1993 Jan 1,
President Bush continued to tour Somalia, greeting hundreds of
cheering youngsters and foreign relief workers at an orphanage in
1993 Jan 1, Czechoslovakia
peacefully split into two new countries, the Czech Republic and
Slovakia. The Slovak people never voted on the 1993 split with the
(WSJ, 4/26/96, p.A-1)(AP, 1/1/98)(AP, 9/21/02)
1993 Jan 2, President Bush
arrived in Moscow to sign a strategic arms treaty with Russian
President Boris Yeltsin, who hailed the agreement as "our joint gift
to the people of the Earth."
1993 Jan 2, Leaders of the
three warring ethnic groups in Bosnia-Herzegovina met face-to-face
1993 Jan 3, The START II Treaty
was signed between the US and Russia by President Bush and Russian
President Boris Yeltsin. It was to eliminate land-based
multiple-warhead missiles and reduce the long-range nuclear
arsenals. The treaty was not ratified by the Russian parliament.
(SFEC, 12/1/96, Par p.6)(AP, 1/3/98)(SFC,
1993 Jan 3, Three days after he
was jeered in Sarajevo, U.N. Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali
took refuge from angry Somalis in Mogadishu.
1993 Jan 4, President-elect
Clinton spoke by telephone with Russian President Boris Yeltsin
about the newly signed START II treaty; Clinton pledged to do all he
could to get early ratification.
1993 Jan 4, Junk bond king
Michael Milken was released from jail after 22 months.
1993 Jan 5, The state of
Washington executed Westley Allan Dodd, an admitted child sex
killer, in America's first legal hanging since 1965.
1993 Jan 5, The Braer, a
Liberian-registered tanker, ran aground in Scotland's Shetland
Islands, spilling some 26 million gallons of light crude oil.
(AP, 1/5/98)(SFC, 11/20/02, p.A14)
1993 Jan 6, Authorities rescued
Jennifer Stolpa and infant son after her husband found help after an
eight-day ordeal in the snow-covered Nevada desert.
1993 Jan 6, Jazz trumpeter
Dizzy Gillespie died in Englewood, N.J., at age 75. In 1999 Alyn
Shipton published "Groovin' High: The Life of Dizzy Gillespie."
(SFEC, 7/27/97, DB p.34)(AP, 1/6/98)(SFEC,
8/29/99, BR p.4)
1993 Jan 6, Ballet dancer
Rudolf Nureyev died of AIDS in Paris at age 54. In 1961 his
defection from the Soviet Union made headline news. In 2007 Julie
Kavanagh authored “Nureyev: The Life."
(AP, 1/6/98)(WSJ, 10/1/98, p.A20)(SSFC, 10/14/07,
1993 Jan 7, The US claimed that
Saddam Hussein moved surface-to-air missiles into southern Iraq.
Baghdad refused to remove them and allied warplanes attacked the
missile sites and warships fired cruise missiles at a nuclear
facility near Baghdad.
(SFC, 9/4/96, p.A8)
1993 Jan 7, US forces in
Somalia unleashed tank, helicopter and rocket fire on two clan camps
in Mogadishu where snipers had been taking potshots at the troops.
Cpl. James Perciavalle of Leetsdale, Pa., became the 1st US Marine
wounded by friendly fire in Somalia.
(AP, 1/7/98)(Sewickley Herald (Pa), 3/3/93, p.11)
1993 Jan 7, In San Francisco
the number of people dying from AIDS passed 10,000.
(SSFC, 1/7/18, DB p.53)
1993 Jan 7, A preliminary
report prepared for the European Community said Serb fighters may
have raped about 20,000 women in Bosnia-Herzegovina.
1993 Jan 8, At post offices
across America, commemorative Elvis Presley stamps went on sale on
what would have been "the King's" 58th birthday.
1993 Jan 8, In Palatine, a
suburb of Chicago, 7 people were shot to death at a fried chicken
restaurant. The victims were forced into two walk-in coolers and
shot a total of 24 times with a .38. Some were also stabbed and one
had their throat slit. Their bodies were found the next day. On May
16, 2002, Juan Luna (28) and James Degorski (29) were arrested and
confessed to the killings. "They just did it to do something big."
In 2009 Degorski was convicted in the slayings of 7 people.
1993 Jan 8, Bosnian deputy
Prime Minister Hakija Turajlic was shot 7-8 times and killed by Serb
gunmen in the presence of French peacekeepers while riding in a UN
personnel carrier at a Serb checkpoint near the Serajevo airport. In
1998 government agents arrested Goran Vasic, the suspected gunman of
(WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A14)(AP, 1/8/98)(SFC, 2/7/98,
1993 Jan 8, Asif Nawaz Khan
Janjua (56), Pakistan’s 10th Chief of Army, died under mysterious
circumstances while jogging near his home in Rawalpindi. His widow
later accused the government of poisoning her husband.
1993 Jan 9, Felix Grucci (87),
fireworks expert, died of Alzheimer's disease.
1993 Jan 9, In France
Jean-Claude Romand killed his parents, wife and children in an
effort to save his pride following years of lies. He had spent
nearly 20 years pretending he was a successful doctor and researcher
working for the Geneva-based World Health Organization. In 2001
Emmanuel Carrere authored “The Adversary: A True Story of Murder and
6/9/07, p.P8)(AFP, 6/28/19)
1993 Jan 9, Two Red Cross
officials visited a camp of Palestinians who had been deported by
Israel to a no man's land in southern Lebanon.
1993 Jan 10, An unidentified
62-year-old man at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center
underwent the world's second baboon liver transplant. The man died
less than a month later without regaining full consciousness.
1993 Jan 11, Former independent
presidential candidate Ross Perot publicly returned to politics,
recruiting Americans for a watchdog group that, he told CNN, would
counter special interests that were preventing government reform and
1993 Jan 13, American and
allied warplanes raided southern Iraq.
1993 Jan 13, The space shuttle
Endeavor blasted off from Cape Canaveral.
1993 Jan 13, Marine Pvt. 1st
Class Domingo Arroyo became the first U.S. serviceman to be killed
1993 Jan 13, Former East German
leader Erich Honecker was freed from prison and allowed to leave for
1993 Jan 14, Retreating from a
campaign promise, President-elect Clinton said he would continue
President Bush's policy of forcibly returning Haitian boat people to
1993 Jan 14, Talk show host
David Letterman announced he was moving from NBC to CBS.
1993 Jan 14, In Colombia the
Galeras Volcano erupted as 15 people gathered at the crater. Only 6
survived. In 2001 Stanley Williams and Fen Montaigne authored
(WSJ, 4/20/01, p.W12)
1993 Jan 15, Lyricist Sammy
Cahn, who wrote the words to "Call me Irresponsible" and "High
Hopes," died in Los Angeles at age 79.
1993 Jan 15, In Paris a
historic disarmament ceremony ended with the last of 125 countries
signing a treaty banning chemical weapons.
1993 Jan 15, A 7.5 earthquake
struck northern Japan and 2 people died.
1993 Jan 15, In Sicily
Salvatore "The Beast" Riina was arrested. "Toto" Riina, the Sicilian
boss of bosses, was arrested for his role in the murder of
prosecutor Giovanni Falcone. Bernardo Provenzano was considered to
have taken over as boss of the Sicilian Mafia following Riina’s
arrest. Provenzano’s right-hand man was Mariano Troia.
p.14A)(www.answers.com/topic/salvatore-riina)(SFC, 1/22/00, p.A11)
1993 Jan 16, US Attorney
General-designate Zoe Baird and her husband paid a $2,900 fine for
employing illegal aliens in their home. Controversy over the hirings
derailed her nomination.
1993 Jan 16, Glenn Corbett
(63), US actor (Shenandoah, Chisum, Midway), died.
1993 Jan 17, The United States,
accusing Iraq of a series of military provocations, unleashed
Tomahawk missiles against a military complex eight miles from
downtown Baghdad. President-elect Clinton, arriving in Washington
for his inauguration, backed the action.
1993 Jan 17, Albert Hourani
(b.1915), British academic of Lebanese origin, died. His books
included “A History of the Arab Peoples" (1991).
1993 Jan 18, Allied warplanes
attacked targets in "no fly" zones in southern and northern Iraq.
1993 Jan 18, The Martin Luther
King Jr. holiday was observed in all 50 states for the first time.
1993 Jan 19, US Attorney
General-designate Zoe Baird apologized to the Senate Judiciary
Committee for hiring illegal aliens as domestic help.
1993 Jan 19, The first American
combat troops flew home from their humanitarian mission in Somalia.
1993 Jan 19, IBM announced a
$4.97 billion loss for 1992, which was at that time the largest
single-year corporate loss in United States history.
1993 Jan 19, Israel recognized
the PLO as no longer criminal.
1993 Jan 20, Bill Clinton
was sworn in as the 42nd president of the United States; Al Gore was
sworn in as vice president. The Senate confirmed Lloyd Bentsen as
treasury secretary, Les Aspin as defense secretary and Warren
Christopher as secretary of state. That night, Clinton picked up a
saxophone and jammed at five of the 12 inaugural balls he and his
wife, Hillary, attended. Christopher served for 4 years and in 1998
published "In the Stream of History: Shaping Foreign Policy for a
new Era," a compilation of 41 of his major speeches.
(SFC, 11/8/96, p.C6)(SFEC, 11/17/96, Par p.2)(AP,
1/20/98)(SFEC, 7/12/98, BR p.3)
1993 Jan 20, Audrey Hepburn,
actress died in Switzerland at age 63. The 8th biography of her life
was written by Barry Paris in 1996.
(SFC, 11/8/96, p.C6)(AP, 1/20/98)
1993 Jan 21, Congressman Mike
Espy of Mississippi was confirmed as Secretary of the Department of
1993 Jan 21, Two U.S. warplanes
bombed a defense site in northern Iraq after radar was turned on
them. Iraq denied provoking the attack.
1993 Jan 22, President Clinton
resumed his search for an attorney general, following the
early-morning withdrawal of nominee Zoe Baird in the face of a
complaints over her hiring of illegal aliens. Clinton reversed the
federal policy barring the mention of abortion by doctors in
federally financed institutions.
(AP, 1/22/98)(SFC, 9/13/01, p.C7)
1993 Jan 22, On the 20th
anniversary of the Roe vs. Wade decision, President Clinton lifted a
series of abortion restrictions imposed by his Republican
1993 Jan 22, Donna E. Shalala
became US Secretary of Health and Human Services (HHS).
1993 Jan 22, Norwegian Air
Shuttle was founded by Bjorn Kjos to take over the regional airline
services produced by Busy Bee for Braathens in Western Norway.
1993 Jan 23, FBI Director
William S. Sessions dismissed a Justice Department report accusing
him of ethical abuses, accusing former Attorney General William P.
Barr of a "crassly calculated attack."
1993 Jan 24, Thurgood Marshall
(b.1908) died in Bethesda, Md., at age 84. He served on the US
Supreme from 1967-1991. As a civil rights lawyer in the 1950s he had
maintained a confidential relationship with the FBI. In 1997 Mark V.
Tushnet published the book: "Making constitutional Law: Thurgood
Marshall and the Supreme Court."
(SFC, 12/3/96, p.A3)(WSJ, 7/24/97, p.A16)(AP,
1993 Jan 25, President Clinton
appointed his wife, Hillary, to head a committee on health-care
1993 Jan 25, Sears announced it
was closing its catalog sales dept after 97 years.
