Timeline 1969

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1969        Jan 1, President Nixon nominated Henry Cabot Lodge, former American ambassador to South Vietnam, as negotiator at the Paris Peace Talks.
    (www.historyplace.com/unitedstates/vietnam/index-1969.html)

1969        Jan 2, The play "To be Young, Gifted & Black," by Lorraine Hansberry (1930-1965) premiered in NYC.
    (www.aetna.com/foundation/aahcalendar/1992gifted.html)

1969        Jan 3, Police in Newark, NJ, confiscated 30,000 copies of the John Lennon, Yoko Ono album, Two Virgins. A nude photo of John and Yoko on the cover violated pornography laws in Jersey.
    (www.goatview.com/january03.htm)

1969        Jan 4, Spain returned the Ifni province to Morocco.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ifni)

1969        Jan 5, Henry Cabot Lodge replaced Harriman as chief US negotiator at Paris.
    (www.bartleby.com/67/4271.html)

1969        Jan 12, The New York Jets defeated the Baltimore Colts, 16-7, in Super Bowl III at the Orange Bowl in Miami.
    (AP, 1/12/99)

1969        Jan 14, An explosion on the US carrier Enterprise, 75 miles from Hawaii, resulted in 28 dead and over 300 injured.
    (http://tinyurl.com/64clvh)

1969        Jan 15, The Russian Soyuz 5 went into orbit. The crew then maneuvered to dock with Soyuz 4 and Yevgeny Khrunov (d.2000 at 67) became the first astronaut to transfer between linked capsules.
    (SFC, 5/27/00, p.A26)

1969        Jan 20, Richard Nixon in his first inaugural address proclaimed that Americans "cannot learn from one another until we stop shouting at one another." He also said: "the greatest honor history can bestow is the title of peacemaker. This honor now beckons America."
    (HNQ, 6/30/98)(SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F6)
1969        Jan 20, The US president’s salary doubled to $100,000.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/President_of_the_United_States)

1969        Jan 22, In Massachusetts Francis Sargent (1915-1998) became governor after John Volpe was made transportation secretary in the Nixon administration.
    (SFC, 10/24/98, p.A22)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francis_W._Sargent)

1969        Jan 23, Gregorio Ordonez, deputy mayor of San Sebastian, Spain, was assassinated by an ETA terrorist.
    (Econ, 5/17/08, p.66)(www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/2001/basque/stories/overview.html)

1969        Jan 25, US-North Vietnamese peace talks began in Paris.
    (www.historyplace.com/unitedstates/vietnam/index-1969.html)

1969        Jan 26, California was declared a disaster area after two days of flooding and mud slides.
    (HN, 1/26/99)

1969        Jan 27, Byron Vaughn Booth and fellow convict Clinton Robert Smith, also a robber, escaped from the California Institution for Men at Chino. The next day they bought a ticket for a flight from Los Angeles to Miami with a connection in New Orleans. National Airlines Flight 64 was hijacked over the Gulf of Mexico after the plane left New Orleans. The plane ended up landing at Camaguey, Cuba, where Cuban officials removed the hijackers. The flight continued on to Miami. Booth was arrested in Nigeria in 2001 and returned to the US.
    (SFC, 2/24/01, p.C14)(http://articles.latimes.com/2001/may/17/local/me-64627)
1969        Jan 27, Transamerica Corp., under the leadership of John Beckett (1918-2010), announced its wish to build a 1,000-foot tower in San Francisco. Work on the 48-floor Pyramid, designed by architect William Pereira, began in December, 1969. The 853-foot tower was completed in 1972.
    (SSFC, 12/27/09, p.A19)(SFC, 6/28/10, p.C4)(http://tinyurl.com/2acu688)
1969        Jan 27, Byron Vaughn Booth and fellow convict Clinton Robert Smith, also a robber, escaped from the California Institution for Men at Chino. The next day they bought a ticket for a flight from Los Angeles to Miami with a connection in New Orleans. National Airlines Flight 64 was hijacked over the Gulf of Mexico after the plane left New Orleans. The plane ended up landing at Camaguey, Cuba, where Cuban officials removed the hijackers. The flight continued on to Miami. Booth was arrested in Nigeria in 2001 and returned to the US.
    (SFC, 2/24/01, p.C14)(http://articles.latimes.com/2001/may/17/local/me-64627)
1969        Jan 27, In Iraq 14 people, including 9 Jews, were hanged for alleged espionage.
    (http://tinyurl.com/5u75cx)

1969        Jan 29, An undersea oil well off Santa Barbara, Ca., suffered a blowout and over the next 11 days released some 200,000 gallons of oil that spread over 800 square miles of ocean and soiled 35 miles of coastline. The blowout of the Union Oil rig spilled an estimated 4.2 million gallons of oil. Some 3,500 birds were killed as well as some 100 elephant seals and sea lions on San Miguel island.
    (www.geog.ucsb.edu/~jeff/sb_69oilspill/69oilspill_articles2.html)(SFC, 5/22/15, p.A12)
1969        Jan 29, Allan Welsh Dulles (b.1893), US diplomat, director (CIA 1953-61), died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Allen_Dulles)

1969        Jan, A 50-cent one-way toll became permanent on the Golden Gate Bridge following efforts to reduce congestion by Bruce Goecker (1919-2006), former mayor of Corte Madera. Soon toll bridges around the world began following suit.
    (SFC, 9/14/06, p.B5)

1969        Feb 2, Boris Karloff (b.1887), British actor born as William Henry Pratt, died. He is best remembered for his roles in horror films and his portrayal of Frankenstein's monster in the 1931 film Frankenstein.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boris_Karloff)
1969        Feb 2, In Marin County, Ca., a fire destroyed a 22-room mansion at Rancho Olompali occupied by members of “the Chosen Family" led by Donald McCoy (1932-2004)."
    (SSFC, 10/24/04, p.B7)(SFC, 1/14/09, p.B12)
1969        Feb 2, Giovanni Martinelli (b.1885), Italian opera singer, died. He enjoyed a long career at the Metropolitan Opera in New York City and appeared at other international theatres.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giovanni_Martinelli)

1969        Feb 4, John Madden (b.1936), a graduate of Daly City’s Jefferson High School, was named head coach of the NFL's Oakland Raiders.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Madden)
1969        Feb 4, Al-Fatah-leader Yasser Arafat officially took over as chairman of PLO.
    (SFC, 11/11/04, p.A18)

1969        Feb 6, The Broadway musical "Dear World," a musical version of Jean Giraudoux’s The Madwoman of Chaillot, opened with Angel Lansbury at the Mark Hellinger Theater.
    (www.arkivmusic.com/classical/album.jsp?album_id=202004)(SFEC, 12/8/96, Par p.18)

1969        Feb 8, The last edition of Saturday Evening Post was published. It had begun publishing in 1869.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Saturday_Evening_Post)
1969        Feb 8, A meteor shower hit Mexico creating a luminance in the night sky as bright as day. A meteorite weighing over 1 ton fell in Chihuahua, Mexico.
    (http://wapi.isu.edu/geo_pgt/Mod05_Meteorites_Ast/mod5.htm)(TMP, KCTS-Video, 1987)
1969        Feb 8, Mexican graphic artist Leopoldo Mendez (b.1902) died. His work mostly focused on engraving for illustrations and other print work generally connected to his political and social activism.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leopoldo_M%C3%A9ndez)

1969        Feb 9, The Boeing 747, the world's largest airplane, made its 1st commercial flight. The Juan T. Trippe, named after the founder of Pan Am, was sold in 2000 to a South Korea couple, who transformed it into an aviation themed restaurant. The venture failed in 2005 and the plane was demolished in late 2010.
    (www.boeing.com/commercial/747family/pf/pf_milestones.html)(SFC, 12/13/10, p.A2)
1969        Feb 9, Gabby Hayes (b.1885), American film and TV actor, died. He played the sidekick to Hopalong Cassidy and later Roy Rogers Westerns.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_%27Gabby%27_Hayes)

1969        Feb 11, A Lockheed SP2E Neptune crashed in the Santa Ana Mountains of Orange County, Ca., while on night training. 7 seamen were killed.
    (SFC, 5/7/08, p.B8)(http://home.att.net/~jbaugher/thirdseries15.html)

1969        Feb 13, In North Carolina the Afro-American Society students of Duke Univ. led a black student takeover of the Allen Building to spark University action on the concerns of Black students. The takeover brought attention to issues such as establishment of an Afro-American studies program, a black cultural center, and increasing the number of black faculty and students.
    (http://library.duke.edu/digitalcollections/rbmscl/uabsa/inv/)

1969        Feb 14, The new red, plastic Olivetti typewriter, designed by Ettore Sottsass (1917-2007, was released.
    (SFC, 1/3/08, p.B5)

1969        Feb 15, Charles Ellsworth Russell (b.1906), aka Pee Wee Russell, jazz clarinet player, died in Alexandria, Va. His albums included “Portrait of Pee Wee" (1958).
    (www.britannica.com/eb/article-9064474)(WSJ, 5/17/06, p.D14)

1969        Feb 17, Bob Dylan & Johnny Cash recorded an album that was never released.
    (http://hnn.us/blogs/entries/57340.html)
1969        Feb 17, Russia and Peru signed their first trade accord.
    (www.historynet.com/tdih0217.htm)

1969        Feb 18, The PLO (PFLP-GC) machine-gunned an Israeli El-Al plane in Zurich, Switzerland.  One Palestinian was killed and 4 were arrested.
    (SFC, 5/21/02, p.A16)(www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Terrorism/incidents.html)

1969        Feb 19, Elvis Presley recorded the Eddie Rabbit song "Kentucky Rain."
    (www.anelvisfan2001.com/KentuckyRain.html)

1969        Feb 20, Ernest Ansermet (b.1883), Swiss conductor and composer, died.
    (www.bach-cantatas.com/Bio/Ansermet-Ernest.htm)

1969        Feb 21, In Israel Hebrew University students Leon Kanner and Eddie Joffe were killed when a bomb exploded as they purchased groceries in a Jerusalem SuperSol supermarket. Rasmieh Yousef Odeh was arrested in March and soon sentenced by an Israeli military court to life in prison for her involvement in this and another terrorist bombing in Jerusalem. In 1980 she was among 78 prisoners released by Israel in an exchange with the PLO for an Israeli soldier captured in Lebanon.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rasmea_Odeh)

1969        Feb 23, Pres. Nixon ordered plans for the secret bombing of Cambodia.
    (www.historycommons.org/context.jsp?item=a04242670parrotsbeak)(SFEC, 4/23/00, p.A19)

1969        Feb 24, The US Supreme Court in the Tinker vs. Des Moines School District case ruled that students had the right to express opinions at odds with the government.
    (WSJ, 5/4/99, p.A22)(www.bc.edu/bc_org/avp/cas/comm/free_speech/tinker.html)

1969        Feb 25, In Vietnam Navy Lt. Bob Kerry (25) took part in a SEAL raid in the Mekong Delta where over a dozen women, children and old men were killed in the village of Thanh Phong. Kerry received a Bronze Star for the raid and later strongly regretted his actions. Soon after the raid Kerry lost a leg at Hon Tam Island and was later awarded a Congressional medal of Honor. In 2001 Kerry, former Gov. and Senator from Nebraska, made public his participation in the raid. In 2001 Bui Thi Luom of Thanh Phong, the only survivor from her hut of 16, said 20 people were killed "Only civilians, women and children." Kerry described the event in his 2002 memoir "When I Was a Young Man." In 2002 Gregory L. Vistica authored: "The Education of Lieutenant Kerry."
    (SFC, 4/26/01, p.A1)(SFC, 4/27/01, p.A3)(SSFC, 4/29/01, p.A12)(SFC, 6/1/02, p.A12)(WSJ, 1/23/03, p.D14)

1969        Feb 26, Levi Eshkol (b.1895), born in the Ukraine as Levi Shkolnik, died while serving as Israel’s 3rd premier (1963-1969).
    (Economist, 9/22/12, p.93)((http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Levi_Eshkol)
1969        Feb 26, Karl Jaspers (b.1883), German psychiatrist, philosopher, died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karl_Jaspers)

1969        Feb 27, President Nixon arrived in Rome from West Berlin amid protests by thousands of students.
    (www.historynet.com/today_in_history?tihMonth=2&tihDay=27)

1969        Feb 28, A Los Angeles court refused Robert Kennedy assassin Sirhan Sirhan's request to be executed.
    (HN, 2/28/98)

1969        Feb, Gen. Hafez al-Assad became head of Syria.
    (http://i-cias.com/e.o/assad_hafiz.htm)

1969        Mar 1, "Red, White, and Maddox" closed at Cort Theater in NYC after 41 performances.
    (www.ibdb.com/production.php?id=3452)
1969         Mar 1, Mickey Mantle of the NY Yankees announced his retirement from baseball.
    (HN, 3/1/98)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mickey_Mantle)
1969        Mar 1, Jim Morrison (d.1971), lead singer for the Doors, exposed himself at Dinner Key Auditorium in Miami before 10,000 people. An arrest warrant was issued for Morrison four days after the concert. He turned himself in, was tried the next year and convicted on two charges. Gov. Charlie Crist and Florida's Cabinet members pardoned Morrison of those convictions on Dec 9, 2010.
    (SFC, 12/24/02, p.A13)(AP, 12/10/10)

1969        Mar 2, Dmitri Shostakovich, Russian composer, completed his 14th Symphony.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Symphony_No._14_(Shostakovich))(http://tinyurl.com/66tpar)
1969        Mar 2, Phil Esposito of the Boston Bruins became the 1st NHL Player to score 100 points in a season.
    (www.nhl.com/history/030269.html)
1969        Mar 2, The Concorde jetliner's 1st test flight took place in Bristol, England.
    (www.xent.com/pipermail/fork/Week-of-Mon-20031013/026200.html)
1969        Mar 2, Chinese and Russian soldiers clashed on Damansky Island and approximately 70 died. The Soviet and Chinese border troops had been skirmishing since 1959 along the 2,500 mile border. Recent skirmishes were along the Ussuri River border. The Soviets used a full scale tank assault to repulse a Chinese attack on the island of Damansky. A border treaty in the 1990s gave the island to China.
    (www.jstor.org/pss/1957173)(WSJ, 11/19/96, p.A1)(SFC, 12/28/96, p.A13)(WSJ, 12/16/05, p.A1)(http://tinyurl.com/n43dsd4)

1969        Mar 3, Sirhan Sirhan testified in a court in Los Angeles that he killed Robert Kennedy.
    (HN, 3/3/99)
1969        Mar 3, Apollo 9 blasted off from Cape Kennedy on a mission to test the lunar module. It carried astronauts James McDivitt, Russell Schweickart and David Scott and made 151 Earth orbits over 10 days.
    (AP, 3/3/98)(SSFC, 3/8/09, p.B2)

1969        Mar 4, George Wald (d.1997 at 90), Nobel Prize winner, declared his opposition to the war in Vietnam at MIT in the speech: "A Generation in Search of a Future."
    (SFC, 4/14/97, p.A19)

1969        Mar 5, “What the Butler Saw," the final play of Joe Orton (1933-1967), was first performed in London. The sex farce was set in a mental hospital.
    (SFC, 6/12/09, p.E1)(http://talkingbroadway.org/regional/sanfran/s823.html)
1969        Mar 5, Gustav Heinemann was elected West German President.
    (HN, 3/5/98)

1969        Mar 6, Black Panther Anthony Garnet Bryant, aka Tony Bryant (d.1999 at 60), hijacked a National Airlines plane enroute from NY to Miami and directed it to Cuba. He was arrested in Cuba and spent a year and a half in jail and was pardoned in 1980. His 1984 book "Hijack" described his experience in Cuban prisons.
    (SFEC, 12/26/99, p.C10)(http://tinyurl.com/aopyo)

1969        Mar 10, James Earl Ray pleaded guilty to the murder of Dr. Martin Luther King in Memphis, Tenn., and was sentenced to 99 years in jail. Ray later repudiated that plea.
    (AP, 3/10/98)(HN, 3/10/98)

1969        Mar 11, Levi started to sell bell-bottomed jeans.
    (HN, 3/11/98)

1969        Mar 12, Paul McCartney married Linda Eastman in London.
    (AP, 3/12/98)

1969        Mar 13, The Apollo 9 astronauts splashed down, ending a mission that included the successful testing of the lunar module.
    (AP, 3/13/97)
1969        Mar 13, In Vietnam Navy Lt. John Kerry rescued Jim Rassman on the Bay Hap River while under Viet Cong fire. In 2004 Kerry became the Democratic nominee for President.
    (SSFC, 2/8/04, p.A1)

1969        Mar 14, US Supreme Court Justice Abe Fortas resigned under pressure for the acceptance of an allegedly illegal payment from a former business associate.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abe_Fortas)
1969        Mar 14, Ben Shahn (1898), Lithuanian-born American painter and photographer, died in NYC. Much of his photography of done in New York’s Lower East Side and Greenwich Village.
    (WSJ, 12/1/98, p.A20)(WSJ, 2/1/00, p.A24)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ben_Shahn)

1969        Mar 15, A violent Chinese-Russian border dispute left 100s dead.
    (www.jstor.org/pss/1957173)

1969        Mar 16, "1776," a musical about the writing of the Declaration of Independence, opened on Broadway.
    (AP, 3/16/99)

1969        Mar 17, Golda Meir (d.1978) became the 4th prime minister of Israel. She held the office to 1974.
    (AP, 3/17/97)(AP, 12/8/97)

1969        Mar 18, President Richard M. Nixon authorized Operation Menu, the 'secret' bombing of Cambodia [see Feb 23].
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Menu)

1969        Mar 20, Senator Edward Kennedy called on the U.S. to close all bases in Taiwan.
    (HN, 3/20/98)
1969        Mar 20, The Chicago 8 were indicted in aftermath of Chicago Democratic convention.
    (www.cnn.com/ALLPOLITICS/1996/conventions/chicago/facts/chicago68/index.shtml)
1969        Mar 20, John Lennon married Yoko Ono in Gibraltar.
    (AP, 3/20/97)(HN, 3/20/98)

1969        Mar 23, The teenage crusade Rally for Decency in Miami drew some 30,000. Teenagers organized the rally after Jim Morrison (24), the lead singer of The Doors rock group, was charged with indecent exposure during a concert in Miami on March 1.
    (http://forum.johndensmore.com/lofiversion/index.php/t2673.html)

