britannica.com/eb/article-33385/Austria)

1955        May 16, Rocky Marciano (1923-1969) defeated Don Cocknell in 9 rounds in San Francisco’s Kezar Stadium to retain his world light heavyweight title. This was the 1st international light heavyweight bout in Kezar since 1940.
    (SFC, 5/13/05, p.F2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rocky_Marciano)

1955        May 16, Olga Korbut, Olympic gymnast (2 golds-1972), was born in Grodno, Belorussia.
    (HN, 5/16/98)(MC, 5/16/02)
1955        May 16, American author and critic James Agee died in New York.
    (AP, 5/16/01)

1955        May 18, 28.7 cm rain fell at Lake Maloya, NM, for a state record.
    (SC, 5/18/02)
1955        May 18, Queen Juliana opened the E55 fair in Amsterdam.
    (SC, 5/18/02)
1955        May 18, Mary McLeod Bethune (79), educator & civil rights leader, died.
    (SC, 5/18/02)
1955        May 18, Edwin Scharff (68), German painter, sculptor (Rossebändiger), died.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1955        May 19, In Vietnam Maj. Vo Bam, a defense supply specialist, was instructed to find a supply route south. Bam's route became the Ho Chi Minh Trail.
    (SFC, 8/18/00, p.D2)

1955        May 20, Argentine parliament accepted the separation of church & state.
    (MC, 5/20/02)

1955        May 21, The first transcontinental round-trip solo flight was completed.
    (HN, 5/21/98)

1955        May 25, Connie Selleca, actress (Hotel, Captain America II), was born in  Bronx, NY.
    (SC, 5/25/02)
1955        May 25, Series of 19 twisters destroyed Udall, KS., and most of Blackwell, OK.
    (SC, 5/25/02)

1955        May 26, Khrushchev arrived in Belgrade.
    (MC, 5/26/02)

1955        May 29, Jerry Dengler, singer (Mason Dixon-Karen Comes Around), was born in Colorado Springs, CO.
    (SC, 5/29/02)
1955        May 29, John Hinckley Jr., attempted assassin of President Reagan, was born.
    (HN, 5/29/98)
1955        May 29, Mike Porcaro, rock bassist (Toto-Roseanna, Africa), was born.
    (SC, 5/29/02)
1955        May 29, Jordan government of Tewfik Abdul Huda resigned.
    (SC, 5/29/02)

1955        May 31, The US Supreme Court ordered that states must end racial segregation "with all deliberate speed."
    (HN, 5/31/98)
1955        May 31, Great Britain proclaimed emergency crisis due to railroad strike.
    (MC, 5/31/02)

1955        May, The first leveraged buy-out deal took place. The first LBO may have been the purchase by McLean Industries, Inc. of Waterman Steamship Corporation.
    (Econ, 2/25/12, SRp.5)(www.associatepublisher.com/e/l/le/leveraged_buyout.htm)
1955        May, Bill Vukovich, 2-time winner of the Indianapolis 500, was killed while going for his 3rd win.
    (WSJ, 7/7/04, p.D10)
1955        May, John Jay Hopkins, president of General Dynamics, visited Japan. The previous December Hopkins had suggested an “Atomic Marshall Plan" for Japan. Matsutaro Shoriki, head of the Yomiuri Shimbun newspaper, then urged Hopkins to deliver his message in person.
    (Econ, 12/22/12, p.62)

1955        Jun 1, "Front Row Center", TV Anthology; debut on CBS.
    (DT, 6/1/97)
1955        Jun 1, "The Sky’s The Limit", TV Game Show; last aired on NBC. Low ratings were the limit there.
    (DT, 6/1/97)
1955        Jun 1, The 3-day Messina Conference opened in Sicily. This conference of the foreign ministers of the six member states of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) led to the creation of the European Economic Community in 1958.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Messina_Conference)(Econ, 10/17/15, SR p.7)

1955        Jun 2, Dana Carvey, comedian (Sat Night Live-Church Lady, George Bush), was born.
    (SC, 6/2/02)
1955        Jun 2, Garry Grimes, actor (Summer of '42, Class of '44), was born in SF.
    (SC, 6/2/02)

1955        Jun 7, Pres. Eisenhower became the 1st president to appear on color TV.
    (SC, 6/7/02)
1955        Jun 7, "The $64,000 Question" premiered on CBS TV. It was the top ranking network show on television with a ranking of 47.5%. It featured Art Carney and Jackie Gleason and was in part created by Joseph Cates (d.1998 at 74).
    (WSJ, 4/24/95, p.R-5)(SFC, 10/13/98, p.A22)(SC, 6/7/02)

1955        Jun 9, Langdon Warner (b.1881), American archaeologist and art historian, died in Cambridge, Mass. He was the curator of the Brooklyn Museum from 1947-1949 and specialized in East Asian art.
    (http://tinyurl.com/mqgzxvt)(Econ., 4/25/15, p.79)

1955        Jun 11, The 1st jet magnesium airplane was flown.
    (SC, 6/11/02)
1955        Jun 11, In Le Mans, France, a Mercedes-Benz racer crashed killing its driver and some 81 spectators. Pierre Levegh’s car hit the bank by the grandstand and immediately exploded. Parts of the wreckage were blown into the enclosure, killing scores of mostly-French spectators. Levegh was speeding down the straightaway in front of the pits when he clipped an Austin-Healey driven by British driver Lance Macklin.
    (WSJ, 7/7/04, p.D10)(http://tinyurl.com/69g9e)

1955        Jun 16, The U.S. House of Representatives voted to extend Selective Service until 1959.
    (HN, 6/16/98)
1955        Jun 16, Pope Pius XII excommunicated Argentine President Juan Domingo Peron. The ban was lifted eight years later.
    (AP, 6/16/98)

1955        Jun 20, Michael Anthony, (bassist for Van Halen), was born.
    (MC, 6/20/02)
1955        Jun 20, The 10th commemorative session of the UN opened in SF with delegates from 60 nations. Pres. Eisenhower pledged a US policy of “peaceful and reasonable negotiations" with all other powers.
    (SFC, 6/17/05, p.F3)
1955        Jun 20, The AFL and CIO agreed to combine names for a merged group.
    (HN, 6/20/98)

1955        Jun 21, The David Lean movie "Summertime" starring Katharine Hepburn and Rossano Brazzi had its world premiere in New York.
    (AP, 6/21/05)

1955        Jun 23, Walt Disney's "Lady and the Tramp," the first animated feature filmed in CinemaScope, opened in theaters.
    (AP, 6/23/99)

1955        Jun 24, Soviet MIG’s down a lightly armed US Navy patrol plane over the Bering Strait. Russia’s foreign minister V.M. Molotov expressed his country’s regrets the next day.
    (HN, 6/24/98)(SFC, 6/24/05, p.F7)

1955        Jun 25, "Can Can" closed at Shubert Theater NYC after 892 performances.
    (MC, 6/25/02)

1955        Jun 26, South Africa’s Congress of the People gathered in Soweto and adopted a Freedom Charter. It called for the mineral wealth beneath the soil to be transferred to the people as a whole.
    (www.anc.org.za/ancdocs/history/charter.html)(Econ, 10/20/12, p.22)

1955        Jun 27, Isabelle Adjani, actress (Story of Adele H, Driver, Ishtar), was born in Paris.
    (SC, 6/27/02)
1955        Jun 27, 1st automobile seat belt legislation was enacted in Illinois.
    (SC, 6/27/02)

1955        Jun 29, The Soviet Union sent tanks to Pozan, Poland, to put down anti-Communist demonstrations.
    (HN, 6/29/98)

1955        Jun 30, The "Johnny Carson Show," debuted on CBS-TV.
    (SFC, 1/24/05, p.A8)
1955        Jun 30, The U.S. began funding West Germany’s rearmament.
    (HN, 6/30/98)

1955        Jun, The Detroit centered 12 O’Clock Comics with Soupy Sales went national on the ABC network for 8-weeks.
    (DFP, 7/28/96, p.F8)
1955        June, Gordon Wasson, a vice-president of J.P. Morgan, traveled to Mexico and became one of the first outsiders to eat the hallucinogenic psilocybin mushroom.
    (Econ, 7/15/06, p.78)

1955        Jul 1, Singapore’s government started the Central Provident Fund, a compulsory comprehensive social security savings plan. It required contributions from both employees and employers.
    (Econ, 4/3/10, SR p.6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Central_Provident_Fund)

1955        Jul 2, "The Lawrence Welk Show" premiered on ABC television.
    (AP, 7/2/98)

1955            Jul 5, By this day, a day before Bill Haley’s 30th birthday, "Rock Around the Clock" topped the US billboards chart and stayed there for 8 weeks. The film “Blackboard Jungle," released in March, helped propel it to the top.
    (www.rockabillyhall.com/RockClockTribute.html)

1955        Jul 9, Jimmy Smits, actor (Victor-LA Law, Running Scared,  NYPD Blue), was born in Brooklyn.
    (MC, 7/9/02)
1955        Jul 9, Scientists in London issued a manifesto declaring that researchers must take responsibility for their creations, such as the atomic bomb. Bertrand Russel, British pacifist philosopher, drafted the manifesto, which served as the philosophical origin for the 1997 Pugwash Conference (Nova Scotia) against nuclear arms. It was signed by ten other scientists that included as Joseph Rotblat (1995 Nobel Peace Prize), Albert Einstein, Linus Pauling and Frederic Joliot-Curie.
    (WSJ, 10/16/95, p. A-15)

