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Timeline 1990 July-December

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1990        Jul 1, East Germans lined up to obtain West German deutsche marks as a state treaty unifying the monetary and economic systems of the two Germanys went into effect.
    (AP, 7/1/00)

1990        Jul 2, Some 1402 Muslim pilgrims were killed in a stampede inside a pedestrian tunnel leading to Mecca in Saudi Arabia. It was worst hajj tragedy of modern times.
    (AP, 7/2/00)(AP, 2/1/04)
1990        Jul 2, The Soviet Union’s 28th Communist Party congress opened with an address by President Mikhail S. Gorbachev, who conceded mistakes while defending perestroika.
    (AP, 7/2/00)

1990        Jul 3, In Moscow, Kremlin hard-liner Yegor K. Ligachev received an enthusiastic reception at a Communist Party congress as he criticized reforms by President Mikhail S. Gorbachev, saying perestroika had been marred by "limitless radicalism."
    (AP, 7/3/00)
1990        Jul 3, Maurice Girodias (b.1919), French publisher, died.
    (wwwa.britannica.com/eb/article-9000838?hook=170089)

1990        Jul 4, Rioting that left three people dead erupted in 30 English towns following England’s loss to West Germany in World Cup soccer.
    (AP, 7/4/00)

1990        Jul 4, France performed nuclear test at Muruora Island.
    (www.seismo.ethz.ch/bsv/nuclear_explosions/undergr/france.html)

1990        Jul 5, NATO leaders opened a two-day meeting in London to revise the alliance’s strategy in light of easing East-West tensions in Europe and the unraveling of the Warsaw Pact.
    (AP, 7/5/00)

1990        Jul 6, NATO leaders concluded two days of meetings in London, pledging to sharply reduce both nuclear and conventional defenses in Europe.
    (AP, 7/6/00)

1990        Jul 7, President Bush welcomed fellow leaders of the Group of Seven countries, who were gathering in Houston for their 16th annual economic summit.
    (AP, 7/7/00)
1990        Jul 7, Martina Navratilova captured a record-breaking ninth women’s title at Wimbledon, outplaying Zina Garrison, 6-4, 6-1.
    (AP, 7/7/00)

1990        Jul 8, Sweden’s Stefan Edberg beat Boris Becker of West Germany to capture his second men’s tennis championship at Wimbledon.
    (AP, 7/8/00)
1990        Jul 8, West Germany won the World Cup soccer championship by defeating Argentina, 1-to-0.
    (AP, 7/8/00)

1990        Jul 9, Leaders of the world’s seven richest nations opened a three-day economic summit in Houston, the first such gathering in the post-Cold War era.
    (AP, 7/9/00)

1990        Jul 10, The American League shut out the National League, 2-to-0, in the 61st All-Star game.
    (AP, 7/10/00)
1990        Jul 10, Mikhail S. Gorbachev handily won re-election as leader of the Soviet Communist Party.
    (AP, 7/10/00)

1990        Jul 11, Leaders of the so-called "Group of Seven" nations concluded their summit in Houston by encouraging Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev to enact reforms in return for Western aid.
    (AP, 7/11/00)

1990        Jul 12, CBS introduced the TV saga "Northern Exposure." The show ran to 1995. Margaret Phillips (d.2002) played general-store owner Ruth-Anne Miller.
    (SFC, 7/5/96, p.D5)(WSJ, 7/15/96, p.A9)(SFC, 11/12/02, p.A26)
1990        Jul 12, Russian republic president Boris N. Yeltsin shocked the 28th congress of the Soviet Communist Party by announcing he was resigning his party membership.
    (AP, 7/12/97)

1990        Jul 13, 2 Live Crew released "Banned in the USA."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Banned_in_the_USA)
1990        Jul 13, Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev closed the Communist Party’s 28th congress by saying he would welcome Western aid without political strings.
    (AP, 7/13/00)

1990        Jul 14, West German Chancellor Helmut Kohl arrived in Moscow for talks with Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev that were aimed at soothing Kremlin concerns about German unification.
    (AP, 7/14/00)

1990        Jul 15, Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev and visiting West German Chancellor Helmut Kohl held talks on the issue of a united Germany’s membership in NATO.
    (AP, 7/15/00)
1990        Jul 15, East Germany opened its borders fully to Jews from the former Soviet republics.
    (Econ, 5/7/05, p.48)
1990        Jul 15, Tens of thousands of people marched in Moscow to protest the Communist Party’s control of the government, the army and the KGB.
    (AP, 7/15/00)

1990        Jul 16, NYC's Empire State Building caught fire, but there were no fatalities.
    (www.nycfiremuseum.org/inner/history/5alarm.htm)
1990        Jul 16, A 7.7 earthquake in Philippines killed some 5,000 people.
    (www.drj.com/drworld/content/w1_116.htm)
1990        Jul 16, Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev and West German Chancellor Helmut Kohl announced that Moscow had agreed to drop its objection to a united Germany’s membership in NATO.
    (AP, 7/16/00)
1990        Jul 16, The Ukraine Parliament approved a declaration of State Sovereignty. The people's deputies vote 339-5 to proclaim July 16 a national holiday.
    (www.ukrweekly.com/Archive/2001/340119.shtml)

1990        Jul 17, The seven nations negotiating German unification reached agreement in Paris on Poland’s permanent border, clearing the way for the merger of East and West Germany.
    (AP, 7/17/00)

1990        Jul 18, Dr. Karl Menninger, the dominant figure in American psychiatry for six decades, died in Topeka, Kansas, four days short of his 97th birthday.
    (AP, 7/18/00)

1990        Jul 19, President Bush joined former presidents Ronald Reagan, Gerald R. Ford and Richard M. Nixon at ceremonies dedicating the Nixon Library and Birthplace in Yorba Linda, California.
    (AP, 7/19/00)
1990        Jul 19,  Baseball’s all-time hits leader Pete Rose was sentenced in Cincinnati to five months in prison for tax evasion.
    (AP, 7/19/00)

1990        Jul 20, William J. Brennan (1906-1997), US Supreme Court Justice, one of the court’s most liberal voices, left office after serving over 33 years.
    (AP, 7/20/00)(www.oyez.org/oyez/resource/legal_entity/90/)
1990        Jul 20, A federal appeals court set aside Oliver North’s Iran-Contra convictions, reversing one outright.
    (AP, 7/20/00)

1990        Jul 21, A day after Supreme Court Justice William J. Brennan announced his retirement, President Bush convened a meeting with key administration officials to begin finding a replacement.
    (AP, 7/21/00)

1990        Jul 22, American Greg Lemond won his third Tour de France title.
    (AP, 7/22/00)
1990        Jul 22, Raymond Mawby (b.1922), a British ex-Conservative Party lawmaker, died. He had briefly served as a junior minister in the mid-1960s and had allegedly provided intelligence to spies working for Czechoslovakia, then a communist state, for a decade from around 1961 to 1971. In 2012 the British government said it would investigate claims that he had sold information to communist spies for a decade during the Cold War.
    (AFP, 6/28/12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ray_Mawby)
1990        Jul 22, Voters in Mongolia began casting ballots in their Communist-ruled nation’s first multiparty election ever.
    (AP, 7/22/00)

1990        Jul 23, President George H.W. Bush announced his choice of Judge David Souter of New Hampshire to succeed retiring Justice William J.  Brennan on the US Supreme Court.
    (AP, 7/23/00)
1990        Jul 23, As rebel forces closed in on presidential palace, Liberian President Samuel K. Doe refused to leave until the civil war was decided. Charles Taylor tried to take Monrovia in this year. He had begun the war in Liberia from the Ivory Coast in 1989.
    (AP, 7/23/97)(SFC, 5/4/96, p.A-8)(SFC, 5/11/96, p.A-9)

1990        Jul 24, Iraq, accusing Kuwait of conspiring to harm its economy through oil overproduction, massed tens of thousands of troops and hundreds of tanks along the Iraqi-Kuwaiti border. US warships in Persian Gulf were placed on alert.
    (AP, 7/24/00)

1990        Jul 25, Comedian Roseanne Barr sparked controversy with an off-key rendition of the "Star-Spangled Banner" during a double-header at Jack Murphy Stadium in San Diego.
    (AP, 7/25/00)
1990        Jul 25, The US ambassador to Iraq, April Glaspie, met with Iraqi President Saddam Hussein to discuss Iraq’s economic dispute with Kuwait.
    (AP, 7/25/00)
1990        Jul 25, The US Senate formally denounced Senator Dave Durenberger (Republican, Minnesota) for financial improprieties.
    (AP, 7/25/00)

1990        Jul 26, US Congress passed and Pres. George Bush signed the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA).
    (WSJ, 7/26/95, p.A-12)(SFEC, 5/25/97, p.C10)
1990        Jul 26, The US House of Representatives reprimanded Congressman Barney Frank, (Democrat, Massachusetts) for ethics violations.
    (AP, 7/26/00)
1990        Jul 26, The US Centers for Disease Control reported that a young woman, later identified as Kimberly Bergalis, had been infected with the AIDS virus, apparently by her dentist.
    (AP, 7/26/00)

1990        Jul 27, Louisiana Governor Buddy Roemer vetoed a tough abortion bill passed by his state’s legislature.
    (AP, 7/27/00)
1990        Jul 27, A mistrial was declared in Raymond Buckey’s retrial on charges of molesting children at the McMartin Pre-School in California.
    (AP, 7/27/00)
1990        Jul 27, Zsa Zsa Gabor began a 3 day jail sentence for slapping a cop in 1989.
    (http://tinyurl.com/po8cd)
1990        Jul 27, In Trinidad Yasin Abu Bakr and 114 rebels set off a car bomb that gutted the police station in front of Parliament. They then stormed into the legislature, spraying bullets, and took the prime minister and his Cabinet hostage in a rebellion that killed 24 people.
    (AP, 10/21/10)
1990        Jul 27, White Russia (Belarus) declared sovereignty.
    (www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0107325.html)

1990        Jul 28, A blackout hit Chicago.
    (SC, 7/28/02)
1990        Jul 28, Political newcomer and upset winner Alberto Fujimori was sworn in as president of Peru.
    (AP, 7/28/00)

1990        Jul 29, Bruno Kreisky, Austria’s longest-serving chancellor and an architect of its policy of neutrality, died at age 79.
    (AP, 7/29/00)

1990        Jul 30, George Steinbrenner was forced by Commissioner Fay Vincent to resign as principal partner of NY Yankees.
    (http://tinyurl.com/bjbgt)
1990        Jul 30, GM’s first Saturn car rolled off the line at Spring Hill, Tennessee. In the fall, GM introduced its all-new Saturn cars to compete against the imports in the small car market. Roger Smith, GM’s CEO, announced the secret Saturn project in 1985 in order to "leap-frog" the Japanese car makers.
    (www.gm.com/company/corp_info/history/gmhis1990.html)
1990        Jul 30, British Conservative Party lawmaker Ian Gow was killed in a bombing claimed by the Irish Republican Army.
    (AP, 7/30/00)
1990        Jul 30, In Monrovia, Liberia, soldiers opened fire on worshippers in church over 600 Gios and Manos were killed.
    (www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/liberia/army.htm)

