Timeline 2003 October - December

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2003        Oct 1, The United States took over the month-long presidency of the U.N. Security Council at a time when it was campaigning for approval of a new resolution aimed at getting more countries to contribute troops and money to Iraq.
    (AP, 10/1/04)
2003        Oct 1, Conservative commentator Rush Limbaugh resigned from ESPN, three days after saying Philadelphia Eagles quarterback Donovan McNabb is overrated because the media wanted to see a black quarterback succeed.
    (AP, 10/2/03)
2003        Oct 1, US officials identified Abu Hazim al-Sha'ir (29), a Yemeni ex-bodyguard of Osama bin Laden, as al Qaeda's new terror chief.
    (WSJ, 10/2/03, p.A1)
2003        Oct 1, A federal judge in Texas ruled that former Enron Chairman Kenneth Lay and Northern Trust Corp., can be sued for allegedly failing to protect the Enron employee pension plan.
    (WSJ, 10/2/03, p.A1)
2003        Oct 1, Robert Dynes assumed the office of president of the Univ. of California.
    (SFC, 8/14/07, p.A4)
2003        Oct 1, California state car license fees increased $150 from $73 to $223.
    (SFC, 9/29/03, p.A1)
2003        Oct 1, California approved a phosphite product developed by Agrichem of Australia to treat sudden oak death.
    (SFC, 10/3/03, p.A17)
2003        Oct 1, Thousands of postal workers in London began a 24-hour strike that was expected to cause huge disruption to mail deliveries.
    (AP, 10/1/03)
2003        Oct 1, Burkina Faso arrested 12 people in connection with an alleged coup plot.
    (AP, 10/7/03)
2003        Oct 1, In southern Chechnya gunmen opened fire on a car carrying the mayor of a town, killing the local leader and his son, who was a police officer.
    (AP, 10/2/03)
2003        Oct 1, In China new rules took effect that eliminate a requirement for couples to get the permission of their employers before they tie the knot.
    (AP, 10/1/03)
2003        Oct 1, Prime Minister Bertie Ahern said Ireland will ban smoking from all workplaces, including pubs, in January despite rising opposition from lawmakers and business owners.
    (AP, 10/1/03)
2003        Oct 1, In Liberia West African forces traded their camouflage helmets Wednesday for the blue ones of the UN. Hours later clashes flared between rebels and loyalist forces in Monrovia, leaving three civilians dead.
    (Reuters, 10/1/03)
2003        Oct 1, In Rwanda the ruling party of President Paul Kagame won nearly three-fourths of the vote the multiparty legislative elections since independence from Belgium in 1962.
    (AP, 10/1/03)
2003        Oct 1,  Solomon Islands Foreign Minister Laurie Chan said an Australian-led force has broken the reign of gangsters and warlords terrorizing the Islands, paving the way for the small South Pacific nation to start battling corruption.
    (AP, 10/1/03)
2003        Oct 1, In southwestern Zimbabwe a bus overturned and crashed after a tire burst, killing 16 people and injuring at least 28 in the second serious bus crash in Zimbabwe in 24 hours.
    (AP, 10/3/03)

2003        Oct 2, The annual Ig Noble prizes were awarded at Harvard Univ.
    (SFC, 10/6/03, p.A1)
2003        Oct 2, South Africa's J.M. Coetzee, whose stories tell of innocents and outcasts oppressed by the cruel weight of history, won the 2003 Nobel Prize for literature. His books included "Dusklands" (1974), "In the heart of the Country" (1977), "Waiting for the Barbarians" (1980), "Life and Times of Michael K" (1983) and "Disgrace" (1999).
    (AP, 10/2/03)(WSJ, 10/14/03, p.D10)
2003        Oct 2, The US House voted 281-142 to prohibit doctors from carrying out what abortion opponents call partial birth abortion.
    (AP, 10/2/04)
2003        Oct 2, The Los Angeles Times published allegations that California gubernatorial candidate Arnold Schwarzenegger had sexually harassed six women in the past; the actor acknowledged "bad behavior" on his part, and apologized.
    (LAT, 10/2/03)
2003        Oct 2, John Dunlop (89), former Labor Secretary died.
    (AP, 10/2/04)
2003        Oct 2, In Bahrain assailants hurled gasoline bombs at a busload of police officers, wounding five of them.
    (AP, 10/3/03)
2003        Oct 2, Two Canadian peacekeepers were killed and three were injured in a land-mine blast in the Afghan capital Kabul.
    (Reuters, 10/2/03)
2003        Oct 2, In Haiti police trying to raid a shantytown touched off a gunfight that killed five men in the city of Gonaives.
    (AP, 10/3/03)
2003        Oct 2, North Korea said it is using plutonium extracted from spent nuclear fuel rods to make atomic weapons.
    (AP, 10/2/03)
2003        Oct 2, Pakistan's army launched its largest offensive against al-Qaida and other militants in a rugged tribal region bordering Afghanistan, killing at least 12 suspects.
    (AP, 10/2/03)

2003        Oct 3, In Las Vegas a tiger attacked magician Roy Horn of Siegfried & Roy during a performance. It was Horn's 59th birthday.
    (SFC, 10/4/03, p.A1)
2003        Oct 3, William Steig (95), an illustrator for The New Yorker who was known as the "King of Cartoons" for his award-winning, best-selling children's books including "Shrek," died.
    (AP, 10/4/03)
2003        Oct 3, Afghan civilians accidentally set off an explosive inside a home near Bagram Air Base American military headquarters, killing seven people and wounding six others.
    (AP, 10/3/03)
2003        Oct 3, The first tanker set off from the Cameroon port of Kribi with crude oil from a massive $3.7 billion, 665-mile pipeline from the landlocked nation of Chad.
    (AP, 10/6/03)
2003        Oct 3, Oswaldo Paya, top democracy activist, launched a new challenge to Fidel Castro's government as part of the Varela Project, turning in more than 14,000 signatures of people seeking a human rights referendum just six months after a crackdown on the opposition.
    (AP, 10/4/03)
2003        Oct 3, In Iraq US Army Spc. Jeremy C. Sivits began photographing Iraqi prisoner abuse at Abu Ghraib prison. He was under instruction from MP Cpl. Charles A. Graner to not say anything. In 2007 Lt. Col. Steven Lee Jordan (50), who ran the interrogation center at Abu Ghraib, was court-martialed on 8 charges including cruelty and maltreatment of prisoners. In 2008 Philip Gourevitch and Errol Morris authored “Standard Operating Procedure" and produced a documentary film covering the Abu Ghraib abuses. [See Jan 13, 2004]
    (SFC, 5/14/04, p.A12)(SFC, 1/27/07, p.A9)(Econ, 5/17/08, p.102)
2003        Oct 3, Pakistan test-launched a missile capable of carrying a nuclear warhead, saying it was the first in a series of tests scheduled for the next few days.
    (AP, 10/3/03)
2003        Oct 3, In Karachi, Pakistan, gunmen opened fire on a bus carrying Shiite Muslim employees of Pakistan's space agency, killing six and wounding at least six others.
    (AP, 10/3/03)
2003        Oct 3, In Sri Lanka the US Embassy said it has re-designated the Tamil Tigers as a terrorist organization, despite an ongoing peace process between the Sri Lankan government and the rebels.
    (AP, 10/4/03)

2003        Oct 4, A U.S. military source said Polish troops had discovered and destroyed French-made anti-aircraft missiles in Iraq. France swiftly denied selling any weapons to Iraq in violation of a U.N. arms embargo and had stopped making the Roland missiles 15 years ago.
    (AP, 10/4/03)
2003        Oct 4, Sid McMath (91), former 2-term governor of Arkansas, died.
    (WSJ, 10/6/03, p.A1)
2003        Oct 4, In southwest Brazil a small airplane carrying congressman Rep. Jose Carlos Martinez and three others went missing. All 4 were found dead the next day.
    (AP, 10/4/03)(AP, 10/5/03)
2003        Oct 4, In London James Forlong (44), a former Sky News television correspondent who resigned after he admitted faking parts of a report on the war in Iraq, was found dead at his home in a possible suicide.
    (AP, 10/6/03)
2003        Oct 4, Eight Indonesian soldiers plummeted into the ocean and were presumed dead after a helicopter crew cut the ropes carrying them during rehearsal of a mid-air stunt.
    (AP, 10/4/03)
2003        Oct 4, In Haifa, Israel, Hanadi Jaradat (29), a female Palestinian lawyer, blew herself up in a crowded Mediterranean beach restaurant, killing 21 people including 4 children. A brother and cousin, Jihad terrorists, had been killed in June. Her suicide inspired a piece of installation art in 2004 at the Stockholm Museum titled "Snow White and the Madness of Truth."
    (WSJ, 10/7/03, p.A1)(SFC, 10/11/03, p.A7)(WSJ, 1/22/04, p.D6)(AP, 10/4/04)
2003        Oct 4, In Italy anti-globalization demonstrators set fire to an employment agency, smashed cars and windows and hurled insults at government headquarters in Rome.
    (AP, 10/4/03)
2003        Oct 4, A shipment of uranium-enriching centrifuge gear was seized at the Italian port of Taranto in 2003, forcing Libya to admit and eventually renounce its efforts to acquire nuclear weapons. In 2009 Urs Tinner, suspected of involvement in the world's biggest nuclear smuggling ring, said in a Swiss TV documentary that he tipped off US intelligence about a delivery of centrifuge parts meant for Libya's nuclear weapons program.
    (http://articles.latimes.com/2004/nov/28/world/fg-network28)(WSJ, 12/31/03, p.A1)(AP, 1/22/09)

2003        Oct 5, The Chicago Cubs won their first postseason series since 1908 when they beat Atlanta 5-1 in the decisive Game 5 of the National League playoffs.
    (AP, 10/5/04)
2003        Oct 5, The MacArthur Foundation named 24 winners of its annual fellowship award. Historians Eve Troutt Powell (42) of the Univ. of Georgia and Anders Winroth (38) of Yale Univ. were among the winners.
    (USAT, 9/22/03, p.7D)
2003        Oct 5, In Atlanta, Georgia, Shelia Chaney Wilson (43), shot and killed her mother, minister and herself in the sanctuary of the Turner Monumental AME Church.
    (SFC, 10/6/03, p.A3)
2003        Oct 5, Elections organized by Moscow were held in Chechnya. Some 200,000 dead Chechens remained on the electoral lists. Akhmad Kadyrov, chief of the pro-Russian administration enjoyed a 13% popularity.
    (WSJ, 10/2/03, p.A16)(AP, 10/5/03)
2003        Oct 5, In Port-Au-Prince, Haiti, landslides caused by heavy rains swept down on poor areas of the capital, killing at least 12 people and leaving dozens of others homeless.
    (AP, 10/6/03)
2003        Oct 5, Israeli warplanes bombed the Ein Saheb base northwest of Damascus, Syria, in retaliation for a suicide bombing at a Haifa restaurant. Israeli military called it an Islamic Jihad training base. Residents later told the Associated Press the camp was abandoned years ago.
    (AP, 10/5/03)(AP, 10/6/03)
2003        Oct 5, Ministers of the 10-member Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) met ahead of a leaders' summit on Indonesia's resort island of Bali, with leaders of China, India, Japan and South Korea joining the bloc to sign trade and security accords.
    (AP, 10/5/03)
2003        Oct 5, In Malaysian Borneo armed kidnappers riding in a speedboat raided a remote resort, seizing six people before escaping.
    (AP, 10/6/03)
2003        Oct 5, Valentina Matvienko was elected gov. of St. Petersburg. Turnout was under 30%.
    (Econ, 10/11/03, p.54)
2003        Oct 5, Pope John Paul II declared three missionaries to be saints: Daniele Comboni, an Italian; Arnold Janssen, a German; and Josef Freinademetz, an Austrian.
    (AP, 10/5/03)
2003        Oct 5, In Somalia  Annalena Tonelli (60), an Italian aid worker who dedicated 33 years of her life to helping Somalis, was shot and killed outside the hospital she founded to treat tuberculosis patients.
    (AP, 10/6/03)

2003        Oct 6, The annual Nobel Prize in Medicine went to Paul C. Lauterbur (74) of the Univ. of Illinois and Sir Peter Mansfield (69) of the Univ. of Nottingham, for their work that led to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
    (SFC, 10/7/03, p.A2)
2003        Oct 6, Pres. Bush met with Kenya's Pres. Kibaki, who asked for help in stabilizing Somalia.
    (WSJ, 10/7/03, p.A1)
2003        Oct 6, Democrat Bob Graham announced on CNN's "Larry King Live" that he was ending his presidential campaign.
    (AP, 10/6/04)
2003        Oct 6, A fire in Yazoo City, Miss., left 5 children (1½-10) dead. Their mothers were at a nightclub.
    (SFC, 10/7/03, p.A1)
2003        Oct 6, In Argentina newly released archives of police intelligence, first discovered in 1998 behind a wall in a building that now houses the Commission for Memory, indicated that police infiltrated unions and dissident groups before and during the 1976-83 military dictatorship, monitoring tens of thousands of people for a quarter of a century.
    (AP, 10/6/03)   
2003        Oct 6, In Chechnya Akhmad Kadyrov was declared the winner in the region's presidential vote. Human rights advocates questioned the fairness of a vote held during a war and said the election was heavily tilted in favor of Kadyrov, whose personal security service is widely feared and accused of kidnappings and killings.
    (AP, 10/6/03)
2003        Oct 6, In southeastern Colombia FARC guerrillas assassinated two town mayors, Orlando Hoyos and Jaime Zambrano, after they met with rebels in a mountain hideout.
    (AP, 10/8/03)
2003        Oct 6, In northeastern Congo dozens of tribal fighters attacked Katchele village with assault rifles and machetes, killing at least 65 people, mainly children, looting property and setting huts on fire.
    (AP, 10/7/03)
2003        Oct 6, Roadside bombings in central Iraq killed three U.S. soldiers and an Iraqi interpreter and wounded six other service members.
    (AP, 10/7/03)
2003        Oct 6, In Pakistan gunmen assassinated Maulana Azam Tariq, a hardline Sunni Muslim politician and four other people, spraying their car with automatic weapon-fire before fleeing.
    (AP, 10/6/03)
2003        Oct 6, Elisabeta Rizea (91), a Romanian anti-communist resistance fighter whose defiance of the regime made her a symbol of the fight against tyranny, died.
    (AP, 10/7/03)

2003        Oct 7, The US dollar fell to 7-year lows against the Canadian dollar and near a six-year trough against the Australian dollar.
    (Reuters, 10/7/03)
2003        Oct 7, California voters recalled Gov. Davis. Among the replacement candidates, Arnold Schwarzenegger won with 3.74 million votes or 49%. Propositions 53 on racial privacy and 54 on state infrastructure funding were defeated.
    (AP, 10/8/03)(SFC, 10/8/03, p.A1)(SFC, 10/9/03, p.A15)
2003        Oct 7, Three scientists who worked separately to explain the nature of matter at extremely low temperatures won the 2003 Nobel Prize for Physics. Russians Vitaly Ginzburg (87), Alexei Abrikosov (75) and British-born Anthony Leggett (65), worked on theories that led to the development of magnetic imaging scanners.
    (Reuters, 10/7/03)(SFC, 10/8/03, p.A2)
2003         Oct 7, A £4bn deal to create a single company to run ITV, Britain's only fully commercial national TV network, was given the go-ahead by the government, heralding a new era in commercial television.
    (http://media.guardian.co.uk/broadcast/story/0,7493,1057710,00.html)
2003        Oct 7, Israel "Izzy" Asper (71), the colorful, controversial, jazz-loving founder of Canada's largest newspaper publisher, died. He created CanWest Capital, Western Canada's 1st merchant bank and founded television station CKND. He bought out Toronto-based Global TV and turned it into a national network, CanWest Global Comm.
    (AP, 10/8/03)(SFC, 10/11/03, p.A19)
2003        Oct 7, In southern India an overloaded ferry carrying 50 people capsized in the storm-tossed Krishna River, killing at least 18 passengers.
    (AP, 10/7/03)
2003        Oct 7, In Bali southeast Asian leaders from 10 ASEAN nations signed a landmark accord that would pull together their disparate region into a European-style economic community in less than two decades.
    (AP, 10/7/03)
2003        Oct 7, Anerood Jugnauth (b.1930) became president of Mauritius.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anerood_Jugnauth)
2003        Oct 7, A ferry hit a bridge in eastern Nigeria and capsized. Dozens were believed dead.
    (AP, 10/11/03)
2003        Oct 7, Yasser Arafat swore in new Palestinian Prime Minister Ahmed Qureia and a skeleton emergency Cabinet.
    (AP, 10/7/03)
2003        Oct 7, In the Philippines a detained Muslim terror suspect grabbed a guard's rifle and opened fire at police headquarters in Manila, killing three officers and wounding three others before he was fatally shot.
    (AP, 10/7/03)
2003        Oct 7, Turkey's parliament voted overwhelmingly to allow Turkish troops to be sent to Iraq.
    (AP, 10/7/04)

2003        Oct 8, Americans Peter Agre and Roderick MacKinnon won the Nobel Prize in chemistry for studies of tiny transportation tunnels in cell walls, work that illuminates diseases of the heart, kidneys and nervous system.
    (AP, 10/8/03)
2003        Oct 8, The Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel was awarded to American Robert F. Engle (60) of NY Univ. and Briton Clive W.G. Granger (1934-2009) of visiting scholar at Canterbury Univ. in New Zealand for their work in statistical techniques to measure investment risk and track economic trends.
    (WSJ, 10/9/03, p.A2)(USAT, 10/9/03, p.8B)(SFC, 6/3/09, p.B5)
2003        Oct 8, In Arizona officials at Safford Middle School strip-searched Savana Redding (13) after she was suspected of distributing 4 ibuprofen pills. In 2009 the US Supreme Court ruled 8-1 that the school officials had violated her rights.
    (SFC, 6/26/09, p.A8)(www.freebase.com/view/guid/9202a8c04000641f800000000b8d2720)
2003        Oct 8,  A day after being elected governor of California, Arnold Schwarzenegger said he was promised "a very smooth transition" by ousted Gov. Gray Davis and vowed to "open up the books" in dealing the state's ailing economy.
    (AP, 10/8/08)
2003        Oct 8, Jarome Iginla of the Calgary Flames was tabbed to become the first black captain in NHL history.
    (AP, 10/8/08)
2003        Oct 8, In Colombia a car bomb exploded in a black-market shopping district in downtown Bogota, killing at least six people and wounding 12.
    (AP, 10/8/03)
2003        Oct 8, China was reported to have taken the first step toward recognizing the Himalayan territory of Sikkim as a part of India, resolving a long-standing border dispute. Sikkim, located between Nepal and the kingdom of Bhutan, was an independent principality before it was annexed by India in 1975.
    (AP, 10/8/03)
2003        Oct 8, In Indonesia a semi-trailer veered out of its lane and crashed head-on into a school bus near Situbondo. The death toll from a school bus crash reached 54 and police said they had launched a search for a truck driver.
    (AP, 10/9/03)
2003        Oct 8, Vietnam and the United States tentatively agreed to allow the first commercial flights between the two countries since the end of the Vietnam War.
    (AP, 10/8/03)

2003        Oct 9, The new peach and blue redesigned US $20 bill made its debut.
    (WSJ, 10/10/03, p.C3)
2003        Oct 9, Scientists in Nature reported that certain types of Navy sonar use was responsible for whale deaths due to beaching.
    (SFC, 10/9/03, p.A4)
2003        Oct 9, Rival warlords in northern Afghanistan said that they had reached a truce after fighting killed dozens of people.
    (AP, 10/9/03)
2003        Oct 9, In Santo Antonio de Jesus in Bahia state, Brazil, gunmen shot and killed Gerson de Jesus Bispo, a man who spoke to a UN investigator about police death squads.
    (AP, 10/10/03)
2003         Oct 9, A British judge ruled that former residents of the Chagos archipelago have no right to return home or get compensation. Britain had leased Diego Garcia, the main island, to the US in the late 1960s and barred anyone from entering the archipelago except by permit.
    (AP, 10/9/03)
2003        Oct 9, Miners angry about a proposal to export oil through Chile clashed with riot troops near the Bolivian capital. At least two people were killed and nine were hurt.
    (AP, 10/9/03)
2003        Oct 9, In central China an underground flood in a coal mine trapped 18 miners.
    (AP, 10/10/03)
2003        Oct 9, A suicide car bomber crashed a white Oldsmobile into a police station in Sadr City, Iraq's largest Shiite Muslim enclave, killing himself, 8 others and wounding as many as 45. Kirk von Ackerman (37), US army contractor, disappeared between Tikrit and Kirkuk. It was later reported that Von Ackerman was about to report on kickbacks to a US Army officer in Iraq. On Dec 14 Ackerman’s associate Ryan Manelick was shot to death near Camp Anaconda. Jose Antonio Bernal Gomez, Spanish military attache, was shot to death in Baghdad.
    (AP, 10/9/03)(SFC, 10/10/03, p.A1)(AP, 10/9/04)(AP, 10/9/08)(SFC, 11/11/03, p.A1)(SSFC, 2/13/05, p.A14)
2003        Oct 9, Japan's PM Junichiro Koizumi ordered the lower house of Parliament dissolved, paving the way for national elections that he's counting on to strengthen his party.
    (AP, 10/9/03)
2003        Oct 9, Russia's defense minister assured NATO that Moscow is not adopting a more aggressive nuclear stance and remains committed to cooperation with the Western alliance.
    (AP, 10/9/03)
2003        Oct 9, In Russia Alexei Sidorov, editor of the Togliatti Review, died in his wife's arms after being stabbed several times in a parking lot hear his home. He was the sixth Togliatti journalist slain in an apparent contract killing in recent years.
    (AP, 10/10/03)
2003        Oct 9, In northeastern Uganda rebels attacked a refugee camp, killing 15 people, including four guards.
    (AP, 10/9/03)

2003        Oct 10, Human rights activist Shirin Ebadi (56) won the 2003 Nobel Peace Prize. It was the first peace prize for an Iranian, and first for a Muslim woman.
    (AP, 10/10/03)
2003        Oct 10, Conservative commentator Rush Limbaugh announced during his syndicated radio show that he was addicted to painkillers and was checking into a rehab center.
    (AP, 10/10/04)
2003        Oct 10, In southern Afghanistan 41 Taliban militants escaped from prison by digging a 30-foot-long tunnel with apparent help from officials.
    (AP, 10/11/03)
2003        Oct 10, A Central African Republic national forum recommended posthumous forgiveness for despot Jean-Bedel Bokassa (d.1996), whose 13-year rule (1966-1979) ruined the country. The vote followed an apology by Bokassa's son Jean-Serge (31). About 60 legitimate children of Bokassa had mandated one of their number, Jean-Serge Bokassa, to sit as a delegate in a reconciliation forum called the "National Dialogue." There, he asked "forgiveness for the wrong" done by his father and called for his rehabilitation because he had helped to build the country.
    (SFC, 10/11/03, p.A2)(AFP, 12/3/10)
2003        Oct 10, Near Genova, Colombia, suspected leftist guerrillas gunned down two candidates for upcoming state and mayoral elections. Police found the bodies of Jairo Gomez, a mayoral contender in the city of Genova, and Julio Cesar Castennanos, the next day.
    (AP, 10/11/03)
2003        Oct 10, Former Guyana vice president and first lady Viola Burnham (72) died after a prolonged battle with cancer. She served as vice president and deputy PM from 1985-1991.
    (AP, 10/11/03)
2003        Oct 10, In Sadr City, Iraq, 2 Americans and 2 Iraqis were killed in a gunfight.
    (SFC, 10/11/03, p.A12)
2003        Oct 10, Israel sent dozens of tanks into a Gaza refugee camp to destroy tunnels allegedly used by Palestinians to smuggle weapons. Israeli forces killed seven Palestinians, including an eight-year-old boy, in the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 10/10/03)(Reuters, 10/10/03)
2003        Oct 10, It was reported that members of an elite Mexican army unit have deserted and formed a drug gang, using their military training to launch a violent battle for control of Nuevo Laredo. An estimated 31 of 350 members of the Special Air Mobile Force Group, posted to the border state of Tamaulipas in the 1990s, had deserted and joined the drug turf war.
    (AP, 10/10/03)
2003        Oct 10, Morocco's king announced plans to grant new rights to women regarding marriage and divorce, reforms aimed at modernizing Moroccan society.
    (AP, 10/10/03)
2003        Oct 10, In Peru a passenger bus plunged off a 1,000-foot cliff in the Andes mountains, killing at least 30 people and wounding 17.
    (AP, 10/11/03)
2003        Oct 10, Spain's new Madrid-Leida bullet train made its maiden journey. The train had an average speed of 108 mph, with a peak of 124 mph. This was slower than the intended average speed of 186 mph with peaks of 217 mph.
    (AP, 10/11/03)

2003        Oct 11, Clerks for three major supermarket chains in Southern California began a four-and-a-half-month strike after negotiations with store officials broke off.
    (AP, 10/11/04)
2003        Oct 11, A team of 18 doctors in Dallas, Texas, began a complicated separation surgery in an attempt to give Ahmed and Mohamed Ibrahim, 2-year-old conjoined twins from Egypt, a chance at independent lives. The 34-hour went well.
    (AP, 10/11/03)(SSFC, 10/11/03, p.A2)(SFC, 10/14/03, p.A3)
2003        Oct 11, Ivan A. Getting (91), a Cold War scientist who conceived the Global Positioning Satellite system, died in Coronado, Calif.
    (AP, 10/11/04)
2003        Oct 11, Bolivia’s Pres. Gonzalo Sanchez de Lozada and two of his ministers, Carlos Sanchez Berzain and Jorge Berindoague, signed Supreme Decree No. 27209 directing the military to break up demonstrations that blocked fuel truck access to the city of La Paz.
    (www.boliviasolidarity.org/takeaction/latestactions/sanfran)
2003        Oct 11, In China the 16th Communist Party Congress began in Beijing. The 4-day meeting included debates on reforms toward private property, a more stable legal system and measures to encourage private investments.
    (SSFC, 10/11/03, p.A3)
2003        Oct 11, It was reported that a worsening drought in Fiji has caused thousands of people to lose water supplies, with large parts of Suva receiving water by truck.
    (SSFC, 10/11/03, p.C10)
2003        Oct 11, The French government and its main opposition joined in supporting school officials who expelled two sisters for refusing to remove traditional Islamic headscarves in class.
    (AP, 10/11/03)
2003        Oct 11, Israeli forces killed a Palestinian and razed dozens of homes in a Gaza Strip refugee camp as Israeli opposition politicians and Palestinian officials sought to revive peace talks.
    (AP, 10/11/03)(Reuters, 10/11/03)
2003        Oct 11, In Italy 4-month-old twin Greek girls joined at the temple were successfully separated after a 13 hour operation at a Rome hospital.
    (AP, 10/12/03)(SFC, 10/15/03, p.A2)
2003        Oct 11, A Lebanese woman gave birth to sextuplets, four girls and two boys.
    (AP, 10/11/03)
2003        Oct 11, In Malaysia delegates from Islamic nations gathered in the new administrative capital of Putrajaya with Iraq as a center piece of discussion.
    (SSFC, 10/11/03, p.A3)
2003        Oct 11, In Nepal at least 3 policemen and 35 Maoist rebels were killed in an overnight battle as the rebels resumed attacks on government forces after a 9-day cease-fire.
    (AP, 10/11/03)

2003        Oct 12, Some 70,000 employees of Ralphs, Vons and Albertsons grocery stores began a strike in southern California, Missouri, Kentucky, West Virginia and Ohio. Health care costs were a main issue. Workers approved an agreement for southern California on Feb 29, 2004.
    (SFC, 10/14/03, p.B2)(SFC, 11/5/03, p.B1)(SFC, 3/1/04, p.A5)
2003        Oct 12, Doctors in Dallas succeeded in separating two-year-old Egyptian conjoined twins.
    (AP, 10/12/04)
2003        Oct 12, Some 70,000 employees of Ralphs, Vons and Albertsons grocery stores began a strike in southern California, Missouri, Kentucky, West Virginia and Ohio. Health care costs were a main issue. Workers approved an agreement for southern California on Feb 29, 2004.
    (SFC, 10/14/03, p.B2)(SFC, 11/5/03, p.B1)(SFC, 3/1/04, p.A5)
2003        Oct 12, Joan Kroc (75), widow of McDonald's founder Ray Kroc, died near San Diego. On Nov 6 it was announced that she had left over $200 million for National Public Radio.
    (SFC, 11/7/03, p.A2)
2003        Oct 12, Bill Shoemaker (72), Hall of Fame jockey, died in San Marino, Calif.
    (AP, 10/12/04)
2003        Oct 12, In Baku, Azerbaijan, some 50,000 people protested Pres. Aliev's attempt to transfer power to his son in upcoming elections.
    (SFC, 10/13/03, p.A11)
2003        Oct 12, In  Belarus a patient at a mental hospital set fire to the building, killing 30 people and injuring 31.
    (AP, 10/12/03)
2003        Oct 12, In Bolivia violence erupted at El Alto when the military tried to break a blockade against gas trucks bound for Chile. The death toll grew to 59 after 4 days of clashes at El Alto. Finance Ministry officials began a 3-day withdrawal of 13.7 million bolivianos (US$1.8 million). In 2006 Marcela Nogales, the central bank manager, was jailed for releasing the money, which facilitated a military crackdown. In 2011 Bolivia's highest court convicted five former top military commanders of genocide for an army crackdown on the riots that killed at least 64 civilians. It gave them prison sentences ranging from 10 to 15 years.
    (http://tinyurl.com/onpns)(SFC, 10/15/03, p.A11)(Econ, 10/18/03, p.38)(AP, 9/6/06)(AP, 8/30/11)
2003        Oct 12, British wartime hero Patrick Dalzel-Job, whose exploits made him a model for James Bond, died in Plockton, Scotland, at age 90.
    (AP, 10/12/04)
2003        Oct 12, In China  Ma Yong (43), was arrested and accused of robbing and killing 12 women in southern China over a five-month period, preying on job seekers in the boomtown of Shenzhen. Duan Zhiqun (20), his female partner, was arrested Oct 23.
    (AP, 11/11/03)
2003        Oct 12, In southern China an explosion in a coal mine killed 7 miners, while the bodies of 4 miners killed in an underground flood were pulled from a shaft in a central province.
    (AP, 10/12/03)
2003        Oct 12, In Colombia government forces battled rebels and right-wing paramilitaries in several locations in heavy fighting that killed 27 gunmen and two soldiers.
    (AP, 10/13/03)
2003        Oct 12, Germany won the Women's Soccer World Cup 2-1 over Sweden in the eighth minute of overtime.
    (AP, 10/12/08)
2003        Oct 12, In Baghdad a suicide attacker, stopped from reaching a hotel full of Americans, detonated his car bomb on a commercial avenue, killing six bystanders and wounding dozens.
    (AP, 10/12/03)
2003        Oct 12, Renato Rinino (41), a professional Italian thief who gained notoriety for stealing jewelry from Prince Charles' London palace in 1994, was shot and killed in Savona.
    (AP, 10/12/03)
2003        Oct 12, In the Philippines Fathur Rohman Al-Ghozi, terrorist bombmaker for Jemaah Islamiyah, was killed in a shootout with police in Pigcauayan.
    (SFC, 10/13/03, p.A7)
2003        Oct 12, In northern Spain 2 bombs exploded in a parking lot, destroying 11 freight trucks. No one was injured in the blast blamed on the armed Basque separatist group ETA,
    (AP, 10/12/03)
2003        Oct 12, Taiwan's dwindling number of diplomatic allies shrank by one as Liberia switched ties to the island's rival, China. This reduced Taiwan's recognition to 26 nations, most of them small, developing countries in Africa and Latin America.
    (AP, 10/12/03)

2003        Oct 13, The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation said it was doubling to $200 million the prevention funds for HIV and AIDS in India.
    (AP, 10/14/03)
2003        Oct 13, It was reported that scientists in North Carolina had built a brain implant that lets monkeys control a robotic arm with their thoughts.
    (SFC, 10/13/03, p.A1)
2003        Oct 13, Ohio Democratic congressman Dennis Kucinich formally kicked off his presidential bid.
    (AP, 10/13/04)
2003        Oct 13, Texas Gov. Rick Perry signed into law a controversial redistricting bill designed to put more Republicans in the Texas congressional delegation.
    (AP, 10/13/04)
2003        Oct 13, In Louisiana a bus crash on I-20 killed 8 members of a Texas church group after the driver fell asleep.
    (WSJ, 10/14/03, p.A1)
2003        Oct 13, Hundreds of Afghan troops backed by U.S. soldiers and helicopters attacked a suspected Taliban hide-out, killing at least 4 rebels and capturing 8 others.
    (AP, 10/14/03)
2003        Oct 13, Bolivia's Pres. Gonzalo Sanchez de Lozada dropped plans to export natural gas in the face of massive protests that left 18 dead.
    (SFC, 10/14/03, p.A3)(WSJ, 10/14/03, p.A1)
2003        Oct 13, In western Nepal Communist rebels attacked a police training camp overnight, sparking a gunbattle that left at least 12 policemen and 15 guerrillas dead.
    (AP, 10/13/03)
2003        Oct 13, In Nepal soldiers stormed a high school that had been taken over by rebels in a mountain village, starting a gunbattle that left at least 11 insurgents and four students dead.
    (AP, 10/14/03)
2003        Oct 13, Paraguay's president named a new interior minister, in a change spurred by a contraband scandal.
    (AP, 10/13/03)
2003        Oct 13, The Saudi Cabinet announced that first-ever elections would be held for local councils in 14 municipalities throughout the country.
    (AP, 10/14/03)
2003        Oct 13, In Sudan, Hassan Turabi, hard-line Islamic leader and top opposition figure, was pardoned after more than 2 years under house arrest as part of a release of political prisoners.
    (AP, 10/13/03)
2003        Oct 13, The UN Security Council approved a resolution expanding the NATO-led peacekeeping force in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 10/13/04)

2003        Oct 14, In Game Six of the National League Championship Series, a Cubs fan inadvertently deflected a foul ball away from the outstretched glove of Chicago outfielder Moises Alou; the Florida Marlins, down 3-0 at the time, rallied to win the game and went on to win Game 7 and advance to the World Series, where they beat the New York Yankees.
    (AP, 10/14/04)
2003        Oct 14, The US vetoed a U.N. Security Council resolution that would have condemned Israel for building a barrier that cut into the West Bank.
    (AP, 10/14/04)
2003        Oct 14, John Allen Muhammad pleaded innocent to murder as the first trial in the deadly Washington-area sniper rampage got under way in Virginia Beach, Va. Muhammad was later convicted and sentenced to death for killing Dean Harold Meyers.
    (AP, 10/14/04)
2003        Oct 14, It was reported that Los Alamos National Laboratory researchers proposed an elevator reaching 62,000 miles into the sky to launch payloads into space.
    (AP, 10/14/03)
2003        Oct 14, Ben Metcalfe, the 1st chairman of the Greenpeace Foundation (1970), died in BC, Canada.
    (SSFC, 10/19/03, p.A31)
2003        Oct 14, Afghan soldiers backed by U.S. troops and helicopters killed 7 Taliban and captured 12 others during a 2-day raid in southern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 10/15/03)
2003        Oct 14, In Bolivia demonstrations called for the resignation of Pres. Gonzalo Sanchez de Lozada as 30,000 marched in La Paz. [see Oct 12]
    (SFC, 10/15/03, p.A11)(Econ, 10/18/03, p.38)
2003        Oct 14, China's ruling communists closed a secretive 4-day meeting aimed at pushing ahead with market reforms and said a revision to the country's constitution had been endorsed.
    (AP, 10/14/03)
2003        Oct 14, In St. Marc, Haiti, protesters hurled rocks at police and blocked streets with flaming tire barricades for a 2nd day, demanding President Jean-Bertrand Aristide's resignation.
    (AP, 10/14/03)
2003        Oct 14, Across Honduras thousands of protesters blocked streets and burned tires to demand the government not renew a debt-payment agreement with the IMF.
    (AP, 10/14/03)
2003        Oct 14, In Baghdad a suicide bomber detonated a car packed with explosives near the Turkish Embassy, killing the driver and wounding more than a dozen others.
    (AP, 10/14/03)
2003        Oct 14, In Liberia businessman Gyude Bryant was sworn in as leader of the post-war government, taking up a 2-year term.
    (AP, 10/14/03)
2003        Oct 14, In Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, hundreds took to the streets demanding reforms, the first large-scale protest in this conservative kingdom where demonstrations are illegal.
    (AP, 10/14/03)

2003        Oct 15, The Florida Marlins defeated the Chicago Cubs 9-6 in game 7 for the National League pennant.
    (WSJ, 10/16/03, p.A1)
2003        Oct 15, FCC officials raided San Francisco Liberation Radio, a low-power FM station, and confiscated its equipment.
    (SFC, 10/21/03, p.D1)
2003        Oct 15, In Florida tube-feeding stopped for Terri Schiavo (39), brain-damaged since 1990, based on a court decision for its removal. Death was expected within 2 weeks. The tube was reinserted six days later after the Florida Legislature rushed through "Terri's Law," which was recently struck down by the Florida Supreme Court
    (Econ, 10/18/03, p.31)(AP, 10/15/04)
2003        Oct 15, A Staten Island ferry pilot lost consciousness before the vessel slammed into a pier, killing at least 10 people and injuring 42, including 3 who lost limbs. Pilot Richard J. Smith fled the scene and attempted suicide. Smith later pleaded guilty to 11 counts of manslaughter. In 2006 Smith was sentenced to 18 months in jail. Patrick Ryan, the ex-ferry director received a one year sentence.
    (AP, 10/16/03)(SFC, 10/16/03, p.A1)(AP, 10/15/04)(SFC, 1/10/06, p.A5)
2003        Oct 15, Azerbaijan held presidential elections.
    (WSJ, 10/15/03, p.A1)
2003        Oct 15, In China Shenzhou 5 launched into orbit with air force Lt. Col. Yang Liwei (38) aboard, making China the third nation to put a human in space on its own, after the former Soviet Union and the United States. The launch was made from the space center at Jiuquan. His capsule landed in Mongolia the next day.
    (AP, 10/15/03)(SFC, 10/16/03, p.A3)(SSFC, 7/15/07, p.D5)(Econ, 10/24/09, SR p.13)
2003        Oct 15, In the Gaza Strip a remote-controlled bomb exploded under a US diplomatic convoy, ripping apart an armored van and killing three Americans.
    (AP, 10/15/03)
2003        Oct 15, Japan pledged $1.5 billion in reconstruction aid next year for Iraq and more down the line despite economic woes at home.
    (AP, 10/15/03)
2003        Oct 15, In Iraq the new dinar was launched graced with the likeness of an ancient ruler and a 10th century mathematician. The Iraqi central bank had no tools to regulate currency value. Exchange of the old currency was set to end Jan 15.
    (SFC, 10/16/03, p.A12)(WSJ, 11/7/03, p.A10)
2003        Oct 15, NATO launched its elite rapid-reaction force, a prototype unit that will eventually become a 20,000-member force able to deploy in short notice anywhere in the world.
    (AP, 10/15/03)
2003        Oct 15, In Nicaragua radical students and teachers drove a truck through a gate and threw rocks and gasoline bombs at police guarding the legislature as part of a protest demanding more government spending for education.
    (AP, 10/16/03)
2003        Oct 15, Nigerian police returned 74 child workers to Benin. As young as 4 years old, their skin broken and palms callused from months of hauling granite, they received food, clothes and medical care in the West African state of Benin after being rescued from the traffickers who sold them into heavy labor. On Sept. 27 authorities brought back 116 children who had been put to work in the granite quarries of southwest Nigeria.
    (AP, 10/16/03)

