Return to home1966 Jan 1,
Simon & Garfunkel's "Sounds of Silence" reached #1.
1966 Jan 1, A 12 day transit
worker strike shut down NYC subway and buses. The strike became a
major rallying point behind the Taylor Law, which severely curtailed
the ability of public employees in the state to strike and took
effect on Sep 1, 1967.
(SSFC, 10/20/13, p.E2)
1966 Jan 1, By law all US
cigarette packs began carrying the warning: "Caution! Cigarette
smoking may be hazardous to your health."
1966 Jan 1, The 173rd Airborne
Brigade became the first American unit in the Mekong Delta of South
(AH, 2/06, p.14)
1966 Jan 2, The 1st Jewish
child was born in Spain since the 1492 expulsion.
1966 Jan 3, Cambodia warned
the UN of retaliation unless the U.S. and South Vietnam end
1966 Jan 4, A US State Dept.
security official wrote a memo describing how a safe house was set
up in the Guatemalan presidential palace for use by Guatemalan
security agents and their US contacts.
(SFC, 3/11/99, p.A12)
1966 Jan 4, Ronald Reagan
announced his candidacy for California Governor.
(SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F6)
1966 Jan 9, Ronald Reagan
appeared on Meet the Press and was asked why he had not disavowed
the John Birch Society. Reagan said a committee had looked into the
group and found nothing of a subversive nature. In 1960 an
informer reported to the FBI that Reagan was a Beverly Hills chapter
(SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F6)
1966 Jan 10, Julian Bond was
denied a seat in Georgia legislature for opposing Vietnam War.
1966 Jan 10, In Mississippi
Vernon Dahmer, a revered civil rights leader, was killed in a
firebombing. In 1998 Klansmen Sam Bowers (1924-2006), Deavours Nix
(72) and Charles Noble (55) were arrested for the murder. 8 men in 2
cars loaded with shotguns and 12 gallons of gasoline attacked
Dahmers home. Billy Roy Pitts participated and later testified how
Bowers had called meetings and presided over the planning of the
bombing. Bowers was convicted in his 5th trial and sentenced to life
in prison where he died.
(SFC, 5/29/98, p.A5)(SFC, 8/17/98, p.A5)(SFC,
8/20/98, p.A12)(WSJ, 8/24/98, p.A1)
1966 Jan 10, The Tashkent
Agreement, was signed in the Soviet city of Tashkent, and officially
ended a 17-day war between Pakistan and India. It required that both
sides withdraw by February 26, 1966, to positions held prior to
August 5, 1965, and observe the cease-fire line agreed to on June
30, 1965. The agreement was brokered by Soviet premier Aleksey
Kosygin and signed by Indian Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri and
Pakistan President Ayub Khan. The Indian prime minister died the day
after signing the agreement.
1966 Jan 11, In Brazil 550 died
in landslides in mountains behind Rio de Janeiro after rain.
1966 Jan 11, Albert Giacometti
(64), Swiss-French painter and sculptor, died in Switzerland.
1966 Jan 11, Indias PM Lal
Bahadur Shastri, the successor of Nehru and engineer of the Green
(WSJ, 3/19/00, p.A19)
1966 Jan 12, "Batman" with Adam
West & Burt Ward premiered on ABC TV.
1966 Jan 12, President Johnson
said in his State of the Union address that the United States should
stay in South Vietnam until Communist aggression there was ended.
1966 Jan 12, A 12 day NYC
transit strike ended.
1966 Jan 13, Robert C. Weaver
became the first black Cabinet member as he was appointed Secretary
of Housing and Urban Development by President Johnson.
1966 Jan 15, Nigerias PM
Abubakar Tafawa Balewa (b.1912) was assassinated in the country's
1st military coup.
1966 Jan 17, Martin Luther King
Jr. opened a campaign in Chicago.
1966 Jan 17, A US Air Force
B-52 carrying four unarmed hydrogen bombs crashed on the Spanish
coast. Three of the bombs were quickly recovered, but the fourth
wasn't found until April. Two US Air Force jets collided in the
skies over Spanish coastal village of Palomares. The mid-air crash
of the B-52 bomber and a KC-135 refueling plane killed 8 crew
1966 Jan 18, Robert Clifton
Weaver (1907-1997), the 1st African-American to hold a post in the
presidential cabinet, was sworn in as head of the newly created
Department of Housing and Urban Development under Pres. Johnson.
1966 Jan 19, Neil Simon's,
Coleman's & Fields' musical "Sweet Charity," premiered.
1966 Jan 19, Indira Gandhi,
Nehrus daughter, was elected the 3rd prime minister of India.
(SFEC, 8/3/97, p.A15)(AP, 1/19/98)(MC, 1/19/02)
1966 Jan 20, The Merry
Prankster organized the Trips Festival at the SF Longshoremens
Hall. It became 3 days of drug-infused music and partying.
(SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W28)
1966 Jan 24, The Kangchenjunga,
a Boeing 707 flying from Mumbai (Bombay) to New York, crashed on the
southwest face of Mont Blanc, France, as it descended towards a
scheduled stopover in Geneva, Switzerland. All 117 people on board
1966 Jan 29, "Sweet Charity"
opened on Broadway for 608 performances. Cy Coleman composed the
1966 Jan 29, A snow storm in
north east US killed 165.
1966 Jan 31, U.S. planes
resumed bombing of North Vietnam after a 37-day pause.
1966 Jan 31, The Soviets
launched Luna 9, the first spacecraft to land softly on the moon.
(HC, 2003, p.64)
1966 Jan, In Nigeria Emeka
Ojukwu (1933-2011) came to power as governor of the
predominantly-Ibo Eastern Region.
(Econ, 12/3/11, p.114)
1966 Feb 1, US pilot Dieter
Dengler (1939-2001) was shot down in his A-1 Skyraider over Laos. He
managed to organize 6 American and Thai prisoners and escaped his
captors in July. In 2007 a German documentary by Werner Herzog,
Little Dieter Needs To Fly, was expanded into a full film. In 2010
Bruce Henderson authored Hero Found: The Greatest POW Escape of the
(SFC, 7/30/10, p.F2)
1966 Feb 1, Nicholas
Piantanida, set a balloon flight record & died during the
1966 Feb 3, The Soviet probe
Luna 9 became the first manmade object to make a soft landing on the
1966 Feb 4, Gilbert H.
Grosvenor (90), president National Geographic Society, died.
1966 Feb 8, In Malaysia the
Tugu Negara (national monument) was completed and officially opened
by the Sultan Ismail Nasiruddin Shah, the head of state. The
sculpture was designed by Austria-born American sculptor Felix de
Weldon (1907-2003). It was proclaimed a memorial park dedicated to
the 11,000 people who died during the 12-year Malayan Emergency
(1948-1960). Thereafter, a wreath-laying ceremony takes place at the
monument every July 31 on Warriors Day.
1966 Feb 9, Sophie Tucker (79),
Russian-US singer, actress (My Yiddish Mama), died.
1966 Feb 10, Protester David
Miller was convicted of burning his draft card.
1966 Feb 12, The South
Vietnamese won two big battles in the Mekong Delta. In Vietnam's
Mekong Delta, Navy SEALs were the military's eyes and ears,
providing vital intelligence on enemy operations.
1966 Feb 16, The World Council
of Churches being held in Geneva, urged immediate peace in Vietnam.
Vietnam was the war that five presidents "owned"--and yet no
1966 Feb 17, Alfred P. Sloan
Jr. (b.1875) former president GM (1923-1956), died. As president of
GM he brought in corporate management, introduced the ideas of model
changes and offering a car "for every purse and purpose." In 2002
David Farber authored "Sloan Rules."
(WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R42)
1966 Feb 19, Robert F. Kennedy
suggested the U.S. offer the Vietcong a role in governing South
1966 Feb 20, Chester W. Nimitz
(80), US admiral (WW II), died at home on Yerba Buena Island
(Treasure Island) in SF Bay.
(MC, 2/20/02)(Ind, 11/9/02, 5A)
1966 Feb 24, A military coup
overthrew Ghanas Pres. Kwame Nkrumah. He fled to Guinea.
1966 Feb, The US stock market
began a 9 month decline of 25%.
1966 Feb, In Syria the Alawis
took power and presented themselves as standard Muslims. Hafez
Assad, a member of the Alawite clan, was rewarded for his role and
appointment as Defense Minister. Nearly 80% of Syrians are Sunnis.
(WSJ, 1/9/96, p.A-1)(WSJ, 6/12/00, p.A30)
1966 Mar 1, Moscow reported
that a space probe had crashed on Venus. Venera 3 became the 1st
man-made object to impact on a planet (Venus).
(HN, 3/1/98)(SC, 3/1/02)
1966 Mar 1, The Baath-party
took power in Syria. Among the fighters who had a part in toppling
Amin Hafez was Hafez Assad, who became president four years later
and ruled Syria with an iron fist for three decades.
(SC, 3/1/02)(AP, 12/18/09)
1966 Mar 2, Milton Obote stage
a coup against Pres. Edward Mutesa (d.1969) and had himself declared
president of Uganda. Mutesa, the Baganda king and non-executive
president of Uganda, was burned out of his palace and exiled. Mutesa
fled Obotes army and went to London where his son, Ronald Muwenda
Mutebi was enrolled in boarding school.
12/19/94, A-1,6)(Econ, 7/26/08, p.58)
1966 Mar 2, There were some
215,000 US soldiers in Vietnam. Gen. Westmoreland called for 325,000
by July and 410,000 by December.
(SC, 3/2/02)(Econ, 7/11/09, p.88)
1966 Mar 3, James Goldman's
"Lion in Winter" premiered in NYC.
1966 Mar 3, Rock group Buffalo
Springfield formed with Steven Stills, Neil Young, et al.
1966 Mar 3, "Lightnin' Lou"
Christie was striking gold this day for his hit "Lightnin' Strikes".
Christie was born Lugee Sacco and joined a group called The Classics
before making his first recording in 1960. In 1961, he recorded
under the name Lugee & The Lions until changing to Lou Christie
for a string of hits beginning in 1963. Other notable tunes from
Christie's Top 40 appearances include: "The Gypsy Cried", "Two Faces
Have I", "Rhapsody in the Rain" and "I'm Gonna Make You Mine" all
displaying his trademark falsetto voice, similar to that of Frankie
Valli of The Four Seasons. "Lightnin' Strikes" was Christie's only
(HC, Internet, 3/3/98)
1966 Mar 3, An F5 tornado hit
Jackson, Miss. 57 people were killed and nearly 1000 homes
destroyed. Damages were estimated at $18 million.
(SFC, 3/3/09, p.D6)
1966 Mar 4, John Lennon said:
"We (Beatles) are more popular than Jesus." Radio stations in the
Netherlands and in Spain quickly banned the playing of Beatle
records as did the South African Broadcasting Corporation, stating
that "The Beatles' arrogance has passed the ultimate limit of
decency. It is clowning no longer."
1966 Mar 4, North Sea Gas was
1st pumped ashore by BP.
1966 Mar 4, Canadian Pacific
airliner exploded on landing in Tokyo and 64 died.
1966 Mar 5, 75 MPH air currents
caused a BOAC 707 to crash into Mount Fuji and 124 died.
1966 Mar 5, Anna Akhmatova,
Russian poet, died in Leningrad. She was born in 1889 as Anna
Gorenko near Odessa, Ukraine. In 2005 Elaine Feinstein authored
Anna of All the Russias: A Life of Anna Akhmatova.