1993 Jan 25, Five commuters
were shot outside the gates of the US CIA headquarters in Langley,
Va. Two people died. Mir [Amil] Aimal Kasi, a Pakistani national,
was tracked down for the shooting in 1997 in Afghanistan and
returned to the US. He was convicted of murder in 1997 and was
executed Nov 14, 2002.
(SFC, 6/18/97, p.A3)(SFC, 11/11/97, p.A3)(SFC,
11/15/97, p.A3)(AP, 1/25/98)(SFC, 11/15/02, p.A3)
1993 Jan 25, Lance Cpl. Anthony
D. Botello (21) of Wilburton, Oklahoma, was killed by a sniper in
1993 Jan 26, U.N.
Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali called on the Security
Council to take "whatever measures are necessary" to compel Israel
to readmit 400 deported Palestinians.
1993 Jan 26, Former
Czechoslovak President Vaclav Havel was elected president of the new
1993 Jan 27, The US Commerce
Department imposed temporary tariffs on steel imports from 19
countries, drawing sharp criticism from some of the affected
1993 Jan 27, US warships fired
24 cruise missiles at Baghdad in retaliation for what the US called
a plot to assassinate former Pres. Bush. Iraq said 8 people were
(SFC, 2/24/98, p.A9)
1993 Jan 27, Mumcu, a reporter
for the secular daily Cumhuriyet, was killed by a car bomb while he
was in his vehicle outside his home in Ankara, Turkey. Among groups
that have claimed responsibility are the Islamic Liberation
Organization, the Raiders of Islamic Great East, and Islamic Jihad.
1993 Jan 28, The Israeli
Supreme Court unanimously upheld the deportations of 400
Palestinians from the occupied territories to Lebanon.
1993 Jan 29, President Clinton
announced that he was ordering the draft of a formal directive by
July 15 to end the longstanding ban on homosexuals in the U.S.
1993 Jan 30, Los Angeles
inaugurated its Metro Red Line, the city's first modern subway.
1993 Jan 30, A car bombing in
Bogota, Colombia, killed at least 20 people.
1993 Jan 30, On the 60th
anniversary of Hitler's swearing-in as chancellor of Germany, more
than 300,000 Germans carried candles to denounce the Nazi era.
1993 Jan 31, The Dallas Cowboys
defeated the Buffalo Bills 52-17 in Super Bowl XXVII, played at the
Rose Bowl in Pasadena, Calif.
1993 Jan 31, A gamma ray burst
that exceeded the NASA’s detector capability for measurement took
place on the same day as the football Super Bowl.
(SFC, 1/28/97, p.E1)(NH, 6/97, p.79)
1993 Jan, Wired Magazine in SF
published its first issue under Louis Rossetto and Jane Metcalf as a
bimonthly with 12 employees. The 1st issue featured a cover story on
the military's use of computer war simulations and sold 100,000
copies. In 1998 the monthly magazine was sold to S.I. Newhouse's
Advance Publications for $90 million. Before the end of the year it
became a monthly. In 2003 Gary Wolf authored "Wired: A Romance," the
story of Wired and its 1996 IPO.
(SFEC, 1/18/98, p.C1)(SFEC, 5/10/98, p.B1)(SFC,
6/7/99, p.E1)(WSJ, 7/9/03, p.D8)
1993 Jan, In Florida Bonnie
Haim was murdered by her husband. Their son Aaron (3) told police
his father had shot his mother but her body was not found. In 2014
Aaron found his mother's remains while removing a pool at his
Jacksonville home, acquired in a wrongful death suit against his
father. In 2019 Michael Haim was convicted of 2nd-degree murder.
1993 Jan, Heavy fighting and
the bitter Serb siege of Serajevo continued. The UN and European
Union peace efforts failed and war broke out between Muslims and
Croats in Bosnia.
(SFC, 10/16/97, p.A12)
1993 Jan, In Bosnia on the
Orthodox Christmas Day Muslim forces in Kravica killed at least 30
(Econ, 7/25/05, p.18)
1993 Jan, Edward John Maher, a
British armored car driver, disappeared after driving off with $1.5
million. He was arrested on Feb 8, 2012, in the small town of Ozark,
Missouri. On May 11 he agreed to be deported to Britain. On Feb 5,
2013, he was sentenced in London to five years in jail.
(SFC, 2/10/12, p.A8)(AFP, 5/12/12)(AP, 3/5/13)
1993 Feb 1, Israeli Prime
Minister Yitzhak Rabin announced that his country would repatriate
about 100 Palestinians deported to Lebanon, an offer rejected by the
1993 Feb 2, In a speech to the
National Governors' Association, President Clinton pledged to
transform welfare into a "hand up, not a handout" by giving
recipients training and then requiring them to work.
1993 Feb 2, IRS and Willie
Nelson settled on $9M tax bill (of $16.7M). In November 1990 the IRS
had raided Willie Nelson's home in Texas and seized everything. The
IRS auctioned off Nelson's home and his property, though friends and
fans bought most of his things and gave them back later.
1993 Feb 2, Vaclav Havel,
president of Czechoslovakia, began serving as the first president of
the Czech Rep. He served 2 terms to 2003.
1993 Feb 3, Marge Schott was
suspended as Cincinnati Reds owner for one year for repeatedly using
racial and ethnic slurs. The suspension was lifted after eight
1993 Feb 3, In Los Angeles, the
federal trial began for four police officers charged with civil
rights violations in the videotaped beating of Rodney King.
1993 Feb 4, A jury in Atlanta
found General Motors negligent in the fuel-tank design of a pickup
truck and awarded $105.2 million to the parents of a teen-ager
killed in a fiery 1989 crash. The negligence verdict was later
overturned, and the parents of Shannon Moseley reached an
out-of-court settlement with GM.
1993 Feb 5, Federal judge Kimba
Wood, President Clinton's expected choice for attorney general,
withdrew from consideration, saying her baby sitter had been an
illegal alien for seven years.
1993 Feb 6, Tennis
Hall-of-Famer and human rights advocate Arthur Ashe died of AIDS in
New York at age 49. He was the first black man to win the Wimbledon
(SFC, 7/4/96, p.A3)(AP, 2/6/97)
1993 Feb 7, Commerce Secretary
Ron Brown acknowledged on NBC's "Meet the Press" that he'd failed to
pay Social Security taxes for a domestic worker.
1993 Feb 8, General Motors sued
NBC, alleging that the "Dateline NBC" program had rigged two
car-truck crashes to show that 1973-1987 GM pickups were prone to
fires in side impact crashes. NBC settled the lawsuit the following
1993 Feb 9, In Arkansas Debra
Reese (26) was murdered. Ledell Lee was sentenced to death in
October 1995 in Pulaski County, Arkansas, after he was convicted of
murdering Reese. He maintained his innocence from the time of his
arrest until his April 20, 2017, execution. In 2021 attorneys
working on behalf of Lee's family said they have uncovered new DNA
profiles that belong to someone else.
1993 Feb 9, NBC News announced
it had settled a defamation lawsuit brought by General Motors over
the network's "inappropriate demonstration" of a fiery pickup truck
crash on its "Dateline NBC" program.
1993 Feb 9, Saburo Okita
(b.1914), Japanese economist and former foreign minister (1979-80),
died. He to a large part introduced the “flying geese" pattern of
economic development to the Western political and business
audiences. Kaname Akamatsu, Japanese economist, had developed the
multi-tier hierarchical 'flying geese' model in the 1930s to
describe how industrialization spreads from developed countries to
the developing countries.
1993 Feb 10, The Clinton
administration said U.S. troops could be sent to enforce peace in
former Yugoslavia provided warring factions there negotiated a
1993 Feb 11, President Clinton
announced his choice of Miami prosecutor Janet Reno to be the
nation's first female attorney general, after two earlier candidates
stumbled because they'd hired illegal aliens.
1993 Feb 11, In Afghanistan
some 800 Hazzara civilians were massacred in the Afshar district of
(Econ, 2/17/07, p.45)(http://tinyurl.com/34h7bu)
1993 Feb 12, In a crime that
shocked Britons, two 10-year-old boys, Jon Venables and Robert
Thompson, lured 2-year-old James Bulger from his mother at a
shopping mall in Liverpool, England, then beat him to death and left
his battered body on a railway track. The 2 boys were later
sentenced to serve 8 years in prison. The sentence was later
increased to 10 years and then 15 years. After 8 years in a
reformatory, Thompson and Venables were released in 2001, after a
parole board found they no longer posed a danger to the public.
Venables returned to jail in 2010 after pleading guilty to
downloading and distributing child pornography, only to be returned
again in November 2017 after allegedly being caught with child abuse
(SFC, 4/18/96, p.A-12)(SFC, 12/17/99, p.D5)(SFC,
6/23/01, p.A8)(AP, 2/12/03)(AFP, 1/5/18)
1993 Feb 13, The government of
Bosnia-Herzegovina began blocking the distribution of food in the
capital of Sarajevo to protest ineffective international attempts to
stop the war.
1993 Feb 14, The body of James
Bulger, a 2-year-old boy who had been lured away from his mother in
a Liverpool, England, shopping mall two days earlier, was found
along a stretch of railroad track. Two boys (10), Robert Thompson
and Jon Venables, were later convicted of murdering James; they
spent eight years in detention before being paroled.
1993 Feb 15, President Clinton
issued an economic "call to arms," asking Americans to accept a
painful package of tax increases and spending cuts.
1993 Feb 16, Prices fell as
Wall Street reacted unfavorably to President Clinton's economic
austerity plan outlined in a White House address the night before.
1993 Feb 16-1993 Feb 17, An
overcrowded ferry carrying up to 1,500 people sank between Jeremie
and Port-au-Prince, Haiti, killing an estimated 500-700 people; only
285 people were known to have survived.
(AP, 2/17/98)(AP, 2/3/06)
1993 Feb 17, President Clinton
addressed a joint session of Congress, asking Americans to accept
one of the biggest tax increases in history as part of a plan to
stimulate the economy and curb massive budget deficits.
1993 Feb 18, President Clinton
hosted a campaign-style rally at St. Louis' Union Station to enlist
citizen support for his economic plan.
1993 Feb 19, President
Clinton's economic plan won praise from Federal Reserve Chairman
Alan Greenspan. The president, visiting Hyde Park, N.Y., suggested
the United States might have to consider a national sales tax "not
too long in the future," then said he'd meant in 10 years or so.
1993 Feb 19, Gerhard Gesell
(82), judge (Pentagon Papers), died of liver cancer.
1993 Feb 14, In San Francisco a
knife-wielding motorcyclist stabbed and killed Gordon McEntire (51)
outside the Saloon at 1232 Grant St. McEntire was owner of a boat
service and diving business in the Mission Rock area.
(SSFC, 2/18/18, DB p.50)
1993 Feb 20, Police in
Liverpool, England, charged two 10-year-old boys with the abduction
and slaying of toddler James Bulger, a crime that shocked the
country and terrified parents. Jon Venables and Robert Thompson were
1993 Feb 20, Ferrucio
Lamborghini (76), Italian auto-designer (Lamborghini, Miura), died.
1993 Feb 21, Four days after
suspending Bosnian relief operations because of interference from
Serbs, Muslims and Croats, U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees
Sadako Ogata ordered full resumption of the aid effort. U.N.
Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali had rebuked the suspension.
Feb 22, The UN passed Resolution 808 that established the Hague
Int'l. War Crimes Tribunal for the Prosecution of Persons
Responsible for Serious Violations of International Humanitarian Law
committed in the Territory of the Former Yugoslavia since 1 January
1993 Feb 23, President Clinton
won United Nations support for a plan to airdrop relief supplies to
starving Bosnians during an Oval Office meeting with
Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali.
1993 Feb 24, At the Grammy
Awards in Los Angeles, Eric Clapton won six trophies, including
album of the year for "Unplugged" and record and song of the year
for "Tears in Heaven."
1993 Feb 24, Canadian Prime
Minister Brian Mulroney announced he was stepping down.
1993 Feb 25, President Clinton
ordered the Pentagon to mount an airdrop of relief supplies into
1993 Feb 25, Kim Young-sam
(1927-2015) began serving as the 7th president of South Korea and
continued to 1998.
(Econ, 11/28/15, p.37)
1993 Feb 26, The parking garage
of the 107-story World Trade Center was bombed in NYC by terrorists.
The bombing killed 6 and injured over 1000 people. 4 Islamic
extremists were convicted and each sentenced to 240 years in prison.
Militant Muslims Ramzi Yousef and Eyad Ismoil fled the country.
Yousef was captured in Pakistan in 1995 and Ismoil was picked up in
Jordan. The two were convicted in 1997 of conspiracy. In 1998 Yousef
was sentenced to life plus 240 years in prison after declaring: "I
am a terrorist and I am proud of it." Ismoil was sentenced to 240
years in prison. In 2000 Laurie Mylroie authored "Study of Revenge,"
an investigation of the bombing.
(WSJ, 10/24/96, p.A16)(SFC, 1/9/98, p.A2)(AP,
2/26/98)(SFC, 4/4/98, p.A3)(WSJ, 10/24/01, p.A20)
1993 Feb 26, In Egypt a bomb in
a coffee shop killed 3 people and injured 18 In Cairo.
(SFC, 11/19/97, p.C2)
1993 Feb 27, President Clinton,
in his weekly radio address, promised to find out who was behind the
huge explosion at New York City's World Trade Center, a bombing
later blamed on Islamic militants.
1993 Feb 27, Jose Duval (72),
actor and singer, died. He played coffee pitchman Juan Valdez.
1993 Feb 27, Actress Lillian
Gish died in New York at age 99.
1993 Feb 28, Agents of the
Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms raided the ranch of the
Branch Davidian sect under David Koresh in Waco, Texas. A shootout
followed when Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms agents tried
to serve warrants on the Branch Davidians; four agents and six
Davidians were killed as a 51-day standoff began. In 1997 the film
"Waco: The Rules of Engagement" was released that documented the
(SFC, 2/28/97, p.D3)(AP, 2/28/98)
1993 Feb 28, Three U.S. planes
carried out the first mission to drop relief supplies over
Bosnia-Herzegovina. The US Operations Deny Flight, Provide Promise,
Deliberate Force, Decisive Edge, Joint Endeavour and others began in
Bosnia and Macedonia. They cost $9.7 billion to date in 1999 and
left 4 US casualties with 5 wounded.
(AP, 2/28/98)(WSJ, 9/22/99, p.A8)
1993 Feb 28, Ishiro Honda (81),
Japanese director, producer (Godzilla), died.
1993 Feb, Apple shipped its 10
millionth Mac computer.
(SFC, 1/24/04, p.A12)
1993 Feb, The UN declared safe
areas in Serajevo and five other Muslim enclaves in Bosnia.
(WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A14)
1993 Feb, A 15-year-old girl,
later identified as FWS-87 by the UN Hague war tribunal, was
enslaved, raped and tortured by countless soldiers and then sold for
$330 on this date to two soldiers. This was during the assault on
the town of Foca in 1992-1993. In 1998 Dragoljub Kunarac (37)
pleaded guilty to raping 4 Muslim women. Testimony by FWS-75 was
provided against him.
(SFC, 6/28/96, p.A13)(SFC, 3/10/98, p.A9)
1993 Feb, The Chinese A share
index in Shanghai rose to 10,000.
(Hem. 1/95, p. 49)
1993 Feb, Communists of all
stripes gathered in the village of Sorokino outside Moscow and
created the Communist Party of the Russian Federation, KPRF, and
chose Gennady Zyuganov to lead. The Russian Federation is made up of
89 regions, 21 of which are classified as republics. Udmurtiya, 650
miles east of Moscow, is a republic.
(SFC, 6/10/96, p.A16)(SFC, 3/25/97, p.A13)
1993 Feb, Lien Chan was named
premier of Taiwan.
(SFC, 8/29/97, p.A18)
1993 Mar 1, George Steinbrenner
was reinstated as owner of New York Yankees.
1993 Mar 1, The new expansion
NHL (hockey) team, owned by Disney, was named the Mighty Ducks.
1993 Mar 1, Authorities near
Waco, Texas, continued negotiating with Branch Davidians holed up in
their bullet-scarred compound, a day after a furious gun battle
between the Davidians and federal agents that left 10 people dead.
1993 Mar 1, Luis Kutner
(b.1908), US human rights activist, died. He and Peter Benenson
co-founded Amnesty International (1961).
1993 Mar 2, In the third day of
a standoff between federal agents and Branch Davidians near Waco,
Texas, local radio stations broadcast a taped statement in which the
group's leader, David Koresh, promised to surrender; however, the
1993 Mar 3, Howard Stern radio
show premiered in Boston on WBCN 104.1 FM-evenings.
1993 Mar 3, Albert Sabin (86),
physician, developer of the oral polio vaccine, died in Washington.
1993 Mar 4, "Goodbye Girl"
opened at Marquis Theater in NYC for 188 performances.
1993 Mar 4, Authorities
announced the arrest of Mohammad Salameh, a suspect in the bombing
of the World Trade Center in New York City. Salameh was later
convicted of playing a key role.
1993 Mar 6, As a standoff at
the Branch Davidian compound near Waco, Texas, ended its first week,
authorities appealed publicly to David Koresh and his followers to
give themselves up.
1993 Mar 7, Authorities said
David Koresh, the leader of the Branch Davidians, was becoming
irritable and had rejected proposals to end a week-long standoff at
his compound near Waco, Texas.
1993 Mar 8, On Wall Street, the
Dow Jones industrial average soared to a record high, climbing 64.84
to end the day at 3,469.42.
1993 Mar 8, Singer-bandleader
Billy Eckstine died in Pittsburgh at age 78.
1993 Mar 9, Janet Reno sailed
through her confirmation hearing en route to becoming the nation's
first female attorney general.
1993 Mar 9, Rodney King
testified at the federal trial of four Los Angeles police officers
accused of violating his civil rights, saying he'd been "attacked"
by the defendants.
1993 Mar 9, Bob Crosby
(b.1913), swing-era bandleader (Bobcats), died of cancer.
1993 Mar 9, The All Parties
Hurriyat Conference, a coalition of 26 parties, formed as a united
political front to raise the cause of Kashmiri separatism and
advocated separation from India by peaceful means.
1993 Mar 10, Authorities
announced the arrest of Nidal Ayyad, a second suspect in the bombing
of the World Trade Center in New York City.
1993 Mar 10, Dr. David Gunn
(47) was shot to death outside a Pensacola, Fla., abortion clinic by
Michael Griffin, who was convicted and sentenced to life.
(AP, 3/10/98)(SSFC, 1/19/03, p.A3)
1993 Mar 10, C. Northcote
Parkinson (b.1909), historian and sociologist, died in Canterbury,
England. In 1955 he authored an essay in The Economist that
described Parkinson's Law: "Work expands so as to fill the time
available for its completion."
1993 Mar 11, Janet Reno was
unanimously confirmed by the Senate to be attorney general.
1993 Mar 11, Dino Bravo
(b.1948), wrestler (WWF), was shot to death in Laval, Quebec,
Canada. Bravo, born as Adolfo Bresciano, was known as the “World’s
1993 Mar 11, North Korea
withdrew from the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty in a harsh rebuff
of Western demands to open suspected nuclear weapons development
sites for inspection. It later suspended its withdrawal.
(AP, 3/11/98)(AP, 4/24/03)
1993 Mar 12, Janet Reno was
sworn in as the first US female attorney general.
1993 Mar 12, In Bombay
(Mumbai), India, 13 bombs exploded killing 257 people. Abu Salem,
alleged terrorist mastermind, Mafia boss and one of India's most
wanted men, was arrested in Portugal in 2002. Salem was accused by
Indian police of being involved in the country's worst bombing
attack, as well as a string of murder and extortion cases. More than
100 people, most of them Muslims, were accused of involvement in the
attacks. In 2006 4 family members were found guilty in the first
verdict in the prosecution of India's deadliest terror attack. Asgar
Yusuf Mukadam and Shahnawaz Qureshi were convicted for murdering 10
people in one of the bombings. Abdul Turk (40) was convicted of
leaving an explosives-laden jeep in a crowded shopping and
residential area of Mumbai, killing 113 people and injuring scores.
In 2007 Parvez Shaikh, Mushtaq Tarani and Abdul Ghani Turk were
sentenced to death for planting explosives in Mumbai. Also sentenced
to death were Asgar Muqadam and Shahnawaz Qureshi for involvement in
placing bombs at a cinema in Mumbai and Shoaib Ghansar for
involvement in the bombing at the Zaveri Bazaar. Yakub Memon was
sentenced to death for playing a key role in procuring the weapons
and explosives used in the serial attacks. Memon was accused of
assisting his brother Tiger Memon and Dawood Ibrahim, the suspected
masterminds in a series of bombings.
(AP, 3/12/98)(AP, 9/20/02)(AP, 9/12/06)(AP,
9/18/06)(AP, 9/19/06)(AP, 7/18/07)(AP, 7/19/07)(AP, 7/27/07)(SFC,
1993 Mar 13, A deadly blizzard
paralyzed much of the East Coast, leaving more than 100 dead in its
wake. Syracuse, NY, was covered with fresh snow 43 inches thick.
(AP, 3/13/98)(SFC, 3/13/09, p.D8)
1993 Mar 13, The Russian
Congress adjourned after a session that seriously weakened President
Boris Yeltsin's power.
1993 Mar 14, An independent
U.N.-sponsored commission released a report blaming the bulk of
atrocities committed during El Salvador's civil war on the country's
1993 Mar 15, Searchers found
the body of the sixth and last missing victim of the World Trade
Center bombing in New York.
1993 Mar 15, Israeli Prime
Minister Yitzhak Rabin met at the White House with President
Clinton, after which Rabin offered to negotiate the return of part
of the Golan Heights to Syria.
1993 Mar 16, President Clinton
met with ousted Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide; afterward,
Clinton announced he was sending a special envoy to Haiti to seek a
return to democracy.
1993 Mar 16, Mohammed Hussein
Nagdi, Iran diplomat, resistance fighter, was murdered in Rome,
1993 Mar 16, Canadian soldiers
in Somalia beat to death a local teenager, Shidane Arone, during
their participation in the UN humanitarian efforts. An inquiry led
to the disbanding of Canada's elite Canadian Airborne Regiment,
greatly damaged the morale of the Canadian Forces, and damaged both
the domestic and international reputation of Canadian soldiers.
