Timeline 1999 October - December

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1999        Oct 1, South Korean activists thanked the US government for promising to investigate an Associated Press report that US forces allegedly killed several hundred refugees at the start of the Korean War. But the protesters also demanded the US punish some of the veterans involved and compensate the victims’ relatives.
    (AP, 10/1/00)
1999        Oct 1, In Thailand the Vigorous Burmese Student Warriors took 38 diplomats as hostages at the Burmese Embassy in Bangkok. Two Thai officials were exchanged for the hostages and 12 [5] students were reported to have flown to the Thai-Burma border by helicopter, where they were released. The students demanded the release of political prisoners, dialogue between the military and Aung San Suu Kyi and an elected parliament.
    (SFC, 10/2/99, p.A12)(SFEC, 10/3/99, p.A25)
1999        Oct 1, In China the celebration for the 50th anniversary of Communism included 50 approved slogans for the masses to chant and 61 approved songs to sing. Central TV had already aired a 16-part documentary on the past 50 years.
    (WSJ, 9/30/99, p.A18)
1999        Oct 1, In Indonesia the new national Assembly met for the first time in the post-Suharto period. The assembly elected Amien Rais as speaker and chose Oct 20 as the date to select the next president.
    (WSJ, 10/1/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 10/4/99, p.A1)
1999        Oct 1, Israel planned to implement the Wye River accord and pull troops from the West Bank.
    (WSJ, 8/2/99, p.A1)
1999        Oct 1, Joao da Silva Tavares, a militia leader in West Timor, said he planned to lead 12,000 fighters back to 6 western districts of East Timor.
    (SFC, 10/2/99, p.C1)
1999        Oct 1, In Pakistan gunmen attacked Shiites in Karachi and killed 9 people in a mosque. A retaliatory attack on a Sunni Muslim school left 4 dead. Another 5 people were killed in eastern Punjab.
    (SFC, 10/2/99, p.A13)
1999        Oct 1, In Russia Prime Minister Putin cut ties with the elected government of Chechnya.
    (SFC, 10/2/99, p.A12)

1999        Oct 2, The controversial art show "Sensation: Young British Artists from the Saatchi Collection" opened at the Brooklyn Museum of Art. Mayor Giuliani withheld the museum's monthly city subsidy and started eviction proceedings. The show included Chris Ofili's "The Holy Virgin Mary" fashioned with some elephant dung.
    (SFEC, 10/3/99, p.A3)
1999        Oct 2, The US and Russia opened a new video-conferencing center in Moscow to allow real-time links with the White House.
    (SFEC, 10/3/99, p.A17)
1999        Oct 2, Bo Mya, leader of the Karen National Union, said he would grant sanctuary to the Burmese students who were flown to the Thai-Burma following a 26 hour takeover of the Burmese Embassy in Thailand.
    (SFEC, 10/3/99, p.A25)
1999        Oct 2, In India 6 people, including 4 police personnel, were killed as national elections began in Tripura state.
    (SFEC, 10/3/99, p.A23)
1999        Oct 2, From Kenya it was reported that the flamingos of Lake Nakuru had migrated away to other locations. Environmental stress from industrial refuse and other wastes was blamed. Fluctuating salinity was also suspect in that flamingoes feed on the algae spirulina platensis, which blooms in saline waters. It was later reported that tens of thousands of flamingos on Lake Bogoria had died since July due to heavy metals.
    (SFC, 10/2/99, p.A9)(SFC, 3/4/00, p.A8)
1999        Oct 2, Russian troops engaged Chechen guerrilla defenders as armored columns rolled into the villages of Alpatova and Chernokosova.
    (SFEC, 10/3/99, p.A22)
1999        Oct 2, In the Ukraine Natalia Vitrenko of the leftist Progressive Socialist Party was wounded in a grenade attack at a campaign meeting in Inguletsk.
    (WSJ, 10/4/99, p.A)
   
1999        Oct 3, Sony co-founder Akio Morita, the entrepreneur, engineer and savvy salesman who helped give new meaning to the words "Made in Japan," died in Tokyo at age 78.
    (SFEC, 10/3/99, p.C7)(AP, 10/3/00)
1999        Oct 3, The far-right Freedom Party (the Blues) led by Joerg Haider (49) won 2nd place behind the Social Democrats, who won with 33% of the vote. The conservative People’s Party (the Blacks) fell to 3rd place with 27%.
    (SFC, 10/2/99, p.A12)(SFC, 10/4/99, p.A12)(Econ, 11/24/07, SR p.6)
1999        Oct 3, Flooding in Central America left 21 dead in Honduras, 10 dead in Nicaragua, and 11 dead in El Salvador and thousands were forced to flee their homes.
    (SFC, 10/4/99, p.A13)
1999        Oct 3, In India the elections ended and the Bharatiya Janata Party under PM Atal Bihari Vajpayee was expected to return to power with an alliance of 21 other parties. The BJP was expected to gain 34 seats to 287. The BJP won a projected 296 of 545 seats. The Congress Party won 114 seats.
    (SFC, 10/4/99, p.A12)(WSJ, 10/4/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 10/8/99, p.A1)(Econ, 4/4/09, p.45)
1999        Oct 3, In Peru 9 soldiers were killed in a weekend clash with some 60 Maoist guerrillas in the central jungle.
    (SFC, 10/6/99, p.C16)
1999        Oct 3, Veselin Boskovic, the brother-in-law of former deputy PM Vuk Draskovic, was killed when a truck swerved in front of a convoy of cars 25 miles southeast of Belgrade. A 2nd car with bodyguards hit the truck and exploded. The truck driver escaped. Draskovic was not injured and called the accident an assassination attempt.
    (WSJ, 10/7/99, p.A22)
1999        Oct 3, In Sierra Leone Foday Sankoh returned home with former junta leader Johnny Paul Koroma and met with Pres. Ahmed Tejan Kabbah. Sankoh gave a radio speech and pleaded for forgiveness.
    (SFC, 10/4/99, p.A16)

1999        Oct 4, It was reported that Edmund T. Pratt, an ex-Pfizer executive, planned to donate $35 million to endow the Duke Univ. School of Engineering.
    (SFC, 10/4/99, p.A3)
1999        Oct 4, An Illinois jury ordered State Farm to pay $456 million to 4.7 million customers in a lawsuit accusing the nation’s largest car insurer of using inferior parts for auto body repairs. Four days later, the judge ruled State Farm had committed fraud, and awarded $730 million in actual and punitive damages on top of the jury verdict. State Farm appealed.
    (SFC, 10/8/99, p.A3)(SFC, 10/9/99, p.A3)(AP, 10/4/00)
1999        Oct 4, MCI WorldCom planned to acquire Sprint Corp. for over $100 billion. The deal was quashed in 2000.
    (SFC, 10/5/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 6/28/00, p.A1)
1999        Oct 4, The UN Security Council approved a one-time increase in oil sales for Iraq from $5.26 billion to $8.3 billion.
    (WSJ, 10/5/99, p.A1)
1999        Oct 4, Israeli PM Ehud Barak and Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat agreed on terms for the first safe route between the West Bank and Gaza Strip.
    (SFC, 10/5/99, p.A11)
1999        Oct 4, In Russia Prime Minister Putin planned to resettle thousands of Chechens in areas under Russian control, an indication that Moscow planned to split Chechnya in two. Chechen fighters shot down a Russian Sukhoi-24 warplane that was searching for another downed plane.
    (SFC, 10/5/99, p.A10)(SFC, 10/6/99, p.A10)
1999        Oct 4, In South Korea radioactive water leaked inside a nuclear power plant in Wolsung and exposed 22 workers to small amounts of radiation.
    (SFC, 10/6/99, p.A11)

1999        Oct 5, It was announced that MCI WorldCom Incorporated had agreed to pay $115 billion for Sprint Corporation.
    (AP, 10/5/00)
1999        Oct 5, Initial indictments in the Russian money-laundering scheme were handed up. A former bank of NY vice president, her husband, and a Russian business associate were accused of conspiracy to transmit about $7 billion illegally.
    (WSJ, 10/6/99, p.A1)
1999        Oct 5, In London 2 morning commuter trains collided near Paddington Station and 31 people were killed. At least 70 people were later feared dead and some estimates reached over 100. It was later confirmed that one train ran a red light. 64 people remained unaccounted for.
    (SFC, 10/6/99, p.A10)(SFC, 10/7/99, p.A15)(SFC, 10/9/99, p.A10)(AP, 10/5/04)
1999        Oct 5, In Chechnya Russian troops seized the northern third of the country. A suspected Russian artillery shell hit a busload of people and killed 40 people, mostly women and children.
    (SFC, 10/6/99, p.A10)(SFC, 10/8/99, p.A12)
1999        Oct 5, Kofi Annan presented a UN plan to take full control of East Timor and guide the territory to nationhood over 2-3 years.
    (SFC, 10/6/99, p.A10)
1999        Oct 5, In Kosovo at least one Serb was killed when ethnic Albanians attacked a Russian-Serb convoy. The Albanians had gathered for the funeral of 18-28 countrymen found in a mass grave the previous week.
    (SFC, 10/6/99, p.C16)
1999        Oct 5, In Mexico flooding from Tropical Depression No. 11 killed at least 83 people in ten states including 42 in Puebla after 7 rivers overflowed following heavy rains. The death toll soon reached at least 342. A large mudslide in Teziutlan left 72 confirmed dead and 30 people missing. The Catholic Church expected the toll to reach near 600.
    (SFC, 10/6/99, p.A16)(SFC, 10/7/99, p.A15)(SFC, 10/8/99, p.A1)(SFC, 10/9/99, p.A10)(SFC, 10/11/99, p.A12)(SFC, 10/12/99, p.A11)

1999        Oct 6, The US NFL voted to place an expansion team in Houston after Bob McNair agreed to pay $700 million for a franchise to begin in 2002. This left Los Angeles, the second-largest TV market in the nation, without a football team.
    (SFC, 10/7/99, p.A1)(AP, 10/6/00)
1999        Oct 6, The US introduced a resolution to the UN Security Council calling for the seizure of assets of the Taliban militia and grounding all int'l. flights from Afghanistan until Osama bin Laden is turned over.
    (SFC, 10/7/99, p.A15)
1999        Oct 6, Five clothing designers agreed to settle a class action suit over working conditions in Saipan. They included Ralph Lauren, Philips-Van Heusen, Bryland L.P., Karan Int'l., and Dress Barn.
    (SFC, 10/7/99, p.A3)
1999        Oct 6, The Chechen president called for a holy war against Russia.
    (WSJ, 10/7/99, p.A1)
1999        Oct 6, In East Timor Australian peacekeepers killed 2 anti-independence militia-men near the West Timor border.
    (SFC, 10/7/99, p.C2)
1999        Oct 6, In Ecuador one person died as the Pichincha volcano dumped 5,000 tons of ash over the city of Quito.
    (SFC, 10/7/99, p.C2)
1999        Oct 6, In Mexico, furious rains sent swollen rivers raging through the streets of the Gulf coast city of Villahermosa and caused mudslides; dozens of deaths were reported in eastern Mexico’s coastal mountain ranges.
    (AP, 10/6/00)
1999        Oct 6, Jon Lech Johansen (15) of Norway released DeCSS, a program that allows users to copy DVDs onto computer hard disks.
    (WSJ, 10/13/05, p.A8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DeCSS)
1999        Oct 6, Philippine government officials and Muslim separatists agreed to halt a series of deadly clashes in at least 2 southern provinces, Maguindanao and Sultan Kudarat, and to start formal peace talks.
    (SFC, 10/7/99, p.C2)
1999        Oct 6, Amalia Rodrigues (b.1920), Portuguese actress and fado singer, died at age 79.
    (SFC, 10/11/99, p.A24)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Am%C3%A1lia_Rodrigues)

1999        Oct 7, It was reported that American fighter jets had begun using non-explosive concrete bombs to destroy military targets in northern Iraq.
    (SFC, 10/7/99, p.C20)
1999        Oct 7, In the US the 9th annual National Depression Screening Day was coordinated by the National Mental Health Screening Project.
    (SFC, 10/5/99, p.A6)
1999        Oct 7, American Home Products agreed to pay up to $4.83 billion to settle claims that its fen-phen drug combination caused heart valve problems.
    (SFC, 10/8/99, p.A3)(AP, 10/7/00)
1999        Oct 7, In Chechnya Russian planes bombed the village of Elistanzhi and 32 people were reported killed with 60 injured and 200 houses destroyed.
    (SFC, 10/9/99, p.A10)
1999        Oct 7, In Iran the Asr-e Azadegan began publishing. It replaced the Neshat, which was closed by conservative clerics after 149 editions.
    (SFEC, 10/10/99, p.A26)
1999        Oct 7, In Mexico the Nahuatl village of Acalana was buried under a collapsed mountain killing all but 30 people. As many as 200 people had lived there.
    (SFC, 10/12/99, p.A11)
1999        Oct 7, In Nigeria it was reported that floodgates were opened on the Niger River at 2 dams, Jebba and Shiriro, to prevent Shiriro Lake from overflowing its banks. 400 villages were submerged leaving 300,000 people homeless and some 500 people were estimated to have been drowned.
    (SFC, 10/7/99, p.C2)
1999        Oct 7, In the Philippines Typhoon Dan left at least 7 people dead and thousands of homes flooded. This was the 13th typhoon to hit the Philippines this year.
    (SFC, 10/8/99, p.A14)
1999        Oct 7, Rwanda reported that army troops and Congolese allies had killed over 200 Rwandan Hutu rebels over a weeklong operation along the border where 4,000 Hutu rebels had been based.
    (SFC, 10/9/99, p.A11)

1999        Oct 8, Laila Ali, the 21-year-old daughter of Muhammad Ali, made her professional boxing debut by knocking out opponent April Fowler 31 seconds after the opening bell in Verona, New York.
    (AP, 10/8/00)
1999        Oct 8, Pres. Clinton asked the US Senate to postpone a vote on the global nuclear test ban treaty (CTBT) due to insufficient votes for passage [see Oct 13].
    (SFC, 10/9/99, p.A1)(Econ, 3/14/09, p.64)
1999        Oct 8, President Clinton dedicated a new US embassy in Ottawa, Canada.
    (AP, 10/8/00)
1999        Oct 8, It was reported that the US Congress had approved $1 billion over 20 years for 7 luxury aircraft for the Pentagon's top commanders.
    (SFC, 10/8/99, p.A8)
1999        Oct 8, A damage award to State Farm auto insurance customers swelled to nearly $1.2 billion after a judge in Illinois ruled that the nation’s largest auto insurer committed fraud by using generic auto-body repair parts. The $730 million award of actual and punitive damages came on top of a jury’s $456 million verdict in the same class-action lawsuit.
    (AP, 10/8/00)
1999        Oct 8, In Congo Pres. Kabila ordered foreign businessmen to put down a $500,000 guarantee by Dec. 21 or leave the country. The order came less than a week after he ordered a crackdown on Congo's illegal foreign exchange market, the shutdown of the main commercial district and the arrest of currency traders.
    (SFC, 10/9/99, p.A11)
1999        Oct 8, In London a court ruled that Gen'l. Pinochet can be extradited to Spain for trial on torture and conspiracy charges.
    (SFC, 10/9/99, p.A1)
1999        Oct 8, In Venezuela authorities suspended 122 judges for corruption and incompetence.
    (SFC, 10/9/99, p.A11)

1999        Oct 9,  In boxing’s first sanctioned battle of the sexes, Margaret MacGregor defeated Loi Chow by winning all four rounds on all three judges’ cards in a promotion held in Seattle.
    (AP, 10/9/00)
1999        Oct 9, The UAW and Ford reached a tentative contract agreement that included a 3% raise on top of increases to compensate for inflation.
    (SFEC, 10/10/99, p.A2)
1999        Oct 9, Sea Launch Co. put a Direct TV satellite into orbit in the first sea based launch. Partners included Boeing, Kvaerner Maritime of Norway, and rocket builders from Russia and the Ukraine.
    (SFC, 10/11/99, p.A5)
1999        Oct 9, Milt Jackson, vibraphonist for the Modern Jazz Quartet (MJQ), died at age 76 in Manhattan. His compositions included "Bags' Groove," "Bluesology," and "The Cylinder."
    (SFC, 10/12/99, p.C2)

1999        Oct 10, In Texas 6 college students of Texas A-and-M University were killed just after midnight as they got out of their cars for a party at Tau Kappa Epsilon in College Station. The driver of a pickup had fallen asleep.
    (SFC, 10/11/99, p.A3)(AP, 10/10/00)
1999        Oct 10, Windsor, Nova Scotia, Canada, held its first pumpkin regatta on Lake Pesaquid. Danny Dill, son of Howard Dill, had proposed the pumpkin boating event to help the town capitalize on its history as the birthplace of giant pumpkin growing. In the 1970s Howard Dill had engineered mammoth pumpkins and patented the seed as Dill’s Atlantic Giant.
    (WSJ, 10/20/07, p.A1)(http://tinyurl.com/3y5me4)
1999        Sep 10, It was reported that Canada has 339 species in serious danger of disappearing and no federal legislation for protection of endangered animals.
    (SFC, 9/10/99, p.D4)
1999        Oct 10, Portugal’s governing Socialist Party was returned to power by a comfortable margin in a general election.
    (AP, 10/10/00)

1999        Oct 11, Dr. Guenter Blobel, a German American researcher of Rockefeller Univ., was awarded the Nobel Prize for medicine or physiology for his work on how the body puts addresses on individual proteins so that they arrive at a correct location.
    (SFC, 10/12/99, p.A3)(WSJ, 10/12/99, p.A1)
1999        Oct 11, Gov. Davis signed a California bill that required set a nurse-to-patient ratio of 1:6 beginning Jan 1, 2004. It was the 1st such law in the US. The ratio was to go to 1:5 in 2005.
    (WSJ, 10/12/99, p.AA1)(SFC, 3/4/05, p.A1)
1999        Oct 11, In Chechnya more people fled Russian attacks and Moscow rebuffed a peace overture and demanded that Islamic militants be handed over before any peace settlement.
    (WSJ, 10/12/99, p.A1)
1999        Oct 11, In Paris riot police used tear gas against egg-throwing chefs, who demanded that the government lift a 20.6% tax on restaurant meals.
    (SFC, 10/12/99, p.A1)
1999        Oct 11, In Indonesia the acting attorney general announced that he was halting a yearlong investigation into alleged corruption by former Pres. Suharto due to insufficient evidence for prosecution.
    (SFC, 10/12/99, p.A10)
1999        Oct 11, Israel confirmed that some 400 Jews from Cuba were brought to Israel over the last 5 years in a secret operation.
    (SFC, 10/12/99, p.A8)
1999        Oct 11, In Kosovo a UN employee, Valentin Krumov (38) of Bulgaria, was beaten and shot to death by a group of ethnic Albanian teenagers in Pristina.
    (SFC, 10/13/99, p.A10)
1999        Oct 11, In Portugal the Socialist Party returned to power with a 44% vote in the elections giving them 111 seats in the 230 seat Assembly. The Social Democrats won 32% and got 79 seats.
    (SFC, 10/11/99, p.A16)
1999        Oct 11, South Africa and the European Union signed a free-trade pact.
    (SFC, 10/12/99, p.C16)

1999        Oct 12, Professors Gerardus 't Hooft and Martinus J.G. Veltman of the Netherlands won the Nobel Prize in Physics for the invention of mathematical tools to calculate properties of fundamental particles. From 1981 to his retirement in 1997, Veltman was an active member of the Univ. of Michigan physics department.
    (SFC, 10/13/99, p.A2)(MT, Fall/99, p.7)
1999        Oct 12, Ahmed H. Zewail, an Egyptian chemist at the California Inst. of Tech., won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for finding a way to freeze-frame the private matings of molecules using ultra fast laser probes.
    (SFC, 10/13/99, p.A2)
1999        Oct 12, It was reported that Calvin Klein would soon begin marketing "dirty jeans" for as much as $78 retail.
    (WSJ, 10/12/99, p.A1)
1999        Oct 12, The world population was projected to reach 6 billion. This day was declared by the UN as the Day of 6 Billion. The designated 6 billionth baby was born in Bosnia.
    (SFC, 6/30/99, p.A12)(SFEC, 7/11/99, p.A19)(SFC, 10/12/99, p.A10)   
1999        Oct 12, Wilt Chamberlain, basketball legend and Hall-of-Famer Wilt "The Stilt,"  died at age 63 in Bel Air, Ca.
    (SFC, 10/13/99, p.A1)(AP, 10/12/00)
1999        Oct 12, In Burundi Hutu rebels attacked a UN humanitarian convoy and killed 9 people at the Muzye refugee camp in Rutana.
    (SFC, 10/13/99, p.A10)
1999        Oct 12, In Hong Kong it was reported that a $2.6 billion Cyberport was to be developed beginning in 2001.
    (SFC, 10/12/99, p.A10)
1999        Oct 12, In Pakistan Gen'l. Pervez Musharraf led a military coup after PM Shariff tried to fire him and replace him with Gen'l. Zia Uddin. Musharraf avoided martial law and left the parliament intact. Sharif refused to let a passenger plane land in Karachi with 198 people aboard that included Gen. Musharraf. The coup cut short a Pakistani commando operation set up by the CIA to get Osama bin Laden in Afghanistan. In 2009 the Pakistani Supreme Court acquitted Sharif of hijacking charges.
    (SFC, 10/13/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 10/14/99, p.A21)(SFC, 4/6/00, p.A12)(SFC, 10/3/01, p.A10)(SFC, 7/18/09, p.A2)
1999        Oct 12, Bjorn Soderberg (b.1958), a member of a Swedish far-left union, was shot and killed. Prosecutors said the killing was revenge for the Soderberg's public denouncement of a co-worker who belonged to a neo-Nazi organization. In 2000 three men, including Hampus Hellekant, were convicted in the fatal shooting. Hellekant served 7 years in prison and in 2007 was admitted to the medical school of the Karolinska institute under the name Karl Svensson. He was expelled after 4 months when his former identity was revealed.
    (AP, 1/25/08)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bj%C3%B6rn_S%C3%B6derberg)

1999        Oct 13, Robert A. Mundell (66), a Canadian born professor at Columbia Univ., won the Nobel Prize in Economics for his study of cross-border capital flows, flexible foreign exchange rates, and supply side economics. A 1961 paper by Mundell had pioneered the theory of an “optimal currency area," which later helped shape the euro zone.
    (WSJ, 10/14/99, p.A2)(Econ, 6/13/09, SR p.10)
1999        Oct 13, Pres. Clinton proposed to place 40 million acres of federal forest beyond the reach of loggers, miners and road-builders. He urged the forest service to engage the public in how best to manage and conserve over 50 million acres of the last roadless tracts.
    (SFC, 10/14/99, p.A1)(SFC, 8/9/00, p.A21)   
1999        Oct 13, The US Senate rejected the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban treaty 51-48.
    (SFC, 10/14/99, p.A1)(AP, 10/13/00)
1999        Oct 13, Vice Pres. Al Gore received endorsement from the AFL-CIO for his presidential bid.
    (SFC, 10/13/99, p.A3)
1999        Oct 13, In Boulder, Colorado, the JonBenet Ramsey grand jury was dismissed after 13 months of work with prosecutors saying there wasn’t enough evidence to charge anyone in the six-year-old’s strangulation.
    (AP, 10/13/00)
1999        Oct 13, In Texas 3 Pleasanton law officers, Mark Stephenson, Thomas Monse and Terry Miller were shot and killed by Jeremiah Engleton (21), who had been arrested earlier for beating his wife.
    (SFC, 10/14/99, p.A8)
1999        Oct 13, In Colombia drug police arrested 30 cocaine traffickers including Medellin cartel leader Fabio Ochoa and reputed distribution boss Alejandro Bernal-Madrigal. Some 1,290 traffickers were also arrested in Mexico, Ecuador, the US and other countries over the last 2 weeks.
    (WSJ, 10/14/99, p.A1,22)(SFC, 10/14/99, p.A14)
1999        Oct 13, France legalized same sex unions under legislation called "civil solidarity pacts" pushed through by the Socialist-dominated National Assembly.
    (SFC, 10/14/99, p.A12)
1999        Oct 13, In Georgia gunmen seized 6 UN observers and a translator as they delivered aid to Abkhazia. 4 of the observers were released the next day and the ransom was raised to $350,000. The last of the hostages were released 2 days later.
    (SFC, 10/14/99, p.A14)(SFC, 10/15/99, p.D3)(SFC, 10/16/99, p.A16)
1999        Oct 13, In Indonesia the military chief, Gen'l. Wiranto, was picked by Golkar as the running mate to Pres. Habibie.
    (WSJ, 10/14/99, p.A1,23)

1999        Oct 14, President Clinton accused Senate Republicans of recklessness and irresponsibility for defeating the nuclear test ban treaty, and pledged the United States would refrain from testing despite the treaty’s rejection.
    (AP, 10/14/00)
1999        Oct 14, At Cape Canaveral, Florida, Launch Complex 41, built in 1945, was destroyed to make way for Atlas V rockets.
    (SFC, 10/15/99, p.A3)
1999        Oct 14, Hurricane Irene drenched Cuba and proceeded to the Florida keys.
    (SFC, 10/15/99, p.D4)
1999        Oct 14, In Bosnia 4 NATO soldiers were injured as they attempted to seize weapons in the divided city of Mostar.
    (SFC, 10/15/99, p.D3)
1999        Oct 14, In Chechnya the Russians pressed an offensive below the Terek River as the Chechens rallied in Grozny.
    (WSJ, 10/15/99, p.A1)
1999        Oct 14, In Indonesia Pres. Habibie gave a speech lauding his accomplishments as security forces fought back demonstrators.
    (SFC, 10/15/99, p.A14)
1999        Oct 14, Israel released 151 Palestinian prisoners as part of the interim peace accord signed Sept. 4.
    (SFC, 10/15/99, p.D3)
1999        Oct 14, Japan’s Sumitomo and Sakura Banks announced merger plans. In 2001 they fused into Sumitomo Mitsui.
    (WSJ, 10/15/99, p.A10)(Econ, 5/20/06, Survey p.22)
1999        Oct 14, Former Tanzanian Pres. Julius Nyerere (77) died in London from a massive stroke. He was called Mwalimu, the Swahili word for teacher.
    (SFC, 10/14/99, p.A14)(SFC, 10/15/99, p.D7)

1999        Oct 15, The US stock market Dow Jones average dropped 266.9 points, 2.6%, to 10,019.71. It was the largest % drop since Oct 13, 1989.
    (SFC, 10/16/99, p.A1)
1999        Oct 15, The French organization "Doctors Without Borders" (Medecins Sans Frontieres) won the Nobel Peace Prize.
    (SFC, 10/16/99, p.A1)
1999        Oct 15, Hurricane Irene hit southern Florida and 5 people were electrocuted by down power lines in Miami.
    (SFC, 10/16/99, p.A3)
1999        Oct 15, In China The People's Daily published an order that demanded that "foreign organizations or individuals using encryption products or equipment containing encryption technology in China must apply" for permission by Jan 31.
    (WSJ, 1/25/00, p.A10)
1999        Oct 15, In Indonesia thousands of anti-Habibie demonstrators fought police and pressured the official assembly to go forward with reforms.
    (SFC, 10/16/99, p.A14)
1999        Oct 15, Irish tenor Josef Locke, whose life inspired the 1992 film "Hear My Song," died in County Kildare, Ireland, at age 82.
    (AP, 10/15/00)
1999        Oct 15, In Kosovo Some 100 people were injured as they tried to force their way against NATO forces across a bridge in Mitrovica to the Serb half of town.
    (SFC, 10/16/99, p.A12)
1999        Oct 15, In Pakistan Gen'l. Pervez Musharraf declared a state of emergency and suspended the constitution.
    (SFC, 10/15/99, p.A1)

1999        Oct 16, A New York Air National Guard plane rescued Dr. Jerri Nielsen from a South Pole research center after she’d spent five months isolated by the Antarctic winter, which forced her to treat herself for a breast lump.
    (AP, 10/16/00)
1999        Oct 16, Hurricane Irene rumbled up the US East Coast.
    (AP, 10/16/00)   
1999        Oct 16, A 7.0 earthquake, centered near Joshua Tree, Ca., struck in the Mohave Desert. An Amtrak train was derailed, but there were no deaths.
    (SFEC, 10/17/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 10/18/99, p.A1)
1999        Oct 16, Jean Shepherd, radio personality, died in Sanibel, Florida, at age 78. His syndicated PBS TV programs included "Jean Shepherd's America" and "Shepherd's Pie."
    (SFEC, 10/17/99, p.D10)(AP, 10/16/00)
1999        Oct 16, In Afghanistan the Taliban rejected the UN ultimatum to surrender Osama bin Laden and castigated the UN for threatening sanctions.
    (SFEC, 10/17/99, p.A22)
1999        Oct 16, The 1st graduate class of the Kosovo Police Service School was honored in Pristina.
    (SFEC, 10/17/99, p.A21)

