Jan 1, The US government Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program,
established by Congress in 1972, began providing new benefits for
the aged, blind and disabled.
(SFEC, 1/5/97, Z1
1974 Jan 1 In Britain a 3-day
work week went into effect following a power shortage caused by
(Econ, 4/3/10, p.59)(http://tinyurl.com/y76xjwe)
1974 Jan 1, Nawab Akbar Shahbaz
Khan Bugti (1927-2006), governor of Balochistan, Pakistan, resigned
shortly after Bhutto launched an army operation in Balochistan. The
army had deployed 100,000 men in Baluchistan and with the help of
the Iranian air force killed large numbers of Baluchis.
1974 Jan 2, President Nixon
signed legislation requiring states to limit highway speeds to 55
mph. Federal speed limits were abolished in 1995. The legislation
was conceived by Claude Brinegar (1926-2009), Nixon’s secretary of
1974 Jan 2, Coleman Young
(1918-1997) was inaugurated as mayor of Detroit. In 1973 he narrowly
defeated Police Commissioner John F. Nichols, who would later become
Oakland County Sheriff, to become Detroit's first African American
mayor. Young won the four subsequent terms by very wide margins and
continued in office until December, 1993.
1974 Jan 3, Following
eight years of inactivity, Bob Dylan and The Band began his 2-month
concert tour in Chicago, IL. The tour was recorded and later
released as a double-LP set titled, “Before the Flood.”
1974 Jan 4, President Nixon
refused to hand over tape recordings and documents subpoenaed by the
Senate Watergate Committee.
1974 Jan 6, David Alfaro
Siqueiros (b.1896), Mexican artist (muralist), died. His work
included the 1933 mural "Ejercicio Plastico" (Plastic Exercise),
completed in Argentina at the home of newspaper magnate Natalio
Botana (d.1941). In 1994 the 650-square-foot work fell into a legal
1974 Jan 9, Cambodian
Government troops opened a drive to avert insurgent attack on Phnom
1974 Jan 10, An Advisory Panel
on White House Tapes determined that an 18-m gap in Watergate tape
was due to erasure and of no consequence.
1974 Jan 13, Salvador Novo
(b.1904), gay Mexican writer, poet and official chronicler of Mexico
1974 Jan 15, "Happy Days" began
an 11 year run on ABC.
1974 Jan 15, In Wichita,
Kansas, 4 members of the Otero family were found murdered. Their
murder was later associated with the BTK serial killer. In 2005
Dennis Rader pleaded guilty to 10-counts of 1st degree murder for
killings from 1974-1991.
1974 Jan 16, NY Yankees Mickey
Mantle and Whitey Ford were elected to Hall of Fame.
1974 Jan 17-1974 Jan 19, China
occupied the Paracel Islands following the Battle of Hoang Sea, a
bloody skirmish with Vietnam.
(Econ, 3/31/07, SR
1974 Jan 18, "$6 Million Man"
starring Lee Majors premiered on ABC TV.
1974 Jan 18, Israel and Egypt
signed a Separation of Forces Agreement.
1974 Jan 20, Howard C. Ulrich
was appointed by Gov. Ronald Reagan to serve as the chief of
Caltrans and served from this day to Aug 8, 1975.
(SFEC, 1/31/99, p.A14)
1974 Jan 21, The U.S. Supreme
Court decided that pregnant teachers could no longer be forced to
take long leaves of absence.
1974 Jan 25, Ray Kroc
(1902-1984), the head of McDonald's Corp., bought the SD Padres for
$12 million and prevented the team's planned move to Washington DC.
1974 Jan 25, Bulent Ecevit
(1925-2006) became prime minister of Turkey.
1974 Jan 27, Pavel Rafalovich
Bermon(d)t-Avalov, (b.1877 in Tbilisi), died in New York. He was an
Ussuri Cossack and warlord. He adopted his second surname Avalov
after his adoptive father, Georgian prince Mikhail Avalishvili. At
the end of WWI he was appointed to lead the German-established
Russian army (subsequently frequently known after his name as "the
Bermontians") which was meant to go to fight the Bolsheviks in the
Russian Civil War, but, believing that communists would be defeated
without his help, he decided to strike against the newly independent
nations of Lithuania and Latvia instead. The Bermontians managed to
capture a large part of Samogitia and western Latvia and entered
Riga, but later were defeated by the Lithuanian and Latvian armies,
with the help of the Estonian forces.
1974 Jan 31, Samuel Goldwyn
(b.1879), Polish-born US film magnate (MGM), died.
1974 Jan 31, Gold hit a record
high of $195.5 an ounce.
1974 Feb 1, Lynda Ann Healy,
1st Bundy murder victim, was abducted in Seattle.
1974 Feb 2, Barbra Streisand
made her 1st #1 hit, "The Way We Were."
1974 Feb 2, In Fort Myers,
Florida, Cynthia Nadeau was raped and her boyfriend Terry Milroy was
murdered. Delbert Tibbs (1939-1974) was soon after arrested in
Ocala, Fl., for the rape and murder. In December Tibbs was falsely
convicted and sentenced to death. In 1976 a judge reveiewed the case
and found no evidence to support the conviction. Tibbs was released
1974 Feb 4, Newspaper heiress
Patricia Hearst (19) was kidnapped in Berkeley, Calif., by the
Symbionese Liberation Army. Her boyfriend Steven Weed was beaten.
Patty Hearst ran away to join an underground revolutionary group,
the Symbionese Liberation Front.
(TMC, 1994, p.1974)(SFC, 2/8/97, p.A7)(AP,
2/4/97)(AP, 2/4/97)(SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W22)
1974 Feb 4, Mao Tse-tung
proclaimed a new "cultural revolution" in China.
1974 Feb 5, John Murtha
(1932-2010), became Pennsylvania’s Democratic representative
following a special House election. He became the first Vietnam
veteran to serve in Congress.
1974 Feb 6, The Committee on
the Judiciary of the House of Representatives was authorized to
begin determining grounds for the impeachment of Pres. Nixon. Public
hearings began on May 9.
1974 Feb 7, Mel Brooks'
"Blazing Saddles" opened in movie theaters.
1974 Feb 7, The island nation
of Grenada won independence from Britain. This included the northern
islands of Carriacou and Petite Martinique.
(SFC, 7/1/97, p.A9)(AP, 2/7/97)(SSFC, 12/11/05,
1974 Feb 8, The three-man crew
of "Skylab" space station returned to Earth after spending 84 days
1974 Feb 8, Fritz Zwicky
(b.1898), Swiss-US astronomer, died. In 1934 he and Walter Baade
coined the term "supernova" and hypothesized that they were the
transition of normal stars into neutron stars, as well as the origin
of cosmic rays.
1974 Feb 9, US female Figure
Skating championship was won by Dorothy Hamill.
1974 Feb 12, The SLA sent a
letter a tape with the voices of Patty Hearst and "general field
marshal Cinque" to KPFA. They demanded free food to the poor of the
Bay Area, prison reform and social justice. Symbionese Liberation
Army asked the Hearst family for $230 million in food for the poor.
(HN, 2/12/97)(SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W22)
1974 Feb 12, The Russian Mars 5
Orbiter entered orbit around Mars and relayed imaging data for the
Mars 6 & 7 missions.
(SFC, 11/19/96, p.B1)
1974 Feb 13, Alexander
Solzhenitsyn was exiled from the USSR. He wrote his novel "First
Circle" based on experiences in a Moscow prison camp, where he met
Lev Kopelev (d.1997 at 85), a dissident author and Communist
idealist. The character Rubin in "First Circle" is based on
(TMC, 1994, p.1974)(SFC, 6/21/97, p.A18)(MC,
1974 Feb 15, US gasoline
stations threatened to close because of federal fuel policies.
1974 Feb 16, In California Rev.
Cecil Williams of Glide Memorial Church received a tape from the SLA
wherein Cinque said a "reasonable" food giveaway would be acceptable
as a condition for the release of Patty Hearst.
(SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W22)
1974 Feb 17, Henry Kulbaski
(d.2007), White House Secret Service agent, ordered service agents
to shoot down a stolen helicopter that was flying around the White
House. Robert K. Preston (b.1954), a US Army private, suffered
superficial pellet wounds and was taken into custody.
1974 Feb 18, In California
Randolph Hearst was to give $2 million in free food for the poor in
order to open talks for his daughter Patty.
1974 Feb 19, Randolph Hearst
announced a $2 million food program called People in Need.
(SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W22)
1974 Feb 21, A report claimed
that the use of defoliants by the U.S. had scarred Vietnam for
century. Defoliation was meant to save lives by denying the enemy
cover. But for some the 'cure' was worse than the problem.
1974 Feb 21, Tim Horton, hockey
player for the Toronto Maple Leafs, died at 44 in a car crash
driving back home to Buffalo after a game in Toronto. His career
spanned 25 years with 6 invitations to all-star teams.
(SFC, 5/16/97, p.A19)
1974 Feb 22, Cesar Chavez began
a UFW march from Union Square in SF to Gallo headquarters in
(SFEM, 4/13/97, p.11)
1974 Feb 22, Samuel Joseph Byck
(1930–1974), an unemployed former tire salesman, attempted to hijack
a plane flying out of Baltimore-Washington International Airport. He
intended to crash into the White House in hopes of killing US
President Richard M. Nixon. Byck killed pilot Fred Jones and a
aviation officer George Neal Ramsburg before he was shot and wounded
by gunfire through the door of a Delta DC-9 airplane. Byck then shot
himself in the head.
1974 Feb 22, Pakistan
officially recognized Bangladesh.
1974 Feb 23, William F.
Knowland, former Cal. state senator and Oakland Tribune newspaper
publisher and editor, committed suicide. In 1998 Gayle B. Montgomery
and James W. Johnson, in collaboration with Paul G. Manolis,
published the biography "One Step from the White House: The Rise and
Fall of Senator William F. Knowland."
(SFEC, 5/17/98, BR
1974 Feb 27, "People" magazine
began sales. [see Mar 4]
1974 Feb 28, The United States
and Egypt re-established diplomatic relations after a seven-year
1974 Feb 28, Britain’s Labor
Party won the parliamentary election. No party had an overall
majority resulting in a hung parliament. This lasted until elections
(www.enotes.com/peoples-chronology/year-1974)(Econ, 4/24/10, p.14)
1974 Feb, Kim Jong Il was
elected to the Political Bureau of the Workers Party's Central
Committee and formally becomes North Korea's future leader.
1974 Feb, In Portugal Marshal
Antonio de Spinola (1910-1996) published a critique of the
dictatorship's African policy.
1974 Mar 1, A grand jury in
Washington, DC, concluded that President Nixon was indeed involved
in the Watergate cover-up. 7 people, including former Nixon
White House aides H.R. Haldeman and John D. Ehrlichman, former
Attorney General John Mitchell and former assistant Attorney General
Robert Mardian, were indicted on charges of conspiring to obstruct
justice in connection with the Watergate break-in. They were
convicted the following January, although Mardian's conviction was
later reversed. In 2005 Vanity Fair Magazine revealed that W. Mark
Felt (91), former FBI official, was the Watergate whistleblower Deep
Throat, who helped bring down Pres. Nixon.
(HN, 3/1/98)(AP, 3/1/99)(AP, 6/1/05)
1974 Mar 1, The Ethiopian
government of Makonnen Endelkacaw (1927-1974) formed.
1974 Mar 2, In the 16th Grammy
Awards Roberta Flack won for the song “Killing Me Softly” &
Bette Midler won as Best New Artist. Stevie Wonder got five Grammy
Awards for his album, "Innervisions" and his hit songs, "You Are The
Sunshine of My Life" and "Superstition".
1974 Mar 2, US 1st class
postage stamps rose from 8 cents to 10 cents.
1974 Mar 2, In Spain Catalan
activist Salvador Puig (b.1948) became the world’s last person to be
garroted. He was executed by the Francoist regime after being tried
by a military tribunal and found guilty of the death of a Spanish
1974 Mar 3, "Sextet" opened at
Bijou Theater in NYC for 9 performances.
1974 Mar 3, A Turkish Airlines
DC-10 crashed shortly after takeoff from Orly Airport in Paris and
346 people were killed. It was the worst air disaster to date.
1974 Mar 4, The first issue of
People Magazine was dated March 4.
1974 Mar 4, The play "Knuckle"
by David Hare (b.1947) premiered in London.
1974 Mar 4, Harold Wilson, head
of the Labor Party, replaced resigning Edward Heath as British
premier. Wilson called elections for October and the Labor Party
defeated the Conservatives, after which Margaret Thatcher replaced
Heath as party leader (1975).
(SC, 3/4/02)(SFC, 7/18/05, p.B6)
1974 Mar 5, A revived "Candide"
opened at Broadway Theater in NYC for 740 performances. The book and
lyrics were revised from the 1956 version.
(SFC, 1/11/05, p.E1)
1974 Mar 5, Solomon I "Sol"
Hurok (b.1888), Ukraine-born US impresario, died.
1974 Mar 6, "Over Here" opened
at Shubert Theater in NYC for 341 performances.
1974 Mar 7, Duke Univ. and the
North Carolina Department of Archives and History announced the
discovery of the Civil War ship USS Monitor.
1974 Mar 8, Charles the Gaulle
Airport (aka Roissy I) opened outside of Paris.
1974 Mar 9, Officer Hiroo Onoda
(d.2014), the last Japanese soldier operating in the Philippines,
surrendered, 29 years after World War II ended. The Japanese
intelligence officer and WWII holdout, came out of hiding in
fatigues patched many times over, on Lubang island in the
Philippines on his 52nd birthday.
1974 Mar 9, Earl W. Sutherland
Jr. (b.1915), US pharmacologist and winner of the Nobel Prize in
Medicine (1971), died.
1974 Mar 11, Iraq's "Law for
Autonomy in the Area of Kurdistan" was promulgated. It stipulated
that: "The Kurdish language shall be the official language of
education for Kurds ... Kurdish shall be the official language of
education for the Kurds."
1974 Mar 12, Bundy
victim Donna Manson (b.1954) disappeared from Evergreen State
College in Olympia, Wa.
1974 Mar 12, Chilean Gen.
Alberto Bachelet (b.1923) died in prison after Gen. Augusto
Pinochet's military convicted him of being a traitor. His daughter,
Michelle, later became Chile's first female president. In 2011 a
judge agreed to review a complaint alleging that Bachelet was
tortured to death. On July 17, 2012, two military officers were
charged with torturing Bachelet.
(AP, 8/26/11)(SFC, 7/18/12, p.A2)
1974 Mar 12, Billy Fox
(b.1939), Protestant Dublin MP, was assassinated.
