Timeline 1979

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1979        Jan 1, The US Federal Hourly Minimum Wage was set at $2.90 an hour.
    (http://tinyurl.com/2udkrd)
1979        Jan 1, China and the United States held celebrations in Beijing and Washington to mark the establishment of diplomatic relations between the two countries. Deng Xiaoping arranged to visit the US. China standardized the spelling of people and place names using the Pinyin system. Peking thus became Beijing.
    (SFC, 2/20/96, p.A4)(AP, 1/1/98)(SFC, 2/05/04, p.E8)
1979        Jan 1, UN Secretary General Kurt Waldheim signed a proclamation declaring 1979 as the International Year of the Child.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Year_of_the_Child)

1979        Jan 3, The top of the record charts included: Le Freak by Chic; Too Much Heaven by the Bee Gees; My Life by Billy Joel; The Gambler by Kenny Rogers.
    (440 Int'l. 1/3/99)
1979        Jan 3, Conrad Hilton (b.1887), American founder of the Hilton Hotel chain, died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conrad_Nicholson_Hilton)

1979        Jan 4, Ohio officials approved an out-of-court settlement awarding $675,000 to the victims and families in the 1970 shootings at Kent State University, in which four students were killed and nine wounded by National Guard troops.
    (HN, 1/4/99)(http://members.aol.com/nrbooks/chronol.htm)
1979        Jan 4, Charles Mingus (56), the most accomplished bassist in jazz history, died of Lou Gehrig’s disease. In 1999 the film "Charles Mingus: Triumph of the Underdog" was written and directed by Don McGlynn. In 2000 Gene Santoro authored "Myself when I Am Real: the Life and Music of Charles Mingus."
    (WSJ, 4/18/97, p.A16)(SFC, 4/27/98, p.E3)(SFC, 5/21/99, p.C3)(SFEC, 8/20/00, BR p.9)(WSJ, 8/22/00, p.A24)

1979        Jan 7, The Vietnamese army captured the Cambodian capital of Phnom Penh overthrowing the Khmer Rouge government. The People’s Party, a Hanoi installed Khmer Rouge faction, took power with Hun Sen as prime minister and Heng Samrin as president. This finally ended the mass genocide depicted in the 1984 film "The Killing Fields." The Khmer Rouge retreated into sanctuaries along the Thai border, set up bases and picked up support from Thailand and China.
    (WSJ, 2/27/96, p.A-1)(SFC, 6/14/97, p.A15)(WSJ, 5/3/96, p.A-10)(SFC, 4/29/97, p.A8)(AP, 1/7/98)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heng_Samrin)

1979        Jan 8, The US advised the Shah to get out of Iran.
    (HN, 1/8/99)

1979        Jan 9, The Bee Gees performed “Too Much Heaven," released in late 1978, as their contribution to the "Music for UNICEF" fund. It became part of their 13th album and topped the record charts.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Too_Much_Heaven)
1979        Jan 9, ABBA performed "Chiquitita" at the Music for UNICEF Concert held at the United Nations General Assembly to celebrate UNICEF's Year of the Child. ABBA donated the copyright of this worldwide hit to the UNICEF; see Music for UNICEF Concert. The single was released the following week, and reached #1 in ten countries.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ABBA)
1979        Jan 9, The Act of Montevideo was signed in Uruguay pledging Argentina and Chile to a peaceful solution and a return to the military situation of early 1977. Cardinal Antonio Samore (1905-1983), Vatican representative, mediated the Beagle conflict.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beagle_conflict)

1979        Jan 10, Billy Carter, the brother of US Pres. Jimmy Carter, made allegedly anti-Semitic remarks. Billy eventually registered as a foreign agent of the Libyan government and received a $220,000 loan. This led to a Senate hearing over alleged influence peddling which some in the press dubbed "Billygate."
    (http://tinyurl.com/2krnv2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Billy_Carter)

1979        Jan 12, Kenneth Bianchi, LA's Hillside Strangler, was arrested in Bellingham. He and his cousin Angelo Buono (d.2002 at 67) sexually assaulted and murdered as many as 13 young women (12-28) in 1977-1978, and dumping their bodies on LA-area hillsides. Bianchi testified against Buono to escape the death penalty. Buono was convicted on 9 of 10 murder counts and was sentenced to life in prison.
    (SSFC, 9/22/02, p.A7)(SFC, 10/1/02, p.A17)

1979        Jan 15, The Soviet Union vetoed a United Nations resolution and called for the withdrawal of all Vietnamese troops from Cambodia.
    (HN, 1/15/99)

1979        Jan 16, Aaliyeh (d.2001), R&B singer and actress, was born in Brooklyn and grew up in Detroit. In 2001 she was killed (22) in a plane crash in the Bahamas.
    (SFC, 8/27/01, p.A16)
1979        Jan 16, Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlevi fled Iran for Egypt as millions united with Ayatollah Khomeini calling for his death. The Shah of Iran was overthrown in a revolution led from exile by the Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, who established a Muslim Theocracy. Iran was overwhelmingly Shiite, which believes that authority is invested only in descendants of Muhammad’s son-in-law, Ali, who is buried in An Najaf, Iraq. The Shah of Iran fled and the Ayatollah Khomeini took charge.
    (NG, 5/88, p.653)(TMC, 1994, p.1979)(HN, 1/16/99)(AP, 1/16/05)

1979        Jan 19, Former Attorney General John N. Mitchell was released on parole after serving 19 months at a federal prison in Alabama.
    (AP, 1/19/98)

1979        Jan 21, The Pittsburgh Steelers became the first team to win three Super Bowls as they defeated the Dallas Cowboys 35-31 in Super Bowl 13.
    (AP, 1/22/04)
1979        Jan 21, Neptune became the outermost planet as Pluto moved closer due to their highly elliptical orbits.
    (www.videocosmos.com/calendar-january2131.shtm)

1979        Jan 22, Abu Hassan (Ali Hassan Salameh), the alleged planner of the 1972 Munich raid, was killed by a bomb in Beirut. He was the chief of operations for the Black September militant Palestinian group. Erica Chambers, a British passport holder, recruited by Mossad, triggered the huge car bomb. 
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ali_Hassan_Salameh)(HN,1/22/99)(Econ, 6/7/14, p.88)

1979        Jan 23, Willie Mays, former outfielder for the SF Giants, was elected to baseball's Hall of Fame.
    (SFC, 1/23/04, p.E2)
1979        Jan 23, The USAF's 388th Tactical Fighter Wing at Hill AFB, Utah, became the first unit anywhere to receive the F-16 Fighting Falcon. Lockheed Corp. produced the F-16 fighter jet. It became the first production military aircraft to incorporate a fly-by-wire control system.
    (WSJ, 3/22/96, p.A-1)(NPub, 2002, p.23)(www.f-16.net/timeline_1979.html)

1979        Jan 26, "Dukes of Hazzard" premiered on CBS and continued to 1985. Denver Pyle (d.1997 at 77) played Uncle Jesse. James Best (d.2015 at 88) played the inept Sheriff Roscoe P. Coltrane.
    (www.imdb.com/title/tt0078607/)(SFC,12/27/97, p.E2)(SFC, 4/10/15, p.D5)
1979        Jan 26, Nelson A. Rockefeller (70), former Vice President under Ford and 4-time governor of New York state, died in New York in the arms of Megan Marshack (25).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nelson_Rockefeller)(AP, 1/26/98)(Econ, 10/18/14, p.84)

1979        Jan 28, "The Wiz" closed at Majestic Theater in NYC after 1672 performances.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Wiz)

1979        Jan 29, President Jimmy Carter commuted the sentence of Patty Hearst (24) from 7 to 2 years. She had served 23 months in prison.
    (HN, 1/29/99)(SFC, 1/23/04, p.E2)
1979        Jan 29, President Carter formally welcomed Chinese Vice Premier Deng Xiaoping to the White House, following the establishment of diplomatic relations.
    (AP, 1/29/98)
1979        Jan 29, The 9-part TV miniseries "Backstairs" premiered. It was based on the 1961 book "My Thirty Years Backstairs at the White House" by Lillian Rogers Parks (d.1997 at 100).
    (SFC,11/12/97, p.A22)(www.imdb.com/title/tt0078565/)
1979        Jan 29, Brenda Spencer (b.1962), a teenager in San Diego, shot up an elementary school, killing 2 people and wounding 9. She told police she did it because, "I don’t like Mondays."
    (SFC, 3/6/01, p.A4)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brenda_Ann_Spencer)

1979        Jan 30, The civilian government of Iran announced it had decided to allow Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, who'd been living in exile in France, to return.
    (AP, 1/30/98)

1979        Jan, California Judge H. Warren Knight founded the Judicial Arbitration and Mediation Services, Inc. He founded JAMS due to his long-standing commitment to alternate dispute resolution (ADR).
    (www.jamsadr.com/welcome/founder.asp)
1979        Jan, A new Zimbabwe-Rhodesia constitution was approved in a nearly Whites-only referendum.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abel_Muzorewa)

1979        Feb 1, US Pres. Jimmy Carter legalized home brewing.
    (Hem., 8/96, p.113)(www.foamrangers.com/glossary_H.html)
1979        Feb 1, Newspaper heiress Patricia Hearst, whose prison sentence for bank robbery had been commuted by President Jimmy Carter, left a federal prison at Pleasanton near SF. She later published "Every Secret Thing."
    (AP, 2/1/99)(SFC, 2/4/99, p.A8)(SFEC, 5/16/99, p.A1)
1979        Feb 1, The People's Republic of China opened its 1st two American Consulates in San Francisco and Houston.
    (SFC, 1/30/04, p.E6)
1979        Feb 1, Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini received a tumultuous welcome in Tehran as he ended nearly 15 years of exile.
    (AP, 2/1/97)

1979        Feb 2, John Simon Ritchie (b.1957), better known as Sid Vicious, the bassist for the British Sex Pistols rock group, overdosed from heroin in NYC.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sid_Vicious)

1979        Feb 4, In San Mateo, Ca., a robbery at the Pay Less Super Drug Store at 666 Concar Drive left 3 young employees dead. Michael Olson (23), Billy Baumgarnter (17) and Tracy Anderson (16) were all shot in the back of the head. An estimated $20,000 was stolen. By 2007 the case was still open with no arrests.
    (SFC, 10/23/07, p.A12)(SSFC, 6/8/08, p.B2)
1979        Feb 4, In Peru police stormed the union held Cromotex factory in Lima. Union leader Nestor Cerpa was jailed for a year.
    (SFC, 12/25/96, p.A10)

1979        Feb 7, Josef Mengele (b.1911), Nazi concentration camp doctor and medical experimenter, accidentally drowned in Bertioga, Brazil. He was secretly buried in another man's grave in Brazil. [See Jun 6, 1985] In 1985 his identity was confirmed by DNA.  (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Josef_Mengele)

1979        Feb 8, In the Republic of the Congo Denis Sassou Nguesso (b.1943), a member of the Mbochi minority, began 13 years of rule as a Marxist dictator.
    (WSJ, 12/31/98, p.A10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Denis_Sassou-Nguesso)

1979        Feb 9, Allen Tate (b.1899), poet and exponent of the New Criticism, died in Nashville.
    (WSJ, 8/2/08, p.W9)(http://tinyurl.com/5g27ry)

1979        Feb 10, The NYC Metropolitan Museum announced the first major theft in 110-year history, a $150,000 Greek marble head.
    (HN, 2/10/97)

1979        Feb 11, In NYC "They're Playing Our Song" opened at the Imperial Theater and played for 1082 performances.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/They're_Playing_Our_Song)
1979        Feb 11, Followers of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini seized power in Iran, nine days after the religious leader returned to his home country following 15 years of exile. Premier Bakhtiar resigned.
    (AP, 2/11/97)

1979        Feb 12, Jean Renoir (b.1894), French actor and director (Rules of the Game), died in Beverly Hills, Ca. His body was returned to France.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean_Renoir)

1979        Feb 14, Adolph Dubs, the U.S. ambassador to Afghanistan, was kidnapped in Kabul by Muslim extremists and killed in a shootout between his abductors and police.
    (SFC, 9/28/96, p.A8)(AP, 2/14/98)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adolph_Dubs)
1979        Feb 14, Armed guerrillas attacked the U.S. embassy in Tehran.
    (HN, 2/14/98)

1979        Feb 15, The Temple City Kazoo Orchestra appeared on the Mike Douglas Show.
    (http://uk.youtube.com/watch?v=T75MC69N2IU)

1979        Feb 16, Nematollah Nassiri (b.1911), Iranian general and head of the Savak intelligence agency during the rule of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, was executed.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nematollah_Nassiri)

1979        Feb 17, China invaded Vietnam and began a "pedagogical" war against Vietnam. China completed its withdrawal on March 19. In China’s border war with Vietnam deputy commander Zhang Wannian led a victorious division offensive in the battle of Liang Shan.
    (www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/war/prc-vietnam.htm)(SFC, 9/18/97, p.C2)

1979        Feb 18, The miniseries "Roots: Next Generations" premiered on ABC TV.
    (www.imdb.com/title/tt0078678/)
1979        Feb 18, Snow fell in the Sahara Desert of southern Algeria.
    (www.distant.ca/UselessFacts/fact.asp?ID=103)

1979        Feb 22, St. Lucia gained full independence from Britain and Sir John Compton became the first prime minister.
    (PCh, 1992, p.1072)(SFC, 7/1/97, p.A9)(SFC, 3/22/99, p.A10)

1979        Feb 23, The US EPA approved ARCO Petroleum’s petition for the use of MTBE as a 2-5% blend in gasoline to boost octane .
    (SSFC, 8/26/01, p.A17)(http://tinyurl.com/34a9bg)

1979        Feb 26, A total solar eclipse cast a moving shadow 175 miles wide from Oregon to North Dakota before moving into Canada. This was the last total solar eclipse of the 20th century for the continental US.
    (AP, 2/26/99)(SC, 2/26/02)

1979        Feb 27, Jane M. Byrne confounded Chicago's Democratic political machine as she upset Mayor Michael A. Bilandic to win their party's mayoral primary. Byrne went on to win the election.
    (AP, 2/27/99)

1979        Feb 28, Ernest Thompson's play "On Golden Pond," premiered in NYC.
    (www.ibdb.com/production.asp?ID=3923)

1979        Feb, Texas pacific Group bought Del Monte Corp. and took it private. They sold a 38% share back to the public in 1999 at $15 per share.
    (SFC, 2/6/99, p.D1)
1979        Feb, Farm workers in California began a mass walkout in the UFW supported great lettuce strike.
    (SFEM, 4/13/97, p.34)

1979        Mar 1, "Sweeney Todd" with Angel Lansbury opened at Uris Theater in NYC for 557 performances. The score was by Stephen Sondheim.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sweeney_Todd)(SFEC, 5/31/98, BR p.1)

1979        Mar 3, Mustafa Barzani (b.1903), Iranian Kurd leader (KDP), died in Washington, DC. He was succeeded by his son Massoud.
    (SFC, 9/4/96, A7)(WSJ, 12/20/02, p.A14)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mustafa_Barzani)

1979        Mar 4, "Grand Tour" closed at Palace Theater in NYC after 61 performances.
    (www.ibdb.com/production.asp?ID=3913)
1979        Mar 4, The US Voyager I obtained the first image of Jupiter's rings.
    (http://spacephysics.ucr.edu/index.php?content=v25/v4.html)
1979        Mar 4, Willi Unsoeld, mountain climber, died in an avalanche on Mt. Rainier, Wa. In 2002 Robert Roper authored "Fatal Mountaineer: The High Altitude Life and Death of Willi Unsoeld, American Himalayan Legend."
    (SSFC, 3/29/02, p.M3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Willi_Unsoeld)

1979        Mar 5, Voyager I made its closest approach to Jupiter (128,400 miles).
    (www.jpl.nasa.gov/history/70s/Voyager1_1979.htm)

1979        Mar 6, Chinese forces occupied Vietnam’s city of Lang Son. They claimed the gate to Hanoi was open, declared their punitive mission achieved, and withdrew quickly.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sino-Vietnamese_War)

1979        Mar 8, Cesar Chavez led some 5,000 striking farmworkers on a march through the streets of Salinas, Ca.
    (SFC, 2/05/04, p.E8)

1979        Mar 13, European Monetary System (EMS) entered into force.
    (http://europa.eu.int/abc/history/1961/index_en.htm)

1979        Mar 15, In Brazil Gen. Joao Baptista Figueiredo (d.1999 at 81) began serving as president and continued to 1985. Aureliano Chaves (d.2003 at 74) served as VP. Figueiredo was the last of 5 generals to rule during the 1964-1985 dictatorship. He oversaw the transition to democracy begun by his predecessor Ernesto Geisel. Inflation during his rule rose from 43% a year to 230% a year when he left office.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jo%C3%A3o_Baptista_de_Oliveira_Figueiredo)(SFC, 12/25/99, p.B4)(SFC, 5/2/03, p.A26)

1979        Mar 18, Iranian authorities detained American feminist Kate Millett, a day before deporting her and a companion for what were termed "provocations."
    (AP, 3/18/99)

1979        Mar 19, The U.S. House of Representatives began televising its day-to-day business. Brian Lamb launched C-Span, a TV public service broadcasting medium that focused on public affairs without comment or analysis. He came up with the idea while working the Washington bureau chief for Cablevision magazine.
    (AP, 3/19/97)(SSFC, 3/27/05, Par p.14)(Econ, 3/24/12, p.34)

1979        Mar 20, In Rome, Italy, the Mafia killed Mino Pecorelli, a magazine editor. In 1996 Premier Giulio Andreotti went on trial for allegedly turning to the Mafia to kill the troublesome journalist. Andreotti was acquitted by a jury in 1999. 5 others were also acquitted. In 2002 an appeal court in Perugia sentenced Giulio Andreotti to 24 years imprisonment for ordering the murder of Pecorelli.
    (http://foi.missouri.edu/jouratrisk/italysexpm.html)(SFC, 4/12/96, p.A-12)(SFC, 9/25/99, p.A14)

