Timeline 2001 Jan-Mar

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2001        Jan 1, No. 4 Washington beat No. 14 Purdue 34-to-24 in the Rose Bowl.
    (AP, 1/1/02)
2001        Jan 1, It was announced that Tyson Foods Inc. would buy beef and pork giant IBP Inc. in a deal valued at $3.2 billion in cash and stock. Tyson later tried to back out, but IBP sued, and a judge ordered Tyson to complete the deal.
    (AP, 1/1/02)
2001        Jan 1, Ray Walston (b.1914), film and TV actor (My Favorite Martian) died in Beverly Hills, Calif., at age 86.
    (AP, 1/1/02)(NW, 12/31/01, p.106)
2001        Jan 1, In Canada new cigarette warning labels became effective. 16 rotating labels included such warnings as "Cigarettes cause mouth disease" with a photograph of blackened, bleeding gums.
    (SFC, 1/3/01, p.A9)
2001        Jan 1, In Canada a new federal gun control measure went into effect. It called for the licensing and registration of all shotguns and hunting rifles.
    (SFC, 1/5/01, p.A16)
2001        Jan 1, Greece became the 12th country to join the euro. Greece’s public debt at this time was more than 100% of GDP.
    (Econ, 2/6/10, p.75)(www.oanda.com/help/euro)
2001        Jan 1, In Israel a car bomb wounded at least 40 people in Netanya and gunfire killed 4 Palestinians in the West Bank.
    (SFC, 1/2/01, p.A1)
2001        Jan 1, In the Netherlands a fire in a Volendam café killed at least 8 people and injured some 200.
    (SFC, 1/1/00, p.A12)(SFC, 1/2/01, p.A10)
2001        Jan 1, In Mexico rebels soon called for the closure all 7 military bases near rebel strongholds.
    (SFC, 1/2/01, p.A9)
2001        Jan 1, Taiwan allowed Chinese merchants and tourists to sail to Kinmen Island, a move to decriminalize reality and a possible preparation for wider links.
    (SFC, 12/28/00, p.C2)(SFC, 1/2/01, p.A9)
2001        Jan 1, A shipwreck off Turkey killed at least 6 people. The Georgian-flagged Pati cargo ship carried illegal immigrants and dozens were missing.
    (SFC, 1/2/01, p.A10)

2001        Jan 2, Pres. Clinton met with Yasser Arafat and coaxed Arafat to curb the Middle East violence.
    (SFC, 1/3/01, p.A1)
2001        Jan 2, Pres.-elect Bush chose Spencer Abraham of Michigan as Sec. of Energy; Linda Chavez as Sec. of labor; and Norm Mineta, Pres. Clinton’s Commerce Sec., as Sec. of Transportation. Chavez ended up withdrawing after it was disclosed she had given money and shelter to an illegal immigrant who once did chores around Chavez's house.
    (SFC, 1/3/01, p.A1)(AP, 1/2/02)
2001        Jan 2, Former Attorney General and Secretary of State William P. Rogers died in Bethesda, Md., at age 87.
    (AP, 1/2/02)
2001        Jan 2, Ships made the first legal and direct crossing between China and Taiwan in more than half a century.
    (AP, 1/2/02)
2001        Jan 2, In Afghanistan opposition troops captured Ghalmin in central Ghor province.
    (SFC, 1/3/01, p.A12)
2001        Jan 2, In Cambodia the legislature voted to create a special tribunal to try leaders of the 1970s Khmer Rouge regime.
    (SFC, 1/3/01, p.A9)
2001        Jan 2, In Indonesia Ryaas Rasyid, the Administrative Reform Minister, resigned and said the government was moving too slowly to decentralize administrative policies.
    (SFC, 1/3/01, p.A10)

2001        Jan 3, Oklahoma defeated Florida State, 13-to-2, to win the Orange Bowl and capture college football's Bowl Championship Series title game.
    (AP, 1/3/02)
2001        Jan 3, The 107th Congress opened with the Senate split evenly down the middle. Because of the 50-50 divide, the Democrats were initially in control, since Vice President Al Gore could break ties, but the Republicans took over on Inauguration Day when Dick Cheney became vice president. However, the Senate reverted to Democratic control when Vermont Sen. James Jeffords switched his affiliation from Republican to Independent in May.
    (SFC, 1/4/01, p.A3)(AP, 1/3/02)
2001        Jan 3, The US Federal Reserve under Alan Greenspan, outside its normal schedule of meetings, reduced interest rates by a half % and sent the Nasdaq up 324 points to 2616. The Dow rose 299 to 10,945.
    (SFC, 1/4/01, p.A1)(Econ, 10/20/07, SR p.16)
2001        Jan 3, In Delaware a fire at an Oak Orchard rural home killed 11 Wright-Shelton family members including 7 children.
    (SFC, 1/4/01, p.C12)(AP, 1/3/02)
2001        Jan 3, In Prague some 100,000 people gathered in Wenceslas Square to support the striking TV journalists.
    (SFC, 1/4/01, p.A8)
2001        Jan 3, On the India-Pakistan border 4 Indian soldiers and 2 civilians were killed at the border post of Arhayee Mandi.
    (SFC, 1/4/01, p.A12)
2001        Jan 3, Iraq denied reports that Pres. Saddam Hussein was hospitalized with a stroke following a parade Dec 31.
    (SFC, 1/4/01, p.A12)
2001        Jan 3, Yasser Arafat accepted "with reservations" Pres. Clinton’s outline for an Israeli-Palestinian settlement.
    (SFC, 1/4/01, p.A8)
2001        Jan 3, In Spain a commuter train hit a van near Lorca and 12 Ecuadoran farm workers were killed.
    (WSJ, 1/04/01, p.A1)
2001        Jan 3, In Tanzania 6 armed men attacked a ferry with 50 passengers in Lake Tanganyika and 3 were shot to death including a 3-year-old girl. Male passengers were ordered to jump into the lake and 5 bodies were later recovered. 20 were feared drowned. 5 gunmen were later arrested.
    (SFC, 1/8/01, p.A10)(SFC, 1/9/01, p.A15)
2001        Jan 3, In Turkey suicide bomber Gultekin Koc (23) killed himself a 2 others in a police station in Istanbul. At least 7 people were injured. Koc was a member of the Revolutionary People’s Liberation Party-Front, a Marxist group.
    (SFC, 1/4/01, p.A9)(SFC, 9/11/01, p.B3)

2001        Jan 4, It was announced that George, the politics and lifestyle magazine founded by the late John F. Kennedy Jr., would fold.
    (AP, 1/4/02)
2001        Jan 4, California state regulators approved raising electricity rates by an average 10% as state utilities stood near bankruptcy.
    (SFC, 1/5/01, p.A1)
2001        Jan 4, Orchestra leader Les Brown, known for his "Band of Renown," died at age 88.
    (AP, 1/4/02)
2001        cJan 4, In Colombia a right-wing death squad killed 11 people in a northeast town.
    (WSJ, 1/05/01, p.A1)
2001        Jan 4, India test flew its 1st locally developed jet fighter.
    (WSJ, 1/05/01, p.A1)
2001        Jan 4, In Indonesia rival villages clashed on Lombok and 9 people were killed. 7 others were killed in fighting between rival villages in North Sulawesi.
    (SFC, 1/5/01, p.D2)(WSJ, 1/05/01, p.A1)
2001        Jan 4, It was reported that Russia had moved nuclear warheads into storage areas at its Kaliningrad naval base over the past year. Russia called the charges a dangerous joke.
    (SFC, 1/4/01, p.A8)(SFC, 1/5/01, p.A20)
2001        Jan 4, In Sri Lanka the defense ministry announced that the civil war left 3,753 people dead in 2000, including 87 civilians.
    (SFC, 1/5/01, p.D2)

2001        Jan 5, In a blizzard of last-minute executive orders, President Clinton banned roads and most logging in 58.5 million acres of federal forests in 38 states.
    (WSJ, 1/05/01, p.A1)(AP, 1/5/02)
2001        Jan 5, US Republicans agreed to share power in the Senate with Democrats on committees.
    (SFC, 1/6/01, p.A1)
2001        Jan 5, In 2007 it was reported that a French intelligence document dated to this day warned that al-Qaida was at work on a hijacking plot. The information was passed on to the CIA. Documents on Osama bin Laden's terror network were drawn up by the French spy service, the DGSE, between July 2000 and October 2001.
    (AP, 4/16/07)

2001        Jan 6, With the vanquished Vice President Al Gore presiding, Congress formally certified George W. Bush the winner of the achingly close and bitterly contested 2000 presidential election.
    (AP, 1/6/02)
2001        Jan 6, The Episcopal Church and Evangelical Lutheran Church of America inaugurated an alliance to share clergy, churches and missionary work. Their combined membership numbered 7.7 million.
    (SSFC, 1/7/01, p.A2)
2001        Jan 6, A NATO meeting was scheduled in Italy on the use of ammunition with depleted uranium following the deaths from cancer of 6 Italian soldiers following duty in the Balkans. 5 Balkan veterans from Belgium along with peacekeepers from Spain, Portugal and the Czech Republic had died of cancer.
    (WSJ, 1/04/01, p.A1)(SFC, 1/6/01, p.A7)
2001        Jan 6, The number of Japan’s national ministries and agencies was cut from 22 to 12 in an effort to expand efficiency and shift power from bureaucracies to politicians.
    (SSFC, 1/7/01, p.D3)
2001        Jan 6, In Somalia Rahanwein Resistance Army gunmen attacked government forces escorting officials and at least 9 people were killed near Teiglow village.
    (SSFC, 1/7/01, p.D2)
2001        Jan 6, In South Africa it was reported that cholera had recently sickened some 13,000 people in KwaZulu-Natal and had killed at least 53.
    (SFC, 1/6/01, p.D8)
2001        Jan 6, Thailand government elections pitted PM Chuan Leekpai’s Democratic Party against the Thais Love Thais (Thai Rak Thai) party of Thaksin Shinawatra (51). Elections for 500 seats in the lower parliament were scheduled with new laws to reduce vote-buying. Shinawatra, Thailand’s richest man, won with 248 seats and divested his assets to relatives.
    (SFC, 1/6/01, p.A8)(SSFC, 1/7/01, p.D1)(WSJ, 2/2/01, p.A1)(Econ, 2/5/05, p.11,24)

2001        Jan 7, Pres. Clinton told the people of Israel that "there is no choice for you but to divide this land into two states for two people."
    (SFC, 1/8/01, p.A9)
2001        Jan 7, President-elect George W. Bush's transition team acknowledged that Labor Secretary-designate Linda Chavez had provided housing and financial aid to an illegal immigrant. Chavez ended up withdrawing her nomination.
    (AP, 1/7/02)
2001        Jan 7, John Kufuor (b.1938) became president of Ghana.
    (Econ, 11/29/08, p.51)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Kufuor)
2001        Jan 7, Iraqi Kurdish officials reported that at least 500 Turkish troops had pushed 100 miles into northern Iraq in response to a call for help from the PUK. The PUK was fighting the PKK and had lost 200 soldiers in recent weeks. Some 10,000 Turkish troops had entered northern Iraq since Dec 20.
    (SFC, 1/8/01, p.A9)
2001        Jan 7, In the Ivory Coast mutinous soldiers attacked the broadcasting facilities and offices of state television and radio in Abidjan. The coup attempt was reported to have failed. 32 people were arrested and at least 8 people were killed.
    (SFC, 1/8/01, p.A9)(SFC, 1/9/01, p.A15)
2001        Jan 7, In Russia Pres. Putin pledged to pay all of its Soviet-era int’l. debts.
    (SFC, 1/8/01, p.A10)

2001        Jan 8, Mike Dombeck, US Forest Service chief, outlined a policy to end the cutting of all old-growth trees in national forests.
    (SFC, 1/9/01, p.A3)
2001        Jan 8, Pope John Paul II was awarded the Congressional Gold Medal.
    (AP, 1/8/02)
2001        Jan 8, Former Louisiana Gov. Edwin Edwards was sentenced to 10 years in prison and fined a quarter of a million dollars for extorting payoffs from businessmen applying for riverboat casino licenses.
    (AP, 1/8/02)
2001        Jan 8, Donna Bailey (43), paralyzed from a Ford Explorer rollover crash, settled her suit with Ford and Firestone for a total in the range of $20-35 million along with the disclosure of internal memos and reports on tire safety and rollover issues.
    (SFC, 1/9/01, p.A3)
2001        Jan 8, Advanced Micro Devices announced its new 850 MHz Duron chip.
    (WSJ, 1/09/01, p.B7)
2001        Jan 8, In Afghanistan the Taliban ordered the death penalty for anyone who converts from Islam to a different religion.
    (WSJ, 1/09/01, p.A1)
2001        Jan 8, The Taliban massacred some 150-300 unarmed Hazaras, a Shiite Muslim minority group, in Yakalang.
    (SFC, 2/19/01, p.A9)(SFC, 11/10/01, p.A4)
2001        Jan 8, It was reported that Britain was culling 20-30 thousand older cows per week in the mad cow crises and that it would take 3 years to catch up with the backlog for rendering their remains to powder.
    (WSJ, 1/08/01, p.A1)
2001        Jan 8, In Montenegro assassins killed a senior secret-service officer in Podgorica.
    (WSJ, 1/09/01, p.A1)
2001        Jan 8, Palestinian’s rejected Pres. Clinton’s formula for a permanent Mideast settlement.
    (SSFC, 12/30/01, p.D2)

2001        Jan 9, Linda Chavez, the Bush nominee for labor secretary, withdrew following reports that she housed an illegal immigrant and paid her for house chores.
    (SFC, 1/10/01, p.A1)
2001        Jan 9, The Supreme Court limited the reach of federal law to protect wetlands.
    (WSJ, 1/10/01, p.A1)
2001        Jan 9, It was reported that Amory Lovins (53) of Colorado was attempting to build a super-efficient sport-utility vehicle called the Hypercar with 99 mpg. It would be powered by fuel cells and built from carbon fiber.
    (WSJ, 1/09/01, p.A1)
2001        Jan 9, It was reported that a super cluster of quasars and galaxies was found that spread across 600 million light years. The system was 6.5 billion light years away in the constellation Leo.
    (SFC, 1/9/01, p.A4)
2001        Jan 9, Astronomers reported the discovery of a giant object more than 17 times the size of Jupiter in the constellation Serpens 123 light-years away.
    (SFC, 1/10/01, p.A1)
2001        Jan 9, In Algeria four Russian engineers went mushroom picking in the forest of Edough and were found with their throats cut 2 days later.
    (SFC, 1/10/01, p.A9)
2001        Jan 9, Biljana Plavsic, former Bosnian Serb president, left for the Hague to appear before the UN war crimes tribunal over her role in the 1992-1995 war.
    (SFC, 1/10/01, p.A10)
2001        Jan 9, The UN announced that in Burma Aung San Suu Kyi and the military junta had held more than one round of talks since October.
    (SFC, 1/10/01, p.A10)
2001        Jan 9, In Chechnya Kenny Gluck, a US aid worker, was kidnapped and a 2nd was wounded.
    (WSJ, 1/11/01, p.A1)
2001        Jan 9, In India the Mahakumbha Mela (Pitcher Festival), the world’s largest religious festival, opened in Allahabad at the confluence of the Ganga, Yamuna and Saraswati rivers. The festival dated back to the 10th century and 65 million people were expected.
    (SSFC, 1/7/01, p.T3)(SSFC, 1/14/01, p.D8)
2001        Jan 9, Russia confirmed that it does not intend to make all of its scheduled payments to the 18 Nation Paris Club.
    (SFC, 1/10/01, p.A10)

2001        Jan 10, President-elect Bush moved quickly in search of a new candidate for labor secretary after the abrupt withdrawal of his first choice, Linda Chavez. Bush and his national security team received a top-secret Pentagon briefing on military challenges around the world.
    (AP, 1/10/02)
2001        Jan 10, James Hoecker, chairman of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), resigned. The agency had rejected calls to cap soaring energy prices in California.
    (SFC, 1/11/01, p.A1)
2001        Jan 10, LA Mayor Richard Riordan warned Gov. Davis that he would cut off the sale of surplus power to the state, unless LA was paid in advance.
    (SSFC, 12/16/01, p.A1)
2001        Jan 10, American Airlines (AMR) called its plan to acquire Trans World Airlines (TWA) beneficial to consumers. TWA’s board approved plans for bankruptcy and accept the buyout offer. TWA had used St. Louis as a hub.
    (WSJ, 1/11/01, p.A3)(WSJ, 1/2/02, p.R12)(Econ, 6/28/08, p.37)
2001        Jan 10, It was reported that some 18,000 Afghan refugees had crossed the border into Pakistan in recent weeks.
    (SFC, 1/10/01, p.A8)
2001        Jan 10, China sent rats into orbit aboard its "Sacred Ship" Shenzhou II, powered by a Long March rocket.
    (SFC, 1/11/01, p.A16)
2001        Jan 10, In Colombia soldiers rescued 56 hostages held by ELN guerrillas outside Barbosa.
    (SFC, 1/11/01, p.A14)
2001        Jan 10, In the Republic of Congo 2 freight trains collided near Nvoungouti station and at least 30 people were killed.
    (SFC, 1/12/01, p.A18)
2001        Jan 10, In Germany Chancellor Schroeder created a new super-ministry for food, agriculture and consumer protection to combat mad cow disease.
    (SFC, 1/11/01, p.A14)
2001        Jan 10, In Indonesia searchers found a crashed navy plane in the dense jungle of Irian Jaya and confirmed the death of ten people.
    (SFC, 1/10/01, p.A9)
2001        Jan 10, Indonesia extended a truce in Aceh province after separatists agreed at talks in Switzerland to halt fighting for a month.
    (WSJ, 1/11/01, p.A1)
2001        Jan 10, In Mexico the government shut down a 3rd military base in Chiapas.
    (SFC, 1/11/01, p.A14)

2001        Jan 11, Pres.-elect Bush chose Elaine Chao, a former head of the peace Corps and United Way, to serve as secretary of labor after Linda Chavez withdrew. Bush chose Robert Zoellick to be the US trade representative.
    (SFC, 1/12/01, p.A1,12)(AP, 1/11/02)
2001        Jan 11, James Riady, Indonesian businessman, agreed to pay an $8.6 million US fine and pleaded guilty for arranging $500,000 in illegal donations to Pres. Clinton and others.
    (WSJ, 1/12/01, p.A1)
2001        Jan 11, The US Army premiered its new slogan "An Army of one" on the TV sitcom "Friends."
    (SFC, 1/10/01, p.B3)
2001        Jan 11, The US Army blamed the "fog of war" in apology and acknowledgement that US soldiers massacred 248 refugees at No Gun Ri in South Korea in 1950.
    (SSFC, 12/30/01, p.D2)(AP, 1/11/02)
2001        Jan 11, The FCC approved the $106 billion merger of America Online (AOL) and Time Warner.
    (SFC, 1/12/01, p.A1)
2001        Jan 11, FedEx agreed to handle most of the Postal Services air transportation in a $6.3 billion deal.
    (WSJ, 1/2/02, p.R12)
2001        Jan 11, Unisys, Dell and Microsoft announced an agreement to jointly create an electronic voting system.
    (WSJ, 1/11/01, p.B1)
2001        Jan 11, Researchers in Oregon reported the 1st genetically altered monkey produced to contain a jelly-fish gene for florescence.
    (SFC, 1/12/01, p.A1)
2001        Jan 11, In Oklahoma Wanda Jean Allen (41) was executed for 2 murders. This was the 1st execution of an African American woman since 1954.
    (SFC, 1/12/01, p.A6)
2001        Jan 11, In China state media reported at least 27 people dead from a New years Day blizzard in inner Mongolia.
    (SFC, 1/12/01, p.A18)
2001        Jan 11, In the Czech Republic Jiri Hodac resigned as the chief of television. Over 50,000 protestors continued to demonstrate in Wenceslas Square for guarantees of political independence for public television.
    (SFC, 1/12/01, p.A17)
2001        Jan 11, Israeli and Palestinian high level peace talks resumed as Israel lifted the blockade of West Bank towns of Qalqilyah and Jenin and reopened the Palestinian airport in Gaza. Palestinian travel from the West Bank to Jordan and from Gaza to Egypt was opened.
    (SFC, 1/12/01, p.A16)

