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There was much turmoil in the world during 1962, and the need for foreign diplomats created a need for diplomacy graduate degree programs to aid in producing such individuals.
1962 Jan 1, Samoa became independent from New Zealand. Malietoa Tanumafili II nursed Samoa to independence and presided as head of state jointly for 16 months and thereafter on his own for 43 years.
(www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/1842.htm)(SFCM, 10/14/01, p.45)(Econ, 5/26/07, p.101)
1962 Jan 3, Pope John XXIII excommunicated Fidel Castro.
1962 Jan 4, The 1st automated (unmanned) subway train ran in NYC.
1962 Jan 10, Eruptions on Mount Huascaran in Peru destroyed 7 villages and killed 3,500.
1962 Jan 12, The United States resumed aid to the Laotian regime.
1962 Jan 13, Ernie Kovacs (b.1919), comedian and TV star, died at age 42 in a car crash in west Los Angeles. ''Nothing in moderation'' was his credo and appeared on his epitaph.
1962 Jan 16, R.H. Tawney (b.1880), English economic historian, died. His books include “Equality” (1931). It was here that he wrote “Freedom for the pike is death to the minnows.”
1962 Jan 18, The U.S. sprayed foliage with pesticide in South Vietnam, in order to reveal the whereabouts of Vietcong guerrillas.
1962 Jan 21, Snow fell in the SF Bay Area and accumulated to about 3 inches in Daly City and San Francisco. This was the heaviest local snowfall since 1887.
(SFC, 2/23/11, p.A10)(SSFC, 1/22/12, DB p.42)
1962 Jan 23, British spy Kim Philby defected to USSR.
1962 Jan 23, Jackie Robinson (1919-1972) became the first African-American elected to Baseball Hall of Fame.
1962 Jan 26, Bishop Burke of Buffalo Catholic dioceses declared Chubby Checker's "Twist" is impure & banned it from all Catholic schools.
1962 Jan 26, The United States launched Ranger 3 to land scientific instruments on the moon, but the probe missed its target by some 22,000 miles.
1962 Jan 26, Charles "Lucky" Luciano (65), NYC Mafia gangster, died.
1962 Jan 27, The SF Bay Area hosted the Chubby Checker Twist Party at the Cow Palace. 17,000 fans made it the 1st big rock concert in Bay Area history.
(SFC, 1/26/02, p.D1)
1962 Jan 28, Elliot Joslin (b.1869), American pioneering diabetes researcher, died. He had argued that controlling the level of glucose in a person’s bloodstream was the key to managing type 2 diabetes.
1962 Jan 30, Two members of the "Flying Wallendas" high-wire act were killed when their seven-person pyramid collapsed during a performance in Detroit.
1962 Jan 31, At the Eighth Meeting of Consultation of Ministers of Foreign Affairs of the OAS, held in Punta del Este, Uruguay, ministers suspended Cuba’s membership.
(www.cidh.oas.org/countryrep/Cuba79eng/intro.htm)(Econ, 4/11/09, p.34)
1962 Jan, The US Navy SEAL (Sea Air Land) force was formed with personnel from underwater demolition teams.
1962 Jan, In Paris a series of bombings began and continued thru February by hardline soldiers opposed to Algeria’s independence, the Organization of the Secret Army (OAS).
(Econ, 2/18/12, ILp.15)
1962 Feb 3, President John F. Kennedy banned all trade with Cuba except for food & drugs.
1962 Feb 4, Russian newspaper Izvestia reported baseball is an old Russian game.
1962 Feb 5, French President Charles De Gaulle called for Algeria's independence.
1962 Feb 5, Sun, Moon, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn aligned within a 16 degree arc.
1962 Feb 5, Jacques Ibert (71), French composer (Escales), died.
1962 Feb 7, Sam Snead won the LPGA Royal Poinciano Plaza Golf Invitational.
1962 Feb 7, President Kennedy began the blockade of Cuba.
1962 Feb 8, The U.S. Defense Department reported the creation of the Military Assistance Command in South Vietnam.
1962 Feb 9, An agreement was signed to make Jamaica an independent nation within the British Commonwealth later in the year.
1962 Feb 10, The Soviet Union exchanged captured American U2 pilot Francis Gary Powers for Rudolph Ivanovich Abel, a Soviet spy held by the United States.
1962 Feb 12, Pres. Kennedy commuted the death sentence of Jimmie Henderson, a Navy seaman, to confinement for life.
1962 Feb 12, A bus boycott started in Macon, Georgia.
1962 Feb 14, First lady Jacqueline Kennedy conducted a televised tour of the White House.
1962 Feb 16, Todd Gitlin (b.1943), Harvard activist, helped organize a national anti-war rally in Washington, DC. Some 8,000 students turned up. Boston SANE & the fledgling SDS organized the first anti-nuclear march.
(www.peacebuttons.info/new/E-News/peacehistoryfebruary.htm#february16)(Econ, 2/18/12, p.15)
1962 Feb 17, Beach Boys introduced a new musical style with their hit "Surfin."
1962 Feb 17, Bruno Walter (85), symphony conductor (NY Philharmonic), died.
1962 Feb 18, Robert F. Kennedy said that U.S. troops would stay in Vietnam until Communism was defeated.
1962 Feb 18, France & Algerian Moslems negotiated a truce to end 7 year war. [see Mar 18]
1962 Feb 20, U.S. Marine Lieutenant Colonel John H. Glenn, Jr., became the first American to orbit the earth. Launched from Cape Canaveral, Fla., Glenn made three 90-minute orbits of the earth in Friendship 7, radioing down to Earth, "Oh, that view is tremendous!" The mission also provided important information about what it was like for an astronaut to be weightless for a long period of time. When the ship's automatic altitude control system began to fail, Glenn, a decorated World War II pilot, took manual control for the rest of the flight. During Friendship 7's approach to Earth, Glenn saw some flaming material breaking off the capsule, but the parachute opened and the capsule landed safely in the Atlantic Ocean. It was some time later that NASA mission control determined that the sparks were crystallized water vapor released by Friendship 7's air-conditioning system. Friendship 7's flight lasted four hours and 56 minutes.
(AP, 2/19/98)(HNPD, 2/20/99)(MC, 2/20/02)
1962 Feb 22, A Soviet bid for new Geneva arms talks was turned down by the U.S.
1962 Feb 24, New York police seized $20 million worth of heroin.
1962 Feb 25, Maria Ludovica De Angelis (b.1880) died in Argentina. She helped expand hospital services for children. In 2004 she was beatified by Pope John Paul VI.
1962 Feb 26, Arthur Kopit's "Oh, Dad, Poor Dad..." premiered in NYC.
1962 Feb 26, Wilt Chamberlain of NBA Philadelphia Warriors scored 67 points vs. New York.
1962 Feb 26, US Supreme court disallowed race separation on public transportation.
1962 Feb 26, After becoming the first American to orbit the Earth, John Glenn told a joint meeting of Congress, "Exploration and the pursuit of knowledge have always paid dividends in the long run."
1962 Feb 27, South Vietnamese president Ngo Dinh Diem was unharmed as two planes bombed the presidential palace in Saigon. The 1st US national was killed. Although Diem had shortcomings as a leader, he had led South Vietnam for eight years and at the time of his death was attempting to deal with Buddhist factionalism.
(HN, 2/27/98)(MC, 2/27/02)
1962 Feb, The Joint Chiefs of Staff and Deputy Defense Sec. Roswell Gilpatric approved a plan to "lure or provoke Castro, or an uncontrollable subordinate, into an overt hostile reaction against the US."
(SFC, 1/30/98, p.A12)
1962 Feb, The UN’s Intergovernmental Committee, the governing body of the World Food Program (WFP), held its first session. Addeke Boerma was appointed as WFP's first Executive Director in April.
(Econ, 3/20/10, p.52)(www.wfp.org/about/corporate-information/history)
1962 Feb, An organization of African states was established by leaders of 20 nations meeting in Lagos, Nigeria.
(PCh, 1992, p.983)
1962 Mar 1, A US Army memorandum was put out titled "Possible Actions to Provoke, Harass or Disrupt Cuba."
1962 Mar 1, US-British nuclear test experiment took place in Nevada.
1962 Mar 1, The first Kmart, a 60,000-sq.-ft. store, opened in Garden City, Mich. It was originally know as Kresge's, a five and dime store founded in 1899. The company was modernized under Harry B. Cunningham and re-opened as Kmart less than 30 miles from Kresge's headquarters in downtown Detroit.
1962 Mar 1, American Airlines 707 plunged nose 1st into Jamaica Bay, NY, killing 95.
1962 Mar 1, Uganda became a self-governing country under PM Benedicto Kiwanuka.
1962 Mar 2, Jon Bon Jovi (John Bongiovi) was born. (singer, musician, songwriter: You Give Love a Bad Name, Living on a Prayer)
(HC, Internet, 2/3/98)
1962 Mar 2, Wilt "The Stilt" Chamberlain (d.1999 at 63) scored 100 points and broke an NBA record as the Philadelphia Warriors beat the New York Knicks 169-147 in Hershey Pa. before 4,124 fans. Chamberlain broke NBA marks for the most field goal attempts (63), most field goals made (36), most free throws made (28), most points in a half (59), most field goal attempts in a half (37), most field goals made in a half (22), and most field goal attempts in one quarter (21). The 316 total points scored tied an NBA record. The basketball used for the game was stolen by Kerry Ryman (14) after he shook Chamberlain’s hand. Ryman’s ball was auctioned in 2000 for $551,844.
(HC, Internet, 2/3/98)(SFC, 10/13/99, p.A13)(SFC, 4/29/00, p.A2)
1962 Mar 2, JFK announced US will resume above ground nuclear testing.
1962 Mar 3, British Antarctic Territory was formed.
1962 Mar 4, AEC announced 1st atomic power plant in Antarctica in operation.
1962 Mar 5, The US Supreme Court in Griggs v. Allegheny County ruled that airports must compensate people living in the near vicinity for noise and vibrations.
1962 Mar 5, California Lt. Gov. Glenn Anderson said Alcatraz should be abandoned as a prison site and the island turned into a “place of culture and recreation.”
(SSFC, 3/4/12, DBp.42)
1962 Mar 6, US promised Thailand assistance against "communist" aggression.
1962 Mar 9, US "advisors" in South-Vietnam joined the fight.
1962 Mar 9, Egyptian Pres. Nasser declared Gaza belongs to Palestinians.
1962 Mar 10, The Phillies baseball club left the Jack Tar Harrison Hotel due to its refusal to admit black players, and moved to Rocky Point Motel, 20 miles outside Clearwater, Florida.
1962 Mar 13, John F. Kennedy met Cameroon President Ahmadou Ahidjo.
1962 Mar 13, The US Joint Chiefs of Staff endorsed a series of ideas as "suitable for planning purposes" aimed at discrediting Fidel Castro.
1962 Mar 15, Richard Rodger's musical "No Strings," premiered in NYC for 580 performances.
1962 Mar 15, A US Lockheed Super H Constellation disappeared above the Pacific Ocean and 107 people were killed. The aircraft was transporting 93 Army men and 3 South Vietnamese from Travis Air Force Base, California to Saigon, Vietnam. It was en route to Clark Air Base in the Philippines when it disappeared.
(SSFC, 3/11/12, DBp.42)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flying_Tiger_Line_Flight_739)
1962 Mar 17, Moscow asked the U.S. to pull out of South Vietnam.
1962 Mar 18, France and Algerian rebels agreed to a truce, which took effect the next day.
(HN, 3/18/98)(AP, 3/18/08)
1962 Mar 19, Relative calm returned to Algeria after cease-fire, ending 7 years of warfare between French and Algerian Nationalists.
1962 Mar 20, C. Wright Mills (45), US sociologist (Power Elite), died.
1962 Mar 21, A female black bear was taken aboard a B-58 bomber out of Edwards Air Force Base in California, flown up to 35,000 feet at a supersonic speed of 850 miles per hour, and ejected from the bomber in a specially made capsule. She landed safely, and became the first living creature to survive a parachute jump from a plane flying faster than sound.
1962 Mar 21, Dutch RC Bishop Willem Bekkers declared himself in favor of birth control. The church in the Netherlands tried to promote a more liberal view of birth control. But their view did not prevail.
1962 Mar 23, Pres. John F. Kennedy visited San Francisco and spoke at UC Berkeley on the 100th anniversary of the Morrill Act. “For this university and so many other universities across our country owe their birth to the most extraordinary piece of legislation this country has ever adopted, and that is the Morrill Act, signed by President Abraham Lincoln in the darkest and most uncertain days of the Civil War, which set before the country the opportunity to build the great land grant colleges of which this is so distinguished a part. Six years later this university obtained its Charter.”
1962 Mar 23, William DeWitt bought the Cincinnati Reds for $4,625,000.
1962 Mar 24, Emile Griffith knocked out Benny Paret (b.1937) in the 12th round at Madison Square Garden. 10 days later on April 3 Paret died from the beating. Referee Ruby Goldstein was blamed by many for not stopping the fight soon enough.