2003        Oct 16, The New York Yankees won the American League Championship Series, defeating the Boston Red Sox 6-5 in Game 7.
    (AP, 10/16/04)
2003        Oct 16, Pres. Bush met with Calif. Gov-elect Arnold Schwarzenegger during a stopover at the start of a weeklong trip to Asia and Australia.
    (ST, 10/17/03, p.A5)
2003        Oct 16, The Bridgeport, Conn. Diocese announced a $21 million settlement with 40 people who said they had been molested by priests when they were children.
    (SFC, 10/17/03, p.A7)
2003        Oct 16, Alan Mulally, CEO of Boeing, announced that production of the Boeing 757 would end in late 2004.
    (ST, 10/17/03, p.A1)
2003        Oct 16, In Azerbaijan rioting protesters clashed with police in the capital, Baku, after Ilham Aliev was elected to succeed his father as president. At least 2 people were reported killed. The vote was marred by fraud. Closest rival Isa Gambar had 11% of the vote.
    (AP, 10/16/03)(SFC, 10/16/03, p.A3)(ST, 10/17/03, p.A14)
2003        Oct 16, Canada's 2 conservative parties agreed to unite to give the governing Liberal Party a competitive race in 2004 national elections.
    (SFC, 10/17/03, p.A3)
2003        Oct 16, In northern Colombia suspected paramilitary gunmen shot and killed Esperanza Amaris (40),  a women's rights activist.
    (AP, 10/17/03)
2003        Oct 16, Iraqi police backed by American tanks forced out the renegade Sadr City council.
    (WSJ, 10/20/03, p.A9)
22003        Oct 16, In Iraq 3 American soldiers were killed during a clash at a Shiite Muslim cleric's headquarters in Karbala.
    (AP, 10/16/04)
2003        Oct 16, Laos and Thailand signed a pact aimed at stamping out border attacks by unknown militants.
    (ST, 10/17/03, p.A13)
2003        Oct 16, Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad told a summit of Islamic leaders that "Jews rule the world by proxy" and the world's 1.3 billion Muslims should unite, using nonviolent means for a "final victory."
    (AP, 10/16/03)
2003        Oct 16, Palestinian police arrested 7 suspects in Jebaliya for a deadly attack on US diplomats, briefly exchanging fire with the militants during a nighttime raid. The suspects were members of the Popular Resistance Committees, a group of dozens of armed men from various factions, former members of the security forces and disgruntled followers of Yasser Arafat.
    (AP, 10/16/03)(WSJ, 10/17/03, p.A1)
2003        Oct 16, The UN Security Council unanimously adopted a resolution aimed at attracting aid to stabilize Iraq and putting it on the road to independence.
    (AP, 10/16/03)
2003        Oct 16, Pope John Paul II celebrated his 25th anniversary, reaching a milestone matched by only three of his predecessors.
    (AP, 10/16/03)

2003        Oct 17, Pres. Bush stopped in Tokyo and thanked PM Junichiro Koizumi for aid to Iraq.
    (WSJ, 10/17/03, p.A1)
2003        Oct 17, The US House and Senate voted to spend some $87 billion earmarked for securing peace and eliminating terrorist threats in Iraq and Afghanistan.
    (AP, 10/17/04)
2003        Oct 17, In Chicago government workers trapped in a burning downtown office tower frantically dialed 911 as they tried to make their way through smoke-filled staircases and hallways. 13 were found unconscious amid the smoke, 6 of them dead.
    (AP, 10/18/03)
2003        Oct 17, A new family of frogs was reported from the western India. The purple, burrowing frog family, named Nasikabatrachus sahydrensis, appeared to date back some 200 million years.
    (SFC, 10/17/03, p.A10)
2003        Oct 17, In eastern Afghanistan a bomb blew up a pickup truck on a dirt road, killing four people, and two Afghan soldiers were killed in a land mine explosion in the country's south.
    (AP, 10/19/03)
2003        Oct 17, Bolivia's Pres. Gonzalo Sanchez de Lozada (“Goni") resigned in a letter to Congress. VP Carlos Mesa, a moderate political unknown, took over the presidency. As one of Bolivia's top journalists, Mesa wrote a best-selling book, "Entre urnas y fusiles" (Between the Ballot Box and the Rifle), about the many presidents in this country's often tumultuous history.
    (Econ, 10/16/04, p.34)(www.boliviasolidarity.org/takeaction/latestactions/sanfran)
2003        Oct 17, The EU pushed ahead with efforts to build its own defense arm but sought to ease U.S. concerns by insisting the plan would neither duplicate nor undermine NATO.
    (AP, 10/17/03)
2003        Oct 17, German lawmakers approved an $18 billion tax cut for next year and reductions in jobless benefits.
    (AP, 10/17/03)
2003        Oct 17, In Iraq the deaths of 4 soldiers brought to 101 the number killed since Pres. Bush declared the end of major combat on May 1.
    (SFC, 10/18/03, p.A1)
2003        Oct 17, Taiwanese officials celebrated the completion of the world's tallest skyscraper after crews installed the pinnacle on the 1,676-foot-tall building.
    (AP, 10/17/03)

2003        Oct 18, The Florida Marlins won the first game of the World Series, defeating the New York  Yankees 3-2.
    (AP, 10/18/04)
2003        Oct 18, Pres. Bush addressed a special joint session of the Philippine Congress in Manila. Some 290 families lost their homes in a shantytown of the Batasan Hills, which faced the building where the address was to be held. Bush promised to help the Philippines defeat terrorism by aiding in the modernization of its under-equipped military. Thousands of university students and other activists marched to protest Bush's visit to Manila already tense over security concerns.
    (SFC, 10/17/03, p.A5)(AP, 10/18/03)(SSFC, 10/19/03, p.A3)
2003        Oct 18, In a new audiotape, a voice purported to be that of Osama bin Laden vowed suicide attacks "inside and outside" the United States and threatened nations that were helping the American occupation of Iraq.
    (AP, 10/19/08)
2003        Oct 18, India commandos raided a Srinagar, Kashmir, shopping center where suspected Islamic guerrillas were holed up, killing both men and ending a one-day standoff.
    (AP, 10/18/03)
2003        Oct 18, In Iran 6 Islamic vigilantes were sentenced to death for killing five people for allegedly having illicit sexual relationships. Judge Abdolreza Parvizi said he ordered the men to be hanged in public for the 2002 deaths of three men and two women in the city of Kerman.
    (AP, 10/18/03)
2003        Oct 18, In Iraq 2 U.S. soldiers were killed and one was wounded in an ambush north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 10/19/03)
2003        Oct 18, South Korea pledged to send more troops to Iraq but did not specify how many or whether they would be combat troops.
    (AP, 10/18/03)
2003        Oct 18, In Karachi, Pakistani, attackers riding motorcycles opened fire at a restaurant, killing three people in apparent gang violence.
    (AP, 10/19/03)
2003        Oct 18, In southern Gaza Israeli forces looking for smuggling tunnels killed 3 Palestinians, including a senior member of the violent Islamic Hamas group, and wounded 10.
    (AP, 10/18/03)(SSFC, 10/19/03, p.A11)
2003        Oct 18, Russia launched a Soyuz capsule from Kazakhstan with a 3-man crew for the int'l. space station. Aboard were an American, a Russian and a Spaniard.
    (SSFC, 10/19/03, p.A2)
2003        Oct 18, Manuel Vazquez Montalban (64), one of Spain's best-known authors and the creator of the Barcelona-based detective Pepe Carvalho, died.
    (AP, 10/19/03)
2003        cOct 18, In western Sudan 9 commercial hauling workers were killed during clashes between warring tribes. Recent fighting in Darfur had created more than 600,000 refugees.
    (AP, 10/26/03)(AP, 10/28/03)
2003        Oct 18, In Swaziland voters chose a new parliament in one of the world's last absolute monarchies, while pro-democracy groups denounced the vote as a sham. Political parties were banned and King Mswati III ruled by royal decree.
    (AP, 10/18/03)

2004         Oct 19, The New York Yankees defeated the Florida Marlins 6-1 to even the World Series at one game apiece.
    (AP, 10/19/04)
2003        Oct 19, President Bush met with Thailand's PM Thaksin Shinawatra and pressed him to help restore democracy in neighboring Myanmar. Some 1,000 protesters marched in downtown Bangkok on against a summit of 21 economic leaders.
    (AP, 10/19/03)(SFC, 10/20/03, p.A1)
2003        Oct 19, Pres. Bush said he would consider a deal promising not to attack North Korea as long as the guarantee is not a formal treaty.
    (SFC, 10/20/03, p.A1)
2003        Oct 19, Afghan movie "Osama" by director Siddiq Barmak won the top prize at Montreal's New Movie and New Media Festival, one of the first features produced in Afghanistan and nominated since the fall of the Taliban.
    (Reuters, 10/19/03)
2003        Oct 19, New York magician David Blaine left his clear plastic box and began recovering from 44 days dangling near the River Thames.
    (AP, 10/20/03)(SFC, 10/20/03, p.A2)
2003        Oct 19, In Bolivia Pres. Carlos Mesa swore in a new Cabinet with most ministers independent of the political establishment.
    (SFC, 10/20/03, p.A3)
2003        Oct 19, Alija Izetbegovic (78) died in Sarajevo. He led Bosnia's Muslims during the 1992-95 war for independence and became one of the republic's first postwar presidents.
    (AP, 10/19/03)
2003        Oct 19, In Chechnya Akhmad Kadyrov was inaugurated as president.
    (AP, 10/19/03)
2003        Oct 19, Colombian military killed Edgar Gustavo Navarro, the No. 2 leader of FARC, along with 10 others. The guerrilla commander was accused of kidnapping 3 US military contractors and carrying out a string of assassinations and bombings.
    (AP, 10/21/03)
2003        Oct 19, An Italian coast guard crew found 13 bodies on board a rickety wooden boat in waters off Sicily and 15 other would-be illegal Somali immigrants suffering from exposure and badly in need of food and water. Some 50 bodies were consigned to the sea before the boat was found.
    (AP, 10/20/03)(Econ, 10/25/03, p.48)
2003        Oct 19, Palestinian gunmen attacked an Israeli army foot patrol near a West Bank village, killing three soldiers and wounding a fourth.
    (AP, 10/19/03)
2003        Oct 19, In Romania government leaders held an emergency session as many voters avoided the polls, throwing into doubt a referendum on a new constitution aimed at helping the country join the European Union.
    (AP, 10/19/03)
2003        Oct 19, The nationalist Swiss People's Party won elections to become the leading party in the lower house of parliament.
    (AP, 10/19/03)(SFC, 10/20/03, p.A8)
2003        Oct 19, Pope John Paul beatified Mother Teresa before a crowd of 300,000.
    (AP, 10/19/03)

2003        Oct 20, President Bush pushed North Korea's nuclear threat to the forefront of a 21-nation Asia-Pacific summit in Thailand.
    (AP, 10/20/04)
2003        Oct 20, President Bush personally condemned the Malaysian prime minister for his statement that Jews rule the world, pulling Mahathir Mohamad aside at an international economic meeting to tell him the remarks were "wrong and divisive."
    (AP, 10/20/03)
2003        Oct 20, Pres. Bush met with Mexico's Pres. Vicente Fox in Thailand and asked him to set aside disputes over immigration and Iraq.
    (AP, 10/20/03)
2003        Oct 20, Bush administration officials said some $3 billion of Saddam Hussein's former government was being held in Syria and Lebanon.
    (AP, 10/21/03)
2003        Oct 20, The US deficit doubled to $374 billion in fiscal 2003 and was on track to exceed $500 billion for the year.
    (WSJ, 1/2/04, p.R12)
2003        Oct 20, Nathaniel Heatwole (20) was charged with a federal crime for hiding banned items on planes. He had e-mailed federal authorities regarding 6 security breaches on Sep 15.
    (SFC, 10/21/03, p.A7)
2003        Oct 20, A judge in Eagle, Colo., ordered Kobe Bryant to stand trial for sexual assault. The criminal case was later dropped.
    (AP, 10/20/04)
2003        Oct 20, Kirk Jones (40) from Canton, Michigan, survived a 150-foot plunge over the fast-flowing Canadian side Niagara Falls, only to face charges of mischief and unlawfully performing a stunt. Jones said he was driven by depression, not a desire to become a daredevil. A 7-year-old boy who went over in 1960, unlike Jones, was wearing a lifejacket. Since 1901, 15 daredevils have taken the plunge in barrels or other devices, including a kayak and a personal watercraft. Ten survived,
    (AP, 10/21/03)
2003        Oct 20, Jack Elam (82), a character actor and favorite Western villain who menaced good-guy cowboys with his crazy grin, wild eyes and remorseless gunslinging in films such as "Rawhide" and "Wichita," died.
    (AP, 10/22/03)(SFC, 10/23/03, p.A22)
2003        Oct 20, Flood waters in southwestern British Columbia left at least two people dead.
    (AP, 10/21/03)
2003        Oct 20, France raised taxes on tobacco products. Cigarette prices for a pack jumped from an average $4.60 to $5.40.
    (SFC, 10/21/03, p.A3)
2003        Oct 20, Israeli helicopters and warplanes unleashed a string of missile strikes in Gaza City. At least 11 people were killed and over 90 wounded.
    (AP, 10/20/03)(SFC, 10/21/03, p.A1)
2003        Oct 20, Saudi authorities announced the arrests of terrorist suspects and the discovery of large quantities of weapons and ammunition during raids around the kingdom.
    (AP, 10/20/03)
2003        Oct 20, Carla del Ponte, chief prosecutor of the Yugoslav war crimes tribunal in the Hague, announced the indictment of 4 top Serb generals for alleged crimes in Kosovo.
    (Econ, 10/25/03, p.47)

2003        Oct 21, The US Senate voted to ban the practice that critics call partial-birth abortion.
    (AP, 10/21/04)
2003        Oct 21, In Florida tube-feeding was resumed for Terri Schiavo (39), brain-damaged since 1990, on orders from Gov. Jeb Bush, who overrode a court decision for its removal.
    (SFC, 10/22/03, p.A2)(WSJ, 10/22/03, p.A1)
2003        Oct 21, Louise Day Hicks (87), Boston anti-busing activist, died
    (AP, 10/21/04)
2003        Oct 21, Actor Fred Berry (52) died in Los Angeles.
    (AP, 10/21/04)
2003        Oct 21, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation leaders ended their two-day annual summit in Thailand with a statement seeking to boost trade and intensify the fight on terror.
    (AP, 10/21/03)
2003        Oct 21, In Colombia police and soldiers rounded up at least 29 politicians, ahead of local elections, with suspected ties to leftist guerrillas in pre-dawn raids across Arauca state.
    (AP, 10/21/03)(WSJ, 10/22/03, p.A1)
2003        Oct 21, In Ecuador, a decade after Texaco pulled out of the Amazon jungle, the US petroleum giant went on trial in a lawsuit filed on behalf of 30,000 poor Ecuadorians.
    (AP, 10/21/03)
2003        Oct 21, A top European Union official defended the bloc's $233 million contribution for Iraqi reconstruction and said that more could be forthcoming next year.
    (AP, 10/21/03)
2003        Oct 21, Iran agreed to snap UN inspections of its nuclear sites and to freeze uranium enrichment.
    (AP, 10/21/03)(SFC, 10/22/03, p.A3)
2003        Oct 21, In Ivory Coast Jean Helene, a French radio reporter, was shot and killed by a police officer at police headquarters in Abidjan. On Jan 22, 2004, police sergeant Dago Sery was sentenced to 17 years in prison for the murder.
    (AP, 10/21/03)(WPR, 3/04, p.29)
2003        Oct 21, North Korea rebuffed Pres. Bush's proposal to give it multi-nation security assurances if it agrees to scrap its nuclear weapons program.
    (AP, 10/22/03)
2003        Oct 21, In South Korea a tourist bus plummeted into a gorge, killing at least 17 people and injuring 15 others.
    (AP, 10/21/03)
2003        Oct 21, Luis A. Ferre (99), a philanthropist and former governor of Puerto Rico who became the patriarch of the territory's US statehood movement, died.
    (AP, 10/21/03)
2003        Oct 21, Romanians overwhelmingly approved a new constitution designed to prepare the formerly communist country for membership in the EU.
    (AP, 10/21/03)
2003        Oct 21, Two British teachers working for an aid agency in Somaliland were found dead after being shot at their apartment at the school.
    (AP, 10/21/03)
2003        Oct 21, Pope John Paul II added 30 names to the list of his possible successors, installing a diverse collection of cardinals.
    (AP, 10/21/03)
2003        Oct 21, The U.N. General Assembly overwhelmingly approved a resolution demanding that Israel tear down a barrier jutting into the West Bank.
    (AP, 10/21/04)

2003        Oct 22, President Bush praised Indonesia, the world's most populous Muslim nation, for battling terrorism. Bush defended US policy from the Mideast to Iraq during a frank exchange with moderate Muslim leaders during a stopover in Bali, Indonesia.
    (AP, 10/22/03)(AP, 10/22/08)
2003        Oct 22, IRL racer Tony Renna, 26, died after crashing at close to 220 mph during a test drive at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway.
    (AP, 10/22/04)
2003        Oct 22, In southern Australia the fossil of a 2.56-inch fishlike animal from the Flinders Ranges was believed to be at least 560 million years old, 30 million years older than the previous record.
    (AP, 10/23/03)
2003        Oct 22, Christina Mae Watson (26) died as she and her new husband dove off the tropical coast of Queensland. In 2009 David Gabriel Watson, of Birmingham, Alabama, pleaded guilty to manslaughter. He was expected to serve just one year of the four-and-a-half-year sentence in the death of his wife of 11 days. Watson served an 18-month sentence in Australia and was deported to the US in 2010 where he faced 2 murder counts in Alabama. On Feb 23, 2012, Watson was acquitted of murder charges after a Birmingham judge ruled that prosecutors lacked sufficient evidence.
    (AP, 6/5/09)(SFC, 11/26/10, p.A7)(SFC, 2/24/12, p.A5)
2003        Oct 22, Chile's Senate overwhelmingly approved a free trade treaty with the United States, paving the way for the accord to become effective Jan 1.
    (AP, 10/22/03)
2003        Oct 22, In Colombia a bomb attached to a motorcycle exploded damaging the state prosecutor's offices outside Medellin.
    (AP, 10/22/03)
2003        Oct 22, It was reported that pirated fuel from Iraq totaled some 2,000 tons for a daily loss of $250,000.
    (SFC, 10/22/03, p.A1)
2003        Oct 22, Israeli troops shot and killed 2 suspected Palestinian militants in the West Bank.
    (AP, 10/22/03)
2003        Oct 22, Jordan's king asked a royal court minister to form a new government.
    (AP, 10/22/03)
2003        Oct 22, A human rights report on North Korea said hundreds of thousands of prisoners worked in at least 36 hidden camps with torture and meager rations routine.
    (SFC, 10/22/03, p.A14)
2003        Oct 22, The Arab-dominated West African nation of Mauritania opened its first real presidential campaign in more than a decade, with the grandson of black African slaves of the Arabs among five opposition candidates competing.
    (AP, 10/22/03)
2003        Oct 22, Tensions spiraled between Ukraine and Russia over a small island controlling access to disputed waters. Pres. Leonid Kuchma cut short a Latin American trip to return home to deal with the issue. The dispute centers on construction of a dike from the Russian mainland out into the Kerch Strait that connects the Black and Azov Seas.
    (AP, 10/23/03)

2003        Oct 23, Pres. Bush, was heckled inside and outside Australia's Parliament. He said that the war in Iraq was right and inevitable, but that Americans and Australians "still have decisive days ahead" and that the broader war on terror could be long and drawn out.
    (AP, 10/23/03)
2003        Oct 23, President Bush concluded his Pacific trip with a visit to Hawaii, where he dropped flowers into the water at the sunken battleship USS Arizona.
    (AP, 10/23/08)
2003        Oct 23, Bill Clinton announced that his AIDS foundation clinched a deal to cut drug prices and improve care in poor nations.
    (WSJ, 10/23/03, p.A1)
2004        Oct 23, Federal immigration agents arrested some 250 illegal workers at 60 Wal-Mart stores in 21 states.
    (AP, 10/23/04)
2003        Oct 23, In Santa Clara, California, 7-Eleven owner Narinder Badwal learned that he had sold the winning California Lottery and was entitled to a $250,000 commission. He then learned that he had sold the winning ticket worth $49,747,500 to himself.
    (SFC, 10/28/03, p.A15)
2003        Oct 23, Soong May-ling (b.1896), aka Madame Chiang Kai-shek, died in NYC. She became one of the world's most famous women as she helped her husband fight the Japanese during World War II and later the Chinese Communists. In 2009 Hannah Pakula authored “Madame Chiang Kai-shek and the Birth of Modern China."
    (AP, 10/24/03)(SSFC, 12/27/09, Books, p.E3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soong_May-ling)
2003        Oct 23, In northern Afghan attackers fired rockets at a pickup truck ferrying passengers, killing 10 people, including two children.
    (AP, 10/24/03)
2003        Oct 23, Chinese officials reported that accidents in China's mines and factories killed 11,449 people in the first nine months of this year despite a nationwide safety crackdown.
    (AP, 10/23/03)
2003        Oct 23, A bomb exploded near a pipeline in northern Iraq, killing two Iraqi Civil Defense Corps members and wounding 10 others.
    (AP, 10/23/03)
2003        Oct 23, A 3-day dominos tournament began at the Ocho Rios resort in Jamaica.
    (SFC, 10/24/03, p.D3)
2003        Oct 23, Japan refused to grant citizenship to a Japanese couple's twins because they were born to an American surrogate mother in California.
    (WSJ, 10/24/03, p.A1)
2003        Oct 23, Masked Palestinian gunmen killed two men suspected of being informers for Israel, then displayed their bodies in the central square of the Tulkarem refugee camp.
    (AP, 10/23/03)
2003        Oct 23,  Venezuelan troops and police killed 7 heavily armed gunmen during a raid on a drug trafficking ring in northeast Venezuela.
    (AP, 10/24/03)

2003        Oct 24, Tiger Woods matched the 55-year-old standard set by Byron Nelson by making the cut in his 113th consecutive PGA Tour event. Se Ri Pak became the first woman to make the two-round cut in a men's golf tournament since Babe Zaharias in 1945.
    (AP, 10/24/04)
2003        Oct 24, California won its first anti-spam judgment when a court fined PW Marketing of Los Angeles County, $2 million for sending out millions of unsolicited e-mails telling people how to spam.
    (AP, 10/25/03)
2003        Oct 24, British Airways retired the Concorde. 3 Concordes swooped into Heathrow Airport, joining in a spectacular finale to the era of luxury supersonic jet travel.
    (WSJ, 10/2/03, p.A1)(AP, 10/24/03)
2003        Oct 24, Chinese President Hu Jintao became the first Asian leader to address Australia's parliament.
    (AP, 10/24/03)
2003        Oct 24, Iraq's postwar reconstruction received a boost as nations from Japan to Saudi Arabia pledged $13 billion in new aid on top of more than $20 billion from the US. But the figure fell well short of the estimated $56 billion needed to rebuild the country.
    (AP, 10/24/03)
2003        Oct 24, Two U.S. soldiers were killed and four were wounded in a mortar attack on their base north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 10/24/03)
2003        Oct 24, In Italy police arrested 7 alleged members of the radical Red Brigades suspected of the 1999 killing of a Labor Ministry consultant.
    (AP, 10/24/03)
2003        Oct 24, In Italy millions of workers stayed home to protest government plans to reform the pension system.
    (AP, 10/25/03)
2003        Oct 24, In Mexico Mariano Diaz Mendez, a Pentecostal pastor of Indian descent, was shot twice inside the car in a roadside ditch in San Juan Chamula, a majority Catholic township just outside San Cristobal.
    (AP, 10/25/03)
2003        Oct 24, Nigerian health workers began an emergency drive to immunize some 15 million children against polio. Some 192 cases were currently active.
    (SFC, 10/24/03, p.A3)
2003        Oct 24, Palestinian militants cut through a fence and crept up on the army base inside the Netzarim settlement in Gaza. The militants entered the barracks and shot soldiers as they slept, killing three including two women, and wounding two others.
    (AP, 10/26/03)
2003        Oct 24, In southern Russia a team of mine rescue workers dug ventilation tunnels and tried to reach 46 coal miners trapped about a half-mile underground in a shaft.
    (AP, 10/24/03)
2003        Oct 24, Venezuelan troops and police killed seven heavily armed gunmen during a raid on a drug trafficking ring in northeast Venezuela, officials said Friday.
    (AP, 10/24/03)

2003        Oct 25, The Florida Marlins beat the NY Yankees 2-0 at Yankee Stadium and won Baseball's World Series in 6 games.
    (SSFC, 10/26/03, p.B1)
2003        Oct 25, Florida State's Bobby Bowden became the winningest coach in major college football history with his 339th victory as the Seminoles beat Wake Forest 48-24.
    (AP, 10/25/04)
2003        Oct 25, To chants of "Impeach Bush," thousands of anti-war protesters rallied in the nation's capital and delivered a scathing critique of President Bush and his Iraq policy.
    (AP, 10/25/04)
2003        Oct 25, A US-led coalition troops and Afghan militia killed 18 rebel fighters in a six-hour firefight in eastern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 10/28/03)
2003        Oct 25, The USS Hartford, a fast attack submarine, went aground off La Maddalena, a tiny island off Sardinia's north coast that hosts a Naval support facility. 2 officers were later relieved of their commands over the incident.
    (AP, 11/13/03)
2003        Oct 25, In Afghanistan CIA operatives William Carlson, 43, of Southern Pines, N.C., and Christopher Glenn Mueller, 32, of San Diego were ambushed and killed near the village in Shkin in Paktika province while "tracking terrorists."
    (AP, 10/29/03)
2003        Oct 25, In northwestern China powerful twin tremors, minutes apart, killed nine people and leveled houses in Gansu province.
    (AP, 10/26/03)
2003        Oct 25, In Colombia voting began on a referendum proposed by Pres. Uribe that aimed to cut government spending, reduce the size of Congress and fight political corruption. Guerrillas attacked an army base, ambushed police and launched other attacks, killing 13 people. The referendum was seen as a test of President Alvaro Uribe's support.
    (AP, 10/25/03)
2003        Oct 25, An Italian court has ordered a crucifix removed from a classroom, where a law still requires public schools to display a cross.
    (AP, 10/26/03)
2003        Oct 25, Thousands of Jamaicans rioted near Montego Bay's airport, burning buses and blocking roads to protest the killings of two elderly men by police in an alleged shootout.
    (AP, 10/26/03)(Econ, 11/1/03, p.35)
2003        Oct 25, In Amman, Jordan, Faisal al-Fayez (51) was sworn in as the new PM along with 20 Cabinet members.
    (AP, 10/26/03)
2003        Oct 25, Secret police arrested YUKOS oil tycoon Mikhail Khodorkovsky, Russia's richest man, from his jet in Siberia and hauled him before a Moscow court where he was charged with massive fraud and tax evasion.
    (AP, 10/25/03)
2003        Oct 25, In southern Russia emergency workers rescued 33 cold and exhausted miners from the flooded Zapadnaya coal mine in Novoshakhtinsk, where they had been trapped for nearly two days. The location of 13 men remained unknown.
    (AP, 10/25/03)(SSFC, 10/26/03, p.A7)

2003        Oct 26, Spencer Tunick photographed 450 women posing in New York's Grand Central Terminal as part of a human art installation.
    (AP, 10/26/03)
2003        Oct 26, Flames stoked by powerful winds raced through parts of Southern California, torching more than 208,000 acres, destroying 500 homes and causing at least 11 deaths. A major radar facility was forced to close and many flights in the area were cancelled.
    (AP, 10/26/03)(SSFC, 10/26/03, p.A1)(SFC, 10/27/03, p.A1)
2003        Oct 26, It was reported that Cambodian prostitutes were being subjected to gang rapes, and that the practice, called "bauk," has been common for years.
    (SSFC, 10/26/03, p.A11)
2003        Oct 26, Canadian Rob Krueger defeated 320 competitors who played at the World Rock, Paper, Scissors Championships at a downtown Toronto nightclub. He netted $3,825.
    (Reuters, 10/27/03)
2003        Oct 26, Colombians elected state and municipal leaders despite the bloody campaign period in which dozens of candidates were killed. Bogota residents elected Eduardo Garzon, a former Communist union leader, as their mayor in municipal elections. The victory was seen as a further headache for hardline Pres. Alvaro Uribe, coming a day after he suffered a defeat in a sweeping referendum.
     (AP, 10/27/03)(Econ, 11/1/03, p.35)
2003        Oct 26, In Guatemala 4 journalists from the Prensa Libre newspaper were seized by ex-paramilitary members and apparently were being held to press the group's demand that the government pay them wages for their service in the 1980s.
    (AP, 10/26/03)
2003        Oct 26, In western Haiti anti-government protesters loyal to a slain gang leader attacked a police station. Gunfire killed a girl on her bicycle and wounded the police chief and 2 officers.
    (AP, 10/26/03)
2003        Oct 26, Iraqi insurgents attacked the heavily guarded al Rashid hotel with a missile barrage that killed an American colonel, wounded 18 other people. The 462-room hotel, housing civilian officials of the US-led Coalition Provisional Authority and US military personnel, is seen as symbol of the occupation.
    (AP, 10/26/03)(SSFC, 10/26/03, p.A1)
2003        Oct 26, In South Korea a race car crashed into the audience, killing three people and injuring six.
    (AP, 10/26/03)
2003        Oct 26, In the largest demolition of Palestinian Authority buildings in Gaza in 3 years, the Israeli army blew up 3 apartment towers in retaliation for a deadly settlement attack.
    (AP, 10/26/03)
2003        Oct 26, In Spain conservatives regained control of Madrid's regional legislature in an election giving PM Aznar's party momentum going into next year's general elections.
    (AP, 10/27/03)

2003        Oct 27, A new US stamp dedicated to Theodore Geisel (d.1991), creator of Dr. Seuss, was introduced at the Dr. Seuss National Memorial Sculpture Garden in Springfield, Mass.
    (SFC, 10/16/03, p.E13)
2003        Oct 27, Rod Roddy (66), the flamboyantly dressed announcer on the TV game show "The Price is Right"  for nearly 20 years, died in LA.
    (AP, 10/28/03)
2003        Oct 27, Walter Edward Washington (88), former Washington, D.C. Mayor died.
    (AP, 10/27/04)
2003        Oct 27, Bank of America Corp. said it agreed to buy FleetBoston Financial Corp. for nearly $47 billion in stock, creating the second-largest U.S. bank.
    (AP, 10/27/03)
2003        Oct 27, The southern California fires crossed into Mexico. The death toll climbed to 15 and damages were estimated to top $500 million.
    (SFC, 10/28/03, p.A1)(WSJ, 10/28/03, p.A1)
2003        Oct 27, Millions of Muslims across Asia began the fasting month of Ramadan.
    (AP, 10/27/03)
2003        Oct 27, In Brazil the 22nd Socialist International Congress opened. Some 600 delegates from more than 100 political parties met under the 52-year-old Socialist International's motto: "For a more human society. For a world more fair and just."
    (AP, 10/28/03)
2003        Oct 27, In Burundi fighting between government soldiers and Hutu rebels has forced more than 5,000 people to flee their homes in the hills surrounding the capital of Bujumbura.
    (AP, 10/28/03)
2003        Oct 27, In Haiti police raided Raboteau, a slain gang leader's seaside slum, and arrested a dozen of his cronies in retaliation for a police station attack the day before. At least one person was killed.
    (AP, 10/28/03)
2003        Oct 27, In Iraq suicide car bombers on the 1st day of Ramadan struck the international Red Cross headquarters and three police stations across Baghdad, killing 43 people and wounding at least 224.
    (AP, 10/27/03)(SFC, 10/28/03, p.A1)(WSJ, 4/19/04, p.A14)
2003        Oct 27, Hezbollah guerrillas shelled Israeli positions in southern Lebanon for the first time in two months, wounding an Israeli soldier and triggering Israeli airstrikes and artillery fire.  The Israeli positions were in Chebaa Farms, which Lebanon and Syria say belongs to Lebanon. The UN says the area is Syrian and that Syria and Israel should negotiate its fate. Israel captured the Chebaa Farms area from Syria in the 1967 Middle East war
    (AP, 10/27/03)(AP, 10/30/03)
2003        Oct 27, Prosecutors in the Netherlands said Momir Nikolic (48), a Bosnian Serb captain who admitted participating in the mass killing of more than 7,000 Muslim boys and men in Srebrenica, should serve up to 20 years in prison.  Nikolic accepted that he was on duty when 80-100 prisoners were decapitated and their corpses loaded onto trucks on July 12, 1995. In 2006 a UN appeals court reduced his 27-year sentence to 20 years.
    (AP, 10/28/03)(AP, 3/8/06)
2003        Oct 27, UN police and NATO-led peacekeepers near Pristina, Serbia, arrested 5 former ethnic Albanian rebels for alleged war crimes in Kosovo.
    (AP, 10/28/03)
2003        Oct 27, The weekend arrest of Russia's oil executive Mikhail Khodorkovsky, sparked a plunge in Russian share prices.
    (AP, 10/28/03)

2003        Oct 28, The US Senate approved Utah's Gov. Mike Leavitt as head of the EPA.
    (SFC, 10/29/03, p.A3)
2003        Oct 28, The seven astronauts who died in the February 1 Columbia shuttle disaster were honored with the unveiling of their names carved into the national Space Mirror Memorial in Florida.
    (AP, 10/28/08)
2003        Oct 28, In SF it was announced that the Helen Diller Family Foundation would make a $35 million donation to the new cancer research center of UCSF at Mission Bay. The new 5-story Diller Building, designed by Uruguay-born architect, Rafael Vinoly, opened in 2009.
    (SFC, 10/28/03, p.B1)(SFC, 6/2/09, p.E8)
2003        Oct 28, Wells Fargo announced a new Identity Theft Assistance Center.
    (SFC, 10/29/03, p.B1)
2003        Oct 28, Southern California fires covered 600,000 acres. The death toll climbed to 20. Some 11,467 firefighters covered the blazes. Arson was suspected in most of the 10 fires. Firefighters saved hundreds of homes in the San Fernando Valley from California's deadliest wildfires in more than a decade. In 2009 Rickie Lee Fowler (28) was indicted on murder and arson charges for a 2003 wildfire that destroyed nearly 1,000 homes in San Bernadino County. On Jan 28, 2013, Fowler was given the death penalty.
    (SFC, 10/29/03, p.A1)(AP, 10/28/08)(SFC, 10/21/09, p.A4)(SFC, 1/29/13, p.A4)
2003        Oct 28, It was reported that Forbes Magazine had estimated Yasser Arafat's fortune at some $300 million, with much of it controlled by adviser Mohammed Rachid.
    (SFC, 10/28/03, p.A3)
2003        Oct 28, A Soyuz space capsule with 3 astronauts from the International Space Station landed in Kazakhstan.
    (SFC, 10/28/03, p.A1)
2003        Oct 28, Australia and New Zealand they will start withdrawing troops from the Solomon Islands, claiming success in a mission to restore law and order.
    (AP, 10/28/03)
2003        Oct 28, Chechen rebels killed 8 Russian soldiers in a series of attacks.
    (WSJ, 10/29/03, p.A1)
2003        Oct 28, Czech Independence Day. Cathrin Schauer published her book “Children Walk the Streets," a chronicle of child prostitution along the Czech-German border.
    (WPR, 3/04, p.45)
2003        Oct 28, Former Guatemala paramilitary fighters released four journalists and three other hostages after the government promised to pay the ex-soldiers for their services during the 36-year civil war.
    (AP, 10/28/03)
2003        Oct 28, In Iraq a car bomb exploded near a police station on a major street in the tense city of Fallujah, killing at least four people.
    (AP, 10/28/03)
2003        Oct 28, In Iraq 2 American soldiers were killed when their Abrams battle tank was damaged by resistance fighters 45 miles north of Baghdad. Total US deaths reach 115 and surpassed the 114 killed during the initial war Mar 20-May 1.
    (AP, 10/29/03)
2003        Oct 28, In southern Iraq 7 Ukrainian peacekeepers were wounded when militants attacked their patrol. 1,650 Ukrainian troops served in the Polish-led stabilization force.
    (AP, 10/29/03)
2003        Oct 28, Japan's Sony Corp. said it would cut 20,000 workers and reduce costs by $3 billion over the next 4 years.
    (SFC, 10/29/03, p.B3)
2003        Oct 28, In Mexico City high-level officials of the Organization of American States ended two day of talks with a new security agenda.
    (AP, 10/29/03)
2003        Oct 28, In central Nepal rebels attacked a police station, killing at least 8 people.
    (AP, 10/28/03)
2003        Oct 28, Joan Perucho (82), judge, novelist and art critic, died in Barcelona.
    (SFC, 10/31/03, p.A25)
2003        Oct 28, In western Sudan a helicopter transporting troops crashed, killing 19 members of the armed forces and a university student.
    (AP, 10/29/03)

