Return to home There was much turmoil in the world during 1962,
and the need for foreign diplomats created a need for diplomacy graduate degree
programs to aid in producing such individuals.
1962 Jan 1,
Samoa became independent from New Zealand. Malietoa Tanumafili II
nursed Samoa to independence and presided as head of state jointly
for 16 months and thereafter on his own for 43 years.
10/14/01, p.45)(Econ, 5/26/07, p.101)
1962 Jan 3, Pope John XXIII
excommunicated Fidel Castro.
1962 Jan 4, The 1st automated
(unmanned) subway train ran in NYC.
1962 Jan 10, Eruptions on Mount
Huascaran in Peru destroyed 7 villages and killed 3,500.
1962 Jan 12, The United States
resumed aid to the Laotian regime.
1962 Jan 13, Ernie Kovacs
(b.1919), comedian and TV star, died at age 42 in a car crash in
west Los Angeles. ''Nothing in moderation'' was his credo and
appeared on his epitaph.
1962 Jan 16, R.H. Tawney
(b.1880), English economic historian, died. His books include
Equality (1931). It was here that he wrote Freedom for the pike
is death to the minnows.
1962 Jan 18, The U.S. sprayed
foliage with pesticide in South Vietnam, in order to reveal the
whereabouts of Vietcong guerrillas.
1962 Jan 21, Snow fell in the
SF Bay Area and accumulated to about 3 inches in Daly City and San
Francisco. This was the heaviest local snowfall since 1887.
(SFC, 2/23/11, p.A10)(SSFC, 1/22/12, DB p.42)
1962 Jan 23, British spy Kim
Philby defected to USSR.
1962 Jan 23, Jackie Robinson
(1919-1972) became the first African-American elected to Baseball
Hall of Fame.
1962 Jan 26, Bishop Burke of
Buffalo Catholic dioceses declared Chubby Checker's "Twist" is
impure & banned it from all Catholic schools.
1962 Jan 26, The United States
launched Ranger 3 to land scientific instruments on the moon, but
the probe missed its target by some 22,000 miles.
1962 Jan 26, Charles "Lucky"
Luciano (65), NYC Mafia gangster, died.
1962 Jan 27, The SF Bay Area
hosted the Chubby Checker Twist Party at the Cow Palace. 17,000 fans
made it the 1st big rock concert in Bay Area history.
(SFC, 1/26/02, p.D1)
1962 Jan 28, Elliot Joslin
(b.1869), American pioneering diabetes researcher, died. He had
argued that controlling the level of glucose in a persons
bloodstream was the key to managing type 2 diabetes.
1962 Jan 30, Two members of the
"Flying Wallendas" high-wire act were killed when their seven-person
pyramid collapsed during a performance in Detroit.
1962 Jan 31, At the Eighth
Meeting of Consultation of Ministers of Foreign Affairs of the OAS,
held in Punta del Este, Uruguay, ministers suspended Cubas
1962 Jan, The US Navy SEAL (Sea
Air Land) force was formed with personnel from underwater demolition
1962 Jan, In Paris a series of
bombings began and continued thru February by hardline soldiers
opposed to Algerias independence, the Organization of the Secret
(Econ, 2/18/12, ILp.15)
1962 Feb 3, President John F.
Kennedy banned all trade with Cuba except for food & drugs.
1962 Feb 4, Russian newspaper
Izvestia reported baseball is an old Russian game.
1962 Feb 5, French President
Charles De Gaulle called for Algeria's independence.
1962 Feb 5, Sun, Moon, Mercury,
Venus, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn aligned within a 16 degree arc.
1962 Feb 5, Jacques Ibert (71),
French composer (Escales), died.
1962 Feb 7, Sam Snead won the
LPGA Royal Poinciano Plaza Golf Invitational.
1962 Feb 7, President Kennedy
began the blockade of Cuba.
1962 Feb 8, The U.S. Defense
Department reported the creation of the Military Assistance Command
in South Vietnam.
1962 Feb 9, An agreement was
signed to make Jamaica an independent nation within the British
Commonwealth later in the year.
1962 Feb 10, The Soviet Union
exchanged captured American U2 pilot Francis Gary Powers for Rudolph
Ivanovich Abel, a Soviet spy held by the United States.
1962 Feb 12, Pres. Kennedy
commuted the death sentence of Jimmie Henderson, a Navy seaman, to
confinement for life.
1962 Feb 12, A bus boycott
started in Macon, Georgia.
1962 Feb 14, First lady
Jacqueline Kennedy conducted a televised tour of the White House.
1962 Feb 16, Todd Gitlin
(b.1943), Harvard activist, helped organize a national anti-war
rally in Washington, DC. Some 8,000 students turned up. Boston SANE
& the fledgling SDS organized the first anti-nuclear march.
1962 Feb 17, Beach Boys
introduced a new musical style with their hit "Surfin."
1962 Feb 17, Bruno Walter (85),
symphony conductor (NY Philharmonic), died.
1962 Feb 18, Robert F. Kennedy
said that U.S. troops would stay in Vietnam until Communism was
1962 Feb 18, France &
Algerian Moslems negotiated a truce to end 7 year war. [see Mar 18]
1962 Feb 20, U.S. Marine
Lieutenant Colonel John H. Glenn, Jr., became the first American to
orbit the earth. Launched from Cape Canaveral, Fla., Glenn made
three 90-minute orbits of the earth in Friendship 7, radioing down
to Earth, "Oh, that view is tremendous!" The mission also provided
important information about what it was like for an astronaut to be
weightless for a long period of time. When the ship's automatic
altitude control system began to fail, Glenn, a decorated World War
II pilot, took manual control for the rest of the flight. During
Friendship 7's approach to Earth, Glenn saw some flaming material
breaking off the capsule, but the parachute opened and the capsule
landed safely in the Atlantic Ocean. It was some time later that
NASA mission control determined that the sparks were crystallized
water vapor released by Friendship 7's air-conditioning system.
Friendship 7's flight lasted four hours and 56 minutes.
(AP, 2/19/98)(HNPD, 2/20/99)(MC, 2/20/02)
1962 Feb 22, A Soviet bid for
new Geneva arms talks was turned down by the U.S.
1962 Feb 24, New York police
seized $20 million worth of heroin.
1962 Feb 25, Maria Ludovica De
Angelis (b.1880) died in Argentina. She helped expand hospital
services for children. In 2004 she was beatified by Pope John Paul
1962 Feb 26, Arthur Kopit's
"Oh, Dad, Poor Dad..." premiered in NYC.
1962 Feb 26, Wilt Chamberlain
of NBA Philadelphia Warriors scored 67 points vs. New York.
1962 Feb 26, US Supreme court
disallowed race separation on public transportation.
1962 Feb 26, After becoming the
first American to orbit the Earth, John Glenn told a joint meeting
of Congress, "Exploration and the pursuit of knowledge have always
paid dividends in the long run."
1962 Feb 27, South Vietnamese
president Ngo Dinh Diem was unharmed as two planes bombed the
presidential palace in Saigon. The 1st US national was killed.
Although Diem had shortcomings as a leader, he had led South Vietnam
for eight years and at the time of his death was attempting to deal
with Buddhist factionalism.
(HN, 2/27/98)(MC, 2/27/02)
1962 Feb, The Joint Chiefs of
Staff and Deputy Defense Sec. Roswell Gilpatric approved a plan to
"lure or provoke Castro, or an uncontrollable subordinate, into an
overt hostile reaction against the US."
(SFC, 1/30/98, p.A12)
1962 Feb, The UNs
Intergovernmental Committee, the governing body of the World Food
Program (WFP), held its first session. Addeke Boerma was appointed
as WFP's first Executive Director in April.
1962 Feb, An organization of
African states was established by leaders of 20 nations meeting in
(PCh, 1992, p.983)
1962 Mar 1, A US Army
memorandum was put out titled "Possible Actions to Provoke, Harass
or Disrupt Cuba."
1962 Mar 1, US-British nuclear
test experiment took place in Nevada.
1962 Mar 1, The first Kmart, a
60,000-sq.-ft. store, opened in Garden City, Mich. It was originally
know as Kresge's, a five and dime store founded in 1899. The company
was modernized under Harry B. Cunningham and re-opened as Kmart less
than 30 miles from Kresge's headquarters in downtown Detroit.
1962 Mar 1, American Airlines
707 plunged nose 1st into Jamaica Bay, NY, killing 95.
1962 Mar 1, Uganda became a
self-governing country under PM Benedicto Kiwanuka.
1962 Mar 2, Jon Bon Jovi (John
Bongiovi) was born. (singer, musician, songwriter: You Give Love a
Bad Name, Living on a Prayer)
(HC, Internet, 2/3/98)
1962 Mar 2, Wilt "The Stilt"
Chamberlain (d.1999 at 63) scored 100 points and broke an NBA record
as the Philadelphia Warriors beat the New York Knicks 169-147 in
Hershey Pa. before 4,124 fans. Chamberlain broke NBA marks for the
most field goal attempts (63), most field goals made (36), most free
throws made (28), most points in a half (59), most field goal
attempts in a half (37), most field goals made in a half (22), and
most field goal attempts in one quarter (21). The 316 total points
scored tied an NBA record. The basketball used for the game was
stolen by Kerry Ryman (14) after he shook Chamberlains hand.
Rymans ball was auctioned in 2000 for $551,844.
(HC, Internet, 2/3/98)(SFC, 10/13/99, p.A13)(SFC,
1962 Mar 2, JFK announced US
will resume above ground nuclear testing.
1962 Mar 3, British Antarctic
Territory was formed.
1962 Mar 4, AEC announced 1st
atomic power plant in Antarctica in operation.
1962 Mar 5, The US Supreme
Court in Griggs v. Allegheny County ruled that airports must
compensate people living in the near vicinity for noise and
1962 Mar 5, California Lt. Gov.
Glenn Anderson said Alcatraz should be abandoned as a prison site
and the island turned into a place of culture and recreation.
(SSFC, 3/4/12, DBp.42)
1962 Mar 6, US promised
Thailand assistance against "communist" aggression.
1962 Mar 9, US "advisors" in
South-Vietnam joined the fight.
1962 Mar 9, Egyptian Pres.
Nasser declared Gaza belongs to Palestinians.
1962 Mar 10, The Phillies
baseball club left the Jack Tar Harrison Hotel due to its refusal to
admit black players, and moved to Rocky Point Motel, 20 miles
outside Clearwater, Florida.
1962 Mar 13, John F. Kennedy
met Cameroon President Ahmadou Ahidjo.
1962 Mar 13, The US Joint
Chiefs of Staff endorsed a series of ideas as "suitable for planning
purposes" aimed at discrediting Fidel Castro.
1962 Mar 15, Richard Rodger's
musical "No Strings," premiered in NYC for 580 performances.
1962 Mar 15, A US Lockheed
Super H Constellation disappeared above the Pacific Ocean and 107
people were killed. The aircraft was transporting 93 Army men and 3
South Vietnamese from Travis Air Force Base, California to Saigon,
Vietnam. It was en route to Clark Air Base in the Philippines when
1962 Mar 17, Moscow asked the
U.S. to pull out of South Vietnam.
1962 Mar 18, France and
Algerian rebels agreed to a truce, which took effect the next day.
(HN, 3/18/98)(AP, 3/18/08)
1962 Mar 19, Relative calm
returned to Algeria after cease-fire, ending 7 years of warfare
between French and Algerian Nationalists.
1962 Mar 20, C. Wright Mills
(45), US sociologist (Power Elite), died.
1962 Mar 21, A female
black bear was taken aboard a B-58 bomber out of Edwards Air Force
Base in California, flown up to 35,000 feet at a supersonic speed of
850 miles per hour, and ejected from the bomber in a specially made
capsule. She landed safely, and became the first living creature to
survive a parachute jump from a plane flying faster than sound.
1962 Mar 21, Dutch RC Bishop
Willem Bekkers declared himself in favor of birth control. The
church in the Netherlands tried to promote a more liberal view of
birth control. But their view did not prevail.
1962 Mar 23, Pres. John F.
Kennedy visited San Francisco and spoke at UC Berkeley on the 100th
anniversary of the Morrill Act. For this university and so many
other universities across our country owe their birth to the most
extraordinary piece of legislation this country has ever adopted,
and that is the Morrill Act, signed by President Abraham Lincoln in
the darkest and most uncertain days of the Civil War, which set
before the country the opportunity to build the great land grant
colleges of which this is so distinguished a part. Six years later
this university obtained its Charter.
1962 Mar 23, William DeWitt
bought the Cincinnati Reds for $4,625,000.
1962 Mar 24, Emile Griffith
knocked out Benny Paret (b.1937) in the 12th round at Madison Square
Garden. 10 days later on April 3 Paret died from the beating.
Referee Ruby Goldstein was blamed by many for not stopping the fight
(www.ringsidereport.com/vitotrabucco972004.htm)(SFC, 4/20/05, p.E1)
1962 Mar 25, French OAS-leader
ex-general Jouhaud was arrested.
1962 Mar 25, Auguste Piccard
(78), Swiss explorer, balloonist, died.