(www.ringsidereport.com/vitotrabucco972004.htm)(SFC, 4/20/05, p.E1)
1962 Mar 25, French OAS-leader ex-general Jouhaud was arrested.
1962 Mar 25, Auguste Piccard (78), Swiss explorer, balloonist, died.
1962 Mar 26, The U.S. Supreme Court in Baker vs. Carr gave federal courts the power to order reapportionment of seats in a state legislature, a decision that eventually led to the doctrine of "one man, one vote." It arose from a Tennessee case in which Carr was the state attorney general.
(AP, 3/26/02)(SFC, 8/1/03, p.A27)
1962 Mar 28, The U.S. Air Force announced research into the use of lasers to intercept missiles and satellites.
1962 Mar 29, Jack Paar hosted NBC's "Tonight" show for the final time. He was succeeded by Johnny Carson (Oct 1) who stayed to 1992.
(SFEC, 2/23/96, z-1 p.2)(AP, 3/29/97)
1962 Mar 29, Cuba opened the trial of the Bay of Pigs invaders.
1962 Mar 30, M.C. Hammer, [Stanley Kirk Burrell], rapper (Hammer Time), was born in Oakland, Ca.
1962 Mar 31, Cesar Chavez (d.1993) founded the United Farm Workers Union on his birthday.
(SSFC, 4/7/02, p.A14)
1962 Mar, Army commander Ne Win staged a coup against a civilian government and took over control of Burma.
(SFC, 5/22/96, p.C-1)(SFC,12/31/97, p.A10)(AP, 4/10/04)
1962 Apr 3, Manolis Kalomiris (78), Greek opera composer, died.
1962 Apr 5, Herb Gardner's "Thousand Clowns," premiered in NYC.
1962 Apr 5, NASA civilian pilot Neil A. Armstrong took the X-15 to 54,600 m.
1962 Apr 5, St. Bernard Tunnel was finished and Swiss and Italians workers shook hands.
1962 Apr 8, The Bay of Pigs invaders got thirty years imprisonment in Cuba.
1962 Apr 9, In the 34th Academy Awards "West Side Story," Sophia Loren and Maximilian Schell won.
1962 Apr 9, JFK threw out the 1st ball at Washington's new DC Stadium.
1962 Apr 13, US steel industry was forced to give up price increases.
1962 Apr 16, Walter Cronkite succeeded Douglas Edwards as anchorman of "The CBS Evening News."
1962 Apr 16, Brazil nationalized US businesses.
1962 Apr 20, New Orleans Citizens Committee gave a free one-way ride to blacks to move North.
1962 Apr 20, NASA civilian pilot Neil A. Armstrong took the X-15 to 63,250 m.
1962 Apr 20, The Secret Army Organization (OAS) leader and ex-general Salan was arrested in Algiers.
(MC, 4/20/02)(PCh, 1992, p.984)
1962 Apr 24, The Massachusetts Institute of Technology achieved the first satellite relay of a television signal, between Camp Parks, Ca., and Westford, Mass.
1962 Apr 25, Operation Dominic began with a test blast on Christmas Island. The operation was a series of 105 nuclear test explosions conducted in 1962 and 1963 by the United States. Those conducted in the Pacific are sometimes called Dominic I. The blasts in Nevada are known as Dominic II.
1962 Apr 25, U.S. Ranger spacecraft crash landed on the Moon.
1962 Apr 29, In the 16th Tony Awards: Man For All Seasons and How to Succeed won.
1962 Apr 30, Milton Obote took over as prime minister of Uganda.
1962 Apr, Jean-Claude Forest (d.1998) created the 41st century Barbarella sci-fi comic character for V Magazine. It was censored in France and barred from advertising or sale to minors until the early 1970s.
(SFC, 1/2/99, p.C2)
1962 Apr, Bob Dylan gave his first public performance of “Blowin’ in the Wind” at Gerdy’s Folk City in the West Village.
(Econ, 2/18/12, ILp.14)
1962 May 2, OAS struck in Algeria.
1962 May 3, William A, Eddy (b.1896), former US minister to Saudi Arabia (1944-1946), died. In 2008 Thomas W. Lippman authored “Arabian Knight: Colonel Bill Eddy, USMC, and the Rise of American Power in the Middle East.”
(Econ, 11/8/08, p.102)
1962 May 5, The West Side Story soundtrack album went to #1 and stayed #1 for 54 weeks, more than 20 weeks longer than any other album.
1962 May 6, In the first test of its kind, the submerged submarine USS Ethan Allen fired a Polaris missile armed with a nuclear warhead that detonated above the Pacific Ocean.
(AP, 5/6/97)(HN, 5/6/98)
1962 May 6, Pathet Lao broke cease fire and conquered Nam Tha Laos.
1962 May 7, A Pulitzer prize was awarded to Theodore H. White (Making of President).
1962 May 8, The Stephen Sondheim musical comedy "A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum" opened at the Alvin Theater in NYC for 965 performances.
(AP, 5/8/97)(SFEC, 5/31/98, BR p.6)(MC, 5/8/02)
1962 May 8, London trolley buses went out of service.
1962 May 9, A laser beam was successfully bounced off Moon for the first time.
1962 May 11, US sent troops to Thailand.
1962 May 12, Dick Calkins, co-author of Buck Rogers, died at 67.
(SC, Internet, 5/12/97)
1962 May 13, Franz Kline (b.1910), American painter of abstract expressionist style, died of a heart attack in NYC. He was known for dramatic, easy-to-recognize pictures of big black slashes against snowy backgrounds. His early work was as a cartoonist and bar decorator. His portraits sketches of patrons still line the walls of the Minetta Tavern in Greenwich Village, N.Y. Kline’s hot brush stroke was parodied in Roy Lichtenstein’s pixilated "Brushstroke" series, where RL provided a cool version of Kline’s hot stroke.
(WSJ, 12/16/94, A-12)(www.guggenheimcollection.org/site/artist_bio_77.html)
1962 May 14, Princess Sophia of Greece wed Don Juan Carlos of Spain.
1962 May 15, US marines "arrived" in Laos.
1962 May 19, Marilyn Monroe sang "Happy Birthday" to Pres. Kennedy at Madison Square Garden while wearing a dress described as "skin and beads." In 1999 the dress sold for $1.15 million at Christie's auction house.
(SFC, 10/28/99, p.A3)
1962 May 19, R.C., "Shout! Shout! (Knock Yourself Out)" by Ernie Maresca peaked at #6 on the pop singles chart.
1962 May 19, Stan Musial broke Honus Wagner's NL baseball hit record with 3,431.
1962 May 19, Indonesian paratroopers landed in New Guinea.
1962 May 23, OAS leader general Raoul Salan was sentenced to life in prison. French general Raoul Salan led a failed army revolt in Algeria (July, 1960) and then fled abroad, continuing to direct increasing terrorist Secret Army Organization (OAS) attacks on the French and Algerian governments, turning the Algerian War of Independence into a three-way war in Algeria and a right-wing guerrilla insurrection in France.
1962 May 23, Ruben Jaramillo, Mexican agrarian reformer, was assassinated along with his family by state forces.
(SFC, 12/31/96, p.C9)(AP, 5/23/04)
1962 May 24, Astronaut Scott Carpenter became the second American to orbit the Earth as he flew aboard Aurora 7.
1962 May 25, Isley Brothers released "Twist & Shout."
1962 May 25, US performed fizzled nuclear test at Christmas Island. The Tanana blast was part of Operation Dominic.
1962 May 25, US unions AFL-CIO started campaign for a 35-hour work week.
1962 May 30, Benjamin Britten's "War Requiem," premiered.
1962 May 31, Adolph Eichmann (b.1906), Gestapo official and Nazi war criminal, was hanged near Tel Aviv, Israel, for his role in the Nazi murder of over one million Jews. He had been nabbed in Argentina by Peter Malkin in 1960 and taken to Israel for trial. This was the first execution to take place in the state Israel. Eichmann completed 1,300 notebook pages while in prison and they were OK'd for publication in 1999. In 1963 Hannah Arendt authored "Eichmann in Jerusalem: A Report on the Banality of Evil."
(SFEC, 11/3/96, Par p.13) (AP, 5/31/97)(HN, 5/31/99)(SFC, 8/11/99, p.C4)(WSJ, 8/31/99, p.A22)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adolf_Eichmann)
1962 May 31, The West Indies Federation, made up of Trinidad and Tobago, Barbados, Jamaica, and the Leeward and Windward Islands, broke up after 4 years following Jamaica’s passage of a referendum to end the alliance.
(Econ, 6/2/12, p.47)
1962 May, The stock market decline coincided with Pres. Kennedy’s attack on the steel industry and Attorney General Kennedy’s antitrust suits against numerous American industries. Kennedy launched a price-fixing investigation after US Steel raised prices by $6 a ton and other steel-makers followed suit.
(SFC,10/27/97, p.B2)(WSJ, 5/12/03, p.A6)
1962 May, A memo from the CIA briefing for Attorney Gen’l. Robert Kennedy revealed that $150,000 was offered to the US mob for the assassination of Fidel Castro. The mob insisted on doing the job at no charge.
(SFC, 7/2/97, p.A5)
1962 May, US Pvt. Larry Abshier (19) deserted to North Korea and later died there of natural causes.
(SFC, 8/16/04, p.A5)
1962 May, Becton Dickinson became a public company. In Sep, 1963, its shares qualified for trading on the New York Stock Exchange at $25 per share. The capital was used to make disposable syringes. There have been four stock splits since then and the company has paid dividends to shareholders every year and the rate has been increased annually.
(Horizon, Fall '95, p.13)(Echo, 12/09, p.4)(SFC, 4/13/98, p.A6)
1962 Jun 1, "The Dinah Shore Show" (TV Variety) aired for the last time on NBC after 10 years.
1962 Jun 1, USAF Maj. Robert M White took the X-15 to 40,420 m.
1962 Jun 2, Vita Sackville-West (b.1892), English poet, novelist and gardener, died. She helped create her own gardens in Sissinghurst, Kent. She was famous for her exuberant aristocratic life, her strong marriage, and her passionate affairs with women like novelist Virginia Woolf. Her son Nigel gave her estate to the National Trust, a conservation charity. In 2008 Adam Nicolson authored “Sissinghurst: An Unfinished History.”
(Econ, 10/04/08, p.91)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vita_Sackville-West)
1962 Jun 3, Lee Harvey Oswald arrived by train in Oldenzaal, Netherlands.
1962 Jun 4, Lee Harvey Oswald departed Rotterdam on SS Maasdam to US.
1962 Jun 4, William Beebe (b.1877), US biologist, explorer, died. In 2004 Carol Grant Gould authored “The Remarkable Life of William Beebe: Explorer and Naturalist.”
(NH, 2/05, p.54)(www.britannica.com/eb/article?tocId=9014090)
1962 Jun 6, Yves Klein (b.1928), French artist, died of a heart attack.
(Econ, 5/29/10, p.85)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yves_Klein)
1962 Jun 7, Joseph A. Walker, NASA civilian test pilot, took the X-15 to 31,580 meters.
1962 Jun 11, Frank Lee Morris, John Anglin and Clarence Anglin escaped from Alcatraz and disappeared into the SF Bay. Their fate was never resolved. The 1979 film "Escape From Alcatraz" with Clint Eastwood was based on this event.
(SFC, 7/9/96, p.A20)(SFEC, 3/8/98, p.W38)(SFC, 12/1/98, pA3)
1962 Jun 22, The Hovercraft was 1st tested.
1962 Jun 23, The Syrian government conducted a special population census only for the province of Jazira which was predominantly Kurdish. As a result, around 120,000 Kurds in Jazira were arbitrarily categorized as aliens.
1962 Jun 25, The Supreme Court ruled that the use of an unofficial, nondenominational prayer in New York public schools was unconstitutional.
(AP, 6/25/97)(HN, 6/25/98)
1962 Jun 27, NASA civilian pilot Joseph Walker took the X-15 to 6,606 kph, 37,700 m.
1962 Jun 28, Thalidomide was banned in Netherlands.
1962 Jun, In 2012 Mimi Alford (69), a grandmother and retired church administrator said she began a relationship with Pres. John F. Kennedy while she was a 19-year-old intern in the White House press office. According to a New York Post, which obtained a copy of the memoir, the affair began in the summer of 1962, on the fourth day of Alford's internship, when they had an encounter in the White House swimming pool. That night, Alford says, she lost her virginity to the president in First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy's bedroom. The affair was first revealed in 2003, when Kennedy biographer Robert Dallek wrote in "An Unfinished Life" about an unnamed intern who allegedly had a relationship with the late president. Alford’s "Once Upon a Secret: My Affair with President John F. Kennedy and Its Aftermath" was released on Feb 8, 2012.
1962 Jun, In Iran a police attack on the Faizieh Theological School in Qom started Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini's rebellion against the Shah.
(WSJ, 8/11/99, p.A1)
1962 Jul 1, Some 6 million of a total Algerian electorate of 6.5 million cast their ballots in the referendum on independence. The vote was nearly unanimous. De Gaulle pronounced Algeria an independent country on July 3. The Provisional Executive, however, proclaimed July 5, the 132nd anniversary of the French entry into Algeria, as the day of national independence.
1962 Jul 1, Burundi gained independence from Belgium. The UN trust territory of Ruanda-Urundi in east-central Africa was divided into the independent nations of Rwanda and Burundi.
(SFEC, 1/12/97, p.A12)(http://africanscoutjamboree.org/en/history-of-burundi)
1962 Jul 3, Jackie Robinson became the first African American to be inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame.