(www.poetryconnection.net/poets/Anna_Akhmatova)(SSFC, 4/2/06, p.M3)
1966 Mar 6, In Guatemala
security forces arrested 32 people suspected of aiding Marxist
guerrillas. They all disappeared. A later CIA cable identified 3 of
the missing as terrorists executed by Guatemalan authorities on Mar
(SFC, 3/11/99, p.A12)
1966 Mar 7, Charles de Gaulle
said he would pull France out of NATO's integrated military command.
French military personnel stepped down from their positions in NATO
on July 1.
1966 Mar 8, "Golden Boy" closed
at Majestic Theater in NYC after 569 performances.
1966 Mar 8, Australia announced
that it would triple the number of troops in Vietnam.
1966 Mar 8, An IRA bomb
destroyed Nelsons Column in Dublin. Work on the column had begun in
1808 and it was completed in 1809.
1966 Mar 10, The North
Vietnamese captured a Green Beret camp at Ashau Valley.
1966 Mar 10, Kelso, 5 time
Horse of the Year, retired.
1966 Mar 11, Three men were
convicted of the murder of Malcolm X.
1966 Mar 11, In Indonesia army
generals held guns to the head of Pres. Sukarno and forced him to
sign a document transferring power to Gen. Suharto.
(SFC, 12/9/00, p.A18)
1966 Mar 15, Abe Saperstein,
founder of the Harlem Globetrotters, died.
1966 Mar 16, Col. Paul
Underwood flew a bombing mission over Lai Chau Province in Vietnam
and crashed after releasing bombs from his F-105 Thunderchief. His
remains were returned to the US in 1998.
(SFEC, 2/1/98, p.A14)
1966 Mar 16, Alfred Rascon, a
US Army medic in South Vietnam, saved the lives of a number of his
platoon members using his own wounded body to cover wounded men
while treating their wounds under fire. He received the Medal of
Honor in 2000.
(SFC, 2/9/00, p.A2)
1966 Mar 16-1966 Mar 17, US
astronauts Neil Armstrong and David Scott performed the first
(NPub, 2002, p.20)
1966 Mar 17, A U.S. midget
submarine located a missing hydrogen bomb which had fallen from an
American bomber into the Mediterranean off Spain.
(AP, 3/17/97)(HN, 3/17/98)
1966 Mar 18, Hedda Hopper,
American gossip columnist (1890-1966), died. "Having only friends
would be dull anyway -- like eating eggs without salt."
1966 Mar 19, Texas Western
College under coach Don Haskins won the NCAA basketball tournament
becoming the 1st team to win with an all African American team. In
2006 the film Glory Road depicted the story of the winning team.
(SFC, 1/24/06, p.B1)
1966 Mar 21, Supreme Court
reversed Massachusetts ruling that Fanny Hill" is obscene.
1966 Mar 23, The 1st official
meeting after 400 years of Catholic and Anglican Church.
1966 Mar 24, Selective Service
announced college deferments based on performance.
1966 Mar 27, Anti-Vietnam war
demonstrations took place in US, Europe and Australia.
1966 Mar 28, Navy corpsman
Robert R. Ingram was shot while with his platoon of marines on a
ridge in Quang Ngai province, South Vietnam. He continued providing
medical attention to his comrades with multiple wounds to himself.
He was awarded a belated Medal of Honor in 1998 due to lost
(SFC, 7/11/98, p.A3)
1966 Mar 29, Leonid Brezhnev
became First Secretary of the Soviet Communist Party. He denounced
the American policy in Vietnam and called it one of aggression.
1966 Mar 31, An estimated
200,000 anti-war demonstrators marched in New York City. 25,000 anti
war demonstrators marched in NYC.
(HN, 3/31/98)(SFEC, 11/28/99, p.A28)(MC, 3/31/02)
1966 Mar 31, Labour Party won
British parliamentary election.
1966 Apr 2, Cecil Scott
Forester (66), English author (Horatio Hornblower), died.
1966 Apr 3, Three-thousand
South Vietnamese Army troops led a protest against the Ky regime in
1966 Apr 6, Emmett Ashford
became the first African-American major league umpire. The highly
regarded umpire was known for his dynamic and distinctive style of
calling balls and strikes.
1966 Apr 7, The United States
recovered the hydrogen bomb it had lost off the coast of Spain.
1966 Apr 8, The AFL chose 36
year old Al Davis as commissioner.
1966 Apr 8, The cover of Time
magazine asked Is God Dead? An article inside examined the
changing view of the Judeo-Christian god.
1966 Apr 8, Leonid Brezhnev was
elected secretary-general of communist party. [see Mar 29]
1966 Apr 9, The statue of
Winston Churchill was dedicated at the British Embassy in
1966 Apr 10, Evelyn Waugh
(b.1903), British writer, satirist (Brideshead Revisited), died. He
also wrote The Loved Ones, a satire on California burial customs
and Vile Bodies. His correspondence with Nancy Mitford, novelist
of manners, was edited by Charlotte Mosley and published in 1997. In
2007 Alexander Waugh, grandson of Evelyn Waugh, authored Fathers
and Sons, his biography of the Waugh family.
(WSJ, 4/29/97, p.A18)(SFC, 9/11/04, p.E1)(WSJ,
1966 Apr 12, Emmett Ashford
became the first African-American major league umpire. [see Apr 6]
1966 Apr 12, Jan Berry
(1942-2004) of the "Jan and Dean" duo was involved in a car crash
that left him in a month-long coma. Their hit songs from 1960-1966
included: "Little Old lady from Pasadena," "Deadmans Curve," and
(SFEC, 7/13/97, DB p.63)(SSFC, 3/28/04, p.B5)
1966 Apr 12, 1st B-52 bombing
on North Vietnam took place.
1966 Apr 13, Pan Am placed a
$525,000,000 order for 25 Boeing 747s. The 747 jumbo jet
revolutionized mass air transportation.
(MC, 4/13/02)(SSFC, 12/14/03, p.D2)
1966 Apr 16, Rhodesian PM Ian
Smith broke diplomatic relations with Britain.
1966 Apr 19, Lt. Lee Aaron
Adams of Willits, Ca., was killed when his F-105D Thunderchief
fighter plane was shot down in North Vietnam. His remains were
returned home in 2005. During 1966 the US Air Force lost 126
(SFC, 6/2/05, p.A1)
1966 Apr 21, Pfc. Milton Lee
Oliver was awarded the Medal of Honor, posthumously, for bravery
during the Vietnam War.
1966 Apr 21, Emperor Haile
Selassie (Ethiopia) visited Kingston, Jamaica.
1966 Apr 23, President Lyndon
Johnson publicly appeals for "more flags" (foreign countries) to
come to the aid of South Vietnam.
1966 Apr, The Grateful Dead
returned to Northern California from Los Angeles. They established a
ranch in Novato and moved into a Victorian at 710 Haight St.
(SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W28)
1966 Apr, Mary Wells Lawrence
founded the ad agency Wells Rich Greene. In 2002 she authored A Big
Life (In Advertising).
(WSJ, 5/17/02, p.W10)
1966 Apr, US Rubber changed its
name to Uniroyal Inc.
(WSJ, 5/28/96, R45)
1966 Apr, Robert G. Ferry
(1934-2009, helicopter test pilot, flew solo 2,213 miles nonstop
from Culver City, Ca., to Ormond Beach, Fl., in 15 hours and 8
minutes setting a world record.
(SFC, 2/11/09, p.B7)
1966 Apr, The first issue of
American History Illustrated was published by founder Robert Fowler
(d.2003 at 76). The magazine was later renamed American History.
(AH, 2/03, p.2)
1966 May 1, Last British
concert by Beatles was at Empire Pool in Wembley.
1966 May 7, In Northern Ireland
a group of loyalists led by Gusty Spence (1933-2011) petrol bombed a
Catholic-owned pub on Shankill Road, Belfast. Fire also engulfed the
house next door, killing the elderly Protestant widow who lived
1966 May 13, Rolling
Stones released "Paint it Black."
(SS, Internet, 5/13/97)
1966 May 13, Federal education
funding was denied to 12 school districts in the South because of
violations of the 1964 Civil Rights Act.
1966 May 14, Stokely Carmichael
was elected chairman of SNCC. Civil rights leader and one-time
chairman of the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)
Stokely Carmichael is credited with popularizing the slogan "Black
Power" during a march led by James Meridith. The "Black Power"
slogan was endorsed by the Congress of Racial Equality but rejected
by the NAACP Convention in 1966.
1966 May 14, Ludwig Meidner
(b.1884), German expressionist artist, died.
1966 May 15, South Vietnamese
army battled Buddhists and about 80 died.
1966 May 16, Columbia Records
released Bob Dylans album "Blonde on Blonde."
1966 May 16, Stokely Carmichael
was named chairman of Student Nonviolent Coordinating.
1966 May 16, Mao exploited his
cult status as Communist China's "red, red sun" and urged young
Chinese to revolt against traditional culture and leaders. The
country descended into the ideological frenzy of the Cultural
Revolution. Teenagers armed with red booklets of Mao's speeches
battled one another and dispatched millions to the countryside. Many
"capitalist roaders" were hounded to death. The Cultural Revolution
was a radical upheaval of Chinese society initiated by Chinese
leader Mao Zedong. Mao, fearing his influence fading, chose to
promote the movement, which amounted to anarchy and terror erupting
in Chinas urban centers. In doing so, he circumvented his
designated successors with individuals committed to his vision,
including the Gang of Four.
(WSJ 12/10/93)(HNQ, 6/6/01)(Econ, 5/20/06, p.43)
1966 May 17, A North Vietnamese
interview with US Adm. Jeremiah Denton (1924-2014) was broadcast on
US TV. He had been shot down over North Vietnam in 1965. Denton used
his eyes to blink out T-O-R-T-U-R-E in Morse code. This was the
first confirmation that American POWs were being tortured.
(SFC, 3/29/14, p.C6)
1966 May 18, Paul Althaus (78),
German theologist (That Christian Wahrheit), died.
1966 May 19, A tortoise,
reportedly given to Tonga's King by Capt. Cook in 1773), died.
1966 May 21, The new $114
million Stanford Linear Accelerator Center at Stanford Univ., Ca.,
began smashing atoms.
(SFC, 9/30/02, p.A5)(SFC, 9/26/07, p.B7)
1966 May 21, In Northern
Ireland a group calling itself the "Ulster Volunteer Force" issued
the following statement: From this day, we declare war against the
Irish Republican Army and its splinter groups. Known IRA men will be
executed mercilessly and without hesitation. Less extreme measures
will be taken against anyone sheltering or helping them, but if they
persist in giving them aid, then more extreme methods will be
adopted... we solemnly warn the authorities to make no more speeches
of appeasement. We are heavily armed Protestants dedicated to this
1966 May 24, The Broadway
musical "Mame" opened with Angel Lansbury and Bea Arthur at Winter
Garden Theater in NYC for 1508 performances. It was directed by Gene
Saks and was based on the novel "Auntie Mame" by Patrick Dennis.
(SFEC, 12/8/96, Par p.18)(SSFC, 12/24/00, Par
p.10)(SSFC, 4/26/09, p.B6)
1966 May 25, Peru and Argentina
soccer fans fought in Lima and 248 died.
1966 May 26, A Buddhist monk
set himself on fire at US consulate in Hu, South-Vietnam.
1966 May 27, In Northern
Ireland 4 Ulster Volunteer Force men were sent to kill an IRA
volunteer, Leo Martin, who lived on Falls Road. Unable to find their
target, the men drove around in search of a Catholic. They shot dead
John Scullion, a civilian, as he walked home.
1966 May 27, 6 French fighters
crashed above Spain.