1974 Mar 12, The Russian Mars 6
went into orbit and the lander transmitted atmospheric data during
descent before failing.
(SFC, 11/19/96, p.B1)
1974 Mar 12, Carlos Andres
Perez (1922-2010) began serving as president of Venezuela and
continued to 1979. Oil income exceeded $48 billion over this period.
Foreign debt meanwhile grew from $3 billion to $18 billion. Perez
served a 2nd term from 1989-1993.
(SFC, 12/8/99, p.A14)(AP, 12/25/10)(Econ, 1/8/11,
1974 Mar 13, The Dow Jones
dropped to 577.60.
(WSJ, 7/22/96, p.B1)(http://tinyurl.com/4uu3s9)
1974 Mar 15, In Brazil General
Ernesto Geisel (1907-1996) became president and ruled for 5 years.
He gradually ended political repression, lifted press censorship and
allowed political exiles to return. Under his rule the foreign debt
doubled to $43 billion.
1974 Mar 17 Arab oil ministers,
with the exception of Libya, announced the end the oil embargo on
1974 Mar 17, Louis Kahn (1901),
Estonia-born architect, died. His designs included the capital
building of Bangladesh, completed in 1983. In 2004 his son Nathaniel
Kahn directed the documentary film "My Architect: A Son's Journey."
(PBS, Internet)(SFC, 2/6/04, p.D5)
1974 Mar 20, Chet Huntley
(b.1911), newscaster (NBC Huntley-Brinkley Report), died of lung
1974 Mar 22, The Viet Cong
proposed a new truce with the United States and South Vietnam, which
includes general elections.
1974 Mar 28, In Romania the
position of President of the Republic was created especially for
Nicolae Ceausescu, who is then named President for life by Grand
1974 Mar 29, Mariner 10 first
flew past Mercury.
(NH, 5/01, p.38)
1974 Mar 29, In Ohio 8 National
Guardsmen were indicted on charges stemming from the shooting deaths
of 4 students at Kent State University. On Nov 8 the charges were
1974 Apr 2, In the 46th Academy
Awards "Sting," Glenda Jackson and Jack Lemmon win. Robert Opel (33)
of SF streaked naked across the stage. Opel was shot and killed 5
years later during a robbery in SF.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/46th_Academy_Awards)(SFEC, 3/14/99, DB
1974 Apr 2,
French President Georges Pompidou (62) died in Paris. Alain Pohrer
(1909-1996) as president of the Senate then served as interim
president for 7 weeks.
(SFC, 12/12/96, p.C8)(AP, 4/2/97)
1974 Apr 3, A tape from the SLA
announced Patty Hearst's decision to "stay and fight" with the SLA.
(SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W22,23)
1974 Apr 3, The Joint Committee
on Internal Revenue Taxation of the Congress reported that $476,531
in back taxes and interest was owed by President Richard Nixon.
Responding to charges of fraud, Nixon requested the committee
investigation of his taxes and, upon its report, agreed to pay. The
report made no conclusion regarding fraud.
1974 Apr 3, A series of 148
deadly tornadoes struck wide parts of the South and Midwest before
jumping across the border into Canada; some 330 people were killed
in 13 states: Alabama, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky,
Michigan, Mississippi, North Carolina, Ohio, South Carolina,
Tennessee, Virginia, and West Virginia. Total property damage was
estimated at $600 million. In 2007 Mark Levine authored “F5:
Devastation, Survival, and the Most Violent Tornado Outbreak of the
(AP, 4/3/99)(WSJ, 9/13/01, p.B11)(SSFC, 9/4/05,
p.A7)(WSJ, 6/16/07, p.P10)
1974 Apr 4, Hank Aaron of the
Atlanta Braves tied Babe Ruth's home-run record by hitting his 714th
round-tripper in Cincinnati.
(HN, 4/4/98)(AP, 4/4/99)
1974 Apr 4, In England an armed
payroll robbery took place at the London Electricity Board (LEB).
George Davis (b.1941) was arrested for the robbery and his wife,
Rose Davis (d.2009, campaigned for his release. In 1976 the
conviction was overturned as unsafe. In Sep 1977 George was again
arrested for a bank robbery and Rose promptly divorced him. In 2009
she authored “The Wars of Rosie: Hard Knocks, Endurance and the
'George Davis Is Innocent' Campaign.”
1974 Apr 5, The World Trade
Center (WTC), the tallest building in the world at 110 stories,
opened in NYC.
1974 Apr 6, Willem Dudok
(b.1884), Dutch architect (Hilversum Town Hall), died.
1974 Apr 8, Hank Aaron of the
Atlanta Braves hit his 715th career home run in a game against the
Los Angeles Dodgers, breaking Babe Ruth's record. The round-tripper
was off pitcher Al Downing.
(HN, 4/8/98)(AP, 4/8/07)
1974 Apr 10, Golda Meir
announced her resignation as prime minister of Israel. Yitzhak Rabin
replaced Golda Meir.
(AP, 4/10/97)(HN, 4/10/98)
1974 Apr 11, The US House
Judiciary Committee votes 33-3 to issue a subpoena ordering Nixon to
turn over all tape recordings and related materials on 42
1974 Apr 11, United Mine
Workers president W. A. "Tony" Boyle was found guilty of
first-degree murder, for ordering the assassination of union
reformer Joseph A. "Jock" Yablonski in 1969. Yablonski, his wife and
daughter were murdered on December 30, 1969. Boyle had defeated
Yablonski in the UMW election earlier in the year-an election marred
by intimidation and vote fraud. In 1972 the election was set aside
by a federal court after Boyle had been convicted of illegal use of
UMW funds in the federal elections of 1968. In a new election held
in December, 1972, Boyle was defeated by rank and file reformist
Arnold Miller. Soon after the election Boyle was put on trial for
murdering the Yablonskis and was sentenced to three consecutive life
terms in prison.
(HNQ, 11/8/99)(SFC, 11/8/99, p.C2)
1974 Apr 15, SLA members
including Patty Hearst robbed the Sunset Branch of the Hibernia Bank
in SF of more than $10,000. While fleeing they wounded 2 people
(SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W23)
1974 Apr 17, Ted Bundy victim
Susan Rancourt disappeared from CWU, Ellensburg, WA.
1974 Apr 18, In Genoa, Italy,
the Red Brigade kidnapped deputy attorney Mario Sossi. He was held
for 35 days.
(WSJ, 12/13/07, p.A18)(http://tinyurl.com/39vg4e)
1974 Apr 18, Marcel Pagnol
(b.1895), French writer and film director, died.
1974 Apr 22, A Pan Am 707
crashed into the mountains of Bali, killing 107.
1974 Apr 25, Marshal Antonio de
Spinola (1910-1996) was called to the barricades in Portugal to
receive the surrender of the 41-year old regime of Antonio Salazar.
Spinola was then named head of state by the 7-member military junta,
which included Gen. Costa Gomes. The Carnation Revolution changed
the Portuguese regime from an authoritarian dictatorship to a
democracy after two years of a transitional period known as PREC
(Processo Revolucionário Em Curso), characterized by social turmoil
and power dispute between left and right wing political forces.
p.D6)(SFC, 8/4/01, p.E2)
1974 Apr 28, A federal jury in
New York acquitted former Attorney General John Mitchell and former
Commerce Secretary Maurice H. Stans of charges in connection with a
secret $200,000 contribution to President Nixon's re-election
campaign from financier Robert Vesco. Vesco had gained control of
IOS, a mutual fund firm, and looted hundreds of millions. In 1971 he
fled to the Bahamas, then Costa Rica and finally to Cuba where he
was convicted in 1996 for economic crimes against the state and
sentenced to 13 years in prison.
(AP, 4/28/99)(WSJ, 7/10/02, p.A8)
1974 Apr 29, President Nixon
announced he was releasing edited transcripts of some secretly made
White House tape recordings related to Watergate.
1974 Apr 30, President Nixon
handed over partial transcripts of Watergate tape recordings.
1974 May 1, The US Federal
Hourly Minimum Wage was set at $2.00 an hour.
1974 May 2, Former Vice
President Spiro T. Agnew was disbarred by the Maryland Court of
Appeals, effectively preventing him from practicing law anywhere in
the United States.
1974 May 6, Bundy victim
Roberta Parks disappeared from OSU, Corvallis, Ore.
1974 May 7, West German
chancellor W. Brandt (1913-1992) resigned. A bizarre spy scandal
brought Brandt down after 4 years in office.
1974 May 8, William Simon
(1927-2000), former Wall Street bond trader, began serving as the
63rd head of the US Treasury Dept. under Pres. Nixon. Simon was
reappointed by President Ford and served until 1977. From 1977-1980
he served as treasurer of the US Olympic Committee.
(SFEC, 6/4/00, p.C15)(WSJ, 6/7/00,
1974 May 8, In Canada the
government of Pierre Trudeau fell on a sub-amendment to the budget
(thus a question of confidence).
1974 May 9, The House Judiciary
Committee opened hearings on whether to recommend the impeachment of
(AP, 5/9/97)(HN, 5/9/98)
1974 May 11, In Argentina
leftist liberation theology priest Carlos Mugica (b.1930) was killed
by ultra-right groups.
1974 May 15, PFLP terrorists
took a school in Maalot, Israel. 26 people were killed including 21
children after an unsuccessful rescue attempt.
(www.mfa.gov.il/mfa)(WSJ, 9/14/04, p.A20)
1974 May 16, SLA members
William and Emily Harris were identified with Patty Hearst in LA
during a shoplifting attempt at Mel's Sporting Goods store. They
escaped in a stolen van with a 19-year-old kidnapped victim.
(SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W23)(SFC, 2/4/99, p.A8)
1974 May 16, Helmut Schmidt
(b.1918), head of the Social Democratic Party became the West German
chancellor and served until October 1, 1982.
(AP, 11/21/05)(SFC, 5/31/00,
1974 May 17, LA police and FBI
agents engaged in a gun battle with SLA members in a bungalow. The
house caught fire and 6 bodies were recovered that included Cinque
and William Wolfe. Patty Hearst was not there.
1974 May 17, In Northern
Ireland three cars exploded amidst crowds of Dublin shoppers and
commuters walking toward a train station. A fourth detonated about
an hour later outside a pub in the border town of Monaghan. In 2007
an investigation into the bombings was finally completed by lawyer
Patrick MacEntee. The government had tasked MacEntee in 2005 with
finding out why Ireland's national police force, the Garda Siochana,
closed down its investigation in 1974 and failed to follow up
1974 May 18, "The Streak" by
Ray Stevens hits #1.
1974 May 18, India became the
sixth nation to explode an atomic bomb. India conducted its first
nuclear tests and then halted testing. India had exploited the
civilian nuclear help it received under America’s “Atoms for Peace”
(WSJ, 4/2/96, p.A-10)(SFC, 4/27/98, p.A12)(HN,
5/18/98)(Econ, 9/13/08, p.48)
1974 May 18, World's tallest
structure, a 646-m Polish radio mast, was completed. It fell down
1974 May 19, Valeri Giscard
d'Estaing won French presidential elections.
1974 May 20, Judge John Sirica
ordered President Nixon to turn over tapes and records of 64 White
House conversations regarding Watergate.
1974 May 20, Ian Fairweather
(b.1891), Scotland-born Australian artist, died. He lived for much
of his life as a recluse on Bribie Island, north of Brisbane. In
Murray Bail authored “Fairweather,” a biography with color
reproductions. The book was expanded in 2009.
1974 May 24, Duke Ellington
(b.1899) died of cancer in NYC. A major influence in jazz,
especially the big band sound, Ellington orchestrated over 1,000
pieces of music during his prolific career. Although some tunes most
associated with Duke Ellington and ‘His Famous Orchestra‘ were
written by others (Billy Strayhorn wrote "Take the A Train"),
Ellington capitalized on his outstanding ensemble by writing pieces
emphasizing the talents of individual performers such as Johnny
Hodges and Jimmy Blanton. In addition to big band pieces, he also
wrote for film, ballet and opera. In 1991 Mark Tucker (d.2000)
authored "Ellington: The Early Years." In 1993 Tucker edited "The
Duke Ellington Reader." In 2013 Terry Teachout authored “Duke: A
Life of Duke Ellington.”
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Duke_Ellington)(SFEC, 2/21/99, DB
p.32)(SSFC, 12/10/00, p.C17)(SSFC, 11/3/13, p.F2)
1974 May 25, Donald Crisp
(b.1882), English film actor and director, died in California.
1974 May 25, Pam Morrison
(b.1946), wife of Door's vocalist Jim, died of drug overdose in Los
1974 May 26, The federal
government instituted the Community Development Block Grant (CDBG)
program under the Housing and Urban Development (HUD) agency.
(SFC, 5/27/99, p.A20)
1974 May 27, In France Valerie
Giscard d’Estaing began serving as president. He nominated Jacques
Chirac (b.1932) to serve as prime minister. Chirac served his 1st
term as prime minister to Aug 26, 1976.
1974 May 28, "Magic Show"
opened at Cort Theater in NYC for 1859 performances.
1974 May 28, In the 26th Emmy
Awards: MASH, Alan Alda & Mary Tyler Moore won.
1974 May 29, President Nixon
agreed to turn over 1,200 pages of edited Watergate transcripts.
1974 May 29, Northern Ireland
was brought under direct rule from Westminster.
1974 May 31, Israel and Syria
signed an agreement on the Golan Heights.
1974 May, Robert Kahn and
Vinton Cerf published a paper that outlined the protocols of the
Internet. Cerf and Kahn used aspects of a data network created by
Frenchman Louis Pouzin that linked locations in France, Italy and
Britain. Kahn and Cerf’s Transmission Control Protocol/Internet
Protocol (TCP/IP) was updated in 1978. In 2004 they received the
A.M. Turing Award for their work. By December full specifications
for the new proposal were published.
(SFC, 6/11/05, p.C1)(Econ, 6/10/06, Survey
p.33)(Econ, 11/30/13, TQ p.19)
1974 May, William Bennett
(d.2002 at 78) and William Pennington bought Circus Circus
Enterprises. They took the company public in 1983.
1974 May, The Sikkimese
Congress decided to put an end to monarchical rule, and the Sikkim
assembly passed the Government of Sikkim Act 1974, for the
progressive realization of a fully responsible government in Sikkim
and for furthering its relationship with India.
1974 May, Major Abdel Jalloud,
Libya's second in command, traveled to Moscow and concluded the
first in a series of arms sales agreements that remain the largest
ever reached by the Soviets.
