Timeline 2005 January - March

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2005        Jan 1, Europe’s 7,000 listed companies adopted int’l. financial reporting standards (IFRS), replacing the mishmash of 25 local accounting regimes with one set of rules. Over 90 countries began switching to a new int’l. accounting standards.
    (WSJ, 12/9/04, p.C1)(Econ, 6/18/05, p.73)
2005        Jan 1, A new California law took effect giving gay couples who register as domestic partners nearly the same responsibilities and benefits as married spouses.
    (AP, 1/1/05)
2005        Jan 1, Shirley Chisholm (80), advocate for minority rights, died. She became the first black woman elected to Congress and later the first black person to seek a major party's nomination for the US presidency.
    (AP, 1/3/05)
2005        Jan 1, Robert Matsui (63), 13-term California Democratic congressman, died. On April 13 US Representatives voted to name the federal courthouse in Sacramento in his honor.
    (SFC, 1/3/05, p.A1)(SFC, 4/14/05, p.B3)
2005        Jan 1,  Australia’s free trade agreement with the US became effective.
    (Econ, 5/7/05, Survey p.10)
2005        Jan 1, The 1974 Multi-Fiber Arrangement (MFA), which had restricted Chinese textile exports, ended. This forced Cambodia to face fierce competition from rival exporters. This led to the loss of some 30,000 jobs in Mauritius.
    (www.ers.usda.gov/AmberWaves/February06/Features/feature2.htm)(Econ, 2/19/05, p.42)(Econ, 10/18/08, p.58)
2005        Jan 1, A deal to eliminate import tariffs between Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda came into force, marking the first major step toward integrating the East African nations into a single economic and investment block.
    (AP, 1/1/05)
2005        Jan 1, Indonesia was forecast for 4.8% annual GDP growth with a population at 227.1 million and GDP per head at $1,230.
    (Econ, 1/8/05, p.91)
2005        Jan 1, In Indonesia desperate, homeless villagers on the tsunami-ravaged island of Sumatra mobbed American helicopters carrying aid as the U.S. military launched its largest operation in the region since the Vietnam War.
    (AP, 1/1/06)
2005        Jan 1, Al-Qaida's arm in Iraq released a video showing its militants lining up five captured Iraqi security officers and executing them in the street.
    (AP, 1/1/05)
2005        Jan 1, Ireland's 2nd city of Cork became the European capital of culture for 2005, offering up a program of theatre, music, art, literature as well as sporting and other events.
    (AFP, 1/1/05)
2005        Jan 1, Jamaica's embattled police commissioner Francis Forbes resigned following record number of homicides in 2004. The island nation of 2.6 million people, reported a record 1,145 homicides for 2004, compared with 975 the year before.
    (AP, 1/2/05)
2005        Jan 1, Japan pledged up to $500 million in grant aid for tsunami disaster relief.
    (AP, 1/1/05)
2005        Jan 1, Japan’s currency opened at 102.41 yen to the dollar. Rising oil prices pushed it down in April to 108.91 to the dollar.
    (WSJ, 4/7/05, p.C16)
2005        Jan 1, In Norway a new law went into effect to allow foreign hunters to hunt seals. The legislation raised the seal kill quota to 2,000.
    (SFC, 11/27/04, p.A10)
2005        Jan 1, In southern Peru Antauro Humala, retired army major, led a nationalist group that seized a police station ambushed a police vehicle responding to the scene, killing four officers and two reservists. Antauro Humala was later sentenced to 25 years in prison. In 2011 his sentence was reduced to 19 years. Antauro’s brother, Ollanta, was elected president in 2006.
    (AP, 1/2/05)(Econ, 1/8/05, p.38)(AP, 9/7/11)
2005        Jan 1, Romania enacted a law forbidding int’l. adoptions except to biological grandparents in an effort to help it win EU membership.
    (WSJ, 1/3/05, p.A1)
2005        Jan 1, In Saudi Arabia 2 men, a Pakistani and an Iraqi, were beheaded for smuggling in drugs.
    (AP, 1/1/05)
2005        Jan 1, A new Swiss law took effect that legalized the production of absinthe.
    (SFC, 11/4/04, p.A2)
2005        Jan 1, Taiwan was forecast for 4.8% annual GDP growth with a population at 22.9 million and GDP per head at $14,560.
    (Econ, 1/8/05, p.92)
2005        Jan 1, Taiwan’s Statement of Financial Standards No. 35 took effect.
    (WSJ, 4/6/05, p.C18)
2005        Jan 1, The New (yeni) Turkish Lira (YTL), will begin circulating, wiping out six zeroes from the current money. The old lira will keep circulating until Dec 31.
    (AP, 9/23/04)(Econ, 8/28/04, p.67)(SSFC, 12/5/04, p.F2)
2005        Jan 1, Uganda President Yoweri Museveni said the army will resume all-out war on rebels in northern Uganda, charging that the insurgents rejected a cease-fire deal that had been expected to open the way for political talks on ending the 18-year civil war.
    (AP, 1/1/05)

2005        Jan 2, US professional football teams (NFL) joined Venus Williams, Maria Sharapova and other sports figures around the world in assisting the relief mission for the tsunami-earthquake catastrophe in southern Asia.
    (AP, 1/2/06)
2005        Jan 2, The death toll from the Dec 26 Tsunami was expected to hit 150,000.
    (AP, 1/2/05)
2005        Jan 2, In El Dorada, Ark., firefighters evacuated hundreds of residents as they fought a blaze in a hazardous waste warehouse.
    (WSJ, 1/3/05, p.A1)
2005        Jan 2, H. David Dalquist (86), creator of the aluminum Bundt pan (1950), the top-selling cake pan in the world, died at his home in Edina, Minn. He founded St. Louis Park-based Nordic Ware, which has sold more than 50 million Bundt pans.
    (AP, 1/5/05)
2005        Jan 2, In western Afghanistan a US soldier and a former Afghan militia leader were killed when American troops clashed with gunmen while searching the leader's compound.
    (AP, 1/2/05)
2005        Jan 2, Canada confirmed that a 2nd case of mad cow disease has been discovered, just days after the United States said it planned to reopen its border to Canadian beef.
    (AP, 1/3/05)
2005        Jan 2, In Croatia Pres. Stipe Mesic won about 49 percent of the votes, compared with 20 percent for his closest rival, conservative government minister Jadranka Kosor, the popular incumbent narrowly failed to win the absolute majority required for a first-round victory. Voters will return to the polls later this month for a presidential runoff.
    (AP, 1/3/05)
2005        Jan 2, A suicide attacker detonated a car bomb north of Baghdad, killing at least 22 Iraqi soldiers. 10 Iraqis were killed in attacks elsewhere.
    (AP, 1/2/05)(WSJ, 1/3/05, p.A1)
2005        Jan 2, Some 1,500 people inhabited the artificial Maldive island of Hulhumale. Some $60 million had already been spent on its creation and completion was expected in 2040.
    (SSFC, 1/2/05, p.A10)
2005        Jan 2 Shin Dong-hyuk (b.1982) escaped from a prison camp in North Korea and made his way to China. In 2012 former Washington Post journalist Blaine Harden authored "Escape from Camp 14," an account of Shin’s escape. In 2015 Shin apologized for misleading people after changing key parts of his story.
    (Reuters, 1/18/15)
2005        Jan 2, Thailand's confirmed death toll from the Dec 26 tidal wave disaster approached 5,000, including more than 2,400 foreign holidaymakers.
    (AP, 1/2/05)

2005        Jan 3, President Bush tapped his father, former President Bush, and former President Clinton to help raise tsunami relief funds.
    (AP, 1/3/06)
2005        Jan 3, The third-ranked Auburn Tigers limped to a 16-13 victory over No. 9 Virginia Tech in the Sugar Bowl.
    (AP, 1/3/06)
2005        Jan 3, Heavy snow shut down a major highway north of Los Angeles and slowed post-holiday travel in the Sierra Nevada as Californians grappled with a 2nd week of stormy weather.
    (AP, 1/3/05)
2005        Jan 3, Will Eisner (b.1917), comic book pioneer, died in Fla. In 1978 he wrote and drew his graphic novel “A Contract With God.” It was the 1st of a trilogy that included “A Life Force” (1983) and “Dropsie Avenue” (1995).
    (SFC, 1/4/05, p.A2)(Econ, 1/15/05, p.81)(SSFC, 12/25/05, p.M3)
2005        Jan 3, In eastern Afghanistan a US soldier was killed and three others wounded in a clash with militants.
    (AP, 1/3/05)
2005        Jan 3, The Algerian Interior Ministry said security forces had arrested the leader of the Armed Islamic Group, the radical insurgency movement responsible for brutal village massacres several years ago, and killed his replacement. The arrest of Nourredine Boudiafi and the killing of Chaabane Younes were near-fatal blows to the seriously weakened GIA, as the movement is known. Islamic extremists killed 18 people in an ambush of an army convoy south of the capital Algiers.
    (AP, 1/4/05)(AFP, 1/5/05)
2005        Jan 3, Thousands of Argentines angered over safety lapses at a nightclub where a fire killed 183 people, many of them teenagers, marched through capital streets holding pictures of the victims and demanding the resignations of key city officials.
    (AP, 1/4/05)
2005        Jan 3, Honduras Pres. Ricardo Maduro said that police have arrested the alleged mastermind of an attack on a public bus that left 28 passengers dead two weeks ago. The suspect was identified as Juan Carlos Miralda, 24, one of the leaders of the violent Mara Salvatrucha criminal gang.
    (AP, 1/4/05)
2005        Jan 3, India’s death toll from the Dec 26 tsunami was expected to top 15,000.
    (AP, 1/3/05)
2005        Jan 3, J.N. Dixit (68), India’s national security advisor, died in New Delhi.
    (SFC, 1/6/05, p.B7)
2005        Jan 3, In Iraq 3 suicide car bombs, including one that exploded near the Iraqi prime minister's party headquarters in Baghdad, along with a roadside explosion, rifle fire and an explosive rigged to a dead body killed at least 20 people.
    (AP, 1/3/05)(SFC, 1/4/05, p.A3)
2005        Jan 3, Jewish settlers clashed with Israeli troops who came to tear down two structures at an unauthorized West Bank outpost, and a soldier was arrested for encouraging comrades to refuse to evacuate the settlement.
    (AP, 1/3/05)
2005        Jan 3, Russian President Vladimir Putin stripped many of the duties of his top economic adviser, an outspoken critic who has accused the Kremlin of trying to muzzle voices of dissent and civil society in Russia.
    (AP, 1/3/05)
2005        Jan 3, Ukraine gave in and agreed to pay Turkmenistan a third more for natural gas following a shut-off.
    (WSJ, 1/4/05, p.A1)

2005        Jan 4, The 109th US Congress convened and took up tsunami aid. The Republican edge was 55 to 45.
    (WSJ, 1/5/05, p.A1)
2005        Jan 4, In the Orange Bowl #1 Southern California overwhelmed #2 Oklahoma 55-19.
    (AP, 1/4/06)
2005        Jan 4, Wade Boggs was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in his first year of eligibility, and Ryne Sandberg made it with just six votes to spare on his third try.
    (AP, 1/4/06)
2005        Jan 4, Kelbessa Negewo (54), an Ethiopian immigrant suspected of torturing and murdering more than a dozen political opponents of the Ethiopian government in the 1970s, was arrested at his home near Atlanta. Negewo has lived in the US since fleeing Ethiopia in 1987.
    (Reuters, 1/4/05)
2005        Jan 4, Robert Heilbroner (b.1919), author of the 1953 economics classic “Worldly Philosophers,” died.
    (WSJ, 1/11/05, p.A1)
2005        Jan 4, Cuban Foreign Minister Felipe Perez Roque said the island nation was renewing contacts with France, Britain, Germany, Italy, Austria, Greece, Portugal and Sweden after an EU panel recommended that member states stop inviting dissidents to their National Day celebrations at their embassies in Havana.
    (AP, 1/4/05)
2005        Jan 4, Diplomats said the U.N. atomic watchdog agency has found evidence of secret nuclear experiments in Egypt that could be used in weapons programs.
    (AP, 1/4/05)
2005        Jan 4, Doctors at Haiti's largest public hospital extended a weeklong strike to protest overdue paychecks.
    (AP, 1/4/05)
2005        Jan 4, Insurgents assassinated the highest-ranking Iraqi official in eight months, gunning down the governor of Baghdad province and six of his bodyguards. A suicide truck bomber killed 10 people at an Interior Ministry commando headquarters. 5 US soldiers were killed in assaults elsewhere.
    (AP, 1/4/05)(WSJ, 1/5/05, p.A1)
2005        Jan 4, Two Israeli tank shells slammed into a field in response to Palestinian mortar fire, killing seven Palestinians youths working in a strawberry field.
    (AP, 1/4/05)(SFC, 1/4/05, p.A3)
2005        Jan 4, In Peru the leader of an armed nationalist group that seized a remote police station, took 10 officers hostage and allegedly killed four others was detained while most of his 125 followers were rounded up.
    (AP, 1/4/05)
2005        Jan 4, Polish PM Marek Belka arrived in Tripoli for a two-day visit that will include talks on cooperation in the oil sector and a meeting with Libyan leader Moamer Kadhafi.
    (AFP, 1/5/05)
2005        Jan 4, Portugal’s national meteorology office said many regions, including the southernmost province of Algarve, the country's main tourism center, are facing their worst drought in over a decade.
    (AP, 1/5/05)
2005        Jan 4, Venezuela's left-leaning government promised to grant poor farmers at least 100,000 plots of land carved from either state property or large private holdings, a step toward implementing a controversial agrarian reform law.
    (AP, 1/4/05)

2005        Jan 5, President Bush opened a new drive for caps on medical malpractice awards, contending the limits would lower health care costs.
    (AP, 1/5/06)
2005        Jan 5, Cpl. Wassef Ali Hassoun, a Marine charged with desertion in Iraq after mysteriously disappearing from his post was again declared a deserter, this time for failing to report to his U.S. base.
    (AP, 1/5/06)
2005        Jan 5, It was reported that PolyMedix, a research firm in Philadelphia, was targeting bacteria with synthetic molecules that prevented the development of resistance.
    (WSJ, 1/5/05, p.B2A)
2005        Jan 5, Julius Axelrod, NIH neuroscientist, died in Rockville, Md. He shared a 1970 Nobel Prize with 2 others for work on neuro-transmitters.
    (SFC, 1/6/05, p.B7)
2005        Jan 5, Australian PM John Howard pledged $765 million over five years to Indonesian tsunami reconstruction and development due to the Dec 26 disaster.
    (AP, 1/6/05)(Econ, 1/15/05, p.38)
2005        Jan 5, The head of the IAEA said Iran has agreed to give U.N. inspectors access to a huge military site that the United States alleges is linked to a secret nuclear weapons program.
    (AP, 1/5/05)
2005        Jan 5, Iraq's intelligence chief said as many as 30,000 well-trained terrorists are actively operating throughout Iraq at the behest of former regime leaders based in Syria.
    (AP, 1/6/05)
2005        Jan 5, A car bomb exploded outside a police academy south of Baghdad during a graduation ceremony, killing at least 20 people. Hours earlier, another car bomb killed two Iraqis in Baghdad. A 2nd car bomber killed five Iraqi policemen in Baqouba.
    (AP, 1/5/05)(AP, 1/6/05)
2005        Jan 5, The bodies of 18 young Iraqi Shiites taken off a bus and executed in December 2005 were found in a field near Mosul.
    (AP, 1/5/06)
2005        Jan 5, A group calling itself "The Free People of the Galilee" claimed that it abducted Dana Bennet, an Israeli-American woman, in Aug 2003, and demanded that Israel release 1,000 Palestinian prisoners in exchange for information about her fate.
    (AP, 1/5/05)
2005        Jan 5, Two homemade Palestinian rockets fell into an army base in southern Israel, wounding 12 people, one of them seriously.
    (AP, 1/5/05)
2005        Jan 5, In western Nepal soldiers backed by helicopters raided a communist rebel hideout, killing at least 30 guerrillas and foiling a planned attack on an army base.
    (AP, 1/5/05)
2005        Jan 5, The UN said that camps for up to 500,000 tsunami refugees will be built on devastated Sumatra island, while world leaders headed to Indonesia to discuss how to distribute billions of dollars in aid.
    (AP, 1/5/05)

2005         Jan 6, The US Congress certified President Bush's re-election.
    (AP, 1/6/06)
2005        Jan 6, US Attorney General-nominee Alberto Gonzales, under scorching criticism at his confirmation hearing, condemned torture as an interrogation tactic and promised to prosecute abusers of terror suspects.
    (AP, 1/6/06)
2005        Jan 6, Andrea Yates' murder conviction for drowning her children in the bathtub on June 20, 2001, was overturned by a Texas appeals court. On July 26, 2006, after three days of deliberations, Yates was found not guilty by reason of insanity, as defined by the state of Texas.
    (AP, 1/6/06)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andrea_Yates)
2005        Jan 6, Edgar Ray Killen (b.1925) was arrested in Philadelphia, Miss., as a suspect in the 1964 abduction and killing of 3 voter-registration volunteers. He was found guilty on June 21, 2005, the 41st anniversary of the murders, along with Cecil Price (deputy sheriff of Neshoba at the time), of three counts of manslaughter and gathering the group of men who hunted down and killed two Jewish New Yorkers: Andrew Goodman (20) and Michael Schwerner (24), and one black Mississippian,  James Chaney (21).
    (SFC, 1/7/05, p.A1)(www.cnn.com/2005/LAW/06/21/mississippi.killings/)
2005        Jan 6, The Chicago-based Pritzker family settled a family suit giving both Matthew (22) and Liesel Pritzker (20) control of $450 million. The family fortune was estimated at over $15 bil.
    (WSJ, 1/7/05, p.B1)
2005        Jan 6, In South Carolina a freight train carrying chlorine gas struck a parked train, killing eight people and injuring more than 240 others, nearly all of them sickened by a toxic cloud that at nightfall persisted over the small textile town of Graniteville.
    (AP, 1/7/05)
2005        Jan 6, In Bangladesh a fire at the Sun Knit garment factory in Siddhirganj killed 22 people. Most of the exits were found locked.
    (SFC, 1/8/05, p.A3)
2005        Jan 6, A baby boy delivered in Beijing became China's 1.3 billionth citizen.
    (AP, 1/6/05)
2005        Jan 6, Chinese authorities bulldozed Silk Alley, a 20-year-old landmark in Beijing. Traders felt the motive was to eliminate competition for a new indoor complex soon to open next to the alley, to be named Xiushui, which was the name of the old market.
    (Econ, 1/15/05, p.39)
2005        Jan 6, A tsunami aid conference convened in Jakarta, Indonesia, and the UN asserted control over the massive relief campaign.
    (WSJ, 1/7/05, p.A1)
2005        Jan 6, In Iraq 7 US soldiers were killed in Baghdad when their Bradley hit a car buried bomb. 2 Marines were killed in western Iraq.
    (WSJ, 1/7/05, p.A1)
2005        Jan 6, President Vicente Fox announced that all Mexican children with cancer will receive free treatment as long as they need it.
    (AP, 1/6/05)
2005        Jan 6, In Ciudad Juarez, Mexico, 10 alleged gang members were convicted in the killings of 12 women, some of the hundreds who have been found slain there in recent years. The Los Toltecas members were arrested in 1999, after the reputed leader of their group, Jesus Manuel Guardado, alias "El Tolteca," was identified by a 14-year-old girl as the man who sexually assaulted and tried to kill her.
    (AP, 1/7/05)
2005        Jan 6, In South Africa former Pres. Nelson Mandela announced that his son, Makgatho Mandela, had died of illness related to AIDS.
    (SFC, 1/7/05, p.A10)

2005        Jan 7, A military jury at Fort Hood, Texas, acquitted Army Sgt. Tracy Perkins of involuntary manslaughter in the alleged drowning of an Iraqi civilian, but convicted him of assault in the January 2004 incident.
    (AP, 1/7/06)
2005        Jan 7, The nuclear submarine USS San Francisco ran aground 350 miles off the Pacific Ocean territory of Guam, injuring about 20 crew members. One died the next day.
    (AP, 1/8/05)(AP, 1/9/05)
2005        Jan 7, Conservative columnist Armstrong Williams was dropped by a major syndication service because he'd accepted a payment from the Bush administration to promote the No Child Left Behind law.
    (AP, 1/7/06)
2005        Jan 7, Brad Pitt and Jennifer Aniston announced they were separating after four years of marriage.
    (AP, 1/7/06)
2005        Jan 7, Rosemary Kennedy (86), the mentally retarded oldest sister of President Kennedy and the inspiration for the Special Olympics, died at a Fort Atkinson, Wis., hospital.
    (AP, 1/7/06)
2005        Jan 7, Congo’s electoral commission hinted that elections scheduled for June would be postponed.
    (Econ, 1/22/05, p.44)
2005        Jan 7, Authorities raised Indonesia's death toll by 7,000, bringing the overall total killed by the disaster to more than 147,000.
    (AP, 1/7/05)
2005        Jan 7, In northern Italy a passenger train and a freight train collided in thick fog on the Bologna-Verona line, killing 17 people and injuring dozens.
    (AP, 1/7/05)(WSJ, 1/10/05, p.A1)
2005        Jan 7, In Indian-controlled Kashmir police said militants stormed a government building, setting it on fire with 70 employees still trapped inside. Three people were killed in the fighting.
    (AP, 1/7/05)
2005        Jan 7, Palestinian militants attacked a group of Israeli civilians outside the West Bank city of Nablus, wounding four people, including one who was in critical condition.
    (AP, 1/7/05)

2005        Jan 8, The official death toll from the Dec 26 tsunami rose above 150,000.
    (AP, 1/8/05)
2005        Jan 8, An Army platoon sergeant who ordered his soldiers to throw Iraqis into the Tigris River was sentenced to six months in military prison; the jury in Fort Hood, Texas, also reduced the rank of Army Sgt. 1st Class Tracy Perkins by one grade.
    (AP, 1/8/06)
2005        Jan 8, Richard P. Rodriguez (29) stabbed to death Angela M. Smith (51) in Tucson, Az. Rodriguez was found dead of a gunshot wound the next day in Blythe, Ca., near the Arizona border. He had grown up in the evangelical sex cult “Children of God” also known as the Family. Smith, a member of the cult, was involved in his upbringing. The cult was later linked to the San Diego based Family Care Foundation. In 2007 Don Lattin authored “Jesus Freaks: A True Story of Murder and Madness on the Evangelical Edge.”
    (SFC, 1/11/05, p.B8)(SSFC, 2/6/05, p.A1)(SSFC, 10/20/07, p.M1)
2005        Jan 8, Hurricane-force winds swept across northern Europe, leaving at least 13 dead including 3 in Carlisle, England, 4 in Denmark and 6 in Sweden.
    (AP, 1/9/05)
2005        Jan 8, Indian security forces killed the last rebel holed up inside a government office in Kashmir, ending a two-day battle during which guerrillas took over the building and set it on fire with dozens of employees inside.
    (AP, 1/8/05)
2005        Jan 8, In Iraq officials said Militants had abducted three senior Iraqi officials, beheaded a man who worked for the U.S. military and killed at least four others.
    (AP, 1/8/05)
2005        Jan 8, The US military acknowledged 5 people were killed when it bombed the wrong house during a search operation in northern Iraq. The owner of the house, Ali Yousef, said 14 people were killed when the 500-pound GPS-guided bomb hit at about 2 a.m. in the town of Aitha, 30 miles south of Mosul. An Associated Press photographer at the scene said seven children and seven adults died.
    (AP, 1/9/05)
2005        Jan 8, Nigerian President Olusegun Obasanjo flew to Sudan's troubled Darfur region to assess the crisis there following talks with his Sudanese counterpart Omar al-Beshir.
    (AP, 1/8/05)
2005        Jan 8, In northern Pakistan at least 11 people were killed, including six family members who were burned alive, during sectarian unrest after riots broke out following the shooting of a popular Shiite leader.
    (AP, 1/8/05)
2005        Jan 8, In Pakistan’s SW Baluchistan province assailants fired rockets at wells and a gas pipeline, killing a woman and wounding 14 other people. The attacks followed the rape of Dr. Shazia Khalid (31) a week earlier by a government soldier.
    (AP, 1/9/05)(SFC, 3/22/05, p.A1)
2005        Jan 8, Former Democratic presidential candidate John Kerry met with Syria's president and said he was hopeful that strained U.S.-Syrian relations could be improved.
    (AP, 1/8/05)
2005        Jan 8, Russian troops killed 5 alleged militants hiding in a house in the city of Nazran, Ingushetia, in a firefight.
    (AP, 1/8/05)(SSFC, 1/9/05, p.A3)
2005        Jan 8, Venezuela government officials escorted by troops and police descended on a privately owned cattle ranch to determine whether some lands may be turned over to poor farmers as part of an agrarian reform. The owner of the 32,000 acre El Charcote Ranch, Agropecuaria Flora C.A., is a subsidiary of the British-owned Vestey Group Ltd. and a major beef producer. The company insists that it can prove ownership back to 1830. A 1998 census found that 60 percent of Venezuelan farmland was owned by less than 1 percent of the population.
    (AP, 1/8/05)

2005        Jan 9, More heavy rain spread across parts of California and snow piled deeper in the mountains as the state sat under a storm system that left at least 7 dead.
    (AP, 1/9/05)(SFC, 1/10/05, p.B1)
2005        Jan 9, American troops opened fire after their convoy was struck by a roadside bomb at a checkpoint south of Baghdad, killing at least 8 people.
    (AP, 1/9/05)(SFC, 1/10/05, p.A1)
2005        Jan 9, In Iraq 7 Ukrainian soldiers and one Kazakh serving with the U.S.-led coalition were killed in an explosion while loading bombs that could be used by warplanes.
    (AP, 1/9/05)
2005        Jan 9, Stanley Fischer, Zambian-born vice-chairman of Citigroup, accepted the nomination to be the next governor of the Bank of Israel.
    (Econ, 1/15/05, p.69)
2005        Jan 9, A French officer serving with U.N. peacekeepers in Lebanon was killed by Israeli shelling, shortly after a Hezbollah bomb attack killed an Israeli soldier and wounded three others near the southern border.
    (AP, 1/9/05)
2005        Jan 9, At least five Maoist rebels fighting to overthrow Nepal's constitutional monarchy were killed, three days before a deadline for the guerrillas to begin peace talks.
    (AP, 1/10/05)
2005        Jan 9, Palestinians held their 1st presidential election in nine years, choosing a successor to longtime leader Yasser Arafat. Mahmoud Abbas was elected Palestinian Authority president by a landslide, giving the pragmatist a mandate to resume peace talks with Israel.
    (AP, 1/9/05)(AP, 1/10/05)
2005        Jan 9, Saudi police killed four terrorists believed linked to al-Qaida after the militants fled their desert tent while throwing hand grenades at surrounding forces.
    (AP, 1/9/05)
2005        Jan 9, Sudan's VP Ali Osman Mohammed Taha and John Garang, the country's main rebel leader, signed a comprehensive peace agreement to end Africa's longest-running conflict. The treaty said: The 10 states in southern Sudan will be secular, while the north will practice Islamic law; Former rebels will hold 30 percent of national posts, the south will be autonomous; Oil revenues from the south will be split 50-50 between the north and south: The south will vote on independence in 2011; U.N. observers will monitor a cease-fire and demobilization of troops.
    (AP, 1/9/05)(AP, 1/10/05)
2005        Jan 9, In Basel, Switzerland, central bankers, joined by commercial counterparts and financial regulators from around the globe, opened a 2-day meeting to discuss ways to ensure smooth economic growth amid worries over widening U.S. deficits.
    (AP, 1/10/05)
2005        Jan 9, In Thailand a 6-story building caught fire and collapsed in Bangkok, trapping five firefighters inside the wreckage.
    (AP, 1/9/05)
2005        Jan 9, The Zimbabwe Standard reported that a maize-meal shortage has become acute.
    (http://allafrica.com/stories/200501100537.html)(Econ, 1/15/05, p.44)

2005        Jan 10, CBS issued a damning independent review of mistakes related to a "60 Minutes Wednesday" report, aired by Dan Rather, on President Bush's National Guard service and fired three news executives and a producer for their "myopic zeal" in rushing it to air.
    (SFC, 1/11/05, p.A1)(AP, 1/10/06)
2005        Jan 10, Gov. Schwarzenneger proposed an $85.7 billion California state budget with cuts in programs to the poor, elderly and disabled to help close a $9.1 billion deficit.
    (SFC, 1/11/05, p.A1)
2005        Jan 10, Randall W. Harding pleaded guilty to money laundering and wire fraud charges as part of a scam that authorities say bilked investors from Palm Springs to Orange County, including church members at Crossroads Christian Church in Riverside, Ca.
    (SFC, 8/14/06, p.A2)(http://tinyurl.com/qhm4u)(http://home.att.net/~fcwriter/news29.htm)
2005        Jan 10, A mudslide at La Conchita in Ventura County, Ca., crushed over 15 homes and killed 10 people.
    (SFC, 1/12/05, p.A1)(SFC, 1/13/05, p.A3)
2005        Jan 10, GlaxoSmithKline PLC said that Bayer Healthcare AG has paid more than 200 million euros ($260 million) for sole marketing rights outside the United States for the erectile dysfunction drug Levitra.
    (AP, 1/10/05)
2005        Jan 10, The African Union's (AU) Peace and Security Council wrapped up its inaugural meeting unexpectedly quickly here with a series of resolutions on the continent's main flashpoints, including Ivory Coast, Democratic Republic of Congo and Sudan's Darfur region.
    (AFP, 1/11/05)
2005        Jan 10, Canada and Nigeria agreed to terms under which the Canadian International Development Agency is to provide 24.9 million Canadian dollars (20.4 million US) for health projects in the west African country.
    (AP, 1/11/05)
2005        Jan 10, Congo security forces fired bullets and tear gas at demonstrators burning tires in Congo's capital, killing at 4 people among thousands protesting a government decision to delay upcoming national elections.
    (AP, 1/10/05)(Econ, 1/22/05, p.44)
2005        Jan 10, Cuba said it was resuming formal ties with all of Europe, ending a deep freeze in relations following a 2003 crackdown on dissidents and the firing-squad executions of three men who tried to hijack a ferry.
    (AP, 1/10/05)
2005        Jan 10, India’s Supreme Court granted bail to Jayendra Saraswathi, one of Hinduism's most venerated clerics, after he spent nearly two months in jail in connection with the murder of a temple official. Former monastery official Sankaraman, said to be a bitter critic of the top cleric, was hacked to death in an ancient temple in Kanchi in September.
    (Reuters, 1/10/05)
2005        Jan 10, A bus driver apparently lost control of his vehicle and it plunged into a canal killing 57 people in southern India.
    (AP, 1/10/05)
2005        Jan 10, In Iraq gunmen assassinated Baghdad's deputy police chief and his son. A huge roadside bomb in southwestern Baghdad destroyed a U.S. armored vehicle and killed two American soldiers.
    (AP, 1/10/05)
2005        Jan 10, New Italian legislation went into effect to stop smoking in restaurants and bars. Officials extended the initial Jan 1 date for the benefit of New Year revelers.
    (SFC, 12/21/04, p.A7)(WSJ, 1/10/05, p.A10)
2005        Jan 10, In Kuwait a shootout killed two policeman and a suspect they were chasing in a suburb of the capital.
    (AP, 1/10/05)
2005        Jan 10, Ukraine's Election Commission declared Viktor Yushchenko the winner of the presidential vote.
    (AP, 1/10/06)
2005        Jan 10, Venezuela's President Chavez declared that farmland nationwide would be inspected and some of it given to the poor, expanding agrarian reforms with a pledge to fight "the large estates."
    (AP, 1/11/05)

2005        Jan 11, Pres. Bush named Michael Chertoff, longtime prosecutor, to take over as head of Homeland Security.
    (WSJ, 1/12/05, p.A1)
2005        Jan 11, LeapFrog Enterprises displayed a $99 digital pen that talks, corrects spelling and answers math problems. Sales were to begin in the Fall.
    (WSJ, 1/12/05, p.B1)
2005        Jan 11, Spencer Dryden (66), former drummer for the Jefferson Airplane (1967-1970), died in Petaluma, Ca. Dryden also played with the Grateful Dead (1971-1978), whose albums included “The Adventures of Panama Red” (1973).
    (SFC, 1/13/05, p.B6)
2005        Jan 11, James Griffin (61), founding member of 1970s pop group Bread, died in Franklin, Tenn.
    (AP, 1/11/06)
2005        Jan 11, At least eight people were killed in a wildfire that raced through southern Australia’s Eyre Peninsula, forcing terrified residents to leap into the sea to avoid the flames.
    (AP, 1/11/05)
2005        Jan 11, A strike by workers and a demonstration that drew hundreds of thousands of people paralyzed Santa Cruz as Bolivia's largest city joined an anti-government protest that has elicited a pledge from the president to resign if things turn violent. The protests forced the government to cancel water concessions to a foreign firm.
    (AP, 1/12/05)(WSJ, 1/12/05, p.A1)
2005        Jan 11, Gunmen on a motorbike in northern Colombia killed Julio Hernando Palacios, a radio journalist known for his tough talk against corruption.
    (AP, 1/11/05)
2005        Jan 11, Costa Rica Pres. Abel Pacheco signed a decree of national emergency after 3 days of heavy rains forced nearly 13,000 people from their homes and killed at least one person. Panama reported 2 dead.
    (AP, 1/11/05)
2005        Jan 11, The EU and the US agreed to settle their dispute over subsidies to Airbus SA and Boeing Co. through bilateral talks rather than asking the WTO to resolve it.
    (AP, 1/11/05)
2005        Jan 11, Indonesia's military chief extended a new cease-fire offer to rebels in the tsunami-stricken Aceh province, and residents in Sri Lanka were told not to rebuild near the coast.
    (AP, 1/11/05)
2005        Jan 11, PM Allawi acknowledged that parts of Iraq will not be safe enough for people to vote on Jan 30. A roadside bomb that missed a passing U.S. military convoy killed 7 Iraqis and wounded one south of Baghdad. A suicide car bomb at police headquarters in Tikrit killed 6. Insurgent attacks across Iraq left 19 people dead.
    (AP, 1/11/05)(SFC, 1/12/05, p.A1)(SFC, 1/12/05, p.A10)
2005        Jan 11, Mudslides in Tijuana, Mexico, killed 3 children and damaged 140 homes.
    (SFC, 1/13/05, p.A3)
2005        Jan 11, Palestinian militants in the Gaza Strip launched a barrage of homemade rockets and mortar rounds at Jewish towns and settlements, hours after newly elected Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas extended his hand in peace to Israel.
    (AP, 1/11/05)
2005        Jan 11, Russia's Federal Statistics Service said inflation was 11.7 per cent in 2004, slower than the 12 per cent rate for 2003 but still above government's target.
    (AP, 1/11/05)
2005        Jan 11, The Ukrainian parliament called for an immediate withdrawal of the nation's peacekeepers from Iraq. The vote was non-binding but reflected growing national dismay over the mission.
    (AP, 1/11/05)
2005        Jan 11, Fighting raged on in Sudan's western Darfur region where despite a peace accord ending a separate conflict in southern Sudan.
    (AP, 1/12/05)

2005        Jan 12, The US Supreme Court ruled that federal sentencing guidelines enacted 2 decades ago are unconstitutional. The decision was not retroactive.
    (WSJ, 1/13/05, p.A1)
2005        Jan 12, New US government Dietary Guidelines suggested 30 minutes of daily physical activity to reduce risk of chronic disease; 60 minutes to maintain a healthy weight; and 90 minutes to lose weight.
    (SFC, 1/13/05, p.A4)
2005        Jan 12, Democrat Christine Gregoire, winner of the extremely close Washington governor’s race, was inaugurated.
    (AP, 1/12/06)
2005        Jan 12, It was reported that researchers had synthesized a DNA molecule of 14,500 chemical units with 21 genes used by a harmless laboratory bacterium.
    (SFC, 1/12/05, p.A2)
2005        Jan 12, NASA launched its Deep Impact spacecraft from Cape Canaveral, Fla. It was scheduled to launch an 820-poind impactor vehicle at Comet Tempel-1 on July 4.
    (WSJ, 1/13/05, p.D8)
2005        Jan 12, In southern Afghanistan gunmen kidnapped six government soldiers in a former Taliban stronghold and dumped their bullet-ridden bodies in a canal.
    (AP, 1/13/05)
2005        Jan 12, Firefighters brought Australia's deadliest bushfires in 20 years under control after 9 people died in the blazes in the Eyre Peninsula.
    (AP, 1/12/05)
2005        Jan 12, Britain’s Prince Harry apologized after a newspaper published a photograph of the young royal wearing a Nazi uniform to a costume party.
    (AP, 1/12/06)
2005        Jan 12, The European Parliament gave its overwhelming endorsement to the European Union's first-ever constitution and urged EU governments to quickly follow suit.
    (CP, 1/12/05)
2005        Jan 12, Maud Fontenoy, a French woman (26), set out in a row boat on a 4,900-mile solo voyage to Polynesia, hoping to trace Thor Heyerdahl's epic 1947 Pacific crossing aboard the balsa raft Kon-Tiki.
    (AP, 1/14/05)
2005        Jan 12, German police arrested 14 people during raids of apartments and mosques in five states in a crackdown on an Islamic extremist organization suspected of aiding terrorists.
    (AP, 1/12/05)
2005        Jan 12, Indonesia demanded that all foreign troops providing disaster relief leave the country by Mar 31.
    (SFC, 1/13/05, p.A1)
2005        Jan 12, Insurgents launched a string of attacks in the northern city of Mosul killing two Iraqi National Guardsmen and wounding two others in a car bombing. Sheik Mahmoud Finjan was shot to death as he headed home after evening prayers in a mosque at the town of Salman Pak southeast of Baghdad. Attackers also killed Finjan's son and four bodyguards. Sunni Muslim militants claimed responsibility.
    (AP, 1/12/05)(AP, 1/14/05)
2005        Jan 12, Islamic militants detonated a bomb near a Jewish settlement in the southern Gaza Strip, killing an Israeli civilian and wounding three soldiers.
    (AP, 1/12/05)
2005        Jan 12, Nigeria made public plans to build a second $6-billion liquefied natural gas (LNG) plant in the southwestern state of Ondo.
    (AFP, 1/13/05)
2005        Jan 12, A US-sponsored study estimated that one million Russians were infected with the AIDS virus.
    (WSJ, 1/13/05, p.A1)

