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1976 Jan 1, NBC replaced the peacock logo.
1976 Jan 1, In California the Moscone Act, which relaxed marijuana laws, went into effect.
1976 Jan 3, Pres. Gerald Ford signed the American Folklife Preservation Act. San Francisco Folklorist Aaron Green (1917-2009) had lobbied Congress for the passage of the bill.
1976 Jan 4, "Candide" closed at Broadway Theater in NYC after 740 performances.
1976 Jan 6, Ted Turner purchased the Atlanta Braves for reported $12 million.
1976 Jan 7, Eleanor Helin of NASA’s Jet Propulsion Lab. discovered the first near Earth asteroid which she named Aten. The orbits of these asteroids lie mostly inside that of the Earth and could at some date collide with the Earth.
(SFC, 2/1/97, p.A8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eleanor_F._Helin)
1976 Jan 8, Chou En-lai (78), Chinese premier (1949-1976), died in Beijing.
1976 Jan 10, Howlin’ Wolf, blues singer born as Chester Arthur Burnett (b.1910), died. In 2004 James Segrest and Mark Hoffman authored “Moanin’ at Midnight: The Life and Times of Howlin’ Wolf.”
(SSFC, 7/4/04, p.M6)(www.britannica.com)
1976 Jan 12, Dame Agatha Christie (b.1890) (Agatha Mary Clarissa, Lady Mallowan), English mystery writer, died in Wallingford, England. She also wrote romances under the name Mary Westmacott, but is remembered for her 66 mystery novels. Her work with mystery novels, particularly featuring detectives Hercule Poirot or Miss Marple, have given her the title the “Queen of Crime” and made her one of the most important and innovative writers in the development of the mystery novel. Two of her most famous novels might be Murder on the Orient Express (1934) and Death on the Nile (1937).
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agatha_Christie)(SFC,12/26/97, p.C22)(AP, 1/12/98)
1976 Jan 13, Argentina ousted a British envoy in dispute over Falkland Islands War.
1976 Jan 14, "Bionic Woman," with Lindsay Wagner, debuted on ABC (later NBC).
1976 Jan 15, Sara Jane Moore was sentenced to life in prison for her attempt on the life of President Ford in San Francisco.
1976 Jan 17, "I Write the Songs" by Barry Manilow (b.1944) hit #1.
1976 Jan 21, Leonid Brezhnev and Henry Kissinger met to discuss Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (SALT).
1976 Jan 21, The supersonic Concorde jet was put into service by Britain and France.
1976 Jan 22, A PLO bank robbery in Beirut netted a world record $20-50 million.
1976 Jan 23, Paul Robeson (b.1898), black athlete, lawyer, singer, died in Philadelphia. Lloyd L. Brown later wrote the biography "The Young Paul Robeson: On My Journey Now." His granddaughter Susan Robeson in 1981 wrote "The Whole World in His Hands: A Pictorial Biography of Paul Robeson."
(SFC, 3/26/98, p.A26)(WSJ, 4/9/98, p.A21)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Robeson)
1976 Jan 26, The SF Chronicle reported that Mother Jones magazine would debut in Feb. 4 of its 6 editors were from Ramparts magazine. The 25th anniversary issue of Mother Jones was stocked with 124 pages of ads.
(SFC, 1/26/01, WBb p.4)(SFC, 4/19/01, p.B2)
1976 Jan 27, "Laverne & Shirley," a spin-off from "Happy Days," premiered on ABC TV. It starred Penny Marshall as Laverne De Fazio and Cindy Williams as Shirley Feeney. The show ran to 1983.
(SFC, 7/21/99, p.C3)(www.imdb.com/title/tt0074016/)
1976 Jan 30, The play "Streamers” by David Rabe (b.1940) premiered at the Long Wharf Theater in New Haven, Connecticut.
(SFEC, 5/30/99, DB p.37)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Streamers)
1976 Jan 30, George Bush became the 11th director of the CIA replacing William E. Colby. Bush revived the reputation of the organization and left it Jan 20, 1977.
(SFEC, 1/16/00, Par p.2)(http://tinyurl.com/2mm8r9)
1976 Jan 30, The US Supreme Court in Buckley v Valeo upheld a federal law which set limits on campaign contributions and established that campaign contributions is a protected form of expression. The court also ruled candidates can give unlimited amounts of money to their own campaigns.
(Econ, 11/24/12, p.29)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buckley_v._Valeo)
1976 Jan 31, Ernesto Miranda, famous from the Supreme Court ruling on "Miranda Rights," was stabbed to death in Arizona.
1976 Jan, The Federal Hourly Minimum Wage was set at $2.30 an hour.
1976 Jan, In SF Robert Swanson (1947-1999), a Silicon Valley venture capitalist, first met with Herb Boyer, a molecular biologist and co-discoverer of recombinant DNA. The 10 minute appointment extended to a few hours and the 2 men proceeded to found Genentech. Genentech was founded with $10,000 per month funding for R&D with Kleiner Perkins as the largest investor.
(SFC, 5/28/96, p.B1)(SFC, 1/19/98, p.A10)(SFC, 12/7/99, p.D4)(WSJ, 12/14/99, p.A22)
1976 Jan, The entire Picasso exhibit in the Palace of the Popes at Avignon, France, was stolen. This event led the International Foundation for Art Research to form the Art Loss Register. Picasso is the artist listed with the most stolen works.
(WSJ, 12/30/94, A-6)
1976 Feb 1, "Rich Man, Poor Man" mini-series premiered on ABC TV.
1976 Feb 1, In San Francisco over 1,000 people took part in the Continental Walk for Peace and Social Justice led by comedian Dick Gregory and Rev. Ralph D. Abernathy.
(SFC, 1/26/01, WBb p.4)
1976 Feb 1, Werner C. Heisenberg (b.1901), physicist and Nobel Prize winner (1932), died in Germany. In 1993 Thomas Powers authored "Heisenberg’s War," in which he argued that Heisenberg destroyed the German atomic project from within. Niels Bohr later countered the argument with personal documentation.
(SFC, 2/7/02, p.A2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Werner_Heisenberg)
1976 Feb 2, Susan LeFevre (21) escaped from a Michigan prison, where she was serving a 10-year sentence for a heroin conviction. In 2008 she was arrested in San Diego, where she lived as a suburban mother under the name Marie Walsh. In 2009 LeFevre (54) was released from prison in Michigan.
(http://quintessentialprocrastinator.blogspot.com/2008/08/susan-lefevre.html)(SFC, 5/19/09, p.A5)
1976 Feb 3, In Nigeria Gen. Murtala Ramat Muhammed (1938-1976) proclaimed Abuja as the new federal capital. It was founded to replace Lagos and became the official capital in 1991.
(SFC, 11/23/06, p.A28)(www.datelineafrica.org/stories/200802130370.html)
1976 Feb 4, The Winter Olympics opened in Innsbruck, Austria. Ice dancing joined the program for the 1st time.
(StuAus, April '95, p.95)(SSFC, 2/17/02, p.A19)
1976 Feb 4, A 7.9 earthquake hit Guatemala and Honduras. Some 23,000 Guatemalans, mostly Mayan Indians, were killed. It destroyed 58,000 houses in the capital and 300 villages.
(NG, 6/1988, p.785,797)(SFEM, 6/13/99, p.8)(AP, 2/4/01)
1976 Feb 6, Vince Guaraldi (b.1928), jazz pianist, died in Menlo Park, Ca. He wrote "Cast Your Fate to the Wind" and composed for the Charley Schulz "Peanuts" cartoon specials.
(SFEC, 10/18/98, DB p.44)(www.imdb.com/name/nm0345279/)
1976 Feb 11, Lee J. Cobb (b.1911), actor (12 Angry Men, On the Waterfront), died.
1976 Feb 12, Sal Mineo (b.1939), American film and theater actor, was stabbed to death in Los Angeles while coming home from a play rehearsal.
(SFEC, 3/16/97, Z1 p.4)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sal_Mineo)
1976 Feb 13, Lily Pons (b.1898), French, US soprano, opera diva (Met Opera), died.
1976 Feb 13, In Nigeria Gen'l. Muhammad in the ruling junta was killed in a coup attempt and his deputy, Gen'l. Olusegun Obasanjo, was named president.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Olusegun_Obasanjo)(SFC, 2/22/99, p.A10)(SFC, 3/2/99, p.A8)
1976 Feb 15, In Los Angeles Elizabeth McKeown (67) was beaten, raped and strangled. A young homicide detective found her body 3 days later in a car trunk. In 2009 John Floyd Thomas Jr. (72), an insurance claims adjuster, was arrested based on DNA evidence. A series of attacks stopped in 1978, the year Thomas went to prison for the rape of a Pasadena woman.
(AP, 5/1/09)(SFC, 9/24/09, p.D3)
1976 Feb 18, Pres. Gerald Ford signed an executive order prohibiting US officials from plotting or engaging in political assassination. The order was later broadened by Presidents Carter and Reagan. Ford issued Executive Order 11905 to clarify U.S. foreign-intelligence activities. In a section of the order labeled "Restrictions on Intelligence Activities," Ford concisely but explicitly outlawed political assassination. It became effective on March 1.
1976 Feb 18, The Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) issued a manifesto to secede from Ethiopia.
(www.abugidainfo.com/?p=3393)(http://tinyurl.com/2j2pxf)(SFC, 6/24/99, p.A14)
1976 Feb 19, Rick Stevens, lead vocalist of the Tower of Power, was arrested in San Jose, Ca., for his roll in a triple slaying after a drug deal went awry. Stevens spent 36 years behind bars before he was released on parole.
(SFC, 1/29/13, p.E1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1976_in_music)
1976 Feb 19, Britain slashed welfare spending.
1976 Feb 20, Kathryn Kuhlman (b.1907), American religious leader and faith healer, died in Tulsa, Oklahoma.
1976 Feb 22, Sandra Camille found her husband, David Stegall, a Dallas dentist, dead with slashed wrists and a bullet in the left temple. Sandra collected insurance and re-married 2 years later to Bobby Bridewell, who died of cancer 2 years later. After 2 more years Sandra married Alan Rehrig (29). He was found shot dead in 1985, and Sandra again collected insurance. Sandra embarked on a series of frauds and in 2007 at age 62 was held in North Carolina pending investigations into her past.
(SFC, 7/6/07, p.B9)
1976 Feb 24, Republican Gerald Ford won the New Hampshire primary over Ronald Reagan 50.1 to 48.6%. Democrat Jimmie Carter won over Mo Udall and Birch Bayh 28.7 to 23 to 15.3%.
(SSFC, 1/25/04, p.A19)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Hampshire_primary)
1976 Feb 24, H. Allen Smith (b.1907), author, TV host (Armchair Detective), died.
1976 Feb 24, Cuba's revised socialist constitution went into effect. It defined the Communist Party as the “directing force of society and the state.” Article 88 of this year’s Cuban Constitution said any citizen who collects the signatures of at least 10,000 registered voters can petition the National Assembly for a referendum on any subject.
(http://usgovinfo.about.com/library/news/aa041300a.htm)(WSJ, 5/13/02, p.A1)(Econ, 3/24/12, SR p.10)
1976 Feb 25, The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that states may ban the hiring of illegal aliens.
1976 Feb 26, US performed a nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.
1976 Feb 27, The final meeting between Mao tse Tung and Richard Nixon took place.
1976 Feb, Swine flu broke out at a US Army base in New Jersey. Pres. Ford announced a National Swine Flu Immunization Program a month after the virus was identified. In 1982 Richard E. Neustadt and Harvey V. Fineberg authored “The Epidemic That Never Was.”
(WSJ, 11/28/05, p.B1)
1976 Mar 1, The US Intelligence Oversight Board was created as part of Pres. Ford’s Feb 18 Executive Order 11905. It was made up of private citizens and designed to ferret out illegal spying activities. In 2008 Pres George W. Bush issued an executive order that stripped the board of much of its authority.
(SSFC, 3/16/08, p.A4)
1976 Mar 1, The Maze Prison opened in Northern Ireland. Its 8 H-shaped blocks were designed to hold 800 prisoners. It closed in 2000.
(SFEC, 10/1/00, p.D14)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maze_(HM_Prison))
1976 Mar 2, The musical revue Bubbling Brown Sugar" opened at ANTA Theater in NYC for 766 performances.
1976 Mar 2, Bob Lurie (b.1929), real estate magnate, led a group to acquire ownership of the San Francisco Giants baseball club. Lurie closed the $8-million transaction with Arizona cattleman Arthur "Bud" Herseth as his 50-50 partner.
1976 Mar 3, Pierre Moliniere (b.1900), French artist and photographer, shot himself to death rather than face prostate surgery and a reduced sex life.
(WSJ, 11/22/96, p.A14)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pierre_Molinier)
1976 Mar 3, Mozambique closed its border with Rhodesia (Zimbabwe).
1976 Mar 4, Pan Am was the first airline charged with criminal negligence in a crash.
1976 Mar 5, The British pound fell below the equivalent of $2 for the first time.
1976 Mar 5, Britain gave up on the Ulster talks and decided to retain rule in Northern Ireland indefinitely.
1976 Mar 9, A ski cable car, running from Cavalese to the Alpe Cermis in the Italian Alps, crashed to the ground due to a mechanical failure and killed 42 skiers.
1976 Mar 13, In California a jury convicted 4 Black Muslims for 3 murders and 4 assaults out of a total of 23 Bay Area crimes that included 14 murders. Jessie Lee Cooks, Larry Craig Green, Manuel Moore and J.C.X. Simon were given life sentences.
(SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W22)
1976 Mar 14, Busby Berkeley (b.1895), US film director and choreographer, died.
1976 Mar 16, British PM Harold Wilson announced his resignation in London. He was succeeded in April by home secretary James Callaghan (1912-2005).
(HN, 3/16/98)(SFC, 5/4/02, p.A21)(Econ, 3/18/06, p.11)
1976 Mar 19, Buckingham Palace announced the separation of Princess Margaret and her husband, the Earl of Snowdon, after 16 years of marriage.
1976 Mar 20, Newspaper heiress Patricia Hearst was convicted of armed robbery for use of a firearm in the San Francisco Hibernia Bank holdup. In Sept she was sentenced to 7 years in prison.
