Timeline 2005 April - June

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2005        Apr 1, President Clinton's former national security adviser, Sandy Berger, pleaded guilty to sneaking classified documents out of the National Archives; he was later sentenced to two years' probation.
    (AP, 4/1/06)
2005        Apr 1, Oil prices closed on Nymex at a record $57.27 per barrel sending the DJIA down 99 points to 10,404.
    (SFC, 4/2/05, p.A1)
2005        Apr 1, It was reported that scientific evidence from Brookhaven National Laboratory indicated the creation of a quark-gluon plasma, a form of matter that last existed moments after the big bang.
    (WSJ, 4/1/05, p.B1)
2005        Apr 1, Suspected Taliban gunmen ambushed a convoy of civilian trucks carrying vehicles to the US military in southern Afghanistan, killing three drivers. A bomb planted on a tractor trolley killed two people and injured five in the northern city of Mazar-i-Sharif while a roadside bomb blast in southern Kandahar province killed two teenagers.
    (AP, 4/2/05)
2005        Apr 1, Australia and NATO signed an agreement to cooperate in the fight against international terrorism, weapons proliferation and other global military threats.
    (AP, 4/1/05)
2005        Apr 1, UN officials said a cholera epidemic has killed at least 4 and infected dozens in a squalid camp for displaced people in northeastern Congo, and it threatens to spread across the entire region.
    (AP, 4/1/05)
2005        Apr 1, Influential Sunni scholars encouraged Iraqis to join the country's security forces and protect the country, issuing an edict that departed sharply from earlier warnings against participating in the fledgling police and army.
    (AP, 4/1/05)
2005        Apr 1, Nepal's royal government freed a popular former prime minister and 258 other detainees, the biggest prisoner release since King Gyanendra seized full power 2 months ago.
    (AP, 4/1/05)
2005        Apr 1, In Pakistan motorcycle-riding gunmen shot dead a Shiite scholar and injured two people including his daughter in a suspected sectarian attack in Lahore.
    (AP, 4/1/05)
2005        Apr 1, Saudi Arabia’s Tadawul All-Share Index reached a record 10853, up 28% for the year this far.
    (WSJ, 4/4/05, p.C18)
2005        Apr 1, Saudi Arabia beheaded 3 men in public in the northern city of al-Jawf where in 2003 they killed a deputy governor, a religious court judge and a police lieutenant.
    (AP, 4/3/05)
2005        Apr 1, The Vatican reported that Pope John Paul II was near death, his breathing shallow and his heart and kidneys failing.
    (AP, 4/1/06)
2005        Apr 1, Zimbabwe opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai dismissed the previous day's elections as "massive fraud" and accused President Robert Mugabe of treating his country like "his private property."
    (AP, 4/1/05)

2005        Apr 2, In Florida Terri Schiavo's body was cremated as disagreements continued between her husband and her parents, who were unable to have their own independent expert observe her autopsy.
    (AP, 4/2/06)
2005        Apr 2, In southern Afghanistan Taliban militants stormed a government building in Deshu district and killed 3 Afghan soldiers in a two-hour gunbattle before fleeing. A Western security source in Kandahar linked the attack to an ongoing counter-narcotics drive in Helmand province and said security was deteriorating there.
    (AFP, 4/3/05)(SSFC, 4/3/05, p.A9)
2005        Apr 2, An Australian navy helicopter crashed on the earthquake-devastated Indonesian island of Nias. Media reported that nine people were killed and two were rescued.
    (AP, 4/2/05)
2005        Apr 2, Brazilian state police detained 2 police officers in the Mar 31 shooting spree that left 30 dead in Rio’s north side.
    (SSFC, 4/3/05, p.A9)
2005        Apr 2, UN troops killed up to 38 militia fighters during a raid by hundreds of peacekeepers backed by helicopter gunships in the Ituri district of eastern Congo.
    (Reuters, 4/2/05)
2005        Apr 2, The Czech information minister resigned, becoming the 4th Czech government member to do so this week in fallout over a scandal surrounding PM Stanislav Gross' luxury apartment.
    (AP, 4/2/05)
2005        Apr 2, Ecuador's former president Abdala Bucaram returned home after spending eight years in exile in Panama, telling thousands that he plans to lead a "revolution of the poor" modeled after President Hugo Chavez' Venezuela.
    (AP, 4/3/05)
2005        Apr 2, In central Iraq a car bomb exploded, killing five people, including 4 police officers on patrol. A gunmen killed an education official in Baghdad. A US Marine was killed in Ramadi. 40-60 insurgents attacked the Abu Ghraib prison but were repelled by US forces.
    (AP, 4/2/05)(SSFC, 4/3/05, p.A3)
2005        Apr 2, Pope John Paul II, born in Poland in 1920 as Karol Wojtyla, died in Rome at age 84. He was elevated to Pope in 1978 and was the first non-Italian pope in 455 years. In November Viking published “John Paul the Great: Remembering a Spiritual Father" by Peggy Noonan.
    (AP, 4/2/05)(WSJ, 11/22/05, p.D8)
2005        Apr 2, President Robert Mugabe's ruling party won 78 out of 120 contested seats in Zimbabwe's disputed parliamentary elections, giving him enough seats to press ahead with plans to change the constitution to strengthen his grip on power. The Opposition for Democratic Change (MDC) won 35 seats.
    (AP, 4/2/05)(SFC, 4/2/05, p.A12)(Reuters, 4/2/05)

2005        Apr 3, Daylight Savings Time (DST) began on this 1st Sunday in April.
    (SFC, 4/2/05, p.A1)
2005        Apr 3, In Arizona Minuteman anti-immigrant activists began showing up to guard the border against illegal crossings. Grupo Beta, a Mexican government-sponsored organization that tries to discourage people from crossing illegally and aids those stranded in the desert, began patrolling that area along with state police officers.
    (AP, 4/6/05)
2005        Apr 3, Residents in China’s Zhejiang province clashed with police officers and workers sent in to quell their protests over pollution from chemical factories. As many as 60 cars were destroyed and some people were reported killed.
    (SSFC, 10/2/05, p.C1)(www.christusrex.org/www1/news/nyt-4-14-05b.html)
2005        Apr 3, Iraqi lawmakers elected Sunni Arab Hachem Hassani as parliament speaker and Shiite and Kurdish leaders as his deputies, ending days of deadlock.
    (AP, 4/3/05)(WSJ, 4/4/05, p.A1)
2005        Apr 3, In eastern Pakistan hundreds of Islamic radicals protesting against the participation of women in a road race hurled stones and bricks at competitors, and clashed with police, leaving at least 18 people injured.
    (AP, 4/3/05)
2005        Apr 3, Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas announced plans for a jobs program aimed at militants.
    (SFC, 4/12/05, p.A6)(http://tinyurl.com/6ldnx)
2005        Apr 3, In central Saudi Arabia a gun battle began that left 7 suspected al-Qaida militants killed in a shootout with Saudi security forces in ar-Rass.
    (AP, 4/4/05)
2005        Apr 3, In southern Thailand 2 near-simultaneous bombs exploded, including one at the airport in Hat Yai city killing one person and wounding a dozen.
    (AFP, 4/3/05)
2005         Apr 3, A day after the death of Pope John Paul II, the body of the pontiff lay in state. Millions prayed and wept at services across the globe, as the Vatican prepared for the ritual-filled funeral and conclave that would choose a successor.
    (AP, 4/3/06)

2005        Apr 4, The Los Angeles Times and The Wall Street Journal captured two Pulitzer Prizes apiece; Marilynne Robinson received the fiction award for her novel "Gilead," while John Patrick Shanley received the drama Pulitzer for "Doubt."
    (SFC, 4/5/05, p.A11)(AP, 4/4/06)
2005        Apr 4, The North Carolina Tarheels won the NCAA men’s basketball championship over Illinois, 75-70.
    (WSJ, 4/5/05, p.A1)
2005        Apr 4, The US Supreme Court ruled that IRAs can’t be seized in bankruptcies.
    (WSJ, 4/5/05, p.A1)
2005        Apr 4, The US Treasury Dept. said all Series EE bonds sold after May 1 will pay interest rates that are fixed for at least 20 years.
    (SFC, 4/5/05, p.C1)
2005        Apr 4, US Coaches Jim Boeheim and Jim Calhoun were elected to the Basketball Hall of Fame.
    (AP, 4/4/06)
2005        Apr 4, Oil prices hit an interday high of $58.28 per barrel.
    (SFC, 4/5/05, p.C1)
2005        Apr 4, Chevron announced plans to purchase Unocal Corp. for $18.4 billion. Chevron’s eventual acquisition of Unocal included a stake in the Yadana project in Myanmar, in which Unocal invested in the 1990s along with France’s Total, Myanmar Oil and Gas Enterprise and the petroleum Authority of Thailand. Total with a 31% stake operated the project. The Yadana project brought in an estimated $969 million to the government undercutting international sanctions to isolate the regime.
    (SFC, 4/5/05, p.A1)(SFC, 10/4/07, p.A10)(SFC, 4/29/08, p.D3)
2005        Apr 4, Evergreen Int’l., a Panamanian shipping line, pleaded guilty to over 2 dozen counts of illegal dumping around the US. It was ordered to pay a fine of $25 million, one of the largest ever imposed for polluting the ocean.
    (SFC, 4/5/05, p.B8)
2005        Apr 4, The leaders of Australia and Indonesia signed a partnership agreement that they said would lead to new security pact between their countries.
    (AP, 4/4/05)
2005        Apr 4, In Brazil authorities arrested 11 police suspected of participating in death squad killings that left 30 people dead in two towns on Rio's poor outskirts.
    (AP, 4/5/05)
2005        Apr 4, In Canada Edward Bronfman, Canadian businessman, died. Bronfman and his brother, Peter, built Edper Investments Ltd. into a business with interests ranging from forestry and mining to banking, beer and hockey to form the core of what is today Brascan Corp.
    (SFC, 4/6/05, p.B7)(http://tinyurl.com/6jsag)
2005        Apr 4, China's foreign ministry called in Japan's ambassador to Beijing to express its "indignation" at Tokyo's approval of nationalist school history textbooks.
    (AP, 4/5/05)
2005        Apr 4, Shanghai, China's largest city, enacted a new rule requiring home owners to pay off their mortgages before selling property, the boldest measure yet in new efforts to cool surging real estate prices.
    (AP, 4/7/05)
2005        Apr 4, About 300 university students staged a rowdy protest in downtown Cairo calling for Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak to step down and further democratic reforms.
    (AP, 4/5/05)
2005        Apr 4, Maoist rebel leaders in southern India said they had given up on efforts to make peace, blaming local police for mounting violence since a truce collapsed more than three months ago.
    (AP, 4/4/05)
2005        Apr 4, A joint US-Iraqi attack on dozens of insurgents in eastern Diyala province left two American soldiers and one Iraqi soldier dead. A suicide bomber blew himself up near the gates of Abu Ghraib prison.
    (AP, 4/5/05)(SFC, 4/5/05, p.A3)
2005        Apr 4, PM Junichiro Koizumi proposed privatizing Japan's postal service by 2017, a step that would create the world's biggest bank out of the mammoth pile of cash deposited at post offices by conscientious Japanese savers.
    (AP, 4/4/05)
2005        Apr 4, Kyrgyz President Askar Akayev, who fled the country last month after demonstrators stormed his offices, signed a resignation agreement.
    (AP, 4/4/05)
2005        Apr 4, A minister said Malaysia plans to hire 169,000 foreign workers to overcome an acute labor shortage after a crackdown on illegal migrants.
    (AP, 4/4/05)
2005        Apr 4, Nepal's King Gyanendra, in his first address to the military since he seized power, urged the security forces to crush a long-running revolt by Maoist rebels, accusing the militants of "terrorism."
    (AP, 4/4/05)
2005        Apr 4, A Palestinian official immediately denounced Israeli plans to dispose of garbage on Palestinian land in the West Bank, as violating international law, saying, "We are not a dumping ground."
    (AP, 4/4/05)
2005        Apr 4, Tens of thousands of pilgrims paid their final respects to Pope John Paul II after his body was carried on a crimson platform to St. Peter's Basilica.
    (AP, 4/4/06)

2005        Apr 5, The US State Dept. toughened passport rules and announced that Americans returning from Canada, Mexico and elsewhere would be required to show their passports in a program to be fully phased in by Dec 31, 2007.
    (WSJ, 4/6/05, p.D1)
2005        Apr 5, Zalmay Khalilzad, a former White House official who has served as US ambassador in his native Afghanistan, was named to take over the post in Iraq.
    (AP, 4/6/05)
2005        Apr 5, Crude futures prices fell as traders took profits from a recent run-up. The EU cut its economic growth forecast and OPEC began discussions on another output increase.
    (AP, 4/5/05)
2005        Apr 5, Peter Jennings (b.1938), Canada-born ABC News anchorman revealed, he had lung cancer. He died in August 2005.
    (AP, 4/5/06)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_Jennings)
2005        Apr 5, Saul Bellow (89), Nobel winning novelist, died in Brookline, Mass. His books included “The Dangling Man" (1944), “Herzog" (1964), and “Ravelstein" (2000). In 2015 Zachary Leader authored “The Life of Saul Bellow: To Fame and Fortune, 1915-1964."
    (SFC, 4/6/05, p.A1)(Econ, 4/16/05, p.76)(SSFC, 5/10/15, p.N1)
2005        Apr 5, Dale Messick (b.1906), creator of the Brenda Starr cartoon series, died. The strip began in 1940 in Long Island.
    (SFC, 4/8/05, p.B7)
2005        Apr 5, The IMF warned that the growing market for credit derivatives and other complex securities could suffer a rapid selloff if conditions turned negative.
    (WSJ, 4/6/05, p.A6)
2005        Apr 5, In Brazil authorities charged eight policemen with murder for the Mar 31 death-squad killings that left 30 people dead on the outskirts of Rio.
    (AP, 4/6/05)
2005        Apr 5, Amnesty International said China accounted for the majority of executions reported worldwide last year, but the true frequency of the death penalty is impossible to count because many death sentences are carried out secretly.
    (AP, 4/5/05)
2005        Apr 5, China's top industrial safety official said the number of deaths in China's accident-plagued coal mines surged by nearly 21% to 1,113 in the first three months of this year despite a national safety crackdown.
    (AP, 4/5/05)(WSJ, 4/6/05, p.A1)
2005        Apr 5, In Baghdad's southern Dora neighborhood, an abandoned taxi exploded on an expressway near a U.S. patrol, killing a US soldier and wounding four others. A US Marine was killed by an explosion in the sprawling, western province of Anbar.
    (AP, 4/5/05)
2005        Apr 5, Rebels opposed to a bus link joining parts of Kashmir controlled by rivals India and Pakistan set off bombs and fought gun battles with troops, two days before the service was due to start.
    (AP, 4/5/05)
2005        Apr 5, Guadalupe Garcia Escamilla (39), radio reporter, was wounded in the chest, abdomen, legs and arms during an attack in the Mexican border city of Nuevo Laredo, across from Laredo, Texas. She died from her wounds April 16.
    (AP, 4/17/05)
2005        Apr 5, Saudi police killed 2 more militants, bringing the total to 9, as security forces continued a tense standoff in ar-Rass. Among those killed were Moroccan Kareem Altohami al-Mojati and Saudi Saud Homood Obaid al-Otaibi, who were ranked 4 and 7 respectively on Saudi Arabia's list of 26 most wanted al-Qaida-linked terror suspects.
    (AP, 4/5/05)(SFC, 4/5/05, p.A3)
2005        Apr 5, Tens of thousands of Sudanese marched through the capital Khartoum against a UN resolution referring war crime suspects to the International Criminal Court.
    (AP, 4/5/05)
2005        Apr 5, The UN handed prosecutors from the International Criminal Court thousands of documents and a list of 51 people to be investigated for alleged war crimes in Sudan's conflict-wracked Darfur region.
    (AP, 4/6/05)(Econ, 4/9/05, p.38)

2005        Apr 6, A joint session of US Congress listened to Ukrainian Pres. Yushchenko as he called for an end to trade barriers and a new era in US-Ukraine relations.
    (SFC, 4/7/05, p.A8)
2005        Apr 6, Matthew Hale (33), an avowed white supremacist, was sentenced in Chicago to 40 years in prison for trying to have a federal judge killed in 2002.
    (SFC, 4/7/05, p.A3)
2005        Apr 6, Frank Conroy (69), novelist and director of the Iowa Writers’ Workshop, died in Iowa City.
    (WSJ, 5/18/05, p.D14)
2005        Apr 6, The World Bank warned that the global economic recovery has peaked and that the severity of the coming slowdown depended on how skittish foreign investors are about buying US-dollar denominated assets.
    (WSJ, 4/7/05, p.A2)
2005        Apr 6, In southeast Afghanistan a US military helicopter crashed in bad weather. 15 US service members and 3 American civilians were killed when their Chinook helicopter crashed.
    (AP, 4/7/05)
2005        Apr 6, A government official said China plans to build 40 nuclear power plants over the next 15 years, making them the main power source for its booming east coast.
    (AP, 4/7/05)
2005        Apr 6, The European Commission proposed a major boost in EU spending in the 2007-2013 period to create jobs, spur growth and fund programs to make the 25-nation European Union safer and healthier for its 455 million inhabitants.
    (AP, 4/6/05)
2005        Apr 6, Under pressure to stem a rising tide of textile imports from China, the European Union's executive unveiled guidelines for imposing curbs on a country which already has 20 percent of a $400 billion market.
    (AP, 4/6/05)
2005        Apr 6, Colombia's president met top Chinese leaders during a visit to boost trade, seek financing for an oil pipeline and to promote sales of Colombian coal to fuel China's booming economy.
    (AP, 4/6/05)
2005        Apr 6, Marxist rebels ambushed a Colombian military convoy on Wednesday, killing 17 soldiers, the latest in a spate of bloody attacks that have undermined government claims the rebels are being defeated.
    (AP, 4/6/05)
2005        Apr 6, In India police beat up hundreds of people protesting against the razing of their homes by the government in the country's financial hub, Bombay. Authorities flattened an estimated 90,000 shanties in the city early in January. The slum clearance drive has left more than 300,000 people homeless.
    (AP, 4/6/05)
2005        Apr 6, The Iraqi parliament chose Kurdish leader Jalal Talabani as the country's new interim president, reaching out to a long-repressed minority and bringing the country closer to its first democratically elected government in 50 years.
    (AP, 4/6/05)
2005        Apr 6, In Srinagar 2 suspected Islamic militants stormed a building housing passengers on the eve of a historic bus ride across the divided Himalayan territory of Kashmir, in an attack targeting the biggest India-Pakistan peace gesture in decades. Both attackers were killed and at least six people wounded, but all the bus passengers were safe.
    (AP, 4/6/05)
2005        Apr 6, Ivory Coast's warring factions agreed to end hostilities, start immediate disarmament and make plans for new elections.
    (AP, 4/6/05)(Econ, 4/16/05, p.39)
2005        Apr 6, Prince Rainier III (b.1923) of Monaco died at age 81, nearly a month after he was hospitalized with a lung infection. His fairy-tale marriage to Hollywood star Grace Kelly brought elegance and glamour to one of Europe's oldest dynasties.
    (AP, 4/6/05)(SFC, 4/6/05, p.A8)
2005        Apr 6, Pakistani police arrested some 40 faithful of the Muttahida Majlis Amal in Gujranwala as they protested a mixed sporting event. The MMA, a 6-party religious alliance, has demanded the ouster of Pres. Musharraf for being pro-West and secular.
    (Econ, 4/16/05, p.38)
2005        Apr 6, Security forces killed one of Saudi Arabia's most wanted Islamic militants. At least 14 militants were killed over the 4 straight days of shootouts with extremists in different parts of the kingdom.
    (AP, 4/6/05)(SFC, 4/6/05, p.A3)
2005        Apr 6, South Korea, faced with ballooning foreign-exchange reserves, announced plans to drive companies to invest excess dollars abroad rather than at home.
    (WSJ, 4/5/05, p.A15)
2005        Apr 6, Security forces stormed the headquarters of Sudan's main opposition party, arresting scores of its members and top officials, apparently because of celebrations marking an anti-government uprising nearly 20 years ago.
    (AP, 4/6/05)
2005        Apr 6, In Trinidad gunmen snatched Balram Maharaj (62), a US citizen, from a bar and held him for ransom. The body of the Vietnam War veteran were found in a forest in January 2006. 7 men were convicted in a US trial in 2009.
    (http://washingtondc.fbi.gov/dojpressrel/pressrel09/wfo041509.htm)(AP, 3/23/11)

2005        Apr 7, Pres. Bush met with Premier Berlusconi and Pres. Ciampi one day after viewing the pope’s body at the Vatican.
    (SFC, 4/7/05, p.A13)
2005        Apr 7, California state prosecutors charged Julie Lee, a top volunteer fund-raiser for former Sec. of State Kevin Shelley, with grand theft and other felonies. In 2008 Lee (62) was found guilty on 5 of 7 charges relating to Shelley’s 2002 campaign, All the charges related to a $500,000 grant for a SF Sunset District community center that was never built. In state court Lee pleaded guilty to 9 counts.
    (SFC, 4/8/05, p.A1)(SFC, 7/12/08, p.A1)(SFC, 7/17/08, p.B1)
2005        Apr 7, In Delaware police arrested Allison L. Norman (22) after he killed 2 people and wounded 4 others during a rampage.
    (SFC, 4/8/05, p.A3)
2005        Apr 7, Montana voted to ban smoking in all public places. Gov. Brian Schweitzer said he would sign the legislation.
    (SFC, 4/8/05, p.A3)
2005        Apr 7, Pfizer Inc. agreed to suspend sales and marketing of its arthritis drug Bextra at the request of US and EU drug regulators, who said the risks outweigh the drug's benefits.
    (AP, 4/7/05)(SFC, 4/8/05, p.A1)
2005        cApr 7, Riza Malaj (34), Albania's most wanted man, blew himself up while fishing with dynamite. He lost both hands, badly hurt his eyes and suffered serious wounds all over his body while trying to catch trout.
    (AP, 4/11/05)
2005        Apr 7, Australia’s PM John Howard and Malaysia’s Abdullah Ahmad Badawi announced plans to negotiate a free trade agreement but refused to concede ground on key differences regarding Canberra's role in the region.
    (AP, 4/7/05)
2005        Apr 7, A bomb blast rocked a Cairo bazaar popular with foreigners. An American tourist died the next day from wounds sustained in a bomb blast raising the death toll to three. Hassan Rafaat Ahmed Bashandi (17-18), was carrying almost 7 pounds of TNT in a leather bag filled with nails when it exploded prematurely.
    (AP, 4/8/05)(AP, 4/11/05)
2005        Apr 7, Ibrahim al-Jaafari, a Shiite, was named Iraq's interim prime minister; Kurdish leader Jalal Talabani was sworn in as interim president.
    (AP, 4/7/06)
2005        Apr 7, The Irish Republican Army said it will consider an appeal by Sinn Fein party chief Gerry Adams to renounce violence, a long-elusive goal in Northern Ireland peacemaking.
    (AP, 4/7/05)
2005        Apr 7, Mexico City's leftist mayor formally declared his intention to run for president next year even as Congress was to decide whether he should face criminal charges for allegedly disobeying a court order in a land-use case.
    (AP, 4/8/05)
2005        Apr 7, Passengers on historic bus trips between the Pakistani and Indian portions of Kashmir crossed a bridge spanning the de facto border, voyages both sides hope will lead to lasting peace on the subcontinent. Kashmiris walked across the “Peace Bridge," on the Line of Control between India and Pakistan.
    (AP, 4/7/05)(SFC, 4/8/05, p.A3)
2005        Apr 7, President Robert Mugabe of Zimbabwe defied a European Union travel ban and arrived in Rome to join world leaders attending Pope John Paul II's funeral. Italy has a pact with the Vatican in which it does not interfere with people transiting the country to see the pope.
    (AP, 4/7/05)

2005        Apr 8, In Washington DC Humayun A. Khan (47) of Islamabad, Pakistan, was indicted for supplying India and Pakistan with outlawed components for nuclear weapons and ballistic missile systems.
    (SFC, 4/9/05, p.A8)
2005        Apr 8, ChevronTexaco Corp. said it has awarded a $1.7 billion contract to build Nigeria's third natural gas-to-liquids plant to a consortium including Halliburton Co. subsidiary KBR.
    (AP, 4/8/05)
2005        Apr 8, Angola’s death toll from the Marburg virus, which has no effective treatment, rose to 181 with no signs of abating. Doctors without Borders urged the government to close the regional hospital at Uige to help contain the spread. Suspected cases have been identified in 7 provinces.
    (SFC, 4/9/05, p.A8)(SSFC, 4/10/05, p.A5)
2005        Apr 8, The Wiggles, 4 Australian performers, topped BRW Magazine's list of Australia's 50 richest performers in 2004 with an estimated gross income of $34.5 million, up from $10.7 million in the previous year.
    (AP, 4/8/05)
2005        Apr 8, The EU’s executive commission said it had recommended guidelines to member states to boost the market for low-cost, high-speed Internet access delivered over electricity power supply lines.
    (AP, 4/8/05)
2005        Apr 8, Kalman Ferenczfalvi (84), credited with saving the lives of some 2,000 Jews during the Holocaust, died in Hungary.
    (AP, 4/13/05)
2005        Apr 8, Indonesia's Pres. Yudhoyono was greeted in East Timor on a visit to bolster reconciliation between Jakarta and the territory it once occupied with brutal force.
    (AP, 4/8/05)
2005        Apr 8, In Iraq 4 children collecting trash were killed by a homemade bomb in Baghdad, and masked gunmen killed an Iraqi Army officer in a restaurant in the southern city of Basra.
    (AP, 4/8/05)
2005        Apr 8, Fadhil al-Shawky, a senior al-Sadr official who had arrived from Karbala to take part in a protest, was gunned down in the New Baghdad neighborhood.
    (AP, 4/9/05)
2005        Apr 8, The Gulmarg Gondola was inaugurated. The Jammu and Kashmir Cable Car Corporation (JKCCC) made the second phase of the Gulmarg Gondola operational taking it to the heights of the Afarwat peak.
    (SSFC, 2/26/06, p.E1)(www.natives.co.uk/news/2005/04/13indi.htm)
2005        Apr 8, Lawmakers stripped Mexico City's mayor of immunity from prosecution, clearing the way for criminal charges. The shaky legal case against Lopez Obrador alleges that in 2001, the city government failed for 11 months to obey a court order to vacate contested land that it had expropriated for the purpose of building a road.
    (AP, 4/8/05)
2005        Apr 8, Raul Gibb Guerrero, director of La Opinion of Poza Rica newspaper, was shot to death in an apparent ambush by drug hit men, the 2nd attack on Mexican journalists in a week.
    (AP, 4/9/05)
2005        Apr 8, Nepalese soldiers repelled a major rebel assault overnight on one of their bases in the country's mountainous northwest, killing at least 50 communist guerrillas during a battle that lasted more than 12 hours. Soldiers soon recovered more bodies of Maoists killed in the raid, taking the toll of rebels to 113 in the deadliest clash in the country in five months.
    (AP, 4/8/05)(AFP, 4/10/05)
2005        Apr 8, Former Salvadoran President Francisco Flores, the U.S. government's choice to lead the Washington-based Organization of American States, withdrew his candidacy. His withdrawal means that, for the first time in the 57-year history of the OAS, Washington's candidate will not win.
    (AP, 4/9/05)
2005        Apr 8, The World Food Program said food rations will be cut for more than one million Darfuris who have fled fighting to makeshift camps in the region because of a drastic shortage of funds.
    (Reuters, 4/8/05)
2005        Apr 8, In northern Zambia a truck packed with high school students skidded off a mountain road, killing at least 38 and seriously injuring 50.
    (AP, 4/9/05)
2005        Apr 8, World leaders joined pilgrims and prelates in St. Peter's Square for the funeral of Pope John Paul II.
    (AP, 4/8/06)

2005        Apr 9, Andrea Dworkin (58), feminist author, died in Washington.
    (AP, 4/9/06)
2005        Apr 9, The International Monetary Fund (IMF) forecast the Bangladesh economy would grow at a modest 5.2 percent in the 2004-2005 financial year despite floods and high oil and commodity prices.
    (AFP, 4/9/05)
2005        Apr 9, Chinese PM Wen Jiabao arrived in Bangalore on the last leg of a 4 nation South Asia tour for talks with Indian leaders expected to boost trade and narrow differences.
    (AFP, 4/9/05)
2005        Apr 9, Czech PM Stanislav Gross said he would resign and make way for a new coalition government because of a scandal surrounding the financing of his luxury apartment.
    (AP, 4/9/05)
2005        Apr 9, Prince Charles and Camilla Parker Bowles were married in a modest civil ceremony at the 17th century Guildhall, and the second marriage for each was blessed by the Church of England.
    (AP, 4/9/05)
2005        Apr 9, Haitian police shot and killed Remissainthe Ravix, a prominent rebel leader, who helped force former President Jean-Bertrand Aristide into exile last year.
    (AP, 4/10/05)
2005        Apr 9-2005 Apr 10, In India at least 58 Hindu pilgrims were drowned overnight during a ritual bathing when the gates of a dam several kilometers upriver were opened by officials unaware of the religious festival on the Narmada River in Madhya Pradesh state.
    (AP, 4/11/05)
2005        Apr 9, Tens of thousands of Shiites marked the anniversary of the fall of Baghdad with a protest against the American military presence at the square where Iraqis and U.S. troops toppled a statue of Saddam Hussein two years ago.
    (AP, 4/9/05)
2005        Apr 9, Militants in Iraq kidnapped Malik Mohammed Javed, a Pakistani diplomat, on his way to a mosque for prayers. The Omar bin Khattab group, a previously unknown group, claimed responsibility for the abduction.
    (AP, 4/10/05)
2005        Apr 9, Israeli border troops shot and killed 3 Palestinian youths in a southern Gaza Strip refugee camp in violence that ended weeks of calm.
    (AP, 4/9/05)(SSFC, 4/10/05, p.A5)
2005        Apr 9, In Nepal 2 Russian tourists were injured, two Nepali citizens were killed and 13 others wounded in separate bombings by Maoist rebels.
    (Reuters, 4/9/05)
2005        Apr 9, In South Africa the federal council of the New National Party, the successor to the National Party that led apartheid, overwhelmingly approved the party's dissolution at a meeting in Johannesburg. The National Party, which came to power in 1948, presided over 48 years of systematic and often brutal oppression of the country's black majority, who were denied the right to vote or to mix with whites.
    (AP, 4/9/05)
2005        Apr 9, A day after the funeral for Pope John Paul II, cardinals began an intense period of silence and prayer before their conclave to choose the next pope.
    (AP, 4/9/06)

2005        Apr 10, Tiger Woods won his fourth Masters with a spectacular finish of birdies and bogeys.
    (AP, 4/10/06)
2005        Apr 10, Steve Vaught (39) left his San Diego, Ca., home on a walking trip to New York in an effort to loose some of his 400 lbs. By July he was in Arizona and down to 350 lbs. A year later he was in Ohio with less than 400 miles to NYC. His weight was down to 292. He completed his walk at 178th and Broadway in New York City on May 9, 2006; he had lost approximately 100 lbs.
    (SFC, 7/9/05, p.A2)(www.thefatmanwalking.com)
2005        Apr 10, A blizzard hit eastern Colorado knocking out power and stranding travelers along highways and at the Denver airport.
    (SFC, 4/11/05, p.A3)
2005        Apr 10, In Indian Kashmir 2 civilians were killed and 20 others wounded when suspected Muslim rebels hurled a grenade in a crowded area.
    (Reuters, 4/10/05)
2005        Apr 10, In Iraq Pres. Talabani called for extending amnesty to insurgents, but excluded clemency for al Qaeda and other armed foreign groups.
    (SFC, 4/11/05, p.A3)
2005        Apr 10, Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon arrived in Texas to meet with President Bush.
    (AP, 4/10/06)
2005        Apr 10, Thousands of Israeli police encircled Jerusalem's Old City to keep Israeli ultranationalists out of a disputed holy site and prevent protests by jittery Muslim worshippers.
    (AP, 4/10/05)
2005        Apr 10, It was estimated that Maoist guerrillas controlled two-thirds of Nepal.
    (SSFC, 4/10/05, p.C6)
2005        Apr 10, Nepal agreed to immediately allow UN monitors into the country to help prevent human rights abuses.
    (AFP, 4/11/05)
2005        Apr 10, Colonel General Anatoly Trofimov, a former head of the FSB branch for Moscow and the Moscow region, was killed when the gunmen opened fire on his jeep in a northern residential area of Moscow.
    (http://tinyurl.com/4vn9s)
2005        Apr 10, Spanish police seized a cache of explosives in an operation against the armed Basque separatist group ETA one week before a Basque regional election.
    (AP, 4/10/05)

2005        Apr 11, During a meeting at his Texas ranch, President Bush told Israeli PM Ariel Sharon he could not allow further West Bank settlement growth and said Israeli and Palestinian doubts about each other were hampering peace prospects.
    (AP, 4/11/06)
2005        Apr 11, Chelsea Cooley, the reigning Miss North Carolina, was crowned Miss USA in the 54th annual pageant.
    (AP, 4/12/05)
2005        Apr 11, Officials said UC Berkeley will lead a 5-year, $19 million project, funded by the NSF, to prevent a hacker threat from decimating US computer networks.
    (SFC, 4/12/05, p.B1)(WSJ, 4/12/05, p.B3)
2005        Apr 11, Some 12,000 Wisconsin citizens took part in an advisory poll on shooting free-roaming domestic cats. 57% voted to allow shooting them. An advisory committee dropped the issue May 13 following an outcry from animal rights groups.
    (Econ, 4/16/05, p.27)(SFC, 5/14/05, p.A2)
2005        Apr 11, Andrea Dworkin (58), feminist writer, died in Washington DC. Her books included “Woman Hating" (1974).
    (SFC, 4/12/05, p.B4)
2005        Apr 11, Maurice Hilleman (85), US pioneer vaccine research scientist, died of cancer in New Jersey. He helped develop vaccines for mumps, measles, chicken pox and other childhood scourges.
    (SFC, 4/12/05, p.B5)(Econ, 4/23/05, p.83)
2005        Apr 11, In Afghanistan at least 12 suspected Taliban rebels were killed and two American soldiers wounded in a battle that began with a botched rebel attack.
    (AP, 4/12/05)
2005        Apr 11, In central Argentina a riot broke out in a crowded prison after a fight between rival gangs, killing 13 people.
    (AP, 4/13/05)
2005        Apr 11, In Bangladesh a nine-story building toppled when a boiler exploded, killing at least 30 people and trapping 200. The death toll soon rose to 57. Up to another 100 bodies remain under the mountain of bricks and concrete slabs.
    (AP, 4/12/05)(Reuters, 4/15/05)
2005        Apr 11, Britain imposed a year-long ban on delivering first-time visas to Nigerians aged 18 to 30, citing a backlog of applications, most of which are rejected.
    (AP, 4/11/05)
2005        Apr 11, China reported rioting in Dongyang after 2 older women were killed in a clash with police during a pollution protest.
    (WSJ, 4/12/05, p.A1)
2005        Apr 11, In Germany thousands of public sector workers staged warning strikes aimed at forcing German states to agree to a deal that would introduce performance-rated pay.
    (AP, 4/11/05)
2005        Apr 11, India and China agreed to form a strategic partnership to end a border dispute and boost trade in a deal marking a major shift in relations between the Asian giants.
    (AP, 4/11/05)
2005        Apr 11, Indonesia sentenced Aceh Gov. Abdullah Puteh to 10 years in prison plus a fine ($52,631) for padding the price of a helicopter, purchased with state funds in 2002, and keeping the extra money for himself.
    (WSJ, 4/12/05, p.A18)(Econ, 4/30/05, p.40)
2005        Apr 11, In Iraq  people were killed in Samarra when a bomb went off near a passing US convoy. Jeffrey Ake (47), a contract worker from LaPorte, Ind., was abducted in Iraq.
    (WSJ, 4/12/05, p.A1)(AP, 4/11/06)
2005        Apr 11, The Kyrgyz parliament accepted the resignation of ousted Pres. Askar Akayev.
    (AP, 4/11/05)

2005        Apr 12, President Bush visited soldiers at Fort Hood, Texas, marking the two-year anniversary of the end of Saddam Hussein's regime.
    (AP, 4/12/06)
2005        Apr 12, Three men with suspected al-Qaida ties, already in British custody, were charged with a years-long plot to attack the New York Stock Exchange and other East Coast financial institutions.
    (AP, 4/12/06)
2005        Apr 12, The US Commerce Dept. said the US trade deficit, aggravated by surging imports of oil and textiles, soared to an all-time high of $61.04 billion in February.
    (AP, 4/12/05)
2005        Apr 12, Fifteen traders at the NY Stock Exchange were indicted for trading for their firms’ won accounts at the expense of customers.
    (WSJ, 4/13/05, p.C1)
2005        Apr 12, Wal-Mart said it will spend $35 million over 10 years to conserve land equal to the total US footprint of its stores and other facilities.
    (WSJ, 4/13/05, p.A1)
2005        Apr 12, China said it will soon begin “trial sales" of hitherto untraded stocks it holds in publicly traded companies.
    (WSJ, 4/13/05, p.C16)
2005        Apr 12, An EU feasibility study deemed Serbia and Montenegro worthy to start accession talks.
    (Econ, 4/16/05, p.43)
2005        Apr 12, The Iraqi government said it captured Fadhil Ibrahim Mahmud Al-Mashadani, a former member of Saddam Hussein's regime who was believed to be funding the insurgency. Al-Mashadani was a high-ranking member of Saddam's Baath Party and was "among the main facilitators of many terrorist attacks. Militants ambushed a convoy carrying Iraq's deputy interior minister, killing a bodyguard and wounding the deputy's son and two other people.
    (AP, 4/12/05)
2005        Apr 12, Donors exceeded Sudan's aid requests by pledging $4.5 billion to help it recover from Africa's longest civil war amid criticism of Khartoum for failing to halt atrocities in Darfur.
    (Reuters, 4/12/05)
2005        Apr 12, Zimbabwe's main opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) lodged a first court challenge against results from March 31 polls it says were rigged.
    (Reuters, 4/12/05)

2005        Apr 13, Eric Rudolph pleaded guilty to carrying out the deadly bombing at the 1996 Atlanta Olympics and three other attacks in back-to-back court appearances in Birmingham, Ala., and Atlanta.
    (AP, 4/13/06)
2005        Apr 13, US Gymnast Paul Hamm received the 75th Sullivan Award as the nation's top amateur athlete.
    (AP, 4/13/06)
2005        Apr 13, National Geographic and IBM Corp. announced a project to collect DNA samples from people around the globe to trace the routes of human migration.
    (SFC, 4/13/05, p.A1)
2005        Apr 13, Johnie Johnson (b.1924), pianist who worked with Chuck Berry, died in St. Louis. Johnson had initially hired Berry as a replacement in his rhythm-and-blues trio.
    (SFC, 4/16/05, p.B4)
2005        Apr 13, Algerian Islamic militants killed five people, including three security force members, and injured eight others in attacks ahead of an expected general amnesty.
    (Reuters, 4/14/05)
2005        Apr 13, Australia’s Mining giant BHP Billiton said it had won a 71.5% rise in iron ore prices with a number of its steel customers.
    (AP, 4/13/05)
2005        Apr 13, Top border officials of India and Bangladesh meet in Dhaka to discuss thorny issues including New Delhi's plan to fence off the frontier and Dhaka's claim that India harbors Bangladeshi militants.
    (Reuters, 4/12/05)
2005        Apr 13, Britain and India agreed to more than double the number of flights between the two nations, opening up dozens of lucrative new routes for airlines.
    (AP, 4/13/05)
2005        Apr 13, In England Kamel Bourgass (31) of Algeria, captured in Jan 2003, was sentenced to 17 years in jail for planning attacks using ricin, cyanide and other poisons. He is already serving a life sentence for the murder of policeman Stephen Oake. 8 others arrested in the case were acquitted or not brought to trial.
    (AP, 4/14/05)(SFC, 4/14/05, p.A3)
2005        Apr 13, The European Parliament approved the entry of Bulgaria and Romania into the EU in 2007, but it said both countries still need to carry out necessary reforms.
    (AP, 4/13/05)
2005        Apr 13, Al-Jazeera showed video of Jeffrey Ake, who the US Embassy said appeared to be the American kidnapped earlier this week in Baghdad. A bomb exploded while being defused near a Kirkuk pipeline and 11 members of the Facilities Protection Service were killed. A suicide bomber killed 5 Iraqis when he drove his car into a US convoy down Baghdad’s airport road. 4 US contract workers were injured.
    (AP, 4/13/05)(SFC, 4/14/05, p.A3)
2005        Apr 13, Italian regulator Consob said it has approved a bid by Spanish bank Banco Bilbao Vizcaya Argentaria SA for Italy's Banca Nazionale del Lavoro, in what would become the euro zone's largest cross-border banking takeover.
    (AP, 4/14/05)
2005        Apr 13, Japan and India took a first step to a possible free trade deal with an agreement to spend a year looking at the effects of a pact on the two major Asian economies.
    (AFP, 4/14/05)
2005        Apr 13, Lebanon’s pro-Syrian premier quit for the 2nd time in 6 weeks.
    (WSJ, 4/14/05, p.A1)
2005        Apr 13, In Nepal businesses reopened and traffic resumed on major highways after an 11-day general strike called by communist rebels that crippled life across the kingdom. The student wing of Maoist rebels demanded all private schools shut down indefinitely.
    (AP, 4/13/05)
2005        Apr 13, Norway’s Statoil ASA announced oil exploration drilling from the offshore rig Eirik Raude has been shut down after its 3rd spill into ecologically fragile Arctic waters in just over two months.
    (AP, 4/13/05)
2005        Apr 13, The UN approved a global treaty aimed at preventing nuclear terrorism by making it a crime for would-be terrorists to possess or threaten to use nuclear material.
    (AP, 4/13/05)
2005        Apr 13, Zimbabwe state radio reported President Robert Mugabe's government has acquired six fighter jets "to deal with any challenges." The aircraft appeared to be the K-8 advanced jet trainer, a Chinese copy of the British Aerospace BAE "Hawk." Zimbabwe's opposition released a dossier to back claims that last month's elections were rigged to hand victory to President Robert Mugabe's ruling party.
    (AP, 4/13/05)
 
2005        Apr 14, Pres. Bush threw out the 1st pitch at RFK Stadium as the Nationals brought baseball back to the capital. Washington, DC, had last hosted a major-league game in September, 1971.
    (WSJ, 4/15/05, p.A1)
2005        Apr 14, The US House of Representatives voted 302-126 to pass legislation that will make it tougher for consumers to avoid repaying debt by filing for bankruptcy. It cleared the Senate last month and now goes to the White House. Pres. Bush has said he's eager to sign it.
    (AP, 4/14/05)
2005        Apr 14, The US indicted 3 businessmen in the UN oil-for-food inquiry for paying kickbacks to Iraq during Saddam Hussein rule.
    (WSJ, 4/15/05, p.A1)
2005        Apr 14, A US Federal Court ruled in favor of Neutraceutical Corp. and struck down the 2004 ban on supplements containing ephedra, a once-popular weight-loss aid.
    (SFC, 4/15/05, p.A6)
2005        Apr 14, The DJIA dropped 125.18 to close at 10,278.75, the worst close since Nov 3, 2004. Oil futures closed at $51.13. The US dollar strengthened against other currencies.
    (SFC, 4/15/05, p.C3)
2005        Apr 14, The Oregon Supreme Court nullified nearly 3,000 marriage licenses issued in 2004 to same-sex couples in Portland’s Multnomah County.
    (SFC, 4/15/05, p.A6)
2005        Apr 14, Amanda Vanstone, Australia’s immigration minister, said Australia would take in 140,000 immigrants in 2005-06, the biggest number for 35 years.
    (Econ, 4/30/05, p.40)
2005        Apr 14, Australian authorities seized some 5 million ecstasy tablets and arrested 4 men in what they said was the biggest ever haul of the party drug anywhere in the world.
    (AFP, 4/15/05)
2005        Apr 14, Canada cut its economic growth forecast as the Canadian dollar’s strength put a drag on exports. Canadian currency had risen 25% against the US dollar since 2003.
    (WSJ, 4/15/05, p.A8)
2005        Apr 14, Ethiopia police said authorities have seized more than 1,100 pounds of illegal ivory, stuffed animals and ostrich eggs that were destined for collectors abroad.
    (AP, 4/14/05)
2005        Apr 14, In Haiti a Filipino soldier was killed as U.N. forces pushed into a volatile slum controlled by heavily armed gangs loyal to deposed President Jean-Bertrand Aristide.
    (AP, 4/15/05)
2005        Apr 14, India and the United States signed an "Open Skies" aviation agreement allowing each other's carriers to operate as many flights as they want between the two countries.
    (AFP, 4/14/05)
2005        Apr 14, India freed 24 Pakistani prisoners in an apparent response to similar gestures by Islamabad ahead of President Pervez Musharraf's visit to New Delhi.
    (AP, 4/14/05)
2005        Apr 14, In Iraq 2 car bombs tore through a crowded street in front of the Interior Ministry in central Baghdad, killing 18 people and wounding three dozen others. Seven gunmen in northern Iraq fired on a police station just south of Kirkuk, killing 5 police officers and one civilian. A suicide bomber blew himself up near an Iraqi police checkpoint in Mahawil, 50 miles south of Baghdad, killing 4 policemen and wounding 6 others.
    (AP, 4/14/05)
2005        Apr 14, Israeli troops shot and killed a Palestinian militant in the West Bank.
    (AP, 4/14/05)
2005        Apr 14, In Mexico 3 would-be casino developers were killed outside a popular Monterrey restaurant. The murders delayed a congressional vote to amend a gambling ban and sparked calls for stricter controls on the few places Mexicans are allowed to place bets.
    (AP, 5/1/05)
2005        Apr 14, Nepal’s King Gyanendra said he was ordering municipal polls to be held by mid-April 2006 in view of an "improving law and order situation" since he seized power. Opposition parties dismissed the king's pledge as a sham and have urged a boycott of the municipal polls.
    (AP, 4/15/05)
2005        Apr 14, Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas on ordered reforms of his security services, a key Israeli and U.S. condition for renewing peace negotiations.
    (AP, 4/14/05)
2005        Apr 14, It was reported that the bird flu virus was found in some 70% of a random sample of ducks and geese in Vietnam’s southern Mekong Delta, and in 21% of sampled chickens.
    (WSJ, 4/14/05, p.A14)