1962 Mar 26, The U.S. Supreme
Court in Baker vs. Carr gave federal courts the power to order
reapportionment of seats in a state legislature, a decision that
eventually led to the doctrine of "one man, one vote." It arose from
a Tennessee case in which Carr was the state attorney general.
(AP, 3/26/02)(SFC, 8/1/03, p.A27)
1962 Mar 28, The U.S. Air Force
announced research into the use of lasers to intercept missiles and
1962 Mar 29, Jack Paar hosted
NBC's "Tonight" show for the final time. He was succeeded by Johnny
Carson (Oct 1) who stayed to 1992.
(SFEC, 2/23/96, z-1 p.2)(AP, 3/29/97)
1962 Mar 29, Cuba opened the
trial of the Bay of Pigs invaders.
1962 Mar 30, M.C. Hammer,
[Stanley Kirk Burrell], rapper (Hammer Time), was born in Oakland,
1962 Mar 31, Cesar Chavez
(d.1993) founded the United Farm Workers Union on his birthday.
(SSFC, 4/7/02, p.A14)
1962 Mar, Army commander Ne Win
staged a coup against a civilian government and took over control of
(SFC, 5/22/96, p.C-1)(SFC,12/31/97, p.A10)(AP,
1962 Apr 5, Herb Gardner's
"Thousand Clowns," premiered in NYC.
1962 Apr 5, NASA civilian pilot
Neil A. Armstrong took the X-15 to 54,600 m.
1962 Apr 5, St. Bernard Tunnel
was finished and Swiss and Italians workers shook hands.
1962 Apr 8, The Bay of Pigs
invaders got thirty years imprisonment in Cuba.
1962 Apr 9, In the 34th Academy
Awards "West Side Story," Sophia Loren and Maximilian Schell won.
1962 Apr 9, JFK threw out the
1st ball at Washington's new DC Stadium.
1962 Apr 13, US steel industry
was forced to give up price increases.
1962 Apr 16, Walter Cronkite
succeeded Douglas Edwards as anchorman of "The CBS Evening News."
1962 Apr 16, Brazil
nationalized US businesses.
1962 Apr 20, New Orleans
Citizens Committee gave a free one-way ride to blacks to move North.
1962 Apr 20, NASA civilian
pilot Neil A. Armstrong took the X-15 to 63,250 m.
1962 Apr 20, The Secret Army
Organization (OAS) leader and ex-general Salan was arrested in
(MC, 4/20/02)(PCh, 1992, p.984)
1962 Apr 24, The Massachusetts
Institute of Technology achieved the first satellite relay of a
television signal, between Camp Parks, Ca., and Westford, Mass.
1962 Apr 25,
Operation Dominic began with a test blast on Christmas Island. The
operation was a series of 105 nuclear test explosions conducted in
1962 and 1963 by the United States. Those conducted in the Pacific
are sometimes called Dominic I. The blasts in Nevada are known as
1962 Apr 25, U.S. Ranger
spacecraft crash landed on the Moon.
1962 Apr 29, In the 16th Tony
Awards: Man For All Seasons and How to Succeed won.
1962 Apr 30, Milton Obote took
over as prime minister of Uganda.
1962 Apr, Jean-Claude Forest
(d.1998) created the 41st century Barbarella sci-fi comic character
for V Magazine. It was censored in France and barred from
advertising or sale to minors until the early 1970s.
(SFC, 1/2/99, p.C2)
1962 Apr, Bob Dylan gave his
first public performance of Blowin in the Wind at Gerdys Folk
City in the West Village.
(Econ, 2/18/12, ILp.14)
1962 May 2, OAS struck in
1962 May 3, William A, Eddy
(b.1896), former US minister to Saudi Arabia (1944-1946), died. In
2008 Thomas W. Lippman authored Arabian Knight: Colonel Bill Eddy,
USMC, and the Rise of American Power in the Middle East.
(Econ, 11/8/08, p.102)
1962 May 5, The West Side Story
soundtrack album went to #1 and stayed #1 for 54 weeks, more than 20
weeks longer than any other album.
1962 May 6, In the first test
of its kind, the submerged submarine USS Ethan Allen fired a Polaris
missile armed with a nuclear warhead that detonated above the
(AP, 5/6/97)(HN, 5/6/98)
1962 May 6, Pathet Lao broke
cease fire and conquered Nam Tha Laos.
1962 May 7, A Pulitzer prize
was awarded to Theodore H. White (Making of President).
1962 May 8, The Stephen
Sondheim musical comedy "A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the
Forum" opened at the Alvin Theater in NYC for 965 performances.
(AP, 5/8/97)(SFEC, 5/31/98, BR p.6)(MC, 5/8/02)
1962 May 8, London trolley
buses went out of service.
1962 May 9, A laser beam was
successfully bounced off Moon for the first time.
1962 May 11, US sent troops to
1962 May 12, Dick Calkins,
co-author of Buck Rogers, died at 67.
(SC, Internet, 5/12/97)
1962 May 13, Franz Kline
(b.1910), American painter of abstract expressionist style, died of
a heart attack in NYC. He was known for dramatic, easy-to-recognize
pictures of big black slashes against snowy backgrounds. His
early work was as a cartoonist and bar decorator. His portraits
sketches of patrons still line the walls of the Minetta Tavern in
Greenwich Village, N.Y. Klines hot brush stroke was parodied in Roy
Lichtensteins pixilated "Brushstroke" series, where RL provided a
cool version of Klines hot stroke.
1962 May 14, Princess Sophia of
Greece wed Don Juan Carlos of Spain.
1962 May 15, US marines
"arrived" in Laos.
1962 May 19, Marilyn Monroe
sang "Happy Birthday" to Pres. Kennedy at Madison Square Garden
while wearing a dress described as "skin and beads." In 1999 the
dress sold for $1.15 million at Christie's auction house.
(SFC, 10/28/99, p.A3)
1962 May 19, R.C., "Shout!
Shout! (Knock Yourself Out)" by Ernie Maresca peaked at #6 on the
pop singles chart.
1962 May 19, Stan Musial broke
Honus Wagner's NL baseball hit record with 3,431.
1962 May 19, Indonesian
paratroopers landed in New Guinea.
1962 May 23, OAS leader general
Raoul Salan was sentenced to life in prison. French general Raoul
Salan led a failed army revolt in Algeria (July, 1960) and then fled
abroad, continuing to direct increasing terrorist Secret Army
Organization (OAS) attacks on the French and Algerian governments,
turning the Algerian War of Independence into a three-way war in
Algeria and a right-wing guerrilla insurrection in France.
1962 May 23, Ruben Jaramillo,
Mexican agrarian reformer, was assassinated along with his family by
(SFC, 12/31/96, p.C9)(AP, 5/23/04)
1962 May 24, Astronaut Scott
Carpenter became the second American to orbit the Earth as he flew
aboard Aurora 7.
1962 May 25, Isley Brothers
released "Twist & Shout."
1962 May 25, US performed
fizzled nuclear test at Christmas Island. The Tanana blast was part
of Operation Dominic.
1962 May 25, US unions AFL-CIO
started campaign for a 35-hour work week.
1962 May 30, Benjamin Britten's
"War Requiem," premiered.
1962 May 31, Adolph Eichmann
(b.1906), Gestapo official and Nazi war criminal, was hanged near
Tel Aviv, Israel, for his role in the Nazi murder of over one
million Jews. He had been nabbed in Argentina by Peter Malkin in
1960 and taken to Israel for trial. This was the first execution to
take place in the state Israel. Eichmann completed 1,300 notebook
pages while in prison and they were OK'd for publication in 1999. In
1963 Hannah Arendt authored "Eichmann in Jerusalem: A Report on the
Banality of Evil."
(SFEC, 11/3/96, Par p.13) (AP, 5/31/97)(HN,
5/31/99)(SFC, 8/11/99, p.C4)(WSJ, 8/31/99,
1962 May 31, The West Indies
Federation, made up of Trinidad and Tobago, Barbados, Jamaica, and
the Leeward and Windward Islands, broke up after 4 years following
Jamaicas passage of a referendum to end the alliance.
(Econ, 6/2/12, p.47)
1962 May, The stock market
decline coincided with Pres. Kennedys attack on the steel industry
and Attorney General Kennedys antitrust suits against numerous
American industries. Kennedy launched a price-fixing investigation
after US Steel raised prices by $6 a ton and other steel-makers
(SFC,10/27/97, p.B2)(WSJ, 5/12/03, p.A6)
1962 May, A memo from the CIA
briefing for Attorney Genl. Robert Kennedy revealed that $150,000
was offered to the US mob for the assassination of Fidel Castro. The
mob insisted on doing the job at no charge.
(SFC, 7/2/97, p.A5)
1962 May, US Pvt. Larry Abshier
(19) deserted to North Korea and later died there of natural causes.
(SFC, 8/16/04, p.A5)
1962 May, Becton Dickinson
became a public company. In Sep, 1963, its shares qualified for
trading on the New York Stock Exchange at $25 per share. The capital
was used to make disposable syringes. There have been four stock
splits since then and the company has paid dividends to shareholders
every year and the rate has been increased annually.
(Horizon, Fall '95, p.13)(Echo, 12/09, p.4)(SFC,
1962 Jun 1, "The Dinah Shore
Show" (TV Variety) aired for the last time on NBC after 10 years.
1962 Jun 1, USAF Maj. Robert M
White took the X-15 to 40,420 m.
1962 Jun 2, Vita Sackville-West
(b.1892), English poet, novelist and gardener, died. She helped
create her own gardens in Sissinghurst, Kent. She was famous for her
exuberant aristocratic life, her strong marriage, and her passionate
affairs with women like novelist Virginia Woolf. Her son Nigel gave
her estate to the National Trust, a conservation charity. In 2008
Adam Nicolson authored Sissinghurst: An Unfinished History.
1962 Jun 3, Lee Harvey Oswald
arrived by train in Oldenzaal, Netherlands.
1962 Jun 4, Lee Harvey Oswald
departed Rotterdam on SS Maasdam to US.
1962 Jun 4, William Beebe
(b.1877), US biologist, explorer, died. In 2004 Carol Grant Gould
authored The Remarkable Life of William Beebe: Explorer and
1962 Jun 6, Yves Klein
(b.1928), French artist, died of a heart attack.
1962 Jun 7, Joseph A. Walker,
NASA civilian test pilot, took the X-15 to 31,580 meters.
1962 Jun 11, Frank Lee Morris,
John Anglin and Clarence Anglin escaped from Alcatraz and
disappeared into the SF Bay. Their fate was never resolved. The 1979
film "Escape From Alcatraz" with Clint Eastwood was based on this
(SFC, 7/9/96, p.A20)(SFEC, 3/8/98, p.W38)(SFC,
1962 Jun 22, The Hovercraft was
1962 Jun 23, The Syrian
government conducted a special population census only for the
province of Jazira which was predominantly Kurdish. As a result,
around 120,000 Kurds in Jazira were arbitrarily categorized as
1962 Jun 25, The Supreme Court
ruled that the use of an unofficial, nondenominational prayer in New
York public schools was unconstitutional.
(AP, 6/25/97)(HN, 6/25/98)
1962 Jun 27, NASA civilian
pilot Joseph Walker took the X-15 to 6,606 kph, 37,700 m.
1962 Jun 28, Thalidomide was
banned in Netherlands.
1962 Jun, In 2012 Mimi Alford
(69), a grandmother and retired church administrator said she began
a relationship with Pres. John F. Kennedy while she was a
19-year-old intern in the White House press office. According to a
New York Post, which obtained a copy of the memoir, the affair began
in the summer of 1962, on the fourth day of Alford's internship,
when they had an encounter in the White House swimming pool. That
night, Alford says, she lost her virginity to the president in First
Lady Jacqueline Kennedy's bedroom. The affair was first revealed in
2003, when Kennedy biographer Robert Dallek wrote in "An Unfinished
Life" about an unnamed intern who allegedly had a relationship with
the late president. Alfords "Once Upon a Secret: My Affair with
President John F. Kennedy and Its Aftermath" was released on Feb 8,
1962 Jun, In Iran a police
attack on the Faizieh Theological School in Qom started Ayatollah
Ruhollah Khomeini's rebellion against the Shah.
(WSJ, 8/11/99, p.A1)
1962 Jul 1, Some 6 million of a
total Algerian electorate of 6.5 million cast their ballots in the
referendum on independence. The vote was nearly unanimous. De Gaulle
pronounced Algeria an independent country on July 3. The Provisional
Executive, however, proclaimed July 5, the 132nd anniversary of the
French entry into Algeria, as the day of national independence.
1962 Jul 1, Burundi gained
independence from Belgium. The UN trust territory of Ruanda-Urundi
in east-central Africa was divided into the independent nations of
Rwanda and Burundi.
1962 Jul 3, Jackie Robinson
became the first African American to be inducted into the National
Baseball Hall of Fame.
1962 Jul 3, French Pres.
Charles De Gaulle pronounced Algeria an independent country
following the July 1 elections. De Gaulle evacuated Algeria and a
million settlers flooded into France.
1962 Jul 5, Algerias
Provisional Executive proclaimed July 5, the 132nd anniversary of
the French entry into Algeria, as the day of national independence.
