Timeline 2005 October - December

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2005        Oct 1, The SF Opera premiered “Doctor Atomic" by composer John Adams. The libretto was by Peter Sellars.
    (SSFC, 10/2/05, p.A17)
2005        Oct 1-2005 Oct 2, In SF financier Warren Hellman sponsored the 5th annual Hardly Strictly Bluegrass Festival in Golden Gate Park.
    (SFC, 10/3/05, p.C1)
2005        Oct 1, In Connecticut legislation permitting same-sex civil unions took effect.
    (SSFC, 10/2/05, p.A5)
2005        Oct 1, In Norman, Oklahoma, Joel Henry Hinrichs (21), a Univ. of Oklahoma student, committed suicide using an explosive attached to his body near the Oklahoma Memorial Stadium, where 84,000 people watched a football game.
    (SFC, 10/3/05, p.A3)(WSJ, 10/13/05, p.B1)
2005        Oct 1, Paul Pena (b.1950), a blind bluesman, died in SF. The 1999 film "Genghis Blues" won the audience award at Sundance for best documentary. It was directed by Roko and Adrian Belic and was about Paul Pena (1950-1955), a blind bluesman, who journeyed to Tuva to compete in a throat-singing competition.
    (SFC, 10/4/05, p.B5)
2005        Oct 1, A banned Algerian Islamic group with ties to al-Qaida rejected an amnesty for Islamic militants, saying in a statement on its Web site that it had no need for a government peace plan.
    (AP, 10/1/05)
2005        Oct 1, It was reported that Louis Michaud, a Canadian engineer, had developed an “atmospheric vortex engine" to harness energy from an artificial tornado.
    (Econ, 10/1/05, p.76)
2005        Oct 1, Tens of thousands of Chinese marked the 56th anniversary of Communist rule in Beijing's Tiananmen Square with the country enjoying the benefits of two decades of rapid economic growth but still facing deep-seated social problems.
    (AP, 10/1/05)
2005        Oct 1, China and Japan ended 2 days of talks with no resolution on their territorial dispute in the East China Sea, which focused on oil and gas deposits straddling the border.
    (Econ, 10/8/05, p.52)
2005        Oct 1, Riot police forcibly expelled striking union workers who had blockaded ports in Corsica and southeastern France for days to protest against the planned privatization of a state-run ferry operator.
    (AP, 10/1/05)
2005        Oct 1, In the Dominican Rep. 1,719 homicides were reported in the first eight months of the year, compared to 1,513 during the same period in 2004. At least 25 children have been killed or injured by stray bullets in the same period. Police estimate guns are used in 75 percent of homicides.
    (AP, 10/1/05)
2005        Oct 1, A volcano in western El Salvador erupted, sending a column of ash 50,000 feet into the air and killing two farmers buried by chunks of earth and boiling water that tumbled down the slopes.
    (AP, 10/2/05)
2005        Oct 1, In Indonesia bombs exploded almost simultaneously in two tourist areas of the resort island of Bali, killing 20 people and wounding nearly 200 others. Indonesia said suicide bombers carried out the blasts that bore the hallmark of Islamic militants linked to al-Qaeda. In 2006 Abdul Aziz (30) was sentenced to eight years in prison for harboring the alleged mastermind of the bombings. Aziz had also helped set up a Web site calling on Muslims to wage war against "infidels." Mohammad Cholili (28) was sentenced to 18 years in prison for helping to build the bombs. Dwi Widiarto (34) was sentenced to 8 years for helping make the bombers’ videotaped confessions. Anif Solchanudin was sentenced to 15 years in prison.
    (AP, 10/2/05)(AP, 9/5/06)(AP, 9/7/06)(AP, 9/14/06)
2005        Oct 1, The US military released about 500 Iraqi detainees from the notorious Abu Ghraib prison, completing its plan to free a total of more than 1,000 this week in honor of the Muslim holy month of Ramadan.
    (AP, 10/1/05)
2005        Oct 1, In Iraq US Marines began a 3-day offensive dubbed Iron Fist that included a sweep of the insurgency stronghold of Karabila.
    (SSFC, 11/13/05, p.A1)(www.atsnn.com/story/174319.html)
2005        Oct 1, Japan privatized four debt-ridden public corporations that run the nation's highways, in the latest of PM Junichiro Koizumi's initiatives to reduce the size of government.
    (AP, 10/1/05)
2005        Oct 1, The outer bands of Hurricane Otis lashed the coast of western Mexico as the storm crawled toward the Baja California peninsula, forcing hundreds of families to evacuate their homes and flooding roads in Cabo San Lucas.
    (AP, 10/2/05)
2005        Oct 1, A new Russian "public chamber" met for the first time aiming to improve ties between officials and society. A day earlier the Kremlin announced the first 42 members of the chamber, an assortment of religious leaders, Olympic champions, businessmen, trade unionists and others. The members discussed who else should be included, since they now have to choose a further 42 people to join their group. They were also reported to have started to plan their course of action.
    (AP, 10/1/05)
2005        Oct 1, A Russian rocket roared into space in a burst of flame from Baikonur, Kazakhstan, launching the world's third space tourist, US millionaire scientist Gregory Olsen, and a U.S.-Russian crew on a two-day trip to the international space station.
    (AP, 10/1/05)
2005        Oct 1, In Yekaterinburg, Russia, 5 teenagers, ranging in age from 12 to 17, were drunk when they encountered a 21-year-old Jewish man and attacked him. After the man fell to the ground, the group took a metal cross from a grave headstone and stabbed him. A Russian court in 2007 sentenced the 5 teenagers to prison terms of 5-10 years.
    (AP, 2/9/07)
2005        Oct 1,    In South Korea Seoul's Mayor Lee Myung-bak led a ceremony for the re-opening of the Chonggyechon stream buried beneath an elevated highway for almost 50 years. Work to restore about 6 km of the stream began in July, 2003, at a cost of around $350 million. The stream flows through a narrow park that celebrates the history of Seoul.
    (Reuters, 10/1/05)

2005        Oct 2, In New York the 40-foot boat the Ethan Allen capsized on Lake George over so quickly that none of the 47 passengers from Michigan could put on a life jacket. 20 people were killed.
    (AP, 10/3/05)
2005        Oct 2, Nipsey Russell (80), actor and comedian, died in NY. As the "poet laureate of television," he delivered his signature four-line verse during frequent guest appearances on TV game shows and talk shows. Russell launched his TV career in 1961 as Officer Anderson in the series "Car 54, Where are You?" He also appeared in the 1994 film version.
    (AP, 10/4/05) 
2005        Oct 2, Playwright August Wilson (60), whose epic 10-play cycle chronicling the black experience in 20th-century America included such landmark dramas as "Fences" and "Ma Rainey's Black Bottom," died of liver cancer.
    (AP, 10/3/05)(Econ, 10/8/05, p.94)
2005        Oct 2, Afghan government forces killed 31 suspected Taliban militants near the eastern border with Pakistan. In a separate clash militants attacked a truck carrying supplies for U.S.-led coalition forces in Surobi district of eastern Paktia province, killing the truck driver. In fighting that followed, three more militants were killed and two arrested. Two Afghan army officers were wounded.
    (AP, 10/3/05)
2005        Oct 2, Afghan election officials said ballot boxes from about 4% of the country’s 26,000 polling stations were set aside for investigation on suspicion of fraud.
    (SFC, 10/3/05, p.A8)
2005        Oct 2, The fragmented political opposition in Belarus chose Alexander Milinkevich (58), a former US-educated physicist, to challenge President Alexander Lukashenko in next year's presidential election.
    (AP, 10/2/05)
2005        Oct 2, In western Colombia leftist FARC rebels attacked a police station in an isolated jungle town, killing at least five police officers.
    (AP, 10/3/05)
2005        Oct 2, The US ambassador urged Colombia to spray weed killer inside the country's spectacular nature parks to destroy cocaine-producing crops, insisting the chemicals will not cause widespread damage to the reserves' ecosystems.
    (AP, 10/2/05)
2005        Oct 2, A Dubai-based newspaper said it stands by a story in which it quoted Iran's president as saying he might curtail oil sales if his nation is referred to the UN Security Council for possible sanctions over its nuclear program.
    (AP, 10/2/05)
2005        Oct 2, Voters in the German city of Dresden cast the last ballots in the inconclusive national election in what could offer a breakthrough in a bitter power struggle over who will be the next chancellor. The election there was postponed for two weeks due to the death of a neo-Nazi candidate. Conservative challenger Angela Merkel's party gained a seat in Dresden, the last remaining district in parliamentary balloting.
    (AP, 10/2/05)
2005        Oct 2, Hundreds of U.S. troops combed through a village near the Syrian border, breaking into houses and fighting sporadic gun battles with gunmen on the second day of a new offensive against al-Qaida insurgents. At least eight militants were killed.
    (AP, 10/2/05)
2005        Oct 2, Al-Qaida in Iraq claimed to have captured two US Marines participating in an offensive in western Iraq, threatening in a Web statement to kill them within 24 hours. The US military said the claim appeared to be fake.
    (AP, 10/2/05)
2005        Oct 2, Israel suspended its offensive into the Gaza Strip following a lull in rocket fire by Palestinian militants, but it is ready to restart the operation if attacks resume.
    (AP, 10/2/05)
2005        Oct 2, Libya awarded 44 oil exploration permits to predominantly Asian and European companies after a first batch was awarded earlier this year mainly to American firms.
    (AFP, 10/3/05)
2005        Oct 2, Portuguese Prime Minister Jose Socrates met Libyan leader Moamer Kadhafi in Tripoli, as Libya continues its bid to warm relations with the West.
    (AP, 10/2/05)
2005        Oct 2, Felipe Calderon, Mexico's former energy secretary, appeared headed toward another victory in the 2nd round of the ruling National Action Party's 3-part presidential primary.
    (AP, 10/2/05)
2005        Oct 2, Moroccan police began rounding up African refugees. Doctors Without Borders soon reported that Morocco had dropped about 1,000 people in the desert and left them there to walk for nearly a week. As a result, the government established the two holding centers at Touizgue and Berden for those people to find refuge.
    (AP, 10/18/05)   
2005        Oct 2, Assailants fired rockets at a Pakistani army base, killing a soldier and three government employees in a spate of violence in the lawless tribal area along the Afghan border.
    (AP, 10/3/05)
2005        Oct 2, Hamas gunmen clashed with Palestinian security forces in the Gaza Strip. A police commander and a civilian were killed and at least 50 others were wounded.
    (SFC, 10/3/05, p.A8)
2005        Oct 2, Project leader Exxon Mobil corporation said Russia's massive Sakhalin-1 oil and gas field started pumping oil off the country's Pacific coast at the weekend.
    (AP, 10/2/05)
2005        Oct 2-2005 Oct 3, In Colombia suspected leftist rebels (FARC) killed at least 13 coca harvesters near Vistahermosa as part of a struggle with far-right paramilitary gangs for control of the lucrative cocaine trade.
    (AP, 10/5/05)

2005        Oct 3, President Bush nominated White House counsel Harriet Miers (b.1945) to the Supreme Court, turning to a lawyer who has never been a judge to replace Sandra Day O'Connor and help reshape the nation's judiciary. She withdrew three weeks later after criticism over her lack of judicial experience and Republican concerns about her conservatism.
    (AP, 10/3/05)(SFC, 10/4/05, p.A1)(AP, 10/3/06)
2005        Oct 3, Representative Tom DeLay, a powerful ally of President George W. Bush, was indicted on a new charge of money laundering as his lawyers moved to dismiss a previous conspiracy indictment filed last week.
    (AP, 10/4/05)
2005        Oct 3, The US search for bodies due to Hurricane Katrina ended with a toll of 964.
    (WSJ, 10/4/05, p.A1)
2005        Oct 3, Stellar Management of NY and Rockpoint Group announced their purchase of the Villas Parkmerced complex in SF. The 115-acre, 3,221-unit complex sold for an estimated $700 million. Carmel Properties and JP Morgan had purchased the property in 1999 for $324 million.
    (SFC, 10/4/05, p.C1)
2005        Oct 3, A Russian space capsule with American tourist Gregory Olsen aboard docked with the international space station.
    (AP, 10/4/06)
2005        Oct 3, The UN ambassadors of Britain, France and the US sent a letter emphasizing their continued opposition to a proposal to create a nuclear-weapons free zone in Central Asia. The letter, sent to the UN ambassadors of the five Central Asian nations, says that a draft treaty to create the zone still does not address their biggest concerns and that further discussions are needed. It calls for consultations "very soon." The five nations agreed to the draft text for a Central Asian nuclear-free zone in February. Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan had originally put forward a proposal for a nuclear-weapon free zone in 1997, but divisions both internal and external over the text have stalled progress. Moscow claims that a 1992 treaty that Russia signed with Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan could allow missiles to be deployed in the region.
    (AP, 10/4/05)
2005        Oct 3, Australians Barry J. Marshall and Robin Warren won the 2005 Nobel Prize in medicine for showing that bacterial infection, not stress, was to blame for painful ulcers in the stomach and intestine.
    (AP, 10/3/05)
2005        Oct 3, In southeastern Bangladesh several bombs went off in crowded court buildings in Chittagong, Chandpur and Laxmipur towns. 2 people were killed and at least 25 wounded.
    (AP, 10/4/05)
2005        Oct 3, Bishop Luiz Flavio Cappio (59), a Catholic bishop on a hunger strike to protest plans to alter the course of a river to irrigate parts of Brazil's arid northeast, said he was "ready to die" if the project goes forward. Pres. Lula da Silva, who was born in one of the drought stricken regions that would benefit from the altered course of the Sao Francisco River, wrote the bishop a letter saying the $2 billion project will help 18 million people in northeastern Brazil.
    (AP, 10/3/05)
2005        Oct 3, Singer Emilinha Borba (82), the queen of Brazil's golden age of radio, died of a heart attack. In 1939, Borba recorded her first record, "Pirulito," or "Lollipop," launching her career as a radio singer. Between 1939 and 1964, Borba recorded over 200 songs.
    (AP, 10/4/05)
2005        Oct 3, The boards of pharmaceutical distributor Alliance UniChem PLC and drugstore chain Boots Group PLC said they had agreed to merge.
    (AP, 10/3/05)
2005        Oct 3, In Colombia a bomb packed inside a pickup truck and apparently meant to target government forces killed 3 members of a family, including two children, when it exploded as they passed by in Florida County, a FARC stronghold.
    (AP, 10/4/05)
2005        Oct 3, EU nations reached a tentative agreement on pursuing full membership talks with Turkey, diplomats said. A spokesman for the Turkish prime minister denied reports that Ankara had agreed to the deal.
    (AP, 10/3/05)
2005        Oct 3, The EU imposed an arms embargo on Uzbekistan, cut aid, and suspended a cooperation accord to punish the increasingly isolated country for refusing to investigate the violent suppression of an uprising in May.
    (AP, 10/3/05)
2005        Oct 3, In El Salvador heavy rains triggered landslides that killed at least 31 people, while rising rivers forced the evacuation of dozens of people there and in neighboring Guatemala.
    (AP, 10/3/05)
2005        Oct 3, In France a widespread transit strike expected to touch on nearly all modes of public transportation began late at night in protest of the center-right government's economic and labor policies.
    (AP, 10/3/05)
2005        Oct 3, Munich's two-week Oktoberfest drew to a close, and organizers said more people visited this year but they drank less beer than in 2004.
    (AP, 10/3/05)
2005        Oct 3, India and Pakistan signed a deal requiring them to notify each other of plans for ballistic missile tests.
    (AP, 10/3/05)
2005        Oct 3, In central India at least 16 people were killed and dozens injured when six cars of a speeding passenger train derailed.
    (AP, 10/3/05)
2005        Oct 3, In western Iraq 2 US soldiers and a Marine were killed.
    (AP, 10/4/05)
2005        Oct 3, More than 300 Africans tore through a razor-wire fence separating Morocco from the Spanish enclave of Melilla, clashing with police in the latest wave of undocumented immigrants seeking a foothold in Europe.
    (AP, 10/3/05)
2005        Oct 3, The Palestinian parliament voted that Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas must form a new government within two weeks.
    (AP, 10/3/05)
2005        Oct 3, In northern and central Portugal 11 wildfires burned out of control amid the country's worst drought on record.
    (AP, 10/4/05)
2005        Oct 3, In Russia Orthodox priests chanted prayers and believers lighted candles as Patriarch Alexy II led reburial rites for Gen. Anton Denikin, who fought against the Red Army during Russia's civil war and is now cast as a patriot. Denikin, who died in exile in the United States in 1947, was laid to rest together with Russian philosopher Ivan Ilyin and the wives of the two men in the historic Donskoy Monastery in central Moscow.
    (AP, 10/3/05)
2005        Oct 3, In Sangju, South Korea, concertgoers trying to enter a packed stadium sparked a stampede, killing 11 and injuring 72 others.
    (AP, 10/3/05)
2005        Oct 3, Sudan's government and rebels from the war-ravaged Darfur region agreed to sit down for face-to-face talks after a week of bickering that had put discussions on hold.
    (AP, 10/3/05)
2005        Oct 3, Switzerland decided to extradite Russia's former nuclear minister to the US on charges of stealing up to $9 million that was intended to improve security of nuclear plants. Russia has been fighting the US extradition request for Yevgeny Adamov out of fear that he could reveal nuclear secrets while facing the charges in the United States.
    (AP, 10/3/05)

2005        Oct 4, President Bush defended his Supreme Court nominee, Harriet Miers, from suggestions by some skeptical Republicans that she was not conservative enough, and insisted Miers shared his strict-constructionist views. Miers ended up withdrawing.
    (AP, 10/4/06)
2005        Oct 4, Americans John L. Hall and Roy J. Glauber and German Theodor W. Haensch won the 2005 Nobel Prize in physics for work that could lead to better long-distance communication and more precise navigation worldwide and in space.
    (AP, 10/4/05)
2005        Oct 4, The US Mint unveiled the design for a new Jefferson nickel called the Jefferson 1800, designed by Jamie Franki. It will begin circulating in 2006.
    (SFC, 10/5/05, p.A7)
2005        Oct 4, The DJIA fell 94.37 to 10,441.11.
    (SFC, 10/5/05, p.C1)
2005        Oct 4, Insurance claims for Hurricane Katrina were estimated at $34.4 billion in personal and commercial property loss claims.
    (SFC, 10/5/05, p.C1)
2005        Oct 4, Hurricane Stan slammed into Mexico’s Gulf coast.
    (AP, 10/4/06)
2005        Oct 4, Philadelphia selected EarthLink to run its municipal wireless system.
    (SFC, 10/5/05, p.C1)
2005        Oct 4, According to the IMF major oil producers were now a bigger source of funds for financial markets and US creditors than China, Japan and the rest of Asia.
    (WSJ, 10/4/05, p.A1)
2005        Oct 4, Google and Sun Microsystems announced an alliance to promote each other’s products.
    (SFC, 10/5/05, p.A1)
2005        Oct 4, It was reported that phthalate chemicals, used in a wide variety of products from toys to cosmetics, had been found to block the action of fetal androgens in rodents. Androgen hormones are critical in developing males.
    (WSJ, 10/4/05, p.A1)
2005        Oct 4, In Afghanistan a bomb exploded near a key crossing point on the Afghan-Pakistan border, killing three people and wounding 20. Authorities blamed Taliban insurgents.
    (AP, 10/5/05)
2005        Oct 4, In London Russia’s Pres. Putin met with EU leaders for talks on expanding cooperation in the fight against crime, including terrorism, and strengthening trade ties.
    (AP, 10/4/05)
2005        Oct 4, A Bosnian Serb panel said it identified more than 17,000 people with varying levels of blood on their hands for abetting the 1995 Srebrenica massacre.
    (WSJ, 10/5/05, p.A1)
2005        Oct 4-2005 Oct 5, In Canada Toronto's chief medical officer said 4 more residents of a nursing home for the elderly have died of an unknown respiratory illness, bringing the number fatally infected by the disease to 10. Officials said Legionnaires’ disease was the likely cause as the deaths rose to 16.
    (AP, 10/5/05)(SFC, 10/7/05, p.A3)
2005        Oct 4, China’s state media reported that raging floodwaters spawned by Typhoon Longwang along the southeastern coast swept away 59 paramilitary police officers and washed away two buildings at a military training school.
    (AP, 10/4/05)
2005        Oct 4, In Colombia a judge ordered the re-arrest of a man in a wheelchair who hijacked a Colombian airliner, but said he could remain under house arrest due to his failing health.
    (AP, 10/4/05)
2005        Oct 4, Colombia granted political asylum to former Ecuadorian President Lucio Gutierrez, who has said he faces treason charges in his homeland.
    (AP, 10/4/05)
2005        Oct 4, Croatia began delayed EU membership talks, after UN chief war crimes prosecutor Carla del Ponte endorsed Zagreb's cooperation with her court.
    (AFP, 10/4/05)
2005        Oct 4, French President Jacques Chirac said that Turkey would need to undergo a "major cultural revolution" before entering the EU, and he reiterated that France would hold a referendum on admitting Ankara to the bloc.
    (AP, 10/4/05)
2005        Oct 4, It was reported that French Attorney Jean-Marc Goldnadel had launched classaction.fr, a French Web site that lets users sign up to lawsuits online for as little as 12 euros ($14.50).  President Jacques Chirac had announced the introduction of class action suits earlier in the year.
    (AP, 10/4/05)
2005        Oct 4, In India's northeast 11 people, including five villagers hacked to death by rival tribesmen, were reported killed. Separatist insurgencies have raged in Manipur and Assam states for the past two decades.
    (AP, 10/4/05)
2005        Oct 4, Indonesia’s central bank raised interest rates for the 3rd time in 5 weeks one point to 11% in an effort to keep a lid on inflation.
    (WSJ, 10/5/05, p.A18)
2005        Oct 4, The 1st day of Ramadan began for Muslims.
    (AP, 10/4/05)
2005        Oct 4, Iraqi lawmakers approved the death penalty for anyone financing or "provoking" terrorism.
    (AP, 10/4/05)
2005        Oct 4, A suicide car bomb exploded at a checkpoint at the main entrance of Baghdad's Green Zone, killing two Iraqi policemen and wounding one.
    (AP, 10/4/05)
2005        Oct 4, In western Iraq some 2,500 U.S. troops along with Iraqi forces launched their second major offensive in a week, sweeping into three towns to take them back from insurgents who had killed Marines there last month.
    (AP, 10/4/05)
2005        Oct 4, Japan's Cabinet endorsed a one-year extension of the country's naval mission to support U.S.-led troops in Afghanistan, citing renewed concerns about terrorism after the recent bombings in Indonesia.
    (AP, 10/4/05)
2005        Oct 4, In Nigeria at least 3 civilians were killed in crossfire and a Lagos police headquarters was burned down after a dispute between armed police and soldiers erupted in street fighting. Witnesses said that brawling broke out after an army officer tried to prevent a police patrol extorting an illegal 20 naira (seven cent) toll from a motorcycle taxi driver.
    (AP, 10/5/05)
2005        Oct 4, Jim Gray (43), one of Northern Ireland's most high-profile Protestant militants was shot to death outside his home in east Belfast, more than six months after he was ousted by his outlawed group.
    (AP, 10/4/05)
2005        Oct 4, Pakistani security forces arrested Abdul Latif Hakimi, the chief spokesman of Afghanistan's ousted Taliban regime, describing his capture as a major blow to the Islamic militia.
    (AFP, 10/4/05)
2005        Oct 4, A Palestinian woman brandishing a knife stabbed and wounded an Israeli soldier at a checkpoint outside the West Bank city of Nablus before other soldiers shot and killed her.
    (AP, 10/4/05)
2005        Oct 4, In Peru Maritza Garrido Lecca, a former ballet teacher who used her dance studio to hide Shining Path founder Abimael Guzman, was sentenced to 20 years in prison after a three-month civilian retrial. Nicholas Shakespeare used the story as inspiration for his novel "The Dancer Upstairs" (1995), which John Malkovich turned into a 2002 movie of the same name, starring Javier Bardem.
    (AP, 10/5/05)
2005        Oct 4, A Philippine provincial government filed a lawsuit in Nevada accusing Canadian mining giant Placer Dome Inc. of damaging the environment and health of residents of an island about 100 miles south of Manila. Placer Dome was blamed for a March 1996 environmental accident that sent millions of tons of open-pit copper mine waste down a river to the Marinduque capital, Boac.
    (AP, 10/4/05)
2005        Oct 4, Spain said it will build a third high-security fence between its Melilla enclave and Morocco after undocumented immigrants repeatedly stormed two existing barriers.
    (AP, 10/4/05)
2005        Oct 4, UN peacekeepers preparing to pull out of Sierra Leone said they have completed the mission they began six years ago but warn the country still has a long way to go before it recovers from one of Africa's most brutal wars.
    (AP, 10/4/05)
2005        Oct 4, Sudan's government and rebels from Darfur met for a 2nd day of talks in Nigeria. The visiting Dutch PM urged all parties to reach a power-sharing deal by the end of the year.
    (AP, 10/4/05)
2005        Oct 4, A new Syrian TV series began broadcasting around the Middle East. It tells the story of Arabs living in residential compounds in Saudi Arabia and the militant Islamists who want to blow them up so they can collect their rewards in heaven, 72 beautiful virgins.
    (AP, 10/10/05)
2005        Oct 4, The UAE Labor Ministry announced that company executives will find their names on a sheet of shame published by the government if they don't start paying wages to their laborers.
    (AP, 10/4/05)
2005        Oct 4, The UN Security Council warned Ethiopia and Eritrea against reigniting their border war and urged Eritrea to immediately reverse its ban on all helicopter flights by UN peacekeepers.
    (AP, 10/4/05)
2005        Oct 4, Venezuela said it has reduced its holdings of US Treasury securities and moved some foreign exchange reserves into European investments.
    (SFC, 10/5/05, p.A18)
2005        Oct 4-2005 Oct 9, The World Golf Championships took place at Harding Park Golf Course along Lake Merced in SF, Ca.
    (SFCM, 10/2/05, p.6)

2005        Oct 5, Defying the White House, US senators voted 90-9 to approve an amendment that would prohibit the use of "cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment" against anyone in U.S. government custody.
    (AP, 10/5/06)
2005        Oct 5, Americans Robert H. Grubbs and Richard R. Schrock and Yves Chauvin of France won the Nobel Prize in chemistry for their work in metathesis, a technique for moving groups of atoms from one molecule to another. Their discoveries let industry create drugs and advanced plastics in a more efficient and environmentally friendly way.
    (AP, 10/5/05)(Econ, 10/8/05, p.87)
2005        Oct 5, In a move meant to send a message to Uzbekistan, the US Senate voted to block the payment of $23 million for past use of an air base that the Uzbek government recently said will no longer host U.S. aircraft and troops.
    (AP, 10/5/05)
2005        Oct 5, Lawrence Franklin (58), a Pentagon employee, admitted in court he provided classified defense information to an Israeli diplomat and two employees of (AIPAC), a pro-Israel lobby group in 2003-2004. In 2006 Franklin was sentenced to over 12 years in prison.
    (AFP, 10/6/05)(SFC, 1/21/06, p.A4)
2005        Oct 5, The City Council of Oakland, Ca., approved a 3 dog limit for city residents. Breeders, kennels and rescue groups were exempted.
    (SFC, 10/6/05, p.B5)
2005        Oct 5, The DJIA dropped nearly 124 points to 10,317.36 over inflation concerns.
    (SFC, 10/6/05, p.C1)
2005        Oct 5, A team of US researchers announced the successful rebuilding of a replica of the 1918 Spanish flu virus. The genetic blueprint was published on the Internet. Their success was based on an original sample recovered from a frozen corpse in Alaska in 1997.
    (SFC, 10/6/05, p.A1)
2005        Oct 5, NASA announced that short burst type of Gamma Ray Bursters involved the collision of either 2 neutron stars or of a neutron star and a black hole. Gamma Ray Bursters were 1st discovered in 1967 and later 2 types were identified. The long burst type had previously been explained as radiation from the collapse of a massive star.
    (SFC, 10/6/05, p.A2)
2005        Oct 5, Hurricane Stan knocked down trees, ripped roofs off homes and washed out bridges in southeastern Mexico, but it was the storms it helped spawn that were far more destructive, killing more than 65 people in Central America. Officials in El Salvador said 49 people had been killed, mostly due to two days of mudslides sparked by rains. 9 people died in Nicaragua, including six migrants believed to be Ecuadorians killed in a boat accident. Four deaths were reported in Honduras, three in Guatemala and one in Costa Rica.
    (AP, 10/5/05)
2005        Oct 5, Daniel Alfredsson scored twice in the final six minutes of regulation and once during the first shootout in NHL history, leading Ottawa to a 3-2 win over Toronto.
    (AP, 10/5/06)
2005        Oct 5, Iran's foreign minister met with Omani officials, part of a tour of Gulf countries to win support for his government's standoff with the West over its nuclear program.
    (AP, 10/5/05)
2005        Oct 5, Iraq's parliament voted to reverse last-minute changes to rules for next week's referendum on a new constitution after the UN said they were unfair. Sunni Arabs responded by dropping their threat to boycott the vote and promised to reject the charter at the polls.
    (AP, 10/5/05)
2005        Oct 5, A bomb exploded at the entrance of a Shiite Muslim mosque south of Baghdad as hundreds of worshippers gathered for prayers on the first day of Ramadan and for the funeral of a man killed in an earlier bombing. At least 25 people were killed and 87 wounded. In Kirkuk assassins killed Nubiel Sharaf Aldeen, a retired police official.
    (AP, 10/5/05)(SFC, 10/7/05, p.A14)
2005        Oct 5, A video showing two Iraqi men being beheaded for allegedly spying for the United States was posted on a militant Islamic Web site, and the Ansar al-Sunnah Army claimed it had carried out the executions.
    (AP, 10/5/05)
2005        Oct 5, Toyota Motor Corp. said it has agreed to buy an 8.7 percent stake in rival Japanese automaker Fuji Heavy Industries, the maker of Subaru cars, from General Motors Corp. for about $315 million.
    (AP, 10/5/05)
2005        Oct 5, Some 500 African immigrants defied increased security and tried to surge across razor-wire fences separating Morocco and the Spanish enclave of Melilla, the 5th such rush in a week. The assault in a week prompted Spain to announce plans to expel the illegal migrants.
    (AP, 10/6/05)
2005        Oct 5, Drug agents found 3,904 pounds of cocaine in the steel oxygen tank, one of the largest drug busts in Puerto Rico's history. The DEA has estimated that as much as 20 percent of the cocaine that reaches the US moves through the Caribbean. Traffickers love Puerto Rico because after their drugs arrive on the island, they can be hidden amid regular cargo and shipped onward, bypassing routine searches because Puerto Rico is part of the United States.
    (AP, 11/7/05)
2005        Oct 5, In southern Thailand suspected Islamic insurgents shot and killed five soldiers as they ate dinner at a military outpost.
    (AP, 10/5/05)
2005        Oct 5, The official Herald newspaper reported Zimbabwe needs to import more grain to feed at least 2.2 million needy people who cannot fend for themselves until the new harvest next April.
    (AP, 10/5/05)

2005        Oct 6, President Bush sought to rally flagging public support for the war in Iraq, accusing militants of seeking to establish a "radical Islamic empire" with Iraq as the base.
    (AP, 10/6/06)
2005        Oct 6, Gregg Miller won the Ig Nobel Prize for medicine for his prosthetic testicles for neutered dogs. Miller has sold more than 150,000 of his Neuticles, more than doubling his $500,000 investment. The silicone implants come in different sizes, shapes, weights and degrees of firmness. Other winners included Nigerian Internet scammers and a team that calculated the pressures created when penguins poop.
    (AP, 10/7/05)
2005        Oct 6-2005 Oct 7, More than 65 countries and international organizations met at the US State Department to plan for the possible outbreak of potentially deadly bird flu.
    (AP, 10/5/05)
2005        Oct 6, The US State Department offered a reward of up to $10 million for information leading to the arrest and conviction of a suspected mastermind in the nightclub bombings in 2002 in Bali, Indonesia.
    (AP, 10/6/05)
2005        Oct 6, Dean VandenBiesen, vice president of operations for LifeGem, said his company uses super-hot ovens to transform funeral ashes to graphite and then presses the stone into blue and yellow diamonds that retail for anywhere from 2,700 to 20,000 dollars.
    (AFP, 10/7/05)
2005        Oct 6, Merck & Co. Inc. said a vaccine that targets a human wart virus completely prevented early-stage cervical cancer and precancerous lesions in women caused by the two most common forms of the virus.
    (AP, 10/6/05)
2005        Oct 6, Dennis Murphy (b.1932), screenwriter and author of “The Sergeant" (1958), died in SF. He also wrote the script for the 1971 film version.
    (SFC, 10/11/05, p.B9)
2005        Oct 6, Coalition forces who were engaged in combat with militants opened fire on a vehicle carrying Afghan police, killing four and wounding one.
    (AP, 10/7/05)
2005        Oct 6, In Colombia right-wing paramilitary groups suspended their demobilization process with the government to protest President Alvaro Uribe's decision to jail a paramilitary leader who is wanted in New York on drug trafficking charges.
    (AP, 10/6/05)
2005        Oct 6, In Colombia an intense rainstorm triggered a landslide that buried part of Bello, a shantytown on the outskirts of the northwestern city of Medellin, killing at least 26 people, many of them children.
    (AP, 10/7/05)
2005        Oct 6-2005 Oct 8, In Guatemala rescue workers searched for victims of a mudslide near Lake Atitlan, a volcano-ringed lake popular with tourists. Panabaj and Tzanchaz were entombed by a mudflow half a mile wide. The death toll in the region from flooding sparked by Hurricane Stan soon climbed to 617 with 42 dead in Mexico, 72 dead in El Salvador and 11 dead in Nicaragua.
    (SFC, 10/7/05, p.A3)(AP, 10/9/05)(Econ, 10/15/05, p.43)
2005        Oct 6, Insurgents using suicide and roadside bombs killed at least 13 people, including a U.S. soldier, and wounded 19 in the latest of a series of attacks aimed at wrecking Iraq's constitutional referendum next week.
    (AP, 10/6/05)
2005        Oct 6, Bomb blasts killed six Marines in western Iraq. US forces killed 29 militants in offensives aimed at uprooting al-Qaida insurgents.
    (AP, 10/7/05)
2005        Oct 6, Africa Union leaders said Ivorian President Laurent Gbagbo's could stay in power after his term expires on October 30, giving him up to a year more in office in a bid to resolve the crisis in his divided country.
    (AFP, 10/6/05)
2005        Oct 6, In Japan the Yomiuri Shimbun newspaper was awarded compensation from a small Internet firm that used its news headlines without permission, in a first-of-a-kind ruling in the country. The Intellectual Property High Court, a special branch court of the Tokyo High Court, ordered Digital Alliance Corp. to pay about 237,700 yen (2,000 dollars) to the Yomiuri.
    (AFP, 10/6/05)
2005        Oct 6, In Lithuania authorities released the pilot of a Russian military plane that crashed in Lithuania, saying he was no longer suspected of violating the Baltic country's airspace.
    (AP, 10/6/05)
2005        Oct 6, Gunmen abducted three local Hamas leaders in a series of kidnappings. Prof. Riad Abdel Karim al-Raz (47), a Palestinian university professor known as a Hamas leader, was released the next day. The al-Farouk bin al-Khatab Brigades, claimed responsibility.
    (AP, 10/7/05)
2005        Oct 6, Romania said it has deported five students accused of having ties to al-Qaida and trying to recruit members of the country's Muslim community.
    (AP, 10/6/05)
2005        Oct 6, A UN official said the International Criminal Court in The Hague has issued arrest warrants for Joseph Kony and 5 henchmen of the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA), a Ugandan cult notorious for raping, maiming and killing children.
    (Reuters, 10/6/05)(Econ, 10/22/05, p.48)

2005        Oct 7, The former Tanforan Park Shopping Center in San Bruno, Ca., was scheduled to re-open as “The Shops of Tanforan" following a 2-year renovation.
    (SFC, 10/6/05, p.B1)
2005        Oct 7, Mohamed ElBaradei and the International Atomic Energy Agency won the 2005 Nobel Peace Prize for their drive to curb the spread of atomic weapons by using diplomacy to resolve standoffs with Iran and North Korea over their nuclear programs.
    (AP, 10/7/05)
2005        Oct 7, The Senate voted to give President Bush $50 billion more for the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan and US military efforts against terrorism, money that would push total spending for the operations beyond $350 billion.
    (AP, 10/7/05)
2005        Oct 7, Jimmy Massey, a former U.S. Marine in Iraq, alleged that his battalion committed atrocities against Iraqi civilians during the U.S.-led invasion in 2003, including shooting unarmed protesters. He detailed the allegations in his book "Kill! Kill! Kill!", written with the French journalist Natasha Saulnier and published in France.
    (AP, 10/7/05)
2005        Oct 7, John Rigas and his son, founders of bankrupt Adelphia Communications, were indicted for failure to pay some $300 million in taxes.
    (SFC, 10/8/05, p.C1)
2005        Oct 7, California’s Gov. Schwarzenegger signed legislation to allow local governments to regulate certain breeds of dogs.
    (SFC, 10/8/05, p.A11)
2005        Oct 7, Charles Rocket (56), actor and comedian, died of apparent suicide near his home in Connecticut. Rocket was a cast member of Saturday Night Live during the 1980-81 season.
    (SFC, 10/18/05, p.B4)
2005        Oct 7, In Brazil former security guard Deusimar Neves Queiroz, a suspect in one of the world's biggest bank robberies, was arrested after his sister-in-law tipped off police to his alleged involvement.
    (AP, 10/8/05)
2005        Oct 7, Reckitt Benckiser PLC announced it has agreed to buy the consumer healthcare division of Boots Group PLC for 1.9 billion pounds ($3.4 billion).
    (AP, 10/7/05)
2005        Oct 7, At least seven Iraqi civilians were killed in shootings around the city, and at least two bodies were found dumped in the capital.
    (AP, 10/7/05)
2005        Oct 7, In Iraq insurgents killed Haj Abdul Bajid Ahmed Al-Jibori, a member of the local district council, in a drive-by shooting southwest of the northern city of Kirkuk. West of Baghdad, a drive-by shooting killed police Capt. Haqi Ismael, who worked with the Ministry of Interior.
    (AP, 10/8/05)
2005        Oct 7, In Belfast, Northern Ireland, police and secret service agents arrested Sean Garland (71) and 6 accomplices of an IRA splinter group for conspiring with North Korea to distribute counterfeit $100 bills.
    (WSJ, 10/12/05, p.A1)
2005        Oct 7, In eastern Pakistan assailants with assault rifles attacked a mosque belonging to a small Muslim sect, killing at least eight people and wounding 19.
    (AP, 10/7/05)
2005        Oct 7, Palestinian police arrested 30 suspected car thieves and drug dealers in a high-profile crackdown on crime in this West Bank town.
    (AP, 10/7/05)
2005        Oct 7, Philippine authorities said they had started an investigation to unmask opposition figures suspected of involvement in the theft of classified US documents in a widening spy scandal. Leandro Aragoncillo, an FBI analyst in New Jersey, was suspected of passing intelligence to the Philippines.
    (AP, 10/7/05)(SFC, 10/7/05, p.A11)
2005        Oct 7, Russia test-launched a collapsible mini-spacecraft, which is designed to carry cargo and even passengers from the international space station to Earth.
    (AP, 10/7/05)
2005        Oct 7, Serbia's war crimes prosecutors filed charges against five Serb paramilitaries who appeared in a video showing the execution of six Srebrenica Muslims.
    (AP, 10/7/05)
2005        Oct 7, The Sudanese government agreed for the first time to allow Ugandan troops to pursue members of the rebel Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) in all parts of southern Sudan.
    (AP, 10/12/05)
2005        Oct 7-2005 Oct 8, More than 330 school children in western Ukraine were hospitalized with food poisoning, including four who were in critical condition. A preliminary investigation showed that the source of infection as a dysentery bacteria in kefir, a popular drink made of fermented milk.
    (AP, 10/8/05)

2005        Oct 8, In New Orleans Robert Davis, a retired elementary teacher, was repeatedly punched in the head by police in an incident caught on videotape. Davis was not drunk, put up no resistance and was baffled by what happened. In Dec two police officers were fired for the incident.
    (AP, 10/11/05)(SFC, 10/11/05, p.A4)(SFC, 12/22/05, p.A9)
2005        Oct 8, Amtrak resumed passenger rail service to New Orleans as the train called the City of New Orleans arrived with 29 passengers aboard.
    (AP, 10/8/06)
2005        Oct 8, Auto-parts maker Delphi Corp. filed for bankruptcy, hurt by high wage and benefit costs. It was the biggest bankruptcy filing in US automotive history and promises to have a broad impact across the industry. Unfunded health-care liabilities were estimated at $70 billion. As of June 30 the company employed 177,000 people.
    (AP, 10/8/05)(Econ, 10/15/05, p.14)(WSJ, 9/30/06, p.A1)
2005        Oct 8, In Nevada 23 robotic vehicles competed over a 150-mile course for a $2 million prize sponsored by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Darpa. 4 robotic vehicles finished the race across the Mojave desert over a rugged 132-mile course without a single human command. Stanford University's Sebastian Thrun, a customized Volkswagen, crossed first in 6 hours and 59 minutes. Race officials planned to resume the race Oct 9 so the sole remaining vehicle, a mammoth six-wheel truck, could compete in daylight.
    (SFC, 10/8/05, p.C1)(AP, 10/9/05)(Econ, 10/15/05, p.88)
2005        Oct 8, In eastern China 22 passengers were killed when a bus plunged into a river in Zhejiang province as the National Day holiday week wound down.
    (Reuters, 10/9/05)
2005        Oct 8, In France journalists reporting on the conflict in Iraq, a humanitarian crisis in Sudan, the plight of children in Uganda's insurrection and a deadly school hostage siege in Russia were honored with the annual Bayeux Prize for War Correspondents.
    (AP, 10/8/05)
2005        Oct 8, In India's eastern state of Jharkhand Maoist rebels set off a powerful bomb at a jungle hideout, killing at least 15 policemen including a deputy commandant.
    (AP, 10/8/05)
2005        Oct 8, In Iraq insurgents killed two Iraqis and wounded 12 with roadside bombs and drive-by shootings.
    (AP, 10/8/05)
2005        Oct 8, A 7.6-magnitude earthquake hit Kashmir near the Pakistan-India border reaching to Afghanistan. It reduced villages to rubble, triggered landslides and flattened an apartment building, killing thousands of people in India and Pakistan. Pakistani officials said the death toll ranged between nearly 20,000 and 30,000. The newly reopened "Peace Bridge" linking the Indian and Pakistani portions of disputed Kashmir nearly collapsed during the earthquake. The death toll from the quake reached 87,350. The UN estimated that 3 million people were left homeless by the earthquake.
    (AP, 10/9/05)(SSFC, 10/9/05, p.A1)(AP, 11/8/05)(Econ, 5/6/06, p.44)
2005        Oct 8, Nigeria's financial crimes agency said it had returned $4.5 million last month seized from scammers to an 86-year-old Chinese woman.
    (AP, 10/8/05)
2005        Oct 8, Romania reported new cases of avian flu in the Danube delta on the Black Sea and started to cull hundreds of birds to prevent the disease from spreading.
    (AP, 10/8/05)
2005        Oct 8, Russia's military conducted a successful ballistic missile test from a nuclear submarine in the Barents Sea, hitting a target on the eastern peninsula of Kamchatka.
    (AP, 10/8/05)
2005        Oct 8, In Sudan's Darfur region 2 African Union peacekeeping soldiers from Nigeria and 2 civilian contractors were killed in an ambush.
    (Reuters, 10/8/05)
2005        Oct 8, Thousands of poor farmers marched through Venezuela's capital demanding that the government expand its initiative to expropriate what they called "idle" land, a program that has raised the ire of cattle ranchers across the country.
    (AP, 10/9/05)
2005        Oct 8-2005 Nov 6, In Russia 33 people died in the Siberian region of Magadan after drinking homemade alcohol containing industrial methanol.
    (AP, 11/9/05)

2005        Oct 9, A driverless Volkswagen won a $2 million race across the rugged Nevada desert, beating four other robot-guided vehicles that completed a Pentagon-sponsored contest aimed at making warfare safer for humans [see Oct 8].
    (AP, 10/9/06)
2005        Oct 9, In SF, Cal., Tiger Woods won the American Express Championship at Harding Park on a 2nd sudden death hole over John Daly.
    (SFC, 10/10/05, p.A1)
2005        Oct 9, Louis Nye, TV comic and 2nd banana, died in LA.
    (WSJ, 10/11/05, p.A1)
2005        Oct 9, In southern Afghanistan a suicide attacker rammed a car laden with explosives into an armored vehicle carrying British government officials, wounding four of them.
    (AP, 10/9/05)
2005        Oct 9, Riot police in Azerbaijan scattered hundreds of opposition supporters protesting in Baku in defiance of a ban, beating some with truncheons and dragging several away as tensions mounted ahead of parliamentary elections next month.
    (AP, 10/9/05)
2005        Oct 9, The bullet-riddled body of Luis Fernando Ribeiro (26), the suspected mastermind of a $70 million heist from a branch of Brazil's Central Bank, was found on an isolated road west of Rio de Janeiro. A document signed by four state prosecutors was published Oct 21 in the Rio newspaper O Globo saying there were signs police may have been involved in Ribeiro's kidnapping and killing. Almost $63 million remained unaccounted for.
    (AP, 10/21/05)
2005        Oct 9, A frantic search for about 1,400 people believed to be buried alive by a mudslide in the Maya village of Panabaj, Guatemala, was continuing as the death toll from massive floods throughout Central America and Mexico rose to a staggering 618.
    (AFP, 10/9/05)(WSJ, 10/11/05, p.A1)
2005        Oct 9, A UN official said more than 2.5 million people have been left homeless by the devastating 7.6-magnitude earthquake that shook India and Pakistan.
    (AP, 10/9/05)
2005        Oct 9, A suicide car bomb killed 2 people outside an apartment building used by the Iranian-backed Badr Brigade, a Shiite militia linked to one of the main parties in the Iraqi government.
    (AP, 10/9/05)
2005        Oct 9, Three Israeli Arabs pleaded guilty to planning to plant bombs on a commuter train track and discussing bombing Tel Aviv's Azrieli Towers, the tallest buildings in Israel.
    (AP, 10/9/05)
2005        Oct 9, It was reported that dengue fever was causing concerns in Malaysia and Martinique. Malaysia reported 71 deaths so far this year from over 27,000 cases. Martinique reported almost 1,000 cases a week since mid-September.
    (SSFC, 10/9/05, p.D2)
2005        Oct 9, In Poland voters chose between two former Solidarity movement activists in presidential elections, underlining the decline of the former communists in a country that was part of the Soviet bloc only 16 years ago.
    (AP, 10/9/05)
2005        Oct 9, The slaughter of thousands of domestic fowl in Romania and Turkey began as a precaution against the spread of bird flu after both countries confirmed their first cases of the disease over the weekend.
    (AP, 10/10/05)
2005        Oct 9, Interfax news reported that Russia will supply Afghanistan's fledgling army with helicopters and equipment worth $30 million, more than 15 years after Moscow withdrew after a nearly decade-long war.
    (AP, 10/9/05)
2005        Oct 9, A Rwandan militia killed 15 civilians with machetes and knives in a nighttime raid on two villages in Congo's mountainous east.
    (AP, 10/10/05)
2005        Oct 9, Rebels freed 36 members of an African Union team, including an American monitor, who were kidnapped earlier in the day in Sudan's western Darfur region.
    (AP, 10/9/05)(AP, 10/10/05)
2005        Oct 9, In Tajikistan a grenade killed a woman (25) on a street in Dushanbe. It was placed in her handbag by a former boyfriend.
    (AP, 10/10/05)

2005        Oct 10, President Bush dined in the French Quarter of New Orleans and stayed in a luxury hotel to showcase progress in hurricane-battered city, which was reported to be turning its attention to removing and scrapping some 200,000 cars, abandoned and waterlogged from Hurricane Katrina.
    (SFC, 10/10/05, p.A5)(AP, 10/10/06)
2005        Oct 10, Eight American helicopters that will carry supplies and rescue teams to remote areas hit by a weekend earthquake landed in Pakistan as the US pledged $50 million for relief in a gesture that officials hope will show sometimes skeptical Pakistanis that Washington is a true ally. Pakistan said up to 40,000 people were feared dead in the weekend earthquake, as frustration over the slow rescue effort turned to anger and scattered looting.
    (AP, 10/10/05)(AFP, 10/10/05)
2005        Oct 10, In Half Moon Bay, Ca., Joel Holland, a retired Washington state firefighter won the annual Safeway World Championship Pumpkin Weigh-Off, presenting a gigantic pumpkin that weighed 1,229 pounds. This matched his winner in 2004. The contest here began in 1974.
    (AP, 10/10/05)(SFC, 10/10/06, p.B3)
2005        Oct 10, Robert J. Aumann of Israel and Thomas C. Schelling of the Univ. of Maryland won the 2005 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences for their work in game theory that explains political and economic conflicts, arms races and even preventing warfare.
    (AP, 10/10/05)
2005        Oct 10, Intel introduced its Xeon, a dual-core processor. AMD unveiled its dual-core Opteron in April.
    (SFC, 10/11/05, p.E1)
2005        Oct 10, Refco Inc., a futures trading company that went public August 11, ousted CEO Phillip Bennett after discovering that a firm he controlled owed Refco $430 million. Bennett repaid the cash the same day. Bennett was arrested the next day and charged with securities fraud on Oct 12. Refco field for bankruptcy on Oct 17.
    (SFC, 10/11/05, p.E12)(SFC, 10/13/05, p.C1)(Econ, 10/15/05, p.79)(WSJ, 7/3/06, p.A1)
2005        Oct 10, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber killed a former militia commander and two others in Kandahar. Police later thwarted a second such attack in the same city when a man blew himself up as he fled the officers.
    (AP, 10/10/05)
2005        Oct 10, In southern Afghanistan suspected Taliban rebels ambushed a police convoy traveling on a mountain road in Helmand province, killing 19 officers in the deadliest attack ever on the fledgling police force. 2 suicide bombers, one of whom was identified as an Arab, killed three people and wounded eight in Kandahar.
    (AP, 10/11/05)
2005        Oct 10, In Afghanistan US warplanes killed 10 suspected rebels in Uruzgan province.
    (AP, 10/12/05)
2005        Oct 10, Election officials said Armen Keshishian, the mayor of Nor-Achin a small Armenian town jailed on murder charges, was re-elected to his post. Keshishian has been charged in the Sept. 24 shooting death of Ashot Mkhitarian, the head of a local electric utility. The pistol that allegedly killed the utility chief had been presented to Keshishian by PM Andranik Markarian. Keshishian will govern his town from behind bars pending trial.
    (AP, 10/10/05)
2005        Oct 10, Shinka Manova, a high-ranking Bulgarian customs official, was slain in Sofia. He was allegedly protecting the smuggling business of the mafia.
    (AP, 10/26/05)
2005        Oct 10, Clashes broke between Colombian police and Indians protesting a planned free trade accord with the US, leaving one Indian dead and at least 15 wounded.
    (AP, 10/10/05)
2005        Oct 10, Conservative leader Angela Merkel said she had reached a "good and fair" deal that will make her Germany's first female chancellor in a power-sharing agreement that would end Gerhard Schroeder's seven years in office.
    (AP, 10/10/05)
2005        Oct 10, The US formally handed Rhein-Main Air Base over to the German government, ending a 60-year stay during which the sprawling field was a hub of activity for American forces facing Soviet bloc troops and Mideast tensions.
    (AP, 10/10/05)
2005        Oct 10, Guatemalan officials said they would abandon communities buried by landslides and declare them mass graveyards as reports of devastation trickled in from some of the more than 100 communities cut off from the outside world after killer mudslides.
    (AP, 10/10/05)
2005        Oct 10, India and Pakistan set aside their often-bitter rivalry when Islamabad accepted an offer of aid for earthquake victims.
    (AP, 10/10/05)
2005        Oct 10, Indonesia said it will test its stock of bird flu vaccine after a corruption scandal involving production of sub-standard doses.
    (AFP, 10/10/05)
2005        Oct 10, An Iraqi official said an arrest warrant has been issued for Hazem Shaalam, a former Iraqi defense minister, accused of corruption and abuse of power while working in the previous interim government, which was installed by the United States last year.
    (AP, 10/10/05)
2005        Oct 10, In Iraq insurgents launched a new salvo of attacks five days ahead of a crucial constitutional referendum, killing at least 12 Iraqis and a US soldier with suicide car bombs, roadside explosives and drive-by shootings.
    (AP, 10/10/05)
2005        Oct 10, Israeli forces caught a 14-year-old boy whom militants tried to push into becoming a suicide bomber.
    (AP, 10/12/05)
2005        Oct 10, Japan's space agency conducted a test flight of a supersonic jet prototype in the Australian Outback.
    (AP, 10/10/05)
2005        Oct 10, Morocco began deporting would-be immigrants, with a flight carrying 140 Senegalese taking off for Dakar after hundreds of Africans stormed razor-wire border fences in recent weeks.
    (AP, 10/10/05)
2005        Oct 10, The final count in Poland's presidential election confirmed that the pro-market lawmaker Donald Tusk won more votes than conservative Warsaw Mayor Lech Kaczynski, but fell short of a majority needed for an outright victory in a first round of balloting.
    (AP, 10/10/05)
2005        Oct 10, The Anatolia news agency said a suspect in a bombing plot against Israeli ships in Turkey earlier gave $50,000 to people accused of carrying out a series of bombings in Istanbul that killed 60 people in 2003, according to testimony from Burhan Kus, a suspect submitted by prosecutors to a court.
    (AP, 10/10/05)
2005        Oct 10, Apolo Milton Obote (b.1924), former head of Uganda, died in South Africa. He led Uganda from 1966-1971, when he was overthrown in a coup by Idi Amin, and from 1980-1985 following disputed general elections.
    (AFP, 10/11/05)

2005        Oct 11, The US Army Corps of Engineers said it had finished pumping out the New Orleans metropolitan area, which was flooded by Hurricane Katrina six weeks earlier and then was swamped again by Hurricane Rita.
    (AP, 10/11/06)
2005        Oct 11, Google unveiled Google.org, an umbrella organization for its philanthropic plans, committing nearly $1 billion to help solve problems including poverty and environmental destruction.
    (SFC, 10/12/05, p.C1)
2005        Oct 11, In Zabul province US-led coalition and Afghan forces killed two Chechens and a Pakistani who were fighting alongside Taliban rebels.
    (AP, 10/11/05)
2005        Oct 11,     In Afghanistan suspected Taliban ambushed a convoy and killed six police.
    (AP, 10/12/05)
2005        Oct 11, Authorities in Brazil declared part of the Amazon River a disaster area after a drought left the levels of parts of the river too low for navigation.
    (AP, 10/11/05)
2005        Oct 11, The British government said it will pay unspecified compensation for injuries and damage caused when its army stormed a police station in the southern Iraqi city of Basra last month to release two soldiers.
    (AP, 10/11/05)
2005        Oct 11, British police arrested 19 people on human smuggling charges. Authorities said the multi-national organization had illegally brought tens of thousands of Turkish Kurds into Britain in recent years.
    (SFC, 10/12/05, p.A3)
2005        Oct 11, Arthur Seldon (89), British intellectual architect of Blairism and Thatcherism, died. Antony Fisher, founder of the Institute of Economic Affairs, hired Seldon as editorial director in 1958.
    (Econ, 10/22/05, p.90)
2005        Oct 11, China's ruling party said communist leaders have approved an economic plan aimed at easing the growing and politically explosive gap between its rich and poor.
    (AP, 10/11/05)
2005        Oct 11, Colombia's navy seized $188 million worth of cocaine, believed to have belonged to rebels, that was hidden in underground chambers next to a river deep in southwestern jungles.
    (AP, 10/11/05)
2005        Oct 11, In Egypt some 3,000 Islamists students staged a demonstration at Cairo Univ. to press for increased freedom on campus and free and fair union elections next month.
    (AFP, 10/11/05)
2005        Oct 11, Haiti's highest court ruled that Dumarsais Simeus, a Haitian-born U.S. businessman, may run for president. Simeus said this marked a turning point in the roles expatriate Haitians could play in their homeland.
    (AP, 10/11/05)
2005        Oct 11, Diplomats said Iran has signaled it is ready to compromise on granting access to sites linked to possible work on nuclear weapons and other demands from the UN atomic watchdog agency to try to avoid referral to the Security Council.
    (AP, 10/11/05)
2005        Oct 11, Insurgents determined to wreck Iraq's constitutional referendum killed more than 40 people and wounded dozens in a series of attacks, including a suicide car bomb that ripped apart a crowded market in a town near the Syrian border.
    (AP, 10/11/05)
2005        Oct 11, In Iraq an IED killed 2 US soldiers in Ramadi.
    (WSJ, 10/12/05, p.A1)
2005        Oct 11, Irish author John Banville beat higher profile favorites to become the surprise winner of Britain's prestigious Booker Prize for fiction. His 14th novel "The Sea" was described by the judges as "a masterly study of grief, memory and love recollected".
    (AP, 10/11/05)(Econ, 10/15/05, p.91)
2005        Oct 11, Israeli forces disguised as vegetable vendors in Tsurif captured Ibrahim Ighnimat (47), a senior Hamas operative, who had been on the run for eight years.
    (AP, 10/12/05)
2005        Oct 11, Japan's powerful lower house of parliament approved a plan to privatize the country's vast postal system.
    (AP, 10/11/05)
2005        Oct 11, Liberia held presidential elections. 22 candidates included an international soccer star, two former warlords and a Harvard-educated woman. Election officials using battery-powered lanterns counted ballots through the night from the country's first postwar polls. Ex-soccer star George Weah led 21 rivals.
    (AP, 10/11/05)(Reuters, 10/11/05)(WSJ, 10/12/05, p.A1)
2005        Oct 11, It was reported that a serial killer, dubbed the "Mataviejitas," or "Little Old Lady Killer," was stalking Mexico City. The killer was said to wear women's clothes and strangled and battered old ladies in their homes.
    (AP, 10/11/05)
2005        Oct 11, In Pakistan survivors scuffled over the badly needed food, the first large-scale aid to make it overland to the devastated city of Muzaffarabad. Officials estimated that the death toll would surpass 35,000.
    (AP, 10/11/05)
2005        Oct 11-2005 Oct 12, Polish customs officials seized at least 8 million cigarettes apparently destined for the British market in a coordinated sweep in two cities. The cigarettes, mostly low-quality Ukrainian-made, were to be incinerated.
    (AP, 10/12/05)
2005        Oct 11, US millionaire scientist Gregory Olsen and a two-man, Russian-American crew returned from the international space station to Earth in a swift, bone-jarring descent in Kazakhstan.
    (AP, 10/11/05)
2005        Oct 11, South Korea raised interest rates .25% for the 1st time in 3 years to 3.5%.
    (WSJ, 10/12/05, p.A14)
2005        Oct 11, A Turkish company signed an agreement to build a $360 million power station in southern Israel. An Israeli Cabinet minister praised such deals as examples of strengthening ties between the Muslim and Jewish countries.
    (AP, 10/11/05)

2005        Oct 12, Human Rights Watch reported that 2,225 inmates in the US were serving life-without-parole terms for crimes committed when they were under 18. California had 180 prisoners serving such sentences for murders committed when they were 17 or 18.
    (SFC, 10/13/05, p.B3)
2005        Oct 12-2005 Oct 13, US federal agents in Operation Long Whine arrested 28 people and seized 1,300 pounds of cocaine during an overnight raid in Atlanta.
    (SFC, 10/14/05, p.A3)
2005        Oct 12, Bridgestone Firestone North American Tire said it has agreed to pay $240 million to Ford Motor Co. to settle claims related to the tiremaker's 2000 recall of defective tires.
    (AP, 10/12/05)
2005        Oct 12, A fire at the Wines Central warehouse in Vallejo, Ca., destroyed tens of million of dollars worth of vintage wine. An estimated 6 million bottles were in storage there. On Oct 18 investigators said the fire was deliberately set. In 2007 Mark Anderson (58), a Sausalito businessman, was charged with setting the fire. In 2009 Anderson pleaded guilty to arson and 18 other counts. On Feb 7, 2012, Anderson was sentenced to 27 years in prison.
    (SFC, 10/13/05, p.A1)(SFC, 10/19/05, p.B1)(SFC, 3/20/07, p.A1)(SFC, 11/17/09, p.C2)(SFC, 2/8/12, p.C1)
2005        Oct 12, In Afghanistan 5 medical workers were killed by gunmen near Kandahar. Pres. Karzai said he believes insurgents are receiving support from the nation's booming drug trade.
    (AP, 10/12/05)
2005        Oct 12, The British government unveiled sweeping anti-terrorism legislation designed to crack down on Islamic extremism, raising concerns from Muslim leaders, opposition parties and legal experts about the potential for infringing on civil liberties.
    (AP, 10/12/05)
2005        Oct 12, A rocket carrying two Chinese astronauts blasted off from a base in China's desert northwest Gansu province, returning the country's manned space program to orbit two years after its history-making first flight.
    (AP, 10/12/05)(Econ, 10/15/05, p.46)
2005        Oct 12, In eastern China a man armed with homemade guns opened fire at a primary school, injuring 16 students before escaping.
    (AP, 10/13/05)
2005        Oct 12, Tens of thousands of trade union workers and Indians took to the streets of Colombia's main cities to protest a proposed free trade pact with the US, accusing President Alvaro Uribe of selling out the country.
    (AP, 10/12/05)
2005        Oct 12, In Costa Rica the InterAmerican Human Rights court, announced that it has ordered Colombia to pay damages in the 1997 massacre of dozens of Mapiripan villagers by right-wing paramilitary fighters.
    (AP, 10/12/05)
2005        Oct 12, In Egypt a sit-in by hundreds of Sudanese refugees outside the offices of the UNHCR in the Cairo entered its 14th day, even as the agency insisted it could not meet their asylum demands. Some 14,400 Sudanese refugees were registered in Egypt.
    (AP, 10/12/05)
2005        Oct 12, The European Commission said companies that want to sell music online in the European Union can now get a single license to operate in all 25 member states.
    (AP, 10/12/05)
2005        Oct 12, The EU agreed to legally require telecommunications companies to keep records of phone and e-mail traffic for up to one year as part of the bloc's anti-terrorist campaign.
    (AP, 10/12/05)
2005        Oct 12, The European Commission presented a new development aid strategy focused primarily on easing poverty in Africa and on holding EU member states to their promises to double aid to the continent.
    (AP, 10/12/05)
2005        Oct 12, Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder said he will not participate in Germany's new coalition government, ending seven years in power marked by a newly assertive foreign policy and efforts to prune welfare benefits that were a drag on Europe's biggest economy.
    (AP, 10/12/05)
2005        Oct 12, In Port-au-Prince, Haiti, kidnappers shot and killed businessman Archange Honore, on a busy street after he resisted being taken, then sped off in his car with his wife and 2 children.
    (AP, 10/13/05)
2005        Oct 12, Iraq’s President Jalal Talabani and other top politicians praised as "historic" the last-minute compromises that negotiators reached on the draft constitution and urged Iraqis to vote "yes" in this weekend's referendum.
    (AP, 10/12/05)
2005        Oct 12, A suicide bomber killed 30 Iraqis at an army recruiting center. An explosion shut down an oil pipeline near the northern city of Beiji.
    (AP, 10/12/05)
2005        Oct 12, Officials said former Finance Minister Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf and soccer star George Weah emerged as early front-runners in Liberia's first post-war elections.
    (AP, 10/12/05)
2005        Oct 12, A Dutch court blocked the extradition of a Dutch terror suspect to the United States, saying his legal rights in U.S. custody could not be guaranteed.
    (AP, 10/12/05)
2005        Oct 12, A build up of pollution from factories and old cars caused a wave of smog that enveloped much of Lagos, Nigeria's largest city.
    (AP, 10/13/05)
2005        Oct 12, Masked Palestinian gunmen kidnapped a US and a British journalist in the Gaza Strip. Both men were freed in the evening.
    (AP, 10/12/05)
2005        Oct 12, An explosion hit a distillery in Russia's Ingushetia region and there were casualties. A police spokesman called the blast a terrorist act.
    (AP, 10/12/05)
2005        Oct 12, In Somalia 6 armed men hijacked the MV Miltzow, a ship carrying food aid, as it was unloading at the port of Merka, marking the second such incident in recent months.
    (AP, 10/12/05)
2005        Oct 12, In South Korea the president's office said South Korea has proposed talks to take back wartime control of its military from the United States.
    (AP, 10/12/05)
2005        Oct 12, Ghazi Kanaan, Syria's interior minister, died. He was one of several top officials caught up in the UN investigation into the slaying of Lebanon's former prime minister. The country's official news agency said he committed suicide in his office.
    (AP, 10/12/05)(Econ, 10/15/05, p.50)
2005        Oct 12, Vietnam presented donor nations an emergency six-month plan to battle bird flu, amid fears of a new outbreak of the deadly disease and delays in a poultry vaccination scheme.
    (AFP, 10/12/05)
2005        Oct 12, Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez ordered a U.S.-based Christian missionary group working with indigenous tribes to leave the country, accusing the organization of "imperialist infiltration" and links to the CIA. Chavez said missionaries of the New Tribes Mission, based in Sanford, Fla., were no longer welcome during a ceremony in a remote Indian village where he presented property titles to several indigenous groups.
    (AP, 10/12/05)

2005        Oct 13, US intelligence officials announced the establishment of a National Clandestine Service to run CIA operations and coordinate activities with the Pentagon and FBI.
    (SFC, 10/14/05, p.A7)
2005        Oct 13, South Korea’s Samsung Electronics agreed to plead guilty to US charges of price fixing memory chips from 1999-2002 and to pay a $300 million fine. In 2006 3 Samsung executives were sentenced to serve up to 8 months in federal prison and fined $250,000 each.
    (SFC, 10/14/05, p.C1)(SFC, 3/23/06, p.C1)
2005        Oct 13, In Afghanistan Sargon Heinrich (40) of Rio Vista, Ca., head of a building company, was hauled from his boardinghouse in Kabul as Afghan agents arrested patrons there. He refused to pay a bribe for release and was charged on Nov 23 for gun-running, forged ID and refusal to cooperate with authorities. 2 Britons and an Indian faced the same plight. All 4 were released Dec 8.
    (SFC, 12/6/05, p.A8)(SFC, 12/10/05, p.A3)
2005        Oct 13, An international group of artists, scientists, lawyers, politicians, economists, academics and business experts issued the Adelphi Charter, which set out new principles for copyrights and patents, and calls on governments to apply a new public interest test. The charter stemmed from the 1754 mission of Britain’s Royal Society of Arts.
    (Econ, 10/15/05, p.67)(www.adelphicharter.org/default.asp)
2005        Oct 13, Argentina and Chile suspended imports of Brazilian meat, joining 28 other countries with similar bans after an outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease.
    (AP, 10/13/05)
2005        Oct 13, British playwright Harold Pinter, who juxtaposed the brutal and the banal in such works as "The Caretaker" and "The Birthday Party" and made an art form out of spare language and unbearable silence, won the 2005 Nobel Prize in literature.
    (AP, 10/13/05)
2005        Oct 13, Scientists announced the discovery in Argentina of a rooster-size fossil named Buitreraptor gonzalezorum. It dates back 90 million years and closely resembles fossils from the North. It was part of the class called dromaesaurs believed to have originated 180 million years ago in Laurasia.
    (www.livescience.com/animalworld/051012_new_dino.html)
2005        Oct 13, Chinese archeologists reported their find of a 4,000 year-old container in northwestern China of noodles made from millet.
    (SFC, 10/13/05, p.A2)
2005        Oct 13, At the Ibero-American Summit in Spain, foreign ministers from Latin America, Spain and Portugal backed Cuba on in two of its battles against the US, calling for an end to the US embargo and the expulsion from the U.S. of a Cuban militant wanted for a 1976 plane bombing.
    (AP, 10/13/05)
2005        Oct 13, Lucio Gutierrez, ousted Ecuadorian President said he was renouncing his asylum in Colombia and would return to his own country, where he faces arrest, and attempt to regain power.
    (AP, 10/13/05)
2005        Oct 13, The EU said the bird flu virus found in Turkish poultry was the H5N1 strain that scientists worry might mutate into a human virus and spark a pandemic. Turkey's health minister said the outbreak had been contained.
    (AP, 10/13/05)
2005        Oct 13, Germany's highest administrative court has upheld claims to real estate in Berlin by heirs of the Jewish Wertheim family who lost their department store fortune under the Nazis. The department store site is worth some $20 million. The decision opened the way for claims on a total of 24 acres of former Wertheim property in Berlin, which was estimated to be worth some $200 million.
    (AP, 10/26/05)
2005        Oct 13, Authorities said the number of people missing in Guatemala after last week's flooding and mudslides rose to 828, while the confirmed death toll held steady at 654.
    (AP, 10/13/05)
2005        Oct 13, In Iraq a US soldier died when by a roadside bomb hit his combat patrol.
    (AP, 10/13/05)
2005        Oct 13, A female suicide bomber blew herself up minutes before an army convoy was to pass on a key highway in Indian Kashmir, the first such attack by a woman in the region's Islamic separatist conflict.
    (AP, 10/13/05)
2005        Oct 13, The UN adopted AU proposals giving Ivorian President Laurent Gbagbo a year more in office with the caveat that he cede some powers to the prime minister.
    (Econ, 10/22/05, p.50)
2005        Oct 13, Soccer star George Weah took an early lead as results trickled in from Liberia's first post-war elections, but he seemed likely to face a run-off with former Finance Minister Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf.
    (AP, 10/13/05)
2005        Oct 13, Philippine police fired jets of water and used anti-riot shields to break up a march by about 300 left-wing student activists demanding the ouster of President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo.
    (AP, 10/13/05)
2005        Oct 13, In Russia scores of Islamic militants launched simultaneous attacks on police and government buildings in Nalchik, capital of the republic of Kabardino-Balkariya, sparking battles that killed 139 people, including 94 militants. Chechen rebels claimed responsibility for the attacks. President Putin ordered a total blockade of Nalchik, a city of 235,000, to prevent militants from slipping out, and he said armed resisters would be shot.
    (SFC, 10/14/05, p.A11)(Econ, 7/15/06, p.25)(AP, 10/13/06)
2005        Oct 13, Spanish authorities said police have seized 3.5 tons of cocaine in a fishing boat bound for Spain from Venezuela after tip-offs from U.S. authorities.
    (AP, 10/13/05)