1990        Jul 31, Pitcher Nolan Ryan of the Texas Rangers became the 20th major leaguer to win 300 games as he led his team to victory over the Milwaukee Brewers 11-to-3.
    (AP, 7/31/00)   
1990        Jul 31, Shoal Creek, a private club in Birmingham, Alabama, that drew criticism for being all-white, announced it had accepted a black businessman as an honorary member.
    (AP, 7/31/00)
1990        Jul 31, The Assembly of Bosnia-Herzegovina adopted constitutional amendments by which Bosnia-Herzegovina was declared a democratic state of equal citizens of the peoples of BH, Moslems, Serbs, Croats and others.
    (www.balkan-archive.org.yu/politics/chronology/chron90.html)

1990        Jul, In Albania young people demonstrated against the regime in Tirana, 5,000 citizens sought refuge in foreign embassies. Delegates of the parliament of Kosova declared the independence of Kosova from Serbia. Subsequently Serbia abolished the parliament and government of Kosova, closed down the only Albanian daily, and took over the state-owned television and radio. The Albanians of Kosovo voted for sovereignty and elected a shadow government that was banned by Milosevic. In 1992 Ibrahim Rugova (1944-2006) was elected president and Fehmi Agani was the vice-president.
    (SFC,12/10/97, p.C2)(www, Albania, 1998)(Econ, 1/28/06, p.84)
1990        Jul, A bomb blast in the eastern city of Lahore killed a woman and 3 men. Sarabjit Singh was later arrested, convicted and sentenced to death for the bombing. In 2005 his death sentence was upheld. Relatives said he is a farmer who crossed the border into Pakistan while drunk, and then was confused with a man named Manjit Singh, whom Pakistan blames for a series of bombings in Lahore. In 2012 President Asif Ali Zardari commuted the death sentence of Sarabjit Singh to life in prison, the equivalent of time served in this case.
    (AFP, 9/27/05)(AP, 6/26/12)
1990        Jul, The Milosevic regime ordered the mass firing of ethnic Albanians from all civil service posts.
    (SFEC, 6/27/99, p.A6)

1990        Aug 1, Robert Stempel took charge at GM.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)(http://tinyurl.com/q8mqs)
1990        Aug 1, Iraq pulled out of talks with Kuwait.
    (www.milnet.com/gulfwar.htm)
1990        Aug 1, In Trinidad, dozens of Muslim militants surrendered and freed 42 hostages they had seized six days earlier in a failed bid to overthrow the government. Jamaat al Muslimeen, a Trinidadian radical Muslim group led by Yasin Abu Bakr (formerly Lennox Phillip), launched the unsuccessful rebellion that left 24 dead.
    (AP, 8/1/00)(AP, 6/3/07)(Econ, 6/9/07, p.44)

1990        Aug 2, Norman Maclean (b.1902), writer and professor of English, died in Chicago. His books included "A River Runs Through It and Other Stories" (1976).
    (RB, 1993)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Norman_Maclean)
1990        Aug 2, Iraq invaded Kuwait, seizing control of the oil-rich emirate. The day came to be known in Kuwait as "Black Thursday." 330 Kuwaitis died during the occupation and war. Sadam Hussein, leader of Iraq, took over Kuwait. G. Bush led an inter-national coalition for sanctions and a demand for withdrawal. The Iraqis were later driven out in Operation Desert Storm.
    (SFC, 9/4/96, p.A8)(TMC, 1994, p.1990)(AP, 8/2/97)(SFEC, 7/30/00, p.C18)
1990        Aug 2, By a vote of 14-0, the United Nations Security Council condemned the invasion and annexation of Kuwait by Iraq and demanded in Resolution 660 the unconditional withdrawal of Iraqi troops from Kuwait.
    (HNQ, 5/27/99)
1990        Aug 2, Yasser Arafat supported Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait. This resulted in the PLO’s isolation.
    (SFC, 11/11/04, p.A18)

1990        Aug 3, US announced the commitment of Naval forces to Gulf regions.
    (SC, 8/3/02)
1990        Aug 3, Radio Kuwait went off the air due to the Iraqi invasion.
    (SC, 8/3/02)
1990        Aug 3, A day after Iraq invaded Kuwait, thousands of Iraqi soldiers pushed to within a few miles of the border with Saudi Arabia, heightening world concerns that the invasion could spread.
    (AP, 8/3/00)

1990        Aug 4, In Armenia Levon Ter-Petrosyan (52) was elected Chairman of the Armenian Supreme Soviet.
    (www.armeniapedia.org/index.php?title=Levon_Ter_Petrosian)
1990        Aug 4, The European Community imposed an embargo on imports of oil from Iraq and Kuwait to protest the Baghdad government’s invasion of its oil-rich neighbor.
    (AP, 8/4/00)

1990        Aug 5, An angry President Bush again denounced the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait, telling reporters, "This will not stand. This will not stand, this aggression against Kuwait."
    (AP, 8/5/00)
1990        Aug 5, In Cairo the 19th Islamic Conference of foreign Ministers adopted the “Cairo Declaration," which laid out an alternative view of liberty. The member states of the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC) attached a rider that the application of all human rights should be subordinated to sharia law.
    (Econ, 4/4/09, p.63)(www.religlaw.org/interdocs/docs/cairohrislam1990.htm)

1990        Aug 6, JonBenet Ramsey, little beauty queen, was born. She was murdered in 1996 at her home in Colorado.
    (http://crime.about.com/od/unsolved/p/jonbenet_ramsey.htm)
1990        Aug 6, The UN Security Council (Resolution 651) ordered a worldwide embargo on trade with Iraq to punish the Baghdad regime for invading Kuwait.
    (SFC, 9/4/96, p.A8)(NH, 9/96, p.14)(AP, 8/6/00)(SFC, 9/24/02, p.A12)
1990        Aug 6, Pakistan’s PM Benazir Bhutto was ousted after 20 months in office by Pres. Ghulam Ishaq Khan on charges of incompetence and corruption. An interim government was led by Ghulam Mustafa Jatoi. It was later estimated that $1.5 billion was received in bribes, kickbacks and commissions from a variety of enterprises.
    (SFC, 11/5/96, p.A9)(SFC, 8/20/98, p.B10)

1990        Aug 7, President Bush ordered US troops and warplanes to Saudi Arabia to guard the oil-rich desert kingdom against a possible invasion by Iraq. The US Persian Gulf War began. Operation Desert Shield ended Feb 28, 1991. It cost $8.1 billion and left 383 US casualties with 458 wounded.
    (AP, 8/7/99)(WSJ, 9/22/99, p.A8)
1990        Aug 7, The UN imposed sanctions on Iraq and devastated the economy.
    (SFC, 9/4/96, p.A8)

1990        Aug 8, Pete Rose began a 5-month prison term at Marion (IL) Federal  prison camp.
    (www.baseballlibrary.com/baseballlibrary/ballplayers/R/Rose_Pete.stm)
1990        Aug 8, As the Persian Gulf crisis deepened, American forces began taking up positions in Saudi Arabia; Iraq announced it had annexed Kuwait as its 19th province; President Bush warned Iraqi President Saddam Hussein that "a line has been drawn in the sand."
    (AP, 8/8/00)
 
1990        Aug 9, A week after Iraq invaded Kuwait, Western European diplomats and Arab witnesses reported that Iraq had virtually sealed its borders, preventing thousands of foreigners from leaving Iraq or Kuwait.
    (AP, 8/9/00)

1990        Aug 10, Washington DC Mayor Marion Barry was convicted of a single misdemeanor drug charge and acquitted on another; the judge declared a mistrial on 12 other counts.
    (AP, 8/10/00)
1990        Aug 10, US's Magellan spacecraft landed on Venus.
    (www2.jpl.nasa.gov/magellan/guide10.html)
1990        Aug 10, Martha Dodd (b.1908), US-born former spy, died in the Czech Rep. She and her husband spied for the Soviet Union against her native United States from before World War II until the height of the Cold War.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Martha_Dodd)

1990        Aug 11, Egyptian and Moroccan troops arrived in Saudi Arabia to join US forces in helping to protect the desert kingdom from possible Iraqi attack.
    (AP, 8/11/00)

1990        Aug 12, Air Force Staff Sergeant John Campisi of West Covina, California, died after being hit by a military truck in Saudi Arabia, becoming the first US casualty of the Persian Gulf crisis.
    (AP, 8/12/00)
1990        Aug 12, Iraqi President Saddam Hussein sought to tie any withdrawal of his troops from Kuwait to an Israeli withdrawal from the occupied West Bank and Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 8/12/00)

1990        Aug 13, President Bush ordered Defense Secretary Dick Cheney to the Persian Gulf for the second time since Iraq invaded Kuwait. American combat troops in Saudi Arabia, meanwhile, were told to prepare for a long stay.
    (AP, 8/13/00)

1990        Aug 14, Interrupting his vacation in Kennebunkport, Maine, President Bush returned to Washington, where he told reporters he saw no hope for a diplomatic solution to the Persian Gulf crisis, at least until economic sanctions forced Iraq to withdraw from Kuwait.
    (AP, 8/14/00)
1990        Aug 14, Denver voted for a 1% sales tax to pay for a baseball franchise.
    (http://colorado.rockies.mlb.com/NASApp/mlb/col/history/timeline2.jsp)

1990        Aug 15, In an attempt to gain support against the US-led coalition in the Persian Gulf, Iraqi President Saddam Hussein offered to make peace with longtime enemy Iran.
    (AP, 8/15/00)

1990        Aug 16, President Bush met with Jordan’s King Hussein in Kennebunkport, Maine, where he urged the monarch to close Iraq’s access to the sea through the port of Aqaba.
    (AP, 8/16/00)
1990        Aug 16, In Iraq, President Saddam Hussein issued a statement in which he repeatedly called Bush a "liar" and said the outbreak of war could result in "thousands of Americans wrapped in sad coffins."
    (AP, 8/16/00)

1990        Aug 17, The film "The Exorcist 3" premiered.
    (www.imdb.com/title/tt0099528/)
1990        Aug 17, The Commerce Department reported the US trade deficit shrank to $8.17 billion in June.
    (AP, 8/17/00)
1990         Aug, 17, Phyllis Polaner, former aide to his ex-wife Robin Givens, sued Mike Tyson (b.1966) for sexual harassment. A New York City civil jury found Tyson committed battery but that his behavior was "not outrageous."
    (www.canoe.ca/BoxingTysonHolyfield/tyson_chronology.html)(http://tinyurl.com/hfqx9)

1990        Aug 17, Pearl Bailey (b.1918), Broadway actress, singer, died in Philadelphia from a heart attack at age 72.
    (www.blackpressusa.com/history/Archive.asp?week=33)

1990        Aug 18, A US frigate fired warning shots across the bow of an Iraqi oil tanker in the Gulf of Oman, apparently the first shots fired by the US in the Persian Gulf crisis.
    (AP, 8/18/00)