(AP, 3/20/97)(HN, 3/20/98)(SFC, 2/4/99, p.A8)
1976 Mar 23, The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, adopted in 1948, went into effect three months after the 35th nation ratified it.
1976 Mar 24, In Argentina the military overthrew the government of Isabel Peron. Gen. Jorge Rafael Videla led the military coup. Jose Siderman, a Jewish businessman, was forced with death threats to leave the country. He filed suit in the US in 1982 in the first trial of a foreign government for human-rights abuses and won a default settlement. Argentina won a reversal in an appeals court but in 1996 Argentina dropped opposition to the suit.
(SFC, 9/14/96, p.A9)(AP, 3/23/97)(SFC, 6/10/98, p.A10)
1976 Mar 24, Emilio Eduardo Massera (1925-2010), Argentine military officer, was a leading participant in the argentine coup d'état. After the end of the dictatorship in 1983, he was tried for human rights violations and sentenced to life imprisonment and the loss of his military grade. On December 29, 1990, he was pardoned by then-President Carlos Menem. In 1998 Massera was arrested for his role in stealing babies from killed leftists during the “dirty war” (1976-1983) In 1999 former Pres. And Gen'l. Reynaldo Bignone was also arrested for his role in the baby thefts. In 2000 retired Gen. Juan Sasiain was arrested for his role.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emilio_Eduardo_Massera)(WSJ, 11/25/98, p.A1)(SFC, 1/21/99, p.A14)(SFC, 3/17/00, p.D2)
1976 Mar 24, Argentine Sen. Guillermo Vargas Aignasse disappeared on the day of a military coup. In 2008 an Argentine court convicted retired Gens. Antonio Bussi and Luciano Menendez for the murder of the senator and sentenced them to life in prison. They were found guilty of kidnapping, torturing and murdering.
1976 Mar 24, Bernard Law Montgomery (b.1887), British general, defeated Rommel, died.
1976 Mar 26, Paul McCartney and Wings released "Wings at the Speed of Sound" album.
1976 Mar 26, In 2006 an NSA transcript from this day indicated that US Sec. of State Henry Kissinger was informed in the meeting by then-Assistant Secretary for Latin America William D. Rogers, that if the Argentine military regime succeeded (March 24 coup), it would make a "considerable effort to involve the United States — particularly in the financial field." Kissinger, the NSA's transcript further stated, responded, "Yes, but that is in our interest."
1976 Mar 27, In Washington DC the first 4.6 miles of track for the Washington Metro was completed. The Gallery Place metro station opened. Harry Weese (d.1998) Associates of Chicago did the design work. By 2012 Metrorail had 106.3 miles of track.
(SFC, 11/4/98, p.C7)(WSJ, 12/16/98, p.B12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Washington_Metro)
1976 Mar 30, Israel killed 6 Palestinians protesting land confiscation.
1976 Mar 31, The New Jersey Supreme Court allowed the removal of the respirator that assisted Karen Ann Quinlan, who had been comatose since Apr 15, 1975. Quinlan, who remained comatose, died Jul 11, 1985.
(SFC, 12/12/96, p.C8)(AP, 3/30/97)
1976 Apr 1, Stephen Wozniak and Steven Jobs founded Apple Computer. They incorporated Jan 3, 1977.
1976 Apr 1, Max Ernst (b.1891), German-French surrealist painter, sculptor, died in Paris.
1976 Apr 1, Pakistan’s PM Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto appointed Zia-ul-Haq as Chief of Army Staff, ahead of a number of more senior officers.
1976 Apr 5, Tom Stoppard's "Dirty Linen," premiered in London.
1976 Apr 5, Reclusive billionaire Howard Hughes died in Houston at age 72. In 1993 Charles Higham authored “Howard Hughes: The Secret Life.” In 1996 Peter Harry Brown and Pat H. Broeske authored "Howard Hughes: The Untold Story." Hughes had hired a coterie of Mormons to take care of his confidential business. These included Frank William Gay (1920-2007), who led Hughes’ Summa Corp. from 1970-1978.
(AP, 4/5/97)(SFC, 10/21/00, p.A24)(WSJ, 5/26/07, p.A6)
1976 Apr 5, James Callaghan became PM of England. He served until May 4, 1979.
1976 Apr 7, Robert A. Swanson (d.1999 at 52), a venture capitalist, and Herb Boyer, a UCSF molecular biologist and co-discoverer of gene-splicing in 1973, incorporated Genentech Inc. They planned to use gene splicing to create a genre of medicines.
(SFC, 5/28/96, p.B1)(SFC, 1/19/98, p.A10)(SSFC, 4/1/01, p.B1)
1976 Apr 7, China's leadership deposed Deputy Prime Minister Deng Xiaoping and appointed Hua Kuo-feng (Guofeng) prime minister and first deputy chairman of the Communist Party.
1976 Apr 9, Phil Ochs (b.1940), American protest singer and musician, committed suicide.
1976 Apr 9, Vega Ceballos had been detained in Buenos Aires, along with his pregnant Argentine wife Laura Gladis Romero. His body was ashore later in the year off the coast of Uruguay, but was not identified until 2012. Her body has never been found. Grandmothers of the Plaza de Mayo later believed she was among hundreds of dissidents killed after giving birth in captivity, and whose babies were raised by military or police families.
1976 Apr 11, In Cambodia Khmer Rouge leader Khieu Samphan (b.1931) succeeded Prince Sihanouk as premier. In 1979 he was succeeded by Heng Samrin.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Khieu_Samphan)(Econ, 1/12/08, p.52)
1976 Apr 13, The US Federal Reserve began issuing $2 bicentennial notes. The last $2 series was discontinued in 1966 after low production and the concomitant unpopularity of the bill resulted in insufficient use.
1976 Apr 13, In Morocco Abdennaceur Bnouhachem's work as a left-wing student activist came to an abrupt end when plain clothed security officers cornered him in the street and bundled him into an unmarked van. He was tortured and spent 9 years in prison. Years later he was awarded 1 million dirhams ($114,500) for his ordeal, but said the money will not erase his memories.
1976 Apr 14, In San Francisco a bomb exploded at 1 California St. on the 17th floor of the Mutual Benefit Life Building. The Red Guerrilla Family was suspected.
(SFC, 4/13/01, WBb p.3)
1976 Apr 15, Gerald L.K. Smith (b.1898), a leader of the “Share Our Wealth” movement and founder of the America First Party (1943), died in Arkansas.
1976 Apr 15 In Argentina Floreal Avellaneda (14), the son of a Communist trade union leader of Greater Buenos Aires, was kidnapped from his house with his mother, by an Army contingent looking for his father. On May 14, 1976, Floreal’s corpse was found on the coast of Montevideo, Uruguay, hands and feet bound and with signs of torture. Iris Pereyra, the boy’s mother, was released after three years. In 2009 former general Santiago Omar Riveros (86) and 4 others were found guilty of involvement in the boy’s murder.
1976 Apr 21, Full-scale testing of the swine flu vaccine began in Washington, D.C.
1976 Apr 22, Director Ingmar Bergman (1918-2007) actress Bibi Anderson announced they were leaving Sweden because of harassment by Swedish tax officials.
1976 Apr 26, Pan Am began non-stop flights between NYC and Tokyo.
1976 Apr 27, Jimmy Carter clinched the Democratic presidential nomination by beating Henry “Scoop” Jackson and Morris Udall in the Pennsylvania primary.
(www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/carter/timeline/index.html)(Econ, 4/12/08, p.31)
1976 May 1, Kawika Kapahulehua (d.2007 at 76), leading a 15-man crew on a double-hulled canoe with sails, departed Hawaii to Tahiti. Organizer and anthropologist Ben Finney wanted to prove the trip was possible. They reached Tahiti after 34 days despite issues of ethnicity raised by part of the crew. Mau Piailug (1932-2010), Micronesian master navigator, steered the Hokule’a (Star of Gladness) by the stars, the feel of the wind and the look of the sea.
(SFC, 5/28/07, p.D3)(Econ, 7/24/10, p.84)
1976 May 1, Alexandros Panagoulis (b.1939), Greek politician and poet, died in a car crash possibly rigged by his enemies. He became famous for his attempt to assassinate dictator George Papadopoulos on 13 August 1968, and also for the torture that he was subjected to during his detention.
1976 May 4, Australian PM Malcolm Fraser announced that "Waltzing Matilda" would serve as his country's national anthem at the upcoming Olympic Games.
1976 May 5, In Sri Lanka the TNT was renamed the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), commonly known as Tigers.
1976 May 6, An earthquake struck Italy’s northern region at Friuli-Venezia Giulia, affecting 11 villages near the Austrian and Yugoslav borders. The earthquake killed more than 1,000 people in a 3,300-square-mile area and left 80,000 homeless.
(http://tinyurl.com/dvzp6)(SFC, 12/17/05, p.F1)
1976 May 8, San Francisco city craft workers agreed to end their 38-day strike. City supervisors agreed to take Propositions E and K off the June ballot.
(SFC, 5/4/01, WBb p.3)
1976 May 8, San Francisco Supervisor Richard Hongisto was slapped with a DUI by a Marin County judge. His sentence included a $784 fine and a 90-day driving restriction. A breath test measured his blood-alcohol level at .11, just abort the .10 limit.
(SSFC, 5/8/11, DB p.46)
1976 May 8, McKendree Robbins Long (b.1888), Southern gothic painter and evangelical preacher, died in North Carolina. His work included: "Apocalyptic Scene With Philosophers and Historical Figures," and "The Fifth Angel Opens the Bottomless Pit."
(SFC, 7/6/02, p.D6)(www.tfaoi.com/aa/3aa/3aa457.htm)
1976 May 9, Harvey Fite, professor of art at Bard College, died in Saugerties, NY, while working on his multi-acre Opus 40 landscape sculpture. In 2010 the 37-year project was listed for sale for $3.5 million.
(SFC, 3/22/10, p.A4)
1976 May 9, Ulrike Meinhof (b.1934), co-leader of the Baader-Meinhof gang, committed suicide in German prison.
(SFC, 1/10/01, p.A8)(WSJ, 4/3/09, p.A15)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ulrike_Meinhof)
1976 May 11, Alvar Aalto (b.1898), Finnish architect, died. A show in 1998 featured his work and an accompanying book was published that covered his Nordic classicism of the 1920s to the completion of his Finlandia Hall in Helsinki in 1971.
(WSJ, 7/28/00, p.W11C)(www.imdb.com/name/nm2043227/bio)
1976 May 13, In game 6 the NY Nets beat the Denver Nuggets in 9th & final American Basketball Association (ABA) championship, 4 games to 2.
1976 May 14, In Sri Lanka the Tamil United Liberation Front adopted the Vaddukkoaddai Resolution declaring the Tamils’ right to statehood.
(Econ, 1/23/10, p.41)(www.tamilnet.com/art.html?catid=74&artid=8861)
1976 May 15, Samuel Eliot Morison (b.1887), US historian (Admiral of Ocean Sea), died.
1976 May 18, In San Francisco the Bay View Federal Savings and Loan agreed to yield to the demands of the New World Liberation Front that it remove 4 dilapidated buildings it owned on Capp St. in exchange for removal from a bombing list.
(SFC, 5/18/01, p.WBb5)
1976 May 18, In San Francisco Jenny Read (29), an artist and sculptor, was raped and killed at her Potrero Hill home. She was stabbed 13 times. In 2013 DNA evidence led to the conviction of James Mayfield (67) for her murder.
(SFC, 10/11/13, p.D8)
1976 May 18, Zelmar Michelini and Hector Gutierrez, prominent Uruguayan lawmakers, were seized from their homes in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Their bullet-riddled bodies were found days later along with those of suspected rebels suspected guerrillas William Whitelaw and Rosario Barredo.
1976 May 19, The US Senate established congressional oversight over the CIA with the permanent Select Committee on Intelligence (SSCI).
(SFC, 9/17/97, p.A3)(http://tinyurl.com/3cc2yh)
1976 May 19, In San Francisco Jenny Read (b.1945), an Episcopal sculptor, was raped and murdered while working on a sculpture of St. John of the Cross in Potrero Hill. In 2009 police using DNA evidence arrested and charged James Lee Mayfield (63), a registered sex offender with her murder.
(SFC, 6/18/04, p.F4)(SFC, 8/11/09, p.C1)
1976 May 21, A bus on I-680 in California crashed after crossing the Benicia-Martinez Bridge, plunged 21 feet, and rolled upside down. 28 Yuba City High School students and one adult were killed. There were 22 survivors.
(SFC, 5/20/96, p.A-20)
1976 May 24, The SF Chronicle published the 1st installment of "Tales of the City" by Armistead Maupin (b.1944). The series continued in the Chronicle until 1983 and was serialized in the Examiner in 1986.
(SFC, 5/1/01, p.A1)(SSFC, 5/8/11, p.A13)
1976 May 24, Britain and France opened trans-Atlantic Concorde service to Washington. This was the 1st commercial supersonic transport (SST).
1976 May 24, In France 2 California wines won a tasting event over several French classics for the 1st time. Stephen Spurrier, English owner of a wine shop and wine school in Paris, held a competition tasting of French and American wines. The best white wine was a 1973 Napa Valley Chardonnay from Chateau Montelena, owned by Jim Barrett (1926-2013). The best red wine was a 1973 Cabernet Sauvignon from Stag’s Leap Wine Cellars. Winemaker Miljenko Grgich created the Napa Chardonnay that beat French wines in the legendary Paris Tasting. In 2005 George M. Taber authored “Judgement of Paris,” an account of the 1976 tasting.
(SFC, 5/29/96, ZZ1 p.4)(SSFC, 1/21/01, p.T8)(WSJ, 5/24/01, p.A20)(SFC, 6/16/05, p.F4)(SSFC, 2/17/13, p.C2)
1976 May 25, US Representative Wayne L. Hays (Democrat, Ohio) admitted to a "personal relationship" with Elizabeth Ray, a committee staff member who claimed she’d received her job in order to be Hays’ mistress.
1976 May 26, Martin Heidegger (b.1889), German philosopher (Holzweg), died.
1976 May 28, Pres. Ford signed the Medical Device Amendments which established a product approval process overseen by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) with the authority to regulate medical devices. Sales of silicone breast implants, already on the market, were allowed to continue without proof of safety.