1962 Jul 3, French Pres. Charles De Gaulle pronounced Algeria an independent country following the July 1 elections. De Gaulle evacuated Algeria and a million settlers flooded into France.
(WSJ, 11/16/95, p.A-18)(www.onwar.com/aced/data/alpha/falgeria1954.htm)
1962 Jul 5, Algeria’s Provisional Executive proclaimed July 5, the 132nd anniversary of the French entry into Algeria, as the day of national independence. French Pres. Charles De Gaulle pronounced Algeria an independent country on Jul 3 following the July 1 elections. A massacre in Oran, Algeria, left 96 dead.
1962 Jul 6, The US tested a 104 kiloton nuclear device in Nevada in "Project Sedan" and blew a hole 1,280 feet wide and 320 feet deep. It was one of many "Plowshare" experiments to see if atomic detonations could be used for large scale peaceful purposes.
1962 Jul 6, William Cuthbert Faulkner (b.1897), US writer (Nobel 1949), died in Oxford, Miss. In 2004 Jay Parini authored “One Matchless Time: A Life of William Faulkner.”
(WSJ, 10/28/04, p.A1)(www.olemiss.edu/depts/english/ms-writers/dir/faulkner_william/)
1962 Jul 7-1962 Jul 17, Operation Sunbeam was a series of four nuclear tests conducted at the United States of America's Nevada Test Site.
1962 Jul 7, In Burma Sein Lwin headed the army unit that shot dead Rangoon University students protesting Ne Win's rule.
1962 Jul 9, Andy Warhol opened his first solo show at the Ferus Gallery in Los Angeles. It consisted of 32 paintings of Campbell’s Soup Cans. He also created his "Red Liz" work this year.
(WSJ, 11/21/96, p.A8)(WSJ, 11/13/98, p.W16)(Econ, 10/29/11, IL p.14)
1962 Jul 10, Martin Luther King Jr. was arrested during a demonstration in Georgia.
1962 Jul 10, The communications satellite Telstar, developed by Bell Labs, was launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida, beaming live television from Europe to the United States.
(AP, 7/10/97)(HN, 7/10/98)(WSJ, 8/21/06, p.A2)
1962 Jul 11, The Telstar I satellite carried the first transatlantic TV transmission. It picked up broadcast signals from France and bounced them down to an antenna in Maine, delivering the first live television picture from Europe to America.
1962 Jul 11, Cosmonaut Micolaev set longevity space flight record -- 4 days.
1962 Jul 12, Mick Jagger (18), Keith Richards (18) and Brian Jones (20) played The Marquee Club with three others, the first time they performed under the Rolling Stones band name which later became synonymous worldwide with excess and musical flair.
1962 Jul 14, Borehole for Mont Blanc-tunnel, between France and Italy, was finished. [see Aug 14]
1962 Jul 17, Air Force pilot Robert White (1924-2010) flew the rocket-powered X-15 to an altitude of 314,750 feet (59.6 miles).
(SFC, 3/24/10, p.C4)
1962 Jul 20, Dmitri Shostakovitch completed his 13th Symphony.
1962 Jul 20, George Macaulay Trevelyan (86), English royal historian, died.
1962 Jul 21, 160 civil right activists were jailed after demonstration in Albany, Ga.
1962 Jul 22, Mariner I was launched for Venus, veered off course within seconds, and was ordered destroyed. It was later found that a single hyphen from the computer launch code was missing.
(SFEM, 8/22/99, p.9)
1962 Jul 23, In San Francisco a 10-ton granite and bronze monument to Robert Louis Stevenson was returned to Portsmouth Square as the 800-car underground parking garage was completed.
(SSFC, 7/22/12, DB p.42)
1962 Jul 23, The Geneva Conference on Laos forbade the United States to invade eastern Laos, site of the Ho Chi Minh Trail.
1962 Jul 27, Martin Luther King Jr. was jailed in Albany, Georgia.
1962 Jul 28, 19 died in a train crash in Steelton, Pa.
1962 Jul 28, Mariner I, launched to Mars, fell into the Atlantic Ocean.
1962 Jul, Pres. Kennedy installed a taping system in the White House.
(WSJ, 11/15/99, p.A48)
1962 Aug 4, Nelson Mandela was captured by South African police.
1962 Aug 5, Actress Marilyn Monroe (36) was found dead in her Los Angeles home. Her death was ruled a "probable suicide" from an overdose of sleeping pills. Movie actress, model, singer, Judaism convert, RN: Norma Jean Mortenson Baker; Joe DiMaggio's, then Arthur Miller's ex-wife. Her films included "Some Like It Hot." In 1999 Barbara Leaming authored the biography "Marilyn Monroe." In 1969 Fred Lawrence Guiles (d.2000 at 79) authored "Norma Jean: The Life of Marilyn Monroe."
(AP, 6/1/97)(DTnet, 6/1/97)(SFEC, 1/24/99, BR p.9)(SFC, 8/1/00, p.B2)
1962 cAug 5, Russia set off a 40-megaton atomic bomb as part of a new test series.
(SFC, 8/6/99, p.A1)(SFC, 11/24/99, p.E9)
1962 Aug 5, Nelson Mandela was arrested for incitement and illegally leaving South Africa.
1962 Aug 6, Jamaica became an independent dominion within the British Commonwealth.
(SFC, 7/1/97, p.A9)(AP, 8/6/97)
1962 Aug 9, Hermann Hesse (85), winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature (1946), died in Switzerland.
(iUniv. 7/2/00)(MC, 8/9/02)
1962 Aug 10, Appointed by Pres. Kennedy, Gen. Edward Landsdale participated in a meeting of the Special Group Augmented where discussion of assassinating foreign leaders was discussed. Highlights of the meeting were written down in a memorandum dated Aug 13. Attorney General Robert Kennedy was the augmented member.
(WSJ, 2/13/96, p.A-14)
1962 Aug 11, The Soviet Union launched cosmonaut Andrian Nikolayev on a 94-hour flight.
1962 Aug 12, A day after launching Andrian Nikolayev into orbit, the Soviet Union launched Vostok 4 with cosmonaut Pavel Popovich; both men landed safely on Aug 15.
1962 Aug 14, Robbers held up a U.S. mail truck in Plymouth, Mass., making off with more than $1.5 million.
1962 Aug 14, French and Italian workers broke through at the Mount Blanc Vehicular Tunnel. [see Jul 14]
1962 Aug 15, Shady Grove Baptist Church was burned in Leesburg, Georgia.
1962 Aug 15, US Pvt. James Joseph Dresnok (21) defected to North Korea. His wife had recently divorced him and he faced a court-martial. A British film crew met with Dresnok in 2004. A documentary about his defection, "Crossing the Line," was released in 2006 and made it to DVD in 2008.
(SFC, 8/16/04, p.A5)(AFP, 1/29/07)(http://tinyurl.com/m59l5v)
1962 Aug 15, Lei Feng (b.1940), a Chinese revolutionary soldier, died after being hit by a falling telephone pole. Mao Zedong recognized Lei Feng for his humble heroism, said to include washing his comrades' uniforms and giving his pay to the needy. A government publicity campaign later used him as a model to promote selflessness.
(WSJ, 4/12/08, p.R6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lei_Feng)(AFP, 3/9/12)
1962 Aug 16, The Beatles dropped Pete Best as their drummer. They took on Ringo Starr on Aug 17. Best later authored the autobiography "Beatle! The Pete Best Story."
(SFC, 7/5/02, p.G5)(MC, 8/16/02)
1962 Aug 17, Beatles replaced Pete Best with Ringo Starr.
1962 Aug 17, East German border guards shot and mortally wounded 18-year-old Peter Fechter, who had attempted to cross over the Berlin Wall into the western sector.
1962 Aug 18, Peter, Paul and Mary released their 1st hit "If I Had a Hammer."
1962 Aug 18, Pres. J.F. Kennedy led the official groundbreaking ceremonies for the San Luis Joint-Use Complex, Ca. In 1961 the state and feds had agreed to the project which required the B.F. Sisk San Luis Dam for storage of flows pumped from the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta. The Sisk Dam was named after Congressman B.F. Sisk of Fresno.
1962 Aug 18, In Iran brothers, Ahmad and Mahmoud Khayami founded "Iran National" to manufacture cars. After the 1979 Islamic Revolution it became known as Iran Khodro. Their later Paykan design was based on the 1967 Hillman Hunter, which was originally designed and manufactured by the British Rootes Group. Mahmoud Khayami is also known for starting the Kourosh Department Stores: the first large retail chain stores of Iran, not unlike their American counterparts Sears and Kmart.
1962 Aug 21, Matthew Broderick, actor (Ferris Buehler, Biloxi Blues), was born.
1962 Aug 22, Savannah, world's 1st nuclear powered ship, completed here maiden voyage from Yorktown, Va., to Savannah, Ga.
1962 Aug 22, There was a failed assassination on president De Gaulle.
1962 Aug 23, A Colombian DC-3 plane crashed in the Choco jungle killing over 30 people including two Americans, the first Peace Corps volunteers to die in service.
(SFC, 8/25/11, p.A3)
1962 Aug 25, USSR performed a nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya, Eastern Kazakh, Semipalitinsk.
1962 Aug 27, The United States launched the Mariner 2 space probe with an Atlas D booster. On December 14, 1962, Mariner 2 passed within just over 20,000 miles of Venus, reporting an 800F surface temperature, high surface pressures, a predominantly carbon dioxide atmosphere, continuous cloud cover, and no detectable magnetic field.
(AP, 8/27/97)(SFEM, 8/22/99, p.9)(http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/tmp/1962-041A.html)
1962 Aug 29, Rebecca DeMornay, actress: Risky Business, The Three Musketeers, Guilty as Sin, Backdraft, was born.
1962 Aug 29, A US U-2 flight saw SAM launch pads in Cuba.
1962 Aug 31, The Caribbean nation of Trinidad and Tobago became independent within the British Commonwealth. Eric Williams, a Marxist historian, led the country to independence.
(SFC, 7/1/97, p.A9)(AP, 8/31/97)(Econ, 8/26/06, p.29)
1962 Aug, The first recorded description of the social interactions that could be enabled through networking was a series of memos written by J.C.R. Licklider of MIT discussing his "Galactic Network" concept. He envisioned a globally interconnected set of computers through which everyone could quickly access data and programs from any site. In spirit, the concept was very much like the Internet of today. Licklider was the first head of the computer research program at DARPA, 4 starting in October 1962. While at DARPA he convinced his successors at DARPA, Ivan Sutherland, Bob Taylor, and MIT researcher Lawrence G. Roberts, of the importance of this networking concept.
(SFEC, 3/16/97, Z1 p.3)(www.isoc.org/internet/history/brief.shtml#Origins)
1962 Sep 1, UN announced Earth’s that human population has hit 3 billion.
1962 Sep 1, Some 10,000 died in an earthquake in western Iran.
1962 Sep 3, e[dward] e cummings (ee cummings), US poet (Tulips & Chimneys), died at 67.
1962 Sep 11, The Beatles recorded their first single for EMI, "Love Me Do" and "P.S. I Love You," at EMI studios in London. The recording contract was offered by producer George Martin. Drummer Ringo Starr joined John, Paul and George for his first recording session as a Beatles, replacing Pete Best. "Love Me Do" was the result and it took 17 takes to complete.
(AP, 9/11/97)(SFC, 11/11/98, p.E3)(MC, 9/11/01)
1962 Sep 11, Thurgood Marshall was appointed a judge of the 2nd Circuit Court of Appeals.
1962 Sep 17, The first federal suit to end public school segregation was filed by the U.S. Justice Department.
1962 Sep 17, U.S. space officials announced the selection of nine new astronauts, including Neil A. Armstrong, who became the first man to step onto the moon.
1962 Sep 20, Black student James Meredith was blocked from enrolling at the University of Mississippi by Governor Ross R. Barnett. Meredith was later admitted. A Life Magazine photograph around this time showed 7 sheriffs gathered at Ole Miss to keep Meredith out. In 2003 Paul Hendrickson authored "Sons of Mississippi: A Story of Race and Its Legacy," in which he uncovered the lives of the 7 sheriffs.
(AP, 9/20/97)(SSFC, 4/6/03, p.M1)
1962 Sep 23, "The Jetsons," a TV animated Hanna-Barbera cartoon series about a Space Age family, premiered as the ABC television network's first color program. It was a futuristic mirror image of the Flintstones. Penny Singleton (1908-2003) was the voice of Jane Jetson.
(SFC, 3/23/01, p.D7)(AP, 9/23/02)(SFC, 11/15/03, p.A23)
1962 Sep 23, New York's Philharmonic Hall, since renamed Avery Fisher Hall, formally opened as the first unit of the Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts. Opening ceremonies included the premier of Samuel Barber’s Piano Concerto by John Browning (d.2003) and the Boston Symphony under Erich Leinsdorf.
(AP, 9/23/97)(SFC, 1/30/03, p.A17)
1962 Sep 24, US Circuit Court of Appeals ordered James Meredith admitted to the Univ. of Miss. The University of Mississippi agreed to admit James Meredith as the first black university student, sparking more rioting.
