Return to home1990 Jan 1,
David Dinkins was sworn in as New York City's first black mayor.
1990 Jan 2, On Wall Street, the
Dow Jones Industrial Average ended the day above 2,800 for the first
time, at 2,810.15.
1990 Jan 2, A lahar from the
Mt. Redoubt volcano in Alaska flooded part of the oil terminal in
1990 Jan 2, Alan Hale Jr.
(b.1921), Skipper on Gilligan's Island, died of cancer.
1990 Jan 3, Ousted Panamanian
leader Manuel Noriega surrendered to U.S. forces, 10 days after
taking refuge in the Vatican's diplomatic mission.
1990 Jan 4, Charles Stuart, who
had claimed a gunman had killed his pregnant wife and wounded him,
leaped to his death from a Boston Harbor bridge after he became a
1990 Jan 4, Deposed Panamanian
leader Manuel Noriega was arraigned in federal district court in
Miami on drug-trafficking charges.
1990 Jan 4, In Sindh Province,
Pakistan, an overcrowded 16-car passenger train collided with
standing freight train and more than 210 people were killed.
(SFC, 6/4/98, p.A15)(AP, 2/18/04)
1990 Jan 5, President Bush told
a news conference the United States had a strong case against
deposed Panamanian leader Manuel Noriega and said he was convinced
Noriega would receive a fair trial on drug-trafficking charges.
1990 Jan 6, Defense Secretary
Dick Cheney told CNN the U.S. invasion of Panama should not be
viewed as a new "Bush doctrine" inclined toward military
intervention in countries where democratic elections had been
1990 Jan 7, The president of El
Salvador, Alfredo Cristiani, said in a nationally broadcast address
that military men two months earlier had massacred six Jesuit
priests, their housekeeper and her daughter.
1990 Jan 8, Terry Thomas (78),
English comic (Heroes), died of Parkinson's disease.
1990 Jan 8, Military tribunals
in Romania began trials of the country's dreaded security forces who
stood accused of resisting the revolution that toppled Nicolae
1990 Jan 9, The space shuttle
Columbia was launched on a 10-day mission that included retrieving a
drifting scientific satellite.
1990 Jan 10, NCAA approved the
random drug testing for college football players.
1990 Jan 10, Chinese Premier Li
Peng lifted Beijing's 7-month-old martial law and said that by
crushing pro-democracy protests the army had saved China from "the
abyss of misery."
1990 Jan 11, Soviet President
Mikhail S. Gorbachev visited Lithuania, where he sought to assure
supporters of independence that they would have a say in their
1990 Jan 12, Astronauts aboard
the space shuttle Columbia retrieved an 11-ton floating science
laboratory in a rescue mission that kept the satellite from plunging
1990 Jan 12, Civil Rights
activist Rev. Al Sharpton was stabbed in Bensonhurst, Brooklyn.
1990 Jan 12, Laurence J. Peter
(b.1919), author (Peter Principle), died of a stroke.
1990 Jan 13, L. Douglas Wilder
of Virginia, the nation's first elected black governor, took the
oath of office in Richmond.
1990 Jan 14, The Denver Broncos
and the San Francisco 49ers earned a trip to the Super Bowl by
winning the American and National Football Conference championships.
1990 Jan 16, Two Bank of Credit
and Commerce (BCCI) members pleaded guilty to money laundering.
1990 Jan 16, The Soviet Union
sent more than 11,000 reinforcements to the Caucasus to halt a civil
war between Armenians and Azerbaijanis.
1990 Jan 17, A federal judge in
Miami set March 1990 for the trial of ex-Panamanian leader Manuel
Noriega on drug trafficking charges. After initial delays, Noriega
was tried and convicted of racketeering and conspiracy to distribute
cocaine, and was sentenced to 40 years in prison, later cut to 30
1990 Jan 18, In an FBI sting,
Washington, D.C., Mayor Marion Barry was arrested for drug
possession. Barry was arrested while smoking crack cocaine and
fondling a woman who was not his wife. He was later convicted of a
(AP, 1/18/00)(SFC, 11/24/14, p.A6)
1990 Jan 18, A jury in Los
Angeles acquitted former preschool operators Raymond Buckey and his
mother, Peggy McMartin Buckey, of 52 child molestation charges.
1990 Jan 19, Arthur J.
Goldberg, former Supreme Court justice, labor secretary and U.S.
ambassador to the United Nations, was found dead in his Washington
apartment at age 81.
1990 Jan 19, Elias Zayek,
leader of the Christian Phalange party of Lebanon was shot and
killed in Byblos. Samir Geagea, leader of the of the Lebanese Forces
militia, was later accused and convicted (5/20/96) of the murder.
(SFC, 5/21/96, p.A-11)
1990 Jan 19, Bhagwan Shree
Rajneesh (b.1931), Indian guru (Osho), died in Pune, India. From
1981 to 1985 he resided in the US. His followers were involved in a
bio-terrorist attack in Oregon in 1984.
(SFC, 12/13/02, p.K6)(SFC, 6/15/05,
1990 Jan 20, The space shuttle
Columbia returned from an 11-day mission.
1990 Jan 20, Actress Barbara
Stanwyck died in Santa Monica, Calif., at age 82.
1990 Jan 20, The Soviets
attacked Baku, leaving dozens dead and wounded. Gen’l. Lebed led
Russian forces in Baku to crush the nationalist Azeri Popular Front.
62 civilians were killed and more than 200 wounded when the Soviet
army stormed into the city of Baku to end what Soviet leader Mikhail
Gorbachev called fratricidal killing between Muslim Azerbaijanis and
(WSJ, 12/18/96, p.A21)(CO, Grolier’s Amer. Acad.
Enc./ Azerbaijan)(WSJ, 8/7/96, p.A15)(AP, 1/20/00)
1990 Jan 21, Azerbaijan Pres.
Aliyev made his first public appearance since his 1987 resignation
from the Soviet Politburo. He broke the information blackout and
urged int’l. condemnation of the Soviet attack. Mutinous military
cadets fired on troops patrolling the capital during a crackdown on
a nationalist uprising.
(WSJ, 12/18/96, p.A21)(AP, 1/21/00)
1990 Jan 22, SF Giant’s first
baseman Will Clark became the baseball’s highest paid player as he
signed a 4-year contract for $15 million.
(SSFC, 1/18/15, DB p.46)
1990 Jan 22, A jury in
Syracuse, N.Y., convicted graduate student Robert T. Morris of
federal computer tampering charges for unleashing a "worm" that
crippled a computer network.
1990 Jan 22, Roman Vishniac
(b.1897), Russian-American street photographer, died in NYC. He is
best known for capturing on film the culture of Jews in Central and
Eastern Europe before the Holocaust.
(Econ, 1/26/13, p.76)
1990 Jan 22, Up to 2 million
Azerbaijanis marched through the republic's capital to mourn those
killed when Soviet troops put down a nationalist revolt.
1990 Jan 23, The 101st US
Congress convened its second session, facing an agenda that included
clean air legislation and deficit reduction.
1990 Jan 23, In Oregon Keith
Hunter Jesperson (b.1955) began his career as a serial killer with
the sexual assault and murder of Taunja Bennett. He went on to
murder 8 women. He was arrested in March, 1995. In October 1995 just
before going to trial, he pleaded guilty to the murder of Bennett.
Multnomah County Presiding Judge Donald H. Londer sentenced
Jesperson to life in prison, setting a minimum 30-year prison term
before being eligible for parole. Jesperson claimed to have murdered
up to 160 people in California, Florida, Washington, Oregon and
Wyoming. In 2002 Jack Olsen (d.2002) authored “I: The Creation
of a Serial Killer."
1990 Jan 24, The House voted
390-25 to override President Bush's veto of legislation protecting
Chinese students from deportation. Bush prevailed in a Senate vote
the next day.
1990 Jan 25, President Bush
proposed to add an additional $1.2 billion to the budget for the war
on drugs, including a 50% increase in military spending.
1990 Jan 25, An Avianca Boeing
707 ran out of fuel and crashed in Cove Neck, N.Y.; 73 of the 161
people aboard were killed.
1990 Jan 25, Actress Ava
Gardner, star in 60 films, died in London at age 67. Her 3 husbands
included Mickey Rooney (1942-1943), Artie Shaw (1945-1946) and Frank
(AP, 1/25/00)(SFEC, 3/12/00, Par p.2)
1990 Jan 26, Attorneys for
Manuel Noriega challenged the jurisdiction of U.S. courts to try the
deposed Panamanian leader on drug-trafficking charges, and said
Noriega should be declared a prisoner of war.