1969        Mar 25, John and Yoko Ono staged a bed-in for peace in Amsterdam.
    (HN, 3/24/98)
1969        Mar 25, Max Forrester Eastman (b.1883), US critic and essayist, died. His books included  “Love and Revolution: My Journey Through an Epoch" (1964).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Max_Eastman)

1969        Mar 26, Marcus Welby MD, a TV movie was shown on ABC-TV. It began a popular series with Robert Young and ran to 1976.
    (www.imdb.com/title/tt0064636/)(WSJ, 1/10/03, p.A10)
1969        Mar 26, Writer John Kennedy Toole (b.1937) committed suicide at the age of 32. His mother helped get his first and only novel, "A Confederacy of Dunces," published. It went on to win the 1981 Pulitzer Prize.
    (HN, 3/26/01)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Kennedy_Toole)
1969        Mar 26, B. Traven (b.1890), novelist and short-story writer, died. He lived most of his life incognito in Mexico. His work included "The Treasure of the Sierra Madre" (1934), "The Death Ship," The Rebellion of the Hanged" and "The General from the Jungle." In 1976 Michael L. Baumann authored "B. Traven, An Introduction." In 2000 Michael L. Baumann authored "Mr. Traven, I Presume."
    (SFEC, 10/15/00, BR p.8)(www.kirjasto.sci.fi/traven.htm)
1969        Mar 26, The Nuclear reactor in Dodewaard, Netherlands, went into use.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dodewaard_nuclear_power_plant)
1969        Mar 26, Soviet weather Satellite Meteor 1 was launched.
    (HN, 3/25/98)

1969        Mar 28, Dwight D. Eisenhower (b.1890), the 34th president of the US, died at Walter Reed General Hospital in Washington at age 78. In 2002 Carlo D’Este authored "Eisenhower: A Soldier’s Life." In 2006 John Wukovits authored “Eisenhower. In 2007 Kasey S. Pipes authored “Ike’s Final Battle: The Road to Little Rock and the Challenge of Equality." In 2007 Michael Korda authored “Ike: An American Hero." In 2012 Jean Edward Smith authored “Eisenhower: In War and Peace."
    (AP, 3/28/97)(WSJ, 7/12/02, p.W12)(WSJ, 3/7/07, p.D7)(AH, 6/07, p.70)(SFC, 8/22/07, p.E1)(Econ, 3/17/12, p.92)

1969        Apr 1, Lin Biao (1907-1971) was named Mao's constitutional successor. Chinese historical accounts later said Biao showed his true nature two years later as a murderous opportunist obsessed with seizing power.
    (AP, 7/16/07)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lin_Biao)

1969        Apr 4, In Houston, Texas, Dr. Denton Cooley implanted the 1st temporary artificial heart.
    (www.nytimes.com/2007/11/27/health/27docs.html)

1969        Apr 6, Sir Wally Herbert (1934-2007), English explorer, reached the North Pole on foot. He became the first man to cross the entire frozen surface of the Arctic Ocean on foot covering the 3,720 miles in 16 months. Roy Koerner, a glaciologist accompanying Herbert, drilled more than 250 ice core samples during the journey.
    (AP, 6/13/07)

1969        Apr 7,    The US Supreme Court in Stanley v. Georgia unanimously struck down laws prohibiting private possession of obscene material.
    (AP, 4/7/07)

1969        Apr 9, Students and police clashed at Harvard Univ. In 1997 the incident was described by Roger Rosenblatt in his book: "Coming Apart."
    (WSJ, 4/15/97, p.A16)
1969        Apr 9, The maiden flight of Concorde 002 was from Filton to Bristol.
    (www.sciencemuseum.org.uk/objects/aeronautics/1977-45.aspx)

1969        Apr 10, Harley Jefferson Earl (1893-1969), American car designer, died. He was a Hollywood builder of custom cars and became GM’s VP of styling from 1940-1959. He was the first to introduce tail fins in 1948. His design philosophy was "You can design a car so that every time you get in it, it’s a relief--you have a little vacation for a while."
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)(www.motorera.com/corvette/1950/vet56-1.htm)

1969        Apr 12, Simon and Garfunkel released "The Boxer."
    (www.radiowest.ca/forum/viewtopic.php?t=3300&sid=72232d290dfd00e819b5932236c4c632)

1969        Apr 14, In the 41st Academy Awards "Oliver" won as best picture, Cliff Robertson won as best actor (Charly), Katherine Hepburn tied as best actress (Lion in Winter) with Barbara Streisand (Funny Girl).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/41st_Academy_Awards)
1969        Apr 14, The first major league baseball game in Canada was played in Montreal. The expansion Montreal Expos hosted their first game north of the border, marking the first time a regular season major league game is played outside of the US. The Expos won their debut at Jarry Park, edging the St. Louis Cardinals, 8-7.
    (HN, 4/14/98)(www.baseball-reference.com/bullpen/1969_Expos)
1969        Apr 14, In NYC the student Afro-American Society seized Columbia College.
    (http://beatl.barnard.columbia.edu/stand_columbia/Timeline1965-69.html)
1969        Apr 14, A tornado struck Dacca in East Pakistan killing 660.
    (www.bangladeshtornadoes.org/climo/btorcli0.htm)

1969        Apr 15, North Korea shot down a US airplane above the Sea of Japan. All 31 men aboard the plane were believed dead.
    (www.willyvictor.com/History/Korean_Shootdown/Korea.html)
1969        Apr 15, In SF Officer Rene Lacau had a fatal heart attack during a struggle with a person suspected of stealing a car.
    (SFC, 1/27/07, p.A8)

1969        Apr 17, A jury in Los Angeles convicted Sirhan Sirhan of assassinating Sen. Robert F. Kennedy. 6 days later he was sentenced to death.
    (AP, 4/17/97)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_F._Kennedy_assassination)
1969        Apr 17, Czechoslovak Communist Party chairman Alexander Dubcek (1921-1992), considered the architect of Czechoslovakia's Prague Spring, was deposed.
    (AP, 4/17/97)(http://referat.kulichki.net/files/page.php?id=35421)

1969        Apr 18, George Whittell, Jr. (b.1881), born in SF to wealth amassed in real estate and mining, died. His construction of a lakefront estate at lake Tahoe, the Thunderbird Lodge, began in 1937 and was completed in 1939.
    (SFC, 7/21/07, p.F1)(www.thunderbirdlodge.org/theman.html)

1969        Apr 19, In Ithaca N.Y. some 80 armed, militant black students at Cornell Univ. took over Willard Straight Hall. They demanded a black studies program and cut a deal with frightened administrators for total amnesty. In 1999 Donald Alexander Downs described the events in his book: "Cornell '69."
    (WSJ, 5/20/99, p.A18)

1969        Apr 22, In the Golden Globe boat race, sponsored by the British Sunday Times newspaper, one man became the 1st to single-handedly sail nonstop around the world. In 2001 Peter Nichols authored "A Voyage for Madmen."
    (SSFC, 8/5/01, DB p.61)
1969        Apr 22, The 1st human eye transplant was performed for John Madden in Houston.
    (http://openweb.tvnews.vanderbilt.edu/1969-4/1969-04-23-NBC-23.html)

1969        Apr 23, Sirhan Sirhan was sentenced to death for assassinating New York Sen. Robert F. Kennedy. The sentence was later reduced to life imprisonment.
    (AP, 4/23/97)(HN, 4/23/99)
1969        Apr 23, The Lebanese army battled with rioting Palestinians.
    (http://tinyurl.com/5m9aj6)

1969        Apr 26, Morihei Ueshiba (b.1883), Japanese martial arts master, died. He evolved aikido through a synthesis and repatterning of various Japanese martial arts forms. Ueshiba is remembered by his pupils as a master of the martial arts, whose studies transcended technical matters to include a moral and philosophical view of the world based around harmony in the face of aggression.
    (SFC, 5/25/09, p.E1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Morihei_Ueshiba)

1969        Apr 27, Gen. Rene Barrientos (b.1919), military president of Bolivia, died in a helicopter crash.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ren%C3%A9_Barrientos_Ortu%C3%B1o)

1969        Apr 28, French President Charles de Gaulle resigned his office after a referendum on the reform of the Senate and local government failed. Alain Pohrer (1909-1996), as president of the Senate, then served as interim president for 7 weeks.
    (SFC, 12/12/96, p.C8)(AP, 4/28/97)(Econ, 6/19/10, p.86)

1969        Apr 30, US troops in Vietnam peaked at 543,000. Over 33,000 had already been killed.
    (SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F6)

1969        Apr, In England Bernadette Devlin (b.1947) of Northern Ireland became the youngest woman ever elected to British Parliament. Her 1969 book, “The Price of My Soul," did much to publicize widespread discrimination against Roman Catholics in Northern Ireland.
    (SFEC, 3/23/97,  p.A15)(www.socialistworker.co.uk/art.php?id=6234)

1969        May 1, In SF plainclothes Officer Joseph Brodnick was fatally shot after he and a partner stopped some youths suspected of burglary. 6 people were acquitted at trial.
    (SFC, 1/27/07, p.A8)

1969        May 2, Franz JHMM von Papen (b.1879), German chancellor (1932), died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Franz_von_Papen)

1969        May 4, F. Osbert S. Sitwell (b.1892), English poet (Who Killed Cock Robin?), died at castle Montegufoni near Florence, Italy.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Osbert_Sitwell)

1969        May 5, N. Scott Momaday (b.1934) received the Pulitzer Prize for Literature for “House Made of Dawn." The Kiowa author was the first American Indian to win the prize. Norman Mailer won the general non-fiction Pulitzer Prize for “Armies of the Night" (1968).
    (http://tinyurl.com/5naupa)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1969_Pulitzer_Prize)

1969        May 7, The Cunard Queen Elizabeth 2 (QE2) sailed into New York Harbor for the first time under Commodore William Warwick (d.1999 at 86).
    (SFC, 3/16/99, p.A17)

1969        May 8, The Academy Award Oscar for best 1968 documentary was given to runner-up “Journey Into Self," after it was found that “Young Americans," the original winner had been shown in a theater in October, 1967, making it ineligible for the 1968 award. Alex Grasshoff had directed the “Young Americans," a chronicle of a summer tour by the singing group.
    (SFC, 4/22/08, p.B5)(http://theoscarsite.com/pictures1968/journeyintoself.htm)

1969        May 10, In Louisiana the 2nd Lake Pontchartrain causeway opened. The 1st span was completed in 1956.
    (www.southeastroads.com/lpc.html)
1969        May 10, Malaysia held its 3rd general election since independence. Opposition advances at the polls were followed by bloody race riots. Smoldering racial tensions erupted between the Malays and the Chinese with riots that killed dozens.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malaysian_general_election,_1969)(SFC,11/24/97, p.A11)
1969        May 10, The Battle of Hamburger Hill began and lasted to May 20. In Vietnam US military strength peaked in this year with 550,000 men. Identified on American battle maps as Hill 937 the battle for Hamburger Hill, actually Ap Bia Mountain, which cost Americans 46 killed and 400 wounded, was one of the most significant battles of the Vietnam War as it spelled the end of major American ground combat operations. The ground gained in the battle was soon abandoned to the North Vietnamese Army, which lost some 633 soldiers killed in the fight. The American losses at Hamburger Hill, though not the most in one single action of the war, set off a firestorm of protest in the US [see May 20].
    (HFA, '96, p.30)(SFC, 6/24/96, p.A15)(HNQ, 4/4/99)(SFC, 4/27/00, p.A18)

1969        May 11, The Monty Python comedy troupe formed.
    (www.querycat.com/faq/a99b3004b7265291928d484e51b547ea)
1969         May 11, Canada’s CBC public broadcaster announced it will no longer accept advertising from tobacco companies.
    (http://archives.cbc.ca/health/public_health/topics/1945-12678/)
1969        May 11, The Battle of Hamburger Hill began. [see May 10]
    (HFA, '96, p.30)(SFC, 6/24/96, p.A15)

1969        May 12, Winnie Mandela was detained under South Africa’s Terrorism Act and was placed in solitary confinement for seventeen months. In 1970 she was placed under house arrest.
    (www.answers.com/topic/winnie-madikizela-mandela)(http://tinyurl.com/cynuvn)
1969        May 12, Viet Cong sappers tried unsuccessfully to overrun Landing Zone Snoopy in Vietnam.
    (HN, 5/12/99)

1969        May 13, In Malaysia deadly race riots took place in Kuala Lumpur.
    (Econ, 5/16/09, p.49)
1969        May 13,  Paul Wild, Swiss astronomer, discovered asteroid #1775, Zimmerwald.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1775_Zimmerwald)

1969        May 14, Three companies of the 101st Airborne Division failed to push North Vietnamese forces off Hill 937 (Hamburger Hill) in South Vietnam.
    (HN, 5/14/01)
1969        May 14, Abortion and contraception was legalized in Canada.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abortion_in_Canada)

1969        May 15, US Supreme Court Justice Abe Fortas resigned amid a controversy over his past legal fees.
    (AP, 5/15/99)
1969        May 15, Univ. of California officials fenced People’s Park and planned to build dormitories. This prompted some 3,000 protesters to try to seize it back. Gov. Reagan placed Berkeley under martial law and dispatched tear gas-spraying helicopters and riot police who shot and killed one man.
    (SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F7)

1969        May 16, Russia’s Venera 5 landed on Venus and returned data on atmosphere.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Venera_5)

1969        May 18, "Canterbury Tales" closed at Eugene O'Neill in NYC after 121 performances.
    (www.ibdb.com/production.php?id=3455)
1969        May 18, In Vietnam two battalions of the 101st Airborne Division assaulted Hill 937 (Hamburger Hill) but could not reach the top because of muddy conditions.
    (HN, 5/18/00)
1969        May 18, Astronauts Eugene A. Cernan, Thomas P. Stafford and John W. Young blasted off aboard Apollo 10.
    (AP, 5/18/97)   

1969        May 20, In Connecticut Warren Kimbro (d.2009 at 74), a member of the Black Panthers, fatally shot Alex Rackley (19), another member of the Black Panthers, who was believed to be an FBI informant. The shooting was ordered by George Sams, a local Black Panther leader. Prosecutors later alleged that Bobby Seale had ordered the murder.
    (AP, 2/11/09)
1969        May 20, U.S. troops of the 101st Airborne Division and South Vietnamese forces captured Ap Bia Mountain, Hill 937, after nine days of fighting entrenched North Vietnamese forces. Ap Bia was referred to as Hamburger Hill by the Americans, following one of the bloodiest battles of the Vietnam War.
    (HN, 5/20/02)(AP, 5/20/08)

1969        May 21, Robert Kennedy's murderer, Sirhan Sirhan, was sentenced to death.
    (MC, 5/21/02)

1969        May 22, The lunar module of Apollo 10 separated from the command module and flew to within nine miles of the moon's surface in a dress rehearsal for the first lunar landing.
    (AP, 5/22/97)

1969        May 23, The BBC ordered 13 episodes of Monty Python's Flying Circus.
    (www.querycat.com/faq/a99b3004b7265291928d484e51b547ea)
1969        May 23, The Who released their rock opera "Tommy."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tommy_(album))

1969        May 25, Anne Heche, actress, was born in  Aurora, OH. Her films included “Donnie Brasco" (1997) and “Volcano" (1997).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anne_Heche)
1969        May 25, Matt Borlenghi, actor, was born in  Los Angeles, CA. In the early 1990s played Brian Bodine in the soap opera “All My Children."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Matt_Borlenghi)
1969        May 25, "Midnight Cowboy" was released with an X rating. It was based on the novel by James Leo Herlihy and became the only x-rated film to win an Oscar.
    (www.nndb.com/films/794/000032698/)
1969        May 25, The Israeli Army made the first of four unsuccessful assaults on Arab forces in the town of Latrun, Israel.
    (HN, 5/25/99)
1969        May 25, Thor Heyerdahl (1914-2002), Norwegian ethnographer and adventurer, departed with his crew on the reed raft Ra for from Morocco. They abandoned their trip 1 week shy of Barbados. Heyerdahl sailed across the Atlantic in his Egyptian reed boat, Ra, and reported on garbage floating everywhere in the sea. On 16 July the crew was saved by the American yacht Shenandoah. In just 56 days they had sailed a distance of 2,700 nautical miles.
    (V.D.-H.K.p.343)(www.shipsonstamps.org/Topics/html/kontiki.htm)
1969        May 25, Sudanese government was overthrown in a military coup. Gaafar an-Nimeiry (1930-2009),  came to power with the support of communist and socialist leaders.
    (http://countrystudies.us/sudan/23.htm)(AP, 5/31/09)

1969        May 26, The Apollo 10 astronauts returned to Earth after a successful eight-day dress rehearsal for the first manned moon landing.
    (AP, 5/26/97)

1969        May 27, Walt Disney World construction began in Florida.
    (HN, 5/27/98)

1969        May 28, Rhys Williams (b.1897), Welsh-born Film and TV actor, died in Los Angeles. His films included  “Corn is Green" (1945), “Okinawa" (1952) and “Nightmare" (1956).
    (www.imdb.com/name/nm0931525/)

1969        May 29, Britain's Trans-Arctic expedition made the 1st crossing of Arctic Sea ice. Roy Koerner (1932-2008), more commonly known as Fritz, was one of the four members of Sir Wally Herbert’s British Transarctic Expedition which, on April 6, 1969, stood at the North Pole.
    (www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/comment/obituaries/article1929131.ece)

1969        May 30, Refinery workers on Curacao set fires in Willemstad. Marines from the Netherlands restored order.
    (Econ, 5/26/07, p.38)

1969        May 31, John Lennon and Yoko Ono recorded "Give Peace a Chance" during their “Bed-In" at the Queen Elizabeth’s Hotel in Montreal.
    (http://digitaldreamdoor.nutsie.com/pages/lyrics2/givepeace.html)

1969        Jun 2, Australian aircraft carrier Melbourne sliced the destroyer USS Frank E. Evans in half during NATO maneuvers off the shore of South Vietnam. 74 US sailors were killed.
    (HN, 6/2/98)(SFC, 6/19/08, p.B5)

1969        Jun 3, Last episode of Star Trek aired on NBC (Turnabout Intruder).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Star_Trek)