1979        Mar 21, The Egyptian Parliament unanimously approved a peace treaty with Israel.
    (AP, 3/21/99)

1979        Mar 22, The opera "Miss Havisham’s Fire" by Dominick Argento premiered at the NYC Opera with two 80-minute acts. It was based on a character in the 1861 novel “Great Expectations" by Charles Dickens.
    (WSJ, 7/2/01, p.A12)(www.historicopera.com/listing_operas.htm)
1979        Mar 22, The Israeli parliament approved a peace treaty with Egypt.
    (www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Peace/begin_closing.html)

1979        Mar 23, Paul McCartney and Wings released "Goodnight Tonight."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Goodnight_Tonight)

1979        Mar 25, In Northern Ireland Gerard Evans (24) disappeared after leaving a dance. His body was found in 2010. He had been abducted, executed and secretly buried by the IRA for passing information on IRA activities to the police.
    (AP, 10/17/10)(www.tribune.ie/article/2009/jan/18/put-that-family-out-of-its-misery/)

1979        Mar 26, In the 41st NCAA Men's Basketball Championship the Michigan State Spartans beat the Indiana State Sycamores, 75-64, as Magic Johnson outscored Larry Bird, 24-19; this snapped Indiana State's 33-game win streak. In 2009 Seth Davis authored “When March Went Mad: The Game That Transformed Basketball."
    (http://espn.go.com/sportscentury/moments/9903.html)(WSJ, 3/20/09, p.W10)
1979        Mar 26, The Camp David peace treaty was signed by Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin and Egyptian President Anwar Sadat at the White House. [see Sep 5-17, 1978] Under the historic peace accord, Israel and Egypt agreed to operate flights between the countries.
    (AP, 3/26/97)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Camp_David_Accords)(AP, 9/16/12)

1979        Mar 27, The U.S. Supreme Court ruled 8-1 that police could not stop motorists at random to check licenses and registrations unless there was reason to believe a law had been broken.
    (AP, 3/27/97)

1979        Mar 28, America's worst commercial nuclear accident occurred inside the Unit Two reactor at the Three Mile Island plant near Middletown, Pa., almost to meltdown. Thousands living near the plant left the area before the 12-day crisis ended, during which time some radioactive water and gases were released. A combination of mechanical and human factors allowed the Unit 2 reactor to lose cooling water. It cost more than $1 billion and more than a decade to remove the damaged nuclear fuel. A 1997 study indicated increased cancer rates for people living downwind.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1979)(SFC, 6/8/96, p.A2)(SFC, 2/24/96, p.A3)(AP, 3/28/97) (HN, 3/28/98)(MC, 3/28/02)
1979        Mar 28, Michelle Triola Marvin lost her palimony suit against actor Lee Marvin. She had sought half of $3.6 million that Marvin earned during their 1964-1970 relationship. A judge awarded her $104,000 so that she could learn new job skills. In 1981 a California State Court of Appeal rescinded the award.
    (SFC, 1/1/09, p.B5)(http://law.jrank.org/pages/3295/Marvin-V-Marvin-Palimony-Suit-1979.html)

1979        Mar 29, Larry Singleton was convicted by a San Diego jury on multiple counts for the 1978 rape and mutilation of Mary Vincent. He was sentenced to 14 years in prison. He was paroled in 1987.
    (SFC, 1/1/02, p.A13)
1979        Mar 29, Emmett Kelly (b.1898), American circus clown (Weary Willy), died in Arizona.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emmett_Kelly)
1979        Mar 29, In China dissident Wei Jingsheng (b.1950) was first arrested in the crackdown on the Democracy Wall pro-democracy movement. In his most famous essay, The Fifth Modernization, Wei argued that modernization was impossible in China without necessary democratic reform. On December 13, 1995, Wei Jingsheng (47) was sentenced to 14 years in prison and charged with "conspiring to subvert the government." In 1997, after a total of 18 years in prison, Wei was taken from his cell and placed on a plane bound for the United States as a bargain result between then US President Clinton and the Chinese President Jiang Zemin.
    (SFEC,11/16/97, p.A2)(www.weijingsheng.org/wei/en.html)

1979        Mar 30, Northern Ireland spokesman Airey Neave, a leading member of the British parliament, was killed by a bomb planted by the Irish National Liberation Army (INLA) in the House of Commons car park in London.
    (AP, 3/30/99)(AP, 2/8/10)
1979        Mar 30, Anthrax spores leaked from a secret germ-warfare plant and spread over Sverdlovsk (Yekaterinburg), Russia. Over the course of 2 months at least 105 people died of anthrax poisoning. [see Apr 2] Reports did not emerge until October.
    (WSJ, 10/11/01, p.A22)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sverdlovsk_Anthrax_leak)

1979        Mar 31, The Arab League suspended Egypt following its treaty with Israel.
    (www.safarix.com/0131900048/ch08)

1979        Mar, Jan Scruggs, a veteran of Vietnam, saw the movie "The Deer Hunter," and was inspired to build a memorial to all the men who served in the war. I’m going to build a memorial to all the guys who served in Vietnam. It’ll have the names of everyone killed. He garnered the help of two other vets, Robert Doubek and Jack Wheeler.
    (NG, May 1985, p.555)
1979        Mar, In SF Herb Caen wrote his famous "Newspaper Stuff" column in which he documented the origin of "etaoin shrdlu," the characters of the 2 left hand columns of the lower case keyboard of the linotype machine used to indicate needed corrections, but occasionally appearing in print.
    (SFC, 2/4/98, p.A21)
1979        Mar, Ismail Khan, a Persian speaking Sunni Tajik and Major in Afghan army, led a mutiny/insurrection against the Taraki regime's Sawr (or April) Revolution (Taraki's inspired Afghan societal liberalization and land reform). Khan's revolt resulted in the slaughter of Soviet Afghan advisors and their families. This insurrection was met by a brutal Afghan and Soviet response that killed an estimated 24,000 Heratis in a single week and destroyed much of the famous Central Asian crossroad city.
    (www.ccc.nps.navy.mil/si/2004/jul/johnsonJul04.asp)
1979        Mar, China Premier Deng Xiaoping received Sir Murray McLehose, Gov. of Hong Kong (1971-1982). McLehose raised the issue of the 1997 end of lease and Deng said Hong Kong can rest at ease.
    (SFC, 7/1/97, p.A8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transfer_of_the_sovereignty_of_Hong_Kong)
1979        Mar, A referendum in Scotland failed to produce clear support for the devolution of power from London to a Scottish assembly.
    (Reuters, 2/16/12)

1979        Apr 1, San Francisco’s first annual St. Stupid’s Day Parade, founded by Ed Holmes, was held in the Financial district to mock greed.
    (SFEC, 4/2/00, p.B2)(SFC, 4/2/08, p.B1)
1979        Apr 1, Assadullah Sarwari (b.1941), former air force commander under Pres. Khan, became head of Afghan secret police (AGSA). He was later arrested for involvement in the arbitrary arrest, torture and mass killing of hundreds of opponents and spent 13 years in jail before his trial began on Dec 26, 2005.
    (www.trial-ch.org/en/trial-watch/profile/db/facts/assadullah_sarwari_452.html)
1979                 Apr 1,  Iran proclaimed to be an Islamic Republic after the fall of the Shah.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran)

1979        Apr 2, Israeli PM Menachem Begin visited Cairo, Egypt, and met with Pres. Sadat.
    (www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/History/time70s.html#1979)
1979        Apr 2, Anthrax was found to have leaked from the secret lab of Compound 19 in Sverdlovsk (later renamed Yekaterinburg) in the Ural Mountains. It caused a local epidemic that killed at least 64/66 people. Pres. Yeltsin acknowledged the leak in 1992 and allowed a team of researchers to investigate the site. In 2000 Jeanne Guillemin authored "Anthrax: The Investigation of a Deadly Outbreak." [see Mar 30]
    (SFC, 2/19/00, p.A14)(SFEC, 8/13/00, BR p.7)(WSJ, 9/18/01, p.B1)

1979        Apr 3, Democrat Jane M. Byrne (1934-2014) was elected as the 1st woman mayor of Chicago, defeating Republican Wallace D. Johnson. She continued in office to 1983 when she lost to state Sen. Harold Washington.
    (AP, 4/3/97)(SSFC, 11/16/14, p.C8)
1979        Apr 3, In Belgium Wilfried Achiel Emma Martens (b.1936) became prime minister for the 1st of 9 times.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wilfried_Martens)


1979        Apr 4, Bechtel Corp. announced that it had won a contract to manage construction of a 115-square-mile airport for Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The cost was estimated a $3 billion.
    (SFC, 4/2/04, p.F3)
1979        Apr 4, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto (51), the deposed prime minister of Pakistan, was hanged after he was convicted of conspiring to murder a political opponent.
    (AP, 4/4/99)(HN, 4/4/99)

1979        Apr 5, The play “Faith Healer" by Brian Friel opened on Broadway with James Mason as Frank. It closed after 3 weeks.
    (Econ, 2/25/06, p.88)(www.ibdb.com/production.asp?ID=3933)

1979        Apr 6, The U.S. cut off aid to Pakistan, because of that country’s covert construction of a uranium enrichment facility.
    (HNQ, 11/14/99)
1979        Apr 6, The US Alien Torts Claims Act (ATCA) of 1789, meant to combat piracy, sprang back to life when it was used to allow two Paraguayans to sue a former Paraguayan policeman in an American court for acts of torture committed in Paraguay.
    (Econ, 10/6/12, p.34)(Econ, 4/20/13, p.34)
1979        Apr 6, In India the United Liberation Front of Assam was created to fight for independence from India. The Ahom tribe was the major ethnic group of Assam.
    (SFC, 4/5/00, p.A11)(AP, 4/6/09)

1979        Apr 8, The 204th and final episode of "All in the Family" ran on TV.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/All_in_the_Family)

1979        Apr 9, The 51st Academy Awards were held at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion in LA. "Deer Hunter" won as the best film. Jon Voight won as best actor in “Coming Home." Jane Fonda won as best actress in “Coming Home."  Lacy J. Dalton won the Academy of Country Music’s Best New Female Vocalist Award.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/51st_Academy_Awards)(SFC, 7/7/96, DB p.28)(SFC, 3/20/02, p.D1)

1979        Apr 10, Nino Rota (b.1911), Italian composer (Torquemada, Romeo & Juliette), died from cancer.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nino_Rota)
1979        Apr 10, The US Government established the Taiwan Relations Act which said: "to make clear that the US decision to establish diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China rests upon the expectation that the future of Taiwan will be determined by peaceful means."
    (WSJ, 1/31/96, p.A-18)(www.taiwandocuments.org/tra01.htm)
1979        Apr 10, In Zimbabwe the first democratic parliamentary elections were held. The United African National Congress, led by Bishop Abel Tendekayi Muzorewa (b.1925), won 51 seats. The Zimbabwe African National Union, led by Ndabaningi Sithole (1920-2000), won 12 seats.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zimbabwe_Rhodesia_general_election,_1979)(SFC, 11/23/07, p.B14)

1979        Apr 11, Chinese diplomats of Cambodia crossed into Thailand after a 15-day, 125-mile escape from the Vietnamese Army. In 1992 "Chinese Diplomats in International Crisis Situations" was authored by Yun Shui. An English translation came out in 2003.
    (AP, 1/13/03)
1979        Apr 11, Idi Amin was deposed as president of Uganda as rebels and exiles backed by Tanzanian forces seized control of Kampala. Amin escaped to Libya and settled into exile in Saudi Arabia.
    (AP, 4/11/97)(SFC, 10/15/99, p.D7)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Idi_Amin)

1979        Apr 20, Howard K. Smith (d.2002) resigned as news analyst for ABC over the curtailment of his commentary.
    (SFC, 2/19/02, p.A14)(http://tinyurl.com/384oxz)

1979        Apr 22, Samir Kantar (b.1962) and 3 PLF terrorists killed three Israelis in the northern city of Nahariya.
    (AP, 10/25/04)(http://shlemazl.blogspot.com/2006/07/hezbollah-about-to-strike-syria.html)

1979        Apr 23, In Britain Blair Peach (b.1946), a New Zealand-born teacher, died. A day earlier he was taking part in a protest against the far-right National Front in west London when he was hit on the head with what is thought to have been a lead-filled cosh or a police radio. Details of a long-secret report were made public in 2010 but the name of an officer under "grave suspicion" over the killing were blacked out.
    (AFP, 4/27/10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blair_Peach)

1979        Apr 24, The hit song "Georgia on My Mind," written in 1930 with lyrics by Stuart Gorrell and music by Hoagy Carmichael, was declared the state song of Georgia. Georgia-born singer Ray Charles (1930-2004) made the song famous.
    (www.promotega.org/vsu00011/georgia_book.htm)

1979        Apr 25, N. Chernykh, Soviet-Russian, discovered asteroids #2656: Evenkia & #3653.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nikolai_Stepanovich_Chernykh)

1979        Apr 26, The US Treasury failed to redeem $122 million of Treasury bills on time. The Treasury was also late in redeeming T-bills which become due on May 3 and May 10, 1979.
    (http://tinyurl.com/4ylmaz5)(Econ, 6/25/11, p.83)

1979        Apr 28, Carlos Muniz Varela, a Cuban travel agent and an activist for Puerto Rico's independence, was killed in Puerto Rico.
    (AP, 3/29/06)(www.rocla.org/Actions/MunizVarela.html)

1979        Apr 29, Democracy was restored in Ecuador. Jaime Roldos Aguilera was elected as president in a 2nd round of voting. He was killed in plane crash in 1981.
    (AP, 4/21/05)(Econ, 10/14/06, p.39)(www.binghamton.edu/cdp/era/elections/ecu79pres.html)

1979        Apr, Bernard A. Goldhirsh (1940-2003) published the 1st issue of Inc. Magazine.
    (www.inc.com/magazine/20030901/legacy.html)
1979        Apr, Bishop Able Muzorewa won elections in Rhodesia (later Zimbabwe).
    (SFC, 11/23/07, p.B14)

1979        May 1, Elton John and Ray Cooper performed the first of 5 concerts in Israel. They performed 3 times in Jerusalem and twice in Tel Aviv ending in Tel Aviv on May 6.
    (www.vex.net/~paulmac/elton/ej1979.html)
1979        May 1, In recognition of the evolving political status of the Marshall Islands, the US recognized the constitution of the Marshall Islands and the establishment of the Government of the Republic of the Marshall Islands.
   
1979        May 1, Denmark gave home rule to Greenland, but continued to make key decisions on law and order. The legislative basis for the Home Rule Administration is Act no 56 of 21 February 1979 which came into force on 1 May 1979 following a referendum in Greenland.
    (WSJ, 1/13/04, p.A4)(www.gh.gl/uk/govern/organiza.htm)
1979        May 1, The people of the Marshall Islands ratified their own constitution and the constitutional government came into being. In recognition of the evolving political status of the Marshall Islands, the US recognized the constitution of the Marshall Islands and the establishment of the Government of the Republic of the Marshall Islands. Mr. Amata Kabua  (1928-1996) became the first president.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amata_Kabua)(www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/26551.htm)
1979        May 1, In Northern Ireland Frederick Lutton (39), a recently retired police reservist, was murdered by two IRA gunmen.
    (http://metro.co.uk/2007/08/19/security-force-spy-to-be-named-47857/)(Econ, 2/23/13, p.55)

1979        May 3,    Britain held general elections. Conservative Party leader Margaret Thatcher was chosen to become Britain's first female prime minister as the Tories ousted the incumbent Labor government in parliamentary elections. In 2008 Claire Berlinski authored “There Is No Alternative: Why Margaret Thatcher Matters."
    (AP, 5/3/97)(HN, 5/3/98)(WSJ, 11/18/08, p.A19)
1979        May 3, In the Philippines a UN Conference on Trade and Development opened as thousands of squatters around Manila were forcibly moved out of sight.
    (SFC, 11/18/96, p.A12)(www.lawphil.net/executive/execord/eo1978/eo_497_1978.html)

1979        May 4, Margaret Thatcher (b.1925), leader of the Conservative Party, was sworn in as Britain's first female prime minister. She continued in office for 3 terms until 1990.
    (www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/thatcher_margaret.shtml)

1979        May 5, The recording "In The Navy" by The Village People reached #9 on the pop singles chart.
    (www.1050chum.com/index_chumcharts.aspx?chart=1166)

1979        May 7, An estimated 125,000 people rallied against nuclear power in Washington, DC.
    (SFC, 5/7/04, p.F2)

1979        May 8, Radio Shack released TRSDOS 2.3.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/TRS-DOS)

1979        May 9, A disguised bomb injured John Harris, a Northwestern Univ. graduate student. It was later attributed to the Unabomber Theodore Kaczynski.
    (SFEC,11/9/97, Z1 p.4)

1979        May 13, In Tehran, Iran, the Shah and his family, who had fled in January, were sentenced to death.
    (http://openweb.tvnews.vanderbilt.edu/1979-5/1979-05-13-ABC-8.html)

1979        May 15, In Ghana J.J. Rawlings (b.1947) led an unsuccessful coup d'état that resulted in his arrest, imprisonment, and a death sentence.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jerry_Rawlings)

1979        May 16, Asa Philip Randolph (b.1889), black labor leader and civil rights pioneer, died in NYC. Randolph brought the word of trade unionism to millions of African American households.
    (www.aflcio.org/aboutus/history/history/randolph.cfm)

1979        May 19, The recording "Shake Your Body (Down To The Ground)" by The Jacksons peaked at #5 on the pop singles chart.
    (www.1050chum.com/index_chumcharts.aspx?artist=8900)
1979        May 19, The Regents of the Univ. of California asked General Motors to stop doing business with the police and military forces in South Africa.
    (SFC, 5/14/04, p.F5)

1979        May 20, Helen Smith (b.1956), a British nurse, died after reportedly fall from a balcony in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. The bodies of Helen and Johannes Otten (35), a Dutch tugboat captain, were found in the street 70 feet below a sixth floor balcony. Helen was found lying in the road fully clothed and Johannes, whose underpants were around his thighs, was impaled upon the spiked railings surrounding the apartment block. Helen’s father, Ron Smith, did not allow her burial because he did not believe official Saudi and British reports that the death was an accident. He believed his daughter was murdered and that her body could provide forensic evidence to expose a cover up. In 2009 Smith and his ex-wife decided to cremate their daughter before they both died.
    (AP, 11/9/09)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helen_Smith_%28nurse%29)