1990 Jan 27, In Romania, four
top associates of executed dictator Nicolae Ceausescu went on trial,
charged with abetting genocide.
1990 Jan 28, The San Francisco
49ers routed the Denver Broncos, 55-10, in the 24th Super Bowl.
1990 Jan 29, Former Exxon
Valdez skipper Joseph Hazelwood went on trial in Anchorage, Alaska,
on charges stemming from the nation's worst oil spill; Hazelwood
later was acquitted of the major charges and convicted of a
1990 Jan 30, A federal judge
ordered former President Reagan to provide excerpts of his personal
diaries to John M. Poindexter for the former national security
adviser's Iran-Contra trial. The judge later reversed himself,
deciding the material was not essential.
1990 Jan 31, McDonald's Corp.
opened its first fast-food restaurant in Moscow.
1990 Jan, In Albania
demonstrations at Shkodra forced authorities to declare a state of
(www, Albania, 1998)
1990 Feb 1, Jane Novak
(b.1896), film actress (Ghost Town), died of stroke in Woodland
Hills, Ca. Her career began with silent films.
1990 Feb 1, East Germany's
Communist premier, Hans Modrow, appealed for negotiations with West
Germany to forge a "united fatherland."
1990 Feb 2, In a dramatic
concession to South Africa's black majority, President F.W. de Klerk
lifted a ban on the African National Congress and promised to free
1990 Feb 2, In South Africa
Benedict Daswa, as Catholic schoolteacher, was beaten to death in a
spasm of violence born of a flash of lightning and a witch hunt. In
2012 a movement was under way to have the Vatican declare Daswa
South Africa's first saint. Daswa was beatified on Sep 13.2015.
(AP, 7/15/12)(AFP, 9/13/15)
1990 Feb 3, The parliament of
Bulgaria elected economist Andrei Lukanov to replace a hard-line
Communist as premier. Lukanov became the prime minister after rising
to the number 2 spot of the Communist hierarchy under Zhivkov. He
oversaw the party’s formal break with Stalinism and victory in the
first free elections.
(SFC, 10/5/96, p.A10)(AP, 2/3/00)
1990 Feb 4, Nine people were
killed as guerrillas attacked a bus carrying Israeli tourists near
1990 Feb 4, Cheering protesters
thronged Moscow streets to demand that the Communists surrender
their stranglehold on power.
1990 Feb 5, The Nepali Congress
passed a resolution officially launching the "country-wide peaceful
mass movement." Shortly thereafter, as many as 475 opposition party
members, human rights advocates, students, lawyers and journalists
were arrested. In a number of incidents, police opened fire
indiscriminately into crowds of unarmed demonstrators. Estimates of
the number killed range from 50 to several hundred. While the lower
figure probably is more accurate, the precise figure may never be
known because the police disposed of many of the bodies in secret
without conducting inquests.
1990 Feb 5, Soviet leader
Mikhail S. Gorbachev told the Communist Party it had to earn the
right to rule, instead of treating it as an unchallenged right.
1990 Feb 6, Soviet Communist
Party leaders decided to extend a two-day party session by an extra
day amid controversy over Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev's
proposals to revamp the country's political structure.
1990 Feb 7, An 811-foot tanker,
the American Trader, spilled hundreds of thousands of gallons of
Alaskan crude oil off the coast of Huntington Beach, Calif.
1990 Feb 7, Judith Clancy
(b.1950), SF artist, died of cancer.
1990 Feb 7, In Pakistan riots
broke out between rival political parties and 22 people were hurt.
1990 Feb 7, The Soviet Union's
Communist Party agreed to let other political parties compete for
control of the country, thereby giving up its monopoly on power.
1990 Feb 8, CBS television
temporarily suspended Andy Rooney for his anti-gay and anti-black
remarks in a gay magazine interview.
1990 Feb 8, In NYC a gunman
botched an attempt to rob a diamond courier. He then shot and killed
Rabbi Chaskel Werzberger in his vehicle and rode off in the vehicle.
David Ranta, an unemployed drug addict, was arrested on
circumstantial evidence and “uncertain" witness testimony. In 2013
Ranta was freed from his 37.5 year prison sentence.
(SFC, 2/22/13, p.A7)
1990 Feb 9, John Gotti
(1940-2002) was acquitted of charges that he commissioned the
Westies gang to shoot a union official in Manhattan’s Hell’s
Kitchen. This earned him the nickname "The Teflon Don."
(SFC, 6/11/02, p.A2)
1990 Feb 9, Perrier Group of
America Inc. announced it was voluntarily recalling its inventory of
mineral water in the United States after tests showed the presence
of benzene in a small number of bottles.
1990 Feb 9, The Galileo
satellite, launched Oct. 18, 1989, made its closest approach to
1990 Feb 10, In Indonesia Mount
Kelud erupted. Some 33 post eruption lahars took place from Feb
15-mar28 and more than 30 people were killed with hundreds injured.
1990 Feb 10, South African
President F.W. de Klerk announced that black activist Nelson Mandela
would be released the next day after 27 years in captivity.
1990 Feb 11, In a stunning
upset, heavyweight champion Mike Tyson was knocked out in the 10th
round of his fight with Buster Douglas in Tokyo.
1990 Feb 11, Nelson Mandela was
released from South Africa’s Victor Verster prison after being
detained for 27 years as a political prisoner fighting against
(AP, 2/11/97)(SFC, 12/6/13, p.A19)
1990 Feb 12, President Bush
rejected Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev's new initiative for
troop reductions in Europe, but predicted a "major success" on arms
control at the superpower summit in June.
1990 Feb 12, Robert Ouko
(b.1931), Kenya’s foreign minister and member of the Luo tribe, was
murdered during his investigation of corruption charges against the
1990 Feb 13, At a conference in
Ottawa, the United States and its European allies forged agreement
with the Soviet Union and East Germany on a two-stage formula to
1990 Feb 14, Space probe
Voyager 1 took photographs of entire solar system.
1990 Feb 14, Ninety-four people
were killed when an Indian Airlines passenger jet crashed while
landing at a southern Indian airport.
1990 Feb 15, Professional
baseball owners locked out their players.
(440 Int’l., 2/15/99)
1990 Feb 15, President Bush and
the leaders of Colombia, Bolivia and Peru met in Cartagena, Colombia
for a drug-fighting summit.
1990 Feb 15, The San Francisco
Recreation and Parks Commission decided that the gigantic concrete
cross atop Mount Davidson will remain a city-owned landmark, but
that it should never be lit again.
(SSFC, 2/15/15, DB p.42)
1990 Feb 16, Former President
Reagan began two days of giving a videotaped deposition in Los
Angeles for the Iran-Contra trial of former national security
adviser John Poindexter.
1990 Feb 17, Former President
Reagan spent a second day in a Los Angeles courtroom, giving
videotaped testimony about the Iran-Contra affair for the trial of
his former national security adviser, John Poindexter.
1990 Feb 17, The first set of
Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) officials were elected.
Due to electoral protest, the ARMM formally started to function only
on July 9, 1990 following the oath taking of Atty. Zacaria A. Candao
as First Regional Governor of ARMM.
1990 Feb 18, In general
elections, Japan's conservative governing party held onto its
34-year-old majority in the Parliament's lower house.
1990 Feb 19, US Defense
Secretary Dick Cheney, snubbed by Philippine President Corazon
Aquino, met in Manila with Defense Minister Fidel Ramos to discuss
the future of U.S. bases in the country.
1990 Feb 19, Michael Powell
(84), English director (Life & Death of Col Blimp), died.
1990 Feb 20, President Bush
welcomed Czechoslovak President Vaclav Havel to the White House,
promising trade rewards for Prague's moves toward democracy.
1990 Feb 21, Addressing the
U.S. Congress, Czechoslovak President Vaclav Havel said his nation
welcomed U.S. help after decades of Soviet domination, but also said
Europe should eventually "decide for itself" how long American and
Soviet troops should remain.
1990 Feb 22, Former President
Reagan's videotaped testimony for the trial of former national
security adviser John Poindexter was released in Washington; in his
deposition, Reagan said he never had "any inkling" his aides were
secretly arming the Nicaraguan Contras.
1990 Feb 23, James Gavin
(b.1907), US commander 82nd Airborne Div (Normandy), died. He was
known as “the jumping general" for parachuting along with combat
troops in WW II.
1990 Feb 23, Former Salvadoran
President Jose Napoleon Duarte died at age 64.
