1972 Jan 1, "Promises Promises" closed at Shubert Theater NYC after 1281 performances.
1972 Jan 1, Maurice Chevalier (b.1888), French actor, singer and dancer, died in Paris. He sang “Thank Heaven for Little Girls” in the 1958 film “Gigi.”
(SSFC, 8/8/04, Par p.2)(www.jimpoz.com)
1972 Jan 1, Kurt Waldheim (1918-2007) of Austria began serving as the UN Secretary-General. He continued until Jan 1, 1982.
(SFC, 12/14/96, p.A1)
1972 Jan 3, Don McLean received a gold record for his 8-minute-plus (8:32) hit, American Pie.
(440 Int'l. 1/3/99)
1972 Jan 5, President Nixon ordered development of the space shuttle.
1972 Jan 7, Lewis F. Powell Jr., private practice lawyer, and William H. Rehnquist (1925-2005), Assistant Attorney General for Pres. Nixon, were sworn in as the 99th and 100th members of the Supreme Court.
(AP, 1/7/98)(AP, 9/4/05)
1972 Jan 7, Poet John Berryman (b.1914), US poet (Imaginary Jew), leaped to his death from a bridge above the Mississippi River. He was teaching a graduate course at the Univ. of Minnesota on America’s character as revealed by its poets. Carl Rakosi took over the class. His former wife, Eileen Simpson, died in 2002. Simpson authored her memoir "Poets in Their Youth" in 1982.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Berryman)(SFEC, 4/23/00, BR p.1)(SFC, 10/26/02, p.A24)
1972 Jan 8, Kenneth Patchen (b.1911), American poet, died in Palo Alto, Ca. He was bed-ridden in his later years from a debilitating spinal injury. His works included "Before the Brave" and "Hurrah for Anything."
(HN, 12/13/99)(SFC, 3/24/00, p.D6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kenneth_Patchen)
1972 Jan 9, Reclusive billionaire Howard Hughes, speaking by telephone from the Bahamas to reporters in Hollywood, said his purported biography by Clifford Irving was a fake.
1972 Jan 9, The RMS Queen Elizabeth, the world’s largest ocean liner, sank after a major fire in Hong Kong harbor. It had been purchased by Tung Chao-yung at a bankruptcy sale in Florida. He had hoped to turn it into a floating school. Arson was blamed and it was scrapped.
(WSJ, 2/6/97, p.B1)(www.ocean-liners.com/ships/queenelizabeth.asp)
1972 Jan 10, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman (b.1920) returned to Dhaka from prison in West Pakistan. He soon promulgated an interim constitution and was sworn in first as president of Bangladesh, then as prime minister.
1972 Jan 11, The TV movie "Kolchak, The Night Stalker" aired for the first time. It was followed by a series of 22 episodes that ended Mar 28, 1975.
1972 Jan 14, "Sanford & Son" premiered on NBC TV. It starred Desmond Wilson and Red Foxx and became the most successful black-oriented series in TV history. The series ended in 1977.
(SSFC, 2/11/01, BR p.1)(www.imdb.com/title/tt0068128/)(SFC, 9/19/02, p.A24)
1972 Jan 14, Denmark’s King Frederik IX (b.1899) died.
(SFC, 11/8/00, p.B7)(www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=9422986)
1972 Jan 15, Heavyweight Joe Frazier (b.1944) KO’d Terry Daniels.
1972 Jan 22, The TV series "Emergency" began with Julie London and Bobby Troup. It ran until 1977.
(SFC, 10/19/00, p.A29)(www.fancast.com/tv/Emergency!/8541/synopsis)
1972 Jan 22, Britain, Denmark, Ireland and Norway joined the European Economic Community.
1972 Jan 24, Maine Sen. Edmund Muskie (1914-1996) won the Iowa caucus but later lost the Democratic nomination to George McGovern.
1972 Jan 24, The US Supreme Court struck down laws that denied welfare benefits to people who had resided in a state for less than a year.
1972 Jan 24, In Guam Shoichi Yokoi (d.1997 at 82), a WWII Japanese soldier, was found by hunters near the Talofofo River. He had survived since 1944 in adherence to his army code of never surrendering. Yokoi returned to Japan as a national hero: "It is with much embarrassment that I return."
(SFC, 9/23/97, p.A19)(http://ns.gov.gu/scrollapplet/sergeant.html)
1972 Jan 25, Pres. Nixon made public the secret talks from May 31, 1971, that included a cease-fire-in-place, US withdrawal, and the return of prisoners from North Vietnam. He made a revised offer with the concurrence of South Vietnam's Pres. Thieu. Nixon aired the eight-point peace plan for Vietnam, asking for POW release in return for withdrawal.
(WSJ, 2/5/96, p.A-19)(HN, 1/25/99)
1972 Jan 25, Shirley Chisholm, the first African American woman elected to U.S. Congress, announced her candidacy for president as Democrat.
1972 Jan 26, A DC-9 exploded over Serbska Kamenice, Czechoslovakia, and attendant Vesna Vulovic dropped 33,300 feet and survived following a 27-day coma and a 16-month recovery. The cause of the explosion has never been established, but was attributed by the Yugoslav and Czechoslovakian authorities to a bomb placed on the plane by a Croatian Terrorist group, known as the Ustasa.
(SFEC, 3/14/99, Z1 p.10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vesna_Vulovic)
1972 Jan 27, Mahalia Jackson (b.1911), Grammy Award winning gospel singer, died.
1972 Jan 30, In Londonderry (Derry), Northern Ireland, British troops fired on a civil rights march in the Bloody Sunday massacre. 13-14 people were killed by soldiers of the First Parachute Regiment, six of whom were only 17. The British embassy in Dublin was burned down. One man who was photographed being arrested and taken into a British army Saracen was later found shot dead. The march, which was called to protest internment, was "illegal" according to British government authorities. Internment without trial was introduced by the British government on August 9, 1971. The British government-appointed Widgery Tribunal found soldiers were not guilty of killing the 13 marchers. The 1997 book “Eyewitness Bloody Sunday” by Don Mullan included 113 accounts by participants and bystanders. In 1998 an independent commission said that the identities of the soldiers would not be protected. In 2001 Martin McGuinness admitted that he was 2nd in command of the IRA at the time of the massacre. The Saville Inquiry heard its last oral testimony in 2004. A report in 2010, 12 years in the making, blamed British soldiers for the killings.
(SFEC, 12/22/96, Z1p.7)(SFC, 1/30/97, p.A18)(SFEM, 1/18/98, p.11)(SFC, 12/18/98, p.D4)(SFC, 5/1/01, p.A8)(Econ, 2/14/04, p.51)(SFC, 6/16/10, p.A2)
1972 Jan 31, Howard Barlow (b.1892), American radio pioneer and CBS music director (1927-1943), died. In 1943 He moved to NBC to become conductor of the long-running Voice of Firestone.
1972 Jan 31, King Mahendra (b.1920), Nepal’s poet-king (1955-1972), passed away at Diyalo Bangalow, Bharatpur. Crown Prince Birendra (b.1945) ascended the throne of the kingdom. Birendra was killed by his son in 2001.
(www.nepalmonarchy.gov.np/monarcyinnepal/monarchyinnepal.php)(WSJ, 9/29/07, p.A6)
1972 Feb 1, The FAA issued a rule requiring air carriers to use a screening system, acceptable to the FAA, that would require screening all passengers "by one or more of the following systems: behavioral profile, magnetometer, identification check, physical search."
1972 Feb 1, Hewlett-Packard introduced the 1st scientific hand-held calculator, the HP-35, for $395.
(www.hp-collection.org/calculators/35a.html)(SFC, 8/31/09, p.D1)
1972 Feb 2, The play "Jumpers" by Tom Stoppard (b.1937) was first performed at the Old Vic Theatre, London, England.
(SFEM, 1/2/00, p.6)(www.complete-review.com/reviews/stoppt/jumpers.htm)
1972 Feb 2, Winter Olympics began in Sapporo, Japan.
1972 Feb 4, In California the Santa Rosa Hitchhiker Murders when Yvonne Weber (13) and Maureen Sterling (13) were seen thumbing a lift on Guerneville Road. Their bones were found 10 months later six miles into the hills north of Santa Rosa. By December 1973 five more young women had disappeared in the area. They included Kim Allen (19), Jeannette Kamahele (20), Lori Kursa (13), Carolyn Davis (15) and Theresa Walsh (23).
(SFC, 7/7/11, p.A9)
1972 Feb 5, It was reported that the United States had agreed to sell 42 F-4 Phantom jets to Israel.
1972 Feb 5, Marianne Moore (b.1887), American poet, died in NYC. Her longest work was the 1923 poem "Marriage." In 1998 her the book: "The Selected letters of Marianne Moore" was edited by Bonnie Costello, Celeste Goodridge and Cristanne Miller.
(WSJ, 1/8/98, p.A7)(www.csustan.edu/english/reuben/pal/chap7/moore.html)
1972 Feb 12, Senator Kennedy advocated amnesty for Vietnam draft resisters.
1972 Feb 13, "1776" closed at 46th Street Theater in NYC after 1,217 performances. A film version was released in November.
1972 Feb 13, Enemy attacks, in Vietnam, declined for the third day as the U.S. continued its intensive bombing strategy. The F-105 Thunderchief or the "Thud" was the Air Force’s war-horse in Vietnam when it came to bombing campaigns.
1972 Feb 14, The musical "Grease" opened at the Eden Theatre off Broadway. The show turned out to be a surprise hit and soon moved to the Broadhurst Theatre and then to the Royale where it remained until April 13, 1980. The show had a record run until it was taken over by A Chorus Line.
1972 Feb 14 Bill Torrey (38), an executive vice president with the Oakland Seals, was named the 1st General Manager of the Islanders, a Long Island hockey team.
1972 Feb 15, A left-leaning military coup in Ecuador, led by Guillermo Rodríguez Lara, removed, Pres. Velasco Ibarra from office for the fifth time. Military rule continued to 1979.
(www.yachana.org/indmovs/chronology.php)(WSJ, 12/6/95, p.A-1)(USAT, 2/11/97, p.5A)
1972 Feb 15, Edgar P. Snow (b.1905), US journalist and author (Battle for Asia, Red Star Over China), died in Switzerland.
1972 Feb 16, Wilt Chamberlain became the 1st NBA player to score 30,000 points.
1972 Feb 17, President Nixon departed on his historic 10-day trip to China.
(AP, 2/17/98)(SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F7)
1972 Feb 17, Giulio Andreotti (1919-2013) began serving his first term as the 41st prime minister of Italy.
1972 Feb 18, The California Supreme Court declared the death penalty cruel and unusual punishment in violation of the state constitution. 107 inmates were taken off death row and resentenced. A similar decision was rendered in 1976 and 68 inmates were resentenced.
(www.deathpenalty.org/index.php?pid=history)(HN, 2/18/98)(AP, 2/18/98)
1972 Feb 20, Walter Winchell (b.1897),newspaper and radio commentator, died.
1972 Feb 20, El Salvador held presidential elections. The blatancy of fraud employed to maintain the PCN in power outraged and disillusioned many Salvadorans, including members of the armed forces. Leftists protested the election fraud.
(http://countrystudies.us/el-salvador/11.htm)(WSJ, 1/10/05, p.A10)
1972 Feb 21, Pres. Nixon began his visit to China as he and his wife arrived in Shanghai. He was the 1st US president to visit a country not diplomatically recognized by the US. He brought along a bottle of Schramsberg sparkling wine from California.
(HN, 2/21/01)(AP, 2/21/04)(WSJ, 7/1/05, p.W6)
1972 Feb 22, President Nixon met with Mao Tse-tung in Peking and Chinese Premier Chou En-Lai in Beijing. In 2006 Margaret McMillan authored “Seize the Hour: When Nixon Met Mao.”
(HN, 2/22/98)(Econ, 10/28/06, p.93)
1972 Feb 23, Black activist Angela Davis was released from jail where she was held for kidnapping , conspiracy and murder.
1972 Feb 24, Hanoi negotiators walked out of the peace talks in Paris to protest U.S. air raids on North Vietnam.
1972 Feb 25, Wings released "Give Ireland Back to the Irish." Paul and Linda McCartney wrote the song in response to the events of Bloody Sunday in Northern Ireland on January 30, 1972. It was soon banned by the BBC.
1972 Feb 26, A coal sludge spill killed 125 people and swallowed 500 homes in Buffalo Creek, W. Va. Over 132 million gallons of water and mud hit 17 little towns along Buffalo Creek.
(WSJ, 10/16/01, p.A1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buffalo_Creek_Flood)
1972 Feb 26, Soviets recovered Luna 20 with a cargo of moon rocks.
1972 Feb 28, President Nixon and Chinese Premier Chou En-lai signed the Shanghai Communique at the Jin Jiang Hotel Assembly Hall on the last night of Nixon’s visit.
(WSJ, 3/5/97, p.A16)(AP, 2/28/07)
1972 Feb 29, Henry "Hank" Aaron became the first baseball player to sign a baseball contract for $200,000 a year.
1972 Mar 1, David Rabe's "Sticks and Bones" premiered in New York City.
1972 Mar 1, Kathy Boudin and Bernardine Dohrn, members of the Weathermen, set explosives in the 1st-floor ladies room of the US Capitol building. [See Oct 20,1981]
(WSJ, 11/26/03, p.A1)(http://hnn.us/articles/1155.html)
1972 Mar 2, Pioneer 10 was launched from Cape Kennedy. It carried a plaque designed by Carl Sagan and Frank Drake showing some details of human civilization on Earth. The craft headed to Jupiter and then continued into deep space long past expectations. In 2001 contact was re-established with the craft 7.29 billion miles distant and enroute toward the constellation Taurus. Contact was again made in 2002. Pioneer was expected to reach the red star Aldebaran in Taurus in about 2 million years.
(SFC, 3/4/96, p.A5)(SFEC, 9/28/97, p.A14)(SFC, 4/30/01, p.A7)
1972 Mar 2, Jean-Bédel Bokassa appointed himself President for life of the Central African Republic.
1972 Mar 2, In Jamaica Michael Manley (1924-1997, Socialist and champion of the nonaligned movement, was sworn in as prime minister.
(SFC, 3/8/96, p.A21)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_Manley)
1972 Mar 3, Sculpted figures of Jefferson Davis, Robert E Lee, and Stonewall Jackson were completed at Stone Mountain, GA.
1972 Mar 5, Greek composer Mikis Theodorakis (b.1925) left the communist party.
1972 Mar 6, Shaquille O'Neal, NBA center (Magic, Lakers, Oly-gold-96), was born in Newark, NJ.
1972 Mar 6, Jack Nicklaus, passed Arnold Palmer as golf's all-time money winner. He captured the Doral Eastern Open golf tournament to run his career earnings up to $1,477,200.
1972 Mar 7, Republican Richard Nixon won the New Hampshire primary over Paul McCloskey 67.6 to 19.8%. Democrat Edmund Muskie won over George McGovern 46.4 to 37.1%.
(SSFC, 1/25/04, p.A19)(http://tinyurl.com/5dndxk)
1972 Mar 8, Pres. Nixon signed Executive Order 11652 lifting a 50-year secrecy ban on the exploits of the more than 6,000 Nisei, second-generation Japanese-Americans, who helped decode Japanese messages and who provided crucial information on Japanese military operations during WW II.
(SFC, 5/26/96, Par p.14)(http://tinyurl.com/64kjn2)
1972 Mar 8, Gen’l. John D. Lavelle, Seventh Air Force Commander in Vietnam, decreased the bombing raids against North Vietnam when he became the target of a congressional investigation.
(SFEC, 10/18/98, BR p.8)
1972 Mar 9, Edwin W. Edwards began serving as governor of Louisiana and continued to Mar 10, 1980.
1972 Mar 12, “The Limits to Growth: A Report for the Club of Rome’s Project on the Predicament of Mankind." was presented publicly at the Smithsonian Institute in Washington. It was translated into 30 languages and 10 million copies of the book were sold, helping the Club of Rome gain the world stage. Donella Meadows (1941-2001) Dennis L. Meadows, Jorgen Randers, and William W. Behrens III co-authored the report.
(SFC, 2/21/01, p.A22)(www.clubofrome.at/peccei/limits.html)
1972 Mar 12, The U.K. and China agreed to establish a full diplomatic relationship. China, newly admitted to the UN, said it wanted Hong Kong back.
(SFEC, 6/22/97, p.A14)(SFC, 7/1/97, p.A8)(HN, 3/12/98)
1972 Mar 14, Pres. Nixon remarked "It’s better to chase girls than boys…" after columnist Jack Anderson reported that Ambassador Arthur Watson had groped flight attendants on a trip home from Paris. A Congressional investigation prompted Watson’s resignation.