2005        Oct 14, The US Treasury Department reported that the federal deficit hit $319 billion for the budget year just ended, down from the previous year, but still the third highest.
    (AP, 10/14/06)
2005        Oct 14, Rain fell for an eighth straight day around the waterlogged Northeast US, pushing people from their homes in the middle of the night and leaving train tracks littered with fallen trees.
    (AP, 10/14/05)
2005        Oct 14, Dernae Wysinger (22) and his 2-year-old son were shot to death in San Francisco’s Potrero Hill district. Police soon issued an arrest warrant for suspect Joseph Stevens (22). This marked the 64th and 65th homicides in SF this year. In 2007 Stevens (23) was convicted for the murders, which were apparently done in retaliation for another slaying.
    (SSFC, 10/16/05, p.B1)(SFC, 3/21/07, p.B3)
2005        Oct 14,  Blond, blue-eyed British actor Daniel Craig was named the new James Bond.
    (AP, 10/14/06)
2005        Oct 14, Insurgents staged a series of attacks, killing a pro-government cleric, two police and blowing up eight fuel tankers parked outside a US-led coalition base in southern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 10/14/05)
2005        Oct 14, Bulgaria adopted a new penal procedure to remedy a judiciary system that has been criticized for failing to jail well-known criminals.
    (AP, 10/26/05)
2005        Oct 14, Lucio Gutierrez, former Ecuador president who was ousted from office, returned to Ecuador in a bid to regain power, but he was arrested moments after his plane landed.
    (AP, 10/15/05)
2005        Oct 14, Sunni insurgents launched five attacks against the largest Sunni Arab political party on the eve of Iraq's crucial referendum, bombing and burning offices and the home of one of its leaders in retaliation after the group dropped its opposition to the draft constitution.
    (AP, 10/14/05)
2005        Oct 14, Italy's culture industry pledged to shut down theaters, cinemas and cancel concerts throughout the country for the day to protest planned cuts to the art budget.
    (AP, 10/14/05)
2005        Oct 14, Italy’s Alitalia airline, 62.3% owned by the government, approved a revised corporate plan for 2005-2008.
    (Econ, 10/22/05, p.70)
2005        Oct 14, Dutch police detained seven suspects in an anti-terrorism operation in three cities, including the capital, aimed at thwarting a suspected plot to attack politicians and a government building.
    (AP, 10/14/05)
2005        Oct 14, A consortium led by South Africa’s Sheltam Trade Close won the privatization bid for the rail line linking Mombassa, Kenya, and Kampala, Uganda. Nicknamed since 1895 as the “lunatic express," it was renamed the Rift Valley Railways.
    (Econ, 10/22/05, p.68)
2005        Oct 14, In Nicaragua Sandinista leader Daniel Ortega announced that he has broken a political pact with opponents of President Enrique Bolanos, a move that could end a political crisis that threatened the country's presidency.
    (AP, 10/15/05)
2005        Oct 14, Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas arrived in Jordan for talks with King Abdullah II.
    (AP, 10/14/05)
2005        Oct 14, In Nalchik Russian security forces in an armored personnel carrier smashed through the wall of a store to rescue two hostages held by suspected Islamic militants as authorities tried to clear out the last pockets of rebel resistance after more than a day of fighting that killed 139 people including 92 militants.
    (AP, 10/14/05)(WSJ, 10/17/05, p.A1)(Econ, 7/15/06, p.25)
2005        Oct 14, Somalia's PM Ali Mohamed Gedi called on neighboring countries to send warships to patrol his nation's waters after pirates seized a 3rd cargo vessel delivering food aid.
    (AP, 10/14/05)
2005        Oct 14, At the Ibero-American Summit in Spain UN Sec.-General Kofi Annan called for greater progress in trade talks on farming.
    (AP, 10/14/05)
2005        Oct 14, A Turkish court convicted two brothers for the "honor killing" of their sister and sentenced one to life in prison and the other to more than 11 years behind bars.
    (AP, 10/14/05)
2005        Oct 14, President Viktor Yushchenko dismissed Ukraine's top prosecutor less than a week after he launched investigations against a presidential ally, deepening the confusion in the former Soviet republic.
    (AP, 10/14/05)
2005        Oct 14, A researcher said bird flu virus found in a Vietnamese girl was resistant to the main drug that's being stockpiled in case of a pandemic, a sign that it's important to keep a second drug on hand as well.
    (AP, 10/14/05)

2005        Oct 15, Thousands gathered in DC at the National Mall for the Millions More Movement to commemorate the 10th anniversary of the Million Man March organized by Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan.
    (AP, 10/15/05)
2005        Oct 15, Marcia and Ken Powers, a husband-and-wife team, reached the Pacific Ocean on after a 4,900-mile cross-country hike, becoming the first to backpack the transcontinental American Discovery Trail in one continuous trek. They had started Feb. 27 at Cape Henlopen in Delaware.
    (AP, 10/16/05)
2005        Oct 15, In Toledo, Ohio, a riot broke out when protesters confronted members of the National Socialist Movement who had gathered at a city park. More than 100 people were arrested and one officer was seriously injured.
    (AP, 10/16/05)
2005        Oct 15, In Texas the Government Canyon State Natural Area officially opened. The over 8,600 acre area was set aside to protect the Edwards Aquifer, which provided drinking water for San Antonio.
    (LP, Spring 2006, p.55)
2005        Oct 15, Pamela Vitale (52), the wife of prominent defense attorney and TV legal analyst Daniel Horowitz, was found slain in the couple's home in Lafayette, Ca. On Oct 20 police arrested Scott Dyleski (16), a neighbor scheming to grow pot, as a suspect in the murder. Dyleski was convicted of first-degree murder on Aug 28, 2006, and faced life in prison.
    (AP, 10/16/05)(SFC, 10/21/05, p.A1)(SFC, 8/29/06, p.A1)
2005        Oct 15, Jason Collier (28), Atlanta Hawks center, died, possibly of cardiac arrest.
    (AP, 10/15/05)
2005        Oct 15-2005 Oct 16, The G20 group of rich and developing nations met in Xianghe, China. They sounded the alarm over high oil prices but barely touched on the role a stronger yuan could play in easing world economic imbalances.
    (AP, 10/16/05)
2005        Oct 15, Egyptian authorities ordered the release of a leading Muslim Brotherhood figure, Essam el-Erian, and three other members of the banned Islamic group.
    (AP, 10/15/05)
2005        Oct 15, The European Commission said tests have confirmed a link between the bird flu found in Romania and the virus that has devastated flocks in Asia and turned up in Turkey.
    (AP, 10/15/05)
2005        Oct 15, In Iran 2 bombs hit a shopping center Saturday in Ahvaz, near the southwestern border with Iraq, killing two people and wounding at least 50.
    (AP, 10/15/05)
2005        Oct 15, Iraq's deeply divided Shiites, Sunnis and Kurds voted under heavy guard Saturday to decide the fate of a new constitution. A roadside bomb killed three Iraqi soldiers in northeast Iraq, and seven people were wounded during attacks by insurgents near five of Baghdad's 1,200 polling stations.
    (AP, 10/15/05)
2005        Oct 15, In Iraq 5 American soldiers were killed by a bomb blast on referendum day.
    (AP, 10/16/05)
2005        Oct 15, Israeli painter Efraim Reuytenberg (91), known for infusing Chinese influences and bold colors into his work, died in Israel.
    (AP, 10/20/05)
2005        Oct 15, A worsening food crisis threatening millions of people prompted Malawi's Pres. Bingu wa Mutharika to declare the African nation a "disaster area" and call for more international aid.
    (AP, 10/15/05)
2005        Oct 15, Moroccan authorities flew 435 illegal immigrants home to Senegal and Mali, starting a second wave of mass deportations of sub-Saharan Africans who have tried to slip into Europe through the North African kingdom.
    (AP, 10/16/05)
2005        Oct 15, Nigeria and Cameroon discussed a new program for Nigeria to withdraw from the disputed Bakassi peninsula, but failed to set a new deadline after two days of talks in Abuja.
    (AP, 10/16/05)
2005        Oct 15, The death toll in Pakistan's devastating earthquake rose to nearly 40,000, while rain, snow and frigid temperatures compounded the misery of millions of homeless victims.
    (AP, 10/15/05)
2005        Oct 15, In northeastern Spanish at least 5 north African men were killed, four were injured and one was believed still trapped under rubble after a three-storey 17th century building collapsed in the town of Piera.
    (AP, 10/15/05)
2005        Oct 15, Members of a Venezuelan indigenous tribe criticized President Hugo Chavez's order to expel a U.S. missionary group he accused of links to the CIA, saying the decision goes against the interests of their impoverished communities.
    (AP, 10/16/05)

2005        Oct 16, The Chicago White Sox beat the Los Angeles Angels 6-3 to win the American League Championship Series in five games, their first pennant since 1959.
    (AP, 10/16/06)
2005        Oct 16, In Wisconsin a bus carrying Chippewa Falls High School students home from a band competition collided with a semi truck, killing five passengers near Osseo.
    (AP, 10/16/05)
2005        Oct 16, In SF Andre Daniels (31) was robbed and his wife was raped at 73 Brookdale Ave, in the Sunnyside housing project in Visitacion Valley. Daniels identified Laron Lewis (26) as one of the assailants and a tip led police to Damien Ramond (23). On May 20, 2007, Daniels was shot and killed outside his unit at the Alice Griffith project in the Bayview district. His death doomed the sexual assault case against Lewis and Ramond.
    (SSFC, 11/23/08, p.A14)
2005        Oct 16, Elmer "Len" Dresslar Jr. (80), the booming voice of the Jolly Green Giant, died.
    (AP, 10/16/06)
2005        Oct 16, Gordon Lee (b.1933), child actor who played Porky in the “Our Gang" shorts (Little Rascals), died in Minneapolis, Min. Porky was the little brother of Spanky McFarland.
    (SFC, 10/22/05, p.B5)
2005        Oct 16, Barrington Moore (b.1913), American political sociologist, died. His work included “Social Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy: Lord and Peasant in the Making of the Modern World" (1966). This included his famous statement "No bourgeoisie, no democracy."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barrington_Moore,_Jr.)(Econ, 6/29/13, p.56)
2005        Oct 16, Afghanistan's election authority announced final results for two of the country's 34 provinces as hundreds of protestors blocked roads in two key cities alleging fraud in the count. Officials said election authorities have fired about 50 employees for suspected fraud in last month's legislative polls. About 3% of votes, have been taken out of the counting process because of suspicions that they were stuffed.
    (AP, 10/16/05)(AFP, 10/16/05)
2005        Oct 16, In Argentina a fire apparently set by rebellious inmates swept through a prison southeast of Buenos Aires, killing at least 17 inmates.
    (AP, 10/16/05)
2005        Oct 16, Britain’s Sunday Telegraph said satellite broadcaster BSkyB will muscle in on the lucrative Internet broadband market by announcing next week the takeover of Easynet, the London-listed telecoms company.
    (AP, 10/16/05)
2005        Oct 16, In China top US economic officials, led by Treasury Secretary John Snow and Federal Reserve Chairman Alan Greenspan, began talks with their Chinese counterparts on rancorous economic issues, including Beijing's currency controls and its huge and growing trade surplus. This is the 17th meeting of the U.S.-China Joint Economic Commission since the forum was founded in 1979 to thrash out economic issues.
    (AP, 10/16/05)
2005        Oct 16, Iraq's constitution seemed assured of passage despite strong opposition from Sunni Arabs, who voted in surprisingly high numbers in an effort to stop it.
    (AP, 10/16/05)
2005        Oct 16, Italy held primaries to select the center-left's candidate to challenge conservative Premier Silvio Berlusconi in next year's election. Former Italian premier Romano Prodi made a sweeping victory in a nationwide primary.
    (AP, 10/16/05)(AP, 10/17/05)
2005        Oct 16, In Italy center-left politician Francesco Fortugno was shot as he voted in a nationwide primary in the small Calabrian town of Locri. In March 2006 police arrested 5 suspects in Reggio Calabria.
    (AP, 10/22/05)(AP, 3/21/06)
2005        Oct 16, A Japanese newspaper reported that the US and Japan have reached a basic agreement on relocating two US military bases on the southern island of Okinawa, where the US presence has frequently provoked protests.
    (AP, 10/16/05)
2005        Oct 16, Palestinian gunmen killed three Israelis and wounded five in drive-by attacks near Jewish settlements.
    (AP, 10/17/05)
2005        Oct 16, Alexander Slesarev, a Russian businessman believed to be the true owner of Sodbiznesbank, was shot to death outside Moscow along with his wife and young daughter.
    (http://english.pravda.ru/topic/Kozlov-264/)(WSJ, 9/22/06, p.A6)
2005        Oct 16, Rebels and Sudanese forces clashed in North Darfur with artillery fire killing a number of civilians.
    (AP, 10/17/05)
2005        Oct 16, Polish television broadcast a recorded interview with Pope Benedict XVI, who said that he planned to visit Poland, the homeland of his predecessor, John Paul II (it's believed to be the first TV interview by a pope).
    (AP, 10/16/06)
2005        Oct 16, In Syria a pro-democracy group issued the Damascus Declaration for Democratic National Change. The group came to be called the Damascus Declaration.
    (AP, 10/29/08)(http://tinyurl.com/5jc9vh)
2005        Oct 16, In Tanzania 4 British tourists and a Canadian pilot who were killed in a weekend plane crash in the western part of the country.
    (AFP, 10/18/05)
2005        Oct 16, In southern Thailand about 20 suspected Muslim separatists stormed a monastery, hacked an elderly Buddhist monk to death and fatally shot two temple boys.
    (AP, 10/17/05)

2005        Oct 17, The American magazine Conference unveiled the top 40 magazine covers of the last 40 years. The top rating went to Rolling Stone for its 1/22/81 cover of John Lennon and Yoko Ono lying in bed.
    (www.magazine.org/Press_Room/13806.cfm)   
2005        Oct 17, The FBI reported that US murders fell to 16,137 in 2004, 391 fewer than in 2003 and that the overall violent crime rate hit a 3-year low.
    (WSJ, 10/18/05, p.A1)
2005        Oct 17, Serono Laboratories, a Swiss drug-maker, pleaded guilty to US federal conspiracy charges and agreed to pay $740 million for kickbacks to doctors for the AIDS drug Serostim and for manipulating a test for AIDS patients.
    (SFC, 10/18/05, p.E1)
2005        Oct 17, General Motors Corp. and the United Auto Workers reached a tentative agreement that will help the embattled automaker lower its health care costs even as GM reported a whopping $1.6 billion loss for the third quarter.
    (AP, 10/17/05)
2005        Oct 17, Commodities brokerage Refco Inc. said it had filed for bankruptcy protection as it struck a deal to sell its core futures brokerage business to a group of private equity investors for $768 million. BAWAG, Austria’s 4th largest bank, gave Refco a top-up loan of 350 million euros just hours before the bankruptcy. In 2007 it was revealed that Wolfgang Flottl, a hedge fund manager, had his investments sour in 1997 causing BAWAG to lose over $1 billion. The losses were hid from auditors for 7 years. Helmut Elsner, former boss of BAWAG (1995-2003), faced charges along with 8 others for the bank’s near collapse.
    (Reuters, 10/17/06)(Econ, 5/6/06, p.72)(WSJ, 1/25/06, p.A1)(Econ, 7/21/07, p.73)
2005        Oct 17, Idaho state and federal health officials are trying to get to the bottom of nine reported cases of suspected sporadic CJD in Idaho this year.
    (AP, 10/17/05)
2005        Oct 17, It was reported that the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation pledged $15 million for the Computer History Museum in Silicon Valley, the world's largest institution dedicated to preserving Information Age artifacts.
    (AP, 10/17/05)
2005        Oct 17, Two days of U.S.-Chinese trade talks ended with no response by China to an ambitious American proposal to reform its financial sector and open its markets wider to foreign products, while also moving faster on currency reforms.
    (AP, 10/17/05)
2005        Oct 17,     Dr. Marvin Chodorow (b.1913), former professor of physics at Stanford Univ., died. He expanded on the 1937 invention of the klystron tube, an early form of the driver for microwave power, and increased its power from a few hundred watts to millions of watts.
    (www.stanford.edu/dept/news/pr/2005/pr-chodorow-102605.html)
2005        Oct 17, In southern Afghanistan US-led coalition forces killed four police officers after mistaking them for militants during an operation in the Maywand district of Kandahar province. Elsewhere militants shot dead a police intelligence officer as he was walking in Zabul province.
    (AP, 10/18/05)
2005        Oct 17, An Azerbaijani opposition leader was arrested in Ukraine and scores of his supporters were detained by police. Tensions rose in Azerbaijan in the run-up to next month's parliamentary election.
    (AP, 10/17/05)
2005        Oct 17, Radovan Karadzic, former Bosnian-Serb leader and war-crimes fugitive, released a 6th collection of poems titled “Under the left Breast of the Century."
    (SFC, 10/19/05, p.A2)
2005        Oct 17, The British government announced that smoking will be banned at all workplaces as well as pubs and restaurants in Northern Ireland from April 2007.
    (AP, 10/17/05)
2005        Oct 17, China’s Shenzhou 6 capsule carrying astronauts Fei Junlong and Nie Haisheng landed before dawn by parachute in China's northern grasslands after a five-day mission.
    (AP, 10/17/05)
2005        Oct 17, Ba Jin (100), one of China's most revered communist-era writers who attacked the evils of the pre-revolutionary era in novels, short stories and essays, died of cancer in Shanghai. He is best known for his 1931 novel "Family," the story of a disintegrating feudal household. Ba Jin also translated the Russian writers Ivan Turgenev and Pyotr Kropotkin.
    (AP, 10/17/05)
2005        Oct 17, The EU urged Croatia and Greece to expedite tests on dead birds as concerns rose over the westward spread of avian flu.
    (WSJ, 10/18/05, p.A1)
2005        Oct 17, The European Union unblocked $87 million in development aid for Haiti, ending a freeze imposed almost five years ago because of allegedly flawed elections in the Western Hemisphere's poorest nation.
    (AP, 10/17/05)
2005        Oct 17, Deutsche Bank AG and private bank Sal. Oppenheim said they would acquire a combined 14% stake in China's Hua Xia Bank in a deal worth 272 million euros ($326.4 million).
    (AP, 10/17/05)
2005        Oct 17, Iraq's former Prime Minister Ayad Allawi and other secular leaders announced a new coalition they said unites moderate Sunnis, Shiites and other political groups to run in December's parliamentary elections.
    (AP, 10/17/05)
2005        Oct 17, In western Iraq 2 US Marines were killed in fighting near the Jordanian border. Insurgents shot and killed Ayed Abdul Ghani, an adviser to one of Iraq's top Sunni Arab officials, as he drove to work in Baghdad.
    (AP, 10/18/05)
2005        Oct 17, US warplanes and helicopters bombed two western villages, killing an estimated 70 militants near a site where five American soldiers died in a weekend roadside blast, the military. Residents said at least 39 of the dead were civilians.
    (AP, 10/17/05)
2005        Oct 17, Israel suspended negotiations with the Palestinian Authority on issues such as prisoner releases and slapped tough travel restrictions on the West Bank after Palestinian gunmen killed three Israelis and wounded five a day earlier.
    (AP, 10/17/05)
2005        Oct 17,     Japanese PM Junichiro Koizumi enraged China and South Korea by visiting Tokyo's Yasukuni war shrine.
    (AP, 10/17/06)
2005        Oct 17, Libyan Foreign Minister Abdel Rahman Shalgam rejected a call by US President George W. Bush for Tripoli to spare the lives of five Bulgarian nurses sentenced to death for infecting hundreds of Libyan children with the AIDS virus.
    (AP, 10/17/05)
2005        Oct 17, Dutch police arrested 45 members of the Hell's Angels motorcycle gang and seized an assortment of weapons during nationwide raids on the group's clubhouses. Prosecutors said those arrested face charges of murder, extortion, intimidation and weapons and drug trafficking.
    (AP, 10/17/05)
2005        Oct 17, Russian state security agents arrested a senior tax official as he was handed a $1 million bribe in a plush Moscow hotel. The arrest was announced the next day as corruption watchdog Transparency International published its annual survey showing graft in Russia had worsened to put it on the same level as Sierra Leone, Niger and Albania.
    (AP, 10/18/05)(Econ, 10/22/05, p.53)
2005        Oct 17, Abdi Hassan Awale, who once served as Somalia's interior minister, was arrested on suspicion of war crimes while attending a conference in Sweden. He is suspected of being a militia leader during the Oct 3, 1993, "Black Hawk Down" battle that left 18 Americans dead.
    (AP, 10/17/05)
2005        Oct 17, South Africa's government vowed to press ahead with legislative attempts to take greater control of the nation's diamonds and weaken the grip of diamond-producer De Beers, dismissing arguments that this could disrupt global markets and lead to job losses.
    (AP, 10/17/05)

2005        Oct 18, US inflation at the wholesale level last month soared by the largest amount in more than 15 years, reflecting the surge in energy prices that occurred following the Gulf Coast hurricanes.
    (AP, 10/18/05)
2005        Oct 18, The DJIA fell 62.84 points to 10285.26 following the sale of a 24.5 million block of Exxon shares.
    (WSJ, 10/19/05, p.C1)
2005        Oct 18, A US District Court in SF sentenced Victor Conte (55), founder of Burlingame’s BALCO lab, to 4 months in federal prison and 4 months of house arrest for conspiracy to distribute undetectable steroids to top athletes.
    (SFC, 10/19/05, p.A1)
2005        Oct 18, Scientists announced that tracks of a previously unknown swimming dinosaur have been found along the shores of an ancient sea in Wyoming.
    (www.livescience.com/animalworld/051017_swimming_dino.html)
2005        Oct 18, Tropical Storm Wilma strengthened into a hurricane as it continued on a path toward Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula, then south Florida.
    (AP, 10/18/06)
2005        Oct 18, Bill King (78), Bay Area sportscaster, died in San Leandro, Ca.
    (SFC, 10/19/05, p.A1)
2005        Oct 18, A former regional governor who oversaw the destruction of two massive 1,500-year-old Buddha statues during the Taliban's reign was elected to the Afghan parliament last month, officials said as results from two provinces were finalized.
    (AP, 10/18/05)
2005        Oct 18, Transparency International ranked Bangladesh and Chad as the most corrupt on an annual list of corruption levels in 159 nations. At the other end of the scale, Iceland was ranked least corrupt. Turkmenistan, Myanmar, Haiti, Nigeria, Equatorial Guinea, the Ivory Coast and Angola joined Chad and Bangladesh as the most corrupt countries.
    (AP, 10/18/05)
2005        Oct 18, Brazil's government pledged $14 million for relief efforts in the Amazon River basin, an area ravaged by the worst drought in decades.
    (AP, 10/18/05)
2005        Oct 18, An environmental watchdog alleged that Chinese logging companies in Myanmar have illegally exported huge amounts of timber in collusion with the military government and ethnic guerrillas, destroying ecologically unique forest areas.
    (AP, 10/18/05)
2005        Oct 18, World Bank President Paul Wolfowitz prodded China to give more power to the people for the sake of sustaining strong economic growth.
    (AP, 10/18/05)
2005        Oct 18, In northeastern India machete-wielding attackers ambushed a bus and tribal militants set fire to two villages of a rival group, killing 37 people.
    (AP, 10/18/05)
2005        Oct 18, Suspected Islamic militants killed the education minister of Indian-controlled Kashmir during a brazen raid days after top insurgents ordered a suspension of attacks in the aftermath of South Asia's devastating earthquake.
    (AP, 10/18/05)
2005        Oct 18, A roadside bomb hit a US Army patrol south of Baghdad, killing one soldier and wounding two others. A US soldier died from a non-hostile gunshot wound at a forward operating base near Mosul.
    (AP, 10/19/05)(AP, 10/20/05)
2005        Oct 18, A British soldier was killed by a roadside bomb in southern Iraq.
    (AFP, 10/19/05)
2005        Oct 18, In Rome, Italy, a teenager (15) who appeared on the roof of his family home with a pistol following the shooting deaths of his parents was taken into custody after an officer coaxed him down by telling him the couple was only wounded.
    (AP, 10/18/05)
2005        Oct 18, It was reported that a leading pro-opposition news website in Kazakhstan has been closed by court order and others have experienced technical problems in the run-up to a presidential election in the Central Asian state.
    (Reuters, 10/18/05)
2005        Oct 18, Gen’l. Musharraf announced that Pakistan was ready to allow Kashmiris to cross the “line of control," dividing Indian and Pakistani controlled areas, to help their families.
    (Econ, 10/22/05, p.45)
2005        Oct 18, A shadowy Palestinian militant group said it has abducted two alleged collaborators with Israel and threatened to carry out additional kidnappings.
    (AP, 10/18/05)
2005        Oct 18, In Nalchik, Russia, a suspect in last week's attacks here by alleged Islamic extremists was reported killed in a clash with police.
    (AP, 10/18/05)
2005        Oct 18, Alexander Yakovlev (81), a key architect of former President Mikhail Gorbachev's political reforms of perestroika and glasnost that shook the last years of the Soviet Union, died.
    (AP, 10/18/05)
2005        Oct 18, Thailand's Cabinet announced it was extending a state of emergency in three southern provinces to cope with an escalating Muslim insurgency.
    (AP, 10/18/05)
2005        Oct 18, In Tunisia 8 prominent opponents of the government went on a hunger strike ahead of a world summit on information in Tunis. They called for freedom of the press and of association and want Tunisia’s 600-odd political prisoners to be freed.
    (Econ, 11/12/05, p.50)
2005        Oct 18, A new UN study said armed conflicts have declined by 40 percent since the end of the Cold War primarily because the United Nations was finally able to launch peacekeeping and conflict-prevention operations around the world.
    (AP, 10/18/05)

2005        Oct 19, The Houston Astros defeated the St. Louis Cardinals for the National League title. They will face the Chicago White Sox in the World Series.
    (WSJ, 10/20/05, p.A1)
2005        Oct 19, US envoy Bill Richardson toured a North Korean nuclear facility and held a second day of talks with government officials as part of his efforts to encourage Pyongyang to dismantle its atomic weapons program.
    (AP, 10/19/05)
2005        Oct 19, Environmentalists sued the US Navy alleging that a widely used from of sonar for detecting enemy submarines disturbs and sometimes kills whales and dolphins.
    (SFC, 10/20/05, p.A6)
2005        Oct 19, Cisco Systems Inc. said it will spend $1.1 billion in India over the next three years in the company's largest investment outside the United States.
    (AP, 10/19/05)
2005        Oct 19, Dell, the world's largest personal computer producer, announced it was setting up a major customer call center in the Philippines.
    (AFP, 10/19/05)
2005        Oct 19, Lashaun Harris (23) threw her 3 children into San Francisco Bay near Fishermen's Wharf. The body of a third sibling was recovered. Harris had been staying with her children at a Salvation Army shelter in Oakland. She told authorities that voices had told her to throw her children into the water.
    (AP, 10/20/05)
2005        Oct 19, Police in Bosnia arrested a cyber-jihadist who called himself Maximus. Mirsad Bektasevic, a Swedish teenager of Bosnian extraction, was sentenced to jail along with 3 others for plotting attacks to take place in Bosnia or other European countries. On his computer police found contacts with other jihadists in Europe including Younis Tsouli (Irhabi007), whom British police arrested 2 days later.
    (Econ, 7/14/07, p.28)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Irhabi_007)
2005        Oct 19, Canadian police arrested a Rwandan man who is living in Toronto, charging him with crimes against humanity during the 1994 genocide in Rwanda.
    (Reuters, 10/19/05)
2005        Oct 19, Chile's Supreme Court stripped former dictator Gen. Augusto Pinochet of immunity from prosecution for corruption charges related to his multimillion dollar bank accounts overseas.
    (AP, 10/19/05)
2005        Oct 19, China’s government said some 2,600 birds have been found dead of bird flu in northern China's grasslands, amid reports of new outbreaks in Europe and Russia.
    (AP, 10/19/05)
2005        Oct 19, In China Tan Kai was taken into custody in the eastern city of Hangzhou. He was detained after he opened a bank account as part of efforts to register an environmental group, "Green Watch." He went on trial in May, 2006, on alleged charges of stealing state secrets, which stemmed from repairs he did on a computer belonging to a member of the provincial Communist Party committee.
    (AP, 5/15/06)
2005        Oct 19, Colombia's highest court approved a law allowing presidents to run for second terms.
    (AP, 10/19/05)
2005        Oct 19, The International Organization for Migration (IMO) said "Ethiopian women and girls who migrate to Lebanon, Egypt, Yemen and Saudi Arabia suffer from maltreatment, physical, sexual and emotional abuses," in a report based on interviews with 443 women returning from the region.
    (AP, 10/20/05)
2005        Oct 19, Hurricane Wilma swirled into the most intense Atlantic storm ever recorded, a Category 5 monster whose 175 mph winds and heavy rains were blamed for killing at least 11 people in Haiti and one in Jamaica as it bore down on Central America.
    (AP, 10/19/05)
2005        Oct 19, A defiant Saddam Hussein pleaded innocent to charges of murder and torture as his long-awaited trial began with the one-time dictator arguing about the legitimacy of the court and scuffling with guards.
    (AP, 10/19/05)
2005        Oct 19, Iraq’s trial of Saddam Hussein on war crimes charges was adjourned to Nov 28 shortly after it began.
    (AP, 10/19/05)
2005        Oct 19, Iraqi police arrested Saddam Hussein's nephew in Baghdad, charging that he served as the top financier of Iraq's rampant insurgency. 3 US soldiers were killed by a roadside bomb.
    (AP, 10/20/05)
2005        Oct 19, Sunni-led insurgents killed 26 people in Iraq, including six Shiites who were lined up at a factory and gunned down in front of their fellow workers.
    (AP, 10/19/05)(SFC, 10/20/05, p.A15)
2005        Oct 19, Rory Carroll, 33, an Irish citizen who is the London Guardian's Baghdad correspondent, was kidnapped while on assignment. Carroll was released the next day.
    (AP, 10/19/05)(AP, 10/20/05)
2005        Oct 19-2005 Oct 20, Police arrested total of 58 people for drug trafficking in Italy, Spain, France, Belgium, the Netherlands and Serbia-Montenegro. The arrests were a response to the Oct 16 murder of Italian politician Francesco Fortugno.
    (AP, 10/21/05)
2005        Oct 19, Two strong aftershocks from the Oct 8 deadly earthquake shook South Asia, unleashing landslides and setting off another wave of panic among survivors of the disaster. A new tally from officials in India and Pakistan pushed the death toll to 79,000.
    (AP, 10/19/05)
2005        Oct 19, Libya sent to prison for 18 months a blogger who criticized the government on the Internet. A Tripoli court convicted Abdel Raziq al-Mansuri of illegal possession of a handgun and sentenced him to 18 months' imprisonment. A rights group said that after detaining al-Mansuri, Libyan security officials searched his home and "found an old pistol that belonged to his father."
    (AP, 11/4/05)
2005        Oct 19, Polish President Aleksander Kwasniewski nominated conservative Kazimierz Marcinkiewicz as PM following the first meeting of the newly elected parliament.
    (AP, 10/19/05)
2005        Oct 19, Russia's Agriculture Ministry confirmed that the Asian H5N1 strain had been detected in the village of Yandovka, suggesting the dreaded virus might be spreading across a swath from Siberia to the shores of the Mediterranean.
    (AP, 10/20/05)
2005        Oct 19, A court officials said a Spanish judge has issued an international arrest warrant for three U.S. soldiers whose tank fired on a Baghdad hotel during the Iraq war, killing a Spanish journalist and one other. Jose Couso, who worked for the Spanish television network Telecinco, died April 8, 2003, after a U.S. army tank crew fired a shell on Hotel Palestine.
    (AP, 10/19/05)
2005        Oct 19, The UN said fighting and insecurity throughout Darfur is hindering food and relief aid to tens of thousands of people and forcing more displaced Sudanese into already crammed refugee camps.
    (AP, 10/19/05)
2005        Oct 19, Zimbabwean Archbishop Pius Ncube said he feared 200,000 of his countrymen could die by early next year because of food shortages he blamed on his government, and called for President Robert Mugabe's ouster.
    (AP, 10/19/05)

2005        Oct 20, President Bush met with Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas in the Oval Office and said prospects for Palestinians gaining a state seem to be better than ever before.
    (AP, 10/20/05)
2005        Oct 20, US Congress approved legislation protecting firearms manufacturers and dealers from a broad swath of civil liability lawsuits. Pres. Bush pledged to sign it.
    (SFC, 10/21/05, p.A1)
2005        Oct 20, Sen. Ted Stevens, R-Alaska, vowed to resign from the Senate if his fellow lawmakers followed through on threats to cancel spending on a $230 million "bridge to nowhere" in Alaska that was stuck into a pork-filled highway bill earlier this year.
    (KRN, 10/20/05)
2005        Oct 20, US Rep. Tom DeLay turned himself in at the sheriff's office in Travis County, Texas, where he was fingerprinted, photographed and released on $10,000 bail on conspiracy and money-laundering charges.
    (AP, 10/20/06)
2005        Oct 20, Federal regulators approved what would be the first transplant of fetal stem cells into human brains, a procedure that if successful could open the door to treating a host of neural disorders. The FDA said that doctors at Stanford University Medical Center can begin the testing on six children afflicted with Batten disease.
    (AP, 10/20/05)
2005        Oct 20, Shirley Horn (71), jazz singer and pianist, died in Washington DC.
    (SFC, 10/22/05, p.B5)
2005        Oct 20, In southern Afghanistan a car bomb exploded near a mosque killing Nafus Khan, the deputy police chief of Nimroz province, and one of his bodyguards.
    (AP, 10/21/05)
2005        Oct 20, A French couple who poisoned their five children and then tried to commit suicide in a desperate bid to escape towering debt was sentenced to prison terms by a court outside Paris.
    (AP, 10/20/05)
2005        Oct 20, Iranian state-run television said that the country's Supreme Cultural Revolutionary Council, headed by President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, issued the ban on foreign films that promote what were termed "arrogant powers", a propaganda term the Iranians use to refer to the United States.
    (http://tinyurl.com/87t7u)(AP, 10/27/05)
2005        Oct 20, An Iraqi Airways plane landed in Cairo, making the first regular flight between Iraq and Egypt in 15 years.
    (AP, 10/20/05)
2005        Oct 20, In northern Iraq insurgents using explosives set fire to the main oil pipeline. Militants riding in a car opened fire on civilians outside a food shop in the southern Dora area of Baghdad, killing two. The militants then stopped, rushed into the store and gunned down a third Iraqi. A rocket hit a public school for students aged 12 to 15 in the western al-Mansour neighborhood of the capital, killing one child and wounding five. A nearby shopkeeper also was killed. A suicide car bomb exploded in front of a provincial government building in the city of Baqouba, 35 miles northeast of Baghdad. Three people were killed and 14 wounded.
    (AP, 10/20/05)
2005        Oct 20, Saadoun Sughaiyer al-Janabi, a defense lawyer in Saddam Hussein's mass murder trial, was found dead soon after being kidnapped. His body was dumped near a Baghdad mosque with two gunshots to the head. 4 US service members were killed in two attacks. An American soldier was killed in the northwestern town of Hit by "indirect fire," a term that usually means a mortar or rocket attack.
    (AP, 10/21/05)
2005        Oct 20, Inmates at a prison hospital in Kyrgyzstan killed a parliamentarian and two other people after taking him and his entourage hostage.
    (AP, 10/20/05)
2005        Oct 20, It was reported that Lebanon's state-run telephone system has billed the government for more than $11 million in unpaid telephone charges run up by Syrian troops before they left the country earlier this year after a nearly three-decade occupation. Information Minister Ghazi Aridi said Lebanon’ government would pay the bill.
    (AP, 10/20/05)
2005        Oct 20, The roof of a hospital in central Nepal collapsed, killing at least 10 people and injuring nine others.
    (AP, 10/20/05)
2005        Oct 20, The Paris Club announced and agreement to cancel 60% (about $18 billion) of Nigeria's foreign debt. This fueled optimism among anti-poverty campaigners, but corruption and requirements imposed by the West overshadowed the future. Nigeria, Africa's most populous nation, was rated the sixth most corrupt nation in the world in a survey released earlier this week by Berlin-based Transparency International.
    (AP, 10/21/05)
2005        Oct 20, Sudan's government and rebels ended a sixth round of talks on the crisis in the country's western Darfur region, announcing no agreements but pledging to reconvene in a month to push forward the slow-moving peace process.
    (AP, 10/20/05)
2005        Oct 20, A UN report implicated the brother-in-law of Syria's president in the Feb 14 assassination of former Lebanese PM Rafik Hariri, and Lebanese intelligence officials helped organize it. The UN inquiry officially linked Damascus to the slaying for the first time. Syria rejected the report. The names of top Syrians were edited out in the final version of the report.
    (AP, 10/21/05)
2005        Oct 20, In Taiwan, the Agricultural Council confirmed the island's first case of bird flu. Birds taken from a Panama-registered freighter that was stopped by the Taiwanese coast guard on Oct. 14 tested positive for the H5N1 virus.
    (AP, 10/20/05)
2005        Oct 20, Thailand PM Thaksin Shinawatra said new lab results confirmed the country's 13th death from bird flu.
    (AP, 10/20/05)
2005        Oct 20, UNESCO's member nations voted overwhelmingly to approve a pact on protecting cultural diversity after a bitter debate left the United States isolated in opposition to what it sees as a threat to sales of American movies and music.
    (AP, 10/20/05)

2005        Oct 21, US and Colombian authorities shut down a drug trafficking and money laundering operation that exported about $1 million worth of cocaine every week to the United States, Europe and Asia.
    (AP, 10/22/05)
2005        Oct 21, Oscar Wyatt (81), former chairman of Coastal Corp., was arrested at his home in Houston for paying millions in kickbacks to the government of Saddam Hussein in exchange for rights to buy discounted Iraqi oil under the UN’s oil-for-food program. 2 Swiss associates were also indicted. In 2007 Wyatt was sentenced to over a year in jail after admitting that he agreed to a surcharge of about $200,000 to be paid to bank account in Jordan controlled by officials of Iraq’s State Oil Marketing Organization in Dec 2001.
    (SFC, 10/22/05, p.A3)(WSJ, 11/28/07, p.B10)
2005        Oct 21, The Kansas Supreme Court unanimously struck down a state law that punished underage sex more severely if it involved homosexual acts.
    (AP, 10/22/06)
2005        Oct 21, A Taliban ambush touched off fierce fighting in southern Afghan mountains that left eight police and four rebels dead. A cultural reporter 922) with a local radio station, was killed in a bomb blast in the eastern province of Khost.
    (AP, 10/22/05)(AFP, 10/22/05)
2005        Oct 21, Authorities in Azerbaijan said a 2nd former government minister was arrested on charges of involvement in a coup plot against President Ilham Aliev, deepening political tensions ahead of next month's key parliamentary elections.
    (AP, 10/21/05)
2005        Oct 21, Britain and Croatia confirmed cases of bird flu as countries around the world scrambled to put in place measures to prevent the spread of the virus. British officials said a parrot that had been imported from South America died of bird flu in quarantine.
    (AP, 10/22/05)
2005        Oct 21, In Alexandria, Egypt, thousands of Muslims rioted outside a Coptic Christian church to denounce a play deemed offensive to Islam, prompting police to beat protesters and fire tear gas into the crowd. 3 people died and more than 90 were injured. The play, "I Was Blind But Now I Can See," tells the story of a young Christian who converts to Islam and becomes disillusioned. The riot was sparked by the distribution of a DVD of a play that was performed at the church two years ago.
    (Reuters, 10/21/05)
2005        Oct 21, The European Commission agreed to open talks with Bosnia on a cooperation agreement that could lead to full EU membership for the Balkan nation.
    (AP, 10/21/05)
2005        Oct 21, Hungary’s health minister told a local news agency that the country has developed a bird-flu vaccine from humans.
    (WSJ, 10/22/05, p.A1)
2005        Oct 21, Indonesian police said they had arrested four people allegedly involved in smuggling hundreds of pounds of explosive materials from Malaysia into Indonesia.
    (AP, 10/21/05)
2005        Oct 21, Iran's supreme leader, long a critic of the United States, praised the U.S.-backed constitutional referendum in Iraq as "blessed" and urged Iraqis to participate December's parliamentary elections.
    (AP, 10/21/05)
2005        Oct 21, Hurricane Wilma slammed into the island of Cozumel, starting a long, grinding march across Mexico's resort-studded coastline. Wilma flooded streets, knocked out power and stranded thousands of tourists in sweltering shelters. Hurricane Wilma tore into Mexico’s Yucatan peninsula, after killing 13 people in Haiti and Jamaica.
    (AP, 10/21/05)(AP, 10/22/06)
2005        Oct 21, Lawmakers of Serbia and Montenegro elected Zoran Stankovic (51),  a reported ally of notorious war crimes fugitive Ratko Mladic, as the new defense minister.
    (AP, 10/21/05)

2005        Oct 22, Chicago beat the Houston Astros 5-3 in Game 1 of baseball’s best-of-seven World Series.
    (Reuters, 10/23/05)
2005        Oct 22, Donald Rumsfeld, US Defense Sec., wrapped up a 3-nation Asian tour with a stop in Mongolia. Pres. Bush was scheduled to stop in Ulan Bator in November.
    (WSJ, 10/24/05, p.A13)
2005        Oct 22, Scott McAlpin (24) of El Sobrante murdered his SF girlfriend Anastasia Melnitchenko (22). McAlpin was arrested the next day by US Park police at the Marin Headlands north of San Francisco. The body of Melnitchenko, was found in the trunk of his car. McAlpin had 8 previous felony convictions for domestic violence. In 2008 McAlpin was convicted of first degree murder.
    (SFC, 10/26/05, p.B1)(SFC, 12/5/08, p.B2)
2005        Oct 22, Armand Pierre Fernandez (76), the French-born sculptor known as Arman who was a leading figure of the New Realism movement, died in NYC.
    (AP, 10/23/05)
2005        Oct 22, In Afghanistan Ali Mohaqiq Nasab was convicted after his magazine Haqooq-i-Zan, or Women's Rights, published a series of articles about Islam. One challenged a belief that Muslims who convert to other religions should be stoned to death, as sanctioned by some interpretations of Islamic Shariah law, while another criticized the practice of punishing adultery with 100 lashes. On Oct 24 the UN criticized his two-year jail sentence.
    (AP, 10/24/05)
2005        Oct 22, In Britain one man was stabbed to death and several other people hurt in Birmingham when riots erupted over allegations a black girl was raped, though police said there is nothing to substantiate the claim. Members of the ethnic Afro-Caribbean and Pakistani communities clashed violently with each other after a week of tension over rumors that a 14-year-old Jamaican girl was raped at a South Asian-run shop.
    (AFP, 10/23/05)(AFP, 10/29/05)
2005        Oct 22, China’s legislature agreed to cut income taxes on the country’s poorest workers. The cutoff point to pay taxes was raised from 800 yuan to 1600 yuan ($198) per month.
    (WSJ, 10/24/05, p.A13)
2005        Oct 22, A bird flu outbreak killed 545 chickens and ducks in central China and prompted authorities to destroy 2,487 others.
    (AP, 10/25/05)
2005        Oct 22, A record 22nd tropical storm of the season formed about 125 miles off the Dominican Republic; because the annual list of storm names had already been exhausted, forecasters called the new system Tropical Storm Alpha.
    (AP, 10/22/06)
2005        Oct 22, At least 20 Guatemalan inmates considered to be extremely dangerous escaped from a high-security prison through a tunnel 50 miles south of Guatemala City.
    (AP, 10/23/05)
2005        Oct 22, In Haiti Muhammed Khalaf (32), a UN peacekeeper from the Jordanian army.  was shot while on patrol near the volatile Cite Soleil slum of Port-au-Prince. He died 2 days later.
    (AP, 10/24/05)
2005        Oct 22, US soldiers and warplanes killed 20 insurgents and destroyed five "safe houses" during an operation against militants who shelter foreign fighters for al-Qaida in Iraq near the Syrian border.
    (AP, 10/22/05)
2005        Oct 22, Hurricane Wilma crawled over Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula, keeping some 30,000 tourists huddled in hotels and shelters amid shrieking winds and shattering glass.
    (AP, 10/22/05)
2005        Oct 22, In Nigeria a passenger jet crashed shortly after takeoff from Lagos, killing all 117 on board.
    (AP, 10/25/05)
2005        Oct 22, In Spain the Basque country's ruling party called for new initiatives to end violence by ETA guerrillas in Spain and break a political deadlock over the region's status.
    (AP, 10/22/05)
2005        Oct 22, Bishops from around the world approved a set of 50 recommendations for Pope Benedict XVI on running the Roman Catholic Church that reaffirm church teaching on such issues as celibacy for priests.
    (AP, 10/22/05)

2005        Oct 23, The Chicago White Sox took a 2-0 lead in the World Series as they beat the Houston Astros 7-6.
    (AP, 10/23/06)
2005        Oct 23, In SF the 2nd Annual Nike Women’s Marathon over 15,000 runners raised $14 million to benefit the Leukemia and Lymphoma Society.
    (SFC, 10/24/05, p.B3)
2005        Oct 23, An earthquake destroyed homes and killed five people near Afghanistan's eastern border with Pakistan.
    (AP, 10/23/05)
2005        Oct 23, Argentina's ruling party dominated midterm elections seen as a test of President Nestor Kirchner's two-year-old government, with his Peronist party picking up support in Congress and his wife winning a Senate seat. Christina Fernandez de Kirchner won 46% to 20% over Hilda Gonzalez de Duhalde to represent the province of Buenos Aires.
    (AP, 10/24/05)(Econ, 10/29/05, p.37)
2005        Oct 23, Brazilians struck down a proposal to ban the sale of guns in a national referendum, rejecting a bid to stem one of the world's highest firearm murder rates.. Gun violence took the lives of about 39,000 people in Brazil each year, more than any country in the world.
    (AP, 10/25/05)
2005        Oct 23, In southern China an explosion at a coal mine killed 15 miners and injured 3.
    (AP, 10/24/05)
2005        Oct 23, In Colombia suspected rebels launched homemade bombs at a police station and nearby homes in a southwest town near the border with Ecuador, killing 7 people.
    (AP, 10/24/05)
2005        Oct 23, A suicide bombing in a Baghdad square killed 4 people. Another suicide car bomber killed 2 civilians in Kirkuk. In Tikrit a bomb killed a police colonel and his 2 sons. 2 girls (7 and 9) in a nearby car were also killed in the explosion. Drive-by shootings around Baquba killed 5 people. Gunmen killed 3 Iraqis driving a water truck to an army base near Taji. Insurgents killed the head of a Shiite anti-Saddam Hussein group and his driver outside Amara.
    (SFC, 10/24/05, p.A3)
2005        Oct 23, Militant Palestinians fought members of a Lebanese leftist party in a gun battle that left one man dead and three wounded outside a refugee camp.
    (AP, 10/23/05)
2005        Oct 23, Mexico's ruling party chose Felipe Calderon, the nation's former energy secretary, as its candidate for presidential elections next July.
    (AP, 10/23/05)
2005        Oct 23, Hurricane Wilma drifted northward away from Mexico’s Yucatan peninsula where the storm left 8 people dead. In 2006 insurers put the damage from Wilma at $3 billion, the largest insured losses in Mexican history.
    (AP, 10/23/05)(Econ, 10/29/05, p.38)(AP, 10/19/06)
2005        Oct 23, Stella Obasanjo (59), the wife of Nigerian President Olusegun Obasanjo, died after undergoing liposuction surgery in Spain. In 2009 A court in Malaga convicted plastic surgeon Antonio Mena Molina of negligent homicide. He was given a suspended sentence of a year in jail, barred from practicing medicine for three years, and ordered to pay euro120,000 ($175,000) in damages to the woman's son.
    (AP, 10/23/05)(AP, 9/22/09)
2005        Oct 23, Poles voted for a new president in an election that opinion polls showed to be a close-fought battle between Donald Tusk and his vision of a liberal, free-market Poland, and Lech Kaczynski who favors state intervention and Catholic conservatism. Warsaw's conservative Mayor Lech Kaczynski won Poland's presidential runoff vote 54%-46%.
    (AP, 10/23/05)(Econ, 10/29/05, p.52)
2005        Oct 23, Taiwan said it is ready to produce its own Tamiflu, the antiviral avian flu drug, and will not let patent talks with Swiss drug maker Roche AG stand in the way.
    (http://tinyurl.com/9r8g5)
2005        Oct 23, Pope Benedict XVI named five new saints at the close of a 3-week Synod of Bishops. They included: Rev. Alberto Hurtado Cruchaga, a Chilean Jesuit who was known for his work with the poor as well as the young; from Ukraine Josef Bilczewski, archbishop of Lviv, who was greatly admired by Catholics, Orthodox Christians and Jews alike during World War and the Rev. Zygmunt Gorazdowski, who founded the Congregation for the Sisters of St. Joseph to care for the sick and poor; and Italians Felice da Nicosia, a lay Capuchin who lived in the 1700s, and the Rev. Gaetano Cantanoso, who founded the Veronican Sisters of the Holy Face in 1934.
    (AP, 10/23/05)

2005        Oct 24, Pres. Bush nominated Ben Bernanke to replace Alan Greenspan as Federal Reserve Board chairman. The DJIA move up almost 170 points.
    (SFC, 10/25/05, p.D1)
2005        Oct 24, An ACLU analysis of US Defense Dept. data said at least 21 prisoners under US custody in Afghanistan and Iraq died during or after interrogations.
    (SFC, 10/25/05, p.A3)
2005        Oct 24, Hurricane Wilma left at least 6 dead in Florida and damages estimated to be as much as $6-10 billion, making it the 3rd costliest in US history (behind Andrew and Katrina). Some 27,700 dwellings were destroyed or rendered temporarily unlivable.
    (WSJ, 10/24/05, p.A1)(WSJ, 11/15/05, p.B1)
2005        Oct 24, Rosa Parks (92), who galvanized the civil rights movement in 1955 when she was jailed for refusing to give up her bus seat in Montgomery, Ala.,  died at her home in Detroit. Her arrest triggered a 381-day boycott of the bus system organized by a then little-known Baptist minister, the Rev. King, who later earned the Nobel Peace Prize for his work.
    (AP, 10/25/05)(Econ, 10/29/05, p.90)
2005        Oct 24, Edward Roybal (b.1916), former US Representative from Los Angeles (1962-1992), died in Pasadena. He was the 1st Hispanic to serve in Congress since 1879.
    (SFC, 10/27/05, p.B9)
2005        Oct 24, In Afghanistan rebels fired rockets at a US-led coalition convoy 10 miles south of Kabul. The rockets missed their target and instead hit 3 civilian cars, killing six Afghans.
    (AP, 10/25/05)
2005        Oct 24, Abigail Brinkman (28), of Columbus, Ind., died and three companions spent three days floating in the stormy Caribbean off Belize after their weekend diving trip went awry.
    (AP, 10/26/05)
2005        Oct 24, Zhang Lijun, vice minister of China’s State Environmental Protection Administration (SEPA) said China cannot withstand pollution levels expected to quadruple over the next 15 years under current trends in energy and automobile use.
    (WSJ, 10/25/05, p.A18)
2005        Oct 24, Alpha, the Atlantic season's record-breaking 22nd named storm, left at least 10 people dead in Haiti and the Dominican Republic before moving north into the Atlantic Ocean.
    (AP, 10/24/05)
2005        Oct 24, An official said more than a dozen climbers from France and Nepal were swept away in an avalanche on a Himalayan mountain and believed killed. The mountaineers were reported missing last week after heavy snowfall hit the Himalayas.
    (AP, 10/24/05)
2005        Oct 24, Germany’s two main political parties said the country faced a $42 billion budget shortfall, signaling tough spending cuts or tax hikes under a planned coalition even as its economy struggles.
    (AP, 10/24/05)
2005        Oct 24, Jose Azcona Hoyo (78), the former president of Honduras (1986-1990), died of a heart attack. He oversaw the start of the dismantling of bases for U.S.-backed Nicaraguan rebels in his country.
    (AP, 10/25/05)
2005        Oct 24, Triple suicide bombings at the Palestine and Sheraton hotels in Baghdad killed as many as 17 people. The next day Al-Qaida in Iraq claimed responsibility. A US soldier shot and killed one of three suicide bombers who attacked the Palestine Hotel complex before he could reach his intended target and that probably saved lives in the building.
    (AP, 10/25/05)(AP, 10/29/05)
2005        Oct 24, Hundreds of demonstrators rallied in front of the Kyrgyz parliament for a third day to demand that the PM resign over the slaying of a lawmaker during a prison uprising.
    (AP, 10/24/05)
2005        Oct 24, Luis Velasquez (51), A Roman Catholic parish priest was found shot to death in his car with his hands cuffed in the rough border city of Tijuana, in what police said appeared to be an organized-crime killing.
    (AP, 10/24/05)
2005        Oct 24, NATO pledged to help Ukraine push through military reforms seen as essential to prepare the country for membership in the Western alliance, a prospect viewed with concern in Russia.
    (AP, 10/24/05)
2005        Oct 24, Sri Lanka's president and her main political rival agreed for the first time to forge a bipartisan approach to the island's peace process aimed at ending decades of ethnic bloodshed.
    (AP, 10/25/05)
2005        Oct 24, Ukraine auctioned a 93% stake in Kryvorizhstal, its largest steel mill, to Mittal Steel, the world’s biggest steelmaker, for $4.8 billion.
    (Econ, 10/29/05, p.50)
2005        Oct 24, Sanjar Umarov, an Uzbek opposition leader, was arrested on embezzlement charges. Umarov, chairman of the Sunshine Coalition, pushed for an easing of the country's autocratic rule.
    (AP, 10/24/05)
2005        Oct 24, Vietnam lifted its 30% cap on foreign ownership of listed companies to 49%.
    (WSJ, 10/21/05, p.C16)

2005        Oct 25, In the World Series, the Chicago White Sox and the Houston Astros began playing Game 3, which turned into a 14-inning marathon that did not end until well after midnight with Chicago winning 7-5.
    (AP, 10/25/06)
2005        Oct 25, The US State Dept. said all US passports will be implanted with computer chips starting in Oct 2006.
    (SFC, 10/26/05, p.C2)
2005        Oct 25, The US deported Mohammed Abouhalima (41) to Egypt. He had just finished serving an 8-year prison term after being convicted of helping his brother, Mahmoud, flee New York following the Feb. 26, 1993 attack that killed six people and wounded more than 1,000.
    (AP, 10/27/05)
2005        Oct 25, Antar Bey (23), son and designated heir of Black Muslim leader Yusuf Bey (d.2003), was shot and killed in Oakland, Ca., in what appeared to be either a car-jacking attempt or an assassination. On Nov. 8 police arrested Alfonza Phillips (20) and charged him with murder in the failed car-jacking. In 2007 Phillips was convicted of first degree murder and sentenced to life in prison without the possibility of parole.
    (SFC, 10/27/05, p.B1)(SFC, 11/10/05, p.B4)(SFC, 11/20/07, p.D1)(SFC, 12/15/07, p.B3)
2005        Oct 25, In Afghanistan militants opened fire on a police vehicle near Kabul, killing two senior police officers who were teachers at a police academy.
    (AP, 10/25/05)
2005        Oct 25, American and British warplanes pounded a southern Afghan mountain, killing suspected Taliban rebels. A provincial governor said at least 6 rebels were killed and 4 wounded.
    (AP, 10/26/05)
2005        Oct 25-2005 Oct 26, Over 130 whales died in a mass stranding on a remote beach in Australia’s southern island state of Tasmania.
    (AP, 10/25/05)
2005        Oct 25, Azerbaijan's President Ilham Aliyev ordered steps to ensure a November 6 parliamentary vote is fair after Washington voiced concern over a police crackdown in the oil-producing ex-Soviet state.
    (AP, 10/25/05)
2005        Oct 25, Chhouk Rin, former Khmer Rouge field commander, was caught in northwestern Cambodia. In 1994 he was convicted in absentia for the murder of 3 Western backpackers.
    (AP, 10/26/05)
2005        Oct 25, A Canadian court approved a $4.2 billion takeover of PetroKazakhstan by China's largest oil company, China National Petroleum Corp., clearing the final potential obstacle to China's biggest foreign acquisition yet.
    (AP, 10/26/05)
2005        Oct 25, Carlyle, a private-equity firm, paid $375 million for an 85% stake in Xugong, China’s leading maker of construction machinery and became the 1st foreign buyout group to gain control of a big Chinese company.
    (Econ, 11/5/05, p.71)
2005        Oct 25, In southwest China a stampede on a stairwell at an elementary school in Tongjiang killed seven children and injured 37.
    (AP, 10/26/05)
2005        Oct 25, A UN official said a bird flu outbreak sickened 2,100 geese in eastern China and killed about a quarter of them, the country's second outbreak reported in a week.
    (AP, 10/25/05)
2005        Oct 25, President Alvaro Uribe accepted the resignation of Colombia's secret police chief and fired the agency's No. 2 amid reports of bitter infighting between the two.
    (AP, 10/25/05)
2005        Oct 25, A rain-swollen river flooded Puerto Plata in the northern Dominican Republic, washing away houses and killing six people, including two children.
    (AP, 10/26/05)
2005        Oct 25, The EU's highest court finally settled the fate of feta cheese, decreeing it a traditional Greek product deserving protection throughout the 25-nation bloc in a ruling that went against other European producers.
    (AP, 10/25/05)
2005        Oct 25, Election officials said Iraq's constitution was adopted by a majority in a fair vote during the Oct. 15 referendum, as Sunni Arab opponents failed to muster enough support to defeat it.
    (AP, 10/25/05)
2005        Oct 25, In southern Iraq an American soldier was killed in a vehicle accident near Camp Bucca. The death raised to at least 2,001 the number of members of the US military who have died since the beginning of the in March 2003, according to an Associated Press count.
    (AP, 10/26/05)
2005        Oct 25, Al Qaeda's wing in Iraq said it had abducted two Moroccan embassy employees who had gone missing on their way from Jordan to Baghdad, according to a statement on a Web site.
    (Reuters, 10/26/05)
2005        Oct 25, Police in riot gear charged demonstrators in the streets near Italian PM Silvio Berlusconi's office as students protested university reforms sponsored by his conservative government.
    (AP, 10/25/05)
2005        Oct 25, Pakistan’s Supreme Court banned making, selling and flying kites due to deaths from kite-flying rivalries during an annual kite flying festival. The ban was extended in December until at least the next meeting of the court on Jan. 26.
    (SSFC, 12/11/05, p.A2)
2005        Oct 25, A panel of experts highlighted the darker side of South Africa's booming wildlife industry and recommended a total ban on "canned hunting" — the release of captive-bred animals to be killed for sport with no chance of escaping their human predators.
    (AP, 10/25/05)
2005        Oct 25, The UN said Sudanese refugees released 15 aid workers they had detained on Oct 23 in a crowded camp in the violent western Darfur region. Five Sudanese nongovernment organization employees were still being held.
    (AP, 10/25/05)
2005        Oct 25, A Venezuela military court sentenced 3 former Venezuelan military officers and 27 Colombians to prison terms ranging from two to nine years for an alleged plot in May 2004 to kill President Hugo Chavez.
    (AP, 10/26/05)

2005        Oct 26, The Chicago White Sox beat the Houston Astros 1-0 to win their first World Series title since 1917.
    (AP, 10/27/06)
2005        Oct 26, The US accepted a Japanese proposal for the relocation of a US air station on Okinawa, resolving a dispute that had blocked progress on military realignment talks and caused friction between the two allies.
    (AP, 10/26/05)
2005        Oct 26, In Florida the death toll from Hurricane Wilma rose to 10. Officials estimated agriculture damage at $1 billion.
    (WSJ, 10/27/05, p.A1)
2005        Oct 26, Emil Kyulev (49) owner of Bulgaria's largest insurance and banking group, DZI-Rosexim, was shot dead in the street in Sofia in the latest in a series of killings to jolt the country, which has been told to crack down on organized crime if it wants to join the EU.
    (AP, 10/26/05)(Econ, 10/29/05, p.50)
2005        Oct 26, Former Vice President Rong Yiren (89), a textile magnate who joined with China's communists and helped launch Deng Xiaoping's economic reforms, earning the nickname "Red Capitalist," died in Beijing.
    (AP, 10/27/05)(Econ, 11/5/05, p.94)
2005        Oct 26-2005 Oct 27, Intense fighting between rebels and paramilitary groups for control of the cocaine trade in the jungles of western Colombia left at least 20 outlawed fighters dead.
    (AP, 10/28/05)
2005        Oct 26, A group of woman who have held a weekly march the last two years to protest the Cuban government's jailing of their activist husbands were gratified to learn they will share the EU's top human rights prize, something they hope will draw attention to their cause.
    (AP, 10/26/05)
2005        Oct 26, In Ecuador Jose Cabrera, a 71-year-old provincial notary, died in a luxury hotel room and left behind a teenage girlfriend, who later said he'd been on cocaine and Viagra, and a crumbling $800 million pyramid scheme that soon blossomed into a nationwide scandal.
    (AP, 12/27/05)
2005        Oct 26, The EU said the dangerous H5N1 strain of bird flu has been found in Croatia. Authorities said a 2nd parrot that died in quarantine in Britain was also infected with the virus.
    (AP, 10/26/05)
2005        Oct 26, A court in Duesseldorf convicted 4 Arab men of plotting to attack Jewish targets in Germany and found 3 of them guilty of being members of a terrorist organization.
    (AP, 10/26/05)
2005        Oct 26, Iran’s Pres. Mahmoud Ahmadinejad declared that Israel was a "disgraceful blot" and should be "wiped off the map." He also said a new wave of Palestinian attacks will destroy the Jewish state.
    (AP, 10/26/05)(AP, 10/26/06)
2005        Oct 26, In Iraq 3 mostly Sunni Arab political parties announced that they have formed a coalition to run in Iraq's parliamentary election in December.
    (AP, 10/26/05)
2005        Oct 26, In Iraq 3 American soldiers died in separate attacks.
    (AP, 10/27/05)
2005        Oct 26, Toyota Motor Corp. said that its joint venture with China's biggest automaker plans to build a 3rd plant in China with annual production capacity of 200,000 passenger cars.
    (AP, 10/26/05)
2005        Oct 26, A Palestinian suicide bomber struck a food stand in the Israeli town of Hadera, killing 5 people, wounding at least 30 and leaving a path of destruction at an open air market.
    (AP, 10/26/05)
2005        Oct 26, Philippine troops captured 7 suspected Muslim militants, including the leader of a group of Islamic converts linked to the kidnappings of foreigners and an alleged plot to bomb.
    (AP, 10/26/05)
2005        Oct 26, In the Philippines a tunnel in a gold mine on Mindanao collapsed after a blast and about 50 people were feared dead.
    (Reuters, 10/27/05)
2005        Oct 26, Russia’s Finance Minister Alexei Kudrin warned that a strengthening ruble and high inflation threatened to undermine the competitiveness of Russia's economy as the nation seeks to join the World Trade Organization.
    (AP, 10/26/05)
2005        Oct 26, Serbian police detained nine people on suspicion of taking part in a 1999 massacre of dozens of ethnic Albanians in southwestern Kosovo.
    (AP, 10/26/05)
2005        Oct 26, A Swiss court found Vitaly Kaloyev, a Russian architect, guilty of premeditated homicide for the Feb 2004 killing of the air traffic controller on duty at the time of the Jul 1, 2002, midair plane collision in which his wife and child were lost. Kaloyev was released in 2007.
    (AP, 10/26/05)(AP, 7/1/12)
2005        Oct 26, Suspected Muslim insurgents raided 60 targets in southern Thailand, stealing 90 weapons and causing at least seven deaths.
    (AP, 10/27/05)
2005        Oct 26, The Mormon Church, citing difficulties with the government of President Hugo Chavez in renewing visas or obtaining new ones, said it is pulling its foreign missionaries out of Venezuela and reassigning them to other countries.
    (AP, 10/26/05)

2005        Oct 27, President Bush abandoned his push to put loyalist Harriet Miers on the Supreme Court and promised a quick replacement. Harriet Miers withdrew her nomination to the Supreme Court after three weeks of brutal criticism from fellow conservatives.
    (AP, 10/27/05)
2005        Oct 27, Pres. Bush visited Florida and took a look at the damage from Hurricane Wilma as the death toll rose to 14. Some 2 million homes and businesses were still without power.
    (SFC, 10/28/05, p.A9)
2005        Oct 27, It was reported that he Pentagon’s DARPA branch had given 15 institutions and companies $9.5 million in grants for research on artificial intelligence in the 1st year of its Biologically-Inspired Cognitive Architecture’s program.
    (SFC, 10/27/05, p.A7)
2005        Oct 27, Tom Noe, a coin dealer already embroiled in an Ohio state government scandal, was charged with funneling $45,400 to other people to contribute to President Bush's re-election campaign in an attempt to skirt a $2,000 limit on individual contributions. In Sep, 2006, Noe was sentenced to 2 years and 3 months in prison and fined $136,200 for the illegal contributions. He still faced trial for embezzlement. In Nov, 2006, Noe was convicted of theft, corrupt activity, money laundering, forgery and tampering with records and sentenced to 18 years in prison.
    (AP, 10/28/05)(SFC, 9/13/06, p.A4)(AP, 11/20/06)
2005        Oct 27, US anti-trust lawyers cleared the $16 billion merger of AT&T and SBC Communications as well as the $8.5 billion purchase of MCI by Verizon. SBC said it will adopt the AT&T name.
    (SFC, 10/28/05, p.C1)
2005        Oct 27, Exxon Mobil Corp., the world's largest publicly traded oil company, said high oil and natural-gas prices helped its third-quarter profit surge almost 75 percent to $9.92 billion, the largest quarterly profit for a U.S. company ever.
    (AP, 10/27/05)
2005        Oct 27, It was reported that WorldCom reached a $651 million litigation settlement, nearly all of which would be paid by the company’s former investment banks.
    (WSJ, 10/27/05, p.A3)
2005        Oct 27, The 18-month Independent Inquiry Committee under former US Federal Reserve chairman Paul Volcker issued a final 623-page report on corruption in the UN oil-for-food program. It claimed that between 1997 and 2003 the Iraqi government sold $64 billion of oil to 248 companies and bought $34.5 billion worth of humanitarian goods. The report accused more than 2,200 companies from some 40 countries of colluding with Saddam's regime to bilk the humanitarian program in Iraq of $1.8 billion.
    (AP, 10/27/05)(Econ, 10/29/05, p.28)(AP, 1/26/08)
2005        Oct 27, In SF Grimes Poznikov (59), the former “Human Jukebox" of Fisherman’s Wharf, died from alcohol poisoning. He was found dead of alcohol poisoning on a sidewalk near Highway 101.
    (SFC, 11/1/05, p.B5)(SFC, 2/12/11, p.A8)
2005        Oct 27, Afghan officials welcomed the extradition of 14 suspected Taliban members from neighboring Pakistan, saying they hoped the move would mark a new era of cooperation.
    (AP, 10/27/05)
2005        Oct 27, A Brazilian congressional panel voted overwhelmingly to submit former presidential aide Jose Dirceu to impeachment proceedings over his alleged involvement in a corruption scandal.
    (AP, 10/28/05)
2005        Oct 27, In Denmark 4 young Muslims were arrested for helping to supply weapons and explosives for a planned terror attack in Europe. They helped two main suspects in Bosnia get hold of weapons and explosives with the aim of committing a terror act. In 2007 a Danish court convicted Abdul Basit Abu-Lifa (17) and sentenced him to 7 years in jail. In 2008 Elias Ibn Hsain was acquitted on charges that he took part.
    (AP, 8/24/06)(AP, 2/16/07)
2005        Oct 27, A team of European students launched SSETI Express, a low-Earth orbiting spacecraft. The Student Space Exploration and Technology Initiative was established by the European Space Agency to boost interest in space science.
    (Econ, 10/29/05, p.84)
2005        Oct 27, In France teenagers Bouna Traore (15) and Zyed Benna (17) died by electrocution after they scaled the wall of an electrical relay station and touched a transformer in the Paris suburb of Clichy-sous-Bois. Local youths blamed the police for the deaths and exploded in anger. The boys allegedly thought they were being chased by police, but authorities denied that was the case. In 2010 two French police officers faced trial accused of failing to save the lives of two teens. On May 18, 2015, officers Sebastien Gaillemin and Stephanie Klein, accused of "non-assistance to individuals in danger," were cleared of the charges.
    (AP, 10/31/05)(AP, 10/22/10)(AFP, 5/18/15)
2005        Oct 27, In Honk Kong the IPO of China Construction Bank raised $8 billion from foreign investors for a 12% stake. Ahead of the float CCB sold a 9% stake to Bank of America and a 5.1% stake to Temasek, a Singapore investment agency.
    (Econ, 10/29/05, p.71)
2005        Oct 27, Iran launched its Sina-1 satellite from the Plesetsk launch pad in northern Russia, a major step in the country's long-term ambitions. Sina-1 gave Iran a limited space reconnaissance capability over the entire Middle East, including Israel.
    (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/4381436.stm)(AP, 11/17/05)
2005        Oct 27, More than 2,000 companies paid about $1.8 billion in illicit kickbacks and surcharges to Saddam Hussein's government through extensive manipulation of the UN oil-for-food program in Iraq, according to key findings of a UN-backed investigation obtained by The Associated Press.
    (AP, 10/27/05)
2005        Oct 27, Some 200 Shiite militiamen loyal to radical cleric Muqtada al-Sadr clashed with Sunni militants in fighting that killed over 20 people in Medayna, 45 miles northeast of Baghdad.
    (AP, 10/27/05)(AP, 11/7/05)
2005        Oct 27, Israeli troops entered the West Bank town of Jenin and witnesses said they arrested a local leader of Islamic Jihad, pushing forward with an offensive against the Palestinian militant group following a suicide bombing that killed five Israelis.
    (AP, 10/27/05)
2005        Oct 27, Israeli forces fired missiles in a Gaza refugee camp after nightfall, killing two people including a leading Islamic Jihad militant.
    (AP, 10/27/05)
2005        Oct 27, Latvian lawmakers endorsed a new code of ethics designed to burnish the legislature's reputation that would prohibit deputies swearing and smoking in public.
    (AP, 10/27/05)
2005        Oct 27, The Mexican government announced that former "bracero" guest workers, who labored in the United States between the 1942 and 1964, will get a one-time payment of about $3,500. The aging workers, who have protested for years, described the payment as insulting and said it should be at least $9,175.
    (AP, 10/27/05)(SFC, 10/28/05, p.A22)
2005        Oct 27, In the Netherlands a fire roared through a prison complex at Amsterdam's Schiphol Airport, killing 11 illegal immigrants awaiting deportation and injuring 15 other people.
    (AP, 10/27/05)
2005        Oct 27, Nigerian security forces said they have detained three of the country's most powerful militant leaders, as part of an apparent crackdown on the separatist forces threatening to tear the country apart.
    (AP, 10/27/05)
2005        Oct 27, The WHO reported that tetanus has killed 22 people and lack of food or shelter could threaten thousands more survivors of Pakistan's massive earthquake.
    (AP, 10/27/05)
2005        Oct 27, South Africa said the G8, the world's richest nations, should allow duty- and quota-free access to all products from poor countries without demanding anything back as part of a deal on global trade.
    (Reuters, 10/27/05)
2005        Oct 27, Vietnam issued its 1st overseas government bond. Demand pushed the size from $500 million to $750 million with a yield of 7.125%.
    (Econ, 11/5/05, p.82)