2005        Apr 15, The DJIA dropped 191 to close at 10,087, the worst close since May 19, 2003.
    (SFC, 4/16/05, p.A1)
2005        Apr 15, It was reported that paleontologists have identified a new dinosaur species, an early relative of Tyrannosaurus rex that probably roamed what is now the Southeastern US about 77 million years ago. The scientists made the identification from hundreds of fossilized fragments collected mostly in Montgomery County, Ala., and southwestern Georgia. They named the new dinosaur Appalachiosaurus montgomeriensis, which means "the Appalachian lizard from Montgomery County." The 25-foot-long creature roamed the earth 10 million years before T. rex and was smaller and more primitive, with a narrower snout.
    (AP, 4/16/05)
2005        Apr 15, Belize Telecommunications Limited (BTL) suffered an apparent act of sabotage which left the entire country without any phone, Internet or fax services. Unfortunately, BTL was unable to restore its services for the entire weekend, leaving Belize completely stranded.
    (www.sanpedrosun.net/old/05-161.html)(Econ, 4/30/05, p.34)
2005        Apr 15, Administrators for Britain’s MG Rover Group said they intend to break up the company, laying off 5,000 workers, in a bid to find buyers for different units after the Shanghai Automotive Industry Corp. made clear it was not interested in a joint venture.
    (AP, 4/15/05)
2005        Apr 15, Ecuador’s Pres. Lucio Gutierrez declared a state of emergency in Quito and dissolved the Supreme Court, saying the unpopular judges were the cause of three days of pot-banging street protests.
    (AP, 4/16/05)
2005        Apr 15, In France a fire swept through a Paris hotel used by the city to house needy African families. 24 people were killed, half of them children.
    (AP, 4/16/05)(AP, 4/15/06)
2005        Apr 15, Sunni militants seized a 35-50 Shiite hostages in the central Iraqi town of Madain and threatened to kill them unless all Shiites leave.
    (AP, 4/16/05)
2005        Apr 15, Italy’s government teetered near collapse after 2 coalition parties said they would withdraw from PM Berlusconi’s government.
    (SFC, 4/16/05, p.A7)
2005        Apr 15, Communist rebels in southern Nepal dragged at least 10 males from their homes, including a 14-year-old boy, and gunned them down for refusing to take up arms with the guerrilla movement.
    (AP, 4/17/05)
2005        Apr 15, Police in Peru seized more than a ton of cocaine destined for the US as it was being packed into a shipment of canned fish at the Colra Fish Factory in Tacna.
    (AP, 4/17/05)
2005        Apr 15, Peruvian authorities said 3 poachers have been charged with killing 7 people during a five-year crime spree in which they allegedly slaughtered 2,500 vicuna, a protected Andean animal prized for its wool.
    (AP, 4/15/05)
2005        Apr 15, A Russian Soyuz-FG rocket lifted off at Baikonur, Kazakhstan, carrying 3 men to the int’l. space station.
    (SFC, 4/15/05, p.A3)
2005        Apr 15, In Sri Lanka at least five renegade Tamil Tiger rebels were killed in a fresh bout of violence in the restive northeast.
    (Reuters, 4/15/05)
2005        Apr 15, Turkish troops backed by attack helicopters killed 21 Kurdish rebels near the Iraqi border overnight in the biggest clash since the rebels declared a unilateral truce more than five years ago. 3 Turkish soldiers and a village guardsman also were killed in the clash 25 miles from the Iraq border between the town of Pervari in Siirt province and Eruh in Sirnak province.
    (AP, 4/15/05)

2005        Apr 16, Authorities in Hillsborough County, Fla., found the body of missing 13-year-old Sarah Michelle Lunde. A suspect, David Lee Onstott, was charged with her murder on April 17.
    (AP, 4/16/06)(SSFC, 4/17/05, p.A13)
2005        Apr 16, It was reported that Laszlo Kish and Maria King of Texas A&M had devised a new technique for identifying small quantities of bacteria in minutes using a combination of virology and microelectronics.
    (Econ, 4/16/05, p.70)
2005        Apr 16, A Bangladesh court sentenced 22 people to death and six others to life in jail for killing an opposition lawmaker on May 7, 2004. 18 of the accused were tried and sentenced in absentia.
    (Reuters, 4/16/05)
2005        Apr 16, The Brazilian government created "Raposa Serra do Sol" reserve in Roraima state, which borders Venezuela and Guyana. The 1.7-million-hectare (4.2-million-acre) reserve was set aside for the 15,000 people of the Macuxi, Taurepang, Wapixana and Ingariko indigenous populations that had demanded the territory for 30 years.
    (AFP, 4/17/05)
2005        Apr 16, Kay Walsh (b.1911), Actress and filmstar died in London.
    (AP, 4/16/06)(www.leninimports.com/kay_walsh.html)
2005        Apr 16, Protesters in Shanghai threw stones and broke windows at Japan's consulate and Japanese restaurants as tens of thousands of people defied government warnings and staged demonstrations against Tokyo's bid for a permanent UN Security Council seat.
    (AP, 4/16/05)
2005        Apr 16, Ecuador’s Pres. Lucio Gutierrez revoked the one-day-old state of emergency as thousands of people took to Quito's streets in defiance of the ban on demonstrations.
    (AP, 4/17/05)
2005        Apr 16, A Finnish mediator said Aceh rebels and Indonesian government delegates have made a "breakthrough" at peace talks on the tsunami-ravaged province, and will continue negotiations in Finland May 26-31.
    (AP, 4/16/05)
2005        Apr 16, Indian troops shot dead 7 Muslim rebels, including 2 commanders of Kashmir's main rebel group as Pakistani Pres. Pervez Musharraf visited India for the first time in 4 years.
    (AP, 4/16/05)
2005        Apr 16, Bombings around Iraq killed 24 people. 11 detainees upset about their treatment by US captors escaped from the military's largest detention center in Iraq by climbing through a hole in the fence. Armed militants tried to force their way into Camp Blue Diamond near Ramadi and some suffered casualties.
    (AP, 4/16/05)(AP, 4/17/05)
2005        Apr 16, Marla Ruzicka (28), California-based founder of CIVIC (Campaign for Innocent Victims of Conflict), died in a car bombing in Iraq, where she had been on and off since the March 2003 invasion began, conducting door-to-door surveys to determine the number of civilian casualties.
    (AP, 4/18/05)(SFC, 4/18/05, p.A1)
2005        Apr 16, Lebanon's president Emile Lahoud named moderate pro-Syrian lawmaker Najib Mikati (49) as prime minister.
    (AP, 4/16/05)
2005        Apr 16, Pakistan's Pres. Gen. Pervez Musharraf arrived in India to discuss the Kashmir dispute in an effort to ease five decades of hostility.
    (AP, 4/16/05)
2005        Apr 16, Pakistani authorities seized nearly two tons of morphine worth millions of dollars from a remote southwestern village near the Afghan border.
    (AP, 4/17/05)
2005        Apr 16, Caribbean leaders in Trinidad inaugurated a court that will serve as the highest judicial body for much of the region, a step toward shedding their 170-year-old dependence on Britain's Privy Council that many have resented as a vestige of colonialism.
    (AP, 4/16/05)(Econ, 4/16/05, p.34)
2005        Apr 16, Cardinals meeting at the Vatican destroyed the late Pope John Paul II's ring and lead seal to formally end his reign.
    (AP, 4/16/06)
2005        Apr 16, Yemen's PM Bajammal said underground religious schools that promote extremist forms of Islam are drawing in many young students across the country. He promised to eliminate the underground schools, which he estimated numbered about 4,000 and drew about 330,000 students.
    (AP, 4/16/05)

2005        Apr 17, In Washington concern that rising oil prices could harm the global economy dominated weekend meetings of world finance ministers (G-7) and central bankers.
    (AP, 4/17/05)
2005        Apr 17, Registered sex offender David Lee Onstott was charged with first-degree murder in the death of Sarah Michelle Lunde, the 13-year-old Florida girl whose body had been found the day before.
    (AP, 4/17/06)
2005        Apr 17, In Colombia FARC rebels with homemade rockets attacked Toribio, the same town they bombarded three days earlier, killing at least one police officer.
    (AP, 4/18/05)
2005        Apr 17, Millions of Cubans elected municipal assemblies across the communist-run island Sunday in local elections Pres. Castro defended as "the most democratic in the world."
    (AP, 4/17/05)
2005        Apr 17, Mehmet Ali Talat (53) captured 56% of the vote for the presidency of the breakaway Turkish Cypriot state, replacing its 81-year-old founder, Rauf Denktash. Talat pledged to work to reunite this divided Mediterranean island and restart peace talks with Greek Cypriots following a resounding win he labeled "a silent revolution."
    (AP, 4/18/05)
2005        Apr 17, Egypt's President Hosni Mubarak and Ethiopian PM Meles Zenawi discussed joint projects to allow their respective countries to benefit from the waters of the Nile River.
    (AFP, 4/17/05)
2005        Apr 17, Egypt's Interior Ministry identified 4 men it accused of training a bomber who killed three tourists and himself in a Cairo bazaar.
    (AP, 4/17/05)
2005        Apr 17, The leaders of India and Pakistan agreed to work to roll back their military deployments on a Himalayan glacier that is claimed by both countries and believed to be the world's highest battlefield, concluding the first day of talks intended to push forward a 15-month-old peace process.
    (AP, 4/17/05)
2005        Apr 17, In Indonesia authorities arrested 9 young Australians, the Bali Nine, for trying to smuggle 8.3 kg of heroin to Australia. In Feb, 2006, 2 of the 9 were sentenced to death and the rest to life in prison. An appeal by 4 sentenced to prison led to a change in their sentences to death. In 2008 three of the convicted Australians had their death sentences reduced to life imprisonment. In 2011 Australian drug smuggler Scott Rush (24) won an appeal reducing his death sentence to life imprisonment.
    (Econ, 9/16/06, p.52)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bali_Nine)(AFP, 3/6/08)(AP, 5/10/11)
2005        Apr 17, Iraqi security forces raided a town in central Iraq where Sunni militants were holding dozens of Shiite Muslims hostage and threatening to kill them. 3 American soldiers were killed and 7 service members wounded overnight when insurgents fired mortar rounds at a US Marine base near Ramadi.
    (AP, 4/17/05)
2005        Apr 17, Israel's Cabinet unanimously approved the release of nine Jordanian prisoners.
    (AP, 4/17/05)
2005        Apr 17, Israeli defense industry executives said the US has frozen Israel out of the development of a prestigious jet fighter as punishment for its military cooperation with China.
    (AP, 4/17/05)
2005        Apr 17, Armed Palestinian militants shut down a government building in the West Bank and threatened to kill members of the Palestinian parliament, demanding the Palestinian Authority provide jobs to former prisoners and to relatives of people killed in fighting.
    (AP, 4/17/05)
2005        Apr 17, In northern Spain the Basque region's ruling nationalists faced a test of their drive to secure more autonomy as elections got under way. The Basque Nationalist Party (PNV), led by Juan Jose Ibarretxe, lost 4 seats.
    (AP, 4/17/05)(Econ, 4/23/05, p.51)
2005        Apr 17, A Swiss tourist bus carrying 27 people plunged into an Alpine ravine near the Great St. Bernard Pass, and at least 100 rescuers descended to the wreck on ropes to try to aid the injured. 12 people were killed.
    (AP, 4/17/05)(AP, 4/17/06)

2005        Apr 18, The Boston Marathon was won by Hailu Negusie of Ethiopia, 2:11:45; Catherine Ndereba of Kenya became the first woman to win a fourth Boston Marathon with a time of 2:25:13.
    (WSJ, 4/19/05, p.A1)(AP, 4/18/06)
2005        Apr 18, Lance Armstrong announced he was retiring after the upcoming Tour de France.
    (AP, 4/18/06)
2005        Apr 18, The annual Goldman Environmental Prizes were awarded in San Francisco. Recipients included Isidro Baldenegro of Mexico (forest protection), Rev. Jose Andres Tamayo Cortes of Honduras (unregulated logging), Kaisha Atakhanova of Kazakhstan (fighting the import of nuclear waste), Corneille E.N. Ewango of Congo (animal and plant protection), Stephanie Daniel Roth of Romania (for fighting an open-cast gold mine), and Chavannes Jean-Baptiste of Haiti (for teaching sustainable agriculture).
    (SFC, 4/18/05, p.B2)
2005        Apr 18, Adobe Systems announced a $3.1 billion all stock merger with Macromedia.
    (SFC, 4/19/05, p.A1)
2005        Apr 18, Australia and China agreed to start talks on a free trade pact. Visiting PM John Howard also announcing Canberra's recognition of China as free market economy.
    (AP, 4/18/05)
2005        Apr 18, The UN Security Council voted unanimously to widen the arms embargo in Congo as part of stepped-up efforts to bring peace to the African country's volatile east.
    (AP, 4/18/05)
2005        Apr 18, In Ecuador anti-government protests spread from Quito as a river of demonstrators poured into the streets of Guayaquil to demand that President Lucio Gutierrez step down.
    (AP, 4/18/05)
2005        Apr 18, India and Pakistan agreed to open up the militarized frontier dividing Kashmir, capping a landmark visit to New Delhi by President Pervez Musharraf.
    (Reuters, 4/18/05)
2005        Apr 18, Iran suspended the nationwide operations of Arab TV broadcaster Al-Jazeera, accusing it of inflaming violent protests by the Arab minority in its southwest.
    (AP, 4/18/05)
2005        Apr 18, Iraqi security forces, backed by U.S. military, swept into Madain, a town south of Baghdad, but found no hostages despite reports that Sunni militants had kidnapped as many as 100 Shiites there.
    (AP, 4/18/05)
2005        Apr 18, Italy's Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi agreed a deal with rebel ministers of the Christian Democrat UDC party to form a new centre-right government and avoid snap elections.
    (AFP, 4/18/05)
2005        Apr 18, Lebanese lawmaker Bassel Fleihan (41), a former economy minister, died of wounds received 2 months ago in a bombing that killed his close friend, former PM Rafik Hariri.
    (AP, 4/18/05)
2005        Apr 18, Madagascar’s Pres. Ravalomanana signed a $110 million, 4-year aid package in Washington, designed to fix problems with corruption and local bank loans. The grant was from the Millennium Challenge Account, unveiled by Pres. Bush in 2002 to fund honest governments pursuing sound economic policies
    (WSJ, 4/18/05, p.A1)(Econ, 4/23/05, p.75)

2005        Apr 19, The US government sacked its one-size-fits-all food pyramid in favor of a dozen different guides geared to individual nutritional needs and lifestyles.
    (AP, 4/19/05)
2005        Apr 19, The US Mint said it will produce its 1st 24-karat gold coin in 2006.
    (WSJ, 4/20/05, p.D2)
2005        Apr 19, General Motors reported a loss of $1.1 billion for the 3 months ending in March, its worst quarterly performance since 1992.
    (Econ, 4/23/05, p.71)
2005        Apr 19, US forces killed more than 12 insurgents in a clash in southeastern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 4/21/05)
2005        Apr 19, Britain's GW Pharmaceuticals announced its multiple sclerosis (MS) pain relief drug Sativex, the world's first containing cannabis, has been approved for use in Canada.
    (AP, 4/19/05)
2005        Apr 19, Canada released a federal policy statement that said it will use more soldiers, more foreign aid and more diplomats to carve its own niche in a fast-changing world.
    (AP, 4/19/05)
2005        Apr 19, A car exploded in the southern Russian region of Dagestan, killing two people in what investigators believe was a botched attempt to kill a local prosecutor.
    (AP, 4/19/05)
2005        Apr 19, Hours after Ecuador's embattled President Lucio Gutierrez said he would not resign, at least 30,000 people tried to march to the presidential palace in the capital's largest demonstration yet against the country's leadership, demanding that Gutierrez resign.
    (AP, 4/20/05)
2005        Apr 19, Ethiopians welcomed the return of the first piece of a giant, 1,700-year-old granite obelisk that was looted from the African country 68 years ago by Italian troops.
    (AP, 4/19/05)
2005        Apr 19, India and its eastern neighbor Bangladesh traded blame over a weekend border clash that killed an Indian military officer and two Bangladeshi villagers.
    (AP, 4/19/05)
2005        Apr 19, A suicide car bomb outside an Iraqi army recruitment center and other attacks killed a dozen people and wounded more than 50.
    (AP, 4/19/05)
2005        Apr 19, In Kuwait lawmakers agreed to permit women to vote and run in local council elections, although the measure requires more legislative action before it becomes law.
    (AP, 4/19/05)
2005        Apr 19, Nepali soldiers killed 22 Maoist guerrillas as the royalist government brushed aside a rebel prediction of a victory in the nine-year civil war.
    (AP, 4/19/05)
2005        Apr 19, Dutch authorities arrested a Chechen citizen in the Netherlands in connection with the November 2 slaying of Dutch filmmaker Theo van Gogh. A 2nd suspect was arrested May 18 in Tours, France. Both were believed to have ties to a group of Islamic fundamentalists which prosecutors dubbed the Hofstad network.
    (AP, 5/27/05)
2005        Apr 19, A Spanish court convicted Adolfo Scilingo (58), a former Argentine naval officer, of crimes against humanity for throwing 30 naked and drugged prisoners from planes during his country's "dirty war" more than two decades ago. It sentenced him to 640 years in prison. During the trial, Scilingo insisted he fabricated the taped testimony to trigger an investigation into Argentina's "dirty war."
    (AP, 4/19/05)
2005        Apr 19, Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger (78) of Germany became Pope Benedict XVI. As the 265th pope he promised to enforce strictly conservative policies for the world's Roman Catholics. In Germany Ratzinger's latest book, "Werte in Zeiten des Umbruchs" (Values in Times of Upheaval), was already sold out after its release a week ago. Ratzinger viewed secularism and moral relativism as the chief adversaries of God and the church. After Ratzinger was elected pope, the Holy See's No. 2 official, Cardinal Angelo Sodano, signed a decree assigning "in perpetuity and worldwide" the copyrights of all Benedict's works, including the hundreds he wrote before becoming pope, to the Vatican's publishing house, Libreria Editrice Vaticana (LEV).
    (AP, 4/19/05)(WSJ, 4/20/05, p.A1)(AP, 2/19/06)

2005        Apr 20, Pres. Bush signed new legislation to make individual bankruptcy more difficult.
    (SFC, 4/21/05, p.A3)
2005        Apr 20, The US government said consumer prices jumped 0.6 percent in March, the biggest inflation surge in 5 months, as the costs of energy, clothing and airline fares all rose sharply. The DJIA fell 115.5 to 10,012.36.
    (AP, 4/20/05)(SFC, 4/21/05, p.C1)
2005        Apr 20, The NYSE, in a move toward computerized trading, agreed to buy Archipelago Holdings of Chicago in a reverse merger. The new company, to be called NYSE Group was valued at $3.5 billion.
    (WSJ, 4/21/05, p.A1)
2005        Apr 20, Gov. Jodi Rell signed legislation making Connecticut the 2nd state after Vermont to offer civil unions to gay couples.
    (SFC, 4/21/05, p.A3)
2005        Apr 20, An air tanker Lockheed P-3 Orion crashed in California’s Lassen National Forest killing 3 crew members.
    (SFC, 4/22/05, p.B3)
2005        Apr 20, In Afghanistan 2 former Taliban leaders joined a reconciliation drive that American commanders hope will undermine a three-year-old insurgency.
    (AP, 4/21/05)
2005        Apr 20, Ecuador’s 100-member Congress voted 60 to 0 to remove President Lucio Gutierrez from office amid street protests calling for his ouster for abuse of power and misrule. Brazil granted asylum to Gutierrez. Alfredo Palacio, a heart surgeon and Ecuador's vice president, assumed the presidency.
    (SFC, 4/21/05, p.A3)(Econ, 4/23/05, p.37)
2005        Apr 20, Pernod, French spirits producer, announced the $14 billion purchase of Britain’s Allied Domecq.
    (Econ, 4/23/05, p.62)
2005        Apr 20, Haiti's former national police commander agreed to plead guilty to two of eight counts in a federal indictment accusing him of smuggling drugs and laundering money.
    (AP, 4/21/05)
2005        Apr 20, Iraq’s President Jalal Talabani said the bodies of more than 50 people have been recovered from the Tigris River and have been identified. The bodies were believed to have been those of hostages seized in the Madain (Madaen) region earlier this month.
    (AP, 4/20/05)(Econ, 5/7/05, p.19)
2005        Apr 20, Italian Premier Silvio Berlusconi said he would step down but pledged to form a new government, an attempt to strengthen a coalition left weakened by electoral defeat and concerns over a slow economy.
    (AP, 4/20/05)
2005        Apr 20, Mexican prosecutors charged Mexico City's popular leftist mayor with abuse of authority in a case that could knock him out of the 2006 presidential race.
    (AP, 4/21/05)(WSJ, 4/21/05, p.A1)
2005        Apr 20, Oxfam reported that Vietnam’s Red River was at its lowest point for 100 years, and if the drought persisted beyond May then significant numbers of people will need food aid.
    (www.oxfam.org.uk/what_we_do/emergencies/country/eastasia/)
2005        Apr 20, In his first Mass as pontiff, Pope Benedict XVI pledged to work for unity among Christians and to seek an open and sincere dialogue'' with other faiths.
    (AP, 4/20/06)

2005        Apr 21, Army Sgt. Hasan Akbar was convicted by a military jury at Fort Bragg, N.C., of premeditated murder and attempted murder in an attack that killed two of his comrades and wounded 14 others in Kuwait.
    (AP, 4/21/06)
2005        Apr 21, Anna Ayala, the woman who claimed she found a finger in her bowl of Wendy's chili on Mar 22 in San Jose, Ca., was arrested at her home in Las Vegas.
    (AP, 4/22/05)(SFC, 4/22/05, p.A1)
2005        Apr 21, US and Afghan soldiers backed by warplanes and artillery battled suspected insurgents in clashes near the border with Pakistan. 4 fighters and 1 Afghan soldier were killed.
    (AP, 4/24/05)
2005        Apr 21, Police in Melbourne seized 18 million dollars (14 million US) worth of the party drug ecstasy a week after announcing a world-record haul of the substance.
    (AFP, 4/22/05)
2005        Apr 21, Canada’s PM Paul Martin apologized to the nation for a corruption scandal that has shaken his Liberal Party, delivering a rare televised address aimed at rescuing his minority government.
    (AP, 4/21/05)
2005        Apr 21, Tradeable shares on China’s 2 stock exchanges were reportedly worth $150 billion, about the same as Denmark’s stock exchange.
    (WSJ, 4/21/05, p.A1)
2005        Apr 21, In China a chemical plant blast in Chongqing left 19 people missing.
    (WSJ, 4/22/05, p.A1)
2005        Apr 21, Zhang Chunqiao (88), a member of The Gang of Four, died. Beginning around 1965 the Gang of Four were able to manipulate the Chinese media and youth to leverage their positions over party moderates, such as Deng Xiaoping. Mao’s death in 1976 ended their influence and led to their imprisonment and trial in 1980-81 for their role in the Cultural Revolution, during which some 34,800 people died.
    (SFC, 5/11/05, p.B7)(Econ, 5/21/05, p.90)
2005        Apr 21, Haiti's Supreme Court overturned the convictions of 38 army and paramilitary leaders who were sentenced for their roles in a mass slaying a decade ago. The men had been sentenced in 2000 in connection with a 1994 raid on the seaside shantytown of Raboteau.
    (AP, 5/10/05)
2005        Apr 21, It was reported that the US has quietly given thousands of guns to the Haitian National Police and was moving to approve the sale of thousands more despite a 14-year arms embargo and allegations the force is corrupt, brutal and responsible for unjustified killings.
    (AP, 4/21/05)
2005        Apr 21, In western India a passenger train departing from a pilgrimage site slammed into a parked cargo train, throwing cars off the tracks and killing at least 24 people.
    (AP, 4/21/05)
2005        Apr 21, A commercial helicopter contracted by the US Defense Department was shot down by missile fire north of Baghdad. 11 people aboard, including 6 American bodyguards, were killed. A roadside bomb exploded on the highway leading to Baghdad's airport morning, heavily damaging 3 SUVs carrying civilians. Police said 2 foreigners were killed and 3 others wounded.
    (WSJ, 4/22/05, p.A1)(AP, 4/21/06)
2005        Apr 21, Saudi authorities extended their limited experiment in democracy to the holiest cities of Islam with elections for some local council seats in Mecca and Medina, in the third and final round of the kingdom's first nationwide vote.
    (AP, 4/21/05)
2005        Apr 21, Islamic militants clashed with Saudi security forces in Islam's holiest city of Mecca and nearby Jiddah, killing two militants and two policemen.
    (AP, 4/21/05)
2005        Apr 21, In western Turkey a gas explosion caused a coal mine to collapse, killing at least 17 workers deep underground.
    (AP, 4/22/05)
2005        Apr 21, Health officials said a polio outbreak in Yemen may be due to pilgrims returning from Mecca.
    (AP, 4/22/05)
2005        Apr 21, In Vietnam 31 war veterans including 14 women and a driver were killed in a bus crash while en route to celebrate the 30th anniversary of the end of the Vietnam War.
    (AP, 4/21/05)(WSJ, 4/22/05, p.A1)
2005        Apr 21, In Zambia at least 51 people were killed in a blast at a Chinese-owned mining-explosives factory in Chambisi.
    (WSJ, 4/22/05, p.A1)(WSJ, 2/2/07, p.A1)

2005        Apr 22, President Bush named Gen. Peter Pace to be the new chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
    (AP, 4/22/06)
2005        Apr 22, Zacarias Moussaoui pleaded guilty for participating in a 2001 broad conspiracy by al Qaeda to fly planes into American buildings.
    (SFC, 4/23/05, p.A1)
2005        Apr 22, The US Pension Benefit Guaranty Corp. agreed to take over the underfunded pension plans of United Airlines and assume some $6.6 billion in liabilities.
    (SFC, 4/23/05, p.C1)
2005        Apr 22, The Nasdaq Stock Market said it will buy Instinet Group’s electronic trading network for $934.5 million.
    (SFC, 4/23/05, p.C1)
2005        Apr 22, Daron Acemoglu (37) of MIT, Turkish-born economist, won the John Bates Clark medal for his work on key factors in a nation’s economic destiny.
    (WSJ, 4/25/05, p.A1)
2005        Apr 22, Elwood Norris, inventor of a HyperSonic Sound system, received the $500,000 annual Lemelson-MIT Prize. His system worked by sending a focused beam of sound above the range of human hearing. When it lands on you, it seems like sound is coming from inside your head.
    (AP, 4/22/05)
2005        Apr 22, Eduardo Paolozzi (b.1924), sculptor and printmaker, died. In 1952 he helped form an association of British artists called The Independent Group. Paolozzi, born in Scotland of Italian parents, became known as a key contributor to British pop art.
    (SSFC, 5/1/05, p.A23)(Econ, 4/30/05, p.82)
2005        Apr 22, In Colombia FARC guerrillas hit the village of Jambalo with mortars and gunfire in combat that began overnight and ended at dawn. Clashes have spread across a 14-mile-long strip along the western face of the Central Cordillera of the Andes.
    (AP, 4/23/05)
2005        Apr 22, Indian Foreign Minister Natwar Singh met Nepal's King Gyanendra on the fringes of an international summit in Jakarta and pushed for a restoration of democracy.
    (AFP, 4/22/05)
2005        Apr 22, A car bomb exploded during prayers at a Shiite mosque in Baghdad, killing eight people and wounding 20. A militant group claimed responsibility for shooting down a Russian-made helicopter carrying 11 civilians and released a video purportedly showing insurgents shooting the crash's lone survivor.
    (AP, 4/22/05)
2005        Apr 22, Al Jazeera television reported  that insurgents gave Romania 4 days to withdraw its troops from Iraq in order to save the lives of 3 journalists kidnapped last month.
    (Reuters, 4/22/05)
2005        Apr 22, Japan's PM Koizumi apologized for his country's World War II aggression in Asia in a bid to defuse tensions with regional rival China, but a Chinese diplomat dismissed the remarks, saying "actions are more important" than words.
    (AP, 4/22/05)
2005        Apr 22, The US Embassy in Caracas announced that President Hugo Chavez's government has unexpectedly ended a military exchange program with US.
    (AP, 4/22/05)

2005         Apr 23, The first YouTube video was uploaded. The 18 second clip showed founder Jawed Karim visiting a zoo. In December Steve Chen, Chad Hurley and Jawed Karim officially launched YouTube, an Internet based site for sharing video clips. The three founders knew each other from working together at another Internet start up, PayPal. The domain name YouTube.com was registered on Valentine's Day in 2005.
    (http://tinyurl.com/7tk55mq)(Econ, 4/29/06, p.68)(WSJ, 10/13/06, p.A12)(Econ, 5/3/14, p.58)
2005        Apr 23, Larry Lasater (35), Pittsburg, Ca., police officer, was shot while chasing 2 robbery suspects. Doctors declared him brain dead the next day. In 2007 Alexander Hamilton (20) and Andrew Moffett (20) were convicted of murder and robbery and a jury said Hamilton should be executed. Moffett was 17 at the time and not eligible for the death penalty. In 2007 Hamilton was sentenced to death by lethal injection. In 2008 Moffet was sentenced to life in prison.
    (SFC, 4/26/05, p.B1)(SFC, 8/14/07, p.B3)(SFC, 9/13/07, p.B3)(SFC, 7/25/08, p.B9)
2005        Apr 23, Two Bangladeshi farmers were shot dead by Indian border forces in the latest in a spate of frontier clashes.
    (AP, 4/23/05)
2005        Apr 23, British actor Sir John Mills (97) died at his home in Denham. His over 100 films included “Great Expectations" (1946) and  “Ryan’s Daughter" (1970).
    (SSFC, 4/24/05, p.A2)
2005        Apr 23, The government of the Turkish Cypriot state in northern Cyprus resigned, making way for PM Mehmet Ali Talat to take over as president following his election win.
    (AP, 4/23/05)
2005        Apr 23, The leaders of China and Japan met in an effort to end a dispute over Japan's World War II aggression that has badly damaged relations between them. They met on the sidelines of a summit for Asian and African leaders in Jakarta.
    (AP, 4/23/05)
2005        Apr 23, Indian troops killed four Islamic rebel infiltrators who sneaked across the heavily fortified frontier dividing Indian and Pakistan held Kashmir.
    (AP, 4/23/05)
2005        Apr 23, In Indonesia leaders from Asia and Africa struck what they called a historic deal to build economic and political links.
    (Reuters, 4/23/05)
2005        Apr 23, Iraqi insurgents struck across the country with bomb attacks, killing at least 16 people, including an American soldier. US forces captured six men suspected in the downing of a civilian helicopter and the shooting death of the lone survivor.
    (AP, 4/23/05)
2005        Apr 23, A television cameraman working for The Associated Press was killed when gunfire broke out after an explosion in the northern city of Mosul. An AP photographer was wounded in the same incident.
    (AP, 4/23/05)
2005        Apr 23, Silvio Berlusconi formed a new government and will present his choice of Cabinet ministers to Italy's legislators for approval in the hopes of avoiding new elections. Berlusconi was sworn in as head of Italy's 60th government since the end of World War II.
    (AP, 4/23/06)
2005        Apr 23, Leaders of the two Koreas agreed to resume talks between their nations that broke down last summer and to discuss the international standoff over the North's nuclear weapons ambitions.
    (AP, 4/23/05)
2005        Apr 23, In western Nepal 5 children were killed and three others wounded when a crude bomb left by suspected Maoist rebels exploded.
    (Reuters, 4/24/05)
2005        Apr 23, President Hugo Chavez says "Don Quixote" is a must-read for Venezuelans — and his government has printed 1 million free copies to mark the 400th anniversary of the classic tale of the knight who dared to dream.
    (AP, 4/23/05)

2005        Apr 24, An unusual spring storm dumped nearly 2 feet of wet snow on parts of the Midwest and Appalachians, covering newly sprouting plants, snapping power lines and taking a bite out of baseball. 80,000 in the Cleveland area lost their electricity.
    (AP, 4/25/05)(WSJ, 4/25/05, p.A1)
2005        Apr 24, In China a 108-meter statue of Guanyin, an East Asian deity of mercy, was enshrined after six years of construction on the south coast of the island province Hainan near the Nanshan Temple of Sanya.
    (Econ, 6/27/15, p.36)
2005        Apr 24, In northeast China rescuers worked to free 69 coal miners trapped in a flooded mine at the Tengda Coal Mine, run by the local government in Jiaohe, a city in Jilin province.
    (AP, 4/24/05)
2005        Apr 24, Some 82 people died in floods that swept eastern Ethiopia on the weekend.
    (AP, 4/27/05)
2005        Apr 24, In Indonesia representatives of more than 100 African and Asian countries closed out a summit (b.1955) with promises to boost economic relations and counter the threat of globalization.
    (AP, 4/24/05)
2005        Apr 24, A car bomb exploded outside a police academy in Tikrit, Saddam Hussein's hometown. Another one went off moments later as authorities rushed to the scene, killing at least six Iraqis and wounding 33. Deaths from car bombings targeting police and civilians in Tikrit and Baghdad rose to 29.
    (AP, 4/25/05)
2005        Apr 24, A US soldier was killed when a roadside bomb exploded as his convoy passed west of Baghdad.
    (AP, 4/26/05)
2005        Apr 24, Ezer Weizman (80), former Israeli president (1993-2000), died. He was a political moderate who pioneered contacts with Palestinian leaders and helped bring about the Jewish state's first peace treaty with an Arab country. As defense minister in 1979, he was instrumental in negotiating Israel's peace treaty with Egypt.
    (AP, 4/25/05)(Econ, 5/7/05, p.81)
2005        Apr 24, Syrian troops burned documents and dismantled military posts in their final hours in Lebanon, before deploying toward the border and effectively ending 29 years of military presence in the country.
    (AP, 4/24/05)
2005        Apr 24, In southern Thailand suspected Islamic separatists detonated a bomb, killing two police officers and wounding three other people.
    (AP, 4/24/05)
2005        Apr 24, Voters lined up across Togo to choose a new president, hoping to establish democracy after the tiny West African nation was thrown into months of political turmoil by the death of Africa's longest-serving ruler.
    (AP, 4/24/05)
2005        Apr 24, Pope Benedict XVI formally began his stewardship of the Roman Catholic Church; the former Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger said in his installation homily that as pontiff he would listen to the will of God in governing the world's 1.1 billion Catholics.
    (AP, 4/24/06)

2005        Apr 25, President Bush sought relief from record-high gas prices and support for Middle East peace as he opened his Texas ranch to Crown Prince Abdullah of Saudi Arabia.
    (AP, 4/25/05)
2005        Apr 25, The CIA's top weapons hunter in Iraq, Charles Duelfer, said his search for weapons of mass destruction had been "exhausted" without finding any.
    (AP, 4/25/06)
2005        Apr 25, Mayor Dick Murphy (62) of San Diego announced his resignation effective July 15 under the weight of mounting scandals and fiscal probes. San Diego faced a $50 million budget deficit and a $1.3 billion pension shortfall.
    (SFC, 4/26/05, p.A1)(WSJ, 4/26/05, p.A1)
2005        Apr 25, Bashir Noorzai (44), alleged Afghan heroin dealer, was arrested while traveling to NY.
    (SFC, 4/26/05, p.A3)
2005        Apr 25, In Chicago 11 reputed mob figures were indicted on charges of plotting at least 18 murders including the 1986 hit on Tony Spilotro.
    (SFC, 4/26/05, p.A5)
2005        Apr 25, It was reported that Didemnum, a species of sea squirt, were spreading unabated off New England and the Pacific Northwest to the detriment of valuable shellfish beds and habitat for bottom feeding fish.
    (SFC, 4/25/05, p.A6)
2005        Apr 25, A 3-man U.S.-Russian-Italian crew from the Int’l. Space Station landed in northern Kazakhstan.
    (SFC, 4/25/05, p.A3)(AP, 4/25/06)
2005        Apr 25, Alex Trotman (71), retired Ford Motor Co. Chairman (1993-1998), died at his home in England. He spearheaded a $5 billion restructuring to restore the automaker to profitability in the 1990s.
    (AP, 4/25/05)(Econ, 4/30/05, p.63)
2005        Apr 25, Jiri Paroubek (52) was officially named as the new Czech prime minister. Paroubek, local development minister in Gross's government and deputy chairman of the Social Democrats (CSSD), became the country's third prime minister in nine months.
    (AFP, 4/25/05)
2005        Apr 25, The 3rd and final piece of the Axum obelisk was returned to Ethiopia from Italy.
    (AP, 4/25/05)
2005        Apr 25, EU trade ministers backed a full investigation into allegations that cheap textiles and clothing from China were flooding the EU market, but disagreed on imposing fast action to block imports.
    (AP, 4/25/05)
2005        Apr 25, In San Pedro Sacatepequez, Guatemala, gunmen killed Jose Victor Bautista Orozco, a judge who ruled on drug smuggling cases, shooting him as he left his home for work.
    (AP, 4/26/05)
2005        Apr 25, Indian troops killed 6 Islamic militants in a mountainous Kashmir district bordering the Pakistani-zone of the divided state, while suspected rebels hanged to death a civilian.
    (AFP, 4/26/05)
2005        Apr 25, A packed commuter train that was behind schedule and may have been speeding jumped the tracks and hurtled into an apartment complex, killing 107 people and injuring 450 in Japan's worst rail accident in 40 years.
    (AP, 5/1/05)
2005        Apr 25, Pakistan said the start of a free trade agreement with Sri Lanka in June is expected to double business between the 2 countries to almost 300 million dollars in the first year.
    (AP, 4/25/05)

2005        Apr 26, US Congressional aides said global terrorist attacks rose to 650 in 2004 from 175 in 2003.
    (WSJ, 4/27/05, p.A1)
2005        Apr 26, A federal jury in Virginia convicted Islamic scholar Ali al-Timini of urging followers to join the Taliban and fight the US after the 9/11 attacks.
    (WSJ, 4/27/05, p.A1)
2005        Apr 26, Florida’s Gov. Bush signed legislation giving people the right to meet “force with force," effective Oct 1.
    (SFC, 4/27/05, p.A5)
2005        Apr 26, Clarence Williams (58), suspected of raping at least 25 women in 3 states, was arrested in NYC following DNA tests that linked him to a 1973 rape case.
    (SFC, 4/27/05, p.A3)
2005        Apr 26, A US soldier and four Afghan police officers were killed in separate rebel attacks, while at least two Afghan civilians were injured by gunfire following the bombing of an American patrol in the east of the country.
    (AP, 4/27/05)
2005        Apr 26, In Australia, a state official said thousands of wild camels will be shot in the Outback from helicopters in an effort to reduce their numbers.
    (AP, 4/26/05)
2005        Apr 26, Actress Maria Schell died in Preitenegg, Austria, at age 79.
    (AP, 4/26/06)
2005        Apr 26, In Bangladesh at least 17 people were killed and 33 injured when a bus hurtled down a bridge.
    (Reuters, 4/26/05)
2005        Apr 26, A bomb exploded at a busy market in Myanmar's key tourist city of Mandalay, killing at least two people and wounding 15 others.
    (AP, 4/28/05)
2005        Apr 26, In Nicaragua President Enrique Bolanos' attempt to address protesters demanding his resignation was met with a barrage of rocks, which missed him but injured his son.
    (AP, 4/27/05)
2005        Apr 26, Augusto Roa Bastos (88), one of South America's most celebrated novelists whose fictional writings often examined Paraguay's social and political struggles, died. Bastos was best known for his book "I, The Supreme," a novelized version of the career of Gaspar Rodriguez de Francia, who ruled Paraguay with an iron fist from 1814 until 1840.
    (AP, 4/26/05)
2005        Apr 26, President Vladimir Putin started the first visit to Egypt by a Russian head of state in more than 40 years, in an effort to reinforce Moscow's political and economic ties with the Arab world.
    (AFP, 4/26/05)
2005        Apr 26, Syria ended its 29-year military domination of Lebanon as soldiers flashing victory signs completed a withdrawal.
    (AP, 4/26/05)
2005        Apr 26, Lien Chan, the leader of Taiwan's opposition Nationalist Party, arrived in China on an 8-day trip for the first meeting between the party of Chaing Kai-shek and the communists since both sides split amid civil war nearly six decades ago.
    (AP, 4/26/05)
2005        Apr 26, Togo’s ballot results showed Faure Gnassingbe, the son of Togo's longtime dictator, won 60 percent of the vote. Opposition supporters upset by the results built flaming barricades in the capital and threw stones at passing cars.
    (AP, 4/26/05)
2005        Apr 26, UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan nominated former Turkish finance minister Kemal Dervis to lead the UN Development Program, breaking with a tradition of giving top UN posts to major contributor nations.
    (AP, 4/26/05)

2005        Apr 27, Touting technology as a way to solve the country's energy problems, President Bush called for construction of more nuclear power plants and urged Congress to give tax breaks for fuel-efficient hybrid and clean-diesel cars.
    (AP, 4/27/06)
2005        Apr 27, The Airbus A380, the world's largest jetliner, made its maiden flight.
    (AP, 4/27/06)
2005        Apr 27, Abdus Samad Azad (83), a former foreign minister and Bangladeshi independence hero, died in Dhaka.
    (AP, 4/29/05)
2005        Apr 27, The Dominican Republic education secretary said all public elementary and secondary schools will institute mandatory English classes by the next school year.
    (AP, 4/27/05)
2005        Apr 27, Hundreds of pro-democracy activists protested in 15 Egyptian cities and towns, drawing out large numbers of riot police who briefly detained 75 protesters.
    (AP, 4/27/05)
2005        Apr 27, The world's largest passenger plane, the Airbus A380, completed a maiden flight in France that took it over the Pyrenees mountains.
    (AP, 4/27/05)
2005        Apr 27, Police fired on protesters demanding the release of detainees loyal to Haiti's ousted president, killing at least five demonstrators.
    (AP, 4/27/05)
2005        Apr 27, Indian troops killed nine suspected Islamic militants in three separate clashes in Indian-controlled Kashmir.
    (AP, 4/27/05)
2005        Apr 27, Lamia Abed Khadouri al-Sagri, a member of the National Assembly and of outgoing premier Ayad Allawi's Iraqi List party, was killed in her house in the Hay Aour neighborhood in eastern Baghdad.
    (AP, 4/27/05)
2005        Apr 27, Vladimir Putin became the first Kremlin leader to visit Israel, capping a historic rapprochement between two nations that once faced each other as bitter enemies across the Cold War divide.
    (AP, 4/27/05)
2005        Apr 27, In northwestern Sri Lanka an intercity passenger train collided with a bus that tried to dash through a railroad crossing, killing 35 people.
    (AP, 4/27/05)
2005        Apr 27, A UN tribunal in Tanzania sentenced Mika Muhimana, a former local government official in western Rwanda, to imprisonment for the rest of his life for shooting to death and raping mostly Tutsi victims during the 1994 genocide.
    (AP, 4/28/05)
2005        Apr 27, Opposition supporters protesting the presidential election victory by the son of Togo's longtime dictator threw Molotov cocktails and rocks during street clashes with security forces in the capital, leaving at least six people dead and some foreign embassies damaged.
    (AP, 4/27/05)