1979        May 21, Former San Francisco City Supervisor Dan White was convicted of voluntary manslaughter in the 1978 murders of Mayor George Moscone and Supervisor Harvey Milk. The verdict set off the "White Night Riots," involving thousands of protesters outside City Hall. $400,000 worth of property damage resulted including 14 police cars.
    (SFC, 7/11/96, p.C2)(AP, 5/21/97)(SFC, 11/26/98, p.A19)

1979        May 22, Canadians went to the polls in parliamentary elections that put the Progressive Conservatives under Joseph Clark in power, ending the 11-year tenure of PM Pierre Elliott Trudeau.
    (AP, 5/22/97)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canadian_federal_election,_1979)

1979        May 25, 273 people died in America's worst domestic air disaster when an American Airlines DC-10 crashed during takeoff at Chicago's O'Hare International Airport. The left engine was lost on takeoff. 3 of the dead were on the ground.
    (WSJ, 9/13/01, p.B11)(AP, 5/25/07)
1979        May 25, Etan Patz (6), the first missing child to appear on the side of a milk carton, disappeared on the way to school in the Soho area of New York City. It was the first time he was allowed to walk 2 blocks to the bus stop alone. The case led to the 1983 creation of National Missing Children's Day, marked on May 25. In 2013 Pedro Hernandez of New Jersey faced murder charges for killing Patz. On May 8, 2015, a judge declared a mistrial after a jury failed to convict Hernandez.
    (AFP, 4/20/12)(Econ, 4/28/12, p.36)(SFC, 5/9/15, p.A6)
1979        May 25, Israel began to return Sinai to Egypt. Under the new peace treaty, Israel returned the captured Sinai to Egypt. In return, Egypt agreed to leave the area demilitarized.
    (www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/History/time70s.html)(AP, 1/31/11)

1979        May 29, US District Judge John Wood (b.1916) was assassinated in San Antonio as he was about to preside in a drug conspiracy trial against Jimmy Chagra. Joe Chagra (1946-1996), Jimmy’s brother, conspired in the killing and served as a prosecution witness against Charles V. Harrelson. Joe served 6 1/2 of 10 years. Charles Harrelson (d.2007) was convicted of the murder. Prosecutors said a drug dealer facing trial had hired Harrelson to kill the judge, who was known for giving maximum sentences. In 1985 Harrelson’s son Woody began an acting career with a role in “Cheers."
    (SFC, 12/11/96, p.A24)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_H._Wood,_Jr.)(SFC, 3/21/07, p.B7)
1979        May 29, Mary Pickford (b.1892), silent film star, died a wealthy recluse. Her life is documented in the 1997 book: "Pickford: The Woman Who Made Hollywood" by Eileen Whitfield. She was married for 42 years to Buddy Rogers (d.1999).
    (www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/pickford/timeline/timeline2.html)(SFC, 4/22/99, p.D2)
1979        May 29, Bishop Abel Muzorewa was sworn in as the first black PM of Zimbabwe-Rhodesia - the name given to the country in the brief period before full independence.
    (www.thehistorychannel.co.uk/site/this_day_in_history/this_day_May_29.php)

1979        May 31, Zimbabwe proclaimed its independence following a British brokered cease-fire.
    (HN, 5/31/98)(SFC, 7/2/99, p.D6)

1979        May, Drs. David Seeburg and David Goeddel used a Univ. of California sample of human growth hormone for experimental data. A paper later published in Nature attributed all the data to Genentech research. UC took Genentech to federal court in 1999 for patent infringement.
    (SFC, 5/21/99, p.B1,2)
1979        May, The National Association of Immigration Judges was created.
    (SFC, 1/31/02, p.A7)(www.flra.gov/decisions/v12/12-068-3.html)
1979        May, Peter Ompir (b.1904), American folk artist born as Charles Burns, died.
    (SFC, 1/17/07, p.G2)(http://tinyurl.com/32co6m)

1979        Jun 1, Paul McCartney and Wings released "Old Siam, Sir" on its Back to the Egg album
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Old_Siam,_Sir)
1979        Jun 1, Janice Holt Giles (b.1905), American historical novelist, died. Her 13 novels included "Hannah Fowler" and "The Believers."
    (WSJ, 7/29/99, p.A24)(www.cumberlandbooks.com/janiceholtgiles.php)
1979        Jun 1, Werner Forssman (b.1904), German urologist, (Nobel 1956), died. He was the first to catheterize a human heart. In 1929, at the age of 25, while doing his surgical training at Eberswalde, a small town near Berlin, he introduced a urethral catheter into his own right atrium. Using a mirror he advanced the catheter under fluoroscopic control and then climbed the stairs to the x ray department where a chest film was taken.  (http://tinyurl.com/3d9ys3)(http://tinyurl.com/2v4chn)
1979         Jun 1, The Government of Zimbabwe-Rhodesia took office under the internal settlement negotiated between the government of Rhodesia and moderate African nationalists. Abel Tendekayi Muzorewa (b.1925) served as the first prime minister under Pres. Josiah Zion Gumede.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Government_of_Zimbabwe-Rhodesia)

1979        Jun 2, Pope John Paul II, formerly Cardinal Karol Wojtyla of Warsaw, arrived in his native Poland on the first visit by a pope to a Communist country.
    (SFC, 11/20/96, p.C1)(SFEC, 6/1/97, p.D1)(AP, 6/2/97)
1979        Jun 2, Jim Hutton (b.1934), TV and screen actor, died. In the early 1970s Hutton began working almost exclusively in television and played the title role of Ellery Queen in the 1975 made-for-television movie that led to the 1975-76 television series Ellery Queen.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jim_Hutton)

1979        Jun 3, In the 33rd Tony Awards: Elephant Man & Sweeny Todd won.
    (http://tinyurl.com/2lytw4)
1979        Jun 3, Ixtoc 1, an exploratory oil well in the Gulf of Mexico, blew and spilled an estimated 3.3 million barrels of oil by March 1980.
    (SFC, 11/20/02, p.A14)(Econ, 5/8/10, p.69)

1979        Jun 4, Charles Joseph Clark (b.1939), Progressive Conservative, became the 16th Prime Minister of Canada. He served to March 3, 1980.
    (AP, 6/4/07)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joe_Clark)
1979        Jun 4, In Ghana friends of J.J. Rawlings (b.1947), led by Major Boakye Djan, overthrew the military government of General Fred Akuffo in a bloody coup.
    (SFC, 12/6/96, p.B1)
1979        Jun 4, South African Pres. Vorster resigned due to scandal. Marais Viljoen became the last non-executive State President of South Africa and served until September 3, 1984.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marais_Viljoen)

1979        Jun 6, Jack Haley (b.1898), actor, died of cancer. He is best known for his portrayal of the Tin Man and farm worker Hickory in The Wizard of Oz.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jack_Haley)

1979        Jun 7, Rocker Chuck Berry (b.1926) was charged with tax evasion. He performed at the White House at the request of President Jimmy Carter on June 1. A month later he began a five-month sentence for income tax evasion.
    (www.rockhall.com/inductee/chuck-berry)(http://tinyurl.com/3aqzze)
1979        Jun 7, Bhaskara 1, an Indian Earth resources meteorology satellite, was launched.
    (www.csre.iitb.ac.in/isro/bhaskara1.html)

1979        Jun 7-1979 Jun 10, The first elections to the European Parliament by direct universal suffrage were held. The turnout for the vote was 63%.
    (http://europa.eu.int/abc/history/1979/index_en.htm)(Econ, 5/9/09, p.56)
1979        Jun 7-1979 Jun 10, Belgian PM Leo Tindemans led his party during the first direct elections to the European Parliament, winning with 983,000 votes, still a record for any election in Belgium.
    (Reuters, 12/26/14)

1979        Jun 11, Actor John Wayne died of cancer at age 72. He was born as Marion Morrison in Iowa. His 1973 album "America, Why I Love Her" was re-released. The words were co-written with John Mitchum (d.2001). In 2014 Scott Eyman authored “John Wayne: The Life and Legend."
    (SFEC, 11/3/96, Z1 p.2)(SFEC, 11/17/96, Par p.2)(SFEC, 2/23/97, BR p.1)(AP, 6/11/97)(SFC, 12/3/01, p.A17)(Econ, 4/19/14, p.75)

1979        Jun 12, Cyclist Bryan Allen (26) flew the manpowered Gossamer Albatross across the English Channel. This was the first man powered craft to fly across the English Channel. The bicycle plane was designed by Paul MacCready (1925-2007).
    (Hem, Nov.'95, p.138)(AP, 6/12/97)(WSJ, 9/1/07, p.A4)

1979        Jun 13, Sioux Indians were awarded $105 million in compensation for the U.S. seizure in 1877 of their Black Hills in South Dakota.
    (HN, 6/13/98)
1979        Jun 13, Ahmed Zahir (b.1946), Afghanistan pop star, was killed in a car crash. His death is believed to have been arranged by Hafizullah Amin.
    (Econ, 12/6/03, p.38)(www.ahmadzahir.com/biography.php)

1979        Jun 16, In Aleppo, Syria, Captain Ibrahim  el-Yousuf, the officer on duty (in charge of moral and political steering and head of Ba’ath Party Unit) at the Military Artillery school, committed a massacre, killing 32 cadets and wounding 54 others. The culprits targeted cadets from the Alawite sect, however the then minister of information Mr. Ahmad Iskander Ahmad stated that they included Christians and  Sunni Muslims. Immediately after the massacre, a country-wide campaign was started to uproot  the Muslim Brotherhood organization.
    (www.shrc.org.uk/data/aspx/d5/315.aspx)

1979        Jun 18, President Carter and Soviet President Leonid I. Brezhnev signed the SALT II strategic arms limitation treaty in Vienna. The agreement set a ceiling on long-range bombers and missiles and limited development to only one new land-base missile system for the duration of the treaty.
    (AP, 6/18/97)(HNQ, 11/15/99)

1979        Jun 19, In Mali presidential and general elections were held. Moussa Traore was elected President and Mady Sangare was elected as Speaker of the National Assembly.
    (www.etat.sciencespobordeaux.fr/_anglais/chronologie/mali.html)

1979        Jun 20, Robin Samsoe (12) was kidnapped in Huntington Beach, Ca. Her dismembered and decomposing body was found 12 days later in the Angeles National Forest. Rodney Alcala was arrested and convicted of the slaying in 1980, but the sentence was overturned. He was convicted again in 1986 but a judge faulted the ruling in 2005 and a retrial was scheduled. Alcala pleaded innocent to 4 other sex-torture killings that dated back to 1977.
    (SFC, 11/23/05, p.B3)(www.kleph.com/story/ruling.htm)
1979        Jun 20, Nikola Kavaja (d.2008 at 77) hijacked a US passenger jet with the intention of crashing it into Yugoslav Communist Party headquarters in Belgrade. He abandoned his hijack mission in Ireland, saying at the time he was not sure of the exact location of the downtown party office and did not want innocent civilians to die if the jet missed the target.
    (AP, 11/12/08)(www.nytimes.com/2008/11/12/world/europe/12kavaja.html)
1979        Jun 20, ABC News correspondent Bill Stewart was shot to death in Managua, Nicaragua, by a member of President Anastasio Somoza's national guard.
    (AP, 6/20/99)

1979        Jun 21, Mayor Diane Feinstein returned from her visit to China, where she signed a sister-city relationship with Shanghai. In August Wang Bingnam announced that San Francisco and Shanghai will become “friendship cities."
    (SFC, 6/27/96, p.A3)(SFC, 12/15/99, p.A19)(SFC, 6/18/04, p.F2)(SFC, 8/27/04, p.F2)

1979        Jun 24, Brenda Lynn Judd and Sandra Colley were kidnapped in Reno, Nevada, by Gerald Gallego (b.1946) and Charlene Williams. The bodies of Judd (14) and Colley (13) were found in Dec 1999 in Lassen Ct., Ca. Gallego died in 2002 at age 56.
    (www.francesfarmersrevenge.com/stuff/serialkillers/gallego.htm)(SFC,10/28/97, p.A17)(SFC, 12/4/99, p.A3)(SFC, 7/20/02, p.A15)

1979        Jun 26, Heavyweight boxing champion Muhammad Ali (b.1942) confirmed to reporters that he'd sent a letter to the World Boxing Association resigning his title, saying his third announced retirement was indeed final.
    (AP, 6/26/99)
1979        Jun 26-1979 Jun 28, OPEC raised oil prices an average of 15%, effective July 1.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1970-1979_world_oil_market_chronology)

1979        Jun 28, OPEC raised oil prices. The price of a barrel of oil increased 50% since a year earlier.
    (www.energy.ca.gov/m+pco/history.html)
1979        Jun 28, Philippe Cousteau (b.1940), the youngest son of Jacques Cousteau, was killed while testing a seaplane near Lisbon.
    (SFC, 6/26/97, p.A7)

1979        Jun 29, The James Bond film "Moonraker" premiered in the US.
    (www.amazon.com/Moonraker-Irka-Bochenko/dp/B00004RG64)

1979        Jun, Robert Metcalf of Xerox Corp. started 3Com Corp., consulting company, and soon began producing Ethernet hardware.  The company specialized in connecting computers using the Ethernet system, which he helped develop. The early Ethernet adapters sold for $5000. In 1994 they sold for $100.
    (WSJ,11/14/94, p.R26)(Econ, 12/12/09, TQ p.24)
1979        Jun, SF police recovered the body of a victim in a fatal shooting. The case quickly went cold. In 2015 DNA samples identified the victim as Andre Drath (16), a recent arrival from Chicago.
    (SFC, 9/24/15, p.D2)

1979        Jul 1, The Susan B. Anthony dollar was issued. It was the 1st US coin to honor a woman. The 1st coin was struck Feb 2 in San Francisco. The SF mint produced 100 million of the coins. Another 400 million were made in Philadelphia and Denver. It was not widely accepted and production stopped in 1981.
    (WSJ, 7/12/96, p.B5B)(MC, 7/1/02)(SFC, 1/30/04, p.E6)(SFC, 7/2/04, p.F9)

1979        Jul 2, The US Supreme Court in Jones v Wolf said a court could look into a church property dispute  but only if it studied the relevant documents in a neutral and non-religious spirit.
    (http://caselaw.lp.findlaw.com/cgi-bin/getcase.pl?court=US&vol=443&invol=595)(Econ, 1/8/11, p.60)

1979        Jul 3, Dan White, convicted of voluntary manslaughter in the shooting deaths of San Francisco Mayor George Moscone and Supervisor Harvey Milk, was sentenced to seven years and eight months in prison. He served five years.
    (AP, 7/3/9)
1979        Jul 3, Helen Van Slyke, English writer, died. She left a manuscript that was completed by James Elward (1929-1996) titled "Public Smiles, Private Tears" that became a best-seller. It was about a woman’s rise in the world of retail fashion.
    (SFC, 9/2/96, p.A20)(http://tinyurl.com/3bzrf3)

1979        Jul 4, Algerian ex-president Ben Bella (b.1918) was freed after 14 years of detention, but remained under house arrest. He had served as prime minister from 1962-63, and as president from 1963-65. Bella was freed on Oct 20, 1980.
    (http://www.rulers.org/indexb2.html)(www.cnn.com/almanac/9807/04/)

1979        Jul 6, The B-52s, a New Wave band based in Athens, Georgia, released "Planet Claire."
    {Pop&Rock, GeorgiaUS, USA}
    (SFEC, 1/3/99, DB p.29)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_B-52's_(album))

1979        Jul 9, Voyager II made its closest approach to Jupiter. Both Voyager I and II probes spotted volcanoes erupting on the Jupiter’s moon, Io.
    (www.solarviews.com/eng/vgrjup.htm)

1979        Jul 10, Conductor Arthur Fiedler, who had led the Boston Pops orchestra for a half-century, died in Brookline, Mass., at age 84.
    (AP, 7/10/99)

1979        Jul 11, The abandoned 78-ton US space station Skylab made a spectacular return to Earth, burning up in the atmosphere and showering debris over the Indian Ocean and Western Australia. Solar storms were blamed for Skylab’s premature fall back.
    (AP, 7/11/97)(SFC, 6/3/00, p.A6)(SFC, 3/7/06, p.A5)

1979        Jul 12, "Disco Demolition Night" at Comiskey Park, caused fans to go wild. It also caused the White Sox to forfeit 2nd game of a doubleheader to Tigers.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Disco_Demolition_Night)
1979        Jul 12, Pop singer Minnie Riperton (b.1947), famed for her three-octave range, died of cancer. "Lovin’ You," Riperton’s international blockbuster, topped the Billboard Hot 100 in 1975. She was a member of Stevie Wonder's backup group, Wonderlove, in 1973.
    (http://tinyurl.com/dd5q3)
1979         Jul 12, The Gilbert Islands gained independence from Britain and became a nation, the Archipelago of Kiribati. It is a chain of 35 islands that sprawls 1,860 miles from east to west. Fanning Island was renamed to Tabuaeran. Kiribati began using the Australia dollar for its currency.
    (www.worldstatesmen.org/Kiribati.htm)(SFC, 7/1/97, p.A9)(SSFC, 4/21/02, p.C22)(Econ, 9/13/14, p.84)

1979        Jul 13, Teradata, a software company, was incorporated. It had started in a garage in Brentwood, Calif. The name Teradata was chosen to symbolize the ability to manage terabytes (trillions of bytes) of data.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Teradata)
1979        Jul 13, A 45-hour siege began at the Egyptian Embassy in Ankara, Turkey, as four Palestinian guerrillas killed two security men and seized 20 hostages.
    (AP, 7/13/97)

1979        Jul 15, President Carter delivered his "malaise" speech in which he lamented what he called a "crisis of confidence" in America.
    (AP, 7/15/97)

1979        Jul 16, Saddam Hussein succeeded Premier al-Bakr and became president of Iraq and chairman of the Revolutionary Command Council (RCC). He established a multilayered security system with 3-5 secret police units. He later put his son Qusai in charge of his 10,000 member Special Guards.
    (AP, 7/16/97)(SFC, 2/21/98, p.A10)(SFC, 2/24/98, p.A9)
1979        Jul 16, Nguyen Chi Thien (1939-2012), Vietnamese poet, managed to pass 400 of his poems to the British ambassador in Hanoi before being arrested. They were later published as “Flowers of Hell" and won for him the Int’l. Poetry Award in 1985.
    (Economist, 10/13/12, p.114)