(WSJ, 4/9/96, p.B-1)(SFC, 4/13/98, p.A8)(WSJ, 4/13/05, p.A3)
1976 May 31, Martha Mitchell, the estranged wife of former Attorney General John N. Mitchell, died in New York.
1976 May, In Argentina Monica Mignone (24) was arrested at her family home and never seen again. Her father Emilio Mignone (d.1998), founding rector of a university in Lujon, became a leader of the Permanent Assembly for Human Rights. He also founded the Center for Legal and Social Studies. He wrote "Dictatorship and the Church," in which he criticized the inaction of the church during the "dirty war."
(SFC, 12/26/98, p.A23)
1976 Jun 2, Gen’l. Juan Jose Torres (b.1920), ousted as president of Bolivia in 1971, was kidnapped by a death squad in Argentina and killed. He was a victim of the Condor Plan, a South American military pact between Argentina, Brazil, Bolivia, Chile and Paraguay to exchange intelligence information and help each other hunt down suspected leftists.
(SFC, 11/23/99, p.A16)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juan_Jos%C3%A9_Torres)
1976 Jun 2, Great-Britain & Iceland terminated their codfish war. It was agreed that only 24 British vessels would be allowed in the 200 mile zone and four conservation areas would be completely closed to the British.
1976 Jun 2, Alan Dewitt (b.1921), film and TV actor, died.
1976 Jun 3, Britain presented to the US the oldest known copy of the Magna Carta.
1976 Jun 5, The Teton Dam in Idaho burst catastrophically and water blasted through a narrow canyon and onto Sugar City. It released nearly 300,000 acre feet of water, then flooded farmland and towns downstream with the eventual loss of 14 lives, directly or indirectly, and with a cost estimated to be nearly $1 billion.
1976 Jun 6, Jean Paul Getty (b.1892), US oil magnate, billionaire, died. He left $1.2 billion as an endowment for a museum and art activities around the world.
(SFC, 7/15/96, p.D2)(http://wapedia.mobi/en/J._Paul_Getty)
1976 Jun 9, James A. Farley (b.1888), US Postmaster General (1932-1940), died.
1976 Jun 12, In Uruguay the military ousted Pres. Juan Maria Bordaberry (b.1928). Uruguay remained under the control of a right-wing dictatorship until 1985. In 2006 Bordaberry was arrested for the murder of opposition leaders in 1976.
(AP, 11/16/06)(http://tinyurl.com/yczxw5)(Econ, 12/16/06, p.38)
1976 Jun 13, Don Bolles, Arizona Republic investigative reporter, died as a result of injuries suffered when a bomb blew up his car 11 days earlier. He had been working on an alleged Mafia story at the time of his death.
1976 Jun 16, U.S. Ambassador Francis E. Meloy, Jr. (b.1917) was murdered along with his associate Robert Waring, an American economic advisor. The two had been en route to a meeting with Lebanese president-elect Elias Sarkis when they were abducted by Muslim guerillas in Beirut.
1976 Jun 16, In South Africa white police gunned down teenagers Hector Pieterson and Hastings Ndhlovu and caused a nationwide riot that left 700 people dead. Students at Morris Isacson High School in Soweto had marched to protest a new rule that called for Afrikaans as the medium of instruction.
(SFC, 6/15/96, p.C12)(USAT, 7/9/04, p.10D)
1976 Jun 18, Scientist confirmed Einstein’s equivalence principle in the experiment called Gravity Probe A. They confirmed that clocks in gravitational fields of differing strengths do not keep the same time.
(NH, 3/05, p.55)
1976 Jun 19, Bette Midler's concert at the Cleveland Music Hall became HBO's premiere "Standing Room Only" presentation.
1976 Jun 19, The US Viking 1 went into Martian orbit after a 10-month flight from earth.
1976 Jun 25, Imogen Cunningham, photographer, died at age 93.
(SFC, 6/22/01, WBb p.8)
1976 Jun 25, John Herndon Mercer [Johnny Mercer] (b.1909), songwriter, died. He was buried in Boneventure Cemetery in Savannah, Ga. In 2004 Gene Lees authored the biography “Portrait of Johnny.”
(SFEC,11/30/97, p.T5)(HN, 11/18/00)(WSJ, 11/26/04, p.W4)
1976 Jun 26, The CN Tower in Toronto, at this time the world’s tallest free-standing structure (553 meters), opened to the public.
1976 Jun 27, An Air France Airbus flight AF139, from Tel Aviv to Paris, was hijacked shortly after departing Athens and taken to Uganda.
1976 Jun 28, The first women entered the U.S. Air Force Academy.
1976 Jun, US ambassador Robert C. Hill cautioned Argentina’s new government over wholesale violations of human rights. Sec. of State Henry Kissinger responded: “In what way is it compatible with my policy?”
(SFC, 10/1/04, p.A18)(www.nytimes.com/2004/10/01/politics/01kissinger.html)
1976 Jul 2, The US Supreme Court ruled to allow states to resume capital punishment. The Supreme Court ruled the death penalty was not inherently cruel or unusual.
(SFC, 1/9/97, p.A4)(AP, 7/2/97)
1976 Jul 2, North and South Vietnam were officially reunified.
1976 Jul 3, Shane Lynch, Irish singer (Boyzone), was born in Dublin, Ireland.
1976 Jul 3, Israel launched its daring mission to rescue 103 passengers and Air France crew members being held at Entebbe Airport in Uganda by pro-Palestinian hijackers.
1976 Jul 4, The nation held a 200th anniversary party across the land in celebration of America's 200 years of independence. President Ford made stops in Valley Forge, Pennsylvania, Independence Hall in Philadelphia, and New York, where more than 200 ships paraded up the Hudson River in Operation Sail.
(TMC, 1994, p.1976)(IB, 12/7/98)(AP, 7/4/01)
1976 Jul 4, The National Museum of American Jewish History opened in Philadelphia. It was established to tell the story of the American Jewish experience.
(SFC, 7/3/08, p.E15)(www.ushistory.org/tour/tour_jewish.htm)
1976 Jul 4, The Ramones, a US punk rock group managed by Danny Fields and Linda Stein (1945-2007), held a concert in England that sparked the young British punk scene.
(SFC, 11/2/07, p.E2)
1976 Jul 4, Jonathan Netanyahu, brother of Benjamin, led and was killed in an Israeli raid called Operation Thunderball that rescued the  hostages held at Entebbe Airport in Uganda. The raid was by Sayeret Matkal, Israel’s elite counter-terrorist unit led by Muki Betser, and it freed all but 3 of the 104 Israeli and Jewish hostages and crew of an Air France jetliner seized by pro-Palestinian hijackers. A total of 45 Ugandan soldiers were killed during the raid. The events are described by Muki Betser and Robert Rosenberg in "Secret Soldier, The True Life of Israel’s Greatest Commando." The hijacking was linked to Carlos the Jackal, aka Ilich Ramirez Sanchez.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Entebbe)(AP, 7/4/97)(SFC,12/11/97, p.C2)
1976 Jul 5, In SF the body of Wanda Baun (19), a prostitute, was found dead. She had been stabbed over 50 times. In 2007 Darrell Sweigart was convicted of 2nd degree murder after DNA evidence linked to the murder. He was already serving a 25 year to life sentence for rape and robbery.
(SFC, 7/4/07, p.B3)
1976 Jul 6, US Naval Academy admitted women for the first time in its history with the induction of 81 female midshipmen.
1976 Jul 7, The US 94th Congress amended the Flag Code.
(SFC, 6/14/11, p.E6)(http://uscode.house.gov/download/pls/04C1.txt)
1976 Jul 7, The 1st female cadets enrolled at the West Point Military Academy in NY. West Point Military Academy admitted 119 women out of a class of 1367. Four years later 62 women graduated.
(www.history.com/this-day-in-history.do?action=Article&id=5159)(SFEC, 2/16/97, p.A12)
1976 Jul 8, A volcano erupted on Guadeloupe and frightened the capital, Basse-Terre. A phreatic eruption of the Soufriere volcano cracked open the summit dome
1976 Jul 9, Uganda asked UN to condemn Israeli hostage rescue raid on Entebbe.
1976 Jul 10, There was an explosion at a factory in Seveso, Lombardy, Italy, owned by ICMESA with a Swiss parent company. It produced a cloud of Dioxin which settled over several adjacent communities. The people exposed became nauseated, experienced eye and throat irritations, developed burn-like sores on exposed skin, headaches, dizziness and diarrhea -- the same symptoms recorded by exposed Vietnamese and Cambodian populations. In the next two days, small animals in the area began to die. The contamination led to a high incidence of birth defects.
1976 Jul 12, Edward Charles Allaway, a campus janitor, killed 7 people in a library at California State Univ. at Fullerton. He was found not guilty by reason of insanity and was confined at a state mental hospital.
(SFC, 12/22/01, p.A5)(www.spock.com/Edward-Charles-Allaway)
1976 Jul 13, The Green Peace 500-ton James Bay, a converted Canadian minesweeper, set out from the SF Bay to thwart Japanese and Russian whale hunters in Hawaiian water.
(SFC, 7/13/01, WBb p.6)
1976 Jul 14, Jimmy Carter won the Democratic presidential nomination by an overwhelming margin at the party's convention in New York City.
1976 Jul 14, Canada abolished the death penalty.
1976 Jul 14, Carmelo Soria (b.1921), a Spanish UN official in Chile, was abducted. His corpse found two days later in a car sunk in the Canal del Carmen in the Piramide sector of Santiago de Chile. He was assassinated by Chile's DINA agents as a part of Operation Condor. Soria was first detained in the Vía Naranja house in the sector of Lo Curro, shared by DINA agent Michael Townley.
1976 Jul 15, 4:15 p.m. School Children in Chowchilla, CA. were kidnapped by 3 young men, Richard (22) and James Schoenfeld (24) and Newhall Woods (24). The 26 children were herded into a moving van that was buried in a quarry near Livermore, Ca. and held for $5 million ransom. The children escaped after 16 hours and their captors were captured within 2 weeks. The men were sentenced to life in prison. Richard Schoenfeld turned himself in after 6 days. James was captured in Menlo Park and Woods was captured in Vancouver.
(SFC, 7/14/96, zone 1 p.1)(AP, 7/15/97)(SFC, 12/3/98, p.A30)
1976 Jul 15, Indonesia passed a law providing for annexation of East Timor, which the President of Indonesia signed on 17 July. East Timor became the 27th province of the Republic of Indonesia. The act was not recognized by the UN.
(G&M, 1/31/96, p.A-9)(www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/war/timor-bkg.htm)
1976 Jul 16, In the "Spaggiari Affair," a heist masterminded by Albert Spaggiari (1932-1989), a gang tunneled into the vault of a branch of Societe Generale in Nice during a public holiday, spent two days and two nights there and made off with about 24 million euros (21 million pounds) worth of cash and valuables. The heist spawned several books and movies.
1976 Jul 17, The Summer Olympics opened in Montreal. In 1998 it was revealed that 143 members of the East German team had taken performance-enhancing drugs.
(WSJ, 7/15/96, p.B1)(WSJ, 10/21/98, p.A1)
1976 Jul 18, In Argentina Dios Murias (b.1945), a Franciscan friar, was kidnapped by federal police along with French priest Gabriel Longueville. Murias was shut inside the El Chamical air base and two days later was found lying in the middle of a field dead, with his eyes gouged out and his hands cut off.
(SSFC, 3/24/13, p.A4)(http://tinyurl.com/b7vp9v5)
1976 Jul 20, Hank Aaron hit his 755th and final home run off the California Angels' Dick Drago at Milwaukee County Stadium.
1976 Jul 20, US Air Force Brigadier General Harry Aderholt lowered the American flag for the last time at Military Assistance Command Thailand headquarters on Bangkok’s Sathorn Road.
1976 Jul 20, The Viking I robot spacecraft made a successful, first-ever landing on Mars and began taking soil samples.
(AP, 7/20/97)(HN, 7/20/98)
1976 Jul 21, "Legionnaire's Disease" struck in Philadelphia, Pa. 29 people died from the disease. The disease was first identified after an outbreak at the Bellevue Stratford Hotel in Philadelphia. It was identified as Legionella pneumophila and found to infest water systems in general and the hotel ventilation system in this case.
(OGA, 11/24/98)(SFC, 4/13/96, p.A-17)
1976 Jul 23, Mario Soares (b.1924) became Prime Minister of Portugal.
(SFC, 4/19/00, p.A10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/M%C3%A1rio_Soares)
1976 Jul 25, Edwin Moses (b.1955), American track star, won an Olympic Gold Medal In Montreal in the 400-meter hurdles.
1976 Jul 27, John Lennon was granted a green card for permanent residence in US.
1976 Jul 27, Air Force veteran Ray Brennan became the first person to die of so-called "Legionnaire’s Disease" following an American Legion convention in Philadelphia.
1976 Jul 27, Kakuei Tanaka, former PM (1972-1974) of Japan, was arrested for accepting a bribe from the US Lockheed Corp. Tanaka was convicted in 1983 but continued to fight the charges. A. Carl Kotchian (d.2008 at 94), a Lockheed salesman, had testified that Lockheed had paid $12.6 million in bribes to Japanese businessmen and government officials.
(www.international.ucla.edu/eas/restricted/lockheed.htm)(Jap. Enc., BLDM, p. 216)(SFC, 12/24/08, p.B7)
1976 Jul 28, Eldon Joersz set a world air speed record of 3,530 kph near Beale AFB in California.
1976 Jul 28, In China a 7.8-8.2 earthquake in the northern city of Tangshan killed at least 242,000 people, according to an official estimate.
(AP, 7/28/97)(SFC, 1/8/00, p.A8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tangshan_earthquake)
1976 Jul 31, "Sugar" Ray Charles Leonard (b.1956), American boxer, won an Olympic gold medal in Montreal.
1976 Jul, China completed the construction of a railway between Tanzania and Zambia.
(Econ, 2/7/04, p.45)(www.fmprc.gov.cn/eng/ziliao/3602/3604/t18009.htm)
1976 Aug 1, Liz Taylor had her 6th divorce when she re-divorced Richard Burton.
1976 Aug 1, Trinidad & Tobago became a republic.
1976 Aug 2, Fritz Lang (b.1890), Austrian-born, German and American film director, died in Beverly Hills. His work included "Metropolis," "M," and "The Big Heat."