2005        Jan 13, US baseball owners and players agreed to a more stringent drug policy. It would suspend first-time offenders for 10 days and randomly tested players year-round.
    (SFC, 1/13/05, p.A1)(AP, 1/13/06)
2005        Jan 13, The FBI said it may have to scrap a costly computer system overhaul.
    (WSJ, 1/14/05, p.A1)
2005        Jan 13, The European-built space probe Huygens entered the atmosphere of Saturn's largest moon, Titan.
    (Reuters, 1/14/05)
2005        Jan 13, A Black Hawk helicopter crashed during a counternarcotics mission in the jungles of southwest Colombia, killing all 20 soldiers aboard.
    (AP, 1/13/05)
2005        Jan 13, Sir Mark Thatcher pleaded guilty to unwittingly helping to finance a foiled coup plot in oil-rich Equatorial Guinea, accepting a $506,000 fine and suspended jail sentence.
    (AP, 1/13/05)
2005        Jan 13, In Iran a malfunctioning heater in an Iranian school ignited a barrel of kerosene, touching off a blaze that killing 13 children.
    (AP, 1/13/05)
2005        Jan 13, In Iraq gunmen opened fire on a minibus picking up a Turkish businessman from the Bakhan Hotel in central Baghdad, killing six Iraqis and kidnapping the Turk, who reportedly ran a construction company that worked with U.S.-led occupation authorities.
    (AP, 1/13/05)
2005        Jan 13, In Iraq's western Anbar province 2 U.S. Marines were killed in action, and a soldier died near the restive northern city of Mosul. Gunmen killed three officials of a leading Kurdish political party in an ambush in the volatile northern city of Mosul.
    (AP, 1/14/05)
2005        Jan 13, In Iraq 28 prisoners held by Iraqi authorities for common crimes escaped as they were being transported by bus from the Abu Ghraib prison to another facility. 10 were quickly recaptured.
    (AP, 1/14/05)
2005        Jan 13, Israel's foreign minister said the planned sale of advanced Russian missiles to Syria will disrupt regional stability and Moscow should call off the deal.
    (AP, 1/13/05)
2005        Jan 13, Nepal's PM Sher Bahadur Deuba said he would call elections and intensify a crackdown against Maoist rebels after they turned down his offer of peace talks.
    (AP, 1/13/05)
2005        Jan 13, Palestinian militants killed six Israeli workers at a Gaza crossing. 3 Palestinian attackers were also killed.
    (AP, 1/14/05)(SFC, 1/14/05, p.A3)
2005        Jan 13, In Poland an anti-terrorism law that allows authorities to shoot down hijacked planes as a last resort took effect, part of efforts to protect the country from attacks similar to those of Sept. 11.
    (AP, 1/13/05)
2005        Jan 13, A Russian passenger plane with 10 people on board went missing on a flight over Siberia.
    (AP, 1/13/05)
2005        Jan 13, Saudi judicial officials said a religious court has sentenced 15 Saudis, including a woman, to as many as 250 lashes each and up to six months in prison for participating in a protest against the monarchy.
    (AP, 1/14/05)
2005        Jan 13, In Spain an explosion killed seven workers at a warehouse in the northern city of Burgos. A gas leak was suspected.
    (AP, 1/13/05)

2005        Jan 14, The US Justice Department's Office of the Inspector General released an unclassified summary of its investigation into the March, 2002, termination of Sibel Edmonds. She had discovered and reported several problems inside the FBI, including shoddy translation work, a large backlog of untranslated documents and employees with questionable alliances. The report concluded that Edmonds was fired for reporting serious security breaches and misconduct in the agency's translation program, and that many of her allegations were supported.
    (www.fbi.gov/pressrel/pressrel05/011405.htm)
2005        Jan 14, Army Specialist Charles Graner Jr., the reputed ringleader of a band of rogue guards at the Abu Ghraib prison, was convicted at Fort Hood, Texas, of abusing Iraqi detainees. He was later sentenced to 10 years in prison.
    (AP, 1/14/06)
2005        Jan 14, Oracle Corp. announced that it would fire some 5,000 employees of PeopleSoft following the recent $10.3 billion merger.
    (SFC, 1/15/05, p.A1)
2005        Jan 14, In Park City, Utah, 5 people were feared buried by a massive avalanche.
    (AP, 1/15/05)
2005        Jan 14, Charlotte MacLeod (82), mystery writer, died in Lewiston, Maine.
    (AP, 1/14/06)
2005        Jan 14, The European space probe Huygens landed on Saturn's moon Titan, sending back images of what scientists were calling the strangest landscape in the solar system. Pictures showed a pale orange surface covered by a thin haze of methane and what appears to be a methane sea complete with islands and a mist-shrouded coastline.
    (AP, 1/14/06)(http://huygens.esa.int/science-e/www/object/index.cfm?fobjectid=36280)
2005        Jan 14, Brian Blackburn (62), a retired British policeman who killed his terminally-ill wife in a suicide pact, walked free with a suspended jail sentence after the court called him a "loving husband."
    (AP, 1/14/05)
2005        Jan 14, A mentally disturbed soldier killed five of his fellow troopers during a shooting spree at an army base in southwest Colombia.
    (AP, 1/14/05)
2005        Jan 14, A strike brought the capital of the Democratic Republic of Congo to a standstill as public transport shut down and businesses remained closed in protest at the possible postponement of elections.
    (AFP, 1/14/05)
2005        Jan 14, Prague Mayor Pavel Bem got a close-up look at how the city's notorious taxi drivers operate this week when he went undercover for a ride and was overcharged by some 500 percent.
    (Reuters, 1/14/05)
2005        Jan 14, Assailants robbed and severely beat two reporters for Haiti's largest newspaper while the journalists were covering a cleanup effort by U.N. peacekeepers in a slum.
    (AP, 1/15/05)
2005        Jan 14, An Iraqi bus collided with a U.S. tank that was on patrol, killing six of the bus passengers and injuring eight.
    (AP, 1/14/05)
2005        Jan 14, Attackers fired on a bus carrying Iraqi national guard members west of Baghdad, kidnapping 15 guardsmen and leaving the bus in flames.
    (AP, 1/14/05)
2005        Jan 14, Israel sealed off the Gaza Strip but signaled it will hold off on harsh retaliation for an attack by Palestinian militants.
    (AP, 1/14/05)
2005        Jan 14, In Kosovo a Nigerian UN peacekeeper was killed when his car exploded as he drove to work.
    (WSJ, 1/14/05, p.A1)
2005        Jan 14, Over 750 Mexican federal police and soldiers seized control over the nation's top-security prison amid reports of a planned escape, possible murder plots and a jailhouse alliance between two reputed drug trafficking kingpins.
    (AP, 1/14/05)(SFC, 1/15/05, p.A3)
2005        Jan 14, Nicaragua’s feuding leaders vowed to try to solve a political crisis, a day after Congress passed a law restricting the powers of President Enrique Bolanos.
    (AP, 1/15/05)
2005        Jan 14, A Rwanda official estimated 1 million Rwandans, an eighth of the population, are expected to be tried in traditional "gacaca" village courts for alleged participation in the 1994 genocide.
    (AP, 1/16/05)
2005        Jan 14, President Hugo Chavez said that diplomatic and commercial relations with Colombia would be put on hold until it apologizes for paying bounty hunters to abduct a rebel leader from inside Venezuela.
    (AP, 1/14/05)

2005        Jan 15, A military court at Fort Hood, Texas, sentenced Army Specialist Charles Graner Jr. to 10 years behind bars for physically and sexually mistreating Iraqi prisoners at Abu Ghraib prison. Graner (42) was released from prison In Leavenworth, Kansas, on Aug 6, 2011.
    (AP, 1/15/06)(SSFC, 8/7/11, p.A10)
2005        Jan 15, Michelle Kwan won her ninth title at the U.S. Figure Skating Championships; earlier, Johnny Weir won his second straight men's title.
    (AP, 1/15/06)
2005        Jan 15, Andre Combs (16) stabbed his aunt, Kimberly Renee Johnson (37), to death at her home in East Palo Alto, Ca. Her body, hidden under a mattress in the backyard, was not found until Feb 3. In 2006 Combs pleaded self-defense but was convicted of second-degree murder. He was sentenced 15 years to life in prison.
    (SFC, 6/24/06, p.B7)(SFC, 6/27/06, p.B3)(SFC, 11/29/06, p.B5)
2005        Jan 15, Dan Lee (35), Pixar animator, died in Berkeley, Ca. His work included the design of Nemo in Pixar’s animated film “Finding Nemo.”
    (SFC, 2/1/05, p.B7)
2005        Jan 15, Ruth Warrick (88), stage and screen actress and the inveterate busybody on "All My Children," died in NY. She played Phoebe Tyler Wallingford in the TV soap opera that debuted in 1970.
    (AP, 1/18/05)
2005        Jan 15, Visiting Chancellor of the Exchequer Gordon Brown revealed that Britain has decided to cancel Mozambique's total debt to it of 150 million dollars (114 million euros) to help the southern African country combat poverty. He said: "We've also agreed to pay 10 percent of Mozambique's multilateral debt."
    (AP, 1/15/05)
2005        Jan 15, China and Taiwan agreed to allow the first direct flights since 1949.
    (AP, 1/15/05)
2005        Jan 15, Gunmen shot and killed three police officers as authorities stormed a house in Kaspiisk, a port on the Caspian Sea in the Russian province of Dagestan. Riot police and other security forces besieged a house in the provincial capital, Makhachkala, where gunmen were hiding and one officer was killed.
    (AP, 1/16/05)
2005        Jan 15, Denmark’s waterfront opera house opened in Copenhagen. Arnold Maersk McKinney Moeller put up $440 million for the project.
    (SFC, 4/17/12, p.C4)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Copenhagen_Opera_House)
2005        Jan 15, Sami Mohammed Ali Said al-Jaaf, also known as Abu Omar al-Kurdi, was arrested during a raid in Baghdad. On Jan 24 authorities announced the arrest of Al-Jaaf, an al-Qaida figure allegedly behind the vast majority of the car bombings in Baghdad.
    (AP, 1/24/05)
2005        Jan 15, In Kashmir separatist guerrillas stormed a government building in Srinagar, triggering a gunbattle with security forces days ahead of Republic Day celebrations.
    (AP, 1/15/05)
2005        Jan 15, Police and militants fought a gun battle in a small Kuwaiti town near a US military logistics center, leaving one Saudi gunman dead and two policemen wounded.
    (AP, 1/15/05)
2005        Jan 15, Mahmoud Abbas was sworn in as Palestinian Authority president. 46 members of the Palestinian election commission, including top managers, resigned saying they were pressured by Mahmoud Abbas' campaign and intelligence officials to abruptly change voting procedures during the Jan. 9 presidential poll.
    (AP, 1/15/05)
2005        Jan 15, Massive demonstrations across Russia posed a major challenge to President Vladimir Putin, and Moscow authorities bowed to the demands of protesting retirees by restoring some of their state benefits, such as free public transportation and subsidized medicine.
    (AP, 1/15/05)
2005        Jan 15, Savo Todovic (52), a Bosnian Serb wanted by the U.N. war crimes tribunal for crimes he allegedly committed during the 1992-95 war, surrendered to Bosnian Serb police.
    (AP, 1/15/05)
2005        Jan 15, Opera singer Victoria de los Angeles (81) died in Barcelona, Spain.
    (AP, 1/15/06)

2005        Jan 16, At the 62nd annual Golden Globe Awards winners included “The Aviator” for best drama picture with Leonardo DiCaprio as best actor. Hillary Swank won the best actress award for her role in “Million Dollar Baby.”
    (SFC, 1/17/05, p.D2)
2005        Jan 16, Acclaimed prison journalist Wilbert Rideau spent his first full day of freedom after being released from prison, where he'd spent nearly 44 years for the 1961 killing of Louisiana bank teller Julia Ferguson. During his time in prison Rideau received national fame for his work editing the prison newspaper, the Angolite. In 2010 Rideau authored “In the Place of Justice: A Story of Punishment and Deliverance.”
    (AP, 1/16/06)(SSFC, 5/2/10, p.F2)
2005        Jan 16, Marjorie Williams (b.1958), American journalist and political writer, died of liver cancer. In 2008 her husband Timothy Noah published “Reputation: Portraits in Power,” an anthology of her work.
    (WSJ, 10/3/08, p.W5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marjorie_Williams)
2005        Jan 16, The US military freed 81 Afghan prisoners, and the Afghan government was negotiating the release of hundreds more from American custody.
    (AP, 1/16/05)(WSJ, 1/17/05, p.A1)
2005        Jan 16, Algeria's government signed an agreement to end years of conflict with the restive Berber minority, pledging to accept long-standing demands including greater recognition of the Berber language.
    (AP, 1/16/05)
2005        Jan 16, Australian born and bred Charlie Bell (44), the first non-American to head the McDonald's chain of 30,000 burger restaurants in 119 countries, died in Sydney from cancer.
    (AP, 1/17/05)
2005        Jan 16, Croatians returned to the polls for presidential runoff. Pres. Stipe Mesic won a 2nd term in the runoff election with 66% of the vote.
    (AP, 1/17/05)
2005        Jan 16, Indonesia increased its tsunami death toll by 5,000, raising the overall number of people who died in the Dec. 26 disaster to more than 162,000.
    (AP, 1/16/05)
2005        Jan 16, In Iraq a total of 17 people were killed in the Baghdad area, including three Iraqi policemen and three Iraqi National Guard soldiers killed in separate attacks. As mourners gathered for the policemen's funeral, a suicide bomber killed another seven people.
    (AP, 1/17/05)
2005        Jan 16, A 25-hour stand-off between Islamic guerrillas and Indian forces in Srinagar, Kashmir, ended after two militants holed up inside an indoor stadium were killed by troops.
    (AP, 1/16/05)
2005        Jan 16, The first Kuwaiti released from Guantanamo Bay was taken into government custody after he arrived home.
    (AP, 1/16/05)
2005        Jan 16, A top PLO decision-making body called on Palestinian militants to halt attacks against Israel, charging that the violence gives Israel an excuse to carry out military operations.
    (AP, 1/16/05)
2005        Jan 16, Qatar Gas Transport planned the country’s largest share flotation. They recently unveiled a large LNG project with Exxon.
    (Econ, 1/8/05, p.54)
2005        Jan 16, A 66-year-old Romanian woman became the world's oldest woman recorded to give birth when she delivered a daughter by cesarean section.
    (AP, 1/17/05)
2005        Jan 16, In Russia protests by retirees against the loss of welfare benefits swept President Vladimir Putin's home city for the second straight day.
    (AP, 1/16/05)
2005        Jan 16, The armed Basque separatist group ETA threw its weight behind an initiative by its political wing to open dialogue with the Spanish government on solving the Basque problem.
    (AP, 1/16/05)
2005        Jan 16, The Sudanese government and an alliance of opposition groups reached a tentative agreement on Sudan's political future that builds on a peace accord already signed with southern rebels.
    (Reuters, 1/16/05)

2005        Jan 17, SF and other US cities held parades honoring Martin Luther King.
    (SFC, 1/18/05, p.A1)
2005        Jan 17, Virginia Mayo (b.1920), film actress, died in LA. Her over 40 films included “White Heat” (1933) and “Best years of Our Lives” (1946).
    (SFC, 1/18/05, p.B4)
2005        Jan 17, British Treasury chief Gordon Brown called on wealthy nations and international institutions to write off Africa's debt, saying debts incurred by past generations are keeping the continent poor.
    (AP, 1/17/05)
2005        Jan 17, Chinese news reports said authorities have arrested dozens of government officials and others accused in a scheme to steal 7.4 billion yuan ($900 million) from a state bank through fraudulent loans.
    (AP, 1/17/05)
2005        Jan 17, Zhao Ziyang (85), former Chinese leader (1980-1987), died after 15 years under house arrest. He was ousted as China's Communist Party leader after sympathizing with the 1989 Tiananmen Square pro-democracy protests. In 2009 a secret recording of his insights regarding the 1989 protests were translated edited and published by Bao Pu: “Prisoner of the State: The Secret Journal of Premier Zhao Ziyang.”
    (AP, 1/17/05)(SFC, 1/17/05, p.B4)(Econ, 1/22/05, p.82)(Econ, 5/23/09, p.88)
2005        Jan 17, Iranian President Mohammed Khatami arrived in Zimbabwe to a red carpet welcome from his counterpart Robert Mugabe with whom he is due to hold talks over two days.
    (AP, 1/18/05)
2005        Jan 17, Iraqi expatriates in 14 countries began registering to vote in Iraq's Jan. 30 elections.
    (AP, 1/17/06)
2005        Jan 17, Gunmen killed 8 Iraqi National Guardsmen at a checkpoint northeast of Baghdad, and 8 people died in a suicide car bombing at a police station outside the capital. Two Iraqi government auditors were shot to death after armed gunmen stopped their car in an area southeast of Baghdad. In Ramadi, officials found four bodies, three civilians and one Iraqi soldier. They bore handwritten signs declaring them collaborators.
    (AP, 1/17/05)
2005        Jan 17, Israeli warplanes attacked suspected Hezbollah targets in southern Lebanon after the guerrillas said they blew up an Israeli bulldozer in a disputed area near the border, reportedly causing casualties.
    (AP, 1/17/05)
2005        Jan 17, Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas ordered his security forces to try to prevent attacks against Israel and to investigate a shooting at a Gaza Strip crossing that killed six Israeli civilians last week.
    (AP, 1/17/05)
2005        Jan 17, Russian police stopped angry retirees from blocking traffic, the third day of protests in President Vladimir Putin's hometown against welfare benefit cutoffs.
    (AP, 1/17/05)
2005        Jan 17, In Thailand a collision on Bangkok’s new subway injured 200 and suspended service for a week. A crew error was blamed.
    (WSJ, 1/18/05, p.A1)
2005        Jan 17, Singapore said its exports expanded by 17 percent to a record high in 2004, reflecting strong demand from China for oil and commodities and solid sales of electronics and pharmaceuticals to the United States and European Union.
    (AP, 1/17/05)

2005        Jan 18, Secretary of State nominee Condoleezza Rice, at her Senate confirmation hearing, insisted the United States was fully prepared for the Iraq war and its aftermath and refused to give a timetable for U.S. troops to come home.
    (AP, 1/18/06)
2005        Jan 18, Oscar Sanchez, owner of a family restaurant in Dallas, was kidnapped in what police believed was a stage car wreck. His body was found a week later. Jose Felix, a former teacher, and  Edgar "Richie" Acevedo, a waiter at the restaurant, were responsible for the kidnapping and slaying. Within weeks Felix was captured in Chicago. In October Mexican federal authorities captured Edgar "Richie" Acevedo in Cabo San Lucas.
    (AP, 10/15/05)
2005        Jan 18, More than 900 right-wing paramilitary fighters surrendered their weapons, but a leading international rights group criticized the demobilization process and said the Colombian government is letting war criminals off the hook.
    (AP, 1/19/05)
2005        Jan 18, Cuba's National Gazette published a new resolution by the Commerce Ministry that beginning on Feb. 7, smoking will be prohibited in theaters, stores, buses, taxis and other enclosed public areas.
    (AP, 1/18/05)
2005        Jan 18, In France Airbus unveiled the 840-passenger A380, the world's biggest passenger jet, in a glitzy ceremony in which the leaders of France, Britain, Germany and Spain hailed Europe's victory over the US as the new king of the commercial skies.
    (AP, 1/18/05)
2005        Jan 18, In Iraq a suicide bombing killed three people outside the offices of a leading Shiite political party. Insurgents released a video showing 8 Chinese workers held hostage by gunmen who claim the men are employed by a construction company working with U.S. troops, in the latest abduction of foreigners in Iraq. 2 US soldiers died elsewhere.
    (AP, 1/18/05)(WSJ, 1/19/05, p.A1)
2005        Jan 18, U.S. soldiers opened fire on a car as it approached their checkpoint in northern Iraq, killing 2 civilians in the vehicle's front seats. 6 children riding in the backseat were unhurt.
    (AP, 1/19/05)
2005        Jan 18, A tsunami conference began in Japan with calls to expand warning systems.
    (WSJ, 1/19/05, p.A1)
2005        Jan 18, Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas summoned militant leaders to cease-fire talks in the Gaza Strip and said he is hopeful he can persuade them to halt attacks on Israel.
    (AP, 1/18/05)

2005        Jan 19, Previewing his second inauguration, President Bush pledged to seek unity in a nation divided by political differences, saying, "I am eager and ready for the work ahead."
    (AP, 1/19/06)
2005        Jan 19, Condoleezza Rice won strong but not unanimous endorsement as secretary of state from a Senate panel.
    (AP, 1/19/06)
2005        Jan 19, It was reported that the FBI had shelved its surveillance technology, once know as Carnivore and later renamed DCS-1000, and switched to unspecified commercial software to eavesdrop on computer traffic.
    (SFC, 1/19/05, p.A3)
2005        Jan 19, Norma McCorvey, the “Roe” of Roe vs. Wade, asked the Supreme Court to overturn the abortion ruling. Lower courts already blocked her twice.
    (WSJ, 1/20/05, p.A1)
2005        Jan 19, The US Bureau of Labor Statistics reported that the consumer price index rose 3.3% in 2004, the largest gain since 2000.
    (WSJ, 1/20/05, p.A2)
2005        Jan 19, The American Cancer Society reported that cancer had passed heart disease as the top killer of Americans age 85 and younger.
    (AP, 1/19/06)
2005        Jan 19, Donald Beardslee (61) became the 11th prisoner to be executed in California since the death penalty was reinstated in 1997.
    (AP, 12/13/05)
2005        Jan 19, Walter Wriston (85), longtime head of Citicorp and an advisor to Pres. Reagan, died in NY.
    (WSJ, 1/21/05, p.A1)(Econ, 1/29/05, p.83)
2005        Jan 19, Brazil raised its reference lending rate for a 5th consecutive month by a half point to 18.25% in an effort to curb inflation.
    (WSJ, 1/20/05, p.A12)
2005        Jan 19, PM Tony Blair said the military would not tolerate any abuse of Iraqi prisoners as new graphic photos depicting alleged mistreatment of detainees blared across the front pages of British newspapers.
    (AP, 1/19/05)
2005        Jan 19, In Canada 2 houses in Vancouver, BC, were completely destroyed and at least three people were missing after a mudslide caused by heavy rains swept down a hillside.
    (CP, 1/19/05)
2005        Jan 19, The Chinese government ordered a halt to construction at 30 big construction projects, including two at the massive Three Gorges Dam, due to alleged violations of environmental protection regulations and other concerns.
    (AP, 1/19/05)
2005        Jan 19, Strikes over job cuts and pay disrupted French rail service and hospitals.
    (AP, 1/19/05)
2005        Jan 19, The US State Department issued a warning asking Americans to defer travel to Guyana because of flooding that has killed at least two people there over the past week.
    (AP, 1/19/05)
2005        Jan 19, Indonesia's Health Ministry raised the country's death toll from the Dec. 26 tsunami to 166,320, pushing the total number of people killed in the disaster around the region above 225,000.
    (Reuters, 1/19/05)(SFC, 1/20/05, p.A4)
2005        Jan 19, A wave of car bombings shook the Iraqi capital, killing 26 people. Other attacks were reported north and south of the capital. The al-Qaida in Iraq terror group claimed that it carried out a truck bombing at the Australian Embassy in Baghdad that killed two people. A militant group posted a video on the Web showing gunmen killing execution-style two Iraqis said to have set up an Internet system in northern Iraq. American soldiers on patrol in Mosul killed three insurgents who fired on them from a car. A British security worker and an Iraqi colleague were killed in an ambush near the Beiji power station complex. Joao Jose Vasconcellos (50), a Brazilian engineer, was kidnapped in Baghdad. His remains were returned to Brazil in 2007.
    (AP, 1/19/05)(SFC, 1/20/05, p.A10)(AP, 1/20/05)(AP, 6/14/07)
2005        Jan 19, In Nigeria a fuel tanker crashed into two buses and burst into flames on a road in Lagos, killing at least 30 people.
    (AP, 1/20/05)
2005        Jan 19, The Polish government signed a deal with US defense contractor Lockheed Martin Corp. paving the way for the transfer of technology and investment to a Polish weapons producer.
    (AP, 1/19/05)
2005        Jan 19, Russia’s finance minister, Alexei Kudrin, said the government plans to compensate pensioners for lost benefits using windfall from oil receipts.
    (WSJ, 1/20/05, p.A12)

2005        Jan 20, The inauguration ceremony for Pres. Bush was held in Washington DC. Chief Justice William H. Rehnquist, ill with thyroid cancer, delivered the oath of office. Anti-Bush demonstrators jeered the president's motorcade during the inaugural parade. The event was expected to cost $40 million the administration asked DC to use 11.9 million of its federal homeland security funds to help pay costs. Pres. Bush pledged to spread democracy and support democratic movements worldwide. Thousands of people in dozens of cities across the US walked out of work and school, held mock coronations, intoned the names of the Iraq war dead and held candlelight vigils to show their disapproval of President Bush.
    (SFC, 1/20/05, p.A12)(AP, 1/21/05)(SFC, 1/21/05, p.A1)(AP, 1/20/06)
2005        Jan 20, It was reported that the global car industry had an annual excess capacity of some 24 million vehicles.
    (WSJ, 1/20/05, p.A1)
2005        Jan 20, Delta Airlines reported a record $5.2 billion loss for 2004.
    (SFC, 1/21/05, p.C1)
2005        Jan 20, Alzheimer’s scientists said they had reversed brain-cell damage in mice by clearing plaque with antibodies.
    (WSJ, 1/21/05, p.A1)
2005        Jan 20, Brazil’s central bank said Brazil posted a current-account surplus of $11.7 billion for 2004, its 2nd straight annual surplus.
    (WSJ, 1/21/05, p.A7)
2005        Jan 20, Chile, the world's biggest copper producer, and India, the world's biggest grains producer, agreed to launch talks to reduce import tariffs on some goods to boost bilateral trade.
    (AP, 1/20/05)
2005        Jan 20, Estonia's Jewish community broke ground on a new synagogue to replace the house of worship destroyed by bombing in World War II.
    (AP, 1/20/05)
2005        Jan 20, North of Baghdad 3 Iraqi army soldiers were killed by a roadside bomb in the city of Samarra. US troops launched Mosul raids. 5 suspected insurgents were killed.
    (AP, 1/20/05)(WSJ, 1/21/05, p.A1)
2005        Jan 20, Israeli officials accepted a Palestinian plan to deploy hundreds of police officers along the Gaza-Israel frontier Jan 21, in the first act of security cooperation with Israel under Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas.
    (AP, 1/20/05)
2005        Jan 20, In Mexico 6 prison workers were shot to death and left outside their lockup in Matamoros, following a federal crackdown against drug gangs at lockups across the nation.
    (AP, 1/20/05)
2005        Jan 20, It was reported that a Zimbabwe government crackdown on dissent is deepening a climate of fear ahead of parliamentary elections due in March. President Robert Mugabe appointed a new electoral commission to run parliamentary polls due in March under a law which the opposition says does not guarantee a free and fair vote.
    (AP, 1/20/05)(Reuters, 1/20/05)

2005        Jan 21, The US Bureau of Land Management (BLM) posted a decision to open thousands of acres on Alaska’s North Slope for exploratory oil drilling.
    (SFC, 1/22/05, p.A5)
2005        Jan 21, Michael Powell, US chief of the FCC, said he will step down in 2 months.
    (SFC, 1/22/05, p.A1)
2005        Jan 21, The body of Megan Leann Holden (19) was found near Stanton, Texas. Her abduction from a Wal-Mart parking lot 2 days earlier was captured on surveillance videotape. Johnny Lee Williams (24), the suspect in her murder, was arrested at an Arizona hospital after he shot during a robbery attempt.
    (SFC, 1/22/05, p.A3)
2005        Jan 21, In Belize a 2-day strike ended to protest a lawmakers vote to approve tax hikes opposed by a majority of the country's 250,000 people. Some 500 protesters clashed with police in front of Belize's House of Representatives.
    (AP, 1/22/05)
2005        Jan 21, Bulgarian President Georgy Parvanov told parliament that he would like to see Bulgaria's 450-strong troop contingent out of Iraq before the end of the year.
    (AFP, 1/21/05)
2005        Jan 21, A German policeman was stabbed in the neck with a pair of scissors and another taken hostage when a man they were trying to arrest turned violent.
    (AP, 1/21/05)
2005        Jan 21, A car bomb exploded outside a Shiite mosque in Baghdad where worshippers were celebrating a major Muslim holiday, killing at least 14 people and wounding 40. A suicide bomber left 7 people dead at a Shiite wedding party near Youssufiya.
    (AP, 1/21/05)(SFC, 1/22/05, p.A10)
2005        Jan 21, Hundreds of armed Palestinian police deployed across the northern Gaza Strip on Friday to prevent rocket fire on Israeli communities.
    (AP, 1/21/05)

2005        Jan 22, Donald Trump (58) married Slovenian model Melania Knauss (34) with all the glamour, glitz and gold that money and star power can buy.
    (AP, 1/23/05)
2005        Jan 22, On the 32nd anniversary of Roe vs. Wade rival sides of the abortion issue staged dueling marches on Market St. in SF. Some 6,000 antiabortion activists were jeered by some 3,000 advocates for abortion rights.
    (SSFC, 1/23/05, p.A1)
2005        Jan 22, Rose Mary Woods (87), President Nixon's former secretary, died in Ohio.
    (AP, 1/22/06)
2005        Jan 22, In India actress Parveen Babi, who played the siren in dozens of Bollywood films, was found dead at her suburban Bombay apartment. Babi, famed for her unconventional western looks, starred in more than 50 Hindi films mostly in the 1970s and early 1980s.
    (AP, 1/22/05)
2005        Jan 22, Iran's state-run television reported that the hard-line constitutional watchdog has decided that women can run for president in June elections.
    (AP, 1/22/05)
2005        Jan 22, Insurgents said they had executed 15 kidnapped Iraqi National Guardsmen for cooperating with U.S. forces. Insurgents decided to release 8 Chinese construction workers taken hostage in Iraq after China pledged to discourage its citizens from traveling to Iraq.
    (AP, 1/22/05)
2005        Jan 22, In Italy a war within the Camorra, the regional mafia of Naples, was reported to have claimed 35 lives over the last 4 months.
    (Econ, 1/22/05, p.46)
2005        Jan 22, In Japan the world's nations ended their tsunami conference and agreed to work together to better guard their people against natural disasters.
    (AP, 1/22/05)
2005        Jan 22, Maldivians cast votes to elect a parliament, three weeks after the election was postponed because of the Indian Ocean tsunami. Police arrested 20 opposition backers.
    (AP, 1/22/05)(WSJ, 1/24/05, p.A1)
2005        Jan 22, Consuelo Velazquez (84), whose song "Besame Mucho" became a standard in many languages and styles of music, died in Mexico City.
    (AP, 1/25/05)
2005        Jan 22, Nepali troops killed at least nine Maoist guerrillas including four women in weekend gunbattles in the west of the revolt-torn Himalayan kingdom.
    (Reuters, 1/23/05)
2005        Jan 22, Thousands of poor Russians demonstrated across Russia as part of a campaign of protest against abolition of some benefits that has dented Pres. Putin's popularity.
    (Reuters, 1/22/05)
2005        Jan 22, Somalia's government vowed to bring to justice militiamen who exhumed hundreds of skeletons from an Italian colonial-era cemetery and dumped them near Mogadishu's airport.
    (Reuters, 1/22/05)
2005        Jan 22, South Sudan leader John Garang arrived in his southern bastion for the first time since a peace accord ended Africa's longest-running civil war.
    (Reuters, 1/22/05)
2005        Jan 22, Turkey’s large debt was reported to amount to about 74% of its GDP.
    (Econ, 1/22/05, p.47)

2005        Jan 23, The Philadelphia Eagles defeated the Atlanta Falcons 27-10 to win the NFC championship game; the New England Patriots won the AFC championship by beating the Pittsburgh Steelers, 41-27.
    (AP, 1/23/06)
2005        Jan 23, Travel was slowed to a crawl at best across wide areas of the Northeast US and Canada as a huge snowstorm whipped up blizzard conditions with wind gusting to 60 mph, making highways treacherous, canceling hundreds of airline flights and slowing trains.
    (AP, 1/23/05)(WSJ, 1/24/05, p.A1)
2005        Jan 23, Johnny Carson (b.1925), the 30-year host of the "Tonight Show," died. Carson's death was the result of complications from emphysema.
    (AP, 1/24/05)
2005        Jan 23, Sir William Deakin (91), a historian who founded St. Antony's College at Oxford University, helped Winston Churchill write about World War II, and led the first British mission to Marshal Tito's partisans in Yugoslavia, died in Var, France.
    (AP, 1/25/05)
2005        Jan 23, Police said suspected leftist rebels ambushed a candidate for the legislature in India's eastern state of Bihar, killing him and three supporters. Maoist rebels in Bihar have called for a boycott of next month's vote.
    (AP, 1/23/05)
2005        Jan 23, Indonesia raised its death toll from the Dec 26 disaster by as many as 7,000 people. It confirmed 96,000 dead and 132,000 presumed dead.
    (AP, 1/23/05)(WSJ, 1/26/05, p.A1)
2005        Jan 23, Iran's hard-line leadership ruled out allowing women to run for president in June elections, denying reports in the state-run media that it had decided to allow female candidates for the first time.
    (AP, 1/23/05)
2005        Jan 23, In Iraq fire swept through the general hospital in Nasiriyah, killing 14 people and injuring 75.
    (AP, 1/23/05)
2005        Jan 23, Israeli leaders said it willing to suspend military operations against Palestinian militants if they call off attacks.
    (AP, 1/23/05)
2005        Jan 23, Lebanon's finance minister played down the transfer by Iraq's Defense Ministry of $500 million in cash to a financial institution in Beirut, saying he would expect such a transfer to be legal if it was made by the Iraqi government. Iraqi officials in early January sent some $300 million on a charter jet to Lebanon to purchase weapons from int’l. arms dealers.
    (SFC, 1/22/05, p.A10)(AP, 1/23/05)
2005        Jan 23, Viktor Yushchenko was sworn in as president of Ukraine.
    (AP, 1/23/06)

2005        Jan 24, Jeffrey Royer, former FBI agent, and Anthony Elgindy, Internet penny stock advisor, were convicted for mining government computers for confidential information to manipulate stocks.
    (SFC, 1/25/05, p.E3)(http://asensioexposed.com/elgindytrial.htm)
2005        Jan 24, China's vice president expressed a strong desire to increase economic and diplomatic cooperation with Mexico while meeting with Mexican lawmakers.
    (AP, 1/24/05)
2005        Jan 24, China and India opened a first round of "strategic dialogue", as their regional and international influence surges despite a nagging border dispute.
    (AFP, 1/24/05)
2005        Jan 24, In India P. Ravindra, former state minister and TDP leader, was gunned down outside the party office in Anantpur town. Mobs torched nearly 100 state-run buses and hurled stones at government buildings in Andhra Pradesh after an opposition politician was shot dead.
    (AP, 1/24/05)
2005        Jan 24, A suicide driver detonated a car bomb outside the prime minister's party headquarters, injuring at least 10 people in a blast claimed by the al-Qaida affiliate in Iraq.
    (AP, 1/24/05)
2005        Jan 24, Authorities in Iraq said Sami Mohammed Ali Said al-Jaaf, an al-Qaida lieutenant in custody, had confessed to masterminding most of the car bombings in Baghdad.
    (AP, 1/24/06)
2005        Jan 24, Militant groups have agreed to suspend attacks as they near a formal truce deal with Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas and await Israel's response.
    (AP, 1/24/05)
2005        Jan 24, In Thailand a tourist boat returning from Pa Ngan island capsized and at least 7 people were dead. Another 20 were missing.
    (WSJ, 1/25/05, p.A1)
2005        Jan 24, Ukraine President Viktor Yushchenko, visiting Moscow on a trip to mend relations after a bitter election campaign, appointed top ally Yulia Tymoshenko as prime minister.
    (AP, 1/24/05)
2005        Jan 24, The United Nations broke with years of protocol and commemorated the 60-year anniversary of the liberation of the Nazi death camps, directly linking its own founding with the end of the Holocaust in some of the strongest language ever.
    (AP, 1/24/06)