1969        Jun 4, Armando Socarras Ramirez (22) sneaked into wheel pod of a jet parked in Havana & survived a 9-hr flight to Spain despite thin oxygen levels at 29,000 ft.
    (http://bbs.keyhole.com/ubb/showflat.php/Cat/0/Number/168489/an/0/page/25)

1969        Jun 6, Joe Namath resigned from NFL after Pete Rozelle, football commissioner, said he must sell his stake in a bar.
    (www.truveo.com/id/3053870463)
1969        Jun 6, Gen. Franco closed the Gibraltar border with Spain. It stayed closed for 16 years. This effectively starved Gibraltar of workers while depriving some 9,000 former workers of much-needed jobs and of a right to claim pensions. The frontier was not fully reopened until 1985.
    (WSJ, 4/8/02, p.A8)(AP, 9/19/06)(http://web.mit.edu/cascon/cases/case_gib.html)

1969        Jun 7, The Johnny Cash Show premiered on ABC from the Grand Ole Opry with special guest Bob Dylan and regular cast: Tennessee Three, June Carter and Carter Family, Statler Brothers, and Carl Perkins, stepping in for Luther Perkins, who has just died accidentally in tragic fire. The series ran through 1971.
    (www.johnnycashonline.com/biography)
1969        Jun 7, Tommy James & the Shondells released "Crystal Blue Persuasion."
    (www.cashboxmagazine.com/archives/60s_files/1969.html)

1969        Jun 8, President Nixon met with Nguyen Van Thieu, President of South Vietnam, and informed him that US troop levels were going to be sharply reduced. During a joint press conference with Thieu, Nixon announced a policy of 'Vietnamization' of the war and a reduction of US troops in Vietnam. The first phase of 'Vietnamization' was to include the withdrawal of 25,000 American military personnel.
    (www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A715042)(http://tinyurl.com/9n3vpd)

1969        Jun 9, The U.S. Senate confirmed Warren Burger to be the new chief justice of the United States, succeeding Earl Warren.
    (AP, 6/9/97)
1969        Jun 9, The US Supreme Court, in Red Lion Broadcasting Co. v. FCC, ruled the Fairness Doctrine constitutional. The court said free-speech protections for broadcasters are narrower than those for publishers and pedestrians. The Red Lion case was the result of a 1964 book "Goldwater: Extremist on the Right," by Fred J. Cook. In 1987 the Federal Communications Commission voted 4-0 to rescind the Fairness Doctrine, which had required radio and television stations to present balanced coverage of controversial issues. The tighter regulation of broadcasting was based on broadcasters' use of public airwaves.
    (AP, 8/4/97)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Red_Lion_Broadcasting_Co._v._FCC)(WSJ, 3/24/04, p.A4)

1969        Jun 11, John L. Lewis (b.1880), American labor organizer, died. He was the driving force behind the 1935 formation of the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_L._Lewis)
1969        Jun 11, Soviet and Chinese troops clashed on Sinkiang border.
    (AP, 6/11/03)

1969        Jun 12, Alexander Deyneka (b.1899), Soviet Russian artist, died. he came from a family of railroad workers and started out as a police photographer after graduating from art school. He made mosaics in the 1930s for Mayakovskaya metro station in central Moscow.
    (AFP, 2/17/11)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander_Deyneka)

 1969        Jun 17, The raunchy musical review "Oh! Calcutta!" opened in New York.
    (AP, 6/17/97)

1969        Jun 17, Black Panther William Brent (1931-2006) became the 28th person this year to hijack a US airplane to Cuba. The Cubans put him in jail for two years. He published his memoir in 1996 titled "Long Time Gone."
    (SFC, 6/3/96, BR p.3)(SFEC, 12/26/99, p.C10)

1969        Jun 21, The 14th Symphony by Dmitri Shostakovich (1906-1975) premiered in Moscow.
    (www.c4md.org/hancher/kremerata.html)

1969        Jun 22, The highly polluted Cuyahoga River in Cleveland, Ohio, caught on fire.
    (Hem., Oct. '95, p.83)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cuyahoga_River)
1969        Jun 22, Judy Garland (47), film actress and star of "The Wizard of Oz," died in London. In 1975 Gerold Frank authored the biography "Judy." In 2000 Gerald Clarke authored "Get Happy: The Life of Judy Garland."
    (SFEC, 10/5/97, Z1 p.6)(AP, 6/22/99)(SFEC, 6/18/00, BR p.4)

1969        Jun 23, Warren E. Burger was sworn in as chief justice of the United States by the man he was succeeding, Earl Warren.
    (AP, 6/23/97)

1969        Jun 27, The 3-day Denver Pop Festival opened. The peak attendance was estimated at 50,000.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Denver_Pop_Festival)
1969        Jun 27, Honduras and El Salvador broke diplomatic relations due to soccer match. El Salvador and Honduras fought a 4-day "Soccer War" when fans brought out long-simmering tensions during World cup qualifying matches. Some 3,000 people died in the 4-day conflict.
    (www.onwar.com/aced/data/sierra/soccer1969.htm)(Econ, 11/28/09, p.52)

1969        Jun 28, In the early hours 8 police officers raided the Stonewall Inn, a gay bar in New York City's Greenwich Village. Police raided the bar because it had refused to pay an increase in bribery. This led to a clash in what came to be called The Stonewall Rebellion, an incident considered the birth of the homosexual rights movement. Some 400 to 1,000 patrons rioted against police for 3 days The event was described by gay historian Martin Duberman in his book “Stonewall" (1993).
    (SFEC, 7/21/96, DB p.32)(AP, 6/27/97)(AP, 6/27/08)(SFC, 6/22/09, p.E1)(SFC, 6/26/09, p.F3)

1969        Jun, A block of flats near Segovia, Spain, collapsed killing 58 people. Developer Jesus Gil y Gil (1933-2004) was jailed for 5 years for criminal negligence, but was pardoned after 18 months.
    (Econ, 8/23/03, p.40)(www.telegraph.co.uk/news/obituaries/1462047/Jesus-Gil.html)

1969        Jul 1, Britain's Prince Charles was invested as the Prince of Wales.
    (AP, 7/1/99)
1969        Jul 1, The Tokyo Stock Price Index (TOPIX) was inaugurated.
    (WSJ, 3/15/07, p.C1)

1969        Jul 2, Kirk Kerkorian (1917-2015) opened his International Hotel in Las Vegas, Nevada, the largest hotel in the world. It later became the Las Vegas Hilton. He built the world's largest hotel in Las Vegas three times: the International Hotel, the MGM Grand Hotel (1973) and the MGM Grand (1993).
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Westgate_Las_Vegas_Resort_%26_Casino)(WSJ, 4/21/07, p.A6)(Econ, 6/27/15, p.57)
1969        Jul 2, Barbra Streisand (b.1942) opened for a 4-week engagement at the Las Vegas International Hotel.
    (www.barbrafile.com/6169.htm)

1969            Jul 3, Brian Jones (27), founder of the Rolling Stones (1962), was found dead at the bottom of Cotchford Farm swimming pool.
    (www.hotshotdigital.com/WellAlwaysRemember.4/BrianJones.html)

1969        Jul 4, "Give Peace a Chance" by Plastic Ono Band was released in UK.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Give_Peace_a_Chance)
1969        Jul 4, Some 140,000 attended the Atlanta Pop Festival featuring Led Zeppelin & Janis Joplin.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atlanta_International_Pop_Festival_(1969))
1969        Jul 4, In San Francisco Jim (d.2007) and Artie Mitchell (d.1991) opened the Mitchell Brothers O’Farrell Theater at O’Farrell and Polk.
    (SFC, 10/3/97, p.A15)(SFC, 7/14/07, p.A7)
1969        Jul 4, The California Zodiac killer shot and killed a waitress in Vallejo.
    (SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W20)
1969        Jul 4, Darlene Ferrin (22), a waitress, was shot and killed at the Blue Rock Springs Golf Club in Vallejo. She was parked with Michael Mageau (19), who survived the shooting. The Zodiac killer reported the shooting within an hour from a pay phone.
    (SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W20)(SFC, 10/2/00, p.A19)
1969        Jul 4, The Italian coalition government under Mariano Rumor (1915-1990) fell apart.
    (www.speedylook.com/Mariano_Rumor.html)
1969        Jul 4, Erwin Blumenfeld (b.1897), German-born fashion photographer and artist, died in Rome. His books included “My One Hundred Best Photos" (1981) and the autobiography “Eye to I," published in English in 1999. In 1996 William Ewing authored “Blumenfeld: A Fetish for Beauty."
    (SFC, 4/21/06, p.E13)(www.lib.uiowa.edu/dada/blumenfeld.html)(Econ, 11/9/13, p.88)
1969        Jul 4, The USSR performed nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR.
    (www.ldeo.columbia.edu/res/pi/Monitoring/Arch/sts-table/sts-table.html)

1969        Jul 5, Wilhelm Backhaus (b.1884), German pianist (Rubinstein-1905), died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wilhelm_Backhaus)
1969        Jul 5, Walter Gropius (b.1883), architect, founder (Bauhaus school of design), died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walter_Gropius)
1969        Jul 5, Tom Mboya (b.1930) of Kenya’s Luo tribe was assassinated in Nairobi. He was the expected successor to Pres. Jomo Kenyatta (1894-1978).
    (SFC,12/23/97, p.D2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tom_Mboya)

1969        Jul 7, The first U.S. troops to withdraw from South Vietnam left Saigon.
    (HN, 7/7/98)
1969        Jul 7, J.S. Furnivall (b.1878), British anthropologist, died in Cambridge. He coined the term “plural society" while working as colonial servant in Burma.
    (Econ, 3/10/12, p.52)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Sydenham_Furnivall)
1969        Jul 7, Canada's House of Commons gave final approval to a measure making the French language equal to English throughout the national government.
    (AP, 7/7/97)
1969        Jul 7, Der Spiegel revealed Munich's Bishop Defregger as a war criminal. Charges against Defregger were dropped in 1970.
    (http://tinyurl.com/5f8qts)(http://tinyurl.com/okdpc3w)

1969        Jul 9, Howard Luck Gossage (b.1917), American ad man, died of leukemia. He wrote the essays: Understanding Marshall McLuhan, Our Fictitious Freedom of the Press, How to Look at a Magazine and How to Look at a Billboard. In 1995 "The Book of Gossage," ed. by Bruce Bendinger, was published by The Copy Workshop.
    (www.ciadvertising.org/student_account/fall_01/adv382j/mgautam/PAPER2/luck.html)(Wired, Dec. '95, p.192)

1969        Jul 11, David Bowie (b.1947), British musician, released his single “Space Oddity," supposedly in conjunction with the July 20 Apollo 11 moon landing.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Space_Oddity)

1969        Jul 14 - 1969 Aug 2, In West Papua the "Act of Free Choice" was conducted by the Indonesian military forces. A UN approved referendum, involving 1,026 handpicked pro-Jakarta tribal chiefs, ratified Indonesia’s 1963 annexation of West Papua. Many voted at gunpoint in the unanimous decision. In papers released in 2004, it has been revealed that US Ambassador, Marshall Green in 1969 had fore knowledge that Indonesia had no intention of allowing a Papuan vote that might prevent Indonesia from annexing West Papua as a Indonesian province; he further pointed out that any UN member would unwise to expect free or direct elections.
    (WSJ, 6/6/00, p.A23)(SSFC, 9/1/02, p.A15)(http://tinyurl.com/7cxq3)(Econ, 6/30/12, p.46)

1969        Jul 16, Apollo XI set out from Cape Canaveral (Cape Kennedy), Florida, with Neil Armstrong, Edwin Aldrin, and Michael Collins on the first manned mission to the surface of the moon.
    (V.D.-H.K.p.182, 341)(AP, 7/16/97)
1969        Jul 16, Vu Ngoc Nha (d.2002), top aide to presidents Ngo Dinh Diem and Nguyen Van Thieu, was arrested in Saigon. The CIA uncovered him as the head of a Communist espionage ring. He and 2 others were convicted of treason  and sentenced to life in prison.
    (SFC, 8/13/02, p.A20)

1969        Jul 17, An FBI memo titled "New Left and Extremist Movements" revealed Gov. Reagan’s plans for the destruction of disruptive elements on California college campuses through "psychological warfare" and other methods.
    (SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F8)

1969        Jul 18, A car driven by Sen. Edward M. Kennedy (1932-2009), D-Mass., plunged off a bridge on Chappaquiddick Island near Martha's Vineyard. His passenger, 28-year-old Mary Jo Kopechne, died. Kennedy did not report the accident until it was discovered 9 hours later.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1969)(AP, 7/18/97)(Econ, 8/29/09, p.30)

1969        Jul 19, Apollo 11 and its astronauts, Neil Armstrong, Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin and Michael Collins, went into orbit around the moon. The Apollo 11 lunar lander engine was built by TRW.
    (AP, 7/19/99)(F, 10/7/96, p.71)
1969        Jul 19, John Fairfax (1937-2012), British self-proclaimed "professional adventurer," became famous as the first person to row solo across the Atlantic Ocean. Two year later he rowed across the Pacific with his then-girlfriend Sylvia Cook.
    (AFP, 2/19/12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Fairfax_%28rower%29)

1969        Jul 20, Astronaut Neil Armstrong took his legendary "one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind." He and Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin made the first successful landing of a manned vehicle on the moon’s Sea of Tranquility when they touched down in Apollo 11. Armstrong stepped down from the ladder of the landing module Eagle to become the first man ever to walk on the moon. The two astronauts explored the moon's surface for 2 1/2 hours, with amazed TV audiences looking on. Armstrong was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom for his accomplishments and his contributions to the space program. Edwin Aldrin became the second man to step foot on the moon shortly after Neil Armstrong hopped off the lunar lander Eagle at 10:56 p.m. Armstrong and Aldrin walked on the moon for about two hours during their 22-hour lunar stay. Thomas Kelly (d.2002 at 72) was the engineer who had overseen the building of the lunar module. In 2009 Buzz Aldrin authored “Magnificent desolation: The Long Journey Home from the Moon."
    (AP, 7/20/97)(HNPD, 7/20/98)(HNQ, 9/14/00)(SFC, 3/29/02, p.A24)(Econ, 7/18/09, p.82)

1969        Jul 21, Apollo 11 astronauts Neil Armstrong and Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin blasted off from the moon aboard the lunar module.
    (AP, 7/21/99)
1969        Jul 21, Riots in York, Pa., left 2 people dead, Lillie Belle Allen (27) along with rookie officer Henry Schaad (22). Schaad was mortally wounded 3 days before Allen was killed. Over 60 people were arrested as one city block burned. In 2001 Arthur (47) and Robert Messersmith (52) were arrested for the slaying of Allen. In 2001 Rick Lynn Knouse (48) and Gregory Henry Neff (53), former members of the Girarders white street gang, were also charged in the murders. In 2001 York Mayor Charles Robertson was arrested on homicide charges for allegedly handing out ammunition to white gang members and exhorting them to "Kill as many niggers as you can." In 2001 Thomas P. Smith was accused in the ambush shooting of Allen. In 2001 Stephen Freeland (49) and Leon Wright (53) were charged in the murder of officer Schaad. Robertson was acquitted in 2002. Messersmith and Neff were found guilty of 2nd degree murder. 6 white men were sentenced up to 3 years in prison. Wright's brother Michael implicated himself in 2003 and was charged for the murder of Schaad. In 2005 York city officials announced a $2 million settlement with the children and sisters of Lillie Belle Allen.
    (SFC, 4/28/01, p.A5)(SFC, 5/10/01, p.A7)(SFC, 5/17/01, p.A2)(SFC, 5/22/01, p.A5)(YD, 5/24/01)(YD, 6/25/00)(SFC, 10/31/01, p.C2)(SSFC, 10/20/02, p.A7)(SFC, 11/14/02, p.A8)(BS, 6/26/03, 5A)(SFC, 12/7/05, p.A3)

1969            Jul 22, Aretha Franklin (b.1942) was arrested in Detroit for creating a disturbance.
    (http://oldies.about.com/od/oldieshistory/a/july22.htm)
1969        Jul 22,  Dictator Francisco Franco appointed Prince Juan Carlos de Borbon y Borbon as official successor to the position of Head of State.
    (www.archontology.org/nations/spain/spain_1936s/franco.php)

1969        Jul 24, The Apollo XI astronauts, two of whom had been the first men to set foot on the moon, splashed down safely in the Pacific. They were picked up by the 42,000 ton USS Hornet. The Hornet was decommissioned in 1970 and set up as a museum in 1998 in Alameda, Ca.
    (V.D.-H.K.p.182, 341)(AP, 7/24/97)(SFC, 8/17/98, p.A22)
1969        Jul 24, Petroleos del Peru (PETROPERU S.A.) was created (law No.17753) as a state-owned entity.
    (http://tinyurl.com/554vke)

1969        Jul 25, Some 70,000 attended the Seattle Pop Festival. The music festival, organized by Boyd Grafmyrem, was held at the Gold Creek Park, Woodinville, Washington, from July 25 to July 28, 1969.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seattle_Pop_Festival)
1969        Jul 25, The Nixon Doctrine was put forth in a press conference in Guam, in which he stated that the US henceforth expected its Asian allies to take care of their own military defense [see Nov 3, 1969].
    (http://thenewnixon.org/2008/07/24/25-july-1969-the-nixon-doctrine/)
1969        Jul 25, A week after the Chappaquiddick accident that claimed the life of Mary Jo Kopechne, Sen. Edward M. Kennedy pleaded guilty to a charge of leaving the scene of an accident.
    (AP, 7/25/99)

1969        Jul 26, Frank Loesser, songwriter (b.1910), died. His songs included “Baby It’s Cold Outside" sung in the 1949 film “Neptune’s Daughter." In 2008 Thomas L. Riis authored Frank Loesser.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frank_Loesser)

1969        Jul 31, The Zodiac killer sent a poorly-spelled letter to the SF Chronicle, Examiner and Vallejo Times-Herald and took responsibility for the July 5 shootings along with a portion of a cipher.
    (SFC, 10/2/00, p.A19)
1969        Jul 31, Gary Allen Hinman, a California musician and UCLA Ph.D. candidate, was found murdered at his home in Topanga Canyon, Ca.  Bruce Davis, a member of Charles Manson’s murderous cult, was later convicted for the murder of Gary Hinman as well as stuntman Donald “Shorty" Shea.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mary_Brunner)(SFC, 1/29/10, p.A6)