1955        Jul 11, The Air Force Academy was dedicated at its temporary quarters, Lowry Air Force Base in Colorado.
    (AP, 7/11/05)

1955        Jul 13, Ruth Ellis, last English woman (murderess), was executed by hanging. Ten days before she had shot her husband, Ellis suffered a miscarriage after Blakely, the baby's father, punched her in the stomach
    (MC, 7/13/02)(AP, 9/16/03)

1955        Jul 17, Walt Disney’s $17-million Disneyland opened to the public in Anaheim, Calif. The site had been a 160-acre orange ranch just off the Santa Ana Freeway. Entry tickets for kids was 50 cents and $1 for adults.
    (SSFC, 5/1/05, p.F3)(AP, 7/17/08)(SFC, 7/17/15, p.C3)

1955        Jul 18, A summit opened in Geneva, Switzerland, attended by Pres. Eisenhower, Soviet Premier Nikolai Bulganin, British PM Anthony Eden and French Premier Edgar Faure.
    (AP, 7/18/05)
1955        Jul 18, 1st electric power generated from atomic energy was sold commercially.
    (MC, 7/18/02)

1955        Jul 20, The body of Stephanie Bryan was found in Trinity County, Ca., where Burton Abbott owned a fishing cabin. Burton W. "Bud" Abbott, an ex-GI, was later convicted and executed for her murder. The story is covered in the 1997 book: "Shallow Grave in Trinity County" by Harry Farrell. [see Apr 28]
    (SFC, 12/2/97, p.D5)(SFEC,12/28/97, p.D5)

1955        Jul 21, During the Geneva summit, President Eisenhower presented his "open skies" proposal under which the United States and the Soviet Union would trade information on each other's military facilities and allow aerial reconnaissance.
    (AP, 7/21/07)
1955        Jul 21, First sub powered by liquid metal cooled reactor launched - Seawolf.
    (OGA, 11/24/98)

1955        Jul 25, Iman, model, David Bowie's girlfriend, actress (Star Trek VI), was born.
    (SC, 7/25/02)

1955        Jul, Mad Magazine introduced a new format under William M. Gaines. [see 1952] In 1972 Frank Jacobs wrote "The Mad World of William M. Gaines.
    (SFC, 3/3/99, Z1 p.4)(SFC, 1/8/00, p.A20)

1955        Aug 3, Automobile Association of America ended support of auto racing.
    (SC, 8/3/02)
1955        Aug 3, Hurricane Connie began pounding US for 11 days.
    (SC, 8/3/02)

1955        Aug 4, Billy Bob Thornton, American actor, was born. He became an occasional director, playwright, screenwriter and singer. By 2009 he was married five times, his most recent ex-wife being actress Angelina Jolie.
    (www.spiritus-temporis.com/billy-bob-thornton/)
1955        Aug 4, Eisenhower authorized $46 million for the construction of CIA headquarters.
    (MC, 8/4/02)
1955        Aug 4, The U-2 reconnaissance prototype made its first flight.
    (NPub, 2002, p.17)

1955        Aug 5, The Oakland, Ca., fire department ended segregation between black and white fire fighters.
    (SSFC, 2/5/06, p.B7)
1955        Aug 5, Carmen Miranda (42), singer, actress (Down Argentine Way), died.
    (MC, 8/5/02)

1955        Aug 8, Fidel Castro formed his "July 26th Movement."
    (MC, 8/8/02)

1955        Aug 12, Pres Eisenhower raised the minimum wage from $0.75 to $1 an hour.
    (SC, 8/12/02)
1955        Aug 12, Thomas Mann (80), German writer (Dr. Faustus, Nobel 1929), died. Two biographies of Mann were published in 1995: Thomas Mann: A Biography by Ronald Hayman and Thomas Mann: A Life by Donald Prater.
    (V.D.-H.K.p.367-368)(WSJ, 12/26/95, p. A-5)(MC, 8/12/02)

1955        Aug 16, Fiat Motors ordered the 1st private atomic reactor.
    (MC, 8/16/02)

1955        Aug 17, Hurricane Diane followed hurricane Connie and flooded the Connecticut River killing 190 and doing $1.8 billion in damage.
    (SC, 8/17/02)

1955        Aug 18, South Sudanese openly open fire and told the government in Khartoum that enough is enough. Southern Sudanese were transported in thousands to Port Sudan to dig salt for the survival of the northern government. Regions in South Sudan come together to give support to Torit mutineers. The Torit mutiny resulted into the Anya-nya I war that ended with the Addis Ababa Agreement in 1972.
    (www.sudantribune.com/18-August-1955-South-Sudan-heroes,23627)

1955        Aug 19, US raised the import duty on bicycles 50%.
    (MC, 8/19/02)
1955        Aug 19, Severe flooding in the Northeast caused by the remnants of Hurricane Diane claimed some 200 lives.
    (AP, 8/19/97)

1955        Aug 20, Hundreds of people were killed in anti-French rioting in Morocco and Algeria.
    (AP, 8/20/97)

1955        Aug 25, Elvis Costello (Declan McManus), musician, songwriter (I'm Not Angry, Less than Zero, Watching the Detectives,  Clubland, Oliver's Army, Every Day I Write the Book, I'm  Your Toy, Party, Party, So Young), was born.
    (MC, 8/25/02)
1955        Aug 25, Last Soviet forces left Austria.
    (MC, 8/25/02)

1955        Aug 27, The "Guinness Book of World Records" was 1st published. It posted sales of 80 million in 1997.
    (WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R34)(WSJ, 7/30/99, p.B1)(MC, 8/27/01)

1955        Aug 28, Emmett Till (14), a black teenager from Chicago, was abducted from his uncle's home in Money, Miss., by white men after he had supposedly whistled at Carolyn Bryant, a white woman. Till’s beaten body was found three days later. His left eye and an ear were missing, as were most of his teeth. His nose was rushed and there was a hole in his right temple. Eyewitnesses linked Carolyn’s husband Roy Bryant and half-brother J.W. Milam to the murder. Bryant and Milam were indicted Sep 10 for a trial on Sep 19. Both were acquitted by an all-white jury. Bryant and Milan later confessed to the killing in a magazine interview. The area was a cotton-trading center where the white Citizens Councils maintained their regional headquarters. In 2004 the US Justice Dept. opened a criminal investigation into the case. In 2005 the US Senate acknowledged a share in the boy’s death.
    (AP, 8/28/99)(SFC, 5/11/04, p.A4)(SFC, 6/14/05, p.A2)(SFC, 9/9/05, p.F5)(SFC, 3/17/06, p.A5)(SFC, 7/25/13, p.A20)

1955        Aug 31, 1st sun-powered automobile demonstrated, Chicago, Ill.
    (YN, 8/31/99)

1955        Sep 1, Philip Loeb (61), actor (Jake-The Goldbergs), died.
    (SC, 9/1/02)

1955        Sep 5, The 1st SigAlert, a traffic alert system, was broadcast in Los Angeles. The system was invented by Loyd C. Sigmon (d.2004).
    (SSFC, 6/6/04, B5)

1955        Sep 6-1955 Sep 7, Well-orchestrated mobs ran amok in the Greek sections of Istanbul. Churches, shops and cemeteries were looted and desecrated and some people were killed. Provocation, believed to have been orchestrated by the Tactical Mobilization Group of the Special Forces command, led to a mass exodus of ethnic Greeks from Istanbul. In 2005 Speros Vryonis Jr. authored  “The Mechanisms of Catastrophe: The Turkish Pogrom of September 6-7, 1955, and the Destruction of the Greek Community of Istanbul.
    (Econ, 8/27/05, p.67)(Econ, 1/2/10, p.38)

1955        Sep 8, The Brooklyn Dodgers won the National League pennant, the earliest a team had achieved this.
    (MC, 9/8/01)

1955        Sep 10, The TV show "Gunsmoke," starring James Arness as Marshal Matt Dillon, premiered on CBS and lasted to 1975.
    (AP, 9/10/05)

1955        Sep 14, Marine Capt. Richard McCutchen became the 1st contestant to win the TV quiz “$64,000 Question."
    (SFC, 9/9/05, p.F5)

1955        Sep 15, Olympia Press published Vladimir Nabokov’s novel “Lolita."
    (www.evergreenreview.com/100/nabokov2.html)

1955        Sep 17, A US Convair B-36 bomber took off from Carswell AFB, Texas, becoming the first aircraft in the world to fly with a nuclear reactor. Over the next 2 years the Convair Crusader made 47 flights.
    (AH, 2/03, p.51)

1955        Sep 19, President Juan Peron of Argentina was ousted after a revolt by the army and navy. The military leaders confiscated the body of Eva Peron to keep opposing political forces from using her body to rally the masses.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1955)(SFC, 12/24/96, p.A8)(AP, 9/19/97)(SFC, 2/3/98, p.A15)

1955        Sep 20, Rocky Marciano knocked out Archie Moore in the 9th round in NYC.
    (SFC, 9/16/05, p.F6)(www.fighttoys.com/Marciano-Moore.htm)

1955        Sep 21, The last allied occupying troops left Austria.
    (MC, 9/21/01)

1955        Sep 22, Commercial TV began in England. ITV began broadcasting at 7:15 pm in the London region only. Associated Rediffusion was awarded the London weekday license by the ITA, with ITN established as a separate company to supply news. ATV London began broadcasting on weekends 2 days later.
    (http://media.guardian.co.uk/broadcast/story/0,7493,1057710,00.html)
1955        Sep 22, Hurricane Janet hit Grenada (British West Indies). 500 people were killed in the Caribbean area. 75% of the nutmeg trees of Grenada were destroyed.
    (PCh, 1992, p.952)(MC, 9/22/01)