(SFC, 3/1/02, p.A3)
1972 Mar 17, Nixon asked Congress to halt busing in order to achieve desegregation.
1972 Mar 19, India and Bangladesh signed a friendship treaty.
1972 Mar 19, The illegal Soviet-era journal "Chronicle of the Lithuanian Catholic Church" was 1st published. 5 issues were published up to 1987.
1972 Mar 21, The US Supreme Court, in Dunn v. Blumstein, ruled that states may not require at least a year's residency for voting eligibility.
1972 Mar 22, The US Congress passed the Equal Rights Amendment to the Constitution and sent it to the states for ratification. The amendment died in 1982 when it fell three states short of the 38, two-thirds, needed for approval.
(AP, 3/22/97)(HN, 3/22/97)(www.infoplease.com/spot/womenstimeline1.html)
1972 Mar 22, The Supreme Court Eisenstadt vs. Baird decision struck down a law that banned the distribution of birth control devices to unmarried people.
(SFC, 7/25/97, p.A8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eisenstadt_v._Baird)
1972 Mar 23, Pres. Nixon discussed his orders to undermine Chilean democracy after the leak of corporate papers revealing collaboration between ITT and the CIA to rollback the election of socialist leader Salvador Allende.
1972 Mar 23, The U.S. called a halt to the peace talks on Vietnam being held in Paris.
1972 Mar 24, The US announces a boycott of the Paris peace talks as President Nixon accuses Hanoi of refusing to "negotiate seriously."
1972 Mar 24, Great Britain imposed direct rule over Northern Ireland. The province’s parliament was suspended at the height of sectarian violence.
(HN, 3/24/98)(SFC, 4/11/98, p.A1)
1972 Mar 25, In El Salvador a group of young army officers, led by Colonel Benjamin Mejia, launched a coup. Their immediate goal was the establishment of a "revolutionary junta." It seemed clear, however, that the officers favored the installation of Jose Duarte as president.
1972 Mar 26, "Only Fools Are Sad" closed at Edison Theater in NYC after 144 performances.
1972 Mar 26, Evil Knievel broke his collarbone after successfully clearing 13 cars.
1972 Mar 27, The Addis Ababa accords ended fighting between north and south Sudan. It made the south a self-governing region. Pres. Gaafar Muhammed Nimeiri ended the 17 year civil war in the Sudan between the north and south.
(www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/war/sudan-civil-war1.htm)(WSJ, 10/22/03, p.A4)
1972 Mar 29, J. Arthur Rank (b.1888), 1st Baron Rank, British industrialist and film producer, died.
1972 Mar 30, Hanoi launched its heaviest attack in four years, crossing the DMZ in the Easter offensive. 200,000 North Vietnamese soldiers under the command of General Vo Nguyen Giap wage an all-out attempt to conquer South Vietnam. The offensive is a tremendous gamble by Giap and is undertaken as a result of US troop withdrawal, the strength of the anti-war movement in America likely preventing a US retaliatory response, and the poor performance of South Vietnam's Army during Operation Lam Son 719 in 1971. The Communist Easter invasion in South Vietnam was defeated.
(WSJ, 10/5/98, p.A21)(www.historyplace.com/unitedstates/vietnam/index-1969.html)
1972 Mar, The El Nino weather pattern was noticed to have caused trade winds on the equator to turn around.
(SFC, 10/7/97, p.A5)(www.fao.org/sd/eidirect/eian0008.htm)
1972 Mar, In Zaire (CongoDRC) the Trico II nuclear research reactor went on line.
(WSJ, 5/30/97, p.A4)(www.globalsecurity.org/wmd/world/congo/index.html)
1972 Apr 1, A US baseball strike began and lasted to April 13.
1972 Apr 2, Tennessee Williams' "Small Craft Warnings," premiered in NYC.
1972 Apr 2, In response to the North Vietnamese Easter Offensive, President Nixon authorized the US 7th Fleet to target NVA troops massed around the Demilitarized Zone with air strikes and naval gunfire.
1972 Apr 3, Charlie Chaplin (1889-1977) returned to the US after a twenty-year absence.
1972 Apr 3, Ferde Grofe (b.1892), US pianist and composer (Grand Canyon Suite), died.
1972 Apr 4, In further response to the North Vietnamese Easter Offensive, US President Nixon authorized a massive bombing campaign targeting all NVA troops invading South Vietnam along with B-52 air strikes against North Vietnam. "The bastards have never been bombed like they're going to be bombed this time," Nixon privately declares.
1972 Apr 4, Adam Clayton Powell Jr. (b.1908), American politician, died in Florida. He was elected to the US House of Representatives from Harlem in 1945 and became chair of the Education and Labor Committee in 1961. He was the first black Congressman from New York.
1972 Apr 5, The Harrisburg 7 trial ended in mistrial after 11 weeks. Philip Berrigan & Sister Elizabeth McAllister were declared guilty, but only of smuggling letters in & out of prison.
1972 Apr 6, Six US helicopter crew members were killed in Vietnam during a heroic rescue attempt of Air Force Lt. Col. Iceal Hambleton (1918-2004), who had been shot down on April 2. Five aircraft crews were shot down during the rescue attempts. The 1988 film "Bat-21" was about their mission. Hambleton was rescued on April 13.
(SFC,11/19/97, p.A3)(SFC, 5/29/03, p.A19)(www.taskforceomegainc.org/g095.html)
1972 Apr 6, US Capt. John W. Ripley (d.2008 at 69) helped stop a column of North Vietnamese tanks by blowing up a pair of bridges at Dong Ha during the 1972 Easter Offensive of the Vietnam War.
1972 Apr 7, Richard McCoy (1942-1974), Vietnam veteran and pilot, hijacked a United Air Lines jet and extorted $500,000 in copycat version of the DB Cooper crime. He parachuted into a Utah desert, but was caught with the money in his house and was sentenced to 40 years in prison. He escaped and died in a shootout with FBI agent Nicholas O’Hara in Nov, 1974.
(SFEC, 11/17/96, Z1 p.5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_McCoy,_Jr.)
1972 Apr 7, "Crazy" Joe Gallo, flamboyant mobster, was gunned down at his 43rd birthday party in Manhattan’s Umberto's Clam House.
(SFC, 12/30/04, p.A2)
1972 Apr 7, Sheik Abeid Amane Karume, Zanzibari vice-president of the republic of Tanzania, was assassinated.
(Econ, 12/13/03, p.43)(www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1G2-3404703463.html)
1972 Apr 10, In the 44th Academy Awards "French Connection," Gene Hackman and Jane Fonda won.
1972 Apr 10, The United States and the Soviet Union joined some 70 nations in signing an agreement banning biological warfare: The Biological and Toxins Weapons Convention (BWC). A defector in 1990 revealed that the Soviet biological weapons program was twice the size of the highest US intelligence estimates. The convention banned the development, production, and stockpiling of bacteriological and toxic weapons. In 1973 the Soviet Union created Biopreparat, an ultra secret biological weapons program that involved laboratories at a minimum of 47 sites across Russia.
(AP, 4/10/97)(WSJ, 7/21/97, p.A22)(SFEC, 8/10/97, p.A3)(SFC, 8/28/97, p.C2)
1972 Apr 10, A 6.9 earthquake in the Iranian province of Fars killed over 5,000 people.
1972 Apr 13, The first US Major League baseball strike ended after 13 days.
1972 Apr 15, Canada’s PM Pierre Trudeau and President Richard Nixon met in Ottawa to sign the Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement. The agreement followed measurements that showed that high concentrations of phosphorus and nitrogen led to the lakes being choked to death from vegetation and algae. Methods for quantifying eutrophication had been developed by Swiss scientist Richard Vollenweider (1922-2007).
(http://tinyurl.com/ygrc3p)(WSJ, 2/3/07, p.A8)
1972 Apr 16, Apollo 16 blasted off on a voyage to the moon.
1972 Apr 16, The Republic of China presented two Pandas to the US National Zoo: Hsing-Hsing (d.1999) and Ling-Ling. Ling-Ling died in 1992.
(SFC, 4/16/97, p.C14)(HN, 4/16/98)(SFC, 11/29/99, p.A2)
1972 Apr 16, In Japan Yasunari Kawabata (b.1899), a Nobel laureate in literature (1968), committed suicide without explanation.
(SFEC, 1/25/98, Z1 p.2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yasunari_Kawabata)
1972 Apr 17, A handful of women were first accepted as entrants to the Boston marathon.
(SFC, 3/10/00, p.D8)(www.boston.com/marathon/history/1972.shtml)
1972 Apr 17, In Louisiana Angola prison guard Brent Miller was stabbed to death. Herman Wallace (d.2013), who was serving a 50-year sentence for armed robbery, was indicted in 1973 for the killing and put into colitary confinement for the next 4 decades. Wallace died a week after a judge ordered a new trial because women had been excluded from the grand jury indictment. In a separate trial, Albert Woodfox was also convicted in the murder of Brent Miller and sentenced to life in prison.
(SFC, 10/5/13, p.A5)(http://tinyurl.com/pp96vyn)
1972 Apr 19, The Broadway production Don't Bother Me, I Can't Cope" opened at the Playhouse Theatre, where it ran for two months before transferring to the Edison. It had a total run of 1065 performances. The cast included Grant, Alex Bradford, and Hope Clarke.
1972 Apr 20, The manned lunar module from Apollo 16 landed on the moon.
1972 Apr 21, Apollo 16 astronauts John Young and Charles Duke explored the surface of the moon with Boeing Lunar Rover #2.
1972 Apr 23, In the 26th Tony Awards, held in NYC, "Sticks & Bones" won as best play and "Two Gentlemen of Verona" won as best musical.
1972 Apr 24, Natalie Clifford Barney (b.1876), lesbian writer and US expatriate, died in Paris. In 2002 Suzanne Rodriguez authored "Wild Heart, A Life: Natalie Clifford Barney’s Journey From Victorian America to the Literary Salons of Paris."
(SSFC, 10/27/02, p.M6)(www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=7157)
1972 Apr 25, Hans-Werner Grosse (b.1922), German glider pilot, glided 907.7 miles (1,461 km) in an AS-W-12.
1972 Apr 25, George Sanders (b.1906), Russia-born English actor, died of suicide. He received an Academy Award as Best Supporting actor for his role in “All About Eve” (1950).
1972 Apr 27, Apollo 16 returned to Earth.
1972 April 27, The German opposition took advantage of the crumbling Bundestag majority of the social-liberal coalition to bring a vote of no-confidence against Willy Brandt. In a secret vote, Rainer Barzel failed to achieve the required majority in the Bundestag and Willy Brandt remained Federal Chancellor.
1972 Apr 27, Kwame Nkrumah (62), former president of Ghana, died in Romania of cancer.
1972 Apr, The US government filed suit against the 3 major television networks for monopolizing prime-time entertainment with their own programs. The suits were dismissed in 1974 after the Nixon White House refused to turn over subpoenaed records.
(SFC, 12/1/97, p.A7)
1972 Apr, Douglas Osheroff, graduate student at Cornell, found that Helium-3 will become a superfluid at very cold temperatures.
(SFC, 10/10/96, p.A15)
1972 Apr, Iraq and the USSR signed a Treaty of Friendship.
1972 May 1, South Vietnamese abandoned Quang Tri City to the NVA.
1972 May 2, The play "That Championship Season" by Jason Miller (1939-2001) premiered in NYC off Broadway. A film version premiered in 1982.
1972 May 2, In Idaho a fire at the Sunshine Mine precipitated the death of 91 underground employees by smoke inhalation and/or carbon monoxide poisoning.
1972 May 2, J. Edgar Hoover (b.1895), head of the FBI (1924-72), died in Washington. Hoover had come to the forefront of federal law enforcement during the "Red Scare" of 1919 to 1920. The Watergate affair subsequently revealed that the FBI had illegally protected President Richard Nixon from investigation. Ronald Kessler later published "The FBI: Inside the World's Most Powerful Law Enforcement Agency."
(AP, 5/2/97)(SFEC, 6/6/99, p.A19)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/J._Edgar_Hoover)
1972 May 2, Camp Carroll was officially surrendered to the North Vietnamese and Viet Cong. This was the first major victory for the North Vietnamese Army during the Nguyen Hue Offensive. The Viet Cong's Provisional Revolutionary Government immediately imposed their authority in the province, as collective farms were set up and strict rules instilled by the Viet Cong were forced on the villagers.
1972 May 4, The remains of the ship Gjoe, a converted herring boat used by Roald Amundsen to cross the Northwest Passage (1903-1905), departed San Francisco for Oslo, Norway. A commemorative sculpture was left next to the Beach Chalet at Ocean Beach.
(SFC, 4/17/00, p.D8)(WSJ, 4/18/00, p.A16)(Ind, 4/27/02, 5A)
1972 May 5, Alitalia’s DC-8 Flight 112 crashed west of Palermo, Sicily; killing 115.
1972 May 7, Ralph Eugene Meatyard (b.1925), photographer, died. His work included a series of photos called The Family Album of Lucybelle Carter" based on the short story "The Life You Save May Be Your Own" by Flannery O’Connor.
(SFC, 10/5/02, p.D10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ralph_Eugene_Meatyard)
1972 May 7, Justin Ahomadegbe-Tometin (1917-2002) became president of Dahomey (later Benin) as part of a system that rotated the office between three leading political figures: Ahomadegbe, Hubert Maga, and Sourou-Migan Apithy. He was overthrown on October 26.
1972 May 8, In response to the ongoing NVA Easter Offensive, President Nixon announced Operation Linebacker I, the mining of North Vietnam's harbors along with intensified bombing of roads, bridges, and oil facilities. The announcement brought international condemnation of the US and ignited more anti-war protests in America.
1972 May 8, A Belgian Sabena aircraft, bound for Tel Aviv, was hijacked by 4 Palestinians. At Lod Intl. 2 hijackers were shot and killed by Israeli military personnel, dressed as ground engineers. One passenger died 8 days later as a result of her wounds. The two women hijackers were subsequently sentenced to life imprisonment.
1972 May 10, US Navy pilot Duke Cunningham shot down 3 North Vietnamese MiGs before finessing his badly damaged and burning F-4 out of enemy territory and over safe waters where he and his co-pilot could eject. In 2005 as a US Congressman from San Diego, he pleaded guilty to bribery charges in defense deals.
(WSJ, 1/5/07, p.B10)
1972 May 11, US pilot First Lt. Michael Joseph Blassie (b.1948) was shot down by anti-aircraft fire after having logged 137 combat missions. His remains were entombed on Memorial Day, 1984, at the Tomb of the Unknowns at Arlington. In 1998 his remains were exhumed and identified by DNA testing.
(SFC, 1/20/98, p.A2)(SFC, 6/30/98, p.A1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_Blassie)
1972 May 11, The SF Giants traded Willie Mays (b.1931) to the New York Mets.
(SFEC,12/797, Z1 p.5)(www.ultimatemets.com/profile.php?PlayerCode=0201)
1972 May 13, Milwaukee Brewers beat Minn. Twins, 4-3, in 22 innings. The game had started the evening of May 12.
1972 May 13, There was a burglary at the Chilean Embassy in Washington DC. Two members of Pres. Nixon's secret White House team, known as the plumbers, were involved. Nixon later blamed the robbery on White House counsel John Dean.
(SFC, 2/26/99, p.A4)
1972 May 13, Dan Blocker (b.1928), actor (Hoss-Bonanza), died.
1972 May 13, In Osaka, Japan, 118 died in a nightclub atop the 7-story Sennichi dept store.
1972 May 15, Alabama’s Gov. George Wallace was shot by Arthur Bremer while campaigning in Laurel, Maryland, for the Democratic presidential primary. Wallace was left paralyzed. In 2007 Bremer was released from jail after serving 35 of his 53 year sentence.
(HFA, '96, p.30)(SFC, 8/16/96, p.D11)(AP, 5/15/97)(AP, 11/9/07)
1972 May 15, The US returned Okinawa and the Senkaku Islands to Japan. The US had taken them over after WW II. Japan had begun administering Senkaku Islands between Okinawa and Taiwan in 1895.
(SFEC, 10/8/96, A8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Senkaku_Islands_dispute)
1972 May 17, In Italy Luigi Calabresi, head of the political dept. of the Milan police, was killed. He had been falsely suspected of having killed the anarchist Giuseppe Pinelli in 1969. In 1988 Leonardo Marino, a former far left Lotta Continua militant, confessed that he drove a getaway car and that Adriano Sofri (b.1942), a writer, had masterminded the killing. On July 28, 1988, Sofri was arrested with Ovidio Bompressi and Giorgio Pietrostefani for the alleged murder of Calabresi. Sofri was convicted in 2000.
