Return to home1992 Oct 1,
Texas billionaire Ross Perot jumped back into the presidential race.
1992 Oct 1, The U.S. Senate
voted 93-to-6 to approve the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty.
1992 Oct 1, Petra Kelly
(b.1947), founder of the German Green Party, was shot dead in Bonn.
1992 Oct 2, The campaigns of
President Bush and Democrat Bill Clinton agreed to hold three
presidential debates and one vice-presidential debate.
1992 Oct 2, In Brazil Col.
Ubiratan Guimaraes led the "Carandiru massacre," where 111 inmates
where killed during a raid to quell a prison riot in Sao Paulo.
Guimaraes was convicted in 2001 and sentenced to 632 years in
prison, but awaited a 2nd trial. In 2006 Guimaraes (63) was
murdered at his apartment in Sao Paulo. In April, 2013, 23 police
officers were each sentenced to 156 years in jail. Dozens more faced
(SFC, 9/21/98, p.A14)(SSFC, 7/1/01, p.A18)(AP,
9/11/06)(Econ, 9/16/06, p.48)(SSFC, 8/4/13, p.A4)
1992 Oct 3, President Bush
vetoed a measure to re-regulate cable television. Congress overrode
the veto two days later.
1992 Oct 3, Sinead O'Connor,
Irish rock singer, ripped up a picture of Pope John Paul II on
Saturday Night Live.
1992 Oct 3, William Gates, the
college-dropout founder of Microsoft, headed the Forbes magazine 400
list of the richest Americans with a net worth of 6.3 billion
dollars. His assets reached 51 billion in 2005.
1992 Oct 4, In the Netherlands
an Israeli El Al Jumbo Jet transport, enroute from New York to Tel
Aviv, crashed into an Amsterdam apartment complex and killed 43
people. Since then scores of people complained of unidentified
health problems. In 1998 it was revealed that the jet carried 50
gallons of dimethyl methylphosphonate, a non-poisonous ingredient of
sarin nerve gas, destined for Israel. A report on the crash was
released in 1999 and said that the plane's ballast included
carcinogenic depleted uranium.
10/4/97)(WSJ, 4/22/99, A1)
1992 Oct 4, In Mozambique a
peace accord ended 17 years of civil war during which some 600,000
people were killed.
1992 Oct 5, Both houses of
Congress voted to override President Bush's veto of a measure to
re-regulate cable television companies.
1992 Oct 6, President Bush
appointed Mary Fisher to the National Commission on AIDS, replacing
1992 Oct 6, The US Congress
approved HOPE VI, the Housing Opportunities for People Everywhere
program. It targeted the worst housing estates and encouraged
1992 Oct 6, The U.N. Security
Council voted unanimously to establish a war crimes commission for
1992 Oct 7, Trade
representatives of the United States, Canada and Mexico initialed
the North American Free Trade Agreement during a ceremony in San
1992 Oct 7, Allan Bloom (62),
psychologist and author (Closing of the American Mind), died.
1992 Oct 7, The Ubykh language
of the north-eastern Caucasus died out when Tevfik Esenc (b.1904), a
Circassian exile in Turkey, died.
1992 Oct 8, Derek Walcott
(1930-2013), West Indies born poet (Saint Lucia), was named winner
of the Nobel Prize in literature. In 1997 his collection of poems
"The Bounty" was published. In 2014 an anthology of his poetry was
(SFEC, 7/13/97, BR p.1)(AP, 10/8/97)(Econ,
3/20/10, p.94)(Econ, 4/26/14, p.81)
1992 Oct 8, Iraqi police seized
at gunpoint American bomb disposal expert Chad Hall, who was working
in a disputed and ill-defined border area between Iraq and Kuwait.
He was released two days later. [see Oct 10]
1992 Oct 8, Willy Brandt (78),
former West German Chancellor (1969-74) and Nobel Peace Prize winner
(1971), died in Unkel, Germany.
1992 Oct 9, The US 102nd
1992 Oct 9, To protect the US
food airlift, the first American forces arrived in Somalia.
1992 Oct 9, A great Peekskill
Meteorite was seen from Kentucky to NY.
1992 Oct 9, In Alabama Jack
Trawick abducted and killed college student Stephanie Gach (21) in
Birmingham. Trawick (62), a serial murderer, was executed in 2009.
1992 Oct 9, The U.N. Security
Council voted to ban all military flights over Bosnia-Herzegovina.
1992 Oct 10, Iraq released U.S.
munitions expert Clinton Hall, two days after he'd been taken
prisoner in the demilitarized zone separating Iraq and Kuwait.
1992 Oct 11, President Bush,
Democrat Bill Clinton and independent candidate Ross Perot met for
the first of three debates, this one held at Washington University
in St. Louis.
1992 Oct 12, In Texas Mike
Piperis (46), co-owner of U&I Restaurant in Corpus Christi, and
Anthony Staton (31), a cook, were murdered. Martin E. Gurule was
convicted for the murder and sentenced to death. Gurule’s
girlfriend, Malisa Smith, was also convicted, and sentenced to 25
years in prison.
(SFC, 11/28/98, p.A8)
1992 Oct 12, Arecibo radio
telescope in Puerto Rico began a microwave search for occupied
1992 Oct 12, A 5.8 earthquake
hit Cairo and at least 510 people died.
1992 Oct 13, Vice President Dan
Quayle, Senator Al Gore and retired admiral James B. Stockdale
clashed in a freewheeling vice-presidential debate in Atlanta.
1992 Oct 14, The Nobel Prize
for chemistry went to American Rudolph A. Marcus; the prize for
physics went to George Charpak of France.
1992 Oct 14, Russia's worst
serial killer, Andrei Chikatilo, was convicted of mutilating and
killing 52 women and children. The Rostov Ripper was executed in
(AP, 10/14/97)(Reuters, 12/10/18)
1992 Oct 15, The US State
Department acknowledged that it had improperly handled requests for
the passport file of Democratic presidential nominee Bill Clinton.
1992 Oct 15, NYC Subway
motorman Robert Ray was convicted of manslaughter in death of 5
riders, when he fell asleep drunk while in control of train on Aug
1992 Oct 15, In Liberia
Operation Octopus began when forces under Charles Taylor attacked
positions of a West African peacekeeping force, ECOMOG. Martina
Johnson, the head of the heavy artillery unit for the National
Patriotic Front of Liberia, reportedly led the operation.
1992 Oct 16, The Nobel Peace
prize was awarded to Rigoberta Menchu, a Guatemalan Indian who spoke
on behalf of indigenous people and victims of government repression.
In 1999 David Stoll published "Rigoberta Menchu and the Story of All
Poor Guatemalans," in which he contradicts material in Menchu's book
"I Rigoberta Menchu."
(SFC, 10/12/96, p.A13)(AP, 10/16/97)(SFEC,
3/7/99, BR p.4)
1992 Oct 17, The Atlanta Braves
defeated the Toronto Blue Jays in game one of the World Series,
1992 Oct 17, Japanese exchange
student Yoshi Hattori, 16, was shot and killed by Rodney Peairs in
Center, La., after Hattori and his American host mistakenly knocked
on Peairs' door while looking for a Halloween party. Peairs was
acquitted of manslaughter, but in a civil trial was ordered to pay
more than $650,000 in damages to Hattori's family.
1992 Oct 18, The visiting
Toronto Blue Jays defeated the Atlanta Braves in game two of the
World Series, 5-to-4, evening the series at one game apiece. The
pre-game ceremony was marred by a U.S. Marine Corps color guard that
mistakenly presented the Canadian flag upside-down.
1992 Oct 19, President Bush,
Democrat Bill Clinton and independent Ross Perot met in their third
and final campaign debate, in East Lansing, Mich.
1992 Oct 19, Maurice le Roux,
French conductor and composer (Contes immoraux), died.
1992 Oct 20, The host Toronto
Blue Jays defeated the Atlanta Braves, 3-2 in game three of the
World Series, taking a two-games-to-one lead. This was the first
World Series game to be played outside the U.S. During the pre-game
ceremony, a Marine color guard presented the Canadian flag
correctly, two days after another guard held the banner upside-down
before game two.
1992 Oct 20, Jackson Weaver
(b.1920), voice of Smokey the Bear, died of diabetes.
1992 Oct 20, In Malawi Orton
Chirwa, a lawyer who helped establish the country’s independence,
died in prison. He was Malawi’s first Minister of Justice.
(SFEC, 1/19/96, Par
1992 Oct 21, Singer Madonna's
book "Sex" was released.
1992 Oct 21, The Toronto Blue
Jays won game four of the World Series, defeating the Atlanta Braves
1992 Oct 21, A report prepared
for the Los Angeles police commission found that the city was
unprepared to handle the rioting that broke out the previous spring,
and had responded inadequately.
1992 Oct 21, Shirley Booth,
actress (Hazel), died at 94.
1992 Oct 21, Jim Garrison,
Louisiana DA who investigated the JFK assassination, died at 70.
1992 Oct 21, In Egypt a British
nurse died in a bus attack by Islamic extremists in Dairu.
1992 Oct 22, Wendy
Wasserstein's "Sisters Rosensweig," opened in NYC.
1992 Oct 22, The Atlanta Braves
beat the Toronto Blue Jays, 7-2, in game five of the World Series.
1992 Oct 22, The space shuttle
Columbia was launched on a 10-day mission that included deployment
of an Italian satellite.
1992 Oct 22, Red Barber (84),
sportscaster (Dodgers, Yankees), died.
1992 Oct 22, Cleavon Little
(53), actor (Blazing Saddles), died.
1992 Oct 23, President Bush
announced that Vietnam had agreed to turn over all materials in its
possession related to U.S. personnel in the Vietnam War.
1992 Oct 23, Japanese Emperor
Akihito began a visit to China, the first by a Japanese monarch.
1992 Oct 23, A French court
convicted three former health officials of charges they knowingly
allowed blood tainted with the AIDS virus to be used in
1992 Oct 24, The Toronto Blue
Jays became the first non-U.S. team to win the World Series as they
defeated the Atlanta Braves, 4-3, in game six.
1992 Oct 25, Independent
presidential candidate Ross Perot, explaining why he had abandoned
his White House bid in July, publicly accused the Republican Party
of plotting to disrupt his business operations and his daughter's
wedding. White House spokesman Marlin Fitzwater called the charges
"loony" and "crazy."
1992 Oct 25, Singer-songwriter
Roger Miller (56) died in Los Angeles.
1992 Oct 26, Pres. Bush signed
an act requiring the release of nearly all government files
concerning the assassination of President Kennedy.
1992 Oct 26, Robert C. Stempel
resigned as chairman and chief executive officer of General Motors
1992 Oct 26, Voters in Canada
rejected a constitutional reform package known as the Charlottetown
1992 Oct 27, The government
reported that the U.S. gross domestic product grew at an
inflation-adjusted annual rate of 2.7 percent in the third quarter
1992 Oct 27, In Oil City,
Pennsylvania, Shauna Howe (11) was kidnapped while walking home from
a pre-Halloween party. Her battered body was found 3 days later. For
every year afterward, the City Council voted to allow
trick-or-treating in the afternoon only. In 2004 a witness came
forward and police turned to DNA evidence. Two brothers were
arrested and convicted of murder and sexual assault. A third man
pleaded guilty to murder. In 2008 the city council voted to allow
Halloween back to night hours.
1992 Oct 27, Friends of Queen
Elizabeth II staged an elaborate celebration for the 40th
anniversary of her ascension to the British throne.
1992 Oct 28, Less than a week
before Election Day, President Bush continued to emphasize that
voters could not trust Bill Clinton in the White House; for his
part, Clinton accused Bush of abusing the powers of the presidency.
1992 Oct 28, The US
Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act (PASPA) was enacted.
It banned betting on sports with exemptions to Delaware, Nevada,
Oregon and Montana.
(Econ, 9/26/09, p.42)(http://tinyurl.com/yenf89a)
1992 Oct 29, A New York City
jury acquitted 17-year-old Lemrick Nelson of murdering Yankel
Rosenbaum, an Australian Hasidic scholar who was killed in rioting
that erupted in the Crown Heights section of Brooklyn in August 1991
following the traffic death of a black child who was hit by a
Hasidic driver. In February 1997, a jury convicted Nelson and
Charles Price of violating Rosenbaum's civil rights.
1992 Oct 30, Iran-Contra
special prosecutor Lawrence E. Walsh released an excerpt of notes
taken by former Defense Secretary Caspar Weinberger in January 1986
which suggested then-Vice President Bush was fully aware of the
Reagan administration's arms-for-hostages deal with Iran. (Bush said
despite the notes, he was not aware until December 1986 that the
arrangement was an actual arms-for-hostages swap.)
1992 Oct 30, Joan Mitchell
(b.1925), American pastel artist, died. In 2011 Patricia Albers
authored “Joan Mitchell: Lady Painter, A Life."
(SFC, 3/31/97, p.E6)(SSFC, 5/29/11,
1992 Oct 31, Roman Catholic
church rehabilitated Galileo Galilei after 359 years. Galileo was
tortured and imprisoned by the Holy Office during the Inquisition,
and was forced to recant his heretical views that the earth and
planets revolve around the Sun. Pope John Paul II acknowledged that
the church had erred in condemning Galileo. [see 1984]
1992 Oct 31, It was announced
that five American nuns in Liberia had been shot to death near the
capital Monrovia; the killings were blamed on rebels loyal to
1992 Oct, The International UFO
Museum and research Center opened in Roswell, New Mexico.
(SFC, 6/23/96, p.T7)
1992 Oct, An explosion at the
Texaco facility near Los Angeles harbor sent 16 people to the
hospital and spawned 4,500 property damage claims.
(SFC, 11/12/96, p.A9)
1992 Oct, Four members of the
Avengers, a Serbian paramilitary force, abducted 16 Muslims from a
bus in Serbia and took them to Bosnia where they were tortured and
executed. In 2005 a Serbian court 4 convicted former Avengers for
the murders. 2 men in custody, Djordje Sevic and Dragutin Dragicevic
were sentenced to 15 and 20 years respectively. Two others, Milan
Lukic and Oliver Krsmanovic, were tried in absentia and received
20-year jail terms.
1992 Nov 1, The space shuttle
Columbia landed at Cape Canaveral, Fla., ending a 10-day mission
that included the deployment of an Italian satellite.
1992 Nov 2, On Election Day eve
1992, President Bush and Democratic challenger Bill Clinton stumped
at a furious pace in several states.
1992 Nov 2, Movie producer Hal
Roach died in Los Angeles at age 100.
1992 Nov 2, The 1st test flight
of Airbus A330 was flown by engineering test pilots Etienne
Tarnowski and Udo Günzel.
1992 Nov 3, Bill Clinton,
governor of Arkansas, was elected as the 42nd president of the
United States, defeating President Bush, who won 38% of the popular
vote. Clinton won Ohio by 2 percentage points.
(AP, 11/3/97)(HN, 11/3/98)(SSFC, 4/29/01,
p.D1)(Econ, 8/2/08, p.31)
1992 Nov 3, Ross Perot listened
to the American people and won 19% of the vote. His running mate was
Admiral James B. Stockdale.
(TMC, 1994, p.1992)(SFC, 4/9/96, p.B8)
1992 Nov 3, In Illinois
Democrat Carol Moseley-Braun became the first black woman elected to
the U.S. Senate. She lost her Senate seat in 1998.
(AP, 11/3/97)(HN, 11/4/98)
1992 Nov 3, Washington state
voters elected Mike Lowry (78) as the 20th state governor. He chose
not to run for re-election to a second term due to a sexual
harassment scandal in which his deputy press secretary, Susanne
Albright, accused him of making inappropriate remarks and fondling
1992 Nov 4, Carol Moseley Braun
became the first African American women to be elected to the U.S.