1993 Mar 17, Helen Hayes (92),
the "First Lady of the American Theater," died in Nyack, N.Y. Hayes
quit the theater in 1971 due to severe asthma.
(AP, 3/17/98)(SSFC, 12/2/07, Par p.4)
1993 Mar 17, A bomb attack in
Calcutta, India, killed 60 people.
1993 Mar 18, On Capitol Hill,
the House approved President Clinton's deficit-reduction blueprint
on a virtual party-line 243-183 vote.
1993 Mar 18, In Pennsylvania
Amish man Edward Gingerich outraged his normally peaceful religious
community of Rockdale Township, where he crushed his wife's skull
and used a kitchen knife to remove her stomach organs from her dead
body. Gingerich was diagnosed with schizophrenia and convicted of
manslaughter in 1994. After serving his maximum sentence of four
years in prison for the killing, moved to a mental institution in
Michigan before going to Indiana and eventually returning to
Pennsylvania and the Brown Hill Amish community in 2007. In 2011
Gingerich (44) committed suicide in a barn in Cambridge Springs, Pa.
1993 Mar 19, US Supreme Court
Justice Byron R. White announced plans to retire. His departure
paved the way for Ruth Bader Ginsburg to become the court's second
1993 Mar 19, Georgia shot down
a Russian warplane over the separatist Abkhazia region, killing its
pilot and heightening tensions.
1993 Mar 20, An Irish
Republican Army bomb exploded in Warrington, England, killing
3-year-old Jonathan Ball and 12-year-old Tim Parry.
1993 Mar 20, Russian President
Boris Yeltsin declared emergency rule, setting a referendum on
whether the people trusted him or the hard-line Congress to govern.
1993 Mar 20, Pope John Paul II
declared Duns Scotus (1266-1308) a saint.
1993 Mar 21, Voters in France
handed the Socialist government a devastating defeat in first-round
1993 Mar 22, Microsoft began
shipping its Encarta encyclopedia on CD-ROM. It had licensed content
from Funk & Wagnalls after being rebuffed by Britannica.
(Wired, 12/98, p.198)(WSJ, 3/18/09, p.A13)
1993 Mar 22, Intel introduced
its Pentium processor (80586): 64 bits-60 MHz-100+ MIPS.
1993 Mar 22, The launch of the
space shuttle Columbia was scrubbed with three seconds left in the
1993 Mar 22, Cleveland Indians
pitchers Steve Olin and Tim Crews were killed when the boat they
were riding in slammed into a Florida pier; pitcher Bob Ojeda was
1993 Mar 22, The 1st World
Water Day. On Dec 22, 1992, the UN General Assembly adopted
resolution A/RES/47/193 by which 22 March of each year was declared
World Day for Water, to be observed starting in 1993.
1993 Mar 23, In his first
formal news conference since taking office, President Clinton
suggested restricting the duty assignment of homosexuals in the
military as a way of allowing openly gay personnel; however, the
idea was quickly abandoned.
1993 Mar 23, Scientists
announced they'd found the renegade gene that causes Huntington's
1993 Mar 23, Hans Werner
Richter (b.1908), German writer, founder (Gruppe 47), died.
1993 Mar 24, Mahmoud
Abouhalima, a cab driver implicated in the 1993 World Trade Center
bombing, was flown back to the United States from Egypt. Abouhalima
was later convicted of conspiracy and sentenced to life in prison.
1993 Mar 24, Ezer Weizman was
elected Israel's seventh president.
1993 Mar 24, South African Pres
F.W. de Klerk admitted for the 1st time that his country had built 6
nuclear bombs, but that the weapons had been dismantled.
1993 Mar 25, The Senate
approved an outline of President Clinton's plan to spark the economy
and trim the budget deficit by a vote of 54-45.
1993 Mar 26, President Clinton
promised a "full-court press" against Bosnian Serbs to secure their
agreement to a United Nations peace plan endorsed by Bosnian Muslims
1993 Mar 27, A top U.N. relief
official accused Bosnian Serbs of breaking their promises by
blocking an aid convoy for trapped Muslims in eastern Bosnia, a day
after a cease-fire agreement.
1993 Mar 28, Francisco Garcia
Diaz discovered a type II supernova in M81 (NGC 3031).
1993 Mar 28, Chinese Premier Li
Peng won a second term.
1993 Mar 28, About 10,000
people marched in Dublin, Ireland, to protest an IRA bombing that
killed two young boys.
1993 Mar 28, Russian President
Boris Yeltsin and his chief political rival, parliament speaker
Ruslan Khasbulatov, claimed victory after surviving attempts by the
Russian Congress to oust them.
1993 Mar 29, In the 65th
Academy Awards "Unforgiven" won the Academy Award for best picture
as well as best director for Clint Eastwood; Emma Thompson won best
actress for "Howards End" and Al Pacino won best actor for "Scent of
1993 Mar 30, Washington
attorney Robert Altman went on trial in New York City, charged with
wrongdoing in connection with the Bank of Credit and Commerce
International (BCCI). He was later acquitted.
1993 Mar, 30, Richard
Diebenkorn (b.1922), SF Bay Area artist, died. He moved between
figuration and abstraction when the two modes were widely thought to
be inimical. In 2012 his 1971 painting “Ocean Park #48" fetched
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_Diebenkorn)(SFEC, 9/28/97, DB
p.36)(SFC, 10/9/97, p.E1,6)(Econ, 11/24/12, p.69)
1993 Mar 30, Israeli
authorities barred West Bank Palestinians from entering Israel after
two traffic police officers were shot to death.
1993 Mar 31, Actor Brandon Lee,
28, was killed during the filming of a movie in Wilmington, N.C., by
a prop gun that fired part of a dummy bullet instead of a blank.
1993 Mar 31, "Star Dust"
lyricist Mitchell Parish died in New York City at age 92.
1993 Mar 31, The U.N. Security
Council increased international pressure on Bosnian Serbs,
authorizing NATO warplanes to shoot down aircraft that violated a
ban on flights over Bosnia.
1993 Mar, The Getty family’s
Boeing 727, The Jetty, received a make-over. It’s the family station
(SFC, 1/8/95, p.7)
1993 Mar, Drinking water in
Milwaukee became contaminated with the cryptosporidium bacterium and
more than 100 people died and some 400,000 got sick.
(SFC, 6/26/96, p.A6)(SFC, 6/24/98, Z1 p.5)(SFC,
1993 Mar, Belgian PM Jean-Luc
Dehaene tendered his resignation, but the king refused to accept it.
1993 Mar, A broad amnesty was
given to all combatants of the 1980-1992 El Salvador civil war. The
Salvadoran war raged over 12 years and left around 75,000 people
(SFC, 7/24/02, p.A12)(AP, 5/30/11)(Econ, 6/8/19,
1993 Mar, In Pakistan Benazir
Bhutto began a campaign to oust Nawaz Sharif.
(SFC, 11/6/96, p.A21)
1993 Mar, In Thailand the
Supreme Court threw out the cases against the 10 politicians who
were ousted in the 1991 coup.
(WSJ, 12/11/96, p.A16)
1993 Apr 1, In an impassioned
plea for Russian aid, President Clinton told newspaper editors in
Annapolis, Md., that America should help "not out of charity" but as
a crucial investment in peace and prosperity.
1993 Apr 2, President Clinton
presided at a daylong conference in Portland, Ore., on how much
logging should be allowed on federal land.
1993 Apr 2, Ellie Nesler
(1952-2008) shot and killed Daniel Driver in a Jamestown, Ca.,
courtroom. Driver had been accused of molesting her son and three
other boys. She was sentenced to 10 years in prison. She later
admitted to investigators that she had taken “crank" that morning.
She was freed in 1997 after serving 3 and 1/2 years in prison. The
events were made into a 1999 TV movie. In 2002 she was sentenced to
6 years in prison for selling and possessing illegal drugs. In 2005
her son Willy was convicted of 1st degree murder for the stomping
death in 2004 of a man on their property.
(SFC, 11/21/96, p.A22)(SFC, 8/22/97, p.A1)(SFC,
6/23/99, p.B1)(SFC, 6/6/06, p.B8)(SFC, 12/30/08, p.B1)
1993 Apr 2, In Illinois Andy
Ascher (22) was killed in Rockford. In 1994 Patrick Pursley was
convicted in the murder of Ascher based on ballistic evidence from
the crime scene. In 2017 technological advances eroded confidence in
the evidence and Pursley faced a new trial.
(SFC, 8/10/17, p.A7)
1993 Apr 2, The Bosnian Serb
parliament rejected a peace plan drafted by U.N. and European
mediators and already approved by Bosnian Muslims and Croats.
1993 Apr 3, The Norman Rockwell
Museum in Stockbridge, Mass., opened. it replaced the Old Corner
House Museum on Main St. that had housed the artist’s nearly 600
1993 Apr 3, President Clinton
and Russian President Boris Yeltsin opened a weekend summit in
Vancouver, B.C., beginning talks after a luncheon with Canadian
Prime Minister Brian Mulroney.
1993 Apr 3, Pinky Lee (85),
former children's TV show host, died of a heart attack at his
1993 Apr 4, President Clinton
and Russian President Boris Yeltsin wrapped up their two-day summit
in Vancouver, B.C. Clinton extended $1.6 billion in aid; Yeltsin
proclaimed the two countries "partners and future allies."
1993 Apr 4, Alfred Mosher Butts
(b.1899), US architect and inventor of the Scrabble game, died.
(WSJ, 6/28/01, p.B1)(MC, 4/4/02)
1993 Apr 8, President Clinton
unveiled his $1.52 trillion budget for fiscal 1994.
1993 Apr 8, Singer Marian
Anderson died in Portland, Ore., at age 96.
1993 Apr 8, The U.N. General
Assembly admitted the former Yugoslav republic of Macedonia as its
1993 Apr 10, Chris Hani, leader
of the South African Communist Party, was killed by Janusz Walus and
Clive Derby-Lewis (d.2016). The 2 men appealed for amnesty in 1997.
Amnesty was denied and the 2 continued to serve life sentences. On
March 10, 2016, Walus won a bid for parole. On August 18, 2017, the
top court blocked the release from jail of Polish immigrant Janusz
Walus. Walus became a symbol for young Polish nationalists and
fascists and from about 2010 started receiving letters from
supporters in Poland.
(SFC, 8/12/97, p.A8)(SFC, 4/8/99, p.C3)(AP,
3/10/16)(AFP, 8/18/17)(BBC, 9/20/20)
1993 Apr 11, A deadly riot
erupted at the Southern Ohio Correctional Facility in Lucasville,
beginning an 11-day siege that left one guard and nine inmates
1993 Apr 12, NATO warplanes
began enforcing a United Nations no-fly zone over
Bosnia-Herzegovina; meanwhile, Bosnian Serbs bombarded the besieged
eastern town of Srebrenica.
1993 Apr 13, Tom Stoppard's
"Arcadia," premiered in London.
1993 Apr 13, Pulitzer Prizes
were awarded to David McCullough for his biography "Truman," to
Robert Olen Butler for his collection of short stories "A Good Scent
from a Strange Mountain" and to Tony Kushner for his drama "Angels
in America: Millennium Approaches." The gold medal for public
service went to The Miami Herald for its Hurricane Andrew coverage.