2001        Jan 12, The U.S. Commission on Civil Rights concluded a two-day hearing on Florida's presidential election, with members accusing Secretary of State Katherine Harris of presiding over a "disaster" and trying to shift blame to others.
    (AP, 1/12/02)
2001        Jan 12, The FERC approved a corporate restructure for California’s PG&E that allowed the parent company to shield profits from the mounting debts of its utility subsidiary.
    (SFC, 1/16/01, p.A1)
2001        Jan 12, William Hewlett (b.1913), co-founder of Hewlett-Packard Corp., died in Palo Alto, Calif.
    (SFC, 1/13/01, p.A1)(NW, 12/31/01, p.109)

2001        Jan 13, In Utah a small plane crashed into the Great Salt Lake and all 9 people aboard were killed.
    (SFC, 1/16/01, p.A2)
2001        Jan 13, In El Salvador a 7.6 earthquake hit near San Salvador. Some 1200 people were not accounted for in the buried Las Colinas neighborhood. The “slab earthquake" originated 24-36 miles below the surface. The earthquake death toll later climbed to over 840. Damages were estimated at $1 billion.
    (SSFC, 1/14/01, p.A1)(SSFC, 1/21/01, p.D1)(AP, 1/13/06)
2001        Jan 13, The Palestinian Authority executed the 1st 2 Palestinians ever convicted of collaborating with Israel.
    (SSFC, 1/14/01, p.D1)

2001        Jan 14, The matchup for Super Bowl 35 was decided as the New York Giants shut out the Minnesota Vikings, 41-to-0, to win the NFC championship and the Baltimore Ravens beat the Oakland Raiders, 16-to-3, to gain the AFC title.
    (AP, 1/14/02)
2001        Jan 14, It was reported that power generators in California were suspected of shutting down power plants to sell high-valued natural gas contributing to high costs and power shortages.
    (SSFC, 1/14/01, p.A1)
2001        Jan 14, In Colombia 8 people were killed by at least 40 gunmen outside Valledupar in Cesar state. Right-wing paramilitaries were blamed.
    (SFC, 1/15/01, p.A15)
2001        Jan 14, In El Salvador aftershocks continued from the Jan 13 earthquake and the death toll climbed to over 400.
    (SFC, 1/15/01, p.A1)
2001        Jan 14, In Mongolia 9 people were killed when a Russian-made MI-8 helicopter crashed. The dead included 4 members of a UN disaster assessment team.
    (SFC, 1/15/01, p.A15)
2001        Jan 14, In Portugal Pres. Sampaio won re-election with 55.8% of the vote. The turnout was a record low.
    (WSJ, 1/15/01, p.A1)

2001        Jan 15, President-elect Bush marked the Martin Luther King Jr. holiday at an elementary school in Houston, where he promised wary black Americans: "My job will be to listen not only to the successful, but also to the suffering."
    (AP, 1/15/02)
2001        Jan 15, Jimmy Wales (35), a retired futures and options trader, founded Wikipedia, an Internet encyclopedia. It started as an offshoot of Nupedia, a free, online encyclopedia written by experts. Larry Sanger and Jimmy Wales came up with the idea of allowing anybody to edit entries. In 2009 Andrew Lih authored “The Wikipedia Revolution: How as Bunch of Nobodies Created the World’s Greatest Encyclopedia."
    (SFC, 12/6/05, p.A10)(WSJ, 3/18/09, p.A13)(SFC, 1/15/11, p.D1)(Econ, 1/15/11, p.14)
2001        Jan 15, In East Africa the presidents of Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda formed a regional partnership, reviving one that collapsed in 1978.
    (SFC, 1/16/01, p.A10)
2001        Jan 15, The Jan 13 El Salvador earthquake death toll climbed to over 707 and damages were estimated at $1 billion [see Jan 13].
    (SFC, 1/16/01, p.A1)(SSFC, 1/21/01, p.D1)
2001        Jan 15, The Palestinian authority offered amnesty to suspected collaborators with Israel.
    (SFC, 1/16/01, p.A9)
2001        Jan 15, In the Philippines flooding of the Balugo River and tributaries drove some 12,000 people from their homes.
    (SFC, 1/16/01, p.A10)

2001        Jan 16, Dave Winfield and Kirby Puckett were elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame on their first try.
    (AP, 1/16/02)
2001        Jan 16, Confirmation hearings for Attorney General-designate John Ashcroft opened in Washington with Senate Democrats throwing jabs at him over abortion and civil rights.
    (AP, 1/16/02)
2001        Jan 16, Leonard Woodcock, former head of the United Auto Workers union, died in Ann Arbor, Mich., at age 89.
    (AP, 1/16/02)
2001        Jan 16, In China the Shenzhou II unmanned space craft landed after 108 orbits.
    (WSJ, 1/17/01, p.A1)
2001        Jan 16, In Congo Pres. Kabila was assassinated by one of his bodyguards, Rashidi Kasereka, who was immediately killed. In 2003 a military court sentenced 26 people to death for the assassination.
    (SFC, 1/17/01, p.A1)(SFC, 1/24/01, p.A12)(SFC, 1/8/03, p.A16)
2001        Jan 16, The Ecuadoran tanker Jessica with 243,000 gallons of fuel, ran aground on San Cristobal island in the Galapagos and began leaking fuel 3 days later.
    (SFC, 1/20/01, p.A11)(SFC, 1/22/01, p.A10)
2001        Jan 16, In Kashmir 11 people died when militants attacked the airport at Srinagar. The Pakistan-based Lashkar-e-Taiba guerrillas claimed responsibility. The group was later banned in Pakistan but reappeared under the name Jamaat-ud-Dawa.
    (SFC, 1/17/01, p.A11)(Econ, 7/29/06, p.39)
2001        Jan 16, Luther and Johnny Htoo, twin adolescent leaders of an ethnic Karen rebel group in Myanmar, surrendered to Thai border police.
    (WSJ, 1/17/01, p.A1)
2001        Jan 16, In the Philippines the prosecution against Pres. Estrada quit after the Senate voted to deny access to crucial evidence.
    (SFC, 1/17/01, p.A10)
2001        Jan 16, In Sri Lanka a government offensive left 41 people dead including 22 rebels and 18 soldiers.
    (SFC, 1/17/01, p.A11)

2001        Jan 17, Pres. Clinton created 6 new national monuments that included: The Carrizo Plain, 204,107 acres between San Luis Obispo and Bakersfield in California; the 377,346 acres Upper Missouri River Breaks and the 51 acres Pompeys Pillar landmark in Montana; the 486,149 acre Sonoran Desert monument in Arizona; the 63 acre Minidoka Internment National Monument in Idaho; and the 4,148 acre Kasha-Katuwe Tent Rocks in New Mexico.
    (SFC, 1/17/01, p.A2)
2001        Jan 17, California used rolling blackouts to cut off power to hundreds of thousands of people. Gov. Davis declared a state of emergency and ordered the Dept. of Water Resources to buy and sell electricity to help alleviate the crises. PG&E defaulted on $76 million in short term debt.
    (SFC, 1/18/01, p.A1)(AP, 1/17/02)
2001        Jan 17, Gregory Corso (70), Beat poet, died in Robbinsdale, Minn. His poetry collections included "Gasoline" and "Mindfield" (1989).
    (SFC, 1/19/01, p.D7)
2001        Jan 17, In Britain the House of Commons voted 387 to 174 to ban fox hunting.
    (SFC, 1/18/01, p.A16)
2001        Jan 17, In Colombia 25 men were hacked to death by some 50 AUC right-wing paramilitary at Chengue. 30 homes were set on fire and 7 men taken as hostages. Residents had called for protection 23 months earlier.
    (SFC, 1/18/01, p.A14)(SSFC, 1/21/01, p.D3)
2001        Jan 17, In Congo government ministers named Joseph Kabila, son of Laurent Kabila, as temporary head of state.
    (SFC, 1/18/01, p.A13)
2001        Jan 17, In Indonesia separatist rebels took 6 hostages in Irian Jaya. The kidnappers belonged to a faction of the Free Papua Movement led by Willem Konde.
    (SFC, 1/18/01, p.A16)
2001        Jan 17, It was reported that Norway was lifting its ban on exports of whale meat and byproducts.
    (WSJ, 1/17/01, p.A1)
2001        Jan 17, Hisham Miki (54), head of Palestinian TV, was shot to death by 3 masked men in Gaza City.
    (SFC, 1/18/01, p.A13)
2001        Jan 17, In Sudan some 30,000 people fled rebel-held regions in the Numa Mountains.
    (SFC, 1/18/01, p.A16)

2001        Jan 18, One year ago: President Clinton, in a farewell from the Oval Office, told the nation that "America has done well" during his presidency, with record-breaking prosperity and a cleaner environment.
    (AP, 1/18/02)
2001        Jan 18, Electricity-strapped California saw a second day of rolling blackouts.
    (AP, 1/18/02)
2001        Jan 18, SF sued 13 energy providers for collusion to fix prices and restrict the energy supply.
    (SFC, 1/19/01, p.A12)
2001        Jan 18, Rev. Jesse Jackson acknowledged that he had fathered a daughter in 1999 through an extramarital affair with Karin Stanford, former head of the Rainbow/PUSH Washington office.
    (SSFC, 1/21/01, p.D7)(AP, 1/18/02)
2001        Jan 18, In Algeria 23 shepherds and farmers were killed in the Dahra region by armed assailants.
    (SFC, 1/20/01, p.A11)
2001        Jan 18, The Congo government announced the death of Laurent Kabila.
    (SFC, 1/19/01, p.A16)
2001        Jan 18, Ofir Rafum (16) of Israel was murdered in the West Bank after being lured over by a woman via an internet relationship.
    (SFC, 1/20/01, p.A11)
2001        Jan 18, In Romania there was a cyanide spill in the Siret River. 72 people were later hospitalized after eating river fish.
    (WSJ, 1/25/01, p.A1)
2001        Jan 18, Pavel Borodin (54), secretary of the Russia-Belarus Union, was arrested at JFK airport by FBI agents on a Swiss warrant for money laundering.
    (SFC, 1/19/01, p.A15)
2001        Jan 18, In Thailand a court agreed to hear a corruption case against Prime Minister-elect Thakson Shinawatra.
    (SFC, 1/19/01, p.D4)
2001        Jan 18, In Thailand 2 bombs exploded in Bangkok and at least 8 people were killed.
    (SFC, 1/19/01, p.A17)

2001        Jan 19, Pres. Clinton admitted that he misled prosecutors about his relationship with Monica Lewinsky and struck a deal with independent counsel Robert Ray to accept a 5-year suspension of his Arkansas law license and pay a $25,000 fine.
    (SFC, 1/20/01, p.A1)(AP, 1/19/02)
2001        Jan 19, Pres. Clinton lifted economic sanctions against Yugoslavia.
    (SFC, 1/20/01, p.A11)
2001        Jan 19, The US and Israel signed an agreement to phase out economic aid by 2008. half the aid would be replaced by military aid. Separately $80 million was pledged to a UN relief agency for Palestinian refugees.
    (SFC, 1/20/01, p.A11)
2001        Jan 19, Former NFL player Rae Carruth was acquitted of first-degree murder but convicted of conspiracy and two other charges in the fatal shooting of his pregnant girlfriend. Carruth was later sentenced to a minimum of 18 years, 11 months in prison and a maximum of 24 years, four months.
    (AP, 1/19/02)
2001        Jan 19, In Afghanistan UN sanctions began following a 30-day deadline for the handover of Osama bin Laden. The sanctions coincided with the worst drought in 30 years.
    (SFC, 1/20/01, p.A13)
2001        Jan 19, In Algeria gunmen killed 11 family members in Medea.
    (SSFC, 1/21/01, p.D4)
2001        Jan 19, The Belgian government agreed to decriminalize the use of marijuana.
    (SFC, 1/20/01, p.A11)
2001        Jan 19, In Congo fighting between Hema and Lendu tribes people left about 118 Hema dead along with 159 Lendu.
    (SFC, 1/29/01, p.A12,14)
2001        Jan 19, Off Ecuador’s Galapagos Islands, the tanker Jessica, aground on San Cristobal island, cracked its cargo hold and began leaking fuel. Some 150,000 gallons of diesel and bunker fuel were released. It was later learned that the oil caused the deaths of thousands of marine iguanas.
    (SFC, 1/22/01, p.A10)(SFC, 6/6/02, p.A2)
2001        Jan 19, Thousands of people fled the Ivory Coast for Burkino Faso to escape attacks on foreigners. As many as 10,000 were arriving each week and others were fleeing to Mali, Ghana and Niger.
    (SFC, 1/20/01, p.A14)
2001        Jan 19, In Liberia Pres. Charles Taylor said that he has ended support of the RUF in Sierra Leone and would submit to int’l. scrutiny of his finances.
    (SFC, 1/20/01, p.A14)
2001        Jan 19, In Mexico Joaquin Guzman Loera, aka "El Chapo," escaped from the maximum-security prison in Jalisco state. Leonardo Beltran, the prison director, and 30 officers were detained for possible involvement in the cocaine trafficker’s escape. 78 people were later implicated.
    (SSFC, 1/21/01, p.D4)(SFC, 2/21/01, p.A11)
2001        Jan 19, In Nigeria Bariya Magazu (19) was flogged 100 times for having premarital sex under Islamic law (sharia).
    (SFC, 1/23/01, p.A11)

2001        Jan 20, Michelle Kwan won her fourth straight U.S. Figure Skating Championship title while Timothy Goebel won his first men's title.
    (AP, 1/20/02)
2001        Jan 20, Pres. Clinton in his final hours issued 36 commutations and 140 pardons that included Susan McDougal, Patricia Hearst, Henry Cisneros, John Deutch and Roger Clinton. It was later revealed that Hugh Rodham, the brother of Hillary Rodham Clinton, received $400,000 to help 2 felons win clemency.
    (SSFC, 1/21/01, p.A1)(SFC, 2/23/01, p.A1)
2001        Jan 20, George Bush, the 1st president with an MBA, was inaugurated as the nation’s 43rd president in Washington DC. The "compassionate conservative" vowed to lead "through civility, courage, compassion and character."
    (SFC, 1/20/01, p.A1)(SSFC, 1/21/01, p.A1)
2001        Jan 20, Pres. Bush suspended all late-term executive orders issued by Pres. Clinton.
    (SSFC, 1/21/01, p.A5)
2001        Jan 20, Some 25,000 protesters gathered in Washington DC for the inauguration of Pres. Bush along with some 7,000 police.
    (SSFC, 1/21/01, p.A4)
2001        Jan 20, In Bangladesh a bomb exploded at a leftist political rally in Dhaka and at least 6 people were killed.
    (SSFC, 1/21/01, p.D4)
2001        Jan 20, In Indonesia mudslides in North Sulawesi province killed at least 33 people.
    (SFC, 1/23/01, p.C14)
2001        Jan 20, In Iraq the government said US and British warplanes killed 6 citizens in air attacks over southern Al-Muthana province.
    (SSFC, 1/21/01, p.D4)
2001        Jan 20, In Israel Prime Minister Barak agreed to a Palestinian proposal for a fresh round of peace negotiations in Taba, Egypt.
    (SSFC, 1/21/01, p.D3)
2001        Jan 20, In the West Bank Israeli soldiers captured Mona Najar (25), suspected in the Jan 18 luring and murder of Ophir Rakhum.
    (SSFC, 1/21/01, p.3)
2001        Jan 20, In the Philippines Pres. Estrada stepped down as tens of thousands, united by cell phone messages, marched on his residence. Vice President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo (53), daughter of former pres. Diosdado Macapagal, took over power.
    (SFC, 1/20/01, p.A1,12)(AP, 1/20/02)

2001        Jan 21, The Roman epic "Gladiator" claimed best dramatic movie and the 1970's rock-and-roll story "Almost Famous" won best comedy at the Golden Globes Awards.
    (AP, 1/21/02)
2001        Jan 21, Pope John Paul II elevated archbishops of New York and Washington and 35 other church leaders to the College of Cardinals.
    (AP, 1/21/02)
2001        Jan 21, Byron De La Beckwith (80), a white supremacist convicted three decades after the fact for assassinating civil rights leader Medgar Evers, died in Jackson, Miss.
    (AP, 1/21/02)
2001        Jan 21, In Chechnya rebels fought street battles in Gudermes following weekend raids that left 6 Russian soldiers dead.
    (WSJ, 1/22/01, p.A1)
2001        Jan 24, Portugal Telecom and Spain’s Telefonica announced today the formation of a US$ 10 billion Strategic Joint Venture ("JV") for mobile services in Brazil. The resulting entity, named Vivo, was formed from seven assorted mobile units they already controlled.
    (Econ, 5/22/10, p.71)(http://tinyurl.com/2cxlgd4)
2001        Jan 21, Syria approved private banking and ended artificial exchange rates.
    (WSJ, 1/22/01, p.A1)
2001        Jan 21, In Ukraine 9 miners died and 15 were injured in a gas explosion in the Donetsk coal region.
    (WSJ, 1/22/01, p.A1)

2001        Jan 22, Pres. Bush banned US funding for overseas abortion counseling. On the anniversary of the Supreme Court decision legalizing abortion, Bush signed a memorandum reinstating full abortion restrictions on U.S. overseas aid.
    (SFC, 1/23/01, p.A1)(AP, 1/22/02)
2001        Jan 22, US police in Colorado caught 4 escaped Texas convicts. A 5th committed suicide. The 2 at large were caught a day later.
    (SFC, 1/23/01, p.A3)(SFC, 1/24/01, p.A2)
2001        Jan 22, In Britain the House of Lords passed legislation that effectively legalized the creation of cloned human embryos.
    (SFC, 1/23/01, p.A12)
2001        Jan 22, Israeli and Palestinian negotiators met in Taba, Egypt.
    (SFC, 1/23/01, p.A12)
2001        Jan 22, In Japan Fukushiro Nukaga, economics minister, resigned in a bribery scandal and was succeeded by Taro Aso.
    (WSJ, 1/23/01, p.A1)
2001        Jan 22, In Russia Pres. Putin put his domestic security agency in charge of the war effort in Chechnya.
    (SFC, 1/23/01, p.C3)

2001        Jan 23, Spencer Abraham, energy secretary, extended 2 federal emergency orders forcing power suppliers to continue selling electricity and natural gas to California.
    (SFC, 1/24/01, p.A1)
2001        Jan 23, California energy officials eked sufficient power out of tight West Coast electricity supplies to avoid rush hour blackouts as lawmakers scrambled to make longer-term deals to buy power.
    (AP, 1/23/02)
2001        Jan 23, Five people believed to members of Falun Gong set themselves on fire in Tiananmen Square. One woman and her daughter (12) died. In August 4 people were convicted of murder for organizing the self-immolation. A judge found that they had spread the notion that members could achieve nirvana through self-immolation.
    (SFC, 1/24/01, p.A12)(SFC, 8/18/01, p.A11)
2001        Jan 23, In Egypt Israeli-Palestinian peace talks were suspended after Palestinian gunmen executed 2 Israelis, alleged Shin Bet security agents, in Tulkarem.
    (SFC, 1/24/01, p.A13)
2001        Jan 23, India extended its cease-fire in Kashmir for a 3rd month.
    (WSJ, 1/24/01, p.A1)