1990 Feb 24, Magazine publisher
Malcolm Forbes died in Far Hills, N.J. at age 70.
1990 Feb 24, Johnnie Ray (63),
fifties balladeer (Cry), died in Los Angeles of liver failure.
1990 Feb 25, Enver Hadri, a
human rights leader, was allegedly shot in the head by Veselin
Vukotic and two other men while he was stopped at a traffic light in
Brussels, Belgium. Hadri had papers on him incriminating former
Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic in assassinations. All three
gunmen were believed to be hitmen working for the Yugoslav secret
service. Veselin was arrested in Spain in 2006.
1990 Feb 25, Nicaraguans voted
in an election that led to an upset victory for opponents of the
ruling Sandinistas. Daniel Ortega, communist president of Nicaragua,
lost to Violeta Chamorro.
(WSJ, 3/12/96, p. A-16)(AP, 2/25/98)
1990 Feb 26, USSR agreed to
withdraw all 73,500 troops from Czechoslovakia by July, 1991.
1990 Feb 27, The US Supreme
Court ruled that prison officials could force inmates to take
powerful anti-psychotic drugs without a judge's consent.
1990 Feb 27, Exxon Corp and
Exxon Shipping were indicted on 5 criminal counts for the oil spill
at Valdez, Alaska.
1990 Feb 28, In San Francisco
protesters lit the street outside the St. Francis Hotel with a
flaming torch parade and bonfire as part of demonstrations against a
visit by Pres. George H.W. Bush.
(SSFC, 3/1/15, DB p.42)
1990 Feb 28, Space shuttle
Atlantis blasted off from Cape Canaveral, Fla. on a secret mission
to place a spy satellite in orbit.
1990 Feb, Cisco Systems Corp.
1990 Feb, In Germany a group of
artists occupied Tacheles, a building in East Berlin, two months
before it was scheduled for demolition. The squatters saved it by
getting the city to declare it a historic landmark. Their lease
ended Dec. 31, 2008, and residents were advised to move out though
no court order was issued.
1990 Mar 1, The controversial
Seabrook, N.H., nuclear power plant won federal permission to go on
line after two decades of protests and legal struggles.
1990 Mar 1, Benin nullified its
1990 Mar 1, Luis Alberto
Lacelle was sworn in as President of Uruguay.
1990 Mar 2, More than 6,000
drivers went on strike against Greyhound Lines Inc. The company,
later declaring an impasse in negotiations, fired the strikers.
1990 Mar 2, A grenade attack
in downtown Panama killed a U.S. soldier and injured 28 other people
at the My Place discotheque on Via Espania and Calle 50.
1990 Mar 3, President Bush
sparked controversy by expressing opposition to the settlement of
Soviet Jewish refugees in East Jerusalem.
1990 Mar 3, Carole Gist (20) of
Michigan was 1st black crowned 39th Miss USA.
1990 Mar 4, The 20th Easter
Seal Telethon was held.
1990 Mar 4, Atlantis 6, the US
65th manned space mission STS 36, returned from space.
1990 Mar 4, Voters in the
Soviet republics of Russia, Byelorussia and the Ukraine participated
in local and legislative elections, resulting in notable gains for
reformists and nationalists.
1990 Mar 5, To the cheers of
onlookers, workers in Bucharest, Romania, finally succeeded in
removing a 25-foot, seven-ton bronze statue of Vladimir Lenin from
1990 Mar 6, The Soviet
parliament overwhelmingly approved legislation allowing people to
own factories and hire workers for the first time in nearly seven
1990 Mar 7, Health and Human
Services Secretary Louis Sullivan announced the US government would
propose a more informative food-labeling system that would require
the disclosure of the fat, fiber and cholesterol content of nearly
all packaged foods.
1990 Mar 8, Opening arguments
were heard in the Iran-Contra trial of former national security
adviser John M. Poindexter.
1990 Mar 8, In San
Francisco Giovanni Torrocha (30), part owner of the Grant and Green
Bar and the Condor nightclub shot and killed Francesco Tarsitano
(42), a chef and former maitre d’ of Martinelli’s, in the vengeful
climax of a love triangle.
(SSFC, 3/8/15, p.42)
1990 Mar 8, NYC's Zodiac killer
shoot his 1st victim, Mario Orosco. Orozco survived a bullet lodged
near his spine.
1990 Mar 9, Dr. Antonia Novello
(b.1944) was sworn in as the US surgeon general, becoming the first
woman and the first Hispanic to hold the job. Dr. Novello became
Commissioner of Health for the State of New York in 1999.
1990 Mar 10, Haitian ruler Lt.
Gen. Prosper Avril resigned during a popular uprising against his
1990 Mar 11, Chile’s General
Augusto Pinochet gave up power after 16 years of rule, but remained
commander of the army.
(SFC, 8/23/96, p.A20)(SFC, 3/25/99, p.A3)
1990 Mar 11, The Lithuanian
parliament voted to break away from the Soviet Union and restore its
independence. The Supreme Council promulgated the historic document:
"On the Re-establishment of the Independent State of Lithuania."
Validity of the 1938 Constitution was briefly reinstated and the
provisional Fundamental Law was adopted. Vytautas Landsbergis was
elected president of Lithuania under the party Sajudis. Landsbergis
was elected Chairman of the Council with Bronislovas Juozas
Kuzmickas, Kazimieras Motieka and Ceslovas Stankevicius as Vice
Chairmen, with Liuvikas Sabutis as Secretary. Four governments were
formed under tenure of the Council. They were led by Kazimiera
Danute Prunskiene, Albertas Simenas, Gediminas Vagnorius and
Aleksandras Algirdas Abisala. Moscow responded with an economic
blockade that brought industry and transportation to a standstill.
In June the Lithuanians agreed to suspend independence.
(DrEE, 10/5/96, p.5)(CSOE)(HN, 3/11/98)(AP,
1990 Mar 12, Vice President
Quayle met in Santiago, Chile, with Nicaraguan President Daniel
Ortega, who promised to peacefully relinquish power to Violeta
Chamorro, the U.S.-backed candidate who had won Nicaragua's
1990 Mar 13, President Bush
lifted trade sanctions against Nicaragua in a show of support for
President-elect Violeta Chamorro.
1990 Mar 13, The Soviet
Congress of People's Deputies approved Mikhail S. Gorbachev's
proposals for a multiparty political system headed by a powerful
1990 Mar 13, Bruno Bettelheim
(86), Austrian-US psychoanalyst, committed suicide. His books
included "The Empty Fortress" (1967), on infantile autism and "the
Use of Enchantment" (1976), a study of fairy tales. In 1996 Richard
Pollak wrote: "The Creation of Dr. B: A Biography of Bruno
Bettelheim." In 2002 Theron Raines authored "Rising to the Light: A
Portrait of Bruno Bettelheim."
(SFC, 12/29/96, BR p.1)(SSFC, 9/8/02,
1990 Mar 14, The United States,
the Soviet Union, Britain, France, and West and East Germany held
their first formal meeting on reunifying the German states.
1990 Mar 14, The Soviet
Congress elected Mikhail S. Gorbachev president of the Soviet
Congress, a day after creating the post.
(HN, 3/14/98)(AP, 3/14/00)
1990 Mar 15, Iraq executed
London-based journalist Farzad Bazoft, claiming he was a spy.
1990 Mar 15, The Israeli
government of Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir lost a vote of
confidence in the Knesset after Shamir refused to accept a U.S. plan
for Israeli-Palestinian peace talks.
1990 Mar 16, Brazil announced
the Collor Plan. It was a collection of economic reforms and
inflation-stabilization plans carried out during the presidency of
Fernando Collor de Mello, between 1990 and 1992. The plan was
officially called New Brazil Plan. It combined fiscal and trade
liberalization with radical inflation stabilization measures.
(Econ, 11/14/09, SR
1990 Mar 16, South African
President F.W. de Klerk announced that exiled African National
Congress leaders could return home for talks with the white-led
1990 Mar 18, There was a theft
of art work from the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum in Boston. 2
men dressed as policemen made off with masterworks that included
Rembrandt’s "The Storm on the Sea of Galilee," Vermeer’s "The
Concert," Manet’s "Chez Tortoni," and 5 paintings and drawings by
Edgar Degas and a 1200 BC Chinese bronze beaker valued at $300
million. The theft led Sen. Edward Kennedy to sponsor the museum
theft provision of the 1994 Omnibus Crime Act. In 2009 Ulrich Boser
authored “The Gardner Heist." In 2013 the FBI said it knows who
stole the artwork but withheld the identity of the thieves.