1990        Aug 19, Iraqi President Saddam Hussein offered to free all foreigners detained in Iraq and Kuwait provided the United States promise to withdraw its forces from Saudi Arabia and guarantee that an international economic embargo would be lifted.
    (AP, 8/19/00)

1990        Aug 20, George Steinbrenner stepped down as NY Yankee owner.
    (http://tinyurl.com/bjbgt)
1990        Aug 20, For the first time since Iraq began detaining foreigners, President Bush publicly referred to the detainees as hostages, and demanded their release. Iraq moved Western hostages to military installations (human shields).
    (AP, 8/20/00)
1990        Aug 20, Three former Northwest Airlines pilots were convicted in Minneapolis of flying while intoxicated.
    (AP, 8/20/00)
1990        Aug 20, In Poland 16 people were killed in a collision involving two trains in the Warsaw suburb of Ursus.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Poland_disasters_by_death_toll)

1990        Aug 21, Iraqi President Saddam Hussein delivered a speech in which he defended the detaining of foreigners in his country, and promised "a major catastrophe" should fighting break out in the Persian Gulf.
    (AP, 8/21/00)

1990        Aug 22, President Bush signed an order calling up reservists to bolster the US military buildup in the Persian Gulf.
    (AP, 8/22/00)

1990        Aug 23, David Rose (b.1910), composer (Holiday for Strings, Stripper), died.
    (www.classicthemes.com/majorComposers.html)
1990        Aug 23, Armenia declared independence.
    (www.armeniapedia.org/index.php?title=Soviet_Armenian_History)
1990        Aug 23, East and West Germany announced that they would unite Oct 3. The details of reunification were designed by interior minister Wolfgang Schauble.
    (www.mofa.go.jp/policy/other/bluebook/1990/1990-2-1.htm)(Economist, 9/29/12, p.59)
1990        Aug 23, Iraqi state television showed President Saddam Hussein meeting with a group of about 20 Western detainees, telling the group—whom he described as "guests"—that they were being held "to prevent the scourge of war."
    (AP, 8/23/00)

1990        Aug 24, Iraqi troops surrounded foreign missions in Kuwait.
    (AP, 8/24/00)
1990        Aug 24, Irish hostage Brian Keenan was released by his captors in Lebanon after being held more than four years.
    (AP, 8/24/00)
1990        Aug 24, Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev sent a message to Iraqi President Saddam Hussein warning the Persian Gulf situation was "extremely dangerous."
    (AP, 8/24/00)

1990        Aug 25, The United Nations gave the world’s navies the right to use force to stop vessels trading with Iraq.
    (AP, 8/25/00)

1990        Aug 26, Fifty-five Americans, who had been evacuated from the US Embassy in Kuwait, left Baghdad by car and headed for the Turkish border.
    (AP, 8/26/00)
1990        Aug 26, The bodies of two slain college students were found in their off-campus apartment in Gainesville, Florida; three more bodies were discovered in the days that followed, setting off a wave of panic.
    (AP, 8/26/00)

1990        Aug 27, Fifty-two Americans reached freedom in Turkey after they were allowed to leave Iraq; three young men originally in the group, however, were detained by the Iraqis. In Washington, the State Department ordered the expulsion of 36 Iraqi diplomats.
    (AP, 8/27/00) 

1990        Aug 28, German spy Juergen Mohamed Gietler was arrested for passing military information to Iraq. He provided Iraq with intelligence reports on US military plans that included what the West knew of Iraqi Scud-B missile sites. He was convicted in a secret trial in 1991, sentenced to 5 years in prison and released in 1994 after which he moved to Egypt.
    (SFC,11/18/97, p.B1)(SFC,12/24/97, p.A6)
1990        Aug 28, Iraq declared occupied Kuwait the 19th province of Iraq, renamed Kuwait City Kadhima, and created a new district named after President Saddam Hussein. A puppet regime under Alaa Hussein was set up. Alaa Hussein was convicted of treason in 2000 and sentenced to death. Saddam Hussein, saying he sympathized with his foreign captives, pledged to free detained women and children.
    (RTH, 8/28/99)(SFC, 5/4/00, p.A18)(AP, 8/28/00)

1990        Aug 29, A defiant Iraqi President Saddam Hussein declared in a television interview that America could not defeat Iraq, saying, "I do not beg before anyone."
    (AP, 8/29/00)

1990        Aug 30, President Bush told a news conference that a "new world order" could emerge from the Gulf crisis.
    (AP, 8/30/00)
1990        Aug 30, Edmund G. Love (b.1912), Michigan-based writer, died in Flint. His book ''Subways Are for Sleeping'' (1957) was the basis for the Broadway musical (1961).
    (LSA, Spring, 2009, p.34)(http://tinyurl.com/c6rqnh)
1990        Aug 30, In Colombia a series of abductions began with the kidnapping of Diana Turbay, a Bogota TV news director and daughter of former president Julio Cesar Turbay. The abductions were by the Medellin drug cartel under Pablo Escobar. In 1997 Gabriel Garcia Marquez published his documentation of the events in "News of a Kidnapping."
    (SFEC, 6/1/97, BR p.1,6)
1990        Aug 30, UN Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar arrived in Jordan to try to mediate the Persian Gulf crisis.
    (AP, 8/30/00)
1990        Aug 30, Tatarstan proclaimed sovereignty. This was not recognized by Russia. The declaration on the Republic of Tatarstan state sovereignty was adopted immediately after the declaration on the sovereignty of the Russian Federation, which provided the peoples' right "to self-determination in the national-state and national-cultural forms they have chosen."
    (www.kcn.ru/tat_en/politics/dfa/sover/sover.htm)

1990        Aug 31, East & West Germany signed a treaty to join legal & political systems.
    (http://tinyurl.com/omusa)
1990        Aug 31, UN Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar met twice with Iraqi Foreign Minister Tariq Aziz in Amman, Jordan, trying to negotiate a solution to the Persian Gulf crisis.
    (AP, 8/31/00)

1990        Aug, In Albania the government abandoned its monopoly on foreign commerce and began to open Albania to foreign trade.
    (www, Albania, 1998)
1990        Aug, In Armenia Levon Ter-Petrosyan (52) was elected as President.
    (SFC, 2/4/98, p.C2)
1990        Aug, Jose Luiz Santana, the former president of Brazil's nuclear energy commission, known by its Portuguese acronym CNEN, said in 2005 that the military was preparing a test explosion when the program was ultimately dismantled in August 1990.
    (AP, 8/30/05)
1990        Aug, South Ossetia, a region of north central Georgia with a population of about 100,000, declared itself sovereign. Ethnic Ossetians speak a language similar to Persian. Georgia abolished South Ossetia’s autonomous status following the attempted break. Georgian leader Zviad Gamsakhurdia declared South Ossetia part of Georgia and marched on Tskhinvali, the declared capital.
    (SFC, 9/1/98, p.A10)(WSJ, 8/27/08, p.A12)

1990        Sep 1, President Bush announced that he and Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev would meet in Helsinki, Finland, for a "free-flowing" one-day summit on the Persian Gulf crisis and other issues.
    (AP, 9/1/00)

1990        Sep 2, Dave Stieb of the Toronto Blue Jays hurled a no-hitter against the Cleveland Indians, winning 3-0.
    (AP, 9/2/00)
1990        Sep 2, Brian Watkins (22), a tourist from Utah, was stabbed in the heart and died in NYC while defending his family from muggers. Seven young men were convicted in the case. In 2015 a judge overturned the conviction of Johnny Hincapie (43) and ordered a new trial. Hincapie had testified that a detective beat him to get a signed confession.
    (www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=60727659)(Econ, 12/8/12, p.31)(SFC, 10/7/15, p.A7)
1990        Sep 2, Dozens of Americans reached freedom in the first major airlift of Westerners from Iraq during the month-old Persian Gulf crisis.
    (AP, 9/2/00)
1990        Sep 2, The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) entered into force. As of 2008 only the United States and Somalia had failed to ratify the document.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Convention_on_the_Rights_of_the_Child)(Econ, 5/31/08, p.62)

1990        Sep 3, President Bush returned to Washington from his Maine vacation home to prepare for his summit in Finland with Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev.
    (AP, 9/3/00)
1990        Sep 3, Dr. David Acer, a Florida dentist, died of AIDS after apparently infecting five of his patients with the HIV virus.
    (AP, 9/3/00)

1990        Sep 4, The air evacuation of Western women and children stranded in Iraq and Kuwait resumed, with 25 Americans among the nearly 300 who made it to Jordan.
    (AP, 9/4/00)

1990        Sep 5, Iraqi President Saddam Hussein urged Arabs to rise up in a Holy War against the West and former allies who had turned against him.
    (AP, 9/5/00)
1990        Sep 5, In Moscow, Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev met with Iraqi Foreign Minister Tariq Aziz.
    (AP, 9/5/00)

1990        Sep 6, In San Jose, Ca., the new National Hockey League expansion team chose the nickname Sharks. Play will start in the Fall of 1991.
    (SSFC, 9/6/15, DB p.50)
1990        Sep 6, Iraq increased pressure on trapped Westerners, warning that anyone trying to leave without permission could face life in prison.
    (AP, 9/6/00)

1990        Sep 7, President Bush left for his one-day Finland summit with Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev.
    (AP, 9/7/00)
1990        Sep 7, Kimberly Bergalis of Fort Pierce, Florida, came forward to identify herself as the young woman who had been infected with AIDS, apparently by her late dentist.  Bergalis died the following year.
    (AP, 9/7/00)
1990        Sep 7, Alan J.P. Taylor, British historian (Origins of WW II), died.
    (http://tinyurl.com/qkf67)

1990        Sep 8, Gabriela Sabatini won the US Open women’s championship and her first grand slam title as she defeated Steffi Graf.
    (AP, 9/8/00)
1990        Sep 8, Marjorie Judith Vincent of Illinois was crowned Miss America.
    (AP, 9/8/00)
1990        Sep 8, President Bush and Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev arrived in Helsinki, Finland, for a one-day summit sparked by the Persian Gulf crisis.
    (AP, 9/8/00)

1990        Sep 9,  Pete Sampras defeated Andre Agassi to win the US Open men’s title.
    (AP, 9/9/00)
1990        Sep 9, President Bush and Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev held a one-day summit in Helsinki, Finland, after which they joined in condemning Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait.
    (AP, 9/9/00)
1990        Sep 9, Liberian dictator Pres. Samuel K. Doe was killed after being captured by rebels led by Prince Johnson. Doe was tortured by rivals and bled to death after an ear was cut off. The remains of Doe’s Krahn-dominated army composed the AFL or Armed Forces of Liberia.
    (SFC, 4/10/96, p.A-4)(SFC, 4/17/96, p.A-8)(AP, 9/9/00)(AP, 2/24/10)
1990        Sep 9, Alexandr Men, Russian Biblical scholar and writer, was murdered by an ax-wielding assailant just outside his home of Semkhoz, Russia.
    (Econ, 3/6/10, p.103)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander_Men)