2005        Apr 28, Pres. Bush endorsed changes to Social Security that would cut benefits for future middle-class and wealthy retirees, while raising retirement checks for the poor.
    (SFC, 4/29/05, p.A1)
2005        Apr 28, A military jury at Fort Bragg, N.C., sentenced Sgt. Hasan Akbar to death for the 2003 murders of two officers in Kuwait.
    (AP, 4/28/06)
2005        Apr 28, More than 100 volunteers joined police in Duluth, Ga., in searching for Jennifer Wilbanks, a bride-to-be who had vanished two days earlier. Wilbanks turned up in Albuquerque, N.M., having run away on her own.
    (AP, 4/28/06)
2005        Apr 28, Steve Wynn opened the new $2.7 billion Wynn Las Vegas casino-resort.
    (SFC, 4/29/05, p.A3)
2005        Apr 28, Scientists reported that deep ocean readings promised a steadily warming world and attributed global warming to human activity.
    (SFC, 4/29/05, p.A1)
2005        Apr 28, Percy Heath (81), bassist and last surviving member of the Modern Jazz Quartet (MJQ), died in Southampton, NY.
    (SFC, 4/30/05, p.B4)
2005        Apr 28, India’s central bank raised its key interest rate to 5% to stem inflation.
    (WSJ, 4/29/05, p.A15)
2005        Apr 28, Indian troops shot dead four Muslim rebels who infiltrated into Indian Kashmir from the Pakistani-zone of the divided state.
    (AP, 4/29/05)
2005        Apr 28, Premier Silvio Berlusconi's new government won approval from the Italian Senate, ending a government crisis that followed an embarrassing defeat in regional elections.
    (AP, 4/28/05)
2005        Apr 28, In Iraq Ahmad Chalabi captured a key position in the new government, a deputy prime minister's spot and temporary control of the lucrative oil ministry.
    (AP, 4/28/05)
2005        Apr 28, Lt. Col. Ala'a Khalil Ibrahim, who worked in the visa section of the Interior Ministry, was shot dead on the way to work by gunmen in Baghdad's eastern section of al-Shaab. A suicide car bomb exploded near an Iraqi army checkpoint, wounding four Iraqi soldiers, three U.S. soldiers and seven Iraqi civilians.
    (AP, 4/28/05)
2005        Apr 28, Four US soldiers were killed and two wounded when a Task Force Freedom convoy was hit by a roadside bomb in Tal Afar city, 90 miles east of the Syrian border.
    (AP, 4/30/05)
2005        Apr 28, Islamic militant group Army of Ansar al-Sunna said it shot dead six abducted Sudanese drivers working for U.S. forces in Iraq, according to a video posted on the Internet.
    (AP, 4/28/05)
2005        Apr 28, A twin-engine army plane slammed nose-first into Peru's southern desert coast, killing all 13 people aboard.
    (AP, 4/29/05)
2005        Apr 28, A military helicopter crashed into a wooded ravine on a northern Philippine mountain, killing all nine people on board.
    (AP, 4/29/05)
2005        Apr 28, Dharmeratnam Sivaram (46), a top Tamil journalist whose articles favored the mainstream Tamil rebels over a breakaway faction, was fatally shot hours after being seized by attackers at a restaurant in Colombo.
    (AP, 4/29/05)
2005        Apr 28, The African Union agreed to more than triple the size of its peacekeeping force in Sudan's western Darfur region.
    (AP, 4/29/05)
2005        Apr 28, Swiss engineers blasted through the final four yards of rock to complete the bore of the first of two deep rail tunnels under the Swiss Alps linking north and south Europe. The 21-mile Loetschberg tunnel, part of a massive construction project to move heavy European Union trucks off Switzerland's narrow highways and onto transport trains, will shorten the travel time between Germany and Milan, Italy, by an hour.
    (AP, 4/28/05)

2005        Apr 28-2005 Oct 14, At least 3,663 Iraqis were killed in war-related violence during this period leading up to the vote on a new constitution according to an Associated Press count.
    (AP, 10/14/05)

2005        Apr 29, NASA again delayed the first space shuttle launch since the Columbia disaster, worrying that ice falling off fuel tank could doom Discovery.
    (AP, 4/29/06)
2005        Apr 29, Apple began selling the Tiger operating system, OS X version 10.4, for the Mac computer.
    (SFC, 4/30/05, p.C1)
2005        Apr 29, Afghan security forces opened fire during a celebration in a western city, killing a mother and her daughter. In central Afghanistan an airstrike on a suspected insurgent camp killed three civilians and four militants. A bomb tore through a jeep carrying Afghan anti-drug police in eastern Afghanistan, killing 3 officers and injuring two more, in the first deadly attack on the country's new counter-narcotics forces.
    (AP, 4/30/05)(AP, 5/1/05)
2005        Apr 29, In Colombia government troops consolidated their grip on Tacuejo, a mountain town retaken from leftist rebels, and the town's Indian residents slowly began to return despite fears of more violence.
    (AP, 4/29/05)
2005        Apr 29, The German government finally scaled back its 2005 growth forecasts, acknowledging that its earlier prognosis had been too optimistic in face of high oil prices and an unexpected economic contraction at the end of last year.
    (AFP, 4/29/05)
2005        Apr 29, An audiotape purportedly by America's most-wanted insurgent in Iraq, Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, posted on the Internet and threatened more attacks against U.S. forces and urges followers to be wary of any American attempts at dialogue.
    (AP, 4/29/05)
2005        Apr 29, Insurgents staged a series of car bombings and other attacks, killing at least 41 people, including three US soldiers, a day after the country's first democratically elected government was approved.
    (AP, 4/29/05)(AP, 4/29/06)
2005        Apr 29, India signed a pact with the United Nations to combat HIV infections among military personnel after defense authorities sounded a health alert last week.
    (AP, 4/29/05)
2005        Apr 29, The head of India's new task force, fighting to save the nation's dwindling stock of tigers, said the big cats were on the verge of extinction, because of rampant poaching for their body parts.
    (AP, 4/29/05)
2005        Apr 29, Insurgents set off at least 17 bombs in Iraq, killing at least 50 people, including 5 US soldiers, in a series of attacks aimed at shaking Iraq's newly formed government.
    (SFC, 4/30/05, p.A1)(AP, 5/1/05)
2005        Apr 29, Italy and the United States said they had failed to agree on whether U.S. soldiers were at fault in the death of an Italian intelligence agent in Iraq.
    (AP, 4/30/05)
2005        Apr 29, Italy slashed its 2005 growth forecast by almost half to 1.2 percent and warned its budget deficit could hit 4 percent of gross domestic product.
    (AP, 4/29/05)
2005        Apr 29, Japanese PM Junichiro Koizumi wooed India, aiming to build a partnership with New Delhi to cope with the growing clout of China in a changing continent.
    (AP, 4/29/05)
2005        Apr 29, Heavy rains in western Romania have flooded hundreds of villages, forcing 3,700 people to abandon their homes and disrupting rail and road traffic.
    (Reuters, 4/29/05)
2005        Apr 29, Russian President Vladimir Putin laid a wreath on the late-Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat's tomb and held talks with Arafat's successor, Mahmoud Abbas, but Palestinians held out little hope for concrete results.
    (AP, 4/29/05)
2005        Apr 29, Sri Lanka's government ordered a "full-scale investigation" into the slaying of a senior Tamil journalist who was abducted overnight as he left a restaurant.
    (AP, 4/29/05)
2005        Apr 29, The UN health agency reported 18 new cases of polio in Yemen and said more people are believed infected, sparking fears of an epidemic in the Middle Eastern country with a low immunization rate among children.
    (AP, 4/29/05)
2005        Apr 29, Vietnam marked the 30th anniversary of war's end.
    (AP, 4/29/06)

2005        Apr 30, James Toney outpointed John Ruiz to win the WBA heavyweight title in NY.
    (AP, 4/30/06)
2005        Apr 30, Jennifer Wilbanks (32) of Duluth, Georgia, turned up in Albuquerque, NM, after being missing for 4 days. She was scheduled to be married Apr 30, and got “cold feet."
    (SSFC, 5/1/05, p.A2)
2005        Apr 30, “With all of its liabilities in dollars and most of its assets in foreign currencies, America gets a wealth boost when the dollar drops." The Bank of Japan and other central banks have amassed $2 trillion in foreign-exchange reserves, perhaps 70% in dollars. Should the dollar fall, these central banks will be exposed to heavy capital losses.
    (Econ, 4/30/05, p.70,74)
2005        Apr 30, In Egypt a bomb blast and tour bus shooting took place near Cairo tourist sites. A man identified as a suspect in an April 7 bombing blew himself up as he leapt off a bridge during a police chase. Less than two hours later 2 veiled women opened fire on a tour bus in a historic part of Cairo and one of them was killed in a gunbattle with security guards.
    (AP, 5/1/05)
2005        Apr 30, Insurgents launched fresh attacks in Baghdad and northern Iraq, killing at least 10 Iraqis and wounding more than 30.
    (AP, 4/30/05)
2005        Apr 30, Nepal's King Gyanendra lifted a state of emergency he imposed after seizing power in February.
    (AP, 4/30/05)
2005        Apr 30, Palestinian security officials said Israeli special forces entered Tulkarem before dawn and arrested 18-year-old Mohammed Shalhoub. Israeli military officials said Shalhoub was an Islamic Jihad militant preparing an imminent suicide attack against Israelis and had already filmed the video testament often left by suicide bombers.
    (AP, 5/1/05)
2005        Apr 30, Students and administrators at the main campus of Puerto Rico's largest university agreed to end a 3-week-old strike called to protest a 33 percent tuition increase.
    (AP, 4/30/05)
2005        Apr 30, Sudanese leaders began work on drafting an interim constitution expected to seal a peace deal with the south, but major opposition groups boycotted the opening session.
    (AFP, 4/30/05)
2005        Apr 30, In western Turkey a police officer was killed and four others were injured when a parcel bomb exploded in the hands of a bomb disposal expert in a seaside resort town.
    (AP, 4/30/05)
2005        Apr 30, Vietnam marked the 30th anniversary of the war's end.
    (AP, 4/30/06)

2005        Apr, Moshe Alamaro of MIT proposed the creation of small, man-made cyclones to cool the ocean and prevent large natural hurricanes.
    (Econ, 6/11/05,  TQ p.8)
2005        Apr, In Arizona the Hualapai Indian tribe began construction of the Skywalk, a glass overhang over the Grand Canyon, to be completed in March, 2007. The $30 million project was initiated by David Jin, a Las Vegas businessman from Shanghai, who planned to collect half of the $25 ticket sales.
    (SFC, 12/15/06, p.A33)
2005        Apr, John Boyer, a North Carolina long-haul trucker, picked up prostitute Jennifer Smith (25) and brought her to an abandoned parking lot just off Interstate 40. The two argued over money, and Boyer strangled the victim with the seat belt of his truck, dumped her body from the cab, and drove off. In 2001 Boyer pleaded guilty to second-degree murder for killing Scarlett Wood (31) in Wilmington four years earlier and began serving a 12-year sentence. Investigators believed that Boyer was responsible for a number of other unsolved killings.
    (AP, 9/18/11)
2005        Apr, The decomposing body of Anthony Ashley-Cooper, the Earl of Shaftesbury, was found in a ravine in the French Riviera, five months after he disappeared from his home in Cannes. In 2007 his mistress testified that he had been strangled to death by Mohamed M'Barek, the brother of his wife, Jamila M'Barek.
    (AFP, 5/23/07)
2005        Apr, Canada, backed by Minnesota and other states, provinces, environmental groups and Indian leaders, asked for a year-long expedited review by the International Joint Commission on a $25 million plan by North Dakota to take water from land-locked Devils Lake to the nearby Sheyenne River with the goal of stabilizing the lake at current levels. The water would ultimately drain into Manitoba's Lake Winnipeg, the world's 10th largest freshwater lake.
    (AP, 5/30/05)
2005        Apr, China began promulgating Document 16, a rallying cry for local propaganda officials to combat specific practices—most notably yidi baodao, or "reports from other places," in which papers dispatch teams of reporters to the site of scandals in distant provinces, far from their immediate government minders.
    (Econ, 8/20/05, p.32)(http://msnbc.msn.com/id/8272398/site/newsweek/)
2005        Apr, Chinese journalist Shi Tao was sentenced to 10 years in prison for illegally providing state secrets to foreigners. He had detailed how his newspaper colleagues were instructed not to commemorate the 15th anniversary of 1989 pro-Democracy action. He was identified by his e-mail address provided by Yahoo. Shi Tao was released on Aug 23, 2013.
    (WSJ, 9/8/05, p.A16)(SFC, 9/9/13, p.A4)
2005        Apr, The Council of Europe, Europe's top human rights body, rejected euthanasia as a legitimate means to end life.
    (AP, 12/21/06)
2005        Apr, The Ahwazi intifada (uprising) began in Iran’s southwest Khuzestan province. Since the 1979 Islamic revolution a third of some 5 million Ahwazis, the native Arabs, were driven from the oil-rich province.
    (SSFC, 11/5/06, p.A16)
2005        Apr, Oleg Deripaska, Russian oligarch, planned to buy KAP, Montenegro’s aluminium plant. KAP accounted for up to 40% of Montenegro’s GDP and was seen as an environmental nightmare. The deal included $20 million for environmental clean-up.
    (Econ, 4/30/05, p.47)
2005        Apr, Singapore PM Lee Hsien Loong announced his government’s decision to legalize gambling.
    (Econ, 4/23/05, p.43)
2005        Apr, Sudan and Uganda mounted their 1st joint military operations against the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA).
    (Econ, 5/7/05, p.41)
2005        Apr, Yemen troops put down a resumption of violence by the followers of cleric Hussein Badr Eddin al-Hawthi (al-Houthi), who was killed in September. It was thought to be led by his father, Badr Eddin al-Hawthi, in fighting that tribal sources say killed 250 people on both sides.
    (AP, 4/20/05)(Econ, 5/21/05, p.51)

2005        May 1, Newsweek, in its May 9th edition, ran a story that said US interrogators at Guantanamo Bay prison had flushed a Quran, the Muslim holy book, down a toilet.
    (Econ, 5/21/05, p.32)
2005        May 1, Hundreds of thousands of workers mobilized on May Day to demand more political muscle in the face of global capitalism, as clashes with police marred some rallies.
    (AP, 5/1/05)
2005        May 1, On what was to have been her wedding day, "runaway bride" Jennifer Wilbanks was led by Albuquerque, N.M., police to an airplane that flew her home to Georgia.
    (AP, 5/1/06)
2005        May 1, The bodies of 3 Afghan women were found raped, hanged and dumped on a roadside in Baglan province with a warning not to work for foreign relief organizations.
    (SFC, 5/6/05, p.A15)
2005        May 1, Chinese computer maker Lenovo completed its purchase of IBM's personal computer division.
    (AP, 5/1/06)
2005        May 1, In Egypt police detained about 200 people from the home villages of 3 attackers responsible for a bomb blast and tour bus shooting near Cairo tourist sites the day before.
    (AP, 5/1/05)
2005        May 1, In Iraq insurgents launched a 3rd straight day of attacks, including ambushes, car bombs and a drive-by shooting, killing nine Iraqis and wounding more than 20.
    (AP, 5/1/05)
2005        May 1, Five suspects were arrested by Iraqi forces and confessed to the kidnapping and murder of British aid worker Margaret Hassan.
    (AFP, 5/1/05)
2005        May 1, In northern Iraq a car bomb obliterated a tent packed with mourners at the funeral of a Kurdish official, killing 25 people and wounding more than 50 in the single deadliest attack since insurgents started bearing down on Iraq's newly named government late last week.
    (AP, 5/1/05)
2005        May 1, A videotape released by Iraqi militants showed Douglas Wood (63), a kidnapped an Australian man living in California, who pleaded for U.S.-led coalition forces to leave Iraq to save his life.
    (AP, 5/1/05)
2005        May 1, In Nepal about ten thousand people marched through Kathmandu, demanding the restoration of democracy in the biggest show of opposition strength since King Gyanendra seized absolute power three months ago.
    (AP, 5/1/05)
2005        May 1, North Korea test-fired a short range missile.
    (WSJ, 5/2/05, p.A16)
2005        May 1, Russian Orthodox Patriarch Alexy II wished health and happiness to millions of Orthodox Christians as believers marked Easter, the holiest day in the Orthodox calendar.
    (AP, 5/1/05)
2005        May 1, Thai fishermen netted a 646-pound Mekong giant catfish believed to have been the world's largest freshwater fish ever caught in Thailand.
    (AP, 6/30/05)
2005        May 1, Turkish PM Recep Tayyip Erdogan arrived in Israel for a visit seeking to mend relations with the Jewish state and join in a new wave of Middle East peace efforts.
    (AP, 5/1/05)

2005        May 2, Florida’s Gov. Bush signed legislation imposing 25-year jail terms for some child molesters and forcing many to wear satellite tracking gear upon release.
    (WSJ, 5/3/05, p.A1)
2005        May 2, Utah’s Gov. Jon Huntsman signed a measure defying the Bush administration's No Child Left Behind Act despite a warning from the federal education secretary that it could cost $76 million in federal aid. The legislation gives Utah's education standards priority over federal requirements of the No Child Left Behind Act.
    (AP, 5/3/05)
2005        May 2, Pvt. 1st Class Lynndie England, the young woman pictured in some of the most notorious Abu Ghraib photos, pleaded guilty at Fort Hood, Texas, to mistreating prisoners. However, a judge later threw out the plea agreement; England was later convicted in a court-martial and sentenced to three years in prison.
    (AP, 5/2/06)
2005        May 2, Neiman Marcus agreed to be sold to Texas pacific Group and Warburg Pincus for $5.1 billion.
    (WSJ, 5/3/05, p.B1)
2005        May 2, Verizon Communications won its bid to buy MCI Inc. in a $8.44 billion deal.
    (WSJ, 5/3/05, p.A1)
2005        May 2, Bob Hunter (63), inspirer of Greenpeace, died.
    (Econ, 5/14/05, p.89)
2005        May 2, In Afghanistan an arms cache, hidden under the house of a warlord and former government militia commander named Jalal Bashgah, exploded in a bunker beneath his home killing 34 people, injuring 16 and devastating surrounding buildings.
    (AP, 5/2/05)(SFC, 5/3/05, p.A5)
2005        May 2, Brazil posted a record trade surplus for the month of April. During the month its currency rose 5% against the dollar.
    (WSJ, 5/3/05, p.A14)
2005        May 2, Jose Miguel Insulza, Chile’s interior minister, became head of the Organization of American States.
    (WSJ, 5/2/05, p.A16)
2005        May 2, Coalition soldiers fought suspected insurgents near Qaim, a Syrian border town, in a battle that killed 12 militants, injured a 6-year-old girl and wounded six coalition soldiers.
    (AP, 5/3/05)
2005        May 2, A car bomb exploded in an upscale shopping district of Baghdad, killing at least six Iraqis and setting fire to an apartment building.
    (AP, 5/2/05)
2005        May 2, Israeli cabinet minister Natan Sharansky resigned to protest the planned Gaza withdrawal, which he called a "tragic mistake" that will encourage Palestinian violence and deepen the rift in Israeli society.
    (AP, 5/2/05)
2005        May 2, An Israeli soldier and a Palestinian fugitive were killed in a shootout at Seideh in the West Bank.
    (AP, 5/2/05)(SFC, 5/3/05, p.A5)
2005        May 2, Italian investigators blamed US military authorities for failing to signal there was a checkpoint ahead on the Baghdad road where American soldiers killed an Italian agent, concluding in a report that stress, inexperience and fatigue played a role in the shooting.
    (AP, 5/3/05)
2005        May 2, In Kuwait a push to allow women to participate in local elections stalled when Islamist and conservative lawmakers abstained en masse from a key vote in parliament, leaving the measure undefeated but short of the number of votes needed for passage.
    (AP, 5/2/05)
2005        May 2, An Oman state security court convicted 30 people of plotting to overthrow the sultan and install an Islamic government, but spared them the death penalty. Another defendant was convicted of a lesser crime.
    (AP, 5/2/05)
2005        May 2, Pakistani authorities arrested Abu Farraj al-Libbi, head of al-Qaida operations in Pakistan. The nation's most-wanted militant had a $10 million bounty on his head. A 2nd militant was seized with al-Libbi, who has a five-million-dollar US bounty on his head, was himself a key Al-Qaeda figure with a reward tag of four million dollars.
    (AP, 5/4/05)(AP, 5/5/05)
2005        May 2, Yevgeny Adamov, Russia's former nuclear energy minister, was arrested in the Swiss capital on a US warrant accusing him of diverting up to $9 million from funds intended to improve Russian nuclear security.
    (AP, 5/4/05)
2005        May 2, The world's nations gathered, for the 7th time since it took force in 1970, to reassess how well the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty is working.
    (AP, 5/2/05)

2005        May 3, The US Federal Reserve hiked the fed funds target rate by a quarter-point to an even 3%, marking a cumulative increase of two full percentage points in the past 10 months. That increase was matched by a quarter-point increase in commercial banks' prime lending rate, the benchmark rate for millions of consumer and business loans, which moved up to 6 percent, the highest that rate has been since the fall of 2001.
    (AP, 5/4/05)
2005        May 3-2005 May 4, American troops and Afghan police killed 64 rebels and captured six during a battle in the mountains of southern Afghanistan. 9 Afghan troops and one policeman were also killed in the clashes in the southern provinces of Zabul and Kandahar.
    (AP, 5/5/05)
2005        May 3, The WHO said Indonesia has detected its first case of polio in a decade, prompting the government to launch a massive vaccination campaign that is expected to inoculate more than 5 million children.
    (AP, 5/3/05)
2005        May 3, Iran told a United Nations nonproliferation conference it would press on with its uranium-enrichment technology.
    (AP, 5/3/06)
2005        May 3, Shiite Arab leader Ibrahim al-Jaafari was sworn in as prime minister as Iraq's first democratically elected government took office.
    (AP, 5/3/05)
2005        May 3, Two American soldiers died in roadside bomb attacks by insurgents in Baghdad.
    (AP, 5/4/05)
2005        May 3, Insurgents attacked coalition forces in Ramadi, setting off a battle that killed 12 militants, an Iraqi soldier and two Iraqi civilians.
    (AP, 5/3/05)
2005        May 3, Israeli officials said Hamas must disarm before participating in Palestinian parliament elections this summer, in a new twist to their standoff with Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas over his refusal to use force against militants.
    (AP, 5/3/05)
2005        May 3, In Indian-controlled Kashmir suspected rebels killed six people in attacks, while at least six militants died in an overnight gunbattle with soldiers.
    (AP, 5/3/05)
2005        May 3, Kuwait’s Parliament created a constitutional roadblock that effectively kept women out of this year’s race for municipal council seats.
    (SFC, 5/4/05, p.A3)
2005        May 3, ChevronTexaco's Nigerian subsidiary said it would overhaul its aid projects in the country's oil-rich south after finding much of the tens of millions of dollars spent yearly was fueling violence and wasted by corruption.
    (AP, 5/4/05)
2005        May 3, In Pakistan a parliamentary committee issued 32 recommendations on how the government should address grievances in Baluchistan.
    (Econ, 5/7/05, p.37)
2005        May 3, On World Press Freedom Day Pakistan police beat journalists with sticks and detained at least 30 of them for staging a rally in the capital, Islamabad.
    (Reuters, 5/3/05)
2005        May 3, In Lahore, Pakistan, gas cylinders exploded in the basement of an apartment building as residents slept, causing the three-story structure to collapse. At least 25 people were killed and 20 injured.
    (AP, 5/3/05)
2005        May 3, An explosion erupted as Somalia's provisional prime minister was starting a speech, killing at least seven people and causing an undetermined number of injuries at a government rally in Mogadishu's soccer stadium.
    (AP, 5/3/05)

2005        May 4, Constantin Brancusi's "Bird in Space" shattered the record for a sculpture at auction when it soared to an astonishing $27,450,000 at Christie's sale of Impressionist and modern art.
    (Reuters, 5/5/05)
2005        May 4, A military judge at Fort Hood, Texas, threw out Pvt. 1st Class Lynndie England's guilty plea to abusing Iraqi detainees at Abu Ghraib prison, saying he was not convinced the Army reservist knew her actions were wrong at the time. England was later convicted in a court-martial and sentenced to three years in prison.
    (AP, 5/4/06)
2005        May 4, Prosecutors rested their case in the Michael Jackson molestation trial.
    (AP, 5/4/06)
2005        May 4, ABC aired a segment of "Primetime Live" in which former "American Idol" contestant Corey Clark claimed an affair with judge Paula Abdul, who denied the allegation.
    (AP, 5/4/06)
2005        May 4, Col. David H. Hackworth (1931-2005), Vietnam war veteran, died. His books included “About Face: The Odyssey of an American Warrior" (1990) and “Hazardous Duty: America's Most Decorated Living Soldier Reports from the Front and Tells It the Way It Is," (1996) co-authored with Tom Matthews.    
    (SFC, 5/7/05, p.B5)
2005        May 4, In China 178 birds were found dead at Bird Island in Qinghai province in a lake that served as a major area for research on migratory water fowl. They were killed by the deadly H5N1 strain of bird flu virus. The number of dead birds was later raised to 1,500 with bar-headed geese among the most dead.
    (WSJ, 5/23/05, p.A11)(SFC, 7/7/05, p.A5)
2005        May 4, Chinese authorities confined residents in Yanqing, 50 miles north of Beijing, to their homes following the outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease in cattle. Numerous farms were put under quarantine.
    (WSJ, 5/24/05, p.A10)
2005        May 4, It was reported that Cuba and Venezuela agreed to start a joint shipyard in Venezuela, the latest sign of strengthening economic ties between the Latin nations.
    (AP, 5/4/05)
2005        May 4, The Danish government said that the mission of Denmark's 530 troops in southern Iraq would be extended until Feb 1.
    (AP, 5/4/05)
2005        May 4, Thousands of supporters of the banned Muslim Brotherhood, Egypt's largest Islamic group, protested across the country in an escalation of the opposition campaign demanding political reform. Police arrested hundreds of protesters.
    (AP, 5/4/05)
2005        May 4, An Iraqi carrying hidden explosives detonated them outside a police recruitment center in Arbil where people were applying for jobs, killing at least 60 Iraqis and wounding some 100. The Iraqi militant group Ansar al-Sunnah claimed responsibility for the bombing saying in a Web statement the attack was revenge for the Kurds' alliance with US forces.
    (AP, 5/4/05)(SFC, 5/5/05, p.A1)(Econ, 5/7/05, p.19)
2005        May 4, Israeli Defense Minister Shaul Mofaz said he is freezing the handover of West Bank towns to Palestinian security control because the Palestinians have failed to honor their promise to disarm militants.
    (AP, 5/4/05)
2005        May 4, Israeli soldiers shot and killed two Palestinian youths in a West Bank village near the city of Ramallah.
    (AP, 5/5/05)
2005        May 4, Japanese media reported Japan will withdraw its 550 soldiers from their non-combat mission in Iraq in December.
    (AP, 5/4/05)
2005        May 4, Mexico's government cleared the capital's mayor of wrongdoing, conceding defeat in a nasty political fight that ousted an attorney general and raised criticisms that President Vicente Fox was trying to block his top rival from running for president.
    (AP, 5/5/05)

2005        May 5, President Bush met with Nigerian Pres. Olusegun Obasanjo. They discussed oil and Obasanjo said he would explore how to address US concerns that former Liberian President Charles Taylor be brought to justice.
    (AP, 5/5/05)
2005        May 5, The Bush administration set aside a rule protecting 33% of national forests from roads. This opened some 58.5 million acres for possible commercial use. New rules by the Bush administration in 2008 repealed a 1982 regulation requiring that fish and wildlife habitats be managed to maintain viable populations. On June 30, 2009, these changes were reversed by a federal judge in San Francisco.
    (SFC, 5/6/05, p.A4)(WSJ, 5/6/05, p.A1)(SFC, 7/1/09, p.A6)
2005        May 5, US National Prayer Day. It has been celebrated since 1952 but was only fixed by Congress in 1988.
    (SFC, 5/5/05, p.B1)
2005        May 5, "Precious Doe," a slain girl mourned but unknown for four years in Kansas City, Mo., was identified as Erica Michelle Marie Green; her mother and stepfather were charged with murder.
    (AP, 5/5/06)
2005        May 5, Michael Jackson's lawyers opened their case in his molestation and conspiracy trial after the judge denied a defense motion for an acquittal.
    (AP, 5/5/06)
2005        May 5, The Arab-American National Museum opened across from City Hall in Dearborn, Mich.
    (SSFC, 10/9/05, p.E6)(http://tinyurl.com/ajzhu)
2005        May 5, Merck & Co. said that Raymond V. Gilmartin is stepping down effective immediately from the top jobs at the drugmaker, which has been slammed by mounting lawsuits and falling revenues since recalling its blockbuster painkiller Vioxx last fall. He was succeeded by Richard Clark, who steered Merck through the Vioxx affair.
    (AP, 5/5/05)(WSJ, 5/6/05, p.A1)(Econ, 9/16/06, p.75)
2005        May 5, June MacCloy Butler (b.1909), film actress, died.
    (SFC, 5/19/05, p.B7)
2005        May 5, Charlie Muse (87), inventor of the baseball batting helmet, died in Florida.
    (WSJ, 5/17/05, p.A1)
2005        May 5, Tony Blair was elected to a historic third term as Britain's prime minister. Conservatives, Michael Howard, announced that he would step down after a stinging election defeat at the hands of PM Tony Blair's Labor Party.
    (AP, 5/6/05)
2005        May 5, Dominica's governing party won a narrow victory in parliamentary elections apparently convincing voters of the need for an austerity program and a switch in diplomatic ties from Taiwan to China.
    (AP, 5/5/05)
2005        May 5, Two American soldiers accused of arms trafficking emerged from jail and were handed over to US officials, but a top Colombian official tried to delay their deportation, saying a treaty granting them immunity might be invalid.
    (AP, 5/5/05)(WSJ, 5/5/05, p.A1)
2005        May 5, In central Congo a Russian-made airplane crashed, killing 10 of the 11 passengers aboard.
    (AP, 5/5/05)
2005        May 5, Insurgents killed at least 20 people in three separate attacks targeting Iraqi security forces in Baghdad, including one by a man who blew himself up while waiting in line outside an army recruitment center.
    (AP, 5/5/05)
2005        May 5, Palestinians voted for local governments in dozens of towns and villages across the West Bank and Gaza Strip. More than 2,500 candidates were vying for seats on 84 municipal councils.
    (AP, 5/5/05)
2005        May 5, Russia's Federal Security service said it foiled planned terror attacks ahead of Victory in Europe celebrations, discovering a truck near Grozny packed with more than a ton of explosives and a cache of poisons allegedly intended for chemical attacks.
    (AP, 5/5/05)
2005        May 5, In northern Uganda rebels from the Lord's Resistance Army attacked villagers tending their fields, hacking to death at least 10 people and wounding some 14 others.
    (AP, 5/5/05)

2005        May 6, President Bush arrived in Riga, Latvia, as he opened a fast-paced, four-country journey to mark the 60th anniversary of the defeat of Nazi Germany.
    (AP, 5/6/06)
2005        May 6, Joe Grant (96), pioneering Disney artist/storyman, died. He was co-story director on "Fantasia," co-writer of "Dumbo" and designer of the witch/queen character in "Snow White." Grant remained vital and active at Disney feature animation until his death.
    (www.talkdisney.com/forums/printthread.php?t=27485)
2005        May 6, In Bahrain about 5,000 citizens jammed a main road in the capital, waving red and white Bahraini flags in the 2nd rally for constitutional reforms in a month.
    (AP, 5/7/05)
2005        May 6, British Prime Minister Tony Blair unveiled his Cabinet, changing leadership in defense and health but keeping mostly familiar faces after a third term victory dampened by a reduced majority in Parliament.
    (AP, 5/6/06)
2005        May 6, Holocaust Memorial Day (Yom Hashoah). In 1951 Israel’s Parliament set the day of commemoration for the 27th of Nissan, a few days after the end of Passover.
    (WSJ, 5/6/05, p.W11)
2005        May 6, An Indian federal probe into disappearing tigers in a state-protected reserve has found the entire population of big cats has been wiped out by poachers. "The special investigation team in its preliminary assessment report has indicated that there was no evidence to prove the presence of tigers in Sariska (national park)."
    (AP, 5/6/05)
2005        May 6, Arab television station al-Jazeera said militants holding an Australian engineer hostage have issued a 72-hour ultimatum for Australia to start pulling troops out of Iraq.
    (AP, 5/6/05)
2005        May 6, Insurgent car bombs struck a market in Suwayrah killing 17 civilians, and a police bus in Tikrit, killing at least 8 policemen.
    (AP, 5/6/05)
2005        May 6, At least a dozen bodies were found buried at a garbage dump on the outskirts of Baghdad, some of them blindfolded and shot in the head.
    (AP, 5/6/05)
2005        May 6, In Lebanon an explosion ravaged a shopping area and set off a fire near a Christian religious radio station in the port city of Jounieh north of Beirut.
    (AP, 5/7/05)
2005        May 6, In southwestern Nepal unidentified gunmen fatally shot Narayan Pokhrel, the chief of the World Hindu Council's Nepal chapter, while he was touring villages.
    (AP, 5/6/05)
2005        May 6, Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas' ruling Fatah movement narrowly fended off a strong challenge by Hamas to win local elections, but the Islamic militant group captured the 3 biggest races in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, establishing itself as a major political force.
    (AP, 5/6/05)
2005        May 6, Romania's foreign minister said his government would keep its troops in Iraq supporting postwar operations despite the kidnapping of three Romanian journalists.
    (AP, 5/6/05)
2005        May 6, The UN Sec. Gen. appointed Alvaro de Soto as the Special Coordinator for the Middle East Peace Process. De Soto resigned in May, 2007.
    (www.un.org/unsco/coordinator.html)

2005        May 7, Giacomo, a 50-1 shot, defied the odds and won the $2.4 million Kentucky Derby in a gigantic upset, running down Afleet Alex in the final strides and generating a huge payoff.
    (AP, 5/8/05)
2005        May 7, Peter Rodino (95), the House of Representatives Judiciary Committee chairman who directed the impeachment investigation of President Richard Nixon, died in New Jersey. Rodino represented a Newark, NJ, district from 1949-1989.
    (AP, 5/8/05)(SSFC, 5/8/05, p.A2)
2005        May 7, MIT students held their 1st convention for time travelers.
    (Econ, 5/7/05, p.75)
2005        May 7, In Afghanistan a UN worker from Myanmar was among three people killed in a suicide attack at an Internet cafe in Kabul.
    (AP, 5/8/05)
2005        May 7, In northeastern Australia a commuter airplane carrying 15 people slammed into a hillside and everyone on board was feared killed.
    (AP, 5/7/05)
2005        May 7, Canadian Press reported that Canada will send up to 150 military personnel to Sudan to help the African Union and a UN mission keep the peace.
    (CP, 5/7/05)
2005        May 7, China and Japan agreed to try to improve strained ties and meet soon to discuss a disputed gas field.
    (Reuters, 5/7/05)
2005        May 7, After extensive use of H2OIL fuel additives for over 15 years, China will begin manufacturing F2-21 nanotechnology fuel additives. H2OIL's first overseas plant in Tianjin opened under a joint venture agreement with PetroChina's Huafu Oilfield Chemical Company. F2-21, developed by H2Oil president Richard Hicks, is a mixture of water, shampoo and baby oil that forms nano-sized globules which explode in an engine’s combustion chamber helping the gas to burn more cleanly and completely.
    (www.h2oil.com/press.shtml)(SFC, 3/23/06, p.C3)
2005        May 7, In central India about 200 Maoist rebels, some armed with AK-47 assault rifles, attacked a mining unit of Hindalco Industries, India's largest aluminium and copper producer, shutting down its operations.
    (AP, 5/9/05)
2005        May 7, In Iraq US forces began Operation Matador, aimed at clearing a region believed to be a haven for foreign fighters slipping into Iraq from Syria.
    (AP, 5/13/05)
2005        May 7, Two suicide car bombs exploded in a central Baghdad square, killing 22 people, including two American contract workers. 3 US Marines and one sailor were killed in a bombing and firefight in Haditha.
    (AP, 5/7/05)(SFC, 5/9/05, p.A1)
2005        May 7, In Iraq gunmen stopped a minibus in which the 6 men were carrying the coffin of a relative to a funeral service in the Shiite city of Najaf. The 6 men, 3 of them brothers, were kidnapped and killed, and the attackers threw the coffin into the nearby Euphrates River.
    (AP, 5/10/05)
2005        May 7, In Riga, Latvia, Pres. Bush said the Soviet domination of central and eastern Europe after World War II will be remembered as "one of the greatest wrongs of history" and acknowledged that the United States played a significant role in the division of the continent.
    (AP, 5/7/05)
2005        May 7, Gen. Michel Aoun, who led a quixotic battle to oust Syria's army from Lebanon 16 years ago, returned to Lebanon from a lengthy exile in France.
    (AP, 5/7/05)
2005        May 7, In Myanmar 3 explosions rocked the capital, Yangon, killing at least 19 people and wounding 162 others.
    (AP, 5/8/05)(Reuters, 5/15/05)
2005        May 7, David Trimble, Nobel Peace Prize laureate and one of the architects of Northern Ireland's 1998 peace accord, resigned as head of the Ulster Unionist Party after losing his seat in this week's parliamentary elections.
    (AP, 5/7/05)

2005        May 8, Steve Nash edged Shaquille O'Neal by 34 points to win the NBA's most valuable player award.
    (AP, 5/8/06)
2005        May 8, In Zion, Ill., Laura Hobbs (8) and Krystal Tobias (9), out on a Mother's Day bicycle ride, were stabbed multiple times and left to die near a bike path. Laura’s father Jerry Hobbs (34), just out of a Texas prison a few weeks, led police to the girls' bodies in a ravine. He was charged with murder on the second day of questioning by police.
    (AP, 5/10/05)(AP, 5/11/05)
2005        May 8, Lloyd Cutler (87), White House counsel to Presidents Carter and Clinton and adviser to presidents of both parties, died at his Washington home.
    (AP, 5/8/06)
2005        May 8, Kristi Black (19) was found strangled in the apartment shared with Ivan Villa (22) in Ruidoso, New Mexico. Villa disappeared with Justin, his 16-month-old stepson, leading to a frantic search for the toddler. Later in the month Justin was recovered in Mexico. On Oct 5, 2006, Villa turned himself in to US authorities in Guadalajara.
    (AP, 10/6/06)
2005        May 8, In eastern Afghanistan insurgents trying to escape US Marines took refuge in a cave and killed 2 Americans during a 5-hour battle that left an estimated 23 rebels dead.
    (AP, 5/10/05)
2005        May 8, In Brazil top government officials from the 11 South American nations and 22 Middle Eastern and North African countries attending the Summit of South American-Arab Countries met ahead of the two-day summit's opening on May 10.
    (AP, 5/8/05)
2005        May 8, In Central African Republic a coup leader who seized power in a rebel war two years ago sought the presidency in a runoff election against a man representing the former ruling party he ousted. The military strongman Francois Bozize faces former PM Martin Ziguele in a poll that many hope will bring an end to an era of army coups and revolts.
    (AP, 5/7/05)
2005        May 8, In Alexandria Egypt, some 3,000 female supporters of the opposition Muslim Brotherhood gathered to demand democratic reforms.
    (AP, 5/8/05)
2005        May 8, The new Turkish Cypriot government of Premier Ferdi Sabit Soyer won a vote of confidence in the breakaway Turkish Cypriot state.
    (AP, 5/8/05)
2005        May 8, In India the number of rare bacterial meningitis cases in New Delhi rose by at least 30 over the last 24 hours with 15 confirmed deaths from the disease.
    (AP, 5/8/05)
2005        May 8, In Indonesia US Deputy Secretary of State Robert Zoellick signed an agreement to build a $245 million road along Aceh's western coast.
    (AP, 5/8/05)
2005        May 8, Iraq's parliament approved six Cabinet nominees, handing four more posts to the disaffected Sunni Arab minority. Iraq's newly approved human rights minister turned down the job, saying he was selected only because he was a Sunni Arab.
    (AP, 5/8/05)
2005        May 8, In Iraq gunmen shot and killed a senior official in Iraq's Transportation Ministry in Baghdad. Zoba Yass, director general of the ministry's projects, and his driver were killed.
    (AP, 5/8/05)
2005        May 8, In Nepal seven mainstream opposition parties agreed to form a united front to push for a return to democracy following King Gyanendra's seizure of power. Nepal's Maoist rebels soon threw their support behind the decision.
    (AP, 5/11/05)
2005        May 8, In central Iraq 3 US soldiers were killed in separate attacks.
    (AP, 5/8/05)
2005        May 8, In Iraq the Ansar al-Sunnah Army kidnapped Akihiko Saito (44), after ambushing a group of five foreign contractors. It later said Saito was "seriously injured" in the fighting and that the others had died.
    (AP, 5/10/05)
2005        May 8-2005 May 9, American troops backed by helicopters and war planes launched a major offensive against insurgents in a remote desert area near the Syrian border, and about 100 militants were killed in the first 24 hours.
    (AP, 5/9/05)(SFC, 5/10/05, p.A1)
2005        May 8, In southeastern Niger a swarm of locusts has descended on a town, sparking fears that the West African nation, where millions of people face food shortages, could endure another invasion of the crop-munching insects.
    (AP, 5/9/05)
2005        May 8, President Bush paid homage in the Netherlands to the "terrible price" paid by World War II soldiers who never came home from their fight against tyranny.
    (AP, 5/8/05)
2005        May 8, In Pakistan's northwestern tribal region a bomb ripped through a car, killing 2 tribesmen.
    (AP, 5/8/05)
2005        May 8, In Moscow Pres. Bush and Vladimir Putin went out of their way to take a unified stand on Middle East peace and terrorism after sharp words in recent days about democratic backsliding and postwar Soviet domination.
    (AP, 5/8/05)
2005        May 8, Russia began a pomp-filled, high-security celebration of the 60th anniversary of the Allied victory over Nazi Germany.
    (AP, 5/8/05)
2005        May 8, In Saudi Arabia a Pakistani man was beheaded for attempting to smuggle heroin into the kingdom.
    (AP, 5/8/05)
2005        May 8, In Syria a prominent Kurdish Islamic scholar was murdered in Damascus.
    (WSJ, 6/6/05, p.A1)

2005        May 9, President Bush, Russian President Vladimir Putin, French President Jacques Chirac and German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder commemorated the 60th anniversary of the Allied victory over Nazi Germany with a lavish military parade in Moscow. President Bush then traveled to Georgia.
    (AP, 5/9/06)
2005        May 9, Actress Renee Zellweger married country music star Kenny Chesney on the island of St. John in the US Virgin Islands. The marriage was annulled just months later.
    (AP, 5/9/06)
2005        May 9, Eight-year-old Laura Hobbs and 9-year-old Krystal Tobias were found stabbed to death in Zion, Ill.; Laura's father, Jerry Hobbs III, was later charged with killing the girls.
    (AP, 5/9/06)
2005        May 9, In Hingham, Mass., the bodies of two homeless men were found. They had likely been killed the previous April. In 2007 Eric Snow (25) and James Winquist (23) were accused of beating the 2 men to death with baseball bats.
    (SFC, 9/5/07, p.A3)
2005        May 9, In Espertantina, Brazil, Mayor Felipe Santolia (32) declared May 9 as an official Orgasm Day.
    (AP, 5/9/05)
2005        May 9, In northern China nearly a dozen homes built into hillside caves were buried when the soil above them collapsed, trapping 24 people.
    (AP, 5/10/05)
2005        May 9, In Ecuador former President Gustavo Noboa was placed under house arrest on charges he mishandled Ecuador's foreign debt negotiations during his three-year term.
    (AP, 5/9/05)
2005        May 9, In Tbilisi Pres. Bush, before a cheering crowd of tens of thousands of people, said that the former Soviet republic of Georgia is proving to the world that determined people can rise up and claim their freedom from oppressive rulers.
    (AP, 5/9/05)
2005        May 9, Werner G. Seifert, the long-serving chief executive of the German stock exchange, was ousted by The Children's Investment Fund (TCI), a British hedge fund. In 2006 Seifert authored his account of the affair: “Invasion der Heuschrecken: Intrigen, Machkampfe, Marktmanipulation."
    (Econ, 4/8/06, p.64)(Econ, 4/22/06, p.81)
2005        May 9, In Athens, Greece, Christian leaders, theologians and religious activists from around the world gathered for a meeting to assess some of the most serious challenges for the faith, such as growing rifts between churches and African congregations ravaged by AIDS.
    (AP, 5/9/05)
2005        May 9, Iran confirmed that it has processed 37 tons of uranium into gas, a key step into the using the material as a fuel for reactors or weapons.
    (WSJ, 5/10/05, p.A1)
2005        May 9, PM Ariel Sharon told Israeli media that Israel's evacuation of the Gaza Strip will be put off until mid-August.
    (AP, 5/9/05)
2005        May 9, Leftist Mexico City Mayor Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador announced that he will resign on July 31 to run for president.
    (AP, 5/9/05)
2005        May 9, Nepali troops killed 26 Maoist rebels who attacked a military base at Bandipur. 3 policemen and one soldier were also killed.
    (AP, 5/10/05)
2005        May 9, Palestinian militants and police exchanged gunfire in two West Bank towns Monday, defying Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas' attempts to crack down on lawlessness and put peacemaking with Israel on a more solid footing.
    (AP, 5/9/05)
2005        May 9, World leaders joined Russian Pres. Vladimir Putin on Red Square for a lavish military parade celebrating the 60th anniversary of the Allied victory over Nazi Germany.
    (AP, 5/9/05)

