Timeline 2006 October-December

Return to home

2006        Oct 1, Tiger Woods won the American Express Championship in Chandler's Cross, England. It was his eighth victory of the year, making him the first player in PGA Tour history to win at least eight times in three seasons.
    (AP, 10/1/07)
2006        Oct 1, In Afghanistan 5 people were killed in various Taliban attacks and bomb blasts.
    (AP, 10/2/06)
2006        Oct 1, Austrians began voting in national elections that could swing the republic back to the political center after more than six years of influence by the extreme right. Without absentee ballots, the Social Democrats won 35.7%, giving it the largest proportion of parliamentary seats. The People's Party, led by Chancellor Wolfgang Schussel, came in second with 34.2%, followed by the Freedom Party, which campaigned on an anti-foreigner platform, with 11.2%. The Greens came in fourth with 10.5%.
    (AP, 10/1/06)(AP, 10/2/06)(Econ, 10/7/06, p.60)
2006        Oct 1, Bosnians voted in historic general elections that will choose the first government to run the country without international supervision since the end of the 1992-1995 war.
    (AFP, 10/1/06)
2006        Oct 1, Brazil held elections. Brazil voted for president, the lower house of Congress, a third of the Senate and all state governors and legislatures. Voter outrage over alleged corruption and dirty tricks left Pres. Silva facing a tough runoff for a 2nd term after Geraldo Alckmin, his main rival, staged a surprise comeback. Silva got 48.6% compared to 41.6% for Alckmin, the former governor of Sao Paulo state. Silva had seemed assured of a first-round victory until two weeks ago when Worker Party operatives were caught allegedly trying to pay $770,000 in cash for information to incriminate Alckmin's Social Democracy Party. The target of the alleged smear campaign was Jose Serra, an Alckmin ally who won the race to become Sao Paulo state's next governor, handily beating the Workers' Party candidate. Electoral officials said former President Fernando Collor de Mello, forced from office in a corruption scandal in 1992 and barred from politics for eight years, has won a seat in Brazil's Senate.
    (AP, 10/2/06)(AP, 10/3/06)(Econ, 9/30/06, p.31)(AP, 10/1/07)
2006        Oct 1, In Britain sweeping age-discrimination laws went into effect.
    (Econ, 9/30/06, p.66)
2006        Oct 1, China began its week-long national day holiday, with rail stations and airports packed and roads gridlocked around Tiananmen Square and at other major tourist sites throughout the nation. In the southwestern city of Chongqing a bus careened off a bridge and plunged nearly 100 feet into a river, killing 30 people.
    (AP, 10/1/06)
2006        Oct 1, India said it will give Islamabad evidence that Pakistan's spy agency planned the Mumbai train bombings in July which killed more than 200 people.
    (AP, 10/1/06)
2006        Oct 1, In Iraq violence killed at least 17 people in Baghdad and elsewhere including a woman and a girl who died in a crossfire during a joint US-Iraqi raid on a suspected militia member's home. Insurgents fired mortar rounds at British targets at the Shat Al-Arab hotel in Basra. One landed on a nearby home, killing a 7-year-old boy and his 3-year-old sister and wounding a third child. Gunmen kidnapped 26 workers from a refrigerated food factory in western Baghdad in what appeared to be a new sectarian attack. The kidnapped workers included Shiites and Sunnis, and they included 3 women. 7 bodies found in the predominantly Sunni neighborhood of Dora were identified as victims of the food factory kidnapping, but the whereabouts of the others were unknown. The headless bodies of seven people, apparently the victims of sectarian death squads, were found in Suwayrah, 25 miles south of Baghdad. A US soldier died when his vehicle was struck by a roadside bomb west of Baghdad.
    (AP, 10/1/06)(AP, 10/2/06)(AP, 10/3/06)
2006        Oct 1, The Israeli army abandoned positions in Lebanon, withdrawing the last of its troops from its neighbor and fulfilling a key condition of the Aug. 14 cease-fire that ended a monthlong war against Hezbollah.
    (AP, 10/1/06)
2006        Oct 1, Pakistani police arrested six Afghan Taliban fighters at a private hospital in Pakistan's southwestern city of Quetta.
    (AP, 10/1/06)
2006        Oct 1, Palestinian militiamen from the ruling Hamas opened fire on government workers protesting their unpaid salaries, touching off gunbattles with security forces loyal to President Mahmoud Abbas. Seven people were killed in the violence.
    (AP, 10/1/06)
2006        Oct 1, A reformist party pulled out of Serbia's ruling coalition because of the government's failure to capture war crimes suspect Gen. Ratko Mladic, which led to the suspension of talks on joining the European Union.
    (AP, 10/1/06)
2006        Oct 1, In Thailand retired army commander Gen. Surayud Chulanont (b.1943) was sworn as interim prime minister following the announcement of a temporary constitution that reserved considerable powers for the military coup makers.
    (AP, 10/1/06)(WSJ, 10/2/06, p.A7)
2006        Oct 1, Typhoon Xangsane was downgraded to a tropical storm as it moved inland from the central Vietnam coast. At least 59 people were killed and thousands of homes damaged. Damage was later estimated at $625 million.
    (Reuters, 10/1/06)(AP, 10/3/06)
2006        Oct 1, Yemeni anti-terrorism forces killed Fawaz Yahya al-Rabeie, a suspected al-Qaida member, who was convicted of an attack on a French oil tanker and escaped from prison earlier this year. The forces also killed another suspected al-Qaida member, Mohammed al-Dailami, and arrested two other suspects.
    (AP, 10/1/06)
2006        Oct 1, In Zambia rioting erupted in Lusaka after President Levy Mwanawasa surged ahead in presidential polls and his principal rival slipped into third place.
    (AP, 10/1/06)

2006        Oct 2, Bob Woodward’s new book “State of Denial: Bush at War. Part III," was published.
    (SFC, 9/30/06, p.A1)
2006        Oct 2, In Nickel Mines, Pennsylvania, Charles Carl Roberts IV (32), a local truck driver, lined at least 11 girls against a blackboard and shot them in the head at a one-room Amish schoolhouse in Lancaster County. He shot himself as police stormed the schoolhouse. Two young students were killed, along with a female teacher's aide who was slightly older than the students. Seven others, most shot at point-blank range, were taken to hospitals, and two of them died early the next day.
    (AP, 10/3/06)(SFC, 10/3/06, p.A1)(Econ, 10/7/06, p.38)
2006        Oct 2, Americans Andrew Z. Fire and Craig C. Mello won the Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine for discovering a powerful way to turn off the effect of specific genes, opening a new avenue for disease treatment.
    (AP, 10/2/06)
2006        Oct 2, Morgan Stanley said it has acquired China's Nan Tung Bank, a deal that would give the Wall Street giant a coveted onshore commercial banking license in China ahead of U.S. investment bank rivals.
    (AP, 10/2/06)
2006        Oct 2, Actress Tamara Dobson (59) died in Baltimore, Md.
    (AP, 10/2/07)
2006        Oct 2, In Afghanistan 9 people were killed in various Taliban attacks and bomb blasts. They included four Afghan soldiers killed when their vehicle struck a bomb in Paktia province and five civilians killed in a bomb blast in Musa Qala in Helmand province in the south. Two gunbattles in eastern Afghanistan killed four Afghan and two US troops. NATO prepared to assume military command of all of the country from the US-led coalition.
    (AP, 10/2/06)(AP, 10/3/06)
2006        Oct 2, Preliminary results indicated that Bosnians elected new leaders, Milorad Dodik and Haris Silajdzic, split along ethnic lines over whether to further unify the country in a push toward European Union membership or allow Serbs to maintain their political distinctness.
    (AP, 10/2/06)(Econ, 6/30/07, p.60)
2006        Oct 2, Georgia released four Russian officers whose arrest on spying charges prompted Moscow to announce sweeping travel and communications sanctions in the worst bilateral crisis in years.
    (AP, 10/2/06)
2006        Oct 2, Indian PM Manmohan Singh and South African President Thabo Mbeki signed a sweeping pact to buttress ties between the regional powerhouses. The Pretoria agreement was followed by the signing of a pact on cooperation in education and another between Indian Railways which runs one of the world's biggest networks and South African railway company Spoornet.
    (AP, 10/2/06)
2006        Oct 2, Smoke and ash from land-clearing fires in Indonesia blanketed a large swath of the country's west, sending air quality levels plummeting there and in neighboring Singapore and Malaysia.
    (AP, 10/2/06)
2006        Oct 2, Iraq’s Parliament extended the state of emergency as gunmen seized 14 employees from computer stores in downtown Baghdad in the second mass kidnapping in as many days. A police patrol was ambushed in southern Iraq by gunmen who killed two officers and injured three. At least 50 corpses were discovered scattered around Baghdad overnight. 4 US soldiers were killed in Baghdad in separate small-arms fire attacks. Another four were killed in a roadside bomb attack on their patrol northwest of Baghdad.
    (AP, 10/2/06)(AP, 10/3/06)
2006        Oct 2, Italian police said they had smashed an Algerian Islamic fundamentalist cell that gave logistical support to suspected militants in Algeria.
    (Reuters, 10/2/06)
2006        Oct 2, Nicaragua lobbied for support for an $18 billion canal linking the Pacific and Atlantic, saying a second international waterway is needed to handle the world's booming shipping business.
    (AP, 10/3/06)
2006        Oct 2, Dozens of militants abducted 25 Nigerian oil workers in an attack on their convoy in the southern delta region. 5 soldiers were killed and 9 left missing when militants sank two boats used to guard a Shell convoy.
    (AP, 10/3/06)(WSJ, 10/3/06, p.A1)
2006        Oct 2, In the Gaza town of Rafah gunbattles between Fatah and Hamas left 2 people dead and 14 wounded.
    (SFC, 10/3/06, p.A3)
2006        Oct 2, Foreign Minster Ruben Ramirez said that Paraguay and Washington would not renew a defense-cooperation agreement for 2007 over the South American country's refusal to grant US troops inside Paraguay immunity from prosecution by the International Criminal Court.
    (AP, 10/3/06)
2006        Oct 2, Vladimir Kramnik of Russia and Veselin Topalov of Bulgaria played to a draw in Game 6 of the world chess championship after Kramnik agreed to resume competition after a dispute over bathroom breaks threatened to halt the tournament.
    (AP, 10/3/06)
2006        Oct 2, Turkey’s PM Recep Tayyip Erdogan began his latest push to keep EU membership hopes on track with a visit to Washington, where he received a key endorsement from the Bush administration. Turkey was the largest supplier of non-combat equipment to American forces in Iraq.
    (http://tinyurl.com/gvg4s)(Econ, 9/30/06, p.62)
2006        Oct 2, Thailand's respected central bank chief said he has agreed to join the interim Cabinet, a move that appeared likely to reassure the business community.
    (AP, 10/2/06)
2006        Oct 2, An informal UN poll showed that South Korea's foreign minister Ban Ki-Moon (67) has nearly full support from the Security Council, including its five veto-wielding members, and appears almost certain to succeed Kofi Annan as secretary-general of the United Nations.
    (AP, 10/3/06)
2006        Oct 2, Zambia's Electoral Commission said that President Levy Mwanawasa was re-elected to a second term, collecting 43% of the votes cast in last week's balloting.
    (AP, 10/2/06)

2006        Oct 3, Americans John C. Mather and George F. Smoot won the 2006 Nobel Prize in physics for work that helped cement the big-bang theory of the universe and deepen understanding of the origin of galaxies and stars.
    (AP, 10/3/06)
2006        Oct 3, Federal agents raided 8 locations in SF and Oakland, Ca., and arrested 15 people including Sparky Rose (36), head of the New Remedies Cooperative. Nearly 13,000 plants were seized along with $125,000 in cash.
    (SFC, 10/4/06, p.B2)
2006        Oct 3, A federal grand jury indicted Colma City, Ca., Councilman Philip Lum Jr. for allegedly taking gifts from the owner of the Lucky Chances Casino and then voting on matters that benefited the cardroom.
    (SFC, 10/4/06, p.B1)
2006        Oct 3, Jeannik Mequet Littlefield donated $35 million to the SF Opera. She had married Edmund Littlefield in 1945 and he went on to head the Utah Construction Co., a family firm that had built the Hoover Dam.
    (SFC, 10/4/06, p.A1)
2006        Oct 3, The DJIA rose 56.99 to 11,727.34, to close at a new record high above one set on Jan 14, 2000. NASDAQ rose 6.05 to 2,243.
    (SFC, 10/4/06, p.C1)
2006        Oct 3, In California Cambodian and US representatives signed a sister park accord between Samlaut Park and Sequoia National Park.
    (SFC, 10/4/06, p.A1)
2006        Oct 3, Earl Stefanson (41) was arrested in Hayward, Ca, following a police chase through Oakland. He was wanted for the slaying of Leslie Lamb (36) who died Aug 26 following a severe beating. Police had found a torture chamber in Stefanson’s Oakland home with bloodstains from Lamb and 2 other apparent victims. In 2008 Stefanson was convicted of 1st degree murder and other charges. He was sentenced to 2 life terms in prison.
    (SFC, 10/5/06, p.B3)(SFC, 4/8/08, p.B3)(SFC, 7/2/08, p.B5)
2006        Oct 3, Austria's government resigned, two days after the center-right coalition lost parliamentary elections. It will remain in office until a new government is formed.
    (AP, 10/3/06)
2006        Oct 3, In the Democratic Republic of Congo one person was killed and two injured when a Belgian drone from the EU force crashed in Kinshasa.
    (AFP, 10/3/06)
2006        Oct 3, The Czech Republic edged closer to early elections after PM Mirek Topolanek's rightist minority government was toppled in a parliamentary confidence vote.
    (Reuters, 10/3/06)
2006        Oct 3, A top Iranian nuclear official proposed that France create a consortium to enrich uranium in Iran, saying that could satisfy international demands for outside oversight of Tehran's nuclear program.
    (AP, 10/3/06)
2006        Oct 3, Iraqi lawmakers across party lines endorsed the prime minister's new plan for stopping sectarian killings, but Shiite and Sunni leaders still must work out details of how to put aside sharp divisions and work together to halt the bloodshed. A suicide bomber unleashed a blast in a Baghdad fish market and two Shiite families were found slain north of the capital as violence across Iraq claimed at least 53 lives. A raid killed four terror suspects in the western Iraqi town of Haditha. The US command captured 28 suspected terrorists in a raids in southeastern Baghdad. A US soldier was killed in a shooting in Baghdad. A second died from gunfire in Kirkuk.
    (AP, 10/3/06)(AP, 10/4/06)(AP, 10/5/06)(AP, 10/7/06)
2006        Oct 3, OPEC President Nigeria called on its fellow OPEC countries to make deeper output cuts as prices tumbled to an 8-month low below $59 a barrel and the tide showed no sign of turning.
    (AP, 10/3/06)
2006        Oct 3, North Korea said it will conduct a nuclear test in the face of what it claimed was "the U.S. extreme threat of a nuclear war," ratcheting up tensions amid international pressure to return to negotiations on its atomic program.
    (AP, 10/3/06)
2006        Oct 3, Gunmen linked to Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas' Fatah movement threatened to assassinate leaders of the rival Hamas group, heightening tensions from three days of fighting that has killed 10 Palestinians.
    (AP, 10/3/06)
2006        Oct 3, In the Philippines Bishop Alberto Ramento of Tarlac, former Obispo Maximo of the Iglesia Filipina Independiente (IFI), was found stabbed to death at his rectory. He was a noisy critic of government security forces.
    (Econ, 10/14/06, p.46)
2006        Oct 3, Russia suspended all transport and postal links with Georgia until further notice, sharply escalating their dispute. The blockade caused economic problems for Armenia, Georgia's landlocked southern neighbor, since Russia is its main trading partner.
    (AP, 10/3/06)(AP, 10/7/06)
2006        Oct 3, Sri Lanka's Tamil Tiger rebels agreed to unconditional talks with the government but warned they will pull out of a 2002 cease-fire if the government persists with its military campaign.
    (AP, 10/3/06)
2006        Oct 3, Thailand's deposed premier Thaksin Shinawatra resigned from his once all-powerful party in a letter faxed from London.
    (AP, 10/3/06)
2006        Oct 3, A Turkish Airlines plane carrying 113 people from Albania to Istanbul landed in Italy where a Turkish man surrendered and released all the passengers unharmed. The Turkish army deserter who hijacked the airliner sought asylum because he feared persecution in his Muslim homeland after his conversion to Christianity and wanted Pope Benedict XVI's protection.
    (AP, 10/4/06)(AP, 10/3/07)
2006        Oct 3, In Venezuela 2 boys, Renzo Festa (9) and Domenico Festa (12), were abducted along with their mother, Nathaly Gotera de Festa, as she drove them to school. Gotera (35) was married to Italian-Venezuelan businessman Domenico Festa and was in the process of obtaining her Italian citizenship.
    (AP, 10/7/06)

2006        Oct 4, A US federal court awarded $143 million to 3 closed nuclear power plants because the government failed to remove spent fuel rods. The 3 Yankee company reactors were located in Connecticut, Maine, and Massachusetts.
    (WSJ, 10/5/06, p.A6)
2006        Oct 4, Ousted Hewlett-Packard Chairwoman Patricia Dunn (1953-2011), a company officer and three investigators were charged with violating California privacy laws in a corporate spying scandal. The charges were later dropped, with a judge calling their conduct a "betrayal of trust and honor" that nonetheless did not rise to the level of criminal activity.
    (AP, 10/4/07)(SFC, 12/6/11, p.D1)
2006        Oct 4, American Roger D. Kornberg, whose father won a Nobel Prize a half-century ago, was awarded the prize in chemistry for his studies of how cells take information from genes to produce proteins.
    (AP, 10/4/06)
2006        Oct 4, A Philadelphia jury awarded a woman $1 million and her husband $500,000 in compensatory damages after finding that Wyeth's hormone replacement drug Prempro was a cause of her breast cancer. In the first federal Prempro trial, a jury last month in Little Rock, Arkansas found Wyeth was not negligent and had adequately warned patients and doctors of the cancer risk associated with the drug. Wyeth faced some 5,000 lawsuits involving its hormone replacement drugs.
    (Reuters, 10/4/06)
2006        Oct 4, The DJIA rose 123.27 to 11,850.61, to close at record high for the 2nd day in a row. NASDAQ rose 47.30 to 2,290.
    (SFC, 10/5/06, p.C1)
2006        Oct 4, In Berkeley, Ca., the new 2,002-acre Eastshore State Park was dedicated. The 8.5 mile strip ran north along the East Bay from the Bay Bridge to Richmond.
    (SFC, 10/5/06, p.B1)
2006        Oct 4, Scientists reported that the Hubble Space Telescope had revealed 16 objects about the size of Jupiter near the center of the Milky Way and that the discovery gave strong evidence that planets are abundant in other parts of the galaxy.
    (SFC, 10/5/06, p.A4)
2006        Oct 4, New York Times correspondent R.W. Apple Jr. died in Washington at age 71.
    (AP, 10/4/07)
2006        Oct 4, Afghanistan's intelligence agency said security agents have arrested 17 people allegedly trained in Pakistan who they believe planned to launch suicide attacks in three Afghan provinces. In southern Afghanistan suspected Taliban militants attacked a police checkpoint, and the ensuing clash left six militants dead and three wounded.
    (AP, 10/4/06)(AP, 10/5/06)
2006        Oct 4, In Sao Paulo, Brazil, court officials said 14 workers at a juvenile detention center were convicted and sentenced to up to 87 years in prison for beating inmates with iron bars and wood to find out who organized an escape attempt in 2000.
    (AP, 10/4/06)
2006        Oct 4, British PM Tony Blair said the Irish Republican Army's violent campaign in Northern Ireland is over, following a report into paramilitary activity that raised hopes of reviving self-rule.
    (AP, 10/4/06)
2006        Oct 4, In Britain a Muslim-owned business, which reportedly housed a makeshift mosque, was petrol-bombed following three nights of clashes between white and south Asian youths on the London outskirts.
    (AFP, 10/5/06)
2006        Oct 4, In Chile government officials announced plans to build a 62-mile highway through Pumalin Park, a nature reserve created by Douglas Tompkins of SF. The government also signaled that it will push ahead with the proposed $4 billion hydroelectric complex to dam the Baker and Pasqua rivers south of Pumalin.
    (SSFC, 10/8/06, p.A1)
2006        Oct 4, Professor Eugene Polzik and his team at the Niels Bohr Institute at Copenhagen University in Denmark reported a breakthrough in teleportation by using both light and matter.
    (Reuters, 10/4/06)
2006        Oct 4, The world's biggest book fair opened in Frankfurt, Germany, with Indian authors taking center stage and a new scheme to protect writers' copyrights from Internet piracy creating a buzz.
    (AFP, 10/4/06)
2006        Oct 4, Iraqi authorities took a brigade of up to 700 policemen out of service and put members under investigation for "possible complicity" with death squads following a mass kidnapping earlier this week. A series of bombs went off in rapid succession in a shopping district in a mainly Christian neighborhood of Baghdad, killing 16 people and wounding 87. The dead were among 26 people killed in attacks across Iraq. A suicide bomber attacked an Iraqi police base in the town of Ramadi, but guards shot at the explosives-packed vehicle and detonated it before it could hit the base.
    (AP, 10/4/06)(AP, 10/5/06)
2006        Oct 4, In Malawi pop singer Madonna traveled to a village 12 miles outside the capital Lilongwe, where she is funding the construction of a center to feed and educate about 1,000 orphans.
    (Reuters, 10/5/06)
2006        Oct 4, In Nicaragua defense ministers from across the Americas agreed to create an international land-mine removal center and many called for joint military missions for disaster relief and peacekeeping worldwide.
    (AP, 10/4/06)
2006        Oct 4, In Nigeria militants freed around 25 kidnapped oil workers but five abducted expatriates were still missing in another part of the Niger Delta.
    (AP, 10/4/06)
2006        Oct 4, Masked men killed a local Hamas political activist as he set out for morning prayers before dawn in the northern West Bank.
    (AP, 10/4/06)
2006        Oct 4, Sri Lanka's air force bombed separatist rebel positions in the embattled north, a day after the insurgents agreed to peace talks with the government.
    (AP, 10/4/06)
2006        Oct 4, Sources said fresh inter-rebel fighting in Sudan has forced 10,000 Darfuris to seek refuge near a camp of African Union forces monitoring a widely-ignored truce.
    (AP, 10/4/06)

