Return to home1990 Jul 1,
East Germans lined up to obtain West German deutsche marks as a
state treaty unifying the monetary and economic systems of the two
Germanys went into effect.
1990 Jul 2, Some 1402 Muslim
pilgrims were killed in a stampede inside a pedestrian tunnel
leading to Mecca in Saudi Arabia. It was worst hajj tragedy of
(AP, 7/2/00)(AP, 2/1/04)
1990 Jul 2, The Soviet Union’s
28th Communist Party congress opened with an address by President
Mikhail S. Gorbachev, who conceded mistakes while defending
1990 Jul 3, In Moscow, Kremlin
hard-liner Yegor K. Ligachev received an enthusiastic reception at a
Communist Party congress as he criticized reforms by President
Mikhail S. Gorbachev, saying perestroika had been marred by
1990 Jul 3, Maurice Girodias
(b.1919), French publisher, died.
1990 Jul 4, Rioting that left
three people dead erupted in 30 English towns following England’s
loss to West Germany in World Cup soccer.
1990 Jul 4, France performed
nuclear test at Muruora Island.
1990 Jul 5, NATO leaders opened
a two-day meeting in London to revise the alliance’s strategy in
light of easing East-West tensions in Europe and the unraveling of
the Warsaw Pact.
1990 Jul 6, NATO leaders
concluded two days of meetings in London, pledging to sharply reduce
both nuclear and conventional defenses in Europe.
1990 Jul 7, President Bush
welcomed fellow leaders of the Group of Seven countries, who were
gathering in Houston for their 16th annual economic summit.
1990 Jul 7, Martina Navratilova
captured a record-breaking ninth women’s title at Wimbledon,
outplaying Zina Garrison, 6-4, 6-1.
1990 Jul 8, Sweden’s Stefan
Edberg beat Boris Becker of West Germany to capture his second men’s
tennis championship at Wimbledon.
1990 Jul 8, West Germany won
the World Cup soccer championship by defeating Argentina, 1-to-0.
1990 Jul 9, Leaders of the
world’s seven richest nations opened a three-day economic summit in
Houston, the first such gathering in the post-Cold War era.
1990 Jul 10, The American
League shut out the National League, 2-to-0, in the 61st All-Star
1990 Jul 10, Mikhail S.
Gorbachev handily won re-election as leader of the Soviet Communist
1990 Jul 11, Leaders of the
so-called "Group of Seven" nations concluded their summit in Houston
by encouraging Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev to enact
reforms in return for Western aid.
1990 Jul 12, CBS introduced the
TV saga "Northern Exposure." The show ran to 1995. Margaret Phillips
(d.2002) played general-store owner Ruth-Anne Miller.
(SFC, 7/5/96, p.D5)(WSJ, 7/15/96, p.A9)(SFC,
1990 Jul 12, Russian republic
president Boris N. Yeltsin shocked the 28th congress of the Soviet
Communist Party by announcing he was resigning his party membership.
1990 Jul 13, 2 Live Crew
released "Banned in the USA."
1990 Jul 13, Soviet President
Mikhail S. Gorbachev closed the Communist Party’s 28th congress by
saying he would welcome Western aid without political strings.
1990 Jul 14, West German
Chancellor Helmut Kohl arrived in Moscow for talks with Soviet
President Mikhail Gorbachev that were aimed at soothing Kremlin
concerns about German unification.
1990 Jul 15, Soviet President
Mikhail S. Gorbachev and visiting West German Chancellor Helmut Kohl
held talks on the issue of a united Germany’s membership in NATO.
1990 Jul 15, East Germany
opened its borders fully to Jews from the former Soviet republics.
(Econ, 5/7/05, p.48)
1990 Jul 15, Tens of thousands
of people marched in Moscow to protest the Communist Party’s control
of the government, the army and the KGB.
1990 Jul 16, NYC's Empire State
Building caught fire, but there were no fatalities.
1990 Jul 16, A 7.7 earthquake
in Philippines killed some 5,000 people.
1990 Jul 16, Soviet President
Mikhail Gorbachev and West German Chancellor Helmut Kohl announced
that Moscow had agreed to drop its objection to a united Germany’s
membership in NATO.
1990 Jul 16, The Ukraine
Parliament approved a declaration of State Sovereignty. The people's
deputies vote 339-5 to proclaim July 16 a national holiday.
1990 Jul 17, The seven nations
negotiating German unification reached agreement in Paris on
Poland’s permanent border, clearing the way for the merger of East
and West Germany.
1990 Jul 18, Dr. Karl
Menninger, the dominant figure in American psychiatry for six
decades, died in Topeka, Kansas, four days short of his 97th
1990 Jul 19, President Bush
joined former presidents Ronald Reagan, Gerald R. Ford and Richard
M. Nixon at ceremonies dedicating the Nixon Library and Birthplace
in Yorba Linda, California.
1990 Jul 19, Baseball’s
all-time hits leader Pete Rose was sentenced in Cincinnati to five
months in prison for tax evasion.
1990 Jul 20, William J. Brennan
(1906-1997), US Supreme Court Justice, one of the court’s most
liberal voices, left office after serving over 33 years.
1990 Jul 20, A federal appeals
court set aside Oliver North’s Iran-Contra convictions, reversing
1990 Jul 21, A day after
Supreme Court Justice William J. Brennan announced his retirement,
President Bush convened a meeting with key administration officials
to begin finding a replacement.
1990 Jul 22, American Greg
Lemond won his third Tour de France title.
1990 Jul 22, Raymond Mawby
(b.1922), a British ex-Conservative Party lawmaker, died. He had
briefly served as a junior minister in the mid-1960s and had
allegedly provided intelligence to spies working for Czechoslovakia,
then a communist state, for a decade from around 1961 to 1971. In
2012 the British government said it would investigate claims that he
had sold information to communist spies for a decade during the Cold
1990 Jul 22, Voters in Mongolia
began casting ballots in their Communist-ruled nation’s first
multiparty election ever.
1990 Jul 23, President George
H.W. Bush announced his choice of Judge David Souter of New
Hampshire to succeed retiring Justice William J. Brennan on
the US Supreme Court.
1990 Jul 23, As rebel forces
closed in on presidential palace, Liberian President Samuel K. Doe
refused to leave until the civil war was decided. Charles Taylor
tried to take Monrovia in this year. He had begun the war in Liberia
from the Ivory Coast in 1989.
(AP, 7/23/97)(SFC, 5/4/96, p.A-8)(SFC, 5/11/96,
1990 Jul 24, Iraq, accusing
Kuwait of conspiring to harm its economy through oil overproduction,
massed tens of thousands of troops and hundreds of tanks along the
Iraqi-Kuwaiti border. US warships in Persian Gulf were placed on
1990 Jul 25, Comedian Roseanne
Barr sparked controversy with an off-key rendition of the
"Star-Spangled Banner" during a double-header at Jack Murphy Stadium
in San Diego.
1990 Jul 25, The US ambassador
to Iraq, April Glaspie, met with Iraqi President Saddam Hussein to
discuss Iraq’s economic dispute with Kuwait.
1990 Jul 25, The US Senate
formally denounced Senator Dave Durenberger (Republican, Minnesota)
for financial improprieties.
1990 Jul 26, US Congress passed
and Pres. George Bush signed the Americans with Disabilities Act
(WSJ, 7/26/95, p.A-12)(SFEC, 5/25/97, p.C10)
1990 Jul 26, The US House of
Representatives reprimanded Congressman Barney Frank, (Democrat,
Massachusetts) for ethics violations.
1990 Jul 26, The US Centers for
Disease Control reported that a young woman, later identified as
Kimberly Bergalis, had been infected with the AIDS virus, apparently
by her dentist.
1990 Jul 27, Louisiana Governor
Buddy Roemer vetoed a tough abortion bill passed by his state’s
1990 Jul 27, A mistrial was
declared in Raymond Buckey’s retrial on charges of molesting
children at the McMartin Pre-School in California.
1990 Jul 27, Zsa Zsa Gabor
began a 3 day jail sentence for slapping a cop in 1989.
1990 Jul 27, In Trinidad Yasin
Abu Bakr and 114 rebels set off a car bomb that gutted the police
station in front of Parliament. They then stormed into the
legislature, spraying bullets, and took the prime minister and his
Cabinet hostage in a rebellion that killed 24 people.
1990 Jul 27, White Russia
(Belarus) declared sovereignty.
1990 Jul 28, A blackout hit
1990 Jul 28, Political newcomer
and upset winner Alberto Fujimori was sworn in as president of Peru.
1990 Jul 29, Bruno Kreisky,
Austria’s longest-serving chancellor and an architect of its policy
of neutrality, died at age 79.
1990 Jul 30, George
Steinbrenner was forced by Commissioner Fay Vincent to resign as
principal partner of NY Yankees.
1990 Jul 30, GM’s first Saturn
car rolled off the line at Spring Hill, Tennessee. In the fall, GM
introduced its all-new Saturn cars to compete against the imports in
the small car market. Roger Smith, GM’s CEO, announced the secret
Saturn project in 1985 in order to "leap-frog" the Japanese car
1990 Jul 30, British
Conservative Party lawmaker Ian Gow was killed in a bombing claimed
by the Irish Republican Army.
1990 Jul 30, In Monrovia,
Liberia, soldiers opened fire on worshippers in church over 600 Gios
and Manos were killed.