Senate. She lost her Illinois Senate seat in 1998.
1992 Nov 4, Iran's Islamic
Republic News Agency announced the arrest of American businessman
Milton Meier, who had lived in Iran for 17 years, on charges of
illegal business dealings and espionage.
1992 Nov 5, Bobby Fischer beat
Boris Spassky to win the Chess title in Belgrade. Fischer received
$3.5 million for his win, but violated UN sanctions and an embargo
on doing business in Yugoslavia. In 2004 he was arrested in Japan
for traveling on a revoked USD passport.
1992 Nov 5, Malice Green (35),
a black motorist, died when he was beaten by Detroit police officers
outside a suspected crack house. Larry Nevers and Walter Budzyn were
convicted of second-degree murder, but the Michigan Supreme Court
ordered a new trial for Budzyn, saying jurors were improperly
influenced. Their convictions were overturned. Budzyn was retried
and convicted in 1998 and then sentenced to time served. Nevers was
retried in 2000 and convicted of involuntary manslaughter. Nevers
was sentenced to 15 years in prison.
(AP, 11/5/97)(SFC, 3/28/00, p.A5)(SFC, 4/19/00,
p.A8)(SFC, 5/17/00, p.A8)
1992 Nov 6, President-elect
Bill Clinton asked Vernon Jordan and Warren Christopher to lead the
White House transition team.
1992 Nov 7, Richard Yates
(b.1926), US author, died in Birmingham, Ala. His books included
"Revolutionary Road" (1961), and "Disturbing the Peace" (1975). In
2003 Blake Bailey authored "Tragic Honesty: The Life and Work of
1992 Nov 7, Alexander Dubcek
(b.1921), former Czechoslovak leader (1968-1969), died in a car
crash. His 1968 failed attempt to loosen the Communist grip became
known as the Prague Spring.
1992 Nov 8, Volunteers began
reading aloud the 58,183 names on the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in
Washington, D.C., as part of a tribute marking the 10th anniversary
of the monument.
1992 Nov 8, Some 350,000 people
rallied in Berlin against racist violence.
1992 Nov 9, Visiting London,
Russian President Boris Yeltsin appealed for help in rescheduling
his country's debt, and urged British businesses to invest.
1992 Nov 9, Charles
Fraser-Smith, English inventor, died. He was the gadget-designing
genius on whom the character "Q" in the James Bond novels and movies
1992 Nov 10, Major League
Baseball rejected the $115 million deal for Tampa Bay to acquire the
SF Giants and Safeway pres. Peter Magowan led a local group to
acquire the team for $100 million.
(SFEC,12/797, Z1 p.9)(SSFC, 10/20/02, p.A14)
1992 Nov 10, President Bush
dismissed State Department official Elizabeth Tamposi for her role
in a pre-election search for passport records of his rivals,
Democrat Bill Clinton and Ross Perot.
1992 Nov 11, By letter, Russian
President Boris Yeltsin told U.S. senators that Americans had been
held in prison camps after World War II and some were "summarily
executed," but that others were still living in his country
1992 Nov 11, The Anglican
Church and the Church of England voted to ordain women as priests.
1992 Nov 12, In his first
formal post-election news conference, President-elect Clinton
presented a detailed blueprint for action once he took office, and
promised his administration would have the strictest ethical
guidelines in history.
1992 Nov 13, Riddick Bowe won
the undisputed heavyweight boxing title in Las Vegas with a
unanimous decision over Evander Holyfield.
1992 Nov 14, As preparations
for the presidential transition continued, President-elect Clinton
told reporters in Little Rock, Ark., that a compromise on a
line-item veto proposed by House Speaker Thomas Foley could prove
1992 Nov 15, President-elect
Clinton and his wife, Hillary, hosted a dinner in Little Rock, Ark.,
for Democratic congressional leaders in the first such meeting since
the presidential election.
1992 Nov 16, President-elect
Clinton and Democratic congressional leaders held a news conference
in Little Rock, Ark., in which they pledged a "new era" of action.
1992 Nov 16, United Nations
Security Council voted to authorize a naval blockade on the Danube
River and the Adriatic coast to tighten economic sanctions on
1992 Nov 17, Senators John
Kerry of Massachusetts, Tom Daschle of South Dakota and Hank Brown
of Colorado made an unprecedented tour of Vietnam's military
headquarters but found nothing to substantiate reports of American
prisoners sighted there after the Vietnam War.
1992 Nov 17, Dateline NBC aired
a demonstration that showed a General Motors trucks blowing up on
impact. It was later revealed that NBC rigged the test.
1992 Nov 18, "Malcolm X" with
Denzel Washington premiered in US.
1992 Nov 18, President-elect
Clinton began a two-day whirlwind visit to the nation's capital by
meeting with President Bush.
1992 Nov 18, Dorothy Kirsten
(82), US soprano, died in Los Angeles from stroke. Her 1982
autobiography was titled “A Time to Sing."
1992 Nov 19, President-elect
Clinton paid a call on Congress.
1992 Nov 19, President Bush's
mother, Dorothy, died in Greenwich, Conn., at age 91.
1992 Nov 20, The United States
and the European Community announced they had resolved a dispute
over EC farm subsidies, but French officials expressed
1992 Nov 20, The Windsor
Castle, 22 miles west of London on the Thames River, favorite
weekend home of Britain's Queen Elizabeth II, caught on fire when
curtains ignited due to a high intensity spotlight. It was the 45th
wedding anniversary of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip. Nine
main rooms were destroyed and another 100 damaged. The restoration
cost $63 million and took 5 years.
(SFC, 5/25/96, p.A12)(SFC,11/18/97, p.B1)(AP,
1992 Nov 21, Sen. Bob Packwood,
R-Ore., issued an apology but refused to discuss allegations that
he'd made unwelcome sexual advances toward 10 women over the years.
1992 Nov 22, President-elect
Bill Clinton met in Little Rock, Ark., with sometime-critic Jesse
Jackson, who praised the future chief executive as a leader who
could "make the nation whole."
1992 Nov 22, A Washington Post
story 1st revealed claims by several women that Sen. Bob Packwood,
liberal Oregon Republican, had accosted them with unwanted touching
1992 Nov 22, Sterling Holloway
(b.1905), US actor (Golddiggers of 1933, Batman), died.
1992 Nov 23, Roy Acuff
(b.1903), country music star, died in Nashville, Tenn., at age 89.
1992 Nov 23, In Germany, three
Turks were killed when rightist militants firebombed their homes in
Moelln; in Berlin, hundreds of demonstrators protested in solidarity
1992 Nov 23, Iran added a
Russian-built submarine to its navy, becoming the first Gulf nation
to field a submarine.
1992 Nov 24, Former Defense
Secretary Caspar Weinberger pleaded innocent to making a false
statement in the Iran-Contra affair. However, Weinberger was
pardoned by President Bush before the case could come to trial.
1992 Nov 24, The US military
closed the Subic Bay Naval Station and left the Philippines.
(HFA, '96, p.18)(SFEC, 11/17/96, p.A12)
1992 Nov 24, Bob Lurie, owner
of the San Francisco Giants, agreed to sell the baseball team to a
group of city business leaders for $100 million. Safeway Chairman
Peter Magowan will be the managing general partner of the investment
group. Lurie will retain a $10 million share for the next four
(SSFC, 11/19/17, DB p.50)
1992 Nov 24, In China, a
domestic jetliner crashed, killing 141 people.
1992 Nov 25, The Commerce
Department reported that the gross domestic product, the sum of all
goods and services produced within U.S. borders, had advanced at a
brisk 3.9 percent seasonally adjusted annual rate during the third
quarter of 1992.
1992 Nov 26, An aid agency
predicted disaster if the United States sends a large military force
1992 Nov 26, The British
government announced that Queen Elizabeth II had volunteered to
start paying taxes on her personal income, and would take her
children off the public payroll.
1992 Nov 27, President-elect
Clinton met for more than an hour with former President Reagan in
1992 Nov 27, In Austria part of
the Vienna Hofburg (Imperial Palace) was destroyed by fire.
1992 Nov 27, In Venezuela some
15,000 rebel forces under Lt. Col. Hugo Chavez tried but failed to
overthrow President Carlos Andres Perez for the second time in 10
months. The coup left dozens dead and Chavez was jailed for 2 years
and then pardoned by Pres. Rafael Caldera. Chavez was elected
president Dec 6, 1998.
(AP, 11/27/97)(WSJ, 4/27/98, p.A16)(SFC, 12/7/98,
1992 Nov 28, "I Will Always
Love You" by Whitney Houston peaked at #1 on the pop singles chart
and stayed there for 14 weeks. Her song is from the soundtrack of
"The Bodyguard", and singer/songwriter Dolly Parton smiles all the
way to the bank.
1992 Nov 28, "Layla" by Eric
Clapton reentered the chart and peaked at #12 on the pop singles
1992 Nov 28, "Keep The Faith"
by Bon Jovi peaked at #29 on the pop singles chart.
1992 Nov 28, "Wicked" by Ice
Cube peaked at #55 on the pop singles chart.
1992 Nov 28, In
Bosnia-Herzegovina, a breakthrough in the relief effort came with
the delivery of 137 tons of food and supplies to the isolated town
1992 Nov 28, In King William's
Town, South Africa, four people were killed, about 20 injured, when
black militant gunmen attacked a country club.
1992 Nov 29, A refugee center
in western Germany was firebombed as violence against foreigners
continued, despite a police crackdown on neo-Nazis.
1992 Nov 29,
Jean-Alexandre-Eugene Dieudonne b.1906), French mathematician, died.
He is known for research in abstract algebra and functional
analysis, and for close involvement with the Nicolas Bourbaki
pseudonymous group and as a historian of mathematics, particularly
in the fields of functional analysis and algebraic topology.
1992 Nov 29, Emilio Pucci
(b.1914), Italian fashion designer (Jackie Kennedy), died in
Florence, Italy. In 2000 his firm was acquired by LVMH Moet Hennessy
(http://tinyurl.com/7ec3n)(WSJ, 8/22/03, p.B1)
1992 Nov 30, The U.S. Supreme
Court sustained women's basic right to abortion, voting 6-3 against
reviving a 1990 Guam law that would have prohibited nearly all such
1992 Nov, In the SF Bay Area UC
Berkeley issued a campus ban on public nudity. This followed the
controversy over student Andrew Martinez attending classes naked.
Martinez (19) was permanently expelled in January, 1993.
(SSFC, 1/21/18, DB p.50)
1992 Nov, Xanana Gusmao, East
Timor rebel leader, was arrested at a "safe house" outside Dili for
fighting Indonesian forces. He was sentenced to life in prison in
1993 following a trial in which he was represented by a member of
the Indonesian security service. The sentence was later commuted to
20 years and he was moved to house arrest in 1999.
(SFC, 2/10/99, p.C2)(SFC, 9/8/99, p.A14)
1992 Dec 1, The new owners of
the SF Giants fired manager Roger Craig. SF Mayor Frank Jordan has
assured the new owners that the team could play at Candlestick Park
for the next five years for just $1 in rent compared with the
$750,000 a year currently being paid. The concessions still needed
approval by the city’s supervisors.
(SSFC, 11/26/17, DB p.54)
1992 Dec 1, In Mineola, N.Y.,
Amy Fisher was sentenced to five to 15 years in prison for shooting
and seriously wounding Mary Jo Buttafuoco. Fisher was released in
1999 after serving 7 years.
(AP, 12/1/97)(SFC, 5/11/99, p.A9)
1992 Dec 1, President Boris
Yeltsin survived an impeachment attempt by hard-liners at the
opening of the Russian Congress.
1992 Dec 2, The space shuttle
Discovery blasted off with five astronauts and a spy satellite
1992 Dec 2, Germany's lower
house of parliament voted overwhelmingly in favor of the Maastricht
Treaty on European unity.
1992 Dec 2, Uzbekistan adopted
its first constitution as an independent state.
1992 Dec 3, The U.N. Security
Council unanimously approved a U.S.-led military mission to help
1992 Dec 3, The Greek tanker
Aegean Sea spilled 21.5 million gallons of crude oil when it ran
aground at La Coruna, Spain.
1992 Dec 4, President Bush
ordered American troops to lead a mercy mission to Somalia,
threatening military action against warlords and gangs who were
blocking food for starving millions.
1992 Dec 5, Ralph Klein, a
Progressive Conservative, was elected premier of Alberta. He began
to lead Canada in deregulation and privatization. Klein retired at
the end of 2006.
(Econ, 7/17/04, p.37)(Econ, 12/2/06, p.44)
1992 Dec 5, Russian President
Boris Yeltsin narrowly kept the power to appoint Cabinet ministers,
defeating a constitutional amendment that would have put his team of
reformers under the control of Russia's Congress.
1992 Dec 6, Bowing to
anti-foreigner sentiment, Germany's main political parties agreed to
tighten postwar asylum laws.
1992 Dec 6, In Uttar Pradesh,
India, thousands of Hindu kar sevaks, soldiers of the Ram Temple
movement, destroyed the Babri Mosque and 4 people were killed. This
set off two months of Hindu-Muslim rioting that claimed at least
2,000 lives. Attackers set off 13 bomb blasts in Bombay that
destroyed skyscrapers and killed 600 people. The Bharatiya Janata
Party (BJP) inspired Hindus to raze a 16th century mosque in the
northern town of Ayodhya. The demolition caused Hindu-Muslim riots
across India and 3,000 people were killed. Hindus believe that the
site was the birthplace of the god Ram and that Mogul invaders tore
down a temple at the site to build the Babri Mosque. In 1998 the
Congress Party apologized for the mosque destruction. In 2009 an
inquired into the destruction of the Babri Mosque concluded that
senior members of the opposition Bharatatiya Janata Party (BJP) were
complicit in the vandalism.
(WSJ, 5/6/96, p.A-9)(WSJ, 5/7/96, p.A-14)(AP,
12/6/97)(SFEC, 1/25/98, p.A20)(SFC, 3/15/02, p.A16)(Econ, 11/28/09,
1992 Dec 6, A narrow majority
of Swiss referendum voters rejected the idea of joining the European
Economic Area, a free trade club embracing the EU and Liechtenstein.
1992 Dec 7, The Supreme Court
rejected a challenge to a Mississippi abortion law that required
women to get counseling and then wait 24 hours before terminating
1992 Dec 8, Americans got to
see live television coverage of U.S. troops landing on the beaches
of Somalia as Operation Restore Hope began (because of the time
difference, it was early December ninth in Somalia).
1992 Dec 8, NBC announced that
"Cheers" would go off the air in May, 1993.
1992 Dec 8, In San Francisco
Barry Bonds singed a record six-year, $43.75 million contract with
the SF Giants baseball club.
(SSFC, 12/3/17, DB p.46)
1992 Dec 8, Francia Young (25),
a SF market analyst, was kidnapped at the MacArthur BART station,
and raped and killed by Keith Tyson Thomas and Henry "Rooter"
Glover. In 1996 Glover was sentenced to life in prison. In 1998
Young was sentenced to death.
(SFC, 1/17/98, p.A19)
1992 Dec 8, William Shawn (85),
US editor-in-chief (New Yorker, 1952-87), died.
1992 Dec 9, Former CIA spy
chief Clair George was convicted of lying to Congress about the
Iran-Contra affair. President Bush pardoned him.
1992 Dec 9, U.S. Marines landed
in Somalia to ensure that food and medicine reach the deprived areas
of that country. The US Operations Restore Hope, Continue Hope and
others began in Somalia and ended Mar 3, 1995. They cost $1.7
billion and left 43 US casualties with 153 wounded.
