Return to home1984 Jan 1,
The break-up of AT&T took place as the telecommunications giant
was divested of its 22 Bell System companies under terms of an
antitrust agreement. 8 new companies were formed including US West.
(AP, 1/1/98)(SFEC, 8/16/98,
1984 Jan 1, The Caribbean Basin
Initiative (CBI), a unilateral and temporary United States program
initiated by the 1983 "Caribbean Basin Economic Recovery Act"
(CBERA) came into effect and aimed to provide several tariff and
trade benefits to many Central American and Caribbean countries.
1984 Jan 2, A record 281,981
dominoes were toppled at Furth, W. Germany.
1984 Jan 6, Texaco offered $125
per share for Getty oil stock superseding the Pennzoil offer of
$112.50 per share. It became the biggest merger on record.
(SFC, 1/8/95, p.7)
1984 Jan 10, Clara Peller
(1902-1987) 1st asked: "Where's the Beef?," as part of a TV ad for
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Where's_the_beef%3F)(AH, 6/07, p.11)
1984 Jan 10, The United States
and the Vatican established full diplomatic relations for the first
time in 117 years.
(AP, 1/10/98)(HN, 1/10/99)
1984 Jan 10, In Colorado
Patricia Louise Smith (50) was killed by a hammer blow in Lakewood.
About a week later another hammer was used to kill Bruce and Debra
Bennet and their daughter (7) in Aurora. In 2018 DNA evidence
identified Alexander Christopher, a Nevada inmate, as the killer.
(SFC, 8/11/18, p.A6)
1984 Jan 13, Arizona inmate
Robert Henry Moormann beat, stabbed and suffocated his adoptive
mother, Roberta Moormann (74), who allegedly sexually abused him
into adulthood. He was out of prison in Florence on furlough for
another crime, the kidnapping and molesting of an 8-year-old girl in
1972. Robert Henry Moormann was executed in 2012.
1984 Jan 14, Ray Kroc (b.1902),
founder of MacDonalds and owner San Diego Padres, died.
1984 Jan 15, Police raided the
vacation home of Paul and Linda McCartney (1941-1998) following a
tip. Both were arrested on possession of cannabis.
1984 Jan 17, The US Supreme
Court sided with Sony and ruled, 5 to 4, that the private use of
Sony’s Betamax home video cassette recorders to tape television
programs did not violate federal copyright laws because they were
“capable of substantial non-infringing uses."
(AP, 1/17/02)(SFC, 4/8/02, p.E1)(Econ, 4/2/05,
1984 Jan 19, In SF seven
Municipal Railway workers were arrested by police who saw them
skimming money from locked fare boxes at the Kirkland yard near
Fisherman’s Wharf. Estimates of losses for the year ran from
$500,000 to $2 million.
(SSFC, 1/18/09, DB p.50)
1984 Jan 20, Johnny Weissmuller
(79), Romania-born US swimmer (Olympics-5 gold-1924, 28), movie
actor (Tarzan), died in Acapulco, Mexico. In 2002 his son
(1940-2006) published “Tarzan, My Father."
1984 Jan 22, The American TV
series "Airwolf" premiered with Jan-Michael Vincent.
1984 Jan 24, Apple Computer Inc
unveiled its Macintosh personal computer. It included sound-sampling
technology that could play recorded sounds. The CPU had a speed of 8
MHz and 128k of RAM. It sold for $2,495.
(WSJ,11/14/94, p.R26)(WSJ, 3/4/97, p.B1)(SFC,
1984 Jan 25, President Reagan
endorsed the development of the first U.S. permanently manned space
1984 Jan 29, President Ronald
Reagan announced that he would run for a second term.
1984 Jan 29, It was reported
that SF Muni administrators were rushing to implement a $1.9 million
security plan due to major losses from lax security at its
(SSFC, 1/25/09, DB p.50)
1984 Jan 29, The Soviets issued
a formal complaint against alleged U.S. arms treaty violations.
1984 Jan, The US stock market
began a 7 month decline of 15%.
1984 Jan, An FBI lie detector
test was administered to Wen Ho Lee, a scientist at Los Alamos. He
failed an initial test to determine whether he had contact with
foreign intelligence services or inappropriately shared information.
He passed a 2nd test.
(SFC, 5/6/99, p.A1)
1984 Jan, In Nigeria Arthur
Judah Angel (21) was beaten and thrown behind bars when he went to
visit a friend who had been taken into custody at a neighborhood
police station. He failed to pay a bribe and was sentenced to death.
During his time in prison he made drawings and witnessed the
hangings of over 450 fellow inmates. After a series of appeals he
was released in February 2000. Rights groups from around the world
have used his surviving 51 death row works to lobby for the
abolition of the death sentence.
1984 Jan, The Soviet KGB
reaffirmed a priority that was set by the Kremlin after the second
world war: “Our chief task is to help frustrate the aggressive
intentions of American imperialism… We must work unweariedly at
exposing the adversary’s weak and vulnerable points."
(Econ, 12/17/16, p.24)
1984 Feb 2, In Venezuela Pres.
Jaime Lusinchi took office as the country’s 57th president and
continued to 1989.
1984 Feb 3, The Environmental
Protection Agency ordered a ban on the pesticide EDB for grain
1984 Feb 3, Ravindra Mhatre,
India's deputy high commissioner in Britain, was kidnapped in
Birmingham, England. His body was found on Feb 5. A group calling
itself the Kashmir Liberation Army claimed responsibility and
demanded a ransom of 1 million pounds ($1.84 million) and the
release of political prisoners in India.
1984 Feb 7, Space shuttle
astronauts Bruce McCandless II and Robert L. Stewart went on the
first untethered space walk.
1984 Feb 8, Winter Olympics
opened in Sarajevo.
1984 Feb 8, Philippe Aries
(b.1914), French medievalist and historian of the family and
childhood, died. His books included Essais sur l'histoire de la mort
en Occident: du Moyen Âge à nos jours, Seuil (1975). English
translation: Western Attitudes Toward Death from the Middle Ages to
the Present. Patricia M. Ranum (translation). Johns Hopkins
University Press. 1974.
1984 Feb 9, Soviet leader Yuri
V. Andropov (69) died, less than 15 months after succeeding Leonid
Brezhnev. He was succeeded by Konstantin U. Chernenko. US Pres.
Ronald Reagan said he wouldn’t go to any memorial for Andropov: “I
don’t want to honor that prick."
(AP, 2/9/99)(Econ, 2/4/06, p.75)
1984 Feb 10, Kevin Andrew
Collins (9) was abducted from a SF street corner. The child’s
picture was among the 1st to appear on milk cartons across the
country. By 2007 Kevin's whereabouts were still unknown, and there
were no new leads in the 23 year-old case. The strain of Kevin's
disappearance and the search for their son eventually led Kevin’s
parents, David and Ann Collins, to divorce. Suspect Dan Therrien
(51) died in 2008.
2/10/06, p.B6)(SFC, 2/7/13, p.A9)
1984 Feb 11, Mohammad Maqbool
Butt, founder of the pro-independence Jammu and Kashmir Liberation
Front (JKLF), was hanged in New Delhi's Tihar jail for the murder of
intelligence officer Ravindra Hareshwa Mhatre. In 2004 Mohammed
Aslam (49) was charged with the kidnap, false imprisonment and
murder of Mhatre.
(AP, 11/4/04)(AFP, 2/11/07)(AP, 2/11/13)
1984 Feb 13, Konstantin
Chernenko was chosen to be general secretary of the Soviet Communist
Party's Central Committee, succeeding the late Yuri Andropov.
(HN, 2/13/98)(AP, 2/13/98)
1984 Feb 14, 6-year-old Stormie
Jones became the world's first heart-liver transplant recipient at
Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh. She lived until November 1990.
1984 Feb 14, Jayne Torvill and
Christopher Dean of Britain won the gold medal in ice dancing at the
1984 Feb 14, In South Africa
under Apartheid rule the Black community at Mogopa was displaced in
a "force removal" action. Some 300 homes and a cluster of community
buildings were bulldozed over.
(WSJ, 3/10/00, p.A1)
1984 Feb 15, Ethel Merman (76),
singer, actress (Kid Million), died in her sleep.
1984 Feb 19, The USSR
performed a nuclear test at Eastern Kazakhstan, Semipalitinsk.
1984 Feb 22, A 12-year-old
Houston boy known publicly only as "David," died 15 days after being
removed from the bubble for a bone-marrow transplant. He had spent
most his life in a plastic bubble because he had no immunity to
1984 Feb 22-1984 Mar 16, Iran’s
offensive Operation Kheibar captured the Iraqi Majnoon Islands in
the Haur al-Hawizeh marshes. Britain and the US sent warships to the
Persian Gulf following an Iranian offensive against Iraq.
1984 Feb 23, Two oceanic
conservation groups reported that SF Bay Area fishermen have caught
only 10-12% of their 10,000 ton herring quota as they passed more
than halfway through the fishing season. Quotas had doubled since
1977 and they were concerned that the herring stocks may be at the
point of no return. The herring was harvested primarily for their
roe, which fetched up to $500 a ton and was eagerly sought by
(SSFC, 2/22/09, DB p.54)
1984 Feb 25, In Cubatao, Sao
Paulo, Brazil, an explosion from a gasoline leak in a pipeline
burned a nearby shantytown with than 500 deaths.
(HSAB, 1994, p.46)
1984 Feb 26, Reverend Jesse
Jackson acknowledged that he had called NYC: "Hymietown."
1984 Feb 26, Last US marines in
multinational peace-keeping force in Lebanon left Beirut.
1984 Feb 28, New Hampshire held
its presidential primary. Ronald Reagan won with 86.1% of the total
vote. Gary Hart won the Democratic tally over Walter Mondale and
1984 Feb 29, Liberace's
palimony suit was thrown out of court.
1984 Feb 29, Canadian Prime
Minister Pierre Elliott Trudeau announced he was stepping down after
more than 15 years in power.
1984 Feb 29-1984 Mar 1, In one
of the largest battles of the Iran-Iraq war, the two armies clashed
and inflicted more than 25,000 fatalities on each other.
1984 Feb 29, In Switzerland a
court ruled that the villagers of Zermatt owned the Matterhorn.
(SFC, 2/29/00, p.A1)
1984 Feb, During a truth
commission in Kenya in 2011 human rights groups and residents said
up to 3,000 people died in February 1984 in a government-sanctioned
operation meant to crack down on ethnic Somalis who were holding
illegal weapons. The killings occurred at Wagalla airstrip, a town
some 310 miles (500 km) northeast of Nairobi.
1984 Feb, Ravindra Mhatre,
India's deputy high commissioner in Britain, was murdered in
Birmingham, England. A group calling itself the Kashmir Liberation
Army claimed responsibility and demanded a ransom of 1 million
pounds ($1.84 million) and the release of political prisoners in
1984 Mar 1, NASA launched
Landsat-D Prime (Landsat 5) to map the Earth.
1984 Mar 1, Jackie Coogan
(b.1914), actor (Uncle Fester-Addams Family), died.
1984 Mar 2, One of the first
McDonald's franchises was closed in Des Plaines, IL.
1984 Mar 3, Peter Ueberroth
(b.1937) was elected baseball commissioner, effective Oct 1.
1984 Mar 5, The US Supreme
Court ruled that cities have the right to display the Nativity scene
as part of their Christmas display.
1984 Mar 5, The US accused Iraq
of using poison gas against Iran. Iraq had used tabun against Iran.
This was the first use ever of a nerve agent in war.
1984 Mar 5, Tito Gobbi
(b.1923), Italian baritone (Scarpia in Tosca), died.
1984 Mar 6, Martin Niemoller
(92), German U-boat captain, anti-Nazi minister, died.
1984 Mar 12, Lebanese President
Gemayel opened the second meeting in five years calling for the end
to nine-years of war.
1984 Mar 15, The acquittal of a
Miami police officer on charges of negligently killing a ghetto
youth sparked a rampage by angry blacks in Miami; 550 people were
1984 Mar 16, William Buckley,
the CIA station chief in Beirut, was kidnapped by gunmen; he died in
1984 Mar 16, Mozambique and
South Africa signed a pact banning support for one another's
1984 Mar 17, Iraq used tabun
against Iran. This was the first use ever of a nerve agent in a
1984 Mar 19, The TV show "Kate
& Allie" premiered.
1984 Mar 19, The SS Mobil Oil
spilled 200,000 gallons of oil into the Columbia River near
1984 Mar 20, An indictment was
unsealed against Denny McLain, former Detroit Tiger pitching star,
on various charges of racketeering. McLain was named in all
the indictment's five counts, which accused him of racketeering,
conspiracy, extortion, possession and distribution of cocaine, and
conspiracy to import cocaine. He would face up to 90 years in prison
if convicted of all the charges.
1984 Mar 21, A ground-breaking
ceremony was held as part of NYC’s Central Park was named Strawberry
Fields honoring John Lennon.
1984 Mar 21, A Soviet submarine
crashed into the USS Kitty Hawk off the coast of Japan.
1984 Mar 25, Jose Napoleon
Duarte (1925-1990), a Christian Democrat political moderate, was
elected president of El Salvador following 5 years of military rule.
1984 Mar 26, US Congress
established the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation to distribute
funds for wildlife and environmental projects.
1984 Mar 27, "Starlight
Express," a techno musical, roller-skating venture by Andrew Lloyd
Weber and Richard Stilgoe, premiered at the Apollo Victoria Theatre,
1984 Mar 28, Zoe, the 1st
frozen-embryo child, was born in Melbourne, Australia. Scientists
reported the birth 2 weeks later.
1984 Mar 29, The NFL Baltimore
Colts moved to Indianapolis.
1984 Mar, A storm system
spawned 22 twisters in the Carolinas that killed 57 people,
including 42 in North Carolina, and injured hundreds.
1984 Mar, William Potts, on a
Miami-bound Piedmont Airlines flight that originated in Newark,
N.J., pushed his call button and gave the flight attendant a note
saying he had two accomplices aboard with explosives. He hijacked
the plane to Cuba, where he was arrested and served 13½ years in
prison. In 2013 he returned to the US to face piracy charges.
1984 Mar, Hafez Assad,
president of Syria, appointed his brother Rifaat as one of Syria's
three Vice-presidents (a relatively powerless position) and issued a
decree transferring his command of the Defense Companies to another
1984 Apr 1, Stewart Brand and
Larry Brilliant launched the Well (Whole Earth ‘Lectronic Link) in
Sausalito. In La Jolla, Ca., Larry Brilliant, physician and head of
Network Technologies Int’l. in Michigan, pitched the idea for a
public computer conferencing system to Stewart Brand, publisher of
the Whole Earth Catalog. Their meeting led to the 1985 founding of
"The Well" online service that operated as a collection of
conferences. It used the PicoSpan conferencing software. In 2001
Katie Hafner authored "The Well: A Story of Love, Death and Real
Life in the Seminal Online Community."
(Wired, 5/97, p.100)(SSFC, 5/27/01, DB p.69)
1984 Apr 1, Marvin P. Gay Sr.
(d.1998 at 84) shot and killed his son, Motown singer Marvin Gaye
during an argument in Los Angeles. It was one day before the
singer’s 45th birthday. Gaye’s hit songs included "I Heard It
Through the Grapevine," "What’s Going On," and "Let’s Get It On."
Mr. Gay pleaded voluntary manslaughter and was sentenced to 5 years
(SFC, 10/27/98, p.B6)
1984 Apr 3, Coach John Thompson
of Georgetown University became the first African-American coach to
win an NCAA basketball tournament.
