1974 Jan 1, The US government Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program, established by Congress in 1972, began providing new benefits for the aged, blind and disabled.
(SFEC, 1/5/97, Z1 p.5)(www.ssa.gov/OP_Home/cfr20/416/416-0110.htm)
1974 Jan 1 In Britain a 3-day work week went into effect following a power shortage caused by striking miners.
(Econ, 4/3/10, p.59)(http://tinyurl.com/y76xjwe)
1974 Jan 1, Nawab Akbar Shahbaz Khan Bugti (1927-2006), governor of Balochistan, Pakistan, resigned shortly after Bhutto launched an army operation in Balochistan. The army had deployed 100,000 men in Baluchistan and with the help of the Iranian air force killed large numbers of Baluchis.
1974 Jan 2, President Nixon signed legislation requiring states to limit highway speeds to 55 mph. Federal speed limits were abolished in 1995. The legislation was conceived by Claude Brinegar (1926-2009), Nixon’s secretary of transportation.
(AP, 1/2/98)(http://tinyurl.com/45ywak)(SFC, 3/18/09, p.B6)
1974 Jan 2, Coleman Young (1918-1997) was inaugurated as mayor of Detroit. In 1973 he narrowly defeated Police Commissioner John F. Nichols, who would later become Oakland County Sheriff, to become Detroit's first African American mayor. Young won the four subsequent terms by very wide margins and continued in office until December, 1993.
(WSJ, 5/28/98, p.A20)(www.biographybase.com/biography/Young_Coleman.html)
1974 Jan 3, Following eight years of inactivity, Bob Dylan and The Band began his 2-month concert tour in Chicago, IL. The tour was recorded and later released as a double-LP set titled, “Before the Flood.”
1974 Jan 4, President Nixon refused to hand over tape recordings and documents subpoenaed by the Senate Watergate Committee.
1974 Jan 6, David Alfaro Siqueiros (b.1896), Mexican artist (muralist), died. His work included the 1933 mural "Ejercicio Plastico" (Plastic Exercise), completed in Argentina at the home of newspaper magnate Natalio Botana (d.1941). In 1994 the 650-square-foot work fell into a legal limbo.
(SFC, 2/13/99, p.A24)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_Alfaro_Siqueiros)
1974 Jan 9, Cambodian Government troops opened a drive to avert insurgent attack on Phnom Penh.
1974 Jan 10, An Advisory Panel on White House Tapes determined that an 18-m gap in Watergate tape was due to erasure and of no consequence.
1974 Jan 15, "Happy Days" began an 11 year run on ABC.
1974 Jan 15, In Wichita, Kansas, 4 members of the Otero family were found murdered. Their murder was later associated with the BTK serial killer. In 2005 Dennis Rader pleaded guilty to 10-counts of 1st degree murder for killings from 1974-1991.
(SSFC, 2/27/05, p.A3)(www.kansas.com/214/story/16542.html)
1974 Jan 16, NY Yankees Mickey Mantle and Whitey Ford were elected to Hall of Fame.
1974 Jan 17-1974 Jan 19, China occupied the Paracel Islands following the Battle of Hoang Sea, a bloody skirmish with Vietnam.
(Econ, 3/31/07, SR p.7)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Hoang_Sa)
1974 Jan 18, "$6 Million Man" starring Lee Majors premiered on ABC TV.
1974 Jan 18, Israel and Egypt signed a Separation of Forces Agreement.
1974 Jan 20, Howard C. Ulrich was appointed by Gov. Ronald Reagan to serve as the chief of Caltrans and served from this day to Aug 8, 1975.
(SFEC, 1/31/99, p.A14)
1974 Jan 21, The U.S. Supreme Court decided that pregnant teachers could no longer be forced to take long leaves of absence.
1974 Jan 25, Ray Kroc (1902-1984), the head of McDonald's Corp., bought the SD Padres for $12 million and prevented the team's planned move to Washington DC.
(www.addictsports.com/baseball/archive/index.php/t-28507.html)(SFC, 10/13/03, p.A19)
1974 Jan 25, Bulent Ecevit (1925-2006) became prime minister of Turkey.
1974 Jan 27, Pavel Rafalovich Bermon(d)t-Avalov, (b.1877 in Tbilisi), died in New York. He was an Ussuri Cossack and warlord. He adopted his second surname Avalov after his adoptive father, Georgian prince Mikhail Avalishvili. At the end of WWI he was appointed to lead the German-established Russian army (subsequently frequently known after his name as "the Bermontians") which was meant to go to fight the Bolsheviks in the Russian Civil War, but, believing that communists would be defeated without his help, he decided to strike against the newly independent nations of Lithuania and Latvia instead. The Bermontians managed to capture a large part of Samogitia and western Latvia and entered Riga, but later were defeated by the Lithuanian and Latvian armies, with the help of the Estonian forces.
1974 Jan 31, Samuel Goldwyn (b.1879), Polish-born US film magnate (MGM), died.
1974 Jan 31, Gold hit a record high of $195.5 an ounce.
1974 Feb 1, Lynda Ann Healy, 1st Bundy murder victim, was abducted in Seattle.
1974 Feb 2, Barbra Streisand made her 1st #1 hit, "The Way We Were."
1974 Feb 4, Newspaper heiress Patricia Hearst (19) was kidnapped in Berkeley, Calif., by the Symbionese Liberation Army. Her boyfriend Steven Weed was beaten. Patty Hearst ran away to join an underground revolutionary group, the Symbionese Liberation Front.
(TMC, 1994, p.1974)(SFC, 2/8/97, p.A7)(AP, 2/4/97)(AP, 2/4/97)(SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W22)
1974 Feb 4, Mao Tse-tung proclaimed a new "cultural revolution" in China.
1974 Feb 5, John Murtha (1932-2010), became Pennsylvania’s Democratic representative following a special House election. He became the first Vietnam veteran to serve in Congress.
(SFC, 2/9/10, p.A6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Murtha)
1974 Feb 6, The Committee on the Judiciary of the House of Representatives was authorized to begin determining grounds for the impeachment of Pres. Nixon. Public hearings began on May 9.
1974 Feb 7, Mel Brooks' "Blazing Saddles" opened in movie theaters.
1974 Feb 7, The island nation of Grenada won independence from Britain. This included the northern islands of Carriacou and Petite Martinique.
(SFC, 7/1/97, p.A9)(AP, 2/7/97)(SSFC, 12/11/05, p.F4)
1974 Feb 8, The three-man crew of "Skylab" space station returned to Earth after spending 84 days in space.
1974 Feb 8, Fritz Zwicky (b.1898), Swiss-US astronomer, died. In 1934 he and Walter Baade coined the term "supernova" and hypothesized that they were the transition of normal stars into neutron stars, as well as the origin of cosmic rays.
1974 Feb 9, US female Figure Skating championship was won by Dorothy Hamill.
1974 Feb 12, The SLA sent a letter a tape with the voices of Patty Hearst and "general field marshal Cinque" to KPFA. They demanded free food to the poor of the Bay Area, prison reform and social justice. Symbionese Liberation Army asked the Hearst family for $230 million in food for the poor.
(HN, 2/12/97)(SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W22)
1974 Feb 12, The Russian Mars 5 Orbiter entered orbit around Mars and relayed imaging data for the Mars 6 & 7 missions.
(SFC, 11/19/96, p.B1)
1974 Feb 13, Alexander Solzhenitsyn was exiled from the USSR. He wrote his novel "First Circle" based on experiences in a Moscow prison camp, where he met Lev Kopelev (d.1997 at 85), a dissident author and Communist idealist. The character Rubin in "First Circle" is based on Kopelev.
(TMC, 1994, p.1974)(SFC, 6/21/97, p.A18)(MC, 2/13/02)
1974 Feb 15, US gasoline stations threatened to close because of federal fuel policies.
1974 Feb 16, In California Rev. Cecil Williams of Glide Memorial Church received a tape from the SLA wherein Cinque said a "reasonable" food giveaway would be acceptable as a condition for the release of Patty Hearst.
(SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W22)
1974 Feb 17, Henry Kulbaski (d.2007), White House Secret Service agent, ordered service agents to shoot down a stolen helicopter that was flying around the White House. Robert K. Preston (b.1954), a US Army private, suffered superficial pellet wounds and was taken into custody.
(SSFC, 7/15/07, p.B7)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_K._Preston)
1974 Feb 18, In California Randolph Hearst was to give $2 million in free food for the poor in order to open talks for his daughter Patty.
1974 Feb 19, Randolph Hearst announced a $2 million food program called People in Need.
(SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W22)
1974 Feb 21, A report claimed that the use of defoliants by the U.S. had scarred Vietnam for century. Defoliation was meant to save lives by denying the enemy cover. But for some the 'cure' was worse than the problem.
1974 Feb 21, Tim Horton, hockey player for the Toronto Maple Leafs, died at 44 in a car crash driving back home to Buffalo after a game in Toronto. His career spanned 25 years with 6 invitations to all-star teams.
(SFC, 5/16/97, p.A19)
1974 Feb 22, Cesar Chavez began a UFW march from Union Square in SF to Gallo headquarters in Modesto.
(SFEM, 4/13/97, p.11)
1974 Feb 22, Samuel Joseph Byck (1930–1974), an unemployed former tire salesman, attempted to hijack a plane flying out of Baltimore-Washington International Airport. He intended to crash into the White House in hopes of killing US President Richard M. Nixon. Byck killed pilot Fred Jones and a aviation officer George Neal Ramsburg before he was shot and wounded by gunfire through the door of a Delta DC-9 airplane. Byck then shot himself in the head.
1974 Feb 22, Pakistan officially recognized Bangladesh.
1974 Feb 23, William F. Knowland, former Cal. state senator and Oakland Tribune newspaper publisher and editor, committed suicide. In 1998 Gayle B. Montgomery and James W. Johnson, in collaboration with Paul G. Manolis, published the biography "One Step from the White House: The Rise and Fall of Senator William F. Knowland."
(SFEC, 5/17/98, BR p.5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_F._Knowland)
1974 Feb 27, "People" magazine began sales. [see Mar 4]
1974 Feb 28, The United States and Egypt re-established diplomatic relations after a seven-year break.
1974 Feb 28, Britain’s Labor Party won the parliamentary election. No party had an overall majority resulting in a hung parliament. This lasted until elections in October.
(www.enotes.com/peoples-chronology/year-1974)(Econ, 4/24/10, p.14)
1974 Feb, Kim Jong Il was elected to the Political Bureau of the Workers Party's Central Committee and formally becomes North Korea's future leader.
1974 Feb, In Portugal Marshal Antonio de Spinola (1910-1996) published a critique of the dictatorship's African policy.
(SFC, 8/15/96, p.C4)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ant%C3%B3nio_de_Sp%C3%ADnola)
1974 Mar 1, A grand jury in Washington, DC, concluded that President Nixon was indeed involved in the Watergate cover-up. 7 people, including former Nixon White House aides H.R. Haldeman and John D. Ehrlichman, former Attorney General John Mitchell and former assistant Attorney General Robert Mardian, were indicted on charges of conspiring to obstruct justice in connection with the Watergate break-in. They were convicted the following January, although Mardian's conviction was later reversed. In 2005 Vanity Fair Magazine revealed that W. Mark Felt (91), former FBI official, was the Watergate whistleblower Deep Throat, who helped bring down Pres. Nixon.
(HN, 3/1/98)(AP, 3/1/99)(AP, 6/1/05)
1974 Mar 1, The Ethiopian government of Makonnen Endelkacaw (1927-1974) formed.
1974 Mar 2, In the 16th Grammy Awards Roberta Flack won for the song “Killing Me Softly” & Bette Midler won as Best New Artist. Stevie Wonder got five Grammy Awards for his album, "Innervisions" and his hit songs, "You Are The Sunshine of My Life" and "Superstition".
1974 Mar 2, US 1st class postage stamps rose from 8 cents to 10 cents.
1974 Mar 3, "Sextet" opened at Bijou Theater in NYC for 9 performances.
1974 Mar 3, A Turkish Airlines DC-10 crashed shortly after takeoff from Orly Airport in Paris and 346 people were killed. It was the worst air disaster to date.
1974 Mar 4, The first issue of People Magazine was dated March 4.
1974 Mar 4, The play "Knuckle" by David Hare (b.1947) premiered in London.
1974 Mar 4, Harold Wilson, head of the Labor Party, replaced resigning Edward Heath as British premier. Wilson called elections for October and the Labor Party defeated the Conservatives, after which Margaret Thatcher replaced Heath as party leader (1975).
(SC, 3/4/02)(SFC, 7/18/05, p.B6)
1974 Mar 5, A revived "Candide" opened at Broadway Theater in NYC for 740 performances. The book and lyrics were revised from the 1956 version.
(SFC, 1/11/05, p.E1)
1974 Mar 5, Solomon I "Sol" Hurok (b.1888), Ukraine-born US impresario, died.
1974 Mar 6, "Over Here" opened at Shubert Theater in NYC for 341 performances.
1974 Mar 7, Duke Univ. and the North Carolina Department of Archives and History announced the discovery of the Civil War ship USS Monitor.
1974 Mar 8, Charles the Gaulle Airport (aka Roissy I) opened outside of Paris.
1974 Mar 9, Officer Hiroo Onoda, the last Japanese soldier operating in the Philippines, surrendered, 29 years after World War II ended.
1974 Mar 9, Earl W. Sutherland Jr. (b.1915), US pharmacologist and winner of the Nobel Prize in Medicine (1971), died.
1974 Mar 11, Iraq's "Law for Autonomy in the Area of Kurdistan" was promulgated. It stipulated that: "The Kurdish language shall be the official language of education for Kurds ... Kurdish shall be the official language of education for the Kurds."
1974 Mar 12, Bundy victim Donna Manson (b.1954) disappeared from Evergreen State College in Olympia, Wa.
1974 Mar 12, Chilean Gen. Alberto Bachelet (b.1923) died in prison after Gen. Augusto Pinochet's military convicted him of being a traitor. His daughter, Michelle, later became Chile's first female president. In 2011 a judge agreed to review a complaint alleging that Bachelet was tortured to death. On July 17, 2012, two military officers were charged with torturing Bachelet.
(AP, 8/26/11)(SFC, 7/18/12, p.A2)
1974 Mar 12, Billy Fox (b.1939), Protestant Dublin MP, was assassinated.
1974 Mar 12, The Russian Mars 6 went into orbit and the lander transmitted atmospheric data during descent before failing.
(SFC, 11/19/96, p.B1)
1974 Mar 12, Carlos Andres Perez (1922-2010) began serving as president of Venezuela and continued to 1979. Oil income exceeded $48 billion over this period. Foreign debt meanwhile grew from $3 billion to $18 billion. Perez served a 2nd term from 1989-1993.