1966 May, The US launched 2
sorties of U-2 spy planes off the USS Ranger to monitor the French
nuclear test site at Mururoa Atoll in the South Pacific. These were
the only aircraft-carrier-based launches of the U-2 spy planes. The
information was made public in 2006.
1966 Jun 1, George Harrison is
impressed by Ravi Shankar's concert in London.
1966 Jun 1, 2,400 persons
attended the White House Conference on Civil Rights.
1966 Jun 2, The U.S. space
probe Surveyor 1 landed on the moon in Oceanus Procellarum and began
transmitting detailed photographs of the lunar surface.
(AP, 6/2/97)(SC, 6/2/02)
1966 Jun 6, Claus Von Bulow
& Martha (Sunny) Crawford were wed.
1966 Jun 6, NFL & AFL
announced their merger.
1966 Jun 6, Stokely Carmichael
launched the "Black Power" movement.
1966 Jun 6, Black activist
James Meredith was shot and wounded as he walked solo along a
Mississippi highway to encourage black voter registration.
(AP, 6//97)(HN, 6/6/98)
1966 Jun 8, A merger was
announced between the National and American Football Leagues, to
take effect in 1970.
1966 Jun 8, Gemini astronaut
Gene Cernan attempted to become the first man to orbit the Earth
untethered to a space capsule, but was unable to when he exhausts
himself fitting into his rocket pack.
1966 Jun 8, A tornado hit
Topeka, Kansas, killing 16 people and destroying 820 homes.
(SFC, 6/8/09, p.D8)
1966 Jun 10, Mamas & Papas
won a gold record for "Monday, Monday."
Jun 11, The musical "On A Clear Day You Can See Forever" closed at
the Mark Hellinger in NYC after 280 performances. It had opened on
October 17, 1965.
1966 Jun 11, Wallace Ford (68),
actor (The Deputy), died.
1966 Jun 12, Hermann Scherchen
(74), German conductor, music publisher, died.
1966 Jun 13, The Supreme Court
issued its landmark Miranda vs. Arizona decision, ruling that
criminal suspects must be informed of their constitutional rights
prior to questioning by police. The conviction of Ernesto Miranda
for rape and kidnapping was overturned because his confession was
not voluntarily given.
(AP, 6/13/97)(SFC, 9/12/02, p.A26)
1966 Jun 16, "Rowan &
Martin Show," debuted on NBC-TV.
1966 Jun 16, In the 20th Tony
Awards: Marat/Sade and Man of La Mancha won.
1966 Jun 18, Samuel Nabrit
became the first African American to serve on the Atomic Energy
1966 Jun 19, French
archeologist Pierre Montet (b.1885), renowned for his excavations at
Tanis, Egypt, died in Paris. In 1958 he published an account of his
discoveries titled La Necropole Royale de Tanis.
1966 Jun 21, Reg Calvert
(b.1938), a pirate-radio operator, was shot and killed by Oliver
Smedley, an ex-army man and commercial rival. In 2010 Adrian Johns
authored Death of a Pirate: British Radio and the Making of the
1966 Jun 22, The film "Who's
Afraid of Virginia Woolf?" opened.
1966 Jun 23, Civil Rights
marchers in Mississippi were dispersed by tear gas.
1966 Jun 24, The period of
relative peace following WW II exceeded that following WW I.
1966 Jun 24, A Bombay to NY Air
India flight crashed into Mont Blanc (Switz) and 117 died.
1966 Jun 26, The pro-British
Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF), killed a Catholic civilian. Gusty
Spence (1933-2011), one of the UVF founders, was charged with the
murder, but the charges were dropped. The UVF had "declared war" on
the Irish Republican Army (IRA), which wanted Northern Ireland to
sever its connection to Britain and unite with the Republic of
1966 Jun 27, The 1st sci-fi
soap opera, "Dark Shadows," premiered.
1966 Jun 28, In Argentina a
military uprising led by General Juan Carlos Ongania overthrew
President Arturo Illia of the UCRP.
1966 Jun 29, The U.S. Air Force
bombed fuel storage facilities near Hanoi and Haiphong, North
Vietnam. Republic Aircraft's F-105 Thunderchief, better known as the
'Thud,' was the Air Force's warhorse in Vietnam.
(HN, 6/29/98)(AP, 6/29/97)
1966 Jun 30, Betty Friedan
(1921-2006) and 27 other women and men founded the National
Organization for Woman and served as its 1st president (1966-1970).
Catherine S. East (1916-1996) persuaded Betty Friedan to found NOW.
(SFC, 8/20/96, p.A18)(Econ, 2/11/06,
1966 Jun, The SF Sutro Baths,
sold to land developers, began demolition and planned to build
high-rise apartments. A fire broke out and completed the
destruction. The ruins became part of the Park Service in 1980.
(SFC, 5/19/96,City Guide, p.7)(SFC, 4/14/99, Z1
1966 Jun, Allen and Beatrix
Gardner of the Univ. of Nevada began teaching sign language to a
10-month-old female chimpanzee named Washoe (d.2007).
1966 Jun, In China radicals
hounded Peng Zhen from office as mayor of Beijing under charges that
he had transformed Beijing into a personal empire in opposition to
(SFEC, 4/27/97, p.B8)
1966 Jul 1, The US Medicare
federal insurance program went into effect.
1966 Jul 1, The U.S. Marines
launched Operation Holt in an attempt to finish off a Vietcong
battalion in Thua Thien Province in Vietnam.
1966 Jul 4, President Johnson
signed the Freedom of Information Act, which went into effect the
1966 Jul 4, Beatles were
attacked in Philippines after insulting Imelda Marcos.
1966 Jul 5, National Guard was
mobilized in Omaha after a 3rd night of rioting.
1966 Jul 7, The U.S. Marine
Corps launched Operation Hasting to drive the North Vietnamese Army
back across the Demilitarized Zone in Vietnam.
1966 Jul 8, A US airline strike
began and lasted until Aug 19th.
1966 Jul 11, Debbie Dunning
(actress: Home Improvement), was born.
1966 Jul 11, "I Am A Rock" by
Simon & Garfunkel peaked at #3.
1966 Jul 12, There were race
riots in Chicago.
1966 Jul 12, D.T. Suzuki (96),
Zen Buddhism scholar, died in Tokyo, Japan.
1966 Jul 14, German-born
playboy Gunter Sachs (1932-2011) married Brigitte Bardot in Las
Vegas. They divorced in 1969.
1966 Jul 14, In Chicago Richard
Speck murdered 8 student nurses in a Chicago dormitory. He made a
videotape in prison and admitted to the killings. Gloria Davy,
Patricia Matusek, Nina Schmale, Pamela Wilkening, Suzanne
Farris, Mary Ann Jordan, Merlita Gargullo, and Valentina
Paison; all nursing students at the South Chicago Community
Hospital; were raped then strangled or stabbed to death by Richard
Speck. One survivor, Cora Amurao, identified Richard Speck, and he
was put in jail. He was serving consecutive sentences of 50 to 150
years and died of a heart attack in 1991 at age 49. The video shows
him having sex and snorting cocaine in prison.
(USA Today, 5/14/96, p.3A)(TMC, 1994, p.1966)
1966 Jul 16, "Half a Sixpence"
closed at Broadhurst Theater in NYC after 512 performances.
1966 Jul 17, Ho Chi Minh
ordered a partial mobilization of North Vietnam to defend against
1966 Jul 19, Gov. James Rhodes
declared a state of emergency in Cleveland due to a race riot.
1966 Jul 21, Gemini X returned
1966 Jul 22, B-52 bombers hit
the Demilitarized Zone between North and South Vietnam for the first
1966 Jul 23, [Edward]
Montgomery Clift (45), actor (From Here to Eternity), died.
1966 Jul 24, Oakland-born
golfer Tony Lema (32), while flying with his wife Betty to an
exhibition match in Chicago, Illinois, crashed on the seventh hole
of a golf course in Lansing, Illinois, after their chartered
twin-engine Beechcraft Bonanza ran out of fuel. All four people on
board were killed.
1966 Jul 25, Supremes released
"You Can't Hurry Love."
1966 Jul 25, Yankee manager
Casey Stengel was elected to baseballs Hall of Fame.
1966 Jul 29, Bob Dylan was hurt
in motorcycle accident near Woodstock, NY.
1966 Jul 29, Edward Gordon
Craig (b.1872), the son of English actress Ellen Terry, died. He had
authored the controversial manifesto On the Art of the Theater
(1911) and envisioned that the future of theater lay in lights,
sounds, shadows and screens.
1966 Jul 30, US airplanes
bombed the demilitarized zone in Vietnam.
1966 Jul 31, Alabamans burned
Beatle products due to John Lennon's remark that the Beatles are
more popular than Jesus.
1966 Jul 29, In Nigeria
northern troops led by Major Theophilus Danjuma and Captain Martin
Adamu led a military coup that ended civilian rule.
(SFC, 3/2/99, p.A8)(WSJ, 4/15/03, p.A14)(AFP,
1966 Aug 1, Charles Joseph
Whitman (25), architectural engineering student and ex-Marine, shot
and killed 14 people at the University of Texas before he was gunned
down by police. His mother and wife were the first victims before he
climbed to the tower at the Univ. of Texas in Austen and shot 14
people dead and wounded 31. One shooting victim died of
complications in 2001 bringing the death toll to 17. The 1997 film
"The Delicate Art of the Rifle" by the Cambrai Liberation Collective
of North Carolina was a reimaging of the attack at the Austin
(AP, 8/1/97)(SFC,11/19/97, p.A3)(SFC, 4/17/07,
1966 Aug 1, In Nigeria Gen'l.
Yakuba Gowon (b.1934) was named head of state and ruled until 1975.
1966 Aug 3, Lenny Bruce
(b.1925), stand up comic, died at his home in Hollywood, Ca., from a
1966 Aug 5, Martin Luther King
Jr. was stoned during a march in Chicago.
1966 Aug 5, Beatles released
their "Revolver" album in US.
1966 Aug 5, Beatles released
"Yellow Submarine" and "Eleanor Rigby" in UK.
1966 Aug 6, Demonstrations
against war in Vietnam become widespread throughout US.
1966 Aug 7, The United States
lost seven planes over North Vietnam, the most in the war up to this
1966 Aug 7, There was a race
riot in Lansing, Michigan.
1966 Aug 8, South African
Broadcasting banned the Beatles for Lennon's anti-Jesus remark.
1966 Aug 11, Wilkes Bashford
(33), mens clothing retailer, opened his own shop in SF. In 2009 he
filed for bankruptcy and sold his operations to
Mitchells/Richards/Marshs, an East Coast company.
(SSFC, 8/6/06, p.D1)(SFC, 11/11/09, p.A12)
1966 Aug 17, Pioneer 7 launched
into solar orbit.
1966 Aug 18, Australians
bloodily repulsed a Viet Cong attack at Long Tan, South Vietnam.
1966 Aug 19, An earthquake
struck Varko, Turkey, and some 2,400 were killed.
1966 Aug 20, The Beatles were
pelted with rotten fruit during a Memphis concert.
1966 Aug 22, The Beatles
arrived in NYC.
1966 Aug 27, There was a race
riot in Waukegan, Illinois.
1966 Aug 27, Sir Francis
Chichester began 1st solo ocean voyage around the world.
1966 Aug 29, The Beatles
concluded their fourth American tour with their last public concert,
at Candlestick Park in San Francisco.