(WSJ, 4/3/00, p.A46)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fritz_Lang)
1976 Aug 3, Valeri Sablin, Soviet Navy officer, was executed for mutiny. He was a character in the 1990 Hollywood film “Hunt for Red October.”
1976 Aug 6, Thailand and Vietnam established diplomatic relations.
(WSJ, 3/5/97, p.A16)(www.vietnamembassy.or.th/relations.html)
1976 Aug 6, Gregor Piatigorsky (b.1903), Russian cellist, died.
1976 Aug 7, Scientists in Pasadena, Calif., announced that the Viking 1 spacecraft had found the strongest indications to date of possible life on Mars.
1976 Aug 9, John Roselli (b.1905), Chicago mobster hired by the CIA to kill Castro, was found murdered. His decomposing body was found in a 55-gallon steel fuel drum floating in Dumfounding Bay near Miami, Florida. Roselli had been strangled and stabbed and his legs were sawed off.
1976 Aug 10, In South Africa Jimmy Kruger, minister of justice and police, recommended killing anti-apartheid demonstrators at a cabinet meeting.
(SFC, 11/30/96, p.A12)(http://tinyurl.com/2678bd)
1976 Aug 12, Syrian backed Christian militias completed their siege of the Tell al-Za'tar Palestinian camp in Lebanon leaving some 2000 people killed.
1976 Aug 14, Some 10,000 Northern Ireland women demonstrated for peace in Belfast.
1976 Aug 14, In Northern Ireland Majella O'Hare (12) was shot in the back, as she walked with other schoolgirls to a Catholic Church to give their confessions in the village of Whitecross in South Armagh, a borderland powerbase for the IRA. Her father, who died in 1992, witnessed the shooting and watched her die in an army helicopter as she was being evacuated to hospital. The family received a 1,500-pound ($2,400) payment from the British government in 1976 as compensation for the killing. In 2011 the family received a face-to-face apology from Britain's senior government official in Northern Ireland.
1976 Aug 15, Former SS Colonel Herbert Kappler dramatically escaped from prison hospital in Rome with the aid of his wife and taken to Germany.
1976 Aug 17, William Redfield (b.1927), film and TV actor, died.
1976 Aug 18, Two U.S. Army officers were killed in Korea's demilitarized zone as a group of North Korean soldiers wielding axes and metal pikes attacked U.S. and South Korean soldiers. Major Arthur G. Bonifas was attacked and beaten to death by North Korean soldiers as he attempted to cut down a poplar tree in the DMZ.
(SFEC, 6/25/00, p.T8)(AP, 8/18/02)
1976 Aug 19, President Ford narrowly won the Republican presidential nomination over Ronald Reagan at the party's convention in Kansas City. The convention was called to order by Mary Louis Smith, chair of the Republican National Committee and the first woman to organize and call to order the convention of a major US political party. In 2005 Craig Shirley authored “Reagan’s Revolution: The Untold Story of the Campaign That Started It all.”
(AP, 8/19/97)(SFEC, 8/24/97, p.D8)(WSJ, 2/2/05, p.D10)
1976 Aug 22, EPA scientists reported that they had discovered plutonium in the ocean sediment off the SF coast and radioactive cesium leaking from containers 120 miles east of Ocean City, Md. Some 62,000 steel drums of nuclear waste were dumped into the oceans from 1946-1970.
(SFC, 8/17/01, p.WB6)
1976 Aug 22, In Brazil former Pres. Juscelino Kubitschek (b.1902) was killed in a car accident. In 2013 an investigation was ordered due to suspicion that his death was ordered by the military regime.
(SFC, 1/24/13, p.A2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juscelino_Kubitschek)
1976 Aug 22, Oskar Brusewitz (b.1929), East German Lutheran vicar, died after having set himself on fire on August 18 to protest the repression of religion.
1976 Aug 24, In Buenos Aires a government task force kidnapped Marcelo Gelman (20) and his pregnant wife Maria Claudia Garcia Irureta (19). Marcelo was shot and killed 2 months later and packed in cement in an oil drum. His wife disappeared after giving birth in a military hospital in Uruguay. Juan Gelman, the poet father of Marcelo, later campaigned in search of his grandchild and authored the book "Not Even God's Feeble Pardon." In 2008 the granddaughter of Argentine poet Juan Gelman urged Uruguayan courts to reopen a probe into the 1976 disappearance of her dissident mother, weeks before her grandfather was scheduled to receive the Spanish-speaking world's most prestigious literary prize.
(SFC, 12/9/99, p.A16)(AP, 2/27/08)
1976 Aug 26, In France Raymond Barre (1924-2007) began serving as prime minister and continued to 1981.
(Econ, 11/20/10, p.58)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raymond_Barre)
1976 Aug 26, Prince Bernhard, husband of Queen Juliana of the Netherlands, agreed to resign his positions with the Dutch armed forces and industry following severe criticism of his behavior by a commission of enquiry into a Lockheed bribery scandal. Bernhard had allegedly received $1.1 million as a gift from Lockheed.
(RTH, 8/26/99)(SFC, 12/24/08, p.B7)
1976 Aug 27, Transsexual Renee Richards was barred from competing in US Tennis Open in Forest Hills, NY.
1976 Aug 31, George Harrison (1943-2001) was found guilty of plagiarizing "My Sweet Lord."
1976 Sep 1, U.S. Rep. Wayne L. Hays, D-Ohio, resigned in the wake of a scandal in which he admitted having an affair with secretary Elizabeth Ray.
1976 Sep 1, The New Jersey Meadowlands racetrack opened.
1976 Sep 3, The unmanned U.S. spacecraft Viking 2 landed on Mars to take the first close-up, color photographs of the planet's surface.
1976 Sep 4, George W. Bush (30), candidate for US president in 2000, was arrested and pleaded guilty to driving under the influence of alcohol in Kennebunkport, Maine.
(SFC, 11/3/00, p.A1)
1976 Sep 6, A Soviet pilot landed his MIG-25 in Tokyo and asked for political asylum in the United States.
1976 Sep 8, Joaquin Zamacois Soler (b,1894), Spanish composer, died.
1976 Sep 9, Mao Tse-tung (82), Chinese Communist party chairman (1949-76) died in Beijing. "Who controls a man’s ideas controls the man." In 1965 he launched the controversial Cultural Revolution, an often-brutal campaign to reform Chinese society. He was later held responsible for over 70 million deaths. Mao Zedong’s death triggered a 2-year power struggle. The Cultural Revolution's chief architects, Mao’s widow (Jiang Qing) and 3 others, the so-called Gang of Four, were jailed. Deng Xiaoping returned from disgrace and eventually seized power. In 2005 Jung Chang and Jon Halliday authored “Mao: The Unknown Story.”
(SFEC, 10/7/96, A9)(WSJ, 5/12/98, p.A22)(SSFC, 10/23/05, p.M1)(AP, 9/9/07)
1976 Sep 10, 5 Croatian terrorists captured a TWA-plane at La Guardia Airport, NY.
1976 Sep 10, Dalton Trumbo (b.1905), US novelist and screenwriter, died at age 70. His books included “Johnny Got His Gun” (1939). He used pseudonyms for a number of Hollywood screenplays after he was blacklisted as one of the “Hollywood Ten” by the House Un-American Activities Committee in 1947.
1976 Sep 13, The United States announced it would veto Vietnam's UN bid.
1976 Sep 16, Secretary of state Henry Kissinger sent a cable canceling a US warning against carrying out international political assassinations that was to have gone to Chile, Argentina and Uruguay just days before a former ambassador was killed by Chilean agents on Washington's Embassy Row. The document was not made public until 2010.
1976 Sep 16, The Episcopal Church, at its General Convention in Minneapolis, formally approved the ordination of women as priests and bishops.
1976 Sep 17, The California Supreme Court ruled that the Univ. of California’s special admissions policy giving preference to minority applicants is unconstitutional. Allan Bakke had claimed he was the victim of reverse discrimination when he was denied admission to the UC Davis Medical School.
(SFC, 9/14/01, WB p.6)
1976 Sep 17, NASA publicly unveiled the space shuttle Enterprise at ceremonies in Palmdale, Calif.
(AP, 9/17/97)(HN, 9/17/98)
1976 Sep 18, Rev. Sun Myung Moon (b.1920) held a "God Bless America" convention.
1976 Sep 20, Playboy magazine released an interview in which Democratic presidential nominee Jimmy Carter admitted he'd "looked on a lot of women with lust." Carter was interviewed for the November issue of Playboy and he admitted that he had committed "lust in my heart."
(AP, 9/20/01)(SFEC, 9/28/97, p.A11)
1976 Sep 21, Benjamin Graham (b.1894), London-born economist and professional investor, died. He is known as the father of value investing and founder of modern security analysis. His books included “Security Analysis” written with David Dodd (1934), and “The Intelligent Investor” (1949). Warren Buffett studied under him at Columbia Univ. In 2012 Joe Carlen authored “The Einstein of Money: The Life and Timeless Financial Wisdom of Benjamin Graham.”
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benjamin_Graham)(Econ, 10/22/11, p.90)(Econ, 7/7/12, p.79)
1976 Sep 21, Chilean exile Orlando Letelier, one time foreign minister to Chilean President Salvador Allende, was killed when a bomb exploded in his car in Washington D.C. He was assassinated by order from Chile by Gen’l. Manuel Contreras, head of the secret police known as DINA. Ronni Moffitt (25), an American colleague of Letelier, was also killed. Contreras was convicted of the order in 1993 and sentenced to a 7-year prison term. In 2000 Gen. Pinochet was linked to the killing.
(SFC, 6/27/97, p.A14)(SFC, 7/1/99, p.C3)(SFEC, 5/28/00, p.A7)(AP, 9/21/01)
1976 Sep 22, Pres. Ferdinand Marcos of the Philippines signed Presidential Order 1017 "protecting the Tasaday and other unexplored cultural communities from unauthorized entry." In 1971 Manuel Elizalde had described the Tasaday on Mindanao as a lost Stone Age tribe. In 1986 it was reported that the Tasaday story was a hoax. In 2003 Robin Hemley authored "Invented Eden: The Elusive, Disputed History of the Tasaday," in which he confirmed the Tasaday as a Stone Age tribe.
(SSFC, 6/22/03, p.M1)(www.lawphil.net/statutes/presdecs/pd1976/pd_1017_1976.html)
1976 Sep 24, US District Judge William Orrick sentenced newspaper heiress Patricia Hearst to seven years in prison for her part in a 1974 bank robbery. She was released after 22 months after receiving clemency from President Carter.
(SFC, 9/21/01, WB p.5)(AP, 9/24/07)
1976 Sep 24, In California Frances Mays was kidnapped at knifepoint by Richard Allen Davis at the South Hayward Bart station. She was able to break free and flagged down a passing patrol car. Harris was caught and served five years. He later kidnapped Polly Klaas on 10/1/93.
(SFC, 5/16/96, p.A-15)
1976 Sep 28, Muhammad Ali kept his world heavyweight boxing championship with a close 15-round decision over Ken Norton at New York's Yankee Stadium.
1976 Sep 29, Britain under PM Callaghan applied to the IMF for a loan of $3.9 billion.
1976 Sep 30, The US House of Representatives passed the Hyde Amendment 207-167, with no exceptions for health or life endangerment, even though a similar but weaker measure had been voted down two years earlier. Henry Hyde (1924-2007), freshman Congressman from Illinois, had sponsored the amendment to cut federal funding for abortions by women on Medicaid.
(Econ, 4/23/05, p.32)(SFC, 11/30/07, p.A6)(www.wpunj.edu/newpol/issue42/Fried42.htm)
1976 Sep, The US stock market began a 42 month decline of 27%.
1976 Oct 4, Barbara Walters made her debut as the first female nightly network news anchor. She was hired by ABC-TV, and offered a then-unheard of million dollar a year salary to co-anchor with veteran Harry Reasoner. But Reasoner was not pleased with having her there. In addition to their lack of chemistry, the network's ratings did not improve, and she was replaced in mid-1978. She joined another ABC show, 20/20, where she had much greater success.
1976 Oct 4, Agriculture secretary Earl Butz resigned in the wake of a controversy over a joke he'd made about blacks.
1976 Oct 4, In Gregg v. Georgia, the U.S. Supreme Court lifted the ban on the death sentence in murder cases. This restored the legality of capital punishment, which had not been practiced since 1967. The first execution following this ruling was Gary Gilmore in 1977.
1976 Oct 5, Researcher Alan Dickinson warned the British Medical Research council that their human growth hormone program was susceptible to contamination from infected pituitary glands.
(SFEC, 5/21/00, p.A14)
1976 Oct 6, In his second debate with Jimmy Carter, President Ford asserted in SF that there was "no Soviet domination of eastern Europe." Ford later conceded he'd misspoken. Carter charged the Ford administration with excessive secrecy, immorality and weakness in dealing with the Soviet Union and Arab nations. Some 3,000 people protested outside the Palace of Fine Arts.
(AP, 10/6/97)(SFC, 10/5/01, WB p.6)
1976 Oct 6, The so-called "Gang of Four," Chairman Mao Tse-tung's widow, Jiang Qing, and 3 associates (Zhang Chunqiao (d.2005), Yao Wenyuan, and Wang Hongwen) were arrested in Peking, setting in motion an extended period of turmoil in the Chinese Communist Party.
(SFC, 12/25/99, p.B4)(Econ, 5/21/05, p.90)
1976 Oct 6, A Cuban aircraft from Venezuela with 73 people onboard was blown up on a flight over the Caribbean. Castro blamed the explosion on the US. Luis Posada Carriles, a veteran of the Cuban exile’s war against Castro, was charged and twice acquitted in the bombing. Venezuelan authorities kept him in jail for 9 years until his escape in 1985 when he settled in El Salvador. In April, 2005, Posada sought asylum in the US. In May, 2005, declassified documents were made public that linked Posada to the bombing and indicated he was on the CIA's payroll for years.