1990 Jul 31, Pitcher Nolan Ryan
of the Texas Rangers became the 20th major leaguer to win 300 games
as he led his team to victory over the Milwaukee Brewers 11-to-3.
1990 Jul 31, Shoal Creek, a
private club in Birmingham, Alabama, that drew criticism for being
all-white, announced it had accepted a black businessman as an
1990 Jul 31, The Assembly of
Bosnia-Herzegovina adopted constitutional amendments by which
Bosnia-Herzegovina was declared a democratic state of equal citizens
of the peoples of BH, Moslems, Serbs, Croats and others.
1990 Jul, In Albania young
people demonstrated against the regime in Tirana, 5,000 citizens
sought refuge in foreign embassies. Delegates of the parliament of
Kosova declared the independence of Kosova from Serbia. Subsequently
Serbia abolished the parliament and government of Kosova, closed
down the only Albanian daily, and took over the state-owned
television and radio. The Albanians of Kosovo voted for sovereignty
and elected a shadow government that was banned by Milosevic. In
1992 Ibrahim Rugova (1944-2006) was elected president and Fehmi
Agani was the vice-president.
(SFC,12/10/97, p.C2)(www, Albania, 1998)(Econ,
1990 Jul, A bomb blast in the
eastern city of Lahore killed a woman and 3 men. Sarabjit Singh was
later arrested, convicted and sentenced to death for the bombing. In
2005 his death sentence was upheld. Relatives said he is a farmer
who crossed the border into Pakistan while drunk, and then was
confused with a man named Manjit Singh, whom Pakistan blames for a
series of bombings in Lahore. In 2012 President Asif Ali Zardari
commuted the death sentence of Sarabjit Singh to life in prison, the
equivalent of time served in this case.
(AFP, 9/27/05)(AP, 6/26/12)
1990 Jul, The Milosevic regime
ordered the mass firing of ethnic Albanians from all civil service
(SFEC, 6/27/99, p.A6)
1990 Aug 1, Robert Stempel took
charge at GM.
(WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv.
1990 Aug 1, Iraq pulled out of
talks with Kuwait.
1990 Aug 1, In Trinidad, dozens
of Muslim militants surrendered and freed 42 hostages they had
seized six days earlier in a failed bid to overthrow the government.
Jamaat al Muslimeen, a Trinidadian radical Muslim group led by Yasin
Abu Bakr (formerly Lennox Phillip), launched the unsuccessful
rebellion that left 24 dead.
(AP, 8/1/00)(AP, 6/3/07)(Econ, 6/9/07, p.44)
1990 Aug 2, Norman Maclean
(b.1902), writer and professor of English, died in Chicago. His
books included "A River Runs Through It and Other Stories" (1976).
1990 Aug 2, Iraq invaded
Kuwait, seizing control of the oil-rich emirate. The day came to be
known in Kuwait as "Black Thursday." 330 Kuwaitis died during the
occupation and war. Sadam Hussein, leader of Iraq, took over Kuwait.
G. Bush led an inter-national coalition for sanctions and a demand
for withdrawal. The Iraqis were later driven out in Operation Desert
(SFC, 9/4/96, p.A8)(TMC, 1994, p.1990)(AP,
8/2/97)(SFEC, 7/30/00, p.C18)
1990 Aug 2, By a vote of 14-0,
the United Nations Security Council condemned the invasion and
annexation of Kuwait by Iraq and demanded in Resolution 660 the
unconditional withdrawal of Iraqi troops from Kuwait.
1990 Aug 2, Yasser Arafat
supported Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait. This resulted in the PLO’s
(SFC, 11/11/04, p.A18)
1990 Aug 3, US announced the
commitment of Naval forces to Gulf regions.
1990 Aug 3, Radio Kuwait went
off the air due to the Iraqi invasion.
1990 Aug 3, A day after Iraq
invaded Kuwait, thousands of Iraqi soldiers pushed to within a few
miles of the border with Saudi Arabia, heightening world concerns
that the invasion could spread.
1990 Aug 4, In Armenia Levon
Ter-Petrosyan (52) was elected Chairman of the Armenian Supreme
1990 Aug 4, The European
Community imposed an embargo on imports of oil from Iraq and Kuwait
to protest the Baghdad government’s invasion of its oil-rich
1990 Aug 5, An angry President
Bush again denounced the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait, telling
reporters, "This will not stand. This will not stand, this
aggression against Kuwait."
1990 Aug 5, In Cairo the 19th
Islamic Conference of foreign Ministers adopted the “Cairo
Declaration," which laid out an alternative view of liberty. The
member states of the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC)
attached a rider that the application of all human rights should be
subordinated to sharia law.
1990 Aug 6, JonBenet Ramsey,
little beauty queen, was born. She was murdered in 1996 at her home
1990 Aug 6, The UN Security
Council (Resolution 651) ordered a worldwide embargo on trade with
Iraq to punish the Baghdad regime for invading Kuwait.
(SFC, 9/4/96, p.A8)(NH, 9/96, p.14)(AP,
8/6/00)(SFC, 9/24/02, p.A12)
1990 Aug 6, Pakistan’s PM
Benazir Bhutto was ousted after 20 months in office by Pres. Ghulam
Ishaq Khan on charges of incompetence and corruption. An interim
government was led by Ghulam Mustafa Jatoi. It was later estimated
that $1.5 billion was received in bribes, kickbacks and commissions
from a variety of enterprises.
(SFC, 11/5/96, p.A9)(SFC, 8/20/98, p.B10)
1990 Aug 7, President Bush
ordered US troops and warplanes to Saudi Arabia to guard the
oil-rich desert kingdom against a possible invasion by Iraq. The US
Persian Gulf War began. Operation Desert Shield ended Feb 28, 1991.
It cost $8.1 billion and left 383 US casualties with 458 wounded.
(AP, 8/7/99)(WSJ, 9/22/99, p.A8)
1990 Aug 7, The UN imposed
sanctions on Iraq and devastated the economy.
(SFC, 9/4/96, p.A8)
1990 Aug 8, Pete Rose began a
5-month prison term at Marion (IL) Federal prison camp.
1990 Aug 8, As the Persian Gulf
crisis deepened, American forces began taking up positions in Saudi
Arabia; Iraq announced it had annexed Kuwait as its 19th province;
President Bush warned Iraqi President Saddam Hussein that "a line
has been drawn in the sand."
1990 Aug 9, A week after Iraq
invaded Kuwait, Western European diplomats and Arab witnesses
reported that Iraq had virtually sealed its borders, preventing
thousands of foreigners from leaving Iraq or Kuwait.
1990 Aug 10, Washington DC
Mayor Marion Barry was convicted of a single misdemeanor drug charge
and acquitted on another; the judge declared a mistrial on 12 other
1990 Aug 10, US's Magellan
spacecraft landed on Venus.
1990 Aug 10, Martha Dodd
(b.1908), US-born former spy, died in the Czech Rep. She and her
husband spied for the Soviet Union against her native United States
from before World War II until the height of the Cold War.
1990 Aug 11, Egyptian and
Moroccan troops arrived in Saudi Arabia to join US forces in helping
to protect the desert kingdom from possible Iraqi attack.
1990 Aug 12, Air Force Staff
Sergeant John Campisi of West Covina, California, died after being
hit by a military truck in Saudi Arabia, becoming the first US
casualty of the Persian Gulf crisis.
1990 Aug 12, Iraqi President
Saddam Hussein sought to tie any withdrawal of his troops from
Kuwait to an Israeli withdrawal from the occupied West Bank and Gaza
1990 Aug 13, President Bush
ordered Defense Secretary Dick Cheney to the Persian Gulf for the
second time since Iraq invaded Kuwait. American combat troops in
Saudi Arabia, meanwhile, were told to prepare for a long stay.
1990 Aug 14, Interrupting his
vacation in Kennebunkport, Maine, President Bush returned to
Washington, where he told reporters he saw no hope for a diplomatic
solution to the Persian Gulf crisis, at least until economic
sanctions forced Iraq to withdraw from Kuwait.
1990 Aug 14, Denver voted for a
1% sales tax to pay for a baseball franchise.
1990 Aug 15, In an attempt to
gain support against the US-led coalition in the Persian Gulf, Iraqi
President Saddam Hussein offered to make peace with longtime enemy
1990 Aug 16, President Bush met
with Jordan’s King Hussein in Kennebunkport, Maine, where he urged
the monarch to close Iraq’s access to the sea through the port of
1990 Aug 16, In Iraq, President
Saddam Hussein issued a statement in which he repeatedly called Bush
a "liar" and said the outbreak of war could result in "thousands of
Americans wrapped in sad coffins."
1990 Aug 17, The film "The
Exorcist 3" premiered.
1990 Aug 17, The Commerce
Department reported the US trade deficit shrank to $8.17 billion in
1990 Aug, 17, Phyllis Polaner,
former aide to his ex-wife Robin Givens, sued Mike Tyson (b.1966)
for sexual harassment. A New York City civil jury found Tyson
committed battery but that his behavior was "not outrageous."
1990 Aug 17, Pearl Bailey
(b.1918), Broadway actress, singer, died in Philadelphia from a
heart attack at age 72.
1990 Aug 18, A US frigate fired
warning shots across the bow of an Iraqi oil tanker in the Gulf of
Oman, apparently the first shots fired by the US in the Persian Gulf
1990 Aug 19, Iraqi President
Saddam Hussein offered to free all foreigners detained in Iraq and
Kuwait provided the United States promise to withdraw its forces
from Saudi Arabia and guarantee that an international economic
embargo would be lifted.