1969        Jul, The rock group Mountain with Leslie West and Felix Pappalardi released their album Windfall 4500.
    (www.mp3.com/albums/17361/reviews.html)
1969        Jul, Stokely Carmichael, black power advocate, broke ties with the Black Panthers and moved to Guinea.
    (SFC, 11/16/98, p.A7)
1969        Jul, India’s PM Indira Gandhi sacked her finance minister and took the job herself. The next day she ordered 14 of the biggest banks to be taken into public ownership. For the next two decades the state controlled lending and fixed as many as 200 separate interest rates. The government used the RBI as a piggy bank, forcing it to print money and to finance its short term needs.
    (Econ, 2/4/12, p.73)(Econ, 11/30/13, p.69)(Econ, 6/6/15, p.63)

1969        Aug 2, Bob Dylan made a surprise appearance at the Minn. Hibbing High School 10-year reunion.
    (http://oldies.about.com/od/oldieshistory/a/august2.htm)
1969         Aug 2, Richard Nixon visited Romania becoming the first president to visit a communist nation since the start of the Cold War.
    (HNQ, 11/20/01)(www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1464.html)

1969        Aug 5, The U.S. space probe Mariner 7 flew by Mars, sending back photographs and scientific data. It returned 127 images of the South Polar icecap and southern hemisphere. Mariner 6 also flew past Mars this year and returned 75 images of the Martian equator along with the surface temperature, atmospheric pressure and composition.
    (AP, 8/5/97)(SFC, 12/8/99, p.A19)

1969        Aug 6, Theodor Adorno, German philosopher, died of a heart attack. In 2008 Detlev Claussen authored “Theodor W. Adorno: One Last Genius."
    (WSJ, 4/18/08, p.W5)(www.kirjasto.sci.fi/adorno.htm)

1969        Aug 8, In England Iain MacMillan took pictures of the Beatles as they crossed Abbey Road for the cover of their "Abbey Road" album.
    (SFEC, 8/22/99, p.T4)
1969        Aug 8, Actress Sharon Tate (26) and four other people were brutally murdered in her Beverly Hills home; cult leader Charles Manson and a group of his disciples were later convicted of the crime. The best writing on the Manson murders was by Joan Didion in "The White Album."
    (SFEC, 3/16/97, Z1 p.4)(AP, 8/9/97)(HN, 8/9/98)(SFEC, 9/19/99, BR p.6)

1969        Aug 9, Actress Sharon Tate and four other people were found brutally murdered in her Los Angeles home; cult leader Charles Manson and a group of his disciples were later convicted of the crime. Charles Manson's followers killed actress Sharon Tate and her three guests in her Beverly Hills home. The dead included Abigail Folger and Voyteck Freykowski.
    (SFEC, 3/16/97, z1 p.4)(AP, 8/9/97)(HN, 8/9/98)(MC, 8/9/02)

1969        Aug 10, Leno and Rosemary LaBianca were murdered in their Los Angeles home by members of Charles Manson's cult, one day after actress Sharon Tate and four other people were found slain.
    (AP, 8/10/97)

1969        Aug 12, American installations at Quan-Loi, Vietnam, came under Viet Cong attack.
    (HN, 8/12/98)
1969        Aug 12, In Northern Ireland the Apprentice Boys, a Protestant fraternal group, led a parade that ignited rioting in the Bogside section of Londonderry, that led to the bloody period known as The Troubles. Loyalists attacks on Catholic areas set off rioting in Belfast. Eight people died and British troops were sent in. The Provisional Irish Republican Army began a 25-year sniping and bombing campaign.
    (SFC, 8/10/96, p.A8)(SFEC, 12/22/96, Z1 p.7)(http://tinyurl.com/ddovv8)

1969        Aug 14, British troops arrived in Northern Ireland to intervene in sectarian violence between Protestants and Roman Catholics. The outlawed Irish Republican Army came into Northern Ireland to protect and encourage Catholics and the Provisional IRA soon began terrorist actions against the British troops and Protestant civilians. This culminated in an attack on the Bogside which started on August 12 and ended Aug 14. Some 500 houses were burned to the ground, 1,500 people forced from their homes, and 9 people murdered.
    (SFC, 6/18/96, p.A8)(AP, 8/14/97)(HNQ, 8/17/99)
1969        Aug 14, Leonard Sidney Woolf (b.1880), English publisher, writer, died. He was the husband of writer and critic Virginia Woolf (1882-1941). His books included “The Village in the Jungle," a novel based on his time in Sri Lanka (1904-1911). In 2006 Victoria Glendinning authored “Leonard Woolf: A Biography."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leonard_Woolf)(Econ, 9/16/06, p.93)

1969        Aug 15, The Woodstock Music and Art Fair opened in upstate New York. 400,000 young people gathered at Max Yasgur’s dairy farm in the Bethel hamlet of White Lake, N.Y. for the Woodstock music festival. Wavy Gravy (Hugh Romney) and companions from the Hog Farm Commune handled security and ran a free kitchen and "bad trips tent." The performers included Joan Baez; Crosby, Stills and Nash; Creedence Clearwater; the Grateful Dead; Jimi Hendrix; the Jefferson Airplane; Janis Joplin; Canned Heat and Ravi Shankar. The 1st group to perform was the band Sweetwater with lead singer Nansi Nevins.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1969)(SFC,5/17/96,p.E-1)(WSJ,10/22/96,p.A20)(SFEC,1/26/97, p.A14)(AP, 8/15/97)(SFC,10/27/97, p.C2)(SFC, 2/3/99, p.E1)(WSJ, 8/9/99, p.A16)

1969        Aug 16, Canned Heat performed "Let's Work Together" live Woodstock.
    (www.chromeoxide.com/canned.htm)

1969        Aug 17, Donald E. Wahlberg Jr., rocker (New Kids-Hangin' Tough), was born in Boston.
    (www.donniewahlberg.com/bio.htm)
1969        Aug 17, Hurricane Camille hit the Gulf Coast at Pass Christian, Miss., leaving 256 people killed in Louisiana and Mississippi. 21 people were killed in an apartment complex in Pass Christian, where they had taken refuge. Damage was later estimated at $3.8 billion.
    (AP, 8/17/97)(SFEC, 6/6/99, p.A17)(AP, 8/30/05)(Econ, 1/14/12, p.61)
1969        Aug 17, Mies van der Rohe (b.1886), German-born American architect, died. He founded the Int’l. Style and designed early steel-framed and glass-jacketed buildings. He coined the phrase: "Less is more."
    (SFC, 1/17/98, p.C5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ludwig_Mies_van_der_Rohe)

1969        Aug 18, Two concert goers died at the Woodstock Music and Art Fair in Bethel, New York, one from an overdose of heroin, the other from a burst appendix. The Woodstock Music and Art Fair ended in Sullivan County, NY, with a mid-morning set performed by Jimi Hendrix. 
    (HN, 8/18/99)(AP, 8/18/07)

1969        Aug 19, Miles Davis and associates began a 3-day session recording the album "Bitches Brew" with Tony Williams on drums at Columbia's 30th Street Studio. Other players included Joe Zawinul, Wayne Shorter, Airto Moreira, Herbie Hancock, Bennie Maupin, John McLaughlin, Billy Cobham, Chick Corea and Lenny White. The album was released in the spring of 1970 and became a commercial success.
    (SFEC, 7/27/97, DB p.40)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bitches_Brew)

1969        Aug 20, Arlo Guthrie released "Alice's Restaurant."
    (www.imdb.com/title/tt0064002/)

1969         Aug 26, Donald “Shorty" Shea (b.1933), a Hollywood stuntman, was murdered about this time. The location of his body was not discovered until 1977. Manson family leader Charles Manson and family members Tex Watson, Steve Grogan aka Clem and Bruce Davis were eventually convicted of murdering Shea.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_%22Shorty%22_Shea)

1969        Aug 28, In Quang Nam province of Vietnam Corporal Jose Francisco Jimenez died of wounds after leading an attack that took out an antiaircraft weapon and an entrenchment of automatic weapons fire.
    (WSJ, 11/11/96, p.A14)

1969        Aug 31, Andrew Phillip Cunanan, serial killer, was born. His victims included fashion designer Gianni Versache.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andrew_Cunanan)
1969        Aug 31, Boxer Rocky Marciano died in a light airplane crash in Iowa, the day before his 46th birthday.
    (AP, 8/31/97)

1969        Sep 1, There was a race riot in Hartford, Connecticut.
    (http://tinyurl.com/6qb7y4)
1969        Sep 1, John Lennon returned his OBE (Officer of the British Empire) medal. He said it is to protest the British government’s involvement in Biafra, its support of the US in Vietnam and the poor chart performance of his latest single, “Cold Turkey."
    (www.rockhall.com/inductee/john-lennon)
1969        Sep 1, A coup in Libya overthrew the monarchy of King Idris and brought Moammar Gadhafi (27) to power. Gadhafi emerged as leader of the revolutionary government and ordered the closure of a U.S. Air Force base.
    (AP, 9/1/99)(SFEC, 4/9/00, p.C12)(AP, 12/30/03)
1969        Sep 1, Drew Pearson (b.1897), Washington Post columnist and newscaster, died.
    (www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USApearsonD.htm)

1969        Sep 2, The first Internet message was a packet switch delivered to UCLA from BBN Corp. (Bolt Beranek and Newman). The 1st 2 machines of ARPANET were connected at Prof. Len Kleinrock's lab at UCLA. The US Dept. of Defense’s Advanced Research and Projects Agency (ARPANET) launched a self-healing computer network with TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol). By the early 1980’s the military component became a separate network and the true birth of today’s Internet is marked. By 2007 some university researchers with the federal government's blessing want to scrap the Internet and start over.
    (http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20070414/ap_on_hi_te/rebuilding_the_internet_8)(SFEC, 3/16/97, z1 p.3)(SFC, 8/30/99, p.C10)(SFC, 9/3/99, p.C1)
1969        Sep 2, North Vietnamese president Ho Chi Minh died. The son of a poor scholar, Ho Chi Minh led the nationalist movement of his country for three decades. Ho Chi Minh became an active socialist while in France where he petitioned for colonial reforms following World War I. His involvement with the international communist movement continued into the 1920s, meeting and working with communist leaders in Europe and the newly formed Soviet Union. He formed the Indochinese Communist Party in 1930 and its successor, the Viet-Minh, in 1941, going on to serve as president of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam from 1945 until his death.
    (AP, 9/2/97)(www.time.com/time/time100/leaders/profile/hochiminh4.html)

1969        Sep 4, The US Food and Drug Administration issued a report calling birth control pills safe, despite a slight risk of fatal blood-clotting disorders linked to the pills.
    (AP, 9/4/99)
1969        Sep 4, In California Gov. Ronald Reagan signed the first no-fault divorce package into law, effective January 1, 1970.
    (SFEC, 7/6/97, Z1 p.6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/No-fault_divorce)
1969        Sep 4, In Brazil Fernando Gabeira helped kidnap the US ambassador in Rio, Charles Elbrick (d.1983), to protest the military dictatorship. Elbrick was released unhurt four days later, but Gabeira was banned from entering the US.
    (AP, 10/27/08)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Burke_Elbrick)

1969        Sep 6, "Cabaret" closed at Broadhurst Theater NYC after 1166 performances.
    (http://theatre-musical.com/cabaret/show.html)

1969        Sep 7, Senate Republican leader Everett McKinley Dirksen (b.1896) of Illinois, ("The Wizard of Ooze") died at 73 in Washington, D.C.
    (AP, 9/7/97)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Everett_Dirksen)

1969        Sep 9, Allegheny Flight 853 collided with Piper Cherokee above Indiana. 82 were killed.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Allegheny_Airlines_Flight_853)

1969        Sep 13, John Lennon and his wife, Yoko Ono, presented the Plastic Ono Band in concert for the first time at the Toronto Peace Festival (Lennon's first in four years). The 1st hit by the new group, "Give Peace a Chance", made it to number 14 on the charts.
    (www.musicdirect.com/product/83704)

1969        Sep 14, Males of Swiss canton Schaffhausen rejected female suffrage.
    (www.keesings.com/search?kssp_a_id=23580n02swi&kssp_selected_tab=article)

1969        Sep 16, President Nixon ordered the withdrawal of 35,000 soldiers from Vietnam and reduced the number required to be drafted.
    (www.vfwpost7591.org/vietnam_war.htm)

1969        Sep 22, Willie Mays of the San Francisco Giants became the first baseball player since Babe Ruth to hit 600 home runs.
    (HN, 9/22/98)
1969        Sep 22, Susan Nason (8) of Foster City, Ca., was bludgeoned to death. Her body was found 2 months later near Crystal Springs. In Dec 1989 Nason's neighbor and schoolmate, Eileen Franklin-Lipsker, told police that she suddenly remembered seeing her father batter her friend and hide the body. In 1990 George Franklin was convicted in the first case to use recovered-memory testimony. Franklin was released after 6 1/2 years when a federal judge ruled a mistrial. DNA evidence showed Franklin was not responsible.
    (SFC, 2/4/00, p.A21)(SSFC, 2/8/04, p.A28)(http://tinyurl.com/9hl2at)
1969          Sep 22, Aleksandras Stulginskis (b.1885), the 2nd president of Lithuania, died in Kaunas.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aleksandras_Stulginskis)

1969        Sep 23, The 1st broadcast of "Marcus Welby MD" on ABC-TV. The drama with Robert Young continued to 1976.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marcus_Welby,_M.D.)

1969        Sep 24, The trial of the "Chicago Eight" (later seven) began. Demonstrations began outside the court house, with the "Weatherman" group proclaiming the "Days of Rage" in protest of the trial. The Chicago Eight staged demonstrations at the Democratic National Convention in Chicago to protest the Vietnam War and its support by the top Democratic presidential candidate, Vice President Hubert Humphrey. These anti-Vietnam War protests were some of the most violent in American history as the police and national guardsmen beat antiwar protesters, innocent bystanders and members of the press. Five defendants (Tom Hayden, Abbie Hoffman, Jerry Rubin, David Dellinger, Rennie Davis) were convicted of crossing state lines to incite riots at the 1968 Democratic national convention; the convictions were ultimately overturned. In 1970 Harold Jacobs authored "Weatherman." In 2004 Jeremy Varon authored "Bringing the War Home: The Weather Underground, the Red Army Faction and Revolutionary Violence in the Sixties and Seventies."
    (AP, 9/24/99)(SFEC, 11/7/99, p.A5)

1969        Sep 26, The family comedy series "The Brady Bunch" premiered on ABC-TV and continued to 1974. The show was created by Sherwood Schwartz (1916-2011). Ann B. Davis (1926-2014) played housekeeper Alice Nelson.
    (AP, 9/26/99)(SFC, 7/13/11, p.C4)(SFC, 6/2/14, p.C3)
1969        Sep 26, The Beatles last album, "Abbey Road," was released in the United Kingdom. The last hit LP for the "fab four" zoomed quickly to the #1 spot on the charts and stayed there for 11 weeks.
    (www.johnlennon.com/html/history.aspx)(HN, 9/26/99)(Beat. For., 1995, p. 58)

1969        Sep 27, The California Zodiac killer pulled a gun on two teenagers at Lake Berryessa. He stabbed them repeatedly and killed the girl.
    (SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W20)

1969        Sep 28, The Murchison Meteorite crashed into Australia. It was found to contain amino acids and frozen ice.
    (TMP, KCTS-Video, 1987)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Murchison_meteorite)

1969        Sep 30, In North Carolina a tax on soft drinks went into effect. A soft drink excise tax is hereby levied and imposed on and after midnight, September 30, 1969, upon the sale, use, handling and distribution of all soft drinks, soft drink syrups and powders, base products and other items referred to in this section. An excise tax of one cent (1¢) is levied on each bottled soft drink.
    (http://tinyurl.com/kp2saa)
1969        Sep 30, Nazi war criminals Albert Speer, the German minister of armaments, and Baldur von Schirach, the founder of the Hitler Youth, were freed at midnight from Spandau prison after serving twenty-year prison sentences. In 2002 Joachim Fest authored the biography: "Speer: The final Verdict."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albert_Speer)(SSFC, 10/6/02, p.M3)

1969        Sep, Marvel Comics introduced Falcon, the first African-American superhero, in an issue of its Captain America comics. In 2014 Sam “The Falcon" Wilson took over as the new patriotic avenger Captain America.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Falcon_(comics))(SFC, 7/18/14, p.D4)
1969        Sep, Susan Nason (8) of Foster City, Ca., was bludgeoned to death. Her body was found 2 months later near Crystal Springs. In Dec 1989 Nason's neighbor and schoolmate, Eileen Franklin-Lipsker, told police that she suddenly remembered seeing her father batter her friend and hide the body. In 1990 George Franklin was convicted in the first case to use recovered-memory testimony. Franklin was released after 6 1/2 years when a federal judge ruled a mistrial. DNA evidence showed Franklin was not responsible.
    (SFC, 2/4/00, p.A21)(SSFC, 2/8/04, p.A28)

1969        Oct 1, The Channel Islands of Guernsey & Jersey begin issuing their own postage stamps.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Regional_postage_in_Great_Britain)
1969        Oct 1, The prototype Concorde 001, designed by the British and French, broke the sound barrier during a test flight. Commercial service began in 1976.
    (WSJ, 7/26/00, p.B1)(www.concordesst.com/history/events/events1.html)

1969        Oct 5, Monty Python's Flying Circus made its debut on BBC Television. It ran on British TV until 1974.
    (WSJ, 6/16/98, p.A17)(AP, 10/5/98)
1969        Oct 5, Lieutenant Eduardo Guerra Jimenez, a Cuban defector, entered US air space undetected and landed his Soviet-made MiG-17 at Homestead Air Force Base near Miami, Florida, where the presidential aircraft Air Force One was waiting to return President Richard M. Nixon to DC.
    (www.missilesofkeywest.bravepages.com/penetrated.htm)

1969        Oct 6, Special Forces Captain John McCarthy was released from Fort Leavenworth Penitentiary, pending consideration of his appeal to murder charges. A 1968 court-martial had concluded that McCarthy had murdered a Cambodian peasant.
    (www.fromthewilderness.com/free/hall/Mac.html)

1969        Oct 9, Matsutaro Shoriki (b.1885), Japanese media mogul, died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Matsutar%C5%8D_Sh%C5%8Driki)(Econ, 12/22/12, p.62)