2006        Oct 5, In Miami, Florida, inauguration ceremonies were held for the Carnival Center for the Performing Arts.
    (Econ, 10/14/06, p.32)
2006        Oct 5, The House ethics committee opened an expansive investigation into the unfolding congressional page sex scandal that resulted in the resignation of US Rep. Mark Foley, R-Fla.
    (AP, 10/5/07)
2006        Oct 5, Demonstrations took place in 150 cities across the US, Canada and Switzerland led by the “World Can’t Wait – Drive Out the Bush Regime" campaign.
    (SFC, 10/6/06, p.B7)
2006        Oct 5, Howard Stapleton won the 2006 Ig Nobel Peace Prize for his "electromechanical teenager repellant," a device that produces a sound audible only to those 30 or younger. The device was made famous last May when it was discovered that teenagers had adopted the sound as a ring tone, so that teachers couldn't hear them receiving calls in class.
    (http://news.zdnet.com/2100-9596_22-6123388.html)
2006        Oct 5, The DJIA rose 16.24 to 11,866.69, to close at record high for the 3rd day in a row. NASDAQ rose 15.39 to 2,306.
    (SFC, 10/6/06, p.C1)
2006        Oct 5, In California a state appeals court ruled 2-1 that gays and lesbians have no constitutional right to marry in California.
    (SFC, 10/6/06, p.A1)
2006        Oct 5, In Miami, Florida, inauguration ceremonies were held for the Carnival Center for the Performing Arts.
    (Econ, 10/14/06, p.32)
2006        Oct 5, In Apex, North Carolina, a fire began at the EQ Industrial Services hazardous waste plant and a chlorine cloud rose high over the area. The next morning as many as 17,000 people were urged to flee homes on the outskirts of Raleigh.
    (AP, 10/6/06)
2006        Oct 5, NATO took over eastern Afghanistan from US-led forces, assuming control of 12,000 American troops and extending its military role to the entire country.
    (AP, 10/5/06)
2006        Oct 5, Friedrich Karl Flick (79), Austrian billionaire industrialist, died. His father was convicted at Nuremburg in 1947 of using slave labor in Nazi Germany. In 1981 Flick became embroiled in a major postwar political party financing scandal when it surfaced that some of his managers had given millions of German marks to German political parties. Flick sold his company to Deutsche Bank in 1985.
    (AP, 10/6/06)
2006        Oct 5, In Bolivia rival miners' groups agreed to a truce after a day of clashes over access to one of South America's richest tin mines left at least 9 people dead and 40 injured.
    (AP, 10/6/06)
2006        Oct 5, In Brazil environmentalist Eduardo Veado (46) and his wife, Simone Furtini Abras (41) died after being run over as they walked along a country road in Minas Gerais state. Veado had received death threats for denouncing illegal logging around the town of Ipanema.
    (AP, 10/20/06)
2006        Oct 5, Survivors told police that at least 20 migrants drowned when their boat split while sailing from Africa to Spain's Canary Islands. 7 adults and 4 children were picked up by a South African ship some 120 miles south of the Canary Islands and brought to a port on Gran Canaria island overnight.
    (AP, 10/5/06)
2006        Oct 5, China criticized newly imposed EU antidumping tariffs on Chinese shoes as unlawful and threatened possible retaliation.
    (AP, 10/6/06)
2006        Oct 5, In Ethiopia Alemayehu Fantu, a businessman, was arrested and charged with distributing calendars with pictures of opposition leaders. The calendars called for non-violent civil disobedience to bring down the government.
    (Econ, 10/28/06, p.56)
2006        Oct 5, The European Central Bank, sticking to its tough line on inflation, raised its key interest rate by a quarter of a percentage point to 3.25% and hinted that another rate increase is in the offing before next year.
    (AP, 10/5/06)
2006        Oct 5, EU ministers endorsed a plan to make permanent joint patrols that pick up migrants on the high seas, moving to end internal divisions over dealing with a surge of illegal immigration from Africa.
    (AP, 10/5/06)
2006        Oct 5, Georgians voted in municipal elections seen as a crucial test for President Mikhail Saakashvili during a diplomatic crisis with Russia.
    (AP, 10/5/06)
2006        Oct 5, In Tegucigalpa, Honduras, a fire raged through a building housing abused women and their families, killing three adults and six children.
    (AP, 10/5/06)
2006        Oct 5, Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice visited Baghdad, where she warned Iraqi leaders they had limited time to settle their differences. A car bomb exploded in the mainly Shiite neighborhood of Hurriyah in Baghdad, killing two people and wounding two more. Another bomb struck a group of laborers waiting for work at a downtown square in the capital, killing two and wounding 26. Bombings and shooting in and around Baqouba left seven dead. Mohammed Ridha Mohammed, a Kurdish lawmaker, was kidnapped and shot to death and Shiite militias were held responsible for killing. Mohammed was a member of the Islamic Group, a conservative Sunni party in the Kurdish Alliance. One person was killed and four wounded in a double bombing outside a neighborhood power generator in Baghdad’s Qahira district. Police found the bodies of five men in their 30s, the apparent victims of sectarian death squads, their hands and feet bound and signs of torture on their bodies. Police found 7 bodies floating in the area of Suwayrah. Gunmen killed Naseer Shamil (37), a former Iraqi national volleyball player and a Shiite, in his shop in Baghdad. One American soldier with the 3rd Brigade, 82nd Airborne Division, died near Beiji.
    (AP, 10/6/06)(AP, 10/7/06)(AP, 10/5/07)
2006        Oct 5, In Oaxaca, Mexico, a teacher was hacked to death. A colleague claimed the man was killed for opposing a teachers' strike. Jaime Rene Calva Aragon was on his way to a meeting when he was killed by two assailants wielding hefty ice picks.
    (AP, 10/6/06)
2006        Oct 5, Researchers in Norway announced the discovery of the remains of a short-necked plesiosaur, a prehistoric marine reptile the size of a bus, that they believe is the first complete skeleton ever found. The 150 million year old remains of the 33-foot ocean going predator were found in August on the remote Svalbard Islands of the Arctic.
    (AP, 10/5/06)
2006        Oct 5, In northwestern Pakistan a gunbattle between rival Sunni and Shiite Muslims left at least 13 people dead and seven wounded in a remote tribal area.
    (AP, 10/6/06)
2006        Oct 5, Russia froze Georgians’ work permits and nearly doubled its gas bill.
    (WSJ, 10/6/06, p.A1)
2006        Oct 5, In Sri Lanka relatives and aid workers said the K-faction, a feared militia on Sri Lanka's volatile eastern coast, has abducted hundreds of men and boys, some as young as 12, to fight in the country's civil war, with the government's consent. The Karuna faction split from the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam in 2004.
    (AP, 10/5/06)
2006        Oct 5, The US called emergency UN Security Council consultations after Sudan warned nations considering troops for Darfur that their action was a "prelude to an invasion."
    (AP, 10/5/06)
2006        Oct 5, In Suriname a homeless man was slain by an ax-wielding assailant in Paramaribo. It was the 4th killing this year of homeless men while they slept on the streets of Suriname's capital. Police wondered if a serial killer is on the loose.
    (AP, 10/6/06)
2006        Oct 5, Thai coup leaders agreed to talk with southern rebels reversing Thaksin’s confrontational approach to the insurgency.
    (WSJ, 10/6/06, p.A1)
2006        Oct 5, US-based Human Rights Watch (HRW) said the EU's decision to abandon a trade pact with the reclusive Central Asian state of Turkmenistan was a "landmark move against tyranny."
    (Reuters, 10/5/06)
2006        Oct 5, The Latvian and Thai candidates dropped out of the race to become the next U.N. chief on Thursday, leaving South Korea's foreign minister as the lone remaining contender and near-certain successor to Kofi Annan.
    (AP, 10/5/06)
2006        Oct 5, In Uzbekistan a court sentenced Ulugbek Khaidarov, an independent rights activist and journalist, to six years in jail for extortion amid a sweeping government crackdown on dissidents in the tightly controlled ex-Soviet state.
    (AP, 10/6/06)

2006        Oct 6, Petty Officer 3rd Class Melson J. Bacos, a Navy medic, pleaded guilty to kidnapping and conspiracy, telling his court-martial at Camp Pendleton, Calif., that he stood and watched as seven members of a Marine squadron murdered an innocent Iraqi civilian.
    (AP, 10/6/07)
2006        Oct 6, The US Centers for Disease Control said 3 people from Washington County, Ga., had experienced respiratory failure and remained hospitalized on ventilators following a meal they shared on Sept. 7 that included carrot juice made by Bolthouse Farms. A woman in Florida was hospitalized mid-September and botulism toxin from bottled carrot juice was suspected.
    (AP, 10/7/06)
2006        Oct 6, US and European negotiators reached an interim deal on sharing trans-Atlantic air passenger data for anti-terrorism investigations.
    (AP, 10/6/06)
2006        Oct 6, The US FDA approved Zolinza, generic name Vorinostat, a drug that switches off genes associated with cancer.
    (Econ, 10/14/06, p.86)
2006        Oct 6, In Virginia opening ceremonies were held for the new $13 million American Civil War Center in Richmond’s former Civil War gun foundry.
    (WSJ, 10/12/06, p.W13)
2006        Oct 6, The homicide rate in Oakland, Ca., hit 119 for the year, a 10-year high.
    (SFC, 10/7/06, p.B5)
2006        Oct 6, John Jordan O’Neil (b.1911), aka “Buck" O’Neil, baseball’s charismatic Negro Leagues ambassador, died at a Kansas City, Missouri-area hospital. He barnstormed with Satchel Paige and inexplicably fell one vote shy of being elected to the Hall of Fame in February 2006.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buck_O'Neil#_note-1)
2006        Oct 6, In eastern Afghanistan 2 suicide bombers blew themselves up, killing themselves and a policeman and wounding 17 other people.
    (AP, 10/6/06)
2006        Oct 6, Bolivia’s President Evo Morales fired two top mining officials after a clash between rival bands of miners over access to the country's richest tin deposit left at least 16 dead and more at least 80 injured. The 2-day clash at the Huanuni tin mine caused an estimated $2 million in damage and production losses of $200,000 per day.
    (AP, 10/7/06)(Econ, 10/14/06, p.40)
2006        Oct 6, Opposition leaders alleged that Georgia's local and regional elections were riddled with fraud, but international monitors said the balloting was conducted "with general respect for fundamental freedoms."
    (AP, 10/6/06)
2006        Oct 6, Hungarian PM Ferenc Gyurcsany convincingly won a confidence motion in parliament but a crowd of over 50,000 opposition supporters gathered in front of the building to demand he quit.
    (AP, 10/6/06)
2006        Oct 6, The Panamanian-registered Giant Step ran ashore after catching fire in rough seas off Kashima in eastern Japan, killing one crewman and injuring two others. Of the remaining crew, 13 were rescued but nine are missing.
    (AP, 10/7/06)
2006        Oct 6, In Lebanon police clashed with hundreds of rioters protesting attempts to demolish illegal housing in a southern suburb of Beirut. One person was killed and at least 16 were wounded.
    (AP, 10/6/06)
2006        Oct 6, ECOWAS leaders met for summit talks in Nigeria.
    (AP, 10/9/06)
2006        Oct 6, In southwestern Pakistan police acting on a tip raided several militant hide-outs in Quetta and arrested 48 suspected Taliban who had arrived in small groups from Afghanistan.
    (AP, 10/7/06)
2006        Oct 6, Tens of thousands of Palestinians rallied in a Gaza Strip soccer stadium in a massive show of support for the ruling Hamas group and its beleaguered government. PM Ismail Haniyeh told supporters Hamas will not recognize Israel or give in to international pressure that has crippled the Palestinian government.
    (AP, 10/6/06)
2006        Oct 6, In Sri Lanka heavy sea and land battles erupted with the military reporting the recovery of 22 bodies of Tamil rebels after a Norwegian envoy failed to secure a deal to re-launch peace talks. 49 Tamil Tiger rebels were killed in a raid by the K-faction of rebels in eastern Sri Lanka. 5 of the splinter group died in the fighting.
    (AFP, 10/6/06)(AP, 10/7/06)
2006        Oct 6, The UN refugee agency said the number of Somalis fleeing fighting to seek refuge in Kenya has risen dramatically and could stretch the capacity of aid organizations to critical levels.
    (AP, 10/6/06)
2006        Oct 6, A unanimous UN Security Council urged North Korea to abandon all atomic weapons, as it promised last year, and cancel plans to detonate a device. Japan hinted the North could face sanctions or possible military action.
    (AP, 10/6/06)
2006        Oct 6, The fledgling UN Human Rights Council ended its second session after failing to approve any decisions addressing the world's worst abuses. The 47-member council adjourned following a 3-week session. The US is not a member but is an observer. Human Rights Watch said the council, which held its first session in June and July, was a disappointing successor to the widely discredited UN Human Rights Commission.
    (AP, 10/6/06)

2006        Oct 7, The NY Yankees were eliminated from the first round of the AL playoffs, losing to Detroit 8-3 in Game 4. It was the second straight year New York lost in the opening round.
    (AP, 10/8/06)
2006        Oct 7, In Virginia the Bush family christened the USS George H.W. Bush, the nuclear-powered aircraft carrier named after the 82-year-old former president.
    (AP, 10/7/06)
2006        Oct 7, Michelle Gardner-Quinn (21), a Univ. of Vermont senior from Arlington, Va., was reported missing.  After chasing leads for nearly a week, police investigating her disappearance got a break when a group of hikers spotted a body in a rocky ravine. A suspect, Brian Rooney (36), was arrested Oct 13 on unrelated charges of sex abuse in two other Vermont counties. In 2008 Rooney was convicted of murder.
    (AP, 10/14/06)(AP, 5/22/08)
2006        Oct 7, In Colorado the new 146,000-square-foot Denver Art Museum opened to the public. It was designed by Daniel Libeskind.
    (SFC, 10/7/06, p.A1)
2006        Oct 7, Fleet Week in SF featured a waterfront parade of US and Canadian ships as well as an air show. The 2-day Hardly Strictly Bluegrass Festival opened in Golden Gate Park.
    (SFC, 10/7/06, p.B1)
2006        Oct 7, In northern Afghanistan 2 German journalists working for the country's national broadcaster and traveling on their own were killed by gunmen, the first foreign journalists murdered here since late 2001. In southern Afghanistan a NATO soldier from Canada was killed in an attack by militants who exploded a roadside bomb and fired on a military patrol. In eastern Afghanistan the US-led coalition and Afghan forces killed five suspected insurgents in a clash in Paktika province.
    (AP, 10/7/06)(Reuters, 10/7/06)
2006        Oct 7, In France the press advocacy group Reporters Without Borders and the northwest town of Bayeux unveiled a memorial to some 2,000 journalists and other media workers killed in the line of duty around the world since World War II.
    (AP, 10/7/06)
2006        Oct 7, India's army killed five militants as they tried to sneak into the Indian portion of Kashmir from Pakistan. Two soldiers were also killed in the gunbattle. The head of a man from Gund Brath village, abducted the previous day, was found on a road in nearby Sopore town. The body was recovered in a different part of the town. A note tied to the man's head that said he was beheaded because he allegedly worked as an informer for Indian security forces.
    (AP, 10/8/06)
2006        Oct 7, In northern Iraq a suicide bomber rammed a police checkpoint with an explosives-laden vehicle in Tal Afar, killing 14 people, including some who died when their homes collapsed in the blast. More than two dozen people died in violence around the country. 7 bullet-riddled bodies were found in Baghdad. In two raids in the province of Diyala, Iraqi forces killed two al-Qaida suspects and captured 40. 2 US soldiers were killed in Iraq.
    (AP, 10/7/06)(AP, 10/8/06)
2006        Oct 7, Latvians turned out in their droves to choose the 100 men and women who will make their laws for the next four years in the first general election since the Baltic state joined the EU. Latvia's PM Aigars Kalvitis pledged to continue stimulating economic growth if his centre-right government was re-elected.
    (AFP, 10/7/06)(Reuters, 10/7/06)
2006        Oct 7, Microsoft Corp. founder Bill Gates and his wife Melinda met President Olusegun Obasanjo for talks on plans to manufacture cheap software in Nigeria, fight HIV/AIDS and alleviate poverty.
    (AP, 10/8/06)
2006        Oct 7, In Poland thousands marched through the streets of Warsaw, calling for new elections and the ouster of the government after weeks of political turmoil.
    (AP, 10/7/06)
2006        Oct 7, Anna Politkovskaya, a Russian journalist, was shot to death, her body discovered in an elevator in her apartment building in Moscow. She was known for her critical coverage of the war in Chechnya. Politkovskaya, shot to death in an apparent contract killing, was about to publish a story about torture and abductions in Chechnya. In 2007 Random House published her diaries under the title: “A Russian Diary." In 2008 Russian investigators named Rustam Makhmudov (34 of Chechnya as the executor of the murder. Makhmudov was still at large. In 2008 Prosecutors charged Sergei Khadzhikurbanov, a former police officer, and 2 brothers from Chechnya, Dzhabrail and Ibragim Makhmudov, with involvement in the murder.
    (AP, 10/8/06)(Econ, 10/14/06, p.91)(Econ, 4/7/07, p.82)(WSJ, 5/13/08, p.A8)(SFC, 6/19/08, p.A9)
2006        Oct 7, In Somalia dozens of people protested against an Islamic militia that has seized much of southern Somalia, a day after the group appointed a new administration in Kismayo, the country's third largest city.
    (AP, 10/7/06)
2006        Oct 7, Sudanese soldiers crossed the border into eastern Chad to fight a group of Darfur rebels, leaving more than 300 people injured.
    (AP, 10/8/06)
2006        Oct 7, In Caracas, Venezuela, thousands marched in the biggest show of public support yet for Manuel Rosales, the main opposition presidential candidate, who pledged to undo what he called the ills of President Hugo Chavez's government.
    (AP, 10/8/06)
2006        Oct 7, In central Vietnam a boat carrying about 30 schoolchildren capsized on a river, leaving one boy dead and 18 others missing and feared dead.
    (AP, 10/8/06)