1984 Apr 5, In California Tina
Faelz (14) was stabbed to death in a culvert under I-680 while she
was walking home from school in Pleasanton. Fellow students
discovered her body shortly afterward. On Aug 8, 2011, the
Pleasanton Police Department announced that Steven J. Carlson (43),
a former classmate of the Foothill High student has been arrested in
her killing. In 2012 his case was transferred to adult court. On Oct
30, 2014, Carlson was convicted of first-degree murder.
(SFC, 8/9/11, p.A1)(SFC, 1/11/12, p.C3)(SFC,
1984 Apr 5, Arthur Travers
("Bomber") Harris (b.1892), marshal of British RAF, died.
1984 Apr 6, Pioneer Courthouse
Square opened in Portland.
(SFC, 7/24/97, p.A6)
1984 Apr 6, 1st time 11 people
1984 Apr 6, In SF Joan Baldwin
(43) was killed and mutilated at an Earl Scheib paint shop at 555
Bryant St. In 2006 police arrested parolee Dwight Culton (57) based
on DNA evidence.
(SFC, 11/22/06, p.B4)
1984 Apr 7, Frank Church
(b.1924), Sen-D-Idaho, (1957-81), died.
1984 Apr 8, In the 4th Golden
Raspberry Awards: “The Lonely Lady" won.
1984 Apr 10, The US Senate
condemned the January CIA mining of Nicaraguan harbors.
1984 Apr 10, In San Francisco
Mei “Linda" Leung (9) was kidnapped, raped and killed. Her body was
found hanging over a pipe in the baxement of her apartment building
at 765 O’Farrell St. In 2009 DNA evidence tied Richard Ramirez
(b.1960), known as the “Night Stalker," to her murder. The evidence
also indicated a possible 2nd attacker.
(SFC, 10/23/09, p.A1)
1984 Apr 11, Konstantin U.
Chernenko (1911-1985) was named Chairman of the Presidium of the
1984 Apr 13, Pete Rose, playing
for the Montreal Expos, became the 1st NL baseball player to get
4,000 hits in a career, joining Ty Cobb to become only the second
player to enter the 4000 hit club.
1984 Apr 13, Christopher
Wilder, FBI's "most wanted man," accidentally killed himself.
1984 Apr 15, William Empson
(b.1926), English literary critic and poet, died. His 1950 book,
“Seven Types of Ambiguity," changed literary criticism. In 2005 John
Haffenden authored “William Empson: Volume I, Among the Mandarins."
In 2006 Haffenden completed Vol II, “William Empson: Against the
1984 Apr 16, In San Francisco
nearly 200 people were arrested as some 1,000 demonstrators
protested the noon speech by Henry Kissinger as the SF Hilton Hotel.
“I believe that, within the next 12 to 15 months, there is every
possibility that significant negotiations with the Soviet Union will
4/12/09, DB p.43)
1984 Apr 17, Yvonne Fletcher
(25), a British police officer, was killed from rifle shots fired
from a window of the Libyan embassy in London during a demonstration
against Moammar Khadafy. Diplomatic relations were soon severed and
not restored until 1999. Libya later gave Fletcher’s family some
compensation. In 2004 a joint British-Libyan investigation into the
murder was launched. In 2009 Moamer Kadhafi officially
apologized for the shooting. In 2011 it was reported that a witness
had identified Abdulmagid Salah Ameri, a junior diplomat working in
the administrative section, as firing a gun from an embassy window.
On Nov 19, 2015, a Libyan was arrested on suspicion of conspiracy in
the Fletcher case.
(SFC, 7/8/99, p.A8)(SFEC, 4/9/00, p.C12)(AP,
4/7/04)(AFP, 10/26/09)(AFP, 8/26/11)(SFC, 11/20/15, p.A5)
1984 Apr 20, Julie Connell
(18), a senior at Arroyo High School, disappeared in Hayward. Her
body was found 5 days later in Palomares Canyon near Castro Valley.
In 2000 DNA evidence revealed that Robert Rhoades (47), a Yuba City
man on death row, had kidnapped, raped and stabbed her to death.
Rhoades was convicted in 2007.
(SFC, 1/26/00, p.A14)(SFC, 3/13/07, p.B3)(SFC,
1984 Apr 22, The US Centers for
Disease Control (CDC) said French researchers had discovered that a
virus causes AIDS. Scientists identified a retrovirus named human
immunodeficiency virus (HIV) as the cause of AIDS.
(SSFC, 6/3/01, p.A20)(www.avert.org/his81_86.htm)
1984 Apr 22, Ansel Adams
(b.1902), US photographer, died in Monterey, Ca. He was best known
for his black and white photographs of California's Yosemite Valley.
1984 Apr 23, US Health
Secretary Margaret Heckler said the AIDS-virus was identified as the
cause of acquired immune deficiency syndrome. [see Apr 21]
1984 Apr 24, Apple leaders
Steve Jobs. Steve Wozniak and John Scully introduced the new $1295
Apple IIc personal computer at San Francisco’s Moscone Center.
(SFC, 3/25/17, p.C1)
1984 Apr 25, Richard Benedict
(b.1920), Italian-born TV and film actor, died of a heart attack.
1984 Apr 26, Pres. Reagan
arrived in China for the start of a 6-day visit.
1984 Apr 26, An earthquake hit
the SF Bay Area. It measured 6.2 on the Richter scale and was
centered in Morgan Hill.
(SSFC, 4/19/09, DB p.54)
1984 Apr 26, William "Count"
Basie, jazz piano great, died on his 80th birthday. Joe
Williams sang "Come Sunday," Duke Ellington’s prayer for the
liberation of Afro-American people, at the funeral. Conald "Tee"
Carson replaced Basie as the head of the Count Basie Orchestra.
(SFEM, 10/5/7, p.10)(SFC, 2/19/00, p.A21)(MC,
1984 Apr 27, In Oregon Billy
Gilley Jr. (28) murdered his parents and sister (11) with a baseball
bat and ran away with his sister Jody (16). She soon contacted the
police and Billy was arrested. In 2008 Kathryn Harrison authored
“While They Slept: An Inquiry into the Murder of a Family."
(SFC, 6/17/08, p.E3)
1984 Apr 28, "La Tragedie de
Carmen" closed at Beaumont Theater in NYC after 187 performances.
1984 Apr 28, Silvia A. Warner
(b.1908), New Zealand-born writer, died. Her 1958 novel “Spinster"
was made into the 1961 film “Two Loves" (also known as The Spinster)
starring Shirley MacLaine.
1984 Apr, Chinese launched
renewed attacks against Vietnam.
1984 Apr, In the Dominican Rep.
rioting erupted over austerity measures and dozens were left dead.
1984 Apr, India sent troops to
occupy the Siachen glacier following suspicious mountaineering
expeditions from Pakistan. Over the next 15 years some 10,000 Indian
and Pakistani casualties, largely due to frostbite and mountain
(SFEC, 5/16/99, p.A25)
1984 May 1, Gordon Jenkins
(b.1910), orchestra leader (NBC Comedy Hour), died of Lou Gehrig's
disease in Malibu, Ca.
1984 May 6, Nicolas Ardito
Barletta was elected president of Panama. Gen. Manuel A. Noriega
reportedly rigged the elections.
1984 May 7, A $180 million
out-of-court settlement was announced in the Agent Orange
class-action suit brought by Vietnam veterans who charged they had
suffered injury from exposure to the defoliant. A consortium of Dow
Chemical and other manufacturers paid $184 million to veterans from
the US, Canada, Australia and New Zealand but not South Korea.
(AP, 5/7/97)(SFC, 11/17/99, p.A18)
1984 May 8, The album "Legend,"
the greatest hits by Bob Marley (1945-1981) and the Wailers, was
released. It became the best-selling reggae record of all time.
1984 May 8, The Thames Barrier
was officially opened by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II. Total
construction cost was around £534 m (£1.3 billion at 2001 prices)
with an additional £100 m for river defenses. It was the world's
largest movable flood barrier until Netherlands completed the
Oosterscheldekering in 1986.
1984 May 8, USSR announced it
would not participate in Summer Olympics planned for Los Angeles.
1984 May 9, In San Francisco a
5-alarm fire engulfed the structures on Pier 30-32 along the
Embarcadero at the foot of Bryant Street. Damages were estimated at
(SSFC, 5/3/09, DB p.50)(SSFC, 5/10/09, DB p.50)
1984 May 10, The International
Court of Justice said the U.S. should halt any actions to blockade
Nicaragua's ports. The U.S. had already said it would not recognize
World Court jurisdiction on this issue.
1984 May 14, Jeane Sauve was
appointed as the 23rd governor-general of Canada. She was the first
woman to hold this position.
(CFA, '96, p.80)
1984 May 15, Thomas Albright
(48), art critic for the SF Chronicle, died. He had just completed
his book “Art in the San Francisco Bay Area 1945-1980."
(SSFC, 5/10/09, DB p.50)
1984 May 16, Andy Kaufman (35),
comedian, died of cancer. He played Latka Gravas in the TV sitcom
1984 May 16, Irwin Shaw
(b.1913), US writer (Rich Man, Poor Man), died in Switzerland.
1984 May 17, A federal bailout
of $4.5 billion kept the Continental Illinois Bank afloat. The 7th
biggest US bank’s loss of half its funds overnight led to America’s
return to strict capital requirements. Continental Illinois was
later sold to BankAmerica.
(WSJ, 9/24/98, p.A16)(Econ, 5/20/06, Survey
1984 May 19, Michael Larson
(1949-1999) won $110,000 on the "Press Your Luck" Game Show. He had
memorized the generated game patterns.
1984 May 19, John Betjeman
(b.1906), British poet, died. In 2004 Bevis Hillier authored a
3-volume biography of Betjeman. In 2006 A.N. Wilson authored a
single volume biography.
1984 May 20, "On Your Toes"
closed at the Virginia Theater in NYC after 505 performances.
1984 May 20, Peter Bull (72),
British actor (Dr Doolittle), died of a heart attack.
1984 May 26, A frisbee was kept
aloft for 16.72 seconds by Don Cain of Philadelphia.
1984 May 28, President Reagan
led a state funeral at Arlington National Cemetery at the Tomb of
the Unknowns for an unidentified American soldier killed in the
Vietnam War. The remains were unearthed in 1998 for DNA testing and
possible identification. They were later identified as those of Air
Force First Lieutenant Michael J. Blassie, and were sent to St.
Louis for hometown burial.
(AP, 5/28/97)(WSJ, 5/15/98, p.A1)(AP, 5/28/01)
1984 May 29, Eric Morecambe
(b.1926), British comedian (Morecambe & Wise), died.
1984 May 30, There was an
assassination attempt on Eden Pastora Gomez, a Nicaraguan
anticommunist revolutionary, by Sandinistas. The Costa Rica
government of Luis Alberto Monge Alvarez failed to make a serious
investigation. Two Costa Ricans, four Nicaraguan rebels and US
journalist Linda Frazier were killed and more than 20 other people
were wounded in the attack at the village of La Penca, near the
Nicaraguan border. In 2011 a former Nicaraguan official confirmed
that Vital Gaguine (d.1989), a leftist Argentine guerrilla, had been
hired by the Sandinistas to kill Pastora.
1984 May, Marta Healy, a
Nicaraguan exile, contacted George Morales, a champion power boat
racer and big-league drug trafficker under indictment in the US, to
arrange a meeting with contra rebels at her Miami home. Her aim was
to broker a deal to help the rebels financially. The rebels got an
ok from the CIA to accept airplanes and cash from the drug dealer
while still receiving CIA money under the table.
1984 May, Hafez Assad,
president of Syria, sent his brother Rifaat on a working visit to
the USSR and ousted Rifaat’s associates at home. Rifaat moved to
Geneva and began conspiring against the regime, reportedly meeting
with Yasser Arafat, his brother's arch enemy at the time. Rifaat
spent most of his time in France, Switzerland and Spain, though he
retained the nominal position of vice-president until February 1998.
He returned to Syria in 1992 following the death of his mother and
stayed there off and on until 1998, when he again went into exile.
1984 Jun 1, "Tattletales"
second run, TV Game Show; last aired on CBS.
1984 Jun 1, President Ronald
Reagan visited Ireland.
1984 Jun 2, B.A. Skiff
discovered asteroid #3617.
1984 Jun 3, In San Francisco
the cable cars on California Street returned to service after nearly
20 months and $58.2 million in re-design and construction costs.
(SSFC, 5/31/09, DB p.50)
1984 Jun 4, DNA was
successfully cloned from a quagga, an animal extinct since 1883.
1984 Jun 5, Indira Gandhi
ordered an attack on Sikh's holiest site, the Golden Temple.
1984 Jun 6, In India government
forces stormed the Golden Temple in Amritsar in an effort to crush
Sikh extremists. At least 1,000 Sikhs and 200 soldiers were killed.
On Feb 4, 2014, Britain acknowledged that it had played an advisory
role to India’s government in the attack.
(AP, 6/6/04)(AP, 2/4/14)
1984 Jun 7, George Givot
(b.1902), actor (Versatile Vaudeville), died.
1984 Jun 12, In San Francisco
the Huntington Falls at Stow Lake in Golden Gate Park was again
turned on after being rebuilt for $846,000 under a state grant. The
1893 falls had collapsed in 1962 and were turned off for 22 years.
(SSFC, 6/7/09, DB p.46)
1984 Jun 18, Alan Berg, a
Denver radio talk show host, was shot to death outside his home. Two
white supremacists of the Aryan Nations Church were convicted of
civil rights violations in the slaying in 1987.
(AP, 6/18/97)(SFC, 2/20/98, p.A9)(SFC, 7/26/02,
1984 Jun 19, The first live TV
appearance by Chief Justice Warren Burger (Nightline).
1984 Jun 22, Richard Branson
led the inaugural flight of his Virgin Airlines from London to
(Econ, 6/16/07, SR p.10)
1984 Jun 24, In San Francisco
the 12th annual Lesbian/Gay Freedom Parade drew an estimated 300,000
observers and participants.
(SSFC, 6/21/09, DB p.50)
1984 Jun 25, In Chevron U.S.A.,
Inc. v. Natural Resources Defense Council, Inc. the US Supreme Court
court gave agencies wide latitude to interpret laws when they are
vaguely written. This became known as the “Chevron deference".
(http://tinyurl.com/ybe4s6o8)(Econ, 3/4/17, p.19)
1984 Jun 26, Carl Foreman
(b.1914), producer, writer (Born Free, High Noon), died of cancer.
1984 Jun 26, Michel Foucault
(b.1926), French philosopher (History of Sexuality), died in Paris
of an AIDs-related illness.
1984 Jun 27, The US Supreme
Court ended the NCAA monopoly on college football telecasts, ruling
such control violated antitrust law.
1984 Jun 28, In Angola the wife
and daughter of activist Marius Schoon were killed by a parcel bomb.
It was sent by Craig Michael Williamson (b1949), a former South
African police major, who was exposed as a spy in 1980.
(Econ, 11/6/10, p.74)
1984 Jun 29, In San Francisco
Hoffman’s Grill on Market Street closed to make way for a 19-story
(SSFC, 6/28/09, DB p.50)
1984 Jun 30, Lillian Hellman
(b.1905), writer, died in Massachusetts. Her work included the play
"The Little Foxes" (1939), and her memoirs "Scoundrel Time" (1976)
and "Pentimento" (1973). The 1977 film "Julia" was based on a
chapter from Pentimento which described Muriel Gardiner, an American
medical student at the Univ. of Vienna active in anti-Nazi
resistance. In 2005 Deborah Martinson authored “Lillian Hellman: A
Life with Foxes and Scoundrels." In 2012 Alice Kessler-Harris
authored “A Difficult Woman: The Challenging Life and Times of
(WSJ, 12/16/98, p.A21)(WSJ, 4/26/99, p.A16)(WSJ,
5/24/99, p.A28)(Econ, 12/17/05, p.82)(Econ, 4/14/12, p.91)
1984 Jun 30, Hedayat Eslaminia,
a former government official under the Shah of Iran, disappeared
while living in exile in Belmont, Ca. The family had reportedly fled
Iran with a fortune in 1978. Hedayat (57) suffocated and died in a
steamer trunk. His son Reza (26), a member of the "Billionaire Boys
Club," was later charged with the abduction and murder. Reza was
convicted and sentenced to life. In 1992 Joe Hunt, head of the club,
was also tried for the killing of Eslaminia, but a hung jury forced
a mistrial. In 1998 Rexa's conviction was overturned based on unfair
evidence and a new trial was scheduled. Arben Dosti’s conviction was
reversed in 1998. A new trial was scheduled for Oct. in San Mateo.