(WSJ, 8/9/96, p.A8)(WSJ, 5/13/97, p.A21)(SFC,
8/26/97, p.A3)(SFC,12/15/97, p.A3)(WSJ, 2/20/09, p.W10)(SFC,
1990 Mar 18, An alliance of
conservative parties won a surprising victory over the Communists in
East Germany's first free elections.
1990 Mar 19, Latvia's political
opposition claimed victory in the republic's first free elections in
50 years, and reformers also claimed victories in crucial runoffs
held in Russia, Byelorussia and Ukraine.
1990 Mar 19, Kremlin warned
Lithuania against taking over factories, putting up border posts.
1990 Mar 20, Namibia became an
independent nation, marking the end of 75 years of South African
rule. The South African colony gained independence after 25 years of
guerrilla war. Namibians began petitioning the U.N. as early as
1947, developing political parties, most notably SWAPO (South West
Africa People‘s Organization) to voice opposition to South African
rule. Armed resistance to South African rule began in earnest in the
1970s and continued into the 1980s, which combined with drought and
other factors, contributed to an overwhelming drain to South
Africa‘s economy. The UN Security Council eventually demanded
independence for Namibia, but transition elections were not agreed
to by South Africa until December 1988 after a military disaster
involving Angola. The UN Transition Assistance Group (UNTAG) started
work in April 1989 with elections giving SWAPO 57% of the vote. On
March 21 of the following year, the South African flag was lowered
and the Namibian flag raised in Namibia‘s National Stadium.
(LVRJ, 11/1/97, p.20A)(SFEC, 3/1/98, p.T4)(AP,
1990 Mar 20, The last Indian
peacekeepers left Sri Lanka.
1990 Mar 21, Secretary of State
James Baker met black nationalist leader Nelson Mandela in Namibia.
1990 Mar 21, Elkins, West
Virginia, reported a record national low of minus 16 degrees.
(SFC, 3/21/09, p.D10)
1990 Mar 21, Soviet leader
Mikhail S. Gorbachev increased pressure on the breakaway republic of
Lithuania, ordering its citizens to turn in their guns.
1990 Mar 22, A jury in
Anchorage, Alaska, found former tanker captain Joseph Hazelwood
innocent of three major charges in connection with the Exxon Valdez
oil spill, but convicted him of a minor charge of negligent
discharge of oil.
(HN, 3/22/97)(AP, 3/22/00)
1990 Mar 23, Former Exxon
Valdez Captain Joseph Hazelwood was sentenced by a judge in
Anchorage, Alaska, to help clean up Prince William Sound and pay
$50,000 in restitution for his role in the 1989 oil spill.
1990 Mar 23, Rene Enriquez
(56), actor (Hill St Blues), died of pancreatic cancer.
1990 Mar 24, Soviet military
vehicles rumbled through the heart of the Lithuanian capital of
Vilnius as lawmakers in the breakaway Baltic republic voted to
transfer their power to foreign soil if they were attacked or
1990 Mar 25, Star Trek V won as
worst picture in the 10th Golden Raspberry Awards.
1990 Mar 25, Eighty-seven
people, most of them Honduran and Dominican immigrants, were killed
when an arson fire raced through the illegal Happy Land Social Club
in New York City. Julio Gonzalez, 36, was charged with arson and
murder. Gonzalez was convicted in August 1991 and was sentenced to
174 twenty-five-year sentences (a total of 4,350 years), the longest
sentence ever handed down in New York. He is eligible for parole in
1990 Mar 26, "Driving Miss
Daisy" won best picture at the 62nd annual Academy Awards and
captured the best actress prize for Jessica Tandy; Daniel Day-Lewis
was named best actor for "My Left Foot."
1990 Mar 26, Designer Halston
died in San Francisco at age 57.
1990 Mar 27, The U.S. began
test broadcasts of TV Marti to Cuba, which promptly jammed the
1990 Mar 27, Soviet soldiers
began rounding up Lithuanians who had fled the Red Army after the
republic's declaration of independence.
1990 Mar 28, Jesse Owens
(1913-1980) was awarded (posthumously) the Congressional Gold Medal
from President George Bush.
1990 Mar 28, British customs
officials announced they had foiled an attempt to supply Iraq with
40 American-made devices for triggering nuclear weapons, following
an 18-month investigation by U.S. and British authorities.
1990 Mar 29, President Bush,
addressing the National Leadership Coalition on AIDS, declared his
administration "on a wartime footing" against the disease, and
called for compassion, not discrimination, toward those infected
with the virus.
1990 Mar 30, Idaho Gov. Cecil
Andrus vetoed a highly restrictive state abortion measure, saying
the bill gave a woman and her family no flexibility in cases of rape
1990 Mar 30, Harry Bridges
(b.1901), Australian-born SF labor activist, died.
(SFC, 7/27/01, p.A19)
1990 Mar 31, Soviet President
Mikhail S. Gorbachev warned the defiant Baltic republic of Lithuania
to annul its declaration of independence or face "grave
1990 Mar 31, Hundreds of people
were injured in rioting in London over Britain's so-called "poll
tax." The poll-tax disturbances helped to bring down PM Margaret
(AP, 3/31/00)(Econ, 3/8/08, p.66)
1990 Mar, Over 700 people from
around the world gathered for the First International Ecocity
Conference in Berkeley, Ca.
(PacDis, Spring '94, p. 27)
1990 Mar, GM and SAAB completed
setting up a joint auto-making venture in Europe. They had agreed on
Dec. 15, 1989, to form a 50-50 joint auto-making company, called
Saab Automobile A.B.
1990 Mar, Several people were
killed and hundreds injured in clashes between Romanians and ethnic
Hungarians in the Transylvanian city of Targu Mures. The Szeklers
make up about a third of Romania's 1.4 million Hungarian minority.
1990 Mar, Namibia, the South
African colony, gained independence.
(LVRJ, 11/1/97, p.20A)
1990 Mar, Following the
Sudanese government's failure to make any move toward restoring
democracy after the June 1989 military coup, the US government
suspended all development assistance to Sudan under Section 513 of
the Foreign Assistance Act, which mandates a cutoff in most U.S. aid
to any nation where an elected government has been overthrown in a
coup. However, food aid under P.L. 480 and humanitarian assistance
are permitted to continue.
1990 Apr 1, The US Federal
Hourly Minimum Wage was set at $3.80 an hour.
1990 Apr 1, CBS fired
sportscaster Brent Musburger (b.1939).
1990 Apr 1, More Soviet
military vehicles rolled through the Lithuanian capital of Vilnius,
a day after Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev warned the Baltic
republic to annul its declaration of independence.
1990 Apr 2, The University of
Nevada at Las Vegas won the NCAA college basketball championship,
defeating Duke 103-73.
1990 Apr 2, Saddam Hussein of
Iraq threatened to hit Israel with binary chemical weapons.
1990 Apr 2, In a conciliatory
gesture, the president of Lithuania invited Kremlin officials to
discuss the republic's secession drive.
1990 Apr 3, Sarah Vaughan (66),
Jazz singer, died in suburban Los Angeles.
1990 Apr 3, A delegation from
the rebellious republic of Lithuania met with an adviser to Soviet
President Mikhail Gorbachev.
1990 Apr 4, Secretary of State
James Baker met in Washington with his Soviet counterpart, Eduard
Shevardnadze, for three days of talks on the Lithuanian crisis and
1990 Apr 4, Security law
violator Ivan Boesky was released from federal custody.
1990 Apr 5, It was announced
that President Bush and Soviet President Gorbachev would hold their
first full-scale summit in the United States.
1990 Apr 5, Paul Newman won a
court victory over Julius Gold to keep giving all profits from
Newman foods to charity.
1990 Apr 6, Secretary of State
James Baker and Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard Shevardnadze
concluded three days of talks in Washington, after which
Shevardnadze handed President Bush a letter from Soviet President
Mikhail S. Gorbachev.
1990 Apr 7, A display of Robert
Mapplethorpe photographs opened at Cincinnati's Contemporary Arts
Center, the same day the center and its director were indicted on
obscenity charges. Both were later acquitted.
1990 Apr 7, Former national
security adviser John M. Poindexter was convicted of five counts at
his Iran-Contra trial. However, a federal appeals court later
reversed the convictions.
(HN, 4/7/97)(AP, 4/7/00)
1990 Apr 7, In Myanmar a
double-decker ferry sank in Gyaing River during a storm and 215
people were believed drowned.
1990 Apr 7, An arson fire
aboard a ferry enroute from Norway to Denmark killed 159 people.