2005        Oct 28, US prosecutor Patrick Fitzgerald released a 22-page indictment with five charges against I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby Jr. regarding the Valerie Plame case. They carried a total maximum penalty of 30 years in prison and $1.25 million in fines. It portrayed Libby as a serial liar who recklessly mishandled national security secrets. Libby immediately resigned as top aide to VP Cheney.
    (AP, 10/29/05)(SFC, 10/29/05, p.A1)(WSJ, 10/29/05, p.A1)
2005        Oct 28, US Ambassador Thomas Schieffer said the US plans to reduce the number of American troops in Okinawa and the rest of Japan.
    (AP, 10/28/05)
2005        Oct 28, The Alaska Supreme Court ruled that it is unconstitutional to bar benefits to the same-sex partners of public employees.
    (SFC, 10/29/05, p.A3)
2005        Oct 28, Delta Air Lines, in bankruptcy since Sep 14, said that it will discontinue its 2-year-old, low-cost carrier Song and will absorb the unit into its regular operations.
    (SFC, 10/29/05, p.C2)
2005        Oct 28, Rice University professor Richard Smalley (62), who shared a 1996 Nobel Prize in chemistry for the discovery of "buckyballs," died in Houston of cancer.
    (AP, 10/28/05)(Econ, 11/12/05, p.91)
2005        Oct 28, Hazelyn Francis (66), the president of the Antigua and Barbuda senate, was raped during an assault in her home.
    (AP, 10/31/05)
2005        Oct 28, In Argentina indigenous leaders from around the Americas met in Buenos Aires to draft a declaration of rights to present to world leaders at next week's Summit of the Americas.
    (AP, 10/28/05)
2005        Oct 28, China's President Hu Jintao flew to North Korea to meet with reclusive leader Kim Jong Il ahead of new nuclear talks and was greeted by cheering crowds of thousands on a rare visit by a leader of the North's last major ally.
    (AP, 10/28/05)
2005        Oct 28, The UN Security Council voted unanimously to extend the 16,700-member UN peacekeeping mission in Congo for a year and add 300 troops.
    (AP, 10/28/05)
2005        Oct 28, The EU offered to reduce average agricultural tariffs by 46 percent, its steepest ever farm tariff cuts, in a proposal aimed at breaking a deadlock in world trade talks.
    (AP, 10/28/05)
2005        Oct 28, Raymond Hains (b.1926), French Nouveau Realiste artist, died in Paris. In 1960 he joined with other artists to found the Nouveau Realistes, whose emergence came to be seen as the beginning of French Pop Art.
    (SFC, 11/15/05, p.B5)
2005        Oct 28, Guyanese lawmakers voted to raise the age of female sexual consent from 13 years old to 16, despite months of lobbying from groups who said the age should have been 18.
    (AP, 10/29/05)
2005        Oct 28, Tens of thousands of Iranians staged anti-Israel demonstrations across the country, repeating calls by their ultraconservative President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad for the destruction of the Jewish state.
    (AP, 10/28/05)
2005        Oct 28, An Italian court held the first in a series of closed-door hearings to decide whether to indict Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi and 13 others for alleged fraud at his family's broadcaster Mediaset.
    (AP, 10/28/05)
2005        Oct 28, Police in Sicily said they have arrested two suspected mobsters accused of plotting to murder a judge with a car bomb.
    (AP, 10/28/05)
2005        Oct 28, Japan's government said basing a US nuclear-powered warship in Japanese waters for the first time will boost stability in East Asia, hailing an agreement even as it drew protests from the community that will host the aircraft carrier.
    (AP, 10/28/05)
2005        Oct 28, It was reported that the poppy crop in Laos has been reduced 73% over the last 5 years and that the number of opium addicts has shrunk from 63,000 in 1998 to 21,000. The UN drug office said yaaba, an amphetamine produced in illegal factories in Burma, was becoming the drug of choice for young people.
    (SFC, 10/28/05, p.A11)
2005        Oct 28, Mexico became the 100th country to ratify the treaty founding the world's first permanent war crimes tribunal, which the United States has opposed.
    (AP, 10/28/05)
2005        Oct 28, A general strike shut down schools, businesses and transportation in Kathmandu in a protest of new laws restricting the media for criticizing Nepal's king.
    (AP, 10/28/05)
2005        Oct 28, North and South Korea opened their first joint office to promote trade across the heavily militarized border, just as Pyongyang is feuding with a South Korean company about business in the North.
    (AP, 10/28/05)
2005        Oct 28, A Philippine court sentenced to death an Indonesian and two Filipino Muslim militants for their roles in the bombing of a Manila bus.
    (AP, 10/28/05)
2005        Oct 28, Saudi Arabia was given a green light to join the World Trade Organization, in time to participate in December's crucial ministerial summit in Hong Kong.
    (AP, 10/29/05)
2005        Oct 28, In South Africa former President Nelson Mandela launched the first edition of a series of comic books about his life aimed at encouraging young South Africans to read.
    (AP, 10/28/05)
2005        Oct 28, A top military officer said Syria has increased military posts and patrols along its border with Iraq and stopped thousands of infiltrators from entering into the war-torn country.
    (AP, 10/28/05)
2005        Oct 28, Egyptian Pres. Hosni Mubarak held unexpected talks with his beleaguered Syrian counterpart Bashar Assad to discuss Damascus' crisis with the West over the killing of a former Lebanese leader.
    (AP, 10/28/05)
2005        Oct 28, The US joined with the UN, Russia and the EU in demanding Syria immediately close the offices of Islamic Jihad in Damascus and prevent use of its territory for terror actions.
    (AP, 10/28/05)
2005        Oct 28, The UN food agency warned that at least 1.7 million Zambians need food, and the situation is deteriorating rapidly.
    (AP, 10/27/05)

2005        Oct 29, The US and Japan agreed to step up military cooperation and substantially reduce the number of Marines on the strategically important southern island of Okinawa. The US will move 7,000 US Marines from Japan's Okinawa prefecture to Guam.
    (AP, 10/29/05)(AFP, 10/29/05)
2005        Oct 29, Saint Liam won the Breeders' Cup Classic at Belmont Park.
    (AP, 10/29/06)
2005        Oct 29, In Aliso Viejo a 19-year-old in a black cape and a paintball mask went on a shooting rampage in his upscale Southern California neighborhood, killing a man and his daughter before committing suicide.
    (AP, 10/30/05)
2005        Oct 29, In Afghanistan a US paratrooper was killed after his patrol came under fire in a volatile province near the eastern border with Pakistan and a British soldier was shot to death in northern Afghanistan. Officials said at least 21 other people were killed in fighting last week.
    (AP, 10/29/05)
2005        Oct 29, Colombian authorities captured Jhon Cano, an alleged top leader of the powerful Norte del Valle cocaine cartel, who is wanted by a New York court for drug trafficking and money laundering.
    (AP, 10/30/05)
2005        Oct 29, Hurricane Beta battered the mountainous Caribbean island of Providencia, Colombia, ripping roofs off wooden homes and forcing people to seek shelter in brick shelters on high ground.
    (AP, 10/29/05)
2005        Oct 29, Hundreds of French youths fought with police and set cars ablaze in a Paris suburb in a second night of rioting which media said was triggered when two teenagers were electrocuted while fleeing police.
    (AP, 10/29/05)
2005        Oct 29, In Guatemala City a group of gang members opened fire on a prison truck, killing two guards as they were leaving work at the end of their shift and wounding a third.
    (AP, 10/29/05)
2005        Oct 29, In India a series of explosions shook New Delhi tearing through markets jammed with shoppers ahead of an upcoming Hindu festival and killing 61 people and injured more than 200. The Pakistan-based Islamic Inquilab Mahaz claimed responsibility. In southern India a passenger train plunged into a rain-swollen river in Veligonda in Andhra Pradesh state, killing at least 111 people and trapping dozens more inside the derailed cars.
    (AP, 10/31/05)(AP, 10/30/05)(WSJ, 11/28/08, p.A6)   
2005        Oct 29, In Indonesia unidentified assailants attacked a group of high school girls in the province of Central Sulawesi, beheading three and seriously wounding a fourth. In 2006 three Muslim men were charged in the beheadings. In 2007 Abdul Muis bin Kamarudin and Rahman Kalahe were sentenced to 19 years in prison for their crimes.
    (AP, 10/29/05)(AP, 11/3/06)(AP, 12/4/07)
2005        Oct 29, In Iraq insurgents killed 3 US soldiers and wounded four, and American forces attacked two towns near the Syrian border, killing at least 10 militants. Witnesses said some of the victims were civilians.
    (AP, 10/29/05)
2005        Oct 29, US troops backed by helicopters and a jet attacked insurgents planning a nighttime ambush near an American base north of Baghdad, killing six militants and wounding and capturing five. A US jet dropped a bomb north of Ramadi, 70 miles west of Baghdad, killing three insurgents who were planting a roadside bomb. The corpses of three handcuffed and blindfolded Iraqis were found in Baghdad. A truck bombing in a Shiite farming village north of Baghdad killed 30 people and left 42 wounded.
    (AP, 10/30/05)(Reuters, 10/30/05)
2005        Oct 29, Israeli aircraft fired missiles at open areas in northern Gaza and ground troops set up a second artillery battery near the coastal strip, part of an intensifying campaign against Palestinian rocket fire.
    (AP, 10/29/05)
2005        Oct 29, Salvadoran President Tony Saca urged Los Angeles Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa to support his request to President Bush to allow undocumented Salvadorans to remain in the US while the country recovers from Hurricane Stan.
    (AP, 10/29/05)
2005        Oct 29, Syrian President Bashar Assad issued an order for a special committee to investigate any Syrian involvement in the assassination of former PM Hariri in neighboring Lebanon.
    (AP, 10/29/05)
2005        Oct 29, Vietnam demanded that the US remove it from a State Department blacklist of religious rights violators.
    (AFP, 10/29/05)

2005         Oct 30, The body of Rosa Parks arrived at the U.S. Capitol, where the civil rights pioneer became the first woman to lie in honor in the Rotunda; President Bush and congressional leaders paused to lay wreaths by her casket.
    (AP, 10/30/06)
2005        Oct 30, Microsoft Corp. founder Bill Gates pledged $258.3 million for research and development to combat malaria, including new cash to test the world's first vaccine against the mosquito-borne disease.
    (Reuters, 10/31/05)(SFC, 10/31/05, p.A8)
2005        Oct 30, In SF the 10th running of the Illegal Soapbox Society’s Halloween derby was held in Bernal Heights.
    (SFC, 11/1/05, p.E1)
2005        Oct 30, In Madison, Wisconsin, police used pepper spray to break up rowdy Halloween celebrations. Over 400 arrests were made mostly for alcohol-related offenses.
    (SFC, 10/31/05, p.A3)
2005        Oct 30, In SF some 20,000 people gathered in Golden Gate Park for a memorial concert, the Family Dog’s last Tribal Stomp, to celebrate Chet Helms, who died June 25.
    (SFC, 10/31/05, p.B1)
2005        Oct 30, Gordon A. Craig (b.1913), Scottish-born former Stanford history professor, died in California. His books included “Europe Since 1815" (1961).
    (SFC, 11/9/05, p.B11)
2005        Oct 30, Al Lopez (97), baseball Hall of Fame catcher and manager died in Tampa, Fla.
    (AP, 10/30/06)
2005        Oct 30, The US military said 2 American soldiers have been charged with allegedly assaulting two detainees at a US-led coalition base in southern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 10/30/05)
2005        Oct 30, Congolese troops rescued four electoral workers from their militia captors in a raid that set off a battle that killed dozens of militiamen and one soldier. Some 40 Mayi-Mayi militiamen were killed by the army. One soldier was killed and three others injured.
    (AP, 11/2/05)
2005        Oct 30, Police clashed with angry youths in a Paris suburb for the fourth straight night, with accusations over a police teargas grenade thrown into a mosque set to exacerbate the situation further.
    (AP, 10/31/05)
2005        Oct 30, Dresden's $215 million rebuilt Frauenkirche, or Church of Our Lady, was re-consecrated, 60 years after it was destroyed by Allied bombs in World War II. The Protestant church was originally built in 1743 and collapsed after a wave of bombing in February 1945.
    (AP, 10/30/05)(SSFC, 10/30/05, p.A16)
2005        Oct 30, It was reported that the US military had begun tracking the deaths of Iraqi civilians. Estimates of those killed and wounded averaged 26 per day from early 2004 and rose to 63 per day by the end of August, 2005. Attacks against Americans and Iraqis were reported to be averaging 85 a day for much of the past year.
    (SSFC, 10/30/05, p.A21)
2005        Oct 30, Insurgents killed seven Iraqi civilians in scattered attacks. An Iraqi cabinet adviser was killed when gunmen attacked his car in northern Baghdad, and a deputy trade minister was wounded in a separate attack. A US Army soldier was killed by a roadside bomb in central Iraq.
    (AP, 10/30/05)(Reuters, 10/30/05)(SFC, 11/1/05, p.A3)
2005        Oct 30, Israeli troops killed 3 Palestinian militants, including the suspected mastermind of a suicide attack, in a West Bank raid just hours after the two sides had reached a tentative new truce deal.
    (AP, 10/31/05)
2005        Oct 30, Ivory Coast President Laurent Gbagbo, whose mandate was due to go into extra time following the west African state's failure to hold elections, pledged to do everything he could to organize a vote before a one-year deadline set by the United Nations.
    (AP, 10/30/05)
2005        Oct 30, Hurricane Beta pounded Nicaragua's east coast with heavy rains and powerful winds as thousands sought protection in boarded-up homes or government shelters.
    (AP, 10/30/05)
2005        Oct 30, Nigeria reported that its inflation rate rose to 15.5% in the 12 months ending in August, up 14.2% from the month before according to the Federal Office of Statistics (FOS).
    (AP, 10/30/05)
2005        Oct 30, Pakistan and India made an unprecedented agreement to open their heavily militarized border in disputed Kashmir to aid the flow of relief goods and reunite divided families in the aftermath of South Asia's colossal earthquake.
    (AP, 10/30/05)
2005        Oct 30, Palestinian officials said they have agreed with Israel to halt nearly a week of fighting after militant groups pledged to halt rocket fire on southern Israeli towns.
    (AP, 10/30/05)
2005        Oct 30, Zanzibar police and ruling party militia chased opposition supporters through the streets as voters chose between the socialists who have ruled semiautonomous state for more than 30 years and an opposition group promising wholesale change. Voting in national and regional elections on mainland Tanzania was postponed to Dec. 18 because of a vice presidential candidate's death. Official results named incumbent Amani Karume of the ruling Party of the Revolution (CCM) the winner with 53% of the vote.
    (AP, 10/30/05)(Econ, 11/5/05, p.51)

2005        Oct 31, President Bush nominated veteran judge Samuel Alito in a bid to reshape the Supreme Court and mollify his conservative allies. Ready-to-rumble Democrats warned that Alito may be an extremist who would curb abortion rights.
    (AP, 10/31/05)
2005        Oct 31, The US Supreme Court declined to hear an appeal by, Thomas Huckaby, a Tennessee man who was charged by NY state for taxes on all of his income derived from his employer in NY.
    (WSJ, 11/1/05, p.D1)
2005        Oct 31, It was reported that US Sec. of Defense Donald Rumsfeld held a stake in Gilead Sciences valued at between $5 million and $25 million, according to federal financial disclosures filed by Rumsfeld. Tamiflu is manufactured and marketed by Swiss pharma giant Roche. Gilead receives a royalty from Roche equaling about 10% of sales. Former Secretary of State George Shultz, who is on Gilead's board, has sold more than $7 million worth of Gilead since the beginning of 2005. Rumsfeld recused himself from any decisions involving Gilead when he left Gilead and became Secretary of Defense.
    (http://money.cnn.com/2005/10/31/news/newsmakers/fortune_rumsfeld/)
2005        Oct 31, A transit strike in Philadelphia brought the city’s buses, subways and trolleys to a halt.
    (SFC, 11/1/05, p.A3)
2005        Oct 31, In SF some 30,000 people gathered in the Castro district for the annual Halloween party.
    (SFC, 11/1/05, p.B2)
2005        Oct 31, BSkyB and Vodafone announced that a quarter of a million subscribers to Vodafone's third-generation (3G) telecommunications service were now able to watch on their mobiles live news and sports provided by satellite broadcaster BSkyB.
    (AP, 10/31/05)
2005        Oct 31,     Chiron Corp., a biotech operation in Emeryville, Ca., merged with the Swiss firm Novartis. Novartis paid $5.1 billion for Chiron.
    (SFC, 11/1/05, p.D1)
2005        Oct 31, It was reported that Pluto has three moons, not one, according to new images from the Hubble Space Telescope suggest. The two new moons were named Nix and Hydra. Pluto, discovered as the ninth planet in 1930, was thought to be alone until its moon Charon was spotted in 1978. Two more moons were discovered in 2011 and 2012.
    (AP, 11/1/05)(Econ, 7/11/15, p.70)
2005        Oct 31, In Brazil a man accused of torturing and killing five people was killed in a Sao Paulo shantytown gunfight with police who were trying to arrest him. Celso Alencar dos Santos (33) and an accomplice allegedly killed five members of the Yonekura family in September, when the family returned to Brazil with thousands of dollars they had saved while living for six years in Japan.
    (AP, 11/1/05)
2005        Oct 31, China's Pres. Hu Jintao arrived in Vietnam on a mission to expand booming trade ties between the communist nations.
    (AP, 10/31/05)
2005        Oct 31, Hundreds of government troops backed by U.N. peacekeepers began flushing heavily armed Rwandan rebels from eastern Congo, destroying insurgent camps and sending smoke rising above the restive region.
    (AP, 10/31/05)
2005        Oct 31, Farmers brought California vegetables, North Carolina turkeys and Arkansas rice to Cuba's annual trade fair, showing that Americans are still hungry for the communist country's market despite U.S. rules that make trade difficult.
    (AP, 10/31/05)
2005        Oct 31, A UN-sanctioned panel investigating human rights violations during Indonesia's bloody 24-year occupation of East Timor presented its findings to the country's president.
    (AP, 10/31/05)
2005        Oct 31, French rower Emmanuel Coindre ended a landmark 129-day solo voyage across the Pacific Ocean between Japan and the United States, setting a new record, according to his team.
    (AFP, 11/1/05)
2005        Oct 31, The US military said 6 American soldiers were killed in two bombings, making October one of the deadliest months for U.S. troops in Iraq this year. A car bomb exploded in a commercial district of Basra, killing at least 20 with 40 injured.
    (AP, 10/31/05)(AP, 11/1/05)(SFC, 11/1/05, p.A3)
2005        Oct 31, Japanese PM Junichiro Koizumi named a new Cabinet, putting outspoken conservatives, and potential successors, in top positions and retaining his economic team.
    (AP, 10/31/05)
2005        Oct 31, Okinawa's governor told Japan's central government that a plan to build a U.S. heliport on the southern island as part of a realignment of the American military presence there was unacceptable.
    (AP, 10/31/05)
2005        Oct 31, A Myanmar court sentenced a lawyer to seven years in prison for advising a group of farmers to file grievances with the International Labor Organization.
    (AP, 11/16/05)
2005        Oct 31, Polish President Aleksander Kwasniewski has officially named a minority conservative government headed by Kazimierz Marcinkiewicz.
    (AP, 10/31/05)
2005        Oct 31, President Vladimir Putin said he won't seek a third term in 2008, but vowed not to allow "destabilization" in Russia following the vote, leaving the door open for drastic action in the event of a crisis.
    (AP, 10/31/05)
2005        Oct 31, A new survey reported that more than half of Russians think everyone in power is dishonest, from the president and parliament, to government and the courts. Transparency International recently ranked Russia joint 126th on its list of cleanest countries, on a par with Sierra Leone, Niger and Albania.
    (AP, 10/31/05)
2005        Oct 31, The Spanish telecommunications company Telefonica announced an agreed $31.5 billion takeover of mobile-phone operator O2, to be paid in cash.
    (Econ, 11/5/05, p.65)
2005        Oct 31, UN envoy Jan Pronk condemned the killing of 2 deminers contracted to the United Nations in southern Sudan in an ambush by suspected Ugandan rebels.
    (AP, 10/31/05)
2005        Oct 31, A UN resolution sponsored by the US, France and Britain demanded that Syria assist fully with a probe into the February killing of former Lebanese leader Hariri. The P-5 ambassadors (the five permanent council nations) from the US, Russia, China, Britain and France, conducted intense negotiations to try to reach agreement on the resolution.
    (WSJ, 11/1/05, p.A1)(AP, 11/3/05)
2005        Oct 31, Live news broadcasts began on a new Latin American TV station backed by Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez as an alternative to large corporate media outlets.
    (AP, 10/31/05)

2005        Oct, New Jersey opened a campaign for a new state slogan to the public, establishing a Web site and telephone hot line to receive suggestions. The state once used "New Jersey and You: Perfect Together," but has not had a new marketing slogan in four years. "Get Away, Without Going Far Away" has been used in the interim, but tourism officials said it does not resonate with out-of-staters.
    (AP, 11/14/05)
2005        Oct, The Gemological Institute of America fired 4 employees at its NY laboratory over allegations of bribery and a diamond grading scandal that stemmed from a 2001 sale of 2 diamonds sold to the Saudi royal family for $15 million.
    (WSJ, 12/20/05, p.A1)
2005        Oct, Wildlife researchers with the South Florida Natural Resources Center found a dead, headless python after it apparently tried to digest a 6-foot-long (2-meter-long) American alligator. The mostly intact dead gator was found sticking out of a hole in the midsection of the python, and wads of gator skin were found in the snake's gastrointestinal tract.
    (http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2005/10/1006_051006_pythoneatsgator.html)
2005        Oct, Albania signed a European Commission energy treaty in Athens meant to promote co-operation by setting up a regional energy market.
    (Econ, 1/7/06, p.43)
2005        Oct, Australia’s government announced a deal with the Labor government of the Northern Territories to shake up communal management of aboriginal land by introducing market-driven incentives.
    (Econ, 11/19/05, p.46)
2005        Oct, In Belarus Veronika Cherkasova (44), who had worked for independent media outlets for the past 15 years, was killed in her home in Minsk. Sergei Ivanov, a top prosecutor in charge of the investigation, decided in December to suspend an inquiry "owing to the absence of individuals who can be brought to justice."
    (AP, 12/28/05)
2005        Oct, British defense contractor BAE Systems began to the Autonomous learning Agents for Decentralized Data and Information Systems (ALADDIN) together with the universities of Bristol, Oxford, Southampton and Imperial College, London.
    (Econ, 11/27/10, p.89)
2005        Oct, The government of Chad said it intends to amend a law governing petrodollars so it can use a larger chunk for any purpose it likes.
    (SFC, 12/30/05, p.C2)
2005        Oct, Oando, a Nigerian energy group, became the first company from another African country to be listed on the Johannesburg stock exchange (JSE).
    (Econ, 6/10/06, p.72)
2005        Oct, Greg Wyler, a American tech entrepreneur, purchased Rwanda’s telecom monopoly, Rwandatel, with a bid of $20 million. Wyler’s tenure as owner of Rwanda’s national telephone company ended in 2007. He then founded O3b Networks, based on the island of Jersey, to address the high cost of internet access in developing countries.    
    (WSJ, 8/17/06, p.A7)(Econ, 10/18/08, p.77)
2005        Oct, Spain’s ENCE planned to start a cellulose plant on the Uruguay River bordering Argentina.
    (Econ, 10/8/05, p.47)

2005        Nov 1, President Bush outlined a $7.1 billion strategy to prepare for the danger of a pandemic influenza outbreak, saying he wanted to stockpile enough vaccine to protect 20 million Americans against the current strain of bird flu.
    (AP, 11/1/05)
2005        Nov 1, Democrats forced the Republican-controlled Senate into an unusual closed session, questioning intelligence President Bush had used in the run-up to the war in Iraq; Republicans derided the move as a political stunt.
    (AP, 11/1/06)
2005        Nov 1, The US Federal Reserve raised its benchmark interest rate another quarter point for the 12th time to 4%.
    (SFC, 11/2/05, p.D1)
2005        Nov 1, The US Postal Rate Commission approved a 2-cent increase effective Jan 2006.
    (SFC, 11/2/05, p.A2)
2005        Nov 1, In SF the $250 million, 41-story Hotel St. Regis, located at 125 3rd St., was expected to open. 2-bedroom condos were asking $1.8-2.5 million. It was designed by architect Craig Hartman of Skidmore Owings Merrill.
    (SFC, 10/27/05, p.C1)(SFC, 12/14/05, p.B1)(SSFC, 10/6/13, p.C5)
2005        Nov 1, Residents of Denver, Colorado, voted to legalize the possession of small amounts of marijuana for adults. Authorities said state possession laws will be applied instead. State residents voted to suspend their Taxpayer’s Bill of Rights and gave up more than $3 billion in tax refunds to help the state deal with a recession.
    (AP, 11/2/05)(SFC, 11/3/05, p.A5)
2005        Nov 1, Skitch Henderson (87), the Grammy-winning conductor who lent his musical expertise to Frank Sinatra and Bing Crosby before founding the New York Pops (1983) and becoming the first "Tonight Show" bandleader (1954), died in New Haven, Conn.
    (AP, 11/2/05)
2005        Nov 1, Militants ambushed police on a southern Afghan mountain and killed five officers.
    (AP, 11/2/05)
2005        Nov 1, Albania's armed forces chief said their antiquated air force of Soviet-designed MiG aircraft, which killed 35 Albanian pilots but no enemies, is finally on its way to the museum and the scrapheap.
    (Reuters, 11/1/05)
2005        Nov 1, In Bosnia 2 children in Doribaba died when they were playing with a hand grenade and pulled the security pin.
    (AP, 11/2/05)
2005        Nov 1, Britain's Competition Commission (CC) gave approval to proposed takeovers of the London Stock Exchange by the German Deutsche Boerse or the pan-European market Euronext, but attached conditions.
    (AFP, 11/1/05)
2005        Nov 1, The first Czech online daily without a paper edition, Aktualne.cz, was launched overnight.
    (AFP, 11/1/05)
2005        Nov 1, Two Islamic militants jailed in the 1981 killing of President Anwar Sadat were released after more than two decades behind bars. Nageh Ibrahim and Fouad el-Dawalibi were founding members of al-Gamaa al-Islamiyya, once Egypt's largest Islamic militant group.
    (AP, 11/8/05)
2005        Nov 1, In Ethiopia riot police clashed with dozens of opposition supporters in Addis Ababa, fatally shooting at least five people and wounding some 20 others in renewed protests of the disputed May elections.
    (AP, 11/1/05)
2005        Nov 1, French police fired tear gas and rioters hurled Molotov cocktails as violence hit a poor Paris suburb for the fifth straight night in unrest that officials said had also spread to neighboring towns.
    (AFP, 11/1/05)
2005        Nov 1, In Iraq 500 prisoners walked free from the US military's Abu Ghraib jail, released in a goodwill gesture to mark the end of the Muslim holy month of Ramadan.
    (AP, 11/1/05)
2005        Nov 1, Israel's Yad Vashem Holocaust Memorial opened a Holocaust film library with help from Hollywood director Steven Spielberg.
    (AP, 11/1/05)
2005        Nov 1, An Israeli missile strike on a car killed two Palestinians in the Jebaliya refugee camp, Hassan Madhoun (37), a leader of the Al Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades and Fawzi Abu Kara (32) of Hamas.
    (AP, 11/1/05)(SFC, 11/2/05, p.A12)
2005        Nov 1, Japanese artist Hiro Yamagata announced plans to recreate Afghanistan's destroyed Bamiyan Buddhas using as many as 240 laser beam images, a giant project that could also bring electricity to local people.
    (AFP, 11/1/05)
2005        Nov 1, Gunfire erupted and at least four inmates were killed at two Kyrgyz prisons after riot police entered to restore order following a bloody uprising.
    (AP, 11/1/05)
2005        Nov 1, A trade union said a strike at the Dutch operations of Royal Dutch Shell PLC over pensions will be broadened to include the company's natural-gas production in the north of the Netherlands.
    (AP, 11/1/05)
2005        Nov 1, Officials from North and South Korea agreed to meet next month to work out details on competing as a unified team for the 2008 Beijing Olympics.
    (AP, 11/1/05)
2005        Nov 1, In the Philippines 6 US Marines took part in a rape at the former US naval base at Subic Bay. The incident soon fueled anti-US demonstrations in Manila and objections to US presence in the Philippines. Prosecutors later contended the victim (22) was attacked in a van at Subic Bay by Lance Cpl. Daniel Smith as Lance Cpl. Keith Silkwood, Lance Cpl. Dominic Duplantis and Staff Sgt. Chad Carpentier cheered on the assault. In Dec, 2006, Lance Cpl. Daniel Smith (21) from St. Louis, was convicted of raping a Filipino woman and sentenced to 40 years in prison. He was the first American soldier convicted of wrongdoing in the Philippines since the country shut down US bases here the early 1990s. In 2009 his accuser submitted a five-page affidavit to an appeals court saying she now doubts her own version of events. In March it was revealed that Smith had paid the victim $2000 in damages and that she had gone to live in America with her American boyfriend. On April 23, 2009, the Philippine Court of Appeals overturned the ruling against Smith, indicating the sexual act was consensual.
    (WSJ, 11/22/05, p.A13)(AP, 6/26/06)(AP, 12/4/06)(AP, 3/18/09)(Econ, 5/2/09, p.43)
2005        Nov 1, Police surrounded opposition headquarters and clashed with protesters on the semiautonomous archipelago of Zanzibar (Tanzania) as the ruling party was declared the winner of presidential and parliamentary elections. 9 people died in related violence and the opposition made allegations of rigging.
    (AP, 11/1/05)(WSJ, 11/2/05, p.A1)
2005        Nov 1, The UN General Assembly adopted a landmark resolution that will create the first international day of commemoration for the six million Jews and other victims of the Nazi Holocaust. The International Day of Commemoration will be held every year on Jan. 27.
    (AP, 11/1/05)
2005        Nov 1, UN Sec. Gen. Kofi Annan said he would name Martti Ahtisaari, a former Finish president, as special envoy to start talks on Kosovo’s future.
    (AP, 11/15/05)(Econ, 1/21/06, p.51)

2005        Nov 2, The Bush administration released details of its potential flu pandemic strategy, saying a pandemic that hit the United States would force cities to ration scarce drugs and vaccine and house the sick in hotels or schools if hospitals were to overflow.
    (AP, 11/2/06)
2005        Nov 2, The Washington Post reported that the CIA has been hiding and interrogating al Qaeda captives at a secret facility in Eastern Europe as part of a covert global prison system that has included sites in 8 countries and was set up after the September 11, 2001, attacks.
    (AP, 11/2/05)
2005        Nov 2, In California authorities arrested Jeanson James Ancheta (20) for conspiracy to cause damage to a computer, accessing a computer to conduct fraud and money laundering among other charges. He had used robot viruses to commandeer machines to “disseminate spam, hawk fake goods, and send “phishing" emails to steal bank and other personal information." Ancheta faced a maximum of 50 years in prison.
    (WSJ, 11/7/05, p.B3)
2005        Nov 2, In Florida 2 men pleaded guilty to organizing a Cuban smuggling trip that ended when their speedboat capsized and a 6-year-old boy drowned on Oct 12.
    (AP, 11/2/05)
2005        Nov 2, An e-mail statement purportedly by Taliban commander Mullah Omar, urged the insurgents in Afghanistan not to end their armed struggle.
    (AP, 11/2/05)
2005        Nov 2, In Argentina thousands opposed to Pres. Bush held a massive rally at a basketball arena just days before he arrives at Mar del Plata for the Summit of the Americas.
    (AP, 11/2/05)
2005        Nov 2, The Asia Pacific Trade Agreement held its 1st Ministerial Council session in Thailand. This replaced the Bangkok Agreement signed in 1975. Members included  Bangladesh, China, India, Republic of Korea, Lao People's Democratic Republic and Sri Lanka. ESCAP, the UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, functioned as the secretariat for the Agreement.
    (www.unescap.org/tid/apta.asp)
2005        Nov 2, In Britain Cabinet minister David Blunkett resigned. He acknowledged that his business dealings had breached ministerial guidelines and that his position as work and pensions secretary had become untenable.
    (AP, 11/2/05)
2005        Nov 2, China’s government made public the results of a 2-month investigation into conflicts of interest in the coal industry and found that 4,578 government officials illegally held stakes in coal mines, where corruption and other abuses contributed to thousands of deaths each year.
    (WSJ, 11/3/05, p.A10)
2005        Nov 2, Chinese scientists said they had gathered evidence that shows a giant object in the center of our galaxy is a super-massive black hole.
    (Reuters, 11/3/05)
2005        Nov 2, Police in the troubled Russian region of Dagestan killed Makhach Mamashev, a militant leader, and detained eight fighters in an operation near the Chechen border.
    (AP, 11/3/05)
2005        Nov 2, In Ethiopia clashes between police and protesters erupted in gunfire and grenade explosions, with police killing at least 33 people during a second day of renewed protests of disputed elections.
    (AP, 11/2/05)
2005        Nov 2, Deutsche Telekom AG, Europe's biggest phone company, said that it plans to cut 32,000 jobs from its payroll in Germany in the next three years, 25,000 at its main operations and 7,000 from a staffing agency subsidiary.
    (AP, 11/2/05)
2005        Nov 2, Haiti's interim government filed a federal lawsuit against former Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide, accusing him of stealing millions from the Haitian treasury and state-owned telephone company.
    (AP, 11/3/05)
2005        Nov 2, Iran's government said it was removing 40 ambassadors and senior diplomats, including supporters of warmer ties with the West, from their posts in a shake-up that comes as the Islamic republic takes a more confrontational international stance. Thousands of Iranians burned flags and chanted slogans against Israel and the US in the largest demonstration in years outside the former US Embassy in Tehran. Nov 4 marked the 26th anniversary of the 1979 embassy seizure.
    (AP, 11/2/05)
2005        Nov 2, Iraq's defense minister invited officers of Saddam Hussein's army up to the rank of major to join the new Iraqi army, an overture to disaffected Sunni Arab ex-soldiers, many of whom joined the insurgency after the Americans abolished the armed forces in 2003. A US soldier was killed by a roadside bomb during combat operations in Ramadi.
    (AP, 11/2/05)(AP, 11/3/05)
2005        Nov 2, Four US troops were killed, two in a helicopter crash, and two from a roadside bomb, as American ground forces fought insurgents around the city of Ramadi. At least 23 people were killed and 46 were wounded when a car bomb exploded outside a Shiite Muslim mosque in the Iraqi town of Musayyib.
    (AP, 11/2/05)(Reuters, 11/2/05)
2005        Nov 2, In Kashmir 5 people including a suicide bomber were killed and more than a dozen wounded in a car bomb blast in the Nowgam area on the outskirts of Srinagar. "The car bomb is our first gift to Ghulam Nabi Azad," who was to be sworn is as the Kashmir's new chief minister, said Abu Qudama, spokesman for Jaish-e-Mohammed.
    (AP, 11/2/05)
2005        Nov 2, Police in Northern Ireland arrested a 30-year-old man in Belfast a day after two others were taken into custody in the city of Kilcoo in relation to last year's $47 million bank robbery.
    (AP, 11/2/05)
2005        Nov 2, Pakistan army's disaster relief chief said the official death toll in Pakistan from the Oct. 8 earthquake jumped to more than 73,000, with about the same number listed as severely injured.
    (AP, 11/2/05)
2005        Nov 2, Syrian President Bashar Assad gave amnesty to 190 political prisoners to mark the Muslim feast of Eid al-Fitr.
    (AP, 11/2/05)
2005        Nov 2, In southern Thailand several bombs exploded in Narathiwat, killing one attacker and knocking out electricity.
    (AP, 11/2/05)

2005        Nov 3, Vice President Dick Cheney's former chief of staff, I. Lewis Libby, pleaded not guilty to a five-count felony indictment in the CIA leak case.
    (AP, 11/3/06)
2005        Nov 3, The US released 5 Guantanamo detainees to Kuwait. About 500 captives remained at the facility.
    (WSJ, 11/4/05, p.A1)
2005        Nov 3, A state-court in Atlantic City, New Jersey, found Merck not liable for injuries to an Idaho man taking Vioxx who had a heart attack. Merck faced some 2,750 more suits in New Jersey, where the company is based.
    (WSJ, 11/4/05, p.A1)
2005        Nov 3, Matthew Limon (23) was released after spending five years in prison following the Oct. 21 Kansas Supreme Court ruling that determined it was unconstitutional to punish underage sex between homosexuals more harshly than between heterosexuals.
    (AP, 11/4/05)
2005        Nov 3, In Texas convicted killed Charles Victor Thompson (35) escaped from Harris County Jail. He was captured Nov 6 in Shreveport, La., drunk and talking on a pay phone. Thompson had been sentenced to death for the murder of his ex-girlfriend and her lover in 1998.
    (SSFC, 11/6/05, p.A8)(AP, 11/7/05)
2005        Nov 3, The Environmental Investigation Agency, a London-based environmental watchdog said US businesses are unwittingly importing illegal Honduran wood, contributing to deforestation, corruption and social strife in the Latin American country.
    (AP, 11/3/05)
 2005        Nov 3, Leaders from across the Americas headed to Argentina in another attempt to end Latin America's chronic poverty, with Washington promoting liberalized trade and opponents fearful that it will allow corporations to dominate the poor.
    (AP, 11/3/05)
2005        Nov 3, R.C. Gorman (b.1931), Navajo artist, died in Albuquerque, NM. He was dubbed “the Picasso of American Indian Art" by the NY Times.
    (SFC, 11/4/05, p.B6)
2005        Nov 3, Kevin Henry (39), of Albion, Ca., was murdered by Nathan McWilliams (22) and Trevor Conley (23) of Ukiah, Ca., near Lake Mendocino following use of crystal methamphetamine. In 2007 Conley and McWilliams were sentenced 15 years to life in prison.
    (SFCM, 1/20/08, p.17)
2005        Nov 3, North Korea's abduction of Japanese citizens decades ago took center stage at the opening of talks in Beijing between the former bitter enemies.
    (Reuters, 11/3/05)
2005        Nov 3, In Ethiopia police shot and killed three people and wounded 12 others in a fourth day of protests against disputed parliamentary elections.
    (AP, 11/3/05)
2005        Nov 3, European Union officials said they would investigate a report that the CIA set up secret jails in Eastern Europe to interrogate top al-Qaida suspects. The international Red Cross also said it asked the US to let a representative visit detainees if such a facility exists. At least 10 nations denied that the prisons were in their territory. Human Rights Watch in New York said it has evidence indicating the CIA transported suspected terrorists captured in Afghanistan to Poland and Romania.
    (AP, 11/3/05)
2005        Nov 3, Rioting youths shot at police and firefighters after burning car dealerships and public buses and hurling rocks at commuter trains. France's government faced growing pressure to curb the violence, fueled by anger over poor conditions in suburban Paris housing projects.
    (AP, 11/3/05)
2005        Nov 3, In Haiti demonstrators marched out of two slums and across the capital in support of former Pres. Rene Preval's bid to regain the presidency in Dec elections.
    (AP, 11/3/05)
2005        Nov 3, The al-Qaida in Iraq militant group said that it has sentenced to death two Moroccan embassy employees kidnapped last month in Iraq, the insurgents' latest attempt to scare Arab nations from sending diplomats.
    (AP, 11/3/05)
2005        Nov 3, Israeli soldiers shot and critically wounded a 13-year-old Palestinian boy who threw stones at troops patrolling Jenin. The boy died Nov 5. The parents of the Palestinian boy donated his organs to three Israeli children waiting for transplants.
    (AP, 11/3/05)(AP, 11/5/05)(AP, 11/7/05)
2005        Nov 3, Pakistan reported that its agents killed one suspected al-Qaida terrorist in a raid in Quetta and arrested, Mustafa Setmarian Nasar, a Syrian and top al-Qaida operative sought by the US under a $5 million reward. The slain suspect was a Saudi named Shaikh Ali Mohammed al-Salim who had been living with Mustafa Setmarian Nasar, also known as Abu Musab al-Suri, who allegedly had a role in the March 11, 2004, Madrid mass-transit bombings. Al-Suri was the author of a 1,600-page opus titled: “The Call to Global Islamic Resistance."
    (AP, 11/3/05)(AP, 5/2/06)(Econ, 7/14/07, p.30)(Econ, 2/16/13, p.62)
2005        Nov 3, In the Philippines the Asian Development Bank warned that a flu pandemic could kill 3 million people in Asia, trigger economic carnage in the region worth almost $300 billion and push the world into a recession.
    (AP, 11/3/05)
2005        Nov 3, Thailand's government imposed martial law in two Muslim-dominated districts of its insurgency-wracked south, a day after Islamic separatists staged a new show of strength with bombings that blacked out a provincial capital.
    (AP, 11/3/05)

2005        Nov 4, The St. Louis Cardinals announced demolition plans for Busch Stadium, the ballpark that has housed the team since 1966. A 10,000-pound wrecking ball will be used to knock down the southern half of the ballpark over a 60-day period.
    (AP, 11/4/05)
2005        Nov 4, Sheree North (72), stage, film and TV star, died in Los Angeles.
    (SFC, 11/9/05, p.B11)
2005        Nov 4, Earl Krugel (62), Jewish Defense League activist, died after being assaulted in a federal prison in Phoenix. He had been imprisoned for his role in a bomb plot.
    (AP, 11/4/06)
2005        Nov 4, Mullah Omar, the fugitive leader of Afghanistan's Taliban insurgents, called on people to unite and join his ousted guerrillas in a "jihad" or holy war against US forces in the country.
    (AP, 11/6/05)
2005        Nov 4, In Afghanistan poet Nadia Anjuman (25) died in Herat. She was beaten to death, and her husband and mother were arrested. On Nov 8 the UN condemned the killing as symptom of continuing violence against Afghan women four years after the fall of the Taliban.
    (AP, 11/8/05)
2005        Nov 4, In Argentina crowd of 10,000 people chanting "Get out Bush!" swarmed the streets of Mar del Plata, hours before the hemisphere's leaders sat down to debate free trade, immigration and job creation at the fourth Summit of the Americas. Pres. Bush worked to smooth the United States' troubled image in Latin America, commending Argentina's efforts to improve its damaged economy. More than 1,000 masked, anti-US demonstrators clashed with police, shattered storefronts and torched businesses.
    (AP, 11/4/05)(AP, 11/5/05)
2005        Nov 4, In Argentina Mexico’s Pres. Vicente Fox said that a majority of nations in the Western Hemisphere will consider moving forward with negotiations to create a huge new free trade zone without the participation of dissenting countries like Venezuela.
    (AP, 11/4/05)
2005        Nov 4, In Azerbaijan thousands of government supporters rallied in Baku on the last day of campaigning for this weekend's parliamentary elections, while opponents kept out of sight to avoid confrontations with police.
    (AP, 11/4/05)
2005        Nov 4, In Oxford restaurant waiter Chomir Ali (44) was jailed for life for ordering his sons to kill Arash Ghorbani-Zarin (19), a Muslim university student of Iranian descent. The conviction of a Bangladeshi-origin man along with his two teenage sons for murdering the student who made his daughter pregnant illustrates the growing prevalence in Britain of so-called "honor crimes." Ghorbani-Zarin was stabbed 46 times.
    (AFP, 11/5/05)
2005        Nov 4, China reported its fourth bird flu outbreak in three weeks, saying that 8,940 chickens died in a northeastern village despite a nationwide effort to contain the virus. The discovery prompted authorities to destroy about 370,000 birds.
    (AP, 11/4/05)
2005        Nov 4, Gunfire echoed sporadically around Addis Ababa for a fourth day as reports emerged that unrest had spread beyond the capital, a development likely to deepen international concern for Ethiopia's stability.
    (Reuters, 11/4/05)
2005        Nov 4, Small, mobile groups of youths hit Paris' riot-shaken suburbs with waves of arson attacks, torching hundreds of cars, as unrest entered its 2nd week and spread to other towns.
    (AP, 11/4/05)
2005        Nov 4, Sunni-led insurgents killed 11 Iraqi security forces and wounded 14 in two separate attacks, as Shiites began celebrating a major Muslim holiday.
    (AP, 11/4/05)
2005        Nov 4, In Pakistan Pres. Musharraf suspended the purchase of 77 US fighter planes saying the funds were urgently needed for rebuilding parts of northern Pakistan flattened by the Oct 8 earthquake.
    (WSJ, 11/5/05, p.A1)
2005        Nov 4, A ferry overloaded with people heading to a memorial for three drowned boaters capsized in the Arabian Sea off southern Pakistan, killing about 60 people.
    (AP, 11/4/05)
2005        Nov 4, Spain's Supreme Court sentenced pro-Basque independence leader Arnaldo Otegi to a year in prison for slandering King Juan Carlos by saying he was in charge of torturers.
    (AP, 11/4/05)
2005        Nov 4, Victor Hettigoda, a wealthy Sri Lankan presidential candidate, said he will use his personal fortune to buy a cow for every home if he is elected in the Nov 17 elections.
    (AP, 11/7/05)
2005        Nov 4, South Africa's former deputy president was indicted on a corruption charge in a scandal involving his financial adviser and two French arms companies. Jacob Zuma, who had been seen as President Thabo Mbeki's successor, was fired in June after being implicated in the scandal involving his financial adviser and friend, Schabir Shaik.
    (AP, 11/5/05)
2005        Nov 4, Vietnam confirmed bird flu outbreaks in three communes north of Hanoi.
    (AFP, 11/4/05)

2005        Nov 5, The New York Times reported that a UN auditing board has recommended the United States pay as much as 208 million dollars to Iraq for overbilling or shoddy work performed by a subsidiary of the US oil services firm Halliburton.
    (AFP, 11/5/05)
2005        Nov 5, US industry officials said the US and China have reached a tentative agreement to limit imports of Chinese clothing and textile products into the United States.
    (AP, 11/5/05)
2005        Nov 5, Louisiana Gov. Kathleen Blanco slashed state spending by $431 million, but still faced a half a billion shortfall due to Hurricane Katrina.
    (SSFC, 11/6/05, p.A7)
2005        Nov 5, Earl Krugel (62), Jewish Defense League activist, was killed at the Federal Correctional Inst. In Phoenix, Az. He had been imprisoned for his role in a 2001 plot to bomb a California mosque and the office of Lebanese American congressman Darrell Issa.
    (SSFC, 11/6/05, p.A8)
2005        Nov 5, Link Wray (b.1929), North Carolina-born rock guitar master, died in Denmark. His hits included the 1958 instrumental “Rumble" and 1959 “Rawhide." Wray was three-quarters Shawnee and was said to have inspired many other rock musicians.
    (SFC, 11/22/05, p.B4)
2005        Nov 5, Leaders from across the Americas ended their tumultuous 2-day summit in Mar del Plata, Argentina, without agreeing to restart talks on a US-favored free trade zone stretching from Alaska to Chile. 5 of 34 participating countries thwarted the Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA). They included Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay, Paraguay, and Venezuela.
    (AP, 11/6/05)(SSFC, 11/6/05, p.A15)
2005        Nov 5, Three Bahraini men returned home after being released from the US military detention facility at Guantanamo Bay. Bahraini authorities vowed to keep pressing Washington to free three remaining detainees.
    (AP, 11/5/05)
2005        Nov 5, John Fowles (b.1926), English novelist, died at his home in Lyme Regis, Dorset. His books included "The Collector" (1963), “The Magus" (1965) and “The French Lieutenant's Woman" (1969). Volume I of his journals (1949-1965) was published in May. Volume II (1966-1990) was published in 2006.
    (SFC, 11/8/05, p.B5)(Econ, 11/19/05, p.92)(SSFC, 10/29/06, p.M1)
2005        Nov 5, More than 50,000 people flocked to the opening day of a racy sex festival in southern China in a sign the conservative nation is shedding its sexual taboos. The three-day event began in the southern province of Guangzhou. It featured lingerie shows and adult toy exhibitions as experts and local authorities sought to convey information about the dangers of unsafe sex.
    (AFP, 11/7/05)
2005        Nov 5, In Colombia police seized more than 2 tons of cocaine hidden on a beach on the Caribbean coast and arrested five suspected traffickers who were apparently preparing to load the drugs aboard a speedboat bound for Central America or Mexico.
    (AP, 11/6/05)
2005        Nov 5, In northern Ethiopia 2 people were reported killed after a fifth day of political unrest that has shaken confidence in the vast African nation's stability.
    (AP, 11/5/05)
2005        Nov 5, In France marauding youths torched nearly 900 vehicles, stoned paramedics and burned a nursery school in a ninth night of violence that spread from Paris suburbs to towns around France. Authorities arrested more than 250 people overnight.
    (AP, 11/5/05)
2005        Nov 5, American and Iraqi forces launched a major offensive, Operation Steel Curtain, near the porous Syrian border aimed at destroying al-Qaida in Iraq's ability to smuggle foreign fighters, money and equipment through the region.
    (AP, 11/5/05)(SSFC, 11/13/05, p.A1)
2005        Nov 5, Israeli archaeologists said they have discovered what may be the oldest Christian church in the Holy Land on the grounds of a prison near the biblical site of Armageddon. The Israeli Antiquities Authority said the ruins are believed to date back to the third or fourth centuries and include references to Jesus and images of fish, an ancient Christian symbol.
    (AP, 11/5/05)
2005        Nov 5, In northwestern Pakistan suspected militants set off a blast while making bombs at their compound, killing at least eight people, including a woman and three children.
    (AP, 11/5/05)
2005        Nov 5, Philippine security forces captured a man they believed was Radulan Sahiron, Abu Sayyaf's chief of staff, in Zamboanga Sibugay province, however it turned out to be a case of mistaken identity. Sahiron was also wanted by the US for attacks against Americans.
    (AP, 11/5/05)(AP, 11/6/05)
2005        Nov 5, The cruise ship MV Seaborn Spirit, carrying at least 600 tourists from Europe, narrowly escaped seizure by gunmen off the pirate-infested Somali coast when it sped off to the high seas amid a trail of gunfire. At least 23 hijackings and attempted seizures have been recorded off the Somalia coastline since mid-March, according to the International Maritime Bureau (IMB), which has warned ships to stay as far away from the coast as possible and keep radio communication to the minimal.
    (AFP, 11/5/05)
2005        Nov 5, In South Korea China-controlled Ssangyong Motor sacked its president after the company fell into the red in the first half of this year. So Jin-Kwan was dismissed as company president and replaced by Choi Hyung-Tak, a company executive.
    (AP, 11/5/05)
2005        Nov 5, Collin Lee (67), a British aid worker, was shot and killed when rebels from Uganda's notorious Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) ambushed him while on his way to a southern Sudanese town.
    (AP, 11/7/05)

2005        Nov 6, In a clear jab at Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez, President Bush, in Brazil, called on Latin Americans to boldly defend strong democratic institutions.
    (AP, 11/6/06)
2005        Nov 6, Paul Tergat of Kenya won the NYC marathon by a third of a second in the closest finish ever. Jelena Prokopcuka of Latvia took the women’s race.
    (WSJ, 11/7/05, p.A1)
2005        Nov 6, In SF the annual Veteran’s Day Parade was held on Market St.
    (SFC, 11/7/05, p.B1)
2005        Nov 6, The Intelligent Transport Systems World Congress opened in SF for a 5-day meeting and demonstration of new products.
    (SFC, 11/7/05, p.A1)
2005        Nov 6, A tornado ripped across southwestern Indiana and northern Kentucky, killing at least 22 people, wrecking homes and knocking out power to thousands.
    (AP, 11/6/05)(WSJ, 11/7/05, p.A1)
2005        Nov 6, The head of Azerbaijan's ruling party declared victory in a parliamentary election, with 63 seats. Azerbaijan's president pledged parliamentary elections would be followed by further democratic reform, but his political opponents alleged there were voting violations that could taint the results.
    (AP, 11/6/05)(Reuters, 11/6/05)(Econ, 11/12/05, p.55)
2005        Nov 6 Former Peruvian President Alberto Fujimori was arrested, hours after he defied an international arrest warrant and flew from Japan to Chile. Shortly after Fujimori's presence in Chile was confirmed, the Peruvian government asked Santiago to arrest him while a request for his extradition was filed.
    (AP, 11/7/05)
2005        Nov 6, China said it had asked the World Health Organization to help it determine whether the death of a 12-year-old girl last month was caused by bird flu.
    (AP, 11/6/05)
2005        Nov 6, In northern China an explosion at a coal mine killed 13 miners and left three missing at the Taiping Colliery in Shanxi province's Qingxu County.
    (AP, 11/6/05)
2005        Nov 6, In northern China a cave-in at a gypsum mine killed 27 workers and trapped 20 others. The mine collapse occurred in Xingtai, a city in Hebei province, and affected two other nearby mines.
    (AP, 11/7/05)
2005        Nov 6, The EU and US urged Ethiopia to end its crackdown on independent journalists and release opposition leaders detained during a week of bloody clashes between demonstrators and police.
    (AP, 11/7/05)
2005        Nov 6, French President Jacques Chirac called a security meeting of his top ministers after urban rioting spread, with arsonists striking from the Mediterranean to the German border and into central Paris for the first time. On the 10th night of mayhem, some 1,300 vehicles were torched across France overnight and 349 people were arrested.
    (AP, 11/6/05)(AFP, 11/6/05)
2005        Nov 6, Adan Castillo, Guatemala's top anti-narcotics investigator, said he plans to step down in December, after just six months on the job. Castillo said his country's anti-drug agents are no match for some 4,000 smugglers operating in Guatemala.
    (AP, 11/6/05)
2005        Nov 6, India’s Sikh PM Singh and Hindu nationalist opposition leader joined to open Swaminarayan Akshardham Temple in New Delhi, one of the biggest Hindu temples of modern times, a $45 million pink sandstone shrine to religious tolerance.
    (AP, 11/6/05)
2005        Nov 6, Iran said it supported a stable Iraq and called for expediting the construction of an oil pipeline and railway between the two neighbors.
    (AP, 11/6/05)
2005        Nov 6, Dozens of people fled Husaybah, an Iraqi town on the Syrian border, during a lull in fighting between 3,500 US and Iraqi troops and suspected al-Qaida insurgents armed with Kalashnikov rifles and rocket-propelled grenades.
    (AP, 11/6/05)
2005        Nov 6, Myanmar’s military junta began moving key ministries to Pyinmana, a secret location in the mountains and dense forest. The ruling junta had shifted headquarters to a series of underground bunkers in Pyinmana, in central Myanmar.
    (Econ, 7/23/05, p.24)(WSJ, 11/7/05, p.A18)
2005        Nov 6, Gunmen in Mogadishu threw grenades and a land mine exploded near the convoy carrying Somalia's PM Ali Mohamed Gedi, but the leader escaped unharmed. At least two people were killed and 12 wounded in the attack.
    (AP, 11/6/05)

2005        Nov 7, President Bush met with Panamanian President Martin Torrijos in Panama City, Panama, where they discussed a free trade agreement. President Bush, in Panama, defended US interrogation practices and called the treatment of terrorism suspects lawful, saying, "We do not torture."
    (AP, 11/7/05)(AP, 11/7/06)
2005        Nov 7, The Pentagon announced that 5 foreign terrorism suspects at the U.S. military prison in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, have been charged with war crimes and will face military trials, bringing to nine the number charged at Guantanamo to date.
    (AP, 11/8/05)
2005        Nov 7, A jury in Miami, Florida, found Luis Alavarez Renta, a powerful financier from the Dominican Republic, liable on 3 counts of racketeering and one count of fraudulent money transfer in a civil case stemming from his actions in the 2003 collapse of Banco Intercontinental, or Baninter.
    (WSJ, 11/9/05, p.A14)
2005        Nov 7, Oakland, Ca., pediatrician Zehra Attari went missing. On Dec 20 she was found in her car as it was pulled out of the Oakland estuary at the end of Grand St.
    (SFC, 12/22/05, p.B1)
2005        Nov 7, Fiat SpA and Ford Motor Co. said they had signed an agreement to collaborate on small cars, completing a deal to co-develop new models due in 2007 and 2008.
    (AP, 11/7/05)
2005        Nov 7, Grokster Ltd., a pioneering file-sharing service founded in 2001, shut down as part of a legal settlement with the music industry.
    (WSJ, 11/8/05, p.B1)
2005        Nov 7, TV networks struck deals with cable and satellite providers allowing viewers to watch popular shows anytime they want for 99 cents per episode.
    (WSJ, 11/8/05, p.A1)
2005        Nov 7, The Int’l. Energy Agency (IEA) projected growth in Middle East and North Africa Oil and Natural Gas Sectors through 2030 with enough oil in the ground to meet expected demand beyond 2030.
    (Econ, 11/12/05, p.69)
2005        Nov 7, Azerbaijan's opposition rejected the results of weekend parliamentary elections, calling them rigged and vowing to overturn the outcome of voting that foreign observers said fell short of international standards.
    (AP, 11/7/05)
2005        Nov 7, At least 70 people were missing after a ferry capsized in the Bay of Bengal while sailing to Chittagong port in Bangladesh from a nearby island.
    (AP, 11/7/05)
2005        Nov 7, Chinese authorities ordered all live poultry markets in Beijing to close immediately and went door-to-door seizing chickens and ducks from private homes, as the government dramatically beefed up its fight against bird flu.
    (AP, 11/7/05)
2005        Nov 7, The EU agreed to monitor a Gaza-Egypt border crossing that serves as the main gate to the world for Palestinians.
    (AP, 11/7/05)
2005        Nov 7, EU foreign ministers agreed to launch a three-year police training mission to help the Palestinian Authority build up a new "sustainable and effective" police force.
    (AP, 11/7/05)
2005        Nov 7, Rioting by French youths spread to 300 towns overnight, and a 61-year-old man hurt in the violence died of his wounds, the first fatality in 11 days of unrest.
    (AP, 11/7/05)
2005        Nov 7, India and Pakistan opened their frontier in Kashmir for earthquake relief, but police had to fire tear gas to disperse protesters who were banned from taking part in the symbolic crossing.
    (AP, 11/7/05)
2005        Nov 7, India's foreign minister was stripped of his post over allegations that he benefited illegally from the UN oil-for-food program in Iraq, becoming the first political casualty of an independent report that revealed massive corruption in the effort to help Iraqis suffering under sanctions.
    (AP, 11/7/05)
2005        Nov 7, Nirbhay Singh Gujjar (64), one of India's most dreaded and colorful bandits, was shot to death by police in the forests of central India, ending a nearly three-decade career in crime that included murders, kidnappings and looting.
    (AP, 11/8/05)
2005        Nov 7, Iraqi and US battled insurgents house to house, the third day of an assault against al-Qaida-led insurgents in a town near the Syrian border. US military said one Marine and at least 36 insurgents had died in the assault.
    (AP, 11/7/05)(WSJ, 11/8/05, p.A1)
2005        Nov 7, A suicide bomber blew up his vehicle at a checkpoint south of Baghdad and killed four American soldiers. The US command also announced five soldiers from the elite 75th Ranger Regiment were charged with kicking and punching Iraqi detainees.
    (AP, 11/7/05)(SFC, 11/8/05, p.A3)
2005        Nov 7, Thousands of Moroccans marched through central Casablanca to demand the release of 2 Moroccan Embassy employees in Iraq who al-Qaida has threatened to kill.
    (AP, 11/7/05)
2005        Nov 7, A section of a bridge under construction in southern Spain collapsed on workers, killing at least five of them.
    (AP, 11/7/05)
2005        Nov 7, In Thailand at least three people were killed, two others injured and dozens of suspected Muslim insurgents arrested as militants attacked more than 20 government targets in the southern Yala province.
    (AP, 11/8/05)
2005        Nov 7, Police in Trinidad arrested Yasin Abu Bakr (64),  an Islamic leader whose group stormed Parliament 15 years ago and took the prime minister and his Cabinet hostage.
    (AP, 11/11/05)
2005        Nov 7, The United Nations elected five judges -- from the United States, Morocco, Mexico, New Zealand and Russia -- to the prestigious World Court, the highest judicial authority of the world body.
    (AP, 11/8/05)
2005        Nov 7, Uruguay launched a set of tax overhauls aimed to make it harder for neighboring Argentines and other foreigners to use the country as a tax haven. It was hoped to have the structure for a modern tax system in place by 2007.
    (WSJ, 11/9/05, p.A14)

2005        Nov 8, The US State Department issued its 7th annual report to Congress on religious freedom. It cited Burma, China, Eritrea, Iran, North Korea, Saudi Arabia, Sudan and Vietnam as restricting religious freedom.
    (AP, 11/8/05)
2005        Nov 8, The US Supreme Court ruled that slaughterhouse workers should receive pay for time spent donning protective gear and heading to the floor.
    (WSJ, 11/9/05, p.A1)
2005        Nov 8, Democrats cleaned up big in off-year elections from New Jersey to California. Democratic Sen. Jon Corzine easily won the New Jersey governor's seat after an expensive, mudslinging campaign, trouncing Republican Doug Forrester by 10 percentage points.
    (AP, 11/9/05)
2005        Nov 8, California voters rejected Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger's efforts to reshape state government during a special election that darkened his prospects for a second term.
    (AP, 11/9/05)(SFC, 11/9/05, p.A1)
2005        Nov 8, The Kansas Board of Education voted 6-4 that students will be expected to study doubts about Darwinian evolutionary theory.
    (SFC, 11/9/05, p.A3)
2005        Nov 8, Maine voted to preserve the state's new gay-rights law.
    (AP, 11/9/05)
2005        Nov 8, In Hillsdale, Michigan, unofficial results showed that Michael Sessions (18) got 732 votes, compared with 668 for Mayor Doug Ingles (51). Once his victory is certified and he's sworn in - the ceremony is set for Nov. 21 - he may be the youngest mayor in the USA.
    (USAT, 11/10/05)
2005        Nov 8, GOP Mayor Michael Bloomberg easily clinched a second term in heavily Democratic New York.
    (AP, 11/9/05)
2005        Nov 8, In Ohio Cincinnati voters elected a black mayor for the first time. State Sen. Mark Mallory defeated Councilman David Pepper, both Democrats, in a nonpartisan mayoral runoff.
    (AP, 11/9/05)
2005        Nov 8, Pennsylvania voters came down hard on school board members who backed a statement on intelligent design being read in biology class, ousting eight Republicans and replacing them with Democrats who want the concept stripped from the science curriculum.
    (AP, 11/9/05)
2005        Nov 8, SF voters rejected Prop B, which would have allowed $208 million in general obligation bonds for street and sidewalk improvements; Prop A passed for capital improvements in the SF Community College District; Prop H won making it illegal for city residents to possess handguns; Prop F won ending rotating closure of firehouses. Phil Ting, incumbent Assessor-Recorder, won his election bid. In 2008 an Appeals court agreed with 2006 ruling that local governments have no authority under California law to prevent people from owning pistols.
    (SFC, 11/9/05, p.B3)(SFC, 1/10/08, p.B3)
2005        Nov 8, A federal judge ordered a halt to 1983 court-ordered supervision over SF desegregation policies. The ruling left school assignments in the hands of the SF School Board.
    (SFC, 11/9/05, p.B1)
2005        Nov 8, In Jacksboro, Tennessee, Ken Bartley Jr. (15) shot to death assistant principal Ken Bruce and wounded 2 other school officials with a handgun at Campbell County Comprehensive High School. On April 10, 2007, Bartley pleaded guilty to one count of second-degree murder and two counts of attempted second-degree murder, and was sentenced to 45 years in prison.
    (AP, 11/9/05)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Campbell_County_High_School_(Tennessee))
2005        Nov 8, Texas voters overwhelmingly approved a constitutional ban on gay marriage.
    (AP, 11/9/05)
2005        Nov 8, Democratic Lt. Gov. Tim Kaine won a solid victory in GOP-leaning Virginia, beating Republican Jerry Kilgore by more than 5 percentage points.
    (AP, 11/9/05)
2005        Nov 8, Bill O’Reilly, vented exasperation on his “The Radio Factor" at 2 measures in the process of being approved by SF voters: a ban on handgun ownership and a ban on military recruitment in public schools. 
    (SFC, 11/12/05, p.B1)
2005        Nov 8, Bartolo Colon won the American League Cy Young Award.
    (AP, 11/8/06)
2005        Nov 8, David Westheimer, American novelist, died in California. His books included “Von Ryan’s Express" (1964), which was made into a 1965 film, and “My Sweet Charlie" (1965), which was produced on Broadway in 1966.
    (SFC, 11/12/05, p.B5)
2005        Nov 8, The first five-star hotel opened in Kabul, Afghanistan, part of a construction boom that is changing the face of the capital nearly 4 years after the ouster of the Taliban.
    (AP, 11/8/05)
2005        Nov 8, Police in Australia arrested 17 suspects in a string of raids and said they had foiled a major terror attack. Algerian-born Abdul Nacer Benbrika, a prominent radical Muslim cleric, was among those arrested after the government strengthened laws to detain those in the early stages of planning terror acts following the London transport bombings in July.
    (AP, 11/7/05)(AP, 10/25/10)
2005        Nov 8, Azerbaijan's election commission annulled the results of the weekend parliamentary vote in two districts and ordered a recount in another, while the ruling party claimed victory.
    (AP, 11/8/05)
2005        Nov 8, Chinese President Hu Jintao arrived in Britain for a 3-day state visit that will include a banquet dinner with Queen Elizabeth II and trade talks with PM Tony Blair. Jintao faced protests from human rights campaigners upon his arrival in London.
    (AP, 11/8/05)
2005        Nov 8, The EU said Morocco will join its Galileo satellite navigation program, becoming the first African nation to participate in the project that aims to rival the US' GPS system.
    (AP, 11/8/05)
2005        Nov 8, President Jacques Chirac declared a state of emergency, paving the way for curfews to be imposed on riot-hit cities and towns in an extraordinary measure to halt France's worst civil unrest in decades after 12 nights of violence.
    (AP, 11/8/05)
2005        Nov 8, Haiti's police chief said 14 police officers will face charges for their alleged involvement in the Aug 20 slayings of at least 11 civilians at a soccer game.
    (AP, 11/8/05)
2005        Nov 8, Iraqi Pres. Jalal Talabani met with Italian Premier Silvio Berlusconi, a strong supporter of the US-led war in Iraq. Talabani is on a weeklong visit to Italy, which includes talks with the country's top officials and a meeting at the Vatican with Pope Benedict XVI.
    (AP, 11/8/05)
2005        Nov 8, Three gunmen in a speeding car killed a defense lawyer in the Saddam Hussein trial and wounded another, raising doubts whether Iraqis can conduct such a sensitive prosecution in the midst of insurgency and domestic turmoil.
    (AP, 11/8/05)
2005        Nov 8, Israel's rescue service welcomed a proposal by the international Red Cross to introduce a new emblem that will pave the way for Israel's inclusion into the lifesaving organization.
    (AP, 11/8/05)
2005        Nov 8, A fleet of Japanese whaling ships left for the seas of Antarctica amid protests Tuesday, aiming to kill 850 minke whales, almost double last year's catch, and expand the hunt to fin whales for the first time.
    (AP, 11/8/05)
2005        Nov 8, Liberia held runoff elections.
    (AP, 11/8/05)
2005        Nov 8, One month after South Asia's Oct. 8 earthquake, the estimated death toll shot up sharply to 87,350 following a new count of Pakistan's casualties.
    (AP, 11/8/05)
2005        Nov 8, Callixte Kalimanzira (52), a suspected leader of Rwanda's 1994 genocide, surrendered in Tanzania to the international court trying the architects of the slaughter.
    (AP, 11/8/05)
2005        Nov 8, Tibet's spiritual leader the Dalai Lama spoke in Washington DC and accused the Chinese authorities of imposing "very, very repressive" policies in his Himalayan territory.
    (AP, 11/8/05)
2005        Nov 8, The UN Security Council voted unanimously to extend the mandate of the nearly 180,000-strong multinational force in Iraq for a year, a move the United States called a significant signal of international commitment to Iraq's political transition.
    (AP, 11/8/05)
2005        Nov 8, Vietnam, the country hit hardest by bird flu, reported its 42nd death, which occurred Oct 29, raising the toll in Asia to at least 63. The Swiss maker of Tamiflu said it had stopped selling the antiviral drug in China and was turning over supplies to the government.
    (AP, 11/8/05)
2005        Nov 8, President Robert Mugabe told the US ambassador to Zimbabwe to "go to hell," after the envoy blamed the country's economic and political crisis on mismanagement and corrupt rule. Police detained several trade union leaders and were out in force ahead of planned demonstrations to protest worsening living conditions in Zimbabwe.
    (AP, 11/8/05)