1955        Sep 24, President Eisenhower suffered a heart attack while on vacation in Denver. The illness didn't prevent Eisenhower from being re-elected to a second term the following year.
    (AP, 9/24/97)(MC, 9/24/01)

1955        Sep 25, Patty Berg won the LPGA Clock Golf Open.
    (MC, 9/25/01)

1955        Sep 26, The New York Stock Exchange suffered $44 million loss, the heaviest one-day loss since 1929 following word that Pres. Dwight D. Eisenhower had suffered a heart attack.
    (AP, 9/26/03)

1955        Sep 29, The Arthur Miller one-act play "A View From the Bridge" opened at the Coronet Theater in New York City.
    (AP, 9/29/97)(WSJ, 12/17/97, p.A20)

1955         Sep 30, Actor James Dean, best known for his role as a restless teen in Rebel Without a Cause, died in a high-speed two-car collision at the corner of Highways 46 and 41 in Cholame, near Paso Robles, Ca. In 1950, he had made his acting debut in a Pepsi commercial, for which he was paid $30. Dean gained fame after a lead role on Broadway in 1952 and appearances on television and in movies. His first major film role was in East of Eden in 1954. Just days after filming Giant the next year, Dean was driving his silver Porsche, called "Little Bastard," to a race in Salinas with his mechanic when he collided head-on with another car. He was 24 years old.
    (SFC,1/22/97, p.E1)(AP, 9/30/97)(HNPD, 9/30/98)(HN, 9/30/98)

1955        Sep, Chinese-born Tsien Hsue-sen, an American-trained rocketry expert and co-founder of NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, left the United States for China. His departure came after five years of virtual house arrest following accusations of communist sympathies. He became the leader of China's rocketry program.
    (AP, 10/15/03)

1955        Oct 3, "Captain Kangaroo" with Bob Keeshan began its run on CBS TV. The show ended in 1993.
    (WSJ, 3/6/97, p.B1)(AP, 10/3/00)
1955        Oct 3, The Disney sponsored Mickey Mouse Club began on ABC TV and ran to 1959.
    (WSJ, 3/6/97, p.B1)(SFC, 11/30/98, p.A8)

1955        Oct 5, A stage adaptation of "The Diary of Anne Frank" opened at the Cort Theatre in New York.
    (AP, 10/5/97)

1955        Oct 6, LSD was made illegal in US.
    (MC, 10/6/01)
1955        Oct 6, A United Airlines plane bound for SF crashed in Wyoming killing 66 people. It was the worst commercial airline crash to date in US history.
    (SFC, 9/30/05, p.F3)

1955        Oct 7, Yo Yo Ma, Chinese cellist, was born in Paris, France.
    (HN, 10/7/00)(MC, 10/7/01)
1955        Oct 7, Allen Ginsberg (29) his 3,600-word "Howl" at the Six Gallery at 3119 Fillmore. Kenneth Rexroth was the host. Jack Kerouac and Lawrence Ferlinghetti were in the audience. Other readers included Philip Lamantia, Philip Whalen, Michael McClure and Gary Snyder. The Gallery was run as a co-op by poet Robert Duncan, his lover Jess (Burgess Collins) and another artist. In 2004 Jonah Raskin authored "American Scream: Allen Ginsberg's "Howl" and the Making of the Beat Generation." In 2006 Jason Shinder edited “The Poem That Changed America."
    (SFEC, 8/29/99, p.D7)(SFC, 10/28/00, p.D1)(SSFC, 4/4/04, p.M2)(SSFC, 4/16/06, p.M3)
1955        Oct 7, The aircraft carrier USS Saratoga was launched at Brooklyn.
    (MC, 10/7/01)

1955        Oct 11, All Peron feast days were abolished in Argentina.
    (MC, 10/11/01)

1955        Oct 12, Bernarr Macfadden (b.1868), weight-lifter and publisher born as Bernard MacFadden, died in New Jersey. His magazines included “True Story," which first appeared in 1919. In 2009 Mark Adams authored Mr. America: How Muscular Millionaire Bernarr Macfadden Transformed the Nation Through Sex, Salad, and the Ultimate Starvation Diet."
    {USA, New Jersey}
    (WSJ, 3/20/09, p.W10)(www.bernarrmacfadden.com/macfadden7.html)

1955        Oct 13, A US Air Force B-47B crashed while taking off from March Air Base in California. Capt. Edward A. O'Brien Jr. (Pilot), Capt. David J. Clare (co-pilot), Major Thomas F. Mulligan (navigator), and Capt. Joseph M. Graeber (chaplain) were all killed.
    (www.aviationarchaeology.com/src/dbadate.asp?thedate=551013&Submit2=Go)

1955        Oct 14, A new US Navy 6-story, windowless structure was dedicated at the SF Naval Shipyard at Hunters Point, Ca. The $8 million laboratory was to be devoted exclusively to the development of defense against radiation.
    (SFC, 4/8/05, p.F2)

1955        Oct 15, Richard Martin Theiler (28) was in the front seat of the Lockheed-Martin T-33A that went missing just after takeoff from the Los Angeles International Airport. In 2009 aviation archaeologist G. Pat Macha and a group of volunteers found the plane underneath 100 feet of water.
    (AP, 9/30/09)

1955        Oct 18, Track and Field magazine named Jesse Owens all-time track athlete.
    (MC, 10/18/01)
1955        Oct 18, Ernest O. Lawrence, Univ. of California Radiation lab. director, announced the discovery of the existence of an anti-proton, an atomic particle postulated in 1928.
    (SFC, 10/14/05, p.F6)
1955        Oct 18, Jose Ortega y Gasset, Spanish philosopher, died at 72.
    (MC, 10/18/01)

1955        Oct 20, "No Time for Sergeants," starring Andy Griffith, opened on Broadway.
    (MC, 10/20/01)
1955        Oct 20, Harry Belafonte recorded "Day-O" (Banana Boat Song).
    (MC, 10/20/01)

1955        Oct 22, The prototype of the F-105 Thunder Chief made its maiden flight. Republic Aircraft’s F-105 Thunderchief, better known as the ‘Thud,’ was the Air Force’s warhorse in Vietnam.
    (HN, 10/22/98)

1955          Oct 25, Tappan sold its 1st home microwave oven for $1,295. It was in 1947 that the first commercial microwave oven hit the market. Amana introduced the Radarange, the first countertop, domestic oven in 1957. It was a 100-volt microwave oven, which cost just under $500 and was smaller, safer and more reliable than previous models.
    (http://www.gallawa.com/microtech/history.html)
1955        Oct 25, Austria resumed its sovereignty after the departure of last Allied occupation forces, for 1st time since German occupation of 1938.
    (www.britannica.com/eb/article-33385/Austria)

1955        Oct 26, The Village Voice was first published, backed in part by Norman Mailer.
    (HN, 10/26/00)
1955        Oct 26, Austria marked this day as National Day to commemorate the departure of all foreign troops a day earlier.
    (SSFC, 10/20/12, p.N3)
1955        Oct 26, Austria, under request by Russia, promulgated a constitutional law of perpetual neutrality.
    (www.britannica.com/eb/article-33385/Austria)(Econ, 11/24/07, SR p.8)
1955        Oct 26, Ngo Dinh Diem (1901-1963) began serving as president of Vietnam.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ng%C3%B4_%C4%90%C3%ACnh_Di%E1%BB%87m)

1955        Oct 28, William Gates, the chairman and CEO of Microsoft Corporation, the world’s largest software firm, was born. His 1999 wealth was about $75 [$58] billion. He co-founded Microsoft at age 20 with Paul Allen after dropping out from Harvard.
    (HN, 10/28/98)(WSJ, 1/11/98, p.R18)(SFEC, 5/23/99, Par p.7)

1955        Oct 31, William "Billy" Woodward, Jr. (b.1920), heir to the Hanover National Bank fortune (later Manufacturer's Hanover), the Belair Estate and stud farm and legacy, and a leading figure in racing circles, was shot to death by his wife, Ann. In 1985 Dominick Dunne (1925-2009) authored “The Two Mrs. Grenvilles," based on the Woodward murder case. The book was turned into a television movie in 1987.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Woodward,_Jr.)
1955            Oct 31, Britain's Princess Margaret ended weeks of speculation by announcing she would not marry Royal Air Force Captain Peter Townsend because he had been divorced.
    (AP, 10/31/97)

1955        Oct, Del Martin (1921-2008), Phyllis Lyon and 6 other SF women founded the Daughters of Bilitis, the 1st national lesbian organization. It was named after “The Songs of Bilitis" (1894) a book of lesbian love poetry by French poet Pierre Louys.
    (SFC, 6/23/00, p.A26)(SFC, 8/28/08, p.A1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daughters_of_Bilitis)