1990        Sep 10, The Ellis Island Immigration Museum opened following a 6-year, $170 million restoration.
    (SFEC, 6/20/99, p.T11)(www.nps.gov/stli/serv02.htm#Ellis)
1990        Sept 10, In Catamarca, Argentina, the body of 17-year-old Maria Soledad Morales was found. She had been tortured, mutilated and killed. Her murder was covered up by local authorities and as of 1996 no one had yet been charged.
    (WSJ, 4/16/96, p.A-1)
1990        Sep 10, Iran agreed to resume full diplomatic ties with onetime enemy Iraq.
    (AP, 9/10/00)
1990        Sep 10, In Ivory Coast Pope Paul II consecrated the Basilique Notre Dame de la Paix on the condition that a hospital for the poor be built next door. It was constructed between 1985 and 1989 at a cost of $300 million. Work on the hospital began in 2012.
    (Econ, 6/16/12, p.60)(http://tinyurl.com/ne47e)

1990        Sep 11, President Bush addressed Congress on the Persian Gulf crisis, vowing that "Saddam Hussein will fail" in his takeover of Kuwait.
    (AP, 9/11/00)
1990        Sep 11, In Guatemala City sociologist Myrna Mack was stabbed 27 times to death. Gen’l. Edgar Augusto Godoy and Colonels Juan Valencia Osorio and Juan Guillermo Oliva ordered Noel de Jesus Beteta, a soldier, to kill Mack. Beteta later received a 30 year sentence for the crime. The officers in 1997 sought amnesty under a new treaty. Myrna Mack was an anthropologist working on the ecological effects of the nation’s refugee policies and the genocide of Maya Indians. The officers were ordered to stand trial in 1999. In 2002 Beteta recanted his confession. In 2003 an appeals court freed Col. Juan Valencia.
    (SFC, 1/7/97, p.A10)(SFC, 3/21/97, p.A18)(SFC, 4/28/98, p.A8)(SFC, 1/30/99, p.A14)(AP, 9/18/02)(SFC, 5/8/03, p.A14)

1990        Sep 12, The TV drama “Gabriel’s Fire" premiered with James Earl Jones as Gabriel Bird.
    (LSA, Fall, 2007, p.27)(www.imdb.com/title/tt0098801/)
1990        Sep 12, Representatives of the World War Two allies and West and East Germany signed the Two Plus Four Treaty in Moscow giving international sanction to German unity.
    (AP, 9/12/00)(www.foothill.fhda.edu/divisions/unification/finalset.html)

1990        Sep 13, NBC’s cop-courtroom drama "Law & Order" premiered on NBC.
    (AP, 9/13/00)
1990        Sep 13, The Senate Judiciary Committee opened its first day of confirmation hearings for Supreme Court nominee David H. Souter, who firmly refused to discuss his views on abortion.
    (AP, 9/13/00)
1990        Sep 13, The UN Security Council at its 2939th meeting adopted Resolution 666, regarding foodstuffs to be supplied to the civilian population in Iraq or Kuwait in order to relieve human suffering.
    (www.caabu.org/press/documents/unscr-resolution-666.html)

1990        Sep 14, Ken Griffey, Sr. and Jr, hit back-to-back HRs in the 1st inning.
    (www.baseballlibrary.com/baseballlibrary/chronology/1990SEPTEMBER.stm)
1990        Sep 14, During the Persian Gulf crisis, the US Navy reported that American troops had fired a warning shot at an Iraqi tanker, then boarded it briefly before allowing it to proceed.
    (AP, 9/14/00)

1990        Sep 15, France announced it would send 4,000 more soldiers to the Persian Gulf and expel Iraqi military attaches in Paris in response to Iraq’s raids on French, Belgian and Canadian diplomatic compounds in Kuwait.
    (AP, 9/15/00)

1990        Sep 16, Iraqi television broadcast an eight-minute videotaped address by President Bush, who warned the Iraqi people that Saddam Hussein’s brinkmanship could plunge them into war "against the world."
    (AP, 9/16/00)

1990        Sep 17, Defense Secretary Dick Cheney sacked Air Force chief of staff General Mike Dugan for openly discussing contingency plans to launch massive air strikes against Baghdad and target Iraqi President Saddam Hussein personally.
    (AP, 9/17/00)
1990        Sep 17, Supreme Court nominee David H. Souter concluded three days of testimony before the Senate Judiciary Committee.
    (AP, 9/17/00)

1990        Sep 18, The SF Giants cited rising player salaries and sought to raise ticket prices for a 3rd year in a row. Upper reserved seats at Candlestick would jump from $7 to $8 if approved by the SF Recreation and park Dept.
    (SSFC, 9/13/15, DB p.50)
1990        Sep 18, The city of Atlanta was named the site of the 1996 Summer Olympics.
    (AP, 9/18/97)
1990        Sep 18, Former savings-and-loan chief executive Charles H. Keating was jailed in Los Angeles in lieu of $5 million bail after he was indicted on criminal fraud charges.
    (AP, 9/18/00)

1990        Sep 19, Iraq began confiscating foreign assets from countries that were imposing sanctions against the Baghdad government.
    (AP, 9/19/00)

1990        Sep 20, Demanding equal time, Iraq asked US networks to broadcast a message by President Saddam Hussein in response to President Bush’s videotaped address to the Iraqi people.
    (AP, 9/20/00)

1990        Sep 21, During a meeting of the Supreme Soviet, President Mikhail S. Gorbachev scolded legislators for dragging its feet on an economic rescue plan, and asked for sweeping new emergency powers to stabilize the economy.
    (AP, 9/21/00)

1990        Sep 22, Saudi Arabia expelled most of the Yemeni and Jordanian envoys in Riyadh, accusing them of unspecified "activities jeopardizing the peace and security of the kingdom."
    (AP, 9/22/00)

1990        Sep 23, PBS began an 11 hour miniseries by Ken Burns on the American Civil War.
    (www.museum.tv/archives/etv/C/htmlC/civilwarth/civilwarth.htm)
1990        Sep 23, Iraq threatened to destroy Middle East oil fields and attack Israel if other nations tried to force it from Kuwait.
    (AP, 9/23/00)
1990        Sep 23, South African President F.W. de Klerk arrived in the US for talks with President Bush.
    (AP, 9/23/00)

1990        Sep 24,  South African President F.W. de Klerk met at the White House with President Bush.
    (AP, 9/24/00)
1990        Sep 24, East Germany signed a treaty with the Soviet Union ending its membership in the Warsaw Pact.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Warsaw_Pact)
1990        Sep 24, The Supreme Soviet voted to give preliminary approval to a plan for switching the Soviet Union to a free-market economy.
    (AP, 9/24/00)

1990        Sep 25, In a videotaped message to Americans, Iraqi President Saddam Hussein warned that if President Bush launched a war against his country, "it would not be up to him to end it."
    (AP, 9/25/00)
1990        Sep 25, The UN Security Council voted 14-to-1 to impose an air embargo against Iraq. Cuba cast the lone dissenting vote.
    (AP, 9/25/00)

1990        Sep 26, The Motion Picture Association of America announced it had created a new rating, "NC-17," designed to bar moviegoers under the age of 17 from certain films without the commercial stigma of the old "X" rating.
    (AP, 9/26/00)
1990        Sep 26, Alberto Moravia, Italian writer (Woman in Red), died at 82.
    (http://www.kirjasto.sci.fi/moravia.htm)

1990        Sep 27, The US Senate Judiciary Committee approved the Supreme Court nomination of David H. Souter.
    (AP, 9/27/00)
1990        Sep 27, The deposed emir of Kuwait delivered an emotional address to the UN General Assembly in which he denounced the "rape, destruction and terror" inflicted upon his country by Iraq.
    (AP, 9/27/00)

1990        Sep 28, The exiled emir of Kuwait visited the White House, where he told President Bush the Iraqis were destroying and looting his country.
    (AP, 9/28/00)

1990        Sep 29, Top leaders of Congress and the Bush administration began closed-door negotiations in an attempt to reach an eleventh-hour budget agreement.
    (AP, 9/29/00)
1990        Sep 29, The YF22 fighter, an American prototype fighter aircraft designed by Northrop and McDonnell Douglas, was first flown by Lockheed test pilot Dave Ferguson.
    (NPub, 2002, p.25)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Northrop_YF-23)

1990        Sep 30, President Bush and congressional leaders forged a $500 billion five-year compromise package of tax increases and spending cuts.
    (AP, 9/30/00)
1990        Sep 30, Serbs in Croatia proclaimed autonomy.
    (http://tinyurl.com/q8lrk)

1990        Sep, The 1st gene therapy experiment took place at the NIH.
    (SFC, 10/4/02, p.A7)
1990        Sep, San Mateo County, Ca., and PG&E held a public meeting to tell residents of Daly City’s Midway Village about the contaminated soil on the site. Residents wee informed that toxic wastes have been found in about one of every four of the buildings.
    (SFC, 1/19/00, p.A4)(SFC, 3/2/09, p.B1)
1990        Sep, A 61-year-old woman disappeared in NYC and her dismembered body was found weeks later in two plastic bags. In 2007 Montenegro police arrested Smail Tulja (67) in his home in Montenegro's capital, Podgorica, on an international arrest warrant that the authorities received from FBI and Interpol agents. He was wanted for the killing and dismemberment of an elderly woman in New York City in 1990 and is also suspected in similar slayings of women throughout Europe.
    (AP, 2/22/07)
1990        Sep, In Iraq biological weapons scientists took control of a foot-and-mouth vaccine plant in Daura and began producing anthrax and botulinum toxin.
    (SFEC, 3/7/99, p.A18)
1990        Sep, Transdniestria declared its independence over fears that Moldova planned to reunite with Romania. It was not recognized internationally.
    (www.aliciapatterson.org/APF1803/Meier_Foster/Meier_Foster.html)(AP, 1/5/12)

1990        Oct 1, President Bush, addressing the UN General Assembly, again condemned Iraq’s takeover of Kuwait, but also suggested an unconditional military withdrawal could help speed an end to the Arab-Israeli conflict.
    (AP, 10/1/00)
1990        Oct 1, Curtis E. LeMay (83), Air Force General and VP candidate, died at March Air Force Base, California.
    (AP, 10/1/00)

1990        Oct 2, President Bush, trying to muster acceptance for a $500 billion package of tax increases and spending cuts, asked Americans in a televised address to support the plan.
    (AP, 10/2/00)
1990        Oct 2, The US Senate voted 90-to-9 to confirm the nomination of Judge David H. Souter to the Supreme Court.
    (AP, 10/2/97)

1990         Oct 3, West Germany and East Germany ended 45 years of postwar division, declaring the creation of a new unified country. Formal reunification took place after a unification treaty was ratified by the Federal Republic‘s Bundestag and the German Democratic Republic‘s People‘s Chamber in September. Kurt Masur (1927-2015) directed Beethoven's Ninth Symphony at the official celebrations.
    (AP, 10/3/97)(HN, 10/3/98)(HNQ, 11/10/99)(AP, 12/19/15)
1990        Oct 3, Iraqi President Saddam Hussein made his first known visit to Kuwait since his country seized control of the oil-rich emirate.
    (AP, 10/3/00)