2005        Nov 9, Carolina's Erik Cole became the first player in NHL history to be awarded two penalty shots in one game. Cole scored on the first, helping the Hurricanes defeat Buffalo 5-3.
    (AP, 11/9/06)
2005        Nov 9, US oil executives testified before Congress that their huge profits were justified, but got a skeptical reaction from lawmakers.
    (AP, 11/9/06)
2005        Nov 9, Rebels killed seven police officers and abducted two after ambushing them on a road in southern Afghanistan. The bodies of two villagers, abducted 2 days earlier, were found beheaded.
    (AP, 11/10/05)
2005        Nov 9, Argentine prosecutors said a Hezbollah militant has been identified as the suicide bomber who flattened a Jewish community center in 1994, killing 85 people in Argentina's worst terrorist attack. Hussein Berro, a 21-year-old Lebanese citizen who "belonged to Hezbollah," was driving the van packed with explosives July 18, 1994. He was identified by friends and relatives in Detroit, Mich., from a photograph.
    (AP, 11/9/05)
2005        Nov 9, In Azerbaijan Pres. Ilham Aliev fired two regional governors for interfering with the count from last weekend's parliamentary elections.
    (AP, 11/10/05)
2005        Nov 9, Thousands of people rallied in Baku, Azerbaijan, to demand free elections, answering a call by the opposition movement following weekend parliamentary balloting that international observers said was flawed.
    (AP, 11/9/05)
2005        Nov 9, In Belgium over half a dozen fires were reported in several cities, including the capital of Brussels, in the 4th day of vandal attacks, most of which remained minor. No injuries were reported, and several people were taken into custody for questioning by police.
    (AP, 11/10/05)
2005        Nov 9, Britain’s House of Commons defeated a crucial provision of the government’s latest anti-terrorism bill, handing PM Tony Blair his 1st Commons defeat since he came to power.
    (SFC, 11/10/05, p.A12)
2005        Nov 9, In Canada Vancouver Mayor Philip Owen added his name to the list of those who believe that marijuana should be decriminalized.
    (Econ, 11/12/05, p.39)(www.cannabisnews.com/news/thread11310.shtml)
2005        Nov 9, Chinese President Hu Jintao met Prime Minister Tony Blair as business leaders signed $1.3 billion in contracts and human rights protesters demonstrated outside Blair's office.
    (AP, 11/9/05)
2005        Nov 9, Europe's first mission to Venus was successfully launched from the Baikonur cosmodrome in Kazakhstan and emitted a first signal at the start of its 163-day journey to the turbulent planet. The Venus Express aimed to arrive in April 2006.
    (AFP, 11/9/05)(Econ, 11/12/05, p.85)(Econ, 12/1/07, p.96)
2005        Nov 9, Egyptians cast ballots in their most robustly contested parliamentary election in more than 50 years, but no one expected the vote to unseat the long-dominant party of President Hosni Mubarak.
    (AP, 11/9/05)
2005        Nov 9, Ethiopia’s PM Meles Zenawi said that opposition leaders and newspaper editors under detention will face treason charges, which carry the death penalty in Ethiopia, for their alleged roles in protests last week in which at least 46 people were killed.
    (AP, 11/9/05)
2005        Nov 9, France's storm of rioting lost strength with a drop of nearly half in the number of car burnings. But looters and vandals still defied a state of emergency with attacks on stores, a newspaper warehouse and a subway station.
    (AP, 11/9/05)
2005        Nov 9, K.R. Narayanan (85), former president of India (1997-2002), died. He was the first "untouchable" from India's pernicious caste system to occupy the office in a validation of the nation's democratic roots.
    (AP, 11/9/05)(Econ, 11/26/05, p.100)
2005        Nov 9, Azahari bin Husin, one of southeast Asia's most-wanted terrorist suspects, was believed to have been killed when an elite Indonesian anti-terrorism unit stormed a suspected militant hideout on Java. He was accused of plotting a series of deadly bombings in Bali.
    (AP, 11/9/05)
2005        Nov 9, Muriel Degauque, a Belgian national married to a Moroccan man, detonated explosives strapped to her body in a failed attack against US troops.
    (AP, 12/01/05)
2005        Nov 9, An employee of the Sudanese embassy in Iraq was shot dead by armed men who opened fire on his car in the west of Baghdad.
    (AP, 11/9/05)
2005        Nov 9, Archeologists reported that 2 lines of an alphabet have been found inscribed in a stone in Israel, offering what some scholars say is the most solid evidence yet that the ancient Israelites were literate as early as the 10th century B.C. The stone was found in July, on the final day of a five-week dig at Tel Zayit, about 30 miles south of Tel Aviv.
    (AP, 11/10/05)
2005        Nov 9, Japanese electronics makers Toshiba Corp. and NEC Electronics Corp. announced they will jointly develop technology to produce next-generation semiconductors that are smaller, faster, more efficient and less costly.
    (AP, 11/9/05)
2005        Nov 9, Suicide bombers In Jordan carried out nearly simultaneous attacks on three U.S.-based hotels in the capital of Amman in what appeared to be an al-Qaida assault. 2 Americans were among at least 59 people killed and 115 wounded.
    (AP, 11/10/05)(WSJ, 11/11/05, p.A1)
2005        Nov 9, Mexico reported that consumer prices fell to a record low in October and that inflation was rapidly approaching the central bank’s target of 3%.
    (WSJ, 11/9/05, p.A15)
2005        Nov 9, Negotiators trying to persuade North Korea to give up its nuclear ambitions focused on the contentious details of how the North will disarm and what it will get in exchange, with the U.S. and North Korean delegations holding a separate meeting.
    (AP, 11/9/05)
2005        Nov 9, In Semdinli, Turkey, 2 government intelligence officers and a PKK informant were caught trying to blow up a bookshop owned by a PKK sympathizer. The affair was said to have been organized by the “deep state," a shadowy coalition of rogue officers and bureaucrats whose powers were being sapped by EU-inspired laws.
    (Econ, 4/15/06, p.54)(Econ, 1/27/07, p.52)

2005        Nov 10, The US Senate added an amendment to a Defense Dept. budget bill allowing the Bush administration discretionary power to treat accused terrorists according to its wishes by withdrawing their right to appeal their detention in the civilian justice system, a move that is worrying judicial experts.
    (AFP, 11/13/05)
2005        Nov 10, The US Postal Service honored 4 Marine heroes with commemorative stamps. They included Lt. Gen. Lewis “Chesty" Puller (1898-1971), Lt. Gen. John Lejeune (1867-1942), Sgt. Maj. Dan Daly (1873-1937) and Gunnery Sgt. John Basilone (1916-1945). The release coincided with the Marine Corps’ 230th anniversary.
    (www.medalofhonor.com/)(SSFC, 11/6/05, Par p.10)(SFC, 11/11/05, p.B3)
2005        Nov 10, The US Commerce Department reported that the deficit jumped to $66.1 billion in September, 11.4 percent higher than the $59.3 billion imbalance recorded in August.
    (AP, 11/10/05)
2005        Nov 10, Chris Carpenter of the St. Louis Cardinals won the National League Cy Young Award.
    (AP, 11/10/06)
2005        Nov 10, Fernando Bujones (b.1955), ballet virtuoso, died in Miami. In 1974 he won ballet’s gold medal at Varna, Bulgaria.
    (SFC, 11/12/05, p.B5)
2005        Nov 10, A Boeing Co. jet arrived in London from Hong Kong, breaking the record for the longest nonstop flight by a commercial jet. The journey of more than 13,422 miles broke the previous record, when a Boeing 747-400 flew 10,500 miles from London to Sydney in 1989.
    (AP, 11/11/05)
2005        Nov 10, China reported that its trade surplus surged to $12 billion in October, the highest monthly total this year, as exports continued to outpace imports.
    (AP, 11/10/05)
2005        Nov 10, Authorities in China said they have quarantined 116 people in northeastern Liaoning province after two new outbreaks of bird flu there.
    (AP, 11/10/05)
2005        Nov 10, Egypt's ruling party secured the most seats in the first stage of parliamentary balloting, but the banned Muslim Brotherhood made its mark as well, sending 42 candidates to run-off elections.
    (AP, 11/10/05)
2005        Nov 10, Violence in France fell sharply overnight after the government toughened its stance by imposing emergency measures and ordering deportations of foreigners involved in riots that have raged for two weeks. The national police said 8 French police officers had been suspended for their suspected role in the beating of a young man in a Paris suburb.
    (AP, 11/10/05)
2005        Nov 10, Senior officials said the US and Europe are ready to compromise with Iran over its nuclear program and have tentatively approved a plan that would allow it to make the gas used in producing enriched uranium.
    (AP, 11/10/05)
2005        Nov 10, Iraqi President Jalal Talabani met with Pope Benedict XVI amid tight security that closed down the main boulevard leading to the Vatican.
    (AP, 11/10/05)
2005        Nov 10, In Iraq 2 suicide bombers blew themselves up in a restaurant frequented by police, killing 35 people and seriously injuring 25. A car bomb killed seven army recruits in Saddam Hussein's hometown of Tikrit.
    (AP, 11/10/05)(AP, 11/11/05)
2005        Nov 10, In western Iraq 3 American troops were killed, including one along the Syrian border during a major push to take control of the frontier from insurgents. US forces raided an insurgent cell responsible for suicide bombings in which seven men were killed, including one wearing a vest loaded with explosives.
    (AP, 11/11/05)
2005        Nov 10, A UN agency said thousands of contaminated industrial and military sites left over from wars in Iraq must urgently be cleaned up to stop them from further harming people's health and the environment.
    (AP, 11/10/05)
2005        Nov 10, After Jordanians took to the streets to call for terror leader Abu Musab al-Zarqawi  to "burn in hell,"  an al-Qaida manifesto said the Grand Hyatt, the Radisson SAS and the Days Inn, were used by NATO as a rear base "from which the convoys of the crusaders and the renegades head back and forth to the land of Iraq where Muslims are killed and their blood is shed."
    (AP, 11/10/05)
2005        Nov 10, A senior official said Kuwait has detected two cases of bird flu in birds but it was not clear if the virus strain was the deadly version that has devastated poultry in Asia.
    (AP, 11/10/05)
2005        Nov 10, In Liberia Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf, a former finance minister and Harvard graduate, edged closer to becoming Africa's first elected female leader, while her soccer star opponent alleged fraud in the presidential runoff. With 80% of votes counted, Johnson-Sirleaf had 58% and her opponent, George Weah, had 42%.
    (AP, 11/10/05)
2005        Nov 10, Mexican prosecutors announced they have filed kidnapping and organize crime charges against seven police officers accused of protecting hit men working for the feared Tijuana-based Arellano Felix drug cartel.
    (AP, 11/11/05)
2005        Nov 10, Talks on North Korea's nuclear programs turned sour as Pyongyang demanded that Washington lift sanctions against firms suspected of weapons proliferation and stop accusing the North of counterfeiting U.S. money.
    (AP, 11/10/05)
2005        Nov 10, Russia captured the world chess team championship with a last-minute, come-from-behind victory over the surprised Chinese team.
    (AP, 11/11/05)
2005        Nov 10, In South Africa the southern hemisphere's largest single optical telescope with the power to study the most distant galaxies was inaugurated. The giant eye in the sky, that took five years to build, cost $20 million.
    (AP, 11/10/05)

2005        Nov 11, President Bush strongly rebuked congressional critics of his Iraq war policy, accusing them of being "deeply irresponsible."
    (AP, 11/11/06)
2005        Nov 11, A new poll said most Americans say they aren't impressed by the ethics and honesty of the Bush administration, already under scrutiny for its justifications for an unpopular war in Iraq and its role in the leak of a covert CIA officer's identity.
    (AP, 11/11/05)
2005        Nov 11, Students in Kalamazoo, Mich., learned that an anonymous group of benefactors will offer scholarships for at least the next 13 years to nearly all Kalamazoo high school graduates, good at any of Michigan’s public universities or colleges.
    (SFC, 11/12/05, p.A2)
2005        Nov 11, Scientists reported the discovery of an appetite suppressing hormone, obestatin, that counters the appetite boosting hormone ghrelin.
    (SFC, 11/11/05, p.A7)
2005        Nov 11, A scientific partnership in high-tech cloning between US and South Korean researchers broke up over the ethics of obtaining human egg cells.
    (WSJ, 11/14/05, p.B1)
2005        Nov 11, It was reported that a rare 1,400-pound meteorite was recently discovered seven feet underground in southern Kansas by Steve Arnold of Kingston, Ark., in an area long known for producing prized space rocks.
    (AP, 11/11/05)
2005        Nov 11, Peter Drucker (b.1909), Austria-born management visionary, died in California. His 39 books included “The Effective Executive" (1966). In 2007 Elizabeth Haas Edersheim authored “The Definitive Drucker."
    (SFC, 11/12/05, p.B5)(WSJ, 11/14/05, p.B1)(WSJ, 2/28/07, p.D9)
2005        Nov 11, In Afghanistan militants pulled Namatullah Yusuf Zai, a deputy provincial governor, from his car and shot him dead. Militants also killed a former district chief while he prayed in a mosque in Helmand province.
    (AP, 11/12/05)
2005        Nov 11, In  Afghanistan a Pakistani-owned plane carrying cargo for the US-led coalition crashed into mountains near Kabul, killing at least eight people.
    (AP, 11/11/05)
2005        Nov 11, In an elaborate, nationally televised gala at a Beijing sports arena to mark the 1,000-day countdown until the Games, senior Chinese leaders introduced their Olympic mascots: cartoon renditions of a panda, fish, Tibetan antelope, swallow and the Olympic flame, each one the color of one of the Olympic rings.
    (AP, 11/11/05)
2005        Nov 11, In Beijing the US and North Korea urged each other to make concessions as a round of six-nation talks aimed at ending the North's nuclear programs concluded with no sign of progress or a date to meet again.
    (AP, 11/11/05)
2005        Nov 11, Colombia's highest court approved a law that clears the way for popular President Alvaro Uribe to run for a second term next year.
    (AP, 11/11/05)
2005        Nov 11, In Colombia a man in a wheelchair who hijacked a Colombian airliner using hand grenades was sentenced to eight years of house arrest.
    (AP, 11/11/05)
2005        Nov 11, Forces tightened security in central Paris, stationing riot police and bomb squads along the Champs-Elysees as more than two weeks of arson and vandalism persisted near the French capital.
    (AP, 11/11/05)
2005        Nov 11, Germany's biggest political parties reached a deal to form a coalition government, sealing an accord that makes Angela Merkel the nation's first female chancellor.
    (AP, 11/11/05)
2005        Nov 11, Automaker DaimlerChrysler AG ended its ill-fated involvement with Japan's Mitsubishi Motors Co., selling its 12.4 percent stake in the company to Goldman Sachs for an undisclosed price.
    (AP, 11/11/05)
2005        Nov 11, US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, on a surprise visit to Iraq, pressed for unity among the country's religious factions. In Baghdad gunmen opened fire on the compound of the Embassy of Oman, killing two people and wounding two others. 3 Iraqi police officers were killed when their vehicle was ambushed near Baqouba, 35 miles northeast of Baghdad.
    (AP, 11/11/05)(AP, 11/11/06)
2005        Nov 11, Al-Qaida in Iraq claimed that four Iraqis, including a husband and wife, carried out the Nov 9 suicide bombings against three Amman hotels, and police arrested 120 Jordanians and Iraqis in the hunt for anyone who might have aided them.
    (AP, 11/11/05)
2005        Nov 11, An Internet report said Izzat Ibrahim al-Douri, the highest ranking leader still at-large from Saddam Hussein's regime, died. The report was not validated.
    (AP, 11/12/05)(AP, 11/13/05)
2005        Nov 11, An Italian prosecutor said that the Milan prosecutor's office has asked for the extradition of 22 purported CIA operatives in the kidnapping of an Egyptian cleric in 2003.
    (AP, 11/11/05)
2005        Nov 11, An Italian newspaper reported that a long-awaited Vatican document, to be released Nov 29, says practicing gays, those with "deeply rooted" homosexual tendencies or those who support gay culture cannot be admitted to the priesthood.
    (AP, 11/11/05)
2005        Nov 11, The Japanese government announced that Yoshifumi Nishikawa, the former president of Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corp., will lead preparation of the privatization of Japan's mammoth postal corporation. The privatization begins October 2007.
    (AP, 11/11/05)
2005        Nov 11, In Jordan Moustapha Akkad, the Syrian-born producer of the "Halloween" horror films, died from wounds sustained in the triple hotel bombings.
    (AP, 11/11/05)
2005        Nov 11, Police fired on a rally in Mombasa against Kenya's draft constitution, fatally wounding four men. Police broke up the rally because President Mwai Kibaki, who has supported the proposed constitution ahead of a referendum on Nov. 21, was visiting the port city at the time.
    (AP, 11/12/05)
2005        Nov 11, In Kuwait an agricultural official said the deadly strain of bird flu has been detected in a flamingo, the first known outbreak of the virus in the Gulf region.
    (AP, 11/11/05)
2005        Nov 11, Mexican agents arrested Ricardo Garcia Urquiza, a former medical student, who seized control of the remnants of the Juarez cartel.
    (AP, 11/21/05)
2005        Nov 11, In Morocco police arrested 17 members of a terrorist network, including two former prisoners at the U.S. base in Guantanamo, Cuba. At least some of the suspects were linked to al-Qaida in Iraq.
    (AP, 11/20/05)
2005        Nov 11, In Russia a senior prosecutor said Rasul Kudayev, who was held at the US military prison at Guantanamo Bay in Cuba, has been detained on suspicion of involvement in the Oct 13 attacks on police in southern Russia. He was said to have been involved in preparing and carrying out attacks on government and law enforcement offices in Nalchik.
    (AP, 11/11/05)
2005        Nov 11, The World Trade Organization (WTO) approved Saudi Arabia's bid to become the 149th member of the global group, winding up a 12-year negotiating process slowed by the country's participation in the Arab League boycott of Israel.
    (AP, 11/11/05)
2005        Nov 11, The Hague war crimes tribunal turned up the heat on Serbia, telling it to deliver top fugitive Ratko Mladic by the end of this year or face "excommunication."
    (Reuters, 11/11/05)
2005        Nov 11, Zimbabwean war veterans demanded that US ambassador Christopher Dell leave the country, accusing him of trying to cause unrest and threatening to demonstrate against him if he stays.
    (AP, 11/11/05)

2005        Nov 12, Tornadoes hit central Iowa and left one person dead.
    (SSFC, 11/13/05, p.A13)
2005        Nov 12, The results of Afghanistan's landmark legislative elections in September were finalized after eight weeks of counting slowed by allegations of fraud, and observers said supporters of President Hamid Karzai appeared to be in the majority.
    (AP, 11/12/05)
2005        Nov 12, Africa Union leaders from Algeria, Ethiopia, Ghana, Nigeria, South Africa and Senegal met in Abuja for a 2-day summit titled: "Africa and the challenges of the global order: Desirability of union government," with the leaders discussing the broad principles of integration.
    (AFP, 11/12/05)
2005        Nov 12, In Bahrain a US-backed Mideast democracy and development summit, the Forum for the Future, ended in rancor despite adoption of two initiatives that are part of President Bush's push to expand political freedom in a region dominated by monarchies and effective single-party rule. The organization was established in 2004 by the G8, several Western European countries and 22 Middle Eastern and North African nations to foster reform in the region.
    (AP, 11/12/05)(SSFC, 11/13/05, p.A3)
2005        Nov 12, In Dhaka, Bangladesh, a 2-day summit aimed to alleviate poverty and boost trade and cooperation among Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, the Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) leaders called for greater cooperation within the region to deal with the aftermath of disasters like the Kashmir earthquake and last year's devastating tsunami. SAARC agreed to accept Afghanistan as its 8th member.
    (AFP, 11/12/05)(Econ, 11/19/05, p.44)
2005        Nov 12, In Dhaka, Bangladesh, Nepal’s King Gyanendra, who sacked his elected government earlier this year, repeated a pledge to hold parliamentary elections in 2007 and urged his country's Maoist rebels to put down their arms.
    (AFP, 11/12/05)
2005        Nov 12, In Egypt hundreds of Sudanese refugees staging a sit-in outside UN offices in Cairo began a hunger strike to press their case for asylum.
    (AFP, 11/12/05)
2005        Nov 12, Ethiopia said it has released another 1,721 people detained in a massive round-up during clashes between police and protesters earlier this month which left at least 42 people dead.
    (AP, 11/13/05)
2005        Nov 12, Some 3,000 police fanned out around Paris to prevent any attempts to attack high-profile targets such as the Eiffel Tower after a 16th straight night of unrest and arson.
    (AP, 11/12/05)
2005        Nov 12, UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan met with Iraqi leaders to call for reconciliation ahead of upcoming elections.
    (AP, 11/12/05)
2005        Nov 12, At least four people were killed and 24 wounded when a car bomb exploded near a busy vegetable market in southeastern Baghdad.
    (AP, 11/12/05)
2005        Nov 12, In Iraq 2 U.S. Marines were killed in combat and an American soldier died in a vehicle accident.
    (AP, 11/13/05)
2005        Nov 12, Japan’s Hayabusa probe successfully released its Minerva surface-exploring robot, but Minerva appeared to start drifting away from the asteroid's surface. The space agency said it is targeting actual landings on the potato-shaped asteroid Itokawa on Nov. 19 and Nov. 25. The asteroid was named after Hideo Itokawa, founder of Japan’s space program. Hayabusa was the 1st spacecraft to use an ion engine as its main propulsion device.
    (AP, 11/13/05)(Econ, 11/26/05, p.94)
2005        Nov 12, Jordan's deputy premier said 3 "non-Jordanian" suicide bombers belonging to al-Qaida in Iraq carried out Amman's triple hotel attacks that killed at least 57 people.
    (AP, 11/12/05)
2005        Nov 12, In Kazakhstan Zamanbek Nurkadilov (61), an outspoken critic of President Nursultan Nazarbayev was found shot to death in his home.
    (AP, 11/13/05)
2005        Nov 12, North Korea stood by its demand for aid in exchange for shutting down a plutonium-producing nuclear reactor, saying it won't act until Washington offers concessions.
    (AP, 11/12/05)
2005        Nov 12, In Yemen masked attackers stabbed and wounded outspoken journalist Nabil Sabaie (27) on one of the capital's main streets. Newspapers in recent months have stepped up reports on Yemen's rampant corruption, identifying ministers and other officials allegedly involved in stealing state money. They also have increasingly scrutinized Pres. Saleh, his family and the country's powerful military.
    (AP, 11/28/05)

2005        Nov 13, Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, in Jerusalem, strongly rebuked Iran's leadership, saying "no civilized nation" can call for the annihilation of another, a reference to Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's remark that Israel should be "wiped off the map."
    (AP, 11/13/06)
2005        Nov 13, Time magazine picked South Korea’s Snuppy, the first cloned dog, as the most amazing invention of 2005. In Dec Dr. Hwang Woo Suk’s stem cell work was discredited and doubt was cast on the cloning of Snuppy.
    (AP, 11/13/05)(WSJ, 12/24/05, p.A1)
2005        Nov 13, It was reported that within days after Hurricane Katrina hit, Lily Duke managed to do what other relief agencies couldn't: get food and water to her neighbors in New Orleans. Since then she's expanded her network, distributing medicine, packaged lunches and bags of ice to as many as 20,000 people a day.
    (AP, 11/13/05)
2005        Nov 13, Koch Industries, a private conglomerate in Kansas, agreed to buy Georgia-Pacific for $13.2 billion, making it America’s biggest privately owned company.
    (Econ, 11/19/05, p.67)
2005        Nov 13, In Lititz, Pennsylvania, David G. Ludwig (18) killed 14-year-old Kara Beth Borden's parents, Michael F. and Cathryn Lee Borden, after they and their daughter argued about her curfew. David and Kara were arrested Nov 14 in Indiana following a police chase and crash. On June 14, 2006, Ludwig agreed to a plea deal and was sentenced to two terms of life imprisonment without chance of parole.
    (AP, 11/14/05)(SFC, 11/15/05, p.A10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_G._Ludwig)
2005        Nov 13, Vine Deloria Jr. (72), American Indian historian and activist, died.
    (AP, 11/13/06)
2005        Nov 13, Dorothy Law Nolte (b.1924), author of a famous parenting poem, died in California. In 1998 she authored “Children Learn What They Live," which expanded on her 1954 poem, originally written for the Torrance Herald.
    (SFC, 11/14/05, p.B3)
2005        Nov 13, Around 20,000 opposition supporters demonstrated on the outskirts of the Azeri capital Baku to demand that the government resign if it refuses to re-run parliamentary elections held a week ago.
    (AP, 11/13/05)
2005        Nov 13, In Bangladesh Indian PM Manmohan Singh told the closing session of the 13th South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation summit that Afghanistan is to join SAARC.
    (AFP, 11/13/05)
2005        Nov 13, Belgium said it registered its worst night in a week of attacks on vehicles apparently inspired by French events, with 29 cars, trucks and buses torched around the country.
    (AP, 11/13/05)
2005        Nov 13, In Belize Julia Armstrong Minard (20), daughter of the late Lawrence Minard, a former managing editor of Forbes magazine and founding editor of Forbes Global magazine, was found dead in the Mayan town of Indian Creek. Police on Nov 17 charged Agripo Ical (19) with killing Minard.
    (AP, 11/17/05)
2005        Nov 13, China's President Hu Jintao has arrived in Spain for the final leg of a European trip dominated by trade, but was again set to be dogged by protests over his country's human rights record.
    (AP, 11/13/05)
2005        Nov 13, In China's northeast a series of explosions at a chemical plant in Jilin, Xinhua, killed five people, left dozens hospitalized and forced more than 10,000 others to flee their homes fearing contamination and more blasts. Benzene leaked into the Songhua River and forced officials to close the water supply to Harbin. News of the leak was kept secret for days.
    (AP, 11/14/05)(AP, 11/25/05)
2005        Nov 13, In France police took 212 people into custody overnight. Rioters pelted police with stones in the historic heart of Lyon, and youths rammed a burning car into a center for retirees in southern France in a 17th night of urban violence. The French insurance industry estimated damages so far at $235 million including $23 million for damage to cars.
    (AP, 11/13/05)(SSFC, 11/13/05, p.A19)
2005        Nov 13, Indian police claimed a breakthrough in the Oct. 29 triple bombings in New Delhi after arresting an alleged Kashmiri conspirator, and said they have valuable information that could lead to the capture of four others, including the bombers.
    (AP, 11/13/05)
2005        Nov 13, Some 1,100 Iraqi lawyers issued a statement on withdrawing from Saddam Hussein's defense team, citing insufficient protection following the slayings of two peers representing co-defendants of the ousted Iraqi leader. Sunni Arab leaders demanded that U.S. and Iraqi troops suspend military operations in heavily Sunni areas, accusing the Shiite-led government of trying to divide the nation ahead of next month's legislative elections.
    (AP, 11/13/05)
2005        Nov 13, In Dublin, Ireland, 2 men wearing bulletproof vests were shot to death at point-blank range in what police said was the latest bloodshed in a five-year turf war between drug-dealing gangs. The attack raised to 18 the number of gun killings within Ireland's criminal underworld this year.
    (AP, 11/14/05)
2005        Nov 13, Jordanian security forces arrested Sajida Ubarak Atrous al-Rishawi (35), an Iraqi woman, whose husband is suspected of blowing up one of three Amman hotels. Al-Rishawi confessed on television to trying to blow herself up with her husband in one of the three Nov. 9 suicide attacks in Amman. This followed a tip off by an al-Qaida claim that a husband-and-wife team participated in the attacks that killed 57 other people. Her husband was Ali Hussein Ali Shamari. The 2 other bombers were identified as Rawad Jassem Mohammed Abed (23) and Safaa Mohammed Ali (23). The bombers were from Fallujah.
    (AP, 11/13/05)(SFC, 11/14/05, p.A3)
2005        Nov 13, In northeastern Pakistan a bus with 50 people on board plunged into a river gorge in the quake-stricken area.
    (AP, 11/13/05)
2005        Nov 13, Prince Saud al-Faisal, Saudi Arabia's foreign minister, said he is less worried that US policies in Iraq will bring on a civil war there, and pledged anew to contribute $1 billion for rebuilding that war-ravaged country's shattered infrastructure.
    (AP, 11/13/05)

2005        Nov 14, President Bush hurled new arguments against Iraq war critics as he headed for Asia, accusing some Democrats of "sending mixed signals to our troops and the enemy."
    (AP, 11/14/06)
2005        Nov 14, Alex Rodriguez of the New York Yankees won his second American League Most Valuable Player award in three seasons.
    (AP, 11/14/06)
2005        Nov 14, AOL and Warner Bros. announced plans to create a broadband network called In2TV to streamcast old TV shows beginning in early 2006. They planned 2 minutes of advertising for each half hour.
    (SFC, 11/15/05, p.C2)
2005        Nov 14, Host Marriott Corp. said it had agreed to pay about $4.04 billion to acquire a portfolio of 38 luxury and upscale hotels from Starwood Hotels and Resorts Worldwide Inc.
    (AP, 11/14/05)
2005        Nov 14, In Afghanistan 2 separate suicide attackers rammed cars laden with explosives into vehicles belonging to NATO-led peacekeepers in Kabul, killing at least one German soldier, 7 Afghans and wounding 11 other people.
    (AP, 11/14/05)(WSJ, 11/16/05, p.A1)
2005        Nov 14, President Ilham Aliev fired a third regional governor for alleged interference in Azerbaijan's parliamentary elections, reacting sternly to Western charges of voting irregularities.
    (AP, 11/14/05)
2005        Nov 14, In Bangladesh 2 senior assistant judges of lower courts were killed and four others, including the bomber himself, were injured in a bomb attack in the southern district of Jhalakati. In 2006 a court sentenced Siddiq ul Islam (aka Bangla Bhai) and Abdur Rahman to death by hanging for the bombing.
    (Econ, 6/3/06, p.40)
2005        Nov 14, Archbishop Geraldo do Espirito Santo Avila (76), the head of the Brazilian Archdiocese for the Military Services, died of cancer.
    (AP, 11/15/05)
2005        Nov 14, The Economist presented its annual awards to innovators in 7 categories. The winners were: Bioscience: Herbert Boyer, co-founder of Genentech, and Stanley Cohen, Stanford Prof. of Genetics; Computing and communications: Sergey Brin and Larry Page , co-founders of Google; Energy and the environment: Stanford Ovshinsky, president and chief scientist for Energy conversion Devices; Social and economic innovation: Victoria Hale, CEO of Institute for OneWorldHealth; Business process innovation: Alpheus Bingham, chairman of InnoCentive, an online forum for solution seekers; Consumer products: the iPod team at Apple Corp.; No boundaries: Fujio Masuoka, professor at Tohoku Univ. for the invention of flash memory.
    (Econ, 12/10/05, TQ p.15)
2005        Nov 14, Retired Gen. Manuel Contreras (79), the head of Chile's secret police under Gen. Augusto Pinochet, was sentenced to three years in prison for the 1976 killing of Julia Retamal, a teacher opposed to the dictator's regime. Contreras was already serving a 12-year sentence for a political killing.
    (AP, 11/15/05)
2005        Nov 14, China reported a new case of bird flu in poultry in the country's east, its ninth outbreak since Oct. 19.
    (AP, 11/14/05)
2005        Nov 14, It was reported that Liu Qibing, a trader handling Chinese strategic commodity reserves, had shorted some 100k to 200k tons of copper. Copper prices moved up in response.
    (Econ, 11/19/05, p.81)
2005        Nov 14, Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger arrived in China on a six-day mission to promote California products and encourage Chinese officials to crack down on the piracy of copyrighted music, movies and software.
    (AP, 11/14/05)
2005        Nov 14, Hundreds of Colombian television actors and workers marched through the streets to protest a proposed free trade deal with the US that they claim could hurt the local TV industry.
    (AP, 11/15/05)
2005        Nov 14, EU Council decision Nr. 2005/815/EB officially gave Vilnius, Lithuania, and Linz, Austria, status as a European Capital of Culture for the year 2009.
    (www.culturelive.lt/en/european_capitals_of_culture)
2005        Nov 14, The French government approved a bill to extend a state of emergency for 3 months, giving itself more policing tools to stop the country's worst civil unrest since the 1960s. Some 271 cars were burned overnight.
    (AP, 11/14/05)(SFC, 11/14/05, p.A10)
2005        Nov 14, Angela Merkel's Christian Democratic party overwhelmingly approved a coalition agreement with the Social Democrats that will make her Germany's first woman chancellor.
    (AP, 11/14/05)
2005        Nov 14, It was reported that India's top oil exploration firm, Oil & Natural Gas Corp., and the world's largest steel maker, the Netherlands-based Mittal Group, planned to build an oil refinery in Nigeria. They offered to invest another $6 billion in building a power plant and railroads there.
    (AP, 11/14/05)
2005        Nov 14, Iraqi and US troops, trying to stem the flow of insurgent fighters from Syria, launched a dawn assault on a border town killing some 50 militants. This continued Operation Steel curtain begun on Nov 5. Police in Baghdad said a car bomb detonated near one of their patrols outside a gate leading into the fortified Green Zone, killing two South Africans.
    (AP, 11/14/05)(SFC, 11/15/05, p.A3)
2005        Nov 14, Six people were killed and 30 wounded when a roadside bomb exploded near two coaches in the western Iraqi city of Ramadi.
    (Reuters, 11/14/05)
2005        Nov 14, A UN report said the Iraqi army and multinational forces violated international law during military operations in western Iraq last month by arresting doctors and occupying medical facilities.
    (AP, 11/14/05)
2005        Nov 14, Israeli troops killed Amjad Hanawi (34), a senior Hamas militant, during an early raid and arrest attempt in Nablus.
    (AP, 11/14/05)
2005        Nov 14, In Kashmir a gunbattle erupted in the main business district of Srinagar after Muslim militants attacked a police compound, killing two civilians and two soldiers and injuring six civilians.
    (AP, 11/14/05)
2005        Nov 14, Mexico said it will sever diplomatic ties with Venezuela if Pres. Chavez doesn't apologize for warning Mexican leader Vicente Fox: "Don't mess with me." Mexico and Venezuela called their ambassadors home in a sharp dispute between presidents Hugo Chavez and Vicente Fox over the latter's relations with Washington.
    (AP, 11/14/05)(AP, 11/15/05)
2005        Nov 14, In northern Nigeria 12 children were trampled to death as panicked pupils fled what they thought was a fire in their school at Kaduna.
    (AP, 11/15/05)
2005        Nov 14, Russia and Uzbekistan signed a far-reaching treaty opening the way for a Russian military deployment in the Central Asian nation that evicted U.S. forces and bristled at Western criticism of the brutal suppression of a May uprising.
    (AP, 11/15/05)
2005        Nov 14, It was reported that a consortium led by Saudi Arabia's Oger Telecom has signed a deal to take a majority stake in state-owned telecommunications company Turk Telekom, sealing Turkey's largest privatization worth 6.55 billion dollars. Oger Telecom, part of the Oger group owned by the family of slain former Lebanese PM Rafiq Hariri, had won the tender for the 55% stake in July, in partnership with Italian operator Telecom Italia.
    (AFP, 11/14/05)
2005        Nov 14, Spanish court officials said the National Court has received a prosecutor's report on allegations that the CIA used an airport on the Spanish island of Mallorca for a program of covert transfers of terror suspects. The 114-page report was submitted in July.
    (AP, 11/14/05)
2005        Nov 14, Sri Lanka awarded long-term resident and British science fiction writer Arthur C. Clarke its highest civilian award for his contributions to science and technology and his commitment to his adopted country.
    (AP, 11/14/05)
2005        Nov 14, Mudslides killed two fishermen and destroyed seven homes as heavy rains brought by a tropical depression overflowed river banks and made roads impassable in St. Vincent and the Grenadines.
    (AP, 11/15/05)
2005        Nov 14, In Tanzania Calixte Kalimanzira, a man who served as Rwanda's interior minister during the slaughter of more than half a million people in 1994, pleaded not guilty to three counts of genocide and crimes against humanity.
    (AP, 11/14/05)
2005        Nov 14,  In Uganda opposition leader Kizza Besigye was arrested and charged with treason, which carries the death penalty, concealment of treason and rape. His supporters rioted and clashed with security forces for two days, leaving at least one man dead.
    (AP, 11/18/05)
2005        Nov 14, Uzbekistan's highest court convicted 15 men of organizing a May uprising that ended when troops fired into the crowd, killing more than 180 people. They were sentenced to prison terms of up to 20 years.
    (AP, 11/14/05)

2005        Nov 15, US President George W. Bush has arrived in Japan to start a week-long trip to Asia, seeking progress on the North Korean nuclear crisis and looking to press China for political and economic reforms.
    (AP, 11/15/05)
2005        Nov 15, Illinois Gov. Rod Blagojevich signed into law his All Kids program, a plan to extend comprehensive health care to every child in the state, making it the 1st state to try anything like it.
    (Econ, 12/3/05, p.33)(http://tinyurl.com/9uu5p)
2005        Nov 15, The US Pension Benefit Guaranty Corp. disclosed in an annual report that as of Sep. 30 it had $56.5 billion in assets to cover $79.2 billion in pension liabilities.
    (SFC, 11/16/05, p.C3)
2005        Nov 15, The FBI arrested Candice R. Martinez, a 19-year-old woman, suspected of robbing four Virginia banks while apparently talking on her cell phone.
    (AP, 11/15/05)
2005        Nov 15, SF city supervisors passed new laws requiring spaying and neutering of pit bulls, five months after the fatal mauling of a 12-year-old boy by his family's pit bulls. They also approved the city’s first-ever medical marijuana regulations.
    (AP, 11/16/05)(SFC, 11/16/05, p.B1)
2005        Nov 15,The US government declared the Puget Sound orcas an endangered species.
    (SFC, 11/16/05, p.A1)
2005        Nov 15, At the CMA Awards, Lee Ann Womack won three trophies, including album of the year for "There's More Where That Came From."
    (AP, 11/15/06)
2005        Nov 15, Albert Pujols of the St. Louis Cardinals won the National League MVP award.
    (AP, 11/15/06)
2005        Nov 15, US Major League baseball owners and players agreed to tougher policy aimed at curbing the use of performance-enhancing drugs.
    (SFC, 11/16/05, p.A1)
2005        Nov 15, The Mega Millions lottery reached $315 million and was won by a group of 7 employees at the Kaiser Permanente medical center at Garden Grove, Ca.
    (SFC, 11/17/05, p.B6)
2005        Nov 15, Montana, after a 14-year hiatus, re-opened a hunting season on bison drifting across the northern border of Yellowstone National Park.
    (Econ, 11/26/05, p.40)
2005        Nov 15, Nearly 3 dozen tornadoes hit Indiana, Kentucky, Missouri and Tennessee destroying dozens of homes and killing 2 people.
    (SFC, 11/17/05, p.A14)(WSJ, 11/17/05, p.A1)
2005        Nov 15, A bomb exploded near US and Afghan troops as they patrolled in volatile eastern Afghanistan, killing a U.S. soldier and wounding another.
    (AP, 11/15/05)
2005        Nov 15, In Afghanistan air strikes killed three al-Qaida suspects in Kunar province.
    (AP, 11/17/05)
2005        Nov 15, Hundreds of thousands of workers staged what unionists called the biggest protest in Australia's history against PM John Howard's proposed labor reforms.
    (AP, 11/15/05)
2005        Nov 15, Andre Boisclair (39) defeated Pauline Marois, the former Quebec deputy premier, to lead Parti Quebecois 54% to 31%.
    (Econ, 11/19/05, p.42)
2005        Nov 15, Jose Bove, a militant French farmer best known for ransacking a half-built McDonald's, was sentenced to four months in prison for destroying a field of genetically modified corn planted by an American seed company in southern France.
    (AP, 11/15/05)
2005        Nov 15, Guatemala police found five packages of cocaine and thousands of dollars in cash in the office of Adam Castillo, the country’s top anti-drug cop, shortly after he was lured to America and arrested on charges of conspiring to ship cocaine into the US. Deputies Jorge Aguilar Garcia and Rubilio Palacios were arrested with Castillo.
    (AP, 11/17/05)
2005        Nov 15, In Haiti UN peacekeepers and gang members traded gunfire in the volatile Cite Soleil slum of the Haitian capital, leaving at least four people dead.
    (AP, 11/15/05)
2005        Nov 15, Iraq’s PM Ibrahim al-Jaafari said more than 170 malnourished Iraqi detainees found at an Interior Ministry detention center appear to have been tortured. The Interior Ministry is controlled by Shiites. Sunni leaders have accused Shiite-dominated security forces of detaining, torturing and killing hundreds of Sunnis simply because of their religious affiliation.
    (AP, 11/15/05)
2005        Nov 15, Iraqi and US forces fighting insurgents near the Syrian border ran into fierce resistance, with troops encountering dozens of explosive booby traps and killing at least 30 insurgents.
    (AP, 11/15/05)
2005        Nov 15, Japanese Princess Sayako (36), the emperor's only daughter, quit the world's oldest monarchy and married Yoshiki Kuroda, a 40-year-old urban planner.
    (AP, 11/15/05)
2005        Nov 15, Prodded by US Sec. of State Condoleezza Rice, Israel and the Palestinians agreed on details for opening the borders of the Gaza Strip and allowing freer movement for Palestinians elsewhere.
    (AP, 11/15/05)
2005        Nov 15, Israeli PM Ariel Sharon's eldest son pleaded guilty to illegal fund-raising charges stemming from his father's 1999 election campaign.
    (AP, 11/15/05)
2005        Nov 15-2005 Nov 16, Italian authorities arrested three Algerians believed to have links to an Algerian militant group that has allied itself with Osama bin Laden.
    (AP, 11/17/05)
2005        Nov 15, Jordan introduced strict security measures aimed at foreigners and said it was drafting the country's first anti-terror specific legislation to prevent further attacks like last week's the triple hotel bombings. 11 top officials resigned including Jordan’s national security adviser.
    (AP, 11/15/05)(SFC, 11/16/05, p.A19)
2005        Nov 15, A US Embassy official said a 4th American has died from wounds sustained in last week's triple hotel bombings in the Jordanian capital.
    (AP, 11/16/05)
2005        Nov 15, In northwest Mexico a tanker truck hauling toxic ammonium chloride slammed into a passenger bus, killing 38 people as both vehicles plunged down an embankment.
    (AP, 11/16/05)
2005        Nov 15, Data was published indicating that Mosquitrix, an experimental vaccine against malaria given to children in Mozambique in 2003, had cut clinical cases by 35%. The vaccine was developed GlaxoSmithKline of Belgium.
    (Econ, 11/19/05, p.85)
2005        Nov 15, In southern Pakistan a powerful car bomb exploded outside a KFC restaurant, setting off a massive fireball that overturned cars and shattered steel and glass. 3 people were killed and 22 injured.
    (AP, 11/15/05)
2005        Nov 15, In Russia an explosion ripped through a police dormitory in St. Petersburg, killing a retired police officer.
    (AP, 11/15/05)
2005        Nov 15, The Serbian government unanimously adopted a resolution rejecting independence for Kosovo in UN-mediated talks on the future of the breakaway province expected to begin next month.
    (AP, 11/15/05)
2005        Nov 15, In South Korea 2 farmers were killed during a protest in Seoul ahead of WTO meetings. The farmers were angry over moves to further open the country's rice market.
    (AP, 12/27/05)

2005        Nov 16, US President George W. Bush arrived in South Korea ahead of a summit of Asia Pacific leaders after making a bold call for China to launch democratic reforms.
    (AP, 11/16/05)
2005        Nov 16, Vice President Dick Cheney joined the chorus of Republican criticism of Democrats who contended the Bush administration had manipulated intelligence on Iraq, an accusation Cheney called "one of the most dishonest and reprehensible charges ever aired in this city."
    (AP, 11/16/06)
2005        Nov 16, Hoping to reverse the deterioration of pension plans, the US Senate voted to force companies to make up underfunding and live up to promises made to employees.
    (AP, 11/16/06)
2005        Nov 16, The US House passed a bill authorizing up to $38 million in federal funds to preserve and restore 10 WW II internment camps, including Tule Lake and Manzanar in California, as well as 17 assembly centers. Nonprofits would need to come up with 75% of the money for the projects.
    (SFC, 11/17/05, p.A15)
2005        Nov 16, Former President Clinton in Dubai, UAR, told Arab students that the US made a "big mistake" when it invaded Iraq, stoking the partisan debate back home over the war.
    (AP, 11/16/05)
2005        Nov 16, Philip H. Bloom, an American businessman living overseas, was charged for paying kickbacks to U.S. occupation authorities to win reconstruction contracts in Iraq.
    (AP, 11/17/05)(SFC, 11/18/05, p.A15)
2005        Nov 16, At the National Book Awards ceremony in NYC William T. Vollmann (46) won the fiction award for “Europe Central." Joan Didion (70) won the nonfiction award for “The Year of Magical Thinking." W.S. Merwin won the poetry prize for “Migration: New and Selected Poems." Special awards went to Lawrence Ferlinghetti (86) and Norman Mailer (82).
    (SFC, 11/17/05, p.A2)
2005        Nov 16, IntercontinentalExchange (ICE), founded in 2000, made its debut on the NYSE. Shares offered at $26 reached $39.25 at close.
    (Econ, 11/19/05, p.79)
2005        Nov 16, Nokia Corp. said it is paying $430 million to acquire Intellisync Corp., a provider of wireless e-mail service for cellular carriers, adding to the mobile phone maker's growing arsenal of products to compete with BlackBerry.
    (AP, 11/16/05)
2005        Nov 16, Kentucky reported that drainage from land disturbed by mining and road construction has caused acid levels to rise beyond acceptable levels in portions of at least 35 streams across the state, killing fish and insects.
    (AP, 11/16/05)
2005        Nov 16, Ralph Edwards (b.1913), broadcasting pioneer and TV host of “This is Your Life" (1952-1961), died in West Hollywood. Edwards first hit it big in radio with “Truth or Consequences" in 1940.
    (SFC, 11/17/05, p.B5)
2005        Nov 16, Henry Taube (b.1916), Canadian-born Nobel Prize winner (1983) and former Stanford Univ. chemist, died at his home on the Stanford campus.
    (SFC, 11/19/05, p.B5)
2005        Nov 16, Afghan Defense Minister Rahim Wardak said Osama bin Laden's al-Qaida network has increased its activities in Afghanistan, smuggling in explosives, high-tech weapons and millions of dollars in cash for a resurgent terror campaign.
    (AP, 11/16/05)
2005        Nov 16, A suicide bomber rammed a car laden with explosives into a convoy carrying Westerners in the main southern city of Kandahar, killing three Afghan civilians and wounding four others.
    (AP, 11/16/05)
2005        Nov 16, Home Secretary Charles Clarke ordered that British citizen Babar Ahmad be extradited to the United States to face terrorism charges under controversial new rules allowing countries to seek extradition without producing evidence of a crime.
    (AP, 11/16/05)
2005        Nov 16, Britain’s National Statistics office said the number of people claiming jobless benefits increased by a higher-than-expected 12,100 from September to a total of 890,100 people at the end of October.
    (AP, 11/16/05)
2005        Nov 16, In Chechnya a group of Russian soldiers, alleged to be drunk, began flagging down cars and demanding money in the Grozny suburb of Staraya Sunzha. 3 civilians were killed and 3 servicemen were detained.
    (SSFC, 11/20/05, p.A22)
2005        Nov 16, Chinese President Hu Jintao arrived in Seoul for talks with South Korea's president and an annual meeting of Asia-Pacific leaders, the first time in a decade a Chinese president has visited South Korea.
    (AP, 11/15/05)
2005        Nov 16, China reported its first three confirmed human cases of bird flu as the government raced to vaccinate billions of chickens, ducks and other poultry in a massive effort to stop the spread of the virus. 2 cases were confirmed in the province of Hunan in central China and one in Anhui in the east.
    (AP, 11/16/05)
2005        Nov 16, Two dozen Colombian rebels laid down their arms in the 1st group demobilization ceremony of leftist guerrillas since Pres. Alvaro Uribe took office 3 years ago.
    (AP, 11/17/05)
2005        Nov 16, In Egypt the Muslim Brotherhood won 20% of the overall vote in the first round of parliamentary elections, according to initial official results released after a day of intense runoff balloting. The group is banned but members as individuals doubled their parliamentary seats to 34. The ruling party won 112 seats.
    (AP, 11/16/05)(WSJ, 11/17/05, p.A1)
2005        Nov 16, The Italian Senate passed constitutional reform that imposed an eccentric form of proportional representation. It was designed to give the prime minister presidential powers.
    (Econ, 2/9/08, p.56)(www.wsws.org/articles/2005/dec2005/ital-d02.shtml)
2005        Nov 16, A private research agency said corporate bankruptcies in Japan climbed 23 percent to 825 cases in October from the previous month, the first increase in two months.
    (AP, 11/16/05)
2005        Nov 16, In Kashmir a car bomb exploded in the main business district of Srinagar, the summer capital of India's Jammu-Kashmir state, killing at least two people and injuring 40.
    (AP, 11/16/05)
2005        Nov 16, Mexico’s Supreme Court ruled that rape within marriage is a crime.
    (SFC, 11/17/05, p.A12)
2005        Nov 16, A court set up by Sudan to try war crimes in its violence-plagued Darfur region issued its 1st sentences, condemning to death 2 soldiers in the torture killing of a Sudanese citizen.
    (AP, 11/16/05)
2005        Nov 16, In Thailand suspected Muslim separatists stormed 2 houses in a southern village and opened fire on the families with assault rifles, killing 9 people and injuring 9 others.
    (AP, 11/16/05)
2005        Nov 16, A UN technology summit opened in Tunisia after an 11th-hour agreement that leaves the United States with ultimate oversight of the main computers that direct the Internet's flow of information, commerce and dissent.
    (AP, 11/16/05)
2005        Nov 16, More than 150 international rights groups petitioned African governments and the continent's main political union to act on what they called a humanitarian crisis in Zimbabwe.
    (Reuters, 11/17/05)

2005        Nov 17, Pennsylvania Democratic congressman John Murtha argued that it was time to bring US troops home from Iraq.
    (Econ, 11/26/05, p.35)
2005        Nov 17, Andy Stevens (37), a California CHP officer, was shot and killed during a routine traffic stop in Yolo County. Police the next day arrested suspects Brendt Anthony Volarvich (20) in Rocklin and Gregory Fred Zielesch (47) of Woodland. Volarvich was later convicted of murder and sentenced to death. In 2009 a Sacramento district court upheld a murder conviction against Zielesch and his sentence of 57 years to life in prison.
    (SFC, 11/18/05, p.B2)(SFC, 11/19/05, p.B3)(SFC, 11/25/09, p.C2)
2005        Nov 17, A jury in Sarasota, Fla., convicted mechanic Joseph Smith (37) of kidnapping, raping and strangling 11-year-old Carlie Brucia, whose Feb 1, 2004, abduction had been captured by a car-wash security camera. On December 1, 2005, a jury, by a vote of 10 to 2, returned a recommendation for the death penalty. On March 15, 2006, the day before what would have been Carlie's fourteenth birthday, he was sentenced to two terms of life imprisonment on the charges of sexual battery and kidnapping, and was sentenced to death by lethal injection for murder.
    (AP, 11/17/06)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carlie_Brucia)
2005        Nov 17, Robert Stein of North Carolina, arrested on Nov 14, was charged with accepting kickbacks and bribes during his tenure as a controller and financial officer of the US occupation authority in Iraq. He steered construction contracts to Philip Bloom, who was charged with a range of crimes on Nov 16.
    (SFC, 11/18/05, p.A15)
2005        Nov 17, In Chicago Conrad Black (61), press magnate, was charged with helping to steal $51.8 million from Hollinger Int’l. Black was said to be in Canada.
    (SFC, 11/18/05, p.C3)
2005        Nov 17, Australian researchers confirmed they have scrapped 10 years of research into genetically modified peas because the altered version caused lung inflammation in mice.
    (AFP, 11/18/05)
2005        Nov 17, Austria’s Interior Ministry said British historian David Irving has been arrested on a warrant accusing him of denying the Holocaust.
    (AP, 11/17/05)
2005        Nov 17, President Bush in South Korea took a hardline stance against North Korea, saying the US won't help the communist nation build a civilian nuclear reactor to produce electricity until it dismantles its nuclear weapons programs.
    (AP, 11/17/05)
2005        Nov 17, In Brazil a congressional investigation said it found no evidence of an alleged bribes-for-votes scheme.
    (AP, 11/17/05)
2005        Nov 17, Sergei Abramov, the prime minister of Chechnya was in a serious condition after a car crash on the way to a Moscow airport. His aide said it was too early to rule out an assassination attempt.
    (AP, 11/18/05)
2005        Nov 17, Chinese President Hu Jintao assured a Pacific Rim forum in South Korea that there is nothing to fear from his fast-developing country, which he said has great potential to contribute to global peace.
    (AP, 11/17/05)
2005        Nov 17, European parliamentarians voted 407 to 155 on the draft REACH regulation for the registration, evaluation and authorization of chemicals.
    (Econ, 11/26/05, p.77)
2005        Nov 17, French police declared the all-clear after three weeks of rioting which has left the government stunned, bruised and casting around for explanations.
    (AFP, 11/17/05)
2005        Nov 17, France released its annual Beaujolais Nouveau from the 2005 harvest. The annual release is made every 3rd Thursday in November.
    (SFC, 11/22/05, p.F2)
2005        Nov 17, Israeli President Moshe Katsav met with Pope Benedict XVI and other top Roman Catholic officials to discuss a long-standing tax dispute that has irritated relations between Israel and the Holy See.
    (AP, 11/17/05)
2005        Nov 17, Israeli forces killed two Palestinian militants during a West Bank arrest raid, riddling their car with bullets when it tried to run a roadblock outside the town of Jenin.
    (AP, 11/17/05)
2005        Nov 17, Mexico's Supreme Court voted 11-1 that the Pascual Cooperative, a bottler specializing in Mexico's traditional fruit-flavored and fruit-based soft drinks, did not rate protection as a public interest.
    (AP, 11/18/05)
2005        Nov 17, In Pakistan a court official said 3 men from an underground Pakistani tribal group have confessed to involvement in a car bomb blast near a US fast food chain outlet that killed 3 people. Police said the trio belong to a group called the Baluchistan Liberation Army.
    (AFP, 11/17/05)
2005        Nov 17, Greenpeace activists in small inflatable boats stopped a ship carrying genetically engineered soybean meal from unloading in a Polish port. Greenpeace says genetically engineered soy is causing massive environmental problems in Argentina, including deforestation, a dramatic increase in the use of toxic herbicides and soil infertility.
    (AP, 11/17/05)
2005        Nov 17, Paul Bisengimana, former Rwandan mayor, pleaded guilty to charges of murder and extermination related to the 1994 genocide of more than half a million Rwandans. He was accused of participating in the killing of several thousand people who had sought refuge in a church. He changed his previous plea of not guilty after striking a deal with prosecutors under which they dropped 10 other charges.
    (AP, 11/17/05)
2005        Nov 17, Saudi judicial officials said a Saudi high-school chemistry teacher, accused of discussing religion with his students, was sentenced to 750 lashes and 40 months in prison for blasphemy following a trial on Nov 12.
    (AP, 11/17/05)
2005        Nov 17-2005 Nov 20, Singapore hosted the World Cyber Games (WCG). Some 700 participants competed in 8 games with prize money topping $2.5 million.
    (Econ, 11/26/05, p.54)(www.worldcybergames.com/main.asp)
2005        Nov 17, In Sri Lanka well-armed rebels and sporadic explosions blocked thousands of Sri Lankans from voting for a new president to help the country end decades of civil war and recover from last year's devastating tsunami. Ex-Premier Wickremesinghe, favoring Tamil rebel talks, faced Premier Rajapakse, a skeptic on peace.
    (AP, 11/17/05)(WSJ, 11/17/05, p.A1)
2005        Nov 17, It was reported that Syria had detained 4 Australian-Iraqi women at the Damascus airport for allegedly trying to take gun parts hidden in a child's toy onto a plane bound for Australia.
    (AFP, 11/17/05)
2005        Nov 17, In Venezuela officials said the government will expand a land reform program next year to take control of some 3.7 million acres of "idle" farm land and turn it over to cooperatives of poor farmers.
    (AP, 11/17/05)
2005        Nov 17, UN officials said Zimbabwe has backtracked on its refusal to allow the UN to help build emergency housing for people whose homes were demolished in a government eviction campaign.
    (AP, 11/17/05)

2005        Nov 18, The US Republican-controlled House spurned a call for an immediate pullout of troops from Iraq in a 403-3 vote hastily arranged by the GOP that Democrats denounced as politically motivated.
    (AP, 11/18/06)
2005        Nov 18, The US Senate voted to extend $60 billion in tax cuts for individuals and businesses but added a $5 billion tax on big oil companies, drawing a veto threat from the White House. Congress voted itself a $3,100 pay raise. Pres. Bush signed the raise into law 2 weeks later.
    (Reuters, 11/19/05)(SFC, 12/6/05, p.A3)
2005        Nov 18, US officials said that US and Canadian police have arrested 291 people in a major drug bust that was given unprecedented cooperation by Vietnamese agents. The 2-year operation covered ecstasy, which was shipped into Canada in powder form, turned into pills and then smuggled across the border along with massive amounts of marijuana.
    (AFP, 11/18/05)
2005        Nov 18, In Washington DC Michael Scanlon (35) was charged with conspiring with former lobbyist Jack Abramoff to bribe government officials and bilk millions of dollars from Indian tribes. In March, 2002, Ohio Rep. Robert Ney agreed to back legislative language to benefit the Tigua tribe of El Paso, Texas, a client of Abramoff and Scanlon.
    (SFC, 11/19/05, p.A3)
2005        Nov 18, A civil jury in Florida ruled 10-2 that Robert Blake (72), former “Baretta" TV star, intentionally caused the 2001 death of Bonny Lee Bakley, and ordered him to pay her children $30 million.
    (SFC, 11/19/05, p.A2)
2005        Nov 18, A federal jury in Tennessee held that Nicolas Carranza (72), a former Salvadoran colonel, was responsible for murder and torture during the 1980s civil war in El Salvador and ordered him to pay $6 million in damages to his accusers.
    (SFC, 11/19/05, p.A5)
2005        Nov 18, Scott Winfield Davis (40), was arrested in Palo Alto, Ca., for the 1996 Atlanta shooting death of David Coffin Jr., heir to a Connecticut family that founded the Dexter Corp. Initial charges against Davis were dropped in 1998 due to insufficient evidence. David Coffin Jr. On December 4, 2006, a jury in Fulton County, Georgia, found Davis guilty on all counts of malice murder and felony murder.
    (SFC, 11/19/05, p.B3)(www.atlantada.org/featuredarticle/ScottDavis.htm)
2005        Nov 18, In Pennsylvania an oil painting by Jackson Pollock and a silkscreen by Andy Warhol were stolen from the Everhart Museum by thieves who shattered a glass door in the back of the building. The thieves had disappeared by the time police arrived, four minutes after the alarm sounded at 2:30 a.m.
    (AP, 11/19/05)
2005        Nov 18, Ford Motor Co., said it plans to eliminate 4,000 salaried jobs, or 10% of its North American white-collar work force, as part of a larger restructuring plan.
    (Reuters, 11/18/05)
2005        Nov 18, Cisco Systems Inc. agreed to acquire the cable TV technology company Scientific-Atlanta Inc. for about $6.9 billion in a move that would create a one-stop shop, and market leader, in distributing television to living rooms over the Internet.
    (AP, 11/18/05)
2005        Nov 18, Swiss Reinsurance Co., the world's second-largest reinsurer, said it will acquire most of General Electric Co.'s insurance unit for $6.8 billion in cash and stock.
    (AP, 11/18/05)
2005        Nov 18, Tropical Storm Gamma, the 24th storm of the busiest hurricane season on record, formed off the coast of Central America, and forecasters said it could threaten Florida by the beginning of next week.
    (AP, 11/18/05)
2005        Nov 18, The relationship of star anise to bird flu was documented by Peter S. Goodman in an article for the Washington Post.
    (www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/11/17/AR2005111701855.html)
2005        Nov 18, Scientists reported that a single gene in mice, which controlled the production of a protein called stathmin, can turn cautious animals into daring ones.
    (SFC, 11/18/05, p.A2)
2005        Nov 18, In Afghanistan a Portuguese soldier was killed and three others were wounded when an explosion struck their vehicles outside Kabul.
    (AP, 11/18/05)
2005        Nov 18, In Bradford, England, a gang of men shot and killed Sharon Beshenivsky (38), an unarmed policewoman, and wounded another. Police arrested six people in connection with the crime. In October 2006 Muzzaker Imtiaz Shah (25), one of 5 men due to be tried, admitted the killing. In 2007 Mustaf Jama (27) was arrested in Somalia and flown back to Britain to face charges related to the murder. Five people were already convicted in connection with Beshenivsky's death.
    (AP, 11/19/05)(AFP, 10/11/06)(AFP, 11/2/07)
2005        Nov 18, In Canada officials said a strain of H5 bird flu was found in a duck on a commercial farm in British Columbia's Fraser Valley. Tests soon confirmed that the strain was nonlethal.
    (AP, 11/19/05)(WSJ, 11/21/05, p.A1)
2005        Nov 18, China and Chile signed a free-trade agreement on behalf of their nations, the first between China and a Latin American country.
    (AP, 11/18/05)
2005        Nov 18, In Colombia Indians who have seized control of 18 large farms vowed to stage protests across the country after land reform talks with President Alvaro Uribe ended without any agreements.
    (AP, 11/18/05)
2005        Nov 18, Conservative leader Angela Merkel took a last step toward becoming Germany's first female chancellor when she and other party officials signed a hard-won agreement to form a left-right coalition government.
    (AP, 11/19/05)
2005        Nov 18, In Honduras Herlan Colindres (16), a street gang member implicated in 17 killings including a U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration agent, escaped from a juvenile prison for the fifth time in three years, just as he promised.
    (AP, 11/20/05)
2005        Nov 18, In eastern Iraq suicide bombers killed at least 75 worshippers at two mosques including 2 suicide bombers who detonated themselves inside a Shiite mosque in Khanaqin, a town near the Iranian border, killing at least 35 people. In Baghdad two car bombs targeted a hotel housing foreign journalists and killed eight Iraqis.
    (AP, 11/18/05)(AP, 11/19/05)(SFC, 11/19/05, p.A1)
2005        Nov 18, An Italian judge who refuses to hear cases because there are crucifixes in the nation's courtrooms was convicted of failing to carry out his official duties and sentenced to seven months in jail.
    (AP, 11/18/05)
2005        Nov 18, In Kuwait a bus carrying US troops overturned, killing one American soldier and injuring 19 others.
    (AP, 11/18/05)
2005        Nov 18, A Dutch television show claimed to have knocked down a chain of 4,155,476 dominoes in a new world record, but organizers conceded the event was overshadowed by the earlier shooting of an errant sparrow. The bird caused some 23,000 dominoes to fall on Nov 14. The record was later adjusted to 4,002,146 after a legal expert ruled that a person had illegally caused 153,340 dominoes to fall.
    (AP, 11/18/05)(SFC, 11/23/05, p.A2)(www.dodemus.nl/)
2005        Nov 18, In Gaza 2 rival clans and Palestinian police exchanged fire in a dispute over land in the area of a former Israeli settlement, killing Naef Astal (17) and wounding 5 people.
    (AP, 11/19/05)
2005        Nov 18, Peru’s government renewed a state of emergency in several isolated jungle and highland provinces amid reports of leftist rebel activity.
    (AP, 11/18/05)
2005        Nov 18, A Russian UN official accused of money laundering was released on $500,000 bail posted by his government. Vladimir Kuznetsov (48), who chaired the powerful UN budget oversight committee, had been jailed since Sept. 1 on charges that he conspired with a UN procurement officer to launder hundreds of thousands of dollars from foreign companies seeking contracts with the world body.
    (AP, 11/18/05)
2005        Nov 18, An election official said PM Mahinda Rajapakse, a hard-liner toward Tamil rebels, won Sri Lanka's presidential election by a narrow margin. Suspected separatist rebels in Akkaraipattu tossed grenades into a Mosque during morning prayers, killing at least four Muslim worshippers. Rajapakse later appointed his 3 brothers to run important ministries.
    (AP, 11/18/05)(Econ, 6/9/07, p.26)
2005        Nov 18, South Korean riot police used high pressure hoses to hold back protesters chanting anti-Bush slogans from the site of the APEC summit at Busan.
    (WSJ, 11/19/05, p.A1)
2005        Nov 18, South Korea announced plans to pull a third of its troops out of Iraq, a day after President Bush met with his South Korean counterpart and praised him as a staunch ally in the Iraq conflict.
    (AP, 11/18/05)
2005        Nov 18, Turkey’s energy minister said oil from a U.S.-backed Caspian pipeline has crossed the Turkish border from Georgia on its way to a Mediterranean port for where it will be exported to the West.
    (AP, 11/18/05)
2005        Nov 18, In Turkey a bomb placed in a trash can exploded near a fairground in Istanbul, killing one person and injuring 12.
    (AP, 11/18/05)

2005        Nov 19, Bush and other Pacific Rim leaders in South Korea urged Europe to show new flexibility on farm subsidies, an issue that has stalled global trade negotiations. The 21 APEC leaders promised to boost cooperation on fighting terrorism and preparing for a possible flu pandemic. They endorsed a roadmap for lifting trade barriers across APEC member countries and launched an initiative to protect intellectual property.
    (AP, 11/19/05)(SFC, 11/19/05, p.A8)
2005        Nov 19, President Bush arrived in Beijing for talks with Chinese leaders following the APEC meeting in South Korea. A US official said China will buy 70 Boeing 737 airliners as President Bush arrived on a visit expected to include discussion of Beijing's surging trade surplus with the US.
    (AP, 11/19/05)(AP, 11/19/06)
2005        Nov 19, Tropical Storm Gamma deluged the coast of Central America.
    (AP, 11/19/06)
2005        Nov 19, Thousands of people gathered in a Baku square as Azerbaijan's opposition parties protested against disputed parliamentary elections, the latest rally in a campaign that has made little headway.
    (AP, 11/19/05)
2005        Nov 19, Brazil's president ordered the intelligence service to make dictatorship-era documents public by the end of the year.
    (AP, 11/20/05)
2005        Nov 19, In Cairo, Egypt, Shiite and Kurdish delegates stormed out of an Iraqi reconciliation conference, halting the effort to patch over ethnic and religious fault lines threatening to drag the country into a full civil war.
    (AP, 11/19/05)
2005        Nov 19, India and Pakistan opened their disputed border in Kashmir for the first time in 58 years, a temporary measure to allow divided families to check on each other after the region's devastating earthquake.
    (AP, 11/19/05)
2005        Nov 19, A car bomb exploded among shoppers at an outdoor market in a mostly Shiite neighborhood in southeast Baghdad, killing 13 people and wounding about 20 others. A suicide bomber detonated his car in a crowd of Shiite mourners north of Baghdad, killing at least 50 people. 5 US soldiers were killed and 5 others were wounded in a pair of roadside bombings in northern Iraq. An ambush on a joint US-Iraqi patrol northwest of Baghdad left 15 civilians, 8 insurgents and a US Marine dead from a roadside bomb and the firefight that followed. It was later reported that Marines killed 24 civilians including women and children in retaliation for the death of a Marine in a roadside bombing in Haditha. In 2006 four Marines were charged with murder and 4 officers were charged with crimes related to their alleged failure to investigate and report the slayings. The four Marines charged with murder for the Haditha deaths were: Staff Sgt. Frank D. Wuterich; Sgt. Sanick P. Dela Cruz; Lance Cpl. Justin L. Sharratt; and Lance Cpl. Stephen B. Tatum. In 2007 murder charges were dropped against Dela Cruz after he agreed to provide testimony in the case. All charges against Sharratt and Stone were dropped on Aug 9. In 2008 charges of involuntary manslaughter against Tatum were dropped. In 2008 Charges against Lt. Col. Jeffrey Chessani, who was accused of failing to investigate the killings, were also dismissed. In 2012 Wuterich pleaded guilty to dereliction of duty and was sentenced to 3 months confinement. Under the plea deal he was discharged under honorable conditions.
    (AP, 11/20/05)(Econ, 6/3/06, p.27)(SFC, 12/22/06, p.A1)(AP, 1/6/07)(SFC, 4/18/07, p.A9)(SFC, 8/10/07, p.A7)(SFC, 3/29/08, p.A3)(WSJ, 6/18/08, p.A2)(SFC, 1/24/12, p.A4)(SFC, 2/22/12, p.A7)
2005        Nov 19, Iraqi and US forces raided a farmhouse in northern Iraq at dawn, searching for suspected members of al-Qaida in Iraq. Eight insurgents and four Iraqi policemen were killed. In Mosul 2 US soldiers were killed by small-arms fire.
    (AP, 11/19/05)(SFC, 11/23/05, p.A3)
2005        Nov 19, Pope Benedict XVI and Italian Premier Silvio Berlusconi discussed relations between the Catholic Church and Italy, amid accusations that the church interferes in the country's domestic affairs.
    (AP, 11/19/05)
2005        Nov 19, It was reported that the Nipah virus, naturally found in bats, had moved to Malaysian pigs. It killed about 40% of the 265 people it had infected.
    (Econ, 11/19/05, p.85)
2005        Nov 19, Prince Albert II formally ascended to Monaco's throne in ceremonies that mixed royal pomp with an emotional remembrance for his late father, Rainier III.
    (AP, 11/19/05)
2005        Nov 19, In Peru Fernando Zevallos, the founder of an airline that was Peru's largest until he landed on Washington's list of "drug kingpins," was arrested on cocaine trafficking and homicide charges.
    (AP, 11/19/05)
2005        Nov 19, Sudanese troops and rebels clashed in the western Darfur region clashed and a rebel group said 14 civilians and eight insurgents had been killed in the past 48 hours.
    (Reuters, 11/20/05)
2005        Nov 19, Pope Benedict XVI curbed the independence of Franciscan friars running the famed St. Francis Basilica in Assisi, decreeing they must now get permission for their activities from the local bishop.
    (AP, 11/20/05)