2001        Jan 24, In California the state received bids for long-term electricity contracts in an auction to help ease the energy crises.
    (SFC, 1/25/01, p.A1)
2001        Jan 24, The last two of seven escaped convicts from Texas were captured in Colorado after 42 days on the run; four others were captured earlier, and one committed suicide.
    (AP, 1/24/02)
2001        Jan 24, Lucent Technologies said it would eliminate up to 16,000 jobs.
    (AP, 1/24/02)
2001        Jan 24, In Chechnya 14 Russian soldiers were killed.
    (WSJ, 1/25/01, p.A1)
2001        Jan 24, The Chinese lunar calendar marked this as the new year, 4699, Year of the Snake. It is celebrated in Vietnam as Tet and in Korea as Solnol.
    (SSFC, 1/28/01, p.CN3)(SSFC, 2/4/01, p.B1)

2001        Jan 25, Richard Clarke, US top counter-terrorism advisor, presented a strategy document to Condoleeza Rice with proposal for eliminating the threat from al-Qaeda. The document was made public in 2005.
    (SFC, 2/12/05, p.A5)
2001        Jan 25, Alan Greenspan said budget surpluses were growing enough to allow a tax cut and still eliminate the national debt by the end of the decade.
    (SFC, 1/26/01, p.A1)
2001        Jan 25, A jury in Fort Lauderdale, Fla., found 13-year-old Lionel Tate guilty of first-degree murder in the death of a 6-year-old family friend. Tate had said he accidentally killed the girl while imitating moves by pro wrestlers.
    (AP, 1/25/02)
2001        Jan 25, The first World Social Forum (WSF), originated by Oded Grajew, opened in Porto Alegre, Brazil, organized by many groups including the French Association for the Taxation of Financial Transactions for the Aid of Citizens (ATTAC).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_Social_Forum)
2001        Jan 25, Israel and Palestine continued talks in Egypt as an Israeli motorist was killed in an ambush by the "Thabet Thabet Brigade."
    (SFC, 1/26/01, p.A12)
2001        Jan 25, In Venezuela a DC-3 Rutaca Airlines flight 225 crashed and all 24 passengers, American and European tourists, were killed.
    (SFC, 1/26/01, p.A12)

2001        Jan 26, Pres. Bush renewed his pledge to build a missile defense system and to reduce the nuclear arsenal.
    (SFC, 1/27/01, p.A3)
2001        Jan 26, Scientists announced that they had decoded the genetic blueprint of rice. It was the 1st important plant to have its genome decoded.
    (SFC, 1/27/01, p.A7)
2001        Jan 26, Diane Whipple (33), Lacrosse coach, died after being mauled by 2 dogs in her San Francisco Pacific Heights apartment. The dogs, under the control of Marjorie Knoller, were later found to be owned by 2 Aryan Brotherhood prison gang members and kept by attorneys Robert Noel (59) and Marjorie Knoller (45). A few days later Noel and Knoller adopted Paul Schneider (38) in SF family court. Bane, one of the Presa Canario dogs, was destroyed following the attack on Whipple. Hera, the 2nd dog, was impounded. Knoller and Noel were indicted for murder and manslaughter on Mar 27. Hera was put to death Jan 30, 2001. Knoller was paroled Jan 1, 2004. In 2005 a state appeals court reinstated a murder conviction against Marjorie Knoller. Knoller was again jailed in 2008 after a judge reinstated her murder conviction. On Sep 22 Knoller was sentenced to 15 years to life in prison.
    (SSFC, 1/28/01, p.A1)(SFC, 1/30/01, p.A1)(SFC, 1/31/01, p.A1)(SFC, 2/1/01, p.A11)(SFC, 3/28/01, p.A1)(SFC, 1/31/02, p.A13)(SFC, 1/1/04, p.A19)(SFC, 5/6/05, p.B1)(SFC, 8/23/08, p.B1)(AP, 9/22/08)
2001        Jan 26, In Illinois a Salvation Army van collided with a truck and 10 people were killed on I 55 near Joliet.
    (SFC, 1/27/01, p.A3)
2001        Jan 26, Dr. Charles Merieux, virologist and founder of the Merieux Laboratory, died at age 94 in Lyon, France. He helped produce the Salk vaccine cultivated in minced monkey kidney tissue. He also produced a vaccine against a meningitis strain that killed 4,000 people in Brazil in 1974.
    (SFC, 1/27/01, p.A24)
2001        Jan 26, Joseph Kabila was sworn in as Congo's president, following the assassination of his father, Laurent Kabila.
    (AP, 1/26/02)
2001        Jan 26, In Germany the lower house passed an overhaul of the national pension system.
    (SFC, 1/27/01, p.C16)
2001        Jan 26, A 7.9 (7.7) earthquake hit India and Pakistan as India prepared to celebrate Republic Day. It was an intraplate earthquake along a thrust fault 300 miles south of the boundary between the Indo-Australian and Eurasian Plates. Some 20,000-50,000 people were killed and over 14,000 injured across Gujarat state. 10 people were reported killed in Pakistan. The quake caused an underground river, either the Saraswati or Indus, to reappear that had disappeared in a 19th century quake. [see Jan 31]
    (SFC, 1/26/01, p.A16)(SFC, 1/27/01, p.A1)(WSJ, 1/29/01, p.A1)(SFC, 2/17/01, p.D8)(WSJ, 1/2/02, p.R12)
2001        Jan 26, Benjamin Hermansen (15), a black teenager, was stabbed to death in Holmlia near Oslo, Norway. 5 Neo-Nazi Bootboys were soon arrested. In 2002 Joe Erling Jahr (20) was sentenced to 16 years in prison and Ole Nicolai Kvisler (22) was sentenced to 15 years. Veronica Andreasen (18) received 3 years as an accomplice.
    (SFC, 1/30/01, p.A11)(SFC, 1/18/02, p.A6)
2001        Jan 26, In the Philippines Pres. Arroyo forced her Cabinet ministers to sign an 8-point "covenant" that included pledges to show "respect for others," live a simple lifestyle and focus on the poor.
    (SFC, 1/27/01, p.A14)
2001        Jan 26, The 198-foot vessel Pamyat Merkuriya sank in the Black Sea and at least 14 people were killed. The ship was enroute to Yevpatoria, Ukraine, from Istanbul.
    (SFC, 1/30/01, p.A11)
2001        Jan 26, A UN panel criticized Saudi Arabia for discriminating against women, harassing minors and for punishments that included flogging and stoning.
    (SFC, 1/27/01, p.C16)

2001        Jan 27, Jennifer Capriati upset three-time winner Martina Hingis 6-4, 6-3 to win the Australian Open title and her first Grand Slam tournament championship.
    (AP, 1/27/02)
2001        Jan 27, Lynn Swann and Ron Yary were both elected to the Pro Football Hall of Fame on in their 14th year of eligibility.
    (AP, 1/27/02)
2001        Jan 27, Bill Gates pledged $100 million for an AIDS vaccine.
    (SSFC, 1/28/01, p.A18)
2001        Jan 27, In New Hampshire 2 Dartmouth professors, Half and Susanne Zantop, were found slain. James Parker 16) and Robert Tulloch (17), suspects in the murder, were arrested in Indiana Feb 19. Parker pleaded guilty in 2001 and agreed to testify against Tulloch. Parker pleaded guilty to being an accomplice to second-degree murder and is serving a sentence of 25 years to life. Tuloch pleaded guilty in 2002 to murder and conspiracy and is serving a sentence of life without parole.
    (SFC, 2/20/01, p.A1)(SFC, 12/8/01, p.A7)(SFC, 4/2/02, p.A4)(AP, 1/27/06)
2001        Jan 27, A small plane crashed south of Denver and 10 people were killed including passengers associated with the Oklahoma State Univ. basketball team.
    (SSFC, 1/28/01, p.A13)(AP, 1/27/02)
2001        Jan 27, In Switzerland riot police prevented some 1,000 protestors from reaching the World Economic Forum at Davos.
    (SFC, 1/29/01, p.A14)
2001        Jan 27, The Iran Republic news Agency reported that 3 intelligence agents were sentenced to death and 12 others to life in prison for their roles in murdering dissident writers and intellectuals.
    (SSFC, 1/28/01, p.A22)
2001        Jan 27, Israel and Palestine ended 6 days of talks in Egypt. They failed to reach a peace accord but declared that they were never closer.
    (SSFC, 1/28/01, p.A18)

2001        Jan 28, Super Bowl XXXV was played in Tampa. The Baltimore Ravens defeated the New York Giants 34-7.
    (SSFC, 12/24/00, p.T8)
2001        Jan 28, Marc Rich, fugitive financier pardoned by outgoing Pres. Clinton, said he would return to the US to face tax evasion charges.
    (SSFC, 12/30/01, p.D2)
2001        Jan 28, In Algeria an armed group killed 2 dozen people in Oued Fares in the Chlef region. 16 of the dead were children.
    (SFC, 1/29/01, p.A14)
2001        Jan 28, In Colombia gunmen killed at least 10 people in Hato Nuevo.
    (SFC, 1/29/01, p.A14)
2001        Jan 28, In Israel state workers under the Histadrut labor federation expanded their strike with a walkout by workers at Ben-Gurion airport over pay demands.
    (SFC, 1/29/01, p.A12)
2001        Jan 28, In Karachi, Pakistan, masked gunmen ambushed a religious school’s van and killed 5 Sunni Muslims.
    (SFC, 1/29/01, p.A14)
2001        Jan 28, In Peshawar, Pakistan, an angry mob torched the English language newspaper, the Frontier Post. It had just published a letter to the editor titled "Why Muslims hate Jews."
    (LSA, Fall/03, p.38)
2001        Jan 28, Only a week after naming a record-setting 37 new cardinals, Pope John Paul II named 5 new cardinals, two Germans, and one each from South Africa, Bolivia and Ukraine. He also revealed the identities of 2 others from the former Soviet Union.
    (SFC, 1/29/01, p.A14)(AP, 1/28/02)
2001        Jan 28, Weekend clashes in Zanzibar (Tanzania) killed 39 opposition supporters as protesters demanded new elections.
    (WSJ, 1/29/01, p.A1)(Econ, 12/13/03, p.43)

2001        Jan 29, President Bush promised to "act boldly and swiftly" to address the nation's energy problems, and directed Vice President Dick Cheney to head a task force to develop an energy strategy.
    (AP, 1/29/02)
2001        Jan 29, Pres. Bush signed an executive order creating a new white House Office of Faith-based and Community Initiatives.
    (SFC, 1/30/01, p.A1)
2001        Jan 29, DaimlerChrysler announced it was eliminating 26,000 jobs at its money-losing Chrysler division.
    (AP, 1/29/02)
2001        Jan 29, Al DeGuzman (19) was arrested in San Jose, Ca., after a photo lab clerk reported pictures of him in front of an arsenal of weapons. A 158-page diary was found labeled "Plan X2" for a Jan 30 attack at De Anza College in Cupertino. DeGuzman was found guilty in 2002 of 108 felony accounts. He was sentenced to 7 years in prison.
    (SFC, 4/27/02, p.A1)(SFC, 10/2/02, p.A17)
2001        Jan 29, At least 110 Afghan refugees froze to death in camps near Herat.
    (WSJ, 2/1/01, p.A1)(SFC, 2/2/01, p.D4)
2001        Jan 29, In Chile Judge Guzman reinstated his case against Gen. Pinochet.
    (SFC, 1/30/01, p.A10)
2001        Jan 29, In Indonesia some 10,000 protesters marched in Jakarta over corruption scandals that allegedly involved Pres. Wahid.
    (SFC, 1/30/01, p.A10)
2001        Jan 29, An Israeli motorist was killed in the West Bank as Yasser Arafat reversed earlier rhetoric and sent a message for peace.
    (SFC, 1/30/01, p.A11)
2001        Jan 29, Demonstrators in Turin clashed with police following an agreement between France and Italy to establish a high-speed rail line between Turin and Lyon.
    (SFC, 1/30/01, p.A12)
2001        Jan 29, Serb thrown hand grenades hit an ethnic Albanian home in Kosovo. 1 person was killed, 2 injured and NATO peacekeepers broke up an ensuing riot.
    (SFC, 1/30/01, p.A11)
2001        Jan 29, Tanzanian police regained control in Zanzibar following weekend street battles that left 40 people dead.
    (WSJ, 1/30/01, p.A1)

2001        Jan 30, Republicans pushed John Ashcroft's attorney general nomination to the Senate floor by a narrow 10-8 Judiciary Committee vote; all but one Democrat voted against him.
    (AP, 1/30/02)
2001        Jan 30, Chrysler announced production cuts of 15% and work force cuts to 20% in the biggest US auto industry retrenchment in nearly a decade.
    (WSJ, 1/2/02, p.R12)
2001        Jan 30, In France thousands of teachers, hospital workers and police marched to demand pay increases. Some 17,000 marched in Paris.
    (SFC, 1/31/01, p.A12)
2001        Jan 30, In the Netherlands a Scottish court convicted Abdel Basset Ali al-Megrahi, a Libyan intelligence officer, of murder in the 1998 bombing of Pan Am Flight 103. A 2nd Libyan, Lamen Khalifa Fhimah, was acquitted.
    (SFC, 1/31/01, p.A11)(SFC, 2/1/01, p.A1)
2001        Jan 30, In Turkey Mehmet Fevzi Sihanlioglu (55), member of parliament, was beaten by fellow lawmakers in the Grand National Assembly and died of a heart attack. The attack followed a debate on whether time for speeches should be extended.
    (SFC, 2/14/01, p.D18)

2001        Jan 31, The US Federal Reserve cut interest rates .5% to 5.5%.
    (SFC, 2/1/01, p.A1)
2001        Jan 31, The state of Georgia hoisted its new flag above its statehouse, one featuring a smaller Confederate battle emblem.
    (AP, 1/31/02)
2001        Jan 31, Gordon Dickson, Science-fiction author of over 80 books, died at age 77 in Richfield, Minn. His "Lost Dorsai" series spanned from 1400-2400AD.
    (SFC, 2/3/01, p.A16)
2001        Jan 31, Michel Navratil, one of the last known survivors of the sinking of the Titanic, died in Montpellier, France, at age 92.
    (AP, 1/31/02)
2001        Jan 31, Germany announced plans to destroy 400,000 cattle due to the mad cow crises.
    (SFC, 2/2/01, p.D4)
2001        Jan 31, In India the death count from the Jan 26 earthquake reached 12,000 and an additional 13,000 were believed still buried.
    (SFC, 2/1/01, p.A9)
2001        Jan 31, In the Netherlands a Scottish court sentenced Abdel Basset Ali al-Megrahi, a Libyan intelligence officer, to life in a Scottish prison for the 1998 bombing of Pan Am Flight 103. A second Libyan was acquitted.
    (SFC, 1/31/01, p.A11)(SFC, 2/1/01, p.A1)(WSJ, 2/1/01, p.A1)(AP, 12/19/03)

2001        Jan, Christie’s sold a miniature portrait of George Washington to an anonymous bidder for $1.2 million. The oval portrait, painted by John Ramage, also contained plaited strands of Washington’s hair inside its case.
    (HNQ, 5/4/01)
2001        Jan, Abdulaziz al-Kohaji, engineering student and son of a Saudi oilman, went missing from the Community College of Denver. His body was found in a landfill in Erie, 15 miles north of Denver, a month later and police said he had been taped to a chair and strangled before being thrown into a trash bin. Mishal al-Suwaidi, Tariq al-Dossary and al-Yousif, suspects in the murder, were acquaintances of al-Kohaji and prosecutors said the motive was robbery. Suwaidi and Dossary fled to Saudi Arabia. Yousif was convicted in the US and sentenced to life. In 2004 the family of Kohaji pardoned the Suwaidi and Dossary and save them from execution.
    (AP, 1/2/05)
2001        Jan, In Bangladesh journalist Tipu Sultan was attacked by a crowd of bodyguards of an MP, whom he had reported as linked to crime and corruption. Sultan was left for dead and spent months recovering outside the country.
    (Reuters, 11/24/05)
2001        Jan, In Brazil Gol Airlines was launched by the Constantino family, which ran a fleet of buses. Employee owned Varig had 40% of the market, but was crumbling under competition from TAM. Varig went into bankruptcy in 2005.
    (Econ, 4/28/07, p.76)
2001        Jan, Italy and the US signed a treaty that requires objects dating between 900 BC and 400 AD be accompanied by Italian government certification before leaving the country.
    (WSJ, 2/6/01, p.A16)

2001        Feb 1, John Ashcroft won confirmation as attorney general on a 58-42 Senate vote, completing President George W. Bush's Cabinet over strong Democratic opposition.
    (AP, 2/1/02)
2001        Feb 1, California state lawmakers enacted legislation to spend up to $10 billion for power. Gov. Davis ordered large retail outlets to dim lights with penalties beginning Mar 15.
    (SFC, 2/2/01, p.A1)
2001        Feb 1, In Michigan Tony and Linda Calliea claimed their Big Game lottery win for $107 million. They selected a $57.7 lump sum option.
    (SFC, 2/2/01, p.A2)
2001        Feb 1, In Ecuador Ronald Clay Sander (54), an oil technician from Missouri, was found shot to death. He had been kidnapped in October and 7 more hostages were still held.
    (SFC, 2/2/01, p.D2)
2001        Feb 1, The India earthquake death toll estimates rose to between 35-50 thousand with injuries to over 60,000. the damages in Gujarat state were estimated at $4.5 billion.
    (WSJ, 2/2/01, p.A1)(SSFC, 2/4/01, p.A14)
2001        Feb 1, In Indonesia the parliament agreed to censure Pres. Abdurrahman Wahid for alleged involvement in 2 corruption scandals.
    (SFC, 2/2/01, p.A1)
2001        Feb 1, In East Timor the former guerrilla force was transformed into the core of a new national army.
    (SFC, 2/2/01, p.D4)
2001        Feb 1, Pres. Milo Djukanovic of Montenegro visited Washington DC to explain his reasons for independence, but Sec. Of State Colin Powell refused to see him.
    (SFC, 2/2/01, p.D4)
2001        Feb 1, In Taiwan the legislature voted to reverse Pres. Shui-bian’s decision to scrap a partly built nuclear power plant.
    (SFC, 2/2/01, p.D4)

2001        Feb 2, Former President Clinton and Sen. Hillary Rodham Clinton said they would pay for $86,000 worth of White House gifts they'd chosen to keep.
    (AP, 2/2/02)
2001        Feb 2, Mexico agreed to sell a small amount of power to California. The Bush administration refused to impose energy price caps despite pleas by Western governors.
    (SFC, 2/3/01, p.A3,8)
2001        Feb 2, Congo’s Pres. Joseph Kabila called for the armies of Rwanda, Uganda and Burundi to withdraw and promised that troops from Angola, Namibia and Zimbabwe would leave after stability was restored.
    (SFC, 2/3/01, p.A8)
2001        Feb 2, Hutu militiamen backing Joseph Kabila ambushed a bus in rebel-controlled eastern Congo and killed 11 passengers.
    (SFC, 2/6/01, p.A10)
2001        Feb 2, Alfred Sirven, former 2nd in command of Elf Aquitaine, was arrested in Manila following 4 years on the lam. He was involved in a multimillion-dollar corruption case against Roland Dumas, a former French foreign minister.
    (SFC, 2/3/01, p.A10)

2001        Feb 3, The 8-member XFL football league, created by WWF guru Vince McMahon, made its debut on NBC. The Las Vegas Outlaws beat the New York-New Jersey Hitmen 19-0 in Las Vegas, and the Orlando Rage beat the Chicago Enforcers 33-29 in Florida. The XFL folded after just one season.
    (SSFC, 2/4/01, p.A1)(AP, 2/3/02)
2001        Feb 3, Terry McAuliffe was elected chairman of the Democratic National Committee.
    (AP, 2/3/02)
2001        Feb 3, Benjamin Varner, a freshman at Gallaudet Univ. in Washington DC, was found dead with his throat slashed and face mutilated. Police later arrested Joseph Mesa Jr. (20), a freshman student from Guam, for the murder of Varner and Eric Plunkett in Sep, 2000. [see Sep 28, 2000]
    (SSFC, 2/4/01, p.A10)(SFC, 2/6/01, p.A6)(SFC, 2/14/01, p.A7)
2001        Feb 3, Mexico followed Canada and the US in a ban on beef from Brazil due to fears of mad cow disease.
    (WSJ, 2/5/01, p.A17)