2005        Jan 25, The US Congressional Budget Office predicted the government will accumulate another $855 billion in deficits over the next decade. Administration officials detailed President Bush's request for $80 billion to pay for military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan this year.
    (AP, 1/25/05)
2005        Jan 25, SF and dozens of other US cities undertook a tally of their homeless competing for nearly $1.5 billion in federal funds to care for the homeless.
    (WSJ, 2/1/05, p.A1)
2005        Jan 25, Legislators in San Francisco, Ca., voted 8-3 to ban smoking in public parks, becoming the first major American city to embrace such an expansive ban on tobacco use.
    (Reuters, 1/26/05)(SFC, 1/26/05, p.A1)
2005        Jan 25, The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation pledged $750 million over 10 years to support the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization.
    (WSJ, 1/25/05, p.D6)
2005        Jan 25, Georgina Mace told a meeting of zoologists in London that 0.5% of the area of natural habitats on land is lost each year, largely due to conversion to farmland.
    (Econ, 2/5/05, p.74)
2005        Jan 25, Philip Johnson (b.1906), architect, died in Conn. His buildings included 101 California St. in SF and the AT&T building in NYC.
    (SFC, 1/27/05, p.A2)
2005        Jan 25, Ethiopia’s government said it has began giving free doses of life-prolonging drugs to about 14,000 HIV-infected Ethiopians in a US-funded program.
    (AP, 1/25/05)
2005        Jan 25, Paris' new memorial to the Holocaust was inaugurated, with President Chirac bowing before the wall inscribed with the names of 76,000 Jews sent to Nazi death camps from France.
    (AP, 1/25/05)
2005        Jan 25, In western India thousands of Hindus panicked during a religious procession, when fire broke out in roadside stalls. The resulting stampede killed at least 258 people near the village of Wai.
    (AP, 1/25/05)(AP, 1/26/05)
2005        Jan 25, In Iraq gunmen assassinated a senior judge. Roy Hallums, an American hostage kidnapped in November, pleaded for his life with a rifle pointed at his head in a newly released video. Hallums was rescued by coalition troops on Sept. 7, 2005. 11 Iraqi police died in clashes. 6 US soldiers died, including 5 in a vehicle crash north of Baghdad.
    (WSJ, 1/26/05, p.A1)(AP, 1/25/06)
2005        Jan 25, Irish Prime Minister Bertie Ahern prepared to meet with Sinn Fein leaders, in his first talks with the IRA-linked party since the Dec 20 bank theft.
    (AP, 1/25/05)
2005        Jan 25, The top Hamas leader said his militant group is prepared to suspend attacks if Israel stops targeting militants and agrees to release thousands of Palestinian prisoners.
    (AP, 1/25/05)

2005        Jan 26, Condoleezza Rice was sworn in as secretary of state, following her confirmation by the Senate.
    (AP, 1/26/06)
2005        Jan 26, In Glendale, Ca., a Metrolink commuter train struck a vehicle, derailed and sideswiped another train, killing 11 people and injuring about 180 others. Juan Manuel Alvarez (25) left his SUV on a railroad track after changing his mind about committing suicide. Alvarez was convicted in 2008 on 11 counts of murder and was sentenced to 11 consecutive life terms in prison. In 2009 Metrolink agreed to pay some $30 million to settle most of the lawsuits related to the derailment.
    (AP, 1/27/05)(SFC, 1/27/05, p.A1)(SFC, 8/21/08, p.A3)(SFC, 10/14/09, p.A6)
2005        Jan 26, In Ohio an employee at the Toledo North Assembly Jeep plant shot 3 co-workers, killing one, before taking his own life.
    (SFC, 1/27/05, p.A3)
2005        Jan 26, Afghan President Hamid Karzai started a two-day visit to Iran mainly focused on boosting economic relations and inaugurating a new cross-border highway.
    (AFP, 1/26/05)
2005        Jan 26, China’s central bank said a nationwide personal credit database will be available across the country by the end of the year. The database was launched in January, 2006, and included records of 340 million individuals.
    (WSJ, 1/27/05, p.A10)(WSJ, 1/17/06, p.A15)
2005        Jan 26, A US military transport helicopter crashed in bad weather in Iraq's western desert, killing 31 people, all believed to be Marines. Insurgents killed five other American troops.
    (AP, 1/26/05)
2005        Jan 26, A suicide car bomber attacked an office of a major Kurdish party, killing or injuring at least 20 people.
    (AP, 1/26/05)
2005        Jan 26, Israel and the Palestinian Authority resumed diplomatic contacts after a two-week freeze, and Israel agreed to suspend targeted killings of Palestinian militants.
    (AP, 1/26/05)
2005        Jan 26, At his first public hearing prosecutors said Mohammed Bouyeri (26), the alleged killer of Dutch filmmaker Theo van Gogh, ignored his victim's pleas for mercy and calmly shot him at close range before slitting his throat.
    (AP, 1/26/05)
2005        Jan 26, A South Korean semiconductor maker said it had pioneered an innovation that will allow energy efficient light-emitting diodes to light homes (LED for AC).
    (AP, 1/26/05)
2005        Jan 26, The Sudanese air force bombed villagers in South Darfur, observers from the African Union reported, and an international aid organization said casualties were inflicted. The UN said renewed fighting in Sudan's Darfur region may have killed up to 105 civilians and displaced more than 9,000 last week.
    (AP, 1/26/05)
2005        Jan 26, The World Economic Forum, the global business meeting that attracts world leaders and Hollywood stars, opened in Davos, Switzerland. A Chinese economist said that China has lost faith in the stability of the US dollar and would seek to broaden the exchange rate for the yuan to a more flexible basket of currencies.
    (AP, 1/26/05)(SFC, 1/27/05, p.C1)
2005        Jan 26, The 5th annual World Social Forum opened in Porto Alegre, Brazil. Activists from some 4,000 non-governmental organizations and 112 countries gathered under the theme “Another World Is Possible.”
    (SFC, 1/29/05, p.A6)

2005        Jan 27, Condoleezza Rice, in her first day as Secretary of State, reached out to European allies and partners in the war on terrorism and echoed President Bush's inaugural charge to promote liberty across the globe.
    (AP, 1/27/06)
2005        Jan 27, P&G announced a $55 billion deal to  buy Gillette Corp.
    (SFC, 1/28/05, p.C1)
2005        Jan 27, An Afghan soldier opened fire inside a US base and killed 5 of his comrades.
    (SFC, 1/28/05, p.A3)
2005        Jan 27, In northeastern Bangladesh a bomb exploded at an opposition rally, killing two people and wounding at least 30.
    (Reuters, 1/27/05)
2005        Jan 27, Egypt admitted to failing to signal a "number of research experiments" to the IAEA, after diplomats said the agency was investigating an Egyptian lab that could be used to make plutonium, a nuclear weapons material.
    (AFP, 2/14/05)
2005        Jan 27, In Poland frail survivors and humbled world leaders remembered the victims of the Holocaust as they marked the 60th anniversary of the liberation of the Nazi death camp Auschwitz.
    (AP, 1/27/06)
2005        Jan 27, India has decided to open the main airport in disputed Kashmir to international flights to draw more tourists to the scenic Himalayan region.
    (Reuters, 1/27/05)
2005        Jan 27, Indonesian Pres. Yudhoyono rebels in Aceh amnesty and greater autonomy in exchange for a cease-fire on the eve of new peace talks I Helsinki. Japanese troops arrived in Aceh to take over aid tasks from US forces.
    (SFC, 1/28/05, p.A10)(WSJ, 1/28/05, p.A1)
2005        Jan 27, Eleven Iraqis and one US Marine were killed as insurgents clashed with US troops and blew up a school slated to serve as a polling center. Authorities found the bodies of four Iraqi National Guardsmen who had been shot dead in Ramadi, capital of the troubled Anbar province.
    (AP, 1/27/05)(AP, 1/28/05)
2005        Jan 27, It was reported that Japan’s trade with China in 2004 exceeded its trade with the US for the 1st time. This included figures for Hong Kong.
    (WSJ, 1/27/05, p.A10)
2005        Jan 27, Jordan’s King Abdullah II said he would introduce some limited democratic reforms in his kingdom.
    (AP, 1/27/05)
2005        Jan 27, Pakistani police arrested 23 Afghans in raids in the border city of Quetta on suspicion of links with Taliban and Osama bin Laden's al-Qaida network.
    (AP, 1/28/05)
2005        Jan 27, The Palestinian leadership banned civilians from carrying weapons, its latest step aimed at reigning in militant violence.
    (AP, 1/27/05)
2005        Jan 27, In southern Russia hundreds of police and soldiers stormed an apartment building in Nalchik, the regional capital of the province of Kabardino-Balkariya, killing seven suspected Islamic extremists linked to Chechen rebels after a two-day standoff.
    (AP, 1/27/05)(Econ, 2/12/05, p.21)
2005        Jan 27, Taiwan formally severed ties with Grenada after accusing the tiny Caribbean island of trying to exploit the rivalry between China and Taiwan to get more financial aid.
    (AP, 1/27/05)

2005        Jan 28, Senate Democrats criticized President Bush's plan to add personal accounts to Social Security and accused his administration of improperly using the Social Security Administration to promote the idea.
    (AP, 1/28/06)
2005        Jan 28, Procter & Gamble, under CEO Alan G. Lafley (b.1947), announced the largest acquisition in its history, agreeing to buy Gillette in a $57 billion deal. Gillette CEO James Kilts stood to reap over $153 million.
    (WSJ, 1/31/05, p.A1)(WSJ, 6/1/05, p.A16)
2005        Jan 28, According to an insider's written account, female interrogators tried to break Muslim detainees at the US prison camp in Guantanamo Bay by using techniques such as sexual touching, wearing a miniskirt and thong underwear.
    (AP, 1/28/05)
2005        Jan 28, Bolivia’s Pres. Mesa agreed to allow Santa Cruz residents to elect their own local leaders and hold a national referendum that could extend greater autonomy to other provinces.
    (AP, 1/28/05)
2005        Jan 28, In Chile Retired Gen. Manuel Contreras, the chief of the feared security service of former dictator Gen. Augusto Pinochet, was forcefully arrested at his home and sent to prison with four of his top aides after being convicted in an emblematic human rights case.
    (AP, 1/28/05)
2005        Jan 28, Colombia and Venezuela announced a settlement in a bitter dispute over the capture of a Colombian rebel on Venezuelan soil.
    (AP, 1/29/05)
2005        Jan 28, India took a major step to reform its financial sector and boost the country's stock markets by allowing non-government pension funds to invest up to 5 percent of their portfolios in equities.
    (AP, 1/28/05)
2005        Jan 28, Iraq battened down for the 1st free balloting in half a century, imposing a 7 p.m.-6 a.m. curfew and closing Baghdad Int’l Airport. 5 US soldiers were killed in the capital and insurgents blasted polling stations across the country. Iraqis overseas began three days of voting in 14 nations.
    (AP, 1/28/05)
2005        Jan 28, Authorities in Iraq said they have arrested three close associates of Abu Musab al-Zarqawi. In southern Iraq a roadside bomb hit an Iraqi police vehicle, killing one officer. 2 American soldiers were killed in two separate incidents in Baghdad.
    (AP, 1/28/05)
2005        Jan 28, Israel's army chief ordered troops to halt operations in the Gaza Strip and to scale back raids in the West Bank, as hundreds of Palestinian police deployed in the volatile central and southern parts of the territory.
    (AP, 1/28/05)
2005        Jan 28, In Nicaragua Eugenio Hernandez, who served as mayor of El Ayote from 1990 to 2000, was sentenced to 25 years in prison in the Nov 9 slaying of Maria Jose Bravo (26), a reporter who was investigating an electoral dispute.
    (AP, 1/29/05)
2005        Jan 28, Election officials said the Hamas won an overwhelming victory in local elections in Gaza towns in a setback for the Fatah Party of Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas.
    (AP, 1/28/05)

2005        Jan 29, Clint Eastwood won the Directors Guild prize for his boxing saga “Million Dollar Baby.”
    (SSFC, 1/30/05, p.A2)
2005        Jan 29, Ashley McElhiney, the first female coach of a men's pro basketball team, was fired after an on-court dispute with Sally Anthony, co-owner of the Nashville Rhythm of the ABA.
    (AP, 1/29/06)
2005        Jan 29, Nine Afghan soldiers died and another was seriously injured when a mine exploded near their vehicle as they traveled close to the Pakistani border.
    (AP, 1/29/05)
2005        Jan 29, Chinese jetliners touched down in Taiwan, completing the first nonstop flights between the rivals since a bloody civil war split the two sides 56 years ago.
    (AP, 1/29/05)
2005        Jan 29, In Colombia government troops discovered one of the biggest FARC rebel munitions factories in the jungles of southern Guaviare state.
    (AP, 2/2/05)
2005        Jan 29, A UN spokesman said militiamen armed with guns and machetes killed 16 people and kidnapped at least 34 girls in attacks this week on a remote area of eastern Congo.
    (AP, 1/29/05)
2005        Jan 29, In insurgency-hit Indian Kashmir voters turned out in big numbers to cast ballots in the first leg of municipal polls to be held in over a quarter of a century.
    (AFP, 1/29/05)
2005        Jan 29, In northern Kenya fighting over the last 2 weeks between the Garre and Murule clans forced 30,000 people to flee and left 30 people dead. Recent fighting between Masai and Kikuyu left 10-30 people dead.
    (Econ, 1/29/05, p.46)
2005        Jan 29, A suicide bomber attacked a police station in a Kurdish town, killing 8 people, and insurgents blasted polling places in several cities on the eve of landmark elections.
    (AP, 1/29/05)
2005        Jan 29, Libya granted its first oil exploration licenses in over four decades, awarding 15 permits to foreign companies, with US companies taking the lion's share. PM Shukri Ghanem said Libya has opted for a policy of open communication with total transparence."
    (AP, 1/29/05)
2005        Jan 29, In Russia the fragmented opposition gathered pace as thousands of communists, liberals and radical youth activists joined forces to protest against the loss of Soviet-era benefits.
    (Reuters, 1/29/05)
2005        Jan 29, In Sudan police clashed with rioting tribesmen in the Red Sea coastal city of Port Sudan, leaving at least 17 people dead and 16 injured. A tribal representative claimed 23 people were dead and 100 others were wounded.
    (AP, 1/29/05)(Econ, 10/1/05, p.43)

2005        Jan 30, In Georgia more than 300,000 customers had no electricity as crews worked to repair power lines snapped by an ice storm.
    (AP, 1/30/05)
2005        Jan 30, SBC Communications agreed to acquire AT&T in a $16 billion transaction.
    (WSJ, 1/31/05, p.A1)
2005        Jan 30, Researchers at the University of Wisconsin in Madison reported that they've whipped up a new recipe that could someday treat spinal cord injuries or provide a cure for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, better known as Lou Gehrig's disease.
    (AP, 1/31/05)
2005        Jan 30, In much of Bangladesh traffic ground to a halt and shops closed as a nationwide strike, protesting a deadly grenade attack on the main opposition party, entered a 2nd day.
    (AFP, 1/30/05)
2005        Jan 30, In Colombia a 126-member unit of the United Self-Defense Forces (AUC) disbanded in Ciudad Bolivar, 155 miles northeast of Bogota, bringing to at least 4,700 the number of fighters who have demobilized in the past two years.
    (AP, 1/30/05)
2005        Jan 30, Iraqis voted to elect 275 members of a transitional national assembly, which will write a constitution; 111 members of the Kurdish legislature; and local councils in Iraq’s 18 provinces. Insurgents struck polling stations with a string of suicide bombings and mortar volleys, killing at least 44 people, including 9 attackers. 5 people were killed and 17 injured when a suicide attacker blew himself up aboard a minibus bound for a polling station in central Iraq. 260 attacks left 34 people dead. Security problems in Mosul kept some 15,000 from polls.
    (AP, 1/30/05)(SFC, 2/1/05, p.A1)(WSJ, 2/8/05, p.A1)
2005        Jan 30, A British C-130 military transport plane crashed north of Baghdad in Iraq killing 10 troops. An Iraqi insurgent group claimed responsibility for shooting down the plane in an Internet statement.
    (AP, 1/31/05)
2005        Jan 30, More than 100,000 demonstrators gathered in Jerusalem to protest PM Ariel Sharon's plan to evacuate all 21 Jewish settlements from Gaza and four from the West Bank, demanding it be put to a national referendum.
    (AP, 1/30/05)
2005        Jan 30, Israeli troops killed a 65-year-old man who entered an unauthorized area near an army post.
    (AP, 1/31/05)
2005        Jan 30, Kuwaiti security forces stormed a building in a residential part of the capital and exchanged gunfire with suspected terrorists, killing one suspect in a battle that also left a security officer and a bystander dead.
    (AP, 1/30/05)
2005        Jan 30, In Northern Ireland’s Catholic enclave of Short Strand Robert McCartney (33), a Catholic forklift driver, was stabbed to death outside a pub crowded with Provisional IRA men. On June 3 Terence Davison (49), a reputed IRA veteran, was charged in the murder. In 2008 Davison was acquitted. In 2012 McCartney’s sisters decided to testify against Padraic Wilson (53), an IRA veteran and Sinn Fein activist.
    (Econ, 2/26/05, p.55)(SFC, 6/4/05, p.A3)(SSFC, 6/5/05, p.A3)(AP, 1/30/08)(AFP, 6/27/08)(AP, 11/3/12)
2005        Jan 30, OPEC warned that oil prices, already hovering near $50 a barrel, would remain high through the spring, even as the cartel decided to keep its production ceiling at 27 million barrels a day.
    (AP, 1/30/05)
2005        Jan 30, In Karachi, Pakistan, gunmen riding three motorcycles opened fire outside a Sunni Muslim mosque, killing a Sunni cleric who once belonged to an outlawed group suspected of committing sectarian violence and his bodyguard.
    (AP, 1/30/05)
2005        Jan 30, UN Secretary General Kofi Annan, at a summit of the 53-member African Union in Abuja, Nigeria, urged pan-African cooperation to resolve conflicts.
    (AFP, 1/30/05)
2005        Jan 30, The World Economic Forum ended 5 days of talks in Davos, Switz. Chinese Vice Premier Huang Ju said Chinese per capita income will triple during the next 15 years and there was no reason for the world to fear his country's emergence as a global giant. During the forum Nicholas Negroponte, founder of the MIT Media Lab, proposed providing personal laptops for under $100 to school children in the poorest parts of the world.
    (AP, 1/30/05)(Econ, 10/1/05, p.62)

2005        Jan 31, US energy officials said Enron Corp. made over $1.6 billion during the energy crises in 11 Western states from Jan 16, 1997 to June 25, 2003.
    (SFC, 2/1/05, p.E1)
2005        Jan 31, The US government released a list of 17 new carcinogens that included X-rays, some viruses and chemicals used in frying and grilling meat.
    (SFC, 2/1/05, p.A1)
2005        Jan 31, Marsh & McClennan Cos. reached an $850 million settlement of civil fraud charges with NY state’s attorney Eliot Spitzer and the state insurance department.
    (WSJ, 1/31/05, p.C1)
2005        Jan 31, The Bond Market Association (BMA) began displaying prices of municipal bond trades within 15 minutes of completion. Real time for virtually all corporate bond prices was expected by Feb 7.
    (Econ, 2/5/05, p.70)
2005        Jan 31, Jury selection began in Santa Maria, Calif., for Michael Jackson's child molestation trial. Jackson was later acquitted.
    (AP, 1/31/06)
2005        Jan 31, SBC Communications Inc. announced it was acquiring AT&T Corp. for $16 billion.
    (AP, 1/31/06)
2005        Jan 31, In Brazil leftist activists opposed to the spread of American influence ended the fifth World Social Forum with a protest against unfettered capitalism and the war in Iraq.
    (AP, 1/31/05)
2005        Jan 31, EU foreign ministers agreed to restore normal diplomatic relations with the Cuban government while pledging to increase contacts with critics of Pres. Fidel Castro.
    (AP, 1/31/05)
2005        Jan 31, in Egypt Ayman al-Nur, the head of an opposition party, denounced his arrest on forgery charges, telling a court it was a strike against political reform, while human rights groups said the moves against him could be a message to other opposition groups.
    (AP, 2/1/05)
2005        Jan 31, France Telecom, Europe's second-largest telecommunications operator, announced plans to cut 8,000 jobs in 2005, mostly in France.
    (AP, 1/31/05)
2005        Jan 31, Kamal Nath, India’s Commerce and Industry Minister, said the Indian parliament will shortly ratify new legislation protecting drug patents, paving the way for the country to become a major pharmaceutical research centre.
    (AP, 1/31/05)
2005        Jan 31, A UN official said nearly 800,000 people will need food aid in Indonesia's Aceh province in the aftermath of the devastating Dec. 26 tsunami as the country's death toll from the disaster jumped by 5,000 for the 2nd day in a row. The overall death toll stood between 156,000 and 178,000 across 11 nations, with an estimated 26,500 to 142,000 missing, most of whom are presumed dead.
    (AP, 1/31/05)
2005        Jan 31, Prime Minister Ayad Allawi, Iraq's interim leader, called on his countrymen to set aside their differences, while local precincts finished a first-phase count of millions of ballots from the weekend election.
    (AP, 1/31/05)
2005        Jan 31, US guards in southern Iraq opened fire on prisoners during a riot at the detention facility for security detainees at Umm Qasr, killing 4 of them. 6 other prisoners were injured.
    (AP, 1/31/05)
2005        Jan 31, Jewish settlers and their supporters protested outside parliament for a 2nd day against Israel's planned withdrawal from Palestinian territories. Palestinian officials said a 10-year-old Palestinian girl was shot and killed by Israeli tank fire at a UN school in the Rafah refugee camp.
    (AP, 1/31/05)
2005        Jan 31, Kuwaiti police stormed several suspected terror hideouts, arresting a reputed terror leader and sparking a gunbattle that killed five people, including four of his followers.
    (AP, 1/31/05)
2005        Jan 31, In Nigeria African leaders pledged to send more peacekeeping troops to conflict zones, especially the western Sudan region of Darfur, and to boost their role in world affairs.
    (AP, 2/1/05)
2005        Jan 31, A UN-appointed commission accused the Sudanese government of gross, systematic human rights violations in Darfur, but stopped short of labeling the violence in the region as genocide.
    (AP, 1/31/05)

2005        Jan, US government prosecutors charged Monsanto Corp. for payoffs to officials in Indonesia during efforts (1998-2003) to sell genetically modified seed there. Monsanto agreed to pay $1.5 million to settle the charges.
    (WSJ, 4/5/05, p.A1)
2005        Jan, Suzan Shown Harjo, a Cheyenne and Muscogee Indian, exhausted with yet another one of her relatives dying of diabetes, zoned in on fry bread as a culprit and whipped out a column for Indian Country Today declaring it junk food that leads to fat Indians.
    (AP, 8/20/05)
2005        Jan, A 220-page UN report on atrocities in Afghanistan was scheduled for release but kept under wraps for the next 18 months. Publication was expected in mid-2006.
    (SFC, 6/17/06, p.A1)
2005        Jan, The European Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS), a market for carbon emission permits, was created to help EU countries meet their commitment to cut emissions under the Kyoto Protocol. It covered 5 industries, and 13,000 factories and plants, rated as particularly dirty. A 2nd phase of ETS would run from 2008-2012.
    (Econ, 5/6/06, p.75)(Econ, 6/10/06, p.69)(Econ, 12/2/06, p.56)
2005        Jan, India’s oil minister Mani Shankar Aiyar persuaded Bangladesh in principle to become partner in a pipeline to bring gas from Myanmar to India.
    (Econ, 2/26/05, p.42)
2005        Jan, Iraqi officials sent $300 million in dollar bills on a charter jet to Lebanon to purchase weapons from int’l. arms dealers.
    (SFC, 1/22/05, p.A10)
2005        Jan, Morocco’s parliament approved a free trade agreement with the US.
    (SFCM, 3/27/05, p.14)
2005        Jan, The Moscow Bureau for Human Rights reported that some 50,000 neo-Nazis live in Russia. Neo-Nazis were responsible for at least 44 people killed across Russia in 2004.
    (SSFC, 8/14/05, p.A3)
2005        Jan, A mobile-TV service was launched in South Korea. By September 2008 mobile-TV services had garnered some 7.5 million customers.
    (Econ, 9/10/05, p.59)(Econ, 9/8/07, p.69)
2005        Jan-2005 Dec, The UN named 2005 as the year of Microcredit.
    (Econ, 12/17/05, p.74)

2005        Feb 1, Russell Christoff, kindergarten teacher in Antioch, Ca., found out that he was awarded $15.6 million for a Taster’s Choice modeling photo taken in 1986.
    (SFC, 2/1/05, p.A2)
2005        Feb 1, HP researchers introduced groundbreaking nanotechnology that could replace traditional transistors on computer chips.
    (SFC, 2/1/05, p.A1)
2005        Feb 1, Sun Microsystems began selling information technology on a pay-per-use basis offering customers access to computing power for $1 per hour.
    (SFC, 2/1/05, p.A1)
2005        Feb 1, Character actor John Vernon (72), who'd played nasty Dean Wormer in "National Lampoon's Animal House," died in Los Angeles.
    (AP, 2/1/06)
2005        Feb 1, The Canadian government introduced its contentious same-sex marriage bill in Parliament, seeking to legalize gay marriage nationwide over the objections of the Roman Catholic Church and other conservative clergy.
    (AP, 2/2/05)
2005        Feb 1, China lent Russia $6 billion to help finance the nationalization of OAO Yukos. The loan was in effect a forward payment for some 48 million metric tons of crude oil.
    (WSJ, 2/2/05, p.A2)
2005        Feb 1, In southwest Colombia leftist rebels attacked a Colombian Marine post with homemade rockets, killing at least 14 soldiers and wounding about 25.
    (AP, 2/1/05)
2005        Feb 1, Egyptian security forces clashed with Islamic militants in the mountains of Sinai, killing a suspect in last year's deadly bombings of beach resorts on the peninsula.
    (AP, 2/1/05)
2005        Feb 1, In Gori, Georgia, a car bomb exploded outside a police station, killing three policemen and injuring 13 other people.
    (AP, 2/1/05)
2005        Feb 1, Indonesia announced that it found the bodies of 1,000 additional victims from the Dec 26 tsunami disaster.
    (AP, 2/1/05)
2005        Feb 1, A group led by Jordanian militant Abu Musab al-Zarqawi claimed to have captured the four Iraqi National Guard soldiers after Sunday's elections.
    (AP, 2/1/05)
2005        Feb 1, Malawi Health Minister Heatherwick Ntaba said AIDS kills about 10 people every hour in Malawi and the government is increasingly unable to cope with the crisis.
    (Reuters, 2/2/05)
2005        Feb 1, Nepal's King Gyanendra dismissed government of PM Sher Bahadur Deuba and imposed a state of emergency, cutting off his Himalayan nation from the rest of the world as telephone and Internet lines were severed, flights diverted and civil liberties severely curtailed.
    (AP, 2/1/05)(AFP, 2/13/06)
2005        Feb 1, Russia’s finance minister said windfall oil export revenues will be used to repay nearly $3.3 billion in International Monetary Fund loans early, saving the country some $200 million in interest payments.
    (AP, 2/1/05)
2005        Feb 1, Pope John Paul II was hospitalized for breathing problems and the flu.
    (AP, 2/1/06)
2005        Feb 1, Venezuela’s Pres. Chavez said he intends to sell his country’s interests in 8 US oil refineries.
    (WSJ, 2/2/05, p.A2)

2005        Feb 2, President Bush showcased his Social Security plan and claimed advances on jobs and against terrorism in his State of the Union address. Bush called for changes in Social Security that would combine reduced government benefits for younger workers with "a chance to build a nest egg" through personal accounts.
    (AP, 2/3/05)(AP, 2/2/06)
2005        Feb 2, The US Federal Open Market Committee, for the 6th straight meeting, increased its target for overnight interest rates by a quarter percentage point to 2.50% and signaled that rates will rise further in coming months.
    (AP, 2/2/05)
2005        Feb 2, The US said that North Korea's nuclear initiative is a threat to world peace and urged the secretive regime in Pyongyang to resume talks aimed at ending the program.
    (AP, 2/2/05)
2005        Feb 2, Matthew Carrington (21), a student at Cal State Chico, died of heart failure after drinking excessive amounts of water while doing calisthenics during a hazing ritual for the Chi Tau fraternity.
    (SFC, 1/18/07, p.A5)
2005        Feb 2, China and Russia agreed to set up a new body to consult more closely on security issues.
    (AP, 2/2/05)
2005        Feb 2, Marxist rebels in southern Colombia ambushed an army convoy with explosives and gunfire, killing 8 soldiers and wounding 4 others.
    (AP, 2/3/05)
2005        Feb 2, The EU told Italy, France and Germany, to do more to bring their budgets in balance as required by the rules of Europe's single currency.
    (AP, 2/2/05)
2005        Feb 2, French Pres. Jacques Chirac planned to visit Senegal for the first time in a decade, hoping to boost ties with a former West African colony at a time when the US is raising its military profile in the region.
    (AP, 2/1/05)
2005        Feb 2, Max Schmeling (b.1905), the heavyweight champion whose two fights with Joe Louis set off a propaganda war between the Nazi regime and the US on the eve of World War II, died at age 99 at his home in Hollenstedt, Germany.
    (AP, 2/4/05)
2005        Feb 2, India’s Finance Minister Palaniappan Chidambaram said India has raised the interest rate for its largest pension fund, the Employees Provident Fund (EPF), to 9.5%. India raised the foreign investment cap in telecoms companies to 74% from 49%.
    (Reuters, 2/2/05)
2005        Feb 2, Abdul-Aziz al-Hakim, the Shiite Muslim who heads the ticket expected to have won the largest number of parliamentary seats in Iraq's election, indicated that his group wants the post of prime minister in the new government. Leading Sunni Muslim clerics said the country's landmark elections lacked legitimacy because large numbers of Sunnis did not participate in the balloting, which the clerics had asked them to boycott.
    (AP, 2/2/05)
2005        Feb 2, In Iraq 2 civilians were killed and six injured when insurgents fired mortar shells at a U.S. base in Tal Afar, 30 miles west of Mosul.
    (AP, 2/3/05)
2005        Feb 2, Kurdish leader Massoud Barzani outlined a set of demands for Shiite political parties and said Kurds would back only Shiites willing to maintain the current Kurd autonomy.
    (WSJ, 2/3/05, p.A15)
2005        Feb 2, Armando Guebuza was sworn in as president of Mozambique.
    (Econ, 2/5/05, p.48)(www.voanews.com/english/2005-02-02-voa28.cfm)
2005        Feb 2, Nepal’s King Gyanendra announced a 10-member Cabinet dominated by his own supporters, one day after he dismissed the government.
    (AP, 2/2/05)
2005        Feb 2, Russia's government said the country's economy grew by 7.1 percent last year, an increase in its preliminary estimates.
    (AP, 2/2/05)

2005        Feb 3, Alberto Gonzales won US Senate confirmation as attorney general.
    (AP, 2/3/06)
2005        Feb 3, According to audio transcripts and documents unveiled by a public utility north of Seattle, fallen energy giant Enron Corp. was running scams to drive up the cost of power years before the 2000-01 West Coast energy crisis.
    (AP, 2/3/05)
2005        Feb 3, Boeing Co. said it has a preliminary agreement with Libya's Buraq Air to buy as many as six airplanes in a deal that could be worth nearly $370 million.
    (AP, 2/3/05)
2005        Feb 3, Ernst Mayr (b.1904), German born evolutionary biologist, died in Bedford, Mass. The central focus of his work was “geographic speciation.” His books included “Systematics and the Origen of the Species” (1942).
    (SFC, 2/4/05, p.B7)(Econ, 2/12/05, p.85)
2005        Feb 3, An Afghan passenger jet carrying 104 people disappeared from radar screens during a snowstorm near the mountain-ringed capital. NATO helicopters found the wreckage of 2 days later. There were no survivors.
    (AP, 2/4/05)(AP, 2/5/05)
2005        Feb 3, Bolivia’s Pres. Carlos Mesa shuffled his cabinet in the wake of street protests calling for regional autonomy and objecting to a planned increase in the price of fuel oil.
    (AP, 2/3/05)
2005        Feb 3, The US embassy in Phnom Penh condemned the Cambodian parliament's vote to strip opposition leader Sam Rainsy and two of his deputies of immunity.
    (AP, 2/3/05)
2005        Feb 3, Chechnya's Russian-backed government dismissed a rebel February cease-fire declaration, saying it was a publicity stunt that could not be trusted.
    (AP, 2/3/05)(WSJ, 2/3/05, p.A1)
2005        Feb 3, PM Zurab Zhvania, who helped lead Georgia's revolution that toppled the corruption-tainted regime of Eduard Shevardnadze, died in a friend's apartment from what officials claimed was an accidental gas leak from a heater.
    (AP, 2/3/05)
2005        Feb 3, In central India at least 25 people were killed when a passenger train collided with a tractor pulling a trailer full of people.
    (AP, 2/3/05)
2005        Feb 3, Iran and Syria rejected President Bush's charges that they sponsored terrorism. An Iranian official called the claims groundless. The Syrian information minister said the democracy America seeks for the Middle East could not come through force.
    (AP, 2/3/05)
2005        Feb 3, Insurgents struck back with a vengeance following a post-election lull, waylaying a minibus carrying new Iraqi army recruits, firing on Iraqis heading for work at a U.S. base and gunning down an Iraqi soldier in the capital. At least 18 people, including 2 Marines, died in insurgent-related incidents.
    (AP, 2/3/05)
2005        Feb 3, Israeli Cabinet ministers approved the release of 900 Palestinian prisoners and a military pullout from the West Bank town of Jericho within days.
    (AP, 2/3/05)
2005        Feb 3, Hamas leader Khaled Mashaal said that fugitives in his Palestinian group would not sign pledges to halt attacks because that would negate the legitimacy of their right to fight the Israeli occupation.
    (AP, 2/3/05)
2005        Feb 3, The Kremlin said President Vladimir Putin has signed a resolution that would have Russian troops join a proposed U.N. peacekeeping operation in Sudan.
    (AP, 2/3/05)
2005        Feb 3, In Sudan the pilot of a cargo plane that was losing altitude steered away from a built-up area and crashed in open space outside Khartoum, killing 7 crew members.
    (AP, 2/3/05)
2005        Feb 3, An interim UN report zeroed in on the chief of the oil-for-food program, Benon Sevan, saying Saddam Hussein's regime awarded oil allocations in his name to a trading company between 1998 and 2001.
    (AP, 2/4/05)

2005        Feb 4, Kevin Shelley resigned as California’s secretary of state amidst allegations of questionable fund raising and misuse of federal voting funds.
    (SFC, 2/4/05, p.A1)
2005        Feb 4, John and Linda Dollar, a Florida couple accused of torturing and starving five adopted children, were captured in southeastern Utah.
    (AP, 2/5/05)
2005        Feb 4, Boeing said Ethiopian Airlines plans to acquire up to 10 of Boeing Co.'s new 787s at an overall cost of about $1.3 billion.
    (AP, 2/4/05)
2005        Feb 4, It was reported that California’s mysterious explosion of autism cases increased by 13% in 2004. State services for autism had increased from some 5,000 in 1993 to 26,000 in 2004. The US federal Dept. of Education reported that autism in schoolchildren increased 1,700% nationally from 1992 to 2002.
    (SFC, 2/4/05, p.A1)
2005        Feb 4, Ossie Davis (87), an actor distinguished for roles dealing with racial injustice on stage, screen and in real life, was found dead in his hotel room in Miami. He was best known as the husband and partner of actress Ruby Dee.
    (AP, 2/4/05)
2005        Feb 4, Brazil’s annual pre-Lenten Carnival got under way. It's long been an open secret that Rio's annual samba parade is largely funded by the kingpins of an illegal numbers game known here as the "jogo do bicho," Portuguese for animal game.
    (AP, 2/5/05)
2005        Feb 4, Guatemala's highest court said it cannot try soldiers charged with participating in a wartime massacre of more than 300 civilians until a separate court determines if the country's postwar reconciliation law bars such prosecution.
    (AP, 2/4/05)
2005        Feb 4, Diplomats said Iran has agreed to give the UN nuclear watchdog agency a fresh look at a military complex linked by the US to possible atomic arms research.
    (AP, 2/4/05)
2005        Feb 4, Gunmen seized Giuliana Sgrena, an Italian journalist in central Baghdad, in a hail of gunfire after she had been interviewing people who fled the US assault last year on the Sunni insurgent stronghold of Fallujah. Sgrena was freed a month later; however, an Italian agent who'd secured her release was killed by U.S. gunfire at a checkpoint.
    (AP, 2/4/05)(AP, 2/4/06)
2005        Feb 4, Japan confirmed its 1st human death from mad-cow disease. It was suspected that the man died as a result of beef he consumed in England around 1989.
    (WSJ, 2/7/05, p.A16)
2005        Feb 4, In Nepal dozens of paramilitary police raided an underground political meeting and rounded up a group of party officials, days after the king seized power and banned public gatherings.
    (AP, 2/4/05)
2005        Feb 4, The Nigerian army quelled a demonstration at one of Nigeria's main oil export terminals, while activists accused the soldiers of killing four protesters.
    (AP, 2/4/05)
2005        Feb 4, Russia lashed out at Britain after an independent TV channel there aired an interview with Chechen rebel warlord Shamil Basayev, saying the broadcast amounted to terrorist propaganda and calling for an investigation.
    (AP, 2/4/05)
2005        Feb 4, A Swiss-based group said Arab tribes in northern Sudan have freed 880 slaves during the past two weeks and allowed them to return to southern Sudan.
    (AP, 2/4/05)
2005        Feb 4, The Ukraine Parliament unanimously approved fiery opposition leader Yulia Tymoshenko as PM, along with her government's new program to raise living standards, tackle corruption and set Ukraine on a westward course.
    (AP, 2/4/05)
2005        Feb 4, A Ukraine intelligence official said secret indictments and arrests have taken place against at least 6 arms dealers accused of selling nuclear capable missiles to China and Iran.
    (SFC, 2/4/05, p.A5)
2005        Feb 4, The UN vowed to discipline two officials implicated in a report that detailed conflicts of interest and flawed management in the U.N. oil-for-food program. Secretary-General Kofi Annan will discipline Benon Sevan and another UN official, Joseph Stephanides, who may have "tainted" bidding for an oil-for-food contract,
    (AP, 2/4/05)