1966 Aug 29, In Egypt Sayyid
Qutb (b.1906), intellectual godfather of radical Islam, was hanged
for treason under Pres. Nasser. Qutb had earlier written: "A Muslim
has no nationality except his belief." He denounced western hedonism
and the decadence of Muslim regimes. Qutb had spent some time in the
US (1948-1951) and authored the 1951 essay The America I Have
Seen. While in prison (1954-1964) in Egypt, Qutb authored
Milestones, to chart the course of his crushed movement. His
brother Muhammad went into exile in Saudi Arabia where he taught at
King Abdul Aziz Univ. Osama bin Laden was one of his students. In
2010 John Calvert authored Sayyid Qutb and the Origins of Radical
(WSJ, 3/22/04, p.A18)(Econ, 2/4/06, p.24)(Econ,
7/17/10, p.86)(Econ, 8/6/11, p.20)
1966 Aug 31, In China a
response to Maos call for a Cultural Revolution led to a massacre
in Hongsheng, one of 13 communes in Beijings Daxing district, that
left 110 people dead. The official death toll for all 13 communes
was put at 324. Over 2 weeks some 2,000 Beijing residents were
(Econ, 5/20/06, p.43)
1966 Aug, John McCone, former
CIA director, joined Ronald Reagans campaign as head of an
executive policy advice committee.
(SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F6)
1966 Aug, The commander of 5th
Special Forces established an ad hoc Mobile Force that he carved out
of his resources. Initially the element was called Task Force 777,
later renamed Blackjack 21. The "2" was for the II Corps area that
included the Central Highlands, home to several Montagnard tribes.
The "1" meant it was the first of its kind in II Corps--and in
Vietnam. The formal mission statement was: To infiltrate into the
area of operations and conduct border surveillance, interdict
infiltration routes, and conduct guerrilla-type operations against
known VC installations. Infiltration, reconnaissance, operations,
and exfiltration will be executed clandestinely.
1966 Sep 1, The 1st annual
Muscular Dystrophy Telethon, led by Jerry Lewis, was held.
(SFC, 9/3/97, p.E5)
1966 Sep 3, The 24th World
Sci-Fi Convention honored Gene Roddenberry.
1966 Sep 4, US pilot Ron Bliss
was shot down over North Vietnam and spent 6 1/2 years in prison at
the "Hanoi Hilton." His story was later part of the 1998 documentary
"Return With Honor."
(SFEC, 8/15/99, DB p.50)
1966 Sep 6, A race riot took
place in the Summerhill neighborhood of Atlanta, Ga., from Sep 6-11.
Blacks rioted after a suspected car thief is shot escaping a white
cop and 138 people were arrested with 35 injured. Student
Non-Violent Coordinating Committee's (SNCC's) Stokely Carmichael is
indicted for inciting a riot, and Julian Bond resigns from SNCC.
1966 Sep 6, Margaret Higgins
Sanger (b.1883), birth control advocate and founder of the
organization that became Planned Parenthood, died. In 2011 Jean H.
Baker authored Margaret Sanger: A Life of Passion.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Margaret_Sanger)(SSFC, 12/4/11, p.F1)
1966 Sep 6, South African Prime
Minister Hendrik Verwoerd was stabbed to death by a deranged page
during a parliamentary session in Cape Town. Demitrios Tsafendas was
reported to have been insane with the belief that a tapeworm inside
his head instructed him to do the killing. In 2001 Henk Van Woerden
authored The Assassin: A Story of Race and Rage in the Land of
(AP, 9/6/97)(SSFC, 7/8/01, DB p.63)
1966 Sep 8, The television
series Star Trek premiered on NBC with the episode "The Man Trap".
Nichelle Nichols starred as Lt. Uhura.
(SFC, 8/5/96, p.A13)(SFC, 6/12/99, p.A23)(AP,
1966 Sep 8, The situation
comedy "That Girl" starring Marlo Thomas premiered on ABC-TV.
1966 Sep 10, The Beatles'
"Revolver," album went #1 & stays #1 for 6 weeks.
1966 Sep 12, "The Monkees"
debuted on NBC TV. "Hey, hey we're the Monkees- and we don't monkey
around." The show ran to 1868 and won an Emmy.
(WSJ, 1/9/97, p.A8)(AP, 9/12/01)
1966 Sep 12, The situation
comedy Family Affair'' premiered on CBS.
1966 Sep 12, The Beatles
received a gold record for "Yellow Submarine."
1966 Sep 14, Operation
Attleboro, designed as a training exercise for American troops in
South Vietnam, became a month-long struggle against the Viet Cong.
1966 Sep 14, Tillie Edelstein
(b.1898), actress and screenwriter, died. As Gertrude Berg, she
created The Goldbergs (1929), a radio program that later became
first television sitcom. In 2009 Aviva Kempner directed a
documentary of Berg titled Yoo-Hoo, Mrs. Goldberg.
1966 Sep 16, The Metropolitan
Opera opened its new opera house at New York's Lincoln Center for
the Performing Arts.
1966 Sep 17, Mission
Impossible premiered on CBS. Greg Morris (1934-1996) played Barney
Collier, the technical wizard. Its theme music was written by Lalo
Schifrin. The series ran until 1973.
(SFC, 8/28/96, C2)(SI-WPC, 12/6/96)(AP, 9/17/01)
1966 Sep 17, Fritz Wunderlich,
charismatic German tenor (Stuttgart 1955-58), died at 35 from
falling down stairs, two months short of his Met Opera debut.
1966 Sep 18, Gemini XI, a 3-day
mission, was launched with Charles Conrad in command.
(SFC, 7/9/99, p.A6)
1966 Sep 20, Allen Cohen
(1940-2004), published the 1st edition of the SF Oracle underground
newspaper. The San Francisco Oracle featured visionary art by such
renown artists as: Rick Griffin, Victor Moscoso, David Singer,
Stanley Mouse, alongside writing firmly steeped in the past with
such Beat era writers as: Allen Ginsberg, Gary Snyder, and Lawrence
Ferlinghetti. Cohen was arrested earlier in 1966 for selling a
collection of erotic poetry called "The Love Book" by Lenore Kandel.
Cohen was convicted and fined $50. The SF Oracle folded in 1968
following the publication of issue #12.
1966 Sep 21, Jimmy Hendrix
changed the spelling of his name to Jimi.
1966 Sep 22, Edward Albee's
"Delicate Balance," premiered in NYC.
1966 Sep 25, Dmitri
Shostakovitch's 2nd Cello Concert premiered in Moscow.
1966 Sep 30, The Republic of
Botswana, a Texas sized country, declared its independence from
Britain. Seretse Khama (1921-1980) began serving as the 1st
president of Botswana.
(SFC, 7/1/97, p.A9)(AP,
1966 Sep 30, Nazi war criminals
Albert Speer, the German minister of armaments, and Baldur von
Schirach, the founder of the Hitler Youth, were freed at midnight
from Spandau prison after serving twenty-year prison sentences. In
2002 Joachim Fest authored the biography: "Speer: The final
1966 Sep, In SF the Jefferson
Airplane played the bands last show at the Matrix, the first night
that Grace Slick sang with the band.
(SFC, 11/17/08, p.E4)
1966 Oct 5, A sodium cooling
system malfunction caused a partial core meltdown at the Enrico
Fermi demonstration breeder reactor near Detroit, Mich. Radiation
1966 Oct 6, Hanoi insisted the
United States must end its bombing in Vietnam before peace talks
1966 Oct 10, U.S. Forces
launched Operation Robin, in Hoa Province south of Saigon in South
Vietnam, to provide road security between villages.
1966 Oct 13, 173 US airplanes
1966 Oct 14, 175 US airplanes
bombed North Vietnam.
1966 Oct 14, The World Banks
International Center for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID)
came into force. It was established under the Convention on the
Settlement of Investment Disputes between States and Nationals of
1966 Oct 15, President Johnson
signed a bill creating the Department of Transportation.
1966 Oct 15, US Congress passed
the Endangered Species Preservation Act. It was expanded in 1973 as
the Endangered Species Act. The Devils Hole Pupfish of Death Valley
were among the first species protected. By 1972 only 124 remained.
By 2007 only 42 were left. The count reached 75 in 2013.
1966 Oct 15, South Dakotas
Mount Rushmore was listed on the National Register of Historic
1966 Oct 15, The Black Panthers
wrote their Ten Point Program at the Office of Economic Development
Corp. in Oakland, Ca. It called for adequate housing, jobs,
education and an end to police brutality. The Black Panther Party
was founded by Merritt College students Huey Newton and Bobby Seale.
In 2006 Flores A. Forbes authored Will You Die With Me: My Life and
the Black Panther Party.
(SFC,10/24/97, p.A15)(SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W31)(SSFC,
1966 Oct 16, Joan Baez and 123
other anti-draft protestors were arrested in Oakland.
1966 Oct 17, Wieland Wagner,
German opera director and grandson of Richard Wagner, died.
1966 Oct 18, "Apple Tree"
opened at Shubert Theater NYC for 463 performances.
1966 Oct 19, Elizabeth Arden,
US cosmetic manufacturer, died. In 2004 Lindy Woodhead
authored War Paint: Madame Helena Rubinstein & Miss Elizabeth
Arden: Their Lives, Their times, Their Rivalry.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elizabeth_Arden)(SSFC, 3/8/09, p.G1)
1966 Oct 21, More than 140
people, mostly children, were killed when a coal waste landslide
engulfed a school and several houses in Aberfan, Wales.
1966 Oct 22, The Soviet Union
launched Luna 12 for orbit around the moon.
1966 Oct 26, US aircraft
carrier Oriskany caught fire at Gulf on Tonkin and 43 died.
1966 Oct 27, The UN deprived
South Africa of Namibia.
1966 Oct 29, The National
Organization for Women was formally organized during a conference in
1966 Oct 30, The Zodiac killer
murdered a female college student in Riverside. In 1985 Robert
Graysmith authored "Zodiac" in which he identified the killer with
the pseudonym of "Robert Starr," and later identified him as Arthur
Leigh Allen (d.1992), a convicted child molester from Vallejo.
Graysmith authored "Zodiac Unmasked" in 2002. In 2009 Deborah Perez
(47) asserted that her father, Santa Ana resident Guy Ward
Hendrickson (d.1983), was the Zodiac killer and that she had
accompanied him on some of the killings.
(SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W20)(SSFC, 5/12/02, p.M6)(SFC,
1966 Oct, The song 96 Tears
by the Mysterians Chicano band of Michigan hit No. 1 on the
(SFEC, 1/25/98, DB p.36)
1966 Oct, LSD was made illegal.
(SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W28)
1966 Oct, In Northern Ireland
Gusty Spence was given life in prison for the murder of an 18
year-old Catholic barman, Peter Ward. In his 18 years behind bars,
Spence turned away from violence and on his release became involved
1966 Nov 4, In Florence, Italy
the River Arno overflowed and damaged the Uffizi Gallery. Whole
libraries of valuable ancient documents were soaked. 33 people died
in the flood and blame fell principally on Enel, Italys largest
power company. In 2008 Robert Clark authored Dark Water: Flood and
Redemption in the City of Masterpieces.
(WSJ, 10/29/96, p.A21)(SFC, 4/6/01, p.D4)(Econ,
1966 Nov 4, A devastating flood
swamped Venice, damaged monuments and covered the city in mud. 5,000
people were made homeless.
(SFC, 12/11/98, p.D4)(WSJ, 3/8/02, p.AW9)
1966 Nov 7, Jean-Claude van
Itallie's "America Hurrah," premiered in NYC.
1966 Nov 8, Pres. Johnson
signed anti-trust immunity to AFL-NFL merger.
1966 Nov 8, Ronald Reagan
defeated Pat Brown by over a million votes to become governor of
California. Reagan had defeated former SF Mayor George Christopher
in the primary.