1955        Nov 1, A time bomb aboard United DC-6 killed 44 above Longmont, Colorado. Jack Gilbert Graham rigged a time bomb for the Denver to Seattle flight and put it into his mother’s suitcase in order to collect the insurance money. Graham was executed in the gas chamber Jan 11, 1957.
    (MC, 11/1/01)(AWC, 1982)
1955        Nov 1, McNeill Laboratories introduced Children’s Tylenol Elixir, available only by prescription.
    (SFC, 11/1/05, p.D7)
1955        Nov 1, Dale Carnegie (b.1888), author of “How to Win Friends and Influence People" (1937), died of Hodgkin’s disease. In 2006 he was inducted into the Hall of Famous Missourians in Jefferson City, Missouri; joining the likes of Harry S Truman and Walt Disney.
    (http://tinyurl.com/m73my)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dale_Carnegie)

1955        Nov 2, The Crocker First National Bank and the Anglo California National Bank announced plans to merge. Their combined assets of $1,309,098,720 made it the largest merger in California history.
    (SFC, 10/28/05, p.F3)
1955        Nov 2, Dr. Willis E. Lamb (1913-2008) of Stanford Univ. and Dr. Polykarp Kusch of Columbia Univ. were named co-winners of the Nobel Prize in physics. They came up with complementary discoveries in nuclear physics in 1947.
    (SFC, 10/28/05, p.F3)(SFC, 5/23/08, p.B10)
1955        Nov 2, Clarton-Schwerdt and Schaffer discovered the polio virus.
    (MC, 11/2/01)
1955        Nov 2, David Ben-Gurion formed an Israeli govt.
    (MC, 11/2/01)

1955        Nov 3, The 1st crystallized virus was announced.
    (MC, 11/3/01)
1955        Nov 3, An Alabama woman was bruised by a meteor.
    (MC, 11/3/01)
1955        Nov 3, Argentine ex-president Peron arrived in Nicaragua.
    (MC, 11/3/01)

1955        Nov 4, August Vollmer (79), father of modern police science, shot himself to death in Berkeley, Ca. He was afflicted with Parkinson’s Disease late in life, and also cancer, and he refused to be bedridden or a burden to others. Vollmer was a pioneer in the use of radio and fingerprints for police work.
    (SFC, 11/4/05, p.F6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/August_Vollmer)

1955        Nov 5, The new Vienna Opera house opened.
    (MC, 11/5/01)
1955        Nov 5, Lady Idina Sackville (b.1893), notorious daughter of the eighth Earl of De La Warr, died of cancer. In 2009 Frances Osborne authored “The Bolter," an account of the “Woman Who Scandalized 1920's Society and Became White Mischief's Infamous Seductress."
    (SSFC, 6/28/09, p.F3)
1955        Nov 5, Maurice Utrillo (71), French painter (Cathedral St-Denis), died.
    (MC, 11/5/01)

1955        Nov 7, The US Supreme Court ruled that tenants in federal housing projects may not be required to sign loyalty oaths, which were enacted by Congress in 1952.
    (SFC, 11/4/05, p.F6)

1955        Nov 9, Michael Gazzo's "Hatful of Rain," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 11/9/01)

1955        Nov 11, Jigme Singye Wangchuk was born. He became king of Bhutan in 1972.
    (SSFC, 3/17/02, p.C10)(www.worldwhoswho.com)

1955        Nov 16, Big Four talks, taking place in Geneva on German reunification, ended in failure.
    (HN, 11/16/98)

1955        Nov 18, Bell X-2 rocket plane was taken up for its 1st powered flight.
    (MC, 11/18/01)

1955        Nov 19, William F. Buckley Jr. (1925-2008) published the first issue of the National Review a conservative political journal. In 1995 its circulation reached 250,000. A biography of Buckley titled "William F. Buckley, Jr.: Patron Saint of the Conservatives" was written by John B. Judis in 1995.
    (WSJ, 11/10/95, p.A-14)(SFC, 2/28/08, p.A2)

1955        Nov 20, The Maryland National Guard was ordered desegregated.
    (HN, 11/20/98)

1955        Nov 21, Argentina asked Panama for the return of ex-president Peron.
    (MC, 11/21/01)

1955        Nov 22, RCA Victor's made its best investment paying $25,000 to Sun Records & Sam Philips for rights to Elvis Presley, a truck driver from Tupelo, Miss.
    (MC, 11/22/01)
1955        Nov 22, Shemp Howard (60), comic of "Three Stooges" fame died in Hollywood.
    (AP, 11/22/05)

1955        Nov 25, The Interstate Commerce Commission banned segregation in interstate travel.
    (HN, 11/25/98)

1955        Nov 26, An emergency crisis was proclaimed in Cyprus.
    (MC, 11/26/01)

1955        Nov 30, "Pipe Dream" opened at Shubert Theater in NYC for 245 performances.
    (MC, 11/30/01)
1955        Nov 30, Argentine government disbanded the Peronist party.
    (MC, 11/30/01)

1955        Dec 1, Rosa Parks (42), a seamstress and secretary of the Montgomery NAACP, was arrested in Montgomery, Alabama, as she sat in a section of a bus just behind the area reserved for whites. She refused to move to the back the bus, to accommodate a white male passenger, as ordered by driver James F. Blake (d.2002 at 89) and defied the South’s segregationist laws. This prompted the Dec. 5 bus boycott, a year-long boycott of the buses by blacks, and launched the Civil Rights movement in the United States. Virginia Durr (d.1999 at 95) helped a black civil rights leader bail Parks out of jail. In 1985 Durr wrote her memoir: "Outside the Magic Circle." In 1999 Pres. Clinton authorized a Congressional Gold Medal for Rosa Parks.
    (SFC, 5/12/96, p.A-6)(SFEC, 9/15/96, p.A2)(SFEM, 2/2/97, p.8)(AP, 12/1/97)(SFC, 3/10/99, p.A23)(SFC, 5/5/99, p.A3)(SFC, 3/26/02, p.A24)
1955        Dec 1-1955 Dec 5, AFL delegates in San Francisco approved a merger wit the CIO. The next day CIO delegates voted 660-3 in favor of merging. The American Federation of Labor and the Congress of Industrial Organizations merged to form the AFL-CIO under its first president, George Meany (1894-1980). [see Feb 9]
    (AP, 12/5/97)(HNQ, 6/9/98)(SFC, 12/2/05, p.F2)

1955        Dec 2, Martin Luther King stepped forward with an impromptu speech that marked him as the "acknowledged leader of a major mass protest."
    (SFEM, 1/19/97, BR p.1)

1955        Dec 5, The US Montgomery Bus Boycott began in 1955. In Montgomery, Alabama, Martin Luther King organized a bus boycott and began the civil rights movement to end segregation. Black residents chose Mr. King to head The Montgomery Improvement Association, formed to sustain the protest against segregation policies on the municipal buses.
    (HFA, ‘96, p.44)(TMC, 1994, p.1955)(SFEM, 2/2/97, p.8)

1955        Dec 6, NY psychologist Joyce Brothers (28) won the CBS "$64,000 Question," by answering 7 questions on boxing.
    (SFC, 12/2/05, p.F2)

1955        Dec 9, Sugar Ray Robinson won the middle-weight boxing crown for the third time when he knocked out Carl "Bobo" Olson in Chicago.
    (SFC, 6/29/96, p.E4)(HN, 12/9/98)(SFC, 12/9/05, p.F6)

1955        Dec 10, The anti-proton, discovered in October by a team of UC Berkeley scientists that included Owen Chamberlain, Emilio Segre and Clyde Wiegand (1915-1996), was confirmed by scientists at the Univ. of Rome and the Univ. of California.
    (SFC, 7/9/96, p.A20)(SFC, 12/9/05, p.F6)

1955        Dec 11, Israel launched an attack on Syrian positions along the Sea of Galilee.
    (EWH, 1968, p.1241)(HN, 12/11/98)

1955        Dec 12, 1st prototype of hovercraft patented by British engineer Christopher Cockerell.
    (MC, 12/12/01)

1955        Dec 19, Carl Perkins recorded "Blue Suede Shoes."
    (MC, 12/19/01)

1955        Dec 22-1955 Dec 26, A "storm of the century" caused a devastating flood in northern California and left 76 people dead. Damages were estimated at $125 million.
    (SFC, 1/4/97, p.A14)(SFC, 1/10/96, p.A21)(SFC, 12/23/05, p.F2)

1955        Dec 24, A levee break on the Shanghai Bend of the Feather River south of Yuba City, Ca., killed 38 people.
    (SFEC, 1/12/97, p.C1)(SFC, 11/17/99, p.E7)

1955        Dec 25, In Iran Navvab Safavi (b.1923), a firebrand cleric, was tried and executed. He was responsible for founding of the Fadayan-e Islam group and with them the assassination of several leading Iranians.
    (Econ, 5/4/13, p.52)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Navvab_Safavi)

1955        Dec 29, Barbra Streisand's 1st recording "You'll Never Know" at age 13.
    (MC, 12/29/01)

1955        Dec, Otto John, intelligence chief, returned to West Germany from East Germany. He was charged with treason and in 1956 was convicted and sentenced to 4 years in prison. He insisted to the end of his life that he had been drugged and abducted.
    (SFEC, 3/30/97, p.D5)

1955        In NYC the Museum of Art opened “The Family of Man" exhibit. Magazine photographer Wayne Miller (1918-2013) was the associate curator. The exhibit then toured the world and became a book that sold 4 million copies.
    (SSFC, 5/26/13, p.C13)

1955        A statue of Jesus was perched on a hilltop near the Whitefish ski resort at Big Mountain, Montana. It later come under scrutiny from The Freedom From Religion Foundation (FFRF), which said the statue violates the Constitution's separation of church and state. In 2012 the US Forest Service decided that the statue can stay there for at least 10 more years.
    (http://tinyurl.com/7ej4jlo)