2006        Oct 8, NATO said 142 Afghan civilians, 40 Afghan security forces and 13 international troops have died in suicide attacks since January.
    (AP, 10/8/06)
2006        Oct 8-2006 Oct 9, A joint offensive by coalition and Afghan forces, backed by NATO air support, killed 30 guerrillas in one area of Deh Rawud. Another 19 were killed in an operation by the Afghan army in another part of the district.
    (AP, 10/9/06)
2006        Oct 8, In northern Argentina a bus carrying high school students home from a charity event in an impoverished community collided head-on with a truck, killing at least 12 people.
    (AP, 10/9/06)
2006        Oct 8, Early results showed the party of Belgium's PM Guy Verhofstadt giving ground to a far-right, anti-immigrant party in bellwether local elections.
    (AP, 10/8/06)
2006        Oct 8, France said it would ban smoking in public places as of Feb 1, 2007. The ban would extend to restaurants, bars and clubs at the start of 2008.
    (WSJ, 10/7/06, p.A1)
2006        Oct 8, In northern Guatemala an overcrowded passenger bus driving in heavy rain plunged off a cliff, killing at least 34 people.
    (AP, 10/9/06)
2006        Oct 8, In Hungary tens of thousands of anti-government protesters called for the ouster of the Socialist PM Ferenc Gyurcsany because of his admission on a leaked tape that he had lied to the country about the economy. A new leaked recording of a Socialist minister was broadcast, raising more questions about the government's integrity.
    (AP, 10/8/06)
2006        Oct 8, In Iran Hossein Kazemeini Boroujerdi, a popular Shiite Muslim cleric who opposes mixing religion and politics, was detained after his supporters clashed with police outside his home in the capital Tehran.
    (AP, 10/8/06)
2006        Oct 8, Iraqi and US forces clashed with Shiite militiamen in the southern city of Diwaniyah after a raid on the home of a leader of the Mahdi Army, accused of killing Sunnis. 30 militiamen were killed in the fighting. 350-400 Iraqi policemen fell sick and 3 died from poisoning at a base in southern Iraq after the evening meal breaking their daily Ramadan fast. A number of people were arrested, including the man in charge of the mess hall. Spoiled food served at the mess hall was later determined as the cause. At least 13 other violent deaths were reported nationwide, including a Shiite woman and her young daughter who were killed when gunmen opened fire on their minivan in Baqouba, northeast of Baghdad. The driver also was killed. Police found 51 bullet-riddled bodies in various parts of Baghdad during the last 24-hour period. One US soldier was killed in Tikrit by a roadside bomb.
    (AP, 10/8/06)(AFP, 10/9/06)(AP, 10/10/06)
2006        Oct 8, Israeli troops shot and killed Osama Talad (21), a Palestinian militant, during a fierce gunbattle in the Balata West Bank refugee camp.
    (AP, 10/8/06)
2006        Oct 8, Japan’s PM Shinzo Abe visited Beijing and held talks with Pres. Hu Jintao and PM Wen Jiabao. Abe said Japan and China agree that a North Korea nuclear test "cannot be tolerated" and that Pyongyang should return unconditionally to six-party negotiations on its nuclear programs.
    (AP, 10/8/06)(Econ, 10/7/06, p.29)
2006        Oct 8, Latvia's ruling coalition kept its grip on power in general elections, making it first sitting government to do so since the Baltic republic broke away from the Soviet Union 15 years ago. PM Aigars Kalvitis has said he was ready to form and lead a new, centre-right coalition government.
    (AP, 10/8/06)
2006        Oct 8, Liberia’s presidency said ECOWAS leaders, who met in Nigeria on Oct 6, had agreed for an extension of the term of office of Ivory Coast President Laurent Gbagbo by 12 months, paving the way for presidential and general elections there.
    (AP, 10/9/06)
2006        Oct 8, Nepal's government and communist rebel leaders resumed peace talks after a four-month stall, trying to resolve a dispute over whether the guerrillas should disarm.
    (AP, 10/8/06)
2006        Oct 8, North Korea performed its first-ever nuclear weapons test, setting off an underground blast in defiance of international warnings and intense diplomatic activity aimed at heading off such a move. Because of the time difference, it was Oct. 9 in North Korea.
    (AP, 10/9/06)(AP, 10/8/07)
2006        Oct 8, In Pakistan on the first anniversary of the earthquake that killed 73,000 people, the US ambassador said the US will train 30,000 teachers and build 50 schools in quake affected areas of Pakistan.
    (AP, 10/8/06)
2006        Oct 8, In the Philippines about 30 communist guerrillas attacked an international airport under construction in Silay City in Negros Occidental province, using bombs to destroy equipment and seizing guns from guards.
    (AP, 10/8/06)
2006        Oct 8, The ultranationalist Radicals, Serbia's strongest party, unanimously re-elected war crimes defendant Vojislav Seselj as their leader and vowed to protect Serbia's national interests if they take power. The Radicals top polls with around 35% support but are not strong enough to form a government alone and are very short of likely allies.
    (AP, 10/8/06)
2006        Oct 8, Authorities in northeastern Somalia repatriated more than 1,000 Ethiopians whom smugglers were preparing to take across the Gulf of Aden to the promise of jobs and a better life in the Middle East.
    (AP, 10/8/06)

2006        Oct 9, American Edmund S. Phelps won the 2006 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences for explaining the relationship between inflation and unemployment, work that has had a profound impact on macroeconomic policy.
    (AP, 10/9/06)
2006        Oct 9, The US Customs and Border Protection officials, effective today, scrapped their 11-month-old policy of seizing prescription drugs imported through the mail from Canada.
    (Reuters, 10/4/06)
2006        Oct 9, A US court has threatened to shut down the London-based Spamhaus Project, a volunteer-run antispam service, for ignoring an $11.7 million judgement against it.
    (http://tinyurl.com/p3hsm)
2006        Oct 9, Google Inc. agreed to acquire YouTube Inc., a leading video-sharing Web site founded by Chad Hurley and Steve Chen, for $1.65 billion in stock.
    (SFC, 10/10/06, p.E1)(WSJ, 10/14/06, p.B14)(Econ, 10/14/06, p.67)
2006        Oct 9, Pharmaceutical group GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) has announced a deal to buy US consumer healthcare group CNS for $566 million (449 million euros).
    (AP, 10/9/06)
2006        Oct 9, Ray Noorda, computer network pioneer and founder of Novell corp., died in Orem, Utah.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ray_Noorda)
2006        Oct 9, In eastern Afghanistan 5 people, including 3 officials on their way to investigate a school burning, were killed by a roadside bomb in Nangarhar province. 2 Taliban rebels were killed in return fire after insurgents attacked ISAF and Afghan soldiers who were distributing food in southeastern Zabul province.
    (AP, 10/10/06)(SFC, 10/10/06, p.A3)
2006        Oct 9, Cambodian PM Hun Sen began a six-day official visit to Australia that will focus on security and trade.
    (AFP, 10/9/06)
2006        Oct 9, Khaled al-Masri (43), a Kuwaiti-born German citizen, testified in a Spanish court that he was kidnapped on Dec 31, 2003, at the Serbia-Macedonia border while on vacation, tortured by US intelligence agents for 23 days, then flown by the CIA to Afghanistan where he was imprisoned and abused for five months. He was released in Albania in May 2004 after the CIA discovered they had the wrong person.
    (AP, 10/9/06)
2006        Oct 9, Christian Streiff, the head of Airbus, resigned after 99 days on the job due to clashed over operational powers with the EADS board of directors. EADS named Louis Gallois, a co-chief executive officer to replace him.
    (SFC, 10/10/06, p.E3)
2006        Oct 9, In India Jaya Jaitley, the president of the opposition Samata (Equality) Party, was charged with taking a "hefty" kickback in 2000 as part of a multi-million-dollar defense contract with a state-run Israeli company.
    (AFP, 10/10/06)
2006        Oct 9,    Kanshi Ram (b.1934), founder of India’s Bahujan Samaj Party (1984), died. The party was founded promote the interests of India’s low caste Hindus, also known as dalits, or untouchables.
    (SFC, 10/10/06, p.B7)   
2006        Oct 9, Iraqi forces arrested Sabah Ireimit al-Issawi, a high-ranking member of the al-Qaida in Iraq terror organization. Gunmen wearing military uniforms assassinated Lt. Gen. Amir al-Hashimi, a Defense Ministry adviser and the brother of Iraq's Sunni Arab vice president in his home, the third sibling the official has lost this year to the country's violence. 11 Iraqi soldiers were kidnapped in a brazen attack on a checkpoint in Sadr City. Iraqi and US troops killed at least nine fighters in clashes with the Mahdi Army, Iraq's most powerful Shiite militia, in the southern city of Diwaniya, the second straight day of battles there. Gunmen killed police Lt. Col. Salih al-Karkhi in the Diyala capital of Baqouba. In west Baghdad, two security guards at a municipal building were killed by unidentified gunmen. In the northern town of Tal Afar, a suicide car bomber slammed into a police checkpoint, killing one policeman. One US soldier was killed on patrol in Baghdad. 3 US Marines died from enemy action in Anbar province.
    (AP, 10/9/06)(AP, 10/10/06)
2006        Oct 9, North Korea faced united global condemnation and calls for harsh sanctions after it announced it had detonated an atomic weapon in an underground test. Russia's defense minister said the nuclear test was equivalent to 5,000 tons to 15,000 tons of TNT. The US pushed for sanctions on North Korea following its nuclear test.
    (AP, 10/9/06)(SFC, 10/10/06, p.A1)
2006        Oct 9, Panamanian authorities said they suspect a medicine taken to treat high blood pressure may be among the factors leading to the deaths of 21 people since July who have succumbed to a mysterious illness that triggers kidney failure. Panama's health minister stopped sales of the medication, Lisinopril Normon, on Oct 6 and began removing it from pharmacy shelves. About 9,000 Panamanians were taking the medicine. Total deaths eventually reached at least 116 from contaminated medications [see Oct 18].
    (AP, 10/9/06)(AP, 5/10/08)
2006        Oct 9, Somali government troops with Ethiopian help recaptured Burhakaba. The Islamic militia that has seized much southern Somalia declared a holy war against Ethiopia accusing its neighbor of deploying thousands of troops to prop up the weak UN-backed government.
    (SFC, 10/10/06, p.A3)(Econ, 10/14/06, p.49)
2006        Oct 9, Russia’s Gazprom said it would develop the giant Shtokman natural gas field in the Barents Sea alone and that it would send most of the gas by pipeline to Europe. An earlier plan called for shipping most of the gas in liquefied form to the US.
    (WSJ, 10/10/06, p.A3)
2006        Oct 9, In Russia an apartment building partially collapsed in the city of Vyborg near the Finnish border. 7 bodies were later found in the rubble.
    (AP, 10/11/06)
2006        Oct 9, Thailand's king approved a post-coup Cabinet lineup, ushering in an interim government expected to rule the country for one year until the next elections are held.
    (AP, 10/9/06)
2006        Oct 9, Turkey called on the EU to oppose French legislation that would outlaw denials that World War I-era killings of Armenians amounted to genocide.
    (AP, 10/9/06)
2006        Oct 9, The UN Security Council officially nominated South Korean Foreign Minister Ban Ki-Moon to be the next UN secretary-general.
    (AP, 10/9/06)
2006        Oct 9, In Venezuela spending exceeded gains from oil sales and the government expected to see a deficit for the year of 4.3% of GDP.
    (WSJ, 10/10/06, p.A6)

2006        Oct 10, The Bush administration rejected anew direct talks with North Korea in the wake of the communist country's nuclear test, and suggested it was possible the test was something less than it appeared.
    (AP, 10/10/07)
2006        Oct 10, The Diocese of Davenport, Iowa, became the 4th Catholic diocese in the US to file for bankruptcy amid the clergy abuse scandal, following the Archdiocese of Portland, Oregon, and the dioceses of Tucson, Arizona and Spokane, Washington. Since 2004, the Diocese of Davenport has paid more than $10.5 million to resolve dozens of claims filed against priests, including a $9 million settlement reached with 37 victims. The lawsuits accused 11 priests of sexually assaulting children since the 1950s and blamed church leaders for covering it up. The cost of the Catholic sex abuse cases nationwide has risen to about $1.5 billion since 1950, according to figures compiled from studies by the US Conference of Catholic Bishops.
    (WSJ, 10/11/06, p.A1)(http://preview.tinyurl.com/2h36vd)
2006        Oct 10, Northrup Grumman confirmed a $12.5 million contract to equip US jets with anti-missile systems.
    (SFC, 10/12/06, p.A4)
2006        Oct 10, In Afghanistan a bomb struck a police bus in Kabul, wounding more than a dozen people.
    (AP, 10/10/06)
2006        Oct 10, In Bolivia strikes and demonstrations brought La Paz to a standstill. The independent mining cooperatives said they were breaking their alliance with Pres. Morales.
    (Econ, 10/14/06, p.40)
2006        Oct 10, Britain’s Man Booker Prize was won by Indian writer Kiran Desai (35) for “The Inheritance of Loss," a cross-continental saga that moves from the Himalayas to NYC.
    (SFC, 10/11/06, p.A16)
2006        Oct 10, China, which holds the key to whether tough UN sanctions will be imposed for North Korea's nuclear test, warned its ally that the detonation would harm relations, but called on the UN to use "positive and appropriate measures."
    (AP, 10/10/06)
2006        Oct 10, Cheung Yan (49), founder and chairwoman of Chinese paper packager Nine Dragons Paper (Holdings) Ltd., topped a list of China's richest people for the first time, elbowing past two-time leader Huang Guangyu of GOME Electrical Appliances and a coterie of CEOs at old-economy government enterprises. Cheung, born in northeastern China's Heilongjiang province and now a Los Angeles native, began building her fortune in 1985, when she set up a waste-paper trading business in Hong Kong.
    (Reuters, 10/10/06)
2006        Oct 10, A World Health Organization official said Egypt has detected its first human case of the highly pathogenic H5N1 bird flu virus since May in an Egyptian woman who raised ducks from her home.
    (Reuters, 10/10/06)
2006        Oct 10, The US Embassy in Haiti said the US has partially lifted a 15-year-old arms embargo, allowing Haiti to buy weapons for police battling violent, and often better armed, street gangs.
    (AP, 10/11/06)
2006        Oct 10, India's Central Bureau of Investigations (CBI) raided the homes and offices of defense agents in five cities in connection with four separate cases of alleged illegal payoffs involving Israel, Russia and South Africa.
    (AFP, 10/10/06)
2006        Oct 10, India’s Supreme Court ordered wildlife authorities in New Delhi to catch hundreds of Rhesus macaque monkeys and relocated them thousands of miles away in the jungles of Madhya Pradesh state.
    (SFC, 10/12/06, p.A2)
2006        Oct 10, Iraq's government forged ahead with a plan aimed at ending sectarian attacks, even as a bombing in the capital killed 10 people. Officials said that all security checkpoints in Baghdad would soon be manned by an equal number of Shiite and Sunni Arab troops to ensure the security forces do not allow sectarian attacks. Officials discovered the mutilated bodes of 60 men in the last 24-hours.
    (AP, 10/10/06)
2006        Oct 10, Israeli soldiers shot and killed a Palestinian militant who infiltrated from the Gaza Strip into southern Israel wearing a bomb belt.
    (AP, 10/11/06)
2006        Oct 10, A draft UN report said smugglers in the Ivory Coast were violating a UN ban on diamond sales, illegally exporting the gems to neighboring countries for overseas sales.
    (AP, 10/10/06)
2006        Oct 10, Liberia's truth commission began taking public testimony.
    (AP, 10/11/06)
2006        Oct 10, The government of Libya reached an agreement with One Laptop per Child, an American nonprofit group, to provide inexpensive laptop computers to all of its schoolchildren. The $250 million deal would provide the nation with 1.2 million computers, a server in each school, a team of technical advisers, satellite internet service and other infrastructure.
    (AP, 10/11/06)
2006        Oct 10, Nigeria charged six people, including men from Ireland, Israel and Romania, with illegally obtaining classified defense documents. Nigerians with assault rifles overran a navy base, taking several troops hostage, and occupied a nearby oil facility belonging to a subsidiary of Royal Dutch Shell PLC.
    (AP, 10/10/06)(AP, 10/11/06)
2006        Oct 10, In Norway a charter plane caught fire and skidded off the runway while landing at Stord Airport.
    (AP, 10/10/06)
2006        Oct 10, Palestine’s militant Hamas group rejected key elements of a Qatari proposal to forge a power-sharing government with the rival Fatah group that would recognize Israel's right to exist and force militants to renounce violence.
    (AP, 10/10/06)
2006        Oct 10, In the Philippines a bomb exploded in the town of Makilala on the southern island of Mindanao during a celebration to mark the town's 52nd anniversary. 12 people were killed and at least 42 injured. 5 people were injured when a bomb planted by suspected Muslim extremists exploded in the busy market of Tacurong City.
    (AFP, 10/11/06)
2006        Oct 10, In Russia Alexander Plokhin (58), the head of a branch of a state-controlled bank, was fatally shot in Moscow, the latest in a series of apparent contract killings.
    (AP, 10/11/06)
2006        Oct 10, The Sudanese government and eastern rebels signed a power sharing agreement in the Eritrean capital Asmara after months of peace talks. Under Eritrean mediation, Khartoum and the Eastern Front signed a ceasefire agreement on June 19 and pledged to work for a comprehensive settlement of their dispute.
    (AFP, 10/10/06)
2006        Oct 10, The World Food Program (WFP) said nearly a quarter of a million people in Sudan's Darfur region cannot access U.N. food rations due to fighting.
    (AP, 10/10/06)
2006        Oct 10, Tens of thousands of protesters, many dressed in red to show their anger, demanded that Taiwan's president step down over a series of corruption allegations.
    (AP, 10/10/06)
2006        Oct 10, Vietnam's communist party chief Nong Duc Manh arrived in Laos at the start of a four-day visit in a country where Vietnam still exerts considerable influence.
    (AFP, 10/10/06)