(AP, 4/13/98)(SFEC, 1/16/00, BR p.3)
1993 Apr 13, The day before a
visit by Pres. Bush, fourteen people were arrested in Kuwait for
plotting to assassinate him. Washington said the plot was organized
by Iraqi intelligence.
(SFC, 9/4/96, p.A8)
1993 Apr 13, NATO forces began
combat patrols over Bosnia to enforce a UN ban on flights.
(SFC, 10/16/97, p.A12)
1993 Apr 14, A U.S.
government-funded study said that of 3,321 men surveyed, only 1.1
percent identified themselves as exclusively homosexual, a finding
disputed by gay activists.
1993 Apr 14, Millions of black
workers in South Africa went on strike to protest the slaying of
activist Chris Hani.
1993 Apr 14, Sam Ntombani,
ANC-secretary in Soweto South Africa, was shot to death.
1993 Apr 15, The Group of Seven
nations unveiled a $28.4 billion aid package for Russia at the
conclusion of an emergency two-day meeting in Tokyo.
1993 Apr 15, Leslie Charteris
(85), British mystery writer (Saint), died.
1993 Apr 16, President Clinton
received gay and lesbian activists in the Oval Office for a one-hour
1993 Apr 16, At the White
House, President Clinton pressed Japanese Prime Minister Kiichi
Miyazawa to help ease Japan's persistent trade surplus with the
1993 Apr 16, A jury reached
guilty verdict in the Federal case against cop who beat Rodney King,
but the verdict was not read until April 17th.
1993 Apr 16, Bosnian Croats
took part in a killing spree in the village of Ahmici and 116
Muslims were massacred and the village set fire. 6 Bosnian Croats
went on trial in 1998 in the Hague on charges of war crimes. In 2000
Vladimir Santic, head of the Croat Jokers police unit, was sentenced
to 25 years in prison; Drago Josipovic was sentenced to 15 years;
Zoran and Mirjan Kupreskic were sentenced to 10 and 8 years, and
Vlatko Kupreskic received 6 years. In 2001 the tribunal overturned
the convictions, released 3 defendants and reduced the sentences of
2 others. In 2001 an indictment was opened against Pasko Ljubicic, a
former Bosnian-Croat military police officer, for war crimes in
(SFC, 8/19/98, p.C2)(SFC, 1/15/00, p.A11)(SFC,
10/24/01, p.C2)(SFC, 11/1/01, p.C7)
1993 Apr 16, A Bosnian army
unit massacred 16 Croatian civilians and at least 4 disarmed
soldiers in the village of Trusina.
1993 Apr 16, In Israel 20
soldiers and civilians were injured in Hamas's first suicide attack
against Israelis. Shahar al-Nabulsi, detonated a car, rigged by
bombmaker Yahya Ayyash, between two buses at Mehola Junction. The
blast killed al-Nabulsi and a Palestinian who worked in the rest
1993 Apr 17, A federal jury in
Los Angeles convicted two former police officers of violating the
civil rights of beaten motorist Rodney King; two other officers were
acquitted. Los Angeles Police Department Sergeant Stacey C. Koon and
officer Laurence M Powell were convicted for beating Rodney King.
[see Apr 16]
(SFC, 6/14/96, p. A4)(AP, 4/17/98)
1993 Apr 17, The U.N. Security
Council voted to tighten sanctions against Yugoslavia for its role
in the Bosnian war.
1993 Apr 17, Turkish President
Turgut Ozal died at age 66. In 2012 authorities investigating Ozal's
death found traces of toxic material in samples from his exhumed
body but could not conclude he died of poisoning.
(AP, 4/17/98)(AP, 12/12/12)
1993 Apr 18, The government of
Bosnia-Herzegovina agreed to a truce, effectively relinquishing
besieged Srebrenica. Meanwhile, Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic
threatened to boycott further U.N. peace talks if tougher sanctions
against Yugoslavia went into effect.
1993 Apr 18, In Pakistan Nawaz
Sharif’s government was dismissed by Ishaq Khan on corruption
charges. The interim government was led by Balkh Sher Mazari.
(SFC, 1/30/97, p.A9)
1993 Apr 19, The 51-day siege
at the Branch Davidian compound near Waco, Texas, ended as fire
destroyed the structure after federal agents began smashing their
way in; dozens of people, including leader David Koresh (Vernon
Howell), were killed. In 1999 the FBI admitted that it used
incendiary tear gas canisters but still maintained that it did not
start the fire. An undisclosed tape recording of the assault was
also disclosed in 1999.
(TMC, 1994, p.1993)(AP, 4/19/97)(SFC, 8/25/99,
p.A3)(SFC, 9/2/99, p.A30)
1993 Apr 19, South Dakota Gov.
George S. Mickelson (52) died in an Iowa plane crash.
1993 Apr 20, President Clinton
said he accepted responsibility for the decision to try to end the
51-day siege at the Branch Davidian compound in Texas, yet laid
"ultimate responsibility" on David Koresh for the deaths that
1993 Apr 20, Mario Moreno (81),
Mexican comedian known as Cantinflas, died in Mexico City. His films
included "Around the World in 80 Days."
1993 Apr 21, An 11-day siege at
the Southern Ohio Correctional Facility near Lucasville, Ohio, ended
after rioting inmates reached an agreement with prison officials.
One guard and nine inmates were killed during the siege.
(AP, 4/11/98)(AP, 4/21/98)
1993 Apr 21, Brazil voted
against a monarchy.
1993 Apr 22, The U.S. Holocaust
Memorial Museum was dedicated in Washington, D.C., to honor the
victims of Nazi extermination.
1993 Apr 22, Peter Townshend's
rock musical "Tommy," premiered in NYC.
1993 Apr 22, In London,
England, Stephen Lawrence (b.1974), a black teenager of Jamaican
parentage, was brutally killed by a gang of white youths with a
history of race baiting. 5 youths were identified, but none were
prosecuted. Three of the suspects were acquitted in 1996. In 1999 a
play called "The Color of Justice" was made based on the testimony
of the trial. The 1999 Macpherson inquiry concluded that the police
force’s mishandling of the case betrayed “institutional racism." In
2000 police arrested 3 men in connection with the killing. In 2002
two of those accused in the Lawrence case, David Norris and Neil
Acourt, were convicted and jailed for a racist attack on a black
police officer. In 2011 Gary Dobson (36) and David Norris (35) both
white men from south London, faced trial for murder. On Jan 3, 2012,
Dobson and Norris were found guilty. On Jan 4 Gary Dobson was
sentenced to a minimum 15 years and two months and David Norris to
14 years and three months for the murder.
p.D2)(Econ, 9/20/08, p.72)(AFP, 11/15/11)(Reuters, 1/4/12)
1993 Apr 23, President Clinton
said he was giving "serious consideration" to limited U.S. air
strikes against Bosnian Serb positions.
1993 Apr 23, Labor leader Cesar
Chavez (b.1927) died in San Luis, Ariz. He founded the United Farm
Workers Union on his birthday Mar 31, 1962. In 1996 a 2-hr
documentary of his life was made: "The Fight in the Fields: Cesar
Chavez and the Farmworkers Struggle." In 2011 Frank Bardacke
authored “Trampling Out the Vintage: Cesar Chavez and the Two Souls
of the United Farm Movement." In 2014 Miriam Pawel authored “The
Crusades of Cesar Chavez."
(SFC, 11/2/96, p.E1)(AP, 4/23/98)(SSFC, 4/7/02,
p.A14)(Econ, 11/19/11, p.96)(Econ, 4/5/14, p.74)
1993 Apr 23-1993 Apr 25,
Eritrea voted to secede from Ethiopia.
1993 Apr 24, The Irish
Republican Army (IRA) exploded a truck bomb in London's financial
district. It killed a photographer and injured 44 people and cost
millions of dollars' worth of damage.
(SFEC, 12/22/96, Z1 p.7)(AP, 4/24/98)
1993 Apr 24, Former African
National Congress president Oliver Tambo (75) died in Johannesburg,
1993 Apr 25, Hundreds of
thousands of gay rights activists and their supporters marched in
Washington, D.C., demanding equal rights and freedom from
1993 Apr 25, Voters in Russia
participated in a referendum, giving President Boris N. Yeltsin a
sturdy vote of confidence.
1993 Apr 26, President Clinton
signed an executive order imposing new economic sanctions against
Yugoslavia after the Serbian leadership in Bosnia voted against
accepting a U.N.-sponsored plan to end the war.
1993 Apr 26, Conan O'Brien was
named to succeed David Letterman as host of NBC's "Late Night"
1993 Apr 27, After a hiatus of
more than four months, Israeli and Arab delegates resumed Middle
East peace talks in Washington, D.C.
1993 Apr 27, Eritrea declared
itself an independent state.
1993 Apr 28, The first "Take
Our Daughters to Work Day," promoted by the New York City-based Ms.
Foundation, was held to boost self-esteem of girls with invitations
to a parent's workplace.
1993 Apr 28, Carlo Azeglio
Ciampi began serving as prime minister of Italy as the country's
post- war order, dominated by Christian Democrats and Communists,
was falling apart. He continued in office until May 10, 1994. From
1999 to 2006 he served as president.
1993 Apr 29, Britain's Queen
Elizabeth II announced that, for the first time, Buckingham Palace
would be opened to tourists to help raise money for repairs at
fire-damaged Windsor Castle.
1993 Apr 30, Top-ranked women's
tennis player Monica Seles was stabbed in the back during a match in
Hamburg, Germany, by a man who called himself a fan of second-ranked
German player Steffi Graf. Convicted of causing grievous bodily
harm, he received a suspended sentence.
1993 Apr, L.G. Sherrod, a New
York journalist and economics consultant, wrote an essay in
"Essence" that called on Blacks to enter $43,209 as a claim on their
tax forms as the equivalent of 40 acres and a mule voted by Congress
after the Civil War, but vetoed by Pres. Andrew Johnson. In
2000-2001 the IRS paid out some $30 million for the illegal credits.
(SFC, 6/29/99, p.A7)(SFC, 4/13/02, p.A2)
1993 Apr, Wallace Stegner,
author and editor of American West magazine, died. His work included
the novels "Angle of Repose" and "The Spectator Bird." His
biography, written by Jackson J. Benson, was published in 1996.
(SFEC, 11/17/96, BR p.8)(SFC, 2/26/00, p.A19)
1993 Apr, Louis Gerstner became
the CEO of IBM. In 2001 Gerstner received British knighthood
(K.B.E.), Knight of the British Empire.
(SFC, 9/7/01, p.B1)
1993 Apr, An IRA bomb in
London’s financial district killed a photographer and injured 44
(SFEC, 12/22/96, Z1 p.7)
1993 Apr, In North Korea Kim
Jong Il was named Chairman of the National Defense Commission.
1993 Apr, In Peru a younger
sister of Luz Dina Villoslada was raped by the son of a local coffee
grower. Authorities were bribed to drop the investigation. Luz Dina
joined the Tupac Amaru guerrillas in rebellion. She was 20 years old
and one of the 14 rebels slain in the 1997 Lima hostage siege.
(SFC, 5/1/97, p.A14)
1993 Apr, Desi Bouterse quit as
head of Suriname’s armed forces.
1993 May 1, The horse Sea Hero
won the Kentucky Derby.
1993 May 1, President Clinton
held a strategy session with top military and foreign policy
advisers on Bosnia.
1993 May 1, Violence erupted
during a May Day protest in Moscow.