1969        Oct 11, The Zodiac killer shot and killed SF cab driver Paul Stine (29) at Cherry and Washington in Presidio Heights. This was his last known murder. His last authenticated communication was in 1974.
    (SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W20)(SFC, 10/2/00, p.A19)

1969        Oct 12, Nancy Ann Kerrigan, figure skater, was born in Woburn, Mass. In 1994 she won an Olympics silver medal.
    (www.imdb.com/name/nm0449872/bio)
1969        Oct 12, Sonja Henie (b.1912), Norwegian ice skater  (Olympic-gold-1928,32,36) and film star, died of leukemia on a flight from Paris to Oslo. Henie's career included a record 10 consecutive world championships.
    (SSFC, 10/5/03, Par p.2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sonja_Henie)
1969        Oct 12, Serge Poliakoff (b.1900), Russian-born French modernist painter, died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Serge_Poliakoff)

1969        Oct 13-1969 Oct 25, Pres. Nixon ordered a worldwide "secret" nuclear alert to scare the Soviets into forcing concessions from North Vietnam. Nixon called that tactic a "madman strategy," and it did not work.
    (SFC, 12/25/02, p.A7)

1969        Oct 15, Peace demonstrators staged activities across the US, including a candlelight march around the White House, as part Vietnam Moratorium Day.
    (AP, 10/15/97)(TMC, 1994, p.1969)
1969        Oct 15, The $100-million, 52-story Bank of America World Headquarters at 555 California St. in SF, was dedicated. In 1985 it was sold to Walter Shorenstein for $660 million. In 2005 a Hong Kong group offered $1.05 billion.
    (http://continuumacg.net/moody2.html)(SFC, 9/23/05, p.C1)

1969        Oct 16, The New York Mets capped a miraculous season, winning the World Series in Game 5, a 5-3 victory over the Baltimore Orioles.
    (AP, 10/16/99)

1969        Oct 18, The US federal government banned artificial sweeteners known as cyclamates because of evidence they caused cancer in laboratory rats.
    (AP, 10/18/97)
1969        Oct 18, The painting "Nativity" by Caravaggio was stolen from the Oratory of San Lorenzo in Palermo, Sicily. Peter Watson, English novelist, later wrote "The Caravaggio Conspiracy," an account of his 1981-1982 attempt to recover the work.
    (www.guardian.co.uk/artanddesign/2008/dec/22/caravaggio-art-mafia-italy)(WSJ, 12/11/96, p.A20)

1969        Oct 19, US Vice President Spiro Agnew referred to anti-Vietnam War protesters as “an effete corps of impudent snobs."
    (www.ieatgravel.com/?p=1396)

1969        Oct 21, Picasso painted "Painter and Infant," an allegory of artistic transmission from one generation to the next.
    (SFC, 7/17/01, p.A16)
1969        Oct 21, The play "Butterflies are Free," premiered in NYC at the Booth Theater. It was written by Leonard Gershe (d.2002).  It closed in 1972 after 1128 performances. Director Milton Katselas (1933-2008) then directed a film version.
    (SFC, 3/23/02, p.A27)(www.ibdb.com/production.php?id=3299)(SFC, 11/4/08, p.B5)
1969        Oct 21, Jack Kerouac (47), Beat Generation chronicler, died of alcoholism in St. Petersburg, Fla. He wrote "On the Road" (1957), "Desolation Angels," "Vanity of Duluoz," and "Dharma Bums." Japhy Ryder the Zen hobo-poet in the book was modeled after poet Gary Snyder. In 1979 Dennis McNally authored the biography "Desolate Angel." In 1998 Ellis Amburn published "Subterranean Kerouac: The Hidden Life of Jack Kerouac." In 1999 Barry Miles published "Jack Kerouac, King of the Beats: A Portrait." In 2004 Douglas Brinkley edited “Windblown World: The Journals of Jack Kerouac."
    (SFC, 6/7/96, p.A22)(SFC, 9/1/96, DB p.30)(SFEC, 5/31/98, p.A17)(SFEC, 8/9/98, BR 9 p.3)(SFEC, 1/17/99, BR p.3)(SSFC, 8/11/02, p.M1)(SSFC, 10/17/04, p.M1)
1969        Oct 21, In Somalia Marxist dictator Maj. Gen. Mohamed Siad Barre (1919-1995) staged a coup and threw PM Mohamed Ibrahim Egal in jail, where he spent 12 years.
    (SFC, 8/16/96, p.A18)(SFEC, 8/31/97, Par p.16)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siad_Barre)

1969        Oct 22, Giovanni Martinelli (b.1885), Italian-American opera singer (NY Met), died on his 84th birthday.
    (www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=6001544)

1969        Oct 29, The US Supreme Court ordered immediate desegregation, superseding the previous "with all deliberate speed" ruling.
    (HN, 10/29/98)
1969        Oct 29, Researchers sent the first inter-node message between two sites on ARPAnet. The first e-mail message crossed the Arpanet as a team under Professor Leonard Kleinrock of UCLA communicated with a team under Douglas Englebart at Stanford. The US Dept. of Defense’s Advanced Research and Projects Agency (ARPANET) launched a self-healing computer network with TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol) [see Sep 2].
    (http://tinyurl.com/lpq766)(WSJ, 1/14/99, p.A1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ARPANET)

1969        Oct, The Nobel prize in Literature was awarded to Irish writer Samuel Beckett (1906-1989). He learned of the award while on holiday in Tunisia and avoided the ceremony.
    (WSJ, 7/11/97, p.A12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samuel_Beckett)
1969        Oct, Economists Jan Timbergen (1903-1994) of the Netherlands and Ragnar Frisch of Norway were awarded the first Nobel Prize in Economics for having developed and applied dynamic models for the analysis of economic processes. Tinbergen was a founding trustee of Economists for Peace and Security.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jan_Tinbergen)

1969        Nov 3, Pres. Nixon elaborated his Nixon Doctrine in a televised speech. He stated that the US henceforth expected its Asian allies to take care of their own military defense. At the end of the speech, Nixon asked for the support of the "great silent majority" of Americans. This was the start of the "Vietnamization" of the Vietnam War. The Doctrine argued for the pursuit of peace through a partnership with American allies [see Jul 25, 1969].
    (www.watergate.info/nixon/silent-majority-speech-1969.shtml)
1969        Nov 3, The Arab League brokered a deal in Cairo that gave the PLO in Lebanon refugee camps freedom of government interference. They reached an agreement that effectively endorsed PLO freedom of action in Lebanon to recruit, arm, train, and employ fighters against Israel. The Lebanese Army protected their bases and supply lines.
    (www.palestinefacts.org/pf_1967to1991_lebanon_cairo_1969.php)(Econ, 6/2/07, p.46)

1969        Nov 4, Author Alexander Solzhenitsyn was expelled from Soviet Writers Union.
    (http://files.osa.ceu.hu/holdings/300/8/3/text/66-1-414.shtml)

1969        Nov 5, In Chicago Judge Hoffman ordered that the trial of Bobby Seale be separated from 7 others in the Chicago 8 trial. Seale, the founder of the Black Panther Party for Self-Defense and one of the Chicago Eight, was later sentenced to four years in prison on sixteen counts of contempt of court.
    (www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/Chicago7/chronology.html)(SFEC, 11/7/99, p.A5)
1969        Nov 5, Bolivia nationalized its energy sector a 2nd time. Marcelo Quiroga Santa Cruz, the Minister of Mines and Petroleum, nationalized the assets and concessions of the Gulf Oil Company, under the administration of General Alfredo Ovando Candia (1969-1970).
    (http://countrystudies.us/bolivia/60.htm)(http://tinyurl.com/blqnw7)

1969        Nov 9, A group of American Indians occupied Alcatraz Island. The story is told in the 1996 book "The Occupation of Alcatraz Island, Indian Self-Determination and the Rise of Indian Activism" by Troy R. Johnson.
    (SFC, 6/14/96, p. H2)(SFEC, 1/5/97, BR p.8)

1969        Nov 10, Sesame Street, a children’s show, premiered on the National Education Television network (NET), which later became PBS. Jim Henson, Jeffrey A. Moss (d.1998 at 56) and Joe Raposo were the among the creators. Moss created the Cookie Monster character and wrote such songs as "I Love Trash." Kermit Love (1916-2008) worked as the costume designer for the show. 
    (AP, 11/10/07)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sesame_Street)(SFC, 6/27/08, p.B9)
1969        Nov 10, The SF Chronicle received a letter from the Zodiac killer containing detailed plans for a "death machine" to blow up a school bus.
    (SFC, 10/2/00, p.A19)

1969        Nov 12, Free-lance reporter Seymour Hersh first broke the story of the Mar 16, 1968, massacre at My Lai. The US Army admitted to the massacre of civilians at My Lai and announced an investigation of Lt William Calley. The number of civilians who were killed numbered at least 100. Lt. Calley was later found guilty of murder, and sentenced to life imprisonment at hard labor. Calley was the only person ever charged in connection with the events at My Lai. The nation was shocked and divided by the claims from Calley that he was following orders and that he was a scapegoat. President Richard Nixon in 1971 ordered him released from prison and placed under house arrest, and finally a federal judge threw out all charges against Calley and ordered him freed. Although the charges were later re-instated on appeal, he served no more jail time for the massacre at My Lai.
    (WSJ, 10/22/96, p.A20)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/My_Lai_massacre)(SFEC, 4/23/00, p.A19)
1969        Nov 12, Liu Shaoqi (b.1898), former Chinese president (1959-1968), died after being tortured in prison.
    (AFP, 9/6/06)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liu_Shaoqi)

1969        Nov 13, Speaking in Des Moines, Iowa, Vice President Spiro T. Agnew accused network television news departments of bias and distortion, and urged viewers to lodge complaints.
    (AP, 11/13/97)

1969        Nov 14, The United States launched Apollo 12 for the moon from Cape Kennedy.
    (AP, 11/14/97)(HN, 11/14/98)

1969        Nov 15, A quarter of a million protesters staged a peaceful demonstration in Washington, D.C., against the Vietnam War.
    (AP, 11/15/97)(HN, 11/15/98)
1969        Nov 15, Wendy's Hamburgers, begun by Dave Thomas, opened in Ohio. In 2008 the chain was sold to Triarc Cos., owner of the Arby’s roast beef sandwich restaurant chain.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wendy's)(SFC, 4/25/08, p.D3)

1969        Nov 18, Financier Joseph Kennedy (b.1888), patriarch of the Kennedy family, died at Hyannis Port, Mass. He had served as the first chairman of the SEC (1934-1935) and as the US ambassador to the United Kingdom (1938-1940). In 2012 David Nasaw authored “The Patriarch: The Remarkable Life and Turbulent Times of Joseph P. Kennedy."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_P._Kennedy,_Sr.)(SSFC, 12/9/12, p.E2)

1969        Nov 19, Apollo 12 astronauts Charles Conrad and Alan Bean made man's second landing on the moon. The second manned craft to land on the moon was the lunar module Intrepid. It landed on the lunar surface at 1:54 a.m. Intrepid landed 500 feet from the Surveyor 3 spacecraft. It spent 31 hours on the moon and docked with command module Yankee Clipper on November 20 and splashed down in the Pacific on November 24.
    (AP, 11/19/97)(HN, 11/19/98)(HNQ, 7/19/99)

1969        Nov 20, The Nixon administration announced a halt to residential use of the pesticide DDT as part of a total phase-out.
    (AP, 11/20/97)
1969        Nov 20, A group of 80 Native Americans, all college students, seized Alcatraz Island in the name of "Indians of All Tribes." The occupation lasted 19 months. They offered $24 in beads and cloth to buy the island, demanded an American Indian Univ., museum and cultural center, and listed reasons why the island was a suitable Indian reservation.
    (SFEC, 3/8/98, p.W38)

1969        Nov 21, The Senate voted down the nomination of Clement F. Haynsworth to the Supreme Court, the first time since 1930 that a candidate for the nation's highest court was rejected.
    (AP, 11/21/97)

1969        Nov 22, Jonathan Beckwith and others of Harvard Univ. announced the isolation of a single gene of E. coli.
    (http://content.nejm.org/cgi/content/extract/359/18/1970)

1969        Nov 24, Gen. William Westmoreland assigned Lt. Gen. William R. Peers to investigate the My Lai incident (March 16, 1968).
    (www.choices.web.aplus.net/guidebooks/WAV/calley.pdf)
1969        Nov 24, Apollo 12 splashed down safely in the Pacific, ending the second manned mission to the moon.
    (AP, 11/24/97)

1969        Nov 25, Pres. Nixon announced an unconditional renunciation of biological weapons.
    (SFC, 2/19/00, p.A14)(http://tinyurl.com/9yy6bc)

1969        Nov 26, Lottery for Selective Service draftees bill was signed by President Nixon.
    (MC, 11/26/01)

1969        Nov 28, The Rolling Stones, English rock band, released its "Let It Bleed" album.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Let_It_Bleed)

1969        Nov, Interview magazine was founded by artist Andy Warhol and Gerard Malanga. It was dedicated to the cult of celebrity which fascinated Warhol, and featured cutting-edge graphics and interviews of celebrities.
    (www.warholstars.org/chron/1969.html)(http://tinyurl.com/ybcdjtd)

1969        Dec 1, The U.S. government held its first draft lottery since World War II in 1942.
    (AP, 12/1/97)(HN, 12/1/98)
1969        Dec 1, On the initiative of the French President, Georges Pompidou, the Heads of State or Government of 6 European countries met in The Hague in order to define the methods of reviving the European integration process. The Hague Summit was held to establish the goal of European monetary union.
    (WSJ, 3/25/98, p.A22)(www.ena.lu/hague_summit_december_1969-022500027.html)

1969        Dec 2, Kliment J. Voroshilov (b.1881), president USSR (1953-60), died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kliment_Voroshilov)

1969        Dec 3, Andrew Lloyd Weber and Tim Rice offered John Lennon the role of Jesus Christ in Jesus Christ Superstar, but the offer was withdrawn the next day.
    (http://tinyurl.com/7bvup8)(http://oldies.about.com/od/oldieshistory/a/december3.htm)

1969        Dec 4, In Chicago police stormed an apartment on the West Side and killed 2 Black Panthers, Fred Hampton and Mark Clark. Panther defense minister Bobby Rush had left the site just hours earlier.
    (SFC, 12/15/99, p.AA4)

1969        Dec 6, The Rolling Stones staged a rock concert at the Altamount Speedway in Livermore, Ca. for some 300,000 fans. The Stones hired the Hells Angels for security. Fans were beaten and one person, Meredith Hunter, was stamped and stabbed to death by a Hell's Angel during the show. Alan Passaro (21) was tried and found not guilty because Hunter was carrying a gun. One man drowned in a nearby canal and2 people were crushed to death by a runaway car. The 1970 documentary film “Gimme Shelter" was about the Rolling Stones concert at Altamount.
    (SFEC, 5/23/99, Z1 p.4)(AP, 12/6/99)(SFC, 6/10/00, p.B5)(SFC, 5/26/05, p.B2)

1969        Dec 7, Lefty O’Doul (b.1897), American Major League Baseball player, died. He became an extraordinarily successful manager in the minor leagues, and also a vital figure in the establishment of professional baseball in Japan. One of his outstanding accomplishments while managing the SF Seals was developing the young Joe DiMaggio, who went on to a Hall of Fame career with the New York Yankees. His fame and popularity lived on in his hometown of San Francisco. Lefty O'Doul's Restaurant and Cocktail Lounge on Geary Boulevard, the popular restaurant and bar he founded still operates. A bridge over McCovey Cove, near the Giants' home field of AT&T Park, is named the Lefty O'Doul Bridge in his honor.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lefty_O%27Doul)

1969        Dec 8, The Los Angeles Police made a surprise attack on Black-Panthers. At two separate locations, 400 officers arrested Party members and children. During one shoot-out, Roland Freeman's body was riddled with bullets, but he survived.
    (www.itsabouttimebpp.com/Chapter_History/BPP_Pieces_of_History.html)

1969        Dec 12, PanAm signed for the first delivery of the new Boeing 747-100. Commercial service began Jan 21, 1970.
    (Econ, 11/4/06, p.21)(http://tinyurl.com/ye3vwv)

1969        Dec 13, Raymond A. Spruance (b.1886), US Admiral, died. He directed US Naval forces at the WWII Battle of Midway (1942) and the Battle of the Philippine Sea (1944).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raymond_A._Spruance)

1969        Dec 14, The Jackson 5 appeared on the Ed Sullivan Show. Michael Jackson was 11.
    (SFC, 6/14/05, p.D6)

1969        Dec 15, President Nixon announced the third round of Vietnam withdrawals.
    (http://tinyurl.com/pxh9vu)

1969        Dec 17, An estimated 50 million TV viewers watched singer Tiny Tim marry his fiancée, Miss Vicky, on NBC's "Tonight Show" with Johnny Carson.
    (AP, 12/17/99)
1969        Dec 17, The U.S. Air Force closed its Project "Blue Book" by finding no evidence of extraterrestrial spaceships behind thousands of UFO sightings. It had begun in 1948 as Project Sign.
    (AP, 12/17/97)(HNQ, 5/30/00)

1969        Dec 18, Britain's Parliament abolished the death penalty for murder.
    (AP, 12/18/97)

1969        Dec 20, Peter, Paul & Mary's "Leaving on a Jet Plane" reached #1. It was written by John Denver in 1967.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leaving_on_a_Jet_Plane)

1969        Dec 21, Diana Ross and the Supremes make their final television appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show, singing "Someday We'll Be Together", which would be the last of their 12 number one singles.
    (http://forums.w3oc.com/showthread.php?p=1967)
1969        Dec 21, Vince Lombardi (1913-1970), head coach of the Washington Redskins, coached his last football game and lost.
    (www.pro-football-reference.com/teams/was/1969.htm)

1969        Dec 23, US Congress restored the Fed use of credit controls with the Credit Control Act.
    (Econ, 6/1/13, p.75)(http://tinyurl.com/m9zk3db)

1969        Dec 28, Neil Simon's "Last of the Red Hot Lovers," premiered in NYC.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Last_of_the_Red_Hot_Lovers)