In 2000 charges against Reza Eslaminia were dismissed.
(SFC, 2/19/98, p.A14)(SFC, 4/30/98, p.A24)(SFC,
11/7/00, p.A15)(SSFC, 2/8/04, p.A28)
1984 Jun 30, John Turner,
Liberal Party, was sworn in as Canada's 17th prime minister,
succeeding Pierre Elliott Trudeau.
(CFA, '96, p.81)(AP, 6/30/04)
1984 Jun, In Nevada Gerald
Gallego was found guilty of murder and was sentenced to death.
Charlene Williams, his former accomplice and mother of his child,
testified against Gallego. They were involved in sex-slave murders
in the late 1970s. Charlene was released from prison in 1997.
(SFC,10/28/97, p.A17)(SFC, 1/21/02, p.B2)
1984 Jul 1, Hollywood imposed
its PG-13 rating to cover the middle ground between "PG" for
parental Guidance and "R" for restricted movies.
1984 Jul 1, In Germany Richard
von Weizsaecker (1920-2015) became president and continued to 1994.
1984 Jul 3, The US Supreme
Court ruled that Jaycees may be forced to admit women as members.
1984 Jul 3, Raoul Salan
(b.1899), French general, OAS leader (Algeria), died. Salan was one
of the four Generals who organized the 1961 Algiers Putsch
operation, and then founded the Organization armée secrète (OAS)
1984 Jul 4, The NY Yankee Phil
Niekro became the 9th pitcher to strikeout 3,000 batters.
1984 Jul 5, The Supreme Court
weakened the 70-year-old "exclusionary rule," deciding that evidence
seized with defective court warrants could be used against
defendants in criminal trials.
1984 Jul 9, A fire destroyed
the roof in the south transept of the 12th century York Minster.
Around £2.5 million was spent on repairs. Restoration work was
completed in 1988, and included new roof bosses to designs which had
won a competition organized by BBC Television's Blue Peter program.
1984 Jul 12, Democratic
presidential candidate Walter F. Mondale announced he had chosen
U.S. Rep. Geraldine A. Ferraro of New York to be his running mate;
Ferraro was the first woman to run for vice president on a major
(AP, 7/12/97)(HN, 7/12/98)
1984 Jul 12, Madonna's "Like a
Virgin" video premiered on MTV and became an instant hit.
1984 Jul 14, Al Schacht (91),
baseball player, died. He was known as the Clown prince of baseball.
The former Washington Senators pitcher turned top hat jester had
entertained the crowd before twenty-five World Series and eighteen
1984 Jul 18, Walter F. Mondale
won the Democratic presidential nomination in San Francisco.
1984 Jul 18, James Huberty (41)
opened fire at a McDonald's fast-food restaurant in San Ysidro,
Calif., killing 21 people before being shot dead by police.
(AP, 7/18/97)(SFC, 4/17/07, p.A8)
1984 Jul 19, U.S. Rep.
Geraldine A. Ferraro of New York won the Democratic nomination for
vice president at the party's convention in San Francisco. Pasqua
Coffee sold 16,000 cups of premium coffee from a pushcart at the
Moscone Center. Ferraro soon found herself tarred by the
controversial business relationships of her husband, John Zaccaro.
(AP, 7/19/97)(SFEM, 8/1/99, p.8)(Econ, 3/11/06,
1984 Jul 20, James Fixx
(b.1932), jogger and writer, died of a heart attack while running in
Vermont. His books included “The Complete Book of Running" (1977).
1984 Jul 21, In Jackson,
Michigan, a male die-cast operator (34) was pinned by a hydraulic
Unimate robot. He died after 5 days. This was the 1st documented
case of a robot killing a human in US.
1984 Jul 23, Vanessa Williams
became the first Miss America to resign her title, because of nude
photographs published in Penthouse magazine.
1984 Jul 24, In American Fort,
Utah, Ron and Dan Lafferty stabbed to death their sister-in-law,
Brenda Lafferty, and her daughter Erica, aged 15 months. In 2003 Jon
Krakauer authored "Under the Banner of Heaven," an account of the
murder and the Mormon background of the Laffertys.
(WSJ, 7/11/03, p.W15)
1984 Jul 25, Soviet cosmonaut
Svetlana Savitskaya became the first woman to walk in space. She
carried out more than 3 hours of experiments outside the orbiting
space station Salyut 7.
1984 Jul 26, Ed Gein
(b.1906), mass murderer (movie "Psycho" based on him), died.
1984 Jul 28, The summer
Olympics were held in Los Angeles for the second time. The Russians
along with Cuba and Eastern Bloc countries boycotted the 23rd modern
Olympic games. Iran and Libya also boycotted the games. Taiwan
returned under the name Chinese Taipei. China appeared for the first
time since 1952. The US won 83 gold medals, Romania was 2nd with 20.
Women were allowed to compete in the Olympic marathon for the 1st
time. Joan Benolt of the US won. The 1st Olympic Guide was published
this year by David Wallechinsky. The 5th edition came out in 2000.
(WSJ, 7/19/96, p.R6)(SFC, 7/14/96, Par p.4)(WSJ,
7/28/00, p.W9)(SSFC, 4/13/03, p.F1)(NG, 8/04, Geographica)(WSJ,
1984 Jul 28, Bess Flowers
(b.1898), American film actress, died.
1984 Jul 30, Holly Roffey (11
days old) received a heart transplant in England. She died on Aug
1984 Jul 30, The British tanker
Alvenus spilled 2.8 million gallons of oil at Cameron, La.
1984 Jul, In Australia Margaret
Tapp was strangled and her daughter Seana raped and later killed. In
2008 Melbourne police withdrew charges against Russell John Gesah,
accused in the murders, after DNA evidence used against him was
found to have been taken elsewhere and mistakenly tested with
samples from the Tapp murder scene.
1984 Jul-1985 May, Seven men,
three women and two children were tortured killed in Calaveras
County, Ca., at the home of Leonard Lake as part of "Project
Miranda," inspired by the John Fowles novel, "The Collector." Lake
killed himself with cyanide during a police interview. Charles Ng
was arrested in Canada in 1985 for stealing and extradited to the US
after 6 years for his role in the murders.
(SFC,10/18/97, p.A13)(SFC, 10/25/98, p.A5)
1984 Aug 3, In Pennsylvania
Barbara Rowan (14) was raped and killed. Her body was found two
weeks after she went missing in Bensalem, Bucks County. In 2015
George Franz Shaw (55) and Robert Scott Sanders were arrested for
her rape and murder.
1984 Aug 4, In Germany Robert
Brown (24), a former American soldier, struck Nicola Stiel (19) and
raped her, then strangled her to prevent her from reporting the
rape. In 2009 Brown was extradited to Germany to face charges that
he raped and murdered the woman near where he worked on a US
military base in Hesse state.
1984 Aug 5, Stage and film
actor Richard Burton (58) died of a cerebral hemorrhage at a
hospital in Geneva, Switzerland. In 2012 “The Richard Burton
Diaries," edited by Chris Williams, were published.
(AP, 8/5/97)(SSFC, 11/11/12, p.F5)
1984 Aug 11, In LA, Ca., Carl
Lewis (b.1961) duplicated Jesse Owens' 1936 feat with 4 Olympic
track gold medals.
1984 Aug 11, President Reagan
sparked controversy when he joked during a voice test for a paid
political radio address: "My fellow Americans, I'm pleased to
tell you today that I've signed legislation that will outlaw Russia
forever. We begin bombing in five minutes."
1984 Aug 11, Alfred A. Knopf
(91), US publisher, died.
1984 Aug 11, Percy Mayfield
(b.1920), songwriter and blues artist, died. His songs included "Hit
the Road Jack" and "Please Send Me Someone to Love."
1984 Aug 12, In San Francisco a
driver on an apparent suicide mission smashed head-on into a packed
cable car climbing the Hyde Street hill. The driver, an Iranian
alien, was killed and at least 23 people were injured.
(SSFC, 8/2/09, DB p.42)
1984 Aug 14, IBM released PC
DOS version 3.0.
1984 Aug 16, A federal jury in
Los Angeles acquitted auto maker John Z. DeLorean of trafficking in
cocaine due to entrapment.
1984 Aug 18, A Triangle Oil
Corp. above-ground storage tank at Jacksonville, Fla., spilled 2.5
million gallons of oil and burned after lightning sparked a fire.
1984 Aug 22, The Republican
convention in Dallas renominated Ronald Reagan.
1984 Aug 22, In Fairfield, Ca.,
Clark Handa (3) was abducted from his home. The kidnapper left a
note demanding money, but no one ever contacted the family and Clark
was never seen again. On April 25, 2016, Michael Fejarang (55), a
state prison inmate serving time for child molestations, was charged
with the kidnapping.
(SFC, 4/27/16, p.D2)
1984 Aug 22, The VW plant at
Westmoreland, Pa., produced its last Volkswagen Rabbit.
1984 Aug 25, Truman Capote
(59), American novelist, playwright, and short story writer, died in
the arms and guest bedroom of Johnny Carson’s ex-wife, Joanne. His
autobiographical novella, "The Grass Harp," was made into a film
directed by Walter Matthau in 1996. He also authored "Other Voices,
Other Rooms," and "Breakfast At Tiffany’s." In 1997 George Plimpton
published his biography: "Truman Capote." In 2004 Gerald Clarke
edited: “Too Brief a Treat: The Letters of Truman Capote."
(SFC, 10/11/96, p.C3)(WSJ, 12/11/97,
p.A21)(SFEC,12/14/97, p.D9)(AP, 8/25/99)(SSFC, 9/19/04, p.M3)
1984 Aug 25, The USSR
performed an underground nuclear test.
1984 Aug 27, President Reagan
announced the Teacher in Space project.
1984 Aug 30, In Florida NASA
launched the US space shuttle Discovery on its 1st mission.
1984 Aug 31, San Francisco 19
plainclothes police officers raided Lord Jim’s bar at 1500 Broadway
and arrested the owner. Patrons and employees were detained for up
to 90 minutes as police checked for warrants. Attorney William
Barfield, one of those detained, later filed 5 of six damage claims
totaling 375,000 against the city. Proposed settlements in 1988
included $63,500 for a dozen people in the first batch of lawsuits.
(SSFC, 9/20/09, DB p.50)(SSFC, 10/13/12, DB p.46)
1984 Aug 31, In southern
California Ebora Alexander (57), the mother or 49ers star Kermit
Alexander, was shot dead along with his sister and two nephews.
Tiequon Cox, a member of the Rollin’ 60 Crips, was later convicted
of the murders and sentenced to death. Two others were sentenced to
life in prison.
1984 Sep 1, Howland Chamberlain
(b.1911), American film actor, died in Oakland, Ca.
1984 Sep 2, "Zorba" closed at
the Broadway Theater in NYC after 362 performances.
1984 Sep 4, Canada's
Progressive Conservatives, led by Brian Mulroney, won a landslide
victory in general elections over the Liberal Party of Prime
Minister John N. Turner.
1984 Sep 5, Robert S. Laurent
(1933-2004) received a left ventricular assist device (LVAD) and was
kept alive for 8 days by the electric heart assist pump until a new
heart became available. Dr. Peer M. Portner (d.2009 at 69) of
Stanford Univ. pioneered the device.
1984 Sep 6, Lanford Wilson's
play "Balm in Gilead," written in 1965, premiered in NYC.
1984 Sep 9, Walter Payton of
the Chicago Bears broke Jim Brown's combined yardage record by
reaching 15,517 yards.
1984 Sep 10, British scientist
Alec Jeffreys and colleagues discovered that x-ray images of bits of
DNA showed patterns unique to individuals. Jeffries, a geneticist at
Leicester Univ., and his research team found that DNA sequences,
specific to individuals, could be identified as visible bands. He
dubbed his findings DNA fingerprinting. This led to the use of DNA
to solve thousands of crimes.
(Econ, 3/13/04, TQ p.34)(SSFC, 9/13/09, p.A17,20)
1984 Sep 13, Simon Peres formed
an Israeli government with Likud. A national unity government (Likud
and Labor) was formed.
(SFC, 4/24/98, p.A17)(http://tinyurl.com/2vs7e2)
1984 Sep 14, Richard Brautigan
(49), writer, died from self-inflicted gunshot wound in Bolinas, Ca.
His work included "Trout Fishing in America" (1967) and A
Confederate General from Big Sur" (1964). In 1989 Keith Abbott
authored the biography: "Downstream from Trout Fishing in America: A
Memoir of Richard Brautigan." In 1999 Edna Webster published "The
Edna Webster Collection of Undiscovered Writings." In 2004 Greg
Keeler authored “Waltzing with the Captain: Remembering Richard
Brautigan. In 2012 William Hjortsberg authored “Jubilee Hitchhiker:
The Life and Times of Richard Brautigan."
(SFC, 10/7/99, p.E1)(SSFC, 8/22/04, p.M3)(SFC,
1984 Sep 14, Janet Gaynor (77),
the first actress to win an Academy Award (1929), died in San
Francisco. She had never fully recovered from a car crash in 1982.
Her 34 movies included “Seventh Heaven" and the first “A Star Is
(SSFC, 9/13/09, DB p.46)
1984 Sep 14, In Georgia Taressa
Stanley, a clerk at a Quickie convenience store in Warner Robbins,
was killed during a robbery. Police soon arrested Timothy R. Johnson
(22) and reportedly frightened him into pleading guilty. Georgia’s
Supreme Court overturned Johnson’s conviction in 2006 and he was
freed in 2013 after a new jury found him not guilty on all charges.
(http://tinyurl.com/nwxssoz)(SFC, 11/12/15, p.A7)
1984 Sep 15, Henry Charles
Albert David, Prince of Wales, 3rd in British succession, was born.
1984 Sep 17, Oil heir Gordon P.
Getty, with a fortune of $4.1 billion dollars, was named the richest
person in the US. There were a dozen billionaires in the US at the
1984 Sep 17, Progressive
Conservative leader Brian Mulroney took office as Canada's 18th
1984 Sep 19, Britain and China
completed a draft agreement on transferring Hong Kong from British
to Chinese rule by 1997.
1984 Sep 20, The TV sitcom
"Cosby Show" with Bill Cosby premiered on NBC-TV.
(SSFC, 2/11/01, BR
1984 Sep 20, In Maine a fire
killed an adult and 4 children in Hartland.
1984 Sep 20, A suicide car
bomber attacked the US Embassy annex in north Beirut. 24 people were
killed including 2 US soldiers.
9/20/97)(SFC, 9/12/01, p.A7)
1984 Sep 21, In Cleveland,
Ohio, Romell Broom (b.1956) raped a murdered Tryna Middleton (14)
after abducting her at knife-point as she walked home from a
football game with friends. His execution in 2009 was delayed as
executioners failed to find a good vein for lethal injection. In
2017 a court re-scheduled his execution for June 17, 2020.
1984 Sep 24, San Francisco's
Hard Rock Café opened at 1699 Van Ness Ave. This was the chain's
third outpost in the US and the sixth in the world. In 2002 it moved
to Pier 39.