2005        May 10, A federal bankruptcy judge freed United Airlines from responsibility for pensions covering 120,000 employees.
    (SFC, 5/11/05, p.A1)
2005        May 10, In Riverside County, Ca., David McGowan (44) killed his wife, mother and 3 children, a boy (14) and 2 girls (8 and 10), while they slept. He then killed himself at their home in Garner Valley.
    (SFC, 5/12/05, p.A5)
2005        May 10, Peter Costello, Australia’s finance minister, proposed his 10th budget that included income tax cuts worth almost $17 billion.
    (Econ, 5/14/05, p.44)
2005        May 10, Egypt's parliament overwhelmingly passed a constitutional amendment allowing multicandidate presidential elections for the first time, but the opposition denounced the reform, saying it won't shake President Hosni Mubarak's grip on power.
    (AP, 5/10/05)
2005        May 10, A leading human rights group said systematic political repression in Ethiopia's largest state has kept people there from freely participating in the country's third general election campaign on May 15.
    (AP, 5/10/05)
2005        May 10, Germany dedicated its national Holocaust memorial in Berlin, an undulating field of 2,711 concrete slabs.
    (AP, 5/10/05)(Econ, 5/7/05, p.48)
2005        May 10, Cheered by tens of thousands in the former Soviet republic of Georgia, President Bush urged the spread of democracy across the former communist world and beyond.
    (AP, 5/10/06)
2005        May 10, In central India a man with a sword cut off the hands of a government social worker for trying to stop child marriages. The attack on the woman highlighted the difficulty of ending the centuries-old practice in the region.
    (AP, 5/11/05)
2005        May 10, Iran officially launched production of its first locally built submarine, dubbed Ghadir, a craft that can fire missiles and torpedoes at the same time.
    (AP, 5/10/05)
2005        May 10, Gunmen kidnapped the governor of Iraq's western Anbar province and told his family he would be released when US forces withdraw from Qaim, the site of a major new offensive against followers of Abu Musab al-Zarqawi. Gov. Raja Nawaf Farhan al-Mahalawi was later killed.
    (AP, 5/10/06)
2005        May 10, US forces backed by helicopter gunships and warplanes swept through western Iraq near the Syrian border for a third day, raiding desert outposts and safe houses belonging to insurgents.
    (AP, 5/10/05)
2005        May 10, Italy's center-left opposition celebrated as returns from local elections in Sardinia and 2 northern regions dealt Premier Berlusconi's forces another embarrassing defeat.
    (AP, 5/10/05)
2005        May 10, A Moroccan jailed for involvement in the Casablanca bombings two years ago died during a hunger strike by some 1,000 predominantly Islamist inmates.
    (Reuters, 5/10/05)
2005        May 10, A UN resolution backed by the US urged Nigeria to hand Charles Taylor to a court in Sierra Leone on the grounds that Taylor had violated his terms of asylum.
    (Econ, 5/14/05, p.52)
2005        May 10, Northern Ireland State prosecutor Gordon Kerr told Belfast High Court that prosecutors have accepted a police recommendation to charge Sean Gerard Hoey (35) with the murders of all 29 people killed by the Aug. 15, 1998, bomb in Omagh.
    (AP, 5/10/05)
2005        May 10, Philip Agustin, publisher of a weekly in Dingalan, Philippines, was shot dead in his house. He had with him 500 copies of his newspaper featuring reports on corruption in Dingalan.
    (Econ, 6/18/05, p.39)
2005        May 10, Russian Pres. Vladimir Putin and top European Union leaders unveiled a new partnership accord which aims in particular to deepen ties in the economic sphere, where Europe's thirst for energy dovetails with Russia's need for investment.
    (AP, 5/10/05)
2005        May 10, Senegal passed a law that criminalized forcing another into begging for financial gain, under penalty of a large fine and imprisonment for between two and five years. It did not begin enforcing the ban until 2010.
    (AP, 9/5/10)(www.hrw.org/en/node/89479/section/8)
2005        May 10, Taiwan arrested 17 military officers and civilians on suspicion of passing secrets about the island's intelligence capability to rival China.
    (AP, 5/11/05)
2005        May 10, The UN children's agency said it is sending medical aid to the West African country of Sao Tome and Principe to combat a cholera outbreak that has infected 131 people, killing three.
    (AP, 5/10/05)

2005        May 11, The US Real ID Act of 2005 was signed into law. It was Division B of an act of the United States Congress entitled Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act for Defense, the Global War on Terror, and Tsunami Relief, 2005.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/REAL_ID_Act)
2005        May 11, In Afghanistan demonstrators angry over the alleged desecration of the Quran at Guantanamo Bay smashed car and shop windows and stoned a passing convoy of US soldiers. Police opened fire on the protesters, killing four and injuring at least 71, as protests spread over the Newsweek. Newsweek later apologized for what it termed errors in the article.
    (AP, 5/11/05)(AP, 5/12/06)
2005        May 11, Actor Macaulay Culkin took the stand at Michael Jackson's trial to denounce the molestation allegations against the pop star as "absolutely ridiculous."
    (AP, 5/12/06)
2005        May 11, Lawmakers in Austria and neighboring Slovakia voted overwhelmingly to ratify the new European constitution, giving much-needed support to the charter intended to strengthen the 25-member European Union.
    (AP, 5/12/05)
2005        May 11, In northeastern China a gas explosion at a coal mine killed nine miners.
    (AP, 5/12/05)
2005        May 11, The European Union parliament voted to abolish loopholes that give member states, especially Britain, a way around the bloc's 48-hour maximum workweek.
    (AP, 5/12/05)
2005        May 11, French police swooped down by helicopter to the luxury Riviera villa of self-exiled Russian tycoon Boris Berezovsky, seizing documents and computers.
    (AP, 5/12/05)
2005        May 11, India and Pakistan agreed to start a bus service between the cities of Lahore and Amritsar, and share information on fishermen in each other's custody.
    (AP, 5/11/05)
2005        May 11, In the Indian portion of Kashmir a series of rebel bomb attacks and gunfights with security forces left at least 13 people dead and dozens injured.
    (AP, 5/11/05)
2005        May 11, In Hawija, Iraq, a man with explosives strapped to his body killed at least 30 people at a recruitment center. A wave of explosions and gunfire across Iraq killed at least 39 more people.
    (AP, 5/11/05)
2005        May 11, In western Iraq 4 Marines were killed when their troop transporter was struck by a bomb near Karabilah, a village close to the Syrian border, during Operation Matador.
    (AP, 5/14/05)
2005        May 11, A Katyusha rocket fired from Lebanon landed in the northern Israeli town of Shlomi heavily damaging a factory and drawing an Israeli threat of retaliation.
    (AP, 5/11/05)
2005        May 11, Qatar's first hard look at its own human rights shortcomings produced a catalogue of abuses that include prolonged detentions, mistreatment of foreign workers and the use of children as jockeys in camel races.
    (AP, 5/11/05)
2005        May 11, In Sudan's conflict ridden Darfur region 2 main rebel groups signed a declaration pledging to adhere to a cease-fire and help facilitate the flow of humanitarian relief aid.
    (AP, 5/11/05)

2005        May 12, The US Foreign Relations Committee voted 10-8 along party lines to advance John Bolton's nomination to be UN ambassador without the customary recommendation that the Senate approve it.
    (AP, 5/12/06)
2005        May 12, Microsoft officially unveiled its Xbox 360, a video game console boasting improved graphics over its predecessor.
    (AP, 5/12/06)
2005        May 12, The Islamic Center of America, a $12 million mosque, opened in Dearborn, Mich., down the road near the world headquarters of the Ford Motor Co.
    (SSFC, 10/9/05, p.E6)(www.icofa.com/)
2005        May 12, Police clashed with anti-U.S. demonstrators in two Afghan towns, killing at least three people, and Afghan students burned an American flag in Kabul as protests spread over reported abuse of Islam's holy book at the U.S. jail in Guantanamo Bay.
    (AP, 5/12/05)
2005        May 12, Australian police arrested five men after seizing more than 115 kgs (253 pounds) of heroin, with a street value of more than A$60 million (US$46 million), hidden in containers of plastic chairs from China.
    (AP, 5/13/05)
2005        May 12, Austrian authorities reported the break up a major human trafficking ring led by Romanian, Moldovan and Ukrainian criminals who smuggled more than 5,000 East Europeans to the West, many enduring horrific conditions in tiny hiding spaces in cars, trucks and trailers.
    (AP, 5/12/05)
2005        May 12, Leaders from 12 South American and 22 Arab nations ended their first summit by endorsing a "Declaration of Brasilia," urging Israel to abandon Palestinian territory and insisting free trade must be harnessed to benefit the world's poor.
    (AP, 5/12/05)
2005        May 12, It was reported that Colombia’s Pres. Alvaro Uribe is creating a political party to formally unite his followers, who until now have been known simply as "Uribistas." The plan is being resisted by the opposition and even some of his supporters, who worry about a political party based on one man's hardline ideals.
    (AP, 5/12/05)
2005        May 12, Alberto Santofimio, Colombia's former justice minister, was arrested in connection with the 1989 assassination of Luis Carlos Galan, leading presidential candidate and anti-corruption crusader killed at a campaign rally.
    (AP, 5/12/05)
2005        May 12, More than 13.5 tons of cocaine stored in underground chambers was seized near Colombia's southwest coast.
    (AP, 5/13/05)
2005        May 12, Gunmen ambushed a UN peacekeeping patrol in Congo's restless eastern Ituri region, killing one soldier and injuring five.
    (AP, 5/12/05)
2005        May 12, Militants assassinated a general and a colonel who were en route to work, and a car bomb exploded near a busy market and movie theater in eastern Baghdad, part of a wave of attacks that killed at least 21 Iraqis and wounded more than 70.
    (AP, 5/12/05)
2005        May 12, In Srinagar, Kashmir, a grenade thrown by suspected Islamic rebels exploded outside a school, killing two women and wounding at least 57 people, many of them schoolchildren and their parents.
    (AP, 5/12/05)
2005        May 12, Latvia’s parliament issued a declaration that said: "The Soviet Union occupied and annexed the Republic of Latvia, destroyed its state system, killed, tortured and deported hundreds of thousands of people, robbed them of their property without any legal reason."
    (AP, 5/15/05)
2005        May 12, Roads in Peru's Colca Canyon were blocked by townspeople demanding a larger share of revenue from tourists who come to see condors soar over the desert-dry moonscape and white-water raft in one of the world's deepest valleys.
    (AP, 5/12/05)
2005        May 12, Nikolai Patrushev, Russia's security chief. said that his agency has uncovered US, British, Kuwaiti and Saudi spy activity that was being conducted under the cover of non-governmental organizations. He also suggested that foreign governments are using NGOs to fund and support changes of power in former Soviet republics.
    (AP, 5/12/05)
2005        May 12, In Andijan, Uzbekistan, supporters of 23 jailed local businessmen stormed the jail where they were held freeing them and other prisoners. The businessmen had been jailed as alleged Islamic extremists.
    (Econ, 10/1/05, p.39)

2005        May 13, The Pentagon proposed the most sweeping changes to its network of military bases in modern history.
    (AP, 5/13/06)
2005        May 13, Michael Ross (45), a serial killer who fought to hasten his own execution and was forced to prove he wasn't out of his mind, was put to death in Connecticut in New England's first execution in 45 years.
    (AP, 5/13/05)(SFC, 5/14/05, p.A4)
2005        May 13, Afghan police and demonstrators clashed, killing at least 4 people, as protests over allegations that interrogators at the US prison in Guantanamo Bay desecrated Islam's holy book spread to more cities.
    (AP, 5/13/05)
2005        May 13, Canada said it would go ahead with plans to send military advisors to Sudan's Darfur region despite Khartoum's insistence that it did not want the troops to enter the country.
    (Reuters, 5/13/05)
2005        May 13, A senior Chinese official met with President Fidel Castro during a visit aimed at cementing political and economic ties between the two communist nations.
    (AP, 5/14/05)
2005        May 13, East Timor finished talks in Sydney, Australia, that managed to overcome 2 main sticking points on their maritime border and revenue from the Greater Sunrise gasfield. They agreed to defer the boundary issue for 50 years along with a 50% revenue split.
    (Econ, 5/21/05, p.46)
2005        May 13, John Jairo Velasquez, the man who directed hit teams for drug kingpin Pablo Escobar, said that Alberto Santofimio Botero, a former top politician, was behind the 1989 assassination of Colombia’s leading presidential candidate Luis Carlos Galan.
    (AP, 5/13/05)
2005        May 13, In India's southern Andhra Pradesh state police shot dead six opposition party supporters, sparking a riot in which hundreds of political activists stoned to death a policeman and burned cars and trucks.
    (AP, 5/13/05)
2005        May 13, Indonesia reported that researchers had found a strain of bird flu in pigs on Java, and feared the virus could spread to humans.
    (SSFC, 5/15/05, p.A14)
2005        May 13, Iraq announced it has renewed its state of emergency for another 30 days following two weeks of insurgent-led violence that killed hundreds of people.
    (AP, 5/13/05)
2005        May 13, Hezbollah shelled Israeli positions in the disputed Chebaa Farms near the border, and the Israeli army returned fire in the heaviest exchange in months between Israel and the Lebanese guerrilla force.
    (AP, 5/13/05)
2005        May 13, Pres. Fox praised the dedication of Mexicans working in the US, saying they're willing to take jobs that "even blacks" won't do. Pres. Fox apologized for his comments a few days later saying he regretted any hurt feelings his statements may have caused.
    (AP, 5/17/05)(SFC, 5/17/05, p.A3)
2005        May 13, Russia struck a landmark deal to repay up to $15 billion it owes to the West, sealing its rapid transformation from economic basket case to emerging markets powerhouse. The deal crowns Finance Minister Alexei Kudrin's drive to use Russia's growing oil wealth to reduce the $43 billion it owes to the Club's other 18 members.
    (AP, 5/13/05)
2005        May 13, The 2 main rebel groups fighting in Sudan's Darfur region announced they were willing to resume stalled peace talks, dropping their previous conditions for new negotiations.
    (AP, 5/13/05)
2005        May 13, In southern Thailand a roadside bomb exploded near a passing military truck, killing two Thai marines and seriously wounding eight others.
    (AP, 5/13/05)
2005        May 13, In Andijan, Uzbekistan, soldiers opened fire on thousands of protesters after demonstrators stormed a jail to free 23 local businessmen accused of Islamic extremism. The next day Pres. Karimov said 10 soldiers were killed in the clash. An estimated 700-1000 demonstrators were killed. The Uzbek government put the death toll at 187.
    (AP, 5/13/05)(SSFC, 5/15/05, p.A10)(Econ, 10/1/05, p.39)
2005        May 13, Pope Benedict XVI appointed SF Archbishop William Levada (68) as the new prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, the Vatican’s top arbiter of questions of faith and morals.
    (SFC, 5/14/05, p.A1)

2005        May 14, The retired aircraft carrier USS America sank to the bottom of the Atlantic Ocean following a series of explosions over 25 days.
    (AP, 5/21/05)
2005        May 14, In Brazil more than 12,000 landless farmers who have marched nearly 125 miles to protest the slow pace of land reform reached the outskirts of Brasilia.
    (AP, 5/15/05)
2005        May 14, Congo's legislature adopted a constitution that reduces the required age for presidential candidates, a change that would allow President Joseph Kabila to stand in the country's next elections.
    (AP, 5/15/05)
2005        May 14, A magnitude 6.9 undersea earthquake rocked Indonesia's Sumatra island.
    (AP, 5/14/05)
2005        May 14, In Iraq insurgents staged a series of attacks, killing at least 9 people. The US military wrapped up Operation Matador, a major offensive in a remote desert region near the Syrian border.
    (AP, 5/14/05)(AP, 5/14/06)
2005        May 14, In Indian Kashmir suspected Muslim rebels shot dead the brother of an ex-militant who became a moderate separatist leader.
    (AFP, 5/14/05)
2005        May 14, In western Nepal government soldiers rescued about 600 students who were abducted from their classrooms in a series of bold strikes by communist rebels.
    (AP, 5/15/05)
2005        May 14, Russian security forces and police killed six suspected militants, including two female suicide bombers, who had holed up in an apartment in Cherkessk. Russian forces in Chechnya killed 4 rebels including former separatist vice president Vakha Arsanov.
    (AP, 5/15/05)
2005        May 14, Warlords began withdrawing thousands of militia fighters from the Somali capital in a bid to restore order after more than 15 years of anarchy and civil war.
    (AP, 5/15/05)
2005        May 14, A surprise election victory for Taiwan's ruling Democratic Progressive Party (DPP), marred by a record-low voter turnout, gave a limited endorsement of President Chen Shui-bian's policy of standing up to China.
    (AP, 5/15/05)
2005        May 13, Turkish soldiers killed 9 Kurdish rebels in Turkey's predominantly Kurdish southeast. Automatic weapons, plastic explosives, grenades, and a rocket-propelled grenade launcher were seized in the operation. A Syrian citizen was among those killed.
    (AP, 5/14/05)
2005        May 14, Thousands of terrified Uzbeks waiting to flee across the border into Kyrgyzstan stormed government buildings, torched police cars and attacked border guards in a 2nd day of violence spawned by an uprising against the iron-fisted rule of US-allied Pres. Islam Karimov.
    (AP, 5/14/05)

2005        May 15, Newsweek, in its May 23rd edition, issued a partial apology for a story from its May 9th edition that said US interrogators at Guantanamo Bay prison flushed a Quran, the Muslim holy book, down a toilet. The next day, under pressure from the Bush administration and others, Newsweek retracted the story.
    (SFC, 5/17/05, p.A1)(Econ, 5/21/05, p.32)
2005        May 15, Algerian Islamic militants with alleged links to al Qaeda killed 11 soldiers in the worst attack on government troops in months.
    (AP, 5/16/05)
2005        May 15, In southern Bangladesh at least 22 people have died and over 70 are missing after a twin-deck ferry with more than 100 aboard sank on the Char Kazal river during a storm.
    (AP, 5/16/05)
2005        May 15, The Czech Republic denied Canada its third straight title and won the world ice hockey championship 3-0 in Vienna, Austria.
    (AP, 5/15/06)
2005        May 15, Ethiopia held elections. EU monitors later said the elections did not meet int’l. standards. Ethiopia's opposition soon claimed major gains in the unprecedented open parliamentary election that drew a turnout of 90%. Post election violence left close to 200 people dead.
    (WSJ, 8/26/05, p.A1)(AP, 5/16/05)(AP, 12/22/09)
2005        May 15, The bodies of 46 men shot execution-style were found dumped at an abandoned chicken farm, a trash-strewn lot and an insurgent stronghold west of the capital. Gunmen in two cars shot dead Industry Ministry official Col. Jassam Mohammed al-Lahibi and his driver in western Baghdad's Ghazaliyah neighborhood. attackers killed Shiite cleric Sheik Qassim al-Gharawi and his nephew in the capital's New Baghdad neighborhood. 2 explosions detonated about five minutes apart in a busy street as residents were heading to work in Baqouba killing four people and wounding 37.
    (AP, 5/15/05)(SFC, 5/16/05, p.A1)
2005        May 15, Gunmen freed the kidnapped governor of Iraq's western Anbar province after US troops ended a weeklong offensive in the region. 125 insurgents were reported killed along with 9 US soldiers in Operation Matador.
    (AP, 5/15/05)(WSJ, 5/16/05, p.A1)
2005        May 15, Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice paid a surprise visit to Iraq to express support for its new government.
    (AP, 5/15/06)
2005        May 15, In Saudi Arabia 3 reform advocates were sentenced to terms ranging from six to nine years in prison, prompting a human rights activist to call their trial a "farce."
    (AP, 5/15/05)
2005        May 15, Ali al-Dimeeni (al-Domeini), already jailed more than a year in a Saudi prison outside Riyadh, was sentenced to nine years in prison for sowing dissent, disobeying his rulers and sedition. His 1998 novel "A Gray Cloud," centered on a dissident jailed for years in a desert nation prison where many others have done time for their political views.
    (AP, 5/25/05)(Econ, 5/21/05, p.51)
2005        May 15, In eastern Uzbekistan groups of attackers killed several soldiers before fleeing across the border into Kyrgyzstan. About 500 bodies were laid out in nearby Tefektosh, where troops fired on a crowd of protesters.
    (AP, 5/15/05)

2005        May 16, A US Senate report detailing alleged misuse of the program said almost one third of the oil allocations granted under the United Nations' 1996 to 2003 Iraqi Oil-for-Food program went to Russian parties or individuals.
    (AFP, 5/16/05)
2005        May 16, The US Supreme Court in Swedenburg v. Kelly ruled 5-4 that wine lovers may buy directly from out-of-state vineyards if those states allow direct shipments from in-state wineries. Vintner Juanita Swedenburg (1925-2007) had filed her suit against a New York state law in 2000.
    (AP, 5/16/05)(SFC, 5/17/05, p.A1)(WSJ, 6/16/07, p.A6)
2005        May 16, Army Specialist Sabrina Harman was convicted at Fort Hood, Texas, of six of the seven charges she faced for her role in the mistreatment of Iraqi prisoners at Abu Ghraib. She was sentenced to six months in prison after testimony about her acts of kindness toward Iraqis before she became an Abu Ghraib guard.
    (AP, 5/16/06)
2005        May 16, Newsweek magazine retracted its Quran abuse story that sparked deadly protests in Afghanistan that left about 15 people dead and scores injured.
    (AP, 5/16/06)
2005        May 16, In Coeur d’Alene, Idaho, police found Mark McKenzie (37), Brenda (40) and Slade Groene (13) bound and slain.  Shasta Groene (8) and Dylan Groene (9) were missing. Shasta was found alive July 2.
    (AP, 5/18/05)(SSFC, 7/3/05, p.A18)
2005        May 16, In Afghanistan 4 armed men kidnapped Clementina Cantoni (32), an Italian relief worker, from her car in Kabul. Authorities described the group as thieves.
    (AP, 5/17/05)
2005        May 16, In Brazil thousands of landless farmers, organized as the Movement of Landless Rural Workers (MST), swarmed into Brasilia.
    (Econ, 5/21/05, p.39)
2005        May 16, In Brazil the Indian rights group Survival International said logging companies were cutting down the forest in the Rio Pardo area, about 1,400 miles northwest of Rio de Janeiro, despite repeated reports that there were isolated Indians in the region.
    (AP, 5/16/05)
2005        May 16, Many French workers ignored the new national "Day of Solidarity," an extra work day in place of the annual Pentecost holiday, that was part of the government's response to a 2003 heat wave that killed 15,000 people. Under a new law workers give up a holiday, while their employers pay into a government fund to improve health care for the aged and handicapped.
    (AP, 5/15/05)(WSJ, 5/17/05, p.A10)
2005        May 16, In southern India firecrackers illegally stored in a home in Hassan exploded, killing eight people.
    (AP, 5/16/05)
2005        May 16, In Iraq 8 more bodies were found executed by insurgents. Attacks left at least 24 Iraqis dead.
    (WSJ, 5/17/05, p.A1)(SFC, 5/17/05, p.A1)
2005        May 16, The Kuwait Parliament extended political rights to women, but religious fundamentalists who opposed women's suffrage succeeded in attaching a clause requiring future female politicians and voters to abide by Islamic law.
    (AP, 5/16/05)
2005        May 16, Mexican President Vicente Fox regretted any hurt feelings for saying that Mexicans in the United States were doing the work that even blacks wouldn't.
    (AP, 5/16/06)
2005        May 16, Nepalese troops resumed their search for hundreds of children taken hostage by Maoist insurgents in the mountains of western Nepal. In the latest fighting, 4 rebels, 3 army soldiers and a policeman were killed in Sandheni area, about 100 miles southeast of Kathmandu. Meanwhile, Nepal's anti-corruption agency charged former Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba and five others with embezzling $53 million.
    (AP, 5/16/05)
2005        May 16, Senior Russian officials said Russia is prepared to reduce its strategic nuclear arsenal below 1,500 warheads, less than the level agreed to with the United States, but Moscow is concerned about nuclear threats on its border.
    (AP, 5/17/05)
2005        May 16, In Sri Lanka at least one man was killed and four wounded in fresh violence, as international aid donors tried to nudge the island's warring parties to revive peace talks.
    (AFP, 5/17/05)
2005        May 16, In Turkey 2 Kurdish guerillas trying to attack the home of a Turkish governor were killed after police fired on them as they approached the building.
    (AP, 5/16/05)
2005        May 16, Gunfire persisted in the eastern city of Andijan where Uzbek security forces fired on protesters last week, a clash that reportedly left several hundred dead. New accounts emerged that violence in nearby towns killed hundreds more.
    (AP, 5/16/05)

2005        May 17, The US Department of Homeland Security said it detained Luis Posada Carriles, after the longtime Castro opponent granted interviews to TV stations and The Miami Herald for the first time since surfacing in the United States two months ago.
    (AP, 5/18/05)
2005        May 17, British lawmaker George Galloway denounced US senators in testimony on Capitol Hill, denying accusations that he'd profited from the UN oil-for-food program and accusing them of unfairly tarnishing his name.
    (AP, 5/17/06)
2005        May 17, Los Angeles Councilman Antonio Villaraigosa (52) trounced Mayor James Hahn to become the city's first Hispanic mayor in more than a century as voters embraced the promise of change in a metropolis troubled by gridlock, gangs and failing schools.
    (AP, 5/18/05)
2005        May 17, Toyota said it will build a gasoline-electric hybrid version of the Camry at its plant in Georgetown, Ky.
    (WSJ, 5/18/05, p.D4)
2005        May 17, Frank Gorshin (72), actor, died in Burbank, Ca. He played the Riddler on the Batman TV series (1966-1969).
    (SFC, 5/19/05, p.B7)
2005        May 17, In Bolivia a measure increasing taxes on foreign oil companies became law. It slapped a 32% production tax on top of royalties of 18% paid by producers of natural gas and oil. The president and thousands of street protesters wanted the industry nationalized.
    (AP, 5/18/05)(Econ, 5/21/05, p.42)
2005        May 17, PM Tony Blair unveiled plans to shake up Britain's welfare state, tackle terrorism and introduce Britain's first national ID card since WW II in a challenging third term agenda that could spark revolt in his restive Labour Party and test his waning authority.
    (AP, 5/18/05)
2005        May 17, In Canada British Columbians re-elected Premier Gordon Campbell's Liberal government, but voters resoundingly signaled they wanted to end the government's free ride, electing more than 30 New Democrats.
    (AP, 5/18/05)
2005        May 17, Eritrean President Issaias Afeworki met with Sudan Pres. Omar al-Beshir in Tripoli, Libya. Beshir demanded that Eritrea refrain from harboring armed Sudanese opposition and stops offering assistance to that opposition.
    (AP, 5/17/05)
2005        May 17, Ethiopia's ruling party claimed to have won just over half the seats in parliamentary elections, but opposition leaders said it was still too early to tell who would form the next government.
    (AP, 5/17/05)
2005        May 17, In northern India a bus carrying a wedding party fell into a mountain gorge, killing 37 people and injuring 20 others.
    (AP, 5/17/05)
2005        May 17, In Baghdad gunmen killed a Shiite Muslim cleric, and two missing Sunni clerics were found shot dead. Gunmen abducted and killed former Baath Party member Kanis Mohammed al-Janabi and his three sons, aged 17 to 25 in Tunis.
    (AP, 5/17/05)
2005        May 17, Cyrus Kar, Iranian-American filmmaker, was arrested by Iraqi security forces after washing machine timers were found in the trunk of a taxi in which he was traveling. He was in Iraq to film footage on the ancient Persian king Cyrus the Great. Kar was released July 10. In 2006 Kar sued US military officials for his 55-day detention.
    (SFC, 7/7/05, p.A18)(AP, 7/10/05)(SFC, 7/8/06, p.A3)
2005        May 17, In Kashmir suspected Muslim rebels threw a grenade at a group of mourners in Srinagar, killing two and wounding at least 20. Earlier in the day suspected rebels killed four villagers by slitting their throats on the outskirts of Srinagar.
    (AP, 5/17/05)
2005        May 17, In southeastern Nigeria hundreds of youths stormed a police station and set fire to cars after a protester was fatally shot by a police rifle.
    (AP, 5/17/05)
2005        May 17, Russian security services killed Alash Daudov, a prominent Chechen rebel wanted for a series of planned chemical attacks.
    (AP, 5/17/05)
2005        May 17, Russia and Venezuela signed a contract for 100,000 Russian assault rifles to be provided to the Latin American nation.
    (AP, 5/18/05)
2005        May 17, Spain’s Parliament approved a resolution authorizing a “negotiated end" to almost 40 years of separatist violence. Parliament backed Socialist PM Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero's offer of talks with ETA if its groups end violence.
    (WSJ, 5/18/05, p.A12)(AP, 3/22/06)
2005        May 17, The captain of the Greenpeace boat, "The Rainbow Warrior," was sentenced to six months in prison for disobedience during a protest against the war in Iraq in 2003. The case stemmed from the detention of five men on March 14, 2003, for staging a protest aboard the boat captained by Daniel Rizzotti, an Argentine citizen, near the U.S.-Spanish Rota naval base in southern Spain.
    (AP, 5/17/05)
2005        May 17, Uzbekistan's top prosecutor said that 169 people were killed in last week's violence in the eastern town of Andijan. opposition activists maintained more than 700 died, most of them civilians.
    (AP, 5/17/05)(AP, 5/18/05)
2005        May 17, In Vietnam an international consortium led by French group Technip signed a 1.5-billion-dollar deal to build Vietnam's first oil refinery.
    (AP, 5/17/05)
2005        May 17, The UN WHO health agency said confirmed polio cases reached 83 in Yemen. The country was believed to have been free of the disease until last month.
    (AP, 5/18/05)

2005        May 18, President Bush offered his unqualified support for Egypt's political reform process as he received PM Ahmed Nazief at the White House.
    (AP, 5/18/06)
2005        May 18, An Internet audiotape was posted, purportedly by al-Qaida-in-Iraq leader Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, In which he justifies the deaths of fellow Muslims in attacks against US troops and their Iraqi allies by saying that jihad, or holy war, dwarfs all other concerns.
    (AP, 5/18/05)
2005        May 18-2005 May 19, Suspected Taliban militants ambushed and killed 11 Afghans working on a US-funded project to end opium farming in Helmand province. Chemonics, which employed 14,000 people, suspended operations.
    (AP, 5/18/05)(AP, 5/19/05)(Econ, 7/16/05, p.40)
2005        May 18, In Afghanistan Shaima Rezayee (24), a host on an MTV-style music show, was shot dead in the head at her Kabul home.
    (AP, 5/20/05)
2005        May 18, Cambodia's legislature ratified a pact with the US exempting each country's citizens from extradition for prosecution by the International Criminal Court, an agreement sought by Washington to avoid political trials of its citizens.
    (AP, 5/18/05)
2005        May 18, A UN report said Rwandan Hutu rebels operating in eastern Congo have killed, raped, or kidnapped more than 900 civilians over the past year.
    (AP, 5/18/05)
2005        May 18, Authorities in the Republic of Congo quarantined two districts hit by the deadly Ebola virus to ensure the highly contagious disease does not spread.
    (AP, 5/21/05)
2005        May 18, Egyptian security detained 56 men in northern Egypt in the latest of a series of sweeps against the banned but usually tolerated Muslim Brotherhood.
    (AP, 5/18/05)
2005        May 18, Ethiopia's two main opposition parties claimed victory in parliamentary elections seen as a test of the African nation's commitment to democracy, saying they have won enough seats to form a government.
    (AP, 5/18/05)
2005        May 18, Hong Kong said it would place a cap on its currency's exchange rate to the U.S dollar, but an official denied that the move signaled China would soon revalue its currency.
    (AP, 5/18/05)
2005        May 18, Insurgents gunned down a senior Iraqi Interior Ministry official and the bodies of seven men shot in the head were found dumped west of Baghdad.
    (AP, 5/18/05)
2005        May 18, An Israeli aircraft fired at a group of Hamas militants who were about to shoot mortar shells at a Jewish settlement in the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 5/18/05)
2005        May 18, Police arrested nine terror suspects during raids in northern Italy in what they said was a crackdown on extremist cells accused of planning attacks in Italy and abroad.
    (AP, 5/18/05)
2005        May 18, In Petra, Jordan, Elie Wiesel, the Dalai Lama and other Nobel Prize laureates debated solutions to challenges facing the modern world.
    (AP, 5/18/05)
2005        May 18, Spain's Senate ratified the new European Union constitution, becoming the ninth country to approve the landmark document.
    (AP, 5/18/05)
2005        May 18, In Sudan at least 17 people were killed in clashes between refugees and police in a squatter area some 10 kilometers (six miles) east of Khartoum.
    (AFP, 5/19/05)
2005        May 18, A Muslim rebel group claimed it had seized control of Korasuv, a small Uzbek town on the border of Kyrgyzstan, and vowed to build an Islamic state.
    (AP, 5/18/05)

2005        May 19, The film “Star Wars: Episode III – Revenge of the Sith," premiered.
    (WSJ, 5/19/05, p.A1)
2005        May 19, Republicans and Democrats tangled over President Bush's judicial nominees and the Senate's filibuster rules, with Democrats accusing Bush of trying to "rewrite the Constitution" and Republicans accusing Democrats of "unprecedented obstruction."
    (AP, 5/19/06)
2005        May 19, J.P. Morgan Chase introduced a no-swipe plastic credit card that used an embedded chip and RFID technology as well as the usual magnetic strip.
    (SFC, 5/20/05, p.C1)
2005        May 19, The US FCC voted to require internet phone companies to offer 911 service.
    (Econ, 5/28/05, p.67)
2005        May 19, UN health officials said death from the Angola Marburg fever outbreak had exceeded 300.
    (WSJ, 5/20/05, p.A1)
2005        May 19, British researchers reported the creation of the country's first, and the world's second (South Korea), cloned human embryo.
    (AP, 5/20/05)
2005        May 19, The Canada House of Commons split 152-152 on a confidence motion and it took a vote by the parliament speaker to give Martin's minority government its one-vote victory.
    (AP, 5/20/05)
2005        May 19, Five Chilean soldiers froze to death and 65 were missing after a fierce snowstorm pounded the Andes mountains.
    (AP, 5/20/05)
2005        May 19, In northern China a large gas explosion in a coal mine left at least 51 workers trapped. 40 bodies were later found and 10 remained missing.
    (AP, 5/19/05)(AP, 5/22/05)
2005        May 19, Colombian rebels ambushed a police convoy and fought government forces along the border with Ecuador in separate attacks, killing at least 13 police.
    (AP, 5/20/05)
2005        May 19, In Egypt authorities detained 14 members of the opposition Muslim Brotherhood in the south in a crackdown on the large Islamist movement. The number of detained rose to more than 780.
    (Reuters, 5/20/05)
2005        May 19, Indonesia lifted 2 years of emergency rule in Aceh.
    (WSJ, 5/19/05, p.A1)
2005        May 19, Iraq's prime minister called on Syria to block the infiltration of foreign fighters trying to start a civil war. 25 Iraqis, including an Oil Ministry engineer, and 4 US soldiers were reported killed in the ongoing daily bloodshed. Oil Ministry employee Ali Hamid Alwan al-Dulaimy (31) walked out of his house toward his car when three men firing pistols from a minivan killed him.
    (AP, 5/19/05)(WSJ, 5/20/05, p.A1)
2005        May 19, South Korea scientists announced the creation of 11 different stem cell lines matching the DNA of human patients with a variety of diseases. The work was later discredited.
    (SSFC, 5/29/05, p.A17)(AP, 12/23/05)
2005        May 19, The leaders of Togo's bitterly divided ruling and opposition parties, meeting in Nigeria, failed to agree on a power-sharing deal to end a bloody post-election crisis.
    (AFP, 5/20/05)
2005        May 19, Uzbekistan troops retook an eastern Uzbek town from rebels who said they would build an Islamic state, arresting the group's leaders. Uzbekistan said it opposes an int’l. investigation into Andijan.
    (AP, 5/19/05)(WSJ, 9/2/05, p.A13)

2005        May 20, The US military condemned the publication of photographs showing an imprisoned Saddam Hussein naked except for his white underwear, and ordered an investigation of how the pictures were leaked to a British tabloid.
    (AP, 5/20/06)
2005        May 20, A federal judge in SF tossed out half of the convictions against former Ukrainian Prime Minister Pavlo Lazarenko in a multi-count money-laundering and fraud verdict, but refused to grant a new trial.
    (AP, 5/21/05)
2005        May 20, Illinois lawmakers voted to have the state sell off about $1 billion worth of investments in companies doing business with Sudan, part of a nationwide campaign to protest genocide in the African nation.
    (AP, 5/20/05)
2005        May 20, US Airways and America West merged in a $1.5 billion deal.
    (SFC, 5/20/05, p.C1)
2005        May 20-2005 May 23, In Arizona 12 illegal immigrants were reported dead while crossing the border under triple digit heat.
    (SFC, 5/23/05, p.A3)
2005        May 20, Australia stepped up diplomatic efforts to stop Japan from increasing its whale hunt, saying up to 35 countries were opposed to the plan.
    (Reuters, 5/20/05)
2005        May 20, Officials said 3 ferry accidents in Bangladesh in the past week left at least 133 people dead as hope faded for 187 people still missing.
    (AP, 5/20/05)
2005        May 20, British scientists reported the discovery of a new species of monkey in Tanzania, the Lophocebus kipunji.
    (SFC, 5/21/05, p.A1)
2005        May 20, A bus crash north of Edmonton killed 6 people. RCMP later charged truck driver Inderjit Singh Virk (32), of Brampton, Ontario, with dangerous driving.
    (CP, 11/28/05)
2005        May 20, Young Chilean soldiers who made it out of a blizzard alive said they had to leave behind comrades who collapsed from exhaustion and cold. The soldiers were on a training march in the Andes Mountains May 18, when hit by the worst snowstorm in the area in decades. As many as 41 soldiers, 40 draftees and one officer, were believed to have died.
    (AP, 5/21/05)
2005        May 20, Chinese state media reported China is to lift a decades-old ban on mainland tourists visiting political rival Taiwan. Ultimately, however, it was up to the Taiwan government to decide whether the floodgates should be opened.
    (Reuters, 5/20/05)
2005        May 20, In northern China 20 people died in mine explosions in two neighboring mines in Shanxi province.
    (AP, 5/22/05)
2005        May 20, Ashraf Saeed Youssef (27), ringleader of 3 recent attacks that targeted Western tourists in Egypt, died in the Cairo hospital he'd been transferred to a week ago for treatment after hitting his head several times against the wall of his prison cell.
    (AP, 5/21/05)
2005        May 20, Hurricane Adrian slammed into El Salvador, unleashing torrential rains in an area prone to devastating floods and forcing some 14,000 people to seek higher ground.
    (AP, 5/20/05)
2005        May 20, The EU and NATO called for an int’l. investigation into the May 13 suppression of protestors at Andijan, Uzbekistan.
    (WSJ, 9/2/05, p.A13)
2005        May 20, The Finnish paper industry, which accounts for 15% of world production, remained at a standstill after labor talks between unions and employers ended without resolution.
    (AP, 5/20/05)
2005        May 20, Paul Ricoeur (92), a French philosopher whose broad interests included biblical interpretation and the study of human perception, died.
    (AP, 5/21/05)
2005        May 20, In Guatemala an angry mob in the remote settlement of Cruz Chich set fire to 6 people accused of forming a band of robbers, killing 4 as authorities tried to stop the violence.
    (AP, 5/23/05)
2005        May 20, Thousands of Shiites, many waving Islam's holy book over their heads, protested the US presence in Iraq. Sunnis shut down places of worship elsewhere in a show of anger over alleged sectarian violence against the minority.
    (AP, 5/20/05)
2005        May 20, Palestinian militants fired six anti-tank missiles and a mortar round and opened up with light arms at a Jewish settlement in the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 5/20/05)
2005        May 20, A bomb exploded in an apartment building in southern Russia's Dagestan region, killing the area's minister for ethnic relations and his bodyguard.
    (AP, 5/21/05)
2005        May 20, Syrian Ambassador Imad Moustapha said Syria has cut off military and intelligence cooperation with the US over the last 10 days amid strains in relations between the two countries over the insurgency in Iraq.
    (AP, 5/24/05)

2005        May 21, Afleet Alex regained his footing and his drive after being cut off by Scrappy T in a frightening collision and breezed home to win the Preakness Stakes; Kentucky Derby winner Giacomo finished third.
    (AP, 5/21/06)
2005        May 21, In Oakland, Ca., groundbreaking took place for the new Cathedral of Christ the Light at the northwest tip of Lake Merritt. It was built on the site of an 1893 neo-Gothic brick church damaged by the 1989 earthquake. The $131 million Catholic project was designed by Craig Hartman. Completion was expected in 2008. Dedication ceremonies for the $190 million cathedral were later set for Sep 25, 2008.
    (SSFC, 5/22/05, p.A1)(SFC, 9/13/08, p.A7)(WSJ, 2/18/09, p.D7)
2005        May 21, In east Cleveland, Ohio, a fire broke out during a sleepover at a crowded house, killing Medeia Carter (33), 4 of her children and 4 other children. In 2010 a judge ruled that suspect Antun Lewis (27) is mentally disabled and can’t face execution. On Feb 14, 2011, Lewis was convicted for the arson deaths.
    (AP, 5/22/05)(SFC, 12/28/10, p.A6)(SFC, 2/15/11, p.A10)
2005        May 21, In NYC a Cessna 172S crashed at Coney Island killing all 4 people aboard.
    (SSFC, 5/22/05, p.A4)
2005        May 21, Howard Morris (85), best known for playing poetry-spouting hillbilly Ernest T. Bass on the "Andy Griffith Show," died at his home in the Hollywood section of Los Angeles.
    (AP, 5/23/05)
2005        May 21, In eastern Afghanistan fighting between insurgents and US-led coalition and Afghan forces left 12 rebels dead and one U.S. soldier slightly wounded. In southern Afghanistan a bomb exploded near a U.S. military patrol, killing one American soldier and wounding two others.
    (AP, 5/21/05)(AP, 5/22/05)
2005        May 21, Azerbaijani protesters demanding free elections were beaten back by police, who arrested dozens as they broke up a banned rally.
    (AP, 5/21/05)
2005        May 21, The Belgian film “The Child," by Jean-Pierre and Luc Dardenne, won the Palme d’Or at the Cannes Film Festival.
    (SSFC, 5/22/05, p.A2)
2005        May 21, China ordered emergency measures to prevent an outbreak of avian flu after investigators said migratory birds found dead in a western province this month were killed by the virus.
    (AP, 5/21/05)
2005        May 21-2005 May 22, Some 160 delegates from Cuba’s opposition movement held an assembly in Havana without government interference.
    (Econ, 5/28/05, p.40)
2005        May 21, Germany's prestigious Academy of Arts was reopened at its pre-World War II site next to Berlin's Brandenburg Gate.
    (AP, 5/21/05)
2005        May 21, Sunni groups joined forces to form a political and religious organization to represent the minority as it seeks to gain influence in Iraq's new Shiite-dominated government.
    (AP, 5/21/05)
2005        May 21, In South Korea Chung Se-yung (76) died in Seoul. He helped build Hyundai Motor Co. into one of the world’s biggest car companies.
    (SFC, 5/23/05, p.B4)
2005        May 21, In Libya reporter Daif al-Ghazal (32) was taken from the northern city of Benghazi by armed men and taken to an unknown location. His body was found a week later.
    (AP, 6/5/05)
2005        May 21, In Lahore, Pakistan, some 300 male and female runners participated in .06-mile footrace in a symbolic victory for co-ed running.
    (SFC, 6/1/05, p.A8)
2005        May 21, The Palestinian interior ministry said the Hamas militant group has agreed to halt mortar and rocket fire on Jewish settlements in the Gaza Strip, a deal meant to save a truce threatened by three consecutive days of violence.
    (AP, 5/21/05)
2005        May 21, In central Peru a passenger bus plunged off a bridge into a river on, killing at least 35 people and injuring 30 others.
    (AP, 5/21/05)
2005        May 21, In South Africa several hundred people, most of them white, demonstrated to protest a proposal to change the capital's name from Pretoria, the name given to it by white settlers, to Tshwane, as the site was once known to its original African inhabitants.
    (AP, 5/22/05)
2005        The Eurovision song contest was held in Kiev, Ukraine.
    (Econ, 5/14/05, p.57)
2005        May 21, In eastern Venezuela armed gunmen stole a 2nd government-owned helicopter before dawn after taking 3 security guards hostage at an airport in Ciudad Bolivar.
    (AP, 5/21/05)