2005        Feb 5, In LA the Actors Guild awarded Jamie Foxx the best actor award for his role as Ray Charles in “Ray.” Hilary Swank won the best actress award for her role as a boxer in “Million Dollar Baby.” Cate Blanchett and Morgan Freeman won supporting awards.
    (SSFC, 2/6/05, p.A2)
2005        Feb 5, Steve Young and Dan Marino were elected to the Pro Football Hall of Fame.
    (AP, 2/5/06)
2005        Feb 5, In London Chancellor of the Exchequer Gordon Brown said that finance ministers from the Group of Seven (G7) rich nations had for the first time expressed firm willingness to provide as much as 100 percent debt relief for the world's poorest countries. The Heavily Indebted Poor Countries Initiative (HIPC) is a joint initiative of the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund that offers debt relief to the world's most impoverished nations which agree to undertake economic reform.
    (AP, 2/5/05)
2005        Feb 5, In the Republic of Congo leaders of seven Central African countries signed a landmark treaty to work together to help save the world's second-largest rain forest.
    (AP, 2/6/05)
2005        Feb 5, Central bank governor Zhou Xiaochuan said China is committed to revamping its foreign exchange regime and further relaxing its capital account controls.
    (Reuters, 2/5/05)
2005        Feb 5, Egyptian police killed two suspected militants wanted in last year's Sinai bombings following clashes in Egypt's Sinai peninsula desert.
    (AP, 2/5/05)
2005        Feb 5, Sunni rebels killed three U.S. troops and at least 33 Iraqis in a string of attacks.
    (AP, 2/5/05)
2005        Feb 5, In central Japan police found 9 bodies were found in two cars in what appeared to be the country's latest group suicides.
    (AP, 2/5/05)
2005        Feb 5, Kuwaiti police and troops in armored personnel carriers used explosives to blast their way into a concrete block home in Sulaibiyah capturing 5 suspected terrorists.
    (AP, 2/5/05)
2005        Feb 5, In Mexico assailants staged 3 nearly simultaneous guerrilla-style attacks in Acapulco, killing 3 police officers and a teenage boy a day before a tense gubernatorial election.
    (AP, 2/6/05)
2005        Feb 5, The crown prince of Saudi Arabia called for the creation of an international anti-terrorism center to trade information in an effort to prevent attacks.
    (AP, 2/5/05)
2005        Feb 5, Togo’s Pres. Gnassingbe Eyadema (69) died of a heart attack. The military quickly announced that his son would replaced him as head of state. The constitution called for the speaker of parliament to succeed the president in the event of his death.
    (SSFC, 2/6/05, p.A16)
2005        Feb 5, A Yemeni court overruled earlier rulings and imposed harsher sentences, including a death sentence, on three militants convicted of attacking a French oil tanker and a helicopter carrying U.S. employees of an oil company.
    (AP, 2/5/05)

2005        Feb 6, The New England Patriots became a full-fledged dynasty with their third Super Bowl victory in four years, beating the Philadelphia Eagles 24-21.
    (AP, 2/7/05)
2005        Feb 6, In Bangladesh a police officer was killed and five were injured in a clash with demonstrators during a continuing nationwide general strike in protest at a deadly grenade attack on an opposition party rally.
    (AP, 2/6/05)
2005        Feb 6, Four Egyptians working for a mobile phone company were abducted by gunmen in Baghdad, and Islamic militants threatened to kill an Italian journalist Feb 7 unless Italy agrees to withdraw its troops.
    (AP, 2/6/05)
2005        Feb 6, In Kashmir an overcrowded bus skidded off a mountain road and crashed into a ravine, killing at least 28 passengers and injuring 33.
    (AP, 2/6/05)
2005        Feb 6, Lazar Berman (74), acclaimed Russian pianist, died in Florence, Italy.
    (AP, 2/6/06)
2005        Feb 6, Mexico's main leftist party, the Democratic Revolution Party, ended 76 years of rule by the Institutional Revolutionary Party, or PRI, in the Pacific coast state of Guerrero. Democratic Revolution held on to the governorship of Baja California Sur, while the PRI held on to Quintana Roo, the site of Cancun.
    (AP, 2/7/05)
2005        Feb 6, The bodies of 18 victims of carbon monoxide poisoning from a faulty gas heater were found at a cottage near the village of Todolella in Spain’s Castellon province.
    (WSJ, 2/7/05, p.A1)
2005        Feb 6, The African Union accused military commanders in Togo of taking advantage of the death of the country's longtime leader to stage a coup and raised the possibility that its 53 members will not recognize the West African nation's new government.
    (AP, 2/6/05)
2005        Feb 6, Thailand voters handed PM Thaksin Shinawatra a 2nd term with an expanded mandate. In his 1st term he broadly managed to keep 3 promises centering on cheap health care, debt forgiveness for farmers and micro-credits for villages. Under his tenure public debt fell from 54% of GDP to 39%.
    (AP, 2/6/05)(Econ, 2/5/05, p.11,23)

2005        Feb 7, Pres. Bush proposed a $2.57 trillion budget that would slash domestic programs including entitlements such as Medicaid, farm subsidies and veterans benefits. The budget would worsen federal deficits by $42 billion over the next five years.
    (SFC, 2/8/05, p.A1)(AP, 2/7/06)
2005        Feb 7, Defrocked priest Paul Shanley, the most notorious figure in the sex scandal that rocked the Boston Archdiocese, was convicted of repeatedly raping and fondling a boy at his church during the 1980s. Shanley was sentenced to 12 to 15 years in prison.
    (AP, 2/7/06)
2005        Feb 7, IBM, Toshiba and Sony disclosed the architectural design of a new, jointly developed, multi-core processor called the Cell.
    (Econ, 2/12/05, p.77)(www.linuxdevices.com/news/NS2972427392.html)
2005        Feb 7, Australia's central bank warned that interest rates, stable at 5.25 percent since December 2003, may be raised within months amid signs of renewed inflationary pressures.
    (AP, 2/7/05)
2005        Feb 7, Cuba began an island-wide ban on smoking in public places such as stores, theaters, and office buildings.
    (AP, 2/7/05)
2005        Feb 7, In England and Wales new laws came into effect that allow pubs, clubs and other drinking venues to apply to stay open 24 hours a day.
    (AP, 2/7/05)
2005        Feb 7, Ellen MacArthur (28) of Britain completed her solo sail around the world in just over 71 days and 14 hours, shaving 32 hours off the previous record.
    (AP, 2/8/05)
2005        Feb 7, The EU head office called for closer coordination among all member governments to hunt down and prosecute those illegally spreading unsolicited e-mails, or spam, across the 25-nation bloc.
    (AP, 2/7/05)
2005        Feb 7, Insurgents struck at Iraqi police forces with a suicide bomb, a car bomb and mortars in the cities of Mosul and Baqouba, killing 31 people.
    (AP, 2/7/05)(SFC, 2/8/05, p.A6)
2005        Feb 7, US troops manning a checkpoint found 4 Egyptian technicians who had been kidnapped the previous day in Baghdad, freeing them and arresting some of the abductors.
    (AP, 2/7/05)
2005        Feb 7, John Githongo, Kenya president's adviser on corruption, stepped down. The US in response quickly suspended $2.5 million in funding for anti-corruption work.
    (AP, 2/11/05)
2005        Feb 7, Pakistan, as part of a peace deal in south Waziristan, paid 4 tribal militants a total of $842,000 so they could pay back money received from al Qaeda to fight Pakistani troops.
    (WSJ, 2/10/05, p.A10)
2005        Feb 7, In the Philippines hundreds of armed followers of a jailed former Muslim rebel leader attacked government troops and occupied at least one army detachment on violent southern Jolo island, sparking clashes that killed at least 12 soldiers.
    (AP, 2/7/05)
2005        Feb 7, A Saudi woman was beheaded after she was convicted of murdering her mother-in-law. Noura bint Khalaf al-Harbi was found guilty of setting her mother-in-law, Noura bint Salem al-Harbi, on fire as she slept following a dispute.
    (AP, 2/7/05)
2005        Feb 7, Spain launched an immigrant amnesty program. As many as 80,000 new residency permits were expected.
    (WSJ, 2/7/05, p.A16)
2005        Feb 7, In Sri Lanka E. Koushalyan, the LTTE's political wing leader for the eastern province, was killed in an ambush along with four other senior rebels and former Tamil legislator Chandra Nehru. Military officials said they suspected the attack was carried out by a breakaway faction of the Tamil Tigers led by the former number two in the leadership, known as Karuna.
    (AP, 2/8/05)(Econ, 2/26/05, p.40)
2005        Feb 7, Faure Gnassingbe was sworn in as president of Togo, two days after the death of his father.
    (AP, 2/7/05)
2005        Feb 7, UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan suspended the head of the UN oil-for-food program in Iraq and a senior official who dealt with contracts, following an independent investigation that accused them of misconduct.
    (AP, 2/7/05)
2005        Feb 7, The freighter M/V Joekulfell sank in the North Atlantic off the Faeroe Islands, killing four crewmembers and leaving two others missing. Five were rescued by helicopter. The Samskip company owned the Isle of Man-flagged vessel. The vessel departed from the Latvian port of Liepaja and was headed to Iceland.
    (AP, 2/8/05)(http://tinyurl.com/cdza7)

2005        Feb 8, An earlier-than-usual Mardi Gras festival opened in New Orleans with sparse crowds.
    (AP, 2/8/06)
2005        Feb 8, It was reported that a 1991 memo from Merck showed that senior executives were concerned that the vaccines of an expanded immunization program contained an elevated dose of mercury by as much as 87 times the maximum guidelines for daily consumption of mercury from fish. Thimersol, an anti-bacterial compound in the vaccine, was nearly 50% ethyl mercury, a neurotoxin. The vaccine program was later tied to elevated cases of autism.
    (SFC, 2/8/05, p.A5)
2005        Feb 8, Ian Wilmut, the scientist who created Dolly the sheep, the world's first cloned mammal, was given a license to clone human embryos for medical research. Therapeutic cloning research has been legal in Great Britain since 2001.
    (AP, 2/8/05)
2005        Feb 8, George Herman (85), longtime CBS newsman, died in Washington.
    (AP, 2/8/06)
2005        Feb 8, Keith Knudsen (56), Doobie Brothers drummer who was part of the band during a string of hits that included "Taking it to the Streets" and "Black Water," died of pneumonia.
    (AP, 2/9/05)
2005        Feb 8, Jimmy Smith (b.1928), reigning “Emperor of the Hammond Organ,” died in Scottsdale, Az. Smith established the Hammond B-3 organ as a legitimate jazz instrument.
    (SFC, 2/10/04, p.B7)
2005        Feb 8, In northwest Colombia Marxist rebels killed at least 17 soldiers during clashes, the military's heaviest battle toll in two years. At least 11 guerrillas also died in the fighting.
    (AP, 2/9/05)(Econ, 2/26/05, p.36)
2005        Feb 8, UNICEF said that it was providing urgently needed aid for 50,000 people caught up in an upsurge in fighting in Congo.
    (AP, 2/8/05)
2005        Feb 8, Danes voted in parliamentary elections dominated by competing strategies for strengthening the country's cradle-to-grave welfare state and tightening immigration. Danes re-elected center-right PM Rasmussen for a 2nd term.
    (AP, 2/8/05)(WSJ, 2/9/05, p.A1)
2005        Feb 8, In Sharm El-Sheik, Egypt, Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon and Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas declared that their people would stop all military and violent attacks against each other, pledging to get peace talks back on track. The Palestinian militant group Hamas said it would not be bound by the cease-fire declarations.
    (AP, 2/8/05)
2005        Feb 8, Cairo’s 2-week book fair ended. During the two-week fair, police confiscated leftist books and arrested three people protesting any renewal of Hosni Mubarak's presidency.
    (AP, 2/9/05)
2005        Feb 8, Herve Gaymard, France's finance minister, announced new measures designed to boost confidence, stimulate growth and tackle the "scandalously high" 9.9% jobless rate.
    (AP, 2/8/05)
2005        Feb 8, A suicide bomber blew himself up in a crowd of Iraqis outside an army recruitment center, killing 21 other people and injuring 27 more.
    (AP, 2/8/05)
2005        Feb 8, A Web posting in the name of a militant group in Iraq claimed to have executed Italian female journalist Giuliana Sgrena.
    (AP, 2/8/05)
2005        Feb 8, In Kuwait Amer Khlaif al-Enezi, the alleged ringleader of a terror group accused of plotting to attack Americans and Kuwaiti security forces, died of heart failure while in prison.
    (AP, 2/9/05)
2005        Feb 8, Officials said Italian real estate services company Norman 95 has won a 300-million-euro (384-million-dollar) contract to develop a luxury holiday resort on the Libyan coast.
    (AFP, 2/8/05)
2005        Feb 8, A confrontation between rival gangs in an overcrowded Peruvian prison left five inmates dead and at least 18 others wounded.
    (AP, 2/8/05)
2005        Feb 8, In Lome, Togo, a strike called by opposition parties shut down the capital’s main market and other businesses.
    (AP, 2/8/05)

2005        Feb 9, Ceremonies were scheduled for a first-day-of-issue stamp commemorating Pres. Ronald Reagan (1911-2004).
    (SFC, 10/7/04, p.B3)
2005        Feb 9, Carly Fiorina's nearly six-year reign at Hewlett-Packard Co. ended as the company's board forced her out as chief executive. Patricia Dunn took over as chairman. In 2006 Fiorina authored “Tough Choices,” a memoir of her tenure at H-P.
    (AP, 2/9/05)(Econ, 2/12/05, p.59)(WSJ, 10/6/06, p.B2)
2005        Feb 9, Wal-Mart said it planned to close its store in Jonquiere, Quebec, where workers were seeking to become the 1st ever to win a union contract with Wal-Mart. Wal-Mart began operations in Canada in 1994 and currently operated 254 stores there. Doors were shut May 6.
    (WSJ, 2/10/05, p.A2)(SFC, 4/15/05, p.A12)
2005        Feb 9, Ethnic Chinese communities across Asia celebrated the start of the lunar year 4703, the Year of the Rooster, with visits to crowded temples and family banquets.
    (AP, 2/9/05)(SFC, 2/9/05, p.A1)
2005        Feb 9, The French National Assembly approved a reform of the controversial 35-hour working week. The Socialist measure had been introduced to cut unemployment but is now blamed by the right for doing exactly the reverse.
    (AFP, 2/9/05)
2005        Feb 9, Gunmen killed an Iraqi journalist working for a U.S.-funded television station and his son as they left their home in the southern city of Basra. Gunmen also killed 3 members of a Kurdish political party and a Housing Ministry official. The US military announced the deaths of 4 US soldiers.
    (AP, 2/9/05)(SFC, 2/10/05, p.A9)
2005        Feb 9, In Kashmir suspected Muslim rebels shot dead a popular municipal councilor outside a mosque. Separately Indian troops killed 4 militants in a gunbattle inside a mountain cave.
    (AP, 2/9/05)
2005        Feb 9, Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas said Israel will lift travel restrictions on Palestinians in parts of the West Bank and abandon several major checkpoints as part of its withdrawal from five towns in the coming weeks.
    (AP, 2/9/05)
2005        Feb 9, An explosion ripped through a mine in a coal-rich region of Siberia, killing at least 18 workers and leaving eight missing.
    (AP, 2/9/05)
2005        Feb 9, In Somalia BBC journalist Kate Peyton was shot to death outside a Mogadishu hotel where she had interviewed some members of the interim parliament.
    (SFC, 2/19/05, p.A14)
2005        Feb 9, In Spain a car bomb exploded in a business park on the outskirts of Madrid just after the morning rush hour, injuring 43 people. Government officials blamed the Basque separatist group ETA.
    (AP, 2/9/05)
2005        Feb 9, Sudanese Aviation Minister Ali Tamim Fartak said European aviation consortium Airbus Industrie has cancelled the 45-million dollar debt owed to it by Sudan Airways.
    (AFP, 2/9/05)
2005        Feb 9, Faure Gnassingbe, Togo's new president, addressed the nation for the first time since succeeding his father. He offered talks with the exiled opposition and promised general elections as soon as possible.
    (AP, 2/9/05)
2005        Feb 9, Helicopters rescued stranded Venezuelans after flood waters struck the mountainous central coast, triggering landslides, destroying homes and washing out roads. Officials said at least 13 people were killed and thousands of others were forced from their homes.
    (AP, 2/9/05)

2005        Feb 10, New York civil rights lawyer Lynne Stewart was convicted of smuggling messages of violence from one of her jailed clients, radical Egyptian sheik Omar Abdel-Rahman, to his terrorist disciples on the outside. In 2006 Stewart was sentenced to 28 months in prison.
    (AP, 2/10/06)(SFC, 10/17/06, p.A5)
2005        Feb 10, Arthur Miller (b.1915), the Pulitzer Prize-winning playwright, died. His most famous fictional creation, Willy Loman in "Death of a Salesman" (1949), came to symbolize the American Dream gone awry.
    (AP, 2/11/05)(SFC, 2/12/05, p.A12)(Econ, 2/19/05, p.84)
2005        Feb 10, In central Argentina a riot broke out at the San Martin Prison housing 2,000 prisoners, leaving at least three inmates dead and two dozen guards hostage.
    (AP, 2/11/05)
2005        Feb 10, Britain's Prince Charles announced he would marry his divorced lover, Camilla Parker Bowles, in April.
    (AP, 2/10/06)
2005        Feb 10, Vancouver, Canada, began a trial program giving addicts free heroin on condition that they accept treatment.
    (Econ, 2/12/05, p.36)
2005        Feb 10, Chile raised its key interest rate to 2.75% from 2.5%.
    (WSJ, 2/11/05, p.A9)
2005        Feb 10, In Haiti police hunting a rebel leader stormed a compound used by the disbanded army, exchanging gunfire with defenders. A grade school girl was killed in the crossfire.
    (AP, 2/11/05)
2005        Feb 10, A car bomb detonated by remote control exploded in a crowded central Baghdad square moments after an American military convoy passed, killing at least two Iraqis and wounding two others. Insurgents attacked Iraqi police in Salman Pak and killed at least 6.
    (AP, 2/10/05)(SFC, 2/11/05, p.A20)
2005        Feb 10, North Korea announced for the first time that it has nuclear arms and rejected moves to restart disarmament talks anytime soon, saying it needs the weapons as protection against an increasingly hostile United States.
    (AP, 2/10/05)
2005        Feb 10, Police in Nepal's capital arrested 12 rights activists and quashed a rally to protest the king's emergency rule, while rebels in the southwest killed five policemen and freed comrades from a jail during a raid on a town.
    (AP, 2/10/05)
2005        Feb 10, Heavy rains caused the Shakidor Dam to burst in southwestern Pakistan, releasing a torrent of water that killed at least 135 people. The country's total number of dead from weeklong rains and avalanches soon grew to 278.
    (AP, 2/11/05)(AP, 2/12/05)
2005        Feb 10, Palestinian militants fired dozens of mortar shells and homemade rockets at Jewish settlements in the Gaza Strip, prompting Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas to order his security forces to move quickly to preserve a new cease-fire with Israel. Abbas fired his top security commanders following the attacks.
    (AP, 2/10/05)(WSJ, 2/11/05, p.A1)
2005        Feb 10, In Peru President Alejandro Toledo said the government is considering subsidizing some of this Andean nation's poorest people with direct monthly cash payments.
    (AP, 2/10/05)
2005        Feb 10, Male voters converged at polling stations in the Riyadh region to participate in city elections, marking the first time Saudis are taking part in a vote that largely conforms to international standards. Women were banned from casting ballots.
    (AP, 2/10/05)
2005        Feb 10, Saudi Arabia confirmed a 2nd case of polio from 2004 and feared pilgrims to Mecca might spread the disease.
    (SFC, 2/11/05, p.A13)
2005        Feb 10, Togo turned away a plane carrying Nigerian peacemakers, drawing threats of sanctions and accusations from Nigeria that it was blocking efforts to resolve a crisis widely condemned as a military coup.
    (Reuters, 2/11/05)

2005        Feb 11, Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld made an unannounced visit to Iraq, where he observed Iraqi security forces and declared "there's no question progress has been made" in preparing the nation for building a new government.
    (AP, 2/11/06)
2005        Feb 11, The US State Department said Libyan diplomats can travel freely in the US.
    (AP, 2/11/05)
2005        Feb 11, Health officials in NYC issued a nationwide alert over a new AIDS HIV strain that is immune to just about all antiretroviral drugs.
    (SFC, 2/12/05, p.A1)
2005        Feb 11, CNN chief news executive Eason Jordan quit amid a furor over remarks he'd made about journalists being targeted by the U.S. military in Iraq.
    (AP, 2/11/06)
2005        Feb 11, Samuel W. Alderson (90), inventor of crash test dummies, died in Marina Del Rey, Calif.
    (AP, 2/11/06)
2005        Feb 11, In Afghanistan US troops killed two unarmed men after they entered an exclusion zone around near Shindand Air Base in Herat province. An investigation followed.
    (AP, 2/19/05)
2005        Feb 11, A political consulting firm posted the names of 19 agents and informants of Hungary's communist secret police on a Web site, and it threatened to list more.
    (AP, 2/11/05)
2005        Feb 11, A car bomb exploded outside a Shiite mosque northeast of Baghdad, killing at least 12 people and injuring dozens. Masked men sprayed gunfire into a crowd at a bakery in a mostly Shiite neighborhood in the capital, killing 11 people. A US Marine and an Army soldier were killed in separate traffic accidents.
    (AP, 2/11/05)(AP, 2/12/05)
2005        Feb 11, Kashmir police said 10 people died, including a pro-India party worker slain by Muslim rebels, a day ahead of the next round of violence-hit municipal polls.
    (AP, 2/11/05)
2005        Feb 11, North Korea demanded bilateral talks with the US to defuse the tension created by its announcement that it is a nuclear power. The White House said it was not interested in one-on-one talks.
    (AP, 2/11/05)
2005        Feb 11, A day after firing his top security commanders, Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas headed to the Gaza Strip to demand that militant leaders stop attacking Israelis, a strong sign of his determination to enforce a fragile truce with Israel.
    (AP, 2/11/05)
2005        Feb 11, In South Africa Thabo Mbeki gave his state of the nation speech. He called for faster economic growth and a quicker transfer of wealth from white to black pockets.
    (Econ, 2/19/05, p.45)(www.info.gov.za/speeches/son/)
2005        Feb 11, Venezuela's vice president said US objections will not prevent Venezuela from going ahead with its plans to purchase 100,000 Kalashnikov assault rifles and dozens of Mi35 helicopters from Russia.
    (AP, 2/11/05)(Econ, 2/26/05, p.35)
2005        Feb 11, Zimbabwe announced that 1.5 million people needed food aid immediately.
    (SFC, 2/12/05, p.A3)

2005        Feb 12, Christo and Jeanne-Claude opened their NYC Central Park Gates project. The $20 million,16-day exhibit featured 7,532 fabric draped steel gates spanning 23 miles.
    (SSFC, 2/13/05, p.A1)
2005        Feb 12, Howard Dean (b.1948), former Vermont governor and presidential candidate, was elected chairman of the Democratic Party.
    (SSFC, 2/13/05, p.A3)
2005        Feb 12, In northern Brazil Dorothy Stang (73), an American nun, was shot to death. She had spent decades fighting efforts by loggers and large landowners to expropriate lands and clear large areas of the Amazon rainforest. In 2006 Amair Feijoli da Cunha (38) pleaded guilty and said he offered money to two gunmen to shoot nun, at the behest of ranchers Vitalmiro Moura and Regivaldo Galvao. In 2008 A jury voted 5-2 to acquit Vitalmiro Moura, one of two ranchers who allegedly ordered the killing Stang. The acquittal was overturned on a technicality in April, 2009. Moura and Galvao were convicted in 2010 and sentenced to 30 years in prison.
    (AP, 2/12/05)(WSJ, 2/14/05, p.A1)(AP, 4/27/06)(AP, 5/6/08)(AP, 5/1/10)
2005        Feb 12, In Iraq a car bomb exploded in front of a hospital in a mostly Shiite town south of Baghdad, killing 17 people and wounding 21 others. A prominent Iraqi judge was assassinated by two gunmen on a motorcycle in the southern port city of Basra. In Mosul the bodies of 6 Iraqi and 6 Kurdish guards were dumped. US troops in Mosul killed 9 insurgents.
    (AP, 2/12/05)(SSFC, 2/13/05, p.A12)
2005        Feb 12, Philippine couples started gathering along a Manila bayside boulevard for a pre-Valentine's Day kissing festival. Organizers hoped a million couples will lock lips nationwide.
    (AP, 2/12/05)
2005        Feb 12, Tens of thousands of Russians protested across the country against a law replacing medical and transportation benefits for pensioners with cash payments, with many calling for the ouster of Vladimir Putin's government.
    (AP, 2/12/05)
2005        Feb 12, Saudi newspapers said dozens of losing candidates in Saudi Arabia's first regular election will contest results from the opening round of municipal balloting, arguing that conservative religious candidates won unfairly by claiming support from clerics.
    (AP, 2/12/05)
2005        Feb 12, Syrian authorities released 55 members of the banned Muslim Brotherhood who had spent up to 20 years in jail.
    (AP, 2/12/05)
2005        Feb 12, In Togo thousands of demonstrators clashed with riot police in the capital for a 2nd day, protesting against the recent army-appointed president. 3 people were reportedly killed and dozens wounded when police fired at demonstrators.
    (AP, 2/12/05)

2005        Feb 13, Ray Charles' final album, "Genius Loves Company," won a leading eight Grammy awards, including album of the year, record of the year for "Here We Go Again" with Norah Jones, and pop vocal album.
    (AP, 2/14/05)
2005        Feb 13, The AFC won the Pro Bowl, defeating the NFC 38-27.
    (AP, 2/13/06)
2005        Feb 13, Iran rejected a European demand to stop building a heavy water nuclear reactor in return for a light-water reactor.
    (AP, 2/13/05)
2005        Feb 13, Results from Iraq's elections were released and showed that majority Shiite Muslims won 48% of the votes, giving the long-oppressed group significant power but not enough to form a government on its own.
    (AP, 2/13/05)(SFC, 2/15/05, p.A1)
2005        Feb 13, Insurgents attacked a US convoy and a government building near the northern Iraqi city of Mosul, leaving at least four people dead. Two Iraqi National Guard troops were also killed while trying to defuse a roadside bomb. Gunmen ambushed a car carrying an Iraqi general in a Shiite neighborhood of Baghdad, killing him and two companions.
    (AP, 2/13/05)
2005        Feb 13, Israel's Cabinet approved a list of names of 500 Palestinian prisoners to be released in coming days, and several hundred Palestinian workers returned to jobs in Israel in line with agreements reached at a Mideast summit last week.
    (AP, 2/13/05)
2005        Feb 13, In Indian Kashmir at least 35 people were wounded when suspected separatist guerrillas threw a grenade on a crowded road.
    (AP, 2/13/05)
2005        Feb 13, Pakistani officials said severe flooding and avalanches have killed around 350 people after a week of torrential rain and heavy snow, while 2,000 others were missing and tens of thousands left homeless.
    (AP, 2/13/05)
2005        Feb 13, Firefighters shot jets of water on the 32-story Windsor building, one of Madrid’s tallest office buildings, for a 2nd day, fighting to control a fiery orange blaze that began the night before and threatened to collapse the 32-story skyscraper.
    (AP, 2/13/05)
2005        Feb 13, Floods and landslides in Colombia and Venezuela over the past few days cut a trail of destruction through small Andean towns and killed at least 64 people.
    (AP, 2/13/05)(WSJ, 2/14/05, p.A1)

2005        Feb 14, President Bush said he would nominate Lester M. Crawford as head of the Food and Drug Administration. Crawford had been acting commissioner for nearly a year.
    (AP, 2/14/06)
2005        Feb 14, President Bush asked Congress for an estimated $82 billion in additional funds to cover the costs of continuing military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan.
    (WSJ, 2/15/05, p.A1)
2005        Feb 14, Verizon Communications decided to buy MCI Inc. in a $6.75 billion deal. The offer was increased in May to $26 per share, or $8.44 billion.
    (WSJ, 2/15/05, p.C1)(WSJ, 5/3/05, p.A1)
2005        Feb 14, Newfoundland Premier Danny Williams and Canada’s PM Paul Martin presided over the signing of a multibillion-dollar deal that sets out new revenue-sharing rules for the province's offshore energy industry.
    (AP, 2/14/05)
2005        Feb 14, A gas explosion in China's northeast Sunjiawan mine killed 214 people in the deadliest mining disaster reported since communist rule began in 1949.
    (AP, 2/15/05)(AP, 2/14/06)
2005        Feb 14, The UN atomic monitoring agency said Egypt's nuclear experiments were small, basic and do not appear part of an attempt to make weapons, praising Cairo's cooperation with an investigation of the country's now mothballed clandestine activities.
    (AP, 2/14/05)
2005        Feb 14, In Iran a mosque fire killed 59 people and injured another 350. it was blamed on a kerosene heater that was placed too close to a thick curtain that separated male and female worshippers.
    (AP, 2/15/05)
2005        Feb 14, A roadside bomb killed three Iraqi National Guard troops. Insurgents blew up an oil pipeline near Kirkuk and killed two senior police officers in Baghdad.
    (AP, 2/14/05)
2005        Feb 14, In western Japan a man carrying a knife burst into a public elementary school and stabbed at least 3 adults. Kyodo News reported that one of the victims died.
    (AP, 2/14/05)
2005        Feb 14, In Beirut, Lebanon, Rafik Hariri (60) was killed in a massive bomb explosion that tore through his motorcade. The billionaire helped rebuild his country after decades of war but resigned as PM last fall after a sharp dispute with Syria. 22 other people were killed and 100 wounded in a blast that devastated the front of the famous St. George Hotel. An Islamist group calling itself the Victory and Jihad Organization in the Levant claimed responsibility.
    (AP, 2/14/05)(WSJ, 2/15/05, p.A3)(Econ, 10/29/05, p.45)
2005        Feb 14, Brazil and Venezuela signed 25 accords dealing with energy and economic cooperation, including the joint development of the Mariscal Sucre offshore natural gas project.
    (WSJ, 2/15/05, p.A16)
2005        Feb 14, Three bombs jolted Manila and two other Philippine cities, killing at least 12 people and wounding more than 100 others. The Muslim extremist group Abu Sayyaf claimed responsibility for the blasts.
    (AP, 2/14/05)(Econ, 2/19/05, p.41)
2005        Feb 14, Togo police in riot gear faced off with crowds who blocked roads and intimidated residents during a general strike to protest the army's installation of Faure Gnassingbe to succeed his late father as president.
    (AP, 2/14/05)

2005        Feb 15, Defrocked priest Paul Shanley was sentenced in Boston to 12 to 15 years in prison on child rape charges.
    (AP, 2/15/06)
2005        Feb 15, Christopher Pittman, a teen who claimed the antidepressant Zoloft had driven him to kill his grandparents at age 12, was found guilty in Charleston, S.C., of murder and sentenced to 30 years in prison.
    (AP, 2/15/06)
2005        Feb 15, The Gates Foundation granted $32 million for 35 new small schools in NYC. Mayor Bloomberg had recently announced the closure of a number of large, troubled schools to be replaced by 200 new small schools with pupils capped at 500-600.
    (Econ, 3/5/05, p.33)
2005        Feb 15, Brazil’s Chamber of Deputies chose Severino Cavalcanti, a leader of Congress’s “low clergy,” as president. The position determines the agenda of Congress and his selection was seen as a setback to Pres. da Silva
    (Econ, 2/19/05, p.36)
2005        Feb 15, The Falcon 7X, a business jet designed and built by the French aviation company  Dassault, was displayed for the first time. It was the first plane to be digitally modeled in 3-dimensions and required no prototype.
    (Econ, 6/18/05, p.78)(http://tinyurl.com/lxlgt2)
2005        Feb 15, In southern Lebanon an angry mob attacked Syrian workers and another group threw stones and set fires outside a Syrian government office in Beirut, blaming Damascus for the bomb that killed former PM Rafik Hariri.
    (AP, 2/15/05)
2005        Feb 15, The Guam-based Citizens Security Bank (CSB) ended credit card and other services to the Bank of Marshall Islands. Residents of the Marshall Islands will be unable to use their credit cards after the central Pacific nation's leading bank was cut off from a US partner by the anti-terrorist Patriot Act.
    (AFP, 2/10/05)
2005        Feb 15, In Mexico the bodies of 12 men killed by hitmen believed linked to drug gangs were found in the northern state of Sinaloa, in what appears to be one of the deadliest one-day tolls in violent drug battles in recent years.
    (AP, 2/15/05)
2005        Feb 15, In eastern Nepal an overnight clash between government troops and communist rebels left at least 12 rebels and 3 soldiers dead.
    (AP, 2/15/05)
2005        Feb 15, It was reported that major energy firms had committed $20 billion to build a new gas-to-liquids (GTL) plant in Qatar to develop the huge natural gas reserves there.
    (WSJ, 2/15/05, p.A1)
2005        Feb 15, In Pakistan gunmen opened fire on mourners returning from a funeral near a Muslim shrine on the outskirts of Islamabad, killing at least 2 people and injuring several others.
    (AP, 2/15/05)
2005        Feb 15, The Thailand Cabinet approved establishing a new infantry division of 12,000 troops to be based permanently in southern Thailand, where violence blamed on Muslim insurgents has claimed more than 650 lives in the past year.
    (AP, 2/15/05)

2005        Feb 16, US Federal Reserve Chairman Alan Greenspan urged a go-slow approach on personal Social Security accounts, saying that while he embraces the idea central to President Bush's proposed overhaul, he is concerned about stability in financial markets.
    (AP, 2/16/05)
2005        Feb 16, The NHL canceled what was left of its decimated schedule after a round of last-gasp negotiations failed to resolve differences over a salary cap, the flash-point issue that led to a lockout.
    (AP, 2/16/06)
2005        Feb 16, A corporate jet crashed in Pueblo, Colo., and 8 people were killed.
    (WSJ, 2/17/05, p.A1)
2005        Feb 16, The Kyoto global warming pact went into force, 7 years after it was negotiated, imposing limits on emissions of carbon dioxide and other gases scientists blame for increasing world temperatures, melting glaciers and rising oceans. Canada’s pledge to cut emissions 6% below its 1990 level by 2012 faced the problem of an average annual increase of 1.5%.
    (AP, 2/16/05)(WSJ, 2/15/05, p.A16)
2005        Feb 16, Rescuers searching for miners trapped by a coal mine explosion in northeast China found six more bodies, bringing the death toll in the country's worst mining disaster in decades to 209.
    (AP, 2/16/05)
2005        Feb 16, In Ecuador tens of thousands of protesters gathered near Quito's presidential palace to demand President Lucio Gutierrez's resignation, accusing him of authoritarian rule and with packing the supreme court with his own judges.
    (AP, 2/17/05)
2005        Feb 16, India and Pakistan agreed to start a bus service across a ceasefire line dividing the disputed Himalayan region of Kashmir.
    (Reuters, 2/16/05)
2005        Feb 16, Israel's parliament gave the final approval to PM Ariel Sharon's plan to withdraw from the Gaza Strip and four West Bank settlements.
    (AP, 2/16/06)
2005        Feb 16, CEO Sergio Marchionne announced Fiat SpA will buy the Maserati sportscar brand from Ferrari, a company in which it already had a majority stake, just three days after winning independence from General Motors Corp.
    (AP, 2/16/05)(Econ, 4/26/08, p.88)
2005        Feb 16, Japan released GDP numbers indicating that its economy has technically been in a recession since Spring of 2004.
    (Econ, 2/19/05, p.40)
2005        Feb 16, In Paraguay the body of Cecilia Cubas, the kidnapped daughter of former President Raul Cubas, was dug up from behind a house months after she was abducted by heavily armed gunmen.
    (AP, 2/17/05)(Econ, 3/12/05, p.40)
2005        Feb 16, In southern Russia a car bomb killed 3 people outside a government building in Dagestan.
    (WSJ, 2/17/05, p.A1)
2005        Feb 16, In Sudan 6 tribal leaders in a southern Darfur area agreed to cease attacks against each other and drop all claims for blood money for past assaults on tribesmen.
    (AP, 2/17/05)
2005        Feb 16, Syria and Iran announced a united front amid perceived US threats.
    (WSJ, 2/17/05, p.A1)
2005        Feb 16, Former Turkish PM Mesut Yilmaz rejected charges of corruption as he went on trial over a banking scandal with alleged mafia involvement, becoming the first head of government to be tried by the Supreme Court.
    (AFP, 2/16/05)
2005        Feb 16, Vietnam banned all poultry raising in the southern business capital of Ho Chi Minh City this year to limit the risk of bird flu transmitting to humans.
    (AP, 2/16/05)