(HN, 9/24/98)(MC, 9/24/01)
1962 Sep 25, Sonny Liston knocked out Floyd Patterson in round one to win the world heavyweight title at Comiskey Park in Chicago.
1962 Sep 25, A Black church was destroyed by fire in Macon, Georgia.
1962 Sep 26, The cult film "Carnival of Souls" premiered in Lawrence, Kan., where parts of it had been filmed.
1962 Sep 26, TV comedy series "Beverly Hillbillies" premiered on CBS. The Beverly Hillbillies, produced by Paul Henning (1912-2005), became the top ranking network show on television for two seasons with rankings of 36 and 39.1%. The show ran to 1971.
(WSJ, 4/24/95, p.R-5)(WSJ, 5/26/98, p.B1)(SFC, 3/26/05, p.B5)
1962 Sep 26, In North Yemen a group of military officers led by Col. Adbullah al-Sallal and supported by Egypt overthrew the Imam and established a republic.
(SFC, 1/19/01, p.D6)
1962 Sep 30, Black student James Meredith succeeded on his fourth try in registering for classes at the University of Mississippi. He became the first black to enroll at Old Miss Univ. and 13,500 Federal troops were required to back him up. U.S. Marshals escorted James H. Meredith into the University of Mississippi; two died in the mob violence that followed. Meredith was also noted for starting the "March Against Fear" to encourage voter registration by Southern African Americans. While on the march he was hit with a snipers bullet. Other Civil Rights leaders including MLK continued the march. Meredith was able to complete the march in Jackson, Mississippi.
(TMC, 1994, p.1962)(AP, 9/30/97)(HN, 9/30/98)
1962 Sep 30, Howard Duff signed off his radio show as "Yours Truly, Johnny Dollar" for the last time. It was declared by Gerald Nachman to mark the last moment of vintage radio. In 1998 Nachman published "Raised on Radio."
(SFEC, 12/27/98, BR p.3)
1962 Oct 1, Johnny Carson succeeded Jack Paar as regular host of NBC's "Tonight" show. Carson received an on-air introduction from Groucho Marx; the guests on his debut program were Joan Crawford, Rudy Vallee, Tony Bennett, Mel Brooks and The Phoenix Singers.
1962 Oct 1, Barbra Streisand signed her 1st recording contract with Columbia.
1962 Oct 1, James Meredith became 1st black at U of Mississippi. [see Sep 30]
1962 Oct 1, Ludwig Bemelmans (1898), Austrian-born writer of children’s books, died in NYC. His 1st Madeline book was published in 1939.
1962 Oct 3, "Stop the World" opened at Shubert NYC for 886 performances.
1962 Oct 3, The SF Giants beat the LA Dodgers to win baseball's National League Pennant.
(SFC, 11/24/99, p.E9)
1962 Oct 3, Astronaut Wally Schirra blasted off from Cape Canaveral aboard the Sigma 7 on a nine-hour flight.
1962 Oct 5, The Beatles' first hit, "Love Me Do," was first released in the United Kingdom.
1962 Oct 8, Former Pres. Eisenhower and Richard Nixon visited San Francisco as the SF Giants beat the NY Yankees in a World Series baseball game.
(SSFC, 10/7/12, DB p.46)
1962 Oct 9, Uganda became an independent state within the Britain Commonwealth. [see Mar 1]
(PCh, 1992, p.984)(SFC, 5/4/96, P.A-10)(AP, 10/9/04)
1962 Oct 11, The US Trade Expansion Act was enacted under Pres. Kennedy. It included a federal program called the Trade Adjusted Assistance (TAA), which offered superior unemployment benefits to US manufacturing and farm workers who lose jobs due to imports or production shifts out of country.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trade_Expansion_Act)(WSJ, 4/20/09, p.A1)(Econ, 7/2/11, p.23)
1962 Oct 11, The TV series "McHale's Navy" (1962-66) premiered and featured Ernest Borgnine (1917-2012) as a Navy officer.
1962 Oct 11, Pope John XXIII convened the first session of the Roman Catholic Church's 21st Ecumenical Council, also known as Vatican II, with a call for Christian unity. This was the largest gathering of the Roman Catholic hierarchy in history. Among delegate-observers were representatives of major Protestant denominations, in itself a sign of sweeping change. He declared its purpose to be "aggiornamento," an "updating" that would be a pastoral response to the needs of the modern world. It allowed for vernacular languages in the Liturgy and continued to 1965, when it published "Gaudium et Spes," the Pastoral Constitution on the Church in the Modern World.
(CU, 6/87) (AP, 10/11/97)(HN, 10/11/98)
1962 Oct 12, Columbus Day storms washed out the 1962 World Series game at Candlestick Park in SF. A storm from the Gulf of Alaska took on moisture from Typhoon Freda and caused 4 days of rainouts during the World series.
(SFCM, 9/25/05, p.4)(SFC, 11/3/12, p.A6)
1962 Oct 13, Jerry Rice, football player, was born. He played as a San Francisco '49er wide receiver: Super Bowl XXIII, XXIV, XXIX.
1962 Oct 13, The four-character drama "Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?," by Edward Albee, opened on Broadway with Uta Hagen (d.2004) as Martha and Arthur Hill as George. The opening coincided with co-star Melinda Dillon's 23rd birthday.
(SFC, 1/16/04, p.A23)(AP, 10/13/07)
1962 Oct 14, The CIA U-2 mission detected Soviet ballistic missiles in Cuba. Air Force pilot Maj. Richard Heyser and CIA contract pilot James Barnes Jr. (d.1999 at 70) identified missile sites in separate flights.
(SFC, 9/17/97, p.A3)(SFC, 7/13/99, p.A19)
1962 Oct 15, Byron R. White (1917-2002) was appointed to the US Supreme Court by Pres. Kennedy.
(MC, 10/15/01)(SFC, 4/16/02, p.A5)
1962 Oct 16, The Cuban missile crisis began as President Kennedy was informed that reconnaissance photographs had revealed the presence of missile bases in Cuba.
1962 Oct 16-1962 Oct 29, The Cuban missile crises. Russia under Khrushchev removed its missiles from Cuba. The 13-day missile crises was in part recorded by Kennedy on tape and published in 1997: "The Kennedy Tapes," ed. by Ernest R. May and Philip D. Zelikow.
(SFEC, 8/25/96, Parade p.6)(TMC, 1994, p.1962)(WSJ, 9/23/97, p.A20)
1962 Oct 17, The SF Giants lost to the NY Yankees 1-0 in the 7th game of the
World Series at Candlestick Park.
(SSFC, 10/14/12, DB p.46)
1962 Oct 18, Dr. James D. Watson of the United States and Dr. Francis Crick and Dr. Maurice Wilkins (d.2004) of Britain, were named winners of the Nobel Prize for Medicine and Physiology for their work in determining the double-helix molecular structure of DNA.
(AP, 10/18/02)(SFC, 3/19/98, p.C4)
1962 Oct 18, JFK met Russian minister of Foreign affairs Andrei Gromyko.
1962 Oct 20, The musical, "Mr. President," written by Irving Berlin, opened on Broadway.
1962 Oct 20, A Chinese army landed in India for a brief border war in the Himalayas. The northeast Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh, twice the size of Switzerland, was occupied in a week-long assault by China and closed to foreign tourists. Some 3,000 Indian officers and men were killed. China gained control from India of the northeast region of Kashmir known as Aksai Chin. Some 4,500 lives were lost before China unilaterally declared the war over. Arunachal Pradesh re-opened in 1993.
(WSJ, 5/16/96, p.A-10)(SFC, 11/29/96, p.A1) (SSFC, 12/30/01, p.A22)(SSFC, 1/4/04, p.C10)(Econ, 7/5/08, p.95)(Econ, 8/21/10, p.17)(Econ, 10/20/12, p.36)
1962 Oct 22, President John F. Kennedy announced that missile bases had been discovered in Cuba and they had the potential to attack the United States with nuclear warheads. Kennedy ordered a naval and air blockade on further shipment of military equipment to Cuba. The Russians had previously agreed not to bring new offensive weapons into Cuba, but after hearing Kennedy's announcement, Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev refused to cooperate with the quarantine. Following a confrontation that threatened nuclear war, Kennedy and Khrushchev agree on October 28 on a formula to end the crisis. On November 2 Kennedy reported that Soviet missile bases in Cuba are being dismantled.
(AP, 10/22/97)(HNPD, 10/22/98)(HN, 10/22/02)
1962 Oct 23, US ambassador Adlai Stevenson spoke at UN about Cuba crisis.
1962 Oct 24, The U.S. blockade of Cuba during the missile crisis officially began under a proclamation signed by President Kennedy.
1962 Oct 24, The Russian Mars 1962A Flyby failed to leave Earth orbit after the final rocket stage exploded.
(SFC, 11/19/96, p.B1)
1962 Oct 25, American author John Steinbeck (62) was awarded the Nobel Prize in literature.
(WUD, 1994, p.1392)(AP, 10/25/97)
1962 Oct 25, U.S. ambassador Adlai E. Stevenson presented photographic evidence of Soviet missile bases in Cuba to the U.N. Security Council. Ambassador Adlai E. Stevenson demanded USSR and Zorin answer regarding Cuban missile bases saying "I am prepared to wait for my answer until hell freezes over."
(AP, 10/25/97)(MC, 10/25/01)
1962 Oct 26, JFK warned Russia that the US would not allow Soviet missiles to remain in Cuba.
1962 Oct 26, The USS Beale tracked and dropped practice depth charges on a Soviet Foxtrot-class submarine which was armed with a nuclear torpedo. Running out of air, the Soviet submarine was surrounded by American warships and desperately needed to surface to recharge its batteries. An argument broke out among three officers on the B-39, including submarine captain Valentin Savitsky, political officer Ivan Semonovich Maslennikov, and chief of staff of the submarine flotilla, Commander Vasiliy Arkhipov. A totally exhausted Savitsky became furious and ordered that the nuclear torpedo on board be made combat ready. Accounts differ about whether Commander Arkhipov convinced Savitsky not to make the attack, or whether Savitsky himself finally concluded that the only reasonable choice left open to him was to come to the surface.
1962 Oct 26, Nikita Khrushchev sent note to JFK offering to withdraw his missiles from Cuba if US closed its bases in Turkey. The offer was rejected.
1962 Oct 27, "Beyond the Fringe" opened at John Golden Theater NYC for 673 performances. It starred Peter Cook, Dudley Moore, Jonathan Miller and Alan Bennett.
1962 Oct 27, Fatso Marco (56), comedian (Milton Berle Show), died.
1962 Oct 27, With its batteries running low, submarine B-59/C-19 was forced to surface and headed east. Although surrounded by US ships, submarine captain Vitali Savitsky realizes that they are not in a "state of war; one of the destroyers has a lively band playing jazz. The Cony communicates with it via flashing lights; Savitsky identifies the submarine as "Ship X" ("Korablx") and declines assistance. B-59 identifies itself to other nearby ships as "Prinavlyet" (by the U.S.S. Murray), and "Prosnablavst" (by the Bache and the Barry). Aircraft illuminate and photograph it.
1962 Oct 27, Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev offered to remove Soviet missile bases in Cuba if the U.S. removed its missile bases in Turkey. It was later learned that JFK had secretly offered this option to Khrushchev.
(HN, 10/27/98)(MC, 10/27/01)(NPR, 2002)
1962 Oct 28, Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev informed the United States that he had ordered the dismantling of Soviet missile bases in Cuba. Radio Moscow reported nuclear missiles in Cuba deactivated. Kennedy and Khrushchev agreed on a formula to end the Cuban missile crisis: the Russians would dismantle their bases and the United States would publicly promise not to invade Cuba.
(AP, 10/28/97)(HN, 10/22/98)(HNPD, 10/22/98)(MC, 10/28/01)
1962 Oct 31, Bobby Pickett (1938-2007) made a one-time hit with “Monster Mash,” as it reached No. 1 on Halloween.
(SFC, 4/27/07, p.B9)
1962 Oct, Linus Pauling won the Nobel Peace Prize. In 1954 he won a Nobel in Chemistry.
(SFC, 9/16/98, p.E1)(SFC, 10/8/01, p.A17)
1962 Oct, Max Perutz (1914-2002), Austrian-born molecular biologist, won the Nobel Prize in chemistry for his work in England on the structure of hemoglobin.
(Econ, 8/25/07, p.77)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Max_Perutz)
1962 Nov 1, Greece entered the European Common Market.
1962 Nov 1, The Russian Mars 1 Flyby was launched but communications failed en route.
(SFC, 11/19/96, p.B1)
1962 Nov 2, Pres. Kennedy reported that Soviet missile bases in Cuba were being dismantled.
1962 Nov 4, The Russian Mars 1962B Lander failed to leave Earth orbit.
(SFC, 11/19/96, p.B1)
1962 Nov 6, Edward M. Kennedy (1932-2009) of Massachusetts was 1st elected as US Senator (D) to fill the vacancy caused by the 1960 resignation of his brother, John Fitzgerald Kennedy, for the term ending January 3, 1965. Pres. Kennedy had persuaded the governor of Massachusetts to appoint his college roommate, Benjamin A. Smith II, until Edward turned 30.