1974 Jun 1, The song "Midnight
At The Oasis" by Maria Muldaur peaked at #6 on the pop singles
1974 Jun 1, The song "Oh Very
Young" by Cat Stevens peaked at #10 on the pop singles chart.
1974 Jun 2, Jigme Druk Gyalpo
Jigme Singye Wangchuck (18) was crowned king of Bhutan.
1974 Jun 3, The last Air
America aircraft crossed the border from Laos into Thailand.
American forces left Laos and abandoned some 36,000 Laotians hired
to battle North Vietnamese troops. The Hmong and Iu Mien were 2 hill
tribes hired by the Americans to break codes and rescue downed
pilots. Many of the soldiers fled to Thailand where they lived in
refugee camps. Some 35,000 Iu Mien later moved to the US.
(SFC,12/27/97, p.A15)(SFEC, 1/24/99,
1974 Jun 3, Charles Colson, an
aide to President Richard Nixon, pleaded guilty to obstruction of
1974 Jun 3, Yitzhak Rabin
(1922-1995) formed a new Israeli government.
1974 Jun 4, Ten Cent Beer Night
was an ill-fated promotion held by the American League's Cleveland
Indians during a game against the Texas Rangers at Cleveland
1974 Jun 6, James Quisenberry
(26), in prison for aggravated assault and armed robbery, escaped
from a New Jersey prison. In 2007 he was found and arrested in
(SFC, 2/22/07, p.B2)
1974 Jun 7, The Steve Silver
show "Beach Blanket Babylon" premiered at the Savoy Tivoli in San
Francisco. Nancy Bleiweiss was the original star of the show.
8/1/99, DB p.48)
1974 Jun 11, Georgann Hawkins,
Bundy victim, disappeared from UW, in Seattle, Wash.
1974 Jun 14, Leonard K.
Firestone (1907-1996), son of Harvey Firestone (1868-1938) - the
founder of the Firestone Tire & Rubber Co., began serving as US
ambassador to Belgium. He continued as ambassador there until
January 20, 1977.
1974 Jun 17, In Italy 2 people
died in a Red Brigades attack on a right-wing party’s office.
1974 Jun 19, Pres. Nixon
returned from a 9-day visit to the Middle-East, where he met with
leaders of Egypt, Syria, Israel, Saudi Arabia and Jordan.
1974 Jun 26, At the Marsh
Supermarket in Troy, Ohio, Sharon Buchanon became the 1st cashier to
scan a Universal Product Code (UPC) code. The 59 black and white bar
code was used on a 67 cent 10-pack of Wrigley’s Juicy Fruit chewing
gum. The scanner was a Spectra-Physics Model A. Norman Joseph
Woodland and Bernard Silver (d.1962) had patented the 1st bar code
scanner in 1952. In 1977 an int’l. version was created.
(SFC, 7/5/04, p.E3)(SSFC, 11/6/05, p.B5)(SFC,
1974 Jun 26, German regulators
forced the troubled Bank Herstatt into liquidation. A number of
banks had released payment of Deutsche Marks (DEM) to Herstatt in
Frankfurt in exchange for US Dollars (USD) that was to be delivered
in New York. Because of time-zone differences, Herstatt ceased
operations between the times of the respective payments. The
counterparty banks did not receive their USD payments.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herstatt_Bank)(Econ, 9/21/13, p.81)
1974 Jun 27, Pres. Nixon
arrived in Moscow for his 3rd summit. During the summit the US and
Russia approved a partial atomic test ban treaty.
1974 Jun 27, In Chile Gen.
Augusto Pinochet proclaimed himself "Supreme Chief of the Nation"
(de facto provisional president).
1974 Jun 28, Mario J. Molina
and F. Sherwood Rowland of UCLA, Irvine, proposed an alarming
hypothesis in Nature that the use of chlorofluorocarbons added
chlorine to the environment in steadily increasing amounts. In
1985 scientists discovered a hole in the ozone layer over
Antarctica. In 1987 governments negotiated the Montreal protocol to
phase out CFCs.
1974 Jun 29, In Fresno, Ca.,
Clarence Ray Allen (44) robbed Fran’s market. Soon after Mary Sue
Kitts (17) was murdered on orders from Allen (44) for revealing
Allen’s role in a robbery. In 1997 Allen was convicted for her
murder and was sentenced to life in prison. Allen faced execution in
(SFC, 12/8/05, p.B3)(SFC, 1/13/06,
1974 Jun 29, Russian ballet
dancer Mikhail Baryshnikov defected in Toronto, Canada.
1974 Jun 29, In Uruguay Lt.
Miguel Dalmao (23) was in charge of the jail where Nibia
Sabalsagaray, a literature professor (24) and communist activist,
was taken from her Montevideo apartment. Hours later, she was dead.
In 2013 Gen. Dalmao was convicted of human rights violations.
1974 Jun 30, Alberta King
(b.1903), mother of Martin Luther King Jr., was assassinated in
Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta, Georgia by Marcus Chenault, a
twenty-one year old from Ohio who claimed that "all Christians are
1974 Jun, Members of the Joint
Institute for Nuclear Research in Dubna, USSR, reported their
discovery of Element 106, which they reported to have synthesized.
Glenn Seaborg was part of this group, and the element was named in
his honor. Ervin Hulet and Albert Ghiorso of UC Berkeley were also
members of the team.
1974 Jul 1, Juan D. Peron
(b.1895), president of Argentina (1946-55, 73-74), died. Isabel
Peron succeeded her husband Juan as president.
1974 Jul 1, Walter Scheel
(b.1919) began serving as the 4th President of the Federal Republic
of Germany and continued to 1979.
1974 Jul 6, Garrison Keillor
made his 1st live broadcast of "A Prairie Home Companion" from
Macalester College in St. Paul, Minn. In 2003 the show drew some 3.9
million listeners weekly. The show ended in 1987 and resumed in New
York in 1989. It returned to Minnesota in 1993.
(SFEC, 8/16/98, DB p.13)(SFC, 12/20/00,
p.E5)(SFC, 9/4/03, p.E12)
1974 Jul 8, The SF Chronicle
received the last verified letter from the Zodiac killer with a
complaint about the columnist Count Marco.
(SFC, 10/2/00, p.A19)
1974 Jul 8, Trudeau's Liberal
Party won Canadian parliamentary election.
1974 Jul 9, Earl Warren
(83), former California governor and US Chief Justice (1953-68) died
in Washington D.C. In 1997 Ed Cray authored the Warren biography
"Chief Justice." In 2006 Jim Newton authored “Justice for All: Earl
Warren and the Nation He Made.”
(AP, 7/9/99)(SFC, 2/28/01, p.A18)(SSFC, 12/3/06,
1974 Jul 10, The World Football
League played its first games.
1974 Jul 11, John W. Dean
testified before the US House Judiciary Committee in the impeachment
inquiry of Pres. Nixon.
1974 Jul 12, President Richard
Nixon's aides G. Gordon Liddy, John Ehrlichman and two others were
convicted of conspiracy and perjury in connection with the Watergate
scandal. They were convicted of conspiring to violate the civil
rights of Daniel Ellsberg's former psychiatrist.
(AP, 7/12/97)(HN, 7/12/98)
1974 Jul 12, The US Budget
Control Act was signed into law. It stripped away from the president
the power to withhold appropriated spending, and placed it in the
hands of Congress. The Congressional budget Office was formed.
1974 July 13, The US Senate
Watergate Committee proposed sweeping reforms to prevent another
1974 Jul 14, Bundy victims
Janice Ott and Denise Naslund disappeared at Lake Sammamish, WA.
Jul 14, Carl A. Spaats (b.1891), 1st chief of staff of USAF, died at
1974 Jul 15, Greek troops and
the Greek Cypriot National Guard staged a military coup on Cyprus
and archbishop-president Makarios fled. Nikos Giorgiades Sampson
(d.2001 at 66) served as president for 8 days following the military
coup that overthrew Archbishop Makarios. PM Bulent Ecevit ordered
Turkish troops to invade Cyprus following the Greek Cypriot coup.
1974 Jul 17, Jay Hanna "Dizzy"
Dean (b.1910), pitcher (St Louis Cards), died in Nevada.
1974 Jul 19, The House
Judiciary Committee recommended that President Richard Nixon should
stand trial in the Senate for any of the five impeachment charges
1974 Jul 19, In the Philippines
a Miss Universe beauty pageant was held and thousands of squatters
around Manila were forcibly moved out of sight. Amparo Munoz of
1974 Jul 22, Wayne L. Morse
(b.1900), US Senator from Oregon (1945-1969), died.
1974 Jul 22, Only one of the 28
Greek commandos and four crew members survived a fiery crash they
came in to land at Nicosia airport in the pre-dawn hours. 19
soldiers were believed to be inside the Noratlas' incinerated
fuselage. The plane went down under withering volleys of friendly
fire from the airport's Greek Cypriot defenders, who were fearful of
an imminent landing by invading Turkish forces to take the
strategically important area. In 2015 excavations located the
1974 Jul 23, Greece's military
rulers announced they would turn the nation back to civilian rule.
Constantine Karamanlis returned from 11 years of self-imposed exile
and was sworn in as premier. Karamanlis later won a landslide
election and served as prime minister until 1980. The Ioannides
regime collapsed after plotting an aborted military takeover of
(AP, 7/23/97)(SFC, 4/23/98, p.B4)(SFC, 6/28/99,
1974 Jul 24, The U.S. Supreme
Court unanimously ruled that President Nixon had to turn over
subpoenaed White House tape recordings to the Watergate special
(AP, 7/24/97)(HN, 7/24/98)
1974 Jul 24, Fernando Bujones
(1955-2005), American-Cuban ballet virtuoso, won ballet’s gold medal
at Varna, Bulgaria.
1974 Jul 25, The US Supreme
Court ruled in Milliken v Bradley that desegregation cannot be
required across school district lines. The case had originated in
1974 Jul 25, T. Smirnova,
Russian astronomer, discovered asteroid #2345 Fucik.
1974 Jul 27, The House
Judiciary Committee voted 27-11 to recommend President Nixon's
impeachment on a charge that he had personally engaged in a "course
of conduct" designed to obstruct justice in the Watergate case.
(AP, 7/27/97)(HN, 7/27/98)
1974 Jul 29, The Episcopal
Church ordained female priests in Philadelphia.
1974 Jul 29, The House
Judiciary Committee approved Article 2 in the impeachment against
1974 Jul 29, Cass Elliot
(b.1941), singer (Mamas and Papas), was found dead in London from an
apparent heart attack.
1974 Jul 30, The House
Judiciary Committee voted down an article of impeachment against
President Richard Nixon relating to demeaning his office by
misconduct of personal financial affairs. In April, 1974, a
congressional inquiry into possible tax fraud revealed that Nixon
owed $476,531 in back taxes for the period 1969-72. He agreed to pay
and no conclusion was drawn by the congress regarding fraud. The
Judiciary Committee vote against the article of impeachment was
26-12. Article 3 of the impeachment was passed. Nixon resigned on
August 9, 1974. Peter Rodino presided over the impeachment hearings.
1974 Jul 30, The prime
ministers of Greece and Turkey and the British Foreign Secretary
signed a peace agreement to settle the Cyprus crisis.
1974 Aug 3, Jenny Beck, TV and
film actress, was born.
1974 Aug 5, President Richard
Nixon admitted that he ordered a cover-up of the Watergate break-in
for political as well as national security reasons. One of the
secret recordings, known as the "smoking gun" tape, was released. It
revealed that Nixon authorized hush money to Watergate burglar E.
Howard Hunt, and also revealed that Nixon ordered the CIA to tell
the FBI to stop investigating certain topics because of "the Bay of
(HN, 8/5/98)(SFC, 12/6/99,
1974 Aug 7, French stuntman
Philippe Petit walked a tightrope strung between the twin towers of
New York's World Trade Center. In 2002 Petit authored "To Reach the
Clouds: My High Wire Walk Between the Twin Towers." In 2003 Steven
Galloway authored "Ascension," a novel that featured a fictional
Gypsy tightrope walker named Ursari, who makes a final, fateful
skywalk between the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center on July 4,
1976. In 2008 James Marsh produced his documentary film of the
event: Man On Wire.”
(AP, 8/7/97)(SSFC, 9/8/02, p.M4)(SSFC, 10/11/03,
p.M3)(WSJ, 8/8/08, p.W1)
1974 Aug 8, President
Nixon announced he would resign his office 12PM Aug 9, following
damaging revelations in the Watergate scandal.
1974 Aug 8, Baldur von Schirach
(b.1907), Nazi youth leader, died.
1974 Aug 9, President Nixon's
resignation took effect. Gerald R. Ford was sworn in as the 38th US
President (1974-1976). Ford said "Our long national nightmare is
over" after he assumed the presidency following Richard Nixon‘s
resignation. After being sworn in, Ford spoke in the White House‘s
East Room and said, "My fellow Americans, our long national
nightmare is over." It was a line that Ford initially objected to
saying, feeling it was a little hard on Nixon. In 2007 Robert Dallek
authored “Nixon and Kissinger: Partners in Power.”
(SFEC, 5/11/97, p.T8,9)(HN, 8/9/98)(HNQ,
6/23/00)(Econ, 5/19/07, p.87)
1974 Aug 9, Bill Chase and 3
members of the Chase Band died in a plane crash while enroute to a
performance in Minnesota. Lead guitarist Angel South (aka Lucien
Gondron d. 1998 at 55) had struck out on his own solo career.
1974 Aug 14, The 93rd Congress
authorized US citizens to own gold. The Gold ownership ban from 1933
was rescinded by Public Law 93-373.
1974 Aug 14, The Turkish army
mounted a second full-scale offensive in Cyprus, despite the fact
that talks were still being held in Geneva and just as agreement was
about to be reached. 37% of the area of Cyprus came under Turkish
1974 Aug 14, Greek Cypriots
began a 2-day massacre that killed 83 Turkish Cypriot men in
1974 Aug 15, South Korean
President Park Chung-hee escaped an assassination attempt in which
his wife was killed. Park’s daughter took over as 1st lady.
(AP, 8/15/97)(Econ, 5/21/05, p.44)
1974 Aug 16, The Ramones 1st
performed at the CBGB in NYC. Dee Dee Ramone (d.2002) had formed the
Ramones punk rock band in the Forest Hills neighborhood of Queens
along with Jeffrey Hyman, John Cummings (aka Johnny Ramone, d.2004)
and Tom Erdelyi.
(SFC, 6/8/02, p.D4)(Econ, 9/25/04, p.100)
1974 Aug 19, US Ambassador
Rodger P. Davies was fatally wounded by a bullet that penetrated the
American embassy in Nicosia, Cyprus, during a protest by Greek
1974 Aug 20, Pres. Gerald Ford
selected Nelson Rockefeller as VP.
