Return to home1963 Jan 1, In
Arizona Betty Smithey (20) murdered Sandy Gerberick, a 15-month-old
girl she had been babysitting. Smithey was convicted and sentenced
to prison for life without the possibility of parole. In 2012 she
was granted parole by the Arizona Board of Executive Clemency.
1963 Jan 2, Viet Cong downed
five U.S. helicopters in the Mekong Delta; 30 were reported to be
1963 Jan 2, In San Francisco a
gas pipeline leak at Nevada and Crescent Ave. in Bernal Heights
caused a blast that left 9 firefighters injured and led to heart
attack death of Battalion Chief Frank Lamey (63).
(SSFC, 6/26/11, p.A1, 16)
1963 Jan 2, Dick Powell
(b.1904), American film star, producer and director, died.
1963 Jan 3, Jim Everett
III, football player, was born: quarterback: Purdue Univ., LA Rams
[Pro Bowl: 1990], New Orleans Saints, San Diego Chargers.
(440 Int'l. 1/3/99)
1963 Jan 3, Telstar by The
Girl by Marcie Blane
Little Girl by Steve Lawrence
Let Me Cross Over by Carl Butler & Pearl (Dee Jones).
(440 Int'l. 1/3/99)
1963 Jan 5, "Camelot" closed at
the Majestic Theater, NYC, after 873 performances.
1963 Jan 5, "Carnival!" closes
at Imperial Theater, NYC, after 719 performances.
1963 Jan 6, "Oliver!" opened at
Imperial Theater NYC for 774 performances.
1963 Jan 6, Mutual of Omaha's
"Wild Kingdom" with Marlin Perkins (1906-1986) began on NBC. The
show continued to 1988.
1963 Jan 8, President John F.
Kennedy attended the unveiling of the Mona Lisa on loan at America's
National Gallery of Art.
(HN, 1/8/99)(MC, 1/8/02)
1963 Jan 11, The 1st
discotheque opened, Whiskey-a-go-go in LA.
1963 Jan 13, Togo’s first
president, Sylvanus Olympio, was killed by a military junta led by
Gngassigbe Eyadema (29). Eyadama suspended the constitution and
instituted direct military rule. Nicholas Grunitzky succeeded
Olympio. Gnassingbe went on to become the country's military
dictator, ruling for nearly four decades during which time he
celebrated the day of Olympio's assassination as a national holiday.
(SFC, 6/25/98, p.A12)(EWH, 1st ed., p.1172)(AP,
1963 Jan 14, George C. Wallace
was sworn in as governor of Alabama with a pledge of "segregation
1963 Jan 14, President of
France Charles de Gaulle announced the French veto on Britain's
application to join the European Common Market, the forerunner of
the European Union. De Gaulle said the British government lacked
'commitment' to European integration.
1963 Jan 16, Soviet Premier
Nikita Khrushchev made a visit to the Berlin Wall from the East
Berlin side, then delivered an address to the Communist leadership
of East Germany at the SED Party Congress.
1963 Jan 16, Nikita Khrushchev
claimed the USSR had a 100-megaton nuclear bomb.
1963 Jan 22, Gen. Charles de
Gaulle and German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer signed the
Franco-German "reconciliation treaty," aka the Elysee friendship
1963 Jan 24, In Maine a B-52
bomber encountered turbulence strong enough to snap off the vertical
stabilizer, causing it to crash onto the side of Elephant Mountain.
Seven crew members died. Gerald Adler survived along with the pilot,
Lt. Col. Dan Bulli, after spending 20 hours on the mountainside.
1963 Jan 25, Wilson Kettle
(102) died, leaving 582 living descendents.
1963 Jan 28, Jean Felix
Piccard, Swiss explorer, died on his 79th birthday.
1963 Jan 29, The first members
of football's Hall of Fame were named in Canton, Ohio.
1963 Jan 29, Poet Robert Frost
(b.1874) died in Boston at age 88. In 1999 Jay Parini published
"Robert Frost: A Life." Lawrance Thompson authored a 3-volume
(AP, 1/29/98)(SFEC, 4/18/99, BR p.3)
1963 Jan 29, Kuwait’s
constitution came into force as the new National Assembly convened.
but only a select few were eligible to vote. Power rested with the
1963 Jan, The San Francisco
produce market, begun in 1875 and displaced by development, moved
from the Embarcadero to the Bayview.
(SFC, 5/15/12, p.C5)
1963 Jan, Gen. Charles de
Gaulle and German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer signed the
Franco-German "reconciliation treaty."
(SFC, 12/25/99, p.B4)
1963 Jan, British investigative
reporter Peter Earle (d.1997 at 71) uncovered the call-girl ring run
by osteopath Stephen Ward. The investigation snowballed into the
Profumo scandal that revealed Minister of War, John Profumo,
involved in an affair with Christine Keeler, who was conducting a
simultaneous affair with a Soviet military attaché. The scandal
brought down the government of PM Harold Macmillan. The events were
dramatized in the film "Scandal."
1963 Feb 4, In Canada's Yukon
territory a small plane piloted by Ralph Flores crashed shortly
after takeoff from Whitehorse. The pilot and passenger Helen Klaben
(1941-2018) survived the crash and endured 49 days of subzero
temperatures before they were rescued.
(SFC, 12/13/18, p.C5)
1963 Feb 6, The United States
reported that all Soviet offensive arms are out of Cuba.
1963 Feb 7, The "Mona Lisa" was
unveiled at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York.
1963 Feb 8, In Iraq the Baath
Party first took power. Right-wing Baathists succeeded in mounting a
coup and executed PM Gen. Abdel Karim Qassim. Abdul Salam Arif came
to power. This was followed by a massacre of thousands of peasants,
communists and trade unionists. The Arab Baath Socialist Party
pulled off the coup and ruled Iraq for 9 months.
(HNQ, 6/20/99)(SFC, 8/6/99, p.D4)(AP,
5/26/03)(AP, 7/13/03)(NW, 9/8/03, p.32)
1963 Feb 9, 1st flight of
Boeing 727 jet.
1963 Feb 11, A CIA Domestic
Operations Division was created.
1963 Feb 11, Sylvia Plath (30),
American writer, committed suicide by gas in London after Ted Hughes
left her for another woman. Her autobiographical novel "The Bell
Jar" was published this year. She had been married to English poet
Ted Hughes (d.1998), who in 1998 published a 198 page book of verse
"Birthday Letters" based on their relationship. The woman for whom
Hughes left Plath committed suicide 5 years later. Plath’s 1981
"Collected Poems" won a Pulitzer Prize. The Plath book of poems
"Ariel" was published after her death. In 2000 her uncensored
diaries: "The Unabridged Journals of Sylvia Plath," were edited by
Karen V. Kukil. Carl Rollyson authored “American Isis: The Life and
Art of Sylvia Plath" (2013). Andrew Wilson authored “Mad Girl’s Love
Song: Sylvia Plath and Life Before Ted" (2013).
(SFC, 1/19/98, p.A10)(SFEC, 2/1/98, p.C5)(SFEC,
3/26/00, p.A25)(SFEC, 11/12/00, BR p.1)(SSFC, 2/17/13, p.F5)(Econ,
1963 Feb 12, Argentina asked
for the extradition of ex-president Peron.
1963 Feb 15, Ken Lynch recorded
"Misery." It was the 1st Lennon-McCartney song recorded by someone
(440 Int’l., 2/15/99)
1963 Feb 16, 1st round-trip
swim of Straits of Messina, Italy, was made by Mary Revell of US.
1963 Feb 17, Michael Jordon,
Chicago Bulls basketball player, was born. He led the Bulls to three
consecutive NBA titles and was considered by some to be the greatest
basketball player ever.
1963 Feb 19, The Soviet Union
informed President Kennedy it would withdraw "several thousand" of
an estimated 17,000 Soviet troops in Cuba.
1963 Feb 20, Moscow offered to
allow on-site inspection of nuclear testing.
1963 Feb 22, Moscow warned the
U.S. that an attack on Cuba would mean war.
1963 Feb 27, The USSR said that
10,000 troops would remain in Cuba.
1963 Feb-Mar, The US military,
while conducting biological weapons tests, sprayed Bacillus globigii
from aircraft near Fort Sherman Military Reservation in the Canal
(SFC, 11/1/02, p.A3)
1963 Mar 1, 200,000 French mine
workers went on strike.
1963 Mar 3, Senegal adopted a
1963 Mar 4, William Carlos
Williams (b.1883), American physician and poet, died in Rutherford,
NJ. In 2011 Herbert Leibowitz authored “Something Urgent I Have to
Say to You": The Life and Works of William Carlos Williams.
1963 Mar 4, Six people got the
death sentence in Paris plotting to kill de Gaulle.
1963 Mar 5, A private plane
crash near Camden, Tenn., claimed the lives of country music
performers Patsy Cline (30), "Cowboy" Copas and "Hawkshaw" Hawkins,
as well as pilot Randy Hughes, Cline's manager.
1963 Mar 6, Jimmy Lee Smith and
Gregory Powell (d.2012 at 79) abducted 2 Los Angeles police officers
from a Hollywood street, drove them to an onion field in Bakersfield
and shot officer Ian Campbell to death. Officer Karl Hettinger
managed to escape. Smith served 19 years for his role in the case
before he was paroled. In 1973 Joseph Wambaugh authored “The Onion
Field," a novel based on the murder. The novel was turned into a
film in 1979.
(SFC, 6/28/05, p.B8)(SFC, 8/14/12, p.A4)
1963 Mar 12, US House granted
former British Prime Minister Winston Churchill honorary U.S.
1963 Mar 13, China
invited Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev to visit Peking.
1963 Mar 16, Phung Vuong,
murderer (FBI Most Wanted List), was born in Saigon, Vietnam.
1963 Mar 16, William Beveridge
(b.1879), British economist and social reformer, died. He is perhaps
best known for his 1942 report Social Insurance and Allied Services
(known as the Beveridge Report) which served as the basis for the
post-World War II Welfare State put in place by the Labour
1963 Mar 17, In Indonesia
eruptions of Mount Agung volcano on Bali killed 1,184 people.
(SFC, 1/19/02, p.A14)(AP, 12/3/17)
1963 Mar 18, Vanessa L.
Williams, 1st black Miss America (1983), singer, was born in
1963 Mar 18, The US Supreme
Court made its Gideon v Wainwright ruling which said poor defendants
have a constitutional right to an attorney. Gideon had been forced
to defend himself in Florida in Jan 1962, and petitioned the Supreme
Court to hear his complaint.
(SFC, 11/21/03, p.D4)(SSFC, 11/30/03,
p.A31)(Econ, 4/4/09, p.39)
1963 Mar 19, In Costa Rica,
President John F. Kennedy and six Latin American presidents pledged
to fight Communism.
1963 Mar 19, Algeria demanded
that France negotiate on ending nuclear testing in Algerian Sahara.
1963 Mar 20, The 1st "Pop Art"
exhibition was held in NYC.
1963 Mar 21, The Alcatraz
federal prison island in San Francisco Bay was emptied of its last
inmates at the order of Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy.
(SFC, 6/29/96, p.E4)(SFC, 5/19/96,City Guide,
p.7)(SFC, 8/11/97, p.A12)(AP, 3/21/97)(HN, 3/21/98)
1963 Mar 21, Boxer Davey Moore
was killed by Sugar Ramos in Dodger Stadium during a nationally
televised boxing match. In 1964 Bob Dylan wrote his song “Who Killed
1963 Mar 22, British Minister
of War John Profumo denied having sex with Christine Keeler. The
Profumo call girl scandal almost toppled the government. Profumo, a
leading British Conservative and minister for war, was discovered to
have been involved with Keeler, a call girl who was also dealing
with a Soviet attaché. Valerie Hobson (d.1998 at 81), his actress
wife, stood by him after the scandal. A 1995 Masterpiece Theater TV
play was based on these events.
(TMC, 1994, p.1963)(WSJ, 12/28/95, p. A-5)(SFEC,
11/15/98, p.D5)(MC, 3/22/02)
1963 Feb 20, Rolf Hochhuth's
"Der Stellvertreter" (The Representative) premiered in Berlin. The
work indicted Pope Pius XII for Nazi complicity during WW II. The
Catholic Church was outraged at the portrayal of Pius XII as a war
criminal. An English translation by Richard and Clara Winston was
published as “The Deputy: A Play," by Grove Press in 1964. In 2002
The Deputy was made into the film “Amen." by Costa Gavras.
1963 Mar 21, The Alcatraz
federal prison island in San Francisco Bay was emptied of its last
27 inmates at the order of Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy.
(SFC, 6/29/96, p.E4)(SFC, 8/11/97, p.A12)(AP,
3/21/97)(SSFC, 2/17/13, DB p.42)
1963 Mar 27, John F. Kennedy
met with King Hassan II of Morocco.
1963 Mar 28, Alec A. Templeton
(52), composer, pianist (Alec Templeton Time), died.
1963 Mar 31, LA ended streetcar
service after 90 years.
1963 Mar, Spider-Man was
introduced by Marvel Comics with 700 copies. It was written by Stan
Lee and drawn by Steve Ditko. Their character was first introduced
(SFC, 7/8/04, p.B9)(SFC, 2/15/14, p.E4)
1963 Mar, In San Francisco the
4,000-plus seat Fox Theater at 10th and Market, designed by Thomas
Lamb and opened in 1929, was demolished.
(SSFC, 5/25/14, p.C2)(SFC, 12/10/21, p.A11)
1963 Mar, Pakistan and China
signed a historic border agreement. Three years later, the two
countries agreed to construct a road that would provide a hitherto
non-existent road-link for mutual benefit. In 1978 the Karakoram
Highway from Kashgar, China, to the edge of Rawalpindi, Pakistan,
1963 Mar, Norman Borlaug, plant
breeder, arrived in India and began testing new varieties of Mexican
wheat, whose yields were shown to be 4-5 times better than Indian
varieties. In 1970 he won the Nobel Prize for his development of
high-yield wheat varieties for which he was dubbed father of the
(SFC, 10/15/97, p.A15)(WSJ, 12/3/02, p.A1)(Econ,
1963 Mar, In Syria the pan-Arab
Baath party staged a coup. Hafez Assad played an important role.