1979        Jul 17, Nicaraguan President Anastasio Somoza Debayle resigned and fled to Miami in exile.
    (AP, 7/17/97)(HNQ, 6/29/99)

1979        Jul 19, The Nicaraguan capital of Managua fell to Sandinista guerrillas, two days after President Anastasio Somoza fled the country.
    (SFC, 10/15/96, p.A1)(AP, 7/19/99)
1979        Jul 19, Alexander I. Ginzburg (1936-2002), Russian-born poet, was flown to the US as part of an exchange for Soviet spies.
    (SSFC, 7/21/02, p.A27)
1979        Jul 19, Two supertankers collided off Tobago and spilled 260,000 tons of oil. It was the worst oil spill to date with 88 million gallons spewed.
    (WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R49)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_oil_spills)

1979         Jul 23, A Miami jury convicted Theodore Bundy of first-degree murder in the slayings of Florida State University sorority sisters Margaret Bowman and Lisa Levy. In 1980 he was convicted of the murder and rape of Kimberly Leach (12). Bundy eventually confessed to more than 30 killings and was executed in 1989.
    (www.crimelibrary.com/serial_killers/notorious/bundy/14.html)

1979        Jul 25, In the Philippines Batas Pambansa No. 20 was enacted creating the Regional Autonomous Government in Western and Central Mindanao regions.
    (http://www.armm.gov.ph/armm-history/)       

1979        Jul 28, Rachel Moncrief (50) was stabbed to death at Camino Camper in Santa Clara, Ca. In 2011 DNA evidence on a marijuana cigarette linked David Dixon (61) of Richmond, Ca., to the murder.
    (SFC, 8/19/11, p.C1)

1979        Jul 31, Cesar Chavez began a 12-day march from SF to Salinas to dramatize the 6-month strike of the United Farm Workers.
    (SFC, 7/30/04, p.F2)

1979        Aug 3, INS inspectors at the SF Int’l. Airport stopped 2 male Mexican nationals because their bags contained cosmetics. The INS soon issued a new directive temporarily halting its agents from turning back foreign visitors suspected of being homosexuals.
    (SFC, 8/13/04, p.F4)
1979        Aug 3, In Equatorial Guinea Pres. Macias was overthrown and executed by Teodoro Obiang Nguema, his nephew, security chief and right-hand man. Teodoro Obiang Nguema assumed power.
    (SFC, 5/15/01, p.A10)(www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/cabs/eqguinea.html)

1979        Aug 6, Paul Volcker (b.1927), appointed by Pres. Carter, took over as the new chair of the US Federal Reserve Board.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Volcker)

1979        Aug 8, In Iran the revolutionary prosecutor banned the leading left-wing newspaper, Ayandegan. 5 days later hezbollahis broke up a Tehran rally called by the National Democratic Front, a newly organized left-of-center political movement, to protest the Ayandegan closing.
    (http://tinyurl.com/3cssq4)
1979        Aug 8, Iraqi president Saddam Hussein executed 21 political opponents.
    (www.foreignaffairs.org/1979/2.html)

1979        Aug 9, In California Forrest Silva Tucker, William McGirk and John Waller escaped from San Quentin prison in a hand made kayak named Rub-a-Dub-Dub. McGirk (38) was captured Oct 31. Waller was recaptured within months. Tucker was caught after a few years in Boston in a credit scam but was released in error. He was later identified as a member of the Massachusetts "Over the Hill Gang" and in 1999 was caught on suspicion of robbing a Florida bank.
    (SFC, 4/27/99, p.A1,4)(SFC, 10/29/04, p.F11)

1979        Aug 10, Michael Jackson (21) launched his solo career with “Off the Wall."
    (WSJ, 6/8/05, p.A1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Off_the_Wall)

1979        Aug 14, In northern Wisconsin Rob Pfiel (27) was killed by a shotgun blast to the back of his head. 2 months earlier Rusk County sheriff’s deputies killed his 3 dogs because they had gotten loose. Rusk County DA Robert Rogers (d.1984), his wife Cherie Barnard, and 3 brothers were later accused of plotting to kill Pfiel, who had threatened to get even. In 2005 police arrested 2 of the Rogers brothers for Pfiel’s murder as well as Barnard.
    (SFC, 8/4/05, p.B1)(SFC, 10/17/05, p.A1)
1979        Aug 13-1979 Aug 14, A force 9 gale off the southwest coast of Ireland left 15 yachtsmen of the 28th Fastnet Race dead.
    (Econ, 12/20/08, p.98)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1979_Fastnet_race)

1979        Aug 15, Andrew Young resigned his position as U.S. ambassador to the United Nations because of the revelation that he had met with representatives of the Palestine Liberation Organization without the authorization of President Carter.
    (HNQ, 5/29/98)

1979        Aug 17, Vivian Vance (b.1909), TV and theater actress, died. She played Ethel Mertz in the “I Love Lucy" show.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vivian_Vance)

1979        Aug 18, In Los Angeles singer Nick Lowe married singer Carlene Carter, the stepdaughter of Johnny Cash.
    (http://tinyurl.com/2s4gxj)
1979        Aug 18, Iran Ayatollah Khomeini sent the army to attack and occupy Paveh, Sanandaj and Saghez. Having defeated the Kurds in the cities, he appointed Khalkhali, as head of security for Kurdistan, who proceeded with a series of summary trials and executions.
    (www.sarbazan.com/Massacre.asp)
1979        Aug 18, USSR performed a nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh, Semipalitinsk, USSR.
    (www.iss.niiit.ru/ksenia/catal_nt/3_8.htm)

1979        Aug 19, In Cambodia a Phnom Penh court tried, convicted and sentenced Pol Pot and his deputy, Leng Sary, to death in absentia for genocide during the Khmer Rouge regime. A "Hate Day" was created to recall Khmer Rouge crimes. Denise Affonco’s testimony during the trial was later published as “To the End of Hell: One Woman’s Struggle to Survive Cambodia’s Khmer Rouge."
    (SFC, 9/15/96, p.A16)(WSJ, 7/19/00, p.A14)(http://tinyurl.com/2onrxp)(Econ, 12/15/07, p.93)

1979        Aug 20, Bob Dylan proclaimed his new born-again Christianity with his album "Slow Train Coming." The album won a Grammy award.
    (SFEC, 9/28/97, p.A3)(www.bobdylan.com/albums/slowtrain.html)
1979        Aug 20, Diana Nyad succeeded in her 3rd attempt to swim from the Bahamas to Florida.
    (AP, 8/20/99)(http://andrejkoymasky.com/liv/fam/bion1/nyad1.html)

1979        Aug 22, James T. Farrell (b.1904), author (Young Lonigan), died. In 2004 Robert K. Landers authored "The Life and Times of James T. Farrell."
    (SFC, 2/26/04, p.E1)

1979        Aug 23, Iranian troops entered Iraqi Kurdish territory.
    (www.jamestown.org/terrorism/news/article.php?articleid=2373658&printthis=1)
1979        Aug 23, Soviet dancer Alexander Godunov defected while the Bolshoi Ballet was on tour in New York.
    (AP, 8/23/99)

1979        Aug 25, "Madwoman of Central Park West" closed at 22 Steps in NYC after 86 performances.
    (www.sondheimguide.com/other.html)
1979        Aug 25, Stan Kenton (b.1911), orchestra leader (Music 55), died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stan_Kenton)
1979        Aug 25, Cannie Bullock (8) of San Pablo, Ca., was raped and killed. DNA evidence in 2002 identified Joseph Cordova Jr., inmate in a Colorado prison, as the murderer. In 2007 Cordova was sentenced to death.
    (SFC, 12/4/02, p.A1)(SFC, 5/12/07, p.B2)
1979        Aug 25,  Somalia adopted a 2nd constitution. The first was adopted in 1961 following independence.
    (www.pogar.org/countries/country.asp?cid=17)

1979        Aug 26, Alvin Karpis (1907-1979), Canadian-born US gangster, died. His autobiography, “The Alvin Karpis Story," was completed in 1971.
    (WSJ, 7/15/04, p.D8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alvin_Karpis)

1979        Aug 27, British war hero Lord Louis Mountbatten was killed off the coast of Ireland in his 29-foot sail boat in Sligo, Ireland; the Irish Republican Army claimed responsibility. Also killed were his 14-year-old grandson Nicholas, 83-year-old Lady Brabourne, and 15-year-old John Maxwell. Thomas McMahon (31) was the bombmaker and was jailed at Dublin’s Mountjoy prison. He was released in 1998 as part of the Northern Ireland peace agreement. Richard Hough (d.1999) later authored the biography "Mountbatten: Hero of Our Time."
    (AP, 8/27/97)(SFC, 8/8/98, p.A13)(HN, 8/27/98)
1979        Aug 27, In Sanandaj, Iran, 11 Kurdish prisoners were executed by a firing squad following a 30 minute trial under Shiite cleric Sadegh Khalkhali. Jahangir Razmi, a photographer for Iran’s independent Ettela’at newspaper, captured the execution on film. Within hours an anonymous photo of the execution ran across 6 columns of the paper. On Sep 8 the newspaper was seized by the Foundation for the Disinherited, a state-owned holding company. On April 14, 1980, the photo won a Pulitzer Prize. In 2006 Razmi made public 27 images from the execution that he had kept hidden.
    (WSJ, 12/2/06, p.A1)
1979        Aug 27, In Northern Ireland 18 British militia died in ambush and bomb attack at Warrenpoint, South Down.
    (http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/august/27/newsid_3891000/3891055.stm)

1979        Aug 28, Konstantin Simonov (b.1915), Russian war correspondent and poet, died in Moscow. His poems included “Wait For Me" (1942).
    (www.simonov.co.uk/biography.htm)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Konstantin_Simonov)

1979        Aug 30, Hurricane David devastated the tiny Caribbean island of Dominica as it began a rampage through the Caribbean and up the eastern seaboard of the United States that claimed some 1,100 lives.
    (AP, 8/30/97)
1979        Aug 30, The comet SOLWIND 1 first appeared on an image, at which time it was located 5.96 solar radii from the sun. It has been commonly presumed that the comet either hit the sun, or completely vaporized because of its near approach.
    (http://cometography.com/lcomets/1979q1.html)

1979        Aug 31, Sally Rand (b.1904), exotic dancer and actress, died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sally_Rand)

1979        Aug, Twinsburg, Ohio, began holding an annual festival and parade for twins.
    (Econ, 8/14/04, p.70)

1979        Sep 1, A Los Angeles court ordered Clayton Moore (1914-1999), born as Jack Carlton Moore,  to stop wearing the Lone Ranger mask.
    (http://tinyurl.com/2ngftg)(http://wapedia.mobi/en/Clayton_Moore)
1979        Sep 1, Pioneer 11 made the 1st fly-by of Saturn and discovered new moon rings. Ring F of Saturn was discovered by Lonny Baker at NASA's Ames Research Center from data sent by Pioneer 11.
    (Ind, 7/27/99, p.1A)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pioneer_11)

1979        Sep 2, Charles Burton (1942-2002) led a small group down the Thames on a 3-year journey to follow the meridian line connecting Greenwich to the North and South Poles. Sir Ranulph Fiennes (b.1944) and his wife Ginnie also took part. Burton and Fiennes returned to Greenwich Aug 29, 1982.
    (SFC, 7/18/02, p.A26)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ranulph_Fiennes)

1979        Sep 3, Hurricane David struck along the central Florida coast, leaving several people dead and millions of dollars in damage.
    (AP, 9/3/97)

1979        Sep 6, Pres. Carter designated the first Sunday of September following Labor Day of each year as National Grandparents Day.
    (www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=32826)

1979        Sep 7, The Entertainment and Sports Programming Network, ESPN, made its cable TV debut. In 1984 it was bought by ABC, which was in turn bought by Disney in 1996.
    (AP, 9/7/97)(Econ, 8/2/08, SR p.5)
1979        Sep 7, The Chrysler Corporation petitioned the United States government for $1.5 billion in loan guarantees to avoid bankruptcy.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chrysler)
1979        Sep 7, The Karoo National Park in South Africa was proclaimed. It officially opened on September 12.
    (Nat. Hist., 3/96, p.60)(www.sanparks.org/about/news/default.php?id=43)

1979        Sep 8, Jean Seberg (b.1939), actress (Breathless, Airport), committed suicide at 40.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean_Seberg)

1979        Sep 9, In the 31st Emmy Awards the winners included: Taxi, Lou Grant, Ron Leibman & Ruth Gordon.
    (www.imdb.com/Sections/Awards/Emmy_Awards/1979)

1979        Sep 10, Pres. Agostinho Neto (b.1922), Angola’s 1st president, died and Jose Eduardo dos Santos was elected president. Neto was originally embalmed but later cremated.
    (SFC, 8/24/01, p.A16)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agostinho_Neto)(SFC, 9/10/08, p.A5)
1979        Sep 10, Four Puerto Rican nationalists imprisoned for a 1954 attack on the House of Representatives and a 1950 attempt on the life of President Truman were granted clemency by President Carter.
    (AP, 9/10/99)

1979        Sep 14, Colombia signed an extradition treaty with the US, but Colombian leaders enacted legislation that nullified the pact. It became effective march 4, 1982.
    (SFC, 10/2/98, p.B3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_United_States_extradition_treaties)

1979        Sep 16, In Wisconsin the Madison Press Connection published a detailed explanation of how to build a hydrogen bomb in an article written by Charles Hansen (1947-2003) of Mountain View, Ca. In 1988 Hansen published "U.S. Nuclear Weapons: The Secret History."
    (SFC, 9/17/04, p.F4)(http://nuclearweaponarchive.org/News/HansenRetrospective.html)
1979        Sep 16, Hafizullah Amin took the presidency of Afghanistan following the killing of Nur Muhammad Taraki. Amin was later executed and replaced with Babrak Karmal.
    (www.onwar.com/aced/nation/all/afghan/fafghan1979a.htm)

1979        Sep 17, Gov. Jerry Brown appointed Steven Lachs as California's 1st admittedly gay judge.
    (www.aaronsgayinfo.com/timeline/time70.html)

1979        Sep 18, The Who played the 5th of their 5 concerts at Madison Square Garden.
    (www.thewholive.de/konzerte/zeige_konzert.php?GroupID=1&Status=0&Jahr=1979)
1979        Sep 18, Bolshoi Ballet dancers Leonid & Valentina Kozlov defected to the US.
    (http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1083/is_9_73/ai_55739021)

1979        Sep 19, The Bern Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats was signed. It became effective as of June 1, 1982.
    (Econ, 12/22/12, p.126)(http://tinyurl.com/yez66ct)

1979        Sep 20, John Riccardo stepped down as Chrysler’s chairman and was succeeded by Lee Iacocca.
    (WSJ, 5/15/07, p.A14)(www.scripophily.net/chcoca19.html)
1979        Sep 20, In the Central African Republic Jean-Bedel Bokassa was toppled in a French-backed coup. 700 French paratroopers took control of Bangui while Bokassa was away on a state visit to Libya.
    (SFC, 5/22/96, p.A9)(SFC, 11/4/96, p.A22)(AP, 9/20/99)

1979        Sep 22, A 2-3 kiloton thermonuclear device was set off in the waters off Bouvet Island, a little-visited possession of Norway located between the bottom of South Africa and the Prince Astrid Coast of Antarctica. The list of suspects quickly narrowed to South Africa and Israel.
    (SFCM, 9/25/05, p.6)(www.globalsecurity.org/wmd/world/israel/nuke-test.htm)
1979        Sep 22, Abul Ala Mawdudi (b.1903), Indian-born writer, died. He encouraged terrorism in the name of Jihad.
    (WSJ, 4/4/08, p.W5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abul_Ala_Maududi)

1979        Sep 23, The ABC TV show "The Associates" premiered as a comedy about lawyers. It  lasted for one season.
    (SFC, 12/3/98, p.E1)(www.imdb.com/title/tt0078563/)

1979        Sep 24, CompuServe began operation as the 1st computer information service.
    (www.businesshistorybooks.com/Computers.htm)
1979        Sep 24, Hilla Limann 1934-1998) was elected president of Ghana. She served until 1981.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hilla_Limann)
1979        Sep 24, Russian ice skaters Protopopov and Belousova asked for asylum in Switzerland.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ludmila_Belousova)

1979        Sep 25, The musical "Evita" opened on Broadway.
    (AP, 9/25/97)

1979        Sep 26, The body of a young woman was found in Blackie’s Pasture in Tiburon, Ca., She had been stabbed over 40 times with an ice pick and burned. In 2007 DNA evidence identified her as Tammy Vincent (17). She had testified this year against several people arrested during a raid in SeaTac, Wash., of 2 establishments believed to be prostitution fronts.
    (SFC, 10/2/07, p.B2)

1979        Sep 27, Congress gave final approval to forming the Department of Education, the 13th Cabinet agency in U.S. history.
    (AP, 9/27/97)

1979        Sep 29, John Paul II became the first pope to visit Ireland as he arrived for a three-day tour.
    (AP, 9/29/99)

1979        Oct 1, The 1977 Panama Canal Treaties entered into force. The US returned the Canal Zone, but not the canal, to Panama after 75 years.
    (http://mexico.usembassy.gov/bbf/bfdossier_PanamaCanal.htm)
1979        Oct 1, Pope John Paul II arrived in Boston for the start of a U.S. tour.
    (AP, 10/1/99)
1979        Oct 1, Henry Ford II stepped down as Ford’s chairman and CEO and was succeeded by Philip Caldwell (b.1920).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philip_Caldwell)
1979        Oct 1, Gen’l. Olusegun Obasanjo (b.1937), head of Nigeria, relinquished the presidency after civilian elections. He was jailed by Abacha in 1995 for treason. Shehu Shagari became the civilian Second Republic president until 1983.
    (SFC, 6/16/98, p.A10)(SFC, 3/2/99, p.A8)(WSJ, 4/15/03, p.A14)