1999        Oct 17, US negotiators proposed to Russia an alteration to the 1972 ABM treaty to allow construction of defensive systems.
    (SFC, 10/18/99, p.A5)
1999        Oct 17, The FBI reported that serious crimes reported to police declined for seventh straight year in 1998 and murder and robbery rates reached 30-year lows.
    (AP, 10/17/00)
1999        Oct 17, Former nurse Orville Lynn Majors was convicted of murdering six patients at a western Indiana hospital; the jury deadlocked on a seventh count. Major is serving a 360-year prison sentence.
    (AP, 10/17/00)
1999        Oct 17, In Niger the 1st round of the presidential election was held.
    (WSJ, 10/18/99, p.A1)
1999        Oct 17, In Pakistan Gen'l. Musharraf announced a unilateral reduction of troops on the India border, the establishment of a military-technocrat ruling council, and an eventual return to civilian rule. He unveiled a 7-point agenda to save the nation.
    (SFC, 10/18/99, p.A10)(http://tinyurl.com/ruuth)
1999        Oct 17, In Yemen Abu Hassan, "a nom de guerre" for the head of the Islamic Army of Aden and Abyan, was executed.
    (SFC, 10/29/00, p.A10)

1999        Oct 18, The New York Yankees won a record 36th pennant, beating the Boston Red Sox 6-to-1 in Game Five of the American League Championship Series.
    (WSJ, 10/21/99, p.A1)(AP, 10/18/00)
1999        Oct 18, Career prosecutor Robert Ray was sworn in as the Whitewater Prosecutor to replace Independent Counsel Kenneth Starr and wrap up the wide-ranging investigation of President Clinton and First Lady Hillary Rodham Clinton.
    (WSJ, 10/19/99, p.A1)(AP, 10/18/00)
1999        Oct 18, A US presidential panel recommended that Navy gunnery on the Vieques Island of Puerto Rico be reduced and abandoned in 5 years.
    (WSJ, 10/19/99, p.A1)
1999        Oct 18, In Botswana election results showed the ruling Botswana Democratic Party of Pres. Festus Mogae won 30 of 40 seats in the National Assembly.
    (SFC, 10/19/99, p.A13)
1999        Oct 18, In Indonesia Gen. Wiranto turned down Pres. Habibie's offer for the vice-presidency.
    (WSJ, 10/19/99, p.A1)
1999        Oct 18, Nelson Mandela visited Israel for the 1st time in an effort to end enmity between the Jewish state and the African National Congress. Israel had supported the apartheid government in South Africa.
    (SFC, 10/19/99, p.A13)
1999        Oct 18, In Nuevo Laredo, Mexico, an explosion in a candy store that sold illegal fireworks killed at least 5 people.
    (SFC, 10/20/99, p.B3)
1999        Oct 18, In Sierra Leone US Sec. Albright paid a visit and promised $55 million in US aid and $65 million in debt forgiveness, conditioned on the implementation of an IMF economic program.
    (SFC, 10/19/99, p.A11)

1999        Oct 19, The Atlanta Braves won the National League pennant by beating the New York Mets, 10-to-9, in Game Six of their championship series.
    (AP, 10/19/00)
1999        Oct 19, Legislation to overhaul US campaign finance laws fell to a filibuster by Senate Republicans for the fourth straight year.
    (AP, 10/19/00)
1999        Oct 19, Martha Stewart Living Omnimedia began trading on Wall Street with 7.2 million shares at 18. It closed at 35.56. World Wrestling also made its debut with 10 million shares at 17. It closed at 25.25.
    (SFC, 10/20/99, p.A1)
1999        Oct 19, A 2-year Rand analysis concluded that the drug pyridostigmine bromide could not be excluded as a contributor to Gulf War syndrome. The drug was an experimental nerve gas antidote given to as many as 300,000 US troops during the Persian gulf war.
    (SFC, 10/19/99, p.A1)
1999        Oct 19, In Cambodia Prime Minister Hun Sen reportedly gave his approval for a tribunal to hear genocide charges against the Khmer Rouge.
    (SFC, 10/20/99, p.A10)
1999        Oct 19, In East Timor refugees were returning at the rate of 500 per hour and 17,000 were expected by the end of the day.
    (SFC, 10/20/99, p.A10)
1999        Oct 19, In Germany tens of thousands of workers marched through Berlin to protest the government's austerity budget and the pay gap between workers in the east and west.
    (SFC, 10/20/99, p.B3)
1999        Oct 19, In eastern India residents of the state of Orissa cleaned up after a cyclone killed at least 79 people and injured over 1000.
    (SFC, 10/20/99, p.B3)
1999        Oct 19, In Indonesia the People's Consultative Assembly relinquished the national claim to East Timor.
    (SFC, 10/20/99, p.A1)
1999        Oct 19, In Nigeria US Sec. of State Albright recommended that US aid to the country be increase 4 times the current level. The extradition of drug lords as also discussed with Pres. Obasanjo.
    (SFC, 10/20/99, p.B3)
1999        Oct 19, Puerto Rico Gov. Pedro Rossello told a US congressional committee that live firing exercises on Vieques could not be resumed.
    (SFC, 10/20/99, p.A7)

1999        Oct 20, The US government laid out new rules to protect children’s privacy on the Internet and to shield them from commercial e-mail.
    (AP, 10/20/00)
1999        Oct 20, Elizabeth Dole quit the US presidential race and her Republican bid to be America’s first woman president due to insufficient campaign funds.
    (SFC, 10/21/99, p.A1)(AP, 10/20/00)
1999        Oct 20, The Cold War (1951-1977) locations of nuclear weapons minus their nuclear charges was partly revealed in a 1978 top secret Pentagon document titled "History of the Custody and Deployment of Nuclear Weapons."
    (SFC, 10/20/99, p.A7)
1999        Oct 20, In France it was reported that Maurice Papon (89), convicted for collaboration with the Nazis, had fled the country.
    (SFC, 10/21/99, p.A12)
1999        Oct 20, In Indonesia Pres. Habibie withdrew his bid for re-election. The People's Consultative Assembly voted Abdurrahhman Wahid as the new president. Followers of Megawati Sukarnoputri immediately rioted.
    (SFC, 10/20/99, p.A1)(SFC, 10/21/99, p.A1)
1999        Oct 20, In Israel Netanyahu's home was raided by police as part of a corruption inquiry.
    (WSJ, 10/21/99, p.A1)

1999        Oct 21, Organizers called for a "Jam Echelon Day," an effort to overload US National Security Agency (NSA) supercomputers with e-mail containing words such as "bomb." Echelon was a worldwide surveillance network run by the NSA and partners in Britain, Australia, Canada and New Zealand.
    (SFEC, 11/14/99, p.A7)
1999        Oct 21, The US Justice Dept. sued the city of Columbus, Ohio, for a pattern of civil rights violations by the police.
    (WSJ, 10/22/99, p.A1)
1999        Oct 21, In Chechnya Russian rockets hit and market and 2 other sites in Grozny and as many as 140 people were killed.
    (SFC, 10/22/99, p.A1)(SFC, 10/23/99, p.A10)
1999        Oct 21, In East Timor Jose Alexandre "Xanana" Gusmao, the exiled guerrilla leader, returned to Dili.
    (SFC, 10/22/99, p.B2)
1999        Oct 21, France’s highest court upheld the conviction of Maurice Papon, the former Vichy official who had fled France rather than face prison for his role in sending Jews to Nazi death camps; Papon was captured in Switzerland and deported the following day to begin a 10-year sentence.
    (AP, 10/21/00)(AP, 9/18/02)
1999        Oct 21, It was reported that a French-led expedition chopped clear the fully preserved carcass of a 20 thousand-year-old woolly mammoth, the "Jarkov Mammoth," from the permafrost of Siberia at Khatanga, Russia.
    (SFC, 10/21/99, p.A1)
1999        Oct 21, In Indonesia the People's Consultative Assembly voted 396 to 284 for Megawati Sukarnoputri as vice president over Hamzah Haz. The vote came after Gen. Wiranto dropped his candidacy.
    (SFC, 10/22/99, p.A16)
1999        Oct 21, In Palestine a West Bank fire killed 16 women making cigarette lighters in an unlicensed Hebron facility.
    (WSJ, 10/22/99, p.A1)
1999        Oct 21, In Taiwan a 6.4 earthquake was centered near Chiayi.
    (SFC, 10/22/99, p.B4)(SFC, 10/23/99, p.A11)
1999        Oct 21, In Turkey Ahmet Taner Kislali (60), a columnist for the pro-secular newspaper Cumhuriyet, died from a bomb placed on his car windshield.
    (SFC, 10/22/99, p.B6)
1999        Oct 21, In Venezuela corruption cases against 2 former presidents, Carlos Andres Perez and Jaime Lusinchi, were reopened.
    (SFC, 10/22/99, p.B4)

1999        Oct 22, The book "Fortunate Son: George W. Bush and the Making of an American President," by J.H. Hatfield (d.2001), was recalled by St. Martin's Press after the publisher learned that the author was a convicted felon in a 1987 car bombing attempt. A 2nd edition was published in 2001.
    (SFC, 10/23/99, p.A5)(SSFC, 8/5/01, DB p.60)
1999        Oct 22, Five of the 7 Republican presidential hopefuls met in New Hampshire for their first debate of the 2000 nomination race, with front-runner George W. Bush notably absent.
    (AP, 10/22/04)
1999        Oct 22, The US government announced one of the biggest toys recalls ever, advising parents to remove the batteries from their kids’ "Power Wheels" cars and trucks, made by Fisher-Price, because of faulty wiring that could cause them to erupt into flame.
    (AP, 10/22/00)
1999        Oct 22, It was reported that dinosaur fossils, found 4 years ago in Madagascar, may be the oldest known. The creatures were long-necked prosauropods from about 230 million years ago.
    (SFC, 10/22/99, p.A1)
1999        Oct 22, In California Jan Davis (60), co-owner of an aerial photography business in Santa Barbara, plunged to her death during a skydiving stunt from El Capitan in Yosemite. The stunt was to protest the banning of sport parachuting from cliffs in national parks.
    (SFC, 10/23/99, p.A1)
1999        Oct 22, In Bosnia Zeljko Kopanja, editor-in-chief of Nezavisne Novine, lost both legs due to a bomb attack as he opened his car door. He had recently published a series of war time atrocities committed against non-Serbs by Bosnian and Serb forces.
    (SFC, 10/23/99, p.A11)
1999        Oct 22, The Italian missionary news agency MISNA reported that the bodies of 61 civilians were reported found near the Congo village of Kashambi.
    (SFC, 10/23/99, p.A11)
1999        Oct 22, Maurice Papon (89), was arrested in Gstaad, Switzerland, and turned over to French police.
    (SFC, 10/23/99, p.A10)
1999        Oct 22, US Sec. of State Albright visited Kenya and discussed efforts to curb AIDS which was claiming 500 Kenyans a day.
    (SFC, 10/23/99, p.A11)
1999        Oct 22, In Mexico police arrested Jacobo Silva Nogales (41), aka Commandante Antonio, leader of the Revolutionary Army of the Insurgent People, ERPI.
    (SFC, 10/26/99, p.B2)
1999        Oct 22, In Peru 28 school children died near Cuzco after a breakfast of cereal that doctors suspect was prepared in a vat once used to mix pesticides.
    (WSJ, 10/25/99, p.A1)
1999        Oct 22, The UN Security Council voted to send a 6,000 member peacekeeping force to Sierra Leone to safeguard the July 7 peace deal.
    (SFC, 10/23/99, p.A10)

1999        Oct 23, The New York Yankees won the first game of the World Series, beating the Atlanta Braves, 4-to-1. The Yankees went on to sweep the series.
    (AP, 10/23/00)
1999        Oct 23, Rev. Falwell and 200 members of his Baptist Church were scheduled to meet with 200 gay and lesbian religious leaders in Lynchburg, Va.
    (SFC, 10/22/99, p.A1)
1999        Oct 23, A Ku Klux Klan rally was allowed to proceed in NYC with no masks as thousands of counter-demonstrators jeered them. 16 Klansmen and 2 Klan women appeared at Foley Square along with some 6,000 protestors and 2,000 tourists.
    (SFC, 10/23/99, p.A3)(WSJ, 10/26/99, p.A26)(SFEC, 10/24/99, p.A2)(AP, 10/23/00)
1999        Oct 23, Pres. Jiang Zemin of China visited France and signed a $2.5 billion deal that included an order for 28 Airbus planes.
    (SFEC, 10/27/99, p.A28)
1999        Oct 23, In Palermo, Italy, Giulio Andreotti (80), 7 times prime minister, was acquitted of charges that he was the Sicilian Mafia's protector in Rome.
    (SFEC, 10/24/99, p.A17)
1999        Oct 23, In Mexico the first monarch butterflies arrived at sanctuaries in Michoacan in their annual migration.
    (SFC, 11/6/99, p.A24)
1999        Oct 23, Palestine planned to issue a national currency and the IMF estimated that 2 years of preparations would be needed.
    (SFEC, 10/27/99, p.A28)

1999        Oct 24, The New York Yankees took game two of the World Series, defeating the Atlanta Braves, 7-to-2.
    (AP, 10/24/00)
1999        Oct 24, Pat Buchanan and Donald Trump announced that they would seek the Reform Party nomination for president.
    (SFC, 10/25/99, p.A1)
1999        Oct 24, Senator John Chafee (Republican, Rhode Island) died in Maryland at age 77. He was first elected to the state Legislature in 1956 and served 3 terms as governor. He was also a veteran of the Korean War and served as Secretary of the Navy.
    (SFC, 10/26/99, p.A5)(SFEC, 6/25/00, Par p.4)
1999        Oct 24, In Argentina Elections were scheduled with Buenos Aires Gov. Eduardo Duhalde as the candidate for the ruling Peronists. Fernando de la Rua (62) of the center-left Alliance led with a 48% to 38% margin.
    (WSJ, 8/3/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 10/22/99, p.A1)(SFC, 10/25/99, p.A10)(WSJ, 10/26/99, p.A1)
1999        Oct 24, In Chechnya Russian artillery and jet bombers killed at least 27 people during a dawn attack at Serzhen-Yurt.
    (SFC, 10/25/99, p.A12)
1999        Oct 24, In Colombia the government began formal negotiations with the Marxist FARC guerrilla group as millions marched to demand an end to civil war.
    (SFC, 10/25/99, p.A11)(WSJ, 10/25/99, p.A1)
1999        Oct 24, An Israeli court sentenced American teen-ager Samuel Sheinbein to 24 years in prison for killing an acquaintance in Maryland in 1997.
    (AP, 10/24/00)
1999        Oct 24, In Sierra Leone some 100 soldiers were killed over the weekend as the Revolutionary United Front battled former junta soldiers between Makeni and Lunsar.
    (SFC, 10/27/99, p.A13)
1999        Oct 24, In Swiss parliamentary elections the right wing People's Party gained 14 seats in the 200 member lower house for a total of 44.
    (SFC, 10/25/99, p.A11)

1999        Oct 25, The 31st Booker Prize in Literature was won by J.M. Coetzee of South Africa for his novel "Disgrace." He became the 1st author to win the prize twice. He won in 1983 for the novel "Live and Times of Michael K."
    (SFC, 10/26/99, p.G2)
1999        Oct 25, Pres. Clinton signed a $267.7 billion Pentagon spending bill.
    (WSJ, 10/26/99, p.A1)
1999        Oct 25, Republican presidential candidate Pat Buchanan bolted the GOP to mount a bid for the Reform Party nomination.
    (AP, 10/25/00)
1999        Oct 25, Intel introduced its code-named Coppermine chip as the new Pentium III with speeds up to 500 megahertz. The internal circuitry was squeezed to .18 micron.
    (SFC, 10/25/99, p.B1)
1999        Oct 25, It was reported that the chiru, a goat from the high Tibetan plateau, was seriously endangered and down to some 75,000. The animal's hide is used to make expensive shahtoosh shawls.
    (WSJ, 10/25/99, p.A1,15)
1999        Oct 25, Payne Stewart (42), a professional golfer, was killed with 2 agents and 2 pilots when their Lear Jet crashed near Mina, South Dakota. The plane had flown for hours on autopilot before it crashed.
    (SFC, 10/26/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 10/26/99, p.A1)
1999        Oct 25, In Albania Prime Minister Pandeli Majko planned to resign due to his loss to become the Socialist Party leader earlier in the month.
    (SFC, 10/26/99, p.B2)
1999        Oct 25, In Bosnia some 30,000 people streamed into Serajevo to protest for job protection and an end to corruption.
    (SFC, 10/26/99, p.B2)
1999        Oct 25, Mladen Vuksanovic, author of "Pale, a Diary, April-July 1992," written during the first 100 days of Bosnia rule by Radowan Karadzic, died at age 57 in Croatia.
    (SFC, 10/26/99, p.B4)
1999        Oct 25, Iraq reported that 2 civilians were killed and 7 people wounded when US and British jets attacked sites in the northern no-fly zone.
    (SFC, 10/26/99, p.B2)
1999        Oct 25, Israel opened a 34-mile safe-passage corridor from the Gaza Strip to the West Bank as Pres. Barak visited Turkey to boost military cooperation and economic ties.
    (SFC, 10/26/99, p.A10,B2)
1999        Oct 25, An Israeli soldier shot and killed a Palestinian souvenir vendor, Mousa Abu Hilail, near Rachel's tomb. Two days of rioting followed.
    (SFC, 10/27/99, p.A13)
1999        Oct 25, In Kashmir Indian troops killed 4 Pakistani soldiers with artillery and small arms in the mountainous Uri sector.
    (SFC, 10/27/99, p.C2)
1999        Oct 25, In Kyrgyzstan 4 Japanese geologists were freed after 2 months of captivity. A $2-5 million ransom was suspected.
    (SFC, 10/27/99, p.A13)
1999        Oct 25, In Pakistan Gen. Musharraf announced that he would head the formation of a 7-person National Security Council to run the country until elections.
    (SFC, 10/26/99, p.A12)
1999        Oct 25, In Tunisia Pres. Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali won a 3rd term in office with over 99% of the vote. It was the nation's first multiparty presidential vote.
    (SFC, 10/26/99, p.B2)
1999        Oct 25, The UN Security Council voted to send 8,950 peacekeepers, 1,640 police officers and 200 military observers to oversee the East Timor transition to independence.
    (SFC, 10/26/99, p.A10)

1999        Oct 26, The New York Yankees beat the Atlanta Braves, 6-to-5, to take a three-games-to-none lead in the World Series.
    (AP, 10/26/00)
1999        Oct 26, The US CIA agreed to give Germany copies of some 32,000 files that belonged to the Stasi, the former East German intelligence service. The CIA acquired the files in 1989.
    (SFC, 10/27/99, p.A13)
1999        Oct 26, The WSJ replaced Chevron, Good Year, Union Carbide and Sears with Intel, Microsoft, Home Depot and SBC Communications in the Dow Jones Index effective Nov 1.
    (SFC, 10/27/99, p.A1)
1999        Oct 26, The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention released a study which said the number of Americans considered obese soared from about one in eight in 1991 to nearly one in five in 1998.
    (AP, 10/26/00)
1999        Oct 26, Stanford Univ. announced that James H. Clark, co-founder of Netscape, had donated $150 million for biomedical engineering research.
    (WSJ, 10/27/99, p.B4)
1999        Oct 26, In Britain the upper house of Parliament agreed to abolish the right of over 700 hereditary peers to sit and vote in the House of Lords. By 2006 the total number of Lords had fallen from 1,300 to 700.
    (SFC, 10/27/99, p.A12)(Econ, 2/11/06, p.51)
1999        Oct 26, In China police arrested Falun Gong protestors in Tiananmen Square during a 2nd day of protests by the spiritual group.
    (SFC, 10/27/99, p.C2)
1999        Oct 26, In the Netherlands the Parliament overturned a 1912 ban on brothels.
    (SFC, 10/27/99, p.A13)

1999        Oct 27, The New York Yankees won their second straight World Series sweep, defeating the Atlanta Braves in game four, 4-to-1.
    (SFC, 10/28/99, p.A1)(AP, 10/27/00)
1999        Oct 27, The Clinton administration authorized the first direct military training for opponents of Iraqi Pres. Saddam Hussein.
    (SFC, 10/28/99, p.A13)
1999        Oct 27, The US federal budget surplus was put at $122.7 billion in 1998, marking the first back-to-back surpluses since the 1950’s.
    (SFC, 10/28/99, p.A6)(AP, 10/27/00)
1999        Oct 27, In the first debate of the Democratic presidential race, Al Gore sought to stem his decline in the polls by attacking rival Bill Bradley’s health care and spending plans.
    (AP, 10/27/00)   
1999        Oct 27, In Afghanistan opposition soldiers advanced on Mazar-e-Sharif following the desertion of a Taliban commander and 500 men.
    (SFC, 10/28/99, p.D14)
1999        Oct 27, In Armenia gunmen burst into the parliament and killed Prime Minister Vazgen Sarkisian and 7 other officials. They then took a number of hostages and declared their intent to topple the government.
    (SFC, 10/28/99, p.A1)
1999        Oct 27, In Chechnya Russian warplanes and artillery closed in on Grozny and 100 people were killed and some 200 wounded.
    (SFC, 10/28/99, p.A12)
1999        Oct 27, In China members of the Falun Gong continued to descend on Beijing in an effort to press the government to reverse its condemnation.
    (SFC, 10/28/99, p.A12)
1999        Oct 27, In Indonesia Marzuki Darusman, the new attorney general, announced a new corruption inquiry into former Pres. Suharto.
    (SFC, 10/28/99, p.D14)
1999        Oct 27, In Kazakstan a Proton-K booster rocket with a Russian communications satellite crashed during takeoff at the Baikonur cosmodrome and all launches were cancelled. 
    (SFC, 10/29/99, p.D3)
1999        Oct 27, In Pec, Kosovo, Albanians attacked a convoy of Serbs trying to leave the province and set vehicles afire. Several Serbs were missing.
    (WSJ, 10/28/99, p.A1)
1999        Oct 27, In Lithuania Prime Minister Rolandas Paksas resigned in protest over the Cabinet’s 11-3 vote in favor of the sale of Mazeikiai Oil to US based Williams Int'l. Williams spent $75 million for a 33% stake and operating control of the gas refinery at Mazeikiai. Williams transferred its interest to a Russian firm.
    (SFC, 10/28/99, p.D14)(WSJ, 8/2/01, p.A10)(Econ, 1/17/04, p.57)
1999        Oct 27, Serb police seized a large cache of forged dinars and claimed that a US sponsored "monetary coup" was foiled.
    (WSJ, 10/28/99, p.A1)

1999        Oct 28, Five Republican presidential hopefuls debated such issues as abortion, health care and taxes in their second meeting in less than a week; once again, front-runner George W. Bush was absent from the gathering in New Hampshire.
    (AP, 10/28/00)
1999        Oct 28, The House passed, 218-to-211, the last spending bill of the year, which President Clinton said he would veto.
    (AP, 10/28/00)
1999        Oct 28, A new $970 million Harrah's casino opened in New Orleans with no hotel and just one 250-seat eatery. Some of the costs included funds for a failed temporary operation. A $100 million annual tax payment to the state was part of the operating deal. Bankruptcy threatened operations one year later.
    (WSJ, 10/28/99, p.B1)(SFC, 12/7/00, p.B12)
1999        Oct 28, Two Navy Blue Angel aviators, Kieron O'Connor (35) and Kevin Colling (32), were killed when their F/A-18 Hornet crashed during a training flight near Moody Air Force Base in Georgia. 23 pilots have died at shows or training since the group was formed in 1946.
    (SFC, 10/29/99, p.A3)(WSJ, 10/29/99, p.A1)
1999        Oct 28, Harvard Medical School reported that drug resistant TB had been found in 104 countries and required $1 billion for control. In Russia some 100,000 inmates had TB with 40% drug-resistant.
    (SFC, 10/29/99, p.A9)
1999        Oct 28, In Armenia the assassins of the prime minister surrendered following negotiations with Pres. Robert Kocharian. Nairi Unanian, his younger brother Karen, their uncle Vram Galstian were 3 of the 5 arrested.
    (SFC, 10/28/99, p.A1)(SFC, 10/29/99, p.A14)
1999        Oct 28, China Netcom Corp. began operations. It was formed earlier in the year by several government agencies as a competitor to the state-owned telecom monopoly, China Telecom Corp. Jiang Mianheng, the son of Jiang Zemin, was one of the 5-member board of directors.
    (WSJ, 10/28/99, p.A21)(WSJ, 11/1/99, p.A1)
1999        Oct 28, In Kashmir separatist militants fired 6 rocket-propelled grenades at the main government building in the capital and 3 people were killed and 28 injured.
    (SFC, 10/29/99, p.D3)
1999        Oct 28, Mauritania established full diplomatic relations with Israel.
    (SFC, 10/29/99, p.D3)
1999        Oct 28, Russian soldiers battled Chechen fighters for control of Yastrebinaya Hill, which overlooked Grozny. Chechen Pres. Makhashev said that 223 civilians had been killed in the last 2 days.
    (SFC, 10/29/99, p.D4)
1999        Oct 28, In Yemen 3 Americans, Marta R. Colburn and her parents, were freed after being held for 2 days by tribesmen, who demanded the release of 25 suspects held for an attack on an oil pipeline.
    (SFC, 10/28/99, p.A12)

1999        Oct 29, In Cleveland, Ohio, 4 white 9th grade students at South High, ages 14-15, were arrested for planning a Columbine-styled racial massacre.
    (SFC, 10/30/99, p.A3)(SFC, 11/1/99, p.A3)
1999        Oct 29, Some 3,000 people attended a memorial service in Orlando, Florida, for golfer Payne Stewart, who was killed along with 5 other people in the crash of their Learjet.
    (AP, 10/29/00)
1999        Oct 29, In Upper Austria police arrested 8 unidentified ringleaders of a neo-Nazi group that planned a political coup.
    (SFC, 10/30/99, p.A13)
1999        Oct 29, In eastern India hundreds of people in Orissa state and the Bay of Bengal region were feared dead from 05B, the 2nd cyclone in 2 weeks. The number of dead was estimated to reach 3,000 and 1.5 million people were homeless. The official dead toll reached 924 on Nov 4. At least 8,000 people were killed around the port city of Paradeep, where the storm made first landfall. The death toll was predicted to climb past 10,000. 9,813 death were recorded and the government stopped free rice distribution after about 3 weeks.
    (SFC, 10/30/99, p.A14)(SFC, 11/1/99, p.A11)(SFC, 11/5/99, p.D4)(SFC, 11/6/99, p.A24)(SFC, 11/10/99, p.A11)(SFC, 11/25/99, p.D6)
1999        Oct 29, In Chechnya Russian warplanes and artillery launched fierce strikes and 25 refugees were killed while trying to flee the assaults.
    (SFC, 10/30/99, p.A12)(SFEC, 10/31/99, p.A26)
1999        Oct 29, In Chile a court charged 7 retired military officers, including Gen. Hugo Salas, for the kidnapping and killing of 7 leftists of the Manuel Rodriguez Patriotic Front during the rule of Gen. Pinochet.
    (SFC, 10/30/99, p.A13)
1999        Oct 29, In Colombia it was reported that Luis Eduardo Garavito (42) had confessed to the abduction and killing of some 140 children over a 5-year period. In Dec. Garavito was convicted and sentenced to 52 years in prison for the 1996 murder of one boy and raping another.
    (SFC, 10/30/99, p.A14)(SFC, 12/18/99, p.A20)
1999        Oct 29, An EU Commission ruled that British beef was safe to eat despite French arguments for a ban to guard against mad cow disease.
    (SFC, 10/30/99, p.A12)
1999        Oct 29, In Lebanon Israeli warplanes and artillery blasted the southern region after Guerrilla attacks killed 2 Israeli-allied militiamen.
    (SFC, 10/30/99, p.A13)

1999        Oct 30, In China the government approved new laws against superstitious sects and secret societies with prison terms of 7 years or more.
    (SFC, 11/1/99, p.A11)
1999        Oct 30, In Kenya it was reported that thousands of residents were feared to have been exposed to radiation from a thorium compound used in roadway construction materials in Msambweni.
    (SFC, 10/30/99, p.A8)
1999        Oct 30, In Mexico police reported that Juan Jose Quintero Payan (57), a Juarez Cartel boss, was arrested in Guadalajara.
    (SFC, 11/1/99, p.A13)
1999        Oct 30, In Inchon, South Korea, a fire killed 54 young people, mostly teenagers, at a karaoke bar. Another 75 were injured.
    (SFEC, 10/31/99, p.A2)