2006        Oct 11, The charge of treason was used for the first time in the US war on terrorism, filed against Adam Yehiye Gadahn, who'd appeared in propaganda videos for al-Qaida.
    (AP, 10/11/07)
2006        Oct 11, In Chicago businessman Antoin Rezko (51), top advisor and fund-raiser for Illinois Gov. Rod Blagojevich, was indicted for scheming to collect kickbacks from companies doing business with the state. The fraud scheme included political contributor Stuart Levine and other insiders.
    (SFC, 10/12/06, p.A4)
2006        Oct 11, Top executives of Cnet Networks and McAfee Inc. were ousted over their involvement in the widening stock-options backdating scandal.
    (SFC, 10/12/06, p.A1)
2006        Oct 11, The US FDA approved Avastin, made by Genentech, to help fight lung cancer.
    (SFC, 10/12/06, p.C1)
2006        Oct 11, A small plane, carrying New York Yankees pitcher Cory Lidle (b.1972) and instructor Tyler Stanger, crashed into a 50-story condominium tower on Manhattan's Upper East Side killing both men. It was not clear who was at the controls.
    (AP, 10/12/06)(SFC, 10/13/06, p.A12)
2006        Oct 11, Ruth Kelly, British communities minister said the government will now fund only those Muslim organizations that fight extremism and defend national values as part of a "fundamental" shift toward such groups.
    (AFP, 10/11/06)
2006        Oct 11, China’s 347 central committee members ended a 4-day annual meeting. They charted a course to repair some of the social and environmental damage left by more than 2 decades of economic growth and approved a document on building a harmonious China by 2020.
    (WSJ, 10/12/06, p.A8)(Econ, 10/21/06, p.51)
2006        Oct 11, Amnesty International said at least 11,000 children in Congo are still in the hands of armed groups or unaccounted for three years after the end of a war in which they were captured and forced to fight.
    (AP, 10/11/06)
2006        Oct 11, Benito Martinez Abrogan (120), Haitian-born Cuban laborer, died. His birthdate was uncertain, but it was believed that he was the oldest man in the world.
    (Econ, 10/21/06, p.97)
2006        Oct 11, In the Dominican Republic Resort tycoon Howard "Butch" Kerzner was killed along with three others when a helicopter they were traveling in crashed into a building on the north coast.
    (AP, 10/12/06)
2006        Oct 11, In northeastern France a passenger train collided with an oncoming freight train, killing at least five people and injuring 16.
    (AP, 10/11/06)
2006        Oct 11, India’s PM Manmohan Singh received an honorary law doctorate from the elite University of Cambridge. The doctorate was conferred on him by Prince Philip.
    (AFP, 10/11/06)
2006        Oct 11, Indonesia apologized to Singapore and Malaysia for the choking haze over both countries and agreed to convene a meeting of regional environment ministers to tackle the problem. This was the worst smog since 1997 and 1998, when tens of thousands of people were hospitalized.
    (AP, 10/11/06)(Econ, 10/14/06, p.47)
2006        Oct 11, The Shiite-dominated parliament passed a law allowing the formation of federal regions in Iraq, despite opposition from Sunni lawmakers and some Shiites who say it will dismember the country and fuel sectarian violence. A controversial new study said nearly 655,000 Iraqis have died because of the war, suggesting a far higher death toll than other estimates. More than 2,660 Iraqi civilians were killed in the capital in September according to figures from the Iraqi Health Ministry. Insurgents hit an ammunition dump on a US base in Baghdad with a mortar round, setting off fiery explosions through the night that shook buildings miles away. Renewed attacks killed at least 14 people, primarily in Baghdad.
    (AP, 10/11/06)
2006        Oct 11, Israeli forces killed Abdullah Mansour (31), a militant in the Al Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades, in the course of an overnight arrest raid.
    (AP, 10/11/06)
2006        Oct 11, Israel inaugurated its first horse racetrack.
    (AP, 10/11/06)
2006        Oct 11, Edmund Daukoru, Nigerian oil minister and OPEC president, said OPEC has agreed to trim global oil production by 1 million barrels a day to boost prices, and its members were discussing how to share the cut. Nigerian security sources said armed youths have released dozens of Nigerian employees of the oil company Shell and its subcontractors, but around 15 workers were still being held at a flow station in the restive Niger Delta.
    (AP, 10/11/06)(AFP, 10/11/06)
2006        Oct 11, North Korea threatened more nuclear tests saying additional sanctions imposed on it would be considered an act of war. Japan imposed a total ban on North Korean imports and said ships from the impoverished nation were prohibited from entering Japanese ports as punishment for its apparent nuclear test.
    (AP, 10/11/06)
2006        Oct 11, In Sri Lanka 72 army troops, including eight officers, were killed and 515 wounded in fighting in the northern peninsula of Jaffna. The army claimed 200 rebels were killed, a figure dismissed by the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE). The Tigers said only 10 of its fighters were killed. The government toll reached 129 in the country’s worst battle since 2002.
    (AP, 10/12/06)(WSJ, 10/13/06, p.A1)

2006        Oct 12, The United States introduced a draft resolution in the UN Security Council to punish North Korea for its nuclear test.
    (AP, 10/12/07)
2006        Oct 12, America's trade deficit hit an all-time high, $69.9 billion for August, as record imports of oil swamped a solid gain in US exports. The politically sensitive deficit with China set a record, a point that Democrats are sure to use in attacking President Bush's trade policies in the closing weeks of the battle for Congress.
    (AP, 10/12/06)
2006        Oct 12, It was reported that Coke planned to introduce its new drink Evigna, a green-tea based soft drink, in November with claims that it could help burn off calories.
    (WSJ, 10/12/06, p.B1)
2006        Oct 12, A blast occurred when a tugboat pushing two barges hit an undersea pipeline in West Cote Blanche Bay, 100 miles southwest of New Orleans. 4 bodies were found and 2 people were missing.
    (WSJ, 10/13/06, p.A1)(AP, 10/13/06)
2006        Oct 12, In eastern Afghanistan a suicide bomber struck a vehicle carrying Afghan soldiers, wounding 16 people. A car bomb targeting a US patrol wounded three civilians. An Afghan soldier was killed in a separate ambush. NATO-led forces and Afghan troops clashed with suspected Taliban militants in southern Afghanistan, leaving as many as 20 suspected insurgents dead.
    (AP, 10/12/06)(AP, 10/13/06)
2006        Oct 12, More than 100 wildfires raged across Australia, sending firefighters scrambling to protect homes and farmland.
    (AP, 10/12/06)
2006        Oct 12, Dhiran Barot (32), a British man arrested in August, 2004, pleaded guilty to conspiring to bomb high-profile targets in the US including the International Monetary Fund headquarters in Washington and the New York Stock Exchange.
    (AP, 10/12/06)
2006        Oct 12, In Colombia hundreds of Bari Indians, most clad in loincloths and carrying bows and arrows, came down from the hills in their first march ever to demand that the state-owned oil company stop drilling on sacred land abutting their reservation.
    (AP, 10/12/06)
2006        Oct 12, Scientists said a mouse living in the Troodos Mountains of western Cyprus, that predates the arrival of man, represents a new species, Mus cypriacus.
    (SFC, 10/13/06, p.A13)
2006        Oct 12, French lawmakers approved a bill making it a crime to deny that the 1915-1919 mass killings of Armenians in Turkey amounted to genocide. It was thought unlikely that Jacques Chirac’s government would forward the bill to the Senate.
    (AP, 10/12/06)(SFC, 10/13/06, p.A21)
2006        Oct 12, Georgia blocked the next round of talks on Russia's bid to join the World Trade Organization in retaliation for Moscow's blockade of its small southern neighbor.
    (AP, 10/12/06)
2006        Oct 12, Gunmen stormed the headquarters of a new Sunni Arab satellite television station, killing the board chairman and 10 others, the second attack on an Iraqi station in the capital in as many weeks.
    (AP, 10/12/06)
2006        Oct 12, An Israeli drone fired two missiles at a crowd of Palestinians in a pre-dawn in the Gaza Strip, killing at least 3 Hamas militants and 3 bystanders including a father and his 13-year-old son. An Israeli airstrike targeting the home of Ashraf Farwana, a senior Hamas militant, killed his brother and a 2-year-old girl.
    (AP, 10/12/06)(SFC, 10/13/06, p.A17)
2006        Oct 12, In Italy the government of Romano Prodi approved a bill to erode the near-monopoly over private television exercised by Silvio Berlusconi, who controls 3 of the country’s 4 main private channels.
    (Econ, 10/21/06, p.61)
2006        Oct 12, Gillo Pontecorvo (b.1919), Italian filmmaker, died in Rome at age 86. He directed the black-and-white classic "The Battle of Algiers" (1966).
    (AP, 10/13/06)
2006        Oct 12, Madonna and her husband took custody of a motherless 1-year-old boy in Malawi after a judge granted her an 18-month interim order to take David Banda out of the country. The next day Madonna jetted out of Malawi, leaving behind the 13-month-old boy she planned to adopt. The swift granting of the interim order angered some rights groups which called upon the Malawian government to put the order on hold in the interests of the child's future. Banda left Malawi on a small private jet Oct16.
    (SFC, 10/13/06, p.E15)(AFP, 10/13/06)(Reuters, 10/16/06)
2006        Oct 12, Turkish novelist Orhan Pamuk won the Nobel literature prize for his works dealing with the symbols of clashing cultures. His uncommon lyrical gifts and uncompromising politics have brought him acclaim worldwide and prosecution at home.
    (AP, 10/12/06)
2006        Oct 12, The UN said it has temporarily pulled international staff out of parts of Somalia controlled by Islamic radicals after receiving written threats.
    (AP, 10/12/06)
2006        Oct 12, In Vietnam the Lao Dong (Labor) newspaper quoted a police doctor as saying tests in September confirmed that Nguyen Thi Oanh (39), a convicted heroin trafficker, was then 11 weeks pregnant. The death row inmate had been held in solitary confinement for almost a year.
    (Reuters, 10/12/06)

2006        Oct 13, President Bush signed a law imposing sanctions against people responsible for genocide and war crimes in Sudan. He also signed the Security and Accountability For Every Port Act. It contained language barring the electronic settling of gambling debts, the Unlawful Internet Gaming Enforcement Act (UIGEA).
    (Reuters, 10/13/06)(WSJ, 10/14/06, p.A1)(Econ, 7/10/10, SR p.7)
2006        Oct 13, Ohio Representative Bob Ney pleaded guilty in a federal court to conspiracy and making false statements as part of the Jack Abramoff lobbying scandal.
    (AP, 10/13/06)
2006        Oct 13, Air America Radio, a liberal talk radio network founded in 2004, filed for Chapter 11 Bankruptcy.
    (SFC, 10/14/06, p.A2)
2006        Oct 13, A jury in Philadelphia said US retail giant Wal-Mart must pay 78 million dollars for violating labor laws in Pennsylvania.
    (SFC, 10/14/06, p.C1)
2006        Oct 13, In New York a record-breaking early snowstorm walloped the Buffalo area, leaving thousands without power and 12 people left dead.
    (AP, 10/14/06)(WSJ, 10/19/06, p.A1)
2006        Oct 13, In St. Lucie County, Florida, 4 people, two of them young children, were found shot to death along an isolated stretch of Florida's Turnpike with obvious tire tracks nearby. In 2009 Daniel Troya (26) and co-defendant Ricardo Sanchez Jr. (25) received the death sentence for the slayings.
    (AP, 10/13/06)(AP, 5/14/09)
2006        Oct 13, In southern Afghanistan a suicide car bomber targeted a NATO convoy, killing a NATO soldier and eight civilians.
    (AP, 10/13/06)
2006        Oct 13, Bangladeshi economist Muhammad Yunus and the Grameen Bank he founded won the Nobel Peace Prize for their pioneering use of tiny, seemingly insignificant loans, microcredit, to lift millions out of poverty.
    (AP, 10/13/06)
2006        Oct 13, In Brazil a small private plane with six people aboard went missing after losing contact with air traffic controllers in Vitoria.
    (AP, 10/14/06)
2006        Oct 13, A British coroner ruled that US forces unlawfully killed Terry Lloyd (50), a veteran reporter for the British television network ITN, in the opening days of the Iraq war. He was shot in the back by Iraqi troops who overtook his car, then died after US fire hit a civilian minivan being used as an ambulance and struck him in the head.
    (AP, 10/13/06)
2006        Oct 13, In Britain the chief of staff to the Democratic Republic of Congo's President Joseph Kabila was assaulted and robbed in northwest London while waiting to appear on a television program. Leonard She Okitundu was attacked by a gang who beat him around the head and body with a baseball bat, stripped him of his clothes, and posted pictures of them on the Internet. Okitundu said his attackers shouted that he was working for the Rwandans, and that they would kill anyone who obstructed Bemba.
    (AFP, 10/13/06)
2006        Oct 13, The WHO said it has confirmed an outbreak of plague in the Democratic Republic of Congo, with 42 deaths reported among 626 suspected cases over the past 10 weeks.
    (Reuters, 10/13/06)
2006        Oct 13, The EU condemned a French bill making it a crime to deny that the World War I-era killing of Armenians in Turkey was genocide, calling it unhelpful at a critical stage in the Muslim country's EU entry talks.
    (AP, 10/14/06)
2006        Oct 13, EU and Indian leaders agreed to boost cooperation in fighting terrorism, particularly by focusing on improving the flow of intelligence.
    (AP, 10/13/06)
2006        Oct 13, The French state rail network said some 1,200 claims for compensation have been leveled against the rail network for its role in helping transport people to Nazi camps during World War II.
    (AP, 10/13/06)
2006        Oct 13, An Indonesia a woman (27) died from bird flu. 2 more deaths from the virus in the next 2 days brought the nation's toll to 55.
    (AP, 10/17/06)
2006        Oct 13, At least 15 people were killed in attacks around Iraq, including the commander of a battalion of special Interior Ministry police and six women and two girls who were shot south of Baghdad near Suwayrah. Police found the corpses of 21 murder victims in Duluiyah many of them riddled with bullets and showing signs of torture. Gunmen attacked a farmhouse in Saifiyah and killed an entire family, including five women and three children, in an attack apparently motivated by sectarian hatred. A US soldier was killed in a roadside bombing southwest of Baghdad.
    (AP, 10/13/06)(AFP, 10/14/06)(AP, 10/14/06)(AP, 10/15/06)
2006        Oct 13, Israeli forces killed at least four people in a series of attacks throughout the Gaza Strip. The deaths brought to 13 the number of Palestinians killed by the military in Gaza since the army launched its latest ground incursion early on Oct 12.
    (AFP, 10/13/06)
2006        Oct 13, Italy’s Economy Minister Tommaso Padoa-Schioppa said tax evasion is a "disease which exists in all countries, but in Italy it is an epidemic." The next day 2005 data on tax returns by the self-employed, among whom evasion is considered particularly rife, made front page news in most of newspapers.
    (AP, 10/14/06)
2006        Oct 13, An Ivory Coast Health Ministry spokesman said the number of people who have died following the dumping of toxic waste around Abidjan has risen to 10.
    (AP, 10/13/06)
2006        Oct 13, Fire broke out at Lithuania's only oil refinery, causing millions of dollars in damage and forcing the evacuation of all its workers. No injuries were reported.
    (AP, 10/13/06)
2006        Oct 13, Pakistan’s Interior Minister Aftab Sherpao said security forces had arrested 8 militants with suspected links to Al-Qaeda for an attempted rocket blitz in and around Islamabad. Authorities also seized rockets, grenades, explosives and hundreds of sniper rifle rounds in the arrests at undisclosed locations.
    (AFP, 10/13/06)
2006        Oct 13, In Peru Shining Path founder Abimael Guzman, whose messianic communist vision inspired a 12-year rebellion that cost nearly 70,000 lives, was found guilty of aggravated terrorism and sentenced to life in prison.
    (AP, 10/14/06)
2006        Oct 13, Russia's Vladimir Kramnik became the first universally recognized world chess champion since 1993, winning a series of timed, tiebreaking games over Bulgaria's Veselin Topalov to take a tournament that reunified the title.
    (AP, 10/13/06)
2006        Oct 13, A Russian court shut down the Russian-Chechen Friendship Society, a human rights group that has exposed abuses against civilians in Chechnya. Director Stanislav Dmitriyevsky denounced the ruling as part of an effort to silence critics of the government's conduct in the violence-torn region.
    (AP, 10/13/06)
2006        Oct 13, Somalia's Islamic radicals repulsed an attack by pro-government forces to recapture Kismayo, a vital seaport. Islamic radicals carried out their second public execution in less than a month amid fears of increasing extremist violence. Mahad Osman Ugas (23) was executed by a six-man firing squad as several thousand people watched. A jury convicted him of killing a businessman while trying to steal the man's cell phone.
    (AP, 10/13/06)(AP, 10/14/06)
2006        Oct 13, The UN General Assembly appointed South Korean Foreign Minister Ban Ki-moon as the next UN secretary-general. The veteran diplomat who grew up during a war that divided his country pledged to make peace with North Korea a top priority.
    (AP, 10/13/06)
2006        Oct 13, Pope Benedict XVI met privately with the Dalai Lama, the spiritual leader of Tibet, but the Vatican released no details of the low-key visit that was not even listed on the pontiff's official calendar.
    (AP, 10/13/06)

2006        Oct 14, Pres. Bush dedicated the new $30 million US Air Force Memorial in Arlington, Va. The memorial, designed to evoke the “bomb-burst maneuver of the Thunderbirds, was the last major work of architect James Ingo Freed (d.2005).
    (SSFC, 10/15/06, p.A16)
2006        Oct 14, The Detroit Tigers won the American League baseball pennant race in 4 games over Oakland, Ca.
    (SSFC, 10/15/06, p.A1)
2006        Oct 14, Freddy Fender (b.1937), Tex-Mex singer born as Baldemar Huerta, died in San Benito, Texas. His hit songs included “Wasted Days and Wasted Nights" and “Before the Next Teardrop Falls" (1975).
    (SFC, 10/16/06, p.B6)
2006        Oct 14, Former US Rep. Gerry Studds (69) died at Boston Medical Center, several days after he collapsed while walking his dog. He was the first openly gay person elected to Congress (1972-1997).
    (AP, 10/14/06)
2006        Oct 14, In Bonaparte, Iowa, Shawn Bentler (22) killed his parents and 3 sisters (14,15,17) at their home.
    (SFC, 10/16/06, p.A13)(AP, 10/14/07)
2006        Oct 14, In southern Afghanistan Gabriele Torsello, an Italian freelance photographer, and his Afghan translator were abducted were abducted by five armed men. In eastern Afghanistan a roadside bomb exploded outside a provincial governor's compound. The governor was not hurt but another official was killed.
    (AP, 10/14/06)(AP, 10/15/06)
2006        Oct 14, French leader Jacques Chirac told Turkish PM Tayyip Erdogan he is sorry French lawmakers approved a bill making it a crime to deny Armenians were victims of genocide at the hands of Ottoman Turks.
    (Reuters, 10/15/06)
2006        Oct 14, in southwestern Germany 2 female US soldiers died after they were hit by a train at Neckarsteinach station, east of Heidelberg.
    (AP, 10/15/06)
2006        Oct 14, Thousands of low-caste Hindus converted to Buddhism and Christianity on in protest against new laws in several Indian states that make such changes of religion difficult.
    (Reuters, 10/14/06)
2006        Oct 14, A spokesman said the ministry in charge of Iraq's police force will change top commanders and has already fired some 3,000 employees accused of corruption or rights abuses. Suspected Shiite militiamen killed at least 27 Sunni Arabs in Balad in apparent retaliation for the slayings of 17 Shiites, whose decapitated bodies were found in an orchard on the town's outskirts a day earlier. South of Baghdad three women and four men were killed in drive-by shootings in the predominantly Shiite village of Wahda. A US Marine was killed in combat in Anbar province. 3 US soldiers died in a roadside bombing south of Baghdad.
    (AP, 10/14/06)(AFP, 10/14/06)(AP, 10/15/06)(SSFC, 10/15/06, p.A20)
2006        Oct 14, Israeli troops killed six Palestinian gunmen in airstrikes in the Gaza Strip and set up a makeshift detention center just outside the territory.
    (AP, 10/14/06)
2006        Oct 14, Two Italian tourists, freed in Libya after being kidnapped in August in Niger, denounced their captors as bandits and said they were mistreated during their ordeal.
    (AP, 10/14/06)
2006        Oct 14, The UN election chief in Ivory Coast said the war-divided nation's long-delayed vote would be postponed for another year and should be held before October 2007.
    (AP, 10/14/06)
2006        Oct 14, In Mexico at least one man opened fire on protesters manning a roadblock in Oaxaca paralyzed by months of conflict, killing one demonstrator and wounding another.
    (AP, 10/15/06)
2006        Oct 14, In northwestern Spain vandals freed over 15,000 minks from breeding farms.
    (SFC, 10/16/06, p.A3)
2006        Oct 14, The Sudanese government signed a peace deal with a group of rebels from eastern Sudan, ending a deadly strife that has been overshadowed by the conflict in the country's western Darfur region.
    (AP, 10/14/06)
2006        Oct 14, Maria Borelius, Sweden's trade minister, resigned over allegations of tax evasion after just one week in office, saying media pressure has made her life impossible.
    (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/6051220.stm)
2006        Oct 14, Thailand's military-installed premier Surayud Chulanont visited Vientiane on the first stop of a weekend tour aimed at reassuring neighbors Laos and Cambodia that Bangkok won't pull any more surprises.
    (AFP, 10/14/06)
2006        Oct 14, Ukrainian nationalist fighters who battled both Soviet and Nazi forces during World War II rallied in their country's capital, demanding the same financial and moral recognition as Red Army veterans.
    (AP, 10/14/06)
2006        Oct 14, The UN Security Council gave unanimous approval to sanctions against North Korea for its purported nuclear test. The US-sponsored resolution demanded that North Korea eliminate nuclear weapons, but expressly rules out military action against the country.
    (AP, 10/15/06)