1979        Oct 6, Paul Volcker, new chairman of the Federal Reserve, raised interest rates sharply to clamp down on inflation knowing that it would send interest rates soaring. Volcker held his position until Aug, 1987.
    (WSJ, 12/13/99, p.C23)(Econ, 6/19/04, p.11)(WSJ, 1/18/05, p.A13)
1979        Oct 6, Pope John Paul II, on a week-long U.S. tour, became the first pontiff to visit the White House, where he was received by President Carter.
    (AP, 10/6/97)
1979        Oct 6, Elizabeth Bishop (b.1911), American poet, died. She had spent 17 years in Brazil and won a Pulitzer Prize for poetry in 1956. In 2008 Thomas Travisano and Saskia Hamilton edited “Words in Air: The Complete Correspondence Between Elizabeth Bishop and Robert Lowell." In 2010 Michael Sledge authored a novel, “The More I Owe You," based on her life.
    (Econ, 11/22/08, p.97)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elizabeth_Bishop)(SFC, 8/31/10, p.E1)

1979        Oct 8, "Sugar Babies" opened at the Mark Hellinger Theater in NYC and continued for 1208 performances.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sugar_Babies)

1979        Oct 10, Paul Paray (b.1886), French composer, died at age 93. He was the resident conductor of the Detroit Symphony Orchestra (1951-1962) for more than a decade.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Paray)
1979        Oct 10, In Poland an explosion killed 34 miners at the Dymitrow mine in Bytom. This matched Poland’s worst mining accident in 1974.
    (AP, 11/22/06)(http://tinyurl.com/2qgsmf)

1979        Oct 11, Allan McLeod Cormack and Godfrey Newbold Hounsfield won Nobel Prize for medicine for developing CAT scan.
    (AP, 10/11/04)

1979        Oct 14, In Washington, DC, some 100,000 gays, lesbians, bisexuals, and supporters marched in celebration of gay pride and demanded equal rights for homosexuals under the law.
    (SFC, 10/15/04, p.F13)

1979        Oct 17, Mother Teresa of India, head of the Missionaries of Charity, was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for her years of work on behalf of the destitute in Calcutta.
    (SFC, 3/14/97, p.A13)(AP, 10/17/97)
1979        Oct 17, Pres. Carter signed legislation creating Dept. of Education.
    (www.jimmycarterlibrary.org/documents/jec/chron.phtml)
1979        Oct 17, S.J. Perelman (b.1904), American humorist and screenwriter (Around the World in 80 Days), died at age 75.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/S._J._Perelman)

1979        Oct 19, Cyclone Tip, considered the strongest and most intense storm on record, hit Japan causing 68 deaths including 13 US Marines.
    (http://tinyurl.com/qdqe7jx)

1979        Oct 20, The John F. Kennedy Library was dedicated in Boston.
    (AP, 10/20/99)

1979        Oct 21, In SF the body of Mary Frances Bennett was found at Lands End. She had been stabbed at least 25 times. In 2010 DNA evidence tied her murder to David Joseph Carpenter, who was on death row at San Quentin for 7 other murders.
    (SFC, 2/24/10, p.A7)
1979        Oct 21, Moshe Dayan, Israeli minister of foreign affairs, submitted his resignation.
    (http://tinyurl.com/33p82s)

1979        Oct 22, The US government allowed the deposed Shah of Iran to travel to New York for medical treatment. This decision precipitated the Iran hostage crisis.
    (AP, 10/22/97)

1979        Oct 23, Billy Martin (1928-1989), NY Yankee baseball manager, was involved in a barroom altercation when he sucker punched Joseph Cooper, a Minnesota marshmallow salesman. Cooper required 15 stitches. Martin was fired.
    (www.baseball-reference.com/bullpen/October_23)

1979        Oct 25, In Michigan US District Court Judge John Feikens, in Glover v. Johnson, ruled in favor granting women prisoners a constitutional right to court access and to parity in educational and vocational training. He granted declaratory and injunctive relief to the plaintiffs, holding: 1) that the educational and vocational programs offered to women inmates were markedly poorer than those offered to male inmates and this parity denied equal protection; 2) that the record demonstrated the constitutional inadequacy of the assistance given by the state to ensure the free exercise of the women inmates’ right of access to the courts; and 3) that the state’s use of a county jail as a temporary overflow facility was prohibited by the mandate of the state legislature setting the minimum conditions of confinement.
    (LSA, Fall, 2007, p.44)(http://clearinghouse.wustl.edu/detail.php?id=767)
1979        Oct 25, In Texas Johnny Penry raped and stabbed to death Pamela Mosely Carpenter (22). Penry, said to have an IQ of 51-63, was convicted of murder and faced execution in 2000. The US Supreme Court blocked the Nov. execution. The US Supreme Court overturned his death sentence in 2001 due to flawed instructions in his initial conviction.
    (www.oag.state.tx.us/newspubs/newsarchive/2000/20001113penryfacts.htm)(SFC, 6/5/01, p.A1)

1979        Oct 26, St. Vincent and the Grenadines gained independence from Britain.
    (SFC, 7/1/97, p.A9)
1979        Oct 26, South Korean President Park Chung-hee was shot to death by the head of the Korean Central Intelligence Agency, Kim Jae-kyu. Choi Kyu-hah (1918-2006) became acting president after the assassination of President Park Chung-hee. The void created by Park's death was filled by Maj. Gen. Chun Doo-hwan, a Park protege and commander of the powerful Defense Security Command. Chun staged an internal coup to take control of the military, then persuaded the new president, Choi Kyuh-hah, to impose martial law and name Chun chief of the KCIA. Choi was forced to resign 8 months later following a military coup.
    (AP, 10/26/97)(www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/2000/korea/story/kwangju/)

1979        Oct 29, On the 50th anniversary of the great stock market crash, anti-nuclear protesters tried but failed to shut down the New York Stock Exchange.
    (AP, 10/29/99)
1979        Oct 29, The miniseries "Freedom Road" premiered. It was based on a 1944 novel by Howard Fast. It starred Muhammad Ali and Kris Kristofferson.
    (SFC, 3/13/03, p.A21)

1979        Oct 30, President Carter announced his choice of federal appeals judge Shirley Hufstedler to head the newly created Department of Education.
    (AP, 10/30/97)

1979        Oct 31, The US Archeological Resources Protection Act, on behalf of endangered antiquities, became law.
    (www.bsos.umd.edu/anth/arch/web/arpa.htm)
1979            Oct 31, A US DC-10, flown by Western Airlines, crashed at Mexico City when it struck a vehicle and 74 were killed.
    {Air Crash, Mexico}
    (http://dnausers.d-n-a.net/dnetGOjg/Disasters.htm)

1979        Oct, The Sugar Hill Gang released "Rapper's Delight," later claimed as the beginning mark for the Hip-Hop culture.
    (SFC, 8/18/99, p.D3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rapper's_Delight)
1979        Oct, In Massachusetts Stephen Howard Fagan (37) abducted his two daughters, aged 2 & 4, from his former wife, Barbara Kurth. Fagan told his daughters that their mother had died and raised them in Florida. He was arrested in 1998 for kidnapping and brought back to Boston to answer charges.
    (SFEC, 4/19/98, p.A17)

1979        Nov 1, The tanker Burmah Agate, spilled 10.7 million gallons of oil off Galveston Bay, Texas, in US's worst oil spill disaster.
    (http://tinyurl.com/2jwxd3)
1979        Nov 1, In Oakland, Ca., Nancy Lugassy (28) was fatally shot by Harvey Heishman. She had told police that Heishman had raped her on the night they had met July. Heishman was later convicted and sentenced to death. In 2010 an appeals court upheld his murder conviction.
    (www.ca9.uscourts.gov/datastore/opinions/2010/09/08/07-99016.pdf)(SFC, 9/10/10, p.C2)
1979        Nov 1, Mamie Doud Eisenhower (b.1896), wife of former Pres. "Ike" Eisenhower, died at a family farm in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.
    (AP, 11/1/99)(www.whitehouse.gov/history/firstladies/me34.html)   

1979        Nov 2, Peter Shaffer's play "Amadeus," premiered in London.
    (www.imdb.com/title/tt0086879/trivia)
1979        Nov 2, Black militant Joanne Chesimard escaped from a New Jersey prison, where she was serving a life sentence for the 1973 slaying of a New Jersey state trooper. Chesimard moved to Cuba, was granted asylum in 1984, and lived there as Assata Shakur. In 2013 she was added to the FBI’s Most Wanted Terrorist List.
    (AP, 11/2/99)(SFC, 5/3/13, p.A6)

1979        Nov 3, John McGinest, a drug dealer, was killed by a shotgun blast in Long Beach, Ca. Thomas Goldstein (30), a college student who lived nearby, was convicted of the murder following the testimony of Eddy Fink, a jailhouse informant coached by police. Goldstein was freed in 2004 after judges on an appeal panel concluded he was wrongly convicted. In 2010 Goldstein settled for a $7.95 million payment.
    (SFC, 4/15/08, p.A4)(SFC, 8/13/10, p.C4)
1979        Nov 3, Five radicals were killed when gunfire erupted during an anti-Ku Klux Klan demonstration in Greensboro, N.C., after a caravan of Klansmen and Nazis had driven into the area. Named 'The Greensboro Massacre', the five marchers were shot to death in broad daylight and another 8 were wounded.
    (AP, 11/3/97)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greensboro_massacre)
1979        Nov 3, Raffaele Bendandi (b.1893), Italian seismologist, died. he believed earthquakes were the result of the combined movements of the planets, the moon and the sun and were perfectly predictable. In 1923 he forecast a quake would hit the central Adriatic region of the Marches on January 2 the following year. He was wrong by two days.
    (Reuters, 5/9/11)(http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raffaele_Bendandi)

1979        Nov 4, The US Embassy was taken over by Iranian students and a hostage crisis began. 90 people, including 63 Americans, were taken hostage at the American embassy in Teheran, Iran, by militant student followers of Ayatollah Khomeini who demanded the return of Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi to Iran for trial. He was undergoing medical treatment in New York City. The students held 52 American hostages for 444 days, and were released on the day of the inauguration President Ronald Reagan, January 20, 1981. In 2005 David Harris authored “The Crisis: The President, the Prophet and the Shah – 1979 and the coming of Militant Islam." In 2006 Mark Bowden authored “Guests of the Ayatollah: The First Battle in America’s War With Militant Islam."
    (WSJ, 11/19/96, p.A1)(AP, 11/4/97)(HN, 11/4/98)(SSFC, 4/3/05, p.F4)(WSJ, 4/29/06, p.P10)
1979        Nov 4, In Iran, as Islamist students stormed the US Embassy in Tehran, six American diplomats escaped and found sanctuary at the home of Canadian ambassador Ken Taylor (d.2015 at 81) and his first secretary, John Sheardown. Taylor then worked with the Canadian government and the CIA to obtain Canadian passports and forged visas allowing the diplomats to fly to Switzerland.
    (SFC, 10/17/15, p.C3)

1979        Nov 5, Al Capp (b.1909), US cartoonist, died. He is best known or his Li'l Abner comic strip.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Al_Capp)
1979        Nov 5, Iran's Ayatollah Khomeini declared US "The Great Satan."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Satan)

1979        Nov 6, In Iran PM Bazargan resigned as Ayatollah Khomeini (1902-1989) supported the student seizure of the US embassy.
    (www.britannica.com/eb/topic-272687/Iran-hostage-crisis)

1979        Nov 7, In California Linda Ann Jozovich disappeared during a work break in Santa Clara County. In 1995 a hiker in the Los Gatos Hills discovered her jawbone and some teeth. In 2004 her skull and bones were discovered in the same area. In 2007 Terry Childs, a convicted killer serving time in Salinas, confessed to her murder.
    (SFC, 3/13/04, p.B4)(SFC, 11/2/07, p.B2)

1979        Nov 8, Bernard Slade's "Romantic Comedy," premiered in NYC.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romantic_Comedy_(play))
1979          Nov 8, ABC-TV aired "Iran Crisis: American Held Hostage" with Frank Reynolds 4 days after the beginning of the Iran hostage crisis. The late-night news program evolved into “Nightline" on March 24, 1980. Ted Koppel (b.1940) soon became the anchor of nightly news on Iranian Hostages (ABC).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nightline)

1979        Nov 9, Robert Taylor (d.2002), British forester, allegedly encountered a UFO in the woods of Dechmont Law. He took police to the scene 2 days later and evidence was gathered that gave some support to his claims.
    (Econ, 3/31/07, p.95)

1979        Nov 12, President Carter announced an immediate halt to all imports of Iranian oil and freezes Iranian assets in US. Executive Order 12170 halted oil imports from Iran.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran_hostage_crisis)

1979        Nov 13, Former California Gov. Ronald Reagan announced in New York his candidacy for the Republican presidential nomination.
    (AP, 11/13/99)

1979        Nov 15, A package bomb aboard a commercial flight from Chicago exploded and forced an emergency landing at Dulles Airport. It was later attributed to the Unabomber Theodore Kaczynski.
    (SFEC,11/9/97, Z1 p.4)
1979        Nov 15, The British government publicly identified Sir Anthony Blunt (d.1983), art historian, as the "fourth man" of a Soviet spy ring that included Guy Burgess, Donald Maclean and Kim Philby. Blunt’s work included "Art and Architecture in France 1500-1700." In 2001 Miranda Carter authored "Anthony blunt: His Lives."
    (AP, 11/15/99)(WSJ, 12/28/01, p.W8)

1979        Nov 16, American Airlines was fined $500,000 for improper DC-10 maintenance.
    (HN, 11/16/98)
1979        Nov 16, Lidia Gueiler (1921-2011) became the second woman to lead a Latin American nation. She served as president of Bolivia when she held the post for about eight months in 1979-80 between coup d'etats. She assumed the presidency after a deadly popular revolt ousted coup leader Gen. Alberto Natusch Busch.
    (AP, 5/10/11)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lidia_Gueiler_Tejada)

1979        Nov 17, Iran's Ayatollah Khomeini ordered the release of 13 female and black American hostages being held at the U.S. Embassy in Tehran.
    (AP, 11/17/97)

1979        Nov 18, Ayatollah Khomeini said the rest of the US hostages may be tried as spies if the Shah is not released.
    (http://openweb.tvnews.vanderbilt.edu/1979-11/1979-11-18-ABC-2.html)

1979        Nov 20, The first US artificial blood transfusion occurred at Univ. of Minn. Hospital. The patient was a Jehovah's Witness, who had refused a transfusion of real blood because of his religious beliefs.
    (www.todayinsci.com/11/11_20.htm)
1979        Nov 20, Some 200 armed men and women, Mahadiists, seized the Grand Mosque in Mecca. They denounced the monarchy and demanded an end to corrupting modernization and "foreign ways." Saudi preacher Juhayman al Uteybi (Juhayman al-Otaibi) led the radicals. After two weeks French special forces shot dead all the Wahhabi extremists.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Siege_of_Mecca)(SSFC, 10/21/01, p.C3)(WSJ, 11/12/03, p.A18)(WSJ, 9/18/07, p.A8)

1979        Nov 21, A mob attacked the US Embassy in Islamabad, Pakistan, killing two Americans.
    (AP, 11/21/99)

1979        Nov 24, U.S. admitted that thousands of troops in Vietnam were exposed to the toxic Agent Orange.
    (HN, 11/24/98)

1979        Nov 25, Israel returned the Alma oil field in A-Tour to Egypt.
    (www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/History/time70s.html)

1979        Nov 28, "Young Maverick", a TV Western Drama, made its debut on CBS.
    (www.imdb.com/title/tt0752244/)
1979        Nov 28, An Air New Zealand DC10 en route to the South Pole crashed into Mount Erebus in Antarctica, killing all 257 people aboard.
    (www.planecrashinfo.com/cvr791128.htm)

1979        Nov 30, John Paul II, while on a pilgrimage to Turkey, became the first pope in 1,000 years to attend an Orthodox mass.
    (www.vatican.va/holy_father/john_paul_ii/travels/sub_index1979/trav_turkey.htm)
1979        Nov 30, Zeppo Marx (b.1901), US comic, died. Born as Herbert Marx he was the youngest of the 5 Marx Brothers.
    (www.imdb.com/name/nm0555688/bio)

1979        Nov, The first annual COMDEX trade show opened in Las Vegas at the MGM Grand. It was a trade show for business related computer hardware and software. The acronym used to stand for Computer Dealer Expo, but since 1984, the D has stood for Distribution.
    (Hem, Nov.'95, p.138)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/COMDEX)
1979        Nov, Ford bought a 25% stake in Toyo Kogyo (later Mazda).
    (www.performanceprobe.com/text/info/dates.htm)

1979        Dec 2, Some 2,000 Libyans ransacked the US embassy at Tripoli, Libya, chanting support for the radical Islamic regime that took power in Iran earlier in the year.
    (AP, 12/30/03)

1979        Dec 3, Christie's in Switzerland auctioned a thimble for a record sum. A London dealer bid $18,000 for a Meissen porcelain thimble that dated to about 1740.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thimble)
1979        Dec 3, In Ohio 11 people were killed in a crush of fans at Cincinnati's Riverfront Coliseum, where The Who, a British rock group, was performing.
    (AP, 12/3/97)(HN, 12/3/98)

1979        Dec 4, The Jeremiah O’Brien Liberty ship was guided into dry dock at the Bethlehem Yard in SF for a $1 million project to memorialize it as one of the last WW II Liberty Ships. The project was led by Rear Admiral Thomas J. Patterson (1924-2008).
    (SFC, 12/3/04, p.F8)(SSFC, 10/5/08, p.B7)
1979        Dec 4, In Saudi Arabia security forces overran the Grand Mosque in Mecca, which had been seized on Nov 16. One of two African-American converts, who had participated in the take-over of the mosque, was killed. The other was later released and returned to the US. In 2007 Yaroslav Trofinov authored “The Siege of Mecca."
    (WSJ, 9/18/07, p.A8)

1979        Dec 5, Feminist Sonia Johnson was formally excommunicated by the Mormon Church because of her outspoken support for the proposed Equal Rights Amendment to the Constitution.
    (AP, 12/5/99)
1979        Dec 5, Teresa De Simone (22) was found strangled in her car outside the pub where she worked in Southampton, 80 miles (130 kilometers) southwest of London. Sean Hodgson initially confessed to the killing, but he later recanted and pleaded not guilty. His lawyers argued he was a pathological liar and any confession he made was false. In 2009 Hodgson was released from prison based on DNA evidence.
    (AP, 3/18/09)(http://tinyurl.com/c5jz3y)

1979        Dec 7, Gannet Co. bought California Marin County’s San Rafael Independent Journal. The Gannet chain owned 78 daily papers in 30 states.
    (SFC, 7/28/00, p.A19)(SFC, 12/3/04, p.F8)
1979        Dec 7, Walter A. Haas Sr. (b.1889), former head of Levi Strauss (1928-1955), died in his sleep.
    (SFC, 12/3/04, p.F8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walter_A._Haas%2C_Sr.)