(WSJ, 9/22/99, p.A8)(HN, 12/999)
1992 Dec 9, Britain's Prince
Charles and Princess Diana announced their separation. Their divorce
became final Aug. 28, 1996.
1992 Dec 10, President-elect
Clinton announced his first Cabinet selections, including Lloyd
Bentsen to be treasury secretary and Leon Panetta to be budget
1992 Dec 10, Sen. Bob Packwood,
R-Ore., apologized for what he called "unwelcome and offensive"
actions toward women, but refused to resign.
1992 Dec 11, President-elect
Clinton tapped Robert Reich to be labor secretary and Donna Shalala
to be secretary of Health and Human Services.
1992 Dec 11, A severe storm
pounded the upper Atlantic coast with snow, rain and high winds.
1992 Dec 11, Portugal ratified
the Treaty on the European Union.
1992 Dec 12, President-elect
Clinton tapped Thomas F. "Mack" McLarty to be his chief of staff and
Democratic national chairman Ron Brown to be commerce secretary.
1992 Dec 12, At least 2,200
people were killed in an earthquake that struck the Flores Island
region of Indonesia.
1992 Dec 13, An Israeli border
guard was kidnapped near Tel Aviv and later killed by the Hamas
fundamentalist organization. The slaying prompted Israel to expel
hundreds of Palestinians, sending them into Lebanese territory.
Abdel Aziz Rantisi was among the 400 deported members of Hamas.
(AP, 12/13/97)(SSFC, 4/18/04, p.A18)
1992 Dec 14, President-elect
Clinton opened a two-day conference in Little Rock, Ark., on the
nation's economic problems.
1992 Dec 14, Easing a 17-year
trade embargo, the United States allowed its companies to sign
contracts in Vietnam.
1992 Dec 14, Pres. Yeltsin
dismissed PM Yegor Gaidar after 7 months. Viktor Chernomyrdin
(1938-2010) replaced Gaidar as prime minister.
(SFC, 5/13/99, p.A19)(Econ, 11/6/10,
1992 Dec 14, Russian President
Boris Yeltsin lost a battle with hard-liners as he was forced to
abandon his reformist PM Yegor Gaidar, in favor of Communist-era
technocrat Viktor Chernomyrdin (1938-2010).
12/14/97)(Econ, 11/6/10, p.109)
1992 Dec 15, President-elect
Clinton concluded a two-day conference on the economy, saying the
nation must tame "the monster of spiraling health care costs" in
order to slash the huge budget deficit. The 1992 US budget deficit
reached $290.4 billion, the highest of the century.
(AP, 12/15/97)(SFC, 12/13/99, p.D10)
1992 Dec 15, IBM announced it
would eliminate 25,000 more employees in the coming year.
1992 Dec 15, The Netherlands
ratified the Treaty on the European Union.
1992 Dec 16, US Secretary of
State Lawrence S. Eagleburger said Serbian President Slobodan
Milosevic and Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic had to answer for
atrocities committed in former Yugoslavia. In 2000 a US federal jury
ordered Radovan Karadzic to pay $745 million to a group of women,
who accused him of atrocities.
(AP, 12/16/97)(SFC, 8/11/00, p.A14)
1992 Dec 16, Yugoslavia was
kicked out of the IMF.
(WSJ, 4/28/99, p.A18)
1992 Dec 17, President-elect
Clinton tapped former San Antonio Mayor Henry Cisneros to be
Secretary of Housing.
1992 Dec 17, President Bush,
Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney and Mexican President Carlos
Salinas de Gortari signed the North American Free Trade Agreement in
1992 Dec 17, Israel ordered the
deportation of 418 suspected Muslim fundamentalists from the
1992 Dec 18, Germany ratified
the Treaty on the European Union.
1992 Dec 18, The U.N. Security
Council unanimously denounced Israel's deportation of more than 400
Palestinians and demanded their immediate return.
1992 Dec 18, Kim Young-Sam was
elected South Korea's first civilian president in three decades.
1992 Dec 19, More than 400
suspected Muslim fundamentalists deported by Israel were confined to
a makeshift refugee camp in a "no man's land" in Lebanon because of
the Lebanese government's refusal to accept them.
1992 Dec 20, U.S. Marines and
Belgian paratroopers in Somalia took control of Kismayu's port and
airport; the first truck convoy in more than a month reached the
starving inland town of Baidoa.
1992 Dec 20, Steve Ross
(b.1927), head of Time Warner, died of prostate cancer. Ross, born
in Brooklyn as Steven Jay Rechnitz, was also founder of the NY
Cosmos soccer team. In 1994 Connie Bruck authored “Master of the
Game: Steve Ross and the Creation of Time Warner."
1992 Dec 20, Serbia held
elections. Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic won re-election. He
defeated the American entrepreneur Milan Panic in elections that
were "decidedly unfair."
1992 Dec 21, President-elect
Clinton tapped Richard Riley to be education secretary and Hazel
O'Leary to be energy secretary; Clinton expressed anger at "bean
counters" for saying he was not appointing enough women to his
1992 Dec 21, A Dutch DC-10
burst into fire at landing on Faro, Portugal, and 56 died.
1992 Dec 22, President-elect
Clinton chose Warren Christopher to be his secretary of state and
tapped Les Aspin to be defense secretary.
1992 Dec 22, Mr. Blair, a
friend of the Clinton’s, persuaded Mr. McDougall to purchase the
Whitewater shares for $1,000 and sign an indemnity agreement
releasing the Clintons from any and all liability. This cleared the
Clinton’s of a $58,000 liability. The saving was not reported on the
Clinton’s 1992 tax return.
(SFC, 6/4/96, p.A12)
1992 Dec 22, A Libyan Boeing
727 jetliner crashed, killing 157 people.
1992 Dec 23, An American
mission to save lives in Somalia lost the first of its own when a
U.S. vehicle hit a land mine near Bardera, killing civilian Army
employee Lawrence N. Freedman of Fayetteville, N.C. In all over 100
peacekeepers died in Somalia including 42 Americans.
1992 Dec 24, Pres. Bush had the
US Embassy in Belgrade read to Pres. Milosevic the "Christmas
Warning" cable: "In the event of conflict in Kosovo caused by
Serbian action, the US will be prepared to employ military force
against Serbians in Kosovo and in Serbia proper.
(SFC, 1/19/02, p.A19)
1992 Dec 24, President George
H.W. Bush pardoned former Defense Secretary Caspar Weinberger and
five others in the Iran-Contra scandal. This sparked a lengthy
investigation by a special prosecutor.
(AP, 12/24/97)(SSFC, 12/2/18, p.A13)
1992 Dec 24, President-elect
Clinton appointed Bruce Babbitt interior secretary, Mike Espy
agriculture secretary and Federico Pena transportation secretary;
Clinton also chose Zoe Baird to be attorney general, but the
nomination fell apart over Baird's hiring of illegal aliens as
1992 Dec 24, In Ohio Marvallous
Keene and three accomplices began a three-day binge of murder and
robbery in Dayton that left 6 people dead. On July 21, 2009, Keene
(36) was executed at a Lucasville prison, the 1000th person to die
by lethal injection in the US since the death penalty was reinstated
1992 Dec 25, U.S. Marines
delivered wheat to a refugee camp in Bardera, Somalia, setting off a
small riot among the Somalis; American and French troops also took
control of Hoddur.
1992 Dec 26, Time magazine
announced it had chosen President-elect Bill Clinton its 1992 "Man
of the Year."
1992 Dec 26, Milan Panic
conceded defeat to Slobodan Milosevic almost a week after
Yugoslavia's presidential election.
1992 Dec 27, The United States
shot down an Iraqi fighter jet during what the Pentagon described as
a confrontation between a pair of Iraqi warplanes and U.S. F-16 jets
in U.N.-restricted airspace over southern Iraq.
1992 Dec 28, Katie Beers (9)
disappeared in Bay Shore, New York, two days before her tenth
birthday. On January 13, 1993, she was found alive in a
6-foot-by-7-foot concrete bunker under the garage of John Esposito.
Beers later said Esposito had raped her during her captivity. On
July 27, 1994, Esposito was sentenced to 15 years to life. He was
found dead in his cell of apparently natural causes on September 4,
2013, just after a parole hearing.
1992 Dec 28, Somalia's two main
warlords, Mohamed Farrah Aidid and Ali Mahdi Mohamed, promised an
end to their hostilities.
1992 Dec 29, The United States
and Russia announced agreement on a nuclear arms reduction treaty.
1992 Dec 29, New York Gov.
Mario Cuomo commuted the prison sentence of Jean Harris, the
convicted killer of "Scarsdale Diet" author Herman Tarnower.
1992 Dec 29, David and Sharon
Schoo of St. Charles, Ill., were arrested at O'Hare International
Airport in Chicago upon their return from vacation for leaving their
young daughters at home, alone.
1992 Dec 29, Brazilian
President Fernando Collor de Mello resigned. Vice-President Itamar
Franco succeeded Collor as president. Franco proceeded to heal the
economy damaged by Collor’s erratic policies.
(AP, 12/29/97)(Econ, 5/14/16, p.25)
1992 Dec 29, Daniel arap Moi
(b.1924) was re-elected with 36% of the vote in the first multiparty
elections in Kenya in 26 years.
(SFC, 10/17/96, A8)(http://tinyurl.com/33kpow)
1992 Dec 30, President Bush
embarked on the final foreign trip of his term in office, heading to
a Black Sea summit with Russian President Boris Yeltsin, with a
stopover in Somalia to visit U.S. troops helping famine victims.
1992 Dec 31, President Bush
visited Somalia, where he saw firsthand the famine racking the east
African nation. He praised U.S. troops that provided relief to the
1992 Dec 31, U.N.
Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali was jeered by Bosnians
during a visit to Sarajevo.
1992 Dec 31, The Nation of
Czechoslovakia officially ended with division into two Nations:
Slovakia and the Czech Republic in 1992. When the country split, all
citizens were deemed to be either Czech or Slovak, based on their
parentage. The vast majority of the Romany living in the Czech
Republic are of Slovak descent, and they had to apply for Czech
citizenship. In 2009 Mary Haimann authored “Czechoslovakia: The
State That Failed."
(HFA, '96, p.44)(SFC, 5/13/96, p.A-8)(Econ,
1992 Dec, The US Defense
Special Weapons Agency contracted a secret study of Soviet nuclear
weapons testing under a project led by Alexander Tchernyshev,
Russian physicist. The study produced a 2,000 page history of 715
nuclear tests over 41 years for a fee of $288,501.
(SFEC, 10/27/96, p.A17)
1992 Dec, The Arkansas
Legislature enacted a tax on soft drinks. t went to a vote with the
citizens of Arkansas in 1994. The yes vote won with 55% of the
turnout. The tax was modeled after one held by North Carolina
1992 Dec, In Louisiana the
Orleans Parish School Board adopted a policy that prohibits school
names honoring former slave owners or others who did not respect
equal opportunity for all.
1992 Dec, Brownie Wise
(b.1913), former lead sales woman for Tupperware, died in Florida.
In 2008 Bob Kealing authored “Tupperware: Brownie Wise, Earl Tupper,
and the Home Party Pioneers."
1992 Dec, In China the top
portion of a Long March missile peeled away 45 seconds into its
flight and destroyed a telecom. satellite for Australia.
(SFC, 6/15/98, p.A5)
1992 Dec, In El Salvador a
peace treaty was signed between leftist rebels and the government.
The Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front became legal and
described itself as social democratic. The Peace Accords introduced
reforms to give land to ex-combatants of the FMLN and the military.
(SFC, 3/17/97, p.A9)(SFEM,11/16/97, p.22)
1992 Dec, In Slovenia the first
democratic elections elected Milan Kucan as president and Janez
Drnovsek became prime minister.
(SFC, 4/14/97, p.A10)
1992 Dec, Italy sent 2,500
combat troops to Somalia as part of the US-sponsored multinational
(SFC, 1/26/98, p.A8)
1992 Dec, In South Africa Sol
Kerzner, multimillionaire, unveiled his $280 million Palace of the
Lost City in Sun City in the state of Bophuthatswana.
(Hem, 6/96, p.134)
1992 Artist Janet Stern painted
her "Bicycle series I."
(NH, 4/97, p.7)
1992 In NYC the first annual
Outsider Art Fair was held at the Puck Building.
1992 Tony Kushner wrote his
play "Angels in America."
(SFEC, 5/30/99, DB p.37)
1992 Anna Deavere Smith wrote
her play "Fires in the Mirror: Crown Heights Brooklyn and Other
(SFEC, 5/30/99, DB p.37)
1992 Stephen Ambrose authored
"Band of Brothers." It was based on interviews with WW II soldiers
and told the story of Easy Company, 506th Parachute Infantry
Regiment, 101st Airborne Division, from training to D-Day, Operation
Market Garden, the Battle of the Bulge and the capture of Hitler’s
(SFC, 12/25/01, p.A28)
1992 Peter L Bernstein authored
“Capital Ideas," a summary of academic thinking on portfolio
management. In 2007 he followed up with his new volume: “Capital
(Econ, 6/16/07, p.96)
1992 Jason Berry authored "Lead
Us Not Into Temptation," a work on clerical sex abuse.
(SFC, 3/18/02, p.F10)
1992 David Bottstein and Nina
Fedoroff co-authored of "The Dynamic Genome."
(SFC, 8/18/96, Z1
1992 David G. Campbell wrote
"The Crystal Desert: Summers in Antarctica." It won the 1994 John
Burroughs Medal Award for nature writing.
(NH, 6/96, p.4)
1992 Humphrey Carpenter wrote:
"Benjamin Britten: a Biography." A film biography was made of the
composer’s life in 1980.
(SFEC, 9/7/97, DB p.41)
1992 William Chapin (d.2003 at
85), professor and WW II pilot, authored his novel "Milk Run." It
was based on his WW II imprisonment after getting shot down over
Yugoslavia in 1944.
(SFC, 12/30/03, p.A19)
1992 Michael D. Coe wrote
"Breaking the Maya Code."
(NH, 4/97, p.20)
1992 Maj. Rhonda Cornum, Gulf
War POW, authored her autobiography: "She Went to War."
(SFC, 1/16/01, p.C2)
1992 Dr. Charles Andrew
Crenshaw (d.2001) authored "JFK: Conspiracy of Silence." Dr.
Crenshaw was a 3rd year intern at Dallas’ Parkland Memorial on Nov
22, 1963, when Pres. Kennedy was brought to the emergency room.
Crenshaw insisted that Kennedy had 4 gunshot wounds.
(SFC, 11/21/01, p.A25)
1992 Barry Eichengreen, int’l.
monetary historian, authored “Golden Fetters: The Gold Standard and
the Great Depression, 1919-1939."
(Econ, 1/22/11, p.98)
1992 Dr. Helen Fisher wrote
"Anatomy of Love."
(SFEM, 2/9/97, p.27)
1992 Chuck Forrest and Mark
Lowenthal authored “Secrets of the Jeopardy! Champions."
(WSJ, 9/16/06, p.P10)
1992 Francis Fukuyama authored
“The End of History and the Last Man."
(Econ, 9/27/14, p.85)
1992 David Gelernter, computer
professor at Yale, authored “Mirror Worlds: or the Day Software Puts
the Universe in a Shoebox...How It Will Happen and What It Will
Mean." Today's small scale software programs are about to be joined
by vast public software works that will revolutionize computing and
transform society as a whole.
(Econ, 11/6/10, SR
1992 Wavy Gravy (Hugh Romney)
published his autobiography "Something Good for a Change."