1990 Aug 20, George
Steinbrenner stepped down as NY Yankee owner.
1990 Aug 20, For the first time
since Iraq began detaining foreigners, President Bush publicly
referred to the detainees as hostages, and demanded their release.
Iraq moved Western hostages to military installations (human
1990 Aug 20, Three former
Northwest Airlines pilots were convicted in Minneapolis of flying
1990 Aug 20, In Poland 16
people were killed in a collision involving two trains in the Warsaw
suburb of Ursus.
1990 Aug 21, Iraqi President
Saddam Hussein delivered a speech in which he defended the detaining
of foreigners in his country, and promised "a major catastrophe"
should fighting break out in the Persian Gulf.
1990 Aug 22, President Bush
signed an order calling up reservists to bolster the US military
buildup in the Persian Gulf.
1990 Aug 23, David Rose
(b.1910), composer (Holiday for Strings, Stripper), died.
1990 Aug 23, Armenia declared
1990 Aug 23, East and West
Germany announced that they would unite Oct 3. The details of
reunification were designed by interior minister Wolfgang Schauble.
1990 Aug 23, Iraqi state
television showed President Saddam Hussein meeting with a group of
about 20 Western detainees, telling the group—whom he described as
"guests"—that they were being held "to prevent the scourge of war."
1990 Aug 24, Iraqi troops
surrounded foreign missions in Kuwait.
1990 Aug 24, Irish hostage
Brian Keenan was released by his captors in Lebanon after being held
more than four years.
1990 Aug 24, Soviet President
Mikhail S. Gorbachev sent a message to Iraqi President Saddam
Hussein warning the Persian Gulf situation was "extremely
1990 Aug 25, The United Nations
gave the world’s navies the right to use force to stop vessels
trading with Iraq.
1990 Aug 26, Fifty-five
Americans, who had been evacuated from the US Embassy in Kuwait,
left Baghdad by car and headed for the Turkish border.
1990 Aug 26, The bodies of two
slain college students were found in their off-campus apartment in
Gainesville, Florida; three more bodies were discovered in the days
that followed, setting off a wave of panic.
1990 Aug 27, Fifty-two
Americans reached freedom in Turkey after they were allowed to leave
Iraq; three young men originally in the group, however, were
detained by the Iraqis. In Washington, the State Department ordered
the expulsion of 36 Iraqi diplomats.
1990 Aug 28, German spy Juergen
Mohamed Gietler was arrested for passing military information to
Iraq. He provided Iraq with intelligence reports on US military
plans that included what the West knew of Iraqi Scud-B missile
sites. He was convicted in a secret trial in 1991, sentenced to 5
years in prison and released in 1994 after which he moved to Egypt.
(SFC,11/18/97, p.B1)(SFC,12/24/97, p.A6)
1990 Aug 28, Iraq declared
occupied Kuwait the 19th province of Iraq, renamed Kuwait City
Kadhima, and created a new district named after President Saddam
Hussein. A puppet regime under Alaa Hussein was set up. Alaa Hussein
was convicted of treason in 2000 and sentenced to death. Saddam
Hussein, saying he sympathized with his foreign captives, pledged to
free detained women and children.
(RTH, 8/28/99)(SFC, 5/4/00, p.A18)(AP, 8/28/00)
1990 Aug 29, A defiant Iraqi
President Saddam Hussein declared in a television interview that
America could not defeat Iraq, saying, "I do not beg before anyone."
1990 Aug 30, President Bush
told a news conference that a "new world order" could emerge from
the Gulf crisis.
1990 Aug 30, Edmund G. Love
(b.1912), Michigan-based writer, died in Flint. His book ''Subways
Are for Sleeping'' (1957) was the basis for the Broadway musical
(LSA, Spring, 2009,
1990 Aug 30, In Colombia a
series of abductions began with the kidnapping of Diana Turbay, a
Bogota TV news director and daughter of former president Julio Cesar
Turbay. The abductions were by the Medellin drug cartel under Pablo
Escobar. In 1997 Gabriel Garcia Marquez published his documentation
of the events in "News of a Kidnapping."
(SFEC, 6/1/97, BR p.1,6)
1990 Aug 30, UN
Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar arrived in Jordan to try
to mediate the Persian Gulf crisis.
1990 Aug 30, Tatarstan
proclaimed sovereignty. This was not recognized by Russia. The
declaration on the Republic of Tatarstan state sovereignty was
adopted immediately after the declaration on the sovereignty of the
Russian Federation, which provided the peoples' right "to
self-determination in the national-state and national-cultural forms
they have chosen."
1990 Aug 31, East & West
Germany signed a treaty to join legal & political systems.
1990 Aug 31, UN
Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar met twice with Iraqi
Foreign Minister Tariq Aziz in Amman, Jordan, trying to negotiate a
solution to the Persian Gulf crisis.
1990 Aug, In Albania the
government abandoned its monopoly on foreign commerce and began to
open Albania to foreign trade.
(www, Albania, 1998)
1990 Aug, In Armenia Levon
Ter-Petrosyan (52) was elected as President.
(SFC, 2/4/98, p.C2)
1990 Aug, Jose Luiz Santana,
the former president of Brazil's nuclear energy commission, known by
its Portuguese acronym CNEN, said in 2005 that the military was
preparing a test explosion when the program was ultimately
dismantled in August 1990.
1990 Aug, South Ossetia, a
region of north central Georgia with a population of about 100,000,
declared itself sovereign. Ethnic Ossetians speak a language similar
to Persian. Georgia abolished South Ossetia’s autonomous status
following the attempted break. Georgian leader Zviad Gamsakhurdia
declared South Ossetia part of Georgia and marched on Tskhinvali,
the declared capital.
(SFC, 9/1/98, p.A10)(WSJ, 8/27/08, p.A12)
1990 Sep 1, President Bush
announced that he and Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev would
meet in Helsinki, Finland, for a "free-flowing" one-day summit on
the Persian Gulf crisis and other issues.
1990 Sep 2, Dave Stieb of the
Toronto Blue Jays hurled a no-hitter against the Cleveland Indians,
1990 Sep 2, Brian Watkins (22),
a tourist from Utah, was stabbed in the heart and died in NYC while
defending his family from muggers. Seven young men were convicted in
the case. In 2015 a judge overturned the conviction of Johnny
Hincapie (43) and ordered a new trial. Hincapie had testified that a
detective beat him to get a signed confession.
12/8/12, p.31)(SFC, 10/7/15, p.A7)
1990 Sep 2, Dozens of Americans
reached freedom in the first major airlift of Westerners from Iraq
during the month-old Persian Gulf crisis.
1990 Sep 2, The UN Convention
on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) entered into force. As of 2008
only the United States and Somalia had failed to ratify the
1990 Sep 3, President Bush
returned to Washington from his Maine vacation home to prepare for
his summit in Finland with Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev.
1990 Sep 3, Dr. David Acer, a
Florida dentist, died of AIDS after apparently infecting five of his
patients with the HIV virus.
1990 Sep 4, The air evacuation
of Western women and children stranded in Iraq and Kuwait resumed,
with 25 Americans among the nearly 300 who made it to Jordan.
1990 Sep 5, Iraqi President
Saddam Hussein urged Arabs to rise up in a Holy War against the West
and former allies who had turned against him.
1990 Sep 5, In Moscow, Soviet
President Mikhail S. Gorbachev met with Iraqi Foreign Minister Tariq
1990 Sep 6, In San Jose, Ca.,
the new National Hockey League expansion team chose the nickname
Sharks. Play will start in the Fall of 1991.
(SSFC, 9/6/15, DB p.50)
1990 Sep 6, Iraq increased
pressure on trapped Westerners, warning that anyone trying to leave
without permission could face life in prison.
1990 Sep 7, President Bush left
for his one-day Finland summit with Soviet President Mikhail S.
1990 Sep 7, Kimberly Bergalis
of Fort Pierce, Florida, came forward to identify herself as the
young woman who had been infected with AIDS, apparently by her late
dentist. Bergalis died the following year.
1990 Sep 7, Alan J.P. Taylor,
British historian (Origins of WW II), died.
1990 Sep 8, Gabriela Sabatini
won the US Open women’s championship and her first grand slam title
as she defeated Steffi Graf.
1990 Sep 8, Marjorie Judith
Vincent of Illinois was crowned Miss America.
1990 Sep 8, President Bush and
Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev arrived in Helsinki, Finland,
for a one-day summit sparked by the Persian Gulf crisis.
1990 Sep 9, Pete Sampras
defeated Andre Agassi to win the US Open men’s title.
1990 Sep 9, President Bush and
Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev held a one-day summit in
Helsinki, Finland, after which they joined in condemning Iraq’s
invasion of Kuwait.
1990 Sep 9, Liberian dictator
Pres. Samuel K. Doe was killed after being captured by rebels led by
Prince Johnson. Doe was tortured by rivals and bled to death after
an ear was cut off. The remains of Doe’s Krahn-dominated army
composed the AFL or Armed Forces of Liberia.
(SFC, 4/10/96, p.A-4)(SFC, 4/17/96, p.A-8)(AP,
1990 Sep 9, Alexandr Men,
Russian Biblical scholar and writer, was murdered by an ax-wielding
assailant just outside his home of Semkhoz, Russia.
