Return to home1995 This is a
year in the sun spot cycle when the number of sunspots was at an
average low. The cycle averages 11.2 years and low points are marked
by low wheat production and higher prices.
(ASCTS, Gamow, p.102)
1995 Jan 1, Gary Larson's "Far
Side" cartoon panel ended a 14-year run.
(SSFC, 11/16/03, BR p.17)
1995 Jan 1, Eugene Wigner (92),
physicist (Nobel prize for physics-1963), died.
1995 Jan 1, Austria, Finland
and Sweden joined the European Union. Sweden held their elections to
the parliament later that year on 17 September. Austria held its
elections on 13 October, 1996 and Finland on 20 October, 1996.
1995 Jan 1, In Bosnia a four
month truce between the Bosnian Serbs and the Bosnian government was
brokered by former Pres. Jimmy Carter.
(WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A14)(SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)
1995 Jan 1, Fred West hanged
himself in his London prison while awaiting trial in the murders of
a dozen girls and women. The victims included his wife's 16-year-old
daughter and 8-year-old stepdaughter and several young runaways.
1995 Jan 1, Chile, Egypt,
Guinea-Bissau, Poland and South Korea joined the non-permanent
sector of the Security Council.
(SFC, 1/1/97, p.C1)
1995 Jan 1, The Conference on
Security and Co-operation in Europe (CSCE), formed in 1973, was
renamed the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe
1995 Jan 1, Teburoro Tito, the
incoming president of Kiribati, moved the International Date Line a
thousand miles east around Kiribati to allow all of its 33 atolls to
be line the same time zone. Thus the atoll of Kirimati never
experienced Dec 31, 1994.
(SSFC, 12/17/06, p.G5)
1995 Jan 1, Fernando Henrique
Cardoso took office as Brazil's 37th president. He pushed up
interest rates to 25% and stabilized the economy.
(WSJ, 12/15/95, p.A-13)(AP, 1/1/00)
1995 Jan 2, Marion Barry was
inaugurated as mayor of Washington D.C., four years after leaving
office to serve a six-month sentence for misdemeanor drug
1995 Jan 2, Chechen defenders
drove Russian troops out of the capital of Grozny.
1995 Jan 3, Mexican President
Ernesto Zedillo announced an emergency plan for wage and price
controls and budget cuts to stabilize the peso and combat spiraling
inflation. The peso had lost 37% of its value since Dec. 20, 1994.
(WSJ, 1/13/95, p.A3)(AP, 1/3/00)
1995 Jan 4, The 104th Congress
convened, the first entirely under Republican control since the
Eisenhower era; Newt Gingrich was elected speaker of the House.
(SFC, 11/7/98, p.A4)(AP, 1/4/00)
1995 Jan 4, Eduardo Mata (52),
Mexican conductor, died in air crash.
1995 Jan 5, President Clinton
received Republican congressional leaders at the White House,
declaring that "we can do a lot of business together" on reforming
the way government works.
1995 Jan 5, Angus King (b.1944)
began serving as governor of Maine. He continued in office as an
independent for two terms until Jan 8, 2003.
1995 Jan 5, A warrant was
issued for the arrest of James “Whitey" Bulger (b.1929), top mobster
of Boston’s Winter Hill Gang. He had disappeared with his girlfriend
just days before the warrant was issued. Bulger was linked to 21
murders and in 2000 became a fixture on the FBI’s “Ten Most Wanted"
list. In 2007 Kevin Weeks authored “Brutal: The Untold Story Of My
Life Inside Whitey Bulger's Irish Mob."
1995 Jan 6, Haitians housed at
Guantanamo Bay Naval Base in Cuba were sent home by the U.S.
military against the refugees' will and over protests of refugee
1995 Jan 6, Ramzi Ahmed Yousef
and Abdul Hakim Murad were arrested in Manila, Philippines, when
explosives that they were mixing blew up and alerted the police. In
their apartment were found bomb-making manuals and timers and
evidence that they intended to blow up US jetliners. They were found
guilty by a jury in New York on 9/5/96.
(SFC, 9/6/96, p.C5)
1995 Jan 6, In South Africa Joe
Slovo, a former leader of the South Africa Communist party and white
hero of the liberations struggle, died. He was born in Obeliai,
Lithuania, to a Jewish family who emigrated to South Africa when he
1995 Jan 7, Major General
Viktor Vorobyov, a senior commander leading Russian troops in their
advance on the secessionist capital of Chechnya, was killed by a
1995 Jan 8, "Guys & Dolls"
closed at Martin Beck Theater, NYC, after 1143 performances.
1995 Jan 8, The Inner City
Church in Knoxville, Tenn., burned down. Arson was suspected and
investigations by the FBI and ATF were later begun.
(SFC, 6/11/96, p.A16)
1995 Jan 8, Russian forces in
Chechnya pounded the capital of Grozny with rocket and mortar fire
in an attempt to scatter Chechen fighters defending the presidential
1995 Jan 8, In Sri Lanka the
Tigers and government agreed to a truce.
(SFC, 7/24/96, p.A9)
1995 Jan 9, In New York, trials
began for Sheik Omar Abdel-Rahman and 11 other defendants accused of
conspiring to wage a holy war against the United States. Nine were
convicted of seditious conspiracy, and two reached plea agreements
with the government.
1995 Jan 9, Severe flooding
forced people to flee resort communities in the hills north of San
1995 Jan 9, Peter Cook (57),
English comic and actor (Bedazzled, Beyond the Fringe, The Wrong
1995 Jan 10, President Clinton
declared flood-stricken areas of California major disaster areas.
1995 Jan 10, Russia announced a
48-hour truce in breakaway Chechnya, but the cease-fire fell apart
after a few hours.
1995 Jan 11, President Clinton
and Japanese Prime Minister Tomiichi Murayama held a low-key summit
in Washington, playing down differences over trade.
1995 Jan 11, A 9-year-old girl
survived a Colombian airliner crash that killed the other 52 people
aboard near the Caribbean resort of Cartagena.
1995 Jan 12, Qubilah Shabazz,
the daughter of Malcolm X, was arrested in Minneapolis on charges
that she had tried to hire a hitman to kill Nation of Islam leader
Louis Farrakhan; the charges were later dropped.
1995 Jan 12, In LA, Ca., Judge
Ito heard defense arguments for questioning racial attitudes of
Detective Mark Fuhrman in the murder trial against OJ Simpson.
Fuhrman had found a bloody glove at O.J.'s estate.
1995 Jan 12, In Port-au-Prince,
Haiti, an American soldier was killed and another wounded during a
shootout with a former Haitian army officer who also was killed.
1995 Jan 13, The Johnson Grove
Baptist Church in Bells, Tenn., burned down as did the Macedonia
Baptist Church in Denmark, Tenn. Arson was suspected and
investigations by the FBI and ATF were later begun.
(SFC, 6/11/96, p.A16)
1995 Jan 13, Italy named
Treasury Minister Lamberto Dini its prime minister. He pledged to
resign after approval of a deficit cutting budget.
(AP, 1/13/00)(WSJ, 10/27/95, p.A-1)
1995 Jan 13, Authorities in the
Philippines said they had unearthed a conspiracy by militant Muslims
to assassinate Pope John Paul II during his visit.
1995 Jan 14, Pope John Paul II
addressed a huge rally in Manila, urging young people to reject
1995 Jan 14, Russian troops in
the breakaway republic of Chechnya captured the Council of Ministers
building, a key rebel position in the capital Grozny.
1995 Jan 15, The San Francisco
49ers defeated the Dallas Cowboys 38-28 in the National Football
Conference title game, while the San Diego Chargers upset the
Pittsburgh Steelers 17-13 in the American Football Conference
1995 Jan 15, San Francisco’s I.
Magnin store on Union Square closed. The first I. Magnin was founded
in 1877 on Market St. In 2006 James Thomas Mullane authored “A Store
to Remember," an illustrated history of the store.
(SSFC, 12/31/06, p.E1,5)
1995 Jan 15, British soldiers
ended daytime patrols in Belfast, Ireland.
(SFC, 6/18/96, p.A8)
1995 Jan 15, Pope John Paul II
celebrated a final Mass during his visit to the Philippines, drawing
millions of people.
1995 Jan 16, In Union, S.C., a
prosecutor announced he would seek the death penalty for Susan
Smith, the woman accused of drowning her sons, 3-year-old Michael
and 14-month-old Alex. Smith was later convicted of murder and
sentenced to life in prison.
1995 Jan 17, George W. Bush
(b.1946) began serving as the 46th governor of Texas. Bush had
already picked Alberto Gonzales (b.1955) as his general counsel.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_W._Bush)(Econ, 7/14/07, p.38)
1995 Jan 17, A magnitude 6.9
earthquake hit the port city of Kobe, Japan. 5,502 people were
killed in the worst earthquake to hit Japan since 1923.
(WSJ, 1/18/95, p.A1)(AP, 6/22/02)(SSFC, 4/16/06,
1995 Jan 18, The new San
Francisco Museum of Modern Art, designed by Swiss architect Mario
Botta, opened. It’s cost is $63 million and it’s size is 225,000 sq.
(SF E&C, 1/15/95, SFE Mag. p.21)
1995 Jan 18, The death toll
climbed past 6,000 in the earthquake in Kobe, Japan.
1995 Jan 18, South African
President Nelson Mandela's cabinet denied amnesty sought by 3,500
police officers in apartheid's waning days.
1995 Jan 19, Russian troops
regained control of the presidential palace in Grozny, the capital
of the breakaway republic of Chechnya.
1995 Jan 20, The U.S. State
Department announced a partial lifting of economic sanctions against
1995 Jan 20, Bruno Jordan, suit
salesman and brother a drug enforcement officer, was shot dead in El
Paso. In 2002 Charles Bowden authored "Down By the River," an
account of the murder and narcotics traffickers.
(NW, 1/13/03, p.61)
1995 Jan 20, The Mt. Zion AME
Church in Williamsburg Co., S.C.., burned down. Arson was suspected
and investigations by the FBI and ATF were later begun.
(SFC, 6/11/96, p.A16)
1995 Jan 20, The Japanese
government, criticized for being slow to respond to Kobe's
devastating earthquake, admitted its initial reaction might have
1995 Jan 20, Jean-Claude
Juncker (b.1954), the leader of the Christian Social People's Party,
succeeded Jacques Santer as PM of Luxembourg. “Juncker’s Curse" was
named after Jean-Claude Juncker, who famously quipped: “We all know
what to do. But we don’t know how to get reelected once we've done
1995 Jan 21, President Clinton,
addressing the Democratic National Committee, implored members to
"bear down and go forward" despite results of the 1994 elections.
1995 Jan 22, The Macedonia
Baptist Church in Manning, S.C., burned down. Arson was suspected
and investigations by the FBI and ATF were later begun. Four
Klansmen were later arrested and convicted.
(SFC, 6/11/96, p.A16)(SFEC, 7/21/98, p.A3)
1995 Jan 22, Rose Fitzgerald
Kennedy died at the family compound in Hyannis Port, Mass., at age
1995 Jan 22, Two Palestinians
blew themselves up at Beit Lid junction in central Israel and killed
21 Israelis. Dozens of others were injured and the Islamic Jihad
(WSJ, 3/6/96, p. A15)(G&M, 7/31/97, p.A8)(AP,
1995 Jan 23, The US Supreme
Court ruled that companies accused of firing employees illegally
could not escape liability by later finding a lawful reason to
justify the dismissal.
1995 Jan 23, A French team of
paleontologists led by Michel Brunet on 1/23/95 discovered a lower
jaw with 7 teeth and a separate canine of a hominid from 3.5 to 3
million years of age. The discovery was made in a dried lake bed of
central Chad and named Australopithecus bahrelghazalia after the
Arab name of a nearby river.
(SFC, 5/23/96, p.A14)
1995 Jan 24, President Clinton
appealed for common ground as he delivered his second State of the
Union address, this time before a Republican-led Congress.
1995 Jan 24, The prosecution
gave its opening statement at the O.J. Simpson murder trial.
1995 Jan 25, The defense gave
its opening statement in the O.J. Simpson trial in Los Angeles,
saying Simpson was the victim of a "rush to judgment" by authorities
who had mishandled evidence and ignored witnesses.
1995 Jan, 25, Extensive
flooding hit the streets of Las Vegas and many casinos had water
dripping onto gambling tables.
(HFA, '96, p.73)
1995 Jan 25, The top of a
Chinese Long March missile disintegrated as it hit supersonic speeds
and destroyed a Hughes Apstar 2 satellite. The debris killed at
least 6 villagers.
1995 Jan 25, A team of
Norwegian and American scientists launched a Black Brant XII
four-stage sounding rocket from the Andoya Rocket Range off the
northwest coast of Norway to study the aurora borealis over
Svalbard. Nuclear forces in Russia were put on alert, and the
nuclear-command suitcase was brought to President Boris Yeltsin, who
then had to decide whether to launch a nuclear barrage against the
United States. This became known as the Norwegian rocket incident or
Black Brant scare.
1995 Jan 26, A little more than
three weeks after Republicans took control of Congress, the House
endorsed a balanced-budget amendment to the Constitution designed to
eliminate chronic federal deficits.
1995 Jan 27, About 5,000
mourners gathered at the site of the Nazi death camp Auschwitz to
commemorate the 50th anniversary of its liberation.
1995 Jan 28, President Clinton
was host to a 5 1/2-hour "work session" of governors, legislators
and local officials, both Democrats and Republicans, to discuss
1995 Jan 29, The San Francisco
49ers became the first team in NFL history to win five Super Bowl
titles, beating the San Diego Chargers, 49-26.
1995 Jan 30, The Smithsonian
Institution abandoned plans for a major exhibit on the atomic
bombing of Hiroshima, yielding to critics who charged the exhibit
would have portrayed America as the aggressor and Japan as the
victim in World War II.
1995 Jan 30, At least 42 people
were killed and nearly 300 wounded when a car bomb blamed on Muslim
insurgents exploded in downtown Algiers.
1995 Jan 31, President Clinton
scrapped a $40 billion rescue plan for Mexico, announcing instead
that he would act unilaterally to provide Mexico with $20 billion
from a fund normally used to defend the U.S. dollar.
1995 Jan 31, The Mt. Calvary
Baptist Church in Hardeman Co., Tenn., burned down. Arson was
suspected and investigations by the FBI and ATF were later begun.
(SFC, 6/11/96, p.A16)
1995 Jan 31, George Abbott
(b.1887), legendary Broadway producer-director, died in Miami Beach,
Florida, at age 107.
1995 Jan, "The Oxford History
of the American West," was published, 904pp, $39.95.
(WSJ, 1/11/95, A12)
1995 Jan, Roger Penrose wrote
"Shadows of the Mind: A Search for the Missing Science of
Consciousness." The book is an attempt to show that the human mind
is not like a computer program, and that no computer program could
substitute for the mind.
(WSJ, 1/9/95, A10)
1995 Jan, Jed Katz and Phil
Marcus founded Rent Net, a computerized listing of available rental
units across the US. Its web address is http://www.rentfacts.com
(SFC, 5/12/96, p.E-6)
1995 Jan, The US Postal Service
began to allow consumers to use credit cards in postal purchases.
(WSJ, 4/30/96, p.A8)
1995 Jan, In Georgia Andrew
Cook (21) shot and killed Michele Cartagena (19) and Grant
Hendrickson (22) in a lover’s lane. Cook, the son of a former FBI
agent, was convicted and sentenced to death in 1998.
(SFC, 3/20/98, p.A3)
Jan, In Nevada the charred body of Ron Rudin
(64), a millionaire real estate developer, was found in the desert.
His 5th wife, Margaret, was suspect but there was insufficient
evidence to arrest her.
(SFC, 2/2/98, p.A3)
1995 Jan, Bosnian Serb leader
Radovan Karadzic reportedly made contact with an arms dealer,
Nikolas Oman, to buy a secret nuclear device of red mercury for $6
million cash and an additional $60 million from the mortgage of a
1995 Jan, British Lieutenant
General Rupert Smith, UN commander in Bosnia, arrived in the Bosnian
capital and set up an intelligence cell.
(SFC, 6/4/96, p.A12)
1995 Jan, Commercial internet
service became available in China.
(Econ, 4/6/13, SR p.6)
1995 Jan, In Lesotho Letsie
gave up the crown to his returned father.
(LVRJ, 11/1/97, p.14A)
1995 Jan, In Peru Manuel Lopez
Paredes was arrested. Police discovered 3.5 tons of cocaine, valued
at more than $600 million, ready for shipment by the family cartel.
(SFC, 8/17/96, p.A12)
1995 Jan-Jun, In Mexico almost
9,000 companies went bankrupt and 1 million Mexicans were thrown out
(SFC, 8/3/98, p.A13)
1995 Feb 1, The US Federal
Reserve boosted interest rates by 0.5%, the seventh rate hike in a
1995 Feb 1, House Republicans
pushed through a bill restricting the US federal government's
ability to impose unfunded mandates on states.
1995 Feb 2, President Clinton
nominated Henry Foster Jr. to succeed fired Surgeon General Joycelyn
Elders; however, Foster's nomination was later defeated in the
1995 Feb 2, The leaders of
Egypt, Israel, Jordan and the Palestinians held an unprecedented
summit in Cairo to try to revive the Mideast peace process.
1995 Feb 3, The space shuttle
Discovery blasted off with a woman, Air Force Lt. Col. Eileen
Collins, in the pilot's seat for the first time in NASA history.
1995 Feb 3, At the O.J. Simpson
trial in Los Angeles, prosecution witness Denise Brown wept on the
stand as she described the humiliation and abuse of her sister,
Nicole Brown Simpson, at the hands of the former football star.
1995 Feb 3, IBM in fashion shed
its dress code in favor of casual wear.
(SFEC, 8/29/99, p.C1)
1995 Feb 4, A standoff between
the United States and China escalated into a trade war, with each
country ordering stiff tariffs against the other.
1995 Feb 4, Patricia Highsmith
(b.1921), American born novelist, died in Switzerland. Her first
novel, “Strangers on a Train" (1950) was made into a 1951 film by
Alfred Hitchcock. In 2009 Joan Schenkar authored “The Talented Miss
Highsmith: The Secret Life and Serious Art of Patricia Highsmith."
1995 Feb 5, The White House and
congressional Republicans drew battle lines over President Clinton's
$1.61 trillion budget, with Republicans accusing Clinton of "taking
a walk" and the administration saying Clinton was cutting the
deficit more than any president in history.
1995 Feb 6, President Clinton
unveiled his $1.61 trillion budget for 1996, mixing mild tax relief
and spending reductions.
1995 Feb 6, Siddig Ibrahim
Siddig Ali, the alleged mastermind of a campaign of violence,
pleaded guilty in New York to plotting urban terrorism.
1995 Feb 6, The space shuttle
Discovery flew to within 37 feet of the Russian space station Mir in
the first rendezvous of its kind in two decades.
1995 Feb 6, Poet James Merrill
(b.1926) died in Tucson, Arizona, from AIDS. In 2001 Alison Lurie
authored "Familiar Spirits: A Memoir of James Merrill and David
Jackson." In 2015 Langdon Hammer authored James Merrill: Life and
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Merrill)(SSFC, 3/11/01, BR
p.3)(Econ., 4/18/15, p.75)
1995 Feb 6, Pres.
Jean-Bertrand Aristide disbanded the Haitian army and replaced it
with a civilian police force.
1995 Feb 7, Ramzi Yousef, the
alleged mastermind of the World Trade Center bombing, was arrested
in Islamabad, Pakistan, after two years as a fugitive.
1995 Feb 8, US Surgeon General
nominee Henry Foster said in an ABC interview he'd performed 39
abortions, more than three times as many as previously stated.
1995 Feb 8, The U.N. Security
Council approved sending 7,000 peacekeepers to Angola to cement an
accord ending 19 years of civil war.
1995 Feb 8, A 6.4 earthquake at
Trujillo, Colombia, killed over 46 people.
1995 Feb 9, A preview of
"Heiress" opened at Cort Theater NYC for 340 performances.
1995 Feb 9, Former US Sen. J.
William Fulbright (b.1905) died in Washington, DC.
1995 Feb 9, David Wayne
(b.1914), [Wayne Mcmeekan], US actor (Dallas), died.
1995 Feb 10, The US House
passed a GOP crime bill boosting funding for state prisons but
requiring states to get tougher on violent criminals before they
could receive any money.
1995 Feb 11, President Clinton,
in his weekly radio address, threatened to veto any attempt by
Republicans to scrap plans to put 100,000 additional police officers
on the streets.
1995 Feb 11, The space shuttle
Discovery landed at Cape Canaveral, Fla., ending a historic
rendezvous mission with Russia's Mir space station.
1995 Feb 12, Jurors in the O.J.
Simpson murder trial toured the scene where Nicole Brown Simpson and
Ronald Goldman had been slain, then visited the estate of the former
1995 Feb 13, House Speaker Newt
Gingrich ruled out running for the 1996 Republican presidential
1995 Feb 13, The Hague War
Crimes Tribunal indicted 21 Serbs for atrocities against Croats and
Muslims interned in a Bosnian prison camp. Zeljko Meakic, Bosnian
Serb police officer, was charged with commanding the Serb Omarska
camp in northwest Bosnia. Dusan Tadic, Bosnian Serb cafe owner, was
charged for visiting Serb-run camps to beat and kill non-Serb
(WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A14)(SFC, 11/30/96, p.A15)(AP,
1995 Feb 14, The best-seller
"Rules: Time-Tested Secrets for Making Your Marriage Work" by Ellen
Fein and Sherrie Schneider was first released. The dating strategy
expanded to "Rules III" in 2001 despite divorce plans by Ellen Fein.
(WSJ, 3/23/00, p.B1)
1995 Feb 14, A federal judge
rejected the Justice Department's proposed antitrust settlement with
Microsoft Corporation; U.S. District Judge Stanley Sporkin was later
overruled by an appeals court.
1995 Feb 14, The House passed
the centerpiece of the Republican anti-crime package, voting to
create block grants for local governments while eliminating
President Clinton's program to hire more police. The president later
vetoed a spending authorization bill containing this provision.
1995 Feb 14, Britain’s Sizewell
B nuclear power plant, near Leiston, Suffolk, started generating
power. Construction had started in 1988.
1995 Feb 14, Nigel Finch,
British filmmaker, died. he had just finished shooting his film
"Stonewall." The film was completed by Christine Vachon.
(SFEC, 7/21/96, DB p.32)
1995 Feb 14, Michael Vincent
Gazzo (b.1923), US actor, playwright (Godfather 2), died.
1995 Feb 15, The FBI arrested
Kevin Mitnick, its "most wanted hacker," and charged him with
cracking security in some of the nation's most protected computers.
Mitnick was released Jan. 21, 2000, after serving five years behind
1995 Feb 15, A fire roared
through a three-story nightclub in Taichung, Taiwan, killing at
least 64 people.
1995 Feb 15, Population of
People's Republic of China hit 1.2 billion.
1995 Feb 16, Four people were
killed when tornadoes tore through rural north Alabama.
1995 Feb 16, In a dark and
defensive address to his nation, Russian President Boris Yeltsin
berated his military leaders for big losses and human rights abuses
in Chechnya, but insisted Russia had to use force to defend its
1995 Feb 17, Federal judge
allowed a lawsuit claiming US tobacco makers knew nicotine was
addictive and manipulated its levels to keep customers hooked.
1995 Feb 17, Colin Ferguson was
convicted of six counts of murder in the December 1993 Long Island
Rail Road shootings. He was later sentenced to a minimum of 200
years in prison.
1995 Feb 18, The National
Association for the Advancement of Colored People replaced veteran
chairman William Gibson with Myrlie Evers-Williams, the widow of
slain civil rights leader Medgar Evers, after the rank-and-file
declared no confidence in Gibson's leadership.
1995 Feb 19, A day after being
named the new chairwoman of the National Association for the
Advancement of Colored People, Myrlie Evers-Williams outlined her
plans for revitalizing the civil rights organization, saying she
intended to take the group back to its roots.
1995 Feb 19, Calder Willingham
(b.1922), novelist, scriptwriter (The Graduate), died of lung cancer
in New Hampshire.
1995 Feb 20, An American
Marine, Sgt. Justin A. Harris, died in a helicopter crash during the
evacuation of United Nations forces from Somalia.
1995 Feb 21, The United States
and Mexico signed an agreement to unlock $20 billion in U.S. support
to stabilize the peso, but under tough conditions.
1995 Feb 21, Chicago
stockbroker Steve Fossett became the first person to fly solo across
the Pacific Ocean in a balloon, landing in Leader, Saskatchewan,
1995 Feb 21, Robert Bolt
(b.1924), British playwright (Doctor Zhivago, Man for All Seasons,
1995 Feb 21, Art Kane (b.1925),
1995 Feb 22, Ed Flanders
(b.1934), actor (Dr Westphall-St Elsewhere), committed suicide.
1995 Feb 22, Bill Bailey
(b.1909), a union activist and vice-president of SF dock Local 10,
died. He was a veteran of the Lincoln and Washington battalions
during the Spanish Civil War and a writer and actor in his later
years [see Jul 26, 1935]. The Telegraph Hill cottage in which he
lived, ended up near a MUNI yard at Tulare and Indiana streets,
where it became damaged beyond repair.
6/24/99, p.A19)(SSFC, 3/7/10, p.A2)
1995 Feb 22, Security forces in
Algiers crushed a prison uprising by Islamic extremists, resulting
in 96 deaths by official count.
1995 Feb 22, France accused
four American diplomats and a fifth U.S. citizen of spying, and
asked them to leave the country.
1995 Feb 23, Administration
officials said President Clinton would review dozens of affirmative
1995 Feb 23, The Dow Jones
industrial average closed above the 4,000 mark for the first time,
ending the day at 4,003.33.
(WSJ, 12/16/96, p.C1) (AP, 2/23/00)
1995 Feb 23, Former U.S.
President Jimmy Carter arrived in Haiti to help prepare for peaceful
1995 Feb 23, James Alfred Wight
(b.1916), Scottish author Yorkshire veterinarian, died. His penname
was James Herriot and his work included "All Creatures Great and
Small," which was later made into a BBC TV series. His first book
was "If Only They Could Talk." His home and shop in Thirsk was
opened for visitors in 1999.
1995 Feb 24, Under pressure
from farm-state Republicans, US House leaders abandoned a campaign
promise to disband the food stamp program.
1995 Feb 25, Former President
Jimmy Carter wound up a 54-hour visit to Haiti, denying he'd been
given a chilly reception by Haitians whom he'd helped save from a
potentially bloody U.S.-led intervention.
1995 Feb 25, In Oklahoma store
manager Richard Yost was beaten to death with a baseball bat and
placed in the freezer of his supermarket in Tulsa. Three men were
later executed for the murder and a 4th was convicted to life in
1995 Feb 26, The United States
and China averted a trade war by signing a comprehensive agreement
on copyright and patent protection.
(WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A12)(AP, 2/26/00)
1995 Feb 26, Barings PLC,
Britain's oldest investment banking firm, was forced into bankruptcy
after an employee in Singapore, Nicholas William Leeson (28),
speculated in derivatives on Tokyo stock prices that resulted in
losses exceeding $1.4 billion.
(WSJ, 2/27/95, p.A-1)(AP, 2/26/00)
1995 Feb 27, Court-appointed
salvagers swarmed into Britain's oldest investment bank to evaluate
the remaining assets of Barings PLC after Nick Leeson, a 28-year-old
trader, ruined the firm by gambling on Tokyo stock prices.
1995 Feb 27, Bernard Cornfield
(b.1927), British financier, died. In 1972 Charles Raw, Bruce Page
and Godfrey Hodgson authored “Do You Sincerely Want to Be Rich: The
full story of Bernard Cornfield and IOS."
1995 Feb 28, U.S. Marines swept
ashore in Somalia to protect retreating U.N. peacekeepers.
1995 Feb 28, Denver
International Airport opened after 16 months of delays and $3.2
billion in budget overruns. A $250 million automated baggage
handling system contributed to the delays. United Airlines gave up
on the system in 2005.
(AP, 2/28/98)(WSJ, 6/7/05, p.D5)
1995 Feb 28, In Mexico Raul
Salinas de Gortari was arrested for masterminding the murder of Jose
Francisco Ruiz Sep 28, 1994. He was imprisoned in Almaloya prison,
Mexico’s highest-security facility. In 1998 Raul Salinas was
acquitted of money laundering but remained in jail on murder and
(WSJ, 4/15/96, p.A15)(SFC, 4/8/97, p.A6)(SFC,
5/22/98, p.D4)(SFC, 1/22/99, p.A10)
1995 Feb 28, Max Rudolf (92),
1995 Feb, In Argentina Carlos
Menem Jr. (27) was killed in a helicopter crash. It was later
reported that the copter was shot down. A number of witnesses and
people involved in the investigations were also killed. His mother,
Zulema Yoma, later pressed for an investigation and in 1997 staged a
sit-in a police headquarters in Buenos Aires to get a report
released that indicated sniper fire in the crash.
(SFC, 7/24/97, p.A13)
1995 Feb, The Mexican
government identified Subcommander Marcos of the Zapatistas as
former university Prof. Rafael Guillen. A government offensive
reduced the amount of territory controlled by the rebels.
1995 Feb, In Zurich,
Switzerland, the police clamped down on the open drug scene and
dispersed the junkies. There were an estimated 30,000 addicts in the
(SFC, 7/11/97, p.A11)
1995 Mar 1, At the 37th annual
Grammy Awards in Los Angeles, Sheryl Crow won record of the year for
"All I Wanna Do" while Tony Bennett's "MTV Unplugged" was named best
1995 Mar 1, As of this day
Belgian armed forces consisted of professional volunteers only.
1995 Mar 1, The Bosnian Serb
government received a $60 million mortgage for the oil refinery in
Srpski Brod from a Liberian-owned company, Orbal Marketing Service
Ltd. [see Jan 1995] Delivery was made to the Bosnian Serbs in late
March of a supposed nuclear device of red mercury at the Gradiska
border. It was discovered to be a swindle.
1995 Mar 1, Jozef Oleksy
succeeded Waldemar Pawlak as premier of Poland.
1995 Mar 1, Somalia militiamen
loyal to warlord Mohamed Farrah Aidid seized control of the
Mogadishu airport after peacekeepers withdrew.
1995 Mar 1, Vitaly Massol,
Ukraine premier, resigned.
1995 Mar 1, Julio Maria
Sanguinetti was sworn in as President of Uruguay.
1995 Mar 2, The US Senate
rejected the balanced-budget amendment; the vote, 65-35, was two
votes shy of the two-thirds majority needed for passage.
1995 Mar 2, Ted Truman, a top
int’l. staffer at the Federal Reserve, reported to Alan Greenspan
that massive dollar sales were driving down the US currency. In
response the Fed and Treasury bought $600 million in marks and yen
and repeated the action next day joined by 13 central banks. The
(WSJ, 1/18/05, p.A13)
1995 Mar 2, "Smokey Joe's
Café," previewed on Feb 9, opened at Virginia Theater in NYC.
1995 Mar 2, The space shuttle
STS-67 (Endeavour 8) blasted off to study the far reaches of the
1995 Mar 2, Ferry boat sank off
Sumbe, Angola, and over 42 people were killed.
1995 Mar 2, British trader Nick
Leeson, blamed for the collapse of Barings PLC, was detained in
1995 Mar 2, The last U.N.
peacekeepers in Somalia were evacuated.
1995 Mar 3, President Clinton
held a news conference in which he asserted his administration had
built a safer world and stronger economy while Republicans were
trying to cut money for the needy to give tax breaks to the rich.
1995 Mar 3, The dollar plunged
to a new low against the Japanese yen.
1995 Mar 3, Howard Hunter (87),
US leader of Mormon Church (1994-95), died.
1995 Mar 3, Camilla Parker
Bowles and her husband Andrew divorced.
1995 Mar 3, In Georgia Glenn
Turner (31) was discovered dead in bed by his wife. A Cobb medical
examiner ruled that he died from an irregular heartbeat. Lynn Turner
murdered her police officer husband, Glenn Turner, to get his life
insurance money. In 2001 she killed her boyfriend, Randy Thompson,
by poisoning him with antifreeze. In 2007 Turner (38), convicted in
2004 for her husband’s death, was convicted again for the Thompson’s
murder. Turner (42) died in prison on Aug 30, 2010.
3/25/07, p.A3)(SFC, 8/31/10, p.A7)
1995 Mar 3, A car bomb exploded
at a mosque in Karachi, Pakistan, and 10 people were killed.
1995 Mar 4, President Clinton,
in his weekly radio address, said spending cuts proposed by
congressional Republicans would gut safe-school and anti-drug
programs needed to protect children.
1995 Mar 5, An Australian yacht
broke in two and sank in heavy wind and fierce winds off the
Southern California coast, the first sinking in the history of
America's Cup racing; all 17 crew members were rescued.
1995 Mar 6, The US
Republican-controlled House took up business-backed legislation to
alter the civil legal system over White House objections that some
of the proposals were too extreme. The House passed the measure the
1995 Mar 7, New York Gov.
George Pataki signed a death penalty bill into law. NY became the
38th state to adopt the death penalty.
1995 Mar 7, In a
near-party-line vote, the House passed, 232-193, a business-backed
measure designed to pressure combatants in lawsuits to settle their
differences short of costly trials.
1995 Mar 8, Two United States
diplomats were killed, one injured, when their car was ambushed as
they were driving to the U.S. Consulate in Karachi, Pakistan.
1995 Mar 8, The plummeting
dollar stabilized after Federal Reserve Chairman Alan Greenspan
called the decline unwarranted.
1995 Mar 9, US House
Republicans unveiled their long-promised tax cut for families,
businesses and investors.
1995 Mar 9, President Clinton
eased travel restrictions on Sinn Fein leader Gerry Adams and
invited him to the White House for St. Patrick's Day.
1995 Mar 9, Los Angeles police
detective Mark Fuhrman took the stand at the O.J. Simpson murder
trial, denying ever meeting a woman who had accused him of making
1995 Mar 9, President
Konstantine Karamanlis (1907-1998) of Greece, resigned.
1995 Mar 9, Ian Ballantine
(b.1916), US publisher, died of a heart attack. He founded and
published the paperback line of Ballantine Books from 1952 to 1974
with his wife, Betty.
1995 Mar 10, The Labor US
Department reported the nation's unemployment rate for February
dropped to 5.4 percent, down 0.003 from the month before.
1995 Mar 10, The Clinton
administration released $3 billion to support Mexico's faltering
economy. Former Mexican President Carlos Salinas de Gortari fled to
the United States.
1995 Mar 10, The book
"Blindside: Why Japan Is Still on Track to Overtake the US by the
year 2000," by Eamonn Fingleton, was published. He argued that the
Japanese economic slump was a ruse to lull rivals into complacency.
(WSJ, 1/11/00, p.A14)
1995 Mar 10, Alexander
Hyatt-King (b.1911), Mozart scholar, died.
1995 March 11, A bridge on I-5
near Coalinga, Ca. was washed away. 14 people lost their lives in
the March floods in California. Damage was estimated at $2 billion.
(HFA, '96, p.73)
1995 Mar 11, President Clinton
nominated Deputy Defense Secretary John Deutch to be CIA director.
1995 Mar 11, Gerry Adams,
leader of the IRA-allied Sinn Fein party, arrived in the United
States for a St. Patrick's Day visit.
1995 Mar 12, President Clinton
declared 39 California counties disaster areas after storms and
floods battered two-thirds of the state.
1995 Mar 12, Gordon B. Hinckley
(1910-2008), a grandson of Mormon pioneers, took over as president
and prophet of the Mormon church.
1995 Mar 12, World leaders
wound up a weeklong summit in Copenhagen, Denmark, committing
themselves to fighting poverty, but differing on how to do so.
1995 Mar 13, Two Americans
working for U.S. defense contractors in Kuwait, David Daliberti and
William Barloon, were seized by Iraq after they strayed across the
border; sentenced to eight years in prison, both were freed the
1995 Mar 13, Istanbul police
killed at least 15 Alawi (Alevi) demonstrators.
1995 Mar 14, American astronaut
Norman Thagard became the first American to enter space aboard a
Russian rocket as he and two cosmonauts blasted off board a Soyuz
spacecraft, headed for the Mir space station.