(WSJ, 7/27/99, p.A21)
1992 Kathy Keeton Guccione
(d.1997 at 58), associate founder of Penthouse Magazine, wrote
"Longevity: The Science of Staying Young."
(SFC, 9/25/97, p.B2)
1992 Yuko Iwanami, the
granddaughter of Hideki Tojo, published "My Grandfather Hideki
(WSJ, 4/30/98, p.A15)
1992 Stephen King published
"Dolores Claiborne," the best selling fiction hardback of the year
(1.3 mil. copies).
(WSJ, 5/24/99, p.R8)
1992 William Kittredge of
Oregon authored "Hole in the Sky." It was a memoir on the
destruction of habitat.
(SFEC, 4/2/00, BR p.12)
1992 David Landau (1947-2015),
Israeli journalist, authored “Piety and Power: The World of Jewish
(Econ, 1/31/15, p.42)
1992 Rush Limbaugh published
"The Way Things Ought To Be," the best selling nonfiction book of
the year (2.1 mil copies).
(WSJ, 5/24/99, p.R8)
1992 Reeve Lindbergh, the
youngest daughter of Charles and Anne Lindbergh, authored
quasi-autobiographical novel "The Names of the Mountains."
(WSJ, 11/29/99, p.A26)
1992 Naguib Mahfouz, Nobel
Prize (1988) winning Egyptian author, published his novel "Sugar
Street." It was the most political and last book of his “Cairo
(WSJ, 9/1/07, p.P9)
1992 Cormac McCarthy won a
National Book Award for his novel “All the Pretty Horses." It was
about an ill-starred trek across the Mexican border by 3 Texas boys
(Econ, 7/30/05, p.75)
1992 James Michener wrote
"James A. Michener’s Writer’s Handbook," his novel "Mexico" and "My
1992 Henry Petroski published
"The Evolution of Useful Things."
(WSJ, 7/26/99, p.A22)
1992 Riki Robbins (d.2000 at
58), a relationships expert, authored "the Empowered Woman."
(SFC, 8/11/00, p.D5)
1992 Juliet Schor authored the
best seller “The Overworked American."
(Econ, 2/4/06, p.28)
1992 Adam Ward Seligman (d.
1999 at 37) published his novel "Echolalia." He had suffered from
(SFC, 2/11/99, p.A25)
1992 Amartya Sen, philosopher
and economist from India, published his book: "Inequality
Reexamined." Sen won the 1998 Nobel Prize in economics.
(WSJ, 10/15/98, p.A22)
1992 Richard C. Sinopoli
(d.1997) published "The Foundations of American Citizenship." It was
hailed as the best book on political theory in this year.
(SFC, 5/9/97, p.E5)
1992 Edmundo Paz Soldan
authored his novel “Turing’s Delirium." It won the Bolivian National
Book Award and in 2006 appeared in English translated by Lisa
(SSFC, 7/9/06, p.M3)
1992 Peter Stackpole (d.1997 at
83) published "Peter Stackpole: Life in Hollywood, 1936-1952." It
included 250 photographs of Hollywood figures that he took as Life
Magazine’s man in Hollywood.
(SFC, 5/14/97, p.A22)
1992 Telford Taylor (d. 1998 at
90) published "Anatomy of the Nuremberg Trials." He helped write the
rules for the prosecution of the war criminals and became the
trial’s chief prosecutor.
(SFC, 5/26/98, p.B2)
1992 Terry Todd authored “A
History of the Use of Anabolic Steroids in Sports."
(WSJ, 8/7/06, p.B1)
1992 Robert James Waller
(1939-2017) authored the romance novel “The Bridges of Madison
County." The book turned Madison County, Iowa, into a tourist
attraction. It was produced as a movie in 1995 with Meryl Streep and
Clint Eastwood and grossed $182 million worldwide.
(SSFC, 3/12/17, p.A11)
1992 Walter Wriston, former CEO
of Citibank, wrote "The Twilight of Sovereignty: How the Information
Revolution Is Transforming the World."
(Wired, 10/96, p.142)
1992 Harry Wu, Chinese human
rights activist and writer, published his "Laogai, The Chinese
(SFC, 5/19/96, Zone 1, p.3)
1992 The "English Patient" by
Michael Ondaatje, born in Sri Lanka, became the first Canadian novel
to win the Booker Prize.
(SFEC, 11/17/96, p.C15)
1992 Jane Smiley published her
novel A Thousand Acres. It won a Pulitzer Prize and in 1997 was made
in a film.
(SFEC, 3/9/96, Par p.2)
1992 Neal Stephenson published
"Snow Crash." It focused on new technology and depicted a virtual
bar for Avatars and an all-knowing Librarian that answers all spoken
questions with educated, plain-English answers.
(WSJ, 11/16/98, p.R12)
1992 The Stephen Sondheim
theater piece "Putting it Together" was staged at the Manhattan
Theater Club. It was based on 40 songs and fragments from earlier
(WSJ, 11/28/97, p.A8)
1992 Barry Unsworth, writer,
won the British Booker prize for his novel: "Sacred Hunger," a
narrative based on the slave trade. Other of his novels include
"Stone Virgin" (1985), "The Rage of the Vulture" (1982), and a new
novel "Morality Play" in (1995).
(WSJ, 12/5/95, p.A-16)
1992 Andre Weil (1906-1998),
brother of philosopher Simone Weil, authored "The Apprenticeship of
(WSJ, 4/9/03, p.D10)
1992 Daniel Yergin authored
"The Prize: The Epic Quest for Oil, Money and Power."
(SSFC, 4/13/03, p.E6)
1992 The CBS TV show "Middle
Ages" was about a middle-aged traveling salesman. It lasted less
than a month.
(SFC, 12/3/98, p.E5)
1992 The NBC TV news program
(SFC, 6/2/97, p.D1)
1992 The TV show Cosby, a
blockbuster sitcom through the 80s, ended in April.
(SFEC, 4/19/98, DB p.38)
1992 Time-Warner distributed
the song "Cop Killer" by rapper Ice-T.
(WSJ, 6/21/96, p.B1)
1992 The rock group Metallica
released "The Black Album." It sold over 20 million copies.
(SFEC,11/16/97, DB p.42)
1992 The Five Keys singing
group was inducted into the Doo-Wop Hall of Fame. Rudy West, one of
the original founders died in 1998 at age 65. Their 1950s hits
included "The Glory of Love" and "Ling, Ting’ Tong."
(SFC, 5/16/98, p.A21)
1992 Country singer George
Jones was elected to the Country Music Hall of Fame. His fans voted
his song "He Stopped Loving Her Today" as the most popular country
song of all time.
(SFEC, 3/7/99, p.A7)
1992 The Birmingham Civil
Rights Institute was begun.
(SFEC, 3/1/98, Z1 p.4)
1992 The "heresy" of Galileo
was pardoned by the Catholic Church.
(SFEC, 12/8/96, BR p.8)
1992 Debbie Stoller, Marcelle
Karp and Laurie Henzel created their Bust magazine in NYC. In 1999
they published "The Bust Guide to the New Girl Order."
(SFEC, 10/3/99, BR p.5)
1992 The south Texas town of
Hidalgo erected a 20-foot statue of a bee and dubbed itself the
Killer Bee Capital of the World. Tourists came to see it.
(Econ, 12/23/06, p.41)
1992 Microsoft co-founder Paul
Allen founded Interval Research. It was intended to reproduce the
innovative dynamism of Xerox PARC. Interval Research closed down in
2000 after seven of its start-ups failed.
(Econ, 9/7/13, TQ p.25)
1992 The Kentucky Derby was won
by Lil E. Tee.
(WSJ, 5/5/97, p.A16)
1992 Jan Mitchell established
the Eric Mitchell Prize, after his late son, for "an outstanding
first book." It funded a $5,000 annual prize for an outstanding
(WSJ, 2/24/98, p.A20)
1992 Author Wallace Stegner and
composer Stephen Sondheim rejected the US government National Medal
for the Arts award due to government censorship and cutbacks in the
(SFC, 7/10/97, p.A10)
1992 Prof. Kenneth Norris won
the John Burroughs Medal for his book "Dolphin Days: The Life and
Times of the Spinner Dolphin."
(SFC, 8/31/98, p.A22)
1992 The Nobel Prize in
economics was awarded to Gary S. Becker (1930-2014) of Stanford’s
Hoover Inst. for "having extended the domain of microeconomic
analysis to a wide range of human behavior and interaction,
including non-market behavior." A collection of his essays from
Business Week was published in 1996 as: "The Economics of Life."
Also published was his new book "Accounting for Tastes."
11/19/96, p.A20)(SFC, 10/8/01, p.A17)(Econ, 5/10/14, p.75)
1992 The Nobel Prize in
medicine was awarded to Edwin G. Krebs of the US and Edmund H.
Fischer (US & Switz.) for discoveries concerning the process of
reversible protein phosphorylation that helped explain how
imbalances in cells caused diseases.
(SFEC, 10/8/96, A9)
1992 David Ifshin, a friend of
Bill Clinton, advised the Clintons to respond to Jeff Gerth’s New
York Times queries about Whitewater by letting it all hang out.
(WSJ, 6/19/96, p.A18)
1992 The US Congress banned
Indonesia from receiving Pentagon training under the IMET Program
(Int’l. Military Education and Training).
(SFC, 3/17/98, p.B10)
1992 The US Pentagon began
training Indonesian military forces, including the Kopassus commando
unit under the 1991 JCET program (Joint Combined Exchange and
(SFC, 3/17/98, p.B2,10)
1992 Alabama Governor Guy Hunt
was indicted for looting his tax-exempt inaugural fund to pay off
(SFC, 6/12/97, p.A2)
1992 A US Senate report linked
the Sun Yee On triad to criminal organizations in Canada, the
Dominican Republic, and 7 US cities including SF. The report stated
that the syndicate was in outright control of the entertainment
industry in Hong Kong.
(SFC, 2/18/98, p.A7)
1992 The Iran-Iraq Arms
Non-proliferation Act, aka the Gore-McCain Act, was sponsored by
Sen. Al Gore and Sen. John McCain.
(SFC, 10/13/00, p.A14)
1992 Pres. Bush appointed
Daniel Goldin (51) as head of NASA. Goldin retired in 2001.
(SFC, 10/18/01, p.C4)
1992 The Rand think tank in
Santa Monica first proposed the use of miniature flying vehicles of
military purposes. Development of micro air vehicles (MAVs) soon
1992 Congress tightened the
rules on phone sex lines and much of the traffic shifted to the
Caribbean. The Dominican Republic became a center for sex-line
(SFC, 9/6.96, p.A12)
1992 The Energy Policy Act laid
the groundwork for deregulating the wholesale electricity market in
(WSJ, 9/13/99, p.R4)
1992 The Energy Star Scheme
began in the US. It identified devices that met particular standards
for energy efficiency with a special logo.
(Econ, 3/11/06, Survey p.36)
1992 The Family and Medical
Leave Act was passed by the US Congress.
(SFEC, 11/24/96, Z1 p.3)
1992 The US federal Clean Air
Act required that cities with the worst carbon monoxide problems use
a clean-fuel gas in the winter to cut pollution. MTBE was used to
comply with act.
(SFEC, 8/10/97, p.A14)
1992 US federal law outlawed
the commercial fishing of Coho salmon off the Pacific coast.
(SFC, 1/27/98, p.A15)
1992 The Monterey Bay in
California was designated as a National Marine Sanctuary.
(SFC, 6/8/98, p.A8)
1992 Tennessee Judge David
Lanier was convicted of violating the civil rights of 5 women at his
courthouse in Dyersburg. He began his prison sentence in 1993 but
was set free by an appeals court in 1995. In 1997 he fled to Mexico
and was arrested after two months in Mexico.
(SFC, 10/15/97, p.A6)
1992 John Huang, an employee of
the Indonesian-based Lippo Group, authorized a $50,000 check to the
Democrats and then sought reimbursement from company headquarters in
Jakarta. In 1994 he served in the US Commerce Dept. and in 1996 as a
Democratic Party fund raiser among Asian-Americans.
(SFC, 7/17/97, p.A1)(SFC, 7/17/97, p.A5)
1992 Angel Francisco Breard of
Paraguay was convicted in the murder of Ruth Dickie in Arlington,
Va. The consulate of Paraguay was not notified and the death
sentence of Breard was under int’l. attention in 1998 for treaty
violations. Breard was executed Apr 14,1998.
(SFC, 4/14/98, p.A3)(SFC, 4/15/98, p.A3)
1992 The US set up the Iraqi
National Congress (INC) in Irbil, northern Iraq, as an alternative
to the regime of Saddam Hussein. It was founded with CIA support in
Vienna as a umbrella group for the Iraqi opposition. In 1999 it was
led by Ahmed Chalabi.
(SFEC, 9/8/96, p.A13)(USAT, 3/24/99, p.18A)(WSJ,
1992 The US began placing CIA
spies among UN weapons inspectors only a year after the end of the
(SFC, 2/23/99, p.A9)
1992 Former US Marine captain
Scott Ritter turned over evidence that Iraq’s Scud missile sites
were not destroyed during the Gulf War.
(SFC, 1/14/98, p.C3)
1992 US Representative Joseph
McDade, 2nd ranking Republican on the House Appropriations
Committee, was indicted on 5 counts of bribery, conspiracy and
racketeering. His trial only got underway in 1996.
(SFC, 6/11/96, p.A12)
1992 The 1,000-foot aircraft
carrier USS Midway was decommissioned. In 2004 it opened as a museum
in San Diego. It began service in 1945.
(SFC, 12/29/03, p.A9)
1992 The Virgil Earp law in
Tombstone, Arizona, was repealed on the grounds that it was
superceded by state law that allowed people to carry guns without a
(SFC, 8/19/96, p.A3)
1992 Colorado voters amended
the state constitution and passed a taxpayer’s bill of rights
(TABOR). It pegged government spending to the growth in population
and consumer spending. Voters agreed to relax it in 2000 and 2005
after it almost bankrupted the state.
(Econ, 10/8/05, p.40)(Econ, 11/3/07, p.39)
1992 The Mdewakanton Dakota
Indians opened their Mystic Lake casino complex on their 248 acres
of tribal land in Minnesota.
(WSJ, 2/5/98, p.A1,6)
1992 The Foxwoods Casino, the
biggest gaming complex in the Western Hemisphere, opened on the
Pequot Reservation at Mashantucket, Conn. The number of Pequots
numbered about 550. In 2001 Kim Isaac Eisler authored "Revenge of
(WSJ, 9/3/98, p.A16)(WSJ, 2/8/00, p.A20)
1992 The global digital
spectrum went up for auction. Frequencies were allocated by the
Int’l. Telecommunications Union.
(Wired, 2/98, p.59)
1992 Magdalena Ruiz Pelayo was
convicted of drug trafficking in Newark, New Jersey. From 1982 she
had worked as the private secretary to Raul Salinas Lozano, father
Pres. Carlos Salinas. She later told US authorities that Salinas
Lozano was a leading figure in narcotics dealings that also involved
his son, Raul, and his son-in-law, Jose Francisco Ruiz Massieu
(assassinated in 1994). She claimed to have been present on
occasions when drug traffickers handed millions over to Mexican
(SFC, 2/26/97, p.A6)(WSJ, 4/15/97, p.A9)
1992 The US federal government
began to require medical personnel to wear protective equipment
against blood-borne viruses.
(WSJ, 7/29/96, p.B7)
1992 The US and Europe reached
a bilateral pact on commercial jets. It limited European direct
subsidies to Airbus and indirect US aid for Boeing. EU aid to Airbus
was limited to a third of development costs and Boeing government
subsidies to 4% of its turnover. The truce ended in 1998 as Airbus
approached 50% of the market.