(SFC, 12/8/99, p.A14)(AP, 12/25/10)(Econ, 1/8/11, p.86)
1974 Mar 13, The Dow Jones dropped to 577.60.
(WSJ, 7/22/96, p.B1)(http://tinyurl.com/4uu3s9)
1974 Mar 15, In Brazil General Ernesto Geisel (1907-1996) became president and ruled for 5 years. He gradually ended political repression, lifted press censorship and allowed political exiles to return. Under his rule the foreign debt doubled to $43 billion.
(SFC, 9/13/96, p.E2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ernesto_Geisel)
1974 Mar 17 Arab oil ministers, with the exception of Libya, announced the end the oil embargo on the US.
1974 Mar 17, Louis Kahn (1901), Estonia-born architect, died. His designs included the capital building of Bangladesh, completed in 1983. In 2004 his son Nathaniel Kahn directed the documentary film "My Architect: A Son's Journey."
(PBS, Internet)(SFC, 2/6/04, p.D5)
1974 Mar 20, Chet Huntley (b.1911), newscaster (NBC Huntley-Brinkley Report), died of lung cancer.
1974 Mar 22, The Viet Cong proposed a new truce with the United States and South Vietnam, which includes general elections.
1974 Mar 28, In Romania the position of President of the Republic was created especially for Nicolae Ceausescu, who is then named President for life by Grand National Assembly.
1974 Mar 29, Mariner 10 first flew past Mercury.
(NH, 5/01, p.38)
1974 Mar 29, In Ohio 8 National Guardsmen were indicted on charges stemming from the shooting deaths of 4 students at Kent State University. On Nov 8 the charges were dismissed.
1974 Apr 2, In the 46th Academy Awards "Sting," Glenda Jackson and Jack Lemmon win. Robert Opel (33) of SF streaked naked across the stage. Opel was shot and killed 5 years later during a robbery in SF.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/46th_Academy_Awards)(SFEC, 3/14/99, DB p.37)
1974 Apr 2, French President Georges Pompidou (62) died in Paris. Alain Pohrer (1909-1996) as president of the Senate then served as interim president for 7 weeks.
(SFC, 12/12/96, p.C8)(AP, 4/2/97)
1974 Apr 3, A tape from the SLA announced Patty Hearst's decision to "stay and fight" with the SLA.
(SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W22,23)
1974 Apr 3, The Joint Committee on Internal Revenue Taxation of the Congress reported that $476,531 in back taxes and interest was owed by President Richard Nixon. Responding to charges of fraud, Nixon requested the committee investigation of his taxes and, upon its report, agreed to pay. The report made no conclusion regarding fraud.
1974 Apr 3, A series of 148 deadly tornadoes struck wide parts of the South and Midwest before jumping across the border into Canada; some 330 people were killed in 13 states: Alabama, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Michigan, Mississippi, North Carolina, Ohio, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, and West Virginia. Total property damage was estimated at $600 million. In 2007 Mark Levine authored “F5: Devastation, Survival, and the Most Violent Tornado Outbreak of the 20th Century.”
(AP, 4/3/99)(WSJ, 9/13/01, p.B11)(SSFC, 9/4/05, p.A7)(WSJ, 6/16/07, p.P10)
1974 Apr 4, Hank Aaron of the Atlanta Braves tied Babe Ruth's home-run record by hitting his 714th round-tripper in Cincinnati.
(HN, 4/4/98)(AP, 4/4/99)
1974 Apr 4, In England an armed payroll robbery took place at the London Electricity Board (LEB). George Davis (b.1941) was arrested for the robbery and his wife, Rose Davis (d.2009, campaigned for his release. In 1976 the conviction was overturned as unsafe. In Sep 1977 George was again arrested for a bank robbery and Rose promptly divorced him. In 2009 she authored “The Wars of Rosie: Hard Knocks, Endurance and the 'George Davis Is Innocent' Campaign.”
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Davis_(armed_robber))(Econ, 2/14/09, p.98)
1974 Apr 5, The World Trade Center (WTC), the tallest building in the world at 110 stories, opened in NYC.
1974 Apr 6, Willem Dudok (b.1884), Dutch architect (Hilversum Town Hall), died.
1974 Apr 8, Hank Aaron of the Atlanta Braves hit his 715th career home run in a game against the Los Angeles Dodgers, breaking Babe Ruth's record. The round-tripper was off pitcher Al Downing.
(HN, 4/8/98)(AP, 4/8/07)
1974 Apr 10, Golda Meir announced her resignation as prime minister of Israel. Yitzhak Rabin replaced Golda Meir.
(AP, 4/10/97)(HN, 4/10/98)
1974 Apr 11, The US House Judiciary Committee votes 33-3 to issue a subpoena ordering Nixon to turn over all tape recordings and related materials on 42 conversations.
1974 Apr 11, United Mine Workers president W. A. "Tony" Boyle was found guilty of first-degree murder, for ordering the assassination of union reformer Joseph A. "Jock" Yablonski in 1969. Yablonski, his wife and daughter were murdered on December 30, 1969. Boyle had defeated Yablonski in the UMW election earlier in the year-an election marred by intimidation and vote fraud. In 1972 the election was set aside by a federal court after Boyle had been convicted of illegal use of UMW funds in the federal elections of 1968. In a new election held in December, 1972, Boyle was defeated by rank and file reformist Arnold Miller. Soon after the election Boyle was put on trial for murdering the Yablonskis and was sentenced to three consecutive life terms in prison.
(HNQ, 11/8/99)(SFC, 11/8/99, p.C2)
1974 Apr 15, SLA members including Patty Hearst robbed the Sunset Branch of the Hibernia Bank in SF of more than $10,000. While fleeing they wounded 2 people passing by.
(SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W23)
1974 Apr 17, Ted Bundy victim Susan Rancourt disappeared from CWU, Ellensburg, WA.
1974 Apr 18, In Genoa, Italy, the Red Brigade kidnapped deputy attorney Mario Sossi. He was held for 35 days.
(WSJ, 12/13/07, p.A18)(http://tinyurl.com/39vg4e)
1974 Apr 18, Marcel Pagnol (b.1895), French writer and film director, died.
1974 Apr 22, A Pan Am 707 crashed into the mountains of Bali, killing 107.
1974 Apr 25, Marshal Antonio de Spinola (1910-1996) was called to the barricades in Portugal to receive the surrender of the 41-year old regime of Antonio Salazar. Spinola was then named head of state by the 7-member military junta, which included Gen. Costa Gomes. The Carnation Revolution changed the Portuguese regime from an authoritarian dictatorship to a democracy after two years of a transitional period known as PREC (Processo Revolucionário Em Curso), characterized by social turmoil and power dispute between left and right wing political forces.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carnation_Revolution)(SFC, 8/12/99, p.D6)(SFC, 8/4/01, p.E2)
1974 Apr 28, A federal jury in New York acquitted former Attorney General John Mitchell and former Commerce Secretary Maurice H. Stans of charges in connection with a secret $200,000 contribution to President Nixon's re-election campaign from financier Robert Vesco. Vesco had gained control of IOS, a mutual fund firm, and looted hundreds of millions. In 1971 he fled to the Bahamas, then Costa Rica and finally to Cuba where he was convicted in 1996 for economic crimes against the state and sentenced to 13 years in prison.
(AP, 4/28/99)(WSJ, 7/10/02, p.A8)
1974 Apr 29, President Nixon announced he was releasing edited transcripts of some secretly made White House tape recordings related to Watergate.
1974 Apr 30, President Nixon handed over partial transcripts of Watergate tape recordings.
1974 May 1, The US Federal Hourly Minimum Wage was set at $2.00 an hour.
1974 May 2, Former Vice President Spiro T. Agnew was disbarred by the Maryland Court of Appeals, effectively preventing him from practicing law anywhere in the United States.
1974 May 6, Bundy victim Roberta Parks disappeared from OSU, Corvallis, Ore.
1974 May 7, West German chancellor W. Brandt (1913-1992) resigned. A bizarre spy scandal brought Brandt down after 4 years in office.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Willy_Brandt)(WSJ, 9/11/03, p.D10)
1974 May 8, William Simon (1927-2000), former Wall Street bond trader, began serving as the 63rd head of the US Treasury Dept. under Pres. Nixon. Simon was reappointed by President Ford and served until 1977. From 1977-1980 he served as treasurer of the US Olympic Committee.
(SFEC, 6/4/00, p.C15)(WSJ, 6/7/00, p.A26)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_E._Simon)
1974 May 8, In Canada the government of Pierre Trudeau fell on a sub-amendment to the budget (thus a question of confidence).
1974 May 9, The House Judiciary Committee opened hearings on whether to recommend the impeachment of President Nixon.
(AP, 5/9/97)(HN, 5/9/98)
1974 May 11, In Argentina leftist liberation theology priest Carlos Mugica (b.1930) was killed by ultra-right groups.
1974 May 15, PFLP terrorists took a school in Maalot, Israel. 26 people were killed including 21 children after an unsuccessful rescue attempt.
(www.mfa.gov.il/mfa)(WSJ, 9/14/04, p.A20)
1974 May 16, SLA members William and Emily Harris were identified with Patty Hearst in LA during a shoplifting attempt at a sporting good store. They escaped in a stolen van with an 19-year-old kidnapped victim.
(SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W23)
1974 May 16, Helmut Schmidt (b.1918), head of the Social Democratic Party became the West German chancellor and served until October 1, 1982.
(AP, 11/21/05)(SFC, 5/31/00, p.A10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helmut_Schmidt)
1974 May 17, LA police and FBI agents engaged in a gun battle with SLA members in a bungalow. The house caught fire and 6 bodies were recovered that included Cinque and William Wolfe. Patty Hearst was not there.
(SFEC, 5/16/99, p.A10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Symbionese_Liberation_Army)
1974 May 17, In Northern Ireland three cars exploded amidst crowds of Dublin shoppers and commuters walking toward a train station. A fourth detonated about an hour later outside a pub in the border town of Monaghan. In 2007 an investigation into the bombings was finally completed by lawyer Patrick MacEntee. The government had tasked MacEntee in 2005 with finding out why Ireland's national police force, the Garda Siochana, closed down its investigation in 1974 and failed to follow up important leads.
1974 May 18, "The Streak" by Ray Stevens hits #1.
1974 May 18, India became the sixth nation to explode an atomic bomb. India conducted its first nuclear tests and then halted testing. India had exploited the civilian nuclear help it received under America’s “Atoms for Peace” initiative.
(WSJ, 4/2/96, p.A-10)(SFC, 4/27/98, p.A12)(HN, 5/18/98)(Econ, 9/13/08, p.48)
1974 May 18, World's tallest structure, a 646-m Polish radio mast, was completed. It fell down Aug 8,1991.
(WSJ, 2/3/97, p.A12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Warsaw_radio_mast)
1974 May 19, Valeri Giscard d'Estaing won French presidential elections.
(SFEC, 11/12/00, p.D4)(www.loc.gov/today/pr/2003/03-008.html)
1974 May 20, Judge John Sirica ordered President Nixon to turn over tapes and records of 64 White House conversations regarding Watergate.
1974 May 20, Ian Fairweather (b.1891), Scotland-born Australian artist, died. He lived for much of his life as a recluse on Bribie Island, north of Brisbane. In Murray Bail authored “Fairweather,” a biography with color reproductions. The book was expanded in 2009.
(Econ, 4/18/09, p.91)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ian_Fairweather)
1974 May 24, Duke Ellington (b.1899) died of cancer in NYC. He had composed some 2,000 works. In 1991 Mark Tucker (d.2000) authored "Ellington: The Early Years." In 1993 Tucker edited "The Duke Ellington Reader."
(SFEC, 2/21/99, DB p.32)(SSFC, 12/10/00, p.C17)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Duke_Ellington)
1974 May 25, Donald Crisp (b.1882), English film actor and director, died in California.
1974 May 25, Pam Morrison (b.1946), wife of Door's vocalist Jim, died of drug overdose in Los Angeles.
1974 May 26, The federal government instituted the Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) program under the Housing and Urban Development (HUD) agency.
(SFC, 5/27/99, p.A20)
1974 May 27, In France Valerie Giscard d’Estaing began serving as president. He nominated Jacques Chirac (b.1932) to serve as prime minister. Chirac served his 1st term as prime minister to Aug 26, 1976.
(Econ, 3/17/07, p.28)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jacques_Chirac)
1974 May 28, "Magic Show" opened at Cort Theater in NYC for 1859 performances.
1974 May 28, In the 26th Emmy Awards: MASH, Alan Alda & Mary Tyler Moore won.
1974 May 29, President Nixon agreed to turn over 1,200 pages of edited Watergate transcripts.
1974 May 29, Northern Ireland was brought under direct rule from Westminster.
1974 May 31, Israel and Syria signed an agreement on the Golan Heights.
1974 May, Robert Kahn and Vinton Cerf published a paper that outlined the protocols of the Internet. Their Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) was updated in 1978. In 2004 they received the A.M. Turing Award for their work. By December full specifications for the new proposal were published.
(SFC, 6/11/05, p.C1)(Econ, 6/10/06, Survey p.33)
1974 May, William Bennett (d.2002 at 78) and William Pennington bought Circus Circus Enterprises. They took the company public in 1983.
(SFC, 12/24/02, p.A13)(www.answers.com/topic/mandalay-resort-group-1?cat=biz-fin)
1974 May, The Sikkimese Congress decided to put an end to monarchical rule, and the Sikkim assembly passed the Government of Sikkim Act 1974, for the progressive realization of a fully responsible government in Sikkim and for furthering its relationship with India.
1974 May, Major Abdel Jalloud, Libya's second in command, traveled to Moscow and concluded the first in a series of arms sales agreements that remain the largest ever reached by the Soviets.
1974 Jun 1, The song "Midnight At The Oasis" by Maria Muldaur peaked at #6 on the pop singles chart.
1974 Jun 1, The song "Oh Very Young" by Cat Stevens peaked at #10 on the pop singles chart.
1974 Jun 2, Jigme Druk Gyalpo Jigme Singye Wangchuck (18) was crowned king of Bhutan.
1974 Jun 3, The last Air America aircraft crossed the border from Laos into Thailand. American forces left Laos and abandoned some 36,000 Laotians hired to battle North Vietnamese troops. The Hmong and Iu Mien were 2 hill tribes hired by the Americans to break codes and rescue downed pilots. Many of the soldiers fled to Thailand where they lived in refugee camps. Some 35,000 Iu Mien later moved to the US.
(SFC,12/27/97, p.A15)(SFEC, 1/24/99, p.A8)(http://tinyurl.com/3mzgcy)
1974 Jun 3, Charles Colson, an aide to President Richard Nixon, pleaded guilty to obstruction of justice.
1974 Jun 3, Yitzhak Rabin (1922-1995) formed a new Israeli government.
1974 Jun 4, Ten Cent Beer Night was an ill-fated promotion held by the American League's Cleveland Indians during a game against the Texas Rangers at Cleveland Municipal Stadium.
