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Timeline 1982

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1982        Jan 1, Cecil Williams (b.1929), the pastor of San Francisco’s Glide Memorial Church, married Janice Mirikitani (b.1941). Both had children from previous marriages.
    (SSFC, 12/6/09, p.A9)

1982        Jan 2, The Somali National Movement (SNM) launched its first military operation against the Somali government. Operating from Ethiopian bases.
    (www.onwar.com/aced/data/sierra/somalia1982b.htm)

1982        Jan 3, A small plane crashed into the peak of White Mountain in northern California. Donnie Priest (10), the only survivor, was rescued 5 days later but lost both legs due to frostbite. His mother and stepfather were killed in the crash.
    (SSFC, 11/25/07, p.A1)

1982        Jan 5, A Federal judge voided an Arkansas state law requiring balanced classroom treatment of evolution and creationism.
    (www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=4726786)(HN, 1/5/99)

1982        Jan 6, Truck driver William G. Bonin was convicted in Los Angeles of being the "freeway killer" who had murdered 14 young men and boys.
    (AP, 1/6/02)

1982        Jan 8, American Telephone and Telegraph settled the Justice Department's antitrust lawsuit against it by agreeing to divest itself of the 22 Bell System companies. The ATT Bell System was ordered to be subdivided into 7 Baby Bells by the US government. The case was led by William F. Baxter (d.1998 at 69), anti-trust chief for the Reagan administration.
    (I&I, Penzias, p.190)(HFA, '96, p.22)(AP, 1/8/98)(SFC, 11/28/98, p.C2)
1982        Jan 8, The US Justice Dept withdrew an antitrust suit against IBM.
    (http://tinyurl.com/3e2guh)

1982        Jan 9, A 5.9 earthquake hit New England & Canada; the 1st since 1855.
    (http://tinyurl.com/32vvon)

1982        Jan 11, Dwight Clark made "The Catch" and the SF 49ers won against Dallas in the NFC title game. In Super Bowl XVI San Francisco played against Cincinnati.
    (SFEC, 4/27/97, p.B13)(SFC, 1/28/97, p.E1)
1982        Jan 11, The Reagan Administration announced that it will continue to help Taiwan produce F-5E fighter planes, but will not sell more advanced models.
    (www.cedmagic.com/home/ced-digest/ced-digest-vol-07/ced-digest0701.html)

1982        Jan 12, Peking protested the sale of U.S. planes to Taiwan. The sale set an annual process that continued to 2001.
    (HN, 1/12/99)(SFC, 4/25/01, p.A9)

1982        Jan 13, An Air Florida 737 crashed into the capital's 14th Street Bridge after takeoff and fell into the Potomac River, killing 78 people.
    (AP, 1/13/98)

1982        Jan 15, Walter W. Smith (b.1905), NY sports writer, died in Connecticut. He won the Pulitzer Prize in 1976 and in 2000 a collection of 167 essays (1941-1981) was published: "Red Smith on Baseball: The Game’s Greatest Writer on the Game’s Greatest Years."
    (SFEM, 4/9/00, p.18)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Red_Smith_(sportswriter))

1982        Jan 17, Varlan Shalamov, Russian writer, journalist, poet and Gulag survivor, died in Moscow.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Varlam_Shalamov)

1982        Jan 18, Four Thunderbird USAF pilots died when their T-38 Talon jets crashed at Indian Springs Auxiliary Airfield, Nv. Mechanical failure was cited as the cause. Shortly after, the precision flying team began flying F-16 fighter jets. It was the worst accident in the Thunderbirds' history. In all, 18 pilots and one crew member have died in Thunderbird crashes.
    (www.reviewjournal.com)(SFC, 8/30/03, p.A22)

1982        Jan 19, Thomas Kean (b.1935) began serving as the 48th governor of New Jersey. In 2002 President George W. Bush appointed him as Chairman of the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States, widely known as the 9/11 Commission, which was responsible for investigating the causes of the September 11, 2001 attacks and providing recommendations to prevent future terrorist attacks.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Kean)

1982        Jan 21, Convict-turned-author Jack Henry Abbott was found guilty in New York City of first-degree manslaughter in the stabbing death of waiter Richard Adan in 1981. Abbott was later sentenced to 15 years to life in prison; he committed suicide in 2002.
    (AP, 1/21/07)

1982        Jan 22, President Reagan formally linked progress in arms control to Soviet repression in Poland.
    (HN, 1/22/99)
1982        Jan 22, Eduardo Frei Montalva (b.1911), former Chilean President (1964-1970), died from septic shock as he recovered from stomach surgery at a Santiago clinic. In 2007 his family filed a court complaint claiming that Frei had been assassinated by poisoning after a Belgian university investigation found mustard gas in the body of the former Christian Democratic leader. In 2009 a Chilean judge ruled that Montalva was assassinated and that his killing was covered up by people linked to the dictatorship of Gen. Pinochet. Six people were charged in the case.
    (AP, 1/24/07)(AP, 12/7/09)

1982        Jan 24, A draft of Air Force history reported that the U.S. secretly sprayed herbicides on Laos during the Vietnam War.
    (HN, 1/24/99)

1982        Jan 25, In Stockton, Ca., Renee Rontal (13) and Nancy Rubia (13) were out looking for fun on a popular cruising strip when they were picked up by a 22-year-old Reyes and 21-year-old Antonio Espinoza. The next day a farm worker found Renee in a ditch outside town with her throat cut. Nancy was found nearby face down in shallow water, and an autopsy concluded that she died from drowning in the muddy water. Both girls had been beaten and raped. Espinoza was arrested a year and a half after the killing and was convicted of murder. On May 27, 2011, FBI agents and Mexican federal police arrested Alfredo Reyes (51) outside a pool hall in Tijuana, where he had been living under an alias.
    (AP, 6/24/11)

1982        Jan 27, "Joseph & the Amazing Dreamcoat" opened at Royale NYC for 747 performances.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_and_the_Amazing_Technicolor_Dreamcoat)
1982        Jan 27, Civilian rule resumed in Honduras.
    (www.heritage.org/Research/LatinAmerica/bg264.cfm)

1982        Jan 28, Italian anti-terrorism forces rescued U.S. Brigadier General James L. Dozier, 42 days after he had been kidnapped by the Red Brigades.
    (AP, 1/28/98)

1982        Jan, In Chicago Lloyd Wickliffe, a security guard, was killed in a McDonald's restaurant. Later Andrew Wilson (d.2008) told his lawyers that he, and not Alton Logan, had killed the guard. On March 17 Lawyers Kunz, Coventry and Miller signed a notarized affidavit: "I have obtained information through privileged sources that a man named Alton Logan ... who was charged with the fatal shooting of Lloyd Wickliffe ... is in fact not responsible for that shooting...” In 2008 Logan was still in jail waiting for a new trial.
    (AP, 4/12/08)
1982        Jan, In South Carolina Dorothy Ely Edwards (75) was raped and stabbed 52 times. Edward Lee Elmore was convicted twice for the murder but DNA evidence in 2000 suggested that he was innocent. In 2005 his sentence was commuted to life in prison. In 2012 Raymond Bonner authored “Anatomy of Justice: A Murder Case Gone Wrong.”
    (SFC, 12/22/00, p.A7)(Econ, 2/18/12, p.84)
1982        Jan, The cow named Ubre Blanca (10), crossed from a Holstein and a Zebu, produced 241 pounds of milk in a single day. The town of Nueva Geron, Cuba, erected a marble statue for her after her death in 1985.
    (WSJ, 5/21/02, p.A1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ubre_Blanca)
1982        Jan, In Haiti journalist Richard Brisson was murdered. He was part of a small group of guerrillas attempting to overthrow dictator Jean-Claude Duvalier. Brisson died in detention between Jan. 11 and March 26 after interrogation by the military. The manager of his station, he was arrested with two others on Jan. 11 and charged with attempting to topple the government of then-President Jean-Claude Duvalier.
    (SFC, 10/20/98, p.C12)(www.newseum.org/scripts/Journalist/Detail.asp?PhotoID=465)

1982        Feb 1, Top hits included: I Can’t Go for That (No Can Do), Daryl Hall and John Oates; Waiting for a Girl Like You, Foreigner; Hooked on Classics, The Royal Philharmonic Orchestra; The Sweetest Thing I’ve Ever Known, Juice Newton.
    (440 Int'l, 2/1/1999)
1982        Feb 1, The "Late Night with David Letterman" premiered on NBC TV.
    (AP, 2/1/02)

1982        Feb 2, Pres. Hafez Assad ordered the Syrian army under his brother, Rifaat Assad, to crush a fundamentalist Muslim revolt in Hama. At least 10,000 residents were massacred. The Muslim Brotherhood played a role in the crushed uprising.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hama_Massacre)(Econ, 10/27/07, p.33)(Econ, 2/18/12, p.50)

1982        Feb 4, Musical "Pump Boys & Dinettes," premiered in NYC for 573 performances.
    (www.ibdb.com/production.asp?ID=4161)
1982        Feb 4, President Reagan announced a plan to eliminate all medium-range nuclear missiles in Europe.
    (AP, 2/4/02)

1982        Feb 5, Laker Airways, founded in 1966 by Sir Freddie Laker, collapsed owing $351M.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laker_Airways)

1982        Feb 6, Civil rights workers began a march from Carrolton to Montgomery, Alabama.
    (HN, 2/6/99)
1982        Feb 6, In Concord, Ca., Tara Burke (2 3/4 years old) was kidnapped by Luis "Tree Frog" Johnson (33) and Alex Cabarga (17). She was molested and held captive in a van for ten months before being freed on Dec 18. Johnson was sentenced to 527 years in prison and Cabarga served 25 years.
    (SFC,10/27/97, p.A1,4)

1982        Feb 8, John Hay Whitney (b.1904), oil and tobacco heir, died. He was a publisher of the New York Herald Tribune and served as an ambassador to Britain. His wife of 40 years was Betsy Cushing Whitney (d.1998).
    {USA, Oil, Smoking}
    (WSJ, 8/7/98, p.W12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Hay_Whitney)

1982        Feb 9, On approach to Haneda Airport a Japan Airlines DC-8 plunged into Tokyo Bay killing 24 people. 141 survived the crash caused when the captain pushed the nose down prematurely and engaged in a struggle with the co-pilot.
    (WSJ, 3/10/98, p.A1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japan_Airlines_Flight_350)

1982        Feb 13, In Guatemala 73 men and women from Rio Negro were ordered by the local military commander to report to Xococ, a village upstream from the reservoir zone which had a history of land conflicts and hostility with Rio Negro. Only one woman out of the 73 villagers returned to Rio Negro, the rest were raped, tortured and then murdered by Xococ's Civil Defense Patrol, or PAC, one of the notorious paramilitary units used by the state as death squads. The Guatemalan army invaded Santa Maria Tzeja and massacred 13 people. Villagers fled their homes following the massacre. In 2004 Beatriz Manz authored "Paradise in Ashes: A Guatemalan Journey of courage, Terror and Hope."
    (http://tinyurl.com/34hubh)(SSFC, 2/14/04, p.M3)(www.rightsaction.org/articles/1095a.htm)

1982        Feb 14, Blas Cabrera, physicist at Stanford Univ., announced the recording of an event that may well have been the first detection of a magnetic monopole.
    (JST-TMC,1983, p.185)

1982        Feb 15, The Ocean Ranger oil-drilling platform sank off the coast of Newfoundland during a fierce storm and 84 men were killed.
    (AP, 2/15/98)(WSJ, 10/3/01, p.A20)

1982        Feb 16, In France Magdalena Kopp, lover of Carlos the Jackal, aka Ilich Ramirez Sanchez, was captured by French officials.
    (www.colin-smith.info/pages/books/extracts/carlos/extract_03.htm)(SFC,12/11/97, p.C2)

1982        Feb 17, Thelonious S. Monk (b.1917), US, jazz pianist, composer (Blue Monk), died. Monk, one of the early bebop musicians of the 1940s, stopped touring and recording in the early 70s, leaving such jazz standards as "Straight, No Chaser" and " ‘Round Midnight." In 2009 Robin D. G. Kelley authored “Thelonious Monk: The Life and Times of an American Original.”
    (HNQ, 2/28/01)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thelonious_Monk)(SFC, 11/26/09, p.F7)
1982        Feb 17, Zimbabwe’s Robert Mugabe dismissed Joshua Nkomo (1917-1999) for plotting a coup. A rebel insurrection that professed loyalty to Nkomo followed and was crushed. Nkomo fled the country.
    (www.keesings.com/search?kssp_a_id=31550n01zwe&kssp_selected_tab=article)

1982        Feb 18, Mexico devalued the peso by 30 percent to fight an economic slide.
    (HN, 2/18/98)
1982        Feb 18, Edith Ngaio Marsh (b.1895), New Zealand detective writer, producer, died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ngaio_Marsh)

1982        Feb 20, Carnegie Hall in New York began $20 million renovations.
    (HN, 2/20/98)

1982        Feb 21, "Ain't Misbehavin'" closed at Longacre Theater, NYC, after 1604 performances.
    (www.ibdb.com/production.asp?ID=4058)
1982        Feb 21, Murray Kaufman (b.1922), NYC DJ also known as Murray the K, died. During the early days of Beatlemania, he was frequently referred to as "the Fifth Beatle."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Murray_the_K)

1982        Feb 22, Alan C. Nelson (1933-1997) became US Commissioner of Immigration and Naturalization (INS) and served to 1989. In 1994 he co-authored California’s Proposition 187, an initiative to deny health and education benefits to illegal immigrants.
    (http://149.101.23.2/graphics/aboutus/history/commrs/nelson.html)(SFC, 2/1/97, p.A23)

1982        Feb 23, Michael Frayn's "Noises Off" premiered in London.
    (www.qsulis.demon.co.uk/Website_Louise_Gold/Noises_Off.htm)
1982        Feb 23, In SF nearly 3,500 people applied for the lottery for 162 apartments at Mei Lun Yuen, the newly completed, federally subsidized housing development in Chinatown.
    (SSFC, 2/18/07, DB p.58)
1982        Feb 23, Tucapel Jimenez, a Chilean labor leader, was found with his throat cut and face shot in his car. Gen. Humberto Gordon Rubio (d.2000), secret police chief, was implicated in the killing.
    (SFC, 6/17/00, p.A20)(www.ilo.org/ilolex/cgi-lex/single.pl?query=0319822171117)
1982        Feb 23, In a consultative referendum, Greenland, which became a member of the European Community as part of Denmark, opted for withdrawal from the Community.
    (http://europa.eu.int/abc/history/1982/index_en.htm)

1982        Feb 26, Gabor Szabo (b.1936), Hungarian jazz pianist (Perfect Circle), died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/G%C3%A1bor_Szab%C3%B3)

1982        Feb 27, Wayne B. Williams was found guilty of murdering two of the 28 young blacks whose bodies were found in the Atlanta area over a 22-month period.
    (AP, 2/27/99)

1982        Feb 28, The FALN, a Puerto Rican Nationalist Group, bombed Wall Street. 4 powerful bombs detonated in front of business institutions in New York's financial district.
    (http://judiciary.senate.gov/oldsite/91599drw.htm)

1982        Mar 1, In France Patrice Hyvert (23), an aspiring guide, went for a solo ascent on Mont Blanc and disappeared in a snowstorm. On July 3, 2014, climbers found his body.
    (AP, 7/10/14)
1982        Mar 1, Russian spacecraft Venera 13 landed on Venus and sent back data.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Venera_13)

1982        Mar 2, Philip K. Dick (53), science fiction writer, died. His work included dozens of novels and over 100 short stories. His novel "Valis" (Vast Active Living Intelligence System) was an autobiographical work. In 1989 Lawrence Sutin wrote the biography: "Divine Invasions: A Life of Philip K. Dick." The 1982 film Blade Runner was loosely based on his novel: "Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep." The 2003 film "Paycheck" was based on his 1953 same name novel. In 2004 Emmanuel Carrere authored “I Am Alive and You Are Dead: A Journey Into the Mind of Philip K. Dick.
    (WSJ, 4/27/99, p.A20)(SFC, 6/25/02, p.D1)(SFC, 12/27/03, p.D1)(Econ, 4/17/04, p.83)
1982        Mar 2, The French term "région" was officially created by the Law of Decentralization, when by the same act their legal status was conferred. The first direct regional elections for representatives took place on 16 March 1986. France is administratively divided into 26 regions (French: régions), of which 22 are on mainland France, and four are overseas.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Regions_of_France)
1982        Mar 2, In Peru over 50 Shining Path terrorists attack the prison of Ayacucho, releasing drug traffickers and 54 terrorists held there. The leader of the attack, Edith Lagos, was killed in the battle.
    (www.larouchepub.com/other/1995/2246_sendero.html)

1982        Mar 3, US Dist. Judge Harold Greene, who was immersed in an AT&T antitrust case, surprised broadcasters and Justice with an order declaring that limits on TV commercials violated antitrust laws.
    (http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m3169/is_33_40/ai_64160619)

1982        Mar 4, NASA launched Intelsat V.
    (www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/exploration/main/this_month_march.html)

1982        Mar 5, John Belushi  (33), comedian (Sat Night Live), was found dead of a drug overdose at the Chateau Marmont on Sunset Strip, a rented bungalow in Hollywood.
    (SFEC, 3/16/97, Z1 p.4)(AP, 3/5/98)(www.imdb.com/name/nm0000004/)
1982        Mar 5, Russian spacecraft Venera 14 landed on Venus and sent back data.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Venera_14)

1982        Mar 6, In East Cleveland, Ohio, Reginald Brooks (66) fatally shot his 3 sons while they slept shortly after his wife filed for divorce. Brooks was executed in Lucasville by lethal injection on Nov 15, 2011. He was oldest person put to death since Ohio resumed executions in 1999.
    (SFC, 11/16/11, p.A6)(http://tinyurl.com/7g4a4up)
1982        Mar 6, Ayn Rand (b.1905), author and founder of the Objectivist philosophy, died in NY. Her novels included "Atlas Shrugged" and "The Fountainhead." In 1987 Barbara Branden wrote the biography titled "The Passion of Ayn Rand." In 1999 Nathaniel Branden published "My Years With Ayn Rand," an account of his 18-year relationship with Rand. In 1999 the US Postal Service issued a 33 cent stamp in her honor. In 2009 Anne Heller authored “Ayn Rand and the World She Made,” and Jennifer Burns authored “Goddess of the Market: Ayn Rand and the American Right.”
    (http://tinyurl.com/2nl7hk)(http://tinyurl.com/3a34t9)(SFEC, 8/18/96, PM p. 2)(SFC, 10/25/98, p.D8)(Econ, 10/24/09, p.95)

1982        Mar 8, The U.S. accused the Soviets of killing 3,000 Afghans with poison gas.
    (HN, 3/8/98)

1982        Mar 9, The seizure of 3,906 pounds of cocaine, valued at over $100 million wholesale, from a Miami International Airport hangar permanently altered US law enforcement's approach towards the drug trade. They realize Colombian traffickers must be working together because no single trafficker could be behind a shipment this large.
    (www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/drugs/cron/)
1982        Mar 9, Charles J. Haughey was chosen as Premier of Ireland.
    (HN, 3/9/98)

1982        Mar 10, Pres Reagan proclaimed economic sanctions against Libya and banned Libyan oil imports, because of the continued support of terrorism.
    (HN, 3/10/98)(www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=38082)