1999        Oct 31, Jesse Martin of Australia became the youngest person to circumnavigate the globe, sailing solo, non-stop and unsupported. He sailed from Melbourne, Australia, on December 8, 1998 aged 18 years 104 days and returned on October 31 1999, taking 327 days 12 hours 52 minutes.
    (AP, 8/27/09)
1999        Oct 31, The pagan Celts of Britain and Ireland celebrated Samhain on October 31 as the end of the season of the sun and the beginning of the season of darkness. It was believed that on this day the souls of the dead revisited their homes. Bonfires were lit to chase away evil spirits. When the Romans conquered Britain in the first century A.D., their fall harvest festival, Poloma Day, mixed with the traditions of Samhain to form a major fall festival at the end of October.
    (HNPD, 10/31/99)
1999        Oct 31, An EgyptAir jetliner, Flight 990, enroute from New York to Cairo crashed off Nantucket Island and all 217 people aboard were killed. Captains Ahmed al-Habashy and Raouf Noureldin were at the controls. Relief pilot Gamil al-Batouti (59), the father of five, was suspected to have caused the crash. In 2002 the National Transportation Safety Board reported that el-Batouty was solely responsible for the crash.
    (SFC, 11/1/99, p.A1)(SFC, 11/16/99, p.A3)(SFC, 11/17/99, p.A1)(SFC, 11/18/99, p.C5)(SFC, 3/15/02, p.A3)
1999        Oct 31, In East Timor the last 900 Indonesian soldiers departed. Indonesian forces had burned about 80% of East Timor’s government buildings and infrastructure following the vote for independence.
    (SFEC, 10/31/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 6/10/04, p.A1)
1999        Oct 31, In Augsburg, Germany, leaders of the Roman Catholic and modern Lutheran Churches signed the Augsburg Accord, a "Joint Declaration on the Doctrine of Justification," in a step toward reconciliation. The accord gave weight to the Lutheran position on salvation through faith and embraced the Catholic ethic of earthly service.
    (SFC, 11/1/99, p.A11,12)
1999        Oct 31, In Macedonia elections Tito Petkovski, representing the former communist Social Democratic Party, led with 38% of the vote vs. Boris Trajkovski (VMRO) with 24.6%. A runoff was scheduled in 2 weeks.
    (SFC, 11/2/99, p.A14)
1999        cOct 31, In Sudan 25 Sudanese fighters were massacred by rival militiamen when they arrived for talks with Paulino Matep at Benitu.
    (SFC, 11/4/99, p.A18)
1999        Oct 31, In Ukraine elections were held and Pres. Kuchma was favored. Kuchma came in 1st with 36.5% of the vote vs. Communist leader Petro Symonenko with 22.2%. A runoff was scheduled in 2 weeks.
    (WSJ, 10/29/99, p.A1)(SFC, 11/1/99, p.A13)(SFC, 11/2/99, p.A14)
1999        Oct 31, In Uruguay Tabare Vazquez, the former mayor of Montevideo, led the presidential vote with 38% against 31% for Jorge Batlle of the ruling Colorado Party. A runoff Nov 28 runoff was planned.
    (SFC, 11/1/99, p.A13)

1999        Oct, The plum pox virus made its first appearance in North America in Pennsylvania orchards.
    (SFC, 11/27/99, p.A20)
1999        Oct, In Iraq religious vigilantes killed a college student as he chatted with his girlfriend at a Tigris River promenade in northern Baghdad. Over the next 3 months 18 more young men were killed with one bullet to the head. In Jan police arrested 4 men for the slayings.
    (SFC, 1/10/00, p.A14)
1999        Oct, In Nigeria hundreds of civilians were killed by soldiers in Benue. In 2002 Pres. Obasanjo acknowledged that he ordered the military operations.
    (SFC, 9/12/02, p.A4)
1999        Oct, Igor Sutyagin, a Russian scholar, was arrested on charges that he sold information on nuclear submarines and missile warning systems to a British company, that Russian investigators said was a CIA cover. Sutyagin was found guilty of espionage in 2004.
    (SFC, 4/6/04, p.A6)
1999        Oct, The policy manual for South Africa’s national prosecuting authority was released. The authority took over cases that left over from the Truth and Reconciliation Commission.
    (www.iss.co.za/Pubs/Monographs/No53/Chap4.html)(Econ, 8/4/07, p.41)

1999        Nov 1, Pres. Clinton met with Middle East leaders in Oslo.
    (SFC, 11/1/99, p.A13)
1999        Nov 1, Coast Guard crews searching for clues in the crash of EgyptAir Flight 990, which claimed 217 lives, found the first large piece of wreckage off the New England coast.
    (AP, 11/1/00)
1999        Nov 1, Former Chicago Bear NFL star Walter Payton died at age 45 from a rare cancer of the bile duct. He made the NFL Hall of Fame in 1993.
    (SFC, 11/2/99, p.A1,15)
1999        Nov 1, A new Beijing Int’l. Airport opened.
    (Hem, 8/02, p.34)
1999        Nov 1, In China a 5.6 earthquake shook Shanxi and Hebei provinces and some 20,000 people were left homeless.
    (SFC, 11/13/99, p.D8)
1999        Nov 1, In Bad Reichenhall, Germany, a teenage gunman and his sister were found dead after commandos stormed the house from which the boy had shot and killed 2 pedestrians and injured 8 others.
    (SFC, 11/2/99, p.A14)
1999        Nov 1, In Hong Kong Disney announced a new theme park. Hong Kong will put up $2.88 billion and have a 57% stake.
    (SFC, 11/2/99, p.A14)
1999        Nov 1, In Lebanon Israeli warplanes fired some 2 dozen missiles at 6 Hezbollah targets in Iqlim al-Tuffah.
    (SFC, 11/2/99, p.A14)
1999        Nov 1, Mexico increased its border deposit for US registered vehicles from $11 to as much as $800 for new models for travel beyond the 15-mile border zone.
    (SFC, 10/30/99, p.A1)
1999        Nov 1, In Panama the US handed over Howard Air Force Base, Fort Kobbe and the Farfan residential zone.
    (SFC, 11/2/99, p.A14)

1999        Nov 2, Pres. Clinton met with Ehud Barak and Yasser Arafat in Oslo to revitalize the  Middle East peace process.
    (SFC, 11/3/99, p.A12)
1999        Nov 2, Republicans pushed the year’s last and biggest spending bill through Congress toward a sure veto by President Clinton.
    (AP, 11/2/00)
1999        Nov 2, Republicans took control of the Virginia General Assembly for the first time with 52 of 100 seats.
    (SFC, 11/3/99, p.A17)
1999        Nov 2, In San Francisco elections Willie Brown led with 38.7% of the vote and Supervisor Tom Ammiano came in 2nd with 25.4%. Terence Hallinan led over Bill Fazio. A Dec 14 runoff was scheduled for both mayor and district attorney. SF voters backed Proposition F, a ban on ATM surcharges, and the banks quickly sued to keep the fees. The $299 million bond measure to rebuild Laguna Honda passed and seismic retrofit for the Central Freeway (Prop J) was undetermined as was the plan to tear down the Central Freeway (Prop I). Voters approved an ordnance making it harder for property owners to evict tenants (Prop G). In 2003 a judge weakened the Prop G ordnance. Voters passed a proposition to keep the Transbay Terminal where it is and make sure that Caltrain is extended into the terminal’s basement.
    (SFC, 11/3/99, p.A1)(SFC, 11/4/99, p.A1,21)(SFC, 11/5/99, p.A1,18)(SFC, 5/3/03, p.A17)(SFC, 8/7/07, p.A6)
1999        Nov 2, In Honolulu, Hawaii, Xerox repairman Byran Uyesugi (40) killed 7 people at Xerox company offices. There was no apparent motive. He was convicted of 1st degree murder in 2000 and sentenced to life in prison.
    (SFC, 11/3/99, p.A1,14)(SFC, 6/13/00, p.A11)(AP, 11/2/00)
1999        Nov 2, Spanish Judge Baltasar Garzon named former Argentine Pres. Leopoldo Galtieri in an indictment along with 95 other military officers, who presided over the "Dirty War" from 1976-1983.
    (SFC, 11/3/99, p.C3)
1999        Nov 2, In France the Dominique Strauss-Kahn, the finance minister, resigned in a corruption scandal.
    (SFC, 11/3/99, p.C3)
1999        Nov 2, In India the death toll mounted from the cyclone in Orissa state with disease, lawlessness and vandalism on the rise. There was no power in the capital of Bhubaneswar and Cuttack was in ruins.
    (SFC, 11/3/99, p.C2)
1999        Nov 2, In Indonesia some 10,000 people in Aceh province took to the streets in Meulaboh calling for independence.
    (SFC, 11/3/99, p.C5)
1999        Nov 2, In southeastern Iraq a missile hit the Habib camp of the dissident Mujahedeen-e Khalq (MEK) near the border. At least 5 people were killed and Iran was blamed for the attack.
    (SFC, 11/4/99, p.A18)
1999        Nov 2, Israel resumed attacks against Lebanon with 5 missiles at mountain targets at Jabal al-Daher.
    (SFC, 11/3/99, p.C5)
1999        Nov 2, In Panama suspected Colombian rebels hijacked 2 helicopters.
    (SFC, 11/3/99, p.C2)
1999        Nov 2, In Romania dozens of orphaned and homeless teenagers protested and urged the government to provide jobs and housing.
    (SFC, 11/3/99, p.C5)

1999        Nov 3, In Laramie, Wyoming, Aaron McKinney (22) was convicted of murder in the October 6-7, 1998, beating of gay Wyoming college student Matthew Shepard (21). Shepard died on October 12, 1998, at Poudre Valley Hospital in Fort Collins, Colorado. McKinney and Russell Henderson, who pleaded guilty to kidnapping and murder, were sentenced to life in prison. McKinney had faced the possibility of being sentenced to death by lethal injection. A deal was reached after Shepard’s parents agreed to accept two life terms in prison for their son’s killer.
    (AP, 11/3/00)(www.cnn.com/US/9911/03/gay.attack.verdict.01/)
1999        Nov 3, In Seattle a gunman killed 2 men, wounded 2 others at the Northlake Shipyard building and then escaped into a nearby residential area.
    (SFC, 11/4/99, p.A3)
1999        Nov 3, In Guatemala 2 campaigners for Alfonso Portillo Cabrera were killed by gunmen.
    (SFC, 11/4/99, p.A18)
1999        Nov 3, Kashmiri guerrillas killed an army major and 5 others at Indian army headquarters in Srinagar.
    (SFC, 11/4/99, p.A18)
1999        Nov 3, In Vietnam storms caused massive flooding in Quang Nam province and 150,000 homes were under water. The Citadel at Hue was under 10 feet of water.
    (SFC, 11/4/99, p.A18)
1999        Nov 3, In Zambia Wazi Kaunda (47), the son of Kenneth Kaunda, was shot and killed by 4 gunmen at his front gate in Lusaka. Kaunda was a senior official in the opposition National Independence Party.
    (SFC, 11/5/99, p.A17)

1999        Nov 4, Aaron McKinney, who beat gay college student Matthew Shepard and left him to die on the Wyoming prairie, avoided the death penalty by agreeing to serve life in prison without parole and promising never to appeal his conviction.
    (AP, 11/4/00)
1999        Nov 4, In Indonesia over 50,000 people demonstrated for independence in Aceh province. The population in Aceh numbered 4.3 million.
    (SFC, 11/5/99, p.A16)
1999        Nov 4, Some ten-thousand Iranian students rallied outside the former US Embassy in Tehran to mark the 20th anniversary of its seizure by Islamic militants.
    (AP, 11/4/00)
1999        Nov 4, Russia allowed thousands of refugees to flee Chechnya and the crossing at the Sleptsovskaya border reached 500 people per hour.
    (SFC, 11/5/99, p.D3)
1999        Nov 4, At Empangeni, South Africa, rival minivan taxi operators waged a gunbattle that left at least 10 people dead and 24 wounded.
    (SFC, 11/5/99, p.A17)
1999        Nov 4, In Venezuela the Constitutional Assembly approved a 6 year presidential term and allowed reelection.
    (SFC, 11/5/99, p.A17)
1999        Nov 4, The death toll from flooding in Vietnam rose to 225.
    (SFC, 11/5/99, p.A17)

1999        Nov 5, US District Judge Thomas Penfield Jackson ruled in a finding of fact that Microsoft Corp. is a monopoly and has wielded its power to stifle competition. He said the software giant’s aggressive actions were "stifling innovation" and hurting consumers.
    (SFC, 11/6/99, p.A1)(AP, 11/5/00)
1999        Nov 5, The US Office of the Comptroller of the Currency filed a friend-of-the-court brief that supported the argument that local governments cannot bar ATM fees levied by nationally chartered banks.
    (SFC, 11/6/99, p.A1)
1999        Nov 5, Astronomers detected a gas planet near the star called HD 209458, near 51 Pegasi, 153 light-years away. In 2001 scientists said the atmosphere was loaded with sodium.
    (SFC, 11/13/99, p.A2)(SFC, 11/28/01, p.A2)
1999         Nov 5, In New Delhi Pope John Paul II began a 3 day visit to India, his first visit there in 13 years.
    (SFC, 11/5/99, p.A15)(WSJ, 11/5/99, p.A1)(AP, 11/5/00)
1999        Nov 5, In Kosovo a rail bridge was bombed in Kosovska Mitrovica just hours before a Serbian passenger train was to pass across.
    (SFEC, 11/7/99, p.A22)

1999        Nov 6, In Australia elections to decide on severance of ties with the royal family were scheduled. 54.5% voted against a republic in which the head of state would be elected by Parliament.
    (SFC, 11/2/99, p.A12)(SFEC, 11/7/99, p.A21)
1999        Nov 6, During his visit to India, Pope John Paul the Second praised Christian missionaries and exhorted his bishops to spread the Christian message across Asia.
    (AP, 11/6/00)
1999        Nov 6, In Pakistan a 10-member civilian cabinet, named by Gen. Musharraf, formally took office.
    (SFEC, 11/7/99, p.A24)
1999        Nov 6, Rwanda suspended cooperation with a UN tribunal following a decision (Nov 3) by the Int'l. Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda to release Jean-Bosco Barayagwiza, a former Foreign Ministry official, who was held in Tanzania.
    (SFEC, 11/7/99, p.A30)
1999        Nov 6, In Tajikistan secular Pres. Emomali Rakhmonov a faced Muslim challenger.
    (SFEC, 11/7/99, p.A29)

1999        Nov 7, Tiger Woods became the first golfer since Ben Hogan in 1953 to win four straight tournaments.
    (AP, 11/7/00)
1999        Nov 7, Joseph Chebet of Kenya won the NY Marathon in 2 hrs, 9 min. and 14 sec. Adriana Fernandez of Mexico won for the women in 2:25:06.
    (WSJ, 11/8/99, p.A1)
1999        Nov 7, Relatives of the victims of EgyptAir Flight 990 gathered in Newport, Rhode Island, to bid them a wrenching farewell, a week after the plane crashed into the Atlantic Ocean.
    (AP, 11/7/00)
1999        Nov 7, In Chechnya Russian soldiers dislodged rebels in Bamut. 38 civilians were reported killed along with 28 Chechen fighters.
    (SFC, 11/8/99, p.C14)
1999        Nov 7, In Athens, Greece, a bomb exploded outside a Levi's jeans store. This was the 5th recent attack and was thought to be linked to an upcoming Nov 13 visit by Pres. Clinton.
    (SFC, 11/8/99, p.C14)
1999        Nov 7, In Guatemala Alfonso Portillo of the Guatemalan Republican Front (FRG) was in a close race for the presidency with Oscar Berger of the governing National Advancement (PAN). With 97.5% counted Portillo had 47.8% of the vote vs. 30.3% for Berger. The FRG won 61 0f the 110-seat Congress.
    (SFC, 11/8/99, p.A10)(SFC, 11/9/99, p.A13)(SFC, 11/11/99, p.A22)
1999         Nov 7, In Aceh, Indonesia, 500,000 people marched for independence.
    (SFC, 11/8/99, p.A14)
1999        Nov 7, In Netanya, Israel, 3 pipe bombs exploded and 33 people were wounded on the eve of Israeli-Palestinian peace talks.
    (SFC, 11/8/99, p.A14)
1999        Nov 7, In Mexico Francisco Labastida, the PRI candidate, led the presidential primary elections far ahead of Roberto Madrazo. Labastida (57) won 272 of the 300 districts.
    (SFC, 11/8/99, p.A1)(SFC, 11/9/99, p.A12)
1999        Nov 7, In Sri Lanka the military command was shuffled after Tamil Tigers overran 10 strategic camps earlier in the week. Hundreds of soldiers were dead or missing.
    (SFC, 11/8/99, p.C14)
1999        Nov 7, Continued heavy rain in central Vietnam caused more flooding and the death toll rose to over 450.
    (SFC, 11/8/99, p.A12)

1999        Nov 8, President Clinton participated in a "virtual town hall meeting" on the Internet, answering questions from pre-screened online users.
    (AP, 11/8/00)
1999        Nov 8, Former President Bush was honored in Germany for his role in the fall of the Berlin Wall ten years earlier.
    (AP, 11/8/00)
1999        Nov 8, MIT received a $100 million gift from software billionaire Kenan Sahin.
    (WSJ, 11/9/99, p.A1)
1999        Nov 8, Lester Bowie (58), jazz trumpeter and founder of the Art Ensemble of Chicago, died of liver cancer.
    (WSJ, 11/10/99, p.A1)
1999        Nov 8, In Canada employers in BC locked out 2,000 waterfront workers and disrupted trade valued at $60 million per day.
    (WSJ, 11/9/99, p.A1)
1999        Nov 8, It was reported that 2 Congo rebel leaders were resuming their war on Kabila.
    (WSJ, 11/8/99, p.A1)
1999        Nov 8, In Georgia Pope John Paul II stopped to "build new bridges" with the Orthodox Church and Patriarch Ilia II.
    (SFC, 11/9/99, p.A14)
1999        Nov 8, Israeli and Palestinian negotiators launched landmark talks, giving themselves an ambitious 100-day deadline to craft the broad outlines of a peace agreement.
    (AP, 11/8/00)

1999        Nov 9, The flight data recorder from EgyptAir Flight 990 was recovered from the Atlantic Ocean and shipped to a National Transportation Safety Board laboratory in Washington.
    (AP, 11/9/00)
1999        Nov 9, In Congo government forces bombed Nkembe. Rebel spokesman Kien-Kiey Mulumba said he would no longer honor the peace accord after the government killed 100 civilians in 4 days of fighting.
    (SFC, 11/10/99, p.A14)(SFC, 11/12/99, p.D2)
1999        Nov 9, With fireworks, concerts and a huge party at the landmark Brandenburg Gate, Germany celebrated the tenth anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall.
    (AP, 11/9/00)
1999        Nov 9, In northern Malaysia Carolyn Janice Ahmad (35) was allegedly killed as a sacrifice to obtain lottery tips from the Hindu goddess Kali. Her skeletal remains were discovered in a shallow grave at an oil palm plantation in June 2001. In 2004 a court acquitted 3 Malaysians charged with killing the American woman.
    (AP, 8/16/04)
1999        Nov 9, In Mexico a TAESA DC-9 jet exploded in flight near Uruapan and all 18 people onboard were killed.
    (SFC, 11/10/99, p.A14)
1999        Nov 9, Russia’s PM Vladimir Putin named Dmitry Medvedev first deputy chief of staff to prime minister.
    (WSJ, 2/28/08, p.A14)
1999        Nov 9, In Sri Lanka Pres. Chandrika Kumaratunga said 4,000 people were driven from their homes by the rebels and that the military had suffered 101 dead and 743 wounded.
    (SFC, 11/10/99, p.A14)
1999        Nov 9, In Tanzania Mikaeli Muhimana, an ex-Rwandan official in Kibuye, was arrested in Dar es Salaam for his role in the 1994 slaughter of Tutsis.
    (SFC, 11/10/99, p.A13)

1999        Nov 10, President Clinton decided to delay and shorten a trip to Greece in reaction to growing security concerns and the prospect of violent anti-American demonstrations.
    (AP, 11/10/00)
1999        Nov 10, The California Budget Project reported that raising a family in the Bay Area cost $53,736. The Bay Area per-capita income was $38,300 and the federal poverty level was $16,700.
    (SFC, 11/10/99, p.A1)
1999        Nov 10, In Flint, Michigan, a boiler exploded at the Clara Barton Convalescence Center. 5 people were killed and over 20 injured.
    (SFC, 11/12/99, p.A9)
1999        Nov 10, Communism ended in Bulgaria and the country began its transition to democracy.
    (AP, 11/10/13)
1999        Nov 10, Investigators said the flight data recorder from EgyptAir Flight 990 showed things were normal until the autopilot mysteriously disconnected and the Boeing 767 began what appeared to be a controlled descent.
    (AP, 11/10/00)
1999        Nov 10, In Morocco King Mohammed VI dismissed Driss Basri, the minister of interior and communications.
    (SFC, 11/17/99, p.B3)
1999        Nov 10, In Serbia allies of Pres. Milosevic passed new laws aimed at curbing the authority of local governments.
    (SFC, 11/11/99, p.A18)
1999        Nov 10, The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) was founded in Lausanne, Switzerland, to thwart drug users in all sports.
    (www.wada-ama.org/en/About-WADA/History/WADA-History/)

1999        Nov 11, The computer virus dubbed Bubbleboy was reported to spread through electronic mail without attachments.
    (WSJ, 11/11/99, p.A1)
1999        Nov 11, Argentine journalist Jacobo Timerman died in Buenos Aires at age 76.
    (AP, 11/11/00)
1999        Nov 11, A car bomb ripped through a Bogota commercial district, killing at least eight people, but President Andres Pastrana defiantly signed extradition orders for three suspected drug traffickers.
    (SFC, 11/12/99, p.A16)(WSJ, 11/12/99, p.A1)(AP, 11/11/00)
1999        Nov 11, In Britain the House of Lords voted to strip hereditary peers of their 700-year-old right to sit in Parliament's Upper House. 92 peers still kept seats under a compromise.
    (WSJ, 11/12/99, p.A1)
1999        Nov 11, In India a bomb exploded on a passenger train traveling from Jammu to New Delhi and 14 people were killed with 50 injured.
    (SFC, 11/12/99, p.D2)
1999        Nov 11, In Foggia, Italy, a 6-story apartment building collapsed from structural flaws and over 50 people were feared dead. An investigation blamed the collapse on cheap materials and slipshod construction.
    (SFC, 11/12/99, p.A16)(AP, 11/11/00)
1999        Nov 11, In Malaysia Prime Minister Mahathir dissolved parliament and planned early elections.
    (SFC, 11/11/99, p.A24)
1999        Nov 11, Javed Iqbal (40) killed his 87th victim, Mohammad Imran (15). Iqbal dissolved the bodies in vats of chemicals and left photos and notes that described his victims. The story became public in Dec. when his killings reached 100 and he made his story public. Iqbal surrendered in Lahore, Pakistan, on Dec 30. He was found strangled with bed sheets in his cell on Oct 7, 2001.
    (SFC, 12/7/99, p.B2)(WSJ, 12/31/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 10/10/01, p.A1)

1999        Nov 12, Pres. Clinton signed a measure knocking down Depression-era barriers and allowing banks, investment firms and insurance companies to sell each other’s products. Clinton signed into law the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act, which repealed the Glass-Steagall Act and strengthened the separation of commerce and financial services.
    (SFC, 11/13/99, p.D1)(Econ, 9/3/05, p.65)
1999        Nov 12, In Chechnya Russian forces took control of Gudermes and proposed to move the capital there from Grozny.
    (SFC, 11/13/99, p.A10)
1999        Nov 12, In Pakistan several explosions near American structures struck in downtown Islamabad and injured 6 people. It was speculated that Taliban supporters were linked to the blasts.
    (SFC, 11/12/99, p.D2)(SFC, 11/13/99, p.A10)
1999        Nov 12, In Serbia a World Food Program flight from Rome crashed in northern Kosovo and all 24 aboard were killed. The plane was a propeller-driven ATR-42.
    (SFC, 11/13/99, p.A10)
1999        Nov 12, In Turkey a 7.2 [7.1] earthquake was centered at Duzce. At least 834 people were killed and 3000 injured. Damage from the last 2 quakes was later estimated at $10-25 billion.
    (SFC, 11/13/99, p.A1)(SFEC, 11/14/99, p.A1)(SFC, 11/15/99, p.A14)(WSJ, 11/17/99, p.A1)(SFC, 4/28/00, p.D6)(AP, 11/12/00)

1999        Nov 13, Lennox Lewis became the undisputed heavyweight champion of the world, winning a unanimous decision over Evander Holyfield in Las Vegas.
    (AP, 11/13/00)
1999        Nov 13, The Navy recovered the cockpit voice recorder from EgyptAir Flight 990, which crashed into the Atlantic Ocean October 31st with the loss of all 217 people aboard.
    (AP, 11/13/00)
1999        Nov 13, Donald Mills, last surviving member of the singing Mills Brothers, died in Los Angeles at age 84.
    (AP, 11/13/00)
1999        Nov 13, Heavy rains in southeastern France caused mudslides that left at least 22 people dead in the Tarn Aude, Eastern Pyranees and Herault regions.
    (SFEC, 11/14/99, p.A15)
1999        Nov 13, In Athens, Greece, thousands protested an upcoming visit by Pres. Clinton whose planned visit was shortened to 1 day.
    (SFEC, 11/14/99, p.A22)
1999        Nov 13, Peru and Chile signed an agreement to end a 120-year territorial dispute. Peru was granted the exclusive use of a pier in the Chilean port of Arica.
    (SFEC, 11/14/99, p.A22)

1999        Nov 14, Democrat Bill Bradley took center court at New York’s Madison Square Garden for a $1.5 million presidential campaign fund-raiser that featured his old Knick teammates and former basketball rivals.
    (AP, 11/14/00)
1999        Nov 14, Pres. Clinton flew to Turkey for talks on Cyprus.
    (SFC, 11/15/99, p.A14)
1999        Nov 14, UN sanctions against Afghanistan went into effect following the Taliban refusal to turn over Osama bin Laden. Int'l. flights were banned and overseas assets were frozen.
    (SFEC, 11/14/99, p.A14)
1999        Nov 14, In Columbia the 3rd bomb blast in a week injured a worker at El Tiempo newspaper in Cali.
    (SFC, 11/16/99, p.E4)
1999        Nov 14, In Macedonia Boris Trajkovsky (43) of the right centrist VMRO DPMNE party was the winner in a runoff election with 53% of the vote. Some 35,000 people later protested the results.
    (SFC, 11/19/99, p.D2)
1999        Nov 14, Pakistan was suspended from the Commonwealth of former British-ruled nations over the military regime's refusal to set a timeline for elections.
    (WSJ, 11/15/99, p.A1)
1999        Nov 14, In the Philippines Moro Islamic Liberation Front rebels clashed with soldiers on Mindanao and 2 people were killed in Tibao.
    (SFC, 11/15/99, p.A19)
1999        cNov 14, In Sri Lanka a bomb injured 34 people at an opposition rally for Ranil Wickremesinghe.
    (WSJ, 11/15/99, p.A1)
1999        Nov 14, In Ukraine Pres. Kuchma won a 2nd term by a 56% margin over Petro Symonenko with 97% of the ballots counted.
    (SFC, 11/15/99, p.A17)

1999        Nov 15, The Clinton administration claimed victory in a seven-year struggle to persuade Congress to pay nearly $1 billion in back dues to the United Nations, saying restrictions in the deal on backing for international family planning would have no practical effect.
    (AP, 11/15/00)
1999        Nov 15, A federal judge blocked the San Francisco voter approved ATM initiative to prohibit banks from charging fees to non-customers.
    (SFC, 11/16/99, p.A1)
1999        Nov 15, In Afghanistan protestors burned a UN office to the ground in anger over sanctions.
    (SFC, 11/16/99, p.A12)
1999        Nov 15, In Angola the armed forces reported that Jonas Savimbi and his UNITA forces were dislodged from their highland strongholds.
    (SFC, 11/17/99, p.A18)
1999        Nov 15, In Beijing, China, US and Chinese trade negotiators agreed to a pact for China to join the WTO. Charlene Barshefsky and Shi Guangsheng reached a deal that was similar to the one the US rejected in April. Details of the plan were made public Mar 14, 2000.
    (WSJ, 11/16/99, p.A1,2)(SFC, 3/15/00, p.A3)
1999        Nov 15, In India at least 18 people were reported killed in Panchabatin village in the state of Tripura by separatist guerrillas.
    (SFC, 11/16/99, p.E4)
1999        Nov 15, In Japan a $95 million MTSAT satellite on an H-2 rocket was aborted after takeoff from the Tanegashima Space Center. A launch in Feb. had also failed.
    (SFC, 11/16/99, p.E4)
1999        Nov 15, In Nigeria fighting began in the city of Warri in a dispute over the distribution of pipes donated by Dutch Oil. At least 40 people were killed.
    (SFC, 11/19/99, p.D2)
1999        Nov 15, In Russia the finance minister announced that he would request the Western commercial banks to cancel $12 billion in Soviet-era debt and reschedule another $18 billion in exchange.
    (SFC, 11/16/99, p.E4)
1999        Nov 15, In Turkey Pres. Clinton addressed the parliament and stressed his support for candidate membership status to the EU.
    (SFC, 11/16/99, p.A12)