1974 Jun 6, James Quisenberry (26), in prison for aggravated assault and armed robbery, escaped from a New Jersey prison. In 2007 he was found and arrested in California.
(SFC, 2/22/07, p.B2)
1974 Jun 7, The Steve Silver show "Beach Blanket Babylon" premiered at the Savoy Tivoli in San Francisco. Nancy Bleiweiss was the original star of the show.
(www.onlyinsanfrancisco.com/sponsors/beach-blanket-babylon.asp)(SFEC, 8/1/99, DB p.48)
1974 Jun 11, Georgann Hawkins, Bundy victim, disappeared from UW, in Seattle, Wash.
1974 Jun 14, Leonard K. Firestone (1907-1996), son of Harvey Firestone (1868-1938) - the founder of the Firestone Tire & Rubber Co., began serving as US ambassador to Belgium. He continued as ambassador there until January 20, 1977.
(SFC, 12/25/96, p.A22)(www.nndb.com/gov/489/000120129/)
1974 Jun 17, In Italy 2 people died in a Red Brigades attack on a right-wing party’s office.
(WSJ, 12/13/07, p.A18)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Red_Brigades)
1974 Jun 19, Pres. Nixon returned from a 9-day visit to the Middle-East, where he met with leaders of Egypt, Syria, Israel, Saudi Arabia and Jordan.
1974 Jun 26, At the Marsh Supermarket in Troy, Ohio, Sharon Buchanon became the 1st cashier to scan a Universal Product Code (UPC) code. The 59 black and white bar code was used on a 67 cent 10-pack of Wrigley’s Juicy Fruit chewing gum. The scanner was a Spectra-Physics Model A. Norman Joseph Woodland and Bernard Silver (d.1962) had patented the 1st bar code scanner in 1952. In 1977 an int’l. version was created.
(SFC, 7/5/04, p.E3)(SSFC, 11/6/05, p.B5)(SFC, 6/26/09, p.C3)
1974 Jun 27, Pres. Nixon arrived in Moscow for his 3rd summit. During the summit the US and Russia approved a partial atomic test ban treaty.
1974 Jun 27, In Chile Gen. Augusto Pinochet proclaimed himself "Supreme Chief of the Nation" (de facto provisional president).
1974 Jun 28, Mario J. Molina and F. Sherwood Rowland of UCLA, Irvine, proposed an alarming hypothesis in Nature that the use of chlorofluorocarbons added chlorine to the environment in steadily increasing amounts.
1974 Jun 29, In Fresno, Ca., Clarence Ray Allen (44) robbed Fran’s market. Soon after Mary Sue Kitts (17) was murdered on orders from Allen (44) for revealing Allen’s role in a robbery. In 1997 Allen was convicted for her murder and was sentenced to life in prison. Allen faced execution in 2006.
(SFC, 12/8/05, p.B3)(SFC, 1/13/06, p.A15)(http://tinyurl.com/4s4pqp)
1974 Jun 29, Russian ballet dancer Mikhail Baryshnikov defected in Toronto, Canada.
1974 Jun 29, In Uruguay Lt. Miguel Dalmao (23) was in charge of the jail where Nibia Sabalsagaray, a literature professor (24) and communist activist, was taken from her Montevideo apartment. Hours later, she was dead. In 2013 Gen. Dalmao was convicted of human rights violations.
1974 Jun 30, Alberta King (b.1903), mother of Martin Luther King Jr., was assassinated in Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta, Georgia by Marcus Chenault, a twenty-one year old from Ohio who claimed that "all Christians are my enemies."
1974 Jun, Members of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in Dubna, USSR, reported their discovery of Element 106, which they reported to have synthesized. Glenn Seaborg was part of this group, and the element was named in his honor. Ervin Hulet and Albert Ghiorso of UC Berkeley were also members of the team.
(http://periodic.lanl.gov/elements/106.html)(SFC, 2/27/99, p.A19)
1974 Jul 1, Juan D. Peron (b.1895), president of Argentina (1946-55, 73-74), died. Isabel Peron succeeded her husband Juan as president.
1974 Jul 1, Walter Scheel (b.1919) began serving as the 4th President of the Federal Republic of Germany and continued to 1979.
(Econ, 1/12/13, p.45)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walter_Scheel)
1974 Jul 6, Garrison Keillor made his 1st live broadcast of "A Prairie Home Companion" from Macalester College in St. Paul, Minn. In 2003 the show drew some 3.9 million listeners weekly. The show ended in 1987 and resumed in New York in 1989. It returned to Minnesota in 1993.
(SFEC, 8/16/98, DB p.13)(SFC, 12/20/00, p.E5)(SFC, 9/4/03, p.E12)
1974 Jul 8, The SF Chronicle received the last verified letter from the Zodiac killer with a complaint about the columnist Count Marco.
(SFC, 10/2/00, p.A19)
1974 Jul 8, Trudeau's Liberal Party won Canadian parliamentary election.
1974 Jul 9, Earl Warren (83), former California governor and US Chief Justice (1953-68) died in Washington D.C. In 1997 Ed Cray authored the Warren biography "Chief Justice." In 2006 Jim Newton authored “Justice for All: Earl Warren and the Nation He Made.”
(AP, 7/9/99)(SFC, 2/28/01, p.A18)(SSFC, 12/3/06, p.M3)
1974 Jul 10, The World Football League played its first games.
1974 Jul 11, John W. Dean testified before the US House Judiciary Committee in the impeachment inquiry of Pres. Nixon.
1974 Jul 12, President Richard Nixon's aides G. Gordon Liddy, John Ehrlichman and two others were convicted of conspiracy and perjury in connection with the Watergate scandal. They were convicted of conspiring to violate the civil rights of Daniel Ellsberg's former psychiatrist.
(AP, 7/12/97)(HN, 7/12/98)
1974 Jul 12, The US Budget Control Act was signed into law. It stripped away from the president the power to withhold appropriated spending, and placed it in the hands of Congress. The Congressional budget Office was formed.
(WSJ, 2/27/00, p.A1)(http://clerk.house.gov/art_history/index.html?pagenum=28)
1974 July 13, The US Senate Watergate Committee proposed sweeping reforms to prevent another Watergate scandal.
1974 Jul 14, Bundy victims Janice Ott and Denise Naslund disappeared at Lake Sammamish, WA.
1974 Jul 14, Carl A. Spaats (b.1891), 1st chief of staff of USAF, died at age 83.
1974 Jul 15, Greek troops and the Greek Cypriot National Guard staged a military coup on Cyprus and archbishop-president Makarios fled. Nikos Giorgiades Sampson (d.2001 at 66) served as president for 8 days following the military coup that overthrew Archbishop Makarios. PM Bulent Ecevit ordered Turkish troops to invade Cyprus following the Greek Cypriot coup.
1974 Jul 17, Jay Hanna "Dizzy" Dean (b.1910), pitcher (St Louis Cards), died in Nevada.
1974 Jul 19, The House Judiciary Committee recommended that President Richard Nixon should stand trial in the Senate for any of the five impeachment charges against him.
1974 Jul 19, In the Philippines a Miss Universe beauty pageant was held and thousands of squatters around Manila were forcibly moved out of sight. Amparo Munoz of Spain won.
(SFC, 11/18/96, p.A12)(www.youtube.com/watch?v=1e3Gcv41T7I&feature=related)
1974 Jul 20, Turkey invaded Cyprus.
1974 Jul 22, Wayne L. Morse (b.1900), US Senator from Oregon (1945-1969), died.
1974 Jul 23, Greece's military rulers announced they would turn the nation back to civilian rule. Constantine Karamanlis returned from 11 years of self-imposed exile and was sworn in as premier. Karamanlis later won a landslide election and served as prime minister until 1980. The Ioannides regime collapsed after plotting an aborted military takeover of Cyprus.
(AP, 7/23/97)(SFC, 4/23/98, p.B4)(SFC, 6/28/99, p.A19)
1974 Jul 24, The U.S. Supreme Court unanimously ruled that President Nixon had to turn over subpoenaed White House tape recordings to the Watergate special prosecutor.
(AP, 7/24/97)(HN, 7/24/98)
1974 Jul 24, Fernando Bujones (1955-2005), American-Cuban ballet virtuoso, won ballet’s gold medal at Varna, Bulgaria.
1974 Jul 25, The US Supreme Court ruled in Milliken v Bradley that desegregation cannot be required across school district lines. The case had originated in Detroit.
(Econ, 4/28/07, p.32)(http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Milliken_v._Bradley)
1974 Jul 25, T. Smirnova, Russian astronomer, discovered asteroid #2345 Fucik.
1974 Jul 27, The House Judiciary Committee voted 27-11 to recommend President Nixon's impeachment on a charge that he had personally engaged in a "course of conduct" designed to obstruct justice in the Watergate case.
(AP, 7/27/97)(HN, 7/27/98)
1974 Jul 28, Truman Bradley (b.1905), host (Science Fiction Theater), died.
1974 Jul 29, The Episcopal Church ordained female priests in Philadelphia.
1974 Jul 29, The House Judiciary Committee approved Article 2 in the impeachment against Pres. Nixon.
1974 Jul 29, Cass Elliot (b.1941), singer (Mamas and Papas), was found dead in London from an apparent heart attack.
1974 Jul 30, The House Judiciary Committee voted down an article of impeachment against President Richard Nixon relating to demeaning his office by misconduct of personal financial affairs. In April, 1974, a congressional inquiry into possible tax fraud revealed that Nixon owed $476,531 in back taxes for the period 1969-72. He agreed to pay and no conclusion was drawn by the congress regarding fraud. The Judiciary Committee vote against the article of impeachment was 26-12. Article 3 of the impeachment was passed. Nixon resigned on August 9, 1974. Peter Rodino presided over the impeachment hearings.
(http://tinyurl.com/5doffx)(www.historyplace.com/unitedstates/impeachments/nixon.htm)(SFC, 12/15/98, p.A3)
1974 Jul 30, The prime ministers of Greece and Turkey and the British Foreign Secretary signed a peace agreement to settle the Cyprus crisis.
1974 Aug 3, Jenny Beck, TV and film actress, was born.
1974 Aug 5, President Richard Nixon admitted that he ordered a cover-up of the Watergate break-in for political as well as national security reasons. One of the secret recordings, known as the "smoking gun" tape, was released. It revealed that Nixon authorized hush money to Watergate burglar E. Howard Hunt, and also revealed that Nixon ordered the CIA to tell the FBI to stop investigating certain topics because of "the Bay of Pigs thing."
(HN, 8/5/98)(SFC, 12/6/99, p.B8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_Nixon)
1974 Aug 7, French stuntman Philippe Petit walked a tightrope strung between the twin towers of New York's World Trade Center. In 2002 Petit authored "To Reach the Clouds: My High Wire Walk Between the Twin Towers." In 2003 Steven Galloway authored "Ascension," a novel that featured a fictional Gypsy tightrope walker named Ursari, who makes a final, fateful skywalk between the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center on July 4, 1976. In 2008 James Marsh produced his documentary film of the event: Man On Wire.”
(AP, 8/7/97)(SSFC, 9/8/02, p.M4)(SSFC, 10/11/03, p.M3)(WSJ, 8/8/08, p.W1)
1974 Aug 8, President Nixon announced he would resign his office 12PM Aug 9, following damaging revelations in the Watergate scandal.
1974 Aug 8, Baldur von Schirach (b.1907), Nazi youth leader, died.
1974 Aug 9, President Nixon's resignation took effect. Gerald R. Ford was sworn in as the 38th US President (1974-1976). Ford said "Our long national nightmare is over" after he assumed the presidency following Richard Nixon‘s resignation. After being sworn in, Ford spoke in the White House‘s East Room and said, "My fellow Americans, our long national nightmare is over." It was a line that Ford initially objected to saying, feeling it was a little hard on Nixon. In 2007 Robert Dallek authored “Nixon and Kissinger: Partners in Power.”
(SFEC, 5/11/97, p.T8,9)(HN, 8/9/98)(HNQ, 6/23/00)(Econ, 5/19/07, p.87)
1974 Aug 9, Bill Chase and 3 members of the Chase Band died in a plane crash while enroute to a performance in Minnesota. Lead guitarist Angel South (aka Lucien Gondron d. 1998 at 55) had struck out on his own solo career.
1974 Aug 14, The 93rd Congress authorized US citizens to own gold. The Gold ownership ban from 1933 was rescinded by Public Law 93-373.
1974 Aug 14, The Turkish army mounted a second full-scale offensive in Cyprus, despite the fact that talks were still being held in Geneva and just as agreement was about to be reached. 37% of the area of Cyprus came under Turkish military occupation.
1974 Aug 14, Greek Cypriots began a 2-day massacre that killed 83 Turkish Cypriot men in Taskent.
1974 Aug 15, South Korean President Park Chung-hee escaped an assassination attempt in which his wife was killed. Park’s daughter took over as 1st lady.
(AP, 8/15/97)(Econ, 5/21/05, p.44)
1974 Aug 16, The Ramones 1st performed at the CBGB in NYC. Dee Dee Ramone (d.2002) had formed the Ramones punk rock band in the Forest Hills neighborhood of Queens along with Jeffrey Hyman, John Cummings (aka Johnny Ramone, d.2004) and Tom Erdelyi.
(SFC, 6/8/02, p.D4)(Econ, 9/25/04, p.100)
1974 Aug 19, US Ambassador Rodger P. Davies was fatally wounded by a bullet that penetrated the American embassy in Nicosia, Cyprus, during a protest by Greek Cypriots.
1974 Aug 20, Pres. Gerald Ford selected Nelson Rockefeller as VP.
1974 Aug 22, Jacob Bronowski (b.1908), British mathematician, cultural historian, died in East Hampton, NY.
1974 Aug 23, In Northern Ireland Sean O'Callaghan, IRA member, and 2 other teenagers gunned down police inspector Peter Flanagan in Broderick's Bar in Omagh. O'Callaghan later served 8 years of a 539-year terrorism sentence and was released in Dec, 1996 for becoming an informer.
(SFC, 3/1/97, p.C2)(http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/sutton/chron/1974.html)
1974 Aug 25, In Mexico Rosendo Radilla, a guerrilla sympathizer and folk singer, disappeared after being stopped at an army checkpoint near Acapulco. In 2009 the Inter-American Court of Human Rights ordered the government to apologize, pay damages to relatives and investigate the case. Mexico’s Interior Department apologized on Nov 17, 2011. Three unsuccessful attempts were made to find Radilla's remains at a former army base in Guerrero state.