French Pres. Charles De Gaulle pronounced Algeria an independent
country on Jul 3 following the July 1 elections. A massacre in
Oran, Algeria, left 96 dead.
1962 Jul 6, The US tested a 104
kiloton nuclear device in Nevada in "Project Sedan" and blew a hole
1,280 feet wide and 320 feet deep. It was one of many "Plowshare"
experiments to see if atomic detonations could be used for large
scale peaceful purposes.
Jul 6, William Cuthbert Faulkner (b.1897), US writer (Nobel 1949),
died in Oxford, Miss. In 2004 Jay Parini authored One Matchless
Time: A Life of William Faulkner.
1962 Jul 7-1962 Jul 17,
Operation Sunbeam was a series of four nuclear tests conducted at
the United States of America's Nevada Test Site.
1962 Jul 7, In Burma Sein Lwin
headed the army unit that shot dead Rangoon University students
protesting Ne Win's rule.
1962 Jul 9, Andy Warhol opened
his first solo show at the Ferus Gallery in Los Angeles. It
consisted of 32 paintings of Campbells Soup Cans. He also created
his "Red Liz" work this year.
(WSJ, 11/21/96, p.A8)(WSJ, 11/13/98, p.W16)(Econ,
10/29/11, IL p.14)
1962 Jul 10, Martin Luther King
Jr. was arrested during a demonstration in Georgia.
1962 Jul 10, The communications
satellite Telstar, developed by Bell Labs, was launched from Cape
Canaveral, Florida, beaming live television from Europe to the
(AP, 7/10/97)(HN, 7/10/98)(WSJ, 8/21/06, p.A2)
1962 Jul 11, The Telstar I
satellite carried the first transatlantic TV transmission. It picked
up broadcast signals from France and bounced them down to an antenna
in Maine, delivering the first live television picture from Europe
1962 Jul 11, Cosmonaut Micolaev
set longevity space flight record -- 4 days.
1962 Jul 12, Mick Jagger (18),
Keith Richards (18) and Brian Jones (20) played The Marquee Club
with three others, the first time they performed under the Rolling
Stones band name which later became synonymous worldwide with excess
and musical flair.
1962 Jul 14, Borehole for Mont
Blanc-tunnel, between France and Italy, was finished. [see Aug 14]
1962 Jul 17, Air Force pilot
Robert White (1924-2010) flew the rocket-powered X-15 to an altitude
of 314,750 feet (59.6 miles).
(SFC, 3/24/10, p.C4)
1962 Jul 20, Dmitri
Shostakovitch completed his 13th Symphony.
1962 Jul 20, George Macaulay
Trevelyan (86), English royal historian, died.
1962 Jul 21, 160 civil right
activists were jailed after demonstration in Albany, Ga.
1962 Jul 22, Mariner I was
launched for Venus, veered off course within seconds, and was
ordered destroyed. It was later found that a single hyphen from the
computer launch code was missing.
(SFEM, 8/22/99, p.9)
1962 Jul 23, In San Francisco a
10-ton granite and bronze monument to Robert Louis Stevenson was
returned to Portsmouth Square as the 800-car underground parking
garage was completed.
(SSFC, 7/22/12, DB p.42)
1962 Jul 23, The Geneva
Conference on Laos forbade the United States to invade eastern Laos,
site of the Ho Chi Minh Trail.
1962 Jul 27, Martin Luther King
Jr. was jailed in Albany, Georgia.
1962 Jul 28, 19 died in a train
crash in Steelton, Pa.
1962 Jul 28, Mariner I,
launched to Mars, fell into the Atlantic Ocean.
1962 Jul, Pres. Kennedy
installed a taping system in the White House.
(WSJ, 11/15/99, p.A48)
1962 Aug 5, Actress
Marilyn Monroe (36) was found dead in her Los Angeles home. Her
death was ruled a "probable suicide" from an overdose of sleeping
pills. Movie actress, model, singer, Judaism convert, RN: Norma Jean
Mortenson Baker; Joe DiMaggio's, then Arthur Miller's ex-wife. Her
films included "Some Like It Hot." In 1999 Barbara Leaming authored
the biography "Marilyn Monroe." In 1969 Fred Lawrence Guiles (d.2000
at 79) authored "Norma Jean: The Life of Marilyn Monroe."
(AP, 6/1/97)(DTnet, 6/1/97)(SFEC, 1/24/99, BR
p.9)(SFC, 8/1/00, p.B2)
1962 cAug 5, Russia set off a
40-megaton atomic bomb as part of a new test series.
(SFC, 8/6/99, p.A1)(SFC, 11/24/99, p.E9)
1962 Aug 5, In South Africa
Nelson Mandela was arrested near Howick and charged with illegally
leaving the country and incitement to strike. He was later sentenced
to five years of hard labor.
(SFC, 12/6/13, p.A18)
1962 Aug 6, Jamaica became an
independent dominion within the British Commonwealth.
(SFC, 7/1/97, p.A9)(AP, 8/6/97)
1962 Aug 9, Hermann Hesse (85),
winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature (1946), died in Switzerland.
(iUniv. 7/2/00)(MC, 8/9/02)
1962 Aug 10, Appointed by Pres.
Kennedy, Gen. Edward Landsdale participated in a meeting of the
Special Group Augmented where discussion of assassinating foreign
leaders was discussed. Highlights of the meeting were written down
in a memorandum dated Aug 13. Attorney General Robert Kennedy was
the augmented member.
(WSJ, 2/13/96, p.A-14)
1962 Aug 11, The Soviet Union
launched cosmonaut Andrian Nikolayev on a 94-hour flight.
1962 Aug 12, A day after
launching Andrian Nikolayev into orbit, the Soviet Union launched
Vostok 4 with cosmonaut Pavel Popovich; both men landed safely on
1962 Aug 14, Robbers held up a
U.S. mail truck in Plymouth, Mass., making off with more than $1.5
1962 Aug 14, French and Italian
workers broke through at the Mount Blanc Vehicular Tunnel. [see Jul
1962 Aug 15, Shady Grove
Baptist Church was burned in Leesburg, Georgia.
1962 Aug 15, US Pvt. James
Joseph Dresnok (21) defected to North Korea. His wife had recently
divorced him and he faced a court-martial. A British film crew met
with Dresnok in 2004. A documentary about his defection, "Crossing
the Line," was released in 2006 and made it to DVD in 2008.
(SFC, 8/16/04, p.A5)(AFP,
1962 Aug 15, Lei Feng (b.1940),
a Chinese revolutionary soldier, died after being hit by a falling
telephone pole. Mao Zedong recognized Lei Feng for his humble
heroism, said to include washing his comrades' uniforms and giving
his pay to the needy. A government publicity campaign later used him
as a model to promote selflessness.
1962 Aug 16, The Beatles
dropped Pete Best as their drummer. They took on Ringo Starr on Aug
17. Best later authored the autobiography "Beatle! The Pete Best
(SFC, 7/5/02, p.G5)(MC, 8/16/02)
1962 Aug 17, Beatles replaced
Pete Best with Ringo Starr.
1962 Aug 17, East German border
guards shot and mortally wounded 18-year-old Peter Fechter, who had
attempted to cross over the Berlin Wall into the western sector.
1962 Aug 18, Peter, Paul and
Mary released their 1st hit "If I Had a Hammer."
1962 Aug 18, Pres. J.F. Kennedy
led the official groundbreaking ceremonies for the San Luis
Joint-Use Complex, Ca. In 1961 the state and feds had agreed to the
project which required the B.F. Sisk San Luis Dam for storage of
flows pumped from the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta. The Sisk Dam was
named after Congressman B.F. Sisk of Fresno.
1962 Aug 18, In Iran brothers,
Ahmad and Mahmoud Khayami founded "Iran National" to manufacture
cars. After the 1979 Islamic Revolution it became known as Iran
Khodro. Their later Paykan design was based on the 1967 Hillman
Hunter, which was originally designed and manufactured by the
British Rootes Group. Mahmoud Khayami is also known for starting the
Kourosh Department Stores: the first large retail chain stores of
Iran, not unlike their American counterparts Sears and Kmart.
1962 Aug 21, Matthew Broderick,
actor (Ferris Buehler, Biloxi Blues), was born.
1962 Aug 22, Savannah, world's
1st nuclear powered ship, completed here maiden voyage from
Yorktown, Va., to Savannah, Ga.
1962 Aug 22, There was a failed
assassination on president De Gaulle.
1962 Aug 23, A Colombian DC-3
plane crashed in the Choco jungle killing over 30 people including
two Americans, the first Peace Corps volunteers to die in service.
(SFC, 8/25/11, p.A3)
1962 Aug 25, USSR
performed a nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya, Eastern Kazakh,
1962 Aug 27, The United States
launched the Mariner 2 space probe with an Atlas D booster. On
December 14, 1962, Mariner 2 passed within just over 20,000 miles of
Venus, reporting an 800F surface temperature, high surface
pressures, a predominantly carbon dioxide atmosphere, continuous
cloud cover, and no detectable magnetic field.
(AP, 8/27/97)(SFEM, 8/22/99,
1962 Aug 29, Rebecca DeMornay,
actress: Risky Business, The Three Musketeers, Guilty as Sin,
Backdraft, was born.
1962 Aug 29, A US U-2 flight
saw SAM launch pads in Cuba.
1962 Aug 31, The Caribbean
nation of Trinidad and Tobago became independent within the British
Commonwealth. Eric Williams, a Marxist historian, led the country to
(SFC, 7/1/97, p.A9)(AP, 8/31/97)(Econ, 8/26/06,
1962 Aug, The first recorded
description of the social interactions that could be enabled through
networking was a series of memos written by J.C.R. Licklider of MIT
discussing his "Galactic Network" concept. He envisioned a globally
interconnected set of computers through which everyone could quickly
access data and programs from any site. In spirit, the concept was
very much like the Internet of today. Licklider was the first head
of the computer research program at DARPA, 4 starting in October
1962. While at DARPA he convinced his successors at DARPA, Ivan
Sutherland, Bob Taylor, and MIT researcher Lawrence G. Roberts, of
the importance of this networking concept.
(SFEC, 3/16/97, Z1
1962 Sep 1, UN announced
Earths that human population has hit 3 billion.
1962 Sep 1, Some 10,000 died in
an earthquake in western Iran.
1962 Sep 3, e[dward] e cummings
(ee cummings), US poet (Tulips & Chimneys), died at 67.
1962 Sep 11, The Beatles
recorded their first single for EMI, "Love Me Do" and "P.S. I Love
You," at EMI studios in London. The recording contract was offered
by producer George Martin. Drummer Ringo Starr joined John, Paul and
George for his first recording session as a Beatles, replacing Pete
Best. "Love Me Do" was the result and it took 17 takes to complete.
(AP, 9/11/97)(SFC, 11/11/98, p.E3)(MC, 9/11/01)
1962 Sep 11, Thurgood Marshall
was appointed a judge of the 2nd Circuit Court of Appeals.
1962 Sep 17, The first federal
suit to end public school segregation was filed by the U.S. Justice
1962 Sep 17, U.S. space
officials announced the selection of nine new astronauts, including
Neil A. Armstrong, who became the first man to step onto the moon.
1962 Sep 20, Black student
James Meredith was blocked from enrolling at the University of
Mississippi by Governor Ross R. Barnett. Meredith was later
admitted. A Life Magazine photograph around this time showed 7
sheriffs gathered at Ole Miss to keep Meredith out. In 2003 Paul
Hendrickson authored "Sons of Mississippi: A Story of Race and Its
Legacy," in which he uncovered the lives of the 7 sheriffs.
(AP, 9/20/97)(SSFC, 4/6/03, p.M1)
1962 Sep 23, "The Jetsons," a
TV animated Hanna-Barbera cartoon series about a Space Age family,
premiered as the ABC television network's first color program. It
was a futuristic mirror image of the Flintstones. Penny Singleton
(1908-2003) was the voice of Jane Jetson.
(SFC, 3/23/01, p.D7)(AP, 9/23/02)(SFC, 11/15/03,
1962 Sep 23, New York's
Philharmonic Hall, since renamed Avery Fisher Hall, formally opened
as the first unit of the Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts.
Opening ceremonies included the premier of Samuel Barbers Piano
Concerto by John Browning (d.2003) and the Boston Symphony under
(AP, 9/23/97)(SFC, 1/30/03, p.A17)
1962 Sep 24, US Circuit Court
of Appeals ordered James Meredith admitted to the Univ. of Miss. The
University of Mississippi agreed to admit James Meredith as the
first black university student, sparking more rioting.
(HN, 9/24/98)(MC, 9/24/01)
1962 Sep 25, Sonny Liston
knocked out Floyd Patterson in round one to win the world
heavyweight title at Comiskey Park in Chicago.
1962 Sep 25, A Black church was
destroyed by fire in Macon, Georgia.
1962 Sep 26, The cult film
"Carnival of Souls" premiered in Lawrence, Kan., where parts of it
had been filmed.
1962 Sep 26, TV comedy series
"Beverly Hillbillies" premiered on CBS. The Beverly Hillbillies,
produced by Paul Henning (1912-2005), became the top ranking network
show on television for two seasons with rankings of 36 and 39.1%.