(AP, 4/7/00)(AP, 1/14/12)
1990 Apr 8,
The cult series Twin Peaks premiered on ABC TV. It ran until Apr 18,
(SFC, 2/19/96, zz-1 p.3)(AP, 4/8/00)
1990 Apr 8, Ryan White (18),
the teen-age AIDS patient whose battle for acceptance gained
national attention, died in Indianapolis. The Ryan White Foundation
was established for AIDS education programs after his death and it
closed its doors due to dwindling funds in 1999.
(AP, 4/8/97)(SFC, 10/19/99, p.A3)
1990 Apr 8, A global conference
of the Prague-based International Romani Union, a coalition of
organizations working to ease the plight of Gypsies, designated this
day as International Day of Roma.
1990 Apr 9, The baseball season
opened a week late because of a labor dispute.
1990 Apr 9, Humorist John Henry
Faulk, who challenged his blacklisting in the entertainment industry
in the 1950s, died in Austin, Texas, at age 76.
1990 Apr 10, San Francisco’s
Board of Supervisors approved reducing the city’s curfew laws.
Minors under 14 will be banned from public places between midnight
and 5am. The old law included minors under 18 from 11pm to 6am.
(SSFC, 4/5/15, DB p.42)
1990 Apr 10, H.J. Heinz said it
would not sell tuna caught in nets that also trap dolphins.
1990 Apr 10, Three European
hostages -- a French woman, a Belgian man and their two-year-old
daughter, who was born in captivity -- were released in Lebanon by
the Abu Nidal Palestinian guerrilla group following an appeal by
Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi.
1990 Apr 10, Teddy Wang
Tei-huei (57), Hong Kong real estate tycoon, was kidnapped for a 2nd
time. Abductors demanded $60 million. His wife Nina Wang paid a $34
million installment, but it was too late. His body was never found.
Wang was declared legally dead in 1999.
(WSJ, 10/20/99, p.A23)(Econ, 7/3/04, p.52)
1990 Apr 11, Funeral services
were held in Indianapolis for AIDS patient Ryan White, who had died
three days earlier at age 18. Among the 1,500 mourners were first
lady Barbara Bush and singers Elton John and Michael Jackson.
1990 Apr 11, Constantine
Mitsotakis (b.1918) of the New Democracy party became prime minister
of Greece with one vote from an independently elected member of the
parliament. He held office to October 13, 1993.
1990 Apr 12, Greyhound Bus
hired new drivers to replace strikers.
1990 Apr 12, James Brown
(b.1933) was moved to the lower Savannah Work Center in Aiken
County, SC, after serving 15 months.
1990 Apr 12, In its first
meeting, East Germany's first democratically elected parliament
acknowledged responsibility for the Nazi Holocaust, and asked the
forgiveness of Jews and others who had suffered.
1990 Apr 13, The Soviet Union
accepted responsibility for the World War II murders of thousands of
imprisoned Polish officers in the Katyn Forest, a massacre the
Soviets had previously blamed on the Nazis.
1990 Apr 14, The hip-hop group
Salt-N-Pepa hit the top #40 on the pop singles chart with
1990 Apr 14, Lithuanian
officials, facing a Kremlin deadline to back away from their
declaration of independence, acknowledged that an economic blockade
threatened by Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev could result in huge
1990 Apr 15, Actress Greta
Garbo died in New York City at age 84. In 1997 Karen Swenson
authored "Greta Garbo: A Life Apart." In 2000 the Rosenbach Museum
in Philadelphia opened 55 letters written by Garbo to her lesbian
friend Mercedes de Acosta (d.1968) between 1931-1959. Acosta was a
Spanish aristocrat turned Hollywood screenwriter.
(AP, 4/15/97)(SFEC, 4/16/00, p.A5)
1990 Apr 16, The US Supreme
Court rejected appeals by Dalton Prejean, a nearly retarded man, who
was condemned to die for the 1977 murder of a Louisiana state
trooper. Prejean was executed the following month.
1990 Apr 16, The US Supreme
Court let stand a ban on school dances in the Bible Belt town of
1990 Apr 16, In San Francisco
some 950 shops and restaurants in Chinatown shut down in protest
over Mayor Art Agnos’ proposal to demolish the embarcadero Freeway.
(SSFC, 4/12/15, DB p.42)
1990 Apr 17, President Bush
warned the Soviet Union against carrying out an economic blockade of
Lithuania, hinting at "appropriate responses."
1990 Apr 17, The Rev. Ralph D.
Abernathy, the civil rights activist and top aide to Rev. Martin
Luther King Jr., died in Atlanta at age 64.
1990 Apr 18, The US Supreme
Court ruled that states may make it a crime to possess or look at
child pornography, even in one's home.
1990 Apr 18, Bankruptcy court
forced Frank Lorenzo (b.1940) to give up Eastern Airlines.
1990 Apr 18, A Franco-German
proposal was made at the Dublin summit for the political union of
the 12 European Community member countries.
1990 Apr 18, The Soviet Union
shut off a pipeline that supplied the rebellious republic of
Lithuania with crude oil; a day later, the Soviets severely reduced
the flow of natural gas.
1990 Apr 19, Nicaragua's
nine-year-old civil war appeared near an end as Contra guerrillas,
leftist Sandinistas and the incoming government agreed to a truce
and a deadline for the rebels to disarm.
1990 Apr 20, Former junk bond
financier Michael Milken agreed to plead guilty to six felonies and
pay $600 million in penalties to settle the largest securities fraud
case in history.
1990 Apr 20, Pete Rose pleaded
guilty to two felony counts of filing false income tax returns.
1990 Apr 21, Bob Engel, a
National League umpire was arrested in Bakersfield, Ca., for
stealing baseball cards.
1990 Apr 21, Pope John Paul II
was greeted by hundreds of thousands of people as he visited
Czechoslovakia to help celebrate the nation's peaceful overthrow of
1990 Apr 22, Pro-Iranian
kidnappers in Lebanon freed American hostage Robert Polhill after
nearly 39 months of captivity.
1990 Apr 22, Millions of
Americans joined in a worldwide 20th anniversary celebration of the
first Earth Day. Harriett Burgess (d.2010 at 73) founded the San
Francisco based American Land Conservatory to shelter land from
development in all parts of the country.
(AP, 4/22/00)(SFC, 5/8/10, p.C4)
1990 Apr 23, Freed American
hostage Robert Polhill, released in Lebanon the day before, enjoyed
his first full day of freedom in nearly 39 months at the U.S. Air
Force hospital in Wiesbaden, West Germany.
1990 Apr 24, Security law
violator Michael Milken pleaded guilty to 6 felonies.
1990 Apr 24, The space shuttle
Discovery blasted off from Cape Canaveral, Fla., carrying the $1.5
billion Hubble Space Telescope. It cost $2 billion. The orbital
period of the telescope was 97 Minutes. In 2008 Robert Zimmerman
authored “The Universe in a Mirror: The Saga of the Hubble Space
Telescope and the Visionaries Who Built It."
(AP, 4/24/97)(NG, 1/’94, p.23)(WSJ, 2/14/97,
p.A1)(SFC, 3/21/98, p.E3)(WSJ, 6/16/08, p.A13)
1990 Apr 24, West and East
Germany agreed to merge currency and economies on July 1.
1990 Apr 25, In the 25th
Academy of Country Music Awards Clint Black and Kathy Mattea won.
1990 Apr 25, The Hubble Space
Telescope was deployed from the space shuttle "Discovery."
1990 Apr 25, Dexter Gordon
(67), jazz saxophonist, died in Philadelphia.
1990 Apr 25, Violeta Barrios de
Chamorro was inaugurated as president of Nicaragua for a six year
term, ending 11 years of leftist Sandinista rule.
(AP, 4/25/97)(HN, 4/25/98)
1990 Apr 26, In Colombia Carlos
Pizarro (b.1951), a former M-19 rebel leader and presidential
candidate was killed when an assailant opened fire with a machine
gun inside a crowded airliner in midflight. In 2001 fugitive Carlos
Castrano said he organized the killing because Pizarro had links to
a drug lord. In 2014 his remains and those of his assailant were dug
up to see whether bodyguards assigned by the state to protect the
politician also had a hand in his murder.
12/4/01, p.A1)(AP, 11/26/14)
1990 Apr 26, Israeli PM Yitzhak
Shamir, leader of the right-wing Likud bloc, was chosen to form a
new government after Labor Party leader Shimon Peres failed to form
1990 Apr 27, The aperture door
of the Hubble Space Telescope was opened by ground controllers as
the space shuttle Discovery, which had carried the Hubble into
orbit, prepared to return home.