(SFC, 7/9/96, p.A8)(SFC,11/17/97, p.A14)(AP, 4/15/05)(AP, 5/11/05)
1976 Oct 6, In Thailand right-wing political power-brokers, including Kriangsak Chomanan and Samak Sundaravej, provoked mobs to lynch left-wing pro-democracy student protesters at Bangkok's Thammasat University. At least 46 protesters were killed and hundreds wounded by the police and army. A coup installed a new military-guided, right-wing government.
(AP, 12/23/03)(WSJ, 9/20/06, p.A12)(Econ, 9/6/08, p.14)
1976 Oct 10, In New Jersey the Meadowlands' Giant's Stadium opened with an NFL game between the Giants and Dallas Cowboys.
1976 Oct 11, The US Toxic Substances Control Act became law with an effective date of January 1, 1977.
1976 Oct 12, It was announced in China that Hua Guo-feng (1921-2008) had been named to succeed the late Mao Tse-tung as chairman of the Communist Party. He was effectively stripped of his powers in 1978 and formally lost the chairmanship in 1981.
1976 Oct 14, Deborah Gardner (23) was stabbed (22 times) to death in Tonga by Dennis Priven (24), a fellow Peace Corps volunteer. In 2004 Philip Weiss authored “American Taboo: A Murder in the Peace Corps.”
1976 Oct 15, In the first debate of its kind between vice-presidential nominees, Democrat Walter F. Mondale and Republican Bob Dole faced off in Houston.
1976 Oct 15, Carlo Gambino (b.1902), US gangster, died at his summer home in Long Island.
1976 Oct 15, French-Argentine citizen Marianne Erize (22) was kidnapped and disappeared. In 2008 retired army major Jorge Antonio Olivera was arrested for the "forced disappearance, kidnapping and torture" of Erize when Olivera was a lieutenant in the 22nd Mountain Infantry Regiment. In August 2000, Olivera was detained in Italy at the request of French authorities, but was freed after presenting what was later found to be a falsified death certificate saying Erize had died on Nov. 11, 1976 — 26 days after being illegally detained.
1976 Oct 16, In Alabama Sheryl Lynn Payton (24) was abducted, raped and murdered. In 1977 Thomas Whisenhant (29) was convicted after he confessed to her murder and that of 2 other convenience store clerks. Whisenhant's original conviction was overturned by the Alabama Court of Criminal Appeals. He was convicted again at a retrial in 1981. On May 27, 2010, Whisenhant was executed by lethal injection.
(http://tinyurl.com/39dbsea)(SFC, 5/28/10, p.A8)
1976 Oct 19, Pres. Ford signed the US Copyright Act of 1976, effective as of January 1, 1978. It declared unpublished materials to be in the public domain when the records are 100 years old or when the creator of the records has been dead for fifty years, whichever date comes first. The act also declared that records created before January 1, 1978 enter the public domain in 2002, provided that they are over 100 years old or the creator of the records has been dead 50 years. The act established the “first sale doctrine,” which gives copyright holders control of their goods until their first sale.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Copyright_Act_of_1976)(SAA, 4/19/99)(Econ, 3/23/13, p.71)
1976 Oct 20, 76 people died when the Norwegian tanker Frosta collided with the ferryboat George Prince on the Mississippi River north of New Orleans.
1976 Oct 21, Saul Bellow won the Nobel Prize for literature, the first American honored since John Steinbeck in 1962.
1976 Oct 22, Pres. Ford signed S. 3091, the National Forest Management Act of 1976.
(WSJ, 2/25/97, p.A22)(www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=6516)
1976 Oct 25, Gov. Wallace of Alabama granted full pardon to Clarence Norris, the last known survivor of 9 Scottsboro Boys who were convicted in a 1931 rape.
1976 Oct 25, Raymond Queneau (b.1903), Parisian surrealist, died. His work included the prewar novel "Les Enfants du Limon." In 1998 it was translated to English as "Children of Clay."
(SFEC, 8/2/98, BR p.4)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raymond_Queneau)
1976 Oct 28, Former Nixon aide John D. Ehrlichman entered a federal prison camp in Safford, Ariz., to begin serving his sentence for Watergate-related convictions.
1976 Oct, Mairead Corrigan Maguire was a co-winner of the Nobel Prize for Peace for her efforts to stop bloodshed in Northern Ireland.
(SFC, 10/8/99, p.A12)
1976 Oct, Dr. Carleton Gajdusek shared the Nobel Prize in medicine for proving the existence of a certain kind of virus. In 1996 he was arrested for on charges of molesting a teenage boy whom he brought from Micronesia to live with him in Maryland.
(SFC, 4/4/96, p.A-3)
1976 Oct, Burton Richter of Stanford and Samuel Ting of MIT won the Nobel Prize in Physics. Their work with the SPEAR machine revealed the Psi-particle, a subatomic object that lasts for a tiny fraction of a second. It confirmed that protons and neutrons were composed of smaller quarks.
(SFC, 10/10/96, p.A1)(SFC, 5/1/97, p.A7)(SFC, 11/24/98, p.A20)
1976 Oct, William George Bundy (b.1957), construction worker, disappeared in Cook County, Ill. Bones of 33 men and boys were found in late 1978 under the home of John Wayne Gacy (1942-1994). In 2011 authorities identified Bundy’s bones among those found under Gacy’s Chicago house.
(SFC, 11/30/11, p.A12)(http://tinyurl.com/7s5utyc)
1976 Nov 2, Former Georgia Gov. (James Earl) Jimmy Carter defeated Republican incumbent Gerald R. Ford, becoming the 39th president and the first from the Deep South since the Civil War.
(AP, 11/2/97)(HN, 11/2/98)
1976 Nov 2, Voters in California rejected Prop. 14, an initiative that proposed to add to the state constitution the funding provisions and rights of organizers (UFW) to enter farm fields to talk to workers. Opposition to the initiative was run by the Dolphin Group, an influential lobbying firm.
(SFEM, 4/13/97, p.28)
1976 Nov 2, Tom Tancredo was elected to Colorado’s state house as a member of a group called “The Crazies” due to their fervent opposition to taxes.
(www.tancredo.org/info/tom_tancredo_bio.html)(Econ, 4/8/06, p.36)
1976 Nov 2, New Jersey voters approved gambling for Atlantic City.
(NG, 8/04, p.96)
1976 Nov 2, In Utah Orrin Hatch defeated 18-year incumbent Senator Frank Moss.
(SFC, 2/3/03, p.B4)
1976 Nov 2, In West Virginia’s race for governor Democrat Jay Rockefeller (b.1937) defeated former Gov. Cecil Underwood (1956-1960). Rockefeller was re-elected in 1980.
(SFC, 11/25/08, p.B4)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jay_Rockefeller)
1976 Nov 6, Benjamin L. Hooks was chosen executive director of the NAACP, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, succeeding Roy Wilkins.
1976 Nov 7, NBC began airing the movie “Gone with the Wind” on TV. It showed over two nights due to its length. The event was the highest-rated television event of the season.
1976 Nov 9, Smokey the Bear (26) died at the Washington DC National Zoo.
1976 Nov 9, The UN General Assembly approved ten resolutions condemning apartheid in South Africa, including one characterizing the white-ruled government as "illegitimate."
1976 Nov 10, The Utah Supreme Court gave the go-ahead for convicted murderer Gary Gilmore to be executed, according to his wishes. The sentence was carried out the following January.
1976 Nov 11, Alexander Calder (78), US sculptor, died. He invented the mobile as a new format for sculpture. He also designed toys , jewelry, some wallpaper and decorated DC-8s for Braniff Airlines. David Bourdon (d.1998 at 63) wrote a study of Calder in 1980.
(SFC,11/15/97, p.C1,6)(SFC, 4/4/98, p.A24)(MC, 11/11/01)
1976 Nov 11, In Argentina journalist Claudio Adur (26) disappeared. This marked the beginning of a large number of journalists who disappearing following the March military coup.
1976 Nov 15, Rene Levesque's "Parti Quebecois" won elections in Quebec. The pro-independence Parti Quebecois first came to power.
(SFC, 10/3/98, p.A21)(www.cbc.ca/news/background/parti_quebecois/)
1976 Nov 15, A Syrian peace force took control of Beirut, Lebanon. The Arab League gave Syria a peacekeeping mandate.
(HN, 11/15/98)(SFC, 4/27/05, p.A8)
1976 Nov 18, Man Ray (b.1890), American Dada artist, died. He was born as Emmanuel Radnitsky in Philadelphia and spent much of his time in France. His relationship with photographer Lee Miller inspired both his painting and her photography.
(WSJ, 12/2/96, p.A16)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Man_Ray)(SFC, 7/14/12, p.E2)
1976 Nov 18, Spain's parliament approved a bill to establish a democracy after 37 years of dictatorship.
1976 Nov 19, Patty Hearst was freed on $1.5 million bail. She returned to her family’s home at 1001 California St.
(HN, 11/19/98)(SFC, 11/16/01, WB p.G4)
1976 Nov 19, George Harrison (1943-2001) released his album "Thirty Three & 1/3."
1976 Nov 22, Comic strip "Cathy," by Cathy Guisewhite, made its debut.
1976 Nov 22, Phillip Garrido kidnapped Katie Hall in South Lake Tahoe and drove her to Reno, where he raped her at a storage unit. Garrido was convicted in 1977 and sentenced to 50 years in prison. He was paroled in 1988. In 1991 He kidnapped Jaycee Lee Dugard (11) in South Lake Tahoe and kept her in Antioch, Ca., until his arrest in 2009.
(SFC, 9/2/09, p.A15)(SFC, 9/23/11, p.C3)
1976 Nov 22, Britain adopted the Race Relations Act with sweeping anti-racial laws, but the laws did not extend to Northern Ireland. The Commission for Racial Equality (CRE) was formed to enforce the new laws banning racial discrimination.
(SFC, 6/30/96, A11)(Econ, 5/15/04, p.57)(Econ, 12/2/06, p.59)
1976 Nov 23, Andre Malraux (b.1901), author (Conquerors) and French Minister of Culture (1958-1969), died.
1976 Nov 23, The Thai government returned 26 refugees to Cambodia saying that they are a threat to the national security. The government said some 70,000 refugees in Thailand who escaped Communist rule in other Indochina states, including 10,000 Cambodians, would also not be permitted to stay.
1976 Nov 28, In San Francisco Bill Graham presented the Band and guests in "The Last Waltz" at Winterland plus a turkey dinner for the capacity crowd. The last concert of The Band took place at Winterland and was made into a film by Martin Scorsese that included Bob Dylan, Neil Diamond and Muddy Waters.
(SFC,12/13/97, p.A15)(SFEC, 6/28/98, DB p.52)
1976 Nov 28, Elvis Presley preformed a concert at the Cow Palace in Daly City, Ca.
1976 Nov 28, Rosalind Russell (b.1907), film and stage actress, died in Beverly Hills, Ca.
1976 Dec 1, Sex Pistols used profanity on TV, and got branded as "rotten punks."
1976 Dec 3, Fidel Castro was elected president of Cuba.
(WSJ, 8/5/06, p.A9)
1976 Dec 4, Benjamin Britten (b.1913), English composer, died. Paul Kildea later authored “Benjamin Britten: A Life in the Twentieth Century” (2013). Neil Powell authored Benjamin Britten: A Life for Music” (2013).
(WSJ, 7/26/99, p.A21)(Econ, 3/2/13, p.79)
1976 Dec 6, Democrat Tip O’Neill was elected speaker of the House of Representatives. He went on to serve the longest consecutive term as speaker.
1976 Dec 6, Joao Goulart (b.1919), former president of Brazil (1961-1964), died in Argentina. He was ousted in a 1964 coup and went into exile in Argentina.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jo%C3%A3o_Goulart)(SSFC, 11/17/13, p.A4)
1976 Dec 6, Dutch War criminal Pieter Menten (1899-1987) was arrested in Switzerland after fleeing there in November.
1976 Dec 7, The UN Security Council endorsed Kurt Waldheim (1918-2007) of Austria for a 2nd 5-year term as UN Secretary-General.
1976 Dec 11, Hungarian art forger Elmyr de Hory (b.1906) died of a lethal overdose of barbiturates in Ibiza, Spain. The 1969 book "Fake" by Clifford Irving was about De Hory and both Irving and de Hory were featured in the 1975 Orson Welles film "F" for Fake.
(SFC, 7/29/99, p.E6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elmyr_de_Hory)
1976 Dec 12, QB Joe Namath played his last game as a NY Jet. In 2004 Mark Kriegel authored “Namath: A Biography.”
(www.newyorkjets.com/history)(SSFC, 9/26/04, p.M3)
1976 Dec 16, President Jimmy Carter appointed Andrew Young as Ambassador to the United Nations.
1976 Dec 16, The US government halted its swine flu vaccination program following reports of paralysis apparently linked to the vaccine.
1976 Dec 16, Marjorie Mitchell, a nurse at Napa State Hospital testified that a man, later identified as Richard Allen Davis, awakened her in the early hours and clubbed her with a fire poker.
(SFC, 5/17/96, p.A-21)
1976 Dec 18, "A Star is Born," with Barbra Streisand, premiered.
1976 Dec 20, Hazel Frost testified that she left a Napa restaurant and bar and that Richard Allen Davis jumped into her car and held a shotgun to her neck. She managed to roll out of the car a grabbed a gun loaded with birdshot from under her seat and fired in the direction that she thought Davis was running. Davis had escaped from Napa State Hospital after he faked a suicide attempt in the Alameda County Jail.
(SFC, 5/17/96, p.A-21)
1976 Dec 20, Chicago Mayor Richard J. Daley died at age 74. In 2000 Adam Cohen and Elizabeth Taylor authored the biography: "American Pharaoh."
(AP, 12/20/97)(WSJ, 5/24/00, p.A24)
1976 Dec 20, Israel's PM Yitzhak Rabin resigned.
1976 Dec 21, Russel Wright (b.1904), American designer, died. His American Modern dinnerware was manufactured by Steubenville Pottery from 1939 to about 1959.
(SFC, 8/10/05, p.G4)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russel_Wright)
1976 Dec 21, The Liberian-registered tanker Argo Merchant ran aground near Nantucket Island, spilling millions of gallons of oil into the North Atlantic.