1974 Aug 22, Jacob Bronowski
(b.1908), British mathematician, cultural historian, died in East
1974 Aug 23, In Northern
Ireland Sean O'Callaghan, IRA member, and 2 other teenagers gunned
down police inspector Peter Flanagan in Broderick's Bar in Omagh.
O'Callaghan later served 8 years of a 539-year terrorism sentence
and was released in Dec, 1996 for becoming an informer.
1974 Aug 25, In Mexico Rosendo
Radilla, a guerrilla sympathizer and folk singer, disappeared after
being stopped at an army checkpoint near Acapulco. In 2009 the
Inter-American Court of Human Rights ordered the government to
apologize, pay damages to relatives and investigate the case.
Mexico’s Interior Department apologized on Nov 17, 2011. Three
unsuccessful attempts were made to find Radilla's remains at a
former army base in Guerrero state.
1974 Aug 26, Charles Lindbergh
(72), the first man to fly solo, nonstop across the Atlantic, died
at his home in Hawaii. Lindbergh had 3 illegitimate children in
Germany with Brigitte Hesshaimer, a Munich hat maker. In 1998 A.
Scott Berg authored "Lindbergh." Earlier Lindbergh's daughter
authored her memoir "Under a Wing."
(AP, 8/26/97)(SFEC, 11/15/98, Par p.29)(SSFC,
10/24/04, Par p.2)
1974 Aug 29, Moses Malone
became the first basketball player to go straight from high school
to the pros when he joined the Utah Stars.
(SFC, 7/7/96, Z1 p.5)
1974 Aug 30, The Telluride Film
Festival was started by Bill and Stella Pence, Tom Luddy and Jim
Card in the town of Telluride, Colorado.
1974 Aug 30, In Yugoslavia an
express train ran full speed into a Zagreb, Croatia, rail yard
1974 Aug 31, William P.
Benedict, was killed while dropping fire retardant in the Ukiah area
of California on the labor day weekend. In 1952 Lieutenant Colonel
Benedict and Lieutenant Colonel Joseph O. Fletcher of Oklahoma
piloted the 1st airplane to land at the geographic North Pole. In
2002 Charles B. Compton later authored "Born to Fly: Some Life
Sketches of Lieutenant Colonel William P. Benedict."
1974 Aug, The CIA in Project
Azorian recovered part of a Soviet submarine that had sunk in the
Pacific on March 8, 1968. A 100 foot section of K-129 was pulled in
by the Hughes Glomar Explorer with 2 nuclear tipped torpedoes and
the bodies of 6 Russian sailors. The US Navy’s fully
submersible dry dock, called the Hughes Mining Barge, was used under
the Glomar Explorer to position a claw to recover the submarine.
Claude Barnes Capehart worked on the Howard Hughes’ deep-sea
research vessel, Glomar Explorer, that under CIA sponsorship raised
part of the Soviet submarine. Later in Chowchilla, Ca., he told his
girlfriend that he was in Texas when Kennedy was assassinated, and
that "Oswald wasn’t the only one involved." Just before a scheduled
interview in 1989, Capehart dropped dead of a heart attack. In 1996
the Glomar Explorer began under going remodeling for work as a
deep-sea drilling ship. The barge was later used to house the Navy’s
$195 million Sea Shadow, an experimental stealth ship made public in
1993. In 2006 the barge and Sea Shadow were put to rest in Suisun
Bay, near San Francisco.
(SFC, 7/15/96, p.A6)(WSJ, 2/24/09, p.A6)(AP,
1974 Aug, Monsoon floods
ravaged Bangladesh and some 2,500 were killed.
1974 Sep 1, Jack Shelley
(b.1905), former SF mayor (1964-1968), died.
1974 Sep 1, In the Netherlands
laws prohibiting pirate radio came into effect.
1974 Sep 2, Pres. Ford signed
the Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA), to protect
pension accounts. It was passed partly in response to Studebaker
employee pension losses in 1963. The US Pension Benefit Guaranty
Corporation (PBGC) was set up to insure the bulk of corporate
America’s pension plans. It was expanded to include 401(k) accounts
1974 Sep 4, The US & German
DR established diplomatic relations.
1974 Sep 4, General Creighton
Williams Abrams, US commander in Vietnam (1968-1972), died in
Washington DC of lung cancer. In 2005 the “Vietnam Chronicles:
The Abrams Tapes” transcribed and edited by Lewis Sorley was
(WSJ, 3/18/05, p.W6)
1974 Sep 5, Charles Dean (23),
brother of 2004 presidential candidate Howard Dean, was captured by
Pathet Lao. He was executed on or about December 14, 1974. In 2003
his remains were reported found along with Australian companion Neil
1974 Sep 7, The musical "Irene"
closed at Minskoff Theater NYC after 605 performances.
1974 Sep 8, President Gerald
Ford pardoned former President Richard M. Nixon for any crimes
arising from the Watergate scandal he may have committed while in
(AP, 9/8/97)(HN, 9/8/98)
1974 Sep 8, Evel Knievel
(b.1938) attempted to jump the Snake River Canyon in Idaho on his
rocket-powered motorcycle. He failed and parachuted down.
1974 Sep 8, In Italy Renato
Curcio and another Red Brigades leader were arrested.
(WSJ, 12/13/07, p.A18)
1974 Sep 9, in Boston,
Massachusetts, a group called Restore Our Alienated Rights
(R.O.A.R.) held a rally at City Hall Plaza a few days before the
start of school. When Senator Ted Kennedy took the stage to speak in
favor of busing, the crowd reacted in anger. Protests and violence
continued for three years.
1974 Sep 11, In North Carolina
an Eastern Airlines DC-9, Flight 212, crashed 3 miles from the
Douglas Municipal Airport. Of the 82 persons aboard the aircraft, 11
and two crewmembers survived the accident. One passenger died 3 days
after the crash, and another died 6 days after the crash. One
survivor died of injuries 29 days after the accident.
1974 Sep 12, The start of
court-ordered busing to achieve racial integration in Boston's
public schools was marred by violence in South Boston. The Boston
desegregation plan had been drafted by Robert Dentler (1928-2008)
and Marvin Scott of Boston Univ.
(AP, 9/12/99)(SFC, 4/8/08, p.B5)
1974 Sep 12, Haile Selassie I,
"King of Kings, Lord of Lords, and Conquering Lion of the Tribe of
Judah," was deposed by the military from the Ethiopian throne. A
military committee (known as the Dergue) was established from
several divisions of the Ethiopian Armed forces. General Aman Amdon
was elected as spokesperson for the Dergue and implemented policies
for the country, which included land distribution to peasants,
nationalizing industries and services under public ownership and led
Ethiopia into the Socialism.
1974 Sep 12, In its 1st major
attack ETA killed 12 people with a bomb at a Madrid cafe.
1974 Sep 13, The "Rockford
Files," starring James Garner, was first broadcast on NBC-TV. It
continued to 1980.
1974 Sep 13, In the Netherlands
the French embassy at the Hague was taken over by Haruo Wako and 2
other Japanese Red Army militants. A 4-day standoff ended with the
release of comrade Yutaka Suyaka from a French jail. The attack was
linked to Carlos the Jackal, aka Ilich Ramirez Sanchez. In 2005 a
Tokyo District Court sentenced Wako to life imprisonment.
p.C2)(SFC, 11/9/00, p.C2)
1974 Sep 16, President Ford
announced a conditional amnesty program for Vietnam War deserters
and draft-evaders. Limited amnesty was offered to Vietnam-era draft
resisters who would now swear allegiance to the United States and
perform two years of public service.
(AP, 9/16/97)(HN, 9/16/98)
1974 Sep 18, Hurricane Fifi
struck Honduras with 110 mph winds and killed about 8,000. The
hurricane made landfall as a Category 2 storm in Belize on the next
day, and continued through Guatemala and Mexico as a tropical
system. After weakening to a depression, Fifi emerged into the
Pacific Ocean, becoming the first crossover storm since Hurricane
Irene-Olivia in 1971.
1974 Sep 20, Gail A. Cobb (24),
a member of the Metropolitan Police Force of Washington, D.C.,
became the first female police officer to be killed in the line of
duty. Cobb was murdered by a robbery suspect in an underground
garage in downtown Washington.
1974 Sep 21, US Mariner 10 made
a 2nd fly-by of Mercury.
1974 Sep 21, Jacqueline Susann
(b.1918), author, died of cancer. Her books included "Valley of the
Dolls" (1966). In 1987 Barbara Seaman authored Susann's biography:
"Lovely Me." In 2000 the film "Isn't She Great" starred Bette Midler
1974 Sep 23, The 1959
Broadway show "Gypsy" reopened on Broadway with Angel Lansbury
(b.1925), following a 1973 run in London.
(SFEC, 12/8/96, Par
1974 Sep 23, Cliff Arquette
(b.1905), TV actor, died. He invented the character of Charley
Weaver for a 1959 appearance on Jack Paar’s “The Tonight Show,” and
in 1962 became a regular on “The Roy Rogers Show.”
1974 Sep 25, Scientists warned
that continued use of aerosol sprays will cause ozone depletion,
which will lead to an increased risk of skin cancer and global
1974 Sep 26, The NYT published
a front page article on the impact of the chlorofluorocarbon, used
in aerosols, on the ozone.
(AH, 10/04, p.14)
1974 Sep 28, First lady Betty
Ford underwent a mastectomy at Bethesda Naval Medical Center in
Maryland, following discovery of a cancerous lump in her breast.
1974 Sep 30, Argentina passed
the economic-subversion law that provided prosecutors with a legal
umbrella to pursue anyone suspected of undermining public disorder.
It was repealed in 2002 under IMF pressure.
1974 Sep 30, Gen. Carlo Prats,
a former Chilean army chief, was killed with his wife by a car bomb
in Buenos Aires. In 2000 an Argentine judge called for the
extradition of Augusto Pinochet for the slaying. In 2000 Enrique
Arancibia Clavel was sentenced in Argentina to life in prison for
his role in the murder.
(SFC, 10/28/00, p.A14)(SFC, 11/22/00, p.C6)
1974 Sep 30, In Portugal
Marshal de Spinola (1910-1996) resigned as head of state in protest
against rushed attempts to dismantle the colonial empire.
1974 Sep, In Pakistan the army
put down a tribal rebellion in Baluchistan, reportedly leaving about
3,000 dead. Some 15,000 Balochs fought the Pakistani Army and the
1974 Oct 1, Five Nixon
aides--Kenneth Parkinson, Robert Mardian, Nixon's Chief of Staff
H.R. Haldeman, John Ehrlichman, and U.S. Attorney General John
Mitchell-- went on trial for conspiring to hinder the Watergate
investigation. Ehrlichman was convicted in the Watergate cover-up
with Haldeman and Mitchell and for the break-in at the office of
Daniel Ellsberg. Ehrlichman served 18 months in federal prison.
(HN, 10/1/98)(SFC, 2/16/99, p.A18)
1974 Oct 2, Nancy Wilcox,
believed to have been a victim of the serial killer Ted Bundy
(d.1989), disappeared in Salt Lake City, Utah.
1974 Oct 2, Pele (b.1940),
Brazilian soccer player born as Edson Arantes do Nascimento, came
out of retirement to join the NY Cosmos of the North American Soccer
League. Steve Ross (1927-1992), chairman of Warner Brothers and
founder of the Cosmos, offered him a reported $7 million for a
3-year contract. In 2006 Gavin Newsham authored “Once in a Lifetime:
The Incredible Story of the New York Cosmos.”
1974 Oct 3, Frank Robinson was
named major-league baseball's first black manager as he was placed
in charge of the Cleveland Indians.
1974 Oct 4, Anne Sexton
(b.1928), American poet, committed suicide in Massachusetts. In 1991
Diane Middlebrook (1939-2007), authored “Anne Sexton: A Biography.”
1974 Oct 4, In Greece the New
Democracy party (ND), was founded. It became the main center-right
1974 Oct 5, Eugene McQuaid, a
Catholic civilian, was killed near a British army checkpoint on
Northern Ireland's border on the main Belfast-Dublin road. In 2006
the IRA leadership offered its sincere apologies to the McQuaid
family for the death of Eugene and for the heartache and trauma that
the IRA actions caused.
1974 Oct 5, An IRA bombing at a
pub in Guilford, near London, killed 5 people. Four people including
Gerry Conlon were convicted and sentenced to life in prison. In 1989
the so-called Guildford Four were freed after a top judge ruled that
police had fabricated hand-written interrogation notes used to
convict all four.
1974 Oct 5, in Chile
Miguel Enriquez (b.1944), physician and founder (1965) of the
Movimiento de Izquierda Revolucionaria (MIR), was shot dead by
Pinochet’s security forces.
1974 Oct 8, President Gerald
Ford's WIN (Whip Inflation Now) program was announced in response to
a high inflation rate. Consumer prices rose 12.2 percent in 1974.
The WIN program, introduced by Ford to a national television
audience, included tax and spending assistance to hard-pressed
industries, a five percent tax surcharge, reduced federal spending
and tight monetary policies. During 1974 unemployment jumped from 5
percent to more than 7 percent, interest rates climbed to 12
percent, the stock market fell 28 percent, automobile sales
collapsed. In 1974 real economic growth was negative 5 percent.
1974 Oct 8, The Franklin
National Bank, the 20th largest US bank, collapsed in obscure
circumstances. A Fed bailout pumped money into Franklin National
Bank, which was later merged into a large bank owned by six foreign
1974 Oct 9, Czech-born German
businessman Oskar Schindler, credited with saving about 1,200 Jews
during the Holocaust, died in Frankfurt, West Germany; at his
request, he was buried in Jerusalem. His wife Emilie died in 2001.
(AP, 10/9/99)(SSFC, 10/7/01, p.A29)
1974 Oct 13, Ed Sullivan (72),
longtime television, host died in New York City.
1974 Oct 15, Pres. Ford signed
legislation limiting campaign spending by political parties.
Congress amended the Federal Election Campaign Act (FECA) of 1971 to
set limits on contributions by individuals, political parties and
(SFC, 6/27/96, p.A3)(http://tinyurl.com/6zvcpc)
1974 Oct 15, Nobel prize for
chemistry was awarded to Paul J. Flory of Stanford Univ. for his
work on macro molecules.
1974 Oct 15, The National Guard
was mobilized to restore order in Boston school busing.