(SFC, 3/7/02, p.B1)(SFC, 9/22/18, p.C1)
1984 Sep, In southern
California a man was stabbed to death while sleeping with his
girlfriend in his pickup truck. Girlfriend Saladena Bishop later
identified Andrew Wilson as the murderer. In 2017 a judge threw out
the conviction. In 2017 Wilson (63), who served 32 years of a life
term, filed a civil rights lawsuit accusing Detective Richard Marks
of leading the witness to falsely identify him.
(SFC, 7/6/18, p.D7)
1984 Oct 1, Gary Trudeau's
Doonesbury comic strip resumed after a 2-year hiatus.
1984 Oct 2, Richard W. Miller
became the first FBI agent to be arrested and charged with
espionage. Miller was tried three times; he was sentenced to 20
years in prison, but was released after nine years.
1984 Oct 8, Attorney Cherie
Barnard found Gary Grady, health club owner and drug dealer, shot to
death in Novato, Ca. Later the same day Barnard’s husband Robert
Rogers was found dead of an apparent suicide in the Berkeley Marina.
In 2005 Barnard and Rogers were implicated in the 1979 murder of
Robert Pfiel (27) in Wisconsin.
(SFC, 10/17/05, p.A1)
1984 Oct 9, A cooperation
agreement between the European Community and the Yemen Republic was
signed in Brussels.
1984 Oct 11, August Wilson's
"Ma Rainey's Black Bottom," premiered in NYC.
1984 Oct 11, Space shuttle
Challenger astronaut Kathryn D. Sullivan (b.1951) became the first
American woman to walk in space.
1984 Oct 12, The US
Comprehensive Crime Control Act of 1984 was signed into law. It
established the Department of Justice Assets Forfeiture Fund to
receive the proceeds of forfeiture and to pay the costs associated
with such forfeitures.
1984 Oct 12, The IRA bombed the
hotel where PM Margaret Thatcher was staying in Brighton. Thatcher
escaped but five people were killed. Patrick McGee was sentenced to
8 life sentences for his role in the bombing. McGee was freed in
1999 as part of the Northern Ireland peace accord.
(SFEC, 12/22/96, Z1 p.7)(SFC, 6/23/99,
1984 Oct 14, In the Baseball
World Series the Detroit Tigers beat the San Diego Padres.
1984 Oct 15, The Central
Intelligence Agency's Freedom of Information Act was signed into law
by Pres. Reagan.
1984 Oct 16, In France Gregory
Villemin (4) was found drowned in the Vologne River in the eastern
Vosges region with his hands and feet tied. A suspect identified as
“the Crow" was never caught. On June 16, 2017, The great aunt and
uncle of boy were charged with his kidnapping, raising hopes that a
case that has gripped the country could finally be solved.
Jacqueline Jacob (72) and her husband Marcel Jacob (71) were
arrested on June 14 following handwriting analysis of an anonymous
threatening letter sent to Gregory's father in 1983.
(SFC, 6/15/00, p.C3)(AFP, 6/16/17)
1984 Oct 16, Desmond Tutu,
black Anglican Archbishop in South Africa, won the Nobel Peace Prize
for his decades of non-violent struggle for racial equality.
(SFC, 6/23/96, BR, p.32)(AP, 10/16/04)
1984 Oct 18, Jon-Erik Hexum
(b.1957), actor, died by a gun loaded with blanks. His films
included “The Bear" (1984).
1984 Oct 18, Henri Michaux
(b.1899), Belgian poet and painter, died. In 1954 he became a
citizen of France, and he lived the rest of his life there along
with his family. In 1965 he won the National Prize of Literature,
which he refused to accept. His books included “Miserable Miracle"
and “The Major Ordeals of the Mind and the Countless Minor Ones."
1984 Oct 19, In Palo Alto, Ca.,
Dennis Anderson (50) used a shotgun to kill Donald Mason, the former
boyfriend of his 20-day wife, and then beat and blasted his wife,
Karen Stoker-Anderson. He was convicted of double murder in 1985 but
the ruling was overturned on the basis of mental incompetence in
1995 and a retrial began in 1997. Anderson was sentenced 17 years to
life in prison.
(SFC, 1/18/96, p.A20)(SFC, 10/16/09, p.D2)
1984 Oct 19, Jerzy Popieluszko,
Polish priest and dissident, was kidnapped by three secret police
officers after celebrating his last mass in Bydgoszcz, central
Poland. The priest was tortured to death before his body was thrown
into the Vistula river, 120 km. north of Warsaw [see Oct 30, Dec
27]. Popieluszko was beatified in 2010.
1984 Oct 20, Paul Dirac
(b.1902, British physicist and Nobel Prize winner (1933), died in
Florida. His equations predicted the existence of antimatter. In
2009 Graham Farmelo authored “The Strangest Man: The Hidden Life of
1984 Oct 21, Francois Truffaut
(b.1932), French film director (Fahrenheit 451), died of brain
cancer. In 1999 Antoine de Baecque and Serge Toubiana published
"Truffaut: A Biography."
DB p.53)(SFEC, 6/27/99, BR p.4)
1984 Oct 23, Oskar Werner
(b.1922), Austrian actor (Fahrenheit 451), died of a heart attack.
1984 Oct 24, In NYC 11 members
of Colombo crime family were indicted.
1984 Oct 25, The genetic
organization of the Hepatitis B virus was published.
1984 Oct 26, "Baby Fae," a
newborn with a severe heart defect, was given the heart of a baboon
in an experimental transplant in Loma Linda, Calif. Baby Fae lived
21 days with the animal heart.
1984 Oct 30, Police in Poland
found the body of kidnapped pro-Solidarity priest Father Jerzy
Popieluszko, whose death was blamed on four security officers.
1984 Oct 31, The oil tanker
Puerto Rican exploded in the Gulf of the Farallones off the coast of
San Francisco spilling 2 million gallons of oil as the ship caught
fire. A bomb was believed to have caused the blast 10 miles west of
the Golden Gate Bridge.
(www.ibrrc.org/Puerto_Rican_spill_1984.html)(SSFC, 11/1/09, DB p.42)
1984 Oct 31, In Decatur,
Illinois, 2 young girls were assaulted and killed. In 2009 DNA
evidence revealed that Melvin Johnson (d.2003) was the murderer.
(SFC, 2/12/09, p.A4)
1984 Oct 31, Indian Prime
Minister Indira Gandhi was assassinated near her residence in New
Delhi by two Sikh members of her bodyguard. This sparked Hindu-Sikh
clashes across the country. Four days of anti-Sikh rioting followed
in India. The government said more than 2,700 people, mostly Sikhs,
were killed, while newspapers and human-rights groups put the death
toll between 10,000 and 17,000. In 2002 Katherine Frank authored the
(SFEC, 8/3/97, p.A15)(AP,
10/31/97)(http://tinyurl.com/ypb6kl)(WSJ, 2/13/02, p.A18)
1984 Oct, In China the
Communist Party announced economic reforms, a plan to lift
government price subsidies and promised to relax party control over
(SFC, 2/20/96, p.A4)
1984 Oct, Jaroslav Seifert of
Czechoslovakia won the Nobel Prize for literature.
(SFC, 3/30/02, p.A19)
1984 Oct, Richard Stone of
Great Britain, won the Nobel Prize in Economics for contributions to
the development of systems of national accounts.
1984 Oct, Simon van der Meer
(1925-2011), Dutch physicist, and Carlo Rubbia (b.1934), Italian
physicist, shared the Nobel Prize in Physics for contributions to
the CERN project which led to the discovery of the W and Z
particles, two of the most fundamental constituents of matter.
1984 Nov 1, Norman Krasna
(b.1909), American writer and film producer, died of a heart attack.
The 1947 film “Dear Ruth" was based on his writings.
1984 Nov 2, Paul Cosner
disappeared from the SF Bay Area following a planned sale of a 1980
Honda Prelude at his Marin Motors. The car was identified Jun 2,
1985 in the hands of Leonard Lake and Charles Ng. As many as 25
people were believed killed by Lake and Ng at a compound in
Calaveras County, Ca.
(SFC, 10/25/98, p.A5)
1984 Nov 2, Velma Barfield
(b.1932), convicted of the fatal poisoning of her boyfriend, was put
to death by injection in Raleigh, N.C. She was the first woman
executed in the United States since 1962.
1984 Nov 3, In India some 2,733
people died nationwide over the last 3 days from attacks on Sikhs
after Gandhi was shot dead. The bodyguards who killed her sought
revenge for her decision to send the army to flush Sikh separatists
out of the Golden Temple in Amritsar.
1984 Nov 4, Nicaragua held its
1st free elections in 56 years; Sandinistas won by a margin of 63%.
Daniel Ortega won the presidency under the Sandinista Liberation
Front. Sergio Ramirez served as his vice-president until 1990.
(SFC, 5/6/96, p.A-10)(WSJ, 10/9/96, p.A15)
1984 Nov 6, President Ronald
Reagan was re-elected. Reagan beat Mondale in the landslide of 1984
with 97.6% of the Electoral College and over 58% of the popular
vote. It almost matched the 1936 landslide of Roosevelt over Landon.
(HN, 11/6/98)(HNQ, 11/7/00)
1984 Nov 7, San Francisco’s
memorial to the Holocaust was formally dedicated in Lincoln Park. It
included a sculpture by George Segal depicting a pile of white
(SSFC, 11/8/09, DB p.46)
1984 Nov 9, The Vietnam
Veterans statue, “Three Soldiers" by Frederick Hart (1943-1999), was
unveiled in Washington DC on Veterans Day.
(http://www.440.com/twtd/archives/nov09.html)(SFC, 8/18/99, p.C4)
1984 Nov 11, The Rev. Martin
Luther King Sr. (84), father of slain civil rights leader Martin
Luther King Jr., died in Atlanta.
1984 Nov 12, Space shuttle
astronauts Dale Gardner and Joe Allen snared a wandering satellite
in history's first space salvage. The Palapa B-2 satellite was
secured in Discovery's cargo bay for return to Earth.
1984 Nov 13, In San Francisco
the body of Masataka Kobayashi, chef and co-owner of the Masa’s
restaurant on Bush Street, was found dead at his Knob Hill
apartment. His restaurant became an immediate sensation when it
opened in 1983.
(SSFC, 11/8/09, DB p.46)
1984 Nov 14, The Space Shuttle
Discovery crew rescued a second satellite.
1984 Nov 15, Baby Fae died 20
days after receiving a baboon heart transplant in Loma Linda,
1984 Nov 18, The Soviets helped
deliver U.S. wheat during the Ethiopian famine.
1984 Nov 19, Near Mexico City,
Mexico, 5 million liters of liquefied butane exploded at a storage
facility killing some 500 people.
(HSAB, 1994, p.46)(AP, 11/19/07)
1984 Nov 20, McDonald's made
its 50 billionth hamburger.
1984 Nov 22, Fred Rogers
(1928-2003) of PBS' "Mr. Rogers' Neighborhood" presented his sweater
to the Smithsonian Institution.
1984 Nov 25, William Schroeder
of Jasper, Ind., became the 2nd man to receive a Jarvik-7 artificial
heart, at Humana Hospital Audubon in Kentucky. He lived 620 days on
1984 Nov 26, US and Iraq
resumed diplomatic relations after Pres. Reagan met with Deputy PM
(SFC, 9/24/02, p.A11)
1984 Nov 26, The San Francisco
Chronicle first reported on cellular phone technology. Cellular
phone service came to the SF Bay Area in 1985 with phones costing
between $1900 and $4100 for installation in a car with a $39 per
month base price.
(SFC, 9/8/18, p.C1)
1984 Nov 28, President Ronald
Reagan signed a document called Presidential Determination Act
#85-2, allowing private satellites to compete in the Intelsat
market. Orion Network Systems had nudged the US government for
permission to launch a private, international telecommunications
satellite (private domestic satellites are a separate and fairly
1984 Nov 28, Republican Robert
Dole was elected Senate majority leader.
1984 Nov 28, Hans Speidel
(b.1897), German general and NATO-supreme commander (1957-63), died.
1984 Nov, Commander Donnie
Cochran became the first African American to become the leader of
the Navy’s Blue Angels. He resigned from his position on May 28,
1996 after citing personal training difficulties.
(SFC, 5/29/96, A3)
1984 Nov, The CIA told the US
Congress in 1987 that it had concluded in Nov., 1984, that it could
not resume aid to the Costa Rican-based Contras because "everybody
around Pastora was involved in cocaine."
(SFC, 10/31/96, p.A7)
1984 Nov, The US FDA formally
approved the marketing of the 3M/ House cochlear implant, to provide
hearing by the electrical stimulation of the auditory system.
1984 Nov, In Uruguay Julio
María Sanguinetti of the Colorado Party won the presidential
election. Pres. Gregorio Alvarez resigned on February 12, 1985.
1984 Dec 3, More than 4,000
people died and 200,000 were injured after a gas escaped from a
pesticide plant operated by a Union Carbide subsidiary in Bhopal,
India. 40 tons of vaporous methyl isocyanate, hydrogen cyanide,
monomethyl amine, carbon monoxide and possibly 20 other chemicals
were released after an explosion. Over the years, according to the
Indian government, some 15,000 people have died from effects of the
gas. In 2011 India issued notices to Dow seeking payment of $1.7
billion, on top of $470 million already paid, due to the lingering
effects of the poison.
(WSJ, 11/27/96, p.A1)(HN, 12/3/98)(SFEC, 3/5/00,
p.A23)(AP, 12/3/04)(SFC, 3/1/11, p.A2)
1984 Dec 4, A five-day hijack
drama began as four armed men seized a Kuwaiti airliner en route to
Pakistan and forced it to land in Tehran, where the hijackers killed
American passenger Charles Hegna.
1984 Dec 8, Robert Matthews
(b.1953), co-founder for the neo-Nazi called The Order, was shot and
killed by FBI agents on Whiebey Island, Washington. His “Silent
Brotherhood" was a small extremist far right group that engaged in a
multistate crime wave in this period. The group was also associated
with the Aryan Nations Church. His life was fictionalized in the TV
movie “Brotherhood of Murder" (1999).
1984 Dec 9, In Iran a five-day
hijack drama ended when Iranian commandos captured the Kuwaiti
plane. 4 armed men had seized a Kuwaiti airliner en route to
Pakistan and forced it to land in Tehran, where the hijackers killed
American passenger Charles Hegna.
1984 Dec 10, It was reported
that a creosote bush in California’s Mojave Desert was determined to
be 11,700 years old.
1984 Dec 10, South African
Archbishop Desmond Tutu received the Nobel Peace Prize.
(SFC, 6/23/96, BR, p.32)(AP, 12/10/99)
1984 Dec 10, The Convention
against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or
Punishment (the “Torture Convention") was adopted by the General
Assembly of the United Nations (resolution 39/46). The Convention
entered into force on 26 June 1987 after it had been ratified by 20
1984 Dec 11, Kimberly Billy
(19) of Stockton, Ca., went missing. Her remains were found in 2012
in a compacted well in Linden, Ca., and attributed to Speed Freak
Killers Wesley Shermantine and Loren Herzog.
(SFC, 3/31/12, p.C1)
1984 Dec 13, In Peru 123
people, including men, women and children from area farming
communities, were slaughtered at Putis, in Ayacucho province. Army
soldiers suspected the farmers supported guerrillas with the Shining
Path. According to a later government-appointed truth commission,
the military offered Putis as a safe haven for people fleeing
Shining Path rebels in the region. Soldiers then tricked villagers
into digging their own grave and killed them on suspicion of ties to
the guerrillas. In 2008 a Peruvian forensics team began excavating a
mass grave containing the remains of 123 men, women and children
killed by the military at Putis. In 2009 DNA tests identified 28 of
92 bodies, including 15 women and five children.