1999        Nov 16, The US Federal Reserve raised interest rates by .25%.
    (SFC, 11/17/99, p.A1)
1999        Nov 16, California sued the federal government to block extensions on 36 undeveloped offshore oil leases signed by the Clinton administration Nov 12.
    (SFC, 11/17/99, p.A3)
1999        Nov 16, Nathaniel Abraham, at 13 one of the youngest murder defendants in US history, was convicted in Pontiac, Michigan, of second-degree murder for shooting a stranger outside a convenience store with a rifle when he was eleven. Nathaniel was sentenced to juvenile detention. He will be released Jan. 13, 2007, when he turns 21.
    (AP, 11/16/04)
1999        Nov 16, Genentech agreed to settle a 10-year patent infringement dispute with the University of California for $200 million. $150 million was to be in cash and $50 million for the construction of a research campus in SF.
    (SFC, 11/17/99, p.C1)
1999        Nov 16, WSJ ran an article on the nightmare of recycling plastic. PET and HDPE plastics were discussed.
    (WSJ, 11/16/99, p.B1)
1999        Nov 16, UN Sec. Gen'l. Kofi Annan, in China for a 4-day visit, said he had a "better understanding" of the government crackdown on the Falun Gong.
    (SFC, 11/17/99, p.A17)
1999        Nov 16, A 2-day Ibero-American summit for heads of state from Latin America, Spain and Portugal met in Havana. Int'l. finance and the effects of economic globalization on developing countries was the central theme. The 18 heads of state signed a Havana Declaration.
    (SFEC, 11/14/99, p.A22)(SFC, 11/17/99, p.A20)

1999        Nov 17, Ha Jin, a former member of the Chinese People's Liberation Army, won the US National Book Award for fiction for his novel "Waiting." John W. Dower won the nonfiction category for "Embracing Defeat: Japan in the Wake of World War II."
    (SFC, 11/18/99, p.E3)
1999        Nov 17, Officials close to the investigation into the crash of EgyptAir Flight 990 said a relief co-pilot alone in the cockpit had said, in Arabic: "I made my decision now; I put my faith in God’s hands" just before the jetliner began its fatal plunge. In Egypt, relatives angrily rejected any notion that relief co-pilot Gameel el-Batouty had deliberately crashed the plane.
    (AP, 11/17/00)
1999        Nov 17, Hurricane Lenny hit the Virgin Islands with 150 mph winds with most of the force over St. Croix.
    (SFC, 11/18/99, p.A3)
1999        Nov 17, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Turkey agreed to a US-backed plan for a Caspian oil pipeline from Baku to Ceyhan to be completed in 2004. The 1st shipment was made in 2006.
    (SFC, 11/18/99, p.C6)(AFP, 6/4/06)
1999        Nov 17, In Greece over 10,000 people protested against the arrival of Pres. Clinton.
    (SFC, 11/18/99, p.A17)
1999        Nov 17, In Northern Ireland the IRA said that it would back the peace agreement and agreed to appoint a go-between to the commission charged with disarming the paramilitaries.
    (SFC, 11/18/99, p.A16)
1999        Nov 17, In Pakistan over 20 of the country's wealthiest and most powerful people were arrested for corruption. A law was drawn up at 2 a.m. to give the government the right to prosecute any former official for suspected corruption back to 1985.
    (SFC, 11/18/99, p.A20)

1999        Nov 18, Pres. Clinton at a conference in Turkey of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) urged Pres. Yeltsin to stop the bombing and rocket attacks in Chechnya.
    (SFC, 11/19/99, p.A1)
1999        Nov 18, US Congress approved a $385 billion compromise spending bill. It included funds to pay UN dues and restored $12 billion worth of cuts in the Medicare program.
    (SFC, 11/19/99, p.A3)
1999        Nov 18, A jury in Jasper, Texas, convicted Shawn Allen Berry of murder for his role in the dragging death of James Byrd Junior, but spared him the death penalty.
    (AP, 11/18/00)
1999        Nov 18, The US Sacagawea "Golden Dollar" coin went into full production.
    (WSJ, 11/19/99, p.C15)
1999        Nov 18, In College Station, Texas, a pyramid of logs for a traditional football bonfire collapsed and killed 11 students of Texas A&M University. One of 28 injured died the next day.
    (SFC, 11/19/99, p.A1)
1999        Nov 18, Paul Bowles, author and composer, died in Tangiers at age 88. His written work included the novel "The Sheltering Sky," which was made into a 1990 film. He also wrote "Let It Come Down," "The Spider's House" and "Up Above the World." His music included a "Sonata for Oboe and Clarinet."
    (SFC, 11/19/99, p.D8)(WSJ, 11/23/99, p.A22)
1999        Nov 18, In Afghanistan Taliban fighter planes bombed the opposition held Panjshir Valley and at least 13 people were killed and 64 wounded.
    (SFC, 11/19/99, p.D2)
1999        Nov 18, In Brazil assailants broke into a house in Sao Vicente and shot 8 people to death, 2 men, 3 boys and 3 women.
    (SFC, 11/19/99, p.A21)
1999        Nov 18, The UN high commissioner for refugees, Sadako Ogata, visited Chechen refugee camps in Ingushetia. Some 215,000 refugees had fled Russian attacks.
    (SFC, 11/19/99, p.A18)
1999        Nov 18, In the southern Philippines fighting between government troops and separatist rebels left at least 32 dead.
    (SFC, 11/19/99, p.D2)

1999        Nov 19, In Greece some 10,000 people demonstrated as Pres. Clinton rode through Athens under tight security and proclaimed a "profound and enduring friendship." The Greek government ran into a storm of opposition and media criticism for failing to prevent a rampage through Athens by leftists hostile to visiting President Clinton.
    (SFC, 11/20/99, p.A1)(Excite, 11/20/99)(AP, 11/19/00)
1999        Nov 19, In Bolivia a 5-day Conference of American Armies ended. Discussions centered on new roles for the Latin armies such as defending democracy, fighting poverty and eradicating drug smuggling.
    (SFC, 11/20/99, p.C1)
1999        Nov 19, In Germany officials announced an amnesty program for some 20,000 foreigners seeking asylum. A cut off date of Jul 1, 1993 was set for eligible families.
    (SFC, 11/20/99, p.A12)
1999        Nov 19, In Ramallah, West Bank (Reuters), Israeli security forces fired tear gas and rubber-coated metal bullets at stone-throwing Palestinians demanding the release of Palestinian prisoners from Israel's jails.
    (Excite, 11/20/99)
1999        Nov 19, In Hyderabad, India, health officials said an outbreak of Japanese encephalitis has killed 133 people, all of them children, in the southern Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.
    (Reuters, 11/20/99)
1999        Nov 19, In Lahore, Pakistan, an explosion ripped through a market in Lahore, the capital of Punjab province, killing at least three people and injuring 12.
    (Reuters, 11/20/99)
1999        Nov 19, In Turkey the 54-nation summit of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) closed with a treaty that restricted the number of tanks, planes and artillery of every army across Europe.
    (SFC, 11/20/99, p.A10)
1999        Nov 19, It was reported that the work week was being cut from 48 to 40 hours per week in Vietnam.
    (SFC, 11/19/99, p.A19)

1999        Nov 20, A day after violent anti-American protests in Greece, President Clinton sought to heal old wounds by acknowledging the United States had failed its "obligation to support democracy" when it backed Greek’s harsh military junta during the Cold War.
    (AP, 11/20/00)
1999        Nov 20, In Algeria some 20 people were killed in a clash between guerrillas and security forces south of Algiers.
    (SFC, 11/23/99, p.A15)
1999        Nov 20, China completed its first unmanned test of a spacecraft. The Shenzhou 1, or "Divine Vessel," was launched at the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center in Gansu province.
    (SFEC, 11/21/99, p.A1)

1999        Nov 21, President Clinton, speaking at a conference in Florence, Italy, called on prosperous nations to spread global wealth by helping poor countries with Internet hookups, cell phones, debt relief and small loans.
    (AP, 11/21/00)
1999        Nov 21, The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation announced a $26 million donation to UNICEF for the elimination of tetanus.
    (SFEC, 11/21/99, p.A2)
1999        Nov 21, Some 3,000 of 8,000 demonstrators crossed onto the Fort Benning army base in Georgia to protest against the School of the Americas and the 10 year anniversary of Jesuit priests killed in El Salvador by soldiers trained at the school.
    (SFC, 11/22/99, p.A2)
1999        Nov 21, Quentin Crisp (born as Denis Pratt), writer, performer and raconteur, died in Manchester, England, at age 90. His books included "The Naked Civil Servant," "How to Become a Virgin" and "New York Diaries."
    (SFC, 11/22/99, p.C4)
1999        Nov 21, Afghanistan and Iran resumed trade following recently imposed UN restrictions on Afghanistan.
    (SFC, 11/22/99, p.A14)
1999        Nov 21, In Chechnya some 5,000 rebels barricaded themselves in Grozny in preparation for a Russian offensive.
    (SFC, 11/22/99, p.A12)
1999        Nov 21, In Colombia Jaime Orlando Lara (30) was extradited to the US for smuggling heroine to the US. He was the first drug offender to be extradited since 1990.
    (SFC, 11/22/99, p.A12)
1999        Nov 21, In Jordan King Abdullah pardoned 25 Hamas members and expelled 4 of them to Qatar. Jordanian authorities expelled Khalid Mishal, Ibrahim Ghawsha, and two other members to Qatar; released the remaining detainees; and announced that the HAMAS offices would remain closed permanently. Charges against the HAMAS officials included possession of weapons and explosives for use in illegal acts. 
    (www.fas.org/irp/threat/terror_99/mideast.html)(SFC, 11/22/99, p.A13)(Econ, 10/10/09, p.50)
1999        Nov 21, In South Korea thousands of workers gathered in Seoul and demanded a reduction of the workweek from 44 to 40 hours. They also protested government plans to privatize state-run power, gas and financial firms.
    (SFC, 11/22/99, p.A13)

1999        Nov 22, During a visit to the former communist country of Bulgaria, President Clinton promised tens of thousands of cheering Bulgarians in Sofia that "you too shall overcome" in their difficult struggle for democracy and prosperity.
    (SFC, 11/23/99, p.A14)(AP, 11/22/00)   
1999        Nov 22, Raymond Edward Wong called Pinole, Ca., police to report that Alice Sin (21) of Pinole, Ca., had not come home. Sin’s decomposed and bullet-riddled body was found Jan 25, 2000, in Churchill County, Nevada. In 2011 police in Pinole, citing new evidence, arrested Raymond Wong, the father of her child. Wong’s 2nd girlfriend, Jessica Tang, later testified that all three had driven into the desert and she and Wong shot and killed Alice Sin, who was reportedly pregnant at the time. On June 27, 2015, Wong was convicted of first-degree murder.
    (SFC, 1/28/00, p.A1)(SFC, 12/31/11, p.C2)(SFC, 1/4/13, p.A1)(SSFC, 6/28/15, p.C3)
1999        Nov 22, In Algeria Abdelkader Hachani (43), a leader of the Islamic Salvation Front who spoke for peace and reconciliation, was assassinated in Algiers.
    (SFC, 11/23/99, p.A15)
1999        Nov 22, In Japan a T-33 jet crashed and killed 2 crewmen. The crash severed a 275,000-volt power line and some 800,000 homes lost power in the Tokyo area.
    (SFC, 11/23/99, p.A16)
1999        Nov 22, In Kazakstan authorities reported that they had detained 22 people, all members of a Russian nationalist group called Rus, on suspicion of planning a secessionist uprising.
    (SFC, 11/23/99, p.A16)
1999        Nov 22, In Nigeria officials reported that 43 people had been killed in the Niger Delta including 8 soldiers after some 2,000 soldiers were sent to restore order in Odi village in southern Bayelsa state. In 2002 Pres. Obasanjo acknowledged that he ordered the military operations in Odi that killed an estimated 1000 people.
    (SFC, 11/23/99, p.A16)(SFC, 9/12/02, p.A4)
1999        Nov 22, In Tanzania it was reported that some 500 people per day were fleeing into the country from Burundi as fighting in Burundi intensified.
    (SFC, 11/23/99, p.A16)

1999        Nov 23, Bill Gates announced his charitable foundation will give $750 million over the next 5 years to improve the health of young children in underdeveloped nations. Thereafter the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization was launched with major funding from the Gates foundation.
    (SFC, 11/24/99, p.A2)(WSJ, 12/3/01, p.A1)
1999        Nov 23, In a plea met with scant applause and silent stares, President Clinton told ethnic Albanians in Kosovo that "you must try" to forgive Serb neighbors and stop punishing them for the terror campaign of Slobodan Milosevic.
    (SFC, 11/24/99, p.A16)(WSJ, 11/24/99, p.A1)(AP, 11/23/00)   
1999        Nov 23, Defense Secretary William Cohen called for a military-wide review of conduct after a Pentagon study said up to 75 percent of blacks and other ethnic minorities reported experiencing racially offensive behavior.
    (AP, 11/23/00)
1999        Nov 23, In Congo Mayi-Mayi tribal fighters, armed mostly with bows and arrows, attacked Ugandan soldiers near Butembo and some 200 fighters were killed including about 100 Mayi-Mayi.
    (SFC, 11/25/99, p.D6)
1999        Nov 23, An agreement between Georgia and Russia was announced to cut the number of Russian forces over the next few years.
    (SFC, 11/24/99, p.C5)
1999        Nov 23, In Nazareth, Israel, a cornerstone for a mosque was laid next to the Basilica of the Annunciation. Shihab el-Din, a 12th-century anti-Crusader cleric, was believed to be buried there.     
    (SFC, 11/24/99, p.A16)
1999        Nov 23, In Kuwait the Parliament rejected a decree giving women the right to vote. Sheik Jaber Al Ahmed Al Sabah had issued the decree in May. Nearly identical legislation filed by lawmakers was pending.
    (SFC, 11/24/99, p.C2)
1999        Nov 23, Mexico suspended the operations of Taesa Airline.
    (SFC, 11/24/99, p.C5)
1999        Nov 23, In Romania some 5,000 workers of the CNSLR-Fratia trade union gathered in Bucharest to protest plummeting living standards.
    (SFC, 11/24/99, p.C5)

1999        Nov 24, American Indian farmers filed a $19 billion class-action lawsuit against the Agriculture Department for an alleged 20-year history of loan-granting discrimination.
    (SFC, 11/25/99, p.A4)
1999        Nov 24, It was reported that US married couples with children comprised 26% of the population as opposed to 45% in 1972.
    (SFC, 11/24/99, p.A3)
1999        Nov 24, In Britain authorities intercepted Scud missile components labeled as auto parts originating in Taiwan and destined for Libya.
    (SFC, 1/10/00, p.A10)
1999        Nov 24-1999 Nov 25, The Chinese ferry, Dashun, with 312 passengers caught fire and sank in stormy seas on the Bohai Strait near Yantai in Shandong province. Only 22 passengers were rescued.
    (SFC, 11/26/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 11/26/99, p.A1)(SFC, 11/27/99, p.A14)(AP, 11/24/00)
1999        Nov 24, In Croatia the parliament passed a constitutional amendment that declared Pres. Tudjman (77) to be temporarily disabled and acted to pass power to Vlatko Pavletic, speaker of parliament.
    (SFC, 11/25/99, p.A14)(WSJ, 11/26/99, p.A1)
1999        Nov 24, In Indonesia security forces deployed hundreds of reinforcements to Aceh province where 6 people were killed over the past week.
    (SFC, 11/25/99, p.A16)
1999        Nov 24, Mexico and the EU agreed on terms for a free trade treaty.
    (SFC, 11/25/99, p.A14)

1999        Nov 25, Britain and France called for a 50-60 thousand European Union rapid reaction force.
    (SFC, 11/26/99, p.B2)
1999        Nov 25, In Chechnya Russian forces fired hundreds of rockets into Grozny in its fiercest assault in the 3-month offensive.
    (SFC, 11/26/99, p.A20)
1999        Nov 25, A 5-year-old boy, one of 14 escapees from Cuba, was saved by sport fisherman off Florida while 9 people drowned. The fate of Elian Gonzalez was in question after his father called for his return to Cuba. This set off an international custody battle between relatives in Miami and Elian's father in Cuba.
    (SFC, 11/26/99, p.A3)(SFC, 12/1/99, p.A7)(AP, 11/25/06)
1999        Nov 25, In Nigeria at least 27 people were killed at a food market in Kedu when Yoruba traders, backed by members of the militant Odua People's Congress, clashed with Hausa counterparts.
    (SFC, 11/26/99, p.B4)
1999        Nov 25, In Zurich fireworks caused light damage to 3 US-related buildings. Responsibility was taken by a group called Freedom for Mumia Abu-Jamal.
    (SFC, 11/26/99, p.B4)

1999        Nov 26, In New Jersey a small plane crashed in Newark. Pilot Itzhak Jacoby (56), his wife Gail and daughter Atira (13) were killed. 22 people were injured on the ground.
    (SFC, 11/27/99, p.A3)
1999        Nov 26, Ashley Montegu, British-born anthropologist and author, died in New Jersey at age 95. His over 60 books included "Man's Most Dangerous Myth: The Fallacy of Race" and "The Natural Superiority of Women."
    (SFC, 11/29/99, p.A26)
1999        Nov 26, Leaders of 71 developing countries demanded that the world's poorest countries be allowed to export goods duty-free to wealthy economies. The ACP group was meeting in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic.
    (SFC, 11/27/99, p.A14)
1999        Nov 26, In the first speech ever by a British prime minister to an Irish parliament, Tony Blair predicted that Northern Ireland’s troubled peace accord would ultimately work because of a strengthened cooperative spirit uniting Britain and Ireland.
    (AP, 11/26/00)
1999        Nov 26, In Germany the parliament approved $16 billion in spending cuts for next year that included cuts in pensions and jobless benefits.
    (SFC, 11/27/99, p.A18)
1999        Nov 26, In India, at least 211 people died when two trains collided in the northern state of Punjab.
    (AP, 11/26/00)
1999        Nov 26, A Norwegian passenger ferry, the catamaran Sleipner, sank at the mouth of the Boemla Fjord. There were 16 people killed.
    (SFC, 11/27/99, p.A14)(AP, 11/26/02)
1999        Nov 26, Russian commanders announced that they would begin pursuing Chechen guerrilla forces into their mountain hideouts.
    (SFC, 11/27/99, p.A1)
1999        Nov 26, Sudan signed a peace agreement with the opposition Umma Party in Djibouti to end the 16-year old civil war.
    (SFC, 11/27/99, p.A15)
1999        Nov 26, In Ukraine Reactor No. 3, the functioning power plant at Chernobyl and site of the 1986 accident, reopened.
    (SFC, 11/26/99, p.A22)(SFC, 11/27/99, p.A18)

1999        Nov 27, In Chechnya residents reported 260 civilian deaths in Grozny since the beginning of Russian assaults 2 days earlier.
    (SFEC, 11/28/99, p.A19)
1999        Nov 27, In Iran Muslim reform cleric Abdollah Nouri was sentenced to 5 years in jail and 5 years banishment from political activity due to his demands for an end to authoritarian rule by the religious hierarchy. His Khordad newspaper was also ordered closed.
    (SFEC, 11/28/99, p.A21)
1999        Nov 27, In New Zealand Helen Clark, candidate for the Labor Party, claimed victory in general elections.
    (SFEC, 11/28/99, p.A21)
1999        Nov 27, In Northern Ireland the Ulster Unionist Party approved its leader-centering government with rivals from Sinn Fein. The Ulster Unionists cleared the way for the speedy formation of an unprecedented Protestant-Catholic administration.
    (SFEC, 11/28/99, p.A1)(AP, 11/27/04)
1999        Nov 27, In the Philippines the 10-nation ASEAN summit opened.
    (SFEC, 11/28/99, p.A10)
1999        Nov 27, In Vanuatu a tsunami generated by a 7.1 earthquake killed 8 people on Pentecost Island. 2 people were missing and thousands feared injured and homeless. The quake was centered 54 miles north of the capital Port Vila.
    (SFC, 11/27/99, p.A15)(SFEC, 11/28/99, p.A12)
1999        Nov 27, Yemeni military sources reported that 2 Yemeni soldiers had been killed over the last few days in border clashes with Saudi Arabia.
    (SFEC, 11/28/99, p.A26)

1999        Nov 28, Hsing-Hsing, the popular giant panda who arrived in America in 1972 as a symbol of US-China detente, was euthanized at age 28. Officials at Washington’s National Zoo decided to end the panda’s life because of his deteriorating health.
    (SFC, 11/29/99, p.A2)(AP, 11/28/00)   
1999        Nov 28 In Britain a naked man, Eden Strang (26), with a sword maimed 10 people in St. Andrew's church at Thornton Heath, a suburb of London, before he was subdued. Strang was charged with attempted murder.
    (SFC, 11/29/99, p.A12)(SFC, 11/30/99, p.D3)
1999        Nov 28, Iraqi media reported that US warplanes bombed a school in northern Iraq and injured 8 people.
    (SFC, 11/29/99, p.A16)
1999        Nov 28, ASEAN leaders in the Philippines agreed to increase cooperation with Japan, China and South Korea in an "East Asia Forum" known as ASEAN+3 and to move toward a common market.
    (SFC, 11/29/99, p.A14)
1999        Nov 28, In Palestine security forces arrested a group of professionals and intellectuals who signed a petition that accused Yasser Arafat of tyranny, corruption and injustice.
    (SFC, 11/29/99, p.A14)(WSJ, 11/29/99, p.A1)
1999        Nov 28, In South Africa a pipe bomb injured at least 43 people at St. Elmo's pizza restaurant in Camps Bay, just south of Cape Town.
    (SFC, 11/29/99, p.A12)
1999        Nov 28, In Spain the Basque ETA announced that it would end a 14-month cease-fire due to inaction over their call for independence.
    (SFC, 11/29/99, p.A12)
1999        Nov 28, In Sri Lanka the rebels offered talks to end the 16-year civil war as presidential elections approached.
    (WSJ, 11/29/99, p.A1)
1999        Nov 28, Turkey reported that some 70 Kurdish rebels in northern Iraq had been killed over the last 5 days by Turkish forces in 15 operations.
    (SFC, 11/29/99, p.A16)
1999        Nov 28, In Uruguay Jorge Batlle, candidate for the Colorado Party, won the presidency with a 52% vote over socialist Tabare Vazquez.
    (SFC, 11/29/99, p.A16)

1999        Nov 29, Pres. Clinton signed the Satellite Television Home Viewers Act which allowed satellite companies to compete with cable TV. It was part of a $391 billion spending bill.
    (SFC, 11/30/99, p.A1)
19999        Nov 29, The US National Labor Relations Board ruled that medical interns can unionize and negotiate wages and hours. This overturned a 1976 precedent.
    (WSJ, 11/30/99, p.A1)
1999        Nov 29, In Seattle as many as 50,000 protestors gathered to oppose "the march of corporate globalization."
    (WSJ, 11/30/99, p.A1)
1999        Nov 29, Astronomers reported finding 6 planets orbiting sun-like stars as close as 65 light years from Earth.
    (SFC, 11/30/99, p.A3)
1999        Nov 29, John Berry (b.1917 as Jak Szold), American film director, died at age 82.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Berry_(film_director))
1999        Nov 29, Gene Rayburn (81), game show host, died in Gloucester, Mass.
    (AP, 11/29/04)
1999        Nov 29, In Kosovo ethnic Albanians killed Dragoslav Basic (62) and attacked his wife and mother-in-law during a night of festivities celebrating Kosovo's first Flag Day since the ouster of Serbian forces. An ethnic Albanian (27) was arrested in Dec. for the murder.
    (SFC, 11/30/99, p.A14)(SFC, 12/28/99, p.A10)
1999        Nov 29, In Malaysia Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad and his ruling National Front coalition won over a two-thirds majority in Parliament. Wan Azizah Ismail, wife of Anwar Ibrahim, led the newly formed National Justice Party (Keadilan) and won her husbands former seat. The Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (Pas), whose leaders favor strict Islamic law, won control of Trengganu state and kept control of Kelantan state.
    (SFC, 11/13/99, p.A12)
1999        Nov 29, Authorities worked with a US FBI team to unearth as many as 100 bodies of disappeared Mexicans and Americans near Ciudad Juarez. Drug traffickers were believed responsible. By Dec 7 eight bodies were recovered. Nine bodies were discovered after 3 weeks and initial estimates were deemed in error. In 2000 Vicente Carillo Fuentes, believed to be in charge of all drug trafficking in Ciudad Juarez, was charged with killing 10 people in the area.
    (SFC, 11/30/99, p.A1)(SFC, 12/8/99, p.A16)(SFC, 12/18/99, p.A16)(SFC, 9/15/00, p.A18)
1999        Nov 29, Protestant and Catholic adversaries formed an extraordinary Northern Ireland government to bring together every branch of opinion within the bitterly divided society.
    (SFC, 11/30/99, p.A1)(AP, 11/29/00)   
1999        Nov 29, In Sudan the rebel Sudan People's Liberation Army rejected the Djibouti reconciliation between the government and an exiled opposition group.
    (SFC, 11/30/99, p.D3)

1999        Nov 30, The FTC approved the $81 billion merger of Exxon and Mobil Oil Corps. begun in Dec 1997.
    (SFC, 12/1/99, p.A1)   
1999        Nov 30, In Seattle riot police struggled with at least 40,000 protestors who forced the World Trade Organization to cancel the opening session of a 3-day 135-nation trade summit meeting. Mayor Paul Schell declared a state of emergency and a night curfew and Gov. Gary Locke called in some 200 unarmed National Guard.
    (SFC, 12/1/99, p.A1)(AP, 11/30/00)
1999        Nov 30, It was reported that the EU passed the Electronic Signature Directive, a law that gave legal status to digital signatures.
    (WSJ, 12/1/99, p.A24B15)
1999        Nov 30, In Kuwait the Parliament rejected a bill that would have allowed women to vote by a vote of 32-30. Only men over 21, who had held Kuwaiti nationality for 20 years, were allowed to vote or run for office.
    (SFC, 12/1/99, p.C5)

1999        Nov, The US FDA started allowing manufacturers to claim that soy products might cut the risk of heart disease. In 2006 long term studies cast doubts on the health benefits of soy-based foods.
    (SFC, 1/23/06, p.A2)(SSCM, 8/13/06, p.7)
1999        Nov, Ecuador’s Pres. Mahuad agreed to a 10-year deal with the US for a $62 million upgrade of the Air Force base at Manta as an advance post for combating narco traffic. In 2006 president-elect Rafael Correa said he would not renew the lease.
    (SFC, 12/31/00, p.B2)(Econ, 12/23/06, p.52)
1999        Nov, Drug trafficker Jose Figueroa Agosto walked out of that Puerto Rican prison after presenting guards with a forged release order. He had served only four years of a 209-year sentence for killing a man suspected of stealing a cocaine shipment. Within a month, he moved to the Dominican Republic, where he was detained as part of a drug investigation in 2001. He was released after two weeks; he used an alias and authorities didn't know his true identity.
    (AP, 3/17/10)
1999        Nov, In Spain Ekin, a civic support organization for the Basque separatist group ETA, was formed with the aim of "impelling independence, nation-building and socialism at street level." On Oct 1, 2011, the Gara newspaper's website said two unidentified spokesmen told it that "Ekin members have ended their endeavors as an organization."
    (AP, 10/1/11)

1999        Dec 1, The WTO met in Seattle for global trade talks to be known as the Seattle Round. A massive "mobilization against globalization" was also planned by activists. The 134-nation WTO began meeting in Seattle for a round of global trade talks under the proposed names "Millennium Round" or "Clinton Round." The purpose of the talks was to reduce tariffs and subsidies and to open markets. The last Uruguay Round lasted for nearly 8 years. Pres. Clinton spoke and urged the WTO to listen to the demands of protestors. Clinton defended his administration’s policies in the face of sometimes violent street demonstrations. Thousands demonstrated on labor and environmental issues and hundreds were arrested.
    (WSJ, 7/16/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 11/29/99, p.A1)(SFC, 12/2/99, p.A1)(AP, 12/1/00)   
1999        Dec 1, The US NIH announced that it would again fund research with controlled safeguards on stem cells from human embryos.
    (SFC, 12/2/99, p.A4)
1999        Dec 1, An international team of scientists announced that they had virtually mapped all 34 million chemical letters of the number 22 human chromosome, the 2nd smallest of the 23 pairs.
    (SFC, 12/2/99, p.A3)(AP, 12/1/00)
1999        Dec 1, On World AIDS Days, United Nations officials released a report estimating that eleven million children worldwide had been orphaned by the pandemic.
    (AP, 12/1/00)
1999        Dec 1, African leaders chose Nelson Mandela as the new mediator for talks on ending the 6-year civil war in Burundi.
    (SFC, 12/2/99, p.D2)
1999        Dec 1, Queen Elizabeth approved a law that granted semi-autonomy to Northern Ireland and a midnight power passed formally from London to Belfast.
    (SFC, 12/2/99, p.A24)
1999        Dec 1, It was reported that the French government had decided to make morning-after contraception pills available to teenage girls through school nurses. 10,000 girls under 18 were becoming pregnant each year and 6,000 were having abortions.
    (SFC, 12/1/99, p.A15)
1999        Dec 1, Ireland joined NATO's Partnership for Peace program.
    (SFC, 12/2/99, p.D2)
1999        Dec 1, Prime Minister Massimo D'Alema of Italy began a 2-day visit to Libya that involved a $5.5 billion oil and gas project involving ENI, an Italian oil company. It was the 1st visit by a Western head of government since sanctions in 1992.
    (SFC, 12/2/99, p.D2)
1999        Dec 1, In Japan Tatsuko Muraoka, acting leader of the Aum Shinri Kyo cult, took responsibility for the 1995 gassing of Tokyo subways, led by former guru Shoko Asahara, and promised some compensation to the victims.
    (SFC, 12/2/99, p.D2)
1999        Dec 1, In Russia the Duma passed a bill that vastly increased the powers of security services to combat terrorism and civil disturbances.
    (WSJ, 12/2/99, p.A1)