Amin Hafez 1920-2009) was brought to power by the military coup only
to be overthrown three years later.
(WSJ, 6/12/00, p.A30)(SSFC, 5/4/03, p.A11)(AP,
1963 Apr 1, The daytime
television drama "General Hospital" and "Doctors" premiered on ABC.
Apr 1, Most of New York City's daily newspapers
resumed publishing after settlement was reached in a 114-day
strike. Workers of the International Typographical Union ended
their strike that had closed nine New York City newspapers. The
strike ended 114 days after began on December 8, 1962.
1963 Apr 2, Reverend Dr. Martin
Luther King began the first non-violent campaign in Birmingham,
1963 Apr 6, The United States
and Britain signed an agreement under which the Americans would sell
Polaris A-3 missiles to the British.
1963 Apr 8, Julian Lennon, John
Lennon’s son, singer (Too Late for Goodbyes), was born.
1963 Apr 8, In the 35th Academy
Awards "Lawrence of Arabia," Anne Bancroft and Gregory Peck won.
1963 Apr 9, British statesman
Winston Churchill was made an honorary U.S. citizen.
(AP, 4/9/97)(HN, 4/9/98)
1963 Apr 10, The USS Thresher
nuclear-powered submarine failed to surface 220 miles east of
Boston, Mass. The disaster claimed 129 lives.
1963 Apr 11, John XXIII put
forth his encyclical "On peace in truth, justice, charity and
1963 Apr 12, Police used dogs
and cattle prods on peaceful civil rights demonstrators in
1963 Apr 13, Gary Kimovich
Kasparov, world chess champion (1985-2000), was born in the USSR.
(MC, 4/13/02)(SFC, 1/16/04, p.D19)
1963 Apr 18, Dr. James Campbell
performed the 1st human nerve transplant.
1963 Apr 27, San Francisco real
estate developer Marvin L. Sheldon said he wants no negroes in any
of the homes he has built in Golden Gate Heights. He recently
rejected a $39,950 offer by Wilt Chamberlain, star of the San
Francisco Warriors, for a home.
(SSFC, 4/28/13, p.50)
1963 Apr 27, Cuban premier
Fidel Castro arrived in Moscow.
1963 Apr 28, In the 17th Tony
Awards: Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? and A Funny Thing Happened
on the Way to the Forum won.
1863 Apr, In Venezuela the
hostilities of the Federal War ended with negotiations for the
Treaty of Coche, singed on May 22. This was the biggest civil war
Venezuela had had since its independence.
1963 May 1, James Whittaker
became the 1st American to conquer Mount Everest as he and a Sherpa
guide reached the summit.
1963 May 3, In Birmingham,
Alabama, police Commissioner Bull Connor unleashed dogs and
high-powered fire hoses on boycott-bound school children.
(SFEC, 3/16/97, p.T5)(SFEC, 3/1/98, Z1 p.1)
1963 May 6, A Pulitzer prize
was awarded to Barbara Tuchman (Guns of August).
1963 May 7, The United States
launched the Telstar II communications satellite. It made the first
public transatlantic broadcast.
(HNQ, 5/3/99)(AP, 5/7/00)
1963 May 8, "Dr. No" premiered
1963 May 8, JFK offered Israel
assistance against aggression.
1963 May 8, Problems with the
Buddhists began in Hue, Vietnam. The Diem Government decided to
demonstrate its strength by enforcing a law against the display of
flags other than the national flag. In defiance, the Buddhists lined
the streets flying their flags regardless of the new law; this
defiance turned bloody when troops fired into the crowd, killing
nine. Diem now claimed that the Buddhists were affiliates of the
Communists and tightened security around the more active pagodas.
1963 May 11, "Puff The Magic
Dragon" by Peter, Paul and Mary hit #2.
1963 May 11, Racial bomb
attacks took place in Birmingham, Alabama.
1963 May 12, There was a race
riot in Birmingham, Alabama.
1963 May 15, Peter, Paul &
Mary won their 1st Grammy (If I Had a Hammer).
1963 May 15, U.S. astronaut L.
Gordon Cooper blasted off atop an Atlas rocket aboard Faith 7
on the final mission of the Project Mercury space program. He
orbited Earth 22 times and manually piloted his craft to a pinpoint
(AP, 5/15/97)(WSJ, 11/7/97, p.A1)(HN, 5/15/98)
1963 May 16, After 22 Earth
orbits Gordon Cooper returned to Earth in Friendship Seven, ending
1963 May 18, "Beast in Me"
closed at Plymouth Theater in NYC after 4 performances.
1963 May 18, "If You Wanna Be
Happy" by Jimmy Soul hit #1.
1963 May 18, In the 89th
Preakness: Bill Shoemaker aboard Candy Spots won in 1:56.2.
1963 May 18, It was reported
that American Airlines has approved a new contract allowing its
stewardesses to keep flying until they are 33, take a ground job
when they reach 32, or retire at 32 with severance pay.
(SSFC, 5/19/13, p.46)
1963 May 20, A fire in New
Jersey burned out of control and killed 7 people. Nearly 1,000 were
left homeless as the fire moved 9 miles in 6 hours on what was
called Black Saturday.
(SFC, 5/20/09, p.D8)
1963 May 20, Sukarno was
appointed president of Indonesia.
1963 May 20-1963 May 23, In
East Pakistan a cyclone killed about 22,000 along coast of the Bay
1863 May 22, The Treaty of
Coche was signed in Venezuela. Arms were laid down from the Federal
War and a general assembly called at Victoria, which elected Juan
Chrisostomo Falcon as president and Antonio Leocadio Guzman as vice
president. The latter was at the same time secretary of the
treasury, and went to London to negotiate a loan.
1963 May 25, "Hot Spot" closed
at Majestic Theater in NYC after 43 performances.
1963 May 25, The Organization
of African Unity (OAU) was founded, in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, by
Chad, Mauritania & Zambia. Emperor Haile Selassie was among the
key African leaders who founded the Organization of African Unity.
He oversaw the maiden meeting of the continental body. In 2001 it
was replaced the African Union.
(AP, 5/25/97)(SFC, 7/12/01, p.A12)(AP, 2/10/19)
1963 May 27, Jomo Kenyatta was
elected 1st prime minister of Kenya.
1963 May 28, Down Jones went
public. 110,000 shares of Dow Jones common stock were sold to the
1963 May 28, Vissarion
Yakovlevich Shebalin (60), composer, died.
1963 May 29, Lisa Whelchel,
actress (Blair-Facts of Life, Mickey Mouse Club), was born in Fort
1963 May, Timothy Leary and
Richard Alpert (32), psychology professors, were fired from Harvard
for experimenting with psychedelic drugs. Alpert later traveled to
India and returned as Ram Dass. In 1971 Alpert authored "Be Here
Now" and in 2000 published "Still Here – Embracing Aging, Changing
(SFC, 12/21/96, p.A12)(SFEC, 5/23/99, Z1
p.5)(SFC, 5/2/00, p.A2)
1963 Jun 1, R.C., "El Watusi"
by Ray Barreto peaked at #17 on the pop singles chart.
1963 Jun 1, R.C., "I Love You
Because" by Al Martino peaked at #3 on the pop singles chart.
1963 Jun 1, R.C., "It's My
Party" by Lesley Gore peaked at #1 on the pop singles chart.
1963 Jun 1, R.C., "Two Faces
Have I" by Lou Christie peaked at #6 on the pop singles chart.
1963 Jun 1, Governor George
Wallace vowed to defy an injunction ordering integration of the
University of Alabama.
1963 Jun 1, Kenya assumed
internal self rule. This was later celebrated as Madaraka Day.
(SSFC, 5/25/14, p.P3)
1963 Jun 3, Pope John XXIII
died at the age of 81, ending a papacy marked by innovative reforms
in the Roman Catholic Church. He was succeeded by Pope Paul VI.
1963 Jun 5, John Profumo
(1915-2006), British Minister of War, resigned due his relations
with Christine Keeler. [see mar 22]
1963 Jun 5, A state of siege
was proclaimed in Iran and Ayatollah Khomeini was arrested.
1963 Jun 7, The Rolling Stones
made their 1st TV appearance.
1963 Jun 7, Zasu Pitts (65),
actress (Wedding March, Life With Father), died.
1963 Jun 9, JFK named Winston
Churchill a US honorary citizen.
1963 Jun 9, A US Equal Pay Act
1963 Jun 10, JFK signed an
equal pay for equal work law for men & women.
1963 Jun 11, JFK said
segregation is morally wrong & that it is "time to act."
1963 Jun 11, Dr. Martin Luther
King, Jr. was arrested in Florida for trying to integrate
1963 Jun 11, Federal troops
were used to force Alabama Gov. George Wallace to accept black
students, Vivian Malone Jones and James Wood, at the Univ. of
Alabama. In 1996 George Wallace apologized in a formal ceremony.
Gen'l. Henry V. Graham (d.1999 at 82) of the National Guard escorted
Wallace from the doorway at Foster Auditorium.
(WSJ, 5/13/96, p.A-16)(SFC, 10/11/96, p.A3)
1963 Jun 11, Greek Premier
Constantine Caramanlis resigned in protest of King Paul's state
visit to Britain.
1963 Jun 11, Buddhist monk
Quang Duc immolated himself on a Saigon street to protest the
government of South Vietnamese President Ngo Dinh Diem.
1963 Jun 12, One of Hollywood's
costliest failures, "Cleopatra," starring Elizabeth Taylor, Richard
Burton and Rex Harrison, premiered in New York.
1963 Jun 12, Medgar Evers (37),
leader (field director) of the NAACP in Mississippi, was fatally
shot in front of his home in Jackson by the KKK. An informant in the
KKK, Delmar Dennis (1940-1996), later served as a key prosecution
witness in convicting Byron De La Beckwith for the slaying. Beckwith
was convicted of murdering Evers and sentenced to life in prison; he
died in 2001 at age 80. A book by Bill McIlhany titled “Klandestine"
recounts the story. In 1996 Whoopi Goldberg starred in the film
“Ghosts of Mississippi" as the widow of Medgar Evers. In 1998 Willie
Morris wrote “The Ghosts of Medgar Evers: A Tale of Race, Murder,
Mississippi, and Hollywood."
(SFC, 6/5/96, p.C5)(NYT, 6/7/96, p.B14)(AP,
6/12/97)(SFEC, 2/1/98, BR p.5)(SFC, 1/22/01, p.A22)
1963 Jun 15, "Sound of Music"
closed at Lunt Fontanne Theater in NYC after 1443 performances.
1963 Jun 15, Israeli premier
David Ben-Gurion resigned.
1963 Jun 16, The world's first
female space traveler, Valentina Tereshkova, was launched into orbit
by the Soviet Union aboard Vostok VI.
1963 Jun 17, The US Supreme
Court ruled 8-1 to strike down rules requiring the recitation of the
Lord's Prayer or reading of Biblical verses in public schools. The
case began in 1956 when Edward L. Schempp (d.2003), on behalf of his
son, objected to a 1949 Pennsylvania law requiring 10 Bible verses
each day followed by the Lord's Prayer and the Pledge of Allegiance.
(AP, 6/17/97)(HN, 6/17/98)(SFC, 11/24/03, p.A18)
1963 Jun 17, British House of
Commons debated the John Profumo-Christine Keeler affair, which
involved the defense minister and the call-girl he shared with a
1963 Jun 17, John Cowper Powys
(b.1872), English author, died. In 2007 Morine Krissdottir authored
“Descent of Memory: The Life of John Cowper Powys." His 10 novels
included “Wolf Solent," the story of a young man’s rebellion against
the modern world.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Cowper_Powys)(WSJ, 9/8/07, p.P9)
1963 Jun 18, 3,000 blacks
boycotted Boston public school.
1963 Jun 19, Soviet cosmonaut
Valentina Tereshkova returned to Earth after spending nearly three
days as the first woman in space.
(DTnet, 6/19/97)(HN, 6/19/98)
1963 Jun 20, The United States
and Soviet Union signed an agreement in Geneva to set up a hot line
communications link between the two superpowers and a treaty was
signed limiting nuclear testing. It came about because of the Cuban
missile crises, which began on October 22, 1962. The Hot Line was
not used until the Six-Day War of 1967.
(TMC, 1994, p.1963)(AP, 6/20/97)(HN,
1963 Jun 21, Cardinal Giovanni
Battista Montini was chosen to succeed the late Pope John XXIII as
head of the Roman Catholic Church. The new pope took the name Paul
1963 Jun 21, France announced
it would withdraw from the NATO fleet in the North Atlantic.
1963 Jun 21, Levi Eshkol began
serving as Israel’s 3rd prime minister.
1963 Jun 23, Bryon De La
Beckwith VI (1920-2001) was initially arrested for the June 12 death
of Medgar Evers. He was thereafter twice tried for this
offense in 1964. The first trial ended in a hung jury and mistrial
on February 7, 1964. The second trial ended in a hung jury and
mistrial on April 17, 1964. In 1994, he was tried by the state
in a new trial based on new evidence, convicted of the murder by a
mixed jury, and sentenced to life in prison.
1963 Jun 24, 1st demonstration
of home video recorder was at the BBC Studios in London.
1963 Jun 26, President Kennedy
visited West Berlin, where he made his famous declaration: "Ich bin
ein Berliner" (I am a Berliner) at the Berlin Wall. Rumors later
spread that the misplaced article "ein" made an exact translation to
say "I am a jelly donut."
(AP, 6/26/97)(HN, 6/26/98)(SFC, 2/3/00, p.A25)
1963 Jun 27, Pres. Kennedy
spent his 1st full day in Ireland.
1963 Jun 27, Henry Cabot Lodge
was appointed U.S. ambassador to South Vietnam.
1963 Jun 27, USAF Major Robert
A. Rushworth reached an altitude of 53.9 miles in the X-15.
1963 Jun 28, Khrushchev visited
1963 Jun 30, Cardinal Giovanni
Battista Montini was crowned as Pope Paul VI, the 262nd head of the
Roman Catholic Church. The softly spoken cardinal from northern
Italy held Saint Peter's chair for 15 years in a difficult period
for the Roman Catholic Church. Paul VI continued the Second Vatican
Council launched by his predecessor Pope John XXIII in 1962, winding
it up in 1965 and implementing its numerous reforms, including
efforts to dialogue with other religions and a greater role for lay
(AP, 6/30/97)(AP, 10/14/18)
1963 Jun, Martin Luther King
led the “Walk to Freedom" in Detroit, Mi.