(AP, 5/25/08)(AFP, 5/30/08)(AP, 2/26/09)(AP,
1984 Dec 14, Howard Cosell
retired from Monday Night Football.
1984 Dec 14, The maiden flight
of NASA’s X-29, a forward swept wing aircraft, took place.
(NPub, 2002, p.24)
1984 Dec 17, Gerd Heinrich
(b.1896), recognized as one of the world’s leading authorities on
the subfamily Ichneumoninae (wasps), died. In 2007 his son Bernd
Heinrich authored “The Snoring Bird: My Family’s Journey Through a
Century of Biology."
1984 Dec 19, The NY Times
reported that 33 unknown Bach keyboard works had been found in
the Yale library and authenticated by Harvard professor Christoph
1984 Dec 19, Near
Orangeville, Utah, 27 miners died in a coal mine fire due to a
faulty air compressor at the Wilberg Mine.
(SFC, 9/25/01, p.A14)(AP, 12/19/04)
1984 Dec 19, British PM
Margaret Thatcher and Chinese Premier Zhao Ziyang signed an accord
to return Hong Kong to Chinese sovereignty on Jul 1, 1997. China
pledged to grant Hong Kong a high degree of autonomy in everything
but foreign affairs and national defense and permit it to retain its
capitalist system for 50 years. This laid the ground for Hong Kong’s
(SFEC, 6/22/97, p.A14)(SFC, 7/1/97, p.A8)(Econ,
7/19/14, p.11)(Econ, 10/10/15, p.42)
1984 Dec 22, Bernhard Goetz
shot at four black teens who attempted to rob him in a New York
subway. He later claimed self-defense and was acquitted of attempted
murder in 1987 in a trial where lawyer William Kunstler represented
Darrel Cabey, who was paralyzed in the shooting. 3 other wounded
teens, James Ramseur, Barry Allen, and Troy Canty went to jail.
(SFC, 4/8/96, p.A-3)(AP, 12/22/98)
1984 Dec 27, Geologist Roberta
Score found the Martian meteorite labeled Allan Hills (ALH) 84001
while snowmobiling in the Antarctic. The 4.5 billion year old rock
was knocked of Mars by an asteroid some 16 million years earlier and
landed in Antarctica some 13,000 years before Score’s find.
(PacDis, Winter ’97, p.29)(SSFC, 2/19/06, p.M6)
1984 Dec 27, Four Polish
officers were tried for the slaying of Reverend Jerzy Popieluszko.
1984 Dec 29, Indian PM Rajiv
Gandhi claimed victory in parliamentary elections. The BJP entered
the parliament for the first time with 2 seats.
(http://tinyurl.com/338zok)(SFC, 10/4/99, p.A12)
1984 Dec 31, NYC subway gunman
Bernhard Goetz surrendered to police in NH.
1984 Dec, Zhang Ruimin took
over the helm of the Haier Group Co, a failing appliance
manufacturer in China’s port city of Qingdao. He turned the
operation around with modern refrigerator-making equipment from
Germany. In 2004 Fortune magazine rated Zhang Ruimin as one of the
25 most powerful business people outside America.
(WSJ, 9/17/97, p.A1)(Econ, 3/20/04, p.72)
1984 Dec, In Nicaragua Fernando
Cardenal (1934-2016), a Catholic priest and the new education
minister for the Sandinista government, was expelled from the Jesuit
order. He left the Sandinista National Liberation Front in 1995 and
was reinstated as a Jesuit in 1997.
(Boston Globe, 2/26/16, p.B7)
1984 Dec, In Spain the
Socialist government permanently shuttered its nuclear facilities.
(WSJ, 5/10/96, p.A-5D)
1984 A 60-by-13-foot tile mural
was created by Romare Beardon for a Pittsburgh subway station. In
2008 the mural was valued at $15 million as the station faced
(WSJ, 4/25/08, p.A2)
1984 In Chicago J.S.G. Boggs
(b.1955) exchanged the sketch of a dollar bill for a cup of coffee
and received 10 cents change. This began his career drawing money
for a living. In 1999 Lawrence Wechsler published "Boggs: A Comedy
(WSJ, 8/11/99, p.A16)(WSJ, 3/14/09, p.W8)
1984 Frederick Hart (d.1999 at
56) had his "Three Soldiers" sculpture erected at the Vietnam
Veterans Memorial in Washington DC.
(SFC, 8/18/99, p.C4)
1984 Martin Kippenberger,
German artist, made his oil, silicon on canvas "For the Life of Me,
I Can’t See Any Swastikas."
(SFEC, 2/1/98, BR p.6)
1984 Merrill Ashley, ballerina,
published her memoir: Dancing for Balanchine."
(WSJ, 12/10/97, p.A20)
1984 Deborah Berg, the daughter
of David Berg, authored "The Children of God: The Inside Story."
David Berg (d.1994) founded the Christian sect of sexual freedom in
the 1960s following years of travel as the "Berg Family Singers."
(SFC, 2/14/01, p.A1)
1984 Ray Coleman (1937-1996)
published "Lennon," a biography of the Beatle star John Lennon. He
also wrote biographies of Paul McCartney, Eric Clapton, Brian
Epstein, Frank Sinatra, the Carpenters, Rod Stewart, the Rolling
Stones, and Gerry and the Pacemakers.
(SFC, 9/22/96, C12)
1984 Maynard Amerine (d.1998 at
74) published the "Univ. of California / Sotheby Book of California
Wine." It was co-edited with Bob Thompson and Doris Muscatine. Mr.
Amerine also wrote "Table Wines: The Technology of their
Production," with M.A. Joslyn.
(SFC, 3/13/98, p.D2)
1984 Julian Barnes authored his
novel "Flaubert’s Parrot," a whimsical portrait of a Flaubert
(SSFC, 10/6/02, p.M2)
1984 Jeremy Bernstein wrote a
book on Bell Labs titled: "Three Degrees Above Zero." Here he
described the computerized chess program know as Belle.
(I&I, Penzias, p.151)
1984 Flo Braker (1939-2017)
authored “The Simple Art of Perfect Baking."
(SSFC, 6/18/17, p.C13)
1984 Susie Bright began editing
“On Our Backs," the first lesbian erotica magazine. She had helped
found the project and continued editing the magazine to 1991.
(SSFC, 3/27/11, p.G1)
1984 English writer Anita
Brookner authored “Hotel du Lac." It won the 1984 Booker Prize.
1984 Bruce Chatwin published
his travel book "In Patagonia."
(SFEC, 8/10/97, BR p.3)
1984 Tom Clancey published "The
Hunt for Red October" through the Naval Institute Press.
(WSJ, 4/24/98, p.W14)
1984 Kate Coscarelli, aka Aunt
Kate (d.1999), published "Fame and Fortune," a best seller about 4
middle aged women in Beverly Hills.
(SFC, 8/27/99, p.D6)
1984 Harriet Doerr (1910-2002)
won the American Book Award for 1st fiction for "Stone for Ibarra."
(SFC, 11/28/02, p.A30)
1984 Prof. William A. Garnett
(1917-2006), pioneer aerial photographer, published “William Garnett
(SSFC, 9/10/06, p.B6)
1984 Allen Ginsberg (d.1997)
published his massive "Collected Poems."
(SFEC, 5/9/99, BR p.3)
1984 William Hartman (d.1997 at
78) and Marilyn Fithian published "Any Man Can," a work about
multiple male orgasms. They also closed their Center for sexual and
Marital Studies in this year.
(SFC, 10/14/97, p.A19)
1984 Ian Hibell (d.2008 at 74),
long-distance British cyclist, authored “Into Remote Places."
(Econ, 9/13/08, p.96)
1984 Gerri Hirshey wrote the
book "Nowhere to Run," a history of soul-music.
1984 George Jonas authored
“Vengeance," an account of an Israeli hit squad ordered to track
down Palestinians responsible for the Sep 5, 1972, attack on Israeli
athletes in Munich.
(Econ, 12/24/05, p.117)(http://tinyurl.com/aujcx)
1984 Dr. Jay Katz (1922-2008),
German-born American psychoanalyst and Yale law School professor,
authored “The Silent world of Doctor and Patient."
(SFC, 11/24/08, p.B6)
1984 William Kennedy
received the Pulitzer Prize for fiction for his novel "Ironweed".
His novels known as the "Albany Cycle" depict generations of
Irish-American families. In 2018 Kennedy received an award from
Ireland's president for his Albany-based literary works focusing on
the Irish-American experience.
1984 Lt. Gen. Victor Krulak
(1913-2008) authored “First to Fight: An Inside View of the U.S.
Marine Corps," which examined the history and culture of the US
(SFC, 1/2/09, p.B5)
1984 Jay McInerney published
his novel "Bright Lights Big City." In 1999 it was produced as a
rock musical at the New York Theater Workshop.
(WSJ, 3/3/99, p.A17)
1984 Wallace Terry (d.2003 at
65), journalist, authored "Bloods: An Oral History of the Vietnam
War by Black Veterans. It detailed the experiences of 20 black
soldiers and was made into a 1986 PBS documentary.
(SFC, 6/2/03, p.B4)
1984 Diana Vreeland (d.1989)
wrote her biography "D.V." She had been a fashion editor for
Harper’s Bazaar and Vogue and went on to become the head of the
Costume Institute at the Metropolitan Museum of Art. The 1998 play
"Full Gallop" was based on her life.
(SFEC, 2/22/98, DB p.33)
1984 Edward O. Wilson, Harvard
biologist, published his "Biophilia." In this book Wilson proposed
that humans "have an innate urge to focus on and affiliate with
non-human life, that our existence depends on this propensity, our
spirit woven from it, and that hope rises on its currents."
(PacDis, Spring/'94, p. 52)
1984 Maurice Valency
(1903-1996), playwright, wrote his first novel "Ashby." His plays
included Savonarola, Electra and The Thracian Horses. His novel
"Julie" was published in 1989.
(SFEC, 9/30/96, p.A23)
1984 Philip Ashforth Coppola
authored "Silver Connections," a compendium on the NYC subways.
(SFC, 9/2/02, p.D8)
1984 William Gibson wrote his
science fiction work "Neuromancer." Gibson is credited with coining
the term cyberspace. He envisioned chips plugged directly into the
brain to transfer information.
(SFC, 9/24/96, p.E1,3)(WSJ, 1/31/97, p.B1)
1984 Stephen Halbrook authored
"That Every Man Be Armed," a historical look at gun possession.
(WSJ, 5/25/99, p.A1,13)
1984 Harold McGee authored “On
Food and Cooking." It became the standard authority on gastronomical
science, that area where science and art, technique, and aesthetics
1984 Michael Moritz authored
“The Little Kingdom: The Private Story of Apple Computer."
(SSFC, 5/22/05, p.F1)
1984 Richard John Neuhaus
authored “The Naked Public Square: Religion and Democracy in
(WSJ, 10/23/07, p.D8)
1984 Eudora Welty (b.1909)
published her best-selling remembrance "One Writer’s Beginnings."
(WSJ, 9/8/98, p.A26)
1984 Theodore Geisel (aka Dr.
Seuss) was awarded a special Pulitzer Prize for children’s
literature. His nearly 50 books had sold more than 100 million
copies in 17 languages.
(Hem., 2/97, p.13)
1984 The Ballet "Sergeant
Early’s Dream" was created by Christopher Bruce.
(SFC, 5/9/97, p.D9)
1984 German choreographer Pina
Bausch first brought her absurdist dance-dramas to New York.
(WSJ, 10/29/97, p.A20)
1984 The Broadway musical
"Sunday in the Park With George" by Stephen Sondheim starred Mandy
(SFEC, 12/22/96, DB p.33)
1984 The US television Hall of
Fame inducted its 1st class.
(SFC, 3/28/02, p.A15)
1984 The TV series "Murder, She
Wrote" began and ran through 1996.
(SFEC, 12/8/96, Par p.18)
1984 Flip Wilson hosted the TV
show "People Are Funny."
(SFC, 11/26/98, p.B9)
1984 The Transformers TV
cartoon show, aimed at boys, began.
(NW, 11/11/02, p.56)
1984 The US television Hall of
Fame inducted its 1st class.
(SFC, 3/28/02, p.A15)
1984 The TV series “Three’s
Company" ended after 8 seasons. The sex farce featured John Ritter
as Jack Tripper and Don Knotts as landlord Ralph Furley.
(SSFC, 2/26/06, p.B7)
1984 Prince (1958-2016)
released his “Purple Rain" album.
1984 The song "Born In The
USA," released by Bruce Springsteen, peaked at #9 in late 1984.
1984 The Twisted Sisters made a
hit with their anti-authority song “We’re Not Gonna Take It."
(Econ, 6/7/14, TQ p.23)
1984 Joe Seneca (d.1996) played
one of 4 musicians in the Broadway production "Ma Rainey’s Black
(SFC, 8/17/96, p.A24)
1984 French composer Oliver
Messiaen composed his 5-hour opera "Saint Francis d’Assise."
(SFC, 9/5/96, p.B1)
1984 Hip-hop music hit the
mainstream when Run-DMC made their version of Aerosmith’s "Walk This
(SFEM, 11/10/96, p.26)
1984 Ray Charles recorded
“Seven Spanish Angels" as a duet with Willie Nelson.
(USAT, 6/11/04, p.7A)
1984 Amy Ray and Emily Saliers
formed the "Indigo Girls" music group.
(SFEC, 1/25/98, DB p.7)
1984 R.E.M. released its album
"Reckoning." The cover was by Rev. Howard Finster (d.2001 at 84), a
self-taught artist of the "outsider movement." In 1985 Finster was
commissioned by the Talking Heads for their "Little Creatures."
(SFC, 10/25/01, p.A25)
1984 A commission of the Roman
Catholic Church, appointed by Pope John Paul II in 1980, concluded
that the Inquisition was in error in its 1632 condemnation of
Galileo‘s support of the Copernican Theory of the solar
system. By 1611 Galileo had made a series of discoveries and
observations with his telescope that clearly confirmed the theory of
Polish astronomer Copernicus that the earth and planets revolved
around the sun. Controversy erupted when Galileo announced his
support of Copernicus, a theory in opposition to the accepted Church
belief that the sun and planets revolved around a stationary earth.
Galileo‘s 1632 publication of Dialogue on the Two Chief Systems of
the World led to condemnation by the Inquisition, which forced him
to renounce his views and live under house arrest until his death in
1642 [see 1992].
1984 The US Methodist General
Conference passed a ban on “self-avowed practicing homosexuals."
(SFC, 12/27/04, p.A3)
1984 Father Richard John
Neuhaus (b.1936) founded his Center for Religion and Society as part
of the Illinois-based, conservative Rockford Institute. He and the
center were "forcibly evicted" from the Institute in 1989.
(Econ, 11/3/07, SR
1984 In Miami the First Union
Financial Center was completed. The 55-story building was designed
by architects Skidmore, Owings & Merrill.
(WSJ, 1/3/97, p.B10)
1984 Milton Bradley created its
Gamemaster series, which sought to make war-strategy games more
accessible. Axis and Allies, created in 1981 and one of five in the
series, became legendary.
(WSJ, 7/2/10, p.W9)
1984 In Portland, Oregon, the
PacWest Center was completed. The 29-floor building was designed by
architects of Hugh Stubbins & Assoc.
(WSJ, 1/3/97, p.B10)
1984 In the US the National
Association of Hispanic Journalists (NAHJ) was founded.
(WSJ, 7/8/96, p.C1)
1984 Share Our Strength, one of
the nation’s leading anti-hunger, anti-poverty organizations, began
in the basement of a row house on Capitol Hill. In the beginning, it
organized a handful of chefs to cook for fundraisers. By 2005 it
mobilized thousands of individuals in the culinary industry to
organize events, host dinners, teach cooking and nutrition classes
to low-income families, and serve as anti-hunger advocates.