(http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=K000105)(Econ, 8/29/09, p.30)
1962 Nov 6, Edmund G. "Pat" Brown was re-elected as democratic governor over Richard Nixon by some 300,000 votes.
(SFC, 10/17/96, C2)(SFEM, 11/17/96, p.18)(SFEC, 12/6/98, p.A1)
1962 Nov 6, Saudi Arabia abolished slavery.
1962 Nov 6, The UN General Assembly adopted resolution 1761 (XVII), which established a Special Committee on Apartheid in South Africa. The non-binding resolution called upon members "separately or collectively, in conformity with the charter" to break diplomatic relations with South Africa, to close ports to South African vessels, to forbid vessels flying their flags to enter South African ports, to boycott South African trade, and to suspend landing rights for South African aircraft. The committee held its first meeting on April 2, 1963.
(Econ, 9/15/07, p.74)(www.anc.org.za/un/reddy/aamun.htm)
1962 Nov 7, Richard M. Nixon, who failed in a bid to become governor of California, held what he called his last press conference, telling reporters, "You won't have Nixon to kick around anymore." Nixon's loss was in part due to the revelation that that his Washington home was being sold under a "restrictive covenant," that prevented a sale to a black or Jewish buyer.
(AP, 11/7/97)(SFEM, 4/11/99, p.41)
1962 Nov 7, Former first lady (1933-1945) Eleanor Roosevelt (b.1884) died in New York City and was buried near her husband at their estate in Hyde Park, New York. [see Nov 10]
(AP, 11/7/97)(SFEC, 2/7/99, Par p.7)(HNPD, 10/11/99)(MC, 11/7/01)
1962 Nov 10, Eleanor Roosevelt was buried.
1962 Nov 14, Laura San Giacoma, actress (Pretty Woman, Vital Signs), was born in Danville, NJ.
1962 Nov 15, Cuba threatened to down U.S. planes on reconnaissance flights over its territory.
1962 Nov 17, Washington's Dulles International Airport opened in rural Virginia and was dedicated by President Kennedy. The terminal was designed by Finnish-born architect Eero Saarinen. The airport spawned a high-tech corridor that by 2005 sat in the fastest growing county in the US.
(Hem., 5/97, p.68)(AP, 11/17/97)(Econ, 11/26/05, p.80)
1962 Nov 17, Arthur Vining Davis (95), CEO (Alcoa-1910-57), died in Miami.
1962 Nov 18, Niels Bohr (77), Danish physicist (atom, Nobel 1922), died.
1962 Nov 19, S.N. Behrman's "Lord Pengo," premiered in NYC.
1962 Nov 19, Fidel Castro accepted the removal of Soviet weapons.
1962 Nov 20, President Kennedy barred religious or racial discrimination in federally funded housing.
1962 Nov 20, USSR agreed to remove bombers from Cuba and US lifted its blockade.
1962 Nov 21, China agreed to a cease-fire on India-China border.
1962 Nov 23, In New Jersey gas station owner Walter Patterson, a decorated World War II veteran, was shot during a robbery at his business in Wall. George Wright (19) was convicted of the murder and sentenced to 15-30 years in prison. He escaped in 1970.
1962 Nov 24, The BBC TV series "That Was the Week That Was" began and ran through 36 episodes to 1963. Willie Rushton impersonated PM Harold McMillan.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/That_Was_The_Week_That_Was)(SFC, 12/12/96, p.C8)
1962 Nov 26, The Beatles made their 1st recording session under the "Beatles" name.
1962 Nov 29, Great Britain and France agreed on a joint venture to build the super sonic Concorde jet.
(WSJ, 7/26/00, p.A26)(MC, 11/29/01)
1962 Nov 30, U Thant of Burma, who had been acting secretary-general of the United Nations following the death of Dag Hammarskjold the year before, was elected to a four-year term.
1962 Nov, The Chieftains were founded by Paddy Moloney in northern Dublin as a traditional Irish band.
(WSJ, 3/17/98, p.A16)
1962 Dec 5, Pres. Kennedy discussed stockpiling nuclear weapons to deter Soviet attacks with senior staff including Def. Sec. McNamara and Gen. Maxwell Taylor.
(SFC, 2/7/02, p.A4)
1962 Dec 7, Great Britain performed a nuclear test at the Nevada Test Site.
1962 Dec 8, A 114-day newspaper strike began in NYC.
1962 Dec 9, "I Can Get It For You Wholesale" closed on Broadway.
1962 Dec 10, "Lawrence of Arabia," David Lean's epic film starring Peter O'Toole as British officer T.E. Lawrence, had its royal gala premiere in London.
1962 Dec 11, In San Francisco the L’Italia building at Stockton and Green fell under the wrecker’s ball. The 45-year-old building had housed the largest Italian-language newspaper this side of New York. The newspaper, founded in 1886 had merged with the La Voce Popolo in 1939. It now moved to new quarters at 70 Otis Street.
(SSFC, 12/9/12, DB p.46)
1962 Dec 14, The U.S. space probe Mariner 2 approached Venus, transmitting information about the planet.
1962 Dec 14, North Rhodesia's first African-dominated government was formed under Kenneth Kaunda.
1962 Dec 17, Thomas Mitchell (70), US, actor (Outlaw), died of cancer.
1962 Dec 19, Transit 5A1, the 1st operational navigational satellite, was launched.
1962 Dec 20, In its first free election in 38 years, the Dominican Republic chose leftist Juan Bosch Gavino, the leftist leader of the Dominican Revolutionary Party, as president. Juan Bosch (1909-2001) was toppled in the Dominican Republic by the army shortly after being elected. His plans for land reform would have split up sugar plantations owned by generals.
(SFC, 5/17/96, p.A-14)(SFC, 5/12/98, p.A21)(HN, 12/20/98)(SFC, 11/2/01, p.D6)
1962 Dec 21, A US and Cuba accord released Bay of Pigs captives.
1962 Dec 23, Cuba started returning US prisoners from Bay of Pigs invasion.
1962 Dec 25, The Bay of Pigs captives who were ransomed, vowed to return and topple Castro.
1962 Dec 26, Eight East Berliners escaped to West Berlin, crashing through gates in an armor plated bus.
1962 Dec, The Surfaris, formed near LA in September, recorded "Surfer Joe" and the flip side hit "Wipeout." Band members were Jim Fuller (15) lead guitar, Ron Wilson (18) drummer, Robert Berryhill (15) rhythm guitar, Pat Conolly (15) bass. Saxophonist Jim Pash (13) was not there.
(WSJ, 8/15/01, p.A1)
1962 Dec, Pres. Kennedy proposed a tax cut.
(WSJ, 5/30/96, p.A14)
1962 Dec, Pres. Kennedy commuted the sentence of Junius Scales (d.2002 at 82), who had served 15 months for being a member of the Communist Party. Scales was 1st arrested in 1954 and was later convicted and sentenced to 6 years in prison, the only American ever sent to prison for being a CP member.
(SFC, 8/8/02, p.A22)
1962 Dec, In Paraguay army captain Napoleon Ortigoza was imprisoned by Alfredo Stroessner's security apparatus on charges of conspiring to topple the right-wing military strongman. He spent the first 18 years of confinement chained in a police holding cell and later escaped house arrest and made his way to the Colombian embassy.
1962 Claire Falkenstein (1908-1997), sculptor and painter, created the gates for Peggy Guggenheim’s palazzo in Venice.
1962 Roy Lichtenstein made his pop art painting "BLANG!"
(WSJ, 5/2/97, p.C1)
1962 Robert Rauschenberg created his piece "Barge."
(WSJ, 9/25/97, p.A20)
1962 Ben Shahn painted his "Heron of Calvary No. 1."
(WSJ, 12/1/98, p.A20)
1962 George Tooker (b.1920), painted "Mirror I," a de La Tour inspired painting of a woman looking into a mirror with a skull behind her.
(NH, 10/96, p.39)
1962 David Smith made his sculpture "Voltri VI."
(SFEM, 11/24/96, p.62)
1962 Herbert Palmer, a Los Angeles art dealer, began compiling an art reference library. It spanned all areas of art collecting and featured monographs on 20th-century artists.
(HT, 5/97, p.58)
1962 Herbert E. Alexander (1927-2008), political scientist at USC, authored “Financing the 1960 Election.” His work pioneered the field of campaign finance studies.
(SFC, 4/8/08, p.B5)
1962 Giorgio Bassani (d.2000 at 84) of Italy authored his semi-autobiographical novel: "The Garden of the Finzi-Continis." In 1971 a film version by Vittorio De Sica with Dominique Sanda won a Hollywood Oscar for the Best Foreign Film.
(SFEC, 11/17/96, DB p.40)(SFC, 4/14/00, p.D5)
1962 Daisy Bates (d.1999 at 87) authored "The Long Shadow of Little Rock." It was about the 1956 desegregation of the Little Rock bus system and the 1957 integration of Central High.
(SFC, 11/5/99, p.D7)
1962 Jan and Stan Berenstain (1923-2005) published their 1st Berenstain Bears book: “The Big Honey Hunt.” They developed the stories with Theodore Geisel (aka Dr. Seuss) and went on to publish over 200 books in the series.
(SFC, 11/30/05, p.B7)
1962 Helen Gurley Brown (1922-2012) authored "Sex and the Single Girl." In 2009 Jennifer Scanlon authored “Bad Girls Go Everywhere: The Life of Helen Gurley Brown.”
(NW, 6/23/03, p.65)(WSJ, 4/10/09, p.W7)(SFC, 8/14/12, p.A5)
1962 Eugene Burdick (1918-1965) and Harvey Wheeler (1918-2004) co-authored “Fail-Safe,” a novel about an accidental nuclear attack on Russia. The popular and critically acclaimed novel was first adapted into a 1964 film of the same name directed by Sidney Lumet and starring Henry Fonda, Dan O'Herlihy, and Walter Matthau.
(SFC, 9/18/04, p.B7)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fail-Safe_%28novel%29)
1962 Anthony Burgess authored his dystopian novel “A Clockwork Orange.” It was made into a 1971 movie by Stanley Kubrick.
1962 "Naked Lunch" by William Burroughs was published in the US after a precedent-setting obscenity trial. He also published "The Ticket That Exploded."
(SFEC, 8/3/97, p.B6)
1962 Rachel Carson (d.1964) published "Silent Spring" and exposed the pesticide industry and its effects on the environment: "They should not be called ‘insecticides’, but ‘biocides.’" Carson entered the Pennsylvania College originally planning to major in English. Instead, she grew more interested with the natural world, graduating in 1929 with a bachelor’s degree in biology. After graduate work at Johns Hopkins University and a teaching stint, she worked for the U.S. government until the early `50s. She combined her interests in writing and ecology and reached a wide audience with the publication of her first book, Under the Sea-Wind (1941). Her following works were also praised for their scientific accuracy and readable prose. Her book "Silent Spring," which documented the contribution of pesticides to declining songbird populations, came out when DDT and similar insecticides were used in abundance.
(NOHY, Weiner, 3/90, p.70)(HNQ, 4/18/01)
1962 Joan Crawford, film actress, published her autobiography, "Portrait of Joan," written by Jane Ardmore (d.2000 at 88).
(SFC, 8/23/00, p.A26)
1962 Alan Dugan (1923-2003) won the Pulitzer Prize and National Book Award for his book "Poems." At the time Dugan worked in a factory where he made plastic vaginas used to demonstrate diaphragm insertion.
(SSFC, 9/7/03, p.A29)
1962 Loren Eiseley (1907-1977) authored “Francis Bacon and the Modern Dilemma.” In 1973 it was published by Scribner as “The Man Who Saw Through Time.” Not to be confused with “Nostradamus: The Man Who Saw Through Time” (1994) by Lee McCann.
1962 Milton Friedman (1912-2006) and his wife Rose published "Capitalism and Freedom," a good summary of Friedman’s economic thinking.
(WSJ, 5/27/98, p.A20)(Econ, 3/6/04, p.74)
1962 Herbert Gans authored "The Urban Villagers," a study of the working-class in Boston’s West End.
(WSJ, 8/23/00, p.A6)
1962 Jacob Getzels (d.2001 at 89) authored "Creativity and Intelligence."
(SFC, 4/17/01, p.A20)
1962 Harold Gilliam authored “Island In Time: The Point Reyes Peninsula.” A copy was sent to every member of Congress as a bill to create the Point Reyes National Seashore was being considered.
(SSFC, 5/19/13, p.A2)
1962 Eugene Ionesco, French absurdist playwright, wrote his play “Exit the King.”
(Econ, 4/4/09, p.86)
1962 The 1st edition of “History of Art” by H.W. Janson was published.
(WSJ, 3/11/05, p.W7)
1962 James Jones (d.1977) wrote "The Thin Red Line."
(SFC, 10/12/97, DB p.52)
1962 Jack Kerouac authored his novel “Big Sur.” Poet Lenore Kandel (1932-2009) was portrayed as Romana Swartz in the novel. Poet Lew Welch was portrayed as Dave Wain.
(SFC, 10/22/09, p.D6)
1962 Ken Kesey (1935-2001) published his novel: "One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest."
(WSJ, 5/15/00, p.A46)(SSFC, 11/11/01, p.A1)
1962 "The Structure of Scientific Revolution" by Berkeley Prof. Thomas Samuel Kuhn (1923-1996), eminent historian of science, was published. Kuhn distinguished between ordinary science, which solves problems within a particular paradigm and revolutionary science, which introduces a new world view.