1982        Mar 11, Protesting his innocence, Sen. Harrison A. Williams Jr., D-N.J., resigned after 23 years in the Senate, rather than face expulsion in the wake of his ABSCAM conviction.
    (AP, 3/11/02)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harrison_A._Williams)

1982        Mar 13, In Guatemala at the Massacre of Rio Negro 177 Achi Maya women and children were killed by Xococ patrolmen. On Nov 30, 1998, three Xococ pro-government fighters, Carlos Chen, Pedro Gonzalez and Fermin Lajuj, were sentenced to death for their war crimes in the massacre. In 2003 the PBS documentary "Discovering Dominga" told the story of a Mayan girl who survived the massacre and her struggle to discover what happened to her family. In 2008 5 former paramilitary members were sentenced to 780 years each in prison for massacring 26 people at Rio Negro.
    (SFC, 12/1/98, p.A11)(SFC, 1/18/99, p.A11)(SFC, 7/14/00, p.A11)(SFC, 7/4/03, p.E3)(AP, 5/30/08)

1982        Mar 14, In Guatemala in Cuarto Pueblo 309 villagers were killed over three days by government troops.
    (SFC, 12/9/96, p.A18)
1982        Mar 14, South African police bombed the London offices of the African National Congress. Gen'l. Johann Coetzee commander of apartheid police and 8 officers received amnesty in 1999. Col. Eugene de Kock testified in 1998 that he blew up a building belonging to the African National Congress in London and received a Star of Excellence medal approved by Pres. Botha.
    (SFC, 6/4/98, p.A12)(SFC, 10/16/99, p.A16)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1982_in_South_Africa)

1982        Mar 15, Actress Theresa Saldana (b.1954) was stalked and stabbed by Arthur Jackson. She had starred in Martin Scorsese’s 1980 film "Raging Bull." Jackson was convicted of 2nd degree attempted murder and served 12 years. He was then extradited to England for wounding 2 tellers and killing a man who tried to stop a bank robbery in the Chelsea section of London in 1966. In 1994 Ronald Markman and Ron Labrecque authored “Obsessed: The Stalking of Theresa Soldana.”
    (SFC, 6/22/96, p.E3)(http://tinyurl.com/2sz4cq)

1982        Mar 16, Claus Von Bulow was found guilty in Newport, R.I., of trying to kill his now-comatose wife, Martha, with insulin. Von Bulow was acquitted in a retrial.
    (AP, 3/16/02)

1982        Mar 20, U.S. scientists returned from Antarctica with the first land mammal fossils found there.
    (HN, 3/20/98)

1982        Mar 22, The US submarine Jacksonville collided with a Turkish freighter near Virginia.
    (http://navysite.de/ssn/ssn699.htm)

1982        Mar 23, Gen’l. Efrain Rios Montt seized power from Pres. Lucas Garcia. Under his 17-month rule the army burned Indian villages and killed thousands of suspected leftists. Montt established the Guatemalan Republican Front (FRG).
    (SFC, 7/31/98, p.D3)(SFC, 11/8/99, p.A10)(SFC, 6/14/01, p.A15)

1982        Mar 24, On the one-hundredth anniversary of a presentation on TB by Dr. Robert Koch, the International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (IUATLD) proposed that March 24 be proclaimed an official World TB Day. In 1996, the World Health Organization (WHO) joined with the IUATLD and a wide range of other concerned organizations to increase the impact of World TB Day.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_Tuberculosis_Day)
1982        Mar 24, In Bangladesh Hussein Mohammed Ershad overthrew Justice Abdus Sattar and seized power in a bloodless coup.
    (SFC,11/27/97, p.B5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Begum_Khaleda_Zia)
1982        Mar 24, In Mexico a fire burned down the National Film Archive.
    (www.ejumpcut.org/archive/onlinessays/JC29folder/MexFilmBook.html)

1982        Mar 25, The TV show “Cagney and Lacey” featured Sharon Gless and Tyne Daly as female police detectives. The show continued to 1988.
    (LSA, Spring, 2009, p.44)(www.imdb.com/title/tt0083395/)

1982        Mar 26, Paul McCartney and Stevie Wonder released "Ebony & Ivory" in the UK.
    (SS, 3/26/02)
1982        Mar 26, The American soap opera "Capitol" premiered and ran for 1270 episodes.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Capitol_(TV_series))
1982        Mar 26, Ground was broken in Washington D.C. for the Vietnam Veterans Memorial designed by Maya Lin of Yale. It was dedicated Nov 13.
    (NG, May 1985, p.554, 557)(AP, 3/26/97)(HN, 3/25/98)

1982        Mar 27, The musical "Best Little Whorehouse in Texas" closed at 46th St in NYC after 1577 performances.
    (www.imagi-nation.com/moonstruck/albm94.html)

1982        Mar 28, Voters in El Salvador went to the polls for a constituent assembly election that resulted in victory for the Christian Democrats, led by President Jose Napoleon Duarte.
    (AP, 3/28/97)

1982        Mar 29, In the 2nd annual Golden Raspberry Awards “Mommie Dearest” won as the worst picture.
    (http://razzies.com/asp/content/XcNewsPlus.asp?cmd=view&articleid=21)
1982        Mar 29, In the 54th Academy Awards "Chariots of Fire," won for best picture. Henry Fonda and Katherine Hepburn the best actor and best actress awards for their roles in "On Golden Pond." Warren Beatty won best director for "Reds."
    (http://tinyurl.com/2jsexb)(SFC, 12/14/99, p.D7)
1982        Mar 29, In New Orleans, Michael Jordan’s 16-foot jump shot with 15 seconds remaining gave North Carolina a thrilling 63-62 victory over Georgetown and the NCAA basketball championship before 61,612 at the Superdome tonight. Six players in that game: Floyd, Ewing, Anthony Jones, Michael Jordan, James Worty and Sam Perkins, became NBA first-round draft choices.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1982_NCAA_Men's_Division_I_Basketball_Tournament)
1982        Mar 29, The Paris-Toulouse express train was bombed. 5 people were killed and 15 injured. The attack was attributed to Carlos the Jackal, aka Ilich Ramirez Sanchez.
    (SFC,12/11/97, p.C2)(www.alertnet.org/thenews/newsdesk/L27801114.htm)
1982        Mar 29, Carl Orff (86), German composer (Carmina Burana), died.
    (MC, 3/29/02)

1982        Mar 31, In California an avalanche at the Alpine Meadows ski resort killed 7 people. In 2009 Jennifer Woodlief authored “A Wall of White: The True Story of Heroism and Survival in the Face of a Deadly Avalanche.”
    (http://tinyurl.com/7gjkf)(SFC, 2/27/09, p.F4)
1982        Mar 31, In South Africa Nelson Mandela and 3 others were transferred from Robben Island to Pollsmoor Prison on the mainland. Mandela had spent 18 years on Robben Island.
    (www.sabcnews.com/features/walter_sisulu/timeline.html)

1982        Mar, In Mexico the El Chichon volcano began erupting.
    (http://volcano.und.edu/vwdocs/volc_images/north_america/mexico/elch2.html)

1982        Apr 1, The U.S. transferred the Canal Zone to Panama.
    (HN, 4/1/98)

1982        Apr 2,    Several thousand troops from Argentina seized the disputed Falkland Islands, located in the south Atlantic, from Britain but Lady Thatcher had Britain take them back the following June. Britain fought with Argentina in the Falkland Islands War, also known as the Falklands War, the Malvinas War and the South Atlantic War. The short, undeclared war between the two nations was fought over claims to the Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) and neighboring islands. Argentina had laid claims to the territories since the 19th century, but spurred by a related dispute on South Georgia island and political expediency, the military government of Argentina invaded the Falkland Islands. A British naval task force was assembled and headed towards the war zone by late April. British forces established a beachhead on the Falklands in late May. With the surrender of the Argentine garrison at Stanley on June 14, the conflict was essentially over.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1982)(WSJ, 12/12/95, p.A-15)(AP, 4/2/99)(HNQ, 1/10/01)

1982        Apr 3, Britain dispatched a naval task force to the south Atlantic to reclaim the disputed Falkland Islands from Argentina. The UN Security Council demanded Argentina withdraw from Falkland Islands.
    (AP, 4/3/02)

1982        Apr 5, Abe Fortas (b.1910), former Supreme court justice (1965-1969), died. He had resigned on May 14, 1969, under pressure for the acceptance of an allegedly illegal payment from a former business associate.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abe_Fortas)
1982        Apr 5, Lord Carrington (b.1919) resigned as Britain’s foreign secretary.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_Carington,_6th_Baron_Carrington)

1982        Apr 7, In the SF Bay Area an AC Transit bus clipped a stalled car and then struck a double-tanker truck that jack-knifed and erupted in the Caldecott Tunnel. The resulting fireball left 7 people dead.
    (SFC, 11/2/13, p.D1)
1982        Apr 7, Sadegh Ghotbzadeh (b.1936), Iran’s minister of foreign affairs, was arrested. He was convicted of plotting against the government and executed on Sep 15.
    (www.cedmagic.com/home/ced-digest/ced-digest-vol-07/ced-digest0714.html)

1982        Apr 9, Robert H.G. Havemann (b.1910), East German chemist and dissident, died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Havemann)

1982        Apr 11, Ronald Allen (32), a member of Your Black Muslim Bakery in Oakland, Ca., was found shot to death on Easter morning near the Berkeley dump. A day earlier the father of 5 had gone out for a meal with his bakery brethren.
    (SFC, 12/24/07, p.A1)
1982        Apr 11, In Israel Alan Goodman opened fire on Palestinians praying at the Temple Mount, the site of Islam’s third-holiest shrine. He killed 2 and was sentenced to life in prison. He was released to the US in 1997 after agreeing to spend the next 8 years in the US.
    (SFC,10/27/97, p.A9)

1982        Apr 12, In Manhattan 3 CBS employees were shot to death on a rooftop parking lot. Donald Nash (47) was charged with using a .22 caliber handgun kill Margaret Barbera, who was cooperating with a Federal investigation into a $6 million fraud, and Leo Kuranuki, Robert Schulze and Edward Benford, three CBS technicians who the police believe were coming to her aid. Mr. Nash was convicted in 1983 and sentenced to four consecutive 25-year terms in prison.
    (http://tinyurl.com/2jvq2q)

1982        Apr 17, Canada adopted a new Constitution to replace the 1867 British North America Act. It enshrined special rights for indigenous peoples. Pierre Trudeau added a Charter of Rights and Freedoms to Canada’s constitution. Quebec did not sign the 1982 Constitution.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constitution_of_Canada)(WSJ, 10/3/00, p.A26)   

1982        Apr 19, Astronauts Sally K. Ride and Guion S. Bluford Jr. became the first woman and first African-American to be tapped by NASA for U.S. space missions.
    (AP, 4/19/97)(HN, 4/19/97)

1982        Apr 22, Robert Maurice Bloom (18) killed his father, stepmother and stepsister in a savage murder spree in southern California. He was convicted and sentenced to death until appellate attorneys uncovered documents that he was mentally ill and likely did not understand the consequences of his actions. Bloom was ordered released in 1997 pending a new trial.
    (SFC,12/25/97, p.A22)(http://tinyurl.com/34nse2)
1982        Apr 22, Melville Bell Grosvenor (b.1901), president of the Natl. Geographic Society, died.
    (http://161.253.158.31/gwencyclopedia/index.php/Bell-Grosvenor_Families)
1982        Apr 22, A bombing in Paris killed a pregnant woman and injured 63 people. The attack was attributed to Carlos the Jackal, aka Ilich Ramirez Sanchez.
    (SFC,12/11/97, p.C2)(http://lists.jammed.com/IWAR/1997/12/0117.html)

1982        Apr 23, The Unabomber mailed a pipe bomb from Provo, Utah, to Penn state Univ. It was forwarded to Vanderbilt Univ. scientist Patrick C. Fisher. It was later attributed to the Unabomber Theodore Kaczynski  [see May 5].
    (WP, 6/29/96, p.A3)(SFEC,11/9/97, Z1 p.4)
1982        Apr 23, Key West, Fla., under Mayor Dennis Wardlow declared that it was seceding from the US and would rename itself the Conch Republic. The move was in response to a state roadblock and inspection on all cars heading out of the Florida Keys. In 1997 Gregory King authored “The Conch That Roared.”
    (WSJ, 1/19/05, p.B1)

1982        Apr 25, In accordance with Camp David agreements, Israel completed the Sinai withdrawal. Ariel Sharon, as defense minister, directed the dismantling of Israeli settlements in the Sinai Peninsula. Nearly 5,000 residents and many more sympathizers were dragged off roofs and bundled onto buses.
    (HN, 4/25/98)(AP, 2/21/04)
1982        Apr 25, E. Bowell discovered asteroids #2688: Halley, #3275: Oberndorfer & #3692.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_asteroids/2601%E2%80%932700)
1982        Apr 25, Don Wilson (b.1900), TV announcer (Jack Benny Show), died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Don_Wilson_(announcer))

1982        Apr 26, Popular music of the day included: "I Love Rock ‘n’ Roll" Joan Jett and the Blackhearts; "We Got the Beat" by the Go-Go’s" "Chariots of Fire" by Vangelis; and "Crying My Heart Out over You" by Ricky Scaggs.
    (440 Int’l. Internet, 4/26/97, p.1)
1982        Apr 26, Rod Stewart was mugged. A gunman stole his $50,000 Porsche.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1982_in_music)

1982        Apr 27, The trial of John W. Hinckley Jr., who had shot four people, including President Reagan, began in Washington. The trial ended with Hinckley's acquittal by reason of insanity.
    (AP, 4/27/97)

1982        Apr 29, The Dance Committee of the International Theatre Institute, UNESCO, created International Dance Day to be celebrated every year on the 29th of April. The aim of International Dance Day is to celebrate dance as an art form and to bring people together in peace and friendship through the shared language of dance. The date was chosen in commemoration of the death of the greatly influential dancer, choreographer and innovator Jean-Georges Noverre (1727-1810).
    (http://www.pch.gc.ca/arts/dance/danse_e.htm)    
1982        Apr 29, Alfredo Magana was elected president of El Salvador.
    (www.cedmagic.com/museum/press/ced-timeline-1982.html)

1982        Apr, In southern Italy the Grotta delle Formelle chapel in Caserta, was looted. In 2009 two precious Byzantine-era frescos were recovered as part of investigations into Marion True, a former curator of the J. Paul Getty Museum in Los Angeles. The frescos, which date from the 11th to the 13th centuries and depict saints, were found in the home of Greek shipping heiress Despoina Papadimitriou.
    (AP, 5/20/09)

1982        May 1, The 1982 World's Fair opened in Knoxville, Tenn.
    (SFC, 6/9/97, p.A3)(AP, 5/1/07)
1982        May 1, Richard LaMotta (1942-2010) dispatched 60 street-cart vendors to the streets of Manhattan to begin selling his 4½-ounce Chipwich cookies, which included 3½ ounces of ice cream. Within weeks he was selling 40,000 a day at $1 each. He sold the company to Coolbrands Int’l., a Canadian distributor in 2002.
    (SSFC, 5/16/10, p.C9)

1982        May 2, A project to produce oil from shale rock in Colorado's Roan Plateau collapsed due to technical hurdles and falling oil prices. Exxon Mobil laid off 2,200 workers and cancelled its $5 billion Colony Oil Shale project near Parachute.
    (USAT, 3/5/04, p.6A)(Econ, 8/20/05, p.27)(SFC, 9/4/06, p.A8)
1982        May 2, In the Falklands War the Argentine cruiser General Belgrano was sunk by the British submarine Conqueror, killing more than 350 men. Some 600 Argentine sailors were killed when the Belgrano was sunk. Lord Terence Thornton Lewin (d.1999 at 78), British military commander, was regarded as the one who persuaded Margaret Thatcher to order the sinking.
    (SFC, 1/25/99, p.A20)(http://tinyurl.com/gbplz)

1982        May 3, Sinbad the Sailor, the star horse of Ronald Reagan’s “Death Valley Days” TV series, died when he was struck by lightning at Kanab, Utah.
    (SSFC, 5/3/09, p.C12)

1982        May 4, The British destroyer HMS Sheffield was hit by Exocet rocket off the Falkland Islands. 20 men died and a further 24 were injured in the sinking of the Sheffield, the first British warship to be lost in 37 years.
    (http://tinyurl.com/htt3d)

1982        May 5, Janet Smith, a secretary, was injured when a bomb package was opened at Vanderbilt Univ.
    (WP, 6/29/96, p.A3)(SFEC,11/9/97, Z1p.4)

1982        May 10, Peter Weiss (b.1916), German playwright (Marat-Sade), died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_Weiss)

1982        May 11, In Massachusetts Michael Donohue (b.1906) and FBI informant Brian Halloran were shot to death in a hit allegedly planned and carried out by gang boss James Bulger.
    (http://tinyurl.com/lfzujv2)(Econ, 7/20/13, p.28)

1982        May 12, Braniff Airlines, based in Dallas, ceased operations. N601BN "747 Braniff Place" made the very last Braniff flight from Hawaii to Dallas/Fort Worth on May 13. Harding Lawrence (d.2002 at 81) led the company from 1965-1980.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Braniff_Airways)(SFC, 1/21/02, p.B5)
1982        May 12, In Fatima, Portugal, security guards overpowered a Spanish ex-priest armed with a bayonet who was trying to reach Pope John Paul II.
    (AP, 10/12/97)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_John_Paul_II)

1982        May 13,  Soyuz T-5 was launched at Baikonur. Berezovoi & Lebedev spent the next 211 days in space.
    (http://space.kursknet.ru/cosmos/english/machines/st5.sht)

1982        May 16, In the Dominican Republic the Revolutionary Party, under the leadership of Jose Pena Gomez (1937-1998), won the presidential elections. The PRD's presidential candidate, Salvador Jorge Blanco, won, and the PRD gained a majority in both houses of Congress. Jose Pena Gomez served as the mayor of Santo Domingo from 1982-1986.
    (http://tinyurl.com/32jvel)(www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/35639.htm)

1982        May 18, The Rev. Sun Myung Moon (1920-2012), South Korean founder of the Unification Church, was convicted of tax evasion. Moon had moved to America in 1971. He claimed to be the second coming of Jesus Christ and that his purpose was "to unite Christianity and bring families back to God." "Moonies in America" [by Shupe et al] is a book critical of the Unification Church. Moon served 13 months in prison.
    (SFC, 10/31/96, p.A1,8)(AP, 5/18/07)(Economist, 9/8/12, p.90)

1982        May 19, Sophia Loren (b.1934) began serving 18 days in an Italian prison for failing to pay her taxes.
    (www.answers.com/topic/sophia-loren?cat=entertainment)

1982        May 21, During the Falklands War, British amphibious forces landed on the beach at San Carlos Bay.
    (AP, 5/21/07)

1982        May 23, The British HMS Antelope was attacked. It sank the next day after an unexploded bomb detonates. Ten Argentine aircraft were destroyed.
    (www.yendor.com/vanished/falklands-war.html)

1982        May 24- 1982 May 25, Iranian troops reconquered Khorramshahr.
    (www.iran-daily.com/1384/2279/html/art.htm)