The show ran to 1971.
(WSJ, 4/24/95, p.R-5)(WSJ, 5/26/98, p.B1)(SFC,
1962 Sep 26, In North Yemen a
group of military officers led by Col. Adbullah al-Sallal and
supported by Egypt overthrew the Imam and established a republic.
(SFC, 1/19/01, p.D6)
1962 Sep 30, Black student
James Meredith succeeded on his fourth try in registering for
classes at the University of Mississippi. He became the first black
to enroll at Old Miss Univ. and 13,500 Federal troops were required
to back him up. U.S. Marshals escorted James H. Meredith into the
University of Mississippi; two died in the mob violence that
followed. Meredith was also noted for starting the "March Against
Fear" to encourage voter registration by Southern African Americans.
While on the march he was hit with a snipers bullet. Other Civil
Rights leaders including MLK continued the march. Meredith was able
to complete the march in Jackson, Mississippi.
(TMC, 1994, p.1962)(AP, 9/30/97)(HN, 9/30/98)
1962 Sep 30, Howard Duff signed
off his radio show as "Yours Truly, Johnny Dollar" for the last
time. It was declared by Gerald Nachman to mark the last moment of
vintage radio. In 1998 Nachman published "Raised on Radio."
(SFEC, 12/27/98, BR p.3)
1962 Oct 1, Johnny Carson
succeeded Jack Paar as regular host of NBC's "Tonight" show. Carson
received an on-air introduction from Groucho Marx; the guests on his
debut program were Joan Crawford, Rudy Vallee, Tony Bennett,
Mel Brooks and The Phoenix Singers.
1962 Oct 1, Barbra Streisand
signed her 1st recording contract with Columbia.
1962 Oct 1, James Meredith
became 1st black at U of Mississippi. [see Sep 30]
1962 Oct 1, Ludwig Bemelmans
(1898), Austrian-born writer of childrens books, died in NYC. His
1st Madeline book was published in 1939.
1962 Oct 3, "Stop the World"
opened at Shubert NYC for 886 performances.
1962 Oct 3, The SF Giants beat
the LA Dodgers to win baseball's National League Pennant.
(SFC, 11/24/99, p.E9)
1962 Oct 3, Astronaut Wally
Schirra blasted off from Cape Canaveral aboard the Sigma 7 on a
1962 Oct 5, The Beatles' first
hit, "Love Me Do," was first released in the United Kingdom.
1962 Oct 8, Former Pres.
Eisenhower and Richard Nixon visited San Francisco as the SF Giants
beat the NY Yankees in a World Series baseball game.
(SSFC, 10/7/12, DB p.46)
1962 Oct 9, Uganda became an
independent state within the Britain Commonwealth. [see Mar 1]
(PCh, 1992, p.984)(SFC, 5/4/96, P.A-10)(AP,
1962 Oct 11, The US Trade
Expansion Act was enacted under Pres. Kennedy. It included a federal
program called the Trade Adjusted Assistance (TAA), which offered
superior unemployment benefits to US manufacturing and farm workers
who lose jobs due to imports or production shifts out of country.
p.A1)(Econ, 7/2/11, p.23)
1962 Oct 11, The TV
series "McHale's Navy" (1962-66) premiered and featured Ernest
Borgnine (1917-2012) as a Navy officer.
1962 Oct 11, Pope John XXIII
convened the first session of the Roman Catholic Church's 21st
Ecumenical Council, also known as Vatican II, with a call for
Christian unity. This was the largest gathering of the Roman
Catholic hierarchy in history. Among delegate-observers were
representatives of major Protestant denominations, in itself a sign
of sweeping change. He declared its purpose to be "aggiornamento,"
an "updating" that would be a pastoral response to the needs of the
modern world. It allowed for vernacular languages in the Liturgy and
continued to 1965, when it published "Gaudium et Spes," the Pastoral
Constitution on the Church in the Modern World.
(CU, 6/87) (AP, 10/11/97)(HN, 10/11/98)
1962 Oct 12, Columbus Day
storms washed out the 1962 World Series game at Candlestick Park in
SF. A storm from the Gulf of Alaska took on moisture from Typhoon
Freda and caused 4 days of rainouts during the World series.
(SFCM, 9/25/05, p.4)(SFC, 11/3/12, p.A6)
1962 Oct 13, Jerry Rice,
football player, was born. He played as a San Francisco '49er wide
receiver: Super Bowl XXIII, XXIV, XXIX.
1962 Oct 13, The four-character
drama "Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?," by Edward Albee, opened on
Broadway with Uta Hagen (d.2004) as Martha and Arthur Hill as
George. The opening coincided with co-star Melinda Dillon's 23rd
(SFC, 1/16/04, p.A23)(AP, 10/13/07)
1962 Oct 14, The CIA U-2
mission detected Soviet ballistic missiles in Cuba. Air Force pilot
Maj. Richard Heyser and CIA contract pilot James Barnes Jr. (d.1999
at 70) identified missile sites in separate flights.
(SFC, 9/17/97, p.A3)(SFC, 7/13/99, p.A19)
1962 Oct 15, Byron R. White
(1917-2002) was appointed to the US Supreme Court by Pres. Kennedy.
(MC, 10/15/01)(SFC, 4/16/02, p.A5)
1962 Oct 16, The Cuban missile
crisis began as President Kennedy was informed that reconnaissance
photographs had revealed the presence of missile bases in Cuba.
1962 Oct 16-1962 Oct 29, The
Cuban missile crises. Russia under Khrushchev removed its missiles
from Cuba. The 13-day missile crises was in part recorded by Kennedy
on tape and published in 1997: "The Kennedy Tapes," ed. by Ernest R.
May and Philip D. Zelikow.
(SFEC, 8/25/96, Parade p.6)(TMC, 1994,
p.1962)(WSJ, 9/23/97, p.A20)
1962 Oct 17, The SF Giants lost
to the NY Yankees 1-0 in the 7th game of the
World Series at Candlestick Park.
(SSFC, 10/14/12, DB p.46)
1962 Oct 18, Dr. James D.
Watson of the United States and Dr. Francis Crick and Dr. Maurice
Wilkins (d.2004) of Britain, were named winners of the Nobel Prize
for Medicine and Physiology for their work in determining the
double-helix molecular structure of DNA.
(AP, 10/18/02)(SFC, 3/19/98, p.C4)
1962 Oct 18, JFK met Russian
minister of Foreign affairs Andrei Gromyko.
1962 Oct 20, The musical, "Mr.
President," written by Irving Berlin, opened on Broadway.
1962 Oct 20, A Chinese army
landed in India for a brief border war in the Himalayas. The
northeast Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh, twice the size of
Switzerland, was occupied in a week-long assault by China and closed
to foreign tourists. Some 3,000 Indian officers and men were killed.
China gained control from India of the northeast region of Kashmir
known as Aksai Chin. Some 4,500 lives were lost before China
unilaterally declared the war over. Arunachal Pradesh re-opened in
(WSJ, 5/16/96, p.A-10)(SFC, 11/29/96, p.A1)
(SSFC, 12/30/01, p.A22)(SSFC, 1/4/04, p.C10)(Econ, 7/5/08,
p.95)(Econ, 8/21/10, p.17)(Econ, 10/20/12, p.36)
1962 Oct 22, President John F.
Kennedy announced that missile bases had been discovered in Cuba and
they had the potential to attack the United States with nuclear
warheads. Kennedy ordered a naval and air blockade on further
shipment of military equipment to Cuba. The Russians had previously
agreed not to bring new offensive weapons into Cuba, but after
hearing Kennedy's announcement, Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev
refused to cooperate with the quarantine. Following a confrontation
that threatened nuclear war, Kennedy and Khrushchev agree on October
28 on a formula to end the crisis. On November 2 Kennedy reported
that Soviet missile bases in Cuba are being dismantled.
(AP, 10/22/97)(HNPD, 10/22/98)(HN, 10/22/02)
1962 Oct 23, US ambassador
Adlai Stevenson spoke at UN about Cuba crisis.
1962 Oct 24, The U.S. blockade
of Cuba during the missile crisis officially began under a
proclamation signed by President Kennedy.
1962 Oct 24, The Russian Mars
1962A Flyby failed to leave Earth orbit after the final rocket stage
(SFC, 11/19/96, p.B1)
1962 Oct 25, American author
John Steinbeck (62) was awarded the Nobel Prize in literature.
(WUD, 1994, p.1392)(AP, 10/25/97)
1962 Oct 25, U.S. ambassador
Adlai E. Stevenson presented photographic evidence of Soviet missile
bases in Cuba to the U.N. Security Council. Ambassador Adlai E.
Stevenson demanded USSR and Zorin answer regarding Cuban missile
bases saying "I am prepared to wait for my answer until hell freezes
(AP, 10/25/97)(MC, 10/25/01)
1962 Oct 26, JFK warned Russia
that the US would not allow Soviet missiles to remain in Cuba.
1962 Oct 26, The USS Beale
tracked and dropped practice depth charges on a Soviet Foxtrot-class
submarine which was armed with a nuclear torpedo. Running out of
air, the Soviet submarine was surrounded by American warships and
desperately needed to surface to recharge its batteries. An argument
broke out among three officers on the B-39, including submarine
captain Valentin Savitsky, political officer Ivan Semonovich
Maslennikov, and chief of staff of the submarine flotilla, Commander
Vasiliy Arkhipov. A totally exhausted Savitsky became furious and
ordered that the nuclear torpedo on board be made combat ready.
Accounts differ about whether Commander Arkhipov convinced Savitsky
not to make the attack, or whether Savitsky himself finally
concluded that the only reasonable choice left open to him was to
come to the surface.
1962 Oct 26, Nikita Khrushchev
sent note to JFK offering to withdraw his missiles from Cuba if US
closed its bases in Turkey. The offer was rejected.
1962 Oct 27, "Beyond the
Fringe" opened at John Golden Theater NYC for 673 performances. It
starred Peter Cook, Dudley Moore, Jonathan Miller and Alan
1962 Oct 27, Fatso Marco (56),
comedian (Milton Berle Show), died.
1962 Oct 27, With its batteries
running low, submarine B-59/C-19 was forced to surface and headed
east. Although surrounded by US ships, submarine captain Vitali
Savitsky realizes that they are not in a "state of war; one of the
destroyers has a lively band playing jazz. The Cony communicates
with it via flashing lights; Savitsky identifies the submarine as
"Ship X" ("Korablx") and declines assistance. B-59 identifies itself
to other nearby ships as "Prinavlyet" (by the U.S.S. Murray), and
"Prosnablavst" (by the Bache and the Barry). Aircraft illuminate and
1962 Oct 27, Soviet Premier
Nikita Khrushchev offered to remove Soviet missile bases in Cuba if
the U.S. removed its missile bases in Turkey. It was later learned
that JFK had secretly offered this option to Khrushchev.
(HN, 10/27/98)(MC, 10/27/01)(NPR, 2002)
1962 Oct 28, Soviet leader
Nikita Khrushchev informed the United States that he had ordered the
dismantling of Soviet missile bases in Cuba. Radio Moscow reported
nuclear missiles in Cuba deactivated. Kennedy and Khrushchev agreed
on a formula to end the Cuban missile crisis: the Russians would
dismantle their bases and the United States would publicly promise
not to invade Cuba.
(AP, 10/28/97)(HN, 10/22/98)(HNPD, 10/22/98)(MC,
1962 Oct 31, Bobby Pickett
(1938-2007) made a one-time hit with Monster Mash, as it reached
No. 1 on Halloween.
(SFC, 4/27/07, p.B9)
1962 Oct, Linus Pauling won the
Nobel Peace Prize. In 1954 he won a Nobel in Chemistry.
(SFC, 9/16/98, p.E1)(SFC, 10/8/01, p.A17)
1962 Oct, Max Perutz
(1914-2002), Austrian-born molecular biologist, won the Nobel Prize
in chemistry for his work in England on the structure of hemoglobin.
1962 Nov 1, Greece entered the
European Common Market.
1962 Nov 1, The Russian Mars 1
Flyby was launched but communications failed en route.
(SFC, 11/19/96, p.B1)
1962 Nov 2, Pres. Kennedy
reported that Soviet missile bases in Cuba were being dismantled.
1962 Nov 4, The Russian Mars
1962B Lander failed to leave Earth orbit.
(SFC, 11/19/96, p.B1)
1962 Nov 6, Edward M. Kennedy
(1932-2009) of Massachusetts was 1st elected as US Senator (D) to
fill the vacancy caused by the 1960 resignation of his brother, John
Fitzgerald Kennedy, for the term ending January 3, 1965. Pres.
Kennedy had persuaded the governor of Massachusetts to appoint his
college roommate, Benjamin A. Smith II, until Edward turned 30.
1962 Nov 6, Edmund G. "Pat"
Brown was re-elected as democratic governor over Richard Nixon by
some 300,000 votes.