(Econ, 10/10/15, p.84)
1963 Jul 1, The U.S. Post
Office inaugurated its five-digit ZIP codes. The Zoning Improvement
Plan was initially developed by Robert Aurand Moon (d.2001 at 83).
(AP, 7/1/97)(HN, 7/1/98)(SFC, 4/16/01, p.A22)
1963 Jul 2, President John F.
Kennedy met Pope Paul the Sixth at the Vatican, the first meeting
between a Roman Catholic US chief executive and the head of the
1963 Jul 2, Juan Marichal (25),
pitcher for the SF Giants, dueled for 16 innings with Warren Spahn
(42), of the Milwaukee Braves in a 5-hour game at Candlestick.
Willie Mays hit the 428th pitch of the night over left field.
1963 Jul 4, Naturalization
ceremonies began to be held annually at Monticello, Virginia.
(SFC, 7/5/97, p.A3)
1963 Jul 8, Reports were made
of Charlie Finley's intention to move KC A's baseball team to
1963 Jul 8, US banned all
monetary transactions with Cuba.
1963 Jul 12, French Pres.
Charles de Gaulle pronounced that "Treaties are like roses and young
girls -- they last while they last."
(SFC, 7/12/97, p.A11)
1963 Jul 25, The United States,
the Soviet Union and Britain initialed a treaty in Moscow
prohibiting the testing of nuclear weapons in the atmosphere, in
space or underwater.
1963 Jul 25, Ugo Cerletti
(b.1877), Italian neurosurgeon, died. In the 1930s he and Lucio Bini
pioneered the use of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), electric
shock, to cure patients of depression.
1963 Jul 26, In San Francisco
The Fly Trap restaurant at 73 Sutter St. closed to make room for the
43-story Wells Fargo Tower.
(SSFC, 7/21/13, p.42)
1963 Jul 26, Skopje,
Yugoslavia, was destroyed by earthquake and over 1,000 were killed.
1963 Jul 27, Garrett A. Morgan
(86), inventor and founder of the Cleveland Call, died.
(ON, 3/02, p.12)
1963 Jul 30, British spy Kim
Philby was discovered in Moscow. Philby, writer for The Economist,
who spent six years filing dispatches from the Middle East, was
discovered to be a spy and defected to the Soviet Union.
(WSJ, 6/6/95, p.A-14)(MC, 7/30/02)
1963 Jul, Interest Equalization
Tax was a domestic tax measure implemented by US President John F.
Kennedy. It was meant to make it less profitable for US investors to
invest abroad by taxing the interest on foreign securities.
1963 Jul, Serial killers
Myra Hindley (d.2002) and her boyfriend, Ian Brady (the Moors
Murderers), began abducting, molesting and killing children. The
pair were caught in Oct, 1965. Between 1963 and 1965 they lured five
children and teenagers to their deaths, burying four of them on
remote moorland near Manchester.
(AP, 11/16/02)(AFP, 8/17/12)
1963 Aug 3, James Hetfield,
heavy metal rocker (Metallica-Helpless), was born.
1963 Aug 3, Carlo Imperato,
actor (Fame), was born in Bronx, NYC.
1963 Aug 3, Allan Sherman
released "Hello Mudda, Hello Fadda."
1963 Aug 3, Beatles made a
final performance the Cavern Club in Liverpool.
1963 Aug 3, Phil Graham,
publisher of the Washington Post, committed suicide. His wife,
Katharine Graham (1917-2001), took over as publisher. She published
her autobiography in 1997: "Personal History."
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Katharine_Graham)(SFEC, 2/9/97, BR
1963 Aug 5, The United States,
Britain and the Soviet Union signed a Limited Test Ban Treaty in
Moscow banning nuclear tests in the atmosphere, space and
underwater. Public pressure helped JFK signed the ban on atmospheric
atom bomb tests.
(AP, 8/5/97)(SFC, 11/26/01, p.A10)(SSFC, 7/15/07,
1963 Aug 8, Britain's "Great
Train Robbery" took place as thieves made off with 120 mailbags with
2.62 million pounds in banknotes. 15 men under Bruce Reynolds
(d.2013) held up the Glasgow to London Royal Mail (Glasgow-Euston
train) and took off with $7.2 mil in sterling. They badly beat up
train driver Jack Mills. He never returned to work and died seven
years later without making a full recovery. Ronald Biggs claimed to
be one of the 15 men and later lived freely in Rio de Janeiro,
Brazil. His share of the robbery was $2.8 mil but he was arrested
just four weeks after the robbery. He escaped from Wandsworth Prison
in 1965 and was still wanted in Britain. Only 1/8 of the money
stolen was ever recovered. Dinner at home with Mr. Biggs could be
purchased for $50. In 1994 Biggs published an autobiography. In 1999
a video game was developed based on the event. Biggs (71) returned
to Britain in 2001 and in 2009 he was up for parole. Reynolds spent
five years as a fugitive. On his return to Britain he was caught by
police and sentenced 25 years in prison for the train heist, of
which he served just 10. Reynolds published a memoir titled
"Autobiography of a Thief" and became a consultant on a crime film.
(SFE, 10/1/95, p.T-8)(AP, 8/8/97)(WSJ, 11/4/99,
p.A28)(WSJ, 5/7/01, p.A1)(AFP, 7/1/09)(AP, 2/28/13)
1963 Aug 11, The Metropolitan
Life Insurance Co. said San Francisco’s Parkmerced community, with a
population of some 8,000, will be open to negroes.
(SSFC, 8/11/13, DB p.42)
1963 Aug 13, A 17 year-old
Buddhist monk burned himself to death in Saigon, South Vietnam.
1963 Aug 18, James Meredith
became the first black to graduate from the University of
1963 Aug 19, NAACP Youth
Council began sit-ins at lunch counters in Oklahoma City.
1963 Aug 19, Newsweek quoted
Madame Ngo Dinh Nhu (1924-2011), official hostess of the South
Vietnamese government, offering to light the match of the next
Buddhist monk suicide.
1/23/04, p.A1)(AP, 4/27/11)
1963 Aug 21, Martial law was
declared in South Vietnam as police and army troops began a
crackdown on Buddhist anti-government protesters.
1963 Aug 22, The X-15 aircraft
set an altitude record of 67 miles.
(NPub, 2002, p.20)
1963 Aug 23, Beatles released
"She Loves You" in UK.
1963 Aug 24, Pres. Kennedy
allowed a cable to be sent to Ambassador Lodge in Vietnam that
backed a military coup against Pres. Diem. Kennedy gave tacit
approval for a coup against Pres. Ngo Dinh Diem of South Vietnam.
Diem was killed Nov 2.
(SFC, 11/25/98, p.A2)(SFEM, 4/11/99, p.41)
1963 Aug 26, Orders came from
Washington to destroy all cables sent to Saigon, South Vietnam, back
to Aug 24.
(SFEM, 4/11/99, p.42)
1963 Aug 27, William Edward
Burghardt Du Bois (b.1868), sociologist, influential leader of black
Americans, founder of the National Negro Committee which eventually
became the National Association for the Advancement of Colored
People, died in Accra, Ghana at the age of 95. He coined the phrase
"double consciousness" to describe the black survival skill of
moving between the black and white American cultures.
(WUD, 1994, p.439)(SFEC, 3/22/98, BR p.5)(HNPD,
1963 Aug 27, Cambodia severed
ties with South Vietnam.
1963 Aug 28, The civil rights
March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom drew 200-250,000
demonstrators and was the occasion for King’s "I Have a Dream"
speech in front of the Lincoln Memorial. It was organized by Bayard
Rustin (1912-1987). In 1997 a biography of Rustin by Jervis Anderson
was published: "Bayard Rustin: The Troubles I’ve Seen." The 1997
play "Civil Sex" by Brian Freeman was based on Rustin’s life. Rev.
Thomas Kilgore Jr. (d.1998 at 84) helped organize the march on
Washington. Martin Luther King led marches on Washington and Selma,
Alabama. His chief lieutenant was Andrew Young who in 1996 wrote:
"An Easy Burden: The Civil Rights Movement and the Transformation of
America." Activist and later congressman John Lewis (1940-2020) was
the youngest speaker.
(WSJ, 11/6/96, p.A21)(SFEC, 1/26/97 BR, p.4)(WSJ,
1/30/97, p.A14)(AP, 8/28/97)(SFC, 2/7/98, p.21)(HN, 8/28/98)(Econ.,
1963 Aug 28, Evergreen Point
Floating Bridge connecting Seattle & Bellevue opened.
1963 Aug 30, The hot line, a
rapid communications link between Washington, D.C., and Moscow went
into operation to avoid miscalculations during an emergency.
(AP, 8/30/97)(HNPD, 10/30/99)
1963 Aug 30, Guy Burgess
(b.1911), British spy for the USSR, died in Moscow.
1963 Aug 31, Dick Gibson
(d.1998), jazz lover, held his first Gibson Colorado Jazz Party at
the Hotel Jerome in Aspen. He flew in some of the world’s top jazz
musicians and began an annual Labor Day weekend tradition that
lasted 30 years.
(WSJ, 3/20/07, p.D6)
1963 Aug 31, George F. Braque
(81), cubist painter, died in Paris.
1963 Sep 1, Turkey moved
politically closer to Europe with the Treaty of Ankara. It reduced
duties and implicitly recognized Turkey’s right to join the European
p.A10)(WSJ, 10/6/04, p.A17)
1963 Sep 2, "The CBS Evening
News" was lengthened from 15 to 30 minutes.
1963 Sep 2, Alabama Gov. George
C. Wallace prevented the integration of Tuskegee High School by
encircling the building with state troopers.
(AP, 9/2/97)(HN, 9/2/98)
1963 Sep 3, Louis MacNeice
(b.1907), northern Irish poet, died. His name was often subsumed
under the collective name of Macspaunday, which referred to the
generation of politically-committed 1930s poets: MacNeice, Stephen
Spender, W.H. Auden and C. Day-Lewis. MacNeice’s collected poems
were published in 2007.
1963 Sep 5, In San Francisco
burlesque patrons viewed the last show of the President Follies at
60 McAllister St.
(SSFC, 9/1/13, DB p.42)
1963 Sep 7, The Beatles made
their 1st US TV appearance on ABC’s Big Night Out.
1963 Sep 7, American Bandstand
moved to California and aired once a week on Saturday.
1963 Sep 7, The National
Professional Football Hall of Fame was dedicated in Canton, Ohio.
1963 Sep 9, In Italy a
landslide into Vaiont Dam emptied a lake and killed 3-4,000 people.
1963 Sep 9, Alabama Gov George
Wallace served a federal injunction to stop orders of state police
to bar black students from enrolling in white schools.
1963 Sep 10, 20 black students
entered public schools in Birmingham, Tuskegee and Mobile, Ala.,
following a standoff between federal authorities and Gov. George C.
Wallace. President John F. Kennedy federalized Alabama's National
Guard to prevent Governor George C. Wallace from using guardsmen to
stop public-school desegregation.
(AP, 9/10/97)(HN, 9/10/98)
1963 Sep 13, "Outer Limits"
premiered on ABC TV. It was partly written, produced and
directed by Leslie Stevens (d.1998) and ran to 1965.
(SFC, 4/29/98, p.C2)(MC, 9/13/01)
1963 Sep 13, The last bucket of
concrete was poured on the Glen Canyon Dam on the Colorado River to
form Lake Powell. It marked the beginning of a 290 mile stretch of
the river from the dam through the Grand Canyon to Lake Mead. It was
built to provide power to six Western states. The lake filled by
1980. [last source says the lake filled within 5 years]
(SFC, 4/12/96, p.E-3)(SFC, 5/19/97, p.A10)(SFEC,
8/24/97, p.A1)(NH, 9/97, p.40)
1963 Sep 14, Mary Ann Fischer
of Aberdeen, S.D., gave birth to four girls and a boy, the first
surviving quintuplets in the United States.
1963 Sep 15, The Alou
brothers-Felipe, Matty, & Jesus-appeared in the San Francisco
outfield for 1 inning.
1963 Sep 15, The Ku Klux Klan
bombed the 16th St. Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama. Four
young black girls (Denise McNair, Carole Robertson, Addie Collins,
and Cynthia Wesley) were killed in the bombing as they prepared
their Sunday school lesson on "The love that forgives." Later on the
same day James Ware (16) and his brother Virgil (14) were shot at
while bicycling home. Virgil was killed. Another James Ware went on
to become a US district judge and falsely used the James and Virgil
Ware story for self promotion. Judge Ware withdrew from a new
appointment to the SF 9th Circuit Court of Appeals in 1997 after he
admitted that he was not the same James Ware. In Birmingham,
Alabama, police dogs were set on peaceful, Black demonstrators. The
1997 film "Four Little Girls" by Spike Lee was a documentary of the
church burning in Alabama. In 1977 Robert Chambliss (d.1985) was
tried and convicted of murder. Suspect Herman Cash died in 1994. In
2000 Thomas E. Blanton Jr. and Bobby Frank Cherry (d.2004) turned
themselves in after they were indicted by a state grand jury. In
2001 Thomas Blanton was convicted of murder and sentenced to life in
prison. Cherry was convicted May 22, 2002, and sentenced to life in
(SFC, 4/14/96, p.Z1, p.1)(SFC, 8/16/96,
p.D11)(SFEC, 3/16/97, p.T5)(SFEC, 5/18/97, DB p.45)(SFC, 11/6/97,
p.A9)(AP, 9/15/97)(SFC, 5/18/00, p.A1)(SFC, 5/2/01, p.A1)(SFC,
5/23/02, p.A1)(NW, 5/27/02, p.43)
1963 Sep 16, The
science-fiction anthology series "The Outer Limits" premiered on
ABC. It ran to 1965.