2006        Oct 15, Three members of Duke University's lacrosse team appeared on CBS' "60 Minutes" to deny raping a woman who had been hired to perform as a stripper. Collin Finnerty, Reade Seligmann and David Evans were later exonerated.
    (AP, 10/15/07)
2006        Oct 15, UnitedHealth Group said CEO Dr. William McGuire agreed to leave the company by Dec 1 due to illegal stock option practices. His walk away package was estimated at $1.1 billion.
    (SFC, 10/16/06, p.A13)(WSJ, 10/17/06, p.B1)
2006        Oct 15, A 6.7-magnitude quake hit Hawaii’s Big Island at 7:07 am, followed by aftershocks. It caused blackouts and landslides but no reported fatalities. Structural damages on the Big Island were later estimated at $100 million.
    (AP, 10/16/06)(SSFC, 10/22/06, p.G2)
2006        Oct 15, Algerian Energy Minister Chehib Khelil said that the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries will announce a 1 million barrel a day cut in crude production during a meeting in Qatar.
    (AP, 10/15/06)
2006        Oct 15, Foreign Minister Alexander Downer said Australia would cut ministerial contacts with its northern neighbor until an investigation was held into the escape from Papua New Guinea of a Solomon Islands official wanted on child sex charges. Julian Moti, now in custody in the Solomons and facing charges of illegal entry, was wanted in Australia on child sex charges involving a 13-year-old girl in Vanuatu in 1997. Moti was deported to Australia in 2007. His case was thrown out in December after the court found that Australian officials had colluded in his illegal deportation.
    (AFP, 10/15/06)(Econ, 10/28/06, p.51)(Econ, 5/19/12, p.49)
2006        Oct 15, Salah Abdulrahim al Blooshi, a former detainee in the US prison at Guantanamo Bay, returned home to Bahrain after being held for five years. Two other Bahrain nationals remain in custody at Guantanamo Bay, where the US holds about 450 men on suspicion of links to al-Qaida or the Taliban.
    (AP, 10/15/06)
2006        Oct 15, Ecuador held presidential elections. The favorite was Rafael Correa (43), a leftist pledging to lead a "citizens' revolution" against a political establishment widely seen as corrupt and incompetent. He faced a strong challenge from Alvaro Noboa, a banana billionaire who also pushed a populist line. The elections headed to a 2nd round after Alvaro Noboa, who favored strong relations with the US, narrowly defeated Rafael Correa in the first round. A Nov 26 runoff had been expected as none of the 13 candidates appeared likely to win outright.
    (AP, 10/14/06)(AP, 10/16/06)(Econ, 10/14/06, p.39)
2006        Oct 15, At least 83 people were killed during a two-day spree of sectarian revenge killings. Suspected Shiite militiamen killed at least 20 more Sunni Arabs in Balad. A string of bombings in Kirkuk killed 10 people, including two girls who died when a man detonated explosives strapped to his body in front of the al-Mallimin girls high school. In Baghdad Interior Ministry undersecretary Hala Shakir Salim survived a roadside bomb attack that killed seven others, four bystanders and three bodyguards. A husband, wife and two of their sons were killed, and two daughters-in-law critically wounded when gunmen burst into their home in Mosul. Two US soldiers were killed and two other American soldiers were wounded on after coming under fire in the province of Kirkuk.
    (AP, 10/15/06)(Reuters, 10/16/06)
2006        Oct 15, In Lebanon a small grenade exploded after it was fired at a building near UN offices in a downtown Beirut square injuring four people.
    (AP, 10/15/06)
2006        Oct 15, Mexican authorities arrested a soldier accused of opening fire on a street barricade in Oaxaca, killing one demonstrator and wounding another. Elections in Mexico’s Tabasco state showed Andres Rafael Granier of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) defeating Democratic Revolution candidate Cesar Raul Ojeda by 10 points. The next day the PRD accused its rivals of fraud.
    (AP, 10/15/06)(AP, 10/16/06)
2006        Oct 15, Sri Lanka's navy sank a rebel boat loaded with arms along the west coast, killing at least five Tamil Tiger separatists.
    (AP, 10/15/06)
2006        Oct 15, Uganda's government and the Lord's Resistance Army rebel group admitted Sunday they had both violated their recent truce, raising fears the deal to end one of Africa's longest wars may unravel.
    (AP, 10/15/06)
2006        Oct 15, Pope Benedict XVI gave Catholics four news saints, bestowing the honor on a 19th-century nun who struggled on the American frontier, a bishop who tended to the wounded during the Mexican Revolution and two Italian clergy.
    (AP, 10/15/06)

2006        Oct 16, President Bush personally assured Iraqi PM Nouri al-Maliki by phone that he had set no timetable for pulling troops out of Iraq.
    (AP, 10/16/07)
2006        Oct 16, A lawyer said Lester Crawford, former US Food and Drug Administration Commissioner who resigned last year, will plead guilty to two counts of misdemeanor over his ownership of stock in companies regulated by the agency.
    (Reuters, 10/16/06)
2006        Oct 16, Lynne Stewart, a firebrand civil rights lawyer, was sentenced in New York to 28 months in prison for helping an imprisoned terrorist sheik communicate with his followers on the outside.
    (AP, 10/16/07)
2006        Oct 16, The US Defense Dept. said that it would resume mandatory anthrax immunizations for military personnel serving in Iraq, Afghanistan and South Korea.
    (SFC, 10/17/06, p.A11)
2006        Oct 16, California’s Gov. Schwarzenegger announced that he was planning to set up an emissions-trading scheme between California and other states to try to curb the output of greenhouse gases.
    (Econ, 10/21/06, p.14)
2006        Oct 16, In southeast Texas heavy rains and a tornado left 3 people dead.
    (WSJ, 10/17/06, p.A1)
2006        Oct 16, Suicide bombers struck in Afghanistan's two main cities, killing three civilians and wounding six. Elsewhere, seven suspected militants died in fighting with coalition and NATO forces.
    (AP, 10/16/06)
2006        Oct 16, Australia said it will ban North Korean ships from entering its ports, toughening its response to the North's reported nuclear test.
    (AP, 10/16/06)
2006        Oct 16, Queen Elizabeth II kicked off her first-ever visit to the Baltic states as Lithuania’s PM Gediminas Kirkilas welcomed the British monarch to the northern European region.
    (AP, 10/16/06)
2006        Oct 16, The biggest underwater gas pipeline in the world, transporting gas from Norway 750 miles (1,200 kilometers) under the North Sea to Britain, was officially opened by PM Tony Blair and PM Jens Stoltenberg. Construction of the pipeline by Norwegian firm Hydro began in 2004. The Langeled pipeline is expected to supply one fifth of Britain's total gas requirements in the coming decades.
    (AP, 10/16/06)
2006        Oct 16, In northern China a fire in a coal mine trapped 28 miners.
    (AP, 10/16/06)
2006        Oct 16, A US-based rights group accused soldiers in Congo's postwar, national-unity army of abducting civilians and forcing them to serve as personal attendants and mine workers in the troubled Central African country.
    (AP, 10/16/06)
2006        Oct 16, In Costa Rica several operators of Internet gambling sites known as "sportsbooks" say their businesses will not be significantly affected by a new US law prohibiting bank and credit card payments to the sites.
    (AP, 10/16/06)
2006        Oct 16, Egypt's President Hosni Mubarak and Libyan leader Moamer Kadhafi held talks on how to resolve the Darfur crisis in Sudan without intervention from outside Africa.
    (AFP, 10/16/06)
2006        Oct 16, The UN accused Eritrea of moving 1,500 troops and 14 tanks into a buffer zone established after a 2 1/2-year border war with Ethiopia in "a major breach" of a cease-fire agreement reached in 2000.
    (AP, 10/16/06)
2006        Oct 16, Guatemala topped Venezuela in the first round of voting for a UN Security Council seat, but it failed to get the necessary two-thirds majority to win a two-year term on the decision-making body. The 192-nation General Assembly elected South Africa, Indonesia, Italy and Belgium for the four other open seats in a secret ballot. 10 rounds of voting failed to anoint a winner to fill the spot reserved for Latin America.
    (AP, 10/16/06)(AP, 10/17/06)
2006        Oct 16, In central Indonesia an unidentified gunman killed a Christian priest, where religious tensions have been mounting since the executions last month of three Roman Catholic militants.
    (AP, 10/16/06)
2006        Oct 16, Saddam Hussein issued an open letter, saying Iraq's "liberation is at hand" and calling for an end to sectarian killings. The brother of the prosecutor in his genocide trial was shot to death at home, the latest death linked to proceedings against the deposed leader. Unidentified gunmen in police uniforms hijacked 13 civilian cars and abducted their occupants at a checkpoint outside Balad after the post had shut down for the night. Sunnis fleeing Balad across the Tigris River to Duluiyah said Shiite police in the city had teamed up with death squads who killed at least 74 Sunnis. A pair of roadside bombs exploded near a bank in central Baghdad, killing a policeman, while the bullet-riddled bodies of eight men were found dumped around the Iraqi capital overnight. Across Iraq bombings and shootings killed at least 32 people, including 10 who died in shootings in the predominantly Shiite city of Basra. In Karmah a roadside bomb killed five Iraqi soldiers as their convoy passed through the town. Gunmen stormed into the house of a Shiite family in Balad Ruz, 45 miles northeast of Baghdad before dawn, killing the mother and four adult sons and injuring the father. 708 Iraqis have been reported killed in war-related violence this month, or more than 44 a day.
    (AP, 10/16/06)(AP, 10/17/06)
2006        Oct 16, Cocoa farmers across Ivory Coast went on strike, holding back their crops to protest low retail prices and high export taxes in a move that could affect the world market.
    (AP, 10/16/06)
2006        Oct 16, In Moldova an appeals court overturned a guilty verdict against the former defense minister, clearing him of charges he sold 21 fighter planes too cheaply to the US. Valeriu Pasat, who was defense minister from 1997 to 1999 and head of the country's spy services from 1999 to 2002, claimed the case against him was politically motivated because of his support for a movement opposed to Communist President Vladimir Voronin.
    (AP, 10/16/06)
2006        Oct 16, In central Myanmar Thet Win Aung (34), who had been serving a 59-year sentence since 1998 after protesting for educational reform, died in jail.
    (AP, 10/18/06)
2006        Oct 16, In Nigeria legislators in southwest Ekiti state voted to remove Gov. Ayo Fayose on after finding him guilty of siphoning state funds into personal bank accounts and receiving kickbacks.
    (AP, 10/19/06)
2006        Oct 16, Eight Pakistanis released from US detention facilities in Afghanistan and Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, returned home.
    (AP, 10/16/06)
2006        Oct 16, In Peru former President Valentin Paniagua (69) died. The unassuming former law professor shepherded Peru back to democracy as interim president following the 2000 collapse of Alberto Fujimori's autocratic regime. Paniagua governed Peru from November 2000 to July 2001.
    (AP, 10/16/06)
2006        Oct 16, Russia demanded that the US lift sanctions against two Russian companies accused of making deals with Iran involving sensitive technology and hinted that a US refusal could affect negotiations on a U.N. sanctions resolution against Tehran.
    (AP, 10/16/06)
2006        Oct 16, The business chief of Russian state news agency Itar-Tass was found knifed to death at his flat in central Moscow. Police in Russia’s North Caucasus region of Ingushetia arrested rights activists and violently broke up a rally in memory of slain reporter Anna Politkovskaya.
    (AP, 10/16/06)(Reuters, 10/16/06)
2006        Oct 16, In Sri Lanka Tamil rebels rammed a truck packed with explosives into a convoy of military buses, killing at least 103 people and wounding 150 more in one of the deadliest insurgent attacks since the 2002 cease-fire.
    (AFP, 10/16/06)
2006        Oct 16, Sweden’s Culture Minister Cecilia Stego Chilo issued a statement saying she could not carry out her duties after it was revealed that she evaded taxes by paying a nanny under the table and failed to pay her mandatory TV license fee. Surveys showed about one-third of Swedes have bought "black market services," mostly for cleaning, painting or carpentry jobs. Hiring a cleaner legally costs around $40 an hour, including taxes, while a black market hire will do the job for less than $14, tax-free.
    (AP, 10/16/06)(AP, 10/20/06)

2006        Oct 17, President Bush signed legislation authorizing tough interrogation of terror suspects and smoothing the way for trials before military commissions. The Military Commissions Act virtually abolished the right of any non-American deemed an enemy combatant to challenge his indefinite detention before American courts.
    (AP, 10/17/06)(Econ, 5/26/07, p.30)
2006        Oct 17, Pres. Bush signed into law a bill to provide grant money for the Gullah/Geechee Cultural Heritage Corridor. In September Congress had declared a swathe of coastline from North Carolina to Florida the Gullah/Geechee Cultural Heritage Corridor, in an effort to preserve the region’s distinctive black culture and creole language.
    (Econ, 2/2/08, p.42)(www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=6283153)
2006        Oct 17, The United States said it plans to take in about 10,000 Burundian refugees from Tanzania, many of whom fled their landlocked nation as far back as 1972.
    (Reuters, 10/18/06)
2006        Oct 17, The US FDA approved Januvia, a novel pill for Type 2 diabetes made by Merck. Type 2 diabetes affects about 20 million Americans.
    (AP, 10/17/06)
2006        Oct 17, Actor Wesley Snipes was indicted for cheating the US government out of nearly $12 million in false refund claims and not filing for 6 years. On Feb 1, 2008, a federal jury in Florida acquitted Snipes (45) of the most serious charges but convicted him on 3 of 6 lesser charges and said he must pay up to $17 million in back taxes plus penalties and interest.
    (SFC, 10/18/06, p.A2)(SFC, 2/2/08, p.A2)
2006        Oct 17, The Chicago Mercantile Exchange announced plans to acquire the Chicago Board of Trade for about $8 billion.
    (WSJ, 10/18/06, p.A1)(Econ, 10/21/06, p.86)
2006        Oct 17, It was reported that teams of scientists from the Dubna nuclear research center in Moscow and Livermore Lawrence National Laboratory in California had detected element 118 after bombarding californium with calcium ions in a Russian cyclotron.
    (SFC, 10/17/06, p.A1)
2006        Oct 17, The 300 millionth US resident was born at 4:46 am according to a US Census Bureau estimate. The 200 million mark was reached in 1967. The 400 million mark was expected around 2043.
    (SFC, 10/18/06, p.B3)(Econ, 10/14/06, p.29)
2006        Oct 17, Megan Meier (b.1992) of Missouri committed suicide following a series of cruel messages on the MySpace online social network. In 2008 Lori drew (49) of Missouri was indicted for perpetrating an online hoax, which led to Meier’s suicide. Drew was convicted on Nov 26 of only three minor offenses for her role in the Internet hoax. The federal jury could not reach a verdict on the main charge against 49-year-old Lori Drew, conspiracy, and rejected three other felony counts of accessing computers without authorization to inflict emotional harm. A final decision on the verdicts was still pending in 2009.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Megan_Meier_suicide_controversy)(SFC, 5/16/08, p.A4)(AP, 11/27/08)(Econ, 7/11/09, p.232)
2006        Oct 17, Rapper Fabolous was shot as he stood at a Manhattan parking garage, spurring a sequence of events that left him both hospitalized in stable condition and under arrest.
    (AP, 10/17/06)
2006        Oct 17, Miriam Engelberg, cartoonist and writer, died in SF. She had recently authored “Cancer Made Me a Shallower Person."
    (SFC, 10/20/06, p.B9)
2006        Oct 17, Christopher Glenn (68), CBS News correspondent, died in Norwalk, Conn.
    (AP, 10/17/07)
2006        Oct 17, In southern Afghanistan British troops pulled out of the Musa Qala district in Helmand province. A US-led coalition airstrike killed a suspected midlevel Taliban commander and up to 15 other militants. Suspected Taliban militants destroyed an oil tanker transporting fuel for NATO-led peacekeepers and killed its driver in southern Kandahar province's Spin Boldak district.
    (AP, 10/17/06)
2006        Oct 17, Australia's worsening drought was driving farmers to suicide. Scientists and politicians said government funds should be used to help them leave increasingly unviable land.
    (AFP, 10/17/06)
2006        Oct 17, Bahrain said Lateefa al-Geood, a British-educated civil servant, has become the first-ever female to serve as an elected member of the parliament. 18 women were among 221 candidates vying for seats in the 40-member assembly in the Nov. 25 vote. Al-Geood was the only candidate who registered to run in her region.
    (AP, 10/17/06)
2006        Oct 17, In Brazil some 200 Indians from the Xikrin tribe, wielding war clubs and bows and arrows, stormed an Amazon mining complex at the company town of Carajas, shutting it down in an apparent demand for more compensation from CVRD, the world's largest iron ore miner. The Indians left after 2 days.
    (AP, 10/18/06)(AP, 10/19/06)
2006        Oct 17, A Chinese court ruled that journalist Yang Xiaoqing was exempt from serving the remainder of his sentence but would not overturn the lower court's conviction. Xiaoqing, convicted of extortion for exposing local corruption, was released on bail last month.
    (AP, 10/21/06)
2006        Oct 17, A UN report recommended that recommended that East Timor’s former interior minister Rogerio Lobato, military chief Taur Matan Ruak, and several others be prosecuted for illegal distribution of weapons and be held accountable for unrest that gripped capital Dili this year. The 79-page report also called for a further investigation into former PM Mari Alkatiri to determine whether he should face criminal charges.
    (Reuters, 10/18/06)
2006        Oct 17, In Ecuador with 60% of the vote counted, Rafael Correa was all-but tied with Alvaro Noboa, each with about 25%.
    (AP, 10/17/06)
2006        Oct 17, The EU said it felt obliged to back limited sanctions against Iran's nuclear program after Tehran refused to halt uranium enrichment as a condition to start negotiations.
    (Reuters, 10/17/06)
2006        Oct 17, In eastern Honduras a military truck plunged off a cliff, killing five soldiers and injuring 12.
    (AP, 10/18/06)
2006        Oct 17, Indonesian television broadcast the photo of Sudjiono Timan, a fugitive convicted of embezzling millions of dollars in state funds as part of a new campaign against corruption. Timan, was sentenced in absentia to 15 years in jail for embezzling $140 million after his bank received emergency funds meant to bail out banks crippled during Indonesia's 1998 financial crisis. This was the first installment of a weekly TV program exposing people convicted of corruption, which remains endemic at all levels of government.
    (AP, 10/19/06)
2006        Oct 17, Iceland said it would resume commercial whaling after a nearly two-decade moratorium, defying a worldwide ban on hunting the mammals for their meat.
    (AP, 10/18/06)
2006        Oct 17, In Iraq attacks left Iraqis dead and 16 more corpses turned up in Baghdad. 8 US soldiers and one Marine were killed by roadside bombs and enemy fire in and around Baghdad.
    (AP, 10/18/06)(WSJ, 10/18/06, p.A1)
2006        Oct 17, Israeli troops shot and killed 5 Palestinians, including 2 young stone-throwers, in the West Bank town of Qabatiyeh.
    (AP, 10/17/06)(WSJ, 10/18/06, p.A1)
2006        Oct 17, The Italian bank Sanpaolo won a five-way race for control of Bank of Alexandria, the first Egyptian bank to be privatized in a selloff worth 1.6 billion dollars.
    (AFP, 10/17/06)
2006        Oct 17, In Italy a subway train rammed into another train halted at the Piazza Vittorio Emanuele II station in central Rome, killing at least one person and injuring 236.
    (AP, 10/17/06)(WSJ, 10/18/06, p.A1)
2006        Oct 17, Kenya reported its first case of polio in 22 years at a refugee camp near the Somali border as the United Nations appealed for urgent help to cope with a surge in refugees from Somalia.
    (AFP, 10/17/06)
2006        Oct 17, In central Mexico an explosion in an area packed with small fireworks factories Capulhuac, 20 miles west of Mexico City, left four people dead and a man with severe burns. In western Mexico 14 people were killed when a passenger bus crashed into the back of a tractor trailer. A spark touched off an explosion aboard a gasoline tanker ship at Pemex's Pajarito marine terminal in the city of Coatzacoalcos, killing eight people and injuring nine others.
    (AP, 10/17/06)
2006        Oct 17, The US State Department said that the last landmines and unexploded ordnance blocking Mozambique's vital Sena Railway line have been removed, thanks largely to some $13 million (€10 million) in US aid. The mine action assistance was launched in 2002. Under the US Humanitarian Mine Action Program approximately 46 million dollars have been given in aid to Mozambique since 1993.
    (AFP, 10/17/06)
2006        Oct 17, North Korea said it considered UN sanctions aimed at punishing the country for its nuclear test "a declaration of war," as Japan and South Korea reported the communist nation might be preparing a second explosion.
    (AP, 10/17/06)
2006        Oct 17, Philippine media groups accused the president's husband of trying to muzzle a critical press by filing a string of libel cases against 43 journalists and publishers.
    (AP, 10/18/06)
2006        Oct 17, Sri Lankan fighter jets pounded two suspected Tamil Tiger bases and a camp.
    (AP, 10/17/06)
2006        Oct 17, A former Janjaweed fighter in London recounted to the BBC how the Sudanese government has actively supported the militia that is accused of genocide against non-Arab ethnic groups in Darfur.
    (AFP, 10/18/06)