1974 Aug 26, Charles Lindbergh (72), the first man to fly solo, nonstop across the Atlantic, died at his home in Hawaii. Lindbergh had 3 illegitimate children in Germany with Brigitte Hesshaimer, a Munich hat maker. In 1998 A. Scott Berg authored "Lindbergh." Earlier Lindbergh's daughter authored her memoir "Under a Wing."
(AP, 8/26/97)(SFEC, 11/15/98, Par p.29)(SSFC, 10/24/04, Par p.2)
1974 Aug 29, Moses Malone became the first basketball player to go straight from high school to the pros when he joined the Utah Stars.
(SFC, 7/7/96, Z1 p.5)
1974 Aug 30, The Telluride Film Festival was started by Bill and Stella Pence, Tom Luddy and Jim Card in the town of Telluride, Colorado.
(SFC, 9/2/10, p.E1)(www.telluridefilmfestival.org/photoscroller.html)
1974 Aug 30, In Yugoslavia an express train ran full speed into a Zagreb, Croatia, rail yard killing 152.
1974 Aug 31, William P. Benedict, was killed while dropping fire retardant in the Ukiah area of California on the labor day weekend. In 1952 Lieutenant Colonel Benedict and Lieutenant Colonel Joseph O. Fletcher of Oklahoma piloted the 1st airplane to land at the geographic North Pole. In 2002 Charles B. Compton later authored "Born to Fly: Some Life Sketches of Lieutenant Colonel William P. Benedict."
1974 Aug, The CIA in Project Azorian recovered part of a Soviet submarine that had sunk in the Pacific on March 8, 1968. A 100 foot section of K-129 was pulled in by the Hughes Glomar Explorer with 2 nuclear tipped torpedoes and the bodies of 6 Russian sailors. The US Navy’s fully submersible dry dock, called the Hughes Mining Barge, was used under the Glomar Explorer to position a claw to recover the submarine. Claude Barnes Capehart worked on the Howard Hughes’ deep-sea research vessel, Glomar Explorer, that under CIA sponsorship raised part of the Soviet submarine. Later in Chowchilla, Ca., he told his girlfriend that he was in Texas when Kennedy was assassinated, and that "Oswald wasn’t the only one involved." Just before a scheduled interview in 1989, Capehart dropped dead of a heart attack. In 1996 the Glomar Explorer began under going remodeling for work as a deep-sea drilling ship. The barge was later used to house the Navy’s $195 million Sea Shadow, an experimental stealth ship made public in 1993. In 2006 the barge and Sea Shadow were put to rest in Suisun Bay, near San Francisco.
(SFC, 7/15/96, p.A6)(WSJ, 2/24/09, p.A6)(AP, 2/13/10)
1974 Aug, Monsoon floods ravaged Bangladesh and some 2,500 were killed.
1974 Sep 1, Jack Shelley (b.1905), former SF mayor (1964-1968), died.
(SFC, 9/1/00, p.D6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Shelley)
1974 Sep 1, In the Netherlands laws prohibiting pirate radio came into effect.
1974 Sep 2, Pres. Ford signed the Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA), to protect pension accounts. It was passed partly in response to Studebaker employee pension losses in 1963. The US Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation (PBGC) was set up to insure the bulk of corporate America’s pension plans. It was expanded to include 401(k) accounts in 1978.
(WSJ, 6/5/96, p.A1,8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Employee_Retirement_Income_Security_Act)
1974 Sep 4, The US & German DR established diplomatic relations.
1974 Sep 4, General Creighton Williams Abrams, US commander in Vietnam (1968-1972), died in Washington DC of lung cancer. In 2005 the “Vietnam Chronicles: The Abrams Tapes” transcribed and edited by Lewis Sorley was published.
(WSJ, 3/18/05, p.W6)
1974 Sep 5, Charles Dean (23), brother of 2004 presidential candidate Howard Dean, was captured by Pathet Lao. He was executed on or about December 14, 1974. In 2003 his remains were reported found along with Australian companion Neil Sharman.
(SFC, 11/19/03, p.A3)(www.crocuta.net/Dean/Charlie_Dean.htm)
1974 Sep 7, The musical "Irene" closed at Minskoff Theater NYC after 605 performances.
1974 Sep 8, President Gerald Ford pardoned former President Richard M. Nixon for any crimes arising from the Watergate scandal he may have committed while in office.
(AP, 9/8/97)(HN, 9/8/98)
1974 Sep 8, Evel Knievel (b.1938) attempted to jump the Snake River Canyon in Idaho on his rocket-powered motorcycle. He failed and parachuted down.
(WSJ, 8/22/01, p.A1)(www.evelknievel.com/bio.html)
1974 Sep 8, In Italy Renato Curcio and another Red Brigades leader were arrested.
(WSJ, 12/13/07, p.A18)
1974 Sep 9, in Boston, Massachusetts, a group called Restore Our Alienated Rights (R.O.A.R.) held a rally at City Hall Plaza a few days before the start of school. When Senator Ted Kennedy took the stage to speak in favor of busing, the crowd reacted in anger. Protests and violence continued for three years.
1974 Sep 11, In North Carolina an Eastern Airlines DC-9, Flight 212, crashed 3 miles from the Douglas Municipal Airport. Of the 82 persons aboard the aircraft, 11 and two crewmembers survived the accident. One passenger died 3 days after the crash, and another died 6 days after the crash. One survivor died of injuries 29 days after the accident.
1974 Sep 12, The start of court-ordered busing to achieve racial integration in Boston's public schools was marred by violence in South Boston. The Boston desegregation plan had been drafted by Robert Dentler (1928-2008) and Marvin Scott of Boston Univ.
(AP, 9/12/99)(SFC, 4/8/08, p.B5)
1974 Sep 12, Haile Selassie I, "King of Kings, Lord of Lords, and Conquering Lion of the Tribe of Judah," was deposed by the military from the Ethiopian throne. A military committee (known as the Dergue) was established from several divisions of the Ethiopian Armed forces. General Aman Amdon was elected as spokesperson for the Dergue and implemented policies for the country, which included land distribution to peasants, nationalizing industries and services under public ownership and led Ethiopia into the Socialism.
1974 Sep 12, In its 1st major attack ETA killed 12 people with a bomb at a Madrid cafe.
1974 Sep 13, The "Rockford Files," starring James Garner, was first broadcast on NBC-TV.
1974 Sep 13, In the Netherlands the French embassy at the Hague was taken over by Haruo Wako and 2 other Japanese Red Army militants. A 4-day standoff ended with the release of comrade Yutaka Suyaka from a French jail. The attack was linked to Carlos the Jackal, aka Ilich Ramirez Sanchez. In 2005 a Tokyo District Court sentenced Wako to life imprisonment.
(SFC,12/11/97, p.C2)(SFC, 11/9/00, p.C2)(http://my-my-miyuki.blogspot.com/)
1974 Sep 16, President Ford announced a conditional amnesty program for Vietnam War deserters and draft-evaders. Limited amnesty was offered to Vietnam-era draft resisters who would now swear allegiance to the United States and perform two years of public service.
(AP, 9/16/97)(HN, 9/16/98)
1974 Sep 18, Hurricane Fifi struck Honduras with 110 mph winds and killed about 8,000. The hurricane made landfall as a Category 2 storm in Belize on the next day, and continued through Guatemala and Mexico as a tropical system. After weakening to a depression, Fifi emerged into the Pacific Ocean, becoming the first crossover storm since Hurricane Irene-Olivia in 1971.
1974 Sep 20, Gail A. Cobb (24), a member of the Metropolitan Police Force of Washington, D.C., became the first female police officer to be killed in the line of duty. Cobb was murdered by a robbery suspect in an underground garage in downtown Washington.
1974 Sep 21, US Mariner 10 made a 2nd fly-by of Mercury.
(NH, 5/01, p.38)(www.astronautix.com/craft/marner10.htm)
1974 Sep 21, Jacqueline Susann (b.1918), author, died of cancer. Her books included "Valley of the Dolls" (1966). In 1987 Barbara Seaman authored Susann's biography: "Lovely Me." In 2000 the film "Isn't She Great" starred Bette Midler as Susann.
(SFC, 1/26/00, p.B1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jacqueline_Susann)
1974 Sep 23, The 1959 Broadway show "Gypsy" reopened on Broadway with Angel Lansbury (b.1925), following a 1973 run in London.
(SFEC, 12/8/96, Par p.18)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gypsy:_A_Musical_Fable)
1974 Sep 23, Cliff Arquette (b.1905), TV actor, died. He invented the character of Charley Weaver for a 1959 appearance on Jack Paar’s “The Tonight Show,” and in 1962 became a regular on “The Roy Rogers Show.”
(SFC, 2/21/07, p.G3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cliff_Arquette)
1974 Sep 25, Scientists warned that continued use of aerosol sprays will cause ozone depletion, which will lead to an increased risk of skin cancer and global weather changes.
1974 Sep 26, The NYT published a front page article on the impact of the chlorofluorocarbon, used in aerosols, on the ozone.
(AH, 10/04, p.14)
1974 Sep 28, First lady Betty Ford underwent a mastectomy at Bethesda Naval Medical Center in Maryland, following discovery of a cancerous lump in her breast.
1974 Sep 30, Argentina passed the economic-subversion law that provided prosecutors with a legal umbrella to pursue anyone suspected of undermining public disorder. It was repealed in 2002 under IMF pressure.
(WSJ, 5/31/02, p.A7)(www.glin.gov/view.action?glinID=93488)
1974 Sep 30, Gen. Carlo Prats, a former Chilean army chief, was killed with his wife by a car bomb in Buenos Aires. In 2000 an Argentine judge called for the extradition of Augusto Pinochet for the slaying. In 2000 Enrique Arancibia Clavel was sentenced in Argentina to life in prison for his role in the murder.
(SFC, 10/28/00, p.A14)(SFC, 11/22/00, p.C6)
1974 Sep 30, In Portugal Marshal de Spinola (1910-1996) resigned as head of state in protest against rushed attempts to dismantle the colonial empire.
(SFC, 8/15/96, p.C4)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ant%C3%B3nio_de_Sp%C3%ADnola)
1974 Sep, In Pakistan the army put down a tribal rebellion in Baluchistan, reportedly leaving about 3,000 dead. Some 15,000 Balochs fought the Pakistani Army and the Air Force.
1974 Oct 1, Five Nixon aides--Kenneth Parkinson, Robert Mardian, Nixon's Chief of Staff H.R. Haldeman, John Ehrlichman, and U.S. Attorney General John Mitchell-- went on trial for conspiring to hinder the Watergate investigation. Ehrlichman was convicted in the Watergate cover-up with Haldeman and Mitchell and for the break-in at the office of Daniel Ellsberg. Ehrlichman served 18 months in federal prison.
(HN, 10/1/98)(SFC, 2/16/99, p.A18)
1974 Oct 2, Nancy Wilcox, believed to have been a victim of the serial killer Ted Bundy (d.1989), disappeared in Salt Lake City, Utah.
1974 Oct 2, Pele (b.1940), Brazilian soccer player born as Edson Arantes do Nascimento, came out of retirement to join the NY Cosmos of the North American Soccer League. Steve Ross (1927-1992), chairman of Warner Brothers and founder of the Cosmos, offered him a reported $7 million for a 3-year contract. In 2006 Gavin Newsham authored “Once in a Lifetime: The Incredible Story of the New York Cosmos.”
(SFC, 6/26/06, p.E3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pel%C3%A9)
1974 Oct 3, Frank Robinson was named major-league baseball's first black manager as he was placed in charge of the Cleveland Indians.
1974 Oct 4, Anne Sexton (b.1928), American poet, committed suicide in Massachusetts. In 1991 Diane Middlebrook (1939-2007), authored “Anne Sexton: A Biography.”
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anne_Sexton)(SSFC, 12/16/07, p.A1)
1974 Oct 4, In Greece the New Democracy party (ND), was founded. It became the main center-right political party.
1974 Oct 5, Eugene McQuaid, a Catholic civilian, was killed near a British army checkpoint on Northern Ireland's border on the main Belfast-Dublin road. In 2006 the IRA leadership offered its sincere apologies to the McQuaid family for the death of Eugene and for the heartache and trauma that the IRA actions caused.
1974 Oct 5, in Chile Miguel Enriquez (b.1944), physician and founder (1965) of the Movimiento de Izquierda Revolucionaria (MIR), was shot dead by Pinochet’s security forces.
(Econ, 5/30/09, p.39)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Miguel_Enriquez)
1974 Oct 8, President Gerald Ford's WIN (Whip Inflation Now) program was announced in response to a high inflation rate. Consumer prices rose 12.2 percent in 1974. The WIN program, introduced by Ford to a national television audience, included tax and spending assistance to hard-pressed industries, a five percent tax surcharge, reduced federal spending and tight monetary policies. During 1974 unemployment jumped from 5 percent to more than 7 percent, interest rates climbed to 12 percent, the stock market fell 28 percent, automobile sales collapsed. In 1974 real economic growth was negative 5 percent.
1974 Oct 8, The Franklin National Bank, the 20th largest US bank, collapsed in obscure circumstances. A Fed bailout pumped money into Franklin National Bank, which was later merged into a large bank owned by six foreign banks.
(WSJ, 9/25/98, p.A8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Franklin_National_Bank)
1974 Oct 9, Czech-born German businessman Oskar Schindler, credited with saving about 1,200 Jews during the Holocaust, died in Frankfurt, West Germany; at his request, he was buried in Jerusalem. His wife Emilie died in 2001.
(AP, 10/9/99)(SSFC, 10/7/01, p.A29)
1974 Oct 13, Ed Sullivan (72), longtime television, host died in New York City.
1974 Oct 15, Pres. Ford signed legislation limiting campaign spending by political parties. Congress amended the Federal Election Campaign Act (FECA) of 1971 to set limits on contributions by individuals, political parties and PACs.
(SFC, 6/27/96, p.A3)(http://tinyurl.com/6zvcpc)
1974 Oct 15, Nobel prize for chemistry was awarded to Paul J. Flory of Stanford Univ. for his work on macro molecules.
1974 Oct 15, The National Guard was mobilized to restore order in Boston school busing.
1974 Oct 24, David Oistrach (b.1908), virtuoso Russian violinist, died of a heart attack in Amsterdam.
1974 Oct 25, The US Air Force fired its 1st ICBM. The Space and Missile Systems Organization (SAMSO) successfully launched a Minuteman I from a C-5A cargo aircraft.
1974 Oct 26, Mathieu Kerekou (b.1933) seized power in Dahomey (later Benin) and ruled until 1991. He was elected president in 1996 and served until 2006.