(WSJ, 3/12/02, p.A22)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adriano_Sofri)
1972 May 18, "Me & The Chimp" last aired on CBS-TV.
1972 May 18, Eero Aukusti Sipila (53), Finnish composer, died.
1972 May 19, Kathy Boudin and Bernardine Dohrn, members of the Weathermen, set explosives in bathroom of the US Pentagon. [See Oct 20,1981]
(WSJ, 11/26/03, p.A1)(http://hnn.us/articles/1155.html)
1972 May 22, President Nixon began a visit to the Soviet Union, the 1st for a US president, during which he and Kremlin leaders signed the SALT I arms limitation treaty.
1972 May 22, The island nation of Ceylon became the republic of Sri Lanka, which is Sinhala for resplendent land, with the adoption of a new constitution under PM Sirimavo Bandaranaike. Sinhala was made the official language and Buddhism the state religion.
(SFC, 6/20/96, p.A8)(AP, 5/22/97)(HNQ, 5/23/98)(SFC, 5/30/00, p.A25)
1972 May 25, The final US CORONA reconnaissance satellite was launched.
1972 May 26, President Richard M. Nixon and Soviet Communist Party chief Leonid Brezhnev signed in Moscow the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty, an arms reduction agreement that became known as SALT (Strategic Arms Limitation Talks). The US withdrew from the treaty in 2002.
(SSFC, 8/8/04, p.B5)(AP, 5/26/07)
1972 May 28, Operatives working for the Committee to Re-elect the President (CRP) burglarized the Democratic National Committee headquarters in the Washington, DC, Watergate office complex.
1972 May 28, Edward VIII, the Duke of Windsor (b.1894), died of throat cancer in Paris. He had abdicated the English throne (1936) to marry Wallis Warfield Simpson (1937).
1972 May 30, Three militants of the Japanese Red Army staged a machine-gun and hand-grenade attack at the Lod Airport in Israel. 24 people were killed and a 100 injured. The terrorists found refuge in Lebanon until 1997 when they were arrested. Kozo Okamoto served 13 years of a life sentence in Israel. In 2000 Lebanon granted asylum to Kozo Okamoto. 4 other Japanese Red Army members were deported to Japan.
(SFC, 2/19/96, p.A8)(SFC, 3/18/00, p.A3)
1972 Jun 1, Iraq nationalized the Iraq Petroleum Company controlled by British, American, Dutch and French oil companies.
(SFC, 9/24/02, p.A10)(www.globalpolicy.org/security/oil/5873nation.htm)
1972 Jun 1, Hanoi admits that the US Operation Linebacker I is causing severe disruptions.
1972 Jun 2, Dion & the Belmonts held a reunion concert at Madison Square Garden.
1972 Jun 2, Pres. Nixon in discussion with aide Charles Colson said: We want to decimate the god-damned place… North Vietnam is going to get reordered… it’s about time. It’s what should have been done years ago."
(SFC, 3/1/02, p.A3)
1972 Jun 3, The Rolling Stones began their US tour and concluded it on July 26. They hired Robert Frank to film a documentary. The result was the film "C-Blues." In 1999 Dora Loewenstein authored "The Rolling Stones: A Life on the Road."
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Rolling_Stones_American_Tour_1972)(SFEC, 4/12/98, DB p.56)(SFEM, 1/17/99, p.6)
1972 Jun 3, Sally J. Priesand (25) was ordained the 1st female US rabbi by Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion in Cincinnati, Ohio. Upon ordination Rabbi Pries accepted a position at Stephen Wise Free Synagogue in NYC where she served for seven years, first as Assistant Rabbi and then as Associate Rabbi. From 1979-1981, she was Rabbi of Temple Beth El in Elizabeth, New Jersey and also served as Chaplain at Manhattan's Lenox Hill Hospital. Since 1981, she has served as Rabbi of Monmouth Reform Temple in New Jersey.
1972 Jun 4, Black militant Angela Davis was found not guilty of murder, kidnapping, and criminal conspiracy.
1972 Jun 5, A United Nations Conference on the Human Environment began in Stockholm. World Environment Day (WED) from this day on was celebrated every year on 5 June to raise global awareness of the need to take positive environmental action.
1972 Jun 5, Yugoslav president Tito (1892-1980) visited the USSR and received the Order of Lenin, the highest national order of the USSR.
1972 Jun 6, David Bowie, English rock musician, released his album "The Rise and Fall of Ziggy Stardust and the Spiders From Mars."
(SFC, 8/20/98, p.E3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ziggy_Stardust)
1972 Jun 6, The US aircraft carrier Coral Sea (CVA 43) launched three Marine A-6 Intruders and six Navy A-7 Corsair attack planes toward the coast of North Vietnam. Shortly afterward, the naval aircraft laid strings of thirty-six 1,000-pound Mark 52 mines in the water approaches to Haiphong, through which most of North Vietnam's imported war material and all of its fuel supply passed.
1972 Jun 6, In Rhodesia (later Zimbabwe) 418 people were killed in an underground explosion at a mine.
1972 Jun 7, The musical "Grease" opened at the Broadhurst Theatre, where it ran for five months before transferring to the Royale Theatre. It had initially opened at the Eden Theater in Manhattan on Feb 14,1972.
1972 Jun 7, German Chancellor Willy Brandt began a 5-day visit to Israel.
1972 Jun 8, John Plummer, helicopter pilot and operations officer in Vietnam, ordered the bombing of the village of Trang Bang. He did not know that villagers had taken refuge there. AP photographer Nick Ut took a photo of screaming children struck by napalm that showed 9-year-old Phan Thi Kim Phuc standing naked in agony. Alan Downes (1938-1996) filmed live TV footage of 9-year-old Kim Phuc and other children as they fled down Highway One in South Vietnam to escape a village under US napalm attack. On Nov 11, 1996 Plummer met with Phan Thi Kim at the Vietnam memorial in Washington in reconciliation. It was later disclosed that the actual pilot responsible was a South Vietnamese air force officer. In 2000 Denise Chong authored "The Girl in the Picture: The Story of Kim Phuc and the Photograph That Changed the course of the Vietnam War."
(SFC, 10/11/96, p.A24)(SFC, 11/12/96, p.A3)(SFEC, 4/13/97, p.A1,12)(SFC,12/18/97, p.A3)(SFEC, 8/20/00, BR p.1)
1972 Jun 9, Joseph Brodsky (1940-1996), Russian poet, arrived in Ann Arbor, Mich., after being deported from the Soviet Union. He won the 1987 Nobel Prize in Poetry.
(LSA, Fall/02, p.10)(www.nobelprizes.com/nobel/literature/1987a.html)
1972 Jun 9, John Paul Vann, American military adviser, was killed in a helicopter accident in South Vietnam. He posthumously was awarded the highest American civilian award, the Presidential Medal of Freedom.
1972 Jun 12, The film “Deep Throat” was released in NYC. Linda Lovelace, aka Linda Boreman (1949-2002), made a hit with her film, the first movie to score a 100 from Screw Magazine. She signed for the film after a performance in which she was mounted by a German shepherd. Boreman later became an anti-porn advocate.
(WSJ, 4/10/97, p.A12)(www.imdb.com/title/tt0068468/)(SFC, 4/23/02, p.A18)
1972 Jun 12, Richard Kleindienst (1923-2000) was sworn in as the attorney general after John Mitchell left to head the Committee to Re-Elect the President.
(SFC, 2/4/00, p.D9)(www.answers.com/topic/richard-kleindienst)
1972 Jun 12, At a hearing in front the of a U.S. House of Representatives committee, Air Force General John Lavalle defended his orders on engagement in Vietnam.
1972 Jun 12, Saul Alinsky (b.1909), founder of the Industrial Areas Foundation, died in Carmel, Ca. He is generally considered the father of community organizing.
(SFC, 9/16/98, p.A5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saul_Alinsky)
1972 Jun 12, Edmund Wilson (b.1895), author and American literary critic, died. His novels included “Memoirs of Hecate County” (1946). In 1995 Jeffrey Meyers wrote a biography of Mr. Wilson, wherein he documented Wilson’s relationships with four wives and numerous mistresses as well as his writings. In 2005 Lewis M. Dabney authored “Edmund Wilson: A Life in Literature.” In 2007 the Library of America published 2 volumes of his literary criticism.
(WSJ, 4/26/95, p.A-14)(WSJ, 8/26/05, p.W6)(www.nndb.com/people/238/000084983/)(WSJ, 9/28/07, p.W4)
1972 Jun 15, Ulrike Meinhof (1934-1976), co-leader of the Baader-Meinhof gang, was arrested in West Germany.
(SFC, 1/10/01, p.A8)(WSJ, 4/3/09, p.A15)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ulrike_Meinhof)
1972 Jun 17, President Nixon's eventual downfall began when five men were arrested for breaking into the Democratic National Committee offices at the Watergate hotel at 1:52 a.m. Carl Schloffler (1945-1996), undercover police officer, made the arrest. Within hours of the bust G. Gordon Liddy attempted to shred all related documents. The five burglars were soon linked to Nixon's Committee for the Re-election of the President (CREEP) and, as suspicion grew, Nixon conspired to obstruct an FBI investigation of the incident. Nixon's conversations about the obstruction and subsequent cover-up had been tape-recorded as part of a secret tape-recording system revealed to investigators by Nixon's schedule keeper. Jeb Magruder later wrote "An American Life." The book has been described as the most accurate description of what happened. Stanley I. Kutler later authored "The Wars of Watergate." Liddy later asserted that John Dean was really after a brochure of call-girl pictures kept by DNC secretary Ida Wells that included a picture of Dean’s girlfriend, Maureen Biner.
(SFC, 4/13/96, p.A-2)(TMC, 1994, p.1972)(SFC, 7/16/96, p.A14)(SFC, 2/1/99, p.A3) (HNPD, 6/17/99)(SFC, 2/4/00, p.D9)(SFC, 1/31/01, p.A2)
1972 Jun 17, Chile’s president Allende changed his Cabinet. The two most prominent departures were Brigadier General Pedro Palacios Cameron from Mines and Pedro Vuskovic from Economy.
1972 Jun 18, A BEA Trident, Flight BE548, crashed after takeoff from Heathrow killing 118 people.
1972 Jun 19, Ronald L. Ziegler, the president's Press Secretary, characterized the break-in that had occurred two days earlier at the Democratic National Committee in the Watergate, "a third-rate burglary." Links between the burglars and White House consultant E. Howard Hunt and the Committee to Reelect the President soon surfaced, leading to the Watergate scandals that resulted in the resignation of President Nixon on August 9, 1974.
1972 Jun 19, Two days after the botched Watergate break-in, FBI official W. Mark Felt secretly assured Bob Woodward that The Washington Post could safely make a connection between the burglars and a former CIA agent linked to the White House, E. Howard Hunt. Woodward’s secret source for information became known as Deep Throat, and Felt’s name was not made public until 2005. In 2006 Mark Felt and John O’Connor authored “A G-Man’s Life: The FBI, Being “Deep Throat,” and the Struggle for Honor in Washington.”
(http://tinyurl.com/cva26)(SSFC, 5/21/06, p.M3)
1972 Jun 19, The US Supreme Court voted 5-3 to confirm lower court rulings in the Curt Flood case, which upheld baseball's exemption from antitrust laws.
1972 Jun 20, President Richard Nixon named General Creigton Abrams as Commander-in-Chief of the U.S. armed forces.
1972 Jun 20, Pres. Nixon recorded on tape information relating to the Jun 16 Watergate break-in. Sections of the tape were later erased, allegedly accidentally by sec. Rose Mary Woods. A panel of experts examined the tape to see if the 18-minute gap was intentional. Richard H. Bolt (d.2002 at 90), acoustic expert at Bolt, Beranek and Newman, later said that if it was an accident than it was committed at least 5 times in the 18 minutes.
(SFC, 2/4/02, p.B5)
1972 Jun 21, The TV sitcom "Corner Bar" began its 1st of 2 seasons.
(SFEC, 3/30/97, DB. p.35)(www.imdb.com/title/tt0546094/)
1972 Jun 23, President Nixon and White House chief of staff H.R. Haldeman discussed a plan to use the CIA to obstruct the FBI's Watergate investigation. Revelation of the tape recording of this conversation sparked Nixon's resignation in 1974. In the "smoking gun" tape Pres. Nixon told his chief of Staff, H.R. Haldeman, to tell top CIA officials that "the president believes this (in reference to Watergate) is going to open the whole Bay of Pigs thing up again." Nixon counseled Haldeman on how to use deception to thwart an FBI investigation on how Watergate was financed.
(SFC, 6/23/96, p.B11)(SFC, 11/19/96, p.A10)(AP, 6/23/97)
1972 Jun 23, Pres. Nixon signed the federal Title IX of the Education Amendment for nondiscrimination and affirmative action. It was most often associated with bolstering women’s sports programs. It was an amendment to the 1964 Civil Rights Act.
(GEG, 6/96, p.4)(SFC, 6/23/98, p.A3)(WSJ, 4/25/02, p.D9)(SSFC, 6/24/07, p.E1)
1972 Jun 24, The song "I Am Woman," by Helen Reddy, was released by Capitol Records.
1972 Jun 28, US Pres. Nixon announced that no new draftees will be sent to Vietnam. South Vietnamese troops began a counter-offensive to retake Quang Tri Province, aided by US Navy gunfire and B-52 bombardments.
1972 Jun 29, The US Supreme Court ruled in Furman v. Georgia that the death penalty could constitute "cruel and unusual punishment." The ruling prompted states to revise their capital punishment laws. Four years later, the Supreme Court reinstated the death penalty for murder cases.
1972 Jun 29, The US Supreme Court ruled in Branzburg v. Hayes that “The First Amendment does not relieve a newspaper reporter of the obligation that all citizens have to respond to a grand jury subpoena and answer questions relevant to a criminal investigation, and therefore the Amendment does not afford him a constitutional testimonial privilege for an agreement he makes to conceal facts relevant to a grand jury's investigation of a crime or to conceal the criminal conduct of his source or evidence thereof.”
(Econ, 4/14/07, p.35)(www.bc.edu/bc_org/avp/cas/comm/free_speech/branzburg.html)
1972 Jun, George Balanchine and his NYC Ballet presented 22 new dances set to the music of Stravinsky: "Symphony in Three Movements."
(WSJ, 11/21/02, p.D6)
1972 Jul 1, Ms. Magazine published its first regular issue. Ms. was launched as a "one-shot" sample insert in New York Magazine in December 1971. The first stand-alone issue appeared in January 1972.
1972 Jul 1, "Hair" closed at Biltmore Theater in NYC after 1750 performances.
1972 Jul 1, The first Rainbow Gathering began in Colorado’s Roosevelt National Forest. It has been held annually in the United States from July 1 - 7 every year on National Forest land.
(SFC, 7/4/97, p.A3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rainbow_Gathering)
1972 Jul 2, India and Pakistan signed the Simla Agreement that provided for a bilateral settlement of disputes and a "Line of Control" in Kashmir. Article 6 of the accord clearly states: "Both governments agree... to discuss further the modalities and arrangements for the establishment of durable peace and normalization of relations," including "a final settlement of the Jammu and Kashmir."
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shimla_Agreement)(SSFC, 12/30/01, p.A22)
1972 Jul 4, Lee Hu-rak (1924-2009), South Korean President Park Chung-hee’s top intelligence officer, helped broker a joint statement in which the two Koreas agreed to work toward peacefully reunifying their divided peninsula. The July 4 joint communique was hailed as the first major accord between the Koreas on unification since the Korean War ended with a fragile truce in 1953.
1972 Jul 6, Pierre Messmer (1916-2007), former member of the French Resistance, began serving as prime minister of France under President Georges Pompidou.
1972 Jul 7, Athenagoras (b.1886), 268th patriarch of Constantinople, died.
1972 Jul 8, The US signed an agreement to sell grain to USSR for $750 million. Soviet grain buyers over 6 weeks purchased the US grain. This was later called the "great grain robbery" and the privately-held agribusiness giant Cargill played a major role. The story of Cargill was told in the 1998 book "Cargill Going Global" by Wayne Broehl Jr.
(http://tinyurl.com/5qvx8c)(PC, 1992, p.1040)
1972 Jul 9, The body Kwame Nkrumah (1909-1972), former head of Ghana (1952-1966), was returned to Nkroful, Ghana, for burial.