2005        Nov 20, US President George W. Bush pressed President Hu Jintao to rein in China's swelling trade surplus and push forward currency reform after calling for greater religious freedom. Hu Jintao has rebuffed Bush's calls to allow greater religious and political freedom but promised to show more flexibility on Sino-US economic disputes.
    (AP, 11/20/05)
2005        Nov 20, In Tacoma, Wash., Dominick Sergio Maldonado (20) went on a shooting spree at a crowded shopping mall. 7 people were injured, one critically, before he was arrested. Maldonado has been charged with attempted murder and kidnapping.
    (AP, 11/20/06)
2005        Nov 20, Chris Whitley (45), a chameleon singer-songwriter who oscillated between roots rock 'n' roll, blues and alt-rock, died of lung cancer in Houston. He recorded 11 albums since his 1991 debut, "Living with the Law," including “Dirt Floor" (1998) and this year's "Soft Dangerous Shores."
    (AP, 11/23/05)
2005        Nov 20, In Brazil TV da Gente (Our TV), the 1st channel to be directed at Brazil’s black population, was launched.
    (SSFC, 11/27/05, p.A21)
2005        Nov 20, British military said a British soldier was killed and four wounded by a roadside bomb in Iraq's southern city of Basra. A total of 98 British soldiers have been killed in Iraq, including 65 in hostile action, since the US-led invasion in March 2003.
    (AFP, 11/20/05)
2005        Nov 20, China reported two new outbreaks of bird flu in which almost 3,700 poultry died and more than 7,000 were culled as provinces hit by the deadly virus tightened preventive measures.
    (Reuters, 11/20/05)
2005        Nov 20, A helicopter carrying a Colombian congressman and five others crashed Sunday in a storm in the mountains north of Bogota, killing all aboard. Conservative Party congressman Roberto Camacho, Cundinamarca state deputy Efren Bejerano and former Cundinamarca deputy governor Adolfo Leon were among those killed.
    (AP, 11/20/05)
2005        Nov 20, Widespread violence marred the second round of Egypt's parliamentary vote, with police saying a campaign worker was shot and killed in Alexandria and witnesses reporting scores of injuries. Police arrested 400 Muslim Brotherhood activists in a crackdown on the Islamist group.
    (AP, 11/20/05)(Reuters, 11/20/05)
2005        Nov 20, Tropical Storm Gamma weakened into a tropical depression after it deluged the Central American coast, killing 14 people in Honduras and Belize. 2 US newlyweds were among the dead in Belize.
    (AP, 11/20/05)(WSJ, 11/22/05, p.A1)
2005        Nov 20, Iran’s Parliament approved a bill requiring the government to block international inspections of its atomic facilities if the UN nuclear monitoring agency refers Iran to the Security Council for possible sanctions.
    (AP, 11/20/05)
2005        Nov 20, In Iraq a car bomb exploded by a convoy carrying the mayor of Madaen killing 5 civilians. 3 bodies, all blindfolded and shot in the head, were found in Sadr City. A headless body was found south of Baghdad. A policeman was shot dead in Baghdad. A roadside bomb in Baghdad killed a child and wounded 5 others. A US soldier was killed by small arms fire north of Baghdad. A US marine died from wounds suffered the previous day in Karma.
    (SFC, 11/21/05, p.A6)
2005        Nov 20, Israel's dovish Labor Party voted Sunday to pull out of PM Ariel Sharon's coalition government, virtually assuring early general elections in March.
    (AP, 11/20/05)
2005        Nov 20, Project manager Junichiro Kawaguchi said Hayabusa, a Japanese spacecraft, has failed to land on the Itokawa asteroid in the 2nd setback for the landmark mission aiming to bring samples from such a celestial body to Earth for the first time. The space agency, after evaluating more data, said on Nov 23 that Hayabusa did land for a half-hour, but failed to collect any material.
    (AFP, 11/20/05)(SFC, 11/23/05, p.A16)
2005        Nov 20, Russian President Vladimir Putin started a three-day visit to Japan but it appears unlikely there will be any progress in settling a 60-year territorial dispute that has prevented the two nations from formally ending World War II hostilities.
    (AP, 11/20/05)
2005        Nov 20, In Turkey 12 people were detained after Kurdish demonstrators hurled Molotov cocktails and stones at the police during a protest in Istanbul.
    (AFP, 11/20/05)
2005        Nov 20, The Vatican beatified 13 Mexicans who died during a Roman Catholic uprising in the late 1920s that was crushed by the Mexican government.
    (AP, 11/20/05)
2005        Nov 20, Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe said he will turn to nuclear power by processing recently discovered uranium deposits to resolve its chronic electricity shortage.
    (AP, 11/20/05)

2005        Nov 21, President Bush, the first US chief executive to visit Mongolia, saluted Mongolia's "fearless warriors" for helping his embattled effort to establish democracy in the heart of the Middle East.
    (AP, 11/21/05)
2005        Nov 21, The US federal Centers for Disease Control said a man from Great Britain has been diagnosed with the human form of mad cow disease, the 2nd documented US case of the illness.
    (AP, 11/22/05)
2005        Nov 21, Camden, NJ, was named the most dangerous city in the USA for the 2nd year in a row by the Morgan Quitno, a Kansa-based publishing and research company.
    (SFC, 11/21/05, p.A2)
2005        Nov 21, In New Mexico, police arrested Monsignor Dale Fushek (53), former vicar gen’l. of the Phoenix Roman Catholic Diocese, on sex charges involving boys and young men. On May 22, 2006, three of the 10 misdemeanor counts were dismissed at the request of the prosecution. On December 5, 2006, the lawsuit filed on January 27, 2005, was settled by the Diocese of Phoenix for $100,000. The settlement does not imply any admission of guilt, according to the Diocesan attorney Mike Haran. The case was dismissed with prejudice, which means it cannot be refiled.
    (SFC, 11/22/05, p.A6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dale_Fushek)
2005        Nov 21, General Motors Corp. said it will eliminate 30,000 jobs and close nine North American assembly, stamping and powertrain plants by 2008 as part of an effort to get production in line with demand and position the world's biggest automaker to start making money again after absorbing nearly $4 billion in losses so far this year.
    (AP, 11/21/05)
2005        Nov 21, Intel Corp. and Micron Tech. announced plans to form a joint venture, IM Flash Technologies LLC, to make flash memory for consumer tech gadgets.
    (SFC, 11/22/05, p.C1)
2005        Nov 21, Hugh Sidey (78), Time magazine political columnist, died in Paris.
    (AP, 11/21/06)
2005        Nov 21, British authorities said Diepreye Alamieyeseigha (1953), the governor of Nigeria’s oil-rich state Bayelsa, has skipped bail and returned home. He had been arrested and charged in Britain for laundering millions.
    (AP, 11/21/05)
2005        Nov 21, China ordered already strict anti-bird flu measures tightened following two new outbreaks in poultry, while Romania said it would destroy 2,000 farm birds after finding the virus in hens and North Korea tightened border controls.
    (AP, 11/21/05)
2005        Nov 21, In Egypt ballot results showed that the banned Muslim Brotherhood won about a quarter of the parliamentary seats open in the second round of balloting despite widespread violence that marred the voting.
    (Reuters, 11/21/05)(AP, 11/22/05)
2005        Nov 21, In Egypt Iraqi leaders backed a Sunni call for a timetable for the withdrawal of U.S.-led forces and said Iraq's opposition had a "legitimate right" of resistance. The announcement concluded a reconciliation conference backed by the Arab League.
    (AP, 11/22/05)(SFC, 11/22/05, p.A1)(WSJ, 11/22/05, p.A1)
2005        Nov 21, Egyptian forces shot dead Salem Khadr al-Shnub, a Bedouin leader in the Sinai peninsula. He was wanted over his suspected involvement in a string of deadly bombings in the area. Two of Shnub's relatives, Sallam Sweilam and Sallam Sallam Sweilam, were also killed in the clashes.
    (AP, 11/21/05)
2005        Nov 21, EU foreign ministers authorized the start of negotiations on an agreement to prepare Bosnia for EU membership a decade after the Balkan nation was ravaged by Europe's worst fighting since World War II. Leaders of Bosnia's three major ethnic groups signed an accord designed to unify the Balkans by remaking the government's constitutional structure.
    (AP, 11/21/05)(AP, 11/22/05)
2005        Nov 21, EU defense ministers adopted a plan to open up their $35 billion arms industry to increased cross-border competition within the 25-nation bloc, a landmark move designed to cut costs for tight military budgets.
    (AP, 11/21/05)
2005        Nov 21, France's PM Villepin pledged to find more jobs for youths from poor suburbs, where unrest continued to simmer and a high school guard suffered a fatal heart attack trying to extinguish blazing cars.
    (AP, 11/21/05)
2005        Nov 21, US forces mistakenly fired on a civilian vehicle outside an American base in a city north of Baghdad, killing 5 people, including 2 children. Gunmen in Tarmiya killed 4 police officers. In Basra gunmen killed a Sunni cleric. A US soldier was killed by a roadside bomb near Habaniya.
    (AP, 11/21/05)(SFC, 11/22/05, p.A13)(SFC, 11/23/05, p.A3)
2005        Nov 21, PM Ariel Sharon asked Israel's president to dissolve parliament, pushing for a quick March election just hours after deciding to leave his hard-line Likud Party and to form a new centrist party.
    (AP, 11/21/05)
2005        Nov 21, Kenya held a referendum on the country’s 1st proper constitution since independence. Voters divided into 2 factions over the referendum: bananas called for a yes vote and oranges said no. Voters rejected the new constitution (57-43%), supported by Pres. Kibaki, the most serious political setback since he was elected nearly 3 years ago.
    (AP, 11/22/05)(Econ, 11/26/05, p.58)
2005        Nov 21, Hezbollah guerrillas in Lebanon fired mortars and rockets at Israeli troops in a disputed border area, the first clash between the two sides in five months. 4 Hezbollah guerrillas were killed in raids meant to capture Israeli troops along the Lebanon border.
    (AP, 11/21/05)(WSJ, 11/22/05, p.A1)
2005        Nov 21, The leaders of Russia and Japan said the settlement of a 60-year-old dispute that kept their nations from formally ending their World War II hostilities requires closer economic cooperation and patient trust-building as Tokyo backed Moscow's bid to join the World Trade Organization.
    (AP, 11/21/05)
2005        Nov 21, Moscow police launched operation “Counterfeit," a citywide sting operations aimed at shutting down producers and sellers of counterfeit music, movies and software, in the latest clampdown on rampant piracy that threatens Russia's bid to join the WTO.
    (AP, 11/24/05)
2005        Nov 21, Turkey's prime minister rushed to the overwhelmingly Kurdish southeast and urged calm after weeks of rioting, vowing that his government would investigate charges that security forces, and not Kurdish guerrillas, were behind a recent fatal bombing.
    (AP, 11/21/05)
2005        Nov 21, A UN count of HIV infections around the world topped 40.3 million.
    (SFC, 11/22/05, p.A1)
2005        Nov 21, In Venezuela Pres. Chavez pledged to help build a natural gas pipeline stretching from Venezuela to Argentina during talks with Argentine leader Nestor Kirchner.
    (AP, 11/21/05)
2005        Nov 21, In Yemen a tribesman threatened to kill two Swiss tourists he kidnapped if the government uses force to free them. Hasan Ahmed al-Dhamen said that he would kill his two hostages, a man and a woman, if security forces tried to raid his hide-out.
    (AP, 11/21/05)
2005        Nov 21, Zimbabwe's state-owned national airline grounded its entire fleet after running out of fuel as the southern African country's economy continues to crumble.
    (Reuters, 11/22/05)

2005        Nov 22, The US Commerce Dept. said it will comply with a Nafta panel’s order to drastically cut US duties on imports of Canadian softwood lumber. In December the Commerce Dept. Said it will cut import duties in half to 10.81%. Canada continued to press for duties to be dropped entirely.
    (WSJ, 11/23/05, p.A14)(WSJ, 12/7/05, p.A16)
2005        Nov 22, The US said it has lifted an arms embargo against Indonesia, ending a six-year ban on military aid to the world's most populous Muslim nation imposed due to human rights concerns.
    (AP, 11/22/05)
2005        Nov 22, Massachusetts signed an agreement with Venezuela to obtain discounted home heating oil. Democrat Rep. William Delahunt helped broker the deal.
    (WSJ, 11/23/05, p.A14)
2005        Nov 22, A federal jury in Virginia found Ahmed Omar Abu Ali (24), a US citizen, guilty of numerous charges to commit acts of terrorism. Abu Ali was arrested in Medina in June 2003 as Saudi authorities were investigating a wave of bombings. In 2008 a federal appeals court upheld the conviction, but ordered a new sentencing hearing. In 2009 he was sentenced to life in prison for plotting to kill Pres. George W. Bush.
    (SFC, 11/23/05, p.A14)(SFC, 6/7/08, p.A3)(SFC, 7/27/09, p.A5)
2005        Nov 22, An indictment against Jose Padilla, a U.S. citizen held without charges for more than three years on suspicion of plotting a "dirty bomb" attack in the US, was unsealed with three counts alleging he conspired to "murder, maim and kidnap" people overseas.
    (AP, 11/22/05)
2005        Nov 22, Ted Koppel hosted his final edition of ABC News' "Nightline."
    (AP, 11/22/06)
2005        Nov 22, Winners were announced at the 33rd annual American Music Awards in LA. In the Pop-Rock category winners included Male artist: Will Smith; Female artist: Gwen Stefani; Band, duo or group: The Black Eyed Peas; Album: "American Idiot," Green Day.
    (AP, 11/23/05)
2005        Nov 22, Motor Trend magazine named the Honda Civic as 2006 Car of the Year.
    (AP, 11/22/05)
2005        Nov 22, Microsoft released its Xbox 360 videogame console.
    (WSJ, 11/22/05, p.A1)
2005        Nov 22, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb tore through an American armored vehicle, killing a U.S. soldier and an Afghan interpreter. Militants near Kabul shot and killed an Afghan working as the head of security for a Turkish construction company. Villagers found the body of Maniappan Raman Kutty, a kidnapped Indian, who had almost been decapitated, in Nimroz province's Dilaram district.
    (AP, 11/23/05)
2005        Nov 22, At least 100,000 opposition demonstrators told Bangladesh's Islamist-allied government to "quit now" as they rallied in the capital while police kept watch to avert religious extremist violence.
    (AP, 11/22/05)
2005        Nov 22, China’s northeastern city of Harbin said its water system will be shut down for four days to check for contamination from a Nov. 13 chemical plant explosion, setting off panic buying of bottled water among its 3 million residents.
    (AP, 11/22/05)(AP, 11/25/05)
2005        Nov 22, A woman farmer in east China died from bird flu after contact with sick poultry, becoming the third confirmed human case in the country and the 2nd confirmed fatality.
    (AFP, 11/23/05)
2005        Nov 22, French President Jacques Chirac called for negotiations to end a nationwide rail strike that caused commuter chaos and posed a new threat to his government, just days after urban riots abated.
    (Reuters, 11/22/05)
2005        Nov 22, French union leaders decided to recommend an end to a strike that disrupted French train service, saying they were satisfied with concessions offered by the national rail operator SNCF.
    (AP, 11/22/05)
2005        Nov 22, Angela Merkel was elected as Germany's first female chancellor, taking power at the helm of an unwieldy alliance of the right and left that now officially has the job of turning around Europe's biggest economy.
    (AP, 11/22/05)
2005        Nov 22, In Honduras officials raised the death toll from a tropical storm that hit over the weekend to 32 with 13 people missing.
    (AP, 11/22/05)
2005        Nov 22, In India elections results left the Rashtrija Janata Dal party (RJD) with just 54 of 243 seats in Bihar’s legislative assembly. Laloo Prasad  Yadav and the RJD had ruled Bihar, a state of 83 million people, since 1990. Bihar elected Nitish Kumar as chief minister.
    (Econ, 11/26/05, p.50)(Econ, 1/6/07, p.36)
2005        Nov 22, Iraqi and US troops launched an operation in predominately Sunni western Iraq to prevent insurgents from stopping the vote in that city.
    (AP, 11/23/05)
2005        Nov 22, In Iraq insurgents in Kirkuk exploded a car bomb amid a police convoy killing 21 people including at least 9 police officers.
    (SFC, 11/23/05, p.A3)(WSJ, 11/23/05, p.A1)
2005        Nov 22, Israeli warplanes struck in Lebanon in what Israeli Defense Minister Shaul Mofaz described as the largest-scale Israeli response to cross-border attacks by Lebanese guerrillas since 2000.
    (AP, 11/22/05)
2005        Nov 22, Japan's Liberal Democratic Party marked its 50th anniversary by unveiling a proposed revision to the country's pacifist constitution that would end the ban on having a military and give the armed forces a more assertive international role.
    (AP, 11/22/05)
2005        Nov 22, Ministers from the 114 members of the Nonaligned Movement ended a 2-day conference in Malaysia and agreed to launch an Internet-based news network to counter what they called prejudiced reporting by Western media. Bernama, Malaysia’s state news agency, will oversee the network.
    (WSJ, 11/23/05, p.A14)
2005        Nov 22, Nepal's communist rebels and seven main political parties said they have reached an agreement to bolster opposition to King Gyanendra.
    (AP, 11/22/05)
2005        Nov 22, Detectives arrested a suspected Irish Republican Army dissident on suspicion of involvement in a 1998 car-bombing that killed 29 people in Omagh.
    (AP, 11/22/05)
2005        Nov 22, The United States and its partners in an energy consortium terminated a project to build two light-water atomic reactors for North Korea as an incentive to convince Pyongyang to dismantle its nuclear weapons program.
    (AP, 11/23/05)
2005        Nov 22, Nestle SA, the world's biggest food company, said it has recalled hundreds of thousands of gallons of baby milk from France, Portugal, Spain and Italy after traces of ink from the packaging were found in the product.
    (AP, 11/22/05)
2005        Nov 22, A gunman opened fire with a Kalashnikov assault rifle at a primary school in Turkey's troubled southeast, killing one male teacher and wounding four other people.
    (AP, 11/22/05)
2005        Nov 22, Pope Benedict XVI created the diocese of Ba Ria, in the Vietnam province of the same name, by dividing up the existing diocese of Xuan Loc. He named Monsignor Thomas Nguen Van Tram bishop of Ba Ria. Vietnam had an estimated 6 million Catholics.
    (AP, 11/22/05)
2005        Nov 22, The UN’s food and farming body renewed its plea for more effort to improve agriculture in poor countries to ease hunger and malnutrition which kill nearly 6 million children a year.
    (AP, 11/22/05)
2005        Nov 22, Vietnamese health officials said a teenager has been confirmed with the H5N1 bird flu virus.
    (Reuters, 11/22/05)

2005        Nov 23, A federal jury in New York convicted Uzair Paracha (25), a Pakistani man detained in 2003, of providing material support to terrorists and other related charges. His father was being held as an enemy combatant at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
    (SFC, 11/23/05, p.A15)
2005        Nov 23, Dr. Thomas Dawber (92) died in Florida. He led the revolutionary Framingham Heart Study (1949-1966) that identified the major risk factors for heart disease.
    (www.nytimes.com/2005/12/01/national/01dawber.html)
2005        Nov 23, A commuter train slammed into several vehicles caught in a traffic jam on a busy road in Elmwood Park, Ill., starting a chain reaction that injured at least 10 people.
    (AP, 11/23/06)
2005        Nov 23, In SF 2 killings on Turk Street raised the city’s homicide toll this year to 90, 2 more than in all of 2004.
    (SFC, 11/24/05, p.B1)
2005        Nov 23, In California several men, who appeared to be Black Muslims, vandalized 2 West Oakland corner markets. Police later arrested Yusuf Bey IV (19) and Donald Eugene Cunningham (73) and sought 4 others. Suspects Kahlil Raheem (24) and Yasir Hakeem Azzem (19) were arrested Dec 7. Suspects Dyamen Namer Williams (19) and Demetrius Lamar Harvey (20) were arrested Jan 2. Elijah Allen (33) was arrested Feb 21, 2006. In 2008 all the suspects pleaded no contest.
    (SFC, 11/30/05, p.A1)(SFC, 12/9/05, p.B3)(SFC, 1/4/06, p.B5)(SFC, 2/22/06, p.B10)(SFC, 7/31/08, p.B3)
2005        Nov 23, Constance Cummings (95) American-born actress died in Oxfordshire, England.
    (AP, 11/23/06)
2005        Nov 23, Suspected Taliban militants shot to death three Afghan police, a day after a roadside bombing killed a US service member in the same Uruzgan province.
    (AP, 11/24/05)
2005        Nov 23, A UN report said cultivation of opium poppies decreased in Afghanistan this year for the first time since 2001, a success that saw one in every five farmers abandon the drug-producing plant for legal crops.
    (AP, 11/24/05)
2005        Nov 23, Australia's PM John Howard visited Pakistan's devastated earthquake zone and announced a further 37 million dollars in aid for victims of the disaster.
    (AP, 11/23/05)
2005        Nov 23, In Britain and Wales the early pub closing times, that had governed drinking in Britain since their introduction during World War I, were set to end at midnight. The laws had required most pubs to close at 11 p.m. Monday to Saturday and 10:30 p.m. on Sundays. New rules allowed pubs, bars, shops, restaurants and clubs to apply to open any hours they like, although each license must be approved by local authorities.
    (AP, 11/23/05)
2005        Nov 23, In Chile former dictator Gen. Augusto Pinochet was indicted and put under house arrest on charges of tax evasion and corruption related to his multimillion-dollar overseas accounts.
    (AP, 11/23/05)
2005        Nov 23, In Colombia soldiers near Villa Hermosa captured Arcesio Lamus, leader of the Bolshevik Front of the National Liberation Army, suspected of carrying out more than a dozen kidnappings and other terrorist attacks over the past two decades.
    (AP, 11/24/05)
2005        Nov 23, Cuba announced a major increase in government salaries saying that it wanted to reward workers with high productivity and advanced university degrees.
    (AP, 11/23/05)
2005        Nov 23, Egypt's parliamentary polls claimed a 2nd victim when supporters of a newly-elected MP seized backers of a losing candidate, tied them to the back of tractors and dragged them through the streets.
    (AFP, 11/23/05)
2005        Nov 23, France's Cabinet approved a plan to put a tax on airline tickets starting next year to finance efforts against poverty and disease in the developing world.
    (AP, 11/23/05)
2005        Nov 23, Georgian President Mikhail Saakashvili predicted his country will become a member of the Western military alliance NATO by 2009.
    (Reuters, 11/24/05)
2005        Nov 23, Gunmen wearing Iraqi army uniforms broke into the home of Khadim Sarhid al-Hemaiyem, a senior Sunni leader, and killed him, his three sons and son-in-law.
    (AP, 11/23/05)
2005        Nov 23, Hezbollah guerrillas clashed with Israeli soldiers on the southern Lebanese border.
    (AP, 11/23/05)
2005        Nov 23, Officials declared Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf the winner of Liberia's first postwar balloting, making her Africa's first elected female president. She pledged in her acceptance speech to end Liberia's history of corrupt, brutal and male-dominated rule.
    (AP, 11/23/05)
2005        Nov 23, A NATO official said Uzbekistan has told NATO allies they can no longer use its territory or airspace to support peacekeeping missions in neighboring Afghanistan.
    (AP, 11/23/05)
2005        Nov 23, In Nigeria a Bayelsa state government spokesman said an impeachment notice has been filed against Governor Diepreye Alamieyeseigha, who skipped bail in London, accusing him of money laundering, holding illegal foreign bank accounts, corruptly enriching his family and misappropriating public funds among other offenses.
    (AP, 11/23/05)
2005        Nov 23, In Peru officials said police will begin patrolling Peru's famed Inca Trail following the recent armed robbery of 13 tourists.
    (AP, 11/24/05)
2005        Nov 23, Poland's two leading newspapers blacked out large sections of their front pages in an eye-catching protest against media repression in neighboring Belarus.
    (AP, 11/23/05)
2005        Nov 23, Spanish police arrested 11 people suspected of financing and giving logistical support to an Islamic extremist group linked to al-Qaida.
    (AP, 11/23/05)
2005        Nov 23, Sudan and Uganda said they have renewed a deal letting Ugandan troops pursue leaders of the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) rebels deep into Sudanese territory.
    (AP, 11/23/05)

2005        Nov 24, A giant balloon in the Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade in New York snagged a street light and caused part of it to fall, injuring a woman and a child.
    (AP, 11/24/06)
2005        Nov 24, Actor Pat Morita (73), whose portrayal of the wise and dry-witted Mr. Miyagi in "The Karate Kid" (1984) earned him an Oscar nomination, died at his home in Las Vegas.
    (AP, 11/25/05)
2005        Nov 24, In Canada opposition parties introduced a no-confidence motion that is expected to topple PM Paul Martin's government and force a parliamentary election campaign during the Christmas holidays.
    (AP, 11/24/05)
2005        Nov 24, Former Chilean dictator Gen. Augusto Pinochet was indicted on human rights charges and placed under house arrest, hours after he made bail on unrelated corruption charges filed only a day earlier.
    (AP, 11/24/05)
2005        Nov 24, A man in south China was sentenced to death for leading a gang that kidnapped 38 children and sold them to other families for adoption.
    (AP, 11/25/05)
2005        Nov 24, In China a slick of river-borne toxins from a chemical plant explosion flowed into Harbin as the government dug wells after shutting down its water system to protect residents. A 50-mile-long patch of water carrying toxic benzene began entering Harbin, a city of 3.8 million people in China's northeast, before dawn. A chemical plant explosion Nov. 13 in the nearby city of Jilin spewed toxic benzene into the Songhua River.
    (AP, 11/24/05)
2005        Nov 24, In southwestern China an explosion at the Yingte Chemical Company in Dianjiang killed one worker. This prompted fears of a 2nd benzene leak and warnings to residents not to drink river water.
    (AP, 11/25/05)
2005        Nov 24, Colombian President Alvaro Uribe met with Venezuela's Hugo Chavez to try to help bridge differences in Latin America.
    (AP, 11/24/05)
2005        Nov 24, In southwestern Colombia the Galeras volcano became active at dawn and dumped heaps of ash on the city of Pasto, 12 miles away.
    (AP, 11/24/05)
2005        Nov 24, In Costa Rica thousands of supporters of a free trade pact for Central America marched through San Jose. The group of about 5,000 mainly workers and business owners urged Congress to approve the pact known as CAFTA.
    (AP, 11/24/05)
2005        Nov 24, Indonesia expelled Sidney Jones, an American expert on Southeast Asian terrorist networks for one year, saying her activities could cause public disorder.
    (AP, 11/25/05)
2005        Nov 24, In central Iraq a suicide car bomber targeting US troops handing out toys to children at a hospital killed 34 people, including 4 police guards, 3 women and 2 children.
    (AP, 11/24/05)(Reuters, 11/24/05)
2005        Nov 24, A suicide car bomber attacked a crowded market in Hilla, south of Baghdad, on Thursday killing at least 4 people and wounding 23 others.
    (Reuters, 11/24/05)
2005        Nov 24, In Israel Ariel Sharon's fledgling political party "Forward" officially registered itself.
    (AP, 11/24/05)
2005        Nov 24, The anti-terror bureau of PM Ariel Sharon's office issued an unprecedented alert, warning that Hezbollah has launched an effort to kidnap Israelis anywhere in the world.
    (AP, 11/26/05)
2005        Nov 24, Iyad Abu Rob, a top Islamic Jihad militant, surrendered to Israeli soldiers in Jenin. In a separate operation, 2 wanted men surrendered after Israeli troops surrounded two houses in the village of Kfar Kalil near Nablus. Another man was shot, but his condition was not known.
    (AP, 11/24/05)
2005        Nov 24, Japan finalized an agreement to forgive $6.1 billion of Iraqi debt, or about 80% of the total owed by Baghdad.
    (AP, 11/24/05)
2005        Nov 24, Jordan's King Abdullah II named Marouf al-Bakhit as the new prime minister hours after the resignation of Adnan Badran. The king urged the new PM to launch an all-out war against Islamic militancy in the wake of the triple hotel bombings earlier this month that killed 63 people.
    (AP, 11/24/05)(SFC, 11/25/05, p.A3)
2005        Nov 24, In Northern Ireland Abbas Boutrab (32), an Algerian man, was convicted of possessing information on making a concealed bomb that could be used to blow up a commercial airliner. Police initially arrested Boutrab in 2003 on suspicion of being an illegal immigrant.
    (AP, 11/24/05)
2005        Nov 24, Peruvian lawmakers voted to trim a hefty year-end bonus, bowing to public outrage in one of Latin America's poorest countries.
    (AP, 11/24/05)
2005        Nov 24, In Peru 16 people were killed when a passenger bus plunged into a river.
    (AP, 11/24/05)
2005        Nov 24, Russia’s Pres. Putin vowed to make sure a controversial bill tightening state control over the nonprofit sector doesn’t harm civil society.
    (WSJ, 11/25/05, p.A9)
2005        Nov 24, Serbia's president Boris Tadic formally proposed dividing Kosovo between its independence-seeking Albanian majority and a Serb minority as the chief UN mediator met with government officials.
    (AP, 11/25/05)
2005        Nov 24, The UN food agency said the United States has thrown a lifeline to six southern African countries, donating food aid valued at $45 million. The food will be distributed across Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
    (AP, 11/24/05)
2005        Nov 24, Uzbek authorities arrested Rukhitdin Fahrutdinov (38), an alleged Islamic radical and their most wanted fugitive, who had been hiding out in neighboring Kazakhstan. Human Rights Watch said Fahrutdinov was detained in Shymkent with at least 8 other Uzbek suspects and that all were extradited secretly and forcibly.
    (AP, 12/24/05)

2005        Nov 25, It was reported that thieves in Baltimore had stolen some 130 aluminum light poles over the last few weeks.
    (SFC, 11/25/05, p.A8)
2005        Nov 25, Massachusetts’ attorney general said it is opening an investigation into several supermarkets that opened on Thanksgiving in defiance of the state’s Puritan-era blue laws.
    (SFC, 11/26/05, p.C2)
2005        Nov 25, Nine inmates escaped from the Yakima County Jail in Washington state; all were recaptured, although one was at large for three weeks.
    (AP, 11/25/06)
2005        Nov 25, Members of the Convention on Migratory Species (CMS) gave the title of "endangered" to 11 new species.
    (AP, 11/25/05)
2005        Nov 25, In Afghanistan a Swedish soldier died from wounds suffered in a roadside bomb blast. He was one of 4 wounded by the blast in Mazar-e-Sharif.
    (AP, 11/26/05)
2005        Nov 25, The European Project for Ice Coring in Antarctica reported that carbon dioxide in the current atmosphere is greater than at any time during the last 650,000 years.
    (SFC, 11/25/05, p.A1)
2005        Nov 25, In Belgium a one-day strike interrupted production at the Volkswagen AG plant in the outskirts of Brussels as trade unions protested planned government changes to retirement policy.
    (AP, 11/25/05)
2005        Nov 25, George Best (59), one of the most dazzling players in soccer history who also reveled in a hard-drinking, playboy lifestyle, died in London after decades of alcohol abuse.
    (AP, 11/25/05)
2005        Nov 25, Canada pledged $4.3 billion in a landmark deal with Indian and northern Inuit communities to help lift them from the poverty and disease that has plagued their neglected reserves for more than a century.
    (AP, 11/26/05)
2005        Nov 25, Pushing China's foreign exchange reform ahead by another step, the central bank carried out its first currency swap deals with local banks in a move that could help bring more flexibility to the market.
    (AP, 11/25/05)
2005        Nov 25, China's Ministry of Agriculture confirmed a bird flu outbreak in Zalantun city in northern China's Inner Mongolia bringing to 23 the number of outbreaks of the disease.
    (Reuters, 11/25/05)
2005        Nov 25, Newspapers in Dubai reported that police had raided a hotel chalet in Ghantout and arrested 26 men as they celebrated a wedding ceremony. 22 of the 26 arrested were from the Emirates.
    (SSFC, 11/27/05, p.A23)
2005        Nov 25, EU Enlargement Commissioner Olli Rehn officially opened landmark negotiations on closer ties between Bosnia and the 25-member European Union.
    (AP, 11/25/05)
2005        Nov 25, In Guadeloupe youths set up flaming tire barricades and threw rocks at police in clashes sparked by a motorcycle crash at a police checkpoint.
    (AP, 11/25/05)
2005        Nov 25, In India more than 60 people were feared drowned after two crowded buses were washed away in floods in the southern state of Tamil Nadu.
    (AP, 11/25/05)
2005        Nov 25, Indonesia said it would begin producing the bird flu drug Tamiflu, while Vietnam and China reported new outbreaks of the virus among poultry.
    (AP, 11/25/05)
2005        Nov 25, Susanne Osthoff, a German aid worker and archaeologist, was kidnapped in Iraq; she was released more than three weeks later.
    (AP, 11/25/06)
2005        Nov 25, Israel handed over the remains of three Hezbollah guerrillas to Lebanon in a bid to defuse tensions after fierce border clashes, but Hezbollah's leader said his group will keep trying to kidnap Israeli soldiers.
    (AP, 11/25/05)
2005        Nov 25, Across Italy public transportation ground to a halt, public offices shut down and thousands rallied as part of a general strike against the government's 2006 budget.
    (AP, 11/25/05)
2005        Nov 25, In Lithuania the prosecutor general's office said a Lithuanian man suspected of helping Nazis round up Jews during World War II will stand trial in a Vilnius court. Algimantas Dailide (84), who moved to the US in 1955 and lived there until he was deported in 2003 for lying about his wartime past, is accused of being a member of the Nazi-sponsored Lithuanian Security Police, known as the Saugumas, which took part in the arrests of Jews during the war.
    (AP, 11/25/05)
2005        Nov 25, Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas opened the Gaza-Egypt border in a festive ceremony, a milestone for the Palestinians who for the first time took control of a frontier crossing without Israeli veto powers and gained some freedom of movement.
    (AP, 11/25/05)
2005        Nov 25, Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas' Fatah party held primaries in six West Bank cities to choose candidates for a January parliament election.
    (AP, 11/25/05)
2005        Nov 25, Poland's defense minister signed an order that will give researchers access to most of the Warsaw Pact's top-secret archives, including decisions related to the 1968 invasion of Czechoslovakia.
    (AP, 11/25/05)
2005        Nov 25, Hissene Habre, Chad's former dictator, was freed after a Senegalese court said it had no jurisdiction to rule on his extradition to Belgium to stand trial for war crimes.
    (AP, 11/25/05)
2005        Nov 25, Slovakia joined the European Exchange Rate Mechanism (ERM) as a first step towards adopting the European Union's common euro currency.
    (AFP, 11/26/05)
2005        Nov 25, Swiss authorities said they will block major foreign acquisitions by the telecommunications operator Swisscom because of financial risk to the state, which holds most of the company's shares.
    (AFP, 11/25/05)
2005        Nov 25, In Vietnam former British glam rocker Gary Glitter was charged with committing "obscene acts with children" and could face more serious charges that carry the death penalty.
    (AP, 11/25/05)

2005        Nov 26, The US military said 4 US soldiers face disciplinary action for burning the bodies of two Taliban rebels, but they will not be charged with crimes because their actions were motivated by hygienic concerns.
    (AP, 11/26/05)
2005        Nov 26, The SF Bay Area crab fleet ended their pricing standoff after pacific Seafood agreed to a $1.75 price per pound.
    (SSFC, 11/27/05, p.A1)
2005        Nov 26, Stan Berenstain (82), who with wife Jan wrote and illustrated the Berenstain Bear books, died in suburban Philadelphia.
    (AP, 11/26/06)
2005        Nov 26, Afghanistan’s defense ministry said troops foiled a bomb attack in Kabul with the arrest of six suspected militants and their explosives-packed vehicle.
    (AFP, 11/26/05)
2005        Nov 26, Suspected Taliban militants burned down a district police headquarters and abducted four officers.
    (AP, 11/26/05)
2005        Nov 26, In Azerbaijan truncheon-wielding police in riot gear beat opposition protesters who gathered in Baku shouting "Freedom!" and demanding a revote of disputed parliamentary elections.
    (AP, 11/26/05)
2005        Nov 25, In Bangladesh thousands of women rallied in Dhaka to demand that developed nations open their doors to workers and products from poor nations.
    (AP, 11/25/05)
2005        Nov 26, Bosnia's southern town of Mostar unveiled the world's first statue of kung fu legend Bruce Lee, paying homage to a childhood hero of all its divided ethnic groups.
    (Reuters, 11/28/05)
2005        Nov 26, A magnitude 5.7 earthquake shook part of central China, killing at least 15 people, injuring more than 450 and destroying hundreds of buildings.
    (AP, 11/26/05)
2005        Nov 26, Police detained at least 140 members of Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood as Egyptians voted in a parliamentary runoff.
    (AP, 11/26/05)
2005        Nov 26, In India Sohrabuddin Sheikh, a suspected extortioner whose murdered. The police initially claimed that Sohrabuddin was a terrorist with Lashkar-e-Toiba connections, and had died while trying to escape. The killing was orchestrated by senior police officers of the Indian Police Service, and was allegedly ordered by Gujarat minister for home Amit Shah.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sohrabuddin_Sheikh_fake_encounter)
2005        Nov 26, Vijaypat Singhania (67), an Indian textile millionaire, apparently broke the world record for the highest flight in a hot air balloon. His son Gautam Singhania said the 44-ton balloon climbed nearly 70,000 feet. The previous world record was 64,997 feet, set by Sweden's Per Lindstrand in Plano, Texas, in June 1988.
    (AP, 11/26/05)
2005        Nov 26, In Iraq a suicide bomber drove his pickup truck into a crowded gas station north of Baghdad and killed 12 people. A 2nd car bomb targeting a convoy of foreigners killed four others in the capital.
    (AP, 11/26/05)
2005        Nov 26, A US Marine died when his vehicle was hit by a roadside bomb near Camp Taqaddum, 45 miles west of Baghdad. Iraqi police arrested 8 Sunni Arabs in the northern city of Kirkuk for allegedly plotting to assassinate the investigating judge who prepared the case against Saddam Hussein.
    (AP, 11/27/05)
2005        Nov 26, In Iraq 4 humanitarian workers, including two Canadians, were kidnapped. Canadian hostages James Loney (41), and Harmeet Singh Sooden (32); Tom Fox (54), of Clear Brook, Va., and Norman Kember (74), of London, had been warned repeatedly by Iraqi and Western security officials before being abducted that they were taking a grave risk by moving around Baghdad without bodyguards. Fox’s body was found Mar 9, 2006.
    (CP, 11/27/05)(AP, 1/28/06)(AP, 3/11/06)
2005        Nov 26, Japan reported that its space probe Hayabusa had landed on the surface of the Itokawa asteroid and then collected rock samples that could give clues to the origin of the solar system. Data on the sample collection was later subject to question.
    (Reuters, 11/26/05)(AP, 12/07/05)
2005        Nov 26, Preliminary results showed jailed Palestinian uprising leader Marwan Barghouti and other younger activists swept Fatah primaries, signaling a change of generations that could make the corruption-tainted ruling party more attractive to voters in Jan. 25 parliament elections.
    (AP, 11/26/05)
2005        Nov 26, In Zimbabwe senate elections drew a low turnout under partial boycotting by the opposition over accusations the poll is designed to consolidate President Robert Mugabe's rule.
    (Reuters, 11/26/05)

2005        Nov 27, In Santa Maria, Ca., a Greyhound bus overturned, killing two people and injuring dozens of others.
    (AP, 11/27/05)
2005         Nov 27, Actress Jocelyn Brando (86), older sister of Marlon Brando, died in Santa Monica, Calif.
    (AP, 11/27/06)
2005        Nov 27, Joe Jones (79) died in Los Angeles. He sang the 1961 hit "You Talk Too Much."
    (AP, 11/27/06)
2005        Nov 27, Residents of Chechnya began voting in the latest in a series of elections that are part of efforts to bring stability and peace.
    (AP, 11/27/05)
2005        Nov 27, Running water was restored in Harbin, China, a city of 3.8 million people where a chemical spill forced a 5-day shutdown. Officials warned it was not immediately safe to drink.
    (AP, 11/27/05)
2005        Nov 27, In northeast China coal dust caught fire at the Dongfeng coal mine in the city of Qitai while 221 miners were working underground. The final death toll reached 171. In 2007 the owner and four employees of the mine were sentenced to prison terms ranging from 3 1/2 to six years.
    (AP, 11/28/05)(AP, 12/06/05)(AP, 12/22/07)
2005        Nov 27, Colombian President Alvaro Uribe formally announced that he will run for a second term in next year's elections, saying he needed four more years to accomplish his goals of restoring security to the country and spurring economic growth.
    (AP, 11/27/05)
2005        Nov 27, In Egypt the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood captured 29 more seats in weekend parliamentary runoff elections.
    (AP, 11/27/05)
2005        Nov 27, Doctors in France performed the world's first partial face transplant on a woman disfigured by a dog bite; Isabelle Dinoire received the lips, nose and chin of a brain-dead woman in a 15-hour operation.
    (AP, 11/27/06)
2005        Nov 27, Gabon President Omar Bongo, Africa's longest-serving ruler, was re-elected to another seven-year term in office with a landslide 79% of the vote.
    (AP, 11/29/05)
2005        Nov 27, Hondurans voted for president with Porfiro Lobo, a hard-line death penalty proponent of the ruling National Party, favored over Manuel Zelaya, the Liberal Party candidate. Opposition candidate Mel Zelaya, who vowed to reinvigorate the economy by eliminating government corruption, was elected as the country's new president.
    (WSJ, 11/26/05, p.A1)(AP, 11/28/05)
2005        Nov 27, Honduran police recaptured Herlan Colindres (16), who is accused of killing Timothy Markey, a US Drug Enforcement Administration agent on July 29 this year. It was Colindres’ second escape in less than four months and the fifth in three years.
    (AP, 11/27/05)
2005        Nov 27, In southern Iran an earthquake measuring at least magnitude-5.9 shook a sparsely populated area, flattening seven villages and killing 10 people.
    (AP, 11/27/05)
2005        Nov 27, Voters in Liechtenstein soundly rejected an initiative that critics said would have prevented abortion, birth control, assisted suicide and living wills.
    (AP, 11/27/05)
2005        Nov 27, A Home Ministry source said Myanmar's military junta has extended opposition leader and Nobel Peace Prize laureate Aung San Suu Kyi's period of house arrest for another 12 months.
    (AP, 11/27/05)
2005        Nov 27, Philippine President Gloria Arroyo declared the 23rd Southeast Asian Games open in a glittering ceremony at the Aquino sports stadium in Central Manila. An estimated 5,336 athletes will compete in 41 events which will run from November 27 to December 5. The 11 participating countries included Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, East Timor and Vietnam.
    (AP, 11/27/05)
2005        Nov 27, Two women were elected to a chamber of commerce in Jiddah, the first to win any such post in Saudi Arabia, where women are largely barred from political life.
    (AP, 11/30/05)
2005        Nov 27, Senegal's foreign minister said the African Union will decide the fate of Chad's former dictator, wanted in Belgium for trial on human-rights abuses allegedly committed during his regime.
    (AP, 11/28/05)
2005        Nov 27, Pirates freed a Ukrainian cargo ship seized nearly 40 days ago off the coast of Somalia. The Panahia and its 22 crew members were seized Oct 18. It was not immediately clear if the $700,000 ransom demanded by the pirates had been paid.
    (AP, 11/27/05)
2005        Nov 27, Swiss voters approved a blanket five-year ban on the use of genetically modified organisms in farming. Switzerland already prohibits most of such technology from being used in agriculture.
    (AP, 11/27/05)
2005        Nov 27, In Yemen a suspected al-Qaida ally was executed by a firing squad after being convicted of killing a prominent politician and plotting a deadly attack on three American missionaries in 2002.
    (AP, 11/27/05)
2005        Nov 27, Zimbabwe's ruling party swept an overwhelming majority of seats in a newly created Senate, according to partial results from an election marked by record-low turnout and a deeply divided opposition.
    (AP, 11/27/05)

2005        Nov 28, Randy "Duke" Cunningham (63), a Republican US congressman, resigned after pleading guilty in San Diego, Ca., to taking 2.4 million dollars in bribes in return from a military contractor to influence the award of defense deals. Cunningham’s exploits as a Navy fighter pilot inspired the 1986 film “Top Gun." In 2007 Seth Hettena authored “Feasting on the Spoils: The Life and Times of Randy “Duke" Cunningham, History’s Most Corrupt Congressman," and Marcus Stern, Jerry Kammer, Dean Calbreath, and George E. Condon Jr. authored, a team from the San Diego Tribune, "The Wrong Stuff." 
    (AFP, 11/28/05)(Econ, 12/3/05, p.32)
2005        Nov 28, A new phenomenon called “Cyber Monday" took effect as millions of Americans returned to work after the Thanksgiving and used office computers to shop for Christmas presents.
    (Econ, 12/3/05, p.57)
2005        Nov 28, Drugmaker Merck & Co. said it will cut 7,000 jobs, 11% of its work force, and close or sell five manufacturing plants in the first phase of a reorganization meant to save up to $4 billion by the end of the decade.
    (AP, 11/28/05)
2005        Nov 28, Marc Lawrence (95), actor who often played the bad guy, died in Palm Springs. His films included “Shepherd of the Hills" (1941) and “From Dusk Till Dawn" (1996).
    (SFC, 12/6/05, p.B5)
2005        Nov 28, In Canada opposition parties seized upon a corruption scandal to bring down the minority government of PM Paul Martin in a vote of no confidence. The Conservative Party teamed up with the New Democratic and Bloc Quebecois parties to bring down the government, claiming the ruling Liberal Party had lost its moral authority.
    (AP, 11/29/05)
2005        Nov 28, Thousands of environmentalists and government officials from around the world gathered in Montreal for a UN conference to brainstorm on how to slow the effects of greenhouses gases and global warming. The US defended its decision not to sign the Kyoto Protocol, saying during the opening of a global summit on climate change that it is doing more than most countries to protect the earth's atmosphere.
    (AP, 11/28/05)
2005        Nov 28, A top pro-Kremlin party led in early returns from Chechnya's first parliamentary election since federal troops reinvaded more than six years ago, and President Vladimir Putin hailed the vote as a key to restoring law and order.
    (AP, 11/28/05)
2005        Nov 28, In eastern Democratic Republic of Congo, at least 60 people were killed when they were swept off the roof of a train into the river below as the train crossed a bridge.
    (AP, 11/29/05)
2005        Nov 28, Egyptian police arrested nearly 200 Muslim Brotherhood activists in a crackdown the opposition Islamist group said was designed to weaken its chances in parliamentary elections this week.
    (AP, 11/28/05)
2005        Nov 28, EU Justice and Home Affairs Commissioner Franco Frattini warned that that any of the 25 bloc nations found to have operated secret CIA prisons could have their EU voting rights suspended.
    (AP, 11/28/05)
2005        Nov 28, The European Union managed to get Israel and its Arab neighbors to endorse an anti-terrorism code of conduct at the end of a fractious two-day summit.
    (AP, 11/28/05)
2005        Nov 28, In Iraq the trial of Saddam Hussein resumed with the former Iraqi president trying to take command of the courtroom and angrily complaining about being shackled and mistreated by foreign guards.
    (AP, 11/28/05)
2005        Nov 28, Sheik Bashir Hadi Fakhreddine, Sunni imam of Bilal al-Habashi mosque in Kirkuk, kidnapped 10 days ago in eastern Baghdad along with his friend Seif Abdullah, were found dead in Baghdad.
    (AP, 11/29/05)
2005        Nov 28, Mexico changed its constitution to allow state and local police to pursue drug traffickers, removing a major stumbling block in anti-drug efforts that had long been the exclusive realm of federal officers.
    (AP, 11/28/05)
2005        Nov 28, Nepal's Supreme Court ordered an end to a discriminatory practice that required women under age 35 to get written consent from her parents or husband to get a passport. The law had been previously enforced as a measure to fight the trafficking of women.
    (AP, 11/29/05)
2005        Nov 28, In Nigeria hundreds of troops armed with rocket launchers and machine guns manned check points in the oil-producing Bayelsa state as protesters staged rival rallies over the impeachment of the state governor.
    (AP, 11/28/05)
2005        Nov 28, North Korea demanded compensation from the United States over a scuttled project to build two nuclear reactors in the communist nation under a 1994 agreement.
    (AP, 11/28/05)
2005        Nov 28, The Palestinians' ruling Fatah Party halted its primary election across the Gaza Strip after angry gunmen shot in the air at several polling stations, stole some ballot boxes and destroyed others.
    (AP, 11/28/05)
2005        Nov 28, Spain agreed to sell 12 military planes and eight patrol boats to Venezuela in a $2 billion deal that the United States has threatened to block.
    (AP, 11/29/05)

2005        Nov 29, Broad areas of the Dakotas remained shut down by the Plains' first blizzard of the season, with highways closed by blowing, drifting snow and thousands of people without electricity as temperatures hit the low teens. In Colorado eastbound I-70 was closed.
    (AP, 11/29/05)(WSJ, 11/29/05, p.A1)
2005        Nov 29, In Gainesville, Ga, Lisa Lynette (37) was indicted on charges of child molestation, statutory rape and enticing a child for indecent purposes. She was arrested soon after her Nov 8 wedding to the boy whose child she carried.
    (SFC, 12/1/05, p.A3)
2005        Nov 29, Ohio carried out the nation's 999th execution since 1977, putting to death a man who strangled his mother-in-law while high on cocaine and later killed his 5-year-old stepdaughter to cover up the crime.
    (AP, 11/29/05)
2005        Nov 29, In Virginia Gov. Mark Warner granted clemency to convicted killer Robin Lovitt, who faced death for the 1998 killing of Clayton Dicks, a pool hall manager in Arlington.
    (SFC, 11/30/05, p.A16)
2005        Nov 29, Actress Wendie Jo Sperber (47), who starred opposite Tom Hanks on TV's "Bosom Buddies" and who in his words became "a walking inspiration" after she contracted cancer, died in Los Angeles.
    (AP, 12/01/05)
2005        Nov 29, In Bangladesh suicide bombers targeting courthouses in 2 cities killed at least eight people and injured 66 in what appeared to be the latest attack by militant Muslims intent on imposing harsh Islamic law.
    (AP, 11/29/05)(SFC, 11/30/05, p.A14)
2005        Nov 29, France's lower house of parliament overwhelmingly approved a tough new anti-terrorism bill that, among other measures, would increase the use of video surveillance and allow police more time to question terror suspects.
    (AP, 11/29/05)
2005        Nov 29, Iraq's interior ministry banned all non-Iraqi Arabs from entering the country until further notice as part of security measures for the Dec. 15 general elections. Al-Jazeera broadcast video of four Western peace activists held hostage by a previously unknown group, the Swords of Righteousness Brigade. 3 of the hostages were later released, but one of them, American Tom Fox, was killed. Photos broadcast showed a blindfolded German woman being led away by armed captors in the latest kidnapping of a Westerner in Iraq. Six Iranian pilgrims, meanwhile, were abducted by gunmen north of Baghdad. Two US soldiers were killed when their patrol was hit by a roadside bomb north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 12/02/05)(AP, 11/29/06)
2005        Nov 29, In Jordan more than 370 members of the clan of al-Qaida in Iraq leader Abu Musab al-Zarqawi joined his family in publishing a full-page letter in Jordanian newspapers disowning him.
    (AP, 11/29/05)
2005        Nov 29, Mexico's Supreme Court ruled that suspects facing life in prison can be extradited, overturning a 4-year-old ban that had prevented many of the country's most notorious criminals from being sent to the United States.
    (AP, 11/29/05)
2005        Nov 29, CINTRA sold Mexicana airlines and its subsidiary, Click Mexicana, to the Mexican hotel chain Grupo Posadas for USD$165.5 million.
    (Econ, 8/14/10, p.53)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mexicana_de_Aviaci%C3%B3n)
2005        Nov 29, In Northern Ireland 2 bank employees were arrested on suspicion of involvement in the Dec 20, 2004, robbery of their Belfast bank, raising questions about whether the British-record theft could have been an inside job.
    (AP, 11/29/05)
2005        Nov 29, A panel in North Ossetia investigating last year's bloody school hostage siege in the southern Russian town of Beslan blamed the authorities for botching the rescue efforts and urged them to punish the culprits.
    (AP, 11/29/05)
2005        Nov 29, In South Africa the mother of Deon van der Walt (47), acclaimed opera singer, found her son in his bedroom with two gunshot wounds to his chest. She also found her husband with a gunshot wound to the temple and a gun by his side. The family lived on a wine estate in the town of Paarl, just outside Cape Town.
    (AP, 11/30/05)
2005        Nov 29, A Sudanese Darfur rebel faction said it attacked a town in West Darfur state, killing 37 soldiers and police, to push for its inclusion in peace talks due to open in the Nigerian capital Abuja later in the day.
    (AP, 11/29/05)
2005        Nov 29, The Vatican published its long-awaited document on gays in the clergy, saying men with "deep-seated" homosexual tendencies should not be ordained but those with a "transitory problem" could be if they had overcome them for three years.
    (AP, 11/29/05)
2005        Nov 29, Thousands of people lined the streets as the Roman Catholic Church ordained 57 new priests in an unprecedented ceremony that added the single largest number of priests in Vietnam at one time.
    (AP, 11/29/05)

2005         Nov 30, President Bush gave an unflinching defense of his Iraq war strategy in a speech at the U.S. Naval Academy, refusing to set a timetable for US troop withdrawals and asserting that once-shaky Iraqi troops were proving increasingly capable.
    (AP, 11/30/06)
2005        Nov 30, The Atlantic storm season ended with a record 26 as tropical storm Epsilon formed without posing a risk.
    (WSJ, 11/30/05, p.A1)
2005        Nov 30, After almost a year of research into data from the space probe Huygens, scientists reported that Saturn's moon Titan resembles Earth in many ways but is unlikely to support life.
    (Reuters, 11/30/05)
2005        Nov 30, Actress Jean Parker died in Woodland Hills, Calif., at age 90.
    (AP, 11/30/06)
2005        Nov 30, Human Rights Watch in Italy released a list of 26 “ghost detainees" held by the US incommunicado at secret foreign prisons.
    (SFC, 12/2/05, p.A19)
2005        Nov 30, Belgian police arrested 14 people in raids on several homes as part of a probe into a woman thought to be the first European female suicide bomber in Iraq.
    (AFP, 11/30/05)
2005        Nov 30, Brazils’ government said federal police are evicting settlers and loggers from an Amazon area that experts believe is home to one of the world's most isolated Indian tribes.
    (AP, 11/30/05)
2005        Nov 30, In London Uganda-born John Sentamu was enthroned as the first black archbishop in the Church of England.
    (AP, 11/30/05)
2005        Nov 30, Dalianhe, China, shut down its water system as a toxic slick caused by the Nov 13 chemical plant explosion at Jilin arrived on the Songhua River.
    (AP, 11/30/05)
2005        Nov 30, SF mayor Gavin Newsom signed a new memorandum of agreement with Shanghai Mayor Han Zheng, the 8th since the 2 cities forged a formal relationship in 1980.
    (SFC, 12/1/05, p.B10)
2005        Nov 30, In Cuba Panama's President Martin Torrijos greeted dozens of his compatriots as they arrived in Havana for free eye operations, the latest sign of warming relations between the two countries.
    (AP, 12/01/05)
2005        Nov 30, Ecuador swore in a new Supreme Court, seven months after former President Lucio Gutierrez dismissed the entire bench, a move that led to his ouster.
    (AP, 11/30/05)
2005        Nov 30, The Muslim Brotherhood said Egyptian police rounded up hundreds of Muslim Brotherhood organizers in the two days before the last stage of parliamentary elections, bringing the total in two weeks to over 1,600.
    (AP, 11/30/05)
2005        Nov 30, French doctors performed the world’s 1st partial face transplant. They operated on a woman (38) disfigured by a dog bite.
    (SFC, 12/1/05, p.A1)
2005        Nov 30, Iraqi and US troops launched a joint operation in an area west of Baghdad used to rig car bombs. American soldiers rounded up 33 suspected insurgents in southern parts of Baghdad. Gunmen shot to death 9 Shiite Muslim laborers near Baquba.
    (SFC, 12/1/05, p.A17)
2005        Nov 30, Shimon Peres quit Israel's Labor Party, his political home of six decades, to campaign for Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon's new organization. Israel's Supreme Court ruled that a suspected Israeli mob boss, described by US prosecutors as one of the world's most wanted drug traffickers, can be extradited to the US.
    (AP, 11/30/05)(AP, 11/30/06)
2005        Nov 30, A Tokyo appeals court ordered the Japanese government to pay more than $27 million in compensation to residents affected by noise from a US air base, raising the amount awarded by a lower court.
    (AP, 11/30/05)
2005        Nov 30, In Japan police arrested Juan Carlos Pizarro Yagi (30), a Peruvian man of Japanese descent, for the murder of 7-year-old schoolgirl whose body was found Nov 22 in a cardboard box in western Japan. A DNA match led to the arrest.
    (AP, 12/01/05)
2005        Nov 30, Mexican officials said that they are investigating a homemade DVD purporting to show four drug hitmen for the Gulf Cartel being beaten and interrogated, then one of them being shot in the head.
    (AP, 12/01/05)
2005        Nov 30, The Yugoslav war crimes tribunal acquitted Fatmir Limaj, a senior officer of the Kosovo Albanian rebels, of torturing and murdering ethnic Serbian and Albanian civilians at a prison camp during the 1998-1999 war. A 2nd defendant, Isak Musliu, was also acquitted, while the third, Haradin Bala, was sentenced to 13 years in prison for executing nine prisoners in the woods in July 1998.
    (AP, 12/01/05)

2005        Nov, China decided to implement int’l. accounting standards. Rules to this end went into effect in January 2007.
    (Econ, 1/13/07, p.63)
2005        Nov, Colombia announced a 5-fold increase in its aid budget for its “desplazados," refugees uprooted by internal strife, to over $400 million a year.
    (Econ, 2/11/06, p.38)
2005        Nov, Congolese soldiers engaged in a 6-day operation to clear militias from Virunga National Park. 14 rebels were killed and 321 captured.
    (WSJ, 11/19/05, p.A8)
2005        Nov, India’s government partially freed the market for distressed debt. This allowed foreigners to take direct stakes of up to 49% in companies managing distressed assets.
    (Econ, 12/10/05, p.84)
2005        Nov, In Italy opposition politicians claimed that tax evasion adds up to as much as $234 billion a year.
    (Econ, 11/26/05, Italy p.12)
2005        Nov, John Githongo, Kenya’s former adviser on corruption, sent a 36-page summary of his investigations to Pres. Kibaki and to the Kenya Anti-Corruption Commission. When neither responded he passed the dossier to a Kenyan newspaper, the Daily Nation, which began exposing the contents on Jan 22, 2006. In 2015 seven former officials were charged with fraud exposed by Githongo.  
    (Econ, 1/28/06, p.45)(Econ., 3/21/15, p.42)
2005        Nov, In western Spain officers of Seprona, the environmental unit of the paramilitary Civil Guard, arrested hunters skinning a Bengal tiger. Agents also found another tiger and lion in cages waiting their turn to be hunted. In the 1st half of the year officers confiscated 678 illegally imported live animals.
    (WSJ, 4/12/06, p.A1)
2005         Nov, Bill Browder, manager of a large Russian investment fund, was turned back from Russia when he landed in Moscow as a threat to national security. In 2008 Browder complained that a gang of bent policemen had stolen his Russian companies and used them to embezzle $230 million of state funds. His lawyer, Sergei Magnitsky, died in 2009 while in jail.
    (Econ, 3/25/06, p.70)(Econ, 11/28/09, p.57)
2005        Nov, Jacques Diouf of Senegal was re-elected as the UN’s head of the Rome-based Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).
    (Econ, 11/26/05, p.60)

2005        Nov-2005 Dec, In San Francisco between 39,488 and 53,988 gallons of diesel fuel leaked over 4 weeks from an underground storage tank at the John Muir Motor Coach yard at 1095 Indiana St. Muni workers had disabled an alarm system that would have warned of the leak. In 2009 the US EPA sought a $250,000 settlement for the leak which allowed fuel to enter a storm drain leading the SF Bay.
    (SFC, 11/3/09, p.C1)

2005        Dec 1, The US government signed an agreement in Kabul committing itself to grants over five years for development in war-ravaged Afghanistan that could amount to about five billion dollars.
    (AFP, 12/01/05)
2005        Dec 1, A jury in Sarasota, Fla., recommended the death sentence for Joseph Smith, the killer of 11-year-old Carlie Brucia.
    (AP, 12/1/06)
2005        Dec 1, A dog and its owner found the bodies of Sarah and Philip Gehring, two children who'd been fatally shot by their father and buried in rural Ohio.
    (AP, 12/1/06)
2005        Dec 1, Countries across the globe marked the 18th World AIDS Day as the UN warned that drastic action was needed to counter the global epidemic. The number of people living with HIV in 2005 was 40.3 million, the highest figure ever.
    (AFP, 12/01/05)
2005        Dec 1, Scientists reported that current flow  in the Atlantic had slowed 30% over the past 5 decades. Computer models had predicted that global warming could disrupt the way Earth regulates heat.
    (SFC, 12/1/05, p.A7)
2005        Dec 1, Howard Gotlieb (79), archivist at Boston Univ., died.
    (Econ, 12/10/05, p.98)
2005        Dec 1, Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) board member Robert Gerard announced his resignation, a week after revelations about his disputes with the tax office.
    (AFP, 12/01/05)
2005        Dec 1, Australia and East Timor finalized a revenue-sharing pact covering the $5 billion Sunrise natural-gas project.
    (WSJ, 12/2/05, p.A8)
2005        Dec 1, Researchers in Gabon reported that 3 species of fruit bats served as the animal reservoir of the Ebola virus. The deadly disease 1st emerged in 1976.
    (SFC, 12/1/05, p.A7)
2005        Dec 1, In Bangladesh a bomb thrown by an Islamic militant disguised as a tea vendor exploded outside a government building in Gazipur, killing one person and wounding at least 29. The militant was hurt and captured after the blast.
    (AP, 12/01/05)
2005        Dec 1, In Bangladesh 9 wedding guests died of suspected alcohol poisoning from drinking toxic home-brewed liquor the previous evening in a northeastern village.
    (AP, 12/01/05)
2005        Dec 1, Brazil's Congress voted to expel Rep. Jose Dirceu (59), the president's former chief-of-staff, and bar him from holding public office for 8 years amid a corruption scandal that has rocked the government.
    (AP, 12/01/05)
2005        Dec 1, Brazilian authorities said they have arrested three more men suspected of taking part in the August $70 million cash heist, and that a fourth allegedly has been kidnapped.
    (AP, 12/01/05)
2005        Dec 1, In Egypt riot police battled voters, killing one person and blocking entry to polling stations in opposition strongholds in the third and final round of legislative elections.
    (AP, 12/01/05)
2005        Dec 1, In Salamina, Greece, an 80-year-old woman was found strangled to death. Police the next day arrested 3 children (7,8,14) for the robbery and strangling.
    (AP, 12/01/05)
2005        Dec 1, Thousands marched in anti-AIDS rallies in India's plagued northeast, while China rolled out a campaign targeting millions of migrant workers to mark World AIDS Day.
    (AP, 12/01/05)
2005        Dec 1, In Iraq 10 Marines on foot patrol were killed and 11 wounded by a roadside bomb near Fallujah in one of the deadliest attack on American troops in recent months.
    (AP, 12/02/05)
2005        Dec 1, The Mexican Attorney General's office said 11 federal agents were charged with kidnapping for picking up four alleged drug hit men and possibly helping kill them.
    (AP, 12/02/05)
2005        Dec 1, Hamza Rabia, one of al-Qaida's top five leaders, a key associate of Ayman al-Zawahri, was tracked down with US help and killed by Pakistani security forces in a rocket attack near the Afghan border. Pakistani authorities said he was killed with 5 other militants.
    (AP, 12/03/05)(SSFC, 12/4/05, p.A3)
2005        Dec 1, Russian press said the Far East city of Khabarovsk, in the path of a toxic spill from a Chinese plant explosion, has enough drinking water reserves to last more than 10 days.
    (AP, 12/01/05)
2005        Dec 1, South Africa's highest court ruled it is unconstitutional to prevent gay people from marrying, paving the way for the country to become the first to legalize same-sex unions on a continent where homosexuality remains largely taboo.
    (AP, 12/01/05)
2005        Dec 1, About 60,000 South Korean workers defied a government warning by going on strike to demand better protection for part-time workers.
    (AP, 12/01/05)
2005        Dec 1, in northern Switzerland a pack of dogs mauled a boy walking to his kindergarten class killing him instantly.
    (AP, 12/01/05)
2005        Dec 1, The United Arab Emirates announced it will hold a limited form of voting to pick members of a consultative council, a small step toward widening political participation in a country that has never held elections.
    (AP, 12/01/05)
2005        Dec 1, A UN Security Council committee called on all governments to freeze the assets and travel of two individuals linked to international gunrunner Victor Bout over past arms sales to Liberia. The council added Syrian-born accountant Richard Ammar Chichakli of Texas and Ukrainian-born businessman Valeriy Naydo, with an address in the United Arab Emirates, to its list of people whose assets and travel are to be frozen around the world.
    (AP, 12/01/05)
2005        Dec 1, Zimbabwe signed an agreement with the UN food agency to feed at least 3 million people after previously denying major shortages.
    (AP, 12/01/05)

2005        Dec 2, In North Carolina Kenneth Lee Boyd, a double murderer who said he didn't want to be known as a number, became the 1,000th person executed in the United States since capital punishment resumed 28 years ago.
    (AP, 12/02/05)
2005        Dec 2, The G-7 finance ministers and central bankers discussed interest rates, high energy prices, inflation and trade imbalances for the final time under Britain's leadership. The meeting was Alan Greenspan's last G-7 appearance as Federal Reserve chairman.
    (AP, 12/02/05)
2005        Dec 2, In southern Afghanistan a remote-controlled bomb ripped through a vehicle killing a district government chief and two police officers and wounding three others.
    (AP, 12/03/05)
2005        Dec 2, Peter Menegazzo, one of Australia's main cattle barons, was among four people killed in a light plane crash in the Outback.
    (AP, 12/03/05)
2005        Dec 2, Belarus' lower house of parliament passed legislation that would make it a crime to discredit the state, be a member of the political opposition or an advocate for human rights.
    (AP, 12/02/05)
2005        Dec 2, Manfred Nowak, the first UN torture investigator to visit China said that abuse was still widespread and authorities subjected detainees to electric shocks, beatings and sleep deprivation. He also accused the government of obstructing his work.
    (AP, 12/02/05)
2005        Dec 2, China’s state news said police in southern China have arrested 16 people allegedly involved in kidnapping and selling baby girls as young as newborns to foreigners.
    (AP, 12/03/05)
2005        Dec 2, Jiamusi, a second city in northeast China, shut down a water plant on a poisoned river, fearing contamination from the approaching toxic chemicals. The slick on the Amur River, which is fed by the Songhua River, originally 50 miles long, now stretched for 90 miles.
    (AP, 12/03/05)
2005        Dec 2, In China 16 workers were killed and 42 others trapped in two separate coal mine accidents.
    (AFP, 12/03/05)
2005        Dec 2, In Colombia officials said several hundred members of a right-wing paramilitary militia that held sway for years over much of Colombia's coffee-growing region have agreed to lay down their arms in exchange for a government amnesty.
    (AP, 12/02/05)
2005        Dec 2, Election officials said that Egypt's leading opposition group did not win any seats outright in the final round of parliamentary voting, which was marred by violence and police barring thousands from casting ballots.
    (AP, 12/02/05)
2005        Dec 2, A Finnish man was jailed for 11 years for sexually abusing dozens of boys during trips to Thailand in what the court called the biggest pedophile case in Finland's history. Jouko Jaatinen (43) was detained in April on suspicion of molesting at least 445 Thai boys aged 13 or younger over the last 15 years and creating massive amounts of pornography.
    (AP, 12/02/05)
2005        Dec 2, In eastern Germany a fire at a shelter for the homeless killed nine people.
    (AP, 12/02/05)
2005        Dec 2, Honduras' ruling party said it had enlisted 300 lawyers to check results of the country's disputed presidential election for evidence of fraud. Officials still hadn't declared Honduras' new president, five days after the country's contentious election.
    (AP, 12/02/05)(AP, 12/03/05)
2005        Dec 2, India’s hybrid species of national affiliation called Overseas Citizenship of India (OCI) became operational. It was made available to anyone who was an Indian citizen post 1950, and to their children and grandchildren wherever they were born. The Citizenship (Amendment) Ordinance 2005 was promulgated by the President of India and came into force on 28 June 2005.
    (http://tinyurl.com/yxrrhs)(WSJ, 12/15/06, p.B1)(www.immihelp.com/nri/dual.html)
2005        Dec 2, In Iraq 3 US soldiers from the 48th Brigade Combat Team were killed in a traffic accident south of Baghdad.
    (AP, 12/02/05)
2005        Dec 2, Former Iraqi PM Muhammad Hamza al-Zubaydi (67), one of the top Saddam Hussein-era leaders captured in Iraq, died at a U.S. military hospital in Baghdad.
    (AP, 12/05/05)
2005        Dec 2, Israeli officials said Palestinians have allowed up to 15 militants wanted by Israel to return to the Gaza Strip, violating a U.S.-brokered agreement that was to have let Israel monitor who enters the area from Egypt.
    (AP, 12/02/05)
2005        Dec 2, African leaders and French President Jacques Chirac converged on Mali for a two-day summit expected to focus on Africa's conflict hotspots, immigration and the problems of African youth.
    (AFP, 12/02/05)
2005        Dec 2, The Mexico City government said 5 federal agents arrested in connection with the videotaped torture and killing of drug hitmen have been released from prison for lack of evidence.
    (AP, 12/03/05)
2005        Dec 2, In Nepal tens of thousands of people marched in Kathmandu to demand restoration of democracy.
    (AP, 12/02/05)
2005        Dec 2, In the Netherlands a broad coalition of political parties unveiled a pilot program to regulate marijuana farming on the model of tobacco, which opponents say would be tantamount to legalizing growing the drug.
    (AP, 12/02/05)
2005        Dec 2, In Nigeria rebel leaders from the western Sudanese region of Darfur rejected an African Union draft agreement on power-sharing between their forces and the government in Khartoum, pushing the sides' seventh session of peace talks close to stalemate.
    (AFP, 12/02/05)
2005        Dec 2, Russian media reported that Russia plans to sell more than $1 billion worth of tactical surface-to-air missiles and other defense hardware to Iran.
    (AP, 12/02/05)
2005        Dec 2, It was reported that a money-laundering scandal that started in Germany has spread to other countries and implicated Leonid Reiman, Russia’s telecommunications minister and close Putin ally. Prosecutors suspected that Mr. Reiman had set up a network of shell companies and trusts to conceal over $1 billion in assets.
    (WSJ, 12/2/05, p.A3)(WSJ, 1/19/06, p.A8)
2005        Dec 2, Singapore executed 25-year-old Australian Nguyen Tuong Van for drug trafficking, after he had a "beautiful last visit" with his family. Australia's leader protested the sentence, saying it would damage ties.
    (AP, 12/02/05)
2005        Dec 2, In Kiev 9 presidents from Baltic and Black Sea nations pledged to strengthen democracy in a region traditionally considered Russia's neighborhood. They included Estonia, Georgia, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Moldova, Slovenia, Romania and the Ukraine.
    (AP, 12/02/05)