(WSJ, 3/20/96, p.A1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mathieu_K%C3%A9r%C3%A9kou)
1974 Oct 27, "Don't Bother Me, I Can't Cope" closed at the Edison Theater in NYC after 1065 performances.
1974 Oct 27, Chantal Langlace of France ran a female world record marathon (2:46:24).
1974 Oct 28, A US law banned discrimination of sex or marital status in credit application.
1974 Oct 28, Missionaries Mark Fischer (19) of Milwaukee, Wis., and Gary Darley (20) of Simi Valley, Calif., disappeared in Austin, Texas. Their bodies were never found. Robert Elmer Kleasen, taxidermist, was convicted for their murder and sentenced to death in 1975, but was released after 2 years due to a faulty search warrant. He moved to Britain and in 2001 was convicted again based on DNA evidence, but died in 2003 while awaiting possible extradition.
1974 Oct 30, The film "The Texas Chainsaw Massacre" was released in Los Angeles. It was narrated by John Larroquette and was first shown in San Francisco. The film was based on the story of Edward Gein, a handyman in Plainfield, Wis., who liked to dig up fresh graves, cut the skin off corpses, wear the skin on his own body and dance in the moonlight. He was picked up in this year and evidence showed that he'd been collecting body parts for years. He had skulls on bedposts, a human heart in a saucepan, and a lady out in his barn dressed like a deer.
(SFC, 5/18/96, p.E-4)
1974 Oct 30, An Arab summit in Rabat, Jordon, decided that King Hussein would no longer speak for the Palestinians and named the PLO under Yasir Arafat as the sole, legitimate representative.
(SFC, 2/6/99, p.A13)(www.palestinefacts.org/pf_1967to1991_rabat_1974.php)
1974 Oct 30, Muhammad Ali and George Foreman held their "Rumble In the Jungle" boxing match in Kinshasa, Zaire. Ali knocked out George Foreman in the eighth round of a 15-round bout to regain his world heavyweight title, that was taken from him for refusing military service.
(SFC, 2/10/97, p.E3)(WSJ, 2/14/97, p.A12)(AP, 10/30/97)
1974 Oct 31, Suspected Bundy victim Laura Aime disappeared in Utah.
1974 Oct, The Politburo in North Vietnam decided to launch an invasion of South Vietnam in 1975.
1974 Nov 1, Yuko Shimizu, Sanrio designer and creator of Hello Kitty, set Nov 1 as Hello Kitty’s birthday and her parents as George and Mary White of London.
(SSFC, 12/26/04, p.M2)
1974 Nov 1, The UN General Assembly unanimously passed the first of countless resolutions calling all states to respect the sovereignty, independence, territorial integrity and non-alignment of the Republic of Cyprus.
1974 Nov 5, The Eagles hit, "Best of My Love", was released. It did not reach #1 spot until March 1, 1975.
1974 Nov 5, The Republicans lost 40 seats in the House and 4 in the Senate, widening the Democratic majority in Congress during the mid-term elections.
1974 Nov 5, Ella T. Grasso was elected governor of Connecticut, the first woman to win a gubernatorial office without succeeding her husband.
1974 Nov 5, Walter Washington (1915-2003) was elected mayor of Washington DC, the 1st black mayor there in 104 years. He had been appointed mayor-commissioner in 1967.
(WSJ, 10/28/03, p.A1)(www.narpac.org/ITXDCHIS.HTM)
1974 Nov 5, Jomo Kenyatta (1894-1978), a Kikuyu, began his 3rd term as president of Kenya.
(WSJ, 1/30/08, p.A18)(http://kenya.rcbowen.com/government/kenyatta.html)
1974 Nov 7, Richard John Bingham (39), the Seventh Earl of Lucan, disappeared after nanny Sandra Rivett was battered to death in the family's home in London's wealthy Belgravia district. Lady Lucan escaped with severe head wounds. In 2001 Muriel spark authored "Aiding and Abetting," a novel based on Lucan’s imagined reappearance. In 2003 former policeman Duncan MacLaughlin claimed in the book, "Dead Lucky," that Lucan lived in India under the name Barry Halpin in India from 1975 until his death in 1996.
(SSFC, 2/18/01, BR p.3)(AP, 9/8/03)
1974 Nov 8, Charges were dropped against eight Ohio National Guardsmen for their role in the deaths of four anti-war protestors at Kent State University. On March 29 a federal grand jury had indicted 8 National Guardsmen for the May 4, 1970 Kent State shootings.
(SFC, 4/11/98, p.A15)(http://speccoll.library.kent.edu/4may70/legalchronology.html)
1974 Nov 8, Singer Connie Francis (b.1938) was raped in her hotel room after a concert at the Westbury Music Fair on Long Island, NY.
(SFC, 9/1/96, Par. p.2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Connie_Francis)
1974 Nov 8, Debi Kent disappeared in Salt Lake City, Utah. She was later identified as another victim of Theodore “Ted” Bundy (1946-1989), the Green River Murderer, who would be officially convicted of killing 36 women and executed on January 24, 1989, in Florida.
1974 Nov 11, Burton Richter and Samuel Ting found reported evidence for a fourth quark.
(NG, May 1985, J. Boslough, p. 650)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/J/%CF%88_meson)
1974 Nov 12, South Africa was suspended from UN General Assembly over racial policies.
1974 Nov 13, Karen Silkwood, a technician and union activist at the Kerr-McGee Cimarron plutonium plant near Crescent, Okla., was killed in a car crash while on her way to meet a reporter.
1974 Nov 13, In Amityville, NY, 6 members of the DeFeo family were shot and killed in their home. Ronald DeFeo Jr., the oldest son, was convicted of the murders. A year later George Lutz (1947-2006) and his family moved into the Long Island house at 112 Ocean Ave. and stayed for 28 days before being driven out by the alleged spirits of the DeFeos. In 1977 Jay Anson authored “The Amityville Horror.” In 1979 the book was turned into a movie, which was remade in 2005. In 1979 Austrian-born paranormal investigator Hans Holzer (d.2009 at 89) authored “Murder in Amityville,” which formed the basis for the 1982 film “Amityville II: The Possession.” In 1977 Holzer and medium Ethel Johnson-Myers allegedly channeled the spirit of a Shinnecock Indian chief, who said the house stood on an ancient Indian burial ground.
(SSFC, 5/14/06, p.B6)(www.warrens.net/amityvill.htm)(SFC, 5/2/09, p.B4)
1974 Nov 13, Vittorio de Sica (b.1902), Italian film actor and director, died in France.
1974 Nov 13, Yasser Arafat addressed the UN General Assembly on behalf of Palestine.
(SFC, 11/11/04, p.A18)
1974 Nov 15, The 15th String Quartet by Dmitri Shostakovitch (1906-1975) premiered in Leningrad.
1974 Nov 16, In Rome the first UN World Food Conference ended. At the conference, which had opened on Nov. 5, governments examined the global problem of food production and consumption, and solemnly proclaimed that "every man, woman and child has the inalienable right to be free from hunger and malnutrition in order to develop their physical and mental faculties."
(SFC, 11/18/96, p.A10)(www.un.org/esa/devagenda/food.html)
1974 Nov 16, Walther Meissner (b.1882), German physicist (Meissner Effect), died.
1974 Nov 20, The US Dept. of Justice filed an antitrust suit to break up ATT.
1974 Nov 21, The Freedom of Information Act was passed by Congress over Pres. Ford's veto.
1974 Nov 22, UN General Assembly recognized Palestine's right to sovereignty and national independence.
(SFC, 2/8/99, p.A6)(http://tinyurl.com/52x3eg)
1974 Nov 23-1974 Nov 24, US Pres. Gerald Ford attended a summit in Vladivostok, USSR, with Soviet Pres. Brezhnev. They reached a tentative agreement to limit the number of nuclear weapons.
(SFC, 12/27/06, p.A11)
1974 Nov 23, Cornelius Ryan (b.1920), war reporter, historian, author, died. His books included "A Bridge Too Far."
1974 Nov 23, In Ethiopia 60 government officials were executed.
1974 Nov 25, Irish Republican Army was outlawed in Britain following deaths of 21. IRA bombs in British pubs killed 28 and wounded over 200 in the last 2 months.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prevention_of_Terrorism_Act_(Northern_Ireland))(WSJ, 3/12/04, p.A11)
1974 Nov 25, Nick Drake (b.1948), English musician and composer, died from an overdose of prescription drugs. His albums included "Five Leaves Left" (1969), "Bryter Layter," and "Pink Moon" (1971). Paul Humphries in 1997 authored the biography "Nick Drake: A Biography."
(WSJ, 2/10/99, p.A20)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nick_Drake)
1974 Nov 25, U Thant (b.1909), Burmese diplomat and former UN Secretary-General, died in New York at age 65.
1974 Nov 28, John Lennon (1940-1980) made what would become his last concert appearance at an Elton John concert at New York's Madison Square Garden. Lennon joined Elton John to sing "Whatever Gets You Through the Night", "Lucy In The Sky With Diamonds", as well as "I Saw Her Standing There". Backstage, Lennon has a brief reunion with Yoko Ono, from whom he'd been separated for over a year.
1974 Nov 28, Konstantin Melnikov (b.1890), Russian architect, died. His Melnikov House in Moscow was built from 1927-1931 with fees from commissions.
(WSJ, 10/3/07, p.D10)(www.greatbuildings.com/buildings/Melnikov_House.html)
1974 Nov 29, Haroldson L. Hunt (b.1889), Texas oil man and multi-millionaire, died.
1974 Nov 30, "Good Evening" with Dudley Moore and Peter Cook closed at the Lunt-Fontanne Theater in NYC after 438 performances.
1974 Nov 30, India and Pakistan in accordance with the Simla Agreement, signed a Protocol for Trade. This Protocol ended a 10-year trade ban and expired in 1978.
1974 Nov, Jordanian women gained the right to vote.
1974 Dec 1, The L.A. Skid Row slasher killed Charles Jackson (46), an alcoholic drifter. In 1975 police arrested Vaughn Greenwood, a black loner and homosexual, who had drifted back and forth between Chicago and California. In 1977 Greenwood, who was indicted on 11 counts of murder, was convicted on 9 counts and sentenced to life in prison.
1974 Dec 2, Lucio Cabanas, leader of a communist rebel group called the Party of the Poor, was killed in a shootout with Mexican soldiers. In 2002 his remains were found in a makeshift grave in Atoyac de Alvarez, a city outside a major military base near the Pacific coast resort of Acapulco. Lino Rosas Perez and Esteban Mesino Martinez were killed along with Cabanas, in a gunbattle with authorities in the village of Otatal in southern Guerrero state. Perez and Martinez were identified in 2006 using DNA evidence.
(AP, 8/13/02)(AP, 11/15/06)
1974 Dec 4, Pioneer II made its closest approach to Jupiter.
1974 Dec 5, The TV show "Monty Python's Flying Circus" was last shown on BBC. It had premiered on Oct 5, 1969.
1974 Dec 8, The Greek monarchy was rejected by referendum. Constantine Karamanlis organized a referendum that abolished the monarchy.
(SFC, 4/23/98, p.B4)(www.traveldocs.com/gr/history.htm)
1974 Dec 10, Ed Wood (b.1924), credited as the worst filmmaker of all time, died a penniless drunk. His films included "Jail Bait," "Plan 9 From Outer Space," "Bride of the Monster," "Glen or Glenda?" and "Night of the Ghouls." His 1948 "Crossroads of Loredo" was unreleased. In 1996 a documentary by Brett Thompson was released titled "The Haunted World of Edward D. Wood."
(SFC, 9/26/96, p.E6)(www.imdb.com/name/nm0000248/)
1974 Dec 11, In Chile General Augusto Pinochet took the title of president of the republic.
(SFC, 12/11/06, p.A4)
1974 Dec 16, The US Safe Drinking Water Act was passed.
1974 Dec 18, The Broadway production "Of Mice and Men" opened. It starred James Earl Jones and featured Joe Seneca (d.1996). The first stage production was in 1937.
(SFC, 8/17/96, p.A24)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Of_Mice_and_Men)
1974 Dec 18, In Greece Michalis Stasinopoulos (d.2002), legal scholar, was elected president 10 days following the referendum that abolished the monarchy.
(AP, 11/1/02)(SFC, 11/2/02, p.A22)
1974 Dec 19, Nelson A. Rockefeller was sworn in as the 41st vice president of the United States after a House vote.
(AP, 12/19/97)(HN, 12/19/98)
1974 Dec 19, Former Pres. Nixon's presidential papers were seized by an act of Congress. A court later ruled that much of the material belonged to Nixon and that he deserved compensation. In 1998 there was still no settlement on value.
(WSJ, 11/27/98, p.W10)
1974 Dec 20, In Northern Ireland a temporary cease fire was established.
(SFC, 6/18/96, p.A8)
1974 Dec 23, Faidon (Phaedon) Gizikis (1917-1999), Greek Gen'l. and former president (1973-1974), resigned and retired from the army.
(SFC, 7/29/99, p.C4)(www.turkishdailynews.com.tr/archives.php?id=13481)
1974 Dec 24, An oil spill polluted 1,600 square miles of scenic Inland Sea in Japan.
1974 Dec 25, The category 4 Cyclone Tracy reduced 90% of Darwin, Australia, to rubble. 65 people died including 49 in the city and 16 at sea.
(SFEC, 9/10/00, p.T10)(www.emergency-management.net/cyclone.htm)
1974 Dec 26, Comedian Jack Benny (b.1894) died in Los Angeles at age 80.
1974 Dec 27, Amy Vanderbilt (b.1908), American etiquette expert, died. "One face to the world, another at home makes for misery." In 1952 she published the best selling book Amy Vanderbilt's Complete Book of Etiquette.
1974 Dec 27, Ned Mandrell (b.~1878), the last native speaker of Manx, died. The Goidelic language, similar to Irish and Scots Gaelic, was once spoken on the Isle of Man.
(Econ, 10/25/08, p.72)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manx_language)
1974 Dec 28, The 6.0 Patan earthquake in Pakistan killed some 5,300 people.
1974 Dec 31, US Congress overrode Pres. Ford’s veto of the Freedom of Information Act-strengthening amendments in the Privacy Act of 1974. It was passed in the wake of the Watergate scandal. It allowed ordinary citizens to hold the US government accountable by requesting public documents and records.
(SSFC, 1/6/02, p.D4)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Privacy_Act_of_1974)
1974 Dec 31, The Dow Jones closed the year at 616.
(Econ, 10/18/08, p.86)
1974 Dec 31, Private US citizens were allowed to buy and own gold for the first time in more than 40 years.
1974 Dec, Thieves in San Francisco stole the “Resting Hermes” statue from its pedestal on Nob Hill. The University Club had purchased the statue, made by Chiurazzi of Naples, from Italy in 1915 following the Panama Pacific Expo. In 2004 it was stolen again.
(SFC, 8/24/04, p.A1)
1974 Dec, Allan Spear (1937-2008), Minnesota state senator, announced that he was gay, becoming only one of two openly gay legislators in the country.