(SFC, 10/17/96, C2)(SFEM, 11/17/96, p.18)(SFEC,
1962 Nov 6, Saudi Arabia
1962 Nov 6, The UN General
Assembly adopted resolution 1761 (XVII), which established a Special
Committee on Apartheid in South Africa. The non-binding resolution
called upon members "separately or collectively, in conformity with
the charter" to break diplomatic relations with South Africa, to
close ports to South African vessels, to forbid vessels flying their
flags to enter South African ports, to boycott South African trade,
and to suspend landing rights for South African aircraft. The
committee held its first meeting on April 2, 1963.
1962 Nov 7, Richard M. Nixon,
who failed in a bid to become governor of California, held what he
called his last press conference, telling reporters, "You won't have
Nixon to kick around anymore." Nixon's loss was in part due to the
revelation that that his Washington home was being sold under a
"restrictive covenant," that prevented a sale to a black or Jewish
(AP, 11/7/97)(SFEM, 4/11/99, p.41)
1962 Nov 7, Former first lady
(1933-1945) Eleanor Roosevelt (b.1884) died in New York City and was
buried near her husband at their estate in Hyde Park, New York. [see
(AP, 11/7/97)(SFEC, 2/7/99, Par p.7)(HNPD,
1962 Nov 10, Eleanor Roosevelt
1962 Nov 14, Laura San Giacoma,
actress (Pretty Woman, Vital Signs), was born in Danville, NJ.
1962 Nov 15, Cuba threatened to
down U.S. planes on reconnaissance flights over its territory.
1962 Nov 17, Washington's
Dulles International Airport opened in rural Virginia and was
dedicated by President Kennedy. The terminal was designed by
Finnish-born architect Eero Saarinen. The airport spawned a
high-tech corridor that by 2005 sat in the fastest growing county in
(Hem., 5/97, p.68)(AP, 11/17/97)(Econ, 11/26/05,
1962 Nov 17, Arthur Vining
Davis (95), CEO (Alcoa-1910-57), died in Miami.
1962 Nov 18, Niels Bohr (77),
Danish physicist (atom, Nobel 1922), died.
1962 Nov 19, S.N. Behrman's
"Lord Pengo," premiered in NYC.
1962 Nov 19, Fidel Castro
accepted the removal of Soviet weapons.
1962 Nov 20, President Kennedy
barred religious or racial discrimination in federally funded
1962 Nov 20, USSR agreed to
remove bombers from Cuba and US lifted its blockade.
1962 Nov 21, China agreed to a
cease-fire on India-China border.
1962 Nov 23, In New Jersey gas
station owner Walter Patterson, a decorated World War II veteran,
was shot during a robbery at his business in Wall. George Wright
(19) was convicted of the murder and sentenced to 15-30 years in
prison. He escaped in 1970.
1962 Nov 24, The BBC TV series
"That Was the Week That Was" began and ran through 36 episodes to
1963. Willie Rushton impersonated PM Harold McMillan.
1962 Nov 26, The Beatles made
their 1st recording session under the "Beatles" name.
1962 Nov 29, Great Britain and
France agreed on a joint venture to build the super sonic Concorde
(WSJ, 7/26/00, p.A26)(MC, 11/29/01)
1962 Nov 30, U Thant of Burma,
who had been acting secretary-general of the United Nations
following the death of Dag Hammarskjold the year before, was elected
to a four-year term.
1962 Nov, The Chieftains were
founded by Paddy Moloney in northern Dublin as a traditional Irish
(WSJ, 3/17/98, p.A16)
1962 Dec 5, Pres. Kennedy
discussed stockpiling nuclear weapons to deter Soviet attacks with
senior staff including Def. Sec. McNamara and Gen. Maxwell Taylor.
(SFC, 2/7/02, p.A4)
1962 Dec 7, Great Britain
performed a nuclear test at the Nevada Test Site.
1962 Dec 8, A 114-day newspaper
strike began in NYC.
1962 Dec 9, "I Can Get It For
You Wholesale" closed on Broadway.
1962 Dec 10, "Lawrence of
Arabia," David Lean's epic film starring Peter O'Toole as British
officer T.E. Lawrence, had its royal gala premiere in London.
1962 Dec 11, In San Francisco
the LItalia building at Stockton and Green fell under the wreckers
ball. The 45-year-old building had housed the largest
Italian-language newspaper this side of New York. The newspaper,
founded in 1886 had merged with the La Voce Popolo in 1939. It now
moved to new quarters at 70 Otis Street.
(SSFC, 12/9/12, DB p.46)
1962 Dec 14, The U.S. space
probe Mariner 2 approached Venus, transmitting information about the
1962 Dec 14, North Rhodesia's
first African-dominated government was formed under Kenneth Kaunda.
1962 Dec 17, Thomas Mitchell
(70), US, actor (Outlaw), died of cancer.
1962 Dec 19, Transit 5A1, the
1st operational navigational satellite, was launched.
1962 Dec 20, In its first free
election in 38 years, the Dominican Republic chose leftist Juan
Bosch Gavino, the leftist leader of the Dominican Revolutionary
Party, as president. Juan Bosch (1909-2001) was toppled in the
Dominican Republic by the army shortly after being elected. His
plans for land reform would have split up sugar plantations owned by
(SFC, 5/17/96, p.A-14)(SFC, 5/12/98, p.A21)(HN,
12/20/98)(SFC, 11/2/01, p.D6)
1962 Dec 21, A US and Cuba
accord released Bay of Pigs captives.
1962 Dec 23, Cuba started
returning US prisoners from Bay of Pigs invasion.
1962 Dec 25, The Bay of Pigs
captives who were ransomed, vowed to return and topple Castro.
1962 Dec 26, Eight East
Berliners escaped to West Berlin, crashing through gates in an armor
1962 Dec, The Surfaris, formed
near LA in September, recorded "Surfer Joe" and the flip side hit
"Wipeout." Band members were Jim Fuller (15) lead guitar, Ron Wilson
(18) drummer, Robert Berryhill (15) rhythm guitar, Pat Conolly (15)
bass. Saxophonist Jim Pash (13) was not there.
(WSJ, 8/15/01, p.A1)
1962 Dec, Pres. Kennedy
proposed a tax cut.
(WSJ, 5/30/96, p.A14)
1962 Dec, Pres. Kennedy
commuted the sentence of Junius Scales (d.2002 at 82), who had
served 15 months for being a member of the Communist Party. Scales
was 1st arrested in 1954 and was later convicted and sentenced to 6
years in prison, the only American ever sent to prison for being a
(SFC, 8/8/02, p.A22)
1962 Dec, In Paraguay army
captain Napoleon Ortigoza was imprisoned by Alfredo Stroessner's
security apparatus on charges of conspiring to topple the right-wing
military strongman. He spent the first 18 years of confinement
chained in a police holding cell and later escaped house arrest and
made his way to the Colombian embassy.
1962 Claire Falkenstein
(1908-1997), sculptor and painter, created the gates for Peggy
Guggenheims palazzo in Venice.
1962 Roy Lichtenstein made his
pop art painting "BLANG!"
(WSJ, 5/2/97, p.C1)
1962 Robert Rauschenberg
created his piece "Barge."
(WSJ, 9/25/97, p.A20)
1962 Ben Shahn painted his
"Heron of Calvary No. 1."
(WSJ, 12/1/98, p.A20)
1962 George Tooker (b.1920),
painted "Mirror I," a de La Tour inspired painting of a woman
looking into a mirror with a skull behind her.
(NH, 10/96, p.39)
1962 David Smith made his
sculpture "Voltri VI."
(SFEM, 11/24/96, p.62)
1962 Herbert Palmer, a Los
Angeles art dealer, began compiling an art reference library. It
spanned all areas of art collecting and featured monographs on
(HT, 5/97, p.58)
1962 Herbert E. Alexander
(1927-2008), political scientist at USC, authored Financing the
1960 Election. His work pioneered the field of campaign finance
(SFC, 4/8/08, p.B5)
1962 Giorgio Bassani (d.2000 at
84) of Italy authored his semi-autobiographical novel: "The Garden
of the Finzi-Continis." In 1971 a film version by Vittorio De Sica
with Dominique Sanda won a Hollywood Oscar for the Best Foreign
(SFEC, 11/17/96, DB p.40)(SFC, 4/14/00, p.D5)
1962 Daisy Bates (d.1999 at 87)
authored "The Long Shadow of Little Rock." It was about the 1956
desegregation of the Little Rock bus system and the 1957 integration
of Central High.
(SFC, 11/5/99, p.D7)
1962 Jan and Stan Berenstain
(1923-2005) published their 1st Berenstain Bears book: The Big
Honey Hunt. They developed the stories with Theodore Geisel (aka
Dr. Seuss) and went on to publish over 200 books in the series.
(SFC, 11/30/05, p.B7)
1962 Helen Gurley Brown
(1922-2012) authored "Sex and the Single Girl." In 2009 Jennifer
Scanlon authored Bad Girls Go Everywhere: The Life of Helen Gurley
(NW, 6/23/03, p.65)(WSJ, 4/10/09, p.W7)(SFC,
1962 Eugene Burdick (1918-1965)
and Harvey Wheeler (1918-2004) co-authored Fail-Safe, a novel
about an accidental nuclear attack on Russia. The popular and
critically acclaimed novel was first adapted into a 1964 film of the
same name directed by Sidney Lumet and starring Henry Fonda, Dan
O'Herlihy, and Walter Matthau.
1962 Anthony Burgess authored
his dystopian novel A Clockwork Orange. It was made into a 1971
movie by Stanley Kubrick.
1962 "Naked Lunch" by William
Burroughs was published in the US after a precedent-setting
obscenity trial. He also published "The Ticket That Exploded."
(SFEC, 8/3/97, p.B6)
1962 Rachel Carson (d.1964)
published "Silent Spring" and exposed the pesticide industry and its
effects on the environment: "They should not be called
insecticides, but biocides." Carson entered the Pennsylvania
College originally planning to major in English. Instead, she grew
more interested with the natural world, graduating in 1929 with a
bachelors degree in biology. After graduate work at Johns Hopkins
University and a teaching stint, she worked for the U.S. government
until the early `50s. She combined her interests in writing and
ecology and reached a wide audience with the publication of her
first book, Under the Sea-Wind (1941). Her following works were also
praised for their scientific accuracy and readable prose. Her book
"Silent Spring," which documented the contribution of pesticides to
declining songbird populations, came out when DDT and similar
insecticides were used in abundance.
(NOHY, Weiner, 3/90, p.70)(HNQ, 4/18/01)
1962 Joan Crawford, film
actress, published her autobiography, "Portrait of Joan," written by
Jane Ardmore (d.2000 at 88).
(SFC, 8/23/00, p.A26)
1962 Alan Dugan (1923-2003) won
the Pulitzer Prize and National Book Award for his book "Poems." At
the time Dugan worked in a factory where he made plastic vaginas
used to demonstrate diaphragm insertion.
(SSFC, 9/7/03, p.A29)
1962 Loren Eiseley (1907-1977)
authored Francis Bacon and the Modern Dilemma. In 1973 it was
published by Scribner as The Man Who Saw Through Time. Not to be
confused with Nostradamus: The Man Who Saw Through Time (1994) by
1962 Milton Friedman
(1912-2006) and his wife Rose published "Capitalism and Freedom," a
good summary of Friedmans economic thinking.
(WSJ, 5/27/98, p.A20)(Econ, 3/6/04, p.74)
1962 Herbert Gans authored "The
Urban Villagers," a study of the working-class in Bostons West End.
(WSJ, 8/23/00, p.A6)
1962 Jacob Getzels (d.2001 at
89) authored "Creativity and Intelligence."
(SFC, 4/17/01, p.A20)
1962 Harold Gilliam authored
Island In Time: The Point Reyes Peninsula. A copy was sent to
every member of Congress as a bill to create the Point Reyes
National Seashore was being considered.
(SSFC, 5/19/13, p.A2)
1962 Eugene Ionesco, French
absurdist playwright, wrote his play Exit the King.
(Econ, 4/4/09, p.86)
1962 The 1st edition of
History of Art by H.W. Janson was published.
(WSJ, 3/11/05, p.W7)
1962 James Jones (d.1977) wrote
"The Thin Red Line."
(SFC, 10/12/97, DB p.52)
1962 Jack Kerouac authored his
novel Big Sur. Poet Lenore Kandel (1932-2009) was portrayed as
Romana Swartz in the novel. Poet Lew Welch was portrayed as Dave
(SFC, 10/22/09, p.D6)
1962 Ken Kesey (1935-2001)
published his novel: "One Flew Over the Cuckoos Nest."
(WSJ, 5/15/00, p.A46)(SSFC, 11/11/01, p.A1)
1962 "The Structure of
Scientific Revolution" by Berkeley Prof. Thomas Samuel Kuhn
(1923-1996), eminent historian of science, was published. Kuhn
distinguished between ordinary science, which solves problems within
a particular paradigm and revolutionary science, which introduces a
new world view.
(V.D.-H.K.p.211)(SFC, 6/21/96, p.E2)
1962 "A Wrinkle in Time" by
Madeline L'Engle was published.