2003        Oct 29, A powerful geomagnetic storm walloped the Earth, knocking out some airline communications but apparently causing no large power outages or other major problems.
    (AP, 10/29/04)
2003        Oct 29, Arnold Schwarzenegger met with leaders in Washington DC and pushed for fire relief in California and a stronger ban on assault weapons. Steven Rucker (38), a firefighter from Novato, was killed in the Cedar blaze as the death toll rose to 20.
    (SFC, 10/30/03, p.A1)(WSJ, 10/30/03, p.A1)
2003        Oct 29, Harry Clement Stubbs (81), science fiction writer, died. His books included "Mission of Gravity" (1953).
    (SFC, 11/1/03, p.A21)
2003        Oct 29, The Afghan Supreme Court issued a condemnation against Vida Samadzai (33) for competing as Miss Afghanistan in the Miss Earth competition in Manila.
    (USAT, 10/30/03, p.13A)
2003        Oct 29, In the Bahamas Cordell Farrington (35), a hardware store stock clerk, was charged with five counts of murder in connection with the disappearance of four boys and a young man on Grand Bahama Island.
    (AP, 10/29/03)
2003        Oct 29, Lenslet, an Israeli start-up, has developed a processor that uses optics instead of silicon, enabling it to compute at the speed of light.
    (Reuters, 10/29/03)
2003        Oct 29, In Indonesia an air force helicopter crashed at an air strip on the southern outskirts of Jakarta, killing all 7 people aboard.
    (AP, 10/29/03)
2003        Oct 29, International organizations continued their exodus from Iraq in the wake of car bombings in the capital and attacks against coalition troops.
    (AP, 10/29/04)
2003        Oct 29, Italian tenor Franco Corelli (82), one of the top opera stars of the 20th century, died in Milan.
    (AP, 10/31/03)(SFC, 11/1/03, p.A21)
2003        Oct 29, A Mexican electoral court annulled the results of the July 6 elections for the governorship of the southern state of Colima after concluding that the outgoing governor interfered in the race.
    (AP, 10/30/03)
2003        Oct 29, In southern Russia search crews blasted through solid rock to rescue 11 of 13 coal miners after six days trapped in a deep shaft. One died and one remained missing.
    (AP, 10/29/03)

2003        Oct 30, The US House approved an $87.5 billion package for Iraq and Afghanistan.
    (AP, 10/30/04)
2003        Oct 30, The US Commerce Dept. said GDP grew 7.2% over the last quarter.
    (SFC, 10/31/03, p.A1)
2003        Oct 30, The US Senate passed legislation allowing thinning of forests across the West.
    (SFC, 10/31/03, p.A1)
2003        Oct 30, A multistory parking garage under construction at the Tropicana Casino & Resort in Atlantic City, NJ, collapsed, killing 4 construction workers and injuring 22 others.
    (Reuters, 10/30/03)(SFC, 10/31/03, p.A3)(AP, 10/30/08)
2003        Oct 30, The US and 29 other countries pledged $18.4 million to create a new war crimes court in Bosnia that will lighten the load at the U.N. tribunal in the Netherlands.
    (AP, 10/30/03)
2003        Oct 30, In Italy former Premier Giulio Andreotti was acquitted of charges he ordered the Mafia killing of a journalist in 1979, wiping out the veteran politician's previous conviction.
    (AP, 10/30/03)
2003        Oct 30, In Panama more than 20,000 teachers and construction workers stayed off the job, staging a daylong strike to demand that the government retain control over the country's social security system.
    (AP, 10/31/03)
2003        Oct 30, President Vladimir Putin tightened his grip on the Kremlin by relieving his chief of staff from duty. Putin named Dmitry Medvedev, the first deputy chief of staff and the chairman of the Russian natural gas giant Gazprom, to succeed Alexander Voloshin in the post.
    (AP, 10/30/03)
2003        Oct 30, In northeastern Uganda soldiers clashed with rebels, killing 33 insurgents in three separate battles over the last 2 days. 3 soldiers were killed.
    (AP, 10/31/03)
2003        Oct 30, The UN ordered all its non-Iraqi staff to leave Baghdad.
    (WSJ, 4/19/04, p.A14)

2003        Oct 31, A new e-mail virus, "Mimail.C.," started spreading to corporate computers and is headed for home computers, but computer security experts said they expect the outbreak to wind down over the weekend.
    (AP, 11/1/03)
2003        Oct 31, In California lawyer Gerald Curry was shot 5 times by William Strier outside a courthouse in San Fernando Valley. The shooting was caught on videotape by crews covering actor Robert Blake's murder case in Van Nuys. In 2006 Strier (66) was convicted of attempted murder and sentenced to life in prison plus 25 years.
    (SFC, 1/21/06, p.B2)(AP, 10/31/08)
2003        Oct 31, In SF Victor Bach (71) was killed at his Mission District office, Western Plumbing and Heating on Halloween. His wife was later charged with defrauding the business and a trust account that he was overseeing. In 2008 Kathy Bach (57) was convicted of 13-theft related charges for defrauding her husband’s business and a private trust that he oversaw.
    (SFC, 3/16/05, p.B4)(SFC, 11/18/08, p.B2)
2003        Oct 31, Bethany Hamilton, teen surfing star, lost her left arm in a shark attack off Kauai, Hawaii.
    (AP, 10/31/04)
2003        Oct 31, The EPA rejected new restrictions on weed-killer atrazine. It was suspected of causing mutations in frogs.
    (WSJ, 11/3/03, p.A1)
2003        Oct 31, Richard E. Neustadt (84), the noted presidential adviser, scholar and historian who was a founder of Harvard's Kennedy School of Government, died in England. His 1960 book "Presidential Power: The Politics of Leadership," offered insight into government decision-making.
    (AP, 11/2/03)(Econ, 11/15/03, p.81)
2003        Oct 31, Fighting between Afghan soldiers and police in a tense province in southern Afghanistan killed two military commanders and up to eight policemen.
    (AP, 11/1/03)
2003        Oct 31, Thousands of Argentines banged pots and pans on street corners and apartment balconies across the capital to protest rising crime.
    (AP, 10/31/03)
2003        Oct 31, Ilham Aliev was inaugurated as Azerbaijan's new president, succeeding his ailing father as leader of the oil-rich former Soviet republic.
    (AP, 10/31/03)
2003        Oct 31, A wildlife expert said a rabies outbreak is threatening the few hundred remaining Ethiopian wolves, one of the world's rarest animals.
    (AP, 10/31/03)
2003        Oct 31, Kamato Hongo (116), a Japanese woman believed to have been the world's oldest person, died.
    (AP, 10/31/03)
2003        Oct 31, Abdullah Ahmad Badawi became Malaysia's first new prime minister in a generation, succeeding Mahathir Mohamad.
    (AP, 10/31/03)
2003        Oct 31, Taiwan's Pres. Chen Shui-bian took his campaign for a new constitution to New York, as Taiwanese media widely reported protests by Beijing supporters against his visit. He described his campaign for a new constitution as an effort to increase government efficiency.
    (AP, 11/1/03)
2003        Oct 31, The UN General Assembly adopted the United Nations Convention against Corruption and requested that the Secretary-General designate the UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) as secretariat for the Convention’s Conference of States Parties (resolution 58/4). 
    (Econ, 12/15/12, p.61)(www.un.org/en/events/anticorruptionday/)

2003        Oct, Donald Rumsfeld approved a CIA request to hold a suspected Iraqi terrorist in secret and shield his detention from the Red Cross.
    (WSJ, 6/17/04, p.A1)
2003        Oct, Apple Corp. introduced a Windows version of the Mac music jukebox software, iTunes.
    (SFC, 1/24/04, p.A12)
2003        Oct, US home ownership in the 3rd quarter rose to a record 68.4% of households.
    (WSJ, 1/2/04, p.R12)
2003        Oct, In Florida farm worker Felipe Santos (23) disappeared after he was arrested by Sheriff’s Deputy Steven Calkins following a fender bender.
    (SFC, 4/5/12, p.A9)
2003        Oct, The first Frieze Art Fair was launched in London and attracted over 27,000 visitors. It grew to become the city’s biggest contemporary art show.
    (WSJ, 10/10/08, p.W1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frieze_Art_Fair)
2003        Oct, A storm split apart the world's largest iceberg (B15), about the size of Jamaica, off the coast of Antarctica. It is believed to have caused the deaths of millions of penguins after it blocked access to the sea from the Ross Ice Shelf.
    (SFC, 11/8/03, p.A26)
2003        Oct, In Santiago, Chile, Claudio Spiniak, a wealthy businessman, and 6 colleagues were charged with using a luxury gym for sadomasochistic orgies with children. An estimated 4,000 children worked in Chile's commercial sex trade.
    (SFC, 11/24/03, p.F1)
2003        Oct, A bolt of lightning killed 11 students at the Mpimba Institute in Bikoro, Congo.
    (SFC, 10/18/03, p.A26)
2003        Oct, Denmark cut taxes on spirits by 45%.
    (Econ, 11/15/03, p.49)
2003        Oct, Air Arabia, a Sharjah government-owned airline, launched services from Dubai. It billed itself as the Middle East's first budget airline.
    (AP, 6/1/04)
2003        Oct, The IMF suspended a $600 million loan program to the Dominican Republic, agreed upon in August, after the government paid out a similar amount to re-nationalize the 2 main electricity distributors.
    (Econ, 12/13/03, p.35)
2003        Oct, In Ecuador Cesar Fernandez, former governor of a coastal province, was arrested for exporting almost half a ton of cocaine to Mexico. Allegation later arose that Fernandez had contributed to the election campaign of Pres. Lucio Gutierrez.
    (Econ, 11/29/03, p.35)
2003        Oct, Sean O'Sullivan (39), American documentary filmmaker, arrived in Iraq and formed JumpStart Int'l., a private non-profit effort to clean up bombed and burned sites in Baghdad using Iraqi labor.
    (SSFC, 4/4/04, p.A3)
2003        Oct, Transparency International ranked Ecuador as the 2nd most corrupt country in Latin America.
    (Econ, 11/1/03, p.36)
2003        Oct, Roberto Colannino bought a controlling stake in Piaggio, the Italian scooter maker. Debts at the time were equal to 60% of annual sales.
    (Econ, 7/15/06, p.64)
2003        Oct, Washington reopened its embassy on the tropical Equatorial Guinea's island capital of Malabo after an eight-year shutdown. The tiny West African country has a tremendous amount of oil. Pres. Teodoro Obiang has had his opponents imprisoned and tortured, his presidential predecessor executed by firing squad, and has helped himself to the state treasury at will. State radio recently declared him "like God."
    (AP, 11/17/03)
2003        Oct, Israel approved a plan to spend at least $56 million to expand settlements on the occupied Golan Heights.
    (AP, 12/31/03)
2003        Oct, In Kenya Pres. Kibaki suspended half of the 12-man appeal court and 17 of the high court's 44 judges. 82 or the country's 254 magistrates were also sent home. An official inquiry revealed that some judges had specific charges for favorable verdicts. Replacements were chosen by members of the "Mount Kenya Mafia," a group of ministers and mates from the president's Kikuyu tribe.
    (Econ, 11/29/03, p.44)
2003        Oct, The Panama-registered tanker African Pride, carrying 11,300 tons of crude oil, was boarded by the Nigerian navy. The oil had allegedly been stolen by pirates in the Niger Delta. 12 Russian sailors, two Romanians and a Georgian were imprisoned in Nigeria. 2 naval admirals were prosecuted and dismissed after the Greek-owned ship disappeared following its seizure. In 2005 a Nigerian court agreed to free the sailors on bail.
    (AP, 8/5/05)
2003        Oct, Pakistan security operatives arrested Javed Hashmi, head of the 15-party Alliance for the Restoration of Democracy, for treason and attempting to incite rebellion among the armed forces. 9 days earlier he had gone public with an anonymous letter, purportedly from army officials, that challenged Pres. Musharraf's cooperation with the US.
    (SFC, 3/23/04, p.F1)
2003        Oct, Pres. Putin attended the opening a Russian air base in Kant, Kyrgyzstan.
    (Econ, 11/1/03, p.40)
2003        Oct, Uzbekistan made its currency, the som, convertible, but foreign exchange was still made difficult by the banks.
    (Econ, 3/27/04, p.44)

2003        Nov 1, Democratic presidential candidate Howard Dean stirred controversy within his party by telling the Des Moines Register he wanted to be "the candidate for guys with Confederate flags in their pickup trucks." The former Vermont governor explained that he intended to encourage the return of Southern voters who had abandoned the Democrats for decades but were disaffected with the Republicans.
    (AP, 11/1/04)
2003        Nov 1, Two small rebel groups, the last rebel holdouts in eastern Congo, agreed to join the country's transitional government. Leaders, Patrick Masunzu and Aaron Nyamushebwa, agreed to join the government and integrate their forces into a new national army.
    (AP, 11/4/03)
2003        Nov 1, About 100,000 people took to the streets of Berlin to demonstrate against Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder's plans to trim Germany's generous welfare state.
    (AP, 11/1/03)
2003        Nov 1, In western India a tourist bus skidded off a mountain road near Mahabaleshwar and fell into a gorge, killing 22 people and injuring 30 others.
    (AP, 11/2/03)
2003        Nov 1, In Iraq a roadside bomb killed at least two US soldiers in Mosul.
    (AP, 11/1/03)
2003        Nov 1, It was reported that over a dozen members of Saddam Hussein's government have been shot dead in the streets of Basra over the last month.
    (SFC, 11/1/03, p.A8)
2003        Nov 1, Yehiel Shemi (81), an Israeli sculptor renowned for his abstract works in metal, died.
    (AP, 11/2/03)
2003        Nov 1, Macedonia launched a lottery to reduce the number of light arms held by the public. An amnesty for turning in arms was set to expire Dec 15.
    (SSFC, 12/14/03, p.A14)
2003        Nov 1, It was reported that central Sudan was experiencing its worst grasshopper attack in 3 decades. At least 11 people died and more than 16,000 were hospitalized with a respiratory illness doctors link to an annual locust invasion.
    (SFC, 11/1/03, p.A8)(AP, 11/2/03)
2003        Nov 1, In Taipei, Taiwan, some 500 people marched in the Chinese world's 1st gay pride parade. In 2012 some 65,000 marched in the event.
    (USAT, 2/5/04, p.10A)(Econ, 1/25/14, p.52)

2003        Nov 2, The US Episcopal Church consecrated V. Gene Robinson as bishop in New Hampshire, making him the first openly gay man to rise to that rank in any of the world's major Christian bodies.
    (AP, 11/3/03)
2003        Nov 2, The NYC Marathon was won by Martin Lel of Kenya in 2:10:30; Margaret Okayo of Kenya won the women's title in 2:22:31, a course record.
    (WSJ, 11/4/02, p.A1)
2003        Nov 2, Frank McCloskey (64), who represented Indiana's 8th District in Congress (1983-1995), died in Bloomington.
    (SFC, 11/4/03, p.A21)
2003        Nov 2, Burundi's president and main rebel leader signed a peace agreement, but efforts to end the decade-long civil war were threatened by renewed fighting between Tutsi-dominated government troops and other Hutu rebels.
    (AP, 11/2/03)
2003        Nov 2, Colombian troops killed Luis Alexis Castellanos Garzon a FARC regional rebel commander, the fifth guerrilla leader slain in less than a month.
    (AP, 11/4/03)
2003        Nov 2, In Havana, Cuba, 71 American firms from 18 states and Puerto Rico opened trade fair displays under an exception in a 42-year US trade embargo.
    (AP, 11/2/03)
2003        Nov 2, Georgia held parliamentary elections and opinion polls said the opposition would take control unless there was massive fraud. Parliamentary candidates allied with Georgian President Eduard Shevardnadze held a slim lead in elections that European monitors said were marred by irregularities.
    (SFC, 11/3/03, p.A3)(AP, 11/4/03)
2003        Nov 2, In Hong Kong Robert Kissel, a Merrill Lynch investment banker, was killed. Nancy Kissel was soon accused of drugging her husband with a milkshake laced with sedatives before fatally beating him on the head with a metal ornament. In 2005 Kissel testified that the day her 40-year-old husband died, he told her he was divorcing her and taking their 3 children. She said that during an argument, he hit her with a baseball bat and she struck him with a metal statue with human figurines. In 2007 Joe McGinniss authored “Never Enough," a non-fiction account of the crime. In 2010 Hong Kong's highest court overturned her murder conviction and ordered that she be retried. On March 25, 2011, Nancy Kissel was convicted of murder for a 2nd time. The unanimous verdict carried an automatic life sentence.
    (AP, 6/8/05)(AP, 8/4/05)(WSJ, 12/27/07, p.D7)(AP, 2/11/10)(AP, 3/25/11)
2003        Nov 2, On Indonesia's Sumatra island flash floods swept through a popular tourist resort, killing 66 people, five of them foreigners, and leaving dozens missing.
    (AP, 11/3/03)
2003        Nov 2, In central Iraq insurgents shot down a US Chinook helicopter as it carried troops headed for R&R, killing 16 soldiers and wounding 21. Attacks on US troops reached 33 a day.
    (SSFC, 11/2/03, p.A1)(AP, 11/2/08)
2003        Nov 2, More than 6,000 Palestinian laborers crossed into Israel from the Gaza Strip on as Israel slightly eased restrictions that had prevented them from reaching their workplaces for more than a month.
    (AP, 11/2/03)

2003        Nov 3, The US Congress voted its final approval for $87.5 billion for U.S. military operations and aid in Iraq and Afghanistan.
    (AP, 11/3/04)
2003        Nov 3, The FDA issued draft guidelines outlining when drug companies must submit information on how medicines affect people differently depending on their genetic makeup.
    (WSJ, 11/3/03, p.B1)
2003        Nov 3, A US court settlement gave Linda Tripp $595,000 from the Defense Dept. to settle claims that officials leaked personal information. Tripp had secretly taped Monica Lewinsky's confessions of a sexual affair with Pres. Clinton.
    (SFC, 11/4/03, p.A3)
2003        Nov 3, Afghanistan unveiled a post-Taliban draft constitution.
    (AP, 11/3/03)
2003        Nov 3, It was reported from Burundi that a decade of civil war as well as fighting in neighboring Congo had decimated the once 300-strong herd of hippos whose habitat is the marshy Ruzizi River that flows from the northern end of Lake Tanganyika. In August, the World Wildlife Fund warned that 185 miles to the north, only 1,300 hippos of the 29,000 recorded 30 years ago remained in and around Lake Edward.
    (AP, 11/3/03)
2003        Nov 3, In China Yang Zhiya (Yang Xinhai, Yang Xinhua), an ex-convict dumped by his girlfriend, was arrested in northern Hebei province for the stabbing murders of 67 people and 23 rapes. Xinhai was sentenced to death on Feb 1, 2004. He was executed Feb 14.
    (AP, 11/15/03)(AP, 2/1/04)(AP, 2/14/04)
2003        Nov 3, Rasul Gamzatov, Dagestan poet, died in Moscow. He wrote in Avar, a language spoken by some 500,000 people in Dagestan. He also wrote the prose work "My Dagestan."
    (SFC, 11/4/03, p.A21)
2003        Nov 3, The EU condemned lingering anti-Jewish bias it said was reflected in a new survey, which found that many Europeans see Israel as a threat to world peace.
    (AP, 11/3/03)
2003        Nov 3, Israel's Minister of the Environment said the Dead Sea is dying, and only a major engineering effort can save it.
    (AP, 11/4/03)
2003        Nov 3, A suicide bomber, Sabih Abu Saud (16), blew himself up near an army checkpoint in the West Bank, killing himself but causing no other casualties.
    (AP, 11/3/03)(SFC, 11/4/03, p.A10)
2003        Nov 3, Russia's richest man, Mikhail Khodorkovsky, already jailed on fraud and tax evasion charges, resigned as head of the Russian oil giant Yukos.
    (AP, 11/3/04)
2003        Nov 3, Saudi police battled militants in the streets of the holy city of Mecca, killing two of the suspects and uncovering a large cache of weapons. Police arrested six al-Qaida suspects.
    (AP, 11/3/03)(AP, 11/4/03)
2003        Nov 3, Spanish authorities closed the border with the British colony of Gibraltar before the arrival of a virus-stricken cruise ship carrying some 2,000 passengers. More than 400 passengers on the ship fell ill with a norovirus after the ship left Southampton, England, for a Mediterranean voyage on Oct. 20.
    (AP, 11/3/03)

2003        Nov 4, Following a conservative outcry over a made-for-TV movie about former President Ronald Reagan, CBS scrapped plans to televise "The Reagans," sending it off to the Showtime cable network instead.
    (AP, 11/4/04)
2003        Nov 4, Republicans picked up two governorships in the South. Haley Barbour ousted Mississippi's Democratic incumbent Ronnie Musgrove. Rep. Ernie Fletcher won Kentucky's top job ousting Democrats from power after 32 years.
    (AP, 11/5/03)(SFC, 11/5/03, p.A16)
2003        Nov 4, In Arizona Mexican President Vicente Fox stressed the importance of continuing a dialogue on immigration issues with the United States as he started a tour of 3 border states.
    (AP, 11/5/03)
2003        Nov 4, A shootout in Arizona left 4 dead and 5 wounded along I-10. Police described a car chase and gun battle among immigrant smugglers.
    (WSJ, 11/5/03, p.A1)
2003        Nov 4, Richard M. Scrushy, former chairman of HealthSouth Corp., was indicted for participating in a nearly $3 billion accounting fraud.
    (WSJ, 11/4/03, p.A3)
2003        Nov 4, California firefighters gained control over record south state fires that killed 20 people and destroyed over 3,570 homes.
    (WSJ, 11/4/03, p.A1)
2003        Nov 4, It was reported that world sulfur stocks were at record highs and that the energy industry produces some 64 million tons a year, far more than needed.
    (WSJ, 11/4/03, p.A1)
2003        Nov 4, The Minasa Bone, an Indonesian fishing boat with 14 Kurds aboard, sought asylum on Melville Island, Australia. The government quickly moved to separate Melville Island from Australia for migratory purposes and forced the boat back to Indonesia.
    (Econ, 11/22/03, p.41)
2003        Nov 4, In eastern England Luke Walmsley (14) died from a single stab wound to the heart at Birkbeck School in the village of North Somercotes, near Louth. Police charged a 15-year-old boy with murder after the fatal stabbing.
    (AP, 11/6/03)
2003        Nov 4, Charles Causley (86), English poet, died.
    (Econ, 11/22/03, p.85)
2003        Nov 4,  Richard Arthur Wollheim, a philosophy professor whose writing on visual art and psychoanalysis made him one of the field's most innovative thinkers, died in London. He set out his views about visual art in "Painting as an Art," (1987). He was credited with coining the term "Minimalism" in his 1965 essay "Minimal Art," about monochromatic painting and Marcel Duchamp's piecing together of everyday objects into artworks. His 1968 book "Art and Its Objects" also won high praise. In 2006 his memoir “Germs" was published posthumously.
    (AP, 11/8/03)(WSJ, 10/28/06, p.P12)
2003        Nov 4, Germany's defense minister dismissed the head of the country's elite special forces after the general praised a conservative lawmaker under investigation for alleged anti-Semitic remarks.
    (AP, 11/4/03)
2003        Nov 4, Kenyan-born former physicist M.G. Vassanji was awarded this year's Giller Prize, Canada's most glamorous and lucrative literary award. He took home C$25,000 prize for his novel, "The In-Between World of Vikram Lall."
    (AP, 11/5/03)
2003        Nov 4, In Nigeria pirates armed with automatic rifles and dressed in camouflage fatigues ambushed a police boat in the troubled oil delta. 5 officers were missing and presumed killed.
    (AP, 11/6/03)
2003        Nov 4, Russia's embattled Yukos oil giant said it appointed Simon Kukes (56), a Russian-born US citizen as new chief executive to replace jailed chairman Mikhail Khodorkovsky, who resigned a day earlier.
    (AP, 11/4/03)(SFC, 11/4/03, p.A3)
2003        Nov 4, Sri Lanka's Pres. Kumaratunga suspended Parliament and deployed troops around the capital after firing three key cabinet ministers who were trying to coax Tamil rebels back into talks to end a 20-year civil war. Her PM and arch foe, Ranil Wickremessinghe, was in Washington to confer with Pres. Bush.
    (AP, 11/4/03)(WSJ, 11/6/03, p.A1)(SFC, 11/7/03, p.A3)

2003        Nov 5, Pres. Bush met with Congo Pres. Joseph Kabila, who sought assurances of continued US humanitarian aid. The US has committed $77 million this year.
    (SFC, 11/6/03, p.A3)
2003        Nov 5, President Bush signed a bill outlawing the procedure known by its critics as ''partial-birth abortion.'' Less than an hour later, a federal judge in Nebraska issued a temporary restraining order against the ban. In 2007 the US Supreme Court upheld the Partial Birth Abortion Ban Act.
    (WSJ, 11/6/03, p.A1)(AP, 11/5/08)
2003        Nov 5, Democratic presidential hopeful Howard Dean apologized for urging Democrats to court Southern whites who displayed Confederate flags on their pickup trucks.
    (AP, 11/5/04)
2003        Nov 5, In Seattle, Wa., Gary Leon Ridgeway pleaded guilty 48 consecutive times for the Green River murders that began in 1982. On Dec 18 he was sentenced to 48 consecutive life terms and ordered to pay $480,000.
    (SFC, 11/6/03, p.A1)(SFC, 12/19/03, p.A3)
2003        Nov 5, Mexican President Vicente Fox asked New Mexico state leaders for better treatment of illegal immigrants from his country.
    (AP, 11/5/03)
2003        Nov 5, Bobby Hatfield (63), the tenor half of The Righteous Brothers, who made "You've Lost That Lovin' Feeling" a worldwide hit, was found dead in a Kalamazoo, Mich., hotel. An autopsy revealed that his death was triggered by acute cocaine intoxication.
    (AP, 11/6/03)(SFC, 1/8/04, p.E5)
2003        Nov 5, Cambodia's three main parties agreed to form a tripartite coalition government with Prime Minister Hun Sen at the helm, ending a deadlock from inconclusive elections.
    (AP, 11/5/03)
2003        Nov 5, Chinese tycoon Aikelamu Aishayoufu was reported to be missing. His Xinjiang Hops Co. ran up liabilities totaling $100 million.
    (WSJ, 11/5/03, p.A1)
2003        Nov 5, In Georgia opposition parties protested for a 2nd day, accusing President Eduard Shevardnadze's government of rigging the results of parliamentary elections.
    (AP, 11/5/03)
2003        Nov 5, In Sri Lanka Pres. Kumaratunga declared a state of emergency.
    (Econ, 11/8/03, p.41)
2003        Nov 5, Two buses collided in northern Tanzania, killing at least 25 people.
    (AP, 11/5/03)

2003        Nov 6, Pres. Bush signed the $87.5 billion spending bill for Afghanistan and Iraq.
    (WSJ, 11/7/03, p.A1)(AP, 11/6/04)
2003        Nov 6, Federal judges in New York and California blocked a new ban on certain late-term abortions, a day after President Bush signed it into law.
    (AP, 11/6/04)
2003        Nov 6, The US Mint unveiled the new nickel
    (AP, 11/6/04)
2003        Nov 6, Gene scientists published a map in Nature that shows how DNA controls protein interactions in the fruit fly.
    (WSJ, 11/7/03, p.A1)
2003        Nov 6, Two American soldiers were killed near Baghdad and along the Syrian border. Polish forces suffered their first combat death when a Polish major was fatally wounded in an ambush south of the capital.
    (AP, 11/6/03)
2003        Nov 6, In the Congo Republic 9 people have died in a suspected outbreak of the deadly Ebola virus in a remote forest region where 120 were killed by the disease earlier this year.
    (Reuters, 11/7/03)
2003        Nov 6, In India workers burned down a house and killed 21 people from a rival trade union in a battle over jobs at an Indian tea farm.
    (AP, 11/6/03)
2003        Nov 6, Indonesia extended martial law and its military offensive in Aceh for 6 months.
    (SFC, 11/7/03, p.A9)
2003        Nov 6, In Saudi Arabia 2 suspected militants blew themselves up in Mecca when security forces tried to arrest them. A 3rd was shot to death by police during a raid in Riyadh.
    (AP, 11/6/03)

2003        Nov 7, The US and Russia signed an agreement under which Russia would retrieve, within the next 5 to 10 years, uranium from research reactors in 17 countries.
    (SSFC, 11/23/03, p.A16)
2003        Nov 7, The US Labor Dept. reported an increase of 126,000 jobs outside the farm sector for October.
    (SFC, 11/8/03, p.A1)
2003        Nov 7, The New Hampshire Supreme Court ruled that a lesbian affair did not constitute adultery under state law.
    (SFC, 11/8/03, p.A2)
2003        Nov 7, The Cincinnati Stock Exchange, located in Chicago, renamed itself the National Stock Exchange. The CBOE owned 68% of it.
    (Econ, 11/15/03, p.69)
2003        Nov 7, Prof. Donald Griffin (88) of Harvard, leading proponent of animal consciousness, died. "There is now abundant evidence of non-human cognition and consciousness."
    (WSJ, 11/28/03, p.B1)
2003        Nov 7, France and Russia signed an accord that is intended to pave the way for the eventual launch of Russian rockets from a French launch pad in South America.
    (AP, 11/7/03)
2003        Nov 7, In Tikrit, Iraq, an Army Black Hawk helicopter crashed, apparently shot down by insurgents, killing all six U.S. soldiers aboard. 2 other soldiers were killed near Mosul.
    (AP, 11/7/03)
2003        Nov 7, The Israeli Health Ministry announced the recall of Remedia, a Kosher infant formula, following 3 reported infant deaths. A production error had cut vitamin B-1.
    (AP, 11/9/03)(WSJ, 11/12/03, p.A1)
2003        Nov 7, The first UN peace missions to Liberia's rebel-held far east found deserted towns emptied of all but looting insurgents, and terrorized civilians under rebel grip or lying rotting, dead, in the bush.
    (AP, 11/8/03)
2003        Nov 7, Arab-dominated Mauritania held a presidential vote hoping to bring the West African nation's 1st change of power without a coup. Pres. Maaoya Sid'Ahmed Taya won the vote.
    (AP, 11/6/03)(AP, 11/9/03)
2003        Nov 7, The defending champion US baseball team failed to qualify for the 2004 Athens Olympics, losing to Mexico 2-1 in the quarterfinals of a qualifying tournament in Panama City, Panama.
    (AP, 11/7/08)
2003        Nov 7, Philippine security officers shot and killed the country's former top civil aviation official and a navy reserve officer as they seized the Manila airport control tower at gunpoint.
    (AP, 11/8/03)

2003        Nov 8, Howard Dean announced he would opt out of the system for publicly financing elections, and its imposed limits, to better compete against Pres. Bush.
    (SSFC, 11/9/03, p.A1)
2003        Nov 8, The new $188 million Carquinez Bridge in Vallejo, Ca., was dedicated. Costs reached $340 million with the approaches. Traffic began with massive tie-ups on Nov 11. It was named the Al Zampa Bridge, in honor of bridge worker Al Zampa (d.2000 at 95). A Nov 16th date was pushed forward a week to allow Gov. Davis to officiate.
    (SFC, 10/2/03, p.A15)(SFC, 10/17/03, p.A22)(SFC, 11/8/03, p.A19)(SFC, 11/12/03, p.A1)
2003        Nov 8, The AIDS infection rate in Botswana was reported to be 22% and that few people were taking advantage of treatment programs.
    (SFC, 11/8/03, p.A14)
2003        Nov 8, In Colombia Arcangel Clavijo, a member of the Liberal Party, was shot and killed in a nightclub near Cali.
    (AP, 11/9/03)
2003        Nov 8, In Iraq insurgents killed two US paratroopers and wounded another west of Baghdad. In Tikrit US F-16s battered suspected targets. 5 Iraqis were killed and 16 taken custody in "Operation Ivy Cyclone."
    (AP, 11/8/03)
2003        Nov 8, In Saudi Arabia a suicide car bombing that devastated a Riyadh housing complex, killing 17 people and wounding more than 120. Officials pointed to al-Qaida terrorists as responsible.
    (SSFC, 11/9/03, p.A1)(AP, 11/8/04)
2003        Nov 8, Rebels in northern Uganda killed more than 100 civilians in raids over the last five days. The Lord's Resistance Army raided villages in Lira district.
    (AP, 11/10/03)

2003        Nov 9, Endpcnoise.com, a Vancouver, Washington-based custom outlet, was reported to specialize in creating nearly silent PCs. These PCs can drop their noise levels to 25 or 26 decibels, while a human's lowest hearing threshold is generally considered to be about 20 decibels. A busy road is about 80 decibels and a quiet bedroom at night is about 30 decibels.
    (Reuters, 11/9/03)(www.endpcnoise.com)
2003        Nov 9, Art Carney (b.1918) died in Chester, Conn. He played Jackie Gleason's sewer worker pal Ed Norton in the TV classic "The Honeymooners" and went on to win the 1974 Oscar for best actor in "Harry and Tonto."
    (AP, 11/11/03)(SFC, 11/12/03, p.A2)
2003        Nov 9, Gordon Onslow (90), abstract painter, died in Inverness, Ca.
    (SFC, 11/13/03, p.A19)
2003        Nov 9, In Sao Paulo, Brazil, 87 inmates attempted a prison escape through a 390-foot tunnel. 48 were captured and 8 died when the tunnel collapsed.
    (AP, 11/10/03)
2003        Nov 9, Martha Lucia Ramirez, Colombia's first woman defense minister, resigned and she refused to take questions from reporters.
    (AP, 11/10/03)
2003        Nov 9, Guatemala held presidential elections. Polls showed that former Guatemala City Mayor Oscar Berger (57) was statistically tied with center-left engineer Alvaro Colom (52).
    (AP, 11/7/03)
2003        Nov 9, In central Iran a crowded bus collided with a truck and a second truck then smashed into the wreckage of the two vehicles, killing 36 people and wounding 7 others.
    (AP, 11/9/03)
2003        Nov 9, In Iraq a US military police soldier was killed in a rocket-propelled grenade attack south of Baghdad. In Sadr City Muhanad al-Kaabi, a US-appointed district chairman, was shot dead following an argument with a US soldier guarding his council's headquarters.
    (AP, 11/10/03)(WSJ, 11/12/03, p.A16)
2003        Nov 9, Israel's Cabinet narrowly approved a hotly contested prisoner swap with Lebanese Hezbollah guerrillas, by a 12-11 vote.
    (AP, 11/9/03)
2003        Nov 9, Japanese PM Junichiro Koizumi's ruling bloc won a majority in the country's parliamentary elections. The opposition made big gains, narrowing the ruling coalition's majority on parliament and dampening its hopes for a strong mandate to carry out ambitious economic and political reform.
    (AP, 11/9/03)(AP, 11/9/08)
2003        Nov 9, In Mauritania armed security forces arrested Mohamed Ould Khouna Haidalla, the top losing challenger from presidential elections in this Arab-dominated desert nation, detaining him after an overnight standoff at his campaign headquarters.
    (AP, 11/9/03)
2003        Nov 9, Palestinian PM Ahmed Qureia announced the formation of a Cabinet and said he will present it to parliament this week. It left Yasser Arafat in control of security forces.
    (AP, 11/9/03)
2003        Nov 9, Former Gov. Pedro Rossello won Puerto Rico's pro-statehood nomination for governor in a primary, clearing the way for him to run again in the territory's elections next year.
    (AP, 11/9/03)
2003        Nov 9, In South Korea labor activists and students battled riot police in one of the most violent protests in years. Dozens were injured. Protesters, estimated by police at 35,000 and by the labor confederation at 100,000, rallied in central Seoul to protest damages lawsuits that managers have filed against union leaders accused of staging illegal strikes.
    (AP, 11/9/03)
2003        Nov 9, Pope John Paul II in St. Peter's Square beatified two Spaniards, an Italian, a Belgian and a Frenchwoman.
    (AP, 11/9/03)
2003        Nov 9, I was reported that Tuvalu officials were searching nearby islands for relocation due to rising sea water. They planned to use some $45 million acquired by selling the .tv internet suffix.
    (SSFC, 11/9/03, p.C6)

2003        Nov 10, Democrat John Kerry shook up his faltering presidential campaign, replacing campaign manager Jim Jordan with Mary Beth Cahill.
    (AP, 11/10/08)
2003        Nov 10, Federal regulators allowed customers to switch home phone numbers to their cell phones.
    (AP, 11/10/04)
2003        Nov 10, A World Trade Organization panel upheld a ruling that U.S. duties on steel imports were illegal.
    (AP, 11/10/04)
2003        Nov 10, Irv Kupcinet (91), Chicago newspaper columnist and TV personality, died.
    (AP, 11/10/04)
2003        Nov 10, The US State Dept. distanced itself from a congressional push to capture toppled Liberian leader Charles Taylor in Nigeria via a $2 million reward.
    (SFC, 11/15/03, p.A9)
2003        Nov 10, In Burundi Hutu rebels bombarded the capital with rockets, killing 5 people, destroying part of the Chinese Embassy and striking the home of a U.S. military attache.
    (AP, 11/10/03)
2003        Nov 10, With 20 percent of the vote counted, former Guatemala City Mayor Oscar Berger had 47.6 percent of the vote compared with 26.4 percent for center-left candidate Alvaro Colom and 11.2 percent for retired Gen. Efrain Rios Montt.
    (AP, 11/10/03)
2003        Nov 10, A top Iranian official said that his country had suspended its enrichment of uranium and sent a letter to the IAEA accepting additional inspections of its nuclear facilities.
    (AP, 11/10/03)
2003        Nov 10, PM Junichiro Koizumi's ruling party clawed its way back to a simple majority in parliament following elections that strengthened the main opposition party.
    (AP, 11/10/03)
2003        Nov 10, Canaan Sodindo Banana (b.1936), the first black president of Zimbabwe (1980-1987), died after a long illness. In 1998, Banana was sentenced to 10 years in prison for his role in a gay sex scandal, but served only 6 months.
    (AP, 11/11/03)(Econ, 11/29/03, p.85)