1969        Dec 30, Pres. Nixon signed the Tax Reform Act of 1969. The US Congress had enacted legislation that created a minimum tax (later known as the Alternative Minimum Tax, AMT) after the IRS revealed that about 155 high-income households had paid no tax in 1966. It was part of the Tax Reform Act of 1969 and became operative in 1970. The AMT was designed to make sure everyone pays some tax.
    (www.worldcat.org/wcpa/top3mset/79655)(www.house.gov/jec/tax/amt.htm)(SFC, 12/14/05, p.A1)
1969        Dec 30, The US Federal Aviation Administration certified the Boeing 747-100 for commercial service.
    (www.boeing.com/commercial/747family/pf/pf_milestones.html)
1969        Dec 30, In the Philippines Ferdinand Marcos (1917-1989) won an unprecedented second term as president.
    (http://philippines-archipelago.com/history/marcos_regime.html)

1969        Dec 31, In Clarksville, Pa., Joseph Yablonski was murdered with his wife and daughter. Yablonski had lost an election for the presidency of the United Mine Workers 3 weeks earlier. [see Jan 5, 1970]
    (SFC, 11/8/99, p.C2)
1969        Dec 31, Salvatore Baccaloni (b.1900), Italian opera basso buffa and actor, died in NYC. His films included “Full of Life" (1957).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salvatore_Baccaloni)

1969        Dec, The world premier of "Requiem for a Young Poet" by Bernd Alois Zimmermann (1918-1970) was conducted by Michael Gielen in Dusseldorf. Zimmermann committed suicide 9 moths later.
    (WSJ, 4/20/99, A20)(http://tinyurl.com/9eknvf)
1969        Dec, A US recession began. It lasted to November 1970.
    (WSJ, 7/22/98, p.A12)(http://biz.yahoo.com/investopedia/081215/4566.html?.v=1)
1969        Dec, In New Jersey the boiling water Oyster Creek nuclear power plant was completed. It used water from two rivers in a system of once-through cooling that discharges slightly warmer water into canal connected to Barnegat Bay, New Jersey.
    (www.world-nuclear-news.org/RS_Early_closure_for_Oyster_Creek_0912101.html)
1969        Dec, The modern Irish Republican Army was founded in Belfast with the aim of forcing Northern Ireland out of the United Kingdom. The modern “provisional wing of the IRA" was founded with Joe Cahill (1920-2004) as the 1st Belfast commander. The original IRA was founded in 1919.
    (SFC, 7/26/04, p.B4)(AP, 7/29/05)

1969        Fernando Botero (b.1932), surrealist Colombian painter, created "The Butcher's Table," a pig's head laughing at his own slaughter.
    (WSJ, 3/17/00, p.W12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fernando_Botero)
1969        Artists Douglas Huebler (1924-1997), Robert Barry (b.1936) and Lawrence Weiner (b.1942) held an exhibition in NYC that was credited by a critic in 1971 as originating the conceptual art movement. This was an emphasis on art as an idea rather than an object in a reaction to the pop and op art of the 1960s.
    (SFC, 7/15/97, p.A18)
1969        Robert Rauschenberg (1925-2008) created his "Carnal Clock" series of collages.
    (WSJ, 9/25/97, p.A20)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Rauschenberg)
1969        Artist Sol LeWitt (1928-2007) wrote his seminal article "Sentences on Conceptual Art" and stated that "Ideas can be works of art."
    (SFC, 1/29/98, p.C5)
1969        London artists Gilbert Proesch and George Passmore wrote their four “Laws of Sculptors." They later became known simply as Gilbert and George.
    (SFC, 2/16/08, p.E1)

1969        Robert H. Boyle wrote: "The Hudson River: A Natural and Unnatural History."
    (Nat. Hist, 3/96, p.5)

1969        Vine Deloria Jr. (1933-2005), Sioux scholar, authored “Custer Died for Your Sins." His work galvanized social and institutional changes involving native Americans.
    (SFC, 11/15/05, p.B4)

1969        Joan Erikson (1902-1997), psychologist, wrote "The Universal Bead."
    (SFC, 8/9/97, p.A19)(www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9990822?dopt=Abstract)

1969        George MacDonald Fraser (1925-2008), British writer, authored the novel “Flashman," the 1st in a series celebrating the adventures of Sir Harry Paget Flashman. Brigadier-General Sir Harry Paget Flashman is a fictional character originally created by the author Thomas Hughes in his semi-autobiographical work Tom Brown's Schooldays, first published in 1857. In this book, set at Rugby School, Flashman is the notorious bully, who persecutes its eponymous hero Tom Brown.
    (WSJ, 11/5/05, p.P8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harry_Paget_Flashman)

1969        Buckminster Fuller (1895-1983), American architect and futurist, authored his "Operating Manual for Spaceship Earth."
    (Wired, 9/96, p.34)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buckminster_Fuller)

1969        Frances (b.1915) and Joseph Gies (1916-2006) wrote "Life in a Medieval City."
    (MT, Fall ‘96, p.7)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frances_Gies_and_Joseph_Gies)

1969        Peter V. Glob (1911-1985), Danish archeologist, authored "The Bog People: Iron Age Man Preserved."
    (AM, 7/97, p.62)(www.nationmaster.com/encyclopedia/Peter-Glob)

1969        Eric F. Goldman (1915-1989), American historian, authored "The Tragedy of Lyndon Johnson."
    (SFC, 6/2/00, p.D4)(http://wist.info/g/goldman_eric_f/)

1969        David Halberstam (1934-2007), American journalist, authored "The Best and the Brightest," a book about the men who managed the US war in Vietnam.
    (SFC, 2/15/03, p.A24)

1969        Grace Halsell (1923-2000) authored "Soul Sister: The Journal of a White Woman Who Turned Herself Black and Went to Live and Work in Harlem and Mississippi."
    (SFC, 8/18/00, p.D8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grace_Halsell)

1969        Alan Harrington (d.1997 at 79) published "The Immortalist." It was about a future utopia in which death has been conquered by technology.
    (SFC, 5/29/97, p.C4)

1969        Anton LaVey (1930-1997), American occultist, published his "Satanic Bible" in SF.
    (SFC,11/8/97, p.A22)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anton_LaVey)

1969        Elisabeth Kubler-Ross (d.1969) wrote "On Death and Dying." The book helped to launch the hospice movement in the US.
    (SFC, 5/31/97, p.A13)(AP, 8/25/04)

1969        Vera Brodsky Lawrence (1909-1996), pianist, editor and historian of American music, published "The Piano Music of Louis Moreau Gottschalk" (1829-1934) in 5 volumes.
    (SFC, 9/22/96, C12)(www.amrhome.net/contents/gotcmp.txt)

1969        Seymour Lubetzky (d.2002 at 104), former US Library of Congress cataloger and UCLA professor, published "Principles of Cataloging," which became a staple for library schools.
    (SFC, 4/17/03, p.A22)

1969        Marvin Minsky (b.1927), American cognitive scientist, and Seymour Papert (b.1928), computer scientist, published "Perceptrons: An Introduction to Computational Geometry." It was a mathematical proof that devices, as they existed, could never "learn" to recognize complex shapes and so could never become more than interesting toys.
    (Wired, 5/97, p.146)

1969        Kevin Phillips authored “The Emerging Republican Majority" in which he predicted that Republicans would dominate presidential elections for a little over 30 years thanks to the support of southern conservatives.
    (Econ, 6/14/14, p.22)

1969        Bernard Rudofsky (1905-1988), Austrian-born American writer, architect, laid out some practical guidelines to urban design in his book “Streets for People: A Primer for Americans."
    (SFCM, 8/1/04, p.25)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bernard_Rudofsky)

1969        D.W. Sciama (1926-1999) published his book "The Physical Foundations of General Relativity."
    (TNG, Klein, p.154)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dennis_William_Sciama)

1969        Prof. Edward Shils (1911-1995), Univ. of Chicago sociologist, published "Dreams of Plenitude, Nightmares of Scarcity" in which he compared the radicalism of the 1930s to that of the 1960s.
    (WSJ, 7/21/97, p.A22)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Shils)

1969        Herbert Stein (1916-1999) told the story of the Kennedy-Johnson tax cut in his book: "The Fiscal Revolution in America."
    (WSJ, 5/30/96, p.A14)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herbert_Stein)

1969        Gay Talese (b.1932) authored “The Kingdom and the Power," an inside story of the NY Times from the post war period through the 1960s.
    (WSJ, 1/21/06, p.P11)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gay_Talese)

1969        "The Andromeda Strain" by Michael Crichton (1942-2008) was published.
    (SFEC, 8/11/96, p.A5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_Crichton)

1969        Diane de Prima (b.1941) authored "Memoirs of a Beatnik."
    (SSFC, 4/22/01, BR p.5)(http://louisville.edu/library/uarc/diprima.html)

1969        Clifford Irving (b.1930), American writer, published "Fake," the story of Hungarian art forger Elmyr de Hory (1906-1976). The int'l. de Hory scam became public in 1967. Irving and De Hory were featured in the 1975 Orson Welles film "F" for Fake.
    (SFC, 7/29/99, p.E6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clifford_Irving)

1969        Leo Kanowitz (1926-2007), UC Hastings law professor, authored “Women and the Law: The Unfinished Revolution."
    (SFC, 1/1/08, p.A9)(http://tinyurl.com/7povpw)

1969        James Michener (1907-1997), American writer, authored "Presidential Lottery."
    (SFC,10/17/97, p.A17)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Michener)

1969        Mario Puzo (1920-1999) wrote his novel "The Godfather." It was made into a hit movie in 1972.
    (WSJ, 5/1/97, p.A16)

1969        Chauncey Starr (1912-2007), international proponent of nuclear power, authored his article “Social Benefits Versus Social Risks" in Science magazine. This ostensibly launched the scientific field of risk analysis.
    (SFC, 4/21/07, p.B5)

1969        Kurt Vonnegut (1922-2007) authored "Slaughterhouse-Five." It was set in Dresden, Germany, during the allied bombing of the city on Feb 13, 1945. He also wrote "Mother Night" (1961) which was made into a film in 1996.
    (WSJ, 10/22/96, p.A20)(WSJ, 11/1/96, p.A11)

1969        Della Reese (b.1931) hosted her talk show "Della" for one season on TV.
    (SFEC,1/19/97, Par p.22)(www.imdb.com/title/tt0063892/)

1969        "Hee-Haw," a syndicated TV show, debuted. It satirized country life with a mixture of music and comedy.
    (AP, 1/10/09)

1969        George Vicas (d.1997 at 71) produced a TV film for NBC on Artur Rubinstein. Vicas won an Emmy for this documentary.
    (SFC,10/29/97, p.A21)(http://tinyurl.com/8lvxqq)

1969        Toshiko Akiyoshi (b.1929), jazz pianist and composer, married saxophonist Lou Tabackin.
    (SFEM, 10/5/97, p.16)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toshiko_Akiyoshi)

1969        Captain Beefheart (aka Don Van Vliet, b.1941) and His Magic Band recorded "Trout Mask Replica." In 1999 a 5-CD Beefheart set was released by Revenant Records. In 1999 Bill Harkleroad published: "Lunar Notes: Zoot Horn Rollo's Captain Beefheart Experience." In 2002 Mike Barnes authored "Captain Beefheart: The Biography."
    (SFEC, 6/6/99, DB p.46)(SSFC, 3/17/02, p.M3)

1969        Luciano Berio (1925-2003), Italian composer, composed his 10-minute imagistic piano duet "Memory." "The piece is punctuated at unpredictable intervals with jarring discords."
    (SFC, 11/1/96, p.C13)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luciano_Berio)

1969        Dave Brubeck (b.1920) composed "The Gates of Justice," a 45-minute oratorio for chorus, tenor, bass-baritone, brass, percussion and jazz trio.
    (SFEC, 4/6/97, DB p.33)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dave_Brubeck)

1969        Credence Clearwater Revival put out its "Willy and the Poorboys" LP. The cover featured a photo of the band in front of the Duck Kee Market in Oakland. Creedence had a hit this year with "Oh! Lord, I'm stuck in Lodi again.
    (SFC, 9/12/98, p.A19)(WSJ, 7/21/99, p.CA1)

1969        Placido Domingo made his SF Opera debut in "La Boheme."
    (SFEC, 8/17/97, DB p.45)

1969        The Flying Burrito Brothers released their first album. The group included Gram Parsons (1946-1973) and Chris Hillman (b.1944) of the Byrds, and pedal steel guitar player Pete Kleinow (1934-2007).
    (SFC, 1/16/07, p.B5)

1969        Merle Haggard (b.1937) made a hit with his song "Okie From Muskogee" and "The Fightin’ Side of Me."
    (SSFC, 12/10/00, Par p.7)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Merle_Haggard)

1969        The Iron Butterfly rock group scored a hit with the 17-minute tune "In-A-Gadda-Da-Vida."
    (SFC, 5/31/99, p.A20)

1969        The group It's A Beautiful Day recorded "White Bird."
    (SFEC, 12/19/99, DB p.41)

1969        Kenny Rogers (b.1938) made a hit with his song "Don’t Take Your Love to Town."
    (SSFC, 5/20/01, Par p.22)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kenny_Rogers)

1969        Oliver, born as William Oliver Swofford (1945-2000), recorded the hits "Jean" and "Good Morning Starshine."
    (SFC, 2/16/00, p.C2)(www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=20124)

1969        The album “The Stooges" spent 11 weeks on the Billboard album chart peaking at No. 106. It included the song “I Wanna Be Your Dog," which became the group’s signature number. The punk band formed in Michigan in 1967 and included guitarist Ron Asheton (1948-2009), drummer Scott Asheton, singer Iggy Pop (born as Jim Osterberg) and bassist Dave Alexander. In 2007 Paul Trynka authored “Iggy Pop: Open Up and Bleed."
    (SFC, 1/8/09, p.B5)

1969        Warner Bros. released the Bernie Krause album "In a Wild Sanctuary." It was an album of nature oriented sounds. In 1999 Krause authored "Into a Wild Sanctuary: A Life in Music and Natural Sound."
    (SFEC, 5/16/99, BR p.4)

1969         San Francisco guitarist Carlos Santana (b.1947) and his band recorded their first album featuring such tunes as "Evil Ways." Other members included Jose Chepito Areas (percussionist), Michael Carrabello (percussionist), David Brown (bassist), Gregg Rolie (keyboardist) and Michael Shrieve (drums). The band was inducted in the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1998.
    (SFC, 1/12/98, p.E1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carlos_Santana)

1969        Shel Silverstein (1930-1999) wrote the song "A Boy Named Sue," which became a hit for Johnny Cash. Silverstein, a playwright and cartoonist, established himself as a children's writer and published the classic "The Giving Tree" in 1964.
    (SFC, 5/11/99, p.A19)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shel_Silverstein)

1969        Skip Spence (1946-1999), the original drummer for the Jefferson Airplane and founding guitarist-member of Moby Grape, recorded his folk-psychedelic solo album, "Oar." He gave the Bay Area band, Pud, a new name - the Doobie Brothers. He recorded the "Oar" album fresh from involuntary commitment at New York's Bellevue Hosp. In 1999 the album "More Oar - A Tribute to the Skip Spence Album" was released.
    (SFC, 4/17/99, p.A19)(WSJ, 9/20/99, p.A26)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Skip_Spence)

1969        Dusty Springfield (d.1999), English pop singer, recorded her album "Dusty in Memphis."
    (SFC, 3/4/99, p.D2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dusty_Springfield)

1969        Rod Stewart (b.1945), English singer, made his solo debut with "The Rod Stewart Album."
    (USAT, 3/24/99, p.5E)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rod_Stewart)

1969        Sir Michael Tippett, British composer, premiered his 3rd opera "The Knot Garden" based on a love scene between two men.
    (SFC, 1/10/98, p.A19)

1969        Tony Williams (1945-1997), American jazz drummer, left Miles Davis and helped form the Jazz-rock fusion trio Lifetime with guitarist John McLaughlin and organist Larry Young.
    (SFC, 2/25/97, p.B2)(www.jazzhouse.org/gone/lastpost2.php3?edit=920671037)

1969        Neil Young (b.1945, Canadian singer and songwriter, produced his solo album with the title track "Everybody Knows This Is Nowhere."
    (WSJ, 4/28/99, p.A16)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neil_Young)

1969        Frank Zappa recorded a song entitled "Electric Aunt Jemima" on his album Uncle Meat.
    (www.tranglos.com/marek/yes/tr_146.html)

1969        In Fremont, New Hampshire, Austin Wiggin led his 3 daughters, named The Shaggs, to record "Philosophy of the World." The recording became an underground legend and in 1999 RCA Victor released a CD version. Writer Irwin Chusid devoted a chapter to the group in his 1999 book "Songs in the Key of Z."
    (WSJ, 3/2/99, p.A17)(http://tinyurl.com/7v9tqa)

1969        The Roman Rite of the Catholic Mass was replaced by the Novus Ordo Missae, whereby the Latin liturgy was replaced by the native language of the individual congregations.
    (WSJ, 5/5/97, p.A19)

1969        Henry L. Beach, a retired dry cleaner and one-time member of the Silver Shirts, a Nazi-inspired organization that was established in the US, founded his anti-tax Posse Comitatus movement. The Posse Comitatus received widespread media attention in 1983 when a former member of the group, Gordon Kahl, was involved in a violent standoff with law enforcement officers in North Dakota and Arkansas.
    (SFC, 6/16/96, p.A4)(Wired, 8/96, p.88)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gordon_Kahl)

1969        Bob Guccione and his wife Kathy Keeton (d.1997 at 58) brought Penthouse Magazine from Britain to the US. It was a sex magazine with more provocative poses than Playboy Magazine.
    (WSJ, 3/22/96, p.A-1)(SFC, 9/25/97, p.B2)

1969        Toni Carabillo (1926-1997) co-founded the Women’s Heritage Corp. It published the Women’s heritage Calendar and Almanac and a series of paperbacks on leading feminists.
    (LAT, 9/29/97, p.A18)(www.now.org/nnt/01-98/toni.html)

1969        The Young America’s Foundation was founded at Vanderbilt University to teach patriotism, limited, government and other values espoused by later Pres. Ronald Reagan. In 1998 the foundation purchased the 680-acre Reagan ranch north of Santa Barbara.
    (SFC, 4/21/98, p.A3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Young_America%27s_Foundation)

1969        Robert Redford bought 6000 acres in Utah’s Provo Canyon with the idea of establishing a community devoted to art and nature.
    (SFEC, 8/16/98, Par p.2)