2001        Feb 4, In the NHL All-Star game, the North America team beat the World squad 14-to-12. In the Pro Bowl, the AFC defeated the NFC, 38-to-17.
    (AP, 2/4/02)
2001        Feb 4, Phillips Petroleum and Tosco boards approved a Phillips acquisition valued at $7 billion.
    (SFC, 2/5/01, p.A1)
2001        Feb 4, In France Iannis Xenakis, composer and mathematician, died at age 78. He is credited with having invented "stochastic music" based on mathematical probability systems. His work included the percussion ensemble piece: "The Pleiades."
    (SFC, 2/5/01, p.A21)
2001        Feb 4, In Russia Dr. Kenneth Gluck, a member of Doctors Without Borders, turned up in good health after being kidnapped in Chechnya 27 days earlier.
    (SFC, 2/5/01, p.A9)
2001        Feb 4, In Spain a crowd of 10-40 thousand marched in Barcelona to protest a tough new against illegal immigrants.
    (SFC, 2/5/01, p.A8)

2001        Feb 5, Flanked by a jumbo refund-check stage prop, President George W. Bush asked Americans to get behind his proposed tax cuts.
    (AP, 2/5/02)
2001        Feb 5, Pres. Bush met with Canadian PM Jean Chretien at the White House for a get-acquainted session.
    (SFC, 2/6/01, p.A8)
2001        Feb 5, Four disciples of Osama bin Laden went on trial in New York in the 1998 bombings of two U.S. embassies in Africa. The four were convicted and sentenced to life in prison without parole.
    (AP, 2/5/02)
2001        Feb 5, California clinched deals for long term power contracts at $60-65 per megawatt hour as federal assistance ended.
    (SFC, 2/6/01, p.A1)
2001        Feb 5, Engineering students from the Univ. of British Columbia dangled the body of an old VW from a railing of the Golden Gate Bridge. It hung for 4 hours before officials cut and let it fall into the water.
    (SFC, 2/6/01, p.A1)
2001        Feb 5, In Illinois William D. Baker (66), shot and killed 4 employees at the Navistar factory in Melrose Park and then shot and killed himself. He was about to begin serving a 5-month sentence for conspiring to steal engines and parts.
    (SFC, 2/6/01, p.A3)
2001        Feb 5, In Ecuador soldiers battled Indians opposed to fuel and public transportation increases. The Red Cross said 4 Indians died.
    (WSJ, 2/6/01, p.A1)
2001        Feb 5, In Indonesia supporters of Pres. Wahid demonstrated in East Java, home of the Nahdlatul Ulama, Indonesia’s largest Muslim organization. Some 10,000 set fires to branch offices of the Golkar Party in Situbondo and another 10,000 marched in Surabaya.
    (SFC, 2/6/01, p.A9)
2001        Feb 5, It was reported that severe cold and snowstorms in Mongolia threatened to wipe out a 5th of the nation’s livestock and threatened tens of thousands of herders with starvation.
    (SFC, 2/5/01, p.A10)
2001        Feb 5, In Russia Pres. Putin dismissed Alexander Gavrin, the energy minister, and ousted Yevgeny Nazdratenko, governor of the Primorye region due to an energy crises that has left thousands without heat.
    (SFC, 2/6/01, p.A9)
2001        Feb 5, In Russia a bomb went off in a Moscow subway station and at least 9 people were injured.
    (SFC, 2/6/01, p.A10)

2001        Feb 6, A trade tribunal ordered the US to allow Mexican trucks to cross the border following a NAFTA arbitration process.
    (SFC, 2/7/01, p.A3)
2001        Feb 6, Genset released early test results that showed weight loss in mice injected with famoxin.
    (WSJ, 2/6/01, p.A1)
2001        Feb 6, Former Vice Pres. Al Gore taught his 1st class "The Media and Public Policy in the Information Age" at Columbia Univ.
    (SFC, 2/7/01, p.A3)
2001        Feb 6, Sunbeam, a consumer appliance manufacturer, filed for bankruptcy and rendered worthless a large stake held by financier Ronald Perelman.
    (WSJ, 6/7/02, p.A6)(http://money.cnn.com/2001/02/06/news/sunbeam)
2001        Feb 6, Gus Boulis (51), founder of the Miami Subs restaurant chain and SunCruz gambling cruises, was shot and killed in Fort Lauderdale. In 2006 it was reported that Boulis was killed by John Gurino, a man with mob connections, who was himself killed by a business partner in 2003.
    (SFC, 2/8/01, p.A4)(SFC, 6/10/06, p.A9)
2001        Feb 6, In Colombia gunmen killed 14 people in a northern battle zone.
    (WSJ, 2/7/01, p.A1)
2001        Feb 6, Ethiopia and Eritrea agreed to set up a 16-mile wide UN-patrolled security zone effective Feb 12.
    (SFC, 2/7/01, p.A14)
2001        Feb 6, In Haiti the 15-party opposition alliance Convergence named Gerard Gourgue as the country’s provisional president.
    (SFC, 2/7/01, p.A12)
2001        Feb 6, In India the Cipla Ltd. Corp. of Bombay offered to supply triple-therapy anti-AIDS cocktails to Doctors Without Borders in Africa for $350 per year per patient.
    (SFC, 2/7/01, p.A12)
2001        Feb 6, In Israel Ariel Sharon won the elections over Ehud Barak 62.6 to 37.2% with a record low turnout of 62%.
    (SFC, 2/7/01, p.A1)(WSJ, 2/7/01, p.A1)
2001        Feb 6, In the Philippines Pres. Arroyo named Sen. Teofisto Guingona as her vice president. Former pres. Estrada filed a suit disputing the legal basis for Arroyo’s presidency.
    (SFC, 2/7/01, p.A12)
2001        Feb 6, In Serbia ethnic Albanian rebels fired mortar from Kosovo shells against government positions in Serbia.
    (SFC, 2/7/01, p.A14)
2001        Feb 6, It was reported that Thailand planned to open a chain of over 3,000 Thai restaurants world-wide over the next 5 years with 1,000 slated for the US. The fast-food branches would be named Elephant Jump, Cool Basil for the mid-priced, and Golden Leaf for the upscale eateries.
    (WSJ, 2/6/01, p.B1)
2001        Feb 6, In Ukraine up to 5,000 protesters marched in Kiev and demanded the resignation of Pres. Kuchma. Kuchma’s voice on recent private recordings included an order for a journalist’s abduction and threats to a judge.
    (SFC, 2/7/01, p.A14)

2001        Feb 7, The Senate voted to release $582 million in dues owed the United Nations.
    (AP, 2/7/02)
2001        Feb 7, The space shuttle Atlantis took off with the Destiny module, a laboratory compartment, for the Int’l. Space Station.
    (SFC, 2/8/01, p.A3)
2001        Feb 7, In Washington Robert Pickett (47), an accountant with a history of mental illness, was shot in the leg by a Secret Service agent after brandishing a hand gun outside the White House gates.
    (SFC, 2/8/01, p.A1)
2001        Feb 7, Dale Evans (born in 1912 as Frances Octavia Smith), singer and wife of Roy Rogers, died at age 88. Her compositions included "Happy Trails" and "The Bible Tells Me So."
    (SFC, 2/8/01, p.C2)(NW, 12/31/01, p.110)
2001        Feb 7, Anne Morrow Lindbergh (b.1906), wife of Charles Lindbergh, died at age 94. In 1955 she authored "Gift From the Sea," a meditation on women’s lives in the 20th century. In 1999 Susan Hertog authored her biography "Anne Morrow Lindbergh."
    (WSJ, 11/29/99, p.A26)(SFC, 2/8/01, p.C2)(NW, 12/31/01, p.108)
2001        Feb 7, Pres. Aristide took power in Haiti for a 2nd term and offered a series of national reforms with plans for new schools, roads, electricity systems and an independent court in each of the country’s 565 townships.
    (SFC, 2/8/01, p.C3)(AP, 2/11/04)
2001        Feb 7, In Israel Ariel Sharon signaled an end to the peace process begun in 1993 in Oslo and planned something in the spirit of Oslo on an interim level.
    (SFC, 2/8/01, p.A12)

2001        Feb 8, President Bush sent his proposed $1.6 trillion, 10-year tax cut plan to Congress.
    (SFC, 2/9/01, p.A1)(AP, 2/8/02)
2001        Feb 8, A House committee opened hearings into former President Clinton's last-minute pardon of fugitive financier Marc Rich, with former prosecutors complaining that they hadn't been consulted before the pardon was granted.
    (AP, 2/8/02)
2001        Feb 8, The new Disney theme park "Disney’s California Adventure" opened in Anaheim.
    (WSJ, 1/22/01, p.B1)(SFC, 2/8/01, p.A1)
2001        Feb 8, In China the cabinet approved a 700-mile rail line to link Lhasa, Tibet, and Qinghai province.
    (WSJ, 2/9/01, p.A1)
2001        Feb 8, In Colombia Pres. Pastrana met with FARC leader Manuel Marulanda at Los Pozos.
    (SFC, 2/9/01, p.A16)
2001        Feb 8, In Germany ex-Chancellor Kohl agreed to pay a fine to close a slush fund investigation.
    (WSJ, 2/9/01, p.A1)
2001        Feb 8, In Israel 2 blasts from an explosives rigged car injured one woman in Jerusalem. Ehud Barak announced that he would take over Labor Party negotiations to join the Sharon government.
    (SFC, 2/9/01, p.A16)
2001        Feb 8, In Russia the lower house voted to reduce advertising interruptions for TV movies.
    (SSFC, 2/11/01, p.C1)

2001        Feb 9, The US nuclear submarine Greeneville struck the Japanese fishing boat, Ehime Maru, near Oahu with 35 people on board including 13 students. The boat sank in 5 minutes and 9 men and boys were killed. The sub was practicing a rapid ascent and had 15 civilian guests onboard. It was later revealed that civilian visitors sat at 2 of the subs 3 main controls when it surfaced. Capt. Scott Waddle, the sub skipper, was relieved of duty pending investigation. Sonar contact with the fishing vessel had been established over an hour before the accident. Capt. Waddle was later reprimanded and submitted his resignation.
    (SFC, 2/10/01, p.A1)(SSFC, 2/11/01, p.A3)(SFC, 2/13/01, p.A3)(SFC, 2/14/01, p.A2)(SFC, 2/15/01, p.A3)(SFC, 2/21/01, p.A2)(SFC, 3/15/01, p.A3)(WSJ, 4/24/01, p.A1)(AP, 2/9/08)
2001        Feb 9, In Colombia Pres. Pastrana and FARC commander Marulanda agreed to resume peace negotiations.
    (SFC, 2/10/01, p.A10)
2001        Feb 9, In Israel Prime Minister Ariel Sharon asked Ehud Barak to serve as defense minister. A Palestinian shepherd was killed by an Israeli bullet.
    (SFC, 2/10/01, p.A10)(SSFC, 2/11/01, p.C5)
2001        Feb 9, In Mexico Pres. Fox inaugurated a $50 million aid plan for Chiapas. Yucatan’s PRI Gov. Victor Cervera refused to accept a state electoral commission.
    (SFC, 2/10/01, p.A10)(WSJ, 2/12/01, p.A18)

2001        Feb 10, The space shuttle Atlantis' astronauts installed the $1.4 billion Destiny laboratory on the international space station.
    (AP, 2/10/02)
2001        Feb 10, Former New York City Mayor Abraham D. Beame died at age 94.
    (AP, 2/10/02)
2001        Feb 10, In Algeria assailants killed at least 27 people near Berrouaghia. Half of the dead were children.
    (SFC, 2/12/01, p.B2)
2001        Feb 10, Israel said it would not cooperate with the newly arrived UN human rights mission for a fact-finding tour of Palestinian areas.
    (SSFC, 2/11/01, p.C1)

2001        Feb 11, The East NBA All-Stars defeated the West squad, 111-to-110.
    (AP, 2/11/02)
2001        Feb 11, Ann Bancroft and Liv Arnesen became the 1st women to cross the Antarctic land mass on skis.
    (SFC, 2/13/01, p.D3)
2001        Feb 11, Three Rivers Stadium in Pittsburgh was demolished to clear the way for new separate baseball and football stadiums nearby.
    (AP, 2/11/02)
2001        Feb 11, It was reported that scientists had found the human genome to consist of 30,000 genes and that only some 300 were unique to humans as when compared to mice.
    (SSFC, 2/11/01, p.A1)
2001        Feb 11, Two space commanders opened the door to Destiny, the American-made science laboratory attached the day before to the international space station.
    (AP, 2/11/02)
2001        Feb 11, Gao Zhan, a US-based scholar, was detained at Beijing airport by Chinese authorities. She was formally charged as a spy on April 3. [see Mar 27]
    (WSJ, 3/28/01, p.A1)(SFC, 4/4/01, p.D14)
2001        Feb 11, In Colombia 9 young hikers, 6 men and 3 women, were found killed execution style in southwest Purace National Park. FARC later admitted to killing the 8 hikers.
    (SFC, 2/15/01, p.A12)(WSJ, 3/19/01, p.A1)
2001        Feb 11, In Croatia some 100,000 protested the investigation of former general Mirko Norac for war crimes in 1991.
    (SFC, 2/12/01, p.B2)
2001        Feb 11, In El Salvador armed men attacked a bus carrying a local soccer team near Zacatecoluca. The coach was killed and 3 others injured.
    (SFC, 2/13/01, p.D3)
2001        Feb 11, In Thailand troops fought a gun battle with some 200 Burmese soldiers who crossed the border chasing Shan rebels.
    (SFC, 2/12/01, p.B2)
2001        Feb 11, In Ukraine some 5-10 thousand protesters called for the resignation of Pres. Kuchma. Kuchma fired 2 top security officials amid the growing scandal of a journalist killed while investigating graft.
    (SFC, 2/12/01, p.B1)(WSJ, 2/12/01, p.A1)

2001        Feb 12, A federal appeals court upheld a decision against Napster and ruled that the online music service violated copyright laws.
    (SFC, 2/13/01, p.A1)(AP, 2/12/02)
2001        Feb 12, A computer virus pretending to be a digital photo of tennis star Anna Kournikova overwhelmed e-mail servers in Europe and North America.
    (AP, 2/12/02)
2001        Feb 12, Scientists published their first examinations of nearly all the human genetic code.
    (AP, 2/12/02)   
2001        Feb 12, The $224 million NEAR-Shoemaker probe was scheduled to end its mission with a landing on the Eros asteroid. The probe completed a 5 year voyage with a successful landing and continued sending signals.
    (SFC, 1/9/01, p.A4)(SFC, 2/13/01, p.A1)
2001        Feb 12, Israeli soldiers shot and killed 2 Palestinians in the West Bank and dozens of Palestinians were wounded in a gun battle in the Gaza Strip.
    (SFC, 2/13/01, p.A10)
2001        Feb 12, It was reported that Thailand’s bad loans mounted to 20 billion and accounted for 20% of all bank lending. Thai Petrochemical Industries (TPI) was the largest debtor and owed banks over $3.5 billion.
    (WSJ, 2/12/01, p.A1)
2001        Feb 12, Ukraine’s Pres. Kuchma and Pres. Putin met at the Yuzmash rocket plant and agreed to reconnect their countries’ electricity grids and made 14 other agreements securing Russian orders from Ukrainian factories.
    (SFC, 2/13/01, p.A10)

2001        Feb 13, Ivan Lendl was elected to the tennis Hall of Fame along with Mervyn Rose, an Australian star from the 1950's.
    (AP, 2/13/02)
2001        Feb 13, Pres. Bush nominated Gov. Paul Cellucci as ambassador to Canada and cleared the way for Jane Swift to become 1st female governor of Massachusetts.
    (SFC, 2/14/01, p.A7)
2001        Feb 13, US Treasury Sec. Paul O’Neill urged Congress to accelerate plans for an across-the-board tax cut and a doubling of the child credit.
    (SFC, 2/14/01, p.A3)
2001        Feb 13, In Hawaii 2 Army Blackhawk helicopters crashed and 6 soldiers were killed.
    (SFC, 2/14/01, p.A6)
2001        cFeb 13, Canadian police arrested at least 2 people in the Toronto area in a scheme to distribute $25 billion in counterfeit US bearer bonds.
    (WSJ, 1/2/02, p.R12)
2001        Feb 13, In El Salvador a 6.6 earthquake killed at least 127 people. It was centered between San Vicente and San Salvador. The death toll soon rose to 402 with 2432 injured. It struck one month to the day after another quake killed more than 800 people.
    (SFC, 2/14/01, p.A1)(SFC, 2/15/01, p.A12)(AP, 2/13/02)
2001        Feb 13, Israeli gunships killed Massoud Ayyad (57), a Palestinian security official, with anti-tank missiles fired at his car in Gaza.
    (SFC, 2/14/01, p.A14)
2001        Feb 13, Yulia Tymoshenko, Ukraine’s former Deputy Prime Minister and a principal opponent to Pres. Kuchma, was arrested on charges dating back to 1996 when she was head of United Energy Systems. Ms. Tymoshenko made her fortune in murky gas trades between Russia and the Ukraine in the early 1990s.
    (SFC, 2/14/01, p.A14)(Econ, 10/6/07, p.59)

2001        Feb 14, The Kansas Board of Education approved new science standards restoring evolution to the state's curriculum.
    (AP, 2/14/02)
2001        Feb 14, In Afghanistan the Taliban confirmed that opposition troops had captured Bamiyan.
    (SFC, 2/15/01, p.A16)
2001        Feb 14, Khalil Abu Olbeh (35), a Palestinian bus driver, drove his bus into a group of Israelis in Tel Aviv and killed 8 people. The dead included 3 male and 4 female soldiers and 1 civilian woman. Olbeh, was later sentenced to eight life terms.
    (SFC, 2/14/01, p.A14)(SFC, 2/15/01, p.A12)(AP, 2/14/02)
2001        Feb 14, In Chechnya rebels opened fire on Russian positions and 12 Russian soldiers were killed.
    (SFC, 2/15/01, p.A16)

2001        Feb 15, President Bush said the Pentagon should review its policy on civilian participation in military exercises like the emergency ascent drill a Navy submarine was performing when it sank a Japanese fishing vessel off Hawaii.
    (AP, 2/15/02)
2001        Feb 15, A UN team confirmed that the Taliban had nearly wiped out opium production in Afghanistan.
    (SFC, 2/16/01, p.A17)
2001        Feb 15, In Congo the warring parties met and Joseph Kabila agreed to initiate talks with rebel groups. The rebel Movement for the Liberation of Congo agreed to endorse a details withdrawal plan.
    (SFC, 2/16/01, p.A16)
2001        Feb 15, Hans-Joachim Klein, a former German terrorist, was sentenced to nine years in prison by a German court for killing three people in a 1975 attack on an OPEC meeting in Vienna, Austria.
    (AP, 2/15/02)
2001        Feb 15, In Israel Ehud Barak agreed to become the defense minister under Ariel Sharon.
    (SFC, 2/16/01, p.A1)
2001        Feb 15, In Mexico gunmen shot and killed 12 villagers in the village of Limoncito de Ayala in Sinaloa state.
    (SFC, 2/16/01, p.D2)