2003        Nov 11, President Bush's top foreign advisers summoned L. Paul Bremer, Iraq's U.S. administrator, for hurried White House talks focused on their growing frustrations with the Iraqi Governing Council and a logjam in transferring political power to Iraqis.
    (AP, 11/11/04)
2003        Nov 11, It was reported that gene scientists had determined that a genetic variation helped slowed the creation of bad cholesterol and helped explain why some people lived longer. [see 1974]
    (WSJ, 11/11/03, p.A1)
2003        Nov 11, Toronto's Roy Halladay won the American League Cy Young Award.
    (AP, 11/11/08)
2003        Nov 11, In Galveston, Texas, Robert A. Durst, NY multimillionaire who admitted to butchering his neighbor Morris Black, was acquitted of the man's murder.
    (SFC, 11/12/03, p.A1)
2003        Nov 11, An Afghan soldier fired on a coalition convoy at a checkpoint in southern Afghanistan, killing 1 Romanian soldier and wounding a convoy member before escaping.
    (AP, 11/12/03)
2003        Nov 11, The British government said it wants to introduce compulsory identity cards to protect against illegal immigration, welfare fraud and terrorism. Implementation is years away.
    (AP, 11/11/03)
2003        Nov 11, In Beijing former President Clinton called on China and the US to overcome their differences on trade, saying the two powers must learn to work together to conquer common threats like AIDS, terrorism and global warming.
    (AP, 11/11/03)
2003        Nov 11, Colombia's housing and environment minister stepped down, becoming the 3rd member of President Alvaro Uribe's Cabinet forced out in a week.
    (AP, 11/11/03)
2003        Nov 11, The commander of the Colombian National Police and five other senior police officers resigned following evidence that the lawmen in Medellin dined in the most exclusive restaurants, bought expensive jewelry and staged lavish parties, all on government money.
    (AP, 11/12/03)
2003        Nov 11, In Colombia a radio talk show host was shot dead outside her home in the coastal city of Santa Marta.
    (AP, 11/11/03)
2003        Nov 11, Dominican Republic police fired rubber bullets at rock-throwing protesters during a general strike. At least 6 people were reported killed and 60 injured.
    (AP, 11/12/03)
2003        Nov 11, In Iraq US troops opened fire on a truck carrying live chickens near the tense town of Fallujah, killing 5 civilians aboard the vehicle, including a father and his two sons.
    (AP, 11/12/03) 
2003        Nov 11, In Iraq an explosion on a road frequently used by British troops killed 6 civilians in Basra. The military detained about 20 people suspected of links to al-Qaida.
    (AP, 11/11/03)
2003        Nov 11, The Kurdish guerrilla group that battled the Turkish army for some 15 years announced that it was dissolving itself and was planning to form a new group that would likely would pursue Kurdish rights through negotiations. The Kurdistan Workers Party changed its name to the Congress for Freedom and Democracy in Kurdistan, or KADEK, last year.
    (AP, 11/11/03)
2003        Nov 11, Maldives Pres. Maumoon Abdul Gayoom (65) was sworn in for a record sixth term, becoming the longest-serving head of state in Asia.
    (AP, 11/11/03)
2003        Nov 11, Mexican diplomat Adolfo Aguilar Zinser (1949-2005), gave a speech to students at Mexico City's Ibero-American University, in which he claimed that the political and intellectual class of the United States sees Mexico as "a country whose position is that of a back yard" (patio trasero) and that Washington was only interested in "a relationship of convenience and subordination" and "a weekend fling" (un noviazgo de fin de semana). President Fox requested his resignation on 18 November.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adolfo_Aguilar_Z%C3%Adnser)

2003        Nov 12, President Bush and his top foreign advisers reviewed new strategies to speed the transfer of political power in Iraq.
    (AP, 11/12/04)
2003        Nov 12, US Senators began a 40-hour marathon session over the Democrat's refusal to confirm several of Pres. Bush's judicial nominees.
    (SFC, 11/13/03, p.A1)
2003        Nov 12, Research showed that Pfizer's drug Lipitor lowered LDL cholesterol levels.
    (SFC, 11/13/03, p.A1)
2003        Nov 12, Actor Jonathan Brandis (27) died in Los Angeles.
    (AP, 11/12/04)
2003        Nov 12, Penny Singleton (b.1908), film actress born as Dorothy McNulty, died. She played in 28 movies and was the voice of Blondie on radio (1939-1950). She was also the voice of Jane Jetson in the futuristic TV cartoon.
    (SFC, 11/15/03, p.A23)
2003        Nov 12, In Argentina thunderstorms swept across the country, causing widespread damage and at least 12 deaths from accidents, falling trees and electrocutions.
    (AP, 11/12/03)
2003        Nov 12, In Colombia Gen. Jorge Enrique Mora, commander of the armed forces, became the latest senior official to quit his post. President Alvaro Uribe chose an old friend, Jorge Alberto Uribe, as the new defense minister.
    (AP, 11/13/03)
2003        Nov 12, A convoy carrying radioactive waste from a French reprocessing plant reached a storage site in northern Germany.
    (AP, 11/13/03)
2003        Nov 12, In Iraq a suicide truck bomber attacked the headquarters of Italy's paramilitary police in Nasiriyah, killing 31 people, including 18 Italians, and possibly trapping others.
    (AP, 11/12/03)(AP, 11/13/03)
2003        Nov 12, Imelda Ortiz Abdala, a former Mexican consul to Lebanon, was arrested on charges of helping a smuggling ring move Arab migrants into the United States from Mexico. Federal agents over the previous 2 days arrested alleged ring leader Salim Boughader Mucharrafille along with alleged collaborators Melissa Ataja Valdez and Orlando Alfaro, in Tijuana. Ortiz Abdala was released in Feb 2005 after Foreign Relations Department officials testified that she acted properly and was never in a position to authorize visas on her own, according to Mexican court documents.
    (AP, 11/13/03)(AP, 7/15/05)

2003        Nov 13, Pres. Bush said the US wants Iraqis to take more responsibility for governing their troubled country and said coalition forces are determined to prevail over terrorists.
    (AP, 11/13/03)
2003        Nov 13, The US Energy Dept reported that Dr. Craig Venter and colleagues had assembled a bacteriophage containing 5,386 DNA base pairs.
    (SFC, 11/14/03, p.A7)
2003        Nov 13, Alabama Chief Justice Roy Moore, who had refused to remove his granite Ten Commandments monument from the state courthouse, was thrown off the bench by a judicial ethics panel for having "placed himself above the law."
    (AP, 11/13/04)
2003        Nov 13, Eric Gagne of the Los Angeles Dodgers won the National League Cy Young Award.
    (AP, 11/13/04)
2003        Nov 13, Baseball officials said 5% of anonymous samples showed steroids present, triggering mandatory tests next year.
    (WSJ, 11/14/03, p.A1)
2003        Nov 13, Dana Stubblefield, SF 49er defensive lineman, made false statements to an IRS agent just days before drug tests showed he had taken steroids. In 2008 he pleaded guilty to lying about his use of performance-enhancing drugs. He was the first football player prosecuted in the BALCO steroid scandal.
    (SFC, 1/19/08, p.B1)
2003        Nov 13, Cocaine was reported to generate as much as $500 million of Bolivia's $8.5 billion economic output. Nearly 30,000 acres of coca production was allowed for domestic use.
    (WSJ, 11/13/03, p.A14)
2003        Nov 13, In Haiti hundreds of government opponents protested in Port-au-Prince, calling for the resignation of President Jean-Bertrand Aristide because of deepening poverty and insecurity in the Caribbean country.
    (AP, 11/13/03)
2003        Nov 13, Mitoyo Kawate, a 114-year-old Japanese woman who just weeks ago assumed the title of the world's oldest person, died. The oldest person is now Charlotte Benkner, of North Lima, Ohio, born Nov. 16, 1889.
    (AP, 11/13/03)
2003        Nov 13, Palestinian and Israeli officials said they expect their leaders to meet for peace talks, possibly within 10 days.
    (AP, 11/13/03)
2003        Nov 13, Svetozar Marovic, Serbia-Montenegro's president, apologized in Sarajevo for the pain his country inflicted upon Bosnia during the 1992-95 war.
    (AP, 11/14/03)
2003        Nov 13, Serbia dissolved its parliament and announced early elections, signaling the collapse of the government three years after the ouster of Slobodan Milosevic. PM Zoran Zivkovic to agree, under pressure from political defectors and Milosevic supporters, to set a new parliamentary vote for Dec. 28, a year ahead of schedule.
    (AP, 11/14/03)
2003        Nov 13, In central Vietnam Tropical Storm Nepartak triggered floods and landslides that killed at least 49 people.
    (AP, 11/15/03)

2003        Nov 14, The Bush administration announced that it intends to hand over sovereignty to the Iraqis by June 30, 2004.
    (SSFC, 4/11/04, p.A22)
2003        Nov 14, The White House honored winners of the National Medal for the Humanities.
    (SFC, 11/14/03, p.I10)
2003        Nov 14, John Kerry became the second Democratic hopeful to opt out of public financing for his presidential run, following the example of rival Howard Dean.
    (AP, 11/14/04)
2003        Nov 14, In Pittsburgh, Pa., a 3rd person died from an outbreak of hepatitis A that infected nearly 600 people. They all had recently eaten at a Chi-Chi's Mexican mall restaurant. Green onions were blamed for the outbreak.
    (SFC, 11/15/03, p.A3)(AP, 11/16/03)(SFC, 11/22/03, p.A5)
2003        Nov 14, Paul Martin completed his 13-year ascent to the top of Canadian politics, claiming the leadership of the governing Liberal Party to guarantee he will succeed Jean Chretien, who is retiring as prime minister.
    (AP, 11/14/03)
2003        Nov 14, China and India began 1st ever joint naval exercises.
    (SFC, 11/13/03, p.A7)
2003        Nov 14, In Colombia some 800 members of the Cacique Nutibara block of the AUC paramilitary said they would lay down their arms on Nov 25.
    (SFC, 11/15/03, p.A3)
2003        Nov 14, In Greece gay protesters smooched in public to demonstrate against Greek TV regulators who fined a station $116,000 for broadcasting a scene of two men kissing.
    (AP, 11/14/03)
2003        Nov 14, In Haiti riot police fired tear gas at thousands of rock-throwing protesters as a demonstration against President Jean-Bertrand Aristide was overpowered by throngs of supporters of the Haitian leader.
    (AP, 11/15/03)
2003        Nov 14, Near Tikrit, Iraq, an Apache helicopter attacked and killed 7 people believed to have been preparing a rocket attack on a US base.
    (AP, 11/14/03)
2003        Nov 14, In Israel 4 former security chiefs warned that the country is headed for disaster unless PM Ariel Sharon reverses course and moves to settle the conflict with the Palestinians.
    (AP, 11/14/03)
2003        Nov 14, In southern Russia an explosion apparently caused by a remote-controlled bomb ripped through a house, killing 4 Interior Ministry soldiers and wounding at least 8.
    (AP, 11/14/03)
2003        Nov 14, Maj. Gen. Paul Rwarakabije, the leader of a rebel group that includes fighters who participated in Rwanda's 1994 genocide surrendered to Rwandan government forces.
    (AP, 11/15/03)

2003        Nov 15, In Louisiana Democratic Lt. Gov. Kathleen Blanco (60) defeated conservative Indian-American Bobby Jindal with 52 percent of the vote in a runoff election.
    (AP, 11/16/03)
2003        Nov 15, Dorothy Loudon (70), actress, died.
    (AP, 11/15/04)
2003        Nov 15, Laurence Tisch (80), NY billionaire, died at NYU Medical Center. He and his brother Preston Robert gained control of Loews movie house chain in 1960 and developed the business into a conglomerate of hotels, insurance, cigarette manufacturers, movie theaters, oil tankers and watch making that served as a vehicle for other investments.
    (SSFC, 11/16/03, p.A29)
2003        Nov 15, In Colombia suspected FARC rebels threw grenades at two crowded bars in Bogota’s "Zona Rosa," or Pink Zone nightclub district, injuring at least 42 people. In 2004 Arturo Montano (26) was convicted of terrorism by Bogota's 5th Penal Court for the attacks.
    (AP, 11/16/03)(AP, 10/13/04)
2003        Nov 15, In St. Nazaire, France, a gangway to the Queen Mary 2, the world's largest passenger ship, collapsed as people were boarding killing 16 people and injuring 32 others.  The victims were family members visiting workers involved in construction of the nearly finished, 21-story-tall ocean liner.
    (AP, 11/15/03)(AP, 11/16/03)
2003        Nov 15, The Iraqi Governing Council and the US-led occupation administration in Iraq signed an agreement to speed up the transfer of power to the IGC by July, 2004, after a transitional government is selected and assumes sovereignty.
    (AP, 11/15/03)(WSJ, 4/19/04, p.A14)
2003        Nov 15, Two US Army Black Hawk helicopters collided under fire and crashed in the northern Iraqi city of Mosul, killing at least 17 soldiers.
    (AP, 11/16/03)(SSFC, 11/16/03, p.A1)
2003        Nov 15, In Iraq insurgents and looters overran US bases in Samara when soldiers left in an effort to let Iraqis handle security.
    (WSJ, 11/19/03, p.A1)
2003        Nov 15, Japanese officials told Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld they were confident their country would not be left vulnerable by any agreements between the US and North Korea. They also indicated they would like to send troops to Iraq "as soon as possible."
    (AP, 11/15/03)
2003        Nov 15, Mohamed Choukri (68), a Moroccan writer whose tales about his experiences with drugs and homosexuality were banned at home, died in Tangiers. His best-known work, "For Bread Alone" (1981),  was published in Paris and told of his difficult adolescence.
    (AP, 11/16/03)
2003        Nov 15, In Nepal a roadside bomb believed planted by rebels killed a brigadier general and three soldiers.
    (AP, 11/15/03)
2003        Nov 15, In Turkey twin car bombs exploded outside Istanbul synagogues filled with worshippers during Sabbath prayers, killing at least 23 people and wounding more than 300. In all 14 Muslims were killed. 6 Jews were killed at Beth Israel.
    (AP, 11/16/03)(SSFC, 11/16/03, p.A1)

2003        Nov 16, In Afghanistan Bettina Goislard, a French UN worker, was shot and killed by a man on a motorcycle who opened fire on her car. In 2004 Zia Ahmad and Abdul Nabi were sentenced to death for the murder.
    (AP, 11/16/03)(SFC, 2/11/04, p.A3)
2003        Nov 16, Burundi's government signed a comprehensive power-sharing plan with the Hutu FDD, country's largest rebel group, a major step toward ending a 10-year war that has killed at least 200,000 people.
    (AP, 11/16/03)(Econ, 8/14/04, p.44)
2003        Nov 16, Serbia failed for a 3rd time in just over a year to elect a president because voter turnout was below the 50 percent minimum required by the law. Tomislav Nikolic, head of the nationalist Serbian Radical Party, led the vote.
    (WSJ, 11/13/03, p.A1)(AP, 11/17/03)(Econ, 11/22/03, p.49)
2003        Nov 16, Catalans chose among parties all pledging to seek greater autonomy or independence from Spain in elections that will give the wealthy region a new leader for the first time in almost a quarter century.
    (AP, 11/16/03)

2003        Nov 17, John Allen Muhammad was convicted of masterminding the 2002 sniper attacks in the Washington DC region.
    (SFC, 11/18/03, p.A1)
2003        Nov 17, Arnold Schwarzenegger, who arrived in the United States 35 years ago as a bodybuilder dreaming of fame and fortune, was sworn in as the 38th governor of California in a low key inauguration ceremony. He immediately rolled back the state's 300% increase in the vehicle license fee, which would have produced some $4 billion in annual revenue.
    (AP, 11/17/03)(SFC, 11/18/03, p.A1)
2003        Nov 17, Travelers and St. Paul agreed to merge in a $16.4 billion deal that would create one of the largest US property-casualty insurers.
    (WSJ, 1/2/04, p.R12)
2003        Nov 17, Texas Rangers shortstop Alex Rodriguez won the American League Most Valuable Player award.
    (AP, 11/17/04)
2003        Nov 17, An Egyptian mediator reached agreement with Palestinian leaders to start cease-fire talks among militants within 2 days.
    (SFC, 11/18/03, p.A3)
2003        Nov 17, In Greece riot squads fired tear gas to disperse groups protesters throwing gasoline bombs and rocks at police guarding the US Embassy as thousands marched during a rally held to mark the anniversary of a student-led uprising in 1973. Demonstrations are held each year to protest the belief that Washington gave vital support to the 1967-74 military dictatorship that crushed the student rebellion.
    (AP, 11/17/03)
2003        Nov 17, Mexico dismissed UN Ambassador Adolfo Aguilar following his comments that the US regards Mexico as a 2nd-class country.
    (SFC, 11/19/03, p.A17)

2003        Nov 18, Pres. Bush brought a forceful defense of the Iraq invasion to skeptical Britons, arguing that history proves war is sometimes necessary when certain values are threatened.
    (AP, 11/18/03)
2003        Nov 18, California Gov. Schwarzenegger laid out a plan for a $15 billion bond issue to ease the state budget crises.
    (WSJ, 11/19/03, p.A1)
2003        Nov 18, A judge in Modesto, Calif., ordered Scott Peterson to stand trial for the killing of his wife, Laci, and their unborn son. Peterson was later convicted and sentenced to death.
    (AP, 11/18/08)
2003        Nov 18, The Massachusetts Supreme Court ruled 4-3 that a ban on same sex marriage is illegal. Lawmakers were given 180 days to allow gay marriages.
    (SFC, 11/19/03, p.A1)(WSJ, 11/19/03, p.A1)
2003        Nov 18, Some 30 Taliban guerrillas attacked a road checkpoint in southern Afghanistan, killing three militiamen and wounding two others. The UN refugee agency began pulling foreign staff out of Afghanistan after the killing of French worker.
    (AP, 11/19/03)(AP, 11/18/04)
2003        Nov 18, A Palestinian gunman, his rifle wrapped in a prayer mat, walked to a West Bank checkpoint and killed two Israeli soldiers at close range.
    (AP, 11/18/03)
2003        Nov 18, The UN war crimes tribunal issued an indictment against former Croatian Serb leader Milan Babic on five counts of war crimes for a campaign of ethnic cleansing in the Krajina region of Croatia early in the Balkan wars.
    (AP, 11/18/03)(WSJ, 11/19/03, p.A1)
2003        Nov 18, In Zimbabwe police broke up demonstrations across the country against President Robert Mugabe's autocratic rule, arresting nearly 90 protesters, including 14 leaders of Zimbabwe's main labor federation.
    (AP, 11/18/03)

2003        Nov 19, Shirley Hazzard won the US National Book Award for her novel "The Great Fire." The non-fiction prize went to Prof. Carlos Eire of Yale for "Waiting for Snow in Havana," a memoir of his family living under Castro in Cuba.
    (SFC, 11/20/03, p.A2)
2003        Nov 19, In London, Pres. Bush urged Europe to put aside bitter war disagreements with the US and work to build democracy in Iraq or risk turning the nation over to terrorists.
    (AP, 11/19/04)
2003        Nov 19, A US-Canadian investigation found that the Aug. 14 blackout should have been contained by operators at Ohio's FirstEnergy Corporation. Investigators also faulted Midwest regional monitors.
    (AP, 11/19/04)
2003        Nov 19, The 2-year-old Transportation Security Administration (TSA) held a banquet at the Grand Hyatt in Washington DC that cost $461,745 for some 600 honorees and as many guests.
    (SFC, 10/15/04, p.A7)
2003        Nov 19, An American guided missile frigate sailed into Ho Chi Minh City flying the US and Vietnamese flags, becoming the first US warship to dock in the communist country since the Vietnam War.
    (AP, 11/19/03)
2003        Nov 19, Rebel holdouts in Burundi clashed with government troops in a capital slum, killing 11 people, mainly noncombatants caught in the crossfire.
    (AP, 11/20/03)
2003        Nov 19, In Canada Justice Minister Martin Cauchon has ordered fugitive banker Rakesh Saxena to surrender to Thailand to face allegations that he looted a Bangkok bank.
    (AP, 11/19/03)
2003        Nov 19, In Ramadi, Iraq, a car bomb exploded late outside the home of a pro-American tribal leader, killing one child.
    (AP, 11/19/03)
2003        Nov 19, A Jordanian truck driver fired on a crowd of tourists crossing into Israel, killing one and wounding four, in an attack near the Red Sea resort of Eilat. The gunman was killed by Israeli security personnel.
    (AP, 11/19/03)
2003        Nov 19, South Africa said it would provide free AIDS drugs.
    (WSJ, 1/2/04, p.R12)
2003        Nov 19, Turkish authorities arrested six people in connection with the suicide bombings of two Istanbul synagogues.
    (AP, 11/19/03)

2003        Nov 20, In Florida ministers from 34 countries announced a framework to establish a Free Trade Area of the Americas" (FTAA), as police clashed with hundreds of demonstrators.
    (SFC, 11/21/03, p.A12)(AP, 11/20/04)
2003        Nov 20, Michael Jackson turned himself over to police in Santa Barbara, Ca., on an arrest warrant alleging multiple counts of child molestation. He posted a $3 million bail bond. Jackson was later acquitted at trial.
    (AP, 11/20/08)
2003        Nov 20, Record producer Phil Spector was charged with murder in the fatal shooting of actress, Lana Clarkson, on Feb 3, 2003, at his home in Alhambra, Calif.
    (AP, 11/20/04)(SFC, 9/27/07, p.A2)
2003        Nov 20, Motor Trend named the Toyota's hybrid Prius as "Car of the Year."
    (AP, 11/20/03)   
2003        Nov 20, Advanced Micro Devices said it would build  $2.4 billion chip factory in Germany to produce microprocessors on 300-mm silicon wafers.
    (SFC, 11/21/03, p.B1)
2003        Nov 20, Eugene Kleiner (80), California pioneer venture capitalist, died.
    (Econ, 12/6/03, p.79)
2003        Nov 20, In Canada Conrad Black, newspaper magnate, stepped down as CEO of Hollinger Int'l. following reports that he other top officials received unauthorized payments of some $32.2 million.
    (WSJ, 11/28/03, p.A1)
2003        Nov 20, David Dacko (76), the first president of Central African Republic as an independent nation (1960-1966, 1979-1981), died.
    (AP, 11/21/03)
2003        Nov 20, Britain’s Criminal Justice Act of 2003 received royal Assent. The reforms included an allowance for a re-trial for certain crimes in the light of new and compelling evidence, which amended the common-law principle of double jeopardy.
    (www.opsi.gov.uk/ACTS/en2003/2003en44.htm)
2003        Nov 20, Tens of thousands of demonstrators in London burned an effigy of President Bush to show their anger over the Iraq war.
    (AP, 11/20/04)
2003        Nov 20, In Kirkuk, Iraq, a bomb apparently hidden in a pickup truck exploded at the offices of a US-allied Kurdish political party, killing five people and wounding 40.
    (AP, 11/20/03)
2003        Nov 20, A group of UN agencies is asking for $221 million in international aid for North Korea, where food shortages, poverty and poor health care services have put the country in a state of "chronic emergency."
    (AP, 11/20/03)
2003        Nov 20, The London Privy Council ruled that Trinidad's mandatory death penalty for murder convictions was unconstitutional, forcing the country to begin giving discretion to judges when handing out sentences.
    (AP, 11/21/03)
2003        Nov 20, In Turkey trucks packed with explosives blew up at the HSBC London-based bank and the British consulate. The 32 people were killed included London's consul-general Roger Short. Some 450 people were wounded.
    (AP, 11/20/03)(WSJ, 11/21/03, p.A1)(SFC, 12/1/03, p.A16)

2003        Nov 21, Health officials said a deadly outbreak of hepatitis A at a Chi-Chi's Mexican restaurant in suburban Pittsburgh was probably caused by green onions from Mexico.
    (AP, 11/21/04)
2003        Nov 21, The Air Force conducted a 2nd test of the "Mother of All Bombs," officially the Massive Ordnance Air Blast, in Florida. It was 1st tested Mar 11.
    (AP, 11/21/03)
2003        Nov 21, In northern Afghanistan at least 60 suspected Taliban and Taliban sympathizers were released from Shibergan jail in Jawzjan province.
    (AP, 11/22/03)
2003        Nov 21, In Bolivia assailants shot and killed Jessica Nicole Borda (22), the daughter of an American consular official, during a carjacking attempt in the eastern city of Santa Cruz.
    (AP, 11/21/03)
2003        Nov 21, In Brazil Pres. Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva pledged to provide homesteads for 400,000 poor farm families by 2006. His Bolsa Familia plan merged 4 income transfer programs into one with payments to the poorest families of up to 95 reais ($33) a month.
    (Econ, 10/25/03, p.35)(AP, 11/22/03)
2003        Nov 21, In Colombia Rev. Jose Rubin Rodriguez, a Catholic priest who was missing for a week, was found shot to death. The army captured a suspected rebel who it says coordinated the kidnapping of eight foreign backpackers two months ago.
    (AP, 11/22/03)
2003        Nov 21, More than a dozen rockets fired from donkey carts slammed into Iraq's Oil Ministry and two downtown Baghdad hotels used by foreign journalists and civilian defense contractors.
    (AP, 11/21/04)
2003        Nov 21, Peru's Pres. Toledo apologized for the 70,000 deaths from the country's 20-year battle with the Shining Path insurgency, and promised to punish officers that a scathing report blamed for many of the worst abuses.
    (AP, 11/22/03)

2003        Nov 22, A Medicare prescription drug bill narrowly passed the House, 220-215, following a dusk-to-dawn debate.
    (AP, 11/22/04)
2003        Nov 22, North Dakota student Dru Sjodin (22) was last seen at the Grand Forks, ND, mall, where she worked. Her body was found the following April near Crookston, Minn. Suspect Alfonso Rodriguez Jr., released from prison 6-months before the murder, pleaded innocent to kidnapping resulting in Sjodin's death. In 2006 a jury found Rodriguez (53) guilty of kidnapping and killing Sjodin and was sentenced to death. North Dakota’s last execution was in 1905.
    (SSFC, 4/18/04, p.A13)(AP, 11/22/04)(SFC, 8/31/06, p.A7)(SFC, 9/23/06, p.A3)
2003        Nov 22, North Dakota student Dru Sjodin (22) was last seen at the Grand Forks, ND, mall, where she worked. Her body was found the following April near Crookston, Minn. Suspect Alfonso Rodriguez Jr., released from prison 6-months before the murder, pleaded innocent to kidnapping resulting in Sjodin's death. In 2006 Rodriguez (53) was found guilty of kidnapping and killing Sjodin.
    (SSFC, 4/18/04, p.A13)(AP, 11/22/04)(SFC, 8/31/06, p.A7)
2003        Nov 22, In China a gas explosion at the Sundian coal mine in Hunan province killed 14 people, while 9 were still missing.
    (AP, 11/24/03)
2003        Nov 22, Opposition supporters broke into Georgia's Parliament and took it over, scuffling with lawmakers and forcing President Eduard Shevardnadze to flee as thousands of protesters outside demanded his resignation.
    (AP, 11/22/03)
2003        Nov 22, In India suspected separatist rebels on bicycles shot and killed 11 workers in northeastern Assam state, which has been plagued by clashes between people native to the region and those from the neighboring area of Bihar. The dispute has been chiefly about access to government railroad jobs.
    (AP, 11/22/03)
2003        Nov 22, In Iraq suicide attackers detonated bomb-packed vehicles at 2 police stations in Kahn Bani Saad and Baquoba. 11 police officers and 5 civilians were killed.
    (AP, 11/22/03)(SSFC, 11/23/03, p.A18)
2003        Nov 22, A DHL Airbus cargo jet transporting mail in Iraq was struck and damaged by a MANPAD. Though hit in the left fuel tank, the plane was able to return to the Baghdad airport and land safely.
    (AP, 6/11/13)
2003        Nov 22, In Israel gunmen shot and killed 2 private Israeli guards at a construction site for the disputed barrier near Jerusalem.
    (SSFC, 11/23/03, p.A17)
2003        Nov 22, In Lithuania thousands of protesters rallied near President Rolandas Paksas' office in Vilnius, demanding his resignation amid allegations that he has ties with a businessman involved with organized crime.
    (AP, 11/22/03)
2003        Nov 22, Five Pakistani prisoners arrived home after being freed by American authorities from the US detention facility in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
    (AP, 11/22/03)
2003        Nov 22, A methane explosion in a Turkish coal mine killed at least three miners and trapped another seven in the collapsed mine.
    (AP, 11/22/03)

2003        Nov 23, Adolfo “Big Al" Bruno (57), a regional Mafia boss, was killed in Springfield, Mass. In 2008 Frankie Roche (35), a low level Mafia member, admitted to the murder.
    (SFC, 4/18/08, p.A4)
2003        Nov 23, In Afghanistan a transport helicopter carrying US troops that crashed just north of Kabul, killing five Americans and injuring seven.
    (AP, 11/22/04)
2003        Nov 23, Russian special forces killed 17 militants near the Chechen village of Serzhen-Yurt. The Kremlin later displayed passports belonging to an Algerian, 3 Turks and Thomas Fischer (25), a German, who were among the dead.
    (SFC, 12/25/03, p.A11)(WSJ, 10/14/04, p.A14)
2003        Nov 23, The Croatian Nationalist Democratic Union (HDZ), led by Ivo Sanader, won parliamentary elections.
    (AP, 11/24/03)(Econ, 11/29/03, p.47)
2003        Nov 23, Georgian President Eduard Shevardnadze signed his resignation papers as leaders of protesters already occupying parliament urged tens of thousands of supporters to seize more organs of state power and some military units defected to the jubilant protesters thronging the capital's streets. Nino Burdzhanadze, leader of the United Democrats opposition, declared herself acting president and announced a new election within 45 days.
    (AP, 11/23/03)(SSFC, 11/23/03, p.A3)
2003        Nov 23, Hong Kong residents voted in elections seen as a showdown between pro-Beijing politicians and democratic candidates. Voters turned out in record numbers to hand the territory's top pro-Beijing party a stunning defeat in local elections.
    (AP, 11/23/03)(AP, 11/24/03)
2003        Nov 23, The Indonesian military reported it had killed six suspected rebels and captured four others during clashes in Aceh province.
    (AP, 11/23/03)
2003        Nov 23, In Iraq the Governing Council named Rend Rahim Francke, an Iraqi-American woman and veteran lobbyist who has criticized Washington as being shortsighted in Iraq, as its ambassador to the United States.
    (AP, 11/23/03)
2003        Nov 23, In Iraq gunmen killed two American soldiers driving through Mosul, and then a crowd swarmed the scene, looting the soldiers' vehicle and pummeling their bodies. Another soldier was killed in a roadside bombing north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 11/23/03)
2003        Nov 23, Myanmar's military government released 4 top opposition party members from house arrest, but pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi and 4 others continued in detention.
    (AP, 11/23/03)

2003        Nov 24, Pres. Bush signed a $401.3 billion Pentagon spending bill. The president then traveled to Fort Carson, Colo., where he paid tribute to the sacrifices of U.S. troops in Iraq.
    (WSJ, 11/25/03, p.A1)(AP, 11/24/08)
2003        Nov 24, A new US FCC regulation allowed cell phone users to transfer their numbers to a different carrier beginning today.
    (SFC, 11/24/03, p.A1)
2003        Nov 24, The US Dept. of Commerce said it would impose tariffs on Chinese-made television sets that it ruled were being sold below fair market price in the US.
    (SFC, 11/27/03, p.C3)
2003        Nov 24, A Virginia jury decided that John Allen Muhammad, convicted of masterminding the 2002 sniper attacks in the Washington DC region, should be executed.
    (SFC, 11/25/03, p.A3)
2003        Nov 24, Warner Music was born when Edgar Bronfman Jr. and a group of investors paid $2.6 billion for Time Warner’s music division. In 2011 oil magnate Len Blavatnik agreed to pay $3.3 billion for Warner Music Group.
    (Econ, 5/14/11, p.82)
2003        Nov 24, Warren Spahn (82), the Hall of Fame pitcher who won more games than any other left-hander in history, died in Broken Arrow, Ok.
    (AP, 11/24/03)
2003        Nov 24, British PM Tony Blair and French President Jacques Chirac confronted the sensitive issue of European defense and in a show of unity announced plans for a small rapid-reaction force of EU peacekeepers.
    (AP, 11/24/03)
2003        Nov 24, The Croatian Nationalist Democratic Union (HDZ), which led the drive to independence and later into isolation, began negotiating with potential partners to form a new government after winning parliamentary elections.
    (AP, 11/24/03)
2003        Nov 24, The US-appointed government raided the offices of Al-Arabiya television, banned its broadcasts from Iraq for broadcasting an audiotape a week ago of a voice it said belonged to Saddam Hussein.
    (AP, 11/24/03)
2003        Nov 24, Gunmen in Mosul ambushed US soldiers on patrol with a roadside bomb then opened fire on them, wounding one.
    (AP, 11/24/03)
2003        Nov 24, In Russia an early-morning fire raced through a Moscow dormitory packed with students from Africa, Asia and Latin America, killing at least 32 people and injuring 139. The toll climbed to 42 with the death of a Chinese student who suffered serious burns.
    (AP, 11/24/03)(AP, 12/18/03)

2003        Nov 25, The US Senate gave final congressional approval to historic Medicare legislation combining a new prescription drug benefit with measures to control costs before the baby boom generation reaches retirement age.
    (WSJ, 11/3/04, p.A6)(AP, 11/25/08)
2003        Nov 25, The US Commerce Dept. Reported profits at American companies rose 30% in the 3rd quarter compared to a year earlier.
    (WSJ, 11/26/03, p.A1)
2003        Nov 25, Gail Knisley (62) was shot and killed while riding in a car on a highway in Columbus, Ohio. It was the only fatality in a series of shootings that terrified area drivers. A suspect, Charles A. McCoy Jr., was arrested March 17, 2004. McCoy later pleaded guilty to manslaughter and 10 other charges, and was sentenced to 27 years in prison.
    (AP, 11/25/04)(AP, 11/25/08)
2003        Nov 25, In Cambodia PM Hun Sen's nephew was arrested on murder charges for allegedly shooting to death two people after a car crash.
    (AP, 11/25/03)
2003        Nov 25, In Colombia 800 fighters of a feared right-wing militia piled their weapons and ammunition on the floor in a disarmament ceremony touted by the government as a first step toward ending four decades of war. The army recovered a body believed to be that of a Japanese businessman abducted more than three years ago.
    (AP, 11/25/03)
2003        Nov 25, In Colombia Abelardo Forero (91), a journalist and politician who tried to soothe a nation wracked by violence, died. In 1978, Forero launched a television show, "The Past in the Present," that brought to life Colombia's tumultuous history. The award-wining program ran for 15 years.
    (AP, 11/26/03)
2003        Nov 25, In Congo 2 ferries collided in a storm on Mai-Ndombe lake. At least 182 people were killed and more than 100 others were missing.
    (AP, 11/27/03)(AP, 11/28/03)
2003        Nov 25, Georgian lawmakers set a new presidential election for Jan 4. The foreign debt stood at $1.8 billion, the unemployment rate was 30% and the average monthly salary was $20.
    (AP, 11/25/03)(SFC, 11/26/03, p.A13)
2003        Nov 25, The Indian and Pakistani armies agreed to stop firing across their frontier, including in disputed Kashmir, starting at midnight in a further easing of tensions between the nuclear-armed neighbors.
    (AP, 11/25/03)
2003        Nov 25, In southern India an explosion at a state-run factory that makes detonators killed at least 10 workers.
    (AP, 11/25/03)
2003        Nov 25, Sales of Mexican green onions plunged after a hepatitis outbreak in the US was traced to northwestern Mexico, forcing farmers in this valley to defend the safety of their produce and find ways to stay afloat financially.
    (AP, 11/25/03)
2003        Nov 25, Nigeria's President Olusegun Obasanjo said he will surrender ousted Liberian leader Charles Taylor to face a war crimes trial if Liberia asks.
    (AP, 11/25/03)
2003        Nov 25, Saudi police killed 2 militants and seized a car bomb ready for detonation in post Ramadan celebrations.
    (WSJ, 11/26/03, p.A1)
2003        Nov 25, The UN said AIDS will kill 3 million people this year and infect 5 million. The global HIV tally was put at 40 million.
    (WSJ, 11/26/03, p.A1)
2003        Nov 25, In Yemen security forces arrested Saudi-born Mohammed Hamdi al-Ahdal (32), the alleged mastermind of the attacks on the USS Cole, at a hide-out west of the capital, San'a. Al-Ahdal was later sentenced to three years for the French tanker attack, but was not charged in the Cole case.
    (AP, 11/26/03)(SFC, 11/26/03, p.A10)(AP, 11/25/08)

2003        Nov 26, Human rights activist Gao Zhan pleaded guilty in Alexandria, Va., to illegally selling American high-tech items with potential military uses to China. She had been recently freed from a Chinese prison after the US government interceded on her behalf. Gao later received a reduced sentence of seven months in prison for her cooperation with authorities.
    (AP, 11/26/04)
2003        Nov 26, In Georgia Mikhail Saakashvili (35), a US educated lawyer, said he would run for president as the sole candidate of the opposition National Movement party. His campaign later became known as the “rose revolution."
    (SFC, 11/27/03, p.A9)(Econ, 11/17/07, p.16)
2003        Nov 26, Ayatollah Sadeq Khalkhali (77), a judge known for sentencing hundreds of people to death following Iran's revolution, died.
    (AP, 11/27/03)(Econ, 12/13/03, p.86)
2003        Nov 26, Maj. Gen. Abed Hamed Mowhoush, an air defense general captured Oct. 5 in a raid near the Syrian border, died. He was being questioned while in American custody in Qaim near the Syrian border when he lost consciousness after complaining he didn't feel well. In 2004 4 US soldiers were charged with murder.
    (AP, 11/27/03)(SFC, 10/5/04, p.A3)
2003        Nov 26, Japan threatened to impose $85 million in retaliatory duties on American imports unless the US backs away from steel tariffs ruled unfair by the WTO.
    (AP, 11/26/03)
2003        Nov 26, Northern Ireland voted for representatives to their provincial legislature. Hard-liners defeated moderates in Northern Ireland's legislative elections.
    (AP, 11/26/04)
2003        Nov 26, Israeli troops in the Gaza Strip killed 2 Palestinians and wounded one after the soldiers disturbed a group of men apparently setting up an ambush on a road used by Jewish settlers.
    (AP, 11/26/03)
2003        Nov 26, Taiwan arrested Maj. Pai Chin-yang (42), an intelligence officer, on charges of spying for rival China to raise money to pay off stock market debts. It was the 3rd espionage case announced by the military in less than a month.
    (AP, 12/3/03)
2003        Nov 26, The UN Children's Fund warned that AIDS has already orphaned more than 11 million African children under the age of 15, and "the worst is yet to come."
    (AP, 11/26/03)
2003        Nov 26, The UN nuclear watchdog agency, IAEA, condemned Iran over an 18-year cover-up of its nuclear energy program and said future violations of non-proliferation obligations would not be tolerated.
    (AP, 11/26/03)