1999        Dec 2, All six Republican presidential hopefuls, including Texas Governor George W. Bush, debated in Manchester, New Hampshire.
    (AP, 12/2/00)
1999        Dec 2, Relative calm took over in Seattle, where a meeting of the World Trade Organization was greeted earlier with sometimes violent demonstrations.
    (AP, 12/2/00)
1999        Dec 2, Joey Adams, borscht belt comedian, died at age 88 in Manhattan. He wrote over 40 books which included "The Joey Adams Encyclopedia of Humor."
    (SFC, 12/4/99, p.C2)
1999        Dec 2, Charlie Byrd, jazz guitarist, died at age 74.
    (SFC, 12/3/99, p.D7)
1999        Dec 2, Tim Cole (b.1960), an army veteran convicted of a 1985 rape, died in a Texas prison from complications of asthma. In 2008 Cole was cleared by DNA evidence. In 2010 Texas Gov. Rick Perry pardoned Cole in the state’s first posthumous pardon.
    (SFC, 3/2/10, p.A4)(www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=100249923)
1999        Dec 2, The Euro fell below $1 for the first time to 99.95 cents.
    (SFC, 12/3/99, p.A18)
1999        Dec 2, In Algeria 16 alleged Islamic militants were killed by government soldiers near Chlef, 148 miles west of Algiers.
    (SFC, 12/16/99, p.C2)
1999        Dec 2, In Australian a rail collision outside Sidney killed 7 passengers and injured over 50. A commuter train with 450 people slammed into the back of the transcontinental Indian Pacific with 159 passengers.
    (SFC, 12/3/99, p.D4)
1999        Dec 2, In Austria an explosion leveled a 3-story apartment building in Wilhelmsberg and 9 people were killed.
    (SFC, 12/3/99, p.D5)(WSJ, 12/3/99, p.A1)(SFC, 12/4/99, p.A14)
1999        Dec 2, In Brazil riot police killed one person and wounded 9 others during a worker protest at the Bandeirantes television station in Brasilia.
    (SFC, 12/3/99, p.D5)
1999        Dec 2, Congolese rebels lost Bokungu as Zimbabwean soldiers broke through to save surrounded comrades at Ikela airport.
    (SFC, 12/4/99, p.A14)
1999        Dec 2-4, In Indonesia 3-days of violence in the Maluku Islands (Moluccas) left 31 people dead. Violence that began a year ago had left 700 dead.
    (SFC, 12/6/99, p.A14)
1999        Dec 2, In Mexico Pres. Zedillo suspended the controversial border car-deposit program under angry opposition.
    (SFC, 12/3/99, p.D5)
1999        Dec 2, In Northern Ireland, a power-sharing Cabinet of Protestants and Catholics sat down together for the first time.
    (AP, 12/2/00)

1999        Dec 3, Pres. Clinton offered to reduce bombing practice on Vieques in the spring and use only dummy bombs plus $40 million in economic incentives with phase out in 5 years. Puerto Rico rejected the offer.
    (SFC, 12/4/99, p.A3)
1999        Dec 3, The WTO negotiations in Seattle collapsed with no agreement reached on an agenda for talks.
    (SFC, 12/4/99, p.A1)
1999        Dec 3, Regular but restricted passenger service from NY to Havana was resumed for the 1st time in nearly 4 decades with a flight by Marazul Charters.
    (SFC, 12/4/99, p.A6)
1999        Dec 3, Tori Murden (36) of the United States became the 1st woman to complete a rowboat crossing of the Atlantic. Her 81-day, 7 hr. and 31 min. trip began in the Canary Islands and finished at Fort-du-Bas in Guadeloupe.
    (SFC, 12/4/99, p.A3)
1999        Dec 3, The Mars Polar Lander touched down at the Martian South Pole. 2 probes burrowed into the polar surface to test for water and carbon dioxide. NASA failed to make contact with the $165 million lander following setdown.
    (SFC, 1/4/99, p.A2)(SFC, 12/3/99, p.A3)(SFC, 12/4/99, p.A1)
1999        Dec 3, Ice in Arctic waters was reported to be shrinking by about 14,000 square miles annually. Global warming from human activity was suspected.
    (SFC, 12/3/99, p.A6)
1999        Dec 3, In Worcester, Mass., 6 firefighters died after 4 tried to rescue 2 who were in trouble in a burning warehouse. A homeless couple who allegedly knocked over a candle were later charged with involuntary manslaughter.
    (SFEC, 12/5/99, p.A2)(SFC, 12/8/99, p.A13)
1999        Dec 3, Oscar-nominated actress Madeline Kahn died at age 57.
    (AP, 12/3/00)
1999        Dec 3, A 129 country environmental conference in China agreed to provide poor countries an additional $440 million over 3 years to stop using chemicals that harm the ozone layer.
    (SFC, 12/4/99, p.A14)
1999        Dec 3, In Chechnya some 250 Russian soldiers were reported killed by rebels south of Grozny. Separately as many as 40 Chechen civilians were killed when Russian troops fired on a refugee convoy.
    (SFC, 12/4/99, p.A12)(SFEC, 12/5/99, p.A27)
1999        Dec 3, In the Maldives a helicopter crashed enroute to Male and killed all 10 people onboard.
    (SFC, 12/4/99, p.A14)
1999        Dec 3, In Monaco billionaire banker Edmund Safra (67), founder of the Republic National Bank of New York, was suffocated to death in a fire set by intruders at his home in Monte Carlo. His American nurse, Ted Maher (41), was jealous of other servants and later admitted that he had set the fire and fabricated the intruder story to gain attention. Maher was convicted in 2002 and sentenced to 10 years in prison. Maher escaped but was soon captured.
    (SFC, 12/4/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 12/2/02, p.A1)(SSFC, 9/11/05, Par p.2)

1999        Dec 4, NASA scientists continued to wait in vain for a signal from the Mars Polar Lander, raising questions about the whereabouts of NASA’s $165 million probe. It’s believed the spacecraft was destroyed after it plunged toward the Red Planet.
    (AP, 12/4/00)
1999        Dec 4, In New Mexico 13 people were killed when a van carrying 17 crashed into a tractor-trailer on an icy stretch of I-40 35 miles east of Albuquerque. The victims were undocumented workers from Mexico.
    (SFEC, 12/5/99, p.A12)(WSJ, 12/6/99, p.A1)
1999        Dec 4, In Utah 8 teenagers taking part in a wilderness program for troubled youths beat one counselor and tied another to a tree and fled into the desert. They were all rounded up within days and 7 of 8 accepted plea bargains.
    (SFC, 12/16/99, p.A14)
1999        Dec 4, Rose Bird (b.1936), 25th Chief Justice of the California’s highest court, died of cancer. She had taught criminal and consumer law at Stanford Law School (1972-1974). In 1977 she was appointed as chief justice by Governor Edmund G. Brown, Jr. She left office in January 1987. As Chief Justice she was chair of the Judicial Council of California, the constitutional body responsible for improving state court administration.
    (SFEC, 12/5/99, p.A1)(www.law.stanford.edu/library/wlhbp/articles/RoseBird120699.htm)
1999        Dec 4, In Austria 5 people died and 25 injured when a barrier gave way in a stampede at snow-boarding event in Bergisel Stadium in Innsbruck.
    (SFEC, 12/5/99, p.A26)
1999        Dec 4, In Belgium Prince Philippe married Mathilde d'Udekem.
    (SFEC, 12/5/99, p.A2)
1999        Dec 4, In Chechnya Russian troops pillaged the Alkhan-Yurt village 10 miles southwest of Grozny and killed 17 civilians.
    (SFC, 12/23/99, p.A14)
1999        Dec 4, In Indonesia soldiers shot and wounded at least 12 protestors in Aceh province on the 23rd anniversary of an independence movement. In Irian Jaya province an estimated 20,000 people protested for independence in Nabire, 400 miles west of the capital Jayapura.
    (SFEC, 12/5/99, p.A26)

1999        Dec 5, AFL-CIO chief John Sweeney welcomed the collapse of World Trade Organization talks in Seattle and the failure to agree on a new round of negotiations, telling CBS’ "Face the Nation," "No deal is better than a bad deal."
    (AP, 12/5/00)
1999        Dec 5, Cuban President Fidel Castro demanded that the United States return five-year-old Elian Gonzalez, who was rescued at sea, to his father in Cuba within 72 hours.
    (AP, 12/5/00)
1999        Dec 5, In France Michele Alliot-Marie (53) was elected as the 1st female leader of the conservative Rally for the Republic.
    (SFC, 12/6/99, p.A14)
1999        Dec 5, In Vietnam 4 days of rain caused flooding that left over 109 people dead.
    (SFC, 12/6/99, p.A14)(SFC, 12/7/99, p.B3)

1999        Dec 6, The US Supreme Court, reconsidering its landmark Miranda ruling, agreed to decide whether police still must warn criminal suspects that they have a “right to remain silent." The justices upheld that right the following June.
    (AP, 12/6/04)
1999        Dec 6, SabreTech, an aircraft maintenance company, was convicted of mishandling the oxygen canisters blamed for the cargo hold fire that caused the 1996 ValuJet crash in the Everglades that killed 110 people. Eight of the nine counts were later thrown out on appeal.
    (AP, 12/6/04)
1999        Dec 6, AT&T agreed in principle to give competing Internet providers access to its high-speed cable lines.
    (SFC, 12/6/99, p.A3)
1999        Dec 6, In Oklahoma a boy (13) opened fire with a semiautomatic handgun and injured 4 classmates at Fort Gibson Middle School.
    (SFC, 12/7/99, p.A3)
1999        Dec 6, In Chechnya Russian planes dropped leaflets warning civilians in Grozny to leave or face heavy air and artillery strikes on Dec 11.
    (SFC, 12/7/99, p.A1)
1999        Dec 6, In Tanzania a UN court convicted Georges Rutaganda on 3 of 8 charges of genocide against Tutsis committed when he was vice president of the Interhamwe death squads in Rwanda in 1994.
    (SFC, 12/7/99, p.B2)

1999        Dec 7, Daniel S. Goldin, NASA administrator, acknowledged the failure of the Mars Polar Lander and planned to appoint an independent committee of experts to examine the Mars program. In 2000 it was determined that a computer signal was misread and caused breaking to stop at 130 feet above the surface.
    (SFC, 12/8/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 3/29/00, p.A1)
1999        Dec 7, The Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) filed suit against Napster for being a haven for music piracy.
    (WSJ, 9/9/03, p.B1)
1999        Dec 7, In Germany Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder won re-election as leader of the Social Democrats.
    (SFC, 12/8/99, p.A16)
1999        Dec 7, In Holland a student (17) in Veghel shot and wounded a teacher and 4 fellow students in the 1st school shooting in Dutch history. The student was reported to have been upset over a romance. The student's father (35) and sister (15) were arrested 2 days later as accessories.
    (SFC, 12/8/99, p.A15)(SFC, 12/10/99, p.D8)

1999        Dec 8, US federal investigators arrested 8 alleged terrorist who they plotted attacks in Northern California and Nevada on public utilities, an abortion clinic and a synagogue.
    (SFC, 12/9/99, p.A3)
1999        Dec 8, In Washington DC the FBI arrested Stanislav Borisovich Gusevm, a Russian diplomat, for collecting information transmitted from a bug in the State Department headquarters.
    (SFC, 12/9/99, p.A3)
1999        Dec 8, A civil trial jury in Memphis ruled that the 1968 killing of Rev. Martin Luther King was a conspiracy. The jury concluded that Loyd Jowers, a former café owner, had conspired with elements of the Memphis Police Dept., the federal government and organized crime to kill King.
    (SFC, 12/9/99, p.A1) (SFC, 12/10/99, p.A15)
1999        Dec 8, In Chechnya Russian forces ousted rebels from Urus-Martan.
    (SFC, 12/9/99, p.A16)
1999        Dec 9, In France a court ruled that Seita, the maker of Gauloise and Gitane cigarettes, was partly responsible for the death of a Richard Gourlain, a 3-pack-a-day smoker.
    (SFC, 12/9/99, p.C8)
1999        Dec 8, Israel and Syria agreed to resume peace negotiations following a visit by Madeleine Albright to Damascus.
    (SFC, 12/9/99, p.A1)
1999        Dec 8, In Montenegro Serbian troops occupied the main airport for one day. Montenegro had planned to assume control of the airport Dec 9.
    (SFC, 12/9/99, p.A18)(SFC, 12/10/99, p.D8)
1999        Dec 8, In Morocco a shoddily constructed building collapsed in Fez and at least 47 people were killed.
    (SFC, 12/11/99, p.C2)
1999        Dec 8, In Northern Ireland Gerry Adams accused British spies of eavesdropping on secret discussions with IRA commanders using hidden surveillance gear in one of his party's cars.
    (SFC, 12/9/99, p.C4)
1999        Dec 8, Russia and Belarus signed a 3rd union agreement. It proposed combining currencies by 2005 and the introduction of a joint tax system in 2001.
    (SFC, 12/9/99, p.C4)
1999        Dec 8, Sudan and Uganda signed a peace agreement in a deal brokered by former Pres. Jimmy Carter.
    (SFC, 12/9/99, p.C8)

1999        Dec 9, The US federal CDC issued guidelines that called for states and local public health departments to report all HIV cases either by name or code.
    (SFC, 12/10/99, p.A1)
1999        Dec 9, Scientists reported that nearly complete human cornea cells were grown in a laboratory petri dish.
    (SFC, 12/10/99, p.A6)
1999        Dec 9, Seven Marines were killed after a CH-46 Sea Knight helicopter crashed while ferrying troops between ships 14 miles off Point Loma, Ca.
    (SFC, 12/10/99, p.A3)(SFC, 12/11/99, p.A3)
1999        Dec 9, In Worcester, Massachusetts, six firefighters who had died in a warehouse blaze were honored as fallen heroes by thousands of their brethren from around the world.
    (AP, 12/9/00)
1999        Dec 9, In Missouri a twin-engine Cessna crashed near Branson and all 6 people aboard were killed.
    (SFC, 12/10/99, p.A17)
1999        Dec 9, Xiana La-Shay (7), Xiana Fairchild, was last seen at a school bus stop in Vallejo, Ca. Her skull was found Jan. 19, 2001, in the Los Gatos hills and police focused on Curtis Dean Anderson as the primary suspect. Anderson (1961-2007), while serving a 251-year sentence for another kidnapping, was arrested in 2004 for Xiana’s murder. In 2005 Anderson pleaded guilty to kidnapping, molesting and murdering Xiana.
    (SFEC, 12/12/99, p.C1)(SSFC, 2/4/01, p.A1)(SFC, 5/12/04, p.A6)(SFC, 12/15/05, p.B1)
1999        Dec 9, European leaders gathered in Helsinki for an EU summit. On the agenda was the creation of a defense force, expansion to 28 members and clearing the path for Turkey to join.
    (SFC, 12/10/99, p.D4)
1999        Dec 9, The first day of Ramadan. In Saudi Arabia a young man was scheduled to be beheaded by this day unless the family of a man he killed, while performing the mizmar dance, was paid some $1.3 million in blood money.
    (SFC, 12/6/99, p.A13)

1999        Dec 10, Wen Ho Lee, nuclear physicist, was charged with 59 counts of mishandling classified information at Los Alamos National Laboratory. After three years under suspicion as a spy for China, computer scientist Wen Ho Lee was arrested and charged with removing secrets from secure computers at the Los Alamos weapons lab. Lee was later freed after pleading guilty to one count of downloading restricted data to tape; 58 other counts were dropped.
    (SFC, 12/11/99, p.A1)(AP, 12/10/00)
1999        Dec 10, Death claimed rock singer-musician Rick Danko at age 56.
    (AP, 12/10/00)
1999        Dec 10, Death claimed actress Shirley Hemphill at age 52.
    (AP, 12/10/00)
1999        Dec 10, In Argentina Pres. Fernando de la Rua was inaugurated. His campaign promised to revive the economy.
    (SFC, 5/20/00, p.A8)(WSJ, 8/23/01, p.A9)
1999        Dec 10, In China Pres. Yeltsin of Russia and Pres. Jiang Zemin ended a 2-day summit and swapped pledges of support for Chechnya and Taiwan.
    (SFC, 12/11/99, p.A18)
1999        Dec 10, China signed a deal to advance Belgrade some $300 million in cash and credits for reconstruction.
    (SFC, 12/11/99, p.C2)
1999        Dec 10, More than two million people marched in Cuba to demand the return of Elian Gonzalez.
    (AP, 12/10/00)
1999        Dec 10, In Croatia Pres. Franjo Tudjman died at age 77. Vlatko Pavletic (1930-2007), speaker of Croatia's parliament, began serving as acting president for two months.
    (SFC, 12/11/99, p.A16)(AP, 9/19/07)   
1999        Dec 10, The EU accepted Turkey as a candidate for membership. It also agreed to draft a common defense policy with a deployment force of 60,000 peacekeepers by 2003 to diffuse crises at its doorstep. Preliminary consideration for membership was also granted to Bulgaria, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia, and Malta.
    (SFC, 12/11/99, p.A16)
1999        Dec 10, In Kuwait a US airmen was instantly killed when an Air Force C-130 transport landed short of the runway at Al Jaber Air Base. The plane regained altitude, dumped fuel and made an emergency belly landing following which 2 more airmen were killed. The pilot was charged with involuntary manslaughter for killing three servicemen by crashing the plane.
    (www.globalsecurity.org/military/facility/ahmed-al-jaber.htm)(http://tinyurl.com/2sebsu)

1999        Dec 10, In Mexico masked men with guns attacked a prison in Chiapas and 44 of 239 inmates fled and a 5-month old child, whose mother was visiting her husband, was killed.
    (SFC, 12/11/99, p.C2)
1999        Dec 10, In South Korea nearly 20,000 people gathered for a labor rally in Seoul that turned violent and left 160 people injured.
    (SFC, 12/11/99, p.C2)
1999        Dec 10, The UN extended Iraq's "oil-for-food" program for 6 months and set the stage for the suspension of sanctions if UN weapon's inspectors are allowed back into the country.
    (SFC, 12/11/99, p.C1)

1999        Dec 11, Ron Dayne, Wisconsin’s record-setting tailback, was a landslide winner in the Heisman Trophy balloting.
    (AP, 12/11/00)
1999        Dec 11, Agreeing with his wife, President Clinton told CBS Radio his 1993 "don’t ask, don’t tell" policy on gays in the military wasn’t working, and he pledged to work with the Pentagon to find a way to fix it.
    (AP, 12/11/00)
1999        Dec 11, In Algeria 15 people were massacred outside Blida. Many of the victims were burned alive in a van.
    (SFC, 12/15/99, p.B3)
1999        Dec 11, In the Azores a SATA airline ATP turboprop crashed on Sao Jorge island and all 35 people aboard were killed.
    (SFEC, 12/12/99, p.D1)
1999        Dec 11, In Chechnya Russian forces halted attacks on Grozny to give an estimated 10-40,000 civilians a chance to leave. An estimated 4,000 rebel fighters were holed up there.
    (SFEC, 12/12/99, p.A26)
1999        Dec 11, In Chile presidential elections were held. Ricardo Lagos, a leftist moderate, was the candidate for the governing Concertacion. Joaquin Lagos, a right-wing populist, was a member of Opus Dei, a conservative Catholic organization.
    (SFC, 12/11/99, p.A16)
1999        Dec 11, In Sri Lanka rebels led by Villupillai Prabhakaran pushed toward Jaffna with an attack at Elephant Pass. The Defense Ministry claimed that 261 rebels were killed as opposed to 12 soldiers and 4 civilians. Rebels put their losses at 38.
    (SFC, 12/15/99, p.A17)
1999        Dec 11, In Uganda anti-government rebels killed at least 21 people in 2 attacks. In one the Congo-based Allied Democratic Forces raided police headquarters in Bundibugyo and killed 9 people.
    (SFC, 12/14/99, p.B2)

1999        Dec 12, Joseph Heller, author of "Catch-22," died at age 76 in East Hampton, N.Y. His 1998 memoir was titled "Now and Then: From Coney Island to Here." Other novels included "God Knows" (1984) and "Closing Time" (1994). His final work was "Portrait of an Artist as an Old Man." In 2011 Tracy Dougherty authored “Just One Catch: A Biography of Joseph Heller."
    (SFC, 12/14/99, p.A10)(WSJ, 6/9/00, p.W9)(SSFC, 8/21/11, p.F1)
1999        Dec 12, The Int'l. Olympic Committee enacted sweeping reforms that included a ban on visits by members to bid cities.
    (SFC, 12/13/99, p.A1)
1999        Dec 12, On Guam a referendum was scheduled to choose independence, US statehood or free association status.
    (SFC, 11/24/98, p.A14)
1999        Dec 12, The Erika, a Maltese registered oil tanker, broke in two during a storm off the coast of Brest, France, with 8 million gallons of diesel oil. Half the ship was towed to deeper waters and 3 million gallons were spilled. In 2008 a French court found Total SA guilty of maritime pollution and fined it the maximum penalty of $560,000. It also ordered Total and three other defendants to pay total damages of $285 million.
    (SFC, 12/13/99, p.A13)(WSJ, 12/13/99, p.A1)(SFC, 11/20/02, p.A14)(AP, 1/16/08)
1999        Dec 12, In Chile Ricardo Lagos and Joaquin Lavin stood at a virtual tie in presidential elections. A runoff was set for Jan 16.
    (SFC, 12/13/99, p.A12)
1999        Dec 12-1999 Dec 17, A 6.8 earthquake hit the Philippines at Luzon and at least 5 people were killed. A 4.8 earthquake struck Leyte province. In Manila a power outage was caused by jellyfish sucked into water intakes of power plants. The jelly fish pulled from cooling pumps filled 50 dump trucks.
    (SFC, 12/18/99, p.A28)
1999        Dec 12, Sudan's Pres. Omar el-Bashir dissolved parliament, headed by Hassan Turabi, under a 3-month state of emergency. He cited internal and foreign threats. Parliament had been due to enact new constitutional amendments that would have taken away the president’s say in the appointment of provincial governors.
    (WSJ, 12/13/99, p.A1)(SFC, 12/14/99, p.A12)(Econ, 6/28/03, p.48)

1999        Dec 13, In a spirited presidential campaign debate, Texas Governor George W. Bush and Senator John McCain fought over tax policy and farm subsidies, while McCain was pushed to defend his centerpiece campaign finance proposals.
    (AP, 12/13/00)
1999        Dec 13, In Louisiana 8 Cuban nationals at the St. Matin Parish jail in St. Martinville took as hostage Warden Todd Louvierre, 2 deputies, and 5 inmates. They demanded either freedom or deportation. 2 Cubans surrendered on Dec 17 and freed 3 female hostages. An agreement was reached Dec 18 for the Cubans to return to Cuba.
    (SFC, 12/15/99, p.A3)(SFC, 12/18/99, p.A3)(SFEC, 12/19/99, p.A18)
1999        Dec 13, Mayfield Fund and @Ventures, the affiliated venture capital arm of CMGI, announced that they have completed the initial $7.50 million round of venture capital funding for a photography Internet startup. Snapfish.com, formerly code-named 'Project SkyTalk,' will offer a revolutionary new business model in the photography market. In 2005 the company was acquired by Hewlett-Packard.
    (www.snapfish.com/release12132000)(SFC, 4/10/10, p.D1)
1999        Dec 13, In Algeria militants attacked and killed 11 nomads in the desert town of Taghit, 620 miles southwest of Algiers.
    (SFC, 12/15/99, p.B3)
1999        Dec 13, In Colombia leftist rebels attacked a naval base at Jurado near Panama and 23 marines were killed and dozens wounded.
    (SFC, 12/14/99, p.B2)
1999        Dec 13, In his first major test on the road to peace with Syria, Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak won parliamentary backing for opening negotiations with Damascus.
    (AP, 12/13/00)
1999        Dec 13, Israeli troops killed 2 men in Beit Awa in the West Bank and captured 3 others during a search for Hamas activists.
    (SFC, 12/14/99, p.B2)
1999        Dec 13, Ireland and Northern Ireland began cross-border cooperation with a meeting in Armagh. Twice yearly summits called the North-South Ministerial Summit represented the first political link since partition in 1920.
    (SFC, 12/14/99, p.A12)
1999        Dec 13, In Lesotho Val Pringle (63), American entertainer, was stabbed to death while confronting burglars at his home outside Maseru. Police later arrested 2 men suspected in the murder.
    (SFC, 12/21/99, p.C8)

1999        Dec 14, In Seattle Ahmed Ressam (32), an Algerian, was arrested after crossing the border at Port Angeles from Canada with a car trunk with over 150 pounds of bomb-making materials that included 200 pounds of urea, timing devices and a bottle of RDX, cyclotrimethylene trinitramine. Canadian authorities later issued an arrest warrant for Abdelmajed Dahoumane for possessing or making explosives. Dahoumane was arrested in Algeria In Oct, 2000. In 2001 Ressam admitted that he planned to detonate a bomb at the LA Int’l. Airport. Mokhtar Haouari provided fake ID and $3,000 to Ressam. Haouari was sentenced to 24 years in prison in 2002. In 2005 Ressam was sentenced to 22 years in prison.
    (SFC, 12/18/99, p.A1)(SFC, 12/20/99, p.D3)(SFC, 12/25/99, p.A3)(SFC, 12/30/99, p.A5)(SFC, 12/7/00, p.C10)(SFC, 5/30/01, p.A5)(SFC, 1/17/02, p.A12)(SFC, 7/28/05, p.A3)
1999        Dec 14, The New York City Board of Education identified nine employees, four regular teachers, two substitute teachers and three teachers' aides who were dismissed last week for helping students cheat on standardized tests.
    (http://tinyurl.com/yz8ucj)
1999        Dec 14, Charles Schultz, creator of the Peanuts cartoon, announced that he would retire and that the last Peanuts cartoon would appear Feb 13, 2000.
    (SFC, 12/15/99, p.A1)
1999        Dec 14, In Mission Viejo, Ca., a main water pipeline ruptured and cut supplies to 14 communities in south Orange County.
    (SFC, 12/15/99, p.A3)
1999        Dec 14, In Germany US, German and industry officials negotiators agreed to establish a $5.2 billion fund for Nazi-era slave and forced laborers.
    (SFC, 12/15/99, p.A1)(AP, 12/14/00)
1999        Dec 14, It was reported that Hong Kong Chief Executive Tung Chee-hwa had recently announced a $3.75 billion environmental crusade in an effort to reduce pollution. An 80% reduction in nitrogen oxide emissions by 2005 was planned. Hong Kong's yearly emissions for sulfur dioxide was 80,000 tons. Guangdong Province on the Chinese mainland put out 630,000 tons.
    (SFC, 12/14/99, p.A,12,14)
1999        Dec 14, In Jammu-Kashmir, India, at least 6 people were killed in clashes between secessionist guerrillas and security forces.
    (SFC, 12/15/99, p.B3)
1999        Dec 14, In Mexico a passenger bus collided head-on with a gas truck and at least 26 people were killed near Salvatierra in Guanajuato.
    (SFC, 12/15/99, p.B3)
1999        Dec 14, In Panama former US Pres. Jimmy Carter symbolically turned over the Panama Canal. The official ownership transfer date was Dec 31.
    (SFC, 12/15/99, p.A16)
1999        Dec 14, In Romania Pres. Constantinescu fired Prime Minister Radu Vasile, though the constitution did not grant him that power. Alexandru Athanasiu, the Labor and Social Welfare minister, was named to replace Vasile. The average monthly salary was down to $89.
    (SFC, 12/14/99, p.B2)
1999        Dec 14, In South Africa Clarence Mlokoti (69), co-founder of the Kaizer Chiefs soccer team, was killed during an attempted car-jacking in Soweto.
    (SFC, 12/16/99, p.C2)

1999        Dec 15, With President Clinton’s close mediation, Syria reopened peace talks with Israel in Washington.
    (AP, 12/15/00)
1999        Dec 15, The US and China agreed to a $28 million compensation package for damage to the Chinese embassy in Belgrade on May 7. China agreed to pay $2.87 million for damage to the US Embassy and consular offices.
    (SFC, 12/16/99, p.A16)
1999        Dec 15, In Virginia a rule took effect for prison inmates to either cut their hair no longer than their collars and shave their beards, or be placed in administrative segregation. Kendall Gibson (21), a Rastafarian by faith and sentenced to 47 years on robbery, abduction and gun charges, refused to have his hair cut and was placed in administrative segregation where he still remained as of 2010.
    (AP, 5/8/10)
1999        Dec 15, In Algeria suspected Islamic militants killed 11 government soldiers and wounded 22 others near Chlef, 148 miles west of Algiers.
    (SFC, 12/16/99, p.C2)
1999        Dec 15, In Chechnya at least 115 Russian soldiers were killed by rocket propelled grenades fired by Chechen guerrillas in Grozny.
    (SFC, 12/16/99, p.A1)(SFC, 12/17/99, p.A12)
1999        Dec 15, In North Korea a US led consortium signed a $4.6 billion deal to build 2 nuclear reactors in Kumho.
    (SFC, 12/16/99, p.C2)
1999        Dec 15, In Sri Lanka Brig. Sunil Tennakoon said 480 rebels had been killed in the attack at Elephant Pass, as opposed to 28 soldiers and that the mass assault was blocked. Guerrillas said 38 fighters were killed as opposed to over 100 soldiers.
    (SFC, 12/16/99, p.C2)
1999        Dec 15, In Venezuela a vote for the approval of the 26th new constitution was scheduled. The new document contained 368 articles and included the possibility of recall referendums. Voters approved the new constitution which included changing the name of the country to the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.
    (WSJ, 11/26/99, p.A11)(SFC, 12/16/99, p.A16)(Econ, 2/28/04, p.36)(Econ, 3/15/14, p.15)