1990 Sep 10, The Ellis Island
Immigration Museum opened following a 6-year, $170 million
1990 Sept 10, In Catamarca,
Argentina, the body of 17-year-old Maria Soledad Morales was found.
She had been tortured, mutilated and killed. Her murder was covered
up by local authorities and as of 1996 no one had yet been charged.
(WSJ, 4/16/96, p.A-1)
1990 Sep 10, Iran agreed to
resume full diplomatic ties with onetime enemy Iraq.
1990 Sep 10, In Ivory Coast
Pope Paul II consecrated the Basilique Notre Dame de la Paix on the
condition that a hospital for the poor be built next door. It was
constructed between 1985 and 1989 at a cost of $300 million. Work on
the hospital began in 2012.
(Econ, 6/16/12, p.60)(http://tinyurl.com/ne47e)
1990 Sep 11, President Bush
addressed Congress on the Persian Gulf crisis, vowing that "Saddam
Hussein will fail" in his takeover of Kuwait.
1990 Sep 11, In Guatemala City
sociologist Myrna Mack was stabbed 27 times to death. Gen’l. Edgar
Augusto Godoy and Colonels Juan Valencia Osorio and Juan Guillermo
Oliva ordered Noel de Jesus Beteta, a soldier, to kill Mack. Beteta
later received a 30 year sentence for the crime. The officers in
1997 sought amnesty under a new treaty. Myrna Mack was an
anthropologist working on the ecological effects of the nation’s
refugee policies and the genocide of Maya Indians. The officers were
ordered to stand trial in 1999. In 2002 Beteta recanted his
confession. In 2003 an appeals court freed Col. Juan Valencia.
(SFC, 1/7/97, p.A10)(SFC, 3/21/97, p.A18)(SFC,
4/28/98, p.A8)(SFC, 1/30/99, p.A14)(AP, 9/18/02)(SFC, 5/8/03, p.A14)
1990 Sep 12, The TV drama
“Gabriel’s Fire" premiered with James Earl Jones as Gabriel Bird.
(LSA, Fall, 2007,
1990 Sep 12, Representatives of
the World War Two allies and West and East Germany signed the Two
Plus Four Treaty in Moscow giving international sanction to German
1990 Sep 13, NBC’s
cop-courtroom drama "Law & Order" premiered on NBC.
1990 Sep 13, The Senate
Judiciary Committee opened its first day of confirmation hearings
for Supreme Court nominee David H. Souter, who firmly refused to
discuss his views on abortion.
1990 Sep 13, The UN Security
Council at its 2939th meeting adopted Resolution 666, regarding
foodstuffs to be supplied to the civilian population in Iraq or
Kuwait in order to relieve human suffering.
1990 Sep 14, Ken Griffey, Sr.
and Jr, hit back-to-back HRs in the 1st inning.
1990 Sep 14, During the Persian
Gulf crisis, the US Navy reported that American troops had fired a
warning shot at an Iraqi tanker, then boarded it briefly before
allowing it to proceed.
1990 Sep 15, France announced
it would send 4,000 more soldiers to the Persian Gulf and expel
Iraqi military attaches in Paris in response to Iraq’s raids on
French, Belgian and Canadian diplomatic compounds in Kuwait.
1990 Sep 16, Iraqi television
broadcast an eight-minute videotaped address by President Bush, who
warned the Iraqi people that Saddam Hussein’s brinkmanship could
plunge them into war "against the world."
1990 Sep 17, Defense Secretary
Dick Cheney sacked Air Force chief of staff General Mike Dugan for
openly discussing contingency plans to launch massive air strikes
against Baghdad and target Iraqi President Saddam Hussein
1990 Sep 17, Supreme Court
nominee David H. Souter concluded three days of testimony before the
Senate Judiciary Committee.
1990 Sep 18, The SF Giants
cited rising player salaries and sought to raise ticket prices for a
3rd year in a row. Upper reserved seats at Candlestick would jump
from $7 to $8 if approved by the SF Recreation and park Dept.
(SSFC, 9/13/15, DB p.50)
1990 Sep 18, The city of
Atlanta was named the site of the 1996 Summer Olympics.
1990 Sep 18, Former
savings-and-loan chief executive Charles H. Keating was jailed in
Los Angeles in lieu of $5 million bail after he was indicted on
criminal fraud charges.
1990 Sep 19, Iraq began
confiscating foreign assets from countries that were imposing
sanctions against the Baghdad government.
1990 Sep 20, Demanding equal
time, Iraq asked US networks to broadcast a message by President
Saddam Hussein in response to President Bush’s videotaped address to
the Iraqi people.
1990 Sep 21, During a meeting
of the Supreme Soviet, President Mikhail S. Gorbachev scolded
legislators for dragging its feet on an economic rescue plan, and
asked for sweeping new emergency powers to stabilize the economy.
1990 Sep 22, Saudi Arabia
expelled most of the Yemeni and Jordanian envoys in Riyadh, accusing
them of unspecified "activities jeopardizing the peace and security
of the kingdom."
1990 Sep 23, PBS began an 11
hour miniseries by Ken Burns on the American Civil War.
1990 Sep 23, Iraq threatened to
destroy Middle East oil fields and attack Israel if other nations
tried to force it from Kuwait.
1990 Sep 23, South African
President F.W. de Klerk arrived in the US for talks with President
1990 Sep 24, South
African President F.W. de Klerk met at the White House with
1990 Sep 24, East Germany
signed a treaty with the Soviet Union ending its membership in the
1990 Sep 24, The Supreme Soviet
voted to give preliminary approval to a plan for switching the
Soviet Union to a free-market economy.
1990 Sep 25, In a videotaped
message to Americans, Iraqi President Saddam Hussein warned that if
President Bush launched a war against his country, "it would not be
up to him to end it."
1990 Sep 25, The UN Security
Council voted 14-to-1 to impose an air embargo against Iraq. Cuba
cast the lone dissenting vote.
1990 Sep 26, The Motion Picture
Association of America announced it had created a new rating,
"NC-17," designed to bar moviegoers under the age of 17 from certain
films without the commercial stigma of the old "X" rating.
1990 Sep 26, Alberto Moravia,
Italian writer (Woman in Red), died at 82.
1990 Sep 27, The US Senate
Judiciary Committee approved the Supreme Court nomination of David
1990 Sep 27, The deposed emir
of Kuwait delivered an emotional address to the UN General Assembly
in which he denounced the "rape, destruction and terror" inflicted
upon his country by Iraq.
1990 Sep 28, The exiled emir of
Kuwait visited the White House, where he told President Bush the
Iraqis were destroying and looting his country.
1990 Sep 29, Top leaders of
Congress and the Bush administration began closed-door negotiations
in an attempt to reach an eleventh-hour budget agreement.
1990 Sep 29, The YF22 fighter,
an American prototype fighter aircraft designed by Northrop and
McDonnell Douglas, was first flown by Lockheed test pilot Dave
1990 Sep 30, President Bush and
congressional leaders forged a $500 billion five-year compromise
package of tax increases and spending cuts.
1990 Sep 30, Serbs in Croatia
1990 Sep, The 1st gene therapy
experiment took place at the NIH.
(SFC, 10/4/02, p.A7)
1990 Sep, San Mateo County,
Ca., and PG&E held a public meeting to tell residents of Daly
City’s Midway Village about the contaminated soil on the site.
Residents wee informed that toxic wastes have been found in about
one of every four of the buildings.
(SFC, 1/19/00, p.A4)(SFC, 3/2/09, p.B1)
1990 Sep, A 61-year-old woman
disappeared in NYC and her dismembered body was found weeks later in
two plastic bags. In 2007 Montenegro police arrested Smail Tulja
(67) in his home in Montenegro's capital, Podgorica, on an
international arrest warrant that the authorities received from FBI
and Interpol agents. He was wanted for the killing and dismemberment
of an elderly woman in New York City in 1990 and is also suspected
in similar slayings of women throughout Europe.
1990 Sep, In Iraq biological
weapons scientists took control of a foot-and-mouth vaccine plant in
Daura and began producing anthrax and botulinum toxin.
(SFEC, 3/7/99, p.A18)
1990 Sep, Transdniestria
declared its independence over fears that Moldova planned to reunite
with Romania. It was not recognized internationally.
1990 Oct 1, President Bush,
addressing the UN General Assembly, again condemned Iraq’s takeover
of Kuwait, but also suggested an unconditional military withdrawal
could help speed an end to the Arab-Israeli conflict.
1990 Oct 1, Curtis E. LeMay
(83), Air Force General and VP candidate, died at March Air Force
1990 Oct 2, President Bush,
trying to muster acceptance for a $500 billion package of tax
increases and spending cuts, asked Americans in a televised address
to support the plan.
1990 Oct 2, The US Senate voted
90-to-9 to confirm the nomination of Judge David H. Souter to the
1990 Oct 3, West Germany
and East Germany ended 45 years of postwar division, declaring the
creation of a new unified country. Formal reunification took place
after a unification treaty was ratified by the Federal Republic‘s
Bundestag and the German Democratic Republic‘s People‘s Chamber in
September. Kurt Masur (1927-2015) directed Beethoven's Ninth
Symphony at the official celebrations.
(AP, 10/3/97)(HN, 10/3/98)(HNQ, 11/10/99)(AP,
1990 Oct 3, Iraqi President
Saddam Hussein made his first known visit to Kuwait since his
country seized control of the oil-rich emirate.