(AP, 11/8/97)(SFEC, 11/28/99, p.A28)(SFC,
9/15/00, p.A19)(SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F6)
1966 Nov 8, Republican Edward
Brooke of Massachusetts was the first African-American elected to
the Senate by popular vote in 85 years.
(AP, 11/8/97)(HN, 11/6/98)
1966 Nov 11, Methodist Church
and Evangelical United Brethren Church united as United Methodist
1966 Nov 11, Gemini 12 blasted
off from Cape Kennedy, Fla., with astronauts James A. Lovell and
Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin Jr.
(AP, 11/11/97)(HN, 11/11/98)
1966 Nov 15, The flight of
Gemini 12 ended successfully as astronauts James A. Lovell and Edwin
"Buzz" Aldrin Junior splashed down safely in the Atlantic.
1966 Nov 16, Dr. Samuel H.
Sheppard, after 9 years in jail, was acquitted in his second trial
of charges he had murdered his pregnant wife, Marilyn, in 1954.
(AP, 11/1697)(MC, 11/16/01)
1966 Nov 17, The Leonid meteor
shower peaked at 150,000+ per hour.
1966 Nov 18, US Roman Catholic
bishops did away with the rule against eating meat on Fridays
outside of Lent.
1966 Nov 18, Jean Peugeot,
French auto manufacturer, died.
1966 Nov 19, Undefeated Notre
Dame played undefeated Michigan State in a football game billed as
the Game of the Century.
(SFC, 11/19/96, p.E8)
1966 Nov 20, "Cabaret" opened
at Broadhurst Theater, NYC, for 1166 performances.
1966 Nov 20, Men in Zurich
voted against female suffrage.
1966 Nov 24, The Beatles began
recording sessions for "Sgt Pepper."
1966 Nov 28, Several gold
records were certified this day. The Righteous Brothers get one for
their album "Soul and Inspiration." The Monkees earn their third
gold record for "I'm a Believer," which will be Number One for seven
weeks. And a gold record goes to the New Vaudeville band for their
'20s Rudy Vallee-style novelty song, "Winchester Cathedral."
1966 Nov 28, US LP release:
"The Beatles Girls," instrumental LP by George Martin.
1966 Nov 28, Dominican Republic
1966 Nov 30, The former British
colony of Barbados became independent.
(SFC, 7/1/97, p.A9)(AP, 11/30/97)
1966 Dec 1, Carter Stanley, of
the Stanley Brothers bluegrass duo, died of cancer.
(WSJ, 10/8/98, p.A16)
1966 Dec 1, West German
Chancellor Ludwig Erhard (1897-1977) resigned following the breakup
of a coalition of the CDU, CSU and FDP. He was succeeded by Kurt
Georg Kiesinger (CDU), who formed a grand coalition with the SPD.
1966 Dec 5,
Comedian and political activist Dick Gregory headed for Hanoi, North
Vietnam despite federal warnings against it.
1966 Dec 13, The 1st US bombing
of Hanoi, North Vietnam, took place.
1966 Dec 15, Walt Disney
(b.1901), movie producer, actor and director, died in Los Angeles.
In 1998 a CD-ROM was produced titled: Walt Disney: An Intimate
History of the Man and His magic. In 2006 Neal Gabler authored
Walt Disney: The Triumph of the American Imagination.
(AP, 12/15/97)(SFC, 11/4/98, p.E1)(WSJ, 11/3/06,
1966 Dec 18, Dr. Seuss' "How
the Grinch Stole Christmas" aired for 1st time on CBS.
1966 Dec 19, Alberto "La Bomba"
Tomba, Italian skier (Olympic-gold-1988, 92), was born.
1966 Dec 21, USSR launched Luna
13. It soft-landed on the Moons Oceanus Procellarum.
1966 Dec 22, The United States
announced the allocation of 900,000 tons of grain to fight the
famine in India.
1966 Dec 24, Soviet research
station Luna 13 soft-landed on the moon.
(HN, 12/24/98)(MC, 12/24/01)
1966 Dec 26, Dr. Maulana Ron
Karenga, chairman of black studies at Long Beach CSU, celebrated the
first Kwanzaa, a seven day African American celebration of family
and heritage. Dr. Karenga established Kwanzaa (first fruits of the
season in Swahili), the African American celebration of unity and
community values over the Christmas to New Year season. The 7
principles of Kwanzaa include: Umoja - Unity; Kujichagulia -
Self-determination; Ujima - Collective work and responsibility;
Ujamaa - Cooperative economics; Nia - Purpose; Kuumba - Creativity;
and Imani - Faith. The holiday runs for 7 days from Dec 26 to Jan 1.
(SFC, 12/27/96, p.C17)(SFC,12/26/97, p.A30)(HN,
1966 Dec 30, Trygve Halvdan Lie
(72), 1st UN sect-general (1946-53), died.
1966 Roy Lichtenstein created
his work: "Blue Seascape."
(SFC, 1/16/99, p.E8)
1966 George Rickey made his
sculpture Two Red Lines II. It was placed outside the Oakland
(SFEC, 6/29/97, DB p.37)
1966 James Dickey (1923-1997)
won the National Book Award for his poetry collection Buckdancers
1966 Edward Albee wrote his
play A Delicate Balance which won him a Pulitzer Prize.
(WSJ, 4/25/96, p.A-16)(SFC, 9/5/96, p.B2)
1966 James Goldman wrote his
play "The Lion in Winter," set in 1183 England.
(WSJ, 3/17/99, p.A24)
1966 Tom Stoppard wrote his
play "Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are Dead."
(SFEM, 1/2/00, p.6)
1966 Jacqueline Susann (d.1974
at 56) authored the novel "Valley of the Dolls."
(SFC, 1/26/00, p.B1)
1966 Margaret Walker Alexander,
black author, wrote her novel Jubilee. It was the story of the
daughter of a slave and a white plantation owner.
(SFC, 12/1/98, p.B2)
1966 Truman Capote wrote his
non-fiction novel In Cold Blood. It was based on a 1959 family
murder in Kansas. He spent 5 years reconstructing the lives and
crimes of Dick Hickock and Perry Smith.
(WSJ, 11/18/96, p.A10)(WSJ, 12/11/97, p.A21)
1966 Fred J. Cook (1911-2003)
authored "The Secret Rulers," a look at organized crime
(SFC, 5/5/03, p.B4)
1966 Peter Garlake, British
archeologist, wrote: Islamic Architecture on the Coast of East
(NH, 6/97, p.45)
1966 Euell Gibbons wrote
Stalking the Healthful Herbs.
(WSJ, 12/24/96, p.A6)
1966 Langdon Gilkey
(1919-2004), Protestant theologian, authored Shantung Compound: The
Story of Men and Women Under Pressure.
(SFC, 11/22/04, p.B6)
1966 Seamus Heaney (b.1939),
Irish poet (1995 Nobel laureate), authored his collection of verse
Death of a Naturalist.
(Econ, 4/15/06, p.82)
1966 Prof. Alan Heimert (d.1999
at 70) of Harvard published "Religion and the American Mind: From
the Great Awakening to the Revolution." It had a significant impact
on understanding the American culture of the 18th century.
(SFC, 11/5/99, p.D7)
1966 William Hinton (1919-2004)
authored Fanshen: A Documentary of Revolution in a Chinese
(Econ, 5/29/04, p.85)
1966 Lenore Kandel (1932-2009),
NYC-born SF poet, published The Love Book. It was deemed
pornographic and SF police raided the Psychedelic Shop on Haight
Street where it was sold. Kandel, born of Russian and Mongol
parents, was portrayed as Romana Swartz in Jack Kerouacs 1962 novel
(SFC, 10/22/09, p.D6)
1966 Allan Kaprow (1927-2006),
an artist who coined the term happenings in the late 1950s,
published Assemblage, Environments, and Happenings.
(SFC, 4/11/06, p.B5)(WSJ, 4/27/06, p.D7)
1966 Bernard Malamud
(1914-1986) authored Fixer (1966). It was inspired by the true
story of Menahem Mendel Beilis, an unjustly imprisoned Jew in
Tsarist Russia. The notorious "Beilis trial" of 1913 caused an
international uproar that forced Russia to back down in the face of
world indignation. Malamud won a Pulitzer Prize in 1967 for the
1966 Dr. William H. Masters
(1915-2001) and Virginia Johnson (b.1925), leading researchers in
human sexuality, authored the best seller "Human Sexual Response."
Masters and Johnson reported that half of all US marriages are
plagued by some kind of sexual inadequacy. They founded a research
institute in St. Louis, which closed in 1994 following their 1993
divorce. In 2009 Thomas Maier authored Masters of Sex: The Life and
Times of William Masters and Virginia Johnson, the Couple Who Taught
America How to Love.
(SSFC, 2/18/01, p.A24)(NW, 6/30/03, p.44)(Econ,
1966 Barrington Moore (d.2005),
American sociologist, authored The Social Origins of Dictatorship
(Econ, 11/26/05, p.97)
1966 Douglas Eugene Pike, US
State Dept. officer, authored Viet Cong. In 1986 he authored
PAVN: Peoples Army of Vietnam.
(SFC, 5/18/02, p.A22)
1966 Ned Rorem, composer,
authored The Paris Diary of Ned Rorem.
(Econ, 10/4/03, p.82)
1966 C.O. Sauer wrote his
classic The Early Spanish Main.
(NH, 10/96, p.28)
1966 William T. Stearn
published the first edition of his Botanical Latin. It contained
the history, grammar, syntax, terminology and vocabulary of
botanical Latin and went to a 4th edition in 1995.
(WSJ, 12/21/95, p.A-10)
1966 Gilbert Y. Steiner (d.2006
at 81) authored Social Insecurity: The Politics of Welfare. Over
the next 2 decades he published studies from the Brookings research
group that helped shape the US social system.
(SFC, 3/13/06, p.B3)
1966 Virgil Thomson, composer
and music critic, wrote his autobiography. In 1997 Anthony Tommasini
wrote his biography: Virgil Thomson: Composer on the Aisle.
(WSJ, 6/16/97, p.10)
1966 Robert Heinlein
(1907-1988) published his novel The Moon is a Harsh Mistress. His
setting was a penal colony on the moon in 2075.
(V.D.-H.K.p.383)(WSJ, 4/18/09, p.W8)
1966 Alan Harrington (d.1997 at
79) published his novel of male menopause The Secret Swinger.
(SFC, 5/29/97, p.C4)
1966 Jean Shepherd (d.1999),
radio raconteur, authored "In God We Trust, All Others Pay Cash."
(SFC, 10/19/99, p.A23)
1966 Edward Stewart (1938-1996)
wrote his first novel: Orpheus On Top. He went on to publish 11
(SFC, 10/21/96, p.A17)
1966 Robert Venturi, architect,
authored Complexity and Contradiction in Architecture.
(WSJ, 12/28/06, p.D6)
1966 Cabaret was a musical
hit on Broadway. It was based on Christopher Isherwoods Goodbye to
Berlin in Berlin Stories and John Van Drutens I Am a Camera.
(SFC, 10/22/96, p.E1)(SFC, 1/16/97, p.E3)
1966 Cy Coleman composed the
musical Sweet Charity, a tale of the gals on Times Square.
(WSJ, 4/30/97, p.A12)
1966 The play My Sweet
Charlie (1965) was produced on Broadway. It was based on the same
name 1965 novel by David Westheimer (1917-2005).
(SFC, 11/12/05, p.B5)
1966 The sitcom "Family Affair"
began on TV. It ran to 1971.
(SFC, 3/5/99, p.C9)
1966 The TV sitcom Petticoat
Junction featured Bea Benaderet as the widowed owner of the Shady
Rest Hotel and mother of 3 fetching daughters in Hooterville.