2003        Nov 27, Pres. Bush flew to Iraq under extraordinary secrecy and security to spend Thanksgiving with US troops.
    (AP, 11/28/03)
2003        Nov 27, Researchers in Cleveland reported on a gene that causes heart attacks.
    (SFC, 11/28/03, p.C11)(WSJ, 11/28/03, p.B1)
2003        Nov 27, In Grenada a record 64 candidates from six parties, including 2 independents, competed for the chamber's 15 seats. PM Keith Mitchell's governing New National Party won parliamentary balloting by a slim margin.
    (AP, 11/27/03)
2003        Nov 27, Indian security forces battled rebels in villages along the border in Kashmir and suspected insurgents detonated a grenade in a busy market. The violence left 12 people dead.
    (AP, 11/27/03)
2003        Nov 27, Mexican government prosecutors said that they've uncovered a document showing that soldiers tortured suspected rebel prisoners during the 1970s, sometimes forcing them to drink gasoline and then setting them afire.
    (AP, 11/27/03)
2003        Nov 27, In Mexico City union members, left-wing activists and farmers by the thousand marched to the central plaza in a major display of opposition to the president's plans to raise taxes on food and medicine and sell state-owned assets.
    (AP, 11/27/03)
2003        Nov 27, In Peru police clashed with highland peasants blocking an Andean highway to protest against mining pollution, leaving 2 demonstrators dead and over 20 people injured.
    (AP, 11/28/03)
2003        Nov 27,  Talal al-Rasheed, a prominent Saudi poet, was shot to death by attackers while on a hunting trip in Algeria.
    (AP, 11/30/03)
2003        Nov 27, Taiwanese lawmakers passed a historic proposal that gives the president the power to hold an independence vote if China tries to use force to make the island unify with the mainland.
    (AP, 11/27/03)
2003        Nov 27, At the Vatican the Dalai Lama visited Pope John Paul II.
    (SFC, 11/28/03, p.A3)

2003        Nov 28, President Bush returned to his ranch in Crawford, Texas, after a secret, nearly 36-hour journey that took him to Iraq for a Thanksgiving visit with U.S. troops.
    (AP, 11/28/04)
2003        Nov 28, In Ohio authorities said for the 1st time they had linked the Nov. 25 death of Gail Knisley to at least one of 10 other reports of shots fired at vehicles along I-270.
    (AP, 11/29/03)
2003        Nov 28, It was reported that the New Zealand mud snail had invaded trout streams in Northern California. They were capable of stripping entire river systems of algae and had already infested trout streams in Montana.
    (SFC, 11/28/03, p.A21)
2003        Nov 28, It was reported that British artist Damien Hirst, winner of the 1995 Turner Prize, had paid Charles Saatchi some $15 million to buy back about 12 of his earlier works.
    (SFC, 11/28/03, p.I21)
2003        Nov 28, In Bulgaria 5 men were convicted and sentenced to life in prison without chance of parole for the 1996 assassination of former Prime Minister Andrei Lukanov.
    (AP, 11/28/03)
2003        Nov 28, Konrad Adenauer, chancellor from 1949 to 1963, won the most votes in a survey conducted by a public television station to name the greatest German of all time. Martin Luther came in 2nd and Karl Marx 3rd.
    (AP, 11/29/03)
2003        Nov 28, AIDS in Guatemala was reported to kill an estimated 10 people a day.
    (SFC, 11/28/03, p.C2)
2003        Nov 28, The US suspended $49 million in aid payments to Nicaragua's judiciary, a day after the court told America to stay out of its business. This followed escalating tensions between Washington and Nicaragua after a Sandinista judge released former president Arnoldo Aleman from prison 2 days earlier to house arrest, citing health concerns.
    (AP, 11/28/03)
2003        Nov 28, In Northern Ireland hard-liners defeated moderates in the Nov 26 legislative elections. The Democratic Unionists won 30 seats in the 108-member Assembly. The Ulster Unionists won 27 and Sinn Fein, the IRA-linked party, won 24.
    (AP, 11/28/03)(SFC, 11/29/03, p.A3)
2003        Nov 28, In South Korea opposition leader Choe Byung-ryol began Day 3 of his hunger strike against Pres. Roh Moo-hyun and corruption allegations against his former aides. The standoff has paralyzed Parliament and derailed deliberation on hundreds of bills.
    (AP, 11/28/03)
2003        Nov 28, Pres. Roh Moo-hyun said that he decided to send troops to Iraq hoping it would encourage the US to continue to work to resolve the North Korean nuclear crisis.
    (AP, 11/28/03)
2003        Nov 28, A Myanmar court sentenced 9 people to death for high treason, including the editor of a sports magazine. The government said the suspects were accused of plotting to overthrow Myanmar's military junta through bombings and assassinations.
    (AP, 12/3/03)
2003        Nov 28, Pres. Robert Mugabe threatened to pull Zimbabwe out of the Commonwealth after the 54-nation grouping of Britain and its former territories barred him from an upcoming summit in Nigeria.
    (AP, 11/28/03)

2003        Nov 29, A Chechen leader wanted in Russia on charges of terrorism and murder has been granted refugee status in Britain. A British judge had rejected a Russian government request to extradite Akhmed Zakayev earlier this month.
    (AP, 11/29/03)
2003        Nov 29, China said it broke diplomatic relations with Kiribati after the tiny Pacific island nation opened ties with rival Taiwan.
    (AP, 11/29/03)
2003        Nov 29, In central Congo a Soviet-made plane crashed, killing 33, including 13 people on the ground.
    (AP, 11/29/03)(AP, 12/2/03)
2003        Nov 29, In Iraq US senators Hillary Rodham Clinton and Jack Reed met with local officials in the oil-rich northern city of Kirkuk. Attackers in Mahmudiyah killed 7 members of a Spanish intelligence team as it returned from a mission. In northern Iraq gunmen ambushed and murdered two Japanese diplomats and their Iraqi driver.
    (AP, 11/29/03)(SSFC, 11/30/03, p.A1)(AP, 11/30/03)
2003        Nov 29, A Japanese rocket carrying two spy satellites for monitoring North Korea failed to reach orbit and had to be destroyed, space officials said, a blow to Japan's space program.
    (AP, 11/29/03)
2003        Nov 29, Bhaddanta Vinaya (93), one of Myanmar's most revered Buddhist monks and a spiritual adviser to pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi, died.
    (AP, 11/30/03)
2003        Nov 29, Beyonce Knowles, Bono, Peter Gabriel and other musicians from around the world took to the stage for an AIDS benefit concert hosted by former South African President Nelson Mandela.
    (AP, 11/30/03)

2003        Nov 30, Walt Disney Company vice chairman Roy E. Disney stepped down from the board of directors.
    (AP, 11/30/04)
2003        Nov 30, In Cincinnati, Ohio, a 350-pound black man died after being clubbed by police. An autopsy showed that Nathaniel Jones (41) had an enlarged heart and that his blood contained cocaine and PCP.
    (SFC, 12/2/03, p.A3)
2003        Nov 30, Barber B. Conable Jr. (81), former U.S. congressman and World Bank chairman, died in Sarasota, Fla.
    (AP, 11/30/04)
2003        Nov 30, Gertrude Ederle (98), the first woman to swim the English Channel, died in Wyckoff, N.J.
    (AP, 11/30/04)
2003        Nov 30, In Brazil Todd and Michelle Staheli were beaten to death in bed at home in an exclusive Rio de Janeiro neighborhood. Todd Staheli (39), an American executive with Shell oil company, and his wife were found slain the next day. In 2004 Jociel Conceicao dos Santos (20), a handyman, recanted a confession and denied he killed the American couple. He blamed two other Brazilians for the crime. In 2006 Jossiel Conceicao dos Santos (22) was convicted and sentenced to 25 years in prison for killing the American couple.
    (AP, 12/1/03)(AP, 3/5/06)
2003        Nov 30, In western Iraq guerrillas killed two U.S. soldiers and wounded a third in an ambush. Gunmen shot and killed 2 South Korean electricians and wounded 2 others as they drove apparently to a power transmission plant they were working at in Tikrit.
    (AP, 11/30/03)
2003        Nov 30, The US military said 54 Iraqis were killed in the northern city of Samarra as US forces used tanks and cannons to fight their way out of simultaneous ambushes while delivering new Iraqi currency to banks. Residents said the next that the casualty figure was much lower and that the dead were mostly civilians.
    (AP, 12/1/03)(SFC, 12/2/03, p.A1)
2003        Nov 30, A 3rd day of storms in Honduras left at least 3 people dead.
    (SFC, 12/1/03, p.A3)
2003        Nov 30, A bus carrying Kuwaitis returning from the funeral of a Shiite Muslim religious leader overturned in southern Iraq, killing at least 15 people.
    (AP, 11/30/03)
2003        Nov 30, In Malaysia 2 passenger buses collided on a windy road in the Kuala Lipis district, killing at least 14 people.
    (AP, 11/30/03)
2003        Nov 30, Some 200 Palestinians attacked Palestinian negotiators traveling to Geneva for the signing ceremony of symbolic deal, reached by former Israeli and Palestinian negotiators, that would establish a Palestinian state with unprecedented concessions by both sides.
    (AP, 11/30/03)
2003        Nov 30, A Gaza Strip car explosion in Rafah killed Yusuf Matar, an Islamic Jihad activist.
    (SFC, 12/1/03, p.A3)
2003        Nov 30, Syria handed over 22 suspects to Turkey in connection with the Nov 16 suicide bombings in Istanbul.
    (SFC, 12/1/03, p.A16)

2003        Nov, Cpl. Dustin Berg, a national Guardsman from Indiana, killed an Iraqi police officer and then shot himself in the stomach to give the impression of a gunfight to block investigation. In 2005 Berg pleaded guilty to negligent homicide. His sentence included 18 months in prison and a bad conduct discharge.
    (SFC, 7/26/05, p.A6)
2003        Nov, Jennifer West and colleagues at Rice Univ. described a sophisticated way of cauterizing cancers using precisely engineered "nanoshells."
    (Econ, 11/8/03, p.79)
2003        Nov, In China Jiang Lijun (39) was sentenced to four years in prison for posting Internet articles calling for the overthrow of the Communist Party. In 2006 it was reported that Yahoo's Hong Kong unit gave authorities a draft e-mail that had been saved on Jiang's account. Yahoo also provided information in the cases of Li Zhi and Shi Tao.
    (AP, 4/19/06)
2003        Nov, Drought conditions in China's Hunan province forced Changsha, the provincial capital, to institute rolling blackouts.
    (Econ, 3/27/04, p.43)
2003        Nov, Wim Duisenberg, president of the European Central Bank, retired and presented a bell to his successor Jean-Claude Trichet for keeping order during meetings.
    (WSJ, 12/2/03, p.A16)
2003        Nov, Hungary’s government under PM Peter Medgyessy introduced a bonus monthly payment to all retirees that became known as the “13th month."
    (WSJ, 3/25/09, p.A10)(http://tinyurl.com/c4dxl4)
2003        Nov, The World Bank approved increased loans to Indonesia in return for an anti-corruption commission and strengthened government procurement methods.
    (SFC, 12/2/03, p.A13)
2003        Nov, At least 104 soldiers were killed in Iraq this month including 79 Americans.
    (SFC, 12/2/03, p.A18)
2003        Nov, In Peru Lee Heifetz, daughter of Israeli Ambassador Zvi Heifetz, was arrested after she tried to board a flight to Holland with 10 pounds of cocaine. She was sentenced to six years and eight months.
    (AP, 6/21/05)
2003        Nov, In Syria NewBoy Design Studio introduced the Fulla doll, a modest looking doll in Arab dress designed to reflect Arab values. The doll was manufactured at the same factory in Hong Kong that makes the Barbie doll.
    (SFC, 11/24/05, p.A31)(www.un-instraw.org/revista/hypermail/alltickers/en/0111.html)

2003        Dec 1, US Rep. Bill Janklow went on trial in Flandreau, S.D., charged with manslaughter in the death of a motorcyclist who'd collided with his automobile. Janklow was convicted and served 100 days in jail.
    (AP, 12/1/04)
2003        Dec 1, Alfonso Rodriguez Jr. (50), described by authorities as a predatory sex offender was arrested in Crookston, Minn., and charged with kidnapping in the disappearance of  Dru Sjodin, a North Dakota college student, who may have been abducted last month while talking on her cell phone.
    (AP, 12/2/03)
2003        Dec 1, Boeing Company chairman and CEO Phil Condit resigned unexpectedly. Boeing was involved in a series of procurement violations that also led to the firing of CFO Michael Sears, who ended up serving time in prison for illegal employment negotiations. In 2006 Boeing agreed to pay $615 million to end 3 years of Justice Department investigations.
    (AP, 12/1/04)(WSJ, 5/15/06, p.A1)
2003        Dec 1, Clark Kerr (92), former UC president (1958-1967), died in El Cerrito, Ca.
    (SFC, 12/2/03, p.A1)
2003        Dec 1, In Canada a coalition of energy and forest companies and Indian tribes and environmental groups announced a framework for forest and wetland conservation to conserve at least 50% of Canada's sub-Arctic boreal forests.
    (SFC, 12/1/03, p.A7)
2003        Dec 1, A strong earthquake rumbled through a swath of western China's mountainous Xinjiang region, killing at least 11 people and collapsing hundreds of homes in Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture near the border with Kazakhstan.
    (AP, 12/1/03)
2003        Dec 1, French diplomats and other Foreign Ministry staff in 126 countries walked off the job in a one-day strike to protest planned budget cuts.
    (AP, 12/2/03)
2003        Dec 1, India and Pakistan agreed to restore airline overflight and landing rights by Jan. 1, 2004.
    (AP, 12/1/04)
2003        Dec 1, Israeli troops launched a sweeping raid on Ramallah, killing a 9-year-old boy and 3 Hamas gunmen and leaving 60 people homeless after blowing up their apartment building.
    (AP, 12/1/03)
2003        Dec 1, North Korea said the US military conducted at least 150 spy flights against it in November and accused Washington of "watching for an opportunity to crush" the communist regime.
    (AP, 12/1/03)
2003        Dec 1, A Lithuanian Parliament investigation concluded that the office of Pres. Rolandas Paksas has links to organized crime. This prompted calls for his resignation.
    (SFC, 12/2/03, p.A12)
2003        Dec 1, In Mexico Isidro Galeana (65), a former state judicials police commander, was declared a fugitive after a judge ordered his arrest on suspicion of kidnapping alleged leftists during the Mexican government's campaign against radical activists in 1974.
    (AP, 12/2/03)
2003        Dec 1, A report laid bare a corporate scandal at Skandia, Sweden's largest insurer.
    (Econ, 12/6/03, p.67)
2003        Dec 1, Dignitaries from around the world, including former Pres. Jimmy Carter, gathered in Geneva to sign a draft peace accord, called the Geneva Accords, drawn up between Israeli and Palestinian activists.
    (SFC, 12/1/03, p.A1)

2003        Dec 2, The Supreme Court ruled unanimously that after knocking, police don't have to wait longer than 20 seconds before breaking into the home of a drug suspect.
    (AP, 12/2/04)
2003        Dec 2, Authorities in Ohio announced that they had linked 12 shootings along a five-mile stretch of interstate around Columbus, including one that killed a woman and another that broke a window at an elementary school. A suspect was arrested the following March. Charles A. McCoy Jr., later pleaded guilty to manslaughter and 10 other charges, and was sentenced to 27 years in prison.
    (AP, 12/2/04)(AP, 12/2/08)
2003        Dec 2, In northern Afghanistan, Abdul Rashid Dostum and Atta Mohammed, 2 main feuding warlords, handed over tanks and cannons to the fledgling national army.
    (AP, 12/2/03)(SFC, 12/3/03, p.A3)
2003        Dec 2, British authorities arrested Babar Ahmad (29), a computer specialist and British citizen. He was accused by the US of running websites used to raise money for terrorists and for supplying them with gas masks and night vision goggles. The Metropolitan Police paid out £60,000 in compensation to Ahmad, following civil court action in 2009. In 2010 four British officers faced criminal charges for assaulting Ahmad during his arrest. On June 3, 2011, constables Roderick James-Bowen, Mark Jones, Nigel Cowley, and John Donohue were acquitted of claims that they assaulted Babar Ahmad. 
    (SFC, 8/13/10, p.A2)(www.freebabarahmad.com/thestory.php)(AFP, 6/3/11)
2003        Dec 2, Alan Davidson (79), a career diplomat who shared his knowledge of exotic cuisines in a series of best-selling books, died in London. His books included: "Mediterranean Seafood" (1972), "Seafood of South East Asia" and "North Atlantic Seafood" (1979).
    (AP, 12/5/03)
2003        Dec 2, Surging floodwaters killed three men and swept a woman off a bridge in storms that lashed southern France.
    (AP, 12/3/03)
2003        Dec 2, In northern India a bus skidded off a steep mountain road and fell into a river, killing at least 27 passengers and injuring 30 others.
    (AP, 12/2/03)
2003        Dec 2, US troops have captured or killed a "big fish" in a large military operation in Kirkuk. American soldiers arrested dozens of people there in an overnight raid.
    (AP, 12/2/03)
2003        Dec 2, Israeli troops killed an armed Palestinian trying to flee in the West Bank town of Jenin.
    (AP, 12/2/03)
2003        Dec 2, Nigeria dismissed a human rights report that accused the government of killing opposition activists and stifling free speech, calling the charges "jaundiced and misconceived."
    (AP, 12/2/03)
2003        Dec 2, A senior adviser to President Vladimir Putin said that Russia cannot ratify the Kyoto Protocol limiting greenhouse gas emissions, dealing a mortal blow to the pact that required Russia's ratification to take effect.
    (AP, 12/2/03)
2003        Dec 2, In Venezuela opposition leaders claimed that more than 3.6 million people had signed a petition demanding a recall referendum on Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez.
    (AP, 12/2/03)

2003        Dec 3, US federal authorities arrested 57 Hells Angles Motorcycle club members in 5 Western states on drugs, firearms and racketeering charges. The charges stemmed from a casino brawl in Laughlin, Nev., in Apr. 2002 that left 3 dead.
    (SFC, 12/4/03, p.A1)(SFC, 12/5/03, p.A25)
2003        Dec 3, A California state commission denied a Texas company's plan to sell GloFish, genetically-altered glow-in-the-dark fish. National sales of the transgenic fish were set for Jan.
    (SFC, 12/4/03, p.A2)
2003        Dec 3, A Colorado state judge in Denver declared the new school voucher plan to be unconstitutional.
    (SFC, 12/4/03, p.A3)
2003        Dec 3, It was reported that England planned to spend $17 billion to transform its health care system with information technology to make all medical records available in a secure central database.
    (WSJ, 12/3/03, p.B1)
2003        Dec 3, David Hemmings (62), British film actor, died after shooting scenes for "Samantha's Child." In 1966 he starred as the photographer in Antonioni's "Blowup."
    (SFC, 12/5/03, p.A27)
2003        Dec 3, The head of the Iraqi Governing Council renewed his demand that a proposed transitional legislature be elected by Iraqi voters, a move opposed by U.S. occupation officials. Leaders of the top political parties agreed with the US-led administration to create a militia picked by the parties and governing council.
    (AP, 12/3/03)(SFC, 12/4/03, p.A16)
2003        Dec 3, Ivory Coast security forces fired tear gas at protesters who rallied for a 3rd day outside the main French military base, demanding that peacekeepers withdraw to allow resumed government attacks on rebels.
    (AP, 12/3/03)
2003        Dec 3, A UN tribunal convicted and sentenced a radio news director and a newspaper editor to life imprisonment for their role in promoting the 1994 Rwandan genocide.
    (AP, 12/4/03)
2003        Dec 3, In northern Senegal a passenger bus and a cement truck collided, killing 22 people and injuring 35 others.
    (AP, 12/3/03)
2003        Dec 3, It was reported that Syria's president had agreed to a proposal to halt violence along Israel's northern border if Israel promises to end flights over Lebanon and not attack its territory.
    (AP, 12/4/03)

2003        Dec 4, Pres. Bush lifted tariffs on imported steel and averted a trade war with Europe.
    (SFC, 12/5/03, p.A20)
2003        Dec 4, It was reported that some 29 million Americans selected "none" for their religious affiliation in recent polls.
    (SFC, 12/4/03, p.A1)
2003        Dec 4, Barry Bonds, SF homerun star, told a grand jury that he used a clear substance and a cream supplied by BALCO, but that he never thought they were steroids. The SF Chronicle obtained a transcript of his testimony in 2004.
    (SFC, 12/3/04, p.A1)
2003        Dec 4, Toy seller FAO Schwartz filed for bankruptcy.
    (SFC, 12/5/03, p.B2)
2003        Dec 4, It was reported that scientists saw 2003 set to become the 3rd hottest year since modern temperature records began. The warmest since 1880 was 1998 followed by 2002.
    (WSJ, 12/4/03, p.A10)
2003        Dec 4, Federal prosecutor Jonathan Luna was attacked after leaving his office in Baltimore around midnight. His body was found 6 hours later, stabbed 36 times apparently in a furious fight for his life before drowning in a Pennsylvania creek. Luna was involved in the prosecution of rapper Deon Lionel Smith (32) and Walter Oriley Poindexter.
    (AP, 12/5/03)(SFC, 12/5/03, p.A6)
2003        Dec 4, In eastern Kosovo Sgt. Daryl Brooks (43), a US peacekeeper, was found dead with a gunshot wound in a concrete bunker inside the U.S. military base Camp Monteith.
    (AP, 12/6/03)
2003        Dec 4, The Australian government said it will join a U.S. program to build a missile defense system, calling the threat of ballistic missiles too grave to ignore.
    (AP, 12/4/03)
2003        Dec 4, Congo health officials were investigating the poison deaths of 64 people, allegedly from a potion used to ward off evil spirits. A Roman Catholic priest, who allegedly administered the drink, fled the village of Bosobe early last week after people started falling ill.
    (AP, 12/5/03)
2003        Dec 4, In India election results showed the ruling Hindu nationalist party wrested control from the opposition in three of four state legislatures.
    (AP, 12/4/03)
2003        Dec 4, In Kisumu, Kenya, Tommy Thompson, US Sec. of Health and Human Services, dedicated a new $6.4 million field laboratory to be operated by the CDC. It was the largest of its kind in Africa. The local TB and malaria rates were among the highest in the world.
    (SFC, 12/5/03, p.A5)
2003        Dec 4, South Korea's parliament, for the first time in 49 years, overrode a presidential veto to clear the way for an independent investigation into corruption allegations against three former aides of President Roh Moo-hyun.
    (AP, 12/4/03)
2003        Dec 4, El Salvador's government ignores and sometimes contributes to widespread labor abuses, Human Rights watch said in a new report.
    (AP, 12/4/03)
2003        Dec 4, Palestinians opened formal talks in Egypt aimed at forging a cease-fire they hope will induce Israel to halt its attacks on militants and lead to renewed peace negotiations.
    (AP, 12/4/03)(WSJ, 12/5/03, p.A1)
2003        Dec 4, Interpol put ousted Liberian leader Charles Taylor on its most-wanted list, issuing a "red notice" calling for his arrest on war crimes charges in Sierra Leone's civil war.
    (AP, 12/4/03)

2003        Dec 5, A federal judge in Utah threw out the case against two civic leaders accused of bribery in their efforts to bring the 2002 Winter Games to Salt Lake City.
    (AP, 12/5/08)
2003        Dec 5, The two makers of flu shots in the United States, Chiron and Aventis Pasteur, announced they had run out of vaccine and would not be able to meet a surge in demand.
    (AP, 12/5/04)
2003        Dec 5, Yahoo Inc. said it is working on technology to combat e-mail spam by changing the way the Internet works to require authentication of a message's sender.
    (AP, 12/6/03)
2003        Dec 5, In eastern Afghanistan 6 children were crushed to death by a collapsing wall during an assault by U.S. forces on a weapons compound.
    (AP, 12/10/03)
2003        Dec 5, Shanghai's government reported that its population has surged to more than 20 million people, soaring by 3 million over the past year amid a flood of job seekers from other parts of China.
    (AP, 12/5/03)
2003        Dec 5, Hard-line vigilantes attacked a close aide to Iran's president as he was about to give a speech, repeatedly punching and kicking him, his wife.
    (AP, 12/5/03)
2003        Dec 5, Israeli military allowed a market in the divided West Bank city of Hebron to open for the first time in more than a year.
    (AP, 12/5/03)
2003        Dec 5, The Israeli military shot and killed two Palestinians, armed with grenades and an explosive device, crawling toward a security barrier separating the Gaza Strip from Israel.
    (AP, 12/6/03)
2003        Dec 5, A shrapnel-filled bomb believed strapped to a suicide attacker ripped apart a commuter train near Chechnya, killing 44 people and wounding nearly 200. Pres. Putin called it an attempt to disrupt weekend parliamentary elections.
    (AP, 12/5/04)
2003        Dec 5, A bus plunged into a valley in the northern Mexico state of Zacatecas, killing 15 people and injuring 15 others.
    (AP, 12/6/03)
2003        Dec 5, In Nigeria in the opening session of the summit of Britain and its former colonies British PM Tony Blair urged African leaders not to lift Zimbabwe's suspension from the Commonwealth.
    (AP, 12/5/03)
2003        Dec 5, Syria continued to reject US pressure to hand over an estimated $250 million that Saddam Hussein's regime had deposited there.
    (WSJ, 12/5/03, p.A1)
2003        Dec 5, In Tunisia an informal, two-day summit brought leaders from five southern European countries together with five of their counterparts from across the Mediterranean.
    (AP, 12/5/03)

2003        Dec 6, Army became the first team to finish 0-13 in major college history after a 34-6 loss to Navy.
    (AP, 12/6/04)
2003        Dec 6, Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld met with senior American commanders in Iraq, and was assured that a recent switch to more aggressive anti-insurgency tactics had begun to pay off.
    (AP, 12/6/04)
2003        Dec 6, The Northeast's first major snowstorm of the season threatened near whiteout conditions from Pennsylvania to Maine after piling up nearly a foot of snow, delaying flights and creating hazardous driving conditions blamed for at least 10 deaths.
    (AP, 12/6/03)(WSJ, 12/8/03, p.A1)
2003        Dec 6, In Kandahar, Afghanistan, a bomb exploded in a bazaar, wounding about 20 people, at least three seriously, in an attack that a Taliban spokesman said targeted, but missed, American soldiers who shop there.
    (AP, 12/6/03)
2003        Dec 6, In eastern Afghanistan a US air strike apparently killed 9 children and a suspected militant near the village of Hutala.
    (AP, 12/7/03)(SFC, 12/8/03, p.A12)
2003        Dec 6, In the beach resort of Sanya, China, Miss Ireland, 19-year-old Rosanna Davison, won the Miss World competition. Second place went to Miss Canada, Nazanin Afshin-Jam, while the host country's Miss China, Guan Qi, took third.
    (AP, 12/6/03)
2003        Dec 6, The Europe and North Africa summit ended a 2-day meeting in Tunisia. The group, formed in 1990, gathered leaders from North Africa — Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco, Mauritania and Libya — with leaders from France, Italy, Spain, Portugal and Malta.
    (AP, 12/6/03)
2003        Dec 6, Paul Louis Halley (b.1934) French founder of Promodes (later Carrefour SA), died in a light plane crash.
    (WSJ, 4/15/08, p.B2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Louis_Halley)
2003        Dec 6, Guatemala former president and Gen. Carlos Arana Osorio (85), a hard-line conservative who ruled from 1970 to 1974, died in a Guatemala City military hospital.
    (AP, 12/6/03)
2003        Dec 6, Hundreds of thousands of people marched through Rome to protest government plans to reform Italy's pension system, which economists say can no longer sustain itself.
    (AP, 12/6/03)
2003        Dec 6, Saudi Arabia issued the names and photos of its 26 most wanted terrorist suspects and increased protection around Western housing compounds in the capital.
    (AP, 12/7/03)
2003        Dec 6, Sudan's vice president and the leader of rebels fighting a 20-year civil war resumed their talks on a comprehensive peace deal, boosted by a landmark visit by rebels to the capital, Khartoum.
    (AP, 12/6/03)

2003        Dec 7, Daniel Morcombe (13) was last seen waiting for a bus in northern Queensland. In 2011 west coast truck driver Brett Peter Cowan (41) was charged with Morcombe's abduction, murder and interfering with his corpse. Police confirmed that three bones recently found at Beerburrum State Forest belonged to Morcombe.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Disappearance_of_Daniel_Morcombe)(AFP, 8/28/11)
2003        Dec 7, Grayson Perry (43), British artist, was named winner of the 20th annual Turner Prize. He decorated ceramic vases with disturbing images and texts.
    (SFC, 12/9/03, p.D8)
2003        Dec 7, Tropical Storm Odette lashed the Dominican Republic with torrential rains, prompting thousands to flee their homes and killed at least 8 people before it dissipated over the Atlantic.
    (AP, 12/8/03)
2003        Dec 7, A group of 160 Colombian paramilitary fighters handed over their weapons, becoming the second faction of outlawed right-wing militias to do so in less than two weeks.
    (AP, 12/8/03)
2003        Dec 7, Voters on the French Caribbean islands of Guadeloupe and Martinique rejected reforms to their legislatures that opponents had criticized as a step toward independence from France.
    (AP, 12/8/03)
2003        Dec 7, Former Guatemala Pres. Arnoldo Aleman, dogged by corruption allegations for years, was convicted of embezzling millions of dollars from his impoverished country and sentenced to 20 years in prison.
    (AP, 12/8/03)
2003        Dec 7, In Indian-held Kashmir an overcrowded bus skidded off a steep mountain road and plunged 1,500 feet into a gorge, killing 23 passengers and injuring 13 others.
    (AP, 12/7/03)
2003        Dec 7, In southern India Hindu-Muslim clashes broke out overnight in Hyderabad, killing at least five and injuring 27.
    (AP, 12/7/03)
2003        Dec 7, Insurgents attacked a U.S. military patrol in northern Iraq, killing one soldier and wounding two.
    (AP, 12/7/03)
2003        Dec 7, In Liberia government troops launched U.N.-sponsored disarmament.
    (AP, 12/7/03)
2003        Dec 7, A Nicaraguan judge sentenced former Pres. Aleman to 20 years for diverting some $100 million in government funds to his campaigns.
    (WSJ, 12/8/03, p.A1)
2003        Dec 7, Palestinian militants rejected a comprehensive truce offer to Israel despite intense pressure from Prime Minister Ahmed Qureia and Egypt to sign onto a deal.
    (AP, 12/8/03)
2003        Dec 7, Russia held Duma elections. The pro-Kremlin United Russia party won about 36% of the vote. Ultra-nationalists and Communists each won 13%.
    (AP, 12/7/03)(WSJ, 12/8/03, p.A1)
2003        Dec 7, Saudi security forces stormed a gas station and killed one of the country's most wanted terrorist suspects and a second militant.
    (AP, 12/8/03)
2003        Dec 7, Zimbabwe pulled out of the Commonwealth rather than endure a suspension after members in Nigeria decided to extend the southern African country's suspension from the organization of Britain and its former colonies.
    (AP, 12/7/03)

2003        Dec 8, Pres. Bush signed into law the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act (also called the Medicare Modernization Act or MMA). It was the biggest expansion of Medicare since its creation in 1965. The $400 billion Medicare overhaul bill included a provision to put away pre-tax money into interest bearing accounts to save for medical expenses.
    (SFC, 12/9/03, p.A1)(WSJ, 12/16/03, p.D1)
2003        Dec 8, The Bush administration joined European human rights officials in expressing concern about the fairness of Russian parliamentary elections on Sunday that delivered big victories to allies of Russian President Vladimir Putin.
    (AP, 12/8/03)
2003        Dec 8, Congress approved legislation to stem the flood of unwanted junk e-mail known as "spam."
    (AP, 12/8/04)
2003        Dec 8, US District Judge James Ware ruled that US toxic cleanup law doesn't apply abroad. A suit by Filipinos sought that the US government be required to assess pollution near 2 former military bases.
    (SFC, 12/12/03, p.A6)
2003        Dec 8, US Rep. Bill Janklow, R-S.D., resigned after being convicted in the traffic death of a motorcyclist, Randy Scott.
    (AP, 12/8/04)
2003        Dec 8, In Abbeville, S.C., Arthur Bixby and his son Stephen (36) killed 2 police officers during a 13-hour standoff. They refused to give up some of their land for a highway.
    (SFC, 12/10/03, p.A6)
2003        Dec 8, The US military launched its largest postwar offensive against Taliban and al-Qaida insurgents, sending 2,000 soldiers into a lawless swath of Afghanistan to put down a wave of attacks.
    (AP, 12/8/03)
2003        Dec 8, Cuban pianist Ruben Gonzalez (84), who found new fame in the mid-1990s playing with Compay Segundo's Buena Vista Social Club band, died in Havana.
    (AP, 12/9/03)
2003        Dec 8, In Greece a special tribunal convicted the mastermind, chief gunman and 13 other members of the November 17 cell for killings and attacks spanning a generation.
    (AP, 12/8/03)
2003        Dec 8, Russian military documents confirmed that dozens of rockets outfitted with dirty bombs appeared to be missing from the military airport at Tiraspol, the capital of Transdniestria.
    (SFC, 12/9/03, p.A13)(Econ, 7/2/05, p.46)
2003        Dec 8, In Nigeria the Commonwealth summit of 54-nations, representing nearly one-third of the world's 6 billion people, ended with Western nations blaming Zimbabwe for its own growing international isolation.
    (AP, 12/8/03)
2003        Dec 8, Three tourists were kidnapped in southeastern Iran while cycling from the historical city of Bam to Zahedan. Drug smugglers demanded $6 million in ransom.
    (AP, 12/9/03)

2003        Dec 9, Jeffrey and Michael Derderian, owners of a Rhode Island nightclub, and Dan Biechele, the tour manager for the rock band Great White, were indicted on charges related to the February 20 fire that killed 100 people. In 2006 a judge gave the owners 4 years and probation.
    (AP, 12/9/04)(SFC, 5/10/06, p.A7)(WSJ, 9/30/06, p.A1)
2003        Dec 9, The Dutch cargo ship Stellamare capsized at the Port of Albany, NY.
    (SFC, 12/19/03, p.D10)
2003        Dec 9, Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao visited with Pres. Bush for talks on trade, Taiwan and other issues.
    (WSJ, 12/9/03, p.A1)
2003        Dec 9, Former Vice President Al Gore endorsed Howard Dean for the Democratic presidential nomination.
    (AP, 12/9/03)
2003        Dec 9, Paul Simon (75), former Illinois Senator (1984-1997), died in Springfield. His work included 13 published books.
    (SFC, 12/10/03, p.A2)
2003        Dec 9, Shanghai reported plans to ban bicycles from its major roads next year, banishing China's most popular form of transportation to make more room for cars.
    (AP, 12/9/03)
2003        Dec 9, French police arrested Gorka Palacios Alday, the alleged military leader of the banned Basque separatist group ETA, along with three accomplices.
    (AP, 12/9/03)
2003        Dec 9, In Talafar, Iraq, a suicide bomber blew up a car packed with explosives at the gates of a military barracks, injuring 41 American troops and six Iraqi civilians. Hours earlier, 3 soldiers died in a road accident in central Iraq, and 3 civilians died when a Baghdad mosque was rocketed.
    (AP, 12/9/03)
2003        Dec 9, In Japan PM Junichiro Koizumi's Cabinet approved the dispatch of about 1,000 soldiers to help in the reconstruction of Iraq.
    (AP, 12/9/03)
2003        Dec 9, North Korea offered an apparent counterproposal to a U.S.-backed plan to resolve the standoff over its nuclear program, saying it would freeze the project in return for energy aid and being removed from Washington's list of countries that sponsor terrorism.
    (AP, 12/9/03)
2003        Dec 9, In southern Mexico Salvatrucha gang members attacked illegal immigrants from Central America on a train, killing three people and wounding four in the latest in a series of violent incidents in the region. The Mara Salvatrucha spanned Central America. It was named for its Salvadoran founders, who claimed to be as wise as trout.
    (AP, 12/10/03)(Econ, 5/22/04, p.31)
2003        Dec 9, In Russia a female suicide bomber blew herself up outside the National Hotel across from Moscow's Red Square. At least 6 bystanders were killed and at least 14 wounded.
    (AP, 12/9/03)(SFC, 12/10/03, p.A3)
2003        Dec 9, The Global Commission on International Migration was launched by the United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan and a number of governments in Geneva.
    (Econ, 10/8/05, p.86)(www.gcim.org/en/)
2003        Dec 9, Former Pres. Frederick Chiluba, Zambia's first democratically elected president, went on trial before a packed courtroom, accused of stealing millions of dollars from state coffers during his decade in power.
    (AP, 12/9/03)