1979        Dec 9, Archbishop Fulton J. Sheen, the religious broadcaster for "The Catholic Hour," died in New York City at age 84.
    (AP, 12/9/97)(SFEC, 8/15/99, p.A2)

1979        Dec 11, Charles J. Haughey (1925-2006) was elected in Ireland as Taoiseach and leader of Fianna Fail. He led 3 administrations 1979-1981, 1982, and 1987-1992. In 2000 he agreed to pay $1.23 million in back taxes for gifts received while in office.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Haughey)(SFC, 4/4/00, p.A12)

1979        Dec 12, In response to the Iran hostage crisis, the Carter administration ordered the removal of most Iranian diplomats in the United States.
    (AP, 12/12/99)
1979        Dec 12, Clara Haili (b.1901), Hawaiian singer (aka Hilo Hattie), hula dancer, actress and comedian, died. She had become famous in the late 1930s for her song “When Hilo Hattie Did the Hula Hop."
    (SSFC, 8/30/09, p.M4)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hilo_Hattie)
1979        Dec 12, In South Korea Chun Doo Hwan led a military coup.
    (SFC, 12/16/96, p.A16)

1979        Dec 14, The Seminole Tribe opened a high-stakes bingo hall on their reservation at Hollywood, Florida, and the state tried immediately to shut it down. This was followed by a series of court battles leading to a final decision by the United States Supreme Court in 1981 “Seminole Tribe vs. Butterworth."  The court ruled in favor of the Seminoles affirming their right to operate their bingo hall.
    (http://500nations.com/news/Indian_Casinos/history.asp)
1979        Dec 14, The British punk group Clash released its “London Calling" album.
    (WSJ, 12/21/04, p.D8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/London_Calling)

1979        Dec 15, The deposed Shah of Iran left the US for Panama, the same day the International Court of Justice in The Hague ruled that Iran should release all its American hostages.
    (AP, 12/15/99)

1979        Dec 16, In South Africa Eugene TerreBlanche gave instructions to some 40 men to tar and feather Van Jaarsveld at the University of South Africa, after Van Jaarsveld had delivered a paper calling for the abolition of the Day of the Covenant.
    (SFC, 6/16/99, p.B2)(www.doj.gov.za/trc/media/1999/9905/p990510a.htm)

1979        Dec 17, In a case that aggravated racial tensions, Arthur McDuffie, a black insurance executive, was fatally beaten after a police chase in Miami. Four white police officers were later acquitted of charges stemming from McDuffie's death.
    (AP, 12/17/99)

1979        Dec 18, In Spain the Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia was sanctioned by King Juan Carlos I. The first autonomous elections were held on 20 March 1980.
    (www.gencat.net:8000/generalitat/eng/guia/antecedents/antecedents18.htm)
1979        Dec 18, The UN Convention on Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) was adopted with 10 abstentions. It entered into force on Sep 3, 1981. By 2005 the treaty was endorsed by more than 170 nations, but still opposed by the US.
    (www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/cedaw/text/econvention.htm)(SFEC, 10/8/00, Z1 p.4)
1979        Dec 18, The UN "Agreement Governing the Activities of States on the Moon and other Celestial Bodies" opened for signature. It extended a 1967 Space Treaty and established that the Moon and the other bodies within our solar system to be the common heritage of mankind. It entered into force on July 11, 1984.
    (SFEC, 7/13/97, Par p.18)(www.islandone.org/Treaties/BH766.html)

1979        Dec 21, The Lancaster House Agreement was signed in London. It ended biracial rule in Zimbabwe Rhodesia following negotiations between representatives of the Patriotic Front (PF), consisting of ZAPU ( Zimbabwe African Peoples Union) and ZANU ( Zimbabwe African National Union) and the Zimbabwe Rhodesia government, represented by Bishop Abel Muzorewa and Ian Smith.
    (www.reference.com/browse/Lancaster_House_Agreement)

1979        Dec 23, Peggy Guggenheim (b.1898), eccentric American philanthropist, died in Italy. In 2000 playwright Donna Blue Lachman created "The Trouble With Peggy: Pieces of Guggenheim." In 2002 Anton Gill authored "Art Lover: A Biography of Peggy Guggenheim."
    (WSJ, 1/6/00, p.A20)(SSFC, 4/14/02, p.M3)

1979        Dec 25, Large numbers of Soviet airborne forces joined stationed ground troops and began to land in Kabul, Afghanistan.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soviet_war_in_Afghanistan)
1979        Dec 25, Egypt began a major restoration of the Sphinx.
    (HN, 12/25/98)
1979        Dec 25, In Tong-du-cheon, Korea, two US soldiers, David Medina and Reinaldo Roa, approached an MP station under cover of darkness. Medina and Roa had earlier been arrested for beating up an elderly Korean store owner. They tossed a hand-grenade through the front door and several MPs were injured by shrapnel and other debris. In the ensuing confusion, the suspects escaped. Roa and Medina were later caught after they bragged about their feat.
    (PSS, 12/30/79)

1979        Dec 26, Robert Ben Madison (14) founded the virtual Kingdom of Talossa in his Milwaukee, Wisc., bedroom and migrated it to the Internet in 1996.
    (Econ, 12/24/05, p.85)(www.wired.com/wired/archive/8.03/kingdoms_pr.html)

1979        Dec 27, "Knots Landing," premiered on CBS-TV.
    (www.imdb.com/title/tt0078638/)
1979        Dec 27, Soviet forces seized control of Afghanistan after a 2nd leftist coup. The Soviet backed coup ousted leftists and put a more pro-Moscow regime in power in Kabul. Babrak Karmal (1929-1996) became the new puppet leader and Soviet troops bolstered his rule against Muslim resistance fighters. Hafizullah Amin, who was overthrown, was executed and replaced by Babrak Karmal. Some 15,000 Soviet soldiers reportedly died along with 1 million Afghans.
    (SFC, 9/23/96, A9)(SFC, 9/28/96, p.A8)(WSJ, 12/6/96, p.A1) (WA, 1997,p.737) (AP, 12/27/97)(http://web.mit.edu/cascon/cases/case_afg.html)

1979        Dec 30, Richard Rodgers (b.1902), composer (Rodgers & Hammerstein), died in NYC. His Broadway shows included "Oklahoma" and other classics.
    (www.pbs.org/wnet/americanmasters/database/rodgers_r.html)

1979        Dec 31, The DJIA closed the decade at 838.74.
    (WSJ, 4/8/04, p.C4)

1979        Chris Burden (b.1946) made his work "The Big Wheel," in which a motorcycle powers a huge flywheel that enacts the artist’s drive to magnify himself. This was after he had shot, shocked, impaled and cut himself for attention.
    (SFC, 2/10/98, p.E4)

1979        Judy Chicago (b.1939) published “The Dinner Party: A Symbol of Our Heritage," a milestone of feminist art. It records 1,038 mythical and historical women of Western civilization, especially honoring 39 of these with place settings on a triangular banquet table 48' per side.
    (SFC, 10/1/09, p.E5)(http://tinyurl.com/ycrxrch)

1979        Richard Diebenkorn (1922-1993) painted his "Ocean Park No. 116."
    (SFC, 10/9/97, p.E1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_Diebenkorn)

1979        Roy Lichtenstein (1923-1997), American pop artist, began his "Double Glass" sculpture and finished it in 1980.
    (SFEM, 11/24/96, p.46)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roy_Lichtenstein)

1979        Marta Minujin (b.1943), Argentine artist, made her monumental "The Obelisk of Raising Bread." It was made of 40,000 panetone and was later distributed to the crowd.
    (WSJ, 4/15/98, p.A20)

1979        Sam Shepard (b.1943) wrote his play: "Buried Child." "It presented life as a blurred nightmare founded on vague but bloody sacrifice."
    (WSJ, 5/16/96, p.A-12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sam_Shepard)

1979        The play "Bent" was written by Martin Sherman and first performed in London. It’s Broadway debut was in 1980. It was about a gay love story set in a Nazi concentration camp and was made into a film in 1997 that starred Clive Owen, Mick Jagger and Lothaire Bluteau.
    (SFEC,11/23/97, DB p.43)(SFC,11/26/97, p.E8)

1979        August Wilson, playwright, wrote "Jitney," his first play. It was set in the Hill District of Pittsburgh and was first performed in 1982.
    (WSJ, 8/4/99, p.A20)(WSJ, 4/25/00, p.A24)

1979        Harmony Books published “The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy" by Douglas Adams. In the book the British writer described the Babel fish, a live fish placed in the ear that translates any form of language.  “Deep Thought" was the name of a computer in the book.
    (www.technovelgy.com/ct/content.asp?Bnum=133)(SFC, 4/29/98, p.E1)(Econ, 4/28/12, p.60)

1979        Architect Christopher Alexander authored “The Timeless Way of Building". This book, on the architecture of towns and buildings, has inspired a lot of software patterns work.
    (www.testing.com/test-patterns/intro.html)

1979        John Chapman and John Siseman published their 1st edition of “Cradle Mountain Lake St. Clair," a hiking guide of Tasmania’s Overland Track.
    (www.john.chapman.name/pub-cr.html)

1979        Arthur C. Clarke authored his science fiction novel “The Fountains of Paradise" about the construction of a space elevator.
    (Econ, 6/10/06, Survey p.4)

1979        Greimas-Courtes, a semio-structuralist, published his "Dictionnaire."
    (SFEC, 12/12/99, BR p.11)

1979        Freeman Dyson, British-born theoretical physicist, authored his memoir “Disturbing the Universe."
    (Econ, 3/30/13, p.82)

1979        Don E. Fehrenbacher, Stanford history professor, published "The Dred Scott Case: Its Significance in American Law and Politics."
    (SFC,12/18/97, p.C16)

1979        Former US Pres. Gerald Ford (1908-2006) authored his autobiography “A Time to Heal."
    (WSJ, 1/2/07, p.A1)

1979        Dizzy Gillespie, jazz trumpeter, published his autobiography: "To Be Or Not to Bop."
    (SFEC, 8/29/99, BR p.4)

1979        Prof. Jeanne Giovannoni (1931-2009) and colleague Rosina Becerra authored “Defining Child Abuse."
    (SSFC, 12/27/09, p.C8)

1979        Peter Griffin (d.1998 at 61), mathematician, published "The Theory of Blackjack."
    (SFC, 11/3/98, p.C2)

1979        Leon A. Harris Jr. authored "Merchant Princes: An Intimate History of Jewish Families Who Built Great Department Stores."
    (SFC, 9/2/00, p.A23)

1979        Douglas Hofstadter (b.1945) authored his book "Godel, Escher, Bach." In 1980 he won the Pulitzer Prize for general non-fiction.
    (WSJ, 7/15/99, p.A16)

1979        James Lovelock and Lynn Margulis published "Gaia." In this book Lovelock proposed that the Earth is a huge living organism. The name was inspired by William Golding, author of "Lord of the Flies."
    (NOHY, 3/90, p.198-200)(NH, 10/98, p.10)

1979        Donald T. Lunde (1937-2007), Stanford forensic psychiatrist, authored “Murder and Madness."
    (SFC, 12/25/07, p.B6)

1979        Catherine MacKinnon authored her path breaking "Sexual Harassment of Working Women."
    (SSFC, 7/14/02, p.M6)

1979        Penelope Mortimer (1918-1999) won the Whitbread Prize for her memoir "About Time." The 2nd part of her autobiography was published in 1993.
    (http://facstaff.unca.edu/moseley/whitbread.html)

1979        Frederic Morton (b.1924), Jewish-American writer, authored “A Nervous Splendor: Vienna 1888-1889."
    (SSFC, 2/15/15, p.N7)(www.literaturhaus.at/index.php?id=5660)

1979        Marge Piercy authored her science fiction novel "Woman on the Edge of Time," on travel to the year 2137.
    (WSJ, 1/1/00, p.R8)

1979        Norman Podhoretz, editor of Commentary, authored "Breaking Ranks: A Political Memoir," the 2nd volume of a 3 part series of his memoirs.
    (SFEC, 3/28/99, BR p.8)

1979        V.A. Pritchett (1900-1997), English writer, published his collection of short stories "On the Edge of the Cliff."
    (SFC, 3/22/97, p.A21)

1979        Jose Samarago won the Portuguese Critics Award and was sent by his editors on a cross-country road trip during which he authored "Journey to Portugal: In Pursuit of Portugal’s History and Culture."
    (SSFC, 3/4/01, BR p.3)

1979        Pennsylvania Prof. William T. Sanders (d.1008 at 82) authored “The Basin of Mexico: Ecological Processes in the Evolution of a Civilization." He wrote the book following an aerial survey with colleagues Jeffrey R. parsons and Robert S. Santley.
    (SFC, 7/18/08, p.B10)

1979        Peter Singer authored "Practical Ethics." In it he argued that parents should be allowed to euthanize severely disabled infants. In 1999 Singer was invited to teach at Princeton.
    (SFC, 10/4/99, p.A10)

1979        "The Life and Crimes of Charles Sobhraj" was published as was "Serpentine." The 2 books covered the story of Charles Sobhraj, aka "The Serpent," a criminal jailed in 1975 in India for forgery, fraud and murder. He was released in 1997 and admitted to killing young tourists.
    (SFC, 3/11/97, p.B1)

1979        Actor Robert Stack (1919-2003) authored his autobiography "Straight Shooting."
    (SFC, 5/16/03, p.A1)

1979        Ralph Steadman, caricaturist, published "Sigmund Freud," illustrations of episodes from Freud’s life linked with Freud’s "reduced" statements used to explain the workings of jokes.
    (SFEC,10/19/97, BR p.8)

1979        William Styron authored "Sophie’s Choice." In 1996 he gave composer Nicholas maw permission to turn it into an opera. The opera premiered Dec 7, 2002 at the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden.
    (SFC, 12/11/02, p.D5)

1979        David Sudnow authored “Pilgrim in the Microworld." It described his obsession with a game called Breakout on the Atari 2600. It came out in paperback in 1983.
    (Econ, 12/10/11, p.10)(www.alibris.com/search/books/isbn/9780446375214)

1979        Lyall Watson (1939-2008), South Africa-born scientist and author, proposed the hundredth monkey theory in his book: Lifetide: A Biology of the Unconscious."
    (SFC, 7/22/08, p.B5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hundredth_Monkey)

1979        Tom Wolfe wrote his book "The Right Stuff." It was about US astronauts.
    (WSJ, 11/7/97, p.A1)

1979        Doug Fieger (1952-2010), leader of the power pop band The Knack, sang on the hit "My Sharona." Fieger, a Detroit-area native, formed The Knack in Los Angeles in 1978.
    (AP, 2/15/10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Doug_Fieger)

1979        The British punk group Clash released its “London Calling" album.
    (WSJ, 12/21/04, p.D8)

1979        Elmo and Patsy of Sonoma, Ca., (the Homestead Act) recorded "Grandma Got Run Over by a Reindeer." The lyrics were written by Randy Brooks of San Francisco and it was first played on KSFO radio. In 1984 it topped the yuletide record charts for the 2nd year in a row.
    (SSFC, 12/6/09, DB p.50)

1979        The song "We Are Family" by Sister Sledge became a hit. It was made the theme song for the 1979 Pittsburgh Pirates.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/We_Are_Family_%28song%29)

1979        Itzhak Perlman and the New York Philharmonic premiered the Violin Concerto of Earl Kim (d.1998 at 78) at Avery Fisher Hall.
    (SFC, 11/28/98, p.C2)

1979        Sir Norman Foster, English architect, designed the 41-story Hong Kong and Shanghai Bank headquarters in Hong Kong.
    (WSJ, 5/14/97, p.B1)

1979        Ruth Clark (d.1997) published her newspaper study "Changing Needs of Changing Readers." This sparked the "news you can use" concept and spread across the US. She was also part of the team that introduced exit polls in the 1970’s.
    (SFC, 3/8/96, p.A21)

1979        Rosetta Reitz (1924-2008) founded Roseta Records to remaster and promote recordings by woman in the early history of jazz. By 1995 she completed 17 albums.
    (SFC, 11/18/08, p.B5)

1979        The Pritzker Prize, an Int’l. for award for Architecture, was begun by Jay Pritzker, founder of the Hyatt Hotel chain. The first winner was Philip Johnson for his Glass House in New Canaan, Conn.
    (SFC, 9/5/97, p.A24)(SFEC, 1/24/99, p.D8)(WSJ, 6/15/99, p.A16)

1979        The estate of Charles Bremmer Hogg Jackson, a reclusive Pennsylvania oilman, bequeathed to the Smithsonian a collection of European weapons and accoutrements, much of which was related to the Napoleonic wars.
    (SFC, 10/12/96, p.E3)

1979        Pano’s and Paul’s, a "temple of cuisine," opened in the Buckhead section of Atlanta, Georgia. "Some people likened it to a bordello."
    (Hem., 7/96, p.56)

1979        The Episcopal Church passed a resolution against ordaining practicing homosexuals.
    (SFC, 5/16/96, p.A-1)

1979        Gwen Bell founded the Computer Museum in Boston. It originally used space in Marlborough, Mass., and moved to Boston in 1982 when it became a public, nonprofit educational foundation.
    (SFC, 10/18/96, C9)

1979        Jim Ellis (d.2001 at 45) and Tom Truscott, Duke graduate students, linked computers to share information and created the Usenet electronic bulletin board.
    (SFC, 6/29/01, p.D5)

1979        Larry and Frances Jones founded Feed the Children, an international relief organization. It later received an F rating from the American Institute of Philanthropy (AIP), reporting that only 18% of its cash goes to provide services, and 60% goes for direct mail, TV, and other promotional activities.
    (SFEC, 11/17/96, Par p.24)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Feed_The_Children)

1979        Gary Larson, Seattle humane society investigator, began his career as a cartoonist when SF Chronicle editor George Stanleigh Arnold (d.1997 at 78) purchased his cartoons. His last "Far Side" cartoon was done in 1995. In 1998 he published "There’s a Hair in My Dirt." It was a cautionary tale set in a family of worms.
    (SFC, 5/30/97, p.A26)(SFC, 5/1/98, p.C1)