1969        Prof. Henry W. Kendall (1926-1999), American physicist and Nobel Prize winner (1990), helped establish the Union of Concerned Scientists. The initial focus of the organization was the opposition of nuclear weapons and nuclear power plants.
    (SFC, 2/17/99, p.C3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_W._Kendall)

1969        The medical volunteer organization Interplast, specializing in reconstructive surgery, was founded at Stanford by Dr. Donald Laub.
    (SFEC, 2/8/98, Z1 p.1,4)(www.interplast.org/)

1969        Donald I. Fine (d.1997) founded Arbor House publishing company in Maryland with a $5000 loan. It sold to the Hearst Corp. in 1978 for 1.5 million.
    (SFC, 8/19/97, p.A20)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arbor_House)

1969        William Charles "Bill" Ayers (b.1944) co-founded the violent radical left organization Weather Underground Organization. As head of an SDS regional group in Detroit, the "Jesse James Gang", Ayers made decisive contributions to the Weatherman orientation toward militancy. He later became a professor at the University of Illinois at Chicago, and was known for his work in school reform and community organizing.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bill_Ayers)
1969        Ben Metcalfe (d.2003 at 83) coordinated the initial campaigns of the  Winnipeg-based Don't Make a Wave Committee (later Greenpeace) against planned nuclear tests in the Aleutian Islands.
    (SSFC, 10/19/03, p.A31)

1969        The Florissant Fossil Beds National Monument in central Colorado was established. It held a wealth of fossils from 35 million years ago.
    (NH, 8/96, p.62)

1969        Curt Flood, baseball player for the St. Louis Cardinals, launched a court fight against the baseball reserve clause that bound players to the club that owned them. The average baseball salary was $25,000.
    (SFC,1/22/97, p.A18)

1969        Robert Cahn (1917-1997), environmental journalist, won a Pulitzer Prize for his series of articles in the Christian Science Monitor titled: "Will Success Spoil the National Parks."
    (SFC,11/1/97, p.A17)(http://tinyurl.com/6scenl)

1969        The US Navy established its Top Gun school for elite pilots of fighter jets off aircraft carriers after it realized that it was losing one fighter jet for every three it shot down in Vietnam.
    (SFC, 5/27/96, p.A17)

1969        The US navy lowered SeaLab III was lowered off San Clemente Island to see if divers could exit a submarine and walk on the sea floor. [see 1965, 1969]
    (SFC, 3/29/02, p.A2)

1969        A CIA report on Soviet activities in developing biological and chemical weapons was "removed" by order of Henry Kissinger, the National Security Advisor, presumably so it would not interfere with arms-control efforts.
    (WSJ, 3/10/98, p.A22)

1969        HUAC was renamed the House Internal Security Committee. It was abolished in 1975.
    (SFEC, 5/18/97, DB p.66)

1969        US Congress enacted strict auto emission laws.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)
1969        The US National Commission on Product Safety recommended that 8 toys be banned including the Zulu toy gun, which shot plastic darts, the Empire Little Lady Stove, which had racks that could heat to 600 degrees, and the Bird of Paradise slingshot, with razor-sharp missiles. The commission urged Congress to pass new legislation banning toys based on their electrical, mechanical or thermal qualities.
    (WSJ, 12/3/07, p.B1)

1969        The IRS eliminated author donations of their papers as a tax break.
    (WSJ, 4/18/03, p.W13)
1969        The Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. (FDIC), established in 1933, raised its limit to $20,000 from the initial $2,500.
    (WSJ, 7/21/08, p.A10)

1969        The Special Drawing Right (SDR) was created by the IMF to support the Bretton Woods fixed exchange rate system. It was created to supplement the existing official reserves of member countries. SDRs are allocated to member countries in proportion to their IMF quotas. The SDR also serves as the unit of account of the IMF and some other international organizations. Its value is based on a basket of key international currencies.
    (www.imf.org/external/np/exr/facts/sdr.htm)

1969        Ralph Nader, helped by Gordon Sherman and other funders, founded the Center for Study of Responsive Law to expose corporate safety neglect and governmental failure to protect consumers.
    (www.csrl.org/csrlhistory/index.html)(http://tinyurl.com/8faupg)

1969        Friends of the Earth, an international network of environmental organizations, was formed.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Friends_of_the_Earth)(Econ, 9/14/13, SR p.8)

1969        Claire Falkenstein (1908-1997), sculptor and painter, created the doors, gates and tall windows in St. Basil’s Church on Wilshire Boulevard in LA.
    (SFC,10/24/97, p.A22)
1969        Robert LaRue Miller (1935-2007), artist and self described “painter with light," helped Frank Oppenheimer (1912-1985) create the SF Exploratorium.
    (SSFC, 11/18/07, p.B6)(www.exploratorium.edu/about/museumhistory.html)
1969        San Francisco's hardcore pioneer director/producer Alex de Renzy, in his directorial debut with reputed sexologists Phyllis and Eberhard Kronhausen, conducted interviews with uninhibited Danes, along with closeups of every detail of conventional sexual intercourse and depictions of lesbianism, fellatio, and cunnilingus. A 90-minute version screened in San Francisco was later confiscated and the film was banned in a number of states. In the wake of the landmark decision in People v. Alex de Renzy the documentary film “Pornography in Denmark" went into wide release.
    (www.filmsite.org/sexinfilms21.html)(SFC, 7/12/11, p.E1)
1969        Terry Schoonhoven (d.2001), muralist, co-founded the Los Angeles Fine Arts Squad.
    (SFC, 12/24/01, p.A18)
1969        Credence Clearwater Revival put out its "Willy and the Poorboys" LP. The cover featured a photo of the band in front of the Duck Kee Market in Oakland. Creedence had a hit this year with "Oh! Lord, I'm stuck in Lodi again.
    (SFC, 9/12/98, p.A19)(WSJ, 7/21/99, p.CA1)
1969        In northern California the Concord Jazz Festival began.
    (SFC, 6/10/97, p.D3)
1969        The Asian Art Museum was built in Goldengate Park. The Helen Crocker Russell Library opened in Goldengate Park.
    (SFC, 7/29/97, p.A7)
1969        In Marin County, Ca., the Mill Valley Public Library was built. It was designed by Donn Emmons (d.1997 at 87).
    (SFC, 9/3/97, p.A20)
1969        The 52 story Bank of America building at Kearny and California was built at a cost of about $100 million. It rose to 779 feet.
    (SFC, 10/3/00, p.A11)
1969        In SF the new high-rise letterman Army Hospital was built in the Presidio.
    (SFC, 6/26/96, p.A20)
1969        Mark Hurley (d.2001 at 81) was appointed Catholic bishop of the Santa Rosa diocese. In 1970 he consecrated his younger brother Frank as a bishop.
    (SFC, 2/8/01, p.C5)
1969        Singer Fela Anikulapo-Kuti of Nigeria visited California for 10 months.
    (WSJ, 2/24/99, p.A10)
1969        People’s Park in Berkeley, Ca., again became the site of a dispute between the University, who wanted to build student housing, and activists, who wanted it kept as a mecca for poor people.
    (SFC, 1/4/97, p.A17)(SFEC, 1/5/97, p.B3)
1969        Skyline College in San Bruno, Ca., opened.
    (SFEC, 3/15/98, p.W21)
1969        The 43-acre Shelter Creek development in San Bruno, Ca., was constructed. In 1999 water mains to the complex began breaking.
    (SFC, 2/2/99, p.A14)
1969        The Butchertown area of SF gave way to redevelopment. A state-owned 7.5 mile stretch from Fisherman’s Wharf to the Bayview was transferred to SF.
    (SFEC, 11/15/98, p.A1)(SSFC, 10/17/04, p.A22)
1969        The medical volunteer organization Interplast, specializing in reconstructive surgery, was founded at Stanford by Dr. Donald Laub.
    (SFEC, 2/8/98, Z1 p.1,4)(www.interplast.org/)
1969        In SF Jim Turner and Charlie Stuart founded the upscale Montgomery Street Motorcycle Club.
    (SFC, 8/21/99, p.A19)
1969        Sam Yorty (1909-1998) was re-elected mayor of Los Angeles. He defeated Tom Bradley 53 to 47%.
    (SFC, 9/30/98, p.A13)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sam_Yorty)
1969        SF Mayor Alioto was accused of splitting a $2.3 million fee with Washington state Attorney Gen’l. John O’Connell in a suit against 29 electrical contractors. He won the suit but the issue forced him away from governorship of 1970.
    (SFC, 1/30/98, p.A10)
1969        In SF Charlie Walker organized local black truckers to protest alleged discrimination in the construction of BART. He chained his truck to a local BART job site and made headlines which led to his winning jobs on major projects.
    (SFEC, 6/27/99, p.A14)
1969        Archie "Red" Emerson took his Sierra Pacific logging company public.
    (SFC, 6/26/00, p.A1)
1969        Larry Lee Hillblom co-founded DHL Corp. upon graduation from the Univ. of California, Berkeley, at Boalt Hall law school. The original idea was to help cargo ships save wharf charges by air-delivering freight documents before the ships reached port. The D was for co-founder Adrian Dalsey (1914-1994) and the L was for Robert Lynn.
    (SFEC, 1/11/98, p.A16)(SFC, 9/6/99, p.A24)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DHL_Express)
1969        In San Mateo County, Ca., work on the new Tanforan Shopping Center began. It replaced the race track the 1st opened in 1899. The center opened in 1970.
    (Ind, 8/17/02, 5A)
1969        Norman Jay Hobday (1934-2011) opened his Henry Africa saloon on the northwest corner of Broadway and Polk. It was later relocated to Van Ness and Vallejo. He adopted the name of the bar for himself. The bar closed in 1986 and in 1987 he opened Capt. Eddie Rickenbacker’s at 2nd and Minna.
    (SFC, 3/2/11, p.A5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fern_bar)
1969        Loni Kuhn (d.1997 at 65) started her school, Loni Kuhn’s Cook’s Tour in SF. Her great-grandfather started the San Jose Normal School (later San Jose State Univ.) and her grandfather helped found the First National Bank of San Jose (later Bank of the West).
    (SFC, 6/26/97, p.A22)
1969        The medical volunteer organization Interplast, specializing in reconstructive surgery, was founded at Stanford Univ. by Dr. Donald Laub.
    (SFEC, 2/8/98, Z1 p.1,4)
1969        In the SF Bay Area Nello Bianco (1928-2006) was appointed to the BART board of directors. He was re-elected 4 times and served a board president 3 times.
    (SFC, 9/14/06, p.B5)
1969        Donald and Doris Fisher founded the Gap in San Francisco. The 1st store opened on Ocean Avenue selling records and Levi’s. In 1983 Gap acquired Banana Republic, and in 1994 Old Navy, In 2004 Fisher authored "Falling Into the Gap: The Story of Donald Fisher and the Apparel Icon He Created."
    (SSFC, 2/15/04, p.I1)(SFC, 1/9/07, p.A9)
1969        Fritz Maytag bought out Laurence Steese and took over the Anchor Brewing Co.
    (SFC, 3/3/99, Z1 p.9)
1969        Family owners sold California’s Beaulieu Vineyards to Heublein Inc.
    (SFC, 10/10/08, p.F3)
1969        In northern California a breach at the Sherman Island levee left part of Highway 160 submerged for 6 months.
    (SFC, 1/10/05, p.B1)
1969        In the SF Bay Area the Albany Bulb, east of Golden Gate Fields, began as a site for industrial dumping. It later was turned into a public space area and artists constructed numerous works from debris that washed ashore. In 2007 plans called for incorporating it into the East Bay Regional Park District and removing the art work.
    (SFC, 4/13/07, p.B9)
1969        In California some 1,600 fish, mostly adult and yearling salmon, died After a heavy rain of copper poisoning below the Kewick Dam.
    (SFEC,11/2/97, p.A13)
1969        Euphemia Charlton Fortune (b.1885), artist, died. She was born in Edinburgh but received most of her training in the US and became one of the West Coast’s most acclaimed painters.
    (SFC, 8/21/01, p.B1)
1969        In San Francisco excavations for the Civic Center BART Station unearthed a female skeleton that dated back some 5,000 years.
    (SFC, 8/3/13, p.C3)
1969        In San Francisco the American Can manufacturing factory at 2345 Third St. closed operations. In 1975 the two-block American Industrial Center was sold and converted to units for sub-lease.
    (SFC, 12/25/13, p.A13)(http://aicproperties.com/about-us/)

1969        In Maine the “Uncle Henry" weekly advertising magazine began to be published.
    (WSJ, 7/7/97, p.A1)
1969        The 62-foot-tall Skowhegan Indian statue was built in Skowhegan, Maine.
    (NW, 8/26/02, p.51)

1969        Al Delugach (1925-2015) shared a Pulitzer Prize for local investigative reporting. He and Denny Walsh of the St. Louis Globe-Democrat had spent three years investigating the Steamfitters union, Local 562, revealing a pattern of labor racketeering that led to federal indictments for a kickback scheme related to the sale of insurance to the union’s pension fund.
    (SFC, 1/9/15, p.D5)

1969        Norman Mailer, writer, ran for mayor of New York City and proposed making it the 51st state of the US.
    (Hem, 4/96, p.51)

1969        Fish and wildlife officials in New York and Vermont banned fish shooting. In 1970 the Vermont Legislature re-instated the sport.
    (SFC, 5/11/04, p.A2)

1969        In North Carolina US District Judge James McMillan ruled that the Charlotte school district was intentionally segregating students and ordered busing to achieve integration. This led to the 1971 US Supreme Court ruling to approve the busing plan. The program was ended in 1999.
    (SFC, 9/11/99, p.A3)
1969        John Montgomery Belk (1920-2007), head of the department store chain Belk Inc., began serving as Mayor of Charlotte, NC. He served 4 terms to 1977.
    (WSJ, 8/25/07, p.A8)

1969        Philadelphia initiated a program of “career academies," which combined academic and technical curriculums and gave students work experience.
    (Econ, 6/19/10, p.34)

1969        A government clerk in the Bureau of Indian Affairs dropped the Samish Indian nation from the list of recognized tribes. In 2002 the tribe, native to the San Juan Islands and western Scagit County of Washington state, sued for recognition and damages.
    (SFC, 10/18/02, p.J8)

1969        The National Association of Broadcasters endorsed the phase out of cigarette ads on TV and radio.
    (WSJ, 1/27/04, p.D12)

1969        Atlantic Richfield Co. (ARCO), led by Robert O. Anderson, merged with Sinclair Oil.
    (WSJ, 12/8/07, p.A7)

1969        Angelo Mozilo and David Loeb founded Countrywide. It grew to become America’s largest home-mortgage lender. In 2008 it was sold to Bank of America for more than 80% below its market value a year earlier due to its accumulated high risk loans.
    (WSJ, 1/7/08, p.A11)

1969        Donaldson, Lufkin and Jenrette decided to take their investment bank public thereby forcing the NY Stock Exchange to abandon restrictions on public ownership of member firms.
    (WSJ, 5/2/05, p.C1)

1969        Best Foods Inc., changed its name to CPC International. It had begun as American Cotton Oil in 1889.
    (WSJ, 5/28/96, p. R-45)

1969        Country singer Jimmy Dean (1928-2010 started the Jimmy Dean Meat Co. He sold it to Sara Lee Corp. in 1984.
    (SFC, 6/14/10, p.C4)

1969        Harold Simmons (1931-2013), Dallas owner of the Williams Drug Co., bought Ward’s Drugstores for 18 million. In 1973 he sold his stores for $50 million in Eckerd stock.
    (SFC, 1/1/14, p.E5)

1969        Leonard Tose (1915-2003) and several others bought the Philadelphia Eagles pro football team for $15.155 million. Tose bought out his partners in 1977. He sold the team in 1985  to Norman Braman of south Florida for $65 million.
    (SFC, 4/17/03, p.A23)

1969        Pan Am selected Najeeb Halaby (d.2003 at 87), former FAA head, as successor to chairman Juan Trippe. Halaby served 3 years as CEO. His daughter later became Queen Noor of Jordan.
    (SFC, 7/4/03, p.A25)

1969        Seiko marketed the first quartz watch.
    (NG, March 1990, J. Boslough p. 115)

1969        At the Mayo Clinic the first hip replacement in the US was performed.
    (SFC, 7/5/96, PM, p.5)

1969        Benjamin Volcani (1915-1999), Palestine-born microbiologist, was the fist to show that silicon is essential for DNA synthesis in diatoms. He was also the first to find microorganisms in the Dead Sea in 1936.
    (SFC, 2/12/99, p.D4)(www.eilatgordinlevitan.com/kurenets/k_pages/volcani.html)

1969        Earl Butcher (1903-1996) received the Great Teacher Award of New York Univ. He was an early practitioner of tooth transplants and implants.
    (SFC, 11/12/96, p.B2)

1969        Ken Thompson (b.1943), computer scientist at Bell Labs, wrote the first version of the UNIX operating system on a PDP-7, a $72,000 closet sized DEC computer that arranged memory in 8,192 18-bit words. UNIX programming language was created by Bell labs in 1970. Dennis Ritchie (1941-2011) and others helped develop Unix. Ritchie later invented the C programming language (1969-1973. Dr. Thompson wrote C’s predecessor, known as B.
    (www.bell-labs.com/history/unix/thompsonbio.html)(SFEC, 1/12/97,  p.B6)(Econ, 6/12/04, p.37)(SFC, 10/14/11, p.D4)

1969        J. Robert Beyster (1924-2014), a physicist in southern California, founded Science Applications Inc. He retired in 2004 as the company numbered some 43,000 employees and annual revenue of over $6 billion. In 2007 he authored “The SAIC Solution: How We Built an $8 Billion Employee-Owned Technology Company." In 2013 Science Applications Int’l. Corp. (SAIC) split in two.
    (SFC, 12/24/14, p.E2)

1969        Shakey the Robot, a project of the Stanford Research Institute, made its broad public debut. Shakey was the first general-purpose robot to be able to reason as it completed tasks.
    (SFC, 1/23/15, p.A10)

1969         Intel's 1st product was a random access memory chip. Marcian Hoff Jr., Stanley Mazor and Federico Faggin of Intel developed the 4004 chip for a Japanese customer, Busicom, a calculator manufacturer. Intel acquired the rights to the chip for $60,000. The 3 men were later inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame in Akron, Ohio, in Sept. 1996. The 4004 packed 2300 transistors onto a single silicon chip.
    (SJSVB, 7/8/96, p.12)(TAR, 1996, p.19)(WSJ, 9/22/98, p.B3)(SFC, 7/16/03, p.B1)