(SFC, 10/14/08, p.B5)
1974 Dec, In Venezuela a national commission created by President Perez delivered a proposal for nationalization. This proposal formed the core of the 1975 law that nationalized the oil industry. Pres. Carlos Andres Perez nationalized the oil industry and the central bank.
(www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/venezuela/petroleum.htm)(WSJ, 1/05/00, p.A11)(Econ, 1/8/11, p.86)
1974 The New York Museum of Modern Art instituted a permanent video program.
(WSJ, 12/2/96, p.A16)
1974 Antonio Henrique Amaral of Brazil painted his "Battlefield," a phalanx of menacing forks with shreds of banana.
(WSJ, 3/17/00, p.W12)
1974 Joseph Beuys (1921-1986), German artist, created his performance piece: "I like America, and America likes Me," in which he lived with a coyote in a New York gallery for 5 days.
(SFEC, 8/31/97, BR p.8)
1974 Jasper Johns painted his "Corpse and Mirror." In 1997 it sold for $8.3 million.
(WSJ, 11/25/97, p.A20)
1974 Sol LeWitt (b.1928), pioneer of the Conceptual Art Movement, created his "Incomplete Open Cube."
(WSJ, 2/28/00, p.A38)
1974 Architects Doug Michels (1943-2003) and Chip Lord, founders of the Ant Farm in SF, created "Cadillac Ranch," a sculpture of 10 planted Cadillacs, in Amarillo, Texas.
(SSFC, 6/22/03, p.A1)
1974 Kent Twitchell painted the 20-foot high mural "The Old Woman of the Freeway" in Los Angeles. It was painted over in the mid 80s and Twitchell worked to restore it in the 90s.
(SFC, 1/25/99, p.A20)
1974 Cleveland Amory authored "Man Kind," a seminal book on his work with animals.
(SFC, 10/16/98, p.D4)
1974 Doubleday published the 1st edition of "Jaws" by Peter Benchley (1940-2006). In 1975 Steven Spielberg turned it into a movie.
(http://www3.isrl.uiuc.edu/~unsworth/courses/bestsellers/search.cgi?title=Jaws)(SFC, 2/13/06, p.B3)
1974 Raoul Berger (d.2000 at 99), constitutional scholar, authored "Executive Privilege," which helped undermine Nixon's claims for executive privilege. Executive privilege 1st gained recognition with a 1974 Supreme Court ruling that endorsed a president's right to keep internal office communications private.
(SFC, 9/27/00, p.A25)(SFC, 1/30/02, p.A10)
1974 Woodward and Bernstein wrote "All the President's Men." A film based on the book was made in 1976. In 2003 Woodward and Bernstein sold their Watergate research papers to the Univ. of Texas for $5 million.
(SFC, 12/30/99, p.E3)(WSJ, 4/18/03, p.W13)
1974 Michael R. Best and Frank H. Brightman edited "The Book of Secrets of Albertus Magnus," which contained a recipe for Greek Fire.
(AM, May/Jun 97 p.10)
1974 Heinrich Boll authored “The Lost Honor of Katharina Blum.”
(Econ, 6/9/07, p.97)
1974 Steward Brand published "II Cybernetic Frontiers."
(Wired, 5/97, p.101)
1974 Britannica under editor Warren Preece (d.2007) published its 15th edition (Britannica 3), which featured three parts: the Propaedia, the Micropaedia, and the Macropaedia.
(SFC, 4/17/07, p.D7)
1974 Leo Buscaglia (d.1998 at 74), published his book "The Way of the Bull."
(SFC, 6/13/98, p.A21)
1974 Robert A. Caro authored "The Power Broker: Robert Moses and the Fall of New York." Robert Moses (1888-1981), master builder, had shaped New York City from 1924-1968.
(WSJ, 5/1/02, p.D7)(SSFC, 5/5/02, p.M2)
1974 British novelist John le Carre authored his cold war thriller “Tinker, Taylor, Soldier, Spy.” In 1979 it was adopted by the BBC for television.
(Econ, 9/17/11, p.92)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tinker,_Tailor,_Soldier,_Spy)
1974 John Fell (d.2008 at 81), jazz historian and film professor at SF State Univ., authored “Film and the Narrative Tradition.”
(SSFC, 11/2/08, p.B3)
1974 Victor Fuchs of Stanford authored “Who Shall Live,” an examination of the American health care system.
(Econ, 7/17/04, Survey p.9)
1974 Emily Hahn (1905-1997) wrote: "Once Upon a Pedestal: An Informal History of Women's Lib."
(SFC, 2/19/96, p.A20)
1974 Prof. Charles M. Hardin (1908-1997) wrote "Presidential Power and Accountability."
(SFC, 7/4/97, p.E2)
1974 Molly Haskell (b.1939) authored “From Reverence to Rape: the Treatment of women in the Movies.”
1974 Ken Kesey began a literary journal titled "Spit in the Ocean." 6 of 7 issues were published by 1981.
(SSFC, 11/30/03, p.E7)
1974 Stephen Koch authored “Stargazer,” a study of Andy Warhol as a filmmaker.
(SFC, 9/20/06, p.E5)
1974 Peter Maas (d.2001 at 72) published his book "King of the Gypsies." It highlighted the Tene-Bimbo Gypsy clan in New York City.
(SFC,11/6/97, p.A21)(SFC, 8/24/01, p.D7)
1974 Anica Vesel Mander (d.2002), Yugoslavian-born prof. of Women's Studies, authored "Feminism as Therapy."
(SFC, 6/22/02, p.A18)
1974 James Michener published "Centennial."
1974 Robert Nozick (d.2002 at 63), Harvard philosopher, authored "Anarchy, State and Utopia" in which he attacked forms of paternalistic government.
(SFC, 1/25/02, p.A32)
1974 John Paterson (d.2002), UC Berkeley professor, authored "The Novel as Faith: The Gospel According to James, Hardy, Conrad, Joyce, Lawrence and Virginia Woolf."
(SFC, 4/19/02, p.A27)
1974 Dr. John Weir Perry (d.1998 at 84), psychiatrist, published "The Far Side of Madness." He believed that psychotic states could lead to a higher state of consciousness.
(SFC, 11/3/98, p.C2)
1974 Robert Pirsig published "Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance." "The real cycle you're working on is a cycle called yourself."
(SFEC, 1/3/99, BR p.4)
1974 Jeraldine Saunders, cruise ship director, authored “Love Boats.” This sparked the 1977 TV show “The Love Boat.”
(SSFC, 8/7/05, p.C5)(www.tvland.com/shows/loveboat/main.jhtml)
1974 Patricia Nell Warren published the groundbreaking gay novel "The Front Runner." It was about a gay track coach who falls in love with his star runner.
(SFC, 1/7/98, p.E3)
1974 Eleanor Cameron (1912-1996) received the National Book Award for "The Court of the Stone Children." She wrote 17 books for children and one novel, "The Unheard Music," and 2 collections of criticism on children's literature.
(SFEC, 10/13/96, p.B6)
1974 The book "Palinuro of Mexico" by Fernando del Paso (b.1935) won the Premio de Mexico in manuscript form but was not published in Mexico until 1980. The 1st edition was published in Spain in 1977.
(SFEC, 10/6/96, BR p.4)(www.complete-review.com/reviews/pasofd/palinuro.htm)
1974 The National Book Critics Circle was founded.
(SFC, 3/12/02, p.A2)
1974 The first high school swing choir invitational competition was held at Bishop Luers High School in Fort Wayne, Ind. The Marion High School's (Indiana) "The 26th Street Singers," under the direction of teacher F. Ritchie Walton, introduced a new brand of song and dance at the competition and took home the competition trophy.
(SSFC, 10/3/10, Par p.4)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Show_choir)
1974 Ron Link (d.1999 at 58) produced the off-Broadway play "Women Behind Bars" with author Tom Eyen. The prison spoof play ran for over a year at the Astor Place theater in NYC.
(SFC, 6/14/99, p.A24)
1974 Sam Shepard wrote his plays "Action" and "Killer's Head."
(WSJ, 2/14/97, p.A12)
1974 Neil Simon wrote his play "God's Favorite," a dark comedy based on the Book of Job.
(SFEC, 9/29/96, BR p.5)(SFC, 10/11/96, p.C5)
1974 TV Commercials for Heinz ketchup used Carly Simon’s song “Anticipation.”
(WSJ, 6/9/06, p.A11)
1974 "The Six Million Dollar Man" ran as a TV series with Lee Majors. It was based on the book Cyborg by Martin Caidin (d.1997 at 69). The series continued to 1978.
(SFC, 3/26/97, p.C3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Six_Million_Dollar_Man)
1974 The TV series "Get Christie Love" starred Teresa Graves (d.2002 at 54) and lasted one season. Graves played the 1st black woman hired by a big-city police department.
(SFC, 10/12/02, p.A19)
1974 The NBC TV daily game show "Name That Tune" was hosted by Dennis James (1917-1997) up to 1975. A weekly version was hosted by Tom Kennedy.
(SFC, 6/5/97, p.A26)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Name_That_Tune)
1974 The TV game show "Name That Tune" was hosted by Dennis James (d.1997) up to 1975.
(SFC, 6/5/97, p.A26)
1974 The TV "Donny and Marie Show" featured Donny and 14-year-old Marie Osmond. Their recorded songs included: "Make the World Go Away," "I'm Leaving it All Up to You," and "Deep Purple."
(WSJ, 2/19/98, p.A20)
1974 Garrison Keillor began his Prairie Home Companion radio show in St. Paul. The show ended in 1987 and resumed in New York in 1989. It returned to Minnesota in 1993.
(SFEC, 8/16/98, DB p.13)
1974 Joe Cocker made a hit with the song “You Are So Beautiful,” written by keyboardist Billy Preston (1946-2006).
(SFC, 6/7/06, p.B11)
1974 Bob Dylan released his album "Blood on the Tracks." In 2004 Andy Gill and Kevin Odegard authored "A Simple Twist of Fate: Bob Dylan and the Making of "Blood on the Tracks."
(SSFC, 3/21/04, p.M4)
1974 Stan Getz, tenor sax, and the Bill Evans Trio with Eddie Gomez on bass and Marty Morell on drums recorded 2 sessions. A CD was re-issued in 1996 titled "But Beautiful."
(SFEM, 7/21/96, p.4)
1974 Waylon Jennings (1937-2002) released his “The Ramblin’ Man” album, which included his song "Amanda."
1974 Billy Joel broke into the charts with his song "Piano Man."
(USAT, 3/24/99, p.5E)
1974 Joni Mitchell released her album "Court and Spark."
(SFEM, 11/1/98, p.6)
1974 Mocedades made a hit with "Eres Tu."
(SFC, 11/30/02, p.D1)
1974 Wayne Shorter recorded his "Native Dancer" album that featured Herbie Hancock and introduced the Brazilian singer Milton Nascimento.
(SFEC, 8/31/97, DB p.35)
1974 John Whelan, button accordionist, recorded his first solo album in England: "Pride of Wexford."
(WSJ, 3/17/97, p.A16)
1974 The German group Kraftwork recorded "Autobahn."
(SFEC, 1/3/99, DB p.28)
1974 Greg Shaw (1949-2004), pioneer of the independent record label, founded Bomp! Records to release a single by the SF band the Flaming Groovies.
(SSFC, 10/24/04, p.B7)
1974 Jack Bogle founded the mutually owned Vanguard group.
(Economist, 9/15/12, p.67)
1974 The Bellefonte nuclear power plant was begun by the TVA in Hollywood, Ala. Construction was halted in 1988 amid soaring costs.
(WSJ, 7/18/01, p.B1)
1974 Connecticut founded the first hospice in the US.
1974 Cornell Capa (1918-2008), photojournalist and author of “The Concerned Photographer” (1968), founded the International Center of Photography in NYC.
(SFC, 5/24/08, p.B5)
1974 Mort Walker, creator of the Beetle Bailey cartoon character, opened the National Cartoon Museum in Greenwich, Conn. The museum moved a few times before closing in 2002. In 2008 Ohio State Univ. received the collection and planned to make it available for all to see.
(WSJ, 7/16/08, p.A14)
1974 The J. Paul Getty Museum was established in Malibu, Ca., by the billionaire oilman. It was designed by Robert E. Langdon Jr. (d.2004) and Ernest C. Wilson Jr.
(WSJ, 1/30/97, p.A14)(SFC, 8/26/04, p.B6)
1974 The Federal Correctional Institution in Dublin, Ca., was built.
(SFC, 6/16/98, p.A15)
1974 James Wishard Robertson (d.2001 at 66) and his wife Carolyn founded the Yolla Bolly Press in Covelo, Ca.
(SFC, 12/22/01, p.A28)
1974 The Hirshborn Museum and Sculpture Garden in Washington opened.
(SFC, 12/30/99, p.E1)
1974 The South course for golf at Kaanapali on Maui was designed by Arthur Snyder.
(Hem, 4/96, p.42)
1974 In NYC a 40-story building at 130 Liberty Street, named 1 Bankers Trust Plaza, was completed. In 2001 it received a 15-story gash in its façade when the South Tower of the World Trade Center fell in the Sep 11 attack. In 2004 the building was slated for demolition, a process that continued into 2007.
(WSJ, 5/23/07, p.A1)
1974 In New York the Solow Building was completed. The 50-floor building was designed by architects Skidmore, Owings & Merrill.
(WSJ, 1/3/97, p.B10)(www.thecityreview.com/57w9.html)
1974 Jennie Farley and other women at Cornell Univ. began to first use the term "sexual harassment."
(WSJ, 6/27/96, p.A19)
1974 In San Francisco the Shanti project was founded to treat residents suffering from terminal illnesses. In 1981 the program was expanded to include AIDS.
(SFC, 7/9/96, p.A17)
1974 In SF the American Conservatory Theater (ACT) purchased the Geary Theater. In 2006 it renamed it as the American Conservatory Theater. The ACT had been founded by William Ball in 1965 in Pittsburgh. It moved west and settled in at the Geary Theater in SF in 1967.
(SFEC, 3/8/98, p.W29)(SFC, 9/15/06, p.E2)(http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h2705.html)
1974 Curtis E. Green (d.2002) took over as head of MUNI, the 1st African American to head a major US transit system. He retired in 1982.
(SFC, 7/31/02, p.A20)
1974 The US Navy abruptly closed its shipyard at Hunters Point in SF. In 1989 the EPA named it one of the ten most polluted federal properties.
(SFC, 4/8/05, p.F2)
1974 Nieman Marcus, a Texas-based retailer, acquired the City of Paris department store on Geary St. facing Union Square in SF. In 1980 the California Supreme Court denied an appeal by preservationists to save the building.