1990        Oct 4, For the first time in nearly six decades, German lawmakers met in the Reichstag for the first meeting of reunified Germany’s parliament.
    (AP, 10/4/00)

1990        Oct 5, The US House of Representatives rejected a $500 billion budget agreement forged by congressional leaders and the Bush administration.
    (AP, 10/5/00)
1990        Oct 5, A jury in Cincinnati acquitted an art gallery and its director of obscenity charges stemming from an exhibit of sexually graphic photographs by Robert Mapplethorpe.
    (AP, 10/5/97)
1990        Oct 5, Meir Kahane (58), founder of Jewish defense league, was assassinated in NYC by an Arab extremist.
    (www.adl.org/extremism/jdl_chron.asp)

1990        Oct 6, President Bush vetoed stopgap spending legislation passed by Congress following the collapse of a deficit-reducing budget agreement.
    (AP, 10/6/00)
1990        Oct 6, The space shuttle “Discovery" blasted off on a four-day mission. NASA launched the Ulysses solar probe, an American and European spacecraft, aboard the space shuttle Discovery. It ceased operations in 2008.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ulysses_probe)(AP, 10/6/00)(SFC, 6/13/08, p.A5)
1990        Oct 6, Four people were killed in a balloon crash at Gaenserndorf, near Vienna.
    (AP, 2/26/13)

1990        Oct 7, The US House and Senate Democrats put together a modified budget proposal, following the failure of an earlier plan and the veto of stopgap spending legislation by President Bush.
    (AP, 10/7/00)
1990        Oct 7, Grim Natwick (b.1890), American animator and film director, died. He created Betty Boop in 1930.
    (WSJ, 12/21/06, p.D8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grim_Natwick)
1990        Oct 7, Israel began handing out gas masks to its citizens in case of attack by Iraq.
    (http://openweb.tvnews.vanderbilt.edu/1990-10/1990-10-07-CBS-6.html)

1990        Oct 8, American doctors Joseph E. Murray and E. Donnall Thomas were named recipients of the Nobel Prize in medicine for their discoveries about organ and cell transplantation in the treatment of human disease.
    (SFEC, 10/8/96, A9)(AP, 10/8/00)
1990        Oct 8, The US House approved a revised deficit-reducing budget plan, and both chambers of Congress approved stopgap spending legislation to end a government shutdown.
    (AP, 10/8/00)
1990        Oct 8, Israeli police opened fire on rioting Palestinians on the Temple Mount in Jerusalem, killing 17.
    (AP, 10/8/00)

1990        Oct 9, President Bush told a news conference he would be willing to consider higher income tax rates for the wealthy, but later appeared to back off that stand.
    (AP, 10/9/00)
1990        Oct 9, David Hackett Souter was sworn in as a US Supreme Court judge.
    (NW, 7/7/03, p.48)

1990        Oct 10, The Oakland A’s swept to the American League pennant and their third straight World Series by defeating the Boston Red Sox, 3-to-1.
    (AP, 10/10/00)
1990        Oct 10, The space shuttle "Discovery" landed safely at Edwards Air Force Base in California, ending a virtually flawless four-day mission.
    (AP, 10/10/00)

1990        Oct 11, The Center for Urban Archaeology opened in NYC South Street Seaport Museum.
    (www.southstseaport.org/archaeology/nyunearthed.shtm)
1990        Oct 11, Octavio Paz was named the winner of the Nobel Prize for literature, the first Mexican writer so honored.
    (AP, 10/11/00)
1990        Oct 11, The first flight of the X-31 took place. The collaborative US-German Rockwell-MBB X-31 Enhanced Fighter Maneuverability program was designed to test fighter thrust vectoring technology.
    (NPub, 2002, p.25)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/X-31)
1990        Oct 11, About 60-thousand people rallied in Prague, Czechoslovakia, in support of a government proposal to seize all Communist Party property without compensation.
    (AP, 10/11/00)

1990        Oct 12, The Cincinnati Reds won the National League pennant, defeating the Pittsburgh Pirates 2-to-1.
    (AP, 10/12/00)
1990        Oct 12, Wolfgang Schauble (b.1942), German politician, was the target of an assassination attempt by Dieter Kaufmann, who fired 3 shots at Schäuble after an election campaign event in Oppenau. Schauble was left paralyzed from the waist down. In 2009 he was appointed finance minister under Chancellor Angel Merkel.
    (Econ, 5/14/11, p.70)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wolfgang_Sch%C3%A4uble)
1990        Oct 12, The UN Security Council voted unanimously to condemn Israel’s security forces for killing 17 Palestinian demonstrators on the Temple Mount.
    (AP, 10/12/00)

1990        Oct 13, At the start of a three-day conference in Jiddah, Saudi Arabia, the crown prince of Kuwait promised greater democracy for the emirate if it were freed from Iraqi occupation.
    (AP, 10/13/00)
1990        Oct 13, In Lebanon, rebel Christian General Michel Aoun ended his mutiny against the government. Syrian forces defeated the army under Aoun. Jihad Georges Eid (20) a soldier in the Lebanese army, was taken from Lebanon by Syrian troops on the day of the last battle in the civil war. For the next 20 plus years, more than 600 families, Lebanese and Palestinian, Muslim and Christian, demanded authorities reveal the fate of thousands of political prisoners believed to have disappeared at the hands of Syrian troops.
    (AP, 10/13/00)(SFC, 4/27/05, p.A8)(AFP, 10/13/11)
1990        Oct 13, The 1st Russian Orthodox service in 70 yrs was held in St. Basil's Cathedral.
    (http://openweb.tvnews.vanderbilt.edu/1990-10/1990-10-13-NBC-20.html)
1990        Oct 13, Le Duc Tho, co-founder of the Vietnamese Communist Party, died in Hanoi at age 79. He was the 1975 North Vietnamese negotiator in Paris.
    (AP, 10/13/00)(MC, 10/13/01)

1990        Oct 14, Leonard Bernstein (b.1918), American composer and conductor, died in New York City. In 2009 Barry Seldes authored “Leonard Bernstein: The Political Life of an American Musician."
    (AP, 10/14/97)(Econ, 5/30/09, p.85)

1990        Oct 15, Soviet Union President Mikhail S. Gorbachev was named the winner of the Nobel Peace Prize.
    (SFC, 10/12/96, p.A13)(AP, 10/15/97)
1990        Oct 15, South Africa’s Separate Amenities Act, which barred blacks from public facilities for decades, was formally scrapped.
    (AP, 10/15/00)

1990        Oct 16,  The Cincinnati Reds beat the Oakland A’s 7-to-0 in game one of the World Series.
    (AP, 10/16/00)
1990        Oct 16, US forces reached 200,000 in Persian Gulf.
    (http://archives.econ.utah.edu/archives/marxism/2004w05/msg00102.htm)
1990        Oct 16, Comedian Steve Martin and his wife, actress Victoria Tennant, visited American GI’s in Saudi Arabia.
    (AP, 10/16/00)
1990        Oct 16, Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev submitted to the Soviet legislature a scaled-back plan to transform the Soviet economy to a free-market system.
    (AP, 10/16/00)

1990        Oct 17, "Les Miserables," opened at Imperial Theatre, NYC and His Majesty's Theatre, Perth.
    (MC, 10/17/01)
1990        Oct 17, The Cincinnati Reds opened up a two games-to-none World Series lead, beating the Oakland A’s 5-to-4.
    (AP, 10/17/00)
1990        Oct 17, In testimony before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, Secretary of State James Baker said Iraqi President Saddam Hussein "must fail if peace is to succeed."
    (AP, 10/17/00)

1990        Oct 18, Iraq offered to sell its oil to anyone—including the United States—for $21 a barrel, the same price level that preceded the invasion of Kuwait.
    (AP, 10/18/00)

1990        Oct 19, The Cincinnati Reds beat the Oakland A’s 8-to-3, taking a three games-to-none lead in the World Series.
    (AP, 10/19/00)
1990        Oct 19, Iraq ordered all foreigners in occupied Kuwait to report to authorities or face punishment.
    (AP, 10/19/00)
1990        Oct 19, The Supreme Soviet voted to approve President Mikhail S. Gorbachev’s economic reform plan.
    (AP, 10/19/00)

1990        Oct 20, The Cincinnati Reds won the World Series, 2-to-1, sweeping the Oakland A’s in four games.
    (AP, 10/20/00)
1990        Oct 20, US-Iraq antiwar protest marches began in 20 US cities.
    (www.tandl.vt.edu/Foundations/mediaproject/mediaprojecthtml/iraq11.html)
1990        Oct 20, Three members of the rap group 2 Live Crew were acquitted by a jury in Fort Lauderdale, Florida, of violating obscenity laws with an adults-only concert in nearby Hollywood the previous June.
    (AP, 10/20/00)
1990        Oct 20, Joel McCrea (84), actor (Ramrod), died of pulmonary complications.
    (www.imdb.com/name/nm0566948/)

1990        Oct 21, Walther Sommerlath (b.1901), the father of Sweden’s Queen Silvia, died in Heidelberg. During WWII he swapped a coffee farm in Brazil for a German-based business owned by Efim Wechsler, a Jewish businessman. This allowed Wechsler to emigrate from Nazi Germany.
    (SFC, 12/21/12, p.A8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walther_Sommerlath)
1990        Oct 21, A Palestinian stabbed three Israelis to death during a rampage in a Jerusalem neighborhood in retaliation for the police killings of 17 Arabs on the Temple Mount.
    (AP, 10/21/00)

1990        Oct 22, Louis Althusser (b.1918), Algeria-born French Marxist philosopher, died in Paris.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_Althusser)

1990        Oct 23, Deficit-reduction negotiations continued between the White House and congressional leaders. President Bush, campaigning in New England, blamed the Democratic-controlled Congress for the budget impasse.
    (AP, 10/23/00)
1990        Oct 23, Iraq announced the release of 330 French hostages.
    (http://tinyurl.com/s498l)

1990        Oct 24, The Senate failed to override President Bush’s veto of a major civil rights bill by a vote of 66-to-34, one vote short of the two-thirds majority needed.
    (AP, 10/24/00)
1990        Oct 24, Humphrey the whale swam out the Golden Gate ending a 3-day visit to SF Bay. He had become famous in 1985 after a 3-week tour of the SF Bay and Sacramento River.
    (SSFC, 10/25/15, DB p.50)
1990        Oct 24, The existence of Gladio, a “stay-behind" espionage operation, was acknowledged by Giulio Andreotti, head of the Italian government. It was sponsored by the CIA and NATO to counter communist influence after World War II in Italy, as well as in other European countries.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gladio)
1990        Oct 24, In Pakistan Nawaz Sharif’s nine-party Democratic Alliance won a 2/3 majority in the National Assembly.
    (SFC, 1/30/97, p.A9)