1982        May 25, Larry J. Blake (b.1914), character actor (Earth vs. the Flying Saucers), died.
    (www.imdb.com/name/nm0086627/)

1982        May 28, Pope John Paul II became the 1st Pontiff to visit Britain.
    (www.popejohnpaulii.org.uk/)

1982        May 29, Romy Schneider (b.1938), Austrian-born actress, died in Paris of cardiac arrest. Her many films included “The Cardinal” (1963).
    (www.imdb.com/name/nm0002769/)

1982          May 30, Spain became NATO's 16th member, the first country to enter the Western alliance since West Germany in 1955.
    (AP, 5/30/97)(http://europa.eu.int/abc/history/1982/index_en.htm)

1982        May, Drysdale Government Securities, officially started in February 1982, defaulted on $160 million it owed to Chase Manhattan and ultimately cost the bank $270 million.
    (WSJ, 9/24/98, p.A16)(http://tinyurl.com/2pwj48)
1982        May, Dr. Robert Gallo and Max Essex first proposed that AIDS was probably caused by a new human retrovirus and suggested that it was in the HTLV family. Isolates from AIDS patients in 1983 were first named HTLV-3 and later HIV.
    (Econ, 11/29/08, p.18)

1982        Jun 1, The Rolling Stones released their "Still Life" album.
    (www.amazon.com/Still-Life-Rolling-Stones/dp/B0000084AS)
1982        Jun 1, The Berne Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats came into effect.
    (Econ, 9/14/13, SR p.9)(http://tinyurl.com/pyrhy5c)

1982        Jun 3, Israel's ambassador to Britain, Shlomo Argov (1929-2003), was shot and critically wounded outside a London hotel. Israel's invasion of Lebanon followed the assassination attempt. The attack was blamed on Abu Nidal’s Palestinian Fatah group.
    (WSJ, 8/20/02, p.A18)(NYT, 10/8/04, p.A12)(AP, 6/3/07)

1982        Jun 4, A 4-day storm began in New England. It deluged Connecticut with 14 inches of rain, breaking 23 dams and destroying two. Damages were estimated at close to $276 million.
    (SFC, 6/4/09, p.D10)
1982        Jun 4, Israel attacked targets in south Lebanon one day after the attempted assassination of the Israeli ambassador in London.
    (www.adl.org/israel/advocacy/glossary/lebanon_war.asp)

1982        Jun 6, Israeli Defense Minister Ariel Sharon ordered his forces to invade southern Lebanon to drive Palestine Liberation Organization fighters out of the country. Israeli Gen. Rafael Eitan (d.2004) had convinced defense minister Ariel Sharon to invade southern Lebanon to clean out the PLO bases there. A 70-day siege by 30,000 Israeli troops left up to 14,000 Lebanese and Palestinian civilians dead. Islamic radicals, including Naim Qassem, formed Hezbollah (Hizbullah) in response to Israel’s attack. The Israelis withdrew in June 1985. Hezbollah was formed with Iranian help as a radical offshoot of Amal, a Shiite Muslim movement. In 2005 Naim Qassem authored “Hizbullah: The Story from Within.”
    (WSJ, 11/17/95, p.A-10)(SFC, 4/17/96, p.A-10)(AP, 6/6/97)(SFC, 6/15/98, p.A10)(SFC, 5/24/00, p.A15)(Econ, 12/4/04, p.88)(Econ, 4/23/05, p.79)

1982        Jun 7, Pres. Reagan met with Pope John Paul II at the Vatican and later with Queen Elizabeth in England.
    (www.state.gov/r/pa/ho/trvl/pres/12800.htm)
1982        Jun 7, Hissene Habre (b.1942) deposed PM Goukouni Oueddei and became dictator of Chad until 1990. Under Habre the secret police allegedly killed tens of thousands of people and tortured as many as 200,000. Habre received US support because he opposed Libyan leader Moammar Khadafy. Habre was deposed on Dec 1, 1990, by Idriss Deby and fled to Senegal with $11 million.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hiss%C3%A8ne_Habr%C3%A9)(WSJ, 5/31/00, p.A26)

1982        Jun 8, President Reagan became the first American chief executive to address a joint session of the British Parliament.
    (AP, 6/8/97)
1982        Jun 8, Leroy Satchel Paige (b.1906), US baseball pitcher, died.
    (www.nlbpa.com/8june1982.html)
1982        Jun 8, In Brazil a Vasp 747 crashed in the northeastern city of Fortaleza, killing 137 people.
    (AP, 9/30/06)(www.airdisaster.com/photos/1980.shtml)

1982        Jun 9, Israel wiped out Syrian SAM missiles in Bekaa Valley.
    (www.adl.org/ISRAEL/Record/lebanon.asp)

1982        Jun 10, The play "Torch Song Trilogy," by Harvey Fierstein, opened on Broadway.
    (AP, 6/10/08)
1982        Jun 10, The Jos. Schlitz Brewing Company and the Old Milwaukee brand was acquired by Stroh Brewing Company of Detroit. The Old Milwaukee brand was first brewered by the Joseph Schlitz Brewing Company.
    (http://tinyurl.com/rvxp4)
1982        Jun 10, Rainer Werner Fassbinder (b.1945), German film director, died.
    (WSJ, 1/14/97, p.A16)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rainer_Werner_Fassbinder)

1982        Jun 11, Movie "E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial" was released in the US and became the highest grossing film to date.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/E.T._the_Extra-Terrestrial)
1982        Jun 11, In Michigan Eve August (24), a law intern, was fatally shot at a law office in Detroit’s Buhl Building. Robert Harrington, a disgruntled insurance salesman, demanded a check he hadn't received. When he didn't like the reply, he started shooting in a 90-minute rampage that left August dead and dozens injured from gunfire or the fire that followed.
    (SFC, 10/30/13, p.A9)(www.legalnews.com/detroit/1350541)
1982        Jun 11, Mauritius became the 1st African country to vote an opposition party into office. Anerood Jugnauth (b.1930) became prime minister.
    (www.eisa.org.za/WEP/mau1982results.htm)(SFC, 6/24/96, p.A8)(Econ, 9/27/03, p.46)

1982        Jun 12, Some one million anti-nuclear demonstrators rallied in Central Park, NYC.
    (www.thenation.com/doc/20070702/schell)

1982        Jun 13, King Khalid of Saudi Arabia died at the age of 69; he was succeeded by a half brother, Crown Prince Fahd.
    (AP, 6/13/02)

1982        Jun 14, Argentine forces surrendered to British troops on the disputed Falkland Islands. 970 people were killed including 255 British soldiers. Argentine dictator Leopaldo Galtieri led the initial attack in the 72-day war. The dead in the ten-week war included 712 Argentines, 255 Britons and 3 islanders. In 2003 it was revealed that some British ships carried nuclear depth charges. In 2005 Lawrence Freedman authored “The Official History of the Falklands Campaign, Volumes I and II.
    (AP, 6/14/97)(SFC, 4/3/02, p.A7)(WSJ, 12/8/03, p.A1)(Econ, 7/16/05, p.81)

1982        Jun 17, Pres. Reagan addressed the UN General Assembly in NYC.
    (www.reagan.utexas.edu/archives/speeches/1982/61782a.htm)
1982        Jun 17, Pres. Galtieri resigned after leading Argentina to defeat in Falkland Islands War.
    (www.alertnet.org/thenews/newsdesk/B189501.htm)

1982        Jun 18, John Cheever (b.1912), American Pulitzer Prize winning writer, died. His work included "the Wapshot Chronicle" and "the World of Apples." In 2009 Blake Bailey authored “Cheever: A Life.”
    (BS, 5/3/98, p.13E)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Cheever)(WSJ, 3/7/09, p.W8)
1982        Jun 18, The body of Roberto Calvi (1920–1982), an Italian banker, was found hanging from scaffolding beneath Blackfriars Bridge in the financial district of London. Calvi, director of Banco Ambrosiano, allegedly hanged himself following the fraudulent bankruptcy of the bank. Calvi's clothing was stuffed with building bricks, and he was carrying around $15,000 of cash in three different currencies. Calvi, dubbed by the press as "God's Banker" due to his close association with the Vatican, had gone missing on June 10. In 1992 Carlo De Benedetti, the chairman of Olivetti SpA, was convicted for contributing to the bankruptcy of Banco Ambrosiano. In 1996 courts upheld his conviction and that of 30 others. In 2003 RAI state television said prosecutors believed the Mafia killed Roberto Calvi because he lost their money and knew too much about their operations. In 2005 a trial began for 5 people in the murder of Calvi. In 2007 a jury acquitted all 5 defendants charged with the murder of Calvi.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roberto_Calvi)(WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A10)(AP, 7/24/03)(AP, 10/6/05)(AP, 6/6/07)

1982        Jun 19, Asia's first album topped the album charts.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Number-one_albums_of_1982_(U.S.))
1982        Jun 19, In a case that galvanized Asian-Americans, Vincent Chin (27), a Chinese-American engineering student, was beaten to death outside a nightclub in Highland Park, Mich., by autoworker Ronald Ebens. Two unemployed auto workers mistook Chin for being Japanese. Each one was sentenced to 3 years probation.
    (AP, 6/19/97)(SFEC, 2/6/00, Rp.10)

1982        Jun 21, A jury in Washington, D.C., found John Hinckley Jr. innocent by reason of insanity in the shootings of President Reagan and three other men. In 2003 a federal judge granted Hinckley (48) unsupervised day trips.
    (AP, 6/21/97)(HN, 6/21/98)(SFC, 12/18/03, p.A4)
1982        Jun 21, Prince William, eldest son of Prince Charles and Princess Diana, was born.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prince_William_of_Wales)

1982        Jun 24, Pres. Reagan dismissed Gen. Alexander Haig (1924-2010) from his position as Sec. of State.
    (SSFC, 2/21/10, p.A9)
1982        Jun 24, The US Supreme Court ruled that the president cannot be sued for actions while in office.
    (http://supreme.justia.com/us/457/731/)

1982        Jun 27, The Broadway show "Dancin'" closed at the Ambassador Theater after 1,774 performances.
    (www.ibdb.com/production.asp?ID=4051)
1982        Jun 27, The 4th Space Shuttle, Mission-Columbia 4, was launched.
    (http://science.ksc.nasa.gov/shuttle/missions/sts-4/mission-sts-4.html)
1982        Jun 27, Jack Mullaney (b.1929), actor (My Living Doll, It's About Time), died.
    (www.imdb.com/name/nm0611955/)

1982        Jun 30, Federal Equal Rights Amendment failed with 3 states short of ratification.
    (www.now.org/issues/economic/cea/history.html)

1982        Jun, "Farewell," a C.I.A. campaign of computer sabotage, stayed secret because the blast, estimated at three kilotons, took place in the Siberian wilderness, with no casualties known. "The pipeline software that was to run the pumps, turbines and valves was programmed to go haywire," writes Reed, "to reset pump speeds and valve settings to produce pressures far beyond those acceptable to the pipeline joints and welds. The result was the most monumental non-nuclear explosion and fire ever seen from space." "At the Abyss," by Thomas C. Reed, was published by Random House in 2004.
    (http://www.nytimes.com/2004/02/02/opinion/02SAFI.html)
1982        Jun, In California Prop. 8 passed with a 56% majority vote. It allowed prosecutors to introduce evidence from police searches that violated state law.
    (SFC, 10/2/14, p.D2)
1982        Jun, In Guatemala the village of Chacalte was attacked by guerrillas and an estimated 120 people were killed. The attack was for apparent collaboration by the village with the military’s armed civil patrols.
    (SFC, 9/3/97, p.C3)
1982        Jun, The Lebanese poet Khalil Hawi committed suicide. His most celebrated poem was titled "The Bridge." It offered a hopeful vision for the Arab people, but the author was later embarrassed by the poem’s optimism.
    {Lebanon, Poet, Suicide}
    (WSJ, 2/20/98, p.A16)(http://tinyurl.com/2sugvf)

1982        Jul 1, In NYC Sun Myung Moon wed 2,075 Unification Church couples at Madison Square Garden.
    (http://hoopedia.nba.com/index.php/Madison_Square_Garden)
1982        Jul 1, Cal Ripken (b.1960), drafted as a pitcher in 1981, began playing his shortstop position for the Baltimore Orioles. By Sep 20, 1998 he had played a record 2,632 consecutive games.
    (http://tinyurl.com/2um6o6)(SFC, 9/21/98, p.A1)
1982        Jul 1, General Reynaldo Bignone (b.1928) was sworn in as president of Argentina following the Falklands War.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reynaldo_Bignone)(SFC, 1/21/99, p.A14)

1982        Jul 2, Larry Walters (1949-1993), a Los Angeles truck driver, flew 16,000 feet into the air with 42 helium balloons attached to a lawn chair. Walters surprised an airline pilot, who radioed the control tower that he had just passed a guy in a lawn chair with a gun. The weapon was to shoot balloons and descend. Walters paid a $1,500 penalty for violating air traffic rules. Eleven years later, he committed suicide at age 44.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Larry_Walters)(SFC, 7/3/02, p.A17)(AP, 7/10/07)
1982          Jul 2, A bomb exploded in the hands of Prof. Diogenes Angelakos (d.1997 at 77) in Berkeley. It was later attributed to the Unabomber Theodore Kaczynski.
    (SFEC,11/9/97, Z1 p.4)
1982        Jul 2, DeFord Bailey (b.1899), harmonica wizard and star of the Grand Ole Opry, died. He was the first black musician to join the Opry’s regular cast.
    (AH, 10/07, p.74)(www.pbs.org/deford/timeline/index.html)
1982        Jul 2, Soyuz T-6 returned to Earth.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soyuz_T-6)

1982        Jul 3, Mumia Abu-Jamal (b.1954), radio reporter and former Black Panther, was convicted for the 1981 murder of police officer Daniel Faulkner in Pittsburgh. Jamal supporters said he was framed. Prosecutors said Jamal shot Faulkner after seeing the officer struggling with Jamal’s brother, William Cook, who had been stopped for a traffic violation. In 1996 Jamal was still on death row. In 1999 Gov. Tom Ridge signed a 2nd death warrant for lethal injection on Dec 2. In December, 2001, a federal judge affirmed his murder conviction but ordered that Abu-Jamal should either receive a new sentencing hearing or have his sentence commuted to life in prison because of an error by the trial judge in presenting rules of sentencing to the jury (see March 27, 2008).
    (SFC, 10/14/99, p.A3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trial_of_Mumia_Abu-Jamal)

1982        Jul 4, The space shuttle Columbia 4 concluded its fourth and final test flight with a landing at Edwards AFB.
    (http://science.ksc.nasa.gov/shuttle/missions/sts-4/mission-sts-4.html)(AP, 7/4/02)
1982        Jul 4, Antonio Guzman (b.1911), president of the Dominican Rep., committed suicide by a gunshot wound to his head while still in office. Vice president Jacobo Majluta Azar served out the remainder of the term.
    (http://tinyurl.com/2qsrx7)(http://history.sandiego.edu/gen/20th/dominican.html)
1982        Jul 4, Four Iranians, charge d'affaires Mohsen Musavi, diplomat Ahmad Motovasselian, photographer Kazem Akhavan and driver Mohammad Taqi Rastgar Moghaddam, were seized at a Lebanese Forces checkpoint north of Beirut. In 2006 Samir Geagea, former head of the disbanded Lebanese Forces, said that they were killed by Christian militiamen.
    (AP, 5/19/06)
1982        Jul 4, Miguel de la Madrid Hurtado (b.1934) was elected president of Mexico. Madrid was chosen by Pres. Portillo as his successor. De la Madrid took office in a year when inflation had surpassed 100 percent and Mexico had a foreign debt of $87 billion, much of it short-term.
    (SFC, 11/28/98, p.C2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Miguel_de_la_Madrid)(AP, 3/9/04)
1982        Jul 4, USSR performed nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR.
    (www.iss.niiit.ru/ksenia/catal_nt/3_9.htm)

1982        Jul 5, Penn Square Bank of Oklahoma went bankrupt as wildcat oil well loans went bad. More than $2 billion in oil and gas participations were held by five major US banks: Continental Illinois National Bank and Trust Company, Chicago, Illinois held $1 billion in those participations. Most of the remaining participations were held by Chase Manhattan Bank, New York, New York; Michigan National Bank, Lansing, Michigan; Seattle First National Bank, Seattle, Washington; and Northern Trust Company, Chicago, Illinois.
    (WSJ, 1/14/07, p.A4)(www.fdic.gov/bank/historical/managing/Chron/1982/index.html)

1982        Jul 6, President Ronald Reagan agreed to contribute U.S. troops to the peacekeeping unit in Beirut.
    (HN, 7/6/98)
1982        Jul 6, Crossan Hoover (17) beat and killed Richard Baldwin (36), the owner of a car restoration shop in San Rafael, Ca. Hoover and 2 accomplices robbed Baldwin’s home and dumped his body into the SF Bay. Mark Richards (29), a contractor who employed Hoover and another youth, was one of the three involved in the murder plot and had told his employees that he planned to take control of Marin County in a paramilitary coup that came to be called Pendragon. Richards was convicted of murder and sentenced to life without parole. Hoover was sentenced 26 years to life. In 2007 Hoover’s murder verdict was overturned and a new trial was scheduled. In 2008 a federal appeals court reinstated Hoover’s murder conviction.
    (http://tarlton.law.utexas.edu/lpop/etext/lsf/29-2/murderincamelot.html)(SFC, 9/14/07, p.B6)(SFC, 1/7/09, p.B3)

1982        Jul 8, In Dujail, Iraq, 17 Islamic militants, furious over the execution of a Shiite leader, opened fire on a presidential convoy and killed several people, but Saddam Hussein escaped. In retaliation 247,000 acres of orchards and palm groves, the town's primary source of income, were destroyed in retribution. 386 people were locked up until 1986. Some 900 people were taken away and about 380 were killed. 148 residents of Dujail were sentenced to death.
    (AP, 5/28/03)(SFC, 3/8/05, p.A10)(Econ, 11/11/06, p.52)

1982        Jul 9, A Pan Am Boeing 727 crashed in Kenner, La., killing all 145 people aboard and eight people on the ground.
    (AP, 7/9/07)
1982        Jul 9, Michael Fagan (b.1951) broke into the Buckingham Palace bedroom of Queen Elizabeth II. Fagan was initially charged with the theft of some wine from the palace but the charges were dropped.
    (AFP, 2/24/12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_Fagan_incident)

1982        Jul 10, Pope John Paul II named Archbishop Joseph L. Bernardin of Cincinnati to succeed the late Cardinal John Cody as head of the Archdiocese of Chicago.
    (AP, 7/10/02)
1982        Jul 10, Maria Jeritza [Jedlicka] (b.1887), Moravia-born-US, singer (Metropolitan Opera), died in New Jersey.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maria_Jeritza)
1982        Jul 10, In Germany Kalinka Bamberski (14) was found dead in her bed in the home of Dr. Dieter Krombach. The girl and her mother had moved in with Krombach after her parents' separation. The girl's father, Andre Bamberski, believed that Krombach gave his daughter a dangerous injection to make her lose consciousness so he could rape her, leading to her death. France convicted Krombach in absentia in 1995 of "intentional violence that led to unintentional death" and sentenced him to 15 years in prison. In 1997 Krombach was convicted in a German court to a two-year suspended sentence and suspended from medical practice after pleading guilty to drugging and raping a 16-year-old girl in his office. In 2009 Krombach (74) was kidnapped from his German town, tied up, and appeared near the courthouse in the eastern French city of Mulhouse. Andre Bamberski later acknowledged involvement, and was hit with preliminary charges of kidnapping. In 2011 Krombach was sentenced to 15 years in prison for "intentional violence that led to unintentional death." On Dec 20, 2012, a French court upheld the conviction against Krombach. Kidnapping charges were still pending against Bamberski,
    (http://tinyurl.com/4agzq8a)(AP, 3/29/11)(AP, 12/20/12)