2003        Dec 10, U.S. allies that opposed the war in Iraq were angered and surprised by Deputy Sec. of Defense Paul Wolfowitz's decision to bar their companies from bidding for $18.6 billion worth of reconstruction contracts, with France questioning its legality and Canada threatening to halt aid. The 63-nation eligibility list excluded Germany, France, Russia and China.
    (AP, 12/10/03)(WSJ, 12/10/03, p.A1)(Econ, 12/13/03, p.30)
2003        Dec 10, A divided Supreme Court upheld the broadest restrictions on campaign donations in nearly 30 years.
    (AP, 12/10/04)
2003        Dec 10, An appeals court ordered a new trial for Lionel Tate, a Florida teen sentenced to life for causing the death of a 6-year-old playmate, Tiffany Eunick. Originally convicted of first-degree murder, Tate pleaded guilty to 2nd-degree murder and went free in January 2004.
    (AP, 12/10/08)
2003        Dec 10, Scientists reported on a partial list of genes that make people human based on comparisons with the chimpanzee genome.
    (AP, 12/12/03)(www.genome.gov/11509418)
2003        Dec 10, Robert Bartley (66), conservative head of the WSJ editorial pages, died.
    (Econ, 1/3/04, p.63)
2003        Dec 10, An Int'l. Court sentenced former Bosnian-Serb Col. Dragan Obrenovic (40) to 17 years in prison for his role in the slaughter of more than 7,000 men and boys in Srebrenica, Bosnia. [see July 6, 1995]
    (AP, 12/11/03)
2003        Dec 10, It was reported that China was forcibly repatriating some 100 North Korean refugees each week and the 852 were detained in camps awaiting deportation.
    (SFC, 12/10/03, p.A16)
2003        Dec 10, The presidents of Egypt and Iran met for the 1st time since 1979. Iran's rulers authorized the signing of a UN nuclear deal.
    (WSJ, 12/11/03, p.A1)
2003        Dec 10, Ethiopian officials appealed for US$380 million for food and medicine to care for more than 7 million people who will go hungry next year if international aid doesn't make up for a chronic food shortfall.
    (AP, 12/10/03)
2003        Dec 10, Aslan Abashidze (65), a former Soviet bureaucrat who has ruled the region of Adzharia since Georgia's 1991 independence, refused to accept Georgia's interim leadership or parliament.
    (AP, 12/10/03)
2003        Dec 10, Iraq's U.S.-installed interim government established a special tribunal to deal with crime against humanity committed by Saddam Hussein's regime.
    (AP, 12/10/03)
2003        Dec 10, Iraq's Health Ministry has ordered a halt to a count of civilians killed during the war and told its statistics department not to release figures compiled so far.
    (AP, 12/10/03)
2003        Dec 10, Journalist Michael Weisskopf (57) was seriously wounded when a grenade thrown into an Army Humvee exploded as he attempted to throw it back out.
    (SFC, 12/12/03, p.A22)
2003        Dec 10, In Mosul, Iraq, 2 US soldiers were killed. In a Baghdad suburb armed men robbed a government bank of almost $1.4 billion dinars ($800,000).
    (SFC, 12/11/03, p.A17)
2003        Dec 10, Four Latvian climbers plunged hundreds of feet to their deaths on Mount Cook, New Zealand's highest peak.
    (AP, 12/10/03)
2003        Dec 10, In Liberia rampages by ex-government fighters left at least nine people dead in Monrovia. All but one of the deaths came in fighting between U.N. troops and the ex-militiamen.
    (AP, 12/10/03)
2003        Dec 10, The Nobel Prize awards ceremony were held in Sweden and Norway. Iranian democracy activist Shirin Ebadi, the first Muslim woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize, accepted the award in Oslo, Norway.
    (AP, 12/10/03)(AP, 12/10/08)
2003        Dec 10, The World Summit on the Information Society began a 3-day meeting in Geneva, Switz.
    (SSFC, 12/7/03, p.C2)

2003        Dec 11, US officials delayed a conference for companies seeking $18.6 billion in reconstruction contracts in Iraq by eight days until Dec. 19.
    (AP, 12/11/03)
2003        Dec 11, Pentagon officials said efforts to create a new Iraqi army to help take over the country's security have suffered a setback with the resignations of a third of the soldiers trained.
    (AP, 12/11/03)
2003        Dec 11, A new 2nd home for the National Air and Space Museum opened in Chantilly, Va., some 28 miles west of the original's home in Washington D.C.
    (AP, 12/11/04)
2003        Dec 11, US health officials reported an early flu outbreak had hit all 50 states and was widespread in 24.
    (AP, 12/11/04)
2003        Dec 11, Striking Kroger workers in West Virginia, Kentucky and Ohio ratified a new contract. The strike began Oct 13.
    (SFC, 12/12/03, p.B4)
2003        Dec 11, The DJIA closed over 10,000 (10,008) for the 1st time in over 18 months.
    (WSJ, 1/2/04, p.R12)
2003        Dec 11, ASEAN members met for a 2-day summit in Tokyo. Japan joined the 10 Southeast Asian nations in a pledge to expand trade and join forces on regional security.
    (AP, 12/11/03)
2003        Dec 11, In Quebec, Canada, labor protests left hundreds of buses idle at the beginning of a day of province wide protests against Premier Jean Charest's government.
    (AP, 12/11/03)
2003        Dec 11, In China's far northwest a coal mine fire in Urumqi killed nine miners, and rescue efforts were hampered by repeated gas explosions.
    (AP, 12/13/03)
2003        Dec 11, In Ecuador teachers striking for raises and parents demanding better schools clashed with police in protests that sought symbolically to take over the capital's downtown.
    (AP, 12/11/03)
2003        Dec 11, A French panel recommended a national ban on Islamic head scarves, Jewish skullcaps and large crucifixes at public schools.
    (WSJ, 12/12/03, p.A1)
2003        Dec 11, A German court freed a Moroccan accused of supporting the Sept. 11 al-Qaida terror cell in Hamburg, saying there was new evidence he did not know about the plot.
    (AP, 12/11/04)
2003        Dec 11, In Haiti police fired tear gas and warning shots at thousands of students calling for President Jean-Bertrand Aristide's ouster, as four private radio stations shut down because government supporters called in death threats.
    (AP, 12/11/03)(SFC, 12/12/03, p.A3)
2003        Dec 11, In Iraq a suicide bomber killed 1 US soldier and wounded 14 others at a military base in Ramadi.
    (SFC, 12/12/03, p.A22)
2003        Dec 11, In Israel explosives at a currency exchange in Tel Aviv killed 3 people and wounded 12 in what was labeled a criminal matter.
    (SFC, 12/12/03, p.A16)
2003        Dec 11, The Italian Parliament imposed controls on medically assisted reproduction.
    (SFC, 12/12/03, p.A17)
2003        Dec 11, Ahmadou Kourouma, Ivorian writer, died. His 5th novel, incomplete, was published in French in 2004.
    (Econ, 8/28/04, p.76)
2003        Dec 11, The UN children's fund said some 65 million girls worldwide are kept out of school, increasing the risks that they will suffer from extreme poverty, die in childbirth or from AIDS and pass those dangers on to future generations.
    (AP, 12/11/03)
2003        Dec 11, Uzbekistan said it will let the US station troops to help fight terrorism, but would not permit permanent deployment.
    (WSJ, 12/12/03, p.A1)

2003        Dec 12, Pres. Bush said that Halliburton, VP Dick Cheney's former company, should repay the government if it overcharged for gasoline delivered in Iraq under a prewar contract.
    (AP, 12/12/03)(WSJ, 12/12/03, p.A1)
2003        Dec 12, Pres. Bush signed legislation calling for economic penalties against Syria for not doing enough to fight terrorism.
    (SFC, 12/13/03, p.A3)
2003        Dec 12, In California Hispanics protested the repeal of a law allowing illegal immigrants to get driver's licenses, taking to the streets in a statewide boycott of schools and businesses.
    (AP, 12/12/03)(SFC, 12/12/03, p.A1)
2003        Dec 12, It was reported that researchers had found a gene in worms that was responsible for drunkenness.
    (WSJ, 12/12/03, p.A1)
2003        Dec 12, Former Azerbaijani Pres. Geidar Aliev (Heydar Aliyev, b.1923), a former KGB general and Communist Party chief who brought stability to a nation plagued by insurgencies, died at the Cleveland Clinic.
    (AP, 12/12/03)(SFC, 12/13/03, p.A20)
2003        Dec 12, In London, England, Mick Jagger (b.1943) of the Rolling Stones was knighted.
    (SFC, 12/13/03, p.A2)
2003        Dec 12, Paul Martin was sworn in as Canada's 21st prime minister with a vow to make drastic changes in the way the country is run.
    (AP, 12/12/03)
2003        Dec 12, Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao arrived in Mexico in a bid to extend a string of recent diplomatic and economic successes in North America. In 2002 China shipped $6.3 billion in goods to Mexico, undercutting many local goods.
    (SFC, 12/4/03, p.A22)(AP, 12/12/03)   
2003        Dec 12, Insurgents detonated a bomb alongside a U.S. military convoy west of Baghdad on Friday, killing one soldier and wounding two others.
    (AP, 12/12/03)
2003        Dec 12, Several people fell ill across Italy after drinking apparently tainted bottled mineral water, the latest in a scare that has prompted prosecutors to launch investigations across the nation.
    (AP, 12/13/03)
2003        Dec 12, Ivory Coast state security forces repulsed an assault near the state television station after a two-hour battle that left 18 people dead.
    (AP, 12/12/03)
2003        Dec 12, Japan pledged $3 billion in new aid to southeast Asia and promised to work with the region to bolster security ties, liberalize trade and create a broad "economic partnership.
    (AP, 12/13/03)
2003        Dec 12, In South Korea Park Jie-won, a confidant of former Pres. Kim Dae-jung, was convicted and sentenced to 12 years in jail for taking $12.5 million in bribes from a major conglomerate and illegally remitting money to North Korea ahead of a 2000 inter-Korean summit.
    (AP, 12/12/03)
2003        Dec 12, Three Dutch Protestant churches formally agreed to put aside their ideological differences and merge, the culmination of a process that began more than 40 years ago.
    (AP, 12/12/03)
2003        Dec 12, Fadwa Toukan (b.1917), Palestinian poet, died in Nablus at age 86.
    (SSFC, 12/14/03, p.A31)
2003        Dec 12, A UN conference on climate control closed in Milan, Italy. Many countries planned to go ahead with their Kyoto Protocol commitments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
    (AP, 12/13/03)
2003        Dec 12, Keiko the killer whale (27), whose early life inspired the film "Free Willy," died in Norway of apparent pneumonia.
    (SFC, 12/13/03, p.A1)

2003        Dec 13, Oklahoma quarterback Jason White won the Heisman Trophy.
    (AP, 12/13/04)
2003        Dec 13, William Roth Jr. (82), former Delaware Senator, died. He was 1st elected to Congress in 1966 and served 5 terms as a senator. He helped created the popular Roth retirement account and the Kemp-Roth tax cuts. His wrote the book "The Power to Destroy" (1999), a look at the IRS.
    (SFC, 12/15/03, p.A2)(WSJ, 12/15/03, p.A1)
2003        Dec 13, Oscar Schachter (88), pioneer of int'l. law, died in NYC. He helped establish the legal framework of the United Nations.
    (SSFC, 12/28/03, p.A29)
2003        Dec 13, In Canada Paul Martin, in one of his first acts as prime minister, cancelled the scandal-plagued federal advertising sponsorship program. It had begun in 1996 under PM Chretien to promote federalism in Quebec, but turned into a slush fund for the Liberal Party.
    (AP, 12/13/03)(Econ, 11/5/05, p.42)
2003        Dec 13, More than 250 US agribusiness representatives traveled to Cuba for sales talks, marking the 2nd anniversary of the first US commercial food shipments to the island.
    (AP, 12/13/03)
2003        Dec 13, EU efforts to seal its first-ever constitution collapsed, after leaders in Brussels could not agree on the best way to divvy power once the bloc adds 10 new members next year.
    (AP, 12/13/03)
2003        Dec 13, Tens of thousands of students took to the streets of three German cities, protesting government plans to slash funding for universities.
    (AP, 12/13/03)
2003        Dec 13, Indonesian troops gun downed at least three suspected rebels, including the first female insurgent killed in the current offensive, and captured eight others during clashes in the war-torn province of Aceh.
    (AP, 12/14/03)
2003        Dec 13, American forces captured a bearded and haggard-looking Saddam Hussein in an underground hide-out on a farm in Adwar near his hometown of Tikrit. 2 other Iraqis were arrested. Small arms and $750,000 in bills were also seized. The 55 most-wanted Iraqis and their status, according to U.S. Central Command: 39 were in custody, 13 remained at large, 2 were confirmed killed and one was reported killed.
    (AP, 12/14/03)(SFC, 12/15/03, p.A13)
2003        Dec 13, Israeli troops fired on a taxi that drove through a West Bank checkpoint, killing a female passenger.
    (AP, 12/13/03)
2003        Dec 13, Chinese Premier Web Jiabao sought to assure Mexican leaders that their country's economy is not threatened by China's lower wages and cheaper goods, saying the two nations are partners, not rivals.
    (AP, 12/13/03)
2003        Dec 13, Pres. Alejandro Toledo demanded the resignation of Peru's first-ever female PM and her 15-minister Cabinet in the wake of rumors about her personal life. A political rival was spreading rumors that she is a lesbian.
    (AP, 12/13/03)
2003        Dec 13, Philippine Foreign Secretary Blas Ople (76), a key ally of President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo in her support for Washington's war on terror, died of a heart attack.
    (AP, 12/14/03)

2003        Dec 14, Jeanne Crain (b.1925), film star, died in Santa Barbara.
    (SFC, 12/15/03, p.A24)
2003        Dec 14, In Afghanistan a landmark constitutional convention began with solemn prayers.
    (AP, 12/14/03)
2003        Dec 14, Brazil's ruling Workers Party expelled four leftist lawmakers after they voted against the party on crucial legislation being sought by President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva.
    (AP, 12/15/03)
2003        Dec 14, In southwestern England 2 dozen people suffered burns to their faces, hands and arms in a suspected acid attack at a pub in Bristol.
    (AP, 12/15/03)
2003        Dec 14, Chad's government signed a cease-fire with rebel forces at the end of talks in Burkina Faso.
    (AP, 12/14/03)
2003        Dec 14, Elections in northern Cyprus ended in a deadlock with the pro-EU opposition and pro-government parties splitting the 50 parliamentary seats. EU members have said that Turkey must help reunite the island before it can realize its own membership aspirations.
    (AP, 12/15/03)(WSJ, 12/15/03, p.A13)
2003        Dec 14, In Baghdad a suspected suicide attacker detonated a car bomb killing at least 17 people and wounding 35 others. A US soldier was killed trying to diffuse a roadside bomb. Ryan Manelick, A US contract worker for Ultra Services, was shot to death near Camp Anaconda. He was an associate of Kirk von Ackerman, who disappeared Oct 9. Manelick had told Army investigators kickbacks were being made to a US Army officer.
    (SFC, 12/15/03, p.A15)(SSFC, 2/13/05, p.A14)
2003        Dec 14, Venice threw itself a party to celebrate the rebirth of the La Fenice, following a $90 million restoration, with a gala concert that drew the Italian president, European royalty and Italy's glitterati.
    (AP, 12/15/03)(SFC, 12/15/03, p.A2)
2003        Dec 14, In Nepal Fighting between suspected rebels and security forces intensified over the weekend, killing at least 70 people in separate attacks across the Himalayan kingdom.
    (AP, 12/14/03)
2003        Dec 14, In Pakistan Pres. Musharraf survived an assassination attempt when a bomb exploded on a bridge just after his motorcade crossed. In 2005 a military court found 6 air force personnel guilty of trying to assassinate Musharraf and 4 were sentenced to death.
    (SFC, 12/15/03, p.A6)(WSJ, 10/5/05, p.A1)
2003        Dec 14, Palestinians fired a barrage of mortars at Jewish settlements in the Gaza Strip and Israeli troops killed a fugitive from the Islamic Jihad group in the West Bank.
    (AP, 12/14/03)

2003        Dec 15, The Bush administration proposed a market-based system of pollution controls that required power companies to cut mercury pollution by nearly 70% over the next 15 years, but let them decide for themselves how to meet the overall limits.
    (SFC, 12/16/03, p.A5)
2003        Dec 15, The US Navy seized a boat carrying nearly two tons of hashish in the Persian Gulf. It was soon considered as the first hard evidence of al-Qaida links to drug smuggling.
    (AP, 12/19/03)
2003        Dec 15, Charles Cullen (43), a former nurse, was charged with murder after telling prosecutors that he killed 30-40 severely ill patients in Pennsylvania and New Jersey since 1987 by injecting them with drugs. Cullen later pleaded guilty to killing 29 people and attempting to kill six others; he was sentenced to 18 life prison terms.
    (SFC, 12/17/03, p.A3)(WSJ, 4/30/04, p.A1)(SFC, 5/20/04, p.A3)(AP, 12/15/08)
2003        15, The late Sen. Strom Thurmond's family acknowledged Essie Mae Washington-Williams' claim that she was his illegitimate mixed-race daughter.
    (AP, 12/15/04)
2003        Dec 15, In Cleburne, Texas, Joanne Webb, housewife and sales rep for Passion Parties, answered to obscenity charges for selling a vibrator to undercover narcotics officers posing as a dysfunctional married couple.
    (SFC, 12/16/03, p.A2)
2003        Dec 15, Motorola chose Edward Zander, former president of Sun Microsystems, to succeed Christopher Galvin as CEO.
    (WSJ, 1/2/04, p.R12)
2003        Dec 15, The royal army of Bhutan seized a camp near its border with India that they believe housed the headquarters of a major Indian separatist group.
    (AP, 12/16/03)
2003        Dec 15, The IMF extended for 15 months a $34 billion loan agreement with Brazil.
    (WSJ, 12/16/03, p.A15)
2003        Dec 15, Cambodia's prime minister ordered the destruction of the country's surface-to-air missiles to prevent them from falling into the hands of terrorists. Hun Sen issued the order after a meeting in Phnom Penh with U.S. Ambassador Charles Ray.
    (AP, 12/16/03)
2003        Dec 15, At least 25 gunmen crossed from Chechnya into the Russian region of Dagestan, killing at least 3 border guards and seizing hostages in a remote mountain village.
    (AP, 12/15/03)
2003        Dec 15, From China it was reported that Liu Dalin (71), founder and curator of the Chinese Sexual Culture Museum, was moving his collection from Shanghai to Tongli. His 3,700 items covered 6,000 years of human sexuality in the world's most populous nation.
    (AP, 12/15/03)
2003        Dec 15, In northern Colombia rebel leaders said they will release four Israelis and a Briton during the next several days, after holding the foreigners hostage for three months.
    (AP, 12/16/03)
2003        Dec 15, Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder salvaged a deal to which he has tied his political future, a plan to spur Germany's economy by cutting taxes, trimming welfare-state benefits and loosening stringent worker protection laws.
    (AP, 12/15/03)
2003        Dec 15, In Iraq a suicide bomber driving a four-wheel drive taxi killed eight Iraqi policemen in an attack on a station in Baghdad's northern outskirts.
    (AP, 12/15/03)
2003        Dec 15, Israeli soldiers shot dead 2 Palestinians in Gaza.
    (WSJ, 12/16/03, p.A1)
2003        Dec 15, In Italy Calisto Tonzi, head of Parmalat SpA, one of the world's biggest dairy firms, resigned. [see Dec 19]
    (Econ, 12/20/03, p.95)
2003        Dec 15, In Pakistan police arrested 10 people suspected of links to the Taliban and al-Qaida in two nighttime raids at Rawalpindi.
    (AP, 12/16/03)
2003        Dec 15, In Peru Pres. Alejandro Toledo, with his popularity dropping, swore in a new Cabinet chief and several ministers. Toledo named congressman Carlos Ferrero to replace Prime Minister Beatriz Merino.
    (AP, 12/15/03)
2003        Dec 15, The UN said it was suspending for a month a disarmament campaign in war-battered Liberia so it can improve a camp for former combatants.
    (AP, 12/15/03)

2003        Dec 16, The 3rd film episode of "Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring" opened.
    (SFC, 12/17/03, p.A1)
2003        Dec 16, Pres. Bush signed legislation to curb unsolicited commercial e-mails and a bill to establish a national museum devoted to black history.
    (WSJ, 12/17/03, p.A1)(AP, 12/16/04)
2003        Dec 16, Pres. Bush signed a measure that made WW II Filipino American veterans eligible for full Veterans Affair health care. Previous benefits were at half the rate of US veterans. Veterans in the Philippines did not qualify.
    (SFC, 12/17/03, p.A2)(SFC, 12/30/03, p.A15)
2003        Dec 16, U.S. special envoy James A. Baker III said France, Germany and the US agreed to seek reductions in Iraq's foreign debt within the Paris Club of creditor nations.
    (AP, 12/16/03)(SFC, 12/17/03, p.A18)
2003        Dec 16, US borrowing from foreign investors stood at $1.5 billion a day.
    (WSJ, 12/16/03, p.A1)
2003        Dec 16, Actress Madlyn Rhue died in Los Angeles at age 68.
    (AP, 12/16/04)
2003        Dec 16, In Afghanistan several dozen delegates broke away from a crucial constitutional assembly to celebrate the inauguration of the Kabul-Kandahar highway, a vital artery linking the capital with the lawless and poverty-stricken south.
    (AP, 12/16/03)
2003        Dec 16, In Canada Robert Lorne Stanfield (89), former leader of the federal Tories, died. Stanfield led the Progressive Conservatives from 1967 to 1976.
    (AP, 12/17/03)
2003        Dec 16, Chechen rebels, who fought their way into the neighboring Dagestan region and occupied a village, released all their hostages and fled, avoiding capture.
    (AP, 12/16/03)
2003        Dec 16, A fire broke out at Denmark's North Sea Museum, destroying much of the building housing Europe's largest aquarium.
    (AP, 12/17/03)
2003        Dec 16, In Haiti a strike to press for the ouster of President Jean-Bertrand Aristide closed down schools, stores and banks in Port-au-Prince.
    (AP, 12/16/03)
2003        Dec 16, A cyclone tore into India's southeastern coast, killing 11 people.
    (AP, 12/16/03)
2003        Dec 16, U.S. troops killed 11 guerrilla attackers, some of whom released a flock of pigeons to signal the Americans' approach, in an ambush in a town north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 12/16/03)
2003        Dec 16, In central Somalia rival militias battled over barren desert lands in fighting that killed at least 31 people and wounded 50 others.
    (AP, 12/17/03)
2003        Dec 16, Taiwan's lawmakers banned the selling of dog meat and introduced heavy fines for killing pets for food or fur.
    (AP, 12/18/03)

2003        Dec 17, The US CDC reported that the average age of US women for their 1st child was 25.1 years, up from 21.4 in 1970.
    (WSJ, 12/18/03, p.A1)
2003        Dec 17, The Bush administration reached a free-trade deal with El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua for immediate duty-free access to half of all US farm exports and 80% of consumer goods.
    (WSJ, 12/18/03, p.A1)
2003        Dec 17, George Ryan, former governor of Illinois, was indicted by a federal grand jury on charges of racketeering. Ryan was alter convicted and sentenced to 6 1/2-years in federal prison sentence for racketeering.
    (SFC, 12/18/03, p.A2)(AP, 12/17/08)
2003        Dec 17, Wally Hedrick (75), Beat-era artist, died at his home in Sonoma County, Ca.
    (SFC, 12/24/03, p.A16)
2003        Dec 17, In Britain Ian Huntley, a former school caretaker, was convicted of murdering two 10-year-old girls in 2002. He had previously been investigated for sex crimes. Huntley was sentenced to two life terms.
    (AP, 12/17/03)(Econ, 1/21/06, p.53)
2003        Dec 17, The British government announced the first reported case of a person dying from the human form of mad cow disease after a blood transfusion from an infected donor.
    (AP, 12/17/04)
2003        Dec 17, China Life, China's biggest life insurer, debuted on the NY stock exchange.
    (Econ, 12/20/03, p.104)
2003        Dec 17, The fifth outbreak in two years of the deadly Ebola virus in a the Republic of Congo has so far killed 29 people.
    (AP, 12/17/03)
2003        Dec 17, In France Pres. Jacques Chirac announced his decision to pass a law banning Islamic head scarves and other conspicuous religious symbols in public schools.
    (AP, 12/18/03)
2003        Dec 17, In Greece a court handed multiple life sentences to the leader, chief assassin and three other members of the November 17 terror organization.
    (AP, 12/17/03)
2003        Dec 17, Haiti police stormed and shut down a pro-opposition radio station, smashing studio equipment in what they said was a search for weapons.
    (AP, 12/18/03)
2003        Dec 17, In Baghdad an explosives-laden truck speeding toward a police station slammed into a bus and blew up before dawn, killing at least 10 Iraqis.
    (AP, 12/17/03)
2003        Dec 17, In Iraq guerrillas ambushed a U.S. military patrol with small arms fire, killing one soldier at al-Karmah in northwest Baghdad. The soldier's death brings the number of U.S. soldiers killed in combat to 314 since the war started on March 20.
    (AP, 12/18/03)
2003        Dec 17, Suspected followers of Saddam Hussein shot to death Muhannad al-Hakim a representative of a major Shiite political party and a member of the Supreme Council for the Islamic Revolution.
    (AP, 12/18/03)
2003        Dec 17, South Korea agreed to send 3,000 troops to Iraq in 2004.
    (WSJ, 12/18/03, p.A1)
2003        Dec 17, NATO's Secretary General Lord Robertson ended a tumultuous four-year term.
    (AP, 12/17/03)
2003        Dec 17, In the Ukraine a bus veered off a mountain road and plunged into a deep ditch on the Crimean peninsula, killing 17 people and injuring 19 others.
    (AP, 12/18/03)

2003        Dec 18, A federal judge in NY ruled that Pres. Bush does not have the power to order that a US citizen captured in this country be held indefinitely as an enemy combatant. Federal judges in SF ruled that the administration's policy of imprisoning some 600 non-citizens in Cuba without access to US legal protection raises concerns under US and Int'l. law.
    (SFC, 12/19/03, p.A1)
2003        Dec 18, Lee Boyd Malvo (18) was convicted in Virginia for his role in the 2002 sniper shootings.
    (SFC, 12/19/03, p.A3)
2003        Dec 18, Michael Jackson was formally charged with child molesting and administering an intoxicating agent.
    (WSJ, 12/19/03, p.A1)
2003        Dec 18, A judge in Seattle sentenced confessed Green River Killer Gary Ridgway to 48 consecutive life terms.
    (AP, 12/18/04)
2003        Dec 18, RealNetworks filed a federal anti-trust suit against Microsoft, alleging it has tried to use it monopoly power in PC operating systems to unlawfully dominate the digital media market. A settlement was reached in 2005.
    (SFC, 10/12/05, p.C2)
2003        Dec 18, The US Census Bureau reported the population had grown to 291 million, and would reach 300 million in 4 years.
    (WSJ, 12/19/03, p.A1)
2003        Dec 18, An Ohio school district suspended classes after bullet holes were found in 2 of its buses.
    (WSJ, 12/19/03, p.A1)
2003        Dec 18, The NYSE named John Thain, president of Goldman Sachs, as CEO.
    (WSJ, 1/2/04, p.R12)
2003        Dec 18, In California the small Sierra Railroad (b.1897) announced a successful $1.4 million bid for the 40-mile Mendocino County Skunk train.
    (SFC, 12/19/03, p.A21)
2003        Dec 18, Mark Anthony Fregia, while driving with his girlfriend and 2 children, set their car on fire near the I-80 freeway exit at Pinole, Ca. Erin Weaver was severely burned and the 2 children burned to death in the car. Fregia fled the scene in a stolen car but was caught the next day. In 2007 Fregia was convicted of 2 counts of murder and attempted voluntary manslaughter.
    (SFC, 12/20/03, p.A17)(SFC, 12/4/07, p.B2)
2003        Dec 18, Charles Berlitz (90), linguist and author, died in Florida. His books included "The Bermuda Triangle" (1974), and "Native Tongues," a compendium of language history.
    (SFC, 1/5/04, p.B5)
2003        Dec 18, Bhutan's royal army killed at least 90 Indian separatist guerrillas in three days of fighting to shut down their bases in the tiny Himalayan nation. the Bhutanese army reported six to seven fatal casualties.
    (AP, 12/18/03)
2003        Dec 18, Dragan Nikolic (46), former Bosnian Serb prison camp commander who allowed his troops to rape, torture and murder his Muslim prisoners, was sentenced to 23 years in jail at the U.N. war crimes tribunal in the Hague.
    (AP, 12/18/03)
2003        Dec 18, The Cayman Islands banned fishing in grouper spawning areas for eight years, citing a sharp decline in the species' population. The ban took effect of Dec 29.
    (AP, 12/19/03)
2003        Dec 18, Israel's PM Sharon said that if talks with Palestinians failed, Israel would unilaterally withdraw from some settlements in order to establish a more defensible border.
    (SFC, 12/19/03, p.A17)
2003        Dec 18, Iran signed a key accord opening its nuclear facilities to unfettered and unannounced inspections.
    (AP, 12/18/03)
2003        Dec 18, The Lithuanian Parliament launched impeachment proceedings against Pres. Rolandas Paksas over charges that his office had connections with organized crime.
    (SFC, 12/19/03, p.A3)
2003        Dec 18, President Vladimir Putin told Russians that he would seek a second term in the March 14 election. He also agreed to renegotiate debt relief for Iraq.
    (AP, 12/18/03)(SFC, 12/19/03, p.A9)

2003        Dec 19, New plans revealed that the signature NYC skyscraper at the World Trade Center site will be a 1,776-foot glass tower that twists into the sky, topped by energy-generating windmills and a spire that evokes the Statue of Liberty. The plan was produced after months of contentious negotiations between Daniel Libeskind, who designed the overall five-building site plan, and David Childs, the lead architect for the Freedom Tower.
    (AP, 12/20/03)(SFC, 12/20/03, p.A1)
2003        Dec 19, U.S. troops mistakenly shot and killed three Iraqi police officers and wounded two others, thinking they were bandits.
    (AP, 12/20/03)
2003        Dec 19, Hope Lange (70), film actress, died in Santa Monica.
    (SFC, 12/22/03, p.A20)
2003        Dec 19, Les Tremayne (90), film actor, died.
    (AP, 12/19/04)
2003        Dec 19, An Ontario court ruled that the Canadian government discriminated against same-sex couples by denying pension benefits to survivors whose partners died before 1998. Benefits were made retro-active to April 17, 1985.
    (SFC, 12/21/03, p.A14)
2003        Dec 19, China said it has issued rules restricting exports of missile, nuclear and biological technologies that can be used to make or deliver weapons of mass destruction.
    (AP, 12/20/03)
2003        Dec 19, Colombia's attorney general charged the crew of a military helicopter with involuntary manslaughter for killing 17 civilians with a bomb during a 1998 clash with rebels.
    (AP, 12/21/03)
2003        Dec 19, Fisheries ministers of the 15 European Union nations reached a compromise deal to protect dwindling stocks of cod, hake and other species.
    (AP, 12/19/03)
2003        Dec 19, German lawmakers adopted a package of tax cuts and looser employment laws.
    (SFC, 12/20/03, p.A3)
2003        Dec 19, Israelis ushered in the eight-day Hanukkah holiday.
    (AP, 12/19/03)
2003        Dec 19, Parmalat SpA, an Italian food giant, reported a $4.9 billion shortfall. Soon another $3.6 billion in bonds was also in question. Parmalat planned to file for bankruptcy protection in what turned into the biggest corporate fraud in Europe's history. Parmalat employed 36,000 people in 29 countries. Fausto Tonna, former chief financial officer, soon acknowledged that there was systematic falsification of accounts for some 15 years. In 2001 an auditor in Brazil had raised an alarm over financial transactions. The accounting scandal reached $17 billion.
    (SFC, 12/24/03, p.B1)(WSJ, 12/26/03, p.C1)(WSJ, 3/29/04, p.A3)(Econ, 8/6/05, p.57)
2003        Dec 19, Japan announced that it will begin building a missile defense system.
    (AP, 12/19/03)
2003        Dec 19, Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi, after secret negotiations with the United States and Britain, agreed to halt his nation's drive to develop nuclear and chemical weapons and the long-range missiles to deliver them. Libya admitted to nuclear fuel projects, including possessing centrifuges and centrifuge parts used in uranium enrichment. Libya showed American and British inspectors a significant quantity of mustard agent. Libya acknowledged it intended to acquire equipment and develop capabilities to create biological weapons. Libya admitted "elements of the history of its cooperation with North Korea" to develop extended-range Scud missiles.
    (AP, 12/19/03)(AP, 12/20/03)
2003        Dec 19, Wim Sombroek (b.1934), Dutch soil researcher, died. He was the first modern investigator of terra preta, Amazonian dark earths, the carbon-rich soils developed by ancient civilizations in what was once thought to be a pristine wilderness.
    (http://tinyurl.com/afgo8j)(Econ, 8/29/09, p.69)(www.iuss.org/popup/Wim_Sombroek.htm)
2003        Dec 19, In the Philippines landslides and floods left least 127 people dead, and dozens were still missing and feared dead.
    (AP, 12/20/03)(AP, 12/21/03)(AP, 12/22/03)
2003        Dec 19, Venezuela's opposition turned in 3.4 million signatures to demand a recall referendum on Hugo Chavez' rule.
    (AP, 12/19/03)
2003        Dec 19, In Zimbabwe riot police shut down the printing plant of the only independent daily newspaper, defying a court order that overturned a government ban.
    (AP, 12/19/03)

2003        Dec 20, Friends and relatives of Michael Jackson descended on his Neverland Ranch to show their support for the entertainer as he fought child molestation charges.
    (AP, 12/20/04)
2003        Dec 20,  Lt. Gen. David W. Barno, the new U.S. commander in Afghanistan said he will use his forces to open up the lawless south and east to development aid, in a tactical switch to beat a stubborn insurgency threatening next year's elections.
    (AP, 12/20/03)
2003        Dec 20, A rescue team picked up two injured British adventurers after their helicopter crashed in the Antarctic during a round-the world voyage. Jennifer Murray and Colin Bodill, who were attempting to circumnavigate the Earth across both poles, were found "safe and well."
    (AP, 12/20/03)
2003        Dec 20, In Chechnya 10 Russian servicemen were killed in rebel attacks over 24 hours.
    (AP, 12/21/03)
2003        Dec 20, A German bus swerved off a Belgian highway, crashed against a concrete divider and caught fire, killing 12 people and injuring dozens more.
    (AP, 12/20/03)
2003        Dec 20, Insurgents attacked pipelines and an oil storage depot in three parts of Iraq, setting fires that blazed for hours and lost millions of gallons of oil.
    (AP, 12/21/03)
2003        Dec 20, The third year of fighting between Israelis and Palestinians saw a decline in the number of people killed, according to an AP count. Violence claimed nearly 800 lives in 2003.
    (AP, 12/20/03)
2003        Dec 20, A Lebanese military court convicted 32 people of bombing American and British businesses, and imposed sentences ranging from three months to life imprisonment.
    (AP, 12/20/03)
2003        Dec 20, Spain's PM Jose Maria Aznar paid a surprise visit to Spanish troops in Iraq.
    (AP, 12/20/03)
2003        Dec 20, Four Venezuelan National Guard soldiers were killed in an ambush while patrolling an area near the Colombian border.
    (AP, 12/21/03)

2003        Dec 21, Tom Ridge, head of the US Department of Homeland Security, announced that the government was elevating the national terror alert warning to "Code Orange," an upgrade from the "Code Yellow" elevated status.
    (AP, 12/22/03)
2003        Dec 21, Time magazine's named The American soldier, who bears the duty of "living with and dying for a country's most fateful decisions," as Person of the Year.
    (AP, 12/21/03)
2003        Dec 21, Dave Dudley (75), pioneer of truck-driving country songs, died. His hits included "Six Days on the Road."
    (SSFC, 12/28/03, p.E10)
2003        Dec 21, Guinea's longtime leader Lansana Conte was expected to easily win another term as president in elections after an opposition boycott left a little-known parliamentarian as the only challenger for the post.
    (AP, 12/21/03)
2003        Dec 21, In Honduras crowds at a Christmas toy giveaway at National Stadium surged out of control, and a 7-year-old girl was killed and about 80 other people were injured. Television station, Compania Televisora, has run the charity giveaway for eight years, and many businesses contributed toys to the event.
    (AP, 12/21/03)
2003        Dec 21, Israeli troops conducted a series of raids in the West Bank city of Nablus, arresting Hamas leader Adnan Asfour and killing a 5-year-old Palestinian boy.
    (AP, 12/21/03)
2003        Dec 21, More than 150 people were killed in mudslides in the Philippines. [see Dec 19]
    (AP, 12/21/04)
2003        Dec 21, Oleg Troyanovsky (84), Soviet diplomat, died.
    (AP, 12/21/04)
2003        Dec 21, The Sudan government and rebels have moved a step closer to ending their 20-year civil war after agreeing on how to divide the country's oil revenue.
    (AP, 12/21/03)
2003        Dec 21, A vessel, carrying some 60 migrants from Jordan, Iraq, Iran and Afghanistan, left the Turkish Mediterranean resort of Marmaris late Dec 20 and was heading to the Greek island of Rhodes when it sank.
    (AP, 12/22/03)