1990 Oct 4, For the first time
in nearly six decades, German lawmakers met in the Reichstag for the
first meeting of reunified Germany’s parliament.
1990 Oct 5, The US House of
Representatives rejected a $500 billion budget agreement forged by
congressional leaders and the Bush administration.
1990 Oct 5, A jury in
Cincinnati acquitted an art gallery and its director of obscenity
charges stemming from an exhibit of sexually graphic photographs by
1990 Oct 5, Meir Kahane (58),
founder of Jewish defense league, was assassinated in NYC by an Arab
1990 Oct 6, President Bush
vetoed stopgap spending legislation passed by Congress following the
collapse of a deficit-reducing budget agreement.
1990 Oct 6, The space shuttle
“Discovery" blasted off on a four-day mission. NASA launched the
Ulysses solar probe, an American and European spacecraft, aboard the
space shuttle Discovery. It ceased operations in 2008.
10/6/00)(SFC, 6/13/08, p.A5)
1990 Oct 6, Four people were
killed in a balloon crash at Gaenserndorf, near Vienna.
1990 Oct 7, The US House and
Senate Democrats put together a modified budget proposal, following
the failure of an earlier plan and the veto of stopgap spending
legislation by President Bush.
1990 Oct 7, Grim Natwick
(b.1890), American animator and film director, died. He created
Betty Boop in 1930.
1990 Oct 7, Israel began
handing out gas masks to its citizens in case of attack by Iraq.
1990 Oct 8, American doctors
Joseph E. Murray and E. Donnall Thomas were named recipients of the
Nobel Prize in medicine for their discoveries about organ and cell
transplantation in the treatment of human disease.
(SFEC, 10/8/96, A9)(AP, 10/8/00)
1990 Oct 8, The US House
approved a revised deficit-reducing budget plan, and both chambers
of Congress approved stopgap spending legislation to end a
1990 Oct 8, Israeli police
opened fire on rioting Palestinians on the Temple Mount in
Jerusalem, killing 17.
1990 Oct 9, President Bush told
a news conference he would be willing to consider higher income tax
rates for the wealthy, but later appeared to back off that stand.
1990 Oct 9, David Hackett
Souter was sworn in as a US Supreme Court judge.
(NW, 7/7/03, p.48)
1990 Oct 10, The Oakland A’s
swept to the American League pennant and their third straight World
Series by defeating the Boston Red Sox, 3-to-1.
1990 Oct 10, The space shuttle
"Discovery" landed safely at Edwards Air Force Base in California,
ending a virtually flawless four-day mission.
1990 Oct 11, The Center for
Urban Archaeology opened in NYC South Street Seaport Museum.
1990 Oct 11, Octavio Paz was
named the winner of the Nobel Prize for literature, the first
Mexican writer so honored.
1990 Oct 11, The first flight
of the X-31 took place. The collaborative US-German Rockwell-MBB
X-31 Enhanced Fighter Maneuverability program was designed to test
fighter thrust vectoring technology.
1990 Oct 11, About 60-thousand
people rallied in Prague, Czechoslovakia, in support of a government
proposal to seize all Communist Party property without compensation.
1990 Oct 12, The Cincinnati
Reds won the National League pennant, defeating the Pittsburgh
1990 Oct 12, Wolfgang Schauble
(b.1942), German politician, was the target of an assassination
attempt by Dieter Kaufmann, who fired 3 shots at Schäuble after an
election campaign event in Oppenau. Schauble was left paralyzed from
the waist down. In 2009 he was appointed finance minister under
Chancellor Angel Merkel.
1990 Oct 12, The UN Security
Council voted unanimously to condemn Israel’s security forces for
killing 17 Palestinian demonstrators on the Temple Mount.
1990 Oct 13, At the start of a
three-day conference in Jiddah, Saudi Arabia, the crown prince of
Kuwait promised greater democracy for the emirate if it were freed
from Iraqi occupation.
1990 Oct 13, In Lebanon, rebel
Christian General Michel Aoun ended his mutiny against the
government. Syrian forces defeated the army under Aoun. Jihad
Georges Eid (20) a soldier in the Lebanese army, was taken from
Lebanon by Syrian troops on the day of the last battle in the civil
war. For the next 20 plus years, more than 600 families, Lebanese
and Palestinian, Muslim and Christian, demanded authorities reveal
the fate of thousands of political prisoners believed to have
disappeared at the hands of Syrian troops.
(AP, 10/13/00)(SFC, 4/27/05, p.A8)(AFP, 10/13/11)
1990 Oct 13, The 1st Russian
Orthodox service in 70 yrs was held in St. Basil's Cathedral.
1990 Oct 13, Le Duc Tho,
co-founder of the Vietnamese Communist Party, died in Hanoi at age
79. He was the 1975 North Vietnamese negotiator in Paris.
(AP, 10/13/00)(MC, 10/13/01)
1990 Oct 14, Leonard Bernstein
(b.1918), American composer and conductor, died in New York City. In
2009 Barry Seldes authored “Leonard Bernstein: The Political Life of
an American Musician."
(AP, 10/14/97)(Econ, 5/30/09, p.85)
1990 Oct 15, Soviet Union
President Mikhail S. Gorbachev was named the winner of the Nobel
(SFC, 10/12/96, p.A13)(AP, 10/15/97)
1990 Oct 15, South Africa’s
Separate Amenities Act, which barred blacks from public facilities
for decades, was formally scrapped.
1990 Oct 16, The
Cincinnati Reds beat the Oakland A’s 7-to-0 in game one of the World
1990 Oct 16, US forces reached
200,000 in Persian Gulf.
1990 Oct 16, Comedian Steve
Martin and his wife, actress Victoria Tennant, visited American GI’s
in Saudi Arabia.
1990 Oct 16, Soviet President
Mikhail S. Gorbachev submitted to the Soviet legislature a
scaled-back plan to transform the Soviet economy to a free-market
1990 Oct 17, "Les Miserables,"
opened at Imperial Theatre, NYC and His Majesty's Theatre, Perth.
1990 Oct 17, The Cincinnati
Reds opened up a two games-to-none World Series lead, beating the
Oakland A’s 5-to-4.
1990 Oct 17, In testimony
before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, Secretary of State
James Baker said Iraqi President Saddam Hussein "must fail if peace
is to succeed."
1990 Oct 18, Iraq offered to
sell its oil to anyone—including the United States—for $21 a barrel,
the same price level that preceded the invasion of Kuwait.
1990 Oct 19, The Cincinnati
Reds beat the Oakland A’s 8-to-3, taking a three games-to-none lead
in the World Series.
1990 Oct 19, Iraq ordered all
foreigners in occupied Kuwait to report to authorities or face
1990 Oct 19, The Supreme Soviet
voted to approve President Mikhail S. Gorbachev’s economic reform
1990 Oct 20, The Cincinnati
Reds won the World Series, 2-to-1, sweeping the Oakland A’s in four
1990 Oct 20, US-Iraq antiwar
protest marches began in 20 US cities.
1990 Oct 20, Three members of
the rap group 2 Live Crew were acquitted by a jury in Fort
Lauderdale, Florida, of violating obscenity laws with an adults-only
concert in nearby Hollywood the previous June.
1990 Oct 20, Joel McCrea (84),
actor (Ramrod), died of pulmonary complications.
1990 Oct 21, Walther Sommerlath
(b.1901), the father of Sweden’s Queen Silvia, died in Heidelberg.
During WWII he swapped a coffee farm in Brazil for a German-based
business owned by Efim Wechsler, a Jewish businessman. This allowed
Wechsler to emigrate from Nazi Germany.
1990 Oct 21, A Palestinian
stabbed three Israelis to death during a rampage in a Jerusalem
neighborhood in retaliation for the police killings of 17 Arabs on
the Temple Mount.
1990 Oct 22, Louis Althusser
(b.1918), Algeria-born French Marxist philosopher, died in Paris.
1990 Oct 23, Deficit-reduction
negotiations continued between the White House and congressional
leaders. President Bush, campaigning in New England, blamed the
Democratic-controlled Congress for the budget impasse.
1990 Oct 23, Iraq announced the
release of 330 French hostages.
1990 Oct 24, The Senate failed
to override President Bush’s veto of a major civil rights bill by a
vote of 66-to-34, one vote short of the two-thirds majority needed.
1990 Oct 24, Humphrey the whale
swam out the Golden Gate ending a 3-day visit to SF Bay. He had
become famous in 1985 after a 3-week tour of the SF Bay and
(SSFC, 10/25/15, DB p.50)
1990 Oct 24, The existence of
Gladio, a “stay-behind" espionage operation, was acknowledged by
Giulio Andreotti, head of the Italian government. It was sponsored
by the CIA and NATO to counter communist influence after World War
II in Italy, as well as in other European countries.
1990 Oct 24, In Pakistan Nawaz
Sharif’s nine-party Democratic Alliance won a 2/3 majority in the
(SFC, 1/30/97, p.A9)
1990 Oct 25, Evander Holyfield
knocked out Buster Douglas in the third round of their fight in Las
Vegas to become the undisputed heavyweight champion of the world.
1990 Oct 25, Defense Secretary
Dick Cheney said the Pentagon was laying plans to send as many as
100-thousand more troops to Saudi Arabia.
1990 Oct 25, NY Daily News went
on strike. It lasted through March, 1991.