1990        Oct 25, Evander Holyfield knocked out Buster Douglas in the third round of their fight in Las Vegas to become the undisputed heavyweight champion of the world.
    (AP, 10/25/00)
1990        Oct 25, Defense Secretary Dick Cheney said the Pentagon was laying plans to send as many as 100-thousand more troops to Saudi Arabia.
    (AP, 10/25/00)
1990        Oct 25, NY Daily News went on strike. It lasted through March, 1991.
    (www.journalism.indiana.edu/gallery/Ethics/like.html)

1990        Oct 26, Wayne Gretzky became the first National Hockey League player to reach 2,000 points.
    (AP, 10/26/00)
1990        Oct 26, The US State Department issued a warning that terrorists could be planning an attack on a passenger ship or aircraft.
    (AP, 10/26/00)
1990        Oct 26, William S. Paley, the founder of CBS Incorporated, died in New York at age 89.
    (AP, 10/26/00)

1990        Oct 27, The US Senate gave final legislative approval to a record package of taxes and spending cuts, hours after the House approved the plan.
    (AP, 10/27/00)
1990        Oct 27, Death claimed bandleader Xavier Cugat at age 90.
    (AP, 10/27/00)
1990        Oct 27, Elliott Roosevelt (80), son of FDR, died.
    (AP, 10/27/00)

1990        Oct 28, In a surprise move, Iraq said it was halting gasoline rationing imposed earlier in response to global economic sanctions.
    (AP, 10/28/00)

1990        Oct 29, Clinton’s campaign for governor of Arkansas received a $75,000 loan from the Perry County Bank. A few days later another cash withdrawal was made for $22,500.
    (SFC, 6/28/96, p.A7)
1990        Oct 29, William French Smith (73), former US attorney general (1980), died of cancer.
    (http://politicalgraveyard.com/bio/smith9.html)
1990        Oct 29, The UN Security Council voted to hold Saddam Hussein’s regime liable for human rights abuses and war damages during its occupation of Kuwait.
    (AP, 10/29/00)

1990        Oct 30, The Iraqi News Agency quoted Saddam Hussein as saying Iraq was making final preparations for war, and that he expected an attack by the United States and its allies within days.
    (AP, 10/30/00)
1990        Oct 30, In the Persian Gulf, ten American sailors died when a steam pipe ruptured aboard the USS "Iwo Jima"; in Saudi Arabia, a Marine was killed in an accident while driving in the desert.
    (AP, 10/30/00)
1990        Oct 30, In Russia the Solovetsky stone was erected in Moscow. It was from the Stalin-era Solovki prison camp as a memorial to victims of Soviet repression.
    (Econ, 12/22/12, p.82)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solovetsky_Stone)

1990        Oct 31, During a campaign swing in suburban Washington, President Bush said "I have had it" with the way Iraq was treating American diplomats and hostages, but added he had no timetable for deciding on a possible military strike.
    (AP, 10/31/00)

1990        Oct, At the 13th National Computer Security Conference in Washington, DC, Dorothy Demming presented her paper "Concerning Hackers Who Break into Computers." In 1995 she published a postscript denouncing the group.
    (Wired, 9/96, p.221)
1990        Oct, A $12.5 million verdict against the White Aryan Resistance was pronounced for the killing of an Ethiopian student in Portland.
    (SFC, 7/25/98, p.A3)
1990        Oct, McDonald's chose Shenzhen for its first Chinese restaurant.
    (www.chinadaily.com.cn/bizchina/2008-09/08/content_7007412.htm)
1990        Oct, French Pres. Francois Mitterand called for an economic government of Europe during a Franco-German summit in Paris.
    (Econ, 7/14/07, p.58)
1990        Oct, Tutsi exiles from Uganda invaded Rwanda. There was an uprising led by mainly Tutsi exiles in Uganda, known as the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), against the 18-year-old regime of Juvenal Habyarimana.
    (WSJ, 11/15/96, p.A16)(SFC, 2/21/97, p.A26)
1990        Oct, In Rwanda Fred Rwigema was killed by a sniper. Paul Kagame returned from studying at the US Army Command and General Staff College to lead the RPF.
    (WSJ, 8/17/98, p.A10)
1990        Oct, Syrian troops entered Beirut, to ostensibly help end the 15-year Lebanese civil war.
    (WSJ, 7/19/95, p.A-1)

1990        Nov 1, During a trip to Orlando, Florida, President Bush accused Iraqi forces of engaging in "barbarism" and "brutality," adding, "I don’t believe that Adolf Hitler ever participated in anything of that nature."
    (AP, 11/1/00)

1990        Nov 2, The White House announced that President Bush planned to spend Thanksgiving with American GI’s in Saudi Arabia.
    (AP, 11/2/00)

1990        Nov 3, Secretary of State James A. Baker the Third embarked on a fast-paced tour of seven countries to "lay the foundation" for possible military action against Iraq.
    (AP, 11/3/00)
1990        Nov 3, The Kryptos sculpture, created by sculptor Jim Sanborn, was dedicated in the courtyard of the CIA headquarters in Virginia.
    (SSFC, 11/21/10, p.A16)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kryptos)
1990        Nov 3, Mary Martin (b.1913), Broadway musical actress, died in Rancho Mirage, California. Her roles included Peter Pan.
    (AP, 11/3/00)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mary_Martin#Filmography)

1990        Nov 4, Douglas Wakiihuri of Kenya and Wanda Panfil of Poland won the New York City Marathon.
    (AP, 11/4/00)
1990        Nov 4, Secretary of State James Baker visited US troops in the Saudi Arabian desert.
    (AP, 11/4/00)
1990        Nov 4, Iraq issued a new broadside, saying it was prepared to fight a "dangerous war" rather than give up Kuwait.
    (AP, 11/4/00)

1990        Nov 5, The US Budget Enforcement Act of 1990 imposed caps on discretionary spending and introduced the “Paygo" rule, forcing tax cuts to be offset by spending cuts. It was enacted as title XIII of the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1990.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Omnibus_Budget_Reconciliation_Act_of_1990)(Econ, 11/20/10, p.30)
1990        Nov 5, Rabbi Meir Kahane, the Brooklyn-born Israeli extremist who campaigned to drive Arabs from Israel, was shot to death after a speech at a New York hotel. Egyptian native El Sayyed Nosair was acquitted of murder and convicted of weapons charges in state court; he was later convicted in connection with the slaying in federal court.
    (AP, 11/5/00)

1990        Nov 6, US Democrats increased their congressional voting strength in midterm elections.
    (AP, 11/6/00)
1990        Nov 6, William Jefferson became the 1st African American to be elected to Congress from Louisiana since Reconstruction. In 2005 he was under FBI investigation for corruption.
    (SFC, 8/4/05, p.A3)
1990        Nov 6, In Texas Ann Richards (1933-2006) narrowly beat oilman Clayton Williams to become state governor.
    (Econ, 11/3/12, p.86)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ann_Richards)
1990        Nov 6, About one-fifth of the Universal Studios back lot in southern California was destroyed in an arson fire.
    (AP, 11/6/00)
1990        Nov 6, In Saudi Arabia a group of women got into cars and drove the streets of Riyadh in defiance of a government ban. The protest, which made headlines around the world, cost the 47 female drivers and passengers dearly. They were arrested, lost their jobs for 2 1/2 years, were banned from travel for a year and were condemned by the powerful clergy as harlots. This led interior minister Prince Nayef bin Abdul Aziz to ban women from driving.
    (AP, 11/14/08)(AFP, 6/16/12)

1990        Nov 7, In some of her strongest remarks during the Persian Gulf crisis, British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher warned Iraqi President Saddam Hussein that time was "running out" for a peaceful solution.
    (AP, 11/7/00)
1990        Nov 7, Lawrence Durrell (b.1912), expatriate British writer, died in France. His most famous work is the tetralogy The Alexandria Quartet (1957-1960). In 2012 Joanna Hodgkin authored “Amateurs in Eden: The Story of a Bohemian Marriage, Nancy and Lawrence Durrell."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lawrence_Durrell)
1990        Nov 7, Mary Robinson was elected as 1st female president of Ireland for a 7 year term. She was later selected as the UN commissioner for human rights.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Irish_presidential_election,_1990)(SFC,10/31/97, p.D3)
1990        Nov 7, In Ivory Coast Alassane Ouattara (b.1942) served as prime minister under Pres. Felix Houphouet-Boigny. He continued in office to 1993.
    (Econ, 4/23/11, p.52)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alassane_Ouattara)

1990        Nov 8, The play "6 Degrees of Separation," written by John Guare opened at Vivian Beaumont NYC for 496 performances.
    (www.ibdb.com/production.asp?ID=4622)
1990        Nov 8, President Bush ordered a new round of troop deployments in the Persian Gulf, adding up to 150-thousand soldiers to the multinational force facing off against Iraq.
    (AP, 11/8/00)

1990        Nov 9, Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev signed a historic non-aggression treaty with Germany, winning praise from German leaders in Bonn for his role in the peaceful fall of the Berlin Wall.
    (AP, 11/9/00)

1990        Nov 10, Secretary of State James A. Baker the Third returned to Washington, claiming success in his weeklong diplomatic tour aimed at shoring up the anti-Iraq coalition.
    (AP, 11/10/00)
1990        Nov 10, Chandra Shekhar was sworn in as India’s new prime minister.
    (AP, 11/10/00)

1990        Nov 11, Stormie Jones, the world’s first heart-liver transplant recipient, died at a Pittsburgh hospital at age 13.
    (AP, 11/11/00)
1990        Nov 11, In Myanmar Rangoon students Soe Myint and a friend hijacked a plane enroute from Bangkok to Yangon. They made it fly to Calcutta (later Kolkata) by pretending that a bar of soap inside a statuette was a bomb. Myint then launched a news service covering Myanmar from India using underground reporters.
    (http://tinyurl.com/kz4vs6d)(Econ, 8/10/13, p.38)

1990        Nov 12, Actress Eve Arden died in Beverly Hills, California, at age 82.
    (AP, 11/12/00)
1990        Nov 12, Japanese Emperor Akihito formally assumed the Chrysanthemum Throne.
    (AP, 11/12/97)

1990        Nov 13, Secretary of State James A. Baker III told reporters in Hamilton, Bermuda, the Persian Gulf crisis threatened world recession and the loss of American jobs. Members of Congress demanded a larger role in US Gulf policy following President Bush’s decision to send more US troops to the region.
    (AP, 11/13/00)

1990        Nov 14, President Bush told congressional leaders he had no immediate plans to go to war in the Persian Gulf.
    (AP, 11/14/00)
1990        Nov 14, Simon and Schuster announced it had dropped plans to publish the controversial Bret Easton Ellis novel "American Psycho."
    (AP, 11/14/00)
1990        Nov 14, British journalist commentator Malcolm Muggeridge (b.1903) died in Sussex, England. Richard Ingrams authored: "Muggeridge: The Biography" (1996).
    (WSJ, 4/17/96, p.A-18)    (AP, 11/14/00)