2006        Oct 18, Pres. Bush signed a new National Space Policy the rejects future arms-control agreements that might limit US flexibility in space. Pres. Bush signed a military authorization bill that included a provision to terminate the Office of the Special Inspector General for Iraq, headed by Stuart Bowen.
    (SFC, 10/19/06, p.A5)(SFC, 11/3/06, p.A14)
2006        Oct 18, Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, visiting Tokyo, said the US was willing to use its full military might to defend Japan in light of North Korea's nuclear test.
    (AP, 10/18/07)
2006        Oct 18, The Dow Jones industrial average passed 12,000 for the first time before pulling back to close at 11,992.68.
    (AP, 10/18/07)
2006        Oct 18, Australia’s Tasmania state unveiled an historic five million dollar (3.8 million dollars US) compensation package for Aborigines forcibly taken from their families as children.
    (AFP, 10/18/06)
2006        Oct 18, A rocket fired from an airplane hit a house during a clash between suspected Taliban insurgents and NATO and Afghan security forces in a southern village. A resident said 13 civilians were killed. At least one Taliban militant was killed and three police were wounded in four hours of fighting that started in Tajikai late the previous night.
    (AP, 10/18/06)
2006        Oct 18, Expectations of a British interest rate increase next month have been cemented by minutes from the Bank of England's latest policy meeting.
    (AFP, 10/18/06)
2006        Oct 18, Cambodia's royalist party voted to remove Prince Norodom Ranariddh as its leader, saying his long absences from the country left him unable to lead the fractious party.
    (AP, 10/19/06)
2006        Oct 18, In Dubai Etisalat, a state-controlled phone company, was reported to have soaring profits. The Emirates' chief telecom and Internet provider, began to block Skype and other Internet phone providers during the summer, arguing they had no license to sell phone service. Calls for 2 cents a minute went dead and customers were forced to pay 75 cents per minute to phone Britain and 60 cents to call the United States during peak hours.
    (AP, 10/19/06)
2006        Oct 18, El Salvador’s Pres. Antonio Saca pledged to support Taiwan's bid to join world bodies and called for a free trade agreement between the two countries. El Salvador is one of only 24 countries that affords Taiwan diplomatic recognition over the island's rival China.
    (AFP, 10/18/06)
2006        Oct 18, In Ethiopia a senior judge appointed to investigate 2005 post-election violence said Ethiopian security forces massacred 193 people, triple the official death toll. Six policemen were also killed in the June and November 2005 riots, bringing the overall death toll to 199.
    (AP, 10/18/06)
2006        Oct 18, In Greece some 5,000 protesting teachers and students blocked traffic in central Athens for more than two hours as unions vowed to extend a monthlong elementary school strike. Heavy storms lashed southeastern Greece, leaving three people dead and forcing authorities to declare a state of emergency on three islands.
    (AP, 10/19/06)
2006        Oct 18, In Iraq PM Nouri al-Maliki consulted with Iraq's Shiite spiritual leader Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani and radical cleric Muqtada al-Sadr in Najaf in a bid to enlist support for efforts to build political consensus and tackle the Sunni-Shiite killings. A bomb planted on the main highway between the cities of Amarah and Basra killed Ali Qassim al-Tamimi, head of intelligence for the Maysan provincial police force, along with four bodyguards. At least four people were killed and 13 wounded when a pair of roadside bombs went off in quick succession in the same spot in a residential part of the southern Dora district of Baghdad.  Elsewhere in Dora gunmen opened fire on a police station, killing 4 policemen. An American soldier was killed in combat in Anbar province.
    (AP, 10/18/06)(AP, 10/19/06)
2006        Oct 18, Israeli tanks and infantry took up positions on the Egypt-Gaza border, killing two Palestinian gunmen as the army broadened its search for arms smuggling tunnels.
    (AP, 10/19/06)
2006        Oct 18, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe said that Japan will not build a nuclear bomb, declaring discussion on that topic "finished," despite the atomic test by North Korea.
    (AP, 10/18/06)
2006        Oct 18, Queen Elizabeth II praised Latvians' love of liberty and hailed the long-standing ties between Britain and the Baltic state, where she began the first-ever visit by a British monarch.
    (AFP, 10/18/06)
2006        Oct 18, Mexican police discovered two human heads in a backpack in the Pacific state of Guerrero, the latest decapitation victims in a continuing wave of violence.
    (AP, 10/19/06)
2006        Oct 18, Panamanian authorities said that 26 people had died after drinking tainted cough medicine, and five people had been detained on suspicion of selling contaminated material to a factory that produced the medication. Panama set up 34 round-the-clock clinics across the nation to identify the sick and perform blood tests for kidney damage. The contaminated medicines contained a chemical cousin of antifreeze, diethylene glycol, which is used to keep glue and cosmetics moist. Officials believe it turned up in 100,000 bottles of cough syrup, 20,000 of which have not been recovered. In 2007 it was reported that a Chinese factory was the source of a counterfeit chemical that killed dozens of people in Panama after it was used in human medications. Total deaths reached 116 from contaminated medications.
    (AP, 10/19/06)(AP, 10/27/06)(AP, 5/6/07)(AP, 5/10/08)
2006        Oct 18, In Russia Dmitry Fotyanov, a mayoral candidate in Dalnegorsk, about 5,750 miles east of Moscow, was gunned down as he left his campaign headquarters. Dozens of foreign non-governmental organizations in Russia, including Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch, faced suspension after failing to obtain necessary permits required under a tough new law.
    (AP, 10/19/06)
2006        Oct 18, Suspected Tamil Tiger rebels posing as fishermen blew up two boats in a suicide ambush on a Sri Lankan naval base in Galle, killing 2 sailors. The rebels last hit the Galle port area in December 1997, when they detonated a truck bomb that was targeting the navy commander at the time.
    (AP, 10/18/06)(AFP, 10/19/06)
2006        Oct 18, Local and UN officials said Sudanese Janjaweed militia and Chadian rebels have attacked at least 10 villages in south-east Chad in the past fortnight, killing over 100 people and displacing more than 3,000. In southern Sudan unknown gunmen killed 38 civilians in at least five attacks. At least 50 soldiers from the former rebel Sudan People's Liberation Army drowned in southern Sudan after two steamboats collided on the Nile.
    (Reuters, 10/18/06)(Reuters, 10/19/06)
2006        Oct 18, In southern Thailand suspected Muslim insurgents attacked an army base, killing one soldier and leaving four others injured.
    (AP, 10/18/06)
2006        Oct 18, In Kiev Steven Spielberg and Victor Pinchuk hosted the premiere of "Spell Your Name," a film by director Sergey Bukovsky on the Holocaust in Ukraine.
    (www.spielbergfilms.com/general/1098)
2006        Oct 18, Pope Benedict XVI received an open letter signed by 38 Muslim personalities from various countries and of different outlooks, which discussed point by point the views on Islam expressed by the Pope in his Sep 12 Regensburg lecture. Vatican officials pointed out that the two faiths have different, but related problems: for the Christian today’s adversary is “reason without faith" or cold secularism. For moderate Muslims it is “faith without reason" or violent fundamentalism.
    (http://popebenedict16.blogspot.com/)(Econ, 10/21/06, p.71)

2006        Oct 19, The St. Louis Cardinals beat the New York Mets to win the National League pennant. They will face the Detroit Tigers for the World Series.
    (SFC, 10/20/06, p.A1)
2006        Oct 19, In Hawaii the 10th annual fundraising parody Underpants Run was held in Kailua-Kona on the Big Island.
    (SSFC, 10/22/06, p.G2)
2006        Oct 19, A NY state judge ruled that Richard Grasso, former head of the NYSE, must return as much as $100 million of his $187.5 compensation package. In 2008 a state appeals court ruled that Mr. Grasso can keep all of his compensation.
    (SFC, 10/20/06, p.D3)(WSJ, 10/21/06, p.B1)(WSJ, 7/2/08, p.A1)
2006        Oct 19, The Dow Jones industrial average closed above 12,000 for the first time, ending at 12,011.73.
    (AP, 10/19/07)
2006        Oct 19, In Fremont, Ca., Alia Ansari (37), a native of Afghanistan and mother of 6, was gunned down in mid-afternoon as she walked to pick up her children from school. Manuel Urango (28) was soon arrested on a parole violation as a person of interest. In 2007 was charged with Ansari’s murder. Urango was convicted of first-degree murder on March 11, 2008.
    (SFC, 10/20/06, p.A1)(SFC, 3/2/07, p.B1)(SFC, 3/10/08, p.B2)
2006        Oct 19, In Texas a death-row inmate slit his own throat with a makeshift knife, committing suicide about 15 hours before he was scheduled to be executed. Michael Dewayne Johnson (29) was on death row for the 1995 killing of a convenience store clerk near Waco. Johnson had denied gunning down Jeff Wetterman (27), who helped pump gas at the family store off Interstate 35 near Waco. Johnson blamed his companion, David Vest, for the killing. Vest blamed the shooting on Johnson, took an eight-year prison term in a plea deal and testified against his friend. Vest is now free.
    (AP, 10/19/06)
2006        Oct 19, Phyllis Kirk (79), film and TV actress, died in Woodland Hills, California. She starred in the 1953 3-D film “House of Wax," and played opposite Peter Lawford in TV’s “The Thin Man" (1957-1959).
    (SFC, 10/24/06, p.B5)
2006        Oct 19, President Hamid Karzai called on NATO forces to use caution during military operations, a day after 20 civilians were killed. In southern Afghanistan a suicide bomber killed two children and a British soldier. In eastern Afghanistan gunmen ambushed a car carrying Afghan civilians working on a remote US military base and killed eight of them execution-style.
    (AP, 10/19/06)(AP, 10/20/06)
2006        Oct 19, In southeastern Bangladesh a herd of wild elephants rampaged through a village, killing five members of one family, including two children.
    (AP, 10/19/06)
2006        Oct 19, In Brazil Judge Luiz Noronha Dantas handed down a 52-year sentence on four homicide counts and stripped Capt. Marcos Duarte Ramalho of his status as a police officer. Ramalho was the third police officer to stand trial and the first to be convicted in connection with the April 16, 2003, killings in the Borel shantytown on Rio's poor north side. Two more officers are set to stand trial for the killings.
    (AP, 10/20/06)
2006        Oct 19, Ralph Harris (81), British economist and former head of the Institute of Economic Affairs, died.
    (Econ, 11/4/06, p.96)
2006        Oct 19, A court struck down sections of a Canadian anti-terrorism law, in a ruling that threw out warrants used to search the home of a reporter covering U.S. efforts to secretly send a Canadian terror suspect to Syria for interrogation.
    (AP, 10/19/06)
2006        Oct 19, China stepped up its diplomatic efforts with North Korea, sending a personal message and a gift from the Chinese president to the North's leader Kim Jong Il as Washington appealed for cooperation by Asian powers on U.N. sanctions for Pyongyang's nuclear test.
    (AP, 10/19/06)
2006        Oct 19, In Colombia a car bomb left by a person dressed in a military uniform exploded in the parking lot of a military university in Bogota, wounding at least 23 people, as a top general was at a conference nearby.
    (AP, 10/19/06)
2006        Oct 19, Queen Elizabeth II arrived in Estonia on the last leg of a landmark trip to the Baltic states, during which the 80-year-old monarch has repeatedly praised the Baltic people for their determined fight for freedom.
    (AFP, 10/19/06)
2006        Oct 19, Ethiopia's PM Meles Zenawi told parliament that he had sent military trainers to help Somalia's struggling government, but had not deployed a fighting force. Yalemzewd Bekele, a human rights lawyer working for the European Commission in Addis Ababa, was arrested at the border with Kenya. Her arrest was likely related to the Oct 5 arrest of businessman Alemayehu Fantu.
    (AP, 10/19/06)(Econ, 10/28/06, p.28)
2006        Oct 19, In Iraq a suicide bomber driving a fuel tanker struck a major police station in the northern city of Mosul, killing 12 people and wounding 25. Another suicide car bomb detonated in Kirkuk killed 12 people and wounded 68. Fighting broke out in Amara after the head of police intelligence in the surrounding province, a member of the rival Shiite Badr Brigade militia, was killed by a roadside bomb, prompting his family to kidnap the teenage brother of the local head of the a-Madhi Army. At least 66 Iraqis died in fighting and sectarian killings.
    (AFP, 10/19/06)(AP, 10/20/06)(WSJ, 10/20/06, p.A1)
2006        Oct 19, Italian police arrested 12 alleged members of a Mafia clan accused of drug trafficking and running an extortion ring that terrorized businesses in the Sicilian town of Messina.
    (AP, 10/19/06)
2006        Oct 19, In Malaysia Altantuya Shaariibuu (28), a Mongolian model, was kidnapped outside the house of Abdul Razak Baginda (46), who heads the Malaysian Strategic Research Centre think-tank. Shaariibuu was allegedly extorting Baginda following an affair that had begun in 2004. She was killed and her remains blown up with military-grade C-4 explosives and later found in an isolated area south of the capital Kuala Lumpur. In Nov. Malaysian PM Abdullah Ahmad Badawi vowed there would be no cover-up over her murder. Abdul Razak allegedly abetted two policemen, Azilah Hadri (30) and Sirul Azhar Umar (35), to commit the murder. In 2008 a court acquitted Razak of charges of abetting the murder of Shaariibuu. In 2009 a Malaysian court sentenced two policemen to death on charges of murdering Shaariibuu.
    (AFP, 11/9/06)(AFP, 11/16/06)(WSJ, 3/29/07, p.A1)(WSJ, 11/1/08, p.A8)(AP, 4/9/09)
2006        Oct 19, Mexico's Senate ruled there was no reason to oust Oaxaca's embattled state governor, eliminating the last formal legal recourse for thousands of protesters who for months have demanded the resignation of Gov. Ulises Ruiz. Jorge Bustos, a commander with the defunct Federal Security Directorate, was arrested in Mexico City in connection with the 1974 disappearance of six alleged guerrilla members. Bustos had arrested six members of the Brigada Lacandona, a 1970s guerrilla faction, who disappeared after Hidalgo state authorities turned them over to the federal intelligence agency.
    (AP, 10/19/06)(AP, 10/20/06)
2006        Oct 19, Nigeria's president declared a state of emergency in a troubled southwest state where he said the impeachment of the governor by the local legislature violated the constitution. Thirty-one of Nigeria's 36 state governors are being investigated for corruption, according to the country's financial crimes agency.
    (AP, 10/19/06)
2006        Oct 19, Russia forced nearly 100 foreign non-governmental organizations, including leading human rights groups, to suspend operations for missing a deadline for re-registration under a tough, new law.
    (AP, 10/19/06)
2006        Oct 19, Sri Lanka's Tamil Tiger rebels agreed to attend peace talks with the government this month in a breakthrough announcement after a week of bloody attacks left over 250 dead. In northern Sri Lanka 3 government soldiers were killed in attacks blamed on the Tiger rebels.
    (AP, 10/19/06)(AP, 10/19/06)
2006        Oct 19, Syrian authorities ordered prominent writer and pro-democracy activist Michel Kilo released on bail after more than four months in detention.
    (AP, 10/19/06)
2006        Oct 19, Four ministers from President Viktor Yushchenko's Our Ukraine party resigned after the collapse of talks to create a broad ruling coalition in the ex-Soviet state.
    (AP, 10/19/06)
2006        Oct 19, The UN Environment Program said the number of "dead zones" in the world's oceans had reached 200, an increase of 34% in 2 years, threatening fish stocks and the people who depend on them.
    (AP, 10/19/06)(WSJ, 10/20/06, p.A1)
2006        Oct 19, A UN report said The North Korean government rounds up disabled people and sends them away from the capital Pyongyang to special camps, where they are sorted by their handicap and subjected to "subhuman conditions."
    (AP, 10/19/06)

2006        Oct 20, President Bush conceded in an Associated Press interview that "right now it's tough" for American forces in Iraq, but the White House said he would not change US strategy in the face of pre-election polls indicating voters were upset.
    (AP, 10/20/07)
2006        Oct 20, US federal authorities arrested Jake Brahm, a 20-year-old Wisconsin grocery store clerk, for making a hoax threat that said seven football stadiums across the nation would be targeted by terrorists with radiological "dirty bombs" this weekend.
    (AP, 10/20/06)(SFC, 10/21/06, p.A5)
2006        Oct 20, Corrections officials said California will begin shipping thousands of inmates to prisons in four other states next month at a cost of more than $51 million a year.
    (AP, 10/20/06)
2006        Oct 20, In Pennsylvania 24 rail cars carrying ethanol derailed and 9 caught fire on a bridge over the Beaver River in New Brighton, 25 miles northwest of Pittsburgh.
    (SSFC, 10/22/06, p.A5)
2006        Oct 20, Jane Wyatt (b.1910), TV and film actress, died in Bel Air, Ca. She was best known as the TV wife of Robert Young in “Father Knows Best" (1954-1960). Her films included “Lost Horizon" (1937).
    (SFC, 10/23/06, p.B3)
2006        Oct 20, Corus, an Anglo-Dutch steel-maker, accepted an $8.1 billion buyout bid from Tata Steel, a smaller Indian firm.
    (Econ, 10/28/06, p.74)
2006        Oct 20, Eric Newby (86), British travel writer, died. His books included "A Short Walk In The Hindu Kush" (1958), the story of his travels from London to Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 10/23/06)(Econ, 10/28/06, p.97)
2006        Oct 20, China’s state press said the estuaries of China's two greatest rivers, the Yangtze and the Yellow, have been declared dead zones by the UN due to high amounts of pollutants. The leading People's Daily reported that it would take at least 200 years to clean up the Bohai Sea, even if no more sewage was poured into it. Beijing published a 5-year plan for economic and bureaucratic reforms in the capital.
    (AFP, 10/20/06)(Econ, 10/28/06, p.50)
2006        Oct 20, In Lahti, Finland, 25 EU leaders held a one-day summit on energy. Russian President Vladimir Putin defended his government's tough stance on Georgia and dodged EU leaders' demands that he commit to a legally binding energy charter that would guarantee better access to Russia's oil and gas fields.
    (AP, 10/20/06)
2006        Oct 20, The Shiite militia run by anti-American cleric Muqtada al-Sadr seized total control of the southern Iraqi city of Amarah in one of the boldest acts of defiance yet by one of the country's powerful, unofficial armies. At least 15 people, including five militiamen, one policeman and two bystanders, were killed in clashes. Clashes between Shiite and Sunni tribes just south of Baghdad left 4 people dead. Five tortured bodies were found dumped along roads or in the Tigris River.
    (AP, 10/20/06)(AP, 10/21/06)
2006        Oct 20, A Jewish settler watchdog group said more than 40 percent of unauthorized West Bank outposts are built on private Palestinian land, adding that there are no signs the Israeli government is taking steps to tear them down.
    (AP, 10/20/06)
2006        Oct 20, Japan's government said the birth rate rose for the seventh straight month in August, raising hopes for an upturn in the country's plunging annual birthrate and declining population.
    (AP, 10/20/06)
2006        Oct 20, In North Korea tens of thousands gathered in Pyongyang to laud the country's first atomic test. A South Korean news agency reported that North Korean leader Kim Jong Il said Pyongyang didn't plan to carry out any more nuclear tests and expressed regret about the country's first-ever atomic detonation last week [see Oct 24].
    (AP, 10/20/06)(AP, 10/21/06)
2006        Oct 20, In Mexico radical protesters and teachers, who have taken over the city of Oaxaca, appeared to be parting ways after the teachers' leaders agreed to end a strike and return to work.
    (AP, 10/21/06)
2006        Oct 20, In northwestern Pakistan a bomb left in a fruit cart struck a crowded market, killing at least seven people and wounding dozens in Peshawar.
    (AP, 10/20/06)
2006        Oct 20, Saudi Arabia's state-run news agency reported that the king gave new powers to his brothers and nephews in an overhaul of the way the kingdom chooses future monarchs, in what appeared to be an attempt to defuse internal power struggles. King Abdullah established the allegiance council, a body of 30-odd senior princes, as a new succession mechanism aimed in the long term to choose the crown prince.
    (AP, 10/20/06)(AFP, 6/16/12)
2006        Oct 20, Shiite and Sunni religious figures met in Mecca in a bid to stop sectarian bloodshed, and issued a series of edicts forbidding violence between Iraq's two Muslim sects.
    (AP, 10/20/06)
2006        Oct 20, South Korea Defense Minister Yoon Kwang-ung met with US Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld and agreed that Seoul will retake full wartime operational control of Korean forces from the US sometime between 2009 and 2012.
    (www.voanews.com/english/2006-10-20-voa84.cfm)
2006        Oct 20, Thailand's military government said it had extended emergency rule in the Muslim-majority south where another 21 people were killed this week despite moves to resolve bloody unrest.
    (AFP, 10/20/06)
2006        Oct 20, The UN refugee agency said it had received reports of at least 38 civilians killed in attacks in southern Sudan and was suspending its operation helping Sudanese refugees return from neighboring Uganda.
    (AP, 10/20/06)