2005        May 22, First Lady Laura Bush was heckled by protesters during a visit to holy sites in Jerusalem.
    (AP, 5/22/06)
2005        May 22, Voice actor Thurl Ravenscroft (91), who supplied Tony the Tiger's "They're grrrrreeeat!" for more than 50 years, died in Fullerton, Calif.
    (AP, 5/22/06)
2005        May 22, Egyptian authorities arrested the 4th-highest official in the powerful Muslim Brotherhood and 25 others. Mahmoud Ezzat, secretary-general of the Islamist group and head of its Cairo operations, is the highest-profile Brotherhood arrest since 1996.
    (AP, 5/22/05)
2005        May 22, In India bombs tore through 2 cinemas in New Delhi showing a film considered offensive by some Sikhs.
    (AP, 5/23/05)
2005        May 22, Seven Iraqi battalions backed by US forces launched an offensive in Baghdad in an effort to stanch the violence that has killed more than 550 people in less than a month.
    (AP, 5/22/05)
2005        May 22, In Iraq gunmen killed a top trade ministry official while aides of a radical Shiite cleric met with a key Sunni group seeking to ease sectarian tensions.
    (AP, 5/22/05)
2005        May 22, In Iraq 3 Romanian journalists and their Iraqi-American guide were freed after nearly two months in captivity. Mohammed Munaf, their Iraqi-American translator, was later tried and convicted on charges that he assisted in the kidnapping. In 2006 Munaf was sentenced to death.
    (AP, 5/22/05)(SSFC, 10/15/06, p.A20)
2005        May 22, Jordan, Israel and the Palestinian Authority said they had agreed terms for a feasibility study on transferring water from the Red Sea to the Dead Sea, to save the world's lowest sea from vanishing.
    (AP, 5/22/05)
2005        May 22, A North Korean cargo ship arrived in South Korea to pick up fertilizer, the first such vessel from the isolated communist nation to dock here in 21 years.
    (AP, 5/22/05)
2005        May 22, A top Kyrgyz official said Uzbeks who fled into neighboring Kyrgyzstan to escape violence in their Central Asian country are not refugees and must return home.
    (AP, 5/22/05)
2005        May 22, In Mongolia Nambariin Enkhbayar, a candidate from the former Communist Party, won the presidency with 53% of the vote.
    (AP, 5/23/05)
2005        May 22, In Palestine protesters besieged Laura Bush during her visit to two of Jerusalem's most sacred sites.
    (AP, 5/22/05)
2005        May 22, In South Africa 7 teenage girls drowned in a rip tide off the east coast and a boy was missing after a beach outing turned tragic when the swimmers ventured out before lifeguards were on duty.
    (AP, 5/23/05)
2005        May 22, The UN condemned as "utterly unacceptable" the alleged abuse of detainees at the main US base in Afghanistan and called on the American military to allow an investigation by Afghan human rights officials.
    (AP, 5/22/05)

2005        May 23, US Senate moderates reached a bipartisan compromise agreeing on a yes-no vote on some disputed judicial nominees and not to block future ones except in extraordinary circumstances. Republicans agreed to back off a bid to end filibusters in such cases.
    (WSJ, 5/24/05, p.A1)
2005        May 23, President Bush said that US troops in Afghanistan will remain under US control despite Afghan President Hamid Karzai's request for more authority over them.
    (AP, 5/23/05)
2005        May 23, Kansas City rapper Anthony “Fat Tone" Watkins (24) and another man were found shot dead in the Southern Highlands area of Las Vegas. Police later said that a SF rap promoter named Andre Dow, aka “Mac Minister," and Jason Mathis killed the 2 men to avenge the Nov, 2004, killing of Andre “Mac Dre" Hicks in Kansas. Mathis was arrested in 2005 in SF. Dow was arrested in 2006 in SF.
    (SFC, 5/26/05, p.B5)(SFC, 11/29/05, p.A1)(SFC, 3/3/06, p.B7)
2005        May 23, Afghan and coalition forces killed two insurgents in a firefight in central Afghanistan, while US aircraft bombed and destroyed a cave where about six other rebels were believed hiding.
    (AP, 5/24/05)
2005        May 23, Thousands of British Broadcasting Corp. journalists and technicians began a 24-hour strike over proposed job cuts, severely disrupting radio and TV programs.
    (AP, 5/23/05)
2005        May 23, In Shenzhen, China, 16 buildings toppled near the Hong Kong border in what state media said was the largest urban demolition blast ever in China.
    (AP, 5/23/05)
2005        May 23, In eastern Congo militiamen calling themselves Rastas killed at least 18 people and kidnapped at least 50 others in a late-night attack on the village of Ninja, hacking their victims to death as they ran for safety.
    (AP, 5/24/05)
2005        May 23, A Russian-made plane crashed shortly after takeoff near Bunyakiri, Congo, killing 26 people.
    (AP, 5/23/06)
2005        May 23, French anti-terrorist officers captured three suspected members of the Basque separatist group ETA in an early morning sweep in southeast France.
    (AP, 5/23/05)
2005        May 23, A string of car bombs and suicide attacks across Iraq killed at least 49 Iraqis and wounded more than 130. Militants assassinated a top national security official. Five US troops were killed by roadside bombs and a vehicle accident.
    (AP, 5/23/05)(AP, 5/24/05)
2005        May 23, In Ireland a bus full of high school students collided with two cars northwest of Dublin on and tipped over into a ditch, killing five teenage girls and injuring 50 people.
    (AP, 5/24/05)
2005        May 23, Morocco's king pulled out of the first North African summit in more than a decade, over Algeria's latest comments in a long-running dispute over independence for Western Sahara. Moroccan King Mohammed VI will be represented at the two-day summit in Tripoli, Libya, by Morocco's foreign minister, Mohamed Benaissa.
    (AP, 5/23/05)
2005        May 23, The Norwegian Petroleum Directorate announced a wildcat exploration well drilled in the Norwegian Sea has made a promising natural gas strike, although it was too early to say how large.
    (AP, 5/23/05)
2005        May 23, The Palestinian Election Commission said that parliamentary elections scheduled for July 17 will be delayed because it needed more time to prepare for the vote.
    (AP, 5/23/05)
2005        May 23, Ryszard Kalisz, Poland's interior minister, offered his resignation amid reports of growing corruption in police forces around the country.
    (AP, 5/23/05)
2005        May 23, The Vatican said there was no investigation under way of allegations that Rev. Marcial Maciel Degallado, the Mexican founder of a conservative religious order, sexually abused seminarians more than 30 years ago.
    (AP, 5/23/05)
2005        May 23, In Zimbabwe paramilitary units armed with batons and tear gas patrolled Harare's main roads as police warned they would not tolerate any more protests against their crackdown on street trading, the only livelihood for thousands in the shattered economy.
    (AP, 5/23/05)

2005        May 24, Breaking years of gridlock, the Senate cleared the way for confirmation of Priscilla Owen to the US appeals court following a compromise on President Bush's current and future judicial nominees.
    (AP, 5/24/06)
2005        May 24, Ignoring President Bush's veto threat, the House voted to lift limits on embryonic stem cell research.
    (AP, 5/24/06)
2005        May 24, A US State Department brochure, distributed to hundreds of delegates at the 188-nation conference reviewing the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty, listed milestones in arms control since the 1980s, while touting reductions in the US nuclear arsenal. But the timeline omitted a pivotal agreement, the 1996 treaty to ban nuclear tests, a pact negotiated by the Clinton administration and ratified by 121 nations but now rejected under Pres. Bush.
    (AP, 5/25/05)
2005        May 24, Texas lawmakers tentatively voted to give juries the option of sentencing murderers to life in prison without parole.
    (SFC, 5/25/05, p.A3)
2005        May 24, Ismail Merchant (68), film producer, died in London. He collaborated with James Ivory and their films included adaptations of novels by Henry James (e.g. The Europeans) and E.M. Forster (e.g. A Room With A View).
    (SFC, 5/26/05, p.B6)(Econ, 6/4/05, p.82)
2005        May 24, Indigenous leaders from Arctic regions around the world called on the European Union to do more to fight global warming and to consider giving aid to their peoples.
    (AP, 5/24/05)
2005        May 24, In Bolivia thousands of demonstrators blocked major roads in and around La Paz, isolating the city in a protest demanding the nationalization of the oil industry and opposing autonomy for an oil-producing region.
    (AP, 5/24/05)
2005        May 24, The environmental group Greenpeace nominated President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva and five others for its first "Golden Chainsaw" prize, to be awarded to the Brazilian deemed to have contributed most to the Amazon's destruction.
    (AP, 5/25/05)
2005        May 24, The British government approved the extradition of three British bankers the United States is seeking to prosecute on fraud charges involving Enron Corp.
    (AP, 5/24/05)
2005        May 24, In the Central African Republic military strongman Francois Bozize won the May 8 runoff presidential runoff election, a move toward legitimizing his rule two years after he seized power.
    (AP, 5/24/05)
2005        May 24, In Colombia suspected leftist guerrillas carrying assault rifles swept into a southern town and attacked government offices, killing six town councilors and five others.
    (AP, 5/24/05)
2005        May 24, The EU announced that its members would double their aid to poor countries by 2015.
    (Econ, 5/28/05, p.77)
2005        May 24, In Iraq a car bomb exploded near a Baghdad junior high school for girls, killing six people. 3 US soldiers were killed in central Baghdad when a car bomb exploded next to their convoy. A US soldier sitting in the back of a Bradley fighting vehicle at an observation post was shot to death by gunmen in a passing car.
    (AP, 5/24/05)
2005        May 24, A Web site that acts as the clearinghouse for messages from Abu Musab al-Zarqawi said that Iraq's most-wanted militant had been wounded "for the sake of God" and asked Muslims to pray for his recovery.
    (AP, 5/25/05)
2005        May 24, Italian police raided the homes and offices of 186 suspected members of a child pornography ring, including three Roman Catholic priests and a local mayor, that downloaded pictures from an exclusive Web site.
    (AP, 5/24/05)
2005        May 24, In Mexico Eduardo Villalobos, the director of a state prison in the border city of Mexicali, was shot to death in an ambush outside his home.
    (AP, 5/24/05)
2005        May 24, In Pakistan a bomb exploded in the house of a tribal elder in South Waziristan region, killing five women and a child.
    (AP, 5/25/05)
2005        May 24, In Slovenia police said Mitja Ribicic (86), a former Yugoslav secret service leader, has been charged in connection with the revenge killing of thousands of Slovenes following World War II, the first such charge in this ex-Yugoslav republic.
    (AP, 5/24/05)
2005        May 24, NATO Secretary General Jaap de Hoop Scheffer said NATO will offer airlift, training and other logistics support to African Union (AU) forces struggling to end the civil war in Sudan's Darfur region.
    (AP, 5/24/05)
2005        May 24, World Orthodox leaders gathered in Istanbul, the ancient seat of Orthodoxy. They decided to stop recognizing the beleaguered patriarch of Jerusalem, Irineos I, for allegedly leasing sites in the Palestinian side of the city to Jewish investors. They asserted a rare unified position on the crisis facing the church in the Holy Land.
    (AP, 5/24/05)(WSJ, 5/25/05, p.A1)

2005        May 25, Pres. Bush met with Indonesian Pres. Yudhoyono. The US decided to lift a ban on the government sale of non-lethal defense equipment to Indonesia as part of a step-by-step process to restore full military ties frozen due to human rights abuses.
    (AP, 5/26/05)
2005        May 25, The US Senate confirmed Texas Supreme Court Judge Priscilla Owen to serve on the US Court of Appeals in New Orleans.
    (SFC, 5/26/05, p.A3)
2005        May 25, In Michigan City, Ind., Gregory Scott Johnson (40) died by injection at 12:28 a.m. for beating and stomping an 82-year-old woman to death in 1985, then setting her house on fire to hide the crime. Gov. Mitch Daniels rejected a request for a reprieve to allow Johnson to donate part of his liver to his ailing sister.
    (AP, 5/25/05)(SFC, 5/25/05, p.A3)
2005        May 25, Country sweetheart Carrie Underwood won the latest edition of "American Idol."
    (AP, 5/25/06)
2005        May 25, Ismail Merchant (68), half of the prestigious Merchant-Ivory filmmaking team, died in London.
    (AP, 5/25/06)
2005        May 25, In Azerbaijan officials opened the first section of a $3.6 billion, 1,100-mile pipeline that will carry Caspian Sea oil to Western markets. The presidents of Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Georgia and Turkey were on hand for the ceremony at the Sangachal oil terminal.
    (AP, 5/25/05)(WSJ, 5/25/05, p.B2)
2005        May 25, China rolled out the red carpet for Uzbekistan's Pres. Karimov, underscoring the importance it places on curbing the rise of Islamic militancy as it welcomed the authoritarian leader criticized in the West for a bloody crackdown on protesters. China signed a $600 million joint oil venture with Uzbekistan.
    (AP, 5/25/05)(WSJ, 5/26/05, p.A1)
2005        May 25, In Egypt police and plainclothes security men beat and arrested demonstrators calling for a boycott of a government-backed referendum on constitutional changes that would clear the way for Egypt's first multicandidate presidential election.
    (AP, 5/25/05)
2005        May 25, A new plaza on San Salvador's Jerusalem Avenue was inaugurated in honor of the late Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat. Migrants from Palestine flowed to El Salvador for decades in the late 19th and early 20th centuries and several families became prominent in business and politics.
    (AP, 5/25/05)
2005        May 25, About 1,000 US Marines, sailors and soldiers encircled Haditha city in the troubled Anbar province.
    (AP, 5/25/05)
2005        May 25, In India Sunil Dutt (75), sports minister and former Bollywood icon, died after a heart attack.
    (Reuters, 5/25/05)
2005        May 25, In Italy a judge ordered best-selling author Oriana Fallaci to face trial on charges of defaming Islam in her recent book "The Strength of Reason." Fallaci, who is in her 70s, said she is accused of violating an Italian law that prohibits "outrage to religion."
    (AP, 5/26/05)
2005        May 25, Japan and Malaysia agreed to key elements of a free-trade pact, to be launched in December, covering automobiles and most other economic sectors.
    (WSJ, 5/26/05, p.A10)
2005        May 25, In Lebanon Sheik Hassan Nasrallah, Hezbollah's leader, vowed to fight anyone who tries to take away the group's weapons, which he said included more than 12,000 rockets capable of hitting northern Israel.
    (AP, 5/26/05)
2005        May 25, Riot police in Panama City fired tear gas and rubber bullets to disperse people throwing bottles and rocks during a protest by an estimated 10,000 workers and students against proposed changes in the country's pension system.
    (AP, 5/26/05)(WSJ, 5/26/05, p.A1)
2005        May 25, In Russia electricity outages crippled large sections of Moscow and nearby regions. Power was restored the next day.
    (AP, 5/26/05)
2005        May 25, A powerful car bomb exploded in Madrid after a warning call from the armed Basque separatist group ETA. 18 people were injured.
    (AP, 5/25/05)
2005        May 25, In Suriname Pres. Venetiaan faced an electoral challenge from former dictator, Desi Bouterse, a convicted cocaine smuggler and military strongman, whose victory would threaten millions of dollars in promised aid from the Netherlands.
    (AP, 5/25/05)

2005        May 26, President Bush met with Palestinian leader Mohmoud Abbas, praised his steps toward democracy, and said the US will pay $50 million in housing aid for Palestinians in Gaza.
    (AP, 5/26/05)
2005        May 26, Investigators confirmed five cases in which military personnel mishandled the Qurans of Muslim prisoners at Guantanamo Bay, but said they had found no "credible evidence" that a holy book was flushed in a toilet.
    (AP, 5/26/06)
2005        May 26, The US and Ukraine signed an agreement to safeguard nuclear waste and upgrade storage facilities in Ukraine.
    (SFC, 5/27/05, p.A3)
2005        May 26, In Tennessee 4 lawmakers and a member of a powerful political family were indicted on charges of taking bribes in a FBI sting dubbed “Tennessee Waltz." State Sen. John Ford had received payments totaling $55,000 and boasted to undercover agents: “You are talking to the guy that makes the deals."
    (SFC, 5/27/05, p.A12)(Econ, 6/4/05, p.32)
2005        May 26, Eddie Albert (99), actor who moved smoothly from the Broadway stage to nearly 100 movies, died. He found stardom as the constantly befuddled city slicker-turned-farmer in television's "Green Acres."
    (AP, 5/28/05)(SFC, 5/28/05, p.A2)
2005        May 26, Dale Velzy (b.1927), pioneer surfboard builder, died in Mission Viejo, Ca. His famous board, The Pig, was made in 1955. Velzy helped launch the surfing-movie genre by funding Bruce Brown to shoot “Slippery When Wet" (1957).
    (SFC, 5/31/05, p.B4)
2005        May 26, It was reported that Jayant "Jay" Patel (56), an America surgeon born and trained in India and linked to the deaths of at least 87 patients in Australia over two years (2003-2005, had been given glowing references by six colleagues in the United States despite having been cited for negligence there earlier. In 2006 a court issued warrants for Patel’s arrest on three charges of manslaughter and five charges of causing grievous bodily harm to patients at Bundaberg Base Hospital in Queensland. Patel was hired at Bundaberg without disclosing that he had been disciplined for negligence by medical boards in Oregon and New York. In 2008 Patel was arrested by FBI agents in Oregon.
    (AP, 5/26/05)(AP, 11/22/06)(AFP, 3/12/08)
2005        May 26, In Sao Paulo, Brazil, at least 1.5 million evangelical Protestants rallied in the heart of the financial district, demonstrating their growing clout in the world's largest Roman Catholic country. "The purpose of this march, and of all the other ones we have organized over the years, is to conquer Brazil for Jesus Christ."
    (AP, 5/26/05)
2005        May 26, China’s Xinhua news agency reported that China has developed vaccines that block the spread of the deadly H5N1 strain of bird flu among birds and mammals.
    (AP, 5/26/05)
2005        May 26, Pascal Lamy, former European Union trade chief, was named next head of the World Trade Organization (WTO) and immediately vowed to steer struggling free trade talks to a successful end. He was selected on May 13.
    (AP, 5/26/05)(Econ, 5/21/05, p.79)
2005        May 26, Officials announced that a nationwide referendum to open the way for Egypt's first multicandidate presidential elections passed overwhelmingly.
    (AP, 5/26/05)
2005        May 26, In southwestern France protesting winemakers set fire to train cars, pelted them with rocks and blocked rail traffic on their way home from demonstrations in Nimes.
    (AP, 5/26/05)
2005        May 26, India and Pakistan exchanged ideas on ending a two-decade-old military standoff on Kashmir's Siachen glacier, as senior defense officials began a two-day meeting.
    (AP, 5/26/05)
2005        May 26, In northeastern India mudslides killed at least 14 people, burying them alive as they slept in Nagaland state.
    (AP, 5/27/05)
2005        May 26, The WTO agreed to allow Iran to open talks to join the body that governs international commerce, a day after Iranian nuclear negotiators renewed Tehran's vow to refrain from developing atomic weapons.
    (AP, 5/26/05)
2005        May 26, The Iraqi government announced that a security cordon of 40,000 Iraqi soldiers and police will ring Baghdad starting next week to try to halt a spree of insurgent violence. Attacks left 15 Iraqis and one Marine dead.
    (AP, 5/26/05)(WSJ, 5/27/05, p.A1)
2005        May 26, The Iraqi government arrested Musaab Kasser Abdul Rahman Hassan, known as Abu Younis, a suspected member of Abu Musab al-Zarqawi's al-Qaida in Iraq. The government claimed he was responsible for building car bombs and carrying out more than 60 bombings around the capital. The arrest was not announced until June 19.
    (AP, 6/19/05)
2005        May 26, In central Iraq 2 US soldiers were killed when their helicopter was shot down and crashed.
    (AP, 5/27/05)
2005        May 26, Police killed 2 gunmen in a Dublin post office, the first fatal shootings by Ireland's largely unarmed force in five years.
    (AP, 5/26/05)
2005        May 26, The South Africa state agency responsible for names of towns and cities approved plans to rename the capital of Pretoria as Tshwane.
    (AP, 5/26/05)
2005        May 26, International donors pledged an additional $200 million to fund the African Union peacekeeping operation in Sudan's western Darfur region during a conference in Ethiopia to discuss the ongoing violence.
    (AP, 5/26/05)
2005        May 26, Suriname's ruling coalition survived an election challenge from a former dictator. But former dictator Desi Bouterse's National Democratic Party more than doubled its seats in the National Assembly.
    (AP, 5/26/05)
2005        May 26, Syria's UN ambassador said Syria has arrested more than 1,200 people trying to cross the border into Iraq in recent weeks and sent many back to their home countries because of suspicions they were trying to join the insurgency.
    (AP, 5/26/05)
2005        May 26, In Tham Krabok, Thailand, the largest refugee camp for ethnic Hmong, who had fled communist Laos, was officially closed.
    (AP, 5/27/05)

2005        May 27, Speaking out for the first time in favor of controversial base closings, President Bush told the Naval Academy commencement the nation was wasting billions of dollars on unnecessary military facilities and needed the money for the war on terrorism.
    (AP, 5/27/06)
2005        May 27, Testimony ended in the Michael Jackson child molestation trial after prosecutors showed jurors a video of the accuser being interviewed by police and defense lawyers decided not to put on a rebuttal case. Jackson was later acquitted.
    (AP, 5/27/06)
2005        May 27, Pfizer Inc. acknowledged rare cases of blindness in men taking its impotence drug Viagra and said it is in talks with US regulators to change the drug's label.
    (Reuters, 5/27/05)
2005        May 27, A lawyer for Thomas Noe, Ohio coin dealer and Republican Party man, reported that as much as $13 million of the state’s $50 million investment in Noe’s rare coin fund could not be accounted for [see Oct 27].
    (SFC, 5/28/05, p.A4)
2005        May 27, In North Carolina Junior Allen (65) walked out of prison after 35 years in prison for stealing a black-and-white television set.
    (AP, 5/29/05)
2005        May 27, Schapelle Corby (27), an Australian woman, was convicted and sentenced to 20 years in prison for smuggling nine pounds of marijuana onto Indonesia's Bali island. In 2012 the justice ministry recommended granting clemency Corby. Lawyers argued she had gone insane after being jailed in Bali’s Kerobokan prison. Her sentenced was reduced by 5 years. Corby was released on Feb 10, 2014.
    (AP, 5/27/05)(AFP, 4/4/12)(AFP, 5/21/12)(AP, 2/10/14)
2005        May 27, Thousands of HSBC staff belonging to the Amicus trade union staged the biggest walk-out for more than eight years against a leading British bank when they went on strike in a bitter pay dispute.
    (AFP, 5/27/05)
2005        May 27, Chechen warlord Shamil Basayev claimed responsibility for a power outage that caused chaos in Moscow. Rebels said they burned a Moscow theater and caused the blackout.
    (AP, 5/27/05)(WSJ, 5/31/05, p.A1)
2005        May 27, In Colombia Diego Fernando Murillo, a right-wing (AUC) paramilitary leader accused of killing a state congressman, surrendered after a four-day, nationwide manhunt.
    (AP, 5/27/05)
2005        May 27, The EU constitution cleared its final legislative hurdle in Germany, two days before French voters have their say on the document. The Prum Treaty was signed by Germany, Spain, France, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Austria and Belgium (Italy has since said it wants to join too). It covers a series of justice and home affairs issues including the "exchange of information" (in effect, the "principle of availability").
    (AP, 5/27/05)(www.statewatch.org/news/2006/sep/05eu-g6.htm)
2005        May 27, Talks between India and Pakistan to break their two-decade-old stand-off on Kashmir's Siachen glacier, the world's highest battlefield, ended in apparent deadlock.
    (AP, 5/27/05)
2005        May 27, An Internet posting said Abu Musab al-Zarqawi is in good health and is running his terror organization.
    (AP, 5/28/05)
2005        May 27, In Iraq gunmen shot and killed a moderate Sunni Muslim tribal leader with close ties to Iraqi Kurds in the northern city of Kirkuk. Sheik Sabhan Khalaf al-Jibouri, 52, died in a hail of machine-gun fire outside his home.
    (AP, 5/28/05)
2005        May 27, In Nepal thousands of activists rallied to demand a restoration of democracy in the first such protest since the monarch seized power and ordered a crackdown on politicians.
    (AP, 5/27/05)
2005        May 27, In Pakistan a suicide bomber set off explosives in the midst of Shiite Muslims reciting the Quran, killing at least 20 and wounding dozens gathered for a religious festival at a shrine near Islamabad.
    (AP, 5/27/05)
2005        May 27, King Fahd, Saudi Arabia's monarch for the last 23 years was hospitalized for unspecified tests.
    (AP, 5/28/05)
2005        May 27, According to Israeli sources Syria test fired 3 Scud missiles, one of which broke up over two Turkish villages causing no injuries, in an act of defiance to the US and the UN. Syria denied the charges.
    (AFP, 6/3/05)(AP, 6/4/05)

2005        May 28, It was reported that American rancher John Cain Carter served as the driving force behind Alianca da Terra, a Brazilian NGO promoting certification and standards of good practice for ranchers and farmers.
    (Econ, 5/28/05, p.68)
2005        May 28, Bulgarian President Georgi Parvanov flew Tripoli to meet with Libyan leader Moamer Kadhafi, days before a Libyan court rules on the appeal of five Bulgarian nurses sentenced to death over an AIDS-tainted blood scandal.
    (Reuters, 5/27/05)
2005        May 28, In Ethiopia provisional results showed that the ruling coalition and its allies won a majority in parliamentary elections, but the opposition made significant gains.
    (AP, 5/28/05)
2005        May 28, In Indonesia 2 bombs exploded at a busy market on Sulawesi Island, killing at least 22 people and wounding 40 others in an area marred by years of inter-religious fighting.
    (AP, 5/28/05)
2005        May 28, Iran's hard-line Guardian Council approved a law that puts pressure on the government to develop nuclear technology that could be used to build atomic weapons.
    (AP, 5/28/05)
2005        May 28, In Iraq 2 suicide attackers detonated car bombs in northern Iraq, killing at least five Iraqis, and the government confirmed the death of a Japanese hostage abducted earlier this month. Attacks killed at least 45 Iraqis over the past 2 days including 10 people returning from a religious pilgrimage in Syria. A US Marine was killed when a roadside bomb struck his vehicle in northwestern Iraq.
    (AP, 5/28/05)(AP, 5/30/05)
2005        May 28, More than 40,000 Iraqi police and soldiers, backed by American troops and air support, began “Operation Lightning" against insurgents in Baghdad.
    (AP, 7/11/05)   
2005        May 28, In Sudan tens of thousands of chanting refugees lined the muddy streets of Darfur's largest camp to greet the U.N.'s Kofi Annan, who later listened as women raped during the conflict told their stories.
    (AP, 5/28/05)

2005        May 29, Dan Wheldon won the Indianapolis 500 as Danica Patrick's electrifying run fell short. She finished fourth.
    (AP, 5/29/06)
2005        May 29, In Bellefontaine, Ohio, Scott Moody (18) who was about to graduate from high school is believed to have fatally shot his grandparents, mother and two family friends before killing himself.
    (AP, 5/30/05)
2005        May 29, George Rochberg (86), composer, died. He was America’s 1st evangelist for serialism, a way of composing invented by Arnold Schonberg in the 1920s.
    (WSJ, 6/16/05, p.D8)
2005        May 29, In southern Afghanistan's Kandahar province gunmen shot and killed Mullah Abdul Fayaz, the top Muslim leader.
    (AP, 5/29/05)
2005        May 29, In Brazil almost 2 million gay men, lesbians, transvestites and their supporters, many in lavish Carnival costumes and waving rainbow-colored flags, paraded in Sao Paulo to celebrate gay pride and call for the legalization of civil unions between homosexuals.
    (AP, 5/30/05)
2005        May 29, French voters rejected the EU's first constitution, dealing a potentially fatal blow to the charter. In 2007 it was repackaged as the Lisbon treaty.
    (AP, 5/30/05)(Econ, 10/10/09, p.28)
2005        May 29, In Iraq suicide bombings and ambushes killed at least 30 people, including a British soldier. Iraqi forces swept through Baghdad, erecting checkpoints and searching vehicles as they launched the largest offensive of its kind since Saddam Hussein's ouster.
    (AP, 5/29/05)(SFC, 5/30/05, p.A1)
2005        May 29, In Iraq Maj. Gen. Ahmed al-Barazanchi, the director of internal affairs of Kirkuk province and a former police chief, was shot several times. He died the next day.
    (AP, 5/30/05)
2005        May 29, The body of Raja Nawaf Farhan al-Mahalawi, governor of Anbar province, was found killed. Insurgents had abducted him May 10.
    (AP, 5/31/05)
2005        May 29, Israel's Cabinet approved the release of 400 Palestinian prisoners.
    (AP, 5/29/05)
2005        May 29, Thousands of South Korean students rallying against the US military's five-decade presence clashed with police after trying to enter the American base, and at least 12 people were injured and more than 20 were arrested.
    (AP, 5/29/05)
2005        May 29, Lebanon held parliamentary elections. Candidates loyal to the son of assassinated politician Rafik Hariri swept the 1st stage of the first Lebanese election largely free of Syrian domination, claiming all 19 parliamentary seats in Beirut.
    (AP, 5/30/05)
2005        May 29, In southwestern Nepal Maoist rebels shot dead a policewoman and her four-year-old son.
    (AP, 5/29/05)
2005        May 29, The World Association of Newspapers' (WAN), meeting in Seoul, awarded veteran Sudanese journalist Mahgoub Mohamed Salih its 2005 press freedom award.
    (AP, 5/30/05)
2005        May 29, In Taipei thousands of men in black gangster garb took part in the funeral procession of a reputed Taiwan mob godfather, nicknamed "Mosquito" and "The Great Arbitrator." Hsu Hai-ching died this month at 93 after a long illness.
    (AP, 5/29/05)
2005        May 29, In Venezuela tens of thousands of marched in Caracas demanding the US extradite a Cuban militant wanted for his alleged role in the 1976 bombing of a Cuban airliner.
    (AP, 5/29/05)

2005        May 30, Quoting letters of the fallen from the war in Iraq, President Bush vowed to a Memorial Day audience at Arlington National Cemetery that America would honor its dead by striving for peace and democracy, no matter the cost.
    (AP, 5/30/06)
2005        May 30, Natalee Holloway disappeared on the last night of a trip to Aruba to celebrate her graduation from Alabama high school. On Jan 12, 2012, an Alabama judge declared Natalee dead.
    (AP, 6/3/05)(SFC, 1/13/12, p.A4)
2005        May 30, In Afghanistan Taliban militants claimed responsibility for a bicycle bomb aimed at a NATO-led vehicle which wounded at least 7 Afghans and a rocket which slammed into the peacekeeping force's base in Kabul.
    (AFP, 5/30/05)
2005        May 30, US-led warplanes and troops killed up to 9 suspected Taliban rebels after the militants launched 3 attacks in quick succession on Afghan and US-led coalition forces.
    (AFP, 5/31/05)
2005        May 30, In Graz, Austria, the body of a slain infant was found at an apartment complex. 3 more soon discovered: 2 stuffed in a basement freezer, one entombed in a paint bucket filled with concrete and one in a plastic bag beneath debris in a garden shed.
    (AP, 6/3/05)
2005        May 30, Miss Canada, Natalie Glebova, was crowned Miss Universe in the 54th annual pageant held in the Thai capital of Bangkok.
    (AP, 5/31/05)
2005        May 30, China scrapped concessions meant to avert a trade war with the US and Europe, withdrawing a plan to sharply increase export duties on Chinese-made textiles that are flooding foreign markets. The turnaround followed new import controls imposed by Washington and the EU, which China's commerce minister called a violation of WTO rules.
    (AP, 5/30/05)
2005        May 30, President Jacques Chirac began a widely expected government shakeup to save face at home as European Union officials worked to control damage after French voters rejected the EU's first constitution.
    (AP, 5/30/05)
2005        May 30, Germany's conservative opposition nominated Angela Merkel, a former chemistry researcher who entered politics during the collapse of communism, as its challenger to Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder.
    (AP, 5/30/05)
2005        May 30, Indonesia's first polio outbreak in a decade widened with two new cases reported, as the government kicked off a massive eradication campaign that aims to vaccinate 6.4 million children in one day.
    (AP, 5/30/05)
2005        May 30, In Iraq 2 suicide bombers blew themselves up in a crowd of police officers in Hilla, south of Baghdad, killing 31 people and wounding 108, while US forces mistakenly detained a Sunni political leader on the 2nd day of an Iraqi-led security sweep in the capital.
    (AP, 5/30/05)(SFC, 5/31/05, p.A1)
2005        May 30, In Iraq separate air crashes killed 4 American and 4 Italian troops.
    (AP, 5/31/05)
2005        May 30, The Israeli military targeted rocket launchers just before an attack was to be launched from northern Gaza, and two launchers were destroyed.
    (AP, 5/30/05)
2005        May 30, Officials in Lebanon announced that Saad Hariri, the son of assassinated former premier Rafik Hariri, had swept parliamentary elections in Beirut.
    (AP, 5/30/06)
2005        May 30, Nicaragua President Enrique Bolanos issued an emergency decree, allowing him to raise electricity prices as demanded by producers.
    (AP, 5/30/05)
2005        May 30, In Pakistan a blast ripped through a Shiite Muslim mosque in the southern city of Karachi, leaving at least 4 people dead, 3 of them the attackers, and a dozen injured in a suspected suicide bombing.
    (AP, 5/30/05)
2005        May 30-31, In Pakistan a mob angered by an al-Qaida-linked suicide bombing in a Shiite mosque set a KFC restaurant afire in overnight rioting, killing six employees and bringing the day's overall death toll to 11. Police in southern Pakistan later arrested eight Shiite Muslims for attacking the KFC restaurant.
    (AP, 5/31/05)(AP, 6/9/05)
2005        May 30, Russia agreed to begin withdrawing its troops from two Soviet-era bases in Georgia this year, resolving one of the most serious disputes between Moscow and its pro-Western neighbor.
    (AP, 5/30/05)

2005        May 31, President Bush, faced with a string of setbacks on Capitol Hill, shrugged off questions about his political clout and promised during a news conference to keep pushing Congress for a Social Security overhaul.
    (AP, 5/31/06)
2005        May 31, Vanity Fair Magazine revealed that W. Mark Felt (91), former FBI official, was the Watergate whistleblower Deep Throat, who helped bring down Pres. Nixon in 1974.
    (AP, 6/1/05)
2005        May 31, Human Events, a conservative weekly, published a list of what 15 conservative scholars considered to be the 10 most harmful books of the 19th and 20th century.
    (www.humaneventsonline.com/article.php?id=7591)(SSFC, 6/12/05, p.C3)
2005        May 31, The US Supreme Court overturned the 2002 criminal Enron-related conviction of Arthur Andersen LLP ruling that the trial judge erred by granting the government’s request to loosen the standard jury instructions.
    (WSJ, 6/1/05, p.A1)
2005        May 31, The Massachusetts Legislature voted to override Gov. Romney’s veto of a bill easing stem-cell research curbs.
    (WSJ, 6/1/05, p.A1)
2005        May 31, Advanced Micro Devices (AMD) introduced its 1st PC microprocessors with a dual-core chip design, the Athlon 64 X2.
    (SFC, 5/31/05, p.C4)
2005        May 31, James Wolfensohn, former World Bank chief, assumed the post of special envoy for Gaza disengagement for the Quartet (USA, Russia, EU and UN). He was assigned to co-ordinate Israel’s imminent withdrawal from the Gaza Strip and to focus on economic ways to help Palestinians after the Israeli exit. He left the post a year later.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Wolfensohn)(Econ, 6/30/07, p.55)
2005        May 31, NATO troops took command of security and reconstruction efforts in western Afghanistan from US forces under a plan that will likely soon put NATO forces into insurgent hot spots.
    (AP, 5/31/05)
2005        May 31, A Belarus court sentenced 2 opposition leaders to 3 years of compulsory labor for organizing a 2004 anti-Lukashenko demonstration.
    (WSJ, 6/1/05, p.A1)
2005        May 31, In Bolivia thousands of demonstrators prevented legislators from reaching the congressional building Tuesday, forcing the suspension of their first session after a weeklong recess caused by continued street protests.
    (AP, 5/31/05)
2005        May 31, In Brazil authorities ordered the slaughter of 17,000 chickens after 6,000 chickens died from a mysterious respiratory illness in Mato Grosso do Sul state. Brazil is the world's largest chicken exporter.
    (AP, 5/31/05)
2005        May 31, China said reporter Ching Cheong of The Straits Times, Singapore's main English-language newspaper, has admitted to spying for a foreign intelligence agency. Cheong’s wife said he was arrested April 22 after a source gave him documents about purged former Communist Party leader Zhao Ziyang, who died this year.
    (AP, 5/31/05)(WSJ, 5/31/05, p.A1)
2005        May 31, In Dagestan a police bus was bombed in Makhachkala and 7 people were killed.
    (WSJ, 7/29/05, p.A11)
2005        May 31, French President Jacques Chirac appointed Dominique de Villepin, a loyalist who was France's voice against the Iraq war, as prime minister.
    (AP, 5/31/05)
2005        May 31, In Haiti a fire burned through a large market in Port au Prince moments after a gun fight erupted that killed at least one man.
    (AP, 5/31/05)
2005        May 31, Two-thirds of Israel's Ein Gedi nature reserve was destroyed by fire, causing considerable damage to animal and plant life in the lush oasis sandwiched between the harsh Judean Desert and the Dead Sea.
    (AP, 5/31/05)
2005        May 31, Pakistan’s Pres. Gen. Pervez Musharraf said Senior al-Qaida terrorist suspect Abu Farraj al-Libbi, arrested on May 2, will be sent to the US for prosecution. He is believed to be behind two assassination attempts against Musharraf and could have received the death penalty here.
    (AP, 6/1/05)
2005        May 31, A Russian court declared oil tycoon Mikhail Khodorkovsky guilty of an array of charges in a trial widely criticized as politically motivated, sentencing him to nine years in prison minus time served. Co-defendant Platon Lebedev also received a 9-year sentence and the 2 men were fined 17 billion rubles ($615 million).
    (AP, 5/31/05)(SFC, 6/1/05, p.A3)
2005        May 31, Sudan arrested a second aid worker from the Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF) aid agency over a report on hundreds of rapes in the troubled Darfur region.
    (Reuters, 5/31/05)
2005        May 31, In Switzerland Griselidis Real (76), writer and well-known prostitute who campaigned for the rights and dignity of sex workers, died in Geneva. In 2009 she was re-buried in the presence of 200 people at the Cemetery of the Kings, which is reserved for individuals that have profoundly marked Swiss or international history.
    (www.independent.co.uk/news/obituaries/griselidis-real-493264.html)(AP, 3/10/09)
2005        May 31, Trinidad police arrested Basdeo Panday, former prime minister (1995-2001) and opposition leader, and 3 others on corruption charges connected to an airport construction contract.
    (AP, 5/31/05)

2005        May, Feds in Minnesota shut down the flagship company, Xpress Pharmacy Direct, of Christopher Smith (25) and seized $1.8 million in luxury cars, two homes and $1.3 million in cash held by Smith and associates. The Spamhaus Project, an anti-spam group, considered him one of the world's worst offenders.
    (AP, 8/21/05)
2005        May, US airlines were required to begin disclosing the death of dogs being shipped as cargo. By mid 2010 122 dog deaths were reported.
    (SFC, 7/17/10, p.A4)
2005        May, Energy ministers from Argentina, Brazil and Venezuela agreed to develop a field in Venezuela’s heavy-oil belt in the Orinoco, a refinery in Brazil’s north-east and an oil and gas venture in Argentina under the name Petrosur.
    (Econ, 7/30/05, p.33)
2005        May, In Edmonton, Canada, the body of Ellie May Meyer, a 33-year-old brunette, was found by a farmer plowing his field northeast of the city. Over 16 years, 12 prostitutes have been found dead around Edmonton. No one has been arrested.
    (CP, 5/14/05)
2005        May, Italy reported that it had fallen back into recession for the 1st quarter of 2005.
    (Econ, 5/21/05, p.13)
2005        May, In Nigeria Mike Amadi was sentenced to 16 years in prison for setting up a Web site that offered juicy but phoney procurement contracts. Amadi was caught by an undercover agent posing as an Italian businessman.
    (AP, 8/7/05)
2005        May, Norway announced a new biennial prize for science, the Kavli prize, funded by philanthropist Fred Kavli to begin in 2008. Only the fields of astrophysics, nanoscience and neuroscience would be considered for the $1 million prize.
    (Econ, 5/14/05, p.84)
2005        May, An arc of windmills started supplying electricity to 40 per cent of Ilocos Norte province, the first source of clean energy introduced in the Philippines, a nation with 84 million people reliant on oil and gas.
    (AFP, 10/12/05)
2005        May, In Portugal an audit estimated that the nation’s deficit could reach 7% of GDP this year, well over the 1999 EU limit of 3%.
    (Econ, 5/28/05, p.53)
2005        May, South Africa’s ruling ANC issued a paper suggesting that the nations massive unemployment, estimated at over 40%, could be reduced if the labor market was more flexible.
    (Econ, 5/28/05, p.49)
2005        May, US forces fired across the Iraqi frontier and killed a Syrian soldier during an American military operation. The event was reported by a Syrian general 5 months later.
    (AP, 10/28/05)

2005        Jun 1, In his first day on the job, World Bank President Paul Wolfowitz said he hoped the bank could help transform Africa from a continent of despair to one of hope. Wolfowitz began a five-year term as head of the 184-nation World Bank.
    (AP, 6/1/05)
2005        Jun 1, In California a landslide destroyed 17 multimillion-dollar houses and damaged nearly 11 others in Laguna Beach.
    (AP, 6/2/05)
2005        Jun 1, A 5-day UN World Environment Day conference opened in SF.
    (SFC, 6/1/05, p.A1)
2005        Jun 1, Missouri opened its 1st season of legal hand-fishing following fierce lobbying efforts by Noodlers Anonymous, a local support group for catching catfish by hand.
    (Econ, 5/28/05, p.37)
2005        Jun 1, eBay announced its $620 million purchase of Shopping.com, a shopping comparison service.
    (Econ, 6/11/05, p.65)
2005        Jun 1, The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) approved the web suffix .xxx for porn oriented web sites.
    (Econ, 6/11/05, p.59)
2005        Jun 1, George Mikan (80), Minneapolis Lakers basketball star, died. He was so big and dominant in college that he sparked the goaltending rule.
    (WSJ, 6/3/05, p.A1)
2005        Jun 1, In Afghanistan a bomb from a suicide attacker tore through a mosque during a funeral in Kandahar for a Muslim cleric opposed to the Taliban, killing at least 20 people. The local governor said an al-Qaida-linked militant was responsible.
    (AP, 6/1/05)
2005        Jun 1, Burkina Faso President Blaise Compaore opened the 7th summit of Sahel and Sahara countries, spurring the 21-member body to take a decisive role in shaping globalization.
    (AFP, 6/2/05)
2005        Jun 1, China began levying a 5.5% tax on residential property sold after this date. It would only be applied to property sold fewer than 2 years after its purchase.
    (WSJ, 5/26/05, p.A10)
2005        Jun 1, China called a resolution by Brazil, Germany, India and Japan to expand the U.N. Security Council, and hopefully give them permanent seats, "dangerous" and hinted it would use its veto power if necessary to block final approval.
    (AP, 6/1/05)
2005        Jun 1, In southern China heavy rain triggered floods and mudslides, leaving about 200 people dead or missing.
    (AP, 6/1/05)
2005        Jun 1, In Haiti gunmen killed Paul-Henri Mourral (53), a French diplomat, in Port-au-Prince and stole his car.
    (AP, 6/2/05)
2005        Jun 1, A suicide bomber attacked the main checkpoint to Baghdad International Airport, wounding at least 15 Iraqis.
    (AP, 6/1/05)
2005        Jun 1, Jerusalem city engineer Uri Shetrit said 88 homes in an Arab neighborhood are marked for demolition to make way for an archaeological park documenting the disputed city's ancient Jewish origins.
    (AP, 6/1/05)
2005        Jun 1, About 200 people, some throwing stones, broke into Kyrgyzstan's Supreme Court and evicted activists who had occupied the building for more than a month in a protest on behalf of five losing parliamentary candidates.
    (AP, 6/1/05)
2005        Jun 1, Dutch voters worried about social benefits and immigration overwhelmingly rejected the European Union constitution in what could be a knockout blow for a charter meant to create a power rivaling the United States. Slow economic growth in the Netherlands was seen as a key reason for the massive rejection of the EU constitution
    (AP, 6/1/05)
2005        Jun 1, Peruvian doctors separated the fused legs of Milagros Cerron, a 13-month-old baby girl known as Peru's "mermaid."
    (AP, 6/1/06)
2005        Jun 1, In Poland investigators published a report offering new details of allegations that a priest was an informer for Poland's communist government while he was close to Pope John Paul II's entourage in the 1980s. The report says against Rev. Konrad Stanislaw Hejmo met secretly with communist agents from 1975 to 1988 in upscale restaurants and hotel rooms, giving them details about the church in return for money and gifts of liquor.
    (AP, 6/1/05)
2005        Jun 1, Zimbabwe’s state Herald newspaper reported that police have arrested more than 22,000 people as a fierce blitz on illegal stores and shantytowns gathered pace, sending homeless people fleeing for the countryside.
    (Reuters, 6/1/05)