2001        Feb 16, Pres. Bush on his first foreign trip met with Pres. Fox in Mexico. They announced a joint agenda to expand trade, protect immigrant rights and reduce drug trafficking.
    (SFC, 2/17/01, p.A1)(AP, 2/16/02)
2001        Feb 16, Two dozen US and British aircraft bombed 5 radar and other anti-aircraft sites around Baghdad with guided missiles. A number of new guided bombs, AGM-154A priced from $250-700k, missed their targets.
    (SFC, 2/17/01, p.A1)(AP, 2/16/02)
2001        Feb 16, In California Gov. Davis began negotiations to purchase 32,000 miles of transmission lines from the utilities that would allow them to issue bonds to pay off their debt.
    (SFC, 2/17/01, p.A1)
2001        Feb 16, Dr. William H. Masters (b.1915), leading researcher in human sexuality, died at age 85 in Tucson, Ariz. He and Virginia Johnson (Masters and Johnson) authored the best seller "Human Sexual Response" in 1966.
    (SSFC, 2/18/01, p.A24)(NW, 12/31/01, p.108)
2001        Feb 16, Russia test-fired nuclear-capable missiles from land, sea and air positions.
    (SFC, 2/17/01, p.A12)
2001        Feb 16, In Serbia Kosovo militants killed 9 Serbs and injured 43 with a roadside bomb that blew up a bus in northeastern Kosovo.
    (SFC, 2/17/01, p.A12)(SSFC, 2/18/01, p.D1)

2001        Feb 17, Pres. Bush named John Negroponte (62) as the next US ambassador to the UN.
    (SSFC, 2/18/01, p.D5)
2001        Feb 17, Khalid Abdul Muhammad (born as Harold Moore), national chairman of the New Black Panther Party and former Nation of Islam official, died at age 53 in Marietta, Ga. He was known for his harsh rhetoric about Jews and whites. 
    (SSFC, 2/18/01, p.A2)(AP, 2/17/02)
2001        Feb 17, In El Salvador another earthquake hit San Salvador. The 5.3 quake killed at least 1 person.
    (SSFC, 2/18/01, p.D6)
2001        Feb 17, The Cambodian-registered East Sea freighter with 912 ethnic Kurds ran aground off the French Riviera. The crew of the ship fled following the intentional grounding. Criminal gangs in Turkey and Iraq were reported to be behind the smuggling.
    (SSFC, 2/18/01, p.D1)(SFC, 2/19/01, p.A10)

2001        Feb 18, Robert Philip Hanssen (56), senior FBI agent, was arrested for spying. He had allegedly passed information to the Russians for 15 years. It was believed that he had betrayed the construction of a tunnel under the Soviet Embassy in Washington. He pleaded guilty July 3 to avoid execution. His disclosures were later reported to have played a role in the execution or jailing of at least 3 Russians and threatened the identity of another 50 people. In 2002 David A. Wise authored: "The Bureau and the Mole." Hanssen was sentenced to life in prison on May 10, 2002.
    (SFC, 2/21/01, p.A1)(SSFC, 3/4/01, p.A6)(SFC, 7/4/01, p.A3)(WSJ, 1/8/02, p.A16)(AP, 2/18/02)(SSFC, 4/7/02, p.A14)(SFC, 5/11/02, p.A3)
2001        Feb 18, Balthus (b.1908), painter aka Count Balthazar Klossowski de Rola, died at age 92 in Switzerland. In 2002 His memoir "Vanished Splendors," as told by Alain Vircondolet, was published.
    (SFC, 2/21/01, p.A18)(AP, 2/18/02)(SSFC, 1/12/03, p.M3)
2001        Feb 18, Broadcaster Roger Caras (72) died.
    (AP, 2/18/02)
2001        Feb 18, In Florida Dale Earnhardt (b.1951), race car driver, was killed on his final turn at the NASCAR Daytona 500. Later this year Joe Menzer authored "The Wildest Ride," a history of NASCAR racing.
    (SFC, 2/19/01, p.A1)(WSJ, 7/9/01, p.A26)(NW, 12/31/01, p.109)
2001        Feb 18, Frank B. Gilbreth Jr. (89) co-author  of "Cheaper by the Dozen" died.
    (AP, 2/18/02)
2001        Feb 18, Eddie Mathews (69), baseball Hall of Famer, died.
    (AP, 2/18/02)
2001        Feb 18, In Brazil some 15,000 convicts held uprisings in 29 prisons that left 16 people dead. It was coordinated by Idemir Carlos Ambrosio, leader of the PCC prison-based gang. Ambrosio was killed in prison in July.
    (SFC, 2/19/01, p.A9)(SFC, 5/16/06, p.A7)
2001        Feb 18, In Chechnya rebels blew a Russian troop train of its tracks and 3 people were killed.
    (WSJ, 2/21/01, p.A1)
2001        Feb 18, In Indonesia gunmen shot journalist Oz Rusli Radja and human rights worker Khairuddin to death in Aceh.
    (SFC, 2/20/01, p.A10)
2001        Feb 18, Fresh clashes in Borneo and separatist violence in Aceh erupted. Fighting between the Dayaks and immigrants left over 100 people killed.
    (WSJ, 2/21/01, p.A1)(WSJ, 2/22/00, p.A1)
2001        Feb 18, The Iraqi press referred to Pres. Bush as "son of the snake" and "the new dwarf" following the Feb. 16 bombing attacks.
    (SFC, 2/19/01, p.A9)
2001        Feb 18, In Serbia a suspected mine ripped a police van and 3 Serbian officers were killed just outside Kosovo.
    (SFC, 2/19/01, p.A10)

2001        Feb 19, President George W. Bush opened a museum commemorating the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing.
    (AP, 2/19/02)
2001        Feb 19, Stanley Kramer (b.1913), Hollywood film producer and director, died in Woodland Hills, Ca., at age 87. His work included 35 films.
    (SFC, 2/21/01, p.A18)(AP, 2/19/02)(NW, 12/31/01, p.107)
2001        Feb 19, In Britain an outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease was found in 27 pigs at an slaughterhouse in Essex. The last outbreak was in 1981. The outbreak was 1st identified in pigs at Heddon-on-the-Wall.
    (SFC, 2/21/01, p.A12)(SFC, 3/31/01, p.D8)
2001        Feb 19, In Burma a helicopter crash killed junta Lt. Gen. Tin Oo (67) and left 14 missing.
    (SFC, 2/20/01, p.A10)
2001        Feb 19, In the West Bank Mahmoud Madani (25), a Hamas activist, was shot to death from long range.
    (SFC, 2/20/01, p.A9)
2001        Feb 19, In the Philippines Pres. Arroyo announced a cease-fire with southern separatists. She hoped Mindanao rebels would reciprocate. Separately 10 people drowned and a dozen were missing when their illegal ferry capsized as they tried to reach Malaysia for work.
    (SFC, 2/20/01, p.A9)
2001        Feb 19, In Vietnam a rare earthquake, magnitude 5.3, hit Dien Bien Phu.
    (SFC, 2/21/01, p.A14)

2001        Feb 20, The government announced the arrest two days earlier of veteran FBI agent Robert Philip Hanssen, accused of spying for Russia for more than 15 years.
    (AP, 2/20/02)
2001        Feb 20, Space Shuttle Atlantis landed at Edwards air Force Base following a 13-day mission to the Int’l. Space Station. Three straight days of bad weather prevented the ship from returning to its Florida home port.
    (SFC, 2/21/01, p.A5)(AP, 2/20/02)
2001        Feb 20, In Israel Prime Minister Ehud Barak withdrew from a proposed position as Defense Minister under Ariel Sharon.
    (SFC, 2/21/01, p.A1)
2001        Feb 20, Hassan Turabi, Sudan’s top Islamic theologian and former parliamentary speaker, called for the Sudanese to rise against the government of Omar el-Bashir. He was arrested the next day.
    (SFC, 2/23/01, p.A20)

2001        Feb 21, In the 43rd annual Grammy Awards Steely Dan won Album of the year for "Two Against Nature;" U2 won for Song of the Year for "Beautiful Day;" Sting won best male pop vocal performance for "She Walks This Earth;" and Macy Gray won best female pop vocal performance for "I Try." Rapper Eminem won 3 awards and gave the audience the finger.
    (SFC, 2/21/01, p.A1)(SSFC, 12/30/01, p.D2)
2001        Feb 21, The US Supreme Court ruled 5-4 to protect state governments from federal suits for damages filed by disabled employees under the Americans with Disabilities Act. The court ruled that state workers cannot use federal disability-rights law to win money damages for on-the-job discrimination.
    (SFC, 2/21/01, p.A3)(WSJ, 2/22/01, p.A1)(AP, 2/21/02)
2001        Feb 21, Pope John Paul II installed 44 new cardinals. It was the largest number ever installed at one time.
    (SFC, 2/21/01, p.A13)
2001        Feb 21, In Chechnya some 50 bodies began to be uncovered across from a Russian military base at Zdorovye.
    (SFC, 4/14/01, p.A8)

2001        Feb 22, President Bush held his first full-fledged presidential news conference, in which he defended his tax-cutting and budget-tightening plans and gave FBI director Louis Freeh a vote of confidence following the arrest of veteran agent Robert Hanssen on spying charges.
    (AP, 2/22/02)
2001        Feb 22, The California state PUC voted to absolve PG&E and Southern California Edison of responsibility for costs above the revenue they collect from ratepayers.
    (SFC, 2/23/01, p.A3)
2001        Feb 22, Jose Juarez Rosales (24) was arrested in Dallas for alleged multiple sexual assaults and murders in Ciudad Juarez.
    (SFC, 2/23/01, p.A17)
2001        Feb 22, Ashley Ellerin (22), former girlfriend of actor Ashton Kutcher, was found dead in her Hollywood Hills home. In 2008  police matched DNA linking Michael Gargiulo (32), an air conditioning repairman, to her murder and to another fatal stabbing of a Monterey Park woman in 2005. They also suspect Gargiulo in the 1993 killing of a high school girl in the Chicago suburb of Glenview, where Gargiulo lived at the time. Tricia Pacaccio, a senior at Glenbrook South High School, was found stabbed to death on her front doorstep, clutching her door key.
    (AP, 8/30/08)(www.lapdonline.org/february_2001/news_view/23272)
2001        Feb 22, In Indonesia security forces fought to disperse crowds in Sampit as ethnic clashes in Central Kalimantan province of Borneo left over 100 dead.
    (SFC, 2/23/01, p.A16)
2001        Feb 22, A UN tribunal on Yugoslav War Crimes found 3 Bosnian Serbs guilty of crimes against humanity for the rape, torture and enslavement of Muslim women in Foca between 1992-1993. The landmark case established rape and sexual enslavement as a crime against humanity. They were sentenced to 28, 20 and 12 years, respectively.
    (SFC, 2/23/01, p.A1)(AP, 11/1/07)
2001        Feb 22, India extended a Kashmir cease-fire.
    (WSJ, 2/23/01, p.A1)
2001        Feb 22, Pakistan said it may put nuclear missiles on its submarines. It recently acquired 3 submarines from France.
    (SFC, 2/23/01, p.A20)
2001        Feb 22, In Spain 2 people were killed when suspected Basque separatists bombed a train station in San Sebastian. Separately French police arrested the alleged ETA military chief.
    (WSJ, 2/23/01, p.A1)
2001        Feb 22, In Sri Lanka rebels extended a unilateral cease-fire and said they wanted peace talks.
    (SFC, 2/23/01, p.A20)
2001        Feb 22, A financial crises in Turkey forced the government to let the lira float and it dropped 40% to 960,000 to the US dollar. By the end of the year the economy sank 9.4%.
    (SFC, 2/23/01, p.D4)(WSJ, 2/23/01, p.A11)(WSJ, 4/2/03, p.A14)

2001        Feb 23, Pres. Bush opened a two-day summit with British Prime Minister Tony Blair at Camp David. They endorsed a European rapid-action force as long as it is secondary to NATO.
    (SFC, 2/24/01, p.A3)(AP, 2/23/02)
2001        Feb 23, Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld ordered an indefinite moratorium on civilian visitors operating military equipment, a possible factor in the collision of a U.S. submarine collision with a Japanese fishing boat.
    (AP, 2/23/02)
2001        Feb 23, A US federal appeals court upheld that the US government mismanaged and neglected Native American trust funds.
    (SFC, 2/24/01, p.A5)
2001        Feb 23, David Edward Attias (18), a freshman at UC Santa Barbara, rammed his Saab into a crowd in Isla Vista and killed 4 students, Nicholas Shaw Bourdakis (20), Christopher Edward Divis (20), Ruth Dasha Golda Levy (20) and Elie Israel (27). A 5th victim, Albert Arthur Levy (27), was severely battered. Attias was charged with murder the next day. Attias was convicted on 2nd degree murder in 2002 and jurors found him insane.
    (SFC, 2/26/01, p.A1)(SFC, 2/27/01, p.A13)(SFC, 6/13/02, p.A1)(SFC, 6/21/02, p.A17)
2001        Feb 23, Anthony Giacalone, Detroit mobster, died at age 82.
    (SFC, 5/3/01, p.B7)
2001        Feb 23, In Indonesia Madurese refugees fled Borneo as the death toll from clashes with the native Dayaks approached 200.
    (SFC, 2/24/01, p.A1)
2001        Feb 23, Palestinians demonstrated against the visit of Colin Powell and one was killed in clashes with Israeli security forces.
    (SFC, 2/24/01, p.A10)
2001        Feb 23, In Russia a Moscow court threw out charges by prosecutors who attempted to ban the Jehovah’s Witnesses under a 1997 law that prohibited religious sects that incite hatred and violence.
    (SFC, 2/24/01, p.A11)

2001        Feb 24, US Sec. of State Colin Powell met [in Jerusalem, in Cairo] with Igor Ivanor, the Russian foreign minister, and pledged a constructive approach to dealing with Iraq, missile defenses and other points of policy discord.
    (SSFC, 2/25/01, p.A14)(AP, 2/24/02)
2001        Feb 24, Fugitive financier Marc Rich, whose 11th-hour pardon by former President Clinton caused a wave of controversy, spoke out for the first time, describing the pardon as a "humanitarian act."
    (AP, 2/24/02)
2001        Feb 24, The US Navy and Coast Guard captured 10 men and 8.8 tons of cocaine on a Belize-flagged fishing boat 250 miles west of Acapulco.
    (SFC, 3/5/01, p.A3)
2001        Feb 24, A tornado in Pontotoc County, Mississippi, left 5 people dead.
    (SFC, 2/26/01, p.A3)
2001        Feb 24, Mathematician and computer scientist Claude Shannon, whose theories about binary code became the basis for modern mass communications networks, died in Medford, Mass., at age 84.
    (AP, 2/24/02)
2001        Feb 24, In Borneo naval vessels began evacuating some 24,000 refugees from the island of Medura, where the death toll had risen to 210.
    (SSFC, 2/25/01, p.A14)
2001        Feb 24, It was reported that Japanese physicists created a superconductor using magnesium dibromide at minus 389º F.
    (SFC, 2/24/01, p.A7)
2001        Feb 24, Ugyen Thinley Dorje (15), the 17th Karmapa Lama, led prayers to mark the Tibetan year of the iron snake in northern India.
    (SSFC, 2/25/01, p.A16)
2001        Feb 24, In Mexico Zapatista rebel leader Subcommander Marcos began a 2,000-mile caravan to Mexico City to lobby for Indian rights.
    (SSFC, 2/25/01, p.A14)

2001        Feb 25, The Chinese-language film "Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon" became the most lucrative foreign movie in US history, but tanked in China.
    (SSFC, 12/30/01, p.D2)
2001        Feb 25, US Sec. of State Colin Powell met separately with Ariel Sharon and Yasser Arafat seeking to re-establish Middle East cooperation.
    (SFC, 2/26/01, p.A1)
2001        Feb 25, The commander of the U.S. submarine that struck and sank a Japanese trawler off Hawaii expressed his "most sincere regret." Cmdr. Scott Waddle stopped short of an apology.
    (AP, 2/25/02)
2001        Feb 25, In Indonesia Borneo Dayaks extended their area of burning and beheading of Madurese across Central Kalimantan. 118 Madurese were slaughtered near Parenggean when police bolted in fear of armed Dayaks.
    (SFC, 2/26/01, p.A10)(SFC, 2/28/01, p.A10)
2001        Feb 25, In Northumberland, England, over 800 pigs were destroyed and burned due to foot-and-mouth disease. New cases appeared at a cattle and sheep ranch in the southwest.
    (SFC, 2/26/01, p.A10)
2001        Feb 25, In Moldova Communists made strong gains in parliamentary elections. They won 70% of the seats and would name the next president.
    (WSJ, 2/26/01, p.A1)(WSJ, 2/27/01, p.A1)
2001        Feb 25, Russian military officials promised to investigate a recently discovered grave in Chechnya that contained 11 to several score Chechens with many of the bodies mined. 48 bodies of men, women and children were found with gun shot wounds. They had been dumped over the course of a year.
    (SFC, 2/26/01, p.A10)(SFC, 3/3/01, p.A12)

2001        Feb 26, The US State Dept. issued its annual report on the status of human rights and cited "unconfirmed but credible" reports from China of continued use of torture by police to obtain coerced confessions. The report also faulted both Israel and the Palestinians for the current Middle East bloodshed.
    (SFC, 2/27/01, p.A10)(WSJ, 2/27/01, p.A1)
2001        Feb 26, The UN War Crimes tribunal in the Hague convicted Dario Kordic, a former Bosnian Croat leader, for crimes against humanity in the 1992-1995 Bosnian War. Mario Cerkez (41), a brigade commander of Croatian troops in Bosnia, was also convicted. They had carried out an "ethnic cleansing" campaign in an area they wished to be joined to Croatia.
    (SFC, 2/27/01, p.A12)(WSJ, 2/27/01, p.A1)(AP, 2/26/02)
2001        Feb 26, Taliban leader Mullah Mohammed Omar ordered the destruction of all statues including the Buddha statues carved into the stone cliffs of Bamiyan, Afghanistan. He called on the Ministry for the promotion of Virtue and the Repression of Vice as well as the Ministry of Culture to destroy all pre-Islamic statues and sanctuaries.
    (SFC, 2/27/01, p.A10)(WSJ, 12/20/01, p.A14)
2001        Feb 26, In Britain new cases of hoof-and-mouth disease brought to 12 the number of farms or slaughterhouses infected. The slaughter of pigs, cows and sheep rose to some 7,000.
    (SFC, 2/27/01, p.A1)
2001        Feb 26, In Indonesia Dayak fighters declared victory and end to fighting.
    (SFC, 2/27/01, p.A12)
2001        Feb 26, In Israel the labor party voted reluctantly to join the incoming government of Ariel Sharon.
    (SFC, 2/27/01, p.A10)   
2001        Feb 26, Russia’s Pres. Putin arrived in Seoul for economic talks.
    (SFC, 2/26/01, p.C14)
2001        Feb 26, In Yugoslavia the parliament passed an amnesty law to free several hundred Kosovo Albanians held in Serbian prisons since the 1999 Kosovo war.
    (SFC, 2/27/01, p.A12)

2001        Feb 27, President Bush went before Congress with a $1.9 trillion spending plan that would sharply reduce growth in many government programs while leaving room to give Americans the biggest tax cut in two decades.
    (SFC, 2/28/01, p.A1)(AP, 2/27/02)
2001        Feb 27, The US Supreme Court voted that the nation’s health, and not industry costs, must guide government in fighting air pollution.
    (SFC, 2/28/01, p.A1)
2001        Feb 27, A new US law took effect that granted citizenship to foreign-born children of US citizens.
    (SFC, 2/28/01, p.A3)
2001        Feb 27, In Borneo government soldiers and police clashed with each other. Refugees claimed that security forces have demanded money in exchange for permission to board ships.
    (SFC, 2/28/01, p.A10)
2001        Feb 27, In Mexico some 30 protesters were injured and another 30 arrested near the meeting of the World Economic Forum in Cancun.
    (SFC, 2/28/01, p.A10)
2001        Feb 27, Rwanda began pulling back troops from a front-line Congo town.
    (WSJ, 2/28/01, p.A1)