1995 Mar 15, President Clinton
issued an executive order formally blocking a $1 billion contract
between Conoco and Iran to develop a huge offshore oil tract in the
1995 Mar 15, Lockheed Corp. and
Martin Marietta officially merged to form the Lockhhedd Martin Corp.
1995 Mar 16, House Republicans
pushed through $17 billion in spending cuts, prompting a veto threat
by the White House.
1995 Mar 16, Mississippi
formally ratified 13th Amendment and abolished slavery.
1995 Mar 16, NASA astronaut
Norman Thagard was welcomed aboard the Russian space station Mir as
the first American to visit the orbiting outpost.
1995 Mar 17, The White House
hosted a St. Patrick's Day reception for Irish Prime Minister John
Bruton which was attended by Sinn Fein leader Gerry Adams.
1995 Mar 17, The federal
government approved the nation's first chicken pox vaccine, Varivax
by Merck & Co.
1995 Mar 17, Flor
Contemplacion, a Filipino maid, was hanged in Singapore for murder,
despite international pleas to spare her.
1995 Mar 18, The United States
Catholic Conference's administrative board criticized a Republican
welfare reform plan, saying it would hurt poor children and could
push women to have abortions.
1995 Mar 18, Michael Jordan
announced that he was ending his 17 month NBA retirement.
1995 Mar 18, Spain's Princess
Elena married a banker, Jaime de Marichalar y Saenz de Tejada, in
Seville; it was Spain's first royal wedding in 89 years.
1995 Mar 19, After giving up an
attempt to become a major league baseball player, Michael Jordan
returned to pro basketball with his former team, the Chicago Bulls.
1995 Mar 19, Finnish voters
throw out the center-right coalition government and give the
opposition Social Democratic Party its biggest election victory
since World War II.
1995 Mar 19, Palestinian gunmen
opened fire on a bus carrying Jewish settlers, killing two people.
1995 Mar 20, Commentator Pat
Buchanan formally launched his presidential campaign in New
1995 Mar 20, Sidney Kingsley,
US playwright (Pulitzer prize 1934), died.
1995 Mar 20, The Bosnian army,
having gained strength despite an arms embargo, launched a major
offensive in the northeast against Serb positions.
(WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A14)(SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)
1995 Mar 20, A gas attack by
the Aum Shinri Kyo cult on Tokyo's subways killed 12 people. More
than 5,500 others sickened when packages containing the poisonous
gas sarin leaked on five separate subway trains. Masato Yokoyama, a
cult leader, was sentenced to death in 1999. In 2000 Robert Jay
Lifton authored "Destroying the World To Save It: Aum Shinrikyo,
Apocalyptic Violence, and the New Global Terrorism." In 2001 Haruki
Murakami's "Underground: The Tokyo Gas Attack and the Japanese
Psyche" was published in English. In 2004 Shoko Asahara was
convicted and sentenced to hang for masterminding the deadly nerve
gas attack on the Tokyo subway and other crimes that killed 27
(SFC, 7/4/96, p.A10)(SFC, 5/27/98, p.A12)(AP,
3/20/97)(SFC, 9/30/99, p.D14)(SFEC, 1/16/00, BR p.9)(SSFC, 4/29/01,
DB p.81)(AP, 2/27/04)
1995 Mar 21, Thousands of
Japanese police raided the offices of a secretive religious group,
Aum Shinri Kyo, in connection with nerve-gas attacks on Tokyo
subways that killed 12 people and sickened thousands. In ensuing
weeks they found tons of chemicals used to make sarin nerve gas and
evidence of biological weapons research.
(SFC, 4/24/96, p.A8)(AP, 3/21/00)
1995 Mar 22, Shouting erupted
in the U.S. House of Representatives as Democrats bitterly accused
majority Republicans of trying to ram through a mean-spirited
welfare overhaul bill.
1995 Mar 22, Convicted Long
Island Rail Road gunman Colin Ferguson was sentenced to life in
prison for killing six people.
1995 Mar 23, "How To Succeed in
Business Without Really Trying" opened at the Roy Rodgers NYC for
1995 Mar 23, Secretary of State
Warren Christopher met with Russian Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev
in Geneva; afterward, Kozyrev said the U.S.-Russia "honeymoon has
come to an end," referring to disagreements over Chechnya and
nuclear sales to Iran.
1995 Mar 23, Former Mexican
deputy attorney general Mario Ruiz Massieu, brother of slain
Francisco, was arrested in Newark N.J. after failing to declare
$46,000 in cash.
(SFC, 3/13/97, p.A14)(SFC, 7/15/98, p.A8)(SFC,
1995 Mar 24, The House of
Representatives passed, 234-to-199, a welfare reform package calling
for the most profound changes in social programs since the New Deal;
President Clinton criticized the bill, saying it was "weak on work
and tough on children."
1995 Mar 24, For the first time
in 20 years, no British soldiers were patrolling the streets of
Belfast, Northern Ireland.
1995 Mar 24, Joseph Needham
(b.1900), British biochemist and writer, died. His work included the
24-volume “Science and Civilization in China." In 2008 Simon
Winchester authored “The Man Who Loved China: The Fantastic Story of
the Eccentric Scientist Who Unlocked the Mysteries of the Middle
1995 Mar 25, Mike Tyson was
released from the Indiana Youth Center after serving three years for
the 1992 rape of Desiree Washington, a beauty pageant contestant.
1995 Mar 25, Two Americans who
had strayed across the Kuwaiti border into Iraq were sentenced to
eight years in prison. However, David Daliberti and William Barloon
were released by Iraq the following July.
1995 Mar 25, Warren E. Burger,
chief justice of US (1969-86), died.
1995 Mar 26, "Defending the
Caveman" opened at Helen Hayes Theater in NYC for 671 performances.
1995 Mar 26, "Moliere Comedies"
closed at Criterion Theater in NYC after 56 performances.
1995 Mar 26, In the 15th Golden
Raspberry Awards: Color of Night won.
1995 Mar 26, The National Labor
Relations Board, in an extraordinary Sunday session, voted 3-2 to
seek an injunction against baseball owners as a
seven-and-a-half-month-old strike by players continued.
1995 Mar 26, Former US
diplomat-turned-radio talk show host Alan Keyes entered the race for
the Republican presidential nomination.
1995 Mar 26, Uzbek Pres.
Karimov's period in office is extended by three years, to 2000, in a
1995 Mar 27, The 67th Academy
Awards, held at the Shrine Auditorium in LA, was hosted by David
Letterman. "Forrest Gump" won six Academy Awards, including best
picture and a second consecutive Best Actor Oscar for Tom Hanks;
Jessica Lange won Best Actress for "Blue Sky."
(AP, 3/27/00)(SFC, 3/22/02, p.D1)
1995 Mar 27, Former President
Jimmy Carter announced he had brokered a two-month cease-fire
between Sudan's Islamic government and rebels.
1995 Mar 27, Joanne Marie
Mascha, an Ursuline Sister, was murdered while walking near her
motherhouse just outside Cleveland.
(MT, 3/96, p.10)
1995 Mar 27, In Italy Maurizio
Gucci (46), businessman, was shot to death in Milan. He was the last
family member to have held shares in the Gucci fashion company, now
part of the Bahrain-based Investcorp. In 1997 police arrested his
former wife, a psychic, a doorman, and two hitmen for their roles in
the murder. In 1998 Patrizia Reggiani Martinelli (50) was convicted
and sentenced to 29 years in prison. The psychic got 25, the doorman
got 26, the driver got 29 and the gunman got life.
(SFC, 2/1/97, p.A12)(SFC, 11/4/98, p.A13)
1995 Mar 28, Loomis guard Rick
Price was shot in the head and killed during an armored car robbery
in Sonoma, Ca. Bank robber William Crouch was also killed by a
second guard and alleged accomplice Joan Carrafa of Glen Ellen was
later arrested. She was convicted in 1996 for first degree murder.
(SFC, 5/25/96, p.A16)
1995 Mar 28, In Japan,
Mitsubishi Bank and the Bank of Tokyo agreed to a merger to create
what was then the world's largest bank.
1995 Mar 29, The US House of
Representatives rejected, 227-204, a constitutional amendment
placing term limits on lawmakers. The rejected proposal would have
limited terms to 12 years in the House and Senate.
1995 Mar 30, Pope John Paul II
issued the 11th encyclical of his papacy in which he condemned
abortion and euthanasia as crimes that no human laws could
1995 Mar 30, In Japan Takaji
Kunimatsu, chief of the National Police Agency, was seriously
wounded by a masked gunman. Two months later a police officer
confessed to the attack. He was a member of the Aum Shinri Kyo cult
and said that he was ordered to carry out the attack. The confession
was kept secret until anonymous newspaper accounts warned of a
cover-up in 1996.
(SFC, 10/30/96, p.A1,6)
1995 Mar 30, Tens of thousands
of Rwandan refugees, fleeing violence in Burundi, began a two-day
trek to sanctuary in Tanzania.
1995 Mar 31, US baseball
players agreed to end their 232-day strike after a judge granted a
preliminary injunction against club owners.
1995 Mar 31, President Clinton
briefly visited Haiti, where he declared the U.S. mission to restore
democracy there a "remarkable success."
1995 Mar 31, Mexican-American
singer Selena, 23, was shot to death in Corpus Christi, Texas, by
the founder of her fan club. Yolanda Saldivar was convicted of
murder and sentenced to life in prison.
1995 Mar 31, Fred Cuny
(b.1944), American disaster relief specialist, disappeared in
Chechnya and was never found. He used his training in engineering to
do humanitarian work and worked in countries such as Biafra,
Guatemala, Ethiopia, Iraq, Somalia, and Bosnia. Cuny (50), an envoy
for George Soros' Open Society Institute, was shot and killed by
Chechen gunmen. In 1999 Scott Anderson published "The Man Who Tried
to Save the World: The Dangerous Life and Mysterious Disappearance
of Fred Cuny."
(http://www.onlineethics.org/cms/14193.aspx)(SFEC, 6/6/99, BR p.1)
1995 Mar, Authorities arrested
75 people in the biggest dogfighting bust in San Francisco history.
(SFC, 4/14/96, p.C-9)
1995 Mar, Sun Microsystems made
a general release of its new software renamed JAVA from Oak. [2nd
source said May] It was based on C++ language.
(SFEM, 12/8/96, p.8)(WSJ, 8/27/97, p.A1)
1995 Mar, Uniroyal Chemical
Corp. went public.
(WSJ, 5/28/96, R45)
1995 Mar, David Filo and Jerry
Yang, graduates students of Stanford Univ., turned their hobby into
a business. In 1994 they had started a guide to their favorite sites
on the Internet: Jerry and David’s Guide to the World Wide Web." The
site was soon renamed Yahoo: "Yet Another Hierarchical Officious
(WSJ, 3/6/00, p.B1)(SFC, 7/18/00, p.A8)(WSJ,
1995 Mar, In Louisiana Patsy
Byers, a convenience store clerk, was shot and seriously wounded by
Sarah Edmonson and Benjamin Darrus. The two had just killed a
Mississippi man and later asserted that the film "Natural Born
Killers" inspired their actions.
(SFC, 3/9/99, p.A3)
1995 Mar, Neo-Nazi Gary Lauck
of the US was arrested in Denmark and extradited to Germany for
supplying hate literature and paraphernalia.
(SFC, 8/23/96, p.A18)
1995 Mar, Sen. Robert
Torricelli of the House Intelligence Oversight Committee accused the
CIA of a cover-up in 2 Guatemalan murders. A review in 1996 showed
that Alpirez was on the CIA payroll from 1988-1992 and that he was
involved in the cover-up of the 1990 murder of Michael Devine and
had participated in the 1992 interrogation and likely torture of
Efraim Bamaca, a captured Guatemalan guerrilla, killed in captivity
and married to an American lawyer.
(SFC, 5/4/96, p.A6)(SFC, 5/7/96, p.A10)(SFEC,
1995 Mar, Monya Elson was
arrested in Italy. He was extradited to the US in Aug 1996. In 1993
he had fled to Italy from the US. He was suspected of masterminding
a reign of terror over Russian immigrants through the 1980s and
1990s. His Monya’s Brigade operated out of Brighton Beach, New York.
(SFC, 8/24/96, p.A8)
1995 Mar, In Mich. Jonathan
Schmitz shot and killed Scott Amedure 3 days after the 2 appeared on
the "Jenny Jones Show," where Schmitz learned that his secret
admirer was Amedure. Schmitz was convicted of murder in 1996 but the
verdict was overturned due to an error in jury selection. Schmitz
was sentenced to a 25-50 year prison term. In 1999 a jury pronounced
a $25 million verdict against the producers of the show in a
wrongful death suit by the family of Amedure. In Aug 1999 a 2nd jury
convicted Schmitz of murder. Judge Wendy Pots sentenced Schmitz to
25-50 years in prison.
(SFC, 4/2/99, p.A3)(SFC, 5/8/99, p.A1)(SFC,
8/27/99, p.A13)(SFC, 9/15/99, p.A6)
1995 Mar, In the US Eugenio
Perente-Ramos, leader of the leftist cult that called itself the
Provisional Communist Party or the National Labor Federation, died.
(SFC, 11/13/96, p.A3)
1995 Mar, Secret negotiations
took place in Mexico between Pres. Ernesto Zedillo and his
predecessor Carlos Salinas They struck a deal to protect Salinas
from prosecution or interrogation on corruption and murder charges.
The episode was described in the book "Bordering On Chaos:
Guerrillas, Stockbrokers, Politicians and Mexico’s Road to
Prosperity" by Andres Oppenheimer.
(SFC, 6/3/96, BR p.12)
1995 Mar, In Nigeria retired
Gen’l. Olusegun Obasanjo, former head of state, was arrested by the
military junta on suspicion of complicity in an alleged coup.
(WSJ, 1/2/98, p.8)
1995 Mar, The Korean Peninsula
Energy Development Organization (KEDO) was formed. It was charged
with building 2 light-water reactors in North Korea.
(WSJ, 1/30/03, p.A1)
1995 Apr 1, Aaron, a
computer-driven robot began painting a new 25 sq. ft canvas on a
daily basis. It was designed and programmed by Harold Cohen, a San
Diego computer scientist. The event was scheduled to start in Boston
at 300 Congress St. and go to May 29.
(WSJ, 3/28/95, p.A24)
1995 Apr 1, More than 1,500
mourners attended a vigil for Mexican-American singer Selena in
Corpus Christi, Texas, where she had been shot to death the day
1995 Apr 1, U.N. peacekeepers
officially took over from the U.S.-led multinational force in Haiti.
1995 Apr 1, With U.S. Defense
Secretary William Perry looking on, Ukraine began the process of
dismantling its nuclear missiles.
1995 Apr 1, In Spain infantry
brigadier Mariano de Juan Santamaria was shot in the head in the
northern city of San Sebastian. In 2014 ETA member Juan Ramon
Carasatorre Aldaz (52) was sentenced to 29 years for the killing.
Two others were already sentenced for taking part in the same crime.
1995 Apr 2, Baseball owners
accepted the players' union offer to play without a contract, ending
the longest and costliest strike in the history of professional
1995 Apr 2, The NYC Police Dept
and Transit Police merged into one organization.
1995 Apr 2, Members of the
extremist group Hamas accidentally set off a bomb that tore through
their hideout in the Gaza Strip, killing six people.
1995 Apr 3, UCLA defeated
Arkansas, 89-78, to win the NCAA basketball championship.
1995 Apr 3, Former United Way
of America President William Aramony was convicted in Alexandria,
Va., of 25 counts of fraud for stealing nearly $600,000 dollars from
the nation's biggest charity.
1995 Apr 4, Francisco Martin
Duran, who had raked the White House with semiautomatic rifle fire
in October 1994, was convicted in Washington of trying to
assassinate President Clinton. Duran was later sentenced to 40 years
1995 Apr 4, Sen. Alfonse
D'Amato, R-N.Y., used a mock Japanese accent to ridicule O.J.
Simpson trial judge Lance Ito on a nationally syndicated radio
program. He apologized two days later on the Senate floor.
1995 Apr 4, Fierce fighting
continues in Algeria as Muslim revolutionaries struggle against the
military regime in power. It is estimated that over 1,000 people are
being killed per month. France backs the military regime who,
stopped free elections last year when it was clear that the Muslim
fundamentalists were going to win.
1995 Apr 4, It was reported
that Nuclear Matrix Proteins that act as a type of scaffolding for
DNA were being used as markers for cancer. They were also thought to
help turn genes off and on.
(WSJ, 4/4/95, B-1)
1995 Apr 5, The House of
Representatives passed, 246-188, a tax-cut bill, the final major
item in the Republicans' "Contract with America."
1995 Apr 5, The Mekong
Agreement created the Mekong River Commission with Cambodia, Laos,
Thailand and Vietnam as members.
1995 Apr 6, The US Senate
unanimously approved a $16 billion package of cuts in social
programs. Earlier in the day, Sen. Alfonse D'Amato, R-N.Y.,
apologized on the Senate floor for lampooning O.J. Simpson trial
judge Lance Ito on a nationally syndicated radio program by
employing a mock Japanese accent.
1995 Apr 7, President Clinton
threatened to veto a lengthy list of bills passed by the
Republican-controlled House if they were not modified in the Senate.
1995 Apr 7, In a prime-time
television address, House Speaker Newt Gingrich declared the GOP
"Contract with America" was only a beginning.
1995 Apr 8, Former Secretary of
Defense Robert S. McNamara, in an interview with AP Network News and
"Newsweek" magazine to promote his memoir “In Retrospect," called
America's Vietnam War policy "terribly wrong."
1995 Apr 9, Women’s rights
supporters rallied near the U.S. Capitol to protest violence against
1995 Apr 9, Two Palestinians
blew themselves up outside two Jewish settlements in the Gaza Strip
and killed seven Israeli soldiers and an American, Alisa Flatow
(20). The Islamic Jihad and Hamas took responsibility. In 1998 a US
district court judge ordered the government of Iran to pay $247
million in damages to the family of Flatow.
(WSJ, 3/6/96, p. A15)(G&M, 7/31/97, p.A8)
1995 Apr 9, Alberto Fujimori
was re-elected president of Peru.
1995 Apr 10, Sen. Bob Dole
launched his third bid for the White House in Topeka, Kansas.
1995 Apr 10, The Unabomber sent
a letter to the New York Times claiming responsibility for the
killing of Thomas Mosser.
(SFEC,11/9/97, Z1 p.5)
1995 Apr 10, NYC enacted the
Smoke Free Air Act which banned smoking in all restaurants that
seated 35 or more.
1995 Apr 10, Chen Yun (b.1905),
one of China’s “eight immortals," died. He helped create
1995 Apr 10, In Vietnam San
Francisco Mayor Frank Jordan and Chairman Truong Tan Sang of Ho Chi
Minh People’s Committee signed an Agreement on Friendship
(SFC, 7/14/15, p.A3)
1995 Apr 11, Pres. Clinton
expressed sympathy for Pakistan's anger over the blocked sale of
American fighter jets, telling visiting PM Benazir Bhutto that it
was "not right" for the United States to keep the planes and refuse
to give the money back. Pakistan received jets in 2005.
(AP, 4/11/00)(Reuters, 3/26/05)
1995 Apr 12, In a move that
stunned the business world, billionaire Kirk Kerkorian and former
Chrysler Chairman Lee Iacocca made an unsolicited $22.8
billion-dollar bid to buy the nation's third largest automaker;
Chrysler responded that it wasn't for sale.
1995 Apr 13, Bob Dornan became
the seventh GOP presidential contender.
1995 Apr 13, A federal appeals
court opened the way for Shannon Faulkner to become the first woman
to undergo military training at The Citadel.
1995 Apr 14, The UN Security
Council (Resolution 986) gave permission to Iraq, still under
sanctions for its invasion of Kuwait, to sell $2 billion dollars'
worth of oil to buy food, medicine and other supplies. Iraq later
rejected the offer.
(AP, 4/14/00)(SFC, 9/24/02, p.A12)
1995 Apr 14, Actor-singer Burl
Ives died in Anacortes, Wash., at age 85.
1995 Apr 15, In his weekly
radio address, President Clinton asked Congress to protect a short
list of key legislation, saying he was giving the highest priority
to welfare reform, targeted tax cuts and a crime bill preserving the
assault weapons ban.
1995 Apr 16, In his Easter
Sunday message, Pope John Paul II sent a message of peace to victims
of unrest, including the Palestinians and Kurds.
1995 Apr 16, Cleo Brown
(b.1909), boogie pianist, died in Denver, Colorado.
1995 Apr 17, President Clinton
signed an executive order stripping the classified label from most
national security documents that were at least 25 years old.
1995 Apr 17, An Air Force jet
exploded and crashed in a wooded area in eastern Alabama, killing
eight people, including an assistant Air Force secretary and a
1995 Apr 18, Quarterback Joe
Montana retired from professional football.
1995 Apr 18, President Clinton
held a prime-time news conference in which he said he was satisfied
that he remained relevant in a Republican-dominated capital, and
challenged Congress to send him an acceptable welfare bill by July
1995 Apr 18, The Houston Post
closed after 116 years.
1995 Apr 19, At 9:02 A.M.
Oklahoma City, USA, a large car bomb exploded at the Alfred P.
Murrah Federal Building killing 168 people, and injuring 500
including many children in the building’s day care center. Within a
week a suspect, Timothy McVeigh, was caught and charged. Two
suspects, Timothy McVeigh and Terry Nichols, faced trial. McVeigh
was arrested during a routine traffic stop 78 miles from Oklahoma
City on weapons charges the same day. Timothy McVeigh and Terry
Nichols, were later convicted of charges related to the bombing.
Michael Fortier, a key government witness and friend of Nichols and
McVeigh, was sentenced to 12 years in prison in 1998 for failing to
warn authorities, lying to the FBI, transporting stolen weapons and
conspiring to fence stolen weapons. In 1999 Fortier's sentence was
overturned and a more lenient sentence was ordered under
manslaughter guidelines. In Oct a new 12-year sentence was issued.
McVeigh was later convicted of federal murder charges and executed.
(NPR, 4/19/95)(SFC, 4/29/97, p.A2)(SFC, 5/28/98,
p.A3)(SFC, 7/1/99, p.A3)(SFC, 10/9/99, p.A7)(AP, 4/19/06)
1995 Apr 19, J. Peter Grace Jr.
(81), CEO (W R Grace), died.
1995 Apr 19, In Spain a failed
ETA car-bomb attempted to kill conservative opposition leader and
future Prime Minister Jose Maria Aznar.
1995 Apr 19, In Sri Lanka the
Tigers broke the truce and blew up 2 navy boats and killed 12
sailors in the port of Trincomalee.
(SFC, 7/24/96, p.A9)
1995 Apr 20, In the aftermath
of the Oklahoma City bombing, the FBI announced it was looking for
two men suspected of renting the truck used to carry the explosive;
rescue teams suspended the search for survivors so that the
remaining structure of the Alfred P. Murrah Building could be shored
1995 Apr 21, The FBI arrested
former soldier Timothy McVeigh at an Oklahoma jail where he had
spent two days on minor traffic and weapons charges; he was charged
in connection with the Oklahoma City bombing two days earlier in
which over 200 people were killed by a truck bomb that exploded in
front of a Federal building.
(AP, 4/21/00)(HN, 4/21/99)
1995 Apr 22, Jane Kenyon (47),
poet, died in New Hampshire. In 1996 William Bolcom premiered a song
cycle, Briefly It Enters, based on 9 of her poems in Ann Arbor,
Mich. In 2005 Joyce Peseroff edited “Simply Lasting: Writers on Jane
(SFC, 10/17/96, E1)(www.poems.com/halinter.htm)
1995 Apr 22, Maggie Kuhn (89),
activist (Gray Panthers), died at her home in Pennsylvania.
1995 Apr 22, In Africa, Rwandan
government troops killed thousands of Hutu refugees in Kibeho. The
Tutsi-led government troops cleared a huge refugee camp that they
said was full of Hutu extremists. Human rights officials said that
at least 4,000 Hutus were killed, many shot, and many trampled.
Tutsi officers involved received only token punishments.
(SFC, 4/8/99, p.C3)(HN, 4/22/99)(SFC, 4/8/02,
1995 Apr 23, Pres. Clinton
declared a national day of mourning for the victims of the Oklahoma
1995 Apr 23, Sportscaster
Howard Cosell died in New York at age 77. In 2011 Mark Ribowsky
authored “Howard Cosell: The Man, the Myth, and the Transformation
of American Sports."
(AP, 4/23/00)(SSFC, 12/11/11, p.F1)
1995 Apr 23, Former Sen. John
C. Stennis (D-Miss.) died in Jackson, Miss., at age 93.
1995 Apr 23, Hideo Murai, head
of the science ministry of the Aum Shinri Kyo cult, was stabbed and
killed. Police suspected that a cult leader ordered his murder so
that he would not testify about Aum’s nerve gas production.
(SFC, 4/24/96, p.A8)
1995 Apr 24, Dow Jones Index
hit a record 4303.98.
1995 Apr 24, California
Forestry Assoc. Pres. Gilbert P. Murray, 47, was killed by a mail
bomb at his headquarters in Sacramento. The bomb was attributed to
the Unabomber. Gilbert B. Murray, chief lobbyist for the wood
products industry, was killed by a package bomb linked to the
Unabomber. Theodore Kaczynski was later sentenced to four lifetimes
in prison for a series of bombings that killed three men and injured
(WSJ, 4/5/96, p.A-2)(AP, 4/24/05)
1995 Apr 25, Show business
legend Ginger Rogers died in Rancho Mirage, Calif., at age 83.
1995 Apr 26, The US Supreme
Court led by Chief Justice William Rehnquist overturned a federal
law banning gun possession near schools on the grounds that it was
beyond the scope of congress power to regulate interstate commerce.
(SSFC, 9/4/05, p.A3)(http://tinyurl.com/6zlv6)
1995 Apr 26, One week after the
Oklahoma City bombing, Americans observed a minute of silence in
honor of the victims.
1995 Apr 27, Former Orange
County, Calif., Treasurer Robert Citron pleaded guilty to six counts
of defrauding investors in the county investment pool.
1995 Apr 27, Willem Frederik
Hermans (b.1921), Dutch author, died. His 1966 novel “Beyond Sleep"
was considered to be one of the founding works of modern Dutch
literature. In 2007 an English translation became available.
1995 Apr 28, In Taegu, South
Korea, a gas line exploded in the middle of an intersection crowded
with morning traffic, killing 101 people.
1995 Apr 28-1995 Apr 29, In Sri
Lanka Tigers used anti-aircraft missiles for the first time and
downed 2 air force transport planes that killed 90 people.
(SFC, 7/24/96, p.A9)
1995 Apr 29, 10 days after the
blast, rescue workers in Oklahoma City continued the grim task of
searching for bodies and pulling debris from the Alfred P. Murrah
Federal Building, where 168 people died.
1995 Apr 30, President Clinton
announced he would end U.S. trade and investment with Iran,
denouncing the Tehran government as "inspiration and paymaster to
1995 Apr 30, Federated merged
the A&S (Abraham & Straus) stores into Macy's,
Bloomingdale's and Stern's.
1995 Apr 30, More than 10,000
soldiers, students and children in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam,
celebrated the 20th anniversary of the end of the war.
1995 Apr, Don Grolnick
(1948-1996), pianist, songwriter and producer, was musical director
for the Rainforest Foundation concert at Carnegie Hall. An album by
his Latin jazz group, Medianoche, was to be released in 8/96.
(SFC, 6/4/96, p.A19)
1995 Apr, In Bosnia the
intelligence cell of Gen. Smith determined that Mladic was preparing
for a major push to seize the 3 eastern safe areas: Srebrenica, Zepa
(SFC, 6/4/96, p.A12)
1995 Apr, Aurora Castillo
(d.1998 at 84) was one of the winners of the Goldman Environmental
Prize for her work in East Los Angeles.
(SFC, 5/16/98, p.A21)
1995 Apr, Seventeen lawmakers
from the Belarussian Peoples Front (BNF), who refused to leave the
parliament in protest of Lukashenko’s call to dump the red and white
flag, were beat up by police and dragged out.
(SFC, 9/2/96, p.A14)
1995 Apr, In the Philippines
Abu Sayyaf rebels raided the market town of Ipil. The looted banks,
seized dozens of "human shields," and executed 54 villagers.
(WSJ, 9/25/01, p.A12)
1995 Apr, Uganda broke off ties
(SFC, 12/7/96, p.A10)
1995 Apr, In Zaire the
parliament passed a resolution that prevented refugees from Rwanda
and Burundi from obtaining Zairean citizenship.
(WSJ, 11/15/96, p.A16)
1995 May 1, President Clinton
defended his choice for surgeon general, Henry Foster, as a
"pro-life, pro-choice doctor."
1995 May 1, Charges that
Qubilah Shabazz, the daughter of Malcolm X, had plotted to murder
Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan were dropped as jury
selection for her trial was about to begin in Minneapolis.
1995 May 1, The Croatian army
captured the Serb enclave of Western Slavonia in its first major bid
to retake territories occupied in 1991. In reply the Krajina Serbs
launched a rocket attack on Zagreb, the Croatian capital. Milan
Martic, Croatian Serb leader of rebel Serb forces, ordered the
shelling of Zagreb. Martic surrendered to the UN war crimes tribunal
(SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)(SFC, 11/30/96, p.A15)(SFC,
1995 May 2, President Clinton
agreed to allow some 20,000 Cubans into the United States after
months of detention at Guantanamo Bay, but said any more Cubans who
fled their country would be forcibly repatriated.
1995 May 2, A new scientific
theory predicted an earthquake for the Central Valley of California
to occur by July 9. It was estimated to be about 6.0 in magnitude
but did not happen.
(local newspaper San Luis Obispo, Ca.)
1995 May 2, Serb missiles
exploded in the heart of Zagreb, killing six.
1995 May 3, The US government
reported that its Index of Leading Economic Indicators dropped half
a percentage point in March 1995, its biggest tumble in two
1995 May 4, India launched the
fourth ASLV-D4 from Sriharikota, successfully placing the SROSS-C2
satellite in orbit.
1995 May 4, An Iranian nuclear
official said spent fuel from Iran's Russian-made reactors,
potential raw material for nuclear bombs, would be returned to
Russia for safeguarding.
1995 May 5, As rescue workers
ended their search for bodies in the Oklahoma City bombing,
President Clinton denounced self-styled anti-government militias,
saying, "How dare you call yourselves patriots and heroes."
1995 May 5, Talks collapsed
between the United States and Japan on averting a trade fight over
1995 May 5, Thunderstorms began
tearing through North Texas, claiming two dozen lives.
1995 May 5, Over 100,000
Ghanaians demonstrated in the streets of Accra for the repeal of an
18% value-added tax. 4 people were killed from gunfire by government
(WSJ, 1/04/00, p.A18)
1995 May 6, Long-shot Thunder
Gulch, ridden by Gary Stevens, won the 121st Kentucky Derby.
(AP, 5/6/00)(WSJ, 5/5/97, p.A16)
1995 May 6, Friends and
relatives of the Oklahoma City bombing victims made a pilgrimage to
the site of the attack.
1995 May 6, In London,
thousands of World War II veterans celebrated the 50th anniversary
of V-E Day.
1995 May 7, Jacques Chirac, the
conservative mayor of Paris, won France's presidency in his third
attempt, defeating Lionel Jospin in a runoff to end 14 years of
1995 May 7, Leaders of 54
nations that fought on both sides in World War II signed olive
leaves in London in a ceremony of reconciliation.
1995 May 8, Helmut Oberlander
(b.1924), a former Nazi decorated for service in a death squad that
executed 91,678 people in southern Russia, was extradited to Canada
(SSFC, 4/4/10, Par.
1995 May 8, A monster storm
began dumping 18 inches of rain on southeast Louisiana, flooding
homes and killing five people.
1995 May 8, Fifty years after
Nazi Germany's capitulation in World War II, leaders representing
the victorious powers gathered in Berlin to remember the dead and
pledge peace for the future.
1995 May 9, President Clinton
arrived in Moscow for a summit with Russian President Boris Yeltsin.
1995 May 9, The United States
returned 13 Cuban boat people to their homeland, the first to be
sent back under a new policy bitterly protested by Cuban-Americans.
1995 May 9, Kinshasa, capital
of Zaire, was placed under quarantine after an outbreak of the Ebola
1995 May 10, Terry Nichols was
charged in the Oklahoma City bombing.
1995 May 10, Former President
Bush’s office released his letter of resignation from the National
Rifle Association in which Bush expressed outrage over its reference
to federal agents as "jack-booted government thugs."
1995 May 10, Britain lifted a
23-year ban on ministerial talks with Sinn Fein, the political wing
of the Irish Republican Army.
1995 May 10, One-hundred-four
miners were killed in an elevator accident in Orkney, South Africa.
1995 May 11, A United Nations
conference indefinitely extended the Nuclear Non-Proliferation
Treaty, which was originally set to expire after 25 years. The 5
nuclear nations agreed this year that steps toward disarmament
should not have to await universal disarmament.
(AP, 5/11/00)(Econ, 6/10/06, p.21)
1995 May 12, President Clinton,
during a stopover in Ukraine, visited Babi Yar, where the Nazis
massacred more than 30,000 Kiev Jews in 1941.
1995 May 13, Army Capt.
Lawrence Rockwood was convicted at his court-martial in Fort Drum,
N.Y., of conducting an unauthorized investigation of reported human
rights abuses at a Haitian prison. Rockwood was dismissed from the
military the next day.
1995 May 14, Myrlie
Evers-Williams was sworn in to head the NAACP, pledging to lead the
civil rights group away from its recent troubles and restore it as a
political and social force.
1995 May 14, The 11th
reincarnation of the Panchen Lama, Gedhun Choikyi Nyima, was
announced by the exiled Dalai Lama. Gedhun Choekyi (5) disappeared
days after his designation. Six months later China declared
Gyaincain Norbu (Gyaltsen Norbu) (5) as the 11th Panchen Lama.
(SFC, 5/8/97, p.C2)(SFC, 6/19/99, p.A11)(SFC,
1995 May 15, Dow Corning
Corporation filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection, citing
potentially astronomical expenses from liability lawsuits.
1995 May 16, The Clinton
administration threatened punitive tariffs that would double the
prices for Japan's most popular luxury cars.
1995 May 16, Some $10 million
worth of computer microprocessors were stolen from Centon, a chip
firm in Irvine, Ca. The massive "Bytes Dust" task force
investigation resulted in the 2000 racketeering trial of the 4 men
who masterminded the heist. Mady Chan, Hoang Ai Le, John That Luong
and Hui Chi Luong were found guilty. 15 more defendants of "The
Company" awaited trial. In 2001 John That Luong was sentenced to 88
years in prison.
(SFC, 3/1/00, p.A26)(SFC, 6/23/00, p.A14)(SFC,
1995 May 16, Aum Shinri Kyo
cult leader Shoko Asahara was found hiding in a secret room at a
cult compound in Kamikuishiki and arrested. A letter bomb exploded
in Tokyo’s city hall and injured an aid of the governor who had
advocated withdrawing Aum’s religious permit. His teachings declared
that he was Christ, that meditation was required for enlightenment,
and that Armageddon is imminent.
(SFC, 4/24/96, p.A8)(SFC, 11/2/96, p.A9)(SFC,
1995 May 17, The US Senate
ethics committee concluded that Sen. Bob Packwood (R-Ore.) had to
face a full-scale Senate investigation of charges that included
making improper advances toward women.
1995 May 17, Jacques Chirac was
sworn in as president of France, ending the 14-year tenure of
Socialist Francois Mitterrand.
1995 May 18, Triumphant US
Republicans pushed a historic budget through the House that they
said would wring an unprecedented $1.4 trillion in savings from
federal budgets over the next seven years.
1995 May 18, Elisha Cook Jr.
(91), actor (Maltese Falcon, Shane), died.
1995 May 18, Alexander Godunov
(45), ballet dancer, was found dead.
1995 May 18, Robert Harris
(95), English actor (Werewolf of London), died.
1995 May 18, Elizabeth
Montgomery (62), actress (Bewitched), died in Los Angeles.