1982        Jul 11, The Italian soccer team won its first World Cup in 44 years.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1982_FIFA_World_Cup)

1982        Jul 14, The US made assurances to Taiwan regarding arms sales.
    (www.heritage.org/Research/AsiaandthePacific/hl808.cfm)
1982        Jul 14, Virginia Hall (b.1906), a Baltimore native who had worked in France for British intelligence during WW II, died. In 1942 the Gestapo circulated posters offering a reward for the capture of "the woman with a limp. She is the most dangerous of all Allied spies and we must find and destroy her." Hall’s left leg had been amputated below the knee about a decade earlier after she stumbled and blasted her foot with a shotgun while hunting in Turkey.
    (AP, 12/11/06)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Virginia_Hall)
1982        Jul 14, Iran launched a "Ramadan-offensive" in Iraq.
    (http://tinyurl.com/3xp9jz)

1982        Jul 16, George Shultz (b.1920) was sworn in as the US Sec. of State under Ronald Reagan. He served until Jan 20, 1989.
    (SFEM,11/2/97, p.8)(www.state.gov/secretary/former/40807.htm)
1982        Jul 16, In NYC the Rev. Sun Myung Moon, Korean founder of the Unification Church, was sentenced to 18 months for tax fraud.
    (www.cedmagic.com/home/ced-digest/ced-digest-vol-07/ced-digest0728.html)

1982        Jul 18, In Guatemala soldiers and paramilitary troops massacred 267 people in the remote hamlet of Plan de Sanchez. In 2001 local communities filed genocide charges against  congressional head Efrain Rios Montt, who was the dictator at the time of the massacre. In 2005 Guatemala apologized for the government-directed massacre of 226 people in Plan de Sanchez.
    (SFC, 6/6/01, p.C3)(SFC, 6/14/01, p.A15)(AP, 7/19/05)

1982        Jul 20, Irish Republican Army bombs exploded in two London parks, killing 11 British soldiers, along with seven horses belonging to the Queen’s Household Cavalry. On May 22, 2013, British police charged John Downey (61) from County Donegal in Ireland, over one of the bombings that killed four soldiers and 7 horses in Hyde Park.
    (AP, 7/20/00)(AP, 5/22/13)

1982        Jul 21, Dave Garroway (b.1913), former TV host of the "Today Show" (1952-1961, committed suicide.
    (SFC, 1/11/02, p.D19)( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dave_Garroway)

1982        Jul 23, The Intl. Whaling Commission (IWC) voted for a total ban on commercial whaling starting in 1985.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Whaling)
1982        Jul 23, Actor Vic Morrow and two child actors were killed when a helicopter crashed on top of them during filming of a Vietnam War scene for "Twilight Zone: The Movie." Director John Landis and four associates were later acquitted of manslaughter charges in connection with the deaths.
    (AP, 7/23/02)

1982        Jul 24, Anna Paquin, Oscar winning actress (Piano), was born in Winnipeg, Manitoba.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anna_Paquin)

1982        Jul 27, Menken and Ashman's musical "Little Shop of Horrors" premiered in NYC.
    (www.imagi-nation.com/moonstruck/albm42.html)

1982        Jul 29, It was announced that the painting "Gallery of the Louvre" by Samuel Morse (1791-1872) had sold for $3,250,000.
    (www.cedmagic.com/home/ced-digest/ced-digest-vol-07/ced-digest0730.html)

1982        Jul 31, Jai Alai executive John B. Callahan (45) was fatally shot in Miami by mob hit man John Martorano. Callahan’s body was found Aug 2 in the trunk of his Cadillac. In 2008 former FBI agent John Connolly was convicted of 2nd degree murder for leaking information to mobsters that led to the shooting death of Callahan. In Jan, 2009, Connolly was sentenced to 40 years in prison.
    (SFC, 11/6/08, p.A9)(http://mafiatoday.com/?p=442)(SFC, 1/16/09, p.A2)

1982        Jul, Bernard Webster (18) was identified as a rapist in Towson, Md. He denied the charges but was convicted in March, 2003. Webster was freed in 2002 following DNA tests that proved him innocent. He became the first person to be exonerated under Maryland's postconviction DNA statute.
    (www.innocenceproject.org/Content/290.php)
1982        Jul, The Timex Sinclair 1000 (TS1000), the first computer produced by Timex Sinclair, a joint-venture between Timex Corporation and Sinclair Research, was launched.
    (http://oldcomputers.net/ts1000.html)

1982        Aug 1, In Kenya there was a coup attempt against Pres. Daniel arap Moi. Oginga Odinga, Kenya’s 1st vice-president, was implicated in the coup along with his son Raila Odinga, who was put into solitary confinement for 6 years for his alleged involvement.
    (Econ, 12/22/07, p.77)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1982_Kenyan_coup)

1982        Aug 3, An explosion on board a hot air balloon carrying 9 people at a festival in Albuquerque, New Mexico, killed four people and injured five.
    (AP, 2/26/13)

1982        Aug 4, Ronald Smith of Canada killed two Americans in Montana during a drunken road trip. In March 1893 Smith was convicted and sentenced to death.
    (Econ, 5/24/08, p.55)(http://bulk.resource.org/courts.gov/c/F2/914/914.F2d.1153.88-4115.html)

1982        Aug 9, A federal judge in Washington ordered John W. Hinckley Jr., who had been acquitted of shooting President Ronald Reagan and three others by reason of insanity, committed to a mental hospital.
    (AP, 8/9/07)

1982        Aug 11, Pan Am flight 830 from Tokyo to Honolulu was bombed. The bombing was set in motion when Mohammed Rashed, wife Christine Pinter and their son traveled to Tokyo with fraudulent identification documents. Rashed tucked a bomb beneath window seat 47K, pulled the pin, engaged the timer and got off in Japan. Toru Ozawa (16), vacationing with his family, occupied the same seat on the next leg and was killed. 15 people were injured. In 1998 Mohammed Rashid, a Palestinian national, was turned over to the US by Egypt on charges related to the bombing. In 2002 Rashid pleaded guilty in exchange for a release date of March 20, 2013.
    (SFC, 6/4/98, p.A4)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pan_Am_Flight_830)(AP, 3/17/13)

1982        Aug 12, The US stock market bottomed and rose 35% by the end of the year. Theorist Robert S. Prechter predicted that the market would take off from its 800 levels.
    (SFEC, 8/16/98, p.B1)(www.wealtheffect.com/stocks/b8j.asp)
1982        Aug 12, Henry Fonda (77), film star (On Golden Pond), died from heart disease. Fonda was married 5 times and his wives included actress Margaret Sullavan (1931-1933), Frances Brokaw (1936-1950), Susan Blanchard (1950-1956), Afdera Franchetti (1957-1961) and Shirlee Adams (1965-1982).
    (TMC, 1994, p.1982)(SC, 8/12/02)(SSFC, 7/3/05, Par p.2)
1982        Aug 12, Israel staged heavy bombardment of Beirut. The UN Security council expressed its most serious concern about continued military activities in Lebanon, particularly in and around Beirut.
    (www.pierretristam.com/Bobst/Archives/CN072106.htm)(http://tinyurl.com/3ddtqm)

1982        Aug 17, A jury in South Bend, Ind. acquitted self-avowed racist Joseph Paul Franklin, for the 1980 attempted assassination of Vernon Jordan Jr, National Urban League president.
    (http://tinyurl.com/2nzrco)
1982        Aug 17, Barney Phillips (68), American actor (Dragnet, Felony Squad), died.
    (www.imdb.com/name/nm0680237/)
1982        Aug 17, Ruth First, an exiled anti-apartheid activist, was killed in Mozambique from a letter bomb sent by agents of the Nationalist South African government.  In 1997 her daughter, Gillian Slovo, published "Every Secret Thing: My Family, My Country."
    (SFEC, 5/11/97, BR p.5)(SSFC, 2/10/02, p.M6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ruth_First)

1982        Aug 18, For the first time, volume on the New York Stock exchange topped the $100 million level as 132.69 million shares were traded.
    (AP, 8/18/02)

1982        Aug 19, Soviet cosmonaut Svetlana Savitskaya became the second woman to be launched into space.
    (AP, 8/19/07)

1982        Aug 20, In Washington, DC, Mexican Secretary of Finance, Jesus Silva Herzog, declared that “Mexico did not have means to pay its due foreign debt and thus his Country was assuming a moratorium.” US Fed Chairman Paul Volcker immediately established a severe control upon money flow and practically the immobilization of domestic or external credits. The crisis lasted 1,717 days. Volcker lent money to Mexico and arranged a moratorium on repayment of bank loans.
    (http://tinyurl.com/37xdmy)(WSJ, 8/30/07, p.A3)

1982        Aug 21, A group of Palestinian guerrillas left Lebanon by ship under an evacuation plan mediated by the United States.
    (AP, 8/21/02)
1982        Aug 21, In Swaziland Sobhuza II (b.1899), former king and father of King Mswati III, died. At his death he had 70 wives and left over 1000 grandchildren.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mswati_III_of_Swaziland)

1982        Aug 22, Alfonso Portillo, a Guatemalan professor at Mexico’s Guerrero Autonomous Univ., shot and killed 2 political adversaries outside a party. In 1999 Portillo ran as a presidential candidate for the Guatemalan Republican Front and said he had acted in self defense.
    (SFC, 9/8/99, p.A15)(http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_hb3335/is_200001/ai_n8048120)

1982        Aug 23, Lebanon's parliament elected Christian militia leader Bashir Gemayel president. His inauguration was scheduled for 23 September. Gemayel was assassinated some three weeks later.
    (AP, 8/23/97)(http://tinyurl.com/2nba4o)

1982        Aug 24, Some 800 US Marines landed in Beirut, Lebanon, as part of a joint US-French peacekeeping force.
    (www.globalsecurity.org/military/ops/usmnf.htm)

1982        Aug 26, The Argentine government lifted a ban on political parties.
    (RTH, 8/26/99)

1982        Aug 28, LeAnn Rimes, country pop singer, was born in Jackson, Miss.
    (SSFC, 1/23/05, Par p.14)
1982        Aug 28, The burlesque musical "Sugar Babies" closed at the Mark Hellinger Theater in NYC after 1208 performances.
    (www.historyforsale.com/html/prodetails.asp?source=froogle&documentid=266183)

1982        Aug 29, Ingrid Bergman (b.1915), Swedish film star, died in England. In 1997 Donald Spoto wrote a biography of Ingrid Bergman: "Notorious, The Life of Ingrid Bergman." Bergman’s own autobiography was titled "My Story."
    (SFEC, 7/20/97, BR p.6)(SFC, 5/31/00, p.A22)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ingrid_Bergman)

1982        Aug 30, Palestinian Liberation Organization left Beirut, Lebanon, and moved to Tunis, Tunisia.
    (SFC, 11/11/04, p.A18)

1982        Aug, Commodore Business Machines (CBM) released the Commodore 64 for $595.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commodore_64)
1982        Aug, In Kuwait the official Souk al-Manakh (camel market) collapsed erasing $94 billion in paper wealth overnight. The crash prompted a recession that rippled through society as individual families were disrupted by the investment risks of particular members made on family credit.
    (Econ, 12/5/09, p.81)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Souk_Al-Manakh_stock_market_crash)

1982        Sep 1, The US Congress created the 110,000 acre Mount St. Helens National Volcanic Monument.
    (SFEC, 8/16/98, p.A15)
1982        Sep 1, The evacuation of the PLO from Lebanon ended.
    (www.mideastweb.org/timeline.htm)
1982        Sep 1, Mexico’s President Lopez Portillo nationalized the private banks. There was an economic catastrophe that has been labeled the Mexican debt crisis. Mexicans sent hundreds of millions of dollars abroad amid devaluations and bank nationalization.
    (WSJ, 7/8/96,p.A1)(http://historicaltextarchive.com/sections.php?op=viewarticle&artid=330)

1982        Sep 3, Frederic Dannay (b.1905), US detective writer, died. He collaborated with Manfred Lee under the joint pseudonym Ellery Queen.
    (www.imdb.com/name/nm0200366/)

1982        Sep 5, Johnny Gosch (12) disappeared while delivering newspapers in Des Moines, Iowa. His was one of the first faces of missing children to appear on milk cartons. In 1997 he briefly contacted his mother, but feared for his life and declined to give details about his location.
    (SFC, 9/2/06, p.A5)
1982        Sep 5, In San Francisco a van crashed into a taxi carrying actress Janet Gaynor (75), her husband Paul Gregory, actress Mary Martin and manager Ben Washer. Washer was killed and the others were injured. Gaynor never fully recovered and died in 1984.
    (SSFC, 9/13/09, DB p.46)

1982        Sep 8, Abu Nidal gunmen made a machine gun attack on diners at the Jo Goldenberg restaurant on rue de Rosiers in Paris. 6 people were killed and 22 wounded.
    (WSJ, 8/20/02, p.A18)

1982        Sep 9, Robert Thibadeau at CMU-10A: Pittsburgh Zoo Options: The zoo is a worthwhile place to visit, but in my three years in Pittsburgh I have watched it deteriorate for lack of funds. Fortunately they have this wonderful 'adopt an animal' program. The adoption can be a day or month. Orangutanns (sic) eat light at $.75 a day or $22.50 a month, and for $15 a day or $450 a month you get yourself an entire elephant. Double that and you can probably have his name changed to Clyde. Triple it and I bet they will let you dye him pink. Visitation rights come with any adoption. The flyer is on my office door -- 5321.
    (http://www.cs.cmu.edu/~sef/Orig-Smiley.htm)

1982        Sep 11, Wilfredo Lam (b.1902), Cuban artist, died in Paris, France. He is best known for “The Jungle” (1943), later acquired by NYC’s MOMA.
    (WSJ, 4/29/08, p.D7)

 1982        Sep 13, In Sweden Marcus Wallenberg Jr. (b.1899), former tennis champion and banker, died.
    (http://tinyurl.com/yebq39)

1982        Sep 14, John C. Gardner (b.1933), US, writer (Life & Times of Chaucer High), was killed in a motorcycle accident. In 2004 Barry Silesky authored "John Gardner: Literary Outlaw."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Gardner)(WSJ, 2/13/04, p.W8)
1982        Sep 14, Lebanon's president-elect, Bashir Gemayel, was killed by a bomb.
    (AP, 9/14/97)
1982        Sep 14, Princess Grace of Monaco, formerly actress Grace Kelly, died at age 52 of injuries from a car crash the day before. Her daughter Stephanie survived the crash. Kelly rose to prominence in film with 1952's 'High Noon', and she worked with Alfred Hitchcock in several films including 'Rear Window'. Her movie career was a brief six years where she did win an Oscar for 'The Country Girl'. In 1956 she retired from film following her marriage to Prince Rainier of Monaco.
    (AP, 9/14/97)(AP, 10/10/02)

1982        Sep 15, The 1st issue of "USA Today" was published by Gannett Co., Inc., led by Al Neuharth (1924-2013).
    (http://tinyurl.com/c9t9bkl)(SFC, 4/20/13, p.A6)
1982        Sep 15, Pope John Paul II received PLO leader Yasser Arafat.
    (http://religion-cults.com/pope/religions.htm)
1982        Sep 15, The Israeli army reoccupied Beirut.
    (SFC, 5/24/00, p.A15)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sabra_and_Shatila_massacre)
1982        Sep 15, Sadegh Ghotbzadeh, Iran's former foreign minister, was executed after he was convicted of plotting against the government.
    (AP, 9/15/97)

1982        Sep 16-1982 Sep 18, The massacre of some 1,500 Palestinian men, women and children by Lebanese Christian militiamen began in west Beirut's Sabra and Chatilla (Shatilla) refugee camps. Elie Hobeika (d.2002), Christian militia chieftain, led the massacre of Palestinian refugees in the camps. Israel’s defense minister, Ariel Sharon, was held responsible and lost his top post. The massacre triggered peace rallies in Israel with some 400,000 demonstrating in Tel Aviv. In 2001 survivors lodged a complaint in Belgium against Sharon.
    (AP, 9/16/97)(SFC, 10/10/98, p.A8)(SFC, 5/24/00, p.A15)(SFC, 6/19/01, p.A8)(SFC, 1/25/02, p.A10)(WSJ, 8/1/06, p.A10)

1982        Sep 19, In the 34th Emmy Awards the winners included Hill Street Blues, Barney Miller, Alan Alda & Carol Kane.
    (http://tinyurl.com/2u6ww4)
1982        Sep 19, Prof. Scott E. Fahlman of Carnegie Mellon Univ. posted an emoticon, the first online smiley face, in a message to an online electronic bulletin board at 11:44 a.m., during a discussion about the limits of online humor and how to denote comments meant to be taken lightly.
    (AP, 9/18/07)

1982        Sep 21, National Football League players began a 57-day strike, their first regular-season walkout ever.
    (AP, 9/21/97)
1982        Sep 21, Amin Gemayel, brother of Lebanon's assassinated president-elect, Bashir Gemayel, was himself elected president. He stayed in office until 1988.
    (WSJ, 9/12/96, p.A16)(AP, 9/21/02)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amin_Gemayel)

1982        Sep 22, San Francisco's famous cable cars made a final run before closing down for a 20-month, $60 million renovation. The SF cable car system was shut down for an overhaul. Gripman Raymond M. McCann (d.1997 at 47) was assigned to write the first manual on operating cable cars. The system was overhauled under the Feinstein administration for $59 million, in mostly private and federal funds. Cable car prices were raised to $1.00.
    (AP, 9/22/02)(SFC, 6/3/97, p.A22)(SFC, 12/2/97, p.A16)

1982        Sep 24, US, Italian and French peacekeeping troops began arriving in Lebanon. Some 400,000 Israelis gathered at the first of many demonstrations to protest the Lebanon War.
    (www.globalsecurity.org/military/ops/usmnf.htm)(http://tinyurl.com/2o8vkl)
1982        Sep 24, British PM Margaret Thatcher visited Beijing. Deng refused her request for continued British administration of Hong Kong after 1997, but agreed to open negotiations on handover.
    (www.china.org.cn/english/China/213898.htm)
1982        Sep 24, Sarah Churchill (b.1914), actress (Royal Wedding, Spring Meeting), died. She was the 2nd daughter of Winston Churchill and Clementine Churchill: the third of the couple's five children.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sarah_Churchill_(actress))

1982        Sep 25, Pennsylvania prison guard George Banks killed 13 people including 4 that were his own children.
    (www.internationaljusticeproject.org/illnessGBanks.cfm)

1982        Sep 29, Extra-Strength Tylenol capsules laced with cyanide claimed the first of seven victims in the Chicago area. As of 2008 the case remained unsolved.
    (http://judicial-inc.biz/t_tylenol_murders_supplement.htm)(AP, 9/29/08)