1984 The private international
organization Sisterhood Is Global was founded to promote women’s
rights in conjunction with the publication of “Sisterhood is
Powerful" by Robin Morgan.
1984 In Bemidji, Minn., the
first low-power TV station began operating under special FCC
(WSJ, 6/5/98, p.A1)
1984 Louisiana held a World
Exposition. Low attendance was blamed on the rain.
(SFEC, 12/15/96, p.A20)(SFC, 8/26/97, p.A4)
1984 Zingaro, a French
equestrian troupe of actors and acrobats was founded by "Bartabas."
In 1996 the troupe’s popular show was called Chimere and consisted
of 26 horses, 22 actor/acrobats, and a 10-piece Indian orchestra.
(WSJ, 9/25/96, p.A20)
1984 France-based Hermes
introduced its Birkin handbag, named after British actress Jane
Birkin, at a starting price of around $7,000. In 2008 Michael
Tonello authored “Bringing Home the Birkin."
1984 Richard Lamm, later
governor of Colorado, was quoted as saying: the elderly "have a duty
to die and get out of the way."
(SFC, 7/21/96, Z1, p.9)
1984 The Reagan administration,
spurred by Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD) ordered US states to
raise their drinking age to 21 or lose 10% of their federal highway
(Econ, 4/19/08, p.43)
1984 VP George H.W. Bush
nominated Pedro A. Sanjuan to be director of political affairs in
the UN Secretariat. His real job was to spy on the Soviet spies
working for the secretary-general. Sanjuan left the Secretariat in
1992. In 2005 he authored “The UN Gang," an account of UN operations
(WSJ, 9/13/05, p.D8)
1984 Craig Livingstone and
Anthony Marceca did opposition research in Gary Hart’s presidential
campaign. They gathered personal information that could seriously
hurt the lives and families of selected individuals. Both later
turned up in the Clinton White House and were responsible for
obtaining and perusing confidential FBI files.
(WSJ, 6/21/96, p.A14)
1984 The US Green Party began
organizing. It held its first presidential convention in 1996 in Los
Angeles with a reluctant Ralph Nader for president.
(USAT, 8/16/96, p.4A)
1984 US Sec. of State George
Shultz, on behalf of the Reagan administration, signed a letter that
resigned the US from UNESCO, the UN Educational, Scientific and
Cultural Organization. In 2001 efforts were made to rejoin.
(SFC, 12/6/01, p.E1)
1984 The CIA ran the Contra war
in Nicaragua as a covert operation until this year when Congress cut
off funds. The Reagan administration transferred the operation to
Lt. Col. Oliver North, a member of the White House National Security
(SFC, 9/28/96, p.A5)
1984 The CIA equipped a plane
belonging to Barry Seal, a drug smuggler and informant, with
cameras. Seal flew the plane to Nicaragua and photographed an
official of the Sandinista government and a leader of a Colombian
drug cartel loading cocaine on the aircraft.
(SFC, 11/9/96, p.A2)
1984 The US Army School of the
Americas, a training center for Latin American military officers,
was moved from Panama to Fort Benning, Ga.
(WSJ, 6/14/96, p.B10)(SFC, 9/21/96,
1984 The Library of Congress
renamed the position of Consultant in Poetry to the title Poet
Laureate of the US Library of Congress. The title of the
consultant's position was officially changed by Public Law 99-194 to
Poet Laureate Consultant in Poetry on Dec 20, 1985.
1984 The US Congress passed the
Sentencing Reform Act to standardize criminal sentences.
(SFC, 6/14/96, p. A4)
1984 Bills covering national
forests in 20 states added 8.3 million acres to the Federal
(SFEC, 8/29/99, Z1 p.6)
1984 The US State Dept. began
its Reward for Justice program to pay informants for information
leading to the arrest of terrorists.
(SFC, 11/27/04, p.A1)
1984 The US Navy banned beards.
The Navy said it wanted professionally-looking sailors who could
wear firefighting masks and breathing apparatuses without
(SFC, 7/23/18, p.A5)
1984 William P. Lear Jr., son
of business jet entrepreneur Bill Lear, Sr., engaged with a small
group of gun-running entrepreneurs in buying arms, ammunition and
other Soviet military equipment from the Warsaw Pact countries. In
2003 he authored “Fly Fast… Sin Boldly: Flying, Spying &
(AH, 6/03, p.63)
1984 Charles Keating, Arizona
land developer, bought Lincoln Savings & Loan. He then proceeded
to loot the institution’s federally protected deposits by booking
phony profits on sham land and securities transactions and fooled
auditors and investors about the failing health of Lincoln and its
parent American Continental Corp. He was convicted on state charges
in 1991 and federal charges in 1993. The federal charges were
overturned in 1996.
(SFC, 6/22/96, p.A3)(SFC, 12/3/96, p.A1,15)
1984 Jonathan Borofsky,
sculptor, began his work "Hammering Man." It was completed in 1985
and stands outside the Legion of Honor in San Francisco.
(SFC, 10/26/96, p.B1)
1984 Adah Bakalinsky (60)
authored the 1st edition of “Stairway Walks in San Francisco." In
2004 a 5th edition was published.
(SFC, 5/21/04, p.F8)
1984 The Monterey Bay Aquarium
opened in Monterey, Ca.
(AAM, 3/96, p.9)(SFC, 6/8/98, p.A8)
1984 In San Francisco the first
new homes on Silverview Terrace opened. The attached houses on the
former site of an orphanage atop Mount St. Joseph were priced from
$123.5k to $145k.
(SFC, 7/24/13, p.D6)
1984 In San Francisco the
23-story building at 580 California St. was built.
(SSFC, 7/8/12, p.C2)
1984 The 285-room Marriott at
San Francisco’s Fisherman’s Wharf was constructed.
(SFC, 7/18/98, p.B1)
1984 Jeremiah Tower opened his
Stars restaurant on a desolate alley near the SF Civic Center. It
closed in 1999 and was to reopen under new management. In 1986 Tower
authored his cookbook "New American Classics."
(SFC, 9/29/99, Z1 p.1,4)
1984 San Francisco’s Cartoon
Art Museum was founded by Malcolm Whyte and a few friends. Shows
were mounted in varies spaces for three years until it found office
space at 665 Third St. It moved a few times before relocating to 655
Mission St. in 2001. In 2015 its status was in limbo as its lease
(SFC, 4/22/15, p.D3)
1984 John-Michael Olexy helped
found the first federal gay and lesbian employees group in SF.
(SFC, 6/23/96, p.A6)
1984 In San Francisco Michael
Denman (1929-2018) co-founded the Ramp restaurant on the waterfront
at 855 Terry Francois St. with partner Joe Costello.
(SFC, 1/1/18, p.C2)
1984 In the Rathskeller scandal
2 SF police officers were fired for hiring a prostitute to perform
at a police graduation party.
(SFC, 5/7/97, p.A22)
1984 Charlie Walker, head of
Charlie Walker Trucking Inc., was convicted of grand theft,
attempted extortion, perjury and tax evasion for bilking the City's
minority contracting programs. He was paroled from Folsom Prison in
(SFEC, 6/27/99, p.A14)
1984 SF installed a
computerized fingerprint matching system.
(SFC, 9/22/98, p.A18)
1984 Brooks Walker, lumberman
and inventor, died. He was the president of Shasta Forest Products
and held over 250 patents and invented such items as smog-control
devices, Venetian blinds and shock absorbers. The Brooks Walker
Patent Center in San Francisco’s New Main Library was later named in
(SFC, 10/29/96, p.B2)
1984 The TED conference held
its 1st session in Monterey, Ca. TED sprung from an observation by
Richard Saul Wurman of a powerful convergence between technology,
entertainment and design. The Sapling Foundation (b.1996), led by
Silicon Valley publisher Chris Anderson, bought the conference in
1984 California voters approved
a state lottery.
(SFC, 12/27/99, p.A10)
1984 SF voters approved Prop.
K, which prohibited towers from casting new shadows on city parks.
(SSFC, 4/27/08, p.B3)
1984 The California Smog Check
program was introduced. It required motorists to take responsibility
for pollution by maintaining their vehicles to meet state standards.
1984 Richard Sims (1933-2008)
was named chief of police for Daly City, Ca. Sims retired in 1990
following a 34 year career in the city’s police department.
(SSFC, 2/10/08, p.B3)
1984 Giant pandas from China
visited the SF Zoo.
(SFC, 7/30/04, p.E15)
1984 Standard Oil of California
(Socal), under George M. Keller (1923-2008), purchased Gulf Oil and
its extensive operations in Nigeria and changed its name to Chevron.
(SFC, 11/19/98, p.A8)(SFC, 10/20/04, p.C6)(SFC,
1984 Philip Anschutz, a Denver
oil and real estate mogul, picked up the Denver & Rio Grande
Western Railroad for $500 million.
(WSJ, 6/18/96, p.A17)
1984 Michael Ross, former
life-insurance salesman, was arrested in Connecticut. He had
strangled at least 6 girls and young women. He later pleaded guilty
to 2 killings in 1985 and was convicted of 4 killings in 1987. He
was sentenced to death in 1997 and signed a letter in 1998 to be
executed. Ross was executed May 13, 2005.
(SFC, 3/26/98, p.A6)(Econ, 1/22/05, p.31)(SSFC,
1/30/05, p.A10)(SFC, 5/14/05, p.A4)
1984 In Dade County, Fla., the
State Attorney office of Janet Reno began amassing sex-assault
charges against police officer Grant Snowden.
(WSJ, 10/14/97, p.A22)
1984 Ted Waitt started Gateway
Computer at his grandmother’s Iowa farmhouse.
(SFC, 5/20/05, p.C2)
1984 In Mass. District Attorney
Scott Harshbarger brought the first child-sex-abuse charges against
the Amiraults, owners of the Fells Acres Day School in Malden. A new
trial was ordered in 1998 due to flawed techniques in interviewing
the young accusers. Gerald Amirault served 18 years in prison and
was released in 2004.
(WSJ, 10/14/97, p.A22)(SFC, 6/13/98, p.A3)(WSJ,
1984 Chippewa Indians opened
the Kewadin Casino in Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan.
(MT, Fall ‘96, p.20)
1984 The Santa Fe Institute in
New Mexico was founded as a nonprofit research and education center.
It specialized in the interdisciplinary study of complex systems.
(Wired, 2/98, p.174)
1984 In NYC Ian Schrager and
Steve Rubell opened Morgans, the first boutique hotel.
(Econ, 12/21/13, p.104)
1984 The first US Synchronized
Skating championships were held in Bowling Green, Ohio, with 38
(SFC, 2/23/09, p.E7)
1984 In Rhode Island Vincent
Cianci, the mayor of Providence, was forced to resign after a decade
on the job after being convicted of assaulting a man with a
cigarette, an ashtray and a log. He was re-elected in 1990. In 2002
he was brought down by a federal racketeering probe and served
nearly five years in prison.
(Econ, 7/5/14, p.26)
1984 Michael Dell (19), a
student at the Univ. of Texas, founded Dell Computer in Austin,
(SFEC, 3/7/99, p.B9)(SSFC, 4/13/03, p.I1)
1984 Marketplace Chaplains USA
was founded in Dallas, Texas, to provide corporations with
chaplains. By 2007 it employed 2100 at 300 US companies in 46
(Econ, 8/25/07, p.60)
1984 A mass death row prisoner
escape took place from the Mecklenburg prison in Virginia. In 2000
Joe Jackson and William F. Burke Jr. authored "Dead Run: The Untold
Story of Dennis Stockton and America’s Only Mass Escape From Death
(SFEC, 4/16/00, BR p.12)
1984 Ron Levin, a con man who
swindled Joe Hunt, the leader of the Billionaire Boys Club, in a $4
million commodities scam, was reported killed. Members of the club,
a group of ambitious young men who put their money into
get-rich-quick schemes, were accused of the slaying. James Pittman,
a Hunt cohort, said in 1993 that he shot Levin in front of Hunt and
helped bury the body in the Angeles National Forest. Since 1984 a
number of people have claimed to have seen Levin alive. A woman said
she spotted Levin on the Greek island of Mykonos on Christmas day in
1987. Hunt was convicted of 1st degree murder in 1987.
(SFC, 5/3/96, A-11)(SFC, 7/13/96, p. A17)
1984 John J. Phelan Jr. became
chairman of the NYSE. He ran the exchange to 1990.
(WSJ, 4/14/07, p.A6)
1984 The Chicago Sun-Times was
bought by a group controlled by Australian magnate Rupert Murdoch
who also owned the New York Post. Columnist Mike Royko (1932-1997)
quit and joined the Chicago Tribune.
(SFC, 4/30/97, p.A6)
1984 GM and Toyota established
a joint venture, the New United Motor Manufacturing Inc. (NUMMI), to
build cars in Fremont, California.
(WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)(WSJ, 12/22/08, p.B2)
1984 Chrysler introduced the
Dodge Caravan, its first Minivan.
(WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)(WSJ, 12/22/08, p.B2)
1984 GM helped originate a jobs
bank in which employees continued to be paid even though the company
did not need them. Volunteer activity or clocked-in presence in a
“rubber room" was required.
(WSJ, 3/1/06, p.A1)
1984 The Hearst Corp. became a
founding partner of the A&E and Lifetime Television cable
networks. Hearst also acquired Diversion, a magazine for physicians
at leisure, and a group of Texas newspapers.
(SFC, 8/7/99, p.A9)
1984 Rush Limbaugh, an
unemployed disc jockey from Kansas City, was hired by a Sacramento
AM radio station. In 1988 Limbaugh took his show national and moved
(SFCM, 11/16/03, p.44)
1984 Boeing released its first
757 airplane. The medium range, twin turbofan plane was built for
(SFC, 10/3/96, p.A8)
1984 Amstar Corp. [Domino
sugar] was taken private.
(WSJ, 5/28/96, p. R-45)
1984 American Brands sold its
tobacco operations to B.A.T. Industries PLC.
(WSJ, 5/28/96, p. R-45)
1984 Robert Brooks (1937-2006)
and a group of Atlanta investors bought expansion and franchise
rights to the Hooters restaurant chain. The 1st store had opened in
Florida in 1983.
1984 Michael Eisner took over
the Disney Corp. In 2000 Kim Masters authored "The Keys to the
Kingdom," a business biography of Eisner.
(SFC, 3/24/00, p.W10)
1984 Richard Scrushy founded
HealthSouth and took it public in 1986. His strategy was to combine
rehabilitation and surgery centers for a wide variety of procedures,
mostly outpatient, and provide services more cheaply than hospitals.
His salary and bonus approached $7 million in 1996.
(WSJ, 12/4/96, p.A1)
1984 Kraft Corp. bought
Lender’s Bagels, maker of frozen bagels, and launched a national ad
campaign for the brand.
(SFC, 10/16/96, zz1 p.6)
1984 Cisco Systems was founded
by Sandy Lerner and her husband Len Bosack. It was one of the first
companies to connect networks of computers to other networks.
1984 Crazy Eddie Inc. went
public. The retail electronics chain grew rapidly and then burned
out in 1989 in a scandal of missing inventory, stolen cash and bogus
merchandise bookings. In 1990 assets were frozen and founder Eddie
Antar disappeared under charges of bilking investors out of $74 mil.
He was nabbed in Israel in 1992 and sent to a US prison.
(WSJ, 6/13/96, p.A1,8)
1984 Hewlett-Packard introduced
the HP Laser-Jet printer. Company sales passed $6 billion and the
number of workers approached 85,000. HP also introduced a printer
using its ground-breaking thermal inkjet printing technology.