1972 Jul 10, During an extended drought a herd of stampeding elephants killed 24 in the Chandka Forest of India.
1972 Jul 11, American forces broke the 95-day siege at An Loc in Vietnam.
1972 Jul 13, George McGovern claimed the Democratic presidential nomination at the party's convention in Miami Beach, Fla. McGovern defeated Scoop Jackson for the nomination. McGovern’s campaign was led by Jean Westwood (d.1997 at 73), the first woman to chair a major US political party. McGovern was nominated as candidate with Sen. Eagleton for vice-president. Sen. Eagleton later dropped out after it was learned that he suffered from a serious clinical emotional illness. The Democratic competition for president included Vice-President Hubert Humphrey, Sen. Ed Muskie, Gov. Terry Sanford, Sen. Henry Jackson, Mayor John Lindsay, and Rep. Shirley Chisholm.
(WSJ, 8/5/96, p.A10)(WSJ, 2/26/96, p.A-10)(SFC, 8/23/97, p.A20)(AP, 7/13/07)
1972 Jul 14, The US State Department criticized actress Jane Fonda for making antiwar radio broadcasts in Hanoi, calling them "distressing."
1972 Jul 17, The first women since the 1920s were officially hired as special FBI agents.
1972 Jul 18, Egypt’s President Sadat demanded that the USSR withdraw all military advisors from Egypt.
1972 Jul 21, A total of 22 IRA-bombs exploded in Belfast killing 9 people including two soldiers. 130 civilians were injured in what came to be called Bloody Friday.
1972 Jul 22, Eddy Merckx (b.1945)), Belgian professional cyclist, won his 4th consecutive Tour de France.
(WSJ, 10/22/04, p.A1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1972_Tour_de_France)
1972 Jul 23, NASA launched the Landsat-1 satellite. It viewed Earth at different wavelengths and opened a new era in sensing the planet’s resources and environment.
(SFEC, 9/28/97, p.A14)
1972 Jul 24, Bhutan’s King Jigme Dorji Wangchuck died while on safari in Kenya. His son Jigme Druk Gyalpo Jigme Singye Wangchuck (b.1955), the 4th of his dynasty, became king.
(WSJ, 3/6/97, p.A1)(SFEC, 2/23/96, p.T5)(SSFC, 3/17/02, p.C10)
1972 Jul 25, US health officials conceded that blacks were used as guinea pigs in the 40 year Tuskegee Syphilis Study in Macon County, Ala. By this time 28 participants had died of syphilis, 100 were dead of related complications, at least 40 wives had been infected and 19 children had contracted the disease at birth [see 1932].
(www.npr.org/programs/morning/features/2002/jul/tuskegee/)(SSFC, 1/25/04, p.A27)
1972 Jul 27, "Applause" closed at Palace Theater in NYC after 900 performances.
1972 Jul 29, In Britain a national dock strike occurred.
(G&M, 7/31/97, p.A2)
1972 Jul 31, Thomas F. Eagleton was chosen by the Democratic Party convention and presidential candidate George McGovern on July 31, 1972 as the Vice presidential candidate. He withdrew from the 1972 Democratic Party ticket because of publicity surrounding his hospitalization for psychiatric treatment. The senator from Missouri was asked to withdraw by McGovern after reporters discovered and published information about his three hospitalizations for psychiatric disorders.
(AP, 7/31/97)(HNQ, 4/25/00)
1972 Jul 31, George Wright, dressed as a priest and using an alias, hijacked a Delta flight from Detroit to Miami with four other BLA members and three children. They released 86 other passengers in exchange for a $1 million ransom and forced the plane to fly to Boston. There an international navigator was taken aboard, and the plane was flown to Algeria, where the hijackers sought asylum. Wright's associates were tracked down, arrested, tried and convicted in Paris in 1976. In 2011 Wright (68) was arrested in Portugal.
1972 Jul 31, The British army launched "Operation Motorman" to regain control of Catholic parts of Belfast and Londonderry that had been closed off by IRA road barricades since 1971. An IRA attack followed in Claudy, Northern Ireland, and 3 car bombs killed 9 people. In 2002 a court case was reopened following allegations that Rev. Jim Chesney (d.1980), a deceased Roman Catholic priest, had led the Claudy attack. In 2010 a new report said the British government and the Roman Catholic church colluded to cover up the involvement of Rev. Jim Chesney.
(AP, 10/1/02)(AP, 11/29/05)(AP, 8/24/10)(Econ, 8/28/10, p.46)
1972 Jul, Robert Metcalf (b.1946) at Xerox's Palo Alto Research Center (PARC) combined packet switching from the Arpanet and single wire broadcasting to lay the foundations for computer networks. This system was called Ethernet and marked the first Internet message. The IEEE committee 802.3 later defined the Ethernet standard. He later fixed May 22, 1973, as the birthdate of Ethernet, a day on which he circulated a memo about his ideas to PARC colleagues.
(WSJ,11/14/94, p.R26)(SFEC, 3/28/99, Z1 p.8)(Econ, 6/12/04, p.26)(Econ, 12/12/09, p.23)
1972 Jul, Actress Jane Fonda traveled to North Vietnam and posed for a photograph with North Vietnamese soldiers. This sealed her reputation as "Hanoi Jane." She later regretted the photo.
(SFC, 6/21/00, p.E5)
1972 Aug 1, The 1st article exposing Watergate scandal was published by Bernstein and Woodward.
1972 Aug 3, The US Senate ratified the Anti Ballistic Missile Treaty (ABM treaty). It banned the construction of systems to defend against ballistic missile attacks. It had been signed in Moscow on May 26 and entered into force on October 3.
(SFC, 10/18/99, p.A5)(www.fas.org/nuke/control/abmt/)
1972 Aug 4, Arthur Bremer (b.1950) was sentenced to 63 years for shooting Alabama Gov. Wallace and 3 bystanders on May 15, 1972, in Laurel, Maryland. An appeal reduced the sentence to 53 years. After 35 years of incarceration, Bremer was released from prison on parole on November 9, 2007. He remains on probation until 2025 and resides in a halfway house in Cumberland, Maryland.
1972 Aug 4, Uganda’s president Idi Amin gave some 50,000 Asians 90 days to leave the country following an alleged dream in which, he claimed, God told him to expel them.
1972 Aug 8, A special meeting of the Democratic National Committee on August 8 chose R. Sargent Shriver, the former director of the Peace Corps, as McGovern‘s running mate. The Democrat ticket was swamped in the general election by incumbent President Richard Nixon in the November 7 election.
1972 Aug 9, The pesticide Compound 1080, or sodium fluoroacetate, was banned as of this day by the EPA. It had been used against coyotes but other animals were dying from its use. It was reinstated in 1985 for use in livestock protection collars. DDT was banned.
(http://fluoridealert.org/pesticides/sodium.fluoroacetate.epa.90.htm)(SFC, 5/17/97, p.A17)(SFC, 6/18/99, p.A3)
1972 Aug 10, An Earth-grazing meteoroid grazed the atmosphere above Canada. It entered the Earth's atmosphere in daylight over Utah.
1972 Aug 12, "Oh! Calcutta!" closed at Belasco Theater in NYC.
1972 Aug 12, As the last US ground troops left Vietnam, B-52's made their largest strike of the war.
(HN, 8/12/98)(AP, 8/12/01)
1972 Aug 15, In Argentina 22 members of guerrilla groups escaped from prison in the city of Rawson and took over the airport in nearby Trelew, about 800 miles south of Buenos Aires. Military forces guarding the airport managed to arrest 19, while three escaped by plane to Chile. 19 guerrillas were transferred to the base Almirante Zar. On August 22 they were machine-gunned in their cells. Alberto Camps, Mary Berger and Ricardo Haidar survived the attack and reported the crime, only to disappear in the late 1970s during the military dictatorship that lasted from 1976 to 1983. In 2008 federal police arrested two retired military officers in connection with the massacre of the 16 leftist guerrillas. In 1973 journalist Tomas Eloy Martínez authored “The Passion According to Trelew.” It was banned by the Argentine dictatorship.
(AP, 2/10/08)( www.bither-terry.org/latinamerica/?cat=20)
1972 Aug 15, The Italian town of Grazie di Curtatone began its Int’l. Street Painting Festival. This revived a 16th century practice by itinerant artists who traveled from village to village for religious and folk festivals.
(WSJ, 5/16/06, p.D6)
1972 Aug 16, The Moroccan Air Force attempted to shoot down a Boeing 727 carrying King Hassan II. The attempt failed and the coup leaders were arrested. Gen. Mohammad Oufkir was shot to death for the attack. In 2000 a letter was produced that implicated Abderrahmane Youssoufi, the prime minister, in conspiracy with Oufkir.
(SFC, 7/24/99, p.A9)(SFC, 12/15/00, p.D2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hassan_II_of_Morocco)
1972 Aug 17, The International Tribunal in The Hague pronounced that the Icelanders did not have sovereignty over the areas between 12 and 50 miles. The Icelandic government protested and decided to take no notice of this decree.
1972 Aug 21, The US Republican convention opened in Miami Beach, Florida.
1972 Aug 21, The US orbiting astronomy observatory Copernicus was launched.
1972 Aug 21, Donald A. Cameron, British aeronaut, made the 1st hot air balloon flight over the Alps.
1972 Aug 22, US Congress created the Idaho’s Sawtooth National Recreation Area.
(www.epa.gov/fedrgstr/EPA-IMPACT/1995/July/Day-28/pr-1138.html)(SFC, 12/11/99, p.A18)
1972 Aug 22, In Bratislava, Slovakia, the Novy Most (New Bridge) opened over the Danube. A section of the Old Town was bulldozed for its creation.
(Econ, 6/17/06, p.20)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nov%C3%BD_Most_Bratislava)
1972 Aug 23, The Republican National Convention, meeting in Miami Beach, Fla., nominated Vice President Spiro T. Agnew for a second term. The 1989 film "Born on the Fourth of July" portrayed the riots outside the Republican National Convention.
(SFEC, 11/3/96, Par p.2)(SFEC, 9/6/98, DB p.53)(AP, 8/23/97)
1972 Aug 26, The XX Olympiad opened in Munich, Germany. The IOC had withdrawn Rhodesia’s invitation to the summer Olympics after several African nations threatened a boycott.
1972 Aug 26, Sir Francis Chichester (b.1901), English adventurer, died. In 1966-67 he sailed around the world alone in his 53-foot yacht, Gypsy Moth IV.
1972 Aug 27, The USS Newport News CA-148 and three other ships (USS Rowan DD-782, USS Providence CLG-6, and USS Robison DDG-12) carried out a night time raid against heavily defended targets at the mouth of Haiphong Harbor.
1972 Aug 28, Prince William of Gloucester was killed in an air race near Wolverhampton in the west Midlands.
1972 Aug 29, Rene Leibowitz (b.1913), Warsaw-born French conductor and composer, died in Paris.
1972 Aug 31, At the Munich Summer Olympics American swimmer Mark Spitz won his fourth and fifth gold medals, in the 100-meter butterfly and 800-meter freestyle relay.
1972 Aug 31, Olga Korbut (b.1955) of Belarus, USSR, won Olympic gold medal in floor exercises and the balance beam.
1972 Sep 1, American Bobby Fischer won the international chess crown in Reykjavik, Iceland, defeating Boris Spassky of the Soviet Union.
1972 Sep 2, Dave Wottle of the United States won the men's 800-meter race at the Munich Summer Olympics.
1972 Sep 3, In San Francisco the Playland-at-the-Beach amusement park was bulldozed on Labor Day Weekend. Playland shut its gates and some 40 Fascination tables were transferred to a Market Street arcade. Fascination was invented by John Gibbs of Los Angeles and combined the skill of bowling with the luck of Bingo. The head of Laughing Sal was stolen on closure and turned up in 2004.
(SFC, 8/5/00, p.A1)(SSFC, 3/14/04, p.B2)(SSFC, 7/3/05, p.F6)(SFC, 5/31/08, p.B2)
1972 Sep 4, The TV game show "The Price Is Right" returned with Bob Barker and continued for 35 seasons. A nighttime version also began this year hosted by Dennis James (1917-1997) up to 1977.
(SFC, 6/5/97, p.A26)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dennis_James)
1972 Sep 4, U.S. swimmer Mark Spitz won a record seventh Olympic gold medal in the 400-meter relay at the Munich Summer Olympics.
1972 Sep 5, Terror struck the Munich Olympic games in West Germany as Arab guerrillas attacked the Israeli delegation. Palestinian terrorists killed 2 athletes and took 9 others and their coaches hostage. Eleven Israelis, five guerrillas and a police officer were killed in a 20-hour siege. The Palestinian commandos were linked to Carlos the Jackal, aka Ilich Ramirez Sanchez. In 1983 George Jonas authored “Vengeance,” an account of an Israeli hit squad ordered to track down those responsible for the Munich attack. In 2000 the TV documentary "One Day in September" depicted the events. In 2005 Aaron J. Klein authored “Striking Back,” and account of Israel’s response to the Munich attack. The 2005 the Stephen Spielberg film “Munich” was based on the book by George Jonas.
(SFC,12/11/97, p.C2)(WSJ, 9/8/00, p.W4)(WSJ, 12/21/05, p.D10)(WSJ, 1/14/06, p.A9)
1972 Sep 6, The Summer Olympics resumed in Munich, West Germany, a day after the deadly hostage crisis that claimed the lives of 11 Israelis and five Arab abductors.
1972 Sep 7, Pres. Nixon said that he wanted Ted Kennedy covered by a Secret Service spy because he saw him as a political threat.
(SFC, 2/8/97, p.A3)
1972 Sep 7, The Commissioner of Indian Affairs in a memorandum extended federal recognition to the Chippewa tribe of Sault Ste. Marie in Northern Michigan. The meaning of this federal recognition was further clarified in a memorandum by the Associate Solicitor for Indian Affairs on February 27, 1974.
1972 Sep 8, The Int’l. Olympic Committee banned Vince Matthews and Wayne Collett from further competition for talking to each other on the victory stand in Munich during the playing of the "Star-Spangled Banner" after winning the gold and silver medals in the 400-meter run.
1972 Sep 10, At the Munich Summer Olympics, the US Olympic basketball team lost to the Soviets, 51-50, in a gold-medal match marked by controversy because officials ordered the final three seconds of the game replayed, enabling the Soviets to win. The US protested, to no avail. Frank Shorter of the United States won the men's marathon at the Munich Olympics.
1972 Sep 11, The first trial of serial killer Juan Corona began in Colusa County, Ca. It ended up costing $350,000.
(www.trutv.com/library/crime/serial_killers/notorious/juan_corona/8.html)(SFC, 2/25/99, p.A13)
1972 Sep 11, Max Fleischer (b.1889), Viennese-born cartoonist, died in California. In the 1930s he introduced the character of 'Betty Boop' in the "Dizzy Dishes" cartoons which brought him great fame.
(SFC, 6/13/00, p.A22)(www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?GRid=7323557&page=gr)
1972 Sep 11, The troubled 20th Olympic games closed at Munich, German FR.
1972 Sep 12, The situation comedy "Maude" premiered on CBS and continued to 1978.
(AP, 9/12/02)(SFC, 1/17/13, p.D6)
1972 Sep 12, William Lawrence Boyd (b.1895), American film actor best known for portraying Hopalong Cassidy, died.
1972 Sep 14, The family drama series "The Waltons" premiered on CBS.
1972 Sep 15, Two former White House aides and five other men were indicted on charges of conspiracy in the break-in at Democratic National Committee headquarters in Washington.
1972 Sep 16, "The Bob Newhart Show" premiered on CBS and ended in 1978. Suzanne Pleshette (1937-2008) played Bob Newhart’s wife.
(AP, 9/16/97)(SSFC, 1/20/08, p.A2)
1972 Sep 16, Marine sergeant William Miller was shot and killed near Camp Lejeune, NC. In 2009 three people faced murder charges after prosecutors alleged that the murder was the result of a love triangle centered around Miller’s ex-wife, Vickie Babbitt. Fellow ex-Marine George Hayden (57), who married Babbit after Miller’s death, was alleged to have shot Miller. Ex-Marine Rodger Gill (56) was alleged to have witnessed the murder.
(SFC, 12/31/09, p.A7)
1972 Sep 16, South Vietnamese troops recaptured Quang Tri province in South Vietnam from the North Vietnamese Army.
1972 Sep 17, "M*A*S*H" (MASH) premiered on CBS-TV.
1972 Sep 18, Thousands of Gujarati Indians began arriving in Britain following their expulsion from Uganda by Dictator Idi Amin. Deprived of its business class the nation soon plummeted into economic chaos.