(SFEC, 2/27/00, BR p.12)
1962 Doris Lessing wrote her
novel: "The Golden Notebook." It focused on female sexuality and
consequences of oppositional thinking. In 1994 the first volume of
her autobiography, "Under My Skin," was published. In 1997 "Walking
in the Shade: Volume Two of My Autobiography," by Doris Lessing was
(SFC, 5/26/96, BR p.4)(SFEC, 9/14/97, BR p.5)
1962 The Ross McDonald (aka
Kenneth Millar) Lew Archer mystery "The Zebra-Striped Hearse" was
(WSJ, 4/28/99, p.A16)
1962 Marshall McLuhan
(1911-1980), Canadian educator, authored The Gutenberg Galaxy: The
Making of Typographic Man. In it he analyzes the effects of mass
media, especially the printing press, on European culture and human
1962 Walker Percy (1916-1990),
physician, novelist (Lancelot), won the National Book Award for his
book "The Moviegoer."
(WSJ, 3/26/03, p.D8)
1962 Cartoonist Charles Shultz
(b.1922) authored Happiness Is a Warm Puppy.
(SSFC, 11/25/12, DB p.46)
1962 Alexander Solzhenitsyn
(43) published "One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovitch." It first
appeared in the Soviet magazine Novy Mir. In 1998 D.M. Thomas
published the biography: Alexander Solzhenitsyn: A Century in His
Life." In 1985 Michael Scammell published his biography:
(SFEC, 3/8/98, BR p.9)
1962 Dido Sotiriou authored
Farewell Anatolia, a novel of 2 shepherd boys, one Christian and
one Muslim, who go off to fight on opposite sides during the
Greek-Turkish war of 1919-22.
(Econ, 7/17/04, p.79)
1962 John Steinbeck published
his American journal "Travels with Charley." It was based on a 1960
trip across America with his French poodle.
(SFEC, 6/21/98, DB p.35)(SSFC, 2/24/02, p.M1)
1962 Dr. Edward Thorpe
published "Beat the Dealer," a players guide on how to win in
(SFC, 11/3/98, p.C2)
1962 Nicolo Tucci ( d.1999 at
91) published his first English novel "Before My Time." Tucci had
worked for the propaganda ministry of Benito Mussolini, but moved to
NY in 1938 and took up anti-fascist propaganda.
(SFC, 12/16/99, p.A33)
1962 "Animal Dispersion in
Relation to Social Behavior" by V.C. Wynne-Edwards was published.
(NH, 5/96, p.13)
1962 Marvel comics introduced
"The Incredible Hulk" and "The Amazing Spider Man."
(WSJ, 5/23/01, p.A24)
1962 Ralph Ginzburg (b.1929)
began publishing Eros, an erotic art quarterly in NYC. A year later
he was convicted in Philadelphia for salacious promotional methods.
He wound up serving 8 months of a 5 year sentence.
(SFC, 7/7/06, p.B9)
1962 Herb Gardners comedy "A
Thousand Clowns" was first staged.
(WSJ, 7/26/96, p.A9)
1962 The Broadway show "Little
Me" played with burlesque star Joey Faye (d.1997) and Cid Caesar.
(SFC, 4/28/97, p.A18)
1962 The Broadway show "No
Strings" starred Richard Kiley and Diane Carroll. It was written by
Samuel Taylor and was the only Broadway musical for which Richard
Rogers wrote the music and lyrics.
(SFC, 3/6/99, p.A21)(SFC, 5/27/00, p.A26)
1962 Edward Albees "Whos
Afraid of Virginia Woolf" hit Broadway with the first public use of
four letter words.
(TMC, 1994, p.1962)
1962 The musical "Little Me"
was adopted by Paul Simon and based on the 1961 mock memoir by
Patrick Dennis of a farm girl turned Hollywood star.
(WSJ, 11/18/98, p.A20)
1962 The 1937 novel "I Can Get
It for You Wholesale" by Jerome Weidman was transformed into a
Broadway musical which featured Elliot Gould and the debut of Barbra
(SFC, 10/8/98, p.C4)
1962 Robert Smith, a disk
jockey in Shreveport, La., took on the name "Wolfman Jack."
(SFC, 12/30/99, p.E3)
1962 The TV series "Combat"
starred Dick Peabody (d.2000 at 74) as private Littlejohn. The
series ran to 1967.
(SFC, 1/14/00, p.D4)
1962 The "Match Game" with host
Gene Rayburn (d.1999 at 81) made its debut on Dec 31 and ran for 7
(SFC, 12/3/99, p.D7)
1962 The TV show "Frontier
Circus" featured Richard Hanley Jaeckel (d.1997) as cowboy scout
(SFC, 6/17/97, p.A22)
1962 The TV series The
Virginian starred James Drury and Doug McClure. It was based on the
1902 novel by Owen Wister (1860-1938).
(AH, 10/02, p.20)
1962 "The War Requiem" by
Benjamin Britten premiered at the reconsecration of the bombed-out
Coventry Cathedral. It juxtaposed sections from the Mass for the
Dead with verse by WW I poet Wilfred Owen.
(SFEM, 5/17/98, p.6)
1962 Sir Michael Tippett,
British composer, premiered his 2nd opera "King Priam."
(SFC, 1/10/98, p.A19)
1962 Tony Bennett won his first
Grammy Award for I Left My Heart in San Francisco, the record of
the year. It was the B side of a record that featured Once Upon a
Time on the A side.
(SFC, 1/25/12, p.A11)
1962 Booker T. & the MGs
made a hit with their instrumental Green Onions.
(SFC, 5/14/12, p.C5)
1962 Johnny Burke wrote the hit
(WSJ, 2/2/00, p.W8)
1962 Miles Davis and Gill Evans
collaborated to produce "Quiet Nights," a bossa nova album.
(SFC, 9/1/96, DB p.42)
1962 The jazz tune "Easy Money"
was written by Benny Carter.
1962 John Lee Hooker sang "Boom
(SFC, 11/12/02, p.D1)
1962 Vinicius de Moraes,
inspired by the stroll of a young woman (18) headed for Copacabana,
wrote a poem that became known as The Girl of Ipanema. It was put
to music by Jaoa Gilberto and Stan Getz and sung by Gilbertos wife,
Astrud. The song won a Grammy for Record of the Year in 1964. The
young woman, Heloisa Eneida Menezes Paes Pinto, never made a dime
off the song but opened a modeling agency and a clothing store near
(SSFC, 9/30/07, p.G3)
1962 The 4 Osmond brothers,
under the direction of their father, George Osmond (1917-2007),
debuted on the Andy Williams show. Donny Osmond, at age 6, joined
the group a year later. Marie Osmond joined the group in 1973. In
1976 the Donny and Marie show began on ABC.
(SFC, 11/9/07, p.B7)
1962 Malvina Reynolds
(1900-1978) wrote her song: "Little boxes on the hillside, Little
boxes made of ticky tacky..." She came up with the song when she saw
the housing developments around Daly City, California built in the
post-war era by Henry Doelger, particularly the neighborhood of
Westlake. The song became a hit for her friend Pete Seeger in 1963.
1962 Mary Wells sang "You Beat
me to the Punch."
(SFC, 11/12/02, p.D1)
1962 The Miracles sang "Youve
Really Got a Hold on Me."
(SFC, 11/12/02, p.D1)
1962 Quincy Jones produced the
US debut album of Nana Mouskouri: "The Girl from Greece Sings."
(SFC, 6/4/97, p.E1)
1962 Charles Mingus staged a
performance of his epic "Epitaph," a piece that mixed symphonic tone
poems with brassy big-band jazz. This was the only staging of the
piece during his lifetime and was not a success. It was used in the
1998 film Charles Mingus: Triumph of the Underdog."
(SFEC, 4/12/98, DB p.56)
1962 Bass Player Beverly Peer
(1913-1997) joined singer-pianist Bobby Short.
(SFC, 1/27/97, p.A20)
1962 The Beatles released their
first single: "Love me Do."
(SFEM, 3/9/96, p.20)
1962 Ray Charles made a hit
with "I Cant Stop Loving You."
(SSFC, 7/28/02, Par p.20)
1962 Bob Dylan (b. Robert
Zimmerman May 24, 1941) released his first album Bob Dylan.
Zimmerman legally changed his name to Bob Dylan in this year.
(SFC, 5/29/97, p.A3)(SFC, 9/26/05, C3)(SSFC,
11/20/05, Par p.4)
1962 Pat Boone recorded his hit
(SFEC, 1/26/97 DB, p.40)
1962 Chas Chandler (1939-1996)
helped found the rock group "Animals" along with Hilton Valentine,
Alan Price, John Steel and Eric Burdon.
(SFC, 7/18/96, p.A22)
1962 The Four Seasons with lead
singer Frankie Valli had No. 1 hits with Sherry and Big Girls
(WSJ, 11/2/05, p.D12)
1962 Jerry Garcia, later of the
Grateful Dead, played a 5-string banjo in the bluegrass band The
Hart Valley Drifters," later renamed "The Wildwood Boys."
1962 Mick Jagger and Keith
Richards formed The Rolling Stones in London.
(USAT, 3/24/99, p.5E)
1962 Lou Rawls (1935-2006)
released his 1st solo jazz album Stormy Monday recorded with the
Les McCann Trio.
(AP, 1/6/06)(SFC, 1/6/06, p.B5)
1962 The 1st Van Cliburn Intl.
Piano Competition was held in Fort Worth, Texas.
1962 Danny Thomas founded the
St. Jude Childrens Research Hospital in Memphis, Tenn.
(SSFC, 4/20/03, Par p.5)
1962 The McMath Solar
Observatory at Kitt Peak, Arizona, was completed. It was designed by
architect Myron Goldsmith (1918-1996). He also designed the Oakland
coliseum and the great silver canopy of the SF Bay Bridge toll
plaza. He had studied in Chicago under Ludwig Mies van der Rohe.
(SFC, 7/17/96, A18)
1962 The Dan Ryan freeway
opened along the south side of Chicago. It was named after a late
president of the Cook county Board of Commissioners.
(WSJ, 4/21/06, p.A1)
1962 The TWA terminal at
Idlewild was designed by Eero Saarinen (d.1961).
(Hem., 5/97, p.70)(HNQ, 1/28/01)
1962 The planned community in
Reston, Va., was built.
(SFC, 11/4/98, Z1 p.4)
1962 Time magazine called
Presbyterian Rev. Robert McAfee Brown (d.2001 at 71) "the Catholics
favorite Protestant." His books included "The Spirit of
(SFC, 9/13/01, p.C7)
1962 Jimmy Breslin, columnist
for the New York Herald-Tribune, began a new column based on
day-to-day city events based on conversations and insights and thus
began the style called the New Journalism.
(SFEC, 9/29/96, C15)
1962 Edward Keating (d.2003 at
77) founded Ramparts, a small Catholic magazine that grew to become
a strong voice against the Vietnam War.
(SFC, 4/9/03, p.A31)
1962 Joseph Lyford (1918-1992),
Chicago-born author, studied the inner workings of Vandalia, Ill.,
and published the book-length report The Talk in Vandalia. He
became a journalism teacher in California and died in Orinda, Ca.
1962 Prof. Edward Shils
(d.1995) founded the quarterly journal Minerva. It focused on
science, policy and higher education.
(WSJ, 7/21/97, p.A22)
1962 Yves Saint Laurent
(b.1936), a fashion designer at the house of Dior, founded his own
fashion house. Laurent announced his retirement in 2002.
(SFC, 6/9/98, p.D3)(SFC, 1/8/02, p.A6)
1962 Dr. Helen Glaser (d.1999
at 75) first called public attention to the adolescent problem of
glue sniffing in a paper published by the AMA.
(SFC, 10/7/99, p.C4)
1962 San Franciscos new Lowell
High School campus opened on 27 acres at Eucalyptus Drive off 19th
(SFC, 5/26/12, p.A9)
1962 SF Bay Area property
developer Joseph Eichler constructed a set of 2-story townhouses on
Amber Drive and Amethyst Way in SF.
(SSFC, 2/10/13, p.C4)
1962 Crown Point Press began
operating from a basement art-print shop in Richmond, Ca. It
introduced a whole generation of artists to the art of etching.
"Ink, Paper, Metal, Wood: Painters and Sculptors at Crown Point
Press" by Kathan Brown was published in 1996.
(SFEM, 9/22/96, p.36)(SFC,1/21/97, p.B4)
1962 The Gleneagles Golf Course
was built in McLaren Park by the San Francisco Recreation and Park
Dept. with a design by Jack Fleming.
(SSFC, 2/14/10, p.C1)
1962 Shunryu Suzuki (aka Suzuki
Roshi), a Buddhist priest from Japan, together with his students
founded the San Francisco Zen Center out of a small temple in
Japantown. The group later moved to a brick building in Hayes Valley
designed by Julia Morgan.
(SFC, 3/12/12, p.A1)
1962 The holistic centers of
Esalen, Big Sur, Ca., and Findhorn, northeast Scotland, were
founded. Esalen featured on its faculty in the sixties such people
as: Linus Pauling, Paul Tillich, B.F. Skinner, Virginia Satir,
Carlos Castaneda and Ken Kesey.
(Hem, Mar. 95, p.87)
1962 In Berkeley, Ca., 4
Protestant seminaries formed the Graduate Theological Union. In 1964
theologian John Dillenberger (1918-2008) became its first president.