1995 May 18, Gordon Reynolds
(74), musician, died.
1995 May 19, The Senate voted
99-0 to reject President Clinton's spending blueprint.
1995 May 19, NASA's
administrator unveiled plans to slash thousands of aerospace jobs
and to overhaul virtually every part of the agency.
1995 May 19, AMC Entertainment
Inc. opened the 1st multi-theater film megaplex, the Grand 24, in
(SFC, 5/19/05, p.C3)(WSJ, 5/13/97, p.B1)
1995 May 19, The world's
youngest doctor in the world came to be as India-born Balamurali
Ambati at 17 graduated from Mount Sinai Medical School.
1995 May 20, Timber Country won
the Preakness at Pimlico.
1995 May 20, President Clinton
announced that the two-block stretch of Pennsylvania Avenue in front
of the White House would be permanently closed to motor vehicles as
a security measure.
1995 May 20, CBS News fired
co-anchor Connie Chung.
1995 May 21, Les Aspin (56),
former US Secretary of Defense, died at a Washington D.C. hospital
after suffering a massive stroke.
1995 May 21, Larry Lee
Hillblom, co-founder and majority shareholder of DHL Corp.,
disappeared into the Pacific Ocean in his World War II vintage
seaplane. He was conservatively valued at 500 million and willed
most of his estate to a charitable trust for medical research. $240
million was set aside for medical research at UCSF. He named the
Bank of Saipan as executor but left behind a number of illegitimate
children in the Philippines and the Mariana Islands who are laying
claim to his estate. In 1998 4 children won $90 million settlements
each. Later it was learned that many of his personal effects in
Saipan were buried to avoid DNA tests for paternity confirmation. In
2012 James D. Scurlock authored “The Life and Ruins of a Billionaire
(WSJ, 5/15/96, p.A1,8)(SFEC, 1/11/98, p.A1)(SFEC,
8/16/98, p.A1)(WSJ, 3/20/00, p.A1)(SSFC, 2/12/12, p.F7)
1995 May 22, The Supreme Court
ruled 5-4 that states cannot limit service in Congress without
amending the Constitution.
1995 May 22, "The CBS Evening
News" resumed a single-anchor format with Dan Rather, after Connie
Chung was dropped from the broadcast.
1995 May 23, Leland William
Modjeski (37), a graduate student, was shot and wounded on the White
House lawn after scaling a fence with an unloaded gun.
1995 May 23, The nine-story
hulk of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City was
demolished. That day, James Nichols, whose brother and a friend were
charged in the Oklahoma bombing, was released from federal custody.
1995 May 24, "Hollywood Madam"
Heidi Fleiss was sentenced to three years in prison and fined $1,500
for running a call-girl ring that catered to the rich and famous.
1995 May 24, Gen. Janvier told
the UN Security Council that the Bosnian government forces were
sufficient to defend Srebrenica, that UN troops should be withdrawn
and that NATO air power was not needed.
(SFC, 6/4/96, p.A12)
1995 May 24, Harold Wilson
(79), former British Prime Minister (1964-70, 74-76), died in
(AP, 5/24/00)(MC, 5/24/02)
1995 May 25, NATO warplanes
struck Bosnian Serb headquarters. Serbs answered with swift
defiance, storming UN weapons depots, attacking safe areas and
taking peacekeepers as hostages.
1995 May 25, Dany Robin (68),
French actress (Follow the Boys, Topaz, Julietta), died in a fire in
her Paris apartment.
1995 May 25, Dick Curless
(b.1932), singer, songwriter, died.
1995 May 26, In the tobacco
industry’s largest recall ever, Philip Morris USA halted sales of
several cigarette brands, including some versions of top-selling
Marlboro, because some filters were contaminated.
1995 May 26, Serbs bombarded
Serajevo. On Jun 6 NATO launched 2 air raids against an ammunition
dump in Serb-held central Bosnia.
(SFC, 6/7/96, p.A10)(SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)
1995 May 27, Actor Christopher
Reeve was left paralyzed when he was thrown from his horse during a
jumping event in Charlottesville, Virginia.
1995 May 27, In Bosnia General
Mladić launched an assault against the UN observation point of the
Vrbanja bridge. French soldiers Marcel Amaru and Jacky Humboldt were
killed in the operation of liberating the Vrbanja Bridge under siege
in Sarajevo. They became the symbol of the 84 French soldiers, who
gave their lives for Bosnia.
1995 May 28, Harvard
undergraduate Sinedu Tadesse of Ethiopia stabbed her college
roommate, Trang Ho of Vietnam, 45 times and then hanged herself. In
1997 Melanie Thernstrom wrote: "Halfway Heaven, Diary of a Harvard
Murder" an account of the incident with extensive background
(WSJ, 8/26/97, p.A14)(SFEC,11/16/97, BR p.10)
1995 May 28, Bosnia’s foreign
minister and three colleagues were killed when rebel Serbs shot down
1995 May 28, An earthquake with
a magnitude of seven-point-five devastated the Russian town of
Neftegorsk, killing at least two-thousand people.
1995 May 29, The last three
bodies entombed in the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma
City were recovered.
1995 May 29, Margaret Chase
Smith (97), the first woman to serve in both the House and the
Senate (R-ME), died in Skowhegan, Maine.
1995 May 30, In a letter to UN
Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Bosnian Serb leader Radovan
Karadzic demanded guarantees of no further NATO air attacks and de
facto recognition of a self-styled Serb state.
1995 May 31, President Clinton
declared he was ready to permit the temporary use of American ground
forces in Bosnia to help UN peacekeepers move to safer positions if
1995 May 31, Senator Bob Dole
(Kansas) accused Hollywood of promoting violence, rape and casual
sex in music and movies saying "the mainstreaming of deviancy must
come to an end."
1995 May, Borders bookstores
held an IPO at $14.50 per share.
(WSJ, 9/3/96, p.A6)
1995 May, In Dallas, Texas, the
AMC Grand Cinema opened with 24 screens for moviegoers.
(WSJ, 5/13/97, p.B1)
1995 May, In Chile the Ministry
of Agriculture imposed a System of Appellation for the wine
industry. New labels would correctly indicate a wine’s region of
(SFC, 1/8/96, zz-1 p.4)
1995 May, In China a
pro-democracy peace charter was signed by 56 people to coincide with
the 6th anniversary of student demonstrations. Former student leader
Li Hai was detained after signing the peace charter.
(SFC, 1/1/97, p.C2)
1995 May, In Cuba Robert Lee
Vesco was arrested on charges of marketing Trixolane, a cancer and
arthritis drug, without the government’s knowledge.
(SFC, 8/21/96, p.A8)(Econ, 5/31/08, p.91)
1995 May, In Uganda Museveni
won presidential elections in a landslide. The rebel group West Nile
Bank Front began its campaign against Pres. Yoweri Museveni.
Uganda’s population at this time stood at about 15 million.
(SFC, 3/5/96, p.A9)(SFC, 7/2/96, p.A10)(Econ,
1995 Jun 1, President Clinton
visited Billings, Montana, where he met with farmers and presided
over a televised town hall meeting.
1995 Jun 1, The US Postal
Service issued a 32 cent stamp honoring the late Marilyn Monroe.
1995 Jun 1, James Wolfensohn,
Australian-born financier, took over as head of the World Bank. He
served 2 5-year terms. In 2004 Sebastian Mallaby authored “The
World’s Banker," a view of how the world Bank fared under
(SFC, 9/28/99, p.C16)(www.worldbank.org)(SFC,
1995 Jun 2, A US Air Force
F-16C was shot down by a Bosnian Serb surface-to-air missile while
on a NATO air patrol in northern Bosnia; the pilot, Captain Scott F.
O’Grady, was rescued six days later.
1995 Jun 3, Bosnian Serb
officials made contradictory statements about the whereabouts of an
American pilot, a day after his Air Force jet was shot down. Bosnian
Serb military sources claimed that the pilot, later identified as
Captain Scott F. O’Grady, was in Bosnian Serb hands—a claim that
1995 Jun 3, In Bosnia Mladic
forces seized a Dutch observation post.
(SFC, 6/4/96, p.A12)
1995 Jun 4, At the Tony Awards,
"Sunset Boulevard" won best Broadway musical. "Love! Valour!
Compassion!" by Terrence McNally was chosen best play.
(AP, 6/4/00)(SFC, 7/23/97, p.E1)
1995 Jun 4, Sophie Winter (34),
actress (She's a Good Fighter), died from a misdiagnosed extopic
1995 Jun 4, French General
Bernard Janvier, supreme UN military commander in the former
Yugoslavia, met with Bosnian Serb military commander, Ratko Mladic.
He pleaded for the release of UN captives and offered to halt future
NATO air attacks. Shortly after Yasushi Akashi publicly affirmed
that the UN would abide by peacekeeping principles - shorthand for
no more air attacks.
(SFC, 6/7/96, p.A10)
1995 Jun 4, In Sri Lanka the
Tigers blew up a ship chartered by the Int’l. Committee of the Red
(SFC, 7/24/96, p.A9)
1995 Jun 5, Ron Kirk began
serving as the first black mayor of Dallas, Texas.
1995 Jun 5, "Allison," a
minimal hurricane, buffeted the Gulf Coast with 75 mile-per-hour
winds, swamping streets and spinning off tornadoes but causing no
1995 Jun 5, Trevor Dupuy,
founder of the Dupuy Institute, died. His Washington DC military
think-tank developed software called Tactical Numerical
Deterministic Model that forecast surprisingly accurate casualty
figures for the 1991 Gulf War.
1995 Jun 6, US astronaut Norman
Thagard broke NASA’s space endurance record of 84 days, one hour and
16 minutes, aboard the Russian space station "Mir."
1995 Jun 6, NATO launched 2 air
raids against an ammunition dump in Serb-held central Bosnia. Serb
forces then seized 270 UN peacekeepers, shackled them to potential
targets, and ordered them to plead on camera for the NATO air
attacks to stop.
(SFC, 6/7/96, p.A10)
1995 Jun 7, President Clinton
vetoed his first bill, striking down a Republican plan to cut $16.4
billion in spending.
1995 Jun 7, The maiden flight
of the new Boeing 777 was made from London to Washington.
(WSJ, 1/23/96, p.A12)
1995 Jun 7, Two buses carrying
108 UN peacekeepers freed by the Bosnian Serbs crossed into Serbia.
1995 Jun 8, US Marines rescued
U.S. Air Force pilot Captain Scott O’Grady, whose F-16C fighter jet
had been shot down by Bosnian Serbs on June second.
1995 Jun 8, Mickey Mantle
received a liver transplant at a Dallas hospital; however, the
baseball great succumbed to disease two months later.
(AP, 6/8/00)(HN, 6/8/99)
1995 Jun 9, One week after
being shot down over Bosnia by a Bosnian Serb missile, and a day
after being rescued, US Air Force Captain Scott O’Grady was warmly
welcomed by his comrades at Aviano Air Base in Italy.
1995 Jun 9, UN representative
Akashi summoned Gens. Janvier and Smith to resolve their differences
over military policies in Bosnia. Shortly after Yasushi Akashi
publicly affirmed that the UN would abide by peacekeeping principles
- shorthand for no more air attacks.
(SFC, 6/4/96, p.A10,12)
1995 Jun 10, US Air Force
Captain Scott O’Grady, rescued after being shot down over Bosnia,
described his six-day ordeal at a news conference at Aviano Air Base
in Italy, saying he was no Rambo and no hero.
1995 Jun 10, "Thunder Gulch"
won the Belmont Stakes.
1995 Jun 11, In an
unprecedented joint appearance, President Clinton and House Speaker
Newt Gingrich sparred politely over Medicare and other issues before
an audience of senior citizens in Claremont, New Hampshire.
1995 Jun 11, A bomb exploded at
an outdoor music festival in Medellin, Colombia, spraying shrapnel
that killed at least 28 people and wounded more than 200 others.
1995 Jun 12, The US Supreme
Court dealt a potentially crippling blow to federal affirmative
action programs, ruling Congress was limited by the same strict
standards as states in offering special help to minorities.
1995 Jun 12, Air Force Captain
Scott O’Grady, rescued after being shot down over Bosnia, was
treated to lunch at the White House and a hero’s welcome at the
1995 Jun 13, President Clinton
proposed a ten-year plan for balancing the federal budget, saying in
a televised address his proposal would cut spending by $1.1
1995 Jun 13, France announced
it would abandon its 1992 moratorium on nuclear testing and conduct
eight more tests between September and May.
1995 Jun 14, Stephen Yokich was
elected president of the United Auto Workers at the union’s
triennial convention in Anaheim, California.
1995 Jun 14, Shamil Basayev,
Chechen commander, led a hostage raid on a Russian hospital in
Budyonnovsk [Budennovsk]. Chechen rebels took some 1,500 people
hostage in a hospital in Russia. After a 4-day standoff Sergei
Stepashin ordered troops to storm the hospital and the rebels
escaped with some 100 hostages. Some 100-150 people were killed in
(SFC, 1/25/97, p.A8)(HN, 6/14/98)(SFC, 5/13/99,
p.A16)(SSFC, 11/10/02, p.A11)
1995 Jun 15, The Summit of 7
leading industrialist nations, G-7, met in Halifax, Canada, for
talks on a unified front against terrorism. President Clinton met
with Japanese PM Tomiichi Murayama on the opening day of a Group of
Seven summit in Halifax, Nova Scotia.
(AP, 6/15/00)(SFC, 6/20/97, p.A16)
1995 Jun 15, At the O.J.
Simpson murder trial, Simpson struggled to don a pair of gloves that
prosecutors said were worn the night Simpson’s ex-wife, Nicole, and
her friend, Ronald Goldman, were murdered.
1995 Jun 16, Salt Lake City was
awarded the XIX Winter Olympic Games for 2002. A scandal later
developed over pay-offs.
1995 Jun 16, Bosnian government
forces aided by Bosnian Croats unleashed a major offensive in hopes
of breaking the Serb stranglehold on Sarajevo.
1995 Jun 17, Russian commandos
stormed a hospital where Chechen rebels were holding more than 1,000
hostages, but the Chechens beat the Russians back.
1995 Jun 18, About 300 inmates
trashed an immigration detention center in Elizabeth, New Jersey.
1995 Jun 18, A private plane
carrying the Angolan soccer team crashed in Luanda, Angola, killing
1995 Jun 18, The Bosnian Serbs
announced the resumption of cooperation with the UN. Serbs released
the last 26 UN hostages held since NATO airstrikes. A planned NATO
air strike was vetoed.
1995 Jun 19, The Richmond,
Virginia, Planning Commission approved plans to place a memorial
statue of tennis professional Arthur Ashe.
1995 Jun 19, Jennifer Lea Evans
(21), a vacationing college student, was killed outside a Virginia
Beach nightclub. Navy SEAL trainees Dustin Turner and his best
friend, Billy Joe Brown, were convicted for the same crime. When
they were arrested, each man accused the other of being the killer.
In 2009 Brown said he killed Evans with no help from Turner. Brown
said he wanted to tell the truth after almost 13 years because he
had found religion in prison. A court soon overturned the
convictions against Turner (33).
1995 Jun 20, US Air Force
Captain Jim Wang, a radar officer, was cleared of wrongdoing in a
friendly fire attack on 2 US helicopters over northern Iraq in 1994
that resulted in 26 deaths.
1995 Jun 19, Murray Dickie
(b.1924), opera singer, director, died.
1995 Jun 19, Chechen rebels and
more than 100 human shields rode a convoy of buses back to Chechnya
following the end of a hostage drama at a Russian hospital.
1995 Jun 19, Chinese-American
human rights activist Harry Wu was detained as he tried to enter
China; he was jailed for 66 days before being expelled.
(AP, 6/19/00)(SFC, 5/19/96, Z1, p.3)
1995 Jun 20-1995 Jun 21, The
Mount Zion AME Church in Greeleyville, S.C., was destroyed by fire.
On the next day the Macedonia Baptist Church in Bloomville was
burned. In 1996 two KKK members, Gary Cox and Timothy Welch, were
charged in federal court for setting the fires. They pleaded guilty
on 8/14/96. Former Klansmen Hubert Rowell and Arthur Haley pleaded
guilty to 4 counts of conspiracy in the fires in Dec 1996. In 1998
the Christian Knights of KKK and Horace King, Grand Dragon of South
Carolina, were ordered to pay $37.8 million in damages for the
burning of the Macedonia Baptist church.
(SFC, 7/9/96, p.A6)(SFC, 8/15/96, p.A4)(SFC,
12/10/96, p.A3)(SFC, 7/25/98, p.A3)
1995 Jun 21, Dr. Henry Foster
lost a crucial Senate vote in his bid to become surgeon general as
only 57 senators voted to cut off debate, three short of the 60
needed. One last vote the next day also fell short.
(HN, 6/21/98)(AP, 6/21/00)
1995 Jun 21, Larry Griffin was
executed in Missouri for the murder of Quintin Moss (19). Griffin
asserted his innocence until he died. In 2005 the case was
(Econ, 7/23/05, p.31)
1995 Jun 22, US House and
Senate Republicans announced agreement on a compromise seven-year
budget-balancing plan that would cut taxes by $245 billion and slow
spending for Medicare, Medicaid and dozens of other programs.
1995 Jun 22, Riot police
stormed a hijacked jumbo jet in Hakodate, Japan, freeing all 364
people on board and capturing a lone hijacker.
1995 Jun 22, Nigeria’s former
military ruler Gen. Olusegun Obasanjo and his chief deputy were
charged with conspiracy to overthrow Gen. Sami Abacha’s military
1995 Jun 23, Dr. Jonas Salk,
the medical pioneer who developed the first vaccine to halt the
crippling rampage of polio, died in La Jolla, California, at age 80.
1995 Jun 23, In Mexico Hector
"El Guero" Palma, reputed head of the Sinaloa drug cartel, was
arrested after his plane crashed near Guadalajara. He faced 9 counts
of murder for the killing of 9 relatives and associates of his rival
Miguel Angel Felix Gallardo. Gallardo had earlier decapitated
Palma’s first wife and arranged the murder of his 2 children.
(SFC, 7/18/97, p.A11)
1995 Jun 24, The New Jersey
Devils won the Stanley Cup as they completed a sweep of the Detroit
1995 Jun 24, In his weekly
radio address, President Clinton blamed the failed nomination of Dr.
Henry Foster to be surgeon general on right-wing extremists who, he
said, would "stop at nothing" to outlaw abortion.
1995 Jun 24, Nelson Mandela,
wearing a Springbok rugby shirt and baseball cap, presented the
William Webb Ellis Cup to South African captain Francois Pienaar
following the Springbok win over New Zealand in the Rugby World Cup.
This was the first Rugby World Cup in which every match was held in
one country. In 2008 John Carlin authored "Playing the Enemy: Nelson
Mandela and the Game that Made a Nation."
1995 Jun 25, Warren E. Burger,
the 15th chief justice of the United States (1969-86), died in
Washington, D.C., of congestive heart failure at age 87.
1995 Jun 26, President Clinton
observed the 50th anniversary of the United Nations at the site of
its birth in San Francisco.
1995 Jun 26, The Supreme Court
ruled, 6-to-3, that public schools can require drug tests for its
1995 Jun 26, In San Francisco a
demonstration occurred on behalf of Abu-Jamal, convicted in the 1981
killing of a Philadelphia police officer. Police arrested 279
demonstrators. In 1996 34 of the demonstrators won small claim
settlements of $1,000 each for lack of probable cause in the
felony-arson arrests where 2 trash bins and a couch were set on
(SFC, 9/19/96, p.A13,16)
1995 Jun 26, Egypt’s Pres.
Mubarak escaped unharmed after his motorcade comes under fire during
a trip to Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, en route to an African summit. One
of at least four attempts on his life.
(AP, 7/9/04)(SFC, 2/12/11, p.A4)
1995 Jun 26, In Ethiopia
Egyptian Pres. Hosni Mubarek was attacked on his way to the
Organization of African Unity summit. An Ethiopian court sentenced 3
Egyptian men to death in 1996 for the attack.
(SFC, 9/21/96, p.A10)
1995 Jun 27, The space shuttle
"Atlantis" blasted off on a historic flight to link up with Russia’s
space station "Mir" and bring home American astronaut Norman
1995 Jun 27, The San Francisco
Chronicle received a message from the Unabomber threatening to blow
up a plane by the July Fourth weekend. The Unabomber later called
the threat a prank.
1995 Jun 28, The US House
overwhelmingly approved a constitutional amendment to protect the
American flag from desecration. However, the amendment was defeated
in the Senate.
1995 Jun 28, Webster Hubbell,
the former number-three official at the Justice Department, was
sentenced to 21 months in prison for bilking clients of the law firm
where he and Hillary Rodham Clinton were partners.
1995 Jun 28, The New York Times
received the Unabomber manifesto.
(SFEC,11/9/97, Z1 p.5)
1995 June 28, Mexican police
fired on a group of peasants at Agua Blancas in Guerrero. An edited
video aired nationally showed that the peasants were armed, but raw
video later showed police shooting unarmed peasants, who were than
filmed with planted weapons on their corpses. 17 peasants from the
leftist Southern Sierra Campesino Organization were killed and 23
others wounded. In 1996 Virgilia Galeana Garcia testified that Gen.
Mario Arturo Acosta Chaparro was at the scene of the massacre.
(SFC, 4/28/96, A-16)(SFC, 6/15/96, p.C12)(SFC,
1995 Jun 29, Actress Lana
Turner died in Century City, California, at age 74.
1995 Jun 29, The shuttle
"Atlantis" and the space station "Mir" docked in orbit.
1995 Jun 29, A department store
in Seoul, South Korea, collapsed, killing at least 500 people.
1995 Jun 29, Sri Lanka, 12-year
old civil war continued. Nearly 150 people were killed in the
bloodiest day of the war when insurgents stormed Mandaitivu island,
not far from the rebel held Jaffna Peninsula.
(WSJ, 6/29/95, p.A1)
1995 Jun 30, President
Clinton, speaking in Chicago, proposed an even tighter ban on
armor-piercing handgun ammunition known as "cop-killer" bullets.
1995 Jun 30, US vice pres. Al
Gore signed a secret agreement with Viktor Chernomyrdin, prime
minister of Russia, that called for an end to Russian sales of
conventional weapons to Iran by the end of 1999.
(SFC, 10/13/00, p.A14)
1995 Jun 30, In a Greensburg,
Indiana, a mobile home fire killed the 3-year-old son of Kristine
Bunch. She was arrested in 1996, accused of setting the fire and was
sentenced to 60 years in prison. In 2012 she was released following
16 years behind bars for a murder she said all along she didn't
commit. The Indiana Court of Appeals had ordered the local court to
allow Bunch's release on bond while she awaits a second trial.
1995 Jun 30, Gale Gordon
(89), comic actor, died in Escondido, California.
1995 Jun 30, In a stunning
Kremlin purge, Russian President Boris Yeltsin fired three top
security ministers for the botched handling of a bloody
hostage-taking by Chechen rebels in southern Russia.
1995 Jun, In the US "Batman
Forever" with Tommy Lee Jones grossed a record $52.8 million in its
(SFC, 5/13/96, p.D-2)
1995 Jun, In San Francisco
Episcopal bishop William Swing sponsored an Interfaith Youth
Conference and publicly announced the United Religions Initiative at
the UN’s 50th anniversary worship service.
(SFEC, 6/22/97, Z1 p.3)
1995 Jun, Kent Weeks,
archeologist at the American Univ. in Cairo, Egypt, was the leader
of a team that discovered the largest tomb in the Valley of the
Kings. It was a multilevel family mausoleum believed to be the
burial place for the 48 sons of Ramses II.
(G&M, 2/2/96, p.A22)(SFC, 8/5/96, p.A10)
1995 Jun, In Qatar Sheik Hamad
Bin Khalifa al-Thani (b.1952) ousted his father, Sheik Khalifa Bin
Hamad al-Thani, as emir. Sheik Khalifa is suspected of having made
off with $4 billion in the form of unpaid personal loans. The new
Emir soon abolished the information ministry that controlled
newspapers and broadcasting. Sheik Hamad also gave women the right
to vote and introduced satellite television.
(WSJ, 3/21/96, p.A-1)(SFEC, 7/4/99, p.A21)(SFC,
6/19/00, p.A5)(WSJ, 10/24/02, p.A12)
1995 Jun, In South Africa the
death penalty was abolished by the Constitutional Court.
(SFC, 4/23/97, p.A4)
1995 Jul 1, "Kiss of the Spider
Woman" closed at Broadhurst in NYC after 904 performances.
1995 Jul 1, Wolfman Jack (57),
rock-and-roll disc jockey, died in Belvidere, North Carolina.
1995 Jul 1, Russian President
Boris Yeltsin’s government survived a critical no-confidence vote.
1995 Jul 1-Aug 15, In Iraq
Shiite political prisoners held at Abu Ghraib were transported to
Unit 2100 at Al Haditha. It was suspected that the prisoners were
used for testing biological agents.
(SFEC, 3/7/99, p.A18)
1995 Jul 2, In Denver,
representatives of 34 countries ended an economic summit by
endorsing an open-market zone throughout the Western
1995 Jul 3, Irish Republican
Army sympathizers rioted in Northern Ireland’s two largest cities in
outrage over the early parole of a British soldier convicted of
killing a Roman Catholic woman.
Jul 3, Richard "Pancho" Gonzalez (b.1928), tennis great, died of
stomach cancer in Las Vegas, Nevada.
1995 Jul 4, The space shuttle
"Atlantis" and the Russian space station "Mir" parted after spending
five days in orbit docked together.
1995 Jul 4, Actress Eva
Gabor (b.1919), Hungarian-born actress, died in Los Angeles, Ca., of
respiratory failure due to complications of food poisoning.
1995 Jul 4, British Prime
Minister John Major won re-election as Conservative Party leader.
1995 Jul 4, President Boris
Yeltsin announced that Russian troops would be permanently stationed
1995 Jul 5, More than 100
Grateful Dead fans were injured when a deck on which they were
gathered collapsed at a campground near Wentzville, Missouri.
1995 Jul 6, The prosecution
rested at the O.J. Simpson murder trial in Los Angeles.
1995 Jul 6, At 3:15AM The UN
safe area at Srebrenica came under attack by the Bosnian Serb army’s
Drina corps under Genl. Radislav Krstic, and some 7,500 Muslim men
and boys were killed. The acquisition and delivery of arms was
organized by Yugoslav army officer Mirko Krajisnik, brother to
Momcilo Krajisnik, president of the Bosnian Serb assembly. In 1998
Chuck Sudetic published "Blood and Vengeance: One Family’s Story of
the War in Bosnia." The book focused on the Srebrenica killings. 300
Dutch troops were later accused of not preventing the Serbs from
overrunning the town. Bosnian Serb Gen’l. Radislav Krstic was
arrested in 1998 for genocide in the 1995 takeover of Srebrenica. In
1999 the UN issued a 155-page report that admitted its failure to
block the massacre. Krstic was convicted in 2001. In 2003 Bosnian
Serb officers Momir Nikolic and Dragan Obrenovic described the
massacre as a well-planned and deliberate killing operation. In 2003
An Int'l. Court sentenced Col. Dragan Obrenovic (40) to 17 years in
prison for his role in the slaughter of more than 7,000 men and boys
(SFC, 6/4/96, p.A12)(SFC, 8/12/98, p.A14)(SFC,
12/3/98, p.A16)(SFC, 11/16/99, p.A1)(SFC, 3/14/00, p.A10)(SFC,
8/3/01, p.A1)(SSFC, 10/11/03, p.A14)(AP, 12/11/03)
1995 Jul 7, The space shuttle
"Atlantis" landed at Cape Canaveral, Florida, bringing back American
astronaut Norman Thagard, who’d spent three and a-half months aboard
the Russian space station "Mir."
1995 Jul 7, UN military
observers in Bosnia appealed to the UN to "stop the carnage and
damage in a UN declared safe zone."
(SFC, 6/4/96, p.A12)
1995 Jul 8, Steffi Graf won the
women’s singles title at Wimbledon, defeating Arantxa Sanchez
1995 Jul 8, Chinese-American
human rights activist Harry Wu, detained on June 19, was arrested in
China and charged with obtaining state secrets. He was later
convicted of espionage and deported.
1995 Jul 8, A deadly heat wave
began in the midsection of the US. It claimed more than 800 lives,
more than half of them in Illinois.
1995 Jul 8, In Bosnia shelling
resumed and the Dutch abandoned 3 posts under direct fire. 30 Dutch
troops were taken by the Serbs to Bratunac.
(SFC, 6/4/96, p.A12)
1995 Jul 9, Pete Sampras won
the men’s singles title at Wimbledon by defeating Boris Becker, 6-7
(7-5), 6-2, 6-4, 6-2.
1995 Jul 9, The Dutch in Bosnia
again asked for air support but it was refused.
(SFC, 6/4/96, p.A12)
1995 Jul 9, French commandos
boarded the Greenpeace ship Rainbow Warrior Two in the South
1995 Jul 10, President
Clinton embraced mandatory ratings for TV programs and legislation
to put parental-control chips in new sets.
1995 Jul 10, The defense opened
its case at the O.J. Simpson murder trial in Los Angeles.
1995 Jul 10, In Burma Aung San
Suu Kyi was released after six years of house arrest. She later
charged that the military regime doesn't want democratic reform.
(SFC, 5/22/96, p.C-1)(WSJ, 11/30/95, p.A1)
1995 Jul 11, Full diplomatic
relations were established between the United States and Vietnam
following an order by Pres. Clinton.
(SFEM, 6/9/96, p.9)(HN, 7/11/98)(SSFC, 8/24/03,
1995 Jul 11, Srebrenica, a UN
declared "safe area," fell to the Bosnian Serbs. 7,000 Muslim men
supposedly escaped but were never heard from again. Drazen Erdemovic
(24) later admitted that he participated in killing 70 men at
Srebrenica. Victims were shot in the back in groups of 10 by himself
and fellow soldiers in the Bosnian Serb Army’s 10th Sabotage
Detachment. He was told that he would be killed if he refused to
follow orders. In 1998 the book "The Graves: Srebrenica and Vukovar"
was published with photographs by Gilles Peress and text by Eric
(SFC, 6/4/96, p.A12)(SFC, 7/7/96, A10) (SFC,
6/1/96, p.A10)(SFEC, 12/20/98, BR p.6)
1995 Jul 11, Videotape showed
Gen. Ratco Mladic entering Srebrenica.
(SFC, 7/4/96, p.A8)
1995 Jul 11-1995 Jul 16,
In the Srebrenica Massacre buses arrived to take women and children
to Muslim territory, while the Serbs began separating out all men
from age 12 to 77 for "interrogation for suspected war crimes". It
is estimated that 23,000 women and children were deported in the
next 30 hours while hundreds of men were held in trucks and
warehouses. On 13 July killings of unarmed Muslims took place in one
such warehouse in the nearby village of Kravica. By July 16 Early
reports of massacres emerged as the first survivors of the long
march from Srebrenica began to arrive in Muslim-held territory.
Between July 11 and July 16 more than 7,000 unarmed Muslim men are
thought to have been killed by Serbian forces.
1995 Jul 12, President Clinton
spelled out school-prayer guidelines, asserting the First Amendment
already guaranteed adequate freedom of religion.
1995 Jul 12, US public debt
said by the Treasury to be $4.93 trillion.
(WSJ, 7/12/95, p.A1)
1995 Jul 12, In Bosnia Momir
Nikolic, an intelligence officer, was nearby when 80-100 prisoners
were decapitated and their headless corpses loaded onto trucks.
Nikolic was arrested in 2002 on charges that he was responsible for
the killing of some 1,000 Muslim males (16-60), who were taken from
a UN compound in Jul 1995. He was also charged for the deaths of
6,000 more prisoners captured while fleeing from Srebrenica. In 2003
Nikolic pleaded guilty to war crimes. In 2003 Nikolic accepted that
he was on duty when 80-100 prisoners were decapitated and their
corpses loaded onto trucks. Prosecutors recommended 20 years in
(SFC, 4/4/02, p.A8)(AP, 5/6/03)(AP, 10/28/03)
1995 Jul 13, President Clinton
denounced a base-closing list for the damage it would do to
California and Texas, but then approved the package while promising
to save jobs in those states.
1995 Jul 13, Just six days
after the space shuttle "Atlantis" returned, the shuttle "Discovery"
blasted off on a nine-day mission.
1995 Jul 13, In Michigan six
union locals, representing some 2,500 workers of the Detroit Free
Press, Detroit News and Detroit newspapers Inc., went on a strike
that lasted 19 months.
1995 Jul 14, Under pressure
from Congress, FBI Director Louis Freeh removed his friend Larry
Potts as the bureau’s deputy director because of controversy over
Potts’ role in a deadly 1992 FBI siege in Idaho.
1995 Jul 14, Physicists
announced that a new state of matter was formed by using lasers and
evaporation to plunge the temp. of rubidium gas to minus 459.67
degrees F. A full article on the experiment appeared in the journal
(WSJ, 7/14/95, A-1)
1995 Jul 15, A 19-year-old
sales clerk was rescued after being buried in the rubble of a
collapsed shopping mall in Seoul, South Korea, for 16 days.
1995 Jul 16, William Barloon
and David Daliberti, the two Americans who were imprisoned in Iraq
for crossing the border from Kuwait four months earlier, were
1995 Jul 16, Amazon.com went
live on the Internet. The 1st book sold on the site was “Fluid
Concepts and Creative Analogies: Computer Models of the Fundamental
Mechanisms of Thought."
(SFC, 7/5/05, p.E2)
1995 Jul 16, Stephen Spender
(b.1909), English poet and critic, died. In 2004 John Sutherland
authored “Stephen Spender: The Authorized Biography."
(HN, 2/28/01)(Econ, 6/19/04, p.81)
1995 Jul 16, Early reports of
massacres in Bosnia emerged as the first survivors of the long march
from Srebrenica began to arrive in Muslim-held territory. Following
negotiations between the UN and the Bosnian Serbs, the Dutch were at
last permitted to leave Srebrenica, leaving behind weapons, food and
1995 Jul 17, Thirty-two people
were injured when a Boston Green Line trolley rammed another train
under Copley Square.
1995 Jul 18, US Senate
Republicans opened a new round of Whitewater hearings.
1995 Jul 18, Opening statements
were presented in the trial of Susan Smith, the South Carolina woman
charged with drowning her two young sons.
1995 Jul 19, Las Vegas
Review-Journal columnist, John L. Smith, authored a book due out
Aug, 1999, titled: "Running Scared: The Dangerous Life and
Treacherous Times of Las Vegas Casino King Steve Wynn."
(RNR, 7/19/95, p. 10)
1995 Jul 19, President Clinton
firmly rejected calls for dismantling affirmative action programs.
1995 Jul 19, A pair of House
subcommittees held a joint hearing on the federal government’s raid
on the Branch Davidian compound near Waco, Texas.
1995 Jul 19, The Dow Jones
industrial average ended at 4628.87, down 57.41, after plunging more
than 130 points earlier in the session.
1995 Jul 20, Baseball
Hall-of-Famers Duke Snider and Willie McCovey pleaded guilty in New
York to tax evasion.
1995 Jul 20, Leaders of the
University of California voted to drop affirmative action policies
on admissions and hiring.
1995 Jul 21, At a 16-nation
conference in London, the United States and NATO allies warned
Bosnian Serbs that further attacks on UN safe havens would draw a
"substantial and decisive response."
1995 Jul 21 China began
conducting a series of ballistic missile test firings 85 miles from
Taiwan. The missiles were all MTCR class four short range and two
intermediate range. All were modern, mobile, nuclear-capable. No
country has ever held this level of field tests for nuclear capable
1995 Jul 21, Elleston Trevor,
British author, died.
1995 Jul 22, Susan Smith was
convicted by a jury in Union, South Carolina, of first-degree murder
for drowning her two sons. She was later sentenced to life in
1995 Jul 22, In San Luis
Obispo, 15-year-old Elyse Pahler was murdered by 3 teenagers of the
death metal band called "Hatred" patterned after the group "Slayer."