2005        Feb 17, President Bush named John Negroponte, the U.S. ambassador to Iraq, as the government's first national intelligence director (DNI). Central American politicians and human rights activists issued stinging criticism of Negroponte, citing the career diplomat's active backing for the Contra rebels and support for a government involved in human rights abuses.
    (AP, 2/17/05)(Econ, 3/19/05, p.29)
2005        Feb 17, Two US Border Patrol agents in Texas stopped a van carrying 743 pounds of marijuana and shot Osvaldo Aldrete-Davila, an admitted Mexican drug smuggler, as he fled back across the Rio Grande. In 2006 agents Ignacio Ramos and Jose Compean were sentenced to 11 and 12 years in prison for offenses that included violating the smuggler’s civil rights and failure to report the shooting to superiors. In 2007 Latino gang members beat Ignacio Ramos at the Yazoo City Federal Correctional Complex in Mississippi. Both agents were freed in 2009 following a commute of their sentences by outgoing Pres. George Bush.
    (SFC, 10/20/06, p.A6)(SSFC, 2/18/07, p.A11)(SFC, 2/18/09, p.A6)
2005        Feb 17, ChoicePoint Inc., a national provider of identification and credential verification services, said it will send an additional 110,000 statements to people informing them of possible identity theft after a group of well-organized criminals was able to obtain personal information on almost 140,000 consumers through the company. In 2006 ChoicePoint agreed to pay $15 million to settle FTC charges that consumer privacy rights were violated in the DB theft.
    (http://money.cnn.com/2005/02/17/technology/personaltech/choicepoint/)(SFC, 1/27/06, p.D3)
2005        Feb 17, An archaeology report by the Museum of New Mexico's Office of Archaeological Studies confirmed that a 600-year-old pueblo is buried under Santa Fe's City Hall, its convention center, the parking lot they share and nearby federal buildings.
    (AP, 2/17/05)
2005        Feb 17, Researchers demonstrated a robot that used a “passive-dynamic design” to learn walking step by step like a toddler.
    (SFC, 2/18/05, p.A2)
2005        Feb 17, Gene scientists published the 1st map of a common DNA variations.
    (WSJ, 2/18/05, p.A1)
2005        Feb 17, Dan O'Herlihy (85), Irish-born actor, died in Malibu, Calif.
    (www.imdb.com/name/nm0641397/)
2005        Feb 17, In Afghanistan a cold snap over the past month has claimed at least 267 lives and thousands more people were thought to be stranded in remote areas. Winter blizzards left over 1,000 children dead.
    (AFP, 2/17/05)(SFC, 3/3/05, p.A1)
2005        Feb 17, In Brazil Pres. Da Silva signed decrees creating 2 new Amazon environmental protection areas in a region of Para state coveted by soy farmers and ranchers less than a week after an American nun was gunned down trying to protect the jungle from deforestation.
    (AP, 2/18/05)(SFC, 2/18/05, p.A14)
2005        Feb 17, EU finance ministers warned Greece to get its finances in order by the end of 2006 and bring its annual budget deficit in line with EU spending rules or face hefty fines.
    (AP, 2/17/05)
2005        Feb 17, Georgia’s parliament approved Zurab Nogaideli as premier.
    (WSJ, 2/18/05, p.A1)
2005        Feb 17, Iraq's electoral commission certified the results of the Jan. 30 elections and allocated 140 of 275 National Assembly seats to the United Iraqi Alliance, giving the Shiite-dominated party a majority in the new parliament.
    (AP, 2/17/05)
2005        Feb 17, Hundreds of Jewish settlers took first steps to eventually leave their homes in the Gaza Strip, a day after Israel's parliament approved $871 million in compensation for them.
    (AP, 2/17/05)
2005        Feb 17, In Rwanda cabinet ministers from 11 African nations gathered to flesh out details of a deal intended to end a cycle of wars, rebellions, dictatorships and poverty in central Africa's Great Lakes region.
    (AP, 2/17/05)
2005        Feb 17, Spanish police arrested two suspected members of the armed Basque separatist group ETA in Valencia, seizing explosives that they planned to use for imminent attacks.
    (AP, 2/17/05)
2005        Feb 17, In southern Thailand a bomb exploded near a tourist hotel in the border town of Sungai Kolok, killing 5 people and wounding over 40.
    (AP, 2/17/05)(SFC, 2/18/05, p.A3)

2005        Feb 18, President Bush declared American Samoa a major disaster area following Hurricane Olaf, which wiped out nearly all homes in at least one village in the Manua Islands.
    (Reuters, 2/18/05)
2005        Feb 18, Pres. George W. Bush signed the US Class Action Fairness Act. It expanded federal jurisdiction over many large class-action lawsuits and mass actions taken in the United States.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Class_Action_Fairness_Act_of_2005)
2005        Feb 18, The US envoy Christopher Hill said the US and China agreed that North Korea must end its nuclear ambitions and resolve the standoff through six-nation talks.
    (AP, 2/18/05)
2005        Feb 18, An advisory panel said Merck & Co. Inc.'s withdrawn arthritis drug Vioxx is safe enough to rejoin Pfizer's rival pain relievers Celebrex and Bextra on the U.S. market, after concluding that all three medicines posed some level of heart risk.
    (Reuters, 2/19/05)
2005        Feb 18, Uli Derickson, the flight attendant who helped save passengers during the 1985 TWA hijacking, died in Tucson, Ariz., at age 60.
    (AP, 2/18/06)
2005        Feb 18, Britain faced the threat of mass strikes in the public sector ahead of an upcoming election as teachers, nurses and civil servants protested against a plan to raise their retirement age and cut pensions.
    (AFP, 2/18/05)
2005        Feb 18, A British ban on hunting with dogs became effective.
    (AP, 2/19/05)
2005        Feb 18, Colombia’s army chief said troops had killed between 70 and 80 Marxist guerrillas over the past 3 weeks in a region where the rebels operate cocaine production factories.
    (AP, 2/19/05)
2005        Feb 18, The World Health Organization (WHO) said an outbreak of plague in northeastern Democratic Republic of Congo has killed 61 diamond miners and infected hundreds more.
    (AP, 2/18/05)
2005        Feb 18, Indonesia welcomed efforts by the US to restore full military training ties with Jakarta, saying the time was ripe to resume links that were downgraded 13 years ago.
    (AFP, 2/18/05)
2005        Feb 18, Explosions ripped through Baghdad, killing about 3 dozen people and injuring dozens on the eve of Ashura, Shiite Islam's most important holiday.
    (AP, 2/18/05)(SFC, 2/19/05, p.A1)
2005        Feb 18, Israel let 16 of about 55 Palestinians expelled from the West Bank return home, and it has concluded that demolishing the homes of Palestinian suicide bombers and gunmen does not deter attackers and should be stopped.
    (AP, 2/18/05)
2005        Feb 18, The Lebanese opposition stepped up its campaign against the pro-Syrian government, calling for a peaceful uprising to force the resignation of Prime Minister Omar Karami and the withdrawal of Syrian troops.
    (AP, 2/19/05)
2005        Feb 18, Libya refused to extend the deadline of the Lockerbie compensation deal in a possible bid to pressure Washington to drop it from the U.S. list of state sponsors of terrorism.
    (AP, 2/19/05)
2005        Feb 18, The royal government plunged Nepal into a communications blackout, the country's annual celebration of democracy, cutting phone service to thwart opposition activists trying to organize nationwide protests.
    (AP, 2/18/05)
2005        Feb 18, Pakistan deployed specially trained anti-Al-Qaeda commandos to guard against sectarian violence as two Sunni militants planning to attack parades by rival Shiites blew themselves up.
    (AFP, 2/18/05)
2005        Feb 18, Russian Pres. Vladimir Putin said that Moscow will continue its nuclear cooperation with Iran and that he is convinced Tehran does not intend to develop atomic weapons.
    (AP, 2/18/05)
2005        Feb 18, The government of South Africa said the number of deaths increased by 57 percent in the five years ending in 2003, with AIDS and related illnesses among the leading causes in adults. The rate is far lower than that reported by world health groups.
    (AP, 2/19/05)

2005        Feb 19, The $3.2 billion USS Jimmy Carter entered the Navy's fleet as the most heavily armed submarine ever built, and as the last of the Seawolf class of attack subs that the Pentagon ordered during the Cold War's final years.
    (AP, 2/19/05)
2005        Feb 19, In Arkansas a train slammed into an ambulance that apparently tried to get out of its path, but stopped at a rail crossing, killing all three paramedics on board. The patient in the vehicle survived.
    (AP, 2/20/05)
2005        Feb 19, In Bangladesh a double-decker passenger ferry capsized and sank during a tropical storm, leaving at least 151 people dead. The MV Maharaj was carrying about 200 people when it capsized on the Buriganga River just outside Dhaka.
    (AP, 2/21/05)(AP, 2/22/05)
2005        Feb 19, China's state news said North Korea no longer wants to negotiate with the US and 4 other nations in an effort to ease the standoff over Pyongyang's nuclear program.
    (AP, 2/19/05)
2005        Feb 19, About half a million hunters and supporters rallied across England and Wales in a massive display of force against a new fox hunting ban.
    (AP, 2/19/05)
2005        Feb 19, In Haiti heavily armed gunmen attacked the national penitentiary, killing one guard in a shootout that allowed some 500 prisoners to escape.
    (AP, 2/21/05)
2005        Feb 19, Eight suicide bombings in Baghdad and other parts of Iraq killed over 50 people, including a US soldier, and injured 150 as Shiite Muslim worshippers around the country celebrated Ashura, their holiest day of the year.
    (AP, 2/19/05)(SSFC, 2/20/05, p.A1)
2005        Feb 19, Libyan leader Moamer Kadhafi and Egyptian Pres. Hosni Mubarak backed an African solution to the crisis in Sudan's Darfur region during 2 rounds of talks in Cairo.
    (AFP, 2/19/05)
2005        Feb 19, Nigerian soldiers, sailors and police descended on Odioma to hunt down a local militia leader and black magic guru who was accused of murdering 12 people from Obiaku. 28 people killed and Odioma was burned down by government troops.
    (AP, 3/21/05)
2005        Feb 19, Former Presidents George H.W. Bush and Bill Clinton visited a Thai fishing village that had been devastated by the December 2005 tsunami.
    (AP, 2/19/06)
2005        Feb 19, In Trinidad security chiefs from 34 countries in the Americas outlined broad strategies for fighting money laundering, passport fraud and drug smuggling, warning that Islamic terrorists could exploit lawlessness in the region to raise money and slip through borders.
    (AP, 2/19/05)

2005        Feb 20, In Florida Jeff Gordon won his third Daytona 500. Gordon was born in Vallejo, California, and raised in Pittsboro, Indiana.
    (AP, 2/20/06)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jeff_Gordon)
2005        Feb 20, Allen Iverson was selected MVP of the NBA All-Star game, helping the Eastern Conference to a 125-115 victory.
    (AP, 2/20/06)
2005        Feb 20, President Bush landed in Belgium to begin a five-day European trip aimed at fostering a friendly atmosphere early in his second term.
    (AP, 2/20/05)
2005        Feb 20, An estimate of the total US debt, public and private, amounted to $37 trillion.
    (SSFC, 2/20/05, p.C3)
2005        Feb 20, Sandra Dee (62), film actress born as Alexandra Zuck, died. She was arguably the biggest female teen idol of her time. Her films included "Gidget" and "Tammy and the Doctor." Her 1960 marriage to singer Bobby Darin ended in divorce in 1967.
    (AP, 2/21/05)
2005        Feb 20, Maria Catherine King (49), a disabled homeless woman and university graduate, died 12 days after being beaten by 2 young men in Berkeley, Ca. In 2006 Jarell Maurice Johnson (19) and Derrell Lamont Morgan (19) were convicted of 2nd degree murder and were sentenced 15 years to life in prison.
    (SSFC, 5/15/05, p.A1)(SFC, 11/18/06, p.B3)
2005        Feb 20, John Raitt (88), singer Bonnie Raitt's father, died. He was famous in his own right as the robust baritone who livened musicals such as "Carousel" and "The Pajama Game." He also starred in the 1957 Pajama Game film with Doris Day.
    (AP, 2/21/05)
2005        Feb 20, Hunter S. Thompson (b.1937), gonzo journalist, committed suicide in Aspen, Colo. Thompson inserted himself into his accounts of America's underbelly and popularized a first-person form of journalism in books such as “The Rum Diary” (1998) and "Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas" (1972). His ashes were blown into the Colorado sky on Aug 20.
    (AP, 2/21/05)(SFC, 2/21/05, p.A8)(Econ, 2/26/05, p.86)(SSFC, 8/21/05, p.A6)
2005        Feb 20, Nearly 150,000 Turkish Cypriots and illegal mainland settlers voted in a parliamentary election for a government only recognized by Turkey but which is seen as a barometer of prospects for reunification of the war-divided island. The pro-reunification governing party of Mehmet Ali Talat won.
    (AP, 2/21/05)
2005        Feb 20, Former Presidents George H.W. Bush and Bill Clinton visited Indonesia's tsunami-ravaged Aceh province, flying over a vast wasteland of destruction.
    (AP, 2/20/05)
2005        Feb 20, Iraqi and US security forces surrounded the city of Ramadi in an effort to confront a simmering insurgency there.
    (SFC, 2/21/05, p.A8)
2005        Feb 20, Iraqi forces captured Talib Mikhlif Arsan Walman al-Dulaymi (aka Abu Qutaybah), a key aide to Jordanian-born terrorist Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, who leads an insurgency affiliated with Osama bin Laden's al-Qaida network.
    (AP, 2/25/05)
2005        Feb 20, The Irish government identified 3 top Sinn Fein figures, including Gerry Adams, as members of the IRA command.
    (SFC, 2/21/05, p.A3)
2005        Feb 20, Israel's Cabinet gave final approval to the government's planned withdrawal from the Gaza Strip and four West Bank settlements.
    (AP, 2/20/05)
2005        Feb 20, In Peru Maoist Shining Path insurgents ambushed and killed three policemen in Huallaga Valley, a remote jungle area known for guerrilla activity.
    (AP, 2/22/05)
2005        Feb 20, Portugal voted in an early general election. Socialists led by Jose Socrates swept PM Pedro Santana Lopes' centre-right Social Democrats from office on the back of rising unemployment.
    (AFP, 2/20/05)(Econ, 2/26/05, p.49)
2005        Feb 20, Spanish voters endorsed the EU constitution in a nonbinding referendum.
    (SFC, 2/21/05, p.A3)
2005        Feb 20, In southern Russian security forces stormed an apartment building in Nalchik, Kabardino-Balkariya, where a small group of suspected Islamic militants had barricaded themselves, killing all the rebels.
    (AP, 2/20/05)
2005        Feb 20, In Sudan Sheik Abdul-Rahim al-Buraei (82), a top Sufi Islamic cleric who wrote mystical poems and helped peace efforts, died.
    (AP, 2/21/05)

2005        Feb 21, In Brussels President Bush appealed to Europe to move beyond animosities over Iraq and join forces in encouraging democratic reforms across the Middle East. He also prodded Russia to reverse a crackdown on political dissent, demanded that Iran end its nuclear ambitions and told Syria to get out of Lebanon.
    (AP, 2/21/05)(SFC, 2/22/05, p.A1)
2005        Feb 21, The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention launched a campaign to make doctors and parents aware of the need of early diagnosis for autism. Children can be diagnosed as early as 18 months old.
    (AP, 2/22/05)
2005        Feb 21, The new Atomic Testing Museum opened in Las Vegas.
    (www.ntshf.org/)
2005        Feb 21, Heavy storms in California left 3 people dead.
    (WSJ, 2/22/05, p.A1)
2005        Feb 21, S. Ernest Vandiver Jr., former Georgia governor (1959-1963), died.
    (SFC, 2/24/05, p.B7)
2005        Feb 21, The British government said same-sex partners will be able to enter into civil unions from December, joining gays in parts of Europe and the United States in obtaining many of the rights enjoyed by married people.
    (AP, 2/21/05)
2005        Feb 21, A Chinese newspaper reported that the China Construction Bank is investigating the disappearance of $8 million, in the latest big embezzlement case to hit the country's scandal-ridden state banks.
    (AP, 2/21/05)
2005        Feb 21, In Colombia deadly weekend attacks left 9 people dead as rebels blacked out towns, shut down a highway, blew up a hotel and shattered notions that the nation's main insurgent group was on its knees.
    (AP, 2/21/05)
2005        Feb 21, In Colombia 8 civilians including 3 young children and a teenage girl were massacred near Apartado. A former mayor and a priest later blamed government troops for the massacre. UN officials later called for an investigation.
    (AP, 3/3/05)
2005        Feb 21, Ecuador opened the door to a U.N. probe into President Lucio Gutierrez's dismissal of the country's Supreme Court after the UN made a rare public appeal for an investigation.
    (Reuters, 2/21/05)
2005        Feb 21, Over 500 people rallied in Cairo to protest against a new term in office for Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak and against moves to enable his son Gamal to succeed him.
    (AFP, 2/21/05)
2005        Feb 21, In Indonesia a 30-foot-tall heap of garbage collapsed onto a neighborhood near the West Java town of Bandung, killing at least 19 people and crushing dozens of houses.
    (AP, 2/21/05)
2005        Feb 21, In Iraq a roadside bomb in southwestern Baghdad killed 3 US soldiers.
    (SFC, 2/22/05, p.A3)
2005        Feb 21, Israel freed 500 Palestinian prisoners in a goodwill gesture.
    (AP, 2/21/05)
2005        Feb 21, Kyodo News said that Japan's Princess Aiko, the 3-year-old daughter of Crown Prince Naruhito and his wife, will be next in line for the Chrysanthemum Throne after her father.
    (AP, 2/21/05)
2005        Feb 21, An official said avalanches and slides triggered by heavy weekend snowfall in India's portion of Kashmir had killed at least 249 people.
    (AP, 2/21/05)(AFP, 2/26/05)
2005        Feb 21, Former Presidents Bill Clinton and George H.W. Bush wrapped up their tour of tsunami-ravaged nations with a visit to the Maldives.
    (AP, 2/21/06)
2005        Feb 21, North Korea’s Kim told a visiting Chinese envoy that he is willing to return to 6-country talks if the US demonstrates its sincerity.
    (WSJ, 2/22/05, p.A1)
2005        Feb 21, PM Lee Hsien Loong said Singapore will lower personal income tax, reduce spending and aim for a modest surplus in its US$18.13 billion 2005 budget.
    (WSJ, 2/22/05, p.A12)
2005        Feb 21, In Sierra Leone an Australian investigator for a U.N.-backed war-crimes tribunal was convicted of sexually assaulting a 13-year-old girl who sought a job as a nanny in his household.
    (AP, 2/21/05)
2005        Feb 21, The Arab League chief said that Syria will "soon" take steps to withdraw its army from Lebanese areas in accordance with a 1989 agreement. Tens of thousands of opposition supporters shouted insults at Syria and demanded the resignation of their pro-Syrian government in a Beirut demonstration.
    (AP, 2/21/05)
2005        Feb 21, Togo Lawmakers amended the constitution to allow for elections within 60 days, but left the West African nation's military-appointed ruler in power in the interim despite intensifying pressure at home and abroad.
    (AP, 2/21/05)

2005        Feb 22, A Virginia man was charged with plotting with al-Qaida to kill President Bush. Ahmed Omar Abu Ali was convicted on all counts in November 2005.
    (AP, 2/22/06)
2005        Feb 22, The DJIA fell 174 points to 10,611 as oil prices soared to $51.15 per barrel. The Euro closed up at $1.326.
    (SFC, 2/23/05, p.C1)
2005        Feb 22, Supermarket giant Winn-Dixie Stores Inc., which has struggled to compete with Wal-Mart Supercenters and other grocery chains, said it has filed for bankruptcy reorganization.
    (AP, 2/22/05)
2005        Feb 22, Researchers at Texas Tech Univ. reported that the rocket fuel perchlorate has been found in women’s breast milk at 5 times the average level found in dairy milk.
    (SFC, 2/23/05, p.A6)
2005        Feb 22, PM John Howard said Australia will send an extra 450 troops to Iraq to help protect a Japanese humanitarian mission and bolster the country's transition to democracy.
    (AP, 2/22/05)
2005        Feb 22, In Belgium a Nato summit announced a 12-year program to destroy Soviet-era weapons in Ukraine. Ukraine’s Pres. Viktor Yushchenko attended.
    (WSJ, 2/22/05, p.A1)
2005        Feb 22, Britain said it will impose new penalties on Sinn Fein, the Irish Republican Army-linked party, as punishment for the IRA's alleged robbery of a Belfast bank.
    (AP, 2/22/05)
2005        Feb 22, Buckingham Palace said Queen Elizabeth III would not attend the civil marriage ceremony of her son Prince Charles and Camilla Parker Bowles, but that her absence should not be interpreted as a snub.
    (AP, 2/22/06)
2005        Feb 22, In Colombia government soldiers killed eight rebels over the past 2 days and discovered a large cache of weapons in dense southern jungles.
    (AP, 2/22/05)
2005        Feb 22, A US human rights advocacy group said the Egyptian government had shown a "shameless" lack of accountability by failing to name the 2,400 people it had detained for the Oct 7 Sinai terror attacks. Relatives were not told where they are held.
    (AP, 2/22/05)(WSJ, 2/23/05, p.A1)
2005        Feb 22, The EU intends to end its ban on arms sales to China, French Pres. Jacques Chirac said after talks with Pres. Bush, who highlighted Washington's security concerns.
    (AP, 2/22/05)
2005        Feb 22, In Indonesia Aceh separatists announced they are ready to accept increased autonomy rather than independence.
    (WSJ, 2/23/05, p.A1)
2005        Feb 22, In central Iran’s Kerman province a 6.4 earthquake flattened villages and collapsed mud-brick homes, killing over 500 people and injuring nearly 1,000.
    (AP, 2/23/05)(SFC, 2/24/05, p.A11)
2005        Feb 22, Interim Iraqi Vice President Ibrahim al-Jaafari was chosen as his Shiite ticket's candidate for prime minister after Ahmad Chalabi dropped his bid.
    (AP, 2/22/05)
2005        Feb 22, Montenegro's President Filip Vujanovic and PM Milo Djukanovic proposed the peaceful disintegration of Serbia-Montenegro, suggesting that the two former Yugoslav republics recognize each other as sovereign states.
    (AP, 2/23/05)
2005        Feb 22, It was reported that Norway finished 2004 with the world’s best performing equities market, based on nominal return on equity investment in dollar terms.
    (WSJ, 2/22/05, p.C20)
2005        Feb 22, Palestinian Prime Minister Ahmed Qureia promised a drastic overhaul of his Cabinet, signaling the start of long-sought reform.
    (AP, 2/22/05)
2005        Feb 22, Zdzislaw Beksinski, a surrealist painter who was one of Poland's leading contemporary artists, was found stabbed to death at his Warsaw home.
    (AP, 2/22/05)

2005        Feb 23, Pres. Bush and German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder pledged to help developing nations cut back on their output of greenhouse gases. They also agreed to turn down the volume on their disagreements about Iraq and Iran.
    (SFC, 2/26/05, p.A1)(AP, 2/23/06)
2005        Feb 23, A real estate report said uptown Manhattan, condo and co-op apartments sold for a median price of $305,490 in 2004, up a whopping 349.3 percent from $68,000 in 1995.
    (Reuters, 2/23/05)
2005        Feb 23, In Homosassa, Florida, Jessica Marie Lunsford (9), was last seen when her grandmother tucked her into bed. The next morning, her father discovered she was gone. [see Mar 19]
    (AP, 2/27/05)
2005        Feb 23, In Afghanistan 2 Afghan relief workers were found shot to death on a remote southern desert road.
    (SFC, 2/24/05, p.A10)
2005        Feb 23, A military jury convicted two British servicemen on charges of involvement in abusing Iraqi civilians.
    (AP, 2/23/05)
2005        Feb 23, Colombia's Supreme Court authorized the extradition to the US of Miguel Rodriguez Orejuela, who along with his brother Gilberto helped found the Cali drug cartel. In central Colombia a leftist rebel deserter killed 7 of his comrades before fleeing his clandestine camp.
    (AP, 2/23/05)
2005        Feb 23, Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak said that he expects further Syrian troop redeployments in Lebanon, and he dispatched his intelligence chief to Damascus to meet with President Bashar Assad to discuss increasing American and European pressure on Syria.
    (AP, 2/23/05)
2005        Feb 23, French film star Simone Simon (b.1910) died in Paris.
    (AP, 2/23/06)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simon)
2005        Feb 23, India and Pakistan agreed to cut red tape and ease barriers that hamper bilateral trade.
    (AP, 2/23/05)
2005        Feb 23, In India 4 people were killed in police firing and a blast in Jharkhand and Bihar in the final round of assembly elections.
    (AP, 2/23/05)
2005        Feb 23, In Iraq a car bomb exploded in Mosul, killing 2 people and wounding 14 others.
    (AP, 2/23/05)
2005        Feb 23, Mexico’s high court blocked prosecution of ex-President Echeverria for “dirty war” crimes in the 1970s ruling that the statute of limitations has run out.
    (WSJ, 2/24/05, p.A1)
2005        Feb 23, In northern Nigeria hunters burning land to flush out game set fire to a munitions dump, triggering a string of explosions which damaged military buildings and spread panic in the city of Kaduna.
    (AP, 2/24/05)
2005        Feb 23, Paraguay President Nicanor Duarte sacked his interior minister and 31 police officers, shaking up his security forces a week after the kidnapped daughter of a former Paraguayan leader was found dead.
    (AP, 2/23/05)
2005        Feb 23, Serbia's prime minister and other top officials flatly rejected Montenegro's proposal for a final split of their joint state.
    (AP, 2/23/05)
2005        Feb 23, In Sudan an explosion at an ammunition dump in the southern town of Juba killed 24 people.
    (Reuters, 2/23/05)
2005        Feb 23, Turkey's parliament approved legislation allowing thousands of students thrown out of universities to return, including women who violated the staunchly secular country's ban on Islamic-style head scarves.
    (AP, 2/23/05)

2005        Feb 24, In Ohio Rosemarie Essa was killed in a car crash after losing consciousness. Her husband Dr. Yazeed Essa vanished in 2006 and was arrested months later in Cyprus. In 2009 he returned to Cleveland to face murder charges. In 2010 Dr. Essa (41) was convicted of lacing her calcium supplement with cyanide so that he could be with his mistress.
    (SSFC, 1/11/09, p.A4)(www.amw.com/fugitives/case.cfm?id=37583)(SFC, 3/6/10, p.A5)
2005        Feb 24, In southeastern Afghanistan Taliban insurgents launched 3 separate attacks, killing 9 Afghan troops and wounding an American soldier while sustaining heavy casualties themselves.
    (AP, 2/25/05)
2005        Feb 24, Australian PM John Howard dismissed as "alarmist" a warning by his government's chief economic adviser that the US was heading for a financial crash that could ravage the global economy.
    (AP, 2/25/05)
2005        Feb 24, Anglican leaders forced a suspension of the US Episcopal Church and Canadian adherents due to same sex marriages and ordaining gay clergy.
    (WSJ, 2/25/05, p.A1)
2005        Feb 24, PM Paul Martin said that Canada would not join the contentious US ballistic missile defense (BMD) program.
    (AP, 2/24/05)(Econ, 3/5/05, p.38)
2005        Feb 24, India’s cabinet lifted restraints on foreign ownership of some real estate projects. A minimum of 25 acres was established with requirements for development of infrastructure prior to resale.
    (WSJ, 2/25/05, p.A16)
2005        Feb 24, A suicide bomber wearing a police uniform blew up his car at police headquarters in Tikrit, killing at least 15 people in Saddam Hussein's hometown in the bloodiest of several attacks that claimed 30 lives. Two American soldiers were among the dead.
    (AP, 2/24/05)
2005        Feb 24, In Indian-controlled Kashmir 2 armed militants stormed a government office complex, prompting a four-hour gunbattle that left seven people dead, including the attackers.
    (AP, 2/24/05)
2005        Feb 24, Lebanon's defense minister said Syria will withdraw troops from mountain and coastal areas in Lebanon in line with a 1989 agreement.
    (AP, 2/24/05)
2005        Feb 24, In western Mexico an executive jet crashed, killing the governor of Colima state and all five other people aboard.
    (AP, 2/24/05)
2005        Feb 24, The Palestinian parliament approved a 24-member Cabinet dominated by professional appointees, including nearly half with doctoral degrees, in a major move toward long-promised government reform.
    (AP, 2/24/05)
2005        Feb 24, The Serbian government said retired Bosnian Serb General Milan Gvero surrendered to the UN war crimes tribunal at The Hague.
    (AP, 2/21/05)(SFC, 2/25/05, p.A3)
2005        Feb 24, In Slovakia Pres. Bush and Russian Pres. Vladimir Putin sought common ground on keeping conventional and nuclear weapons out of the hands of terrorists. The US and Russia agreed to enhance nuclear security cooperation and to try to complete negotiations on Russia's entry into the World Trade Organization (WTO) this year.
    (AP, 2/24/05)
2005        Feb 24, Pope John Paul II underwent an operation to insert a tube in his throat to relieve his breathing problems, hours after he was rushed back to the hospital for the second time in a month with flu-like symptoms.
    (AP, 2/24/06)

2005        Feb 25, Kansas police arrested Dennis Rader, a 59-year-old city worker at his suburban home in Park City. They believe he is the notorious BTK (bind, torture, kill) serial killer who terrorized Wichita throughout the 1970s. He resurfaced about a year ago after 25 years of silence. He later pleaded guilty and was sentenced to 10 life prison terms.
    (SSFC, 2/27/05, p.A3)(AP, 2/25/06)
2005        Feb 25, Hall of Fame basketball coach John Chaney was suspended for the rest of the regular season by Philadelphia’s Temple Univ. for ordering rough play by one of his players during a game against Saint Joseph's.
    (AP, 2/25/06)
2005        Feb 25, Bank of America reported the loss of computer tapes containing personal information on 1.2 million federal employees including some US Senate members.
    (SFC, 2/26/05, p.A1)
2005        Feb 25, The Walt Disney Co. agreed to sell the Anaheim Mighty Ducks hockey team to billionaire Henry Samueli and his wife, Susan, for $75 million.
    (AP, 2/25/06)
2005        Feb 25, Peter Benenson (83), founder of Amnesty International (1961), died in Oxford, England. Amnesty Int’l. won a Nobel Prize in 1977.
    (SFC, 2/28/05, p.B3)(Econ, 3/5/05, p.85)
2005        Feb 25, Argentina’s debt swap offer, to cover a total debt of $102.6 billion, closed. Argentina planned to issue $35.2 billion in new bonds to those who accepted the swap. Owners of 76% of the 2001 defaulted bonds accepted the swap losing 65% of their investment. In 2008 a proposal was in the works to settle with the remaining holdouts.
    (WSJ, 3/28/05, p.A14)(Econ, 9/27/08, p.49)
2005        Feb 25, Brazil’s government awarded a disputed patch of Amazon rainforest to a sustainable development project championed by the slain American nun Dorothy Stang.
    (AP, 2/26/05)
2005        Feb 25, President Alvaro Uribe on authorized the extradition to the US of a female commander with Colombia's largest rebel group who was allegedly a chief of finances for the armed organization.
    (AP, 2/25/05)
2005        Feb 25, In Congo militiamen in the volatile Ituri district ambushed UN troops. 9 Bangladeshi peacekeepers were killed in what was the 4th deadliest attack on UN troops in Africa.
    (AP, 2/25/05)
2005        Feb 25, Atef Sedki (75), former PM of Egypt (1986-1996), died. He helped steer Egypt toward a market-oriented economy.
    (AP, 2/25/05)
2005        Feb 25, French Finance Minister Herve Gaymard quit over his handling of a scandal about his state-paid luxury flat that rocked a conservative government as it forces unpopular cost-cutting measures on a restive nation.
    (AP, 2/25/05)
2005        Feb 25, Sima Bakhar, Mrs. Israel, won the Mrs. World 2005 pageant at Amby Valley, 140 kilometers ( 87 miles) north of Bombay, India. Forty-one contestants from across the globe participated in the pageant, held first time in India.
    (AP, 2/25/05)
2005        Feb 25, In Iraq a roadside bomb blast killed three US soldiers and wounded eight others north of Baghdad. Saboteurs blew up an oil pipeline in northern Iraq. In Mosul the body of Raiedah Mohammed Wageh Wazan, a female Iraqi television presenter kidnapped last week, was found dead from 4 gunshots to the head.
    (AP, 2/25/05)(AP, 2/26/05)
2005        Feb 25, A Palestinian suicide bomber blew himself up in a crowd of young Israelis waiting outside the Stage nightclub near Tel Aviv's beachfront promenade just before midnight, killing at least four other people, wounding dozens.
    (AP, 2/25/05)(SFC, 2/26/05, p.A1)
2005        Feb 25, Gapminder was founded in Stockholm by Ola Rosling, Anna Rosling Rönnlund and Hans Rosling. It is a non-profit venture promoting sustainable global development and achievement of the United Nations Millennium Development Goals by increased use and understanding of statistics and other information about social, economic and environmental development at local, national and global levels.
    (www.gapminder.org/about-gapminder/)(Econ, 12/11/10, TQ p.26)
2005        Feb 25, In Togo Faure Gnassingbe, whose predecessor — his father — had been Africa's longest-serving leader, stepped down as a result of almost unprecedented African resolve against an old-style coup d'etat.
    (AP, 2/26/05)
2005        Feb 25, The Zimbabwe government accused the independent Weekly Times of violating its operating license and ordered it to shut down.
    (SSFC, 2/27/05, p.A3)

2005        Feb 26, Addressing the nation's governors, Microsoft co-founder Bill Gates delivered a scathing critique of U.S. high schools, calling them obsolete and saying that elected officials should be ashamed of a system that leaves millions of students unprepared for college and for technical jobs.
    (LAT, 2/28/05)
2005        Feb 26, Walter Anderson (51), telecommunications entrepreneur, was arrested and charged with evading $200 million in federal and local taxes.
    (SFC, 3/1/05, p.A3)
2005        Feb 26, The prosecution and defense both rested their cases in the Robert Blake murder trial in Los Angeles.
    (AP, 2/26/06)
2005        Feb 26, Henry A. Grunwald (82), former Time magazine editor and US ambassador to Austria,  died in New York.
    (AP, 2/26/06)
2005        Feb 26, Jef Raskin (61), computer pioneer, died in Pacifica, Ca. he led the shift to a graphical interface with Apple’s Macintosh.
    (WSJ, 3/1/05, p.A1)
2005        Feb 26, In Brazil Cleone Santos and Magnaldo Santos, known as Negao, were taken into custody, for aiding 2 gunmen who shot 73-year-old Dorothy Stang on Feb. 12.
    (AP, 2/28/05)
2005        Feb 26, Fespaco, the biennial pan-African festival of cinema and television, opened in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
    (Econ, 2/19/05, p.82)
2005        Feb 26, China state television said China will gradually open its capital account in 2005, another step in its plan to make the yuan currency fully convertible.
    (AP, 2/26/05)
2005        Feb 26, Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak ordered a revision of the country's election laws and said multiple candidates could run in the nation's presidential elections.
    (AP, 2/26/05)
2005        Feb 26, In Haiti a Brazilian peacekeeper was wounded and the charred body of a man apparently burned alive with a tire around his neck lay in the deserted street of a slum where shots rang out and people peered fearfully from barred windows.
    (AP, 2/26/05)
2005        Feb 26, Iraqi security forces captured a son of one of Saddam Hussein's half brothers, who allegedly financed the insurgency, in a raid on suspected militants near Tikrit. Ayman Sabawi is the son of Sabawi Ibrahim al-Hassan, a half brother of Saddam's, who served as a presidential adviser before the US-led invasion.
    (AP, 5/4/05)
2005        Feb 26, In Baghdad a suicide bomber detonated his vehicle alongside an M1 Abrams tank and killed himself and two Iraqis. A US soldier died during a sweep for insurgents west of Baghdad. A car bomb in the Mussayyib district south of Baghdad killed an Iraqi soldier.
    (AP, 2/26/05)(SSFC, 2/27/05, p.A10)
2005        Feb 26, Japan put a weather satellite into space for the first time since a humiliating failure 15 months ago in hopes of entering the launch market.
    (SSFC, 2/27/05, p.A3)
2005        Feb 26, Malaysia's PM Badawi told Proton to set its sights abroad as he launched the national carmaker's 1.8 billion ringgit (474 million dollar) new manufacturing plant.
    (AP, 2/26/05)
2005        Feb 26, Nepal's rebel chief said he was lifting a crippling countrywide blockade of roads by his fighters to ease the discomfort of common people.
    (AP, 2/26/05)
2005        Feb 26, Palestinian and Israeli security forces arrested 7 suspected militants in connection with a suicide bombing that killed four Israelis at a Tel Aviv nightclub. The bomber was identified as Abdullah Badran (21), a student from the West Bank village of Deir al-Ghusun.
    (AP, 2/26/05)(SSFC, 2/27/05, p.A7)
2005        Feb 26, In Taiwan a fire raged through the top floors of a highrise building in the central city of Taichung, killing at least two people.
    (AP, 2/26/05)
2005        Feb 26, Thailand police reported 4 more people killed in surging violence in the Muslim south. PM Shinawatra defended his hard-line policies and accused his critics of sympathizing with separatists.
    (AP, 2/26/05)
2005        Feb 26, Togo’s Congress named deputy speaker Bonfoh Abbass as interim president until nationwide elections can be held in the coming months.
    (AP, 2/27/05)
2005        Feb 26, The Ukraine cabinet stripped former president Leonid Kuchma of a plush and widely criticized retirement package that featured a monthly pension, two cars, a government home and much more.
    (AP, 2/26/05)