1974 Oct 24, David Oistrach
(b.1908), virtuoso Russian violinist, died of a heart attack in
1974 Oct 25, The US Air Force
fired its 1st ICBM. The Space and Missile Systems Organization
(SAMSO) successfully launched a Minuteman I from a C-5A cargo
1974 Oct 26, Mathieu Kerekou
(b.1933) seized power in Dahomey (later Benin) and ruled until 1991.
He was elected president in 1996 and served until 2006.
1974 Oct 27, "Don't Bother Me,
I Can't Cope" closed at the Edison Theater in NYC after 1065
1974 Oct 27, Chantal Langlace
of France ran a female world record marathon (2:46:24).
1974 Oct 28, A US law banned
discrimination of sex or marital status in credit application.
1974 Oct 28, Missionaries Mark
Fischer (19) of Milwaukee, Wis., and Gary Darley (20) of Simi
Valley, Calif., disappeared in Austin, Texas. Their bodies were
never found. Robert Elmer Kleasen, taxidermist, was convicted for
their murder and sentenced to death in 1975, but was released after
2 years due to a faulty search warrant. He moved to Britain and in
2001 was convicted again based on DNA evidence, but died in 2003
while awaiting possible extradition.
1974 Oct 30, The film "The
Texas Chainsaw Massacre" was released in Los Angeles. It was
narrated by John Larroquette and was first shown in San Francisco.
The film was based on the story of Edward Gein, a handyman in
Plainfield, Wis., who liked to dig up fresh graves, cut the skin off
corpses, wear the skin on his own body and dance in the moonlight.
He was picked up in this year and evidence showed that he'd
been collecting body parts for years. He had skulls on
bedposts, a human heart in a saucepan, and a lady out in his barn
dressed like a deer.
(SFC, 5/18/96, p.E-4)
1974 Oct 30, An Arab summit in
Rabat, Jordon, decided that King Hussein would no longer speak for
the Palestinians and named the PLO under Yasir Arafat as the sole,
1974 Oct 30, Muhammad Ali and
George Foreman held their "Rumble In the Jungle" boxing match in
Kinshasa, Zaire. Ali knocked out George Foreman in the eighth round
of a 15-round bout to regain his world heavyweight title, that was
taken from him for refusing military service.
(SFC, 2/10/97, p.E3)(WSJ, 2/14/97, p.A12)(AP,
1974 Oct 31, Suspected Bundy
victim Laura Aime disappeared in Utah.
1974 Oct, The Politburo in
North Vietnam decided to launch an invasion of South Vietnam in
1974 Nov 1, Yuko Shimizu,
Sanrio designer and creator of Hello Kitty, set Nov 1 as Hello
Kitty’s birthday and her parents as George and Mary White of London.
(SSFC, 12/26/04, p.M2)
1974 Nov 1, The UN General
Assembly unanimously passed the first of countless resolutions
calling all states to respect the sovereignty, independence,
territorial integrity and non-alignment of the Republic of Cyprus.
1974 Nov 5, The Eagles hit,
"Best of My Love", was released. It did not reach #1 spot until
March 1, 1975.
1974 Nov 5, The Republicans
lost 40 seats in the House and 4 in the Senate, widening the
Democratic majority in Congress during the mid-term elections.
1974 Nov 5, Ella T. Grasso was
elected governor of Connecticut, the first woman to win a
gubernatorial office without succeeding her husband.
1974 Nov 5, Walter Washington
(1915-2003) was elected mayor of Washington DC, the 1st black mayor
there in 104 years. He had been appointed mayor-commissioner in
1974 Nov 5, Jomo Kenyatta
(1894-1978), a Kikuyu, began his 3rd term as president of Kenya.
1974 Nov 7, Richard John
Bingham (39), the Seventh Earl of Lucan, disappeared after nanny
Sandra Rivett was battered to death in the family's home in London's
wealthy Belgravia district. Lady Lucan escaped with severe
head wounds. In 2001 Muriel spark authored "Aiding and Abetting," a
novel based on Lucan’s imagined reappearance. In 2003 former
policeman Duncan MacLaughlin claimed in the book, "Dead Lucky," that
Lucan lived in India under the name Barry Halpin in India from 1975
until his death in 1996.
(SSFC, 2/18/01, BR p.3)(AP, 9/8/03)
1974 Nov 8, Charges were
dropped against eight Ohio National Guardsmen for their role in the
deaths of four anti-war protestors at Kent State University. On
March 29 a federal grand jury had indicted 8 National Guardsmen for
the May 4, 1970 Kent State shootings.
1974 Nov 8, Singer Connie
Francis (b.1938) was raped in her hotel room after a concert at the
Westbury Music Fair on Long Island, NY.
(SFC, 9/1/96, Par.
1974 Nov 8, Debi Kent
disappeared in Salt Lake City, Utah. She was later identified as
another victim of Theodore “Ted” Bundy (1946-1989), the Green River
Murderer, who would be officially convicted of killing 36 women and
executed on January 24, 1989, in Florida.
1974 Nov 11, Burton Richter and
Samuel Ting found reported evidence for a fourth quark.
(NG, May 1985, J. Boslough, p.
1974 Nov 12, South Africa was
suspended from UN General Assembly over racial policies.
1974 Nov 13, Karen Silkwood, a
technician and union activist at the Kerr-McGee Cimarron plutonium
plant near Crescent, Okla., was killed in a car crash while on her
way to meet a reporter.
1974 Nov 13, In Amityville, NY,
6 members of the DeFeo family were shot and killed in their home.
Ronald DeFeo Jr., the oldest son, was convicted of the murders. A
year later George Lutz (1947-2006) and his family moved into the
Long Island house at 112 Ocean Ave. and stayed for 28 days before
being driven out by the alleged spirits of the DeFeos. In 1977 Jay
Anson authored “The Amityville Horror.” In 1979 the book was turned
into a movie, which was remade in 2005. In 1979 Austrian-born
paranormal investigator Hans Holzer (d.2009 at 89) authored “Murder
in Amityville,” which formed the basis for the 1982 film “Amityville
II: The Possession.” In 1977 Holzer and medium Ethel Johnson-Myers
allegedly channeled the spirit of a Shinnecock Indian chief, who
said the house stood on an ancient Indian burial ground.
p.B6)(www.warrens.net/amityvill.htm)(SFC, 5/2/09, p.B4)
1974 Nov 13, Vittorio de Sica
(b.1902), Italian film actor and director, died in France.
1974 Nov 13, Yasser Arafat
addressed the UN General Assembly on behalf of Palestine.
(SFC, 11/11/04, p.A18)
1974 Nov 15, The 15th String
Quartet by Dmitri Shostakovitch (1906-1975) premiered in Leningrad.
1974 Nov 16, In Rome the first
UN World Food Conference ended. At the conference, which had opened
on Nov. 5, governments examined the global problem of food
production and consumption, and solemnly proclaimed that "every man,
woman and child has the inalienable right to be free from hunger and
malnutrition in order to develop their physical and mental
1974 Nov 16, Walther Meissner
(b.1882), German physicist (Meissner Effect), died.
1974 Nov 20, The US Dept. of
Justice filed an antitrust suit to break up ATT.
1974 Nov 21, The Freedom of
Information Act was passed by Congress over Pres. Ford's veto.
1974 Nov 22, UN General
Assembly recognized Palestine's right to sovereignty and national
(SFC, 2/8/99, p.A6)(http://tinyurl.com/52x3eg)
1974 Nov 23-1974 Nov 24, US
Pres. Gerald Ford attended a summit in Vladivostok, USSR, with
Soviet Pres. Brezhnev. They reached a tentative agreement to limit
the number of nuclear weapons.
(SFC, 12/27/06, p.A11)
1974 Nov 23, Cornelius Ryan
(b.1920), war reporter, historian, author, died. His books included
"A Bridge Too Far."
1974 Nov 23, In Ethiopia
60 government officials were executed.
1974 Nov 25, Irish Republican
Army was outlawed in Britain following deaths of 21. IRA bombs in
British pubs killed 28 and wounded over 200 in the last 2 months.
1974 Nov 25, Nick Drake
(b.1948), English musician and composer, died from an overdose of
prescription drugs. His albums included "Five Leaves Left" (1969),
"Bryter Layter," and "Pink Moon" (1971). Paul Humphries in 1997
authored the biography "Nick Drake: A Biography."
1974 Nov 25, U Thant (b.1909),
Burmese diplomat and former UN Secretary-General, died in New York
at age 65.
1974 Nov 28, John Lennon
(1940-1980) made what would become his last concert appearance at an
Elton John concert at New York's Madison Square Garden. Lennon
joined Elton John to sing "Whatever Gets You Through the Night",
"Lucy In The Sky With Diamonds", as well as "I Saw Her Standing
There". Backstage, Lennon has a brief reunion with Yoko Ono, from
whom he'd been separated for over a year.
1974 Nov 28, Konstantin
Melnikov (b.1890), Russian architect, died. His Melnikov House in
Moscow was built from 1927-1931 with fees from commissions.
1974 Nov 29, Haroldson L. Hunt
(b.1889), Texas oil man and multi-millionaire, died.
1974 Nov 30, "Good Evening"
with Dudley Moore and Peter Cook closed at the Lunt-Fontanne Theater
in NYC after 438 performances.
1974 Nov 30, India and Pakistan
in accordance with the Simla Agreement, signed a Protocol for Trade.
This Protocol ended a 10-year trade ban and expired in 1978.
1974 Nov, Jordanian women
gained the right to vote.
1974 Dec 1, The L.A. Skid Row
slasher killed Charles Jackson (46), an alcoholic drifter. In 1975
police arrested Vaughn Greenwood, a black loner and homosexual, who
had drifted back and forth between Chicago and California. In 1977
Greenwood, who was indicted on 11 counts of murder, was convicted on
9 counts and sentenced to life in prison.
1974 Dec 2, Lucio Cabanas,
leader of a communist rebel group called the Party of the Poor, was
killed in a shootout with Mexican soldiers. In 2002 his remains were
found in a makeshift grave in Atoyac de Alvarez, a city outside a
major military base near the Pacific coast resort of Acapulco. Lino
Rosas Perez and Esteban Mesino Martinez were killed along with
Cabanas, in a gunbattle with authorities in the village of Otatal in
southern Guerrero state. Perez and Martinez were identified in 2006
using DNA evidence.
(AP, 8/13/02)(AP, 11/15/06)
1974 Dec 4, Pioneer II made its
closest approach to Jupiter.
1974 Dec 5, The TV show "Monty
Python's Flying Circus" was last shown on BBC. It had premiered on
Oct 5, 1969.
1974 Dec 8, The Greek monarchy
was rejected by referendum. Constantine Karamanlis organized a
referendum that abolished the monarchy.
1974 Dec 10, Ed Wood (b.1924),
credited as the worst filmmaker of all time, died a penniless drunk.
His films included "Jail Bait," "Plan 9 From Outer Space," "Bride of
the Monster," "Glen or Glenda?" and "Night of the Ghouls." His 1948
"Crossroads of Loredo" was unreleased. In 1996 a documentary by
Brett Thompson was released titled "The Haunted World of Edward D.
1974 Dec 11, In Chile General
Augusto Pinochet took the title of president of the republic.
(SFC, 12/11/06, p.A4)
1974 Dec 16, The US Safe
Drinking Water Act was passed.
1974 Dec 18, The Broadway
production "Of Mice and Men" opened. It starred James Earl Jones and
featured Joe Seneca (d.1996). The first stage production was in
1974 Dec 18, In Greece Michalis
Stasinopoulos (d.2002), legal scholar, was elected president 10 days
following the referendum that abolished the monarchy.
(AP, 11/1/02)(SFC, 11/2/02, p.A22)
1974 Dec 19, Nelson A.
Rockefeller was sworn in as the 41st vice president of the United
States after a House vote.
(AP, 12/19/97)(HN, 12/19/98)
1974 Dec 19, Former Pres.
Nixon's presidential papers were seized by an act of Congress. A
court later ruled that much of the material belonged to Nixon and
that he deserved compensation. In 1998 there was still no settlement
(WSJ, 11/27/98, p.W10)
1974 Dec 20, In Northern
Ireland a temporary cease fire was established.
(SFC, 6/18/96, p.A8)
1974 Dec 23, Faidon (Phaedon)
Gizikis (1917-1999), Greek Gen'l. and former president (1973-1974),
resigned and retired from the army.
1974 Dec 24, An oil spill
polluted 1,600 square miles of scenic Inland Sea in Japan.
1974 Dec 25, The category 4
Cyclone Tracy reduced 90% of Darwin, Australia, to rubble. 65 people
died including 49 in the city and 16 at sea.
1974 Dec 26, Comedian Jack
Benny (b.1894) died in Los Angeles at age 80.
1974 Dec 27, Amy Vanderbilt
(b.1908), American etiquette expert, died. "One face to the world,
another at home makes for misery." In 1952 she published the best
selling book Amy Vanderbilt's Complete Book of Etiquette.
1974 Dec 27, Ned Mandrell
(b.~1878), the last native speaker of Manx, died. The Goidelic
language, similar to Irish and Scots Gaelic, was once spoken on the
Isle of Man.
1974 Dec 28, The 6.0 Patan
earthquake in Pakistan killed some 5,300 people.
1974 Dec 31, US Congress
overrode Pres. Ford’s veto of the Freedom of Information
Act-strengthening amendments in the Privacy Act of 1974. It was
passed in the wake of the Watergate scandal. It allowed ordinary
citizens to hold the US government accountable by requesting public
documents and records.
1974 Dec 31, The Dow Jones
closed the year at 616.
(Econ, 10/18/08, p.86)
1974 Dec 31, Private US
citizens were allowed to buy and own gold for the first time in more
than 40 years.
1974 Dec, Thieves in San
Francisco stole the “Resting Hermes” statue from its pedestal on Nob
Hill. The University Club had purchased the statue, made by
Chiurazzi of Naples, from Italy in 1915 following the Panama Pacific
Expo. In 2004 it was stolen again.
(SFC, 8/24/04, p.A1)
1974 Dec, Allan Spear
(1937-2008), Minnesota state senator, announced that he was gay,
becoming only one of two openly gay legislators in the country.
(SFC, 10/14/08, p.B5)
1974 Dec, In Venezuela a
national commission created by President Perez delivered a proposal
for nationalization. This proposal formed the core of the 1975 law
that nationalized the oil industry. Pres. Carlos Andres Perez
nationalized the oil industry and the central bank.
1/05/00, p.A11)(Econ, 1/8/11, p.86)
1974 The New York Museum of
Modern Art instituted a permanent video program.
(WSJ, 12/2/96, p.A16)
1974 Antonio Henrique Amaral of
Brazil painted his "Battlefield," a phalanx of menacing forks with
shreds of banana.