(AP, 9/16/98)(SFEM, 2/28/99, p.4)
1963 Sep 16, The Federation of
Malaysia was formally established. Sabak (Sabah) and Sarawak,
Britain’s colonies on Borneo, joined the Malayan peninsula to form
Malaysia with Tunku Abdul Rahman (60) as prime minister. The
federation formed under bitter opposition from Indonesia, which
refused to recognize the country and waged a guerrilla war against
it. Race riots erupted between ethnic Malays and the Chinese
(PC, 1992, p.988)(SSFC, 3/10/02, p.C10)(Econ,
9/20/08, p.60)(Econ, 2/23/13, p.39)
1963 Sep 17, "The Fugitive,"
starring David Janssen, premiered on ABC. It was written and
produced by Roy Huggins (d.2002). Kimble was cleared on the Aug 29,
1967, and narrator William Conrad announced "the day the running
stopped." In 1993 Ed Robertson authored the companion book ""The
Fugitive Recaptured." In 1993 a film was made based on the TV series
with Harrison Ford as Kimble.
(AP, 9/17/98)(WSJ, 10/16/00, p.A32)(SFC, 4/15/02,
1963 Sep 18, "The Patty Duke
Show" premiered on ABC television.
1963 Sep 18, USSR orders 58.5
million barrels of cereal from Australia.
1963 Sep 20, In a speech to the
U.N. General Assembly, President Kennedy proposed a joint
U.S.-Soviet expedition to the moon. Pres. Kennedy stayed at New
York’s Carlyle Hotel and received a "leggy babe" under Secret
(AP, 9/20/97)(WSJ, 10/22/01, p.A17)
1963 Sep 20, California’s
legislature passed the Rumford Fair Housing Act, the state’s first
law prohibiting racial discrimination in housing. It was authored by
Assemblyman Byron Rumford (d.1986) of Oakland. The Proposition 14
referendum on November 3, 1964, saw a 2-to-1 vote in favor of repeal
of the Rumford Act. It was restored in 1966 when the California
Supreme Court ruled that Proposition 14 was illegal.
p.20)(SFC, 7/27/15, p.E2)
1963 Sep 23, Annual report of
1996 reported that Becton Dickinson stock was first listed on NYSE.
(AR, 1996, p.2)(Calendar 1/97)
1963 Sep 24, The U.S. Senate
ratified a treaty with Britain and the Soviet Union limiting nuclear
1963 Sep 25, Juan Bosch
(1909-2001) was toppled in the Dominican Republic by the army
shortly after being elected. His plans for land reform would have
split up sugar plantations owned by generals.
(SFC, 5/17/96, p.A-14)(SFC, 11/2/01,
1963 Sep 26, Lee Harvey Oswald
traveled on a Continental Trailways bus to Mexico.
1963 Sep 27, Lee Harvey Oswald
visited the Cuban consulate in Mexico.
1963 Sep 27, At 10:59 AM census
clock, the US population was recorded at 190,000,000.
1963 Sep 28, "New Phil Silvers
Show," debuted on CBS-TV.
1963 Sep 28, Murray The K, a NY
DJ played "She Loves You" on the radio.
1963 Sep 29, "The Judy Garland
Show" premiered on CBS.
1963 Sep 29, The situation
comedy "My Favorite Martian" premiered on CBS. It starred Bill Bixby
and Ray Walston (d.2000 at 86). The show ran to 1966.
(SFC, 1/3/01, p.A17)(AP, 9/29/03)
1963 Sep 29, The second session
of Second Vatican Council opened in Rome.
1963 Sep, The Federal Hourly
Minimum Wage was set at $1.25 an hour.
1963 Sep, The Treaty of Anakara
on reducing duties implicitly recognized Turkey’s right to join the
European Economic Community.
(WSJ, 10/6/04, p.A17)
1963 Oct 1, Mark McGwire was
born. He later became a baseball 1st baseman, AL rookie of year
1988, Oakland A's, Cards, 70 home run record.
1963 Oct 2, Defense Sec. Robert
McNamara told Pres. Kennedy in a cabinet meeting that: "We need a
way to get out of Vietnam." McNamara proposed to replace the 16,000
US advisors with Canadian personnel.
(SFC, 7/25/97, p.A2)
1963 Oct 2, W. German
Chancellor Adenauer condemned western grain shipments to USSR.
1963 Oct 3, Meredith Wilson’s
Broadway musical “Here’s Love," featuring Dom DeLuise, opened at the
Shubert Theater. The show close on July 25, 1964.
1963 Oct 4-8, Hurricane Flora,
killed 6,000 in Cuba and Haiti. Hurricane Flora killed an estimated
(SFC, 11/30/98, p.A2)(MC, 10/4/01)
1963 Oct 7, President Kennedy
signed the documents of ratification for a limited nuclear test ban
treaty with Britain and the Soviet Union. Testing was outlawed in
the atmosphere, underwater and in outer space.
(AP, 10/7/97)(SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F4)
1963 Oct 7, Bobby Baker
resigned as Senate Democratic secretary after being charged in a
300-thousand-dollar civil suit with using his influence for personal
1963 Oct 8, Remedios Varo
(b.1908), Spanish-born surrealist painter, died in Mexico. Walter
Gruen, her 11-year lover and promoter, collected her work and in
1987 attempted to get copyright protection. A Mexican judge denied
his request due to Varo’s failure to get a formal divorce from
French poet Benjamin Peret. In 1999 the Mexican government tried to
seize the paintings on behalf of Mexico but faced a claim by next of
kin niece Beatriz Varo. By 2005 Mr. Gruen agreed to give his entire
collection to the Mexican government if it gets named after his
(http://tinyurl.com/b87uu)(WSJ, 9/20/05, p.A1)
1963 Oct 9, British premier
Harold MacMillan resigned.
1963 Oct 9, A dam in Piave
valley of Italy, broke and about 2,000 died. [see Sep 9]
1963 Oct 9, In South Africa
indictments began for the Rivonia trial and resulted in the jailing
of Nelson Mandela and Govan Mbeki. In 1999 Glenn Frankel authored
"Rivonia's Children." White activists (Joe Slovo and his wife Ruth
First, Rusty and Hilda Bernstein, and Anna Marie and Harold Wolpe)
of the South African Communist Party, involved in the trial, fled
into exile. The trial was named after the area where the ANC members
10/4/99, p.A40)(SFC, 7/18/02, p.A26)(SFC, 12/6/13, p.A18)
1963 Oct 10, A dam burst in
Italy, and over 3,000 died. [see Sep 9, Oct 9]
1963 Oct 11, A National
Security Action memorandum that recommended plans to withdraw 1,000
US Military personnel by the end of the year was approved. The memo
followed McNamara’s return from a trip to South Vietnam.
(SFC, 7/25/97, p.A2)
1963 Oct 11, Jean Cocteau,
French author (La Voie Humaine), surrealist poet, artist and film
director, died at 73. His lover Lean Marais later published a
biography of Cocteau called "L’Inconcevable Jean Cocteau." In 2003
Claude Arnaud authored the biography "Jean Cocteau."
(SFC, 11/10/98, p.A24)(SFC, 10/6/03, p.D8)
1963 Oct 11, Johan Nordstrom
(b.1871), Swedish immigrant and co-founder of the Nordstrom
department store chain, died in Seattle.
1963 Oct 11, Edith Piaf
(b.1915), French singer (No, I don't regret anything), died of
cancer. In 2007 the biopic film “La Vie en Rose," with Marion
Cotillard as Piaf, was produced. In 2011 Carolyn Burke authored “No
Regrets: The Life of Edith Piaf."
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C3%89dith_Piaf)(SSFC, 4/3/11, p.G5)
1963 Oct 12, Archaeological
digs began at Masada, Israel.
1963 Oct 13, "Beatlemania" was
coined after Beatles appeared at Palladium.
1963 Oct 15, Stanley Milgram of
Yale Univ. published his groundbreaking article “Behavioral Study of
Obedience." in the Journal of Abnormal Psychology. His experiments,
begun in 1960, created a paradigm for considering how cruel people
can be when they are obeying orders.
(SSFC, 7/4/04, p.M6)(SAM, 10/08, p,24)
1963 Oct 15, In South Korea
Park Chung-hee was elected president as the candidate of the newly
created Democratic Republican Party. He narrowly defeated former
President Yun, the candidate of the Civil Rule Party, by just over
156,000 votes—a margin of 1.5 percent.
1963 Oct 19, Beatles recorded
"I Want to Hold Your Hand."
1963 Oct 20, Cleveland’s Jim
Brown surpassed the NFL single-season career rushing record of 8,378
yards set by Joe Perry in 1958. By game’s end Brown had 8,390 yards.
1963 Oct 20, Alec Douglas-Home
formed a British government.
1963 Oct 22, Brian Boitano,
figure skater (Olympic-gold-1988), was born in Mountain View, Calif.
1963 Oct 22, 225,000 students
boycotted Chicago schools in a Freedom Day protest.
1963 Oct 22, Britain’s
"National Theatre Company," founded under Laurence Olivier, opened
with Hamlet. In 2017 Nicholas Hytner authored “Balancing Acts:
Behind the Scenes at the National Theater."
1963 Oct 23, Neil Simon's
"Barefoot in the Park," premiered in NYC. [see Oct 24]
1963 Oct 24, "Barefoot in the
Park" by Neil Simon opened on Broadway. [see Oct 23]
(SFEC, 9/29/96, BR p.5)
1963 Oct 25, Anti-Kennedy
"WANTED FOR TREASON" pamphlets scattered in Dallas.
1963 Oct 28, In NYC the
demolition of Penn Station, completed in 1910, began.
1963 Oct 31, Pres. John F.
Kennedy signed the Community Mental Health Act, which aimed to close
asylums and treat mental disorders more like illnesses and less like
(Econ, 7/11/15, SR
1963 Oct 31, J. Edgar Hoover's
last meeting with President John F Kennedy.
1963 Ocr 31, In San Francisco
the Black Cat café, located in the Canessa Building at 708-710
Montgomery St., closed down for the last time as the state Supreme
Court refused to hear its case and lower courts refused to reinstate
its liquor license because it catered to homosexuals.
(SFC, 11/15/14, p.C2)
1963 Oct 31, On Halloween night
leaking propane gas exploded and killed 64 at the "Holiday on Ice"
show at the Indiana State Fair Grounds in Indianapolis.
1963 Oct, Pres. Kennedy spoke
with Mayor Daley of Chicago to get congressman Roland Libonati to
vote the Party line. The conversation was recorded.
(SFEC, 4/11/99, p.43)
1963 Oct, Algeria and Morocco
engaged in a brief border conflict called the Sand War. It resulted
largely from the Moroccan government's claim to portions of
Algeria's Tindouf and Béchar provinces. This led to a heightened
tensions between the two countries for several decades.
1963 Nov 1-1963 Nov 2, South
Vietnamese President Ngo Dinh Diem and his brother were assassinated
in a military coup. Coup leader Duong Van Minh explained that "They
had to be killed… Pres. Diem was too much respected among simple,
gullible people in the countryside." A 3rd brother was later tricked
into surrendering to US forces and was turned over to coup leaders
and killed by firing squad. Col. Nguyen Van Thieu helped organize
the coup that killed Pres. Ngo Dinh Diem.
(AP, 11/2/97)(SFEM, 4/11/99, p.42)(SFEC, 4/23/00,
p.A19)(SFC, 10/1/01, p.B2)
1963 Nov 3, San Francisco
police arrested 48 protesters at Mel’s Drive-In at 3355 Geary Blvd.
They claimed that Mel’s, owned by Supervisor Harold Dobbs, refuses
to hire Negroes for non-menial jobs.
(SSFC, 11/3/13, DB p.42)
1963 Nov 5, Tatum O'Neal, Mrs.
John McEnroe, (Paper Moon, Little Darlings), was born in LA, Cal.
1963 Nov 7, The film "It’s a
Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World" premiered at Hollywood’s new Cinerama
Theatre in a lengthy 195 minute version.
(WSJ, 2/13/02, p.A1)
1963 Nov 9, Twin disasters
struck Japan as some 450 miners were killed in a coal-dust
explosion, and 160 people died in a train crash.
1963 Nov 12, James P. Hosty
Jr., FBI agent, had been tracking Lee Harvey Oswald for
counterintelligence purposes and had visited Oswald’s wife to
establish Oswald’s location On this day Hosty received a note
from Oswald to leave Marina Oswald alone. In 1996 Hosty wrote:
Assignment: Oswald, a memoir of his FBI role tracking Oswald.
(SFC, 6/3/96, BR p.5)
1963 Nov 14, Greece freed
hundreds who were jailed in the Communist uprising of 1944- 1950.
1963 Nov 14, Iceland got a new
island when a volcano pushed its way up out of the sea five miles
off the southern coast.
1963 Nov 15, Roger Mealman,
Clifford Toycen Jr., and Robert Burns Jr. robbed a bank in
Sacramento of $45,000 and headed east. They shot and killed HP
officer Glenn Carlson along Highway 40. All 3 were soon arrested and
sentenced to life in prison. The Highway 267 bypass was later named
after CHP officer Carlson.
(SFC, 4/27/01, p.A1,10)(SFC, 11/16/13, p.C4)
1963 Nov 15, Fritz Reiner (74),
Hungarian-US conductor (Chicago Symphony Orch), died.
1963 Nov 15, Argentina voided
all foreign oil contracts.
1963 Nov 16, Touch-tone
telephone was introduced.
1963 Nov 20, A Senate
investigating committee held hearings on the growing TFX scandal
where General Dynamics had received a $7 billion contract in 1962.
(SFC, 11/18/96, p.B7)
1963 Nov 21, President Kennedy
and his wife, Jacqueline, began a two-day tour of Texas.
1963 Nov 21, Robert Stroud,
"bird man of Alcatraz", died at the federal prison in Springfield,
Mo. His canary studies were done at Leavenworth, Kansas, and
included the book "Stroud’s Digest of Diseases of Birds." He also
worked on a critical history of the US prison system (Looking
p.22)(SSFC, 9/22/02, p.A8)
1963 Nov 21, Roman Catholic
Vatican Council authorized the use of vernacular instead of Latin in
1963 Nov 21, India launched its
first rocket from Thumba in Kerala state.