2001        Feb 28, A 6.8 magnitude slab earthquake shook the Northwest and rocked the cities of Seattle and Portland, Oregon. It was centered 32.6 miles below the surface along the boundary of the Juan de Fuca tectonic plate and the continental North American plate. Damages were later estimated at $1.5-2 billion.
    (SFC, 3/1/01, p.A1)(WSJ, 3/2/01, p.A1)(SFC, 1/5/02, p.A4)(AP, 2/28/02)
2001        Feb 28, In England a train crash in North Yorkshire killed 13 people and injured 70.
    (AP, 2/28/02)(SFC, 3/1/01, p.A8)
2001        Feb 28, China ratified a UN-sponsored human rights treaty but backed away from a guarantee of workers rights.
    (SFC, 3/1/01, p.A8)(WSJ, 3/1/01, p.A1)
2001        Feb 28, In Congo 3,000 troops from Rwanda and 150 from Uganda withdrew. All warring parties were scheduled to make way for an 18-mile buffer zone, to be monitored by the UN, by March 15.
    (SFC, 3/1/01, p.A10)
2001        Feb 28, A 5.4 earthquake hit El Salvador.
    (SFC, 3/1/01, p.A10)
2001        Feb 28, Officials in Northern Ireland confirmed hoof-and-mouth disease in sheep imported from England. 8 more cases were confirmed in England and Wales.
    (SFC, 3/1/01, p.A10)
2001        Feb 28, Flooding continued in central Mozambique as the death toll rose to 52. 81,000 were made homeless since the beginning of the year.
    (SFC, 3/1/01, p.A10)(SFC, 3/2/01, p.A16)

2001        Feb, Arthur Levitt, chairman of the US Securities and Exchange Commission, retired. In 2002 he authored "Take on the Street: What Wall Street and Corporate America Don’t Want You to Know."
    (WSJ, 10/4/02, p.W1)
2001         Feb, A major statistical analysis published on the British Medical Journal website concluded that the soaring rate of autism in recent years is almost certainly not due to the MMR injection. The study found that the number of cases of autism has continued to rise even though MMR coverage has remained roughly the same. If MMR was the cause of illness, said the experts, the number of autism diagnoses would also have leveled off by now.
    (http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/health/1808956.stm)
2001        Feb, Canada established the 8,500 square-mile Sirmilik National Park on the northern tip of Baffin Island, 450 miles north of the Arctic Circle. It included most of Bylot Island.
    (SSFC, 6/18/06, p.G1)(www.newparksnorth.org/baffin.htm)
2001        Feb, Romania enacted Law 10 to govern restitution for properties confiscated between 1945 and 1989. In 2006 Romania passed legislation to return property that had been confiscated under Communist rule, to former owners and to establish a fund to pay damages for assets that could not be returned.
    (www.state.gov/p/eur/rls/or/64425.htm)(SFC, 5/24/06, p.A2)
2001        Feb, In Vietnam some 20,000 Montagnards, members of mostly Christian hill tribes, participated in protests against state land confiscations in the highland cities Buon Ma Thuot, Pleiku and Kontum. Many were then forced to seek refuge in Cambodia. Dozens were later imprisoned for organizing illegal migration.
    (SFC, 6/26/01, p.A8)(SFC, 12/28/02, p.A12)

2001        Mar 1, Afghanistan's ruling Taliban, defying international protests, began destroying all statues in the country.
    (AP, 3/1/02)
2001        Mar 1, The UK banned the Pakistan-based militant group Lashkar-e-Taiba.
    (WSJ, 12/8/08, p.A6)
2001        Mar 1, China was reported to consume a little over 6% of the world’s total 75.5 million barrels per day of oil.
    (WSJ, 3/1/01, p.A1)
2001        Mar 1, In Ecuador 7 foreign oil workers (a Chilean, an Argentine, a New Zealander and four Americans), kidnapped last October, were released following a $13 million ransom.
    (SFC, 3/2/01, p.A16)(AP, 3/1/02)
2001        Mar 1, The Fiji high court ruled that the military-backed government was illegal and that the 1997 multi-racial constitution remained in effect.
    (SFC, 3/2/01, p.D5)(Econ, 8/14/04, p.40)
2001        Mar 1, In Israel a Palestinian in a taxi detonated a bomb that killed one passenger, injured 9 and blew off his own legs.
    (SFC, 3/2/01, p.A17)

2001        Mar 2, In Afghanistan the Taliban began the destruction of the giant Buddha of Bamiyan despite int’l. protests. The United Nations tried in vain to persuade Afghanistan's ruling Taliban to reverse its decision to destroy a pair of giant, ancient statues of Buddha and other Buddhist relics that the regime considered idolatrous.
    (SSFC, 3/4/01, p.A1)(SFC, 12/30/01, p.D3)(AP, 3/2/02)
2001        Mar 2, In China 37 members of the banned Falun Gong were sentenced to prison terms of 3-10 years. Most had been convicted of "using a cult to obstruct the law."
    (SFC, 3/3/01, p.A12)
2001        Mar 2, In France Alois Brunner, former deputy of Adolf Eichmann, was sentenced to life imprisonment for war crimes against humanity. He was believed to be still alive in Syria, where he fled in 1954.
    (SFC, 3/3/01, p.A10)
2001        Mar 2, In Indonesian some 7,000 Madurese refugees escaped from Borneo while some 13,000 still waited in camps for boats. The killing appeared to have stopped.
    (SFC, 3/3/01, p.A12)
2001        Mar 2, In Israel the Labor Party chose 8 members to serve in the Cabinet of Ariel Sharon. Shimon Peres was named foreign minister and Benjamin Ben-Eliezer as defense minister.
    (SFC, 3/3/01, p.A10)
2001        Mar 2, In the Philippines the Supreme Court affirmed the legitimacy of Pres. Gloria Macapagal Arroyo and denied immunity to former Pres. Estrada.
    (SFC, 3/3/01, p.A12)
2001        Mar 2, In Thailand a bomb blast gutted a Thai Airways Boeing 737-400 in Bangkok just before PM Shinawatra was to board. One crew member was killed. It was later reported that the empty center fuel tank of the plane had exploded.
    (SFC, 3/5/01, p.A12)(WSJ, 6/26/08, p.A12)

2001        Mar 3, John Ruiz became the first Hispanic WBA heavyweight champion by defeating Evander Holyfield in a unanimous 12-round decision.
    (AP, 3/3/02)   
2001        Mar 3, A US National Guard C-23 Sherpa plane carrying members of an engineering crew crashed in Georgia and 21 people were killed.
    (SSFC, 3/4/01, p.A5)(AP, 3/3/02)
2001        Mar 3, In Argentina Pres. Fernando De la Rua asked his entire cabinet to submit their resignations a day after Economy Minister Jose Luis Machinea submitted his resignation.
    (SSFC, 3/4/01, p.A27)
2001        Mar 3, The foot-and-mouth scare made its way from Britain to mainland Europe with the discovery of blisters on the snouts of three pigs in northern Belgium, sparking drastic measures.
    (AP, 3/3/02)

2001        Mar 4, President George W. Bush dedicated a $4 billion aircraft carrier in honor of former President Reagan. Nancy Reagan christened the ship. It was commissioned in 2003.
    (AP, 3/4/02)(SSFC, 7/12/03, p.A2)
2001        Mar 4, The US Coast Guard found a record 13 (8) tons of cocaine aboard a 152-foot fishing vessel, the Svesda Maru, in a Belize-flagged vessel 1,500 miles south of San Diego. The ship’s crew were from Russia and Ukraine.
    (SFC, 5/15/01, p.A5)(SFC, 5/30/01, p.A10)
2001        Mar 4, An oceanside memorial was held in Hawaii for 9 people from a Japanese fishing boat who were killed when their vessel was accidentally sunk by a U.S. submarine.
    (AP, 3/4/02)
2001        Mar 4, Singer Glenn Hughes, the biker character in the disco band the Village People, died in New York at age 50.
    (AP, 3/4/02)
2001        Mar 4, Former Ohio 4-term Gov. James A. Rhodes died at age 91.
    (SFC, 3/5/01, p.A24)
2001        Mar 4, Harold E. Stassen (93), former Minnesota 3-term Gov. and perennial presidential candidate, died in Bloomington, Minn. In 2013 Alec Kirby, David G. Dalin and Jon F. Rothmann authored “Harold E. Stassen: The Life and Perennial Candidacy of the Progressive Republican."
    (SFC, 3/5/01, p.A24)(AP, 3/4/02)(SSFC, 6/9/13, p.F7)
2001        Mar 4, In England a bomb exploded in London outside the BBC studios. It was the work of the Real IRA and one person was injured.
    (SFC, 3/5/01, p.A12)(WSJ, 3/5/01, p.A1)
2001        Mar 4, In Israel a Palestinian suicide bomber killed himself and 3 Israelis in Netanya.
    (SSFC, 3/4/01, p.A27)
2001        Mar 4, Macedonia sealed its border with Kosovo after 3 soldiers were killed in heavy fighting with ethnic Albanian rebels, led by Ali Ahmeti.
    (WSJ, 3/5/01, p.A1)(Econ, 4/14/12, p.62)
2001        Mar 4, In Portugal a bridge over the Douro River near Penafiel collapsed and at least 70 people in a bus and 2 cars plunged into the river and were killed.
    (SFC, 3/5/01, p.A12)(WSJ, 3/5/01, p.A1)(WSJ, 3/6/01, p.A1)
2001        Mar 4, In Saudi Arabia Muslim pilgrims climbed Mount Arafat as some 2 million gathered for the annual hajj to Mecca.
    (WSJ, 3/5/01, p.A1)
2001        Mar 4, Swiss voters rejected membership talks with the EU by 77%.
    (SFC, 3/5/01, p.A11)

2001        Mar 5, Vice President Dick Cheney underwent an angioplasty for a partially blocked artery after going to a hospital with chest pains.
    (AP, 3/5/02)
2001        Mar 5, Charles Andrew Williams (15), a freshman at Santana High School in Santee, Ca., a San Diego suburb, shot and killed 2 students and wounded 13 others. Williams was sentenced 50 years to life in prison on Aug 15, 2002.
    (SFC, 3/6/01, p.A1)(SFC, 8/16/02, p.A3)
2001        Mar 5, China announced a 17.7% increase in defense spending.
    (SFC, 3/6/01, p.A12)
2001        Mar 5, In Colombia rightists vowed to prevent the formation of a 2nd leftist sanctuary and fought rebels in a battle that left 24 dead.
    (WSJ, 3/6/01, p.A1)
2001        Mar 5, France banned exports of animals at risk for hoof-and-mouth disease.
    (SFC, 3/6/01, p.A11)
2001        Mar 5, In Macedonia heavy fighting against ethnic Albanian rebels continued for a 2nd day on the border with Kosovo.
    (SFC, 3/6/01, p.A12)
2001        Mar 5, Muslim pilgrims began the stoning of the three pillars symbolizing the devil as part of the annual hajj to Mecca. 35 people suffocated to death during the stoning of the devil ritual.
    (WSJ, 3/5/01, p.A1)(SFC, 3/6/01, p.A11)

2001        Mar 6, Bill Mazeroski was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame, along with former Negro League player Hilton Smith.
    (AP, 3/5/02)
2001        Mar 6, Calling it the "most accurate census in history," the Bush administration refused to adjust the 2000 head count.
    (AP, 3/5/02)
2001        Mar 6, The US Senate voted to repeal rules issued 4 months ago by former Pres. Clinton that were intended to reduce workplace injuries. The House followed suit the next day.
    (SFC, 3/7/01, p.A1)(SFC, 3/8/01, p.A3)
2001        Mar 6, US District Judge Marilyn Patel ordered Napster to block access to its files of Millions of downloadable songs protected by copyrights.
    (SFC, 12/30/01, p.D3)
2001        Mar 6, Two American women died when their twin-engine plane crashed after take-off from Iceland. They were on their way to Britain for a long-distance air race.
    (SFC, 3/8/01, p.A16)
2001        Mar 6, In Argentina Federal Judge Gabriel Cavallo struck down amnesty laws that protected hundreds of soldiers accused of torture, murder and kidnapping during the dictatorship of 1976-1983.
    (SFC, 3/7/01, p.A9)
2001        Mar 6, It was reported that Chinese psychiatrists have decided to stop classifying homosexuality as a mental illness.
    (SFC, 3/6/01, p.A11)
2001        Mar 6, In China an explosion at an elementary school in Jiangxi province left 37 students and 4 teachers dead. 42 people, mostly students, were killed in a schoolhouse explosion in southern China; parents said the students had been forced to make fireworks by school officials. Teachers, to enhance their meager salaries, had forced students to make firecrackers during their lunch breaks. Prime Minister Zhu Rongji said the blast was caused by a "deranged suicide bomber."
    (WSJ, 3/7/01, p.A1)(SFC, 3/8/01, p.A1)(SFC, 3/9/01, p.A14)(AP, 3/5/02)
2001        Mar 6, The EU ordered all livestock markets closed for 2 weeks to contain foot-and-mouth disease.
    (SFC, 3/7/01, p.A10)
2001        Mar 6, In Kenya the 1st experimental AIDS vaccine, specifically designed for Africa, was administered.
    (SFC, 3/7/01, p.A10)
2001        Mar 6, In Nigeria 30 girls died from a fire at the Gindiri Girls School in Jos. They were reportedly locked in for the night so as not to mix with boys.
    (WSJ, 3/8/01, p.A1)
2001        Mar 6, In Rwanda local elections were held for the 1st time since the 1994 mass slaughter of Tutsis.
    (WSJ, 3/7/01, p.A1)

2001        Mar 7, Pres. Bush met with South Korea’s Pres. Kim Dae Jung and said he did not plan to resume talks with North Korea.
    (WSJ, 3/8/01, p.A1)
2001        Mar 7, United States census 2000 results showed that the Hispanic population at 35.3 million, just above the 34.7 million African Americans.
    (SFC, 3/8/01, p.A1)
2001        Mar 7, It was reported that Bogota, Colombia, Mayor Antanas Mockus called on women to take a night out and leave men at home to do the chores.
    (SFC, 3/7/01, p.A9)
2001        Mar 7, In Congo soldiers killed some of the 11 Lebanese nationals detained in the aftermath of the Kabila assassination.
    (SFC, 3/8/01, p.A16)
2001        Mar 7, In Israel Ariel Sharon took office as the nation’s 11th Prime Minister. He insisted that Palestinians must reduce violence before he would resume negotiations for peace.
    (SFC, 3/7/01, p.A9)(SFC, 3/8/01, p.A12)
2001        Mar 7, The UN Security Council imposed an embargo on Liberia’s trade in weapons and diamonds in an effort to halt arms to rebels in Sierra Leone.
    (SFC, 3/8/01, p.A13)
2001        Mar 7, In Russia an avalanche on a Siberian highway in the Yermakov district buried some 200 people. At least 2 people died.
    (SFC, 3/8/01, p.A16)
2001        Mar 7, In Serbia NATO soldiers moved into the Kosovo village of Mijak to stem the flow of arms to Albanian guerrillas in Macedonia.
    (SFC, 3/8/01, p.A12)
2001        Mar 7, Pres. Mugabe of Zimbabwe left Europe after meetings in France and Belgium over the 11,000 troops he has stationed in Congo.
    (SFC, 3/9/01, p.D3)

2001        Mar 8, The Republican-controlled House voted for an across-the-board tax cut of nearly $1 trillion over the next decade, handing President Bush a major victory only 48 days into his term.
    (WSJ, 3/9/01, p.A1)(AP, 3/8/02)
2001        Mar 8, Scott Waddle, the embattled commander of the Navy submarine that collided with a Japanese fishing vessel off Hawaii, offered a tearful apology to the families of some of the victims.
    (AP, 3/8/02)
2001        Mar 8, A new AIDS vaccine was reported to be successful in monkeys.
    (WSJ, 3/9/01, p.A1)
2001        Mar 8, The space shuttle Discovery lifted off with supplies for the int’l. space station in a new Italian module named Leonardo. The 12-day mission also included a fresh crew of 3 for the station.
    (SFC, 3/9/01, p.A2)(WSJ, 3/9/01, p.A1)
2001        Mar 8, Rev. Arthur Peacocke, a scientist and Church of England priest, won the annual Templeton Prize for Progress in Religion. His writings included "Paths from Science Towards God."
    (SFC, 3/9/01, p.D6)
2001        Mar 8, In Afghanistan the giant Buddha at Bamiyan was destroyed.
    (SFC, 3/12/01, p.A12)
2001        Mar 8, Dame Ninette de Valois, founder of the Royal Ballet, died in London at age 102.
    (AP, 3/8/02)
2001        Mar 8, In Indonesia Pres. Wahid visited Borneo and fighting erupted right after his departure. At least 4 Dayak protesters were killed.
    (SFC, 3/9/01, p.D2)
2001        Mar 8, In southern Sudan dozens of gunmen attacked and looted an aid agency. 4 workers were killed and 2 were kidnapped.
    (SFC, 3/13/01, p.A18)
2001        Mar 8, Flooding in the Ukraine and northeastern Hungary left at least 5 people dead. Tens of thousands were driven from their homes as the Tisza and other Carpathian streams rose.
    (WSJ, 3/9/01, p.A1)

2001        Mar 9, Federal regulators warned power companies that they may have to refund $69 million to California ratepayers for charging unreasonable prices.
    (SFC, 3/10/01, p.A1)
2001        Mar 9, The DJIA fell 213.63 to 10,644, while the Nasdaq fell almost 116 to close at 2052. Intel and Cisco announced thousands of job cuts.
    (SFC, 3/10/01, p.A1)
2001        Mar 9, A judge in Fort Lauderdale, Fla., sentenced 14-year-old Lionel Tate to life in prison for the 1999 killing of Tiffany Eunick, a 6-year old girl. Tate, who had been convicted of first-degree murder, said he was imitating pro-wrestling moves. Tate's first-degree murder conviction and sentence were later overturned; he pleaded guilty to second-degree murder and received a new sentence of probation, but is now accused of violating that probation.
    (AP, 3/9/02)(AP, 3/9/06)
2001        Mar 9, Attorney James St. Clair (b.1920), who represented President Nixon at the height of the Watergate scandal, died in Westwood, Mass., at age 80.
    (AP, 3/9/02)(NW, 12/31/01, p.110)
2001        Mar 9, In Afghanistan the smaller giant Buddha at Bamiyan was destroyed.
    (SFC, 3/12/01, p.A12)
2001        Mar 9, Ethnic Albanian rebels launched attacks on Macedonian and Yugoslav forces on the Kosovo border. 2 people were killed.
    (SFC, 3/10/01, p.A8)
2001        Mar 9, In Ukraine tens of thousands of demonstrators rioted in Kiev to force Pres. Kuchma from office.
    (SFC, 3/10/01, p.A8)

2001        Mar 10, President George W. Bush told Americans in his Saturday radio address that he thought support for tax relief was building, while opening the door to considering a different sort of cut than he had proposed and Democrats deplored.
    (AP, 3/10/02)
2001        Mar 10, In Canada the Nuu-chah-nulth Tribal Council of British Columbia signed a treaty with the federal government.
    (SSFC, 3/11/01, p.D2)
2001        Mar 10, In Colombia gunmen pulled Sintramienergetica union local president Valmore Locarno and his deputy, Victor Orcasita, off a bus and killed them. The US Drummond Co. was later charged with paying paramilitaries for the executions. In 2007 a civil trial before a federal jury opened in Birmingham, Ala.
    (AP, 7/7/07)
2001        Mar 10, In Japan Prime Minister Yoshiro Mori announced that he would resign next month.
    (SSFC, 3/11/01, p.D1)

2001        Mar 11, Lawrence Summers, former Clinton Treasury Secretary, was named as the 27th president of Harvard. Neil Rudenstine planned to step down in June.
    (WSJ, 3/12/00, p.A1)
2001        Mar 11, In England 25 new cases of hoof-and-mouth disease were reported with outbreaks in Scotland, Wales, Devonshire and Kent.
    (SFC, 3/12/01, p.A15)
2001        Mar 11, In Indonesia anti-Wahid students rallied in Jakarta. A plunging currency added to the unrest on the streets.
    (WSJ, 3/12/01, p.A1)
2001        Mar 11, In Malaysia ethnic violence between Malays and ethnic Indians continued for a 4th day. Five people were killed in the last 4 days.
    (SFC, 3/12/01, p.A15)
2001        Mar 11, In Mexico some 75,000-100,000 supporters filled the square of Mexico City as the Zapatista rebels arrived. "We are here to shout for and to demand democracy, liberty and justice." Masked Zapatista rebels urged passage of an Indian rights bill.
    (SFC, 3/12/01, p.A1)(AP, 3/11/02)
2001        Mar 11, In Spain over 100,000 people protested in Madrid against a $23 billion plan to divert water from the Ebro river to areas in the south.
    (SFC, 3/12/01, p.A14)