(http://tinyurl.com/2lm7n5)(SFC, 8/16/03, p.A21)
1972 Sep 19, Robert M Casadesus (b.1899), French pianist and composer, died in Paris. His Seventh Symphony, Op.68, with the chorus "Israel," was premiered at Alice Tully Hall at New York's Lincoln Center a few weeks later.
1972 Sep 19, A Black September letter bomb killed Ami Shehori (Shachori), Israeli attache at the embassy in London.
1972 Sep 20, The NBC TV series “Madigan” premiered with Richard Widmark (1914-2008).
(SFC, 3/27/08, p.A2)
1972 Sep 21, Ferdinand Marcos (b.1929) signed Proclamation 1081 placing the Philippines under a state of martial rule, which lasted for the next 14 years.
1972 Sep 26, Richard M. Nixon met with Emperor Hirohito in Anchorage, Alaska, the first-ever meeting of a U.S. President and a Japanese Monarch.
1972 Sep 28, Japan and Communist China agreed to re-establish diplomatic relations.
1972 Oct 1, Louis Leakey (b.1903), Kenyan archeologist and naturalist, died in London. He was flown home and interred at Limuru, Kenya, near the graves of his parents.
(SFC, 12/10/96, p.A6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_Leakey)
1972 Oct 4, Judge John Sirica imposed a gag order on the Watergate break-in case.
1972 Oct 6, In Saltillo, Mexico, a 22-car train carrying 2,000 religious pilgrims derailed and caught fire. 208 people were killed.
(SFC, 6/4/98, p.A15)(AP, 2/18/04)
1972 Oct 8, The TV series "Hec Ramsey" premiered with Richard Boone as a gunfighter intrigued with new methods of criminology. It was written, directed and produced by Douglas Benton (d.2000 at 75).
(SFC, 11/24/00, p.D11)(www.imdb.com/title/tt0068077/)
1972 Oct 11, There was an attempted prison escape at the Washington DC jail. In 1975 Appellants Frank Gorham, Jr., and Otis D. Wilkerson were indicted, along with co-defendants Meltonia Fields and Linda Ewing, on counts of conspiracy, introducing contraband into a penal institution, armed kidnapping, and armed robbery, and both appellants were indicted individually on counts of attempted escape and escape from custody. The charges grew out of appellants' abortive attempt to escape from the D.C. jail on October 11, 1972, and their successful escape two weeks later.
1972 Oct 11, In Turkey the National Salvation Party formed as the successor of the banned National Order Party (Milli Nizam Partisi, MNP). Necmettin Erbakan returned home to take leadership.
1972 Oct 11, A French mission in Vietnam was destroyed by a U.S. bombing raid.
1972 Oct 12, On the US aircraft carrier Kitty Hawk a series of incidents broke out wherein a group of blacks, armed with chains, wrenches, bars, broomsticks and other dangerous weapons, went marauding through sections of the ship disobeying orders to cease, terrorizing the crew, and seeking out white personnel for senseless beating with fists and with weapons which resulted in extremely serious injury to three men and the medical treatment of many more, including some blacks.
1972 Oct 12, US House Resolution 16444, establishing the Golden Gate National Recreation Area (GGNRA), was passed by Congress and was signed by President Richard Nixon 15 days later. The island of Alcatraz was incorporated into this park. California Congressman Phillip Burton pushed through legislation preserving thousands of acres of forested hills, valleys and rugged shoreline. Burton got Congress to agree to transfer the Presidio in San Francisco to the park service if the army ever pulled out.
(www.sftravel.com/Alcatraz1950on.html)(SFEC, 6/27/99, Z1 p.1,4)(SFCM, 4/25/04, p.18)(SFC, 10/4/96, p.A21)
1972 Oct 13, Aeroflot Il-62 crashed in large pond outside Moscow and 176 died.
1972 Oct 13, A Uruguay to Chile plane carrying 45 people crashed in the Andes Mountains. The event was concluded by December 23, 1972 when the last of 16 survivors were rescued. The group survived by collectively making a decision to eat flesh from the bodies of their dead comrades. The book “Alive: The Story of the Andes Survivors,” published two years after their rescue, was written by Piers Paul Read, who interviewed the survivors and their families.
1972 Oct 16, A small plane disappeared during a flight from Anchorage to Juneau. On board were Thomas Hale Boggs Sr. (b.1914), US Congressman from Louisiana, Representative Nick Begich of Alaska, Begich’s aide Russell Brown and the pilot, Don Jonz. House Resolution 1 of January 3, 1973, officially recognized Boggs's presumed death and opened the way for a special election. Boggs’s wife, Lindy Boggs, (1916-2013), won the special election and served to 1991.
(SSFC, 7/28/13, p.A10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hale_Boggs)
1972 Oct 17, Bob Randall's play "6 Rooms Riv Vu," premiered in NYC.
1972 Oct 17, Peace talks between Pathet Lao and Royal Lao government began in Vietnam.
1972 Oct 18, The Federal Water Pollution Control Act Amendments, sponsored by Senator Ed Muskie of Maine, was passed. It was amended in 1977 and became known as the Clean Water Act. It gave EPA the authority to implement pollution control programs such as setting wastewater standards for industry.
(SFC, 6/2/96, p.T-12)(http://www.osha.gov/dep/oia/whistleblower/acts/fwpca.html)
1972 Oct 18, In Norway Lars Korvald (1916-2006) became the first Christian Democrat to serve as prime minister.
1972 Oct 21, Henry Kissinger and Le Duc Tho reached a cease-fire agreement. It was signed Jan 27, 1973.
(SFEC, 4/23/00, p.A19)
1972 Oct 21, The US Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA) was enacted. Prof. Kenneth Norris (d.1998 at 74) helped write the legislation.
(PacDis, Fall/’96, p.3)(SFC, 8/31/98, p.A22)(www.nmfs.noaa.gov/pr/laws/mmpa/)
1972 Oct 22, Operation Linebacker I, the bombing of North Vietnam with B-52 bombers, ended. U.S. warplanes flew 40,000 sorties and dropped over 125,000 tons of bombs during the bombing campaign which effectively disrupted North Vietnam's Easter Offensive. During the failed offensive, the North suffered an estimated 100,000 military casualties and lost half its tanks and artillery. Leader of the offensive, legendary General Vo Nguyen Giap, the victor at Dien Bien Phu, was then quietly ousted in favor of his deputy Gen. Van Tien Dung. 40,000 South Vietnamese soldiers died stopping the offensive, in the heaviest fighting of the entire war.
1972 Oct 22, The Oakland Athletics beat the Cincinnati Reds 3-2 in a 7th game to win the World Series, bringing home the first Bay Area’s baseball world championship. It was the first of 3 in a row.
(SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W39)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1972_World_Series)(SFC, 12/28/99, p.A1)
1972 Oct 23, Jascha Haifetz (b.1901), virtuoso violinist, performed his farewell concert in Los Angeles at the age of 72.
1972 Oct 23, The musical "Pippin" opened on Broadway and ran for 1944 performances.
(AP, 10/23/97)( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pippin_(musical))
1972 Oct 23, The US Marine Protection, Research and Sanctuaries Act of 1972 became law.
(www.fws.gov/laws/lawsdigest/marprot.html)(Econ, 6/24/06, p.96)
1972 Oct 23, Cumberland Island off the coast of Georgia was established as a National Seashore.
(SFC, 4/28/96, p.T-8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cumberland_Island_National_Seashore)
1972 Oct 24, Henry Kissinger in secret unauthorized talks in Paris proposed to end the war in Vietnam by this date, but was urged by Pres. Nixon to stretch the timing a few months so as to insure re-election in Nov. A drama was made in 1995 depicting these events based on the book by Walter Isaacson: “Kissinger: A Biography.” The peace agreement allowed North Vietnam to keep its army in the South.
(WSJ, 11/30/95, p.A-20)(WSJ, 1/23/96, p.A-15)
1972 Oct 24, Jackie Robinson, 1st black baseball player (Brooklyn Dodgers), died at 53 of complications from diabetes. In 1983 Prof. Jules Tygiel (1949-2007) authored "Baseball’s Great Experiment: Jackie Robinson and His Legacy." In 1997 Arnold Rampersad published the biography "Jackie Robinson."
(WSJ, 10/17/97, p.A20)(SFEC, 4/2/00, BR p.1)(SFC, 7/3/08, p.B5)
1972 Oct 26, The Washington Post first disclosed that Attorney General of the United States, John Mitchell, personally controlled a secret fund to finance intelligence operations against Democrats during the Nixon administration. The money financed spying and sabotaging Democratic primary campaigns in 1972 and included activity such as forgery of correspondence, release of false leaks to the press and seizure of confidential campaign files.
1972 Oct 26, National security adviser Henry Kissinger declared, "Peace is at hand" in Vietnam.
1972 Oct 26, Igor Sikorsky (b.1889), Ukraine-born helicopter pioneer, died in Connecticut.
(HNPD, 10/27/98)(ON, 3/06, p.5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Igor_Sikorsky)
1972 Oct 26, Major Mathieu Kerekou (b.1933) took power in Dahomey (later Benin) in a coup and proclaimed it a Marxist-Leninist state.
1972 Oct 27, The US Noise Control Act of 1972, Public Law 92-574, allowed states or US territories to set noise-control laws.
(SFC, 1/3/02, p.A5)(http://tinyurl.com/5usyxa)
1972 Oct 27, Federal legislation established the Golden Gate National Recreation Area in the Bay Area of SF. The park was expanded from 870 acres in 1948 to 6,300 acres by 1972.
(http://usparks.about.com/library/miniplanner/blgoldengatenra.htm)(SFEC, 6/27/99, Z1 p.1,4)(SFCM, 4/25/04, p.18)
1972 Oct 29, Hijackers of a German Lufthansa passenger jet demanded the release of the three surviving terrorists, who had been arrested after the Fürstenfeldbruck gunfight and were being held for trial. They forced West Germany to release 3 terrorists who were involved in the Munich Massacre.
1972 Oct 29, Charles A. Tuller, his 2 sons and William White Graham hijacked an Eastern Airlines jet from Houston and flew to Cuba 4 days after an abortive bank robbery in Arlington, Va. The robbery left 2 people dead in Arlington and a ticket agent dead in Houston. This was the second-to-last successful hijacking from the United States to Cuba before the signing of an anti-hijacking agreement between the two countries in February, 1973.
1972 Oct 30, 45 people were killed when an Illinois Central Gulf commuter train collided with another train in Chicago's South Side.
1972 Oct, Money Magazine launched its 1st issue.
1972 Oct, Hanoi dropped all its political demands for dismantling the South Vietnamese government.
(WSJ, 2/5/96, p.A-19)
1972 Nov 1, Ezra Pound (b.1885), American poet, died in Italy. In 2007 A. David Moody authored “Ezra Pound: Poet: The Young Genius 1885-1920.”
(Econ, 10/20/07, p.117)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ezra_Pound)
1972 Nov 2, In Seattle, Wa., ground was officially broken for the new Kingdome. It was completed in 1976. It was destroyed Mar 26, 2000.
1972 Nov 7, President Richard Nixon was re-elected in a landslide over Democrat George McGovern.
(TMC, 1994, p.1972)(AP, 11/7/97)
1972 Nov 7, Jesse Helms (1921-2008) of North Carolina, who had switched to the Republican Party in 1970, was elected to the US Senate, the first Republican from NC in the 20th century.
(SFC, 7/4/08, p.A2)
1972 Nov 7, California voters passed Proposition 20 allowing the creation of the Coastal Commission to regulate construction along the coast. In 2002 a state appeals court ruled it unconstitutional.
(SFC, 12/31/02, p.A1)(http://igs.berkeley.edu/library/htCoastalCommission2003.html)
1972 Nov 7, Delaware elected Joseph Biden (b.1942) as one of its US Senators. Biden was re-elected in 1978, 1984, 1990, 1996 and 2002.
(SSFC, 8/24/08, p.A15)
1972 Nov 8, The Green Channel of Manhattan became Home Box Office (HBO). Time Life gained control of HBO in March, 1973. HBO soon began transmitting programs to cable TV subscribers in Wilkes-Barre, Pa. The 1st cablecast was a National League Hockey game.
(WSJ, 1/11/00, p.B1)(SFC, 4/3/01, p.C1)
1972 Nov 9, The "Trail of Broken Treaties" caravan, an Indian protest, ended in vandalism and chaos at the Bureau of Indian Affairs in Washington, D.C. The story is told in the 1996 book "Like A Hurricane, The Indian Movement From Alcatraz to Wounded Knee" by Paul Chaat Smith and Robert Allen Warrior.
(SFEC, 1/5/97, BR p.8)(http://siouxme.com/lodge/treaties.html)
1972 Nov 10, Three black men successfully hijacked a Southern Airways DC-9 after a stopover in Birmingham, Ala., and flew to multiple locations in the United States and one Canadian city and finally to Cuba with $2 million (actual cash, Presidential "grant" totaled $10 million) and 10 parachutes. Co-pilot Halroyd was wounded; they threatened to crash the plane into one of the Oak Ridge nuclear installations; at McCoy Air Force Base, Orlando, the FBI shot out the tires; they forced pilot William Haas to take off. The plane finally landed in Havana; two were sentenced in Cuba to 20 years, one to 15 years. They returned to Alabama in 1980 and received 20-25 year sentences.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Cuba-US_aircraft_hijackings)(USAT, 6/11/03, p.2B)(http://cuban-exile.com/doc_176-200/doc0180.html)
1972 Nov 11, The US Army turned over its base at Long Binh to the South Vietnamese army, symbolizing the end of direct US military involvement in the Vietnam War.
1972 Nov 12, Rudolf Friml (b.1859), Czech-US composer (“Indian Love Call,” “The Donkey Serenade”), died in Los Angeles, California.
1972 Nov 14, The Dow Jones Industrial Average closed above 1,000 for the first time, ending the day at 1,003.16.
(HFA, '96, p.18)(AP, 11/14/97)
1972 Nov 15, Circle-in the-Square Theater opened at 1633 Broadway NYC with a revival of Mourning Becomes Electra.
1972 Nov 16, The Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage (the World Heritage Convention) was adopted by the General Conference of UNESCO. As of 2009 it was ratified by 186 states and had placed some 890 sites under its purview.
(http://whc.unesco.org/en/conventiontext/)(Econ, 9/12/09, p.65)
1972 Nov 17, Juan Peron (1895-1974) returned to Argentina from Spain for a short time after 17 years of exile.
1972 Nov 19, Willy Brandt's SPD won West German elections. Willy Brandt was the 1st German chancellor to seek early elections via a vote of confidence.
(http://tinyurl.com/bs7oe)(Econ, 6/11/05, p.49)
1972 Nov 22, US Pres. Nixon ended a 22 year travel ban to China. The ban had been put in place on February 8, 1963.
1972 Nov 27, In Canada Marc Lalonde was appointed as the Minister of Health as Pierre Trudeau formed his Canadian government.
1972 Nov 30, American troop withdrawal from Vietnam was completed, although 16,000 Army advisors and administrators remained to assist South Vietnam's military forces.
1972 Nov, The $32 million Transamerica Pyramid building in San Francisco received its first tenant, a bank. The building was designed by William Pereira.
(SFEC,12/28/97, Z1 p.2)(SFC, 5/29/04, p.C2)(SSFC, 12/27/09, p.A19)
1972 Nov, Maryland ratified the Equal Rights Amendment.
(SFC, 9/19/07, p.A3)(http://tinyurl.com/5bflsq)
1972 Dec 2, In Australia Neville Bonner (1922-1999) became the first Aborigine to be elected to the federal Parliament. In 1971 he became the first Aboriginal person to sit in the Commonwealth parliament when he was chosen to fill a vacancy in the Senate caused by the resignation of a Liberal senator for Queensland.
(SFC, 2/6/99, p.A21)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Australian_federal_election,_1972)
1972 Dec 2, Friedrich Christian Christiansen (92), German Luftwaffe general, died. He was born at Wyk on Foehr, Germany, on December 12, 1879. Christiansen was appointed officer commanding occupied Holland, a post he held until the end of the war when he was imprisoned by the Allies. On his release from prison he retired to West Germany and died at Innien.
1972 Dec 3, A Spantax Convair 990A charter carrying West German tourists crashed in Tenerife, Canary Island, and 155 died.
1972 Dec 4, Kenneth Parnell (1931-2008), convicted sex offender, kidnapped Steven Stayner (7) in Merced, Ca. Parnell had already served 3 years for molesting an 8-year-old boy in Bakersfield in 1952. Stayner (14) escaped in 1980 along with Timmy White (5) of Ukiah, Parnell was again sent to prison and was paroled in 1985. In 2004 Parnell returned to prison after trying to procure an African American boy.