(WSJ, 1/24/00, p.A3)(Econ, 6/4/05, p.59)
1992 About 308 tons of cocaine
was seized worldwide by officials, according to the US Drug
(NG, Jan. 94, p.145)
1992 Terry Sanford (d.1998 at
80) of North Carolina lost his bid for a 2nd term in the US Senate
to Lauch Faircloth, a former state Commerce Secretary.
(SFEC, 4/19/98, p.C6)
1992 John Taylor, a White House
advisor, proposed a rule for the Federal Reserve Board to use in
setting interest rates. The Taylor rule says: If inflation is one
percentage point above the Fed's goal, rates should rise by 1.5
percentage points. If an economy's total output is one percentage
point below its full capacity, rates should fall by half a
(WSJ, 2/7/00, p.B1)
1992 Mark Whitacre blew the
whistle on a global conspiracy to fix the price of lysine, an animal
feed additive. His story inspired the film “The Informant" (2009).
(Econ, 3/29/14, p.67)
1992 The US Environmental
Protection Agency began requiring auto technicians to be certified
to buy Freon. This was after 50 countries agreed to ban Freon, which
contained CFCs, after 1995 due to the disappearance of ozone from
the atmosphere. Another 105 developing countries agreed to ban CFCs
(WSJ, 7/11/96, p. B1,7)
1992 The federal Central Valley
Project Improvement Act was designed to end litigation that had
characterized California’s water policies for decades. It empowered
a joint state and federal agency, CalFed, on a program of
environmental restoration in the Central Valley, the delta, and SF
(SSFC, 10/23/05, p.A17)
1992 Marvin Runyon (d.2004),
former auto executive, took over as head of the US Postal Service
and served until 1998. He trimmed 23,000 management jobs and added
letter carriers to improve service.
(SFC, 5/4/04, p.B7)
1992 The Audio Home Recording
Act restricted the use of digital-recording tools and required
makers of blank tapes an other copying devices to contribute to a
royalty pool for musicians.
(SFC, 4/8/02, p.E1)
1992 Kirk Fordice (1934-2004)
began serving 2 terms as governor of Mississippi.
(WSJ, 9/7/04, p.A1)
1992 At least 11 deaths at
Truman Memorial Hospital in Columbia, Mo., were later thought
suspicious. In 2002 Richard A. Williams, a former nurse, was
arrested and charged with murder. Williams was released in 2003 due
to flawed evidence.
(SFC, 6/4/02, p.A5)(SFC, 8/7/03, p.A3)
1992 Casinos began appearing in
Tunica, Miss., not long after the state authorized gambling in
counties adjacent to the Mississippi River and the Gulf Coast. A 12%
state tax included 4% for local use.
(SSFC, 1/11/04, p.A3)
1992 The Washington Post blew
the lid on a Congressional escape hatch, code-named Caspar, built
beneath the Greenbrier resort in White Sulphur Springs, West
Virginia. The site was soon closed and later became a tourist
(Econ, 2/11/17, p.71)
1992 Eddie Antar, founder of
the Crazy Eddie electronic retail chain was nabbed in Israel and
sent to a US prison.
(WSJ, 6/13/96, p.A1,8)
1992 Ron Carey began his
efforts to clean up the US Teamsters Union.
1992 Salvatore (Sammy the Bull)
Gravano took the witness stand and testified against his Mafia boss,
John Gotti. Gotti went to jail for life and Gravano served 5 years
and went undercover in a federal witness protection program. He
identified Vincent Gigante as the head of the Genovese crime family.
In 1997 Peter Maas published his interviews with Gravano in his book
(SFEC, 4/20/97, Par p.6)(SFC, 7/11/97, p.A80)
1992 Members of the militia
group called the Minnesota Patriots Council plotted to kill law
enforcement officials with ricin, a lethal toxin extracted from the
castor bean. Two men were arrested in the plot.
(SFC, 2/20/98, p.A9)
1992 Weakened by troubled real
estate loans, Dollar Dry Dock Bank of White Plains NY closed. Its
accounts were acquired by Emigrant Savings Bank of NYC.
(NYT, 6/7/96, p.B14)
1992 The Michelangelo computer
virus threatened computer systems around the world. It was designed
to lodge itself into a corner of the system and infect any floppies
put into the system, and to eventually mangle the hard drive.
(Sp., 5/96, p.68)
1992 America Online, a popular
Internet company, went public.
(WSJ, 5/24/99, p.R8)
1992 Steve Feinberg (b.1960)
teamed up with William L. Richter to found Cerberus Capital
Management with just $10 million under management. Cerberus was
founded as a hedge fund that traded in distressed debt. It was named
for the mythological three-headed dog that guarded the gates of
1992 C. Michael Armstrong took
over as head of Hughes Electronics. He built it into the largest US
satellite-TV service. In 1997 he was named head of AT&T and in
2002 he was named head of Comcast. In 2004 Armstrong announced he
would step down as head of Comcast.
(WSJ, 5/26/04, p.A1)
1992 The California Wellness
Foundation was established to improve the health of state residents.
It focused on inner-city violence as a preventable health problem.
(SFC, 8/9/97, p.A14)
1992 In California John Bryant
founded Operation Hope in the aftermath of the LA riots to give poor
people a hand in with financial education, advice and basic banking.
(Econ, 4/5/08, p.73)
1992 In Los Angeles Father Greg
Boyle, a Jesuit priest, founded Homeboy Industries, with the motto
Nothing strops a bullet like a job." It began in 1988 as a job
training program for former gang members.
1992 San Francisco-based Bank
of America acquired Security Pacific Corp.
(SFC, 4/14/98, p.B4)
1992 San Francisco’s Belt Line
shut down. The rail system, which began in the 1880’s, moved freight
from the docks for transshipment by rail.
(SSFC, 10/18/09, p.A2)
1992 The Fetzer family sold the
Fetzer Vineyards brand and its Hopland wine-making facility to
Brown-Forman for a reported $80 million. As part of the deal 11
Fetzer siblings were prohibited from making any kind of beverage for
sale for 8 years. Sidney Goldstein (d.2008 at 61), author of “The
Wine Lover’s Cookbook" (1999), served for many years as the food and
wine concepts director at Fetzer Vineyards.
(SFC, 1/1/04, p.D3)(SFC, 12/9/04, p.F3)(SSFC,
1992 Lanai, Hawaii, had its
last pineapple harvest.
(SFC, 6/27/12, p.D6)
1992 GM ousted Stempel in
favor of Jack Smith.
(WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)
1992 Lee Iacocca was forced to
retire from Chrysler. He was succeeded by Robert Eaton.
(WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)
1992 Kalpana Inc. shipped its
first Ethernet switches. The switches allowed network users more
privacy and access to the Ethernet’s full 10 million bits per sec.
data rate. The company was bought by Cisco systems in 1994 for $207
1992 Internews, an American
non-profit organization dedicated to developing private TV in Russia
with headquarters in Humboldt County, Ca., established a Moscow
(Wired, Dec., '95, p.82)
1992 Macy’s, a Manhattan based
retail chain, filed for bankruptcy.
(Econ, 4/22/06, p.72)(http://tinyurl.com/k6664)
1992 Nike Corp. established a
code of conduct for its suppliers. In 1996 it created the Apparel
Industry Partnership, which drew up a code of conduct for factories,
and in 1999 evolved into the Fair Labor Association (FLA).
(Econ, 3/31/12, p.73)
1992 The leveraged buyout firm
of Thomas H. Lee bought the Snapple juice and tea company for $135
million. In 1994 he sold it to Quaker Oats for $1.7 billion.
(WSJ, 12/3/08, p.C1)
1992 Olympia & York, a
property development company, went bankrupt. It was controlled by
the Reichmann family and its story is told by Anthony Bianco in his
1997 book "The Reichmanns."
(WSJ, 1/28/97, p.A16)
1992 Steven Cohen (36) left
Gruntal and launched SAC Capital Management LP, a hedge fund, with
$20 million of his own money. In 2006 trading by SAC on an average
day accounted for about 2% of overall stock market activity.
(WSJ, 9/16/06, p.A6)
1992 The Turner Broadcasting
System launched US cable TV’s Cartoon Network.
(SFC, 12/19/06, p.B5)
1992 The Humvee, High Mobility
Multi-Purpose Wheeled Vehicle, was released for the civilian market
by the AM General Corporation.
(WSJ, 9/11/97, p.A13)
1992 The Very Long Baseline
Array (VLBA) was completed. It is a string of 10 25-meter radio
telescopes that stretch from the Virgin Islands to Hawaii. They
operate in the cm. radio wavelengths. Data from each station is
merged through radio interferometry into a primary image whose
angular resolution equals that of a single telescope nearly 5,000
miles in diameter.
(Hem., 7/95, p.116)
1992 Internet domain
registrations began (DNS). Network Solutions Inc. of Science
Applications Int’l. was given the naming oversight in a contract
with the National Science Foundation. America’s Dept. of Commerce
created ICAAN, a non-profit corporation to run the DNS. Jon Postel
(1943-1998), an American engineer, was assigned to head ICAAN, but
he soon died.
(WSJ, 6/5/97, p.B5)(Econ, 12/4/10, p.73)
1992 Network Solutions won a
government contract to be the exclusive registrar of Internet
(WSJ, 11/5/99, p.B5)
1992 Robert Kahn and Vinton
Cerf, creators of the TCP/IP Internet protocol, founded the Internet
(Econ, 6/10/06, Survey p.33)
1992 Pfizer Corp. received FDA
approval for the antibiotic Zithromax.
(SFEC, 8/27/00, p.B4)
1992 Fen-phen, a combination of
fenfluramine and phentermine, began to be prescribed for weight loss
by American Home Products. A wrongful death suit due to pulmonary
complications was filed in 1997. A class action suit later resulted
with 300,000 plaintiffs. In 2001 Alicia Mundy authored "Dispensing
with the Truth," story of how the cases developed.
(WSJ, 5/10/01, p.A16)
1992 Karl Kehrle, aka Brother
Adam (1898-1996), ended his bee research at the Buckfast Abbey
southwest of London. The monastery insisted that the abbey’s
apiaries were to be used for honey production and not research. He
had developed the Buckfast Superbee, a breed widely regarded as the
healthiest and most prolific honey producer. He also developed a
breed resistant to acarine disease which had badly damaged honey
production in the US.
(SFC, 9/5/96, p.C2)
1992 Autherine Lucy Foster
(b.1929), wife of Rev. Hugh Foster, finally got a degree from the
Univ. of Alabama, when she received a Master's in Education. She had
been suspended from the school in 1956 due to campus safety issues
relating to her race. Also in that graduating class was her daughter
Grazia, who received a Bachelor's Degree in Corporate Finance.
(NYT, 4/26/1992, p.43)
1992 The first charter school
opened in Minnesota.
(SFC, 10/17/96, A1)
1992 The U of M Institute for
Social Research (ISR) began its Health and Retirement study and the
study of Assets and Health Dynamics, biannual surveys that tracked
the health, wealth, work and family relationships of Americans over
(MT, Fall. ‘97, p.4)
1992 Scranton, Pa., entered Act
47, a state program that provides assistance to financially
(Econ, 7/21/12, p.26)
1992 In Texas Dan and Fran
Keller were convicted of sexually assaulting a 3-year-old after
children in their day care told investigators of dismembered bodies,
tortured pets and other fantastic tales. In 2017 the couple were
slated to receive $3-4 million from the state for being wrongfully
imprisoned for more than two decades.
(SFC, 3/24/17, p.A5)
1992 In Vermont Fran Henry
started the “Stop it Now" helpline service for child sex offenders.
A British version followed a decade later.
(Econ, 8/13/16, p.42)
1992 The American Professional
Partnership for Lithuanian Education (APPLE) was organized.
(BN, 10/97, p.6)
1992 Some 43 million crimes
were committed in the US and 10.3 million of them were violent. Of
the violent crimes 641,000 led to arrests and 165,000 to convictions
(90% were plea-bargained) and 100,000 led to prison terms. The data
is examined in 2 books by Michael Tonry titled: Sentencing Matters
and Malign Neglect: Race, Crime, and Punishment in America.
(WSJ, 12/15/95, p.A-14)
1992 Countries including the US
pledged to limit pollution emissions by the end of the decade to
levels of 1990.
(WSJ, 11/30/95, p.B-12)
1992 A team of investigators
announced the discovery of he long lost Arabian city of Ubar, which
had disappeared around the early 6th century. Geroge Hedges
(1952-2009), a Hollywood litigator, and filmmaker Nicholas Clapp,
participated in the find. Clapp later authored “The Road to Ubar:
Finding the Atlantis of the Sands" (1999).
(WSJ, 3/20/09, p.A12)
1992 Scientists at Novartis
synthesized the compound that would become Gleevec (Glivec). It had
been identified as promising compound for treating leukemia. In
2001, the FDA approved Gleevec for chronic myeloid leukemia (CML).
1992 The depletion of the ozone
layer made headlines.
(TMC, 1994, p.1992)
1992 Methyl bromide was added
to the list chemicals in the 1987 Montreal Protocol, an
international treaty dealing with ozone-destroying pollutants.
(NYT, 10/8/04, p.A16)
1992 Kanatjan Alibekov, a
director of Biopreparat, defected from Russia to the US. He reported
that the Soviet agency ran a massive biological warfare development
program with over 25,000 employees and had developed 52 biological
agents before he left. He also reported that the agency had
ballistic missile warheads loaded with plague, anthrax, and smallpox
intended for delivery against American cities.
(WSJ, 3/10/98, p.A22)
1992 A condor release program
in Ventura County, Ca. failed when 4 birds had fatal collisions with
power lines and one drank a lethal dose of antifreeze.
(SFC, 9/2/96, p.A8)
1992 Kingsley Ofosu, a Ghanaian
dockworker, stowed away with his brother and 6 friends on a
freighter in the hopes of reaching New York. When the ship reached
Le Havre, France, Mr. Ofosu was the only stowaway alive. A film of
the story was made for TV and shown on HBO in 1996.
(WSJ, 6/13/96, p.A12)
1992 A US experimental Osprey
military aircraft crashed and 7 men were killed. The Defense Dept.
tried to cancel the plane in 1989 but Congress continued the
(SFC, 4/11/00, p.A3)
1992 Robert Arneson (b.1930),
Bay Area ceramic artist and sculptor, died. His "Yin and Yang" was
installed across from the SF Ferry Building in 2003.
(SFEM, 2/23/97, p.6)(SFC, 2/23/02, p.D1)
1992 Allan Bloom, political
philosopher at the Univ. of Chicago, died. His books included "The
Closing of the American Mind" and a translation of Plato’s
"Republic." His "Love and Friendship" was published posthumously. In
2000 Saul Bellow authored the novel "Ravelstein" based on Bloom.
(WSJ, 4/14/00, p.W11)
1992 David Bohn, physicist,
died. He was considered by Einstein as his heir in quantum theory.
He was accused of being involved with the Soviets and left the US to
work in England. He wrote the book "Quantum Theory" based on his
Princeton lecture notes.
(SFEC, 8/17/97, Z1 p.3)
1992 Elizabeth David (b.1913),
nee Gwynne, died. Her 1950 work, "A Book of Mediterranean Food,"
changed British cuisine. In 2001 Artemis Cooper authored "Writing At
the Kitchen Table: The Authorized Biography of Elizabeth David."
(SSFC, 3/18/01, BR p.7)
1992 Herbert Hart (b.1907),
legal philosopher at Oxford Univ., died. In 2004 Niccola Lacey
authored “A Life of H.L.A. Hart: The Nightmare and the Noble Dream."