1993 May 1, Pres. Ranasinghe
Premadasa (b.1924), the 3rd president of Sri Lanka, was killed by a
Tiger suicide bomber in Colombo.
(SFC, 7/24/96, p.A9)(AP, 5/1/98)(SFC, 6/8/00,
1993 May 2, Authorities said
they had recovered the remains of David Koresh from the burned-out
Branch Davidian compound near Waco, Texas.
1993 May 2, Julio Gallo
(b.1910), wine maker (Gallo), died in a car accident.
1993 May 2, Bosnian Serb leader
Radovan Karadzic approved a plan to end the Bosnian war. Four days
later, the Bosnian Serb assembly rejected it.
1993 May 3, "Kiss of the Spider
Woman" opened at Broadhurst in NYC for 906 performances. John Kander
composed the music and Fred Ebb (d.2004) wrote the lyrics.
(www.imagi-nation.com/moonstruck/albm57.html)(SFC, 9/13/04, p.B4)
1993 May 3, American sailor
Terry M. Helvey confessed to stomping to death Allen Schindler, a
homosexual shipmate, but told his court-martial in Japan that he was
drunk and did not plan the killing. Helvey was later sentenced to
life in prison.
1993 May 3, In southern
California an arson fire killed ten people in the Westlake district
of Los Angeles. Police suspected gang members who had been kicked
off the property. In 2017 police made arrests related to the fire.
(SSFC, 2/5/17, p.A11)
1993 May 4, The United States
handed over control of the relief effort in Somalia to the United
1993 May 5, In West Memphis,
Arkansas, Cub Scouts Steve Branch (8), Christopher Byers (8) and
Michael Moore (8) were found dead, nude and hogtied. Rumors of
Satanism roiled the community in the weeks following their deaths.
In 1994 Jason Baldwin (16) was sentenced to life in prison; Jessie
Misskelley (18) was sentenced to life plus 40 years; Damien Echols
(19) was sentenced to death. The case was largely based on a
confession by Misskelley, who was mentally handicapped. In 1996 Jo
Berlinger and Bruce Sinofsky made an HBO documentary: "The Child
Murders at Robin Hood Hills." In 2007 new DNA tests and forensic
evidence challenged the guilt of the teenagers. In 2011 the
defendants, known by their supporters as the West Memphis 3, agreed
to a legal maneuver that let them maintain their innocence while
acknowledging prosecutors have enough evidence against them.
6/11/96, p.A16)(WSJ, 3/13/00, p.A44)(SFC, 12/20/07, p.A6)(AP,
1993 May 5, The Bosnian Serb
parliament began debating a U.N. peace plan for Bosnia, rejecting
the plan the following day. U.N. Secretary-General Boutros
Boutros-Ghali recommended creation of a tribunal to try those
responsible for war crimes in former Yugoslavia.
1993 May 6, The space shuttle
"Columbia" landed safely in California after a 10-day mission.
1993 May 6, The Bosnian Serb
parliament, for the third time, rejected a U.N. peace plan for
Bosnia-Herzegovina. The president of Serbia, Slobodan Milosevic,
ordered a blockade of all supplies, except food and medicine, to the
1993 May 7, President Clinton
proposed dramatic changes in political campaign financing.
1993 May 7, In South Africa,
representatives of 23 political parties signed a declaration of
intent to hold multiracial elections within a year.
1993 May 8, Keron Thomas (16)
disguised himself as a motorman and took a NYC subway train and
2,000 passengers on a 3 hour ride.
1993 May 8, The Muslim-led
government of Bosnia-Herzegovina and rebel Bosnian Serbs signed an
agreement for a nationwide cease-fire.
1993 May 9, The White House
said President Clinton had directed Secretary of State Warren M.
Christopher to contact U.S. allies to discuss how they could ensure
Serbia's promise to cut supplies to the Bosnian Serbs.
1993 May 9-1993 Aug, Major
flooding began in the Mississippi Valley. 1700 square miles flooded
in Kansas, Illinois, Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, Nebraska, North
Dakota, South Dakota and Wisconsin. Total damage was later estimated
at $20 billion.
(SSFC, 9/4/05, p.A7)
1993 May 9, Pope John Paul II
made an anti-Mafia speech in Agrigento, Sicily.
1993 May 9, Paraguay held its
1st presidential and parliamentary elections in 50 years. A
democracy was established in Paraguay. Juan Carlos Wasmosy was
(WSJ, 4/24/96, A1)
1993 May 9, Penelope Gilliatt
[Conner], British author, died.
1993 May 10, A Paul Cezanne
still life, Les Grosses Pommes, sold for $28,602,500 in NYC.
1993 May 10, Members of the
Senate Armed Services Committee visited the Norfolk Naval Base in
Virginia for a hearing on the issue of homosexuals in the military;
most of the sailors said they favored keeping the ban on gays.
1993 May 10, Nelson Mandela
moved into the president’s office of South Africa.
(Hem. 1/95, p.19)
1993 May 10, At least 188
workers were killed in a doll factory fire in Bangkok, Thailand.
1993 May 11, The US Senate
approved the so-called "motor voter" bill, designed to make voter
1993 May 11, The US Senate
Armed Services Committee heard emotional testimony from Marine Col.
Fred Peck, who affirmed his love for his homosexual son, Scott,
while reiterating his opposition to lifting the ban on openly gay
1993 May 12, President Clinton
proposed putting all money raised from new taxes and spending cuts
into a trust fund dedicated solely to reducing the nation's huge
1993 May 13, The House Ways and
Means Committee gave final approval to President Clinton's
deficit-cutting package, containing a tax increase of $246 billion
over five years.
1993 May 13, In suburban Paris,
a masked man armed with dynamite took a roomful of nursery school
children hostage, demanding $18.5 million. The man was shot to death
by police two days later.
1993 May 14, President Clinton
told a news conference his threat of military force to halt the war
in the former Yugoslavia was "still on the table" despite opposition
from European allies.
1993 May 15, Prairie Bayou won
1993 May 15, The $186 million
Alamodome opened in San Antonio, Texas.
1993 May 15, Bosnian Serbs
began voting in a two-day referendum that overwhelmingly rejected a
U.N.-backed peace plan.
1993 May 15, In Senegal Babacar
Seye, the vice-president of the Constitutional Court, was
assassinated before ruling on an election petition.
1993 May 16, A two-day Bosnian
Serb referendum on a U.N.-backed peace plan ended, with voters
rejecting the proposal by a wide margin.
1993 May 17, President Clinton
visited the Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico, the
birthplace of the atomic bomb to promote a five-year, $20 billion
1993 May 18, Voters in Denmark
ratified the European Community's Maastricht Treaty on closer
economic and political union.
(AP, 5/18/98)(SC, 5/18/02)
1993 May 18, Italian police
arrested Mafia boss Benedetto "Nitto" Santapaola.
1993 May 18, Heinrich Albertz
(78), theologist, mayor of Berlin (1966-67), died.
1993 May 18, Pamela M.
Cunnington (67), English architect, writer, died.
1993 May 19, The US White House
set off a political storm by abruptly firing the entire staff of its
travel office; five of seven staffers were later reinstated and
assigned other duties.
1993 May 19, Dow Jones closed
above 3,500 for the first Time (3,500.03).
1993 May 19, A Boeing 727 of
Columbian SAM regional airline crashed into a jungle mountain near
Medellin and killed all 132 on board.
(SFC, 11/1/96, p.A18)
1993 May 20, An estimated 93
million people tuned in for the 274th & final episode of
"Cheers" on NBC-TV.
1993 May 20, Max Klein (77),
inventor of paint by numbers, died.
1993 May 21, President Clinton
met at the White House with Russian Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev;
afterward, Clinton expressed pessimism over resolving the ethnic
conflict in the Balkans and pledged not to send American soldiers
into a "shooting gallery."
1993 May 22, The United States,
Russia, France, Britain and Spain agreed to enforce safe areas in
Bosnia-Herzegovina, but stopped short of endorsing President
Clinton's proposal to use military force.
1993 May 23, A jury in Baton
Rouge, La., acquitted Rodney Peairs of manslaughter in the shooting
death of Yoshi Hattori, a Japanese exchange student he'd mistaken
for an intruder.
1993 May 24, "Farewell My
Concubine" and "The Piano" jointly won the Golden Palm award at the
Cannes Film Festival.
1993 May 24, The US Senate
confirmed Roberta Achtenberg, an acknowledged lesbian, to be a top
federal housing official.
1993 May 24, Microsoft launched
(Wired, 12/98, p.198)
1993 May 24, Eritrea achieved
independence from Ethiopia after a 30-year civil war. Some 65,000
Eritreans lost their lives in the fight for independence. Pres.
Meles Zenawi of Ethiopia allowed Eritrea to secede as a reward for
the support of its rebel forces in 1991.
(WSJ, 3/4/97, p.A14)(SFC, 6/11/97, p.C16)(MC,
1993 May 24, Juan Jesus Posada
Ocampo (66), Roman Catholic Cardinal, and six other people were
killed at the Guadalajara, Mexico, airport in what was described as
a shootout involving drug gangs. Gunmen of the four Arellano Felix
Brothers murdered Ocampo apparently mistaking him for a rival drug
lord. Drug cartel leader Hector Luis Palma was charged and sentenced
in connection to the killing on Jan 3, 1997. In 1998 members of a
San Diego street gang were indicted as hired hit men in the slayings
that left 7 dead. In 2005 a court sentenced Humberto Rodriguez
Banuelos, a former police commander, to 40 years in prison for his
role in the murders. In all, 12 gunmen, including Rodriguez, were
convicted and sentenced in the attack on the cardinal. In 2008
Araujo Avila, an alleged drug cartel hit man, was arrested in
Tijuana in relation to Ocampo’s murder.
(WSJ, 10/7/96, p.A16)(SFC, 1/9/96, p.A12)(SFC,
2/11/98, p.A3)(AP, 5/24/98)(AP, 12/9/05)(AP, 1/27/08)
1993 May 24, Separatist Kurdish
rebels fatally shot 33 Turkish soldiers and two civilians after
forcing them and about two dozen other persons off a bus in the
southeastern province of Bingol. This ended a unilateral cease-fire
and led the military to intensify a campaign to annihilate the PKK.
Testimony in 1999 by Abdullah Ocalan said a regional PKK commander
carried out the slaying.
1993 May 25, The US White House
announced it was putting five fired employees of its travel office
on paid leave during an investigation of accusations of financial
1993 May 25, Dan Seymour (78),
actor (Bombs over Burma, Intrigue, Watusi), died.
1993 May 25, Louise Tazewell
(93), entertainer, died.
1993 May 25, In Guatemala
President Jorge Serrano Elias engineered a "self-coup." He moved to
live in Panama and faced extradition attempts. After the failed coup
the Congress designated Ramiro de Leon Carpio as president and
Arturo Herbruger as vice president to serve to Jan 1996.
(SFC, 7/24/97, p.A11)(SFC, 10/26/99, p.B4)
1993 May 25, In the Philippines
Rogelio Roxas, a coin-collector and treasure hunter, died from
apparent poisoning as he prepared to leave for a court appearance in
Hawaii. In 1996 a Hawaiian court awarded the Golden Buddha Corp., a
consortium established by Roxas, $22 billion in damages to be
collected from the Marcos estate for the stolen Yamashita treasure.