1982        Sep 30, The situation comedy "Cheers" premiered on NBC-TV.
    (AP, 9/30/07)
1982        Sep 30, The London International Financial Futures and Options Exchange (LIFFE) opened for trading. It provided a range of products designed to help manage equity investment risk. In 2002 Euronext, a Paris-based exchange, took over LIFFE.
    (www.futuresindustry.org/fi-magazine-home.asp?a=607)

1982        Oct 1, EPCOT Center opened in Orlando, Florida.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Epcot)
1982        Oct 1, West Germany's Parliament ousted Helmut Schmidt (SPD). Helmut Kohl, head of the Christian Democratic Union, became Chancellor following the collapse of the Social Democratic led coalition. Kohl served until 1998.
    (WSJ, 9/3/98, p.A6)(WSJ, 1/19/00, p.A18)(Econ, 7/14/12, p.45)

1982        Oct 2, The Indian guru Swami Muktananda (b.1908) died. He had opened meditation centers in the US during the 1970s and attracted some 20,000 devotees. In 1983 he was charged posthumously with seducing young girls and stashing funds in a Swiss bank account.
    (SFC, 6/15/05, p.A1)(www.leavingsiddhayoga.net/secret.htm)
1982        Oct 2, A truck bomb in Tehran killed 60 and injured 700. Authorities blamed ''American mercenaries.''
    (http://tinyurl.com/2j23lb)

1982        Oct 4, Frank Rosenthal (1929-2008), Las Vegas casino operator, survived a car bomb when his Cadillac exploded as he turned the key. He ran the mob-owned Stardust, Fremont, Hacienda and Marina casinos. In 1995 Martin Scorsese made his film “Casino,” based on the life of Frank Rosenthal.
    (SFC, 10/17/08, p.B8)(Econ, 11/1/08, p.99)
1982        Oct 4, Glenn H. Gould (b.1932), eccentric Canadian pianist, died in Toronto of a cerebral hemorrhage. In 1997 Peter F. Ostwald wrote a biography titled: "Glenn Gould." In 2010 the documentary “Genius Within: The Inner Life of Glenn Gould” was directed by Pater Raymont and Michele Hozer.
    (WSJ, 8/5/97, p.A16)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glenn_Gould)(SFC, 11/19/10, p.E8)

1982        Oct 7, The Andrew Lloyd Webber-Tim Rice musical "Cats," featuring the popular song "Memory," opened on Broadway at Winter Garden Theater. The show closed Sept. 10, 2000 after a record 7,485 performances.
    (AP, 10/7/01)(www.broadwaymusicalhome.com/shows/cats.htm)
1982        Oct 7, Olof Palme was sworn in as Sweden’s prime minister.
    (www.islandnet.com/~kpolsson/swedhis/swed1980.htm)

1982        Oct 8, All labor organizations in Poland, including Solidarity, were banned.
    (AP, 10/8/97)

1982        Oct 9, Anna Freud (b.1895), Austrian-English psychoanalyst and daughter of Sigmund Freud, died in London.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anna_Freud)

1982        Oct 10, In Bolivia Hernan Siles Zuazo (1914-1996) became president again and served to 1985. His presidency restored democracy after 18 years of harsh military rule.
    (SFC, 8/8/96, p.A22)(AP, 12/17/05)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hern%C3%A1n_Siles_Zuazo)
1982        Oct 10, Pope John Paul II canonized Rev. M. Kolbe (1894-1941), a Polish Franciscan friar. The controversial racist priest had volunteered to die in place of another inmate at Auschwitz concentration camp.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maximilian_Kolbe)
1982        Oct 10, US imposed sanctions against Poland for banning Solidarity trade union.
    (www.cnn.com/almanac/9810/10/)

1982        Oct 11, The Mary Rose, English Tudor flagship of Henry VIII, was raised at Portsmouth, England. It had sank after launching in 1545.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mary_Rose)

1982        Oct 13, The IOC restored 2 gold medals post mortem from the 1912 Olympics to Jim Thorpe (1888-1953).
    (http://nomas-nyc.com/2006/10/solid-gold.html)
1982        Oct 13, Guatemala’s army surrounded the mountain village of Santa Anita Las Canoas. 24 men were taken inside a church, where they were chained, tied with ropes and tortured all the night, their screams heard throughout the village. The following morning, 6 men were taken from the group, tied to the barbwire fence of the church and executed in front of the community.
    {Guatemala, Atrocities}
    (SFC, 6/14/01, p.A14)(www.law.wisc.edu/news/index.php?ID=567)

1982        Oct 14, Some 6,000 Unification church couples were wed in Korea.
    (www.tparents.org/library/unification/topics/traditn/history-bless.htm)

1982        Oct 15, The federal Centers for Disease Control warned that a new epidemic was impacting Americans and that over 200, mostly gay young men, had died from AIDS. In 2001 Jon Cohen authored "Shots in the Dark: The Wayward Search for an AIDS Vaccine."
    (SSFC, 2/4/01, BR p.4)

1982        Oct 16, Mario del Monaco (b.1915), Italian opera singer, died of kidney disease.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mario_del_Monaco)

1982        Oct 17, Sam Shepard's "True West" premiered in NYC.
    (www.cherrylanetheatre.org/historyMainstage.htm)

1982        Oct 18, Former first lady Bess Truman (97) died at her home in Independence, Mo.
    (AP, 10/18/97)
1982        Oct 18, Pierre Mendes-France (b.1907), premier of France (1954-55), died. "Let them drink milk!"
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pierre_Mend%C3%A8s-France)

1982        Oct 19, Carmaker John DeLorean was arrested in Los Angeles and charged in a 24-million-dollar cocaine scheme aimed at salvaging his bankrupt sports car company. He was found not guilty due to entrapment on August 16, 1984.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_De_Lorean)

1982        Oct 22, Siegmund Warburg (b.1902), German-born British financier, died. In 2010 Niall Ferguson authored “High Financier: The Lives and Time of Siegmund Warburg.”
    (Econ, 6/26/10, p.87)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siegmund_George_Warburg)

1982        Oct 25, The TV show "Newhart" with Mary Frann (born Mary Luecke in St. Louis) and Bob Newhart, made its premier. It lasted to 1990. Frann died in 1998 at age 55.
    (SFC, 9/24/98, p.C4)

1982        Oct 27, China announced its population at 1 billion people plus.
    (http://tinyurl.com/2l3pta)

1982        Oct 28, The Spanish Socialist Workers’ Party won the elections and Felipe Gonzalez (b.1942) became prime minister. He served 4 successive mandates and stepped down as head of the party in 1997.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Felipe_Gonz%C3%A1lez)(WSJ, 11/30/95, p.A-10)

1982        Oct 31, The Nehemiah housing plan in New York broke ground in Brownsville. It was fathered by I.D. Robbins (1910-1996) and consisted of low-cost, 3-bedroom brick townhouses that sold for $39,000. The plan was helped by the Industrial Areas Foundation established by the Chicago housing advocate Saul Alinsky.
    (http://tinyurl.com/2tow9q)
1982        Oct 31, Pope John Paul II became the 1st pontiff to visit Spain.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_pastoral_visits_of_Pope_John_Paul_II_outside_Italy)

1982        Oct, Betty Ford, former first lady, founded the Betty Ford Center in Rancho Mirage for drug-treatment after admitting her own problems with substance abuse.
    (SFEC,12/797, Par p.2)
1982        Oct, In Sri Lanka Junius Richard Jayewardene (1906-1996) was re-elected for a 6-year term as premier and president.
    (SFC, 11/2/96, p.A21)(www.bookrags.com/Junius_Richard_Jayewardene)

1982        Nov 3, In Afghanistan a Soviet tank engine exploded in the Salang Tunnel and 178 Soviet soldiers were killed along with as many as 800 Afghans.
    {Afghan, USSR, Russia}
    (SFC, 12/13/01, p.A10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salang_tunnel_fire)

1982        Nov 4, Dominique Dunne (b.1959), American actress and daughter of novelist Dominick Dunne, died in LA following strangulation by her former boyfriend, John Thomas Sweeney.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dominique_Dunne)
1982        Nov 4, Jacques Tati (b.1909), French mime and director, died.
    (www.imdb.com/name/nm0004244/)

1982        Nov 7, Gen. Kenan Evren was elected president of Turkey and continued to 1989.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kenan_Evren)(AP, 1/3/12)

1982        Nov 8, China announced the creation of its first batch of national parks.
    (Econ, 9/14/13, SR p.11)(www.nationalparkofchina.com/cnnp.html)

1982        Nov 10, The newly finished Vietnam Veterans Memorial was opened to its first visitors in Washington, D.C.
    (AP, 11/10/97)
1982        Nov 10, The IMF lent Mexico $3.8 billion due to threatened bankruptcy. The Mexican economy began to be run under the guidance of the World Bank and the Int’l. Monetary Fund.
    (SFC, 9/16/96, p.A21)
1982        Nov 10, In Russia Soviet leader Leonid I. Brezhnev died at age 75 and the Kremlin command passed to Yuri Andropov. He had suffered from arteriosclerosis of the brain. See the 1997 book by Michel Dobbs "Down with Big Brother, The Fall of the Soviet Empire."
    (TMC, 1994, p.1982)(SFEC, 2/2/97, BR. p.1)(AP, 11/10/97)

1982        Nov 11, Susan Cooper's and Hume Cronyn's "Foxfire," premiered in NYC.
    (www.thelostland.com/playsfilms.htm)
1982        Nov 11, Space shuttle Columbia launched for its first operational flight. The 4-man crew successfully used a remote manipulator arm.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Space_Shuttle_Columbia)
1982        Nov 11, West German authorities captured Brigitte Mohnhaupt, a member of the Red Army Faction, as she went to an arms cache in woods near Frankfurt. She was convicted in 1985 of involvement in nine murders, including those of West German chief federal prosecutor Siegfried Buback and of Hanns-Martin Schleyer, the head of the country's industry federation. Mohnhaupt (57) was released in 2007 after serving 24 years of a life sentence.
    (AP, 2/12/07)
1982        Nov 11, Solidarity leader Lech Walesa (b.1943) was let out of jail in Poland.
    (www.answers.com/topic/lech-walesa)

1982        Nov 12, Yuri V. Andropov was elected to succeed the late Leonid I. Brezhnev as general secretary of the Soviet Communist Party's Central Committee.
    (AP, 11/12/97)

1982        Nov 13, The Vietnam Veterans Memorial was dedicated after the Vietnam Veterans Memorial Fund had chosen Maya Ying Lin's design. Lin was an architecture student at Yale University when she submitted her proposal for the memorial, to be built in Washington D.C.'s Constitution Gardens as a tribute to those who served in the Vietnam War. In her proposal, shown above, Lin described "a long, polished, black stone wall, emerging from and receding into the earth," which would include the names of all the military personnel who had died or remained missing. According to Lin, "these names, seemingly infinite in number, [would] convey the sense of overwhelming numbers, while unifying these individuals into a whole.   
    (AP, 11/13/97)(HNPD, 11/13/98)
1982        Nov 13, The Viking 1 Mars Lander ended communications. The 2 Viking Landers transmitted over 1400 images. Many of these images are also available from NSSDC online and as photographic products.
    (http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/viking.html)

1982        Nov 15, Funeral services were held in Moscow's Red Square for the late Soviet President Leonid I. Brezhnev.
    (AP, 11/15/97)

1982        Nov 16, Tom Stoppard's "Real Thing," premiered in London.
    (www.sondheimguide.com/Stoppard/chronology.html)
1982        Nov 16, The US National Football League ended a 57-day strike, the longest in the history of professional sports.
    (AP, 11/1697)(HN, 11/16/98)
1982        Nov 16, A replica of the original 1854 "Pope’s Stone," donated by the Vatican, was dedicated at the Washington Monument. The original from Pope Pius IX, arrived in October 1853. It was taken by force in 1854 by unknown men. The common idea is that the men were part of a group called the Know-Nothings.
    (www.nps.gov/archive/wamo/memstone_564.htm)
1982        Nov 16, The Space Shuttle Columbia completed its first operational flight.
    (HN, 11/16/98)
1982        Nov 16, Christian Klar (b.1952), a leading member of the German Red Army Faction, was arrested close to Hamburg. In the following trials he was convicted for his involvement in the 1977 murders of Siegfried Buback, Jurgen Ponto and Hanns-Martin Schleyer together with fellow RAF member Brigitte Mohnhaupt. Klar was set for release in Jan, 2009, after serving 26 years in prison.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christian_Klar)(AP, 11/24/08)

1982        Nov 17, In Iraq the Supreme Council for the Islamic Revolution in Iraq (SCIRI) was created to increase Iranian control over Iraqi opposition groups belonging to the same Shiite faith as most Iranians. In 1999 it had 4-8000 fighters in southern Iraq.
    (USAT, 3/24/99, p.18A)(http://jamestown.org/terrorism/news/article.php?articleid=2373425)
1982        Nov 17, Eduard Tubin (b.1905), Estonian composer, died in Stockholm.
    (SFC, 2/13/98, p.C8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eduard_Tubin)

1982        Nov 19, An antenna tower collapsed during construction in Missouri City, Texas, and 5 riggers were killed.
    (http://ethics.tamu.edu/ethics/tvtower/tv3.htm)

1982        Nov 20, South Africa backed down on a plan to install black rule in neighboring Namibia.
    (HN, 11/20/98)

1982        Nov 21, In Sri Lanka the first Tiger activist to be killed by security forces was shot and wounded and died a few days later on November 27.
    (AP, 11/3/06)

1982        Nov 22, President Reagan called for defense-pact deployment of the MX missile.
    (HN, 11/22/98)

1982        Nov 24, FCC dropped limits on the duration and frequency of TV ads.
    (http://tinyurl.com/2tcl6k)

1982        Nov 25, Pike (Pee-ka) the polar bear was born at the SF Zoo on Thanksgiving.
    (SFC,11/26/97, p.A16)

1982        Nov 26, Yasuhiro Nakasone of the LDP was elected 71st Japanese prime minister.
    (HN, 11/26/98)(Econ, 10/8/05, Survey p.10)

1982        Nov 28, "Pirates of Penzance" closed at Uris Theater, NYC, after 772 performances.
    (www.ibdb.com/production.asp?ID=4088)
1982        Nov 28, The United States led by John McEnroe beat France 4-1 to win the Davis Cup.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1982_Davis_Cup)

1982        Nov 29, An 88-nation world trade conference meeting in Geneva agreed on a new set of guidelines for encouraging free trade and halting a tide of global protectionism.
    (http://tinyurl.com/36ozv8)
1982        Nov 29, US submarine Thomas Edison collided with a US Navy destroyer in the South China Sea.
    (http://aboutsubs.com/edison.htm)

1982        Nov 30, Michael Jackson (12958-2009) released “Thriller,” his 6th studio album. It  became the best-selling album of all time.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thriller_(album))

1982        Dec 2, In the first operation of its kind, doctors at the University of Utah Medical Center implanted a permanent artificial heart developed by Dr. Robert K. Jarvik. Barney Clark, a retired dentist, lived 112 days with the Jarvic-7 heart, the first human to survive with a man-made heart.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1982)(AP, 12/2/97)(HN, 12/2/98)   
1982        Dec 2, Marty Feldman (49), comedian, writer and actor (Young Frankenstein), died from a heart attack after suffering food poisoning in Mexico City, Mexico.  He was born July 8, 1933, in London, England.
    (www.imdb.com/name/nm0001204/)

1982        Dec 3, Rebecca Marrero (b.1962) was last seen in Seattle, Wa. She was believed to have become a victim of Gary Ridgeway, the so-called Green River Killer. In 2010 her skull was found by children playing in a ravine south of Seattle. On Feb 7, 2011, Ridgeway, already serving 48 life terms, was charged with her murder.
    (SFC, 12/24/10, p.A6)(SFC, 2/8/11, p.A6)

1982        Dec 4, Guatemalan Pres. Rios Montt met with US Pres. Ronald Reagan in Honduras. Reagan dismissed reports of human rights abuses in the region and lifted an arms embargo to resume sales to military rulers.
    (SSFC, 2/14/04, p.M3)(www.consortiumnews.com/2007/012907.html)
1982        Dec 4, A new version of China’s constitution dropped the worker’s right to strike.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constitution_of_the_People's_Republic_of_China)

1982        Dec 5, The Univ. Baptist Church in Seattle declared itself a sanctuary for Central American refugees.
    (http://tinyurl.com/3axzxr)

1982        Dec 6, Maureen Marder, a construction worker by day and a dancer by night, signed a release with Paramount Pictures regarding her interest in the film Flashdance, which went on to gross over $150 million. The 1983 musical starred Jennifer Beals and was directed by Adrian Lyne.
    (SFEC, 10/11/97, DB p.35)
1982        Dec 6, In Northern Ireland 11 soldiers and six civilians were killed when a bomb planted by the Irish National Liberation Army exploded in a pub in Ballykelly.
    (AP, 12/6/97)
1982        Dec 6, Turkey began celebrating St. Nicholas day.
    (WSJ, 8/31/98, p.B1)

1982        Dec 6-1982 Dec 8, In Guatemala a government massacre wiped out the village of Dos Erres. In 2000 two witnesses gave evidence that some 300 men, women and children were killed, tortured and raped by specialists called kaibiles. In 2011 Pedro Pimentel Rios (54), a former member of an elite Guatemalan military force suspected of carrying out the massacre, was extradited from the United States back to Guatemala.
    (SFEC, 4/9/00, p.C14)(AP, 7/12/11)

1982        Dec 7, Convicted murderer Charlie Brooks Junior became the first U.S. prisoner to be executed by injection, at a prison in Huntsville, Texas. Brooks, convicted of murdering an auto mechanic, received an intravenous injection of sodium pentothal.
    (AP, 12/7/99)
1982        Dec 7, In Suriname 15 politicians, journalists, union leaders, lawyers and soldiers, were rounded up and slain in a hundreds-year-old fort in Paramaribo. In 2007 Desire Bouterse, the former dictator, faced trial for the murders. In 2008 a military tribunal in Suriname ruled that those accused of a 1982 massacre, including the country's former dictator, must stand trial.
    (AP, 3/12/07)(WSJ, 10/8/07, p.A6)(AP, 4/5/08)

1982        Dec 8, A man demanding an end to nuclear weapons held the Washington Monument hostage, threatening to blow it up with explosives he claimed were inside a van. After a 10-hour standoff, Norman D. Mayer was shot dead by police; it turned out there were no explosives.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Norman_Mayer)(AP, 12/8/07)
1982        Dec 8, Marty Robbins, American singer, died. His songs included “El Paso” (1959), “Devil Woman,” and “My Woman, My Woman, My Wife” (1970). He was inducted into the Nashville Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1975.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marty_Robbins)

1982        Dec 9, The Washington, D.C., police shot and killed Norman Mayer (b.1916), an American anti-nuclear weapons activist, 10 hours after he threatened to blow up the Washington Monument. Police found he had no explosives.
    (HN, 12/8/98)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Norman_Mayer)
1982        Dec 9, Leon Jaworski (b.1905), special prosecutor (Watergate), died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leon_Jaworski)