(Econ, 12/4/04, p.84)
1992 Friedrich Hayek (b.1899),
economist and 1974 Nobel Prize winner, died. His books included "The
Road to Serfdom" (1944) and "The Challenge to Liberty" (1960). In
2001 Alan Ebenstein authored the biography "Friedrich Hayek."
(WSJ, 4/19/01, p.A16)
1992 Max Lerner (b.1902),
Russian-born American author, died. His work included "America as a
Civilization." In 1998 Sanford Lakoff published the biography "Max
Lerner: Pilgrim in a Promised Land."
(WSJ, 11/10/98, p.A20)(SFEC, 7/11/99, BR p.6)
1992 Audre Lorde (b.1934),
American influential black lesbian poet, died of cancer. In 1996 the
TV documentary: "A Litany for Survival: The Life and Work of Audre
Lorde was shown." In 2004 Alexis De Veaux authored "Warrior Poet: A
biography of Audre Lorde."
(SFC, 6/18/96, p.B7)(SSFC, 4/18/04, p.M2)
1992 Christopher McCandless, a
former student from Harvard, starved to death in the wilderness of
Alaska. His story was later told by Jon Krakauer in the book “Into
the Wild." In 2007 Sean Penn directed a film of the same name based
on the book.
(Econ, 11/17/07, p.102)
1992 Anthony Perkins (60), lead
actor in the 1960 Hitchcock film Psycho, died of AIDS. His biography
was written in 1996 by Charles Winecoff: Split Image, "The Life of
(SFC, 10/1/96, p.B3)(SFEC, 11/10/96, Par p.2)
1992 Purported British spy Ian
Spiro was found dead in Anza-Borrego Desert State Park. His wife and
3 children had been found dead at their home in Rancho Santa Fe near
San Diego three days earlier.
(SFC, 3/27/97, p.A19)
1992 Nicola Zappetti, American
gangster in Japan, died. He had told his story to Robert Whiting who
published in 1999: "Tokyo Underworld: The Fast Times and Hard Life
of an American Gangster in Japan."
(SFC, 8/14/99, p.B1)
1992 In Angola fighting between
UNITA and the MPLA resumed when UNITA rejected its political defeat
in the country’s first democratic elections. Jonas Savimbi, leader
of UNITA, refused to accept defeat.
(SFC, 4/12/97, p.A12)(SFC, 12/26/98, p.A12)
1992 Angola’s Pres. Jose
Eduardo dos Santos and the MPLA beat Jonas Savimbi and UNITA in
(Econ, 9/4/04, p.48)
1992 The Angola food company,
Angoalissar, was founded by local and int’l. investors.
(Econ, 1/5/08, Angola p.5)
1992 Reynaldo Bignone
Argentina's last military dictator (1982-1983) authored the memoir:
"The Last De Facto".
(SSFC, 3/11/18, p.C10)
1992 Argentina privatized its
natural gas industry.
(Econ, 5/12/07, p.40)
1992 Astor Piazzolla, Argentine
Bandoneon player and composer, died. His albums included : “El
Desbande" (1947), “The Vienna Concert" (1981), “Tango Zero Hour"
(1986), “The Lausanne Concert" and “Five Tango Sensations" (1989),
and “The Rough Dancer and the Cyclical Night."
(BAAC, 1/96, p.4,5)(Esq., 5/91, p.60,61)
1992 Australia’s Keating
government passed a law requiring workers to set aside big chunks of
their income into a superannuation account for retirement. This
began to create a huge national retirement pool.
(WSJ, 12/6/05, p.A1)(Econ, 5/28/11, SR p.6)
1992 Australia’s High Court
accepted the concept of “native title," which struck down the
doctrine of British settlers that the land they found was terra
nullius (belonging to no one). The landmark Mabo decision resulted
in legislative recognition of native title rights over some
government-owned lands and years of acrimonious debate about the
(Econ, 5/7/05, Survey p.15)(AP, 1/30/08)(Econ,
5/28/11, SR p.11)
1992 In Australia the Labor
government of Paul Keating introduced a policy of mandatory
detention for asylum seekers, pending assessment of their claims.
(Econ., 4/25/15, p.24)
1992 Australia’s High Court
made the sterilization of retarded girls illegal if not medically
required, unless a court or tribunal approved it.
1992 The Australian wine firm
Thomas Hardy & Sons merged with a rival to create BRL Hardy.
(WSJ, 5/30/03, p.A3)
1992 Thomas Klestil (1933-2004)
became president of Austria.
(WSJ, 7/7/04, p.A1)
1992 In Azerbaijan Abulfez
Elchibey, a pro-Turkish nationalist, came to power. Ayaz Mutalibov
was deposed amid economic turmoil and losses in a war with Armenia.
(WSJ, 7/21/98, p.A12)(SFC, 9/6/02, p.A16)
1992 The Azerbaijanis under a
new nationalist government tried to reconquer Nagorno-Karabakh, but
were soon repulsed.
(WSJ, 3/18/98, p.A18)
1992 Bangladesh began refusing
refugee status to Rohingyas, a dark-skinned Muslim minority from
(Econ, 12/1/07, p.56)
1992 Harkat-ul Jihadi-e-Islami
(HUJEI) was formed with funds from al-Qaeda with the goal of
creating an Islamic state in Bangladesh.
(SFC, 2/15/02, p.A20)
1992 In Bangladesh a toxic
paracetamol syrup produced by BCI Pharmaceuticals killed at least 76
children this year alone. Hundreds of children died from the syrup
as they developed kidney diseases and other ailments after taking
the medicine in the 1990s. In 2015 six officials of the dissolved
company were sentenced to 10 years in prison. Five local companies,
including BCI, were accused in the case.
1992 In Bolivia Maria Galindo
founded Mujeres Creando (Women Creating) in an effort to protest
homophobia and the maltreatment of women.
(Econ, 1/23/16, p.28)
1992 In Bosnia Zeljko
Raznatovic, aka Arkan, Serb paramilitary leader was involved in the
seizure of the north-eastern Bosnian town of Bijeljina, that became
a symbol of Serb atrocities.
(SFC, 5/21/96, p.A-12)
1992 In Brcko, Bosnia,
Serb soldiers and militiamen conquered the town and expelled the
Muslim and Croat population. As many as 7,000 unarmed captives were
(SFC, 2/15/97, p.A10,11)
1992 In the Bosporus a Lebanese
vessel sank with a cargo of 13,000 sheep and goats.
(SFEC, 1/11/98, p.A23)
1992 In Brazil Paulo Cesar
Farias symbolized the corruption that led to the downfall of the
Mello government. He was treasurer of Mello’s presidential campaign
and allegedly took suitcases of cash out of the country on jets that
belonged to his air taxi company.
(SFC, 6/24/96, p.A8)
1992 Brazil signed the American
convention on Human Rights.
(SFC, 6/14/96, p. A17)
1992 In Brazil Guilherme de
Padua, TV soap actor, was charged with the stabbing death of his
co-star Daniela Perez. She was stabbed 18 times with scissors. He
originally confessed but later claimed that his wife, Paula de
Alameida Thomaz, carried out the stabbing in a fit of jealousy. The
case finally came to trial in 1997. He was found guilty and
sentenced to 19 years.
(SFC, 1/25/97, p.C1)(SFEC, 1/26/97, p.A15)
1992 Brazil’s steel industry
(USA Today, OW, 4/22/96, p.5)
1992 In Brazil Proheto Tiete
was launched to clean up the San Paulo’s Tiete river. In 2006 Janes
Jorge authored “The River the City Lost."
1992 In Britain Prince Charles
founded the London-based Institute of Architecture.
(SFC, 8/8/97, p.A17)
1992 In Britain Glenda Jackson,
actress, was elected to Parliament. Under Tony Blair in 1997 she was
promoted to junior transport minister.
(SFC, 8/3/98, p.A8)
1992 In England the Earth
Liberation Front (ELF) emerged in Brighton through Earth Firsters
who did not want to abandon the option of criminal acts to further
their environmental goals.
(SFC, 3/6/01, p.A2)
1992 Two bombs were exploded in
Manchester, England that wounded 60 people.
(SFC, 6/16/96, p.A15)
1992 McLaren produced its first
sports car, the F1. A total of 106 cars were produced between 1992
and 1998. The British McLaren F1 was designed and manufactured by
Gordon Murray and McLaren Automotive. On March 31, 1998, it set the
record for the fastest production car in the world, 240 mph (391
1992 SmithKline Beecham, later
know as GlaxoSmithKline (GSK), introduced Paxil, an antidepressant,
and recommended it for depressed children. In 2003 the British
government concluded that the drug had been misleadingly presented
and that it made some children suicidal.
1992 Francis Bacon (b.1909),
British artist, died. In 1997 his biography was written by Michael
Peppiatt: Francis Bacon: Anatomy of an Enigma. Bacon’s studio was
later dismantled and replicated in Dublin. In 2001 John Edwards,
Bacon’s companion, wrote a brief memoir accompanied by photos of the
studio: "7 Reece Mews: Francis Bacon’s Studio."
(SFEC, 8/17/97, BR p.6)(SSFC, 10/28/01, p.R6)
1992 Robert Thompson (b.1916),
British military officer and counter-insurgency expert, died. His
books included “War in Peace: An Analysis of Warfare Since 1945"
1992 In Bulgaria Communist
leader Todor Zhivkov was convicted of embezzling state funds. He was
freed in 1997.
(WSJ, 1/21/97, p.A1)
1992 The Association of
Cambodian Local Economic Development Agencies (ACLEDA) was set up by
the UN and the Int’l. Labor Organization as a microfinance
non-governmental organization. By 2010 it was Cambodia’s largest
bank by assets.
(Economist, 9/22/12, p.85)
1992 In Cameroon the
re-election of Pres. Paul Biya was boycotted by the opposition and
dismissed as bogus by int’l. observers.
(WSJ, 12/10/96, p.A22)
1992 In Canada voters in the
Northwest Territories agreed to the formation of an Inuit governed
territory called Nunavut, which means "our land" in the Inuktitut
language. The change would take effect Apr 1, 1999.
(SFC, 3/28/98, p.A10)
1992 Canada closed the Grand
Banks off of Newfoundland to all cod fishing. The cod fishery had
collapsed due to overfishing. By 2012 the fishery had still not
(NH, 5/96, p.61)(Econ, 2/25/12, p.71)
1992 Hissene Habre, an autocrat
from Chad, fled to Senegal with $11 million in loot.
(WSJ, 5/31/00, p.A26)
1992 A commission set up in
Chad accused Habre's regime of 40,000 political killings and 200,000
cases of torture.
1992 An agreement was made on
sharing water from Nubian sandstone aquifer system, the largest in
the world, located under Chad, Egypt, Libya and Sudan.
(Econ, 10/9/10, p.87)
1992 Doug Tompkins, founder of
Esprit Corp., began purchasing a 762,000-acre property north of
Valle Chacabuco, Chile. He named the area Pumalin park and opened it
as a nature sanctuary. His townhouse and office building are located
in the coastal city of Puerto Montt. The $60 million deal was
concluded in 2001.
(SFC, 7/4/01, p.A10)(SFCM, 9/10/06, p.11)
1992 In China Li Hong-zhi
founded the Falun Gong system of meditation and exercise. It was
borrowed from qigong, a system of controlled breathing, martial
arts, meditation and healing that was popular since the bans on
cultural traditions were lifted in the late 1970s.
(SFC, 4/26/99, p.A13)
1992 Mou Qizhong, Chinese
entrepreneur, stuffed 500 railroad cars with surplus pork, clothes
and cheap electronic goods and sent them to Russia. He received 4
Tupelov 154 airplanes in exchange, which he sold to Sichuan Airlines
and netted $11 million.
(WSJ, 8/28/96, p.A1,4)
1992 Jiang Zemin, Chinese
Communist Party leader, gave the go-ahead for a secret manned space
program known as Project 921, with a target launch date of October
1999. Qi Faren, trained in Russia, was named chief spacecraft
(SFEC, 11/21/99, p.A14)(AP, 10/15/03)
1992 China issued a license to
explore for oil in block WAB-21, 650 miles from its coast. This was
the first time it claimed resources in the South China Sea, so far
from its shore.
(Econ, 1/24/15, p.36)
1992 China established
diplomatic relations with Israel.
(Econ, 5/11/13, p.52)
1992 China, Russia and South
Korea normalized relations that allowed for air-service agreements.
(WSJ, 6/18/96, p.A10)
1992 Russian Pres. Boris
Yeltsin visited China and signed a nuclear cooperation agreement.
1992 China received
Russian-designed Sukhoi-27 fighter airplanes.
(SFC, 6/10/97, p.A8)
1992 China’s Communist Party
declared a “socialist market economy" as its goal.
(Econ, 1/9/16, p.36)
1992 In the “1992 consensus"
China and Taiwan’s ruling Koumintang party (KMT) affirmed the notion
of one China though each held their own interpretation.
(Econ, 2/18/17, p.34)
1992 China began to allow
private firms and trading resumed on the Shanghai stockmarket.
Closed since 1941 it had begun trading in the 1860s listing both
domestic and foreign firms.
(Econ, 8/16/08, p.69)(Econ, 1/31/15, p.55)
1992 The China Construction
Bank announced the nation’s first personal loans following efforts
by Liu Chuanzhi, founder of Lenovo, to push a handful of employees
into owning their own homes. In 2006 Ling Zhijun authored “The
Lenovo Affair: The Growth of China’s Computer Giant and Its Takeover
(Econ, 6/17/06, p.91)
1992 The Greater Mekong
Subregion was created grouping 5 South-East Asian countries
(Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam) and 2 Chinese
1992 Cuban poet Dulce Maria
Loynaz (d.1997 at 94) won the prestigious Cervantes Award. She wrote
the novel "Garden" between 1928 and 1935 in a style considered a
precursor to "magical realism." It wasn’t published until the 1950s.
Other works included "Lyric Works" (1935); "Verses" (1920-1938);
"Love Letter for King Tutankhamen" (1953), "Collected Poems" (1984);
"Bestiary" (1985) and "A Summer in Tenerife" (1987).
(SFC, 4/29/97, p.A20)
1992 In the Czech Republic the
Prague Center on National Democratic Decision-Making and Conflict
Management was founded with financing by the Levi Strauss
Foundation of San Francisco.
(SFEC, 7/19/98, p.A3)
1992 Croatian Pres. Franjo
Tudjman picked Mate Boban (d.7/7/97) to form an independent enclave
of Bosnian Croats. It was called the Croatian Community of
Herzeg-Bosna. Muslims and Serbs were purged and some of the worst
concentration camps of the war were set up for Muslim civilians.
(SFC, 7/9/97, p.A15)
1992 Ecuador left OPEC, after
nearly two decades of membership, with an outstanding debt of $5.7
million. In 2007 it planned to rejoin OPEC.
(WSJ, 10/9/07, p.A11)
1992 Texaco quit drilling in
Ecuador after nearly 30 years. It left behind a toxic dump of some
1.8 million gallons of spilled crude oil.
(SFC, 5/1/03, A8)
1992 In Egypt the radio program
"Nocturnal Confessions" began.
(SFC, 12/2/96, p.A12)
1992 In El Salvador the new US
Embassy was completed. Plans for the structure had been drawn up in
1992 In El Salvador after the
guerrillas demobilized the Communist Party kept guerrilla
leader Jose Louis Merino’s network of safe houses intact and
continued to kidnap for ransom. In 2008 Merino, a dominant force in
the FMLN, was implicated in helping Colombia’s FARC contact two
Australia arms dealers.
(WSJ, 8/28/08, p.A9)
1992 In Estonia Mart Laar (32)
was sworn in as prime minister. The fiscal conservative led the
1992-94 and 1999-2002 governments.