Her body was not found for 8 months until revealed by Joseph
Fiorella (16), who received a 26 year to life sentence in 1997 as
part of a plea bargain. Royce Casey (18) and Jacob Delashmutt still
faced trial as adults. Death metal was a sub-genre of heavy metal
that featured explicit lyrics dealing with murder, torture and
(SFC, 3/8/96, p.A15)
1995 Jul 23, American amateur
astronomers first reported the discovery of the comet bearing their
names: Hale-Bopp. Reconstruction of the orbit indicated that the
comet repeatedly enters the inner solar system every 3,000 years or
so. It travels in an orbit perpendicular to the solar system in an
elongated ellipse that is about 33 million miles from the sun at its
farthest point. Its closest approach to Earth will be on March 23,
1997. The nearest pass will be on April 1.
(Nat. Hist., 3/96, p.55)(SFEC, 10/27/96, p.A17)
1995 Jul 23, The United Nations
ordered the first combat unit from its rapid reaction force to
Sarajevo to take out any rebel Serb guns that fire at U.N.
1995 Jul 24, A Palestinian
suicide bomber blew up a crowded commuter bus in Tel Aviv and killed
six Israelis and wounded 28. Hamas took responsibility.
(WSJ, 3/6/96, p. A15)(G&M, 7/31/97, p.A8)(AP,
1995 Jul 25, A bomb exploded at
the Paris subway St. Michel station, killing 8 people and injuring
some 200. The Armed Islamic Group claimed responsibility. In 1999
five people linked to Algerian militants were sentenced to 10-year
prison terms for the attacks. 16 others received lesser sentences.
In 2002 Boualem Bensaid and Smain Ait Ali Belkacem, Islamic
militants, were convicted and sentenced to life in prison for their
roles in the bombings. British police arrested Rachid Ramda (25) at
the request of the French government due to his connections with
Bensaid. In 2005 Ramda was still in Belmarsh prison awaiting
extradition. In 2007 Ramda (38) was sentenced to life in prison with
no possibility of parole for 22 years.
7/25/00)(Econ, 10/22/05, p.61)(AP, 10/26/07)
1995 Jul 25, Two weeks after
overrunning Srebrenica, Bosnian Serbs took over the safe area of
(WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A14)(SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)
1995 Jul 25, Radovan Karadzic
and Gen’l. Ratko Mladic and 22 other Serbs were indicted for
genocide by the UN War Crimes Hague Tribunal for commanding forces
responsible for sniping in Serajevo and for genocide and crimes
against humanity. Also indicted was Milan Martic, Croatian Serb
leader of rebel Serb forces, for ordering the shelling of Zagreb in
(WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A14)(SFC, 11/30/96, p.A15)(AP,
1995 Jul 26, The US Senate
voted 69-to-29 to unilaterally lift the UN embargo on arms shipments
1995 Jul 26, Former Michigan
Governor George W. Romney died at age 88.
1995 Jul 27, The Korean War
Veterans Memorial was dedicated in Washington by President Clinton
and South Korean President Kim Young-sam.
1995 Jul 27, Miklos Rozsa (88),
Hungarian movie composer (Atomic Cafe, Fedora), died.
1995 Jul 28, A jury in Union,
South Carolina, rejected the death penalty for Susan Smith,
sentencing her instead to life in prison for drowning her two young
sons. Smith was eligible for parole after 30 years.
1995 Jul 28, In Sri Lanka the
Tamil Tigers lost some 400 guerrillas in a raid on Weli Oya army
camp where only 2 soldiers died.
(SFC, 7/24/96, p.A9)
1995 Jul 28, Vietnam joined the
Association of Southeast Asian Nations. ASEAN was established in
Bangkok in 1967 by the five original member countries: Indonesia,
Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand.
1995 Jul 29, President Clinton
and Republicans marked the 30th anniversary of Medicare by accusing
one another of putting the program’s future at risk.
1995 Jul 30, Russia and Chechen
rebels signed an agreement calling for a gradual withdrawal of
Russian troops and the disarmament of rebel fighters.
1995 Jul 31, The Walt Disney
Company agreed to acquire Capital Cities-ABC Inc. in a $19 billion
deal. The deal included the ESPN sports cable network and made
Disney the world’s largest media company.
(AP, 7/31/97)(Econ, 9/18/04, p.70)(Econ, 11/3/12,
1995 Jul, Monica Lewinsky began
employment as an intern in the White House Chief of Staff’s office.
(SFC, 9/12/98, p.A12)
1995 Jul, Nataly I, a
Panamanian tuna boat, was stopped 780 miles west of Peru by the US
Coast Guard and found to contain 12 tons of cocaine worth some $700
(WSJ, 7/10/97, p.A13)
1995 Jul, Drazen Erdemovic
(24), an ethnic Croat, participated in killing 70 men at Srebrenica.
He later admitted that victims were shot in the back in groups of 10
by himself and fellow soldiers in the Bosnian Serb Army’s 10th
Sabotage Detachment. He was told that he would be killed if he
refused to follow orders. In Nov 1996, the UN War Tribunal sentenced
him to ten years in prison.
(SFC, 6/1/96, p.A10)
1995 Jul, Pakistan’s PM Benazir
Bhutto, under pressure from army commanders, began peace talks with
the MQM. The talks foundered, then restarted, only to reach another
deadlock. At year's end the two sides were still hurling accusations
at each other.
1995 Jul, The Serbs overran the
safe area of Zepa. The Hague Tribunal indicted Karadzic and
his military commander Gen. Ratko Mladic for genocide and crimes
(WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A14)
1995 Jul, Forensic experts in
1998 began exhuming 274 bodies in the village of Donja Glumina. They
were believed to be Bosnian Muslims killed in Srebrenica by Serbs in
(SFC, 10/12/98, p.A8)
1995 Jul, A UN War Crimes
Tribunal in the Hague issued indictments. Dusko Sikirica, who
commanded a camp at Prijedor in 1992 where over 3,000 Bosnian
Muslims and Croats were killed and tortured, was among the indicted.
Sikirica was arrested in 2000.
(SFC, 6/26/00, p.A12)(WSJ, 6/26/00, p.A1)
1995 Jul, Serb troops made some
video tapes of their killings. In 2005 a video was shown by the War
Crimes Tribunal that displayed the murder of 6 civilians including
Azmir Alispahic (16) on Mount Treskavica near Pale.
1995 Jul, In Vancouver, Canada,
at the Int’l. AIDS Conference researchers said that at least 10
genetically different sub-types of HIV-1 were identified. HIV-2 was
another strain principally found in Africa.
(SFEC, 10/8/96, A4)
1995 Jul, In Colombia Santiago
Medina, Pres. Samper’s campaign treasurer, testified that $6 million
was solicited from the Cali drug cartel.
(SFC, 6/13/96, p.C3)
1995 Jul, The Ebola virus
killed 244 people in Kikwit, Zaire.
(WSJ, 12/11/95, p.A1)(SFC, 5/5/99, p.A11)
1995 Jul, Four hostages: Donald
Hutchings, Keith Mangan, Paul Wells and Dirk Hasert were seized by
Kashmir guerillas, who call themselves Al Faran. In May ‘96 a Muslim
insurgent, who claimed to have been involved, said the men were
killed and buried in the mountains in Dec. The captured rebel Nasir
Mehmood said in a police report that the hostages were killed Dec
13, 1995 by guerrillas of Harkat-ul-Ansar, a group based in
Pakistan. The Al Faran name was coined to confuse Indian
authorities. The Harkatul Mujahedeen kidnapped the tourists.
(SFC, 5/27/96, p.A6)(SFC, 12/23/96, p.A12)(SFC,
4/8/98, p.A12)(WSJ, 10/12/01, p.A6)
1995 Jul, In Kenya
paleontologist Richard Leakey began a new political party, Safina,
as an alternative to KANU (Kenya African National Union) and
FORD-Kenya (Forum for Restoration of Democracy).
(SFC, 10/17/96, A8)
1995 Jul, In Malaysia, Irene
Fernandez, head of the human rights group Tenaganita, published a
report after interviewing immigrant inmates on prison conditions. 71
deaths have been caused by alleged abuse.
(SFC, 6/11/96, p.A15)
1995 Aug 1, In the second TV
network takeover in as many days, Westinghouse Electric Corporation
struck a deal to buy CBS for $5.4 billion. A day earlier, Walt
Disney had agreed to acquire Capital Cities-ABC for $19 billion.
1995 Aug 1, NATO threatened
major air strikes if any more "safe areas" were attacked in Bosnia.
1995 Aug 2, Hurricane "Erin"
came ashore near Vero Beach, Florida; the storm was blamed for
1995 Aug 2, China ordered the
expulsion of two US Air Force officers it said were caught spying on
1995 Aug 3, Wisconsin Gov.
Tommy Thompson announced an end to welfare offices in the state at
the site of a new jobs center in Racine.
(SFC, 9/1/97, p.A3)
1995 Aug 3, A Palestinian, Eyad
Ismoil, was flown to the United States from Jordan to face charges
he’d driven a bomb-laden van into New York’s World Trade Center. The
1993 explosion killed six people and injured more than one-thousand;
Ismoil is serving a life sentence.
1995 Aug 4, A US judge ruled
that Oregon's assisted-suicide law, approved by the voters last
Nov., is unconstitutional. The law would have allowed doctors to
prescribe lethal doses of drugs for dying patients.
(WSJ, 8/4/95, p.B-1)
1995 Aug 4, That 1% of
Americans own 40% of the nation's wealth is uncontested as fact.
(WSJ, 8/4/95, p.A11)
1995 Aug 4, J. Howard Marshall
II, Texas oil tycoon and alumnus of Haverford College, Pa., died. In
1994 Marshall had married Playboy Playmate Anna Nicole Smith (26).
In 2002, a federal judge ruled that the dying 90-year-old truly
loved his then 26-year-old wife and awarded her $88 million in a
court fight with Marshall’s son. In 2004 an appeals court reversed
the judgment. In 2010 a federal appeals court recognized a 2001 jury
verdict in Texas that determined an irrevocable trust and will
leaving $1.6 billion to Pierce Marshall was valid.
12/31/04)(SFC, 3/20/10, p.A6)
1995 Aug 4, Croatia launched an
offensive against Krajina, Operation Storm, and captured in days a
region that Serb rebels had held for 4 years. Most of its province
of Krajina, including the Serb stronghold Knin, was taken in a 3-day
offensive. Some 3,000 shells were fired into Knin and less than 250
hit military targets. Some 100,000 Croatian Serbs were driven from
the area. Up to 600 Serb civilians were killed. A report on the
events was published in 1999: "Report on the Military Operation
Storm and its Aftermath" by the Croatian Helsinki Committee for
(WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A14)(SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)(SFEC,
3/21/99, p.A17)(SFC, 4/27/99, p.A10)
1995 Aug 5, Secretary of State
Warren Christopher arrived in Hanoi, Vietnam, to "build a bridge of
cooperation." Christopher was the first US secretary of state to
visit Vietnam since the war and the first ever to go to Hanoi.
1995 Aug 6, Thousands of people
in Hiroshima, Japan, set glowing lanterns afloat in rivers, capping
a day of tributes on the 50th anniversary of the atomic bombing.
1995 Aug 7, Ten days before he
was to be put to death for the murder of a police officer, black
activist and radio reporter Mumia Abu-Jamal won a reprieve from the
original trial judge in Philadelphia. As of 2008, his legal appeals
are still unsettled and he is a prisoner at State Correctional
Institution Greene near Waynesburg, Pennsylvania.
1995 Aug 8, President Clinton,
during a visit to Baltimore, ordered all companies doing business
with the federal government to report the pollution they cause.
1995 Aug 8, Hussein Kamel
al-Majid, formerly Iraq's industry minister, defected to Jordan with
his brother and their wives, both of whom were daughters of Saddam
Hussein. He vowed to topple Saddam and said that Sadam Hussein had
planned to invade Kuwait and Saudi Arabia this month and that Iraq
had been three months away from testing an atomic bomb before the
Gulf War began.
(WSJ, 8/21/95, p.A1)(SFC, 9/4/96, p.A8)
1995 Aug 9, Netscape
Communications went public and was valued at $2.2 billion.
(WSJ, 11/25/98, p.B1)
1995 Aug 9, A Boeing 737
belonging to Guatemala’s Aviateca airline hit the Chichontepec
volcano in El Salvador on a flight from Miami and killed all 65 on
(SFC, 11/1/96, p.A18)
1995 Aug 9, Jerry Garcia,
guitarist and lead singer of the Grateful Dead, died in San
Francisco of a heart attack at age 53. In 1999 Blair Jackson
authored "Garcia: An American Life." In 2002 Dennis McNally authored
"A Long Strange Trip: The Inside History of the Grateful Dead."
(WSJ, 8/11/95, p.A7)(AP, 8/9/97)(SFEC, 8/29/99,
BR p.1)(SSFC, 8/11/02, p.M1)
1995 Aug 10, Norma McCorvey,
"Jane Roe" of the 1973 Supreme Court decision legalizing abortion,
announced she had joined the anti-abortion group Operation Rescue.
1995 Aug 10, Timothy McVeigh
and Terry Nichols were charged with eleven counts in the Oklahoma
City bombing. McVeigh was later convicted of murder. He was executed
by lethal injection on June 11, 2001, at the US Federal Penitentiary
in Terre Haute, Indiana. McVeigh (33) stated that his only regret
was not completely leveling the federal building. Nichols was
convicted of conspiracy and involuntary manslaughter and sentenced
to life in prison.
1995 Aug 11, President Clinton
banned all US nuclear tests, calling his decision
"the right step as we continue pulling back from
the nuclear precipice."
1995 Aug 11, Pres. Clinton
vetoed a congressional move to end the arms embargo on Bosnia and
sent Envoy Richard Holdbrooke on a new peace mission.
(WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A14)(SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)
1995 Aug 12, In a methodical,
daylong procession, Republican presidential candidates courted Ross
Perot’s followers at a United We Stand America conference in Dallas.
1995 Aug 13, Baseball Hall of
Famer Mickey Mantle died at a Dallas hospital of rapidly spreading
liver cancer at the age of 63.
1995 Aug 13, Hans-Christian
Ostro, a 27-year-old Norwegian who had come to India to study dance
was found dead in the Pahalgam district with his severed head
balanced between his thighs, close to the sight of a previous
kidnapping by Kashmir guerillas.
(SFC, 5/27/96, p.A6)
1995 Aug 14, Shannon Faulkner
officially became the first female cadet in the history of The
Citadel, South Carolina's state military college. She quit the
school less than a week later, citing the stress of her court fight,
and her isolation among the male cadets.
1995 Aug 15, The Justice
Department agreed to pay 3.1 million dollars to white separatist
Randy Weaver and his family to settle their claims over the killing
of Weaver’s wife and son during a 1992 siege by federal agents at
Ruby Ridge, Idaho.
1995 Aug 15, The St. John
Baptist Church in Lexington Co., S.C., burned down. Arson was
suspected and investigations by the FBI and ATF were later begun.
(SFC, 6/11/96, p.A16)
1995 Aug 15, John Cameron
Swayze (89), pioneering TV journalist and Timex watch pitchman, died
in Sarasota, Fla.
1995 Aug 16, The US government
more than doubled its estimate of rapes or attempted rapes in the US
each year, to 310,000, a finding praised by leaders of women’s
1995 Aug 16, In Orinda, Ca.,
Maria Corrieo and her sister, Gina Roberts, were killed by Dalton
Lolohea and 2 others during a robbery. Lolohea was tried and
convicted for the double murder in 2000 along with robbery and
burglary. David Ross was sentenced to 20 years in prison in exchange
for testifying against Corey Williams. In 2013 the state Supreme
Court upheld the death sentence against Williams.
(SFC, 2/8/00, p.A19)(SFC, 2/18/00, p.D3)(SFC,
8/18/00, p.A22)(SFC, 2/8/13, p.D1)
1995 Aug 16, Rebel soldiers in
Sao Tome overthrew Pres. Miguel Trovoada. This is a two-island
nation off the west coast of Africa.
(WSJ, 8/16/95, p. A1)
1995 Aug 17, James B. McDougal,
McDougal’s ex-wife, Susan H. McDougal, and Arkansas Governor Jim Guy
Tucker were indicted by the Whitewater grand jury. James McDougal
was convicted on 18 of 19 counts of fraud and conspiracy; Tucker was
found guilty on one count of fraud and one count of conspiracy;
Susan McDougal was convicted on four fraud-related charges. James B.
McDougal’s sentencing was delayed when the court suggested he
testify against the Clintons. He died of a heart attack in federal
prison in Fort Worth, Texas, on March 8, 1998. Susan H. McDougal was
sentenced to two years in prison, probation, community service and
$305,000 in fines and restitution. She received a full Presidential
pardon from outgoing President Bill Clinton in the final hours of
his presidency on January 20, 2001. Jim Guy Tucker was convicted of
three counts of felony; due to his poor health, he was sentenced to
four years probation and 18 months of house detention and $325,000
in fines and restitution.
1995 Aug 18, Shannon Faulkner,
who’d won a two-and-a-half-year legal battle to become the first
female cadet at The Citadel, quit the South Carolina military
college after less than a week, most of it spent in the infirmary.
After her departure, the male cadets openly celebrated on the
campus. By May 2005, The Citadel's Corps of Cadets included 118
female cadets, 6% of the total student population.
1995 Aug 18, Premier John Swan
of Bermuda promised to resign after voters rejected a vote for
independence from Britain with 76% voice.
(WSJ, 8/18/95, p.A1)
1995 Aug 19, Three top US
diplomats heading to peace talks in Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina,
were killed when their armored vehicle plunged off a muddy road and
1995 Aug 20, The remnants of an
American peace delegation headed home from Bosnia-Herzegovina with
the bodies of three diplomats killed in an accident.
1995 Aug 20, The Algerian
government planned presidential elections for Nov. 16, but Muslim
militants vowed to derail the plans. Some 40,000 people have been
killed since the government cancelled elections in 1992.
(WSJ, 8/21/95, p.A-1)
1995 Aug 20, In Firozabad,
India, a speeding passenger train crashed into a train that had
stalled after hitting a cow and some 358 people were killed.
(SFC, 6/4/98, p.A15)(SFC, 8/3/99, p.A8)(AP,
1995 Aug 20, Liberian warlords
agreed in Nigeria to end hostilities in six-year old civil war,
which had killed 150,000 people. The Economic Community of West
African States brokered a peace treaty between two warring
(WSJ, 8/21/95, p.A-1)(SFC, 5/4/96, p.A-8)(AP,
1995 Aug 20, A plebiscite
declared the independence of Seborga (in Northern Italy) by a vote
of 304 to 4. Giorgio Carbone was elected as Georgio I,
(SFEC, 3/30/97, p.T6)
1995 Aug 21, ABC News settled a
$10 billion libel suit by apologizing to Philip Morris for reporting
the tobacco giant had manipulated the amount of nicotine in its
1995 Aug 21, A commuter plane
crashed near Carrollton, Georgia. Atlantic Southeast Airlines Flight
529 enroute to Gulfport, Miss., crashed with 29 people aboard. 10
died. In 2001 Gary M. Pomerantz authored "Nine Minutes, Twenty
Seconds: The Tragedy & Triumph of ASA Flight 529."
(AP, 8/21/00)(SSFC, 10/21/01, p.R4)
1995 Aug 21, A Palestinian
suicide bomber blew up a bus in Jerusalem and killed 4 Israelis, 1
American, and wounded more than 100 people. Hamas took
(WSJ, 3/6/96, p. A15)(G&M, 7/31/97, p.A8)
1995 Aug 21, In Thailand Prince
Thitiphan Yugala (60) was poisoned by his new wife Chalasai Yugala
(23), aka Luk Pla (Baby fish). He died after 8 days and Luk Pla ran
off with Uthet Choopwa (19), a chestnut peddler. She had become his
lover at 14 and wife at 23. In 2002 she was sentenced to 6 years in
(SFC, 2/20/02, p.A2)
1995 Aug 22, Congressman Mel
Reynolds (Democrat, Illinois) was convicted in Chicago of sexual
misconduct involving an underage campaign volunteer. Reynolds was
sentenced to five years in prison; he was later convicted of lying
to obtain loans and of illegally siphoning campaign money for
personal use. Reynolds was later sentenced to five years in prison;
he ended up serving 2 1/2.
1995 Aug 22, Meles Zenawi was
elected PM of the Ethiopian Federal Democratic Republic.
1995 Aug 23, During a memorial
service at Fort Myer, Virginia, President Clinton eulogized three US
diplomats killed in a road accident near Sarajevo,
Bosnia-Herzegovina, and vowed to carry on the struggle for peace in
1995 Aug 23, Alfred Eisenstaedt
(96), "Life" magazine photographer, died on Martha’s Vineyard. His
picture of a sailor kissing a nurse in Times Square became one of
the best-known images of America's joy at the end of World War Two.
1995 Aug 24, Microsoft
Corporation began selling its highly publicized Windows 95 personal
computer software. The Windows 95 operating system was priced at $89
for an upgrade.
(WSJ, 4/4/00, p.A16)(AP, 8/24/00)
1995 Aug 24, Harry Wu, Chinese
human rights activist and writer, was sentenced to 15 years in
prison by Chinese law and then expelled from China. China expelled
Harry Wu, hours after convicting him of spying.
(SFC, 5/19/96, Z1, p.3)(AP, 8/24/00)
1995 Aug 25, Chinese-American
human rights activist Harry Wu, safely back on US soil after two
months in Chinese detention, said the spying case against him was
"all lies," and vowed to seek compensation from China.
1995 Aug 26, In his weekly
radio address, President Clinton explained his decision to impose a
two-year moratorium on mining claims on 4500 acres of federal land
near the northeast corner of Yellowstone National Park, saying the
land was "more priceless than gold."
1995 Aug 26, The Jordan Marsh
and A&S (Abraham & Straus) stores were absorbed into Macy's
1995 Aug 26, John Costello
(b.1943), British historian, died.
1995 Aug 26, Evelyn Wood (86),
speed reading guru, died in Tucson, Arizona. The Evelyn Wood Reading
Dynamics became popular in the late 1950s.
1995 Aug 27, American and
Chinese officials agreed to begin planning a fall summit between
President Clinton and Chinese President Jiang Zemin.
1995 Aug 27, A wildfire in the
Hamptons, the largest in 50 years, ended after 4 days. A 16-alarm at
the St. George Hotel complex began in Brooklyn.
1995 Aug 28, Chase Manhattan
and Chemical Banking announced a $10 billion deal to create the
biggest bank in the nation.
1995 Aug 28, California
Governor Pete Wilson formally entered the GOP presidential race.
1995 Aug 28, A mortar shell
tore through a crowded market in Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina,
killing 38 people and triggering NATO airstrikes against the Bosnian
Serbs. Bosnian Serb shells hit Serajevo near the main market and
killed 37 people and wounded 85 others.
(SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)(HTNet, 8/28/99)(AP,
1995 Aug 29, At the O.J.
Simpson murder trial in Los Angeles, without the jury present, tape
recordings of police detective Mark Fuhrman were played in which
Fuhrman could be heard spouting racial invectives.
1995 Aug 29, The West pounded
the Bosnian Serbs with artillery and air attacks in hopes of
bludgeoning them into serious peace talks.
1995 Aug 29, In Tbilisi,
Georgia, the motorcade of Eduard Shevardnadze was attacked as he
left for the ceremonial signing of the new constitution.
(SFC, 2/10/98, p.A12)y
1995 Aug 30, Cable News Network
joined the internet ("This is CNN").
1995 Aug 30, Bosnian Serbs gave
Serbian Pres. Slobodan Milosevic authority to negotiate for them.
The West pounded the Bosnian Serbs with artillery and air attacks in
hopes of bludgeoning them into serious peace talks.
(SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)(AP, 8/30/00)
1995 Aug 30, At a lavish
opening ceremony in Beijing, organizers of a major women’s
conference vowed to fight for empowerment and equality.
1995 Aug 31, At the O.J.
Simpson trial in Los Angeles, Judge Lance Ito ruled the defense
could play only two examples of police detective Mark Fuhrman’s
racist comments from taped conversations with a screenwriter.
1995 Aug 31, NATO planes and UN
artillery blasted Serb targets in Bosnia for a 2nd day in response
to the market attack in Serajevo.
1995 Aug 31, In India blast a
bomb killed 18 people, including Beant Singh (b.1922), chief
minister of the northern state of Punjab. Singh had become chief
minister of Punjab, home to most Indian Sikhs, in 1992, and began
crushing a Sikh militant movement that sought a separate homeland.
Gurmeet Singh was one of six Sikh militants convicted in the attack.
He fled a high-security prison in 2004 before being sentenced in
absentia to life imprisonment in 2007. In 2015 Thai authorities
extradited him back to India.
1995 Aug, Margaret Lesher sold
the Lesher media empire, 27 daily and weekly papers, to
Knight-Ridder for $360 million.
(SFEM, 9/14/97, p.30)
1995 Aug, In Austin, Texas,
Madalyn Murray O’Hair, leader of United Secularists of America,
disappeared with her son and granddaughter and more than $600,000 in
funds from her various organizations. Her diaries, some 2,000 pages,
were scheduled to be auctioned in 1999. The IRS filed an affidavit
in 1999 against David Waters and 3 others in relation to suspected
murders and theft. In 1999 Waters (52) was sentenced to 60 years in
prison for skimming over $50,000 from the atheist organization.
Waters was later given another 8 year sentence on a federal weapons
charge. [See Oct 3.] In 2001 bones were found on the ranch where she
was believed to have been buried following an agreement between
Waters and prosecutors. All 3 bodies were identified in Mar.
(SFEC, 3/3/97, p.A4)(SFC, 1/12/99, p.A4)(SFC,
5/27/99, p.A3)(SFC, 8/12/99, p.3)(SFC, 8/21/99, p.A3)(SSFC, 1/28/01,
p.A2)(WSJ, 3/16/00, p.A1)
1995 Aug, The Afghan Taliban
militia forced down a Russian Ilyushin-76 cargo plane with 7 Russian
airmen at Kandahar.
(SFC, 8/15/96, p.C3)
1995 Aug, In Brazil Pres.
Cardoso introduced Law 9140, which acknowledged military
responsibility for 136 deaths under previous governments.
(SFC, 6/14/96, p. A17)
1995 Aug, Florene May
Schoenborn (1903-1995), daughter of David May the founder of May
Department Stores, died and left her valuable art collection to New
(SFC, 11/26/96, p.D5)
1995 Aug, The extremist radical
party of Serbia under Vojislav Seselj published a manifesto titled:
"How To Solve the Problem of Kosovo." It advocated firing Albanian
workers, encouraging Serbian colonization, military occupation and
buffer zones along the Albanian and Macedonian borders.
(SFEC, 6/27/99, p.A7)
1995 Sep 1, The 716-acre
Limekiln State Park on the California Big Sur coast opened.
(SFEC, 3/30/97, p.T3)
1995 Sep 1, A ribbon-cutting
ceremony was held for the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in Cleveland,
1995 Sep 1, The death penalty
in NY State, signed into law on March 7, became effective.
1995 Sep 1, Moammar Khadafy of
Libya announced the expulsion of all 30,000 Palestinians from Libya.
More than 1,200 ended up in a border camp between Libya and Egypt.
(SFC, 8/22/96, p.E1)
1995 Sep 2, At a military
cemetery on a hill high above Honolulu, President Clinton marked the
50th anniversary of the end of World War II, saying it taught
Americans that "the blessings of freedom are never easy or free."
1995 Sep 2, Vaclav Neumann
(74), Czech conductor, died.
1995 Sep 3, Testing Serb will,
the United Nations reopened a route to Sarajevo and threatened more
air attacks if the rebel stranglehold of the Bosnian capital didn’t
1995 Sep 4, Attorney William
Moses Kunstler (b.1919) died in NYC. The UCLA attorney spoke out for
the politically unpopular in a controversial career and defended the
1995 Sep 4-1995 Sep 7,
Hurricane Luis hit the Virgin Islands.
(NH, 10/96, p.60)(www.nhc.noaa.gov/1995luis.html)
1995 Sep 4, The Fourth World
Conference on Women opened in Beijing with more than 4,750 delegates
from 181 countries.
1995 Sep 5, O.J. Simpson
jurors heard testimony that police detective Mark Fuhrman had
uttered a racist slur, and advocated the killing of blacks.
1995 Sep 5, First Lady Hillary
Rodham Clinton, addressing the UN-sponsored fourth World Conference
on Women in Beijing, declared it was "time to break the silence"
about the abuse of women.
1995 Sep 5, James "Pigmeat"
Jarrett, pianist, died at 95.
1995 Sep 5, France under Pres.
Chirac resumed nuclear testing, after a three-year moratorium, in
the French South Pacific atoll of Mururoa. World-wide protests
failed to stop testing.
(WSJ, 9/8/95, p.A8)(AP, 9/5/00)
1995 Sep 6, Baltimore Orioles
shortstop Cal Ripken broke Lou Gehrig’s record by playing his
2,131st consecutive game.
1995 Sep 6, The Senate Ethics
Committee voted unanimously to recommend expulsion of Oregon Senator
Bob Packwood, accused of sexual and official misconduct.
1995 Sep 6, Los Angeles police
detective Mark Fuhrman invoked his Fifth Amendment right against
self-incrimination as he was called back to the witness stand at the
O.J. Simpson trial.
1995 Sep 6, An Ontario
Provincial Police sniper fatally wounded protester Dudley George
(1957-1995) as police moved in to try to end the occupation of
Ipperwash Provincial Park, on the shores of Lake Huron, by
demonstrators who were demanding the return of the park and adjacent
lands to native ownership. The Chippewas of Kettle and Stony Point
First Nation claimed the park lands as an aboriginal burial ground.
In 2007 Ontario said it will return 109 acres to native ownership.
1995 Sep 6, Hurricane "Luis"
moved away from the Caribbean after lashing resort islands.
1995 Sep 7, After 27 years in
the Senate, Bob Packwood (Republican, Oregon) announced he would
resign, heading off a vote by colleagues to expel him for
allegations of sexual and official misconduct.
1995 Sep 7, John F. Kennedy Jr.
unveiled his new "George" magazine.
1995 Sep 7, The space shuttle
"Endeavour" thundered into orbit with five astronauts on a mission
to release and recapture a pair of science satellites.
1995 Sep 8, It was reported
that a lifeless zone in the Gulf of Mexico has grown to more than
7,000 sq. miles, nearly the size of New Jersey. It was caused by
chemical and fertilizer runoff from US agriculture into the
Mississippi River. "An analysis of data from six major farm states
showed a significant correlation between (farm) subsidies and
increased chemical and fertilizer use." The subsidies encouraged
farmers to increase yield on less acreage.
(WSJ, 9/8/95, p.A10)
1995 Sep 8, Bosnia’s warring
sides reached a compromise in Geneva, agreeing to divide the nation
into two states: one for the rebel Serbs and another for the Muslims
1995 Sep 9, Amtrak’s "Broadway
Limited" service between New York and Chicago, begun in 1902,
made its final run.
1995 Sep 9, Bosnian Serbs
blamed UN forces for a shell that killed ten people at a Bosnian
Serb hospital the day before.
1995 Sep 10, NBC’s "ER" won
eight Emmy Awards, but lost best dramatic series to ABC’s "NYPD
Blue;" NBC’s "Frasier" won five awards, including best comedy
1995 Sep 10, A plane carrying
members of a skydivers club crashed in Shacklefords, Virginia,
killing ten parachutists, the plane’s pilot and a man on the ground.
1995 Sep 11, The prosecution in
the O.J. Simpson murder trial in Los Angeles reluctantly began its
rebuttal case, as ordered by Judge Lance Ito, after the defense
refused to rest.
1995 Sep 11, Jimmy Ryce (9) was
kidnapped, raped and murdered in south Florida. In 1998 Juan Carlos
Chavez, a Cuban ranch hand was convicted. His defense was that he
was framed by his bosses into a confession for fear of being
deported. The defense held that Edward Sheinhaus, the son of
Chavez’s bosses, was the killer. Chavez was executed on Feb 12,
(SFC, 9/19/98, p.A4)(SFC, 2/13/14, p.A15)
1995 Sep 12, The Belarussian
military border guards shot down a hydrogen balloon during an
international race, killing its two American pilots.
(SFC, 9/2/96, p.A12)(AP, 9/12/00)
1995 Sep 12, Jeremy Brett,
English actor (Sherlock Holmes), died at 59.
1995 Sep 13, The FBI made at
least a dozen arrests, capping a nationwide two-year investigation
of pedophiles and pornographers using the America Online computer
1995 Sep 13, "The Drew Carey
Show" premiered on ABC television.
1995 Sep 13, The hole in the
Earth's ozone layer was growing fast and was twice the size it was
in 1994. It now reached about the size of Europe.
(WSJ, 9/13/95, p.A-1)
1995 Sep 14, Bosnian Serbs
agreed to move heavy weapons and tanks away from Serajevo. NATO
halted bombing in response.
(WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A14)(SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)
1995 Sep 15, Hurricane
"Marilyn," the third major storm to batter the Caribbean in less
than a month, hit the Virgin Islands with heavy rains and 100
1995 Sep 15, The UN Fourth
World Conference on Women adjourned in Beijing after approving a
wide-ranging platform running the gamut from promoting inheritance
rights to condemning rape in wartime. The Beijing Platform, signed
by 189 states, urged a review of all laws that punish women for
(AP, 9/15/00)(Econ, 5/19/07, p.65)
1995 Sep 15, A Muslim-Croat
offensive won 1,500 square miles of land. More than 150,000 Serbs
fled, many to Eastern Slovonia.
1995 Sep 16, Shawntel Smith of
Oklahoma was crowned "Miss America" at the pageant in Atlantic City,
1995 Sep 16, President Clinton
voiced support for a Senate welfare overhaul plan sponsored by
Senate Majority Leader Bob Dole.
1995 Sep 17, A 3-year old girl,
Stephanie Kuhen, was shot dead in Los Angeles when the car she was
riding in driven by Timothy Stone made a wrong turn into a dead-end
alley in Cypress Park, and happened on a gang setting. Her 2-year
old brother was wounded in the foot. Accused of the murder are
Manuel Rosales Jr., Augustin Lizama, Hugo David Gomez, Marcos
Antonio Luna and Anthony Gabriel Rodriguez. A 6th defendant, Marvin
Pech, is expected to testify for the prosecution.
(SFC, 5/14/96, A20)
1995 Sep 17, Hong Kong held its
last legislative election before the 1997 takeover by China, with
some of Beijing’s fiercest critics the big winners.
1995 Sep 18, President Clinton
began a five-day re-election campaign fund-raising tour that got off
to a rocky start after a deal to convert the Philadelphia Naval
Shipyard to civilian use collapsed at the last minute.
1995 Sep 18, In Hong Kong
pro-democracy candidates won a sweeping victory in the last
legislative election under British rule. Democrats took 70% of the
direct vote. China vowed to disband the legislature.
(SFEC, 6/22/97, p.A14)(SFC, 7/1/97, p.A8)
1995 Sep 19, The New York Times
and The Washington Post published the Unabomber’s manifesto.
1995 Sep 19, The US Senate
passed a welfare overhaul bill.
1995 Sep 19, The US ambassador
and the commander of American forces in Japan apologized for the
rape of an Okinawan schoolgirl committed by three US servicemen.
1995 Sep 19, Orville
Redenbacher (b.1907), popcorn magnate, died at his home in Coronado,
Ca., from drowning in a bathtub.
1995 Sep 20, The US House voted
to drop the national speed limit and let states decide how fast
people should drive.
1995 Sep 20, In a move that
stunned Wall Street, AT&T Corporation announced it was splitting
into three companies.
(WSJ, 9/21/95, p.B-2)(AP, 9/19/00)
1995 Sep 20, Rene Anselmo
(b.1926), founder of PanAmSat (1984), died. “Truth and technology
will triumph over bullshit and bureaucracy."
1995 Sep 20, Bosnian Serb
rebels pulled back enough heavy weapons from around Sarajevo to keep
NATO airstrikes at bay.
1995 Sep 21, US House
Republicans unveiled partial details of their plan for Medicare
aimed at achieving $270 billion in savings over seven years.