(WSJ, 3/17/00, p.W12)
1974 Joseph Beuys (1921-1986),
German artist, created his performance piece: "I like America, and
America likes Me," in which he lived with a coyote in a New York
gallery for 5 days.
(SFEC, 8/31/97, BR p.8)
1974 Jasper Johns painted his
"Corpse and Mirror." In 1997 it sold for $8.3 million.
(WSJ, 11/25/97, p.A20)
1974 Sol LeWitt (b.1928),
pioneer of the Conceptual Art Movement, created his "Incomplete Open
(WSJ, 2/28/00, p.A38)
1974 Architects Doug Michels
(1943-2003) and Chip Lord, founders of the Ant Farm in SF, created
"Cadillac Ranch," a sculpture of 10 planted Cadillacs, in Amarillo,
(SSFC, 6/22/03, p.A1)
1974 Kent Twitchell painted the
20-foot high mural "The Old Woman of the Freeway" in Los Angeles. It
was painted over in the mid 80s and Twitchell worked to restore it
in the 90s.
(SFC, 1/25/99, p.A20)
1974 Cleveland Amory authored
"Man Kind," a seminal book on his work with animals.
(SFC, 10/16/98, p.D4)
1974 Doubleday published the
1st edition of "Jaws" by Peter Benchley (1940-2006). In 1975 Steven
Spielberg turned it into a movie.
1974 Raoul Berger (d.2000 at
99), constitutional scholar, authored "Executive Privilege," which
helped undermine Nixon's claims for executive privilege. Executive
privilege 1st gained recognition with a 1974 Supreme Court ruling
that endorsed a president's right to keep internal office
(SFC, 9/27/00, p.A25)(SFC, 1/30/02, p.A10)
1974 Woodward and Bernstein
wrote "All the President's Men." A film based on the book was made
in 1976. In 2003 Woodward and Bernstein sold their Watergate
research papers to the Univ. of Texas for $5 million.
(SFC, 12/30/99, p.E3)(WSJ, 4/18/03, p.W13)
1974 Michael R. Best and Frank
H. Brightman edited "The Book of Secrets of Albertus Magnus," which
contained a recipe for Greek Fire.
(AM, May/Jun 97 p.10)
1974 Heinrich Boll authored
“The Lost Honor of Katharina Blum.”
(Econ, 6/9/07, p.97)
1974 Steward Brand published
"II Cybernetic Frontiers."
(Wired, 5/97, p.101)
1974 Britannica under editor
Warren Preece (d.2007) published its 15th edition (Britannica 3),
which featured three parts: the Propaedia, the Micropaedia, and the
(SFC, 4/17/07, p.D7)
1974 Leo Buscaglia (d.1998 at
74), published his book "The Way of the Bull."
(SFC, 6/13/98, p.A21)
1974 Robert A. Caro authored
"The Power Broker: Robert Moses and the Fall of New York." Robert
Moses (1888-1981), master builder, had shaped New York City from
(WSJ, 5/1/02, p.D7)(SSFC, 5/5/02, p.M2)
1974 British novelist John le
Carre authored his cold war thriller “Tinker, Taylor, Soldier, Spy.”
In 1979 it was adopted by the BBC for television.
1974 John Fell (d.2008 at 81),
jazz historian and film professor at SF State Univ., authored “Film
and the Narrative Tradition.”
(SSFC, 11/2/08, p.B3)
1974 Victor Fuchs of Stanford
authored “Who Shall Live,” an examination of the American health
(Econ, 7/17/04, Survey p.9)
1974 Emily Hahn (1905-1997)
wrote: "Once Upon a Pedestal: An Informal History of Women's Lib."
(SFC, 2/19/96, p.A20)
1974 Prof. Charles M. Hardin
(1908-1997) wrote "Presidential Power and Accountability."
(SFC, 7/4/97, p.E2)
1974 Molly Haskell (b.1939)
authored “From Reverence to Rape: the Treatment of women in the
1974 Ken Kesey began a literary
journal titled "Spit in the Ocean." 6 of 7 issues were published by
(SSFC, 11/30/03, p.E7)
1974 Stephen Koch authored
“Stargazer,” a study of Andy Warhol as a filmmaker.
(SFC, 9/20/06, p.E5)
1974 Peter Maas (d.2001 at 72)
published his book "King of the Gypsies." It highlighted the
Tene-Bimbo Gypsy clan in New York City.
(SFC,11/6/97, p.A21)(SFC, 8/24/01, p.D7)
1974 Anica Vesel Mander
(d.2002), Yugoslavian-born prof. of Women's Studies, authored
"Feminism as Therapy."
(SFC, 6/22/02, p.A18)
1974 James Michener published
1974 Robert Nozick (d.2002 at
63), Harvard philosopher, authored "Anarchy, State and Utopia" in
which he attacked forms of paternalistic government.
(SFC, 1/25/02, p.A32)
1974 John Paterson (d.2002), UC
Berkeley professor, authored "The Novel as Faith: The Gospel
According to James, Hardy, Conrad, Joyce, Lawrence and Virginia
(SFC, 4/19/02, p.A27)
1974 Dr. John Weir Perry
(d.1998 at 84), psychiatrist, published "The Far Side of Madness."
He believed that psychotic states could lead to a higher state of
(SFC, 11/3/98, p.C2)
1974 Robert Pirsig published
"Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance." "The real cycle you're
working on is a cycle called yourself."
(SFEC, 1/3/99, BR p.4)
1974 Jeraldine Saunders, cruise
ship director, authored “Love Boats.” This sparked the 1977 TV show
“The Love Boat.”
1974 Robert Stone (1937-2015)
authored “Dog Soldiers.” It won the 1975 National book Award and was
adopted for the film “Who’ll Stop the Rain” (1978).
(SFC, 1/12/15, p.A6)
1974 Patricia Nell Warren
published the groundbreaking gay novel "The Front Runner." It was
about a gay track coach who falls in love with his star runner.
(SFC, 1/7/98, p.E3)
1974 Eleanor Cameron
(1912-1996) received the National Book Award for "The Court of the
Stone Children." She wrote 17 books for children and one novel, "The
Unheard Music," and 2 collections of criticism on children's
(SFEC, 10/13/96, p.B6)
1974 The book "Palinuro of
Mexico" by Fernando del Paso (b.1935) won the Premio de Mexico in
manuscript form but was not published in Mexico until 1980. The 1st
edition was published in Spain in 1977.
(SFEC, 10/6/96, BR
1974 The National Book Critics
Circle was founded.
(SFC, 3/12/02, p.A2)
1974 The first high school
swing choir invitational competition was held at Bishop Luers High
School in Fort Wayne, Ind. The Marion High School's (Indiana) "The
26th Street Singers," under the direction of teacher F. Ritchie
Walton, introduced a new brand of song and dance at the competition
and took home the competition trophy.
(SSFC, 10/3/10, Par
1974 Ron Link (d.1999 at 58)
produced the off-Broadway play "Women Behind Bars" with author Tom
Eyen. The prison spoof play ran for over a year at the Astor Place
theater in NYC.
(SFC, 6/14/99, p.A24)
1974 Sam Shepard wrote his
plays "Action" and "Killer's Head."
(WSJ, 2/14/97, p.A12)
1974 Neil Simon wrote his play
"God's Favorite," a dark comedy based on the Book of Job.
(SFEC, 9/29/96, BR p.5)(SFC, 10/11/96, p.C5)
1974 TV Commercials for Heinz
ketchup used Carly Simon’s song “Anticipation.”
(WSJ, 6/9/06, p.A11)
1974 "The Six Million Dollar
Man" ran as a TV series with Lee Majors. It was based on the book
Cyborg by Martin Caidin (d.1997 at 69). The series continued to
1974 The TV series "Get
Christie Love" starred Teresa Graves (d.2002 at 54) and lasted one
season. Graves played the 1st black woman hired by a big-city police
(SFC, 10/12/02, p.A19)
1974 The NBC TV daily game show
"Name That Tune" was hosted by Dennis James (1917-1997) up to 1975.
A weekly version was hosted by Tom Kennedy.
1974 The TV game show "Name
That Tune" was hosted by Dennis James (d.1997) up to 1975.
(SFC, 6/5/97, p.A26)
1974 The TV "Donny and Marie
Show" featured Donny and 14-year-old Marie Osmond. Their recorded
songs included: "Make the World Go Away," "I'm Leaving it All Up to
You," and "Deep Purple."
(WSJ, 2/19/98, p.A20)
1974 Garrison Keillor began his
Prairie Home Companion radio show in St. Paul. The show ended in
1987 and resumed in New York in 1989. It returned to Minnesota in
(SFEC, 8/16/98, DB p.13)
1974 Joe Cocker made a hit with
the song “You Are So Beautiful,” written by keyboardist Billy
(SFC, 6/7/06, p.B11)
1974 Bob Dylan released his
album "Blood on the Tracks." In 2004 Andy Gill and Kevin Odegard
authored "A Simple Twist of Fate: Bob Dylan and the Making of "Blood
on the Tracks."
(SSFC, 3/21/04, p.M4)
1974 Stan Getz, tenor sax, and
the Bill Evans Trio with Eddie Gomez on bass and Marty Morell on
drums recorded 2 sessions. A CD was re-issued in 1996 titled "But
(SFEM, 7/21/96, p.4)
1974 Waylon Jennings
(1937-2002) released his “The Ramblin’ Man” album, which included
his song "Amanda."
1974 Billy Joel broke into the
charts with his song "Piano Man."
(USAT, 3/24/99, p.5E)
1974 Joni Mitchell released her
album "Court and Spark."
(SFEM, 11/1/98, p.6)
1974 Mocedades made a hit with
(SFC, 11/30/02, p.D1)
1974 Wayne Shorter recorded his
"Native Dancer" album that featured Herbie Hancock and introduced
the Brazilian singer Milton Nascimento.
(SFEC, 8/31/97, DB p.35)
1974 John Whelan, button
accordionist, recorded his first solo album in England: "Pride of
(WSJ, 3/17/97, p.A16)
1974 The German group Kraftwork
(SFEC, 1/3/99, DB p.28)
1974 Greg Shaw (1949-2004),
pioneer of the independent record label, founded Bomp! Records to
release a single by the SF band the Flaming Groovies.
(SSFC, 10/24/04, p.B7)
1974 Jack Bogle founded the
mutually owned Vanguard group.
(Economist, 9/15/12, p.67)
1974 The Bellefonte nuclear
power plant was begun by the TVA in Hollywood, Ala. Construction was
halted in 1988 amid soaring costs.
(WSJ, 7/18/01, p.B1)
1974 Connecticut founded the
first hospice in the US.
1974 Cornell Capa (1918-2008),
photojournalist and author of “The Concerned Photographer” (1968),
founded the International Center of Photography in NYC.
(SFC, 5/24/08, p.B5)
1974 Mort Walker, creator of
the Beetle Bailey cartoon character, opened the National Cartoon
Museum in Greenwich, Conn. The museum moved a few times before
closing in 2002. In 2008 Ohio State Univ. received the collection
and planned to make it available for all to see.
(WSJ, 7/16/08, p.A14)
1974 The J. Paul Getty Museum
was established in Malibu, Ca., by the billionaire oilman. It was
designed by Robert E. Langdon Jr. (d.2004) and Ernest C. Wilson Jr.
(WSJ, 1/30/97, p.A14)(SFC, 8/26/04, p.B6)
1974 The Federal Correctional
Institution in Dublin, Ca., was built.
(SFC, 6/16/98, p.A15)
1974 James Wishard Robertson
(d.2001 at 66) and his wife Carolyn founded the Yolla Bolly Press in
(SFC, 12/22/01, p.A28)
1974 The Hirshborn Museum and
Sculpture Garden in Washington opened.
(SFC, 12/30/99, p.E1)
1974 The South course for golf
at Kaanapali on Maui was designed by Arthur Snyder.
(Hem, 4/96, p.42)
1974 In NYC a 40-story building
at 130 Liberty Street, named 1 Bankers Trust Plaza, was completed.
In 2001 it received a 15-story gash in its façade when the South
Tower of the World Trade Center fell in the Sep 11 attack. In
2004 the building was slated for demolition, a process that
continued into 2007.
(WSJ, 5/23/07, p.A1)
1974 In New York the Solow
Building was completed. The 50-floor building was designed by
architects Skidmore, Owings & Merrill.
1974 Jennie Farley and other
women at Cornell Univ. began to first use the term "sexual
(WSJ, 6/27/96, p.A19)
1974 In San Francisco the
Shanti project was founded to treat residents suffering from
terminal illnesses. In 1981 the program was expanded to include
(SFC, 7/9/96, p.A17)
1974 In SF the American
Conservatory Theater (ACT) purchased the Geary Theater. In 2006 it
renamed it as the American Conservatory Theater. The ACT had been
founded by William Ball in 1965 in Pittsburgh. It moved west and
settled in at the Geary Theater in SF in 1967.
(SFEC, 3/8/98, p.W29)(SFC, 9/15/06,
1974 Curtis E. Green (d.2002)
took over as head of MUNI, the 1st African American to head a major
US transit system. He retired in 1982.
(SFC, 7/31/02, p.A20)
1974 The US Navy abruptly
closed its shipyard at Hunters Point in SF. In 1989 the EPA named it
one of the ten most polluted federal properties.
(SFC, 4/8/05, p.F2)
1974 Nieman Marcus, a
Texas-based retailer, acquired the City of Paris department store on
Geary St. facing Union Square in SF. In 1980 the California Supreme
Court denied an appeal by preservationists to save the building.
(SSFC, 7/21/02, p.F2)
1974 Norma Wahl acquired the
lease for the Mission Rock Resort at 817 China Basin. They lost the
lease after 22 years of operation. [see Jan 1, 1988]
1974 California State College,
SF, was renamed to SF State Univ.
(SFEC, 3/21/99, Z1 p.4)
1974 Amateur and professional
archeologists met in New Mexico and created the American Rock Art
Research Assoc. (ARARA) for the study and conservation of rock art.
(PacDis, Summer '97, p.12)
1974 Gary Gygax (1938-2008) and
David Arneson (d.2009 at 61), having founded Tactical Studies Rules
(TSR), published Dungeons & Dragons, a role-playing game. Gygax
and Don Kaye had founded Tactical Studies Rules (TSR), a publishing
firm in 1973. In 1997 TSR was sold to Wizards of the Coast.
p.102)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gary_Gygax)(SFC, 4/11/09, p.B3)
1974 Diane DiPrima joined
Chogyam Trungpa, Allen Ginsberg, and others to found the Naropa
Institute, a non-profit liberal arts college, in Boulder, Colo.