2001        Mar 12, A US Navy fighter dropped an errant 500-pound bomb in Kuwait that hit an observation post and killed five Americans and one New Zealander. Cmdr. David Zimmerman was later reprimanded and relieved of command.
    (SFC, 3/13/01, p.A1)(SFC, 5/23/01, p.C4)(AP, 3/12/02)
2001        Mar 12, The DJIA fell 436 to 10,208. The Nasdaq fell 129 to 1923. The 61% Nasdaq drop since Mar 10, 2000, was the largest in its 30 year history.
    (SFC, 3/13/01, p.A1)
2001        Mar 12, An anonymous donor pledged a no-strings-attached $360 million to Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI) of Troy, NY, the largest donation to a university in US history.
    (SFC, 3/13/01, p.A4)
2001        Mar 12, Morton Downey Jr. (68), abrasive, chain-smoking, pioneer host of "Trash TV" talk shows, died. "The Morton Downey Show" premiered in NYC in 1987.
    (SFC, 3/14/01, p.A20)(AP, 3/12/02)
2001        Mar 12, Robert Ludlum (73), suspense novelist, died in Naples, Fla. His books included "The Scarlatti Inheritance," "The Chancellor Manuscript," the Bourne trilogy, "The Matlock Paper," "Trevayne" and others.
    (SFC, 3/13/01, p.A25)(AP, 3/12/02)
2001        Mar 12, In Guatemala Judge Hugo Martinez of Senahu was hacked to death and burned by a mob after he ruled that there was not sufficient evidence to hold 2 rape suspects.
    (SFC, 3/14/01, p.C12)
2001        Mar 12, Bangaru Laxman, president of the Bharatiya Janata Party, resigned following video taped images of bribery. In 2012 he was jailed for four years for accepting a bribe to swing a fake arms deal in a media sting operation.
    (SFC, 3/14/01, p.C12)(AFP, 4/28/12)
2001        Mar 12, In Indonesia Pres. Wahid insisted he would not step down and warned that his ouster would lead to the disintegration of the country as over 10,000 demonstrated in Jakarta for his ouster. The main stock index fell 5% and the rupiah fell 12%.
    (SFC, 3/13/01, p.A15)
2001        Mar 12, Israel sealed off the city of Ramallah, the unofficial seat of the Palestinian Authority.
    (SFC, 3/13/01, p.A15)
2001        Mar 12, In Mexico the Fox administration announced its " Plan Puebla-Panama," an effort to close the economic gap between the north and poorer south.
    (SFC, 3/13/01, p.A16)
2001        Mar 12, In Mexico Zapatista rebels invaded the Naha nature preserve in southern Chiapas, home of Lacandon Indians, and took over some 250 acres of the 7,500-acre preserve.
    (SFC, 3/13/01, p.A16)
2001        Mar 12, Russia and Iran signed agreements to increase their military and economic cooperation.
    (SFC, 3/13/01, p.A16)
2001        Mar 12, In Uganda elections were held. Pres. Museveni (56) was challenged by Kizza Besigye (44), a retired army colonel. Vote-rigging charges marred the elections. Museveni won with 69.3% to Besigye’s 27.8%. Reports were made that 12 million ballots were counted with only 10.6 million registered to vote.
    (SSFC, 3/11/01, p.D4)(WSJ, 3/13/01, p.A1)(SFC, 3/14/01, p.C12)(SFC, 3/15/01, p.A13)
2001        Mar 12, Yugoslavia and NATO agreed to use their forces to squeeze Albanian rebels from separate flanks as the rebels signed a cease-fire.
    (SFC, 3/13/01, p.A15)

2001        Mar 13, Pres. Bush backed off from seeking reductions in carbon dioxide emissions due to projected higher energy costs from a shift from coal to natural gas.
    (SFC, 3/14/01, p.A1)
2001        Mar 13, Ahmed Ressam, an Algerian national who was arrested with a carload of explosives just before New Year's Eve 1999, went on trial in Los Angeles on charges of plotting to bomb Seattle and other U.S. cities during the millennium celebrations. He was convicted of terrorism the following month.
    (AP, 3/13/02)
2001        Mar 13, In China four writers were detained a few months after they had formed the New Youth Study Group for discussing political change in China. In 2003 Xu Wei (28) and Jin Haike (26) were sentenced to 10 years in prison for subverting state power. Yang Zili (32) and Zhang Honghai (29) were sentenced to 8 years. Wei and Haike were released On March 12, 2011, after completing their jail terms.
    (SFC, 5/30/03, p.A16)(AP, 3/13/11)
2001        Mar 13, In Costa Rica Shannon Martin (23), a student from Topeka, Kan., was stabbed to death, after she left a nightclub in Golfito, 100 miles south of San Jose. In 2003 Kattia Cruz, 28, and Luis Alberto Castro, 38, were found guilty of murder and sentenced to 15 years in prison for the killing.
    (AP, 11/25/03)
2001        Mar 13, France announced its first case of foot-and-mouth disease, prompting the U.S. Department of Agriculture to suspend imports of livestock and fresh meat from the European Union.
    (SFC, 3/14/01, p.A1)(AP, 3/13/02)
2001        Mar 13, Japan’s Nikkei Stock Average fell 351 to 11,819, a 16-year low.
    (WSJ, 3/14/01, p.A14)
2001        Mar 13, In Indonesia supporters and opponents of Pres. Wahid staged protests as police clashed with students who threw rocks and gasoline bombs in Jakarta.
    (SFC, 3/14/01, p.A9)
2001        Mar 13, North Korea cancelled negotiations with South Korea due to Pres. Bush’s toughened stance on the North.
    (SFC, 3/14/01, p.A10)

2001        Mar 14, Doug Swingley won the Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race in Alaska for the third straight year.
    (AP, 3/14/02)
2001        Mar 14, Inspectors tightened U.S. defenses against foot-and-mouth disease a day after a case was confirmed in France.
    (AP, 3/14/02)
2001        Mar 14, The DJIA fell 317 to close at 9,973. The Nasdaq fell 42 to close at 1,972.
    (SFC, 3/15/01, p.A1)
2001        Mar 14, Bristol-Myers proposed a $1 a day price per patient for its 2 AIDS medicines to sub-Saharan African countries.
    (SFC, 3/15/01, p.A12)
2001        Mar 14, Seven men were killed by police in a Kingston, Jamaica, suburb during an alleged shootout. 3 of the dead were under 18. In 2003 five police officers were charged with murder in the deaths of the 7 young men.
    (SFC, 4/11/01, p.C3)(AP, 11/12/03)
2001        Mar 14, In Macedonia the ethnic Albanian National Liberation Army (UCK) extended its fight to Tetovo, the country’s 2nd largest city.
    (SFC, 3/15/01, p.A12)

2001        Mar 15, Federal authorities confirmed that remains found on a Texas ranch were those of missing atheist leader Madalyn Murray O'Hair and two of her relatives. David Waters, the key suspect in the slayings, was sentenced to 20 years in prison on a federal extortion charge in connection with the case.
    (AP, 3/15/06)
2001        Mar 15, Ann Sothern (92), film and TV actress, died in Ketchum, Idaho. Her work included 64 movies and over 175 TV episodes.
    (SFC, 3/17/01, p.A23)(AP, 3/15/02)
2001        Mar 15, Australia’s HIH Insurance, the country’s 2nd largest insurance firm, was forced into liquidation. This led to a revision of regulatory oversight.
    (Econ, 5/28/11, SR p.5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HIH_Insurance)
2001        Mar 15, In Brazil a Petrobras oil-platform explosion killed 1 worker and left 9 missing at the 40-story offshore facility. The platform was in danger of sinking.
    (WSJ, 3/16/01, p.A1)(SFC, 3/17/01, p.A11)
2001        Mar 15, Britain announced plans to slaughter up to 100,000 more animals due to possible contacts with foot-and-mouth disease virus.
    (SFC, 3/16/01, p.A15)
2001        Mar 15, Chechen men, wielding knives and claiming to have a bomb, hijacked a Russian plane carrying 174 people after it left Turkey and forced it to land in the holy Saudi city of Medina. Saudi special forces stormed the plane the following day; a flight attendant, a passenger and a hijacker were killed.
    (SFC, 3/16/01, p.A14)(AP, 3/15/02)
2001        Mar 15, In India defense minister George Fernandes resigned in a corruption scandal.
    (SFC, 3/16/01, p.A16)
2001        Mar 15, Israel arrested 3 members of an elite Palestinian security force who allegedly planned a bomb attack on Israeli West Bank military headquarters.
    (SFC, 3/16/01, p.A14)
2001        Mar 15, In Macedonia Prime Minister Ljubco Georgievski said that a direct involvement of NATO troops might be required to stem rebel attacks.
    (SFC, 3/16/01, p.A14)
2001        Mar 15, In the Philippines 10 police officers were sentenced to death for accepting $13,265 in bribes from alleged drug dealers in 1999.
    (SFC, 3/16/01, p.A16)
2001        Mar 15, A St. Maarten registered boat carrying illegal migrants sank near St. Martin and at least 20 people were killed.
    (SFC, 3/16/01, p.A16)

2001        Mar 16, Rap impresario Sean "Puffy" Combs was acquitted in New York of taking an illegal handgun into a crowded Manhattan hip-hop club where three people were later wounded; he was also cleared of trying to bribe his way out of trouble. Combs' bodyguard, Anthony "Wolf" Jones, was acquitted of the same charges.
    (AP, 3/16/02)
2001        Mar 16, In Argentina Ricardo Lopez Murphy, the Economy Minister, proposed $4.5 billion in budget cuts over the next 2 years to revive the economy.
    (WSJ, 3/20/01, p.A19)
2001        Mar 16, Explosions rocked residential buildings in Shijiazhuang, a mill town in Hebei province. At least 18 people were killed. The deaths soon mounted to 108 with 38 injured. Police later arrested Jin Ruchao (41), a deaf man, who reportedly confessed to the bombings.
    (SFC, 3/17/01, p.A10)(SSFC, 3/18/01, p.D1)(SFC, 3/24/01, p.A11)
2001        Mar 16, In Macedonia Albanian rebel mortar shells exploded in Tetovo.
    (SFC, 3/17/01, p.A12)
2001        Mar 16, In Saudi Arabia Saudi commandos freed over 100 hijacked hostages held by Chechen rebels in a Russian plane. 3 people were killed including a hijacker, a flight attendant and a passenger.
    (SFC, 3/17/01, p.A10)(AP, 3/16/02)

2001        Mar 17, Ray Rice, one of the founders of the Art and Architecture movement, died at age 85 in Mendocino. His work include 40 short films.
    (SFC, 4/9/01, p.A17)(http://tinyurl.com/23geum)
2001        Mar 17, In Angola a small plane crashed into a mountain near Lubango and all but one of 17 people on board were killed.
    (SSFC, 3/18/01, p.S2)
2001        Mar 17, Colombia suspended meat and livestock imports from Argentina for 60 days due to fears of foot-and-mouth disease. Only Israel and Russia still imported Argentine meat.
    (SFC, 3/19/01, p.A9)
2001        Mar 17, In Italy protesters demonstrated at the third Global Forum in Naples. They clashed with police and 50 officers and 70 protesters suffered minor injuries.
    (SSFC, 3/18/01, p.D4)
2001        Mar 17, OPEC decided to curtail its official output by 4 percent, or 1 million barrels of oil a day, in an effort to halt a recent slide in oil prices, a decision the Bush administration called "disappointing."
    (SSFC, 3/18/01, p.D1)(AP, 3/17/02)
2001        Mar 17, In Spain Santos Santamaria Avedano (32), a police officer, was killed when a car bomb went off as he evacuated guests from a hotel in Roses.
    (SFC, 3/19/01, p.A9)

2001        Mar 18, John Phillips, who co-founded the Mamas and the Papas and wrote its biggest hits, including "California Dreamin" and "Monday," died in Los Angeles at age 65.
    (SFC, 3/19/01, p.A19)(AP, 3/18/02)
2001        Mar 18, It was reported that the Bush administration planned to sidestep the American Bar Association in the screening of federal judges, an "indication that they want to pick judges of the hard right."
    (SSFC, 3/18/01, p.A5)
2001        Mar 18, It was reported that the US National Reconnaissance Office was planning a $25 billion project for some 12 satellites to be deployed by 2005.
    (SSFC, 3/18/01, p.A3)
2001        Mar 18, An Amtrak train bound for the Bay Area derailed in Iowa and 1 person was killed with 96 injured.
    (SFC, 3/19/01, p.A1)
2001        Mar 18, In Algeria weekend attacks by suspected Islamic militants left 5 people dead and 23 injured.
    (SFC, 3/20/01, p.A11)
2001        Mar 18, Chechen rebels killed at least 21 Russian troops.
    (WSJ, 3/19/01, p.A1)
2001        Mar 18, In France mayoral elections were held in Paris. Bertrand Delanoe, candidate of the Socialist, Communists and 2-other left-wing parties, won over Philippe Seguin. Socialists also won in Lyon. This ended a century of nearly unbroken rule by the right.
    (SFC, 3/8/01, p.A12)(SFC, 3/19/01, p.A8)(AP, 3/18/02)
2001        Mar 18, In Iran the judiciary banned the nation’s only real opposition group and closed down 4 pro-reform newspapers.
    (SFC, 3/19/01, p.A9)
2001        Mar 18, In Macedonia the government ordered a general mobilization to counter the guerrilla assault.
    (SFC, 3/19/01, p.A8)

2001        Mar 19, Pres. Bush met with Japanese Prime Minister Yoshiro Mori. They did not come up with any specific measures to revive economic growth.
    (SFC, 3/20/01, p.A10)
2001        Mar 19, California officials declared a power alert, ordering the first of two days of rolling blackouts, alternative power generators shut down due to nonpayment by PG&E and Southern California Edison.
    (SFC, 3/20/01, p.A1)(AP, 3/19/02)
2001        Mar 19, In Guyana elections were held for the presidency and 65-seat National Assembly. Bharrat Jagdeo (37) and the People’s Progressive Party won a 3rd consecutive term against Desmond Hoyte (72) of the People’s National Congress. Some black voters raised accusation of fraud.
    (SFC, 3/19/01, p.A8)(SFC, 3/20/01, p.A11)(SFC, 3/24/01, p.A12)
2001        Mar 19, In Japan Masaru Hayami, the Gov. of the Bank of Japan, said that a key interest rate will fall virtually to zero and stay there until consumer prices stop falling.
    (WSJ, 3/20/01, p.A1)
2001        Mar 19, NATO asked for additional troops in Kosovo to help stop Albanian guerrillas from crossing into Macedonia. Macedonia moved tanks and troops into Tetovo.
    (SFC, 3/20/01, p.A10)(WSJ, 3/20/01, p.A1)
2001        Mar 19, In Turkey the Cabinet approved a detailed program of political, economic and legal reforms to secure entry to the EU.
    (SFC, 3/20/01, p.A12)
2001        Mar 19, A Zimbabwe delegation wrapped up 2 days of meetings with South Africa to find ways to restore the economy. South Africa feared a flood of Zimbabweans due to fuel and food shortages there.
    (WSJ, 3/21/00, p.A1)

2001        Mar 20, Pres. Bush met with Israel’s Ariel Sharon and urged him avoid provocative acts.
    (SFC, 3/21/01, p.A12)
2001        Mar 20, The skipper of the USS Greeneville took the stand in a Navy court and accepted sole responsibility for the Feb. 9 collision of his submarine with a Japanese trawler off Hawaii that killed nine Japanese.
    (AP, 3/20/02)
2001        Mar 20, New York native Lori Berenson, accused of aiding guerrillas in Peru, received a retrial in civilian court. She was later convicted of "terrorist collaboration."
    (AP, 3/20/02)
2001        Mar 20, The US Federal Reserve lowered interest rates 0.5% but stocks dropped. The DJIA fell 238 to 9,720; the NASDAQ fell 93 to 1,857.
    (SFC, 3/21/01, p.A1)
2001        Mar 20, Power-strapped California saw a second day of rolling blackouts.
    (AP, 3/20/02)
2001        Mar 20, Now-Ruz, the traditional Afghan New Year, passed without fanfare. The holiday is also observed in Iran.
    (SSFC, 3/18/01, p.A17)
2001        Mar 20, In Buenos Aires thousands demonstrated against plans to cut government spending. Domingo Cavallo was named to succeed Ricardo Lopez Murphy as economy minister.
    (SFC, 3/21/01, p.A14)
2001        Mar 20, The damaged Brazilian P-36 Petrobras oil platform sank 75 miles offshore. 400,000 gallons of fuel and crude oil began leaking into the sea. An immediate revenue loss of $50 million per month was expected.
    (SFC, 3/21/01, p.A12)(WSJ, 3/21/00, p.A1)
2001        Mar 20, Britain reported 46 new confirmed cases of foot-and-mouth disease, the largest daily number to date.
    (SFC, 3/21/01, p.A14)
2001        Mar 20, In Haiti violence flared in Port-au-Prince as Aristide supporters attacked an opposition party office with firebombs.
    (SFC, 3/21/01, p.A13)
2001        Mar 20, Liberia ordered its security forces to seal its border with Sierra Leone.
    (SFC, 3/21/01, p.A14)
2001        Mar 20, In Macedonia security forces began a heavy attack against guerrilla fighters and issued an ultimatum that weapons be laid down.
    (SFC, 3/21/01, p.12)
2001        Mar 20, In Spain Froilan Elespe, Socialist deputy mayor of Lasarte, was shot and killed. The ETA was blamed.
    (SFC, 3/21/01, p.A14)
2001        Mar 20, In South Africa new AIDS statistics indicated that 25% of the adult population, one of every 9 people, was infected with HIV.
    (SFC, 3/21/01, p.A13)

2001        Mar 21, The US State Dept. ordered the expulsion of 5 suspected Russian spies and informed Moscow that as many as 50 intelligence officers using diplomatic cover would have to leave over the next few months.
    (SFC, 3/22/01, p.A1)
2001        Mar 21, The Supreme Court ruled that hospitals cannot test pregnant women for drug use without their consent.
    (AP, 3/21/02)
2001        Mar 21, In Vermont a flock of 234 sheep were seized by federal agents over fears of infection with a version of mad cow disease. The sheep had originated in Belgium in 1996.
    (SFC, 3/22/01, p.A3)
2001        Mar 21, Space shuttle Discovery glided to a predawn touchdown, bringing home the first residents of the international space station.
    (AP, 3/21/02)
2001        Mar 21, The Taiwan United Daily News reported that a senior Chinese colonel had defected to the US.
    (SFC, 3/23/01, p.D4)
2001        Mar 21, In Guatemala the highest court ordered former dictator Efraim Rios Montt and 5 ruling-party lawmakers to give up their congressional posts to face impeachment charges.
    (SFC, 3/23/01, p.D2)
2001        Mar 21, In Israel Yitzhak Mordecai, a former defense minister, was convicted for sexual assault and harassment of two women.
    (SFC, 3/22/01, p.A12)
2001        Mar 21, Pres. Vicente Fox arrived in California for his 1st foreign trip as President of Mexico. He appealed to Gov. Davis to allow Mexicans in California greater access to doors of opportunity.
    (SFC, 3/21/01, p.A1)(SFC, 3/22/01, p.A1)
2001        Mar 21, In Macedonia the government rejected a rebel cease-fire and planned to proceed with its military offensive.
    (SFC, 3/22/01, p.A10)
2001        Mar 21, In Pakistan the military rulers arrested at least 20 opposition leaders. 1,600 people have been jailed in the last 3 days.
    (WSJ, 3/22/01, p.A1)
2001        Mar 21, Russia’s Mission Control took command of the Mir space station and prepared it for its final descent into the South Pacific.
    (SFC, 3/22/01, p.A10)