(V.D.-H.K.p.211)(SFC, 6/21/96, p.E2)
1962 "A Wrinkle in Time" by Madeline L'Engle was published.
(SFEC, 2/27/00, BR p.12)
1962 Doris Lessing wrote her novel: "The Golden Notebook." It focused on female sexuality and consequences of oppositional thinking. In 1994 the first volume of her autobiography, "Under My Skin," was published. In 1997 "Walking in the Shade: Volume Two of My Autobiography," by Doris Lessing was published.
(SFC, 5/26/96, BR p.4)(SFEC, 9/14/97, BR p.5)
1962 The Ross McDonald (aka Kenneth Millar) Lew Archer mystery "The Zebra-Striped Hearse" was published.
(WSJ, 4/28/99, p.A16)
1962 Marshall McLuhan (1911-1980), Canadian educator, authored “The Gutenberg Galaxy: The Making of Typographic Man.” In it he analyzes the effects of mass media, especially the printing press, on European culture and human consciousness.
1962 Walker Percy (1916-1990), physician, novelist (Lancelot), won the National Book Award for his book "The Moviegoer."
(WSJ, 3/26/03, p.D8)
1962 Cartoonist Charles Shultz (b.1922) authored “Happiness Is a Warm Puppy.”
(SSFC, 11/25/12, DB p.46)
1962 Alexander Solzhenitsyn (43) published "One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovitch." It first appeared in the Soviet magazine Novy Mir. In 1998 D.M. Thomas published the biography: Alexander Solzhenitsyn: A Century in His Life." In 1985 Michael Scammell published his biography: "Solzhenitsyn."
(SFEC, 3/8/98, BR p.9)
1962 Dido Sotiriou authored “Farewell Anatolia,” a novel of 2 shepherd boys, one Christian and one Muslim, who go off to fight on opposite sides during the Greek-Turkish war of 1919-22.
(Econ, 7/17/04, p.79)
1962 John Steinbeck published his American journal "Travels with Charley." It was based on a 1960 trip across America with his French poodle.
(SFEC, 6/21/98, DB p.35)(SSFC, 2/24/02, p.M1)
1962 Dr. Edward Thorpe published "Beat the Dealer," a player’s guide on how to win in casino blackjack.
(SFC, 11/3/98, p.C2)
1962 Nicolo Tucci ( d.1999 at 91) published his first English novel "Before My Time." Tucci had worked for the propaganda ministry of Benito Mussolini, but moved to NY in 1938 and took up anti-fascist propaganda.
(SFC, 12/16/99, p.A33)
1962 "Animal Dispersion in Relation to Social Behavior" by V.C. Wynne-Edwards was published.
(NH, 5/96, p.13)
1962 Marvel comics introduced "The Incredible Hulk" and "The Amazing Spider Man."
(WSJ, 5/23/01, p.A24)
1962 Ralph Ginzburg (b.1929) began publishing Eros, an erotic art quarterly in NYC. A year later he was convicted in Philadelphia for salacious promotional methods. He wound up serving 8 months of a 5 year sentence.
(SFC, 7/7/06, p.B9)
1962 Herb Gardner’s comedy "A Thousand Clowns" was first staged.
(WSJ, 7/26/96, p.A9)
1962 The Broadway show "Little Me" played with burlesque star Joey Faye (d.1997) and Cid Caesar.
(SFC, 4/28/97, p.A18)
1962 The Broadway show "No Strings" starred Richard Kiley and Diane Carroll. It was written by Samuel Taylor and was the only Broadway musical for which Richard Rogers wrote the music and lyrics.
(SFC, 3/6/99, p.A21)(SFC, 5/27/00, p.A26)
1962 Edward Albee’s "Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf" hit Broadway with the first public use of four letter words.
(TMC, 1994, p.1962)
1962 The musical "Little Me" was adopted by Paul Simon and based on the 1961 mock memoir by Patrick Dennis of a farm girl turned Hollywood star.
(WSJ, 11/18/98, p.A20)
1962 The 1937 novel "I Can Get It for You Wholesale" by Jerome Weidman was transformed into a Broadway musical which featured Elliot Gould and the debut of Barbra Streisand.
(SFC, 10/8/98, p.C4)
1962 Robert Smith, a disk jockey in Shreveport, La., took on the name "Wolfman Jack."
(SFC, 12/30/99, p.E3)
1962 The TV series "Combat" starred Dick Peabody (d.2000 at 74) as private Littlejohn. The series ran to 1967.
(SFC, 1/14/00, p.D4)
1962 The "Match Game" with host Gene Rayburn (d.1999 at 81) made its debut on Dec 31 and ran for 7 years.
(SFC, 12/3/99, p.D7)
1962 The TV show "Frontier Circus" featured Richard Hanley Jaeckel (d.1997) as cowboy scout Tony Gentry.
(SFC, 6/17/97, p.A22)
1962 The TV series “The Virginian” starred James Drury and Doug McClure. It was based on the 1902 novel by Owen Wister (1860-1938).
(AH, 10/02, p.20)
1962 "The War Requiem" by Benjamin Britten premiered at the reconsecration of the bombed-out Coventry Cathedral. It juxtaposed sections from the Mass for the Dead with verse by WW I poet Wilfred Owen.
(SFEM, 5/17/98, p.6)
1962 Sir Michael Tippett, British composer, premiered his 2nd opera "King Priam."
(SFC, 1/10/98, p.A19)
1962 Tony Bennett won his first Grammy Award for “I Left My Heart in San Francisco,” the record of the year. It was the B side of a record that featured “Once Upon a Time” on the A side.
(SFC, 1/25/12, p.A11)
1962 Booker T. & the MGs made a hit with their instrumental “Green Onions.”
(SFC, 5/14/12, p.C5)
1962 Johnny Burke wrote the hit song "Misty."
(WSJ, 2/2/00, p.W8)
1962 Miles Davis and Gill Evans collaborated to produce "Quiet Nights," a bossa nova album.
(SFC, 9/1/96, DB p.42)
1962 The jazz tune "Easy Money" was written by Benny Carter.
1962 John Lee Hooker sang "Boom Boom."
(SFC, 11/12/02, p.D1)
1962 Vinicius de Moraes, inspired by the stroll of a young woman (18) headed for Copacabana, wrote a poem that became known as “The Girl of Ipanema.” It was put to music by Jaoa Gilberto and Stan Getz and sung by Gilberto’s wife, Astrud. The song won a Grammy for Record of the Year in 1964. The young woman, Heloisa Eneida Menezes Paes Pinto, never made a dime off the song but opened a modeling agency and a clothing store near the site.
(SSFC, 9/30/07, p.G3)
1962 The 4 Osmond brothers, under the direction of their father, George Osmond (1917-2007), debuted on the Andy Williams show. Donny Osmond, at age 6, joined the group a year later. Marie Osmond joined the group in 1973. In 1976 the Donny and Marie show began on ABC.
(SFC, 11/9/07, p.B7)
1962 Malvina Reynolds (1900-1978) wrote her song: "Little boxes on the hillside, Little boxes made of ticky tacky..." She came up with the song when she saw the housing developments around Daly City, California built in the post-war era by Henry Doelger, particularly the neighborhood of Westlake. The song became a hit for her friend Pete Seeger in 1963.
1962 Mary Wells sang "You Beat me to the Punch."
(SFC, 11/12/02, p.D1)
1962 The Miracles sang "You’ve Really Got a Hold on Me."
(SFC, 11/12/02, p.D1)
1962 Quincy Jones produced the US debut album of Nana Mouskouri: "The Girl from Greece Sings."
(SFC, 6/4/97, p.E1)
1962 Charles Mingus staged a performance of his epic "Epitaph," a piece that mixed symphonic tone poems with brassy big-band jazz. This was the only staging of the piece during his lifetime and was not a success. It was used in the 1998 film Charles Mingus: Triumph of the Underdog."
(SFEC, 4/12/98, DB p.56)
1962 Bass Player Beverly Peer (1913-1997) joined singer-pianist Bobby Short.
(SFC, 1/27/97, p.A20)
1962 The Beatles released their first single: "Love me Do."
(SFEM, 3/9/96, p.20)
1962 Ray Charles made a hit with "I Can’t Stop Loving You."
(SSFC, 7/28/02, Par p.20)
1962 Bob Dylan (b. Robert Zimmerman May 24, 1941) released his first album “Bob Dylan.” Zimmerman legally changed his name to Bob Dylan in this year.
(SFC, 5/29/97, p.A3)(SFC, 9/26/05, C3)(SSFC, 11/20/05, Par p.4)
1962 Pat Boone recorded his hit "Speedy Gonzalez."
(SFEC, 1/26/97 DB, p.40)
1962 Chas Chandler (1939-1996) helped found the rock group "Animals" along with Hilton Valentine, Alan Price, John Steel and Eric Burdon.
(SFC, 7/18/96, p.A22)
1962 The Four Seasons with lead singer Frankie Valli had No. 1 hits with “Sherry” and “Big Girls Don’t Cry.”
(WSJ, 11/2/05, p.D12)
1962 Jerry Garcia, later of the Grateful Dead, played a 5-string banjo in the bluegrass band ‘The Hart Valley Drifters," later renamed "The Wildwood Boys."
1962 Mick Jagger and Keith Richards formed The Rolling Stones in London.
(USAT, 3/24/99, p.5E)
1962 Lou Rawls (1935-2006) released his 1st solo jazz album “Stormy Monday” recorded with the Les McCann Trio.
(AP, 1/6/06)(SFC, 1/6/06, p.B5)
1962 The 1st Van Cliburn Int’l. Piano Competition was held in Fort Worth, Texas.
1962 Danny Thomas founded the St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital in Memphis, Tenn.
(SSFC, 4/20/03, Par p.5)
1962 The McMath Solar Observatory at Kitt Peak, Arizona, was completed. It was designed by architect Myron Goldsmith (1918-1996). He also designed the Oakland coliseum and the great silver canopy of the SF Bay Bridge toll plaza. He had studied in Chicago under Ludwig Mies van der Rohe.
(SFC, 7/17/96, A18)
1962 The Dan Ryan freeway opened along the south side of Chicago. It was named after a late president of the Cook county Board of Commissioners.
(WSJ, 4/21/06, p.A1)
1962 The TWA terminal at Idlewild was designed by Eero Saarinen (d.1961).
(Hem., 5/97, p.70)(HNQ, 1/28/01)
1962 The planned community in Reston, Va., was built.
(SFC, 11/4/98, Z1 p.4)
1962 Time magazine called Presbyterian Rev. Robert McAfee Brown (d.2001 at 71) "the Catholic’s favorite Protestant." His books included "The Spirit of Protestantism."
(SFC, 9/13/01, p.C7)
1962 Jimmy Breslin, columnist for the New York Herald-Tribune, began a new column based on day-to-day city events based on conversations and insights and thus began the style called the New Journalism.
(SFEC, 9/29/96, C15)
1962 Edward Keating (d.2003 at 77) founded Ramparts, a small Catholic magazine that grew to become a strong voice against the Vietnam War.
(SFC, 4/9/03, p.A31)
1962 Joseph Lyford (1918-1992), Chicago-born author, studied the inner workings of Vandalia, Ill., and published the book-length report “The Talk in Vandalia.” He became a journalism teacher in California and died in Orinda, Ca.
(http://tinyurl.com/ayxfwmj)(Econ, 12/22/12, p.42)
1962 Prof. Edward Shils (d.1995) founded the quarterly journal Minerva. It focused on science, policy and higher education.
(WSJ, 7/21/97, p.A22)
1962 Yves Saint Laurent (b.1936), a fashion designer at the house of Dior, founded his own fashion house. Laurent announced his retirement in 2002.
(SFC, 6/9/98, p.D3)(SFC, 1/8/02, p.A6)
1962 Dr. Helen Glaser (d.1999 at 75) first called public attention to the adolescent problem of glue sniffing in a paper published by the AMA.
(SFC, 10/7/99, p.C4)
1962 San Francisco’s new Lowell High School campus opened on 27 acres at Eucalyptus Drive off 19th Avenue.
(SFC, 5/26/12, p.A9)
1962 SF Bay Area property developer Joseph Eichler constructed a set of 2-story townhouses on Amber Drive and Amethyst Way in SF.
(SSFC, 2/10/13, p.C4)
1962 Crown Point Press began operating from a basement art-print shop in Richmond, Ca. It introduced a whole generation of artists to the art of etching. "Ink, Paper, Metal, Wood: Painters and Sculptors at Crown Point Press" by Kathan Brown was published in 1996.
(SFEM, 9/22/96, p.36)(SFC,1/21/97, p.B4)
1962 The Gleneagles Golf Course was built in McLaren Park by the San Francisco Recreation and Park Dept. with a design by Jack Fleming.
(SSFC, 2/14/10, p.C1)
1962 Shunryu Suzuki (aka Suzuki Roshi), a Buddhist priest from Japan, together with his students founded the San Francisco Zen Center out of a small temple in Japantown. The group later moved to a brick building in Hayes Valley designed by Julia Morgan.