1955        John Diebenkorn, California artist, painted his work "Berkeley." It sold for $1.8 million in 1998.
    (WSJ, 5/15/98, p.W12)(WSJ, 10/30/98, p.W12)

1955        Jasper Johns painted "Target with Four Faces."
    (SFEC, 11/24/96, C15)

1955        Willem de Kooning (1904-1997), abstract artist, painted "Gotham News." He also completed his oil and charcoal work "Woman Standing – Pink."
    (SFC, 3/20/97, p.A6)(SFEC, 10/1/00, DB p.42)

1955        Bertolt Brecht wrote his play: "The Caucasian Chalk Circle." It was a deliberately simplistic fable of class oppression and squabbling over a foundling.
    (WSJ, 5/20/98, p.A12)

1955        William Inge wrote his play "Bus Stop."
    (SFEC, 5/30/99, DB p.37)

1955        Tennessee Williams wrote his play "Cat on a Hot Tin Roof."
    (SFEC, 5/30/99, DB p.37)

1955        Eliot Asinof wrote his novel "Man on Spikes." It blew the whistle on the indentured servitude of American major league baseball players.
    (SFEC, 6/21/98, BR p.5)

1955        James Baldwin authored “Notes of a Native Son."
    (SSFC, 8/8/04, p.M4)

1955        US Navy Capt. Edward L. Beach Jr. (1918-2002) authored “Run Silent, Run Deep." It was made into a film in 1958 starring Clark Gable and Burt Lancaster.
    (SFC, 12/2/02, p.A19)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Run_Silent,_Run_Deep)

1955        John Dunbar (d.1999 at 84), a WW II Air Forces pilot, authored "Escape Through the Pyranees," based on his war experiences.
    (SFC, 11/20/99, p.A22)

1955        Shusaku Endo (1923-1996) wrote Shiroi Hito (White Man) and won the Akutagawa Prize for literature.
    (SFEC, 9/30/96, p.A23)

1955        James Fisher, British ornithologist, and Roger Tory Peterson authored “Wild America," an account of their travels to what remained of the American wilderness.
    (WSJ, 3/29/08, p.W10)

1955        Fred Friendly (b. Ferdinand Friendly Wachenheimer) and Edward R. Murrow published their book: "See It Now."
    (SFC, 3/5/98, p.A24)

1955        William Gaddis (d.1998 at 75) published his first novel "The Recognitions."
    (SFC, 12/18/98, p.A38)(SSFC, 10/20/02, p.M2)

1955        John Kenneth Galbraith authored “The Great Crash," a look at the 1929 stock market crash. He supported the view that it was an inevitable consequence of excess investment, flawed corporate governance, and speculation.
    (WSJ, 12/7/05, p.A15)

1955        Geoffrey Gorer (1905-1985), English anthropologist and writer, authored “Exploring English Character."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geoffrey_Gorer)(Econ, 12/11/10, p.70)

1955        Elihu Katz and Paul Lazarsfeld authored “Personal Influence." It became a classic in media studies.
    (Econ, 11/10/07, p.77)

1955        Anne Morrow Lindbergh authored "Gift From the Sea," a meditation on women’s lives in the 20th century. In 1999 Susan Hertog authored her biography "Anne Morrow Lindbergh."
    (WSJ, 11/29/99, p.A26)

1955        Sir Lawrence van der Post (1906-1996) wrote "The Dark Eye in Africa."
    (SFC, 12/17/96, p.B4)

1955        "The California Grizzly" by Tracy I. Storer and Lloyd P. Trevis was published.
    (Pac. Disc., summer, ‘96, p.12)

1955        "All-of-a-Kind Family" by Sydney Taylor was published.
    (SFEC, 2/27/00, BR p.12)

1955        Joseph S. Weiner, anatomist at Oxford Univ., published "The Piltdown Forgery." He documented the case for forgery of the Piltdown bones but was unable to provide conclusive proof that Charles Dawson was guilty of the hoax.
    (PacDisc. Spring/’96, p.16)

1955        Graham Greene published his novel "The Quiet American."
    (SFEC, 5/2/99, BR p.3)

1955        Alan Harrington (d.1997 at 79) published his 1st novel "The Revelations of Dr. Modesto." It established his reputation as one of the earlier "black humorists." His friends included Jack Kerouac and Allen Ginsberg.
    (SFC, 5/29/97, p.C4)

1955        Nikos Kazantzakis published "The Last Temptation of Christ."
    (SFEC, 4/27/97, BR p.5)

1955        Philip Larkin (1922-1985), British poet, authored his collection “The Less Deceived." It included the poem “Church Going." The poem is about an agnostic who enters a church and has been described as one of the greatest poems of the 20th century.
    (WSJ, 6/24/06, p.P18)

1955        Claude Levi-Strauss, French anthropologist, authored “Tristes Tropiques," a memoir of his travels to Brazil in search of Amazon tribes untouched by civilization.
    (WSJ, 3/29/08, p.W10)

1955         Walter Lord (d.2002) authored "A Night To Remember" an account of the 1912 Titanic disaster.
    (SFC, 5/21/02, p.A21)

1955        James Michener (d.1997 at 90) wrote his novel "Floating World."
    (SFC,10/17/97, p.A17)

1955        John O’Hara authored “Ten Frederick North," a novel about thwarted political ambition.
    (WSJ, 3/15/08, p.W10)

1955        Mario Puzo (d.1999) published his first novel "The Dark Arena."
    (SFC, 7/3/99, p.A21)

1955        Alain Robbe-Grillet won France's Critics Prize with "Le Voyeur" (The Voyeur), about the world seen through the eyes of a sadistic killer.
    (AP, 2/18/08)

1955        Ruth Stout authored “How to Have a Green Thumb Without an Aching Back."
    (SFC, 6/21/08, p.F6)

1955        William Waugh (1903-1966), English novelist born as Arthur Evelyn St. John Waugh, authored “Officers and Gentlemen."
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evelyn_Waugh)

1955        C. Van Woodward (d.1999) published "The Strange Career of Jim Crow." Dr. Martin Luther King later called the book the "historical bible of the civil rights movement."
    (SFEC, 12/19/99, p.C14)

1955        The Broadway play "The Diary of Anne Frank" premiered with Susan Strasberg (17). Strasberg died in 1999 in Manhattan at age 60.
    (SFC, 1/23/99, p.A19)

1955        Ben Bagley (d.1998 at 64) burst onto the theater scene off Broadway at age 21 with "The Shoestring Revue," a collection of songs and sketches from many show business talents.
    (SFC, 3/28/98, p.B12)

1955        Charles Bowden (1913-1996) and Richard Bar produced "All In One" on Broadway. It brought together Leonard Bernstein’s opera "Trouble in Tahiti," Paul Draper in a dance program, and Tennessee Williams "27 Wagons Full of Cotton" with Maureen Stapleton.
    (SFC, 12/25/96, p.A22)

1955        Ossie Davis was in the play "No Time for Sergeants."
    (SFEC, 10/20/96, Par, p.24)

1955        John Hart  starred in the Columbia serial “The Adventures of Captain Africa."
    (SFC, 9/24/09, p.D5)
1955        Lew Ayres made a 5-part documentary based on his book "Altars of the East."
    (SFC, 12/31/96, p.A20)
1955        The Bob Cummings Show, aka Love That Bob, premiered on TV. Ann B. Davis played Schultzy, the assistant to Cummings.
    (SFC, 6/2/14, p.C3)
1955        Cheyenne premiered as TV’s 1st hour-long series. It was produced by Roy Huggins.
    (SFC, 4/15/02, p.B5)
1955        "The Life and Legend of Wyatt Earp" began on TV with Hugh O'Brian. It ran to 1961 and was billed as TV’s first adult western. doc was played by Douglas Fowley (d.1998 at 86)
    (SFEC,11/30/97, Par p.2)
1955        The TV series "Sergeant Preston of the Yukon" starred Richard Simmons (d.2003 at 89). The series ran for 3 seasons to 1958.
    (SFC, 1/15/03, p.A19)

1955        Carlisle Floyd composed his first opera "Susannah."
    (WSJ, 4/15/99, p.A20)(WSJ, 4/25/00, p.A24)

1955        Glenn Gould, Canadian pianist, recorded the "Goldberg Variations" by Bach. The recording was released in 1956. He abandoned the concert hall in 1964.
    (SFEC, 5/25/97, p.C15)(WSJ, 10/7/99, p.A28)

1955        The Shostokovich composition "From Jewish Poetry" received its first public performance. It was an impassioned response to the institutionalized anti-Semitism of the Stalin regime.
    (WSJ, 4/30/96, p.A-12)

1955        Sir Michael Tippett, British composer, premiered his 1st opera "The Midsummer Marriage" at Covent Garden.
    (SFC, 1/10/98, p.A19)

1955        Czech composer Martinu wrote his orchestral triptych "The Frescoes of Piero della Francesco."
    (SFC, 3/21/00, p.B2)

1955        George Avakian, jazz expert, got Miles Davis to sign a contract with Columbia, and brought him together with Gil Evans for the album "Miles Ahead."
    (WSJ, 6/03/97, p.A20)

1955        Richard Dyer-Bennett (1913-1991) recorded the first of 15 albums called "Richard Dyer-Bennett." He was a pioneer guitar player and folk-singer who recorded himself with a sense of perfection. He was born in England and grew up in Canada, California and Germany. His work was later released on CD through Smithsonian Folkways.
    (WSJ, 2/18/98, p.A20)