1990        Nov 15, Pres. Bush signed the Clear Air Act of 1990.
    (www.epa.gov/history/topics/caa90/02.htm)
1990        Nov 15, The US Senate Ethics Committee began hearings on the "Keating Five," a group of senators accused of going too far in helping failed savings-and-loan owner Charles H. Keating Junior.
    (AP, 11/15/00)
1990        Nov 15, Milli Vanilli’s producer confirmed rumors the duo had not done any of the singing on their debut album, "Girl You Know It’s True."
    (AP, 11/15/00)
1990        Nov 15, The space shuttle "Atlantis" was launched on a secret military mission.
    (AP, 11/15/00)

1990        Nov 16, Four of the so-called "Keating Five" went before the Senate Ethics Committee to deny any wrongdoing in helping failed savings-and-loan owner Charles H. Keating Junior.
    (AP, 11/16/00)
1990        Nov 16, Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev told an angry Soviet legislature he would fire government and military officials blocking his reform plans.
    (AP, 11/16/00)

1990        Nov 17, President Bush, on the first visit to Czechoslovakia by a US president, told a cheering crowd of 100,000 in Prague that "America will stand with you" through hard times ahead.
    (AP, 11/17/00)

1990        Nov 18, President Bush began a series of meetings in Paris with allied leaders aimed at solidifying support for his Persian Gulf policies.
    (AP, 11/18/00)
1990        Nov 18, Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev met at the Vatican with Pope John Paul the Second, who said all possible efforts should be made to avoid war in the Persian Gulf.
    (AP, 11/18/00)

1990        Nov 19, The pop duo Milli Vanilli were stripped of their Grammy Award because other singers had lent their voices to the "Girl You Know It's True" album.
    (AP, 11/19/98)
1990        Nov 19, Leaders of 16 NATO members and the remaining six Warsaw Pact nations signed treaties in Paris making sweeping cuts in conventional arms throughout Europe and pledging non-aggression toward one another. The Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe (CFE) was signed by the United States and 21 other NATO and WTO countries at a CSCE summit in Paris.
    (AP, 11/19/00)(www.fas.org/nuke/control/cfe/chron.htm)

1990        Nov 20, The space shuttle "Atlantis" landed at Cape Canaveral, Florida, after completing a secret military mission.
    (AP, 11/20/00)
1990        Nov 20, The Soviet Union again rebuffed President Bush’s efforts to rally support for a UN Security Council resolution authorizing military force against Iraq.
    (AP, 11/20/00)
1990        Nov 20, Margaret Thatcher failed to defeat Heseltine's bid for party leadership.
    (http://tinyurl.com/krb66)

1990        Nov 21, President Bush arrived in Saudi Arabia, where he conferred with Saudi King Fahd and Kuwait’s exiled emir.
1990        Nov 21, Junk-bond financier Michael R. Milken, who had pleaded guilty to six felony counts, was sentenced by a federal judge in New York to ten years in prison. He served two.
    (AP, 11/21/00)

1990        Nov 22, President Bush, his wife, Barbara, and top congressional leaders shared Thanksgiving dinner with US troops in Saudi Arabia.
    (AP, 11/22/00)
1990        Nov 22, Three term British PM Margaret Thatcher, having failed to win re-election of the Conservative Party leadership on the first ballot, announced her resignation. In 2009 Richard Vinen authored “Thatcher’s Britain: The Politics and Social Upheaval of the Thatcher Era."
    (AP, 11/22/97)(Econ, 5/2/09, p.84)

1990        Nov 23, President Bush conferred separately with Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak in Cairo and Syrian President Hafez Assad in Geneva, seeking Arab support for his drive to expel Iraqi troops from Kuwait.
    (AP, 11/23/00)
1990        Nov 23, Roald Dahl (b.1916), British short story author (Sweet Mystery of Life), died. Dahl became widely know for “Charlie and the Chocolate Factory" and “James and Giant Peach." From 1953 to 1983 he was married to actress Patricia Neal (1926-2010). In 2010 Donald Sturrock authored “Storyteller: The Authorized Biography of Roald Dahl."
    (www.kirjasto.sci.fi/rdahl.htm)(SFC, 8/9/10, p.A6)(SSFC, 10/3/10, p.F4)
1990        Nov 23, Iraq ended curfew in occupied Kuwait, but began calling up army reservists in their thirties.
    (AP, 11/23/02)

1990        Nov 24, President Bush returned home from an eight-day tour of Europe and the Middle East, during which he’d lobbied foreign leaders on behalf of his Persian Gulf policy.
    (AP, 11/24/00)
1990        Nov 24, In Texas Rosemary Diaz (15) went missing. Her remains were found in 2015 near the Wharton-Matagorda county line following a tip from the family of a man considered a suspect in the case. The suspect had recently died of cancer.
    (http://tinyurl.com/p6hvtsh)(SFC, 11/26/15, p.A10)

1990        Nov 25, Poland held its first popular presidential election. Solidarity founder Lech Walesa, who received a plurality of votes, won a runoff the following month.
    (AP, 11/25/00)

1990        Nov 26, Five permanent members of U.N. Security Council agreed on peace plan for Cambodia.
    (AP, 11/26/02)
1990        Nov 26, Japanese business giant Matsushita Electric Industrial Co. agreed to acquire MCA Inc. for $6.6 billion.
    (AP, 11/26/01)

1990        Nov 27, Britain's conservatives chose John Major to succeed Margaret Thatcher.
    (http://tinyurl.com/jhpbu)
1990        Nov 27, In Switzerland the canton Appenzell Rhodes-Interieur was required to count women’s votes by a decision of the Swiss Federal Tribunal. It was the last Swiss state to finally give women the right to vote.
    (Hem., 2/97, p.26)

1990        Nov 28, Tamara De Treaux (b.1959), movie actress, played E.T.; 31 in. tall, died.
    (www.imdb.com/name/nm0211972/)
1990        Nov 28, Margaret Thatcher resigned as prime minister of Britain during an audience with Queen Elizabeth II, who conferred the premiership on John Major.
    (AP, 11/28/97)

1990        Nov 29, Pres. George H. Bush signed the US Immigration Act of this year allowed up to 10,000 foreign citizens to gain an "employment creation" visa if they would put up $1 million in a job creating enterprise. Immigrant Investor Program, also known as EB-5, was set up to lure foreigners by giving them the right to live and work in the US if they created jobs.
    (http://www.americanlaw.com/investor.html)(SFC,12/26/97, p.A8)(Econ, 12/3/11, p.40)
1990        Nov 29, The UN Security Council (Resolution 678), led by the United States, voted 12-to-two to authorize military action if Iraq did not withdraw its troops from Kuwait and release all foreign hostages by January 15th, 1991.
    (AP, 11/29/00)(SFC, 9/24/02, p.A12)

1990        Nov 30, President Bush announced that Secretary of State James Baker the Third would go to Iraq in a last-ditch diplomatic peace effort.
    (AP, 11/30/00)
1990        Nov 30, President Bush named outgoing Florida Governor Bob Martinez to head the nation’s war on drugs.
    (AP, 11/30/00)
1990        Nov 30, Harken Energy transferred $20 million in debt to a Harvard partnership, and eliminated another $16 million in debt by transferring assets to Harvard. George W. Bush served as a Harken board member and paid consultant.
    (WSJ, 10/9/02, p.A4)
1990        Nov 30, Author Norman Cousins died in Los Angeles at age 75.
    (AP, 11/30/00)

1990        Nov, The US stock market began a 4 month decline of 22%.
    (SFC,10/17/97, p.B2)
1990        Nov, San Mateo County, Ca., hired contractors to remove some of the soil from Midway Village in Daly City and to cap some areas with concrete patios.
    (SFC, 1/19/00, p.A4)
1990        Nov, In Albania private religious practice began to be allowed.
    (WA, 1997,CD)
1990        Nov, British Cabinet member Geoffrey Howe resigned as deputy prime minister over PM margaret Thatcher’s refusal to agree on a timetable to join a single European currency.
    (Econ, 4/13/13, p.28)
1990        Nov, In Bulgaria Andrei Lukanov fell from power under a wave of protests and strikes.
    (SFC, 10/5/96, p.A10)
1990         Nov, In Chad Idriss Deby (37), a guerilla chief, seized power in a coup. His Zaghawa tribe came to dominate the government and was widely opposed by other Chadians from other regions.
    (www.atlapedia.com/online/countries/chad.htm)(Econ, 3/4/06, p.42)
1990        Nov, In Naples 2 oil paintings and 17 busts were stolen from the church of Santa Maria degli Angeli alle Croci. In 2009 one of the busts was found in the home of a North Carolina couple who had no idea it was stolen. Authorities told The Charlotte Observer the trail went cold until two years ago, when officials in Rome let federal agents know an Italian citizen sold a similar statue to an antiques dealer from Greensboro.
    (AP, 3/21/09)
1990        Nov, In Macedonia a party that advocated a confederation of independent states of Yugoslavia won power.
    (SFC, 6/11/96, p.A14)

1990        Dec 1, British and French workers digging the Channel Tunnel between their countries finally met after knocking out a passage in a service tunnel large enough to walk through and shake hands.
    (AP, 12/1/00)
1990        Dec 1, Hissene Habre (b.1942), dictator of Chad, was deposed by Idriss Deby and fled to Senegal with $11 million.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hiss%C3%A8ne_Habr%C3%A9)(WSJ, 5/31/00, p.A26)
1990        Dec 1, Iraq accepted a US offer to talk about resolving the Persian Gulf crisis.
    (AP, 12/1/00)

1990        Dec 2, Composer Aaron Copland died in North Tarrytown, N.Y., at age 90. In 1999 Howard Pollack published "Aaron Copland: The Life and Work of an Uncommon Man."
    (AP, 12/2/98)(SFEC, 5/2/99, BR p.4)
1990        Dec 2, Bob Cummings (b.1908), film and TV star, died in Woodland Hills, California.
    (www.movieactors.com/actors/robertcummings.htm)
1990        Dec 2, Chancellor Helmut Kohl’s center-right coalition easily won the first free all-German elections since 1932.
    (AP, 12/2/00)

1990        Dec 3, A Northwest Airlines DC-9 collided on the ground with a Northwest Boeing 727 at Detroit Metropolitan Airport, resulting in a fire that claimed eight lives.
    (AP, 12/3/00)
1990        Dec 3, President Bush began a five-nation South American tour as he arrived in Brazil.
    (AP, 12/3/00)
1990        Dec 3, Walter Hickel (1919-2010), former governor of Alaska (1966-1969) and US Interior chief (1969-1970) under Pres. Nixon, took office as Alaska’s 8th governor. He served to Dec 5, 1994. 
    (SSFC, 5/9/10, p.C8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wally_Hickel)

1990        Dec 4, President Bush, on a five-nation South American tour, said in Uruguay he was not convinced that "sanctions alone" would bring Iraqi President Saddam Hussein "to his senses" about invading Kuwait.
    (AP, 12/4/00)
1990        Dec 4, Due to Persian Gulf crisis gas prices hit $1.60 per gallon in NYC.
    (http://tinyurl.com/s8h6r)
1990        Dec 4, Eric Larrabee (68), magazine editor, author, arts administrator, teacher and champion of the arts, died at his home in Manhattan. His books included “Commander in Chief: Franklin Delano Roosevelt, His Lieutenants, and Their War" (1987).
    (WSJ, 1/12/08, p.W9)(http://tinyurl.com/2j2tkr)
 1990        Dec 4, Iraq promised to release 3300 Soviet citizens it was holding.
    (AP, 12/4/00)