2005        Jun 2, Pres. Bush tapped California Rep. Chris Cox (52) to chair the SEC following the resignation of William Donaldson.
    (SFC, 6/3/05, p.C1)
2005        Jun 2, Georgia "runaway bride" Jennifer Wilbanks pleaded no contest to faking her own abduction; she was sentenced to probation, community service and a fine.
    (AP, 6/2/06)
2005        Jun 2, Thirteen-year-old Anurag Kashyap won the national spelling bee championship by correctly spelling "appoggiatura," which refers to an embellishing musical note.
    (AP, 6/2/06)
2005        Jun 2, Network computer maker Sun Microsystems Inc. said it agreed to buy Storage Technology Corp. for $4.1 billion in cash, bolstering its presence in the fast-growing market for data storage.
    (AP, 6/2/05)
2005        Jun 2, Researchers reported that human trust in others was related to the hormone oxytocin.
    (Econ, 6/4/05, p.76)
2005        Jun 2, Australia led 15 countries including Britain, France and Germany in a protest on against Japan's plans to expand its annual whale hunt.
    (AP, 6/2/05)
2005        Jun 2, On Australia's southwest coast up to 160 whales became stranded on 2 beaches after 2 pods beached themselves.
    (AP, 6/2/05)
2005        Jun 2, Federal police targeted Brazil's environmental protection agency in a crackdown on illegal logging, arresting 48 officials and several independent businessmen.
    (AP, 6/3/05)
2005        Jun 2, In northeastern Brazil a government bus carrying Indians from a health clinic went out of control on a wet road and careened into a creek, killing at least 19 people.
    (AP, 6/2/05)
2005        Jun 2, Melita Norwood (93), former Soviet Union spy in Britain (1937-1972), died.
    (Econ, 7/2/05, p.52)(http://tinyurl.com/8f3yy)
2005        Jun 2, Chinese, Indian and Russian foreign ministers, meeting in Vladivostok, agreed to intensify joint work against terrorism and underscored their common approach to international affairs.
    (AP, 6/2/05)
2005        Jun 2, In northern Iraq 3 suicide car bombings struck within an hour. In Kirkuk a car bomb targeting a restaurant where bodyguards of Iraq's Kurdish deputy prime minister were eating killed nine people and wounded 25. A car bomb attack killed the deputy head of Diyala provincial council and three of his bodyguards. 2 parked motorcycles exploded in Mosul killing 5 Iraqis. Gunmen in speeding cars opened fire on a crowded market in Baghdad. The series of attacks killed at least 34 people.
    (AP, 6/2/05)
2005        Jun 2, A suicide car bomber targeted a home where a group of people had gathered, killing at least 10 Iraqis and wounding 10 more in Saud, a remote village north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 6/3/05)
2005        Jun 2, Israel released 398 Palestinian prisoners, completing a pledge made under a cease-fire agreement, hours after Israel and the Palestinians announced their leaders would soon meet for the first time since February.
    (AP, 6/2/05)(WSJ, 6/3/05, p.A1)
2005        Jun 2, The US and France reached a tentative deal to boost the size of the UN peacekeeping mission in Ivory Coast by nearly 2,000 troops and police to help enforce a shaky peace deal. Meanwhile thousands fled a region where a village was burned and 55 people killed by unidentified gunmen.
    (AP, 6/3/05)(WSJ, 6/3/05, p.A1)
2005        Jun 2, Latvian lawmakers voted to ratify the European Union constitution and challenged other European nations not to give up hope that the charter can be implemented.
    (AP, 6/2/05)
2005        Jun 2, In Lebanon Samir Kassir, a prominent journalist known for his anti-Syrian writings, was killed after a bomb placed in his car exploded in Beirut.
    (AP, 6/2/05)
2005        Jun 2, The Maldives ushered in a new political era when parliament voted to allow parties to form for the first time in the remote Indian Ocean archipelago, a move that ended centuries of autocratic rule. The law passed in July.
    (Reuters, 6/2/05)(Econ, 12/23/06, p.55)
2005        Jun 2, It was reported that Russia's state-controlled gas giant was negotiating to buy a controlling share of the influential Izvestia daily from a private conglomerate, a move that could bring one of the country's largest private newspapers under firm Kremlin control.
    (AP, 6/4/05)
2005        Jun 2, Serbian police reported the arrest of at least 8 men they say are shown in a 1995 video killing a group of Bosnian Muslim prisoners from Srebrenica.
    (AP, 6/2/05)
2005        Jun 2, Schabir Shaik, the financier of the African National Congress during its struggle to end apartheid, was convicted of corruption by a South African court. He was found to have given Jacob Zuma over $100,000 in bribes from a French arms company. Shaik served 2 years and 4 months of his 15 year sentence before he was freed in 2009, supposedly on medical grounds.
    (AP, 6/2/05)(Econ, 3/14/09, p.51)
2005        Jun 2, In Sudan 5 people were killed and 16 others injured when a passenger plane crashed shortly after take-off from Khartoum and caught fire.
    (AP, 6/2/05)
2005        Jun 2, In southern Ukraine a freight train crashed into a passenger bus at a railroad crossing, killing 14 people. In a separate accident, a train crashed into a car at another crossing point, killing three people.
    (AP, 6/2/05)

2005        Jun 3, The US accused 14 nations of failing to do enough to stop the modern-day slave trade in prostitutes, child sex workers and forced laborers. The countries included Bolivia, Cambodia, Cuba, Ecuador, Jamaica, Kuwait, Myanmar, North Korea, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Togo the United Arab Emirates, and Venezuela.
    (AP, 6/4/05)
2005        Jun 3, US military officials said no guard at the Guantanamo Bay prison for terror suspects had flushed a detainee’s Quran down the toilet, but disclosed there were instances in which Qurans were abused by guards, intentionally or accidentally.
    (AP, 6/3/06)
2005        Jun 3, Nicholas Scott Faibish (12) was mauled to death by 2 family pit bulls at 711 Lincoln Way, SF. In 2006 a jury deadlocked in a trial that charged his mother, Maureen Faibish (40), with felony child endangerment.
    (SFC, 6/4/05, p.A1)(SFC, 8/1/06, p.B1)
2005        Jun 3, In eastern Afghanistan a bomb exploded next to a US military convoy, killing two American soldiers and wounding a third.
    (AP, 6/4/05)
2005        Jun 3, Albanian novelist Ismail Kadare (b.1936) won the first international version of Britain's prestigious Man Booker literary prize. Kadare became famous in his homeland with the 1963 publication of his first novel, "The General of the Dead Army" (1963). His other works include "The Concert" (1988) and "The Palace of Dreams" (1981). David Bellos won the accompanying translator’s prize.
    (AP, 6/3/05)(Econ, 9/10/11, p.96)
2005        Jun 3, Bolivia's Pres. Carlos Mesa called a constitutional assembly and a referendum over greater regional autonomies, meeting the key demands behind street protests that have virtually paralyzed La Paz for more than two weeks.
    (AP, 6/3/05)
2005        Jun 3, In Brazil new logging permits were suspended in Mato Grosso state where the rain forest is being cleared at an ever increasing rate.
    (AP, 6/3/05)
2005        Jun 3, Gordon Brown, Britain's treasury chief, proposed canceling all debt to Africa's poorest countries, eliminating all trade barriers and selling gold reserves as part of a "modern Marshall plan" for the giant continent.
    (AP, 6/3/05)
2005        Jun 3, Iraqi insurgent commanders "apparently came face to face" with four American officials during meetings on June 3 and June 13 at a summer villa near Balad, about 25 miles north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 6/26/05)
2005        Jun 3, Gunmen killed a city council official in Kirkuk. Gunmen also killed Razzouq Mohammed Ibrahim, an Iraqi contractor in charge of renovating a mosque in western Samarra. Two Iraqi civilians, including a child, were killed when their car swerved into a US Bradley fighting vehicle near Khalis.
    (AP, 6/3/05)
2005        Jun 3, Oscar Espinosa Villarreal, former Mexico City mayor (1994-1998) and tourism secretary, was sentenced to seven and a half years in prison for embezzling government funds and ordered to pay more than $26 million in reparations.
    (AP, 6/4/05)
2005        Jun 3, A Peruvian judge ordered the arrest of 29 military officials for their alleged involvement in the decades-old massacre of dozens of campesinos in an Andean village.
    (AP, 6/3/05)
2005        Jun 3, Thai Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra arrived in New Delhi, India, for talks on a free trade agreement and civil aviation liberalization.
    (AFP, 6/3/05)
2005        Jun 3, The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) was formed with Brunei, Chile, New Zealand and Singapore as partners. It aimed to integrate the economies of the Asia-Pacific region.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trans-Pacific_Strategic_Economic_Partnership)
2005        Jun 3, UN Pres. Jean Ping presented 191 member governments the first draft of a plan for overhauling the United Nations, complete with demands to pay more attention to poverty and human rights. The document avoided the contentious issues of Security Council expansion, defining terrorism and guidelines for using force.
    (AP, 6/4/05)

2005        Jun 4, The White House downplayed a Pentagon report detailing incidents in which U.S. guards at Guantanamo Bay prison desecrated the Quran, saying in a statement, "It is unfortunate that some have chosen to take out of context a few isolated incidents by a few individuals."
    (AP, 6/4/06)
2005        Jun 4, Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld said China is not a threat to the US but is building up its military without being threatened by any other country. The US commerce secretary warned China of a potential political backlash in Washington amid tensions over mounting Chinese trade surpluses, surging textile exports and rampant product piracy.
    (AP, 6/4/05)
2005        Jun 4, It was reported that Larry Ellison, head of Oracle Corp., planned to create a database and journal to track improvements in world health through a joint venture with Harvard that would be accompanied by as much as $115 million. In 2006 Ellison decided against the donation due to the resignation of Pres. Lawrence Summers.
    (SFC, 6/4/05, p.C1)(SFC, 6/28/06, p.C1)
2005        Jun 4, In Afghanistan Haji Sultan, division commander for the Taliban, was arrested with Mullah Mohammad Rahim, another senior Taliban official, in the western Farah province.
    (AP, 6/5/05)
2005        Jun 4, Australian officials said a senior Chinese diplomat has sought Australian government protection for himself and his family, claiming he faces persecution if he goes home. Analysts said Chen Yonglin's defection could muddy Canberra's relations with Beijing.
    (AP, 6/4/05)
2005        Jun 4, Thousands of opposition protesters chanted "Freedom!" and carried pictures of President Bush as they marched across Azerbaijan's capital, urging the government of this U.S. ally to step down and allow free parliamentary elections this year.
    (AP, 6/4/05)
2005        Jun 4, Bangladesh police arrested the 2nd wife of former president Hussain Mohammad Ershad (1982-1990), after he accused her of stealing money and threatening his life.
    (AP, 6/4/05)
2005        Jun 4, In Canada Bernard Landry resigned as leader of the Parti Quebecois.
    (CP, 6/5/05)
2005        Jun 4, Masked Chechen soldiers apparently avenging the killing of a woodcutter raided a tiny village, beat and killed residents and set homes afire. The raid in Borozdinovskaya pitted ethnic Chechens against ethnic Avars, marking the first serious conflict between the two groups. Villagers, failing to attract local authorities' attention to the abuses, abandoned their houses June 16 and fled to nearby Kizlyar in Dagestan.
    (AP, 6/26/05)
2005        Jun 4, It was reported that the death rate on China’s roads, according to the WHO, was 680 per day plus 45,000 injuries. American traffic deaths in contrast were at 115 per day.
    (Econ, 6/4/05, p.25)
2005        Jun 4, Justine Henin-Hardenne beat Mary Pierce 6-1, 6-1 to win the French Open women's singles title.
    (AP, 6/4/06)
2005        Jun 4, In Haiti police killed at least 4 people and burned 12 homes during raids against gang members in a slum filled with supporters of ousted President Jean-Bertrand Aristide.
    (AP, 6/5/05)
2005        Jun 4, Iraqi police arrested Mutlaq Mahmoud Mutlaq Abdullah, also known as Abu Raad, a key aide to the leader of the Mosul branch of the al-Qaida in Iraq terrorist group. A suicide car bomber blew himself up at an Iraqi police checkpoint on a main road connecting northern Mosul with the nearby city of Tal Afar, killing two officers and wounding four. Iraqi and US troops discovered 50 weapons and ammunition caches and a huge underground bunker west of the capital fitted out with air conditioning, a kitchen and showers.
    (AP, 6/5/05)
2005        Jun 4, In Northern Ireland Terence Davison (49), a reputed IRA veteran, was arraigned for the Jan 30 killing of Robert McCartney.
    (SSFC, 6/5/05, p.A3)
2005        Jun 4, In Laos after decades on the run, 170 women, children and old men of the Hmong ethnic minority, once part of a U.S.-backed secret army fighting communists, emerged from their jungle hideouts to surrender to the government.
    (AP, 6/4/05)
2005        Jun 4-2005 Jun 5, An overnight border raid by al-Qaida-linked insurgents in Mgheiti, a remote Mauritanian army post in the northern desert, sparked a gunbattle that killed 15 Mauritanian troops and nine attackers. Algeria's Salafist Group for Call and Combat claimed responsibility for the attack.
    (AP, 6/5/05)(AP, 8/3/05)
2005        Jun 4, Hundreds of activists gathered in southern Nigeria to rally support for an opposition conference, backed by the Nobel prize-winning author Wole Soyinka, to end ethnic and political violence in Africa's most populous nation.
    (AP, 6/4/05)
2005        Jun 4, In Pakistan Gul Hassan, Islamic militant and member of the outlawed Lashkar-e-Jhangvi group, was convicted and sentenced to death for planning two suicide attacks that killed 45 minority Shiite Muslims on May 7 and May 31, 2004, at mosques in Karachi.
    (AP, 6/4/05)

2005        Jun 5, "Monty Python's Spamalot" won three Tony Awards, including best musical; the musical play "The Light in the Piazza" won six prizes, while "Doubt" was named best drama.
    (AP, 6/5/06)
2005        Jun 5, FBI agents in Lodi, Ca., arrested Hamid Hayat (22) for training at an al Qaeda camp in Pakistan and his father (47) for lying about his son’s activities. In 2006 Umer Hayat pleaded guilty to charges of lying to customs agents to avoid a trial. In 2007 Hamid was sentenced to 24 years in prison for supporting terrorists by training with them in Pakistan.
    (SFC, 6/9/05, p.A1)(SFC, 6/1/06, p.B1)(SFC, 9/11/07, p.D2)
2005        Jun 5, In San Francisco big city mayors from around the world signed a set of 21 urban environmental accords, capping a 5-day UN World Environment conference.
    (AP, 6/6/05)(SFC, 6/6/05, p.A1)
2005        Jun 5, Texas Gov. Rick Perry signed anti-abortion and anti-gay legislation at the Calvary Christian Academy in Fort Worth.
    (SFC, 6/6/05, p.A3)
2005        Jun 5, The Chinese government said 3 days of flooding triggered by torrential rains killed 204 people in China's south and desert northwest and left 79 missing at the beginning of the country's summer flood season.
    (AP, 6/5/05)
2005        Jun 5, Spanish teenager Rafael Nadal beat unseeded Mariano Puerta of Argentina 6-7 (6), 6-3, 6-1, 7-5 to win the French Open men's singles title.
    (AP, 6/5/06)
2005        Jun 5, An accident inside the Frejus Alpine tunnel between France and Italy killed at least two people. A truck loaded with tires and another carrying glue caught fire along with four other vehicles.
    (AP, 6/5/05)
2005        Jun 5, In Jordan 14 men who earlier admitted plotting terrorism and sparking riots that killed six people in southern Jordan testified that they were tortured into confessing. The men then pleaded innocent before a military court.
    (AP, 6/5/05)
2005        Jun 5, Five suspected Islamic militants were killed in an ongoing gunbattle with troops in Indian Kashmir's Rajouri district.
    (AP, 6/5/05)
2005        Jun 5, Kuwait named two women to public office for the first time, less than a month after parliament passed a historic law granting women the right to vote and run for office.
    (AP, 6/5/05)
2005        Jun 5, Lebanon held its 2nd of a 4-stage vote. A week earlier anti-Syrian opposition candidates took most of the capital's 19 parliamentary seats. 53 candidates vied for 23 seats in southern Lebanon. Hezbollah, the armed group considered a terrorist organization by the US, and its Amal allies swept voting in southern Lebanon.
    (AP, 6/6/05)(WSJ, 6/7/05, p.A1)
2005        Jun 5, Adolfo Aguilar Zinser (b.1949), Mexican scholar and diplomat, died.
    (Econ, 6/18/05, p.83)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adolfo_Aguilar_Z%C3%Adnser)
2005        Jun 5, Swiss voters approved, by a 55-45% majority, joining the European Union in the Schengen passport-free travel zone, abolishing checks on the country's border by 2007. They also granted same-sex couples more rights.
    (AP, 6/6/05)(Econ, 6/11/05, p.48)
2005        Jun 5, Taiwan reported that it had successfully test-fired a locally developed cruise missile capable of striking southeastern areas of mainland China.
    (AP, 6/5/05)
2005        Jun 5, In southeastern Turkey Kurdish rebels ambushed a Turkish commando unit overnight, killing four soldiers and wounding one near Tunceli.
    (AP, 6/5/05)

2005        Jun 6, The US Supreme Court ruled 6-to-3 that people who smoke marijuana because their doctors recommend it to ease pain can be prosecuted for violating federal drug laws.
    (WSJ, 6/7/05, p.A1)(AP, 6/6/06)
2005        Jun 6, Actor Russell Crowe was arrested for throwing a phone that hit a hotel employee in New York City; he later pleaded guilty to third-degree assault.
    (AP, 6/6/06)
2005        Jun 6, Scientists reported success with monkeys in using vaccines to fend off the Ebola and Marburg viruses.
    (SFC, 6/6/05, p.A2)
2005        Jun 6, Apple Corp. confirmed plans to switch to Intel Corp. microprocessors.
    (SFC, 6/705, p.C1)
2005        Jun 6, IBM and Ecole Polytechnique of Lausanne, Switz., announced a partnership to begin building a computer model of the human brain.
    (Econ, 6/11/05, p.75)
2005        Jun 6, PropLogis, the largest real estate investment trust in the US, announced that it will buy SF developer Catellus Corp. for $4.9 billion.
    (SFC, 6/705, p.C1)
2005        Jun 6, Washington Mutual announced that it will take over Providian Financial in a deal valued at $6.45 billion.
    (SFC, 6/705, p.C1)
2005        Jun 6, Anne Bancroft (b.1931), film actress, died in NYC. She won the 1962 best-actress Oscar as the teacher of a young Helen Keller in “The Miracle Worker," but achieved greater fame as the seductive Mrs. Robinson in “The Graduate."
    (AP, 6/7/05)(www.imdb.com/name/nm0000843/)
2005        Jun 6, Dana Elcar (77), film and TV actor (MacGyver), died in California.
    (AP, 6/6/06)(www.collinwood.net/cast/elcar.htm)
2005        Jun 6, It was reported that the rate of rural suicide in Australia is among the highest in the world as farmers battle the stress of years of drought, failed crops, mounting debt and slowly decaying towns.
    (Reuters, 6/6/05)
2005        Jun 6, President Carlos Mesa, his 19-month-old government unraveling amid swelling street protests and a crippling blockade of the Bolivian capital, announced his resignation in a nationally televised address.
    (AP, 6/7/05)
2005        Jun 6, Chechnya’s Moscow-backed Pres. Alu Alkhanov said Russian military forces carry out up to 10 percent of the kidnappings that occur in turbulent Chechnya.
    (AP, 6/6/05)
2005        Jun 6, In Ethiopia one girl was killed and seven people were wounded in violence over disputed election results that gave the ruling party control of parliament.
    (AP, 6/7/05)
2005        Jun 6, In Kyrgyzstan an arrest warrant was issued for former prime minister Nikolai Tanayev, accused of illegally transferring about $1 million in state funds to a private construction company run by his son. A request for Tanayev’s extradition was sent to Moscow.
    (AP, 6/6/05)
2005        Jun 6, In southern Nepal at least 37 people were killed and dozens more wounded when a crowded bus detonated a land mine planted by suspected communist rebels.
    (AP, 6/6/05)
2005        Jun 6, The International Criminal Court at the Hague formally announced the opening of a war crimes investigation in Sudan's Darfur region after receiving a list of 51 potential suspects from UN.
    (AP, 6/6/05)

2005        Jun 7, President Bush and British Prime Minister Tony Blair embraced a tentative plan to forgive the debt of poor African nations.
    (AP, 6/7/06)
2005        Jun 7, A Univ. of Alaska Fairbanks student found a track from a three-toed dinosaur believed to be about 70 million years old in Denali National Park, the first evidence that the animals roamed there.
    (AP, 7/6/05)
2005        Jun 7, General Motors announced plans to close plants and eliminate some 25,000 manufacturing jobs in the US by 2008.
    (SFC, 6/805, p.C1)
2005        Jun 7, Terry Long, former Pittsburgh Steelers lineman, died in a hospital about five hours after he was found unresponsive in his suburban Pittsburgh home. An Oct 19 revised death certificate indicated that he had committed suicide by drinking antifreeze, and did not die as a direct result of football-related head injuries.
    (AP, 1/26/06)
2005        Jun 7, In Australia 2 Chinese defectors, one of them a diplomat who walked away from his post, claim that China is running a spy network in Australia and other Western countries.
    (AP, 6/8/05)
2005        Jun 7, Brazil’s Pres. Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva pledged to carry out a battle against corruption that would reduce it to a "sad memory."
    (AP, 6/7/05)
2005        Jun 7, A Chilean appeals court stripped Gen. Augusto Pinochet of immunity from prosecution in a tax evasion case stemming from multimillion-dollar bank accounts the former dictator held in the US.
    (AP, 6/7/05)
2005        Jun 7, In Egypt 12 people, including two children, were killed and 16 injured when a building collapsed in Egypt's Mediterranean city of Alexandria.
    (AP, 6/8/05)
2005        Jun 7, In Ethiopia police raided a technical college in Addis Ababa, firing rubber bullets and beating up students defying a government ban on protests during a 2nd day of violence.
    (AP, 6/7/05)
2005        Jun 7, The EU head office said that Italy broke the bloc's budget rules with excessive deficits in 2003 and 2004 and is likely to breach the limit again this year and in 2006.
    (AP, 6/7/05)
2005        Jun 7, In Hungary legislators narrowly elected Laszlo Solyom (63), a center-right opposition candidate as the new president, in a setback for the governing coalition.
    (AP, 6/7/05)
2005        Jun 7, Lal Krishna Advani (77), India's most prominent Hindu nationalist, quit as head of the country's main opposition party following criticism of his kind words for the founding father of Pakistan, a man reviled in India. His resignation as president of the Bharatiya Janata Party, also made it official that India's Hindu political movement was splintering.
    (AP, 6/7/05)
2005        Jun 7, A Sunni Arab politician said two insurgent groups were willing to negotiate with the government, possibly opening a new political front in embattled Iraq.
    (AP, 6/7/05)
2005        Jun 7, Iraqi security forces captured Jassim Hazan Hamadi al-Bazi, also known as Abu Ahmed. a reputed key member of Abu-Musab al-Zarqawi's al-Qaida in Iraq terrorist group who is accused of building and selling cars used by suicide bombers.
    (AP, 6/14/05)
2005        Jun 7, In northern Iraq 4 apparently coordinated bombings in seven minutes killed 18 people and wounded 39, while a car bomb in Baghdad injured 28.
    (AP, 6/7/05)
2005        Jun 7, A convoy of trucks believed to be carrying supplies to a U.S. military base west of Baghdad was ambushed, and reporters who arrived after the attack said they saw the bodies of at least seven people.
    (AP, 6/8/05)
2005        Jun 7, Two US commanders were killed at a base near Tikrit. The US military later charged a Staff Sgt. Alberto B. Martinez of Troy, N.Y. National Guard with murdering Capt. Philip Esposito and 1st Lt. Louis Allen, in what is believed to be the 1st case of a US soldier in Iraq accused of killing his superiors. Martinez was acquitted of murder on Dec 4, 2008.
    (AP, 6/17/05)(AP, 11/1/05)(SFC, 10/23/08, p.A7)(SFC, 12/5/08, p.A6)
2005        Jun 7, Irishman Bob Geldof, who organized the 1985 Live Aid concerts, urged people to sail to France "in their thousands" and bring activists back to Britain to press world leaders into doing more to end poverty in Africa at their July summit in Scotland.
    (AFP, 6/7/05)(Econ, 6/4/05, p.56)
2005        Jun 7, Israeli soldiers killed a top Islamic Jihad militant in a West Bank gunbattle, and a Palestinian mortar attack on a Jewish settlement in Gaza killed two non-Israeli workers.
    (AP, 6/7/05)
2005        Jun 7, A Libyan court acquitted 9 police officers and a doctor accused of torturing six foreign medics sentenced to death for allegedly infecting children with HIV.
    (AP, 6/8/05)
2005        Jun 7, A convention adopted sweeping changes to Taiwan's constitution that will boost its top two political parties and require future amendments to go directly before voters, a measure opposed by China.
    (AP, 6/7/05)

2005        Jun 8, The US Senate confirmed California judge Janice Rogers Brown for the federal appeals court, ending a two-year battle.
    (AP, 6/8/06)
2005        Jun 8, Former Boston Bruins star Cam Neely, the late Valeri Kharlamov and Murray Costello were named to the Hockey Hall of Fame.
    (AP, 6/8/06)
2005        Jun 8, Seagate introduced a disk drive for notebook computers that stores 160 gigabytes of data. It used new technology called perpendicular recording.
    (WSJ, 6/9/05, p.B7)
2005        Jun 8, The WWF conservation group reported that fishing nets claim the lives of some 1,000 whales, dolphins and porpoises around the world each day.
    (WSJ, 6/9/05, p.A1)
2005        Jun 8, In eastern Afghanistan rebel rockets struck US troops unloading supplies from a helicopter, killing two and wounding 8.
    (AP, 6/8/05)
2005        Jun 8, In Brazil the top financial officer for Pres. Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva's Workers’ Party denied paying off congressmen to keep the fragile governing coalition alive, making a bid to contain political damage from an alleged bribes-for-votes scandal. This came to be called the mensalao (“big monthly stipend") scandal.
    (AP, 6/8/05)(Economist, 9/29/12, p.42)
2005        Jun 8, Security forces opened fire on stone-throwing demonstrators in Ethiopia, killing 26 people in a third day of protests over election results.
    (AP, 6/8/05)(WSJ, 6/10/05, p.A1)
2005        Jun 8, French PM Dominique de Villepin easily won a parliamentary vote of confidence after announcing a job creation plan worth $5.5 billion.
    (AP, 6/8/05)
2005        Jun 8, In Haiti Butteur Metayer (34), a gang leader who started the uprising that led to the ouster of President Jean-Bertrand Aristide, died of kidney failure.
    (AP, 6/8/05)
2005        Jun 8, In India a bus hit a high voltage wire, killing 11 passengers and injuring 15 others in the southern state of Andhra Pradesh.
    (AP, 6/8/05)
2005        Jun 8, An American-Iraqi offensive killed at least 10 militants, including four blown apart by their own car bomb.
    (AP, 6/8/05)
2005        Jun 8, In Mexico Alejandro Dominguez took office as police chief of Nuevo Laredo, saying he wasn't afraid of anything. Nine hours later, he was ambushed and killed by gunmen who fired some three dozen times.
    (AP, 6/9/05)
2005        Jun 8, Nepalese police arrested 53 journalists as they protested press restrictions.
    (AP, 6/8/05)
2005        Jun 8, In Nigeria 5 men and one woman were shot dead in the poor Apo neighborhood Abuja. Police initially said they were armed robbers caught in the act, but an inquiry established that they were unarmed. In Dec Nigeria apologized to the families of the people who were shot dead and offered them 3 million naira ($22,600) each, setting a precedent in a country where police brutality is a fact of daily life.
    (Reuters, 12/03/05)
2005        Jun 8, In Norway US Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld and his Norwegian counterpart on signed an agreement allowing the US military to continue storing equipment there.
    (AP, 6/8/05)
2005        Jun 8, In Palestine 3 workers at a Jewish settlement in Gaza were killed in a Palestinian mortar strike, two West Bank militants were shot dead by soldiers and an infiltrator from Egypt to Gaza was gunned down by Israeli forces.
    (AP, 6/8/05)
2005        Jun 8, A 2-day conference on racism sponsored by the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) opened in Cordoba, Spain.
    (AP, 6/9/05)

2005        Jun 9, Pres Bush nominated CIA and FBI veteran Henry Crumpton as the State Department's coordinator for counterterrorism policy. President Bush defended the USA Patriot Act, saying it had made America safer and should be made permanent.
    (Reuters, 6/9/05)(AP, 6/9/06)
2005        Jun 9, The governor of Massachusetts requested federal aid due to an unusually big red tide of toxic algae that has crippled the state’s shellfish industry.
    (WSJ, 6/10/05, p.A1)
2005        Jun 9, Richard Eberhart (101), Pulitzer Prize winning poet, died in New Hampshire.
    (http://tinyurl.com/d72om)
2005        Jun 9, In Bolivia Vaca Diez, president of the Senate, relinquished his claim to the presidency, as did the president of the lower house. Eduardo Rodriguez, the Supreme Court chief justice, automatically became president.
    (AP, 6/10/05)(Econ, 6/18/05, p.34)
2005        Jun 9, Canada’s high court struck down a Quebec ban on private health insurance that pays for foster care.
    (WSJ, 6/10/05, p.A6)
2005        Jun 9, Chinese officials signed preliminary agreements to invest about $1.5 billion in construction, timber, agriculture and other industries in Russia.
    (AP, 6/9/05)
2005        Jun 9, Iraqi Pres. Jalal Talabani said Sunni Muslim Arabs will be given up to 25 seats on the committee drafting Iraq's new constitution.
    (AP, 6/9/05)
2005        Jun 9, Clementina Cantoni (32), an Italian aid worker kidnapped at gunpoint in the Afghan capital three weeks ago, was released.
    (AP, 6/10/05)
2005        Jun 9, North Korea boasted it was building more nuclear bombs and had the ability to arm them on missiles.
    (AP, 6/9/05)
2005        Jun 9, In the Netherlands thousands of civil servants went on strike to protest declining social benefits and low wages.
    (WSJ, 6/10/05, p.A6)
2005        Jun 9, Russia said it will not back an int’l. investigation into the May 13 suppression of protestors at Andijan, Uzbekistan.
    (WSJ, 9/2/05, p.A13)
2005        Jun 9, The US lifted its freeze on a $10 million aid package for Serbia-Montenegro, saying the Balkan country had shown better cooperation with the UN war crimes tribunal.
    (AP, 6/9/05)
2005        Jun 9, Syria's ruling Baath Party endorsed reforms that include allowing some independent political parties, relaxing a state of emergency and granting more press freedom.
    (AP, 6/9/05)
2005        Jun 9, Syrian forces raided a suspected terrorist hideout near the capital, killing 2 men, arresting a third and foiling alleged bombing plots that targeted the nation's Justice Palace.
    (AP, 6/11/05)
2005        Jun 9, A strike over Zimbabwe's razing of shantytowns made a slow start and the opposition boycotted President Robert Mugabe's opening of a new parliament elected in polls critics said were unfair.
    (AP, 6/9/05)

2005        Jun 10, President Bush and South Korean President Roh Moo-hyun pressed North Korea to rejoin deadlocked talks on its nuclear weapons program and tried to minimize their own differences over how hard to push the reclusive communist regime.
    (AP, 6/11/05)
2005        Jun 10, Citigroup Inc. said it will pay $2 billion to Enron Corp. shareholders who accused it of helping the energy trader in a massive accounting fraud.
    (Reuters, 6/10/05)
2005        Jun 10, Jim Exon (83), former governor of Nebraska (1971-1979) and US Senator (1979-1996), died.
    (SFC, 6/11/05, p.B4)
2005        Jun 10, In eastern Afghanistan an American soldier was killed and three US troops were wounded when insurgents ambushed a patrol.
    (AP, 6/11/05)
2005        Jun 10, China resolved a trade dispute over textiles with the EU.
    (WSJ, 6/13/05, p.A3)
2005        Jun 10, In northeast China a torrent of water rushed down a mountain and hit a primary school in Heilongjiang province, killing 91 people, most of them students, and leaving another four people missing.
    (AP, 6/12/05)
2005        Jun 10, In southern China a fire raced through the top three floors of a hotel, killing 31 people and injuring 15 others.
    (AP, 6/12/05)
2005        Jun 10, Torrential rains in northwestern Colombia unleashed mudslides on an impoverished mountainside neighborhood in Colombia's coffee-growing region, killing at least 6 people.
    (AP, 6/10/05)
2005        Jun 10, In India opposition leader Lal Krishna Advani agreed to stay on as president of the Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party, three days after resigning over his comments on the founder of Pakistan.
    (Reuters, 6/10/05)
2005        Jun 10, In Iraq militants killed five US Marines and authorities found 21 bodies in civilian clothes scattered near Qaim, a town close to the Syrian border. 11 were shot in the head and another was beheaded.
    (AP, 6/10/05)
2005        Jun 10, Two American scientists and an Austrian conductor won this year's Kyoto Prizes, the Japanese awards for achievement in the arts and sciences.
    (AP, 6/10/05)
2005        Jun 10, In southern Japan an 18-year-old student tossed a homemade bomb into a high school classroom, injuring 58 teenagers.
    (AP, 6/10/05)
2005        Jun 10, Jyrgalbek Surabaldiyev, a Kyrgyz lawmaker and owner of Kyrgyzstan's largest automobile market, was gunned down. He was a close ally of the country's former leader.
    (AP, 6/10/05)
2005        Jun 10, In Mexico lawyers for the brother of a former Mexican president sought his release on bail after an appeals court threw out his 27-year murder sentence.
    (AP, 6/10/05)
2005        Jun 10, King Harald V of Norway and King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden met in the middle of the Svinesund bridge and opened the span over a fjord south of Oslo.
    (AP, 6/10/05)
2005        Jun 10, A Pakistani court ordered the release next week of 12 men connected to a notorious June 22, 2002, gang-rape of Mukhataran Mai, including six convicted of the crime.
    (AP, 6/10/05)
2005        Jun 10, In South Africa Pius Langa (66), a former shirt factory worker was handed the chief justice's robes at a ceremony marking the appointment of the first black South African to head a court system assailed by allegations of racism.
    (AP, 6/10/05)
2005        Jun 10, Zimbabwe police fought running battles until dawn with supporters of a general strike called to protest a government campaign against shack dwellers and street traders. The mass strike failed on its final day.
    (AFP, 6/10/05)

2006        Jun 11, Afleet Alex won the Belmont Stakes by seven lengths.
    (AP, 6/11/06)
2005        Jun 11, US officials said a cow had tested positive for mad cow disease in November, opening the door to possible changes in testing procedures in the US beef industry. The cow was later identified as being calved in Texas in 1993.
    (AP, 6/11/05)(WSJ, 6/30/05, p.A1)
2006        Jun 11, The first tropical storm of the season, Arlene, sloshed ashore in the Florida Panhandle.
    (AP, 6/11/06)
2005        Jun 11, Lillian Lux (86), star of Yiddish theater, died. She made her name with almost continuous performances of “A Khasene in Shtetl" (A Village Wedding) from the 1940s.
    (Econ, 6/25/05, p.86)
2005        Jun 11, In southern Afghanistan an Afghan army truck collided with a bus, killing three villagers and wounding seven. A US soldier was killed by small-arms fire in Orgun-e.
    (AP, 6/11/05)(SFC, 6/14/05, p.B3)
2005        Jun 11, Police investigating the disappearance of an Alabama honors student in Aruba arrested a man at dawn, hours after one of three young men already in custody admitted "something bad happened" to the woman after they took her to the beach.
    (AP, 6/11/05)
2005        Jun 11, Australian farmers danced in the rain as downpours delivered the first soaking falls in over four years to large parts of drought-ridden eastern Australia.
    (AP, 6/11/05)
2005        Jun 11, Finance ministers from the Group of Eight industrialized nations meting in London agreed to a historic deal canceling at least $40 billion worth of debt owed by 18 of the world's poorest nations. These included: Benin, Bolivia, Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guyana, Honduras, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Nicaragua, Niger, Rwanda, Senegal, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia.
    (AP, 6/11/05)
2005        Jun 11, In northern China an attack on a shantytown left six people dead and wounded 48 others. Villagers had disputed compensation offered by officials for their land and occupied the proposed site in 2004. Authorities have arrested more than 100 people and began investigating two Communist Party officials following the attack.
    (AP, 7/11/05)(Econ, 6/25/05, p.40)
2005        Jun 11,Two Ethiopian opposition leaders were placed under arrest, a day after the ruling party agreed to work with its foes to end violent protests that have left 29 dead.
    (AP, 6/11/05)
2005        Jun 11, French journalist Florence Aubenas and her Iraqi assistant were freed and in good health after nearly five months in captivity in Iraq.
    (AP, 6/12/05)
2005        Jun 11, In Iraq a suicide bomber dressed as a policeman blew himself up during roll call at the heavily guarded headquarters of an elite commando unit killing 5 people. Gunmen attacked a busload of construction workers south of Baghdad on Saturday, killing at least 11 and wounding three others. Attacks in and around Baghdad killed at least 23 people.
    (AP, 6/11/05)
2005        Jun 11, US fighter planes equipped with precision-guided missiles launched airstrikes on an Iraqi town near the Syrian border, killing about 40 insurgents who were stopping and searching civilian cars.
    (AP, 6/11/05)
2005        Jun 11, In the Philippines thousands of protesters demanded President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo step down during the biggest anti-government rally since allegations surfaced that she fixed last year's election and her family received gambling kickbacks.
    (AP, 6/11/05)
2005        Jun 11, More than 2,000 people defied a ban on a gay-rights rally in Poland's capital, taking to the streets of Warsaw against the orders of the city's conservative mayor.
    (AP, 6/11/05)
2005        Jun 11, Vasco Goncalves (83), former Portugal prime minister (1974-1975), died. He played a key part in the 1974 April revolution that toppled 48 years of right-wing dictatorship.
    (AP, 6/11/05)
2005        Jun 11, A new round of peace talks on Sudan's Darfur region ran into early problems as Khartoum's negotiators rejected Eritrean participation, stopping the first behind-closed-doors plenary session from going ahead.
    (Reuters, 6/12/05)
2005        Jun 11, Jose Maria Corredor, a Colombian drug smuggler wanted by the US, bribed his way out of Venezuela's secret police headquarters with help from federal agents.
    (AP, 6/14/05)

2005        Jun 12, Vice President Dick Cheney, reacting to a growing chorus of calls to close the US prison at Guantanamo Bay, told Fox News Channel there were no plans to do so.
    (AP, 6/12/06)
2005        Jun 12, At the LPGA Championship, Annika Sorenstam closed with a 1-over 73 for a three-shot victory over Michelle Wie, who shot a 69 to finish second.
    (AP, 6/12/06)
2005        Jun 12, A fire in Philadelphia left 5 children dead. Security bars on windows may have hampered escape attempts.
    (SFC, 6/13/05, p.A3)
2005        Jun 12, In Iran 4 bombs exploded in Ahwaz, the capital of  oil-rich Khuzestan province on the Iranian border with Iraq. 9 people were killed and 36 wounded in the deadliest explosions in the nation in more than a decade.
    (AP, 6/12/05)(Econ, 6/18/05, p.42)
2005        Jun 12, The US military announced the killing of 4 more soldiers, pushing the American death toll past 1,700. Iraqi police found the bullet-riddled bodies of 28 people, many thought to be Sunni Arabs, buried in shallow graves or dumped streetside in Baghdad.
    (AP, 6/12/05)
2005        Jun 12,The Kurdish Parliament elected veteran guerrilla leader Massoud Barzani the first president of Iraq's northern Kurdistan region.
    (AP, 6/12/05)
2005        Jun 12, British troops arrested a group of Iraqi insurgents suspected of carrying out separate roadside bombings that killed two British soldiers.
    (AP, 6/12/05)
2005        Jun 12, The Venice Biennale opened under the direction of Rosa Martinez and Maria de Corral.
    (Econ, 6/4/05, p.80)
2005        Jun 12, Italians voted in national referendums on whether to loosen assisted fertility legislation. 90% voted to change the law but only 26% of eligible voters bothered to turn out.
    (AP, 6/12/05)(Econ, 6/18/05, p.48)
2005        Jun 12, UniCredit, Italy’s largest bank, announced the takeover HVB Group, Germany’s 2nd biggest. This gave UniCredit a commanding presence in Germany, Austria and Poland.
    (Econ, 6/18/05, p.70)(Econ, 10/12/13, SR p.8)
2005        Jun 12, Kuwait state TV reported that the Kuwaiti government has appointed its first female Cabinet minister, a month after lawmakers in this oil-rich nation granted women the right to vote and run for office. Massouma al-Mubarak (54), a women's rights activist and columnist, was given the planning and administrative development portfolios.
    (AP, 6/12/05)
2005        Jun 12, Lebanon held its third round of a four-stage election. Michel Aoun, a Lebanese Christian general, appeared headed toward a surprising victory. He once fought the Syrian army and returned from exile just weeks ago. Fifty-eight of 128 seats in parliament were at stake in the elections in central and eastern regions of the country.
    (AP, 6/13/05)
2005        Jun 12, Pakistan's army seized control of the national telecoms firm after trade unions called a strike against the company's privatization next week.
    (AFP, 6/12/05)
2005        Jun 12, The Palestinian Authority carried out its first executions since 2001, killing four convicted murderers as part of a new campaign to rein in lawlessness and chaos.
    (AP, 6/12/05)
2005        Jun 12, In Russia an explosion believed caused by a terrorist bomb derailed a train traveling from Chechnya to Moscow during a national holiday, injuring at least 15 people. The Day of Russia holiday, formerly known as Independence Day, marks the Russian parliament's June 12, 1990, declaration of sovereignty from the Soviet Union.
    (AP, 6/12/05)
2005        Jun 12, In South Africa Makobo Modjadji (27), the famed rain queen of the Bolobedu people, died of unspecified causes.
    (AP, 6/13/05)

2005        Jun 13, The US Senate apologized for blocking anti-lynching legislation in the early 20th century, when mob violence against blacks was commonplace.
    (AP, 6/13/06)
2005        Jun 13, The Supreme Court warned prosecutors to use care in striking minorities from juries, siding with black murder suspects in Texas and California who contended their juries had been unfairly stacked with whites.
    (AP, 6/13/06)
2005        Jun 13, California Gov. Schwarzenegger called for a special election on his initiatives to change state government.
    (SFC, 6/14/05, p.A1)
2005        Jun 13, A jury in Santa Maria, Calif., acquitted Michael Jackson of molesting a 13-year-old cancer survivor at his Neverland ranch. The pop music star was found not guilty of child molestation, conspiracy and other counts.
    (AP, 6/14/05)(AP, 6/13/06)
2005        Jun 13, Leonard Pickell, former president of the James Beard Foundation, was sentenced 1 to 3 years in prison in NY state for stealing over a $1.1 million from the foundation.
    (SFC, 6/14/05, p.A2)
2005        Jun 13, Philip Purcell announced that he would resign as CEO and Chairman of the Board at Morgan Stanley. He was forced out with a golden parachute valued at $113.7 million. Purcell had orchestrated the 1997 merger between Dean Witter and Morgan Stanley. In 2007 Patricia Beard authored “Blue Blood & Mutiny: The Fight for the soul of Morgan Stanley."
    (Econ, 10/13/07, p.98)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philip_J._Purcell)
2005        Jun 13, Scientists reported the discovery of an Earthlike planet orbiting the star Gliese 876, which is about 15 light-years from Earth. The planet was 2 million miles from its star and surface temperatures were estimated at 400-700 degrees.
    (SFC, 6/14/05, p.A3)
2005        Jun 13, Australia and Pakistan signed a new counter-terrorism pact during a visit by Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf.
    (AP, 6/13/05)
2005        Jun 13, Australia handed East Timor the base at Moleana, a tiny town near the border with Indonesia, signaling the end of a six-year mission that heralded a controversial new era of regional intervention in East Timor.
    (AP, 6/12/05)
2005        Jun 13, Burundi began forced repatriation of thousands of Rwandan refugees, who feared reprisals at home. The UN condemned the action.
    (WSJ, 6/14/05, p.A1)
2005        Jun 13, Ethiopia's main opposition leader was freed from house arrest after the country's main political parties agreed to work together for peace after 10 days of political unrest left at least 37 people dead.
    (AP, 6/14/05)
2005        Jun 13, In Ethiopia police shot and killed an opposition politician, prompting the arrest of six officers, as the government rejected an opposition offer to renew a peace deal.
    (AP, 6/14/05)
2005        Jun 13, The Paris Air Show opened. The Russian Lavochkin Association demonstrated a new escape pod for people trapped in tall, burning buildings.
    (Econ, 6/11/05, p.60)(Econ, 6/25/05, p.81)
2005        Jun 13, In India officials said at least 275 people have died from sunstroke and dehydration in northern India and neighboring Nepal and Bangladesh so far this summer, as high temperatures sweep the region ahead of the monsoon.
    (AP, 6/13/05)
2005        Jun 13, Iraqi insurgent commanders "apparently came face to face" with four American officials during meetings on June 3 and June 13 at a summer villa near Balad, about 25 miles north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 6/26/05)
2005        Jun 13, In Iraq 4 suicide car bombings and other insurgent attacks killed 10 people, and at least 16 Iraqis were wounded after militants opened fire on authorities trying to evacuate the injured from one of the blasts.
    (AP, 6/13/05)
2005        Jun 13, Israel was elected one of 21 vice-presidents of the next UN General Assembly session.
    (AP, 6/13/05)
2005        Jun 13, In Italy a Vatican-backed voter boycott helped defeat efforts to ease restrictions on assisted procreation and embryo research.
    (AP, 6/14/05)
2005        Jun 13, In Kashmir a bomb hidden in a pickup truck exploded in the bustling town of Pulwama, killing 15 people, including the suspected attacker, and injuring at least 60 others.
    (AP, 6/13/05)
2005        Jun 13, In Kyrgyzstan guards outside a hotel opened fire on hundreds of traders who had come to the southern city of Osh to demand fair market practices. 4 people were hurt.
    (AP, 6/13/05)
2005        Jun 13, In Martinique Patrick Mariello showed up at a police station to say he had set his ex-girlfriend's car on fire. The charred body of the 28-year-old was found near the car. In 2008 Mariello (32) Mariello testified that he was upset his ex-girlfriend never told him she had an affair with his best friend. He was convicted and sentenced to 20 years in prison.
    (AP, 5/17/08)
2005        Jun 13, Moroccan officials said at least 12 people, six of them children, drowned when a rubber dinghy carrying would-be immigrants to Europe capsized off Africa's northern coast.
    (AP, 6/13/05)
2005        Jun 13, In Nepal police arrested nearly 100 journalists during a protest to demand King Gyanendra immediately lift media restrictions imposed 4 months ago. At least 14 rebels and security force members were killed in a gunbattle.
    (AP, 6/13/05)
2005        Jun 13, Alvaro Cunhal (91), Portuguese Communist leader, died. He led Portugal's CP for half a century and became a national hero after the overthrow of the country's dictatorship.
    (AP, 6/13/05)
2005        Jun 13, Ukraine prosecutors said authorities had arrested the former head of Ukraine's peacekeeping troops in Iraq on charges of smuggling.
    (AP, 6/13/05)
2005        Jun 13, Mohammed ElBaradei won a third term as head of the U.N. nuclear watchdog agency.
    (AP, 6/13/05)