1982        Dec 10, Freeman Gosden (b.1899), white actor, died. He had starred as Amos in the “Amos ‘n’ Andy” radio shows from 1928 to 1960.
    (SFC, 3/21/07, p.G2)(www.imdb.com/name/nm0331459/bio)
1982        Dec 10, The UN Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) treaty opened for signature. It extended internationally recognized territorial waters to 200 miles offshore. The convention came into force on November 16, 1994, one year after the sixtieth state, Guyana, signed it. The treaty gave countries the power to restrict fishing within 231 miles of their coasts. The convention created the International Seabed authority and the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea.
    (http://tinyurl.com/2wsq9p)(WSJ, 1/18/07, p.A13)(Econ, 8/18/07, p.51)

1982        Dec 12, The Sentry Armored Car Company in NYC was robbed of $11.4 million from its headquarters. It was the biggest cash theft in US history.
    (http://tinyurl.com/36gcc9)

1982        Dec 14, Edward Hagedorn (b.1902), graphic artist, died in Berkeley, Ca. He incised images into linoleum for sharp contrasts in black and white. His work included: "Self Portrait with Cigarette," "You," "Sword Swallower" and "The Rainbow."
    (SFC, 7/10/96, p.E1,4)(www.rubylane.com/shops/bassfineart/item/0927d?gbase=1)

1982        Dec 16, Anne M. Gorsuch, head of the Environmental Protection Agency, became the first Cabinet-level officer to be cited for contempt of US Congress for refusing to submit documents requested by a congressional committee.
    (AP, 12/16/02)

1982        Dec 17, In Venezuela Hugo Chavez (b.1954) and other junior officers formed a secret group, the Bolivarian Revolutionary Movement 200 (MBR-200), and vowed to change their society. They made their 1st coup attempt in 1992.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Military_career_of_Hugo_Ch%C3%A1vez)(WSJ, 6/12/03, p.A10)

1982        Dec 18, Tara Burke (3 years old) was freed in SF after being held captive and molested in a van for ten months. She had been kidnapped in Concord by Luis "Tree Frog" Johnson (33) and Alex Cabarga (17). Johnson was sentenced to 527 years in prison and Cabarga served 25 years.
    (SFC,10/27/97, p.A1,4)

1982        Dec 19, Four bombs exploded at South Africa's only nuclear power station in Johannesburg.
    (HN, 12/19/98)

1982        Dec 20, Artur Rubinstein (b.1887), Polish-born Jewish pianist, died in Geneva. In 1946 he became a US citizen. In 1973 he authored “My Young Years” and in 1980 “My Many Years.”
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arthur_Rubinstein)

1982        Dec 23, The Golden Gate Bridge closed for 2 hours as winds reached 70 mph.
    (http://goldengatebridge.org/research/facts.php)
1982        Dec 23, Jack Webb (b.1920), actor, producer and director, died of a heart attack. He was best known for his role as  Joe Friday in Dragnet. The original Dragnet starring Jack Webb as Sgt. Friday ran on radio from June 3, 1949 to February 26, 1957 and on television from December 16, 1951 to August 23, 1959, and from January 12, 1967 to April 16, 1970.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jack_Webb)

1982        Dec 26, TIME magazine’s Man of the Year, in the issue dated January 4, 1983, was a computer.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1982)

1982        Dec 28, Nevell Johnson Jr., a black man, was mortally wounded by a police officer in a Miami video arcade, setting off 3 days of race-related disturbances that left another man dead.
    (AP, 12/28/97)

1982        Dec 29, Coach Paul "Bear" Bryant ended his career with Alabama. He logged 323 wins (http://bryantmuseum.ua.edu/direction.cfm?dir=bio). In 1996 Keith Dunnavant authored “COACH: The Life of Paul "Bear" Bryant.”
    (www.amazon.com/COACH-Life-Paul-Bear-Bryant/dp/0684800411)

1982        Dec 31, In Poland Martial Law was suspended. It was terminated on July 22, 1983.
    (www.videofact.com/english/martial_law.htm)

1982        Dec, The El Nino weather pattern was noticed to have caused trade winds on the equator to turn around. The 1982-1983 warming of the eastern tropical Pacific Ocean, was the most severe warming in 50 years. In Peru El Nino weather caused about $1 billion in damage.
    (SFC, 8/14/97, p.A1)(SFC, 10/7/97, p.A5)(SFC, 2/7/98, p.A10)
1982        Dec, Swiss investigators discovered a 14-page Arabic document that became widely known as “The Project.” It set out the Muslim Brotherhood’s strategy for global dominion.
    (www.historycommons.org/context.jsp?item=a1282theproject)(Econ, 10/30/10, p.92)

1982        Fernando Botero, Colombian-born artist, painted "The Dancing Couple."
    (WSJ, 7/10/98, p.W12)

1982        Nguyen Thanh Chau, Vietnamese artist, painted "Homeland Fruit" using watercolor on silk.
    (SFC, 6/8/96, p.E1)

1982        Francesco Clemente made his color woodcut "I" at Crown Point Press.
    (SFEC, 9/28/97, DB p.37)

1982        Frank Stella painted his "Pergusa Three." Stella has been dubbed "the father of minimalist art."
    (MT, Win. ‘96, p.10)

1982        George Rickey made his sculpture "Double L Eccentric Gyratory." It was placed outside the new SF Main Library in 1997.
    (SFEC, 6/29/97, DB p.37)

1982        James Bamford authored “The Puzzle Palace,” a portrait of the US National Security Agency (NSA). The NSA attempted to block publication. In 2008 Bamford authored an update, “The Shadow Factory: The Ultra-Secret NSA from 9/11 to the Eavesdropping on America,” which covered the agency’s performance just before 9/11 and after.
    (WSJ, 10/14/08, p.A19)

1982        William Bronk (d.1999 at 81) won the American Book Award for his collected poems "Life Supports."
    (SFC, 2/26/99, p.A25)

1982        Cid Caesar, TV comic, authored his autobiography "Where Have I Been."
    (SFC, 8/9/02, p.D17)

1982        John Cage wrote a 75-minute play for German radio called "James Joyce, Marcel Duchamp, Erik Satie: An Alphabet."
    (WSJ, 2/28/02, p.A16)

1982        Charles F. Ehret (1923-2007), a scientist at Argonne National Laboratory, released the “Argonne Anti-Jet-Lag Diet.”
    (WSJ, 3/10/07, p.A4)

1982        Mary Ellis (1897-2003), opera singer and actress, authored her autobiography: "Those Dancing Years."
    (SFC, 2/3/03, p.B4)

1982        Historian John Lewis Gaddis authored” Strategies of Containment,” an American perspective on the cold war.
    (Econ, 1/7/06, p.73)

1982        William Gibson authored “Neuromancer,” a science fiction short story  in which he coined the term cyberspace.
    (Econ, 7/12/14, SR p.3)

1982        Sue Grafton published in England her first alphabetical mystery: "A is for Alibi."
    (WSJ, 4/24/98, p.W14)

1982        William Least Heat-Moon (William Trogdon) authored “Blue Highways,” an account of his back road journeys around the lower 48 US states.
    (WSJ, 11/1/08, p.W12)

1982        L. Ron Hubbard, founder of the Church of Scientology, authored the sci-fi novel "Battlefield Earth." In 2000 a film version with John Travolta was produced.
    (WSJ, 3/24/00, p.A1)

1982        Australian Thomas Keneally authored "Schindler's List." He received his information from Leopold Page (d.2001 at 87), No. 173 on Schindler’s list. "Schindler's List," Steven Spielberg's drama about the Holocaust, won Golden Globes for best dramatic picture and best director in 1994.
    (AP, 1/22/99)(SFC, 3/14/01, p.C2)

1982        Psychologists Daniel Kahneman, Paul Slovic and Amos Tversky authored “Judgment Under Uncertainty,” revealing many of the hard-wired flaws that shape human behavior. Kahneman and Tversky were later hailed as the fathers of behavioral economics.
    (WSJ, 1/24/09, p.W8)(Econ, 10/29/11, p.99)

1982        Marc Lappe (1942-2004), toxics expert, authored “Germs That Won’t Die: Medical Consequences of the Misuse of Antibiotics.”
    (SFC, 5/18/05, p.B7)

1982        Sam Shepard wrote his play "Fool for Love."
    (WSJ, 11/8/96, p.A12)

1982        The "Historical Dictionary of the Spanish Civil War" was published.
    (WSJ, 11/19/96, p.A22)

1982        "The Argot Merchant Disaster," collected poetry by George Starbuck,  (1931-1996) was published. He was once described as the thinking man’s Ogden Nash.
    (SFC, 8/17/96, p.A24)

1982        The play "Edmond" by David Mamet was remotely based on Brecht’s first play "Baal."
    (WSJ, 10/3/96, p.A12)

1982        Tom Stoppard wrote his play "The Real Thing."
    (SFEM, 1/2/00, p.6)

1982        June Allyson wrote her biography "June Allyson."
    (SFC, 8/28/96, E10)

1982        Iron Eyes Cody (d.1998 at 94), American Indian actor, published his autobiography: "Iron Eyes: My Life as a Hollywood Indian." In 1970 he played an Indian paddling through a polluted stream in a public service ad.
    (SFC, 1/5/99, p.A20)

1982        Opera star Elizabeth Schwarzkopf wrote a memoir of her record-producer husband: "On and Off the Record: A Memoir of Walter Legge."
    (WSJ, 7/23/96, p.A20)

1982        Barry Bluestone and Bennett Harrison wrote "The Deindustrialization of America." They argued that capitalism took a new and mean turn in the 1970s as corporate raiders and speculators purchased prosperous manufacturing firms, took their assets, and reduced employment or shifted jobs to off-shore places.
    (LSA, Spg/97, p.18)

1982        Dorothy Demming wrote "Cryptography and Data Security."
    (Wired, 9/96, p.219)

1982        James Fox authored “White Mischief.” It told the story of a 1941 murder in Kenya of Josslyn Victor Hay, the 22nd Earl of Erroll. It was made into a film in 1988.
    (SSFC, 8/15/10, Books p.F4)

1982        Carol Gilligan, Harvard psychologist, authored "In a Different Voice," a study of the social development of girls.
    (SFC, 3/3/01, p.A2)

1982        Dr. Benoit Mandelbrot (b.1924) authored "The Fractal Geometry of Nature." He produced the 1st image of the Mandelbrot set in 1980.
    (Econ, 12/6/03, TQp.36)

1982        James Michener wrote his novel "Space."
    (SFC,10/17/97, p.A17)

1982        John Newhouse authored “The Sporty Game,” a history of the airline business.
    (WSJ, 1/24/06, p.D11)

1982        Robert Palmer wrote "Deep Blues," a personal work on blues music.
    (NH, 9/96, p.62)

1982        Tom Peters authored “In Search of Excellence,” a business management book that became a classic.
    (USAT, 5/18/04, p.B1)

1982        Patrick Rance (d.1999) authored "The Great British Cheese Book."
    (SFC, 8/30/99, p.A24)

1982        Dan Richardson wrote "Comintern Army," a historical work on the Spanish Civil War.
    (WSJ, 11/19/96, p.A22)

1982        Maureen (d.2003) and Michael Ryan authored "Kerry: Agent Orange and an American Family."
    (SSFC, 9/14/03, p.A27)

1982        Economist Amartya Sen authored “Poverty and Famines,” in which he showed that some of the worst famines had taken place without a significant fall in the supply of food. He used the 1968-1973 famine in the Sahel of North Africa to illustrate his thesis.
    (Econ, 8/20/05, p.57)

1982        Tom Stoddard published "Jazz on the Barbary Coast," and anthology of oral histories and essays.
    (SFEC, 4/12/98, p.D7)

1982        Isaac Bashevis Singer wrote "The Golem."
    (SFEC, 12/22/96, BR p.7)

1982        "Dr. De Soto," a children’s book by William Steig, was published.
    (SFEC, 2/27/00, BR p.12)(www.williamsteig.com/drdesoto.htm)

1982        Bill Styron authored "Sophie's Choice."
    (SFC, 11/26/99, p.W2)

1982        Meridel Le Sueur (1900-1996) published "Ripening: Selected Work 1927-1980." She was highly praised for her children’s stories, stories of immigrants and Indian women.
    (SFEC, 11/24/96, C12)

1982        British writer Sue Townsend (1946-2014) authored "The Secret Diary of Adrian Mole aged 13 ¾". It sold 20 million copies worldwide. She continued the series through the 1990s and 2000s, following Mole as he became a father, ran a book shop and overcame prostate cancer.
    (AP, 4/11/14)

1982        The Broadway show "Eminent Domain" by Percy Granger (d.1997 at 51) was produced. Granger had helped found the Manhattan Ensemble Studio Theater. He wrote for Radio Mystery Theater and daytime television.
    (SFC, 3/13/97, p.A22)

1982        The musical "Nine" opened on Broadway. It was an adaptation of Fellini’s "8½"The music and lyrics were by Maury Yeston and the book by Arthur Kopit. It was revived in 2003.
    (WSJ, 4/8/03, p.D4)(WSJ, 4/11/03, p.W9)

1982        The Canadian NFB documentary film "If You Love This Planet" was an anti-nuclear film that won the best documentary Oscar.
    (WSJ, 1/13/00, p.A20)

1982        The TV food show "Yan Can Cook" began on KQED in SF with Martin Yan.
    (SFC, 7/30/01, p.E1)

1982        The TV show Barney Miller ended its run.
    (SFEC, 6/29/97, Par p.22)

1982        The TV medical series "St. Elsewhere" began and ran until 1988. it was produced by Bruce Paltrow (d.2002 at 58).
    (WSJ, 1/10/00, p.A24)(SFC, 10/4/02, p.A26)

1982        The Gothic rock group Christian Death recorded their album "Only Theater of pain." Rozz Williams the founding songwriter and musician died in a suicide hanging in 1998 at 34.
    (SFC, 4/11/98, p.A15)

1982        The work "Rosanna" by Toto won the Grammy best record of the year.
    (SFEC, 2/21/99, DB p.38)

1982        Michael Jackson released his "Thriller" album.
    (WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R34)

1982        Rock star Prince Rogers Nelson achieved a commercial breakthrough with his album "1999."
    (SFC, 7/16/96, p.E3)

1982        Ricky Scaggs achieved country music industry honors with the Horizon and Male Vocalist of the Year.
    (WSJ, 12/30/97, p.A8)

1982        The musical work "Dreams and Fantasies" by David Sheinfeld (d.2001 at 94) was premiered at the SF Davies Symphony Hall under Edo de Waart.
    (SFC, 6/11/01, p.A17)

1982        The Riders in the Sky Trio (Woody Paul, Ranger Doug, and Too Slim Fred) were named to the Grand Ole Opry.
    (WSJ, 1/18/00, p.A24)

1982        Joani Blank of San Francisco’s Good Vibrations published "Good Vibrations: The Complete Guide to Vibrators."
    (SFC, 2/27/98, p.A3)
1982        Tom Stoddard published "Jazz on the Barbary Coast," an anthology of oral histories and essays in San Francisco.
    (SFEC, 4/12/98, p.D7)
1982        The TV food show "Yan Can Cook" began on KQED in SF with Martin Yan.
    (SFC, 7/30/01, p.E1)
1982        In San Francisco the musical work "Dreams and Fantasies" by David Sheinfeld (d.2001 at 94) was premiered at the SF Davies Symphony Hall under Edo de Waart.
    (SFC, 6/11/01, p.A17)
1982        In SF the 48-story silo-shaped office tower at 101 California St., designed by Philip Johnson (1906-2004), was completed.
    (SFC, 8/6/04, p.F2)(SFC, 1/27/05, p.A2,E14)
1982        In San Francisco the 5-story Levi’s Plaza was built at 1155 Battery St. Architects included HOK and Richard Friedman.
    (SSFC, 12/6/09, p.C3)
1982        In SF the Nieman Marcus department store chain opened a store on Union Square in a space formerly occupied by the City of Paris department store.
    (SFC, 9/7/01, p.A21)(SSFC, 9/9/07, p.G3)
1982        In SF Sgt. John Macauley Park opened at Larkin and O’Farrell. It was named after Sgt. John Macauley, who was shot to death making a traffic stop in 1982.
    (SFC, 10/25/00, p.A20)
1982        In SF Dolores Street Community Services was organized to help the poor and sick in the Mission and Castro neighborhoods. It was originally a ministry of the Dolores St. Baptist Church.
    (SFC, 9/15/98, p.A9)
1982        In SF the Martin Luther King-Marcus Garvey Square housing complex at Eddy and Steiner went co-op.
    (SFC, 12/29/98, p.A11)
1982        In SF Bernice Hemphill (d.1996) retired as director of the Irwin Memorial Blood Bank. She began work there before the end of WW II and was the first managing director of this first nonprofit, medically sponsored blood collection center in the nation.
    (SFC, 11/27/96, p.B2)
1982        In SF Tom Waddel founded the Gay Olympics, later renamed the Gay Games.
    (SFC, 6/23/96, BR, p.1)
1982        In SF actors began declaiming Shakespeare on picnic tables in Golden Gate Park and thus founded the San Francisco Shakespeare Festival.
    (SFC, 8/30/96, p.D1)
1982        In SF the WW II submarine "Pampanito" was opened to the public at Pier 45, the foot of Taylor St. under the operation of the National Maritime Museum Association. In 1986 the sub was named a National Historic Landmark by the national Park Service.
    (SFC, 6/19/97, p.A22)(SFC, 5/27/00, p.A17)
1982        A federal consent decree went into effect that forced SF to release low-level offenders to prevent severe jail overcrowding.
    (SFEC, 10/6/96, A14)
1982        In SF Mary Jane Rathbun (d.1999), aka Brownie Mary, was arrested on marijuana charges and ordered to perform 500 hours of social work. She sold her "Magically Delicious" brownies from a succession of Castro area homes in SF.
    (SFC, 4/13/99, p.A19)
1982        In northern California Jess Jackson (b.1930), real estate lawyer and grape grower, decided to make his own wine and soon produced a batch of blended chardonney grapes called Kendall-Jackson Vintner’s Reserve Chardonnay. The wine got an award and sold out in six weeks.
    (AP, 7/4/09)(www.wineanorak.com/california/kendalljackson.htm)
1982        Todd Industries bought the Bethlehem Iron Works (United Iron Works at Pier 70) in SF. By 1987 Todd faced bankruptcy, broke its lease with the SF Port Authority, and abandoned the property.
    (SSFC, 7/3/05, p.F2)
1982        Grace Marchant, the SF woman who maintained the garden on the east face of Telegraph Hill at the Filbert steps, died. The garden was later named in her honor. The retired seamstress had begun her work in 1949. Before her death she asked cab driver Gary Kray (d.2012) to continue her work.
    (SFC, 8/7/97, p.A1)(SSFC, 9/30/12, p.C12)

1982        Cardinal Joseph Bernardin took over the archdiocese of Chicago.
    (SFC, 8/31/96, p.A12)

1982        Barbara Wiedner (d.2001 at 72) founded Grandmothers for Peace Int’l.
    (SFC, 12/5/01, p.A23)

1982        Thich Nhat Hanh, a Vietnamese Zen master, founded Plum Village, a Buddhist community in southern France.
    (SFC, 10/12/97, Z1 p.3)

1982        Kathleen Carlin (1939-1996) founded Men Stopping Violence. The organization worked to change the social norms of male supremacy that were seen as a root cause of female abuse.
    (SFEC, 9/30/96, p.A23)