1990        Dec 5, President Bush, on a visit to Argentina, said he was "not optimistic" that Iraqi President Saddam Hussein would withdraw from Kuwait without a fight.
    (AP, 12/5/00)

1990        Dec 6, Shoeless Joe Jackson's signature was sold for $23,100.
    (www.baseballlibrary.com/baseballlibrary/ballplayers/J/Jackson_Joe.stm)
1990        Dec 6, In Bangladesh an opposition campaign led by Khaleda Zia and Sheikh Hasina forced Pres. Hossain Mohammad Ershad to resign.
    (Econ, 11/4/06, p.16)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hossain_Mohammad_Ershad)
1990        Dec 6, Iraq announced that it would release all its hostages, saying foreigners could begin leaving in two days.
    (AP, 12/6/00)

1990        Dec 7, As President Bush arrived in Venezuela on the last stop of his South American tour, his chief spokesman, Marlin Fitzwater, warned Iraq that there was "no lessening in the threat of war," despite Iraq’s promise to release its hostages.
    (AP, 12/7/00)

1990        Dec 8, As former American hostages began leaving Iraq and occupied Kuwait, President Bush—wrapping up his South America tour in Caracas, Venezuela—said the evacuation made for "one less worry I’ve got" in deciding whether to go to war against Baghdad.
    (AP, 12/8/00)

1990        Dec 9, The first American hostages to be released by Iraq began arriving in the United States.
    (AP, 12/9/00)
1990        Dec 8, In Albania Tirana University students demonstrated in the streets and called for the dictatorship to end. Ramiz Alia met with the students 4 days later; a multiparty system was introduced; the Democratic Party, the first opposition party was established; the regime authorized political pluralism.
    (www, Albania, 1998)(SFC, 12/18/00, p.E2)     
1990        Dec 9, Lech Walesa, founder of Solidarity, was elected president of Poland in a runoff by a landslide.
    (WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A12)(HN, 12/999)(AP, 12/9/00)

1990        Dec 10, A stand-in for Mikhail Gorbachev accepted the 1990 Nobel Peace Prize.
    (AP, 12/10/00)
1990        Dec 10, The Food and Drug Administration approved Norplant, a long-acting contraceptive implant.
    (AP, 12/10/00)
1990        Dec 10, The space shuttle "Columbia" returned from its tenth mission.
    (AP, 12/10/00)
1990        Dec 10, Industrialist Armand Hammer died at age 92.
    (AP, 12/10/00)

1990        Dec 11, Ivana Trump was divorced from real estate mogul Donald Trump after 12 years of marriage.
    (AP, 12/11/00)
1990        Dec 11, Four people died near downtown Columbus, Ohio, after their hot air balloon hit a television tower and deflated.
    (AP, 2/26/13)
1990        Dec 11, In Chattanooga, Ten., 12 died in a 99 vehicle accident on I-75 due to fog.
    (www.southeastroads.com/i-075c_tn.html)
1990        Dec 11, Hundreds of foreigners flew out of Iraq and Iraqi-occupied Kuwait, ending four months of captivity following Iraq’s invasion of its oil-rich neighbor.
    (AP, 12/11/00)

1990        Dec 12, President Bush announced that he and Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev would hold a summit the following February in Moscow.
    (AP, 12/11/00)
1990        Dec 12, Lauro Cavazos resigned as US secretary of education.
    (AP, 12/11/00)

1990        Dec 13, A final evacuation flight from Iraq arrived in Germany, carrying the US ambassador to Kuwait and his staff, who had endured a 110-day Iraqi siege of their embassy.
    (AP, 12/13/00)

1990        Dec 14,  President Bush said he would nominate Lynn Martin to succeed Elizabeth H. Dole as labor secretary.
    (AP, 12/14/00)
1990        Dec 14, President Bush prodded Iraqi President Saddam Hussein to agree to talks on the Persian Gulf crisis by January third.
    (AP, 12/14/00)
1990        Dec 14, A Right to Die case permitted Nancy Cruzan of Missouri to have her feeding tube removed. She died 12 days later.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nancy_Cruzan)
1990        Dec 14, In Hong Kong 10 Vietnamese boat people set fire to themselves to protest screening policy that could prevent them from settling in the West.
    (AP, 12/14/02)
1990        Dec 14, Friedrich Durrenmatt (b.1921), Swiss author and playwright, died. In 2006 the Univ. of Chicago published a translation of his selected writings in 3 volumes. "What was once thought can never be unthought."
    (AP, 11/15/00)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Friedrich_D%C3%BCrrenmatt)

1990        Dec 15, European Community leaders wrapped up a historic summit in Rome committed to creating a politically unified federation.
    (AP, 12/15/00)
1990        Dec 15,  With one month left before a UN deadline for Iraq to leave Kuwait, Iraq gave no indication it was prepared to pull out.
    (AP, 12/15/00)

1990        Dec 16, Jean-Bertrand Aristide was elected president of Haiti in the country’s first democratic elections. He was overthrown in a military coup in 1991, but was later restored to power.
    (AP, 12/16/00)

1990        Dec 17, President Bush pledged "no negotiation for one inch" of Kuwaiti territory would take place as he repeated his demand for Iraq’s complete withdrawal.
    (AP, 12/17/00)
1990        Dec 17, President Bush nominated former Tennessee Governor Lamar Alexander to be secretary of education, succeeding Lauro Cavazos.
    (AP, 12/17/00)

1990        Dec 18, Less than a month before a UN deadline for Iraq to withdraw from Kuwait, President Bush told reporters he believed Americans would support a military strike, if one proved necessary. In Baghdad, the ruling Revolutionary Command Council said Iraq was "ready for the decisive showdown."
    (AP, 12/18/00)

1990        Dec 19, Iraq urged its people to stockpile oil to avoid shortages should war break out, and Saddam Hussein declared he was "ready to crush any attack."
    (AP, 12/19/00)

1990        Dec 20, Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard Shevardnadze shocked Soviet lawmakers by announcing his resignation, warning that "dictatorship is coming."
    (AP, 12/20/00)

1990        Dec 21, British Prime Minister John Major met with President Bush at Camp David, Maryland; afterward, the two leaders expressed their unity on the Persian Gulf crisis.
    (AP, 12/21/00)
1990        Dec 21, In Iraq hundreds of thousands of Iraqis participated in an evacuation drill to test war readiness.
    (AP, 12/21/00)

1990        Dec 22, Twenty-one sailors returning from shore leave to the aircraft carrier USS "Saratoga" drowned when the Israeli ferry they were traveling on capsized.
    (AP, 12/22/00)
1990        Dec 22, Lech Walesa took the oath of office as Poland's first popularly elected president. Ryszard Kaczorowski (1919-2010), the last president of  Poland’s government in exile in London, ended his 2-year term. He passed the presidential insignia to Lech Walesa, thus ending the 45-years long episode of the Polish government in exile. 
    (AP, 12/22/97)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ryszard_Kaczorowski)

1990        Dec 23, Saddam Hussein said Israel would be Iraq's 1st target.
    (www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/History/time90s.html)
1990        Dec 23, Slovenians voted overwhelmingly in favor of independence and their republic’s secession from Yugoslavia.
    (AP, 12/23/00)(www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/3407.htm)

1990         Dec 24, In Lebanon Omar Karami (1934-2014) began serving his first term as prime minister and continued to May 15, 1992.
    (AP, 1/1/15)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Omar_Karami)

1990        Dec 25, Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev won sweeping new powers from the Congress of People’s Deputies.
    (AP, 12/25/00)
1990        Dec 25, Romania’s former monarch, King Michael, arrived on his first visit to his homeland since Communist rulers forced him to abdicate four decades earlier. He was deported by the new Bucharest government less than 12 hours later.
    (AP, 12/25/00)

1990        Dec 26, Garry Kasparov beat Anatoly Karpov to retain chess championship.
    (http://tinyurl.com/hmp9d)
1990        Dec 26, The US government reported that its 1990 census had counted a total 249 million, 632,692 people. The US census for this year categorized the population as "White, Negro or Black, American Indian (tribe can be listed), Eskimo, Aleut, Asian or Pacific Islander, and other. Specific Asian nationalities could be checked off." The census counted over 1.6 million Chinese Americans with 40% of them in California.
    (SFC,12/26/97, p.A21)(SFEC, 2/6/00, Rp.10)(AP, 12/26/00)
1990        Dec 26, Nancy Cruzan, the young woman in an irreversible vegetative state whose case led to a US Supreme Court decision on the right to die, died at a Missouri hospital.
    (AP, 12/26/00)
1990        Dec 26, Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev nominated Gennady I. Yanayev to be the Soviet Union’s first vice president. Yanayev helped lead an abortive coup against Gorbachev in August 1991.
    (AP, 12/26/00)

1990        Dec 28, The US government reported that its Index of Leading Indicators plunged 1.2% the previous month, the 5th consecutive monthly drop.
    (AP, 12/28/00)
1990        Dec 28, Two people died in a subway fire in New York City
    (AP, 12/28/00)
1990        Dec 28, 33 people were injured in a trolley collision in Boston.
    (AP, 12/28/00)

1990        Dec 29, Iraq denied a report that it was engaged in secret contacts with the US to avert war, and might withdraw from Kuwait before the January 15th United Nations deadline.
    (AP, 12/29/00)

1990        Dec 30, Iraq’s information minister (Latif Nussayif Jassim) said President Bush "must have been drunk" when he suggested Iraq might withdraw from Kuwait, and added: "We will show the world America is a paper tiger."
    (AP, 12/30/00)

1990        Dec 31, Sci-Fi Channel on cable TV began transmitting.
    (www.scopesys.com/cgi-bin/today2.cgi?askmonth=12&askday=31)
1990        Dec 31, George Allen, US football coach (LA Rams, Wash Redskins), died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Allen_(football))

1990        Dec, Some 540,000 American troops assembled to drive Iraqi forces from Kuwait.
    (WP, 6/29/96, p.A22)
1990        Dec, Investor Kirk Kerkorian said he had bought a 9.8% stake in Chrysler Corp.
    (WSJ, 5/15/07, p.A14)
1990        Dec, In Hayward, Ca., Lisa White was murdered and her daughter (10) was allegedly raped. In 1997 Michael Martinez (37) was convicted and sentenced to death. His death sentence was upheld in 2009.
    (SFC, 8/14/09, p.D2)

1990        Dec, In Bulgaria the Socialist dominated Parliament formed a coalition government headed by nonparty lawyer Dimitar Popov. It included the opposition Union of Democratic Forces (UDF).
    (SFC, 5/2/97, p.A14)

1990        Dec, China opened the A share capital market for Chinese citizens.
    (Hem. 1/95, p. 49)

1990        Dec, In Serbia Milosevic won the presidency and his Socialist (formerly Communist) Party captured 194 of 250 parliamentary seats.
    (SFC, 6/11/96, p.A14)

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