(SFC, 1/23/08, p.B5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kenneth_Parnell)
1972 Dec 5, The Nixon administration, in response to recent hijackings, ordered airports to screen every passenger with a metal detector, inspect the contents of carry-ones and station a local police officer or sheriff’s deputy at every one of the nation’s 531 major commercial facilities. In 2013 Brendan I. Koerner authored “The Skies Belong to Us: Love and Terror in the Golden Age of Hijacking.”
(SSFC, 6/30/13, p.F4)
1972 Dec 5, Gough Whitlam became prime minister of Australia. He served to Nov 11, 1975.
1972 Dec 7, America's last moon mission to date was launched as Apollo 17 blasted off from Cape Canaveral at 12:33 a.m. It landed on the moon December 11 at 3:15 p.m. and took a historic photo of the Earth that showed our "isolated blue planet."
(AP, 12/7/97)(SFC, 3/13/98, p.A19)(HNQ, 7/21/99)
1972 Dec 7-1972 Dec 8, Two skeletons were found on the Ulap fairgrounds in Berlin. They were later identified as Hitler's deputy Martin Bormann (1900-1945) and Ludwig Stumpfegger, one of Hitler’s doctors.
1972 Dec 7, Jean McConville was abducted from her home in Belfast and was never seen alive again. Her 10 children were put into foster care. In 1999 the IRA admitted responsibility and revealed the general location of her body. Her body was found in Aug, 2003.
(SFEC, 5/30/99, p.A17)(AP, 11/1/03)
1972 Dec 7, Imelda Marcos, wife of Philippine President Ferdinand E. Marcos, was stabbed and seriously wounded by an assailant who was then shot dead by her bodyguards.
1972 Dec 9, Louella Parsons, Hollywood gossip columnist, died. In 2005 Samantha Barbas authored “The First Lady of Hollywood,” a biography of Parsons.
1972 Dec 10, Amnesty International, founded in London in 1961, launched its first worldwide campaign for the abolition of torture on Human Rights Day, with the aim to make torture "as unthinkable as slavery."
1972 Dec 10, Kenneth Arrow (b.1921) of Stanford Univ. shared the Nobel Prize in economics with John R. Hicks (1904-1989) of Oxford, England.
(SFC, 10/8/01, p.A17)(http://economics.about.com/cs/nobelwinners/l/blnobel.htm)
1972 Dec 11, Challenger, the Lunar Lander for Apollo 17, touched down on the Moon's surface. It was the last time that men visited the Moon. The last two men to walk on the surface of the moon were Harrison Schmitt and Eugene Cernan. Cernan and Schmitt conducted the longest lunar exploration of the Apollo program (75 hours), driving the lunar rover about 36 kilometers (22 miles) in all, ranging as far as 7.37 kilometers (4.5 miles) from the lunar module Challenger and collecting some 243 pounds of soil and rock samples.
(HNQ, 7/21/99)(HN, 12/11/99)
1972 Dec 11, In Paris peace negotiations between Kissinger and Le Duc Tho collapsed after Kissinger presented a list of 69 changes demanded by South Vietnamese President Thieu. President Nixon now issues an ultimatum to North Vietnam that serious negotiations must resume within 72 hours. Hanoi does not respond. As a result Nixon ordered Operation Linebacker II (see Dec 18), eleven days and nights of maximum force bombing against military targets in Hanoi by B-52 bombers.
1972 Dec 13, Astronaut Gene Cernan climbed into his Lunar Lander on the Moon and prepared to lift-off. He was the last man to set foot on the Moon.
1972 Dec 14, Astronauts Schmitt and Cernan blasted off from the moon to join the command module America in lunar orbit, thus ending America’s manned lunar exploration for the 20th century. Apollo 17 astronauts blasted off from the moon after three days of exploration on lunar surface.
(HNQ, 7/21/99)(AP, 12/14/02)
1972 Dec 15, The Commonwealth of Australia ordered equal pay for women.
1972 Dec 18, The heaviest bombing of North Vietnam, under orders from US Pres. Nixon, began over Hanoi. “Operation Linebacker II” lasted 11 days and killed over 1600 civilians with 70 US airmen killed or captured. The bombardment ended 12 days later. President Nixon declared that the bombing of North Vietnam would continue until an accord was reached. In 2002 Marshall L. Michel III authored “The 11 Days of Christmas,” an account of the B-52 bombings.
(SFC,12/16/97, p.B1)(AP, 12/18/97)(HN, 12/18/98)(WSJ, 1/22/02, p.A18)
1972 Dec 19, Apollo 17 splashed down in the Pacific, ending the Apollo program of manned lunar landings.
1972 Dec 20, Neil Simon's "Sunshine Boys," premiered in NYC.
1972 Dec 22, Diana Sue Sylvester (22) was raped and killed in the SF Sunset District after walking home from UCSF. In 2006 John Puckett (72), a retired carpet installer in Stockton, was arrested for the murder based on DNA evidence. In 2008 Puckett (74) was convicted of first-degree murder.
(SFC, 4/22/06, p.B1)(SFC, 2/22/08, p.B7)
1972 Dec 22, In Vietnam Bac Mai hospital was bombed by American B-52s when they missed an air base on the outskirts of Hanoi. 18 hospital workers and patients were killed.
1972 Dec 23, 16 plane crash victims (Oct 13 flight from Uruguay to Chile) were rescued from the Andes after 70 died. The group survived by collectively making a decision to eat flesh from the bodies of their dead comrades.
1972 Dec 23, A 6.25 earthquake struck Managua, Nicaragua, and over 12,000 were killed. Pres. Somoza was later believed to have pocketed millions of dollars in foreign aid. The diversion of funds undermined his government and helped pave the way for the 1979 revolution.
(SFC, 10/15/96, p.A12)(SFEC, 11/8/98, p.A26)(http://tinyurl.com/58jfg)
1972 Dec 24, Charles Atlas (b.1892), Italian-born body builder, died in Long Beach, NY. Atlas was born as Angelo Siciliano in Acri, Italy, and moved to the US in 1905.
1972 Dec 24, Hanoi barred all peace talks with the U.S. until the air raids stopped.
1972 Dec 26, The 33rd president of the United States, Harry S. Truman, died in Kansas City, Mo. In 1995 Robert H. Ferrell published the biography "Harry S. Truman: A Life." In 1999 Ferrell published "Truman and Pendergrast."
(AP, 12/26/97)(WSJ, 7/19/99, p.A13)
1972 Dec 26, In Vietnam the bombing over Hanoi resumed after one day of respite and bombs hit a residential street killing 283 civilians. North Vietnam agreed to resume peace negotiations within five days of the end of bombing.
1972 Dec 28, The skeleton of Martin Bormann, Hitler's deputy, was allegedly found in Berlin.
1972 Dec 28, A North Korean navy ship seized 25 South Korean fishermen aboard two boats. In 2013 Jeon Wook-Pyo, one of the 25, escaped an d made it back to South Korea.
1972 Dec 29, Eastern Airlines Flight 401, a Lockheed Tri-Star Jumbo Jet carrying 176 people, crashed into the Florida Everglades. 75 people survived. In the end, the crash was blamed on the crew's preoccupation with a landing gear light.
1972 Dec 29, Life magazine ended publication with the issue titled “Year in Pictures.” From 1936 it had produced over 1,860 issues. The magazine was resurrected as a monthly in 1978 and ended again in 2000, From 2004 to 2007 Life appeared as a weekly newspaper supplement. In 2009 electronic access to its archives was made available.
(www.pastpaper.com/List-Life1972.htm)(SFC, 9/28/09, p.D2)
1972 Dec 29, US Operation Linebacker II ended what had been the most intensive bombing campaign of the entire war with over 100,000 bombs dropped on Hanoi and Haiphong. Fifteen of the 121 B-52s participating were shot down by the North Vietnamese who fired 1200 SAMs. There were 1318 civilian deaths from the bombing, according to Hanoi.
1972 Dec 30, After two weeks of heavy bombing raids on North Vietnam, President Nixon halted the air offensive and agreed to resume peace negotiations with Hanoi representative Le Duc Tho.
(AP, 12/30/97)(HN, 12/30/98)
1972 Dec 31, Roberto Clemente (b.1934), baseball player, died in a plane crash while enroute from Puerto Rico to help earthquake victims in Nicaragua. In 2006 David Maraniss authored “Clemente.”
(WSJ, 4/2/01, p.A20)(WSJ, 4/27/06, p.D7)
1972 Dec, An American commando group planted a tap on a communications link at Vinh, north of the DMZ, and later pulled details of the North Vietnamese positions at the Paris peace talks.
(WSJ, 7/17/00, p.A33)
1972 Dec, American folk singer Joan Baez travelled to North Vietnam with 3 other Americans, both to address human rights in the region, and to deliver Christmas mail to American prisoners of war. During her time there, she was caught in the US military's "Christmas bombing" of Hanoi.
(SFC, 4/11/13, p.A4)
1972 Vito Acconci (b.1940), Brooklyn-based artist, created his work "Seed Bed," in which the artist masturbated under the raised gallery floor.
(WSJ, 4/15/98, p.A20)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vito_Acconci)
1972 Sol LeWitt (1928-2007), NY-based American artist, made his blue crayon wall drawing: "132. A Grid Covering a Wall…" on exhibit at the SF Museum of Modern Art. He is the author of "Sol LeWitt: Critical Texts."
(SFEM, 1/12/97, BR p.8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sol_LeWitt)
1972 Pablo Picasso (1881-1973) drew his chilling crayon self-portrait as a skull.
(SFC, 6/4/96, p.E5)(SFC, 7/14/96, p.C11)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pablo_Picasso)
1972 Chen Yifei (b.1946), Shanghai born artist, painted "Eulogy of the Yellow River," as China’s Yellow River dried up for the 1st time in history before reaching the Yellow Sea. From 1980 to 1996 he worked in the US and became known as the Norman Rockwell of China.
(WSJ, 1/6/97, p.A10)(SFC, 3/4/02, p.A3)
1972 John Adair (1913-1997), anthropologist, published his book: "Through Navajo Eyes."
1972 George Alec Affinger (d.2002 at 55) authored his 1st novel "What Entropy Means to Me."
(SFC, 4/30/02, p.A24)
1972 Dr. Robert C. Atkins (1930-2003), cardiologist, published his weight loss plan "Dr. Atkins’ Diet Revolution," which allowed patients to eat fat but restricted carbohydrates.
(SFC, 4/18/03, p.A1)
1972 John Berger (b.1926), English art critic and novelist, authored his Booker Prize-winning novel “G.” Berger won the Booker Prize for his novel "G." He later authored "A Seventh Man."
(SSFC, 1/6/02, p.M2)(SSFC, 8/7/05, p.C1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Berger)
1972 Paul Bowles published his autobiography: "Without Stopping." In 1999 Jennifer Baichul premiered her documentary on Bowles: "Let It Come Down, The Life of Paul Bowles."
(SFC, 7/12/99, p.E3)
1972 Carol (Dariff) Botwin (d.1997 at 68) wrote "Sex and the Teenage Girl."
(SFC, 4/16/97, p.A21)
1972 Leo Buscaglia (d.1998 at 74), published his book "Love."
(SFC, 6/13/98, p.A21)
1972 Herb Caen, SF newspaper columnist, wrote his 8th book "The Cable Car and the Dragons."
(SFEC, 2/2/97, p.A13)
1972 Italo Calvino (1923-1985), Italian novelist, authored “Invisible Cities.”
(Econ, 12/8/12, IL p.12)
1972 Alex Comfort (1920-2000), British author, published his "Joy of Sex." The book sold 12 million copies worldwide.
(SFC, 3/28/00, p.E1)
1972 Timothy Crouse authored “The Boys on the Bus,” an account of the press pack covering the 1972 presidential campaigns of Richard Nixon and George McGovern.
(WSJ, 12/1/07, p.W10)(www.mediabistro.com/articles/cache/a3133.asp)
1972 Thomas M. Disch authored his science fiction novel "334," on events following the passage of the Revised Genetic Testing Act of 2011.
(WSJ, 1/1/00, p.R8)
1972 S. George Ellsworth (d.1997), historian, published "Utah Heritage," a 7th grade textbook history of the state. It was updated in 1994.
1972 Elizabeth Ewing authored “Underwear: A History.”
(SSFC, 12/31/06, p.E3)
1972 Francis FitzGerald (b.1940) authored "Fire in the Lake: The Vietnamese and the Americans in Vietnam." Her book won the 1973 Pulitzer Prize and National Book Award.
(SFEC, 5/7/00, BR p.5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frances_FitzGerald)
1972 Janet Flanner (1892-1978), American writer, authored "Paris Was Yesterday." She served as the Paris correspondent of The New Yorker magazine from 1925 until she retired in 1975.
(SFC, 6/16/96, T-5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Janet_Flanner)
1972 George V. Higgins (d.1999 at 59) published "The Friends of Eddie Coyle." It was made into a 1973 film with Robert Mitchum and Peter Boyle.
(SFEC, 11/7/99, p.C10)
1972 Mary Keyserling (1910-1997) wrote "Window on Day Care," a critical report that became a blueprint for changes in day care programs.
(SFEC, 6/15/97, p.D10)(http://tinyurl.com/5emcq3)
1972 UCSF Prof. Henry L. Lennard (1923-2005) authored “Mystification and Drug Abuse.” He critiqued the medical profession for being too eager to embrace drug treatments for mental illness and for being too ready to classify interpersonal and emotional difficulties as mental disorders.
(SSFC, 7/10/05, p.A25)
1972 Edna Lewis (1917-2006), authored her 1st cookbook “The Edna Lewis Cookbook.” She went on to become a doyenne of Southern cuisine.
(SFC, 2/14/06, p.B7)
1972 James Marshall (1942-1992) authored his children’s book "George and Martha."
(SFEC, 2/27/00, BR p.12)
1972 Kenneth P. O’Donnell, a secretary of JFK, and Dave Powers (d.1998 at 85), an aide to John F. Kennedy since 1946, wrote "Johnny, We hardly Knew Ye."
(SFC, 3/28/98, p.B12)
1972 Vance Packard (1914-1996) wrote "A Nation of Strangers," a critique of the decline of the American family and loss of community ties.
(SFC, 12/13/96, p.B6)
1972 Robert O. Paxton authored “Vichy France: Old Guard and New Order.”
(Econ, 3/13/04, p.85)
1972 Raymond H. Ramsay authored "No Longer on the Map," stories of places that once appeared on maps but never existed.
(SSFC, 6/1/03, p.C3)
1972 Ismael Reed (b.1938), African-American writer, authored "Mumbo Jumbo."
1972 Colin Renfrew wrote "Before Civilization." He explored the social implications of the early megalithic temples of Malta.
(AM, Jul/Aug ‘97 p.44)
1972 Geoffrey de Ste. Croix (1910-2000), British Marxist historian, authored "The Origins of the Peloponnesian War." He pinned the cause of the conflict on the Spartans.
(SFC, 2/15/00, p.A21)
1972 Paola Timiras (1923-2008), Italian-born UC Berkeley professor on aging, authored “Physiological Basis of Aging and Geriatrics.” A 4th updated edition was published in 2007.
(SFC, 9/20/08, p.B5)(http://content.nejm.org/cgi/content/short/358/12/1312)
1972 Robert Vaughn authored "Only Victims," an account of the 1947 HUAC hearings on the Hollywood 10.
(WSJ, 12/16/98, p.A21)
1972 Eudora Welty (1909-2001), Mississippi based writer, authored "The Optimist’s Daughter." In 1973 it won her a Pulitzer Prize.
(SSFC, 3/29/09, p.G5)
1972 John Howard Yoder (d.1997 at 71), a Mennonite theologian who taught at Notre Dame, wrote "The Politics of Jesus," in part an analysis of Christian attitudes towards the state.
(SFC, 1/9/98, p.A19)
1972 Joseph Dunn, founder of the 2 Bleecker Street Theater in NY (later the American Contemporary Theater in Buffalo), dramatized Beckett’s novel "The Unnamable."
(SFEC, 9/30/96, p.A23)
1972 Hollywood shot a 10-minute prologue for the film "The Exorcist" in Mosul, Iraq.
(WSJ, 6/12/03, p.A1)
1972 Home Box Office (HBO) began transmitting programs to cable TV subscribers in Wilkes-Barre, Pa. The 1st cablecast was a National League Hockey game.