1999        Dec 16, Israel and Syria ended two days of inconclusive peace talks and scheduled a resumption for Jan 3.
    (SFC, 12/17/99, p.A12)(AP, 12/16/00)
1999        Dec 16, In Lebanon shelling by the Israeli allied South Lebanon Army his an elementary school and 20 children were wounded.
    (SFC, 12/17/99, p.D8)
1999        Dec 16, In Venezuela torrential rains flooded 9 northern states and Caracas and forced some 120,000 people to flee their homes. Over 1000 people were killed in Vargas state and 25,000 were described missing.
    (SFC, 12/17/99, p.D6)(SFC, 12/18/99, p.A14)(SFC, 12/20/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 12/20/99, p.A1)

1999        Dec 17, President Clinton signed a law letting millions of disabled Americans retain their government-funded health coverage when they take a job.
    (AP, 12/17/00)
1999        Dec 17, Grover Washington Jr., jazz saxophonist, died at age 56 during a TV taping session in NYC.
    (SFC, 12/18/99, p.C5)
1999        Dec 17, The UN Security Council (Resolution 1284) ended a yearlong deadlock and voted to create a new inspection team (UNMOVIC) to complete the disarmament of Iraq.
    (SFC, 12/18/99, p.A1)(AP, 12/17/00)(SFC, 9/24/02, p.A12)

1999        Dec 18, In St. Martinville, Louisiana, Cuban inmates who’d held a jail warden and six others hostage for almost a week surrendered.
    (AP, 12/18/00)
1999        Dec 18,  After living atop an ancient redwood in Humboldt County, California, for two years, environmental activist Julia "Butterfly" Hill came down to Earth, ending her anti-logging protest.
    (AP, 12/18/00)
1999        Dec 18, French film director Robert Bresson died in Paris at age 98.
    (AP, 12/18/00)
1999        Dec 18, Iraq rejected the UN proposal for an inspection plan that would lead to suspension of sanctions.
    (SFEC, 12/19/99, p.A24)
1999        Dec 18, In Italy Prime Minister Massimo D'Alema resigned and brought an end to the 56th government since WW II.
    (SFEC, 12/19/99, p.A26)
1999        Dec 18, In Serbia Zoran Vukicevic (38) was killed and 9 others wounded when gunmen opened fired on the only Serb café in Orahovac. Vukicevic was at least the 146th Serb killed since NATO peacekeepers entered Kosovo.
    (SFEC, 12/19/99, p.A29)
1999        Dec 18, In Colombo, Sri Lanka, a suicide bomb attack wounded Pres. Chandrika Kumaratunga and killed 26 people. Another bomb at a rally of the United National Party killed at least 11 people and injured 40 others. Tamil rebels were blamed. In 2010 Sakthivel Ilankesvaran, an ethnic Tamil man employed as a driver, was sentenced to 30 years of hard labor.
    (SFEC, 12/19/99, p.A21)(WSJ, 12/20/99, p.A1)(AP, 10/27/10)
1999        Dec 18, In Zimbabwe Pres. Mugabe announced at a convention of the ruling party that land would be seized from whites and that the constitutional clause guaranteeing compensation would be scrapped.
    (SFC, 12/20/99, p.A13)

1999        Dec 19, The shuttle Discovery was launched following 9 delays from Cape Canaveral with 7 astronauts on a mission to repair the Hubble Space Telescope.
    (SFC, 12/20/99, p.A3)
1999        Dec 19, Actor Desmond Llewelyn (85), who’d starred as the eccentric gadget expert Q in a string of James Bond films, was killed in a car crash in East Sussex, England.
    (AP, 12/19/00)
1999        Dec 19, Macau spent its last day under Portuguese control before being handed back to China, ending 442 years of colonial rule.
    (AP, 12/19/00)
1999        Dec 19, In Maluku province, Indonesia, a least 5 people were killed in a clash between Christians and Muslims in Ambon. In Aceh province at least 3 paramilitary police were killed by separatist guerrillas.
    (SFC, 12/21/99, p.C8)
1999        Dec 19, In Russia parliamentary elections were held. The Communist Party led with over24% of the vote. 4 of the next 5 parties were centrist groups with Unity at 23.2%.
    (SFC, 12/20/99, p.A1)(SFC, 12/22/99, p.C9)

1999        Dec 20, A federal judge ruled that a school voucher program in Cleveland violates the Constitution's separation of church and state.
    (SFC, 12/21/99, p.A1)
1999        Dec 20, The Vermont Supreme Court ruled that homosexual couples were entitled to the same benefits and protections as wedded couples of the opposite sex.
    (SFC, 12/21/99, p.A1)(AP, 12/20/00)
1999        Dec 20, The near Earth Asteroid Rendezvous spacecraft was scheduled to begin its orbit of the Eros asteroid, a rock about 24 miles by 8 in size.
    (SFC, 10/13/98, p.A5)
1999        Dec 20, Country music legend Hank Snow died in Nashville, Tennessee, at age 85.
    (AP, 12/20/00)
1999        Dec 20, In Burundi Gabriel Gisabwamana, a Hutu member of parliament, was shot and killed by soldiers at a checkpoint after the 10 p.m. curfew.
    (SFC, 12/22/99, p.C11)
1999        Dec 20, In Colombia the biggest rebel group called a holiday truce through Jan 9. The last week of fighting killed some 220 soldiers and guerrillas.
    (WSJ, 12/21/99, p.A1)
1999        Dec 20, Macao, a enclave of 430,000 under Portugal, reverted to Chinese control. Edmond Ho, local banker, took over to head the new government. Local autonomy was to be had for at least 50 years.
    (WSJ, 10/26/95, p.A-18)(SFEC, 12/19/99, p.A28)(SFC, 12/20/99, p.A10)
1999        Dec 20, Singapore Airlines agreed to buy a 49% stake in Richard Branson’s Virgin Atlantic.
    (www.iht.com/articles/1999/12/21/virgin.2.t.php)

1999        Dec 21, Amid heightened concerns about the possibility of a holiday terrorist attack, security was ordered tightened at American airports and the Pentagon said it was taking "appropriate action" to protect US forces overseas.
    (AP, 12/21/00)
1999        Dec 21, The US blocked $498 million in loan guarantees to the Russian Tyumen Oil Co. following charges of illegal control of a bankruptcy proceeding.
    (SFC, 12/22/99, p.A18)
1999        Dec 21, In Guatemala City a Cubana de Aviacion DC-10 skidded and crashed on landing. At least 26 people were killed.
    (SFC, 12/22/99, p.C9)
1999        Dec 21, In Sri Lanka presidential elections were held. At least 7 people were killed in poll violence. Pres. Chandrika Kumaratunga won 51% of the vote. Ranil Wickremesinghe, the nearest rival, won 43%.
    (WSJ, 11/24/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 12/22/99, p.A1)(SFC, 12/23/99, p.C10)

1999        Dec 22, President Clinton urged Americans not to panic despite enhanced security measures prompted by fears of terrorism.
    (AP, 12/22/00)
1999        Dec 22, In Atlanta, Georgia, federal drug police seized $72 million worth of cocaine in "Operation Juno," a 3 year sting operation that also netted $10-26 million laundered through a fake brokerage firm. 5 people were arrested in Tucker and another 47 nationwide.
    (SFC, 12/23/99, p.A2)(WSJ, 12/23/99, p.A1)
1999        Dec 22,  An Algerian accused of trying to smuggle nitroglycerin and other bomb-making materials into the United States from Canada pleaded innocent in Seattle to all five counts of a federal indictment. Ahmed Ressam was convicted in April 2001 of terrorist conspiracy and eight other charges.
    (AP, 12/22/04)
1999        Dec 22, In Chicago Louis Farrakhan, leader of the Nation of Islam, preached a new line and called for an end to "the cycle of violence and the cycle of hatred."
    (SFC, 12/23/99, p.A3)
1999        Dec 22, Two astronauts from the shuttle "Discovery" went on a spacewalk to replace broken instruments in the Hubble Space Telescope.
    (AP, 12/22/00)
1999        Dec 22, In Algeria a 5.8 earthquake struck near Oran and at least 20 people were killed and 75 injured.
    (SFC, 12/23/99, p.C7)
1999        Dec 22, In Britain a Korean Air 747 cargo plane crashed near London and all 4 people aboard were killed.
    (SFC, 12/23/99, p.C7)
1999        Dec 22, In Italy Premier Massimo D'Alema won a vote of confidence for a new cabinet.
    (SFC, 12/23/99, p.C7)
1999        Dec 22, In Mozambique Pres. Joaquim Chissano was declared the winner of elections that were held earlier in the month. He won 52% as opposed to 48% for Afonso Dhlakama of the Mozambique Resistance Movement, known as Renamo. In parliament Frelimo won 133 seats vs. 117 for Renamo.
    (SFC, 12/23/99, p.C7)
1999        Dec 22, In the Philippines the MV Asia South Korea ferry with 606 passengers sank southeast of Manila near Bantayan Island and at least 9 people were killed. 58 people were missing.
    (SFC, 12/23/99, p.C7)(SFC, 12/24/99, p.A11)
1999        Dec 22, In Spain police found a 2nd van loaded with 1,650 pounds of explosives in Alhama de Aragon. Two days earlier a van, bound for Madrid, was stopped with 1,980 pounds of explosives.
    (SFC, 12/24/99, p.A20)
1999        Dec 22, In Venezuela 2 helicopters crashed on aid missions and at least 4 people were killed.
    (WSJ, 12/23/99, p.A1)

1999        Dec 23, President Clinton pardoned Freddie Meeks, a black sailor court-martialed for mutiny during World War II when he and other sailors refused to load live ammunition following a deadly explosion at the Port Chicago Naval Magazine near San Francisco that had claimed more than 300 lives.
    (AP, 12/23/00)
1999        Dec 23, The Nasdaq composite index briefly crossed 4,000 and closed at a record high for the 58th time in 1999.
    (AP, 12/23/00)
1999        Dec 23, In Keokuk, Iowa, a house fire left 3 children and 3 firemen dead. Dave McNally (48), Jason Bitting (29) and Nate Tuck (39) were caught in a flashover.
    (SFC, 12/24/99, p.A5)
1999        Dec 23, In Greece Avraam Lesperoglou, was arrested in Athens. He was the country's most wanted terrorist and suspected to be a member of the Anti-State Struggle, which killed a public prosecutor in 1985.
    (SFC, 12/25/99, p.A14)
1999        Dec 23, In Ivory Coast soldiers went on a rampage in Abidjan with gunshots and looting in protest over money and perks.
    (SFC, 12/24/99, p.A12)
1999        Dec 23, In Haiti violence began when a customer was killed trying to cash in a winning lottery ticket. 50 tin-roofed shacks were torched in Cite Soleil.
    (SFC, 12/24/99, p.A20)
1999        Dec 23, Italian Premier Massimo D'Alema won parliamentary approval for the 57th government. The Cabinet included 5 new members and 20 holdovers.
    (SFC, 12/24/99, p.A20)
1999        Dec 23, In Sri Lanka fighting broke out at Iyakachchi and at least 101 guerrillas and soldiers were later reported killed.
    (SFC, 12/25/99, p.A14)

1999        Dec 24, Most of California’s citrus crop was considered ruined after three straight nights of freezing cold.
    (AP, 12/24/00)
1999        Dec 24, The Catholic Jubilee Holy Year began Christmas eve and was scheduled to last to Jan 6, 2001. The Church was expected to ask for forgiveness for past errors. The bronze door to St. Peter's was opened and symbolized the passage from sin to grace.
    (SFC, 12/25/98, p.A18)(SFC, 12/25/99, p.A12)
1999        Dec 24, In Algeria Islamic militants killed 29 people at a roadblock near Khemis Miliana, some 50 miles west of Algiers.
    (SFC, 12/25/99, p.A14)
1999        Dec 24, In Ivory Coast Gen. Robert Guei declared a military coup and an end to the rule by Pres. Henri Konan Bedie.
    (SFC, 12/25/99, p.A12)
1999        Dec 24, In Nepal 5 Sikh men, members of the Kashmir Harakut ul-Mujahedeen, hijacked an Indian Airlines A-300 Airbus with 189 people onboard. After 3 stops for refueling it landed in Kandahar, Afghanistan, where it was surrounded by Taliban militia. 26 passengers were released in Dubai. They called for the release of Maulana Massood Azhar, a Pakistani religious leader and other Kashmiri militants. They later raised their demands to $200 million, the release of 35 jailed guerrillas and the exhumation of a dead comrade buried in India. [see Dec 29]
    (SFC, 12/25/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 12/27/99, p.A1)(SFC, 12/28/99, p.A9)(SFC, 12/29/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 9/14/01, p.A5)
1999        Dec 24, Ignoring NATO warnings, Serb tanks and troops struck an ethnic Albanian stronghold in Kosovo.
    (AP, 12/24/00)
1999        Dec 24, In South Africa 7 policemen were injured after responding to a bomb threat in Cape Town.
    (WSJ, 12/27/99, p.A1)

1999        Dec 25, Space shuttle "Discovery’s" astronauts finished their repair job on the Hubble Space Telescope.
    (SFEC, 12/26/99, p.A17)(AP, 12/25/00)
1999        Dec 25, Erik de Mul, the UN Afghan coordinator reached Kandahar, Afghanistan, and began negotiations with Sikh hijackers.
    (SFEC, 12/26/99, p.A1)
1999        Dec 25, A Cuban airplane, Russian-made YAK-42, crashed just before landing in the northern Venezuelan state of Carabobo and all 22 people onboard were killed.
    (SFEC, 12/26/99, p.D6)(WSJ, 12/27/99, p.A1)
1999        Dec 25, Russian forces launched an attack on Grozny led by 700 pro-Moscow Chechen volunteers.
    (SFEC, 12/26/99, p.A1)

1999        Dec 26, The crew of space shuttle "Discovery" packed up its tools and prepared to return home after an eight-day mission of repairs to the Hubble Space Telescope that NASA declared a success.
    (AP, 12/26/00)
1999        Dec 26, Time Magazine named Albert Einstein (d.1955) as the Person of the Century.
    (SFC, 12/27/99, p.C2)
1999        Dec 26, Curtis Mayfield, soul singer and songwriter, died at age 57 in Roswell, Georgia. His songs included "People Get Ready," "Superfly" (1972), Gypsy Woman," and "It's All Right."
    (SFC, 12/27/99, p.C4)
1999        Dec 26, In Angola government forces with help from Namibian troops captured Jamba and took control of the southern border with Namibia.
    (SFC, 12/27/99, p.A13)
1999        Dec 26, In China 4 alleged ringleaders of the Falun Gong were convicted and sentenced for 7-18 years for stealing "state secrets," organizing a cult to disrupt law and order, and causing deaths.
    (SFC, 12/27/99, p.A1)
1999        Dec 26, In Europe heavy winds and rain killed 88 people in France, 17 dead in Germany and 13 dead in Switzerland. A 2nd storm hit a day later. Damages from the storms were later estimated to be at least $4 billion. The storms destroyed an estimated 400 million trees across France.
    (SFC, 12/27/99, p.A12)(WSJ, 12/27/99, p.A1)(SFC, 12/28/99, p.A8)(SFC, 1/4/00, p.A11)(SFC, 1/15/00, p.A1)(AP, 1/25/09)
1999        Dec 26, Alfonso Portillo, a populist lawyer, scored a resounding victory in Guatemala’s first peacetime presidential elections in nearly 40 years.
    (AP, 12/26/00)
1999        Dec 26, In Indonesia Frenchman Michael Blanc was arrested with 3.8 kg (8.4 pounds) of hash hidden in diving canisters. Blanc maintained his innocence, insisting that he was given the diving canisters to transport by a friend. In 2000 he was convicted and sentenced to life in prison. On Jan 20, 2014 he was freed on parole.
    (AP, 1/20/14)
1999        Dec 26, In Iran members of the opposition Mujahedeen Khalq crossed from Iraq and attacked Republican Guard barracks in Khuzestan.
    (SFC, 12/27/99, p.A13)
1999        Dec 26, In the Ivory Coast Pres. Henri Konan Bedie fled with his family to Lome, Togo, following the military coup.
    (SFC, 12/27/99, p.A13)

1999        Dec 27, Six inmates, including four convicted killers, escaped from Riverbend Maximum Security Institution in Tennessee. All were recaptured by the end of next day.
    (AP, 12/27/00)
1999        Dec 27, A week after she was born weighing just ten-point-three ounces, the smallest of the Houston octuplets (Chijindu Chidera) died from heart and lung failure.
    (AP, 12/27/00)
1999        Dec 27, Leonard H. Goldenson (94), former television executive, who’d built ABC into a network powerhouse, died in Longboat Key, Fla.
    (AP, 12/27/04)
1999        Dec 27, Space shuttle Discovery landed at Cape Canaveral, Fla., following a successful repair of the Hubble Space Telescope.
    (SFC, 12/28/99, p.A3)
1999        Dec 27, In Indonesia rival mobs of Muslims and Christians clashed in Maluku province and at least 39 people were killed.
    (SFC, 12/28/99, p.A10)
1999        Dec 27, In northeast Pakistan Salamat Shah, a Shiite Muslim, opened fire and killed 12 members of a rival Sunni Muslim group, Sipa-e-Sahaba, during a funeral procession in Sikunder Pur.
    (SFC, 12/28/99, p.A10)

1999        Dec 28, Officials in Seattle canceled a public New Year's Eve celebration due to security concerns.
    (SFC, 12/29/99, p.A3)
1999        Dec 28, The death toll from storms across Western Europe reached 120.
    (SFC, 12/29/99, p.A12)
1999        Dec 28, Clayton Moore, TV star of the Lone Ranger series, died at age 85. His 169 [221] episodes ran from 1949-1957, featured Jay Silverheels as Tonto and Fred Foy as the announcer: "Return with us now to those thrilling days of yesteryear…" His 1996 autobiography was titled "I Was That Masked Man."
    (SFC, 12/29/99, p.A1,11)

1999        Dec 29, The Nasdaq composite stock index closed over 4,000 for the first time (4041.46). It had passed 3,000 only a few months earlier.
    (SFC, 12/30/99, p.A1)(AP, 12/29/00)
1999        Dec 29, In Afghanistan the Indian Airlines hijackers dropped their demands for a $200 million ransom and the body of a Kashmiri militant but haggled over the number of militants to be released.
    (SFC, 12/30/99, p.A1)
1999        Dec 29, In Austria an avalanche killed 9 German tourists hiking near Galtuer. 13 people were buried but 4 survived.
    (SFC, 12/30/99, p.A20)
1999        Dec 29, In Indonesia 3 days of strife between Christians and Muslims on Halmahera Island in North Maluka province left some 250 people dead.
    (SFC, 12/30/99, p.A20)(SFC, 12/31/99, p.D6)
1999        Dec 29, Israel released 26 Palestinian security prisoners as part of the interim peace accord. It was the first time Israel had released Palestinians who had killed Israelis or tourists.
    (SFC, 12/30/99, p.C2)
1999        Dec 29, A Russian oil tanker broke up and sank near the mouth of the Bosporus and coated the Turkish shore with some 4,800 tons of heavy fuel.
    (WSJ, 12/30/99, p.A1)
1999        Dec 29, In South Africa police arrested 3 members of a Muslim vigilante gang and seized bomb materials linked to recent bombings near Cape Town.
    (WSJ, 12/30/99, p.A1)

1999        Dec 30, In Tampa, Fla., Silvio Izquierdo-Leyva, an employee at the Radisson Bay Harbor Inn, shot and killed 4 co-workers and a motorist as he tempted to steal a car before police arrested him. Izquierdo-Leyva later pleaded guilty and was sentenced to life.
    (SFC, 12/31/99, p.A1)(AP, 12/30/04)
1999        Dec 30, In Oregon an 80-foot power-line tower was toppled 26 miles east of Bend. It was described as an isolated case of criminal mischief. 2 suspects were arrested in 2005.
    (SFC, 1/1/00, p.D4)(SFC, 12/9/05, p.A6)
1999        Dec 30, Sarah "Sadie" Clark Knauss, listed by the Guinness Book of Records as the oldest person with a verifiable date of birth, died in Allentown, Pennsylvania, at age 119.
    (AP, 12/30/00)
1999        Dec 30, In England former Beatle George Harrison was stabbed in his home in Henley-on-Thames after Michael Abram (33), a mentally ill former heroin addict, broke in. Abram was later acquitted of attempted murder by reason of insanity.
    (SFC, 12/31/99, p.A1,18)(AP, 12/30/00)
1999        Dec 30, In Indonesia strife between Christians and Muslims left some 74 people killed after 4 days of violence.
    (SFC, 12/31/99, p.D6)
1999        Dec 30-31, A rubber raft with some 59 refugees capsized while trying to cross the Adriatic between Albania and Italy. One body was found in Jan.
    (SFC, 1/19/00, p.A14)

1999        Dec 31, The $500,000 Anheuser-Busch prize to the first person of team to circle the globe in a balloon expires. An additional $500,000 goes to a charity of the winner’s choice.
    (SFC, 1/1/98, p.A6)
1999        Dec 31, The US was by a 1977 treaty required to give up control of the Panama Canal and withdraw its forces by this date. The treaty also required the US to pay for environmental cleanup.
    (SFC, 10/2/96, p.A8)(SFC, 10/15/98, p.C5)
1999        Dec 31, An arson attack of the genetic research building at Michigan State University caused $3.7 million in damages. Frank Ambrose of Detroit later admitted to the arson and went undercover for investigations of eco-terrorism. In 2008 Ambrose was sentenced to 9 years in prison.
    (WSJ, 10/11/08, p.A7)(www.earthfirstjournal.org/article.php?id=409)(SFC, 10/21/08, p.A3)
1999        Dec 31, Elliot L. Richardson (79), former Attorney General, died in Boston.
    (AP, 12/31/04)
1999        Dec 31, In Afghanistan the hijackers of an Indian airline Flight 814 (see Dec 24) released all 150 hostages after India released 3 jailed militants: Maulana Masood Azhar, leader of the Harkat-ul-Ansar rebel group, Omar Sheikh and Mushtaq Zargat, an Indian Kashmiri. 4 hijackers came off the plane and left one dead hijacker behind. The Taliban gave them 10 hours to leave the country.
    (SFC, 1/1/00, p.A19)(SFEC, 1/2/00, p.A25)
1999        Dec 31, Burundian soldiers killed at least 43 people including children in the Kabezi commune in Bujumbura Rural province.
    (SFC, 1/8/00, p.A10)
1999        Dec 31, In Congo Jean-Pierre Bemba said his Congolese Liberation Movement forces had ambushed and killed 80 government troops at Libanda.
    (SFC, 1/1/00, p.D4)
1999        Dec 31, Europe’s leaders proclaimed a new era as eleven nations merged currencies to create the euro, a shared money they said would boost business, underpin unity and strengthen their role in world affairs.
    (AP, 12/31/00)
1999        Dec 31, In Indonesia thousands of residents fled clashes between the Christians and Muslims in the Spice Islands. 350 people had died in 5 days of violence. 5 people were killed at Makariki on Seram Island and security forces imposed a curfew.
    (SFC, 1/1/00, p.D4)
1999        Dec 31, In Iran Supreme Ayatollah Ali Khamenei called for the destruction of Israel during demonstrations for "Al-Quds Day." Al-Quds is the Arabic name for Jerusalem.
    (SFC, 1/1/00, p.D4)
1999        Dec 31, In Lebanon Muslim militants ambushed an army patrol and killed 4 soldiers with 3 wounded in Diniyah. A kidnapped soldier was found dead the next day and a kidnapped Lt. Col. Was missing.
    (SFEC, 1/2/00, p.A27)
1999        Dec 31, Russia’s Pres. Yeltsin (68) announced his resignation and handed power over to PM Putin. Yeltsin approved a law just before resigning that required presidential candidates to collect 1 million registered signatures to win a place on the next ballet. Putin flew to Chechnya and vowed to pursue terrorists everywhere.
    (SFC, 1/1/00, p.A1)(SFC, 1/3/00, p.A9)(Econ, 3/1/08, p.54)

1999        Dec, The 1858 Covent Garden Royal Opera House in London was scheduled in 1997 for a $361 million refurbishment and slated to reopen in Dec, 1999.
    (SFC, 7/14/97, p.E3)
1999        Dec, In China Li Lusong, a villager from Lan county in Shanxi province, had half of his tongue cut off by police for cursing police during detention for writing anti-corruption slogans.
    (SFC, 4/25/00, p.A14)

1999        James Barsness (b.1954) painted "Ship of Fools."
    (SFC, 5/6/00, p.D1)(www.artnet.com/artist/2030/james-barsness.html)

1999        In Iowa artist Ray (Bubba) Sorensen II began painting a Memorial Day tribute to US servicemen and servicewomen with a stirring tableau painted on a large granite boulder which stands next to Highway 25. He created new murals annually on the rock.
    (www.ticz.com/homes/users/bob/On-A-Rock/On-A-Rock.htm)

1999        Kwame Anthony Appiah and Henry Louis Gates Jr. edited the 2095-page book: "Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience." Gates also began the web site: Africana.com, which he later proposed as a vehicle to unify blacks worldwide.
    (WSJ, 10/29/99, p.W10)(WSJ, 2/16/00, p.A1)

1999        Robert Creeley (72) and Archie Rand published "Drawn and Quartered," a collection of 54 prints by Mr. Rand embellished with quatrains by Mr. Creeley.
    (WSJ, 9/22/99, p.A21)

1999        Kanatjan Alibekov (Ken Alibek), the former director of Soviet anthrax production in Kazakstan, published "Biohazard."
    (SFC, 6/2/99, p.A11)

1999        Christopher Andrew and Vasili Mitrokhin published "The Sword and the Shield: The Mitrokhin Archive and the Secret History of the KGB."
    (SFEC, 1/2/00, BR p.5)

1999        Thomas A. Bass published "The Predictors," a work on commodities, currency and derivatives trading and a group of New Mexican physicists who worked to use chaos theory to program computers to beat the financial markets. Bass had previously authored "The Eudaemonic Pie," an account of the Doyne Farmer and Norman Packard attempt to triumph at roulette using computers in their shoes.
    (SFEC, 12/26/99, BR p.9)

1999        Tim Berners-Lee, inventor of the World Wide Web, authored "Weaving the Web."
    (WSJ, 10/1/99, p. W6)

1999        Paul Bracken published "Fire in the East," a historical look at the spread of weapons of mass destruction across the Middle East and Asia.
    (WSJ, 6/16/99, p.A24)

1999        H.W. Brands published "Masters of Enterprise," 25 sketches of giants in American business.
    (WSJ, 6/14/99, p.A18)

1999        Mark Caldwell published "A Short History of Rudeness," a collection of anecdotes and historical apercus.
    (WSJ, 7/13/99, p.A20)

1999        Mark C. Carnes and John A. Garraty edited the new "American National Biography," a 24-volume, $2,500 work descended from "The Dictionary of American Biography."
    (WSJ, 5/5/99, p.A20)

1999        T.J. Clark published "Farewell To an Idea: Episodes From a History of Modernism."
    (SFEC, 3/21/99, BR p.5)

1999        Robert Conquest authored "Reflections on a Ravaged Century." He supported the "democratic peace theory" which held that "democracies do not fight democracies and that non-democracies are troublemakers."
    (SFEC, 11/28/99, BR p.3)

1999        Peter Conrad, an Australian literary scholar teaching at Oxford, published "Modern Times, Modern Places," an overview of the extreme tendencies of 20th century culture.
    (SFEC, 5/23/99, BR p.7)

1999        Abu Daoud first acknowledged having a role in the 1972 Munich operation in the book: "Palestine: From Jerusalem to Munich."
    (AP, 2/24/06)

1999        Alan Davidson completed "The Oxford Companion to Food," after 20 years of work.
    (WSJ, 11/12/99, p.W13)

1999        L.J. Davis authored "The Billionaire Shell Game," a look at John Malone, head of Tele-Communications Inc.
    (SFEC, 4/18/99, BR p.9)

1999        Historian Alison Des Forges (1942-2009), prominent human rights advocate, documented the 1994 genocide in Rwanda in her book “Leave None to Tell the Story: Genocide in Rwanda."
    (Econ, 2/21/09, p.88)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alison_Des_Forges)