1955        The Coasters evolved from the group the Robins. Carl Gardner and Bobby Nunn teamed with Billy Guy (1936-2002) and Leon Hughes to form the group under producers Leiber and Stoller. Their songs included "Charlie Brown," Yakety Yak" and "Little Egypt."
    (SFC, 11/20/02, p.A21)

1955        Perry Como recorded his big hit "Hot-Diggety-Dog."
    (SSFC, 5/13/01, p.A27)

1955        Dale Evans, singer and wife of Roy Rogers, wrote the hit song "The Bible Tells Me So."
    (SFC, 2/8/01, p.C2)

1955        Thelonius Monk began to record with Riverside Records.
    (SFEM, 10/5/97, p.29)

1955        Charlie and Ira Louvin, country musicians, joined the Grand Ole Opry.
    (SFEM,10/19/97, DB p.45)

1955        Cuban musician Perez Prado recorded "Cherry Pink and Apple Blossom White." The mambo tune became a no. 1 hit.
    (SFEC, 9/19/99, DB p.39)

1955        Faron Young (1932-1996) sang his No. 1 country single "Live Fast, Love hard, Die Young."
    (SFC, 12/12/96, p.C8)

1955        As Elvis Presley broke into the national rock ‘n roll scene, he hired Colonel Tom Parker (1910-1997) as his manager.
    (SFC,1/22/97, p.A20)

1955        Roger Williams (1924-2011), pianist and composer, made a hit with “Autumn Leaves." It was the only piano instrumental to reach No.1 on the billboard pop charts.
    (SSFC, 10/9/11, p.A20)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roger_Williams_%28pianist%29)

1955        The top hits of the year were "Rock Around the Clock" by Bill Haley and the Comets [recorded in 1954], "The Yellow Rose of Texas" by Mitch Miller, "Love Is a Many Splendored Thing" by the Four Aces, and "16 Tons" by Tennessee Ernie Ford.
    (WSJ, 4/10/98, p.W11)

1955        The three-chord standard "Louie, Louie" was written as a Jamaican love song. Richard Berry wrote "Louie, Louie" on a piece of toilet paper in a nightclub dressing room.
    (SFC, 1/25/97, p.A19,20)

1955        Al Hibbler (d.2001), a blind singer who had worked with the Ellington Orchestra, and Les Baxter both had hits with their versions of "Unchained Melody." Hibbler recorded the song for the prison movie "Unchained."
    (SFC, 4/28/01, p.A21)

1955        The Eden Roc Hotel in Miami Beach was designed by Morris Lapidus and became the resort of choice for stars and mob figures.
    (WSJ, 4/21/97, p.A10)

1955        Roy DeCarava (1919-2009) opened A Photographer's Gallery, an important New York City gallery pioneering an effort to win recognition for photography as a fine art. It remained open for over two years. Since the 1930s he had documented Harlem and its associated Renaissance in art and culture. His work included photographs of many notable jazz artists.
    (SFEM, 1/25/98, p.6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roy_DeCarava)

1955        A group of seven Savannahian women established Savannah’s first formal preservation movement. This was in response to the planned demolition of the quintessential Federal-style Isaiah Davenport House for a parking lot.
    (Hem. 1/95, p. 70)

1955        Dr. Adolfas Damusis (1908-2003), head of the American Lithuanian Roman Catholic Federation, founded Dainava, a Lithuanian youth camp in Manchester, Mich.
    (www.bernardinai.lt/index.php?url=articles/80541)

1955        Jackie Onassis had a brief affair with William Holden. So it says in the 1996 book "Jack and Jackie" by Christopher Anderson
    (USAT, 6/19/96, p.2D)

1955        In SF Louise B. Edwards (d.1997 at 81) took her children door-to-door in the Sunset district gathering pennies for the purchase of an elephant for the SF Zoo to replace one that had recently died. The campaign culminated in the purchase of an elephant named Penny that resided at the Zoo for 40 years.
    (SFC, 6/25/97, p.A16)

1955        Art Clokey (33) made a short art film called "Gumbasia," featuring clay animation set to jazz music, that inspired the beloved Gumby television series that debuted in 1956.
    (SFC, 4/28/95, p.C5)(AP, 5/15/05)

1955        Time Magazine named Harlow Curtice (1893-1962), president of General Motors, as Man of the Year.
    (WSJ, 11/25/05, p.A10)

1955        Esther Friedman (2002) took over the Ann Landers advice column in the Chicago Sun Times. Pauline Friedman, her twin sister, went on to write the Dear Abby advice column. Esther was the wife of Jules Lederer, founder of Budget Rent A Car. They divorced in 1975. 
    (SFC, 1/25/99, p.A20)(Reuters, 6/23/02)(SSFC, 6/23/02, p.A10)

1955        Special K, the Kellogg fat-free toasted cereal made, made its debut.
    (SFC, 2/7/98, p.D1)

1955        Joe DiMaggio was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame. DiMaggio, often considered one of the greatest center fielders to play the game, helped his team win ten American League championships and nine World Series titles. After paying in the minors in San Francisco, DiMaggio was acquired by the New York Yankees where he played from 1936 until his retirement in 1951.
    (SFC, 3/9/99, p.A10)(HNQ, 9/25/00)

1955        The Brooklyn Dodgers beat the New York Yankees in the US baseball World Series.
    (WSJ, 4/2/96, p.A-12)

1955        The Detroit Red Wings won the hockey Stanley Cup.
    (WSJ, 6/12/97, p.A16)

1955        US Pres. Ike Eisenhower had a heart attack.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1955)

1955        US Col. Edward S. Berry (d.1999 at 93) helped establish the Ethiopian Military College.
    (SFC, 7/28/99, p.C2)

1955        The first US B-52 bombers began their Air Force duty.
    (SFC, 3/13/99, p.A4)

1955        US Military spending this year rose to $40 billion.
    (SSFC, 6/9/02, p.A4)

1955        Massachusetts Gov. Christian Herter sent a National Guard tank to quell a Charlestown prison riot led by Theodore "Teddy" Green (d.1998 at 82). Green’s daughter (17) persuaded her father to surrender and ended the 85-hour standoff. He was sent to Alcatraz after the riot. Green later bragged of robbing 20 banks and making 40 prison break attempts.
    (SFC, 2/23/98, p.A21)   

1955        New York Gov. Averell Harriman signed legislation that prohibited the distribution of lurid comics, banned their sale to people under the age of 18 and banned such words as “crime," “terror," “horror," and “sex" from comic book titles. In 2008 David Hajdu authored “The Ten-Cent Plague: The Great Comic Book Scare and How it Changed America."
    (WSJ, 3/14/08, p.W2)

1955        Sen. John Kennedy began seeing Dr. Janet Graham Travell for his back pain. Travell later became the 1st woman to serve as White House physician.
    (SFC, 11/22/04, p.A2)

1955        John Dingell (b.1926) won a special election in Michigan, following the death of his father, and succeeded him as a Democrat representative in the US Congress.
    (SFC, 12/16/05, p.A27)

1955        The Santa Cruz Chinatown fell victim to a flood and was later redeveloped into a shopping complex. In 2003 the book "Chinatown Dreams: The Life and Photographs of George Lee" depicted the community founded in the 1860s.
    (SSFC, 3/30/03, p.M4)
1955        Marion Hewlett Pike (d.1998 at 84), portrait artist, had her first one-artist show at the Palace of the Legion of Honor. She was also named Woman of the Year by the Los Angeles Times. Later portraits included that of Ronald Reagan and Coco Chanel.
    (SFC, 2/9/98, p.A19)
1955        California Gov. Goodwin J. Knight vetoed a bill to purchase the 12,000 acres of the Butano forest in southern San Mateo County. 1,200 acres were declared a State Park in 1961.
    (Ind, 9/22/01, 5A)
1955        The California Public Utilities Commission increased confidentiality with its rule, General Order 66, which reasserted that the public can’t have access to accident reports.
    (SSFC, 11/27/11, p.A21)
1955        The Los Angeles police moved into a new downtown headquarters building at 100 N. Los Angeles St. In 1966 it was named the Parker Center after Chief William Parker died of a heart attack. In 2009 LA police moved into a new $437 million building at 100 Spring Street.
    (SFC, 10/16/09, p.D6)
1955        The old city hall in Petaluma, Ca., was torn down about this time.
    (SFC, 1/18/00, p.A11)
1955        The Garden Grove Community Church under the Reverend Robert H. Schuller and his wife, Arvella, began operating at a drive-in theater. It grew with its TV program, “Hour of Power," to become the Crystal Cathedral in 1980.
    (SSFC, 2/1/09, p.B4)(SSFC, 1/31/10, p.C5)
1955        In California Ben Ridder (d.1983) became publisher of the Pasadena Independent & Star News.
    (SFC, 6/17/02, p.B5)
1955        William Schockley, co-inventor of the transistor, arrived in Silicon Valley in 1955 with funding from Beckman Instruments.
    (SFEC,12/14/97, p.A12)
1955        Cistercian-Trappist monks purchased the old Stanford Vina Ranch on the Feather River north of Marysville, Ca. They later acquired stones from the 12th century Santa Maria de Ovila monastery, originally purchased by William Randolph Hearst, and planned a reconstruction at the ranch.
    (SFC, 8/22/00, p.A1,6)
1955        A large number of dead fingerling salmon and several hundred thousand king salmon were killed in a few hours. Many swallows were reported dead by the river in northern California near Iron Mountain.
    (SFEC,11/2/97, p.A13)
1955        In San Francisco Willie Brown helped attorney Terry Francois get elected president of the SF branch of the NAACP by rounding up bums on the street and bringing them to a meeting to vote for Francois. The national board nullified the election.
    (SFEC, 10/20/96, BR, p.6)
1955        The US Navy turned over the Midway Village, Daly City, site to San Mateo County, Ca., for public housing and schools.
    (SFC, 1/19/00, p.A4)(SFC, 3/2/09, p.B1)