Meredith MacRae (d.2000 at 56) was one of the daughters. The CBS
series ran until 1970.
(SFC, 7/15/00, p.A23)
1966 The Road Runner Show
arrived on TV.
(NW, 11/11/02, p.55)
1966 The World of Jacques-Yves
Cousteau made its debut on American TV as a National Geographic
(SFC, 6/26/97, p.A7)
1966 The Beach Boys sang Good
Vibrations, and sales exceeded a million records.
(SFEC, 2/8/98, p.D8)
1966 The Capitols sang Cool
(SFC, 11/12/02, p.D8)
1966 The song "Winchester
Cathedral" by the New Vaudeville Band won the Grammy best
contemporary recording category.
1966 Chas Chandler, bass player
for the Animals, spotted Jimi Hendrix playing at the Cafe Wha in New
York and invited him to London. He later produced the first 2
(SFC, 7/18/96, p.A22)
1966 Arlo Guthrie wrote the
song Alices Restaurant, and it became the anti-
draft fight song.
(TMC, 1994, p.1966)
1966 The Four Tops sang Reach
Out Ill Be There and Standing in the Shadows of Love.
(SFC, 11/12/02, p.D8)
1966 Don Ho (1930-2007), a
Vietnamese-American singer, released his most famous song, "Tiny
Bubbles", which charted on both the pop (#8 Billboard) and easy
listening charts and caused the subsequent Tiny Bubbles LP to remain
in the album Top 20 for almost a year.
1966 The Jimi Hendrix
Experience formed and played together for 3 years. Noel Redding
(d.2003 at 57) was the bass player. The band produced 3 albums of
psychedelic rock: "Are You Experienced," "Axis: Bold as Love," and
(SFC, 5/14/03, p.A17)
1966 Phil Spector produced
River Deep Mountain High with Ike and Tina Turner. The pair
split in 1976.
(SFC, 12/13/07, p.B5)
1966 Junior Walker and the All
Stars sang How Sweet It Is.
(SFC, 11/12/02, p.D8)
1966 Arthur Lee (1945-2006)
fronted the band Love and established himself as the 1st black rock
star in the post Beatles era. The groups debut album, Love, was
the 1st rock record released by Electra Records.
(SSFC, 8/6/06, p.B6)
1966 The Mamas and Papas
released their debut single California Dreamin. The group broke up
(SFC, 3/19/01, p.A19)
1966 Sergio Mendes and Brasil
66 made a hit with Mas Que Nada.
(SFC, 11/30/02, p.D1)
1966 Jimmy Ruffin sang What
Become of the Broken-hearted.
(SFC, 11/12/02, p.D8)
1966 The Sandpipers made a hit
(SFC, 11/30/02, p.D1)
1966 Simon and Garfunkel sang
(SFEC, 12/22/96, Z1 p.2)
1966 Frank Sinatra made a hit
with Strangers in the Night. The song won a Grammy as record of
(SFC, 5/16/98, p.E7)
1966 Nancy Sinatra sang "These
Boots Are Made for Walking," written by Lee Hazlewood (1929-2007).
(SFEC, 12/22/96, Z1 p.2)(SFC, 8/7/07, p.D9)
1966 Percy Sledge made a hit
with his song When a Man Loves a Woman.
(SFC, 8/14/96, p.E2)
1966 Dusty Springfield recorded
"You Don't Have to Say You Love Me."
(SFC, 3/4/99, p.C6)
1966 The Standells song Dirty
Water, an ode to Boston and its polluted waterways, reached No. 11
on the Billboards Top 40 chart. In 2006 the group filed a suit
against Anheuser-Busch for illegal use of the song in commercials.
(SFC, 6/12/06, p.D11)
1966 The Supremes sang You
Cant Hurry Love and You Keep Me Hanging On.
(SFC, 11/12/02, p.D8)
1966 The Young Rascals had a
No. 1 hit with Good Lovin.
(SFC, 6/27/06, p.B5)
1966 The Blue Note jazz label
of Alfred Lion was sold to Liberty Records. It was later transferred
(WSJ, 10/3/97, p.A8)
1966 Jeff Hanna and Jimmie
Fadden founded their Nitty Gritty Dirt Band.
(SFEM,10/19/97, DB p.61)
1966 Paul Williams (1948-2013)
founded Crawdaddy, a pioneering journal of rock criticism.
Williams went on to author over 25 books including a 3-volume work
on bob Dylan.
(SFC, 4/2/13, p.A5)
1966 The 2.7 mile Sandia Peak
Tramway opened in Albuquerque, NM.
(SSFC, 9/26/04, p.D9)
1966 Busch Stadium, the
ballpark to house the St. Louis Cardinals, was completed in St.
Louis, Mo. It was demolished and replaced in 2005.
1966 Anton LaVey founded the
Church of Satan in SF.
(SFC, 5/8/97, p.A22)
1966 Pope Paul VI allowed
celibacy dispensations for men wanting to leave the Catholic
priesthood. Over the next 2 decades thousands of Catholic priests
left active ministry to marry.
(SFC, 3/16/02, p.A3)
1966 Frank Sinatra married Mia
Farrow, who was 30 years younger than himself. Comedian Jackie Mason
commented: Frank soaks his dentures and Mia brushes her braces...
Then she takes off her roller skates and puts them next to his
(SFC, 5/16/98, p.E7)
1966 Raymond Spangler (d.1997
at 93) became the national president of Sigma Delta Chi, now known
as the Society of Professional Journalists. He led the fight to get
women admitted as members.
(SFC, 9/23/97, p.A19)
1966 Harry V. Mohney began his
adult entertainment business with a single theater in Battle Creek,
Mich. He built an empire on peeps, 90 seconds of video-taped sex
acts for a quarter.
(SFC, 8/13/97, p.A10)
1966 Journalism professor Lyle
M. Nelson (d.1997 at 79) of Stanford created the John S. Knight
fellowship program for journalists with help from the Ford
Foundation. The program championed ethics in journalism.
(SFEC, 9/7/97, p.C4)
1966 Haynes Johnson
(1931-2013), Washington Post journalist, won a Pulitzer Prize for
his reporting on the civil rights struggle in Selma, Ala.
(SSFC, 5/26/13, p.C14)
1966 David Lett planted the
first Pinot Noir grapes at his Eyrie Vineyards in the Willamette
Valley of Oregon.
(SFC, 8/28/96, zz-1 p.4)
1966 Norman Brinker, restaurant
pioneer, founded Steak and Ale in Dallas. The chain later became
part of the Metromedia Restaurant Group. In 2008 Metromedia filed
(WSJ, 7/30/08, p.B1)
1966 Stokely Carmichael (25)
was chosen as chairman for the Student Nonviolent Coordinating
Committee (SNCC). He replaced John Lewis (later US representative
from Georgia) and soon raised the call for black power.
(SFC, 11/16/98, p.A7)
1966 Artist Frank Cieciorka
(1939-2008) created his image of a black panther, which became a
symbol for the Black Panther Party, formed in Oakland, California.
The image first appeared in the SNCCs newspaper, the Movement.
(SFC, 5/19/96, p.C-9)(SFC, 11/29/08, p.B5)
1966 The Balzekas Museum of
Lithuanian Culture was founded on the southwest side of Chicago. The
museum publishes 2 periodicals: The Lithuanian Museum Review
(bimonthly) and Geneologija (semi-annual). 6500 S. Pulaski, Chicago,
(DrEE, 9/21/96, p.6)
1966 Ensemble International, a
folk dance group, was founded by Jules DiCicco with Marion and Ned
Gault as directors and teachers in Sunnyvale, Ca.
(Group flyer, 1996)
1966 The New York Harold
Tribune ceased publication.
(SFC, 10/10/96, p.C6)
1966 Deborah Park of Overland
Park, Kansas, won the Miss America beauty pageant.
(SFEC, 9/15/96, p.A6)
1966 The National Football
League (NFL) merged with the American Football League (AFL) and
paved the way for the Super Bowl. Wayne Valley helped found the AFL.
(SFC, 12/7/96, p.A11)(SFC, 5/29/98, p.D7)
1966 Brian Lee Schubert
(1940-2006) and a friend became the first people to parachute from
El Capitan in Yosemite National Park. Schubert was killed in 2006
when his chute opened late at a jump festival in Fayetteville, West
(SSFC, 10/22/06, p.A5)
1966 Paul Cohen (1934-2007),
Stanford professor, won the Fields Medal, the top prize in
(SFC, 3/30/07, p.B6)
1966 Edward Albee won his first
Pulitzer Prize for his play A Delicate Balance.
(SFEC, 7/27/97, DB p.33)
1966 Journalist Peter Arnett
won a Pulitzer Prize for Vietnam coverage for the Associated Press.
(SFEC, 10/18/98, BR p.8)
1966 Edward F. Knipling (d.2000
at 91) won the National Medal of Science. He helped develop the
radiation method of sterilizing harmful insects to reduce their
breeding. The method eliminated the screwworm fly, a livestock
threat, in North America.
(SFC, 3/20/00, p.A21)
1966 The Nobel prize in
medicine was awarded to Dr. Charles B. Huggins (1902-1997) for
research on the relationship between hormones and cancers of the
prostrate and breast.
(SFC, 1/16/97, p.C4)
1966 Robert Mulliken (b.1896),
US chemist, physicist won the Nobel Prize.
1966 S.Y. Agnon (1888-1970),
Jewish writer, shared the Nobel Prize in Literature with Nelly
Sachs, a German-born Swede.
1966 The UN set up an
Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) to promote industrial
development in the Third World.
1966 The UN endorsed the
International Covenants on Civil and Political Rights and Economic,
Social and Cultural Rights. It took effect in 1976. The US ratified
the treaty but exempted itself from a provision that banned the
execution of those under 18.
(MT, Dec. '95, p.16)(SFC, 10/6/98, p.A10)(SFEC,
10/8/00, Z1 p.4)
1966 Pres. Johnson gave
Waterloo, NY, the distinction of holding the 1st Memorial Day on May
5, 1866. On Apr 13, 1862, volunteers led by Sarah J. Evans paid
homage to the graves of Civil War soldiers in the Washington area.
(SFC, 5/26/03, p.A2)
1966 Pres. Johnson named Lim
Poon Lee as postmaster of San Francisco. To date this was the
highest federally appointed position ever held by a Chinese
(SFC, 11/5/09, p.C3)
1966 US draft calls for Vietnam
were raised 10x and students on campuses across the country
(TMC, 1994, p.1966)
1966 The US sent in the Green
Berets to help train the Guatemalan armed forces in
(SFC, 1/3/97, p.A26)
1966 The US tested biological
weapons in Texas. This was not disclosed until Mar 18, 1981.
1966 The US Cuban Readjustment
Act granted any Cuban who reached American soil the right to stay.
(SFC, 12/2/99, p.A15)
1966 The American government
extended the 1933 Regulation Q. Ceiling rates effectively
constrained the rates paid by commercial banks and thrifts on at
least some categories of their deposit liabilities. It encouraged
investors to hold a lot of their dollars offshore.
1966 The US Congress passed the
Uniform Time Act and created 8 time zones for the US and its
territories. This made daylight saving time (DST) permanent, but
allowed states to opt out. In 2005 Michael Downing authored Spring
Forward, a history of DST.
(WSJ, 3/31/05, p.D8)(SFC, 4/5/06, p.G8)
1966 NASA was spending 4.4% of
the American governments budget providing jobs for some 400,000
(Economist, 9/1/12, p.90)
1966 The US National Historic
Preservation Act was passed to preserve historic landmarks.