1993 May 25, The International
Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) was established
by Resolution 827 of the UN Security Council. Judges were elected on
15 September 1993 and on 15 August 1994 the Prosecutor was
1993 May 26, In what amounted
to a sales pitch for health reform, first lady Hillary Rodham
Clinton denounced price gougers and profiteers in medicine before an
enthusiastic audience of union activists in Washington, D.C.
1993 May 26, DJs Mancow Muller
and Chewy Gomez from the KSOL radio station stopped all traffic on
the Bay Bridge for "8 minutes" during the morning commute for a
haircut. Muller was fined $500 and sentenced to 100 hours of
community service. They were inspired by news reports that Pres.
Clinton had held up air traffic in LA for a haircut in Air Force One
8 days before. United Broadcasting Corp. agreed to pay $1.5 million
plus expenses for some bridge improvements.
(SFC, 9/9/96, p.A1, 13)(SFC, 2/5/97, p.A20)
1993 May 26, In Pakistan the
Supreme Court restored the government of Nawaz Sharif.
(SFC, 1/30/97, p.A9)
1993 May 27, The US House of
Representatives approved a massive deficit-reduction, tax-increase
bill by a vote of 219-213.
1993 May 27, The Canadian House
of Commons approved the North American Free Trade Agreement.
1993 May 27, Five people were
killed in a bombing at the Uffizi museum of art in Florence, Italy;
some three dozen paintings were ruined or damaged. Giovanni Brusca
was believed to have led teams that damaged the Uffizi museum in
Florence with car bombs. He is believed by many to be the leader of
the Italian Mafia teams. In 1996 he was arrested in Sicily and
charged with masterminding the murder of Giovanni Falcone, his wife
and three bodyguards in 1992. In 1998 Mafia boss Lelluca Bagarella
and 13 others were sentenced to life in prison for the May and July
(AP, 5/27/98)(SFC, 5/21/96, p.A-11)(SFC, 8/24/96,
p.A12)(SFEC, 6/7/98, p.A23)
1993 May 28, A jury in Orlando,
Fla., acquitted Miami police officer William Lozano of manslaughter
in the 1989 shooting death of a black motorcyclist and the resulting
crash-caused death of the cyclist's passenger. Lozano had been
convicted in an earlier trial, but that verdict was overturned.
1993 May 28, Eritrea became a
member of the United Nations.
1993 May 29, President Clinton
tapped Republican David Gergen to assume responsibility for White
House communications and press operations.
1993 May 29, In Solingen,
Germany, four right-wing extremist skinheads aged 16 to 23 set fire
to a Turkish family's home. Five Turks, including three young girls,
were killed in the firebombing. The attack led to large
demonstrations. The events were documented in essays by Jane Kramer
collected in 1996 in "The Politics of Memory: Looking for Germany in
the New Germany."
(SFEC, 10/20/96, BR, p.5)(AP, 5/29/98)(AFP,
1993 May 29, The Convention of
29 May 1993 on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of
Intercountry Adoption was concluded. It said that governments should
verify children’s origins and oversee all adoptions. America
ratified the convention in 2008.
(http://tinyurl.com/howj9v7)(Econ, 8/6/16, p.46)
1993 May 30, Emerson Fittipaldi
won the 77th Indianapolis 500, driving at an average speed of 157.2
1993 May 31, President Clinton
paid a Memorial Day visit to the Vietnam Veterans Memorial, where
some in the crowd jeered him for avoiding military service.
"Disagreement is freedom's privilege," Clinton exhorted critics.
1993 May, The symphony
"Frontiers" by Fredric Myrow was premiered by the Los Angeles
Philharmonic. It was commissioned by the National Endowment for the
(SFC, 1/18/99, p.A21)
1993 May, The Clinton
administration fired the White House travel office staff.
(SFC, 6/21/96, p.A3)
1993 May, "Reengineering the
Corporation" was published by Michael Hammer and Jim Champy. It is
the most popular business book of the '90s.
(Wired, 8/95, p.125)
1993 May, The Keck I telescope
on the dormant Mauna Kea volcano in Hawaii began science
observations. The twin telescopes at the W.M. Keck Observatory were
based on a design by Prof. Jerry Nelson (1944-2017).
1993 May, The Greek government
demanded the return of Mycenaean art objects up for sale in New
York. In 1978 Greek grave robbers at Aidonia had dug into ancient
tombs believed to be a 3,500-year-old palatial cemetery of the
Mycenaeans. The looters plundered 18 graves but left one
undisturbed. Objects from the single grave matched those for sale in
(SFC, 8/13/96, p.B2)
1993 May, From Mexico Mr. Raul
Salinas began sending out large quantities of money into his New
York concentration account with Citibank. He was afraid the unstable
markets and the possibility of a peso devaluation.
(WSJ, 11/1/96, p.A6)
1993 May, A massive nighttime
explosion rocked Managua, Nicaragua, and revealed not only a massive
weapons cache but also the bunker of an int’l. kidnapping ring that
relied on false papers and passports provided by the Sandinistas.
Tomas Borge, one of the 9 commandants of the Sandinistas, was seen
standing in his pajamas amidst the weapons cache.
(WSJ, 7/30/04, p.A11)
1993 May, In Thailand a fire at
Bangkok’s Kader doll factory killed 187 people and injured 600.
(SFC, 11/26/96, p.B1)
1993 May, Venezuela Pres.
Carlos Andres Perez was impeached. He was later charged with
misusing $17 million security fund for election debts and a lavish
inauguration. He said the money was used to help Violeta Chamorro
win the presidency of Nicaragua.
(SFC, 5/31/96, A16)(Econ, 1/8/11, p.86)
1993 Jun 1, Connie Chung joined
Dan Rather as co-anchor of the "CBS Evening News". She was dropped
from the show two years later in May, 1995.
1993 Jun 1, The US Supreme
Court ruled that a criminal conviction must be overturned if the
jury received a constitutionally flawed definition of "beyond
1993 Jun 1, A mortar attack on
a holiday soccer game in a suburb of Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina,
killed at least 15 people and wounded more than 80.
1993 Jun 2, South Africa's
Supreme Court upheld Winnie Mandela's conviction for kidnapping four
young blacks, but said she would not have to serve her five-year
1993 Jun 3, President Clinton
abandoned his nomination of Lani Guinier to head the Justice
Department's civil rights division, hearing critics who accused her
of far-out views on minority rights.
1993 Jun 4, Rejecting
allegations of "quota queen," Lani Guinier expressed regret
President Clinton had dropped her nomination to head the Justice
Department's civil rights division.
1993 Jun 4, The U.N. Security
Council agreed to send up to 10,000 more U.N. peacekeepers to six
Bosnian cities to protect Muslim havens.
1993 Jun 5, In Texas,
Republican Kay Bailey Hutchison won the U.S. Senate seat vacated by
Treasury Secretary Lloyd Bentsen.
1993 Jun 5, Colonial Affair,
ridden by Julie Krone, won the Belmont Stakes.
1993 Jun 5, Country star Conway
Twitty (born as Harold Lloyd Jenkins) died in Springfield, Mo., at
age 59. He was entombed in Gallatin, Tenn.
(AP, 6/5/98)(SSFC, 12/15/02, Par p.2)
1993 Jun 5, In Somalia,
militiamen loyal to Mohamed Farrah Aidid killed 24 Pakistani
1993 Jun 6, At the Tony Awards,
"Kiss of the Spider Woman" won best musical; "Angels in America:
Millennium Approaches," won best play.
1993 Jun 6, The freighter
Golden Venture, a 150 foot cargo vessel carrying illegal immigrants
from Fujian Province on the southern coast of China ran aground in
New York harbor. It carried 286 illegal Chinese passengers, 10 of
whom drowned while trying to swim ashore. In 1997 Lee Peng Fei (47)
was extradited from Thailand for running the immigrant smuggling
ring that was responsible. In 2000 Hong Kong police arrested Cheng
Chui Ping for her role in the operation. A TV Dateline special was
presented in 2001. In 2005 gangster Ah Kay turned government witness
in the federal trial of Cheng Chui Ping, the reputed mastermind of
the smuggling attempt.
(WSJ, 2/27/96, p.A-16)(SFC, 10/7/97, p.A8)(SFC,
4/21/00, p.A8)(AP, 6/6/98)(WSJ, 8/3/01, p.W9)(AP, 5/21/05)
1993 Jun 6, The Armed forces of
Liberia (AFL) killed some 600 refugees at Harbel.
1993 Jun 7, The Supreme Court
ruled that religious groups can sometimes meet on school property
after hours. The justices also let stand, without comment, a federal
appeals court ruling allowing student-led prayers at graduation
ceremonies in Texas, Louisiana and Mississippi.
1993 Jun 7, In New York, Woody
Allen lost his bitter custody battle against Mia Farrow.
1993 Jun 8, Los Angeles voters
elected their first registered Republican mayor since 1961, choosing
Richard Riordan over City Councilman Michael Woo.
1993 Jun 8, In New Jersey,
Christie Todd Whitman defeated four other Republicans for the chance
to face Governor Jim Florio in the November election.
1993 Jun 8, In Cairo, Egypt, a
bomb exploded near a tour bus on Pyramids Road killing 2 people and
wounding 22 others.
(WSJ, 10/11/04, p.A17)
1993 Jun 9, The Montreal
Canadiens won the Stanley Cup in Game 5 against the Los Angeles
1993 Jun 9, Actress Alexis
Smith died in Los Angeles at age 72.
1993 Jun 9, As millions of
Japanese watched on television, Crown Prince Naruhito wed commoner
Masako Owada in an elaborate Shinto religious ceremony.
1993 Jun 10, Scientists
announced they had extracted genetic material from the preserved
remains of an insect that had lived when dinosaurs roamed the Earth.
1993 Jun 10, Richard Webb (77),
actor (Captain Midnight), shot himself.
1993 Jun 11, The Steven
Spielberg movie "Jurassic Park" opened.
1993 Jun 11, The US Supreme
Court ruled that people who commit "hate crimes" motivated by
bigotry may be sentenced to extra punishment; the court also ruled
religious groups have a constitutional right to sacrifice animals in
1993 Jun 11, In San Pablo, Ca.,
the body of Mueylin Saechao was found half naked in the backyard of
her boyfriend’s home. In 2015 DNA evidence linked William Huff (51)
to her murder and another in Berkeley’s Tilden Park in 1987.
(SFC, 4/8/15, p.F1)
1993 Jun 11, North Korea pulled
Asia back from the brink of a possible nuclear arms race by
reversing its decision to withdraw from a treaty preventing spread
of nuclear weapons.
1993 Jun 11, United Nations
forces launched a nighttime attack against the forces of Somali
warlord Mohamed Farrah Aidid.
1993 Jun 12, Reports surfaced
that Judge Stephen Breyer, considered a likely candidate to the
Supreme Court, had failed to pay Social Security taxes for a
domestic employee. (Although Breyer was passed over by President
Clinton in favor of Ruth Bader Ginsburg, he was later nominated to
serve on the nation's highest court.)
1993 Jun 12, In Nigeria Chief
Moshood Abiola, a Yoruba, was elected to the presidency but the
election was annulled by the ruling Hausa and the country plunged
into turmoil. Gen’l. Ibrahim Babangida cancelled the elections. The
northern Hausa and Fulani tribes tended to dominate the military
(WSJ, 12/15/95, p.A-16)(SFEC, 7/19/98, p.A20)
1993 Jun 13, Vijay Singh of
Fiji Island won the Buick Classic Tournament at the Westchester
Country Club in Harrison, New York.