2005        Feb 27, In the 77th Academy Awards “Million Dollar Baby” won 4 Oscars including best picture, best actress (Hilary Swank), best supporting actor (Morgan Freeman) and best director (Clint Eastwood); Jamie Foxx won for best actor (Ray); Cate Blanchett won best supporting actress (Aviator).
    (SFC, 2/28/05, p.C4)
2005        Feb 27, Iran and Russia signed a deal that would deliver nuclear fuel to the Middle East country for the startup of its first reactor.
    (AP, 2/27/05)
2005        Feb 27, Iraqi security forces reported the capture of Saddam Hussein's half-brother and former adviser. Sabawi Ibrahim al-Hassan, the 6 of diamonds, was No. 36 on the list of 55 most-wanted Iraqis. Syria captured al-Hassan and 29 other fugitives and handed them over to Iraqi security. 2 American soldiers were killed in an ambush in the capital.
    (AP, 2/27/05)(SFC, 2/28/05, p.A1)
2005        Feb 27, Kyrgyzstan faced a key test of its commitment to democracy in parliamentary elections amid tension over the exclusion of a number of opposition figures and prominent lawmakers. Some opposition figures and prominent politicians disqualified from the ballot in a country once seen as an island of democracy in former Soviet Central Asia.
    (AP, 2/27/05)(AP, 2/28/05)
2005        Feb 27, Bayaman Erkinbayev, a wealthy playboy and head of the Palvan Corporation, led 2,000 fighters trained in Alysh, Kyrgyzstan's answer to Kung Fu, to protests launched after the first round of a parliamentary election.
    (AP, 3/28/05)
2005        Feb 27, At least 15 people died in a fresh burst of violence in southern Nepal, after communist rebels lifted a two-week highway blockade.
    (Reuters, 2/27/05)
2005        Feb 27, Qatar signed an agreement with Royal Dutch/Shell to develop a liquefied natural gas plant. Qatar Petroleum and Exxon Mobil launched their 12.8 billion Qatar Gas II joint venture to export LNS to the United Kingdom.
    (WSJ, 2/28/05, p.B2)
2005        Feb 27, In southeastern Pakistan at least 10 children died when a bus carrying them on a school field trip drove off a highway.
    (AP, 2/27/05)
2005        Feb 27, Tajikistan voters cast their ballots in parliamentary elections. President Emomali Rakhmonov's National Democratic party won the election overwhelmingly with nearly 75 percent of the vote. The opposition earned only two of 63 seats in Parliament. The EU said "significant breaches" were reported during the vote, including proxy voting, obstruction of election observers and irregularities in vote counting.
    (AP, 3/5/05)
2005        Feb 27, The tiny Pacific island nation of Tokelau called for food and medical supplies, and there were "grave concerns" for residents on Swain's Island in American Samoa after Cyclone Percy pounded the area.
    (AP, 2/27/05)
2005        Feb 27, Togo demonstrators protested against the new president, lighting flaming barricades in the capital's streets and throwing rocks at riot police who fired tear gas to keep crowds from moving toward government buildings. They claimed the position should have gone to the parliament speaker, a ruling-party loyalist, who was fired after he refused to return to the country in the early days of the crisis.
    (AP, 2/27/05)
2005        Feb 27, Pope John Paul II made a surprise first public appearance after surgery, appearing at his Rome hospital window.
    (AP, 2/27/06)

2005        Feb 28, The US Mint began distributing new buffalo nickels to banks. The reverse side showed a bolder profile of Thomas Jefferson.
    (SFC, 2/26/05, p.A3)
2005        Feb 28, Michael Jackson faced opening statements in Santa Maria, Ca., in his trial on child molestation charges.
    (SFC, 3/1/05, p.A1)
2005        Feb 28, US District Judge Joan Humphrey Lefkow discovered the bodies of her husband and mother inside her Chicago home. An unemployed electrician confessed to the murders in a suicide note. In 2002 she had ordered the white supremacist group World Church of the Creator under Matthew Hale to remove the World Church name from its website. A cigarette butt found in Judge Joan Humphrey Lefkow's house was matched to the electrician, Bart Ross, who killed himself Mar 9 during a traffic stop in Wisconsin, and left a suicide note claiming responsibility for the  killings. Lefkow last fall dismissed a rambling lawsuit in which Ross claimed that cancer treatments had disfigured his face.
    (SFC, 3/2/05, p.A13)(AP, 3/11/05)(SFC, 3/11/05, p.A1)(AP, 2/28/06)
2005        Feb 28, Federated Dept. Stores announced the acquisition of may Dept. Stores for $11 billion in cash and stock.
    (SFC, 3/1/05, p.A1)
2005        Feb 28, African Union (AU) chairman, Nigeria's President Olusegun Obasanjo, met Sudan's first vice president Ali Taha over the bloody crisis in Darfur region.
    (AFP, 2/28/05)
2005        Feb 28, In Britain the Duchess of Northumberland opened her new Poison Garden, dedicated to the world’s most venomous and hallucinogenic plants. It was a part of Alnwick Garden opened in 2002.
    (SFC, 10/29/05, p.F7)(www.alnwickgarden.com/media/in_the_press.asp)
2005        Feb 28, Burundians voted on a new constitution that enshrines Hutu control by allotting them 60% of parliamentary seats with 40% for Tutsis.
    (WSJ, 3/1/05, p.A1)
2005        Feb 28, Thierry Breton arrived for work as France's 4th finance minister in less than a year, ready to pick up the unfinished business of restoring the French economy to good health.
    (AP, 2/28/05)
2005        Feb 28, In Grenada Alister Hughes (86), respected journalists known for his coverage of Grenada's political woes and the US invasion in 1983, died of a stroke.
    (AP, 3/2/05)
2005        Feb 28, India's communist-backed coalition government unveiled a budget aimed at boosting growth to help the rural poor but warned this would be at the expense of tackling a bloated deficit.
    (AP, 2/28/05)
2005        Feb 28, Indonesia welcomed a move by the US to resume a small but high-profile US military training program that was frozen in the 1990s because of human rights abuses in East Timor. Human rights groups condemned the decision.
    (Reuters, 2/28/05)
2005        Feb 28, In Iraq a suicide car bomber blasted a crowd of police and national guard recruits as they gathered for physicals outside a medical clinic in Hillah, south of Baghdad, killing 125 people and wounding 132.
    (AP, 3/1/05)(AP, 2/28/06)
2005        Feb 28, Israeli troops discovered a vehicle packed with half a ton of explosives in the West Bank, the largest bomb found in four years of fighting.
    (AP, 3/1/05)
2005        Feb 28, Defying a ban on protests, about 10,000 people demonstrated against Syrian interference in Lebanon, as opposition lawmakers sought to bring down the pro-Damascus government. The pro-Damascus PM Omar Karami and his Cabinet resigned.
    (AP, 2/28/05)(SFC, 3/1/05, p.A1)
2005        Feb 28, Mexican prosecutors charged 27 state, federal and local police in Cancun with running a drug ring or aiding in the murder of their fellow officers, busting one of Mexico's largest police-protection rackets and solving the mystery behind the killing of three federal agents in November.
    (AP, 3/1/05)
2005        Feb 28, In Nepal at least 50 Maoist rebels and 4 soldiers were killed in a gunbattle in the western Bardiya district.
    (AP, 3/1/05)
2005        Feb 28, In Tajikistan opposition parties alleged systematic vote-rigging and other breaches during weekend parliamentary elections in the former Soviet republic.
    (AP, 2/28/05)

2005        Feb, FBI agents arrested thieves, who were unloading a semitrailer of DVDs originating from a warehouse in Memphis, Tenn., for delivery in Chicago. 2 of the men arrested were deputy jailers with the Cook County Sheriff’s Police Dept. It was reported that hundreds of semitrailers are stolen or filched from every day in the US.
    (WSJ, 9/29/05, p.B1)
2005        Feb, Bulgaria’s parliament passed a law authorizing the confiscation of illegally obtained assets. Widespread money laundering had manifested itself in a construction boom in tourist areas and other sudden explosions of wealth. The audacity of the crime bosses, who intimidate normal Bulgarians with their gun-toting entourages, has angered many and may play a role in whether Saxe-Coburg will hold on to power in summer elections.
    (AP, 4/3/05)
2005        Feb, China issued a government document that allowed private investment in any business not banned by law.
    (Econ, 3/19/05, p.72)
2005        Feb, China said that 10 regions had begun a pilot project in green GDP assessment, in an effort to assess environmental costs in development.
    (Econ, 10/22/05, p.43)
2005        Feb, A group called the Environmental Investigation Agency alleged that $600 million worth of timber was being smuggled from Indonesia to China every month. Pres. Yudhojono pledged a crackdown in March with Operation Sustainable Forest. The EIA described a timber-smuggling chain bringing 300,000 cubic meters of merbau, a valuable hardwood, from Indonesia’s Papua province to China. EIA claimed Indonesia was losing an area of forest the size of Switzerland every year.
    (Econ, 3/26/05, p.42)(Econ, 5/7/05, p.39)
2005        Feb, France passed a law to put an upbeat spin on a painful era, making it mandatory to enshrine in textbooks the country's "positive role" in its far-flung colonies. Education Minister Gilles de Robien said in October that textbooks would not be changed. But the law's detractors want it stricken from the books, something the minister says only parliament can do.
    (AP, 10/21/05)
2005        Feb, Sabino Mobile, an Italian tourist visiting Colombia with his family, was kidnapped and murdered by paramilitary gunmen. Police later arrested 9 people, including right-wing paramilitary leader Ruben Oliverio Vera Roldan.
    (AP, 3/2/05)
2005        Feb, The Dominican Republic secured a $665 million loan from the IMF.
    (Econ, 5/28/05, p.42)
2005        Feb, In Ethiopia hominid bones indicting bipedalism were discovered at a new site called Mille, in the northeastern Afar region. They were estimated to be 3.8-4 million years old.
    (AP, 3/6/05)
2005        Feb, An Iraqi TV program began airing confessions of alleged insurgents. The program later came under criticism from Iraqi lawyers, former detainees and families of suspects who accused security officials of abusing suspects to extract the confessions.
    (AP, 7/6/05)
2005        Feb, Bao You Xiang, head of Myanmar’s Wa Special Region No. 2, allowed farmers one last opium harvest prior to enforcing and absolute ban. The region was controlled by the United Wa State Army (UWSA), which produced heroin and methamphetamine to buy weapons.
    (Econ, 2/12/05, p.42)(Econ, 11/27/10, p.52)
2005        Feb, Emmerson Bockarie released an album called “Bor Bor Belleh” (Fat Belly Boys), a reference to corrupt officials hampering Sierra Leone development.
    (Econ, 6/25/05, p.46)
2005        Feb, Vietnam signed an agreement with the World Society for the Protection of Animals to phase out its bear bile farms, where an estimated 3,000 bears were held for their bile. In China an estimated 7,000 caged bears were milked for their bile.
    (SFC, 4/23/05, p.A8)
2005        Feb, Zimbabwe Pres. Mugabe fell out with Jonathan Moyo and fired him as information minister.
    (AP, 8/22/05)

2005        Mar 1, The US Supreme Court ruled 5-4 that executing murderers under age 18 is unconstitutional.
    (SFC, 3/2/05, p.A1)
2005        Mar 1, Dennis Rader, the churchgoing family man accused of leading a double life as the BTK serial killer, was charged in Wichita, Kan., with 10 counts of first-degree murder. Rader later pleaded guilty and received multiple life sentences.
    (AP, 3/1/06)
2005        Mar 1, In Congo UN peacekeeping troops, backed by an attack helicopter, responded after being fired on and killed up to 60 militants accused of terrorizing villagers and killing nine Bangladeshi peacekeepers. Congo arrested an eastern militia leader and 2 generals related to the peacekeeper killings. Women fighters were among the 50 people killed by UN troops under Dutch Gen. Patrick Cammaert. On April 12 the human rights group Justice Plus listed names of several alleged civilian victims from the raid in eastern Congo and said they "paid with their life, while the mandate of the United Nations was to protect them."
    (AP, 3/2/05)(WSJ, 3/2/05, p.A1)(Reuters, 3/5/05)(Econ, 3/12/05, p.49)(AP, 4/13/05)
2005        Mar 1, French journalist Florence Aubenas, looking pale and distraught, appealed for help on a video in her first since she went missing in Iraq on Jan. 5.
    (AP, 3/1/05)
2005        Mar 1, In Guatemala City some 8,000 protesters, most of them teachers, demonstrated in the capital against a pending free-trade agreement between Central America and the US.
    (AP, 3/2/05)
2005        Mar 1, Indonesia reduced subsidies on various fuels.
    (Econ, 3/5/05, p.43)
2005        Mar 1, In northern Baghdad's Azamyiah district gunmen killed judge Barwez Mohammed Mahmoud (59) and his lawyer son, members of Iraq’s war crimes tribunal.
    (AP, 3/2/05)(SFC, 3/2/05, p.A12)
2005        Mar 1, Lebanon's president took on the task of forming a new government, while opposition leaders shook off the jubilation of using people power to force out a pro-Syrian Cabinet.
    (AP, 3/1/05)
2005        Mar 1, Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas pledged to reform Palestinian security. Militants in the West Bank town of Jenin issued a belligerent challenge to the new Palestinian leadership's efforts to rein in militant groups, shooting in the air and demanding that the visiting security chief, Interior Minister Nasser Yousef, leave the area immediately.
    (AP, 3/1/05)
2005        Mar 1, In Geneva, Switz., Edouard Stern, French financier and former Lazard banker, was found dead in his home. Swiss police later arrested Cecile Brossard (36), his French lover, who confessed to the sex-related killing of banker Edouard Stern. During her trial in 2009 she said that she lost control after Stern called her a whore. On June 18, 2009, Brossard was sentenced to eight and a half years in prison.
    (WSJ, 3/3/05, p.A1)(AP, 3/16/05)(WSJ, 4/14/05, p.A1)(SFC, 6/15/09, p.A2)(AP, 6/18/09)
2005        Mar 1, Ukraine’s top security body decided to Ukrainian troops from Iraq.
    (SFC, 3/2/05, p.A12)   
2005        Mar 1, Dr. Tabare Vazquez (65) took office as Uruguay's first socialist president, joining the ranks of left-leaning leaders in Latin America, now six in all, governing a majority of the region's people with a cautious approach to U.S.-backed free-market policies. In one of his first official acts, he restored full diplomatic ties with communist Cuba, more than two years after a diplomatic row divided the countries.
    (AP, 3/1/05)

2005        Mar 2, President Bush demanded in blunt terms that Syria get out of Lebanon.
    (AP, 3/2/05)
2005        Mar 2, The number of U.S. military deaths in Iraq reached 1,500.
    (AP, 3/2/06)
2005        Mar 2, Alan Greenspan warned that US federal budget deficits are unsustainable and urged Congress to cut spending.
    (SFC, 3/3/05, p.A1)
2005        Mar 2, The US Treasury proposed rules for a new Roth 401(k).
    (SFC, 3/3/05, p.C1)
2005        Mar 2, The woman who accused NBA star Kobe Bryant of rape settled her lawsuit against him, ending the case.
    (AP, 3/2/06)
2005        Mar 2, It was reported that the Palm Beach, Fla., hedge fund KL Financial, with assets of $200 million, had run out of funds.
    (WSJ, 3/2/05, p.C1)
2005        Mar 2, In Florida dozens of dolphins beached on the Florida Keys. Sonar from a US submarine was later suspected.
    (SSFC, 3/6/05, p.A3)
2005        Mar 2, In Tennessee a school bus driver was shot and killed by a 14-year old student, who was recently disciplined by the driver for using snuff.
    (WSJ, 3/3/05, p.A1)
2005        Mar 2, In Afghanistan Pres. Karzai appointed Habiba Sarobi as governor of Bamiyan province, making her Afghanistan’s 1st female governor.
    (SFC, 3/3/05, p.A10)
2005        Mar 2, In eastern Afghanistan a gunbattle between U.S.-led coalition forces and militants left three militants and two civilians dead.
    (AP, 3/5/05)
2005        Mar 2, Australia’s central bank raised interest rates to 5.5% from 5.25%. The 2004 annual growth rate was reported to be 1.5%.
    (WSJ, 3/3/05, p.A11)
2005        Mar 2, In Azerbaijan Elmar Huseinov, founder and editor of the opposition magazine Monitor, was shot to death in the entryway of his Baku apartment building.
    (AP, 3/3/05)
2005        Mar 2, Brazil's lower house of Congress overwhelmingly approved a law creating a framework to legalize biotech seed sales for genetically modified crops.
    (AP, 3/3/05)
2005        Mar 2, In northern China a cache of explosives at the home of a coal mine manager blew up in Kecheng, killing him and at least 10 others including 2 children at a nearby school.
    (AP, 3/3/05)(SFC, 3/3/05, p.A6)
2005        Mar 2, Queen Elizabeth II dubbed Bill Gates (49) an honorary noble.
    (SFC, 3/3/05, p.A2)
2005        Mar 2, France's newly appointed Finance Minister Thierry Breton pledged to keep a tight lid on public spending in an effort to rein in the budget deficit.
    (AP, 3/2/05)
2005        Mar 2, Two car bombs killed at least 14 Iraqi soldiers in separate attacks, and the al-Qaida group in Iraq claimed responsibility for one.
    (SFC, 3/3/05, p.A6)(WSJ, 3/3/05, p.A1)
2005        Mar 2, Pakistani police arrested a man wanted in the murder of Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl and already sentenced to death in absentia for a hotel bombing that killed 11 French engineers.
    (AP, 3/2/05)
2005        Mar 2, Former Serbian army chief Gen. Momcilo Perisic, a one-time ally of ex-president Slobodan Milosevic, said that he has been indicted by the UN war crimes court and will surrender next week.
    (AP, 3/3/05)
2005        Mar 2, In a new book entitled "Mari, the Metropolis of the Euphrates," Jean-Claude Margueron said the third millennium BC city, in modern day Syria, was "one of the first modern cities of humanity.
    (AP, 3/2/05)
2005        Mar 2, It was reported that the bodies of at least 34 men found in Venezuela's central Guarico state in the past three years had burns, bruises and cuts suggesting they were tortured before being executed.
    (AP, 3/2/05)

2005        Mar 3, President Bush visited CIA headquarters, where he promised agency employees they would retain an “incredibly vital” role in safeguarding the nation’s security despite the creation of a new post of national director of intelligence.
    (AP, 3/3/06)
2005        Mar 3, Millionaire adventurer Steve Fossett became the first person to fly around the world alone without stopping or refueling, touching down in central Kansas after a 67-hour, 23-thousand-mile journey.
    (AP, 3/3/06)
2005        Mar 3, Traders pushed the wholesale price of gasoline to a record high.
    (SFC, 3/4/05, p.C1)
2005        Mar 3, AOL launched a new beta version of its web browser Netscape 8.0.
    (WSJ, 3/3/05, p.B1)
2005        Mar 3, A UN report on AIDS in Africa said 80 million may be dead by 2025 with over 10% of the population infected.
    (WSJ, 3/4/05, p.A1)
2005        Mar 3, An Arab League meeting opened in Cairo. An Arab diplomat said Syria has told Arab countries it needs to keep 3,000 troops and early-warning stations inside Lebanon to maintain its security despite international pressure for a full withdrawal. Saudi Arabia told Syria to withdraw its troops.
    (AP, 3/3/05)(SFC, 3/4/05, p.A3)
2005        Mar 3, In western Canada 4 Mounties were killed while they were investigating an illegal marijuana farm. Suspect James Roszko (46) killed himself after shooting the officers.
    (AP, 3/4/05)
2005        Mar 3, The seven Central American nations (Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and Panama) agreed to create a rapid-response force to combat drug trafficking, terrorism and other regional threats.
    (AP, 3/3/05)
2005        Mar 3, In France a trial got under way in which 66 people were accused of participating in a pedophilia ring.
    (AP, 3/3/05)
2005        Mar 3, In Indonesia the alleged leader of a militant Islamic group was sentenced to 2 1/2 years in prison for conspiracy in the 2002 Bali nightclub bombings that killed 202 people but was cleared of more serious charges.
    (AP, 3/3/05)
2005        Mar 3, In Iraq car bombs killed six policemen and wounded 15 in new attacks on security services as political factions wrangled over putting together a government.
    (AP, 3/3/05)
2005        Mar 3, Libyan leader Moamer Kadhafi issued a call for economic liberalization in the North African state.
    (AP, 3/3/05)
2005        Mar 3, In Nigeria thousands of rioters wielding sticks and broken bottles burned down a police station in Makurdi, protesting the police killing of a bus driver who apparently refused to pay a bribe equivalent to 14 cents.
    (AP, 3/3/05)
2005        Mar 3, Pakistani tribal militants, demanding greater political and economic rights, blew up a railway line to Iran in the third attack on the track in recent weeks.
    (AP, 3/3/05)
2005        Mar 3, Men in eastern and southern Saudi Arabia turned out in the thousands to vote in municipal elections. They expect to provide their first say in decision-making in this absolute monarchy.
    (AP, 3/3/05)

2005        Mar 4, Pres. Bush nominated career scientist Stephen L. Johnson (53) to head the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
    (SFC, 3/5/05, p.A1)(AP, 3/4/06)
2005        Mar 4, The DJIA rose 107 to 10,940, its highest level since June, 2001.
    (SFC, 3/5/05, p.A10)
2005        Mar 4, Martha Stewart returned from prison to the multi-million-dollar estate where she will remain under the watch of federal authorities while trying to revive her homemaking empire.
    (AP, 3/4/05)
2005        Mar 4, India approved cultivation of genetically modified cotton in its fertile northern region, rejecting demands from anti-biotechnology activists.
    (AP, 3/4/05)
2005        Mar 4, American troops fired on a car taking Giuliana Sgrena to Baghdad's airport and wounded her. Nicola Calipari, the Italian intelligence officer who negotiated her freedom, was hit by the gunfire and died in her arms. Sgrena returned to Italy the next day. In 2007 an Italian court threw out the case against the US soldier charged in the shooting of Calipari.
    (AP, 3/5/05)(AP, 10/25/07)
2005        Mar 4, In Iraq Pvt. Gardi Gardev, a Bulgarian soldier, was killed by friendly fire." President Georgi Parvanov summoned U.S. Ambassador James Pardew on Mar 7 and complained about the lack of coordination between coalition troops in Iraq.
    (AP, 3/7/05)
2005        Mar 4, Nepal government forces killed at least 30 Maoist rebels in the western district of Arghakhanchi.
    (AP, 3/7/05)
2005        Mar 4, In southwestern Pakistan police said Ramzan Mengal, an Islamic militant accused of killing as many as 130 Shiite Muslims over recent years, was arrested in Quetta.
    (AP, 3/5/05)
2005        Mar 4, Palestinian gunmen opened fire at a police station, sparking a gunfight that left three people wounded.
    (AP, 3/4/05)
2005        Mar 4, Tribes from western Sudan and the neighboring Central African Republic signed a peace charter in a bid to end cross-border clashes.
    (AFP, 3/4/05)
2005        Mar 4, Swiss police said they have detained five purported Islamic extremists suspected of running Web sites that showed the execution of hostages and provided details of how to make bombs and carry out attacks.
    (AP, 3/4/05)
2005        Mar 4, Ukraine's former interior minister was found dead of an apparent suicide, just before he was to meet with prosecutors for questioning about the 2000 slaying of an investigative journalist. The minister had two shots to the head.
    (AP, 3/4/05)(Econ, 4/2/11, p.50)
2005        Mar 4, President Hugo Chavez said Venezuela wants to supply crude oil to India, Asia's third-biggest consumer, under a long-term agreement.
    (AP, 3/4/05)

2005        Mar 5, It was reported that an experimental technique called deep-brain stimulation was effective in turning off depression. In 2005 the US FDA approved an implant for vagus nerve stimulation as therapy for depression that fails to respond to other conventional treatments.
    (Econ, 3/5/05, p.78)(Econ, 6/3/06, p.79)
2005        Mar 5, China's foreign exchange chief said a sharp appreciation of China's yuan is unlikely and the currency will be kept in a small range as the country gradually implements a more flexible exchange rate.
    (AP, 3/5/05)
2005        Mar 5, India’s Finance Minister Palaniappan Chidambaram said the government would try to ensure economic growth of over 7 percent and urged the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) to maintain benign interest rates, now at three-decade lows, to promote investment.
    (AP, 3/5/05)
2005        Mar 5, India clinched a deal to operate a Venezuelan oilfield and import the output as Asia's third largest consumer and the world's No.5 oil exporter vowed to strengthen ties.
    (AP, 3/5/05)
2005        Mar 5, The governor of the lawless Indian eastern state of Bihar recommended federal rule in the province as no political grouping could muster the required numbers to form a government in polls last month. This ended control by the Yadav family.
    (AP, 3/6/05)(Econ, 3/12/05, p.45)
2005        Mar 5, Iran said it will never agree to a permanent halt on enriching uranium and warned that a more unstable Middle East would result from a U.S.-backed effort to haul Tehran before the UN Security Council for possible sanctions.
    (AP, 3/5/05)
2005        Mar 5, Pakistani troops raided a hideout of suspected al-Qaida militants in a remote tribal area near Afghanistan. A shootout left 2 foreigners dead. 11 people were arrested.
    (AP, 3/5/05)
2005        Mar 5, Syria’s Pres. Assad outlined a two-step pullback: 1st to Lebanon's Bekaa Valley, nearer to the Syrian border; 2nd, a redeployment from there all the way to the Syrian frontier. He failed to address broad international demands that he completely withdraw Syria's 15,000 troops after nearly 30 years in Lebanon.
    (AP, 3/5/05)

2005        Mar 6, Hans Bethe (b.1906), German-born peace worker and Nobel Prize winning physicist (1967), died in Ithaca, NY. In the 1930s Bethe, one of the greatest innovative theoretical physicists of our time, unraveled the mysterious nuclear cycles by which stars produce prodigious amounts of energy for billions of years without burning out.
    (SFC, 3/8/05, p.B5)(Econ, 3/19/05, p.90)
2005        Mar 6, Actress Teresa Wright died in New Haven, Conn., at age 86.
    (AP, 3/6/06)
2005        Mar 6, In Bolivia President Carlos Mesa said he would submit his resignation to Congress after 17 months in office, warning that growing protests against Bolivia's oil and gas laws could soon block the country's highways and isolate its main cities.
    (AP, 3/7/05)
2005        Mar 6, China convened its National People’s Congress.
    (WSJ, 3/7/05, p.A1)
2005        Mar 6, Shanghai became the 1st Chinese city to levy a capital gains tax on the sale of private property held for less than a year.
    (Econ, 3/26/05, p.73)
2005        Mar 6, Israeli investigators said police had arrested 22 employees of a Tel Aviv bank branch on suspicion they helped launder hundreds of millions of dollars in one of the largest such rings in the country's history.
    (AP, 3/6/05)
2005        Mar 6, Giuliana Sgrena, the Italian journalist wounded by American troops in Iraq after her release by insurgents, rejected the U.S. military's account of the shooting and declined to rule out the possibility she was deliberately targeted. The White House called the shooting a "horrific accident" and restated its promise to investigate fully.
    (AP, 3/6/05)
2005        Mar 6, Moldova held national elections. Nine special stations were opened near the border with Trans-Dniester so the separatist region's 700,000 residents can vote. Trans-Dniester authorities have refused to allow any polling stations on their territory. The governing pro-Western Communists won a parliamentary majority, but fell short of taking enough seats to re-elect President Vladimir Voronin.
    (AP, 3/6/05)(AP, 3/7/05)
2005        Mar 6, In Norway 3 works by Edvard Munch were stolen from a hotel, the second theft of the renowned Norwegian's art in less than seven months.
    (AP, 3/7/05)
2005        Mar 6, Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf, ending years of chilly relations with Uzbekistan, promised to catch and extradite any Uzbek-born terrorist hiding in his country.
    (AP, 3/6/05)
2005        Mar 6, Palestinian militants shot and wounded two Israeli border policemen in an attack on a military post near a West Bank shrine.
    (AP, 3/7/05)
2005        Mar 6, More than 15,000 protesters marched in Taiwan, denouncing China's planned anti-secession law and pledging to fight what they claim is Beijing's attempt to force this self-ruled, democratic island to unify with the mainland.
    (AP, 3/6/05)
2005        Mar 6, In Turkey riot police kicked and beat women and young people who had gathered for an unauthorized demonstration in Istanbul marking International Women's Day.
    (AP, 3/7/05)

2005        Mar 7, President Bush named John R. Bolton (56), undersecretary of state for arms control and international security, as US ambassador to the UN.
    (AP, 3/8/05)(SFC, 3/8/05, p.A10)
2005        Mar 7, Sony Corp. picked Sir Howard Stringer (63), Welsh-born head of its US operations, to replace chairman and CEO Nobuyuki Idei.
    (WSJ, 3/7/05, p.A1)
2005        Mar 7, United Defense Industries, maker of the Bradley Fighting Vehicle, agreed to merge with British defense firm BAE Systems in a $4 billion deal.
    (SFC, 3/8/05, p.D1)
2005        Mar 7, China said it will keep controversial exchange-rate controls and hold down industrial investment this year as it tries to rein in surging growth and restrain inflation.
    (AP, 3/7/05)
2005        Mar 7, An international human rights group said militiamen and renegade soldiers have raped and beaten tens of thousands of women and young girls in eastern Congo, and nearly all the crimes have gone unpunished by the country's broken judicial system.
    (AP, 3/7/05)
2005        Mar 7, In the Dominican Republic rival gangs fighting for control of a provincial prison set pillows and sheets ablaze, starting a fire that killed 136 inmates after rescuers were thwarted by a jammed entrance.
    (AP, 3/11/05)
2005        Mar 7, It was reported that Indonesia’s army had killed 30 Aceh separatists over the past week.
    (WSJ, 3/7/05, p.A1)
2005        Mar 7, In Iraq guerrillas launched a series of attacks that left 33 people dead and dozens wounded.
    (AP, 3/7/05)(SFC, 3/8/05, p.A10)
2005        Mar 7, The presidents of Lebanon and Syria announced that Syrian forces will pull back to Lebanon's eastern Bekaa Valley by March 31, but a complete troop withdrawal will be deferred until after later negotiations.
    (AP, 3/7/05)
2005        Mar 7, Authorities said Nigerian police have rescued more than 100 children from child traffickers over the last 3 days, including 56 discovered at a checkpoint in a frozen food truck.
    (Reuters, 3/7/05)
2005        Mar 7, Officials in South Africa's capital voted to rename the city Tshwane, retaining the name Pretoria for the city center only.
    (AP, 3/7/05)
2005        Mar 7, A Turkish alcohol company ordered the recall of millions of bottles of Turkish liquor as the death toll from a bootleg version of the drink rose to at least 17.
    (AP, 3/7/05)

2005        Mar 8, President Bush said authoritarian rule in the Middle East had begun to ease, and he insisted anew that Syria had to end its nearly three-decade occupation of Lebanon.
    (AP, 3/8/06)
2005        Mar 8, Afghan gunmen killed a British advisor in Kabul.
    (WSJ, 3/9/05, p.A1)
2005        Mar 8, Bolivian lawmakers unanimously rejected a resignation offer by President Carlos Mesa, granting crucial support to his government.
    (AP, 3/9/05)(Econ, 3/12/05, p.39)
2005        Mar 8, Brazilian prosecutors formally charged four men in the death of a 73-year-old American nun who worked to defend poor rainforest communities. Rayfran Neves Salles was charged with firing the six shots that killed Dorothy Stang. Clodoaldo Batista was charged as an accomplice. Two other men, Amair Feijoli and Vitalmiro Moura, were charged with homicide.
    (AP, 3/8/05)
2005        Mar 8, China unveiled the Taiwan Anti-Secession Law, authorizing an attack if Taiwan moves toward formal independence, increasing pressure on the self-ruled island while warning other countries not to interfere.
    (AP, 3/8/05)(Econ, 4/7/12, p.30)
2005        Mar 8, In Guatemala City hundreds of protesters blocked lawmakers from voting on a free-trade agreement between Central America and the US and authorities said they were prepared to send troops if the demonstrations continued.
    (AP, 3/8/05)
2005        Mar 8, In Iraq clashes erupted between US troops and insurgents in the city of Ramadi, leaving at least two people dead.
    (AP, 3/8/05)
2005        Mar 8, Kosovo's PM Ramush Haradinaj resigned after being indicted by the U.N. war crimes tribunal for his alleged part in atrocities during the fight against Serb forces.
    (AP, 3/8/05)
2005        Mar 8, In Lebanon nearly 500,000 pro-Syrian protesters waved flags and chanted anti-American slogans in a central Beirut square, answering a nationwide call by the militant Shiite Muslim Hezbollah group.
    (AP, 3/8/05)
2005        Mar 8, Nepali police arrested nearly two dozen activists, including former ministers, as they rallied in the Himalayan kingdom's capital on in one of the biggest protests since King Gyanendra seized power last month.
    (AP, 3/8/05)
2005        Mar 8, The parliament of Nigeria, Africa's most-indebted nation, passed a nonbinding resolution demanding Nigeria stop repaying its $35 billion foreign debt.
    (AP, 3/9/05)
2005        Mar 8, A spokesman for Russian forces said Chechen rebel leader Aslan Maskhadov has been killed. Russia had offered a $10 million reward.
    (AP, 3/8/05)(WSJ, 3/16/05, p.A1)(Econ, 3/12/05, p.84)
2005        Mar 8, In Madrid, Spain, a summit on terrorism opened.
    (AP, 3/8/05)

2005        Mar 9, Dan Rather (73) made his final news broadcast with CBS Evening News.
    (SFC, 3/10/05, p.A2)
2005        Mar 9, The acting boss of the NYC Gambino family and at least 30 other mob figures were arrested following an undercover FBI operation.
    (SFC, 3/10/05, p.A3)
2005        Mar 9, In Las Vegas 2 retired NYC police detectives, Louis Eppolito (56) and Stephen Caracappa (63), were arrested on federal charges of taking part in 8 murders on behalf of the Mafia. In 2009 both men were sentenced to life in prison.
    (SFC, 3/11/05, p.A3)(SFC, 3/7/09, p.A5)
2005        Mar 9, Michael Jackson's young accuser took the witness stand, saying he once considered the pop star being tried for allegedly molesting him "the coolest guy in the world." Jackson was later acquitted.
    (AP, 3/9/06)
2005        Mar 9, Information broker LexisNexis reported that thieves hacked into records and stole personal data on some 310,000 US individuals.
    (SFC, 4/13/05, p.A4)
2005        Mar 9, Chris LeDoux (56), rodeo star and country singer, died in Wyoming from complications of liver cancer.
    (SFC, 3/10/05, p.B7)
2005        Mar 9, Senior officials said China will use taxes from its fast-growing eastern cities to help pay for rural social programs as it tries to close a widening divide between rich and poor.
    (AP, 3/9/05)
2005        Mar 9, Colombia extradited to the United States a top member of the South American country's main rebel group, a woman known by the nom de guerre of Sonia and accused of running the insurgents' drug trafficking business.
    (AP, 3/9/05)
2005        Mar 9, In Costa Rica police stormed a bank in a hail of gunfire following a thwarted robbery that turned into a 30-hour hostage standoff in the tourist town of Santa Elena de Monteverde. Officials said nine people were killed, including five bank customers.
    (AP, 3/10/05)
2005        Mar 9, Egypt’s parliament agreed to amend the Constitution to allow for 1st time multi-candidate balloting.
    (SFC, 3/10/05, p.A3)
2005        Mar 9, Indonesia and East Timor agreed to set up a commission to deal with atrocities surrounding East Timor's 1999 vote for independence, despite criticism led by the UN.
    (AP, 3/9/05)
2005        Mar 9, Iraqi officials said that 41 bodies, some bullet-riddled, others beheaded, have been found at two separate sites. They believe some of the corpses are Iraqi soldiers kidnapped and killed by insurgents. 4 people were killed in Baghdad when a suicide bomber drove an explosives-packed truck into a hotel used by US contractors.
    (AP, 3/9/05)(WSJ, 3/10/05, p.A1)
2005        Mar 9, President Bush's envoy to Northern Ireland called for the IRA to disband after the outlawed group made an unprecedented public offer to kill four men, including two of its own expelled members, linked to a Belfast slaying. The family of slain Northern Ireland man Robert McCartney have said they had rejected the IRA's offer of vigilante justice because only in court will "the truth come out."
    (AP, 3/9/05)(AFP, 3/9/05)
2005        Mar 9, An Israeli inquiry into the establishment of unauthorized West Bank settlement outposts found widespread complicity of successive Israeli governments and recommended that prosecutors consider investigations some of those involved.
    (AP, 3/9/05)
2005        Mar 9, In southern Mexico a federal government helicopter searching for gunmen protecting drug plantations crashed into a mountain, killing all nine soldiers and two pilots onboard.
    (AP, 3/10/05)
2005        Mar 9, In the southern Philippines at least 27 children died from food poisoning after eating a deep-fried caramelized cassava snack at school. Evidence later revealed that a pesticide in the snack was the cause of death.
    (AP, 3/9/05)(WSJ, 3/15/05, p.A1)
2005        Mar 9, In South Africa investigators began digging up the first of hundreds of unmarked graves in a bid to close a chapter in South Africa's horrific history.
    (AP, 3/9/05)
2005        Mar 9, An earthquake shook parts of northern South Africa, trapping 16 miners underground.
    (AP, 3/9/05)
2005        Mar 9, Spanish serial killer Alfredo Galan, nicknamed the "playing card assassin" because he left a card at the scene of each murder, received jail sentences totaling 142 years.
    (AP, 3/9/05)
2005        Mar 9, Jan Egeland, UN humanitarian chief, said far more people have died in Sudan's ravaged Darfur region than the 70,000 reported since last year, and many of those deaths were from preventable causes like pneumonia and diarrhea. Egeland said some 180,000 people died in Darfur over the past 18 months from hunger and disease.
    (AP, 3/9/05)(Econ, 4/2/05, p.41)
2005        Mar 9, Syrian soldiers flashed victory signs and waved automatic rifles as they drove east through Lebanon's mountains in the first phase of a pullback. Government lawmakers advised the president to bring back his pro-Damascus prime minister who was forced by opposition protests to resign.
    (AP, 3/9/05)