1963 Nov 22, A Senate committee
heard testimony about an alleged $100,000 cash payoff to
Vice-President Johnson in connection with the General Dynamics TFX
contract. After the assassination of JFK there was no follow up.
(SFC, 11/18/96, p.B7)
1963 Nov 22, John F. Kennedy,
the 35th president of the United States, had been in office two
years, 10 months and two days, when an assassin's bullet ended his
life in Dallas, Texas. Kennedy, on a pre-campaign trip to supposedly
hostile Texas, had been greeted warmly by enthusiastic crowds at
every stop. Upon their arrival in Dallas, President and Mrs.
Kennedy, accompanied by Texas Governor John Connolly and his wife,
were driven slowly through the downtown streets on their way to a
scheduled speech at the Dallas Trade Mart. At 12:30 p.m., as the
open limousine traveled through Dealey Plaza past the Texas School
Book Depository, Kennedy was shot. Within the hour, Kennedy was
pronounced dead at Parkland Hospital and by 2 p.m., Dallas police
had arrested Lee Harvey Oswald as the suspected assassin. At 2:38
p.m. Vice-President Lyndon B. Johnson was sworn in as the 36th
President of the United States.
1963 Nov 22, John F. Kennedy
was assassinated by Lee Harvey Oswald while riding in a motorcade in
Dallas. Texas Gov. John B. Connally was seriously wounded. Rufus
Youngblood (1924-1996), a Secret Service agent, shielded VP Johnson
from possible gunshots with his body. Johnson rewarded him by
promoting him over time to the No. 2 position in the Secret Service.
Ruby used a .38 Colt Cobra purchased at Ray’s Hardware and Sporting
Goods in Dallas run by Lawrence Brantley (1921-1996). From the
address that President Kennedy never got to deliver in Dallas: "If
we are strong, our strength will speak for itself. If we are weak,
words will be no help."
(TMC, 1994, p.1963)(AHD, p. 931)(SFC, 10/4/96,
p.B2)(SFC, 10/17/96, C2)(AP, 11/22/97)
1963 Nov 22, Two amateur films
recorded the assassination of Pres. Kennedy. A 24 ½ sec. video by
Orville Nix Sr. and Abraham Zapruder, a dress manufacturer, captured
the assassination on video tape. In 1981 David Lifton published
"Best Evidence," on the medical evidence of the assassination. In
1993 Gerald Posner published "Case Closed," a book on the Warren
Commission report. In 1998 new testimony was released that a 2nd set
of pictures was taken at the autopsy that were never made public. In
2007 David Talbot authored “Brothers: The Hidden History of the
Kennedy Years." In 2007 Vincent Bugliosi authored “Reclaiming
History: The Assassination of President John F. Kennedy."
(SFC, 8/1/98, p.A5)(SFC, 10/25/98, p.D5)(SFC,
11/23/00, p.A11)(SSFC, 5/13/07, p.M1)(WSJ, 5/19/07, p.P8)
1963 Nov 22, Dr. Charles Andrew
Crenshaw, a 3rd year surgical intern at Dallas’ Parkland Memorial,
tended Kennedy and placed him into a coffin. In 1992 Crenshaw
(d.2001) authored "JFK: Conspiracy of Silence" and insisted that
Kennedy had 4 gunshot wounds, including one from the front and that
the neck wound had been tampered to look like an exit wound.
(SFC, 11/21/01, p.A25)
1963 Nov 22, Dallas police
officer J.D. Tippit was slain by Lee Harvey Oswald 45 minutes after
Pres. Kennedy was shot when he called Oswald over for questioning.
Oswald was arrested inside the Texas Theater, 321 W. Jefferson
Blvd., just before 2pm.
(SFC, 8/1/98, p.A5)(SFC, 10/25/98, p.D5)(SSFC,
1963 Nov 22, New Orleans mob
boss Carlos Marcello was acquitted. He was prosecuted by Bobby
Kennedy and Bobby later said that Marcello was behind the murder of
(SFEC, 6/7/98, Par. p.8)
1963 Nov 22, Aldous L. Huxley
(69), English author (Devils of Loudon, Brave New World), died in
1963 Nov 22, C.S. Lewis,
English author the Narnia series and other books, died of
osteoporosis. In 2005 Alan Jacobs authored “The Narnian," a
biography of Lewis. In 2013 Alister McGrath authored “C.S. Lewis--A
Life: Eccentric Genius, Reluctant Prophet."
p.P13)(Econ, 5/18/13, p.88)
1963 Nov 23, President Johnson
proclaimed Nov. 25 a day of national mourning as JFK's body lay in
repose in East Room of White House.
1963 Nov 23, Sixty-three
elderly people, most of them sleeping, were killed by a fire
destroying the one-story Golden Age Nursing Home near Fitchville,
1963 Nov 23, "Doctor Who," the
long-running British sci-fi series, debuted in England.
1963 Nov 24, Jack Ruby shot and
mortally wounded Lee Harvey Oswald, the accused assassin of
President Kennedy in front of TV cameras in the garage of the Dallas
Police Department. Ruby used a .38 Colt Cobra purchased at Ray’s
Hardware and Sporting Goods in Dallas run by Lawrence Brantley
(1921-1996). Sometime earlier Oswald had made an attempt to murder
right-wing Gen’l. Edwin A. Walker. In 2002 Thomas Mallon authored
"Mrs. Paine’s Garage and the Murder of John F. Kennedy."
(SFC, 10/17/96, C2)(AP, 11/24/97)(HN,
11/24/00)(WSJ, 1/18/02, p.W8)
1963 Nov 25, Assassinated
President John F. Kennedy was buried at Arlington National Cemetery.
A bronze casket that was used to transport JFK to Washington was
flown off the Maryland-Delaware coast and dropped into a 9,000 feet
deep military dump site.
(AP, 11/25/97)(HN, 11/25/98)(SFC, 5/31/99, p.A3)
1963 Nov 28, In The Flintstones
episode titled "KLEPTOMANIAC PEBBLES", Pebbles' tendency to take
anything that isn't nailed down is exploited by jewel thief Baffles
1963 Nov 28, R.C., "She Loves
You" by the Beatles returned to #1 on the U.K. pop singles chart.
1963 Nov 28, The first million
copy record prior to release "I Want to Hold Your Hand".
1963 Nov 28, Linda Darnell
divorced Merle Robertson.
1963 Nov 28, The Crusher beat
Verne Gagne in St Paul, to become NWA champ.
1963 Nov 28, Just six days
after the assassination of President Kennedy, President Johnson
announces that the Space Center at Cape Canaveral, Florida, will be
renamed "The John F. Kennedy Space Center." Residents voted in 1973
to change the name back to Cape Canaveral.
(DTnet, 11/28/97)(HN, 11/28/98)
1963 Nov 29, President Lyndon
B. Johnson appointed Chief Justice Earl Warren head of a commission
to investigate the assassination of John F. Kennedy.
(AP, 11/29/97)(HN, 11/29/98)
1963 Nov, Pres. Kennedy
approved a probe to see whether relations with Fidel Castro could be
improved. In 1999 Mark J. White edited "The Kennedy's and Cuba: The
Declassified Documentary History."
(WSJ, 11/15/99, p.A48)
1963 Dec 2, Sabu Sabu (39),
actor (Sabu Dastagir), died of a heart attack in Chatsworth,
California. He was born in Karapur, Mysore, India, on January 27,
1924, beginning his movie career at the age of 13. His films
included “Elephant Boy" (1937); “Drums" (1938); “The Thief of
Baghdad" (1940); “Jungle Book" (1942) and “Arabian Nights"
1963 Dec 4, In Brazil Sen.
Arnon de Mello (1911-1983), the father of future president Fernando
Collor, shot and killed Senator Joseph Kairala of Acre in the
Senate, but was never tried. The intended victim was Mello’s
political enemy Senator Silvestre Pericles.
1963 Dec 7,
During the Army-Navy game, videotaped instant replay was used for
the first time in a live sports telecast as CBS re-showed a one-yard
touchdown run by Army quarterback Rollie Stichweh. Navy beat Army,
1963 Dec 8, Three fuel tanks
exploded when a jetliner, struck by lightning, crashed near Elkton,
Maryland. 81 people died. This was the only case of a lightning
1963 Dec 9, Frank Sinatra Jr.
was kidnapped. Frank Sinatra Sr. ransomed his kidnapped son, Frank
Sinatra Jr., for $240,000. Barry Keenan, who set up the kidnapping,
was a classmate of Nancy Sinatra. He served 4 1/2 years in prison
and went on to become a successful real estate developer.
(SFC, 9/7/98, p.B6)(MC, 12/9/01)
1963 Dec 10, Walter Cronkite
re-aired a CBS News report from London on the Beatles. It had been
1st filed on Nov 22, the day JFK was assassinated.
(SSFC, 2/8/04, Par p.18)
1963 Dec 10, Zanzibar was
granted independence by the United Kingdom and became a
constitutional monarchy under the Sultan.
1963 Dec 12, Frank Sinatra Jr.
returned after being kidnapped.
1963 Dec 12, Kenya gained
independence from Britain and the Kenyan African National Union
Party (KANU) began ruling. Jomo Kenyatta, a Kikuyu, was the first
president and served until 1978. The Kikuyu and closely related Meru
and Embu groups comprised some 28% of Kenya’s people. Kenya’s
population at this time was under 8 million. This was later
commemorated as Jamhuri Day. Kenya’s first vice president was Oginga
Odinga, the father of Raila Odinga.
(SFC, 10/17/96, A8)(SFC, 7/1/97,
p.A9)(AP,12/12/97)(SFC,12/23/97, p.D4)(SFC, 8/8/98, p.A12)(Econ,
2/28/09, p.87)(Econ, 3/14/09, p.49)(SSFC, 5/25/14, p.P3)(Econ,
1963 Dec 13, Capital records
signed a right of 1st refusal agreement with Beatles.
1963 Dec 14, The Baldwin Hills
dam in Los Angeles, Ca., broke. The released water destroyed 65
homes and left 5 people dead.
1963 Dec 14, Dinah Washington
(b.1924), known in the 50s as "Queen of the Harlem Blues," died of
barbiturate poisoning in Detroit. In 2004 Nadine Cohodas authored
“Queen: The Life and Times of Dinah Washington."
(SSFC, 8/22/04, p.M1)
1963 Dec 20, The Berlin Wall
was opened for the first time to West Berliners, who were allowed
one-day visits to relatives in the Eastern sector for the holidays.
Four thousand crossed the great wall of Berlin to visit relatives
under a 17 day Christmas accord.
(AP, 12/20/98)(HN, 12/20/98)
1963 Dec 20, The Frankfurt
Auschwitz trials, known in German as der Auschwitz-Prozess, or der
zweite Auschwitz-Prozess, (the "second Auschwitz trial") was a
series of trials running from 20 December 1963 to 19 August 1965,
charging 22 defendants under German criminal law for their roles in
the Holocaust as mid- to lower-level officials in the
Auschwitz-Birkenau death and concentration camp complex.
1963 Dec 21, The Turk minority
rioted in Cyprus to protest anti-Turkish revisions in the
1963 Dec 22, The official 30
days of mourning ended following the assassination of President
1963 Dec 24, New York’s
Idlewild Airport was renamed JFK Airport in honor of the murdered
1963 Dec 24, Greeks and Turks
rioted in Cyprus.
1963 Dec 26, Beatles released
"I Want To Hold Your Hand" and "I Saw Her Standing There."
1963 Dec 26, "Gorgeous George"
Wagner, perfumed and pampered wrestler, died.
1963 Dec 28, Abbott Joseph
Liebling (b.1904), American journalist and writer, died. “Freedom of
the press is guaranteed only to those who own one." In 1980 Raymond
Sokolov authored the biography “Wayward Reporter."
1963 Dec 28, Paul Hindemith
(b.1895), German composer (Composer's World) and violist, died. His
work included "Cardillac."
(WUD, 1994, p.672)(WSJ, 8/20/96, p.A8)(MC,
1963 Dec 30, Alessandra
Mussolini, actress (Ferragosto OK), was born in Naples, Italy.
1963 Dec 30, Congress
authorized the Kennedy half dollar.
1963 Dec, US Cpl. Jerry W.
Parrish (19) deserted to North Korea and later died there of natural
(SFC, 8/16/04, p.A5)
1963 Konrad Fischer (1939-1996)
founded the Capital Realism art movement in Germany. It was a
figurative painting style that was a response to American Pop Art.
(SFC, 11/27/96, p.B2)
1963 Lucien Freud painted
"Man’s Head (Self-Portrait III)."
(SFEC, 12/1/96, BR p.1)
1963 Japanese artist Yayoi
Kusama (b.1929) led in the creation of installation art with her
show: “Aggregation: One thousands Boats Show," at the Gertrude Stein
gallery in NYC. It featured a rowing boat filled with phallic
sculptures installed in a room papered with 999 black-and-white
photographic reproductions of the work.
(Econ, 2/4/12, p.84)
1963 Pan Tianshou, a
traditional-style Chinese painter, created "Red Lotus."
(WSJ, 2/19/98, p.A20)
1963 Andy Warhol created his
image "Large Triple Elvis."
(NH, 6/01, p.48)
1963 Andy Warhol painting
created his painting “Silver Car Crash (Double Disaster)." In 2013
it sold for $105 million at an auction in NYC. This was a new record
for a Warhol painting.
(SFC, 11/14/13, p.A9)
1963 Hannah Arendt authored
"Eichmann in Jerusalem: A Report on the Banality of Evil."
(WSJ, 8/31/99, p.A22)
1963 Harold Barnett and
Chandler Morse wrote "Scarcity and Growth." They documented price
declines through history to indicate an increased availability of
natural resources rather than a growing scarcity.
(WSJ, 4/22/97, p.A22)
1963 Nora Beloff (1919-1997),
British political writer and foreign correspondent, wrote "The
General Says No: Britain’s Exclusion from Europe."
(SFC, 2/24/96, p.A17)
1963 Alton L. Blakeslee (d.1997
at 83) wrote "Your Heart has Nine Lives" with Dr. Jeremiah B.
Stamler. He was the chief science writer for the Associated Press
(AP) for 3 decades.