1992 Estonia revamped its
intelligence service with a small British-trained unit.
(Econ, 12/23/06, p.74)
1992 Customs barriers within
the EU were abolished.
(Econ, 4/8/17, p.48)
1992 Jacques Delors, president
of the European Commission, almost scuppered the Uruguay round of
world trade talks rather than cut farm spending.
(Econ, 11/5/05, p.58)
1992 In Finland the Wife
Carrying contest was initiated to revive a 200 year old tradition
from when Ronkainen the Robber tested aspiring members of his gang
by making them carry huge sacks on their backs through an obstacle
course. Cash prizes and the wife’s weight in beer was awarded to the
(SFEC, 7/5/98, p.A2)
1992 In France Marc Sautet,
philosophy professor and writer, started philosophy debates at the
Cafe des Phares in Paris. Success encouraged him to export the idea
of philosophy cafes around the world.
(SFC, 4/21/97, p.A9)
1992 Foreign investors
accounted for more than 20% of shareholdings in French companies, up
from 12% in 1977.
(WSJ, 10/17/95, A-20)
1992 In Georgia Eduard
Shevardnadze, former Soviet foreign minister, was elected speaker of
Parliament and the became the country's leader.
(WSJ, 11/6/95, p.A-1)(SFC, 11/24/03, p.A11)
1992 In Tbilisi, Georgia, the
central-heating system went out of service. Carbon-monoxide
poisonings began as residents turned to wood and gas stoves.
1992 The German Red Army urban
guerrilla group abandoned violence.
(SFC, 5/11/96, p.A-8)
1992 Germany imposed a new tax
on investment income.
(WSJ, 12/4/96, p.A1)
1992 In Germany chancellor
Helmut Kohl’s conservative-centrist coalition set an annual quota of
225,000 for new arrivals in order to stem the rush from former Iron
(SFC, 1/13/98, p.A11)
1992 In Germany Bremen and
Saarland asked to be bailed out of economic difficulties.
(Econ, 4/29/06, p.56)
1992 Elf-Aquitaine purchased
the former East German Leuna refinery. It was later alleged that
bribes totaling $44 million were paid by the French government to
the German Social Democrats under Helmut Kohl.
(SFC, 1/24/00, p.A6)
1992 In Ghana a ban on
political parties was lifted and former president Hilla Limann
formed the People’s National Convention Party. Limann ran for the
presidency but finished a distant 3rd.
(SFEC, 1/25/98, p.A22)
1992 In Ghana J.J. Rawlings was
elected with 59% of the vote in disputed elections.
(SFC, 12/6/96, p.B1)(SFC, 12/9/96, p.A18)
1992 Ghana’s Constitution was
devised under the eye of J.J. Rawlings. It gave much power to the
president and did little to separate the executive from the courts.
(Econ, 12/21/13, p.77)
1992 Athens began construction
on its Metro subway.
(NG, 8/04, Geographica)
1992 Greece passed legislation
forcing new entrants to the workforce and their employers to pay
higher payroll taxes than those already employed.
(Econ, 9/10/11, p.77)
1992 Thessaloniki, Greece was
selected as the cultural capital of Europe.
(WSJ, 4/29/97, p.A20)
1992 The National Marine Park
of Alonissos, Greece, was established to protect the endangered
Mediterranean monk seal.
(SSFC, 2/14/04, p.D6)
1992 Fair and free elections
were introduced in Guyana. Cheddi Jagan was elected president. The
People’s Progressive Party-Civic (PPP-C), supported by the
Indo-Guyanese, gained power following 28 years of rule by the rival
People’s National Congress Reform (PNC-R), supported by most blacks.
(WSJ, 9/25/96, p.A18)(Econ, 4/29/06, p.42)
1992 The Honduran government
was forced to revoke a 40-year forest concession it had granted to a
Chicago-based paper company, Stone Container, after thousands of
Hondurans marched in protest.
(SFC, 6/25/96, p.A10)
1992 In Hong Kong Christopher
Patten became the 28th British governor. He began electoral reforms
that were denounced by China. He served to 1997 and in 1998
published "East and West: China, Power and the Future of Asia."
(SFEC, 11/10/96, Parade p.14)(SFC, 7/1/97,
p.A8)(WSJ, 9/16/98, p.A20)
1992 The Hong Kong and Shanghai
Banking Corporation (HSBC) bought Britain’s Midland Bank as part of
a strategy of global expansion.
(Econ, 12/4/10, p.71)
1992 Iceland left the Int’l.
Whaling Commission when a resolution was passed to outlaw commercial
(SFC, 5/10/97, p.A8)
1992 After hearing about his
cutting-edge research on the brain and emotions through mutual
friends, the Dalai Lama invited Richard Davidson, a University of
Wisconsin-Madison neuroscientist, to his home in India to pose a
question: Scientists often study depression, anxiety and fear, but
why not devote your work to the causes of positive human qualities
like happiness and compassion? In 2010 the Dalai Lama marked the
opening of the Center for Investigating Healthy Minds at the
university's Waisman Center.
1992 India’s central government
approved a foreign owned power project. Enron Corp. was contracted
to build the Dabhol Power Co. in Maharashtra state.
(WSJ, 2/5/99, p.A1)
1992 Indian transplants in
Silicon Valley founded The Indus Entrepreneurs (TIE). By 2009 the
group had a network of 12,000 members and operated in 53 cities in
(Econ, 3/14/09, SR p.4)
1992 Talwinder Singh Parmar,
Sikh fundamentalist and alleged mastermind of the June 23, 1985,
bombing of Air India Flight 182, was killed in a shootout with
(Econ, 3/19/05, p.46)
1992 In India Naresh Goyal
founded Jet Airways. Etihad Aviation Group purchased a 24% stake in
Jet Airways in 2013. In 2019 the company faced Bankruptcy.
1992 The exiled opposition of
Iraq was united under Ahmad Chalabi.
(WSJ, 12/2/98, p.A1)
1992 Ireland’s Supreme Court
ruling found abortion should be legalized for situations when the
woman's life is at risk from continuing the pregnancy. However five
following governments since have refused to pass a law resolving the
confusion. In 2010 the European Court of Human Rights called on
Ireland to clarify its abortion law.
(AP, 11/14/12)(Econ, 2/2/13, p.43)
1992 In Northern Ireland Billy
Wright (1960-1997) in an interview admitted that he had planned the
killings of more than a dozen Catholics.
1992 An Italian court sentenced
Marina Petrella, a member of the Red Brigades, in absentia to life
in prison on charges including murder and kidnapping. In 2007 French
police arrested Petrella for a petty crime and planned to extradite
her to Italy. In 2008 a French court ordered her that she be freed
from prison because of health problems.
(AP, 8/23/07)(AP, 8/5/08)
1992 The Italian Mafia demanded
that sentences passed against some 400 Mafiosi at a mass trial in
1987 be softened and that a law that imposed a harsh prison regime
for Mafiosi be repealed. A list of 12 demands was written by written
by the son of Salvatore "The Beast" Riina on a scrap of paper while
his father was still at large during alleged secret negotiations
between the state and the Mafia. The note was only made public in
1992 In Japan Emp. Akihito
opened a museum devoted to the art and poetry collections of past
rulers on his palace grounds.
1992 The government of Japan
passed the PKO bill. The controversial legislation allowed troops to
be sent abroad on peace-keeping missions.
(Jap. Enc., BLDM, p. 217)
1992 Japan passed a law that
made it a crime to demand that a securities company return
(SFC, 12/3/97, p.D3)
1992 Japan passed an anti-mob
law the clearly defined illegal behavior and penalized companies
with yakuza ties. This led to the practice of using former policemen
to replace yakuza for protection.
(Econ, 2/28/09, p.45)
1992 Ling Ling (d.2008), a
giant panda born at China's Beijing Zoo in 1985, came to Tokyo. He
later traveled to Mexico three times for unsuccessful mating.
1992 Juzo Itami, film director,
was slashed in the face and seriously injured by Japanese mobsters
upset over his unflattering portrayal of gangsters in a film.
(SFEC, 1/25/98, Z1 p.2)
1992 Jordan began allowing
1992 In Kenya the Dadaab camps
Dagahaley, Hagadera and Ifo were constructed. Ifo camp was first
settled by refugees from the civil war in Somalia, and later efforts
were made by UNHCR to improve the camp. In 2016 Ben Rawlence
authored “City of Thorns: Nine Lives in the World’s Largest Refugee
1992 In Kenya Rev. Angelo
D’Agostino (1926-2006) founded the Nyumbani orphanage for children
(SFC, 11/22/06, p.B7)
1992 In Kenya in Rift Valley
province state security forces stood by as the Kalenjin and Kikuyu
tribes battled each other prior to the presidential elections.
Ethnic Kikuyus, Luhyas and Luos, who supported the opposition, were
attacked by members of Moi’s home province Kalenjin group.
(WSJ, 12/10/96, p.A22)(SFC, 9/4/97, p.A10)
1992 In Kenya Daniel arap Moi
was re-elected with 36% of the vote.
(SFC, 10/17/96, A8)
1992 In Kenya three Somali
clans in the Wajir district -- the Ajuran, Ogaden and Degodia broke
out into war after the elections. More than 2,000 people were
1992 The US restored diplomatic
ties with Laos.
1992 Rafik Hariri, billionaire
businessman, led the reconstruction of Lebanon after taking office
as Prime Minister. He hired a Cairo-based engineering firm to design
a world-class financial center and a new airport.
(SFC, 5/4/96, p.A-8)(WSJ, 4/6/98, p.A1)
1992 In West Africa ULIMO, The
United Movement of Liberia arose as a guerilla force to stop
cooperation between Sierra Leone’s rebel leader Foday Sankoh and
(SFC, 4/17/96, p.A-8)
1992 In Lithuania the
Democratic Labor Party led by Algirdas Brazauskas took power.
Unemployment, high-prices, and fuel shortage caused the electorate
to return to power many former communists.
(Compuserve, Online Encyclopedia)
1992 Radio Luxembourg went off
the air as it lost listeners due to deregulation and commercial
rivals. In 2008 it hoped to make a comeback using digital
(Econ, 3/8/08, TQ p.8)
1992 In Madagascar mass
demonstrations and civil service strikes led to a march on the
palace by 100,000 people. The elite guard killed an estimated 100.
Military ruler Rastiraka soon agreed to new elections that were won
by Albert Zafy.
(SFC, 8/19/96, p.A8,10)
1992 Malawi passed a moratorium
on the death penalty.
1992 A major drought ravaged
the small farmers of Malawi.
(SFC, 12/9/05, p.A25)
1992 In Malaysia a rare earths
plant in northern Perak state was forced to shut down over protests
from residents who blamed it for birth defects in nearby
1992 Panama disease, caused by
the fusarium fungus, mutated to a form capable of attacking the
Cavendish variety of banana and wiped out plantations in Malaysia.
The disease had previously destroyed the popular Gros Michel
variety, which was left growing only in remote parts of Uganda and
(Econ, 10/22/05, p.85)
1992 Gen. Amadou Toumani Toure
introduced multi-party democracy in Mali.
(Econ, 7/30/05, p.41)
1992 Mauritius launched itself
as a financial center.
(Econ, 2/24/07, SR p.6)
1992 Mexico’s Finance Minister
Pedro Aspe finally cut off government funding of the PRI party late
(WSJ, 4/19/96, p.A-11)
1992 Raul Salinas and Carlos
Hank Rhon of Mexico set up an appointment with Citibank private
banker Amy Elliot in New York to establish an account with Citibank
for Mr. Salinas.
(WSJ, 11/1/96, p.A1)
1992 Andrei Ivantoc, a member
of the Popular Moldovan Front, was arrested by separatist
authorities of Trans-Dniester. A year later he and the three
others were sentenced on charges of committing terrorist acts
against citizens of Trans-Dniester. The Popular Moldovan Front
called for the reunification of Moldova with neighboring Romania.
The group's members were seen as martyrs by some in Moldova and
Romania for their opposition to the separatists. Ivantoc was
released in 2007.
1992 In Nepal the region of
Mustang was opened to visitors. It was only accessible by a
week-long hike from the town of Jomsom along the Mustang River.
Explorer and artist Robert Powell began visiting there and creating
(WSJ, 3/5/99, p.W10)
1992 Dwarika Das Shrestha,
founder of Dwarika's Hotel in Kathmandu, Nepal, died.
(SFEM, 9/17/00, p.94)
1992 In Nicaragua, Violeta
Chamorro cancelled a 30-year forest concession with a Taiwanese
company after a public outcry.
(SFC, 6/25/96, p.A10)
1992 In Nicaragua a slow
earthquake was followed by a 7.2 earthquake.
(SFC, 9/6.96, p.A11)
1992 Kenneth Nnebue, a Nigerian
trader based in Onitsha, shot a film called “Living in Bondage" to
help sell a large stock of blank videocassettes that he had
purchased from Taiwan. The film sold 750,000 copies and prompted
imitators and the growth of a Nigerian film industry known as
Nollywood. By 2006 Nigeria’s film industry employed about a million
(Econ, 7/29/06, p.58)
1992 Commercial creditors
forgave much of Nigeria’s debt.
(Econ, 10/22/05, p.80)
1992 Rev. Billy Graham went to
North Korea at the invitation of late North Korean President Kim Il
Sung. Graham returned again in 1994.
1992 In Norway the 1993 Oslo I
peace accord was begun in 1992 following a research project on
Palestinian living conditions by Terje Roed Larsen. Larsen arranged
discussions between Uri Savir of Israel and Ahmed Qureia (Abu Ala)
(SFEC, 10/31/99, p.A21)
1992 Norway introduced a carbon
tax in an effort to fight global warming.
(Econ, 6/2/07, p.22)
1992 Norway dramatically cut
top tax rates on both labor and capital income, from a 58% top
income tax rate to 28%.
(Econ, 9/24/11, p.84)
1992 In Norway the 1993 Oslo I
peace accord was begun in 1992 following a research project on
Palestinian living conditions by Terje Roed Larsen. Larsen arranged
discussions between Uri Savir of Israel and Ahmed Qureia (Abu Ala)
(SFEC, 10/31/99, p.A21)
1992 Norway introduced a carbon
tax in an effort to fight global warming.
(Econ, 6/2/07, p.22)
1992 Norway’s 19th cent.
Holmenkollen Chapel, often attended by the royal family, fell victim
(WSJ, 8/27/96, p.A12)
1992 In Norway Varg "the Count"
Vikernes murdered a rival Satanist leader and was sentenced to 21
years in prison. He was also involved in at least four cases of
(WSJ, 8/27/96, p.A12)
1992 The Pakistan Cricket team
led by Imran Khan won the World Cup Championship.
(WSJ, 12/2/96, p.A1,8)
1992 In Pakistan the radical
Islamic Movement for the Enforcement of Islam in English was
(SFC, 9/7/98, p.A10)
1992 Ramzi Yousef, nephew of
Khalid Shaikh Mohammed (Khaled Sheikh Mohammed), dispatched from
Pakistan a childhood friend Abdul Hakim Murad to the US to begin
plotting the 1st World Trade Center attack.
(WSJ, 8/6/04, p.A6)
1992 In Pakistan a woman and
her two children were killed in an alleged robbery attempt. Gulam
Mustafa was convicted in the case, but was later pardoned by the
family. Aftab Bahadur (15) was also convicted and sentenced to
death. In 2015 two witnesses in the case recanted their statement
and declared Bahadur innocent. On June 10, 2015 Bahadur was hanged
in Lahore’s Kot Lakhpat Jail.
(SFC, 6/11/15, p.A6)
1992 Paraguayan secret police
archives first revealed the 1976 Condor Plan.