1982        The US National Immigration Forum, a campaign group to advocate for the value of immigrants and immigration to America, was established.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Immigration_Forum)    (Econ, 2/22/14, SR p.13)

1982        In 1982 Jimmy Carter became University Distinguished Professor at Emory University in Atlanta, and founded The Carter Center. With a permanent staff of approximately 160, The Carter Center works to resolve conflict, advance democracy and human rights, and prevent disease and hunger. The Carter Center Conflict Resolution Program was founded and helped Jimmy Carter win the Nobel Peace Prize in 2002.
    (Econ, 7/2/11, p.50)(www.whitehousediarybook.com/legacy-post-presidency.html)

1982        Actor Paul Newman (1925-2008) put up $40,000 to help start a specialty food company with writer A.E. Hotcher called Newman’s Own. 100% of the profits were directed to charities.
    (SSFC, 9/28/08, p.A17)

1982        Adam Robinson and John Katzman founded Princeton Review Inc., to help high school students improve their SAT scores.
    (WSJ, 10/18/99, p.A1)

1982        In SF Tom Waddel founded the Gay Olympics, later renamed the Gay Games.
    (SFC, 6/23/96, BR, p.1)

1982        The St. Charles Saloon’s Poison Oak Show began in Columbia, Ca.
    (PacDis, Fall/’96, p.30)

1982        In the US the National Library of Poetry was founded to promote the artistic accomplishments of contemporary poets.
    (SFC, 7/14/96, Par p.16)

1982        The Fourth Freedom Forum was formed in Goshen, Indiana, by Howard Brembeck to advocate the use of economic power instead of military force.
    (www.fourthfreedom.org/Applications/cms.php?page_id=75)

1982        The Washington Times was founded by Sun Myung Moon, leader of the Unification Church and the Family Federation for World Peace and Unification, to be a conservative alternative to the larger Washington Post. The Times is widely perceived as maintaining a right-leaning editorial stance. By 2002, the Unification Church had spent about $1.7 billion in subsidies for the Times.
    (SFC, 12/9/09, p.A6)(http://tinyurl.com/y9r9xd7)

1982        The Oakland Raiders football team under Al Davis moved to Los Angeles.
    (SFC, 10/1/96, p.A24)

1982        "The Play," a five-lateral scramble was run by the Univ. of California football team against Stanford.
    (SFC, 1/18/97, p.A19)(SFC, 12/14/99, p.D7)

1982        Konishiki, born Salevaa Atisanoe in American Samoa, began competing in sumo wrestling. He opened sumo wrestling to international competition and achieved the 2nd-highest rank. The 600-pound wrestler announced his retirement in 1997.
    (SFEC,11/23/97, p.A23)

1982        The Microcirculation Society, founded in 1954, named its top award after Dr. Benjamin Zweibach (d.1997 at 86), founder of the Journal of Microvascular Research.
    (SFC,11/4/97, p.A19)(http://microcirc.org/)

1982        Robert Beasley (d.1997 at 70), a chemist who developed the material used in the space shuttle heat shield tiles, was awarded the Johnson Space Center achievement award for his work.
    (SFC, 3/15/97, p.A19)

1982        Kenneth Thimann (1904-1997) received the Balzan Prize worth $110,000, awarded in scientific fields not covered by the Nobel Prize, for his work on plant hormones. The English-born Harvard scientist had isolated and purified the universal growth hormone known as auxin.
    (SFC, 1/25/97, p.A19)(www.hno.harvard.edu/gazette/2003/03.13/22-mm.html)

1982        Gabriel Garcia Marquez (1928-2014), Columbian-born novelist, won the Nobel Prize in Literature.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gabriel_Garc%C3%ADa_M%C3%A1rquez)
1982        George Stigler (1911-1991) of the Univ. of Chicago won the Nobel Prize in Economics for studies of industrial structures and the causes and effects of public regulation. Stigler had studied the process by which people acquired information.
    (Econ, 11/25/06, p.80)(AP, 10/11/09)(Econ, 10/16/10, p.92)
1982        Swedish scientists Dr. Sune Karl Bergstrom (d.2004), Bengt Samuelsson and John R. Vane of Britain shared the Nobel Prize for Physiology or medicine for their work on natural chemicals involved in birth, blood clotting and pain control. Samuelson received the Nobel Prize for his work in 1979 when he identified a natural chemical produced in the body that helps spawn the severe, breath shortening attacks that are the hallmark of asthma.
    (WSJ, 4/5/96, p.B-1)(SFC, 8/19/04, p.B7)

1982        Pres. Reagan in a defense directive said “homosexuality is incompatible with military service.” Under the declaration service members who said they were gay or engaged in homosexual acts were discharged.
    (SFC, 12/23/10, p.A8)
1982        The US Indian Tribal Governmental Tax Status Act of 1982 allowed tribes to issue tax-exempt bonds for essential government functions.
    (http://tinyurl.com/d4tjl)
1982        The US capital gains tax was cut to 20%.
    (WSJ, 9/29/95, p.A-14)
1982        A US federal law was passed that prohibited airport revenue from being transferred to local city general funds.
    (SFC, 7/20/96, p.A11)
1982        The US Congress doubled the federal excise tax on cigarettes to 16 cents per pack.
    (WSJ, 1/27/04, p.D12)
1982        The US Congress created a Mass Transit Fund within the Highway Trust Fund.
    (Econ, 11/19/11, p.34)
1982        US Congress made transfers between spouses tax free.
    (SSFC, 7/28/02, p.A3)
1982        The US government stopped selling fixed-rate savings bonds just as interest rates were embarked on a long, steep decline.
    (SFC, 4/5/05, p.C6)
1982        The US abandoned shoe quotas. By 2005 domestically made shoes accounted for only 1.6% of all shoes sold in the US.
    (WSJ, 6/7/05, p.A13)
1982        The Pentagon acknowledged for the 1st time the existence of a "stealth" aircraft.
    (SSFC, 12/14/03, p.D2)

1982        The US Supreme Court ruled in Nixon vs. Fitzgerald that no sitting president could ever be sued for official acts. The ruling did not say anything about private acts.
    (SFEC, 1/12/97,  p.A2)

1982        The US State Dept. added Cuba to its terror list following US accusations that the Castro government was aiding Colombian guerrillas.
    (WSJ, 9/15/06, p.A10)

1982        In Alaska the White Pass & Yukon railroad closed after a highway opened between Skagway and Whitehorse, and a slump in metal prices shut down mines.
    (SFEC, 2/8/98, p.T3)

1982        Troy Wicker of Muscle Shoals, Ala., was shot to death. Judy Wicker later testified that  she had had sex with Thomas Arthur and paid him $10,000 to kill her husband. Arthur was convicted and sentenced to death. His execution, set for Dec 6, 2007, was delayed because of a pending Supreme Court case involving lethal injections.
    (AP, 11/26/07)

1982        In Arizona Karl LeGrand, a German citizen, stabbed to death a bank manager during a bungled robbery attempt with his brother Walter LaGrand. Karl was convicted and died by lethal injection Feb 24, 1999. Walter was executed a week later. A UN court in 2001 upheld that the US violated international law in the case.
    (SFC, 2/25/99, p.A3)(SFC, 6/28/01, p.A8)

1982        In Arkansas former Gov. Bill Clinton won his election bid for the governor’s office with the help of political consultant Dick Morris.
    (SFC, 1/29/98, p.A3)

1982        A federal consent decree went into effect that forced SF to release low-level offenders to prevent severe jail overcrowding.
    (SFEC, 10/6/96, A14)
1982        In SF Mary Jane Rathbun (d.1999), aka Brownie Mary, was arrested on marijuana charges and ordered to perform 500 hours of social work. She sold her "Magically Delicious" brownies from a succession of Castro area homes in SF.
    (SFC, 4/13/99, p.A19)
1982        In southern California John Visciotti (26) shot and killed co-worker Timothy Dykstra (22) and wounded Michael Wolbert. Visciotti’s murder conviction was upheld but his death sentence was reversed due to a defense lawyer’s incompetence. In 2002 a penalty-phase retrial was ordered. The Supreme Court reinstated his death penalty.
    (SFC, 4/25/02, p.A6)(SFC, 11/5/02, p.A4)
1982        The city of Berkeley Ca., introduced commercial rent control.
    (SFC, 4/29/08, p.A1)
1982        Grace Marchant, the SF woman who maintained the garden on the east face of Telegraph Hill at the Filbert steps, died. The garden was later named in her honor.
    (SFC, 8/7/97, p.A1)
1982        Oakland, Ca., police officer Larry Frederick, was hit by a passing car and thrown 40 feet while on a routine traffic stop. His first night in surgery called for 54 pints of blood and before his ordeal was over he had gone through 9 surgeries and received 110 pints of blood. In thanks he later organized campaigns encouraging people to donate blood.
    (SFC, 5/16/96, p.A-13)

1982        Documents obtained in lawsuits in 2005 indicated that Florida Power and Light had mistakenly shipped radioactive waste to an ordinary landfill. The documents indicated that a number of similar shipments were made in the 1970s and 1980s to landfills and municipal sewage treatment plants.
    (SSFC, 8/7/05, p.A5)

1982        Hurricane Iwa hit Hawaii. It took away the steeple of the 1850s Waimea United Church of Christ.
    (SSFC, 8/25/02, p.C12)

1982        United Parcel Service (UPS) set up a huge logistics hub at the Louisville, Ky., airport.
    (Econ, 2/22/14, SR p.10)

1982        Maine Indian tribes laid claim to 60% of the state lands and settled for $81.5 million.
    (SFC, 12/13/02, p.J7)

1982        Debra Sue Carter (21), a cocktail waitress in Ada, Oklahoma, was raped and murdered. For five years the police could not solve the crime. For reasons that were never clear, they suspected Ron Williamson and his friend Dennis Fritz. The two were arrested in 1987 and charged with capital murder. With no physical evidence, the prosecution's case was built on junk science and the testimony of jailhouse snitches and convicts. Fritz was found guilty and given a life sentence. Williamson was sent to death row. Both were released 12 years later, when DNA evidence proved their innocence. In 2006 novelist John Grisham read Williamson's obituary in The New York Times and made him and Fritz the subject of his first non-fiction book: “The Innocent Man: Murder and Injustice in a Small Town.” The book became a bestseller.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ron_Williamson)

1982        Texas reinstated the death penalty.
    (SFC,11/22/97, p.A11)
1982        Texas sent James Curtis Giles (28) to prison for 10 years for the gang rape of a Dallas woman that he has long maintained he did not commit. In 2007 more than a decade after his release from prison, he was expected to become the 13th Dallas County man on track to be exonerated with the help of DNA evidence.
    (AP, 4/9/07)

1982        Virginia banned uranium mining. It remained legal to process enriched uranium into usable nuclear fuel. In 2008 it was reported that the largest undeveloped uranium deposit in the US was in Virginia’s Pittsylvania County.
    (www.cleanwateraction.org/publication/keep-ban-uranium-mining-virginia)(WSJ, 7/26/08, p.A7)

1982        Retired Gen. William Westmoreland (1914-2005) filed a $120 million libel suit against CBS News for its documentary “The Uncounted Enemy: A Vietnam Deception.” The documentary charged that Westmoreland had directed a conspiracy to suppress and alter critical intelligence on the enemy in 1967 and 1968 in order to deceive Americans into believing the war in Vietnam was being won. The suit was settled out of court and CBS acknowledged that the documentary was seriously flawed.
    (SFC, 7/19/05, p.B5)

1982        Robert Lee Vesco (1935-2007), who fled the US in 1971 to avoid charges of bilking mutual fund investors of $224 million, moved to Cuba.
    (SFC, 8/21/96, p.A8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Vesco)

1982        The early telegraph system of Southern Pacific Railroad grew into the Southern Pacific Communications Co. that was sold in this year to GTE. It later became Sprint.
    (SFC, 7/8/96, p.D1)

1982        In the US the ratio of executive pay to that of the average worker was 42 to 1.
    (Econ, 11/26/05, p.75)

1982        Alberto Culver introduced Mrs. Dash, a salt-free seasoning made of dried onion, garlic, lemon rind, and spices. Its popularity ebbed in the 1990s.
    (WSJ, 2/25/05, p.A1)

1982        Honda, the first Japanese auto maker to start production in the US, began making the Honda Accord at Marysville, Ohio.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl F, 10/7/96, p.71)(WSJ, 4/1/09, p.A20)

1982        Mike Bloomberg installed his first financial terminal and went on to develop the premier electronic financial information service in the world. He had been fired from Salomon Brothers in 1981 when it was acquired by Phibro Corp. and immediately founded Bloomberg L.P.
    (Wired, 2/99, p.132)

1982        Ely Callaway (d.2001 at 82) founded Callaway Golf. The 4-man company became a multi-billion-dollar corporation and developed the Big Bertha driver in 1991 and ERC II in 2000.
    (SFC, 7/6/01, p.A26)

1982        Bill Porter, a physicist and inventor, founded Trade-Plus the predecessor of the E*Trade brokerage firm. E*Trade Group went public in 1996.
    (WSJ, 11/13/07, p.A21)

1982        Budweiser introduced Bud Light beer.
    (WSJ, 5/27/08, p.A18)

1982        Coca-Cola developed Diet Coke.
    (Econ, 3/3/07, p.68)

1982        Compaq Computer was founded by Rod Canion, Jim Harris and Bill Murto. They designed the company’s product at a local House of Pies.
    (SSFC, 10/6/02, p.G1)

1982        The Manville Corp., formerly Johns Manville, filed for bankruptcy as it faced millions of dollars in claims over asbestos-related health problems. By 1996 it was operating as the Schuller Corporation of Denver.
    (SFC, 11/11/96, p.A26)

1982        McDonald's Corp. introduced Chicken McNuggets.
    (WSJ, 9/16/99, p.B1)

1982        The sleeping pill Halcion, made by Upjohn Pharm., was OK'd by the FDA. It later displayed side effects such as anxiety, behavior changes,  and abnormal thinking. Dosage was reduced and label warning were added and it was banned by Britain in 1991.
    (SFC, 6/1/96, p.A73)

1982        US Steel acquired Marathon Oil.
    (WSJ, 5/28/96, p. R46)

1982        John Walker founded Autodesk. His AutoCAD computer aided design software was introduced and shipped.
    (http://usa.autodesk.com/adsk/servlet/index?siteID=123112&id=3235534)

1982        John Warnock and Charles Geschke founded Adobe Corp., a software company that developed tools for desktop publishing. In 1993 Adobe introduce the Acrobat software that allowed documents to appear on computer screen exactly as you would see them on paper.
    (SFC, 5/16/96, p.B1)(Econ, 4/16/05, p.58)

1982        Coca-Cola bought Columbia Pictures for $750 million.
    (SSFC, 1/18/04, p.A14)

1982        Control Video Corp. was founded as an online video game company. It transformed to Quantum Computer Services, a private online service for Apple and IBM, and then became America Online (AOL) in 1989. In 1998 Kara Swisher wrote "aol.com: How Steve Case beat Bill Gates, Nailed the Netheads, and Made Millions in the War for the Web.
    (SFEC, 8/2/98, BR p.1,8)

1982        The Hearst Corp. acquired Communications Data Services, a magazine subscription fulfillment company, KMBC-TV in Kansas City, and Redbook magazine.
    (SFC, 8/7/99, p.A9)

1982        Intel introduced the 286 microprocessor, the first to support general protection and virtual memory. It ran at speeds of 8-12 Mhz and was 6 times more powerful than the 8086. IBM used the 286 in its fledgling PC and bought a 12%, $250 million stake in Intel to keep it afloat.
    (TAR, 1996, p.26)(SFC, 7/18/08, p.C1)

1982        Microsoft was a company in one building with about 100 employees.
    (WSJ, 12/12/95, p.A-16)

1982        The discount retailer 99 Cents Only was founded in Southern California. By Feb 2003 it grew to 153 locations.
    (SSFC, 9/19/04, p.J5)

1982        Commodore’s VIC-20, criticized in print as being underpowered, became the first computer to sell more than 1 million units and was the best-selling computer of 1982.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commodore_VIC-20)

1982        Orbital Sciences, a Virginia-based company, was founded by David Thompson, Bruce Ferguson and Scott Webster. It later built the first private space rocket. In 1990, the company successfully carried out eight space missions, highlighted by the initial launch of the Pegasus rocket, the world's first privately-developed space launch vehicle.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orbital_Sciences_Corporation)(Econ, 8/23/08, p.69)

1982        Scaled Composites was founded by aerospace engineer Burt Rutan. In 2007 it was acquired by Northrop Grumman. The company later developed SpaceShipTwo, a rocket-plane intended to carry paying passengers to 100km above Earth.
    (Econ, 12/21/13, p.121)

1982        Japan’s Sony Corp. introduced the 1st CD player.
    (WSJ, 3/7/05, p.A8)

1982        Silicon Graphics was founded by Stanford engineering professor James Clark. It made sophisticated computers for modeling. Its first product, the IRIS graphics terminal ,was released in 1983. The company went public in 1986. Clark left the company in 1994 to start Netscape. In 2006 the company filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy. In 2009 the company again filed for Bankruptcy and sold itself to Rackable systems from $25 million.
    (Econ, 7/29/06, p.58)(WSJ, 4/2/09, p.B7)(WSJ, 4/2/09, p.B7)

1982        Sun Microsystems was founded by tech whiz Andreas Bechtolsheim, CEO Scott McNeally, entrepreneur Vinod Khosla, and software inventor Bill Joy. The Sun slogan was "the network is the computer." Khosla later made a fortune as a partner at the Kleiner Perkins venture capital firm.
    (WSJ, 8/11/95, p.B-10)(WSJ, 3/19/97, p.B1)(Econ, 3/25/06, p.72)

1982        Symantec, a provider of security technology, was founded. It went public in 1989 and was acquired by Norton in 1990.
    (SSFC, 1/4/04, p.I1)

1982        Todd Industries bought the Bethlehem Iron Works (United Iron Works at Pier 70) in SF. By 1987 Todd faced bankruptcy, broke its lease with the SF Port Authority, and abandoned the property.
    (SSFC, 7/3/05, p.F2)

1982        John Hopfield, Bell Labs physicist, reawakened scientific interest in neural networks by finding a resemblance between their neighbor-pulling-neighbor structure and the behavior of magnetized atoms in some kinds of crystals.
    (I&I, Penzias, p.107)

1982        The computer game "Donkey Kong" by Nintendo became a hit in America. Nintendo also introduced the overweight plumber named "Mario."
    (SFC, 7/5/97, p.E1)

1982        Rich Skrenta (b.1967), a freshman in Pennsylvania, developed Elk Cloner as a practical joke. It was the 1st virus to hit computers worldwide and later became known as a "boot sector" virus. When it boots, or starts up, an infected disk places a copy of the virus in the computer's memory. Whenever someone inserts a clean disk into the machine and types the command "catalog" for a list of files, a copy gets written onto that disk as well. The newly infected disk is passed on to other people, other machines and other locations.
    (AP, 9/1/07)(SFC, 9/3/07, p.C3)

1982        James Lovelock's monograph "Ultrasensitive Chemical Detectors" was in Applied Atomic Collision Physics 5 (1982): 2-29.
    (NOHY, 3/90, p.290)