(SFC, 5/14/97, p.A22)
1963 John Campbell Bruce
(1906-1996) wrote "Escape From Alcatraz". It was based on a true
1962 escape. The book was turned into a film in 1979.
(SFC, 7/9/96, p.20)
1963 John le Carre (b.1931 as
David Cornwell) authored “The Spy Who Came in from the Cold."
(Econ, 5/18/13, IL p.19)
1963 Donald Davidson (d.2003 at
86), Prof. of Philosophy at UC Berkeley, authored "Actions, Reasons
(SFC, 9/4/03, p.A23)
1963 John Fowles (1926-2005),
English novelist, authored "The Collector."
(Econ, 11/1/03, p.82)(SFC, 11/8/05, p.B5)
1963 The "Feminine Mystique" by
Betty Friedan (1921-2006) was published.
(SFC, 10/12/96, p.A21)(SSFC, 2/5/06, p.A6)
1963 Milton Friedman
(1912-2006) and Anna Jacobson Schwartz authored “A Monetary History
of the United States, 1867-1960." They argued that the US depression
of the 1930s was the result of an inept Federal Reserve.
(WSJ, 12/7/05, p.A15)(Econ, 11/25/06, p.80)
1963 Richard Jennings, Prof. at
UC Boalt School of Law, co-authored with Harold Marsh Jr.
"Securities Regulation - Cases & Materials," the 1st casebook on
(SFEM, 8/22/99, p.A22)
1963 Prof. Peter Kennedy
(1923-2006) co-wrote the textbook “Pathology of Domestic Animals."
(SFC, 8/10/06, p.B7)
1963 Dr. Ivo John Lederer
(d.1998 at 68) authored "Yugoslavia at the Peace Conference." He was
the founder and director of the Center for Russian and East European
Studies at Stanford Univ.
(SFC, 6/26/98, p.D4)
1963 Abraham Maslow, a pioneer
of humanistic psychology, wrote "Eupsychian Management, A Journal."
It described the management style he witnessed at Non-Linear
Systems. He labeled it "enlightened management" to describe work
conditions that incorporated synergy and led to individual
(WSJ, 4/25/97, p.B1)(WSJ, 10/10/97, p.B1)
1963 Ernst Mayr wrote "Animal
Species and Evolution."
(NH, 2/97, p.69)
1963 Mary McCarthy authored her
novel “The Group." It followed a group of Vassar graduates from 1933
to the start of WWII.
(WSJ, 4/19/08, p.W8)
1963 William McPhee authored
“Formal Theories of Mass Behaviour."
(Econ, 11/28/09, p.80)
1963 James Michener (d.1997 at
90) wrote his novel "Caravans," the fruit of wide-ranging trips to
Afghanistan in the mid-1950s.
(SFC,10/17/97, p.A17)(WSJ, 7/5/08, p.W8)
1963 "The American Way of
Death" by Jessica Mitford (d.7/24/96) was published. It was an
expose of the funeral industry in the US. A revised edition was
published in 1998.
(SFC, 6/30/96, Zone 1 p.3)(SFEC, 8/16/98, BR p.1)
1963 Daniel Patrick Moynihan,
later senator and ambassador, authored "Beyond the Melting Pot," a
description of the ethnic groups in NYC.
(SFC, 11/7/98, p.A2)
1963 Sir Lawrence van der Post
(1906-1996) wrote "The Seed and the Sower." It was filmed in 1983 as
Merry Christmas Mr. Lawrence with David Bowie.
(SFC, 12/17/96, p.B4)
1963 Dawn Powell published the
novel "The Golden Spur."
(SFEC, 2/14/99, BR p.5)
1963 Alfred Pritchard Sloan
Jr., former head of General Motors Corp., authored "My Life With
(F, 10/7/96, p.132)(Econ, 12/22/07, p.123)
1963 Ezra Solomon (d.2002 at
82), Stanford economics professor, authored "The Theory of Financial
(SFC, 12/21/02, p.A22)
1963 Jim Thompson authored his
novel "The Grifters." It was made into a film in 1990.
(WSJ, 8/27/01, p.A13)
1963 Charles Webb authored his
novel "The Graduate." It was turned into a movie in 1967.
(WSJ, 5/8/01, p.B1)
1963 The English satirical
musical “Oh, What a Lovely War!" was directed by Joan Littlewood
(1914-2002) and based on Alan Clark’s “The Donkeys" (1961), a
scathing examination of British First World War generals.
1963 The musical show "110 in
the Shade" was based on the Richard Nash play "the Rainmaker."
(USAT, 11/12/99, p.1E)
1963 The George Balanchine
choreographed the ballet "Bugaku."
(WSJ, 10/21/99, p.A20)
1963 Flemming Flindt created a
dance work titled "The Lesson" based on a 1951 work by Eugene
(SFC, 5/4/96, p.E-1)
1963 William Prince (1913-1996)
played the lead role in Edward Albee’s play: "The Ballad of the Sad
(SFC, 10/11/96, p.A24)
1963 World Press, an hour-long
weekly roundup of international news stories analyzed by a panel of
political analysts, debuted on KQED. Panel members, who were
political science analysts specializing in each specific global
area, each brought a newspaper for round table discussion. It was
developed by San Francisco Supervisor Roger Boas.
(SFC, 2/14/17, p.C4)
1963 Julia Child made her TV
debut as "The French Chef" on Boston's WGBH-TV. PBS picked up the
show a year later.
(SFEM, 8/10/97, p.23)
1963 The TV series “Captain
Amos Burke," later renamed “Amos Burke: Secret Agent,"
featured Gene Barry (1919-2009). The show continued to 1966.
(SFC, 12/15/09, p.C5)
1963 The TV show The Saint
featured Jackie Collins.
(SSFC, 8/4/02, Par p.14)
1963 Virginia Graham (d.1998)
led the "Girl Talk" TV talk show until 1969.
(SFC, 12/25/98, p.B6)
1963 Keith Andes (1920-2005)
played the role of an amazing sleuth on the TV sitcom “Glynis."
Glynis Johns played his wife.
(SFC, 11/29/05, p.B7)
1963 The TV costume game show
"Let's Make a Deal" premiered and ran for 16 years in daytime and 10
years in prime time. It was hosted by Monty Hall and co-created by
Stefan Hatos (d.1999 at 78).
(SFC, 3/9/99, p.A22)
1963 The TV show "My Favorite
Martian" starred Bill Bixby and Ray Walston (d.2000 at 86). The show
ran to 1966.
(SFC, 1/3/01, p.A17)
1963 George Fenneman
(1919-1997) began to host the TV show "Your Funny, Funny Films" on
ABC. It was a forerunner to "America’s Funniest Videos."
(SFC, 6/5/97, p.A26)
1963 The first edition album
"Introducing the Beatles" was produced and sold for $9,600 in 1997.
(SFC, 7/25/97, p.D5)
1963 Sandy Bull (d.2001 at 60)
released his 1st album "Fantasias for Guitar and Banjo." It became
an underground classic.
(SFC, 4/13/01, p.D6)
1963 Johnny Cash recorded his
hit tune: "Ring of Fire."
(SFC, 9/13/03, p.A12)
1963 Keith Colley made a hit
(SFC, 11/30/02, p.D1)
1963 Gunship pilot James P.
'Bull' Durham (1927-2004), balladeer of the Vietnam War, recorded 10
songs about SAC in the Vietnam era. In 1971 he recorded 12 songs
collected during his Vietnam tour of duty.
1963 The Crystals made a hit
with their songs “Da Doo Ron Ron" and “Then He Kissed Me" written by
Ellie Greenwich (1940-2009) in collaboration with producer Phil
Spector and her husband Jeff Barry.
1963 Koerner, Ray & Glover
released their landmark album: "Blues, Rags and Hollers." Dave
"Snaker" Ray, guitarist, died in 2002.
(SFC, 11/30/02, p.A23)
1963 Bob Merrill wrote the hit
(WSJ, 2/2/00, p.W8)
1963 "Deep Purple" by Nino
Temple & April Stevens won the Grammy best rock-n-roll
(SFEC, 2/21/99, DB p.38)
1963 The Kingston Trio made a
hit with "Greenback Dollar" written by Hoyt Axton (d.1999 at age
(SFC, 10/27/99, p.C4)
1963 John Corigliano composed
his 4-movement Violin Sonata.
(SFC, 11/18/98, p.E3)
1963 Bob Dylan’s 2nd album,
"The Freewheelin’ Bob Dylan," was released. Four songs were removed
for the officially released version. Nat Hentoff wrote the liner
(SFC, 7/16/97, p.E1)(WSJ, 12/29/04, p.D8)
1963 The Herbie Hancock song
"Watermelon Man" became a hit with a version by Mongo Santamaria
(SFC, 2/5/03, p.A22)
1963 Bob Gibson (1932-1996)
co-wrote "Abilene" with J.D. Laudermilk, Lester Brown and Albert
(SFC, 10/12/96, p.A21)
1963 The Kingsmen recorded
their hit song "Louie, Louie." It became a major hit in 1964. It was
written in 1955 by Richard Berry and recorded by Berry with the
Pharaohs in 1957. The Kingsmen sold their rights in 1968 for a
percentage of future licensing fees. The fees were not paid and the
band filed suit in 1993. They won a 1995 judgement and a 1998
(SFC, 1/25/97, p.A19)(SFC, 4/11/98, p.C5)
1963 Sonny Bono, songwriter,
met Cherilyn (Cher) Sarkasian La Piere, singer, at a Hollywood
coffee shop. The pair went on to record "I Got You Babe," The Beat
Goes On," and "All I Ever Need Is You." Bono wrote the Jackie
DeShannon hit of this year "Needles and Pins."
(SFC, 1/6/98, p.A11)
1963 Marvin Gaye sang "Hitch
(SFC, 11/12/02, p.D1)
1963 Al Hirt (1922-1999), New
Orleans trumpet player, made a hit with his instrumental "Java." He
won a 1964 Grammy best nonjazz instrumental for the tune.
(SFC, 4/27/99, p.C4)
1963 Clement Dodd opened his
record studio at 13 Brentford Road, Kingston, Jamaica, and soon
began recording Bob Marley and the Wailers.
(Econ, 5/22/04, p.80)
1963 Martha and the Vandellas
sang "Heat Wave."
(SFC, 11/12/02, p.D1)
1963 Curtis Mayfield (b.1942)
and the Impressions had a hit with the song "It's All Right."
(SFC, 12/28/99, p.C1)
1963 Wayne Newton (22) made a
hit with “Danke Schoen."
(SSFC, 11/16/14, DB p.46)
1963 Roy Nichols (d.2001 at 68)
joined Merle Haggard’s band the Strangers. He helped create the
(SFC, 7/5/01, p.D2)
1963 Jack Nitzsche (d.2000)
made his solo recording "The Lonely Surfer." He went on to compose
over 30 film scores.
(SFEC, 9/10/00, p.49)
1963 The Ronettes singing trio
made a hit with "Be My Baby," written by Ellie Greenwich (1940-2009)
in collaboration with producer Phil Spector and her husband Jeff
Barry. It epitomized the famed "wall of sound" technique of its
producer, Phil Spector.
1963 Ruby and the Romantics had
a hit with “Our Day Will Come," co-written by Mort Garson
(1924-2008) and Bob Hilliard.
(SFC, 1/16/08, p.B9)
1963 The Singing Nun made a hit
with "Dominique." The song praised the 13th century crusade against
the Cathars. It was written by Noel Regney. His 1962 poem "Do You
Hear What I Hear" was recorded by Bing Crosby.
(SSFC, 6/17/01, p.T10)(SFC, 11/28/02, p.A30)
1963 Dusty Springfield recorded
"I Only Want to Be With You."
(SFC, 3/4/99, p.C6)
1963 Stevie Wonder sang
"Fingertips (Part 2)."
(SFC, 11/12/02, p.D1)
1963 Jazz saxophonist Joe
Henderson began recording for Blue Note.
(SFEC, 1/5/97, DB p.32)
1963 Miles Davis heard Tony
Williams playing drums with saxophonist Jackie McLean and hired him.
Williams stayed with Davis until 1969. Their recording included
"E.S.P.," "Nefertiti and "Filles de Kilamanjaro."
(SFC, 2/25/97, p.B2)
1963 Frank Zappa wrote his rock
opera "I Was a Teenage Maltshop."
(SSFC, 3/17/02, p.M3)
1963 David M. Solinger
(1906-1996), the first non-Whitney president of the Whitney Museum,
led a drive as a trustee to construct the granite building on the
Upper East Side of NY by Marcel Breuer. In 1966 he succeeded Flora
Whitney Miller as president.
(SFC, 10/31/96, p.C2)
1963 L.M. Boyd began a column
of odds and ends for the Seattle Post-Intelligencer. It was picked
up by the SF Chronicle in 1968 and called "The Grab Bag." Boyd
retired at the end of 2000 after 40 years of writing.
(SFC, 12/30/00, p.D3)
1963 The “Bill Dana Show," on
which Dana played Jose Jimenez as a hotel bellhop, began airing on
NBC and continued to1965.
(SFC, 6/21/17, p.D8)
1963 The 59-story Pan Am
building on Park Ave. was completed. Walter Gropius was the
principal designer. In 2004 Meredith D. Clausen authored “The Pan Am
(SFC, 8/23/00, p.A26)(WSJ, 12/9/04, p.D10)
1963 In NYC Frank Lloyd (d.1998
at 86) opened the Marlborough Gallery. He was involved in the 1970s
Rothko art scandal.
(SFC, 4/8/98, p.B2)
1963 Harvey R. Ball (d.2001 at
79), advertising executive, created the yellow smiley face (happy
face) for the Massachusetts based State Mutual Life Assurance
Company of America. He was paid $45 for the artwork and never
applied for a trademark or copyright. In 2006 Darrin M. McMahon
authored “Happiness: A History."
(SFC, 4/17/01, p.A20)(Econ, 1/14/06, p.82)
1963 In Daly City, Ca., the
First National Bank of Daly City opened. It was later renamed the
First National Bank of Northern California.
1963 San Francisco
featured topless waitresses.
(TMC, 1994, p.1963)
1963 Barbara Epstein
(1928-2006), Jason Epstein, Robert Lowell and Elizabeth Hardwick
founded the NY Review of Books.