(SFC, 4/3/01, p.C1)
1972 George Carlin performed his stand-up routine "The Seven Words You Can never Say on TV."
(SFC, 1/21/04, p.D2)
1972 Johnny Carson moved the “Tonight Show” from New York to Burbank, Ca., and established Los Angeles as the center of popular culture.
(Econ, 1/29/05, p.32)
1972 The British TV series “The Adventurer” featured Gene Barry (1919-2009). The show continued to 1973.
(SFC, 12/15/09, p.C5)
1972 George Crumb (b.1929) composed "Makrokosmos" for amplified piano. It was 1st performed in Colorado Springs on January 8, 1972.
(SFC, 4/12/01, p.E5)(www.georgecrumb.net/comp/makro1.html)
1972 Harold Melvin & the Blue Notes released its first single, “I Miss You.” The group included Teddy Pendergrass (1950-2010), who quit the group in 1975 and embarked on a solo career in 1976. Pendergrass went on to record 5 consecutive multiplatinum albums.
(SFC, 1/14/10, p.A4)
1972 Pandit Pran Nath (1919-1996), Indian classical singer and teacher, arrived in New York. He was a master of the 600-year-old kirana style of Hindustani music that involves very minute gradations of pitch. He also redesigned the tamboura.
(SFC, 6/18/96, p.A17)
1972 Lou Reed recorded his hit song "Walk on the Wild Side."
(SFEC, 1/26/97 Par, p.2)
1972 In San Francisco the 14-story Alexis Apartments were built at 380-390 Clementina and Fifth St.
(SSFC, 8/23/09, p.C2)
1972 Walter C. Righter, an Episcopal Bishop, broke a tie and voted in favor of ordaining women in the Episcopal Church. In 1998 he published "A Pilgrim’s Way: The Personal Story of the Episcopal Bishop Charged with Heresy for Ordaining a Gay Man Who Was in a Committed Relationship."
(SFEC, 6/28/98, BR p.9)(http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1282/is_n9_v50/ai_n27531797)
1972 Herb Peterson (1919-2008), a McDonald’s operator in Santa Barbara, Ca., created the Egg McMuffin.
(WSJ, 1/30/06, p.B2)(WSJ, 4/5/08, p.A7)
1972 Psychiatrist Dennis Cantwell (1939-1997) began serving as director of the UCLA Neuropsychiatric Institute and stayed there until 1991. He helped edit 5 textbooks that included: "Developmental Speech and Language Disorders" with Lorian Baker, "Psychiatric and Developmental Disorders in Children with Communication Disorder," and "Fundamentals of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry" with Syed Husein.
1972 Bradt Publications, a publisher of travel books, was founded by George and Hilary Bradt. They began their first guidebook while on a backpacking trip through Bolivia and Peru.
(SFEC,11/16/97, Z1 p.3)
1972 In Los Angeles the Institute of the American Musical was incorporated by Miles Kreuger to provide an organizational shell, and donor’s tax deduction, for his collection of memorabilia pertaining to American theater.
(WSJ, 6/3/98, p.CA4)
1972 The Campus Crusade for Christ organized “Explo ‘72” at “Godstock” in Dallas, Texas. The organization for the first time embraced rock music to attract young people.
(WSJ, 1/18/08, p.W11)
1972 In Olney, Texas, Jack Northrup and Jack Bishop organized the annual One-Arm Dove Hunt. It turned into an annual support meeting for amputees.
(SFEC, 8/24/97, p.A8)
1972 J.D. Salinger (53) began a months-long courtship of Joyce Maynard (18) that culminated in her leaving Yale Univ. and moving to his farm in New Hampshire. In 1998 Maynard published "At Home in the World," that included an account of her relationship with Salinger. Maynard auctioned 14 love letters at Sotheby's for $156,500 in 1999.
(SFEC, 9/6/98, BR p.5)(SFC, 6/23/99, p.A3)
1972 Dr. Donna Allen (d.1999 at 78), critic, author, and labor activist, founded the Women's Institute on Freedom of the Press.
(SFC, 7/27/99, p.A17)(www.wifp.org/pcabout%20us.html)
1972 The National Sheriffs' Association (NSA) created the Neighborhood Watch program.
(SFC, 1/18/99, p.A18)(www.citizencorps.gov/programs/watch.shtm)
1972 The American Institute for Public Service introduced the Jefferson Awards to honor community service.
(SFC, 7/23/05, p.B6)(www.aips.org/index.html)
1972 Dartmouth College in New Hampshire, chartered in 1769, began admitting women.
(SFC, 2/11/99, p.A3)(http://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/Dartmouth+College)
1972 Jack Scott (d.2000 at 57) was hired as the athletic director at Oberlin College. He was the author of "The Athletic Revolution," which was initially called "Athletics for Athletes." In 1974 he assisted William and Emily Harris of the SLA from California to a hideout farm in Pennsylvania.
(SFC, 2/8/00, p.A23)
1972 Heinrich Boll (1917-1985) of West Germany won the Nobel Prize in Literature.
1972 Richard J. Duffin (1909-1996), mathematician, was inducted into the National Academy of Sciences. He worked on electrical network theory and co-authored "Geometric Programming," which introduced algorithms for achieving optimum solutions to nonlinear engineering design problems.
(SFC, 11/12/96, p.B2)
1972 President Richard Nixon signed a public law officially recognizing the third Sunday in June as Father's Day.
1972 Pres. Richard Nixon created the Committee for the Implementation of Textile Agreements (CITA) in the midst of his re-election campaign as the US textile industry was under pressure from Japan and Taiwan.
(WSJ, 11/10/05, p.A10)
1972 Alfred McKenzie (d.1998 at 80), a former Tuskegee Airman and current pressman for the Washington DC Government Printing Office, filed suit contending that he and fellow black employees had long been passed over for promotions that went to whites. After many appeals the suit was won and in 1987 the office agreed to pay $2.4 million in back wages to several hundred employees.
(SFC, 4/11/98, p.A15)(www.arlingtoncemetery.net/mckenzie.htm)
1972 Florida inmate Michael Costello, a convicted murderer, filed suit complaining of overcrowding and poor medical treatment in the state’s prisons. He won and forced court orders to reduce crowding.
1972 Oregon passed the first bottle-and-can bill. It marked the beginning of major recycling efforts.
(Smith., 4/95, p.32)
1972 In Knoxville, Tenn., the sale of liquor by the glass was banned until this year.
(SFC, 8/26/97, p.A4)
1972 The US government outlawed the pesticide DDT. It followed the suit filed by Ralph Abascal (d.1997 at 63) of California Rural Legal Assistance on behalf of six farmworkers. The federal law prevented California’s Montrose Chemical Co. from dumping DDT into the ocean off the Palos Verdes peninsula.
(SFC, 1/18/97, p.A16)(WSJ, 3/18/97, p.A22)(Pac. Disc., summer, ‘96, p.5)
1972 The US Federal Election Campaign Act limited expenditures for communications media and provided for criminal penalties.
(SFEC, 10/5/97, p.D9)
1972 James J. Needham (1926-2007) became the 1st full-time chairman of the NYSE. He ran the exchange for 4 years.
(WSJ, 4/14/07, p.A6)
1972 The Chicago futures market first began trading financial derivatives. Leo Melamed, a former lawyer, launched currency futures on the Chicago Mercantile Exchange.
(WSJ, 11/19/04, p.A8)(Econ, 3/18/06, Survey p.9)(Econ, 10/18/08, p.79)
1972 Frank Serpico, police officer, exposed corruption in the NYC police force.
(SFC, 9/24/97, p.A3)
1972 John Wayne Gacy began to lure young men and boys to his home in Chicago for sex, then tortured and strangled them. He was arrested in 1978.
(SFEC, 11/22/98, p.A2)
1972 Carlos Bueno (d.2001 at 60), California painter and muralist, encouraged Self-Help Graphics to sponsor the 1st Dia de los Muertos (Day of the Dead) celebration in Los Angeles.
(SFC, 9/6/01, p.E8)
1972 "San Francisco’s Telegraph Hill," a history of the Telegraph Hill neighborhood, was first published. It was reissued in 2000.
(SFC, 11/27/00, p.A15)
1972 Herb Peterson (1919-2008), a McDonald’s operator in Santa Barbara, Ca., created the Egg McMuffin.
(WSJ, 1/30/06, p.B2)(WSJ, 4/5/08, p.A7)
1972 Psychiatrist Dennis Cantwell (1939-1997) began serving as director of the UCLA Neuropsychiatric Institute and stayed there until 1991. He helped edit 5 textbooks that included: "Developmental Speech and Language Disorders" with Lorian Baker, "Psychiatric and Developmental Disorders in Children with Communication Disorder," and "Fundamentals of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry" with Syed Husein.
1972 Ken Bannister began handing out Chiquita banana stickers at photo trade shows to garner attention. People responded by sending him banana-related items. This led him to found his Int’l. Banana Museum in Altadena.
(SFEC, 1/25/98, DB p.49)
1972 Julian B. Backus (1944-1996) founded the Bay Area Video Coalition, Optic Nerve.
(SFC, 12/9/96, p.B6)
1972 Privacy was added to the California state Constitution as an inalienable right.
(SFC, 12/27/99, p.A10)
1972 Judge Allen Broussard (1929-1996) was the first African American to be elected president of the California Judges Assoc.
(SFEC, 11/24/96, Z1 p.7)
1972 In Los Angeles the Institute of the American Musical was incorporated by Miles Kreuger to provide an organizational shell, and donor’s tax deduction, for his collection of memorabilia pertaining to American theater.
(WSJ, 6/3/98, p.CA4)
1972 LA Mayor Sam Yorty switched from the Democratic to the Republican Party.
(WSJ, 6/8/98, p.A1)
1972 In SF the Raphael House at 1065 Sutter St. opened as the city’s 1st homeless shelter for families.
(SSFC, 3/18/07, p.F2)
1972 The Marin Town and Country Club was closed after area residents passed a ballot measure that required voter approval prior to any new development.
(SFC, 5/29/98, p.A19)
1972 Roy W. Fairchild (d.1998 at 77) co-founded the Lewis Marshall Lloyd Center for Education and Counseling as an on-campus teaching facility at SF Theological Seminary in San Anselmo, Ca.
(SFC, 12/17/98, p.C11)
1972 Kermit Lynch opened Kermit Lynch Wine Merchant in Berkeley, Ca. He focused on importing small-production French wines. In 2005 the French government announced that he would be awarded the insignia of Chevalier de la Legion d’Honeur.
(SFC, 12/22/05, p.F5)
1972 Charles W. "Scott" Hope (d. 1997 at 74) co-founded the SF Network Ministries to serve San Francisco’s Tenderloin district. The non-denominational Christian church constructed affordable housing, operates a training center for residents and the homeless, provides pastoral care to people who are HIV positive and other works. He wrote for the Network Journal, a monthly publication of the Ministries.
(SFC, 12/2/97, p.A22)
1972 Steve Nakajo organized the 1st Nihonmachi Street Fair in San Francisco’s Japantown.
(SFEC, 8/6/00, p.C1)
1972 San Francisco Mayor Joseph Alioto won re-election.
(SFC, 1/30/98, p.A10)
1972 SF accepted an urban design plan that lowered the maximum heights of downtown buildings to 700 feet.
(SSFC, 4/27/08, p.B3)
1972 San Francisco Mayor Joseph Alioto promoted Gladys Cox Hansen to city archivist.
(SFC, 4/14/96, p.Z1, p.3)
1972 In San Francisco Paul Trafficante (d.2001 at 80) won his integration suit for the ParkMerced complex against Metropolitan Life Insurance Co., where rental practices had created a "white ghetto."
(SFC, 10/2/01, p.A15)
1972 In San Francisco Sandra Sakata (d.1997 at 57) opened her boutique Obiko in Pacific Heights. The shop thrived and she moved to a downtown location and won international acclaim.
(SFC, 9/24/97, p.C2)
1972 In San Francisco the House of Shields bar at 39 New Montgomery St., opened in 1908, began allowing women as customers. It was probably the last SF bar to cater only to men.
(SSFC, 1/23/11, p.A2)
1972 The See family sold their South San Francisco, Ca., chocolate and candy business to Warren Buffett, chairman of Berkshire Hathaway Inc. Buffet named Charles Huggins as See’s Candies top officer. Huggins retired at the end of 2005.
(SSFC, 1/15/06, p.D6)(www.ifa.com/Library/Buffet.html)
1972 SF State College was renamed California State University, SF.
(SFEC, 3/21/99, Z1 p.4)
1972 Four locomotives of the Northwestern Pacific Railroad derailed in the Eel River Canyon.
(SFEC, 9/7/97, Z1 p.1)
1972 Henry B.R. Brown (1926-2008) and Bruce Bent opened their Reserve Fund, the first money market mutual fund.
(WSJ, 8/16/08, p.A7)
1972 John J. Rigas incorporated Adelphia Communications in Pennsylvania. The name came from the Greek word for “brother.” He took the company public in 1986.
(USAT, 7/9/04, p.3B)(www.answers.com/topic/adelphia-communications)
1972 Ford became the first company to equip vehicles with air bags.
(WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)
1972 John DeLorean left GM to start a car company in Northern Ireland.
(WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)
1972 Industry experts in 1996 picked the 1972 Corvette Stingray as the number 9 favorite car.
(WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)
1972 Atari was founded by Nolan Bushnell, 2 years after he built the first videogame, Computer Space. He conceived Pong and it was built by Al Alcorn.
(Wired, 10/96, p.168)
1972 Seymour Cray left Control Data Corp. and co-founded Cray Research Inc. There he built the Cray-1 and Cray-2 supercomputers. They were used to help the defense system create sophisticated weapons systems and the oil industry to construct geologic models for predicting mineral deposits.
(SFC, 9/24/96, p.A6)
1972 Hewlett-Packard introduced a pocket-size calculator.
(SFC, 1/13/01, p.A15)
1972 Intel Corp. brought out the 8008 microprocessor, the first to use 8-bit addressing. it had 3,500 transistors.
(TAR, 1996, p.21)
1972 Hewlett-Packard introduced the first scientific handheld calculator, the HP-35, which made the slide-rule obsolete.
(SFC, 3/3/99, p.A11)(www.hp.com/hpinfo/abouthp/histnfacts/timeline/index.html)
1972 The term hypervisor originated in IBM's CP-370 reimplementation of CP-67 for the System/370, released this year as VM/370. The term hypervisor call referred to the paravirtualization interface, by which a "guest" operating system could access services directly from the (higher-level) control program – analogous to making a "supervisor call" to the (same level) operating system.
1972 The compact disc (CD) was introduced.
(NW, 9/16/02, p.34D)
1972 Tom Perkins co-founded Kleiner, Perkins Caufield & Byers (KPCB), a venture capital firm in Silicon Valley, Ca.
(WSJ, 10/7/06, p.A14)
1972 Half Price Books was founded by Pat Anderson (1932-1995) and Ken Gjemre.
(WSJ, 1/17/97, p.B1)
1972 Steve Prefontaine, a University of Oregon runner and middle-distance running prodigy, became Nike's first endorsed athlete.
1972 Owens Corning, Ohio-based maker of insulation and other building products, stopped selling asbestos products. In 1998 it offered $1.2 billion to settle its asbestos related lawsuits, which numbered about 176,000 cases.
(SFC, 12/15/98, p.A3)(http://tinyurl.com/6glsle)
1972 Bernard B. Jacobs (1916-1996) became the president of the Shubert Organization, which owns Broadway theaters and produced such plays as Cats and Amadeus.
(SFC, 8/28/96, p.C2)(www.shubertorganization.com/organization/news/article.asp?id=7)
1972 A Stetson Hat Factory moved to St. Joseph, Mo. The handmade hats took 43 steps to produce.
(SFC, 7/31/98, p.A14)
1972 The Stanford Positron Electron Asymmetric Ring (SPEAR), a type of electron accelerator was constructed.
(SFC, 5/1/97, p.A7)
1972 The Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Fermilab, near Chicago was completed for $235 million under the direction of Robert Rathbun Wilson (d.2000 at 85). It was capable of accelerating protons to 400 billion electron volts.
(SFC, 1/22/00, p.A21)
1972 Vermont’s Yankee Nuclear Power Station opened.
(SFC, 8/28/13, p.A8)
1972 The British Journal of Cancer published a paper by Andrew Wyllie, Alastair Currie and John Kerr that described the process of programmed cell death called apoptosis.
(SFEC, 1/12/97, Z3 p.7)
1972 American scientists imported a troop of Japanese snow monkeys, macaques, to Dilley, Texas. By 1995 the troop had quadrupled in size and expanded out of the bounds of its original 50-acre compound.