2006        Oct 21, Al-Jazeera television aired an interview with US State Department official Alberto Fernandez, who offered an unusually blunt assessment of the Iraq war, saying the US had shown "arrogance" and "stupidity" in Iraq. Fernandez issued an apology the next day.
    (AP, 10/21/07)
2006        Oct 21, In SF Joseph James Melcher (25), a traveling wine salesman, opened fire on 3 people in Japantown and 2 died. He was arrested the same evening. On Nov 21 Melcher was also charged with killing Robert Stanford (21) on Aug 27. On May 13, 2009, Melcher was convicted on 3 counts of murder. On June 11 Melcher was sentenced to 200 years to life in prison.
    (SFC, 10/24/06, p.B1)(SFC, 11/23/06, p.B1)(SFC, 5/14/09, p.B2)(SFC, 6/12/09, p.B3)
2006        Oct 21, In Bangladesh donations of clothing set off stampedes that left at least eight people dead. All were women except for one child.
    (AP, 10/21/06)
2006        Oct 21, In central Bolivia a bus plunged off a mountain road, killing 29 people and injuring 25.
    (AP, 10/22/06)
2006        Oct 21, In Najaf, Iraq, Interior Minister Jawad al-Bolani met with Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr in an attempt to rein marauding militias. 5 bicycle bombs and a hail of mortar shells killed 32 people with scores more wounded in a market in Mahmoudiyah. Rival Shiite militiamen battled near the ancient city of Babylon until American forces and helicopters rushed to separate the combatants. At least two people were killed in Hamza al-Gharbi and 25 in Amarah, a city of 750,000 people at the head of Iraq's famous marshlands. At least 21 more people were killed in violence around the country, including 7 who died in a suicide bombing on a Baghdad bus. A US Marine was killed in fighting in Anbar province west of Baghdad and another soldier died in fighting in Salahuddin province.
    (AP, 10/21/06)(AP, 10/22/06)(SSFC, 10/22/06, p.A14)(AP, 10/23/06)
2006        Oct 21, In Mexico’s Michoacan state, the home state of President-elect Felipe Calderon, 420 homicides were reported for this year, including 19 police chiefs and commanders. Juan Antonio Magana, the state's attorney general, said well over half the killings were drug-related.
    (AP, 10/21/06)
2006        Oct 21, In Nigeria police said all seven foreign oil workers who were being held hostage in the southern Niger Delta have been released and are in good health.
    (AP, 10/21/06)
2006        Oct 21, Members of the Palestinian security forces fired in the air in Gaza City's main shopping district and burned tires near President Mahmoud Abbas' home to press demands for payment of salaries.
    (AP, 10/21/06)
2006        Oct 21, Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov said that Russia was ready to discuss ways to pressure Iran into accepting a broader international oversight of its nuclear program, but added that "any measures of influence should encourage creating conditions for talks." He said Russia will not allow the UN Security Council to be used to punish Iran over its nuclear program. Russia indicated it would strictly enforce sanctions on North Korea as US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice met top leaders in Moscow at the end of a tour to push for full implementation of the UN penalties in response to Pyongyang’s nuclear test. Rice delivered a symbolic rebuke to Russia over shrinking press freedoms, even as she courted President Vladimir Putin for help punishing Iran over its nuclear program.
    (AFP, 10/21/06)(AP, 10/21/07)
2006        Oct 21, Sri Lanka's government said it will provide safe passage for rebels traveling to Geneva for peace talks, as the navy destroyed two insurgent boats approaching a naval base. The Tamil Tigers threatened to extend their battle against government troops across the island if Colombo "wants a war", as the navy said they killed 20 rebels in sea clashes.
    (AP, 10/21/06)(AFP, 10/21/06)
2006        Oct 21, The death toll from severe flooding in Thailand and neighboring Myanmar has jumped to 143 after Thai authorities confirmed another 16 victims. The severe flooding began in late August in Thailand's central and northern provinces
    (AFP, 10/21/06)
2006        Oct 21, Uganda's president traveled to southern Sudan to bolster faltering talks between his government and rebels aimed at ending a brutal 19-year conflict in northern Uganda.
    (AP, 10/21/06)

2006        Oct 22, Senior US diplomat Alberto Fernandez apologized for saying in an al-Jazeera TV interview that US policy in Iraq had displayed "arrogance" and "stupidity."
    (AP, 10/22/07)
2006        Oct 22, The Oracle OpenWorld convention opened in SF. Some 42,000 attendees were expected to pump $60 million into the city’s economy by the close on Oct 27.
    (SFC, 10/23/06, p.E1)
2006        Oct 22, Actor Arthur Hill died in Los Angeles at age 84.
    (AP, 10/22/07)
2006        Oct 22, Arnold Sundgaard, librettist and playwright, died in Dallas, Texas. He and Kurt Weill collaborated on the 1948 opera “Down in the Valley."
    (SFC, 11/10/06, p.B8)
2006        Oct 22, The Afghan government and the UN appealed for $43 million in aid to respond to a severe drought and help tens of thousands of families displaced by fighting in the country's south. In southern Afghanistan insurgents attacked a NATO convoy, sparking a gunbattle that killed 15 suspected militants and wounded two NATO troops. Fighting between forces loyal to two pro-government warlords in western Afghanistan left at least 12 people dead.
    (AP, 10/22/06)(AP, 10/23/06)
2006        Oct 22, PM John Howard announced that Australia is to launch a 500-million-dollar drive to tackle global warming, as the country battles its worst drought in more than a century.
    (AFP, 10/22/06)
2006        Oct 22, Bulgarians voted for the president who will lead their country into the EU. Incumbent Georgi Parvanov won 64% of the vote against his main rival, ultranationalist Volen Siderov. Turnout was only 38% of Bulgaria's 6.4 million eligible voters, short of the 50% required by law to allow Parvanov to avoid a runoff. Most power in Bulgaria rests with the prime minister and parliament. But the president does have veto powers, giving him the right to send any bill back to parliament. He also represents the state abroad, leads the armed forces and can sign international treaties. The president is elected for a term of five years, renewable only once. The runoff was set for Oct 29.
    (AP, 10/22/06)(WSJ, 10/24/06, p.A1)
2006        Oct 22, A half-mile section of China's Yellow River turned "red and smelly" after an unknown discharge was poured into it from a sewage pipe in Lanzhou, a city of 2 million people in western Gansu province.
    (AP, 10/23/06)
2006        Oct 22, Iraq's former finance minister alleged in a US television report that up to $800 million meant to equip the Iraqi army had been stolen from the government by former officials through fraudulent arms deals. In Iraq militants targeted police recruits and shoppers rounding up last-minute sweets and delicacies for a feast to mark the end of the Ramadan holy month. Gunmen in five sedans ambushed a convoy of buses carrying police recruits near the city of Baqouba, killing at least 15 and wounding 25 others. At least 44 Iraqis were killed or their bodies were founded dumped along roads or in the Tigris River. The killings raised to at least 950 the number of Iraqis who have died in war-related violence this month, an average of more than 40 a day. Six US soldiers were killed, three by small arms fire west of the capital and three by roadside bombs within Baghdad.
    (AP, 10/23/06)
2006        Oct 22, An Israeli Cabinet minister said the Israeli army used phosphorous artillery shells against Hezbollah guerrilla targets during their war in Lebanon this summer, confirming Lebanese allegations for the first time. Israel's defense minister said that air force flights over Lebanon would continue because arms smuggling to Lebanese guerrillas has not stopped.
    (AP, 10/22/06)
2006        Oct 22, Palestinian security forces blocked main Gaza Strip intersections, burning tires and snarling traffic to protest the Hamas-led government's inability to pay their salaries.
    (AP, 10/22/06)
2006        Oct 22, Voters in Panama approved a $5.25 billion referendum, pushed by Pres, Torrijos, to expand the Panama Canal. The project was expected to take 8 years and provide some 7,000 jobs.
    (AP, 10/23/06)(Econ, 7/21/07, p.39)
2006        Oct 22, Choi Kyu-hah (88), former president of South Korean (1979-80), died of heart failure. Choi became acting president in 1979 after the assassination of President Park Chung-hee. He was forced to resign just eight months later following a military coup.
    (AP, 10/22/06)
2006        Oct 22, The Sudanese government ordered the chief UN envoy to leave the country within three days after he wrote that the Sudanese army had suffered serious losses in fighting with rebels in northern Darfur.
    (AP, 10/22/06)

2006        Oct 22-2006 Oct 28, US federal, state and local officers rounded up some 10,700 fugitives in a sweep of 24 eastern states, DC, and Puerto Rico.
    (SFC, 11/32/06, p.A11)

2006        Oct 23, In Texas a district judge sentenced Jeffrey Skilling (52), former chief executive of Enron Corp., to over 24 years in prison for his role in the financial fraud that destroyed Enron. He was also ordered Skilling to pay $45 million in restitution to Enron investors.
    (SFC, 10/23/06, p.D1)
2006        Oct 23, Ford Motor Co. posted a 3rd quarter loss of $5.8 billion.
    (WSJ, 10/24/06, p.A3)
2006        Oct 23, Tod Skinner (b.1958), American free climber, died in a fall at Yosemite National Park after his harness broke.
    (WSJ, 1/11/07, p.B10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Todd_Skinner)
2006        Oct 23, An Afghan girl was killed and two wounded when a mortar test-fired by NATO troops fell short of its target and hit a home in eastern Kunar province.
    (AFP, 10/24/06)
2006        Oct 23, An Australian scientist said Global warming will force changes to Australia's A$4.8 billion ($3.6 billion) wine export industry, threatening the very existence of some varieties as temperatures rise.
    (AP, 10/23/06)
2006        Oct 23, In central Bangladesh a ferry packed with dozens of people going home for an Islamic festival capsized in a river after hitting a cargo boat, killing at least 15 people.
    (AP, 10/23/06)
2006        Oct 23, In southeastern Chad armed men attacked Am Timan, 24 hours after briefly seizing the town of Goz Beida near the Sudan border. The insurgents, calling themselves the Union of Forces for Democracy and Development (UFDD), the latest in a string of titles grouping various rebel factions, have said they want polls to end the "catastrophic" rule of President Idriss Deby.
    (Reuters, 10/24/06)
2006        Oct 23, In Hungary riots left 167 injured, including 17 police officers, while 131 were detained. The anti-government demonstrations coincided with Hungary's commemoration of the 50th anniversary of its uprising against Soviet rule. The next day Viktor Orban, Hungarian conservative opposition leader, came under withering attack for his role in fueling the far-right protests in Budapest.
    (AFP, 10/24/06)(AP, 10/23/07)
2006        Oct 23, Iraqi PM Nouri al-Maliki ordered security forces to crack down on unlawful acts by armed factions. A bombing in Baghdad killed 3 Iraqis. 52 bodies were found across Baghdad. Ahmed Qusai al-Taayie, a 41-year-old reserve soldier from Ann Arbor, Mich., went missing and was believed kidnapped in Baghdad. On Feb 22, 2012, the remains of Ahmed al-Taie were turned over to Iraqi authorities.
    (AP, 10/24/06)(SFC, 10/24/06, p.A5)(AP, 11/18/06)(AP, 2/27/12)
2006        Oct 23, Israeli troops shot and killed seven Palestinians, including a militant who led a rocket-launching operation.
    (AP, 10/23/06)
2006        Oct 23, The military regime in Myanmar ordered the International Red Cross to close five key field offices in the country.
    (AP, 11/27/06)
2006        Oct 23, In Panama mechanical problems triggered a fire that raced through a bus in Panama City, killing at least 18 people, injuring 25.
    (AP, 10/23/06)
2006        Oct 23, Portuguese bank BPI said it will open 30 new branches in fast-growing Angola next year, bringing its total number of outlets in the oil-rich southwestern African nation to 100 by the end of 2007.
    (AP, 10/23/06)
2006        Oct 23, In Uruguay thousands of taxi and truck drivers went on strike to demand lower fuel prices in a challenge to the center-left government. The strike ended later in the day.
    (AP, 10/24/06)
2006        Oct 23, A WTO draft report said Vietnam has succeeded in introducing the reforms necessary for it to join the World Trade Organization and become the world body's 150th member.
    (AP, 10/23/06)

2006        Oct 24, The St. Louis Cardinals gained a 2-to-1 World Series edge as they defeated the Detroit Tigers 5-0. Before Game 3 began, baseball players and owners finalized a five-year collective bargaining agreement.
    (AP, 10/24/07)
2006        Oct 24, Ohio executed Jeffrey Lundgren (56), a religious cult leader, for the 1989 murder of a family of five followers who were taken one at a time to a barn, bound and shot to death. The youngest was a girl just 7 years old. Lundgren argued at his trial in 1990 that he was prophet of God and therefore not deserving of the death penalty.
    (AP, 10/24/06)
2006        Oct 24, Enolia P. McMillan (b.1904), the first female president of the NAACP, died in Maryland.
    (SFC, 10/27/06, p.B9)
2006        Oct 24, NATO soldiers killed 38 Taliban rebels in clashes in southern Afghanistan that also claimed a number of civilian lives. Villagers said that around 20 houses were destroyed and 60 people killed or wounded in the fighting around the Panjwayi area. They said none of the dead were Taliban. Afghan officials estimated up to 60 Taliban fighters and 85 civilians were killed in Panjwayi, a district in the former Taliban stronghold of Kandahar province. The Interior Ministry said 40 civilians and 20 Taliban militants were killed, while a Kandahar provincial council member, Bismallah Afghanmal, said up to 85 civilians died.
    (AFP, 10/25/06)(AP, 10/26/06)
2006        Oct 24, The environmental group WWF said Australians soak up more scarce resources than almost any other nation and produce so much waste on average that their mark on the world's ecology exceeds China.
    (http://news.yahoo.com/s/nm/20061024/wl_nm/environment_australia_dc)
2006        Oct 24, Britain said Bulgarians and Romanians will have only limited rights to work in Britain for at least a year after their countries join the European Union on January 1.
    (AP, 10/24/06)
2006        Oct 24, Mohammed Momin Khawaja (27), the first person charged under Canada's anti-terrorism act won a partial victory when a judge struck down a key portion of the law, ruling that the clause dealing with the definition of the law violates the country's bill of rights.
    (AP, 10/24/06)
2006        Oct 24, Liu Jianchao, Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman, said North Korean leader Kim Jong Il did not apologize for his regime's nuclear test, as some South Korean media had reported [see Oct 20], but is willing to return to six-party talks under certain conditions.
    (AP, 10/24/06)
2006        Oct 24, In CongoDRC more than a dozen people jailed for the 2001 assassination of Congolese President Laurent Kabila vanished from a prison in the capital Kinshasa.
    (Reuters, 10/24/06)
2006        Oct 24, Ethiopia’s PM Meles Zenawi said Ethiopia was "technically" at war with Somalia's Islamists because they had declared jihad on his nation.
    (AP, 10/24/06)
2006        Oct 24, Georgia's Foreign Ministry said it had protested to the UN about Russia's crackdown on illegal Georgian migrants, demanding a stop to what it called "persecution on ethnic grounds."
    (AP, 10/24/06)
2006        Oct 24, In Indonesia 2 Islamic militants jailed for the Bali bombings that killed 202 people were freed. Mujarod bin Salim and Sirojul Munir had been convicted of hiding two of the bomb plotters. 9 others had their sentences reduced 45 days to mark the end of the Islamic fasting month.
    (AP, 10/24/06)
2006        Oct 24, In Iraq sectarian violence persisted in the southern city of Amarah, with at least two more policemen shot to death. American officials unveiled a timeline for Iraq's Shiite-led government to take specific steps to calm Baghdad and said more US troops might be needed to quell the bloodshed.
    (AP, 10/24/06)(AP, 10/24/07)
2006        Oct 24, Moroccan King Mohamed VI pardoned 617 prisoners in honor of Eid al-Fitr, the holiday marking the end of the Muslim holy month of Ramadan.
    (AP, 10/24/06)
2006        Oct 24, Palestinian gunmen kidnapped Emilio Morenatti (37), an Associated Press photographer in the Gaza Strip, grabbing him as he walked out of his apartment and whisking him away in their vehicle. Morenatti was freed the next day.
    (AP, 10/24/06)(AP, 10/25/06)
2006        Oct 24, Officials said Russia has allowed dozens of foreign non-governmental organizations (NGOs) to resume operations and was speeding up the registration process for others barred from working last week.
    (AP, 10/25/06)
2006        Oct 24, In northern Vietnam a boat carrying traders with their chickens and pigs capsized in a river with at least 20 passengers feared drowned.
    (AP, 10/24/06)