(Econ, 7/1/06, p.79)
1963 Marcus Raskin and Richard
Barnet co-founded the DC-based liberal Institute for Policy Studies
1963 The Oral Roberts Univ. in
Tulsa, Okla., founded by Oral Roberts (1918-2009), was chartered.
(SFC, 12/15/09, p.C5)
1963 Albert Lippert (d.1998 at
72), a garment executive, first took a successful Weight Watchers
diet class with Jean Nidetch (1923-2015) on Long Island. They
expanded the program into a company and sold public stock in 1968.
In 1978 the operation was sold to H.J. Heinz for $72 million. The
program remained unchanged until 1997 when a point system replaced
selections from food groups. Its diet classes were sold to in 1999
for $735 million to private European investment company Artal
6/12/97, p.B4)(SFC, 3/4/98, p.C4)
1963 Ikko Tanaka founded his
Ikko Tanaka Design Studio and began establishing himself as one of
the most successful graphic designers in the field.
(Hem, 4/96, p.8)
1963 Harriet Schaffer (d.1998
at 65), a pioneer in early childhood education, began her career at
the Tic Toc Nursery School in Richmond, Ca. Under her leadership Tic
Toc became a pilot school for the newly created federal Head Start
(SFC, 7/4/98, p.C2)
1963 Al Davis (33) took over as
head coach of the Oakland Raiders.
(SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W39)(SFC, 1/22/03, p.A10)
1963 The North course for golf
at Kaanapali on Maui was designed by Robert Trent Jones.
(Hem, 4/96, p.42)
1963 Eugene Paul Wigner
(1902-1995), Hungarian-born mathematician and physicist, won the
Nobel Prize in Physics.
(HN, 11/17/00)(MC, 11/17/01)
1963 Giorgos Seferis
(1900-1971), Turkish-born Greek poet, won the Nobel Prize in
Literature. Seferis was the pen name of Georgios Seferiades
1963 Sir Andrew Huxley
(1917-2012), British neurophysiologist shared a Nobel Prize in
Physiology or Medicine with Alan Hodgkin and John Eccles.
1963 Pres. John F. Kennedy
signed the Community Mental Health Act, which aimed to close asylums
and treat mental disorders more like illnesses and less like crimes.
(Econ, 7/11/15, SR p.7)
1963 Federal troops were used
to force Alabama Gov. George Wallace to accept black students at the
state’s university. [see 1962]
(WSJ, 5/13/96, p.A-16)
1963 Richard Nixon selected
Leonard Garment, New York lawyer, as a special consultant. Garment
published his personal memoir in 1997 "Crazy Rhythm."
(WSJ, 2/28/97, p.A12)
1963 The US Congress passed the
Equal Pay Act that banned gender-based wage discrimination.
(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R25)
1963 The US Supreme Court ruled
in Ker v California that police may enter someone’s home without a
warrant and without knocking or announcing themselves.
(Econ, 7/13/13, p.73)
1963 The US Board of Geographic
Names banned the word "Nigger" from appearing on any federal map.
(SFEC, 8/11/96, p.A20)
1963 The American CIA developed
a manual for counterintelligence interrogation for use in Vietnam.
(SFC, 1/28/97, p.A3)
1963 George Joannides, a CIA
agent, was in charge of the Revolutionary Students Directorate
(DRE), one of the most powerful Cuban anti-Castro organizations in
Miami. A few months before the assassination of JFK the DRE had
significant contacts with Lee Harvey Oswald and Oswald tried to
infiltrate the New Orleans branch of the DRE.
(SSFC, 5/13/07, p.M5)
1963 Winston Scott served as
American CIA station chief in Mexico during the time that Lee Harvey
Oswald visited the Cuban Embassy there. In 2008 Jefferson Morley
authored “Our Man in Mexico: Winston Scott and the Hidden History of
the CIA." Morley proposed that Scott later covered up CIA operations
that involved Oswald.
(www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/JFKscottW.htm)(WSJ, 3/20/08, p.D7)
1963 Mildred and Ray Connett
(d.1997) opened the 90-acre Glen Eden Sun Club, a California nudist
(SFC, 4/21/97, p.A20)
1963 San Francisco's Presidio
was declared a National Historic Landmark.
(SSFC, 12/1/19, p.A13)
1963 The Chinese Historical
Society of America opened in SF. It was the first of its kind in the
(SFEC, 9/20/98, Z1 p.6)
1963 In California the 400-foot
high Cold Spring Canyon Bridge was built on Highway 154 to carry
travelers from San Marcos Pass into the Santa Ynez Valley. By 2009
at least 48 deaths from suicide off the bridge were recorded.
(SFC, 7/24/09, p.D7)
1963 The first Renaissance
Pleasure Faire was held in southern California. In 1967 it expanded
to the SF Bay Area. By 2008 some 150 such events were held across
(SFC, 7/22/98, p.D1)(Econ, 12/6/08, p.44)
1963 Hyron Spinrad of UC
Berkeley and others found only a trace of water vapor in the thin
atmosphere of Mars and confirmed that liquid water on its cold
surface was almost impossible.
(SFC, 11/29/96, p.A17)
1963 The Humboldt Bay nuclear
power plant began generating power for consumers in Northern
California. It was shut down in 1976.
(SFC, 10/28/99, p.C4)(SFC, 7/17/04, p.B2)
1963 In Florida two white gas
station attendants were murdered in Port St. Joe. Two black men were
convicted twice by all-white juries in the murders and spent nine
years on death row. Curtis "Boo" Adams, a white man, later admitted
to the murders. In 1998 Freddie Pitts (54) and Wilbert Lee (62)
received $500,000 each from the state for wrongful conviction.
(SFC, 7/14/98, p.A2)
1963 In Louisiana Henry
Montgomery (17) shot and killed a white police officer. He was soon
convicted of murder and sentenced to death. Two years later the
state Supreme Court revisited the case and in a new trial he was
sentenced to life in prison without parole. In 2012 the US Supreme
Court decided Miller v. Alabama, in which the Court held that
mandatory sentencing schemes requiring children convicted of
homicide to be sentenced to life imprisonment without parole violate
the Eighth Amendment. In 2018 a three-member parole panel voted 2-1
to keep Montgomery in prison.
p.31)(SFC, 2/20/18, p.A5)
1963 Ralph Roberts, former
marketer of Muzak and owner of a belts and suspenders company, and
his partners, Daniel Aaron and Julian A. Brodsky, purchased for
$500,000, a 1,200-subscriber cable TV operator in Tupelo,
Mississippi, called American Cable Systems. In 1969 it was
incorporated in Pennsylvania and renamed Comcast, a name Ralph
invented by combining the words communications and broadcasting. The
company went public in 1972.
1963 Billie Sol Estes
(b.1925)), Texas swindler, was convicted on federal charges. He
served 6 years of a 15 year sentence. In 1979 he was convicted of
tax fraud and served 4 more years.
(SFC, 5/16/13, p.D5)
1963 Madalyn Murray O’Hair,
leader of United Secularists of America (American Atheists), took
credit for a suit filed against the government that ultimately led
to the removal of the Bible and sponsored prayer from public
schools. She and her family disappeared in Aug, 1995 with more than
$600,000 in funds from her various organizations. Her diaries, some
2,000 pages, were scheduled to be auctioned in 1999.
(SFEC, 3/3/97, p.A4)(SFC, 1/12/99, p.A4)(SFC,
1963 Stanley H. Durwood,
founder of AMC Entertainment, first split a Kansas City theater in
half and invented the multiplex cinema theater.
(SFEC, 8/11/96, DB, p.52)
1963 Chrysler became the
majority holder of Simca. By 1970 it changed the name to Chrysler
1963 Coca-Cola launched its Tab
(SSFC, 10/21/18, p.D2)
1963 GM introduced the Malibu,
named after the California city, as a top line option on various
(WSJ, 4/1/09, p.A20)
1963 GM opened a 380-acre
assembly plant in Fremont, Ca., GM closed the plant in 1982.
(SSFC, 2/28/10, p.D1)
1963 Studebaker halted
production of its cars. Some 4,000 employees lost their company
pensions as the firm permanently closed its plant in South Bend,
Ind. This led to the passage of the Employment Retirement Income
Security Act (ERISA) in 1974.
(WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)(SFC, 2/14/02,
p.B1)(Econ, 7/11/15, p.28)
1963 Edward Walker (d.2000)
began marketing his invention called the "Astro lamp." It later
became known as the lava lamp.
(SFEC, 8/20/00, p.B9)
1963 The Proctor & Gamble
Company purchased the SF based Folger Coffee. In 1994 P&G closed
the Folgers plant in South San Francisco, the brands last presence
in the Bay Area.
(SFC, 6/28/97, p.D2)(SFC, 6/5/08, p.C2)
1963 Herb Sandler, a NY lawyer,
and Marion Sandler, a Wall Street analyst, bought the 2-branch World
Savings and Loan Association (later Golden West Financial corp.) of
Oakland, Ca., for $3.8 million. They sold the company in 2006 to
Wachovia for $24.2 billion.
(SFC, 5/9/06, p.C1)
1963 American Sugar Refining
Company changed its name to American Sugar Company.
(WSJ, 5/28/96, p. R-45)
1963 The Lestoil Co. of
Holyoke, Mass., began selling its liquid cleaner in special-edition
reproduction glass flasks, which resembled 19th century whiskey
flasks. The special edition ended in 1964.
(SFC, 5/28/08, p.G2)
1963 McDonald’s logo "Speedee"
was dropped in favor of Ronald McDonald. The company hit the 1
billion mark in this year.
(SFC, 7/3/96, z-1 p.7)(WSJ, 11/13/98, p.B1)
1963 Alan Maxwell Pottasch
(1927-2007), adman for Pepsi-Cola Co., launched the “Pepsi
Generation" ad campaign.
(WSJ, 8/4/07, p.A4)
1963 Richard Trentlage, Indiana
songwriter, wrote the TV jingle “I wish I were an Oscar Mayer
wiener," and had it sung by his kids.
(WSJ, 8/11/07, p.A6)
1963 The W.R. Grace company
began operating the Zonolite Mountain vermiculite mine and continued
to 1990. The vermiculite was naturally mixed geologically with
asbestos. By 2009 at least 200 people died of asbestos related
diseases and hundreds more were sickened.
(SFC, 5/9/09, p.A6)
1963 J.L. Wade (1913-2007)
built his first purple martin bird houses in Griggsville, Illinois.
In 1965 he authored “What You Should Know About the Purple Martin,"
which became a bestseller among ornithologists. Wade claimed that
each bird ate some 2,000 mosquitoes per day.
(WSJ, 6/23/07, p.A8)
1963 Quasars, Quasi-Stellar
Radio Sources, powerful astrophysical sources of light, were first
discovered. Maarten Schmidt first observed the object called 3C273
and found that it was racing away from Earth at 30,000 miles per
second. Prof. Jesse Greenstein (d.2002 at 93) and Maarten Schmidt
led quasar research and began to realize that quasars were the most
distant objects in the universe.
(SFC, 11/20/96, p.A9)(NH, 5/97, p.66)(PacDis,
Summer ’97, p.32)(SFC, 10/26/02, p.A24)
1963 Astronomer Gail Smith
discovered a strange intergalactic gas cloud near the Milky Way. It
became known as Smith’s cloud. In 20 million to 40 million years the
cloud will smash into the outer part of the Milky Way.
1963 Protons and neutrons were
given structure; quark theory was proposed. Murray Gell-Mann at
Caltech and George Zweig at CERN proposed small building blocks for
particles and call them quarks and aces. Gell-Mann took the quark
name from a James Joyce phrase in Finnegan's Wake: "three quarks for
(NG, May 1985, p. 645)(SFC, 4/11/02, p.A2)
1963 George Grover (1915-1996),
nuclear physicist, solved a heat-transfer problem by developing the
first working heat pipe.
(SFEC, 11/3/96, p.C12)
1963 Ray Dolby, while working
in India, conceived of separating recorded sound into 2 channels as
a means to strip away unwanted tape recording noise. His 1st
prototype was completed in London in 1966.
(SFC, 3/29/04, p.D1)
1963 A vaccine for measles
became available. In the previous decade some 450,000 cases were
reported in the US with about 450 deaths per year.
(SFC, 12/22/06, p.A18)
1963 At the Mayo Clinic the
kidney transplant program began and the artificial kidney center
(SFC, 7/5/96, PM, p.5)
1963 Dr. Michael DeBakey came
out with his interthoracic pump, a device to pump blood in lieu of
the heart. De Bakey made history this year by installing an
artificial pump to assist a patient's damaged heart.
(SFEC, 11/24/96, Z1
1963 The Fogarty Embolectomy
Catheter, invented by Dr. Tom Fogarty to remove clots in arteries,
was first used successfully.
(SFC, 7/21/00, p.A17)
1963 Drs. Vincent J. Freda
(d.2003 at 75) and John G. Gorman of Columbia Univ. discovered that
if an Rh-negative woman was given an injection of a vaccine called
Rhogam, her body would not attack her fetus' blood cells. Up to this
time the 15% of women in birth with Rh-negative blood and a
Rh-positive father faced the potentially fatal hemolytic disease.
(SSFC, 5/18/03, p.A29)
1963 The first liver transplant
was performed by a surgical team led by Dr. Thomas Starzl of Denver,
1963 Profs. Emmett Leith and
Juris Upatnieks, engineers at the Univ. of Michigan, created the 1st
working hologram. Pieter van Heerden of Polaroid Research Labs
pioneered the holographic principle.
(MT, Summer/04, p.8)(Econ, 6/9/07, TQ p.28)
1963 W.D. Hamilton (d.2000 at
63) published his theory of "inclusive fitness" in the Journal of
Theoretical Biology. A 2nd paper followed in 1964. He set out to
explain the evolutionary basis of altruism and the apparent
contradiction between survival of the fittest and behavior that
(SFC, 3/10/00, p.D8)
1963 Laetrile, a purported
anti-cancer drug, was temporarily banned. It was invented by Ernst
T. Krebs (1877-1970) from a derivative of amygdalin, an extract of
(SFC, 9/12/96, p.A26)
1963 America's bald eagles were
estimated to be down to about 417 nesting pairs because of of the
eggshell-thining phenomenon caused by the DDT pesticide, banned in
1972. By 2021 the bald eagle population had recovered to an
estimated 74,400 nesting pairs.