2005        Dec 3, In Silicon Valley, Ca., Adobe Systems merged with Macromedia.
    (Econ, 12/10/05, p.70)
2005        Dec 3, Retired Navy vice admiral Frederick L. "Dick" Ashworth, the weaponeer aboard the B-29 that dropped the atomic bomb on Nagasaki, Japan, died in Phoenix at age 93.
    (AP, 12/3/06)
2005        Dec 3, Peter Haas Sr. (86), former CEO and president of Levi Strauss, died in SF.
    (SFC, 12/5/05, p.B4)
2005        Dec 3, In Bangladesh police said they had arrested over 200 suspected Islamic militants in a three-day sweep after suicide bombers killed at least nine people and wounded scores in a spate of attacks this week.
    (AFP, 12/03/05)
2005        Dec 3, In Brazil the Greek billionaire Athina Roussel Onassis (20) married Alvaro Afonso de Miranda (32) a Brazilian Olympic equestrian in a palm-tree lined estate in Sao Paulo.
    (AP, 12/04/05)
2005        Dec 3, Economic officials from the world's richest countries resumed their pressure on China to adopt a more flexible exchange rate as they concluded a meeting in London.
    (AP, 12/3/06)
2005        Dec 3, British girls Olivia Bazlinton (14) and Charlotte Thompson (13) died when they were hit by an express train in Elsenham. In 2011 the rail regulator said Network Rail will be prosecuted over the deaths of the two young girls killed at a level crossing.
    (AFP, 11/25/11)(http://olivia-renee-bazlinton.gonetoosoon.org/)
2005        Dec 3, In Canada tens of thousands of people demonstrated in Montreal, host of the UN Climate Change Conference, to demand that governments worldwide take concrete measures against global warming.
    (AP, 12/04/05)
2005        Dec 3, It was reported that the Central African Republic has ordered radio and television stations to stop broadcasting songs which encourage men to dump their wives, saying such music is a hindrance to the country's development.
    (Reuters, 12/03/05)
2005        Dec 3, Chechnya’s top election official said a Kremlin-backed political party has won the largest number of seats in the new parliament.
    (AP, 12/03/05)
2005        Dec 3, Iran's hard-line constitutional watchdog approved a bill blocking international inspections of atomic facilities if the nation is referred to the U.N. Security Council for possible sanctions.
    (AP, 12/03/05)
2005        Dec 3, In Iraq insurgents ambushed an Iraqi patrol northeast of Baghdad, detonating a roadside bomb and then firing on the patrol, killing 19 and wounding two.
    (Reuters, 12/03/05)
2005        Dec 3, Troops exhumed the remains of 25 bodies from a mass grave near a former Syrian military base in eastern Lebanon. About 17,000 Lebanese who disappeared during 1975-90 civil war are still missing, including 61 Lebanese soldiers.
    (AP, 12/03/05)
2005        Dec 3, Malaysia's state media said Southeast Asian lawmakers want Myanmar expelled from the ASEAN regional grouping unless it frees democracy icon Aung San Suu Kyi and other political prisoners within a year.
    (Reuters, 12/03/05)
2005        Dec 3, Myanmar’s government confirmed for the first time that it has extended pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi's detention for six months.
    (AP, 12/03/05)
2005        Dec 3, Taiwan's opposition Nationalist Party won an overwhelming victory in island-wide municipal elections, putting it in position to push its agenda of reunification with China during the 2008 presidential campaign.
    (AP, 12/03/05)
2005        Dec 3, Ukraine reported its first outbreak of bird flu, discovered among some 1,500 dead chickens and geese in the Black Sea region of Crimea.
    (AP, 12/03/05)
2005        Dec 3, A rupture in an oil pipeline caused a fire in western Venezuela, but firefighters quickly brought the blaze under control. Evidence of sabotage was soon found. [see Dec 5]
    (AP, 12/04/05)(AP, 12/05/05)

2005        Dec 4, Members of the former Sept. 11 commission said the US was at great risk for more terrorist attacks because Congress and the White House had failed to enact several strong security measures.
    (AP, 12/4/06)
2005        Dec 4, In Washington, D.C. Robert Redford, Tina Turner, Tony Bennett, Julie Harris and ballerina Suzanne Farrell headlined the annual Kennedy Center Honors.
    (AP, 12/4/06)
2005        Dec 4, Film producer Gregg Hoffman (42), who developed an eight-minute film into the horror hit "Saw" and its gory successor "Saw II," died unexpectedly after complaining of pain.
    (AP, 12/06/05)
2005        Dec 4, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber detonated explosives on a street in the southern city of Kandahar, killing himself and a civilian and wounding two passers-by.
    (AP, 12/04/05)
2005        Dec 4, Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao arrived in France for a four-day visit. The Chinese government and the European aircraft manufacturing consortium Airbus signed a cooperation agreement at a public ceremony in Toulouse that may pave the way for the opening of an aircraft assembly plant in China.
    (AFP, 12/04/05)
2005        Dec 4, Croatia won its first Davis Cup title.
    (AP, 12/4/06)
2005        Dec 4, Tens of thousands of protesters marched through the streets of Hong Kong to pressure the government to speed up political reforms that would allow voters to pick the territory's leader and entire legislature.
    (AP, 12/04/05)
2005        Dec 4, Unidentified gunmen killed a parliamentary candidate and an Iraqi police commander in separate attacks while a bomb that detonated as a police patrol passed through central Baghdad killed three civilians.
    (AP, 12/04/05)
2005        Dec 4, Israeli aircraft fired missiles at an abandoned building and a rocket launching ground in the northern Gaza Strip in the first aerial attack on Gaza in more than a month.
    (AP, 12/04/05)
2005        Dec 4, Oil-rich Kazakhstan voted in a presidential election widely expected to give Nursultan Nazarbayev another seven-year term.
    (AP, 12/04/05)
2005        Dec 4, In Mali at a weekend Franco-African summit President Jacques Chirac called upon the US to remove the subsidies to their cotton producers. Chirac also urged rich countries to double development aid, as African leaders warned tackling poverty was crucial to stem a growing tide of illegal immigration.
    (AP, 12/05/05)
2005        Dec 4, In Russia, the snow-covered roof of an indoor swimming pool collapsed onto parents and children in Chusovoi, a Ural Mountains town, killing 14 people, including 10 children.
    (AP, 12/05/05)
2005        Dec 4, In Sri Lanka a land mine killed 6 Sri Lankan soldiers with 3 wounded in a northern area that is home to most of the country's Tamil minority. A government soldier near the northern city of Jaffna. The military blamed the Tamil Tiger rebels for attacks.
    (AP, 12/04/05)(AP, 12/05/05)
2005        Dec 4, Syrian security forces clashed with militants planning to launch terror attacks in the northern city of Aleppo. Five people were wounded, including two militants.
    (AP, 12/04/05)
2005        Dec 4, Thailand's King Bhumibol Adulyadej publicly rebuked PM Thaksin for pursuing lawsuits against media outlets that oppose his policies.
    (www.bangkokpost.net/breaking_news/breakingnews.php?id=69917)

2005        Dec 5, Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice denied the United States engaged in torture or lesser forms of cruel treatment against terror suspects.
    (AP, 12/5/06)
2005         ABC News named Elizabeth Vargas and Bob Woodruff co-anchors of "World News Tonight," replacing the late Peter Jennings.
    (AP, 12/5/06)
2005        Dec 5, Intel Chairman Craig Barrett said the chip-maker will invest more than $1 billion in the next five years to expand its operations in India and in local technology companies.
    (AP, 12/05/05)
2005        Dec 5, A new version of King Kong, directed by Peter Jackson, premiered in NYC.
    (Econ, 12/10/05, p.68)
2005        Dec 5, Edward L. Masry, the personal-injury lawyer portrayed by Albert Finney in the Oscar-winning movie "Erin Brockovich," died in Thousand Oaks, Calif., at age 73.
    (AP, 12/5/06)
2005        Dec 5, Austria officially finished paying out nearly $350 million in restitution to former slave and forced laborers compelled to work during WW II under Nazi control.
    (SFC, 12/6/05, p.A8)
2005        Dec 5, Gay couples in Britain began registering for civil partnerships as a law took effect giving them many of the same legal rights as married heterosexuals.
    (AP, 12/05/05)
2005        Dec 5, China ordered 150 Airbus single-aisle A320 airliners, more than twice as many plane orders as the company's U.S.-based rival Boeing Co. snagged from China last month.
    (AP, 12/05/05)
2005        Dec 5, In Congo a magnitude 6.8 earthquake struck the Lake Tanganyika region of East Africa toppling dozens of homes in Kalemie and burying children in the rubble. Several people were reported killed.
    (AP, 12/05/05)(WSJ, 12/6/05, p.A1)
2005        Dec 5, France's highest administrative body ruled that Sikhs can wear their turbans in drivers' license photos, overturning an earlier denial of a license to a Sikh who refused to take off his turban for the photo.
    (AP, 12/06/05)
2005        Dec 5, UN peacekeepers at a checkpoint in Port-au-Prince opened fire on a car full of Haitian police officers wounding two.
    (AP, 12/09/05)
2005        Dec 5, In India a freight train derailed, killing six people and injuring 50 others in a remote district of eastern Orissa state.
    (AP, 12/05/05)
2005        Dec 5, In Iraq unidentified gunmen abducted Bernard Planche, a French engineer, as he was on his way to work in Baghdad. He was later freed. The trial of Saddam Hussein resumed in Baghdad.
    (AP, 12/05/05)(AP, 12/5/06)
2005        Dec 5, Opposition leaders in Kazakhstan said that the overwhelming re-election of President Nursultan Nazarbayev should be declared invalid, and foreign observers said the balloting did not meet international standards.
    (AP, 12/05/05)
2005        Dec 5, Myanmar's military junta reopened a key national constitutional convention.
    (AP, 12/05/05)
2005        Dec 5, Frits Philips (100), Dutch businessman, grandson of the founder of Philips, died. He turned a family business into Philips Electronics in 40 years of leadership.
    (WSJ, 12/7/05, p.A1)(http://tinyurl.com/dfnu4)
2005        Dec 5, In southeastern Nigeria Separatist protesters demanding authorities release their leader shut down businesses and banks, and an activist said security forces opened fire on the crowd, killing three people.
    (AP, 12/05/05)
2005        Dec 5, A Palestinian suicide bomber blew himself up among shoppers waiting to enter a mall in the Israeli town of Netanya, killing at least 5 people and wounding more than 30 others.
    (AP, 12/05/05)
2005        Dec 5, Officials said courts in Uzbekistan have convicted another 58 alleged participants of the May uprising in Andijan and sentenced them to up to 20 years in prison.
    (AP, 12/05/05)
2005        Dec 5, In Venezuela President Hugo Chavez's governing party won full control of the 167-National Assembly, claiming a sweeping victory in congressional elections boycotted by major opposition parties.
    (AP, 12/05/05)
2005        Dec 5, In Venezuela a Dec 3 explosion that damaged an oil pipeline supplying the country's largest refinery was reported to have been caused by government foes attempting to disrupt congressional elections. Interior Minister Jesse Chacon said investigators found remnants of C-4 explosives at three spots on the pipeline.
    (AP, 12/05/05)

2005        Dec 6, US Sec. of State Condoleeza Rice signed an agreement with Romania to open US military bases there. One site was identified by Human Rights Watch as the site for a clandestine prison.
    (WSJ, 12/7/05, p.A16)
2005        Dec 6, Sami Al-Arian, a former Florida professor accused of helping lead a terrorist group that carried out suicide bombings against Israel, was acquitted on nearly half the charges against him by a federal court jury in Tampa, Fla.; the jury deadlocked on the other charges.
    (AP, 12/6/06)
2005        Dec 6, Philadelphia won the first NHL scoreless game that was decided by a shootout, beating Calgary 1-0.
    (AP, 12/6/06)
2005        Dec 6, The NYSE voted to acquire Archipelago Holdings in a $9 billion transaction that would transform the Big Board into a for-profit company with new, high-tech trading capabilities.
    (SFC, 12/7/05, p.C1)
2005        Dec 6, SF hired Nathaniel Ford Sr. to run the Municipal Transportation Agency (MUNI) for a 5-year contract with a base salary of $298,000. Ford was enticed away from the Atlanta Rapid Transit Authority where his base was $205,000.
    (SFC, 12/7/05, p.B4)
2005        Dec 6, In SF police officer Andrew Cohen (39) was suspended for producing department videos that mocked minorities. 24 other officers were soon suspended for their involvement in the video productions. In 2006 18 officers filed a $20 million lawsuit against SF for defamation and discrimination.
    (SFC, 12/8/05, p.A1,16)(SFC, 12/10/05, p.A11)(SFC, 8/11/06, p.B7)
2005        Dec 6, In Spokane, Wash., voters said Mayor James E. West (1951-2006) must leave office this month in a special election sparked by allegations he used a city computer to woo gay men over the Internet. Certification of the vote was expected on Dec 16.
    (AP, 12/07/05)(SSFC, 7/23/06, p.B6)
2005        Dec 6, Afghan government forces killed nine Taliban insurgents and arrested six others in a raid on a rebel camp in a volatile southern province.
    (AP, 12/06/05)
2005        Dec 6, Microsoft Corp. said it would set up 30 new innovation centers around the world, adding to its existing 60, in partnership with local governments, academic institutions and industry organizations.
    (AP, 12/06/05)
2005        Dec 6, A German man filed a lawsuit in Virginia claiming he was held captive and tortured by US government agents after being mistakenly identified as an associate of the Sept. 11 hijackers. Khaled El-Masri said he was arrested Dec 31, 2003 while attempting to enter Macedonia for a holiday trip and flown to Afghanistan. During five months in captivity he was subjected to "torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment.
    (AP, 12/06/05)
2005        Dec 6, Britain's Conservative Party crowned David Cameron (39) as its new leader, hoping to end an election losing streak as PM Tony Blair's power and popularity sag.
    (AP, 12/06/05)
2005        Dec 6, Canada’s central bank raised interest rates for the 3rd time in a row by a quarter point to 3.25%, its highest point in nearly 2½ years.
    (WSJ, 12/7/05, p.A16)
2005        Dec 6-2005 Dec 7, In southern China police allegedly killed as many as 10-20 protesters in a dispute over land use in Dongzhou. Villagers were angry over land confiscations and plans to construct a wind power plant. Armed police sealed off the village following the violent clashes. State news later reported 3 villagers killed and 8 wounded.
    (AP, 12/09/05)(SFC, 12/9/05, p.A15)(SSFC, 12/11/05, p.A2)
2005        Dec 6, China reported that a 10-year old girl in the Guangxi region had tested positive for bird flu, its 4th case of the deadly H5N1 strain.
    (WSJ, 12/7/05, p.A1)
2005        Dec 6, Indonesia’s central bank raised interest rates by one-half percentage point to 12.75% signaling a continuation of its tight monetary policy.
    (WSJ, 12/7/05, p.A16)
2005        Dec 6, The World Wildlife Fund said a catlike creature photographed by camera traps on Borneo Island is likely to be a new species of carnivore.
    (AP, 12/07/05)
2005        Dec 6, A C-130 Iranian military transport plane crashed into a 10-story apartment building as it was trying to make an emergency landing, ripping open the top of the structure and igniting a huge fire. At least 115 people were killed including 21 on the ground in the Azadi suburb of Tehran.
    (AP, 12/06/05)(SFC, 12/7/05, p.A3)
2005        Dec 6, In Iraq 2 suicide bombers struck Baghdad's police academy, killing at least 43 people and wounding at least 72 more. Al-Jazeera broadcast an insurgent video claiming to have kidnapped a US security consultant.
    (SFC, 12/7/05, p.A1)(AP, 12/6/06)
2005        Dec 6, Israel clamped an open-ended closure on the West Bank and Gaza, banning virtually all Palestinians from Israel, and arrested 15 Palestinian militants in a first response to the suicide bombing that killed five Israelis outside a shopping mall.
    (AP, 12/06/05)
2005        Dec 6, Japan's Cabinet approved measures to demolish buildings designed using falsified earthquake safety data and to relocate residents amid a widening construction scandal. Some 60 of over 200 hotels and condominium complexes designed by Hidetsugu Aneha were ordered to be pulled down due to faked earthquake-resistance data.
    (AP, 12/06/05)(Econ, 12/10/05, p.46)
2005        Dec 6, Kyodo News said Japan plans to extend its humanitarian military mission to Iraq into 2006 but could pull its ground forces in the middle of the year if the British and Australian troops guarding them leave.
    (AP, 12/06/05)
2005        Dec 6, Morocco's national airline completed an order for four Boeing Co. 787 jets and took out an option for one more.
    (AP, 12/06/05)
2005        Dec 6, Separatist radicals faced off against heavily-armed Nigerian police in eastern cities as a protest to demand an independent homeland for the 40-million-strong Igbo people entered its second day.
    (AFP, 12/06/05)
2005        Dec 6, In Saudi Arabia representatives of Islamic countries met ahead of a two-day summit, with delegates saying the world's largest Islamic organization must reform to face new challenges.
    (AP, 12/06/05)
2005        Dec 6, South Africa charged ex-Deputy Pres. Jacob Zuma with rape.
    (WSJ, 12/7/05, p.A1)(Econ, 12/10/05, p.56)
2005        Dec 6, In Sri Lanka a land mine blast killed 6 soldiers in the northern city of Jaffna.
    (AP, 12/06/05)
2005        Dec 6, The UN top election official, Carina Perelli of Uruguay, vowed to fight her dismissal over sexual harassment charges, which she rejected as false and complained that she was being denied due process.
    (AFP, 12/07/05)

2005        Dec 7, In Miami, Florida, US Air Marshals shot and killed Rigoberto Alpizar on suspicion of having a bomb. No bomb was found, and federal officials later concluded there was no link to terrorism. Witnesses said his wife, Anne, frantically tried to explain he was bipolar, a mental illness also known as manic-depression, and was off his medication.
    (AP, 12/08/05)
2005        Dec 7, New Jersey Sen. Jon Corzine picked Rep. Menendez to serve out his Senate term. Wining the governorship let him appoint his own successor.
    (WSJ, 12/8/05, p.A1)
2005        Dec 7, US Congress voted to add nearly 5,000 acres of Rancho Corral de Tiera, an area between Half Moon Bay and Pacifica, to California’s Golden Gate National Recreation Area. Congress still needed to appropriate $15 million to buy the land from the Peninsula Open Space Trust.
    (SFC, 12/8/05, p.B1)
2005        Dec 7, A new economic report said a sustained decline will hit the U.S. housing market next year, costing the nation as many as 800,000 jobs.
    (AP, 12/07/05)
2005        Dec 7, In Clearlake, Ca., Shannon Edmonds (31) shot and killed 2 of 3 intruders at his home. Renato Hughes Jr. (21), the 3rd intruder, was charged with 2 counts of 1st degree murder under a controversial legal theory. In 2008 Hughes was acquitted of murder by a jury in Contra Costa County. He was found guilty of 2 lesser charges, assault and burglary. The jury deadlocked on a final charge of assault causing great bodily injury. On Sep 8 Hughes was sentenced to 8 years in prison with credit for 33 months in custody.
    (SFC, 2/7/06, p.B8)(SFC, 8/9/08, p.B1)(SFC, 8/12/08, p.B3)(SFC, 9/9/08, p.B3)
2005        Dec 7, An Afghan court cleared an American, but convicted two Britons and an Indian of gun-smuggling charges and gave them two-year suspended sentences, following a one-day trial that one of them called a "circus." Sargon Heinrich of Rio Vista, Cal., Naveen Joshi of India and Peter Eaton and Mike Shaw, both of Britain, had been jailed since their Oct. 13 arrests.
    (AP, 12/07/05)
2005        Dec 7, Australia’s Treasurer Peter Costello unveiled details of the nation’s Future Fund with seed capital of $13.56 billion to cover public service pension liabilities.
    (WSJ, 12/8/05, p.A14)
2005        Dec 7, In Chile Gen. Augusto Pinochet was stripped of his legal immunity by an appeals court, allowing his trial in the disappearance of 29 additional dissidents during his 1973-90 dictatorship.
    (AP, 12/07/05)
2005        Dec 7, In northern China an explosion tore through the Liuguantun coal mine in Hebei province and killed at least 91 workers. Police arrested seven people accused of responsibility for a coal mine disaster.
    (AFP, 12/11/05)
2005        Dec 7, Some 25 American anti-war activists marched from the eastern Cuban city of Santiago toward the US naval base at Guantanamo Bay to protest treatment of terror suspects there.
    (AP, 12/07/05)
2005        Dec 7, The UN rejected an Eritrean order to expel Western members of the peacekeeping mission that monitors its tense border with Ethiopia amid concerns that war between the two countries could re-ignite.
    (AP, 12/07/05)
2005        Dec 7, The EU and host Canada piled pressure on the US to join an international pact to curb greenhouse gas emissions and limit the predicted chaos from global warming.
    (Reuters, 12/08/05)
2005        Dec 7, European businesses rushed to sign up for the new ".eu" Internet domain name, putting in 100,000 Web site applications by the end of its first day available.
    (AP, 12/08/05)
2005        Dec 7, The European aircraft manufacturer Airbus said that German Wings, a low-cost airline, had placed a firm order for 18 Airbus 319 airliners.
    (AFP, 12/07/05)
2005        Dec 7, In Egypt police fired tear gas and rubber bullets at crowds trying to break through blockades of polling stations in an opposition stronghold, the final day of parliamentary elections, and a hospital official said two people were killed.
    (AP, 12/07/05)
2005        Dec 7, Honduras' ruling-party candidate for president conceded defeat, even though official results were still unavailable 10 days after the election because of vote-counting delays.
    (AP, 12/07/05)
2005        Dec 7, In Iraq gunmen killed three police officers when they burst into a hospital in the northern city of Kirkuk and freed a wounded man who had been arrested for plotting to kill a judge in the Saddam Hussein trial.
    (AP, 12/07/05)
2005        Dec 7, In Iraq gunmen kidnapped the 8-year-old son of a bodyguard for a judge in the trial of Saddam Hussein.
    (AP, 12/07/05)
2005        Dec 7, An Israeli aircraft fired a missile at a car carrying Palestinian militants, killing at least one militant and wounding 10 others.
    (AP, 12/07/05)
2005        Dec 7, Kazakhstan's Pres. Nursultan Nazarbayev was officially declared the winner of last weekend's election, while the opposition insisted the vote was manipulated.
    (AP, 12/07/05)
2005        Dec 7, The Hague war crimes tribunal sentenced Miroslav Bralo (aka Cicko), a former Bosnian Croat soldier, to 20 years in jail on eight counts of war crimes and human rights abuses committed during the 1993 Muslim-Croat war in central Bosnia.
    (Reuters, 12/07/05)
2005        Dec 7, In Northern Ireland Chris Ward (24), a Northern Bank supervisor who claimed he aided a gang of robbers under the threat of death, was charged as a willing participant in the record Dec 20, 2004, $50 million heist.
    (AP, 12/07/05)
2005        Dec 7, Peru and the US completed negotiations on a free-trade agreement.
    (WSJ, 12/8/05, p.A14)
2005        Dec 7, In Russia an explosion, apparently caused by a natural gas leak, killed one person and injured at least five others at a Moscow apartment building.
    (AP, 12/07/05)
2005        Dec 7, The governing African National Congress accepted the withdrawal of Jacob Zuma, its popular deputy president from leadership duties for the duration of his rape trial.
    (AP, 12/07/05)
2005        Dec 7, Spanish authorities arrested former Gen. Ante Gotovina, the top Croatian war crimes suspect, after four years on the run. He was captured in the Canary Islands when special police agents surprised him as he dined in a luxury beach hotel.
    (AP, 12/08/05)
2005        Dec 7, A UN court in Tanzania trying masterminds of Rwanda's genocide convicted Paul Bisengimana, former mayor of Gikoro, for abetting the 1994 slaughter, but dropped three counts including genocide.
    (AP, 12/07/05)
2005        Dec 7, In Thailand a 5-year-old boy became the country’s 2nd bird flu fatality in two months.
    (AP, 12/9/05)

2005        Dec 8, The US Supreme Court ruled that the government can seize part of a person’s monthly Social Security benefit to pay off old student loans.
    (SFC, 12/8/05, p.A5)
2005        Dec 8, US federal prosecutors announced six arrests of eco-sabotage suspects following a 9-year investigation in 4 arson cases in Oregon dating to 1998 and 2001 and a toppled power line in Bend, Oregon in 1999.
    (SFC, 12/9/05, p.A6)
2005        Dec 8, The US government reported that life expectancy in the US had risen to 77.6 years. Obesity and hypertension plagued the 55-64 cohort.
    (WSJ, 12/8/05, p.A1)
2005        Dec 8, Project Homeless Connect, a one-day homeless aid fair that began in SF a year ago, went national with attention given to some 6,000 homeless in 21 US cities.
    (SFC, 12/9/05, p.B3)
2005        Dec 8, In Chicago a Southwest Airlines jet trying to land amid heavy snow plowed off a runway at Midway airport and into a street, killing a 6-year-old boy in a car.
    (AP, 12/09/05)
2005        Dec 8, Firestone, a multinational rubber manufacturing giant known for its automobile tires, has come under fire from human rights and environmental groups for its alleged use of child labor and slave-like working conditions at a plantation in Liberia.
    (http://us.oneworld.net/article/view/123600/1/)
2005        Dec 8, The New England Journal of Medicine reported that the bacterial infection Clostridium difficile (D. diff) appeared to be spreading rapidly around the country. Patients taking new heartburn drugs like Prilosec, Prevacid, Pepcid and Zantac appeared to be more vulnerable to the bug.
    (SFC, 12/31/05, p.A14)
2005        Dec 8, Scientists said as wetlands disappear and shorelines are degraded, the Great Lakes are losing their ability to cope with environmental stress and ward off a catastrophic breakdown.
    (CP, 12/08/05)
2005        Dec 8, Scientists published the complete DNA sequence for dogs based on a boxer named Tasha. The gene count was estimated at 19,300, most of which resemble human genes. A preliminary sequence was announced in 2003.
    (SFC, 12/8/05, p.A4)(WSJ, 12/8/05, p.A1)
2005        Dec 8, The Int’l. Committee of the Red Cross decided to recognize Israel’s new “Red Crystal" medical emblem alongside the Red Cross and Red Crescent symbols.
    (SFC, 12/8/05, p.A1)
2005        Dec 8, In Afghanistan the election board certified Pres. Karzai’s 34 appointees for the upper house of parliament. The 1st meeting of parliament was scheduled for Dec. 19.
    (SFC, 12/9/05, p.A17)
2005        Dec 8, NATO foreign ministers approved plans to send up to 6,000 troops into southern Afghanistan, a major expansion of the alliance's peacekeeping mission into some of the most dangerous parts of the country.
    (AP, 12/08/05)
2005        Dec 8, In the first visit to Australia by a Turkish leader, PM Recep Tayyip Erdogan criticized military solutions to the so-called "war on terror", saying the US-led invasion of Iraq had transformed the country into a training ground for extremists.
    (AFP, 12/08/05)
2005        Dec 8, In Netrokona, Bangladesh, a suicide bomber on a bicycle rode into a crowd and detonated his explosives, killing 7 other people and wounding dozens. Police detained 8 suspects the next day.
    (AP, 12/09/05)
2005        Dec 8, In Barbados leaders of Caribbean nations held a summit to discuss health care cooperation and cultural exchanges, but a major focus was on Cuba and its thorny relationship with the United States.
    (AP, 12/08/05)
2005        Dec 8, Britain's highest court ruled that evidence obtained in other countries through torture may not be used in British courts.
    (AP, 12/08/05)
2005        Dec 8, After half a century, London's red Routemaster buses rattled into retirement. Thousands of fans said farewell to the hop-on, hop-off buses, this last full day of regular service for the icon.
    (AP, 12/08/05)
2005        Dec 8, Paul Wolfowitz, head of the World Bank, issued a statement to Chad expressing serious concerns about proposed changes to the use of petrodollars.
    (SFC, 12/30/05, p.C2)
2005        Dec 8, China announced a fifth human case of bird flu, a 31-year-old female farmer who fell ill after contact with dead birds but has since recovered.
    (AP, 12/08/05)
2005        Dec 8, Preliminary results in Egypt's elections gave the leading opposition group, the Muslim Brotherhood, a record 19% of the seats in parliament after a four-week election that counted 11 fatalities.
    (AP, 12/08/05)(Reuters, 12/08/05)
2005        Dec 8, An Ethiopian court sentenced to death Major Melaku Tefera, one of Marxist dictator Mengistu Haile Mariam's top soldiers, for genocide and abetting the murder of 971 people during the country's 1977-78 "Red Terror" campaign.
    (AP, 12/09/05)
2005        Dec 8, In Iraq a suicide bomber who jumped on a bus after security checks had been completed detonated an explosives belt among passengers heading to a Shiite city, killing 32 people and wounding 44.
    (AP, 12/08/05)
2005        Dec 8, An Iraqi insurgent group said in an Internet posting that it killed a U.S. security consultant it had taken hostage.
    (AP, 12/08/05)
2005        Dec 8, In Iraq a US soldier attached to a Marine unit died while on guard duty at a base near the town of Fallujah.
    (AP, 12/10/05)
2005        Dec 8, An Israeli airstrike in the northern Gaza Strip killed two Palestinian militants and a Palestinian stabbing attack killed an Israeli in the West Bank in a new spasm of violence.
    (AP, 12/08/05)
2005        Dec 8, It was reported that a new Italian law required businesses, that offered Internet access to the public, to ask clients for ID and to log the owner’s name a document type.
    (SFC, 12/8/05, p.C5)
2005        Dec 8, In Japan a typing error caused Mizuho Securities Co. to lose at least 27 billion yen, or $225 million, on a stock trade. The next day the government rebuked the Tokyo Stock Exchange and Mizuho Securities, one of the country's biggest brokerage firms.
    (AP, 12/09/05)
2005        Dec 8, In northwestern Pakistan an explosion ripped through two munitions shops in a bazaar in a tribal town, killing at least 12 people and injuring more than 30.
    (AP, 12/08/05)
2005        Dec 8, In Saudi Arabia leaders from more than 50 Muslim countries promised to fight extremist ideology, saying they would reform textbooks, restrict religious edicts and crack down on terror financing.
    (AP, 12/08/05)
2005        Dec 8, Police in Singapore said they have arrested 13 foreigners, including an American, in an anti-drug operation, less than a week after an Australian was put to death for a narcotics conviction.
    (AP, 12/09/05)
2005        Dec 8, In South Korea international activists kicked off a conference on human rights abuses in North Korea by calling for the overthrow of Kim Jong Il's regime and accusing Pyongyang of enslaving its people.
    (AP, 12/08/05)
2005        Dec 8, In northern Syria 8 Muslim militants died in a battle with security forces at a farmhouse.
    (AP, 12/08/05)
2005        Dec 8, Ukraine said it had detected the highly pathogenic type of bird flu that is dangerous to humans, the strain known as H5N1. The September outbreak was located in several villages in the Crimean peninsula where about 2,500 birds died within hours.
    (AP, 12/08/05)
2005        Dec 8, An erupting volcano on the remote South Pacific island of Vanuatu burst into spectacular life shooting steam and toxic gases 9,845 feet into the sky.
    (AP, 12/08/05)

2005        Dec 9, President Bush, addressing a political fundraiser in Minnesota, said the United States would wage an unrelenting battle in Iraq to protect Americans at home.
    (AP, 12/9/06)
2005        Dec 9, A US congressional report said the federal government's medical response to Hurricane Katrina was bungled by a lack of supplies and poor communication.
    (AP, 12/9/06)
2005        Dec 9, Former US Pres. Clinton called Bush’s global warming stance “flat wrong" while speaking at the climate conference in Montreal.
    (WSJ, 12/10/05, p.A1)
2005        Dec 9, The US film “The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe," produced by Philip Anschutz, was released. It was a adapted from a book by C.S. Lewis that was an allegory of Christ’s crucifixion. Anschutz made his 1st fortune drilling for oil and later built the Qwest telecom company.
    (Econ, 11/26/05, p.82)
2005        Dec 9, Viacom closed a deal to pay $1.6 billion to acquire DreamWorksSKG, a Hollywood studio founded by Steven Spielberg, Jeffrey Katzenberg and David Geffen.
    (SFC, 12/10/05, p.C1)
2005        Dec 9, Afghanistan welcomed NATO's decision to expand its peacekeeping mission, saying it would boost security, while the Taliban said more alliance troops would only increase opportunities for guerrillas to attack them.
    (AP, 12/09/05)
2005        Dec 9-2005 Dec 10, In southern Afghanistan Taliban fighters attacked two police posts, with eight policemen and six attackers killed in the ensuing battles.
    (AFP, 12/10/05)
2005        Dec 9, Police in Bangladesh hunting for Islamist suicide bombers seized explosives and detained 30 militants.
    (Reuters, 12/10/05)
2005        Dec 9-2005 Dec 11, Fidel Ramos, former president of the Philippines, and Michael Camdessus, former managing IMF director, chaired the 1st annual meeting of the Emerging Markets Forum at Templeton College, Oxford, England.
    (Econ, 12/17/05, p.76)
2005        Dec 9, In Beijing, China, the US ambassador for fighting international slavery said that many North Korean refugees who flee to China every year end up as sex slaves and China often sends them back for punishment.
    (AP, 12/09/05)
2005        Dec 9, Haiti's interim government said it has removed five of the 10 judges from the Supreme Court, another move in a tense power struggle ahead of next month's national elections.
    (AP, 12/9/05)
2005        Dec 9, In Iraq the American military arrested Amir Khalaf Fanus, also known in the Ramadi area as "the Butcher." Fanus, a high-ranking member of al-Qaida in Iraq, was wanted for criminal activities including murder and kidnapping. A US soldier was killed and 11 others wounded in a suicide bombing in western Baghdad.
    (AP, 12/9/05)(SSFC, 12/11/05, p.A6)
2005        Dec 9, In Ireland more than 10,000 labor union members protested in Dublin and other cities over shipping company Irish Ferries' plan to replace its workers with Latvians making $4.25 an hour, half the local minimum wage. It was the country's most bitter industrial showdown in decades.
    (AP, 12/09/05)(WSJ, 12/10/05, p.A1)
2005        Dec 9, Israel rounded up 19 Islamic militants in the West Bank and pounded the Gaza Strip with artillery fire, pressing forward with a crackdown in the wake of a suicide bombing at a shopping mall this week.
    (AP, 12/09/05)
2005        Dec 9, Kenya swore in a new Cabinet whose difficult formation reflected increasing questions about the president's political strength.
    (AP, 12/09/05)
2005        Dec 9, In Nigeria Diepreye Alamieyeseigha, the governor of the oil-rich state of Bayelsa who skipped bail in Britain to escape trial there for money-laundering, was arrested by 200 armed policemen, after lawmakers removed his immunity from prosecution.
    (AFP, 12/09/05)
2005        Dec 9, In Nigeria police broke down the gate of a huge housing complex to oust thousands of civil servants and their families in the third mass eviction by the government this week in the commercial capital of Lagos. The move followed a decision by the government to sell off several publicly owned housing blocks for civil servants in a privatization scheme. Authorities have not provided the estimated 8,000 residents with other accommodation.
    (AP, 12/09/05)
2005        Dec 9, Marc Garlasco, a Human Rights Watch investigator, said Poland served as the CIA's main center to detain terrorist suspects in Europe at clandestine prisons.
    (AP, 12/09/05)
2005        Dec 9, President Vladimir Putin signaled he would scrap some of the harshest provisions of a much-criticized bill that would severely restrict the work of foreign-funded non-governmental organizations in Russia.
    (AP, 12/09/05)
2005        Dec 9, Russia's parliament gave final approval to legislation allowing direct foreign ownership of shares in Gazprom, the world's largest natural gas producer.
    (AP, 12/09/05)
2005        Dec 9, Spanish police arrested at least 7 people over the last 24 hours suspected of financing and giving logistical support to an Islamic extremist group with links to al-Qaida.
    (AP, 12/09/05)

2005        Dec 10, Southern California running back Reggie Bush won the Heisman Trophy.
    (AP, 12/10/06)
2005        Dec 10, In NYC police officer Daniel Enchautegui (28) was shot a killed when he interrupted a burglary in progress while off duty. 2 suspects were arrested. Steven Armento (48), a convicted burglar, and Lillo Brancato Jr. (29), an actor who appeared in episodes of "The Sopranos" and in films including "A Bronx Tale," were shot by the officer and were in stable condition yesterday in the critical care unit of Jacobi Medical Center. Armento was convicted of first degree murder in 2008 and sentenced to life in prison. On Jan 9, 2009, Brancato was sentenced to 10 years in prison.
    (SFC, 12/12/05, p.A3)(SFC, 1/10/09, p.E4)
2005        Dec 10, Anna Elizabeth Vuori (90) was found murdered and sexually assaulted at her home in Lafayette, Ca. DNA samples led police to arrest Richard Craig McNew (32), a traveling salesman from Missouri with a criminal record dating back to 1993. In late 2008 McNew pleaded guilty charges of rape, murder and robbery.
    (SFC, 1/11/06, p.B3)(SFC, 1/1/09, p.B3)
2005        Dec 10, Former US Sen. Eugene McCarthy (b.1916), D-Minn., died at age 89 at his home in Georgetown, DC.
    (AP, 12/10/05)(Econ, 12/17/05, p.85)
2005        Dec 10, Richard Pryor (b.1940), American black comedian and actor, died. His films included "Stir Crazy," "Silver Streak," "Which Way Is Up?" and "Richard Pryor Live on the Sunset Strip."
    (AP, 12/11/05)
2005        Dec 10, In Brazil Rayfran das Neves Sales and Clodoaldo Carlos Batista were convicted of killing Dorothy Stang, an American nun. Stang had spent decades trying to save the Amazon rain forest. Prosecutor Esdon Cardoso said the case would only be resolved when three other men accused in the killing are convicted, including two ranchers accused of ordering the killing. A third man has been charged with acting as a go-between for the gunmen and the ranchers. The three are expected to face trial some time next year.
    (AP, 12/10/05)
2005        Dec 10, In Canada more than 150 nations agreed to launch formal talks on mandatory post-2012 reductions in greenhouse gases, talks that will exclude an unwilling US. The agenda item on “Reducing emissions from deforestation in developing countries and approaches to stimulate action"  was first introduced into the Conference of the Parties  (COP) agenda at its eleventh session in Montreal. The Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation plan became known as REDD.
    (AP, 12/10/05)(Econ, 12/17/05, p.77)(http://unfccc.int/meetings/cop_15/items/5257.php)(Econ, 9/25/10, SR p.6)
2005        Dec 10, China’s Ministry of Railways signed an agreement to let an American subsidiary of Shanghai-based TZG Partners operate a luxury train service that will cross the Tibetan plateau. Custom carriages will need oxygen levels adjusted for the high altitude.
    (WSJ, 12/12/05, p.A17)
2005        Dec 10, In Dongzhou, China, residents of the southern village near Hong Kong described a tense standoff in the area with thousands of armed troops patrolling the perimeter and blocking anyone from leaving. Frightened villagers said they were either hunkering down at home or arguing with police, who are refusing to return the dead to their families. Police had opened fire on demonstrators there on Dec 6.
    (AP, 12/10/05)
2005        Dec 10, China and Portugal vowed to boost their economic cooperation in resource-rich former Portuguese colonies in Africa as the premiers of the two nations attended a business conference in Lisbon.
    (AFP, 12/10/05)
2005        Dec 10, Egypt's justice minister announced that just 26% of registered voters cast ballots in the month-long parliamentary elections that ended this week. The low turnout reflected both voter apathy and fear of violence. The ruling party won 71% of the seats.
    (AP, 12/10/05)
2005        Dec 10, The Petit Palais, a long forgotten gem among Paris museums, reopened after an $84 million renovation that has restored the full splendor of a structure originally built for the 1900 World's Fair.
    (AP, 12/08/05)
2005        Dec 10-2005 Dec 11, Hundreds of French youths smashed shop windows, ignited trash cans and pelted police with bottles through the night to protest against a ban on a rave party they planned in the western city of Rennes.
    (Reuters, 12/11/05)
2005        Dec 10, In, Georgetown, Guyana, the body of Hubert Daniel Thompson (55), an American consultant for the US government's overseas aid agency, was found in his hotel room. Police said they suspect homicide.
    (AP, 12/12/05)
2005        Dec 10, Miss Iceland, Unnur Birna Vilhjalmsdottir (21), an anthropology and law student and part-time policewoman, was crowned Miss World on the southern Chinese resort island of Hainan.
    (Reuters, 12/10/05)
2005        Dec 10, Iran's top nuclear official said that his country will enrich uranium and produce nuclear fuel despite the U.S.-led international campaign to persuade it to abandon such ambitions.
    (AP, 12/10/05)
2005        Dec 10, In Iraq 4 American soldiers were killed in separate attacks in the Baghdad area, the day kidnappers of four Christian peace activists set as a deadline for killing the hostages unless US and Iraqi authorities released all prisoners. North of Tikrit Egyptian engineer Mohammed Ibrahim al-Hilali (46) found dead after being snatched by gunmen a day earlier. One Iraqi soldier was killed and nine wounded in a bomb attack targeting an army patrol in the Sunni Arab town of Balad. In Mosul 2 civilians were killed and one wounded when a car bomb exploded as a US convoy rolled past.
    (AFP, 12/10/05)
2005        Dec 10, In Malaysia Australian Foreign Minister Alexander Downer signed the Treaty of Amity and Cooperation in Southeast Asia, which calls for signatories not to interfere in each other's internal affairs. The treaty was born within the 10-member ASEAN, which made signing the pact a condition for entry into next week's inaugural East Asian summit.
    (AP, 12/10/05)
2005        Dec 10, Mexican police raided a house outside Mexico City, capturing two alleged kidnappers and rescuing three people, including an 8-year-old girl, who had been held for more than two months. Police detained Israel Vallarta, a Mexican, and Marie Louise Cassez Florence, a Frenchwoman. The two allegedly belonged to a gang called "The Zodiac," tied to at least 10 kidnappings and one murder. Florence Cassez was later sentenced to 60 years in prison for 3 kidnappings. In 2010 Florence Cassez released a book about her case. It describes a series of inconsistencies in the case that she says weren't taken into account.
    (AP, 12/10/05)(AP, 3/10/09)(AP, 9/23/10)
2005        Dec 10, Nigeria’s Sosoliso Airlines Flight 1145 carrying 110 passengers crashed while landing during a storm in the southern city of Port Harcourt. Some 107 people were killed including 71 children. The runway lights were off because the airport had not bought a generator.
    (AP, 12/10/05)(AFP, 12/12/05)(WSJ, 10/1/07, p.A1)
2005        Dec 10, In Norway Chief UN nuclear inspector Mohamed ElBaradei accepted the 2005 Nobel Peace Prize, sharing the award with his International Atomic Energy Agency for efforts to control the spread of nuclear weapons. The other Nobel Prizes were awarded in Sweden.
    (AP, 12/10/05)
2005        Dec 10, Poland's PM Marcinkiewicz said that he has ordered a probe of allegations that the CIA ran secret prisons for terror suspects on Polish territory.
    (AP, 12/10/05)
2005        Dec 10, In Russia a 24-hour, English-language, state-funded television channel went live from its Moscow studios, designed to broadcast news from a Russian perspective around the globe.
    (AP, 12/10/05)
2005        Dec 10, Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe conceded that shortcomings in his land redistribution program contributed to critical food shortages as his party wrapped up its annual conference.
    (AP, 12/11/05)
2005        Dec 10, Zimbabwe's ruling party recommended a crackdown on Western-sponsored groups hostile to President Robert Mugabe and asked security forces to make a list of people whose passports should be seized.
    (Reuters, 12/11/05)

2005        Dec 11, Paramount Pictures announced it was buying independent film studio DreamWorks SKG Inc.
    (AP, 12/11/06)
2005        Dec 11, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber set off explosives near a US and Afghan military convoy in the southern city of Kandahar, killing himself and wounding three civilians.
    (AP, 12/11/05)
2005        Dec 11, In Australia racial tension erupted into violence on a Sydney beach when around 5,000 people, some yelling racist chants, attacked youths of a Middle Eastern background. White youths were angered by reports that youths of Lebanese descent had assaulted two lifeguards. Young men of Arab descent retaliated in several Sydney suburbs, fighting with police and smashing cars.
    (AP, 12/11/05)(AP, 12/11/06)
2005        Dec 11, Bangladesh President Iazuddin Ahmed approved an ordinance that allows law enforcers to tap telephones, a measure set to aid the fight against Islamic militants.
    (AFP, 12/12/05)
2005        Dec 11, In Britain a huge inferno followed explosions at the Buncefield oil depot. 43 people were injured. In 2009 a court said French oil giant Total must pay bills valued at more than 750 million pounds for people whose homes and businesses were damaged in the fire. In 2010 five companies were ordered to pay fines and costs of more than £9 million (13.8 million dollars, 10.6 million euros).
    (http://tinyurl.com/chwzwb)(AFP, 3/20/09)(AFP, 7/16/10)
2005        Dec 11, In Chile Michelle Bachelet easily defeated two feuding right-wing candidates with 46 percent of the vote, but fell shy of the 50 percent needed for victory.
    (AP, 12/12/05)
2005        Dec 11, China’s government said the commander of forces that shot and killed people protesting land seizures in a southern village has been detained, as police in riot gear patrolled the community and appealed for order.
    (AP, 12/11/05)
2005        Dec 11, About 4,000 anti-globalization activists some carrying a giant spider and others wheeling statues of emaciated people marched in the first mass protest against the World Trade Organization's summit in Hong Kong.
    (AP, 12/11/05)
2005        Dec 11, Iran's parliament approved Kazem Vaziri Mahaneh, who has been acting minister for the past three months, the 4th nominee for the key post of oil minister.
    (AP, 12/11/05)
2005        Dec 11, Iran offered the United States a share in building a new nuclear power plant in an apparent effort to curb U.S. opposition to its atomic program.
    (AP, 12/11/05)
2005        Dec 11, Japanese peace envoy Yasushi Akashi invited Sri Lanka and Tamil Tiger rebels to meet in Japan for talks to save their ceasefire, which is threatened with collapse after 34 people were killed in fresh violence.
    (AP, 12/11/05)
2005        Dec 11, In eastern Pakistan a firecracker thrown by a celebrant at a wedding set fire to a bus filled with guests, killing at least 40 people.
    (AP, 12/11/05)
2005        Dec 11, In South Korea the government ordered striking pilots at Korean Air back to work on the 4th day of a walkout.
    (WSJ, 12/12/05, p.A17)

2005        Dec 12, Pres. Bush for the 1st time put a number on the death toll of Iraqi civilians saying some 30,000 had died since the start of the war with US troops looses at about 2,140.
    (SFC, 12/13/05, p.A10)
2005        Dec 12, Donald Keyser, a US State Department official, pleaded guilty to removing top secret government documents while conducting a "personal relationship" with a Taiwanese spy, Isabelle Cheng, from 1992-2004.
    (Reuters, 12/12/05)
2005        Dec 12, US federal agents raided 13 San Diego-area marijuana dispensaries.
    (SFC, 12/14/05, p.B3)
2005        Dec 12, California Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger refused to block the imminent execution of Stanley Tookie Williams, rejecting the notion that the founder of the murderous Crips gang had atoned for his crimes and found redemption on death row.
    (AP, 12/12/06)
2005        Dec 12, ConocoPhilips, the 3rd biggest US oil company, said it will acquire Burlington Resources in a deal worth $35.6 billion.
    (SFC, 12/13/05, p.D2)
2005        Dec 12, PepsiCo overtook Coca-Cola in market capitalization for the 1st time.
    (Econ, 12/17/05, p.61)
2005        Dec 12, Young people riding in vehicles smashed cars and store windows in suburban Sydney, a day after thousands of drunken white youths attacked people they believed were of Arab descent at a beach in the same area in one of Australia's worst outbursts of racial violence. About 50 cars had swept into the area, disgorging men of Middle Eastern appearance who began trashing every car in sight with baseball bats.
    (AFP, 12/12/05)
2005        Dec 12, The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) said China surpassed the US as the world's top exporter of laptop computers, mobile phones and other information and communications technology devices in 2004.
    (AP, 12/12/05)
2005        Dec 12, About 2,000 right-wing paramilitary fighters (AUC), including a warlord considered a major drug trafficker by the US, turned in weapons and helicopter gunships in one of Colombia's largest disarmament ceremonies in years.
    (AP, 12/12/05)
2005        Dec 12, French counterterrorism agents, some heavily armed and wearing black hoods, raided homes and Internet cafes in a sweep against a suspected Islamic network, arresting more than 20 suspects.
    (AP, 12/12/05)
2005        Dec 12, In Haiti protesters angry over the treatment of Haitian migrants in neighboring Dominican Republic clashed with police during a visit by the Dominican president, and at least three people were wounded by gunshots.
    (AP, 12/12/05)
2005        Dec 12, Trade ministers gathered in Hong Kong to work on a deal to open markets and boost the global economy, with the EU quickly under fire for its refusal to cut farm subsidies further.
    (AP, 12/12/05)
2005        Dec 12, In Iraq patients, soldiers and prisoners began voting in parliamentary elections, a few days ahead of the general population, while insurgent violence killed at least 12 people and wounded more than two dozen.
    (AP, 12/12/05)
2005        Dec 12, Japan gave the final go-ahead to resume imports of some US beef after a two-year ban due to fears of mad cow disease, averting a potential trade war between the close political allies.
    (AFP, 12/12/05)
2005        Dec 12, In Kashmir Indian troops shot dead three Islamic militants, while suspected rebels shot dead a shopkeeper in revolt-hit Kashmir.
    (AFP, 12/12/05)
2005        Dec 12, In Lebanon Gibran Tueni (48), general manager and chief columnist of the An-Nahar newspaper, died when a car bomb struck his motorcade in Beirut's suburb of Mkalles. The bombing killed two other people and wounded 30 more. Tueni was killed a day after returning from France, where he had been staying periodically for fear of assassination. He was assassinated at a time when several anti-Syrian Lebanese politicians and journalists were targeted following the killing of ex-premier Rafiq Hariri. He was the son of former ambassador Ghassan Tueni.
    (AP, 12/13/05)(AFP, 6/8/12)
2005        Dec 12, Swedish home-appliance maker AB Electrolux said it will close its plant in Nuremberg, Germany, by the end of 2007, transferring production to Poland and Italy and eliminating 1,750 jobs.
    (AP, 12/12/05)
2005        Dec 12, The president of Turkmenistan ordered construction of a university to be named after his book "Rukhnama," which is held as a sacred text in this ex-Soviet republic.
    (AP, 12/13/05)

2005        Dec 13, American Red Cross President Marsha Evans announced her resignation.
    (AP, 12/13/06)
2005        Dec 13, A US Navy helicopter with 3 crew members crashed somewhere off the coast of Colombia.
    (AP, 12/13/05)
2005        Dec 13, It was reported that scientists had injected human stem cells into the brains of 2-week-old mouse embryos and that the cells had taken on the traits of their neighbors.
    (SFC, 12/13/05, p.A1)
2005        Dec 13, Stanley Tookie Williams maintained his innocence right up until his death, even when an admission of guilt may have spared him execution. California's execution of Stanley Tookie Williams outraged many in Europe who regard the practice as barbaric, and politicians in Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger's native Austria called for his name to be removed from a sports stadium in his hometown.
    (AP, 12/13/05)
2005        Dec 13, General Motors Corp. said it plans to nearly triple the number of cars it produces in India to meet growing demand.
    (AP, 12/13/05)
2005        Dec 13, In Bangladesh security forces arrested the suspected military commander and the alleged accountant of a banned Islamic group blamed for a wave of deadly bombings.
    (AP, 12/14/05)
2005        Dec 13, Brazil’s finance ministry said it would make a full repayment of its $15.5 billion IMF debt over the next 2 years.
    (Econ, 12/24/05, p.49)
2005        Dec 13, Virgin Galactic, the British company created by entrepreneur Richard Branson to send tourists into space, and New Mexico announced an agreement for the state to build a $225 million spaceport.
    (AP, 12/13/05)
2005        Dec 13, In Australia a jury convicted Bradley John Murdoch (47), a mechanic, in the July 14, 2001, Outback death of British backpacker Peter Falconio (28). He also was convicted of assaulting and abducting Falconio's girlfriend, Joanne Lees. Murdoch was given a mandatory life sentence by Northern Territory Supreme Court Justice Brian Martin.
    (AP, 12/13/05)
2005        Dec 13, Britain's Vodafone Group PLC offered the highest bid, $4.55 billion, in an auction to buy Telsim, Turkey's 2nd-largest cell-phone company, from the Turkish government.
    (AP, 12/13/05)
2005        Dec 13, DB Real Estate, a subsidiary of Deutsche Bank, closed grundbesitz-invest, a €6.2 billion property fund, for a revaluation. It was the 1st closure in the 40-year history of the open-ended property funds.
    (Econ, 1/21/06, p.73)
2005        Dec 13, A 6-day ministerial meeting of the WTO opened in Hong Kong.
    (Econ, 12/24/05, p.97)
2005        Dec 13, Senior Health Ministry officials said Indonesia confirmed its ninth human death from bird flu, taking the global death toll from the disease to 71, all in Asia.
    (Reuters, 12/13/05)
2005        Dec 13, Iraqis living abroad began voting in the country's parliamentary elections. Gunmen killed a Sunni Arab candidate for parliament and militants tried to blow up a leading Shiite politician in separate attacks, the last day of campaigning for Iraq's election.
    (AP, 12/13/05)(AP, 12/13/06)
2005        Dec 13, The authorities in Kazakhstan, angered by a British comedian's satirical portrayal of a boorish, sexist and racist Kazakh television reporter, confirmed that they have pulled the plug on his alter ego's Web site. Sacha Baron Cohen plays Borat in his "Da Ali G Show" and last month he used the character's Web site www.borat.kz to respond sarcastically to legal threats from the Central Asian state's Foreign Ministry.
    (AP, 12/13/05)
2005        Dec 13, Masked Palestinian security forces have arrested dozens of Islamic Jihad activists in a series of overnight raids across the West Bank in recent days. However, the raids netted only low-level operatives, and some suspect the goal is to appease the United States and Israel rather than crush the militant group.
    (AP, 12/13/05)
2005        Dec 13, A UN tribunal convicted former Lt. Col. Aloys Simba, a retired Rwandan army officer, of genocide and sentenced him to 25 years in prison for participating in the slaughter of ethnic minority Tutsi.
    (AP, 12/13/05)

2005        Dec 14, President Bush defended his decision to wage the Iraq war, even as he acknowledged that "much of the intelligence turned out to be wrong." The House voted 251-174 to renew the USA Patriot Act.
    (AP, 12/14/06)
2005        Dec 14, The US Federal Reserve raised its benchmark interest rate for the 13th time a quarter point to 4.25%. it also indicated that it was close to ending the 18-month long increases.
    (SFC, 12/14/05, p.C1)
2005        Dec 14, The US deported Junior Vinicio Abadio Carrillo (32), the son of Guatemala's former tax chief, to face charges of embezzling millions of public dollars.
    (AP, 12/15/05)
2005        Dec 14, A US government watchdog group warned that Congress must enact a national system for recycling used electronic devices or the problem of e-waste will pose serious environmental risks.
    (SFC, 12/14/05, p.A3)
2005        Dec 14, DuPont Co. said it has agreed to pay $10.25 million in fines and $6.25 million for environmental projects to settle allegations by the Environmental Protection Agency that the company hid information about the dangers of a toxic chemical used to make the non-stick coating Teflon.
    (AP, 12/14/05)
2005        Dec 14, The Walt Disney Co. announced its first film production in China, adding to its efforts to break into the booming Chinese entertainment market.
    (AP, 12/14/05)
2005        Dec 14, It was reported that Volkswagen AG was getting ready for the 2006 US launch of its $1 million Bugatti Veyron, a 2-seater with 1,001 horsepower.
    (WSJ, 12/14/05, p.D1)
2005        Dec 14, In Boston 4 men were shot and killed in the basement of a home on Bourneside Street that was set up as a music studio. The killings pushed Boston homicides for the year to 71, the highest in a decade.
    (SFC, 12/15/05, p.A6)
2005        Dec 14, Eliot Freidson (82), pioneer investigator of professions, died in SF. His 12 books included the landmark “Profession of Medicine" (1970).
    (SFC, 12/27/05, p.B4)
2005        Dec 14, In Mississippi John B. Nixon, Sr. (b.1928) was executed for the 1985 murder of Virginia Tucker. At 77 years old, he was the oldest person executed since 1976 and, according to the Espy File the oldest person executed since Joe Lee in Virginia at the age of 83 on April 21, 1916.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_B._Nixon,_Sr.)
2005        Dec 14, Carlos Delgadillo Martinez died after losing his grip on an inner tube while trying to cross the Rio Grande near Laredo, Texas. In 2011 jurors acquitted helicopter pilot James Peters (41) of lying about his role in Delgadillo’s death.
    (SFC, 9/3/11, p.A4)(http://tinyurl.com/3nzc2z7)
2005        Dec 14, In northern Afghanistan a suicide bomber blew himself up near Mazar-e-Sharif, the capital of Balkh province. In Faizabad a donkey carrying a land mine exploded near a foreign aid agency's car.
    (AP, 12/14/05)
2005        Dec 14, Belarusian lawmakers passed legislation that would crack down on Internet dating and online spouse searches in the latest in a series of stringent government controls backed by authoritarian President Alexander Lukashenko.
    (AP, 12/14/05)
2005        Dec 14, In London 4 youths were convicted of manslaughter for beating to death a man who had survived the fatal nail-bombing of a British gay pub six years ago. Barman David Morley (37) was beaten to death by a gang of youths in central London in October 2004.
    (AP, 12/15/05)
2005        Dec 14, Ancient tools found in Britain show that humans lived in northern Europe 200,000 years earlier than previously thought, at a time when the climate was warm enough for lions, elephants and saber tooth tigers to also roam what is now England.
    (AP, 12/14/05)
2005        Dec 14, Rodney Whitaker (b.1931), popular writer aka Trevanian, died in the West Country of England. His thrillers included “The Eiger Sanction" (1972), which was made into a film with Clint Eastwood in 1975. He used at least 5 pseudonyms for his books on various subjects. These included Nicholas Seare, Benat LeCagot and Edoard Moran.
    (SFC, 12/17/05, p.B4)
2005        Dec 14, In Canada at least one shot fired through a door at police responding to a routine call in Laval, Quebec, left Valerie Gignac, a 25-year-old woman officer, dead and led to an eight-hour armed standoff that ended with the arrest of a paroled convict.
    (CP, 12/14/05)
2005        Dec 14, Colombian President Alvaro Uribe accepted an EU plan to pull troops from rebel territories to revive peace talks.
    (WSJ, 12/15/05, p.A1)
2005        Dec 14, The UN Security Council agreed to Eritrea's demand to withdraw Americans, Canadians and Europeans from the peacekeeping mission that monitors the tense border with Ethiopia.
    (AP, 12/14/05)
2005        Dec 14, The French government said Eiffag SA, Vinci SA and Spain’s Abertis Infraestructuras SA will buy its stakes in 3 toll-road companies raising $17.7 billion to help cut France’s national debt.
    (WSJ, 12/15/05, p.A16)
2005        Dec 14, Iran's hard-line president lashed out with a new outburst at Israel on, calling the Nazi Holocaust a "myth" used as a pretext for carving out a Jewish state in the heart of the Muslim world.
    (AP, 12/14/05)
2005        Dec 14, Irish Ferries and Ireland’s largest labor union reached a deal over plans to replace 543 Irish workers with lower paid EU employees. Irish Ferries will reflag ships to avoid the jurisdiction of Irish employment law.
    (WSJ, 12/15/05, p.A16)
2005        Dec 14, Israel’s the Defense Ministry said it has approved construction of hundreds of new homes in West Bank settlements, confirming what would be a violation of the U.S.-backed peace plan.
    (AP, 12/14/05)
2005        Dec 14, The Israeli military fired a missile at a car in northern Gaza it said was packed with militants about to carry out an attack. Four Palestinians were killed and four were wounded.
    (AP, 12/14/05)
2005        Dec 14, Japan’s space agency said the return of its Hayabusa probe would be delayed until June, 2010, due to a thruster problem.
    (SFC, 12/15/05, p.A19)
2005        Dec 14, The 1st East Asia Summit was held successfully in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
    (www.aseansec.org/18104.htm)(Econ, 12/17/05, p.40)
2005        Dec 14, Officials said Mexico and the US broke up a counterfeiting ring that printed an estimated $5 million in fake $100 bills in Mexico and sold them across the border.
    (AP, 12/15/05)
2005        Dec 14, A Nepalese soldier in Nagarkot ended an argument with a group of villagers by spraying them with bullets, killing at least 11 people. 19 civilians were injured.
    (AP, 12/15/05)
2005        Dec 14, In South Africa several hundred Sesotho-speaking Soweto orphans on a beach holiday clashed with police in Durban after officers failed to arrest several Zulu-speaking youths who accosted 4 girls and threatened rape.
    (SFC, 12/17/05, p.A9)   
2005        Dec 14, South Korean farmers clashed with police outside a World Trade Organization meeting for a second day as the US blamed the EU for holding up stalled global trade talks.
    (AP, 12/14/05)
2005        Dec 14, Tanzania voted for president and Parliament. Jakaya Kikwete took 80% of the vote. The ruling party of the Revolution (CCM) won 206 of 232 parliamentary seats.
    (WSJ, 12/15/05, p.A1)(Econ, 1/7/06, p.50)
2005        Dec 14, In the UAR Abu Dhabi overhauled business ownership laws allowing foreigners to own 100% of businesses in special economic zones.
    (WSJ, 12/15/05, p.A16)

2005        Dec 15, The US government denied permission to Cuba to participate in the inaugural World Baseball Classic to be held in March 2006.
    (SFC, 12/15/05, p.A1)
2005        Dec 15, The futuristic F-22A "Raptor" fighter jet, designed to dominate the skies well into the 21st century, joined the US combat fleet, 20 years after it was conceived to fight Soviet MiGs over Europe.
    (Reuters, 12/16/05)
2005        Dec 15, Adam Kidan (41), a New York businessman charged with fraud alongside prominent Washington lobbyist Jack Abramoff in the purchase of a Florida casino cruise line, pleaded guilty on to fraud and conspiracy charges.
    (Reuters, 12/15/05)
2005        Dec 15, US health officials recommended the QuantiFERON-TB Gold, a new, more accurate blood test for tuberculosis, It could replace the skin test used for the past 100 years.
    (AP, 12/16/05)
2005        Dec 15, The US Interior Dept. said it plans to open 20 million acres in 9 Western states to wind farms.
    (WSJ, 12/16/05, p.A1)
2005        Dec 15, Oakland, Ca., police officer Ingo Mayer pulled over a Cadillac and strip-searched two men in public. No lawful reason for the traffic stop was provided. The 2 men were later awarded $105,000 and $100,000 in compensatory damages. Mayer retired on disability as a result of the trial. In 2011 a judge ordered the Mayer to pay $40,000 out of his own pocket to the two men.
    (SFC, 11/8/11, p.C3)
2005        Dec 15, In Missouri a breach in a 50-acre reservoir on top of Profit Mountain released a billion-gallon torrent that swept away at least 2 homes and several vehicles. 3 children were critically injured. The reservoir was part of a hydroelectric plant run by AmerenUE.
    (SFC, 12/15/05, p.A3)
2005        Dec 15, James Freed, German-born American architect, died at his home in NYC. His work included the Washington DC Holocaust Museum (1993) and the SF Main Library (1996).
    (SFC, 12/17/05, p.B5)
2005        Dec 15, William Proxmire (b.1915), former Wisconsin Sen. (1957-1989), died in Sykesville, Md.
    (AP, 2/19/98)(SFC, 12/16/05, p.A4)
2005        Dec 15, In southern Afghanistan a US soldier was killed and another wounded in a firefight with insurgents.
    (AP, 12/15/05)
2005        Dec 15, NATO's top operational commander said drugs are a greater security threat in Afghanistan than a Taliban resurgence, despite a rise in attacks blamed on remnants of the hard-line Islamic regime and their al-Qaida allies.
    (AP, 12/15/05)
2005        Dec 15, Argentine Pres. Nestor Kirchner announced that his government would tap the country’s foreign reserves to repay in total its outstanding debt to the IMF. He said a $9.8 billion payment would be made before the end of the year.
    (WSJ, 12/16/05, p.A16)
2005        Dec 15, An emergency sitting of Australia’s parliament passed special laws allowing Sydney police to "lockdown" parts of Sidney to stop racial unrest. The New South Wales (NSW) state parliament also increased the penalty for rioting from 10 to 15 years and doubled the sentence for affray to 10 years.
    (Reuters, 12/15/05)
2005        Dec 15, Australia announced a major program to expand and upgrade its military forces to cope with increasing commitments at home and abroad.
    (AP, 12/15/05)
2005        Dec 15, Dr. Heinrich Gross (90), a psychiatrist who worked at a clinic where the Nazis killed and conducted cruel experiments on thousands of children, died in Vienna. Gross was a leading doctor in Vienna's infamous Am Spiegelgrund clinic.
    (AP, 12/22/05)(SFC, 12/23/05, p.B5)
2005        Dec 15, In China's northeast Patients leapt from the windows of a burning four-story hospital to escape a blaze that killed at least 39 people in Liaoyuan.
    (AP, 12/16/05)
2005        Dec 15, A Croatian court sentenced six ethnic Serbs to between six and 14 years in prison in a retrial over the brutal harassment of Croat prisoners at the outset of Zagreb's 1991-95 war of independence.
    (Reuters, 12/15/05)
2005        Dec 15-2005 Dec 16, Tony Blair’s EU presidency culminated in the summit in Brussels.
    (Econ, 12/10/05, p.13)
2005        Dec 15, European and US officials said the EU has formally protested to Russia about its sale of sophisticated missiles to Iran, saying the diplomatic row reflected disarray on how to pressure Tehran to scale back its suspect nuclear program.
    (AP, 12/15/05)
2005        Dec 15, French counterterrorism agents arrested three people suspected of belonging to a terror group with "indirect links" to al-Qaida in Iraq leader Abu Musab al-Zarqawi. Agents seized guns, ammunition, dynamite and other weapons in a probe of suspected Islamic militants who officials said use robberies to fund terror groups.
    (AP, 12/15/05)
2005        Dec 15, French and Italian authorities said European police have broken up the biggest-ever illegal immigration ring targeting Britain by arresting dozens of suspects believed to have helped smuggle "thousands" of people into that country.
    (AP, 12/15/05)
2005        Dec 15, Iraqis voted in a historic parliamentary election, with strong turnout reported in Sunni Arab areas and even a shortage of ballots in some precincts. Several explosions rocked Baghdad throughout the day, but the level of violence was low. The Iraqi election commission extended voting in the country by an hour because of the high turnout. Bombs killed three people despite promises by major insurgent groups not to attack polling places. Turnout was estimated at over 67%.
    (AP, 12/15/05)(WSJ, 12/16/05, p.A1)
2005        Dec 15, Italy's defense minister said the country will pull 300 more troops out of Iraq in January, continuing a gradual withdrawal begun earlier this year.
    (AP, 12/15/05)
2005        Dec 15, Kazakh President Nursultan Nazarbayev ceremonially opened the taps of a new pipeline carrying oil from one of the region's greatest energy powers to one of its hungriest consumers, China.
    (AP, 12/15/05)
2005        Dec 15, A Mexican judge committed 8 relatives to the psychiatric ward of a prison for the ritualistic slayings of two young family members that shocked Mexico with their brutality. Officials said the parents, grandparents and aunts of a 7-month-old and 13-year-old hacked a baby to death and fatally stoned a teenager earlier this month after they became convinced the girls were demons or possessed by the devil.
    (AP, 12/16/05)
2005        Dec 15, A doctor who provided human eggs for research by cloning pioneer Hwang Woo-suk said in a broadcast that the South Korean scientist admitted that most of the stem cells produced for a key research paper were faked.
    (AP, 12/15/05)
2005        Dec 15, Taiwan said it was building a landing strip on one of the Spratly Islands, whose ownership was contested by Vietnam.
    (Econ, 1/28/06, p.42)
2005        Dec 15, The UN approved the establishment of a Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) under Jan Egeland, coordinator of the UN’s emergency relief.
    (http://ochaonline2.un.org/Default.aspx?tabid=7480)