2001        Mar 22, Pres. Bush met with Chinese Deputy Premier Qian Qichen and said the US would support Taiwan’s military needs.
    (WSJ, 3/23/01, p.A1)
2001        Mar 22, In California Jason Hoffman (18) opened fire at Granite Hills High School in El Cajon, San Diego County. 10 people were injured. Hoffman reached a plea agreement and faced at least 27 years in prison. Hoffman hanged himself and was found dead in his cell Oct 29.
    (SFC, 3/23/01, p.A1)(SFC, 3/24/01, p.A3)(SFC, 9/14/01, p.A28)(SFC, 10/30/01, p.E10)
2001        Mar 22, William Hanna (b.1910), animation pioneer, died in Los Angeles. Cartoon characters that he helped create included Fred Flintstone, Quick Draw McGraw, Yogi Bear, Papa Smurf, as well as Tom and Jerry.
    (SFC, 3/23/01, p.D7)(AP, 3/22/02)
2001        Mar 22, Yevgeny Plushchenko captured the World Figure Skating Championships crown in Vancouver, British Columbia.
    (AP, 3/22/02)
2001        Mar 22, Two Albanians were killed by Macedonian police at a checkpoint when they appeared to pull grenades. The EU urged Macedonia to show restraint and intensify discussions with Albanian militants.
    (SFC, 3/23/01, p.D4)
2001        Mar 22, Pedro Verona Rodrigues Pires began ruling as the President of Cape Verde  and continued to September 2011. He was Prime Minister from 1975 to 1991.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pedro_Pires)
2001        Mar 22, In Ireland a case of foot-and-mouth disease was confirmed in County Louth, on the border with Northern Ireland. 40,000 cattle were destroyed.
    (SFC, 3/23/01, p.D5)(WSJ, 3/23/01, p.A1)
2001        Mar 22, In Mexico the Chamber of Deputies voted to allow Zapatista leaders to speak before an informal session of Congress.
    (SFC, 3/23/01, p.D2)
2001        Mar 22, Russia threatened to expel 50 American personnel in response to US expulsions of Russian intelligence agents.
    (SFC, 3/23/01, p.A1)
2001        Mar 22, The Russian Duma was expected to pass a bill to allow the storage of spent nuclear fuel for projected earnings of some $20 billion.
    (WSJ, 3/22/01, p.A1)
2001        Mar 22, Sabiha Gokcen, Turkey's 1st woman pilot and the adopted daughter of Ataturk, died. Armenians held that she was Armenian by birth.
    (Econ, 3/27/04, p.52)
2001        Mar 22, UN Sec.-Gen. Kofi Annan said that he agreed to seek a 2nd five-year term.
    (SFC, 3/23/01, p.D5)

2001        Mar 23, It was reported that the Bush administration had removed the CIA as a broker between Israeli and Palestinian security services.
    (SFC, 3/23/01, p.D4)
2001        Mar 23, Mississippi Gov. Ronnie Musgrove signed a law that mandated public schools to display "In God We Trust" in classrooms, cafeterias and auditoriums.
    (SFC, 3/24/01, p.C1)
2001        Mar 23, Newspaper columnist Rowland Evans died in Washington D.C. at age 79.
    (AP, 3/23/02)
2001        Mar 23, David McTaggart (68), founder of Greenpeace Int’l., was killed in a car crash in Umbria, Italy.
    (SFC, 3/24/01, p.A22)(AP, 3/23/02)
2001        Mar 23, In Britain Prime Minister Blair ordered the creation of 2-square-mile killing zones around every farm infected with hoof-and-mouth disease as the number of daily cases escalated.
    (SFC, 3/24/01, p.A10)
2001        Mar 23, It was reported that 22 Guam teenagers had committed suicide over the past 26 months. Members of a secretive club called Prestigious Angels promised to kill themselves if their friends would follow.
    (SFC, 3/23/01, p.D6)
2001        Mar 23, In Indonesia attacks by Dayaks in Central Kalimantan left at least 12 people dead.
    (SFC, 3/24/01, p.A12)
2001        Mar 23, Moscow expelled 4 US diplomats for "activities incompatible with their status." Russia said it was expelling 50 U.S. diplomats in retaliation for the expulsion of 50 Russians by the U.S.
    (SFC, 3/24/01, p.A10)(AP, 3/23/02)
2001        Mar 23, Russia's orbiting Mir space station ended its 15-year odyssey with a fiery plunge into the South Pacific. [see Mar 22]
    (AP, 3/23/02)

2001        Mar 24, U.S. skater Michelle Kwan won her fourth World Figure Skating title; Irina Slutskaya of Russia was second, and American Sarah Hughes earned the bronze.
    (AP, 3/24/02)
2001        Mar 24, EU leaders ended a 2 day meeting in Stockholm announced that they would dispatch a team of mediators to help the peace process between North and South Korea.
    (SSFC, 3/25/01, p.C6)
2001        Mar 24, In Japan a 6.4 earthquake near Hiroshima killed 2 people and injured at least 160.
    (SSFC, 3/25/01, p.C1)
2001        Mar 24, Macedonia began using attack helicopters against ethnic Albanian rebels.
    (SSFC, 3/25/01, p.C2)
2001        Mar 24, In southern Russia near Chechnya three car bombs exploded almost simultaneously, killing 23 people and wounded over 140 in the worst act of terror to hit Russia outside warring Chechnya in months. Chechen separatists were blamed.
    (SSFC, 3/25/01, p.C1)(AP, 3/24/02)
2001        Mar 24, An Air Caraibes Twin Otter plane with mostly French tourists from St. Maarten crashed on the Caribbean island of St. Barthelemy and killed all 19 aboard and one person in the house.
    (WSJ, 3/26/01, p.A1)(AP, 3/24/02)

2001        Mar 25, In the Academy Awards "Gladiator" won 5 Oscars including best picture and best actor for Russell Crowe. Julia Roberts won best actress for "Erin Brockovich." "Crouching Tiger" won for best foreign film and best music score. Steven Soderbergh won best director for "Traffic," which also featured Benicio Del Toro who won the best supporting actor. Marcia Gay Harden won best supporting actress for her role in "Pollock."
    (SFC, 3/26/01, p.E5)
2001        Mar 25, In Macedonia the government sent infantry troops backed by tanks and helicopters into the hills above Tetovo to push back ethnic Albanian insurgents.
    (SFC, 3/26/01, p.A8)
2001        Mar 25, In Saudi Arabia the Higher Committee for Scientific Research and Islamic Law claimed that Pokemon games and cards have "possessed the minds" of Saudi children.
    (SFC, 3/27/01, p.F2)

2001        Mar 26, The Bill Moyers PBS special "Trade Secrets" focused on the coverup by the American chemical industry of health problems caused by numerous products including vinyl chloride and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs).
    (SFC, 3/27/01, p.A17)
2001        Mar 26, A US Army plane crashed in Germany and 2 pilots were killed. In Scotland US Air Force F15C fighter jets were lost during training. The body of one pilot, Lt. Col. Kenneth John Hyvonen, and F15 wreckage was found the next day. Wreckage of the 2nd F15 was found after 2 days. The body of Capt. Kirk Jones was found Mar 30.
    (SFC, 3/27/01, p.F1)(SFC, 3/28/01, p.A10)(SFC, 3/29/01, p.A11)(SFC, 3/31/01, p.A14)   
2001        Mar 26, California state regulators proposed a 40% rate increase to help remedy the state’s energy crisis.
    (SFC, 3/27/01, p.A1)
2001        Mar 26, Regional Comair pilots went on strike after failing to settle with corporate parent Delta. The three-month strike began after contract talks with the regional airline broke off.
    (SFC, 3/27/01, p.C4)(AP, 3/26/02)
2001        Mar 26, It was reported that scientists had detected high-energy neutrinos for the 1st time in the Antarctic Muon and neutrino Detector Array (Amanda).
    (SFC, 3/26/01, p.A6)
2001        Mar 26, In Colombia Juan Gonzalez, head of the right-wing Calima Front of the United Self-Defense Forces, was killed with 3 others in a bar shootout.
    (SFC, 3/28/01, p.D4)
2001        Mar 26, In Hebron a Palestinian sniper shot and killed a 10-month-old Jewish girl. A 15-year-old Palestinian boy was shot and wounded in Gaza.
    (SFC, 3/27/01, p.F1)
2001        Mar 26, In Kazakhstan the Caspian Pipeline Consortium began pumping crude oil from the Tengiz field to Novorossiysk, Russia’s Black Sea port. The 990-mile Tengiz-Novorossiysk oil pipeline was owned by Kazakhstan, Russia, Oman and 8 oil companies. Chevron held 15% in the 12-partner consortium.
    (WSJ, 2/26/01, p.A14)(SFC, 3/27/01, p.C4)
2001        Mar 26, In Kenya a dorm fire at the Kyanguli Secondary School in Machakos killed 58 youths. One of 2 doors was bolted shut and arson was suspected. The toll soon rose to 64 as more students died from burns.
    (SFC, 3/27/01, p.F1)(SFC, 3/30/01, p.D4)

2001        Mar 27, A US federal judge ruled that the Univ. of Michigan racial criteria for accepting minority students with lower test scores than whites was invalid.
    (SFC, 3/28/01, p.A3)
2001        Mar 27, California regulators approved electricity rate hikes of up to 46 percent.
    (AP, 3/27/02)
2001        Mar 27, Robert Lee Massie (59) became the 9th prisoner to be executed in California since the death penalty was reinstated in 1997.
    (SFC, 12/13/05, p.A13)
2001        Mar 27, An empty train riding on the wrong side of the tracks crashed into a crowded commuter train at Pecrot, Belgium, killing eight people.
    (SFC, 3/28/01, p.D4)(AP, 3/27/02)
2001        Mar 27, The Brazilian Electricity Regulatory Agency, Aneel, ordered federal agencies and state companies to reduce consumption by 10% due to power shortages caused by poor rains.
    (WSJ, 3/28/01, p.A16)
2001        Mar 27, In its first specific accusation against a detained U.S.-based scholar, China said Gao Zhan had confessed to spying for foreign intelligence agencies. The US denied employing her as a spy. Gao, who had been detained on Feb. 11, was released the following July. In 2003 Gao Zhan admitted to illegal profits of over $539,000 from selling 80 microprocessors to the Chinese government. [see Feb 11]
    (WSJ, 3/28/01, p.A1)(AP, 3/27/02)(SFC, 11/27/03, p.A3)
2001        Mar 27, China reported that its population stood at 1.26 billion, an 11.7% increase over the last decade.
    (SFC, 3/28/01, p.D4)
2001        Mar 27, In Germany some 20,000 police blocked protesters who sought to block a train delivering radioactive waste from France. The German nuclear waste was reprocessed in France and returned.
    (SFC, 3/28/01, p.A12)
2001        Mar 27, Two bombings in Jerusalem wounded some 35 people.
    (SFC, 3/28/01, p.A10)
2001        Mar 27, Militiamen attacked a relief convoy and 14 Somalis were killed. 5 kidnapped aid workers were freed the next day, but 4 remained hostage. 2 Britons were released April 4.
    (SFC, 3/28/01, p.A10)(WSJ, 3/29/01, p.A1)(SFC, 4/5/01, p.A11)
2001        Mar 27, In Uganda rebels ambushed students on a field trip to Murchison Falls and killed 11 people.
    (SFC, 3/28/01, p.D4)

2001        Mar 28, The EU expressed concern over Pres. Bush’s abandonment of the Kyoto Treaty for cutting carbon dioxide emissions.
    (WSJ, 3/29/01, p.A1)
2001        Mar 28, The US Senate voted to double the "hard money" contribution limits to candidates and political parties.
    (SFC, 3/29/01, p.A1)
2001        Mar 28, A federal appeals court in San Francisco threw out a record $107 million verdict against anti-abortion activists, ruling that a Web site and wanted posters branding abortion doctors "baby butchers" and criminals were protected by the First Amendment.
    (AP, 3/28/02)
2001        Mar 28, The authors of a book on the Oklahoma City bombing revealed that during prison interviews, Timothy McVeigh had shown no remorse for what happened, and called the 19 children who died "collateral damage."
    (AP, 3/28/02)
2001        Mar 28, Bosnian Croat soldiers deserted by the hundreds following orders by the self-proclaimed Croat National Assembly led by the nationalist Croat Democratic Union. Many returned after the defense ministry warned that they would forfeit wages and benefits.
    (SFC, 3/29/01, p.A12)
2001        Mar 28, Two Israeli teenagers were killed by a Palestinian suicide bomber. Israeli gunships followed up with missile strikes at Arafat’s personal security forces (Force 17) and at least 3 Palestinians were killed.
    (SFC, 3/29/01, p.A10)
2001        Mar 28, In Jordan an Arab summit convened. Delegates had already approved a draft resolution for the UN to allow Baghdad to fund the Palestinian uprising.
    (WSJ, 3/27/01, p.A17)
2001        Mar 28, Macedonia began final assaults on rebels near the Kosovo border as political talks were set to begin.
    (SFC, 3/29/01, p.A10)
2001        Mar 28, In Mexico Zapatistas told the Mexican legislature that the military phase of their struggle was over and that political efforts would take precedence.
    (SFC, 3/29/01, p.A1)
2001        Mar 28, Russia’s Pres. Putin replaced his defense and interior ministers. Sergei Ivanov was appointed the new defense minister and Boris Gryzlov the new interior minister.
    (SFC, 3/29/01, p.A10)

2001        Mar 29, Pres. Bush met with German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder, who disagreed with Bush’s opposition to the 1997 Kyoto global-warming accord. It was later revealed that the 2 men agreed to withhold aid for Russia until corruption ceased.
    (SFC, 3/30/01, p.A9)(WSJ, 5/22/01, p.A1)
2001        Mar 29, Pres. Bush urged Israel to use restraint in military actions and instructed Sec. of State Colin Powell to call Yasser Arafat with the message to stop Palestinian violence.
    (SFC, 3/30/01, p.A16)
2001        Mar 29, James Kopp, the fugitive wanted in the 1998 slaying of Dr. Barnett Slepian, a Buffalo, N.Y., abortion provider, was captured in France. Kopp was convicted in 2003 of killing Slepian and is serving a sentence of 25 years to life.
    (AP, 3/29/02)
2001        Mar 29, The landmark Berkeley, Ca., UC Theater, built in 1917, was set to close after its last show. A fire had gutted the building in the 1940s, and it was rebuilt in a spartan motif. In 2009 promoters obtained permits and slated to reopen the building in the Fall of 2010 as a nightclub. 
    (SFC, 3/27/01, p.A12)(SFC, 9/24/09, p.D1)
2001        Mar 29, In Colorado a chartered jet from southern California crashed near Aspen’s Sardy Field and all 18 people aboard were killed.
    (SFC, 3/30/01, p.A3)
2001        Mar 29, John Lewis, pianist and musical director of the Modern Jazz Quartet, died in Manhattan at age 80.
    (SFC, 3/31/01, p.A21)
2001        Mar 29, An oil tanker collided with a freighter in the Baltic Sea and some 550,000 gallons of oil were spilled and drifted toward Denmark.
    (SFC, 3/30/01, p.D4)
2001        Mar 29, In India a power plant cooling tower collapsed and 6 workers were killed at Parvada.
    (SFC, 3/30/01, p.A19)
2001        Mar 29, Macedonian forces chased rebels into Kosovo and 3 people were killed from mortar fire in Kosovo.
    (SFC, 3/30/01, p.A16)
2001        Mar 29, In East Timor Xanana Gusmao said he would not compete in the nation’s 1st presidential election. Gusmao quit the interim legislature yesterday.
    (SFC, 3/30/01, p.A18)

2001        Mar 30, The Bush administration suspended a late Clinton rule that directed federal agencies to assess whether prospective contractors had violated federal laws.
    (SFC, 3/31/01, p.A3)
2001        Mar 30, A Bruce Rozet, a landlord-developer, admitted to taking part in a $3.4 million fraud scheme against HUD and agreed to pay $10.2 million in fines and penalties.
    (SFC, 3/31/01, p.A3)
2001        Mar 30, Top environment officials from North, Central and South America ended two days of talks in Montreal without a consensus agreement on global warming. A statement signed by 26 ministers from Latin American and Caribbean countries faulted a decision by the United States to reject the 1997 Kyoto Protocol.
    (AP, 3/30/02)
2001        Mar 30, SAP, a large German software firm, announced that it would buy bought Top Tier, a small Israeli software firm founded by Shai Agassi, for $400 million. Top Tier enabled business partners to access SAP applications using a web interface. In 2007 Agassi left SAP and founded Better Place, a company dedicated to building a global network of charging and battery-exchange stations to make electric cars a mass-market proposition.
    (http://irrationalbusiness.com/new/research/shorttakes/4102001.html)(Econ, 5/2/09, p.68)
2001        Mar 30, In Indonesia 2 human rights defenders and their driver were killed in Aceh province after leaving the police station in Simpang Tiga Alue Pakuk.
    (SFC, 3/31/01, p.A14)
2001        Mar 30, Israeli Arabs observed Land Day with peaceful marches. Israeli soldiers shot to death 6 Palestinians and wounded over 100.
    (SFC, 3/31/01, p.A10)
2001        Mar 30, Macedonia declared a successful conclusion to their offensive against ethnic Albanian insurgents.
    (SFC, 3/31/01, p.A10)

2001        Mar 31, Pres. Blaise Compaore asked for forgiveness for abuses over his 13-year rule as part of Burkina Faso’s 1st “National Pardon Day."
    (SSFC, 4/1/01, p.C10)
2001        Mar 31, In Macedonia rebels engaged government troops in a firefight.
    (SSFC, 4/1/01, p.C5)
2001        Mar 31, In the Netherlands legislation enacted in 2000 to legalize gay marriages went into effect at midnight.
    (SFC, 3/31/01, p.A10)
2001        Mar 31, In Pakistan a stampede at a shrine in Pakbattan Sharif left 40 dead as thousands rushed for the "paradise door."
    (WSJ, 4/2/01, p.A1)
2001        Mar 31, In Russia some 20,000 people gathered in Pushkin Square to defend the NTV network from the government’s 10-month financial and legal campaign against it.
    (SSFC, 4/1/01, p.C2)
2001        Mar 31, In Serbia commandos stormed the residence of Slobodan Milosevic and attempted to arrest him as the US deadline for cooperation with the UN War Crimes tribunal approached. But a defiant Milosevic rejected a warrant, reportedly telling police he wouldn't "go to jail alive." He was taken into custody the next day.
    (SFC, 3/31/01, p.A1)(AP, 3/31/02)
2001        Mar 31, In Taiwan the Dalai Lama arrived for a spiritual visit.
    (SFC, 4/2/01, p.A9)
2001        Mar 31, In Turkey thousands rallied in major cities to protest a government economic recovery plan backed by the IMF.
    (SSFC, 4/1/01, p.C10)

2001        Mar, Apple Corp. introduced the Mac OS X.
    (SFC, 1/24/04, p.A12)
2001        Mar, In Rotenberg, Germany, Armin Meiwes (39) killed and ate Bernd Juergen Brandes (43) by agreement. In 2004 Meiwes was convicted of manslaughter and sentenced to 8 ½ years in prison. A Frankfurt court in May 2006 overturned that conviction and threw out the defense argument that Meiwes had acted on his victim's request. In 2008 Meiwes was sentenced to life in prison after a court rejected his appeal.
    (SFC, 1/31/04, p.A1)(AP, 10/24/08)
2001        Mar, Billiton, a South African mining company, and Broken Hill Proprietary (BHP), an Australian rival, revealed plans to merge.
    (Econ, 8/21/10, p.56)

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