1976 Dec 23, In Japan Takeo Fukuda was chosen as the 8th LDP President and formed his cabinet in the midst of high public expectations for the Party's revitalization and the country's economic recovery.
1976 Dec 25, Some 100 Moslems, returning from a pilgrimage to Mecca, died when their boat, the Egyptian SS Patria, sank in the Red Sea.
1976 Dec 27, The Oakland Raiders defeated the Pittsburgh Steelers 24-7 and won a trip to the Super Bowl for the 1st time since 1967.
(SFC, 12/21/01, WB p.G16)
1976 Dec 28, In Albania the People’s Assembly approved a new constitution and the country became a "people's socialist republic."
1976 Dec 30, Governor Carey of New York pardoned seven inmates to close the book on the Attica uprising.
1976 Romare Bearden created the monotype "Vampin (Piney Brown Blues)," with watercolor additions. A monotype refers to a painting made on a nonabsorbent surface that is transferred by a press onto a one time print.
(SFEC, 6/15/97, BR p.7)
1976 In California Bulgarian artist Christo Javacheff created his artwork "Running Fence," a 24.5-mile-long white nylon fence/curtain draped across Marin and Sonoma counties. The fence cost $3 million and lasted for 2 weeks.
(SFEC, 3/1/98, p.A16)(SFC, 3/13/99, p.A24)
1976 Claes Oldenburg (b.1929), Swedish-born American artist, constructed a 41-foot "Trowel I" for the Kroller-Muller Museum in the Netherlands by. He also made "Typewriter Eraser."
(Smith., Aug. 1995, p.82)(SFC, 10/26/96, p.B1)
1976 A 45-foot-tall, giant steel "Clothespin" was constructed at the Plaza of the City Hall of Philadelphia by Claes Oldenburg. He made his graphic "Soft Screw in Waterfall."
(Smith., Aug. 1995, p.83)(SFC, 9/1/97, p.E4)(SFEC, 10/5/97, BR p.4)
1976 Georgia O’Keefe published her autobiography in Painting with the help of Juan Hamilton. She was legally blind by this time.
(WSJ, 7/31/97, p.A16)
1976 Robert Ardrey wrote "The Hunting Hypothesis."
(NH, 11/96, p.12)
1976 Paul Bowles (1910-1999), American-born composer and writer who lived in Tangier, Morocco, wrote his short story Allal. In 1996 three of Bowles’ stories were made into a film titled "Halfmoon" by Frieder Schlaich and Irene von Alberti. Bertolucci had earlier transferred his novel "The Sheltering Sky" into film. A biography of Bowles by Millicint Dillon, "You Are Not I: A Portrait of Paul Bowles" was published in 1998.
(SFC, 6/14/96, p. C3)(SFEC, 4/5/98, BR p.3)(www.paulbowles.org/bowlesbiography.html)
1976 Dr. Robert Butler (d.2010 at 83) authored “Why Survive: Being Old in America.”
(SFC, 7/7/10, p.C4)
1976 A.I. Dagg and J.B. Foster published "The Giraffe: Its Biology, Behavior and Ecology."
(NH, 5/96, p.56)
1976 "The Selfish Gene" by Richard Dawkins was published. Here he launched the archetypal "meme," defined as a unit of cultural transmission. It described how ideas mimic the behavior of genes and propagate by leaping from brain to brain. In 2009 Fern Elsdon-Baker authored “The Selfish Genius: How Richard Dawkins Rewrote Darwin’s Legacy.”
(NH, 5/96, p.13)(Wired, 2/98, p.118)(Econ, 7/25/09, p.81)
1976 John Dean, council to Richard Nixon and songbird during the congressional investigation, wrote about Watergate in his book "Blind Ambition."
(SFC, 9/17/96, p.B8)
1976 Joan Erikson, psychologist, wrote "Activity, Recovery and Growth." She underscored the benefits of occupational therapy.
(SFC, 8/9/97, p.A19)
1976 Just Faaland and J.R. Parkinson authored “Bangladesh: The Test Case of Development.”
(Econ, 11/3/12, p.13)
1976 Jean Gimpel authored "The Industrial Revolution of the Middle Ages."
(WSJ, 12/23/99, p.A18)
1976 Alex Haley published "Roots," based on his search of his African ancestry. It won a Pulitzer Prize and was made into a TV mini-series.
(SFC, 4/25/98, p.A3)
1976 Malachi Martin (d.1999 at 78), an Irish-born former Jesuit, published "Hostage to the Devil," an account of the possession and exorcism of 5 Americans.
(SFC, 7/30/99, p.D8)
1976 William H. McNeill authored “Plagues and Peoples,” a history of human society with microscopic agents of disease as the main protagonists.
(WSJ, 9/9/06, p.P8)
1976 Ernst Kitzinger (1912-2003), a foremost historian of Byzantine, early Christian and early medieval art, authored "Byzantine Art in the Making."
(SFC, 2/10/03, p.B4)
1976 Loretta Lynn, country singer, authored "Coal Miner’s Daughter."
(SFEC, 7/30/00, Par p.14)
1976 Norman Maclean (1902-1990) published "A River Runs Through It and Other Stories." It was a story about fly fishing in Montana. Recorded books put out a cassette version in 1993 with other stories that included "Logging and Pimping and ‘Your Pal, Jim’," and "USFS 1919: The Ranger, the Cook, and a Hole in the Sky."
1976 James Michener published "Sports in America."
1976 A German edition of the diaries of Austrian writer Robert Musil (1880-1942) was published. In 1999 Philip Payne published an abridged version "Diaries 1899-1942."
(SFEC, 1/31/99, BR p.9)
1976 The Nomadic Sisters published "Loving Women," a sex manual by, for and about women with explicit drawings.
(SFC, 2/27/98, p.A3)
1976 Harold Parrot, a Brooklyn Dodgers road secretary, published "The Lords of Baseball."
(SFC, 8/24/98, p.A3)
1976 Janice Perlman, American sociologist, authored “The Myth of Marginality: Urban Poverty and Politics in Rio De Janeiro,” a look at the favelas (slums) of Rio. An update followed in 2010.
(Econ, 7/24/10, p.81)
1976 Alain Peyrefitte (1925-1999), French scholar, authored “Le Mal Francaise,” which addresses the question of whether there is something unique to the French character or gene pool that has caused some of the country's peculiar recurring problems.
(Econ, 4/23/11, p.29)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alain_Peyrefitte)
1976 Tibor Scitovsky (1910-2002), American economist, authored "The Joyless Economy," an indictment of bourgeois society.
(SFC, 6/8/02, p.A25)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tibor_Scitovsky)
1976 The book "Splendid Survivors: San Francisco's Downtown Architectural Heritage" was published.
(SFC, 7/4/03, p.E7)
1976 The children’s fiction "Roll of Thunder, Hear My Cry" by Mildred Taylor (b.1943) was published.
(SFEC, 2/27/00, BR p.12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mildred_Taylor)
1976 William W. Warner (1920-2008) authored “Beautiful Swimmers: Watermen, Crabs and the Chesapeake Bay.” It became a national bestseller and won the 1977 Pulitzer Prize for nonfiction.
(SFC, 4/30/08, p.B9)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_W._Warner)
1976 Joseph Weizenbaum (1923-2008) wrote "Computer Power and Human Reason." He described here his program called ELIZA that demonstrated a conversation between a patient and a computer posing as a psychiatrist.
(I&I, Penzias, p.144)( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Weizenbaum)
1976 Elizabeth Williams (d.1997 at 65) wrote "Notes of a Feminist Therapist."
(SFC, 1/28/97, p.A14)
1976 Raymond Williams authored “Keywords: A Vocabulary of Culture and Society.”
(WSJ, 4/26/08, p.W9)
1976 Hatten Yoder (1921-2003), geology expert, authored "Generation of Basaltic Magma."
(SFC, 8/16/03, p.A21)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hatten_Yoder)
1976 "The Linguistic Atlas of England" was published.
(NH, 6/96, p.10)
1976 Sam Shepard wrote his play "The Sad Lament of Pecos Bill on the Eve of Killing His Wife." He also wrote "Curse of the Starving Class."
(WSJ, 2/14/97, p.A12)(WSJ, 4/30/97, p.A12)
1976 The film “The Message” by Syrian-American producer Moustapha Akkad (d.2005) told the story the Prophet Mohammad and the emergence of Islam.
(SFC, 11/24/05, p.E2)
1976 "Charlie’s Angels" with Cheryl Ladd, Kate Jackson, Jaclyn Smith and David Doyle (1930-1997) began on TV and ran until 1981. Aaron Spelling (d.2006) produced the show.
(SFC, 3/1/97, p.C3) (SFC, 6/24/06, p.A2)
1976 The TV show "What's Happening!!" began and ran to 1979. It was a comedy about 3 high school students who hung out together.
(SFC, 12/13/99, p.A26)
1976 French composer Pierre Boulez (b.1925) wrote "Messagesquisse." Boulez had studied under Messiaen.
(SFC, 1/31/03, p.D2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pierre_Boulez)
1976 John Corigliano (b.1938), American composer, composed his "Etude Fantasy."
(WSJ, 7/2/98, p.A20)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Corigliano)
1976 Composer Philip Glass and director/designer Robert Wilson collaborated on their production of "Einstein on the Beach" at the NY Met. The opera had premiered in Avignon.
(SFC, 12/30/99, p.E1)(Econ, 7/22/06, p.82)(Econ, 6/9/12, p.89)
1976 Henryk Gorecki (b.1933), Polish composer, wrote his "Third Symphony."
(SFC, 12/30/99, p.E1)
1976 French composers Gerard Grisey (d.1998 at 52), Michael Levinas and Tristan Murail formed the group L’Iteneraire and pioneered what they called "spectral music."
(SFEC, 11/22/98, p.D10)
1976 Steve Reich (b.1936), American composer, created a near-symphonic masterpiece with his "Music for 18 Musicians."
(SFC, 12/30/99, p.E1)
1976 The B-52 band formed in Athens, Georgia. Cindy Wilson, Keith Strickland, Fred Schneider, Kate Pierson and Ricky Wilson formed the band following a rum-buzzed jam session.
(SSFC, 8/10/03, p.C10)
1976 Benjamin Orr (d.2000 at 53) and Ric Ocasek, natives of Ohio, formed their band "The Cars" in Boston.
(SFC, 10/6/00, p.D5)
1976 The Eagles recorded their hit song "Hotel California."
(SFC, 1/14/98, p.D3)
1976 Gordon Lightfoot’s song “The Wreck of the Edmund Fitzgerald” went to #2 on the pop charts.
1976 Fleetwood Mac released its "Rumours" album which achieved multiplatinum status.
(SFC, 1/14/98, p.D3)
1976 Katy Moffatt, singer-composer, went on the road as the opening act for bluesman Muddy Waters.
(WSJ, 10/8/96, p.A20)
1976 The Ramones punk rock group released their 1st album "Ramones." Joey Ramone (Jeffrey Hyman) died in 2001 at age 49.
(SFC, 4/17/01, p.C2)
1976 Vicki Sue Robinson (d.2000 at 46), pop-gospel singer, had a hit with "Turn the Beat Around." It became a signature anthem of the disco era.
(SFC, 5/3/00, p.A24)
1976 Johnnie Taylor (d.2000 at 62) had a hit with his song "Disco Lady."
(SFC, 6/2/00, p.D5)
1976 The rock band U2 initially formed in Dublin when Larry Mullen Jr. posted a message on a high school bulletin board asking for fellow musicians to form a band. Paul Hewson, David Evans, Adam Clayton and Dick Evans responded to the ad and it was at this stage along with Larry Mullen Jr. that the band 'Feedback' was formed.
(WSJ, 12/28/04, p.D8)(http://homepages.ihug.co.nz/~omzig/u2_the_band.htm)
1976 Claude Vivier, a French-Canadian composer, composed "Siddartha," a 30 minute orchestral piece written on commission from the CBC.
(SFEC, 1/4/98, DB. p.31)(SFC, 1/9/98, p.D7)
1976 The Detroit Renaissance Center designed by John Portman was opened. It cost $357 million.
(WSJ, 10/11/96, p.B1)
1976 The Episcopal Church opened its priesthood to women.
(SFC, 3/30/97, Z1. p.7)
1976 The Michael Ochs Archive, a collection of popular music artists, went commercial.
(WSJ, 5/7/01, p.A20)
1976 The Cult Awareness Network (CAN) was founded for parents whose children had joined unconventional religious groups. It later lost a suit brought against it by the Church of Scientology and was forced into bankruptcy. The Church of Scientology in 1996 proceeded to buy up its records in public auction.
(SFEC, 12/1/96, p.C15)
1976 The Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum opened in Washington, DC.
(SFC, 11/26/99, p.A5)
1976 The Int’l. Society for Humor Studies was founded.
(SFEC, 6/28/98, p.A18)
1976 The Great American Smokeout, organized by the American Cancer Society, was first held in California.
(SFEM, 7/14/96, p.32)
1976 Navaho weavers wove the largest Navaho rug in the world. The 800-pound rug measured 38x26 feet and used 25 different Navaho styles.
(SFC, 10/11/97, p.A7)
1976 Charlie Rose, a US democrat from North Carolina, founded the Congressional Clearinghouse on the Future. It was to be an in-house think tank intended as an antidote to the institutional short-termism of Congress.
(Wired, Dec. '95, p.154)
1976 Bennigan’s, an Irish-themed restaurant was founded in Atlanta. During the 1990s it expanded across the country and became part of the Metromedia Restaurant Group. In 2008 Metromedia filed for bankruptcy.
(WSJ, 7/30/08, p.B1)
1976 Clint Murchison Jr., owner of the Dallas Cowboys, visited Miami for the Super Bowl and stopped for ribs at a restaurant owned by Tony Roma (d.2003). He enjoyed the foods so much that he purchased the majority of US franchise rights. In 2003 the chain had grown to over 250.
(SFC, 6/14/03, p.A21)
1976 The American Basketball Association disbanded. Four of the teams, Indiana, San Antonio, Denver and New Jersey joined the NBA. The owners of the Spirits of St. Louis negotiated a deal to collect one-seventh of their NBA TV money in perpetuity. Terry Pluto later authored "Loose Balls," a definitive book on the ABA.