2005        Jun 14, US Army deserter Charles Jenkins, who crossed into North Korea in 1965, arrived in the United States for his first visit in 40 years.
    (AP, 6/14/06)
2005        Jun 14, Michelle Wie became the first female player to qualify for an adult male U.S. Golf Association championship, tying for first place in a 36-hole US Amateur Public Links sectional qualifying tournament.
    (AP, 6/14/06)
2005        Jun 14, The 7.0-magnitude quake struck northern California about 90 miles southwest of the coastal community of Crescent City, where a 1964 tsunami killed 11 people.
    (AP, 6/15/05)
2005        Jun 14, A health expert warned that Kabul is on the verge of a cholera epidemic, with more than 2,000 cases of the disease and at least eight deaths reported in recent weeks.
    (AP, 6/14/05)
2005        Jun 14, Fighting between about 90 suspected Taliban rebels and hundreds of Afghan soldiers and U.S.-led coalition troops left seven insurgents dead and 10 wounded, while a rebel attack on a medical clinic killed a doctor and six others.
    (AP, 6/15/05)
2005        Jun 14, The Argentine Supreme Court struck down 2 amnesty laws passed in the 1980s. Hundreds of people could be charged with torture, disappearances and babynapping during Argentina's "Dirty War" against dissidents.
    (AP, 6/14/05)(Econ, 6/25/05, p.39)
2005        Jun 14, A 7.9 earthquake rattled cities in Bolivia and Peru and heavily damaged mountain villages in northern Chile, killing at least 11 people including a family of 6.
    (WSJ, 6/14/05, p.A1)(AP, 6/15/05)
2005        Jun 14, Colombia unveiled its own version of a deck of cards for its most wanted insurgent leaders. Army officials planned to distribute 5,000 of the decks to soldiers battling the rebels across the country.
    (AP, 6/14/05)
2005        Jun 14, In Athens, Greece, Asafa Powell of Jamaica, broke the world 100-meter dash record with a time of 9.77 seconds.
    (WSJ, 6/15/05, p.A1)
2005        Jun 14, A bomb exploded outside a bank in Kirkuk, killing 23 people, including child street vendors and pensioners waiting for their checks. In Baghdad, the bodies of 24 men killed in ambushes were brought to a hospital. 5 Iraqi and 3 US soldiers were killed.
    (AP, 6/14/05)(WSJ, 6/15/05, p.A1)
2005        Jun 14, A senior US military official said up to 20 percent of suicide car bombers in Iraq are from Algeria, a sign of growing cooperation between Islamic extremists in northern Africa and like-minded Iraqis.
    (AP, 6/14/05)
2005        Jun 14, Carlo Maria Giulini (91), renowned conductor, died in Brescia, Italy.
    (SFC, 6/16/05, p.B7)
2005        Jun 14, Japanese automaker Toyota Motor Corp. broke ground on a new assembly plant in St. Petersburg, in a vote of confidence in the booming Russian consumer market despite investors' jitters over the Yukos case.
    (AP, 6/14/05)(Econ, 7/16/05, p.58)
2005        Jun 14, A strike called by Kashmir separatists paralyzed India's portion of the disputed Himalayan province, shutting almost all shops, schools and offices to protest an apparent suicide attack that killed 15 people and injured 60 a day earlier.
    (AP, 6/14/05)
2005        Jun 14, Raul Salinas, the brother of former Mexican president Carlos Salinas de Gortari, was released on bail after 10 years in prison on charges he masterminded the 1994 killing of a political rival.
    (AP, 6/14/05)
2005        Jun 14, Nepal freed all the journalists detained in a protest of media restrictions, bowing to international demands that the reporters be released at once.
    (AP, 6/14/05)
2005        Jun 14, President Thabo Mbeki dismissed his deputy Jacob Zuma, after he was implicated in a corruption scandal, throwing wide open the question of who will become the next leader of South Africa. Mbeki soon picked Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka, his minister for minerals and energy, to replace Zuma.
    (AP, 6/14/05)(Econ, 6/25/05, p.46)
2005        Jun 14, A UN report showed South America's cocaine output rose by 2 percent last year, bucking a five year downward trend as increases in Peru and Bolivia outpaced Colombia's clampdown on coca cultivation.
    (AP, 6/14/05)
2005        Jun 14, Zimbabwe reported that police have razed more than 20,000 shacks and other structures in what President Robert Mugabe called “Operation Murambatsvina," (drive out the rubbish), an urban cleanup campaign. Some 700,000 people had their homes or businesses destroyed in the campaign.
    (AP, 6/14/05)(Econ, 6/11/05, p.46)(Econ, 5/27/06, p.46)

2005        Jun 15, A Republican-led House voted to upend a provision of the Patriot Act that allows federal agents to examine people’s book-reading habits at public libraries. Pres. Bush threatened to veto any the Justice Dept. spending bill if it weakens the act.
    (SFC, 6/16/05, p.A1)
2005        Jun 15, Former Baylor basketball player Carlton Dotson was sentenced to 35 years in prison, a week after he unexpectedly pleaded guilty to murdering teammate Patrick Dennehy.
    (AP, 6/15/06)
2005        Jun 15, The autopsy released on Terri Schiavo backed the contention of her husband, Michael, that she was in a persistent vegetative state, finding she was severely and irreversibly brain-damaged and blind as well.
    (AP, 6/15/06)
2005        Jun 15, It was reported that Microsoft Corp. will provide computer training to more than 2,000 disadvantaged youths in rural Bangladesh over the next year.
    (AP, 6/15/05)
2005        Jun 15, The opera “Gertrude Stein Invents A Jump Early On" with music by William C. Banfield (b.1961) and words by Karren LaLonde Alenier (b.1947) had its world premiere by the Encompass New Opera Theatre in New York City under the direction of Nancy Rhodes.
    (www.steinopera.com)
2005        Jun 15, In Afghanistan 4 people, including 2 boys, were killed by mines.
    (AP, 6/16/05)
2005        Jun 15, Armenia said Azerbaijan was stockpiling more arms than permitted by treaty.
    (WSJ, 6/16/05, p.A1)
2005        Jun 15, Blairo Maggi, Brazilian soyabean magnate, governor of Mato Grosso, and winner of this year’s Greenpeace “golden chainsaw" award for deforestation, refused to accept the award and slunk out through the back door of the school he was visiting, to the taunting shouts of hundreds of children.
    (Econ, 8/8/09, p.70)(www.treehugger.com/files/2005/06/brazilian_soy_k.php)
2005        Jun 15, Canada's minority government survived a series of confidence votes, boosting Prime Minister Paul Martin and greatly reducing the risk his scandal-battered Liberal Party government could fall.
    (AP, 6/15/05)
2005        Jun 15, China's biggest automaker, FAW Car Co., warned that its first-half net profit could fall by more than 50 percent amid sluggish sales, rising costs and government moves to tighten credit for buying cars.
    (AP, 6/15/05)
2005        Jun 15, Diego Murillo, a brutal paramilitary warlord who made a fortune in Colombia's drug trade, demobilized more than 400 of his AUC fighters at a ceremony under a peace deal critics say could let him get away with murder.
    (AP, 6/15/05)
2005        Jun 15, A US-based human rights group said thousands of people have been arrested across Ethiopia following violent clashes in which police killed 36 people.
    (AP, 6/15/05)
2005        Jun 15, The EU commission slapped a 40 million pound fine on pharmaceutical giant AstraZeneca for illegally pushing rivals of a stomach ulcer medicine out of the market.
    (AP, 6/15/05)
2005        Jun 15, In Guatemala a rain-sodden hillside gave way and buried houses in seven neighborhoods of a rural town, killing at least 21 people.
    (AP, 6/16/05)
2005        Jun 15, Veteran civil servant Donald Tsang effectively won Hong Kong's leadership race, filing papers that showed he had the solid backing of an election committee that picks the Chinese territory's leaders.
    (AP, 6/15/05)
2005        Jun 15, India passed its Rights for Information Act.
    (Econ, 3/12/11, p.18)(http://rti.gov.in/webactrti.htm)
2005        Jun 15, Indonesia reported its 1st human case of bird flu.
    (SFC, 6/16/05, p.A3)
2005        Jun 15, Iraqi troops, backed by US forces, freed Douglas Wood, an Australian-born contract engineer, after six weeks in captivity. The release came as a suicide bomber dressed in an Iraqi army uniform blew himself up in a mess hall north of Baghdad, killing at least 25 Iraqi soldiers and injuring 27. A suicide car bomber slammed into 3 police cars on patrol in eastern Baghdad, killing 8 officers. Brutal attacks across Iraq killed more than 50 people.
    (AP, 6/15/05)(SFC, 6/16/05, p.A1)
2005        Jun 15, Mexico's Supreme Court ruled that former Mexican President Luis Echeverria can be charged with genocide for his alleged involvement in the 1971 massacre of student protesters.
    (AP, 6/15/05)
2005        Jun 15, A militant group in Nigeria's oil-rich Niger Delta region kidnapped 2 German and 4 Nigerian workers of a contractor firm providing service for Anglo-Dutch oil giant Shell.
    (AP, 6/15/05)
2005        Jun 15, OPEC agreed to increase its production quota by half a million barrels a day in an effort to cool high crude oil costs that have dampened the global economy.
    (AP, 6/15/05)
2005        Jun 15, Poland said it will cut its 1,700-troop deployment to Iraq this summer by as many as 300 troops.
    (AP, 6/15/05)
2005        Jun 15, In Romania Maricica Irina Cornici (23), an Orthodox nun, was found dead, gagged and chained to a cross. Father Daniel (29), the superior of the Holy Trinity monastery, had ordered the crucifixion of the young nun because she was "possessed by the devil."  The Orthodox priest faced murder charges and was unrepentant as he celebrated a funeral mass for his alleged victim. [see Jun 22]
    (AFP, 6/18/05)
2005        Jun 15, In Russia authorities failed to contain a spill of heavy fuel from a derailed train and it flowed into waterways that supply Moscow with drinking water. Some 770 tons of thick, tar-like fuel spilled from more than a dozen tanker cars that went off the tracks about 100 miles northwest of Moscow.
    (AP, 6/17/05)
2005        Jun 15, In Russia 2 explosions ripped through a petroleum storage depot outside Moscow, killing two workers, injuring another and forcing the evacuation of hundreds from nearby homes and a hospital.
    (AP, 6/15/05)
2005        Jun 15, Spanish authorities said police had arrested 16 Islamic terror suspects in raids in several cities, including 11 men accused of having ties to Abu-Musab al-Zarqawi's group al-Qaida in Iraq and recruiting people for suicide attacks there.
    (AP, 6/15/05)
2005        Jun 15, Sri Lanka's president vowed to go ahead with a deal to share tsunami aid with the rebel Tamil Tigers, despite a threat by a ruling coalition partner to leave the government if she does not back down.
    (AP, 6/15/05)
2005        Jun 15, Vietnam reported 6 new cases of bird flu in the past week.
    (WSJ, 6/15/05, p.A15)

2005        Jun 16, On the eve of Iran's presidential election, President Bush said the voting was designed to keep power in the hands of a few rulers "through an electoral process that ignores the basic requirements of democracy."
    (AP, 6/16/06)
2005        Jun 16, James Weinstein (b.1926), historian and founder of the political magazine “In These Times," died in Chicago.
    (SFC, 6/25/05, p.B4)
2005        Jun 16, Taliban rebels ambushed a police convoy in southern Afghanistan, taking at least 10 officers and a district police chief captive.
    (AP, 6/18/05)
2005        Jun 16, Australian scientists said they have found a way to make blood cells in volume out of human master cells, which could eventually lead to production of safe blood cells for transfusions and organ transplants.
    (Reuters, 6/16/05)
2005        Jun 16, In Brazil Chief of Staff Jose Dirceu resigned over accusations he knew of a vote-buying scheme in Congress, becoming the highest-ranking official hit by a scandal that has shaken President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva's administration.
    (AP, 6/16/05)(Econ, 6/25/05, p.37)
2005        Jun 16, In northwestern Cambodia a man driven by a grudge against his former employer spearheaded an assault on an international school in Siem Reap, taking dozens of children hostage and silencing a crying a 2-year-old Canadian boy by shooting him in the head.
    (AP, 6/17/05)(SFC, 6/17/05, p.A3)
2005        Jun 16, EU leaders put on hold plans to unite their 25 nations under a single constitution.
    (AP, 6/16/06)
2005        Jun 16, Officials said the Peace Corps has suspended operations in Haiti and evacuated its 16 volunteers because of increasing violence.
    (AP, 6/16/05)
2005        Jun 16, India allowed foreign funds to invest in local news publications, widening the potential investor base within a 26 percent ceiling on foreign ownership. Foreign firms were allowed to own 100% of non-news publications.
    (AP, 6/16/05)(Econ, 3/1/08, p.44)
2005        Jun 16, A roadside bomb attack killed five US Marines, and gunfire killed an American sailor in a western Iraqi town. A suicide car bomber slammed into a truck that was carrying policemen along the main road connecting Baghdad with its airport, killing at least eight officers and injuring at least 25.
    (AP, 6/16/05)
2005        Jun 16, Yoshiaki Tsutsumi, Japanese resort and railroad kingpin, pleaded guilty to charges of insider trading and falsifying records at the opening of his trial. This was widely seen as a symbol of the growing pressures toward transparency and social responsibility in corporate Japan.
    (AP, 6/16/05)(SFC, 6/17/05, p.C1)
2005        Jun 16, Board members of the UN atomic watchdog agency approved a deal that exempts Saudi Arabia from nuclear inspections, despite serious misgivings about the arrangement in an era of heightened proliferation fears.
    (AP, 6/16/05)
2005        Jun 16, Marxists lawmakers quit Sri Lanka's governing coalition over the president's plan to share tsunami relief with ethnic Tamil rebels.
    (AP, 6/16/05)

2005        Jun 17, The US Roman Catholic bishops agreed to a five-year extension on their unprecedented policy of permanently barring sexually abusive clergy from church work.
    (AP, 6/17/06)
2005        Jun 17, MasterCard International said a security breach had exposed about 40 million payment cards of various brands to potential fraud in the biggest such privacy violation ever reported. The breach was traced to Atlanta-based CardSystems Solutions.
    (Reuters, 6/18/05)(SSFC, 6/19/05, p.A3)
2005        Jun 17, The US reported that its Current Account Trade Deficit, the broadest measure of international trade, rose to an all-time high of $195.1 billion from January through March of this year as the country sank deeper into debt to Japan, China and other nations.
    (AP, 6/17/05)
2005        Jun 17, Marcus Wesson, the domineering patriarch of a large clan he'd bred through incest, was convicted in Fresno, Calif., of murdering nine of his children. Wesson was later sentenced to death.
    (AP, 6/17/06)
2005        Jun 17, Dennis Kozlowski, former CEO of Tyco Int’l., and Mark Swartz, former CFO, were convicted on all but one of 31 counts of various fraud charges. They were convicted of looting their company of more than $600 million.
    (SFC, 6/18/05, p.C1)(AP, 6/17/06)
2005        Jun 17, Crude oil prices for July delivery hit a record high closing at $58.47 a barrel.
    (AP, 6/18/05)(SFC, 6/18/05, p.C1)
2005        Jun 17, Bank of America signed an agreement to buy a 9 percent stake in state-owned China Construction Bank for $3 billion, the largest single purchase of stock in a Chinese bank by a foreign financial institution.
    (AP, 6/17/05)
2005        Jun 17, San Francisco enacted its Environmentally Preferable Purchasing for Commodities Ordnance. It became the 1st US city take public health and environmental stewardship into consideration when purchasing products.
    (SFC, 6/18/05, p.B2)
2005        Jun 17, Australia pledged to ease a controversial policy of locking up refugees.
    (AFP, 6/18/05)
2005        Jun 17, Egyptian security forces in the Sinai mountains clashed with suspects in deadly attacks last year on Red Sea resorts. Security officials said a soldier and a fugitive were killed and four other soldiers were wounded.
    (AP, 6/18/05)
2005        Jun 17, In Germany former US Pres. George Bush, one-time Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev and former German Chancellor Helmut Kohl received an award for their role in ending Germany's Cold War division.
    (AP, 6/18/05)
2005        Jun 17, In Haiti police raided a slum of Bel Air teeming with gangs loyal to ousted President Jean-Bertrand Aristide. Residents accused the officials of killing two people, including a 17-year-old girl.
    (AP, 6/17/05)
2005        Jun 17, Iranians voted in an election shaping up as the closest presidential race since the 1979 Islamic Revolution. Young people disillusioned by the theocracy called for a boycott of the balloting. Voters failed to give any candidate an outright majority and hard-liners made an unexpectedly strong showing. A 2nd round between former president Rafsanjani and conservative Tehran mayor Ahmadinejad was scheduled in a week.
    (AP, 6/17/05)(AP, 6/18/05)(WSJ, 6/20/05, p.A13)
2005        Jun 17, The US military launched a major combat operation with 1,000 Marines and Iraqi soldiers in the hunt for insurgents and foreign fighters in a volatile western province straddling Syria.
    (AP, 6/17/05)
2005        Jun 17, In Iraq 2 US soldiers were killed and one was wounded during a small-arms skirmish with insurgents in Karabilah. A car bomb blew up outside a mosque in the western town of Habaniyah, killing four people and injuring another 15.
    (AP, 6/17/05)(AP, 6/18/05)
2005        Jun 17, In Kyrgyzstan several hundred unarmed supporters of a presidential hopeful who was denied registration in next month's election stormed the government headquarters. Troops with truncheons and tear gas beat back protesters in the biggest unrest in Kyrgyzstan since its longtime president was ousted in March. The clash injured 39 people.
    (AP, 6/17/05)
2005        Jun 17, In Northern Ireland Roman Catholic hard-liners assaulted police and Protestant marchers in a religiously polarized part of Belfast, and nearly 30 people were injured.
    (AP, 6/18/05)
2005        Jun 17, Pakistan said it has completed arrangements to sell 26 percent of its state-run telephone company amid employee protests over the sale.
    (AP, 6/17/05)

2005        Jun 18, Former Texas Congressman J.J. “Jake" Pickle died in Austin at age 91.
    (AP, 6/18/06)
2005        Jun 18, In Australia more than a dozen Chinese nationals detained for immigration violations slashed their wrists and body parts in attempted suicide fearing they will be deported.
    (AFP, 6/18/05)
2005        Jun 18, In Austria an explosion ripped through a pizzeria in a town in the southeastern province of Styria, killing 2 children and injuring 7, in a blast that may have been the result of an attack.
    (AP, 6/19/05)
2005        Jun 18, In Azerbaijan thousands of demonstrators chanting "Freedom" and carrying portraits of President Bush marched across Baku, demanding the resignation of the government and free parliamentary elections.
    (AP, 6/18/05)
2005        Jun 18, Calgary, Canada, declared an unprecedented state of emergency as flood fears prompted by heavy rain forced 2,000 residents to be ordered out of their homes.
    (CP, 6/19/05)
2005        Jun 18, It was reported that rising waters in China's central Dongting Lake, one of the nation's largest freshwater bodies, are forcing millions of rats into surrounding farmlands where the rodents are ravaging crops.
    (AP, 6/18/05)
2005        Jun 18, EU leaders blamed each other after a summit collapsed without any real agreement on what lies ahead for the half-century project of uniting the continent. But they agreed Europe is in a crisis.
    (AP, 6/18/05) 
2005        Jun 18, In Guatemala huge explosions rocked a weapons storehouse on a military base north of Guatemala City. There were no casualties.
    (AP, 6/19/05)
2005        Jun 18, Reliance, India's largest private sector conglomerate, said the $24 billion group would be split between Anil and Mukesh Ambani in a deal brokered by their mother.
    (AP, 6/19/05)(WSJ, 6/20/05, p.A13)(Econ, 6/25/05, p.58)
2005        Jun 18, Iraqi forces and US Marines battled insurgents on two fronts in a restive western province, killing about 50 militants. It was the 2nd day of Operation Spear, Romhe in Arabic, the military’s latest campaign to stop foreign fighters infiltrating from neighboring Syria. In Baghdad a 10-year-old Iraqi girl was killed and 2 people were injured when a roadside bomb missed a passing American military convoy and detonated near the child.
    (AP, 6/18/05)
2005        Jun 18, In Kyrgyzstan Mukar Cholponbayev, who served as speaker of the Central Asian nation's lower parliament house in the late 1990s, was arrested in the capital Bishkek for allegedly helping to organize the previous day’s takeover of the government headquarters.
    (AP, 6/19/05)
2005        Jun 18, Militants in southern Nigeria released six oil workers taken hostage by a group demanding $20 million from Shell for local communities.
    (AP, 6/18/05)
2005        Jun 18, The Palestinian parliament passed a compromise election law afternoon removing a major hurdle to new legislative elections that were originally scheduled for next month but were postponed indefinitely.
    (AP, 6/18/05)
2005        Jun 18, Palestinian militants attacked a Gaza Strip settlement, sparking a gunbattle that killed one of the attackers and wounded another.
    (AP, 6/18/05)
2005        Jun 18, The beheaded bodies of a Laotian couple were found in southern Thailand over the weekend and were believed to be the latest victims of Muslim separatist violence.
    (AP, 6/19/05)
2005        Jun 18, A senior Saudi police officer was killed in a drive-by shooting in Mecca.
    (AP, 6/19/05)
2005        Jun 18, In Scotland a couple was wed in Britain's first legally recognized humanist ceremony. 12 members of the Humanist Society of Scotland were granted the right to legally conduct marriages by the country's registrar general starting June 1.
    (AP, 6/19/05)
2005         Jun 18, In Spain ETA announced it will no longer kill elected members of political parties.
    (AP, 3/22/06)
2005        Jun 18, Sudan signed a reconciliation deal with one of the country's largest opposition groupings. The accord with the National Democratic Alliance is part of the government's drive to clean up Sudan's multiple political and military conflicts.
    (AP, 6/18/05)
2005        Jun 18, Venezuela said another land holding of Britain’s Vestey Group Ltd. has been found to be idle and rightfully belongs to the state. The 67,000-acre ranch, owned by Vestey subsidiary Agroflora, was reported to be underutilized.
    (WSJ, 6/21/05, p.A14)

2005        Jun 19, Michael Campbell answered every challenge Tiger Woods threw his way for a two-shot victory in the U.S. Open.
    (AP, 6/19/06)
2005        Jun 19, Fourteen Formula One drivers refused to participate in the United States Grand Prix because of unresolved concerns over the safety of their Michelin tires. The race was won by Michael Schumacher, one of six drivers who raced using Bridgestone tires.
    (AP, 6/19/06)
2005        Jun 19, In southern Afghanistan US warplanes and helicopters opened fire on a group of suspected rebels after the ambush of a coalition convoy, killing 15-20 militants.
    (AP, 6/19/05)(SFC, 6/20/05, p.A3)
2005        Jun 19, China’s Xinhua news agency reported that the China Regulatory Commission had approved 42 more companies to take part in a state share reform program. 4 maiden companies were named a month earlier.
    (WSJ, 6/20/05, p.C16)
2005        Jun 19, Top Croatian financial officials left for Washington to present a package of fiscal proposals that should shore up this year's budget and save the stand-by arrangement with the International Monetary Fund.
    (AP, 6/19/05)
2005        Jun 19, Local Cuban media reported that the communist government has revoked some 2,000 licenses from self-employed workers across the island, part of a campaign to reassert state control over the economy.
    (AP, 6/20/05)
2005        Jun 19, A new, domestic French low-cost airline, Air Turquoise, took to the skies, opening budget routes from the northeast city of Reims to Bordeaux, Marseille and Nice.
    (AP, 6/19/05)
2005        Jun 19, Guinea-Bissau began its first presidential election since a 2003 coup, with 13 contenders vying to become the West African country's leader. The candidates include the man the military ousted two years ago.
    (AP, 6/19/05)
2005        Jun 19, A suicide bombing ripped through a popular Baghdad kebab restaurant at lunchtime, killing 23 people and wounding 36. A suicide car bomber struck an Iraqi military checkpoint north of Baghdad, killing two soldiers and one civilian, officials said. Thirteen others were wounded.
    (AP, 6/19/05)(SFC, 6/20/05, p.A1)
2005        Jun 19, Israel publicly apologized to the US over arms exports to China that have drawn criticism from Washington and strained U.S.-Israeli security ties.
    (AP, 6/19/05)
2005        Jun 19, In Lebanon voters cast their ballot in the last round of elections. The anti-Syrian opposition secured a majority in the Lebanese parliament, after opposition candidates swept all seats in the last round of elections. The winning pro-Western coalition became known as the March 14th alliance after the recent big anti-Syrian demonstrations.
    (AP, 6/20/05)(Econ, 11/13/10, p.53)
2005        Jun 19, Mauritius expected that by year's end, or soon afterward, to become the world's first nation with coast-to-coast wireless Internet coverage, the first country to become one big "hot spot."
    (CT, 6/19/05)
2005        Jun 19, Mexico City introduced metrobus, a new Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) system.
    (SSFC, 8/7/05, p.A11)
2005        Jun 19, A South Korean soldier threw a grenade at his commander and then opened fire on fellow soldiers near the border with communist North Korea, killing 8 and injuring 2 others.
    (AP, 6/19/05)
2005        Jun 19, Palestinian militants fired light arms and rocket-propelled grenades at Israelis near an army post on the Gaza-Egypt border, wounding 3 Israelis. One militant was killed in the attack.
    (AP, 6/19/05)
2005        Jun 19, Voters in Spain's northwest Galicia region were deciding whether to extend the 15-year rule of Manuel Fraga (82), the last surviving politician of Gen. Francisco Franco's regime. Fraga had served as Interior Minister from 1975-1976, when police still occasionally  fired on demonstrators.
    (AP, 6/19/05)(Econ, 4/17/10, p.57)
2005        Jun 19, Eastern Sudanese rebels launched a major offensive near the country's main port, capturing government troops in what Khartoum charged was an operation mounted with the complicity of Eritrea.
    (AP, 6/20/05)
2005        Jun 19, Vietnam’s PM Phan Van Khai (71) arrived in Seattle. The first visit to America by a prime minister from Vietnam in 30 years was greeted by demonstrators shouting "Down with communists!" and calling for an end to political and religious persecution in Vietnam. Khai hoped to strengthen ties with Washington during his weeklong US tour.
    (AP, 6/20/05)

2005        Jun 20, During a joint news conference with European leaders, President Bush said he was determined to complete the mission of establishing democracy in Iraq because the world would be a better place for it.
    (AP, 6/20/06)
2005        Jun 20, A US federal judge threw out evidence against four men charged with laundering more than $60 million through their chain of US Virgin Islands grocery stores, ruling that FBI agents acted in "reckless disregard for the truth."
    (AP, 6/21/05)
2005        Jun 20, John Rigas (80), founder of Adelphia Corp., was sentenced to 15 years in prison for looting the firm and lying about finances. His son, Timothy Rigas, his ex-finance chief, received a 20-year sentence.
    (SFC, 6/21/05, p.D1)
2005        Jun 20, California state and federal officials set aside $2 million to determine why smelt and other species in the San Joaquin and Sacramento River Delta has dropped sharply. Numerous causes were suspect including nonnative predators and increasing herbicide and pesticide runoff as well as water draw down to supply Southern California and the Central Valley.
    (SFC, 6/21/05, p.B3)
2005        Jun 20, H.J. Heinz Co., the largest ketchup maker in the US, said it has agreed to buy the HP Foods and Lea & Perrins sauce divisions from France's Groupe Danone for $852 mil.
    (AP, 6/20/05)
2005        Jun 20, Charles D. Keeling (b.1928), American atmospheric chemist, died in Montana. His monitoring of the pure air at Mauna Loa, Hawaii, and the South Pole, begun in 1958, provided CO2 readings that climbed steadily and became known as the Keeling Curve.
    (WSJ, 6/24/05, p.A1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_David_Keeling)
2005        Jun 20, Jack Kilby (b.1923), Nobel Prize winner and co-inventor of the integrated circuit (1958), died in Dallas.
    (SFC, 6/22/05, p.A5)(Econ, 7/25/05, p.75)
2005        Jun 20, Bernard Schriever (b.1910), German-born American general. He played a major role in the U.S. Air Force programs for space and ballistic missile research. In 2009 Neill Sheehan authored “A Fiery Peace in a Cold War: Bernard Schriever and the Ultimate Weapon."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bernard_Adolph_Schriever)(SSFC, 10/25/09, Books p.F3)
2005        Jun 20, Fierce fighting between Taliban rebels and Afghan security forces left 18 insurgents and three others dead.
    (AP, 6/20/05)
2005        Jun 20, Dutch scientists reported that folic acid improved the memory of older adults.
    (SFC, 6/21/05, p.A3)
2005        Jun 20, European Union agriculture ministers agreed to share out an annual 12.7 billion-euro ($15.51 billion) package to support rural development.
    (AP, 6/21/05)
2005        Jun 20, India raised retail petrol and diesel prices by about 7 percent, the first increase since November.
    (AP, 6/20/05)
2005        Jun 20, India approved a free-trade agreement with Singapore.
    (WSJ, 6/21/05, p.A14)
2005        Jun 20, In Iraq a suicide car bomber killed at least 15 traffic police and wounded about 100 more outside the unit's headquarters in the northern Kurdish city of Irbil. Suicide attacks left 37 dead.
    (AP, 6/20/05)(WSJ, 6/21/05, p.A1)
2005        Jun 20, Japan said it would dramatically expand its research whaling, doubling the number of minke whales it kills annually for scientific study.
    (AP, 6/20/05)
2005        Jun 20, The leaders of Japan and South Korea failed to make progress on mending ties damaged by a territorial dispute over islands in the Sea of Japan and a flap over Tokyo's militaristic past during a tense summit.
    (AP, 6/20/05)
2005        Jun 20, Massouma al-Mubarak, Kuwait's first female Cabinet member, took the oath of office over the shouts of Muslim fundamentalist and tribal lawmakers opposed to women in politics.
    (AP, 6/20/06)
2005        Jun 20, Palestinian gunmen ambushed an Israeli minivan driving through the northern West Bank, riddling the vehicle with bullets, killing one passenger and wounding a second.
    (AP, 6/20/05)
2005        Jun 20, In Thailand 3 Muslim men were shop dead in Pattani.
    (Econ, 7/23/05, p.40)
2005        Jun 20, In Vietnam officials said 2 more people from northern Vietnam have been sickened with bird flu, and thousands of chickens have dropped dead in the south.
    (AP, 6/20/05)

2005        Jun 21, President Bush told Vietnamese Prime Minister Phan Van Khai that he supports Vietnam's bid to join the WTO, in the first visit by the Vietnamese leader since the war.
    (AP, 6/21/05)
2005        Jun 21, It was reported that the number of California state employees who earned over $132,000 nearly doubled from 2002 to 2004.
    (SFC, 6/21/05, p.A1)
2005        Jun 21, American warplanes pounded a suspected Taliban safe haven in southern Afghanistan in an assault that left up to 76 insurgents and five policeman dead and five U.S. soldiers wounded.
    (AP, 6/22/05)(SFC, 6/23/05, p.A10)
2005        Jun 21, Edgar Ray Killen (80) was convicted in Philadelphia, Miss., of manslaughter in the 1964 abduction and killing of 3 voter-registration volunteers.
    (SFC, 6/22/05, p.A1)
2005        Jun 21, US researchers said a common virus that is harmless to people can destroy cancerous cells in the body and might be developed into a new cancer therapy. The adeno-associated virus type 2, or AAV-2, infects an estimated 80 percent of the population.
    (Reuters, 6/22/05)
2005        Jun 21, In Argentina retired Gen. Guillermo Suarez Mason (81), a former junta commander under arrest in connection with probes of suspected illegal adoptions dating to the past dictatorship.
    (AP, 6/21/05)
2005        Jun 21, Austria’s Health Minister Maria Rauch-Kallat announced a cow in an alpine farm Austria has been found to be infected with mad cow disease.
    (AP, 6/21/05)
2005        Jun 21, China appointed Donald Tsang as Hong Kong's new leader for the next 2 years. The veteran civil servant expressed confidence the territory will become more democratic.
    (AP, 6/21/05)
2005        Jun 21, In Ecuador police reported the break up an international cocaine ring led by a Lebanese restaurant owner suspected of raising money for Hezbollah, the Shiite Muslim group the U.S. classifies as a terrorist organization.
    (AP, 6/22/05)
2005        Jun 21, President Bharrat Jagdeo said Guyana will hire 600 new police officers and loosen rules on wiretapping and asset seizures as part of a strategy to fight increasing drug trafficking.
    (AP, 6/21/05)
2005        Jun 21, In Iraq 3 US soldiers were killed by small-arms fire during combat operations in Ramadi.
    (AP, 6/22/05)
2005        Jun 21, In southern Israel a passenger train plowed into a coal truck and sent three cars tumbling off the tracks in a sunflower field, killing seven people and injuring nearly 200.
    (AP, 6/21/05)
2005        Jun 21, A high-level delegation from North Korea arrived in Seoul for bilateral talks and was immediately confronted by demonstrators who angered the visitors by displaying posters of their leader, Kim Jong Il, tied up in ropes.
    (AP, 6/21/05)
2005        Jun 21, The International Whaling Commission meting in South Korea upheld its nearly two-decade-old ban on commercial whaling.
    (AP, 6/21/05)
2005        Jun 21, In Lebanon George Hawi (67), a former Communist boss and critic of Syria, was killed when his car blew up on a Beirut street in the 2nd slaying of an anti-Syrian figure this month.
    (AP, 6/24/05)
2005        Jun 21, Nuevo Laredo Mayor Daniel Pena said that 150 police officers will be fired after failing a screening process that included background checks and drug testing. Former Mexican soldiers, turned into drug hit men (Zetas), have taken the border city to the brink of anarchy, infiltrating local police and threatening anyone who gets in their way.
    (AP, 6/21/05)
2005        Jun 21, Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas and Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon met for the first time since declaring a February truce, but the summit was clouded by Israel's arrest of 52 Islamic Jihad activists and a missile strike in the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 6/21/05)
2005        Jun 21, In Manila Cardinal Jaime Sin (76), an outspoken advocate of democracy who played a key role in the "people power" revolts that ousted two Philippine presidents, died.
    (AP, 6/21/05)(Econ, 7/2/05, p.77)
2005        Jun 21, A Russian Northern Fleet submarine launched the world's first solar-sail spacecraft, $4 million Cosmos 1, but the craft failed to reach orbit.
    (AFP, 6/22/05)(SFC, 6/22/05, p.A4)
2005        Jun 21, Saudi security forces killed two suspected terrorists accused of fatally shooting a senior security official outside his home.
    (AP, 6/21/05)
2005        Jun 21, Taiwan sent two warships to protect fishermen who have repeatedly been chased by Japanese patrol boats away from rich fishing grounds near disputed islands in the East China Sea, a decision likely to raise diplomatic tensions.
    (AP, 6/21/05)

2005        Jun 22, A US Senate committee charged Jack Abramoff, a Washington lobbyist, and Michael Scanlon, a public relations executive, in a scheme that overcharged Indian tribes, faked invoices, and shuffled money between nonprofit groups and charities to conceal their involvement and avoid paying taxes. Of $66 million collected since 2001, $22 million went directly to Abramoff.
    (SFC, 6/23/05, p.A5)
2005        Jun 22, The US reported plans to send 50,000 tons of food to North Korea.
    (WSJ, 6/23/05, p.A1)
2005        Jun 22, US drug agents launched a wide-ranging crackdown on medical marijuana providers in northern California, raiding pot clubs, homes and businesses in San Francisco and arresting a husband and wife in Sacramento. The operation followed a 2-year investigation dubbed “Operation Urban harvest."
    (AP, 6/23/05)(SFC, 6/23/05, p.A1)(SFC, 6/24/05, p.B4)
2005        Jun 22, Amnesty International and Oxfam said arms exports from Group of Eight nations such as Britain and the United States to poor, conflict-ridden countries are fueling poverty and human rights abuses there.
    (AP, 6/22/05)
2005        Jun 22, US military said a US Air Force U-2 spy plane involved in a mission in Afghanistan crashed while returning to its base in the United Arab Emirates, killing the pilot.
    (AP, 6/22/05)
2005        Jun 22, Ameritrade Holding said it will acquire TD Waterhouse from Toronto Dominion Bank, in a deal estimated at $2.25 bil.
    (SFC, 6/23/05, p.C1)
2005        Jun 22, The IBM BlueGene/L System at Lawrence Livermore National Lab., a computer with 62,000 microprocessors, was crowned king among supercomputers at a conference in Germany.
    (SFC, 6/22/05, p.C1)
2005        Jun 22, Chinese state-run oil firm CNOOC Ltd. announced an $18.5 billion cash offer for U.S. producer Unocal will prevail in the takeover battle with Chevron Corp.
    (AP, 6/23/05)(SFC, 6/23/05, p.A1)
2005        Jun 22, Xinhua News said flooding triggered by torrential rains killed at least 27 people and forced the evacuation of more than 300,000 in a mountainous region of southern China.
    (AP, 6/22/05)
2005        Jun 22, It was reported that China's Pearl River estuary is so badly polluted the fish that once thrived in its waters have virtually vanished.
    (AFP, 6/23/05)
2005        Jun 22, Colombia’s Congress passed a bill granting reduced punishments to right-wing warlords who disarm, a key step in Pres. Uribe's strategy to wind down a decades-long conflict.
    (AP, 6/22/05)
2005        Jun 22, The European Commission unveiled proposals for a radical overhaul on EU sugar subsidies.
    (Econ, 6/25/05, p.73)
2005        Jun 22, The European Union's head office told Portugal to cut its burgeoning budget deficit and public debt, saying the country's economic slowdown was no excuse for violating euro-zone rules on sound finances.
    (AP, 6/22/05)
2005        Jun 22, Senior peacekeepers said more than 15,000 gunmen have joined a UN disarmament process in Congo's Ituri district but that militias were still rearming and regrouping despite intense UN military operations.
    (Reuters, 6/22/05)
2005        Jun 22, Egyptian police opened the streets of north Cairo to political protests against and in favor of President Hosni Mubarak, giving the opposition a chance to argue their case with ordinary people.
    (Reuters, 6/22/05)
2005        Jun 22, In Iraq gunmen killed a former judge whose name once was on a list of Sunni Arabs joining a parliamentary committee to draft Iraq's new constitution. Separately, a Filipino hostage was released after almost eight months in captivity. 4 car bombs exploded at dusk, killing at least 23 people, including sidewalk diners and passengers at a bus station in Baghdad. In all, at least 32 people were killed across Iraq, including a prominent Sunni law professor assassinated by gunmen.
    (AP, 6/22/05)
2005        Jun 22, In La Spezia, Italy, 10 former members of the Nazi SS were convicted in absentia of taking part in the 1944 massacre of more than 500 villagers in the Tuscan village of Sant'Anna di Stazzema and sentenced to life in prison.
    (AP, 6/22/05)
2005        Jun 22, Consuelo Velazquez (b.1916), Mexican pianist and composer, died. Her music included Besame Mucho, first recorded in 1941 by Emilio Tuero. It was the romantic vision of a chaste, convent-educated teenager growing up in 1930s Mexico, and was inspired by the sight of a smooching couple in the street.
    (www.guardian.co.uk/news/2005/jan/26/guardianobituaries.artsobituaries1)
2005        Jun 22, North Korea said it would not need nuclear weapons if the US treated it like a friend, as the isolated nation joined South Korea for high-level reconciliation talks.
    (AP, 6/22/05)
2005        Jun 22, The first Palestinian-Israeli summit in four months failed to propel peace prospects forward or solidify a shaky truce, leaving main issues unresolved and both sides disappointed.
    (AP, 6/22/05)
2005        Jun 22, Palestinian gunmen fired shots and detonated an explosive device as PM Ahmed Qureia left a building in a West Bank refugee camp where he was lecturing militants on the need to restore order to the streets.
    (AP, 6/22/05)
2005        Jun 22, A Romanian monk and four nuns were charged with murder after a nun died during an exorcism. Maricica Irina Cornici (23) was crucified and left without food for three days. [see Jun 15]
    (AP, 6/23/05)
2005        Jun 22, South Asia endured one of its hottest summers on record and at least 375 people were reported to have died from sunstroke and dehydration in a month-long heat wave sweeping India, Nepal, Pakistan and Bangladesh.
    (Reuters, 6/22/05)
2005        Jun 22, A lawmaker from Thailand's ruling party fell to his death from his 10th floor apartment, followed a few hours later by a woman with whom he had been quarreling. Separately suspected Islamic separatists beheaded a man at a teashop and then left his head in a sack on the side of the road.
    (AP, 6/22/05)
2005        Jun 22, An explosion blasted through an oil tanker moored for repairs off Trinidad's west coast, killing two people and leaving two missing.
    (AP, 6/23/05)
2005        Jun 22, The UN Security Council voted to temporarily enlarge the peacekeeping mission in Haiti by more than 1,000 troops and police in the run-up to elections set for later this year.
    (AP, 6/22/05)