(SFC, 5/26/96, Z1
1974 Oakland, Ca., held the
first annual Black Cowboys Parade, the only one of its kind in the
(SFEC, 9/20/98, Z1 p.6)
1974 This year's edition of the
"Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders" (DSM), 1st
published in 1952, removed homosexuality from its list of disorders.
(WSJ, 12/3/96, p.A1)(SFC, 12/18/03, p.A25)
1974 The Human Family and
Educational Cultural Institute established its Humanitas Prize in
recognition of film and TV scripts the illuminate life and foster
1974 The National Action
Council for Minorities in Engineering was founded.
(WSJ, 7/8/96, p.A1)
1974 Rudi Gernreich, Austrian
engineer, introduced the first "thong bikini."
1974 Friedrich August von Hayek
(1899-1992) of the UK and Gunnar Myrdal (1898-1987) of Sweden shared
the Nobel Prize for Economics Science. Hayek was later awarded the
Presidential Medal of Freedom by Pres. George Bush.
1974 Albert Claude (1899-1983),
Belgium-born biologist, won the Nobel for his work on the
sub-structure of the cell. He shared the Nobel Prize for Physiology
or Medicine with Christian de Duve (1917-2013) and George E. Palade,
for describing the structure and function of organelles (lysosomes
and peroxisomes) in biological cells.
1974 Eisaku Sato (b.1901),
premier of Japan, and Ireland’s Sean MacBride, president of the
Int’l. Peace Bureau, won the Nobel Peace Prize.
1974 Eyvind Johnson and Harry
Martinson of Sweden shared the Nobel Prize in Literature.
1974 The US Air Force
established a requirement that flight recorders be installed on all
newly purchased aircraft.
(SFC, 4/4/96, p.A-17)
1974 Columnist Jack Anderson
blew the cover of CIA agent James Lilley, attached to the US
representative office in Beijing. In 2004 James and Jeffrey Lilley
authored “China Hands: Nine Decades of Adventure, Espionage and
Diplomacy in Asia.”
(WSJ, 5/6/04, p.D10)
1974 The US economy cooled,
prices climbed with much wealth transferred to the Arabs for oil.
(TMC, 1994, p.1974)
1974 The US government Witness
Security Program grew to $3.1 million for 647 people.
(SFC, 6/9/96, p.A-10)
1974 The FBI
counterintelligence program, known as Cointelpro, was directed
against Marxist and student-radical groups. Charles W. Bates (d.1999
at 79) led 8 full-time employees in the SF Bay Area and 22
informants worked the local campuses.
(SFC, 2/26/99, p.A25)
1974 The Jackson-Vanik
amendment, contained in Title IV of the 1974 Trade Act, authorized
the President to waive the restrictions for countries meeting
minimal emigration standards and to certify to Congress which
countries are in compliance with the provisions. It penalized
countries with non-market economies and restrictions on emigration.
Pres. Ford signed the legislation on January 3, 1975.
1974 US legislation created
employee stock-ownership plans (ESOPS). The concept of Employee
Stock Ownership Plans has been in the law since 1921 in the form of
Stock Bonus Plans.
1974 Shirley Temple was
appointed US ambassador to Ghana. She served to 1976.
(SFC, 1/26/06, p.E3)
1974 Joseph Phelps Vineyards in
California made the first American Syrah in the modern era.
(SSFC, 7/22/12, p.G7)
1974 Gov. Ronald Reagan
appointed Judge Frank K. Richardson (d.1999 at age 85) to the
California Supreme Court. Richardson retired in 1983. Regan served
as governor from 1966-1974. In 2003 Lou Cannon authored "Governor
(SFC, 10/7/99, p.C4)(WSJ, 10/7/03, p.D10)
1974 California state spending
under Gov. Reagan increased from $4.6 to $10.2 billion when he left
(SSFC, 6/6/04, A27)
1974 California enacted a
community property law.
(SFC, 12/27/99, p.A10)
1974 Janet Gray Hayes was
elected mayor of San Jose by 1,660 votes. She defeated Bart Collins,
a retired police detective.
(SFEC, 5/30/99, Z1 p.4)(SFC, 9/2/99, p.A12)
1974 Marjorie Downing Wagner
was named the 3rd president of Sonoma State Univ.
(SFC, 7/11/97, p.E2)
1974 SF Mayor Joseph Alioto
made another bid for governor of California but the campaign
stumbled under allegations that he paid no income tax from
1970-1972. He lost the Democratic primary to Jerry Brown. Also the
DA held that Alioto was in conflict of interest in arranging the
family purchase of the Pacific Far East Line, which owned $1.7
million in back rent to the city-owned port.
(SFC, 1/30/98, p.A10)
1974 Jerry Brown was elected
California state governor over Houston Flournoy.
1974 Jerry Brown as Sec. of
State wrote the Political Reform Act, which in part precluded public
officials from decisions in which they had a financial interest.
(SFC, 2/5/00, p.A19)
1974 Walnut Creek residents
voted to spend $6.75 million to acquire the bulk of Lime Ridge as
open space property. The land was acquired in 1975 and expanded in
(SFC, 12/1/97, p.A20)
1974 In San Francisco the
Anchor Steam beer company introduced Anchor Porter. It featured a
label by artist Jim Stitt, the first of many that he drew for the
(SFC, 11/21/09, p.E10)
1974 Gardner Kent, a resident
at the Star Mountain commune in Sonoma County, carted his family and
a number of strangers in a converted school bus across the US. This
marked the beginning of Green Tortoise Adventure Travel.
(SSFC, 8/22/04, p.D6)
1974 Ken Behring, a Florida
land developer, and his partners agreed to donate 2,052 acres near
Danville to the California state park system in exchange for the
right to build 2,400 homes that became the Blackhawk community. The
last 511-acre parcel was transferred in 1999. In 1975 Dan Van
Voorhis (1939-2005), East Bay attorney, and Sandy Skaggs formed a
new law firm to help develop the Blackhawk project.
(SFC, 5/14/99, p.A21)(SFC, 3/17/05, p.B7)
1974 Vintner Louis M. Martini
(79) died. His son, Louis P. Martini (d.1998), took over the
vineyards and developed Merlot wine.
(SFC, 9/22/98, p.E2)
1974 Harry Partch (b.1901),
California composer, instrument builder, philosopher and
multiculturalist, died. He held allegiance to just intonation and
the 43 tone scale. His collection of instruments was deeded in 1990
to NY-based Dean Drummond, the director of NEWBAND, an
organization based on Partch's work.
(SFEM, 9/5/99, p.11)
1974 In New Jersey Rev. S.
Howard Woodson Jr. (d.1999 at 83) became the first black speaker of
a state legislature.
(SFC, 8/7/99, p.A23)
1974 In Pennsylvania the
firefly was decreed as the official insect.
(SFC, 11/30/96, p.B5)
1974 Betty Hutton (1921-2007),
former Hollywood film star underwent a detox program in Rhode
Island. Under the guidance of Father Peter McGuire she finished her
high school education and later became a faculty member at Salve
Regina University in Newport, R.I., where she taught classes in TV
(SFC, 3/14/07, p.A2)
1974 Arthur Laffer drew his
“Laffer Curve” to illustrate how lower taxes can spur economic
growth leaving tax revenues undiminished.
(Econ, 8/20/05, p.22)
1974 Leslie C. Quick (d.2001 at
75) and Kevin Reilly founded Quick & Reilly, a brokerage firm.
The following year it became the 1st discount brokerage house. He
sold the operation to Fleet Financial in 1997 for $1.6 billion in
1974 Charles Schwab opened a
securities firm to take advantage of the 1975 rule change that ended
fixed commissions on stock trades.
(SFC, 12/28/99, p.D2)
1974 Irving Shapiro became the
CEO of DuPont.
(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R46)
1974 Foot Locker, a division of
Woolworth Stores, was first introduced to the retail marketplace.
1974 General Electric began a
joint venture with Snecma, a French state-owned enterprise, to
produce jet engines. Snecma was privatized in 2004.
(Econ, 5/5/07, p.79)
1974 GM began to offer the
first airbags in Buicks, Oldsmobiles and Cadillacs.
(F, 10/7/96, p.71)
1974 International Paper bought
General Crude Oil Co. for $489 mil. In 1979 the company sold General
Crude Oil's oil and natural gas operations to Gulf Oil Corporation
for $650 million.
1974 Mobil Oil gained control
of Montgomery Ward.
(SFC, 12/29/00, p.A12)
1974 Knight Newspapers Inc.
(Miami Herald) merged with Ridder Publications (Detroit Free Press).
Bernard Ridder Jr. (d.2002 at 85) led Ridder in the merger.
(SFC, 2/5/00, p.A19)(SFC, 10/11/02, p.A24)
1974 The McDonald's food
company founded the Ronald McDonald House program for families of
seriously ill children. By 1997 there were 180 houses in 14
(Hem., 1/97, p.36)
1974 Pepsi entered the market
of the Soviet Union.
(WSJ, 2/14/97, p.A9C)
1974 Harvard created Harvard
Management, a wholly owned subsidiary charged with managing the
school's entire investment portfolio.
(WSJ, 7/25/96, p.C1)
1974 Ted Nelson authored his
manifesto “Computer Lib / Dream Machines,” in which he announced
that computing should be available to all without complication or
human servility being required.
(SSFC, 4/23/05, p.B4)
1974 Intel Corp. introduced the
8080 microprocessor. It became the heart of the first microcomputer,
the 1975 MITS Altair.
(TAR, 1996, p.21)(WSJ, 11/16/98, p.R10)
1974 Intel's Israel Development
Center opened in the northern port city of Haifa. This was the
company's first design and development center outside the United
1974 Motorola helped launch the
smartcard market by building the first smartcard chip with Groupe
Bull of France.
(FT, 3/4/98, p.21)
1974 Jerome Lemelson
(1923-1997) licensed patents for his audio cassette drive mechanism
to Sony Corp of Japan. Sony was founded after the war by Masaru
Ibuka (d.1997 at 89), Akio Morita and others as a radio shop that
was later renamed Sony.
1974 Richard J. Mercer
(1924-2006), advertising executive, helped create the Burger King
“Have it your way” ad campaign. Mercer also wrote the phrase.
(WSJ, 1/6/07, p.A4)
1974 Hungarian professor Erno
Rubik designed the Rubik's Cube. Sales peaked at 100 million in
1980. Some 250 million units were sold worldwide.
(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R34)(SFC, 8/8/03, p.D1)
1974 Tandem Computers was
1974 Taser, a voltage emitting
handgun, was created. In 2004 the handheld device fired 2 probes up
21 feet with a peak load of 50,000 volts. Jack Cover (d.2009 at 88),
a NASA researcher, began developing the Taser in 1969 to combat
hijackings and riots. The initial name, TSER, came from the 1911
book “Tom Swift and His Electric Rifle.” The additional “a” in the
name was added later. The Los Angeles Police Dept. began using the
devices in 1980.
p.2A)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taser)(SFC, 2/16/09, p.B3)
1974 Dr. Joachim Burhenne
(1926-1996) developed the Burhenne Technique for removing gallstones
through bile ducts. He practiced in SF from 1959-1977. He performed
the procedure on the Shah of Iran in 1979.
(SFC, 6/5/96, C5)
1974 Cesare Sirtori, a Milan
heart researcher, encountered a patient with a high cholesterol
level. In 1979 Sirtori found that the patient carried a mutant gene,
apolipoprotein A-1, a crucial component of HDL involved in clearing
LDL from the body. This led to a new drug in 2003 that seemed to
shrink arterial blockages.
(WSJ, 11/5/03, p.B3)(SFC, 11/5/03, p.A15)
1974 Tuberculosis was reported
to have been transmitted by an accidental needle stick.
(SFC, 4/13/98, p.A6)
1974 A US moratorium on genetic
research ended. It had been feared that such research would lead to
dangerous breeds of microbes.
(SFEC, 9/17/00, p.A16)
1974 The US National History
Day project began as a yearlong program for junior and senior high
school students. NHD started as a small contest in Cleveland.
Members of the history department at Case Western Reserve University
developed the initial idea for a history contest to make teaching
and learning history a fun and exciting experience.
1974 Joel Scherk and John
Schwarz published a paper in which they show that string theory
could describe the gravitational force if the tension in the string
were very high.
(BHT, Hawking, p.161)
1974 Ronald Aurel Lesea
(1940-2004), violinist and inventor, developed the 1st hand-held
translator. It turned 9 foreign languages into English. His
inventions also included the 1st call-forwarding device for a
(SFC, 12/6/04, p.B3)
1974 Steven Weinberg, Howard
Georgi, and Helen Quinn, all at Harvard Univ., proposed the grand
unification scheme (GUT) and made the first prediction for the
lifetime of the proton.
1974 Russell Hulse and Joseph
Taylor recorded an indirect sighting of gravitational waves when
they showed a pair of stars spiraling towards each other was
radiating energy in the form of gravitational waves at exactly the
same rate predicted by Einstein.
(Econ, 6/24/06, p.94)
1974 A large radio-wave
emitting structure was discovered in the galactic center of the
Milky Way, a region called the Sagittarius A complex. At its center
sits a massive black hole, Sagittarius A*, that controls the motions
of the stars in the innermost parsec of the Galaxy.
(NH, 6/03, p.53)(http://tinyurl.com/ol335c)
1974 William K. Hartmann of the
Planetary Science Inst. In Tucson, Arizona, presented research that
proposed that the moon was formed from the remnants of a giant
impact, wherein a planet about the size of Mars struck Earth.
Alastair G.W. Cameron (1915-2005) of Harvard worked independently on
the same idea.
(SFC, 10/31/05, p.B4)
1974 Dr. Donald C. Johanson and
an international team at Hadar, Ethiopia, discovered a female
skeleton in 3 million year old strata and name it Lucy. Subsequent
finds there and at Laetoli, Tanzania, led to the naming of a new
species: Australopithecus afarensis.
(NG, Nov. 1985, p. 564)
1974 America was producing 125
million tons of trash per year, 7% of it as throwaway bottles and
(Smith., 4/95, p.32)
1974 Libby Dam, a hydroelectric
facility in Montana run by the Army Corps of Engineers, was built to
serve power markets in the Pacific Northwest. When the dam went up
it stopped periodic flooding of Bonners Ferry, Idaho, and the high
water flows that triggered local sturgeon to move upriver and spawn.
1974 The Chatooga River between
South Carolina and Georgia was designated a National Wild and Scenic
River. It carves through the Chattahoochee and Sumter National
Forest and was made famous in the 1972 movie "Deliverance."