(SFEC, 4/6/97, p.T5)(Arch, 11/04, p.4)
1966 The National Park Service
designated Oglethorpes center of Savannah a Registered National
Landmark of 1,100 buildings.
1966 M-80 firecrackers were
made illegal in the US.
(SFC, 1/26/99, p.A3)
1966 The US government
established safety standards for the auto industry that included
seat belts, warning flashers and head restraints.
(WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)
1966 NORAD, the North American
Aerospace Defense Command, opened its Cheyenne Mountain complex in
(SFC, 11/16/98, p.A3)
1966 The US nuclear arsenal
peaked at 30,000 weapons.
(SSFC, 8/22/04, p.E6)
1966 Walter Hickel (1919-2010)
upset 2-term Democratic Gov. William Egan to become governor of
Alaska. In 1969 Hickel was named secretary of the interior under
(AH, 10/04, p.42)(SSFC, 5/9/10, p.C8)
1966 Jerry Varnado and Jimmy
Garrett organized the first Black Student Union at San Francisco
(SFC, 2/1/10, p.A10)
1966 In San Francisco the 43
story tower at 44 Montgomery St., designed by architect John Graham,
(SSFC, 8/12/12, p.C2)
1966 In Los Angeles the
19-story Century Plaza Hotel, designed by Minoru Yamasaki, was
completed. In 2009 the National Trust for Historic Preservation
placed it on its list of most endangered historic places.
(SFC, 4/29/09, p.B4)
1966 California Congressman
from Sacramento John E. Moss (1915-1997) fathered the Federal
Freedom of Information Act. He served in Congress from 1952-1979.
1966 In Berkeley, Ca., police
raided the first lab of Owsley Stanley and confiscated a substance
they said was methedrine. It turned out to be something else and
Owsley sued for the return of his lab equipment. It was later
estimated that his Bear Research Group made 1.25 million doses of
LSD between 1965-1967, essentially seeding the psychedelic movement.
During this period he also served as the sound engineer for the
Grateful Dead. In the 1980s he moved to northern Australia.
(SFC, 7/12/07, p.A13)
1966 Lake Davis was created in
Plumas County, Ca., following the completion of a reservoir dam.
(SFC, 9/26/07, p.A13)
1966 The Wah Ching, an
organized crime group, began as a Chinese street gang in San
Francisco. It went on to develop into a criminal organization, with
alleged multi-international crime connections. In the late 80s the
Wah Ching, with ties to Hong Kong triads, invested illegal income
into legitimate businesses such as video importing and film-leasing.
Members of the gang gained control over videocassette libraries and
extorted merchants to lease their tapes.
1966 In San Francisco
Iranian-born topless star Yvonne DAngers (21) chained herself to
the Golden Gate Bridge to protest her threatened deportation. In
2009 Yvonne Boreta (64), accomplished painter and model died in Las
Vegas. In 1965 DAngers, her stage name, was a star witness in a
trial over the legality of topless waitresses.
(SSFC, 6/14/09, p.B3)
1966 Robert Mondavi and his son
Michael started the Robert Mondavi Winery in Oakville, the first new
winery in California since Prohibition. Mondavi had left the Charles
Krug Winery in 1965 following a dispute with relatives.
(USAT, 6/17/98, p.2D)(SSFC, 4/29/01, p.E7)
1966 Lester Maddox (d.2003) ran
for governor of Georgia against incumbent Howard H. Callaway. The
legislature voted 182-66 to give Maddux the governor's job after
neither received a majority.
(BS, 6/26/03, 5A)
1966 In Hawaii Aloha Friday, a
tradition of wearing Hawaiian fashion, became official.
(WSJ, 1/24/09, p.A12)
1966 In New Jersey Rubin
"Hurricane" Carter was wrongly convicted for killing 3 whites in a
Paterson bar. In 1974 "Hurricane: The Miraculous Journey of Rubin
Carter" by James S. Hirsch was published. In 1991 "Lazarus and the
Hurricane: The Freeing of Rubin "Hurricane" Carter" by Sam Chaiton
and Terry Swinton was published. A 1999 film was made based on
(WSJ, 12/31/99, p.W1)(SFEC, 2/27/00, BR p.7)
1966 In St. Paul, Minn. Richard
M. Schulze and business partner James Wheeler opened Sound of Music,
an audio specialty store. The business was renamed Best Buy in 1983.
Schulze served as CEO until 2002. He resigned as chairman in 2012
after it was disclosed that he was aware of the CEOs affair with an
employee and did not disclose it to the board.
p.D3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Best_Buy)(SFC, 5/15/12, p.D3)
1966 South Carolina passed a
law banning tattoo parlors.
(WSJ, 7/22/02, p.A1)
1966 Blacks burned their
ghettoes in Cleveland and Chicago.
(TMC, 1994, p.1966)
1966 Stokely Carmichael raised
his fist in a new sign of Black Power.
(TMC, 1994, p.1966)
1966 Edward Brooke became the
first black US Senator.
(TMC, 1994, p.1966)
1966 Cesar Chavez led a United
Farm Workers (UFW) march from Delano, Ca. The UFW merged with the
Agricultural Workers Organizing Committee in this year.
(SFEM, 4/13/97, p.10)(SFC, 11/11/99, p.D2)
1966 Ronald Reuther (d.2007)
took over as director of the SF Zoo. He left in 1973 to direct the
Philadelphia Zoo. His uncle Carey Baldwin had directed the SF Zoo
for 23 years. He and his children helped nurse a sickly baby
gorilla, named Koko (b.1971), back to health. Months later he gave
Stanford graduate student Penny Patterson permission to work with
1966 During a fishing retreat
Robert O. Anderson, head of Atlantic Refining Co., sealed a merger
deal with the head of Richfield Oil Corp., creating the
Atlantic-Richfield Co. (ARCO).
(WSJ, 12/8/07, p.A7)
1966 Alfred Peet (1920-2007)
opened Peet's Coffee and Tea on Vine St. in Berkeley. He expanded to
5 shops and sold the operation in 1979. Baldwin and Bowker of
Starbucks then acquired Peet's in 1983.
(SFEM, 8/1/99, p.8)(SFC, 9/1/07, p.C2)
1966 Nabisco introduced a
cheese spread in an aerosol can under the name Snack Mate. It later
became part of Kraft and sold as Cheeze Whiz in a can.
1966 The bar code, a method of
automatic identification and data collection, was first used
commercially. It was soon realized that there would have to be some
sort of industry standard set. By 1970 the Universal Grocery
Products Identification Code or UGPIC was written by a company
called Logicon Inc.
1966 Joseph Weizenbaum of MIT
published a comparatively simple program called ELIZA, named after
the ingénue in George Bernard Shaw's Pygmalion, which performed
natural language processing. It was driven by a script named DOCTOR
and was capable of engaging humans in a conversation which bore a
striking resemblance to one with an empathic psychologist.
1966 Hewlett-Packard introduced
its first computer, the HP 2116A. The 9,000 person company had sales
of around $200 million.
(SFC, 3/3/99, p.A11)
1966 Hewlett-Packard developed
the first commercially available light-emitting diode (LED).
(SFC, 8/31/09, p.D1)
1966 Texas Instruments
introduced its 1st hand-held calculator based on the integrated
circuit developed by Jack Kilby in 1958.
(Econ, 7/25/05, p.75)
1966 John Linville (1919-2011),
a Stanford engineering professor, patented his first version of the
Optacon, a device to help blind people read. In 1970 he co-founded
Telesensory Systems Inc., to manufacture and distribute the device
(SFC, 3/12/11, p.C4)
1966 American Tobacco began to
diversify into consumer goods and changed its name to American
(WSJ, 5/28/96, p. R-45)
1966 Lonnie Pilgrim took over
Texas-based Pilgrims Pride. In 1986 he took the chicken company
(WSJ, 10/17/08, p.A1)
1966 Studebaker went out of
business after its 1966 Avanti model. The South Bend, Indiana,
company began manufacturing automobiles in 1902. John Mohler
Studebaker was born in 1833 in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, and in 1858
joined his two older brothers in a South Bend firm producing wagons.
The company went on to become the worlds largest producer of farm
wagons and carriages, coining the slogan: "Always give more than you
promise. From the 1920s until its closing, Studebaker was a leader
in styling and engineering.
(WSJ, 6/13/96, p.A12)(HNQ, 1/21/02)
1966 The first Botts dots,
highway lane markers, were installed in California in 1966. They
were invented by Elbert Botts (1893-1962), Caltrans chemist.
(SFC, 1/18/97, p.A15)
1966 The American Medical
Assoc. (AMA) first published the CPT codes (Common Procedural
Terminology) used to match payment information with medical
(WSJ, 8/25/00, p.A1)
1966 The first pancreas
transplant was performed in America.
1966 Psychologist Bernard Zuger
(d.1998 at 92) began publishing articles that linked effeminacy in
boys to adult homosexuality.
(SFC, 5/12/98, p.A21)
1966 Microbiologist Christopher
Hills (1927-1997) co-discovered the natural food base, spirulina, a
protein rich plankton.
(SFC, 2/10/97, p.A20)
1966 Researchers showed how
proteins are made from DNA instructions.
(WSJ, 4/5/01, p.B1)
1966 Andreas Rett, an Austrian
doctor, first describe the complex neurological disorder that came
to be called Retts syndrome. The cause was later found to be a
mutation in a gene called MeCP2.
(Econ, 10/21/06, p.90)
1966 Charles Rosen (d.2002)
helped create and directed the Artificial Intelligence Center at
Stanford Research Institute (SRI).
(SFC, 12/20/02, p.A33)
1966 Occidental Petroleum under
Armand Hammer won valuable drilling rights in Libya by bribing a key
member of the Libyan royal family.
(SFC, 1/17/97, p.D7)
1966 Alberto Giacometti
(b.1901), Swiss-born sculptor and painter, died. He was a leader of
the Surrealist movement and was best known for his stark, skeletal
figures evoking alienation and solitude. The Giacometti Association
was created in 1989 by his widow, Annette (d.1993), to administer
his estate and create a complete guide to his work.
(WUD, 1994, p.596)
1966 Hans Hofmann (b.1880),
abstract artist, died. He was born and raised in Munich, Germany,
and lived in Paris from 1904-1914. He moved to the US in 1931. His
work included "Furioso," (1963).
(SFC, 7/31/01, p.B5)(WSJ, 1/15/04, p.D8)
1966 James Kapnek, investor,
businessman and rancher, died in Rhodesia (later Zimbabwe). He made
a fortune building the countrys first brewery and invested in
diamond and copper mining and cattle ranching.
(SFC, 7/7/98, p.A20)
1966 Buster Keaton (b.1895),
silent film star, died. In 2001 Eleanor Keaton and Jeffrey Vance
authored Buster Keaton Remembered, with 225 photos. In 2005 Edward
McPherson authored Buster Keaton: Tempest in a Flat Hat.
(AH, 10/01, p.67)(WSJ, 6/10/05, p.W7)
1966 Mina Loy (1882-1966),
artist and poet, died. Her poetry included Love Songs (1915-1917),
and her autobiographical work: Anglo-Mongrels and the Rose
(1923-1925). In 1996 Carolyn Burke wrote her biography Becoming
Modern: The Life of Mina Loy.
(SFEC, 12/22/96, BR p.6)
1966 Betty Lou Nichols, a
Fullerton (Orange Ct.) artist, made lady head vases. Her creations
tended to depict women in the Gay 90s style and were painted in
periwinkle, plum, mint and other soft colors.