1990 Oct 26, Wayne Gretzky
became the first National Hockey League player to reach 2,000
1990 Oct 26, The US State
Department issued a warning that terrorists could be planning an
attack on a passenger ship or aircraft.
1990 Oct 26, William S. Paley,
the founder of CBS Incorporated, died in New York at age 89.
1990 Oct 27, The US Senate gave
final legislative approval to a record package of taxes and spending
cuts, hours after the House approved the plan.
1990 Oct 27, Death claimed
bandleader Xavier Cugat at age 90.
1990 Oct 27, Elliott Roosevelt
(80), son of FDR, died.
1990 Oct 28, In a surprise
move, Iraq said it was halting gasoline rationing imposed earlier in
response to global economic sanctions.
1990 Oct 29, Clinton’s campaign
for governor of Arkansas received a $75,000 loan from the Perry
County Bank. A few days later another cash withdrawal was made for
(SFC, 6/28/96, p.A7)
1990 Oct 29, William French
Smith (73), former US attorney general (1980), died of cancer.
1990 Oct 29, The UN Security
Council voted to hold Saddam Hussein’s regime liable for human
rights abuses and war damages during its occupation of Kuwait.
1990 Oct 30, The Iraqi News
Agency quoted Saddam Hussein as saying Iraq was making final
preparations for war, and that he expected an attack by the United
States and its allies within days.
1990 Oct 30, In the Persian
Gulf, ten American sailors died when a steam pipe ruptured aboard
the USS "Iwo Jima"; in Saudi Arabia, a Marine was killed in an
accident while driving in the desert.
1990 Oct 30, In Russia the
Solovetsky stone was erected in Moscow. It was from the Stalin-era
Solovki prison camp as a memorial to victims of Soviet repression.
1990 Oct 31, During a campaign
swing in suburban Washington, President Bush said "I have had it"
with the way Iraq was treating American diplomats and hostages, but
added he had no timetable for deciding on a possible military
1990 Oct, At the 13th National
Computer Security Conference in Washington, DC, Dorothy Demming
presented her paper "Concerning Hackers Who Break into Computers."
In 1995 she published a postscript denouncing the group.
(Wired, 9/96, p.221)
1990 Oct, A $12.5 million
verdict against the White Aryan Resistance was pronounced for the
killing of an Ethiopian student in Portland.
(SFC, 7/25/98, p.A3)
1990 Oct, McDonald's chose
Shenzhen for its first Chinese restaurant.
1990 Oct, French Pres. Francois
Mitterand called for an economic government of Europe during a
Franco-German summit in Paris.
(Econ, 7/14/07, p.58)
1990 Oct, Tutsi exiles from
Uganda invaded Rwanda. There was an uprising led by mainly Tutsi
exiles in Uganda, known as the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF),
against the 18-year-old regime of Juvenal Habyarimana.
(WSJ, 11/15/96, p.A16)(SFC, 2/21/97, p.A26)
1990 Oct, In Rwanda Fred
Rwigema was killed by a sniper. Paul Kagame returned from studying
at the US Army Command and General Staff College to lead the RPF.
(WSJ, 8/17/98, p.A10)
1990 Oct, Syrian troops entered
Beirut, to ostensibly help end the 15-year Lebanese civil war.
(WSJ, 7/19/95, p.A-1)
1990 Nov 1, During a trip to
Orlando, Florida, President Bush accused Iraqi forces of engaging in
"barbarism" and "brutality," adding, "I don’t believe that Adolf
Hitler ever participated in anything of that nature."
1990 Nov 2, The White House
announced that President Bush planned to spend Thanksgiving with
American GI’s in Saudi Arabia.
1990 Nov 3, Secretary of State
James A. Baker the Third embarked on a fast-paced tour of seven
countries to "lay the foundation" for possible military action
1990 Nov 3, The Kryptos
sculpture, created by sculptor Jim Sanborn, was dedicated in the
courtyard of the CIA headquarters in Virginia.
1990 Nov 3, Mary Martin
(b.1913), Broadway musical actress, died in Rancho Mirage,
California. Her roles included Peter Pan.
1990 Nov 4, Douglas Wakiihuri
of Kenya and Wanda Panfil of Poland won the New York City Marathon.
1990 Nov 4, Secretary of State
James Baker visited US troops in the Saudi Arabian desert.
1990 Nov 4, Iraq issued a new
broadside, saying it was prepared to fight a "dangerous war" rather
than give up Kuwait.
1990 Nov 5, The US Budget
Enforcement Act of 1990 imposed caps on discretionary spending and
introduced the “Paygo" rule, forcing tax cuts to be offset by
spending cuts. It was enacted as title XIII of the Omnibus Budget
Reconciliation Act of 1990.
1990 Nov 5, Rabbi Meir Kahane,
the Brooklyn-born Israeli extremist who campaigned to drive Arabs
from Israel, was shot to death after a speech at a New York hotel.
Egyptian native El Sayyed Nosair was acquitted of murder and
convicted of weapons charges in state court; he was later convicted
in connection with the slaying in federal court.
1990 Nov 6, US Democrats
increased their congressional voting strength in midterm elections.
1990 Nov 6, William Jefferson
became the 1st African American to be elected to Congress from
Louisiana since Reconstruction. In 2005 he was under FBI
investigation for corruption.
(SFC, 8/4/05, p.A3)
1990 Nov 6, In Texas Ann
Richards (1933-2006) narrowly beat oilman Clayton Williams to become
1990 Nov 6, About one-fifth of
the Universal Studios back lot in southern California was destroyed
in an arson fire.
1990 Nov 6, In Saudi Arabia a
group of women got into cars and drove the streets of Riyadh in
defiance of a government ban. The protest, which made headlines
around the world, cost the 47 female drivers and passengers dearly.
They were arrested, lost their jobs for 2 1/2 years, were banned
from travel for a year and were condemned by the powerful clergy as
harlots. This led interior minister Prince Nayef bin Abdul Aziz to
ban women from driving.
(AP, 11/14/08)(AFP, 6/16/12)
1990 Nov 7, In some of her
strongest remarks during the Persian Gulf crisis, British Prime
Minister Margaret Thatcher warned Iraqi President Saddam Hussein
that time was "running out" for a peaceful solution.
1990 Nov 7, Lawrence Durrell
(b.1912), expatriate British writer, died in France. His most famous
work is the tetralogy The Alexandria Quartet (1957-1960). In 2012
Joanna Hodgkin authored “Amateurs in Eden: The Story of a Bohemian
Marriage, Nancy and Lawrence Durrell."
1990 Nov 7, Mary Robinson was
elected as 1st female president of Ireland for a 7 year term. She
was later selected as the UN commissioner for human rights.
1990 Nov 7, In Ivory Coast
Alassane Ouattara (b.1942) served as prime minister under Pres.
Felix Houphouet-Boigny. He continued in office to 1993.
1990 Nov 8, The play "6 Degrees
of Separation," written by John Guare opened at Vivian Beaumont NYC
for 496 performances.
1990 Nov 8, President Bush
ordered a new round of troop deployments in the Persian Gulf, adding
up to 150-thousand soldiers to the multinational force facing off
1990 Nov 9, Soviet President
Mikhail S. Gorbachev signed a historic non-aggression treaty with
Germany, winning praise from German leaders in Bonn for his role in
the peaceful fall of the Berlin Wall.
1990 Nov 10, Secretary of State
James A. Baker the Third returned to Washington, claiming success in
his weeklong diplomatic tour aimed at shoring up the anti-Iraq
1990 Nov 10, Chandra Shekhar
was sworn in as India’s new prime minister.
1990 Nov 11, Stormie Jones, the
world’s first heart-liver transplant recipient, died at a Pittsburgh
hospital at age 13.
1990 Nov 11, In Myanmar Rangoon
students Soe Myint and a friend hijacked a plane enroute from
Bangkok to Yangon. They made it fly to Calcutta (later Kolkata) by
pretending that a bar of soap inside a statuette was a bomb. Myint
then launched a news service covering Myanmar from India using
(http://tinyurl.com/kz4vs6d)(Econ, 8/10/13, p.38)
1990 Nov 12, Actress Eve Arden
died in Beverly Hills, California, at age 82.
1990 Nov 12, Japanese Emperor
Akihito formally assumed the Chrysanthemum Throne.
1990 Nov 13, Secretary of State
James A. Baker III told reporters in Hamilton, Bermuda, the Persian
Gulf crisis threatened world recession and the loss of American
jobs. Members of Congress demanded a larger role in US Gulf policy
following President Bush’s decision to send more US troops to the
1990 Nov 14, President Bush
told congressional leaders he had no immediate plans to go to war in
the Persian Gulf.
1990 Nov 14, Simon and Schuster
announced it had dropped plans to publish the controversial Bret
Easton Ellis novel "American Psycho."
1990 Nov 14, British journalist
commentator Malcolm Muggeridge (b.1903) died in Sussex, England.
Richard Ingrams authored: "Muggeridge: The Biography" (1996).
(WSJ, 4/17/96, p.A-18) (AP,
1990 Nov 15, Pres. Bush signed
the Clear Air Act of 1990.
1990 Nov 15, The US Senate
Ethics Committee began hearings on the "Keating Five," a group of
senators accused of going too far in helping failed savings-and-loan
owner Charles H. Keating Junior.