1995 Sep 22, Steve Forbes, US
Publishing tycoon, announced a latecomer bid for the Republican
1995 Sep 22, Both sides rested
in the O.J. Simpson murder trial.
1995 Sep 22, Time Warner struck
a $7.5 billion deal to buy Turner Broadcasting System Incorporated.
1995 Sep 22, An AWACS plane
carrying US and Canadian military personnel crashed on takeoff from
Elmendorf Air Force Base near Anchorage, Alaska, killing all 24
1995 Sep 23, In a wide-ranging
interview aboard Air Force One, President Clinton admitted he had
tended in the past to get hung up on details, and pledged to do a
better job in providing reassuring leadership to Americans confused
by tumultuous times.
1995 Sep 23, Guillermo Gaede,
an Intel engineer, was arrested in Phoenix. He had used his computer
to tap into plans for the Pentium & 486 chip manufacturing
process and video taped the information in May 1993. He sent the
info to his former employer Advanced Micro Devices who notified
federal authorities. He claimed to have been double-crossed by the
FBI and also to have passed info from AMD to Cuba, China, North
Korea and Iran.
(SFC, 6/25/96, p.A23)
1995 Sep 24, Israel’s Rabin and
the PLO under Arafat, signed a pact, Oslo II, in Taba, Egypt, ending
nearly three decades of Israeli occupation of West Bank cities. They
scheduled a 9/7/97 date for Israel’s departure from the West Bank,
except for Jewish settlements and certain military locations. A
final accord was scheduled for 5/7/99.
(SFC, 1/9/96, p.A10)(AP, 9/24/00)(SFC, 4/30/02,
1995 Sep 24, A 16-year-old boy
in Cuers, France, killed 13 people before turning a gun on himself.
1995 Sep 25, Ross Perot
announced he would form a new Independence Party that would field
its own White House candidate and would try to be the swing vote in
1995 Sep 25, A New Zealand
volcano, Mt. Ruapehu, erupted with ash and steam spewed 12 miles
high. There was some discussion over the radio whether this event
was a direct result of the nuclear tests by France cited on 9/8/95.
(WSJ, 9/27/95, p.A16)
1995 Sep 26, The prosecution
began its closing argument in the murder trial of O.J. Simpson.
1995 Sep 26, Bosnia’s warring
factions agreed on guidelines for elections and a future government.
1995 Sep 26, A bond trader at
Japan’s Daiwa Bank was charged with doctoring records to hide $1.1
billion in losses.
1995 Sep 27, The US government
unveiled its redesigned $100 bill, featuring a larger, off-center
portrait of Benjamin Franklin.
1995 Sep 27, At the O.J.
Simpson trial, the prosecution and defense presented dueling
1995 Sep 27-1995 Oct 6,
Hurricane Opal caused at least 50 deaths in Guatemala and Mexico and
20 deaths in the United States. The storm hit Central America before
striking Florida, Alabama, Georgia, and North Carolina.
1995 Sep 27, Azzam Rahim, a
naturalized US citizen, was arrested during a visit to the West Bank
by intelligence officers of the Palestinian Authority. He was
imprisoned in Jericho and was reportedly tortured and killed there
on Sep 29.
(SFC, 4/19/12, p.A5)(http://tinyurl.com/7udfqt2)
1995 Sep 28, In the US the
Freeman headquarters were moved from Roundup, Mont., to Ralph
Clark’s former ranch near Jordan, Mont.
(SFC, 6/16/96, p.A4)
1995 Sep 28, Israeli Prime
Minister Yitzhak Rabin and PLO chairman Yasser Arafat signed an
accord to transfer much of the West Bank to the control of its Arab
1995 Sep 29, California
Governor Pete Wilson abandoned his bid for the 1996 Republican
1995 Sep 29, The O.J. Simpson
trial was sent to the jury.
1995 Sep 29, Three U-S
servicemen were indicted in the rape of a 12-year-old Okinawan girl
and handed over to Japanese authorities. They were later convicted.
1995 Sep 30, US envoy Richard
Holbrooke, trying to negotiate a Bosnian cease-fire, ended
inconclusive talks with the Sarajevo government and headed for
Belgrade to try his luck with the Serbs.
1995 Sep, The US government
came up with a new proposal security in computer communications,
dubbed by critics as Clipper II.
(Wired, 9/96, p.224)
1995 Sep, The US House voted
not to save $493 million by cutting back production of the B-2
bomber. House members voting to maintain bomber production were
strongly supported a Northrup Grumman PAC.
(SFEC, 3/2/97, Z1 p.8)
1995 Sep, In Wenatchee, Wa.,
Manuel Hidalgo Rodriguez (33) was sentenced to 5 1/2 years in prison
for alleged rape and child molestation. He was one of 43 people
charged in a series of cases that imprisoned 21 people based on
charges by 2 girls aged 10 and 12. Reversals to the convictions
began in 1997 and continued to 1999.
(WSJ, 9/21/99, p.A26)
1995 Sep, The US warned Bosnia
to desist from an offensive against the Serb stronghold of Banja
(WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A14)
1995 Sep, A global treaty that
barred rich countries from dumping toxic waste in the Third World
went into effect.
(SFC, 6/1/96, p.C1)
1995 Sep, Chen Xitong, former
mayor of Beijing, was stripped of his seat on the Politburo.
(SFC, 9/10/97, p.A9)
1995 Sep, Bob Denard, a French
mercenary soldier, and accomplices overthrew Comoran President
Mohammed Djohar, and put opposition leaders Mohammed Taki and
Said-Ali Kemal in power in the Indian Ocean state. The French army
intervened in October under bilateral accords with the Comoros
islands, a former French colony, and captured the mercenaries.
In 2006 Denard was found guilty for his part in the coup and given a
suspended five-year prison sentence. His 26 accomplices were found
guilty but were given suspended sentences or were not penalized.
1995 Sep, In India N.
Chandrababu Naidu took power in Andhra Pradesh state from his
father-in-law N.T. Rama Rao. Rao was the founder of the ethnic based
Telugu Desam Party. www.andrhapradesh.com
(SFC, 2/2/99, p.A9)
1995 Sep, The 500-year-old body
of a young Inca girl was found frozen near the summit of Mt. Ampato,
Peru, by American archeologist Johan Reinhard. In 2005 Reinhard
authored “The Ice Maiden: Inca Mummies, Mountain Gods, and the
Sacred Sites in the Andes."
(SFC, 5/22/96, p.A8)(Arch, 5/05, p.51)
1995 Sep, Human footsteps that
dated back some 186,000 years were discovered along Langebaan Lagoon
some 60 miles north of Cape Town, South Africa.
(SFC, 8/15/97, p.A3)
1995 Sep, German physicists
created the first atoms of antimatter for 40 billionths of a sec. in
(WSJ, 1/5/96, p.A1)
1995 Sep, In Israel Adel
Kaadan, an Arab with Israeli citizenship, filed suit when he was not
allowed to move into a Jewish cooperative at Katsir.
(SFEC, 3/1/98, p.A15)
1995 Sep, A Fokker-50
operated by a Malaysian airline crashed on arrival at Tawau,
Malaysia airport, killing 34 people. The plane touched down 500
yards short of the runway, pulled up and crashed into a shantytown.
1995 Sep, In Northern Ireland
David Trimble became the leader of the Ulster Unionist Party. He
favored a stable government within Northern Ireland and cooperation
with the Irish Republic.
(SFC, 4/11/98, p.A8)
1995 Sep, In Tibet Ngawang
Choepel, a musician on a Fullbright scholarship, was arrested on
grounds of espionage. He had arrived as a Chinese citizen to make a
documentary on folk music and dance.
(SFC, 12/28/96, p.A13)
1995 Oct 1, Sheik Omar
Abdel-Rahman, a blind Egyptian cleric accused of leading a "war of
urban terrorism" against US cities, was convicted with nine other
defendants of seditious conspiracy by a federal jury in New York.
(WSJ, 10/2/95, P.A3)(AP, 10/1/00)
1995 Oct 1, France detonated
another nuclear device, 5 times more powerful than the last one, on
Fangatouga Atoll in the South Pacific.
(WSJ, 10/2/95, P.A1)
1995 Oct 1, An earthquake in
southwestern Turkey killed about 90 people.
1995 Oct 2, O.J. Simpson’s
jurors stunned the courtroom and the nation by reaching verdicts in
the sensational eight-month murder trial in less than four hours.
The decision was kept secret until the following day, when it was
announced that Simpson had been acquitted. Simpson was acquitted in
the double-murder of his wife Nicole Brown Simpson and her friend
(WSJ, 10/4/95, p.A1)(SFEC, 9/8/96, BR p.1)(AP,
1995 Oct 3, A public government
report cited US government biological and chemical experiments and
called the events "a dark period in our history."
(SFC, 2/21/98, p.A15)
1995 Oct 3, The jury in the
O.J. Simpson murder trial found the former football star innocent of
the 1994 slayings of his former wife, Nicole Brown Simpson, and
Ronald Goldman. Simpson was later found liable in a civil
proceeding. The verdict, reached Oct 2, was announced Oct 3.
(AP, 10/3/97)(WSJ, 10/4/95, p.A-1)(SFEC, 9/8/96,
1995 Oct 3, In Texas three
young crooks stole a suitcase from a walk-in storage locker in North
Austin. The suitcase contained some $80,000 in coins stashed by Gary
Karr, David Roland Waters and Danny Raymond Fry, who were implicated
in the disappearance of atheist Madalyn Murray O’Hair.
(SFC, 6/3/00, p.A7)
1995 Oct 3, Pres. Gligorov
(1917-2012), leader of Macedonia, was critically hurt in a car bomb
attack in Skopje, Macedonia. The bomb, which targeted his car as he
headed to work in the capital, cost him an eye and killed his driver
and a bystander.
(WSJ, 10/4/95, p.A-1)(AP, 1/2/12)
1995 Oct 3, The Sri Lankan army
claimed to have killed 200 Tamil Tiger rebels on the northern Jaffa
(WSJ, 10/4/95, p.A1)
1995 Oct 4, Pope John Paul the
Second arrived in the United States for a five-day visit.
1995 Oct 4, Hurricane Opal
battered the Florida panhandle.
1995 Oct 5, Seamus Heaney won
the Nobel Prize in literature. His poetic works portray the pain of
sectarian strife and growing up in a Roman Catholic farming family.
His works include: "Death of a Naturalist" (1966), "Door into the
Dark" (1969), "North" (1975), "Field Work" (1979), "The Spirit
Level" (1996) and the Nobel lecture "Crediting Poetry."
(WSJ, 10/6/95, p.A1)(SFEC, 8/25/96, BR p.8)
1995 Oct 5, Pres. Clinton
announced that a cease-fire was agreed on in Bosnia to start on Oct
10, and that combatants would attend talks in the US. Bosnia’s
combatants agreed to a 60-day cease-fire and new talks on ending
their three and a-half years of battle.
(SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)(AP, 10/5/00)
1995 Oct 5, Hurricane Opal
killed 15 people in the Florida Panhandle and caused $1.8 bil in
insured property damages.
(WSJ, 10/6/95, p.A1)
1995 Oct 5, In Xaman village,
Guatemala, 11 war refugees were killed by government soldiers. In
1999 25 soldiers were convicted for homicide. 12 soldiers were
sentenced to 5 years in prison and the rest to 4 years already
served. In 2004 an officer and 13 soldiers were each sentenced to 40
years in prison for the Xaman massacre of recently returned civil
(SFC, 8/14/99, p.C1)(AP, 7/9/04)
1995 Oct 6, President Clinton
delivered an address in which he defended his stewardship of US
foreign policy and spoke out against what he said was a spreading
mood of isolationism.
1995 Oct 6, Boeing Company’s
largest group of union workers went on a 69-day strike after voting
down a new three-year contract offer.
1995 Oct 7, New York’s Central
Park was transformed into a giant open-air cathedral as Pope John
Paul the Second celebrated Mass before a flock of 130,000.
1995 Oct 7, A 7.0 earthquake
killed 80-100 people on Indonesia's island of Sumatra.
(WSJ, 10/9/95, p.A1)(AP, 10/7/00)
1995 Oct 8, On the final day of
his fourth US pilgrimage, Pope John Paul the Second celebrated Mass
at Oriole Park in Baltimore.
1995 Oct 8, Christopher Keene,
conductor and musician, died at 48.
1995 Oct 9, The Nobel Prize in
medicine was awarded to Edward Lewis of Caltech, Eric Wieschaus of
Princeton, and Christiane Nuesslein-Volhard of Germany's Max Planck
Inst. They all studied genes in relation to embryonic development.
They unraveled the developmental genetics of the fruit fly
Drosophila and discovered homologs of the same genes in vertebrates.
(WSJ, 10/10/95, p.A1)(NH, 2/97, p.70)
1995 Oct 9, Nation of Islam
leader Louis Farrakhan and former NAACP exec. Benjamin Chavis
propose to lead a march of black men, "the million man march," on
Washington DC on Oct. 16.
(WSJ, 10/10/95, p.A1)(SFC, 2/25/97, p.A10)
1995 Oct 9, Saboteurs pulled 29
spikes from a stretch of railroad track, causing an Amtrak train to
derail in Arizona; one person was killed and about 100 were injured.
1995 Oct 9, An earthquake of
7.8 magnitude shakes Mexico's Pacific coast killing at least 90 in
southern Jalisco state. An earthquake with a magnitude of 7.6 shook
the west coast of Mexico, killing 51 people.
(WSJ, 10/10/95, p.A1)(AP, 10/9/00)
1995 Oct 10, World chess
champion Garry Kasparov won a month-long championship match against
1995 Oct 10, The Nobel Prize in
Economic Science was awarded to Robert E. Lucas of the Univ. of
Chicago for his theory of "rational expectations." He demonstrated
how people’s fears and expectations can frustrate policymakers’
efforts to shape the economy.
(WSJ, 10/11/95, p. A1)(AP, 10/10/00)
1995 Oct 10, The Nobel Prize in
chemistry was won by Mario Molina of MIT, Sherwood Rowland
(1927-2012) of UC Irvine, & Dutch scientist Paul Crutzen for the
study of Earth's ozone layer and their controversial work warning
that gases once used in spray cans and other items were eating away
Earth’s ozone layer.
(WSJ, 10/11/95, p. A-1)(AP, 10/11/00)(SFC,
1995 Oct 10, The Nobel physics
prize went to Martin Perl of Stanford and Frederick Reines (d.1998
at 80) of UC Irvine for discovering the subatomic neutrino particle.
Perl helped discover the tau lepton in 1975, a particle that
resembles an electron but is 30,000 times heavier.
(WSJ, 10/11/95, p. A-1)(SFC, 5/1/97, p.A7)(SFC,
1995 Oct 10, Israel began a
West Bank pullback and freed hundreds of Palestinian prisoners.
1995 Oct 10, Paolo Gucci (64),
Italian entrepreneur and accessories designer, died.
1995 Oct 11, Ten Republican
presidential candidates used their first televised forum to politely
compete for support in the New Hampshire primary.
1995 Oct 11, O.J. Simpson
backed out of his live interview with NBC Dateline just hours before
1995 Oct 11, In Bosnia a
cease-fire was declared.
(WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A14)
1995 Oct 12, After a 2-day
delay, the US-brokered cease-fire in Bosnia-Herzegovina went into
effect a minute after midnight. Fighting continued over contested
towns in northwest Bosnia.
(SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)(AP, 10/12/00)
1995 Oct 13, The Nobel Peace
Prize was awarded to Polish-born British physicist Joseph Rotblat
(1908-2005) and the Pugwash Conferences (begun in Canada in 1957)
for their efforts to diminish the part played by nuclear arms in
10/13/00)(SFC, 9/2/05, p.B5)(WSJ, 10/16/95, p. A1)
1995 Oct 14, The Atlanta Braves
won the National League pennant by beating the Cincinnati Reds,
6-to-0, to complete a four-game sweep.
1995 Oct 14, In Mississippi
Rhonda Hatten Griffis (28), a mother of two, was found dead at her
home in Petal. Larry Matthew Puckett, a local landscaper, was
convicted of her murder in 1996 and sentenced to death. Puckett said
it was David Griffis who murdered his wife with the club after
accusing her of having an affair. Puckett (35) was executed on March
(SFC, 3/21/12, p.A5)(http://tinyurl.com/7nsuodd)
1995 Oct 14, An armed gunman
seized a bus carrying South Korean tourists in Moscow’s Red Square.
Commandos stormed the bus the next day, killing the gunman and
freeing four remaining hostages.
1995 Oct 15, The Nobel Peace
Prize was awarded to British physicist Joseph Rotblat and the
Pugwash Conferences for their efforts to diminish the part played by
nuclear arms in international politics.
(WSJ, 10/16/95, p. A1)
1995 Oct 15, Six Israeli
soldiers were killed in Israeli-occupied southern Lebanon in an
ambush blamed on the Iranian-backed group Hezbollah.
1995 Oct 16, A vast throng of
black men gathered in Washington D.C. for the "Million Man March,"
"A Day of Atonement," led by Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan.
(AP, 10/16/97)(HN, 10/16/98)
1995 Oct 16, In California the
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory released a $450,000 story
that said leaks from underground gas storage tanks were not as bad
as once believed. The tests did not include the effects of MTBE in
leaking into ground water.
(SFC, 9/15/97, p.A9)
1995 Oct 16, Ethnic riots
continued for a second day in Nairobi, capital of Kenya, between the
Luos and the Nubians.
(WSJ, 10/17/95, A1)
1995 Oct 16, Bosnian Serb
leader Karadzic fired four generals for battlefield losses. Appeals
were made to Serbian leader Milosevic for protection.
(WSJ, 10/17/95, A1)
1995 Oct 16-18, Richard
Holbrooke and other international mediators met in Moscow and
traveled to the main capitals of the former Yugoslavia. The US named
the Wright-Patterson Air Force Base in Dayton, Ohio, as the site for
the peace talks.
1995 Oct 17, The Cleveland
Indians won the American League pennant by defeating the Seattle
Mariners, 4-to-0, in game six of their playoff series.
1995 Oct 17, President Clinton
told wealthy contributors at a Houston fund-raiser that "you think I
raised your taxes too much. It might surprise you to know that I
think I raised them too much, too"— a statement that drew criticism
from both Republicans and Democrats.
1995 Oct 17, The gasoline
additive MTBE showed up in a second drinking water well in Santa
Monica. The city was later forced to shut down half of its water
well supply due to MTBE.
(SFC, 9/15/97, p.A10)
1995 Oct 17, A bomb exploded
aboard a Paris subway car, wounding 29 people.
1995 Oct 17, In Sri Lanka the
army started the 1st phase of an effort to take full control of the
Jaffna peninsula. Shelling and bombing against civilians often
(SFC, 7/24/96, p.A9)
1995 Oct 18, President Clinton,
facing political fallout for telling financial contributors that "I
raised your taxes too much," said he had no regrets about the tax
increase package he’d signed into law in 1993.
1995 Oct 19, Ignoring a veto
threat, the US House passed a Republican plan for overhauling
Medicare by raising premiums for the elderly and disabled and saving
billions from hospital and doctor fees.
1995 Oct 19, Firefighters in
western China extinguished a 100 year old blaze in an untapped coal
deposit and saved 5.5 mil. tons of coal reserves in the Baiyanghe
mine in the Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region. The fire had consumed
300,000 tons of coal a year.
(WSJ, 10/20/95, p. A1)
1995 Oct 19, Croatian leader
Tudjman said he will hold forces back from a Serb held area of
Croatia during peace talks.
(WSJ, 10/20/95, p. A1)
1995 Oct 20, France, the United
States and Britain announced a treaty banning atomic blasts in the
South Pacific—but only after France finished testing there the
1995 Oct 20, Space
shuttle "Columbia" was launched on a research flight that had been
delayed six times.
1995 Oct 20, NATO Secretary
General Willy Claes resigned to face corruption charges in his
native Belgium. He later received a three-year suspended jail
1995 Oct 20, Tiger guerrillas
blew up two oil depots in Colombo, Sri Lanka.
(SFC, 7/24/96, p.A9)
1995 Oct 20, France's Pres.
Chirac to meet Zeroual, the Algerian military ruler, despite recent
bombings in France.
(WSJ, 10/20/95, p. A1)
1995 Oct 21, The Atlanta Braves
won game one of the World Series, defeating the visiting Cleveland
1995 Oct 21, Rioting inmates
surrendered control of a prison dormitory in Greenville, Illinois,
ending a one-day uprising that began after the government ordered
federal prisons locked down nationwide.
1995 Oct 21, Maxene Andrews of
the Andrews Sisters died in Hyannis, Massachusetts, at age 79.
1995 Oct 22, The Atlanta Braves
defeated the Cleveland Indians, 4-3, to win the first two games of
the World Series.
1995 Oct 22, President Clinton,
campaigning in San Francisco for California Democrats, demanded that
schools expel gun-toting students after earlier accusing Republicans
of plotting to gut his education package.
1995 Oct 22, The largest
gathering of world leaders in history marked the 50th anniversary of
the United Nations.
1995 Oct 22, Sir Kingsley Amis
(73), British novelist and poet, died in London. His 25 novels
included “Lucky Jim" (1954) and “The Green Man" (1969). His work
also included "The King’s English: A Guide to Modern Usage" and 6
volumes of verse. In 1998 Eric Jacobs published the biography
"Kingsley Amis." In 2000 his son, Martin Amis, authored the memoir:
"Experience." In 2007 Zachary Leader authored “The Life of Kingsley
Amis." In 2007 Zachary Leader authored “The Life of Kingsley Amis."
(WSJ, 10/23/95, p.A1)(SFEC, 7/19/98, BR
p.3)(SFEC, 5/28/00, BR p.1)(AP, 10/22/05)(SSFC, 4/22/07,
p.P10)(Econ, 4/21/07, p.96)
1995 Oct 23, President Clinton
met with Russian President Boris Yeltsin in Hyde Park, New York; the
leaders agreed that Russian troops would help enforce peace in
Bosnia, but remained deadlocked on the issue of NATO command.
1995 Oct 23, A jury in Houston
convicted Yolanda Saldivar of murdering Tejano singing star Selena.
1995 Oct 24, The Cleveland
Indians got their first victory in the World Series, defeating the
Atlanta Braves 7-to-6 in game three.
1995 Oct 24, President Clinton
and Chinese President Jiang Zemin met in New York, trying to
stabilize relations shaken by disputes over human rights, trade and
1995 Oct 25, "Victor/Victoria,"
opened at Marquis Theater NYC for 738 performances.
1995 Oct 25, The Atlanta Braves
defeated the Cleveland Indians 5-to-2, taking a three-games-to-one
lead in the World Series.
1995 Oct 25, John J. Sweeney
was elected AFL-CIO president. He soon pledged to his 13 million
members “We will not be a rubber stamp of the Democrats."
(AP, 10/25/00)(Econ, 5/14/05, p.32)
1995 Oct 25, A commuter train
slammed into a school bus in Fox River Grove, Illinois, killing
1995 Oct 25, Tennis hustler
Bobby Riggs died in Leucadia, California, at age 77.
1995 Oct 25, In Sri Lanka the
Tamil Tiger rebels struggled to halt an army offensive in their
(WSJ, 10/26/95, p.A1)
1995 Oct 26, The US House
passed, 227-to-203, a Republican balanced-budget bill that would
shrink the federal government, cut taxes and return power to the
1995 Oct 26, The Cleveland
Indians won their second game of the World Series by defeating the
Atlanta Braves, 5-to-4, in game five.
1995 Oct 26, In California
Deborah Sammons (40) was raped and murdered by Robert Bacon. He had
been hired to murder Deborah by her husband Charles Sammons, who
later pleaded guilty to non-capital murder and was sentenced to 25
years in prison. In 2010 the California state Supreme Court upheld
the death penalty for Bacon.
(SFC, 10/22/10, p.D2)(http://tinyurl.com/23r33e5)
1995 Oct 26, Islamic Jihad
leader Fathi Shakaki was shot to death on the Mediterranean island
of Malta in a killing his supporters blamed on Israel.
(LVRJ, 11/1/97, p.17A)(AP, 10/26/05)
1995 Oct 27, The Smithsonian’s
National Zoological Park in Washington unveiled an exhibition called
Think Tank. The exhibit demonstrated learning and thinking by live
(NH, 8/96, p.26)
1995 Oct 27, William Kreutzer,
US Army sergeant, opened fire on a field of 1300 soldiers at Fort
Bragg, NC. He killed a fellow 82nd Airborne soldier, Major Stephen
Badger and wounded several others. Defense lawyers in 1996 pleaded
that he suffered from depression. He was convicted of pre-meditated
murder on 6/11/96. The next day he was sentenced to death. His death
sentence was later overturned. In 2009 Kreutzer pleaded guilty under
a deal that could get him life in prison at most.
(SFC, 6/11/96, p.A2)(SFC, 6/12/96, p.A2)(SFC,
6/13/96, p.A2)(AP, 10/27/05)(SFC, 3/12/09, p.A6)
1995 Oct 27, Thousands rallied
in Montreal for national unity three days before a referendum on
whether Quebec should secede.
1995 Oct 27, Former South
Korean Pres. Roh Tae Woo confessed that he had created and
maintained a political slush fund. Prosecutors had accused him of
amassing some $492 million in secret accounts.
(SFC, 8/26/96, p.A11)
1995 Oct 28, The Atlanta Braves
defeated the Cleveland Indians, 1-0, to win the World Series in Game
1995 Oct 28, The US Senate
approved a GOP package of spending slashes and tax reductions,
1995 Oct 28, An 18-wheel truck
plunged over an embankment outside Washington DC and spilled 100
gallons of sulfuric acid onto I-95. The driver, Tom Billings, had
(WSJ, 5/6/96, p.B-1)
1995 Oct 29, Terry
Southern (b.1924), writer (Candy, The Magic Christian), died of
respiratory failure in NYC. He wrote the screenplays for Dr.
Strangelove (1964), The Cincinnati Kid (1966), Casino Royale (1967),
Easy Rider (1969).
1995 Oct 29, Palestinians
burned American and Israeli flags and swore revenge for the
assassination of Dr. Fathi Shakaki, the leader of the radical
Islamic Jihad and a top architect of terror attacks against Israel.
Shakaki was gunned down three days earlier in Malta, reportedly by
1995 Oct 30, The people of
Quebec rejected an independence referendum by a very narrow margin,
50.6% to 49.4%. It was the 2nd defeat in 15 years. The margin was
50,000 votes out of 5 million cast.
(WSJ, 11/1/95, p.A1)(SFC, 11/9/96, p.A12)(WSJ,
1995 Oct 31, Stung by defeat in
the secession referendum, Quebec Premier Jacques Parizeau said he
would resign as head of the bitterly divided province at year’s end.
1995 Oct, In Kewanee, Ill.,
Scott English, the boyfriend of Tabitha Pollock, killed Jami Pollock
(3) as she and her mother slept. Tabitha Pollock, the mother, was
later convicted of 1st degree murder for not preventing the murder
and sentenced to 36 years in prison. In 2002 the state Supreme Court
overturned the sentence. English was sentenced to life in prison.
(SFC, 11/29/02, p.J3)
1995 Oct, In Pennsylvania Jonny
Gammage died from asphyxiation when police officers subdued him
following a traffic stop in Overbrook. In 1999 the Justice Dept.
closed its case against the officers due to lack of evidence that
they used unreasonable force.
(SFC, 2/19/99, p.A5)
1995 Oct, The Panama
Declaration was signed by the US and 11 other tuna-producing
countries. It permitted the purse seigning method with mandates that
the fisherman assist dolphins in escaping from their tuna nets.
(SFC, 7/30/97, p.A10)
1995 Oct, In Djibouti the
half-burned body of French judge Bernard Borrel was found at the
foot of a ravine 80 kilometers (50 miles) from the town of Djibouti.
A former French military intelligence officer later testified that
Borrel was investigating President Ismael Omar Guelleh, who was then
a candidate for the top job.
1995 Oct, In Guatemala the
government army led a massacre in the region of Chajul.
(SFC, 9/8/97, p.A9)
1995 Oct, Swiss astronomers
Michel Mayor (b.1942) and Didier Queloz (b.1966) revealed that the
spectrum of light from the star 51 Pegosi shifts on a regular
4.23-day period and concluded that the shifts were due to a nearby
1995 Oct, Ramadan Abdullah
Shallah took over as head of the Islamic Jihad, based in Damascus,
Syria. From 1991 to 1995 Mr. Shallah had been a professor at Tampa’s
Univ. of S. Florida and director of the World Islamic Studies
1995 Oct, Dr. Kataria organized
a group of 5 people in Bombay to share jokes and laugh. The group
grew to more than 100 laughing clubs across the country.
(WSJ, 9/12/96, p.B1)
1995 Nov 1, The US House voted
to ban so-called "partial birth" abortions by a vote of 288-to-139.
1995 Nov 1, Bosnia peace talks
for the countries of the former Yugoslavia were launched in Dayton,
Ohio, with the leaders of Bosnia, Serbia and Croatia present.
(SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)(AP, 11/1/00)
1995 Nov 2, Daiwa Bank was
expelled from the US after it was learned that it tried to cover-up
illicit trades by bond trader Toshihide Iguchi who lost some $1.1
billion between 1984-1995. Mr. Iguchi was later sentenced to 4 years
in prison and fined nearly $2.6 million.
(WSJ, 1/8/97, p.A14)(AP, 11/2/00)
1995 Nov 2, A man claiming to
have a bomb hijacked a school bus with 13 learning-disabled children
aboard. He led authorities around Miami-area highways for an hour
and a-half before being fatally shot by police.
1995 Nov 2, In Colombia Alvaro
Gomez Hurtado, head of the main opposition Conservative Party, was
assassinated. In 1998 former Colonel Bernardo Ruiz was charged with
(SFC, 10/31/98, p.A13)
1995 Nov 3, President Clinton
dedicated a memorial at Arlington National Cemetery to the 270
victims of the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103.
1995 Nov 3, The US Labor
Department reported the nation’s unemployment rate had edged down to
five-point-five percent in October, a seven-month low.
1995 Nov 3, Typhoon Angela
killed at least 500 people in the northern Philippines and 200 were
reported missing. Winds hit the main island of Luzon at 167 mph.
Typhoon “Angela" ripped through the Philippines, killing more than
(WSJ,11/6/95, p.A-1)(AP, 11/3/00)
1995 Nov 4, Israeli Prime
Minister Yitzhak Rabin, 73 years old, was killed by a right-wing, 27
year old Israeli law student, Yigal Amir, at a Tel Aviv peace rally.
Shimon Peres assumed the post of acting Prime Minister. His wife,
Leah, published "Rabin: Our Life, His Legacy in 1997." It was later
revealed the Amir was working under the influence of Avishai Raviv,
an agent of the Shin Bet security service.
(WSJ, 11/6/95, p.A1)(SFC, 4/21/97, p.A1)(AP,
1995 Nov 5, An endless
procession of Israelis filed past the simple wooden coffin of Prime
Minister Yitzhak Rabin, who’d been assassinated the night before.
1995 Nov 6, Michael Guillen
published his "Five Equations That Changed the World." The book
narrates the stories behind Newton's law of gravity, Daniel
Bernoulli's law of hydrodynamic pressure, Michael Faraday's law of
electromagnetic induction, Rudolf Clausius's law of entropy, and
Albert Einstein's law of mass-energy equivalence.
(WSJ, 11/6/95, p. A20)
1995 Nov 6, Cleveland
Browns owner Art Modell announced plans to move his team to
1995 Nov 6, The US Air Force
launched the most powerful unmanned rocket, Titan 4, with a $1 bil.
Milstar communications satellite for the defense dept.
(WSJ, 11/7/95, p.A1)
1995 Nov 6, Funeral services
were held in Jerusalem for assassinated Israeli Prime Minister
Yitzhak Rabin. President Clinton led the US delegation; Arab
dignitaries also attended, including Jordan’s King Hussein and
Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak.
1995 Nov 7, In a Japanese
courtroom, three American military men admitted to the ambush-rape
of a 12-year-old Okinawan schoolgirl, an attack that outraged the
Japanese and strained security ties between Japan and the US. The
men later received prison sentences ranging from six and a-half to
1995 Nov 7, John Patrick
(b.1905), screenwriter, died.
1995 Nov 8, Retired General
Colin Powell embraced the Republican Party, but said he would not
run for president or any other political office in 1996 because it
was "a calling that I do not yet hear."
1995 Nov 8, An air force Fokker
27 crashed in central Argentina’s mountains and killed all 57 on
(SFC, 11/1/96, p.A18)
1995 Nov 9, In a pair of
telephone interviews, O.J. Simpson told Associated Press reporter
Linda Deutsch that people have supported rather than shunned him
since his acquittal, and that he has learned that fame and wealth
are illusions: "The only thing that endures is character."
1995 Nov 9, Yasser Arafat made
a secret trip to Israel to offer condolences to the widow of
assassinated PM Rabin.
(SFC, 11/11/04, p.A18)
1995 Nov 10, Dario Kordic,
ex-chairman of the Croatian Party in Bosnia, and Gen’l. Tihomir
Blaskic, former leader of the Bosnian Croat militia, were indicted
for genocide by the UN War Crimes Tribunal for commanding forces
responsible that killed hundreds of Muslims in Central Bosnia in
(SFC, 11/30/96, p.A15)
1995 Nov 10, Searchers in
Kathmandu, Nepal, rescued 549 hikers after a massive avalanche
struck the Himalayan foothills, killing 24 tourists and 32 Nepalese.
1995 Nov 10, In Nigeria the
execution by hanging of Ken Saro-Wiwa, and eight other members of
the Movement for the Survival of the Ogoni People was supervised by
military govt. Col. Dauda Musa Komo. This prompted the threat of
economic sanctions by the US and the EU. A government tribunal had
sentenced environmental activist, Ken Saro-Wiwa, and three others to
hang for murder. He denied the charges and led protests against oil
activities and pollution in the Ogoniland region.
(WSJ, 11/1/95, p.A-1)(WSJ, 11/13/95, p.A1)(WSJ,
1995 Nov 11, With a partial
government shutdown looming, President Clinton and Republican
congressional leaders clashed over Medicare and bickered over who to
include in compromise budget talks.
1995 Nov 11, Charles Scribner
Jr. (b.1921), publisher, died.
1995 Nov 11, Choi Jong, a South
Korean adventurer, began a walking trip across the Sahara Desert
from Nouakchott, Mauritania.
(SFC, 6/8/96, p.A12)
1995 Nov 11, In Sri Lanka 2
rebel suicide bombers killed 15 people in Colombo in an unsuccessful
attack on army headquarters.
(SFC, 7/24/96, p.A9)
1995 Nov 12, CBS replaced a
special whistle blowing interview with Jeffrey Wigand, a former
tobacco company scientist, with a watered down version of the story.
The 1999 film "The Insider" was a dramatization of the incident.
(SFEC, 10/24/99, DB p.54)
1995 Nov 12, The space shuttle
"Atlantis" blasted off on a mission to dock with the Russian space
1995 Nov 12, Israel’s ruling
Labor Party unanimously approved Shimon Peres as its new leader,
replacing slain Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin.
1995 Nov 13, The US government
braced for imminent partial shutdown as President Clinton vetoed one
budget bill and prepared to reject another in a fiscal standoff with
1995 Nov 13, A car bomb killed
7 people, including five Americans, and injured about 60 at a
military training facility in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
(WSJ, 10/14/95, p.A1)(SFC, 6/27/96, p.A10)(SFEC,
11/10/96, p.T5)(AP, 11/13/00)
1995 Nov 14, US Representative
Enid Greene Waldholtz (Republican, Utah) filed for divorce from her
husband, Joe, who was under federal investigation for possible
campaign financing improprieties. Joe Waldholtz spent 22 months in
1995 Nov 14, Jack Finney (84),
author (Body Snatchers, Time and Again), died of pneumonia.
1995 Nov 14, In Liberia
extra-judicial killings left 7 soldiers dead. In 2012 a US
immigration judge ordered George Boley (62), the former leader of
the Liberian Peace Council, out of the country in upstate New York
citing "credible reports" that Boley authorized the executions of
seven of his soldiers on this day.
1995 Nov 14-1995 Nov 20, The US
government instituted a partial shutdown, closing national parks and
museums while government offices operated with skeleton crews.