(SFC, 2/19/08, p.B3)
1962 Ground was broken for the
new Stanford Linear Accelerator Center at Stanford Univ., Ca. Atom
smashing began in 1966. [see Dec 11, 1952] US Congress had approved
funds in 1961. The project was led by Wolfgang K.H. Panofsky
(SFC, 9/30/02, p.A5)(SFC, 9/26/07, p.B7)
1962 Joshua Miner brought the
British Outward Bound program to the US. He studied its principals
with Kurt Hahn, a German refugee who founded the organization In
Britain during WW II as a survival training program or merchant
(WSJ, 7/24/97, p.A1)
1962 The Weatherly, a 12-meter
yacht designed by Philip H. Rhodes (d.1998 at 72) and his father
Philip L. Rhodes, successfully defended the Americas Cup.
(SFC, 5/27/98, p.C3)
1962 Football stars Paul
Hornung and Alex Karras were suspended for gambling on games.
(SFC, 12/7/96, p.A1)
1962 Franklin Mieuli
(1920-2010), SF Bay Area radio and TV producer, brought the Warriors
basketball team from Philadelphia to SF with superstar Wilt
Chamberlain. Mr. Mieuli and 32 partners purchased the Warriors from
Eddie Gottlieb for $850,000. The SF Warriors basketball team chose
the Cow Palace in Daly City, Ca., as its new arena. In 1986 Mieuli
sold his share in the team to Jim Fitzgerald for a reported $16-19
(SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W39)(SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W29)(SFC,
2/28/08, p.A11)(SFC, 4/26/10, p.A8)
1962 Pres. Kennedy signed an
Executive Order maintaining the right of federal employees to join
unions and negotiate on many issues.
(SFC, 10/4/02, p.A17)
1962 The CIA established its
code-named Operation Mongoose spurred by Attorney Genl. Robert
Kennedy to get rid of Fidel Castro.
1962 Military spending this
year rose to $55 billion.
(SSFC, 6/9/02, p.A4)
1962 The Pentagon awarded a $7
billion contract to General Dynamics for the TFX fighter-bomber,
later known as the F-111. It rescued the company from a deep
financial hole and was $400 million more than a bid by Boeing.
(SFC, 11/18/96, p.B7)
1962 The US Supreme Court ruled
in Schempp vs. the Abington School District that the ceremonial
reading of the Bible and prayer in public schools is
(SFC, 8/6/99, p.D4)
1962 A Federal court ruled that
the Hopi have exclusive use of District 6. The remainder of the
reservation became a Joint Use Area (JUA) with the Navajo.
(SFEC, 5/4/97, z1 p.4)
1962 Wolfgang Vogel, East
Berlin lawyer and confidant to Erich Honnecker, secured the release
of US pilot Gary Powers (captured 5/1/60) in exchange for Soviet spy
Rudolf Abel. During his 30-year career he secured the release of
more than 100 agents and helped shepherd nearly 34,000 political
prisoners and 215,000 East Germans to freedom in the West. Powers,
was returned to the West across the Glienicker Bridge in Potsdam,
Germany, after being held for 21 months.
(SFC, 11/30/96, p.A14)(SFEC, 7/27/97, p.T6)
1962 Economist Arthur Okun
(1928-1980) proposed an economic relationship relating unemployment
to losses in a country's production. It came to be know as Okuns
1962 The first chemical
munitions arrived at Oregons Umatilla Chemical Depot and kept
coming until 1969. It was all done in secret.
1962 Augustus F. Hawkins
(1907-2007) of south Los Angeles became the first black person from
California to be elected to the US Congress.
(SFC, 11/13/07, p.D9)
1962 General Electric dropped
Ronald Reagan from his $150,000 per year job as company
representative due to his political views. Reagan switched to the
(SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F6)
1962 Jeane Dixon (1918-1997),
astrologer, told Ronald Reagan that he would someday be president.
(SFEC, 1/26/97, p.B6)
1962 The Virginia General
Assembly declared George Lincoln Rockwells American Nazi Party an
enemy of the state.
(AH, 2/06, p.64)
1962 The SDS (Students for a
Democratic Society) issued its manifesto: "The Port Huron Statement"
that spoke of participatory democracy "as a code word for
socialism." This is described by David Horowitz in his 1997 book
"Radical Son: A Generational Odyssey."
(WSJ, 2/3/97, p.A12)
1962 Roger Murray (d.1998 at
86), economist, worked for the passage of the Keogh Act, which
enabled self-employed people to have tax-deferred pension accounts.
He earlier had originated the individual retirement account (IRA).
(SFC, 4/18/98, p.A20)
1962 The Florida Miccosukee
Indian tribe gained federal recognition after its leaders made a
state visit to Fidel Castro.
(SFC, 12/29/98, p.A4)
1962 American Airlines rolled
out its proprietary computerized reservation system, Sabre.
(Econ, 4/3/04, p.70)
1962 Binney & Smith Inc.,
makers of Crayola crayons, adopted the name "peach" to replace the
(SFC, 7/28/99, p.B12)
1962 The B&O Railroad
merged with the Chesapeake & Ohio and disappeared completely in
(SFEC, 4/25/99, p.T6)
1962 Dow Jones launched the
weekly National Observer, a general interest national newspaper. The
paper closed in 1977 with cumulative losses of $16.2 million.
(WSJ, 8/1/07, p.B6)
1962 Charles Evans (1926-2007)
sold his Evan-Picone fashion house for a small fortune and
reinvented himself as a real estate developer in New Jersey and
Connecticut. In 1981 he produced the film Tootsie.
(WSJ, 6/9/07, p.A6)
1962 Greyhound Corp. bought out
(SFC, 9/12/96, p.A26)
1962 Edwin Traisman
(1915-2007), food researcher for McDonalds, patented a method for
preparing frozen French fried potatoes. In 1968 his associate Ken
Strong patented a method for quick frying cut potatoes before
freezing along with a short steam blanch to preserve sugars and
other flavors. Traisman was instrumental in the development of
Cheese Whiz for Kraft Foods and had bought the first McDonalds
franchise in Madison, Wis., in the late 1950s.
(SFC, 6/9/07, p.B6)
1962 Parker Brothers produced
the TV show board game: Mr. Ed the Talking Horse.
(SFC, 11/30/05, p.G3)
1962 The 1st Jeep Wagoneer, a
precursor to the SUV, ran in a 2-or-4 wheel drive mode.
(WSJ, 9/16/05, p.W12)
1962 Glen Bell Jr. (d.2010 at
86) founded the Taco Bell fast food chain in Downey, Ca. He had
launched Bells Drive-In in 1948 in San Bernadino and later helped
establish Taco Tias in Los Angeles, El Tacos in the Long Beach area
and the Der Wienerschnitzel hot dog chain. In 1978 he sold his 868
Taco Bell restaurants to PepsiCo for $125 million in stock.
(SFC, 1/19/10, p.C4)
1962 The Stauffer Chemical Co.
began buying the Iron Mountain mine in northern California.
Stauffers was later bought by the French firm Rhone Poulenc.
1962 The Studebaker car company
went into bankruptcy. A little money left over went into the design
and production of a few hundred Avanti sports cars.
(WSJ, 6/13/96, p.A12)
1962 Sam Walton of Bentonville,
Ark., founder of Wal-Mart (1950), started his Wal-Mart discount
chain. It became America's biggest retailer in 1990. In 2004 Liza
Featherstone authored Selling Women Short: The Landmark Battle for
Workers Rights at Wal-Mart. In 2006 Charles Fishman authored The
Wal-Mart Effect: How the Worlds Most Powerful Company Really Works
And How Its Transforming the American Economy and Anthony Bianco
authored The Bully of Bentonville: How the High Cost of Wal-Marts
Everyday Low Prices is Hurting America.
(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R42)(Econ, 9/11/04, p.62)(Econ,
2/25/06, p.80, 85)
1962 Sears, the Chicago-based
retailer, hired film star Vincent Price to pick art pieces and serve
as spokesman for selling its Vincent price Collection of Fine Art.
(WSJ, 8/23/05, p.D8)
1962 The S.S. France cruise
ship entered transatlantic service.
(SFEC, 1/17/99, p.T12)
1962 Union Oil of California
(Unocal) introduced a large orange ball to display its 76 logo at
West Coast gas stations. The balls started coming down in 2003.
(WSJ, 1/20/07, p.A9)
1962 AT&T Bell Labs
scientists invented the communications satellite.
(WSJ, 9/22/95, p.A-7)
1962 Corning Inc. invented an
ultra-strong glass. In 1964 it developed a method called fusion
draw to manufacture what it called Gorilla glass. It only found
strong commercial use with the development of LCDs for laptop
computers and TVs.
(SFC, 8/2/10, p.D3)
1962 Nick Holonyak Jr., an
engineer for General Electric, built the first light-emitting diode
(LED). GE patented the discovery.
(WSJ, 6/8/06, p.B6)(Econ, 9/23/06, TQ p.26)
1962 Charles Molnar (1935-1996)
and Wesley A. Clark led a team that developed a machine widely
considered as the first personal computer. They made the Laboratory
Instrument Computer (LINC) intended for doctors and medical
researchers. It was self-contained with a simple operating system.
It has a small display and used magnetic tape for storing programs.
(SFC, 12/16/96, p.A24)
1962 The first radar signals
were bounced off of the sun's surface and provided accurate figures
for geometrical measurements of the solar system.
(I&I, Penzias, p.179)
1962 NASA ended its Mercury 13
program. In 2003 Martha Ackermann authored "The Mercury 13: The
Untold Story of the Thirteen American Women and the Dream of Space
(SSFC, 6/15/03, p.M4)
1962 Ross Perot founded
Electronic Data Systems (EDS). The company pioneered the business of
outsourced data management. In 1984 Perot sold the firm to General
Motors. GM spun it off in 1996. In 2008 Hewlett-Packard acquired EDS
for $13.9 billion.
(Econ, 5/17/08, p.78)
1962 Steve Russell at the
Massachusetts Institute of Technology created "Spacewar!", one of
the earliest video games for a digital computer.
1962 Walter Annenberg, owner of
the Philadelphia Enquirer, established the M.L. Annenberg School for
Communication at the Univ. of Pennsylvania.
(SFC, 10/2/02, p.A2)
1962 Kohls discount department
store was founded in Wisconsin. The company went public in 1992 and
by 2009 it counted 1,059 stores nationwide, including 121 in
(SFC, 8/5/09, p.C1)
1962 John Glenn went into space
for three orbits under the Mercury space program. He was able to
circle the Earth in 100 minutes. In case of mishap the Kennedy
administration had ready a plan called "Operation Dirty Trick" to
blame any disaster on Fidel Castro.
(TMC, 1994, p.1962)(Hem., 2/96, p.43)(SFC,
3/10/97, p.A16)(SFC,11/19/97, p.A4)
1962 Frank Drake (b.1930),
American astronomer, formulated a calculation, the Drake equation,
for the likelihood of establishing contact with aliens.
1962 Arnold Friedman led the
group that compiled "Classification of Headache."
(WSJ, 6/17/96, p.A1)
1962 Dr. Robert Good (d.2003 at
81) identified the thymus gland as a primary source for the body's
(SFC, 6/19/03, p.A1)
1962 The drug thalidomide
crippled thousands of babies.
(TMC, 1994, p.1962)
1962 Herpes was reported to
have been transmitted by an accidental needle stick.
(SFC, 4/13/98, p.A6)
1962 Sep 13, Pres. John F.
Kennedy signed a bill into law creating the Point Reyes National
Seashore. Boyd Stewart, a Marin, Ca., cattleman, helped create the
Point Reyes National Seashore on 70,000 acres of grassland.
1/1/05, p.A14)(SSFC, 5/19/13, p.A2)
1962 A fire broke out in a
garbage dump above an abandoned coal mine in Centralia, Pen. The
property had been deeded to the town in 1954 for $1. The fire spread
and burned for years. In 1983 US Congress approved $42 million to
help the residents move, and by 2005 only about a dozen residents
remained. In 2007 Joan Quigley authored The Day the Earth Caved In:
An American Mining Tragedy.
(WSJ, 4/17/07, p.D6)
1962 A fire at the Golden Hotel
in Reno, Nev., claimed 6 lives.
1962 Rex Bell, cowboy film
star, died. His wife was Clara Bow.
(SFC, 6/1/01, p.C11)
1962 Elbert Botts (b.1893),
Caltrans chemist, died. He invented the "Botts dots," highway lane
markers that were first installed in California in 1966.
(SFC, 1/18/97, p.A15)
1962 Michael Dillon, born in
England in 1915 as Laura Dillon, died in Dalhousie, India. He was
the 1st person to undergo a successful female-to-male sex change
(1946-1949). In the 1950s he fell in love with Roberta Cowell, a
pre-operative male-to-female. In 2007 Pagan Kennedy authored The
first Man-Made Man: The Story of Two Sex Changes, One Love Affair
and a Twentieth-Century Medical Revolution.