1982        Dr. Stanley B. Prusiner, neurologist, reported the discovery of an infectious agent that linked certain animal and human diseases. His lab identified a tiny molecule in the membrane of cells that he called a proteinaceous infected particle, or prion for short. In 1996 it is suspected that this is the agent involved in the bovine mad-cow disease and the rare human Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease.
    (WSJ, 3/25/96, p.B7C)

1982        The bacteria E. coli O157:H7, a renegade strain of the normally harmless group, was first identified. People in Michigan and Oregon were sickened by the bacteria that caused bloody diarrhea and devastating kidney failure. The organism attacks the lining of the colon, exposing blood vessels and causing them to bleed. It is believed to reside normally in the stomachs of cattle. It kills an estimated 61 American each year.
    (WSJ, 7/15/96, p.B1)(SFC, 11/1/96, p.A4)(SFC, 10/15/03, p.A25)

c1982    Two Australian doctors, Barry Marshall and Robin Warren, discovered Helicobacter pylori, a bacterium that was later shone to cause stomach ulcers.
    (SFC, 8/7/97, p.A11)

1982        The American Cancer Society began a long-term, nationwide study on 1 million Americans who agreed to reveal details of their lives and family histories for cancer research. Additional blood samples were drawn in 1998 on remaining participants.
    (SFC, 7/30/98, p.A1)

1982        Oceanographers aboard the deep submersible Alvin, 1,000 miles off Baja, Ca., located an undersea volcanic vent that was found to contain a new organism called Methanococcus jannaschii and classified as Archaea, distinct from Prokarya and Eukarya.
    (SFC, 8/23/96, p.A21)(SFC, 2/17/01, p.A3)

1982        The United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization published a study on global deforestation. A net loss of 10 million hectares of tropical rain forest was reported.
    (NOHY, 3/90, p.186)

1982        In the US capsules of Tylenol laced with cyanide killed 7 people. This brought about a major effort in safe sealing methods by consumer companies.
    (WSJ, 3/13/97, p.A1)

1982        DeFord Bailey, harmonica player and the first black member of the Grand Ole Opry, died. His first music album was released in 1998.
    (USAT, 6/17/98, p.2D)

1982        Tony Mirra, mobster friend of Donnie Brasco (aka FBI agent Joe Pistone), was shot to death.
    (SFC, 5/10/04, p.A4)

1982        Ayn Rand, writer and founder of the Objectivist philosophy, died at age 77. Rand’s novels included "Atlas Shrugged" and "The Fountainhead." In 1987 Barbara Branden wrote a biography of Rand titled "The Passion of Ayn Rand." In 1999 Nathaniel Branden published "My Years With Ayn Rand," an account of his 18-year relationship with Rand.
    (SFEC, 8/18/96, PM p. 2)(SFC, 10/25/98, p.D8)

1982        Umberto Romano (b.1905), Italian born artist, died in NYC.
    (http://americanart.si.edu/search/artist_bio.cfm?StartRow=1&ID=4113)

1982        Hugh Shannon (61), New York cabaret singer, died. A video of his work was made titled: "Hugh Shannon: Saloon Singer."
    (WSJ, 3/12/97, p.A16)

1982        The Friendship Bridge over the Amu Darya River, connecting Afghanistan and Uzbekistan, was built by the Soviets during the Soviet occupation of that country. The bridge was closed in May 1997 when the Taliban forces took control of the city of Mazari Sharif, forcing Uzbek rebels to retreat back to Uzbekistan. It reopened on December 9, 2001.
    (http://tinyurl.com/2qbrbd)(WSJ, 11/21/01, p.A11)

1982        In Algeria earnest work began in Algiers for Africa's second metro after Cairo. The underground metro system opened in 2011.
    (AFP, 10/31/11)

1982        In Angola a 520-megawatt hydroelectric plant was inaugurated in Capanda. It was expected to go online in 2009.
    (Econ, 1/5/08, Angola p.4)

1982        Austrian Gaston Glock (b.1929) created his semiautomatic Glock handgun.
    (SSFC, 1/8/12, p.F6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glock_pistol)
1982        Austrian Dietrich Mateschitz (b.1944), who had become aware of "tonic drinks" while traveling in Asia, got the idea for the Red Bull energy drink business while sitting at the bar in the Mandarin Hotel in Hong Kong. In the 1970s T.C. Pharmaceuticals of Thailand, founded by Chaleo Yoovidhya, had formulated an energy drink prototype called Krathing Daeng, or Red Bull in English. Mateschitz and Yoovidhya started selling the drink in Austria in 1987.
    (AFP, 3/17/12)

1982        The jellyfish-like creature, Mnemiopsis leidyi, arrived in Black Sea, probably in the ballast water of a cargo ship, and began to devastate the ecology of the almost closed ecosystem.
    (SFEC,12/797, p.A22)

1982        Leonel Brizola (1922-2004), former governor of Rio Grande do Sul (1959-1962), was elected governor of Rio de Janeiro state. He was elected governor again in 1990.
    (SFC, 6/24/04, p.B6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leonel_Brizola)

1982        Caryl Churchill (b.1938), English dramatist, wrote “Top Girls.” Here she used a dinner party of historical female martyrs to consider some empty promises of feminism and the rise of selfish ambition.
    (Econ, 2/15/14, p.79)
1982        The far right British National Party (BNP) emerged from the National Front.
    (Econ, 4/23/05, p.55)
1982        Sir Oliver Franks, former British diplomat, led a public inquiry into the Falklands war.
    (Econ, 11/12/05, p.78)
1982        In Britain Stephenson Bros. was founded and produced reproductions of Victorian rocking horses.
    (SFC,12/24/97, Z1 p.6)

1982        Burma enacted a Citizenship Act. It used a list inherited from British colonialist and did not recognize Rohingyas, the Muslim minority in Rakhine state, as an ethnic group leaving them stateless.
    (Econ, 11/3/12, p.14, 44)(Econ, 4/5/14, p.36)

1982        In Cambodia the Khmer Rouge and 2 non-Communist groups formed a resistance coalition with Sihanouk as a figurehead leader. The UN recognized it as the government of Cambodia.
    (SFC, 6/14/97, p.A15)

1982        In Chile an economic crises caused the establishment of capital controls and a minimum permanence period for foreign capital of ten years.
    (WSJ, 10/1/98, p.A17)

1982        Sterling Seagrave authored "The Soong Dynasty," a history of China’s rich and powerful Soong family.
    (SFC, 1/27/00, p.E5)
1982        In China Yu Qiuli was made deputy secretary general of the Central Military Commission, which controlled the army.
    (SFC, 2/6/99, p.A21)
1982        China and Britain began negotiations on Hong Kong’s future.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transfer_of_the_sovereignty_of_Hong_Kong)
1982        The China National Offshore Oil Corp. (CNOOC) was formed to develop offshore oil and gas fields.
    (WSJ, 7/31/06, p.B1)
1982        TCL was founded in China to make magnetic tape in response to the mainland’s hunger for music coming in from Hong Kong and Taiwan. It soon expanded to television manufacturing. In 2004 it entered into a joint venture (TTE) with Thompson Electronics of France. The company suffered heavy losses as flat screen televisions entered the market.
    (Econ, 11/4/06, p.78)

1982        In Colombia the National Indigenous Organization (ONIC) was set up as a lobbying group for legal advice to Indians and for representation before national authorities.
    (SFC, 3/30/98, p.A10)

1982        Cocos Island was made a national park of Costa Rica. It is 9-sq. miles and located 300 miles off the Coast of Central America.
    (SFC, 7/29/00, p.E3)

1982        In Denmark the monetary policy was tied to the German mark.
    (WSJ, 2/6/98, p.A1)

1982        Ten goats were abandoned on Ecuador’s Galapagos Isabella Island and by 2002 increased to over 100,000.
    (SSFC, 12/22/02, p.M6)

1982        In El Salvador 3 police officers arrested 6 university students, held them in a clandestine prison and tried to kill them. The officers became fugitives in Oct 1996 when faced with the accusations.
    (SFC, 1/31/97, p.A14)
1982        In El Salvador 10 police officers were involved in the killing of a Nicaraguan mechanic and a Honduran farmer suspected of transporting arms to rebels in El Salvador. They were charged with the murders in July 1995.
    (SFC, 1/31/97, p.A14)

1982        In Egypt the Soviet built turbine blades of the Aswan High Dam cracked. The US gave the Egyptian government 85 million dollars to replace the blades. It was expected that the generators be functional by 1990. Heavy evaporation has caused Lake Nasser to become more saline.
    (NG, May 1985, R. Caputo, p.602)

1982        In Egypt the Multinational Force and Observers (MFO) was created as part of a peacekeeping mission on the Sinai Peninsula following the 1979 Camp David Accord between Egypt and Israel.
    (SFEC, 12/19/99, Par p.4)

1982        In El Salvador 3 police officers arrested 6 university students, held them in a clandestine prison and tried to kill them. The officers became fugitives in Oct 1996 when faced with the accusations.
    (SFC, 1/31/97, p.A14)
1982        In El Salvador 10 police officers were involved in the killing of a Nicaraguan mechanic and a Honduran farmer suspected of transporting arms to rebels in El Salvador. They were charged with the murders in July 1995.
    (SFC, 1/31/97, p.A14)

1982        Thich Nhat Hanh, a Vietnamese Zen master, founded Plum Village, a Buddhist community in southern France.
    (SFC, 10/12/97, Z1 p.3)
1982        Holocaust victims filed suit against Maurice Papon and Bordeaux prosecutors opened investigations.
    (AP, 9/18/02)
1982        The French firm JC Decaux invented the self-cleaning toilet.
    (SFC, 8/18/96, p.B5)
1982        France launched Minitel, a national videotex communications network. It became outdated with the rise of the Internet and was scheduled to close in 2011. During the first half of 1982, the Division of l'lnformatique Parlementaire studied the feasibility of an internal videotex system for the Chamber of Deputies in France and in September 1982, M. Louis Mexandeau, Minister of the PTT gave his support to the project. On 30 October 1982, the Bureau of the Assemblée Nationale approved implementation in two phases; first of 100 terminals; and secondly equipment to support all deputies with constituencies in metropolitan France.
    (Econ, 9/4/10, p.18)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Minitel)

1982        Germany’s Chancellor Helmut Kohl discussed a secret plan with Margaret Thatcher to reduce the number of Turks living in West Germany by 50 percent. This information was not made public until 2013 when released British documents were cited by Spiegel Online.
    (Reuters, 8/1/13)
1982        The German Otto family purchased the Chicago-based Spiegel catalog retailer.
    (WSJ, 3/2/04, p.A6)
1982        Klaus Jacobs (1936-2008), head of the German coffee dealer Jacobs AG, orchestrated the takeover of Switzerland’s Interfood SA, maker of the Toblerone candy bar. In 1990 Philip Morris bought Jacobs Suchard for $3.8 billion. Klaus went on to buy a Swiss staffing firm and in 1996 merged it with France’s Ecco SA to form Adecco SA, which became one of the world’s largest staffing firms.
    (WSJ, 9/20/08, p.A12)

1982        The Guatemalan civil war reached its peak. The Civilian Self-Defense Patrol was activated under dictator Gen’l. Efrain Rios Montt.
    (NG, 6/1988, p.776)(SFEC, 10/20/96, A14)
1982        Alfonso Portillo, a Guatemalan professor at the Guerrero Autonomous Univ. in Mexico, shot and killed 2 political adversaries outside a party. In 1999 Portillo ran as a presidential candidate for the Guatemalan Republican Front and said he had acted in self defense.
    (SFC, 9/8/99, p.A15)

1982        In Honduras rebels, during the height of conflict, kidnapped 104 businessmen and officials.
    (SFEC, 3/7/99, p.A22)

1982        Iran’s Islamic Azad University was founded. An endowment, or vaqf in Farsi, was set up  by the university board in 2009, shortly after national elections, to keep it independent in the face of the rising power of hardliners.
    (AP, 10/12/10)

1982        In Israel the Jewish town of Misgav was built on land seized from the Palestinians over 3 decades. Its 7,000 Jewish residents have jurisdiction over 183,000 dunams (a quarter-acre), while the area’s 200,000 Arabs reside on 200,000 dunams.
    (MT, Fall. ‘97, p.16)

1982        Beirut burned as Israel continued smashing the PLO’s forces.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1982)

1982        In Japan racketeering by a sokaiya was outlawed. Extortion of Japanese firms by sokaiya had been going on for almost a hundred years.
    (SFC, 12/3/97, p.D3)

1982        McDonald's, the US fast food giant,  began operations in Malaysia.
    (AP, 4/29/09)

1982        Mexico’s oil market collapsed.
    (WSJ, 8/22/97, p.A10)

1982        In Monaco an aquarium was emptied that contained the exotic seaweed Caulerpa taxifolia. It mutated and thrived in the Mediterranean Sea and by 1997 occupied 8,000 acres and eliminated everything else. Its growth has tripled annually over the last three years.
    (SFC, 8/26/97, p.E4)

1982        In Nepal Elephant polo began under the direction of Jim Edwards, a jungle safari organizer.
    (WSJ, 1/16/98, p.A1)

1982        The Stichting Ingka Foundation, a Dutch-registered, tax-exempt, non-profit legal entity, was given the shares of Ingvar Kamprad (b.1926), the Swedish founder of IKEA. In 2006 Ingka Holding, a private Dutch-registered company, was the parent of 207 of 235 worldwide IKEA companies, and it belonged to the Stichting Ingka Foundation.
    (Econ, 5/13/06, p.69)(SFC, 4/6/04, p.C3)

1982        Gen’l Emeka Ojukwu, secessionist leader of Biafra during Nigeria's civil war (1967-1970), was pardoned and returned home from exile.
    (Econ, 12/3/11, p.114)

1982        In 2005 Karin Linstad, a leading Norwegian pro-Palestinian activist, said she infiltrated the Israeli intelligence agency Mossad as a double agent in the 1980s. The Oslo newspaper Aftenposten said Mossad had been skeptical of Linstad's offer to act as an agent but was drawn in by her claims of tight contact with leading Palestinians. The newspaper, without citing sources, said she provided information about Palestinians in Beirut, Lebanon, ahead of Israel's 1982 invasion.
    (AP, 10/6/05)

1982        In Oman efforts to breed captive oryx and release them back into the Arabian Peninsula, the only place this species is found, began, a decade after the last one was apparently shot in the wild. By 2011 about 1,000 of the wild Arabian or White Oryx thrived owing to nearly three decades of successful breeding.
    (AP, 6/16/11)

1982        Portugal’s economics began a current account reversal.
    (Econ, 8/19/06, p.64)

1982        Adnan Khashoggi, an arms dealer from Saudi Arabia, settled divorce proceedings with his wife Soraya for $950 million plus property.
    (SFC, 2/14/98, p.E6)(www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/most_curious/article1516355.ece)

1982        In Senegal the Movement of the Democratic Forces (MFDC) began its rebellion.
    (AP, 12/13/11)

1982        Choi Jung-hwa, a South Korean taekwondo master, hired two agents to shoot South Korean President Chun Doo-hwan during a visit to Canada. The plot, however, was detected and Choi went into hiding in Eastern Europe and North Korea. In 1991, he surrendered to Canadian authorities and was sentenced to six years in prison, but was released after one year for good behavior. In 2008 he returned to South Korea.
    (AP, 9/9/08)

1982        A UN treaty allowed land-locked countries to use sea routes including providing paid services such as ship registry.
    (AFP, 4/3/12)

1982        The Vatican named Opus Dei a personal prelature, in recognition of its global presence of priests and lay faithful who carry out the mission of promoting holiness in ordinary life.
    (AP, 6/14/12)
1982        The Vatican Bank, aka Works for Religion (IOR), was involved in the collapse of Italy’s Banko Ambrosiano.
    (Econ, 7/12/14, p.67)

1982        In Zambia Lusaka Archbishop Emmanuel Milingo resigned under pressure for his faith healings and exorcisms. He was brought to Rome as a functionary and retired in 2000. In 2001 he (71) married Marie Sung (43) of South Korea in a NYC wedding conducted by the Rev. Sun Myung Moon.
    (SFC, 5/28/01, p.A7)(SFC, 8/31/01, p.D5)

1982        Zimbabwe granted landowners proprietorship over wildlife and allowed hunting. Since then the elephant population has increased from 40 to 50 thousand.
    (WSJ, 7/23/96, p.A22)

1982-1983    60 Minutes was again the top ranking network show on television with a ranking of 25.5%.
    (WSJ, 4/24/95, p.R-5)

1982-1983    El Nino, a warming of eastern tropical Pacific Ocean, was the most severe warming in 50 years. In Peru El Nino weather caused about $1 billion in damage.
    (SFC, 8/14/97, p.A1)(SFC, 2/7/98, p.A10)

1982-1984    Edward J. Malatesta S.J. (d.1998 at 66) worked on the China Jesuit History Project and then founded the Ricci Institute for Chinese-Western Cultural History as part of the USF Center for the Pacific Rim.
    (SFC, 2/9/98, p.A19)
1982-1984    In Guatemala six people who were abducted and presumably killed during the country's civil war. In 2009 Felipe Cusanero was convicted and sentenced to 25 years for each victim who disappeared during this period from the village of Choatalum.
    (AP, 9/2/09)

1982-1986    In the Dominican Rep. Salvador Jorge Blanco (1926-2010) served as president. In 1991 he was  convicted of corruption under a political antagonist's administration. In 2001 he was declared innocent by an appeals court. Blanco's single term in office was marked by severe economic problems that lingered despite his austerity policies backed by the International Monetary Fund and rescheduling of one-third of the Caribbean country's $3 billion foreign debt.
    (AP, 12/26/10)

1982-1987    The Matabeleland atrocities occurred when the Zimbabwe government of Robert Mugabe sent in its North Korean trained Fifth Brigade to terrorize the Ndebele-speaking region of Matabeleland, that supported opponent Joshua Nkomo. Some 200 guerrillas of the minority Ndebele tribe in Matabeleland province, fought troops of Pres. Mugabe and as many as 20,000 civilians were killed. The terror ended in 1987 when Nkomo reconciled with Mugabe. In 1999 Mugabe ordered provincial officials to prepare compensation claims for the victims of army atrocities.
    (SFC, 5/30/97, p.A15)(SFEC, 11/21/99, p.A14)(WSJ, 3/13/02, p.A16)(AP, 12/10/05)

1982-1988    Terence A. McEwen (d.1998 at 69) directed the SF Opera.
    (SFC, 9/18/98)

1982-1989    Alan C. Nelson (d.1997) served as head of the federal INS. In 1994 he co-authored California’s Proposition 187, an initiative to deny health and education benefits to illegal immigrants.
    (SFC, 2/1/97, p.A23)

1982-1989    George Shultz served as the US Sec. of State under Ronald Reagan.
    (SFEM,11/2/97, p.8)

1982-1991    US Army intelligence manuals of the Army School of the Americas advocated executions, torture, blackmail and other forms of coercion in "Terrorism and the Urban Guerrilla." The school was quartered in Panama until 1984 when it was moved to Fort Benning, Ga.
    (SFC, 9/21/96, p.A3)(SFC,11/17/97, p.A3)

1982-1992    An estimated 35,000 Muslim fighters from 43 countries arrived to fight in the Afghan resistance and to train for fighting in Kashmir.
    (WSJ, 10/12/01, p.A6)
1982-1992    India grew at an average annual rate of 5.2%.
    (Econ, 12/13/08, SR p.8)

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