1955        In north St. Louis, Missouri, the US Army intentionally spewed hundreds of pounds of zinc cadmium sulfide into the air as part of a biological weapons program. The secret testing was exposed to Congress in 1994, prompting a demand for a health study. A committee of the National Research Council determined in 1997 that the testing did not expose residents to harmful levels of the chemical.
    (AP, 10/4/12)

1955        The US National Association of Social Workers was formed from 7 smaller groups under the leadership of Nathan Edward Cohen (d.2001 at 91).
    (SFC, 2/5/01, p.A21)

1955        North American Co. was dissolved. One of its units, St. Louis based Union Electric, took over its assets. Today the company is awaiting regulatory approval for a merger with Cipsco Inc., a utility based in Springfield, Ill.
    (WSJ, 5/28/96, R45)

1955        The popular black picture magazine Our World folded. Photographer Moneta J. Sleet Jr. (1926-1996) moved on to Ebony magazine.
    (SFC, 10/3/96, p.C6)

1955        Becton Dickinson Corp. acquired Baltimore Biological Laboratory (BBL).
    (Horizon, summer 1995)

1955        Richard (d.2004) and Henry Bloch formed the H&R Block company in Kansas City, Mo. It grew to become the world’s largest tax preparing firm.
    (SFC, 7/22/04, p.B8)(LSA, Spring/06, p.64)

1955        Herbert Haft (1920-2004), pharmacist, opened his 1st Dart Drugs in Washington, DC. Over the next 30 years it grew to a chain of 77 stores and then expanded creating Trak Auto, Crown Books, Shoppers Food Warehouse and Total Beverage. In 1997 Dart accepted $50 million in exchange for leaving the business.
    (SFC, 9/3/04, p.B6)

1955        Ford Motor Co. introduced the Thunderbird to compete with the GM Corvette.
    (WSJ, 2/28/97, p.A3)

1955        The Hearst Corp. acquired WISN-TV, Milwaukee.
    (SFC, 8/7/99, p.A9)

1955        John H. McConnell (1923-2008) started Worthington Steel, an independent service center to shape and process steel. He built the company into the conglomerate Worthington Industries, where sales in 2008 reached some $3 billion.
    (WSJ, 5/3/08, p.A8)(www.worthingtonindustries.com/CorporateInformation/)

1955        The Old Milwaukee brand was first brewered by the Joseph Schlitz Brewing Company of Wisconsin. It was the first beer brand launched exclusively as a “popular" beer.
    (www.oldmilwaukee.com/ourbeer_main.htm)(http://tinyurl.com/rvxp4)

1955        Proctor and Gamble test marketed Crest toothpaste with stannous fluoride. It went on sale nationally in 1956.
    (SFEC, 1/5/97, p.B8)

1955        William Shockley founded Shockley Semiconductor in Palo Alto.
    (SFC, 10/11/00, p.A6)

1955        Tiffany’s jewelry store was bought by merchandiser Walter Hoving. "we’ve got to get over this ridiculous idea that the customer is always right."
    (SFC, 8/5/00, p.B4)

1955        A TWA sponsored rocket became part of Disney’s Tomorrowland.
    (SFC, 7/14/96, p.T3)

1955        Wham-O purchased a plastic disc from building inspector Fred Morrison, who had developed it after watching Yale students toss Frisbee Co. pie tins [see Jan 13, 1957].
    (SFC, 7/1/02, p.B5)

1955        A new medium priced home in the US was priced at $13,400.
    (WSJ, 6/14/96, p.B10)

1955        There were 76 prisoners executed in the US this year.
    (SFC,12/15/97, p.A2)

1955        Passenger car output hit a new high at 7.9 million vehicles.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)

1955        At the Mayo Clinic the first successful surgical repairs of congenital heart defects were performed.
    (SFC, 7/5/96, PM, p.5)

1955        Frederick Sanger sequenced the 1st protein, human insulin. He later developed methods for sequencing DNA.
    (WSJ, 4/5/01, p.B1)

1955        Dr. Tomin Harada (d.1999 at 87) led a group of some 200 female survivors of the Hiroshima bombing, the Hiroshima Maidens, to the US for plastic surgery under a program led by Norman Cousins, editor of the Saturday Review. Harada spent his life treating victims of "atomic illness" who often displayed raised scars called keloids.
    (SFC, 6/29/99, p.A19)

1955        Roehr Products introduced the first plastic disposable hypodermic syringe called the Monoject.

1955        Fred Reines and Cloyd Cowan, American physicists, designed a neutrino trap that was effective in catching them.
    (SCTS, p.6)
1955        The synthetic element mendelevium, atomic number 101, was constructed atom by atom by a team at UC Berkeley. The team included Albert Ghiorso, Glenn T. Seaborg, Gregory R. Choppin, Bernard G. Harvey, and Stanley G. Thompson (team leader).
    (SFC, 7/3/10, p.C4)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mendelevium)

1955        Harold Rhodes (d.2000 at 89) partnered with Leo Fender to produce a 32-note piano bass. The Rhodes electric piano became a success in 1965 when CBS took over Fender.
    (SFC, 1/2/01, p.B4)

1955        George Kelly (1905-1967) expounded a constructivist system of psychology in his two-volume work: “Principles of Personal Construct Psychology." Kelly's fundamental postulate for personal construct psychology was that: A person's processes are psychologically channelized by the way in which he anticipates events.
    (http://pages.cpsc.ucalgary.ca/~gaines/pcp/)

1955        Milton Friedman, American economist, first proposed the use of government issued vouchers for education.
    (WSJ, 9/11/98, p.A1)(Econ, 5/5/07, p.73)

1955        Kaiko, a Japanese deep-sea research submarine, dove 36,008 feet to the bottom of the Challenger Deep, the ocean's deepest point. In 2003 it was lost in a typhoon.
    (SFC, 7/1/03, p.A5)

1955        Nicolai Fechin (b.1881 in Kazan), Russian émigré (1923) painter, died on the West Coast. His work includes "Russian Singer with Fan" (1924). He moved to Taos, New Mexico, in 1926 and turned his home into a work of art now known as the Fechin Institute.
    (HT, 5/97, p.50)

1955        Drucker, Heizer, and Squier published their report on the excavations at La Venta, of the great Olmec Ceremonial Center.
    (RFH-MDHP, p.241, pictures)

1955        Katharine Drexel (b.1858), a Philadelphia heiress turned Catholic nun, died. By the time of her death she had given away most of her considerable trust fund. In 2000 Pope John Paul II confirmed a 2nd healing attributed to her, which cleared the last hurdle for making her the 2nd American born Catholic Saint.
    (SFC, 1/28/00, p.A12)

1955        The father of serial killer Gerald Gallego died in the gas chamber for killing 2 law enforcement officials. Gerald Gallego was convicted in California and Nevada for ten murders committed between 1978-1980.
    (SFC,10/28/97, p.A17)

1955        Fernand Leger (b.1881), French painter, died.
    (HN, 2/4/01)

1955        Robert R. McCormick (b.1880), head of the Chicago Tribune, died. In 1997 Richard Norton Smith published his biography: "The Colonel: The Life and Legend of Robert R. McCormick."
    (WSJ, 6/19/97, p.A16)

1955        Robert Riskin, Hollywood screenwriter and the 2nd husband of actress Fay Wray (m.1942), died.
    (SFC, 8/10/04, p.B7)

1955        Wallace Stevens (b.1879), American poet and author, died: "All history is modern history."
    (AP, 1/27/00)

1955        Yves Tanguy, French-born surrealist artist, died in the US. He had emigrated to the US in 1939 and settled in Connecticut with his 2nd wife, American painter Kay Sage.
    (WSJ, 8/30/01, p.A11)

1955        Cy Young (b.1867), legendary baseball pitcher, died. He was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1937. Baseball’s 1st Cy Young award for best pitcher was presented in 1956.
    (AH, 10/01, p.20)

1955        The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) of developing nations grew out of the Bandung Conference of 29 countries for the purpose of, among other issues, establishing their neutralism.
    (AFP, 7/15/09)   

1955        In Brazil Pres. Juscelino Kubitschek took office. He vowed to modernize the country and made economic growth his main goal.
    (WSJ, 4/10/00, p.Sp.Adv)
1955        In Egypt Onsi Sawiris founded a small construction firm. It grew to become the Orascom business group worth over $12 billion in 2005.
    (Econ, 3/12/05, p.62)