(SFC, 3/12/12, p.A1)
1962 The holistic centers of Esalen, Big Sur, Ca., and Findhorn, northeast Scotland, were founded. Esalen featured on its faculty in the sixties such people as: Linus Pauling, Paul Tillich, B.F. Skinner, Virginia Satir, Carlos Castaneda and Ken Kesey.
(Hem, Mar. 95, p.87)
1962 In Berkeley, Ca., 4 Protestant seminaries formed the Graduate Theological Union. In 1964 theologian John Dillenberger (1918-2008) became its first president.
(SFC, 2/19/08, p.B3)
1962 Ground was broken for the new Stanford Linear Accelerator Center at Stanford Univ., Ca. Atom smashing began in 1966. [see Dec 11, 1952] US Congress had approved funds in 1961. The project was led by Wolfgang K.H. Panofsky (1919-2007).
(SFC, 9/30/02, p.A5)(SFC, 9/26/07, p.B7)
1962 Joshua Miner brought the British Outward Bound program to the US. He studied its principals with Kurt Hahn, a German refugee who founded the organization In Britain during WW II as a survival training program or merchant seamen.
(WSJ, 7/24/97, p.A1)
1962 The Weatherly, a 12-meter yacht designed by Philip H. Rhodes (d.1998 at 72) and his father Philip L. Rhodes, successfully defended the America’s Cup.
(SFC, 5/27/98, p.C3)
1962 Football stars Paul Hornung and Alex Karras were suspended for gambling on games.
(SFC, 12/7/96, p.A1)
1962 Franklin Mieuli (1920-2010), SF Bay Area radio and TV producer, brought the Warriors basketball team from Philadelphia to SF with superstar Wilt Chamberlain. Mr. Mieuli and 32 partners purchased the Warriors from Eddie Gottlieb for $850,000. The SF Warriors basketball team chose the Cow Palace in Daly City, Ca., as its new arena. In 1986 Mieuli sold his share in the team to Jim Fitzgerald for a reported $16-19 million.
(SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W39)(SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W29)(SFC, 2/28/08, p.A11)(SFC, 4/26/10, p.A8)
1962 Pres. Kennedy signed an Executive Order maintaining the right of federal employees to join unions and negotiate on many issues.
(SFC, 10/4/02, p.A17)
1962 The CIA established its code-named Operation Mongoose spurred by Attorney Gen’l. Robert Kennedy to get rid of Fidel Castro.
1962 Military spending this year rose to $55 billion.
(SSFC, 6/9/02, p.A4)
1962 The Pentagon awarded a $7 billion contract to General Dynamics for the TFX fighter-bomber, later known as the F-111. It rescued the company from a deep financial hole and was $400 million more than a bid by Boeing.
(SFC, 11/18/96, p.B7)
1962 The US Supreme Court ruled in Schempp vs. the Abington School District that the ceremonial reading of the Bible and prayer in public schools is unconstitutional.
(SFC, 8/6/99, p.D4)
1962 A Federal court ruled that the Hopi have exclusive use of District 6. The remainder of the reservation became a Joint Use Area (JUA) with the Navajo.
(SFEC, 5/4/97, z1 p.4)
1962 Wolfgang Vogel, East Berlin lawyer and confidant to Erich Honnecker, secured the release of US pilot Gary Powers (captured 5/1/60) in exchange for Soviet spy Rudolf Abel. During his 30-year career he secured the release of more than 100 agents and helped shepherd nearly 34,000 political prisoners and 215,000 East Germans to freedom in the West. Powers, was returned to the West across the Glienicker Bridge in Potsdam, Germany, after being held for 21 months.
(SFC, 11/30/96, p.A14)(SFEC, 7/27/97, p.T6)
1962 Economist Arthur Okun (1928-1980) proposed an economic relationship relating unemployment to losses in a country's production. It came to be know as Okun’s Law.
1962 The first chemical munitions arrived at Oregon’s Umatilla Chemical Depot and kept coming until 1969. It was all done in secret.
(SFEC, 4/27/97, p.A18)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Umatilla_Chemical_Depot)
1962 Augustus F. Hawkins (1907-2007) of south Los Angeles became the first black person from California to be elected to the US Congress.
(SFC, 11/13/07, p.D9)
1962 General Electric dropped Ronald Reagan from his $150,000 per year job as company representative due to his political views. Reagan switched to the Republican Party.
(SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F6)
1962 Jeane Dixon (1918-1997), astrologer, told Ronald Reagan that he would someday be president.
(SFEC, 1/26/97, p.B6)
1962 The Virginia General Assembly declared George Lincoln Rockwell’s American Nazi Party an enemy of the state.
(AH, 2/06, p.64)
1962 The SDS (Students for a Democratic Society) issued its manifesto: "The Port Huron Statement" that spoke of participatory democracy "as a code word for socialism." This is described by David Horowitz in his 1997 book "Radical Son: A Generational Odyssey."
(WSJ, 2/3/97, p.A12)
1962 Roger Murray (d.1998 at 86), economist, worked for the passage of the Keogh Act, which enabled self-employed people to have tax-deferred pension accounts. He earlier had originated the individual retirement account (IRA).
(SFC, 4/18/98, p.A20)
1962 The Florida Miccosukee Indian tribe gained federal recognition after its leaders made a state visit to Fidel Castro.
(SFC, 12/29/98, p.A4)
1962 American Airlines rolled out its proprietary computerized reservation system, Sabre.
(Econ, 4/3/04, p.70)
1962 Binney & Smith Inc., makers of Crayola crayons, adopted the name "peach" to replace the color "flesh."
(SFC, 7/28/99, p.B12)
1962 The B&O Railroad merged with the Chesapeake & Ohio and disappeared completely in 1987.
(SFEC, 4/25/99, p.T6)
1962 Dow Jones launched the weekly National Observer, a general interest national newspaper. The paper closed in 1977 with cumulative losses of $16.2 million.
(WSJ, 8/1/07, p.B6)
1962 Charles Evans (1926-2007) sold his Evan-Picone fashion house for a small fortune and reinvented himself as a real estate developer in New Jersey and Connecticut. In 1981 he produced the film “Tootsie.”
(WSJ, 6/9/07, p.A6)
1962 Greyhound Corp. bought out Boothe Leasing.
(SFC, 9/12/96, p.A26)
1962 Edwin Traisman (1915-2007), food researcher for McDonald’s, patented a method for preparing frozen French fried potatoes. In 1968 his associate Ken Strong patented a method for quick frying cut potatoes before freezing along with a short steam blanch to preserve sugars and other flavors. Traisman was instrumental in the development of Cheese Whiz for Kraft Foods and had bought the first McDonald’s franchise in Madison, Wis., in the late 1950s.
(SFC, 6/9/07, p.B6)
1962 Parker Brothers produced the TV show board game: “Mr. Ed the Talking Horse.”
(SFC, 11/30/05, p.G3)
1962 The 1st Jeep Wagoneer, a precursor to the SUV, ran in a 2-or-4 wheel drive mode.
(WSJ, 9/16/05, p.W12)
1962 Glen Bell Jr. (d.2010 at 86) founded the Taco Bell fast food chain in Downey, Ca. He had launched Bell’s Drive-In in 1948 in San Bernadino and later helped establish Taco Tias in Los Angeles, El Tacos in the Long Beach area and the Der Wienerschnitzel hot dog chain. In 1978 he sold his 868 Taco Bell restaurants to PepsiCo for $125 million in stock.
(SFC, 1/19/10, p.C4)
1962 The Stauffer Chemical Co. began buying the Iron Mountain mine in northern California. Stauffer’s was later bought by the French firm Rhone Poulenc.
1962 The Studebaker car company went into bankruptcy. A little money left over went into the design and production of a few hundred Avanti sports cars.
(WSJ, 6/13/96, p.A12)
1962 Sam Walton of Bentonville, Ark., founder of Wal-Mart (1950), started his Wal-Mart discount chain. It became America's biggest retailer in 1990. In 2004 Liza Featherstone authored “Selling Women Short: The Landmark Battle for Workers’ Rights at Wal-Mart.” In 2006 Charles Fishman authored “The Wal-Mart Effect: How the World’s Most Powerful Company Really Works – And How It’s Transforming the American Economy” and Anthony Bianco authored “The Bully of Bentonville: How the High Cost of Wal-Mart’s Everyday Low Prices is Hurting America.”
(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R42)(Econ, 9/11/04, p.62)(Econ, 2/25/06, p.80, 85)
1962 Sears, the Chicago-based retailer, hired film star Vincent Price to pick art pieces and serve as spokesman for selling its “Vincent price Collection of Fine Art.”
(WSJ, 8/23/05, p.D8)
1962 The S.S. France cruise ship entered transatlantic service.
(SFEC, 1/17/99, p.T12)
1962 Union Oil of California (Unocal) introduced a large orange ball to display its “76” logo at West Coast gas stations. The balls started coming down in 2003.
(WSJ, 1/20/07, p.A9)
1962 AT&T Bell Labs scientists invented the communications satellite.
(WSJ, 9/22/95, p.A-7)
1962 Corning Inc. invented an ultra-strong glass. In 1964 it developed a method called “fusion draw” to manufacture what it called “Gorilla glass.” It only found strong commercial use with the development of LCDs for laptop computers and TVs.
(SFC, 8/2/10, p.D3)
1962 Nick Holonyak Jr., an engineer for General Electric, built the first light-emitting diode (LED). GE patented the discovery.
(WSJ, 6/8/06, p.B6)(Econ, 9/23/06, TQ p.26)
1962 Charles Molnar (1935-1996) and Wesley A. Clark led a team that developed a machine widely considered as the first personal computer. They made the Laboratory Instrument Computer (LINC) intended for doctors and medical researchers. It was self-contained with a simple operating system. It has a small display and used magnetic tape for storing programs.
(SFC, 12/16/96, p.A24)
1962 The first radar signals were bounced off of the sun's surface and provided accurate figures for geometrical measurements of the solar system.
(I&I, Penzias, p.179)
1962 NASA ended its Mercury 13 program. In 2003 Martha Ackermann authored "The Mercury 13: The Untold Story of the Thirteen American Women and the Dream of Space Flight."
(SSFC, 6/15/03, p.M4)
1962 Ross Perot founded Electronic Data Systems (EDS). The company pioneered the business of outsourced data management. In 1984 Perot sold the firm to General Motors. GM spun it off in 1996. In 2008 Hewlett-Packard acquired EDS for $13.9 billion.
(Econ, 5/17/08, p.78)
1962 Steve Russell at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology created "Spacewar!", one of the earliest video games for a digital computer.
1962 Walter Annenberg, owner of the Philadelphia Enquirer, established the M.L. Annenberg School for Communication at the Univ. of Pennsylvania.
(SFC, 10/2/02, p.A2)
1962 Kohl’s discount department store was founded in Wisconsin. The company went public in 1992 and by 2009 it counted 1,059 stores nationwide, including 121 in California.
(SFC, 8/5/09, p.C1)
1962 John Glenn went into space for three orbits under the Mercury space program. He was able to circle the Earth in 100 minutes. In case of mishap the Kennedy administration had ready a plan called "Operation Dirty Trick" to blame any disaster on Fidel Castro.
(TMC, 1994, p.1962)(Hem., 2/96, p.43)(SFC, 3/10/97, p.A16)(SFC,11/19/97, p.A4)
1962 Frank Drake (b.1930), American astronomer, formulated a calculation, the Drake equation, for the likelihood of establishing contact with aliens.
(Econ, 2/27/10, p.87)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Drake_equation)
1962 Arnold Friedman led the group that compiled "Classification of Headache."
(WSJ, 6/17/96, p.A1)
1962 Dr. Robert Good (d.2003 at 81) identified the thymus gland as a primary source for the body's defense mechanisms.
(SFC, 6/19/03, p.A1)
1962 The drug thalidomide crippled thousands of babies.
(TMC, 1994, p.1962)
1962 Herpes was reported to have been transmitted by an accidental needle stick.
(SFC, 4/13/98, p.A6)
1962 Sep 13, Pres. John F. Kennedy signed a bill into law creating the Point Reyes National Seashore. Boyd Stewart, a Marin, Ca., cattleman, helped create the Point Reyes National Seashore on 70,000 acres of grassland.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Point_Reyes_National_Seashore)(SFC, 1/1/05, p.A14)(SSFC, 5/19/13, p.A2)
1962 A fire broke out in a garbage dump above an abandoned coal mine in Centralia, Pen. The property had been deeded to the town in 1954 for $1. The fire spread and burned for years. In 1983 US Congress approved $42 million to help the residents move, and by 2005 only about a dozen residents remained. In 2007 Joan Quigley authored “The Day the Earth Caved In: An American Mining Tragedy.”
(WSJ, 4/17/07, p.D6)
1962 A fire at the Golden Hotel in Reno, Nev., claimed 6 lives.
1962 Rex Bell, cowboy film star, died. His wife was Clara Bow.
(SFC, 6/1/01, p.C11)
1962 Elbert Botts (b.1893), Caltrans chemist, died. He invented the "Botts dots," highway lane markers that were first installed in California in 1966.
(SFC, 1/18/97, p.A15)
1962 Michael Dillon, born in England in 1915 as Laura Dillon, died in Dalhousie, India. He was the 1st person to undergo a successful female-to-male sex change (1946-1949). In the 1950s he fell in love with Roberta Cowell, a pre-operative male-to-female. In 2007 Pagan Kennedy authored “The first Man-Made Man: The Story of Two Sex Changes, One Love Affair and a Twentieth-Century Medical Revolution.”