1990 Apr 28, Anti-abortion
demonstrators marched in Washington D.C.; authorities put the number
of protesters at 200,000, but organizers claimed a turnout of about
1990 Apr 29, The space shuttle
Discovery landed safely at Edwards Air Force Base in California
after a mission which included deploying the Hubble Space Telescope.
1990 Apr 30, Hostage Frank Reed
was released by his captives in Lebanon, the second American freed
in eight days.
1990 Apr, Jamba Juice was
founded by Kirk Perron, Joe Vergara, Kevin Peters, and Linda Ozawa
Olds as a single Juice Club in San Luis Obispo, Ca.
1990 Apr, Argentina’s Congress
under Pres. Carlos Menem added 4 new seats to the 5-member Supreme
(Econ, 10/8/05, p.46)
1990 Apr, In Japan the Aum
Shinri Kyo cult sent three trucks into central Tokyo to spray
poisonous botulin mists. The convoy then attacked US bases at
Yokohama and Yokosuka. The botulin did not work and the cult turned
to use anthrax.
(SFC, 5/27/98, p.A12)
1990 Apr, A pro-independence
coalition won in Slovenia.
(SFC, 6/11/96, p.A14)
1990 May 1, In Hampton, NH,
William Flynn (16) and a friend shot and killed Gregory Smart
(b.1965), the husband of Pamela Smart (23) with whom Flynn was
having an affair. Flynn was sentenced 28 years to life. Smart had
enlisted Flynn to kill her husband and was sentenced to life in
prison. On June 4, 2015 Flynn was released from prison. Patrick
Randall, who had held a knife to Gregg Smart’s throat, was also
released on parole.
1990 May 1, Soviet President
Mikhail S. Gorbachev and other Kremlin leaders were jeered by
thousands of people during the annual May Day parade in Red Square.
1990 May 2, David Rappaport
(38), British 3'11' actor (Wizard, LA Law), committed suicide by
gunshot in California.
1990 May 2, The government of
South Africa and the African National Congress opened their first
formal talks aimed at paving the way for more substantive
negotiations on dismantling apartheid.
1990 May 3, The US federal
government approved the use of the drug AZT to treat children
infected with the AIDS virus.
1990 May 4, Latvia's parliament
voted 138-0 (1 abstention) for Independence. The Russophone
Ravnopraviye (Equal Rights Movement) boycotted this resolution by
walking out of parliament.
1990 May 4, The South African
government and the African National Congress concluded historic
talks in Cape Town with a joint statement agreeing on a "common
commitment toward the resolution of the existing climate of
1990 May 5, "Unbridled" won the
116th running of the Kentucky Derby.
1990 May 5, Five people were
killed as 3 small fishing boats capsized in the Strait of Juan De
Fuca, along the northwest int’l. border between the US and Canada.
(SFC, 5/5/09, p.D8)
1990 May 6, Freed American
hostage Frank Reed said at a news conference in Arlington, Va., that
he had been savagely beaten by his captors in Lebanon after two
unsuccessful escape attempts.
1990 May 6, Former president
P.W. Botha quit South Africa's ruling National Party as a protest
against the apartheid reform program of his successor F.W. de Klerk.
1990 May 7, The White House put
aside President Bush's pledge of no new taxes, saying talks to
strike a budget deal with Congress would have "no preconditions."
1990 May 8, One crewman was
killed, 18 others injured in a fire aboard the guided-missile
destroyer USS Conyngham in the Atlantic, about 100 miles southeast
of Norfolk, Va.
1990 May 8, NY Newsday reporter
Jimmy Breslin was suspended for a racial slur.
1990 May 9, President Bush and
congressional leaders announced plans for emergency budget talks,
with tax increases and spending cuts on the negotiating table.
1990 May 9, A major cyclone
made landfall on Andhra Pradesh, India. It dissipated 2 days later
over central India. Strong flooding caused 510 human fatalities, but
the effect on agriculture was substantial. More than 100,000 animals
1990 May 10, The government of
China announced the release of 211 dissidents who had been involved
in pro-democracy demonstrations a year earlier.
1990 May 10, Walker Percy
(b.1916), Mississippi-raised physician, novelist (Lancelot), died of
cancer in Covington, Louisiana. His book "The Moviegoer" was the
1962 winner of the National Book Award." His last book, The Thanatos
Syndrome, appeared in 1987.
1990 May 11, President Bush, on
a two-day trip of college commencement speeches, told reporters
aboard Air Force One that there were "no conditions" going into a
budget summit with Congress.
1990 May 11, The center fuel
tank of Philippine Air Lines B737-300 exploded as the plane pushed
back from the gate and 8 people were killed.
(WSJ, 6/26/08, p.A12)
1990 May 12, The tune "Sending
All My Love" by Linear reached #8 on the pop singles chart.
1990 May 12, The presidents of
Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania forged a united front by reviving a
1934 political alliance in hopes of enhancing their drive for
independence from the Soviet Union.
1990 May 13, Thomas Walker was
shot to death at his home in Hacienda Heights, Los Angeles County.
In 1991 his wife Hudie Joyce Walker was convicted of 2nd degree
murder and sentenced 19 years to life in jail. In 2007 she was
granted a new trial due to issues involving battered women’s
(SFC, 2/8/07, p.B2)
1990 May 14, In separate
decrees, Soviet President Gorbachev declared that the republics of
Estonia and Latvia had no legal basis for moving toward
1990 May 15, Congressional
leaders and Bush administration officials began a bipartisan summit
on the fiscal 1991 budget and its deficit.
1990 May 15, The "Portrait of
Doctor Gachet" (1890) by Vincent Van Gogh (1853-1890) sold for $82.5
million to Ryoei Saito, Japan's second-largest paper manufacturer.
1990 May 16, Sammy Davis Jr.
(64), entertainer, died in Los Angeles. Davis owed the IRS $5
million at his death. A settlement was later reached for $300,000.
In 2003 Wil Haygood authored "In Black and White: The Life of Sammy
(AP, 5/16/00)(SSFC, 1/21/01, Par p.2)(WSJ,
1990 May 16, Jim Henson (53),
"Muppets" creator, died in NYC. In 2013 Brian Jay Jones authored
“Jim Henson: The Biography."
1990 May 17, The effective date
for pension rights for both men and women as ruled by a European
court in 1994.
1990 May 17, Soviet President
Mikhail S. Gorbachev met in Moscow with Lithuanian Prime Minister
Kazimiera Prunskiene, Gorbachev's first face-to-face meeting with a
senior official of the defiant Baltic republics.
1990 May 18, The TV movie
"Return To Green Acres" aired.
1990 May 18, In the face of
heated student protests, the trustees of all-women Mills College in
Oakland, Ca., voted to rescind their earlier decision to admit men.
1990 May 18, Jill Ireland (54),
actress (Carry on Nurse, Family), died of cancer.
1990 May 18, East and West
Germany signed a monetary union treaty.
1990 May 18, The French
TGV-train hit record speed of 515.3 kph.
1990 May 19, The tune "Vogue"
by Madonna peaked at #1 on the pop singles chart.
1990 May 19, Summer Squall won
the Preakness Stakes.
1990 May 19, Secretary of State
James A. Baker III concluded an agreement with the Soviet Union to
destroy chemical weapons and settle longstanding disputes over
limits on nuclear-tipped cruise missiles.
1990 May 20, In Massachusetts
the body of Cheryl Kosilek (35) was found in her car at a North
Attleborough shopping mall. Robert Kosilek (41) was convicted of her
murder in 1993 and while in prison demanded that the state of
Massachusetts provide him or her with a sex-change operation.
1990 May 20, The Hubble Space
Telescope sent back its first photographs.
1990 May 20, An Israeli opened
fire on a group of Palestinian laborers south of Tel Aviv, killing
seven; the gunman was sentenced to life in prison.
1990 May 20, Romania's ruling
National Salvation Front scored victories in the country's first
free elections in more than 50 years.
1990 May 21, Israeli soldiers
shot and killed three Palestinians in violence sparked by the
slayings of seven Palestinians by an Israeli civilian a day earlier.
1990 May 22, Microsoft released
1990 May 22, Boxer Rocky
Graziano died in New York at age 71.
1990 May 22, After years of
conflict, pro-Western North Yemen and pro-Soviet South Yemen merged
to form the Republic of Yemen. The North was conservative and the
South was socialist. This day became an annual National Day holiday.