1993 Jun 13, Astronaut Donald
K. "Deke" Slayton died in League City, Texas, at age 69.
1993 Jun 13, Canada's
Progressive Conservative Party chose Defense Minister Kim Campbell
to succeed Brian Mulroney as prime minister; she was the first woman
to hold the post.
1993 Jun 14, President Clinton
chose Ruth Bader Ginsburg, an advocate of women's rights, to serve
on the Supreme Court, surprising observers who had predicted that
Clinton's choice would be Stephen Breyer.
1993 Jun 15, Former Texas Gov.
John Connally, who was wounded in the gunfire that killed President
Kennedy, died at age 76.
1993 Jun 15, In Azerbaijan
former Communist party chief Geidar Aliyev (1923-2003) became head
of parliament. A fifth of Azerbaijan was controlled by
Armenian insurgents when Abulfaz Elchibey was ousted from the
presidency and replaced by former Communist party chief Geidar
Aliyev. Under Aliyev Azerbaijan joined the Commonwealth of
Independent States in Sept.
(CO, Grolier’s Amer. Acad. Enc./ Azerbaijan)
1993 Jun 15, James Hunt,
English motor-racing driver, died.
1993 Jun 16, The Dan Quayle
Center and Museum opened in Huntington, Indiana.
(DFP, 7/28/96, p.J1)
1993 Jun 16, The UN authorized
an arms and oil embargo against Haiti.
1993 Jun 17, President Clinton
told a news conference his economic package was making "remarkable
1993 Jun 17, The US Food and
Drug Administration could not confirm reports of tampering with Diet
Pepsi-Cola cans at the manufacturing level, despite reports of
foreign objects turning up in containers.
1993 Jun 17, In Afghanistan
Gulbuddin Hekmatyar (b.1947) began serving his first term as Prime
Minister and continued to 1994. His 2nd term covered 1996-1997.
1993 Jun 17, U.N. forces in
Somalia searched in vain for warlord Mohamed Farrah Aidid.
1993 Jun 18, The US Supreme
Court ruled that deaf parochial school students may be provided
publicly funded sign-language interpreters.
1993 Jun 18, In Japan, the
government of Prime Minister Kiichi Miyazawa fell.
1993 Jun 18, In the Seychelles
Albert Rene restored multiparty democracy and went on to win three
straight elections. This was later marked as National Day.
(AP, 8/1/06)(SSFC, 6/1/14, p.P3)(SSFC, 6/1/14,
1993 Jun 19, Sir William
Golding (b.9/19/1911), English Nobel Prize-winning author (1983),
died at his home in Cornwall, England, at age 81. His novel “Lord of
the Flies" was published in 1954. other novels included “Pincher
Martin" (1956) and “The Inheritors" (1955). In 2009 John Carey
authored “William Golding: The Man Who Wrote Lord of the Flies."
1993 Jun 19, Abraham Kaplan
(b.1918), American philosopher, died. He is best for being the first
philosopher to systematically examine the behavioral sciences in his
book "The Conduct of Inquiry" (1964). He dubbed “duologue" as a
conversation in which neither party listened to the other.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abraham_Kaplan)(Econ, 8/16/14, p.64)
1993 Jun 20, The Chicago Bulls
won their third NBA title in a row as they defeated the Phoenix Suns
in Game 6 of their championship series, 99-98.
1993 Jun 21, The US Supreme
Court ruled that Haitian boat people could be stopped at sea and
returned home without asylum hearings.
1993 Jun 22, A bomb mailed from
Sacramento attributed to the Unabomber Theodore Kaczynski maimed
Univ. of Calif. San Francisco geneticist Charles Epstein at his home
in Tiburon. Epstein (d.2011 at 77) had new eardrums installed, got a
nerve transplant to raise his wrist and spent a year retraining his
damaged hands to play his cello.
(WP, 6/29/96, p.A3)(AP, 6/22/98)(SSFC, 2/20/11,
1993 Jun 22, Former first lady
Pat Nixon died in Park Ridge, N.J., at age 81.
1993 Jun 23, John Wayne Bobbitt
had his penis severed by his wife, Ecuadorian born Lorena Bobbitt,
in a domestic dispute. In 1996 he was ordained a minister in the
Universal Life Church. Lorena Bobbitt of Prince William County, Va.,
sexually mutilated her husband, John, after he allegedly raped her.
John Bobbitt was later acquitted of marital sexual assault; Lorena
Bobbitt was later acquitted of malicious wounding by reason of
(SFC, 12/5/96, p.A3)(AP, 6/23/98)
1993 Jun 23, Canada's Senate
ratified the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).
1993 Jun 24, Eight Muslim
fundamentalists were arrested in New York, accused of plotting a day
of bombings of the United Nations, a federal building and the
Holland and Lincoln tunnels. They and two others were later
convicted of seditious conspiracy.
1993 Jun 24, Yale University
computer expert David Gelernter was injured in his office by a bomb
sent from Sacramento by Unabomber Theodore Kaczynski.
(SFEC, 11/9/97, Z1 p.5)(AP, 6/24/98)
1993 Jun 24, In Texas Jennifer
Ertman (14) and Elizabeth Pena (16) were confronted by six teenage
members of a loose-knit "Black and White" gang who savagely raped,
tortured, and beat them to death. Police soon arrested Jose Ernesto
Medellin, who gave a written confession but was not told that he
could request assistance from the Mexican consulate. Five of the six
defendants received death sentences at trial. Medellin was sentenced
to death in 1994, but the World court in 2004 ruled that his
conviction, and that of 50 other Mexicans in the US, violated the
1963 Vienna Convention. In 2007 his case went before the US Supreme
Court. In 2010 Peter Anthony Cantu was executed for his role in the
rapes and murders.
10/11/07, p.A7)(SFC, 8/18/10, p.A4)
1993 Jun 25, Vice President
Gore cast the tie-breaking vote as the Senate approved a record
1993 Jun 25, Kim Campbell was
sworn in as Canada's 19th prime minister, the first woman to hold
(CFA, '96, p.81)(AP, 6/25/98)
1993 Jun 26, President Clinton
announced the U.S. had launched missiles against Iraqi targets
because of "compelling evidence" Iraq had plotted to assassinate
former President Bush.
1993 Jun 26, Roy Campanella,
legendary catcher for the Negro Leagues and the Los Angeles Dodgers
and baseball Hall-of-Famer, died in Woodland Hills, Calif., at age
(HN, 6/26/98)(AP, 6/26/98)
1993 Jun 27, Actress Julia
Roberts and singer Lyle Lovett were wed in Marion, Ind. The marriage
ended in divorce.
1993 Jun 27, US warships fired
24 Tomahawk cruise missiles at intelligence headquarters in Baghdad
in retaliation for the assassination plot. The Iraqis claimed 8
dead. Iraqis pulled their dead from the rubble of buildings wrecked
by U.S. missiles during an early morning raid ordered by President
Clinton in reprisal for an alleged assassination plot against former
(SFC, 9/4/96, p.A8)(AP, 6/27/98)
1993 Jun 27, Laila al-Attar
(48), painter and head of Iraq’s institute for the arts, was one of
at least 6 civilians killed when 23 US Tomahawk cruise missiles hit
Baghdad. She had painted an unflattering portrait of Pres. Bush on
the floor of a hotel lobby.
(WSJ, 5/31/02, p.A1)
1993 Jun 28, The US Supreme
Court kept alive a "racial gerrymandering" case, saying
congressional districts designed to benefit racial minorities may
violate white voters' rights.
1993 Jun 28, Byron R. White
(1917-2002), US Supreme Court Justice (1962-1993), retired after
serving 31 years.
1993 Jun 28, Kirk Noble
Bloodsworth (b.1960), a former Marine discus champion, was
exonerated by DNA evidence of the rape and murder of Dawn Hamilton
(9). He was the first US prisoner freed from death row based on DNA.
(Econ, 2/9/13, p.34)(http://tinyurl.com/a7zma7h)
1993 Jun 28, The US National
Commission on AIDS ended its work after four years, with members
expressing frustration over how little national leaders had done to
combat the disease.
1993 Jun 28, Boris Christoff
(b.1914), Bulgaria born bass singer, died in Rome.
1993 Jun 29, A one-day stock
transaction netted Sen. Alfonse D’Amato a profit of $37,125. D’Amato
was the ranking Republican on the Senate Banking Committee and
appeared to have gotten special consideration in getting shares on
the IPO of Computer Marketplace.
1993 Jun 29, Joel Rifkin
pleaded innocent at an arraignment in Mineola, N.Y., to one count of
murder, a day after police found a woman's body in his pickup truck.
Rifkin, who later confessed to killing 17 women, is serving multiple
1993 Jun 29, In Budapest,
Hungary, the Szobor Park Museum held its grand opening. It was a
collection of Communist era sculpture about 20 minutes from
1993 Jun 30, Agriculture
Secretary Mike Espy promised federal help for Midwestern farmers as
he toured flood-damaged areas of Iowa, South Dakota and Wisconsin.
1993 Jun 30, Actor George
"Spanky" McFarland of "Our Gang" and "Little Rascals" fame died in
Grapevine, Texas, at age 64.
1993 Jun, American national
League umpire Terry Tata failed to show up for a Giants game in San
Francisco and was found drugged in a Burlingame hotel room. He had
been robbed of $16,500 in valuables and $500 cash.
(SFC, 12/11/96, p.A17)
1993 Jun, In San Francisco
hundreds of thousands marched in the Lesbian/Gay Freedom Day Parade
behind a banner proclaiming 1993 as "the year of the queer".
(SSFC, 6/3/18, DB p.54)
1993 Jun, Michael Spindler
replaced John Sculley as CEO of Apple Comp.
(SFC, 1/24/04, p.A12)
1993 Jun, Marc Andreeson and
Eric Bina at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications at
the Univ. of Illinois released their first version of the Mosaic
Browser, a software tool that simplified searching for material on
the World Wide Web. Andreeson went on to found Netscape Corp. In
1998 Joshua Quittner and Michella Slatalla published "Speeding the
Net," a history of Netscape Communications.
(Wired, Dec. '95, p.242)(WSJ, 6/25/98, p.A20)
1993 Jun, The UN Security
Council voted with 2 abstentions to authorize the use of air strikes
by the US and its allies against Serb forces in Bosnia-Herzegovina.
Gen. Colin Powell vigorously opposed US military intervention.
(WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A14)(SSFC, 12/17/00, p.A15)
1993 Jun, NATO offered close
air support to UN troops in Bosnia.
(SFC, 10/16/97, p.A12)
1993 Jun, In Burundi Melchior
Ndadaye was elected president in the country's first democratic
(SFC, 5/15/99, p.A14)
1993 Jun, EU membership
criteria were laid down at the European Council in Copenhagen,
Denmark. Under the “Copenhagen criteria" would-be EU members were
required to show that they meet the political and institutional
standards of membership.
1993 Jun, In Mexico Raul
Salinas married Paulina Castanon.
(WSJ, 11/1/96, p.A6)
1993 Jun, In Japan the Aum
Shinri Kyo cult pumped a slurry of liquid anthrax into a sprayer and
created a cloud that would settle on victims, but it didn’t work.
(SFC, 5/27/98, p.A12)