(SSFC, 3/18/07, p.M3)
1962 Robinson Jeffers (b.1887),
poet, died. In 2001 Tim Hunt edited "Selected Poetry of Robinson
(SFC, 4/22/01, BR p.1)
1962 Morris Louis (b.1912),
(SFC, 7/31/01, p.B5)
1962 Marilyn Monroe died of an
overdose of sleeping pills.
(TMC, 1994, p.1962)
1962 Eleanor Roosevelt, wife of
former president Franklin Roosevelt, died.
(USAT, 6/28/96, p.13A)
1962 Al Tomaini, an
8-foot-4-inch circus performer and husband to Jeanie Tomaini, billed
as the "Worlds Only Living Half Woman," died.
(WSJ, 1/23/97, p.A12)
1962 Bruno Walter (b1876),
conductor, died in Beverly Hills. He published his autobiography
"Theme and Variations" in 1946. In 2001 Erik Ryding and Rebecca
Pechefsky authored the biography "Bruno Walter: A World Elsewhere."
(WSJ, 8/16/01, p.A12)
1962 Abu Dhabi began exporting
the oil it just discovered off its shores.
1962 A gas fire in Algeria
called The Devils Cigarette Lighter had burned for 6 months until
it was put out by Texas firefighter Red Adair (1915-2004).
(Econ, 8/14/04, p.78)
1962 Adolph Eichmann, the Nazi
war criminal, was nabbed in Argentina by Peter Malkin in 1960 and
taken to Israel where he was tried, found guilty and hung.
(SFEC, 11/3/96, Par p.13)
1962 Australia granted
Aborigines the right to vote.
(Econ, 5/7/05, Survey p.14)
1962 In the Bahamas Huntington
Harford, A&P supermarket heir, persuaded the authorities to
rename Hog Island, across the bay from Nassau, to Paradise Island.
(WSJ, 7/1/98, p.A1)
1962 In Britain the Federation
of Student Islamic Societies (FOSIS) was formed.
(Econ, 1/9/10, p.61)
1962 In Britain John Vassal
(1925-1996), an Admiralty clerk, was arrested for spying. He had
been blackmailed into spying as an attaché in Moscow in 1955 with
sex photographs with 2-3 men. The scandal helped to end the
career of Prime Minister Harold Macmillan.
(SFC, 12/6/96, p.B8)
1962 In Britain Investigative
reporter Peter Earle (d.1997 at 71) uncovered the call-girl ring run
by osteopath Stephen Ward. The investigation snowballed into the
Profumo scandal that revealed Minister of War, John Profumo,
involved in an affair with Christine Keeler, who was conducting a
simultaneous affair with a Soviet military attaché. The scandal
brought down the government of Prime minister Harold Macmillan. The
events were dramatized in the film "Scandal."
(SFEC, 4/27/97, p.B8)
1962 Denys Fisher, an English
inventor, made a tool to help draw waves for scientific use, but it
was not adopted. His family thought it would a good toy for children
and in 1965 it was made into a kit and showed at an intl. toy show.
Kenner bought the toy and sold it as the Spirograph.
(SFC, 10/17/07, p.G2)
1962 Burma under military rule
established the Printers and Publishers Registration Act. It
threatened loss of license for threats to peace and security and
harm to the reputation of a government department.
(Econ, 8/25/12, p.32)
1962 Burundi gained
independence from Belgium. The United Nations trust territory of
Ruanda-Urundi in east-central Africa was divided into the
independent nations of Rwanda and Burundi. Prior to WWI the kingdoms
of Ruanda and Urundi were made part of German East Africa, which was
conquered by British and Belgian troops during WWI and became a
Belgian mandate in 1923.
(SFEC, 1/12/97, p.A12)(HNQ, 11/4/99)
1962 The Intl. Court of
Justice awarded the Preah Vihear temple, located on the
Cambodia-Thai border, to Cambodia, but did not specify where the
border should be drawn.
(Econ, 7/26/08, p.47)
1962 In Ontario, Canada, the
town of Niagara-on-the-Lake began its Shaw festival, producing plays
written during George Bernard Shaws lifetime, i.e. 1856-1950.
(WSJ, 8/29/97, p.A9)
1962 Chinese immigrants began
to arrive in Northern Ireland. By 1996 they began experiencing
racial prejudice and violence against their businesses, mostly in
the form of robberies.
(SFC, 6/30/96, A11)
1962 Cuban bassist Israel Lopez
(1918-2008), known as Cachao, left Cuba for Spain and soon
relocated to NYC, where he performed with leading Latin bands.
(SSFC, 3/23/08, p.A2)
1962 Estonia convicted US
resident Karl Linnas in absentia of being a Nazi war criminal and
sentenced him to death.
1962 In France a museum was
added to the Chateau Mouton Rothschild. It housed a priceless
collection of artwork related to wine.
(SFEC, 2/1/98, p.T4)
1962 In France Paul Louis
Halley (1934-2003) opened his first supermarket under the Promodes
name. Following major acquisitions in 1988, 1996 and 1997 Promodes
merged with rival Carrefour (1999) and took its name.
(WSJ, 4/15/08, p.B2)
1962 Aribert Heim (48) was
charged by German authorities with killing hundreds of concentration
inmates in Germany and Austria with lethal injections. He is thought
to have evaded capture in Germany, Argentina, Denmark, Brazil and
Spain. During WW II Heim earned the nickname of "Dr. Death" for
experimenting on inmates at the Buchenwald and Mauthausen camps. In
1979 Heim was indicted in Germany in absentia on hundreds of counts
of murder. In 2005 he was tracked to Spain. In 2009 new information
indicated that he had died in Egypt in 1992.
(AP, 10/15/05)(AP, 2/5/09)
1962 In Greece the Derveni
Papyrus, originally several yards of papyrus rolled around two
wooden runners, was found half burnt. It dates to around 340 BC,
during the reign of Philip II of Macedon, father of Alexander the
Great. The Derveni grave, about five miles northwest of
Thessaloniki, was part of a rich cemetery belonging to the ancient
city of Lete.
1962 The US Peace Corps began
operating in Honduras.
1962 In Ireland the Dubliners
folk band formed in the Dublin pub O'Donoghue's. The founders
included Barney McKenna (1939-2012), Ronnie Drew (d.2008), Ciaran
Bourke (d.1988) and Luke Kelly (d.1984).
1962 In Dublin Gay Byrne began
hosting "The Late Late Show" on the new state run RTE TV station.
Byrne retired after 37 years.
(SFC, 5/22/99, p.A14)
1962 In Italy valuables
stripped from Jews during the war were moved to a vault in central
(SFC, 2/3/97, p.C3)
1962 Ryoichi Sasakawa (d.1995),
billionaire boat racing tycoon, founded a foundation to support
Japanese nationalistic projects. It came to be called the Nippon
(WSJ, 2/15/05, p.A11)
1962 Oceanographers sailed to
view the predicted eruption of Myojin, an undersea volcano south of
Japan. It blew beneath them and nobody survived.
(SFEC, 9/10/00, Z1 p.2)
1962 The Japanese film
Harakiri starred Tatsuya Nakadai and was directed by Masaki
(WSJ, 7/2/08, p.B13)
1962 The film "Sanjuro"
(Tsubaki sanjuro) starred Toshiro Mifune. It was directed by Akira
(SFC,12/26/97, p.C3)(SFC, 9/7/98, p.A21)
1962 Kuwait passed a law
requiring women to get their husband's signature to obtain a
1962 The first constitution of
Morocco was ratified. It guaranteed freedom of the press and
religion and created an elected legislature. Article 19 of the
constitution enshrined the kings role as Commander of the Faithful.
(SFC, 7/24/99, p.A9)(Econ, 6/18/11, p.52)
1962 In Russia Alexander Lebed
(12) recalled seeing troops shoot striking laborers while growing up
in Novocherkassk. Workers there protested against falling wages and
rising prices with placards that read: Cut up Khrushchev for
(SFC, 10/18/96, A15)(Econ, 4/15/06, p.85)
1962 Rwanda established
independence from Belgium. The Hutu majority leadership clung to
giant money-losing state enterprises, while the Tutsi minority
established itself in the private sector and made better livings.
The United Nations trust territory of Ruanda-Urundi in east-central
Africa was divided into the independent nations of Rwanda and
Burundi. Prior to WWI the kingdoms of Ruanda and Urundi were made
part of German East Africa, which was conquered by British and
Belgian troops during WWI and became a Belgian mandate in 1923.
(SFC, 1/27/98, p.A8)(HNQ, 11/4/99)
1962 In Tibet the Panchem Lama,
senior Buddhist cleric after the Dalai Lama, issued a 120-page
report that described conditions in Tibet under Chinese control:
"The 70,000 Character Petition." He described starvation due to the
Chinese "Great leap Forward" program when authorities confiscated
the nomads food reserves. The Panchem Lama was arrested and sent to
Beijing for rehabilitation [for 14 years] until 1988.
(SFEC, 10/7/96, A12)(SFC, 2/12/98, p.A12)
1962 The Chinese exacted
control over western Tibet and many nomad refugees fled to Ladakh.
Only 70 of Tibets 2,500 Buddhist monasteries remained.
(SFEC,12/14/97, p.T4)(SFC, 2/12/98, p.A12)
1962 Venezuelas Pres. Romulo
Bettancourt announced the cessation of oil exploration concessions
to private companies. His energy minister became OPECs founder.
(WSJ, 1/05/00, p.A11)
1962-1963 Merv Griffin hosted the daytime talk
show The Merv Griffin Show.
(WSJ, 8/15/07, p.D12)
1962-1963 Ahmed Ben Bella, Algerian statesman,
served as prime minister. He served as president from 1963 to 1965.
1962-1965 The Second Vatican Council was held. It
had a reforming spirit, ecumenical openness and democratic impulses.
Rev. Francis X. Murphy (d.2002) covered the Vatican Council. In 1963
he published "Letters from Vatican City: Vatican Council II." In
1968 he published "Vatican Council II," a history of the council.
(SFC, 8/15/96, p.A3)(SFC, 4/16/02, p.A18)
1962-1967 Lawrence Halprin served as the master
designer for the Sea Ranch development at the Rancho del Mar sheep
ranch on the Northern California coast. His proposal for the FDR
Monument in Washington was accepted in 1974. Sea Ranch was completed
in 1998 with 1,600 homes on 4,000 acres. In 2004 Donlyn Lyndon and
Jim Alinder authored The Sea Ranch. Developer and architect Alfred
Boeke (1923-2011) hired Halprin for the project.
(SFEM, 8/10/97, p.31)(SSFC, 5/23/04, p.M6)(SFC,
1962-1970 Ivan Allen Jr. (d.2003 at 92) served as
mayor of Atlanta following the retirement of William Hartsfield.
Allen desegregated city government the day he took office.
(SFC, 7/3/03, p.A25)
1962-1971 US military tanker planes and
helicopters sprayed 20 million gallons of Agent Orange and other
defoliants in Operation Ranch Hand to deny cover to communist
forces. The defoliants were contaminated with TCDD, the most
dangerous form of dioxin. In 2004 Philip Jones Griffith,
photojournalist, authored "Agent Orange: Collateral Damage in
(SFC, 5/17/01, p.A12)(Econ, 1/31/04, p.82)
1962-1972 In Vietnam giant US tanker planes
sprayed millions of gallons of Agent Orange on the once lush DMZ in
order to eradicate the enemys jungle cover. Some 12 million gallons
of Agent Orange were sprayed over parts of southern and central
Vietnam from 1961-1971. The total included some 375 pounds of
dioxin. In 1998 a nationwide survey was planned to count the
victims. American involvement in the Vietnam War was analyzed by
H.R. McMaster In his 1997 book: "Dereliction of Duty: Lyndon
Johnson, Robert McNamara, the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the Lies
that Led to Vietnam." Agent Orange used dioxins as the active
ingredient in the herbicide. Anti-war activist Jane Fonda at one
point laid nude in a rice field near Sacramento and California
Republican Assembly leader Charles J. Conrad (d.1998) suggested
spraying defoliants on her.
(WSJ,2/12/97, p.A1)(SFC, 10/13/97, p.A23)(SFC,
1/22/98, p.E4)(SFC, 7/25/98, p.A10)
1962-1973 In 2001 the Pentagon began to publicly
release details on the existence of Project SHAD and its umbrella
program, Project 112, which involved distribution of nonlethal
bacteria and occasionally real chemical or biological weapons. In
2008 the US Defense Department said 6,440 service members took part
in 50 tests under Project 112 during this period, including open-air
tests above a half-dozen US states. Defense officials essentially
closed the books on Project 112 in 2003.
1962-1973 In Utah the Deseret Test Center
conducted 46 chemical warfare exercises at Fort Douglas.
(SFC, 11/1/02, p.A3)
1962-1975 A 13 year effort in Mozambique finally
succeeded in eliminating the Portuguese colonists.
(WSJ, 3/21/96, p.A-11)
1962-1978 Zubin Mehta served as music director of
the Los Angeles Philharmonic.
(SFC, 1/6/98, p.D1)
1962-1988 Genl. Ne Win ruled over Burma. During
his rule he periodically reorganized the government with a purge
where powerful opponents were either jailed or banished.