1979        Tim and Nina Zagat began a mimeographed list of restaurants rated by a few friends that grew into the Zagat restaurant guides. Their first guide covered restaurants in NYC. Sales exceeded $20 million in 2002.
    (SFC, 3/16/02, p.D1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zagat's_Survey)

1979        George Soros started the Open Society Fund, a philanthropic foundation to promote democracy in Eastern Europe and later countries of the former Soviet Union.
    (SFC, 10/1/96, p.A1)

1979        James Beckett, a professor of statistics, put together the first edition of what would become a regular price guide for collector baseball cards. In 1984 he Beckett guide went monthly.
    (Econ, 12/20/14, p.117)
1979        The Los Angeles Angels, owned by Gene Autry, won their first divisional championship.
    (SFC, 10/3/98, p.A14)

1979        English writer Penelope Fitzgerald (1916-2000) won the Booker Prize for her novel "Offshore."
    (WSJ, 4/8/97, p.A20)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Penelope_Fitzgerald)

1979        Sir Arthur Lewis (1915-1991), an economist from St. Lucia, won the Nobel Prize in Economics.
    (Econ, 9/6/08, p.90)
1979        Abdus Salam (1926-1990), Pakistan-born physicist, shared the Nobel Prize in physics with Sheldon Glashow and Steven Weinberg for work on unifying the electromagnetic force and the weak nuclear force.
    (SFC, 11/22/96, p.A28)
1979        Odysseus Elytis (1911-1996), Greek poet, won the Nobel Prize in Literature.
    (AP, 10/8/09)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Odysseas_Elytis)

1979        The US government created a "watch list" to bar admission of immigrants suspected of acts of persecution under authority of Nazi Germany or its wartime Axis allies.
    (SFC, 12/4/96, p.A3)
1979        The US Justice Department’s Office of Special Investigations (OSI) was created. Its purpose was to detect and investigate individuals who took part in state sponsored acts committed in violation of public international law, such as crimes against humanity.
    (SSFC, 11/14/10, p.A18)(www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10007105)
1979        The US began financing Egypt’s military at an annual cost of $1.3 billion.
    (Econ, 2/26/11, p.65)
1979        US forces began serving as peacekeepers in the Sinai Peninsula following the Camp David peace treaty.
    (SFC, 8/19/15, p.A2)

1979        Inflation climbed in the US and gas lines were common.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1979)

1979        Gold, fine art, and antiques rose in value under the inflationary economy. America’s core inflation, which excludes oil and food, rose at a 7% rate.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1979)(Econ, 5/7/05, p.13)

1979        Larry Lee Hillblom and partner Peter Donnici of DHL filed lawsuits and broke the monopoly of the US Post Office delivery of mail. They essentially cleared the way for the birth of the air-courier industry. DHL became an $3 billion company that provided air courier services to 200 countries.
    (WSJ, 5/15/96, p.A-8)(SFEC, 8/16/98, p.A10)

1979        Arthur Christy, the first independent council under a new law, spent $182,000 investigating allegations of drug use by White House Chief of Staff Hamilton Jordan. No charges resulted.
    (SFEC, 3/7/99, Z1 p.6)

1979        The US Congress mandated an unpublished list of Nazi war criminals to include Japanese who committed war atrocities.
    (SFC, 8/15/98, p.A12)

1979        The US House Select Committee on Assassinations reported that conspiracies were "likely" in John F. Kennedy’s death.
    (SFC, 7/9/96, p.A16)

1979        There was a public investigation of the state Court of California under Rose Bird on charges that the court delayed release of decisions for political reasons.
    (SFC, 6/13/96, p.A25)
1979        Construction began in the Lompoc Valley for a $3.5 billion space shuttle port at Vandenberg Air Base. It was finished in 1986 but never used. In 1992 the Air Force turned it over to NASA, which sold it to Spaceport Systems Int’l.
    (SFEC, 7/23/00, p.B7)
1979        The first California Gilroy Garlic Festival was held. It was founded by Rudolph Melone (d,1998 at 73), president of Gavilan Community College, after he read about the garlic festival in Arleux, France, which proclaimed itself the "Garlic Capital of the World."
    (SFC, 10/31/98, p.A24)
1979        The Los Angeles Angels, owned by Gene Autry, won their first divisional championship.
    (SFC, 10/3/98, p.A14)
1979        The California state park system purchased land from Irvine, Ca., for $32.3 million, which became the Crystal Cove State Park.
    (SSFC, 6/4/06, p.G7)
1979        The US Geological Survey installed an array of seismic monitors in the Geysers region of northern California. Since 1960 small earthquakes in the region had increased due to geothermal development.
    (SSFC, 6/8/03, p.A1)
1979        Boris Naumoff, owner of a Twin Peaks liquor store in SF, was murdered. Robert Massie was convicted but the ruling was overturned in 1985. He was sentenced to death for the murder in 1989. He was dubbed "The Killer Who Wants to Die," for requesting his death, but changed his mind. He was also once on death row for a 1965 murder of a San Gabriel woman, but was paroled in 1978, when the state’s death penalty law was struck down. His death sentence was upheld in 1998.
    (SFC, 12/1/98, p.A20)
1979        The Los Angeles Museum of Contemporary Art (MOCA) was founded. Its downtown location at 250 Grand St. opened in 1986.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Museum_of_Contemporary_Art,_Los_Angeles)(Econ, 1/4/14, p.65)
1979        Construction began in California’s Lompoc Valley for a $3.5 billion space shuttle port at Vandenberg Air Base. It was finished in 1986 but never used. In 1992 the Air Force turned it over to NASA, which sold it to Spaceport Systems Int’l.
    (SFEC, 7/23/00, p.B7)
1979        The first Gilroy Garlic Festival was held. It was founded by Rudolph Melone (d,1998 at 73), president of Gavilan Community College, after he read about the garlic festival in Arleux, France, which proclaimed itself the "Garlic Capital of the World." In 1986 Richard Nicholls (1944-2005) took over as executive director.
    (SFC, 10/31/98, p.A24)(SSFC, 6/19/05, p.A24)
1979        The Los Angeles Angels, owned by Gene Autry, won their first divisional championship.
    (SFC, 10/3/98, p.A14)
1979        The California state park system purchased land from Irvine, Ca., for $32.3 million, which became the Crystal Cove State Park.
    (SSFC, 6/4/06, p.G7)
1979        The US Geological Survey installed an array of seismic monitors in the Geysers region of northern California. Since 1960 small earthquakes in the region had increased due to geothermal development.
    (SSFC, 6/8/03, p.A1)
1979        Boris Naumoff, owner of a Twin Peaks liquor store in SF, was murdered. Robert Massie was convicted but the ruling was overturned in 1985. He was sentenced to death for the murder in 1989. He was dubbed "The Killer Who Wants to Die," for requesting his death, but changed his mind. He was also once on death row for a 1965 murder of a San Gabriel woman, but was paroled in 1978, when the state’s death penalty law was struck down. His death sentence was upheld in 1998.
    (SFC, 12/1/98, p.A20)
1979        Brenda Spencer, a teenager in San Diego, shot up an elementary school, killing 2 people and wounding 9. She told police she did it because, "I don’t like Mondays."
    (SFC, 3/6/01, p.A4)
1979        In California the Fritz Underground Winery was dug into a remote hillside of Dry Creek Valley on the edge of Cloverdale. Jay and Barbara Fritz had purchased their 112-acre property in 1970 as a weekend retreat.
    (SSFC, 11/8/09, p.M4)
1979        Old vine syrah was discovered at McDowell Valley Vineyards in California.
    (SSFC, 7/22/12, p.G7)
1979        Alfred Peet, founder of Peet’s Coffee & Tea, sold his Berkeley-based company but stayed on as coffee buyer until 1983.
    (SFC, 7/24/12, p.D5)
1979        Ernie Gabiati (1921-2005) sold his SF Gallo Salame operations to Consolidated Foods Inc. He had taken over the Roma Sausage operation of his father in 1946 and created Gallo Salame Inc.
    (SSFC, 10/16/05, p.B5)

1979        The Colorado Supreme Court found that the public has no right to the use of waters overlying private lands for recreations purposes without the consent of the owner. In 1983 the attorney-general cited a 1977 legislative opinion that floating on rivers while staying off the banks of beds does not constitute trespass.
    (Econ, 7/23/05, p.31)

1979        Chicago closed off 9 blocks of State St. for a transit only mall. The plan failed and after 9 years it was refurbished for $24 million and opened to cars.
    (SFC,11/24/97, p.A1)

1979        In Boston Joseph P. Kennedy launched the Citizen’s Energy Corp., a tax-exempt social welfare program that later depended on for-profit subsidiaries. The initial idea was to ease heating bills during the oil crises. The group signed its 1st crude oil contract with Venezuela. By 2007 the company had expanded to 16 states delivering los-cost oil to as many as 400,000 households. In 1987 Kennedy was elected as a Massachusetts Representative to Congress and served until 1999.
    (WSJ, 3/25/98, p.A1,10)(SFC, 2/17/07, p.A3)

1979        Oregon voters approved a law stipulating that if the state’s general-fund revenue exceeded budget estimates by 2% or more, the excess had to go back to taxpayers.
    (WSJ, 3/24/06, p.A8)

1979        Seminole Indians in Florida won the right to run high-stakes Seminole bingo. Within a decade the Seminoles were making $100 million a year.
    (WSJ, 2/8/00, p.A20)

1979        Bob Charles, a McDonald’s franchisee in Colorado, helped create the Happy Meal when he added a toy to children’s orders at his restaurants.
    (WSJ, 1/30/06, p.B2)

1979        The Delta Blues Museum opened in Clarksdale, Miss.
    (HT, 5/97, p.38)

1979         The Portland Central America Solidarity Committee (PCASC) was founded in Portland, Oregon, to educate and mobilize community members, workers and students around struggles for human rights and social justice throughout the Americas.
    (www.pcasc.net/wordpress2/?page_id=13)

1979        Thomas Langfitt, neurosurgeon, got a seat on the board of directors of the Pew Foundation. He later became president. Together with Ms. Rimel, a protege, he changed the direction of the foundation and pushed for strategic grants to America’s press. They strived to help citizens become less cynical about government and to get more involved.
    (WSJ, 10/17/96, p.A6)

1979        A second oil shortage forced US car buyers to search for smaller vehicles.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)

1979        Geoffrey Ballard co-founded Ballard Power Systems to develop, commercialize and market fuel cells.
    (Econ, 12/6/03, TQp.15)

1979        Kohlberg Kravis Roberts & Co., a private equity firm, made the first leveraged buyout of a publicly traded firm with the purchase of Houdaille Industries for $355 million. By 2007 KKR had completed 145 deals and was among a small group of megafunds with capital of over $100 billion.
    (WSJ, 1/3/07, p.C1)

1979        Samuel Maslak founded Acuson Corp. The company was based on the use of ultrasound, which shoots sound waves into the body, and then converts the echoes to visible images.
    (WSJ, 5/13/96, p.B-3)

1979        Allegheny Airlines was renamed to USAir.
    (WSJ, 11/13/96, p.B1)

1979        IBM Corp. was re-instated as a component of the Dow Jones Industrial Average.
    (WSJ, 5/28/96, p. R-42)
1979        IBM Corp. adopted the Intel 8088 microprocessor for its new personal computer (PC). The chip also launched DOS, Lotus 1-2-3, and other new software.
    (TAR, 1996, p.25)

1979        The Motorola 68000 microprocessor made its debut. It was chosen to be used in the Macintosh Computer, which introduced the first graphical user interface.
    (TAR, 1996, p.26)

1979        International Paper sold its oil business to Mobil Oil Corp.
    (WSJ, 5/28/96, p. R46)

1979        Victor Kiam (d.2001 at 74) bought Remington for $25 million in a leveraged buyout. "I liked it so much that I bought the company."
    (SFC, 5/29/01, p.A17)

1979        R.J. Reynolds acquired Del Monte for $618 million.
    (SFC, 3/1/97, p.B1)

1979        Seagate Corp., a manufacturer of disk drives, was founded by Alan Shugart and Finis Conner. Shugart was credited with leading an IBM team that invented the floppy disk.
    (SFC, 11/15/99, p.A6)

1979        Carol Shaw became the first female video game designer with the release of her Atari game, 3D Tic-Tac-Toe.
    (SFC, 2/18/14, p.A6)

1979        Dave Smith and Paul Hawken of Mill Valley, Ca., founded Smith & Hawken to provide organic gardeners with handcrafted tools from England. Their first store opened in 1982 and in 1993 it became part of the CML conglomerate group. When CML went bankrupt in 1999 Smith & Hawken went to DDJ Capital Management, a private investment firm. In 2004 Scotts Miracle-Gro bought Smith & Hawken for $72 million. In 2009 Scotts Miracle-Gro began closing its 56 Smith & Hawken stores due to continuing losses.
    (SFC, 7/10/09, p.A1,10)

1979        Japan’s Sony Corp. introduced the Walkman, the 1st personal headphone stereo.
    (WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R34)(WSJ, 3/7/05, p.A8)

1979        Mel Zuckerman and his wife Enid opened Canyon Ranch, America’s first total vacation and fitness resort, on an old dude ranch in Tucson, Arizona. By 2007 it was recognized as a premium health-spa of choice for the super rich.
    (Econ, 1/6/07, p.51)

1979        A conferencing system called Participate was designed for The Source, the first commercial online system.
    (Wired, 5/97, p.104)

1979        PCB’s (polychlorinated biphenyls) were banned in the US. They had been used in the manufacture of electronic capacitors and transformers.
    (SFC, 7/2/96, p.A9)

1979        The US Fish and Wildlife Service established Crocodile Lake National Wildlife Refuge at the northern end of Key Largo, Florida.
    (PacDis., Spg. 96, p.49)

1979        Bruce Weindruch founded Informative Design Group, Inc. The original business proposition was to marry solid historical research with distinctive graphic design to inform and educate a range of intended audiences. In 1989 it renamed itself “The History Factory," a heritage management firm. The company works with corporations, associations, and large not-for-profits to help them, identify, capture, maintain, and access their heritage and history, their artifacts and archives.
    (Econ, 9/8/07, p.66)(www.historyfactory.com/index.aspx?sectionid=106)

1979        Robert Klark Graham (1907-1997) founded the Repository for Germinal Choice, a sperm bank, in Escondido, Ca.
    (SFC,2/17/97, p.C2)(http://www.boston.com/globe/search)

1979        AIDS was diagnosed for the first time. When the first cases of AIDS erupted in 1979 the most important sign was the occurrence of Kaposi's sarcoma (KS), the so-called "gay cancer" appearing on the bodies of some homosexuals dying of the disease.
    (V.D.-H.K.p.354)(www.konformist.com/1999/aids/cantwell2.htm)

1979        Robert Weinberg, Ph.D., demonstrated the first biologically active oncogene in human bladder cancer.
    (WSJ, 2/27/04, p.A1)

1979        Dr. J. Robert Warren first observed an apparent bacterium in the lower part of stomach biopsies. In 1982 Dr. Barry Marshall managed to grow the slow-growing Helicobacter pylori bacterium in a culture. In 2005 the Australian researchers won a Nobel Prize for their work.
    (SFC, 8/7/97, p.A11)

1979        The US eliminated polio within its borders. Most of the world's cases were in India.
    (WSJ, 3/23/00, p.B1)

1979        Swedish scientist Bengt Samuelson identified a natural chemical produced in the body that helps spawn the severe, breath shortening attacks that are the hallmark of asthma. He received the Nobel Prize in 1982.
    (WSJ, 4/5/96, p.B-1)

1979        The first example of a gravitational lens was discovered  when a suspicious-looking double quasar was observed.
    (NH, 2/97, p.77)

1979        The US Geological Survey installed an array of seismic monitors in the Geysers region of northern California. Since 1960 small earthquakes in the region had increased due to geothermal development.
    (SSFC, 6/8/03, p.A1)

1979        An electromagnetic field created by a beam of charged particles interacted with the accelerating radio-frequency cavity itself and came to be called the wakefield effect.
    (http://tinyurl.com/ppqjtk6)(Econ, 1/31/15, p.70)

1979        Scientists developed the moment magnitude scale. It succeeded the Richter scale for measuring earthquakes.
    (SSFC, 1/21/07, p.M3)

1979        The Mathematical Sciences Research Institute was founded on the campus of UC Berkeley.
    (SFC, 3/26/04, p.A1)

1979        The U of M Institute for Social Research (ISR) began its National Survey of Black Americans.
    (MT, Fall. ‘97, p.4)

1979        Aquanaut Sylvia Earle planted an American flag on the sea floor off Oahu’s Makapu’u Point on the deepest untethered dive at 1,250 feet.
    (SFEC, 9/7/97, p.T5)

1979        Hadrosaur nests were found in Montana and showed that the reptiles nested in extensive rookeries and looked after their young for some time after birth.
    (T.E.-J.B. p.20)

1979        Martin Pomerantz (1916-2008, American astrophysicist, built a telescope at the South Pole and propelled the new field of helio-seismology. In 1995 the National Science Foundation dedicated the Martin A. Pomerantz Observatory in Antarctica.
    (SSFC, 11/2/08, p.B3)

1979        Afghanistan conducted a census.
    (Econ, 6/16/12, p.46)
1979        Osama bin Laden left Saudi Arabia to fight against the Soviets in Afghanistan, where he laid the groundwork for his al-Qaeda network.
    (NW, 11/19/01, p.35)

1979        The Belgium government decided to nationalize its steel companies. Half of them were owned by Albert Frere (b.1926).
    (Econ, 4/22/06, p.64)

1979        On the island of Bonaire, Netherland Antilles, a Marine Park was legislated to protect everything living or dead from the high tide mark to a depth of 200 feet.
    (SFEC, 10/6/96, T8)

1979        The Brazilian Democratic Movement (MDB), founded in 1965, was renamed the Brazilian Democratic Movement Party (PMDB).
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brazilian_Democratic_Movement_Party)
1979        The Minimum Critical Size of Ecosystems Project was established as a collaborative research project between the Smithsonian Institution and the Brazilian Institute for Research in the Amazon. It was later renamed the Biological Dynamics of Forest Fragments project.
    (NH, 7/98, p.35)(http://pdbff.inpa.gov.br/iquem.html)