1999        Tom Diaz authored "Making a Killing: The Business of Guns in America."
    (SFEC, 4/2/00, p.A10)

1999        Jared Diamond authored “Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies."
    (www.amazon.com/Guns-Germs-Steel-Fates-Societies/dp/0393317552)

1999        David Duke published his book "My Awakening," a plan for revolution to preserve the Aryan way of life. The book asserted that blacks are inferior to whites and included a supporting foreword by FSU Prof. Glayde Whitney (d.2002 at 62).
    (SFEC, 3/7/99, p.A10)

1999        Umberto Eco, Italian semiotician, authored "Kant and the Platypus" Essays on Language and Cognition."
    (SFEC, 12/12/99, BR p.11)

1999        Jonathan Fenby, English journalist, published "France on the Brink," a diagnosis of what ails French society.
    (WSJ, 8/4/99, p.A20)

1999        Niall Ferguson published his 2nd volume on "The House of Rothschild: The World's Banker 1849-1999."
    (WSJ, 11/9/99, p.A24)

1999        David Fromkin published "Kosovo Crossing: American Ideals Meet Reality on the Balkan Battlefields."
    (WSJ, 8/3/99, p.A20)

1999        Francis Fukuyama, published "The Great Disruption: Human Nature and the Reconstitution of Social Order," a follow up on his work "The End of History." He contends that not only is individualism ending, but that it must end and that humans will seek new rules to replace the ones that have been undercut.
    (WSJ, 6/3/99, p.A24)(WSJ, 12/31/99, p.A10)

1999        Bill Gertz, a reporter for the Washington Times, published "Betrayal," a critical account of the Clinton administration, which reportedly divulged a wealth of secrets from classified US documents.
    (SFC, 5/21/99, p.A6)

1999        Martin Gilbert published Volume II of his "A History of the Twentieth Century."
    (SFEC, 5/16/99, Z1 p.4)

1999        James Glassman and Kevin A. Hassett published "Dow 36,000" shortly before the dotcom bubble burst.
    (WSJ, 9/3/99, p.A10)(Econ, 12/13/14, p.73)

1999        James Gleick authored "Faster: The Acceleration of Just About Everything."
    (WSJ, 8/25/99, p.A15)(SFEC, 10/10/99, BR p.5)

1999        E.H. Gombrich (90) published his 10th collection of essays and lectures: "The Use of Images: Studies in the Social Function of Art and Visual Communication."
    (SFEC, 5/2/99, BR p.4)

1999        Jason Goodwin authored "Lords of the Horizon," a history of the Ottoman Empire.
    (WSJ, 4/29/99, p.A24)

1999        Stephen J. Gould published "Rocks of Ages: Science and Religion in the Fullness of Life."
    (WSJ, 3/29/99, p.A24)

1999        Brian Greene published "The Elegant Universe." It is an explanation of the universe using string theory.
    (SFC, 2/13/99, p.B6)

1999        Germaine Greer published "The Whole Woman." It was a follow-up to her 1970 work, "The Female Eunuch." Christine Wallace published the biography: "Germaine Greer: Untamed Shrew."
    (SFEC, 7/4/99, BR p.5)

1999        Grace Halsell authored "Forcing God’s Hand: Why Millions Pray for a Quick Rapture – and Destruction of Planet Earth."
    (SFC, 8/18/00, p.D8)

1999        Paul Hawken and Amory Lovins authored "Natural Capitalism: Creating the Next Industrial Revolution."
    (SFEC, 12/12/99, BR p.12)

1999        Mark Hertsgaard published "Earth Odyssey: Around the World in Search of Our Environmental Future."
    (SFEC, 4/18/99, p.D5)

1999        Michael Hiltzik authored “Dealers of Lightning: Xerox PARC in the Dwan of the Computer Age."
    (SFC, 12/28/11, p.C5)

1999        Adolf Holl, Austrian theologian, published "The Left hand of God: A Biography of the Holy Spirit."
    (SFEC, 1/10/99, BR p.9)

1999        Edward Hooper authored "The River," a detailed hypothesis for the origin of AIDS in Africa. He suspected that the Wister polio vaccine, which was given to some 300,000 people in the Belgian Congo between 1957-1960, was produced from monkey kidney cells that contained SIV virus.
    (SSFC, 1/14/01, p.A1,14)(www.avert.org/origins.htm)

1999        Freeman House authored “Totem Salmon," an account of efforts to restore the Mattole River in Northern California.
    (SFC, 9/23/05, p.A2)

1999        Michael Isikoff, former investigative reporter with the Washington Post, published: "Uncovering Clinton," a report on the 4 years he spent probing Pres. Clinton's dark side.
    (WSJ, 4/1/99, p.A20)

1999        Kay Redfield Jamison authored "Night Falls Fast," a look at suicide with a tour of its biological and evolutionary dimensions.
    (WSJ, 10/13/99, p.A28)

1999        Michael Kammen, Cornell professor, authored "American Culture, American Tastes: Social Change and the 20th Century."
    (WSJ, 8/18/99, p.A17)

1999        Robert Kaplan published "The Nothing That Is: The Natural History of Zero."
    (WSJ, 11/10/99, p.A20)

1999        Alan Kaufman, SF poet, published his anthology of poetry: "The Outlaw Bible of American Poetry."
    (SFC, 2/22/00, p.C1)

1999        Rick Kennedy and Randy McNutt published "Little Labels - Big Sound: Small Record Companies and the Rise of American Music."
    (SFEC, 7/25/99, BR p.5)

1999        Henry Kissinger published the 3rd and last volume of his "Years of Upheaval," which covered the 2 ½ years of the Ford administration.
    (WSJ, 3/18/99, p.A21)

1999        Karen Kozlowski and Meg Cohen Ragas authored "Read My Lips: A Cultural History of Lipstick."
    (SFEC, 4/18/99, BR p.5)

1999        Mark Kurlansky authored "The Basque History of the World."
    (SFEC, 10/17/99, Par p.20)

1999        Barry M. Leiner (d.2003 at 57) authored a technical history of the Internet. In the 1980s he worked as a manager at DARPA and helped establish the Internet Activities Board (IAB), which set technical standards for the Internet.
    (SFC, 4/19/03, p.A17)

1999        James Loewen published "Life Across America: What Our Historic Sites Get Wrong."
    (USAT, 11/11/99, p.8D)

1999        Martin Malia published "Russia Under Western Eyes," a historical look at the destiny of Russia.
    (WSJ, 4/13/99, p.A16)

1999        Michael S. Malone authored "Infinite Loop: How Apple, the World's Most Insanely Great Computer Company Went Insane."
    (SFEC, 4/18/99, BR p.9)

1999        Rachel P. Maimes authored "The Technology of Orgasm: "Hysteria," the Vibrator, and Women's Sexual Gratification."
    (SFEC, 4/18/99, BR p.5)

1999        James Mann published "About Face," a look at diplomatic relations with China since the Nixon administration.
    (WSJ, 1/11/98, p.A21)

1999        Jaime Manrique authored "Eminent Maricones: Arenas, Lorca, Puig, and Me," a homage to gay Latino writers.
    (SFEC, 8/22/99, BR p.4)

1999        Lou Marinoff authored "Plato, Not Prozax!: Applying Philosophy to Everyday Problems."
    (SFEC, 8/22/99, p.D7)

1999        Robert W. McChesney authored "Rich Media, Poor Democracy: Communications Politics in Dubious Times." He proposed that the media had become a significant anti-democratic force in the US and to varying degrees worldwide.
    (SFEC, 12/19/99, BR p.4)

1999        Joyce Milton published her unauthorized biography of Hillary Clinton: "The First Partner."
    (WSJ, 5/17/99, p.A24)

1999        Ted Morgan published "A Covert Life: Jay Lovestone - Communist, Anti-Communist, and Spymaster."  Lovestone played a crucial role in US counter-intelligence during the Cold War.
    (SFEC, 5/2/99, Par p.11)

1999        John Nathan authored "Sony: The Private Life," a history of the 53-year-old Sony Corporation.
    (WSJ, 9/30/99, p.A24)

1999        Leonard Nathan (1924-2007), poet and professor at UC Berkeley, earned critical acclaim after publishing “The Potato Eaters."
    (SFC, 6/9/07, p.B6)

1999        Walter Nugent authored "Into the West: The Story of Its People."
    (SFEC, 1/2/00, BR p.12)

1999        P.J. O'Rourke published "Eat The Rich, A Treatisse on Economics."
    (SFEC, 1/17/99, BR p.9)

1999        Theodore Osmundson (d.2009 at 88), SF architect, authored “Roof Gardens: History, Design and Construction." It became widely considered as the bible of roof gardening.
    (SFC, 4/17/09, p.B5)

1999        Richard and Joan Ostling authored “Mormon America: The Power and the Promise."
    (www.as.ua.edu/ant/Faculty/charles/mormonsyl.htm)

1999        Mark Pendergrast published "Uncommon Grounds," a history of coffee.
    (SFC, 6/4/99, p.W9)

1999        Thomas J. Petzinger Jr. published "The New Pioneers: The Men and Women Who Are Transforming the Workplace and Marketplace."
    (WSJ, 2/26/99, p.B1)

1999        Peter Phillips and Project Censored of Sonoma State Univ. published: "Censored 1999: The News That Didn't Make the News - The Year's Top 25 Censored Stories."
    (SFEC, 6/6/99, BR p.5)

1999        Norman Podhoretz, editor of Commentary, authored "Ex-Friends: Falling Out With Allen Ginsberg, Lionel and Diana Trilling, Lillian Hellman, Hannah Arendt, and Norman Mailer" the 3rd volume of a 3 part series of his memoirs.
    (SFEC, 3/28/99, BR p.8)

1999        Malcolm Potts and Roger Short published "Ever Since Adam and Eve: The Evolution of Human Sexuality."
    (SFEC, 5/9/99, BR p.5)

1999        Scott Ritter, former UN weapons inspector, published "Endgame: Solving the Iraq Problem - Once and for All."
    (WSJ, 4/8/99, p.A16)

1999        J.M. Roberts, British historian, authored "The Twentieth Century."
    (WSJ, 12/28/99, p.A16)

1999        Randy Shaw authored "Reclaiming America: Nike, Clean Air, and the New National Activism."
    (SFEC, 8/22/99, BR p.1)

1999        Bill Shore authored “The Cathedral Within." Social entrepreneur Bill Shore profiles leaders across America who are tapping the vast resources of the private sector to improve community life and the future for our children.
    (www.strength.org/learn/cathedral/cathedral.htm)

1999        Simon Singh authored "The Code Book," a documentation of the classic battle between codemakers and codebreakers.
    (WSJ, 10/12/99, p.A24)

1999        Barbara Smuts authored "Sex and Friendship in Baboons."
    (MT, Fall 02, p.12)

1999        Robert Sobel, economic historian, published "When Giants Stumble," 15 stories of why bad things happen to good businessmen.
    (WSJ, 6/14/99, p.A18)

1999        Lewis Sorley published his book: "A Better War: The Unexamined Victories and Final Tragedy of America's Last Years in Vietnam" in which he argues that the US won the war but failed to support South Vietnam after the Paris Peace Accords.
    (WSJ, 6/22/99, p.A24)

1999        Elizabeth Sparrow authored “Secret Service: British Agents in France: 1792-1815."
    (WSJ, 12/9/06, p.P12)

1999        Lesley Stahl, CBS News correspondent, authored "Reporting Live."
    (SFEC, 3/21/99, BR p.4)

1999        George Stephanopoulos, former Clinton advisor, published "All Too Human: A Political Education."
    (SFC, 3/9/99, p.A5)

1999        Neal Stephenson authored his sci-fi novel “Cryptonomicon."
    (Econ, 10/25/08, SR p.17)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cryptonomicon)

1999        Popcorn Sutton (1946-2009), Tennessee moonshiner, authored his autobigraphy “Me and My Likker."
    (WSJ, 3/20/09, p.A12)

1999        Ann Taves authored "Fits, Trances and Visions." It was a history of religious experience in the evangelical tradition and covered from 1740-1910. It also provided a history of the psychology of religion.
    (WSJ, 1/4/00, p.A20)

1999        Colin Thubron authored "In Siberia."
    (Econ, 9/30/06, p.93)

1999        Edward Timperlake and William C. Triplett II authored "Year of the Rat," in which they explore Pres. Clinton's relations with Chinese officials and their Washington agents.
    (WSJ, 1/11/98, p.A21)

1999        Donald Trump published "The America We Deserve."
    (SFC, 12/8/99, p.A3)

1999        Cameron Tuttle authored "Bad Girl’s Guide to the Open Road."
    (SSFC, 9/29/02, p.E1)

1999        John Updike and Katrina Kenison edited "The Best American Short Stories of the Century."
    (WSJ, 3/26/99, p.W10)

1999        Peter Warburton authored “Debt and Delusion: Central Bank Folies That Threaten Economic Disaster," in which he argued that excessive levels of consumer debt could trigger a crisis.
    (Econ, 9/29/07, p.80)

1999        Gary Webb (1955-2004), San Jose news reported, authored “Dark Alliance: The CIA, the Contras, and the Crack Cocaine Explosion."
    (SFC, 12/13/04, p.B3)

1999        Jonathan Weiner authored “Time, Love, Memory: A Great Biologist and His Quest for the Origins of Behavior," a biography of Caltech biologist Seymour Benzer (1921-2007). Benzer’s work paved the way for scientists to uncover links between genes and human behavior.
    (SSFC, 12/2/07, p.C7)

1999        Esther Williams (77), former swimming champion and film star, published her autobiography "The Million Dollar Mermaid."
    (SFC, 9/6/99, p.B1)

1999        A.N. Wilson published "God's Farewell," an intellectual speculation on the issue of God and 19th century doubters and disbelievers.
    (WSJ, 6/15/99, p.A16)

1999        Bob Woodward published "Shadow: Five Presidents and the Legacy of Watergate."
    (SFC, 6/15/99, p.A2)

1999        David Wurmser published "Tyranny's Ally: America's Failure to Defeat Saddam Hussein."
    (WSJ, 4/8/99, p.A16)

1999        Bob Zelnick authored "Gore," a political biography of Vice-Pres. Al Gore.
    (WSJ, 4/21/99, A20)

1999        "The Art of the Essay: The Best of 1999" was published in 2000 and edited by Phillip Lopate.
    (SFEC, 3/26/00, BR p.6)

1999        "The Best American Essays of 1999" was published in 2000 and edited by Edward Hoagland.
    (SFEC, 3/26/00, BR p.6)

1999        "The Best American Short Stories of 1999" was published in 2000 and edited by Amy Tan.
    (SFEC, 3/26/00, BR p.7)

1999        Phaidon published the photographic record "Century: One Hundred Years of Human Progress, Regression, Suffering and Hope, 1899-1999."
    (SFEC, 12/12/99, BR p.1)

1999        The Cluetrain Manifesto was written by Rick Levine, Christopher Locke, Doc Searls, and David Weinberger. It is a set of 95 theses organized and put forward as a call to action for all businesses operating within what is suggested to be a newly-connected marketplace. The ideas put forward within the manifesto aim to examine the impact of the Internet on both markets (consumers) and organizations.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cluetrain_Manifesto)(www.cluetrain.com/)

1999        The musical "Mamma Mia!" opened in London based on the music by the Swedish pop group Abba. The songs were written by founders Benny Anderson and Bjorn Ulvaeus.
    (WSJ, 10/24/01, p.A20)

1999        The show "Spirit: A Journey in Dance, Drums and Song" was composed by Peter Buffett. It was largely based on American Indian dance tradition.
    (WSJ, 11/26/99, p.W9)

1999        Rhino Entertainment released a 5-CD box set titled "R-E-S-P-E-C-T: A Century of Women in Music."
    (WSJ, 10/27/99, p.A16)

1999        The film "Genghis Blues" premiered at Sundance. It won the audience award for best documentary. It was directed by Roko and Adrian Belic and was about Paul Pena (1950-2005), a blind bluesman, who journeyed to Tuva in 1995 to compete in a throat-singing competition.
    (SFEC, 4/11/99, DB p.35)(SFC, 10/4/05, p.B5)

1999        The TV Mob show "The Sopranos" began on HBO. It was a big hit and continued a 2nd season in 2000.
    (WSJ, 1/117/00, p.A16)

1999        The TV public affairs show "Firing Line," hosted for over 3 decades by conservative William F. Buckley, made its final broadcast. In 2001 Stanford’s Hoover Institute acquired the show’s archives.
    (SFC, 10/31/01, p.A14)

1999        The Int’l. Federation of Spirits Providers was founded. The industry group started testing programs and anti-counterfeiting measures. It encouraged the use of markers in liquor and tests to prevent substituting cheap booze for good stuff, i.e. "tipping."
    (WSJ, 1/4/02, p.A7)

1999        Caroline Baron founded Film Aid Int’l. as a one-time trial to show films to the refugees in Macedonia. The project was later expanded Africa.
    (WSJ, 10/23/02, p.B1)

1999        The Weston A. Price Foundation was established in Washington DC to promote traditional foods such as grass-fed beef and unpasteurized milk.
    (WSJ, 9/11/03, p.A1)

1999        Wisconsin dairy farmers began a cow-sharing program in order to send owners unpasteurized milk. Sale of unpasteurized milk was illegal in Wisconsin and 21 other states.
    (WSJ, 9/11/03, p.A1)

1999        The US planned to set up exchange controls before the year 2000, to prevent capital from moving out of the country to get higher investment returns.
    (WSJ, 12/9/94, p.R-24)

1999        US authorities uncovered a money laundering scheme that involved the Bank of New York and its branch in Russia. In 2000 Lucy Edwards and her husband Peter Berlin pleaded guilty to fraud charges. In 2005 the bank agreed to pay $14 million in fines directly related to the Russia scandal and to adopt antifraud overhauls. In 2007 Russia sued the Bank of New York for $22.5 billion for its role in the money laundering scheme.
    (WSJ, 5/18/07, p.A3)

1999        The US State Dept. took over the export regulation of satellites. This was part of the Int’l. Traffic in Arms Regulation (ITAR) and had earlier been handled by the US Dept. of Commerce.
    (Econ, 8/23/08, p.66)

1999        The FBI helped launch the 1st Regional Computer Forensics Laboratory (RCFL) to support federal, state and local law-enforcement agencies. By 2005 there were 6 such labs.
    (Econ, 3/12/05, TQ p.32)

1999        John A. Gotti Jr. pleaded guilty to racketeering and extortion and accepted a 6-year prison sentence.
    (SSFC, 8/11/02, Par p.5)

1999        North Dakota Gov. Edward Schafer signed a law that allowed farmers to seek permits from the FDA to grow hemp. In 2007 two North Dakota farmers filed a lawsuit to force the DEA to issue permits to grow hemp.
    (SFC, 6/8/99, p.A15)(Econ, 6/23/07, p.40)

1999        Oussama Kassir, a Lebanese-born Swede, plotted to help Al-Qaida recruit for a weapons training post in Bly, Oregon. In 2009 Kassir was convicted in New York for plotting to help Al-Qaida and for distributing terrorist training manuals over the Internet.
    (SFC, 5/13/09, p.A4)

1999         California’s Gov. Gray Davis thanked the unions for their electoral support this year by giving state workers pension increases of between 20% and 50%.
    (Econ, 6/26/10, p.35)
1999        California lost $52 million on a computer system that was to have allowed county welfare offices to communicate with each other.
    (SFEC, 8/8/99, Z1 p.6)
1999        The California state Board of Equalization adopted a policy to tax cell phones at full retail price even if purchased at a discount under a bundled plan.
    (SFC, 11/8/11, p.A10)
1999        Ron Burkle (46), California businessman, sold his food chains, including Alpha Beta, Ralph’s and Food 4 Less, to Kroger for $13 billion.
    (SFC, 5/2/06, p.D1)
1999        San Francisco held its first How Weird Street Faire. It grew out of community of artists in the 1990s known as the Consortium of Collective Consciousness.
    (SFC, 4/27/15, p.C3)
1999        The Japanese bubble snail was first identified in the San Francisco Bay. It carried a parasite, a microscopic flatworm, that caused swimmer’s itch, i.e. cercarial dermatitis.
    (SFC, 9/30/10, p.A12)(www.cdc.gov/eid/content/16/9/1357.htm)
1999        In San Mateo prosecutors charged Judith A. Gladsysz, an administrative assistant, with embezzling close to $130,000 over 4 years.
    (SFC, 12/9/99, p.A1)
1999        Matthew Lasar published "Pacifica Radio: The Rise of an Alternative Network."
    (SFC, 7/22/99, p.E1)
1999        The new $110 million Science and Engineering Quad at Stanford Univ. was scheduled to be completed.
    (SFC, 8/11/97, p.A11)
1999        A new $60 million, 81,000-sq.-ft. science center was scheduled to open in the Oakland Hills in Joaquin Miller Park. The complex was to include a theater with a domed screen, classrooms, 3 telescopes and a planetarium.
    (SFC, 2/19/98, p.A14)
1999        The Japanese bubble snail was first identified in the San Francisco Bay. It carried a parasite, a microscopic flatworm, that caused swimmer’s itch, i.e. cercarial dermatitis.
    (SFC, 9/30/10, p.A12)(www.cdc.gov/eid/content/16/9/1357.htm)

1999        Au Bon Pain, a chain selling coffee and cakes, sold its Au Bon Pain division to Bruckmann, Rosser, Sherrill & Co., which then sold it to Compass Group in 2000. Co-founder Ron Saich sold the firm to concentrate on the smaller sister company, Panera Bread. In 1984 the first Au Bon Pain cafe outside of Boston opened in New York City. In 1991, the company went public as Au Bon Pain Co. Inc.
    (Econ, 10/9/10, p.94)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Au_Bon_Pain)

1999        Don Imus, national radio show host, opened a 4,000-acre ranch in northern New Mexico to help sick children experience cowboy life. In 2004 his charity spent $2.6 million to host 100 children. Tax inquiries in 2005 were dropped.
    (WSJ, 3/24/05, p.A1)(WSJ, 3/25/05, p.B3)

1999        Charter Communications, co-founded by Paul Allen of Microsoft, went public. In 2009 the provider of cable-TV, broadband and phone services, faced bankruptcy due to its heavy debt load.
    (WSJ, 2/13/09, p.A10)

1999        Deutsche Bank AG acquired Bankers Trust, an American Bank.
    (Econ, 5/19/07, SR p.10)

1999        Fluidigm Corporation (originally Mycometrix) was founded to commercialize integrated fluidic circuits (IFC) technology developed in the laboratory of biophysicist Stephen Quake, PhD, who invented a microscopic valve while he was teaching at Caltech in 1998.
    (www.fluidigm.com/company-overview.html)(SFC, 1/18/11, p.D2)

1999        Geico, the Government Employees Insurance Co., used a green gecko for a single ad to help consumers remember the company name. The ad was successful.
    (WSJ, 1/2/07, p.B12)

1999        The Gemological Institute of America unveiled a grading system specifically designed for emeralds.
    (WSJ, 2/7/07, p.A12)

1999        General Motors spun off its parts supplier Delphi Automotive.
    (Econ, 3/12/05, p.61)

1999        David Neeleman founded JetBlue Airways, an American low-cost airline. In Dec, 2008, he founded Azul (meaning blue), his Brazilian airline.
    (Econ, 8/29/09, p.58)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/JetBlue)

1999        Netflix was founded in Los Gatos, Ca., as an Internet based company for DVD rentals sent via mail.
    (WSJ, 10/17/05, p.A1)(www.netflix.com)

1999        Pyra software company released Blogger for free. It allowed users to set up a Weblog, a simple personal web site program. By 2002 some 500,000 weblogs were on the Internet.
    (NW, 8/26/02, p.42)

1999        Over 1000 World Wide Web search engines were in operation.
    (SFC, 2/2/08, p.C1)

1999        Experts see disk storage capacity continuing to increase. We should see 40GB drives by 1999.
    (New Media, 4/95, p.53)

1999        It was reported in 1997 that scientists had developed memory-retentive chips that preserve data even with power shut off. The chips were expected to be available about this time.
    (SFEC, 4/13/97, p.B8)

1999        Hutchinson Whampoa of Hong Kong sold Orange, its 2G telecoms operator to Germany’s Mannesmann for some $20 billion. The company was controlled by Li Ka-shing, Asia’s richest man. The money from the sale of Orange was put into 3G mobile-phone services.
    (Econ, 1/8/05, p.58)

1999        Intel planned make available the IA-64, a 64-bit Intel architecture, microprocessor chip. Code-named Merced, the chip was guessed to ran at speeds of 900 megahertz and would use about 40 million transistors.
    (WSJ, 10/10/97, p.B1)

1999        Montgomery Ward was again acquired by GE Capital and gave up $1 billion in claims. Operations closed in 2001.
    (SFC, 12/29/00, p.A12)

1999        Roy and Bertrand Sosa founded NetSpend Corporation. By 2004 it had become a market leader for the processing and marketing of prepaid debit cards. In 2006 NetSpend added a feature to allow customers to funnel money into an interest-bearing savings account.
    (www.greensheet.com/cprofiles/netspend.html)(Econ, 5/6/06, p.77)

1999        The Ford Motor Co. began operating a small assembly plant near St Petersburg, Russia, while GM set up a joint venture with Avtovaz (at the time a byword for corruption and gangsterism).
    (Econ, 11/1508, SR p.7)

1999        Renault threw a line to floundering Nissan with Carlos Ghosn in charge. In 2003 David Magee authored "Turnaround," a look Ghosn’s leadership of Nissan.
    (WSJ, 1/31/03, p.W8)

1999        Wal-Mart agreed to pay $10.6 billion for Asda, Britain's 3rd largest supermarket chain with 229 stores.
    (WSJ, 10/6/99, p.A1)(Econ, 9/11/04, p.62)

1999        News broke that hundreds of people had died from asbestos contaminated vermiculite mined by the W.R. Grace &Co. in Libby, Montana.
    (SSFC, 3/15/09, Insight p.H5)

1999        Sex change operations in the US grew at a 10% annual rate to 5,000.
    (WSJ, 7/7/00, p.A1)

1999        Houston, Texas, began exchanging titles with Los Angeles, Ca., as having the most polluted air in the United States defined by the number of days each city violates federal smog standards.
    (www.nasa.gov/vision/earth/everydaylife/archives/HP_ILP_Feature_03.html)

1999        An experiment over the Indian Ocean (INDOEX) found a large cloud, the Asian Brown Cloud, with high levels of soot that warmed the upper air by absorbing sunlight and cooled the lower surface causing regional droughts.
    (WSJ, 5/6/03, p.A6)

1999        Audrey Gordon’s family founded the Progeria foundation, after her nephew was diagnosed with the disease. In 2003 the Boston-based foundation was instrumental in the discovery of the progeria gene.
    (AP, 9/8/11)

1999        The PATH Malaria Vaccine Initiative was founded with money from the from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.
    (Econ, 10/22/11, p.102)(www.malariavaccine.org/about-overview.php)

1999        Researchers began introducing phorid species in Texas in 1999. As many as 23 phorid species with pathogens attack fire ants to keep their population and movements under control. Fire ants cost the Texas economy about $1 billion annually by damaging circuit breakers and other electrical equipment.
    (http://tinyurl.com/ob57v2)

1999        Hepatitis C virus was believed to have infected some 170 million people worldwide.
    (Econ, 11/1/03, p.75)

1999        Scientists announced that Y-chromosome tests had turned up a genetic link between southern Africa’s Lemba tribe (Zimbabwe) and the Jewish Cohanim, a priestly clan going back to biblical times.
    (www.msnbc.msn.com/id/3077146/)

1999        The UN estimated the worldwide death toll from AIDS to reach 2.6 million for this year.
    (SFC, 11/24/99, p.A1)

1999        The US prison population grew 4.4% to a record 1.86 million.
    (WSJ, 4/20/00, p.A1)

1999        Some 471 films were released this year in the US.
    (Econ, 11/28/09, p.79)

1999        Leo Cherne, American humanitarian activist, died. He founded the Int’l. Rescue Committee as well as the Research Institute of America, one of the 1st companies to produce economic and tax analysis. In 2002 Andrew F. Smith authored a biography of Cherne: "Rescuing the World."
    (WSJ, 11/5/02, p.D8)

1999        Winthrop Kellogg Edey (b.1937, clock collector, died. He was featured in the Andy Warhol film "The Thirteen Most Beautiful Boys of 1964." His 39 stellar clocks and watches were donated to the Frick Museum.
    (WSJ, 1/2/02, p.A15)

1999        Afghanistan under the Taliban produced a record 4,600 tons of opium.
    (Econ, 11/20/04, p.46)
1999        A Taliban massacre took place near Adreskan south of Herat following a short-lived revolt. In 2002 a mass grave was found with 72 bodies.
    (SFC, 1/11/02, p.A13)

1999        About 40% of Angola’s budget was devoted to military expenditures. Less than 5% went towards education.
    (SFC, 11/22/01, p.E6)

1999        R. Allen Stanford, a Texas developer and int’l. banker, became a citizen of Antigua. His financial dealings included major loans to the government.
    (WSJ, 3/5/02, p.A1)(Econ, 12/4/04, p.38)