(SFC, 9/12/98, p.A12)(AP,
1995 Nov 15, On the 2nd day of
a government shutdown Monica Lewinsky and Pres. Clinton began a
sexual relationship at the White House. The relationship lasted
about 18 months.
(SFC, 1/22/98, p.A3)(SFC, 8/19/98, p.A3)(SFC,
1995 Nov 15, The space shuttle
"Atlantis" docked with the orbiting Russian space station "Mir."
1995 Nov 16, Refusing to yield,
President Clinton threatened anew to veto the latest Republican
offer to end a three-day partial government shutdown; Democrats
savaged House Speaker Newt Gingrich for claiming Clinton had snubbed
him recently aboard Air Force One.
1995 Nov 16, Attorney General
Janet Reno disclosed she has Parkinson’s disease.
1995 Nov 16, Bosnian Serbs
Radovan Karadzic and Gen’l. Ratko Mladic were again indicted for
genocide by the UN War Crimes Tribunal for ordering the slaughter of
Muslims after the takeover of Srebrenica.
(SFC, 11/30/96, p.A15)
1995 Nov 17, Pres. Clinton and
Monica Lewinsky engaged in their 2nd sexual encounter. This occurred
during a phone call to Rep. H. L. "Sonny" Callahan (R., Ala.) to
secure his vote against an attempt to deny funds to commit troops in
(SFC, 9/12/98, p.A12)(WSJ, 9/28/98, p.A28)
1995 Nov 17, The commander of
US forces in the Pacific called the rape of a 12-year-old Okinawan
girl "absolutely stupid" and said in Washington the incident could
have been avoided if the US servicemen involved had simply paid for
sex. Admiral Richard C. Macke later apologized for his
remarks, and took early retirement.
1995 Nov 18, With no relief in
sight from a budget impasse that forced a partial federal shutdown,
the House rebelled against Republican leaders during a raucous
Saturday session and voted to oppose formally adjourning the chamber
until Monday. GOP leaders put the chamber into recess anyway.
1995 Nov 18, Mike Foster was
elected as the 53rd governor of Louisiana.
1995 Nov 19, The Clinton
administration and Republican congressional leaders reached a deal
to end a six-day budget standoff and resulting partial government
1995 Nov 19, A suicide bomber
self-destructed in the Egyptian embassy in Islamabad and killed 15
others. 59 were wounded. Islamic militants opposed to the Cairo
regime claimed responsibility.
(WSJ, 11/20/95, p.A-1)(MC, 11/19/01)
1995 Nov 19, Polish President
Lech Walesa was defeated in his bid for re-election.
1995 Nov 20, Radio stations
began airing a new Beatles recording, "Free As a Bird," which had
debuted on ABC TV the night before.
1995 Nov 20, US Federal
employees, idled during a government shutdown, returned to their
1995 Nov 20, The US FDA
approved new therapy for use as an initial AIDS treatment, 3TC.
1995 Nov 20, Olympic figure
skating champion Sergei Grinkov (28) died of a heart attack in Lake
Placid, New York.
1995 Nov 20, BBC Television
broadcast an interview with Princess Diana, who admitted being
unfaithful to Prince Charles.
1995 Nov 20, France conducted
its 4th nuclear test at the Mururoa atoll in French Polynesia.
[other news sources indicated a severe earthquake with the epicenter
in the Red Sea]
(WSJ, 11/22/95, p.A1)
1995 Nov 21, The Dow Jones
Industrials in the US closed above 5000 for the first time to
(WSJ, 11/22/95, p.A1)(AP, 11/21/97)
1995 Nov 21, The Dayton Peace
Accord, was initialed by the leaders of Bosnia, Croatia and Serbia.
US Sec. of State, Warren Christopher and chief mediator Richard
Holbrooke manage to keep the parties talking for over 3 weeks to
reach this agreement to end three and a-half years of ethnic
fighting in Bosnia-Herzegovina. One year deployment of 20,000 US
troops as one-third of a NATO peace keeping force was estimated to
cost about $1.5 bil. The US also planned to contribute $600 mil over
three years to help rebuild Bosnia.
(WSJ, 11/22/95, p.A1,3)(SFC, 10/6/00, p.A19)(AP,
1995 Nov 21, In Mississippi
Patty Milliken (38) disappeared after walking out of the Majik Mart
convenience store where she worked to have a cigarette with William
Mitchell in Biloxi. Mitchell was convicted of murder in 1998 and was
executed on March 22, 2012.
(SFC, 3/23/12, p.A7)(http://tinyurl.com/7wbfdsx)
1995 Nov 21, Former Nazi Capt.
Erich Priebke was extradited from Argentina to Italy to face trial
for his role in the Ardeatine Caves massacre. A court found him
guilty in 1996 but released him because too much time had elapsed
since the crime. There was a major uproar and he was again arrested
and a 1997 trial convicted him and co-defendant Major Karl Hass.
Priebke was sentenced to 5 years in prison. Hass was convicted but
released due to mitigating circumstances. face charges in the
massacre of 335 Italian civilians in Nazi-occupied Rome.
(AP, 3/23/97)(WSJ, 10/3/95, p.A-21) (WSJ,
11/21/95, p.A-1)(SFC, 7/23/97, p.A9)
1995 Nov 21, France detonated a
fourth underground nuclear blast at its test site in the South
1995 Nov 21, Israel granted
citizenship to jailed US spy Jonathan Jay Pollard.
1995 Nov 21-1995 Nov 28, In one
week of sales, `The Beatles Anthology 1' beat sales record in the
US: 855,473 copies. Previous record: Michael Jackson's `History',
1995 Nov 22, The Commerce
Department reported the US trade deficit had narrowed to its lowest
level in nine months.
1995 Nov 22, John Putz (89),
1995 Nov 22, In Spain Juan
Holgado (26), who dabbled in modeling and dreamt of playing pro
soccer, was stabbed to death by robbers while working the graveyard
shift at a gas station, filling in for a colleague as a favor. The
four suspects were repeatedly picked up and released.
1995 Nov 22, Acting swiftly to
boost the Balkan peace accord, the UN Security Council suspended
economic sanctions against Serbia and eased the arms embargo against
the states of the former Yugoslavia.
1995 Nov 23, Free-lance
photographer Charles Rathbun was booked in Hermosa Beach, Calif.,
for investigation of murder in the disappearance of model Linda
Sobek. Rathbun was later convicted of Sobek's murder.
1995 Nov 23, Movie director
Louis Malle died in Beverly Hills, California, at age 63.
1995 Nov 23, Bosnian Serb
leader Radovan Karadzic grudgingly accepted the US-backed peace plan
for the former Yugoslavia after meeting with Serbian President
1995 Nov 23, A wave of violence
in Haiti claimed at least 3 more deaths following President
Jean-Bertrand Aristide's Nov. 7 call for a disarmament campaign.
1995 Nov 24, The American
Visionary Art Museum opened in Baltimore. It was founded by
development consultant Rebecca Hoffberger,43, who succeeded in
raising most of the $7.5 mil for the museum.
1995 Nov 24, Bosnian Serb
leader Radovan Karadzic promised during a televised address to
accept a U-S-brokered peace plan.
1995 Nov 24, Voters in Ireland
narrowly ended a 70-year ban on divorce and approved a
constitutional amendment legalizing divorce and remarriage by
(SFC, 1/18/96, p.A8)(AP, 11/24/00)
1995 Nov 25, In his weekly
radio address, President Clinton appealed to America’s values and
interests as he pleaded for support for the Bosnia peace agreement.
1995 Nov 25, Serbs in the
Bosnian capital Sarajevo took to the streets by the thousands to
protest the peace plan, vowing to fight to the death.
1995 Nov 26, Senior US
officials declared the Dayton treaty on Bosnia was final, rejecting
demands from Bosnian Serbs that provisions relating to the future of
Sarajevo be changed.
1995 Nov 26, Two men set fire
to a subway token booth in Brooklyn, N.Y., fatally burning the clerk
1995 Nov 26, Rebel jets bombed
Kabul, the Afghan capital, killing 35 people and wounding 140
1995 Nov 27, President Clinton
presented his case for sending 20,000 U.S. troops on a peacekeeping
mission to Bosnia, saying in a prime-time address that "in the
choice between peace and war, America must choose peace."
1995 Nov 27, US House Speaker
Newt Gingrich ruled out a 1996 presidential run.
1995 Nov 28, President Clinton
continued to press his case for sending 20,000 US ground troops to
Bosnia. President Clinton signed a $6 billion road bill that ended
the federal 55 mile-an-hour speed limit.
(WSJ, 11/29/95, p.A1)(AP, 11/28/00)
1995 Nov 28, James Brady,
former white house press secretary, suffered a heart attack.
1995 Nov 29, President Clinton
opened a five-day European trip in London, where he met with Prime
Minister John Major and addressed the British Parliament.
1995 Nov 30, President Clinton
became the first US chief executive to visit Northern Ireland, where
he implored Roman Catholics and Protestants alike not to surrender
to the impulses of "old habits and hard grudges."
1995 Nov 30, It was reported
that global warming over the last 100 years was measured to be one
(WSJ, 11/30/95, p.B-12)
1995 Nov 30, Israeli soldiers
fired on hundreds of stone-throwing Palestinians in the West Bank
district of Nablus. In another incident 2 Israeli soldiers were
wounded near the town of Jenin.
(WSJ, 12/1/95, p.A1)
1995 Nov, The US coastguard
posted its Deepwater Mission Analysis Report. This led to a $24
billion upgrade program of its ships and aircraft.
1995 Nov, The 32-story, 356-ft
Landmark Hotel, legendary retreat of billionaire Howard Hughes in
Las Vegas, was blown up by Control Demolition Inc.
(SFC, PM, 4/28/96, p.4)
1995 Nov, It was reported that
about 540,000 people will die of cancer this year in the US.
(WSJ, 11/2/95, p.A12)
1995 Nov, Lebanese guerrillas
of the Hezbollah fired rockets into northern Israel. Israeli
warplanes retaliated by hitting rebel strongholds. Hezbollah or
Party of God is the Iranian-backed political and military group that
is fighting to dislodge Israeli soldiers from southern Lebanon.
(WSJ, 11/29/95, p.A1)(SFC, 4/14/96, p.1)
1995 Nov, Hun Sen, leader of
the communist Cambodian People’s Party, arrested the sec. general of
Funcinpec, Prince Norodom Sirivudh, and tried him for terrorism and
coup plotting. The trial was a transparent mockery of justice.
(WSJ, 5/3/96, p.A10)
1995 Nov, In China Bishop Zeng
Jingmu (75) was arrested and sentenced to 3 years of re-education
for holding unauthorized religious services in a home. His
allegiance to the Vatican had already caused him 23 years in jail
since the 1950s. He was released in 1998, 6 months early, prior to a
visit by Pres. Clinton.
(SFEC, 5/10/98, p.A24)
1995 Nov, The Barcelona
Process, launched by Euro-Mediterranean Foreign Ministers, formed an
innovative alliance based on the principles of joint ownership,
dialogue and co-operation. It brings together the 27 Members of the
European Union and 12 Southern Mediterranean states. Economic
incentives and the strengthening of civil society were used to
1995 Nov, In France weeks of
chaos in the streets and paralysis to the railways began as Pres.
Chirac tried to end the country’s “special regimes" for public
(Econ, 11/17/07, p.57)
1995 Nov, In Mexico a
congressional commission on government corruption was set up.
(SFC, 9/28/96, p.A9)
1995 Nov, In Peru Lori Helene
Berenson, an American, was arrested on charges of aiding MRTA. She
was convicted and sentenced to life in prison. Also arrested was
Nancy Gilvonio, wife of Nestor Cerpa, a Tupac Amaru rebel.
(SFC, 12/20/96, p.B4)(SFC, 5/3/97, p.A8)
1995 Nov, The government of the
Seychelles Islands passed its Economic Development Act which
provided immunity to investors who place $10 million in "approved"
Seychelles investments. Perks include protection against seizure of
assets and in some cases diplomatic passports.
(WSJ, 5/23/96, p.A12)
1995 Nov, In South Africa the
first McDonald’s restaurant opened in Johannesburg.
(WSJ, 10/22/98, p.B21)
1995 Nov, In Tanzania Pres.
Benjamin William Mkapa took office after being elected president for
5 years in the country’s first multiparty vote. Mkapa ruled to 2005.
(WSJ, 12/10/96, p.A1)(SFC, 8/8/98, p.A12)(Econ,
1995 Nov, Zairean Tutsis in
Masis were targeted by authorities, the army and the locals. They
were forced to flee and many were massacred.
(WSJ, 11/15/96, p.A16)
1995 Dec 1, Tens of thousands
of people in Dublin, Ireland, warmly welcomed President Clinton to
his ancestral homeland.
1995 Dec 1, The NATO alliance
chose Spanish Foreign Minister Javier Solana be its new secretary
1995 Dec 2, In Baumholder,
Germany, President Clinton told four-thousand American troops who
were on their way to Bosnia-Herzegovina for peacekeeping duty to
strike "immediately and with decisive force" if threatened.
1995 Dec 2, NASA launched a
US-European observatory on a one billion-dollar mission to study the
sun. The Solar and Heliospheric Observatory, SOHO, later detected
rivers of charged particles flowing over the surface of the sun and
sunquakes. In 2003 a motor failure crippled a high-gain antenna.
(SFC, 9/4/98, p.A3)(AP, 12/2/00)(BS, 6/26/03, 3A)
1995 Dec 2, Robertson Davies,
Canadian writer, died. His book "The Merry Heart: Reflections on
Reading, Writing and the World of Books" was published posthumously
in 1997. His 11 novels included "Fifth Business," "What's Bred in
the Bone," "The Lyre of Orpheus" and “The Cunning Man." Just before
his death he finished a libretto for the opera "The Golden Ass"
based on the Metamorphoses by Apuleius.
(SFEC, 7/6/97, BR p.1)(WSJ, 5/14/99, p.W8)(WSJ,
1995 Dec 3, President Clinton,
wrapping up a five-day European trip, authorized a vanguard of 700
American troops to open a risky mission in Bosnia-Herzegovina.
1995 Dec 3, The US and Europe
signed a trans-Atlantic trade and security accord in Madrid, Spain.
(WSJ, 12/4/95, p.A9)
1995 Dec 3, Former South Korean
president Chun Doo-hwan was arrested for his role in a 1979 coup
that was followed by the most violent crackdown in the nation's
1995 Dec 4, In Texas Diane
Zamora and David Graham, high school sweethearts, killed Adrienne
Jones (16). It was alleged that Jones and Graham had had sex and the
murder was reported as an appeasement to Zamora. Graham went on to
the Air Force Academy at Colorado Springs. The murder remained a
mystery until Zamora confided her story to classmates at the
Annapolis Naval Academy in Sep 1996. Zamora later testified that
Graham shot and killed Jones. Zamora was convicted in Feb, 1998, and
received a life sentence with possible parole after 40 years. Graham
was convicted in July, 1998, and received an automatic life
(SFEC, 2/8/98, p.A6)(SFC, 2/11/98, p.A3)(SFC,
2/18/98, p.A3)(SFC, 7/25/98, p.A3)
1995 Dec 4, In a near-freezing
drizzle, the first NATO troops landed in the Balkans to begin
setting up a peace mission that brought American soldiers into the
middle of the Bosnian conflict.
1995 Dec 5, In the first hint
of movement at the budget talks, White House officials and
Democratic congressional leaders said they were preparing a
seven-year budget-balancing plan.
1995 Dec 5, Stanley Keith
Runcorn (73), a professor in geophysics, was killed by Paul Bradford
Cain (26), a kickboxer, at the Hotel San Diego. Cain was convicted
in 1997 of first-degree murder.
(SFC, 10/3/97, p.A20)
1995 Dec 5, Former South Korean
president Roh Tae-woo, four aides and a dozen top businessmen were
indicted in a bribes-for-favors scandal.
1995 Dec 6, President Clinton
vetoed a seven-year Republican budget-balancing plan.
1995 Dec 6, The US House ethics
committee sent a highly critical letter to House Speaker Newt
Gingrich, saying he had committed three ethics violations.
1995 Dec 6, New York Times
columnist James Reston died in Washington at age 86.
1995 Dec 6, Dmitri Antonovich
Volkogonov (67), ex-Soviet soldier and historian, died. He wrote
biographies of Stalin, Lenin and Trotsky based on archival material
of the Soviet Union. From 1991 until his death he was the head of
the Russian Archive Declassifying Commission.
(www.msu.edu/~daggy/cop/bkofdead/obits-vo.htm)(SFC, 7/7/96, BR p.4)
1995 Dec 7, Under Republican
pressure, President Clinton reluctantly presented a seven-year
balanced-budget plan that was quickly criticized by GOP lawmakers.
1995 Dec 7, Bill Gates
announced Microsoft’s Internet counterattack on Netscape and the
(WSJ, 11/25/98, p.B1)
1995 Dec 7, A 746-pound probe
from the Galileo spacecraft hurtled into Jupiter's atmosphere,
sending back data to the mothership before it was presumably
(WSJ, 1/23/96, p.A1)(AP, 12/7/97)
1995 Dec 7, US paratrooper
James N. Burmeister (21) shot and killed Jackie Burden and Michael
James. He was convicted on Feb 27, 1997 of 1st degree murder and
conspiracy in the hate crime and faced the death penalty. The jury
deadlocked 11 to 1 in favor of death so the judge sentenced him to 2
consecutive life terms in prison. He will have to serve at least 50
years before becoming eligible for parole. Malcolm Wright, a fellow
soldier, was also charged in the murders and convicted on May 2,
(SFC, 2/28/97, p.A24)(SFC, 5/3/97, p.A3)
1995 Dec 7, 5000 Serbs
protested in Serajevo against the US brokered peace accord. They
were opposed to control by the Bosnian-Croat federation.
(WSJ, 12/8/95, p.A1)
1995 Dec 8, In New York, an
arsonist killed seven workers and himself at a Harlem clothing store
that had been the target of a racially charged lease dispute.
1995 Dec 8, Four months after
the death of founder Jerry Garcia, The Grateful Dead announced it
was breaking up after 30 years of making music.
1995 Dec 8, There was an
accident at the Japanese Monju prototype fast-breeder nuclear
reactor in the Fukui Prefecture that forced closure. Two tons of
non-radioactive, but violently reactive liquid sodium leaked from
the cooling system. Japan had 51 nuclear power plants that produced
33.8% of its energy needs.
(WSJ, 12/27/95, p. A7)(SFC, 3/13/97, p.A12)
1995 Dec 9, Rep. Kweisi Mfume
(the Swahili name means conquering son of kings), D-Md., was chosen
to head the NAACP.
(WSJ, 12/11/95, p.A-1)(AP, 12/9/97)
1995 Dec 9, Douglas "Wrong Way"
Corrigan (b.1927), legendary American aviator, died.
1995 Dec 10, The first group of
US Marines arrived in the Bosnian capital of Sarajevo to join NATO
soldiers sent to enforce peace in former Yugoslavia.
1995 Dec 11, Utah Congresswoman
Enid Greene Waldholtz held an emotional news conference in which she
publicly addressed the scandal surrounding her personal and campaign
finances and blamed the mess on her estranged husband, Joe.
1995 Dec 11, The Malden Mills
textile manufacturing plant in Lawrence, Mass., burned down. Owner
Aaron Feuerstein retained all his employees on full pay until the
plant was rebuilt. The plants manufactured Polartec and
Polarfleece synthetic fabrics.
(SFEC, 9/8/96, Par p.4)
1995 Dec 12, By only three
votes, the US Senate killed a constitutional amendment giving
Congress authority to outlaw flag burning and other forms of
desecration against Old Glory.
1995 Dec 12, Willie Brown beat
incumbent mayor Frank Jordon to become the first African-American
mayor of San Francisco. California Assembly Speaker Willie Brown was
elected mayor of San Francisco in a victory over Frank Jordan 57 to
(WSJ, 12/14/95, p.A1)(SFEC, 6/14/98, p.A16) (HN,
1995 Dec 12, Two French airmen
shot down over Bosnia arrived home after nearly four months as
captives of the Bosnian Serbs.
1995 Dec 13, As President
Clinton flew to Paris to attend the signing of the Bosnian peace
accord, Congress gave him partial backing for his Bosnia policy.
1995 Dec 13, Chinese democracy
activist Wei Jingsheng, who had already spent 16 years in prison,
was sentenced to 14 more. In Nov 1997, Beijing granted Wei medical
parole to travel to the United States for treatment.
1995 Dec 13, Four hostages:
Donald Hutchings, Keith Mangan, Paul Wells and Dirk Hasert, who were
seized in July by Kashmir guerillas, who called themselves Al Faran,
were killed. In May ‘96 a Muslim insurgent, who claimed to have been
involved, said the men were killed and buried in the mountains in
Dec. The captured rebel Nasir Mehmood said in a police report that
the hostages were killed Dec 13, 1995 by guerrillas of
Harkat-ul-Ansar. The Al Faran name was coined to confuse Indian
(SFC, 5/27/96, p.A6)(SFC, 12/23/96, p.A12)
1995 Dec 14, Shelley Davis,
historian for the IRS for the last 7 years, resigned in protest of
the way the agency was handling its records. The IRS decided to
eliminate the position of historian.
(WSJ, 12/15/95, p.A1)
1995 Dec 14, Microsoft and NBC
announced a joint venture to create MSNBC, a cable channel and Web
site devoted to breaking news. In 2005 NBC raised its stake to 82%.
1995 Dec 14, AIDS patient Jeff
Getty received the first-ever bone-marrow transplant from a baboon.
The experimental procedure at a San Francisco hospital was
criticized by animal rights activists. The transplant failed, but
1995 Dec 14, A way to
genetically improve resistance to leaf blight in rice plants was
reported found by scientists.
(WSJ, 12/15/95, p.A1)
1995 Dec 14, An agreement for
peace in Bosnia, reached at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base in
Dayton, Ohio, was formally signed. Presidents Alija Izetbegovic of
Bosnia, Slobodan Milosevic of Serbia and Franjo Tudjman of Croatia
signed the Bosnian peace treaty in Paris. The agreement divided
Bosnia into 2 autonomous territories and granted 51% of Bosnia to
the Muslim-Croat federation and 49% to the Serbs (Republika Srpska).
Elections were scheduled and a force of 60,000 Western troops was
planned for deployment. A 3-member presidency and a national
parliament was also part of the plan. The office of High
Representative was created to oversee the implementation of the
civilian aspects of the Peace Agreement.
(SFC, 1/19/98, p.A8)(SFC, 9/22/98, p.A8)(AP,
1995 Dec 14, Heavy fighting
erupts in Gudermes, Chechnya, when rebels disrupted Kremlin-imposed
elections. At least 267 Chechen civilians were reported killed in
the following 10 days.
1995 Dec 15, President Clinton
defied a deadline for turning over a former aide’s Whitewater notes,
prompting a deeply divided Senate investigative committee to vote to
challenge him in federal court. The White House agreed six days
later to turn over the notes.
1995 Dec 15, The US stock
market set a volume record of 636 million shares traded.
(WSJ, 12/18/95, p.A1)
1995 Dec 15, Louis Monier of
Digital Equipment Corp. unveiled the Alta Vista search engine. It
used several hundred “spiders" in parallel to index the web. The
engine was co-invented by Paul Andrew Flaherty (1964-2006) of DEC.
Alta Vista faded with the rise of Google and was acquired by Yahoo
in 2003 as part of a $1.7 billion purchase of Overture Services. In
2013 Yahoo announced the closure of Alta Vista.
(Econ, 9/18/04, TQ p.33)(SFC, 3/24/06, p.B5)(SFC,
1995 Dec 15, French rail
workers voted to end a three-week-old strike.
1995 Dec 16, President Clinton
and congressional Republicans traded accusations as their budget
impasse led to a second shutdown of the federal government.
1995 Dec 17, This year's
British Booker Prize in literature was awarded to Pat Barker for
"The Ghost Road," the third novel of a trilogy (1991-1995) that work
focused on psychologist W.H.R. Rivers and poet Siegfried Sassoon
(1886-1967) set during WW I.
p.A21)(WSJ, 12/18/95, p.A12)
1995 Dec 17 Eritrea used its
warships to try to seize a disputed island in the mouth of the Red
Sea from Yemen. Yemen sent warplanes to counter the attack.
(WSJ, 12/18/95, p.A1)
1995 Dec 17, Angry voters
handed Russian President Boris Yeltsin a stinging rebuff as
Communists and right-wing nationalists scored big wins in
parliamentary elections on a platform of rolling back democratic
1995 Dec 17, Isa Yusuf Alptekin
(b.1901), exiled Uighur head of the Islamic Republic of East
Turkestan (Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of China), died in
1995 Dec 18, The Dow
industrials dropped 101.52 points, its biggest one-day loss in four
years amid investor worries over the budget stalemate between
Congress and President Clinton.
1995 Dec 18, A powerful
fertilizer bomb was found outside an Internal Revenue Service office
in Reno, Nevada, but fizzled before its lit fuse could do much
1995 Dec 18, Queen Elizabeth
asked Prince Charles and Diana to divorce.
1995 Dec 18, A chartered
Zairean plane crashed in northern Angola killing 139  people.
Five people survived. The plane was a Lockheed Electra, an old plane
with a capacity of 99. It was owned by Trans Service Airlift, a
(WSJ, 12/20/95, p.A1)
1995 Dec 19, The Federal
Reserve cut a key interest rate, turning fears to cheers on Wall
Street a day after the biggest one-day stock plunge in four years.
1995 Dec 19, A gunman opened
fire inside a Bronx, New York, shoe store, killing five people.
1995 Dec 19, Yigal Amir, the
confessed assassin of Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, went on
1995 Dec 20, An American
Airlines Boeing 757, Flight 965 jet crashed in Columbia with 164
people on board. Four survivors were reported. It smashed into a
mountain near Cali enroute from Miami. It was later reported that
pilots had entered an incorrect code for the approach to Cali.
4/18/00, p.A5)(WSJ, 11/13/01, p.A14)
1995 Dec 20, Three teenagers
were found shot through the head on a remote logging road in Lane
County, Oregon. One was a 15-year old girl, who was also raped.
Later Jonathon Wayne Susbauer, 22, and Conan Wayne Hale, 20, were
arrested. Authorities taped a confession by Hale while he confessed
to a Roman Catholic priest. Catholic leaders in Portland have
requested that the tape be destroyed.
(SFC, 5/11/96, p.A3)
1995 Dec 20, In
Bosnia-Herzegovina, NATO began its peacekeeping mission, taking over
from the United Nations.
1995 Dec 21, The House approved
sweeping welfare reform which President Clinton said he would veto.
He later signed a revamped version.
1995 Dec 21, A train collision
outside Cairo, Egypt, claimed 75 lives.
1995 Dec 21, The city of
Bethlehem passed from Israeli to Palestinian control.
1995 Dec 22, The Senate
approved a wide-ranging Republican plan to overhaul the nation’s
welfare system, 52-to-47, but without enough votes to override
President Clinton’s promised veto.
1995 Dec 22, The Mt. Zion
Baptist Church in Boligee, Ala., burned down. Arson was suspected
and investigations by the FBI and ATF were later begun.
(SFC, 6/11/96, p.A16)
1995 Dec 22, Actress Butterfly
McQueen, who’d played the scatterbrained slave Prissy in "Gone With
the Wind," died at age 84.
1995 Dec 23, The charred bodies
of 16 members of a doomsday cult, the Order of the Solar Temple,
were found outside Grenoble, France. The same cult lost 53 members
in 1994 in ritual killings in Switzerland and Canada.
(WSJ, 12/26/95, p. A1)(AP, 12/23/00)
1995 Dec 23, A fire killed
540, including 170 children, in Dabwali, India, 125 miles northwest
of New Delhi when a tent ignited during a year-end school party.
(WSJ, 12/26/95, p. A-1)(AP, 12/23/97)
1995 Dec 24, In a Christmas
message to U.S. troops in Bosnia, President Clinton praised their
peace mission to a land exhausted by war.
1995 Dec 24, Fire broke out at
the Philadelphia Zoo, killing 23 rare gorillas, orangutans, gibbons
1995 Dec 24, British playwright
John Osborne ("Look Back in Anger") died at age 65.
1995 Dec 25, The Mt. Moriah
Baptist Church in Hillsborough, N.C., burned down. Arson was
suspected and investigations by the FBI and ATF were later begun.
(SFC, 6/11/96, p.A16)
1995 Dec 25, Dean Martin
(b.1917), singer, comedian, actor, died at age 78 in Beverly Hills,
Ca. In 1998 Brian Gunn published "Rat Pack Confidential: Frank,
Dean, Sammy, Peter, Joey & the Last Great Show Biz Party," a
biography of Frank Sinatra, Dean Martin, Sammy Davis Jr., Peter
Lawford and Joey Bishop.
(WSJ, 12/26/95, p. A1)(AP, 12/25/97)(SFC,
5/16/98, p.A1)(SFEC, 7/5/98, BR p.5)
1995 Dec 25, An ailing Pope
John Paul the Second cut short his traditional Christmas greetings,
telling crowds he was fighting to regain his health.
1995 Dec 25, In South Africa
supporters of the Zulu nationalist Inkatha Freedom Party carried out
a Christmas massacre where 18 supporters of the African National
Congress (ANC) were killed in the KwaZulu-Natal province. 600
members of Inkatha, a Zulu nationalist group, were responsible. In
1998 5 of the 13 men convicted in the massacre were freed from
(WSJ, 12/26/95, p. A-1)(SFC, 12/23/98, p.C2)
1995 Dec 26, Israel turned
dozens of West Bank villages over to the Palestinian Authority in a
smooth transfer of power.
1995 Dec 26, Floods in eastern
South Africa killed at least 130.
(WSJ, 12/27/95, p. A1)
1995 Dec 26, Heavy snow covered
much of Northern Europe and Japan.
(WSJ, 12/27/95, p. A1)
1995 Dec 27, France set off a
fifth nuclear bomb at a South Pacific Atoll.
(WSJ, 12/28/95, p. A1)
1995 Dec 27, Israeli jeeps sped
out of the West Bank town of Ramallah, capping a seven-week pullout
giving Yasser Arafat control over 90 percent of the West Bank's 1
million Palestinian residents and one-third of its land.
1995 Dec 28, President Clinton
vetoed a $265 billion defense bill, saying it would waste money on
an unneeded missile defense system. Congress failed to override the
1995 Dec 28, CompuServe obeyed
a German order to suspend member access to 200 Internet newsgroups
1995 Dec 29, Japan’s finance
minister (Masayoshi Takemura) announced the resignation of the
deputy finance minister (Kyosuke Shinozawa) over several scandals,
including the ministry’s cover-up of trading losses at Daiwa Bank’s
New York office.
1995 Dec 30, A US military
policeman, Martin John Begosh, became the first American injured in
NATO’s fledgling Bosnia peace mission when his Humvee hit an
1995 Dec 30, The Salem Baptist
Church in Gibson Co., Tenn., burned down. Arson was suspected and
investigations by the FBI and ATF were later begun.
(SFC, 6/11/96, p.A16)
1995 Dec 30, In China’s Inner
Mongolia over 200 people demonstrated at the bookstore of Hada,
founder of the Southern Mongolia Democratic Alliance. Hada was
jailed in 1996 on charges of separatism and spying and sentenced to
15 years in jail.
(SFC, 12/14/10, p.A2)
1995 Dec 31, Pres. Clinton and
Monica Lewinsky engaged in their 3rd sexual encounter. By this time
Lewinsky was a member of the staff of the Office of legislative
(SFC, 9/12/98, p.A12)
1995 Dec 31, The first US tanks
crossed a pontoon bridge over the Sava River from Croatia to Bosnia
to start the deployment of 20,000 US troops under IFOR, the
Implementation Force under NATO command.
(WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A14)
1995 Dec 31, Cartoonist Bill
Watterson ended his "Calvin & Hobbes" comic strip.
1995 Dec 31, Bosnian government
officials and Bosnian Serb leaders signed a UN-brokered cease-fire
1995 Dec 31, Russian ground
forces launched a ferocious assault on the Chechen capital of
1995 Dec, The US announced that
it would withdraw from the UN Industrial Development Organization
(UNIDO) by Jan 1, 1997.
(SFC, 2/17/96, p.A14)
1995 Dec, Newt Gingrich was
named "Man of the year" by Time Magazine.
(SFC, 11/7/98, p.A4)
1995 Dec, Digg, an
Internet-based provider of content submitted by users, went live.
Kevin Rose and Jay Adelson founded Digg.com, a web-based news site
using collaborative editing to focus on news in technology.
(SFC, 6/23/06, p.D5)(WSJ, 2/10/07, p.P4)
1995 Dec, In San Francisco the
Coconut Grove nightclub under Sam Conti (1944-2009) filed for
Chapter 11 bankruptcy. Conti had opened the Van Ness street club
earlier this year and retained control until the summer of 1966. The
club closed in 1998. In the 1970s Conti had run a string of 5 night
clubs in North Beach that included “encounter parlors" for tourists.
(SFC, 9/3/96, p.D1,4)(SFC, 11/11/09, p.C4)
1995 Dec, A wave of strikes
lasted weeks as the French government struggled to establish cuts to
rein in its $65.5 bil. deficit. Led by the railroad workers, the
strikes bring transport to a halt. France was attempting to
restructure its finances in time to meet the deadline for European
monetary union in 1999.
(WSJ, 11/30/95, p.A-12)(Econ, 9/22/07, p.63)
1995 Dec, France’s PM Alain
Juppe backed down from a bid to force public sectors workers to work
40 years instead of 37.5 for full pension benefits. Cost cutting
plans for the state railway are also set aside for re-negotiation.
(WSJ, 12/18/95, p.A-10)
1995 Dec, India began a
broad-based vaccination program against polio.
(SFEC, 1/26/97, p.A14)
1995 Dec, In Russia the 450
seats of the Duma were divided into two parts: party and single
seats. On the party side the Communist won 21.5% of the seats.
Alexander Lebed was elected to the State Duma.
(WSJ, 12/20/95, p.A1)(SFC, 10/18/96, A18)
1995 Dec, In Singapore Nick
Leeson, responsible for the fall of Barings PLC, pleaded guilty to
fraud and was sentenced to 6 ½ years in prison. He was released in
(WSJ, 7/2/99, p.A10)
1995 Dec, Prime Minister Tansu
Ciller, head of the True Path Party, quit after the Welfare Party,
which pledged to impose Islamic principles, drew the largest number
of votes in parliamentary elections (21%). The leader of the Welfare
Party was Necmettin Erbakan. The Motherland leader was Mesut
(WSJ, 12/26/95, p. A-1)(WSJ, 12/27/95, p.
A-1)(WSJ, 4/16/99, p.A12)
1995 Dec, Turkey grappled with
an 11-year old Kurdish insurgency under President was Suleyman
(WSJ, 12/27/95, p. A-1)
1995 Dec, In the United Arab
Emirates a Lebanese Christian man was flogged and imprisoned for
marrying a Muslim citizen studying in the US. The couple had married
(SFEC, 12/1/96, p.T9)
1995 Lucian Freud created his
painting “Benefits Supervisor Sleeping." In 2008 it was auctioned
for $33.6 million, making him the most expensive living artist.
(WSJ, 5/17/08, p.W2)
1995 Younhee Paik, Korean
artist, painted her oil on canvas "Mercy on US—Fullmoon."
(SFEM, 1/12/97, DB p.19)
1995 Ann Harold Taylor began
her painting "How to Save Your Own Life." The work was completed in
(SFC, 4/1/00, p.B1)
1995 A group of 7 Swiss artists
registered the domain name of Etoy.com with Network Solutions. In
1999 the toy company EToys.com sued the artists and forced them to
shut their web site down. In 2003 Adam Wishart and Regula Bochsler
authored: "Leaving Reality Behind: "Etoy vs. eToys.com & Other
Battles to Control Cyberspace."
(SSFC, 2/2/03, p.AM3)
1995 Amy Clampitt (1920-1994),
American poet, had her last book of poetry published post-mortem: "A
(WSJ, 11/7/97, p.A17)
1995 Horton Foote’s play, "The
Young Man From Atlanta," won the Pulitzer Prize.