(WSJ, 2/22/99, p.B1)
1976 The Tampa Bay Buccaneers football expansion team began playing and lost their first 26 games.
(WSJ, 1/10/97, p.A1)
1976 The first official synchronized skating competition was held in Ann Arbor, Mich.
(SFC, 2/23/09, p.E7)
1976 Baruch S. Blumberg (1925-2011) of NASA Ames Astrobiology Inst. won the Nobel Prize in medicine or physiology. He had discovered a virus that caused hepatitis and a vaccine to prevent it.
(SFC, 10/8/01, p.A17)(Econ, 4/30/11, p.92)
1976 Pres. Ford suspended nuclear reprocessing under the fear that terrorist groups might steal plutonium from American plants to manufacture bombs. Pres. Carter made the decision permanent in 2007.
(WSJ, 3/13/09, p.A9)
1976 A US congressional commission found that Pres. Nixon had authorized $10 million for a covert CIA mission to get rid of Allende in Chile. Papers to this effect were declassified in 1998.
(SFC, 10/22/98, p.A12)
1976 The US Congress asked the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) to find land that might qualify for wilderness protection. It found 3.2 million eligible acres in Utah.
(Econ, 8/23/03, p.26)
1976 J. Howard Marshall II (d.1995), Texas oil tycoon and alumnus of Haverford College, Pa., pledged $4 million to Haverford. In 1994 Marshall married Playboy Playmate Anna Nicole Smith (26) and by his death had donated less than $2 million to the college.
(WSJ, 7/24/03, p.A1)
1976 US Congress passed the Magnuson Fishery Conservation and Management Act. It extended US territorial waters to 200 miles offshore.
(GQ, Summer ‘96, p.22)(WSJ, 11/25/97, p.A1)
1976 A typical American CEO earned 36 times as much as the average worker. By 2008 average CEO pay increased to 369 times that of the average worker.
(SFC, 4/29/08, p.E2)
1976 The obsession with shareholder value began this year when economists Michael Jensen and William Meckling published their article “Theory of the Firm: Managerial Behavior, Agency costs and Ownerships Structure.”
(Econ, 4/24/10, p.65)
1976 Robert Lucas, economist at the Univ. of Chicago, explained how unanticipated inflation eroded the real value of wages. In 1995 Lucas won the Nobel Prize in Economic Science.
(Econ, 7/15/06, p.68)
1976 The Alaska Permanent Fund was created after oil was discovered on the North Slope. Residents of over a year received an annual dividend from the fund.
(SFC, 9/27/02, p.A7)
1976 In California Jim Kepner (d.1997 at 74), historian and gay-rights pioneer, co-founded the One Institute, an educational outfit. He wrote for One magazine, the nation’s first openly "homophile" publication. He created the Int’l. Gay and Lesbian Archives and his early writings: "Rough News, Daring Views" were to be published shortly after his death.
1976 The California Coastal Act was passed. Peter Douglas (1942-2012) helped draft and legislation designed to protect and provide public access the California coast.
(SFC, 4/4/12, p.C6)
1976 In California the Mendocino Land Trust was founded to save property from development.
(SFC, 2/4/02, p.B1)
1976 California’s Gov. Brown appointed Yoritada "Yori" Wada (d.1997 at 80), director of the SF Buchanan YMCA, to the UC Board of Regents. Mr. Wada was the first Asian American regent in the history of UC.
(SFC, 12/4/97, p.C8)
1976 California’s Supreme Court legalized palimony in a 43-page decision won by Michelle Triola Marvin against actor Lee Marvin.
(SFC, 11/26/99, p.D9)
1976 S.I. Hayakawa, former president of SF State College, was elected to the US Senate.
(SFC, 2/2/98, p.A20)
1976 Rose Ann Vuich (d.2001 at 74) of Dinuba, Ca., began serving as the state’s 1st female senator.
(SFC, 9/1/01, p.A15)
1976 Hamilton Air Force Base in Novato, Ca., was decommissioned. The area was later approved for development as a planned community, Hamilton Landing, with 950 homes in 6 neighborhoods set for completion in 2000.
(SFC, 11/4/98, Z1 p.4)(SFEC, 3/14/99, p.C4)
1976 California filed its first enforcement action against Stauffer Chemicals, owners of the Iron Mountain mine near Redding.
1976 Stauffer Chemical Co. sold the Iron Mountain mine to Ted Armand, a Sacramento businessman, who planned to use the tailings for fertilizers. Armand claimed that he was not informed of any environmental issues.
1976 California appropriated $250,000 to preserve the old Chinese detention center on Angel Island.
(SFEC, 9/20/98, Z1 p.7)
1976 Geologist Tom Jordon completed his castle-style Jordan Estate winery in Healdsburg, Ca. It was styled after the 18th century French Chateau Margaux.
(SSFC, 11/22/09, p.N6)
1976 Ravenswood Winery was founded in Sonoma, Ca., and went public in 1999. In 2001 it was sold to New York’s Constellation Brands for $148 million.
(SFC, 4/12/01, p.B6)
1976 The Tao House in Danville, former residence of playwright Eugene O'Neill, was declared a national historic site.
(SFEC, 2/1/98, Z1p.1)
1976 The Humboldt nuclear power plant was shut down after an earthquake fault was discovered running beneath it. In 1999 the California PUC was expected to approve the decommissioning of the plant for 2002.
(SFC, 10/28/99, p.C4)
1976 The trial for the 14 Zebra murders (1973-1974) occurred in SF. Four men received life in prison under Superior Court Judge Karesh.
(SFC, 6/21/96, p.E2)
1976 In San Francisco US District Judge Sam Conti sentenced Nicholas Sand to 15 years in federal prison for distributing LSD through the Brotherhood of Eternal Love. He was an associate of Timothy Leary and LSD guru Stanley Owsley. Sand went underground after being released on bail and was picked up in 1996 in Vancouver, BC, under the name David Roy Shepard. He was sentenced to an additional 5 years in 1999 for fleeing the country.
(SFC, 1/23/99, p.A17)(www.serendipity.li/dmt/nsand/sfchron.htm)
1976 San Mateo County, Ca., rebuilt the military housing by the PG&E plant east of Cow Palace in Daly City with a housing complex of 150 units called Midway Village. The units stood over toxic soil from PG&E that was used by the military during WW II as land fill. Dirt and groundwater in the area contained polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PNAs), a known carcinogen. No soil tests were conducted.
(SFC, 3/10/98, p.A14)(SFC, 1/5/00, p.A12)(SFC, 1/19/00, p.A4)
1976 An area of 420,000 acres in California’s Joshua Tree National Monument was designated a national wilderness area.
(Sp., 5/96, p.64)
1976 Scientists in southern California scientists unearthed what were among the oldest skeletal remains ever found in the Western Hemisphere. They dated back nearly 10,000 years. A local tribal group called the Kumeyaay Nation later claimed that the bones, representing at least two people, were their ancestors and demanded them back. In December, 2011, the Univ. of San Diego said it would turn the remains over to the Kumeyaay, although it gave other tribal groups until Jan. 4 to come forward and dispute the claim.
1976 Massachusetts moved its primary from late April to early March. New Hampshire reacted by moving the due date to February and then to late January.
(SSFC, 1/25/04, p.D6)
1976 Section 936 provided US firms operating in Puerto Rico with tax-free income. It helped to stimulate industrialization and infrastructure development on the island. However it skewed investment towards technologies that were too advanced for Puerto Rico’s stage of development. On August 20, 1996 the U.S. Congress repealed Section 936 of the US Internal Revenue Code, with a clause that retains its benefit for ten years of existing corporations. Section 30A was created to substitute Section 936.
(http://welcome.topuertorico.org/glossary/index.shtml#936)(Econ, 5/27/06, p.26)
1976 Celestine Tate Harrington (d.1998 at 42), a NYC deformed entertainer, won the right to raise her own daughter when she demonstrated her ability to change a diaper using her mouth. She was born stunted due to a botched abortion attempt by her teenage mother.
(SFC, 2/28/98, p.A19)
1976 Vermont Gov. Tom Salmon granted the Abenaki Indians recognition. The following year a new governor rescinded recognition.
(SFC, 12/13/02, p.J7)
1976 William M. Batten became chairman of the NYSE. He ran the exchange to 1984.
(WSJ, 4/14/07, p.A6)
1976 The 1st CRAY-1 supercomputer was installed at Los Alamos Laboratories in New Mexico for a 6-month trial.
(www.cisl.ucar.edu/computers/gallery/cray/cray1.jsp)(WSJ, 3/2/00, p.B8)
1976 Jim Goodnight co-founded software-maker SAS on the campus of the Univ. of North Carolina. By 2007 the company was a leader in business intelligence software and the world’s largest privately owned software maker.
(Econ, 12/1/07, p.84)
1976 Entenmann’s based in New York, the nation’s largest baked goods company, went public. In 1978 it was sold to Warner-Lambert for $243 million.
(www.referenceforbusiness.com/history2/26/Warner-Lambert-Co.html)(SFEC, 9/30/96, p.A23)
1976 Charles Gibson (d.2006), an ordained minister, founded the Gibson Glass Co. in Milton, W. Va. The company was in business for one year when Gibson returned to the pulpit. He re-opened the business in 1983 and it became best known for cruets.
(SFC, 12/12/07, p.G5)
1976 Mobil Corp. bought Marcor and its Montgomery Ward unit.
(WSJ, 12/29/00, p.A3)
1976 W. Richard Goodwin (1924-1996), CEO of Johns Manville Corp., resigned. The company manufactured asbestos fibers.
(SFC, 11/11/96, p.A13)
1976 Dorothy Schiff (1903-1989) sold the New York Post, founded in 1801, to Rupert Murdoch, Australian media tycoon, for $30 million.
(WSJ, 4/7/07, p.P10)(www.ketupa.net/murdoch2.htm)
1976 Cadillac rolled out the El Dorado, the biggest 4-wheel drive car in the world.
(WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)
1976 Industry experts in 1996 picked the 1976 Chevrolet Vega as the number 4 worst American-made car and the 1976 AMC Pacer as the number 10 worst American-made car.
(WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)
1976 Utah Int’l. Inc., under Edmund Littlefield, merged with General Electric in a $2.2 billion deal, the largest to date. The Utah company had built the Hoover Dam.
(SFC, 11/2/01, p.D6)(SFC, 10/4/06, p.A15)
1976 Whooping cough, caused by Bordatella pertussis, reached an all-time low of 1,010 in the US following universal childhood vaccination programs.
(SFC, 12/15/05, p.B5)
1976 US scientists at the NIH isolated a poison from the skin of the Ecuadorian frog called Epibpedobates tricolor and found that an extract from it could block pain 200 times more effectively than morphine.
(SFC, 1/2/98, p.A6)
1976 J. Michael Bishop and Harold E. Varmus discovered a family of genes, oncogenes, in chickens, that helped scientists understand how cancer develops. They won the 1989 Nobel Prize in medicine for their work. In 1998 Robert A. Weinberg published "One Renegade Cell," a primer on the discovery of oncogenes.
(SFEC, 10/8/96, A9)(SFC, 2/6/98, p.A1)(WSJ, 11/25/98, p.A16)
1976 Positron Emission Tomography (PET), a body scanning technology, first came on the market. Dr. Michel Ter-Pogossian of St. Louis led a group that built the first successful prototypes between 1972-1974. In 1998 PET technology was combined with computed tomography (CT scans). PET/CT scanners hit the market in 2001.
(Econ, 6/10/06, Survey p.23)
1976 The Electronic Information Exchange System (EIES), an electronic conferencing system, was built at the New Jersey Inst. of Technology.
(Wired, 5/97, p.101)
1976 Gary Kildall separated out the parts of CP/M version 1 that addressed the specific format of the diskettes, and placed them in a separate module he called the BIOS, for Basic Input/Output System. That way, the system could easily be adapted to new hardware without having to rewrite or even revise the complex heart of the software.
1976 The 6502 microprocessor by MOS Technologies was introduced and later used in the Apple II personal computer.
(TAR, 1996, p.22)
1976 Whitfield Diffie and Martin Hellman introduced public key cryptography in a groundbreaking paper.
(Wired, 9/96, p.216)
1976 H. Taylor Howard (d.2002 at 70) built a homemade satellite dish to capture TV signals. HBO refused to accept payment for his interceptions. He went on to found Chaparral Communications Inc. in San Jose.
(SFC, 11/19/02, p.A23)
1976 The first compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) hit the market.
(SSFC, 7/25/10, p.L5)
1976 Scientists drilling off the coast of Guatemala brought up cores with nodes that sputtered and hissed and left just a puddle. They were hydrates, a combination of water and methane.
(NH, 5/97, p.26)
1976 A crystal of beryl, 59 feet long and almost 12 feet across, was found in Madagascar. It weighed 187 tons.
(SFEC, 9/15/96, Z1 p.5)
1976 San Jose State Prof. John Sperling launched the for-profit Univ. of Phoenix with $26k in personal savings. It was founded to cater to the need of working adults. By 2010 it was the 2nd largest university system in America with over 200 campuses across the country.
(https://ecampus.phoenix.edu/)(SFC, 2/16/02, p.A15)(Econ, 9/10/05, Survey p.19)(Econ, 9/11/10, p.73)
1976 Americans legally bet some $17.3 billion.
(WSJ, 10/15/98, p.A20)
1976 The UN Convention on Int’l. Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) imposed a ban on the trade of rhino horn. By the mid-1990s 90% of the world’s rhinos had disappeared.
(Econ, 11/20/10, p.55)
1976 A movement against climate modification culminated in an international convention that foreswore hostile use of "environmental modification techniques. The int’l. community banned the use of environmental modification techniques such as cloud seeding and Agent Orange.
(SFC, 8/11/00, p.A15)(www.aip.org/history/climate/RainMake.htm)
1976 Sheik Zayed of Abu Dhabi set up the Abu Dhabi Investment Authority (ADIA), which invested heavily in real estate abroad. At the same time the government tightened control of property at home. By 2006 the fund had accrued an estimated $200-500 billion.