2005        Dec 16, US Senate Democrats blocked passage of a new Patriot Act to combat terrorism at home, depicting the measure as a threat to the constitutional liberties of innocent Americans. The result was a revised Patriot Act signed by Bush in March 2006.
    (AP, 12/17/05)(AP, 12/16/06)
2005        Dec 16, The US House acted to stem the tide of illegal immigration by taking steps to tighten border controls and stop unlawful immigrants from getting jobs. But lawmakers left for next year the tougher issue of what to do with the 11 million undocumented people already in the country.
    (AP, 12/17/05)
2005        Dec 16, US Attorney General Alberto Gonzales announced a government crackdown on sexual trafficking in children.
    (SFC, 12/17/05, p.A6)
2005        Dec 16, Howard Stern (51), NYC radio show host, ended his terrestrial radio career. He planned to start working for Sirius Satellite Radio on Jan 9.
    (SFC, 12/17/05, p.A2)
2005        Dec 16, Google announced it would pay $1 billion for a 5% stake in AOL. The deal was finalized on Dec 20.
    (WSJ, 12/17/05, p.A1)(SFC, 12/21/05, p.C1)
2005        Dec 16, Actor John Spencer (58), who played the role of Leo McGarry in "The West Wing," died of a heart attack.
    (AP, 12/17/05)
2005        Dec 16, Enzo Stuarti (86), singer-actor died in Midland, Texas.
    (AP, 12/16/06)
2005        Dec 16, Bangladesh police seized two large caches of bomb-making materials and arrested 4 suspected members of a banned Islamic group that has been blamed for a wave of deadly bombings. A 5th suspect was arrested the next day.
    (AP, 12/17/05)
2005        Dec 16, Belarus' parliament set March 19 as the date for presidential elections, giving the opposition just a week to register a candidate to challenge authoritarian incumbent Alexander Lukashenko.
    (AP, 12/16/05)
2005        Dec 16, Chechnya's top prosecutor said a state-owned chemical company on the outskirts of the Chechen capital had "catastrophic" radiation levels tens of thousands of times greater than normal.
    (AP, 12/16/05)
2005        Dec 16, Exploratory peace talks between Colombia and its second-largest rebel group began in Cuba with help from the Nobel Prize-winning author Gabriel Garcia Marquez and facilitators from Spain, Norway and Switzerland.
    (AP, 12/16/05)
2005        Dec 16, Mohammed Ali Hamadi, a Lebanese man serving a life sentence in Germany for the 1985 hijacking of a TWA jetliner and killing of a U.S. Navy diver, returned to Lebanon after being paroled in Germany.
    (AP, 12/20/05)
2005        Dec 16, A 3-day session held by the UN's Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission ended in Hyderabad.  India said it would not share information on earthquakes below a magnitude of six on the Richter scale due to security concerns.
    (AFP, 12/17/05)
2005        Dec 16, Adnan al-Dulaimi, head of the Iraqi Accordance Front, said Sunni Arab participation in the elections could have been even higher if there had there been more polling centers in key Sunni areas.
    (AP, 12/16/05)
2005        Dec 16, The U.S. military said Iraq has issued an arrest warrant naming Mullah Halgurd al-Khabir as the "prime suspect" in the Aug 19, 2003, bombing of UN headquarters in Baghdad.
    (AP, 12/16/05)
2005        Dec 16, Italian prosecutors showed a court thank you notes and other correspondence that they contended proved a former curator at the J. Paul Getty museum knew artifacts were being illegally acquired.
    (AP, 12/16/05)
2005        Dec 16, Sony Corp. unveiled an upgrade of its 23.5-inch humanoid robot QRIO, which can now recognize boxes and play with them like building blocks.
    (AP, 12/16/05)
2005        Dec 16, The Hamas militant group won local elections in the West Bank's largest cities, according to preliminary results, dealing a harsh blow to the ruling Fatah party just six weeks ahead of a parliamentary poll.
    (AP, 12/16/05)
2005        Dec 16, Liberian electoral authorities dismissed international soccer star George Weah's claims that fraud had robbed him of victory in a presidential run-off vote last month, but his party vowed to appeal.
    (Reuters, 12/16/05)
2005        Dec 16, Morocco’s state news agency reported that a truth commission tasked with investigating more than four decades (1956-1999) of human rights abuses uncovered nearly 600 disappearances and the deaths of about 500 people during street riots or while in police custody.
    (AP, 12/16/05)
2005        Dec 16, A Dutch court sentenced Henk Slebos, a Dutch businessman who oversaw the sale of dual-use nuclear technology to Pakistan (1999-2002), to a year prison.
    (AP, 12/16/05)
2005        Dec 16, In Northern Ireland Sinn Fein expelled Denis Donaldson, a prominent party member, for serving as a British agent for the past two decades.
    (AP, 12/17/05)
2005        Dec 16, In Turkey a trial against novelist Orhan Pamuk opened in Istanbul. It was then adjourned to February. Charges were dropped on Jan 23.
    (Econ, 12/24/05, p.71)

2005        Dec 17, President George W. Bush acknowledged he signed a secret order after the September 11, 2001, attacks to allow the surveillance of people in the United States.
    (Reuters, 12/17/05)
2005        Dec 17, John Ruiz lost the WBA heavyweight title, dropping a disputed majority decision to Nikolay Valuev of Russia in Berlin.
    (AP, 12/17/06)
2005        Dec 17, Jack Anderson (83), Pulitzer Prize-winning muckraking columnist, died at his home in Maryland. Washington Post columnist Drew Pearson hired Anderson in 1947 and Anderson took over his column after Pearson’s death in 1969.
    (SSFC, 12/18/05, p.B5)
2005        Dec 17, In southern Afghanistan men on a motorcycle opened fire on students leaving school in Lashkargah, killing a pupil and a janitor.
    (AP, 12/17/05)
2005        Dec 17, In southern Afghanistan 4 policemen and 3 suspected Taliban fighters were killed and an Afghan interpreter were wounded in attacks.
    (AFP, 12/18/05)
2005        Dec 17, In Bosnia the reconstructed Stari Most, a bridge that came to symbolize the senseless brutality of the Bosnian war, took its place on the UN's list of protected World Heritage Sites.
    (AP, 12/17/05)
2005        Dec 17, Hundreds of fighters from three rebel armies united to attack the village of San Marino in western Colombia. The bold assault that killed at least five police officers.
    (AP, 12/18/05)
2005        Dec 17, EU leaders agreed on a 7-year spending plan for the 25-nation bloc, a hard-won deal seen as key to shaping the future of an enlarged EU and to restoring faith in its unity.
    (AP, 12/17/05)
2005        Dec 17, In Hong Kong hundreds of protesters wielding bamboo sticks broke through police lines and tried to storm the convention center hosting global trade talks. Security forces scattered the crowd with tear gas. Police said 41 people were injured and 900 were detained.
    (AP, 12/17/05)
2005        Dec 17, India and Pakistan agreed to begin work by 2007 on a pipeline to bring natural gas from Iran, moving ahead with the project despite US disapproval. Iran hoped to break ground this year on a 1,700 mile, $4 billion natural gas pipeline to deliver gas across Pakistan to India. The US opposed the line and threatened sanctions under the 1996 Iran Libya Sanctions Act (ILSA) law.
    (AP, 12/18/05)(WSJ, 6/24/05, p.A4)
2005        Dec 17, The chief UN investigator into the assassination of former Lebanese Prime Minister Rafik Hariri said in published remarks that he believed Syrian authorities were behind the killing.
    (AP, 12/17/05)
2005        Dec 17, Macedonia moved a step closer to realizing its dream of EU membership when the bloc's leaders gave their blessing for it to start membership talks.
    (AFP, 12/17/05)
2005        Dec 17, The Mexican government slammed the US Congress for approving an immigration bill that would tighten border controls and make it harder for undocumented immigrants to get jobs.
    (AP, 12/17/05)
2005        Dec 17, In Mexico 6 people were stabbed or battered to death during a prison gang fight in Ciudad Juarez, across the US border from El Paso, Texas.
    (AP, 12/17/05)
2005        Dec 17, Forty drunken Santas rampaged through central Auckland, NZ, stealing from stores and assaulting security guards in a protest against the commercialization of Christmas.
    (AP, 12/18/05)
2005        Dec 17, An explosion in the southern Gaza Strip killed a militant who fired homemade rockets at Israel and wounded three other people.
    (AP, 12/18/05)
2005        Dec 17, A first group of southern Sudanese refugees began their journey home after two decades of living in a camp in Kenya.
    (AP, 12/17/05)
2005        Dec 17, In Trinidad Randy Depoo, a former political officer at the US Embassy in Trinidad, paid $1,000 for the release of his kidnapped son. The kidnappers originally sought nearly $32,000 but released the youth within hours of the abduction for the lower amount.
    (AP, 12/24/05)
2005        Dec 17, Turkey's PM Recep Tayyip Erdogan accused the EU of trying to pressure Turkish courts in the trial of the country's best-known novelist. Orhan Pamuk is being tried for telling a Swiss newspaper in February that "30,000 Kurds and 1 million Armenians were killed in these lands, and nobody but me dares to talk about it."
    (AP, 12/17/05)
2005        Dec 17, In Vietnam disaster officials said floods and landslides have claimed at least 47 lives in central Vietnam in the past two weeks.
    (AP, 12/17/05)

2005        Dec 18, In a televised speech President Bush declared that Iraq’s parliamentary elections signaled the birth of democracy in the Middle East.
    (AP, 12/18/06)
2005        Dec 18, Time magazine named Bill and Melinda Gates and rock star Bono its "Persons of the Year," citing their charitable work and activism aimed at reducing global poverty and improving world health.
    (AP, 12/18/05)
2005        Dec 18, Bhutan state media reported that the king has said he will step down as ruler in 2008 and hold the country's first national elections for a parliamentary democracy. King Jigme Singye Wangchuck said he will be succeeded by his son (25), the crown prince.
    (AP, 12/18/05)
2005        Dec 18, Socialist Evo Morales (46) waved coca branches as he headed to vote amid jubilant townsfolk who hoped to see him become Bolivia's first Indian president and end a U.S.-backed anti-drug campaign aimed at eradicating their crops.
    (AP, 12/18/05)
2005        Dec 18, Chad blamed its neighbor Sudan for a rebel raid on an eastern garrison and announced it was exercising its right to pursue the attackers on Sudanese soil. A spokesman said an early morning attack on Adre's garrison was mounted by army deserters allied with a recently formed rebel group called the Rally for Democracy and Liberty (RDL), which Chad accuses of being a "militia used by the Sudanese government."
    (AP, 12/18/05)
2005        Dec 18, Chinese state media published the names of three villagers killed by police during a protest over the seizure of land for a power plant and provided a rare and vivid account of the small-town politics that led to the bloody confrontation.
    (AP, 12/18/05)
2005        Dec 18, In China authorities ordered a smelter in Shaoguan to halt the discharge of waste into the Bei River that contained an unusual amount of cadmium.
    (SFC, 12/22/05, p.A9)
2005        Dec 18, Congo's war-beleaguered people voted in the first national ballot in over three decades, banging on polling-booth doors to be allowed in to say yes or no to a draft constitution meant to put the country on the path to democracy and lasting peace.
    (AP, 12/18/05)
2005        Dec 18, A German TV station said a German archaeologist kidnapped in Iraq last month with her driver has been freed.
    (AP, 12/18/05)
2005        Dec 18, In Hong Kong World Trade Organization negotiators approved a draft agreement requiring wealthy nations to end farm export subsidies by 2013, a support system that poor nations say puts them at a competitive disadvantage. The agreement required approval by all 149 WTO members.
    (AP, 12/18/05)(SFC, 12/19/05, p.A3)
2005        Dec 18, In southern India thousands of flood victims waiting in line for relief vouchers stampeded into a government-run distribution center, killing at least 42 people and injuring 37.
    (AP, 12/18/05)
2005        Dec 18, Iraq's largest oil refinery, in Beiji, was shut down because of the deteriorating security situation in the region. Suicide bombers and gunmen killed nearly two dozen people across Iraq. Vice President Dick Cheney made a surprise visit and suggested the vote could pave the way for beginning a US pullout.
    (AP, 12/18/05)(AP, 12/30/05)
2005        Dec 18, Israeli PM Ariel Sharon suffered a mild stroke.
    (AP, 12/18/06)
2005        Dec 18, Jordan's military court sentenced al-Qaida in Iraq chief Abu Musab al-Zarqawi to death for a second time for a failed suicide bombing along the Iraqi border a year ago.
    (AP, 12/18/05)
2005        Dec 18, Nigeria grounded Boeing 737 planes across the country for safety checks, stranding thousands of travelers after two deadly accidents in two months.
    (AP, 12/18/05)
2005        Dec 18, In Tanzania the national election commission said Jakaya Kikwete, candidate for the ruling Revolutionary Party, won the presidential election with 80% of the vote.
    (AP, 12/18/05)(Econ, 9/30/06, p.57)

2005        Dec 19, Pres. Bush in a news conference said he had legal power to authorize the NSA to tap domestic calls and called leaking of the spying project to the media a shameful act.
    (WSJ, 12/20/05, p.A1)
2005        Dec 19, US House lawmakers opened the way for oil drilling in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge and approved $29 billion for hurricane relief during an all-night session bringing their legislative year to a close. The budget package included $454.3 billion for defense.
    (AP, 12/19/05)(WSJ, 12/19/05, p.A1)
2005        Dec 19, US federal authorities fined Dutch bank ABN Amro Holding NV $80 million for violating US money-laundering laws and sanctions against Iran and Libya. Nearly a decade of violations involved billions in transactions passing through bank offices in NY and Dubai, UAR.
    (WSJ, 12/20/05, p.A3)
2005        Dec 19, US Federal prosecutors said MSC Ship Management of Hong Kong had agreed to pay $10.5 million to settle a pollution case.
    (WSJ, 12/20/05, p.A1)
2005        Dec 19, Southern California running back Reggie Bush was named The Associated Press Player of the Year.
    (AP, 12/19/06)
2005        Dec 19, Energy supplier FPL Group Inc. announced it is buying rival power-plant operator Constellation Energy Group Inc. for more than $11 billion in stock in a deal that would create one of the nation's biggest electricity conglomerates.
    (AP, 12/19/05)
2005        Dec 19, The US energy Dept. reported that greenhouse-gas emissions grew 2% over the past year, well off the pace to hit Kyoto targets.
    (WSJ, 12/20/05, p.A1)
2005        Dec 19, In Florida a 58-year-old propeller seaplane, owned by Chalk’s Ocean Airways, crashed in the water off Miami Beach after taking off for Bimini in the Bahamas. 20 people were killed. Federal investigators found longstanding cracks in a wing that fell off.
    (AP, 12/20/05)(SFC, 12/20/05, p.A4)(WSJ, 12/22/05, p.A1)
2005        Dec 19, Vincent “The Chin" Gigante, Mafia king, died at the federal prison in Springfield, Missouri. He was serving a 12 year sentence following a 1997 conviction for racketeering.
    (SFC, 12/20/05, p.B7)   
2005        Dec 19, Afghanistan inaugurated its first popularly elected parliament in more than three decades, a major step toward democracy following the ouster of the hardline Taliban.
    (AP, 12/19/05)
2005        Dec 19, In Bolivia Evo Morales, candidate for the Movement Towards Socialism (MAS), won the presidential elections, a victory that would solidify the continent's shift toward the political left.
    (AP, 12/19/05)(Econ, 5/20/06, p.42)
2005        Dec 19, Chad's army said its forces had killed about 300 rebels after they launched a failed offensive on a border town in one of the worst attacks in an escalating conflict. Chad's foreign minister said the troops then chased the rebels into Sudan and destroyed their bases across the border.
    (AP, 12/19/05)
2005        Dec 19, A World Bank fund signed deals to buy pollution credits from two Chinese chemical companies for $930 million under a plan that lets richer countries meet commitments to cut greenhouse gas emissions by paying for reductions in poorer economies.
    (AP, 12/19/05)
2005        Dec 19, The International Court of Justice held Uganda responsible for the killing, torture and cruel treatment of civilians in Congo from August 1998 to July 1999 and ordered reparations. Fighting in the region raged for three more years and the armies withdrew only in June 2003, despite the court's order in July 2000 to halt operations and safeguard civilians.
    (AP, 12/19/05)
2005        Dec 19, In Germany Ladislav Niznansky (88), a former Nazi commander, was acquitted of murder in three massacres in Slovakia after a court said there was no reliable evidence he was involved in the killings. Niznansky, a former Slovak army captain who at first supported the 1944 revolt, changed sides after he was captured and took charge of the Slovak section of a Nazi unit, code-named Edelweiss, that hunted resistance fighters and Jews. He was convicted of the massacres and sentenced to death in absentia by Czechoslovakia in 1962.
    (AP, 12/19/05)
2005        Dec 19, In Iraq about 24 top former officials in Saddam Hussein's regime, including a biological weapons expert known as "Dr. Germ," have been released from jail. A militant group released a video of the purported killing of American adviser Ronald Allen Schulz. His body and that of a woman believed to be his Iraqi fiancee were found by the US military in a grave in September 2008. A suicide car bomb exploded outside a children's hospital in western Baghdad, killing at least two civilians and wounding 11, including seven policemen.
    (AP, 12/19/05)(AP, 5/23/09)
2005        Dec 19, Violent demonstrations broke out across Iraq and the oil minister threatened to resign after the government raised the prices of gasoline and cooking fuel by up to 9 times.
    (AP, 12/19/05)
2005        Dec 19, The US military said 5 soldiers from an elite U.S. Army unit have been sentenced to up to six months confinement in cases concerning the abuse of detainees in Iraq.
    (AP, 12/19/05)
2005        Dec 19, The United Kingdom's first gay couple to win legal recognition under a new civil partnership law drove past protesters to make their vows inside Belfast City Hall.
    (AP, 12/19/05)
2005        Dec 19, Israel's battered Likud Party chose Benjamin Netanyahu to run against Ariel Sharon in March elections, and the former Israeli prime minister pledged to bring the party back to power.
    (AP, 12/19/05)
2005        Dec 19, Antonio Fazio, embattled Italian central bank chief, resigned.
    (AP, 12/19/05)
2005        Dec 19, Japan’s Honda Motor Co. said it plans to start mass-producing solar cells in 2007, eyeing growing demand for environmentally friendly energy sources.
    (AP, 12/19/05)
2005        Dec 19, Lebanon closed a military route that crossed its border into Syria, ending nearly 3 decades of unmonitored flow of high-ranking officials and goods between the two countries.
    (AP, 12/19/05)
2005        Dec 19, Fernando Zevallos, an airline founder who was labeled Peru's drug kingpin by the Bush administration, was convicted of money laundering and cocaine trafficking and sentenced to 20 years in prison. The court also ordered him to pay a fine of $29 million for conspiring with Peru's Nortenos drug gang to ship 3.3 tons of cocaine to Mexico.
    (AP, 12/19/05)
2005        Dec 19, Spanish police arrested 15 people on suspicion of recruiting and indoctrinating fighters for Iraq's insurgency.
    (AP, 12/19/05)
2005        Dec 19, In Sudan some 500 camel and horse-riding assailants killed 20 civilians and burned their huts in West Darfur.
    (AP, 12/21/05)
2005        Dec 19, In Vietnam Trinh Huu (53), an Australian of Vietnamese origin, was convicted and sentenced to death by firing squad for trafficking heroin.
    (Reuters, 12/20/05)

2005        Dec 20, Pres. Bush signed legislation to establish a national databank for umbilical cord blood and bone marrow.
    (WSJ, 12/21/05, p.A1)
2005        Dec 20, The Pentagon said US troop levels in Afghanistan will be reduced by about 3,500 next spring, thanks to increased NATO forces and a growing Afghan army.
    (AP, 12/20/05)
2005        Dec 20, A US federal court in Pennsylvania ruled it was unconstitutional to teach schoolchildren the intelligent design theory of life as an alternative to evolution, dealing a blow to religious conservatives. Local parents had sued the Dover, Pa., school board after the board required that ninth-grade biology students be read a statement critical of evolution.
    (AFP, 12/21/05)(SFC, 12/21/05, p.A1)
2005        Dec 20, Joseph Nacchio (56), former Qwest Communications chief executive, was indicted in Denver on 42 counts of insider trading. He sold some $101 million worth of company stock in the 1st five months of 2001 ahead of publicly announced revenue problems.
    (SFC, 12/21/05, p.C3)
2005        Dec 20, In NYC subways and buses ground to a halt morning as transit workers walked off the job at the height of the holiday shopping and tourist season, forcing millions of riders to find new ways to get around.
    (AP, 12/20/05)
2005        Dec 20, In San Jose, Ca., struggling power generator Calpine Corp. filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection as it grapples with more than $22 billion in debt.
    (AP, 12/21/05)(SFC, 12/21/05, p.C1)
2005        Dec 20, Seagate Corp., a computer disk drive maker, agreed to pay $1.9 billion for rival Maxtor Corp.
    (WSJ, 12/21/05, p.A3)
2005        Dec 20, Wyoming planned to embark on an $8.8 million, five-year cloud-seeding project that aims to bolster mountain snowpack, and possibly yield proof of whether cloud seeding actually works.
    (AP, 12/20/05)
2005        Dec 20, In Algeria the facade of a dilapidated hotel collapsed in Algiers, killing eight people and injuring 21 others.
    (AP, 12/20/05)
2005        Dec 20, One in three Australians believe too many immigrants are allowed into the country and 16 percent oppose multiculturalism, according to a survey after the country's worst racial violence in decades.
    (AFP, 12/20/05)
2005        Dec 20, In Australia Rebekah Lawrence (34) committed suicide in Sydney. In 2009 a coroner said that participation in an intense self-help course led a woman to suffer a psychotic breakdown before she stripped naked and leaped to her death from an office window in front of horrified co-workers. Her death came two days after she completed The Turning Point, a four-day seminar run by the Sydney self-development company People Knowhow.
    (AP, 12/8/09)
2005        Dec 20, Evo Morales, Bolivia's presidential front-runner said he would not allow unlimited production of coca, the crop used to produce cocaine. He said coca farmers should have a say in controlling the crop, but left unclear how that could be accomplished. Morales also said that the current foreign firm contracts for exploration and production of natural gas were illegal and a re-negotiation would be necessary.
    (AP, 12/21/05)(WSJ, 12/21/05, p.A14)
2005        Dec 20, China said its economy is much bigger and less dependent on exports than previously reported, issuing new data that analysts said make its roaring growth look easier to sustain and could encourage even more foreign investment.
    (AP, 12/20/05)
2005        Dec 20, The "Yes" vote in Democratic Republic of Congo's referendum on whether to accept a post-war constitution took a strong early lead after a poll seen as paving the way for elections next year.
    (AP, 12/20/05)
2005        Dec 20, France's antitrust regulator slapped a 14.4 million euros ($17.2 million) fine on Buena Vista Home Entertainment Inc., a unit of Walt Disney Co., and three French retailers for fixing home video prices between 1995 and 1998.
    (AP, 12/20/05)
2005        Dec 20, A Canadian police officer serving as a UN peacekeeper in Haiti was shot to death near a volatile slum on the outskirts of the capital.
    (AP, 12/21/05)
2005        Dec 20, In Indonesia a court convicted a pilot of poisoning a top human rights activist and sentenced him to 14 years in prison. But the victim's widow alleged there was a larger conspiracy and demanded an investigation into the pilot's links with a senior intelligence official. The court said Pollycarpus Priyanto, an off-duty pilot, placed a massive dose of arsenic in Munir Thalib's meal on a Garuda Indonesia airlines flight on Sept. 7, 2004, because he wanted to silence the outspoken government critic.
    (AP, 12/20/05)
2005        Dec 20, Sunni Arabs alleged that last week's parliamentary elections were fraudulent, especially in Baghdad province, and they said if the irregularities are not corrected, new balloting must be held in Iraq's largest electoral district.
    (AP, 12/20/05)
2005        Dec 20, Italy’s government passed an overhaul package to scale back the power and responsibilities of the central bank governor.
    (WSJ, 12/21/05, p.A14)
2005        Dec 20, Argentina Brunetti (98), a character actress who played the worried wife of Mr. Martini in the classic film "It's a Wonderful Life" (1946), died in Rome. Her autobiography, "In Sicilian Company," which chronicles her family's show business adventures, was released in October.
    (AP, 12/25/05)
2005        Dec 20, Jordan named a tough anti-terrorism general to replace the country's top intelligence operative and approved a new Cabinet, part of a political and security overhaul since last month's deadly hotel bombings.
    (AP, 12/20/05)
2005        Dec 20, The Mexican government, angered by a U.S. proposal to extend a wall along the border to keep out migrants, pledged to block the plan and organize an international campaign against it.
    (AP, 12/21/05)
2005        Dec 20, The impeached governor of a Nigerian oil-exporting state faces charges of stealing $55 million in public funds, according to a charge sheet produced in court by Nigeria's anti-corruption agency.
    (Reuters, 12/20/05)
2005        Dec 20, In southern Nigeria attackers blew up a Royal Dutch Shell PLC pipeline carrying crude oil across, killing at least eight people and cutting crude production in Africa's oil giant.
    (AP, 12/20/05)
2005        Dec 20, About two dozen gunmen briefly seized Bethlehem's city hall on Manger Square, demanding money and jobs in the Palestinian security forces. Worried clergy temporarily closed the nearby Church of the Nativity for safety reasons.
    (AP, 12/20/05)
2005        Dec 20, In Peru some 20 suspected Shining Path rebels killed 8 police officers in an ambush near the town of Aucayacu in Leoncio Prado province.
    (AP, 12/22/05)
2005        Dec 20, Troops in southern Thailand struggled through mountains of mud in an effort to reach thousands stranded by floods and landslides that have killed at least 35 people.
    (AP, 12/20/05)
2005        Dec 20, Ukraine began pulling its remaining 876 troops out of Iraq, the defense ministry said, making it the latest nation to wind down its presence in the U.S.-led coalition.
    (AP, 12/20/05)

2005        Dec 21, The US Senate stopped a bid by Ted Stevens, Alaska’s Republican Sen., on a measure for oil drilling in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge in the US military spending bill. Senators also forced through a 5-month extension of key provisions of the Patriot Act. The move effectively killed a compromise that would have made permanent 14 of 16 provisions. The next day Senators cut the extension to 5 weeks.
    (SFC, 12/21/05, p.A1)(SFC, 12/22/05, p.A5)(SFC, 12/23/05, p.A1)
2005        Dec 21, US Energy Sec. Samuel Bodman announced that the Univ. of California would retain management of the New Mexico Los Alamos nuclear weapons lab in a 7-year, $512 million contract in a consortium that includes Bechtel Corp.
    (SFC, 12/22/05, p.A1)
2005        Dec 21, Millions of New Yorkers trudged to work in another bone-chilling commute without subways and buses as a transit strike entered its second day. The transit union suggested it would be willing to end the strike if a plan to change workers’ pensions were dropped.
    (AP, 12/21/05)(SFC, 12/22/05, p.A9)
2005        Dec 21, In Maryland 2 off-duty Baltimore police officers were shot to death at a suburban townhouse in Randallstown by a state officer for the Dept. of General Services. Eugene Victor Perry Jr. (33) surrendered shortly after the shootings. One of the victims was his former fiancee.
    (SFC, 12/23/05, p.A3)
2005        Dec 21, Afghan President Hamid Karzai said the coming reduction in US troop levels should have no harmful effect on Afghanistan's security.
    (AP, 12/21/05)
2005        Dec 21, Hallam Tennyson (85), the great-grandson of poet Alfred Lord Tennyson, was found stabbed to death at his London apartment.
    (AP, 12/24/05)
2005        Dec 21, An international panel, formed to resolve disputes between Eritrea and Ethiopia, said Eritrea violated int’l. law when it invaded the north of Ethiopia in May 1998.
    (AFP, 12/22/05)
2005        Dec 21, The UN Security Council voted unanimously to maintain diamond and timber sanctions against Liberia but said it will lift the embargoes when the country's new government ends illicit trade in its valuable resources.
    (AP, 12/21/05)
2005        Dec 21, George Weah, the loser of Liberia's first postwar presidential elections, dropped his legal challenge of the results, saying he would accept the outcome in the interest of national reconciliation.
    (AP, 12/21/05)
2005        Dec 21, In Nigeria Anglo-Dutch oil giant Shell announced the closure of a third flowstation, following the alleged sabotage of a pipeline, bringing a loss in crude oil production to 180,000 barrels per day (bpd).
    (AFP, 12/21/05)
2005        Dec 21, Peru's president declared a state of emergency in six jungle provinces and promised to stamp out the nation's remaining Shining Path guerrillas after suspected rebels killed eight police officers in an ambush.
    (AP, 12/22/05)
2005        Dec 21, In Russia's Far East authorities in Khabarovsk cut off water to its 10,000 people as a toxic slick from a chemical plant explosion in China floated downriver.
    (AP, 12/21/05)
2005        Dec 21, The UN and the African Union condemned an attack on a village in Sudan’s western Darfur region in which camel and horse-riding assailants killed 20 civilians and burned their huts.
    (AP, 12/21/05)
2005        Dec 21, Uzbekistan courts sentenced 42 people to between 12 and 20 years in prison in connection with the May uprising in the eastern city of Andijan, which was brutally suppressed by government troops.
    (AP, 12/21/05)(SFC, 12/22/05, p.A3)

2005        Dec 21, The US Congress completed work on a one-month extension of the Patriot Act and sent it to President Bush.
    (AP, 12/22/06)
2005        Dec 22, NYC striking bus and subway workers ended a 3-day strike voting to return to work and resume negotiations on a labor contract.
    (SFC, 12/23/05, p.A3)
2005        Dec 22, Astronomers using the Hubble Space Telescope reported the discovery of 2 new moons and 2 new rings circling Uranus.
    (SFC, 12/23/05, p.A4)
2005        Dec 22, Brazil said it will pay off its remaining $2.6 billion debt to the Paris Club in January, 2006.
    (WSJ, 12/23/05, p.A13)
2005        Dec 22, A decomposed body discovered in a Brussels canal a week ago was reported to be that of Juvenal Uwilingiyimana, a Rwandan former minister indicted by a UN tribunal on charges of genocide.
    (AFP, 12/23/05)
2005        Dec 22, China's southern business capital of Guangzhou rushed to ensure water supplies as a toxic spill from a smelter flowed toward the city of 7 million people 60 miles north of Hong Kong. Yingde, a smaller city nearby, stopped drawing drinking water from the contaminated Bei river. The spill from a smelter in Shaoguan pushed up levels of the heavy metal cadmium in the Bei to 10 times acceptable limits.
    (AP, 12/22/05)
2005        Dec 22, In southwestern China a gas explosion at a road construction site killed 42 people in Sichuan province.
    (AP, 12/22/05)
2005        Dec 22, Cuba announced it had turned a corner in its recovery from severe financial crisis, reporting 11.8 percent growth in 2005 using its own method for calculating gross domestic product.
    (AP, 12/22/05)
2005        Dec 22, Mohammed Mahdi Akef, the leader of Egypt's main Islamic opposition group, said the Holocaust was a "myth," and he slammed Western governments for criticizing disclaimers of the Jewish genocide.
    (AP, 12/22/05)
2005        Dec 22, The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ordered Turkey to put in place within three months an effective reparations mechanism for Greek Cypriots who were stripped of their possessions in the 1970s.
    (AP, 12/22/05)
2005        Dec 22, France's parliament approved an anti-terrorism bill that will boost the use of video surveillance and allow police more time to question terror suspects.
    (AP, 12/22/05)
2005        Dec 22, Tali Fahima (28), an Israeli woman, was sentenced to three years in prison for aiding a Palestinian gunman and relaying information to the enemy.
    (AP, 12/22/05)
2005        Dec 22, Israeli troops shot and killed three Palestinian militants, including Bashar Hanani (29), the local leader of a small radical faction, during an arrest raid in the West Bank city of Nablus.
    (AP, 12/22/05)(SFC, 12/23/05, p.A15)
2005        Dec 22, Italy's antitrust authority said it has opened an investigation to determine whether Premier Silvio Berlusconi violated conflict of interest rules when his government approved subsidies to Italians who buy digital-television decoders.
    (AP, 12/22/05)
2005        Dec 22, Japan's government said the population dropped this year for the first time on record, signaling a demographic turnaround for one of the world's fastest-aging societies. Japan became the world's first leading economy to suffer a decline in population, with 21,408 more deaths than births, the feared onset of what may become a crippling labor shortage at mid-century.
    (AP, 12/22/05)(AP, 1/20/07)
2005        Dec 22, The Dutch government said it planned to send up to 1,400 additional troops to Afghanistan for expanded NATO peacekeeping.
    (AP, 12/22/05)
2005        Dec 22, A lottery known as "El Gordo" — the Fat One — sprinkled more than $2.4 billion in Christmas cheer around Spain, with this Catalan town known for its churches and convents blessed with a quarter of the windfall.
    (AP, 12/22/05)
2005        Dec 22, Romania's prime minister rejected US calls to allow adoptions by foreigners of about 1,000 Romanian children.
    (AP, 12/22/05)
2005        Dec 22, A toxic spill from China reached Khabarovsk, and the region's governor appealed for calm in the Far Eastern Russian city, where residents have crammed their apartments with bottles, pails, pans and even bathtubs full of fresh water.
    (AP, 12/22/05)
2005        Dec 22, Sweden's immigration authority was facing harsh criticism after media reported that employees celebrated deportations of asylum-seekers with cakes and champagne.
    (AP, 12/22/05)
2005        Dec 22, An Istanbul court fined an author and a journalist for insulting the Turkish state, the latest convictions under a law that European officials say limits freedom of expression and must be changed.
    (AP, 12/22/05)

2005        Dec 23, US Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld announced the first of what is likely to be a series of US combat troop drawdowns in Iraq in 2006. The Pentagon said the reductions would be about 7,000 troops.
    (AP, 12/23/05)
2005        Dec 23, In a NYC probe, first reported by the Daily News in October, authorities confirmed this week that investigators found paperwork indicating that bones of British broadcaster Alistair Cooke had been removed and sold by Biomedical Tissue Services, before he was cremated in 2004. Human bone, skin and tendons were allegedly removed from the bodies of hundreds of others without required permission from their families. The Brooklyn case stemmed from a deal struck between Michael Mastromarino (42), a Fort Lee, NJ, dentist who started Biomedical Tissue Services, and Joseph Nicelli (49), an embalmer and funeral parlor operator from Staten Island. In 2006 seven funeral directors pleaded guilty to undisclosed charges and agreed to cooperate with investigators. In 2008 Mastromarino pleaded guilty to hundreds of counts of abusing corpses, forgery, theft and other allegations stemming from the operation, which he ran with 3 Philadelphia funeral directors.
    (AP, 12/23/05)(SFC, 2/24/06, p.A2)(SFC, 10/19/06, p.A7)(SFC, 8/30/08, p.A2)
2005        Dec 23, US fashion company Tommy Hilfiger Corp., whose all-American designs have struggled in its home market, was taken over for 1.6 billion dollars by British private equity group Apax Partners.
    (AP, 12/23/05)
2005        Dec 23, Greenpeace activists said a Japanese whaling fleet is "on the run" as activists chased it across the icy waters of the Southern Ocean near Antarctica. A day earlier activists in small inflatable boats had repeatedly maneuvered into position between target whales and the harpooners, allowing several whales to escape.
    (AP, 12/23/05)
2005        Dec 23, An Azerbaijani Airlines An-140 twin-engine turboprop crashed on the Caspian Sea coast and all 18 passengers and five crew were killed. Equipment failure was suspected.
    (AP, 12/24/05)
2005        Dec 23, A British judge ruled that Alexander Temerko (39), a former executive of Russian oil producer OAO Yukos, may not be extradited to Russia because the case is politically motivated and he would not receive a fair trial.
    (AP, 12/23/05)
2005        Dec 23, Bulgaria and Libya agreed to set up a special fund for AIDS-infected children in Libya, where five Bulgarian nurses face the death penalty after being convicted of causing the infections.
    (AP, 12/23/05)
2005        Dec 23, China’s government announced that it has dismissed two provincial deputy governors and prosecuted 96 officials blamed for six high-profile coal mine accidents that killed a total of 528 people over the past 13 months.
    (AP, 12/23/05)
2005        Dec 23, In China's southwestern city of Chongqing Xu Wanping (44) was sentenced by a court after being convicted of subversion charges. He was convicted and jailed for 12 years for organizing anti-Japanese protests on the mainland.
    (AP, 12/25/05)
2005        Dec 23, In China’s Henan province a blast triggered a fire that swept through a long-distance bus, killing 11 passengers and seriously injuring three. Chinese police later detained the suspected architect of a bus bombing designed to kill his wife.
    (Reuters, 1/4/06)
2005        Dec 23, Yao Wenyuan (74), the last surviving member of the Gang of Four, died. The Gang of Four, reportedly given its name by then-Chinese leader Mao Zedong, directed the purge of moderate party officials and intellectuals during the 1966-1976 Cultural Revolution.
    (AP, 1/6/06)
2005        Dec 23, A French military tribunal opened an investigation into allegations that French peacekeepers facilitated attacks on ethnic minority Tutsis during the 1994 genocide of more than half a million Rwandans.
    (AP, 12/23/05)
2005        Dec 23, In Honduras, official results confirmed that opposition candidate Manuel Zelaya won the presidency in November elections.
    (AP, 12/24/05)
2005        Dec 23, India's parliament voted to expel 11 lawmakers who were caught on camera taking bribes to raise questions in parliament.
    (AP, 12/23/05)
2005        Dec 23, In Iraq large demonstrations broke out across the country to denounce parliamentary elections that protesters say were rigged in favor of the main religious Shiite coalition. Two US soldiers were killed when their vehicle struck a roadside bomb in Baghdad. Insurgents killed 10 Iraqi troops outside Baghdad.
    (AP, 12/23/05)(WSJ, 12/24/05, p.A1)
2005        Dec 23, Two Arab satellite television channels said that a Sudanese diplomat and five other men had been kidnapped in Iraq. A Sudanese Foreign Ministry spokesman appealed for their release in an interview with Qatar-based Al-Jazeera.
    (AP, 12/23/05)
2005        Dec 23, An Italian judge issued EU arrest warrants for 22 purported CIA operatives in connection with the alleged kidnapping of an Egyptian cleric from a Milan street in 2003. the warrants allowed for the arrest of the suspects in any of the 25 EU member countries.
    (AP, 12/23/05)
2005        Dec 23, Police in southern Italy arrested three Algerians on international terrorism charges and accused them of planning attacks in Iraq and Italy.
    (AP, 12/23/05)
2005        Dec 23, In Myanmar at least four government battalions began shelling and attacking villages and internal refugee hide-outs in southern Karenni State and areas of neighboring Karen State, forcing some 3,000 people to flee their homes.
    (AP, 2/21/06)
2005        Dec 23, In the Netherlands a court jailed Frans van Anraat (63), a Dutch businessman, for 15 years after finding him guilty of complicity in war crimes for selling chemicals to Iraq used to carry out gas attacks, but acquitted him of genocide charges.
    (Reuters, 12/23/05)
2005        Dec 23, In Pakistan Nazir Ahmed (40), angry that his eldest step-daughter allegedly committed adultery, slit her throat as she slept, then killed his 3 daughters in the village of Gago Mandi in eastern Punjab province.
    (AP, 12/24/05)(SFC, 12/29/05, p.A8)
2005        Dec 23, Lech Kaczynski was sworn in as Poland's new president, completing the rise to power of conservative leaders who pledged to fight corruption, boost the economy and distance the country from its communist past.
    (AP, 12/23/05)
2005        Dec 23, An unmanned Russian cargo ship arrived at the international space station bearing supplies, chocolates and gifts from the families of the American and Russian crewmen.
    (AP, 12/23/05)
2005        Dec 23, South Korean researcher Hwang Woo-suk resigned from his university after the school said he fabricated stem-cell research that had raised hopes of new cures for hard-to-treat diseases.
    (AP, 12/23/05)
2005        Dec 23, Powerful land mine blasts blew up a bus carrying Sri Lankan sailors, killing 15 and injuring at least 15 others. Tamil separatist rebels were suspected in the attack amid an escalation of violence that is threatening to return the South Asian nation to civil war.
    (AFP, 12/23/05)

2005        Dec 23, Michael Vale (83), the actor best known for portraying sleepy-eyed Fred the Baker in Dunkin’ Donuts commercials, died in New York.
    (AP, 12/24/06)
2005        Dec 24, A land mine exploded on a highway in southern Afghanistan, killing four suspected Taliban insurgents as they tried to plant the explosive on the road.
    (AP, 12/25/05)
2005        Dec 24, It was reported that bovine TB was rising 18% a year on British farms and that the disease was being transmitted by badgers.
    (Econ, 12/24/05, p.79)
2005        Dec 24, China and North Korea signed an agreement to jointly develop offshore oil reserves.
    (AP, 12/24/05)
2005        Dec 24, Congolese and UN troops captured a militia base in the volatile east, as referendum results showed an overwhelming "Yes" to a new constitution intended to help end the country's conflict. UN and Congolese soldiers attacked militiamen in Ituri and Ugandan rebels in Kivu province killing some 80 rebels.
    (AP, 12/24/05)(Econ, 1/7/06, p.49)
2005        Dec 24, In Egypt a court sentenced leading government opponent Ayman Nour to five years' imprisonment for forgery at the end of a year-long judicial process that has drawn international criticism and strained Egypt's relations with the US. Nour was freed in 2009.
    (AP, 12/24/05)(AP, 2/18/09)
2005        Dec 24, In Haiti a UN peacekeeper from Jordan was shot to death while on patrol in Cite Soleil, a slum that has seen almost daily violence since the ouster of President Aristide.
    (AP, 12/25/05)
2005        Dec 24, Iraq’s governing Shiite coalition called on Iraqis to accept results showing the religious bloc leading in parliamentary elections and moved ahead with efforts to form a “national unity" government. The electoral commission said it would carry out a court decision to remove 90 people who were members of Saddam's Hussein's outlawed Baath party from the tickets of political parties and coalitions that participated in Dec. 15 elections. Militants released a video of a Jordanian hostage, giving Jordan 3 days to cut ties with the Baghdad government and free a female would-be suicide bomber involved in November attacks in Amman.
    (AP, 12/24/05)(AP, 12/24/06)
 2005        Dec 24, The Japanese government said it has decided to move forward with a ballistic missile defense program with the United States.
    (AP, 12/24/05)
2005        Dec 24, Russia's Foreign Ministry made a formal offer to Iran to move its uranium enrichment program to Russia, raising diplomatic pressure on Tehran to accept the Western-backed plan it has so far rejected.
    (AP, 12/24/05)
2005        Dec 24, In St. Petersburg, Russia, a Cameroonian student was stabbed to death and another African student was seriously wounded in separate attacks Russian prosecutors called likely hate crimes. More than 15 people in Russia were killed in apparently racially motivated attacks this year. Last year saw 44 such slayings, according to the Moscow Bureau of Human Rights. The group estimates that Russia is home to some 50,000 skinheads and numerous neo-Nazi organizations.
    (AP, 12/26/05)
2005        Dec 24, Yemeni kidnappers freed two Austrian tourists, three days after seizing them in an apparent dispute over the government's arrest of fellow tribesmen.
    (AP, 12/24/05)

2005        Dec 25, In Brazil Djalma Costa Ferreira (68) hit his wife, Benvinda Matos Costa, several times with the sledgehammer following a Christmas party at the house of one of their sons, because he believed she had cheated on him and wanted to spend all his money. In 2010 he was convicted of murder and sentenced to nearly 23 years in prison.
    (AP, 9/11/10)
2005        Dec 25, In China a fire at an unlicensed bar killed at least 26 people and injured eight in Zhongstan, which abuts Macau west of Hong Kong.
    (AP, 12/26/05)
2005        Dec 25, In Bogota, Colombia, Jordan Paez (6) fell into a coverless manhole and was killed. A record 10,000 manhole covers were stolen there in 2005.
    (AP, 1/1/06)
2005        Dec 25-2005 Dec 26, Some 3,500 Congolese troops backed by 600 UN Indian peacekeepers battled Ugandan rebels near Congo's eastern city of Beni, leaving 35 rebels and one Indian UN soldier dead.
    (AP, 12/26/05)(AFP, 12/26/05)
2005        Dec 25, Iran denied that it received a proposal to move its uranium enrichment facilities to Russian soil, a compromise Europe is seeking to resolve a standoff over Iran's nuclear program.
    (AP, 12/25/05)
2005        Dec 25, Bombs struck Iraqi police and army patrols and destroyed an American tank in Baghdad as fresh street protests over election results kept up tension that has soured the mood after a peaceful ballot 10 days ago. 2 US soldiers were killed by bombs. A suicide bomber killed 5 Iraqi soldiers in Baghdad. Bombings and gun attacks killed 11 more people in Baghdad, Kirkuk, Mosul and Jbala.
    (Reuters, 12/25/05)(SFC, 12/26/05, p.A9)
2005        Dec 25, In northern Japan an express train traveling through strong winter winds derailed in Yamagata prefecture, killing 5 people and injuring more than 30. Heavy snowfall and blizzards have lead to the deaths of eight other people and disrupted traffic for hundreds of thousands of holiday travelers across Japan.
    (AP, 12/26/05)(AP, 12/27/05)
2005        Dec 25, Libya's Supreme Court scrapped death sentences against five Bulgarian nurses and a Palestinian doctor and ordered a retrial of the cases which have harmed Tripoli's efforts to build ties with the West.
    (Reuters, 12/25/05)
2005        Dec 25, In Somalia warlords and civilians installed a council to govern Mogadishu, an action that further fragments the nation but could bring the capital under the control of a single group after 14 years of anarchy.
    (AP, 12/25/05)
2005        Dec 25, In Sri Lanka gunmen shot and killed Joseph Pararajasingham (71), a pro-rebel legislator during midnight Christmas Mass. He represented the Tamil National Alliance, a proxy party of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, the rebel group that wants to create a homeland for Sri Lanka's 3.2 million ethnic Tamil minority.
    (AP, 12/25/05)
2006        Dec 25, Birgit Nilsson (b.1918), Swedish opera singer, died. Her prodigious voice, unrivaled stamina and thrilling high notes made her the greatest Wagnerian soprano of the post-World War II era.
    (AP, 1/11/06)(SFC, 1/12/06, p.A2)
2005        Dec 25, Pope Benedict the 16th marked his first Christmas as pope, calling for concrete actions to back up “signs of hope" in the Middle East and urging peace in Darfur, Sudan and the Korean peninsula.
    (AP, 12/25/06)

2005        Dec 26, "Monday Night Football" ended an unprecedented 36-year run on ABC TV with a lackluster game, a 31-to-21 New England Patriots victory over the New York Jets. The series switched to ESPN the following season.
    (AP, 12/26/06)
2005        Dec 26, New Orleans Police officers shot and killed a man brandishing a knife in a confrontation that was partially videotaped by a bystander, setting off another internal investigation of the embattled department.
    (AP, 12/27/05)
2005        Dec 26, John Diebold (70), a US consultant who preached computers to businesses, died.
    (WSJ, 12/28/05, p.A1)
2005        Dec 26, The US military gave details of its planned troop reduction in Afghanistan, saying the total number would shrink by some 2,500 from the current 19,000 under a routine troop rotation due very soon.
    (AFP, 12/26/05)
2005        Dec 26, Kerry Packer (68), Australian media mogul, died in his Sydney home. He built his empire on the Nine Network television station and the Australian Consolidated Press magazine publishing business but in recent years had concentrated his efforts more in the gaming industry.
    (SFC, 12/27/05, p.B4)(Econ, 1/7/06, p.77)
2005        Dec 26, In Canada gunfire erupted on a busy Toronto street filled with holiday shoppers, killing a young woman (15) and wounding six other people. There have been 78 murders in Toronto this year, including a record 52 by gunfire, twice as many as last year. On June 13, 2006, 8 people were arrested in connection with the shootings.
    (AP, 12/27/05)(Reuters, 6/13/06)
2005        Dec 26, News reports said China has closed 2,411 coal mines for safety violations, and will start requiring mines to post safety bonds. 12,990 mines were ordered to suspend operations for safety inspections.
    (AP, 12/26/05)
2005        Dec 26, Maxima Perez (33), a woman in the Dominican Republic, gave birth to the first sextuplets ever recorded in this Caribbean country.
    (AP, 12/27/05)
2005        Dec 26, The EU announced a 166 million euros ($196.9 million) aid package for 10 African countries. The aid will go to Sudan, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Burundi, Chad, Tanzania, Uganda, Liberia, the Ivory Coast, Madagascar and Comoros.
    (Reuters, 12/26/05)
2005        Dec 26, India freed eight Pakistani prisoners as part of peace efforts between the South Asia rivals, while the two governments scheduled new talks to resolve their long-standing dispute over the Himalayan territory of Kashmir.
    (AP, 12/26/05)
2005        Dec 26, Gunmen shot and killed 5 police officers at a checkpoint north of Baghdad. 6 vehicle bombs exploded in Baghdad, leaving another 5 people dead and over 40 wounded. At least two dozen people including a US soldier were killed in shootings and bombings mostly targeting the Shiite-dominated security services.
    (AP, 12/26/05)
2005        Dec 26, Two US pilots were killed after their Apache collided in mid-air with another helicopter just west of Baghdad.
    (AP, 12/28/05)
2005        Dec 26, Israel said it will build more than 200 new homes in Jewish West Bank settlements, a blow to peace efforts despite word that Ariel Sharon's new party plans a major push for Palestinian statehood if it wins upcoming elections.
    (AP, 12/26/05)
2005        Dec 26, Japan's benchmark stock index topped 16,000 points, reaching its highest level since October 2000. The dollar rose slightly against the yen and euro.
    (AP, 12/26/05)
2005        Dec 26, Character actor Vincent Schiavelli (57), who appeared in scores of movies, including "One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest" and "Ghost," died at his home in Sicily.
    (AP, 12/26/05)
2005        Dec 26, In southeastern Venezuela an accidental fireworks explosion touched off a blaze that raced through a busy strip mall, killing at least 12 people and injuring five others.
    (AP, 12/27/05)

2005        Dec 27, The US State Dept. announced sanctions against 9 foreign companies, 6 Chinese, for selling missile and chemical-arms goods to Iran.
    (WSJ, 12/28/05, p.A1)
2005        Dec 27, In NYC the executive board of the transit workers approved a tentative contract that included a 10.9% raise over 3 years and a requirement for workers to contribute to their health care plans.
    (SFC, 12/28/05, p.A3)
2005        Dec 27, A reported inversion with long-term interest rates dropping below short-term rates prompted a sell-off on Wall Street. The trend often precedes an economic downturn.
    (WSJ, 12/28/05, p.A1)
2005        Dec 27, Grass fires burned in drought-stricken Texas and Oklahoma. Over three days, nearly 200 homes were lost and the fires blamed for at least four deaths.
    (AP, 12/27/06)
2005        Dec 27, A close aide said Bolivia’s President-elect Evo Morales will reject US economic and military aid if the US requires continued coca-eradication efforts to get the money.
    (AP, 12/27/05)
2005        Dec 27, Inmates at a prison in Brazil's remote Amazon jungle held more than 200 people hostage, demanding the return of their leader from another prison. Authorities agreed to bring him back, but both sides remained at an impasse, waiting for the other to make the first move.
    (AP, 12/27/05)
2005        Dec 27, In China Tian Fengshan, former minister of land and resources, was sentenced to life in prison on charges of taking $545,000 in bribes from 1995-2003.
    (AP, 12/27/05)
2005        Dec 27, US financial services giant Citigroup Inc. said it plans to increase its stake in China's Shanghai Pudong Development Bank to 19.9 percent, the maximum legal holding for a single foreign bank in a local lender.
    (AP, 12/27/05)
2005        Dec 27, Leftist rebels ambushed a group of soldiers who were protecting civilians in southern Colombia, killing 28.
    (AP, 12/28/05)
2005        Dec 27, East Timor's president formally opened a consulate in Indonesia's neighbouring West Timor province in an effort to strengthen relations between the two nations.
    (AFP, 12/28/05)
2005        Dec 27, A conference underlining the gravity of Egypt's landmines problem kicked off in Cairo, with delegates appealing for international support in the mine clearing effort. Egypt is one of the most heavily-mined regions in the world, a legacy of World War II and the Arab-Israeli wars, which left the northwestern desert infested with an estimated 22 million mines and  other unexploded ordnance (UXOs).
    (AFP, 12/28/05)
2005        Dec 27, In Indonesia a year after the tsunami destroyed their battlefield, Aceh rebels formally disbanded their armed wing, effectively ending their 30-year separatist insurgency.
    (AP, 12/27/05)
2005        Dec 27, Clashes erupted between gunmen and Iraqi police in Baghdad, killing two policemen and two bystanders. South of Baghdad, a roadside bomb targeting a police patrol killed two officers, and gunmen in southern Baghdad killed another. Gunmen southeast of Kirkuk, killed one police officer.
    (AP, 12/27/05)
2005        Dec 27, The Israeli military fired a barrage of artillery and missiles at the Gaza Strip, hitting two offices of the Al Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades and a bridge the army said was used by militants to reach areas where they fire rockets.
    (AP, 12/27/05)
2005        Dec 27, Three rockets landed in a residential area of a northern Israeli town near the Lebanese border, damaging some property but causing no injuries.
    (AP, 12/27/05)
2005        Dec 27, The Japanese government endorsed measures that would put more women in top government posts and provide more support for working mothers at a time when the country is facing low birth rates and a looming labor shortage.
    (AP, 12/27/05)
2005        Dec 27, In Kuwait 6 men were convicted and sentenced to death on charges they belonged to a terrorist group that planned to attack US troops in Kuwait. They were among 37 Kuwaitis and other nationals accused of joining the Lions of the Peninsula, a group the prosecution claims was planning attacks. The defendants were captured after clashing with Kuwaiti police in January 2005.
    (AP, 12/27/05)(AP, 3/9/06)
2005        Dec 27, Abdel-Qadar Abdel Qader, a Syrian, was arrested in Lebanon on suspicion of involvement in the assassination of Gibran Tueni, the anti-Syrian general manager and columnist of Lebanon's leading newspaper.
    (AP, 12/27/05)
2005        Dec 27, Philippine prosecutors charged four US Marines with rape in what is seen as a test case for a bilateral accord allowing American troops to train here.
    (AP, 12/27/05)
2005        Dec 27, Andrei Illarionov, an outspoken economic adviser to Russian President Vladimir Putin, announced that he was resigning, saying he could no longer work in a government that had done away with political freedoms.
    (AP, 12/27/05)
2005        Dec 27, Saudi police arrested Mohammed Abdel-Rahman Mohammed al-Suwailmi, a terror suspect on the country's list of most wanted militants.
    (AP, 12/27/05)
2005        Dec 27, In Spain a new law that took effect ordering government ministries to close no later than 6 p.m., part of a broad package of measures that are geared to help Spaniards juggle their jobs and families.
    (AP, 12/28/05)
2005        Dec 27, In Sri Lanka a land mine killed at least 10 soldiers on the northern Jaffna peninsula. A police officer patrolling the eastern town of Kalmunai was killed. Tiger rebels were blamed.
    (SFC, 12/28/05, p.A5)
2005        Dec 27, Official Syrian news reported that Syria has signed a $2.7 billion memorandum of understanding with a Russian company for construction of a refinery and petrochemical plant in northeast Syria.
    (AP, 12/27/05)
2005        Dec 27, Turkey reported an outbreak of avian influenza in chickens in the eastern area of Igdir, less than a month after declaring its territory free of the virus, and said it had culled 359 birds as a precautionary measure.
    (Reuters, 12/28/05)
2005        Dec 27, Ukraine and Bulgaria said all their troops had left Iraq. Poland said it would remain but reduce its number of troops by 600 next year.
    (AP, 12/27/05)

2005        Dec 28, US officials said the number of indictments for bilking victims of Hurricane Katrina has grown to 49 at a Bakersfield, California, call center used by the Red Cross.
    (WSJ, 12/29/05, p.A1)
2005        Dec 28, Richard Causey (45), former accounting chief for Enron Corp., pleaded guilty to criminal conduct preceding the company’s collapse into bankruptcy.
    (SFC, 12/29/05, p.A1)
2005        Dec 28, In Cleveland an immigration judge renewed the order that John Demjanjuk (85), a retired auto worker accused of being a Nazi concentration camp guard at Sobibor in Poland (1943), be deported to his native Ukraine. Demjanjuk appealed the deportation order. In 2009 Demjanjuk was set to be deported to stand murder charges in Munich, Germany, but won a last minute stay on his 89th birthday. The stay was revoked a few days later.
    (SFC, 12/29/05, p.A3)(WSJ, 12/29/05, p.A1)(SFC, 4/4/09, p.A6)(SFC, 4/7/09, p.A6)
2005        Dec 28, Firefighters searched for missing people and hoped for cooler, calmer weather after deadly wildfires raced across thousands of acres of grassland in Texas and Oklahoma. Fires due to the worst drought in decades destroyed dozens of homes.
    (AP, 12/28/05)(WSJ, 12/29/05, p.A1)
2005        Dec 28, Patrick Cranshaw (86), who achieved cult-like status as fraternity brother "Blue" in the 2003 comedy "Old School," died in Texas.
    (AP, 12/31/05)
2005        Dec 28, A remote-control bomb exploded on a mountainous road in eastern Afghanistan, killing one US service member and wounding two.
    (AP, 12/28/05)
2005        Dec 28, Australian investment bank Macquarie Bank Ltd. said it had bought an 81 percent interest in two Canadian healthcare projects, nine months after acquiring a Canadian aged care housing provider.
    (Reuters, 12/28/05)
2005        Dec 28, Jamaat Islami Bangladesh, the main Islamic partner of Bangladesh's coalition government, staged a huge rally (some 100,000) in the capital Dhaka to rebut opposition claims that it supports Muslim militants.
    (AFP, 12/28/05)
2005        Dec 28, Officials said UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan has nominated Serge Brammertz, a Belgian prosecutor, to lead the next stage of a probe into the assassination of former Lebanese PM Rafik Hariri.
    (AP, 12/28/05)
2005        Dec 28, Rebellious inmates at a prison in Brazil's remote Amazon jungle ended a four-day uprising and released more than 200 hostages after authorities met their principal demand by returning one of their leaders from another prison.
    (AP, 12/28/05)
2005        Dec 28, Chilean police took fingerprints and mugs shots of Gen. Augusto Pinochet following his indictment for the killing and disappearance of 9 dissidents during his dictatorship.
    (AP, 12/28/05)
2005        Dec 28, Two members of a secretive German colony in Chile were indicted on abuse allegations in connection with the alleged torture of eight children.
    (AP, 12/28/05)
2005        Dec 28, Police blocked a Chinese family from holding a news conference in Beijing to publicize complaints of police brutality in their village. The Fengs and a fellow villager complained that police in Xiong County, 50 miles from Beijing in Hebei province, beat two of them and refused to pursue complaints of rape and assault.
    (AP, 12/28/05)
2005        Dec 28, In China 17 coal miners working at the Fanjiasi mine in Dianwan town, Zuoyun county, were trapped by flooding. On Dec 31 eight were confirmed dead.
    (AFP, 12/31/05)
2005        Dec 28, A group of 131 detained Ethiopian opposition figures and journalists refused en masse to plead on treason and other serious charges.
    (AFP, 12/28/05)
2005        Dec 28, The EU launched the first satellite in its Galileo navigation program, which officials expect one day will end the continent's reliance on the US Global Positioning System. A Soyuz rocket, launched from Baikonur, Kazakhstan, carried the 1st of an expected 30 satellites.
    (AP, 12/28/05)(Econ, 7/15/06, p.53)
2005        Dec 28, The German state of Bavaria banned the Multi-Kultur-Haus (MKH) association,  a radical Islamist group, saying materials seized from its offices urged Muslims to murder Jews and Christians.
    (AP, 12/28/05)
2005        Dec 28, In Bangalore, India, gunmen fired toward a crowd outside a leading science institute, killing a retired professor and wounding four other people. On Dec 17, 2011, six people were convicted for their involvement in the shooting.
    (AP, 12/28/05)(AP, 12/17/11)
2005        Dec 28, A bus collided with a truck on a highway in western India and burst into flames, killing at least 30 people.
    (AP, 12/28/05)
2005        Dec 28, An inmate in a Baghdad prison grabbed an assault rifle from a guard and opened fire. 9 Iraqis died in a failed jailbreak after storming the armory at a high-security prison.
    (AP, 12/28/05)(AFP, 12/29/05)
2005        Dec 28, Israeli jets blasted a Palestinian militant group's base a few miles outside Beirut, hours after rockets fired from Lebanon hit a northern Israeli border town.
    (AP, 12/28/05)
2005        Dec 28, Japanese harpooners slipped away from Greenpeace anti-whaling activists under cover of a storm in the Southern Ocean off Antarctica. Greenpeace vessels stuck with the Japanese whaling fleet's mother ship.
    (AFP, 12/28/05)
2005        Dec 28, Dozens of masked Palestinian gunmen took over election offices in the Gaza Strip, exchanging fire with police and demanding spaces for the ruling Fatah Party's military wing on a list for Jan. 25 parliamentary elections.
    (AP, 12/28/05)
2005        Dec 28, Russia’s parliament concluded the local officials contributed to the Sep 3, 2004, death toll in Beslan in contradiction to a prosecutor’s report the previous day.
    (WSJ, 12/29/05, p.A1)
2005        Dec 28, Saudi police shot dead a militant on Saudi Arabia's most-wanted list, the second major terror suspect to die in the country in 24 hours.
    (AP, 12/28/05)
2005        Dec 28, Sudan denied Chadian accusations it was supporting dissidents trying to oust Pres. Idriss Deby and said an African Union summit would go ahead in Khartoum in January.
    (Reuters, 12/28/05)
2005        Dec 28, The head of Turkey’s broadcasting board said Turkish TV stations will be allowed to broadcast programs in Kurdish and other minority languages beginning next month.
    (SFC, 12/29/05, p.A3)
2005        Dec 28, Uzbekistan's highest court sentenced 11 policemen, soldiers and prison doctors to up to 11 years in prison in connection with the May uprising in the eastern city of Andijan.
    (AP, 12/29/05)
2005        Dec 28, Armed men kidnapped a former German diplomat and his family touring the mountains of eastern Yemen and pressed the Yemeni government for the release of jailed members of their tribe.
    (AP, 12/28/05)
2005        Dec 28, In Yemen a mountain avalanche swept away 23 houses in the tiny village of  Dhafeer, killing at least 56 people.
    (AP, 12/31/05)

2005        Dec 29, US Treasury chief Snow said Congress must raise the debt ceiling, now at $8.18 trillion, by mid-February to keep the government running.
    (WSJ, 12/30/05, p.A1)
2005        Dec 29, An official said the number of detainees on hunger strike at the U.S. military detention facility in Guantanamo Bay more than doubled in the last week to 84.
    (AP, 12/29/05)
2005        Dec 29, Suspected Taliban rebels detonated a mine near a police checkpoint in southern Afghanistan, killing four Afghan police officers and wounding seven.
    (AP, 12/30/05)
2005        Dec 29, Two suspected Taliban suicide bombers died when explosives they were strapping to their bodies exploded prematurely in southern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 12/29/05)
2005        Dec 29, Hannah Lessing, chief fund overseer, said about 3,000 people have been cleared to receive the first payments from an Austrian fund to compensate Holocaust survivors, and another 3,000 should be approved shortly.
    (AP, 12/29/05)
2005        Dec 29, A British opposition legislator called for an investigation into claims that British security officers were involved in abducting and mistreating terrorist suspects in Greece. 28 Pakistanis claim they were abducted from their homes in Athens and other parts of Greece in mid-July, shortly after deadly transit bombings in London.
    (AP, 12/30/05)
2005        Dec 29, Britain’s tax authorities recognized the Maltese Stock Exchange (MSE). The equity index of the MSE rose 60% this year.
    (http://business.timesofmalta.com/article.php?id=3721)(Econ, 2/11/06, p.71)
2005        Dec 29, China’s Premier Wen Jiabao warned in a speech against land seizure abuses. The speech was published Jan 20, 2006.
    (WSJ, 1/21/06, p.A1)
2005        Dec 29, Reporters at a Beijing newspaper known for covering sensitive topics walked off the job after editor Yang Bin was removed this week amid efforts to tighten press controls.
    (AP, 12/30/05)
2005        Dec 29, China’s government said about 300 million people living in the vast countryside drink unsafe water tainted by chemicals and other contaminants in its latest acknowledgment of mounting risks from widespread pollution.
    (AP, 12/29/05)
2005        Dec 29, China confirmed its 7th human infection, and third human death, from bird flu, after health officials revealed a factory worker (41) died from the disease over a week ago.
    (Reuters, 12/29/05)
2005        Dec 29, In Croatia Slobodan Davidovic (52), an ethnic Serb seen killing Muslims in a nationally televised video, was convicted of war crimes and sentenced to 15 years in prison, with the judge saying he had shown "no mercy or compassion" for his victims.
    (AP, 12/29/05)
2005        Dec 29, A man blew himself up in what appeared to be an attempted suicide bombing near a mosque in the Russian province of Dagestan, killing himself and injuring another person.
    (AP, 12/29/05)
2005        Dec 29, Ethiopia’s government said a plan by Western donors to withhold $375 million in aid from Ethiopia over the government's crackdown on opposition supporters would have an "insignificant" impact on its budget. Diplomats said the money would be reallocated to the UN and aid agencies working to combat poverty in Ethiopia.
    (Reuters, 12/29/05)(SFC, 12/30/05, p.A3)
2005        Dec 29, Drought was reported to have triggered extreme food shortages in the East African countries of Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia, putting millions of people at risk of famine as the lean dry season approaches.
    (AP, 12/30/05)
2005        Dec 29, France reported a second death from freezing temperatures as blizzards swept through northern and central Europe, forcing flight cancellations at Prague airport and cutting power lines and rail links in Scandinavia.
    (AP, 12/29/05)
2005        Dec 29, The Indian government cleared an agreement to set up a free trade area for 7 South Asian countries, in a move expected to more than double the size of the regional market. The landmark deal to create a South Asian Free Trade Area (SAFTA) was signed in Islamabad in January 2004 during a regional summit with January 1, 2006 set as a deadline for implementation.
    (AP, 12/29/05)
2005        Dec 29, Indonesia's military acknowledged for the first time that its commanders in Papua had received "support" from a U.S. gold-mining giant, responding to allegations that Freeport-McMoRan Co. gave the army millions of dollars to protect its facilities in the remote province.
    (AP, 12/29/05)
2005        Dec 29, Top Iranian and Russian officials agreed to hold talks on a Russian proposal aimed a resolving Tehran's nuclear standoff with the West.
    (AP, 12/29/05)
2005        Dec 29, Sunni Arab and secular groups refused to open discussions with the Shiite religious bloc leading in Iraq's parliamentary elections until a full review of the contested results is carried out. An international team agreed to assess Iraq's parliamentary elections, a decision lauded by Sunni Arab and secular Shiite groups who have staged repeated protests around Iraq complaining of widespread fraud and intimidation. Fourteen Shiite men and women were gunned down in an area south of Iraq's capital known as the "triangle of death." A US soldier died in a bomb blast and a Lebanese was kidnapped in Baghdad. A suicide bomber blew himself up next to a police patrol car in Baghdad, killing four policemen and wounding five.
    (AP, 12/29/05)(AFP, 12/29/05)(AP, 12/30/05)
2005        Dec 29, Italy’s Newspaper Corriere della Sera reported that prosecutors accused Premier Berlusconi of ordering the payment of at least $600,000 to British lawyer David Mills in 1997 to give false testimony in two trials against the premier.
    (AP, 12/29/05)
2005        Dec 29, Mario Draghi, an investment banker and former Treasury official, was named Bank of Italy governor to succeed Antonio Fazio.
    (AP, 12/29/05)
2005        Dec 29, Kyrgyzstan's president effectively ended the use of the death penalty in this ex-Soviet republic by extending a moratorium on the punishment until its planned abolition. Kyrgyzstan first imposed the moratorium in 1998 and has since repeatedly extended it.
    (AP, 12/30/05)
2005        Dec 29, Three U.S. oil companies said they will end a 19-year absence in Libya and pay $1.83 billion to resume oil production.
    (AP, 12/29/05)
2005        Dec 29, Seven policemen in the southern Mexican state of Chiapas were detained on suspicion of stealing relief packages intended for hurricane victims.
    (AP, 12/29/05)
2005        Dec 29, Authorities said Mohammed Marwa, a former official in Nigeria's junta, has been detained as part of a corruption probe in what was the first arrest and questioning of a top official in the former ruling military regime.
    (AP, 12/29/05)
2005        Dec 29, A Palestinian suicide bomber trying to enter Israel blew himself at a military checkpoint set up to foil attackers, killing an Israeli soldier and two other Palestinians.
    (AP, 12/29/05)
2005        Dec 29, Peru's Congress ratified a law to create a Supreme Court judicial panel dominated by retired armed forces generals to oversee the military's justice system, a move human rights advocates say will hurt efforts to prosecute military human rights abuses.
    (AP, 12/30/05)
2005        Dec 29, Peruvian human rights groups detailed at least 46 cases this year of threats and intimidation targeting investigators and witnesses pursuing human rights abuses allegedly committed by the military during the height of the Shining Path insurgency.
    (AP, 12/29/05)
2005        Dec 29, Philippine media reported that 2 US Marines, who were accused of raping a Filipina woman, have been allowed to leave the Philippines after prosecutors decided not to file charges against them.
    (AFP, 12/29/05)
2005        Dec 29, A fire in Manila’s shantytown of Tondo, Philippines, left nearly 3,000 families without homes.
    (SFC, 12/31/05, p.A12)
2005        Dec 29, Russia bought up gas supplies from Turkmenistan to prevent Ukraine from getting them. Russia was demanding a quadruple increase in gas prices.
    (WSJ, 12/30/05, p.A1)
2005        Dec 29, A fire broke out in a home for the mentally ill outside Moscow, killing seven people and injuring 12.
    (AP, 12/29/05)
2005        Dec 29, South Korea's top university said that Hwang Woo-suk fabricated all of the stem cells he said were cloned from individual patients, a shattering blow to the disgraced scientist's reputation as a medical pioneer.
    (AP, 12/29/05)
2005        Dec 29, Switzerland's top court ordered the extradition of Yevgeny Adamov, Russia's former nuclear minister, to his homeland instead of the US, where he's been indicted for allegedly diverting $9 million in US aid money to his businesses. The Swiss court made its ruling Dec. 22 but it was made public Dec 29.
    (AP, 12/30/05)
2005        Dec 29, Syria’s former Vice President Abdul-Halim Khaddam said in a television interview from Paris that Syrian President Bashar Assad threatened former Lebanese Prime Minister Rafik Hariri months before Hariri was assassinated in a truck bombing.
    (AP, 1/1/06)
2005        Dec 29, Venezuela’s central bank approved using the euro to service demand from foreign companies and to diversify dealings from the dollar.
    (WSJ, 12/30/05, p.A10)