(WSJ, 4/4/97, p.A7)
1995 Scott Adams, cartoonist,
wrote an essay for the WSJ that was later expanded to the best
selling book "The Dilbert Principle," which stated that the most
ineffective workers are systematically moved to the place where they
can do the least amount of damage.
(WSJ, 1/25/99, p.A16)
1995 Martin Amis authored his
novel "The Information."
(WSJ, 10/23/98, p.W12)
1995 Sarah Paige Baty (d.1997
at 36) wrote "American Monroe: The Making of a Body Politic." It was
a study of how mass media rendered the image of Marilyn Monroe." She
also wrote the book: "Representative Women: Unsettling Portraits of
Still Lives." In this work she explored the lives of 5 prominent
19th century women: Margaret Fuller, Ellen Craft, Louisa May Alcott,
Clover Adams and Lydia Maria Child.
(SFC, 7/23/97, p.A20)
1995 Dr. Dennis R. Benjamin
wrote "Mushrooms: Poisons and Panaceas, A Handbook for Naturalists,
Mycologists and Physicians."
(WSJ, 10/31/96, p.A21)
1995 C. Loring Brace published
the 5th edition of his book: "The Stages of Human Evolution."
(NH, 9/97, p.6)
1995 Thomas Cahill,
Irish-American writer, authored “How the Irish Saved Civilization."
(Econ, 12/18/10, p.149)
1995 Thomas Childers authored
"The Wings of Morning," stories of WW II airmen flying bombers.
Parts were later copied by Stephen E. Ambrose for his 2001 best
seller "The Wild Blue."
(SSFC, 1/6/02, p.A2)
1995 Oz Clarke, British wine
writer, published his 1st "Wine Atlas."
(SFC, 1/2/03, p.D5)
1995 David Cordingly authored
“Under the Black Flag: The Romance & the Reality of Life Among
the Pirates. " a modern perspective on piracy.
1995 Silas Roy Crain
(1911-1996) wrote "You Send Me: The Life and Times of Sam Cooke." It
won the Ralph J. Gleason award as best music book of the year.
(SFC, 9/19/96, p.A17)
1995 Tia DeNora authored
"Beethoven and the Construction of Genius."
(WSJ, 1/17/02, p.A12)
1995 Estelle Ellis wrote "At
Home with Books," a look at the home libraries of contemporary
(Hem, 4/96, p.105)
1995 Raphael Ezekiel authored
“The Racist Mind: Portraits of American Neo-Nazis and Klansmen," a
pioneering field based study of the lives and thinking of national
leaders and ordinary members of neo-Nazi and Klan groups.
(MT, summer 2003,
1995 Jacques Foccart
(1913-1997), architect of French policy in Africa, published
"Foccart Speaks," a book on French policymaking in Africa under
Charles de Gaulle.
(SFC, 3/20/97, p.A24)
1995 Monica Furlong (d.2003 at
72), Christian writer and feminist, authored her autobiography:
"Bird of Paradise."
(SFC, 2/3/03, p.B4)
1995 Bill Gates, head of
Microsoft Corp., authored “The Road Ahead."
(Econ, 6/28/08, p.78)
1995 Michael Gordon and Bernard
Trainor published "The General's War: The Inside Story of the
Conflict in the Gulf."
(SFC, 5/4/99, p.D1)
1995 John Gray published "Men
Are From Mars, Women Are From Venus," the highest selling
nonfiction, hardback of the year (2.19 mil copies).
(WSJ, 5/24/99, p.R21)
1995 John Grisham published
"The Rainmaker," the highest selling fiction, hardback of the year
(2.3 mil copies).
(WSJ, 5/24/99, p.R21)
1995 Jonathan Harr published "A
Civil Action." He sold the film rights to Robert Redford for $1.25
million. The film was released in 1998.
(SFEC, 1/17/99, DB p.49)
1995 Nick Hornby (b.1957),
British writer, authored his novel “High Fidelity," about the
fiercely snobby people who sold music. It adapted into a feature
film in 2000 and a Broadway musical in 2006. In 2003, the novel was
listed on the BBC's survey The Big Read.
1995 Will Hutton authored “The
State We’re In," his analysis of British capitalism.
(Econ, 1/15/05, p.63)
1995 The book “A Passion for
Success," by Kazuo Inamori, founder of the Japanese technology group
Kyocera, was published in English.
1995 Kevin Jackson authored his
"Oxford Book of Money."
(WSJ, 10/9/98, p.W13)
1995 Abu-Jamal, in a
Pennsylvania jail for a 1981 murder conviction, published "Live from
(SFC, 1/22/99, p.A2)
1995 Ryszard Kapyscinski
(b.1932), Polish journalist, authored “Imperium," a book about the
crumbling Soviet empire.
(Econ, 6/26/10, p.60)
1995 Lawrence Krauss wrote "The
Physics of Star Trek."
(NH, 6/96, p.9)
1995 David Kynaston (b.1951),
British historian, authored volume one of his 4-volume work “The
City of London: A World of Its Own, 1815–90." Volume 4 came out in
2002. In 2011 it became available in a shortened single volume.
1995 Tim LaHaye and Jerry
Jenkins authored the 1st volume of the "Left Behind" series. The 12
and final volume, “Glorious appearing: The End of Days," was
published in 2004. [see 1998]
(Econ, 4/17/04, p.31)
1995 Frederick P. Lenz (d.1998
at 48), a self-styled spiritual and computer guru, published his
novel "Surfing the Himalayas," about a snowboarder who hooks up with
an Eastern sage. He wrote "Snowboarding to Nirvana" in 1996.
(SFC, 4/15/98, p.A14)
1995 Hal Lindsey wrote "The
Final Battle," a popular apocalyptic book among fundamentalist
(SFC, 1/6/97, p.A4)
1995 Seymour Martin Lipset
authored "American Exceptionalism," in which he outlined some of the
laws and social features unique to America.
(Econ, 11/8/03, p.6S)
1995 Shirley MacLaine wrote "My
(SFC, 11/20/96, p.E3)
1995 Nelson Mandela published
his autobiography "Long Walk to Freedom." In 1998 British journalist
Martin Meredith published a biography titled "Nelson Mandela."
(SFEC, 3/1/98, BR p.3)
1995 David Maraniss published
his biography of Bill Clinton: "First in His Class."
(WSJ, 5/17/99, p.A24)
1995 Gregory McGuire authored
his novel “Wicked," a prequel to the classic “Wizard of Oz." A
Broadway show based on the novel opened in October, 2003.
(WSJ, 10/22/05, p.A4)
1995 Larry McMurtry published
his novel "Dead Man’s Walk," a prequel to his 1985 "Lonesome Dove."
In 1997 he published "Comanche Moon," the third in the series that
covered the middle years.
(SFEC,10/26/97, BR p.5)
1995 Robert McNamara published
"In Retrospect," his memoir of the Vietnam era as Sec. of Defense. A
counter view was written in 1996 by Paul Hendrickson "The Living and
the Dead: Robert McNamara and Five Lives of a Lost War."
(SFEC, 9/22/96, BR p.4)
1995 James Michener wrote
"Miracle in Seville."
1995 Barry Minkin published his
"Future In Sight," a book that details the 100 trends that will most
impact business and the world economy beyond the year 2000.
(Hem., Nov. '95, p.47)
1995 Iris Murdoch published
"Jackson's Dilemma." It was her last novel.
(SFC, 2/9/99, p.A20)
1995 Haskell Norman (1915-1996)
authored "One Hundred Books Famous in Medicine."
(SFC, 12/20/96, p.B6)
1995 Richard Powers published
his novel "Galatea 2.2," about artificial intelligence.
(WSJ, 7/1/98, p.A1)
1995 Feminist poet Adrienne
Rich published "Dark Fields of the Republic."
(SFC, 7/10/97, p.A10)
1995 The Rizzoli book "The Blue
Note Years" was published.
(WSJ, 10/3/97, p.A8)
1995 "What’s Love Got To Do
with It: The Evolution of Human Mating" by Meredith F. Small was
(NH, 8/96, p.8)
1995 Carl Sagan (1934-1996)
wrote "A Pale Blue Dot: A Vision of the Human Future in
(SFC, 12/21/96, p.A1)
1995 Stephen Schneck won the
Int’l. Formentor Prize for his novel "The Night Clerk." It was about
a 600-pound hotel clerk.
(SFC, 12/11/96, p.A24)
1995 Margaret Thaler Singer,
cult psychologist, authored "Cults in Our Midst."
(SSCM, 5/26/02, p.25)
1995 Dava Sobel authored
"Longitude: The True Story of a Lone Genius Who Solved the Greatest
Scientific Problem of His Time."
(SFEC, 11/28/99, BR p.5)
1995 Alan Sokal published a
paper titled "Transgressing the Boundaries: Towards a Transformative
Hermeneutics of Quantum Gravity." It was a lampoon on serious
scholarship but was published as a serious work. This prompted Sokal
to team with Jean Bricmont in France and publish "Intellectual
Imposters." An English version was published in 1998 as "Fashionable
Nonsense: Postmodern Intellectuals' Abuse of Science."
(SFEC, 12/27/98, BR p.1,8)
1995 Alexander Solzhenitsyn,
Russian novelist and author of "The Gulag Archipelago," published
two new books: a volume of memoirs: "Invisible Allies" and a
collection of secret documents from the Kremlin archives: "The
(WSJ, 12/14/95, p.A12)
1995 Maurice Stans, an aide and
fund-raiser for former Pres. Nixon, published his autobiography "One
of the President’s Men."
(SFC, 4/15/98, p.C3)
1995 Randall Terry, founder of
the anti-abortion group "Operation Rescue," authored "The Judgement
(SFC, 2/21/00, p.A8)
1995 R. Lockwood Tower (d.1998
at 89) published "Lee’s Adjutant," the 2nd volume of the edited
diaries of confederate generals Arthur Manigault and Walter Taylor,
adjutant to Robert E. Lee.
(SFC, 1/10/98, p.A19)
1995 Frederick Turner published
his book: "The Culture of Hope: A New Birth of the Classical
Spirit." He discusses the current standoff between the
"values-driven right and the freedom-espousing left." He proclaims
that both sides are, at root, vested in a set of "metaphysical and
philosophical assumptions, inherited from the nineteenth century."
He uses the findings of contemporary chaos science to find what he
calls a "radical center." e.g. "The discovery of strange attractors,
that emerge to pull seemingly chaotic, or random, events into new
kinds of order."
(Civil., Jul-Aug., '95, p.84)
1995 Richard Turner and Robert
Scaife edited "Bog Bodies: New Discoveries and New Perspectives."
(AM, 7/97, p.67)
1995 Dorothy West (d.1998 at
91), a member of the Harlem Renaissance, published her 2nd novel:
(SFC, 8/19/98, p.C4)
1995 Edward O. Wilson published
his memoir: "Naturalist."
(WSJ, 3/30/98, p.A16)
1995 Neil Simon wrote his play
"London "Suite." It used the same format as his earlier plays "Plaza
Suite" and "California Suite."
(SFEC, 8/31/97, DB p.9)
1995 The Chieftains of Ireland
released their album "The Long Black Veil."
(WSJ, 3/17/98, p.A16)
1995 Thomas Ades composed his
opera "Powder her Face," a tabloid opera about a randy duchess of
(WSJ, 6/21/00, p.A24)
1995 The Violin Concerto No. 2
by Polish composer Krzysztof Penderecki was written for the German
violinist Anne-Sophie Mutter and premiered in Leipzig with the
Central German Radio orchestra.
(SFC, 11/9/96, p.E1)
1995 The Rock and Roll Hall of
Fame opened in Cleveland.
1995 Ira Glass revitalized
radio storytelling with “This American Life," a show on Chicago
Public Radio KBEZ featuring stories of ordinary people facing
moments of truth.
(SFC, 3/21/07, p.E1)
1995 In New Mexico the Taos
Talking Pictures Festival began.
(WSJ, 4/7/98, p.A16)
1995 Pope John Paul II put
forth his encyclical "Evangelium Vitae," on the culture of life and
threats to human dignity. Also "Ut Unum Sint," on the unity of the
Church and the unity of the world.
(WSJ, 10/16/98, p.W13)
1995 The Vatican dismissed
bishop Jacques Gaillot of Paris for preaching liberal views on
homosexuality, priest celibacy and other touchy issues.
(SFC, 9/5/96, p.A9)
1995 The Slamdance Film
Festival was founded by Peter Baxter as an alternative to the
Sundance Film Festival in Park City, Utah.
(SFC, 2/1/99, p.E1)(www.slamdance.com/)
1995 Joseph Bower and Clayton
Christensen, researchers at Harvard Business School, invented the
new term “disruptive technology" to describe innovations that
improve a product or service in ways that the market does not
expect, typically by being lower priced or designed for a different
set of consumers.
1995 Lars Von Trier, a Danish
film director, launched the Dogma 95 concept of minimalist rules to
return the focus of filmmaking to story and plot. The rules forbade
sound editing and any equipment beyond handheld cameras.
(SFC, 8/10/02, p.D4)
1995 The American Society of
Botanical Artists was founded.
(WSJ, 10/5/99, p.A24)
1995 The first Electronic
Entertainment Expo for the computer and video game industry was
(SFC, 6/18/97, p.B1)
1995 Lewis H. Gann (1925-1997),
historian, was awarded the Officer’s Cross of the Order of Merit of
the German Federal Republic. He retired from the Hoover Institute of
Stanford where he had served for over 30 years.
(SFC, 1/25/97, p.A19)
1995 Dennis Fong, aka Thresh,
won the Judgement Day tournament [for cyber games] hosted by
Microsoft Corp. at its Redmond, Wa. headquarters.
(WSJ, 8/26/96, p.A1)
1995 William Perry, US Sec. of
Defense, created the Eugene Fubini Award to be given for significant
contribution to the Defense Dept. The first award was given to
Eugene G. Fubini (d.1997), physicist and former assistant defense
(SFC, 8/9/97, p.A19)
1995 American Heritage Girls
was founded in Cincinnati, Ohio, as a Christian alternative to the
Girl Scouts. By 2004 there were some 2,800 members in 22 states.
(USAT, 3/23/04, p.9D)
1995 Alicia Robb founded the
Foundation for Sustainable Development.
(SFC, 2/09/04, p.A13)
1995 Len Kretchman and David
Geske of Fargo, ND, developed the Uncrustable sandwich, a peanut
butter and jelly sandwich sealed in a pocket of bread. Smucker Corp.
bought their company and received a patent for the sandwich in Dec,
(WSJ, 4/5/05, p.B1)
1995 The ESPN cable network
founded the X Games, an Olympic-style event of outrageous and
(SFC, 9/10/98, p.A1)
1995 The US government Witness
Security Program grew to $53 million.
(SFC, 6/9/96, p.A10)
1995 Pres. Clinton deregulated
the export of computers.
(SFC, 6/10/97, p.A10)
1995 The US began releasing the
1945 coded Venona cables in 1995. They implicated 349 US citizens
and residents as Soviet helpers. In 1999 John Earl Haynes and Harvey
Klehr published "Venona: Decoding Soviet Espionage in America" the
story of the Soviet infiltration of Washington. In 2000 Herbert
Romerstein and the late Eric Breindel published "The Venona
(SFC, 11/21/96, p.A27)(WSJ, 6/24/99, p.A20)(WSJ,
1995 The new US Republican
Congress halted door-to-door delivery of buckets of ice to 891 House
(SFC, 7/4/98, p.C3)
1995 A US Appeals court
validated a broader FCC indecency ban, but limited it to between 6
a.m. and 10 p.m.
(WSJ, 3/24/04, p.A4)
1995 A US Female Genital
Mutilation Act was made federal law.
(SFC, 1/10/04, p.A3)
1995 The US Private Securities
Litigation Reform Act of 1995 was meant to curb frivolous
class-action suits in securities law. It forced class-action lawyers
to raise their game and settlements from 1997 to 2004 rose from $145
million to $5.5 billion.
(Econ, 8/13/05, p.61)
1995 The US Solomon Amendment
to the National Defense Authorization Act of this year included
financial aid to schools to be dependent on compliance with a law
requiring military recruitment on campus.
(SFC, 8/15/97, p.A25)
1995 US lawmakers passed a
royalty relief bill to spur production in the Gulf of Mexico as oil
costs averaged $18.43 per barrel.
(SFC, 2/15/06, p.C3)
1995 The $60 million Supermax
prison, formally called Administrative Maximum, was built in
(SSFC, 5/14/06, p.A3)
1995 The Fitzsimmons Army
Medical Center in Denver, Colo., was closed under recommendation by
the Pentagon’s Base Realignment and Closure Committee (BRAC).
(Econ, 5/21/05, p.34)
1995 The Fort McClellan Army
base in Louisiana was closed.
(SFC, 9/15/02, p.A5)
1995 Laurent Pope, former US
ambassador to Chad, admitted that half of the $300 million in
assistance provided by the US (Agency for Int’l. Development) since
1982 was wasted.
(WSJ, 1/2/98, p.8)
1995 FBI agent Halbert Gary
Harlow, who was assigned to do background checks at the White House
from 1994-1995, was convicted of falsifying at least 50 interviews
that he claimed to have conducted.
(WP, 6/29/96, p.A14)
1995 The FBI captured Russian
mob boss Vyacheslav Ivankov in NYC.
(SFEC, 8/3/97, BR p.1)
1995 Mike Tyson, boxer, was
released from the Indiana Youth Center after serving 3 years of a 10
(SFC, 2/6/99, p.A13)
1995 Cardiologist Bernardo
Nadal-Ginard was convicted in Massachusetts of embezzling from the
Boston Children’s Heart Foundation charity.
(WSJ, 5/2/97, p.C14)
1995 The UC Monterey Bay Campus
at the former Fort Ord Army base opened.
(SFC, 10/7/97, p.A10)
1995 A Calif. Dept. of Justice
report cited the Wah Ching as the largest criminal group in the Los
Angeles area with over 1,800 members.
(SFC, 4/27/98, p.A20)
1995 A California state law
allowed police to seize cars for up to 30 days if the driver has a
suspended license or no license at all. In 2007 a state appeals
court ruled the law to be constitutional.
(SFC, 1/12/07, p.B2)
1995 A California state law
made an independent, non-profit foundation responsible for the
operations of the new state museum in Sacramento to open in 1998.
(WSJ, 6/11/97, p.CA3)
1995 California handed over the
Kern Water Bank to the Kern County Water Agency in exchange for
water rights to 45,000 acre-feet. The system had been developed as a
key surplus reservoir by the state in the late 1980s at a cost of
some $75 million. In 2010 a group filed suit to return the water
bank to the state.
(SFC, 7/1/10, p.C2)
1995 Robert Silveria, was
arrested in Auburn by a railroad police officer. He was suspected of
being the “Boxcar Killer" responsible for murders in California and
6 other states. In 1998 he pleaded guilty to the 1995 first-degree
murder of Charles Randall Boyd at a Kansas state park and was
sentenced in Kansas to life in prison.
(SFC, 5/21/98, p.A6)
1995 Fire on Inverness Ridge in
Marin Ct. destroyed 20 homes and burned 13,000 acres.
1995 Mississippi voted to
ratify the 13th amendment back, nearly 20 years after Kentucky, the
second-to-last state to ratify the amendment, held its vote.
However, through an apparent clerical error, Mississippi never
officially notified the United States Archivist of the ratification,
meaning that they've officially been on the side of slavery for a
century-and-a-half. In February, 2013, Mississippi finally sent in
the paperwork to complete its belated ratification of the Thirteen
1995 Mississippi passed a
"truth-in-sentencing" law that required all felons to serve 85% of
(WSJ, 9/6/01, p.A8)
1995 In New Jersey the Newark
school system was taken over by the state.
(Econ, 8/18/07, p.27)
1995 Texas passed the "veggie
libel" law that protected perishable food products from false and
(SFC, 1/21/98, p.A3)
1995 The casino proposal by the
Red Cliff Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians of Wisconsin was
rejected by the Interior Dept.
1995 Jonathan Blattmachr and
Michael D. Brown devised a technique that used high price life
insurance policies to avoid high income, gift and estate taxes.
(SSFC, 7/28/02, p.A3)
1995 Richard A. Grasso became
chairman of the NYSE. He ran the exchange to 2003.
(WSJ, 4/14/07, p.A6)
1995 Anheuser-Busch Cos. bought
the largest brewer in central China and began selling Budweiser in
major Chinese cities.
(WSJ, 6/13/96, p.A1)
1995 The Burlington Northern
and the Santa Fe Railroad companies merged.
(WSJ, 6/18/96, p.A17)
1995 Daiwa Bank was expelled
from the US after it was learned that it tried to cover-up illicit
trades by bond trader Toshihide Iguchi who lost some $1.1 billion
between 1984-1995. Mr. Iguchi was later sentenced to 4 years in
prison and fined nearly $2.6 million.
(WSJ, 1/8/97, p.A14)
1995 Knight Capital, an
American equity broker, was founded.
(Econ, 8/11/12, p.65)
1995 William Kristol, son of
Irving Kristol, started the Weekly Standard, a conservative
Washington DC political magazine, with funds put up by Rupert
Murdoch. Irving had helped shape neo-conservatism through such
magazines as the Public Interest and the National Interest.
1995 The easyJet Airline was
founded in England by Stelios Haji-Ioannou, son of a Greek shipping
magnate. In 1999 Ioannou founded EasyEverything, a cyber café
venture in London.
(WSJ, 9/24/99, p.B1)
1995 Esstar Corp., sold
Milwaukee Electric Tool to Sweden’s Atlas Copco and changed its name
to Essex Industries. In Dec., Essex agreed to be acquired by Assa
Abloy, a Swedish lock maker. It had begun in 1891 as American Sugar
(WSJ, 5/28/96, p. R-45)
1995 Harrah's opened a New
Orleans riverfront casino with developer Christopher B. Hemmeter
(d.2003). It closed in bankruptcy after 6-months.
(SSFC, 11/30/03, p.A29)
1995 Hearst Corp. acquired the
operating assets of the Houston Post newspaper and consolidated them
into the Houston Chronicle. Hearst also began HomeArts.com, a
lifestyle network for women on the WWW.
(SFC, 8/7/99, p.A9)
1995 The first Internet
gambling casino opened, but games could only be played for fun. The
first real money Internet casino opened in 1996.
(SFC, 7/2/07, p.C1)
1995 The 130 year-old firm of
Kidder, Peabody & Co. sold its assets to the Paine Weber Group
after Joseph Jett, its chief government bond trader, was accused of
generating and hiding losses of $100 million instead of profits of
$350 million. In 1999 Jett and Sabra Chartrand authored "Black and
White on Wall Street: The Untold Story of the Man Wrongly Accused of
Bringing Down Kidder Peabody."
(Hem., 7/95, p.48)(SFEC, 5/9/99, BR p.9)
1995 Noah Alper, founder of
Noah’s Bagels, sold his chain of 38 stores to Einstein Bagel Bros.
for $100 million. Alper had opened his first store in Berkeley, Ca.
1995 PepsiCo Inc. bought out
its Thailand partner, took over a production plant and hired 1500
farmers to grow potatoes according to company spec.
(WSJ, 6/13/96, p.A1)
1995 Upjohn Co. of Kalamazoo
merged with Pharmacia AB of Sweden to form Pharmacia & Upjohn.
Fred Hassan was called in to lead the new company.
(WSJ, 2/2/99, p.B1)
1995 BMW started building cars
in the US.
(WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)
1995 Chrysler shareholder Kirk
Kerkorian made an unsuccessful bid to buy Chrysler for $21 billion.
(WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)
1995 Toyota announced plans for
a truck plant in the US.
(WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)
1995 Theodor ‘Ted’ Nelson came
up with the concept of hypertext, the system that allows users to
click between related documents and pictures on the World Wide Web.
(WSJ, 4/24/96, A1)
1995 IBM Corp. acquired Lotus
Notes for $3.52 billion. The notes software was invented by Raymond
Ozzie who in 1997 left IBM to form Rhythmix Corp.
(WSJ, 10/1/97, p.B5)
1995 Intel Corp. introduced
the Pentium Pro microprocessor. It had 5.1 million transistors.
Later the Pentium II was introduced with 7.5 million transistors and
a speed of 300-megahertz.
(TAR, 1996, p.28)(WSJ, 10/10/97, p.B1)
1995 The Knowledge Universe
company, a conglomerate of educational companies, was founded in
Menlo Park with some $750 million from investment banker Michael
Milken, his brother Lowell and Larry Ellison of Oracle Corp.
(SSFC, 8/5/01, p.E1)
1995 Pierre Omidyar founded
eBay as a site for auctioning items. Originally called Auction Web
it also helped his fiancée trade her Pez dispensers. In 2002 Adam
Cohen authored "The Perfect Store," a chronicle of the rise of eBay.
(WSJ, 6/25/02, p.D9)(Econ, 6/11/05, p.66)
1995 Michael Wood of Orinda
founded Leapfrog Enterprises. In 1997 it came under the wing of
(SSFC, 8/5/01, p.E1)
1995 Novartis Corp. purchased a
major take in Chiron Corp. In 2005 The Swiss firm paid $5.1 billion
for a complete merger with Chiron.
(SFC, 11/1/05, p.D1)
1995 Fast Ethernet technology
was developed to send data at 100 million bits per second.
(SFC, 2/18/96, p.B1)
1995 The US military Global
Positioning System (GPS) became fully operational with 27 orbiting
satellites and dual civilian use. It was conceived in the 1960s.
(WSJ, 3/24/03, p.B1)
1995 NASA launched the Rossi
X-Ray satellite to study energetic X-ray light coming from the
center of collapsed stars.
1995 The 47 Ursae Majoris
system with possible planets was discovered by Marcy and Butler.
(SSFC, 9/30/01, Par p.5)
1995 Genentech began Phase III
clinical trials for Herceptin to fight breast cancer. Doctors Dennis
Slamon and Alex Unrich worked with the HER-2/neu gene and protein
that triggered breast cancer and developed an antibody against it.
The drug was approved by the FDA in 1998.
(SFEC, 1/17/99, BR p.5)
1995 Dr. Paul Dowd (1936-1996)
suggested that Vitamin E, a potent antioxidant, can help keep
cholesterol from clogging arteries.
(SFEC, 12/1/96, p.C14)
1995 Jeffrey Friedman of
Rockefeller Univ. and others announced the discovery of leptin, a
protein produced by fat cells, that signal the brain to reduce
(SFC, 6/30/00, p.A3)
1995 The American Pain Society
urged that pain be treated as a 5th vital sign. In 1999 American VA
hospitals began a system wide notation for pain.
(SFC, 2/1/99, p.A2)
1995 Prof. Pamela Ronald and
colleagues isolated the blight-resistance gene from a variety of
wild rice cultivated in Mali. The blight was caused by the
Xanthomonas orizae bacterium. She pushed for a got a percentage of
the royalty rights to be used for fellowships for scientists from
(SFC, 5/26/97, p.A16)
1995 Protease inhibitors, a
cocktail drug therapy for AIDS, were first introduced. AIDS became
the leading cause of death among Americans aged 25-44. Hoffman-La
Roche, a Swiss drug firm, launched the first protease inhibitor.
(SSFC, 6/3/01, p.A21)(Econ, 6/2/12, p.80)
1995 The FDA approved Riluzole,
the 1st drug for use in treating amyotrophic lateral schlerosis
(ALS), also known as Lou Gehrig’s disease.
(SSFC, 9/2/01, Par p.5)
1995 Metacrawler search engine
technology was developed.
(SFC, 2/2/08, p.C1)
1995 The first quantum
computations, using the quantum effects of physics, were done in a
(Econ, 2/25/12, p.91)
1995 James Kennedy (b.1950),
American social psychologist, and Russell C. Eberhart presented the
first papers on particle swarm optimization (PSO). Since then more
than a thousand papers have been published on particle swarms.
1995 Sara Horowitz formed
Working Today, a non-profit organization to address the needs of
freelance workers. In 2001 the group, renamed the Freelancers Union
in 2003, launched the Portable Benefits Network to provide member
benefits that included education, advocacy and health care.
(Econ, 11/11/06, p.76)
1995 In this year 30 chiefs
from big [US] companies were paid 212 times more than the average
American employee. In 1965 the multiple was 44.
(WSJ, 5/13/96, p.B-1)
1995 The US population was 263
(SFC, 3/27/97, p.A4)
1995 The US Justice Dept. said
the inmate population rose to 1.6 million. At the end of 1995 one of
every 167 Americans was in prison or jail.
(WSJ, 8/19/96, p.A1)
1995 Alaska’s halibut fisherman
decided to privatize their fishery by dividing up their annual quota
into “catch shares," that were owned in perpetuity by each
(Econ, 9/20/08, p.24)
1995 An Amtrak crash in Arizona
killed one person and injured many.
(SFC, 9/13/96, p.D23)
1995 Marvell Techonolgy Group
was founded In Santa Clara, Ca., by Weili Dai and brother Sehat and
Pantas Sutardja, Indonesian-Chinese immigrants who had studied
together at UC Berkeley. In 2009 the Sutardja Dai Hall, a 7-story
science building, opened in their honor.
(SFC, 2/28/09, p.B3)
1995 In Ohio Larry Wayne Harris
was arrested in Lancaster for possession of bubonic plague bacteria.
He ordered the bacteria with fake letterhead from the American Type
Culture Collection (ATCC) in Rockville, Md. A search of his home
found certificates identifying him as a member of the Aryan Nations
Church. Richard Girnt Butler, founder and leader of the Aryan
Nations, said that Harris had been a member since the early 1990s.
The case led Congress to adopt a law in 1996 requiring that disease
causing organisms be registered with the CDC when being shipped and
(SFC, 2/20/98, p.A8,9)(SFC, 2/21/98, p.A5)
1995 Ron Kirk was elected as
the first black mayor of Dallas, Texas.
(SFC, 10/10/14, p.D5)
1995 Texas executed 19 inmates.
1995 Gilbert Bland was arrested
for stealing ancient maps from libraries around the US and Canada.
In 2000 Miles Harvey authored "The Island of Lost Maps: A True Story
of Cartographic Crime."
(SFEC, 11/12/00, BR p.8)
1995 A team including Ajay
Bhatt worked on the Universal Serial Bus standard at Intel. The
first integrated circuits supporting USB were produced by Intel in
1995 Activists forced a
reversal of Royal Dutch Shell plans to sink the Brent Spar oil
(WSJ, 11/2/04, p.A14)
1995 The EPA found that MTBE, a
gasoline additive, caused cancer in laboratory animals. It was being
used to lower carbon monoxide emissions. The EPA also began to
require that areas with the highest ground-level ozone switch to a
reformulated gasoline year round and MTBE was the additive of
(SFEC, 8/10/97, p.A14)
1995 Foliage loss in trees in
Europe was reported to be 18%, up 2.6 % from 1994 levels. The worst
was in Germany, Poland, the Czech Rep. and Slovakia.
(SFC, 9/6.96, p.A14)
1995 Prof. Marc. Hauser,
Harvard psychologist, claimed that cotton-top tamarins can recognize
themselves in mirrors. His results were questioned and in 2001
Hauser published another paper admitting failure to replicate
earlier findings. His work on the cognitive abilities of monkeys
were again questioned in 2007.
(Econ, 8/28/10, p.69)
1995 For this year US official
aid donations were $7.3 bil. Japan’s was $14.5 bil. France’s was
$8.4 bil. Germany’s was $7.5 bil.
(SFC, 6/18/96, p.A10)
1995 The Pritzker family, led
by Jay and Robert, agreed to increase family stipends from $100,000
a year at age 25 to $1 million a year after age 40 along with some
lump sum payments totaling $25 million.
(WSJ, 12/11/02, p.A9)
1995 About 36.4 million
Americans lived in poverty, 13.8% of the population.
(SFEC, 10/27/96, Par p.12)
1995 Death sentences in the US
peaked this year at 326.
(Econ, 4/26/08, p.46)
1995 During the summer and fall
ten million fish were killed in the Neuse River of North Carolina by
an unusual once-celled dinoflagellate, Pfiesteria piscicida.
(Nat. Hist. 3/96, p.17)
1995 An Asian beetle, fatal to
North American ash trees, arrived in the US about this time. It was
1st noticed in 2002 and by 2005 had killed some 15 million ash trees
in Michigan. Ohio, Indian, and southern Ontario were also affected.
Infested trees died within 4 years.
(SSFC, 12/25/05, p.A25)
1995 In Montana 342 snow geese
died when they stopped for water at the contaminated Berkeley Pit.
The Atlantic Richfield Company, later owned by BP, bought Anaconda
in 1977, and ended active mining in the Berkeley Pit in 1982. Since
then, highly acidic underground water has continuously seeped into
the pit from higher land, creating a rust-colored lake. In 2005
Montana Gov. Brian Schweitzer said "The plan is to continue with
pumps to keep the water below that level and then treat the water
that they pump out and that's going to have to go on until the end
1995 Edward L. Bernays,
pioneering public relations man, died at age 103. In 1998 Larry Tye
published "The Father of Spin: Edward L. Bernays & The Birth of
(SFEC, 10/25/98, BR p.7)
1995 James Clavell, author,
died. His work included "Shogun" and "Gai-Jin."
(SFEC, 4/25/99, Par p.2)
1995 Frank Curtis, a Mormon
brother, died. He had been convicted of criminal sex abuse. In his
1998 lawsuit filed in Multnomah County, Oregon, Jeremiah Scott,
accused the church of hiding the fact that Curtis, one of its high
priests, was a pedophile. Curtis was excommunicated from the church
in 1983 in Pennsylvania but was rebaptized in 1984 in Michigan. In
1988, he joined the Brentwood Ward in Portland. In 2011 Lisa Davis
authored “The Sins of Brother Curtis: A Story of Betrayal,
Conviction, and the Mormon Church.
(SSFC, 3/20/11, p.G7)
1995 Robertson Davies, Canadian
author, died at age 82. He wrote "Fifth Business," "Deptford
Trilogy," "What’s Bred in the Bone," and "The Cunning Man." His
biography was written by Judith Skelton Grant and titled: "Robertson
Davies: Man of Myth."
1995 Arkansas Sen. William J.
Fulbright died. In 1946 President Truman signed the Fulbright
Program into law, establishing the scholarships named for the
(AP, 8/1/97)(MT, Spg. ‘99, p.2)
1995 Eva Gabor, actress, died
of a respiratory illness. Her older sister, Magda, died in 1997.
(SFC, 7/3/96, z-1 p.6)(SFC, 6/7/97, p.A19)
1995 Walter A. Haas, former
owner of the Oakland A’s baseball team, died. He was a descendant of
Levi Strauss and conceived of the SF Season of Sharing Fund. He
presented the idea to Dick Thierot, publisher of the SF Chronicle in
1985 and the fund began in 1986.
1995 Mark Moore authored
“Creating Public Value."
(Econ., 3/28/15, p.87)
1995 Barney Oliver, SETI
pioneer and principle author of Project Cyclops, died. he left an
estimated $10-20 million for Project Phoenix, a radio telescope
search for extraterrestrial life.
(Wired, 8/96, p.191)
1995 Prof. Donald Othmer died
at age 91. He had co-edited the Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical
Technology. He and his wife invested $25,000 with Warren Buffet in
the early 1970s and their estate was worth $800 million at his
death. A quarter of the money was bequeathed to Polytechnic Univ. In
(SFC, 7/14/98, p.B2)
1995 Agnes Plumb (1908-1996)
died. She left behind a $107 million fortune, nearly all of which
she donated to 4 medical institutions. Much of Plumb's fortune
amassed from an investment made by her father to Kellogg Co. over 70
years ago, early in the cereal manufacturer's history. The stock
split and doubled several times over the years, until the 1.3
million shares had a cash value estimated at about $96 million.
1995 Bob Ross (52), American
landscape artist, died. His TV show "The Joy of Painting" was taped
for 11 years until 1993. Reruns continued through 2004.
(WSJ, 4/2/04, p.A1)
1995 Henry Roth (1907-1996),
author, died. His work included a 1934 first novel, "Call It Sleep,"
and then a 6-volume autobiographical novel completed just before his
death: "A Star Shines Over Mr. Morris Park" (1994), "A Diving Rock
on the Hudson" (1995), "From Bondage." In 2005 Steven G. Kellman
authored “Redemption: The Life of Henry Roth."