(SFC, 6/25/97, Z1 p.6)
1966 In Kenilworth, Illinois,
Valerie Percy (21), one of the twin daughters of Senator Charles
Percy, was murdered during a suspected robbery. No one was ever
(SFEC, 5/2/99, Par p.4)
1966 Ben Chester White (66) was
killed with 12 shots from an assault rifle and one shogun blow to
the head at Homochito National Forest near Natchez, Miss. In 1999
one of the 3 alleged killers said the killing was orchestrated to
bring Martin Luther King to the area for assassination. Ernest Henry
Avants was acquitted of the killing in 1967. The jury had not been
informed that he had confessed. He was arrested again in 2000 by
(SFC, 11/29/99, p.A3)(SFC, 6/8/00, p.A6)
1966 Maxfield Parrish (b.1870),
American artist, died. He achieved fame for his murals,
advertisements, and book and magazine illustrations.
(WSJ, 3/27/00, p.A46)
1966 Jazz pianist Bud Powell
died (41). He was considered the father of bebop piano.
(SFEC, 3/16/97, DB p.42)
1966 Margaret Sanger, the first
president of the International Planned Parenthood Federation, died.
(WSJ, 5/5/97, p.A18)(HNPD, 9/14/98)
1966 Lao She (b.1899), Chinese
author, committed suicide. His work included the play Teahouse and
the novel Rickshaw Boy.
(WSJ, 5/10/01, p.A16)
1966 Sophie Tucker, cabaret
singer, died. She had appeared in the Ziegfield Follies and had
Thomas Edison engineer her first record. Her first film, the 1928
Honky Tonk, featured the song The Last of the Red Hot Mommas.
(SFC, 3/13/97, p.E3)
1966 Ed Wynn (b.1886),
(SFC, 6/1/01, p.C11)
1966 Sheik Zayed bin Sultan Al
Nahyan (d.2004) became the ruler of Abu Dhabi. In 1971 he founded
the United Arab Emirates.
1966 The Copan building in Sao
Paulo, Brazil, designed Oscar Niemeyer (b.1907), was completed.
Begun in 1953 the massive residential structure shaped like a wave
became a South American landmark.
1966 Harold Wilson, PM of
Britain, established a convention whereby MPs were exempt from some
types of electronic bugging.
(Econ, 2/9/08, p.62)
1966 Myra Hindley
(d.2002) and her boyfriend, Ian Brady (the Moors Murderers), were
sentenced to life in prison for the murders of 10-year-old Lesley
Ann Downey and 17-year-old Edward Evans. Brady was also found guilty
of killing John Kilbride, 12, and Hindley for sheltering her lover
after that murder. The pair confessed in 1987 to murdering Pauline
Reade, 16, and Keith Bennett, 12. The serial killings from July 1963
to October 1965 horrified Britain. In 1997 a 13-foot high painting
titled Myra by Marcus Harvey was displayed at the Royal Academy of
Arts. It was created from childrens handprints and based on a mug
shot of Myra.
(SFC, 9/18/97, p.E5)(AP, 11/16/02)
1966 In England Arthur Jackson
wounded 2 tellers and killed a man who tried to stop a bank robbery
in the Chelsea section of London.
(SFC, 6/22/96, p.E3)
1966 The Hillman Hunter was an
automobile produced under the Hillman marque by the Rootes Group, a
British automobile manufacturer (later Chrysler Europe), from 1966
1966 In the Central African
Republic Jean-Bedel Bokassa overthrew his cousin, David Dacko, in a
bloodless coup that was said to be backed by the French. He
abolished the 1959 constitution, dissolved the National Assembly and
concentrated power in the presidency.
(SFC, 5/22/96, p.A9)(SFC, 3/20/97, p.A24)
1966 Chen Mengjia (b.1911),
Chinese poet, oracle-bone scholar and spiritual opponent of the
Communists simplification of the writing system, committed suicide.
1966 The Brazzaville Treaty
became effective after it was ratified by the five member countries:
Cameroon, the Central African Republic, Chad, the Republic of Congo,
1966 Miguel Angel Rodriguez
(b.1940) received his doctorate from UC Berkeley in California.
Rodriguez later served as president of Costa Rica from 1998-2002.
(SFC, 3/16/02, p.A19)
1966 Danish motorcycle gangs
have been around since this time, when local clubs like the
Avengers, Heathens, Hogriders, Pirates, and Pagans began forming.
(WSJ, 5/24/96, p.A-4)
1966 Joaquin Balaguer defeated
Bosch in elections in the Dominican Republic and served as president
for 22 of the next 30 years.
(SFC, 5/17/96, p.A-14)
1966 Oil discovered in Dubai
(UAR) provided cash for modernization projects such as the worlds
largest man-made harbor at Jebel Ali.
(Econ, 5/29/04, p.61)
1966 Ludwig Boelkow (d.2003)
founded the German "Airbus Studio" that he took with him to the
Paris Airshow at Le Bourget, for the first time suggesting a
Franco-German, or even a European consortium could build an airliner
to rival U.S.-made jets.
1966 In Germany the Graf
Bismarck coal mine in Gelsenkirchen closed down.
(Econ, 3/31/12, p.63)
1966 In Greece Sotiria Bellou
(d.1997), a folksinger who sang in the rembetiko style, released a
series of records featuring old songs in this style.
(SFC, 8/28/97, p.C6)
1966 Melina Mercouri, Greek
film actress, married American film director Jules Dassin. They
settled in Greece.
(SFC, 4/1/08, p.B7)
1966 Guyana became independent.
(SFC, 4/1/97, p.A17)
1966 In 2007 researchers said
HIV was brought to Haiti by an infected person from central Africa,
and then came to the United States in about 1969. The researchers
think an unknown single infected Haitian immigrant arrived in a
large city like Miami or New York, and the virus circulated for
years, first in the US population and then to other nations.
1966 Bal Thackeray (1926-2012)
and 17 others founded Shiv Sena (the army of Shiva) to fight for the
downtrodden Hindu indegenes of Maharashtra state.
(Econ, 11/24/12, p.98)
1966 Azim Premji took over the
operations of the Western India Vegetable Product Ltd., later known
as Wipro, following the death of his father. Political changes in
1977 banned many imports and allowed him to expand to manufacturing
computers and other electronics.
(WSJ, 9/11/07, p.A16)
1966 In Indonesia right-wing
death squads killed as many as 500,000 people in a spasm of
anti-Communist violence. Pres. Sukarno was later ousted and replaced
by General Suharto and his Golkar Party.
(SFC, 8/9/96, p.A19)(SFC, 6/21/96, p.A14)(SFC,
6/22/96, p.A12)(HNQ, 5/21/98)
1966 In Indonesia the annual
per capita income was $70.
(SFEC, 5/17/98, p.A20)
1966 In Iraq ruler Abdul
Salam Arif died mysteriously in a helicopter accident. His brother
Abdul Salam Arif took over power.
(NW, 9/8/03, p.32)
1966 Lesotho in southern Africa
gained independence from Britain.
(SFC, 7/1/97, p.A9)
1966 Malaysia and Indonesia
reached a peace agreement and shortly thereafter Indonesia resumed
its membership in the UN.
1966 In Malawi Kamuzu Banda
declared Malawi a one-party state.
1966 Dutch courts prosecuted a
blasphemy case putting a novelist on trial for a story about wanting
to have sex with God, who had taken the form of a donkey. Gerard
Reve was acquitted. The 1932 blasphemy law barred scorn against any
1966 In northern Nigeria about
10,000 people died in riots following a failed coup led primarily by
Igbo army officers. Many fled back to eastern Nigeria ahead of
secessionist leader Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu declaring the region
and much of Nigeria's oil-producing southern delta its own nation.
1966 The Asian Development
Bank, headquartered in the Philippines, was created to recycle the
rich worlds surpluses to capital starved Asia.
1966 The UN applied
international sanctions intended to cut off Rhodesia from the rest
of the world due to Rhodesias (later Zimbabwe) opposition to
(SFC, 11/23/07, p.B14)
1966 In South Africa PM B.J.
Vorster (1915-1983) appointed P.W. Botha (1916-2006) as defense
minister. In 2010 it was revealed that Botha, as South Africas
defense minister, asked for nuclear warheads from Israel and that
Israels defense minister Shimon Peres offered them in 3 sizes.
1966 In South Africa District
Six, a multicultural community in Cape Town, was declared an
all-white area. Black were allowed to return in 2004.
(SFEC, 10/15/00, p.T8)(AP, 2/12/04)
1966 Attorney Albie Sachs
(b.1935) was ordered by the South African government into exile. He
went to England and spent 11 years studying for a Ph.D., and then
moved to Mozambique.
(SFEC, 2/9/97, z1
1966 South Korean Gen. Choi
Hong Hi (1918-2002) founded the Intl. Taekwon-do Federation. Tae
kwan do, a form of self defense that engages the mind and body,
combined a Korean martial art, taek kyon, with the Japanese
discipline of karate.
(SFC, 7/2/02, p.A17)
1966 In South Korea the Korean
Productivity Center purchased the countrys first computer.
(LSA, Spring, 2009, p.17)
1966 Master Cheng Yen, a
Buddhist nun in Taiwan, founded the Tzu Chi Foundation. Its trained
volunteers were taught that charitable givers must thank those they
help in person. It began overseas relief work in 1991. By 2008 it
had some 10 million supporters with annual donations of $300
(Econ, 5/31/08, p.47)
1966 Ugandas traditional
kingdoms were banned. They were reinstated in 1993, but President
Yoweri Museveni restricted their leaders to a largely ceremonial
role to avoid potential political rivals.
1966 A major earthquake hit
Tashkent, capital of Uzbekistan in the USSR.
(WSJ, 6/21/96, p.A1)
1966 In Vietnam Thich Nhat Hanh
founded the Order of Interbeing and embarked on a first trip to the
(SFC, 10/12/97, Z1 p.3)
1966-1967 The US military tested Agent Orange,
Agent Purple and several other powerful defoliants on a small
section of the base in Gagetown, New Brunswick, Canada, over seven
days in 1966 and 1967.
1966-1969 Kurt Georg Kiesinger (d.1988), head of
the Christian Democratic Union, served as West German chancellor.
1966-1971 The book: The Art of the Fillmore: The
Poster Series 1966-1971 by Gayle Lemke is a collection of the
posters commissioned by Bill Graham Presents for shows at the
Fillmore East and West.
(SFEC, 2/8/98, BR p.7)
1966-1971 The CBS sitcom Family Affair with
Brian Keith played on TV.
(SFC, 6/25/97, p.A16)
1966-1971 That Girl with Marlo Thomas and Ted
Bissel (1935-1996) ran on TV.
(SFEC, 10/9/96, C2)
1966-1972 There were no films produced during this
time on the Chinese mainland.
(Econ, 4/29/06, p.69)
1966-1974 Abba Eban served as Israels foreign
1966-1975 Bill Evans played jazz at the Village
Vanguard in New York and his work was secretly recorded by Mike
(SFEC, 11/10/96, DB p.35)
1966-1976 The period of Maos "Cultural
Revolution." Scholars later believed that over 1 million people were
killed or driven to suicide in China during this period. In 1986
Tang Tsou, Univ of Chicago Prof., authored "The Cultural Revolution
and Post-Mao Reforms: A Historical Perspective."
(SFEC, 10/7/96, A12)(SFC, 8/17/99, p.C2)(Econ,
1966-1979 This period marks generation x, those
born as the children of the post WW II baby boomers.
(Econ, 6/1/13, p.58)
1966-1999 In 1999 Ray Suarez, NPR talk show host,
published "The Old Neighborhood" What We Lost in the Great Suburban
(SFEC, 7/11/99, BR p.3)