1990 Nov 15, Milli Vanilli’s
producer confirmed rumors the duo had not done any of the singing on
their debut album, "Girl You Know It’s True."
1990 Nov 15, The space shuttle
"Atlantis" was launched on a secret military mission.
1990 Nov 16, Four of the
so-called "Keating Five" went before the Senate Ethics Committee to
deny any wrongdoing in helping failed savings-and-loan owner Charles
H. Keating Junior.
1990 Nov 16, Soviet President
Mikhail S. Gorbachev told an angry Soviet legislature he would fire
government and military officials blocking his reform plans.
1990 Nov 17, President Bush, on
the first visit to Czechoslovakia by a US president, told a cheering
crowd of 100,000 in Prague that "America will stand with you"
through hard times ahead.
1990 Nov 18, President Bush
began a series of meetings in Paris with allied leaders aimed at
solidifying support for his Persian Gulf policies.
1990 Nov 18, Soviet President
Mikhail S. Gorbachev met at the Vatican with Pope John Paul the
Second, who said all possible efforts should be made to avoid war in
the Persian Gulf.
1990 Nov 19, The pop duo Milli
Vanilli were stripped of their Grammy Award because other singers
had lent their voices to the "Girl You Know It's True" album.
1990 Nov 19, Leaders of 16 NATO
members and the remaining six Warsaw Pact nations signed treaties in
Paris making sweeping cuts in conventional arms throughout Europe
and pledging non-aggression toward one another. The Treaty on
Conventional Armed Forces in Europe (CFE) was signed by the United
States and 21 other NATO and WTO countries at a CSCE summit in
1990 Nov 20, The space shuttle
"Atlantis" landed at Cape Canaveral, Florida, after completing a
secret military mission.
1990 Nov 20, The Soviet Union
again rebuffed President Bush’s efforts to rally support for a UN
Security Council resolution authorizing military force against Iraq.
1990 Nov 20, Margaret Thatcher
failed to defeat Heseltine's bid for party leadership.
1990 Nov 21, President Bush
arrived in Saudi Arabia, where he conferred with Saudi King Fahd and
Kuwait’s exiled emir.
1990 Nov 21, Junk-bond
financier Michael R. Milken, who had pleaded guilty to six felony
counts, was sentenced by a federal judge in New York to ten years in
prison. He served two.
1990 Nov 22, President Bush,
his wife, Barbara, and top congressional leaders shared Thanksgiving
dinner with US troops in Saudi Arabia.
1990 Nov 22, Three term British
PM Margaret Thatcher, having failed to win re-election of the
Conservative Party leadership on the first ballot, announced her
resignation. In 2009 Richard Vinen authored “Thatcher’s Britain: The
Politics and Social Upheaval of the Thatcher Era."
(AP, 11/22/97)(Econ, 5/2/09, p.84)
1990 Nov 23, President Bush
conferred separately with Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak in Cairo
and Syrian President Hafez Assad in Geneva, seeking Arab support for
his drive to expel Iraqi troops from Kuwait.
1990 Nov 23, Roald Dahl
(b.1916), British short story author (Sweet Mystery of Life), died.
Dahl became widely know for “Charlie and the Chocolate Factory" and
“James and Giant Peach." From 1953 to 1983 he was married to actress
Patricia Neal (1926-2010). In 2010 Donald Sturrock authored
“Storyteller: The Authorized Biography of Roald Dahl."
p.A6)(SSFC, 10/3/10, p.F4)
1990 Nov 23, Iraq ended curfew
in occupied Kuwait, but began calling up army reservists in their
1990 Nov 24, President Bush
returned home from an eight-day tour of Europe and the Middle East,
during which he’d lobbied foreign leaders on behalf of his Persian
1990 Nov 24, In Texas Rosemary
Diaz (15) went missing. Her remains were found in 2015 near the
Wharton-Matagorda county line following a tip from the family of a
man considered a suspect in the case. The suspect had recently died
1990 Nov 25, Poland held its
first popular presidential election. Solidarity founder Lech Walesa,
who received a plurality of votes, won a runoff the following month.
1990 Nov 26, Five permanent
members of U.N. Security Council agreed on peace plan for Cambodia.
1990 Nov 26, Japanese business
giant Matsushita Electric Industrial Co. agreed to acquire MCA Inc.
for $6.6 billion.
1990 Nov 27, Britain's
conservatives chose John Major to succeed Margaret Thatcher.
1990 Nov 27, In Switzerland the
canton Appenzell Rhodes-Interieur was required to count women’s
votes by a decision of the Swiss Federal Tribunal. It was the last
Swiss state to finally give women the right to vote.
(Hem., 2/97, p.26)
1990 Nov 28, Tamara De Treaux
(b.1959), movie actress, played E.T.; 31 in. tall, died.
1990 Nov 28, Margaret Thatcher
resigned as prime minister of Britain during an audience with Queen
Elizabeth II, who conferred the premiership on John Major.
1990 Nov 29, Pres. George H.
Bush signed the US Immigration Act of this year allowed up to 10,000
foreign citizens to gain an "employment creation" visa if they would
put up $1 million in a job creating enterprise. Immigrant Investor
Program, also known as EB-5, was set up to lure foreigners by giving
them the right to live and work in the US if they created jobs.
1990 Nov 29, The UN Security
Council (Resolution 678), led by the United States, voted 12-to-two
to authorize military action if Iraq did not withdraw its troops
from Kuwait and release all foreign hostages by January 15th, 1991.
(AP, 11/29/00)(SFC, 9/24/02, p.A12)
1990 Nov 30, President Bush
announced that Secretary of State James Baker the Third would go to
Iraq in a last-ditch diplomatic peace effort.
1990 Nov 30, President Bush
named outgoing Florida Governor Bob Martinez to head the nation’s
war on drugs.
1990 Nov 30, Harken Energy
transferred $20 million in debt to a Harvard partnership, and
eliminated another $16 million in debt by transferring assets to
Harvard. George W. Bush served as a Harken board member and paid
(WSJ, 10/9/02, p.A4)
1990 Nov 30, Author Norman
Cousins died in Los Angeles at age 75.
1990 Nov, The US stock market
began a 4 month decline of 22%.
1990 Nov, San Mateo County,
Ca., hired contractors to remove some of the soil from Midway
Village in Daly City and to cap some areas with concrete patios.
(SFC, 1/19/00, p.A4)
1990 Nov, In Albania private
religious practice began to be allowed.
1990 Nov, British Cabinet
member Geoffrey Howe resigned as deputy prime minister over PM
margaret Thatcher’s refusal to agree on a timetable to join a single
(Econ, 4/13/13, p.28)
1990 Nov, In Bulgaria Andrei
Lukanov fell from power under a wave of protests and strikes.
(SFC, 10/5/96, p.A10)
1990 Nov, In Chad Idriss
Deby (37), a guerilla chief, seized power in a coup. His Zaghawa
tribe came to dominate the government and was widely opposed by
other Chadians from other regions.
(www.atlapedia.com/online/countries/chad.htm)(Econ, 3/4/06, p.42)
1990 Nov, In Naples 2 oil
paintings and 17 busts were stolen from the church of Santa Maria
degli Angeli alle Croci. In 2009 one of the busts was found in the
home of a North Carolina couple who had no idea it was stolen.
Authorities told The Charlotte Observer the trail went cold until
two years ago, when officials in Rome let federal agents know an
Italian citizen sold a similar statue to an antiques dealer from
1990 Nov, In Macedonia a party
that advocated a confederation of independent states of Yugoslavia
(SFC, 6/11/96, p.A14)
1990 Dec 1, British and French
workers digging the Channel Tunnel between their countries finally
met after knocking out a passage in a service tunnel large enough to
walk through and shake hands.
1990 Dec 1, Hissene Habre
(b.1942), dictator of Chad, was deposed by Idriss Deby and fled to
Senegal with $11 million.
1990 Dec 1, Iraq accepted a US
offer to talk about resolving the Persian Gulf crisis.
1990 Dec 2, Composer Aaron
Copland died in North Tarrytown, N.Y., at age 90. In 1999 Howard
Pollack published "Aaron Copland: The Life and Work of an Uncommon
(AP, 12/2/98)(SFEC, 5/2/99, BR p.4)
1990 Dec 2, Bob Cummings
(b.1908), film and TV star, died in Woodland Hills, California.
1990 Dec 2, Chancellor Helmut
Kohl’s center-right coalition easily won the first free all-German
elections since 1932.
1990 Dec 3, A Northwest
Airlines DC-9 collided on the ground with a Northwest Boeing 727 at
Detroit Metropolitan Airport, resulting in a fire that claimed eight
1990 Dec 3, President Bush
began a five-nation South American tour as he arrived in Brazil.
1990 Dec 3, Walter Hickel
(1919-2010), former governor of Alaska (1966-1969) and US Interior
chief (1969-1970) under Pres. Nixon, took office as Alaska’s 8th
governor. He served to Dec 5, 1994.
1990 Dec 4, President Bush, on
a five-nation South American tour, said in Uruguay he was not
convinced that "sanctions alone" would bring Iraqi President Saddam
Hussein "to his senses" about invading Kuwait.
1990 Dec 4, Due to Persian Gulf
crisis gas prices hit $1.60 per gallon in NYC.
1990 Dec 4, Eric Larrabee (68),
magazine editor, author, arts administrator, teacher and champion of
the arts, died at his home in Manhattan. His books included
“Commander in Chief: Franklin Delano Roosevelt, His Lieutenants, and
Their War" (1987).