(WSJ, 7/11/96, p.A12)(SSFC, 8/14/05, p.F3)
1995 George Seldes, journalist,
died at 104. He authored 21 books that criticized the press for
complicity with business and politicians. Rick Goldsmith made a
documentary on Seldes in 1996 called "Tell the Truth and Run: George
Seldes and the American Press.
(SFC, 4/16/98, p.E1,4)
1995 Edward Shils, sociologist,
died at 85. In 1997 his books: "Portraits: A Gallery of
Intellectuals" and "The Order of Learning: Essays (1930-1995) on the
Contemporary University" were published.
(WSJ, 7/21/97, p.A20)
1995 Terry Southern, author,
died at age 71. His novels included "Candy," "Flash and Filigree,"
and "The Magic Christian." His screenplays included "Easy Rider" and
"Dr. Strangelove." In 2001 Lee Hill authored "A Grand Guy: The Art
and Life of Terry Southern."
(SSFC, 3/11/01, BR p.1)
1995 Dmitri Volkogonov,
historian, died. He wrote biographies of Stalin, Lenin and Trotsky
based on archival material of the Soviet Union. From 1991 until his
death he was the head of the Russian Archive Declassifying
(WSJ, 3/29/96, p.A14)(SFC, 7/7/96, BR p.4)
1995 Harvey Wexler, a senior VP
and lobbyist for Continental Airlines, died. When his estate was
settled in 1996 there was an $11 million gift to Bryn Mawr College
in honor of his old friend Joan Coward, a 1945 graduate from Bryn
(SFC, 7/21/96, p.A9)
1995 Rebel jets bombed Kabul,
Afghanistan. Blame was placed on the Islamic Taliban Militia, which
was fighting to oust President Rabbani.
(WSJ, 11/27/95, p.A1)
1995 The Taliban regained Herat
and Tajik commander Ismail Khan fled for exile in Iran. Khan
returned in 1997 and was captured by the Taliban and imprisoned for
nearly 3 years.
(SFC, 11/13/01, p.A2)
1995 In Afghanistan more than
1,000 people died in fighting during this year. Massive gains were
made by the Taliban. Increased Pakistani and Iranian interference
(WSJ, 7/11/96, p.A10)(www.afghan, 5/25/98)
1995 In Albania businessman
Remzi Hoxha was illegally detained along with two other suspects for
an alleged plot to to kill Macedonian President Kiro Gligorov during
a visit to Albania. Hoxha was never found and was presumed to have
died in custody.
1995 In Algeria a bloody
struggle continued between the army and Islamic fundamentalist
forces, which included the FIS (Islamic Salvation Front) and the GIA
(Armed Islamic Group).
(WSJ, 10/23/95, p.A-1)(WSJ, 10/26/95,
p.A-22)(SFC, 7/2/99, p.A12)
1995 Algerian Gen. Mohamed
Boutaghene, commander of the Coast Guard, was killed by gunmen in
south Algiers. He was the highest ranking officer killed in four
years of struggle.
(WSJ, 11/29/95, p.A-1)
1995 In Algeria more than 3,000
people died this year in fighting between the government and Islamic
(WSJ, 7/11/96, p.A10)
1995 In Angola 500 to a 1,000
people died this year in the civil war.
(WSJ, 7/11/96, p.A10)
1995 In Argentina Carlos Menem
was re-elected to a 4-year term.
(SFC, 12/24/96, p.A8)
1995 Australia's Northern
Territory introduced the world's first voluntary euthanasia
legislation, but it was overturned in 1997 by the federal
1995 The Bahrain parliament was
dissolved by the ruling al-Khalifa family.
(WSJ, 1/3/96, p.A-12)
1995 Bahrain stored 18 US
(WSJ, 10/24/95, p.A-1)
1995 Bahrain became the
headquarters for the U.S. Navy's 5th Fleet.
1995 Belgium based Interbrew
bought Labatts of Canada.
(Econ, 12/17/11, p.125)
1995 Bhutan’s national assembly
declared that 60 percent of the country must be forested, including
26 percent that is set aside as protected.
1995 In Bolivia Evo Morales
founded the Movement Toward Socialism. He was later elected to
congress, and in 2002 narrowly lost the presidential race to Gonzalo
Sanchez de Lozada.
1995 The US Predator
surveillance drone was 1st used over Bosnia. In 2001 it was equipped
with the hell-fire missile and used over Afghanistan. This unmanned
aerial vehicle (UAV) flew as slowly as a Cessna.
(SFC, 11/23/01, p.A12)(Econ, 12/8/07, TQ p.22)
1995 Brazil joined the World
Trade organization (WTO) and accepted int’l. intellectual property
(Econ, 11/3/12, p.38)
1995 In Brazil Jorge Luiz
Fernandez, aka George the Smotherer, killed two innocent people
while trying to eliminate a witness to a previous murder.
(SFC, 9/21/98, p.A12)
1995 Ricardo Correa moved his
shoe operations from Brazil to China. A reduction in trade barriers
in the early 1990s along with an appreciating currency and pressure
from cheap Chinese labor had combined to stagnate Brazil’s shoe
exports. By 2008 some 3,000 Brazilians worked in China’s
(Econ, 9/13/08, p.75)
1995 Former Bolivian dictator
Luis Garcia Meza Tejada (1980-1981) was extradited to Bolivia from
Brazil and began serving a 30 year prison sentence, in the same
prison where he once kept his enemies.
1995 Britain’s conservative
government unveiled plans to reduce the basic income tax rate from
25% to 24%.
(WSJ, 12/29/95, p.A-11)
1995 British Energy was formed
to run Britain’s second generation of nuclear plants.
(Econ, 3/22/08, p.64)
1995 The Alternative Investment
Market (AIM) was founded in London. Run by the London Stock Exchange
(LSE) in 2006 it charged $7,319 for its admission and annual fee as
opposed to $100,000 for admission to Nasdaq.
(SFC, 4/28/06, p.D1)(Econ, 10/21/06, p.86)
1995 Britain’s largest
manufacturing concern, General Electric Company PLC, was run by Lord
Weinstock. He retired in autumn 1996 after 33 years in charge.
(WSJ, 11/10/95, p. A-7)
1995 Sir Stelios Haji-Ioannou
(b.1967), a Greek-Cypriot-born British entrepreneur, founded
easyJet, a budget airline.
1995 Johan Eliasch (33),
Swedish-born English business executive, acquired the financially
ailing Head NV from the Austrian government for $1 million plus the
assumption of more than $300 million in debt.
(WSJ, 4/7/07, p.A5)
1995 British income per head
overtook the French.
(Econ, 5/28/05, p.28)
1995 In Cambodia the Khmer
Rouge was ousted after a 3 year reign of terror in which hundreds of
(WSJ, 7/11/96, p.A10)
1995 The Canadian government
recorded a federal deficit of CA$37.5 billion.
(Fin. Post, 11/2/95, p.2)
1995 Canada enacted a tough
federal Firearms Act. It was upheld in 2000 and required all gun
owners to registers all firearms with police by 2003. In 2009 plans
were afoot to repeal the long-gun (rifles and shotguns) registry,
dismantling some 8 million firearms records.
(WSJ, 6/16/00, p.A1)(SSFC, 11/8/09, p.A10)
1995 Ontario's government
unveiled the biggest budget cuts ever made by a Canadian province,
$4.4 bil. over three years. The cuts will eliminate 3,500 public
sector jobs and cut $1 bil. from hospital funding.
(WSJ, 11/30/95, p.A-1)
1995 British Columbia enacted a
Forest Practices Code to ensure higher environmental standards and
enforcement. A 1997 report indicated that that standards were not
being followed or enforced.
(SFC, 6/23/97, p.A8)
1995 Native protestors at
Gustafsen Lake took up arms against the RCMP. They claimed that the
land was sacred and never ceded to the crown. In 1997 13 people were
sentenced to prison terms up to 4 1/2 years for the protests.
(G&M, 7/31/97, p.A1)
1995 Mo Yan won the Chinese
Dajia Prize for his novel "Big Breasts and Wide Hips." In 2004
Howard Goldblatt translated it to English.
(SSFC, 1/9/05, p.E3)
1995 In China the Puccini opera
"Turandot" was staged in Beijing. It marked the first time that a
non-Chinese opera was sung in the country in its original language.
(WSJ, 9/16/98, p.A20)
(WSJ, 9/16/98, p.A20)
1995 The film "Red Cherry" was
directed by Ye Ying and became China’s biggest hit of the year.
(SFC, 6/6/97, p.D3)
1995 China seized Mischief
Reef, part of the Spratly Islands in the South China Sea, that were
claimed by the Philippines.
(WSJ, 3/5/97, p.A16)(Econ, 3/31/07, SR p.7)
1995 Beijing introduced
“managed" competition by breaking up China Telecom.
(Econ, 8/28/04, p.59)
1995 Cheung Yan founded Nine
Dragons Paper and spent 3 years setting up the first of its
paper-making machines in Dongguan, China. By 2007 the company,
valued at $6.5 billion, was the 3rd largest paper company in the
(Econ, 6/9/07, p.76)
1995 Sinochem shipped 284
barrels of glycerin from China to Dastech Int’l. of Great Neck, NY.
The glycerin was labeled 98% pure, but Dastech found that the syrup
contained sugar compounds and diethylene glycol.
(SSFC, 6/17/07, p.A12)
1995 A World Bank study
concluded that water pollution cost China some $54 billion this
(SFC, 6/6/03, p.A12)
1995 Chile spent nearly $2
billion on defense this year, about 4% GNP.
(SFC, 11/23/96, p.A8)
1995 In Colombia Gilberto
Rodriguez Orejuela, a leader of the Cali drug cartel, was arrested.
(SFC, 10/21/96, p.A17)
1995 In Colombia a study by
Alejandro Reyes in Bogota estimated that drug cartels had acquired
about 8% of the nation’s best farmland.
(SFC, 4/7/97, p.A8)
1995 Contraband accounted for
as much as a sixth of Colombia’s imports or about $2.34 billion in
(WSJ, 12/17/96, p.A18)
1995 Commonwealth members
admitted Mozambique and Cameroon.
(Econ, 11/24/07, p.64)
1995 Colombia granted
Afro-Colombian communities on the Pacific coast collective titles to
land occupied by their ancestors when slavery was abolished in 1851.
(Econ, 8/1/09, p.34)
1995 In Colombia the metro
system of Medellin opened after years of delays.
(Econ, 5/31/14, p.41)
1995 Gilberto Rodriguez
Orejuela, a leader of Colombia’s Cali drug cartel, was arrested.
(SFC, 10/21/96, p.A17)
1995 Contraband accounted for
as much as a sixth of Colombia’s imports or about $2.34 billion in
(WSJ, 12/17/96, p.A18)
1995 A study by Alejandro Reyes
in Bogota, Colombia, estimated that drug cartels had acquired about
8% of the nation’s best farmland.
(SFC, 4/7/97, p.A8)
1995 Cuban cigar production
dropped to 50 million.
(SFC, 7/13/96, p.A9)
1995 US-funded Radio Free
Europe/Radio Liberty moved its headquarters to Prague from Munich.
1995 Danish Foreign Minister
Niels Helveg Petersen told reporters that no nuclear weapons were
deployed in Greenland. 2 weeks later US Sec. of Defense William
Perry wrote in a confidential letter that warheads and surface to
air missiles had been stored at the Thule air base without
Greenland’s knowledge. The crisis became known as "Thulegate" in
(SFC, 11/3/01, p.C3)
1995 Ecuador engaged in a
border war with Peru. Argentine arms were transported to Ecuador by
the US Fine Air airline owned by Barry and Lary Fine. The Fine
brothers were tried in absentia in Lima in 1997.
1995 In El Salvador some 40
citizens banded together to form the Patriotic Movement. Their first
project was the 1996 exchange program Goods for Guns.
(SFEC, 10/6/96, A9)
1995 In El Salvador a pilot
CARE program surveyed ranches under joint title to former guerrillas
in order to establish specific ownership to improve development. It
grew to a $26 million program by 1998.
(SFEC, 1/11/98, p.A27)
1995 In El Salvador there were
7,877 people murdered in this year according to the attorney
(SFC, 10/3/97, p.B5)
1995 Royalists in Estonia
invited Prince Edward of the British Royal family to wear the
Estonian crown. He declined the offer.
(Hem, 4/96, p.23)
1995 The EU banned Sudan 1, a
red dye and genotoxic carcinogen, from use in food.
(Econ, 2/26/05, p.56)
1995 The European Commission
implemented the flagship Data Protection Directive.
1995 The French film “La Heine"
(Hatred) was written and directed by Matthieu Kassovitz (26). The
film opened French eyes to the rage on the housing estates on the
(Econ, 5/31/08, p.89) (Econ, 5/16/15, p.79)
1995 The French film “Son of
Gascogne" starred Gregoire Colin and was directed by Pascal Aubier.
It was about a young man mistaken for the son of a fabled New Wave
(SFC, 5/22/98, p.C3)
1995 France imposed lengthy
cross-checks for Algerians traveling to Europe due to the war with
Islamist rebels. The weeks long wait was finally reduced in 2006.
(Econ, 11/18/06, p.48)
1995 State prosecutors in
Bordeaux reduced charges against Maurice Papon to complicity in
crimes against humanity.
1995 Sinochem shipped 284
barrels of glycerin from China to Dastech Int’l. of Great Neck, NY.
The glycerin was labeled 98% pure, but Dastech found that the syrup
contained sugar compounds and diethylene glycol.
(SSFC, 6/17/07, p.A12)
1995 French retailer Carrefour
began operating in China.
(Econ, 10/10/09, p.68)
1995 The population of France
was about 57 million people. The 1995 budget-deficit target under PM
Alain Juppe was $322 bil.
(WSJ, 11/17/95, p.A-10)
1995 Gambia’s president,
Captain Yahya Jammeh, defended the Nigerian government in the
hanging of Ken Saro-Wiwa.
(WSJ, 12/15/95, p.A-16)
1995 German-Jewish writer
Stefanie Zweig (1932-2014) authored her autobiographical novel
"Nowhere in Africa." The book retold the story of her family's time
in Kenya. A movie adaptation won an Oscar for Best Foreign Language
Film in 2003.
1995 Germany introduced a
35-hour work week.
(WSJ, 4/29/04, p.A14)
1995 In Germany Christo and his
wife, Jeanne-Claude, wrapped the Reichstag with over 1 million
square feet of silvery polypropylene fabric, secured with over
51,000 feet of polypropylene rope. The project cost some $13
(SFC, 11/17/98, p.E5)(SSFC, 2/13/05, p.A10)
1995 Germany devised a
compromise abortion law that permitted abortions within the first 12
weeks with the issuance of a counseling certificate.
(SFC, 1/28/98, p.A6)
1995 Volkswagen built a large
car factory near Lisbon, Portugal.
(Econ, 1/15/11, p.78)
1995 Eritrea institued a
national service program. It turned into an indefinite conscription
as the border dispute with Ethiopia festered.
1995 Gavin Barker, a social
worker from London, founded Quetzaltrekkers, a Guatemala trekking
program aimed at funding street children in Xela.
(SSFC, 11/9/03, p.D3)
1995 Iceland stopped
requirement immigrants to adopt local names.
(Econ, 1/14/12, p.59)
1995 In India the government in
New Delhi granted Ladakh Autonomous Hill Council status, recognizing
its unique culture and giving it some measure of self rule.
1995 Riots erupted in
Bangalore, India, when the 1st Kentucky Fried Chicken (KFC) opened
in the city.
(WSJ, 11/7/05, p.A12)
1995 Ronnie Screwvala, founder
of India’s UTV software, started his UTV film studio.
(Econ, 2/9/08, p.72)
1995 Ratan Tata decided to
enter India’s passenger car market. The 1st Tata Motors car was
produced in 1998.
(Econ, 4/2/05, p.53)
1995 Tulsi Tanti formed Suzlon
Energy in India. Suzlon Energy incorporated as a maker of wind
turbines. In 2005 he sold a minority of shares of shares in the wind
turbine company and joined the ranks of world billionaires. By 2007
it was the largest such company in India and 5th largest in the
world with a major presence in China.
(Econ, 6/2/07, SR
p.19)(www.suzlon.com/about-us.htm)(WSJ, 4/18/08, p.A1)
1995 Shetty Sreenath built
Asia’s 1st eco-friendly e-waste disposal facility in Bangalore,
India. In 2007 Sreenath said “We’re sitting on an e-waste time
(SFC, 3/30/07, p.A1)
1995 William Oliver (1947-
2014), English champion of wild pigs, managed to get the government
of India and Assam state to agree to protect the endangered pigmy
(Econ, 9/27/14, p.94)
1995 In India official data
showed 1,677 people succumbing to heat.
1995 India’s population was
around 900 million.
(WSJ, 11/20/95, p.A-1)
1995 Indonesia ostensibly
outlawed land clearing fires after smog hit Singapore.
(WSJ, 9/30/97, p.A17)
1995 Lakshmi Mittal (b.1950),
India-born entrepreneur, transferred his steel firm's headquarters
from Indonesia to London, a city Mr Mittal rated as the world's
1995 A flight operated by
the Indonesia-based Merpati Nusantara Airlines disappeared over open
water while flying between islands in the archipelago nation. The de
Havilland Twin Otter 300 with 14 crew and passengers was never
1995 The Iranian film "Pari"
was produced. It was directed by Dariush Mehrjui and adopted from
J.D. Salinger’s “Franny and Zooey." UD showing was barred in 1998
due to copyright.
(SFC, 11/23/98, p.E2)
1995 The film “The Snowman" was
directed by Davoud Mirbaqeri. It was about an Iranian man who
dresses as a woman in order to obtain an American visa.
(SFEC, 4/23/00, DB p.52)
1995 Mohsen Makhmalbaf, Iranian
director, made his film “Salaam Cinema." He used a documentary
technique to make his film on auditioning actors.
(SFC, 5/14/97, p.E6)
1995 The film "The White
Balloon" was directed by Jafar Panahi of Iran.
(SFC, 1/30/98, p.E17)
1995 Iran awarded a $1 billion
contract to the American oil firm Conoco, but US Pres. Clinton
scuttled the deal and subsequently banned US companies from most
forms of trading with Iran. He accused Tehran of continued support
for international terrorism. Iran then awarded the oil contract to
the French firm Total.
(SFC, 4/14/96, p.A14)
1995 Alireza Azmandian, US
educated engineer, returned to Iran to teach at Tehran Univ. and
opened a private office to promote positive thinking and self-help.
By 2008 he had published 2 self-help books and his business, The
Center for Technology of Thought, occupied an entire floor of a
(WSJ, 6/30/08, p.A1)
1995 In Iraq Rolf Ekeus, head
of UNSCOM, found evidence of research relating to a biological
(SFEC, 3/7/99, p.A18)
1995 In Iraq former US Marine
captain Scott Ritter led a UN inspection that discovered that
missile guidance parts were being smuggled into Iraq through Jordan.
(SFC, 1/14/98, p.C3)
1995 Binjamin Wilkomirski
published in Switzerland the memoir "Fragments," which purported to
be about his survival at the Majdanek concentration camp. In 2002
Blake Eskin authored "A Life in Pieces" that told the story of how
Bruno Doessekker (b.1941) fabricated the story.
(WSJ, 2/5/02, p.A16)
1995 VocalTec, an Israeli
company, was the first company to release commercial PC-to-PC
calling software, which it called Internet Phone. However, many
competitors soon followed. In 2010 VocalTec merged with YMax Corp,
maker of magicJack, an Internet phone gadget.
1995 Miriam Ben-Porat, Israeli
comptroller, issued a report that said Shin Bet security routinely
mistreated Palestinian detainees between 1988 and 1992. The report
was not made public until 2000.
(SFC, 2/10/00, p.A10)
1995 The Italian port at Gioia
Tauro began handling container ships. The local mafia, ‘Ndrangheta,
tried to extort $1.50 for every container, but the demand was
(Econ, 2/24/07, p.78)
1995 Imaemon Imaizuki a "living
national treasure of Japan," admired the work of Narae Mochizuki
Goldsmith (d.1997), a Bay Area artist, who had developed a new art
form of calligraphic brush writing on ceramics for refined
renditions of medieval Japanese poetry on abstract sculptural forms.
(SFC, 5/17/97, p.A20)
1995 The Etsuko and Joe Price
Collection: "Masterworks of Japanese Painting" is a CD that shows
the Japanese Edo paintings housed at the Los Angeles County Museum
of Art, the greatest collection in the Western world.
(Civil., Jul-Aug., '95, p.85)
1995 A Japanese weekly comic
book featured the story "Initial D," which focused on a drifter
named Takumi, who honed his (car) sliding skills on early morning
runs delivering tofu to a resort hotel in the mountains.
(WSJ, 9/18/03, p.A10)
1995 The Japanese anime film
"Whisper of the Heart" was made by Yoshifumi Kondo (d.1998 at 47).
(SFEC, 10/31/99, DB p.9)
1995 In Japan a fad called
purikura began. Young people began taking color photos in booths
with customized backgrounds and digital decorations.
(SFC, 1/23/09, p.B9)
1995 American and Japan
intervened to halt the dollar’s slide against the yen.
(Econ, 3/29/08, p.100)
1995 In Japan executives of the
Takashimaya department store chain paid $730,000 to ensure a quiet
stockholders meeting. The money was paid to Isao Nishiura, the head
of a group of Japanese mobsters (yakuza) who practice "sokaiya’" a
form of extortion. Three executives and Isao were arrested in 1996.
Payments had been made for as long as ten years.
(SFC, 6/11/96, p.A14)
1995 In Kenya the three Somali
clans in the Wajir district -- the Ajuran, Ogaden and Degodia
settled their differences in a peace agreement that led to the
formation of the Wajir Peace and Development Committee.
1995 In Latvia the only Jewish
synagogue in Riga was bombed and caused $300,000 in damages.
(SFC, 4/798, p.A14)
1995 Libya declared jihad
against NATO, but no concrete action was taken.
(WSJ, 10/10/01, p.A10)
1995 The Libyan Islamic
Fighting Group, an Islamist militant group, first announced its
existence vowing to overthrow Gaddafi and launching a violent
1995 The Macedonian government
signed an accord with Athens agreeing to remove a particular symbol
from its flag and revising some articles of the constitution. Talks
on the country's name have made little progress. In official bodies
such as the United Nations, the country is known as the Former
Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.
c1995 In Mali a Swiss development worker invented
a low-cost machine for milling and grinding. By 2002 the $4,000
machine was in some 300 villages and benefited numerous women who
had previously hours pounding and grinding grains for daily meals.
(WSJ, 7/26/02, p.A1)
1995 In Mauritius Anerood
Jugnauth and his Socialist Movement lost elections to Labor Party
leader Navin Ramgoolam, who formed a coalition government with
Berenger’s Mauritian Militant Movement (MMM).
(SFC, 6/24/96, p.A8)
1995 In Mexico a new
pension-revision program was aimed at increasing domestic savings to
22% of gross domestic product by the year 2000.
(WSJ, 11/10/95, p. A-6)
1995 Mexico’s Pres. Ernesto
Zedillo signed a law creating the Cabo Pulmo National Marine Reserve
off the Baha Peninsula in the Gulf of California.
(SFC, 1/17/06, p.A10)
1995 Santiago Levy, Mexico’s
deputy finance minister, began a program in Campeche to pay poor
mothers to keep their children in school and take their kids to the
health clinic. The program called Progresa was successful and under
Pres. Fox was renamed Oportunidades.
(Econ, 11/18/06, Survey
1995 Mexico created Cintra, a
holding company to rescue Aeromexico and Mexicana airlines.
(Econ, 3/26/05, p.63)
1995 Mexico began privatizing
its railroad freight lines.
(Econ, 3/15/14, p.61)
1995 The Christian Council of
Mozambique launched a project to bring peace and reconciliation to
the country and to disarm thousands of former combatants. The
program paid artists to turn retrieved weapons into sculptures.
(SFC, 11/9/12, p.A7)
1995 In Nepal a center-right
government came to power.
(WSJ, 8/22/96, p.A1)
1995 In Nicaragua Arnoldo
Aleman resigned the mayorship of Managua to run for the presidency
with running mate Enrique Bolanos for the right-wing Liberal Party.
(SFC, 10/15/96, p.A12)
1995 In Nicaragua
ex-Sandinistas formed a rebel group called the Andres Castro United
Front (FUAC) in the northern region of Siuna. They prevented local
crime from marauding ex-Contra rebels and demanded government
compliance with promises of food, land and jobs.
(SFC, 7/27/98, p.A8)
1995 Nigeria’s Pres. Sani
Abacha initiated the construction of a natural gas complex.
(WSJ, 6/21/04, p.A3)
1995 Beko Ransome-Kuti, an
opposition figure, was arrested and sentenced to 15 years in prison
for trying to make public trial transcripts of an accused coup
(SFC, 6/15/98, p.A11)
2005 In Nigeria soldiers
arrested Moses Akatugba (16) for allegedly stealing three
cellphones. He was delivered to police officers who tortured him,
including tearing out his finger and toe nails with pliers, until he
signed confessions admitting to armed robbery. He was condemned to
hang and spent 10 years in prison before being pardoned in 2015.
1995 Nigeria had about 100
million people and $40 billion in external debt. It was the fifth
largest oil producer in OPEC, and the US imported about 40% of its
oil. Per capita income was $230.
(WSJ, 11/13/95, p.A-10)
1995 In Pakistan PM Bhutto
launched another crackdown in Karachi against the MQM.
(WSJ, 12/5/07, p.A22)
1995 In Karachi,
Pakistan, unidentified gunmen bound, blindfolded and shot to death
15 migrant workers. The government blamed the deaths on the Mohajir
Qaumi Movement (MQM). Mohajirs are Indian Muslims who came to
Karachi when Pakistan was founded. The leader of the MQM was Altaf
Hussain, who lived in exile in London.
(V. Sun, 11/3/95, p.A-16)(WSJ, 12/14/95, p.A-6)
1995 In Pakistan a coup attempt
by Islamic radical was foiled. 23 military officers were arrested
(SFEC, 10/31/99, p.A25)
1995 In Pakistan Dassault
Aviation of France agreed to pay Asif Zardari and a partner $200
million for a $4 billion jet fighter contract. The deal fell apart
When Bhutto’s government was dismissed.
(SFC, 1/9/98, p.A8)
1995 In eastern Pakistan
several gunmen shot at a crowd of Shiite Muslims in the Punjab
provincial town of Jhang. In 2006 a judge sentenced Aslam Moyavia, a
Sunni Muslim extremist, to death for the killing.
1995 Washington said Pakistan
received M-11 missiles from China, capable of carrying nuclear
warheads. [see Jun 13, 1996]
(SFEC, 5/17/98, p.A15)
1995 In Pakistan Shahnawaz
Toor, a worker for the US Drug Enforcement Agency, was murdered in
Karachi. In 1998 Saulat Mirza, a member of the Muttahida Qaumi
Movement, was arrested for the murder.
(SFC, 12/12/98, p.B2)
1995 In Peru a new government
austerity program slowed the growth rate to 3.7%.
(WSJ, 11/22/95, p.A-3)
1995 Peru’s government under
President Alberto Fujimori began a family planning program. It
promoted birth control as a way to reduce family size and poverty.
It was later cited as taking advantage of poor rural women to meet
quotas in sloppy operations under unsanitary conditions. At least 2
women were reported to have died and hundreds injured from the
operations. From 1995-2000 more than 300,000 women were sterilized,
mostly poor, illiterate Indians.
(SFEC, 2/15/98, p.A26)(AP, 2/15/12)
1995 Russian General Alexander
Lebed wrote his memoir: "Feeling Sorry for the State."
(WSJ, 6/18/96, p.A12)
1995 Russia led the world in
arms sales with about $6 billion worth of weapons. The US however
led in deliveries with $9.537 billion.
(SFC, 8/21/96, p.A10)
1995 Russia agreed to assist
China with manned spaceflight technology and training of Chinese
astronauts in cosmonaut academy near Moscow.
1995 Russia banned liquor ads
(Econ, 9/4/04, p.59)
1995 In Russia Banker Ivan
Kivelidi and his secretary Zara Izmailova were killed by a high-tech
(SFC, 12/30/96, p.A8)
1995 The Russian Republic of
Tuva is noted for its considerable natural resources of gold,
mercury, lead-zinc, nickel-cobalt, and coal reserves. There are also
8000 rivers and streams for potential hydro-electric power.
(WSJ, 12/15/95, p.A-19)
1995 The American club Friends
of Tuva helped to take Paul Pena, a blind blues musician and
self-taught throat-singer, to Tuva for a singing contest. The trip
was later chronicled in the 1999 film, Genghis Blues.
(WSJ, 4/1/06, p.A5)
1995 In Saudi Arabia a record
192 people were beheaded.
(SFC, 8/27/96, p.A10)
c1995 Prime Minister Goh Chok
Tong called on Singapore to become a "gracious society." This later
led to the founding of the Singapore Kindness Movement (SKM).
(WSJ, 11/19/98, p.B1)
1995 In Somalia Mohamed Farak
Aidid declared himself to be president.
(SFEC, 8/31/97, Par p.16)
1995 Former South African
defense minister Magnus Malan and 19 other top military brass were
charged with murder and creating hit squads to destabilize the
country, and specifically with the 1987 massacre of 13 people in
KwaZulu's Kwamakutha township. After a 7-month trial, all 20 were
cleared of the charges in a verdict that found the apartheid
government had paid Inkatha vigilantes for the killings, but ruled
the prosecution had not proved the link to Malan.
1995 In South Africa the first
lion infected with tuberculosis was discovered by Dewald Keet, chief
veterinarian at Kruger National Park. They picked up the disease
from feeding on infected Cape Buffalo, who picked it up from
infected cattle herds.
(SFC, 10/22/98, p.A12)
1995 In South Korea Samsung
boss Lee Kun-hee had thousands of faulty mobile phones and other
devices burned and bulldozed in front of weeping employees.
(Econ, 9/27/14, p.61)
1995 By this year Christianity
surpassed Buddhism as South Korea’s most popular religion.
(Econ, 8/4/07, p.37)
1995 In Sri Lanka 5,000 people
were killed this year in fighting with the Tamil Tigers.
(WSJ, 7/11/96, p.A10)
1995 Spain and Morocco agreed
to build a channel tunnel under the Strait of Gibraltar. The plan
was for 3 tunnels at a cost of $4 bil.
(WSJ, 6/18/96, p.A10)
1995 In Spain the Asocamu group
was set up to promote rural re-population by organizing parties for
single men and woman.
1995 Sweden granted registered
partnership becoming the third country to legally recognize same-sex
unions, after Denmark and Norway.
1995 In Sweden a young man
killed 4 people and wounded 20 with an assault rifle after he was
denied admittance to a discotheque.
(SFEC, 8/24/98, p.A26)
1995 Prompted by Jewish groups
Swiss banks searched their dormant accounts and claimed to have
found only $32 million.
(SFC, 10/24/96, p.C2)
1995 Thailand experienced
(Econ, 1/14/12, p.60)
1995 The Vatican established a
simple World Wide Web site.
(Sky, 9/97, p.22)
1995 Moises Naim (b.1952),
Venezuelan writer, coined the phrase “corruption eruption."
1995 Venezuela devalued its
Bolivar currency 41% to 290 from 170 to the US dollar.
(WSJ, 12/12/95, p.A-15)
1995 In northwest Venezuela the
Carbones de la Guajira coal mine began operating in territory
occupied by the native Wayuu Indians. The operation poisoned the
local Socuy River, which drained into lake Maracaibo, which later
became considered too contaminated for swimming. The Wayuu Indians
accounted for nearly 200,000 of Venezuela’s 300,000 indigenous
(SSFC, 12/16/07, p.A17)
1995 Vietnam joined the
Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).
(WSJ, 3/5/97, p.A16)(SFEC, 6/1/97, p.D3)
1995 The Vietnam Social
Security Fund was created. In 2013 the Int’l. Labor Organization
warned that without reform the fund would run a deficit by 2021 and
run dry by 2034.
(Econ, 5/16/15, p.35)
1995 The World Trade
Organization was created as a successor to GATT, the General
Agreement on Tariffs and Trade. [see Jan 1, 1994] The Agreement on
Textiles (ATC) was part of the WTO.
(Econ, 9/20/03, p11)(Econ, 11/13/04, p.76)
1995 In Yemen Bin Shamlan, a
former executive for a Saudi oil company in London and minister of
infrastructure and minister of oil in the government of South Yemen,
resigned from parliament to protest government corruption.
1995 In Zimbabwe Pres. Mugabe
lashed out against homosexuals and said they had no civil rights in
(SFC, 7/14/98, p.A10)
1995-1996 According to the US College Board the
average tuition at a 4-year private college or univ. was $10, 514.
(WSJ, 6/19/96, p.A19)
1995-1996 Oprah Winfrey had combined earnings of
$171 mil., and ranked at the top of the Forbes magazine listing or
40 best paid entertainers.
(SFC, 9/9/96, p.A2)
1995-1996 Fiat SpA of Italy invested $1 bil over
this period for new engines, updated models, and new projects in
(WSJ, 5/30/96, p.A11)
1995-1997 IRS employees embezzled $5.3 million in
taxpayer checks over this period.
(SFC, 11/16/98, p.A3)
1995-1997 In Brazil Rodrigo Baggio organized
efforts to provide computer education to the children of Rio’s
slums. He formed the Committee for Computer Science Democratization,
which had opened schools in 32 Rio slums over the last 2 years.
(SFC, 7/7/97, p.A8)
1995-1997 In Colombia fraudulent insurance claims
plagued the country. Criminals bought life insurance policies for
unwitting beggars, prostitutes and peasants and then killed them to
collect the insurance money. Accident insurance was also abused and
indigents were maimed to collect off of policies.
(SFC, 7/22/97, p.A8)
1995-1998 The Yadana pipeline and offshore natural
gas production facilities were built by a consortium of Total,
Unocal and Myanmar Oil and Gas Enterprise.
(SFC, 4/29/08, p.D1)
1995-1998 In 1999 North Korea reported that some
220,000 people died from famine over this period. South Korean
officials estimated that the population had fallen from 25 million
to 23 million. In 1998 a US congressional delegation estimated the
number to be 2 million.
(SFC, 5/11/99, p.A12)(SFEC, 8/15/99, p.A21)
1995-2000 Dick Cheney, former Sec. of Defense,
served as CEO of Halliburton Corp. He brought in some $1 billion in
(SSFC, 7/28/02, p.A19)
1995-2000 Sergei Tretyakov, served as deputy head
of intelligence at Russia's UN mission. In 2000 he defected to the
US and in 2008 said "Inside the UN, we were fishing for
knowledgeable diplomats who could give us first of all anti-American
1995-2001 Basdeo Panday served as the prime
minister of Trinidad & Tobago. In Sep, 2002, he was charged with
failing to include a London bank account in a statutory declaration
of his assets.
(Econ, 1/28/06, p.37)
1995-2002 In 2003 French prosecutors alleged that
some $180 million in illegal payments were made over this time to
Nigeria by the TSKG consortium in connection with a $4.9 billion
natural gas project at Bonny Bay. The US Halliburton Corp. had a 25%
(WSJ, 2/5/04, p.A1)
1995-2004 The amoeba called Naegleria fowleri
killed 23 people in the United States during this period. In 2007
health officials noticed a spike with six cases, three in Florida,
two in Texas and one in Arizona. The CDC knows of only several
hundred cases worldwide since its discovery in Australia in the
1960s. the killer amoeba living in lakes enters the body through the
nose and attacks the brain where it feeds until you die.
1995-2005 In South Africa Jacob Zuma was alleged
in 2005 to have accepted over $596,000 from his friend and financial
advisor Schabir Shaik, during this period, for using his influence
to help secure government contracts for Mr. Shaik’s companies.
Charges against Mr. Zuma were dropped in 2009.
(Econ, 4/18/09, p.23)
1995-2010 Inflation in Uganda fell to 6% over this
period compared to an average of 92% for the previous 15 years.
(Econ, 11/2/13, p.82)