2005        Dec 30, President Bush, unhappy with Congress for not permanently extending the U.S.A. Patriot Act, signed a bill renewing the anti-terrorism law for a few weeks.
    (AP, 12/30/06)
2005        Dec 30, It was revealed the Justice Department had opened an investigation into the leak of classified information about President Bush's secret domestic spying program.
    (AP, 12/30/06)
2005        Dec 30, The US FDA said contaminated dog food, sold in 23 states by Diamond Pet Foods, killed nearly two dozen dogs and sickened 18 more.
    (AP, 12/30/05)
2005        Dec 30, US stock markets finished the year flat with the DJIA down 49.48 for the year, closing at 10717.50.
    (WSJ, 12/31/05, p.A1)
2005        Dec 30, In Florida 87 Cubans reached shore in a series of landings that made police suspect smugglers.
    (WSJ, 12/31/05, p.A1)
2005        Dec 30, A bankruptcy judge ruled that an Oregon archdiocese cannot shield parish assets to settle compensation cases of sex-abuse victims.
    (WSJ, 12/31/05, p.A1)
2005        Dec 30, Tory Dent (b.1958), American poet, died at age 47 of the AIDS-associated infection PML. In 2006 her sheep meadow Press published “Black Milk,"
    (SSFC, 2/26/06, p.M4)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tory_Dent)
2005        Dec 30, Rona Jaffe (74), American writer, died in London. Her 1958 novel “The Best of Everything" was made into a 1959 film starring Hope Lange and Joan Crawford. It was directed by Jean Negulesco.
    (SSFC, 1/1/06 p.B6)
2005        Dec 30, Tropical Storm Zeta formed in the eastern Atlantic Ocean; it was the 27th storm of a record-breaking hurricane season.
    (AP, 12/30/06)
2005        Dec 30, In Argentina Pepe Eliaschev, radio broadcaster and government critic, was informed that management had ordered his show to be dropped.
    (Econ, 1/14/06, p.44)
2005        Dec 30, Across southeast Australia firefighters battled to contain scores of wildfires in scorching, tinder-dry conditions and were bracing for more blazes in the days ahead.
    (AP, 12/30/05)
2005        Dec 30, In Chile former dictator Gen. Augusto Pinochet was stripped of his legal immunity to face charges of diverting public funds to personal bank accounts.
    (AP, 12/31/05)
2005        Dec 30, State media said Chinese police have closed 598 Web sites in a crackdown on pornography, but online gambling and fraud are growing.
    (AP, 12/30/05)
2005        Dec 30, Egyptian police turned water cannons on Sudanese war refugees and beat them with sticks, clearing out a squatters camp in a city park. At least 10 people were killed.
    (AP, 12/30/05)
2005        Dec 30, Europe's second snowstorm this week piled drifts on tracks and roads, slowing rail service, stranding motorists and causing hundreds of traffic accidents. At least four deaths were attributed to a week of icy weather.
    (AP, 12/30/05)
2005        Dec 30, It was reported that more than 150,000 Germans packed their bags and left in 2004 due to unemployment, the greatest exodus in any single year since the late 1940s.
    (Reuters, 12/30/05)
2005        Dec 30, In Germany the US Air Force handed over the keys to Rhein-Main Air Base to the operator of Frankfurt International Airport in a final act of closure for the base, which for 60 years hosted American forces.
    (AP, 12/30/05)
2005        Dec 30, Long lines formed at gas stations in Baghdad as word spread that Iraq's largest oil refinery had shut down in the face of threats against truck drivers, and fears grew of a gas shortage. A suicide car bomber and a mortar killed six people and injured 23 people in separate attacks in Baghdad.
    (AP, 12/30/05)
2005        Dec 30, Two Indian soldiers were killed when they stepped on a land mine near the heavily fortified frontier that divides Kashmir between longtime rivals India and Pakistan.
    (AP, 12/30/05)
2005        Dec 30, In northwestern Pakistan an avalanche killed at least 25 people who were digging for gemstones.
    (AP, 12/30/05)
2005        Dec 30, Palestinian policemen angry over the killing of a fellow officer stormed the Gaza-Egypt border crossing, firing in the air and forcing European monitors to flee and close the terminal for several hours.
    (AP, 12/30/05)
2005        Dec 30, In Sierra Leone the last soldiers, in what was once the United Nations' biggest peacekeeping force, packed up old refrigerators and fax machines, striking camp after six years helping end the civil war there.
    (AP, 12/30/05)
2005        Dec 30, Sudan said it will close its embassy in Baghdad in an effort to win the release of six kidnapped employees. Al-Qaida in Iraq threatened to kill the captives if the diplomatic mission remained.
    (AP, 12/30/05)
2005        Dec 30, Sudanese security forces jailed without charge Zuheir Sirraj, a columnist for the al-Sahafa daily paper. He was accused of slandering President Omar Hassan al-Bashir in a move some parliamentarians called unconstitutional.
    (Reuters, 12/31/05)

2005        Dec 31, Dick Clark, in his first television appearance since his stroke in 2004, helped to ring in the new year in Times Square.
    (AP, 12/31/06)
2005        Dec 31, Lee Raymond, CEO of Exxon Mobil, retired. It was later revealed that he received $144,573 for each day he spent as chief from 1993 thru 2005.
    (SFC, 4/15/06, p.C1)(www.exxposeexxon.com/newsroom/)
2005        Dec 31, A powerful storm plowed through Northern California, causing mudslides and widespread flooding and snarling holiday traffic from Sonoma to Monterey.
    (AP, 12/31/05)
2005        Dec 31, British subway workers in London walked out in a 24-hour strike timed to cripple the subway system on a night when tens of thousands of revelers were planning to celebrate New Year in the city.
    (AP, 12/31/05)
2005        Dec 31, A first group of UN peacekeepers from Mozambique left Burundi as part of a phased withdrawal of troops that will end in December next year.
    (AFP, 12/31/05)
2005        Dec 31, In Cambodia police arrested two leading human rights activists on defamation charges as the UN human rights body expressed "extreme concern" over the move.
    (AFP, 12/31/05)
2005        Dec 31, In Egypt President Hosni Mubarak swore in a new Cabinet that retained major personalities of the previous government, while adding two more pro-American business figures and installing Egypt's first minister to wear a headscarf. The government of PM Ahmed Nazif included Aisha Abdul Hadi, appointed as labor and immigration minister.
    (AP, 12/31/06)
2005        Dec 31, In Egypt several Sudanese migrants injured when police violently cleared a ramshackle camp died later from their wounds, raising the death toll from the clash to 25. Sudanese refugees began trickling across the border to Israel following the clashes.
    (AP, 12/31/05)(Econ, 8/25/07, p.45)
2005        Dec 31, In Palu, Indonesia, a bomb packed with ball bearings and nails ripped through a meat market crowded with holiday shoppers, killing at least eight people and wounding 45.
    (AP, 12/31/05)
2005        Dec 31, A bomb in Khalis killed 5 members of the Iraqi Islamic Party. Gunmen raided a house south of Baghdad, killing five Sunni family members, and a roadside bomb in the capital killed two policemen. The wave of violence claimed at least 20 lives.
    (AP, 12/31/05)(SSFC, 1/1/06, p.A3)
2005        Dec 31, Al-Qaida in Iraq released 6 kidnapped employees of Sudan's embassy following the Sudanese government's pledge to close its embassy in Baghdad.
    (Reuters, 1/1/06)
2005        Dec 31, Guillermo Martinez (18) died in a Tijuana hospital one day after he was shot by a US Border Patrol agent near a metal wall separating that city from San Diego. On Jan 2 Mexico opened an investigation into the killing saying he was shot while sneaking into California, using the death to draw attention to a contentious US anti-immigration measure.
    (AP, 1/3/06)
2005        Dec 31, Dozens of Palestinian gunmen stormed several government offices in Gaza City and briefly took the Interior Ministry to demand jobs.
    (AP, 12/31/05)
2005        Dec 31, A British aid worker and her parents were whisked out of Gaza after being released by Palestinian gunmen who had abducted them two days earlier.
    (AP, 12/31/05)
2005        Dec 31, El Salvador's 22 penitentiaries, designed to house 7,370 inmates, were packed with more than 12,500 prisoners.
    (AP, 2/2/06)
2005         Dec 31, In Iraq inflation for the year ran at 15%. The official unemployment was 10%, but some believed that it could be more than 20%. The population was around 70 million.
    (WSJ, 6/22/06, p.A12)
2005        Dec 31, Two Palestinians were killed in Israel's first deadly airstrike in a Gaza border area it recently put off-limits, just as a truce that has drastically reduced violence between the two sides formally ended.
    (AP, 1/1/06)
2005        Dec 31, Philippine President Gloria Arroyo announced Indonesia's Lippo Group with local partners is investing some three billion pesos (56.5 million dollars) in a Philippine bank.
    (AP, 12/31/05)
2005        Dec 31, President Vladimir Putin ordered Russia's state-owned natural gas monopoly to supply Ukraine with natural gas at the current price for three months, if the government in Kiev immediately agreed to a big price hike to take effect later.
    (AP, 12/31/05)
2005        Dec 31, Moscow jailed Yevgeny Adamov, Russia's former nuclear minister, on fraud charges after a Swiss court decided to extradite him to Russia instead of the US.
    (WSJ, 1/3/06, p.A1)
2005        Dec 31, In Slovakia 7 tourists from the Czech Republic died in avalanches in the Tatra mountains. A day earlier a German was killed by an avalanche in the Swiss Alps.
    (AFP, 12/31/05)
2005        Dec 31, In Sri Lanka police and soldiers cordoned off five districts in Colombo and detained more than 900 people during door-to-door searches to track down Tamil Tiger rebels.
    (AP, 12/31/05)
2005        Dec 31, Syria's ruling Baath Party stripped former Vice President Abdul-Halim Khaddam of membership and joined parliament in demanding his trial on a charge of high treason. The French Foreign Ministry confirmed Khaddam has been in France for several months but declined to give any details on his whereabouts.
    (AP, 1/1/06)
2005        Dec 31, Yemeni kidnappers released a former German diplomat and his four family members.
    (AP, 12/31/05)

2005        Dec, US Teamster Pres. James Hoffa sent a letter to Iran’s Pres. Ahmadinejad demanding the release of 14 union workers unjustly detained and beaten.
    (SSFC, 8/19/07, p.E3)
2005        Dec, A private equity group bought out Dunkin’ Brands (Dunkin’ Donuts) for $2.43 billion. The group planned to remake the chain’s nearly 5,000 stores over the next 3 years.
    (WSJ, 4/8/06, p.A1)
2005        Dec, A paper in Nature Physics by Eran Shir and colleagues of Tel-Aviv Univ. outlined a plan to thwart computers viruses by using a computer program vaccine, wherein the spread of the vaccine would overtake the spread of the virus.
    (Econ, 12/10/05, p.91)
2005        Dec, The government of Afghanistan suspended the so-called “assassination clause," a decree that said MPs who die in office should be replaced by the candidate who came in 2nd on the original ballot.
    (Econ, 1/7/06, p.39)
2005        Dec, The IMF decided to write off Cambodia’s $82 million debt.
    (Econ, 2/24/07, p.52)(http://tinyurl.com/yvqvuh)
2005        Dec, Chechen members of the pro-Kremlin United Russia party that dominates the region's recently elected parliament voted to make Ramzan Kadyrov (29) its regional head despite observers questioning his democratic credentials.
    (Reuters, 12/21/05)
2005        Dec, Germany’s former chancellor Gerhard Schroeder accepted a job chairing the consortium of a new pipeline for Russian gas to western Europe under the Baltic Sea.
    (Econ, 12/17/05, p.49)
2005        Dec, In India phase one of New Delhi’s 3-stage metro project was completed with the opening of a 3rd line. Under director Elattuvalapil Sreedharan (73) it was on budget and nearly 3 years ahead of schedule.
    (Econ, 2/18/06, p.64)
2005        Dec, In Italy Daniela Santanche of the right-win National Alliance succeeded in putting a new porn tax into the 2006 budget.
    (Econ, 12/24/05, p.72)
2005        Dec, Respublika, a leading Lithuanian tabloid, published attacks on George Soros and painted him as a malevolent outside meddler in Lithuania’s affairs. The local Soros foundation, run by locals, had already spent some $65 million on new school textbooks, translations and other projects that included work on drug addiction and AIDS.
    (Econ, 12/10/05, p.58)
2005        Dec, Mexico’s attorney general’s office released a report that said 1,493 of 7,000 federal agents had been investigated for possible wrongdoing and that 457 had been indicted.
    (SFC, 12/28/05, p.A9)
2005        Dec, In Mexico Lydia Cacho, a journalist who wrote a book about pedophilia in Cancun, was arrested and charged with libel. Titled "The Demons of Eden," the book linked Jean Succar Kuri to a prominent businessman in the central state of Puebla. Cacho was freed on bail and Kuri was extradited from the US in 2006 to face charges in Mexico.
    (AP, 7/16/06)
2005        Dec, In Mozambique Jose Pacheco under President Armando Guebuza, told reporters that an audit of the ministry had revealed an 8.8 million US dollar deficit that could not be accounted for. Pacheco had just succeeded Almerino Manhenje as the interior minister.
    (AFP, 9/23/08)
2005        Dec, In Thailand Steward Keith McLeod of Australia beat his Canadian wife, Barbara Lynn (61), to death with a hammer and dumped her battered body in bushes along a residential street in Bangkok. In 2006 McLeod (45) was sentenced to 34 years in prison.
    (AP, 12/28/06)
2005        Dec, In Vietnam wildcat strikes swept through the industrial zones surrounding Ho chi Minh City. Tens of thousands of workers joined protests over wages and conditions.
    (Econ, 1/28/06, p.42)

2005        Daron Acemoglu and James A. Robinson authored “Economic Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy."
    (Econ, 11/26/05, p.96)

2005        Said Hyder Akbar and Susan Burton authored “Come Back to Afghanistan: A California Teenager’s Story."
    (SSFC, 11/13/05, p.M1)

2005        Akhil Reed Amar, Yale professor, authored “America’s Constitution: A Biography," a guide to the goals and meanings of the 1787 document and its 27 amendments.
    (Econ, 9/10/05, p.80)

2005        Nancy Andreasen authored “The Creating Brain," an effort to understand human creative genius.
    (WSJ, 12/30/05, p.W6)

2005        William Ash (1917-2014), American pilot during WWII, authored “Under the Wire: The World War II Adventures of Legendary Escape Artist and Cooler King." The book was written with the help of Brendan Foley.
    (SFC, 5/12/14, p.C4)(Econ, 5/10/14, p.94)

2005        Julian Baggini authored “What’s It All About: Philosophy and the Meaning of Life."
    (WSJ, 11/3/05, p.D8)

2005        Philip Ball won the 2005 Aventis Prize for science books for his “Critical Mass: How One Thing Leads to Another."
    (Econ, 5/21/05, p.88)

2005        John Barrow, cosmologist, authored “The Infinite Book," a look at the mathematical concept of infinity.
    (WSJ, 7/29/05, p.B1)

2005        John Batelle authored “The Search: How Google and its Rivals Rewrote the Rules of Business and Transformed Our Culture."
    (Econ, 9/17/05, p.86)

2005        Kate O’Beirne authored “Women Who Make the World Worse."
    (WSJ, 1/12/06, p.D8)

2005        Harm de Blij authored “Why Geography Matters: Three Challenges Facing America: Climate Change, The Rise of China and Global Terrorism."
    (SSFC, 8/21/05, p.F3)

2005        Harold Bloom authored “Jesus and Yahweh," a textual criticism and personal exploration of the 2 primary characters in Western religion.
    (SSFC, 11/6/05, p.M2)

2005        John Cornwell authored “The Pope in Winter: The Dark Face of John Paul II's Papacy."
    (www.amazon.co.uk/Pope-Winter-Dark-Face-Papacy/dp/0141020717)

2005        Adam Jacot de Boinod authored “The Meaning of Tingo and Other Extraordinary Words from Around the World."
    (Econ, 9/24/05, p.100)

2005        US Supreme Court Justice Stephen Breyer authored “Active Liberty," a view of his philosophy in deciding cases.
    (WSJ, 8/23/05, p.B1)

2005        Jean-Charles Brisard in collaboration with Damien Martinez authored “Zarqawi: The New Face of Al-Qaeda," the 1st biography of Abu Musab al-Zarqawi (b.1967), a Jordanian-born terrorist.
    (SSFC, 7/31/05, p.F3)

2005        Ethan Brown authored “Queens Reigns Supreme: Rise of the Hip Hop Hustler," an account of rap music’s development and its roots in NYC’s drug vending gangs.
    (WSJ, 11/18/05, p.W4)

2005        Former Pres. Jimmy Carter authored “Our Endangered Values," a meditation about the appropriate use of moral values in political life.
    (WSJ, 11/2/05, p.D12)

2005        Edward Castronova authored “Synthetic Worlds: The Business and Culture of Online Games."
    (Econ, 12/17/05, p.81)

2005        William Cline of the Institute for Int’l. Economics authored “The United States as a Debtor Nation."
    (Econ, 1/21/06, p.74)

2005        Tim Clissold authored “Mr. China," an account of how Chinese partners cheated Asimco out of millions. In 2008 Jack Perkowski, who ran Asimco for 13 years, authored “Managing the Dragon: How I'm Building a Billion-Dollar Business in China."
    (Econ, 1/26/08, p.80)

2005        Greg Critser authored “Generation Rx: How Prescription Drugs Are Altering American Lives, Minds and Bodies."
    (SSFC, 10/9/05, p.F1)

2005        Faisal Devji, historian at the new School for Social Research in New York, authored “Landscapes of the Jihad: Militancy, Morality, Modernity."
    (Econ, 11/12/05, p.88)

2005        Ken Emerson authored “Always Magic in the Air," an account of the major writers of rock and roll from the 1950s and 1960s.
    (WSJ, 10/21/05, p.W6)

2005        Gerald Eskenazi authored “I Hid It Under the Sheets: Growing Up With Radio." He covered the US radio scene from the 1940s and 1950s.
    (WSJ, 12/17/05, p.P13)

2005        Khaled Abou El Fadl, UCLA law professor, authored “The Great Theft: Wrestling Islam From the Extremists."
    (SSFC, 12/4/05, p.M1)

2005        Robert Fisk authored “The Great War for Civilization: The Conquest of the Middle East," in which he presents a record of his reporting from Afghanistan, Algeria, Lebanon, Iraq, Iran and other places back to 1976.
    (Econ, 10/15/05, p.90)

2005        Steve Forbes authored “Flat Tax Revolution."
    (WSJ, 9/1/05, p.D10)

2005        William L. Fox authored “In the Desert of Desire," a wandering meditation on Las Vegas.
    (WSJ, 11/25/05, p.W3)

2005        John Hope Franklin (b.1915), African-American historian, completed his autobiography: “Mirror to America."
    (SSFC, 11/13/05, p.M6)

2005        Benjamin Friedman, professor of economics at Harvard, authored “The Moral Consequences of Economic Growth."
    (Econ, 11/12/05, p.87)

2005        Thomas Friedman, American journalist, authored “The World Is Flat." It described an India of buzzing entrepreneurs and startups.
    (Econ, 10/22/11, SR p.4)

2005        Michael Fry authored “Wild Scots: Four Hundred Years of Highland History."
    (Econ, 9/3/05, p.74)

2005        Kristoffer A. Garin authored “Devils on the Deep Blue Sea: The Dreams, Schemes and Showdowns That Built America’s Cruise-Ship Empires."
    (SSFC, 8/7/05, p.C5)

2005        Ben C. Gerwick Jr. (1919-2006), civil engineer and UC Berkeley professor, authored “The Bridge Beyond," a novelistic autobiography of a career in engineering.
    (SFC, 12/30/06, p.B6)

2005        George Gilder authored “The Silicon Eye: How a Silicon Valley Company Aims to Make All Current Computers, Cameras, and Cell Phones Obsolete." It was a history of the Foveon imaging chip, which began development under Carver mead and his associates in the 1980s with neural networks.
    (WSJ, 5/3/05, p.D8)

2005        Daniel Goldmark authored “Tunes for Tunes: Music and the Hollywood Cartoon," the 1st book-length study of the use of music in classic Hollywood animation.
    (WSJ, 9/30/05, p.W6)

2005        Doris Kearns Goodwin authored “Team of Rivals: The Political Genius of Abraham Lincoln." It inspired the 2012 film “Lincoln."
    (Econ, 12/1/12, p.75)

2005        Lewis Gould authored “The Most Exclusive Club: A History of the Modern United States Senate."
    (Econ, 12/20/08, p.56)

2005        Walter Gratzer authored “Terrors of the Table," a history of nutrition.
    (WSJ, 11/10/05, p.D7)

2005        Joel Greenblatt (47), former hedge-fund manager, authored “The Little Book That Beats the Market."
    (WSJ, 11/9/05, p.C1)

2005        Mary Habeck authored “Knowing the Enemy: Jihadist Ideology and the War on Terror."
    (WSJ, 12/27/05, p.D8)

2005        Gary Hufbauer and Paul Grieco authored “Reforming the US Corporate Tax."
    (Econ, 2/22/14, SR p.6)

2005        Husain Haqqani authored “Pakistan," an examination of the symbiotic relations between the ruling military government and the country’s mosques.
    (WSJ, 7/28/05, p.D8)

2005        Tim Harford authored “The Undercover Economist: Exposing Why the Rich Are Rich, the Poor Are Poor--and Why You Can Never Buy a Decent Used Car."
    (WSJ, 11/16/05, p.D14)

2005        David R. Henderson authored “Making Great Decisions in Business and Life."
    (WSJ, 11/30/05, p.D12)

2005        Devesh Kapur and John McHale authored “Give Us Your Best and Brightest," a look at the departure of talented people from poor countries.
    (Econ, 11/5/05, p.86)

2005        Michael Kimmelman, NY Times chief art critic, authored “The Accidental Masterpiece: On the Art of Life and Vice Versa."
    (SSFC, 8/21/05, p.F1)

2005        Charles Kindleberger authored “Manias, Panics and Crashes."
    (www.amazon.com/Manias-Panics-Crashes-Financial-Investment/dp/0471467146)

2005        Kathie Klarreich authored “Madame Dread." Her first-person tale of love, voodoo and civil strife in Haiti covered her years in Haiti under the rule of Pres. Aristide.
    (WSJ, 10/28/05, p.W6)

2005        Charles “Chuck" Knight authored “Performance Without Compromise." Knight had led Emerson Corp. from 1957-2000.
    (Econ, 1/21/06, Survey p.5)

2005        Lord Richard Layard authored “Happiness: Lessons from a New Science."
    (WSJ, 1/26/05, p.D11)

2005        Steven Levitt, economics professor at the Univ. of Chicago, and Stephen Dubner authored “Freakonomics: A Rogue Economist Explores the Hidden Side of Everything."
    (Econ, 1/19/08, p.86)(Econ, 8/15/09, p.68)

2005        Marina Lewycka (b.1946), a British writer of Ukrainian origin, authored “A Short History of Tractors in Ukrainian." The novel was hailed as one of the funniest of the year.
    (Econ, 4/21/07, p.95)

2005        Dick Martin authored “Tough Calls," an account of the missteps that led to the takeover of AT&T.
    (WSJ, 2/10/05, p.D10)

2005        Allan Massie authored “The Thistle and the Rose: Six Centuries of Love and Hate Between the Scots and the English."
    (Econ, 9/3/05, p.74)

2005        James McGregor authored “One Billion Customers: Lessons from the Front Lines of Doing Business in China ."
    (http://tinyurl.com/l5uou3h)

2005        Suketu Mehta authored “Maximum City: Bombay Lost and Found," a documentary of life in Mumbai, India.
    (Econ, 4/9/05, p.71)

2005        Pascal Menoret authored “The Saudi Enigma: A History."
    (Econ, 11/19/05, p.87)

2005        Martin Meredith authored “The Fate of Africa - From the Hopes of Freedom to the Heart of Despair: A History of 50 Years of Independence. He said Africa is a bloody mess, its leaders are to blame, and no amount of aid from the West will solve that. "Most African states have become hollowed out. They are no longer instruments capable of serving the public good."
    (SSFC, 7/31/05, p.F5)(Reuters, 8/27/05)

2005        Robert W. Merry authored “Sands of Empire: Missionary Zeal, American Foreign Policy, and the Hazards of Global Ambition," a critique of George Bush’s foreign policy.
    (SSFC, 6/26/05, p.C2)

2005        Stephenie Meyer (b.1973), American novelist, authored the first of her vampire romance series “Twilight." By 2009 the series consisted of 4 books, of which two were made into movies.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stephenie_Meyer)

2005        Midori, a San Francisco sex educator, authored “Wild Side Sex: The Book of Kink Educational, Sensual, And Entertaining Essays."
    (SSFC, 2/10/08, p.F3)

2005         Arthur I. Miller authored “Empire of the Stars" a chronicle of the search for proof of black holes.
    (WSJ, 6/30/05, p.D8)

2005        Veronica Monet, former San Francisco based escort, authored “Sex Secrets of Escorts: Tips From a Pro."
    (SFC, 11/23/05, p.E1)

2005        Kevin Mullen authored “Dangerous Strangers: Minority Newcomers and Criminal Violence in the Urban West, 1850-2000."
    (http://bookzz.org/book/945804/2c5419)

2005        George Packer authored “The Assassins’ Gate: America in Iraq."
    (SSFC, 11/6/05, p.M1)

2005        Alan Palmer authored “A History of the Baltic Sea and its Peoples."
    (Econ, 7/16/05, p.81)

2005        Orhan Pamuk authored “Istanbul," a personal memoir and cultural history of the city.
    (Econ, 4/9/05, p.71)

2005        Tim Parks, British novelist, authored “Medici Money: Banking, Metaphysics, and Art in Fifteenth-Century Florence."
    (Econ, 12/17/11, p.148)

2005        Pamela Paul authored “Pornified: How Pornography Is Transforming Our Lives, Our Relationships and Our Families."
    (SSFC, 9/25/05, F1)

2005        Jaroslav Pelican authored “Whose Bible Is It," a survey of biblical scholarship.
    (WSJ, 3/2/05)

2005        Jed Perl authored “New Art City: Manhattan at Mid-Century."
    (SSFC, 11/6/05, p.M1)

2005        Thomas Pinney authored “A History of Wine in America: From Prohibition to the Present."
    (Econ, 9/10/05, p.79)

2005        Donald A. Ritchie authored “Reporting from Washington: The History of the Washington Press Corp."
    (WSJ, 4/12/05, p.D8)

2005        Scott Ritter, Unscom weapons inspector, authored “Iraq Confidential: The Untold Story of the Intelligence Conspiracy to Undermine the UN and Overthrow Saddam Hussein."
    (Econ, 10/22/05, p.87)

2005        Charles Rossotti, former IRS commissioner (1997-2002), authored “Many Unhappy Returns: One Man’s Quest to Turn Around The Most Unpopular Organization in America," wherein he says that the IRS “picks on the little guy" while “largely overlooking an ocean of money hidden in business entities…"
    (SSFC, 4/10/05, p.C6)

2005        Rudy Rucker authored “The Lifebox, the Seashell and the Soul: What Gnarly Computation Taught Me About Ultimate Reality, the Meaning of Life and How to Be Happy.
    (SSFC, 11/13/05, p.M3)

2005        Sharman Apt Russell authored “Hunger: An Unnatural History."
    (SSFC, 9/25/05, F3)

2005        Eric Saar and Viveca Novak authored “Inside the Wire: A Military Intelligence Soldier’s Eyewitness Account of Life at Guantanamo."
    (Econ, 6/11/05, p.80)

2005        Howard M. Sachar authored “A History of Jews in the Modern World." His study begins in the 18th century.
    (Econ, 8/20/05, p.64)

2005        Jeffrey D. Sachs authored “The End of Poverty," an centralized economic plan to eliminate poverty around the world.
    (WSJ, 3/23/05, p.D8)

2005        Leigh Eric Schmidt authored “Restless Souls: The Making of American Spirituality from Emerson to Oprah."
    (WSJ, 11/15/05, p.D7)

2005        Trav S.D. authored “No Applause, Just Throw Money," a history of vaudeville.
    (WSJ, 11/11/05, p.W5)

2005        Amartya Sen, 1998 Nobel Prize winner in economics, authored "The Argumentative Indian: Writings on Indian History, Culture and Identity."
    (Econ, 6/18/05, p.80)

2005        Anthony Shadid, an Arab speaking American journalist, authored “Night Draws Near: Iraq’s People in the Shadow of America’s War," an inside account of the US war in Iraq.
    (Econ, 9/3/05, p.73)

2005        P.W. Singer authored “Children at War," a detailed analysis of the use of child soldiers around the world, including Liberia and Sierra Leone.
    (SSFC, 1/30/05, p.C3)

2005        David Skeel authored “Icarus In the Boardroom," a look at corporate excessive risk-taking.
    (WSJ, 3/15/05, p.D8)

2005        Dava Sobel authored “The Planets," a tour of the local solar system.
    (WSJ, 10/28/05, p.W6)

2005        Bob Spitz authored “The Beatles: The Biography."
    (SFC, 11/25/05, p.E1)

2005        Steve Squyres authored “Roving Mars: Spirit, Opportunity and the Exploration of the Red Planet.
    (SSFC, 8/7/05, p.C1)

2005        Rodney Stark authored “The Victory of Reason: How Christianity Led to Freedom, Capitalism, and Western Success."
    (SSFC, 12/25/05, p.M1)

2005        James B. Stewart authored “Disney War," a look at Disney over the last decade.
    (WSJ, 2/10/05, p.B1)

2005        Neil Strauss authored “The Game: Penetrating the Secret Society of Pickup Artists."
    (Econ, 10/8/05, p.92)

2005        Admiral Stansfield Turner, former CIA chief (1977-1980) authored “Burn Before Reading," an examination of how American presidents have interacted with their intelligence chiefs.
    (WSJ, 10/11/05, p.D8)

2005        Kerwin C. Swint authored “Mudslingers: The Top 25 Negative Political Campaigns of All Time."
    (WSJ, 2/16/06, p.D7)

2005        Eric J. Weiner authored “What Goes Up," an survey of the past 80 years on Wall Street.
    (WSJ, 10/5/05, p.D14)

2005        Sean Wilentz, Princeton historian, authored “The Rise of American Democracy."
    (WSJ, 10/13/05, p.D8)

2005        Chris Willman authored “Rednecks and Bluenecks: The Politics of Country Music."
    (Econ, 12/23/06, p.45)

2005        The President’s Malaria Initiative was founded under George Bush as a five-year, $1.2 billion expansion of US Government resources to reduce the intolerable burden of malaria and help relieve poverty on the African continent.
    (Econ, 7/14/12, p.42)(http://www.pmi.gov/about/index.html)

2005        The US federal government handed out over $25 billion in farm aid. The current direct and countercyclical payments program was an expansion of a 1996 farm law that provided dash payments to farmers as a way of weaning them off subsidies.
    (SSFC, 7/2/06, p.A3)

2005        The US State Dept. began a program called Rhythm Road, which sent musicians to foreign countries as a form of cultural diplomacy.
    (Econ, 4/18/09, p.32)

2005        The US SEC filed civil fraud charges against Ricardo Salinas Pliego and 2 other top executives at TV Azteca for allegedly failing to disclose their involvement in Unefon under a provision of the 2002 Sarbanes-Oxley law. Salinas pulled his companies from the NYSE.
    (WSJ, 12/8/05, p.A11)

2005        The US CIA destroyed at least 2 videotapes documenting the interrogation of 2 al-Qaida operatives, including Abu Zubaydah, dating back to 2002. CIA lawyers had told federal prosecutors in 2003 and 2005 that the CIA did not possess recordings of interrogations. The tapes were destroyed at the order of Jose Rodriquez Jr., head of the CIA’s clandestine service. In 2010 it was made public that Porter J. Goss, director of the CIA at the time, approved the Rodriguez decision shortly after the tapes were destroyed.
    (SFC, 12/7/07, p.A6)(SFC, 4/16/10, p.A12)

2005        US rules on Chapter 7 bankruptcy were toughened to shift people to a Chapter 13 bankruptcy, where they would have to repay some of their debt.
    (Econ., 3/14/15, p.33)

2005        The US trade deficit soared to an all-time high of $725.8 billion in 2005, pushed upward by record imports of oil, food, cars and other consumer goods. The deficit with China hit an all-time high as did America's deficits with Japan, Europe, OPEC, Canada, Mexico and South and Central America.
    (AP, 2/10/06)

2005        Marshall N. Carter became chairman of the NYSE. He ran the exchange to 2007.
    (WSJ, 4/14/07, p.A6)

2005        America exported $18.6 billion worth of military arms including fighter planes, attack helicopters, tanks and battleships.
    (SSFC, 8/6/06, p.E5)

2005        In San Francisco MUNI began a new transit fare program called MUNI Lifeline, a 50% discounted monthly pass for low income customers.
    (SSFC, 3/1/15, p.A8)
2005        California first lady Maria Shriver conceived of a California state Hall of Fame. Since 2006, the museum has hosted an annual ceremony to induct roughly a dozen individuals per year into the California Hall of Fame.
    (SFC, 12/2/09, p.C6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/California_Hall_of_Fame)
2005        In southern California a gang alliance between Public Enemy and the Aryan Brotherhood was cemented in when Donald Reed "Popeye" Mazza, an alleged leader of Public Enemy, was inducted into the Aryan Brotherhood. In 2007 police agencies in Orange County arrested 67 suspected members after learning about the hit list against officers in Anaheim, Buena Park and Costa Mesa. Those arrested in the raid were charged with conspiracy to commit murder, possession of illegal weapons and identity theft, among other things.
    (AP, 3/5/07)
2005        The Russian River Brewing Co, of Santa Rosa, Ca., introduced its Pliny the Younger  beer in a limited release. In 2010 the triple-hopped India pale ale was ranked No. 1 by Beer Advocate users. 
    (SFC, 2/7/15, p.C1)
2005        California this year was the world’s 12th biggest producer of greenhouse gases. The state’s 36 million cars contributed to the pollution.
    (Econ, 8/19/06, p.30)
2005        The insect myoporum thrips, a native to eastern Australia, was first detected in the US in Orange County, Ca.
    (SSFC, 5/9/10, p.L3)

2005        Indiana passed legislation requiring voters to provide a government issued photo ID. In 2008 the US Supreme Court upheld the law.
    (Econ, 5/3/08, p.40)

2005        Jammie Thomas-Rasset, a single mother from Minnesota, was accused of sharing 24 songs using KaZaA, an Internet file sharing program. In 2007 a jury ruled against her and awarded record companies almost $10,000 per song in statutory damages. She was found guilty again in a 2nd trial in 2009 in which the jury awarded damages of $80,000 per song.
    (Econ, 9/5/09, TQ p.4)

2005        US Army solldier Lavena Johnson (19) of Missouri was apparently raped and murdered while on duty in Iraq. A DOD report said she had killed herself.
    (Econ, 10/19/13, p.35)

2005        Montana’s Gov. Brian Schweitzer signed into law a renewable energy standard that required 15% of electricity sold in Montana to be renewable by 2015.
    (Econ, 6/23/07, p.36)

2005        Nebraska gave all its ex-prisoners the right to vote.
    (Econ, 7/25/05, p.23)

2005        The Fugitive Safe Surrender program began in Cleveland, Ohio. It allowed fugitives accused of nonviolent crimes to safely surrender at churches. The program went nationwide until 2011, when funding for it was dropped by the US Marshals Service.
    (SFC, 3/7/11, p.A6)(http://tinyurl.com/4cllt7m)

2005        US Rep. Alan Mollohan, D-W.Va., partnered with the head of a small defense contractor to purchase a 300-acre farm on the Cheat River in West Virginia. The contractor had won a $2.1 million contract from funds that the congressman had added to a 2005 spending bill.
    (WSJ, 4/25/06, p.A1)

2005        A circuit judge ruled that South Carolina had no obligation to repair tumbledown facilities or raise teacher’s pay. In 2006 the film “Corridor of Shame" was used in a campaign to make public the dilapidated conditions of South Carolina’s rural schools.
    (Econ, 6/10/06, p.28)

2005        Bayou Hedge Fund, founded by Simon Israel III in 1996, failed. Israel and CFO Daniel Marino pleaded guilty to multiple charges including conspiracy and fraud.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bayou_Hedge_Fund_Group)

2005        Disney launched a free online game called Virtual Magic Kingdom in conjunction with its 50th anniversary. It became very popular and in 2008 fans protested plans to shut the site down.
    (WSJ, 5/20/08, p.B1)
2005        The video game “Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas" put the player in the role of a street gangster. The game became controversial after sex scenes were activated from downloaded Internet patches.
    (Econ, 8/6/05, p.53)
2005        Etsy, a website dedicated to makers of handmade goods, began operations. The company became profitable in 2009 and by 2013 sales were expected to surpass $1 billion.
    (SFC, 11/11/13, p.D3)
2005        Global Voices Online was launched by former CNN Beijing and Tokyo Bureau Chief, Rebecca MacKinnon and technologist and Africa expert, Ethan Zuckerman while they were both fellows at the Berkman Center for Internet and Society at Harvard University to create links between bloggers in different countries.
    (Econ, 9/4/10, p.62)(http://globalvoicesonline.org/about/)
2005        Steve Case, co-founder of AOL, setup the firm Revolution to acquire small firms in the wellness industry and help them grow faster. His partners included Colin Powell, former US secretary of state, Carly Fiorina, ex-boss of Hewlett-Packard, and Jim Barksdale, former head of Netscape.
    (Econ, 1/6/07, p.51)

2005        Jeffrey Inmelt, chairman and CEO of General Electric (GE) received $15 million in salary for the year and was awarded additional performance shares valued at up to $14.6 million.
    (WSJ, 3/4/06, p.A6)

2005        High Impact Technology (HIT), a small Oregon firm, proposed using lightweight plastic to protect fuel trucks from bullets. It developed a polyurethane material that when sprayed onto a fuel tank would dry to a rigid plastic. Fuel spurting out a bullet hole would react with a catalyst in the polyurethane causing it to absorb fuel and expand, this plugging the leak in seconds.
    (Econ, 9/7/13, TQ p.7)

2005        Intel planned to complete a new $375 million chipset assembly plant in Chengdu, China.
    (SFC, 5/31/05, p.C1)

2005        Microsoft released MSN Search, powered by its own internally developed search engine. MSN had previously relied on Yahoo for its search function.
    (SFC, 2/2/08, p.C1)
2005        Microsoft acquired Groove Networks along with its creator Ray Ozzie.
    (Econ, 6/28/08, p.78)

2005        Sirius Satellite Radio ended the year with over 3.3 million subscribers. XM Satellite Radio ended the year with almost 6 million subscribers.
    (Econ, 1/14/06, p.64)

2005        Kerr-McGee installed its Constitution platform 300km southwest of New Orleans. The $600 million structure was moored to the ocean floor 1,500 meters below the surface.
    (Econ, 3/6/10, TQ p.15)

2005        Pierre Omidyar, the founder of eBay, and his wife, Pam, donated $100 million in stock to Tufts Univ.
    (WSJ, 5/12/06, p.W2)

2005        The vaccine Menactra, to prevent meningococcal meningitis, was licensed in the US. It was manufactured by Sanofi Pasteur, a unit of Sanofi-Aventis.
    (WSJ, 8/4/08, p.D1)

2005        There was a measles outbreak among school children in Indiana. In 2006 the CDC attributed it to home-schooled children whose parents avoided vaccinations out of safety concern. The outbreak was later traced to a 17-year-old girl who had traveled to Romania without getting vaccinated.
    (WSJ, 8/3/06, p.A1)(SFC, 12/22/06, p.A18)

2005        Alabama Gov. Bob Riley announced a $10 million pilot program called Alabama Connecting Classrooms Educators and Students Statewide (Access). The idea was use the Internet and videoconferencing to link students in one town to teachers in another.
    (Econ, 7/18/09, p.30)

2005        A US Census Bureau survey showed that Mississippi had America’s highest poverty rate at 21.3%. The national average was 13.3%.
    (Econ, 1/6/07, p.27)
2005        In the US the wealthiest 1% earned 21.2% of all income this year. The bottom 50% earned 12.8% of all income according to IRS data released in 2007.
    (WSJ, 10/12/07, p.A1)
2005        American worker union membership dropped to under 13% from over 20% in 1980.
    (Econ, 9/23/06, p.34)
2005        A 2007 report said there were 744,000 homeless people in the United States this year.
    (AP, 1/11/07)
2005        Americans generated over 245 million tons of municipal solid waste, roughly 4½ pounds for per person per day.
    (SFC, 7/13/07, p.C1)
2005        Fort Bliss, Texas, had some 25,000 inhabitants. Due to expansion plans a 2008 estimate expected 90,000 people by 2013.
    (Econ, 6/28/08, p.39)
2005        Murders in Houston, Texas, for the year totaled 334, many of which were linked to refugees from Hurricane Katrina.
    (Econ, 9/16/06, p.41)
2005        Killings with guns in the US numbered around 14,000 for this year. There were another 16,000 suicides by firearm and 650 fatal accidents.
    (Econ, 4/21/07, p.11)

2005        The US imported some $137 million in emeralds.
    (WSJ, 2/7/07, p.A12)
2005        Worldwide spending on Internet search-engine optimization grew 125% to $1.25 billion.
    (Econ, 3/11/06, Survey p.14)
2005        At least 63 journalists were killed worldwide this year, the highest number in a decade.
    (AP, 5/2/06)
2005        The Int’l. Maritime Organization reported in 2006 that there were 266 committed or attempted acts of piracy this year.
    (Econ, 4/22/06, p.73)

2005        Afghanistan earned $2.7 billion from opium exports, 52% of its GDP of $5.2 billion.
    (WSJ, 1/18/06, p.A1)

2005        Angola’s economy grew this year by an estimated 15.5%.
    (Econ, 6/24/06, p.51)

2005        In Argentina lawmakers approved a plan to extend to migrants most rights enjoyed by Argentine citizens, while reducing black market labor and registering immigrants. Implementation of the plan began in 2006.
    (SFC, 5/6/06, p.A6)

2005        Craig Thomson, Australia’s national secretary of the Health Services Union, allegedly made a payment of A$2,475 ($2,595) to a Sydney brothel on his union credit card. The HSU first became aware of questionable financial transactions in May of 2008 as a result of an exit audit following Craig Thomson's departure as national secretary. In 2011 the lawmaker's former union asked police to investigate his union credit card bills.
    (Reuters, 8/24/11)

2005        In Belgium deaths from traffic accidents reached 11.2 per 100,000 inhabitants. Blame was put on the lack of stop signs at most intersections.
    (WSJ, 9/25/06, p.A1)

2005        Brazil opened a peacekeeping school near Rio de Janeiro: the Centro de Instrucao de Operacoes de Paz (CIOpPAZ).
    (Econ, 9/25/10, p.52)
2005        Johan Eliasch (43), Swedish-born English business executive, bought 400,000 acres around Manicore, Brazil, in order to cut timber cutting operations and to plant trees.
    (WSJ, 4/7/07, p.A1)

2005        In Britain the Labor government brought in Control Orders, allowing suspects to be kept under curfew for up to 16 hours a day. In 2010 the British government lost a court battle on against two former terrorism suspects trying to win damages for being held without charge under security laws designed to combat militants.
    (AP, 7/28/10)
2005        Britain’s Gambling Act of 2005 came into force.
    (Econ, 6/11/05, p.54)
2005        British billionaire Michael Brown donated about 2.4 million pounds to fund the national election campaign of Britain's Liberal Democrats, the third ranked party's largest ever donation. In 2008 Brown was convicted of fraud and sentenced in his absence to 7 years in jail.
    (AP, 1/6/12)

2005         Brunei’s population in 2005 was about 370,000.
    (WSJ, 10/25/05, p.A1)(SSFC, 7/16/06, p.A17)

2005        In Bulgaria businessman Valentin Zahariev sold the troubled Kremikovtzi steel plant for $110 million to Pramod Mittal, the brother of steel magnate Lakshmi Mittal.
    (WSJ, 8/4/08, p.A8)
2005        Bulgaria’s GDP per head was $3,480.
    (Econ, 1/6/07, p.43)

2005        In Burkina Faso the TV sitcom “Le Nouveau Roymaume d’Abou" captivated Saturday night audiences. It focused on a good Muslim with 2 wives and numerous children fighting for his and each other’s attention. The literacy rate in the country was 12.7%.
    (Econ, 11/19/05, p.90)

2005        China appointed Zhang Qingli, a Han Chinese, as Tibet’s party chief.
    (Econ, 3/22/08, p.29)
2005        In China the “Xi Yangyang" (Pleasant Goat and Big Big Wolf), a children’s animated TV show, was launched. In 2013 state broadcasting authorites issued plans for stricter control of violence in the shows.
    (Econ, 10/19/13, p.50)
2005        China produced 260 films this year compared to 425 in America and over 800 in India.
    (Econ, 4/29/06, p.69)
2005        China surpassed the US in exporting the most technology wares around the world.
    (Econ, 12/17/05, p.58)
2005        Over 31 million Chinese traveled abroad, but most were border tourists going to Hong Kong and Macao. Just 1 million visited Europe and only a handful made it to the US and Canada, which still restrict Chinese visitors.
    (Econ, 6/24/06, p.74)
2005        In China more than 6,000 people died in accidents in it's coal mines and petroleum industries in this year, with the proportion of those killed in major disasters rising sharply.
    (AP, 2/10/06)
2005        China’s government in 2006 said AIDS surpassed hepatitis B to become China's third-deadliest infectious disease in 2005. Some 130 million Chinese carried the hepatitis B virus. The UN estimated that 55,000 people were infected with HIV from commercial blood and plasma donations.
    (AP, 2/13/06)(Econ, 11/18/06, p.45)(Econ, 1/20/07, p.51)
2005        China's Health Ministry reported almost 34,000 food-related illnesses, with spoiled food accounting for the largest number, followed by poisonous plants or animals and use of agricultural chemicals.
    (AP, 4/13/07)
2005        The Paris-based Press Freedom Index ranked China at 159th out of 167 countries.
    (www.rsf.org/rubrique.php3?id_rubrique=554)
2005        Burger King introduced its hamburger operations in China.
    (Econ, 10/25/08, p.78)

2005        Colombia’s Congress increased the maximum sentence to violators of its ban on abortion to 4 ½ years in prison. An estimated 400,00 illegal abortions were performed annually.
    (Econ, 10/8/05, p.46)
2005        In Colombia some 16,350 landowners held 62.6% of all farmland. Drug traffickers and paramilitaries had seized huge tracts of rural land in the 1980s and 1990s to launder their profits.
    (Econ, 9/18/10, p.51)

2005        Cuba’s population reached 11.2 million.
    (AP, 11/12/05)

2005        Denmark’s budget surplus hit 3.9% of GDP this year.
    (Econ, 9/9/06, p.29)
2005        Universal Robots was founded in Denmark to make robot arms that were light and easily programmed.
    (Econ, 3/29/14, SR p.6)

2005        Djibouti President Ismail Omar Guelleh was re-elected with no opposition.
    (AP, 2/18/11)

2005         In the Dominican Republic Diego (7), an adopted boy from Russia’s Volgograd region, was abandoned by a Russian couple who left him in the Boca Chica tourist zone with a driver who worked for them during their stay in the Caribbean country. After returning to Russia, authorities arrested the couple for cocaine trafficking. The boy lived with the taxi driver and his wife until authorities received allegations they were mistreating him. In 2008, he was taken away and sent to a temporary shelter for children who have been victims of domestic violence.
    (AP, 4/21/10)

2005        Dubai’s population numbered about 1.5 million.
    (SSFC, 7/24/05, p.C3)

2005        Sayed al-Qimani, Egyptian writer, fearing for his life publicly repented for purported sins and abandoned writing for some years. His book “Rabb al-Zaman" (God of Our Time) was marked for banning by the ‘Ulama’, who also sued him for his views. 
    (Econ, 8/8/09, p.53)(www.dayan.org/D&A-Egypt-ami.htm)

2005        The population of Equatorial Guinea was estimated to be about 535,800.
    (www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/cabs/eqguinea.html)

2005        Estonia became the first country to implement Internet voting in a nationwide election.
    (http://estonia.eu/about-estonia/economy-a-it/e-estonia.html)(AP, 11/9/12)

2005        In Ethiopia police under PM Meles Zenawi shot dead some 200 civilians following the disputed general elections.
    (Econ, 8/15/09, p.43)
2005        Ethiopian shoemaker Bethlehem Tilahun Alemu launched her SoleRebels shoes. Her eco-friendly "SoleRebels" brand of footwear, were made of recycled tires and traditional woven fabric. The brand took its name from the type of footwear favored by Ethiopian rebel fighters in the country's recent troubled past.
    (AFP, 10/11/09)
2005        Ethiopia’s population stood at about 75 million.
    (Econ, 8/13/05, p.38)

2005        The EU awarded Sri Lanka a concession known as “GSP Plus" to help the country deal with the 2004 tsunami. The preferential tariff treatments were due to expire in 2008.
    (Econ, 8/16/08, p.42)
2005        By the end of this year the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg, France, had 13,945 cases pending against Russia. In 2005 Russians had filed 8,500, a sixth of all those received.
    (WSJ, 4/26/06, p.A1)

2005        In Olkiluoto, Finland, construction began on a 1,630-megawatt reactor, the first generation 3 European Pressurized Water Reactor, a joint venture between France's nuclear plant builder Areva SA and Germany's Siemens AG. Completion was expected in 2009.
    (www.hightechfinland.com/2006/energy/energy/en_GB/tvo/)

2005        Viadeo, a social network for professionals, was founded in France and by 2014 was the 2nd largest in the field behind LinkedIn. In 2008 Viadeo bought Tianji, a Chinese business networking site.
    (Econ, 8/16/14, p.52)

2005        In Germany the Frauenkirche (Church of Our Lady) in Dresden re-opened. It had been destroyed by Allied bombing in 1945.
    (SSFC, 6/17/12, p.N3)
2005        Germany passed a temporary measure dubbed Lex Telecom to allow a group of model plaintiffs to establish a precedent in a case against Deutsche Telecom.
    (Econ, 4/12/08, p.72)
2005        The government of Germany disclosed in 2008 that an eighth of Germans lived at or below the poverty line in 2005.
    (Econ, 5/24/08, p.69)
2005        In Germany Patrick Stuebing (b.1976) was sentenced to 14 months in prison for incest with his younger sister, with whom he fathered four children. In 2012 the European Court of Human Rights said his privacy rights were not violated.
    (AP, 4/12/12)
2005        In Germany Landlust magazine was launched by an agricultural trade publisher. By 2011 circulation grew to 800,000.
    (Econ, 6/11/11, p.57)

2005        Mark Davies, a British dotcom tycoon, went to Ghana and started TradeNet, a software company that later developed a simple sort of eBay for agricultural products.
    (Econ, 1/27/07, p.48)

2005        In Guatemala 624 women were murdered this year up from 213 in 2000.
    (Econ, 11/18/06, p.42)

2005        Guinea’s population was about 8 million.
    (Econ, 7/23/05, p.44)

2005        In Guyana the failure of a dam during the worst rains in a century flooded dozens of villages and parts of the capital killing 35 people.
    (AP, 1/22/06)

2005        Hungary’s debt stood at almost 60% of GDP.
    (Econ, 8/5/06, p.63)

2005        India planned to begin production of the Sagarika missiles, capable of carrying a nuclear warhead and being fired from submarines.
    (SFC, 6/27/98, p.A13)
2005        In India Vijay Mallya, chairman of Bangalore based United Breweries, launched Kingfisher Airlines, named after UB’s best-selling beer.
    (Econ, 7/16/05, p.64)
2005        Krishnan Ganesh founded TutorVista, an Internet service using Indian tutors for Western students.
    (Econ, 6/23/07, p.76)
2005        Richard Branson agreed to an investment in a Bangalore studio with a focus on Indian religion and mythology. His Virgin Comics LLC followed soon thereafter.
    (WSJ, 1/2/07, p.B4)

2005        In Indonesia Andrea Hirata authored his autobiographical novel "The Rainbow Troops." In 2013 Angie Kilbane made it available in English.
    (Econ, 2/9/13, p.80)
2005        Indonesia established direct elections for provincial governors and heads of districts and municipalities, creating a new breed of accountable local officials.
    (Econ, 9/12/09, SR p.7)
2005        Indonesia’s government gave a 30-year permit to Putri Naga Komodo, a nonprofit joint venture company partially funded by The Nature Conservancy and the World Bank, to operate Komodo National Park tourist facilities in hopes of eventually making the park financially self-sustaining. The deal collapsed in 2010, when Putri Naga Komodo's permit was yanked.
    (AP, 4/20/12)

2005        Iran’s Parliament ordered that the country’s foundations (bonyads) start paying at least some taxes. Several were exempted including the Imam Reza Shrine.
    (WSJ, 6/2/07, p.A12)
2005        In Iran Kord Zanganeh was selected as head of the Iranian Privatization Organization, putting him at the center of the new divestment drive. Over the next five years, he oversaw the sale of about $67 billion worth of shares.
    (Reuters, 12/24/13)

2005        In Iraq insurgency-related violence in 2005 killed more than twice as many Iraqi civilians, 4,024 people, as Iraqi soldiers and police, according to government figures obtained by The Associated Press.
    (AP, 3/2/06)

2005        In Ireland property developers Raymond and Danny Grehan bought a Dublin site for a record 82 million euros per acre. They were later ordered by an Irish court to pay the state-run National Asset Management Agency (NAMA) 312 million and 308 million euros respectively. Raymond Grehan declared bankruptcy in London in Dec, 2011. Brother Danny followed on Jan 6, 2012.
    (Reuters, 1/11/12)

2005        Yehezkel Dror, an Israeli political scientist, authored “Epistle to an Israeli Jewish-Zionist," in which he set out two contrasting visions of how his country might look in 2040.
    (Econ, 4/5/08, SR p.3)

2005        In Italy Mitchell Wolfson, American collector, opened his Wolfsoniana Museum at Nervi, to be run by the commune of Genoa. He specialized in collecting political propaganda and decorative art made between 1880 and 1945 illustrating the evolution of modern Western design.
    (Econ, 7/18/09, p.83)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mitchell_Wolfson,_Jr.)
2005        Italy’s public debt climbed from 103.8 percent of GDP in 2004 to 106.4 percent, the greatest hike since 1994. In mid-2006 it reached 108% of GDP.
    (http://english.people.com.cn/200603/17/eng20060317_251339.html)(Econ, 6/10/06, p.49)

2005        In Japan the Chim Pom collective of 6 artists began creating guerrilla art, blurring the distinction between art and activism. The majority of their work has been documented on a series of popular and bestselling DVDs.
    (Econ, 3/10/12, p.98)(www.virtualjapan.com/wiki/Chim_Pom)
2005        Mark West authored “Law in Everyday Japan: Sex, Sumo, Suicide and Statutes."
    (Econ, 6/4/11, p.92)
2005        The city government of Tokyo, Japan, founded the ShinGinko Tokyo bank. It was conceived by Gov. Shintaro Ishihara. Mismanagement over the next 3 years let it burn through $1 billion.
    (Econ, 4/12/08, p.84)
2005        In Japan Shizuka Kamei founded the People’s New Party (PNP).
    (Econ, 9/26/09, p.88)
2005        Japanese investment in China reached $6.5 billion, more than a tenth of the total received by China this year.
    (Econ, 10/7/06, p.30)
2005        Some 500 million immature jellyfish drifted into the Sea of Japan each day. Giant jellyfish started swarming into the area in large numbers in 2002 impacting the local fishing.
    (WSJ, 11/27/07, p.A1)

2005        The conflict in Kashmir took over 1,700 lives in this year. More than 90% were members of the state’s Muslim majority.
    (Econ, 5/6/06, p.43)

2005        Kenya’s population grew to some 34 million.
    (Econ, 9/23/06, p.94)

2005        Dr. Naif Al-Mutawa, a Columbia-educated Kuwaiti psychologist, began creating a comic book series called The 99. It was designed to give Muslim kids superheroes they could identify with as opposed to western icons.
    (SFC, 10/13/11, p.E1)(www.emel.com/article?id=90&a_id=2351)

2005        The population of Kyrgyzstan was about 5 million.
    (SSFC, 9/30/01, p.A2)(SFC, 3/25/05, p.A12)

2005        In Laos the state-owned enterprise Beerlao, which traces its origins to French colonial times, added dark brew and a light beer to its regular lager this year and went into a 50-50 joint venture with Denmark's Carlsberg Breweries, the world's No. 5 beer-maker.
    (AP, 12/31/05)

2005        In Lebanon interest payments accounted for a third of government spending. The ratio of debt to revenue was 751%, the world’s worst according to Moody’s Investors’ Service.
    (Econ, 9/2/06, p.65)

2005        In Madagascar rising commodity prices prompted Rio Tinto to begin investing $650 million in operations to mine ilmenite, a mineral that contains titanium oxide, which is used to make pigments and sunscreen.
    (Econ, 3/17/07, p.73)

2005        Malawi Pres. Bingu wa Mutharika (1934-2012) fixed the exchange rate. Administrative measures were put in place to control the exchange rate with other currencies. Mutharika steadfastly refused to make a major devaluation, which he argued would hurt the poor.
    (AFP, 5/8/12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malawian_kwacha)
2005        In Malawi Gospel Kazako (37), the son of a security guard and a homemaker, started his ZBS radio station. In 2009 the Malawi Electoral Commission, in consultation with all political parties in Malawi, chose ZBS over state-run MBC as the official broadcaster for the general elections because it was trusted. In 2011 president accused the station of fanning anti-government demonstrations that turned violent.
    (AP, 9/22/11)

2005        Malaysia opened its $1650 million Bio Valley project. By 2012 it was known as the “Valley of the Bio Ghosts."
    (Econ, 1/21/12, SR p.14)
2005        Malaysia’s $5 billion Bakun Dam on the Balui River was expected to be completed.
    (SFC, 5/22/01, p.A10)

2005         An estimated 80,000 people lived in the Maldives on less than 1.2 square miles.
    (SSFC, 1/2/05, p.A10)

2005        The population of Mauritania was about 3 million. The capital is Nouakchott.
    (SFC, 8/4/05, p.A12)

2005        Mexico counted 1,600 murders this year linked to organized crime.
    (Econ, 6/16/07, p.45)

2005        Myanmar’s ruling junta arrested the leader of the Shan State National Army (SSNA) along with other members of the Shan minority.
    (Econ, 7/23/05, p.24)
2005        AIDS in Myanmar was estimated at 1.2% of the population. It was reported that 100,000 new cases of TB were being detected annually.
    (Econ, 7/23/05, p.25)
2005        In Myanmar fossils were found near Bagan that later suggested the common ancestors of humans, monkeys and apes, known as anthropoids, evolved from primates in Asia, rather than Africa. The 38 million-year-old pieces of jawbones and teeth were part of a growing body of evidence that helped scientists to understand the origin of primates.
    (AP, 7/1/09)

2005        In the Netherlands the fiercely anti-immigrant Freedom Party (PVV) was founded.
    (Econ, 8/11/12, p.45)
2005        Help for the famine in Niger was initially estimated at $7 a head. The cost ended up at $23 a head.
    (Econ, 7/30/11, p.46)

2005        The CD "I Go Chop Your Dollars," penned by Nigerian artist Osofia, became a hugely popular hit in Lagos. It also became the anthem of Nigeria’s  419 internet scam artists.
    (LAT, 10/20/05)
2005        Nigeria’s 1st world-class shopping mall, the Palms, opened in Lagos.
    (Econ, 8/23/14, p.60)

2005        North Korea delivered over a dozen intermediate-range ballistic missiles to Iran. [see April 27, 2006]
    (WSJ, 7/6/06, p.A4)
2005        North Korea’s government urged its women to refrain from wearing trousers, saying Western clothing dampen the revolutionary spirit and blur national pride.
    (AP, 12/5/09)

2005        The population of mainland Orkney was about 7,500.
    (SSFC, 11/13/05, p.F10)

2005        Paraguay’s population was about 6 million.
    (Econ, 10/1/05, p.36)

2005        Walden Bello, Philippine economist, authored “Deglobalization, Ideas for a New World Economy."
    (Econ, 2/21/09, p.59)
2005        The Philippine Department of Labor refused 2 unions permission to go on strike at the Hacienda Luisita sugar plantation. 7 workers were killed in a protest that followed.
    (Econ, 12/10/05, p.50)

2005        Romania’s GDP per head was $4,490.
    (Econ, 1/6/07, p.43)

2005        In Russia the Voina art collective was founded by a Moscow philosophy student. The street-art group became known for their provocative and politically charged works of performance art.
    (SFC, 1/3/12, p.A2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voina)
2005        Russia arrested Gennady Vasilenko. Vasilenko, a former KGB officer employed as a security officer by Russia's NTV television. In 2006 he was sentenced to three years in prison on murky charges of illegal weapons possession and resistance to authorities. Reasons for his involvement in the swap weren't immediately clear. In 2010 he was released as part of a spy swap with the US.
    (AP, 7/9/10)
2005        New England Patriots owner Robert Kraft met with Pres. Putin in St Petersburg after the Patriots beat the Philadelphia Eagles in the Super Bowl. Kraft reportedly showed his Superbowl ring to Putin and Putin put it on. "I put my hand out and he put it in his pocket, and three KGB guys got around him and walked out." The White House under Pres. George W. Bush, told Kraft it would be better for relations with Moscow if he treated it as a gift.
    (Reuters, 6/16/13)
2005        Alcohol poisoning killed some 36,000 Russians this year.
    (Econ, 9/9/06, p.51)
2005        Bilateral trade between Russia and Turkey reached $15 billion, making Russia Turkey’s second-largest trade partner.   
    (Econ, 6/3/06, p.48)

2005        Saudi Arabia enacted a law that banned state employees from saying anything in public that conflicts with official policy.
    (Econ, 3/3/07, p.53)

2005        In Bratislava, Slovakia, the new Eurovea Int’l. Trade Center began developing on the riverfront. The 1st phase was expected to complete in 2009.
    (WSJ, 9/21/05, p.A7)

2005        According to the International Maritime Bureau the number of overall reported at-sea hijackings by pirates off the Somali coast was 35, compared with two in 2004.
    (AP, 4/7/07)

2005        South Korea’s communication ministry created a rule forcing cell phones connecting to the Internet to use domestic software called Wireless Internet Platform Interoperability (WIPI) to make it easier for local programmers and cellphone service companies to offer Web-based services. In 2008 South Korea eliminated usage of WIPI effective April 2009. 
    (WSJ, 12/11/08, p.B3)
2005        South Korea’s Hyundai Motor Co. opened a site near Montgomery, Alabama, for its 1st US assembly plant.
    (WSJ, 4/3/02, p.A1)(SFC, 3/14/06, p.D3)

2005        Spain unveiled a Renewable Energy Plan.
    (AFP, 10/23/06)
2005        Spain adopted the so-called “Beckham law," a preferential tax status to foreigners.
    (Econ, 9/24/11, p.85)
2005        Some 650,000 people arrived in Spain pushing the total population to over 44 million. Some 700,000 illegal immigrants were granted amnesty.
    (Econ, 10/14/06, p.59)
2005        Housing starts in Spain reached 715,000 for the year.
    (Econ, 9/16/06, p.61)

2005        In South Africa a survey estimated that between 1994 and 2004, 942,303 people were evicted from their homes on farms, which are often part of their employment package, compared to 737,114 the previous decade. Some 2.9 million people worked on farms and 950,000 lived on them, it estimated. The Confederation of South African Trade Unions blamed many of the evictions on the trend toward turning farms into luxurious golf estates, safari lodges and tourist accommodation in preparation for the 2010 World Cup.
    (AP, 2/10/07)

2005        Sudan’s GDP grew at an 8% rate. The IMF projected 13% growth for 2006.
    (Econ, 8/5/06, p.42)
2005        Some 200 Sudanese fleeing the bloodshed in Darfur made their way to Israel, where they were placed under low-security lockup.
    (SFC, 6/9/06, p.A14)

2005        Suriname had under 500,000 inhabitants, who shared over 15 languages.
    (Econ, 2/12/05, p.37)(SSFC, 12/7/08, p.E5)

2005        Swaziland adopted a new constitution which included guarantees of basic freedoms.
    (Econ, 11/29/08, p.52)

2005        Sweden eliminated its inheritance tax.
    (Economist, 10/13/12, SR p.20)

2005        Syria’s population at this time was about 18 million with 90.3% Arabs.
    (Econ, 10/1/05, p.41)

2005        M.J. Nee, Taiwanese actor, committed suicide by hanging.
    (Econ, 6/23/07, p.67)
2005        Taiwan’s population was around 23 million.
    (Econ, 8/27/05, p.54)

2005        The population of Tanzania was about 36 million with 45% Christian and 35% Muslim.
    (Econ, 11/5/05, p.51)

2005        In southern Thailand the Buddhist vigilante group Ruam Thai, or Thais United, was established late this year by police officials led by Maj. Gen. Phitak Ladkaew, then chief of investigation in Yala, one of the 3 Muslim-majority provinces.
    (AP, 8/8/07)

2005        In Tonga popularly elected politicians joined the royal government for the 1st time.
    (Econ, 5/3/08, p.52)

2005        Trinidad, with a population of 1.3 million, counted 390 murders this year.
    (Econ, 8/26/06, p.29)

2005        At least 68 people, including 9 children, were killed this year in landmine blasts in Turkey’s Kurdish areas bordering Iran and Iraq.
    (Econ, 2/10/07, p.52)
2005         Turkey’s population numbered about 69.6 million.
    (www.airninja.com/worldfacts/countries/Turkey/population.htm)

2005        Turkmenistan Pres. Niyazov drew widespread criticism by closing provincial hospitals, declaring them an unnecessary extravagance. Gurbanguly Berdymukhamedov served as health minister at this time. As president he reversed Niyazov’s policy and actively promoted the building of several hospitals all over the country.
    (AFP, 3/30/12)

2005        The UN listed 193 sovereign nations, 191 members plus Taiwan and the Vatican. The Travelers’ Century Club listed 315 “countries" on its list.
    (SSFC, 9/25/05, 9)
2005        A UN unit called the Joint Integrated Unit was created and stationed in Malakal, Sudan, after the 2005 north-south peace deal that ended more than two decades of civil war.
    (AP, 2/4/11)

2005        The population of Uzbekistan was about 26 million.
    (SFC, 10/12/01, p.A16)(WSJ, 5/4/05, p.A17)

2005        Venezuela’s government in 2005 approved plans for 20 co-management operations. Some 200 small companies had voluntarily applied for co-management status in exchange for government funds. Pres. Chavez vowed to continue taking over companies and converting them to co-managed entities.
    (WSJ, 12/27/05, p.A12)
2005        Venezuela’s government gave Cuba a contract to modernize Venezuela’s identity card system.
    (Econ, 2/13/10, p.40)
2005        Venezuela’s Ministry of Justice reported 9,402 homicides nationwide for 2005. Deaths by gunfire per capita was the highest in the world at 34.3 per 100,000.
    (SFC, 10/6/06, p.A14)
2005        Transparency Int’l. placed Venezuela 130th out of 159 countries in its annual survey of perceptions of corruption.
    (Econ, 4/1/06, p.31)

2005        Some 74% of Vietnam’s 84 million population still lived in the countryside.
    (Econ, 11/26/05, p.49)

2005        Zambia’s population stood at about 10.5 million.
    (Econ, 7/16/05, p.43)

2005-2007    The Oakland, Ca., police department tracked 884 carjackings during this period. For the same period SF, with about twice Oakland’s population, reported 334 carjackings.
    (SFC, 6/2/08, p.A1)

2005-2008    Follow the reference for a MADD link to a timeline on drunk driving for this period.
    (http://www.madd.org/campaign.aspx)

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