(WSJ, 10/21/05, p.A10)(Econ, 6/10/06, p.45)
1976 Four members of a Spanish family were killed in Rosario, Argentina. Pres. Gen’l. Leopoldo Galtieri was later accused of being responsible by a Spanish court. In 1999 Spanish Judge Baltasar Garzon named former Argentine Pres. Leopoldo Galtieri in an indictment along with 95 other military officers, who presided over the "Dirty War" (1976-1983).
(SFC, 1/1/98, p.A14)(SFC, 11/3/99, p.C3)
1976 In Armenia the Metzamor nuclear power plant opened. It featured two VVER nuclear reactors, a design that continues to be used throughout the former Soviet Union and eastern Europe. The plant was shut down in 1988 following the Spitak earthquake, which killed 25,000 people and caused widespread devastation. But Armenian authorities restarted one reactor unit at the plant in 1993 following energy shortages that were causing heavy deforestation.
1976 Malcolm Douglas (1941-2010), Australia's original TV crocodile hunter, shot to fame with the production of his first documentary, "Across The Top." He had trekked across Australia's harsh hinterland filming his encounters with poisonous snakes and ferocious reptiles.
1976 Australia’s federal government passed legislation granting Aboriginal ownership to large parts of the Northern Territory, kicking off a new movement to reclaim traditional lands.
1976 Australian athletes won 5 medals, none of them gold, in the Montreal Olympics.
(WSJ, 9/21/00, p.A8)
1976 In Bangladesh Muhammad Yunus began his micro-loan program and founded the Grameen Bank. Small loans were initially made to groups of five women who supported one another.
(Wired, 2/98, p.67)
1976 Carla Rutila was abducted as a baby in Bolivia, where her parents were fighting as leftist guerrillas with the National Liberation Army, or ELN. Her father, Uruguayan Enrique Luca Lopez, was killed, and her mother, Argentine Graciela Rutila Artes, disappeared after being taken to a secret torture center in Buenos Aires, the Automotores Orletti garage. At age 10 she discovered her true identity through DNA tests advocated by the human-rights group Grandmothers of the Plaza de Mayo. In 2010 Rutila (35) testified against Eduardo Ruffo, the agent who adopted her, and said that from the age of 3 until she was rescued at 10, Ruffo physically and sexually abused her. Ruffo was not arrested until 2006, when a judge found sufficient evidence to charge him with human-rights violations.
1976 In Britain the Society of West End Theater Awards were founded. They were renamed to the Lawrence Olivier Awards in 1984.
1976 Britain began offering tax breaks to owners of important works of art. Inheritance taxes were spared in exchange for periodic viewing.
(WSJ, 9/16/99, p.A28)
1976 In Cambodia Nhem Ein, photographer, was assigned by the Khmer Rouge to the Tuol Sleng interrogation center called S-21. He proceeded to methodically photograph all the prisoners who arrived before they were tortured and executed.
(WSJ, 9/16/97, p.A20)
1976 Lotfi Mansouri was appointed the general director of the Canadian Opera Company in Toronto.
(SFC, 2/2/99, p.A11)
1976 The Development Bank of Central African States (BDEAC) was established and included six members of the Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa: Cameroon, the Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Equatorial Guinea and Gabon.
1976 Gen. Augusto Pinochet commenced that Carretera Austral project, an effort to connect the northern Chile to southern Aisen province.
(SFCM, 10/3/04, p.30)
1976 Chile departed the Andean Community trade block. In 2006 it planned to rejoin.
(Econ, 8/26/06, p.30)
1976 Victor Diaz Lopez, former leader of Chile’s Communist Party, was picked up the DINA, the secret police of dictator Augusto Pinochet. In 2007 the former leader of the DINA’s Lautaro Brigade confessed to murdering Victor Diaz in 1977.
(Econ, 4/14/07, p.39)
1976 In China Huang Hua (1913-2010), a former translator for Mao Zedong, began serving as foreign minister and continued to 1982. Huang oversaw the formation of diplomatic ties with Washington in 1979 and accompanied paramount leader Deng Xiaoping on his tour of the United States that year.
1976 In China the Triangle Group, a tire maker, was founded by the local Weihai government. In 2008 it was scheduled to become a publicly owned company.
(Econ, 6/28/08, p.72)
1976 Spyros Kyprianou became president of the Cyprus House of Representatives.
(SFC, 3/13/02, p.A26)
1976 In Czechoslovakia the Plastic People of the Universe band was arrested by the Communist government. At a public trial 2 band members were sentenced and imprisoned for 1 1/2 years.
(WSJ, 7/22/98, p.A12)(SFEC, 3/7/99, DB p.35)
1976 Egypt passed legislation barring soldiers, conscripts and members of the security from voting while in the service. The ban was widely seen as a move designed to keep both the military and the security agencies out of politics, despite the fact that the country was run by former generals.
1976 Georg Frey (b.1902), Bavarian clothing manufacturer, died. He assembled a collection of 90,000 beetles from around the globe before his death in this year. As a wealthy businessman, Frey was able to create (in 1950) his own Coleoptera museum, the Museum G. Frey, which has long been recognized as the world's largest and most extensive private collection of beetles.
(http://www-museum.unl.edu/research/entomology/workers/GFrey.htm) (WSJ, 8/17/95, p.B-1)
1976 Rabbits were imported to Iceland from Spain about this time. Some were later released into the wild and began to compete with the native puffin birds, which breed in burrows.
(WSJ, 8/4/06, p.A1)
1976 India and China re-established diplomatic ties. PM Indira Gandhi chose K. R. Narayannan to serve as ambassador to Beijing.
(AP, 7/25/98)(SFC, 11/10/05, p.B8)(Econ, 8/21/10, p.17)
1976 Govindappa Venkataswamy (1918-2006), Indian eye surgeon, opened the Aravind Eye Hospital in Madurai, Tamil Nadu state. His low cost eye-care system catered to the poor and grew to become one of the largest eye-care systems in the world.
(WSJ, 8/5/06, p.A6)
1976 Armed uprisings began in Indonesia’s Aceh province. Hasan di Tiro launched the Free Aceh Independence Movement (GAM).
(SFEC, 11/7/99, p.A30)(SFEC, 12/5/99, p.A26)(SFC, 4/20/02, p.A8)
1976 IRA soldier Pat McGeown (1956-1996) was arrested for the bombing of Belfast’s Europa Hotel in 1975.
(SFC, 10/5/96, p.A21)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pat_McGeown)
1976 Jimmy Smythe was accused of the attempted murder of an off-duty prison guard in Belfast. He was sentenced to 20 years in prison.
(SFC, 7/4/96, p.A20)
1976 Italian carmaker Fiat began manufacturing cars in Brazil.
(Econ, 11/15/08, SR p.6)
1976 The wolves of Italy received official protection.
(NH, 12/96, p.52)
1976 In Jamaica John Issa, businessman, founded the SuperClubs Int’l. Ltd.
(WSJ, 7/25/97, p.B1)
1976 Japan completed a nuclear power plant in Fukui prefecture.
(Econ, 8/14/04, p.54)
1976 Amnesty International received Netherlands’ Erasmus-prize.
1976 In Nigeria, Africa, a fungus afflicting corn plants (the downy mildew of maize) began spreading. By 1993 seven states in Nigeria were affected.
(WSJ 6/21/95, p.A-22)
1976 In the Philippines a World Bank Conference was held and thousands of squatters around Manila were forcibly moved out of sight.
(SFC, 11/18/96, p.A12)(http://tinyurl.com/yv4tka)
1976 In the Philippines the last execution until 1999 was made.
(SFC, 2/6/99, p.A12)
1976 Philippine student Yobie Benjamin was arrested and jailed for helping lead protests at the Univ. of the Philippines against the dictatorship of Pres. Ferdinand Marco. Benjamin spent 9 months in jail. He later established himself as an entrepreneur and created GoodStorm, an e-commerce company, that was sold to Zazzle.com in 2008. GoodStorm sold products on behalf of nonprofit organizations.
(SSFC, 10/18/09, p.A14)
1976 The Summit of leading industrial nations was held in San Juan, Puerto Rico. The addition of Canada let it be called the Group of Seven or G-7.
(SFC, 6/20/97, p.A16)
1976 Nadia Comaneci of Romania scored 7 perfect 10s in gymnastics at the summer Olympics in Montreal.
(NG, 8/04, Geographica)
1976 In Russia Eduard Khill (1934-2012), a popular Soviet singing star, was featured in a video of his performance of Arkady Ostrovsky's 1966 "I Am Glad, 'Cause I'm Finally Returning Back Home." Khil sang "trololo" instead of censored lyrics. The original lyrics—about an American cowboy riding across a prairie—didn't sit well with Soviet censors, so Khil changed them in the quirky, vocalized version. In 2010 the video an Internet sensation in 2010.
1976 The Isle of Eigg, Scotland, was sold to Keith Schellenberg, an industrial heir, for $375,000. He sold it in 1995 for $2.3 million to the German artist Marlin Eckhardt. Eckhardt put the isle up for sale in 1996 as he was in debt and unable to sell his "pictures from the world beyond matter," produced by igniting paint on a fireproof canvas.
(SFC, 8/29/96, p.A14)
1976 South Africa's Surgeon General, Major N.J. Nieuwoudt, hired Dr. Wouter Basson to work for the SADF's medical military unit known as the 7th SAMS Battalion. Under Dr. Basson, head of the chemical and biological and weapons program, black prisoners were killed by injections. In 2000 Johan Theron, a former special forces officer, testified how he flung the victim’s corpses from an airplane into the Atlantic between 1979 and 1987. Theron and Gen. Fritz Loots had decided that there were too many guerrillas of the South West African People’s Organization in the prison camps.
(SFC, 5/5/00, p.A18)(www.crimelibrary.com/notorious_murders/mass/south_africa/2.html)
1976 Human type footprints were found at Laetoli, Tanzania. In 1978-79 Mary Leakey’s team excavated the 75-foot long trail of 47 footprints most likely made by Australopithecus afarensis.
(www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A944336)(PacDisc, Spring ‘96, p.2)
1976 Thailand’s King Bhumibol Adulyadej showed sympathy to the forces of the establishment who believed that students and other liberal forces were leading the country into chaos. In response the military again took the reins of power.
1976 In the Ukraine an 86-pound topaz crystal was found in the central Zhytomyr region. In 1997 it was stolen from a Kiev museum.
(SFC, 2/1/97, p.A15)
1976 In Venezuela Carlos Lanz and 5 others kidnapped an American executive and held him captive for the next 3½ years. Lanz later served time for military rebellion. In 2004 Pres. Chavez appointed Lanz to devise a plan for economic self-sufficiency for workers in cooperatives.
(WSJ, 12/24/04, p.A1)
1976 Sahrawis of Western Sahara proclaimed the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.
(Econ, 8/28/04, p.76)
1976 In Zaire (later Congo) the Ebola virus was discovered and named after a river there. The Ebola virus was 1st identified in western Sudan and the nearby region of Congo. The virus can stop blood from clotting causing patients to bleed. An outbreak of the Ebola virus killed 280 people, most of whom were infected by reused syringes and needles.
(SFC, 10/27/98, p.A5)(SFC, 1/8/02, p.A6)
1976 Rhodesian (Zimbabwe) guerilla leaders Joshua Nkomo, exiled in Zambia, and Roger Mugabe, in Mozambique, merged their guerrilla armies in a pact that held until 1979.
(SFC, 7/2/99, p.D6)
1976-1979 David H. Barnett, former CIA agent, pleaded guilty in 1980 to spying for the Soviet Union over this time while based in Indonesia. He admitted to exposing the identities of 30 US agents.
(SFC, 11/19/96, p.A17)
1976-1979 In Britain James Callahan served as Prime Minister.
(SFC, 12/7/96, p.A8)
1976-1979 In Nigeria Gen’l. Olusegun Obasanjo ruled as head of state. He relinquished the presidency after an election and was jailed by Abacha in 1995 for treason.
(SFC, 6/16/98, p.A10)
1976-1981 Joe Pistone, FBI agent, infiltrated the Bonanno family. His testimony later helped jail more than 120 mobsters.
(SFC, 5/10/04, p.A4)
1976-1982 In Mexico Jose Lopez Portillo served as president. It was an era marked by anti-guerrilla campaigns, ultra-nationalist foreign policies, and state-dominated protectionist economics.
(SFC, 11/28/98, p.C2)
1976-1982 A center-right government led Sweden.
(Econ, 9/15/07, p.66)
1976-1983 In Argentina in 1998 prosecutors identified 4 ex-military men as holders of Swiss bank accounts pillaged from political prisoners of this era. Former Gen’l. Antonio Bussi, former Sergeant Carlos Vega, former Lt. Alfredo Astiz, and Col. Roberto Roualdes (d.1995), were cited.
(SFC, 2/24/98, p.A11)
1976-1983 Mass killings marked these years known as Argentina’s “Dirty War” period. At least 9,000 people, suspected by the government of being leftist dissidents, were arrested, tortured and never seen again. In 1997 Adolfo Scilingo, a former naval officer, testified in Spain that as many as 1,500 Argentine navy officials participated in death flights, where people were hurled into the ocean. In 1998 Marguerite Feitlowitz published “A Lexicon of Terror,” covering the “Dirty War.” In 2000 an Italian court convicted 7 Argentine officers in absentia for kidnapping and killing Italian citizens in the “dirty war.” The military and police operated about 10 detention centers during the dictatorship in La Plata, a city of universities south of Buenos Aires where the crackdown's toll on college students was particularly severe.
(SFC, 10/10/97, p.D2)(SFC, 7/1/98, p.A8)(WSJ, 12/7/00, p.A1)(AP, 12/9/08)
1976-1987 Pham Van Dong headed the reunified Vietnam.
(SFC, 5/3/00, p.A24)
1976-1991 In Lebanon there was a 15 year civil war with no government and no army to control lawless groups.
(SFC, 2/19/96, p.A8)
1976-1996 Venezuela’s political establishment accumulated a growing control over the country’s assets.
(WSJ, 6/7/96, p.A15)
1976-1998 Chicago’s Gautreaux Assisted Housing Program helped more than 25,000 voluntary participants move to more than 100 communities throughout the metropolitan area, roughly half to integrated suburbs and half to integrated neighborhoods in the city.
1976-2005 Household saving in Japan began to fall from a peak this year of 23% of disposable income to around 6% in 2005.
(Econ, 9/24/05, Sur. p.12)