2005        Jun 23, The San Antonio Spurs won a thrilling Game 7 over Detroit Pistons, 81-74, to claim the NBA championship.
    (AP, 6/23/06)
2005        Jun 23, The White House defended presidential adviser Karl Rove against Democratic demands he apologize or quit for saying "liberals saw the savagery of the 9/11 attacks and wanted to prepare indictments and offer therapy and understanding for our attackers" while conservatives "saw the savagery of 9/11 and the attacks and prepared for war."
    (AP, 6/23/06)
2005        Jun 23, In Kelo vs. London a divided US Supreme Court ruled 5-4 that local governments may seize people's homes and businesses against their will for private development. In 2006 a group petitioned for signatures in Weare, New Hampshire, to seize the home of Justice David Souter in order to build an inn called the Lost Liberty Hotel. In 2009 Jeff Benedict authored “Little Pink House," the story of Susette Kelo’s battle in New London, Connecticut, against eminent domain.
    (AP, 6/23/05)(WSJ, 6/24/05, p.A1)(Econ, 8/20/05, p.21)(SSFC, 1/22/06, p.A6)(WSJ, 1/26/08, p.A13)
2005        Jun 23, Former Ku Klux Klansman Edgar Ray Killen was sentenced to 60 years in prison for the 1964 Mississippi slayings of three civil rights workers.
    (AP, 6/23/06)
2005        Jun 23, Joseph Massino, who went from the New York Mafia's last old-school don to its highest-ranking turncoat in a betrayal that rocked organized crime, was sentenced to life in prison after admitting his involvement in eight mob murders.
    (AP, 6/23/05)
2005        Jun 23, Ohio Republican Gov. Bob Taft was reported to be mired in a scandal that started with a questionable state investment in rare coins. It had the governor and other Republicans all the way to Pres. Bush scrambling to give back potentially tainted campaign contributions.
    (AP, 6/23/05)
2005        Jun 23, The US FDA approved the heart failure drug BiDil for use by blacks. It will be the 1st medication targeted for a specific racial group.
    (SFC, 6/24/05, p.A3)
2005        Jun 23, An indictment, unveiled in US federal court in Los Angeles, said Seymour Lazar and his family were plaintiffs in over 50 class action lawsuits against both large and small companies. Prosecutors claimed that he received $2.4 million in illicit kickbacks from a New York law firm believed to be Milberg Weiss. In 2008 Melvyn Weiss (72) agreed to plead guilty to racketeering and acknowledge that his firm, Milberg Weiss, concealed secret payment arrangements with plaintiffs in class-action suits.
    (Econ, 7/2/05, p.65)(SFC, 3/21/08, p.C3)
2005        Jun 23, In Morongo Valley, Ca., the first major wildfire of the summer raced across more than 5,500 acres of desert brush, destroying at least six homes.
    (AP, 6/23/05)
2005        Jun 23, Shana Alexander (79), writer and liberal commentator on 60 Minutes (1975), died in Hermosa Beach, California.
    (SFC, 6/25/05, p.B5)
2005        Jun 23, Afghan and U.S.-led coalition forces surrounded a rebel hide-out in southern Afghanistan, and the number of insurgents killed from three days of fighting rose to 102.
    (AP, 6/23/05)
2005        Jun 23, Aruba police arrested the father of a young Dutch teen already in custody in connection with the disappearance of a young Alabama woman, and said that he was considered a suspect in the 3-week-old case.
    (AP, 6/24/05)
2005        Jun 23, Australia's Deputy Prime Minister John Anderson resigned because of health concerns.
    (AP, 6/23/05)
2005        Jun 23, G8 foreign ministers met in London. The Middle East peace process, Iran's nuclear program and tackling opium production in Afghanistan topped the agenda.
    (AP, 6/23/05)
2005        Jun 23, Ecuador’s foreign minister said his country will not sign a pact to grant US military personnel special immunity from the International Criminal Court, even if that means more aid cuts from Washington.
    (AP, 6/23/05)
2005        Jun 23, The French government launched the partial privatization of utility company Gaz de France through an initial public offering of shares worth up to 4.9 billion euros ($5.9 billion).
    (AP, 6/23/05)
2005        Jun 23, Four apparently synchronized car bombs in the Karada district of Baghdad killed 15 and wounded 50. A sniper killed 2 soldiers in western Baghdad. US troops backed by Iraqi troops and helicopters killed 7 insurgents who opened fire on the patrol from a home in western Baghdad's Jamiaa. A web statement said Abdullah Mohammed Rashid al-Roshoud, one of Saudi Arabia's most-wanted militants, was killed by a US airstrike in northwestern Iraq.  A suicide car bomb in Fallujah and ensuing small-arms fire killed 6 US troops including 3 women. 11 of 13 wounded were female.
    (AP, 6/23/05)(SFC, 6/24/05, p.A18)(AP, 6/28/05)
2005        Jun 23, A fast food chain in northern Japan began offering a whale burger, even as anti-whaling nations urged Japan to cut back on its catch at an international conference on whaling.
    (AP, 6/23/05)
2005        Jun 23, Jerusalem officials said they will ban the annual gay pride parade set for next week, claiming the march would offend many of the holy city's residents.
    (AP, 6/23/05)
2005        Jun 23, The two Koreas agreed to seek a peaceful resolution to the international standoff over the North's nuclear program, but the rivals failed to set a date for resuming stalled disarmament talks.
    (AP, 6/23/05)
2005        Jun 23, Palestinian officials said they reached a tentative agreement to absorb about 700 gunmen in Nablus into the Palestinian security services.
    (AP, 6/23/05)
2005        Jun 23, Palestinian militants killed an officer in an attack on a police station in the West Bank town of Jenin.
    (AP, 6/24/05)
2005        Jun 23, UN human rights experts said they have reliable accounts of detainees being tortured at the U.S. base in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
    (AP, 6/23/05)
2005        Jun 23, In Uruguay firefighters recovered the badly burned remains of eleven men killed aboard a Ukrainian-flagged fishing vessel that caught fire in Montevideo. The "Simeiz," carrying a crew of 39, caught fire before dawn the previous day.
    (AP, 6/24/05)
2005        Jun 23, Zimbabwe state media reported that 2 children were crushed to death by rubble during the demolition of illegal houses this month in a government crackdown that has made tens of thousands homeless.
    (Reuters, 6/23/05)

2005        Jun 24, Despite growing anxiety about the war in Iraq, President Bush refused to set a timetable for bringing home U.S. troops and declared, "I'm not giving up on the mission. We're doing the right thing."
    (AP, 6/24/06)
2005        Jun 24, US Agriculture officials said a 2nd case of mad cow disease was confirmed in a cow from Texas. This case of the disease, as well as one from Alabama in 2006, was later reported as atypical.
    (SFC, 6/25/05, p.A3)(SFC, 6/12/06, p.A6)
2005        Jun 24, Crude oil, at close to $60 a barrel, caused widespread selling on global equity markets, as shares in transport and automobile companies fell sharply.
    (AP, 6/24/05)
2005        Jun 24, In Yuma, Arizona, 6 people, including 4 children, were killed. Police said a man was seen running from the scene and had not been apprehended.
    (AP, 6/26/05)
2005        Jun 24, In New Jersey 3 boys were found dead in the trunk of a car following a massive, two-day search. They had died from accidental suffocation.
    (AP, 6/25/05)
2005        Jun 24, Paul Winchell (b.1922), ventriloquist, inventor and children's TV show host best known for creating the lispy voice of Winnie the Pooh's animated friend Tigger, died in LA, Ca.
    (AP, 6/26/05)
2005        Jun 24, In Afghanistan 4 days of fighting left 114 people dead, including 102 insurgents.
    (AP, 6/24/05)
2005        Jun 24, A flash flood hit Britain's famous Glastonbury rock festival and left some 120,000 people trying to dry out after parts of the site soaked under neck-deep water.
    (AP, 6/25/05)
2005        Jun 24, Statistics Canada said that if you divided the national net worth by the population each Canadian would have a share equal to $134,400.
    (CP, 6/24/05)
2005        Jun 24, China’s government said flooding and mudslides have killed at least 567 people across the country in the past two weeks, with more heavy rain forecast in the southern province whose factories are the heart of the country's booming export industries.
    (AP, 6/25/05)
2005        Jun 24, Ecuador inmates stepped up a protest for improved conditions. Some prisoners were voluntarily hung from crosses and others using their blood to scrawl out demands.
    (AP, 6/25/05)
2005        Jun 24, India refused permission for Pakistan's information minister, who once sheltered anti-Indian Kashmiri separatists, to visit its part of Kashmir on a new "peace bus".
    (AP, 6/24/05)
2005        Jun 24, Iranians packed polling stations in a tight presidential race. Mahmoud Ahmadinejad (49), the hardline Tehran mayor, won Iran’s presidency in a landslide election victory that cements conservative control over the nation's political leadership.
    (AP, 6/24/05)(AP, 6/25/05)
2005        Jun 24, Three separate roadside bombs exploded near US military convoys and a police patrol. Iraqi security forces discovered the bodies of eight beheaded men in 2 villages north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 6/24/05)
2005        Jun 24, An Italian official said a judge has ordered the arrest of 13 CIA agents for allegedly helping deport an imam to Egypt as part of U.S. anti-terrorism efforts. The agents are suspected in the seizure of an Egyptian-born imam identified as Abu Omar on the streets of Milan in February 2003.
    (AP, 6/24/05)
2005        Jun 24, In Jordan Saddam Hussein's daughter said his family will publish next week a novel written by the ousted Iraqi leader before the U.S.-led war.
    (AP, 6/24/05)
2005        Jun 24, In India's portion of Kashmir Islamic militants triggered a car bomb by remote control as an army convoy drove past a popular park, killing 9 soldiers and wounding 22 other people.
    (AP, 6/25/05)
2005        Jun 24, In Indonesia 15 convicted gamblers were flogged for illegal gaming, the first time caning was used as punishment in the world's most populous Muslim country.
    (AP, 6/24/05)
2005        Jun 24, Malaysia's ruling UMNO party suspended cabinet minister Isa Samad for six years for corruption.
    (AP, 6/25/05)
2005        Jun 24, In Northern Ireland veteran negotiator Reg Empey was elected leader of the Ulster Unionists, a once-dominant Protestant party that has seen its support crumble because it backed Northern Ireland's 1998 peace pact.
    (AP, 6/24/05)
2005        Jun 24, A Norwegian court sentenced the pilot of a British Airways jet to six months in prison for preparing to fly even though members of his crew were drunk.
    (AP, 6/24/05)
2005        Jun 24, Palestinian gunmen opened fire on a group of hitchhikers and killed one, the third Israeli slaying in a flare-up of violence that threatens a truce reached in February.
    (AP, 6/24/05)
2005        Jun 24, Russia, whose last border guard left the Tajik-Afghan border last week, said Afghanistan's heroin output was growing at breakneck speed and presented a threat to the world community.
    (Reuters, 6/24/05)
2005        Jun 24, Thailand police reported that attackers in Yala province had slashed the necks of a couple, almost severing their heads in the latest killings attributed to Islamic separatists.
    (AP, 6/25/05)
2005        Jun 24, The UN Security Council approved the transfer of $200 million in oil-for-food revenue to the Development Fund for Iraq and said an additional $20 million can be used to pay Iraq's past UN dues.
    (AP, 6/24/05)

2005        Jun 25, Gov. Rod Blagojevich signed a new state law that requires Illinois to divest about $1 billion worth of pension investments in companies that do business in Sudan to protest the ongoing humanitarian crisis in the country's Darfur region.
    (AP, 6/25/05)
2005        Jun 25, The NAACP selected retired Verizon executive Bruce S. Gordon to be its new president.
    (AP, 6/25/06)
2005        Jun 25, A shark attack near Pensacola, Florida, killed a girl (14).
    (WSJ, 6/27/05, p.A1)
2005        Jun 25, Afghan forces found the bodies of 76 suspected militants killed during a barrage of their camps by Afghan and US forces. In all, a total of 178 militants were killed and 56 suspected insurgents have been captured since Jun 21.
    (AP, 6/25/05)
2005        Jun 25, In northern Afghanistan a massive explosion at a weapons dump near an airfield killed five Afghans and two German soldiers.
    (AP, 6/26/05)
2005        Jun 25, Algerian militant Amari Saifi, a leader of the al-Qaida-linked Salafist Group for Call and Combat, was sentenced in absentia to life in prison for helping to create a terror group. He was considered the mastermind of the 2003 kidnapping of 32 European tourists in the Sahara desert.
    (AP, 6/26/05)
2005        Jun 25, Bulgarians voted in general elections. The ex-communist Socialist party was expected to see the Socialists topple ex-king PM Simeon Saxe-Coburg and take over the tough task of steering the country into the EU in 2007.
    (Reuters, 6/25/05)
2005        Jun 25, In southern China thousands of students rioted at Jiujiang Institute, a university jointly run by the military, to protest high university fees, overcrowded dorms and unappealing cafeteria food.
    (AP, 7/2/05)
2005        Jun 25, In Colombia leftist rebels killed at least 25 soldiers in two clashes.
    (AP, 6/26/05)
2005        Jun 25, In Dagestan, Russia, 4 explosions aimed at police vehicles and transportation links, including one that derailed a cargo train, wounded eight people.
    (AP, 6/26/05)
2005        Jun 25, India said police forces have destroyed one of the largest Myanmarese rebel bases in India, deep in the mountainous jungles of the remote northeast. Some 200 guerrillas and supporters living in the Chin National Army camp fled before the attack.
    (AP, 6/25/05)
2005        Jun 25, Gujarat's chief minister said Gujarat Petroleum Corp (GSPC) has made the India’s biggest gas discovery 20 trillion cubic feet, worth $50 billion off the southeast coast.
    (AP, 6/26/05)
2005        Jun 25, Tehran Mayor Mahmoud Ahmadinejad was declared the winner of Iran's presidential runoff election. Mahmoud Ahmadinejad said he seeks to make his country a "modern, advanced, powerful, and Islamic" model for the world.
    (AP, 6/25/05)
2005        Jun 25, Mohammed Al-Sumaidaie (21), a university student, was killed when he took Marines doing house-to-house searches to a bedroom to show them where a rifle which had no live ammunition was kept. When the Marines left, he was found in the bedroom with a bullet in his neck. Iraq's UN ambassador later accused U.S. Marines of killing his unarmed young cousin in what appeared to be "cold blood" and demanded an investigation and punishment for the perpetrators.
    (AP, 7/2/05)
2005        Jun 25, A suicide car bomber blew himself up outside an Iraqi police officer's home north of Baghdad, killing at least six people and wounding at least a dozen. 3 evening mortar rounds struck a crowded cafe in a predominantly Shiite neighborhood in Baghdad, killing 5 civilians and wounding 7.
    (AP, 6/25/05)(AP, 6/26/05)
2005        Jun 25, In Kenya 24 people were killed after drinking an illegal brew laced with industrial alcohol. By the next day death toll climbed to 49 with 174 people hospitalized.
    (AP, 6/26/05)(SFC, 6/27/05, p.A3)
2005        Jun 25, Rebels in Sudan's remote east urged the world's media to come and see damage in civilian areas that they say was caused by government bombing. They said the bombing began in the Barka Valley on June 23 and resulted in a large but unknown number of civilian casualties who filled hospitals in Port Sudan and the town of Tokar.
    (AFP, 6/25/05)
2005        Jun 25, Taiwan reimposed a ban on imports of American beef after the US confirmed its second case of mad cow disease.
    (AP, 6/25/05)

2005        Jun 26, Dozens of international leaders met in San Francisco to celebrate the 60th anniversary of the UN’s birth.
    (AP, 6/26/06)
2005        Jun 26, Tens of thousands of festively dressed people marched in parades around the country to celebrate the 35th anniversary of gay pride.
    (AP, 6/26/06)
205        Jun 26, South Korea’s Birdie Kim holed a 30-yard bunker shot to birdie the 18th hole and win the US Women’s Open.
    (AP, 6/26/06)
2005        Jun 26, In Bulgaria with 99.6% of the votes counted, the Socialists had 31% of the vote, while the ruling center-right National Movement of PM Simeon Saxcoburggotski had 20%. The Movement for rights and Freedoms, a party for ethnic Turks, won 13%.
    (AP, 6/26/05)(WSJ, 6/27/05, p.A12)(Econ, 7/2/05, p.46)
2005        Jun 26, Toronto, Canada, celebrated its 25th annual Pride Parade, one of the world's largest gay and lesbian festivals under a blistering sun. NYC and SF also hosted large parades as did other cities around the world.
    (AP, 6/26/05)
2005        Jun 26, Thousands of Chinese rioted in a dispute sparked by a lopsided roadside brawl, set fire to cars and wounded six police officers in Chizhou, eastern Anhui province.
    (Reuters, 6/29/05)
2005        Jun 26, In Egypt some 200 demonstrators gathered outside state security headquarters in Cairo to protest torture.
    (AP, 6/26/05)
2005        Jun 26, Heavy rains caused flooding and landslides in El Salvador and Honduras, leaving a total of 39 dead in both countries, including 21 people killed when a bus was carried away by flood waters.
    (AP, 6/27/05)
2005        Jun 26, German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder arrived in Washington for a visit shortened by election-year pressure.
    (AP, 6/27/05)
2005        Jun 26, Iran President-elect Mahmoud Ahmadinejad vowed to pursue a peaceful nuclear program, an effort the US maintains is really a cover for trying to build atomic bombs, and said his government will not be an extremist one.
    (AP, 6/26/05)
2005        Jun 26, In Iraq a suicide bomber with explosives hidden beneath watermelons in a pickup truck slammed into a police station near a market in Mosul killing 10 police officers and 2 civilians. In Sadiya 6 Iraqi soldiers were gunned down outside their base. A bomber in Al Kasik killed 16 Iraqi civilians arriving for work on an army base. In Mosul a suicide bomber killed 5 Iraqi police. One US soldier was killed in Baghdad by a homemade bomb.
    (AP, 6/26/05)(SSFC, 6/26/05, p.A7)
2005        Jun 26, Israeli Foreign Minister Silvan Shalom released a letter saying Israel wished "to express our regret for the activities which resulted in the arrest and conviction of two Israeli citizens in New Zealand on criminal charges and apologize for the involvement of Israeli citizens in such activities." The two nations restored full diplomatic relations.
    (AP, 6/27/05)
2005        Jun 26, An Israeli court ruled that Jerusalem's gay pride parade could proceed as planned and ordered the city's mayor to pay $6,500 out of his own pocket for trying to stop it.
    (AP, 6/26/05)
2005        Jun 26, Jordan barred publication of Saddam Hussein's fourth novel, titled "Get Out, Damned One," due to political concerns. Saddam's eldest daughter, Raghad, said her father finished the novel March 18, 2003, a day before the U.S.-led war on Iraq began
    (AP, 6/26/05)
2005        Jun 26, In Nuevo Laredo, Mexico, 44 kidnap victims were freed in a series of raids by soldiers and federal agents. Deputy Attorney General Gilberto Higuera said those rescued were apparently "involved in criminal activities and were not victims of kidnappings" for ransom.
    (AP, 6/27/05)
2005        Jun 26, In Nepal communist rebels freed 90 high school students who were seized from their classrooms last week.
    (AP, 6/27/05)

2005        Jun 27, The US Supreme Court ruled 5-4 that Kentucky cannot display framed copies of the Ten Commandments in county courthouses, and allowed the Texas statehouse to keep the commandments as part of a display on its grounds.
    (AP, 6/27/05)(SFC, 6/28/05, p.A1)
2005        Jun 27, The US Supreme Court also ruled that cable-TV companies are not required to share their high-speed Internet connections with rivals.
    (WSJ, 6/28/05, p.B1)
2005        Jun 27, Bunnatine Greenhouse, a senior contracting official for the US Army Corps of Engineers, testified to a Democratic Party public committee, alleging specific instances of waste, fraud, and other abuses and irregularities by Halliburton with regard to its operations in Iraq since the Iraq War. In August she was demoted in what her lawyer called an "obvious reprisal" for her revelations about the Halliburton contracts.
    (SFC, 8/29/05, p.A3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bunny_Greenhouse)
2005        Jun 27, In Kansas BTK suspect Dennis Rader (60) pleaded guilty to 10 counts of first-degree murder, admitting in a chillingly matter-of-fact voice to a series of slayings that terrorized the city from 1974-1991. Rader later received multiple life sentences.
    (AP, 6/27/06)
2005        Jun 27, Wal-Mart heir John T. Walton (58), crashed and died while at the controls of a homemade, experimental aircraft near Jackson Hole Airport, Wyoming. His net worth was over $18 billion. Walton supported efforts to educate low-income children.
    (AP, 6/28/05)(SFC, 6/28/05, p.A2)
2005        Jun 27, Shelby Foote (b.1916), novelist and historian, died in Memphis. His books included the multi-volume “The Civil War: A Narrative" (1958-1974).
    (SFC, 6/29/05, p.B7)
2005        Jun 27, Bangladesh opposition parties led by the Awami League staged a human-chain protest in Dhaka against what they called an anti-people budget taking effect on Friday.
    (AP, 6/27/05)
2005        Jun 27, Bosnian Serb police said they had arrested 11 people on war crimes charges.
    (AP, 6/27/05)
2005        Jun 27, PM Tony Blair defended Britain's deportation of failed Zimbabwean asylum seekers, a policy that has triggered a refugee hunger strike.
    (AP, 6/27/05)
2005        Jun 27, Colombia's main leftist rebel group offered to swap three kidnapped American defense contractors for two guerrilla leaders jailed in the United States, but the US government immediately rejected the proposal.
    (AP, 6/28/05)
2005        Jun 27, In northeastern Congo militia fighters using women and children as human shields battled with UN peacekeepers south of Bunia.
    (AP, 6/27/05)
2005        Jun 27, French investigators raided the home and offices of finance minister Thierry Breton. It was part of a criminal probe sparked by complaints filed by Rhodia investors Hughes de Lasteyrie du Saillant and Edouard Stern. [see Mar 1]
    (WSJ, 6/30/05, p.C1)
2005        Jun 27, France, Germany, Brazil and Chile called for a tax on airline tickets to help finance the global fight against poverty.
    (AP, 6/28/05)
2005        Jun 27, Iraqi Prime Minister Ibrahim al-Jaafari said that two years would be "more than enough" to establish security in his country, a task Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld believes may take up to 12 years.
    (AP, 6/27/05)
2005        Jun 27, The US military said it planned to expand its prisons across Iraq to hold as many as 16,000 detainees.
    (SFC, 6/28/05, p.A3)
2005        Jun 27, A US Apache attack helicopter crashed north of Baghdad, killing both pilots. A car bomb exploded between a movie house and mosque in eastern Baghdad, killing at least four people and injuring 16.
    (AP, 6/27/05)
2005        Jun 27, An Israeli military court convicted Wahid Taysir, a former Israeli soldier, of manslaughter in the killing of Tom Hurndall, a pro-Palestinian British activist on Apr 11, 2003. Taysir, a member of Israel's Bedouin Arab minority, charged the army with racism, saying he was prosecuted because he is an Arab and his victim was a foreigner.
    (AP, 6/27/05)
2005        Jun 27, An undersea cable carrying data between Pakistan and the outside world developed a serious fault, virtually crippling data feeds, including the Internet.
    (AP, 6/28/05)
2005        Jun 27, It was reported that a heat wave across Pakistan has killed about 175 people over the past eight days.
    (Reuters, 6/27/05)
2005        June 27, In Somalia gunman hijacked the MV Semlow, a ship carrying food aid, and held the vessel for 100 days before it was released Oct. 4.
    (AP, 10/12/05)
2005        Jun 27, South African trade unions staged a one-day nationwide strike to protest high unemployment and job losses, with employers reporting a mixed response at job sites and tens of thousands of protesters marching in major cities.
    (AP, 6/27/05)
2005        Jun 27, A meeting in Istanbul of the World Tribunal on Iraq, the culmination of 20 meetings around the world over the last 2 years, called the invasion and occupation of Iraq illegal. The symbolic tribunal sought the immediate withdrawal of coalition forces from Iraq and payment of reparations for the damage caused during the conflict.
    (AP, 6/27/05)
2005        Jun 27, The UN said it wanted to move hundreds of Uzbek refugees to third countries from camps in Kyrgyzstan because there were fears Uzbekistan might try to snatch them and take them home by force.
    (AP, 6/27/05)

2005        Jun 28, On the first anniversary of Iraqi sovereignty, President Bush, addressing the nation from Fort Bragg, NC, rejected suggestions that he set a timetable for withdrawal from Iraq or send in more troops as he counseled patience for Americans who were questioning the war’s painful costs.
    (AP, 6/28/06)
2005        Jun 28, In Alabama a jury acquitted former CEO Richard Scrushy of federal corporate corruption charges in a $2.7 billion accounting fraud at HealthSouth. The SEC soon announced that it would press a civil fraud case seeking $800 million from Scrushy.
    (SFC, 6/29/05, p.C1)(SFC, 7/6/05, p.C1)
2005        Jun 28, The Grand Challenges in Global Health announced 43 winners. The program was funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation ($450m), the UK’s Wellcome Trust ($27m), and Canada’s Institute of Health Research ($4.5m).
    (WSJ, 6/28/05, p.D6)(Econ, 7/2/05, p.69)
2005        Jun 28, Google unveiled a free 3-D satellite mapping technology.
    (SFC, 6/29/05, p.A1)
2005        Jun 28, In Kunar province, Afghanistan, 4 US Navy SEAL commandos radioed for help during a reconnaissance mission for Taliban and al-Qaeda fighters, that was part of Operation Red Wing. A US Chinook helicopter with 16 men responded to the call and was shot down. Marcus Luttrell was rescued by US forces on July 2. In 2007 Luttrell, the only survivor, authored “Lone Survivor: The Eyewitness Account of Operation Redwing and the Lost Heroes of SEAL Team 10." Michael Murphy, a Navy Seal who gave his life to call for help for his unit, was awarded the Medal of Honor in 2007.
    (AP, 6/29/05)(SFC, 7/7/05, p.A14)(WSJ, 10/23/07, p.A1)(WSJ, 10/27/07, p.A9)
2005        Jun 28, Austria launched an energy exchange to trade carbon allowances in accord with the Kyoto treaty to deal with greenhouse gases.
    (Econ, 7/25/05, p.64)
2005        Jun 28, Canada's  House of Commons passed legislation, drafted by PM Paul Martin, to legalize gay marriage in spite of fierce opposition from Conservatives and religious leaders. It would become only the third country in the world to legalize gay marriage.
    (AP, 6/29/05)
2005        Jun 28, Canada’s Supreme Court said there is well-founded evidence that Rwandan exile Leon Mugesera helped to incite the massacre of ethnic rivals in his homeland and should be kicked out of Canada.
    (AP, 6/28/05)
2005        Jun 28, China said it will begin filling its strategic oil reserve by the end of the year.
    (WSJ, 6/29/05, p.A13)
2005        Jun 28, Avian flu has killed 5,000 wild birds in China's northwest, the World Health Organization said, five times the number previously reported by the Chinese government.
    (AP, 6/28/05)
2005        Jun 28, Cuban leader Fidel Castro made a surprise visit to Venezuela for what he described on arrival as an ''historic encounter'' with his top ally, Pres. Hugo Chavez, and and 2-day summit with Caribbean leaders. This was his 4th trip to Venezuela since 1999 and his first outside of Cuba since late 2003.
    (www.globalexchange.org/countries/americas/cuba/3212.html)
2005        Jun 28, Colombia began a 2-day operation in which 12 members of Colombia's navy were arrested in raids that uncovered drug-making chemicals and documents linking them to cocaine smuggling groups.
    (AP, 6/29/05)
2005        Jun 28, In Dagestan, Russia, a writer and critic of the Islamist movement was shot to death in Makhachkala.
    (WSJ, 7/29/05, p.A11)
2005        Jun 28, Egypt ordered five public sector company bosses to stand trial in a multi-million dollar corruption case, one of the biggest of its kind in recent years.
    (AFP, 6/29/05)
2005        Jun 28, In Ethiopia police arrested four independent newspaper editors on criminal charges of defaming the military. They were detained for seven hours and later released on bail. The arrests stem from reports in their Amharic-language weeklies about Ethiopian air force pilots who sought political asylum while training in Belarus.
    (AP, 6/29/05)
2005        Jun 28, An international consortium chose France as the site for an experimental nuclear fusion reactor, a $13 billion project that developers hope will one day generate endless, cheap energy by reproducing the sun's power source and wean the world off fossil fuels.
    (AP, 6/28/05)
2005        Jun 28, Stung by a recent scandal that rocked India's booming business processing industry, the government announced that it will tighten laws to prevent cyber crime and ensure data secrecy.
    (AP, 6/29/05)
2005        Jun 28, US troops allegedly killed an Iraqi television director when he drove near a US convoy. A suicide car bomb killed Sheikh Dhari Ali al-Fayadh, an Iraqi Shiite legislator, his son and two bodyguards near Baghdad as they were headed to a parliamentary session in the capital. A suicide bomber near Balad killed a US soldier. A car bomb near Tikrit killed another US soldier. In Samara police fired on a crowd demanding jobs and one person was killed. A car bomb in Baquba killed on e person. A suicide bomber in Musayyib killed a police officer. Bloodshed killed at least 18 people throughout Iraq. In Kirkuk a suicide car bomber slammed into a convoy killing a bodyguard of traffic police chief Brig. Gen. Salar Ahmed.
    (AP, 6/29/05)(SFC, 6/29/05, p.A15)
2005        Jun 28, More than 1,000 U.S. troops and Iraqi forces launched Operation Sword on Tuesday in a bid to crush insurgents and foreign fighters in western Iraq, the third major offensive in the area in recent weeks.
    (AP, 6/28/05)
2005        Jun 28, Pakistan's Supreme Court overturned the acquittals of 13 men accused of gang-raping a villager and ordered the suspects arrested in a case that has drawn international attention to the brutal treatment of women in this conservative Muslim country.
    (AP, 6/28/05)
2005        Jun 28, Lebanon's new parliament overwhelmingly re-elected a pro-Syrian as speaker in a political compromise by the anti-Syrian coalition that won the elections.
    (AP, 6/28/05)
2005        Jun 28, Lawmakers overwhelming approved a law allowing millions of Mexicans living abroad to vote by mail in next year's presidential election, a measure that could reshape the country's leadership race.
    (AP, 6/28/05)
2005        Jun 28, Mexico's Zapatista rebels suggested they would seek to open a political front with workers, farmers and students, a decision the government interpreted as a move toward joining mainstream politics and away from armed struggle.
    (AP, 6/28/05)
2005        Jun 28, Russia said it intends to cancel $2.2 billion owed by the poorest African countries in support of an initiative by the eight major industrialized nations to write off more than $40 billion of debt.
    (AP, 6/29/05)
2005        Jun 28, Saudi Arabia issued a list of 36 men wanted for acts of terror and called on people to report them to the police.
    (AP, 6/28/05)
2005        Jun 28, South Korea's spy agency said North Korea has cut most of its international phone lines since late March over concerns that sensitive information about its society will flow out of the isolated country.
    (AP, 6/28/05)
2005        Jun 28, Swedish truck and bus maker Volvo AB said it will close an assembly plant in Botswana and open a new factory in Durban, South Africa.
    (AP, 6/28/05)
2005        Jun 28, In Madrid a Tibetan group presented a criminal case against top Chinese officials for genocide and crimes against humanity, seeking to take advantage of Spain's laws on international human rights crimes.
    (AP, 6/28/05)

2005        Jun 29, President Bush, embracing nearly all the recommendations of a White House commission, said he was creating a national security service at the FBI to specialize in intelligence as part of a shake-up of the disparate US spy agencies.
    (AP, 6/29/06)
2005        Jun 29, In Manhattan a new design, by architect David M. Childs, was unveiled for the Freedom Tower.
    (WSJ, 6/30/05, p.B1)
2005        Jun 29, The US military said it sent a ship to Africa's oil-rich Gulf of Guinea to train west African nations to combat threats including terrorism, drug trafficking and petroleum theft.
    (AP, 6/29/05)
2005        Jun 29, A state dept. officials said the US has suspended a shipment of M-16 rifles to Nepal to protest at King Gyanendra's takeover in February.
    (AP, 6/29/05)
2005        Jun 29, A propaganda video, purportedly made by al-Qaida-linked terror suspect Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, was posted on militant Web sites. It showed suicide attacks against US soldiers and Iraqi forces and emphasizes that the war being waged by Iraqi insurgents is in retaliation for America's war against Islam.
    (AP, 7/2/05)
2005        Jun 29, In central Afghanistan Taliban militants attacked police checkpoints and a village, and the fighting left 25 people dead, including tribal elders who were taken hostage.
    (AP, 7/1/05)
2005        Jun 29, In Haiti hundreds of UN peacekeepers raided a slum filled with gangs loyal to ousted President Jean-Bertrand Aristide, killing six gunmen.
    (AP, 6/29/05)
2005        Jul 29, In Haiti a worker for the International Committee of the Red Cross was kidnapped. Joel Cauvin, a Haitian, was abducted and found dead near his home the next day.
    (AP, 7/1/05)
2005        Jun 29, The EU gave Italy until the end of 2007 to cut its budget deficit in line with euro-zone rules, a warning that is powerless as it carries no punishment.
    (AP, 6/29/05)
2005        Jun 29, In India 2 workers were killed and up to 12 others were believed trapped after a tunnel they were building to bring water to a village north of Bombay collapsed in a landslide triggered by heavy rain.
    (AP, 6/29/05)
2005        Jun 29, Extremist opponents of Israel's Gaza pullout plan scattered nails and oil across a main highway during morning rush hour, bringing traffic to a halt in the first of a wave of violent demonstrations planned throughout the day.
    (AP, 6/29/05)
2005        Jun 29, Some 400 would-be immigrants from Africa landed on Lampedusa, a tiny Italian island south of Sicily, and air patrols spotted at least 200 more on their way.
    (AP, 6/29/05)
2005        Jun 29, Lebanon’s anti-Syrian lawmakers nominated Fuad Saniora, a former finance minister known for his pro-market policies, to be the country's next prime minister.
    (AP, 6/29/05)
2005        Jun 29, Hezbollah guerrillas attacked Israeli forces in a disputed part of the south Lebanon border, wounding six soldiers and triggering an Israeli airstrike. The Israeli strike killed Hezbollah guerrilla Milhem Hassan Salhab (35).
    (AP, 6/30/05)(AP, 7/4/05)
2005        Jun 29, In Malaysia Hamisa Abu Hassan Saari (22) was arrested after police found some drugs on a friend. A police officer secretly recorded her with a cell phone as she was forced to strip and do squats, though she had no drugs. The recording got on the Internet and led to a special commission that denounced the police procedures and led to significant changes.
    (SFC, 11/23/06, p.A34)
2005        Jun 29, Mexico released a series of five stamps depicting a child character from a comic book started in the 1940s that is still published in Mexico. The stamps depicted an exaggerated black cartoon character known as Memin Pinguin.
    (AP, 6/30/05)
2005        Jun 29, Poles lined up to buy collectors' coins with the image of the late Pope John Paul II, issued by the central bank to honor Poland's most famous son.
    (AP, 6/29/05)
2005        Jun 29, Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas asked Hamas militants to join his Cabinet to improve prospects of a peaceful takeover of the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 7/2/05)
2005        Jun 29, Philippine Pres. Gloria Macagapal Arroyo said her husband, implicated in bribes and influence peddling, has agreed to leave the Philippines.
    (WSJ, 6/30/05, p.A10)
2005        Jun 29, A Russian court ordered the radical national Bolshevik Party, led by ultranationalist writer Eduard Limonov, to disband.
    (WSJ, 6/30/05, p.A10)
2005        Jun 29, In the southern Russian region of Karachayevo-Cherkessiya about 200 ethnic minority activists occupied the regional government headquarters, demanding urgent action to save their dwindling population. Members of the tiny Abazin minority have demanded that the 13 villages where they live be united in a single district with its own financing. There were fewer than 30,000 Abazins left in existence, all of them in Karachayevo-Cherkessiya.
    (AP, 6/29/05)
2005        Jun 29, Two Rwandan businessmen were found guilty of war crimes by a 12-person jury in Brussels for their role in the killings of thousands during their country's 1994 genocide. Beer trader Etienne Nzabonimana, 53, was found guilty on 56 counts, and his half brother, Samuel Ndashyikirwa, 43, was found guilty on 23 counts of aiding and abetting the slaughter of Tutsis and moderate Hutus in their home region of Kibungo.
    (AP, 6/29/05)
2005        Jun 29, More than 1,000 South Korean sex workers rallied demanding recognition as legitimate members of society and the withdrawal of an anti-prostitution law they say threatens their livelihoods and their health.
    (Reuters, 6/29/05)
2005        Jun 29, A UN team of experts called for an international tribunal to prosecute Indonesia’s security forces and militia during its bloodstained exit from East Timor in 1999.
    (AP, 6/29/05)
2005        Jun 29, Vietnam said it would begin in August vaccinating poultry nationwide against bird flu.
    (SFC, 6/30/05, p.A10)
2005        Jun 29, The UN World Food Program in Zambia said lack of funds will soon force it to slash rations and reduce the number of vulnerable women and children on food aid.
    (AP, 6/29/05)

2005        Jun 30, Pres. Bush, in advance of the G-8 summit, announced a $1.7 billion aid package for Africa and promised to double total assistance by 2010.
    (SFC, 7/1/05, p.A15)
2005        Jun 30, The US Federal Reserve raised interest rates by a quarter point. It marked the 9th increase since tightening began in 2004.
    (SFC, 7/1/04, p.A1)
2005        Jun 30, Time editor Norman Pearlstein agreed to hand over notes relating to the CIA-leak probe. The next day Lawrence O’Donnell broke the story that the e-mails that Time turned over to the prosecutor that day reveal that Karl Rove is the source Matt Cooper is protecting.  [see Jul 14, 2003, Sep 29, 2003]
    (WSJ, 7/1/05, p.A1)(http://tinyurl.com/83v7r)(SSFC, 7/3/05, p.A8)
2005        Jun 30, Bank of America Corp. said it will acquire MBNA Corp. in a $35 billion cash and stock deal that will result in 6,000 jobs cuts but transform the nation's third-largest bank into one of the world's largest credit card issuers.
    (AP, 6/30/05)
2005        Jun 30, Viacom launched Logo, a gay oriented TV show.
    (SFC, 6/30/05, p.E1)(Econ, 7/2/05, p.59)
2005        Jun 30, A 2-year, 11-nation investigation, called Operation Site Down, culminated with arrests and the shut down of 8 major pirated film and software distribution servers. Over 120 cyber pirates were identified.
    (SFC, 7/1/05, p.B1)
2005        Jun 30, At El Cahon, Ca., 5 illegal immigrants were killed and six others injured when their van collided with a pickup truck shortly after it sped around a border checkpoint.
    (AP, 7/1/05)
2005        Jun 30, In Australia a clinical audit of cases handled by surgeon Dr. Jayant Patel nicknamed "Dr. Death" by his former colleagues, has found he contributed to eight patient deaths during his two years at a Queensland hospital, far fewer than earlier reported.
    (AP, 6/30/05)
2005        Jun 30, Storms lashed Australia's east coast in a violent end to one of the country's worst droughts on record.
    (AP, 6/30/05)
2005        Jun 30, The income of Prince Charles, heir to the British throne, rose by 11% in 2004 to more than $23 million, according to an annual financial report released by his household.
    (AP, 6/30/05)
2005        Jun 30, Christopher Fry, English playwright, died at age 97. Fry was England’s last successful playwright to write in verse. His work included “Look Back in Anger" (1956).
    (Econ, 7/16/05, p.83)
2005        Jun 30, A Cambodia doctor reported that 2 infants have died in Cambodia from influenza, part of an outbreak that has hospitalized more than 1,000 children. He said the illness appears to be a form of human flu, not the avian influenza.
    (AP, 6/30/05)
2005        Jun 30, Chinese President Hu Jintao visited Russia and is expected to bolster ties with Beijing's former rival in hopes of quadrupling their trade turnover to up to $80 billion a year by 2010.
    (AP, 6/30/05)
2005        Jun 30, China overtook Japan as the world’s largest holder of foreign exchange reserves. The combined China and Hong Kong reserves stood at $833 billion.
    (Econ, 9/17/05, p.80)
2005        Jun 30, The EU and China plunged into a 2nd trade row, this time over shoes, but Brussels said a deal was still possible over Beijing's surging footwear exports.
    (AP, 6/30/05)
2005        Jun 30, In Kinshasa riot police fired tear gas and beat demonstrators with batons as thousands protested delays to Congo's first postwar presidential elections. At least six died in violence nationwide.
    (AP, 6/30/05)
2005        Jun 30, The Muslim Brotherhood, Egypt's largest Islamic group, launched an alliance devoted to the peaceful removal of President Hosni Mubarak, who has been in power since 1981. Several other opposition groups promptly lent their support to what the Brotherhood has called the an alliance intended "to exercise peaceful pressure on the regime, through legal and constitutional means, to make it respond to democratic change."
    (AP, 6/30/05)
2005        Jun 30, In Honduras Central American leaders agreed to create a regional special forces unit to fight drug trafficking, gang violence and terrorism within their borders. The 2-day regional meeting included the presidents of Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico, Nicaragua, and Panama.
    (AP, 6/30/05)(SFC, 7/1/05, p.A14)
2005        Jun 30, The Israeli military isolated the Gaza Strip, declaring it a "closed military zone" to prevent Jewish extremists from going in.
    (AP, 6/30/05)
2005        Jun 30, An ultra-Orthodox Jew stabbed and wounded two marchers in the annual Jerusalem Gay Pride parade.
    (AP, 6/30/05)
2005        Jun 30,  Pres. Fox signed a bill allowing millions of Mexicans living abroad to vote by mail in next year's presidential election.
    (AP, 7/1/05)
2005        Jun 30, Justice Minister Yuri Chaika said that Russia was seeking to have assets of the beleaguered Yukos oil company seized overseas and had asked Netherlands and Lithuania for help.
    (AP, 6/30/05)
2005        Jun 30, Spain’s Parliament voted 187-147 to legalize gay marriages, defying conservatives and clergy making Spain the 3rd country to allow same-sex unions nationwide.
    (AP, 6/30/05)(WSJ, 7/1/05, p.A1)
2005        Jun 30, Sudan announced the imminent end of a 16-year state of emergency across most of the giant country and began releasing political prisoners, including the leading Islamic opposition figure.
    (AP, 6/30/05)(WSJ, 7/1/05, p.A1)
2005        Jun 30, The UN panel overseeing compensation for victims of Iraq's 1990 invasion of Kuwait approved its final claims, bringing the total award to $52.5 billion.
    (AP, 6/30/05)
2005        Jun 30, Zimbabwe police targeted an illegal settlement west of Harare in the government's six-week demolition and resettlement campaign, and as many as three people were reported dead. 2 women, one of them pregnant, died when they fell off the back of trucks ferrying them to a "transit camp" where thousands of displaced people are living in tents. A 4-year-old boy was run over by a truck
    (AP, 7/1/05)

2005        Jun, The board of MassMutual Financial Group voted to fire CEO Robert O’Connell following an investigation that revealed padding in his supplemental retirement account and other allegations that involved a romantic affair with a top female executive.
    (WSJ, 8/19/05, p.A1)
2005        Jun, In Colorado City, Arizona, Warren Jeffs, the leader of the Fundamentalist Church of the latter Day Saints (FLDS) was indicted on 2 charges of organizing child-bride marriages. Jeffs was jailed in February, 2008. In June, 2010, a judge dismissed all state charges against Jeffs after 2 alleged victims no longer wanted to proceed with prosecution.
    (Econ, 10/15/05, p.33)(SFC, 6/10/10, p.A5)
2005        Jun, The BATS (Better Alternative Trading System), led by Dave Cummings, was incorporated. Within 2 years the Kansas City operation became America’s 3rd largest stockmarket.
    (Econ, 3/17/07, p.74)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Better_Alternative_Trading_System)
2005        Jun, NYC doctors reported outbreaks of imipenem resistant Klebsiella.
    (SSFC, 1/20/08, p.A10)
2005        Jun, In Iraq construction began about this time on a new US embassy complex with a target completion date of June 2007. The 21 building complex on 104 acres will be the largest US embassy in the world. Cost was estimated at over $1 billion.
    (AP, 4/14/06)
2005        Jun, In Morocco Nadia Yassine (47), leader of the underground Justice and Charity Islamic movement, was charged with publicly criticizing the monarchy after she stated in a newspaper interview that the country would be better off as a republic than as a kingdom. She demanded the abolition of Article 19 of the constitution enshrining the king’s role as Commander of the Faithful.
    (www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/02/11/AR2006021101472.html)
2005        Jun, The Trans-Sahara Counter-Terrorism Initiative began operations. The US funded plan intended to provide military equipment and development aid to 9 north-east African countries considered fertile ground for Muslim militant groups. Participating countries included Algeria, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, and Tunisia.
    (SFC, 12/27/05, p.A1)
2005        Jun, In India the Salwa Judum, an anti-Maoist group, formed in southern Chhattisgarh state. It soon became an arm of the government to fight Naxalite rebels.
    (Econ, 8/19/06, p.39)
2005        Jun, India's tsunami-hit Andaman islands signed a tourist deal with Thailand’s resort town of Phuket. Environmentalists slammed the deal saying such a move would destroy the fragile ecology of the Andaman and Nicobar islands and encourage the sex trade.
    (Reuters, 8/3/05)
2005        Jun, In the Netherlands Nouriddin el Fahtni, an Islamic radical, was arrested with a loaded machine. His group was linked with the so-called "Hofstad." In 2011 a court found that Fahtni's 8-year sentence was longer than allowed by law and reduced it to 7 years and four months. His ex-wife, Soumaya Sahla, tried to get her sister, who worked at a pharmacy, to give her the home addresses of Dutch politicians. Allegedly she intended to supply the addresses to other group members who planned attacks.
    (AP, 11/15/11)
2005        Jun, San Marino set up a central bank with supervisory powers.
    (Econ, 3/10/07, p.74)
2005        Jun, Article 301/1 of the Turkish Penal Code, the “insulting Turkishness" law, took effect. The law states “A person who explicitly insults being a Turk, the Republic or Turkish Grand National Assembly, shall be imposed to a penalty of imprisonment for a term of six months to three years."
    (www.pen.org/viewmedia.php/prmMID/694/prmID/172)
2005        Jun, Venezuela set up Petrocaribe under which it offered 12 Caribbean countries cheap credit for oil imports.
    (Econ, 7/30/05, p.33)
2005        Jun, Mr. Le Than Hai, chairman of Ho Chi Minh City People’s Committee and San Francisco Mayor Gavin Newsom signed a Memorandum of Understanding for Projects of Exchange and Mutual Benefit.
    (SFC, 7/14/15, p.A3)

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