(SFC, 3/3/99, p.A11)(SFC, 2/22/06, p.C1)
1984 Doug Lenat founded Cycorp
to develop the Cyc database in an effort to teach a computer common
sense. In 2002 a web link was established to gather data from the
(SFC, 6/10/02, p.E1)
1984 Levi introduced its "501
Blues" ad to jump-start jeans sales under CEO Robert Haas, the
great-great-grandnephew of founded Levi Strauss.
(SFC, 4/29/03, B1)
1984 John Lasseter left his
animation job at Disney to join George Lucas’ special effects
computer group. The division was purchased in 1986 by Steve Jobs and
(SFC, 1/25/06, p.C1)
1984 Nike signed a 5-year
contract with Michael Jordan. The Air Jordan basketball shoe was
released in 1985 for $65.
(WSJ, 11/11/03, p.B1)
1984 Motorola introduced a
brick-sized cell phone for $4,000. [see Apr 3, 1983]
(WSJ, 10/30/03, p.A1)
1984 Prodigy was founded as a
joint venture of CBS, IBM and Sears. CBS dropped out in 1986, two
years before the first service called Trintex went online. Its name
was changed to Prodigy in 1989 and went national in 1990. In 1996 it
was sold for less than $200 million to its management, a private
group with backing by the Mexican firm Grupo Carso.
(SFC, 5/13/96, p.A4)(WSJ, 1/22/98, p.B14)
1984 The US National Organ
Transplant classified human organs as a national resource and
prohibited their sale.
(SFC, 5/6/99, p.A9)
1984 The American Cancer
Society inaugurated October as National Breast Cancer Awareness
(SSFC, 10/22/06, p.D1)(http://tinyurl.com/q6teg9)
1984 CERN laboratory in Europe
showed evidence of a sixth quark.
(NG, May 1985, J. Boslough, p. 650)
1984 Tim Berners-Lee, a
researcher at CERN, envisioned a computer system for researchers to
share documents and databases. This grew to become the World Wide
Web. In 2004 Lee won the 1st Millennium Technology Prize.
(WSJ, 10/1/99, p.W6)(SFC, 4/16/04, p.C1)
1984 Ray Ozzie left Lotus
Development and founded Iris Associates, which created Lotus Notes,
a collaborative software program. Iris was acquired by Lotus in 1994
and Lotus was acquired by IBM in 1995. In 2006 Bill Gates named
Ozzie to succeed him as Microsoft’s Chief Software Architect.
1984 An oil industry ship was
modified as a scientific drilling vessel and named the JOIDES
Resolution, Joint Oceanographic Institutions for Deep Earth
Sampling. The Resolution was in commemoration of James Cook’s 18th
cent. exploration ship.
(SFC, 6/18/96, p.D1)
1984 A new medium priced home
in the US was priced at $79,900.
1984 A landmark study on
cholesterol provided the first conclusive evidence that lowering
blood cholesterol can prevent heart attacks. Basil Rifkind (d.2008
at 73), Scotland-born physician, co-chaired the NIH Consensus
Conference on Lowering Blood Cholesterol to Prevent Heart Disease.
(SFC, 7/1/08, p.B5)
1984 Dr. Daniel Peterson
reported 1,700 cases of chronic fatigue syndrome in the town of
Incline Village, Nev.
(SFC, 10/14/96, p.A4)
1984 The first triphasic birth
control pills were introduced. Later test showed that women who used
the pills reported greater sexual desire and satisfaction than those
using older formulations. The triphasics switch the dosage of
estrogen every week or ten days.
1984 In California cancer cases
began popping up in McFarland in the Central Valley. 21 people over
20 years were struck in the town of 8,000. A state study from
1985-1991 ended inconclusively and the EPA was petitioned to study
the problem. Residents suspected airborne pesticides.
(SFC, 1/17/98, p.A5)
1984 Kathelyn Steimer
(1948-1996) assisted in the first sequencing and cloning of HIV with
colleagues Dino Dina and Paul Luciv at Chiron Corp.
(SFC, 11/21/96, p.C7)
1984 Chiron Corp. discovered
and cloned hepatitis B antigens, a step toward the 1st genetically
(SFC, 11/1/05, p.D1)
1984 AIDS was reported to have
been transmitted to a health care worker by an accidental needle
(SFC, 4/13/98, p.A6)
1984 The deadly algae, Caulerpa
taxifolia, was accidentally introduced into the Mediterranean Sea.
It appeared to be a product of genetic mutation brought about by the
use of ultraviolet light in aquariums. By 1996 it had spread from
Spain to Croatia and slugs were being introduced that feed on the
(SFC, 11/2/96, p.A18)
1984 Scientists discovered the
alpha-defensin proteins, used by a class of white blood cells that
kill and eat bacteria. In 2002 they were believed to play a key role
in suppressing AIDS.
(SFC, 9/27/02, p.A14)(WSJ, 9/27/02, p.B1)
1984 Pan American Satellite
(PanAmSat) was founded in Greenwich, Connecticut, as part of Alpha
Lyracom under Rene Anselmo (1926-1995). The company orbited a series
of communications satellites providing television broadcast to the
US and Latin American markets. In 1996 it merged with Hughes Galaxy.
1984 Peter Cartwright founded
Calpine Corp., an energy company, in San Jose, Ca. He stepped down
as CEO in 2005 as the company faced possible bankruptcy.
(SFC, 11/30/05, p.C1)
1984 Shuttle astronauts
repaired the Solar Maximum Mission satellite.
(NG, 5/88, p.644)
1984 The space shuttle
Challenger turned up images of Oman of what was thought to be the
"lost city of Ubar."
(SFEC, 7/5/98, p.A10)
1984 The oldest know shipwreck
was found off the southern coast of Turkey at Uluburun (Big
Nose/Cape) by Dr. George Bass. It dates to about 1300BC, the era of
the fall of Troy and reign of King Tut.
(MT, 3/96, p.2)
1984 In Oregon members of the
Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh cult sprinkled Salmonella typhimurium
bacteria in supermarkets, salad bars and restaurant coffee creamers
near Portland. Over 750 people were sickened.
(SFC, 2/20/98, p.A9)(SSFC, 10/14/01, p.R1)
1984 In Texas Karla Faye Tucker
and a male companion took a pick-ax to two people. She was convicted
and sentenced to die. She was executed on Feb 3, 1998.
1984 Roberta "Bibi" Lee, the
college girlfriend of Bradley Page, was murdered. Page was convicted
for voluntary manslaughter in 1988 and was paroled in 1995.
(SFC, 4/20/00, p.C5)
1984 Salim Moussa Achi
(b.1909), aka Dr. Dahesh, Lebanese author and humanist, died. His
art collection later formed the core of the Dahesh Museum of Art in
(WSJ, 9/9/03, p.D6)(www.humanitiesweb.org)
1984 Julio Cortazar, Argentine
writer, died. His novels included "Final Exam" "Cronopios and
Famas," and "Hopscotch." The English translation of Cronopios by
Paul Blackburn was published in 1962 and reissued in 2000.
(SFEC, 4/2/00, BR p.8)(SFEC, 8/6/00, BR p.12)
1984 Gyula Halasz, Hungarian
born photographer (aka Brassai), died. He was a friend of Picasso
and Henry Miller and was known as the "Eye of Paris" for his night
time photographs in the 1930s. His "Secret Paris of the 30s" was
published in 1976. He published 2 books on Henry Miller and
"Conversations With Picasso."
(WSJ, 1/15/98, p.W12)
1984 Black author Chester Himes
(b.1909) died in Paris. His work included "Cast the First Stone," a
somber tale of prison life written it in 1937 under the title
"Yesterday Will Make You Cry." He was best known for his crime
novels and settled in Paris in 1954. In 2001 James Sallis authored
"Chester Himes: A Life."
(SFEC, 3/1/98, BR p.7)(SSFC, 2/25/01, BR
p.1)(WSJ, 4/6/01, p.W9)
1984 Lee Krasner, artist
(b.1908), died. She is one of 3 artists covered by Anne Middleton
Wagner in "Three Artists (Three Women): Modernism in the Art of
Hesse, Krasner and O’Keefe."
(HFA, '96, p.42)(SFC, 5/12/96, p.T-7)
1984 Ray Kroc, co-founder of
McDonald’s Restaurants, died.
(USAT, 9/24/98, p.3A)
1984 Mabel Mercer (84), New
York cabaret singer, died. A video of her work was made titled:
"Mabel Mercer: Cabaret Artist/ ‘Forever and Always.’"
(WSJ, 3/12/97, p.A16)
1984 Alice Neel (b.1900),
humanist painter, died. She did figure painting in New York when
abstraction dominated the scene. Her work included "Mother and
Child" (1967), "Andy Warhol (1970)," "Geoffrey Hendricks and Brian"
(1978), and "Don Perlis and Jonathon" (1982).
(SFEM, 9/15/96, p.6)(SFC, 9/28/96, p.E1)(WSJ,
1984 Gloria Swanson, actress,
died. She was an advocate of the sugar-free diet. In 1976 William
Dufty (d.2002) authored "Sugar Blues" and became Swanson’s 6th
husband. He was the ghostwriter of her 1981 autobiography: "Swanson
(SFC, 7/5/02, p.A24)
1984 Brooks Walker, lumberman
and inventor, died. He was the president of Shasta Forest Products
and held over 250 patents and invented such items as smog-control
devices, Venetian blinds and shock absorbers. The Brooks Walker
Patent Center in San Francisco’s New Main Library was later named in
(SFC, 10/29/96, p.B2)
1984 UN sent investigators to
Afghanistan to examine reported human rights violations.
1984 The Argentine Forensic
Anthropology Team was founded in Buenos Aires by the American Clyde
Snow to investigate human rights abuses and solve legal cases.
(SFC, 5/12/96, Z1p.4)
1984 Gulf Cooperation Council
(GCC) members (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar and Saudi Arabia, UAR)
agreed on the creation of a two-brigade (10,000 troops) Peninsula
Shield Force, based in Saudi Arabia near the Kuwaiti and Iraqi
1984 Off the island of Bonaire,
Netherland Antilles, the Hilma Hooker, a 235 ton freighter, sank.
(SFEC, 10/6/96, T8)
1984 Benedita da Silva was
elected to the lower house and became the first black woman in the
Brazilian Congress. She later was elected as a senator.
1984 In Brazil the Landless
Rural Worker’s Movement (MST) was founded and began winning land by
illegally occupying unused areas. 3% of the nation’s 167 million
people owned 66% of the arable land.
(SFC, 6/28/97, p.A10)(SFC, 7/6/00, p.A12)(Econ,
1984 Brazil’s military
government created an Amazon nature reserve. In 2017 a federal court
blocked plans to open up about 30% of the area to mining.
(SSFC, 9/3/17, p.C14)
1984 British historian Maurice
H. Keen (1933-2012) authored “Chivalry." The book redefined medieval
(NYT, 9/27/12, p.a23)
1984 The Turner Prize in art
was initiated by the Tate Gallery's Patrons of New Art. The members
included Charles Saatchi. Malcolm Morley was the first winner. It
established in honor of 19th-century J. M. W. Turner, who had long
wished to set up an award for younger artists.
(WSJ, 12/1/99, p.A24)(AFP, 12/3/13)
1984 In Britain Ted Hughes was
appointed Poet Laureate.
(SFC, 1/19/98, p.A10)
1984 Britain enacted the Video
Recordings Act (VRA), which regulated the pornography industry, but
later failed to notify the European Commission of the existence of
1984 Britain’s Lord Carrington
(b.1919) began serving as Secretary-General of NATO and continued to
1984 British coal miners lost a
bitter strike against pit closings.
(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R25)
1984 Britain’s Johnson Matthey
Bankers was purchased by the Bank of England for one million pounds
as regulators judged it too big to allow to go bust.
1984 Glen Renfrew (d.2006 at
age 71) led Reuters to an IPO on the London Stock Exchange. Renfrew
served as CEO from 1981 to 1991. Born the son of a coal miner in
Aberdare, Australia, Renfrew attended the University of Sydney
before moving to England in the 1950s.
1984 British Telecom was
privatized under PM Thatcher.
1984 In Britain a preserved
male body was found in a peat bog in Cheshire. Analysis revealed
that the “Lindow Man" was about 25 when he died about 2,000 years
(Econ, 12/14/13, p.89)
1984 Brunei gained independence
(SFC, 7/1/97, p.A9)
1984 In Cameroon Lake
Monoun exploded spewing out carbon dioxide gas that asphyxiated 37
people in a nearby villages. An int’l. team of scientists began
venting the lake in 2003.
1984 In Canada Larry Zolf
authored “Survival of the Fattest -an Irreverent View of the
1984 The film "Next of Kin" was
directed by Canadian Atom Egoyan. It was about a lazy 23-year-old
living with his parents.
1984 In Canada responsibility
for security intelligence was taken away from the Mounties when a
separate intelligence agency was created.
(Econ, 9/23/06, p.42)
1994 In Canada a majority of
the Mohawk Council of Kahnawake passed a bylaw stipulating that a
person must have at least 4 Mohawk great grandparents to live or own
property on its 13,000 acre reservation just south of Montreal.
(Econ, 2/27/10, p.44)
1984 Guy Laliberte and a group
of stilt-walkers from Baie-Saint-Paul created The Cirque de Soleil,
a Canadian animal-free circus. Revenues in 2004 reached $550
(SFC, 9/14/96, p.B4)(Econ, 2/5/05, p.61)(Econ,
1984 Mike Lazaridis, while a
student at the Univ. of Waterloo in Ontario, co-founded Research In
Motion (RIM) with Douglas Fregin. In 1997 Lazaridis came up with the
idea for a small thumb-using keyboard and RIM went on to produce the
hand-held Blackberry e-mail device.
(Econ, 3/19/05, p.68)(Econ, 9/23/06, TQ p.36)
1984 Canada established a tidal
research station in its eastern Bay of Fundy.
(Econ, 4/28/07, p.71)
1984 The Annapolis Basin tidal
power plant in Nova Scotia began to convert tidal friction to
electric power at a 20 megawatt peak.
(CFA, '96, p.82)
1984 Chile’s military
government set up the Taxable Profits Fund (FUT), a mechanism to
encourage investments by allowing companies to defer indefinitely
payment of some tax on retained profits.
(Econ, 5/24/14, p.32)
1984 Alpacas from Chile began
arriving in the US after the US lifted a ban.
(WSJ, 4/5/07, p.A10)
1984 The Southern Weekend
entertainment supplement was established by the Southern Daily, a
newspaper owned by the Communist Party Committee of Guangdong
province. In 1998 under Shen Hao (27) it began featuring real news
and investigative stories.
(WSJ, 7/21/98, p.A1)
1984 In China Deng Xiaoping
moved to streamline the military. He cut the ranks from 4 million to
3 million and ordered the military to find ways to pay for itself.
(SFEC, 5/4/97, p.A14)
1984 In China the ICBC bank was
spun out of the People’s Bank of China.
(Econ, 5/15/10, SR p.5)
1984 Shanghai Automotive
Industry Corp. (SAIC) with government support partnered with
Volkswagen and produced the Santana model sedan. VW was the
first foreign carmaker to establish operation in China.
(WSJ, 6/30/99, p.A19)(Econ, 11/15/08, SR p.4)
1984 China’s Lenovo computer
firm was founded by 11 engineers, including Liu Chuanzhi, with a
$25,000 loan from the Chinese Academy of Sciences to help
commercialize government-funded technologies. Until 2004 it was
known as Legend Computer. By 2012 Lenovo’s revenues reached $15
(Econ, 8/4/12, p.61)(Econ, 1/12/12, p.55)(Econ,
1984 Rabbit Calicivirus Disease
was 1st discovered among rabbits in China. It appeared in the US for
the 1st time in 2000.