(SFC, 11/23/99, p.A16)
1992 In Peru the Shining Path
guerilla leader Abimael Guzman was captured by police chief Ketin
(SFC, 9/17/96, p.A11)
1992 In Peru Victor Polay,
chief of the Tupac Amaru guerrillas was captured.
(SFC, 12/18/96, p.A17)
1992 Former president Alan
Garcia fled Peru to avoid arrest by the Fujimori regime. In 2008
Peru's Cabinet chief testified at the trial of former President
Alberto Fujimori that security forces attempted to assassinate
two-time President Alan Garcia in 1992, when Fujimori was running
the country and Garcia was out of office.
(SFC, 1/19/01, p.D4)(AP, 1/18/08)
1992 In Peru Lt. Col. Ollanta
Humala commanded a jungle counterinsurgency base. In 2006 criminal
complaints accused Humala, a contender in presidential elections, of
forced disappearance, torture and attempted murder during his 1992
1992 Peru’s government sold
rights to the country’s annual vicuna production to Loro Piana, an
Italian textile manufacturer. Piana formed a consortium which agreed
to pay around $400 a kilogram (about 2 pounds) for the vicuna
(WSJ, 2/21/07, p.A14)
1992 China’s Shougang company
bought an iron ore mine in Peru. This was China’s first investment
in the region.
(Econ, 8/15/09, p.20)
1992 Philippine Airlines was
sold to tycoon Lucio Tan, but the government retained a 20%
(WSJ, 6/9/98, p.A14)
1992 In Puerto Rico two
toddlers, ages 2 and 3, were killed. The mother of Eliezer Marquez
Navedo (17) was convicted. She was sentenced to 26 years in prison
but paroled for good behavior after seven. In 2009 Eliezer Marquez
Navedo was charged with the murder of an American tourist.
1992 In the Republic of the
Congo Sassou-Nguesso relinquished power after an elections loss to
Pascal Lissouba. He maintained a private militia known as the Cobras
in his northern domain.
(SFC, 6/10/97, p.A12)
1992 Alexandre Konanykhine, a
director of the Russian Exchange Bank, allegedly stole $8.1 mil
through falsified financial transactions and fled the country with
his wife. They were arrested in the US in 1996.
(WP. 6/29/96, p.A1)
1992 Vice-Mayor Yuri Luzhkov
was elected as Mayor of Moscow. Under his lead Moscow began
acquiring stakes in privatized companies. By 2010 his wife had
become the richest woman in Russia by means of her construction
business. She denied that her success was related to her husband’s
(WSJ, 5/20/99, p.A14)(Econ, 2/6/10, p.57)
1992 In Russia the tax police
force was established to fight tax crime. A TV show based on their
fictional exploits began production in 1998.
(SFC, 6/26/98, p.D2)
1992 In Russia the Golden ADA
company was set up to export diamonds to the West. Yevgeny Bychkov,
head of the Russian Committee on Precious Metals and Gems, arranged
a $180 million shipment to Golden ADA. Andrei Kozlekov and
associates sold the shipment and moved to San Francisco. Kozlekov
was returned to Moscow in 1998 to face charges of stealing.
(SFC, 6/20/98, p.B1)
1992 KGB archivist Vasili
Mitrokhin walked into the British embassy in Riga with copies of
intelligence files he had smuggled out of Russia. Mitrokhin defected
to British intelligence and brought along 6 trunkfuls of KGB files.
The pages of the “Mitrokhin Archive" were published in 1999.
(SFEC, 9/12/99, p.A16)(Econ, 11/12/16, SR p.3)
1992 Russian reactionaries
fought against the Soviet breakup and repulsed Moldova’s bid to hold
on to Transdniestria. A civil war with Moldova left up to 700 people
(WSJ, 7/8/97, p.A1,8)(Econ, 1/29/05, p.52)(SSFC,
1992 In Saudi Arabia King Fahd
decreed a basic law that for the 1st time outlined an institutional
structure for the country. A law was passed that allowed the king to
name any of his brothers or nephews as a successor, and to replace
him at will.
(WSJ, 9/25/02, p.A11)(Econ, 1/7/06, Survey p.6)
1992 Pierre Sane of Senegal
became the secretary-general of Amnesty Int’l.
(SFC, 10/21/98, p.A10)
1992 In Sierra Leone Valentine
Strasser (25) took over rule in a coup, that toppled Pres. Joseph
Momoh, and became the world’s youngest head of state.
(WSJ, 1/17/96, p.A-1)(SFC, 2/21/98, p.A9)(SFC,
1992 A UN arms embargo was
imposed in Somalia.
1992 In South Korea Chung Ju
Yung, founder of Hyundai Group, formed his own political party and
ran against Kim Young Sam.
(WSJ, 8/27/96, p.A11)
1992 In South Korea Kim Young
Sam won the presidency, the first democratically elected civilian in
(WSJ, 8/27/96, p.A1)
1992 The two Koreas agreed in a
pact to continue talks to demarcate the sea border while respecting
the Northern Limit Line (NLL) until a new border is set.
1992 A South Korean sex worker
was killed by an American soldier. In 2017 filmmaker Gina Kim
brought the murder to life in "Bloodless," a 12-minute piece that
won the award for best VR story at this year's Venice Film Festival.
1992 In Spain the suspension
bridge El Puente de las Oblatas was built over the Arga River.
(SSFC, 6/16/02, p.C7)
1992 Spain signed accords with
Islamic, Jewish and Protestant representatives.
(Econ, 7/30/05, p.46)
1992 Leaders of the Basque
Separatist Group (ETA) were captured. The acronym stands for Basque
Homeland and Liberty.
(WSJ, 1/3/96, p.A-6)
1992 Spain opened its first
high-speed rail line, the Alta Velocidad Espanola (AVE), between
Madrid and Seville.
(WSJ, 4/20/09, p.A12)
1992 Eduardo Barreiros
(b.1919), Spanish businessman, died in Havana. He was Spain’s most
important businessman during the middle years of the Franco
dictatorship. In 2009 Hugh Thomas authored “Eduardo Barreiros and
the Recovery of Spain."
1992 Sweden rescued its banking
system pushing its gross public debt up to 73% of its GDP from 55% a
year earlier. Sweden set up 2 bad banks to handle the crummier
assets of Nordbanken and Gota Bank, which were nationalized. The
eventual cost of the bailout was kept under 2% of GDP. Nordbanken
was partly refloated in 1995, but the state remained its largest
shareholder. In 2001 Nordbanken was combined with Danish, Norwegian
and Finnish lenders to create Nordea.
(Econ, 10/11/08, p.100)(Econ, 11/29/08,
p.76)(Econ, 5/16/09, SR p.5)(Econ 5/6/17, SR p.15)
1992 Switzerland outlawed
capital punishment for the Swiss military.
(SFC, 7/20/12, p.A2)
1992 In Zurich, Switzerland, a
festival was begun known as the Street Parade to celebrate techno
music under the motto: "Love, peace and tolerance." From 2,000
people at the first event it grew to some 400,000 by 1997.
(SFC, 8/18/97, p.E4)
1992 Scientists at Novartis
synthesized the compound that would become Gleevec (Glivec). It had
been identified as promising compound for treating leukemia. In
2001, the US FDA approved Gleevec for chronic myeloid leukemia
1992 Syria’s Pres. Assad
allowed many Syrian Jews to travel abroad freely after nearly 45
years of official prohibition from leaving the country.
(SSFC, 6/28/09, p.A8)
1992 Civil war and fighting
between Tajikistan’s Russian-backed government and rebels began. It
lasted to 1997.
(WSJ, 7/11/96, p.A10)(SFC, 12/5/96, p.C5)(SFC,
1992 Tunisia’s Pres. Zine
al-Abidine Ben Ali banned the Islamist Ennahda party.
1992 Turkey organized a
regional alphabet congress and academics agreed to a 34-character
Latin alphabet based on Turkish script.
(WSJ, 10/24/00, p.A12)
1992 Turkey’s Pres. Turgut Ozal
(d.1993) envisioned the Black Sea as a zone of peace and
cooperation. This led to the formation of the Istanbul-based
organization for Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC).
(Econ, 5/28/05, p.54)
1992 In Turkmenistan Saparmurad
Niyazov was elected president. He suppressed opponents, restricted
free speech and controlled all branches of government.
(SFC, 11/8/96, p.A14)
1992 Uganda liberalized its
(Econ, 3/26/15, p.81)
1992 In Uganda the Foundation
for Int’l. Community Assistance (FINCA) Banking on the Poor, based
in Washington, began working. It made small loans to women who began
(SFC, 3/24/98, p.A12)
1992 In Uganda the Lord’s
Resistance led by Joseph Kony began kidnapping boys and girls to act
as laborers, sex slaves and fighters.
1992 The Ukrainian Orthodox
Church of the Kiev Patriarchate separated from the Russian Orthodox
Church following Ukraine's independence.
1992 Sevastopol was opened to
the outside world.
1992 UNESCO established the
Memory of the World Program.
1992 Pope John Paul II founded
the Mater Ecclesia convent as a prayerful counterweight to the
worldliness of the Roman Curia.
(Econ, 2/16/13, p.61)
1992 In Venezuela Irene Saez,
the Miss Universe of 1981, was elected mayor of Chacao. By 1997 she
was being considered for national leadership.
(SFC, 8/19/97, p.A8)
1992 In Venezuela Victor Vargas
sold a small bank he helped for to Banco Latino, one of Venezuela’s
biggest banks. In 1994 Banco Latino collapsed as a run on deposits
exposed questionable loans.
(WSJ, 1/29/08, p.A14)
1992 In Yemen 2 hotel bombs
directed at US servicemen killed 2 Australians. The bombing was
later linked to Osama bin Laden, the scion of a wealthy Saudi
family. He was stripped of his Saudi citizenship in 1994.
(SFC, 8/14/96, p.A10,12)
1992-1993 In the US an AMA study showed that
doctors in group practice began to outnumber solo practitioners
about this time.
(WSJ, 8/21/96, p.A1)
1992-1993 Bosnian Croats attacked the Lasva Valley
area of central Bosnia. In 1996 nine men were charged with war
crimes by the UN tribunal on war crimes. 3 Bosnian Croats were later
released for insufficient evidence.
(SFC, 6/28/96, p.A13)(SFC,12/20/97, p.A10)
1992-1993 Separatists in the northwestern province
of Abkhazia took over control by war. War between Abkhaz forces and
Georgians killed 10,000 and left the Black Sea region as a de facto
independent but unrecognized state. In the siege of Sukhumi Abkhaz
rebels encircled the capital of the region.
(SFC, 2/21/98, p.A10)(SFC, 5/26/98, p.A8)(WSJ,
1992-1993 In Vietnam Nguyen Dinh Huy founded the
"Movement to Unite the People and Build Democracy" after 7 years in
prison for opposing communist rule. He was arrested 6 months after
release and was tried in 1995 and convicted of subversion.
(SFC, 1/20/98, p.A17)
1992-1994 Major Gen'l. Stanislav Galic led the
Bosnian Serb Sarayevo Romanija Corps. In 1999 Ganic was captured by
NATO SFOR troops for war crimes. In 2003 Gen. Galic was sentenced to
20 years in prison.
(SFC, 12/21/99, p.A16)(SFC, 12/6/03, p.A11)
1992-1994 Emmanuel Constant was a paid agent of
the US CIA in Haiti.
(SFEC, 10/13/96, p.A15)
1992-1994 Croat Gen. Tihomir Blaskic ordered a
series of attacks on Muslim villagers in Bosnia as his forces tried
to secure the area for Croatia. In 2000 a UN Tribunal sentenced
Blaskic to 45 years in prison for war crimes. In 2004 the sentence
was reduced to 9 years.
(SFC, 3/4/00, p.A10)(WSJ, 7/30/04, p.A1)
1992-1994 In Mexico bank records showed that Raul
Salinas de Gortari made more than 150 cash deposits totaling $80
million in the Mexico City branch Banca Cremi.
(WSJ, 5/30/97, p.A1)
1992-1994 In Mexico the Fund for Bank Savings
Protection (Fobaproa) was set up. It was used to absorb bad loans as
the country’s banks were being privatized.
(SFC, 8/3/98, p.A13)
1992-1994 In Somalia Italian Warrant Officer
Francesco Aloi kept a diary while on duty and documented instances
of rape, torture and other brutality against the Somalis.
(SFC, 1/26/98, p.A10)
1992-1994 Russia's Alexander Lebed commanded
troops in Moldova’s break-away region of Transdniestria, where
ethnic conflict rose between the Moldovan government and Slav
separatists. He ended the bloodshed there.
(SFC, 10/18/96, A18)
1992-1995 Teenage drug use doubled over this
(WSJ, 8/21/96, p.A1)
1992-1995 In the Pacific Northwest a series of
arson fires at abortion clinics that caused over $1 million in
damage was later attributed to Richard Thomas Andrews of Wenatchee,
Wa. Andrews was arrested Jun 26, 1996 and pleaded guilty in 1998.
(SFC, 2/11/98, p.A7)
1992-1995 In 2000 Joe Sacco published "Safe Area
Gorazde: The War in Eastern Bosnia 1992-1995," a comic book
reportage on the breakup of Yugoslavia.
(SFEC, 7/2/00, BR p.4)
1992-1995 Gen'l. Momir Talic of Bosnia commanded
the 1st Krajina Corps. Talic and Radoslav Brdjanin planned and
ordered a terror offensive early in the war that killed hundreds of
Muslims and Croats and forced thousands to flee Prijedor a d Sanski.
Talic was arrested in Austria in 1999 on a secret UN war crimes
indictment. Both men pleaded not guilty to 12 counts of genocide at
the Hague. During the 3 ½ years of war some 200,000 Bosnians were
dead or missing and an estimated 20,000 women were raped. In 2004
Brdjanin was convicted on 8 of 12 charges and sentenced to 32 years
(SFC, 8/26/99, p.A12)(SFC, 1/12/00, p.A11)(SFC,
3/30/00, p.A18)(SFC, 9/2/04, p.A11)
1992-1995 The war between Bosnia's Croats, Muslims
and Serbs claimed some 100,000 lives. Government officials estimated
that at least 20,000 mostly Muslim women were raped during the
1992-1995 In Thailand Chuan Leekpai served as
Prime Minister until a land scandal split his coalition and the
1992-1996 Conor O’Clery covered this period in his
1997 book "Daring Diplomacy," on how the US played a role in the
search for peace in Northern Ireland.
(SFEC, 6/15/97, BR p.6)
1992-1996 Giorgio Pressberger was the artistic
director for the MittelFest, a theater and musical festival in
Cividale del Friuli that links Italy with nine central European
(WSJ, 8/20/96, p.A8)
1992-1996 Boutros Boutros-Ghali of Egypt served as
the Secretary-General of the UN.
(SFC, 12/14/96, p.A1)
1992-1996 Nicolae Vacaroiu led Romania’s
authoritarian ex-communist government.
(Econ, 4/28/07, p.61)
1992-2000 Environmental groups say wealthy
landowners and power brokers, profiting from logging Mexico’s
Petatlan Sierra, destroyed 40 percent of 558,000 acres of woodland,
some of the worst deforestation on the planet. In 2005 after a
month-long blockade by peasants, Boise Cascade canceled contracts
for massive cutting operations in the Petatlan mountains, citing
supply problems, and 15 logging permits were revoked. Since then at
least a dozen peasant leaders have been targeted. Some have been
arrested and jailed on what are widely seen as bogus charges
engineered by political and economic interests profiting from
logging. Others have gone into hiding and some have been killed.
1992-2002 India grew at an average annual rate of
(Econ, 12/13/08, SR p.8)