2005        Mar 10, The US EPA approved new limits on power plant emissions in the Eastern US. The EPA issued its Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR) to reduce air pollution. Courts left its provisions intact but ordered  the EPA to come up with a better rule. The new Cross-State Air Pollution rule (CSAPR) was due to go into effect Jan 1, 2012, but faced heavy state and industrial opposition.
    (WSJ, 3/11/05, p.A1)(Econ, 10/15/11, p.38)(http://www.epa.gov/cair/)
2005        Mar 10, The US Dept. of Transportation authorized $150.3 million for the construction of a $270 million tunnel to bypass Devil’s Slide on Highway 1 between Pacifica and Montara. The cost increased to $439 million on completion in 2013.
    (SFC, 3/11/05, p.A1)(SFC, 2/14/13, p.D1)
2005        Mar 10, It was reported that a Texas ranch has implemented a computer-assisted remote hunting website allowing paying hunters to bag big game from their home computers.
    (SFC, 3/10/05, p.A1)
2005        Mar 10, Tens of thousands of French workers marched on Paris and strikes crippled public transport, embarrassing the government as Olympic officials visited to assess the city's bid to host the 2012 Games.
    (AP, 3/10/05)
2005        Mar 10, Georgia lawmakers voted unanimously for Russia to withdraw troops from soviet-era bases by Jan 1.
    (WSJ, 3/11/05, p.A1)
2005        Mar 10, Hong Kong's leader said he tendered his resignation because of failing health and repeatedly denied speculation China pushed him out in a bid to tighten its grip on the former British colony.
    (AP, 3/10/05)
2005        Mar 10, Iran’s Pres. Khatami began a 3-day visit to Venezuela and planned to strengthen political and economic ties with Pres. Chavez.
    (WSJ, 3/10/05, p.A15)
2005        Mar 10, Iraq's main Shiite party and a Kurdish bloc reached a deal that sets the stage for a new government to be formed when the National Assembly convenes next week.
    (AP, 3/10/05)
2005        Mar 10, In Baghdad, Iraq, gunmen killed 2 district police chiefs and 2 others Iraqis. A suicide attacker in Mosul set off a bomb that tore through a funeral tent jammed with Shiite mourners. The attack killed 47 and wounded more than 100.
    (AP, 3/10/05)
2005        Mar 10, Israeli troops killed an Islamic Jihad Palestinian militant in a raid on a village near the West Bank town of Jenin.
    (AP, 3/10/05)
2005        Mar 10, Kyrgyzstan opposition parties united around former PM Kurmanbek, who will coordinate national protests sparked by the 1st round of elections.
    (WSJ, 3/11/05, p.A9)
2005        Mar 10, Lebanon's president, emboldened by a massive pro-Syria demonstration, reinstated Omar Karami as PM, 10 days after the Damascus-backed leader stepped down.
    (AP, 3/10/05)
2005        Mar 10, Pakistan's information minister acknowledged that Abdul Qadeer Khan, a rogue scientist at the heart of an international nuclear black market investigation, gave centrifuges to Iran, but insisted the government had nothing to do with the transfer.
    (AP, 3/10/05)
2005        Mar 10, At least 15 Russian servicemen were killed and 12 others were injured when a federal helicopter crashed in Chechnya.
    (AP, 3/11/05)
2005        Mar 10, In Kigali, Rwanda, a nine-judge community court handed down its first conviction of a Rwandan accused of killings in the 1994 genocide, as authorities set in motion a system of trials designed to speed the task of deciding the guilt or innocence of the 63,000 people accused of taking part in the government-orchestrated slaughter.
    (AP, 3/11/05)
2005        Mar 10, The UN panel overseeing compensation for victims of Iraq's 1990 invasion of Kuwait approved new awards worth $265 million, mostly to families of people who died in Iraqi detention.
    (AP, 3/11/05)

2005        Mar 11, Pres. Bush picked  Johns Hopkins physicist Michael Griffin to lead NASA.
    (SFC, 3/12/05, p.A8)
2005        Mar 11, The US Commerce Dept. reported the US trade deficit for January hit $58.3 billion. It was just below the all-time high set in Nov, 2004.
    (SFC, 3/12/05, p.C1)
2005        Mar 11, Maurice Greenberg, president and CEO of AIG Int’l. Group, transferred 1.4 million shares of AIG stock, valued at $2.68 billion, to his wife. He resigned March 14 amid probes of the company’s accounting.
    (SFC, 4/14/05, p.A1)
2005        Mar 11, Crude oil futures prices climbed over $54 a barrel after the Int’l. Energy Agency estimated global petroleum demand would grow faster than previously expected in 2005.
    (AP, 3/13/05)
2005        Mar 11, In Georgia Brian Nichols (33), on trial for rape, shot and killed Superior Court Judge Rowland Barnes, court reporter Julie Ann Brandau and Deputy Hoyt Teasley at the Fulton County Courthouse. He then killed deferral agent David Wilhelm in Atlanta’s posh Buckhead neighborhood. Nichols was captured the next day. In 2008 Nichols pleaded not guilty by reason of insanity. On Nov 7, 2008, Nichols was convicted of murder. On Dec 13 he was sentenced to life in prison without parole.
    (AP, 3/12/05)(SFC, 3/12/05, p.A1)(SFC, 9/23/08, p.A4)(SFC, 11/7/08, p.A5)(SSFC, 12/14/08, p.A6)
2005        Mar 11, Canada’s Jetsgo announced in the dead of night that it was going out of business and grounding all flights immediately as thousands of passengers prepared to jet away for March break, one of the busiest travel periods of the year.
    (AP, 3/11/05)
2005        Mar 11, Miguel Rodriguez Orejuela, co-founder of the Cali drug cartel, was sent in handcuffs on a plane to the US to face trial for drug trafficking and related charges. The cartel at its peak ruled the world's cocaine industry.
    (AP, 3/11/05)
2005        Mar 11, Germany’s parliament tightened laws against neo-Nazi demonstrations.
    (SFC, 3/12/05, p.A3)
2005        Mar 11, In India separatist rebels threw three grenades in the troubled state of Assam, killing three people.
    (Reuters, 3/11/05)
2005        Mar 11, Moldova arrested Valeriu Pasat, former defense minister, on suspicion of pocketing $10 million during the 1997 sale of 21 MiG-29 fighter jets to the US.
    (WSJ, 3/14/05, p.A1)
2005        Mar 11, Nepal freed sacked PM Sher Bahadur Deuba from house arrest, amid mounting international pressure on the country's king to relinquish power and restore democracy.
    (Reuters, 3/11/05)
2005        Mar 11, Pakistan's highest Islamic court threw out the acquittal of five men convicted of raping Mukhtar Mai in 2002 on orders from a village council, saying a lower appeals court had no jurisdiction to rule on the case.
    (AP, 3/11/05)
2005        Mar 11, Garry Kasparov, Russian chess master ranked No. 1 since 1984, announced his retirement. His future plans included writing and political action, which included a lead role in Committee 2008: Free Choice, a group formed by liberal opposition leaders.
    (SFC, 3/12/05, p.A10)
2005        Mar 11, South Africa’s Pres. Mbeki nominated Pius Langa to become chief justice when incumbent Arthur Chaskalson retires in May. Langa would be the 1st black to hold the office.
    (Econ, 3/19/05, p.54)
2005        Mar 11, The last Syrian troops left northern Lebanon but left behind intelligence officers in nine offices. The UN Mideast envoy said Syria needs to produce a timetable for a full withdrawal from the rest of Lebanon. Since 1976 some 15,000 Syrian troops were killed in the Lebanese civil war. Lebanese protests following the Feb 14 assassination of Rafik Hariri, later dubbed the “cedar revolution,” forced Pres. Assad to withdraw his army after a 30-year stay.
    (AP, 3/11/05)(Econ, 4/2/05, p.41)(Econ, 7/25/09, SR p.11)
2005        Mar 11, Turkey’s state institution over religious life issued a sermon to be preached at some 75,000 officially registered mosques on the dangers posed to national unity by Christian missionaries.
    (Econ, 6/25/05, p.49)


2005        Mar 12, Brian Nichols, suspected in the slayings of a judge and three other people, surrendered to authorities in suburban Atlanta after allegedly holding Ashley Smith hostage in her own apartment.
    (AP, 3/12/06)
2005        Mar 12, It was reported that Bernardo Huberman, researcher at Hewlett-Packard, had described software called Tycoon for directing computons on computing grids. He used the term “computon” to describe a packet of electromagnetic energy.
    (Econ, 3/12/05, TQ p.6)
2005        Mar 12, In Brookfield, Wisconsin, Terry Ratzmann (44) opened fire with a handgun during an evangelical church service at a suburban Milwaukee hotel, killing 7 people before taking his own life.
    (AP, 3/13/05)(SFC, 3/14/05, p.A1)
2005        Mar 12, Algeria's minister for energy and mines said OPEC has reached its production limit, and trying to stretch output by one million barrels per day isn't likely to lower oil prices.
    (AP, 3/12/05)
2005        Mar 12, Britain's governing Labour Party claimed victory for pushing through its contentious anti-terrorism law after an acrimonious two-day debate in Parliament.
    (AP, 3/12/05)
2005        Mar 12, Ayman Nour, Egyptian opposition leader and presidential hopeful, walked out of Cairo's central security headquarters and was whisked to the shoulders of his supporters after posting bail.
    (AP, 3/12/05)
2005        Mar 12, Customers of the German Edeka supermarket chain will soon be able to pay for their shopping by placing their finger on a scanner at the check-out, saving up to 40 seconds spent scrabbling for coins or cards.
    (Reuters, 3/12/05)
2005        Mar 12, In Greece Karolos Papoulias (75), a former foreign minister, was sworn as the nation’s 6th president.
    (AP, 3/12/05)
2005        Mar 12, Donald Tsang, career bureaucrat, took office as interim leader of Hong Kong.
    (SSFC, 3/13/05, p.A16)
2005        Mar 12, In India 16 people were drowned and nine were feared dead in Gujarat when a bus fell into a canal after the driver lost control.
    (AP, 3/13/05)
2005        Mar 12, In Iraq gunmen shot to death three policemen and wounded a 4th at a funeral procession in the northern city of Mosul. 2 US security contractors were killed by a roadside bomb south of Baghdad.
    (AP, 3/12/05)(WSJ, 3/14/05, p.A1)
2005        Mar 12, It was reported that Lebanese have been switching their savings from Lebanese pounds to the safety of the dollar for fear the local currency will collapse, as it did during the war. The Central Bank has unloaded hundreds of millions of dollars to shore up the pound.
    (AP, 3/12/05)
2005        Mar 12, The Hamas militant group announced it will participate in Palestinian parliamentary elections.
    (AP, 3/12/05)
2005        Mar 12, In Portugal Jose Socrates was sworn in as PM vowing to keep friendly ties with the US despite naming a foreign minister who has compared Pres. Bush to Adolf Hitler.
    (AP, 3/12/05)
2005        Mar 12, Spanish police said they had cracked a money-laundering operation worth up to 250 million euros ($335.8 million) which might have links to YUKOS, but had not specified what those links might be.
    (AP, 3/13/05)
2005        Mar 12, In Lenzerheide, Switzerland, Bode Miller became the first American in 22 years to win skiing's overall World Cup title.
    (AP, 3/12/06)
2005        Mar 12, Turkish authorities closed the Bosporus Strait to maritime traffic after a roll-on-roll-off (ro-ro) vessel carrying 7 tanker trucks loaded with 138 tons of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) sank in the narrow waterway, which separates the European and Asian sides of Istanbul.
    (AP, 3/13/05)
2005        Mar 12, Ukraine withdrew 150 servicemen from Iraq, starting a gradual pullout that officials have said will be completed by October.
    (AP, 3/12/05)
2005        Mar 12, In central Vietnam an express passenger train derailed, killing at least 11 people and injuring some 200.
    (Reuters, 3/12/05)

2005        Mar 13, The Disney Corp. board of directors named Robert Iger to succeed Michael Eisner in October.
    (WSJ, 3/14/05, p.A1)
2005        Mar 13, In southern Brazil a tourist-filled bus crashed into a logging truck, killing seven people and injuring at least 20.
    (AP, 3/13/05)
2005        Mar 13, Paul Schaefer (83), former head of a secretive German colony in southern Chile, was flown to Santiago after his arrest in Argentina. Schaefer founded Colonia Dignidad, or Dignity Colony, a commune-like enclave in 1961, and is accused in the disappearance of a dissident under dictator Gen. Augusto Pinochet.
    (AP, 3/13/05)
2005        Mar 13, In India at least 19 people were killed and 15 injured when a bus skidded off a mountain road into a deep gorge in Uttaranchal.
    (AP, 3/13/05)
2005        Mar 13, Israel's Cabinet adopted a report on the state's complicity in setting up 105 illegal West Bank settlement outposts and decided to dismantle 24 of them.
    (AP, 3/13/05)
2005        Mar 13, Kyrgyzstan held parliamentary runoff elections amid rising tension over signs the longtime leader plans to extend his rule beyond constitutional limits. President Askar Akayev (60) won an overwhelmingly loyal Parliament in runoff elections. The opposition won 6 of 75 seats and said the vote was riddled with abuses.
    (AP, 3/14/05)(SFC, 3/15/05, p.A3)
2005        Mar 13, Vigilantes in Oaxaca, Mexico, killed a state police officer setting him on fire in revenge for the shooting of a taxi driver in a barroom brawl.
    (AP, 3/13/05)
2005        Mar 13, Saudi police killed an alleged Islamic militant and arrested three others in a shootout at a suspected terror cell hideout in the Red Sea city of Jiddah.
    (AP, 3/13/05)
2005        Mar 13, In Musina, South Africa, thousands of protesters held an 18-hour vigil on the border with Zimbabwe to demonstrate against mounting repression in the neighboring country two weeks before a key parliamentary election there.
    (AP, 3/13/05)
2005        Mar 13, Pope John Paul II was released from the hospital and returned to his Vatican apartment overlooking St. Peter's Square.
    (AP, 3/13/06)
2005        Mar 13, Venezuela announced that it would seize parts of 4 large estates, some 270,000 acres of farmland, after finding irregularities in their ownership status.
    (WSJ, 3/15/05, p.A18)

2005        Mar 14, The US government in Operation Community Shield announced the arrests in 7 cities of 103 members of MS-13, Mara Salvatrucha, a street gang rooted in Central America.
    (SFC, 3/15/05, p.A5)
2005        Mar 14, San Francisco Superior Court Judge Richard Kramer declared California’s ban on same-sex marriage unconstitutional.
    (SFC, 3/15/05, p.A1)
2005        Mar 14, U2, The Pretenders, The O'Jays, Percy Sledge and blues legend Buddy Guy were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.
    (AP, 3/14/06)
2005        Mar 14, Jim Cramer began hosting Mad Money, an American business television program, on the CNBC cable/satellite TV channel.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mad_Money)
2005        Mar 14, Health Day News reported that an experimental drug that stops cancer cell division and triggers tumor death has been developed by researchers at Temple University. The drug, called ON01910, interferes with the activity of a gene called Plk1.
    (HDN, 3/15/05)
2005        Mar 14, Experts said poachers are killing between 6,000 and 12,000 elephants a year to supply illegal ivory markets in Sudan to meet growing Chinese demand. Most of the elephants are killed in southern Sudan, Congo and the Central African Republic, with some ivory also coming from Kenya and Chad.
    (AP, 3/14/05)
2005        Mar 14, Voters in Central African Republic cast ballots for president in the first poll since rebels seized the capital two years ago. Gen. Francois Bozize, the former army officer-turned-insurgent who now presides over the country, was considered the front-runner in a field of 11.
    (AP, 3/14/05)
2005        Mar 14, China's parliament enacted a law authorizing force to stop rival Taiwan from pursuing formal independence.
    (AP, 3/14/05)
2005        Mar 14, Protesters across Guatemala denounced a regional free trade deal with the US closed schools, blocked highways and clashed with police in confrontations that left 19 people injured and two arrested.
    (AP, 3/14/05)
2005        Mar 14, UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan said the United Nations is establishing a register of property damage caused by Israel's West Bank separation barrier. Hundreds of Palestinians protested the barrier outside the walled Palestinian government compound where he spoke.
    (AP, 3/14/05)
2005        Mar 14, Akira Yoshizawa (94), an origami master whose expressive paper gorillas made an art out of Japan's craft tradition, died of heart failure and pneumonia.
    (AP, 4/3/05)
2005        Mar 14, Hundreds of thousands of opposition demonstrators chanted "Freedom, sovereignty, independence" and unfurled a huge Lebanese flag in Beirut, the biggest protest yet in the opposition's duel of street rallies with supporters of the Damascus-backed government. The “March 14 Forces,” advocates of Syrian withdrawal, grew from this demonstration.
    (AP, 3/14/05)(Econ, 7/29/06, p.43)
2005        Mar 14, The Hague tribunal indicted former Macedonian Interior Minister Ljube Boskovski for war crimes.
    (AP, 3/14/05)
2005        Mar 14, Sam Nujoma, the first president of Namibia, retired.
    (http://asi.ndi.org/delegates/delegates.asp)
2005        Mar 14, A group of Muslim-extremist inmates accused of carrying out some of the Philippines' worst terrorist attacks agreed to surrender after a botched jailbreak left at least 5 people dead. The deal later broke down when the inmates demanded dinner first.
    (AP, 3/14/05)
2005        Mar 14, The U.N. tribunal for Rwanda sentenced Vincent Rutaganira, a former local leader, to six years in prison after he pleaded guilty to a charge of extermination by omission under a plea bargain with prosecutors.
    (Reuters, 3/14/05)
2005        Mar 14, Zimbabwe's Supreme Court quashed a ban on the independent Daily News newspaper, known for its anti-government line, but upheld a controversial media law that has forced three other newspapers to close down.
    (AP, 3/14/05)

2005        Mar 15, A US Senate investigators released a new report that said 9 US banks, including Citigroup, Bank of America, and Riggs Bank, enabled Augusto Pinochet, former Chilean dictator, and family members to build a secret network of accounts to conceal his wealth. DC-based Riggs Bank merged with PNC Financial following the inquiry, which also revealed that Pinochet and Obiang Nguema, president of Equatorial Guinea, had stashed millions in private accounts there.
    (WSJ, 3/16/05, p.A2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Riggs_Bank)(Econ, 3/14/09, p.63)
2005        Mar 15, The US charged 18 people with a scheme to smuggle shoulder-fired missiles and other military gear from former Soviet states. One person was still at large.
    (WSJ, 3/16/05, p.A1)
2005        Mar 15, A NY federal jury found Bernard Ebbers (63), former head of WorldCom, guilty on all 9 counts against him, including securities fraud, conspiracy and lying to regulators. He was later sentenced to 25 years in prison.
    (SFC, 3/16/05, p.C1)(AP, 3/15/06)
2005        Mar 15, Birk McCandless (57), Silicon Valley restaurant owner and developer, was stabbed to death. Nan Yang (27) was arrested as a suspect. On Sep 20 a jury convicted Yang of second-degree murder. In 2006 Yang was sentenced to 26 years to life in prison.
    (SFC, 3/17/05, p.B4)(SFC, 9/21/06, p.B3)(SFC, 11/11/06, p.B3)
2005        Mar 15, British and Spanish scientists reported that they have discovered how green tea helps to prevent certain types of cancer. They showed that a compound called EGCG in green tea prevents cancer cells from growing by binding to a specific enzyme.
    (AP, 3/15/05)
2005        Mar 15, It was noted that Israeli researchers had found that pomegranate juice, 8 ounces a day, helps lower cholesterol.
    (WSJ, 3/15/05, p.D4)(WSJ, 4/5/05, p.D4)
2005        Mar 15, Bolivia's embattled President Carlos Mesa asked the country's legislature to authorize an early presidential election this summer, saying he can no longer govern among growing protests and road blockades.
    (AP, 3/16/05)
2005        Mar 15, Hong Kong press reported that Zhang Enzhou was removed as president of China Construction Bank (CCB), China’s 3rd largest bank, allegedly for taking bribes.
    (Econ, 3/19/05, p.79)
2005        Mar 15, A French court gave the maximum 10-year prison sentence to Djamel Beghal (39),  the ringleader of an alleged plot to send a suicide bomber into the US Embassy in Paris. The court also sentenced 5 other defendants in the case to 1-9 year prison terms. Beghal testified that his confession of a plan to send a suicide bomber into the U.S. Embassy was obtained under torture after his July 2001 arrest in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. He was extradited to France two months later and retracted that confession.
    (AP, 3/15/05)
2005        Mar 15, Three car bombs exploded in Baghdad, killing at least 5 people.
    (AP, 3/15/05)
2005        Mar 15, Pres. Berlusconi announced that Italy would begin pulling its 3,300 troops out of Iraq in September. The next day he said the withdrawal date was merely a hope.
    (AP, 3/16/05)(Econ, 3/19/05, p.56)
2005        Mar 15, Pakistan issued release orders for 589 Indian prisoners as a gesture of goodwill towards New Delhi.
    (Reuters, 3/15/05)
2005        Mar 15, In the Philippines some of the country's most hardened terror suspects were killed in a failed prison uprising that left 28 people dead. The inmates at Camp Bagong Diwa in suburban Manila had agreed to surrender after their failed jailbreak a day earlier, but the deal broke down when they demanded food first.
    (AP, 3/15/05)

2005        Mar 16, Pres. Bush said he plans to nominate Paul Wolfowitz, deputy defense secretary, to become the next president of the World Bank.
    (SFC, 3/17/05, p.A3)(Econ, 3/19/05, p.15)
2005        Mar 16, It was reported that the US deficit had widened to 6.3% of GDP in the 4th quarter and that America would have to borrow a net $750 billion to sustain it.
    (Econ, 3/19/05, p.78)
2005        Mar 16, The US Senate voted 51-49 to drill for oil in Alaska.
    (WSJ, 3/17/05, p.A1)
2005        Mar 16, A jury in Los Angeles acquitted actor Robert Blake of murder in the shooting death of his wife, Bonny Lee Bakley, four years earlier. A civil court jury later ordered Blake to pay $30 million to Bakley's four children; Blake has since filed for bankruptcy.
    (AP, 3/16/06)
2005        Mar 16, In California a judge sentenced a Scott Peterson (32) to death for the 2002 murder of his wife and unborn son.
    (AP, 3/17/05)(SFC, 3/17/05, p.A1)
2005        Mar 16, Norway's Robert Sorlie won his second Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race in one of the closest races in years.
    (AP, 3/16/06)
2005        Mar 16, It was reported that a Texas study found a correlation between the amount of mercury pollution and the number of autism cases.
    (WSJ, 3/17/05, p.A1)
2005        Mar 16, Tropical Cyclone Ingrid flattened Faraway Resort, a tourist resort built to showcase the beauty of northern Australia.
    (AP, 3/16/05)
2005        Mar 16, China's central bank tightened mortgage lending rules to raise the cost of borrowing for home loans in an effort to cool the sizzling property market.
    (AP, 3/17/05)(WSJ, 3/31/05, p.A9)
2005        Mar 16, UN peacekeepers charged that militiamen in northeast Congo grilled bodies on a spit and boiled two girls alive as their mother watched, adding cannibalism to a list of atrocities allegedly carried out by Lendu warriors.
    (AP, 3/17/05)(Econ, 3/12/05, p.49)
2005        Mar 16, Iraq's first freely elected parliament in half a century began its opening session after a series of explosions targeted the gathering.
    (AP, 3/16/05)
2005        Mar 16, Israeli troops handed Jericho to Palestinian security control, dismantling a checkpoint and easing travel restrictions in what was seen as a message to ordinary Palestinians that an informal truce is starting to pay off.
    (AP, 3/16/05)
2005        Mar 16, Puerto Rico Gov. Anibal Acevedo Vila unveiled proposals to eliminate more than 23,000 government jobs and close several public agencies, vowing to pull Puerto Rico out of a cycle of budget deficits and debt.
    (AP, 3/16/05)
2005        Mar 16, A Russian turboprop airliner carrying at least 52 people crashed and caught fire while trying to land near an oil port along the Arctic coast. At least 29 people, mostly Yukoil workers, were killed.
    (AP, 3/16/05)(WSJ, 3/17/05, p.A1)

2005        Mar 17, US Congressional hearings began on steroid use among baseball players. Baseball players told Congress that steroids were a problem in the sport; stars Rafael Palmeiro and Sammy Sosa testified they hadn't used them while Mark McGwire refused to say whether he had.
    (SFC, 3/18/05, p.A1)(AP, 3/17/06)
2005        Mar 17, Rapper Lil' Kim was convicted of lying to a grand jury about a shootout outside a New York radio station. Lil' Kim started serving her 366-day sentence just before her fourth album was released in September 2005.
    (AP, 3/17/06)
2005        Mar 17, Toys R Us agreed to become a privately owned company in a $6.6 billion buyout deal that included 2 equity firms and a real estate developer.
    (SFC, 3/18/05, p.C1)
2005        Mar 17, George F. Kennan (b.1904), former US diplomat and historian, died. In 1947 Kennan wrote an article that would guide US postwar policy (containment) for decades. He proposed in the piece signed "X" that the US stop the global spread of Communism through ideology and politics, not war. His books included "Russia Leaves the War" (1956). In 2007 John Lukacs authored “George Kennan: A Study of Character.” In 2009 Nicholas Thompson authored “The Hawk and the Dove: Paul Nitze, George Kennan, and the History of the Cold War.” In 2011 John Lewis authored “George F. Kennan: An American Life.”
    (AP, 3/18/05)(SFC, 3/18/05, p.A2)(Econ, 3/26/05, p.85)(SSFC, 4/8/07, p.M3)(Econ, 10/17/09, p.98)(Econ, 11/12/11, p.97)
2005        Mar 17, In Afghanistan a bomb exploded near a taxi carrying women and children in the southern city of Kandahar, killing at least five people and wounding.
    (AP, 3/17/05)
2005        Mar 17, President Fidel Castro announced a 7 percent revaluation of Cuba's national currency, giving Cubans slightly more buying power as the communist-run island moves to reassert greater control over its economy.
    (AP, 3/17/05)
2005        Mar 17, Italian airline Alitalia SpA said that the latest strike by flight attendants could plunge the struggling carrier into bankruptcy.
    (AP, 3/17/05)
2005        Mar 17, In Pakistan’s Baluchistan province 17 minority Hindus were killed when their temple was hit by rockets during fighting between renegade tribesmen and security forces in Dera Bugti. Officials later said up to 45 people, including eight soldiers, were killed in the clashes between the Frontier Corps troops and Bugti tribesmen. Of the 67 people killed about half died when the ghetto was shelled by government forces.
    (AP, 3/21/05)(Econ, 5/7/05, p.37)
2005        Mar 17, Palestinian militants declared a halt to attacks on Israel for the rest of this year, their longest cease-fire promise ever and a victory for Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas.
    (AP, 3/17/05)
2005        Mar 17, Anatoly Chubais, head of Russia’s state-controlled Unified Energy Systems power grid, was ambushed on his way to work near his country home outside Moscow by assailants who detonated a bomb and raked his armored car with automatic weapons fire. No one was hurt. In September prosecutors indicted 3 former servicemen in connection with the attempted assassination. Formal charges were filed against retired military intelligence colonel, Vladimir Kvachkov, and former paratroopers Robert Yashin and Alexander Naidyonov.
    (AP, 9/27/05)
2005        Mar 17, Stephane Lambiel of Switzerland won the men's title at the World Figure Skating Championships in Moscow.
    (AP, 3/17/06)
2005        Mar 17, Zimbabwe's highest court barred 3.4 million citizens living abroad, over 20 percent of the country's population, from voting in this month's parliamentary elections.
    (AP, 3/18/05)

2005        Mar 18, The US State Department said it had denied a diplomatic visa to the Hindu nationalist chief minister of Gujarat state, Narendra Modi, and revoked his existing tourist/business visa under the U.S. Immigration and Nationality Act due to his role in religious riots in 2002.
    (AP, 3/19/05)
2005        Mar 18, Standard & Poor’s said the public debt in America, Germany and France was about 65% of GDP.
    (Econ, 3/26/05, p.75)
2005        Mar 18, Former Connecticut 3-term Gov. John G. Rowland was sentenced to a year in prison after pleading guilty to a single federal corruption charge.
    (SFC, 3/19/05, p.A4)
2005        Mar 18, Doctors in Florida removed the feeding tube of Terri Schiavo (41) despite efforts by congressional Republicans to halt the process. The brain-damaged woman died on March 31, 2005, at age 41.
    (SFC, 3/19/05, p.A1)(AP, 3/18/06)
2005        Mar 18, The S&P 500 index was revised after the market close to change the weightings of many of its shares. The SmallCap 600 and MidCap 400 made the same changes.
    (SFC, 3/18/05, p.C3)
2005        Mar 18, Wal-Mart agreed to pay a record $11 million to settle a civil immigration case for using illegal immigrants to clean floors at stores in 21 states.
    (SFC, 3/19/05, p.C1)
2005        Mar 18, Sol Linowitz (91), US diplomat, died. In 1977 he negotiated the 1999 transfer of the Panama Canal to Panama.
    (WSJ, 3/21/05, p.A1)
2005        Mar 18, A Cambodian-Japanese joint venture, JC Royal, was awarded a 30-year management lease to oversee and upgrade the Choeung Ek memorial, site of the killing fields (1975-1979). Profits were marked for the unregistered Sun Fund charity.
    (Econ, 5/14/05, p.45)(http://tinyurl.com/dlpm7)
2005        Mar 18, World donors approved $1 billion in aid projects for Haiti, promising to repair its roads and rebuild its battered power grid, in an effort to help the Western Hemisphere's poorest nation as it prepares for fall elections.
    (AP, 3/19/05)
2005        Mar 18, Israel welcomed a temporary truce declared by Palestinian militants and promised to hold its fire in return, but demanded that the Palestinian Authority eventually dismantle the armed groups.
    (AP, 3/18/05)
2005        Mar 18, King Abdullah II of Jordan proposed a new peace strategy that drops traditional Arab demands that Israel give up all land seized in the 1967 war and offers the Jewish state normalized relations with Arab countries.
    (AP, 3/19/05)
2005        Mar 18, In Kiev prosecutors said Ukrainian weapons dealers smuggled 18 nuclear-capable cruise missiles to Iran and China in 2001 during former President Leonid Kuchma's administration.
    (AP, 3/18/05)
2005        Mar 18, In Pakistan’s Baluchistan province bombs exploded in two trains killing two people and wounding nine.
    (AP, 3/18/05)
2005        Mar 18, Former Solomon Islands warlord Harold Keke and two other men were sentenced to life in prison for the 2002 murder of a Catholic priest.
    (AFP, 3/18/05)

2005        Mar 19, In Florida the body of missing Jessica Lunsford (9) was found, a day after officials said John Evander Couey (46), a registered sex offender, confessed to kidnapping and killing the girl. [see Feb 23] On June 30, 2006, a judge ruled that John Couey's taped confession is inadmissible in court and will not be heard by members of the jury. The decision was based on the fact that, at the time the confession was recorded, police had not granted Couey's repeated requests for access to a lawyer. It was ruled that all evidence collected after Couey's confession, including the recovery of Lunsford's body, will be allowed in court, as will incriminating statements made by Couey to investigators and a jail guard. The Jessica Lunsford Act was named after her. It requires tighter restrictions on sex offenders (such as wearing electronic tracking devices) and increases prison sentences for some convicted sex offenders. Jessica's Law refers to similar reform acts initiated by the states. In 2007 a jury decided that Couey should get the death penalty. On Aug 24 a judge sentenced Couey to death.
    (AP, 3/19/05)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jessica_Lunsford)(SFC, 8/25/07, p.A3)
2005        Mar 19, The 42-room Redstone Castle in the mountains near Aspen was auctioned for $4 million, two years after the IRS seized the century-old mansion in a fraud investigation. It was completed in 1902 by coal baron John Cleveland Osgood, who died in the castle he named Cleveholm Manor.
    (AP, 3/19/05)
2005        Mar 19, In Colorado an explosion at the Electric Mountain Lodge, 230 miles SW of Denver, left 3 children dead. Propane gas was suspected.
    (SFC, 3/21/05, p.A3)
2005        Mar 19, It was reported that Agence France-Presse has sued Google Inc. for copyright infringement, alleging that the Internet search engine included AFP headlines, news summaries and photographs published without permission.
    (AFP, 3/19/05)
2005        Mar 19, John Z. DeLorean (80), developer of the gull-winged sports car, died in Michigan. He quit GM in 1973 to launch the DeLorean Motor Car Co. in Northern Ireland. Eight years later, the DeLorean DMC-12 hit the streets. 8,900 cars were built.
    (AP, 3/21/05)(SFC, 3/21/05, p.A2)
2005        Mar 19, A blast at the Xishui Colliery in Shuozhou, in a major coal-mining area in Shanxi province, left at least 60 miners dead.
    (AP, 3/20/05)
2005        Mar 19, Congo soldiers arrested Thomas Lubanga, a warlord accused of years of atrocities in eastern Congo, where UN officials say rival militias have created the world's worst ongoing humanitarian crisis.
    (AP, 3/22/05)
2005        Mar 19, Tens of thousands of anti-war protesters demonstrated across Europe to mark the second anniversary of the U.S.-led invasion of Iraq, with 45,000 marching from London's Hyde Park past the American Embassy.
    (AP, 3/19/05)
2005        Mar 19, Hindu nationalists set fire to a PepsiCo warehouse in western India to protest the US denial of a visa for a top state official due to his role in religious riots in 2002.
    (AP, 3/19/05)
2005        Mar 19, In Iraq attackers gunned down a police officer in Kirkuk, then bombed a funeral procession carrying his corpse, killing three other policemen and wounding two.
    (AP, 3/19/05)
2005        Mar 19, In Iraq a previously unknown militant group posted a video on the Internet on purporting to show 2 Egyptian engineers kidnapped for allegedly supporting US forces.
    (AP, 3/19/05)
2005        Mar 19, Jordan, under pressure from other Arab countries, accepted amendments to its contentious proposal that was designed to revise Arab demands on Israel in return for normal relations.
    (AP, 3/19/05)
2005        Mar 19, In Pakistan’s Baluchistan province a bomb exploded as minority Shiite Muslims congregated at a shrine in a remote town, killing at least 39 people and wounding 16.
    (AFP, 3/19/05)
2005        Mar 19, In Qatar a suicide car bomb attack on a Doha theater killed one Briton. The next day Qatar blamed an Egyptian for the attack.
    (AP, 3/20/05)
2005        Mar 19, Irina Slutskaya won the gold medal for the second time at the World Figure Skating Championships, held in Moscow; Sasha Cohen of the United States won the silver medal for the second straight year.
    (AP, 3/19/06)

2005        Mar 20, Severe flooding caused by snowmelt and torrential rains across Afghanistan left nearly 20 dead and thousands homeless.
    (AFP, 3/20/05)
2005        Mar 20, In Bangladesh about 15,000 people were left homeless after twin tornadoes simultaneously tore through northern Gaibandha and Rangpur districts, killing 55 people and wounding 1,000 others.
    (SFC, 3/26/05, p.D10)
2005        Mar 20, UN forces raided a police station occupied by armed former soldiers in Petit-Goave, 45 miles west of Port-au-Prince, setting of a gunbattle that killed two former soldiers and one Sri Lankan peacekeeper.
    (AP, 3/21/05)
2005        Mar 20, Insurgents targeted Iraqi security forces and government buildings with gunfire, suicide bomb attacks and mortar rounds, leaving at least five people dead. A bomb blast near Kirkuk killed a U.S. soldier and wounded three. US troops killed 26 militants following an attack on a convoy SE of Baghdad.
    (AP, 3/20/05)(AP, 3/21/05)
2005        Mar 20, A magnitude 7.0 earthquake struck off the coast of southern Japan, killing one person and injuring at least 381 others.
    (AP, 3/20/05)
2005        Mar 20, In Jordan an appeals court has overturned the conviction of a Jordanian found guilty of financing Abu-Musab al-Zarqawi's insurgent group in Iraq. The Court of Cassation said the Oct. 31 conviction of Bilal Mansur al-Hiyari by the military State Security Court "fell short of adequate justifications and causes."
    (AP, 6/7/05)
2005        Mar 20, In Kyrgyzstan protesters stormed a police station in Jalal-Abad forcing officers to flee, a day after baton-wielding police evicted demonstrators from two government buildings they had occupied to protest alleged election fraud. 4 policemen were reported killed.
    (AP, 3/20/05)(WSJ, 3/21/05, p.A1)
2005        Mar 20, A visibly frustrated Pope John Paul made a brief but silent appearance at his Vatican apartment window after missing his first Palm Sunday Mass in 26 years as pontiff.
    (AP, 3/20/06)

2005        Mar 21, Pres. Bush in the early hours signed an emergency bill called the “Palm Sunday Compromise” to permit the reinsertion of a feeding tube to keep Terri Schiavo alive in Florida.
    (SFC, 3/21/05, p.A1)
2005        Mar 21, The US State Department said the US is suspending about $2 million in military assistance to Nicaragua because President Enrique Bolanos has not followed through on a promise to destroy surface-to-air-missiles.
    (AP, 3/21/05)
2005        Mar 21, Barry Diller's electronic commerce company IAC/InterActiveCorp announced that it is buying online search engine Ask Jeeves Inc. for $1.9 billion and taking aim at the Internet's advertising market leaders.
    (Econ, 3/26/05, p.66)
2005        Mar 21, Justin Mendoza of Daly City was shot and killed outside the Café Cocomo nightclub in SF. In 2008 Gerry Phongboupha (25) was convicted of 1st degree murder and other charges in connection to Mendoza’s murder.
    (SFC, 4/16/08, p.B5)
2005        Mar 21, In northern Minnesota Jeff Weise (17) gunned down five students, a teacher and a guard at Red Lake High School. The teen's grandfather and his grandfather's wife also were found dead, and the boy killed himself.
    (AP, 3/22/05)(SFC, 3/22/05, p.A1)
2005        Mar 21, Bobby Short (80), Cabaret singer who embodied the NYC style and sophistication, died. He was a fixture at his piano in the Carlyle Hotel for more than 35 years.
    (AP, 3/21/05)
2005        Mar 21, The BBC announced plans to cut almost 4,000 jobs to save hundreds of millions of pounds, as the world's biggest public broadcaster undergoes a major shake-up.
    (AP, 3/21/05)
2005        Mar 21, In Estonia PM Juhan parts (38) resigned after lawmakers said they had no confidence in his justice minister, Ken-Marti Vaher, due to an anti-corruption plan. Pres. Arnold Ruutel had 2 weeks to nominate a new prime minister.
    (SFC, 3/22/05, p.A3)
2005        Mar 21, Iceland's Parliament awarded citizenship to chess champion Bobby Fischer.
    (AP, 3/23/05)
2005        Mar 21, India’s PM Manmohan Singh vowed to do whatever is necessary to sustain economic growth of between 7 and 8 percent to help the 260 million Indians living in poverty.
    (AP, 3/21/05)
2005        Mar 21, India’s foreign ministry in New Delhi said very young and elderly Pakistanis visiting India will receive visas on arrival from April 1.
    (Reuters, 3/21/05)
2005        Mar 21, A top security official said Indonesia plans to formally outlaw the al-Qaida-linked terror group Jemaah Islamiyah, a move that will make it easier for authorities to arrest and prosecute militants in the world's most populous Muslim nation.
    (AP, 3/21/05)
2005        Mar 21, Insurgent attacks across Iraq left seven civilians and three Iraqi soldiers dead.
    (AP, 3/21/05)
2005        Mar 21, Iraqi officials at the morgue in the southeastern city of Kut said the facility received the bodies of six slain Iraqi army soldiers, five collected together, one separately.
    (AP, 3/22/05)
2005        Mar 21, Israeli and Palestinian negotiators reached agreement on handing over control of the West Bank town of Tulkarem to Palestinian security forces.
    (AP, 3/21/05)
2005        Mar 21, South Korea news reported that North Korea said it has increased its nuclear arsenal to help prevent a US attack.
    (AP, 3/21/05)
2005        Mar 21, It was reported that measles in Nigeria had killed 529 people this year.
    (WSJ, 3/21/05, p.A1)
2005        Mar 21, UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan proposed a new Human Rights Council, a smaller body that would meet year-round.
    (http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs/2005/sgsm9772.doc.htm)