(WSJ, 1/12/08, p.W9)(http://tinyurl.com/2j2tkr)
1990 Dec 4, Iraq promised
to release 3300 Soviet citizens it was holding.
1990 Dec 5, President Bush, on
a visit to Argentina, said he was "not optimistic" that Iraqi
President Saddam Hussein would withdraw from Kuwait without a fight.
1990 Dec 6, Shoeless Joe
Jackson's signature was sold for $23,100.
1990 Dec 6, In Bangladesh an
opposition campaign led by Khaleda Zia and Sheikh Hasina forced
Pres. Hossain Mohammad Ershad to resign.
1990 Dec 6, Iraq announced that
it would release all its hostages, saying foreigners could begin
leaving in two days.
1990 Dec 7, As President Bush
arrived in Venezuela on the last stop of his South American tour,
his chief spokesman, Marlin Fitzwater, warned Iraq that there was
"no lessening in the threat of war," despite Iraq’s promise to
release its hostages.
1990 Dec 8, As former American
hostages began leaving Iraq and occupied Kuwait, President
Bush—wrapping up his South America tour in Caracas, Venezuela—said
the evacuation made for "one less worry I’ve got" in deciding
whether to go to war against Baghdad.
1990 Dec 9, The first American
hostages to be released by Iraq began arriving in the United States.
1990 Dec 8, In Albania Tirana
University students demonstrated in the streets and called for the
dictatorship to end. Ramiz Alia met with the students 4 days later;
a multiparty system was introduced; the Democratic Party, the first
opposition party was established; the regime authorized political
(www, Albania, 1998)(SFC, 12/18/00,
1990 Dec 9, Lech Walesa,
founder of Solidarity, was elected president of Poland in a runoff
by a landslide.
(WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A12)(HN, 12/999)(AP, 12/9/00)
1990 Dec 10, A stand-in for
Mikhail Gorbachev accepted the 1990 Nobel Peace Prize.
1990 Dec 10, The Food and Drug
Administration approved Norplant, a long-acting contraceptive
1990 Dec 10, The space shuttle
"Columbia" returned from its tenth mission.
1990 Dec 10, Industrialist
Armand Hammer died at age 92.
1990 Dec 11, Ivana Trump was
divorced from real estate mogul Donald Trump after 12 years of
1990 Dec 11, Four people died
near downtown Columbus, Ohio, after their hot air balloon hit a
television tower and deflated.
1990 Dec 11, In Chattanooga,
Ten., 12 died in a 99 vehicle accident on I-75 due to fog.
1990 Dec 11, Hundreds of
foreigners flew out of Iraq and Iraqi-occupied Kuwait, ending four
months of captivity following Iraq’s invasion of its oil-rich
1990 Dec 12, President Bush
announced that he and Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev would
hold a summit the following February in Moscow.
1990 Dec 12, Lauro Cavazos
resigned as US secretary of education.
1990 Dec 13, A final evacuation
flight from Iraq arrived in Germany, carrying the US ambassador to
Kuwait and his staff, who had endured a 110-day Iraqi siege of their
1990 Dec 14, President
Bush said he would nominate Lynn Martin to succeed Elizabeth H. Dole
as labor secretary.
1990 Dec 14, President Bush
prodded Iraqi President Saddam Hussein to agree to talks on the
Persian Gulf crisis by January third.
1990 Dec 14, A Right to Die
case permitted Nancy Cruzan of Missouri to have her feeding tube
removed. She died 12 days later.
1990 Dec 14, In Hong Kong 10
Vietnamese boat people set fire to themselves to protest screening
policy that could prevent them from settling in the West.
1990 Dec 14, Friedrich
Durrenmatt (b.1921), Swiss author and playwright, died. In 2006 the
Univ. of Chicago published a translation of his selected writings in
3 volumes. "What was once thought can never be unthought."
1990 Dec 15, European Community
leaders wrapped up a historic summit in Rome committed to creating a
politically unified federation.
1990 Dec 15, With one
month left before a UN deadline for Iraq to leave Kuwait, Iraq gave
no indication it was prepared to pull out.
1990 Dec 16, Jean-Bertrand
Aristide was elected president of Haiti in the country’s first
democratic elections. He was overthrown in a military coup in 1991,
but was later restored to power.
1990 Dec 17, President Bush
pledged "no negotiation for one inch" of Kuwaiti territory would
take place as he repeated his demand for Iraq’s complete withdrawal.
1990 Dec 17, President Bush
nominated former Tennessee Governor Lamar Alexander to be secretary
of education, succeeding Lauro Cavazos.
1990 Dec 18, Less than a month
before a UN deadline for Iraq to withdraw from Kuwait, President
Bush told reporters he believed Americans would support a military
strike, if one proved necessary. In Baghdad, the ruling
Revolutionary Command Council said Iraq was "ready for the decisive
1990 Dec 19, Iraq urged its
people to stockpile oil to avoid shortages should war break out, and
Saddam Hussein declared he was "ready to crush any attack."
1990 Dec 20, Soviet Foreign
Minister Eduard Shevardnadze shocked Soviet lawmakers by announcing
his resignation, warning that "dictatorship is coming."
1990 Dec 21, British Prime
Minister John Major met with President Bush at Camp David, Maryland;
afterward, the two leaders expressed their unity on the Persian Gulf
1990 Dec 21, In Iraq hundreds
of thousands of Iraqis participated in an evacuation drill to test
1990 Dec 22, Twenty-one sailors
returning from shore leave to the aircraft carrier USS "Saratoga"
drowned when the Israeli ferry they were traveling on capsized.
1990 Dec 22, Lech Walesa took
the oath of office as Poland's first popularly elected president.
Ryszard Kaczorowski (1919-2010), the last president of
Poland’s government in exile in London, ended his 2-year term. He
passed the presidential insignia to Lech Walesa, thus ending the
45-years long episode of the Polish government in exile.
1990 Dec 23, Saddam Hussein
said Israel would be Iraq's 1st target.
1990 Dec 23, Slovenians voted
overwhelmingly in favor of independence and their republic’s
secession from Yugoslavia.
1990 Dec 24, In Lebanon Omar
Karami (1934-2014) began serving his first term as prime minister
and continued to May 15, 1992.
1990 Dec 25, Soviet President
Mikhail S. Gorbachev won sweeping new powers from the Congress of
1990 Dec 25, Romania’s former
monarch, King Michael, arrived on his first visit to his homeland
since Communist rulers forced him to abdicate four decades earlier.
He was deported by the new Bucharest government less than 12 hours
1990 Dec 26, Garry Kasparov
beat Anatoly Karpov to retain chess championship.
1990 Dec 26, The US government
reported that its 1990 census had counted a total 249 million,
632,692 people. The US census for this year categorized the
population as "White, Negro or Black, American Indian (tribe can be
listed), Eskimo, Aleut, Asian or Pacific Islander, and other.
Specific Asian nationalities could be checked off." The census
counted over 1.6 million Chinese Americans with 40% of them in
(SFC,12/26/97, p.A21)(SFEC, 2/6/00, Rp.10)(AP,
1990 Dec 26, Nancy Cruzan, the
young woman in an irreversible vegetative state whose case led to a
US Supreme Court decision on the right to die, died at a Missouri
1990 Dec 26, Soviet President
Mikhail S. Gorbachev nominated Gennady I. Yanayev to be the Soviet
Union’s first vice president. Yanayev helped lead an abortive coup
against Gorbachev in August 1991.
1990 Dec 28, The US government
reported that its Index of Leading Indicators plunged 1.2% the
previous month, the 5th consecutive monthly drop.
1990 Dec 28, Two people died in
a subway fire in New York City
1990 Dec 28, 33 people were
injured in a trolley collision in Boston.
1990 Dec 29, Iraq denied a
report that it was engaged in secret contacts with the US to avert
war, and might withdraw from Kuwait before the January 15th United
1990 Dec 30, Iraq’s information
minister (Latif Nussayif Jassim) said President Bush "must have been
drunk" when he suggested Iraq might withdraw from Kuwait, and added:
"We will show the world America is a paper tiger."
1990 Dec 31, Sci-Fi Channel on
cable TV began transmitting.
1990 Dec 31, George Allen, US
football coach (LA Rams, Wash Redskins), died.
1990 Dec, Some 540,000 American
troops assembled to drive Iraqi forces from Kuwait.
(WP, 6/29/96, p.A22)
1990 Dec, Investor Kirk
Kerkorian said he had bought a 9.8% stake in Chrysler Corp.
(WSJ, 5/15/07, p.A14)
1990 Dec, In Hayward, Ca., Lisa
White was murdered and her daughter (10) was allegedly raped. In
1997 Michael Martinez (37) was convicted and sentenced to death. His
death sentence was upheld in 2009.
(SFC, 8/14/09, p.D2)
1990 Dec, In Bulgaria the
Socialist dominated Parliament formed a coalition government headed
by nonparty lawyer Dimitar Popov. It included the opposition Union
of Democratic Forces (UDF).
(SFC, 5/2/97, p.A14)
1990 Dec, China opened the A
share capital market for Chinese citizens.
(Hem. 1/95, p. 49)
1990 Dec, In Serbia Milosevic
won the presidency and his Socialist (formerly Communist) Party
captured 194 of 250 parliamentary seats.
(SFC, 6/11/96, p.A14)