(WSJ, 7/3/02, p.A1)
1984 In Colombia Pres.
Belisario Betancur sent emissaries to a FARC stronghold and
established a cease-fire.
(SFC, 1/8/99, p.A13)
1984 Colombia passed
legislation giving all rights to the treasure of the San Jose
galleon, sunk by the British navy in 1708. Sea Search Armada (SSA)
reportedly divulged the site of the wreck to the government in 1982.
The government later said the ship was nowhere near where SSA said
(Econ, 12/12/15, p.37)
1984 In Croatia, Yugoslavia,
Radio 101, an 800 watt station in Zagreb, became the first
(WSJ, 7/25/96, p.A1)
1984 Eriberto Mederos, aka El
Enfermero (the Nurse), joined the Cuban boat lift to America. He
became a US citizen in 1993. He had worked as the administrator of
electric shock therapy to political opponents of the Castro regime.
In 2001 he was arrested and faced deportation for lying about his
former occupation. In 2002 Mederos (79) was convicted in Florida for
concealing his past.
(SFC, 11/16/01, p.E3)(SFC, 8/2/02, p.A6)
1984 In Ecuador Abdala Bucaram
was elected mayor of Guayaquil, the country’s largest city. He left
the country shortly thereafter when an arrest warrant was issued for
him for insulting the armed forces. He had said that the army was
useless and wasted half the nation’s budget on marching in the
country’s independence day parade.
(WSJ, 7/3/96, p.A8)
1984 In Ethiopia the Ogaden
National Liberation Front (ONLF) was formed for the independence of
Ogaden, which Rebels claimed has been marginalized by Addis Ababa.
The region is suspected of holding large oil and natural gas
1984 The EU introduced milk
quotas. They were designed when low market prices and high subsidies
were filling EU warehouses with surplus “butter mountains" and
mounds of milk powder, at ever greater cost to the EU budget. The
quotas were abolished in 2015.
1984 French Pres. Francois
Mitterrand appointed Laurent Fabius (38) as Prime Minister.
(SFC, 2/9/99, p.A1)
1984 The French granted
Polynesia internal autonomy.
(SFEC, 3/2/97, p.T12)
1984 French Pres. Francois
Mitterrand visited California’s Silicon Valley and met with Steve
Jobs. Soon after the French government promised a microcomputer in
every French school.
(Econ, 2/8/14, p.50)
1984 In Guatemala Cival, about
25 miles east of the much better known city of Tikal, was
discovered. Cival was abandoned about 100 CE. Artifacts at the site
dated from 500-300 BCE.
1984 In Guinea Lansana Conte
seized power in a coup after the death of his predecessor, Ahmed
(SFC, 12/18/98, p.D9)(AP, 9/29/09)
1984 The trading firm Jardine,
Matheson & Co., in Hong Kong since 1842, shifted its legal
domicile to Bermuda.
1984 In India Kanshi Ram
(1934-2006) founded the Bahujan Samaj Party to promote the interests
of the low caste Hindus, also known as dalits, or untouchables.
(SFC, 10/10/06, p.B7)
1984 In India an underground
rail network began operating in the city of Calcutta (later
(Econ, 10/5/13, p.46)
1984 Ajay Piramal (29) took
over as head of the family business following the sudden death of
his brother. Under his leadership the Piramal Group evolved from a
textile centric business to a USD 2 billion conglomerate with
diversified business interests across pharmaceuticals, packaging,
financial services and real estate. In 2012 Piramal moved into
health care services and acquired Decision Resources, a
Massachusetts firm, that analyzes and crunches data on drugs and
1984 In India some 8,000 Sikhs
were killed across the country this year as police stood by.
(Econ, 8/28/04, p.16)(Econ, 12/14/13, p.32)
1984 In Italy the government of
Premier Bettino Craxi signed a decree securing a virtual monopoly of
private television for businessman Silvio Berlusconi.
(Econ, 1/9/10, p.53)
1984 In Italy the Vatican paid
$244 million for its part in a bank scandal that saw the collapse of
another Italian bank.
(SFEM, 1/19/97, p.10)
1984 In Italy the Red Brigades
split into two movements: the majority faction of the Communist
Combatant Party (Red Brigades-PCC) and the minority of the Union of
Combatant Communists (Red Brigades-UCC). The second position later
morphed into the Politico-military Communist Party (PCPM). The same
year, four imprisoned leaders, Curcio, Moretti, Iannelli and
Bertolazzi, rejected the armed struggle as pointless.
1984 Abba Eban helped
prepare a 13-part television series about Jewish history called
"Heritage: Civilization and the Jews." He later wrote a book by the
1984 The Shas Party first ran
for the Knesset. This Israeli political party was founded by Ovadiah
Yosef prior to the elections through the merger of regional lists
established in 1983. Shas, the religious party of Jews of Eastern
descent, emerged as a self-directed movement of Sephardic Jews. The
name comes from the Hebrew and means Sephardi Torah Guardians. It
had begun as a small faction on the Jerusalem City Council.
7/20/99, p.A10) (SFC, 7/20/99, p.A10)(Econ, 10/5/13, p.53)
1984 Israel’s public debt
reached nearly 300% of GDP this year and hyperinflation peaked at
450% a year.
(Econ 5/20/17, SR p.8)
1984 In the "Bus 300 affair"
Ehud Yatom, Israeli member of the Shin Bet security agency,
bludgeoned to death 2 Palestinian bus hijackers.
(SFC, 6/16/01, p.A6)
1984 In Japan Kazuo Inamori,
founder of the Japanese technology group Kyocera, established the
annual Kyoto Prizes for achievements in advanced technology, basic
sciences, arts and philosophy. The Inamori Foundation administered
1984 The Japanese firm Suntory
purchased the Chateau St. Jean winery in Sonoma, Calif. They sold it
(WSJ, 8/12/96, p.A4)
1984 In Japan a concrete
anti-tsunami structure spanning 673 feet (205 m) was completed in
Fudai under Mayor Kotaku Wamura. The total bill of 3.56 billion yen
was split between the prefecture and central government. Two
disasters in 1896 and 1933 had destroyed hundreds of homes and
killed 439 people. The wall allowed Fudai to survive the tsunami of
1984 In Japan a split in the
yakuza, the country’s biggest organized crime group, left some two
dozen gang members dead in territorial battles.
(Econ, 9/12/15, p.38)
1984 Japan’s Sakura company
rolled out the first gel ink pen. By 1999 the gelly pen was a huge
fad among kids in the US.
(WSJ, 6/15/99, p.A1)
1984 Shoko Asahara started a
yoga school in Tokyo. In 1987 he founded the Aum Shinri Kyo cult.
(WSJ, 9/28/01, p.A12)
1984 Uniqlo, a Japanese
clothing retailer, opened its first store.
(Econ, 6/26/10, p.65)
1984 Kenya’s Equity Building
Society started operations as a check-cashing venture for farmers.
By 2012 half of all bank accounts in the country were with Equity.
(Econ, 12/8/12, p.76)
1984 A team led by Richard
Leakey unearthed hominid bones at Nariokotome in West Turkana, in
the far northern reaches of Kenya. The skeleton of the 1.6 million
year old 5-foot-3 Turkana Boy, who died at age 12, was preserved in
marshland before its discovery.
1984 In Liberia Samuel Doe
allowed the return of political parties under pressure from the US.
1984 In Lichtenstein women
gained the right to vote.
(SSFC, 9/2/07, p.D3)
1984 In Mauritania Maaoya
Sid'Ahmed Taya took power in a military coup and tried to legitimize
his rule in the 1990s through elections the opposition says were
fraudulent. He was ousted in a military coup in 2005.
1984 William Flanagan, head of
Arriba Ltd., signed a deal with Mexico’s Petroleum Worker’s Union
for at least 6 million barrels of slop oil. The union failed to
deliver and Flanagan won a suit in 1986. The judgement ballooned to
nearly $250 million in 2002 with still no settlement.
(WSJ, 2/20/02, p.A1)
1984 Morocco left the
Organization of African Unity after a majority of member states
recognized Polisario and granted it membership as the Sahrawi Arab
Democratic Republic SADR).
(Econ, 2/25/17, p.40)
1984 In Mozambique the 415-mile
Sena Railway line was damaged and mined by RENAMO insurgents. After
it was sabotaged, not one train used it for more than 20 years.
1984 In Nepal authorities began
to introduce 72 rhinos, also known as the Indian rhinoceros, in the
Babai Valley, 320 km southwest of Kathmandu, as part of a
conservation drive. By 2007 at least 23 had died due to poaching and
other causes, and the rest were missing.
1984 New Zealand withdrew
handouts to farmers forcing them to invest in their businesses and
club together to buy and sell. By 2015 they were among the most
efficient in the world.
(Econ, 2/7/15, p.54)
1984 The Nicaragua Sandinistas
confiscated four farms that belonged to Juan Manuel Caldera. In 1996
Daniel Ortega promised Caldera control of 7 key economic ministries
in an electoral pact for the presidency.
(WSJ, 10/9/96, p.A15)
1984 The North Korean film
“Emissary of No Return" won Best Director at a film festival in
Czechoslovakia. It was directed by Shin Sang-ok, kidnapped from
South Korea in 1978.
(Econ., 3/21/15, p.76)
1984 A Pakistani law declared
Ahmadis to be non-Muslims. Ahmadis consider themselves Muslim but
believe in a prophet after Mohammed and many Pakistanis consider
1984 In Peru anthropologist
Jose Matos Mar (1921-2015) authored “Desborde Popular y Crisis del
Estado" (Popular Overspill and Crisis of the State). Here he argued
that migration from the Andes to the coastal regions amounted to an
unstoppable tide of social change.
(Econ, 8/22/15, p.32)
1984 Hernando de Soto presented
the results of his study on Peru’s informal economy. He had mapped
the migration of mountain people to urban Lima, where they squatted
on undeveloped public land and created vibrant informal economies.
In 1986 he published his results in the book: "The Other Path."
(WSJ, 10/9/00, p.A38)(Econ, 8/26/06, p.11)
1984 In Peru the Cuban-inspired
Tupac Amuru Revolutionary Movement (MRTA) took up arms.
(SFC, 12/19/96, p.A1)
1984 In the Philippines the
volunteer National Citizen’s Movement for Free Elections (Namfrel)
was founded by business and church leaders disgusted with the
corrupt elections run by the Marcos government.
(SFC, 5/13/98, p.A10)
1984 In the Philippines the
Bataan Nuclear Power Plant was completed at a cost of $2.3 billion,
but remained dormant. In 2011 it was planned to open to tour groups
to teach them about nuclear power.
1984 In Russia Alexander
Pajitnov, a computer programmer at the Moscow Academy of Science,
invented the game "Tetris" on an old Electronica 60 computer. He
gave up the rights to the game to the State for ten years. In 1985
it was introduced on the IBM and Commodore 64 and ported to handheld
devices in 1989. In 1996 rights for the game reverted back to
Pajitnov. He and Henk Rogers soon founded Blue Planet Software to
manage the Tetris rights.
(SFC, 7/7/96, C5)(SFC, 6/3/09, p.C5)(SFC, 6/6/14,
1984 South Africa’s ANC
executed 7 of its guerrillas by firing squad and sentenced another 8
to death in Angola’s Pango camp.
(Econ, 1/12/13, p.75)
1984 The South African magazine
Drum was bought by Naspers, a staunchly pro-apartheid media house.
The magazine was founded in 1951 in Johannesburg.
1984 In South Korea Yoon
Jeong-Hun (58) was arrested on charges of collecting military
secrets for North Korea while studying at a medical college in
Seoul. Yoon, who was born to Korean parents in Osaka, Japan, was
sentenced to seven years in jail in the same year. He was paroled in
1988. In 2011 an appeals court cleared him of espionage charges,
saying his confession was made under torture by military
1984 In Spain excavations began
in a cave in the Atapuerco mountains at a site called Sima de los
Huesos (the Pit of the Bones). In 2014 a UC Berkeley scientist dated
Neanderthal bones found there to between 410,000 and 470,000 years
1984 The island of St. Kitts
established a Citizenship-by-Investment Program. The selling of
passports surged after terms were revised in 2007.
(http://www.ciu.gov.kn/)(Econ, 7/4/15, p.29)
1984 War rekindled in the
Sudan. A government official stated that: "The southerners were
being used by the Marxist Ethiopians and by Col. Qaddafi of Libya to
cause trouble for Sudan." Pres. Nimeiri set an edict to make Islamic
law the code of the land. The Sudanese People’s Liberation Army was
led by John Garang a former Sudanese army colonel with a Ph.D. in
economics from Iowa St. Univ.
(NG, May 1985, p.609)
1984 Syria began the production
of nerve gas.
(SSFC, 5/4/03, p.A11)
1984 Abdullah Ocalan, founder
of the Kurdistan Worker’s party, PKK, turned the group toward armed
struggle against the Turkish government.
(WSJ, 7/11/96, p.A10)(SFC, 11/14/98, p.A11)
1984 Upper Volta under Thomas
Sankara was renamed Burkina Faso (the land of upright people).
(WUD, 1994, p.1571)(AP, 11/22/14)
1984 Uruguay‘s military
dictatorship locked up an opposition leader.
(Econ, 11/14/15, p.36)
1984 In Uruguay the military
(SFC, 8/17/00, p.A18)
1984 In Uzbekistan an
earthquake, later linked to the extraction of hydrocarbons, killed
(Econ, 5/3/14, p.72)
1984 Pope John Paul II visited
South Korea and canonized over 100 martyrs executed from 1791-1888
during the Joseon Dynasty.
(SFC, 8/13/14, p.A7)
1984-1985 Dynasty was the top ranking network show
on television with a ranking of 25%.
(WSJ, 4/24/95, p.R-5)
1984-1985 Britain’s PM Thatcher’s clashes with
miner’s union leader Arthur Scargill, during the miner’s strike over
this period, established a turning point in British industrial
(Econ, 7/2/11, p.49)
1984-1985 Severe famine hit Ethiopia and took an
estimated 100,000 lives. The military regime taxed aid and spent the
proceeds on a grand celebration of the success of Marxism.
(SFC, 4/20/98, p.A8,12)(SFC, 11/6/00,
p.A12)(Econ, 4/1/17, p.40)
1984-1985 Famine ravaged the Karamoja region of
(Econ, 7/30/11, p.46)
1984-1986 The Florida prison population rose from
26,471 to 30,000.
1984-1986 Earth’s cloud banks were monitored by
satellites of the ERBE (Earth Radiation Budget Experiment). Three
satellites monitored virtually all of the atmosphere.
(NOHY, 3/90, p.125)
1984-1987 George Sanchez, the "Ski Mask" rapist of
San Jose, Ca., attacked 26 women over this time before he was
(SFC, 8/23/97, p.A1)
1984-1993 Brian Mulroney, Progressive
Conservative, served as the 18th Prime Minister of Canada.
(CFA, '96, p.81)
1984 Sep-1993 Dec, In South
Africa some 19,000 people were killed in political violence during
(SFC, 8/22/96, p.E1)
1984-1990 In Israel Ariel Sharon served as the
trade minister in the national unity government headed by Yitzhak
Shamir of Likud and Shimon Peres of Labor.
(SFC, 10/10/98, p.A8)
1984-1994 In California at least 5 elderly men
were suspected of being swindled and murdered by the SF Tene family
in the "foxglove" murder case. The family was related to the
Tene-Bimbo Gypsy clan of New York city. In 1997 5 indictments were
issued on family members. Three more suspects were still being
(SFC,11/6/97, p.A21)(SFC,11/8/97, p.A11)
1984-1996 In South Africa fighting between the
Inkatha and the ANC parties was believed to have killed 14,000
people over this time.
(USAT, 6/25/96, p.10A)