1999        In Armenia a court in Gyumri sentenced two soldiers from a Russian base to 14 and 15 years in jail for killing two people and wounding several more in indiscriminate firing in the city.
    (Reuters, 1/19/15)

1999        Australia started pumping from the Laminaria-Corallina oil field in the Timor Sea.
    (Econ, 6/5/04, p.40)
1999        Australia withdrew from the Int’l. Court of Justice’s jurisdiction on maritime boundary questions shortly before East Timor’s independence.
    (Econ, 6/5/04, p.40)
1999        A 2006 report by East Timor's Truth and Reconciliation Commission found that Australia actively lobbied to delay East Timor's independence vote in 1999 and prevent its separation from Indonesia.
    (AFP, 2/2/06)
1999        The Guinness Book of Records described Australia’s Palm Island as the most violent place on Earth outside a combat zone.
    (AFP, 1/26/07)
1999        Leslie Cunliffe, dubbed the "Silence of the Lambs" rapist by Australian authorities, posed as a policeman to abduct a 21-year-old woman at gunpoint from the southern city of Geelong and locked her in a backyard shed with padded walls. Cunliffe, a British man, served 12 years in prison for torture and rape and in 2011 faced deportation.
    (AFP, 6/18/11)

1999        The Bangladesh–China–India–Myanmar Forum for Regional Cooperation was set up, mainly on China’s initiative. It aimed at greater integration of trade and investment between the four countries.
    (Econ, 5/25/13, SR p.9)

1999         In Bolivia the Vinto tin smelter was privatized in a $27 million purchase by the British firm Allied Deals. The deal included the nearby Huamuni mine. In 2002 a liquidator sold Vinto for $6 million to a consortium headed by Comsur, a mining company owned by Gonzalo Sanchez de Lozada (Goni), Bolivia’s former president (1993-1997). In 2005 Goni sold Comsur’s Bolivian assets to Glencore, a mining company based in Switzerland for some $220 million, of which $90 million was said to be for the smelter.
    (Econ, 2/17/07, p.40)

1999        In Brazil police in the northeastern city of Recife seized more than 70 pounds (30 kg) of cocaine aboard a Hercules C-130 plane bound for Spain. Five people, including a US citizen, who police said led the gang, and two Air Force officers were arrested. In 2011 Jose Roberto Monteiro Zau, the last suspect of the drug-trafficking ring, was arrested.
    (AP, 5/11/11)

1999        Louise Bourgeois (87), French-born English artist, created his nine meter (30 feet) high and wide spider. It was made of bronze, stainless steel and marble and named Maman in tribute to the artist's mother. It initially went on display at the Tate Modern art gallery.
    (Reuters, 10/3/07)
1999        Martin Griffiths, a British diplomat and former UN assistant secretary-general, founded the Center for Humanitarian Dialogue, a non-governmental conflict resolution organization.
    (Econ, 7/2/11, p.50)
1999        The Greater London Authority Act 1999 is the Act of Parliament that established the Greater London Authority, the London Assembly and the Mayor of London. Transport for London (TfL) as the authority behind London’s networks.
    (http://tinyurl.com/m8yt6w2)(Econ, 10/19/13, p.61)
1999        Charles Kennedy took over as leader of Britain’s Liberal Democrats.
    (Econ, 4/2/05, p.49)
1999        England introduced antisocial social behaviour orders (ASBO) to counter “loutish and unruly conduct." In October 2004 the government launched an Antisocial Behavior Action Plan, vowing to tackle everyday incivilities from “nuisance neighbors" to begging to graffiti.
    (www.peace.ca/bigbrother2002.htm)(Econ, 2/5/05, p.53)
1999        British Nuclear Fuels (BNFL), a state-owned firm, bought Westinghouse, an American builder of nuclear reactors. In 2006 BNFL announced the sale of Westinghouse to Toshiba.
    (Econ, 1/28/06, p.54)
1999        British North Sea oil production peaked at 4.5 million barrels per day with Britain as the world’s 6th biggest producer of oil and gas. By 2007 Britain dropped to 12th biggest.
    (Econ, 7/14/07, p.59)(Econ, 3/8/08, p.65)
1999        Advanced RISC Machines Ltd, a British chip manufacturer, changed its name to ARM Ltd. The company was founded in 1990 as Advanced RISC Machines, ARM, a joint venture between Acorn Computers, Apple Computer (now Apple Inc.) and VLSI Technology.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ARM_Holdings)

1999        Bulgaria agreed with the EU to close the two oldest reactors in the Kozlodui nuclear power plant by the end of 2006 because of safety concerns. 2 newer 1,000-megawatt reactors were to stay running until the next decade.
    (AP, 10/9/06)
1999        Bulgaria privatized the troubled Kremikovtzi steel plant selling 71% to businessman Valentin Zahariev for one dollar and a promise to rehabilitate the plant.
    (WSJ, 8/4/08, p.A8)

1999        In Canada a 9-floor mausoleum condominium in Vancouver, with 4 of the floors underground, was scheduled to be completed by builder Alvin Mitchell. Theme floors for various religious groups would be included along with a roof top pyre with room for viewers.
    (WSJ, 3/9/98, p.A1)
1999        Canada took charge of the Giant Mine in Yellowknife, Northwest Territories, after the owner declared bankruptcy. The mine site contained some 237,000 tons of arsenic trioxide, a lethal compound produced in the extraction of gold.
    (Econ, 9/27/14, p.38)
1999        In Canada the Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics (PI) was set up at Waterloo, Ontario, by Mark Lazaridis, founder and co-CEO of Research In Motion. Lazaridis' initial donation of $100 million was announced on October 23, 2000.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perimeter_Institute_for_Theoretical_Physics)
1999        The fungus Cryptococcus gattii, normally found in Australia and other tropical zones, was discovered on Vancouver Island, Canada. By 2007 at least 8 people had died from infection and another 163 sickened.
    (SSFC, 4/8/07, p.A11)

1999        Ange-Felix Patasse was re-elected president of the CAR.
    (Econ, 5/26/07, p.52)

1999        Chile decriminalized gay sex.
    (Econ, 5/26/12, p.40)

1999        China introduced the system of "Golden Weeks," a vacation scheme which forced workers across the country to take their three weeks of paid holiday at the same time, in an effort to boost domestic consumption and tourism revenue. The plan went under re-evaluation in 2006 as it spawned major frustrations with overcrowded tourist sites and travel problems.
    (AFP, 9/29/06)
1999        China introduced 2 crucial changes to its higher education policy. University places were expanded and state-owned banks were ordered to lend money to students to pay for fees and expenses. By 2004 some 800,000 students had taken out subsidized loans.
    (Econ, 6/12/04, p.42)
1999        In China Shanghai’s 2nd airport with a passenger capacity of 60 million was scheduled to be completed.
    (Hem., 2/97, p.70)
1999        In China Lai Changxing, head of the Yuanhua Group Inc., was accused of graft and running a multibillion dollar smuggling ring. Changxing fled to Canada. His Red Mansion opened as museum in 2001.
    (SFC, 9/1/01, p.A6)(WSJ, 11/23/01, p.A1)
1999        In China Rebiya Kadeer, a prominent Uighur businesswomen in Xinjiang, was detained and sentenced to 8 years in prison on charges of endangering state security. She was allowed to leave for the United States in 2005.
    (AP, 4/17/07)(Econ, 7/11/09, p.26)
1999        In China Ji Qi founded Ctrip, a new Internet firm, catering to the Chinese traveler. He later followed up with Home Inns, a chain of basic hotels.
    (Econ, 1/26/08, p.64)
1999        In China Fang Binxing began working on the “Great Wall," a system to guard the handful of gateways through which all foreign content and communications enter China, while at the National Computer Network and Information System Security Administration Center.
    (Econ, 4/6/13, SR p.9)
1999        Haier, under the leadership of Zhang Ruimin, became China’s biggest maker of refrigerators.
    (Econ, 10/12/13, p.73)
1999        Starbucks opened its first China store in Beijing’s China World Trade Center and partnered with Chinese firms to expand.
    (WSJ, 11/29/06, p.A12)
1999        Chinese state executions were reported to number 1,263 for this year.
    (SSFC, 3/11/01, p.D1)

1999        The Plan Colombia program began as the US under Pres. Clinton deployed a small air force to Colombia to spray coca plants and help Colombia fight insurgents and shut down processing plants for cocaine. At this time traffickers had some 463,322 acres of coca plant cultivation and produced 90% of the world’s cocaine. By 2009, despite 10 years of eradication efforts, Colombia had some 575,750 acres under coca plant cultivation and still produced 90% of the world’s cocaine.
    (SSFC, 3/15/09, Insight p.H8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plan_Colombia)

1999        In Egypt defendants reported during the trial of 107 suspected terrorists that agents of Osama bin Laden had purchased dangerous biological agents through the mail for as little as $3,865."
    (SSFC, 10/21/01, p.A20)

1999        Jill Campbell and her husband, Gary, compiled evidence that helped convict the director of an Ethiopian orphanage that the Swiss charity Terre Des Hommes-Lausanne used to run. Their report on sexual abuse prompted the charity to apologize and leave Ethiopia. In 2001 Jill Campbell was convicted of defamation and ordered to apologize to Terre Des Hommes-Lausanne (TdH) or face jail. In 2003, an Ethiopian court sentenced orphanage director David Christie to nine years of hard labor for abusing several young boys. In 2008 lawyers for the charity said it had dropped the demand for an apology.
    (AP, 3/7/08)

1999        Finland’s government began issuing electronic ID cards.
    (Econ, 2/9/13, p.60)
1999        Finland’s government updated some laws on fines for traffic violations and based fines on net income rather than gross income.
    (WSJ, 1/02/00, p.A1)

1999        In France the Sangatte Red Cross center, near the 33-mile Channel Tunnel, was set up to house refugees.
    (SFC, 12/27/01, p.A4)
1999        France finally called the Algerian conflict a "war." Prior to this France referred only to operations to "maintain order."
    (AP, 11/29/05)
1999        France tried Manuel Noriega, former dictator of Panama, in absentia on money laundering charges. He was convicted and sentenced to 10 years in prison.
    (http://ipsnews.net/news.asp?idnews=39077)
1999        French retailer Carrefour merged with Promodes, a French supermarket chain, to form the world’s 2nd biggest retailer. This marked the beginning of problems for Carrefour.
    (Econ, 10/22/05, p.71)(Econ, 3/17/07, p.72)
1999        Renault of France spent $50 million to acquire a controlling stake in Dacia, a sickly Romanian car maker formerly owned by the state. The first Renault-Dacia Logan was produced in 2004. The millionth Logan was produced in mid 2008.
    (Econ, 11/15/08, SR p.14)
1999        French bank BNP bought Paribas forming BNP Paribas. 60% of the bank’s activity was in France. BNCI and CNEP were merged in 1966 to form BNP. BNP was privatized in 1993. Originally the Compagnie Financière de Paris et des Pays-Bas (Finance Corporation of Paris and the Netherlands), the Compagnie Financière de Paribas became simply Paribas in 1998 after acquiring the Compagnie Bancaire.
    (Econ, 10/23/10, p.92)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BNP_Paribas)

1999        Germany made it illegal to bribe foreign officials. Up to this time Siemens claimed tax deductions for such bribes as what it termed “useful expenditure."
    (Econ, 9/11/10, p.82)

1999        On Guam a new strategy to control the brown tree snakes used aspirin, toxic to the snakes, inserted into frozen baby mice.
    (WSJ, 7/1/99, p.B1)

1999        In Guatemala Candido Noriega, a paramilitary from the Quiche region, was sentenced to 50 years in 1999 for dozens of killings while working for the army in the 1980s. He was not tried for forced disappearances.
    (AP, 9/2/09)

1999        Yosepha Alomang founded the Foundation for Human Rights Anti-Violence (Hamak) in Irian Jaya, Indonesia.
    (SSFC, 9/9/01, p.A14)
1999        The militant Islamic group Laskar Jihad was founded on Java, Indonesia.
    (WSJ, 12/7/01, p.A16)
1999        Indonesia’s President BJ Habibi adopted Law No. 45/1999 to divide the Papua province into three: West Irian Jaya, Central Irian Jaya and Irian Jaya.
    (www.achrweb.org/Review/2004/41-04.htm)
1999        The militant Islamic group Laskar Jihad was founded on Java, Indonesia.
    (WSJ, 12/7/01, p.A16)
1999        Indonesia passed a law that prohibited censorship of the press.
    (SFC, 5/21/02, p.A11)
1999        A planned sale of US jets to Indonesia was suspended when it became clear that the Suharto regime was repressing the East Timorese.
    (Econ, 9/12/09, p.61)

1999        In Israel Boaz Wachtel (40) established the Green Leaf Party. The party did not promote drug use, only its decriminalization, like in the Netherlands.
    (AP, 3/11/06)

1999        Ljubica Gunj became the first woman in Venice, Italy, permitted to wait on customers at tables on St. Mark’s Square.
    (SFC, 5/14/07, p.A11)

1999        Japan enacted corporate law that enabled the use of shares to buy firms.
    (Econ, 12/1/07, SR p.7)
1999        Electronic trading replaced the floor auction on the Tokyo Stock Exchange.
    (WSJ, 4/6/06, p.C1)
1999        NTT DoCoMo, Japan’s top mobile phone operator, pioneered internet access through its i-mode service. In 2001 it pioneered 3G technology and in 2005 embedded a credit card into a wireless chip enabling consumer financial payments.
    (Econ, 7/23/05, p.71)
1999        Japan’s Sony Corp. began selling the robotic dog AIBO. Production of the robot dog was cancelled in 2006 as part of a restructure program.
    (Econ, 12/24/05, p.59)(SFC, 2/2/06, p.C3)
1999        The Japan National Large Telescope (Subaru) and the Gemini Northern Telescope were scheduled for completion on Mauna Kea, Hawaii. A twin of the latter was under construction in Chile.
    (Hem., 7/95, p.115)

1999        Abu Musab Al-Zarqawi, whose real name is Ahmed Fadheel Nazzal al-Khalayleh, was freed from a prison in Jordan under a royal amnesty. He was doing jail time for militant activities aimed at toppling the monarchy.
    (AP, 11/21/05)

1999        Kenya's census found the country's population at 28.7 million, but it did not make public the figures about ethnicity.
    (AP, 8/24/09)
1999        The US designated the Somali Bantus in Kenya as persecuted and eligible for resettlement in the US.
    (NW, 9/2/02, p.35)

1999        Hashim Thaci, later prime minister of Kosovo, led a group of guerrillas. In 2010 they were accused of killing Serb and other prisoners in Albania for their kidneys. Thaci was also accused of being involved in the region’s heroin trade.
    (Econ, 12/18/10, p.100)
1999        NATO acknowledged in 2000 that depleted uranium rounds were used during the 1999 Kosovo war whenever American A-10 ground attack aircraft engaged armored vehicles.
    (SFC, 3/22/00, p.A14)
1999        In 2008 Carla Del Ponte, former chief prosecutor at The Hague, alleged in a book that some 100-300 Kosovo Serbs were kidnapped this year and taken to Albania to have their organs harvested. UN investigators found no substantial evidence to support claims that ethnic Albanian guerrillas killed dozens of Serbs in Kosovo and sold their organs.
    (WSJ, 4/12/08, p.A1)(WSJ, 4/14/08, p.A13)(AP, 4/16/08)
1999        The corn borer moth, native to Central and North America, first appeared in Europe in Kosovo. Since then it spread in concentric circles and by 2011 was eating maize crops in Germany and Italy.
    (Econ, 2/26/11, SR p.10)

1999         Pres. Nazarbayev grew more self-protective after he came under suspicion of stowing funds in Swiss bank accounts. The Swiss froze over a dozen Kazakhstan bank accounts for alleged money laundering.
    (WSJ, 9/12/02, p.A8)(WSJ, 5/6/03, p.A24)

1999        Macedonia’s 2 million population included about 25% ethnic Albanians.
    (SFC, 4/22/99, p.A12)

1999        Malaysia began moving government departments from Kuala Lumpur to Putrajaya, its new 11,300-acre $5.3 billion administrative capital, 25 miles away.
    (SSFC, 7/18/04, p.D12)
1999        Malaysiakini, an independent online newspaper in Malaysia, was founded as a free site. In 2002 it was forced to start charging for use.
    (Econ, 3/15/08, p.52)

1999        Ricardo Salinas Pliego used Mexico’s TV Azteca to fund cellphone start-up Unefon SA, despite assuring shareholders that he would not use the company to fund outside ventures.
    (WSJ, 12/8/05, p.A11)

1999        Nicaragua filed the border case against Honduras, saying international law gave it the right to "explore and exploit" natural resources, including possible oil reserves and fish stocks within a zone 200 miles from its coast. Honduras claimed that a ruling by the Spanish king in 1906 set a boundary projecting eastward along the 15th parallel from the mouth of the Coco River. The UN resolved the dispute in 2007.
    (AP, 10/8/07)
1999        A World Bank report said close to 100% of Miskito lobster divers in Nicaragua showed symptoms of neurological damage due to inadequate decompression.
    (SSFC, 9/29/02, p.A3)

1999        The Nigerian film “Saworoide" was released. It was seen as a commentary on the regime of Sani Abacha.
    (Econ, 5/28/11, p.26)
1999        Nigeria’s Kano state introduced Islamic sharia law.
    (Econ, 2/3/07, p.50)

1999         Some 23,000 people lived on the Orkney Islands.
    (SFEM, 10/10/99, p.22)

1999        Sir Michael Morauta began serving as prime minister of Papua New Guinea. He held office to 2002.
    (Econ, 7/21/07, p.44)

1999        In Paraguay the EPP rebel group began to operate as the armed wing of the leftist Patria Libre party. It focused at first on bank robberies and ransom kidnappings, and later attacked small police and military posts, making off with weapons. It resurfaced in 2008 and 2009, kidnapping two ranchers and receiving a total of $645,000 in ransom.
    (AP, 1/17/11)

1999        American explorer Gene Savoy discovered a pre-Incan metropolis in Peru, naming it Gran Saposoa, and concluded it was one of the cities of the Chachapoyas kingdom.
    (AP, 9/5/05)

1999        In the Philippines residents were scheduled to move into the Smoky Mountain housing project, built over the accumulation of 50 years of Manila's waste. R-II Builders constructed an elaborate ventilation system to divert methane from the project. The project was built for the 10,000 scavengers who once lived and worked in the area.
    (WSJ, 8/5/99, p.A1)
1999        In the Philippines Pres. Estrada suspended an air-rights pact with Taiwan. The deal helped his friend Mr. Tan, the majority owner of Philippine Airlines. The rest of the country suffered due to indirect routes to Taiwan.
    (WSJ, 9/20/00, p.A6)
1999        In the Philippines Pres. Estrada pocketed a $3.7 million commission from a state pension investment brokered by Jaime Dichaves.
    (SFC, 1/8/02, p.A7)
1999        The Philippines enacted the Visiting Forces Agreement to let American soldiers back into the country following the closures at Subic Bay and Clark Field.
    (WSJ, 11/22/05, p.A13)
1999        The Philippines scuttled the Sierra Madre, a ship built by America during WWII, in the Second Thomas shoal, an area know in the Philippines as Ayungin and in China as Ren’ai.
    (Econ, 3/22/14, p.46)

1999        Poland set up a two-tier pension system. Workers made mandatory contributions into a state system (ZUS) and into funds run by private fund managers (OFES).
    (Econ, 9/21/13, p.80)

1999        Qatari women were allowed to vote and stand as candidates for municipal councils for the 1st time.
    (SFEC, 7/4/99, p.A21)(WSJ, 10/24/02, p.A12)

1999        Romania passed legislation to allow the opening of files in the archive of Securitate, Ceausescu’s hated security police. Disclosures began in 2006.
    (SSFC, 8/20/06, p.A20)

1999        Russia passed legislation that created SORM-2, a Russian acronym for the system of Operative and Investigative procedures. It required every Internet service provider to install monitoring equipment that allowed access by Russian security agencies.
    (SFC, 3/11/00, p.A1)
1999        Sakhalin Energy, a Shell-led enterprise, began pumping oil off the coast of Russia’s Sakhalin Island in the Sea of Okhotsk. Sakhalin Energy at this time did not involve Russian firms.
    (Econ, 9/16/06, p.74)
1999        Some 63,092 Russians died of lung or throat cancer, and 90% was blamed on smoking. 2,355,658 people died of cardiac disease and 25% was blamed on smoking.
    (SFC, 8/18/00, p.D3)
1999        Russia’s number of normal births declined to 30% from 45.3 in 1992.
    (SFC, 10/6/00, p.D6)

1999        Rwanda got its first dial-up connection to the Internet. It relied on expensive satellite links.
    (WSJ, 8/17/06, p.A7)

1999        Yair Klein, a former lieutenant colonel in the Israeli army, began a prison term in Sierra Leone. He spent 16 months in prison on charges that he was smuggling arms to rebels from the Revolutionary United Front (RUF). Klein, through his private mercenary company, Spearhead Ltd., had provided arms and training to armed forces in South America, Lebanon, and Sierra Leone.
    (AP, 11/20/10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yair_Klein)

1999        Singapore launched Channel NewsAsia. The state-owned firm was intended to challenge Western dominance of the air waves.
    (Econ, 12/2/06, p.63)
1999        The Singapore film "That's the Way I Like It" starred Anna Belle Francis and Adrian Pang. It was directed by Glen Goei. It was a comedy spin off on the impact of John Travolta and "Saturday Night Fever" on young people in Singapore in 1977.
    (SFC, 10/19/99, p.B1,4)

1999        In Somalia Hassan Sheikh Mohamud helped found the Somali Institute of Management and Administration Development to train administrators and technicians to help rebuild Somalia.
    (AP, 9/10/12)

1999        Breyten Breytenbach, Afrikaner writer, authored "Dog Heart: A Memoir," a look at South Africa since the 1994 elections.
    (WSJ, 10/4/99, p.A40)
1999        Nadine Gordimer, South Africa writer, authored "Living in Hope and History: Notes from Our Century."
    (SFEC, 12/12/99, BR p.5)
1999        South Africa’s Pres. Thabo Mbeki created Directorate of Special Operations (DSO), better known as the Scorpions. It was a crime-fighting unit of the National Prosecuting Authority (NPA) set up to fight corruption and organized crime. In 2008 the government planned to disband the unit and merge it into the police force.
    (Econ, 10/15/05, p.48)(Econ, 5/10/08, p.56)
1999        South Africa signed a deal with Saab for 26 JAS Gripen fighter jets for 1.6 billion euros. The deal was later trimmed to 26 planes. Allegations of fraud later arose after Saab disclosed that bribes had been paid in the form of bonuses and salaries between 2003 and 2005 by its South African subsidiary Sanip, which was then controlled by BAE Systems.
    (AP, 7/31/11)
1999        Mark Shuttleworth of South Africa sold Thawte, a company that made digital certificates and security software to support internet commerce, to VeriSign for over $500 million.
    (Econ, 6/9/07, TQ p.33)
1999        Taddy Blecher and 3 partners founded CIDA City Campus in Johannesburg, South Africa. The university charged only $21 per month for tuition. The official inauguration was held on Nov 8, 2002.
    (Econ, 9/1/07, p.63)
1999        In South Africa a wine buyer suggested the vinification of a Rhone-style blend called Goats do Roam owned by Charles Back.
    (SFC, 10/31/08, p.F2)

1999        South Korea signed an extradition treaty with the US.
    (AP, 3/19/08)
1999        South Korea received a record $15.5 billion in foreign investment.
    (WSJ, 7/24/00, p.A1)
1999        South Korea initiated OPEN (Online Procedures Enhancement for Civil Applications), an Internet-based anti-graft program.
    (SFC, 11/23/01, p.D6)

1999        Sweden established its so-called "Sex Purchase Law," where paying for sex is punished by fines or up to six months in prison, plus the humiliation of public exposure. Sweden became the first country to criminalize the purchase of sex.
    (AP, 3/16/08)(Econ, 8/9/14, p.9)

1999        Desi Bouterse, former coup leader in Suriname, was convicted of drug trafficking in absentia in the Netherlands. Prosecutors said he was the leader of the "Suri Cartel," and was sentenced to 11 years in prison. He avoided that punishment because Suriname doesn't have an extradition treaty with its former colonial ruler.
    (AP, 8/12/10)

1999        At Davos, Switzerland, during the World Economic Forum, UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan announced a Global compact to give a human face to the global market. He also called on business leaders to set global labor and environmental standards.
    (WSJ, 1/23/08, p.A8)
1999        The Swiss-based Center for Humanitarian Dialogue (CHD) was founded by 4 people. By 2008 it had a staff of over 70 and had helped resolve major conflicts in Indonesia and Kenya.
    (Econ, 7/5/08, p.71)

1999        The Thai film "Nang Nak" was a stylish ghost story.
    (SFC, 9/30/99, p.E6)
1999        The Thai historical film "Suriyothai" was directed by Chatri Chalerm Yukol. It was about the 16th century Queen Suriyothai who saved her husband King Thianracha during a war with invaders from Myanmar.
    (SFC, 9/30/99, p.E6)
1999        Thailand’s Siam Winery launched its first label, Chatemp. In 2003 the "Monsoon Valley" range was introduced abroad by Chalerm Yoovidhya, whose father Chaleo gave the world the "Red Bull" energy drink.
    (AFP, 1/24/07)

1999        Trinidad and Tobago suffered 93 killings this year. 10 men were hanged in the country, 9 of them were members of the Dole Chadee drug mob.
    (Econ, 2/12/11, p.46)

1999        The IMF put $4 billion into Turkey.
    (WSJ, 4/2/03, p.A14)

1999        In Uganda the Kiira Dam was built alongside the 1954 Owen Falls Dam at the source of the Nile River. They used Lake Victoria’s waters to generate power for Ugandan residents and export to neighboring nations.
    (SFC, 6/24/08, p.A14)

1999        Victor Yuschenko became Ukraine’s prime minister and served to 2001. He managed to reverse the country’s economic decline.
    (Econ, 10/30/04, p.27)

1999        The UN Security Council set up a terrorist watch list. It was greatly expanded after the September 2001 terrorist attacks.
    (Econ, 2/2/08, p.66)(www.un.org/sc/committees/1267/consolist.shtml)
1999        A UN peacekeeping force (MONUC) was deployed to Congo, but failed to keep anyone safe. In 2004 the UN Security Council ordered an expansion of forces from 10,000 to 16,000.
    (Econ, 12/4/04, p.45)

1999        Jets began landing on the main island of the archipelago of Socotra, ruled by Yemen. Some 50,000 native Socotris spoke 4 dialects of an ancient language unintelligible to other Yemenis. It has been described as the most alien-looking place on Earth.
    (Econ, 4/24/10, p.46)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Socotra)

1999        In Zimbabwe the Movement for Democratic Change was created to defend democratic principles in contrast to the ruling ZANU-PF.
    (Econ, 11/19/05, p.50)
1999        Zimbabwe experienced its first defaults on its IMF, World Bank, and African Development Bank debts in addition to debts taken out with Western lenders.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Economy_of_Zimbabwe)
1999        The IMF suspended aid to Zimbabwe after disputes over unbudgeted expenditures, the value of its currency and the cost of its participation in the war in Congo. Within a year the World Bank and the African Development Bank followed.
    (AP, 9/10/05)

1999-2000    In Ecuador some 750,000 people migrated after bank collapses triggered a slump.
    (Econ, 10/6/07, p.42)

1999-2001    Gambian rats first began showing up on Florida’s Grassy Key after a local exotic animal breeder released eight of the rats into the wild. The rodents, officially known as the Gambian pouched rat, are the largest known breed of rats in the world. They can grow up to three feet in length and weigh as much as nine pounds.
    (http://tinyurl.com/c9rn3q6)

1999-2003    American consumption of goat meat rose 64% during this period.
    (Econ, 8/27/05, p.53)

1999-2003    The US Volcker report of 2005 said that Australia's wheat exporter, AWB Ltd., paid over $221 million during this period to the Jordanian company, Alia, and that some of the money was for the benefit of the Iraqi government. During this period AWB sold over $2.3 billion in wheat to Iraq. In 2006 11 former executives faced prosecution for illegal kickbacks from Iraq.
    (Econ, 1/28/06, p.41)(Econ, 12/2/06, p.46)

1999-2005    England imposed some 6,500 ASBOs (Anti-Social Behavior Orders) during this period.
    (Econ, 1/14/06, p.57)
1999-2005    Alitalia, Italy’s national airline, accumulated net losses of some 2.6 billion euros.
    (Econ, 1/6/07, p.53)
1999-2005    It was estimated that 3,000 to 5,000 people disappeared in Chechnya over this period. A third due to masked Russian forces and the rest from Chechen “security."
    (Econ, 3/26/05, p.53)

1999-2007    Jeb Bush, the son of former US Pres. H.W. Bush, served as governor of Florida. During this period he cut billions of dollars from state tax receipts and passed a welter of pro-gun laws.
    (Econ, 12/20/14, p.38)

1999-2008    India grew at an average annual rate of 7.3%.
    (Econ, 12/13/08, SR p.8)
1999-2008    Indonesia cut its public debt during this period from about 80% of GDP to just over 30%.
    (Econ, 9/12/09, SR p.9)

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