1955        Lew Grade (e.1998 at 91) founded Associated Television, the first commercially funded channel in Britain. Born as Louis Winogradsky in the Ukraine, he came to London at age 6.
    (SFC, 12/14/98, p.C4)
1955        In England Heathrow Airport’s Terminal 2 was completed.
    (Econ, 3/29/08, p.91)
1955        Antony Fisher founded Britain’s Institute of Economic Affairs (IEA). Fisher sought advice from Friedrich von Hayek, an Austrian-born economist, who urged him to emulate the Fabian Society, the 1st socialist think-tank. The institute promoted deregulation, privatization, tax cuts, trade union reform and a free market. In 1957 Ralph Harris (1925-2006) became general director.
    (Econ, 10/22/05, p.90)(Econ, 11/4/06, p.96)
1955        Britain began tracking its gross domestic product (GDP) on a quarterly basis.
    (Econ, 4/25/09, p.31)
1955        Sydney Wignall (1922-2012), a Welsh explorer, launched the first Welsh Himalayan Expedition. The 3-man team was captured by the Chinese and held for two months under interrogation for spying. 25 years later it was revealed that Wignall had been recruited by Gen. Thimayya of the Indian army to find out what the Chinese were up to in Tibet. In 1997 his book: "Spy on the Roof of the World" was published.
    (SFEC,12/14/97, BR p.4)(Econ, 5/5/12, p.94)

1955        Ecuador ratified the 1954 OAS convention on diplomatic asylum.
    (Economist, 9/15/12, p.16)

1955        The French film “The Light Across the Street" starred Brigitte Bardot.
    (SFC, 10/31/15, p.E4)
1955        The French film “The Lovers of Lisbon" starred Francoise Arnoul and Daniel Gelin.
    (SFC, 10/31/15, p.E4)
1955        The French film “The Wicked Go to Hell" starred Marina Vlady.
    (SFC, 10/31/15, p.E4)
1955        France enacted a law permitting law-enforcement chiefs known as “prefects" to place communities under curfew “wherever necessary."
    (WSJ, 11/8/05, p.A1)

1955        In Germany the "documenta x" art show, an exhibition of contemporary art began in Kassel under Werner Haftmann. It began a tradition with new shows every 4-5 years.
    (WSJ, 7/7/97, p.A12)(SFC, 7/30/99, p.D8)
1955        Germany established its Gastarbeiter (guest worker) program.
    (Econ, 1/5/08, SR p.14)
1955        The Bundeswehr, [West] Germany’s postwar conscript army, was established. It served first as West Germany's military and, since 1990, as that of the reunited Germany.
    (SFC, 4/30/98, p.A8)(AP, 11/27/08)
1955        In West Germany Wilhelm Karmann designed and built the Karmann-Ghia in cooperation with Volkswagen and Porsche.
    (SFC, 10/30/98, p.D4)
1955        In West Germany the Messerschmitt KR200, or Kabinenroller (Cabin Scooter), was a three-wheeled bubble car designed by the aircraft engineer Fritz Fend. Production began in the factory of the German aircraft manufacturer Messerschmitt and continued to 1964.
    (Econ, 12/18/10, p.103)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Messerschmitt_KR200)
1955        In Dresden, East Germany, Manfred von Ardenne (d.1997 at 90) established a scientific institute. He had worked for the Soviets and innovated a process for splitting isotopes to enrich uranium, a vital part of Soviet nuclear bomb development.
    (SFC, 5/28/97, p.A17)
1955        In East Germany some Russian soldiers came down with a neurological disorder that was thought to be the result of CIA poisoning. It was found that the cause of illness was the eating of a rabid fox. East vs. West tensions of this time were later documented by 2 former spies and a director of Radio Liberty. David Murphy, Sergei Kondrashev and George Bailey in: "Battleground Berlin."
    (WSJ, 8/27/97, p.A10)

1955        Andras Hegedues (1922-1999) became Hungary's youngest premier.
    (SFC, 10/26/99, p.B4)

1955        Halldor Laxness (1902-1998), Icelandic author, won the Nobel Prize in Literature. His 1946 novel "Independent People" helped him win the prize.
    (SFC, 2/11/98, p.A24)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halld%C3%B3r_Laxness)

1955        The Indian film "Pather Panchali" by Satyajit Ray (d.1992) was produced. It was based on the Bengali novel by Bibhutibhushan Bandopadhyay and was directly influenced by Vittorio De Sica’s “The Bicycle Thief" (1948).
    (SFC, 4/30/97, p.E6)(Econ, 6/18/05, p.80)
1955        India established a policy that barred foreign print media from publishing within the country.
    (WSJ, 8/13/96, p.A7)
1955        India passed legislation banning the storage of large quantities of any of 90 commodities in an effort to deter hoarding.
    (Econ, 6/27/15, p.32)
1955        In India the ICICI Bank was founded as a state development bank. In 1994 it formed a commercial banking subsidiary.
    (Econ, 5/20/06, Survey p.19)

1955        In Indonesia open, free and safe parliamentary elections were held.
    (SFC, 5/20/98, p.A12)

1955        Iraq joined with Britain, Turkey, Iran and Pakistan in the Baghdad Pact, a loose alliance intended to check soviet influence in the region. The Baghdad Pact was formed at the prompting of the U.S. in an effort to block Soviet pressures on the northern tier of Middle Eastern states. The U.S. provided military and economic aid to the pact members.
    (HNQ, 7/28/98)(SFC, 9/24/02, p.A10)
1955        The new American Embassy in Baghdad was designed by architect Jose Luis Sert.
    (WSJ, 6/2/04, p.D12)

1955        In Japan the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) was founded following the merger of the Liberal Party (led by Shigeru Yoshida) with the Japan Democratic Party (led by Ichiro Hatoyama), both right-wing conservative parties, as a united front against the then popular Japan Socialist Party.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_Liberal_Democratic_Party_(Japan))(Econ, 7/18/09, p.42)
1955        Toshiba introduced the world’s first automatic electric rice cooker. In 2006 Mitsubishi introduced an upscale rice cooker selling for $1000.
    (WSJ, 6/4/07, p.A12)

1955        Nepal’s King Tribhuvan (b.1906) died and was succeeded by his eldest son Crown Prince Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah (b.1920).
    (www.nepalmonarchy.gov.np/monarcyinnepal/monarchyinnepal.php)

1955        The government of South Africa removed the black residents of Sophiatown and razed the area for a whites only suburb.
    (SFC, 12/19/00, p.B5)

1955        Fighting erupted between north and south Sudan. The black southerners are Christian and animist, while the northerners are mostly Arabic and Muslim. It has lasted through 1996 with a cease-fire from 1972-1983.
    (SFC, 4/15/96,A-8)

1955        In Moscow John Vassal (1925-1996), British attaché, was plied with liquor and photographed in a compromising position with 2-3 men. He was then blackmailed into spying and was not caught until 1962.
    (SFC, 12/6/96, p.B8)
1955        Bulganin and Khrushchev vied for power in the USSR.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1955)
1955        The USSR lifted a ban on abortion that had been imposed by Stalin in 1936.
    (SSFC, 8/24/03, p.A11)

1955        Paul Grimes (1924-2002) worked as an editor for the Bangkok Post. He joined the NY Times in 1957 and helped establish Conde Nast Traveler in 1987.
    (SFC, 5/2/02, p.A27)

1955        Vietnam’s Emperor Bao Dai (1913-1997) fled to France.
    (SFC, 8/2/97, p.A21)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1955_State_of_Vietnam_referendum)

1955-1958    In Russia Nikolai Aleksandrovich Bulganin served as Premier.
    (WUD, 1994, p.195)

1955-1959    Robert Rauschenberg painted "Monogram," which featured a paint-daubed stuffed goat.
    (SFC, 10/13/97, p.E3)

1955-1959    Joe Foss (1915-2002), WW II fighter pilot, served as governor of South Dakota. He hosted ABC TV’s "The American Sportsman from 1964-1967, and produced and hosted the syndicated TV show "The Outdoorsman Joe Foss" from 1967-1974.
    (SFC, 1/2/03, p.A16)

1955-1960    In South Africa residents of Sophiatown were forcibly removed and relocated to townships outside Johannesburg because white blue-collar areas sprang up nearby. Sophiatown had generated a cultural flowering unequalled in the urban history of South Africa.
    (SFC, 12/19/00, p.B5)(AFP, 12/26/11)

1955-1962    East German spymaster Markus Wolf led spy operations over this time. He was charged in 1997 with kidnapping, coercion and causing bodily harm.
    (SFC, 1/8/97, p.A7)

1955-1963     In Greece Constantine Karamanlis was appointed prime minister by King Paul. He built a solid center-right party and won absolute parliamentary majorities in 5 elections. Clashes with King Paul ended in his resignation.
    (SFC, 4/23/98, p.B4)

1955-1963    Vu Van Mau served as the foreign minister in South Vietnam under Pres. Ngo Dinh Diem.
    (SFC, 9/12/98, p.C3)

1955-1965    The 2nd Betty Crocker [General Mills advertising icon] made her appearance.
    (WSJ, 7/5/96, p.A6)

1955-1969    Germany followed the Hallstein Doctrine named after Walter Hallstein. According to the doctrine, the Federal Republic of Germany had the exclusive right to represent the entire German nation, and with the exception of the Soviet Union, West Germany would not establish or maintain diplomatic relations with any state that recognized East Germany. The doctrine was first applied to Yugoslavia in 1957.
    (Econ, 3/22/08, p.59)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hallstein_Doctrine)

1955-1982    William A. Hewitt (d.1998 at 83) led the John Deere farm equipment company. Under his leadership company sales rose from 300 million to over $5 billion. Pres. Reagan appointed him ambassador to Jamaica in 1982.
    (SFC, 5/19/98, p.A21)

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