(Hem, 8/96, p.33)(SFC,1/21/97, p.A20)
1974 Peter Bird and Derek King
rowed 4,300 miles for 106 days east-to-west across the Atlantic from
Gibraltar to the Caribbean island of Santa Lucia. The wrote of their
trip in: "Small Boat Against the Sea." In 1996 he was lost at sea
during an attempted crossing of the Pacific.
(SFC, 6/6/96, C1)
1974 The Nuclear Suppliers
Group (NSG), a multinational body concerned with reducing nuclear
proliferation by controlling the export and re-transfer of materials
that may be applicable to nuclear weapon development, was founded.
1974 Otis Kaye (b.1885),
Michigan born artist, died. He was an American artist during the
early 20th century. He was known for trompe l'oeil paintings of US
currency, similar to the work of William Harnett before him. In 2009
a study of his 1937 work “D’JIA-VU? (Stock Market) was published
under the title “Déjà vu All Over Again: the Riddle of Otis Kaye’s
1974 In Australia the flooding
of Brisbane led authorities to build the Wivenhoe dam west of the
city in the hope of deterring another flood.
(Econ, 1/15/11, p.45)
1974 The Austria National
Gallery bought W. de Kooning's "Woman V" (1953) for $850,000.
1974 Rudolf Kirchschlaeger
(d.2000 at 85) began serving as president of Austria and continued
(SFC, 3/31/00, p.E5)
1974 Bangladesh experienced a
(Econ, 11/3/12, p.23)
1974 Bhutan opened up to
(WSJ, 1/25/00, p.A1)
1974 Hugo Banzer, military
dictator of Bolivia, prohibited all political activity.
(SFC, 5/6/02, p.B5)
1974 Brazil introduced the 1st
Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) in Curitiba.
(SSFC, 8/7/05, p.A11)
1974 In Brazil Rev. Frederick
Birten Morris of the United Methodist Church was arrested. During 16
days in captivity in an army barracks he was beaten and tortured
with electric shocks several times before being released and
deported. In 2008 Brazil’s Justice Ministry's Amnesty Commission
decided to compensate him 285,000 reals (US$154,000) plus a monthly
pension of 2,000 reals (US$1,080).
1974 In Brazil a meningitis
outbreak killed 4,000 people in a few weeks. 90 million people were
soon inoculated by a new vaccine created by the French Merieux
(SFC, 1/27/01, p.A24)
1974 England and France agreed
to build 16 Concorde airplanes.
(WSJ, 7/26/00, p.A26)
1974 British Labor Party
legislator John Stonehouse, a former communications minister who
also acted as an informant to the Czechs through the 1960s, faked a
suicide, leaving a bundle of his clothes on a beach in Miami. He was
discovered less than a month later hiding out in Melbourne,
Australia. Papers released in 2010 by the National Archives showed
that, after he had been exposed, Britain's government covered up his
activities as there was too little evidence to put him on trial.
1974 In Burma Sein Lwin headed
the army unit that suppressed demonstrations by students and
Buddhist monks in connection with the funeral of former U.N.
Secretary General U Thant.
1974 Ta Mok (1926-2006), a
Khmer Rouge senior advisor, cleansed Cambodia’s old royal city of
Oudong of its 30,000 residents and burned it to the ground.
(Econ, 8/5/06, p.77)
1974 The Royal Canadian Mounted
Police (RCMP) began recruiting women for the first time.
(Econ, 6/29/13, p.35)
1974 Oil was discovered in
(WSJ, 6/24/03, p.A9)
1974 In Chile the government
created a military intelligence agency that became a rogue elephant
responsible for many human abuses. It was disbanded by Gen'l.
Pinochet in 1978.
(WSJ, 10/30/98, p.A19)
1974 Ricardo Claro (1934-2008),
Chile’s ambassador at large, announced to the world, on behalf of
the Pinochet government, that Chile was once again open for
(WSJ, 11/8/08, p.A6)
1974 In China Wan Xizhe wrote
an anti-government petition and was sent to prison for 14 of the
next 19 years for his campaign for democracy and human rights.
(SFC, 4/5/99, p.A9)
1974 In China the Li Yi Zhe
manifesto attacked communist privileges and corruption.
(SFC, 11/26/01, p.A17)
1974 Mao launched the “Learn
from Dazhai” campaign. The Chinese agricultural settlement at Dazhai
was set up as a Communist utopia and peasants were encouraged to
(Arch, 9/00, p.37)
1974 In China an ancient
terracotta army created by Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor
(221-206BC) was discovered by a peasant digging a well. It
represented one of the greatest archaeological finds of modern
times, and was listed as a World Heritage Site in 1987.
Archeologists continued to unearth terracotta figurines from the
site into 2012.
1974 Deaths from cancer began
to escalate in the village of Dragon Range in the mountains of
Central China. Tests in 2000 showed high levels of lead and arsenic
from 4 factories in a nearby valley.
(SSFC, 11/11/01, p.F5)
1974 Cyprus was divided into
Greek and Turkish sectors with a UN no-man’s land in between.
Turkish troops had invaded the island after an Athens-based coup by
Greek Cypriots. 1,619 Greek Cypriots were said to be missing
following the July, 1974, Turkish invasion.
(SFC, 6/4/96, p.A11)(Econ, 3/13/10, p.64)
1974 Dr. Anastassios Simonidis
(d.2000 at 75) was made the honorary consul general of Cyprus.
(SFC, 6/27/00, p.A23)
1974 Antiquities smugglers
looted 13th century frescoes from the Ayios Themomianos church in
northern Cyprus following the Turkish invasion that split the island
into a Turkish-speaking north and a Greek-speaking south. Menil
Collection founder Dominique de Menil obtained the frescoes in 1983,
and struck an agreement with the Cyprus church to keep and exhibit
them in a purpose-built chapel in Houston. The Cyprus church granted
the museum a loan extension until Feb. 2012 in recognition of its
efforts to reassemble and restore the fragmented frescoes.
1974 In Czechoslovakia the
Plastic People of the Universe band secretly recorded its
first album: "Egon Bondy's Happy Hearts Club Banned."
(WSJ, 7/22/98, p.A12)(SFEC, 3/7/99, DB p.35)
1974 Soviet and Czech
technicians began carrying out what they called “chemical mining”
for uranium below the town of Straz pod Ralskem. By 1996 some 4.2
million tons of sulphuric acid and other toxic chemicals were pumped
in to leach out the uranium. In 2008 a cleanup firm estimated that
the site should be stabilized by 2035.
(Econ, 5/31/08, SR p.11)
1974 Nawal El Saadawi of Egypt
authored "God Dies by the Nile," a novel of daughters and wives
abused by men consumed with power.
(SFC, 4/14/03, p.D1)
1974 In France the economy
slowed following the Arab oil embargo and the policy of recruiting
foreign labor ended.
(NG, 5/93, p.110)
1974 In France the Int'l.
Energy Agency was formed in Paris to coordinate oil sharing. The US
led the formation of the IEA in order to stockpile oil and help
offset supply shortages.
(WSJ, 9/13/99, p.R4)(WSJ, 7/28/03, p.A8)
1974 The Suresnes Congress in
France handed power over the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party to
Felipe Gonzalez (b.1942), who became prime minister of Spain four
1974 In Greece Andreas Georgios
Papandreou founded the Panhellenic Socialist Movement (Pasok).
(SFC, 6/23/96, p.B6)(WSJ, 1/13/04, p.A15)
1974 Melina Mercouri, film
actress (Never On Sunday), gave up acting after she was elected to
the Greek Parliament as a socialist.
(SFC, 4/1/08, p.B7)
1974 In Guatemala Kjell Eugenio
Laugerud (1930-2009) was elected president and continued to 1978. He
was elected with the backing of the far-right National Liberation
Movement party in elections marred by violence and accusations of
1974 In Guyana a small group of
pioneers from the Peoples Temple moved to what would become
Jamestown after Jim Jones acquired a 25-year lease on 3,853 acres in
the Orinoco River basin.
(SFEC, 11/8/98, p.A18)
1974 Iceland completed its
first road around the island.
(Econ, 5/29/10, p.84)
1974 Sigurdur Hjartarson began
collecting penis memorabilia. In 1997 he opened his Icelandic
Phallological Museum in Reykjavik.
(SSFC, 10/19/03, p.C8)(Reuters, 5/16/08)
1974 In India the region of
Ladakh opened to the outside world.
1974 Hanan Porat (1944-2011)
founded the movement Gush Emunim, Hebrew for "the bloc of the
faithful" (1974), a messianic movement committed to settling land
Israel captured in the 1967 war.
1974 In Israel the Palestinian
Democratic Front took over a school in Maalot and 20 schoolchildren
(SFEC, 8/8/99, p.A22)
1974 Japan-based Nintendo
secured the Japanese distribution rights to the Magnavox Odyssey,
the world’s first games console.
(Econ, 12/1/12, p.73)
1974 Petronas, Malaysia’s
national oil firm, was given exclusive rights to the nation’s
hydrocarbons. Until this year all of Malaysia’s oil was pumped by
(Econ, 10/10/09, p.69)
1974 In Malaysia Anwar Ibrahim
was detained for 22 months for organizing political opposition
groups and for distributing a book by Dr. Mahathir Mohamed.
(WSJ, 10/30/98, p.A11)
1974 In Mexico the first hotel
in Cancun opened with 72 rooms.
(SFEC, 5/17/98, p.T10)
1974 In Mozambique the
Portuguese secret police (PIDE) ruled with an iron hand from its
headquarters in the Villa Algarve in Maputo.
(SFC, 10/14/97, p.A10)
1974 In Northern Ireland
Protestant loyalists and trade unionists stopped a power-sharing
plan backed by the British government by shutting down power
(SFC, 6/3/98, p.A12)
1974 The Pakistan People’s
Party under PM Zulfikar Ali Bhutto passed a constitutional amendment
to declare Ahmadis to be ‘non-Muslim’ through a constitutional
amendment. Ahmedis are followers of Ghulam Ahmed (d.1908), an Indian
1974 Palestinian terrorist Abu
Nidal split from the PLO and was sentenced to death in absentia.
(SFC, 8/25/98, p.A6)(SFC, 1/27/99, p.A7)
1974 Augusto Roa Bastos
(1917-2005), Paraguay writer, authored “Yo, el Supremo” (I, the
1974 In Poland an explosion
killed 34 miners at the Czechowice-Dziedzice in Silesia. This was
the country’s worst mining accident to date.
1974 The process of
decolonization in Portuguese Timor began, following the change of
government in Portugal in the wake of the Carnation Revolution.
1974 The Revolutionary Front
for an Independent East Timor (Fretilin) was established.
(SFC, 9/6/01, p.E4)
1974 Under pressure from
guerrilla groups Rhodesian PM Ian Smith released all black leaders
for peace talks, but the talks failed.
(SFC, 7/2/99, p.D6)
1974 In Senegal Abdoulaye Wade
founded the country's first opposition party.
1974 Sikkim lost its Buddhist
ruler and was annexed by India. This ended a 330 year dynasty.
(WSJ, 3/6/97, p.A1)
1974 Temasek (Malay for sea
town) was founded to hold Singapore’s investments in various
businesses. In 2004 it employed 170,000 people under Ho Ching and
controlled a fifth of the local stock market. In 2009 Charles
Goodyear was named to success Ho Ching, becoming the first foreigner
to lead the sovereign wealth fund.
(Econ, 8/14/04, p.65)(Econ, 2/14/09, p.86)
1974 A South Korean ship sank
off the southeast coast in stormy weather, killing 159 sailors and
coast guard personnel.
1974 In Sweden the giant
Kockums crane became the symbol of the city of Malmo. Its last use
in Malmö was in 1997, when it lifted the foundations of the high
pillars of the Oresund Bridge. It was dismantled and sent to South
Korea in 2002.
(Econ, 2/2/13, SR p.8)
1974 Sweden established a
parental leave program for new fathers. When state-subsidized
parental leave was introduced this year, women took nearly all of
the parental leave. Men would wash dishes and fold the laundry, but
child-rearing was considered a female domain. A milestone was
crossed in 1995 when the government started earmarking one month of
parental leave benefits for each parent. Seven years later it was
increased to two months. Then came the equality bonus that further
encouraged men to take daddy leave.
(Econ, 1/10/04, p.46)(AP, 10/23/11)
1974 A Spanish census was
conducted in Western Sahara.
(SFC, 4/24/98, p.A12)
1974 The documentary film
“General Idi Amin (A Self Portrait),” head of Uganda, was produced
by Barbet Schroeder.
(WSJ, 9/29/06, p.W4)
1974 UNESCO named Herat as one
of the first cities to be designated as a part of the worlds
1974 Venezuela set up a fund
for the future (El Fondo de Inversiones) to help spread its wealth
to future generations, but soon began to raid the kitty.
(Econ, 12/24/05, p.46)
1974 In Yugoslavia under Tito a
decentralized federal system allowed the Kosovo region to develop
its own security, judiciary, defense, foreign relations and social
control. Mahmut Bakalli drafted a constitution that gave the region
a status equivalent in most respects to the other republics of
(SFC, 3/3/98, p.A8)(SFC, 11/11/98, p.A16)(www,
Albania, 1998) (SFC, 3/27/99, p.A13)
1974-1978 The average value of a California home
rose from $34,000 to $85,000.
(SFC, 5/20/98, p.A10)
1974-1978 In Chile the Villa Grimaldi, a 19th
century estate outside of Santiago, was used by the National
Intelligence Directorate (DINA) under Gen'l. Manuel Contreras as
clandestine detention center. Some 5,000 political prisoners passed
through and many suffered inside torture chambers and closet-sized
cells near the stables. The main house was used as an administrative
center and casino for officers.
(SFC, 7/15/97, p.A12)
1974-1983 A series of bomb attacks and robberies
in the US by members of the FALN left 6 people dead and scores
injured. 16 separatists who were later arrested for the attacks were
granted clemency by Pres. Clinton in 1999.
(USAT, 9/17/99, p.1A)
1974-1990 In 1996 a 5-year Chilean government
investigation found that the 16-year dictatorship of General
Pinochet killed 3,197 civilians for political reasons. This included
1,102 people who disappeared after being arrested by his security
forces. In 2000 a retired air force colonel charged that 500
political dissidents were slain by security forces, and that their
bodies were weighted down and tossed into the sea.
(SFC, 8/23/96, p.A20)(SFC, 1/21/98, p.C12)(SFEC,
2/1/98, p.A11) (SFC, 8/4/00, p.D4)
1974-1991 The regime of Col. Mengistu Haile Mariam