(SSFC, 7/21/02, p.F2)
1974 Norma Wahl acquired the lease for the Mission Rock Resort at 817 China Basin. They lost the lease after 22 years of operation. [see Jan 1, 1988]
1974 California State College, SF, was renamed to SF State Univ.
(SFEC, 3/21/99, Z1 p.4)
1974 Amateur and professional archeologists met in New Mexico and created the American Rock Art Research Assoc. (ARARA) for the study and conservation of rock art.
(PacDis, Summer '97, p.12)
1974 Gary Gygax (1938-2008) and David Arneson (d.2009 at 61), having founded Tactical Studies Rules (TSR), published Dungeons & Dragons, a role-playing game. Gygax and Don Kaye had founded Tactical Studies Rules (TSR), a publishing firm in 1973. In 1997 TSR was sold to Wizards of the Coast.
(Econ, 3/15/08, p.102)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gary_Gygax)(SFC, 4/11/09, p.B3)
1974 Diane DiPrima joined Chogyam Trungpa, Allen Ginsberg, and others to found the Naropa Institute, a non-profit liberal arts college, in Boulder, Colo.
(SFC, 5/26/96, Z1 p.3)(www.shambhalashop.com/archives/vidnaro.html)
1974 Oakland, Ca., held the first annual Black Cowboys Parade, the only one of its kind in the country.
(SFEC, 9/20/98, Z1 p.6)
1974 This year's edition of the "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders" (DSM), 1st published in 1952, removed homosexuality from its list of disorders.
(WSJ, 12/3/96, p.A1)(SFC, 12/18/03, p.A25)
1974 The Human Family and Educational Cultural Institute established its Humanitas Prize in recognition of film and TV scripts the illuminate life and foster compassion.
(SFC, 7/10/98, p.C14)(www.humanitasprize.org/index.htm)
1974 The National Action Council for Minorities in Engineering was founded.
(WSJ, 7/8/96, p.A1)
1974 Rudi Gernreich, Austrian engineer, introduced the first "thong bikini."
(WSJ, 6/7/99, p.A8)(www.bikiniscience.com/chronology/1970-1975_SS/1970-1975.html)
1974 Friedrich August von Hayek (1899-1992) of the UK and Gunnar Myrdal (1898-1987) of Sweden shared the Nobel Prize for Economics Science. Hayek was later awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by Pres. George Bush.
(WSJ, 5/7/99, p.A18)(http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/economics/laureates/1974/)
1974 Albert Claude (1899-1983), Belgium-born biologist, won the Nobel for his work on the sub-structure of the cell. He shared the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine with Christian de Duve (1917-2013) and George E. Palade, for describing the structure and function of organelles (lysosomes and peroxisomes) in biological cells.
1974 Eisaku Sato (b.1901), premier of Japan, and Ireland’s Sean MacBride, president of the Int’l. Peace Bureau, won the Nobel Peace Prize.
1974 Eyvind Johnson and Harry Martinson of Sweden shared the Nobel Prize in Literature.
1974 The US Air Force established a requirement that flight recorders be installed on all newly purchased aircraft.
(SFC, 4/4/96, p.A-17)
1974 Columnist Jack Anderson blew the cover of CIA agent James Lilley, attached to the US representative office in Beijing. In 2004 James and Jeffrey Lilley authored “China Hands: Nine Decades of Adventure, Espionage and Diplomacy in Asia.”
(WSJ, 5/6/04, p.D10)
1974 The US economy cooled, prices climbed with much wealth transferred to the Arabs for oil.
(TMC, 1994, p.1974)
1974 The US government Witness Security Program grew to $3.1 million for 647 people.
(SFC, 6/9/96, p.A-10)
1974 The FBI counterintelligence program, known as Cointelpro, was directed against Marxist and student-radical groups. Charles W. Bates (d.1999 at 79) led 8 full-time employees in the SF Bay Area and 22 informants worked the local campuses.
(SFC, 2/26/99, p.A25)
1974 The Jackson-Vanik amendment, contained in Title IV of the 1974 Trade Act, authorized the President to waive the restrictions for countries meeting minimal emigration standards and to certify to Congress which countries are in compliance with the provisions. It penalized countries with non-market economies and restrictions on emigration. Pres. Ford signed the legislation on January 3, 1975.
1974 Shirley Temple was appointed US ambassador to Ghana. She served to 1976.
(SFC, 1/26/06, p.E3)
1974 Joseph Phelps Vineyards in California made the first American Syrah in the modern era.
(SSFC, 7/22/12, p.G7)
1974 Gov. Ronald Reagan appointed Judge Frank K. Richardson (d.1999 at age 85) to the California Supreme Court. Richardson retired in 1983. Regan served as governor from 1966-1974. In 2003 Lou Cannon authored "Governor Reagan."
(SFC, 10/7/99, p.C4)(WSJ, 10/7/03, p.D10)
1974 California state spending under Gov. Reagan increased from $4.6 to $10.2 billion when he left office.
(SSFC, 6/6/04, A27)
1974 California enacted a community property law.
(SFC, 12/27/99, p.A10)
1974 Janet Gray Hayes was elected mayor of San Jose by 1,660 votes. She defeated Bart Collins, a retired police detective.
(SFEC, 5/30/99, Z1 p.4)(SFC, 9/2/99, p.A12)
1974 Marjorie Downing Wagner was named the 3rd president of Sonoma State Univ.
(SFC, 7/11/97, p.E2)
1974 SF Mayor Joseph Alioto made another bid for governor of California but the campaign stumbled under allegations that he paid no income tax from 1970-1972. He lost the Democratic primary to Jerry Brown. Also the DA held that Alioto was in conflict of interest in arranging the family purchase of the Pacific Far East Line, which owned $1.7 million in back rent to the city-owned port.
(SFC, 1/30/98, p.A10)
1974 Jerry Brown was elected California state governor over Houston Flournoy.
1974 Jerry Brown as Sec. of State wrote the Political Reform Act, which in part precluded public officials from decisions in which they had a financial interest.
(SFC, 2/5/00, p.A19)
1974 Walnut Creek residents voted to spend $6.75 million to acquire the bulk of Lime Ridge as open space property. The land was acquired in 1975 and expanded in 1993.
(SFC, 12/1/97, p.A20)
1974 In San Francisco the Anchor Steam beer company introduced Anchor Porter. It featured a label by artist Jim Stitt, the first of many that he drew for the company.
(SFC, 11/21/09, p.E10)
1974 Gardner Kent, a resident at the Star Mountain commune in Sonoma County, carted his family and a number of strangers in a converted school bus across the US. This marked the beginning of Green Tortoise Adventure Travel.
(SSFC, 8/22/04, p.D6)
1974 Ken Behring, a Florida land developer, and his partners agreed to donate 2,052 acres near Danville to the California state park system in exchange for the right to build 2,400 homes that became the Blackhawk community. The last 511-acre parcel was transferred in 1999. In 1975 Dan Van Voorhis (1939-2005), East Bay attorney, and Sandy Skaggs formed a new law firm to help develop the Blackhawk project.
(SFC, 5/14/99, p.A21)(SFC, 3/17/05, p.B7)
1974 Vintner Louis M. Martini (79) died. His son, Louis P. Martini (d.1998), took over the vineyards and developed Merlot wine.
(SFC, 9/22/98, p.E2)
1974 Harry Partch (b.1901), California composer, instrument builder, philosopher and multiculturalist, died. He held allegiance to just intonation and the 43 tone scale. His collection of instruments was deeded in 1990 to NY-based Dean Drummond, the director of NEWBAND, an organization based on Partch's work.
(SFEM, 9/5/99, p.11)
1974 In New Jersey Rev. S. Howard Woodson Jr. (d.1999 at 83) became the first black speaker of a state legislature.
(SFC, 8/7/99, p.A23)
1974 In Pennsylvania the firefly was decreed as the official insect.
(SFC, 11/30/96, p.B5)
1974 Betty Hutton (1921-2007), former Hollywood film star underwent a detox program in Rhode Island. Under the guidance of Father Peter McGuire she finished her high school education and later became a faculty member at Salve Regina University in Newport, R.I., where she taught classes in TV and cinema.
(SFC, 3/14/07, p.A2)
1974 Arthur Laffer drew his “Laffer Curve” to illustrate how lower taxes can spur economic growth leaving tax revenues undiminished.
(Econ, 8/20/05, p.22)
1974 Leslie C. Quick (d.2001 at 75) and Kevin Reilly founded Quick & Reilly, a brokerage firm. The following year it became the 1st discount brokerage house. He sold the operation to Fleet Financial in 1997 for $1.6 billion in stock.
1974 Charles Schwab opened a securities firm to take advantage of the 1975 rule change that ended fixed commissions on stock trades.
(SFC, 12/28/99, p.D2)
1974 Irving Shapiro became the CEO of DuPont.
(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R46)
1974 Foot Locker, a division of Woolworth Stores, was first introduced to the retail marketplace.
1974 General Electric began a joint venture with Snecma, a French state-owned enterprise, to produce jet engines. Snecma was privatized in 2004.
(Econ, 5/5/07, p.79)
1974 GM began to offer the first airbags in Buicks, Oldsmobiles and Cadillacs.
(F, 10/7/96, p.71)
1974 International Paper bought General Crude Oil Co. for $489 mil. In 1979 the company sold General Crude Oil's oil and natural gas operations to Gulf Oil Corporation for $650 million.
1974 Mobil Oil gained control of Montgomery Ward.
(SFC, 12/29/00, p.A12)
1974 Knight Newspapers Inc. (Miami Herald) merged with Ridder Publications (Detroit Free Press). Bernard Ridder Jr. (d.2002 at 85) led Ridder in the merger.
(SFC, 2/5/00, p.A19)(SFC, 10/11/02, p.A24)
1974 The McDonald's food company founded the Ronald McDonald House program for families of seriously ill children. By 1997 there were 180 houses in 14 countries.
(Hem., 1/97, p.36)
1974 Pepsi entered the market of the Soviet Union.
(WSJ, 2/14/97, p.A9C)
1974 Harvard created Harvard Management, a wholly owned subsidiary charged with managing the school's entire investment portfolio.
(WSJ, 7/25/96, p.C1)
1974 Ted Nelson authored his manifesto “Computer Lib / Dream Machines,” in which he announced that computing should be available to all without complication or human servility being required.
(SSFC, 4/23/05, p.B4)
1974 Intel Corp. introduced the 8080 microprocessor. It became the heart of the first microcomputer, the 1975 MITS Altair.
(TAR, 1996, p.21)(WSJ, 11/16/98, p.R10)
1974 Motorola helped launch the smartcard market by building the first smartcard chip with Groupe Bull of France.
(FT, 3/4/98, p.21)
1974 Jerome Lemelson (1923-1997) licensed patents for his audio cassette drive mechanism to Sony Corp of Japan. Sony was founded after the war by Masaru Ibuka (d.1997 at 89), Akio Morita and others as a radio shop that was later renamed Sony.
(SFC, 10/4/97, p.A20)(www.lemelson.org/about/bio_jerry.php)
1974 Richard J. Mercer (1924-2006), advertising executive, helped create the Burger King “Have it your way” ad campaign. Mercer also wrote the phrase.
(WSJ, 1/6/07, p.A4)
1974 Hungarian professor Erno Rubik designed the Rubik's Cube. Sales peaked at 100 million in 1980. Some 250 million units were sold worldwide.
(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R34)(SFC, 8/8/03, p.D1)
1974 Tandem Computers was founded.
1974 Taser, a voltage emitting handgun, was created. In 2004 the handheld device fired 2 probes up 21 feet with a peak load of 50,000 volts. Jack Cover (d.2009 at 88), a NASA researcher, began developing the Taser in 1969 to combat hijackings and riots. The initial name, TSER, came from the 1911 book “Tom Swift and His Electric Rifle.” The additional “a” in the name was added later. The Los Angeles Police Dept. began using the devices in 1980.
(USAT, 7/4/04, p.2A)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taser)(SFC, 2/16/09, p.B3)
1974 Dr. Joachim Burhenne (1926-1996) developed the Burhenne Technique for removing gallstones through bile ducts. He practiced in SF from 1959-1977. He performed the procedure on the Shah of Iran in 1979.
(SFC, 6/5/96, C5)
1974 Cesare Sirtori, a Milan heart researcher, encountered a patient with a high cholesterol level. In 1979 Sirtori found that the patient carried a mutant gene, apolipoprotein A-1, a crucial component of HDL involved in clearing LDL from the body. This led to a new drug in 2003 that seemed to shrink arterial blockages.
(WSJ, 11/5/03, p.B3)(SFC, 11/5/03, p.A15)
1974 Tuberculosis was reported to have been transmitted by an accidental needle stick.
(SFC, 4/13/98, p.A6)
1974 A US moratorium on genetic research ended. It had been feared that such research would lead to dangerous breeds of microbes.
(SFEC, 9/17/00, p.A16)
1974 The US National History Day project began as a yearlong program for junior and senior high school students. NHD started as a small contest in Cleveland. Members of the history department at Case Western Reserve University developed the initial idea for a history contest to make teaching and learning history a fun and exciting experience.
(SSFC, 12/17/00, p.17)(www.nationalhistoryday.org/NHDHistory.htm)
1974 Joel Scherk and John Schwarz published a paper in which they show that string theory could describe the gravitational force if the tension in the string were very high.
(BHT, Hawking, p.161)
1974 Ronald Aurel Lesea (1940-2004), violinist and inventor, developed the 1st hand-held translator. It turned 9 foreign languages into English. His inventions also included the 1st call-forwarding device for a telephone.
(SFC, 12/6/04, p.B3)
1974 Steven Weinberg, Howard Georgi, and Helen Quinn, all at Harvard Univ., proposed the grand unification scheme (GUT) and made the first prediction for the lifetime of the proton.
1974 Russell Hulse and Joseph Taylor recorded an indirect sighting of gravitational waves when they showed a pair of stars spiraling towards each other was radiating energy in the form of gravitational waves at exactly the same rate predicted by Einstein.
(Econ, 6/24/06, p.94)
1974 A large radio-wave emitting structure was discovered in the galactic center of the Milky Way, a region called the Sagittarius A complex. At its center sits a massive black hole, Sagittarius A*, that controls the motions of the stars in the innermost parsec of the Galaxy.
(NH, 6/03, p.53)(http://tinyurl.com/ol335c)
1974 William K. Hartmann of the Planetary Science Inst. In Tucson, Arizona, presented research that proposed that the moon was formed from the remnants of a giant impact, wherein a planet about the size of Mars struck Earth. Alastair G.W. Cameron (1915-2005) of Harvard worked independently on the same idea.
(SFC, 10/31/05, p.B4)
1974 Dr. Donald C. Johanson and an international team at Hadar, Ethiopia, discovered a female skeleton in 3 million year old strata and name it Lucy. Subsequent finds there and at Laetoli, Tanzania, led to the naming of a new species: Australopithecus afarensis.