1979        In Britain Departmental Select Committees were formed to scrutinize the government.
    (http://tinyurl.com/m2rfk4q)(Econ, 11/23/13, p.60)
1979        In Britain Jeremy Thorpe (1929-2014), a member of Parliament and former head of the Liberal Party, was acquitted on charges of incitement to murder and conspiracy to murder Norman Scott, a stable boy and former male model who claimed to have had an affair with him in the 1960s.
    (Econ, 12/13/14, p.92)
1979        Controls on capital movement  across borders were abandoned by the U.K. and Japan. France and Italy abandoned controls in the late 1980s.
    (WSJ, 5/28/96, p. R-44)
1979        In Britain Vickers PLC acquired the Rolls-Royce company. By this time the "Spirit of Ecstasy" statuette atop the Parthenon-style metal grill was an established status symbol.
    (WSJ, 10/28/97, p.B1)

1979        Oil production in Brunei peaked.
    (WSJ, 10/25/05, p.A1)

1979        The National Museum re-opened in Cambodia. It had been closed under the Khmer Rouge rule.
    (AM, May/Jun 97 p.60)
1979        Cambodia signed a border agreement with Vietnam. Hun Sen was foreign minister in a government installed by a Vietnamese occupation force.
    (AP, 8/15/15)
1979        Documents from Phnom Penh, Cambodia, that detailed the genocide by the Khmer Rouge, were discovered and copied for storage in American libraries.
    (SFC, 6/7/96, p.A16)
1979        The Khmer Rouge took refuge in Cambodia’s Cardamom Mountains and fought on for another 19 years. Their presence in the area acted as a preservative for the natural wildlife.
    (SFC, 4/8/00, p.A14)
1979        Cambodian farmer Neang Say stumbled onto the Killing Fields, the main execution and disposal site for the condemned inmates of Tuol Sleng, Pol Pot’s most notorious prison.
    (Econ, 5/14/05, p.45)

1979        John Crosbie (d.1994), a Canadian writer, founded the Save the Puns Foundation.
    (WSJ, 1/22/98, p.A17)
1979        The Hibernia oil field in the Grand Banks off Canada was discovered with an estimated 600 million barrels of oil good for 25 years.
    (SFC, 9/2/96, p.D5)

1979        In the Central African Republic some 100 school children were slaughtered following a protest over expensive uniforms owned by one of the wives of Emp. Jean-Bedel Bokassa.
    (SFC, 10/11/03, p.A2)

1979        Chilean Communist Party Sec. Gen’l. Luis Corvalan proclaimed from Moscow a new era of acute violence, and endorsed guerrilla warfare, terrorism and a massive armed uprising.
    (WSJ, 10/30/98, p.A19)

1979        Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping launched his "open door" policies and trade reform and chose Shenzhen as the country’s first special economic zone.
    (WSJ, 2/20/97, p.A20)(WSJ, 11/16/99, p.A19)(Econ, 10/4/14, SR p.11)
1979        Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping met with Gyalo Thondup, the brother of the Dalai Lama, beginning nearly a decade of on and off dialogue over Tibet.
    (WSJ, 8/30/08, p.A8)
1979        China and the US formed the U.S.-China Joint Economic Commission forum to thrash out economic issues.
    (AP, 10/16/05)
1979        China adopted a family planning policy that limited families to one child. There were a number of exceptions such as for rural families, fisherman and ethnic minorities. Single children raised under the policy were to be allowed 2 children.
    (SFC,10/20/97, p.A8)
1979        China began allowing commercial advertising again. This quickly weakened the alliance between art and the Communist Party.
    (Econ, 12/20/14, p.65)

1979        Czech playwright and dissident Vaclav Havel was sentenced to 5 years in prison. He was released early in 1983.
    (Econ, 12/31/11, p.33)

1979        The Abu Hassira festival was made possible after Egypt signed a peace treaty with Israel. Thereafter it has repeatedly drawn angry reactions from residents of the village. Abu Hassira (Abi Hasira), a renowned Jewish religious figure from Morocco, fell ill and died in Egypt in 1880.
    (AFP, 1/11/12)

1979        In El Salvador guerrilla warfare broke out in the cities and countryside amid government repression.
    (WSJ, 1/10/05, p.A10)

1979        Martin Bouygues founded Maison Bouygues to sell prefabricated homes in France. By 1984 the firm was France’s 2nd largest of its kind.
    (Econ, 12/2/06, p.72)
1979        Claude Tabet (b.1924), French painter and illustrator, died.
    (SFC, 1/25/06, p.G2)

1979        In Germany “The Greens" political party formed to give the environmental movement political and parliamentary representation.
    (Econ, 4/2/11, p.13)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_Green_Party)

1979        Jonathan Motzfeldt became the first premier of Greenland after home rule was introduced. He served to 1991. He served a 2nd term from 1997-2002 and was later considered one of the founding fathers of its home rule agreement with Denmark.
    (AP, 10/29/10)

1979        In Grenada the New Jewel Movement of Maurice Bishop overthrew a corrupt government led by Eric Gairy and allied itself with Cuba. Cuba then gave Grenada millions of dollars for the construction of the Point Saline International Airport. US strategists feared the airport would project Cuban air power into South America.
    (SFC, 7/25/98, p.A10)(SSFC, 12/11/05, p.F5)

1979        Anil Agarwal (25), a scrap metal merchant in India, founded Vedanta Resources. In 2007 the company’s market cap reached $10 billion and his personal fortune was estimated at $5.4 billion.
    (Econ, 7/28/07, p.72)

1979        In Indonesia Pramoedya Ananta Toer, outspoken writer, was released after spending 14 years in a labor camp on the island of Buru. He was never charged with a crime. Upon his release he wrote and published the "Buru Quartet" of novels. In 1999 his memoir of those years was published in English as "The Mute's Soliloquey." He was kept under either house or city arrest even after his release until 1999 when he was allowed a passport to visit New York City.
    (WSJ, 4/30/99, p.W9)

1979        An Islamic Revolution took over Iran. A ban on fax machines, video recorders, and video tapes soon followed.
    (SFEC, 4/13/97, BR p.4)(Econ, 7/19/14, p.43)
1979        The government of Iran began fighting the Kurdish Democratic Party.
    (WSJ, 7/11/96, p.A10)
1979        Iran’s Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini cut diplomatic ties with Egypt.
    (Econ, 2/12/11, p.29)
1979        In Iran Germany began to build a 1,000-megawatt light-water nuclear reactor at Bushehr. Germany later abandoned the project and it was given over to Russia.
    (SFC, 3/7/98, p.A7)
1979        In Iran the population was estimated at 34 million and the government urged the populace to breed an Islamic generation.
    (SFC, 5/15/98, p.D2)

1979        Iraq put its biological weapons program on hold.
    (SFEC, 3/7/99, p.A18)
1979        Saddam Hussein executed some 500 rival party leaders. This was most of the leadership of the Baathist Party. Said Aburish, author of "A Brutal Friendship: The West and the Arab Elite Against the Arab People," was quoted on the execution in 2002. Aburish also later authored a biography of Hussein. In 2003 a Baath document was found called Punishment Law 111. Section 200, the "execution section," stated that the death penalty is mandatory for party disloyalty.
    (SFC, 2/7/02, p.A14)(WSJ, 4/3/03, p.A1)(SSFC, 4/6/03, p.W7)

1979        Ireland’s PM Charles J. Haughey made contraception available to married couples, with a doctor's prescription, despite the opposition of the Catholic hierarchy.
    (AP, 6/13/06)

1979        In Israel the 1st class of cadets entered Talpiot, a government sponsored program for science study to be followed by 6 years of paid service in the military. The cadets were charged with improving the armed services through technology.
    (WSJ, 1/6/07, p.A6)
1979        Israeli cousins Menachem Golan (d.2014) and Yoram Globus bought Canon Films. In 2015 they were the subjects of the documentary “The Go-Go Boys: The Inside Story of Canon Films."
    (SFC, 7/22/15, p.E1)

1979        Toshio Hara, heir to a lumber and paper fortune, opened the Hara Museum in Tokyo.
    (SFC, 10/29/03, p.D8)
1979        Prof. Ezra Vogel of Harvard authored "Japan as Number One."
    (WSJ, 12/27/99, p.A1)
1979        The Japanese anime film "Lupin III, Castle of Cogliostro" was the debut feature by Hayao Miyazaki.
    (SFEC, 10/31/99, DB p.9)
1979        A summit of leading industrial nations, Group of Seven or G-7, was held in Tokyo.
    (SFC, 6/20/97, p.A16)
1979        Raymond Bushnell (d.1998 at 87), lawyer, organized a netsuke display at a private gallery. Netsuke are miniature sculptures formerly used as toggles for the strings of purses worn suspended from kimono sashes. He later wrote 7 books on netsuke including: "Collector's Netsuke" and "Netsuke Familiar and Unfamiliar."
    (SFC, 2/23/98, p.A21)
1979        Japan’s Sony Corp. introduced the Walkman, the 1st personal headphone stereo.
    (WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R34)(WSJ, 3/7/05, p.A8)
1979        The Japanese oil ship Takeo Maru sank in a storm off the coast of Sakhalin Island with its tanks full. The rusty tanks later began leaking and in 2000 a huge slick hit the port city of Shakhtyorsk.
    (SFC, 7/8/00, p.D8)
1979        Cyclone Tip, the strongest storm on record, hit Japan.
    (Reuters, 10/24/15)

1979        In Namibia Nick (d.2001) and Marieta van der Merwe began taking in injured animals on their 100,000 acre cattle farm. They later turned the farm into a trust called the Harnas Wildlife Foundation (www.harnas.de/en).
    (SSFC, 1/7/07, p.G7)

1979        In Nicaragua the Sandinistas led an insurrection against Gen’l. Somoza.
    (SFC, 10/15/96, p.A1)

1979        Nigeria outlawed gas flaring, to be phased out over 5 years. The law was not enforced and in 2008 some 20 billion cubic meters of year were flared, out of a global total of 150 billion.
    (Econ, 4/5/08, p.50)

1979        In Northern Ireland John Hume (b.1937) became the leader of Northern Ireland’s main Catholic party, the Social Democratic and Labor Party. Hume was also elected this year to represent Northern Ireland in the European Parliament at Strasbourg.
    (SFC, 4/11/98, p.A8)(www.politics.ie/wiki/index.php?title=John_Hume)

1979        In Northern Ireland Robert "Basher" Bates pleaded guilty to 10 murders. He was a member of the Shankhill Butchers, a Protestant gang that kidnapped and tortured Catholics. He received 14 life sentences but was released in 1996 after turning state’s evidence and converting to a born-again Christian. In 1997 he was shot to death in revenge.
    (SFC, 6/18/97, p.A8)

1979        A North Korean chemist in 2004 reported that he witnessed the death of 2 men this year as the regime tested chemical weapons on political prisoners.
    (AP, 3/4/04)

1979        Mohammad Zia ul-Haq, military dictator of Pakistan, began his Islamization program. It declared drinking a “heinous crime" punishable by public flogging and led many people to turn to drugs.
    (SFC, 4/20/00, p.A16)
1979        Pakistan introduced the Hudood ordinances, which included a clause stating that to prove rape, a woman must have at least 4 male witnesses. If the woman fails to provide proof, she herself faces the charge of adultery.
    (SSFC, 7/9/06, p.A18)
1979        Refugee camps were established around Peshawar, Pakistan, for those fleeing Afghanistan following the Soviet invasion.
    (SSFC, 9/30/01, p.A19)

1979        In the Philippines a UN Conference on Trade and Development was held and thousands of squatters around Manila were forcibly moved out of sight.
    (SFC, 11/18/96, p.A12)

1979        An attack by Puerto Rican independence militants killed two US sailors and wounded 10. A group known as Los Macheteros staged the attack in reaction to the death of an activist in a US prison. In 2014 Juan Galloza Acevedo (78) was arrested and sentenced 5 years in prison for his minor role in the attack.
    (AP, 8/7/14)

1979        The Russian film “Stalker" was directed by Andrei Tarkovsky. In 2012 Geoff Dyer authored “Zone: A Book About a Film About a Journey to a Room."
    (SSFC, 3/11/12, p.F4)
1979        Researchers at Moscow’s Institute of Nanotechnology began working on an additive to improve fuel efficiency in car engines. Italians moved the project forward by using serpentine nanopowders and a product named Clap was expected to hit markets in December, 2005.
    (Econ, 10/8/05, p.88)
1979        The Soviet Union established a brigade in Cuba.
    (SSFC, 1/20/02, p.A7)

1979        South Africa privatized Sasol, a coal-to-liquids facility, and listed it on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange.
    (WSJ, 8/16/06, p.A12)

1979        In Spain Pilar Miro, film director, made "The Cuenca Crime," an expose of Civil Guard torture with graphic violence. It was censored.
    (SFC, 10/20/97, p.A19)

1979        Sweden became the first country to outlaw all violence by adults on children and teenagers.  By 2010 twenty five countries had anti-spanking statutes.
    (Econ, 9/4/04, p.54)(Econ, 5/31/08, p.62)(AP, 7/14/10)
1979        Stig Bergling (1937-2015), a former Swedish security officer who sold secrets to the Soviet Union, was caught in Israel. He had given Moscow details on the location of coastal defense sites and weapon systems, forcing neutral Sweden to revamp much of its defense system. In Sweden he was sentenced to life in prison, but fled while on leave in 1987. He and his wife returned to Sweden in 1994. He went back to prison, but was released in 1997 after his life sentence was commuted.
    (AP, 1/29/15)

1979        At Davos, Switzerland, the World Economic Forum became the first nongovernmental institution to initiate a partnership with China’s economic development commissions.
    (WSJ, 1/23/08, p.A8)

1979        In Tanzania two new varieties of cassava root were introduced. They were more resistant to draught and more poisonous in raw form.
    (NH, 7/96, p.13)

1979        Mehmet Ali Agca made a jailbreak in Istanbul. He was being tried for the killing of Abdi Ipekci, a leading left-wing columnist. In 1981 he shot Pope John Paul in Rome. In 2006 Agca was wrongfully released from prison in Turkey due to miscalculations in his term. He was re-imprisoned 8 days later. Agca was finally released on Jan 18, 2010.
    (SFC, 12/10/96, p.A10)(AP, 1/12/06)(AP, 1/18/10)

1979        The UN produced the animated film "Broom." It won the Cannes Festival Palme D’Or.
    (SFC, 8/26/97, p.E4)
1979        The UN produced the film "People: A Matter of Balance." It included film footage shot by director Roberto Rossellini in the Amazon and Africa.
    (SFC, 8/26/97, p.E4)
1979        The UN opened a major branch in Vienna, Austria, as a third world center. It was promoted by Chancellor Bruno Kreisky. The complex cost Austria $880 mil. and was rented to the UN for a nominal annual rent of one dime.
    (SFC, 2/17/96, p.A14)(SFC, 2/17/97, p.A14)

1979        In Zimbabwe a program of disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR) was implemented following the end of a civil war.
    (Econ, 6/26/10, p.47)

1979-1980    60 Minutes was the top ranking network show on television with a ranking of 28.2%.
    (WSJ, 4/24/95, p.R-5)

1979-1980    A recession hit Michigan.
    (WSUAN, V.52, p.6)
1979-1980    German film director Rainer Werner Fassbinder made "Berlin Alexanderplatz," a 15-hour TV opus on Germany between the wars. It was based on Alfred Doblin's great modernist novel.
    (WSJ, 1/14/97, p.A16)(www.criterion.com/asp/release.asp?id=411)
1979-1980    The Islamic Jihad was founded in Egypt by Palestinian students from the Gaza Strip. Nafez Azzam was one of the founders. Control was later moved to Iran with training and funding from Iran, Syria and Hezbollah in Lebanon. Leaders included Ramadan Shalah and Abdullah Shami.
    (www.mideastweb.org/Middle-East-Encyclopedia/egyptian_islamic_jihad.htm)(SFC, 6/6/02, p.A12)

1979-1981    James Lees-Milne (1908-1997), English biographer, kept diaries during this period that were published in 2001 as "Deep Romantic Chasm: Diaries 1979-1981."
    (SSFC, 8/12/01, DB p.63)
1979-1981    In El Salvador an estimated 30,000 people were killed by army-backed right-wing death squads.
    (SSFC, 3/15/09, p.A7)

1979-1983    Ford Motors during this period closed 13 factories and dropped its work force from 191,000 to 101,000 people.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)

1979-1984    The TV series "Hart to Hart" with Robert Wager and Stefanie Powers was produced.
    (SFC, 8/13/97, Z1 p.3)

1979-1989    The Afghanistan resistance fought off Soviet troops. It was backed by intelligence services of the US and Saudi Arabia and nearly $6 billion worth of weapons.
    (SFC, 8/24/98, p.A8)
1979-1992    Habibullah Jalalzoy (b.1946) served as the head of the interrogations unit within the Afghan military intelligence under the communist regime. In 2005 Dutch prosecutors demanded a sentence of 9 years in prison for war crimes and torture.
    (http://tinyurl.com/l4w8jqs)(AP, 9/26/05)
1979-1992    This period in Afghanistan was later covered in Nelofer Pazira’s 2005 memoir “A Bed of Red Flowers: In Search of My Afghanistan."
    (SSFC, 9/11/05, p.F1)

1979-1995    Lane Kirkland (1922-1999) served as president of the AFL-CIO. In 2005 Arch Puddington authored “Lane Kirkland: Champion of American Labor."
    (WSJ, 3/8/05, p.D7)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lane_Kirkland)

1979-1996    During this period Ireland’s PM Charles J. Haughey took some 11.56 million euros in payments for favors.
    (Econ, 10/20/07, p.117)

1979-1997    In the Dominican Rep. Metales y Oxido S.A., ran a battery recycling plant in Haina. It left behind fields of lead powder that sickened local people and caused brain damage in children. The Dominican government said in 1999 that the site would be cleaned up, but little was done. In 2007 cleanup efforts began to move forward.
    (AP, 6/20/07)

1979-2002    In Panama munitions explosions from the 44,000-acre former US firing range left 24 fatalities over this period. 100,000 pieces of unexploded ordnance were estimated to remain in the ranges named Empire, Piña and Balboa West.
    (SFC, 5/27/02, p.A3)

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