(SSFC, 4/11/21, p.A18)
1963 The International Union
for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) was founded. It is the world's
most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of
1963 US Country music singer
Patsy Cline (Kline) died in a plane crash.
(WSJ, 8/29/96, p.B1)(Hem., 4/97, p.69)
1963 Charles T. Fisher
(1880-1963) died. He and his brother Frederic J. Fisher (1878-1941)
established the Fisher Body Co. in 1908. They sold their operations
to GM in 1926.
(WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)
1963 Robert Lee Frost (b.1874),
poet, died at age 88.
(MT, Win. ‘96, p.5)(WUD, 1994, p.571)
1963 Aldous Huxley (b.1894),
English author, died. His books included "Brave New World." In 2001
Ivan R. Dee published "Aldous Huxley: Complete Essays: Volume IV,
(AP, 7/13/97)(AP, 7/26/98)
1963 David Low (72), British
political cartoonist, died.
(WSJ, 5/29/02, p.D7)
1963 Pu Ru, master Chinese
calligraphy artist, died in the US.
(WSJ, 12/7/00, p.A24)
1963 Martin Ramirez (b.1895),
institutionalized Mexican-born artist, died in DeWitt State Hospital
in Auburn, Ca. He had been institutionalized since 1931 after being
diagnosed with catatonic schizophrenia. His last 15 years were spent
at DeWitt, where much of his art was created.
(SFC, 7/14/07, p.E10)(Econ, 11/8/08, p.104)
1963 Theodore Roethke, poet,
died at age 55. He won a Pulitzer Prize in 1954 for "The Waking," a
collection of 3 earlier books.
(MT, Summer 01, p.2)
1963 Alfred Sessler (b.1909),
WPA artist, died.
(WSJ, 3/27/00, p.A20)
1963 Mohamed Khider
(1912-1967), Algerian politician, went into exile in Switzerland,
bringing $12-14 million of party funds with him, saying they would
be used to finance a political opposition to continue the "genuine"
nationalist tradition of the FLN.
1963 In Austria a Vienna
Convention produced a treaty that protected the right of individuals
jailed in a foreign land to contact their national consulate.
(SFC, 4/14/98, p.A3)
1963 Vaclav Havel, later
president of Czechoslovakia and the Czech Rep. (1990-2003),
published his first play: “The Garden Party." It was first performed
at the Theatre on the Balustrade in Prague.
(SFC, 1/6/97, p.B1)(Econ, 12/31/11, p.32)
1963 The British sci-fi TV
series Dr. Who began. It reach the US in 1978. It featured a space
traveling Doctor who was hundreds of years old from the planet
Gellifrey. He used a London police call box as the external form of
his space vessel. The interior was spacious with comfortable
(SFC, 5/14/96, E-1)
1963 Britain relaxed laws on
betting. Gambling as a result moved off tracks to betting shops. By
2006 attendance at dog races fell to some 3.6 million from a high of
38 million in 1936.
(Econ, 3/29/08, p.74)
1963 The military junta of
Burma (later Myanmar) nationalized the banks.
(Econ, 10/25/14, p.75)
1963 Mobutu, chief of staff of
the army of Congo-Kinshasa [later Zaire], visited the US White House
as a guest of Pres. Kennedy.
(SFC, 9/8/97, p.A8)
1963 Carlos Julio Arosemena,
president of Ecuador, was deposed in a military coup.
1963 Eritrea began a war for
independence against Ethiopia.
(WSJ, 3/4/97, p.A14)
1963 The EU signed a trade deal
in Yaounde, Cameroon, to keep markets open to former European
colonies in Africa, the Caribbean and Pacific Islands (ACP).
(Econ, 5/28/05, p.78)
1963 France erected giant
concrete buildings to house a growing working class and North
African immigrants. These included the “Cite des 4,000" in the Paris
suburb of La Courneuve.
(WSJ, 11/14/05, p.A1)
1963 A glorified food blender
was a product of the French restaurant supply giant Robot-Coupe. In
1973 Carl Sontheimer (d.1998 at 83) introduced his redesigned
Cuisinart at a show in Chicago.
(SFC, 3/26/98, p.B4)
1963 French retailer Carrefour
SA invented hypermarkets, huge emporiums that combined the wares of
supermarkets and department stores.
(WSJ, 11/30/06, p.A1)
1963 French residents of Monaco
became liable for French taxes.
(Econ, 12/24/05, p.85)
1963 The paleolithic site of
Lascaux, by the village of Montignac, France, was closed to the
public by Andre Malraux, minister of cultural affairs, due to
environmental damage caused by large numbers of
(NG, Oct. 1988, p.489)
1963 Ludwig Erhard, head of the
Christian Democratic Union, replaced Konrad Adenauer as Chancellor
and served to 1966.
1963 In Greece Andreas
Papandreou became a government minister under his father George, a
(SFC, 6/23/96, p.B6)
1963 In Honduras Col. Oswaldo
Lopez Arellano (1921-2010), with the backing of the military, ousted
civilian President Ramon Villeda Morales.
(SFC, 8/9/99, p.A8)(AP, 5/17/10)
1963 India’s huge Bhakra dam
was built in Himachal Pradesh. It brought 7 million hectares of
northwest India under irrigation.
(Econ, 9/12/09, p.28)
1963 Ray Dolby, while working
in India, conceived of separating recorded sound into 2 channels as
a means to strip away unwanted tape recording noise. His 1st
prototype was completed in London in 1966.
(SFC, 3/29/04, p.D1)
1963 India’s space program
began in Trivandrum, Kerala, in this year. The Vikram Sarabhai Space
Center in Trivandrum was named for the father of Indian rocketry.
(NG, 5/88, p.598)
1963 In Indonesia a new
anti-subversion law was instituted with penalties of death or 20
years in prison.
(WSJ, 3/6/97, p.A14)
1963 Indonesia passed “Law
number 4" to sanction fierce censorship. It was lifted for the press
(Econ, 1/23/10, p.43)
1963 Sovereignty over West
Papua was transferred from the Netherlands to Indonesia. A UN
approved referendum, involving some 1,000 handpicked pro-Jakarta
Papuans, ratified the annexation in 1969.
(WSJ, 6/6/00, p.A23)
1963 The western part of the
island of New Guinea, Irian Jaya, became a province of Indonesia. It
was formerly a Dutch territory called West New Guinea, Dutch New
Guinea or Netherlands New Guinea. A West Papua pro-independence
movement began and by 2004 an estimated 100,000 civilians had died
in the struggle.
(WUD, 1994, p.1623)(SFC, 9/8/99, p.A17)
1963 Left leaning students
sympathetic to Iran’s former PM Mohammed Mossadeq, deposed in 1953,
founded Mujahedin e-Kalq (People’s Mujahedin of Iran).
(WSJ, 5/8/08, p.A10)
1963 Iraq renounced its claim
laid to Kuwait.
(SFC, 2/24/98, p.A9)
1963 In Israel activated the
main components of its Dimona nuclear plant. At the time the
government claimed that Dimona was a textile plant.
(Econ, 5/21/16, p.40)
1963 Japan’s Shimano Corp.
introduced a cold forging plant to press precision parts for
bicycles using dies and high pressure to form metal at room temp.
(Hem, 8/96, p.34)
1963 Kenya gained independence
from Britain and the Kenyan African National Union Party began
(SFC, 10/17/96, A8)(SFC, 7/1/97, p.A9)
1963 The Kenya Film
Classification Board (KFCB) was established to regulate films.
(http://kfcb.co.ke/)(Econ, 11/5/16, p.42)
1963 In Lesotho Moshoeshoe II
was crowned king.
(LVRJ, 11/1/97, p.14A)
1963 The three provinces of
Libya, Cyrenaica in the east, Fezzan in the south, and Tripolitania
in the west, were abolished and the country became a unitary state.
(Econ, 1/10/15, p.22)
1963 The population of Malawi
was estimated at about 3.75 million.
(WSJ, 1/2/98, p.8)
1963 In Guadalajara, Mexico,
Maria Guadalupe Garcia Zavala (b.1878), co-founder of the
Congregation of the Servants of St. Margaret Maria and of the Poor,
died in the Santa Margarita Hospital she helped found. Zavala, aka
Madre Lupita, had decided at 22 to dedicate herself to helping the
sick. Her religious mission played out during a period of tension
between church and state, when tens of thousands of people were
killed during a 1926-1929 uprising by Roman Catholic rebels against
anti-clerical laws. She was beatified in 2004 by Pope John Paul II.
In 2013 she was canonized as a saint by Pope Francis.
(AP, 4/24/04)(AP, 5/12/13)
1963 In Mexico during the
administration of Lopez Mateos soldiers took part in the mutilation
killing of a leader of coffee farmers in the community of El Ticui.
The event was documented in a 2006 government report on Mexico’s
1963 Lou Ottens (1926-2021) and
his team at Philips, the Dutch electronics company, introduced the
cassette tape as a way to play music in a portable fashion. The
invention revolutionized the music business.
(NY Times, 3/11/21)
1963 Islamabad replaced Karachi
as the capital of Pakistan.
1963 Roland Rowland (d.1998)
became chief executive of the London and Rhodesia Mining and Land
Co. (Lonrho). Over the next 30 years "Tiny" turned it into a
conglomerate with more than 1000 subsidiaries in over 60 countries.
(SFC, 7/28/98, p.A20)(Econ, 11/8/08, p.62)
1963 Northern Rhodesia (later
Zambia) ended a federation with Southern Rhodesia and Nyasaland.
(Econ, 12/24/05, p.63)
1963 In Senegal the Grand
Mosque of Touba, home to the tomb of Sheikh Amadou Bamba, was
completed. It was begun in 1926, a year before Bamba’s death.
(SSFC, 12/15/13, p.P3)
1963 In South Africa Albie
Sachs was jailed without charges for 168 days. He described his
experience in the book: "The Jail Diary of Albie Sachs."
(SFEC, 2/9/97, z1 p.7)
1963 In South Africa Arthur
Goldreich (1929-2011), who helped the anti-apartheid leader Nelson
Mandela hide out on a farm by posing as his employer, was arrested.
Goldreich and his family pretended to be the owners of a farm on the
outskirts of Johannesburg that was the ANC underground headquarters
in the 1960s. The raid on the farm led to the Rivonia Trial, and
decades in prison for Mandela. Goldreich and three others escaped
from a downtown Johannesburg police station and made it out of South
Africa disguised as a priest. He eventually settled in Israel.
1963 South Africa conducted a
joint nuclear test with Israel, but the Israelis did not confirm the
(SFC, 5/18/02, p.A2)
1963 Andrew Mlangeni
(1925-2020) returned to South Africa and became a member of the high
command of the ANC's armed movement, Umkhonto we Sizwe. Nelson
Mandela had selected him to join five other men in the first group
of South African anti-apartheid activists to be sent to China for
1963 Josef Brodsky was tried by
a Soviet judge on a charge of parasitism. The judge asked Brodsky:
"Who gave you the authority to call yourself a poet?" Mr. Brodsky
replied: "No one. Who gave me the authority to enter the human
(G&M, 2/2/96, p.A-22)
1963 The Soviet Union planned
to harness hydroelectric power and feed a huge aluminum smelter in
(WSJ, 7/2/98, p.A1)
1963 In Switzerland Werner
Thomas, accordionist, began performing a tune he’d written in the
late 1950s at his restaurant in Davos. The tune later became known
worldwide as the chicken dance.
(WSJ, 7/16/01, p.A1)
1963 The Muslim Brotherhood was
banned in Syria following the Baath party coup.
(Econ, 2/18/12, p.50)
1963 In Vietnam the Battle of
Ap Bac was fought.
(WSJ, 10/5/98, p.A21)
1963 Aden (South Yemen) was
amalgamated with the British protectorate to form the Federation of
South Arabia which resulted in rioting.
1963-1964 "The Johnson White House Tapes,
1963-1964" by historian Michael R. Beschloss was published in 1997.
(SFC, 10/6/97, p.A2)
1963-1964 In Afghanistan Zahir Shah demanded
Daoud's resignation. Dr. Mohammad Yusof became Prime Minister.
1963-1965 This period is covered by Taylor Branch
in his 2nd volume of 3 on the civil rights era: "Pillar of Fire:
America in the King Years." The 1st volume "Parting the Water" was
published in 1988.
(WSJ, 1/16/98, p.A12)(SFEC, 1/25/98, BR p.1)
1963-1966 In 2017 thousands of files from the US
Embassy in Jakarta covering this period were made public after a
declassification review that began under the Obama administration.
They revealed new details of US government knowledge and support of
an Indonesian army extermination campaign that killed several
hundred thousand civilians during anti-communist hysteria in the
1963-1968 Lester B. Pearson, Liberal Party, served
as the 14th Prime Minister of Canada.
(CFA, '96, p.81)
1963-1968 Jozef Lenart (d.2004) served as prime
minister of Czechoslovakia.
1963-1969 Lyndon Baines Johnson served as the 36th
President of the US.
(A&IP, ESM, p.96h, photo)
1963-1969 Denys Rackley (d.1998 at 76), Carthusian
monk, helped build the only American monastery of the Carthusian
order, the Charterhouse of the Transfiguration in Arlington, Vt. He
trained at the Carthusian order’s mother house in La Grand
Chartreuse, France, where the order is supported by the sale of its
(SFC, 2/24/98, p.A22)
1963-1972 Jose Mujica was a leader of the leftist
Tupamaro guerrillas who fought Uruguay's governments during this
period. In 2009 Mujica was elected president.
1963-1973 The 1975 US Church committee report on
CIA activity in Chile included a chronology that covered this
1963-1974 Dr. Charles Weldon served in Laos as the
chief medical officer for USAID. In 1999 Weldon authored "Tragedy in
Paradise: A Country doctor at War in Laos."
(SFC, 11/30/02, p.A23)
1963-1994 King Hussein of Jordan (1935-1999) held
at least 55 secret meetings with leading Israelis including at least
seven prime and foreign ministers.
(Econ, 11/24/07, p.88)