(NG, Nov. 1985, p. 564)
1974 America was producing 125 million tons of trash per year, 7% of it as throwaway bottles and cans.
(Smith., 4/95, p.32)
1974 Libby Dam, a hydroelectric facility in Montana run by the Army Corps of Engineers, was built to serve power markets in the Pacific Northwest. When the dam went up it stopped periodic flooding of Bonners Ferry, Idaho, and the high water flows that triggered local sturgeon to move upriver and spawn.
1974 The Chatooga River between South Carolina and Georgia was designated a National Wild and Scenic River. It carves through the Chattahoochee and Sumter National Forest and was made famous in the 1972 movie "Deliverance."
(Hem, 8/96, p.33)(SFC,1/21/97, p.A20)
1974 Peter Bird and Derek King rowed 4,300 miles for 106 days east-to-west across the Atlantic from Gibraltar to the Caribbean island of Santa Lucia. The wrote of their trip in: "Small Boat Against the Sea." In 1996 he was lost at sea during an attempted crossing of the Pacific.
(SFC, 6/6/96, C1)
1974 The Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG), a multinational body concerned with reducing nuclear proliferation by controlling the export and re-transfer of materials that may be applicable to nuclear weapon development, was founded.
1974 Otis Kaye (b.1885), Michigan born artist, died. He was an American artist during the early 20th century. He was known for trompe l'oeil paintings of US currency, similar to the work of William Harnett before him. In 2009 a study of his 1937 work “D’JIA-VU? (Stock Market) was published under the title “Déjà vu All Over Again: the Riddle of Otis Kaye’s Masterpiece.”
1974 In Australia the flooding of Brisbane led authorities to build the Wivenhoe dam west of the city in the hope of deterring another flood.
(Econ, 1/15/11, p.45)
1974 The Austria National Gallery bought W. de Kooning's "Woman V" (1953) for $850,000.
1974 Rudolf Kirchschlaeger (d.2000 at 85) began serving as president of Austria and continued to 1986.
(SFC, 3/31/00, p.E5)
1974 Bangladesh experienced a famine.
(Econ, 11/3/12, p.23)
1974 Bhutan opened up to limited tourism.
(WSJ, 1/25/00, p.A1)
1974 Hugo Banzer, military dictator of Bolivia, prohibited all political activity.
(SFC, 5/6/02, p.B5)
1974 Brazil introduced the 1st Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) in Curitiba.
(SSFC, 8/7/05, p.A11)
1974 In Brazil Rev. Frederick Birten Morris of the United Methodist Church was arrested. During 16 days in captivity in an army barracks he was beaten and tortured with electric shocks several times before being released and deported. In 2008 Brazil’s Justice Ministry's Amnesty Commission decided to compensate him 285,000 reals (US$154,000) plus a monthly pension of 2,000 reals (US$1,080).
1974 In Brazil a meningitis outbreak killed 4,000 people in a few weeks. 90 million people were soon inoculated by a new vaccine created by the French Merieux laboratory.
(SFC, 1/27/01, p.A24)
1974 England and France agreed to build 16 Concorde airplanes.
(WSJ, 7/26/00, p.A26)
1974 British Labor Party legislator John Stonehouse, a former communications minister who also acted as an informant to the Czechs through the 1960s, faked a suicide, leaving a bundle of his clothes on a beach in Miami. He was discovered less than a month later hiding out in Melbourne, Australia. Papers released in 2010 by the National Archives showed that, after he had been exposed, Britain's government covered up his activities as there was too little evidence to put him on trial.
1974 In Burma Sein Lwin headed the army unit that suppressed demonstrations by students and Buddhist monks in connection with the funeral of former U.N. Secretary General U Thant.
1974 Ta Mok (1926-2006), a Khmer Rouge senior advisor, cleansed Cambodia’s old royal city of Oudong of its 30,000 residents and burned it to the ground.
(Econ, 8/5/06, p.77)
1974 Oil was discovered in Chad.
(WSJ, 6/24/03, p.A9)
1974 In Chile the government created a military intelligence agency that became a rogue elephant responsible for many human abuses. It was disbanded by Gen'l. Pinochet in 1978.
(WSJ, 10/30/98, p.A19)
1974 Ricardo Claro (1934-2008), Chile’s ambassador at large, announced to the world, on behalf of the Pinochet government, that Chile was once again open for business.
(WSJ, 11/8/08, p.A6)
1974 In China Wan Xizhe wrote an anti-government petition and was sent to prison for 14 of the next 19 years for his campaign for democracy and human rights.
(SFC, 4/5/99, p.A9)
1974 In China the Li Yi Zhe manifesto attacked communist privileges and corruption.
(SFC, 11/26/01, p.A17)
1974 Mao launched the “Learn from Dazhai” campaign. The Chinese agricultural settlement at Dazhai was set up as a Communist utopia and peasants were encouraged to plow deep.
(Arch, 9/00, p.37)
1974 In China an ancient terracotta army created by Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor (221-206BC) was discovered by a peasant digging a well. It represented one of the greatest archaeological finds of modern times, and was listed as a World Heritage Site in 1987. Archeologists continued to unearth terracotta figurines from the site into 2012.
1974 Deaths from cancer began to escalate in the village of Dragon Range in the mountains of Central China. Tests in 2000 showed high levels of lead and arsenic from 4 factories in a nearby valley.
(SSFC, 11/11/01, p.F5)
1974 Cyprus was divided into Greek and Turkish sectors with a UN no-man’s land in between. Turkish troops had invaded the island after an Athens-based coup by Greek Cypriots. 1,619 Greek Cypriots were said to be missing following the July, 1974, Turkish invasion.
(SFC, 6/4/96, p.A11)(Econ, 3/13/10, p.64)
1974 Dr. Anastassios Simonidis (d.2000 at 75) was made the honorary consul general of Cyprus.
(SFC, 6/27/00, p.A23)
1974 Antiquities smugglers looted 13th century frescoes from the Ayios Themomianos church in northern Cyprus following the Turkish invasion that split the island into a Turkish-speaking north and a Greek-speaking south. Menil Collection founder Dominique de Menil obtained the frescoes in 1983, and struck an agreement with the Cyprus church to keep and exhibit them in a purpose-built chapel in Houston. The Cyprus church granted the museum a loan extension until Feb. 2012 in recognition of its efforts to reassemble and restore the fragmented frescoes.
1974 In Czechoslovakia the Plastic People of the Universe band secretly recorded its first album: "Egon Bondy's Happy Hearts Club Banned."
(WSJ, 7/22/98, p.A12)(SFEC, 3/7/99, DB p.35)
1974 Soviet and Czech technicians began carrying out what they called “chemical mining” for uranium below the town of Straz pod Ralskem. By 1996 some 4.2 million tons of sulphuric acid and other toxic chemicals were pumped in to leach out the uranium. In 2008 a cleanup firm estimated that the site should be stabilized by 2035.
(Econ, 5/31/08, SR p.11)
1974 Nawal El Saadawi of Egypt authored "God Dies by the Nile," a novel of daughters and wives abused by men consumed with power.
(SFC, 4/14/03, p.D1)
1974 In France the economy slowed following the Arab oil embargo and the policy of recruiting foreign labor ended.
(NG, 5/93, p.110)
1974 In France the Int'l. Energy Agency was formed in Paris to coordinate oil sharing. The US led the formation of the IEA in order to stockpile oil and help offset supply shortages.
(WSJ, 9/13/99, p.R4)(WSJ, 7/28/03, p.A8)
1974 In Greece Andreas Georgios Papandreou founded the Panhellenic Socialist Movement (Pasok).
(SFC, 6/23/96, p.B6)(WSJ, 1/13/04, p.A15)
1974 Melina Mercouri, film actress (Never On Sunday), gave up acting after she was elected to the Greek Parliament as a socialist.
(SFC, 4/1/08, p.B7)
1974 In Guatemala Kjell Eugenio Laugerud (1930-2009) was elected president and continued to 1978. He was elected with the backing of the far-right National Liberation Movement party in elections marred by violence and accusations of fraud.
1974 Guinea-Bissau, a former Portuguese colony, became independent after a decade-long war.
(SFC, 5/15/99, p.A14)(AP, 10/6/03)
1974 In Guyana a small group of pioneers from the Peoples Temple moved to what would become Jamestown after Jim Jones acquired a 25-year lease on 3,853 acres in the Orinoco River basin.
(SFEC, 11/8/98, p.A18)
1974 Iceland completed its first road around the island.
(Econ, 5/29/10, p.84)
1974 Sigurdur Hjartarson began collecting penis memorabilia. In 1997 he opened his Icelandic Phallological Museum in Reykjavik.
(SSFC, 10/19/03, p.C8)(Reuters, 5/16/08)
1974 In India the region of Ladakh opened to the outside world.
1974 Hanan Porat (1944-2011) founded the movement Gush Emunim, Hebrew for "the bloc of the faithful" (1974), a messianic movement committed to settling land Israel captured in the 1967 war.
1974 In Israel the Palestinian Democratic Front took over a school in Maalot and 20 schoolchildren were killed.
(SFEC, 8/8/99, p.A22)
1974 Japan-based Nintendo secured the Japanese distribution rights to the Magnavox Odyssey, the world’s first games console.
(Econ, 12/1/12, p.73)
1974 Petronas, Malaysia’s national oil firm, was given exclusive rights to the nation’s hydrocarbons. Until this year all of Malaysia’s oil was pumped by foreigners.
(Econ, 10/10/09, p.69)
1974 In Malaysia Anwar Ibrahim was detained for 22 months for organizing political opposition groups and for distributing a book by Dr. Mahathir Mohamed.
(WSJ, 10/30/98, p.A11)
1974 In Mexico the first hotel in Cancun opened with 72 rooms.
(SFEC, 5/17/98, p.T10)
1974 In Mozambique the Portuguese secret police (PIDE) ruled with an iron hand from its headquarters in the Villa Algarve in Maputo.
(SFC, 10/14/97, p.A10)
1974 In Northern Ireland Protestant loyalists and trade unionists stopped a power-sharing plan backed by the British government by shutting down power stations.
(SFC, 6/3/98, p.A12)
1974 The Pakistan People’s Party under PM Zulfikar Ali Bhutto passed a constitutional amendment to declare Ahmadis to be ‘non-Muslim’ through a constitutional amendment.
1974 Palestinian terrorist Abu Nidal split from the PLO and was sentenced to death in absentia.
(SFC, 8/25/98, p.A6)(SFC, 1/27/99, p.A7)
1974 In Poland an explosion killed 34 miners at the Czechowice-Dziedzice in Silesia. This was the country’s worst mining accident to date.
1974 The process of decolonization in Portuguese Timor began, following the change of government in Portugal in the wake of the Carnation Revolution.
(SFC, 3/3/98, p.A6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/East_Timor)
1974 The Revolutionary Front for an Independent East Timor (Fretilin) was established.
(SFC, 9/6/01, p.E4)
1974 Under pressure from guerrilla groups Rhodesian PM Ian Smith released all black leaders for peace talks, but the talks failed.
(SFC, 7/2/99, p.D6)
1974 In Senegal Abdoulaye Wade founded the country's first opposition party.
1974 Sikkim lost its Buddhist ruler and was annexed by India. This ended a 330 year dynasty.
(WSJ, 3/6/97, p.A1)
1974 Temasek (Malay for sea town) was founded to hold Singapore’s investments in various businesses. In 2004 it employed 170,000 people under Ho Ching and controlled a fifth of the local stock market. In 2009 Charles Goodyear was named to success Ho Ching, becoming the first foreigner to lead the sovereign wealth fund.
(Econ, 8/14/04, p.65)(Econ, 2/14/09, p.86)
1974 A South Korean ship sank off the southeast coast in stormy weather, killing 159 sailors and coast guard personnel.
1974 In Sweden the giant Kockums crane became the symbol of the city of Malmo. Its last use in Malms in 1997, when it lifted the foundations of the high pillars of the Oresund Bridge. It was dismantled and sent to South Korea in 2002.
(Econ, 2/2/13, SR p.8)
1974 Sweden established a parental leave program for new fathers. When state-subsidized parental leave was introduced this year, women took nearly all of the parental leave. Men would wash dishes and fold the laundry, but child-rearing was considered a female domain. A milestone was crossed in 1995 when the government started earmarking one month of parental leave benefits for each parent. Seven years later it was increased to two months. Then came the equality bonus that further encouraged men to take daddy leave.
(Econ, 1/10/04, p.46)(AP, 10/23/11)
1974 A Spanish census was conducted in Western Sahara.
(SFC, 4/24/98, p.A12)
1974 The documentary film “General Idi Amin (A Self Portrait),” head of Uganda, was produced by Barbet Schroeder.
(WSJ, 9/29/06, p.W4)
1974 UNESCO named Herat as one of the first cities to be designated as a part of the worlds cultural heritage.
1974 Venezuela set up a fund for the future (El Fondo de Inversiones) to help spread its wealth to future generations, but soon began to raid the kitty.
(Econ, 12/24/05, p.46)
1974 In Yugoslavia under Tito a decentralized federal system allowed the Kosovo region to develop its own security, judiciary, defense, foreign relations and social control. Mahmut Bakalli drafted a constitution that gave the region a status equivalent in most respects to the other republics of Yugoslavia.
(SFC, 3/3/98, p.A8)(SFC, 11/11/98, p.A16)(www, Albania, 1998) (SFC, 3/27/99, p.A13)
1974-1978 The average value of a California home rose from $34,000 to $85,000.
(SFC, 5/20/98, p.A10)
1974-1978 In Chile the Villa Grimaldi, a 19th century estate outside of Santiago, was used by the National Intelligence Directorate (DINA) under Gen'l. Manuel Contreras as clandestine detention center. Some 5,000 political prisoners passed through and many suffered inside torture chambers and closet-sized cells near the stables. The main house was used as an administrative center and casino for officers.
(SFC, 7/15/97, p.A12)
1974-1983 A series of bomb attacks and robberies in the US by members of the FALN left 6 people dead and scores injured. 16 separatists who were later arrested for the attacks were granted clemency by Pres. Clinton in 1999.
(USAT, 9/17/99, p.1A)
1974-1990 In 1996 a 5-year Chilean government investigation found that the 16-year dictatorship of General Pinochet killed 3,197 civilians for political reasons. This included 1,102 people who disappeared after being arrested by his security forces. In 2000 a retired air force colonel charged that 500 political dissidents were slain by security forces, and that their bodies were weighted down and tossed into the sea.
(SFC, 8/23/96, p.A20)(SFC, 1/21/98, p.C12)(SFEC, 2/1/98, p.A11) (SFC, 8/4/00, p.D4)
1974-1991 The regime of Col. Mengistu Haile Mariam ruled Ethiopia.
(SFC, 11/6/00, p.A12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mengistu_Haile_Mariam)