(SSFC, 3/18/07, p.M3)
1962 Robinson Jeffers (b.1887), poet, died. In 2001 Tim Hunt edited "Selected Poetry of Robinson Jeffers."
(SFC, 4/22/01, BR p.1)
1962 Morris Louis (b.1912), artist, died.
(SFC, 7/31/01, p.B5)
1962 Marilyn Monroe died of an overdose of sleeping pills.
(TMC, 1994, p.1962)
1962 Eleanor Roosevelt, wife of former president Franklin Roosevelt, died.
(USAT, 6/28/96, p.13A)
1962 Al Tomaini, an 8-foot-4-inch circus performer and husband to Jeanie Tomaini, billed as the "World’s Only Living Half Woman," died.
(WSJ, 1/23/97, p.A12)
1962 Bruno Walter (b1876), conductor, died in Beverly Hills. He published his autobiography "Theme and Variations" in 1946. In 2001 Erik Ryding and Rebecca Pechefsky authored the biography "Bruno Walter: A World Elsewhere."
(WSJ, 8/16/01, p.A12)
1962 Abu Dhabi began exporting the oil it just discovered off its shores.
1962 A gas fire in Algeria called “The Devil’s Cigarette Lighter” had burned for 6 months until it was put out by Texas firefighter Red Adair (1915-2004).
(Econ, 8/14/04, p.78)
1962 Adolph Eichmann, the Nazi war criminal, was nabbed in Argentina by Peter Malkin in 1960 and taken to Israel where he was tried, found guilty and hung.
(SFEC, 11/3/96, Par p.13)
1962 Australia granted Aborigines the right to vote.
(Econ, 5/7/05, Survey p.14)
1962 In the Bahamas Huntington Harford, A&P supermarket heir, persuaded the authorities to rename Hog Island, across the bay from Nassau, to Paradise Island.
(WSJ, 7/1/98, p.A1)
1962 In Britain the Federation of Student Islamic Societies (FOSIS) was formed.
(Econ, 1/9/10, p.61)
1962 In Britain John Vassal (1925-1996), an Admiralty clerk, was arrested for spying. He had been blackmailed into spying as an attaché in Moscow in 1955 with sex photographs with 2-3 men. The scandal helped to end the career of Prime Minister Harold Macmillan.
(SFC, 12/6/96, p.B8)
1962 In Britain Investigative reporter Peter Earle (d.1997 at 71) uncovered the call-girl ring run by osteopath Stephen Ward. The investigation snowballed into the Profumo scandal that revealed Minister of War, John Profumo, involved in an affair with Christine Keeler, who was conducting a simultaneous affair with a Soviet military attaché. The scandal brought down the government of Prime minister Harold Macmillan. The events were dramatized in the film "Scandal."
(SFEC, 4/27/97, p.B8)
1962 Denys Fisher, an English inventor, made a tool to help draw waves for scientific use, but it was not adopted. His family thought it would a good toy for children and in 1965 it was made into a kit and showed at an int’l. toy show. Kenner bought the toy and sold it as the Spirograph.
(SFC, 10/17/07, p.G2)
1962 Burma under military rule established the Printers and Publishers Registration Act. It threatened loss of license for threats to peace and security and harm to the reputation of a government department.
(Econ, 8/25/12, p.32)
1962 Burundi gained independence from Belgium. The United Nations trust territory of Ruanda-Urundi in east-central Africa was divided into the independent nations of Rwanda and Burundi. Prior to WWI the kingdoms of Ruanda and Urundi were made part of German East Africa, which was conquered by British and Belgian troops during WWI and became a Belgian mandate in 1923.
(SFEC, 1/12/97, p.A12)(HNQ, 11/4/99)
1962 The Int’l. Court of Justice awarded the Preah Vihear temple, located on the Cambodia-Thai border, to Cambodia, but did not specify where the border should be drawn.
(Econ, 7/26/08, p.47)
1962 In Ontario, Canada, the town of Niagara-on-the-Lake began its Shaw festival, producing plays written during George Bernard Shaw’s lifetime, i.e. 1856-1950.
(WSJ, 8/29/97, p.A9)
1962 Chinese immigrants began to arrive in Northern Ireland. By 1996 they began experiencing racial prejudice and violence against their businesses, mostly in the form of robberies.
(SFC, 6/30/96, A11)
1962 Cuban bassist Israel Lopez (1918-2008), known as “Cachao,” left Cuba for Spain and soon relocated to NYC, where he performed with leading Latin bands.
(SSFC, 3/23/08, p.A2)
1962 Estonia convicted US resident Karl Linnas in absentia of being a Nazi war criminal and sentenced him to death.
1962 In France a museum was added to the Chateau Mouton Rothschild. It housed a priceless collection of artwork related to wine.
(SFEC, 2/1/98, p.T4)
1962 In France Paul Louis Halley (1934-2003) opened his first supermarket under the Promodes name. Following major acquisitions in 1988, 1996 and 1997 Promodes merged with rival Carrefour (1999) and took its name.
(WSJ, 4/15/08, p.B2)
1962 Aribert Heim (48) was charged by German authorities with killing hundreds of concentration inmates in Germany and Austria with lethal injections. He is thought to have evaded capture in Germany, Argentina, Denmark, Brazil and Spain. During WW II Heim earned the nickname of "Dr. Death" for experimenting on inmates at the Buchenwald and Mauthausen camps. In 1979 Heim was indicted in Germany in absentia on hundreds of counts of murder. In 2005 he was tracked to Spain. In 2009 new information indicated that he had died in Egypt in 1992.
(AP, 10/15/05)(AP, 2/5/09)
1962 In Greece the Derveni Papyrus, originally several yards of papyrus rolled around two wooden runners, was found half burnt. It dates to around 340 BC, during the reign of Philip II of Macedon, father of Alexander the Great. The Derveni grave, about five miles northwest of Thessaloniki, was part of a rich cemetery belonging to the ancient city of Lete.
1962 The US Peace Corps began operating in Honduras.
1962 In Ireland the Dubliners folk band formed in the Dublin pub O'Donoghue's. The founders included Barney McKenna (1939-2012), Ronnie Drew (d.2008), Ciaran Bourke (d.1988) and Luke Kelly (d.1984).
1962 In Dublin Gay Byrne began hosting "The Late Late Show" on the new state run RTE TV station. Byrne retired after 37 years.
(SFC, 5/22/99, p.A14)
1962 In Italy valuables stripped from Jews during the war were moved to a vault in central Rome.
(SFC, 2/3/97, p.C3)
1962 Ryoichi Sasakawa (d.1995), billionaire boat racing tycoon, founded a foundation to support Japanese nationalistic projects. It came to be called the Nippon Foundation.
(WSJ, 2/15/05, p.A11)
1962 Oceanographers sailed to view the predicted eruption of Myojin, an undersea volcano south of Japan. It blew beneath them and nobody survived.
(SFEC, 9/10/00, Z1 p.2)
1962 The Japanese film “Harakiri” starred Tatsuya Nakadai and was directed by Masaki Kobayashi.
(WSJ, 7/2/08, p.B13)
1962 The film "Sanjuro" (Tsubaki sanjuro) starred Toshiro Mifune. It was directed by Akira Kurosawa.
(SFC,12/26/97, p.C3)(SFC, 9/7/98, p.A21)
1962 Kuwait passed a law requiring women to get their husband's signature to obtain a passport.
1962 The first constitution of Morocco was ratified. It guaranteed freedom of the press and religion and created an elected legislature. Article 19 of the constitution enshrined the king’s role as Commander of the Faithful.
(SFC, 7/24/99, p.A9)(Econ, 6/18/11, p.52)
1962 In Russia Alexander Lebed (12) recalled seeing troops shoot striking laborers while growing up in Novocherkassk. Workers there protested against falling wages and rising prices with placards that read: “Cut up Khrushchev for sausages.”
(SFC, 10/18/96, A15)(Econ, 4/15/06, p.85)
1962 Rwanda established independence from Belgium. The Hutu majority leadership clung to giant money-losing state enterprises, while the Tutsi minority established itself in the private sector and made better livings. The United Nations trust territory of Ruanda-Urundi in east-central Africa was divided into the independent nations of Rwanda and Burundi. Prior to WWI the kingdoms of Ruanda and Urundi were made part of German East Africa, which was conquered by British and Belgian troops during WWI and became a Belgian mandate in 1923.
(SFC, 1/27/98, p.A8)(HNQ, 11/4/99)
1962 In Tibet the Panchem Lama, senior Buddhist cleric after the Dalai Lama, issued a 120-page report that described conditions in Tibet under Chinese control: "The 70,000 Character Petition." He described starvation due to the Chinese "Great leap Forward" program when authorities confiscated the nomad’s food reserves. The Panchem Lama was arrested and sent to Beijing for rehabilitation [for 14 years] until 1988.
(SFEC, 10/7/96, A12)(SFC, 2/12/98, p.A12)
1962 The Chinese exacted control over western Tibet and many nomad refugees fled to Ladakh. Only 70 of Tibet’s 2,500 Buddhist monasteries remained.
(SFEC,12/14/97, p.T4)(SFC, 2/12/98, p.A12)
1962 Venezuela’s Pres. Romulo Bettancourt announced the cessation of oil exploration concessions to private companies. His energy minister became OPEC’s founder.
(WSJ, 1/05/00, p.A11)
1962-1963 Merv Griffin hosted the daytime talk show “The Merv Griffin Show.”
(WSJ, 8/15/07, p.D12)
1962-1963 Ahmed Ben Bella, Algerian statesman, served as prime minister. He served as president from 1963 to 1965.
(WUD, 1994 p.137)(http://www.rulers.org/indexb2.html)
1962-1965 The Second Vatican Council was held. It had a reforming spirit, ecumenical openness and democratic impulses. Rev. Francis X. Murphy (d.2002) covered the Vatican Council. In 1963 he published "Letters from Vatican City: Vatican Council II." In 1968 he published "Vatican Council II," a history of the council.
(SFC, 8/15/96, p.A3)(SFC, 4/16/02, p.A18)
1962-1967 Lawrence Halprin served as the master designer for the Sea Ranch development at the Rancho del Mar sheep ranch on the Northern California coast. His proposal for the FDR Monument in Washington was accepted in 1974. Sea Ranch was completed in 1998 with 1,600 homes on 4,000 acres. In 2004 Donlyn Lyndon and Jim Alinder authored “The Sea Ranch.” Developer and architect Alfred Boeke (1923-2011) hired Halprin for the project.
(SFEM, 8/10/97, p.31)(SSFC, 5/23/04, p.M6)(SFC, 11/18/11, p.C5)
1962-1970 Ivan Allen Jr. (d.2003 at 92) served as mayor of Atlanta following the retirement of William Hartsfield. Allen desegregated city government the day he took office.
(SFC, 7/3/03, p.A25)
1962-1971 US military tanker planes and helicopters sprayed 20 million gallons of Agent Orange and other defoliants in Operation Ranch Hand to deny cover to communist forces. The defoliants were contaminated with TCDD, the most dangerous form of dioxin. In 2004 Philip Jones Griffith, photojournalist, authored "Agent Orange: Collateral Damage in Vietnam."
(SFC, 5/17/01, p.A12)(Econ, 1/31/04, p.82)
1962-1972 In Vietnam giant US tanker planes sprayed millions of gallons of Agent Orange on the once lush DMZ in order to eradicate the enemy’s jungle cover. Some 12 million gallons of Agent Orange were sprayed over parts of southern and central Vietnam from 1961-1971. The total included some 375 pounds of dioxin. In 1998 a nationwide survey was planned to count the victims. American involvement in the Vietnam War was analyzed by H.R. McMaster In his 1997 book: "Dereliction of Duty: Lyndon Johnson, Robert McNamara, the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the Lies that Led to Vietnam." Agent Orange used dioxins as the active ingredient in the herbicide. Anti-war activist Jane Fonda at one point laid nude in a rice field near Sacramento and California Republican Assembly leader Charles J. Conrad (d.1998) suggested spraying defoliants on her.
(WSJ,2/12/97, p.A1)(SFC, 10/13/97, p.A23)(SFC, 1/22/98, p.E4)(SFC, 7/25/98, p.A10)
1962-1973 In 2001 the Pentagon began to publicly release details on the existence of Project SHAD and its umbrella program, Project 112, which involved distribution of nonlethal bacteria and occasionally real chemical or biological weapons. In 2008 the US Defense Department said 6,440 service members took part in 50 tests under Project 112 during this period, including open-air tests above a half-dozen US states. Defense officials essentially closed the books on Project 112 in 2003.
1962-1973 In Utah the Deseret Test Center conducted 46 chemical warfare exercises at Fort Douglas.
(SFC, 11/1/02, p.A3)
1962-1975 A 13 year effort in Mozambique finally succeeded in eliminating the Portuguese colonists.
(WSJ, 3/21/96, p.A-11)
1962-1978 Zubin Mehta served as music director of the Los Angeles Philharmonic.
(SFC, 1/6/98, p.D1)
1962-1988 Gen’l. Ne Win ruled over Burma. During his rule he periodically reorganized the government with a purge where powerful opponents were either jailed or banished.