(WSJ, 3/28/97, p.A1)(AP, 5/22/98)(AFP, 5/23/12)
1990 May 23, Clinton’s campaign
for a 5th term as governor of Arkansas received a $60,000 loan from
the Perry County Bank. More cash was requested a few days later.
(SFC, 6/28/96, p.A7)
1990 May 23, Neil Bush, son of
the president, denied any wrongdoing as a director of a failed
Denver savings-and-loan in testimony before Congress. The cost of
rescuing US savings & loan failures was put at up to $130
1990 May 23, The Soviet Union
unveiled an economic-reform program that included plans for a
1990 May 24, Darryl Cherney and
Judi Bari (11/7/49-3/2/97), environmental activists in the Earth
First! movement, were injured after a pipe bomb exploded in their
car as they drove through Oakland, Ca. They were arrested while in
the hospital on charges of transporting a bomb but the charges were
never filed. They later filed a suit against the FBI and Oakland
police for false arrest, illegal search and seizure and conspiracy
to violate free-speech rights. Bari died of liver cancer in 1997. In
2002 a jury awarded $2.9 million to Bari’s estate and $1.5 million
to Cherney saying the FBI had framed them as eco-terrorists. In 2004
the government settled civil suits for $2 million. In 2004 Kate
Coleman authored “The Secret Wars of Judi Bari."
(SFC,10/21/97, p.A20)(SFC, 6/12/02, p.A1)(SFC,
4/23/04, p.B1)(SFC, 1/18/05, p.D1)
1990 May 24, The Edmonton
Oilers won their fifth Stanley Cup as they defeated the Boston
Bruins, four games to one.
1990 May 25, A congressional
report cast doubts on the US Navy’s official finding that a troubled
sailor probably had caused the blast that killed 47 servicemen
aboard the battleship USS "Iowa."
1990 May 25, Vic Tayback (60),
actor (Mel-Alice), died of a heart attack.
1990 May 26, Soviet maverick
politician Boris N. Yeltsin failed in a second round of voting to
win the presidency of the Russian Federation. He succeeded in a
third round of balloting three days later.
1990 May 27, The political
opposition of Burma (Myanmar) scored a victory in the country’s
first free, multiparty elections in three decades. The military
rulers allowed democratic elections but ignored the results when the
National League of Aung San Suu Kyi won 392 of 485 contested seats.
(SFC, 5/25/96, p.A12)(AP, 5/27/00)
1990 May 27, Cesar Gaviria
Trujillo was elected president of Colombia. Luis Carlos Galan,
Colombia presidential candidate, had been shot and killed while
campaigning south of Bogota. He was so far ahead in the polls for
the presidential elections that he was virtually assured of victory.
His campaign manager, Cesar Gaviria, ran in his place after the
attack and was elected president. Immediately after Galan's
assassination, the president at the time, Virgilio Barco, retaliated
by reinstating extraditions.
(AP, 5/27/00)(AP, 5/13/05)
1990 May 27, Soviet President
Mikhail S. Gorbachev tried to calm his nation’s economic nerves with
a hastily scheduled television address. The radical Democratic Party
held its 1st political meetings in Moscow.
1990 May 28, Iraqi President
Saddam Hussein opened a two-day Arab League summit in Baghdad with a
keynote address in which he said if Israel were to deploy nuclear or
chemical weapons against Arabs, Iraq would respond with "weapons of
1990 May 29, Dow Jones average
hits a record 2,870.49.
1990 May 29, Boris N. Yeltsin
was elected president of the Russian republic in the third round of
balloting by the Russian parliament. This gave him a base from which
to attack Soviet president Mikhail Gorbachev.
(AP, 5/29/97)(HN, 5/29/99)
1990 May 29, Soviet
President Mikhail S. Gorbachev visited Canada en route to his
Washington summit with President Bush.
1990 May 29, Northern Peru was
struck by an earthquake that claimed as many as 200 lives.
1990 May 30, Soviet President
Mikhail S. Gorbachev arrived in Washington for his summit with
1990 May 31, Seinfeld, starring
Jerry Seinfeld, debuted on NBC. [see July 5, 1989]
1990 May 31, President Bush and
his wife, Barbara, welcomed Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev in
a ceremony on South Lawn of the White House. The two leaders and
their aides then held talks on German reunification.
1990 May 31, In NYC the Zodiac
killer shot a 3rd victim. Joseph Ponce died from his wound on June
1990 May, In Croatia Franjo
Tudjman led a party that advocated a Yugoslav confederation of
(SFC, 6/11/96, p.A14)
1990 May, In Hungary Gyula Horn
became president of the Socialist Party, which he had helped shape
out of the ruins of the former communist party. The party had just
been soundly defeated in the first democratic elections in over four
1990 Jun 1, President Bush and
Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev signed more than a dozen
bilateral accords in the second day of their Washington summit.
Meanwhile, Barbara Bush and Raisa Gorbachev traveled to Wellesley
College in Massachusetts to deliver commencement addresses.
1990 Jun 1, E! Entertainment
Television was launched.
1990 Jun 1, The Dow Jones Avg.
hit a record high of 2,900.97.
1990 Jun 2, On the third day of
their Washington summit, President Bush and Soviet President Mikhail
S. Gorbachev held informal talks at the Camp David presidential
retreat in Maryland.
1990 Jun 2, Jack Gilford
(b.1908), comedic actor (Cocoon II), died of stomach cancer.
1990 Jun 2, Sir Rex
Harrison (82), actor (My Fair Lady), died in New York.
1990 Jun 2, Frederick Mellinger
(76), founder of Fredericks of Hollywood, died.
1990 Jun 3, President Bush and
Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev concluded their Washington
summit with a joint news conference at the White House. Gorbachev
and his delegation then flew to Minnesota for a whirlwind tour of
1990 Jun 3, "City of Angels"
won Best Musical and "The Grapes of Wrath" won Best Play at the 44th
1990 Jun 3, Robert Noyce
(b.1927), co-inventor of the integrated circuit, co-founder and 1st
CEO of Intel Corp. (1968), died at age 62. In 2005 Leslie Berlin
authored “The Man Behind the Microchip: Robert Noyce and the
Invention of Silicon Valley.
1990 Jun 4, Janet Adkins (54)
of Portland, Ore., became the first person to use a suicide machine
developed by Dr. Kevorkian. This began a national debate over the
right to die.
1990 Jun 4, Soviet President
Mikhail Gorbachev closed out his US visit in northern California,
where he held a reunion with former President Reagan and met with
South Korean President Roh Tae-woo in San Francisco, and addressed
students at Stanford University in Palo Alto.
1990 Jun 5, Authorities in
Oakland County, Michigan, moved to prevent Dr. Jack Kevorkian from
continuing to make available a suicide device that Janet Adkins, an
Oregon woman diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease, had used a day
earlier to take her own life.
1990 Jun 5, In South Africa a
representative from the Legal Resources Centre (LRC) in Durban met
with the Commissioner of the SAP (South African Police) to call for
a change in the "cultural weapons" policy.
1990 Jun 5, Vasily V. Kuznetsov
(b.1901), president of USSR supreme soviet (1982-83, 85), died in
1990 Jun 6, A federal judge in
Fort Lauderdale, Florida, declared the 2 Live Crew album "As Nasty
As They Wanna Be" to be obscene. The decision was later overturned
1990 Jun 7, Barbara Baxley
(b.1923), actress (Norma Rae), died of a heart attack in NYC.
1990 Jun 7, South African
President F.W. de Klerk announced he was lifting a four-year-old
state of emergency in three of the country’s four provinces, with
the exception of Natal.
1990 Jun 8, Israeli Prime
Minister Yitzhak Shamir announced he had succeeded in forming a new
right-wing coalition government, ending a three-month-old political
1990 Jun 9, "Go and Go" won the
122nd running of the Belmont Stakes.
1990 Jun 10, Alberto Fujimori
was elected president of Peru by a narrow margin over novelist Mario
1990 Jun 10, Two members of the
rap group 2 Live Crew were arrested in Hollywood, Florida. They and
a third band member were acquitted of obscenity charges October
1990 Jun 11, A federal judge
sentenced former national security adviser John M. Poindexter to six
months in prison for making false statements to Congress about the
Iran-Contra affair. However, Poindexter’s convictions were later
1990 Jun 11, The US Supreme
Court struck down a federal law prohibiting desecration of the
1990 Jun 11, The UN appoints
Olivia Newton-John as its 1st Goodwill Ambassador to the
1990 Jun 12, In a speech to the
Supreme Soviet legislature, President Mikhail S. Gorbachev eased his
objection to a reunified Germany holding membership in NATO.