2005        Mar 22, World Water Day. The UN General Assembly adopted resolution A/RES/47/193 of 22 December 1992 by which 22 March of each year was declared World Day for Water, to be observed starting in 1993.
    (www.unesco.org/water/water_celebrations/index.shtml)
2005        Mar 22, The US Federal Reserve raised its fed funds rate a quarter point to 2.75%.
    (SFC, 3/23/05, p.C1)
2005        Mar 22, A federal judge in Florida refused to order the reinsertion of Terri Schiavo's feeding tube, denying an emergency request from the brain-damaged woman's parents.
    (AP, 3/22/05)
2005        Mar 22, Iowa enacted a law requiring an ID check and signature before the sale of cold remedies containing an ingredient for methamphetamine.
    (WSJ, 3/23/05, p.A1)
2005        Mar 22, Anna Ayala of Las Vegas claimed that she bit into a piece of human finger while eating chili at a Wendy’s restaurant in San Jose, Ca. Ayala was arrested on Apr 21 on suspicion of attempted grand theft. Police later reported the finger came from an acquaintance of Ayala’s husband, who lost it in an industrial accident. Ayala and her husband Jaime Placencia pleaded guilty to all charges on Sep 9. In 2006 both were sentenced to 9 years in prison and ordered top pay $21.2 million in restitution to Wendy’s Int’l.
    (SFC, 3/25/05, p.A1)(SFC, 5/14/05, p.A1)(SFC, 9/10/05, p.A1)(SFC, 1/19/06, p.B1)
2005        Mar 22, IBM unveiled new anti-span technology called FairUCE. It used a giant database to identify computers sending spam and returned e-mails from those listed back to the sending machine.
    (WSJ, 3/22/05, p.B1)
2005        Mar 22, Officials from the ministry of health and the World Health Organization (WHO) said a deadly haemorrhagic fever that has claimed the lives of 96 people, mainly children, in Angola's northern Uige province has been identified as the rare Marburg virus.
    (www.meritcare.com/news/world/viewarticle.asp?id=18843)
2005        Mar 22, Astronomers reported a faint heat glow from giant planets circling distant stars.
    (SFC, 3/23/05, p.A1)
2005        Mar 22, In Afghanistan US warplanes killed five suspected Taliban or al-Qaida militants near the Pakistani border after guerrillas launched an overnight rocket and gun attack on American and Afghan military positions.
    (AP, 3/23/05)
2005        Mar 22, In Afghanistan US-led forces trying to capture a suspected Taliban militant got into a firefight that left seven people dead, including two children and a woman.
    (AP, 3/24/05)
2005        Mar 22, French lawmakers voted to dismantle the 35-hour workweek.
    (SFC, 3/23/05, p.A10)
2005        Mar 22, Gunmen in Port-au-Prince opened fire on the house of Haiti's justice minister, killing a police officer in a brazen attack that underscored the country's shaky security climate.
    (AP, 3/23/05)
2005        Mar 22, India said it has reached a basic agreement with Japan on the joint development of natural gas off the Andaman Islands in the Bay of Bengal.
    (AFP, 3/26/05)
2005        Mar 22, Militants targeted a US patrol with a roadside bomb that killed four nearby civilians in the northern city of Mosul. In Baghdad private citizens struck an insurgent patrol carrying grenades and killed 3 in a gun battle.
    (AP, 3/22/05)(SFC, 3/23/05, p.A3)
2005        Mar 22, Iraqi and US forces killed 80 militants in a battle west of Tikrit.
    (AP, 3/23/05)
2005        Mar 22, Israel completed its handover of the West Bank town of Tulkarem to Palestinian security control.
    (AP, 3/22/05)
2005        Mar 22, Kenzo Tange (91), Japanese architect, died. His work included the stadiums for the 1964 Tokyo Olympics.
    (SFC, 3/23/05, p.B7)
2005        Mar 22, A Jordanian military court convicted three Iraqis of smuggling rockets and hand grenades into the kingdom in connection with a plot to attack U.S. and Israeli targets.
    (AP, 3/22/05)
2005        Mar 22, Kyrgyzstan President Askar Akayev's spokesman said protests sweeping are part of a "coup" designed by criminals. The government signaled it has no intention of accepting election fraud charges that have fueled the massive rallies.
    (AP, 3/22/05)
2005        Mar 22, Nigeria’s Pres. Olusegun Obasanjo fired his education minister, Fabian Osuji, accusing him of bribing lawmakers including the Senate leader Adolphus Wabara and a string of other named senators of taking bribes totaling $398,550.
    (AP, 3/22/05)
2005        Mar 22, North Korea's Premier Pak Pong Ju began a visit to China at a time of American calls for Beijing to use its influence to prod the North back into nuclear talks.
    (AP, 3/22/05)
2005        Mar 22, Pakistan released 564 Indians, mostly fisherman, from its prisons in a goodwill gesture toward neighboring India.
    (AP, 3/22/05)

2005        Mar 23, Pres. Bush, Pres. Fox, and PM Paul Martin at a one-day summit in Texas signed a deal that provides for sweeping co-operation between Canada, Mexico and the US on security, economic and health issues. There was no sign of progress on touchy trade disputes. They agreed to boost border security and forge common approaches on everything from cargo inspection to maritime and aviation safety.
    (AP, 3/24/05)
2005        Mar 23, A federal appeals court refused to reinsert Terri Schiavo's feeding tube and the Florida Legislature decided not to intervene in the epic struggle over the brain-damaged woman; Schiavo's parents then filed a request with the Supreme Court.
    (AP, 3/23/06)
2005        Mar 23, Truck driver Tyrone Williams was convicted in a federal court in Houston for his role in the 2003 deaths of 19 illegal immigrants he was smuggling across Texas.
    (AP, 3/23/06)
2005        Mar 23, In Texas City, Texas, an explosion at BP's 1,200-acre plant near Houston killed 15 and injured 170 others. BP later acknowledged faulty equipment at the plant. In 2009 oil giant BP was hit with a record 52-million-pound fine for safety violations at the Texas refinery.
    (AP, 3/24/05)(SFC, 3/25/05, p.A4)(WSJ, 7/27/05, p.A1)(AFP, 10/30/09)(Econ, 5/8/10, p.68)
2005        Mar 23, Chinese President Hu Jintao stepped up pressure on North Korea to return to nuclear talks, telling its visiting premier that dialogue is the only way to settle the dispute.
    (AP, 3/23/05)
2005        Mar 23, Chinese state media reported that already severe water shortages are worsening due to heavy pollution of lakes and aquifers and urban development projects with a big thirst for water, such as lawns and fountains.
    (AP, 3/23/05)
2005        Mar 23, In southern Colombia Communist rebels ambushed a military convoy, killing 10 soldiers in a hail of gunfire and explosions.
    (AP, 3/23/05)
2005        Mar 23, It was reported that Dubai Holding, controlled by the ruler of Dubai, had reached a deal to buy 21,000 rental apartments in the US Sunbelt for $1 billion.
    (WSJ, 3/23/05, p.B6)
2005        Mar 23, Police fired tear gas into Ecuador's Congress before dawn to disperse opposition lawmakers who refused to leave after a legislative session that cut short a debate on candidates for attorney general.
    (AP, 3/23/05)
2005        Mar 23, France presented a U.N. resolution allowing for the prosecution of Sudanese war crimes suspects at the International Criminal Court, forcing the US to choose between accepting a body it opposes or casting a politically damaging veto.
    (AP, 3/23/05)
2005        Mar 23, Iran agreed to extend nuclear talks with EU nations and maintain a suspension of uranium enrichment but insisted it won’t scrap the program.
    (WSJ, 3/24/05, p.A1)
2005        Mar 23, Iraqi commandos backed by US forces raided a suspected guerrilla training camp and reportedly killed 85 fighters. Insurgents said only 11 were killed. 7 Iraqi commandos were killed.
    (AP, 3/23/05)(SFC, 3/25/05, p.A3)
2005        Mar 23, In Lebanon a bomb killed three people in a Christian commercial center, the second attack in an anti-Syrian stronghold in five days.
    (AP, 3/23/05)
2005        Mar 23, In Manila a terror suspect said the southern Philippines has become a major training ground for regional terror group Jemaah Islamiyah, graduating 23 bomb experts just days ago.
    (AP, 3/23/05)
2005        Mar 23, In South Africa some 21,000 Harmony Gold Mining Co. Ltd. mineworkers went on strike after mediation efforts with the union over pay and working conditions failed.
    (AP, 3/24/05)

2005        Mar 24, Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld announced the US will  release $3.2 million in aid to Guatemala for its progress in overhauling a military once blamed for human rights abuses.
    (AP, 3/24/05)
2005        Mar 24, The U.S. Supreme Court denied an appeal from the parents of Terri Schiavo to have a feeding tube reinserted into the severely brain-damaged woman.
    (AP, 3/24/06)
2005        Mar 24, US 30-year mortgages climbed just above 6% reflecting concerns in the financial markets about the threat of inflation.
    (SFC, 3/25/05, p.C1)
2005        Mar 24, The IRS said it has collected $3.2 billion for 1,165 participants in a tax shelter called “Son of BOSS.”
    (WSJ, 3/25/05, p.A1)
2005        Mar 24, The US FDA approved Boniva, a monthly pill to help women fight osteoporosis.
    (SFC, 3/26/05, p.A4)
2005        Mar 24, A California jury ordered Toshiba Corp. to pay an additional $84 million in punitive damages to Lexar Media, Inc. one day after a 381 million award for breach of fiduciary duty. The total damages of $465 million was the largest IP verdict in California history.
    (SSFC, 4/3/05, p.B1)
2005        Mar 24, Canada denied a US deserter’s bid for asylum.
    (WSJ, 3/25/05, p.A1)
2005        Mar 24, Chile’s Supreme Court refused to strip Gen. Augusto Pinochet of his immunity from prosecution.
    (SFC, 3/25/05, p.A3)
2005        Mar 24, In a move to further strengthen Cuba's national currency, Cuban President Fidel Castro announced that one of two types of money accepted on the island will no longer be automatically traded 1-1 to the US dollar. Beginning April 9, the exchange rate for the Cuban convertible peso will no longer be on par with the American dollar and instead will be tied to several foreign currencies, initially marking an 8 percent revaluation. The move will also help raise the value of the regular peso.
    (AP, 3/24/05)
2005        Mar 24, A Human Rights Watch investigator said Ethiopian troops have committed widespread killings, rapes and torture of the tribal Anuak population in the southwestern corner of the country since late 2003.
    (AP, 3/24/05)
2005        Mar 24, A French appeals court upheld the conviction of George Soros (74) for insider trading. Soros, whose Quantum Fund is worth about $8.3 billion, emigrated to the US in 1956 and set up Soros Fund Management in 1973. He later made a fortune on foreign exchange markets and was criticized in some quarters for speculating on, and arguably encouraging, the collapse of Asian currencies in the late 1990s.
    (AP, 3/24/05)
2005        Mar 24, Iraqi police mistook a group of Iraqi soldiers for insurgents and opened fire, sparking a 10-minute gunbattle that killed five in the northern town of Rabia.
    (AP, 3/24/05)
2005        Mar 24, A suicide bomber detonated an explosives-laden vehicle near the central city of Ramadi, killing 11 Iraqi police commandos and injuring 14 other people including 2 US soldiers. In an eastern Baghdad neighborhood, attackers killed 5 female translators working for the US military. Police found 2 decapitated bodies clad in Iraqi army uniforms west of Baghdad.
    (AP, 3/25/05)
2005        Mar 24, Chess legend Bobby Fischer walked free from a Japanese detention center and immediately headed to the airport to fly to his new home in Iceland.
    (AP, 3/24/05)
2005        Mar 24, Istat reported that Italy’s economy contracted 0.4% in the previous quarter due in part to a fall in exports.
    (WSJ, 3/25/05, p.A7)
2005        Mar 24, Suspected Muslim insurgents shot dead the brother of Kashmir's junior home minister while he was walking to a market.
    (Reuters, 3/24/05)
2005        Mar 24, In Kyrgyzstan protesters stormed the presidential compound, seizing control of the seat of state power after clashing with riot police during a large opposition rally. President Askar Akayev reportedly flew to Russia. The ITAR-Tass news agency said President Askar Akayev has resigned. This came to be called Kyrgyzstan’s “Tulip revolution.”
    (AP, 3/24/05)(SFC, 3/25/05, p.A1)(Econ, 8/1/09, p.38)
2005        Mar 24, In the southern Philippines, Marlene Garcia Esperat (45), a columnist for a weekly newspaper, was shot dead in her home in front of her children. Her husband told a radio station that his wife had "many enemies because of her exposes," mostly on corruption and other issues of governance.
    (AP, 3/26/05)

2005        Mar 25, Washington announced it would sell F-16 fighters to Pakistan.
    (Reuters, 3/26/05)
2005        Mar 25, Losing still more legal appeals, Terri Schiavo's father, Bob Schindler, said his severely brain-damaged daughter was "down to her last hours" as she entered her second week without the feeding tube that had sustained her life for 15 years.
    (AP, 3/25/06)
2005        Mar 25, Paul Henning (93), producer of the TV series “The Beverly Hillbillies” (1962-1971) died in Burbank, Ca. Henning also wrote the show’s theme song.
    (SFC, 3/26/05, p.B5)
2005        Mar 25, Some 1000 Belarusian demonstrators tried to rally outside the office of authoritarian President Alexander Lukashenko to demand his ouster, but they were beaten back by riot police swinging truncheons.
    (AP, 3/25/05)
2005        Mar 25, Cambodia and Vietnam each confirmed an additional death from bird flu, raising Southeast Asia's death toll to 48.
    (AP, 3/25/05)
2005        Mar 25, In Cairo, Egypt, the new $30 million, 74-acre Al-Azhar, was to be inaugurated under the auspices of Aga Khan.
    (SFC, 3/12/05, p.F1)
2005        Mar 25, In Ghana sparks from a welder's torch ignited a raging fire on MV Polaris, a Greek tanker moored in Tema, killing three people and leaving 12 others feared dead.
    (AP, 3/25/05)
2005        Mar 25, India announced that it has agreed with the United States to a series of steps to boost defense and energy ties.
    (Reuters, 3/26/05)
2005        Mar 25, In Iraq Maj. Gen. Salman Muhammad, head of an Iraqi national guard division in Basra, was assassinated on route to a funeral. One of 2 sons was also killed.
    (SFC, 3/26/05, p.A11)
2005        Mar 25, Japan’s world fair, Aichi Expo 2005, opened. It ended on Sep 25.
    (SSFC, 3/27/05, p.F2)(http://www.expo2005.or.jp/en/)
2005        Mar 25, In Kyrgyzstan Kurmanbek Bakiyev (55) was appointed acting president by parliament. The opposition scrambled to restore order in Bishkek, a capital described as "gone mad" with looting and vandalism, after driving President Askar Akayev from power.
    (AP, 3/25/05)(SFC, 3/26/05, p.A3)
2005        Mar 25, The UN Security Council voted to send 10,700 peacekeepers to Sudan to monitor a peace deal ending a 21-year-civil war.
    (AP, 3/25/05)
2005        Mar 25, An ailing, silent Pope John Paul appeared to the faithful via video for Good Friday services at the Vatican.
    (AP, 3/25/06)

2005        Mar 26, In Afghanistan 4 US soldiers died when their vehicle struck a land mine.
    (AP, 3/26/05)
2005        Mar 26, James Callaghan, former British prime minister (1976-1979), died on the eve of his 93rd birthday.
    (SSFC, 3/27/05, p.A21)(Econ, 4/2/05, p.80)
2005        Mar 26, A twin-engine commercial Czech-built Let-410 airplane, crashed while taking off from the tiny Colombian island of Old Providence, killing 8 people, including a 3-year-old boy, and injuring six other passengers.
    (AP, 3/26/05)
2005        Mar 26, In Iraq a car bomb struck a US military patrol in Baghdad, killing two U.S. soldiers and injuring two others.
    (AP, 3/26/05)
2005        Mar 26, A fire swept through a sprawling Moscow art market popular with tourists for its unusual antiques from around the former Soviet Union and sometimes bargain prices, and news reports said two people were killed.
    (AP, 3/26/05)
2005        Mar 26, In Taiwan about a million people marched through the capital to protest a new Chinese law that authorizes an attack on the island if it moves toward formal independence.
    (AP, 3/26/05)
2005        Mar 26, German Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger stood in for Pope John Paul II during the Easter Vigil Mass at the Vatican. Ratzinger later succeed John Paul, becoming Pope Benedict XVI.
    (AP, 3/26/06)

2005        Mar 27, In a live Internet interview with the Rev. Jesse Jackson, Michael Jackson declared himself "completely innocent" of child molestation charges, and said he was the victim of a conspiracy.
    (AP, 3/27/06)
2005        Mar 27, In Brazil Vitalmiro Moura, the rancher accused of ordering the killing of American nun Dorothy Stang in the Amazon rainforest six weeks ago, surrendered to police and declared his innocence.
    (AP, 3/27/05)
2005        Mar 27, A Cairo court sentenced an Egyptian to 35 years in prison after finding him guilty of spying for the Iranian Revolutionary Guard and planning to assassinate Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak. The court gave Mahmoud Eid Mohamed Dabbous 10 years in prison for spying for a foreign state and another 25 years for plotting to kill Mubarak.
    (Reuters, 3/27/05)
2005        Mar 27, Egyptian police detained about 200 members and supporters of the Muslim Brotherhood, before and during an attempt to protest outside parliament in favor of reform.
    (AP, 3/28/05)
2005        Mar 27, Ahmed Zaki (55), one of Egypt's most acclaimed actors, died. He portrayed former Egyptian presidents Gamal Abdel Nasser and Anwar Sadat.
    (AP, 3/27/05)
2005        Mar 27, Iraqi security officials opened fire on a crowd of protesters outside a government building, killing one. Al-Qaida's arm in Iraq posted a video purportedly showing an Iraqi Interior Ministry official being killed.
    (AP, 3/27/05)
2005        Mar 27, Kashmir police said suspected militants shot dead a grandmother, mother and her infant daughter after the child's father, a former Kashmiri separatist rebel, surrendered to Indian security forces.
    (AP, 3/27/05)
2005        Mar 27, In Kyrgyzstan 2 rival parliaments competed for power, raising political uncertainty in the former Soviet nation. Both groups, the parliament newly elected in a disputed vote that sparked massive discontent, and the one that lost the election, met in separate chambers over the weekend, each claiming to represent the people.
    (AP, 3/27/05)
2005        Mar 27, Macedonians cast ballots in municipal elections, but the voting was marred by irregularities that could potentially harm the country's ambitions to join NATO and the EU.
    (AP, 3/27/05)
2005        Mar 27, Morocco’s per capita income was reported to be about $1,200 per year. One of 5 urban Moroccans was unemployed.
    (SFCM, 3/27/05, p.11)
2005        Mar 27, The head of Myanmar's ruling junta said the country was moving toward democracy but gave no indication of when the military would relinquish its 43-year grip on power.
    (AP, 3/27/05)
2005        Mar 27, Communist North Korea for the first time confirmed an outbreak of deadly bird flu at its poultry farms and said hundreds of thousands of chickens had been culled to contain it.
    (AP, 3/27/05)
2005        Mar 27, Pope John Paul II delivered an Easter Sunday blessing to tens of thousands of people in St. Peter's Square, but the ailing pontiff was unable to speak and managed only to greet the saddened crowd with a sign of the cross.
    (AP, 3/27/06)

2005        Mar 28, The Colorado Supreme Court threw out the death penalty in a rape-and-murder case because five of the jurors had consulted the Bible and quoted Scripture during deliberations.
    (AP, 3/28/06)
2005        Mar 28, Hank Greenberg, former longtime CEO of American Int’l. Group (AIG), announced his retirement. He was ousted as CEO 2 weeks earlier.
    (WSJ, 3/29/05, p.C1)
2005        Mar 28, It was reported that a consortium of 7 private equity firms purchased SunGard Data systems for $11.3 billion in the biggest buyout since 1989.
    (Econ, 4/2/05, p.66)
2005        Mar 28, Hu Xiaoliam was appointed the 1st female head of China’s State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE). The regulator will oversee new trading and price quotes in 8 currency pairs through the interbank China foreign Exchange Trade System (CFETS).
    (Econ, 4/2/05, p.68)
2005        Mar 28, In Haiti gunmen with assault rifles ambushed a group of police in Port-au-Prince, spraying their car with bullets in a bold daylight attack that killed 2 officers and a driver.
    (AP, 3/28/05)
2005        Mar 28, An 8.7 earthquake occurred in northern Sumatra, Indonesia, in what technically was considered an aftershock to the Dec 26 quake. At least 330 people were killed in collapsed buildings on Nias Island. No major tsunami followed. The UN raised its toll to 624. The government estimated 400-500 were killed.
    (SFC, 3/29/05, p.A1)(AP, 3/31/05)(Econ, 4/2/05, p.37)
2005        Mar 28, In Iraq 3 Romanian journalists and their translator were abducted near their Baghdad hotel. The journalists were freed by US forces on May 22.
    (AP, 3/29/05)(SSFC, 10/15/06, p.A20)
2005        Mar 28, Ireland enacted a law outlawing English on road signs and official maps on much of the nation’s western coast, where many people speak Gaelic.
    (SFC, 3/29/05, p.A2)
2005        Mar 28, Israeli troops raided the West Bank town of Jenin, carrying out house-to-house searches and arresting eight Palestinians.
    (AP, 3/28/05)
2005        Mar 28, It was reported that Japanese consumer prices had fallen in February at their fastest pace in nearly 2 years. Japan’s deflation was now almost 6 years old. The Ministry of Finance said government debt hit a new record high of $7.062 trillion as of the end of Dec.
    (WSJ, 3/28/05, p.A14)
2005        Mar 28, Interim leader Kurmanbek Bakiyev recognized Kyrgyzstan's new parliament as legitimate even though it was chosen in disputed elections, a move designed to end a struggle between the rival legislatures.
    (AP, 3/28/05)
2005        Mar 28, Tafa Balogun, Nigeria’s Inspector General of Police, was arrested. He was later charged with numerous counts including embezzling $93 million from police funds.
    (Econ, 8/20/05, p.37)(www.efccnigeria.org/)
2005        Mar 28, In Peshawar, Pakistan, thousands of opposition activists chanted "Death to dictatorship!" in the latest demonstration against Pres. Gen. Pervez Musharraf's grip on power.
    (AP, 3/28/05)
2005        Mar 28, Pres. Vladimir Putin ordered the Russian government to draft legal reforms that would close the book on shady privatization deals of the 1990s and streamline tax collection.
    (AP, 3/28/05)
2005        Mar 28, Sudanese authorities said they had detained 14 people on suspicion of crimes, including rape and murder, committed in the war-ravaged western region of Darfur.
    (AFP, 3/28/05)

2005        Mar 29, New York’s top court ruled that an out-of-state programmer must pay state taxes on his full salary despite working mostly via computer.
    (WSJ, 3/30/05, p.A1)   
2005        Mar 29, It was reported that the Carlyle Group (b.1987) had become the 1st $10 billion entity in the private equity industry. Its executives included a number of former, highly placed, political figures.
    (WSJ, 3/29/05, p.C1)
2005        Mar 29, As Terri Schiavo entered her 12th full day without food or water, the Rev. Jesse Jackson prayed with her parents and joined conservatives in calling for Florida lawmakers to order her feeding tube reinserted.
    (AP, 3/29/06)
2005        Mar 29, Mark Hurd, CEO of NCR, was named as new CEO of Hewlett-Packard.
    (AP, 3/29/05)(WSJ, 4/4/05, p.B1)   
2005        Mar 29, Johnnie L. Cochran Jr. (b.1937), lawyer, died in LA at age 67. He became a legal superstar after helping clear O.J. Simpson during the 1995 sensational murder trial in which he uttered the famous quote ''If it doesn't fit, you must acquit.''
    (AP, 3/29/05)
2005        Mar 29, It was reported that China’s influence in Africa was expanding rapidly. Chinese projects included the rebuilding of Nigeria’s railroad network; the paving of roads in Rwanda; ownership of copper mines in Zambia; timer operations in Equatorial Guinea; supermarket operations in Lesotho.
    (WSJ, 3/29/05, p.A1)
2005        Mar 29, In eastern China a truck loaded with chlorine overturned on a highway after a tire burst, spewing fumes that killed 27 people and left another 285 hospitalized.
    (AP, 3/30/05)
2005        Mar 29, Colombian President Alvaro Uribe sought international help to end 40 years of civil war in his country, telling the leaders of Venezuela, Brazil and Spain that the violence is too fierce to confront without their aid.
    (AP, 3/29/05)
2005        Mar 29, A video surfaced on the Internet showing three drivers who said they worked for a Jordanian trucking company being shot by gunmen claiming to belong to a militant Islamic group in Iraq.
    (AP, 3/30/05)
2005        Mar 29, The UN Security Council ordered the Sudanese government to inform the UN before sending any more weapons to Darfur.
    (Econ, 4/2/05, p.42)
2005        Mar 29, Syria promised the UN that it will withdraw all troops from Lebanon before parliamentary elections but didn't mention a pullout of its intelligence operatives as demanded by the Security Council.
    (AP, 3/29/05)
2005        Mar 29, In Venezuela a crowded bus overturned on a highway and plunged 50 feet down a hill, killing 25 people.
    (AP, 3/29/05)
2005        Mar 29, In Yemen clashes between the military and followers of a slain cleric stretched into a second day of fighting, leaving eight Yemeni soldiers dead.
    (AP, 3/29/05)

2005        Mar 30, The US Bureau of Economic Analysis final estimate of inflation adjusted GDP indicated 3.8% growth for the 4th quarter of 2004.
    (www.bea.gov/bea/dn1.htm)
2005        Mar 30, The US Supreme Court ruled that federal law allows people 40 and over to file age bias claims over salary and hiring even if employers never intended any harm.
    (AP, 3/30/06)
2005        Mar 30, Fred Korematsu (86), who'd challenged the World War II internment policy that sent Japanese-Americans to detention camps, died in Larkspur, Ca.
    (AP, 3/30/06)
2005        Mar 30, Robert Creeley (b.1926), US poet, died in Odessa, Texas.
    (SFC, 4/1/05, p.B7)
2005        Mar 30, Under heavy protection, First Lady Laura Bush visited the capital of Afghanistan, where she talked with Afghan women freed from Taliban repression and urged greater rights.
    (AP, 3/30/06)
2005        Mar 30, Inmates of Barbados' lone prison set fires and battled guards and each other for a second day, leaving one prisoner dead and eight injured.
    (AP, 3/30/05)
2005        Mar 30, In Toronto, Canada, a massive blaze ravaged a plastics factory in the city's west-end, closing a section of a major highway and keeping firefighters on the scene for hours as they struggled to contain the six-alarm blaze.
    (AP, 3/31/05)
2005        Mar 30, In India shops kept their shutters down as striking traders said they would step up their protest against a new value-added tax (VAT) due to take effect on April 1.
    (AP, 3/30/05)
2005        Mar 30, In Iraq two US soldiers died in separate clashes. A car bomb exploded in western Baghdad, killing one person and injuring at least six others. Gunmen also opened fire on a truck carrying faithful near Hillah, 60 miles south of Baghdad. One person was killed.
    (AP, 3/30/05)(AP, 3/31/05)
2005        Mar 30, Dutch bank ABN Amro announced a 6.3 billion euros ($8.1 billion) bid for the 87 percent of Italian bank Antonveneta it does not already own, the second foreign offer for an Italian bank in as many days.
    (AP, 3/30/05)
2005        Mar 30, Nepalese Finance Minister Madhukar Shumsher Rana and Pakistan's Minister of State for Economic Affairs Hina Rabbani Khar concluded two days of talks by signing an agreement to boost trade and investment. Pakistan offered Nepal five million dollars in trade credits and talks on a free trade agreement after the first meeting of senior economic officials of the two countries in a decade.
    (AFP, 3/30/05)
2005        Mar 30, The UN-backed Millennium Ecosystem Assessment report was released. It identified 24 main ecosystem services, most of which are found in forests.
    (www.maweb.org/en/article.aspx?id=58)(Econ, 9/25/10, SR p.6)

2005        Mar 31, A US presidential commission reported that US intelligence agencies were dead wrong in their prewar assessment of Iraq’s nuclear, biological and chemical weapons.
    (SFC, 4/1/05, p.A1)
2005        Mar 31, A US Commerce Dept. study on Internet traffic, ordered in 1998, was published under the title “Signposts in Cyberspace.”
    (SFC, 4/1/05, p.C3)
2005        Mar 31, The World Bank confirmed Paul Wolfowitz as its new president.
    (WSJ, 4/1/05, p.A1)
2005        Mar 31, South Carolina defeated Saint Joseph's, 60-57, in the NIT championship game.
    (AP, 3/31/06)
2005        Mar 31, Terri Schiavo (41), the severely brain-damaged woman who spent 15 years connected to a feeding tube in an epic legal and medical battle that went all the way to the White House and Congress, died in Florida, 13 days after the tube was removed.
    (AP, 3/31/05)(SFC, 4/1/05, p.A1)
2005        Mar 31, Frank Perdue, businessman, died in Salisbury, Maryland. He transformed his father’s backyard egg business into one of the nation's largest poultry processors using the folksy slogan, "It takes a tough man to make a tender chicken."
    (AP, 4/1/05)(SFC, 4/2/05, p.B5)
2005        Mar 31, A US C-130 airplane crashed near the remote village of Rovie and all 9 Americans onboard were killed in mountainous southern Albania during a joint exercise.
    (AP, 4/1/05)
2005        Mar 31, It was reported that Shirin Gul (39), an Afghan housewife, stood accused with her lover and son (18) of murdering 27 men over the last 4 years in order to sell their cars across the border in Pakistan.
    (SFC, 3/31/05, p.A3)
2005        Mar 31, In Brazil a massacre in Nova Iguacu, outside of Rio, left 29 people dead. The next day state officials said they might have been carried out by police incensed by investigations of brutality and corruption by "bad" cops. In 2006 a court convicted Carlos Jorge Carvalho (32) a state police officer, of taking part in the Baixada massacre. In 2009 ex-officer Julio Cesar de Paula  was sentenced to 480 years in prison and ex-officer Marcos Siqueira Costa to 543 years for homicide and belonging to a criminal organization. The length of the sentences was largely symbolic because under Brazilian law no one can serve more than 30 years in prison.
    (AP, 4/1/05)(SFC, 6/24/05, p.A16)(AP, 8/23/06)(AP, 9/16/09)
2005        Mar 31, Alberta repaid the last of its debt and became Canada’s only borrowing-free province.
    (www.gov.ab.ca/home/index.cfm?Page=852)(www.td.com/economics/budgets/ab05.jsp)
2005        Mar 31, The president of Ecuador's Supreme Court annulled corruption charges against former President Abdala Bucaram, paving the way for his possible return from political asylum in Panama.
    (AP, 4/1/05)
2005        Mar 31, The EU head office said it will seek to impose additional sanctions of up to 15 percent on US products to punish Washington for failing to repeal an antidumping law ruled illegal by the World Trade Organization.
    (AP, 3/31/05)
2005        Mar 31, Guyana police found American missionaries Richard Hicks (42) and his wife Charlene Hicks (58) slain at a farm they rented in southwestern Guyana near the border with Brazil. In 2008 Guyana police issued arrest warrants for two Brazilians accused of the killings. Peter Marare and Aleiman Cassiano Eligenio, who were ranch hands on the couple's farm, faced one count of murder each.
    (AP, 4/1/05)(AP, 8/6/08)
2005        Mar 31, India's PM said India and Mauritius are moving toward a free trade agreement to boost the island's threatened trade portfolio and help India tap into African markets.
    (AP, 3/31/05)
2005        Mar 31, A suicide bomber blew up his car south of Kirkuk, killing two Iraqi army soldiers and three bystanders. A second car bomber attacked a joint U.S.-Iraqi patrol in the center of Samarra, killing three people and injuring more than a dozen others. Bombings and ambushes across Iraq left at least a dozen Iraqis and one US soldier dead.
    (AP, 3/31/05)(SFC, 4/1/05, p.A3)
2005        Mar 31, Rho on the outskirts of Milan, Italy, inaugurated a trade fair over the site of a polluted refinery closed in 1992. The site featured a new structure by Massimilian Fuksas.
    (Econ, 4/2/05, p.61)
2005        Mar 31, The World Bank approved financing support for the controversial $1.2 billion Nam Theun 2 dam in Laos.
    (WSJ, 4/1/05, p.A8)
2005        Mar 31, Two Lithuanian illusionists have begun an attempt to break the record for staying inside a giant ice cube, set by US magician David Blaine in 2000 when he spent nearly 62 hours inside a block of ice.
    (AFP, 4/1/05)
2005        Mar 31, In Palestine Mahmoud Abbas ordered a crackdown on Ramallah militants after a group of gunmen fired at his compound in a sign of escalating tensions.
    (AP, 3/31/05)
2005        Mar 31, A Rwandan Hutu militia group, the Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda, denounced the Hutu-orchestrated 1994 genocide in the African country and announced it was stopping its fighting in the region.
    (AP, 3/31/05)
2005        Mar 31, Zimbabweans waited in long lines to vote in parliamentary elections that President Robert Mugabe hopes will prove the legitimacy of a regime.
    (AP, 3/31/05)
2005        Mar 31, After weeks of often bitter negotiations, the UN Security Council approved a resolution to refer Sudanese war crimes suspects to the International Criminal Court, agreeing to major concessions demanded by United States.
    (AP, 4/1/05)

2005        Mar, The US Senate passed the Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and Consumer Protection Act. It imposed a means test that would force people who earn more than their state’s median income into Chapter 13, requiring debtors to submit a repayment plan.
    (Econ, 3/12/05, p.36)
2005        Mar, American potato farmers formed the United Potato Growers of America, a group of regional farming cooperatives intent on keeping demand for potatoes high by controlling supply. The 1922 Capper-Volstead Act exempted farmers from federal antitrust laws permitting them to share prices and orchestrate supply.
    (WSJ, 9/26/06, p.B1)
2005        Mar, The Y Combinator company, an American startup incubator (accelerator) for tech companies, was founded by Paul Graham, Robert Morris, Trevor Blackwell, and Jessica Livingston.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Y_Combinator_%28company%29)
2005        Mar, Scientists reported that they have finished sequencing the X chromosome. Scientists also reported the replication of a new artificial base pair, 3-fluoro-benzene (3FB).
    (Econ, 3/19/05, p.84)
2005        Mar, Sheik Khalifa, ruler of Abu Dhabi, issued a decree granting citizens the right to buy and sell land.
    (WSJ, 10/21/05, p.A10)
2005        Mar, Mining giant BHP-Billiton paid $7 billion to acquire WMC Resources of Australia. WMC owned the Olympic Dam copper an d gold mine, which also contained the world’s largest uranium deposit.
    (Econ, 8/21/10, p.56)
2005        Mar, In Egypt protests by the Kefaya (Enough) Movement drew hundreds across the country to oppose a fifth term for Pres. Mubarak or plans to let his son Gamal succeed him.
    (www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2011/01/27/3122993.htm)
2005        Mar, Indonesia’s Pres. Yudhoyono enforced a 29% fuel price increase after promising to invest in health and education with the cash saved.
    (Econ, 10/1/05, p.40)
2005        Mar, Jamaica brought in Mark Shields, a top policeman from London’s Scotland Yard, to help re-organize police services and stem rising murder rates.
    (Econ, 8/13/05, p.32)
2005        Mar, Kuwait based MTC agreed to pay nearly $3.4 billion for Amsterdam-based Celtel Int’l., founded by Mo Ibrahim, who stood to make $700 million by selling his one-fifth stake. Celtel had 5 million customers spread across 13 African countries.
    (Econ, 4/2/05, p.58)
2005        Mar, Morocco’s free-trade agreement with the US was scheduled to go into effect.
    (SFC, 2/23/05, p.C1)
2005        Mar, Sheik Saud al-Thani (38), a member of the royal family of Qatar, was arrested on allegations of misappropriating state funds and buying art for himself with money designated for Qatari museums. He was later released. Auction sales in Islamic art soon plunged.
    (WSJ, 7/29/05, p.W1)
2005        Mar, Kofi Annan proposed a UN reform plan that included increasing the security council membership from 15 to 24. A change in the charter required the approval of at least two-thirds of the UN’s 191 members.
    (Econ, 3/26/05, p.31)

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