2003        Dec 22, A federal deadline for Sept 11 related injury claims was set for midnight. A final tally showed 4,033 claims for the 2001 WTC attack.
    (SFC, 12/30/03, p.A4)
2003        Dec 22, A federal judge ruled the Pentagon couldn't enforce mandatory anthrax vaccinations for military personnel.
    (AP, 12/22/04)
2003        Dec 22, A 6.5 earthquake jolted the central California coast. Marilyn Zafuto (55) and Jennifer Myrick (20) were killed in Paso Robles when the 1892 Mastagni Building and its 15-foor clock tower collapsed. Damages from the San Simeon quake were estimated at some $100 million.
    (AP, 12/23/03)(SFC, 12/23/03, p.A1)(SFC, 12/24/03, p.A1)
2003        Dec 22, Leaders of Arab countries from the Persian Gulf agreed to form a pact to combat terrorism and praised Washington for planning to transfer power to Iraqis by mid-2004.
    (AP, 12/22/03)
2003        Dec 22, Brazil's Pres. Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva signed a sweeping gun-control law in an effort to rein in what he called "an epidemic of murder by firearms."
    (AP, 12/23/03)
2003        Dec 22, China put forth legislation to change its constitution to protect private property rights for the first time since the 1949 communist revolution, a key step in making capitalism its economy's driving force.
    (AP, 12/22/03)
2003        Dec 22, Colombian rebels freed four Israelis and a Briton held hostage for 101 days.
    (AP, 12/22/04)
2003        Dec 22, An international human rights group criticized a peace agreement giving soldiers and rebels temporary immunity from prosecution for atrocities committed against civilians in Burundi's 10-year civil war.
    (AP, 12/22/03)
2003        Dec 22, Egyptian Foreign Minister Ahmed Maher (68) was attacked by Islamic extremists at the Al Axsa mosque in Jerusalem. He said the incident would only strengthen his country's resolve to settle the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
    (AP, 12/23/03)(SFC, 12/23/03, p.A3)
2003        Dec 22, In Haiti an armed gang opened fire on anti-government protesters during a clash that killed one man and left President Jean-Bertrand Aristide facing growing unrest. A radio station later reported that the death toll rose to eight.
    (AP, 12/22/03)(AP, 12/25/03)
2003        Dec 22, In Iraq a roadside bomb exploded near a U.S. military convoy, killing two American soldiers and an Iraqi translator.
    (AP, 12/22/03)
2003        Dec 22, Ivory Coast rebel officials said they will rejoin a power-sharing government meant to secure peace after a nine-month civil war in the divided West African nation.
    (AP, 12/22/03)
2003        Dec 22, The UN Security Council voted unanimously to maintain sanctions on Liberia including an arms embargo and a ban on importing diamonds from the west African nation.
    (AP, 12/23/03)
2003        Dec 22, Poland's Pres. Aleksander Kwasniewski made an unannounced visit to the headquarters of Polish-led peacekeepers in Iraq.
    (AP, 12/22/03)
2003        Dec 22, Pakistan acknowledged that some scientists participating in its nuclear program may have been involved in the proliferation of sensitive technology.
    (AP, 12/22/03)
2003        Dec 22, Russia agreed to write off 65% of the debt owed by Iraq.
    (WSJ, 12/23/03, p.A1)
2003        Dec 22, South Korea and Japan began negotiations on establishing a free-trade agreement between the East Asian economic powerhouses.
    (AP, 12/22/03)
2003        Dec 22, The South Korean government dispatched hundreds of soldiers to farms to help slaughter chickens and ducks in an effort to contain a contagious bird flu spreading throughout the country.
    (AP, 12/22/03)
2003        Dec 22, The world's richest lottery spread $2.2 billion in Christmas cheer throughout Spain, including to a village whose name means luck.
    (AP, 12/22/03)

2003        Dec 23, The Bush administration reversed a 2001 Clinton policy and opened some 300,000 acres of Alaska's Tongass National Forest to possible logging or other development. The plan affirmed a Clinton plan from 1997.
    (SFC, 12/24/03, p.A4)
2003        Dec 23, A Virginia jury recommended a sentence of life in prison for Lee Boyd Malvo.
    (AP, 12/23/03)
2003        Dec 23, New York Gov. George Pataki posthumously pardoned comedian Lenny Bruce for his 1964 obscenity conviction.
    (AP, 12/23/04)
2003        Dec 23, A cow, slaughtered in Washington state on Dec 9, was reported to have tested positive for mad cow disease, the 1st such US case. The $2.6 billion beef export industry was hit as 7 nations quickly suspended imports of US beef: Japan, South Korea, Singapore, Thailand, Malaysia, Taiwan and Australia. The infected Holstein was imported into the United States from Canada about two years ago. A US beef recall soon spread to 8 states and Guam.
    (AP, 12/24/03)(SFC, 12/24/03, p.A1)(AP, 12/27/03)(SFC, 12/29/03, p.A1)
2003        Dec 23, Flooding in central Bolivia killed at least 19 people and left 40 missing, most of them passengers on a bus that was swept away by a swollen river.
    (AP, 12/24/03)
2003        Dec 23, Canada's Supreme Court ruled that marijuana possession would remain a criminal offense even as PM Paul Martin pressed to eliminate jail sentences for people caught with small amounts.
    (SFC, 12/24/03, p.A3)
2003        Dec 23, A blowout occurred at a natural gas field near Chongqing in Kaixian County. Fumes from the gas well in China's southwest killed at least 233 people and forced some 41,000 to flee a 10-square-mile death zone. Technicians capped it Dec 27.
    (AP, 12/25/03)(SFC, 12/27/03, p.A8)(SFC, 12/29/03, p.A3)
2003        Dec 23, In Colombia a bus explosion that killed at least four people and injured more than 30 others was called an accident.
    (AP, 12/24/03)
2003        Dec 23, In Croatia Ivo Sanader (b.1953) began serving as prime minister. He resigned office in 2009.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ivo_Sanader)
2003        Dec 23, An Israeli raid on the Rafah refugee camp killed 9 Palestinians and left over 40 wounded in the worst violence in the Gaza Strip in two months. Hours earlier Israel lost its first two soldiers in a month of relative calm.
    (AP, 12/23/03)(AP, 12/24/03)
2003        Dec 23, The Dutch National Flu Center said more than 15 of every 10,000 Dutch citizens have flu symptoms, enough to qualify the current outbreak as an epidemic.
    (AP, 12/23/03)
2003        Dec 23, The South Korean Cabinet approved a plan to send 3,000 troops to the northern oil town of Kirkuk as early as April.
    (AP, 12/23/03)
2003        Dec 23, Myanmar's largest guerrilla group said it is committed to peace talks with the military government, but it wants future rounds held in the Thai capital to preserve neutrality.
    (AP, 12/23/03)
2003        Dec 23, Kriangsak Chomanan (b.1917), an army general who became PM of Thailand in 1977 through a series of coups, died at age 87. He helped steer Thailand to democracy.
    (AP, 12/23/03)(Econ, 1/10/04, p.76)
2003        Dec 23, Venezuelan opposition leaders turned in more than a million signatures to demand recall referendums against 26 lawmakers aligned with President Hugo Chavez.
    (AP, 12/24/03)

2003        Dec 24, A US federal appeals court blocked the Bush administration from implementing a major environmental rule change that would have allowed power plants to upgrade their facilities without installing anti-pollution equipment.
    (SFC, 12/25/03, p.A3)
2003        Dec 24, Several Air France flights to Los Angeles were cancelled stranding hundreds of people in Paris on Christmas Eve amid fears of a terrorist attack.
    (AP, 12/24/03)
2003        Dec 24, It was reported that U.S. and Russian experts recovered 37 pounds of weapons-grade uranium, enough to develop a nuclear warhead, from a closed atomic facility in Bulgaria.
    (AP, 12/24/03)
2003        Dec 24, Caroline Weiss Law, Texas oil heiress, died on her 85th birthday. She left 52 major art works, valued at $60-85 million, and $25 million cash to establish an endowment for the Houston Museum of Fine Arts.
    (SFC, 2/13/04, p.D12)
2003        Dec 24, In Iraq a string of separate bombings killed 6 civilians and 3 American soldiers.
    (AP, 12/24/03)
2003        Dec 24, Madagascar's former PM Didier Ratsiraka was sentenced to 12 years of hard labor and ordered to pay $7.6 million in damages for his role in last year's election crisis that led to the formation of two governments.
    (AP, 12/24/03)(Econ, 1/1/05, p.34)
2003        Dec 24, Pakistan's Pres. Gen. Pervez Musharraf agreed to step down as head of the armed forces by the end of 2004, part of a deal with the hardline Islamic opposition to end a long standoff that has stalled this nation's return to democracy. Musharraf also agreed to scale back some of the special powers he decreed himself after taking power in a 1999 military coup.
    (AP, 12/24/03)
2003        Dec 24, Ukraine's parliament, the Verkhovna Rada, gave initial approval to constitutional amendments allowing the president to be elected by the legislature rather than by popular vote.
    (AP, 12/24/03)(WPR, 3/04, p.28)

2003        Dec 25, Near San Bernadino, Ca., 16 people were killed at a youth camp after mudslides, triggered by heavy rain, swept down the San Gabriel Mountains recently scorched by wildfire. 2 of the 14 people killed were at a KOA campground near Devore.
    (SFC, 12/27/03, p.A1)(SFC, 12/29/03, p.A1)(AP, 12/25/05)
2003        Dec 25, Florida's Gov. Jeb Bush dedicated a faith-based prison.
    (WSJ, 12/26/03, p.A1)
2003        Dec 25, In Schenectady, NY, 2  home fires left 5 people dead. At least 4 people in one fire were killed by shotgun blasts.
    (SFC, 12/26/03, p.A5)
2003        Dec 25, A small plane crashed after takeoff at the North Las Vegas and 6 family members were killed.
    (SSFC, 12/28/03, p.A3)
2003        Dec 25, A passenger plane bound for Beirut crashed into the sea shortly after takeoff from the west African nation of Benin and at least 138 people, mostly Lebanese, were killed. Some 35 people survived.
    (AP, 12/25/03)(SFC, 12/26/03, p.A3)(AP, 12/27/03)
2003        Dec 25, The British Beagle 2 spacecraft landed on Mars. The 73-pound lander was launched by the European Space Agency June 2. Contact with the Charles Darwin probe was lost on Dec 26 after it separated from its European Space Agency Mars Express mother ship on Dec 19. The mother ship went into orbit for a planned 2 years of photography. In 2015 scientists found the probe on the surface of Mars.
    (SFC, 12/25/03, p.A1)(SFC, 12/26/03, p.A2)(SFC, 12/27/03, p.A2)(AFP, 1/16/15)
2003        Dec 25, China announced steps to reduce overexpansion.
    (SFC, 12/26/03, p.A3)
2003        Dec 25, A strong earthquake shook the border of Costa Rica and Panama, killing an infant and leaving dozens of others with mainly minor injuries.
    (AP, 12/26/03)
2003        Dec 25, Guinea's ailing President Lansana Conte was declared the victor in presidential elections boycotted by the opposition, securing a landslide victory with over 95 percent of the vote, according to provisional results.
    (AP, 12/25/03)
2003        Dec 25, In Iraq leaders of Sunni Muslim groups agreed to form a State Council for the Sunnis in order to speak with a unified voice during the transition to Iraqi governance.
    (SFC, 12/26/03, p.A9)
2003        Dec 25, Israeli troops shot and killed a Palestinian man carrying explosives toward a Jewish settlement in Gaza.
    (AP, 12/25/03)
2003        Dec 25, Israeli helicopter gunships killed a senior Islamic militant and at least four other people in a missile strike on a car in Gaza City.
    (Reuters, 12/25/03)
2003        Dec 25, A suicide bombing killed four Israelis near a bus stop outside Tel Aviv. The victims were identified as 3 soldiers and a 17-year-old Israeli girl. At least 13 other people were wounded. The PFLP identified the bomber as Said Hanani (18) from the village of Beit Furik.
    (AP, 12/26/03)(SFC, 12/26/03, p.A1)
2003        Dec 25, In Pakistan bombers set off 2 massive blasts near Pres. Pervez Musharraf's motorcade, killing 15 people in the 2nd assassination attempt against Musharraf in 11 days. The president was unhurt, but at least 46 other people were wounded.
    (AP, 12/25/03)(SFC, 12/26/03, p.A1)

2003        Dec 26, An avalanche in Provo Canyon, Utah, left 3 snowboarders dead.
    (SFC, 12/27/03, p.A5)
2003        Dec 26, In northern China a fire raced through coal mine in Wu'an, a city in Hebei province, killing 26 miners.
    (AP, 12/27/03)
2003        Dec 26, A 6.6 earthquake devastated the southeastern Iranian city of Bam, 630 miles southeast of the capital Tehran. It leveled more than half the city's houses and its historic mud-brick fortress. Some 31,000 people were killed and over 10,000 injured. Iran appealed for international help and promised to waive visas for foreign relief workers.
    (AP, 12/27/03)(SFC, 12/30/03, p.A3)(AP, 1/2/04)(AP, 12/26/04)(AFP, 8/12/12)
2003        Dec 26, In Iraq an American soldier died in a rebel ambush and two others were killed in bomb explosions.
    (AP, 12/26/03)
2003        Dec 26, Hamas, the Islamic group responsible for most suicide bombings in three years of violence, called off attacks inside Israel. In response, Israel will hold off targeting Hamas leaders but will still go after other Palestinian militants.
    (AP, 12/27/03)
2003        Dec 26, Kelvin Stark, a new Zealand pilot, was killed while flying a new PAC 750XL airplane to California. The 17-passenger plane was billed as the 1st passenger aircraft built in New Zealand and was specially designed for skydiving.
    (SFC, 12/27/03, p.A15)

2003        Dec 27, In Afghanistan suspected al Qaeda fighters ambushed Afghan security forces near the Pakistani border. A senior Afghan intelligence official was killed along with 6 attackers.
    (SSFC, 12/28/03, p.A14)
2003        Dec 27, Alan Bates (69), British stage and film actor, died. His films included "Zorba the Greek" and "Georgy Girl."
    (SFC, 12/29/03, p.A12)
2003        Dec 27, China announced its first suspected SARS case since July.
    (AP, 12/27/03)
2003        Dec 27, An Indonesian army tank accidentally ran over a public minibus on Java island, killing 18 people and injuring at least five.
    (AP, 12/27/03)
2003        Dec 27, Governments around the world rushed medical experts, rescue teams, water-purification systems and tea to the earthquake-ravaged Iranian city of Bam.
    (AP, 12/27/03)
2003        Dec 27, In Iraq insurgents launched 3 coordinated attacks in the southern city of Karbala, killing 13 people, including six Iraqi police officers, 2 Thai soldiers and 5 Bulgarians.
    (AP, 12/28/03)(SSFC, 12/28/03, p.A3)(WSJ, 12/29/03, p.A1)(AP, 12/27/04)
2003        Dec 27, Israeli troop staged a huge raid in Nablus that left a Palestinian teenager dead and 17 others wounded.
    (SSFC, 12/28/03, p.A18)
2003        Dec 27, Juan Garcia Ponce (71), a renowned Mexican art critic, translator and prize-winning novelist, died. Ponce was born in Merida, the capital of Yucatan state, on Sept. 22, 1932. The author of at least 50 books, Ponce wrote novels, plays, screenplays and essays and was considered a master of erotic literature.
    (AP, 12/28/03)(SFC, 12/29/03, p.A12)
2003        Dec 27, Russia removed all Soviet-built anti-aircraft missiles from its vast arms depots in a Moldova province to prevent them from falling into the hands of terrorists. The missiles were flown from Transdniestria Province to Moscow.
    (AP, 12/29/03)

2003        Dec 28, A motorhome carrying 10 people went off I-15 near SLC, Utah, and 5 people were killed including 4 children.
    (SFC, 12/29/03, p.A3)
2003        Dec 28, Five Afghan security officials were killed in Kabul when a suicide bomber they had detained blew himself up.
    (Reuters, 12/28/03)
2003        Dec 28, Guatemala's presidential polls opened in a runoff featuring a former Guatemala City mayor popular with the country's elite facing an engineer backed by former leftist rebels.
    (AP, 12/28/03)
2003        Dec 28, A roadside bomb killed an American soldier and two Iraqi children in Baghdad.
    (AP, 12/28/03)
2003        Dec 28, A team led by U.N. nuclear chief Mohammed ElBaradei toured 4 atomic facilities in Libya and found dismantled equipment. ElBaradei said Libya appeared to reach only an experimental level in its attempts to enrich uranium, essential for a nuclear bomb.
    (AP, 12/29/04)
2003        Dec 28, In Serbia parliamentary elections Slobodan Milosevic and Vojislav Seselj, along as well as 2 others indicted for war crimes, contended for seats.
    (SSFC, 12/28/03, p.A18)

2003        Dec 29, The Bush administration said it will require international air carriers in certain cases to place armed law enforcement officers on cargo and passenger flights to, from and over the United States.
    (AP, 12/30/03)
2003        Dec 29, Paul Goldman, a native of Uzbekistan, stabbed and killed Faina Zonis in the Philadelphia suburb of Bensalem. Goldman soon fled the country. Police found his parents dead by suicide on Jan 13. Goldman was captured in France on Jan 20, 2004. Zonis committed suicide Apr 11, 2004.
    (SFC, 1/17/04, p.A4)(SFC, 1/21/04, p.A3)(AP, 4/13/04)
2003        Dec 29, Actor Earl Hindman (61), who'd played the mostly unseen neighbor Wilson on "Home Improvement," died in Stamford, Conn.
    (AP, 12/29/04)
2003        Dec 29, In Burundi gunmen killed Monsignor Michael Courtney, the pope's ambassador, firing on his car as he was returning from a funeral.
    (AP, 12/29/03)
2003        Dec 29, China reported that the China State Shipbuilding Corp. has broken ground on what it says will be the world's biggest shipyard, a high-tech facility capable of producing cruise ships and natural gas tankers at the mouth of the Yangtze.
    (AP, 12/29/03)
2003        Dec 29, The roof of a centuries-old Ethiopian church carved out of rock collapsed while it was packed with worshippers, killing at least 15 people. The 800-year-old Mewa Tsadkan Gabriel church was in a remote area some 310 miles northeast of the capital, Addis Ababa. It was built by King Lalibela, who ruled there from the late 12th century to the early 13th century.
    (AP, 1/3/04)
2003        Dec 29, The Indonesian Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK) was established based on the Law No. 30 of 2002.
    (www.icac.org.hk/newsl/issue22eng/button3.htm)
2003        Dec 29, Rebels lobbed a grenade and fired on U.S. soldiers searching homes for insurgents in the northern city of Mosul, triggering a firefight that left three Iraqis dead and two U.S. soldiers wounded.
    (AP, 12/29/03)
2003        Dec 29, Japan pledged to forgive "the vast majority" of its Iraqi debt if other Paris Club nations do the same. China later said it would consider the idea.
    (AP, 12/29/03)
2003        Dec 29, Oscar Berger, the pro-business former mayor of Guatemala City won an easy victory in the presidential run-off, four years after he left politics and swore he would never come back. Berger won 54% vs. 46% for Alvaro Colom.
    (AP, 12/29/03)(Econ, 1/3/04, p.24)
2003        Dec 29, Poland and Israel signed a deal worth some $350 million over the next 10 years to provide the Polish army with some 2,700 state-of-the-art Israeli anti-tank missiles.
    (AP, 12/29/03)
2003        Dec 29, In Portugal 9 men and one woman were charged with sexually abusing minors and adolescents, rape and organizing a pedophile ring at the state-run Casa Pia home. Among those indicted were 2 popular television personalities, a lawmaker and a retired ambassador.
    (AP, 12/30/03)
2003        Dec 29, It was reported that some 4,400 issues of the book entitled "FSB blows up Russia" and authored by former FSB agent Alexander Litvinenko, now exiled in Britain, were confiscated en route from the western city of Pskov to Moscow. Litvinenko, a former lieutenant colonel, charged the FSB with involvement in the bombings on September 9 and 13, 1999 which destroyed two buildings in Moscow, killing more than 200 people.
    (AP, 12/30/03)
2003        Dec 29, In Serbia Vojislav Seselj's Radical Party won weekend elections with 27% of the vote. Nationalists won 82 seats but would have to negotiate with more moderate parties to form a government. The Socialist Party led by Slobodan Milosevic won 22 seats.
    (WSJ, 12/29/03, p.A1)(SFC, 12/30/03, p.A10)(Econ, 1/3/04, p.35)
2003        Dec 29,  Jaime de Pinies, a longtime Spanish diplomat who served as president of the United Nations General Assembly (1985), died in Madrid.
    (AP, 12/31/03)

2003        Dec 30, The Bush administration banned the use of meat from all sick or lame animals.
    (SFC, 12/31/03, p.A1)
2003        Dec 30, The US FDA banned the dietary supplement ephedra. Some 16,000 adverse reactions had been reported along with 155 deaths.
    (WSJ, 12/30/03, p.A1)(SFC, 12/31/03, p.A1)
2003        Dec 30, The Pentagon said it will end an arrangement with Halliburton to import fuel into Iraq due to recent government audits.
    (SFC, 12/31/03, p.A9)
2003        Dec 30, FedEx agreed to acquire Kinko's for $2.2 billion.
    (WSJ, 12/31/03, p.A3)
2003        Dec 30, John Gregory Dunne (b.1932), author, screenwriter and husband of Joan Didion, died in NYC at age 71. His novels included "True Confessions" (1977).
    (SFC, 1/1/04, p.A23)(SFC, 1/2/04, p.D1)
2003        Dec 30, In Cambodia former Khmer Rouge head of state Khieu Samphan (72) acknowledged for the first time that his regime committed genocide.
    (AP, 12/30/03)
2003        Dec 30, In northeast China an explosion at a fireworks factory in Tieling, Liaoning province, killed at least 29 people. Authorities soon ordered more than 2,000 fireworks factories closed after a series of fatal explosions "sounded warning bells for the industry."
    (AP, 12/30/03)(AP, 1/3/04)
2003        Dec 30, In northern Colombia leftist rebels attacked Pozo Azul, a village in Bolivar state controlled by right-wing paramilitaries, killed 39 militia fighters and a villager.
    (AP, 12/31/03)
2003        Dec 30, Haiti police hurled tear gas and fired warning shots in Port-au-Prince to break up a protest by thousands of government opponents, wounding at least two people.
    (AP, 12/31/03)
2003        Dec 30, Anita Mui (40), Canto pop diva and film actress, died in Hong Kong of cervical cancer.
    (SFC, 1/1/04, p.A23)(SFC, 1/10/04, p.D3)
2003        Dec 30, At least 34 Indian soldiers were wounded in Kashmir when militants detonated a bomb in a shop as the bus carrying the troops passed by.
    (Reuters, 12/30/03)
2003        Dec 30, Miriam Naveira was sworn in as the new chief justice of Puerto Rico's Supreme Court, making her the first woman to hold the post.
    (AP, 12/30/03)
2003        Dec 30, The Russian Tax Ministry slapped a $3.3 billion bill for back taxes, fines and other penalties on the oil giant Yukos.
    (SFC, 12/31/03, p.B6)
2003        Dec 30, Ukraine's Constitutional Court ruled that President Leonid Kuchma can run for a third five-year term next year.
    (AP, 12/30/03)

2003        Dec 31, Neal Batson ended his tenure as bankruptcy examiner of Enron. The 18-month probe had a final tab of $90 million. It included lawyer rates of as much as $600 an hour.
    (WSJ, 3/18/04, p.C1)
2003        Dec 31, Chicago  regained the title of America's murder capital. It finished 2003 with 599 homicides. That was down from 648 a year earlier and the first time since 1967 that the total dipped below 600. Gary, Ind., appeared to finish 2003 with the nation's highest per capita homicide rate for the ninth straight year.
    (AP, 1/1/04)
2003        Dec 31, The JenniCam website, begun by Jennifer Ringley in 1996, shut down. 7 years earlier she installed a Web camera in her Pennsylvania college dorm room and kept it on for 24 hours a day recording every detail of her life.
    (SFC, 12/12/03, p.B4)
2003        Dec 31, China offered to allow Taiwan to fly unlimited numbers of direct charter flights to the mainland in 2004, if the island's government agrees to allow Chinese airlines to do the same the following year.
    (AP, 12/31/03)
2003        Dec 31, In Indonesia a bomb tore through a crowded New Year's concert in Aceh province, killing 10 people, including three children. 45 were wounded.
    (AP, 1/1/04)
2003        Dec 31, In Iraq gunfire erupted in Kirkuk as hundreds of Arabs and Turkmen marched in protest over fears of Kurdish domination in the oil-rich northern city.
    (AP, 12/31/03)(WSJ, 1/2/04, p.A1)
2003        Dec 31, A New Year's Eve car bombing at the upscale Nabil restaurant in Baghdad killed 8 people and injured 35.
    (AP, 1/1/04)(SFC, 1/1/04, p.A1)
2003        Dec 31, Security forces boarded a bus in Macedonia and snatched a German citizen named Khaled el-Masri (b.1963). For the next five months, el-Masri was a ghost. Only a select group of CIA officers knew he had been whisked to a secret prison for interrogation in Afghanistan. He was the wrong guy. El-Masri was dumped in Albania in a remote hillside on May 28, 2004, without explanation or apology. Five months later Germany withdrew warrants for the arrest of 13 CIA agents. In 2012 el-Masri took his case to Europe’s human rights court.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Khalid_El-Masri)(AP, 2/9/11)(SSFC, 3/6/11, p.F6)(SFC, 5/17/12, p.A4)
2003        Dec 31, An avalanche swept down Mount Tasman, one of New Zealand's tallest peaks, killing four climbers and injuring two others.
    (AP, 12/31/03)
2003        Dec 31, In the Philippines a fire sparked by firecrackers swept through an old market in Lucena City, killing at least 14 people who were trapped inside their stalls.
    (AP, 12/31/03)
2003        Dec 31, Vietnam sentenced Nguyen Vu Binh (35) to 7 years in jai and 3 years house arrest for writing an article in 2002 that circulated on the Internet criticizing a border agreement between Vietnam and China.
    (SFC, 12/31/03, p.A3)

2003        Dec, Pres. Bush signed the National Nanotechnology Initiative into law. The current market value of the industry was about $1 billion.
    (Econ, 1/17/04, p.52)
2003        Dec,  The US signed the U.N. Convention Against Corruption, which requires countries to cooperate in investigations and return funds to the countries where they were stolen.
    (AP, 1/12/04)
2003        Dec, Dennis Montgomery, a California computer programmer, reported that hidden in the crawl bars broadcast by Al Jazeera, someone had planted information about specific American-bound flights from Britain, France and Mexico that were hijacking targets. CIA officials rushed the information to Pres. Bush, who ordered those flights to be turned around or grounded before they could enter American airspace. Montgomery had patented computer codes that he claimed could find terrorist plots hidden in broadcasts of Al Jazeera. His codes were later believed to be fake. In 2011 Montgomery faced charges of trying to pass $1.8 million in bad checks at Las Vegas casinos.
    (SSFC, 2/20/11, p.A8)(http://tinyurl.com/5rur55y)
2003        Dec, George B. Kaiser, head of Kaiser-Francis Oil, took over the LNG business of El Paso Oil. This included the Energy Bridge technology for pumping natural gas from new, specially-built  off-shore vessels.
    (WSJ, 7/23/04, p.A1)
2003        Dec, Angola's ruling party chose Pres. Jose Eduardo dos Santos as its candidate for the next general election.
    (Econ, 12/13/03, p.8)
2003        Dec, The 40-story London building at 30 St. Mary Axe, designed by Norman Foster, opened. Its peculiar shaped was frequently compared to a gherkin.
    (WSJ, 7/13/04, p.D8)(Econ, 12/4/04, TQ p.17)
2003        Dec, In Burundi the Forces for the Defense of Democracy (FDD), the biggest Hutu rebel group, joined Burundi's transitional government. FNL rebels under Agathon Rwasa (39) continued to lob mortar shells into Bujumbura.
    (Econ, 12/6/03, p.41)
2003        Dec, Jane Fonda traveled to Guatemala to attract media attention to the cases of over 700 women slain since 2001. Legal investigations had only produced 32 arrests and 11 convictions.
    (SFC, 12/30/03, p.E1)
2003        Dec, In Ozersk, Russia, a concrete facility for storing nuclear material was completed with more than $400 million in US funds. Loading it was expected to begin in 2006.
    (WSJ, 9/26/05, p.A1)
2003        Dec, WHO and UNAIDS announced an initiative to get 3 million HIV-positive people in poor and middle-income countries onto anti-retroviral drugs by the end of 2005. The initiative failed to reach half its goal.
    (Econ, 4/1/06, p.64)
2003        Dec, Uruguay voters agreed 60-35% to keep a state monopoly over the oil industry.
    (Econ, 12/13/03, p.8)

2003        Yale professors Ian Ayres and Barry Nalebuff authored "Why Not," a how to guide for inventors and other professors, (www.whynot.net).
    (Econ, 10/25/03, p.)

2003        Raymond William Baker authored “Islam Without Fear: Egypt and the New Islamists."
    (SFC, 7/10/04, p.A11)

2003        Bruce Berkowitz authored "The New Face of War: How War Will Be Fought in the 21st Century."
    (WSJ, 3/21/03, p.W1)

2003        Paul Berman authored "Terror and Liberalism," an examination of their historical relations. "The very idea of evil or mass unreason was terrifying to the liberals, implying among other things that, war might be required to resist it."
    (WSJ, 4/8/03, p.D4)

2003        Sally Bowen, a 15-year Lima resident, and Jane Holligan co-authored "The Imperfect Spy: The Many Lives of Vladimiro Montesinos," about Peru's now-imprisoned former intelligence chief. The book cited an imprisoned drug runner, a former informant for the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration, as saying that Fernando Zevallos, founder of Aero Continente airlines, was a leading Peruvian drug trafficker. In 2004 Zevallos filed a civil suit against Bowen, Holligan and the publisher.
    (AP, 5/22/04)

2003        Todd Boyd, Univ. S. Cal. professor, authored "The New H.N.I.C. – The Death of Civil Rights and the Reign of Hip Hop. HNIC stands for "head niggas in charge."
    (SSFC, 2/2/03, p.M6)

2003        Dan Brown authored the best-seller thriller novel "The Da Vinci Code." The story held that Jesus was married to Mary Magdalene and fathered a daughter; that the Bible was put together by a 4th century emperor with a thing against women; and that the Catholic Church is a criminal conspiracy.
    (SFC, 8/30/03, p.D1)(Econ, 5/20/06, p.34)

2003        Jay Burreson and Penny Le Couter authored ""Napoleon's Buttons: How 17 Molecules Changed History."
    (SSFC, 6/8/03, p.M2)

2003        Former Pres. Jimmy Carter authored his novel "The Hornet's Nest," set in Georgia and the Carolinas during the US war for independence.
    (WSJ, 11/7/03, p.W9)

2003        Jefferson Chase translated "The Culture of Defeat: On National Trauma, Mourning and Recovery" by Wolfgang Schivelbusch. His thesis is that the response of vanquished nations to the experience of defeat "conforms to a recognizable set of patterns or archetypes that recur across time and national boundaries."
    (SSFC, 4/20/03, p.M1)

2003        Noam Chomsky authored “Hegemony of Survival: America’s Quest for Global Dominance." In 2006 it became a best seller after Venezuela’s Pres. Hugo Chavez urged Americans to read it.
    (SFC, 9/23/06, p.A2)

2003        Gen. Wesley Clark authored "Winning Modern Wars."
    (WSJ, 10/17/03, p.W6)

2003        Robert Dallek authored "An Unfinished Life," an 815-page political portrait of JFK.
    (WSJ, 5/13/03, p.D5)

2003        Midge Decter authored  "Rumsfeld," a biography of the US Secretary of Defense Donald H. Rumsfeld.
    (WSJ, 10/14/03, p.D10)

2003        Richard Duncan authored “The Dollar Crises."
    (Econ, 1/16/10, p.73)

2003        Rachel Ehrenfeld authored “Funding Evil: How Terrorism is Financed and How to Stop It." The book sold 23 copies in Britain, over the Internet. She later lost a libel case concerning the book brought in the English High Court of Justice by Saudi businessman Khalid bin Mahfouz, who was awarded ₤100,000 ($160,000).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Funding_Evil)(Econ, 1/2/10, p.42)

2003        Oxford Univ. published the 1st volume of its series “The Seven Deadly Sins." Joseph Epstein led with “Envy." Wendy Wasserstein later followed with “Sloth," Robert Thurman with “Anger," Simon Blackburn with “Lust," Francine Prose with “Gluttony," Phyllis A. Tickle with “Greed," and Michael Eric Dyson with “Pride."
    (WSJ, 2/4/06, p.P8)

2003        Robert Fatton Jr. authored "Haiti's Predatory Republic: The Unending Transition to Democracy."
    (WSJ, 4/11/03, p.A11)

2003        Neil Fiske and Michael Silverstein authored “Trading Up: The New American Luxury."
    (Econ, 5/30/09, SR p.4)

2003        Al Franken authored “Lies and the Lying Liars Who Tell Them: A Fair and Balanced Look at the Right.
    (Econ, 1/3/04, p.59)

2003        The purported memoir “A Million Little Pieces" by James Frey was published. In 2005 it was endorsed by Oprah Winfrey and became a best seller. In 2006 Frey acknowledged that much of the book was falsified.
    (SFC, 1/27/06, p.A2)

2003        Robert W. Fuller authored "Somebodies and Nobodies: Overcoming the Abuse of Rank," in which he examined the abuse of power due to "rankism."
    (SSFC, 4/6/03, p.M6)

2003        Dr. James Gee of the Univ. of Wisconsin authored “What Video Games Have to Teach Us About learning and Literacy."
    (Econ, 9/5/09, p.86)

2003        Dore Gold authored "Hatred's Kingdom: How Saudi Arabia Supports the New Global Terrorism."
    (WSJ, 3/27/03, p.D7)

2003        Evan Gottlesman authored "Cambodia: After the Khmer Rouge."
    (WSJ, 4/25/03, W6)

2003        Molly Ivins and Lou Dubose authored “Bushwhacked: Life in George W. Bush’s America."
    (Econ, 1/3/04, p.59)

2003        Tracy Kidder (b.1945) authored “Mountains Beyond Mountains: The Quest of Dr Paul Farmer, A Man Who Would Cure The World" the story of Dr. Farmer (b.1959) and the health clinic Farmer founded in Haiti in 1987.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Farmer)(SFC, 2/8/08, p.E1)

2003        David Kushner authored "Masters of Doom," an account of how John Carmack and John Romero created the computer games "Doom" and "Quake."
    (WSJ, 5/6/03, p.D5)

2003        Jackson Lears authored "Something for Nothing," a view of history as a conflict between a "culture of chance" and a "culture of control."
    (WSJ, 1/28/03, p.D6)

2003        Micheline Maynard authored "The End of Detroit: How the Big Three Lost Their Grip on the American Car market."
    (Econ, 10/11/03, p.82)

2003        John Micklethwaite and Adrian Woolridge authored "The Company: A short History of a Revolutionary Idea." It was a short history of corporations.
    (WSJ, 5/7/03, p.D10)

2003        Madhusree Mukerjee, Indian author, authored "The Land of the Naked People: Encounters With Stone Age Islanders," a travel narrative of the Andaman Islands.
    (SSFC, 8/17/03, p.M3)

2003        Walter K. Olson authored "The Rule of Lawyers," a chronology of class-action abuses.
    (WSJ, 1/21/03, p.D6)

2003        Ricardo Orizio, Italian journalist, authored "Talk of the Devil: Encounters With Seven Dictators." The dictators included Idi Amin (Uganda), Jean-Claude Duvalier (Haiti), Jean-Bedel Bokassa (CAR), Mengistu Haile-Mariam (Ethiopia), the widow of Enver Hoxha (Albania), Wojciech Jaruzelski (Poland), and Mira Markovic, the wife of Slobodan Milosevic (Serbia).
    (SSFC, 5/4/03, p.M2)

2003        Mark Palmer authored "Breaking the Real Axis of Evil: How to Oust the World's Last Dictators by 2025."
    (WSJ, 12/16/03, p.D10)

2003        DBC Pierre won the 2003 Booker Prize for his novel "Vernon God Little."
    (SSFC, 10/26/03, p.M3)

2003        Anna Politkovskaya authored “A Small Corner of Hell: Dispatches from Chechnya."
    (Econ, 10/4/03, p.80)

2003        San Diego Prof. Msgr. John R. Portman edited “In Defense of Sin," a volume extolling the virtues of sinfulness. In 2007 Prof. Portman authored “:A History of Sin: How Evil Changes, But Never Goes Away."
    (www.wpr.org/BOOK/020324b.html)

2003        Sir Martin Rees, British astronomer, authored "Our Final Hour," in which he considered restricting specific types of research to prevent irrational uses of new technology.
    (SFC, 4/14/03, p.A6)

2003        Anthony Sattin authored "The Gates of Africa: Death, Discovery and the Search for Timbuktu.
    (Econ, 12/20/03, p.126)

2003        Jonathan Schell authored "The Unconquerable World: Power, Nonviolence and the Will of the People." He proposed a 4-point prescription for world peace that included a) abolishing all weapons of mass destruction; b) redefining ideas of sovereignty; c) stopping crimes against humanity; d) a league of democratic countries.
    (SSFC, 5/11/03, p.M3)

203        Robert Sidney (1909-2008), choreographer, authored “With Malice Towards Some: Tales From a Life Dancing With Stars."
    (SFC, 4/2/08, p.B9)

2003        Steven Strogatz authored "Sync: The Emerging Science of Spontaneous Order," in which he argued that the universe is an orderly place marked by harmony and cooperation.
    (NW, 3/17/03, p.49)

2003        Gordon Sumner, better known as Sting, authored "Broken Music: A Memoir."
    (Econ, 12/13/03, p.83)

2003        Don Tapscott and David Ticoll authored “The Naked Corporation."
    (http://tinyurl.com/4dbu4e8)(Econ, 2/26/11, p.77)

2003        Mike Tidwell authored "Bayou Farewell: The Rich Life and Tragic Death of Louisiana's Cajun Coast."
    (SSFC, 3/30/03, p.M4)

2003        Lester Thurow authored "Fortune Favors the Bold: What We Must Do to Build a New and Lasting Global Prosperity."
    (SSFC, 11/30/03, p.M2)

2003        William T. Vollman (45) published his 3,352-page, 7-volume treatise on violence: "Rising Up and Rising Down."
    (SFC, 11/28/03, p.I1)

2003        David Foster Wallace authored "Everything and More: A Compact History of infinity."
    (SFC, 11/18/03, p.D1)

2003        Michael Watkins, management professor at INSEAD, authored “The First 90 Days: Critical Success Strategies for New Leaders at All Levels."
    (Econ, 7/15/06, p.65)

2003        Simon Winchester authored "The Meaning of Everything."
    (WSJ, 10/10/03, p.W12)

2003        James Wood authored the novel "The Book Against God."
    (SSFC, 6/15/03, p.M3)

2003        In Idaho a development plan for Tamarack Resort, a ski village in Donelly, was approved with support from the governor. Lifts opened in 2004, but in 2007 construction stopped as investor’s pulled back under a credit crunch.
    (WSJ, 7/7/08, p.A3)

2003        The internet site “Dropping Knowledge" was founded in the summer by film director Ralf Schmerberg, film producer Cindy Gantz, and Jackie Wallace, trustee of the Wallace Global Fund.
    (http://tinyurl.com/n66xm)