1990 Jun 12, Boris Yeltsin led
a vote at the Congress of Peoples Deputies on a "declaration of
Sovereignty for Russia." Russia Day became a national holiday
honoring this day, when Russian lawmakers decided that Russian laws
should take priority over Soviet Union laws.
(SFC, 6/10/96, p.A16)(AP, 6/12/12)
1990 Jun 13, Secretary of State
James A. Baker the Third, testifying before the House Foreign
Affairs Committee, urged Israel to accept a US plan for peace talks.
Baker gave out the telephone number for the White House switchboard,
telling the Israelis publicly, "When you’re serious about this, call
1990 Jun 13, East German border
guards and demolition experts from the Bundeswehr started the
official demolition of the Berlin Wall.
1990 Jun 14, The US Supreme
Court upheld, by a six-to-three vote, police checkpoints that
examine drivers for signs of intoxication.
1990 Jun 15, Real estate mogul
Donald Trump missed a payment due on junk bonds used to finance one
of his Atlantic City, New Jersey, resorts.
1990 Jun 15, The Dublin regime
was established by the Dublin Convention and signed in Dublin,
Ireland. It first came into force on 1 September 1997. The EU’s
Dublin Rule said that people applying for asylum in an EU country
other than the one they first entered should be returned to that
1990 Jun 16, A crowd in the
Netherlands welcomed African National Congress leader Nelson
Mandela, who thanked them for staunch Dutch support for the
1990 Jun 17, South African
black nationalist Nelson Mandela and his wife, Winnie, arrived in
Ottawa, Canada, en route to an eleven-day tour of the United States.
1990 Jun 18, James Edward Pough
went on a shooting rampage at an auto-financing company office in
Jacksonville, Florida, after his car was repossessed. He fatally
wounded 8 people before killing himself.
(AP, 6/18/00)(SSFC, 8/8/04, p.A7)
1990 Jun 19, Opening statements
were presented in the drug and perjury trial of Washington DC Mayor
Marion S. Barry Junior. Barry was later convicted of a single count
of misdemeanor drug possession, and sentenced to six months in
1990 Jun 19, NYC's Zodiac
killer shot a 4th victim, Larry Parham, who survived.
1990 Jun 20, South African
black nationalist Nelson Mandela and his wife, Winnie, arrived in
New York City for a ticker-tape parade in their honor as they began
an eight-city US tour.
1990 Jun 20, The Communist
Initiative created its neoconservative Russian Communist Party.
Among the founders were Gennady Zyuganov, Valentin Kuptsov, and
Alexander Rutskoi. Gorbachev still ran the country.
(SFC, 6/10/96, p.A16)
1990 Jun 21, An estimated
50,000 Iranians were killed in a magnitude 7.3 to 7.7 earthquake.
The earthquake killed some 35,000 people in Gilan and neighboring
(SFC, 3/1/97, p.C1)(AP, 6/21/00)(AP, 6/22/02)
1990 Jun 22, George W. Bush, a
director of Harken Energy Corp., a Texas oil company, sold 212,140
shares at $4 per share just before huge losses were reported.
Corporate disclosure of the sale was filed months later.
(SFC, 7/4/02, p.A1)(SFC, 7/9/02, p.A12)(WSJ,
1990 Jun 22, African National
Congress leader Nelson Mandela addressed delegates at the United
Nations, where he said victory for a democratic, non-racial South
Africa was "within our grasp."
1990 Jun 23, The tune "That's
The Way Of The World" by D'Mob with Cathy Dennis hit #1 on Billboard
magazine’s Hot Dance Music/Club Play.
1990 Jun 23, African National
Congress leader Nelson Mandela received a tumultuous welcome in
Boston as he continued his US tour.
1990 Jun 24, Health and Human
Services Secretary Louis Sullivan was virtually drowned out by
jeering demonstrators as he addressed the Sixth International AIDS
conference in San Francisco.
1990 Jun 24, South African
black nationalist Nelson Mandela arrived in Washington.
1990 Jun 25, The US Supreme
Court ruled that family members cannot end the lives of comatose
relatives unless those relatives previously made their wishes known.
1990 Jun 25, African National
Congress leader Nelson Mandela met with President Bush at the White
1990 Jun 26, President Bush,
who’d campaigned for office on a pledge of "no new taxes," conceded
that tax increases would have to be included in any
deficit-reduction package worked out with congressional negotiators.
1990 Jun 26, African National
Congress leader Nelson Mandela addressed the U.S. Congress, asking
for "material resources" to hasten the end of white-led rule.
1990 Jun 27, Jose Canseco
signed a record $4,700,000 per year baseball contract with the
1990 Jun 27, NASA announced
that a flaw in the orbiting Hubble Space Telescope was preventing
the instrument from achieving optimum focus.
1990 Jun 27, Salman Rushdie,
condemned to death by Iran, contributed $8600 to help their
1990 Jun 28, Jurors in the drug
and perjury trial of Washington DC Mayor Marion S. Barry Jr. viewed
a videotape showing Barry smoking crack cocaine during an FBI
hotel-room sting operation. Barry was later convicted of a single
count of misdemeanor drug possession.
1990 Jun 29, Fernando
Valenzuela of the Los Angeles Dodgers and Dave Stewart of the
Oakland A’s became the first pitchers to hurl no-hitters in both the
National and American Leagues on the same day. Oakland shut out the
Blue Jays, 5-to-0, while Los Angeles blanked the St. Louis
1990 Jun 30, Harken Energy
reported a $23 million 2nd quarter loss. George W. Bush was a
director at Harken.
(SSFC, 7/28/02, p.A19)
1990 Jun 30, Mary Cobb (d.1998)
allegedly witnessed Maurice Caldwell pump shotgun blasts into a car
that resulted in one death and one serious injury at the Alemany
Housing Project. The mother of 2 children later reported the killing
to investigating police and identified Caldwell who was convicted
and sentenced to 34 years in prison. Mary Cobb died of lupus as age
37. In 2010 a judge ordered the conviction of Caldwell set aside
following a signed declaration by Maritte Funches that he and
accomplice Henry Martin were responsible. In 2011 Caldwell was
released after prosecutors learned that evidence in the case had
been destroyed. In 2012 Caldwell filed a federal civil rights suit
against San Francisco.
(SFC, 12/17/10, p.A1)(SFC, 3/26/11, p.C1)
1990 Jun 30, African National
Congress leader Nelson Mandela visited Oakland, California, a day
after receiving a star-studded welcome in Los Angeles.
1990 Jun, The FTC launched a
probe into possible collusion between Microsoft and IBM.
(Wired, 12/98, p.197)
1990 Jun, California voters
passed Prop. 115 with a 57% majority vote allowing prosecutors
access to public defense evidence before trial and eliminated
defendant’s rights to a preliminary hearing after a grand jury.
(SFC, 10/2/14, p.D2)
1990 Jun, In Michigan Dr. Jack
Kevorkian asked Janet Good (d.1997 at 73) if he could use her house
for his first assisted suicide. She initially said ok but after
conferring with her husband, a retired police officer, declined the
request on the grounds that it might be illegal.
(SFC, 8/27/97, p.A9)
1990 Jun, At Cunningham Lake
near Omaha a fisherman caught a 2-pound black piranha.
(NH, 8/96, p.66)
1990 Jun, In Bulgaria the
former Communist Party, renamed the Socialist party, won
(SFC, 5/2/97, p.A14)
1990 Jun, Colombia’s Pres.
Cesar Gaviria and FARC held peace talks in Venezuela.
(SFC, 1/8/99, p.A13)
1990 Jun, In Kyrgyzstan about
300 people were killed in a violent land dispute between Kyrgyz and
Uzbeks in Osh, and only the quick deployment of Soviet troops
quelled the fighting.
(SFC, 10/21/99, p.AA5)(AP, 6/13/10)(Econ,
1990 Jun, In Romania
antigovernment protests left 6 people dead. In 2015 former Pres. Ion
Iliescu (85) faced charges for the deaths of 4 people, the shooting
of three others and depriving 1,000 people of their freedom.
(SFC, 10/22/15, p.A6)
1990 Jun, In Romania miners,
transported into Bucharest in government vehicles, destroyed
hundreds of Interior Ministry files. Over 2 years well organized
mobs of rural coal miners descended on Bucharest 4 times to knock
the heads of student leaders, opposition politicians and others.
(SFC, 6/15/98, p.A11)