1969        Instinet was founded and later became owned by Reuters PLC. It became the biggest of the electronic trading systems for institutional traders. The name originally stood for Institutional Networks Corp. and catered primarily to institutional fund managers seeking a way to trade with each other without dealer intervention.
    (Wired, 2/98, p.96)(WSJ, 5/5/99, p.C1)

1969        The Leonard Silver Manufacturing Company was started by Leonard Florence (b.1932) in Chelsea, Massachusetts, to market silver plate holloware. Products were manufactured by firms in India. The company was acquired by Towle Silversmiths in 1978. At that time, the headquarters were moved to Boston, Mass. The Leonard Silver line is now a part of International Silver Company (Syrtech Corp.).
    (www.livingvictorian.com/askrenipm/askreninov03.html)

1969        Refco, a futures trading company, was founded as Ray E. Friedman and Co. and served as a middleman between farmers and food buyers. The company went public in 2005 at $22 per share and filed for bankruptcy 6 weeks later.
    (WSJ, 7/3/06, p.A1)

1969        Max Palevsky (d.2010 at 85) sold Scientific Data Systems, founded in 1961, to Xerox for $1 billion. He used the money to fund then-startup chip maker Intel becoming a director in the company.
    (SFC, 5/8/10, p.C4)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scientific_Data_Systems)

1969        Smith & Wesson, gun manufacturers in Springfield Mass., began a school for training police and law enforcement officials from around the world.
    (WSJ, 9/12/97, p.A20)

1969        The American side of Niagara Falls was diverted in order to clean up accumulated erosion. Goat Island divides the river into the Horseshoe Falls on the Canadian side and the American Falls on the US side.
    (SFEC, 3/30/97, Par. p.14)

1969        Marjory Stoneman Douglas (1890-1998), American journalist and environmentalist, helped found Friends of the Everglades, a Florida-based conservation organization.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marjory_Stoneman_Douglas)(SFC, 5/15/98, p.D7)

1969        American Museum of Natural History in NYC installed a 94-foot, 21,000-pound, synthetic Blue Whale. It was based on a female carcass found in the South Atlantic in 1925.
    (WSJ, 7/24/03, p.D10)

1969        Jim Bishop began building his castle in Rye, Colorado.
    (WSJ, 2/7/96, p.A-1)

1969        Robert Byck (d.1999 at 66) identified MSG, monosodium glutamate, as the cause of headaches for some people who ate Chinese food with the additive. The psychiatrist and brain researcher at Yale Medical School in 1979 gave Congress an early warning that the United States faced an epidemic of smokable cocaine,
    (SFC, 8/24/99, p.A22)(http://tinyurl.com/a6bdpn)

1969        A year’s tuition at the Univ. of Michigan was $480. By 2008 it reached $9000.
    (Econ, 12/22/07, p.18)

1969        John Altoon (b.1925), American painter, died of a heart attack at age 43. He painted in an abstract expressionist style with later surrealist undercurrents. Hs works included "Untitled" (1959), "Untitled (Harper Series)" (1964), and "Untitled ANI-42" (1968).
    (SFC, 1/15/98, p.E1,5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Altoon)

1969        Carl Schuster (b.1904), American art historian, died. He was responsible for a 12-volume series of research on patterns in art objects. The work was later distilled by fellow art historian Edmund Carpenter in the1996 book: "Patterns that Connect, Social Symbolism in Ancient and Tribal Art."
    (SFEC, 11/3/96, BR p.7)(http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1134/is_/ai_n26852642)

1969        In Afghanistan’s second nationwide elections Babrak and Hafizullah Amin were elected.
    (www.afghan-web.com/history/)

1969        The first Panafrican Festival took place in Algiers amid widespread euphoria. Most African nations had just gained independence, they were full of hope, and Algeria was spearheading the nonaligned movement balancing between the Western and Soviet blocks. A 2nd Panafrican Festival did not take place until 2009.
    (AP, 7/9/09)

1969        Filippo Casella began making wine in Australia after having moved from Italy. Casella Wines introduced their Yellow Tail brand in 2001.
    (SFC, 1/5/06, p.F2)
1969        In Australia the Indian Pacific Railway was completed with a new standard gauge from Sydney to Perth, 2,720 miles. Until this time different rail lines employed different gauges.
    (SFEM, 10/11/98, p.29)

1969        The Bahamas legalized casino gambling, however Bahamians and foreigners living in the country were banned from gambling.
    (Econ, 1/26/13, p.36)

1969        The Brazilian film "Antonio da Mortes" was directed by Glauber Rocha.
    (SFEC, 4/13/97, DB p.44)
1969        Embraer SA, an aircraft maker, was founded by Brazil’s military dictatorship in an effort to develop an aviation industry. The company was privatized in 1994.
    (WSJ, 9/13/04, p.A8)(Econ, 9/11/10, SR p.10)

1969        E.J.B. "Jim" Rose (d.1999 at 89) and Nicholas Deakin published "Color and Citizenship," a report on Britain’s integration and immigration problems.
    (SFC, 9/7/99, p.C2)
1969        The Labor government of Harold Wilson forced Pollard Bearings, led by John King (d.2005), into a merger. Pollard sold the firm for a large profit.
    (www.nytimes.com/2005/07/13/world/europe/13iht-obits.html?_r=1)
1969        Hugh Fish (d.1999 at 76) environmental engineer, was named chief purification officer of the Thames Conservancy and set about to restore fish to the Thames River. An angler caught the first prize salmon in 1985.
    (SFC, 7/21/99, p.C3)
1969        Barbara Anne Castle (d.2002), Britain’s Labor Cabinet minister, published a plan called "In Place of Strife," to inject some discipline into industrial relations and to make trade unions subject to legal sanctions.
    (SFC, 5/4/02, p.A21)
1969        Britain’s chocolate maker Cadbury merged with Schweppes. In 2006 the Schweppes unit was spun off.
    (Econ, 11/7/09, p.63)
1969        Britain discovered oil and gas in the North Sea. By 2012 some 40 billion barrels of oil was extracted.
    (Econ, 2/18/12, p.59)
1969        Princess Alice (b.1885) died at Buckingham Palace. In 2002 Hugo Vickers authored "Alice: Princess Andrew of Greece."
    (SSFC, 4/7/02, p.M3)

1969        Georgi Markov, a renowned writer and journalist, fled communist Bulgaria and settled in London, where he worked for the Bulgarian-language service of the British Broadcasting Corp.
    (AP, 6/16/05)

1969        The 1st Fespaco, a pan-African festival of cinema and television, opened in Upper Volta (Burkina Faso).
    (Econ, 2/19/05, p.82)

1969        Dr. Henri Morgentaler (1923-2013) set up Canada's first independent abortion clinic in Montreal. Up to this time the procedure could only be performed in hospitals and was limited to cases when doctors deemed that continuation of a pregnancy could harm a woman.
    (Reuters, 5/29/13)
1969         In Saskatoon, Canada, David Milgaard (16) was convicted for the murder and rape of Gail Miller. He was in prison for 23 years until DNA tests proved that the crime was done by Larry Fisher, a multiple rapist. His story was later told by Peter Edwards and Joyce Milgaard, David's mother in the book "A Mother's Story."
    (SFC, 6/2/99, p.A10)

1969        Mahele Lieko Bokoungo, a member of Congo’s Mbuza tribe, became Mobutu’s chief body guard.
    (SFC, 12/20/96, p.B5)

1969        In Cuba Christmas was dropped as a holiday by the Castro government.
    (SFC,12/26/97, p.A1)

1969         Paul-Emile de Souza became premier (1969-1970) of Dahomey (later Benin).
    (http://tinyurl.com/9ryq5)

1969        In Egypt the construction on the Aswan High Dam, which expanded irrigation, had led to an increase in bilharzia infection. In this year the government began to channel its bilharzia interventions into more comprehensive and organized control programs and projects. During the 1970’s and 1980s a campaign of multiple drug injections to combat the parasitic disease led to a massive spread of hepatitis c.
    (Econ, 11/4/06, p.54)(http://tinyurl.com/wuwmx)

1969        Germany passed a set of labeling laws similar to the French 1935 Appellation d’Origine Controlee (controlled place of origin). The AOC laws were meant to protect growers and properly identify a wine’s origin. They were not intended as an indicator of quality.
    (SFC, 1/8/97, zz-1 p.4)

1969        John Latsis (1910-2003), Greek shipping magnate, established Petrola, the 1st export-oriented oil refinery in Greece.
     (SFC, 4/18/03, p.A24)

1969        In Guyana a group opposed to the government of Pres. Forbes Burnham staged an uprising in the Essequibo region. It was asserted that Venezuela had trained and armed the militants.
    (SFC, 10/26/99, p.A12)

1969        In India Hindustan Latex, a government enterprise, began making condoms to the government curb the rising population. In 2009 it was renamed to HLL Lifecare.
    (Econ, 11/14/09, p.75)

1969        The film “The Italian Job" starred Michael Caine and Noel Coward. The crime fable was set in Turin, Italy.
    (SFC, 2/11/06, p.E10)
1969         The Italian film "Qeimada" starred Marlon Brando in a tale against colonialism. It was directed by Gillo Pontecorvo (1919-2006). 
    (AP, 10/13/06)
1969        The Italian film "Satyricon" was directed by Federico Fellini with music by Nino Rota. It was based on a satiric novel by Petronius Arbiter.
    (SFC, 3/5/01, p.E3)
1969        The Italian film “Una Storia d’Amore" featured American opera star Anna Moffo (1932-2006) in what appeared to be a nude scene.
    (SSFC, 3/12/06, p.B7)
1969        In Italy right-wing militants carried out a series of bombings that Italian authorities and the media pinned on anarchists. Giuseppi Pinelli, one anarchist that was interrogated by the police, was reported to have fallen from a 4th floor window during interrogation. The event inspired Dario Fo to write his 1970 play: "Accidental Death of an Anarchist."
    (WSJ, 10/10/97, p.A20)

1969        The Japanese film "Otoka wa Tsuraiyo" (It’s Hard Being a Man) with Kiyoshi Atsumi (1928-1996) was produced. It was the first of 48 installments.
    (SFC, 8/8/96, p.A22)
1969        In Japan the New Star Orchestra was formed as a part-time avocation by young musicians. In 2000 it merged with the Tokyo Philharmonic.
    (WSJ, 7/19/00, p.A1)
1969        In Japan the Ichihara Prison opened to serve dangerously irresponsible drivers.  Japan had agreed to adhere to UN standards for more lenient correctional institutions for lesser offenders.
    (SFC, 4/10/98, p.A20)
1969        Japan’s 1970 Datsun 240Z went on sale in the US in the fall of this year priced at $3,500.
    (SFC, 2/26/15, p.D2)
1969        In Japan Nissan introduced its Skyline GT-R muscle car. The car was initially introduced by the Prince Motor Co. in June, 1957. It was discontinued in 2002. A new version was introduced in 2007.
    (WSJ, 10/24/07, p.B1)(www.driftclub.com/SkylineHistory.htm)
1969        The first case of karoshi, a Japanese term for death from overwork, was reported with the death from a stroke of a male worker (29) in the shipping department of Japan's largest newspaper company. In 1987, as public concern increased, the Japanese Ministry of Labour began to publish statistics on karoshi.
    (Econ, 1/5/08, p.69)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kar%C5%8Dshi)

1969        Malaysia adopted an Emergency Ordnance that allowed people to be detained without charge.
    (Econ, 9/24/11, p.53)

1969        In Morocco a silver mine began operating at Imiter, a Berber village nestled in the High Atlas mountains. It was operated by the Metallurgical Society of Imiter, a sister group of Managem, which is indirectly controlled by a holding belonging to Morocco's royal family. By 2004 villagers noted local water levels dropping. In 2011 local women began turning out by the hundreds, along with their kids and men of all ages, to block some of the main wells supplying water for mining operations.
    (AFP, 3/15/12)

1969        In Nepal the royal residence Narayanhiti Palace was completed in Kathmandu. On Feb 26, 2009, it was opened to public.
    (Econ, 3/28/09, p.51)

1969        In Nicaragua the US based Pennwalt Corp. established a chlorine plant near Lake Managua. The plant shut down in 1991 and left 60 tons of mercury in the lake.
    (SFC, 2/3/98, p.A6)

1969        In Papua New Guinea Australian bulldozers arrived on Bougainville and began work at the Panguna mine. Local women were unsuccessful in trying to stop the work.
    (WSJ, 3/18/98, p.A14)

1969        Peru’s government banned the trade of vicuna fleece as hunters drove the animals close to extinction.
    (WSJ, 2/21/07, p.A14)

1969        South Korea’s Samsung Electronics was formed and began making transistor radios. By 2011 it had evolved into the world’s leading manufacturer of televisions and much else.
    (Econ, 10/1/11, p.75)

1969        The Soviet film "The White Sun of the Desert" featured the music of Isaac Schwartz (1923-2009).
    (AP, 12/28/09)
1969        In the Soviet Union Rostislav Belyakov (d.2014 at 94) became the MiG chief designer, succeeding the firm's founder, Artyom Mikoyan. He led the development of a family of MiG fighters, including MiG-23, MiG-25, Mig-29 and their versions, which have been the backbone of Soviet and then Russian air force.
    (AP, 3/1/14)

1969        In Somaliland Mohamed Ibrahim Egal was the prime minister until Barre took over and threw him in jail.
    (SFC, 8/16/96, p.A18)

1969        The International Convention for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas entered into force.  ICCAT, with headquarters based in Madrid, Spain, was established at a Conference of Plenipotentiaries, which prepared and adopted the convention, signed in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in 1966.
    (Econ, 11/1/08, p.93)(www.iccat.int/en/)

1969        The society of Society of St. Pius X was founded by Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre. It split from Rome over its opposition to the liberalizing reforms of the Second Vatican Council, which among other things introduced Mass in the vernacular and revolutionized the church's relations with Jews. In 1988, the Vatican excommunicated Lefebvre and four of his bishops after he consecrated them without papal consent. In 2009 Pope Benedict XVI removed the excommunications of the four bishops and has allowed greater use of the pre-Vatican II Latin Mass, which they celebrate.
    (AP, 6/14/12)

1969        In Venezuela the Democratic Action party changed the law so that judges would be chosen by party affiliation in proportion to the electoral results, which put the courts into the hands of the deepest pockets. Social democrats lost the presidential election but maintained a legislative majority and passed a new law making judicial appointments a function of electoral results. The judiciary became politicized and corrupt.
    (WSJ, 2/26/99, p.A15)(WSJ, 1/05/00, p.A11)

1969        Tran Van Lam (d.2001 at 88) became the foreign affairs minister. He was replaced in 1973 by Pres. Thieu and went to the South Vietnamese Senate. He settled in Australia after the fall of Saigon.
    (SFC, 3/21/01, p.A26)
1969        At their peak in 1969, 68,889 combat troops from Australia, New Zealand, the Republic of Korea, Thailand and the Philippines were deployed in Vietnam.
    (HNQ, 4/14/00)

1969        Emmanuel Milingo (39) was named archbishop of Lusaka, Zambia.
    (SFC, 8/31/01, p.D5)
1969        In Zambia Fort Jameson, the capital of the Eastern province, was renamed Chipata.
    (Econ, 12/24/05, p.63)

1969-1971    Yellowstone Park officials attempted to force grizzly bears to return to a wild diet. 220 bears, unable to quit junk food, were shot and killed during this period.
    (Econ, 11/5/05, p.88)
1969-1971    Gen. Yahya Khan led Pakistan’s military regime. “US Pres. Richard Nixon was fond of Gen. Yahya Khan, a gruff, dim-witted, whiskey drinking general."
    (WSJ, 7/28/05, p.D8)(Econ, 9/21/13, p.90)

1969-1972    The TV series “The Courtship of Eddie’s Father" starred Bill Bixby and Brandon Cruz. Miyoshi Umeki was featured as the housekeeper in the ABC series.
    (SFC, 9/12/07, p.A17)
1969-1972    Douglas MacArthur II (d.1997 at 88) served as US ambassador to Iran. He escaped a kidnap attempt in 1970.
    (SFC,11/17/97, p.A23)
1969-1972    Jacques Chaban-Delmas (d.2000 at 85) served as the prime minister of France. He was a hero of the French Resistance and served as the mayor of Bordeaux for 48 years.
    (SFEC, 11/12/00, p.D4)

1969-1973    The US Air Force dropped 539,129 tons of bombs on Cambodia and killed some 700,000 people. The bombing drove rural people into the cities and caused a collapse of the agricultural system that contributed to the rise of the Khmer Rouge and a famine that was later blamed on the Khmer Rouge.
    (SFC, 8/14/97, p.A25)

1969-1973    In France Maurice Schumann (1911-1998 at 86) served as foreign minister under Pres. Georges Pompidou. He was also a novelist and writer on religion and other topics.
    (SFC, 2/11/98, p.A24)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maurice_Schumann)

1969-1974    Richard Nixon (1913-1994) served as the 37th President of the US. He was forced to resign in 1974 and his Vice-President Gerald Ford assumed the office of president.
    (SFEC, 5/11/97, p.T8,9)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_Nixon)
1969-1974    Willy Brandt (1913-1992), head of the Social Democratic Party, served as the West German chancellor.
    (AP, 11/21/05)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Willy_Brandt)

1969-1975    In 1998 the Library of Congress issued a 2-volume collection of American journalism from the Vietnam War, "Reporting Vietnam." This period was covered in Vol. 2.
    (WSJ, 10/5/98, p.A21)

1969-1976    The basketball "dunk" was illegal during this period.
    (SFEC, 3/29/98, Z1 p.8)

1969-1985    Terry Sanford (d.1998 at 80) served as the president of North Carolina’s Duke Univ.
    (SFEC, 4/19/98, p.C6)

1969-1986    An outbreak of childhood leukemia occurred in Woburn, Mass. over this period. Known as the Woburn cluster, it was the most highly concentrated outbreak of cancer in the nation. In 1996 researchers found the chemicals responsible for tainted drinking water that caused the outbreak.
    (SFC, 5/11/96, p.A-5)

1969-1992    Valium was the most prescribed medicine in the US. Leo Sternbach (d.2005) of Roche Holding AG helped develop the drug.
    (WSJ, 2/11/04, p.A1)(SFC, 10/1/05, p.B4)

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