2003        Triple Canopy, a private military contractor, was founded.
    (Econ, 11/23/13, p.65)

2003        A CIA report said that the Al-Rajhi Bank in Saudi Arabia had served as a conduit for terrorist transactions since at least the mid-1990s.
    (WSJ, 1/26/07, p.A10)
2003        The US CIA paid $15 million to Polish intelligence or use of a secret prison site, handing over the cash in two cardboard boxes. This only became public in 2014 when the Washington Post cited former CIA officers regarding the ‘black site."
    (AP, 1/24/14)

2003        James Giffen, a US oil consultant, was indicted in the US under the 1977 Foreign Corrupt Practices Act. He was charged with accepting bribes from US companies to gain access to Kazakhstan’s Tengiz oil field. Giffen claimed he was working as a US intelligence asset.
    (WSJ, 5/12/08, p.A6)

2003        Martin Grass, former CEO of Rite Aid, pleaded guilty to fraud and agreed to cooperate with the prosecution of former colleagues. He was later sentenced to 8 years in prison.
    (Econ, 6/12/04, p.59)

2003        Street Sense, a Washington DC newspaper for the homeless, was founded by Ted Henson (23) and Laura Thompson Osuri (26). It followed the general business plane of the North American Street Newspaper Association, a trade group focused on homelessness.
    (WSJ, 6/30/06, p.A1)

2003        The POW/MIA Accounting group, tasked with accounting for US war veterans, was formed. Headquarters was established at Hickam Air Force Base in Oahu, Hawaii.
    (SFC, 10/21/05, p.B10)

2003        The US Census Bureau recognized micropolitan areas as locales with at least one town and 10-50 thousand people. 567 micropolises were identified in the continental US.
    (WSJ, 6/3/04, p.A1)

2003        The US Library of Congress bought one of the world's rarest maps, the Waldseemuller world map (1507), which was the first to name "America," for $10 million.
    (AP, 1/12/10)

2003        The US prison population grew this year 2.9% to almost 2.1 million. 1 of every 75 men living in the US were in jail. Americans under the control of the criminal justice system grew by 130,700 to a new high of nearly 6.9 million, or 3.2% of the adult population.
    (WSJ, 5/28/04, p.A1)(SFC, 7/26/04, p.A2)

2003        San Francisco voters authorized $15 million in bonds to renovate the 3-story High School of Commerce at 135 Van Ness and establish it as the new location of the Ruth Asawa School of the Arts.
    (SFC, 10/16/13, p.D1)
2003        SF raised cable car prices to $3.00.
    (SFC, 3/2/05, p.B7)
2003        In San Francisco a 40-story, $182 million, luxury hotel and condominium at 3rd and Mission was scheduled to be completed.
    (SFC, 5/26/99, p.A18)
2003        In San Francisco the $400 million, 1.58 million-sq.-foot Bloomingdale development of the former Emporium was scheduled to be finished.
    (SFC, 1/15/01, p.A21)
2003        In San Francisco the Third St. light-rail surface line was scheduled to open. It would connect to a downtown subway that would take another decade to fund and build.
    (SFC, 6/12/97, p.A17)
2003        In California an Alameda Superior Court ruled that Visa and MasterCard must refund $800 million in hidden foreign-exchange fees. In 2005 a California Court of Appeal reversed the decision because the lead plaintiff never had a Visa or MasterCard.
    (SFC, 9/29/05, p.C3)

2003        The Florida Clean Air Act became part of the state constitution. It prohibited smoking in virtually all indoor public areas.
    (WSJ, 1/27/04, p.D12)

2003        Iowa introduced its Help Us Stop Hunger (HUSH) program. It urged hunters to donate surplus venison to local food banks.
    (WSJ, 11/20/06, p.A1)
2003        Ted Townsend, an Iowa meat-packing tycoon, gave $3,000 in campaign contributions to Republican Senator Chuck Grassley. In 2004 Grassley secured a $50 million from the federal budget for an indoor rainforest promoted by Townsend.
    (Econ, 1/28/06, p.29)

2003        Louisville, Ky., merged with surrounding Jefferson County. Louisville Mayor Jerry Abramson won the top job for “Louisville Metro."
    (Econ, 3/8/08, p.38)

2003        The Montana Human Rights Network acquired more than 4,000 of white supremacist books from a defecting member of The Creativity Movement’s state chapter that had been located in Superior, Montana. The Network partnered with the Holter Museum of Art to create Speaking Volumes, whereby artists transformed the hate literature into pieces that stimulate community dialogue about the dangers of bigotry.
    (www.mhrn.org/publications/specialresearchreports/SonesGoffbriefing.pdf)

2003        MIT introduced the Int’l. Genetically Engineered Machine (iGEM) competition.
    (Econ, 9/5/09, TQ p.30)

2003        Texas Gov. Rick Perry signed tort reform legislation, which capped non-economic damages in medical lawsuits.
    (Econ, 8/13/11, p.28)
2003        The Texas Enterprise Fund (TEF) was created during the 78th legislative session in response to Governor Rick Perry's request in his 2003 State of the State address for a special development fund of $390 million to help attract new jobs and investment to the state.
    (Econ, 8/20/11, p.28)(http://tinyurl.com/c2dsq4)
2003        A report from Texas A&M Univ. showed that ionization fire detectors (smoke alarms) take 15 minutes longer or more than photoelectric fire detectors to detect smoldering fires. About 90% of US homes at this time contained the ionization type, which were about $5 cheaper than the photoelectric type.
    (SSFC, 8/15/10, p.A12)

2003        In the US the ratio of executive pay to that of the average worker stood at 301 to 1.
    (Econ, 11/26/05, p.75)

2003        Bill Sagan, a Minneapolis entrepreneur, spent over $5 million to buy rock ‘n’ roll memorabilia from the archives of Bill Graham Presents. The collection was later found to contain audio and video recordings from 1966-1999.
    (WSJ, 12/13/05, p.B1)

2003        Russell Simmons, known as the “godfather of hip-hop," launched his Rush Visa charge card to provide America’s estimated 60m-70m unbanked consumers with a cheaper alternative to payday check cashers. Simmons made his first fortune as the founder of Manhattan-based Def Jam records. In 2004 he sold his Phat Farm “urban apparel" business for 140 million.
    (Econ, 10/18/08, p.78)

2003        Bethlehem Steel liquidated and its assets were purchased by the Int'l. Steel Group.
    (WSJ, 5/12/03, p.A6)

2003        Paul Allen, co-founder of Microsoft Corp., established the Allen Institute for Brain Science in Seattle, Wa., with a $100 million gift.
    (SFC, 9/27/06, p.A9)

2003        Mickey Drexler stepped in a CEO of J. Crew Group Inc., a clothing retailer, and proceded to put in $10 million of his own money into the company. In 2010 Drexler (66) agreed to a $3 billion takeover by TPG Capital and Leanard Green & Partners.
    (SFC, 11/26/10, p.C2)

2003        Google bought Blogger, a web service created by Evan Williams, that allowed anybody to create a blog with a few clicks. Williams went on to create Twitter, a service that allows users to send short messages in response to the question: What are you doing."
    (Econ, 12/22/07, p.110)

2003        AOL spun off Mozilla.org with a $2 million cash cushion. Ms. Mitchell Baker, former Netscape attorney, turned Mozilla, creator of the Firefox web browser, into a non-profit foundation.
    (Econ, 12/17/05, p.64)(SFC, 1/28/08, p.E2)

2003        Matt Mullenweg founded WordPress, an internet blogging tool, as a college student in Houston. It grew to become a backbone for many of the Web’s most popular sites.
    (SFC, 7/26/13, p.C1)

2003        Philip Rosedale of Linden Lab (f.1999) created SecondLife, a metaphysical universe, on the Internet. The company sold virtual property and made money when residents leased property by charging an average of $20 per virtual “acre" per month. In 2008 Wagner James Au authored "The making of Second Life."
    (Econ, 4/22/06, Survey p.16)(http://lindenlab.com/)(Econ, 9/30/06, p.78)(WSJ, 3/12/08, p.D8)
2003        MySpace.com, an Internet social networking website, was founded. By 2006 it was the 4th biggest site on the Web. In 2009 Julia Angwin authored “Stealing Myspace: The Battle to Control the Most Popular Website in America."
    (SFC, 3/10/06, p.A16)(SSFC, 3/29/09, Books p.J1)
2003        Shutterstock, a marketplace for stock photos, was founded by programmer Jon Oringer. He had previously sold software to block pop-up ads. The company went public in 2012 with a market cap of ~$3 billion.
    (Econ, 3/15/14, p.64)

2003        The Int’l. Civil Aviation Association (ICOA) issued technical specifications for passports to contain an integrated circuit to be activated by a radio signal to broadcast stored data.
    (Econ, 2/19/05, p.75)

2003        The Methuselah Mouse Prize was created offering cash to teams that breed longer living rodents.
    (Econ, 5/16/15, p.72)

2003        Scientists at the Univ. of Texas found a way to spin nanotubes into fibers to make the world’s toughest polymer.
    (Econ, 1/1/05, Survey p.5)

2003        The ViroChip, invented by Dr. Joseph DeRisi (33) of UC San Francisco, gained attention when it spotted the virus that causes the epidemic form of pneumonia called SARS.
    (SFC, 9/10/08, p.B4)

2003        Near-field communications (NFC) was finalized as an industry standard. The wireless technology operated over very short ranges measured in centimeters.
    (Econ, 12/10/05, TQ p.22)

2003        Arkansas Republican Governor Mike Huckabee was diagnosed with type-2 diabetes. He proceeded to loose 105 pounds and made improving public health a priority of his last 2 years in office.
    (Econ, 2/17/07, p.37)

2003        Oklahoma and Arkansas made an agreement on phosphorus levels. Toxic run-off from poultry houses in Arkansas was entering the Illinois river watershed, which supplied water to eastern Oklahoma. In 2005 Oklahoma filed suit against Arkansas for various violations related to high phosphorus levels.
    (Econ, 7/16/05, p.30)

2003        The first cold cathode fluorescent lamps (CCFLs) debuted about this time.
    (SSFC, 7/25/10, p.L5)

2003        The global catch of tuna peaked at 4.3 million tons. It had risen steadily from 200,000 tons in the early 1950s.
    (Econ, 1/27/07, p.42)

2003        Jeff Bezos (39), founder of Amazon.com, began buying property east of El Paso, Texas, for Blue Origin LLC, his commercial space venture. By 2006 he had acquired 290,000 acres. Commercial operations were planned to start in 2010.
    (WSJ, 11/10/06, p.A1)

2003        The population of Massachusetts this year was about 6.4 million.
    (Econ, 6/28/03, p.32)
2003        The population of Vermont at this time was about 610,000.
    (Econ, 6/28/03, p.32)

2003        Deaths from cancer in the US dropped this year to 556,902 from 557,271 in 2002.
    (WSJ, 2/9/06, p.D3)

2003        Abu Dhabi launched its Etihad airline by royal decree. In 2004 it made an $8 billion order for new airplanes.
    (Econ, 6/5/10, p.76)

2003        Afghanistan's opium farmers and traffickers earned $2.3 billion, 50% of the GDP. Habitual drug users reached about 4% of the population.
    (Econ, 1/17/04, p.35)

2003        The African Security Council was established after 28 countries ratified protocols.
    (Econ, 3/13/04, p.48)
2003        The Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS) entered into force in 2003, when participating countries started to implement its rules. The KP was set up by governments, the diamond industry and NGOs to stop the trade in rough diamonds that had helped pay for rebel groups and governments to wage civil war. As of the end of 2009 the KP had 49 members representing 75 countries.
    (Econ, 6/26/10, p.48)(www.kimberleyprocess.com/)

2003        In Argentina the government of Nestor Kirchner approved a law that lifted all restrictions on immigration from South America and guaranteed access to public health and education to all migrants, including illegals.
    (Econ, 3/10/07, p.35)
2003        In Argentina the Justicialist Party failed to hold a primary this year leading the courts to prohibit any presidential candidate from this using this name.
    (Econ, 2/16/08, p.46)
2003        Argentina’s population was about 36 million. The population of Buenos Aires was some 12 million.
    (AP, 4/26/03)(Econ, 11/19/05, p.81)

2003        Mark Latham (42) became head of Australia’s Labor party.
    (Econ, 9/24/05, p.53)
2003        Andrew Forrest, a former stockbroker, founded Fortescue to mine iron ore in the Pilbara region of Western Australia. The company’s first shipment to China went out in May, 2008.
    (Econ, 11/15/08, p.50)
2003        Australia’s 3 phone companies began blocking service to stolen phones. By 2011 thefts of stolen phones had droped 25% even as the number of mobile phones increased from 15 million to 26 million.
    (SFC, 12/3/11, p.C2)

2003        The first Homeless World Cup tournament was held in Austria with just five countries competing. The project aimed at helping homeless people turn their lives around.
    (AP, 9/29/06)

2003        Bangladesh author Salam Azad published his novel "Bhanga Math" ("Broken Temple") in India. In 2004 it was banned for blasphemy by the Bangladeshi government. In 2012 a court in Dhaka issued an arrest warrant for Azad in response to a petition from a Muslim activist accusing author Salam Azad of hurting religious sentiment in the banned book. Azad (48) said he had become a target after protesting an official’s grabbing of Hindu property.
    (AFP, 6/5/12)

2003        Belgium’s government began issuing electronic ID cards.
    (Econ, 2/9/13, p.60)

2003        Bolivia's former Pres. Gonzalo Sanchez de Lozada and Jose Sanchez Berzain, the former defense minister, fled to the US. In 2007 a suit was filed against both men for their October, 2003, crackdown on protestors that left 67 people dead. Sanchez Berzain was granted asylum in the US in April 2007.
    (www.boliviasolidarity.org/takeaction/latestactions/sanfran)(SFC, 9/27/07, p.A21)(AP, 6/19/09)

2003        The introduction of flex-fuel cars, vehicles that could run on ethanol as well as regular petrol, took off in Brazil due to a policy that dated to the 1970s of promoting fuel derived from home-grown sugar cane.
    (Econ, 9/24/05, p.79)
2003        Brazilian ranchers, soybean farmers and loggers destroyed a chunk of the Amazon rainforest about the size of Massachusetts.
    (AP, 4/8/04)

2003        Monica Ali authored “Brick Lane," a novel that evokes Bangladeshi community of London, England.
    (Econ, 6/30/12, p.85)
2003        Vikas Swarup, Indian diplomat, authored his novel “Q&A" while in London. The novel was turned into the successful film “Slumdog Millionaire" (2008).
    (Econ, 1/31/09, p.90)
2003        Amy Winehouse (b.1983), British pop singer, released her first album, “Frank." Her 2nd album, “Back to Black," came out in 2006.
    (Econ, 7/30/11, p.53)
2003        Twenty20, a short form of cricket designed for television, was introduced in England. The new 3-hour version rivaled the traditional version which lasted a maximum a 5 days.
    (Econ, 9/22/07, p.82)
2003        Britain and the US negotiated a secret extradition treaty to make prosecuting terrorists easier.
    (Econ, 2/25/06, p.61)
2003        Britain merged its communications and broadcasting watchdogs into a single body called Ofcom.
    (Econ, 10/14/06, Survey p.17)
2003        Britain established the Beacon Prize to celebrate philanthropists.
    (Econ, 2/25/06, Survey p.7)
2003        Britain introduced its Teach First program. It was modeled after the Teach for American program (1990), which invites graduates from top universities to spend the 1st 2 years of their careers teaching children from low-income families.
    (Econ, 8/1/09, p.49)
2003        The hallucinogen 2C-1 began appearing in English nightclubs and music festivals as a small white pill selling for £10.
    (Econ, 12/13/03, p.55)
2003        Judy Sgro, Canada minister of immigration, issued permits to some 552 Romanian women to fill a shortage of labor in the exotic dancing business.
    (Econ, 1/22/05, p.37)
2003        Oil insiders began to consider that some 180 billion barrels of oil, trapped in the tar sands of Alberta, Canada, were economically viable.
    (Econ, 6/28/03, p.75)
2003        Paul Hebert of the Univ. of Guelph, invented DNA barcoding in Ontario, Canada. His idea was to generate a unique identification tag for each species. He proposed using part of a gene called cytochrome c oxidase as a reliable marker and the idea worked.
    (Econ, 9/22/07, p.98)
2003        Jamie King, a robotics doctoral student at Memorial Univ. in Newfoundland, co-founded Verafin to sift bank data for patterns that could indicate fraud, drug trafficking or terrorist financing. By 2011 over 700 banks used the service.
    (SFC, 6/27/11, p.D2)

2003        Chad’s population was about 8 million.
    (WSJ, 1/2/98, p.8)(SFC, 11/23/00, p.D5)

2003        A humanoid skeleton was first discovered in the remote Atacama desert region of Chile. In 2012 Stanford reasearchers traveled to Chile to obtain detailed X Rays, CAT scans and take genetic samples for testing at Stanford University. Results showed that it was human and not an extraterrestrial. Findings also show it may have been a 6-inch Chilean human that survived for 6 to 8 years.
    (www.openminds.tv/scientist-says-atacama-humanoid-is-human-but-still-a-mystery-988/)

2003        In China journalists Chen Guidi and Wu Chuntao authored “Will the Boat Sink the Water," a look at peasant life in southeast China. It sold some 250,000 copies before authorities took it off the shelves. Pirated copies continued to sell. In 2006 it was translated to English.
    (WSJ, 7/6/06, p.D8)
2003        China’s President Hu Jintao launched his “Scientific Outlook on Development."
    (Econ., 3/7/15, p.45)
2003        China moved to revitalize the old north-east industrial bases following rising unemployment and mass protests.
    (Econ, 1/3/15, p.31)
2003        In China for the 1st time in over two decades people in Beijing got their names on ballot papers without official backing in elections to district people’s congresses.
    (Econ, 11/11/06, p.48)
2003        The Shanghai Tatler magazine was set up by owners of the Hong Kong Tatler, modeled on London’s Tatler.
    (Econ, 1/3/04, p.27)
2003        China began building wire fences on major defection North Korean routes along the Tumen River. Since September 2006, China began building wire fences along the Yalu River.
    (AP, 10/16/06)
2003        The China Banking Regulatory Commission was carved out of the central bank.
    (Econ, 10/29/05, p.72)
2003        In China Hony Capital, a private equity firm, was founded by John Zhao. By 2012 it was China’s leading private equity firm.
    (Economist, 9/1/12, p.69)
2003        Yang Xiuzhu, a senior Chinese official who oversaw construction projects in the booming eastern province of Zhejiang, got wind that anti-corruption investigators were looking into her affairs. She boarded a flight to Singapore. A few days later Yang changed her name and flew to New York. Local authorities said in 2004 she accepted kickbacks from property developers of more than 250 million yuan ($40.62 million) China filed an arrest warrant for her through Interpol and in 2005 she was detained in Amsterdam. As of 2014 she was still in the Netherlands.
    (Reuters, 8/27/14)
2003        Chinese Internet users protested the beating to death in jail of a man arrested for failing to carry the right identity documents. This led to the scrapping of a decades old law giving police sweeping powers to detain anyone suspected of staying without a permit in a place other than his registered home town.
    (Econ, 4/29/06, p.30)
2003        Coca-Cola test-marketed its “fruit pulp orange" drink in China and began rolling it out across the country with great success.
    (Econ, 3/3/07, p.68)
2003        William C. Hsiao, senior professor of economics at Harvard, launched a program in Xinlian, China, to help residents monitor and publicize the quality of health care. Village doctors in China made most of their money selling drugs.
    (WSJ, 2/13/07, p.A1)
2003        In China the local government of Hongwei acknowledged the seriousness of local pollution and called on Daqing Lianhua, a subsidiary of PetroChina, to relocate villagers.
    (Econ, 9/29/07, p.47)
2003        In 2005 estimates of Chinese labor unrest for 2003 noted some 60,000 protests with a 17% annual increase over the past decade.
    (WSJ, 4/18/05, p.A16)
2003        In 2006 China said its first confirmed human death from bird flu was in 2003, two years earlier than previously reported, showing that the virus was present on the mainland before the latest outbreak was first disclosed elsewhere in Asia.
    (AFP, 8/8/06)
2003        The world’s first electronic cigarette was invented in Beijing.
    (Econ, 6/13/15, p.44)
2003        Chinese researchers at the State Key Laboratory of Agrobiotechnology of the China Agricultural University introduced human genetic coding into the DNA of Holstein dairy cow embryos, then transferred the embryos into cow surrogates. This followed years of testing on mice. By June, 2011, over 300 cloned cattle lived on an experimental farm in suburban Beijing, with new calves delivered every week.
    (Reuters, 6/16/11)
2003        China's growth rate for the year was measured at 9.1%.
    (WSJ, 1/21/04, p.A1)
2003        China executed 726 people, nearly two-thirds of the world's known court-ordered executions, and violated its own law by killing at least one man for a crime committed at age 16, according to a 2004 report by Amnesty Int'l. Publicly admitted executions in China soared to over 7,000 this year due to a “strike hard" crackdown on crime.
    (AP, 4/7/04)(Econ, 4/28/07, p.69)

2003        In Congo-Brazzaville Frederic Ntoumi, head of an estimated 5,000 Ninja fighters agreed to make peace with the government. Plans to disarm his men were repeatedly delayed.
    (Econ, 5/7/05, p.42)

2003        The civil war in Congo (DRC), which had claimed at least 4 million people, stood in its final throes. This was the largest death toll since WW II.
    (Econ, 6/14/08, p.63)
2003        In eastern Congo Germain Katanga and Mathieu Ngudjolo led militias including child soldiers who attacked the village of Bogoro, killing over 200 people including women and children. Many of the victims were hacked to death with machetes. In 2008 Katanga and Ngudjolo stood for trial at the Int’l. Criminal Court at The Hague, Netherlands.
    (SFC, 9/27/08, p.A3)

2003        Costa Rica changed its constitution to allow former presidents to stand again.
    (Econ, 2/4/06, p.34)
2003        Nobel Peace Laureates led by Oscar Arias of Costa Rica and a coalition of pressure groups under the Control Arms Campaign aimed to secure an int’l. treaty to regulate the global trade in weapons.
    (Econ, 6/30/12, p.63)(http://controlarms.org/about-controlarms)

2003        The population of Croatia was about 4.5 million.
    (AP, 6/23/03)

2003        Denmark became the first country in the world to introduce restrictions on the use of industrially produced trans fatty acids. Oils and fats were forbidden on the Danish market if they contain trans fatty acids exceeding 2%.
    (www.bakeryandsnacks.com/news/ng.asp?id=58838-adm-ramps-up)
2003        Denmark, population 5.4 million, stood as the world's biggest exporter of pork as some 13,000 farmers raised 24 million pigs.
    (Econ, 8/9/03, p.44)

2003        About 20% of Dominican Republic’s GDP went into a questionable bailout of the country’s 3rd largest bank. The bailout under Pres. Mejia triggered economic chaos.
    (Econ, 8/21/04, p.31)(Econ, 5/20/06, p.42)
2003        The Dominican Rep. began to reform its prisons.
    (Economist, 9/22/12, p.46)
2003        The Dominican Republic population was about 8.5 million.
    (Hem., Dec. '95, p.106)

2003        El Salvador Pres. Francisco Flores led 4 other Central American countries to form a Central American Free-Trade Agreement (CAFTA).
    (Econ, 3/27/04, p.38)

2003        The population of Eritrea was about 4.4 million at this time.
    (Econ, 11/8/03, p.46)

2003        Finland commissioned a new nuclear reactor. It was the 1st order in Western Europe in 13 years.
    (WSJ, 9/22/05, p.B6)

2003        The German film “Goodbye Lenin," directed by Wolfgang Becker, became a big hit grossing $80 million.
    (Econ, 2/3/07, p.83)
2003        Xing, a professional social network website, was founded by Lars Hinrichs of Hamburg, Germany. It went public in 2006.
    (Econ, 9/27/08, p.76)

2003        In Greece the domestic Revolutionary Struggle terror group first appeared. The group later claimed numerous bomb attacks in Athens, including against the Athens Stock Exchange and planting a massive bomb that failed to explode outside Citibank offices. The group also fired a rocket-propelled grenade at the US embassy in 2007.
    (AP, 9/30/11)

2003        Guinea-Bissau’s population was about 1 million. Its average annual per capita gross domestic product was about $180.
    (AP, 9/16/03)

2003        Hong Kong made insider trading illegal.
    (Econ, 9/19/09, p.85)
2003        Tung Chee-hwa, head of Hong Kong, asked Allan Zeman, a Canadian entrepreneur, to take over the operation of Ocean Park, a failing amusement park. Zeman had already transformed warehouses into a popular drinking district called Lan Kwai Fong. By 2007 Zeman managed to revive Ocean Park as the local Disney theme park declined.
    (Econ, 10/20/07, p.88)

2003        In Hungary the Jobbik Party was launched and grew to become the country's biggest far-right political force.
    (AP, 8/14/12)

2003        Iceland privatized 2 of its largest banks.
    (Econ, 10/11/08, p.96)

2003        Arun Shourie, India’s minister of disinvestment, was also appointed as minister for communications.
    (WSJ, 1/9/04, p.A1)
2003        India changed its verbiage on Tibet to say that the Tibet Autonomous Region is part of China as opposed to the previous description of Tibet as an autonomous region of China.
    (Econ, 11/18/06, p.16)
2003        In India’s northeast Assam state the Bodoland Territorial Autonomous District was declared.
    (Econ, 1/14/06, p.48)
2003        India concluded a $1 billion purchase of Israel's Phalcon airborne radar system. Over the last 18 months the US facilitated the sale of $200 million in defense equipment to India.
    (WSJ, 10/22/03, p.A16)
2003        Captain G.R. Gopinath launched Air Deccan, India’s 1st low-cost airline.
    (Econ, 3/10/07, p.59)
2003        Shopping malls in India increased from 3 to over 400 over the last 8 years.
    (WSJ, 12/16/03, p.A15)
2003        In India over 17,000 farmers committed suicide this year. Their deaths were most often ascribed to debt, drought and ready availability of pesticides to serve as poison. The National Crime Records Bureau later showed that at least 87,567 farmers committed suicide between 2002 and 2007.
    (Econ, 6/23/07, p.66)(SFC, 3/22/08, p.A5)
2003-2007    In New Delhi, India, over 300 people were killed in accidents involving independently operated Blueline buses.
    (SFC, 12/7/07, p.A25)

2003        Indonesia’s President Megawati Sukarnoputri declared that the Chinese new year would be a national holiday.
    (Econ, 2/4/06, p.40)
2003        The Indonesia half of Papua New Guinea was split into two provinces, Papua and West Papua.
    (Econ, 6/30/12, p.46)

2003        Iraqna, a unit of Egypt-based Orascom Telecom Holding SAE, launched cell phone service in Iraq.
    (WSJ, 7/19/05, p.B1)
2003        The US Navy sent several dolphins to Iraq to clear the Umm Qasr harbor of mines.
    (SFC, 5/18/10, p.C2)

2003        PayPal, an online payments company acquired by eBay, set up an office in Ireland with 25 people. In 2004 eBay announced plans to move customer operations to Ireland and by 2014 their combined operations employed some 2,000 people there.
    (SSFC, 3/9/14, p.9)

2003        PM Berlusconi’s government passed a law granting him and 4 associates immunity from criminal prosecution while serving as PM of Italy. The law was later struck down by Italy’s constitutional court.
    (WSJ, 11/15/04, p.A1)(Econ, 11/26/05, Survey p.11)
2003        In Italy regional legislation recognized the prosecco district, a region just north of Venice, for sparkling wine produced with prosecco grapes.
    (Econ, 12/22/07, p.108)

2003        The African Development (AfDB) fled its home in the Ivory Coast and set up operations in Tunisia.
    (Econ, 5/19/07, p.50)

2003        The new Mori Art Museum opened in Tokyo atop the 53-story Mori Tower. It was named its founder and builder, real estate developer Minoru Mori. It was part of the new 29-acre, $4 billion Roppongi Hills complex. 
    (SFC, 10/29/03, p.D1)(SFC, 11/17/05, p.E8)
2003        Japan’s government privatized J-Power, the state-owned electric wholesaler.
    (Econ, 4/12/08, p.74)
2003        Toshihiko Fukui was appointed governor of the Bank of Japan.
    (Econ, 2/14/04, p.68)
2003        US sales of Japanese manga comics reached $100 million.
    (SSFC, 4/4/04, p.F5)
2003        Japan’s fertility rate fell below 1.3, down from 3.65 in 1950.
    (Econ, 11/13/04, p.45)
2003        In Japan the number of suicides rose about 50% since 1990 to 34,500.
    (Econ, 10/8/05, Survey p.6)

2003        Kazakhstan decided to create a full-fledged navy to help protect its oil interests on the Caspian Sea.
    (Econ, 10/11/03, p.46)

2003        Kenya launched a free primary school education program. It soon earned praise across the world as more than 1 million children who had never been to school enrolled.
    (AP, 1/26/10)

2003        The Laotian government promised the United Nations Drug Control Program  (UNDCP) to eliminate opium poppy cultivation by 2006.
    (SFC, 6/27/00, p.A12)(Econ, 5/1/04, p.44)
2003        The Lao government signed a 30-year agreement with a Hong Kong-registered company to set up a 1,640-hectare special economic zone built with expertise from China. The population of the Golden City in Boten peaked at 10,000, but dwindled to 2,000 in 2011 after China’s foreign ministry warned citizens not to gamble there.
    (Econ, 5/28/11, p.46)

2003        The UN imposed a ban in Liberia on trade in logs due to uncontrolled and environmentally devastating logging.
    (Econ, 3/8/08, p.92)

2003        Libya planned a covert operation to assassinate Crown Prince Abdullah of Saudi Arabia according to 2004 testimony by 2 jailed participants.
    (SFC, 6/10/04, A10)

2003        Ricardo Salinas Pliego beat administrative insider-trading charges in Mexico on procedural grounds. Later he and a partner set up a shell company to buy Unefon debt for pennies and then resold the debt to Unefon, which they controlled, for the full price. The move netted them $109 million each at Unefon’s expense.
    (WSJ, 12/8/05, p.A11)

2003        In Morocco Swiss investor Jean Victor Lovat filed a complaint against Abdelaziz Laafoura and Abdelmoughit Slimani. Slimani, a former mayor of Casablanca, was sentenced on appeal to 16 years in prison. In 2008 Laafoura, a former Casablanca governor, was acquitted by the Supreme Court of corruption. The court released assets it had frozen.
    (AFP, 3/16/08)

2003        Myanmar reported 42% of the world’s official malaria deaths. WHO statistics were not very accurate as half of Africa’s countries did not submit any data.
    (Econ, 12/9/06, p.86)

2003        New Zealand swept away laws under which  prostitution was a criminal offence.
    (Econ, 12/23/06, p.86)
2003        New Zealand started giving preference to immigrants with jobs.
    (Econ, 1/10/15, p.31)

2003        Niger made slavery a crime with a penalty of up to 30 years in jail, but continued to turn a blind eye to the practice.
    (Econ, 11/1/08, p.57)

2003        Nigeria banned trafficking in humans and set up an agency to curb it.
    (Econ, 4/24/04, p.45)
2003        Nigeria’s Pres. Obasanjo created a financial-crimes investigation unit. Nuhu Ribadu was appointed as the antifraud czar.
    (WSJ, 4/13/05, p.A1)

2003        David Hawk of the US Committee for Human Rights authored his report “The Hidden Gulag: Exposing North Korea’s Prison Camps."
    (Econ, 4/21/12, p.55)(http://www.davidrhawk.com/HiddenGulag.pdf)

2003        Russia arrested Alexander Zaporozhsky, a former colonel in the Russian Foreign Intelligence Service. He was sentenced to 18 years in prison for espionage on behalf of the United States. Zaporozhsky quit the service in 1997 and settled in the United States; Russia enticed him back and arrested him in 2001. He was convicted on charges of passing secret information about Russian agents working under cover in the US and about American sources working for Russian intelligence. In 2010 he was released as part of a spy swap with the US.
    (AP, 7/9/10)

2003        Greg Wyler (33), a American tech entrepreneur, started his own Rwandan Internet service provider and named it Terracom.
    (WSJ, 8/17/06, p.A7)

2003        In Saudi Arabia Ati Bt Abeh Inan, an Indonesian  maid, was accused by her employer of casting a spell on him and his family. She was sentenced to death. In 2014, after 10 years in prison, she was pardoned and sent back to West Java.
    (SSFC, 2/16/14, p.A6)
2003        The Saudi-owned news channel al-Arabiya was launched from Dubai.
    (Econ, 2/26/05, p.25)

2003        US Steel bought a steel plant in Smederevo, Serbia. In January, 2012, under the eurozone crisis and falling demand, US Steel gave the plant back to the government for a symbolic $1. 5400 jobs were at stake.
    (Econ, 5/12/12, p.60)

2003        The Slovak parliament voted to cut taxes on personal incomes and for a single flat rate of 19% on corporate profits effective in 2004. The statutory retirement age was raised and a new pay-as-go pension scheme was created to be supplemented by privatization revenues.
    (Econ, 11/8/03, p.48)
2003        PSA Peugeot Citroen, Europe’s 2nd biggest carmaker, decided to make the successor of its 206 model in Trnava, Slovakia. The car had been manufactured in the Ryton factory near Coventry, England.
    (Econ, 4/22/06, p.55)

2003        Neil Turok created the African Institute for Mathematical Sciences in Cape Town, South Africa.
    (Econ, 5/25/13, p.84)
2003        In South Africa Ben Sassman launched Internet dating service for people with HIV/AIDS.
    (Econ, 10/14/06, p.54)(www.thepositiveconnection.co.za)

2003        The South Korean economy went into recession.
    (WSJ, 5/31/05, p.A14)
2003        Lone Star Funds, a private equity firm based in Dallas, Texas, purchased the Korea Exchange Bank of South Korea. In 2006 Lone Star engaged in a deal to sell the bank for a $4.5 billion profit. Under public outrage Lone Star offered to donate some $104 million to the government of South Korea.
    (WSJ, 4/18/06, p.A1)
2003        Oh Yeon Ho turned his South Korean Ohmy News website into a for profit firm. In 2006 his website averaged 700,000 visitors and 2 million page view per day.
    (Econ, 4/22/06, Survey p.9)

2003        In Spain Jesus Gil y Gil (1933-2004), developer and football club owner, was sentenced to 3½ years plus a fine of some $16m for siphoning off Atletico funds and fraud. Gil was mayor of Marbella on the Costa del Sol. Extensive corruption in the town was unveiled in 2006.
    (Econ, 8/23/03, p.40)(Econ, 4/8/06, p.52)

2003        Sri Lanka’s population was about 19 million.
    (WSJ, 7/13/99, p.B1)(SSFC, 11/9/03, p.A12)

2003        In Sudan a study indicated that AIDS had infected about 1.6% of the population. By 2009 the number was estimated to be approaching 3%.
    (Econ, 7/4/09, p.42)

2003        Sweden passed legislation requiring women to hold 30% of the seats in parliament.
    (Econ, 9/20/08, p.76)

2003        The average wage in Tajikistan was $10 a month for those able to find work.
    (Econ, 12/13/03, p.40)

2003        Trinidad closed its state-owned sugar company.
    (Econ, 9/24/05, p.45)

2003        PM Thaksin Shinawatra set a 2005 growth target for Thailand of 10%. The rate for 2003 was projected to be 6.4% and 7.5% for 2004. The economic boom raised some concerns.
    (WSJ, 11/28/03, p.A6)
2003        In Thailand Chuvit Kamolvisit was accused of the unauthorized, overnight demolition of scores of unlicensed bars and shops from a downtown Bangkok block he owned. The move erupted into a major public scandal. When the police failed to protect him, Chuvit fought back by exposing the behemoth bribes he had to pay to keep his mighty empire of flesh running.
    (AP, 6/28/11)
2003        Thailand produced some 470,000 pick-up trucks and ranked behind the US as the world’s 2nd largest producer. Production in 2004 was expected to approach 600,000.
    (Econ, 9/11/04, p.60)

2003        The population of Tuvalu was about 11,000.
    (SFC, 8/12/98, p.A11)(SSFC, 11/9/03, p.C6)

2003        Ukraine’s President Leonid Kuchma authored a book called “Ukraine Is Not Russia."
    (Econ, 2/26/11, p.58)

2003        In the UAR Saqr bin Mohammed Al Qasimi dumped his eldest son, Sheik Khalid bin Saqr Al Qasimi, as the crown prince in favor of Sheik Saud to succeed him as leader of Ras al Khaimah. The emirate's name means "top of the tent" in Arabic in reference to the shape of the peninsula shared by the UAE and Oman.
    (AP, 10/27/10)

2003        The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development held its annual meeting in Tashkent, Uzbekistan.
    (Econ, 5/21/05, p.14)

2003        Pres. Hugo Chavez, under advice from Cuba, began creating emergency health, education and welfare programs called “missions" to provide public services and subsidies to the poor. They were paid for by a budget controlled by the president without going through social ministries.
    (Econ, 2/18/06, p.36)
2003        Venezuela's tax collection was reported up 28% under a "Zero Evasion" campaign.
    (WSJ, 1/23/04, p.A10)

2003        In Yemen guards apprehended Hezam Ali Hassan (17) and Khaled Saleh (18) after they followed the car of Ambassador Edmund Hull through the Sabeen area of San'a before they were able to throw hand grenades at Hull as he stepped into a store. Both men were released in 2008 after serving over 3 years in jail.
    (AP, 1/14/08)

2003-2006    In Saudi Arabia a deadly wave of shootings and bombings blamed on Al-Qaeda killed more than 150 Saudis and foreigners.
    (AFP, 8/20/15)
2003-2006    The Sudan Liberation Army (SLA) appeared in the Darfur region. It consisted largely of members of the Zaghawa tribe. Soon after the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) sprang up. In response the government unleashed the janjaweed, an Arab militia with ranks swollen by ex-criminals. By 2006 as many as 300,000 civilians were killed in the Darfur region.
    (Econ, 5/15/04, p.22)(Econ, 8/28/04, p.40)(Econ, 5/13/06, p.14)

2003-2007    Physician Orlando Smith governed the British Virgin Islands.
    (AP, 11/8/11)

2003-2009    The gross domestic product of the Turks and Caicos Islands, a U.K. territory of 22,000 people, more than doubled during this period to $750 million, largely through a resort-building boom under Premier Michael Misick.
    (AP, 2/23/10)

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