(WSJ, 10/27/95, p.A-1)
1972 The international community defined the second as the time it takes an atom of cesium 133 to tick through exactly 9,192,631,770 resonant cycles after it has passed through an electromagnetic field. A new atomic clock, NIST F-1, premiered Dec 20, 1999.
(SFC, 12/30/99, p.A2)
1972 The Audubon society acquired the Sabal Palm Sanctuary near Brownsville, Texas.
(T&L, 10/1980, p.14)
1972 The Alaska Continental Development Corp. merged with the financially troubled Alaska Airlines. The airline soon became profitable in part due to the Alaska oil pipeline.
(WSJ, 1/7/07, p.A4)(http://tinyurl.com/6obvr7)
1972 Virginia named a new state university after George Mason, paying tribute to one of the least remembered of the major figures among the Founding Fathers. Mason was among those who opposed adopting the draft US constitution because it had no language to protect individual rights.
1972 In West Virginia the Augusta Heritage Center of Davis & Elkins College was founded as a unique program for the promotion of traditional music, arts, and crafts.
(SFEC, 6/7/98, p.T1)(http://tinyurl.com/5cpecu)
1972 Exxon Corp. was registered in Nebraska after it paid an undisclosed amount to Gov. Exon in order get a license.
(SFC, 6/11/05, p.B4)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Exxon)
1972 Monsanto ceased producing PCBs in Anniston, Alabama. In 2001 Monsanto agreed to a $40 million settlement for toxic pollution.
(SF, 4/25/01, p.A5)
1972 Procter & Gamble Co. launched its Dawn dishwashing liquid.
(WSJ, 6/13/07, p.D7)
1972 Three scientists from the US National Institutes of Health developed a formula to calculate a patient’s bad cholesterol using easily measured numbers. The Friedewald formula set LDL equal to total cholesterol minus HDL minus (triglycerides/5).
(WSJ, 4/19/05, p.D4)
1972 A team under surgeon Harry Buncke (1922-2008) performed the first toe-to-thumb transplant at San Francisco’s Franklin Hospital, later called Ralph K. Davies Medical Center. Buncke came to be called the father of microsurgery.
(SFC, 5/21/08, p.B7)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harry_J._Buncke)
1972 David McTaggart (d.2001), one of the founders of Greenpeace Int’l., sailed his small boat into the French nuclear-testing site at Mururoa atoll in the South Pacific.
(SFC, 3/24/01, p.A22)(SSFC, 10/19/03, p.A31)
1972 Color TV sets outsold black and white TV sets for the 1st time.
(SFC, 3/18/04, p.E1)
1972 In Florida as many as 2 million old tires were unloaded a mile offshore from Fort Lauderdale to create an artificial reef that could attract a rich variety of marine life, and to free up space in clogged landfills. Decades later the idea proved to be huge ecological blunder.
1972 Wickliffe Preston Draper (b.1891), a wealthy reclusive New Yorker, died. He distributed some $5 million to 2 race-oriented foundations. The Pioneer Fund, which he had helped to found, was the primary beneficiary and later funded the research for "The Bell Curve," which argued that blacks are genetically inclined to be less intelligent than whites or Asians.
(WSJ, 6/11/99, p.A1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wickliffe_Draper)
1972 Seaman Schepps (b.1881), NYC jewelry designer, died.
(WSJ, 10/8/04, p.W10)
1972 Mohammad Moussa became Prime Minister of Afghanistan.
1972 Barcelo de Carvalho, aka "Bongo," recorded the album "Angola 72" in the Netherlands. The music’s predominant rhythm is semba, described as the origin of Brazil’s Samba. The album was smuggled into Angola and became very popular but was banned by the government. It was re-released in the US in 1997. One of its songs was featured in the 1997 French film "When the Cat’s Away."
1972 Australia and Indonesia agreed to a maritime boundary set by the deepest point between them in the Timor Sea.
(Econ, 6/8/13, p.44)
1972 The jellyfish population in the Black Sea exploded following the completion of a dam in a section of the Danube that runs between Serbia and Romania.
(WSJ, 11/27/07, p.A14)
1972 Britain launched its Schools History Project (SHP), a review of teaching methods.
(Econ, 4/13/13, p.61)
1972 In Britain environmental activists founded WWOOF, Weekend Workers on Organic Farms. Weekend was later replaced by Willing.
(SFEC, 8/15/99, p.T9)
1972 The Access credit cards were introduced in Great Britain.
1972 Sydney Brenner, a biologist at Cambridge Univ., began working out the connections of every cell in the nervous system of a nematode worm called C. elegans. Over 14 years he and his team mapped the worms complete nervous system, for which he won a Nobel Prize (2002).
(Econ, 4/11/09, p.82)
1972 In Brazil singer-songwriter Caetano Veloso and Gilberto Gil returned home from exile. Gil then served as minister of culture in his home city of Salvador.
(SFEC, 6/22/97, DB p.58)
1972 The hospital ship S.S. Hope sailed to Brazil to train doctors and nurses for a year under Project Hope.
(SFC, 9/28/02, p.A17)
1972 Brazil’s rubber-bearing Madeira-Mamore railway ceased running.
(Econ, 6/3/06, p.34)
1972 Communist Party officials told Muslim men to change their names to something more Bulgarian. A protest in Breznitsa left 8 dead.
(SFC, 3/27/00, p.A12)
1972 In Burma Sein Lwin headed the army unit that exacted a deadly suppression of workers' protests.
1972 The Tutsi-led government in Burundi killed some 100,000 Hutus.
(SFC, 8/31/99, p.A14)(SSFC, 4/7/02, p.A19)
1972 In Canada Trudeau’s government increased the value and duration of unemployment benefits and decreased the period required to qualify.
(WSJ, 2/7/97, p.A17)
1972 Mel Lastman, founder of the Bad Boy discount appliance chain, was elected mayor of North York, a municipality just north of Toronto. He went on to win 11 straight elections.
1972 Daniel Abraham Yanofsky (d.2000 at 74), a chess grandmaster and Winnipeg City Councilman, was awarded the Order of Canada.
(SFC, 3/11/00, p.A17)
1972 Stephen Reid, a member of the Stopwatch Gang trio, was sentenced to prison. He escaped 2 times but was recaptured and was released in 1987. In 1986 he authored "Jackrabbit Parole" while in prison. The gang was estimated to have stolen some $15 million in 140 North American robberies. In 1999 he was again caught following a robbery in Victoria and was convicted of attempted murder and other charges.
(SFC, 6/25/99, p.A10)(SFC, 12/2/99, p.D16)
1972 Chile’s dept. of tourism, SERNATUR, was established.
(SFC, Z-1, 4/28/96, p.5)
1972 The documentary film "Chung Kuo China" was directed by Michelangelo Antonioni at the behest of the Chinese government during the cultural revolution.
(SFEC, 1/17/99, DB p.43)
1972 The Yellow River dried up for the 1st time in history before reaching the Yellow Sea. Toxins from cities and factories continued to make the river unfit for irrigation and human use along much of its route.
(SFC, 3/4/02, p.A3)
1972 Costa Rica created the 1,680-acre Manuel Antonio National Park.
(SSFC, 6/1/03, p.C5)
1972 The East Germans recruited US citizens for spying. in 1997 US Federal officials arrested Theresa Marie Squillacote, a former Pentagon lawyer, her husband Kurt Alan Stand, and James Michael Clark for espionage that began with the recruitment of Stand in 1972 by the East Germans.
(SFC, 10/7/97, p.A14)
1972 SAP, a German business software company based in Walldorf, Baden-Wurttemberg, was founded by Hasso Plattner and 4 other dissidents from IBM.
(Econ, 5/20/06, p.73)(Econ, 10/28/06, p.78)
1972 In Egypt Hosni Mubarak was appointed commander of the air force and deputy minister for military affairs.
1972 In Egypt UNESCO half funded a 30 million dollar project to move the temple of the goddess of Isis, known as the Pearl of Egypt, from Philae Island, which vanished beneath Lake Nasser, to Agilkia Island now also called Philae.
(NG, May 1985, R. Caputo, p.591)
1972 Shafik Handal (1930-2006) became leader of the Salvadoran Communist Party.
1972 Finland introduced comprehensive schools, a merger of specialist academic and vocational institutions, in the north and into the rest of the country over the next 4 years. In 2006 Finland ranked at the top in OECD Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) tests.
(Econ, 6/28/08, p.66)
1972 A French government decree fixed Wednesday as a mandatory day off for students. A day off on Thursday had since 1882 provided for students to attend religious education outside the school.
(Econ, 9/21/13, p.55)
1972 Scientists discovered an extinct natural nuclear reactor in a uranium mine in Gabon. Research revealed it had operated intermittently for a few million years from about 2 billion years ago.
(SFC, 11/29/04, p.A4)
1972 In Honduras the military under Oswaldo Lopez Arellano again ousted civilian president Ramon Ernesto Cruz.
(SFC, 8/9/99, p.A8)(AP, 5/17/10)
1972 India enacted a Wildlife Protection Act. It banned the hunting of tigers, the capture and sale of bears (dancing bears) as well as the catching of snakes. In 2001 animal performances on the streets were banned. Snake charmers felt their livelihood threatened.
(SFC, 7/8/02, p.A3)(SFC, 12/4/04, p.B10)(Econ, 6/25/05, p.41)
1972 In Japan Fujitsu spun off Fanuc Ltd., a maker of computerized control systems. By 2010 Fanuc was valued at some $35 billion.
(SFC, 11/26/10, p.C4)
1972 Abdullah Sungkar (d.1999) and Abu Bakar Baasyir co-founded the al Mukmin Islamic boarding school in Ngruki, Java. The school went on to produce almost all of Indonesia's to terrorists.
(WSJ, 9/2/03, p.A1)
1972 In Iraq Ayatollah Sayed Mohammad Baqir Al-Hakim was imprisoned and tortured by the Hussein regime. He was rejailed 5 years later and in 2002 led the Supreme Council for the Islamic Resistance in Iraq (SCIRI), based in Iran, and its 8,000 fighters.
(SFC, 10/4/02, p.J1)
1972 Israel began establishing two army posts in Gaza, which later become the communities of Netzarim and Kfar Darom.
1972 Arkady Gaydamak (20) arrived in Israel from Russia. By 2006 estimates of his wealth varied from between $800 million to more than $4 billion. He said he made all of his money on the Russian stock exchange. Gaydamak was never been convicted of a crime, but faced an international arrest warrant because of a French investigation into alleged arms trafficking to Angola in the early 1990s.
1972 In Kenya skull 1470 was found by Bernard Ngeneo, a member of a team led by anthropologist Richard Leakey, at Koobi Fora on the east side of Lake Rudolf (now Lake Turkana) in Kenya. Its estimated age is 1.9 million years.
1972 Libya’s leader Muammar Qaddafi proclaimed his Third Universal Theory, aimed at turning Libya into a model of applied socialism and popular democracy.
(Econ, 9/22/07, p.61)
1972 Mauritius set up an export-processing zone on the recommendations of Jose Poncini, economist, watchmaker and island historian.
(WSJ, 7/14/98, p.A11)
1972 In Mexico after guerrillas ambushed and killed 18 troops, the army detained at least 90 men in the village of El Quemado and took many of them to 3 different military bases that served as "concentration camps." A 2006 government report on Mexico’s “dirty war” said 7 of the men died from being tortured.
1972 Mont Liggins (1926-2010), New Zealand medical doctor, carried out a trial in which synthetic cortisol was given to women in premature labor. It reduced by half the number of babies dying. Tests on sheep had shown him that cortisol helped lungs to mature early. His research changed medical practice and saved hundreds of thousands of lives.
(Econ, 9/4/10, p.93)
1972 Abu Daoud at a cafe in Rome with fellow PLO guerrilla leader Abu Iyad and his assistant, Mohammed al-Omari, read in a newspaper that the International Olympics Committee had refused the PLO's request to send a Palestinian delegation to the Munich Olympics. They decided to “participate in their own way.” Daoud was given the task of doing the operation's groundwork. Daoud first acknowledged having a role in the 1972 Munich operation in the 1999 book: "Palestine: From Jerusalem to Munich."
1972 The conflict between the government and Muslim rebels began. A full-scale guerrilla war began in which some 120,000 people were killed by 1999.
(WSJ, 6/20/96, p.A1)(WSJ, 6/22/99, p.A19)
1972 Kamal Helbawy, a London-based Egyptian and speaker on behalf of the Muslim Brotherhood, was invited to Saudi Arabia to set up the World Assembly of Muslim Youth (WAMY).
(Econ, 2/4/06, p.24)
1972 The Soviets introduced the Tu-154 airplane. It was their version of the Boeing 727. The three-engine Tupolev 154 first flew passengers and has since become a workhorse of fleets in Russia, the former Soviet bloc and China. The jet can carry between 156 and 180 passengers and has a range of 2,400 miles at a maximum speed of 560 mph.
(SFC, 7/4/01, p.A10)(AP, 7/2/02)
1972 The Soviet Union began producing more private cars than trucks.
(Econ, 7/12/08, p.94)
1972 In Singapore the Jehovah’s Witnesses were banned because their male followers refused compulsory military duty.
(SFC, 7/2/96, p.A10)(www.singapedia.com.sg/entries/j/jehovahs_witnesses.html)
1972 The Somali language first became a written language.
(SFEC, 10/10/99, Z1 p.6)
1972 In southwest Spain a train collided with a bus killing 86 people and injuring 112.
1972 In Sri Lanka the Tamil New Tigers (TNT) was founded by Velupillai Prabhakaran, an eighteen-year-old school dropout, who was the son of a minor government official. TNT abandoned the political process altogether and geared itself for violence. The Tamil rebellion began and thousands were killed in the ultra-leftist campaign. Suicide bombers of the Tamil Tigers later killed Pres. Ranasinghe Premadasa and former Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi.
(SFC, 6/20/96, p.A8)(www.onwar.com/aced/data/tango/tamil1983.htm)
1972 Sweden’s PM Olof Palme compared America’s bombing in Vietnam to Nazi atrocities during WWII. America in response cut diplomatic ties with Sweden; they were not restored until 1974.
(Econ, 9/7/13, p.54)
1972 In Taiwan Giant Manufacturing began producing bicycles for foreign and domestic buyers. By 2008 it was the world’s largest bicycle maker.
(Econ, 9/20/08, p.79)
1972 Bulent Ecevit (1925-2006) succeeded Ismet Inonu (1884-1973) as head of the Republican People’s Party. In 1974 he became prime minister of Turkey.
(Econ, 3/19/05, Survey p.4)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/B%C3%BClent_Ecevit)
1972 In Uganda Idi Amin’s State Research Bureau stuffed the chief justice into the boot of a car, after which he was never heard of again.
(Econ, 11/26/05, p.60)
1972 The UAR formed the Federal National Council (FNC). It had no legislative powers and was set up merely as an advisory board to the Federal Supreme Council, the country's highest governing body, made up of the emirates' rulers. Elections for half of the FNC members began in 2006.
1972 In Zaire (later Congo DRC) Joseph-Desire Mobutu (1930-1997) changed his name to Mobutu Sese Seko Kuku Ngbendu wa za Banga, which meant "the all-powerful warrior who, because of his inflexible will to win, will go from conquest to conquest leaving fire in his wake.
1972 Zaire’s Mobutu Sese Seko passed a law granting Tutsis citizenship. He revoked it in 1981.
(Econ, 8/21/04, p.39)
1972-1973 El Nino currents led to the collapse of the Peruvian anchovy industry. The annual catch had peaked at 12 million tons.
(SFC, 3/23/98, p.A7)(Econ, 5/7/11, p.41)
1972-1974 In Brazil a group of rebels formed in the state of Para, the only rural armed movement against the dictatorship.
(SFC, 6/14/96, p. A14)
1972-1974 Ji Pengfei (1910-2000) served as China’s foreign minister. He later headed the committee that drafted the Basic Law, a mini-constitution for Hong Kong after the 1997 handover.
(SFC, 2/19/00, p.A21)
1972-1975 Soul music peaked in Philadelphia. In 2004 John A. Jackson authored “A House on Fire: The Rise and Fall of Philadelphia Soul.”
(SSFC, 11/7/04, p.M3)
1972-1979 In Rhodesia (later Zimbabwe) black rebels fought an insurgency against the minority white rule of Ian Smith’s government.
(Econ, 11/24/07, p.92)
1972-1988 The Great Salt Lake of Utah roughly doubled in size over this period.
(NH, 9/97, p.16)
1972-1994 A computer error miscalculated payments to 695,000 Social Security recipients to a total of $850 million in retirement benefits over this period.
(SFC, 10/4/96, p.A3)
Go to 1973
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