2006        Oct 25, President Bush conceded that the US is taking heavy casualties in Iraq and said, "I know many Americans are not satisfied with the situation" there. Bush said he would not put unbearable pressure on Iraq's leaders to end the bloodshed.
    (AP, 10/25/06)
2006        Oct 25, A US federal judge ruled that Indiana’s do-not-call list applies to political telemarketers in a House race.
    (WSJ, 10/26/06, p.A1)
2006        Oct 25, The US FDA approved Tyzeka, generically known as telbivudine, to help treat adults with chronic hepatitis B. It was developed by Idenix and Novartis.
    (SFC, 10/26/06, p.A9)
2006        Oct 25, New Jersey’s Supreme Court ruled that same-sex couples deserve the same privileges as heterosexuals, but left it up to lawmakers to define marriage.
    (SFC, 10/26/06, p.A1)
2006        Oct 25, In Richmond, Ca., federal and local officers arrested 15 people on drug charges.
    (SFC, 10/26/06, p.B3)
2006        Oct 25, Florida executed Danny Rolling (52), an infamous serial killer. He was executed for butchering five college students in Gainesville in 1990.
    (AP, 10/26/06)
2006        Oct 25, Texas executed Gregory Summers (48), a man convicted in the stabbing deaths of his parents and an uncle. He paid a hit man to kill his parents in 1990 in an attempt to collect their life insurance and an inheritance.
    (AP, 10/26/06)
2006        Oct 25, Argentine prosecutors asked a federal judge to order the arrest of former Iranian President Hashemi Rafsanjani and seven others for the 1994 bombing of a Jewish cultural center that killed scores of people.
    (AP, 10/25/06)
2006        Oct 25, Azerbaijan’s broadcasting chief said government authorities will bar Azerbaijan broadcasters from airing programs of the Voice of America, the BBC and Radio Liberty starting next year.
    (AP, 10/25/06)
2006        Oct 25, A rights group said Burundi's spy agency has executed 38 people and arbitrarily detained 200 others since the Central African nation's new government came to power. New York-based Human Rights Watch accused President Pierre Nkurunziza’s year-old government of failing to prosecute those accused of extra-judicial killings.
    (AP, 10/25/06)
2006        Oct 25, In Finland the US and the EU ended a 2-day meeting on cleaner energy. They agreed on tighter cooperation on renewable energy and other environmental policies despite splits over the UN’s Kyoto Protocol on global warming.
    (WSJ, 10/26/06, p.A6)
2006        Oct 25, French President Jacques Chirac and a delegation of French executives traveled to China in hopes of expanding trade with one of the world's largest economies.
    (AP, 10/25/06)
2006        Oct 25, In India a crowded bus veered off a steep mountain road and plunged into the Teesta River, killing at least 25 people in the northeastern state of Sikkim.
    (AP, 10/26/06)
2006        Oct 25, A semiofficial news agency reported that Iran has expanded its controversial nuclear work by starting a second cascade of centrifuges to enrich uranium.
    (AP, 10/25/06)
2006        Oct 25, Iraqi and US forces raided Sadr City, the stronghold of the feared Shiite militia led by radical anti-American cleric Muqtada al-Sadr, but PM Nouri al-Maliki disavowed the operation, saying he had not been consulted and insisting "that it will not be repeated." Four people were killed and 18 wounded in overnight fighting in the overwhelmingly Shiite eastern district. 6 people killed when a roadside bomb destroyed their vehicle in Balad Ruz.
    (AP, 10/25/06)
2006        Oct 25, Robert Rosenberg (54), Boston-born Israeli writer, died of cancer in Tel Aviv, the Israeli daily Haaretz reported on its Web site. Rosenberg was a senior staff editor at the paper. Rosenberg was author of the 1991 New York Times notable thriller, "Crimes of the City," which was followed by 3 more books featuring the same protagonist, detective Avram Cohen. Rosenberg founded the Ariga.com Web site in 1995 as a source for information on Middle East peace efforts.
    (AP, 10/25/06)
2006        Oct 25, In Nigeria angry villagers seized three Shell oil platforms in the volatile Niger Delta, forcing production to be shut down at each.
    (AP, 10/25/06)
2006        Oct 25, The Philippine Supreme Court vetoed a move to change the presidential system to a unicameral parliamentary government, dealing a blow to President Gloria Arroyo's economic agenda.
    (AP, 10/25/06)
2006        Oct 25, Turkmenistan's President Saparmurat Niyazov announced that his energy-rich nation would provide citizens with natural gas and power free of charge through 2030.
    (AP, 10/25/06)

2006        Oct 26, President Bush signed a bill authorizing 700 miles of new fencing along the U.S.-Mexico border, hoping to give Republican candidates a pre-election platform for asserting they're tough on illegal immigration.
    (AP, 10/26/06)
2006        Oct 26, An arson fire near Palm Springs, Ca., killed 4 US Forest Service firefighters as they attempted to protect a home close to where the fire began in Cabazon. The fire raced across almost 38 square miles as more than 1,100 firefighters worked to protect homes and build fire lines. A 5th firefighter of Engine 57 died Oct 31. Raymond Lee Oyler (36) was arrested on Oct 31 for setting the Esperanza Fire. It was later reported that he set the fire as a diversion to free his family’s impounded pit bull. On March 6, 2009, Oyler was convicted of 5 counts of first degree murder. On June 5, 2009, Oyler was sentenced to death.
    (AP, 10/27/06)(SFC, 11/1/06, p.A3)(SFC, 3/16/07, p.B7)(SFC, 3/7/09, p.A5)(AP, 6/6/09)
2006        Oct 26, A big snowstorm in Colorado dumped 20 inches cutting power to thousands.
    (WSJ, 10/27/06, p.A1)
2006        Oct 26, In SF the first Amateur Erotic Film Competition opened at the Castro Theater.
    (SFC, 10/26/06, p.B1)
2006        Oct 26, The charity organization Oxfam accused coffee house chain Starbucks of blocking attempts by Ethiopia to trademark three coffee bean types and thereby denying farmers substantial income.
    (AP, 10/26/06)
2006        Oct 26, Exxon Mobil Corp. said earnings rose 6% to $10.5 billion, the second-largest quarterly operating profit ever by a US company.
    (Reuters, 10/26/06)
2006        Oct 26, Researchers reported the identification of the western honeybee genome. They identified 10,157 genes in the DNA project that began in 2003. The number was fewer than what was found in the fruit fly, mosquito or silk worm.
    (SFC, 10/26/06, p.A9)
2006        Oct 26, On Hoxie, Kansas, Sheridan County sheriff James Johnson (54) was shot and killed as he interviewed Steven Paul Reitcheck (36) about possible commitment to a mental health facility. A deputy then shot and killed Reitcheck.
    (SFC, 10/27/06, p.A3)
2006        Oct 26, In Bangladesh the Liberal Democratic Party was launched, headed by former president Badruddoza Chowdhury and Oli Ahmed, a former minister with the ruling Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP). 13 lawmakers including two ministers defected from the government to launch the new party to challenge almost two decades of rule by the country's two main parties in January 2007 elections.
    (AFP, 10/26/06)
2006        Oct 26, Belarusian opposition leader Alexander Milinkevich was awarded the Sakharov Prize by the EU Parliament for his fight for democracy in the former Soviet republic.
    (AP, 10/26/06)
2006        Oct 26, An American sex offender who was sentenced by a US judge to three years "exile" in Canada was arrested by Canadian border guards and faces deportation. A New York state judge allowed former teacher Malcolm Watson, convicted of having sex with a 15-year-old girl, to live in Canada on probation rather than spending time in a US jail.
    (Reuters, 10/26/06)
2006        Oct 26, A foreign monitoring group said as many as 10,000 college students fought with Chinese police in four days of protests over their academic status, damaging cars and buildings and leaving at least 20 people injured. An overturned truck spilled 33 tons of toxic oil into a river in northern Shanxi province. The spill flowed into the Yangjiapo reservoir, contaminating 70 million cubic feet of water. Water supplies to 28,000 people were cut following the spill.
    (AP, 10/26/06)(AP, 11/1/06)
2006        Oct 26, China’s state controlled Citic Group said it has reached an agreement to buy an oil field in Kazakhstan from Canada’s nations Energy for $1.9 billion.
    (WSJ, 10/27/06, p.A10)
2006        Oct 26, The Colombian government and the country's second-largest rebel group (ELN) agreed in Havana, Cuba, to launch a formal peace process.
    (AP, 10/26/06)
2006        Oct 26, Croatian lawmaker Branimir Glavas, suspected of ordering the torture and killing of Serb civilians in 1991 during the Serbo-Croat war, was detained on war crimes charges after a parliament commission lifted his parliamentary immunity.
    (AP, 10/26/06)
2006        Oct 26, In East Timor witnesses and residents said 2 men were shot to death in overnight gang battles in Dili.
    (AP, 10/26/06)
2006        Oct 26, Europe's six largest countries agreed on ways to pre-empt terrorist attacks through sharing intelligence about threats and driving extremists from the Internet. The six states also signaled increased cooperation in stopping criminal gangs from defrauding the EU of billions of euros a year in tax revenue, amid fears terrorists might be involved.
    (AFP, 10/26/06)(AP, 10/26/06)
2006        Oct 26, In France youths forced passengers off three buses and set the vehicles on fire overnight in suburban Paris, raising tensions ahead of the first anniversary of the riots that engulfed France's rundown, heavily immigrant neighborhoods.
    (AP, 10/26/06)
2006        Oct 26, A Georgian man was killed and another was wounded when they stepped on a mine in a volatile area near the breakaway province of South Ossetia.
    (AP, 10/26/06)
2006        Oct 26, In India men who beat, threaten or yell at their wives or live-in girlfriends could be jailed and fined under a law that took effect. It specifically targeted the often-tolerated problem of domestic violence.
    (AP, 10/26/06)
2006        Oct 26, In Iraq fighting between Sunni insurgents and Iraqi police near Baqouba, 35 miles northeast of Baghdad, killed one civilian and 24 police. US troops later joined the fight, aiding in a counterattack in which 18 insurgents died. 4 people were killed and 5 wounded near Baqouba when gunmen fired on a van carrying Shiites returning from the funeral of a relative in Najaf. 4 US Marines and a sailor died of wounds suffered while fighting in the same Sunni insurgent stronghold. The US military said 96 US troops have died so far in October, the most in one month since October 2005, when the same number was killed.
    (AP, 10/26/06)(AP, 10/27/06)
2006        Oct 26, Israeli forces shot and killed two Palestinians in exchanges of gunfire in the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 10/26/06)
2006        Oct 26, The Slow Food movement, founded in 1989, sponsored Terra Madre in Turin, Italy. The 5-day event brought together representatives of food communities that produced good, clean and fair food in a responsible and sustainable way.
    (www.terramadre2006.org/terramadre/welcome_eng.lasso)
2006        Oct 26, Teachers in the southern Mexican state of Oaxaca voted to end a five-month-old strike, allowing 1.3 million children to return to classes and potentially taking the sting out of anti-government protests besieging this historic city.
    (AP, 10/26/06)
2006        Oct 26, Nicaragua's Congress voted to ban all abortions, including those that could save a mother's life.
    (AP, 10/26/06)
2006        Oct 26, In Peru's southern Andes at least 20 people were killed and 12 others were injured when a passenger bus crashed down an embankment.
    (AP, 10/26/06)
2006        Oct 26, Russia rejected a draft UN resolution put forward by European powers targeting Iran's nuclear program, saying the proposed measures did not advance objectives agreed on earlier by major world powers.
    (AP, 10/26/06)
2006        Oct 26, South Korea said it will ban the entry of North Korean officials who fall under a UN travel restriction.
    (AP, 10/26/06)
2006        Oct 26, Spanish police arrested Orlando Sabogal Zuluaga (40), a leading member of one of Colombia's most feared drug-trafficking cartels, in a shopping center on the outskirts of Madrid.
    (AP, 10/31/06)
2006        Oct 26, Sri Lanka's warring parties arrived in Geneva for their first face-to-face meeting in eight months as the EU racked up international pressure for a halt to ethnic bloodshed.
    (AP, 10/26/06)
2006        Oct 26, Mo Ibrahim, a self-made Sudanese millionaire, offered African politicians an annual prize worth $5 million if they avoid being seduced by power and corruption. The prize would be presented to former leaders who had demonstrated excellence in government. Ibrahim founded Celtel International, an African cell phone network. He sold Celtel for $3.3 billion in 2005.
    (Reuters, 10/26/06)(AP, 10/27/06)
2006        Oct 26, Thailand's military-installed PM Surayud Chulanont visited Vietnam for the last of a series of trips aimed at reassuring Bangkok's neighbors after last month's coup.
    (AFP, 10/26/06)

2006        Oct 27, President Bush said the United States did not torture prisoners, trying to calm a controversy created when Vice President Dick Cheney embraced the suggestion that a "dunk in water" might be useful to get terrorist suspects to talk.
    (AP, 10/27/07)
2006        Oct 27, A new US congressional study said Russia surpassed the US in 2005 as the world leader in weapons deals with the developing world.
    (SSFC, 10/29/06, p.A19)
2006        Oct 27, In Missouri the St Louis Cardinals won the World Series by beating the Detroit Tigers 4-2 in game 5, claiming their first MLB crown in 24 years.
    (Reuters, 10/28/06)
2006        Oct 27, The old US Mint in SF held a ceremonial minting of silver coins. A portion of the proceeds of sales from silver dollars and $5 gold pieces will help turn the 132-year-old structure into a history museum.
    (SFC, 10/28/06, p.B1)
2006        Oct 27, Raijon Daniels (8) died in Richmond, Ca. His mother, Teresa Marie Moses (23), was arrested on felony charges of torture and child endangerment after the child’s body was found to be covered with chemical and rope burns, sores and other injuries all over his body.
    (SFC, 11/2/06, p.B3)
2006        Oct 27, In Sacramento, Ca., Deputy Jeffrey Mitchell (38) was shot an killed following an early morning traffic stop. A van matching the one he stopped was found that evening in the Consumnes River with 2 dead occupants.
    (SFC, 10/28/06, p.B2)
2006        Oct 27, In southern Afghanistan a roadside blast ripped through a vehicle, killing 14 villagers and wounding three as they traveled to a provincial capital for holiday celebrations.
    (AP, 10/27/06)
2006        Oct 27, Australia gave the green light to the southern hemisphere's largest wind farm, the country's 2nd major project aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions announced this week.
    (AFP, 10/27/06)
2006        Oct 27, Bangladesh's 5-year coalition between the Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) and its Islamist allies expired.  PM Begun Khaleda Zia, preparing to hand over power to an interim administration ahead of elections, called for maintaining peace, as thousands of rival political activists clashed in Dhaka.
    (AP, 10/27/06)(Econ, 11/4/06, p.49)
2006        Oct 27, In Chile former dictator Gen. Augusto Pinochet was indicted for abuses at Villa Grimaldi, one of his regime's most infamous secret prisons, where President Michelle Bachelet and her mother were once held and mistreated.
    (AP, 10/27/06)
2006        Oct 27, China’s biggest bank, the Industrial & Commercial Bank of China, went public and raised a record $19.1 billion with an option to increase to $21.9 billion. The previous IPO record was in 1998 by NIT DoCoMo for $18.4 billion.
    (SFC, 10/28/06, p.C1)
2006        Oct 27, The Czech Republic's center-right Civic Democratic Party won 14 seats and gained a simple majority in runoff elections for parliament's upper chamber.
    (AP, 10/28/06)
2006        Oct 27, Eritrea rejected a UN accusation that its recent movement of troops near the border with Ethiopia represented a "major breach" of a cease-fire agreement between the two countries.
    (AP, 10/27/06)
2006        Oct 27, In Fiji the dysfunctional parliament was dissolved.
    (Econ, 12/9/06, p.50)
2006        Oct 27, French President Jacques Chirac called for closer ties with China in telecommunications, nuclear power and other fields after Airbus's decision to open a Chinese aircraft assembly line.
    (AP, 10/27/06)
2006        Oct 27, In France 6 police officers suffered minor injuries and 25 people were arrested in scattered violence across the country on the first anniversary of the start of nationwide riots.
    (AP, 10/28/06)
2006        Oct 27, Xavier Niel (39), one of France's most high-profile Internet entrepreneurs, was handed a suspended jail sentence for embezzling funds from a sex shop that served as a front for prostitution. He was also fined 250,000 euros ($320,000) for embezzling money from the Roxane sex shop in the eastern city of Strasbourg.
    (AP, 10/27/06)
2006        Oct 27, Germany's Defense Minister Franz Josef Jung said the military has suspended two soldiers from duty in connection with photos of service members posing with skulls in Afghanistan. Pictures taken in early 2003 showed soldiers posing with a skull on the hood of their vehicle and one soldier holding the skull next to his exposed genitals.
    (AP, 10/27/06)
2006        Oct 27, Hundreds of protesters marched peacefully through Haiti's largest slum to demand the withdrawal of UN peacekeepers, accusing the troops of killing civilians during gunbattles with street gangs.
    (AP, 10/27/06)
2006        Oct 27, Iraq’s embattled PM Nouri al-Maliki and President Bush in a video conference agreed to expedite the hand-over of full control of Iraq's army to the government as they seek to quell the insurgency and sectarian bloodshed. Iraq a five-day trend toward diminished violence continued. Attacks typically rose during Ramadan, in part because some Muslims believe dying during the holiday bestows additional blessings in the afterlife. The US military announced the death of a Marine in restive Anbar province west of Baghdad.
    (AP, 10/27/06)(AP, 10/28/06)
2006        Oct 27, Israeli army raids in the northern West Bank killed 3 Palestinians.
    (AP, 10/27/06)
2006        Oct 27, The US agreed to return to Japan part of the airspace used by the military near Tokyo, allowing civilian planes to reduce flight times and cut costs. The handover will take place by September 2008 before an expansion at Tokyo's Haneda airport.
    (AFP, 10/27/06)
2006        Oct 27, It was reported that a new mobile phone in Japan can recognize its owner. The P903i from NTT DoCoMo automatically locks when the person gets too far away from it and can be found via satellite navigation if it goes missing.
    (AP, 10/27/06)
2006        Oct 27, In Oaxaca, Mexico, Bradley Roland Will (36), a US journalist and two Mexican men were shot to death. The clashes occurred as leftist protesters barricaded streets as part of a five-month-old campaign to oust the governor. In 2008 two supporters of a protest movement in southern Mexico were arrested for the fatal shooting of the US journalist. Officials said Juan Manuel Martinez, was the gunman, and Octavio Perez was an accomplice who helped cover up the crime. Eight other alleged accomplices were still sought. In 2010 Juan Martinez Moreno was cleared by a federal court.
    (AP, 10/28/06)(Econ, 11/4/06, p.48)(AP, 10/18/08)(AP, 2/17/10)
2006        Oct 27, Ghulam Ishaq Khan (91), who became Pakistan's president in 1988 after the death of his predecessor in a plane crash, died following a bout of pneumonia.
    (AP, 10/27/06)
2006        Oct 27, Swiss officials said authorities have found enough evidence to seek a full investigation into allegations the CIA was trying to obtain personal details of about 500 labor union members, most of them Arabs.
    (AP, 10/27/06)
2006        Oct 27, The UN said it is sending a mission to Chad and the Central African Republic to look at operations to curb the escalating violence and help protect hundreds of thousands of civilians.
    (AP, 10/28/06)

2006        Oct 28, President Bush spoke by video conference with Iraqi PM Nouri al-Maliki as he sought to reaffirm support for the Iraqi leader.
    (AP, 10/28/07)
2006        Oct 28, David M. Walker, the comptroller general of the United States, warned that if the US government conducts business as usual over the next few decades, a national debt that is already $8.5 trillion could reach $46 trillion or more, adjusted for inflation. That's almost as much as the total net worth of every person in America.
    (AP, 10/28/06)
2006        Oct 28, In Jerseyville, Ill., a teenager carrying a Bible and shouting "I want Jesus" was shot twice with a police stun gun and died the next day at a St. Louis hospital.
    (AP, 10/31/06)
2006        Oct 28, Arnold Auerbach (89), legendary coach of the Boston Celtics basketball team, died of a heart attack in Washington DC.
    (SSFC, 10/29/06, p.C1)
2006        Oct 28, In southern Afghanistan NATO and Afghan troops killed 70 suspected militants who attacked a military base in Uruzgan province. A roadside blast killed one NATO soldier and wounded 8 others. Three National Geographic TV crew members were also hurt in a roadside bomb blast.
    (AP, 10/29/06)(AP, 11/2/06)
2006        Oct 28, In Bangladesh at least 9 people died and about 500 were wounded in political riots after the man due to take over as interim leader withdrew just hours before taking the oath.
    (Reuters, 10/28/06)
2006        Oct 28, Chad accused Sudan's air force of bombarding four towns along its eastern frontier and said its armed forces were ready to repel further aggression.
    (Reuters, 10/28/06)
2006        Oct 28, An explosion inside a western China coal mine trapped and killed 14 miners and burned six others.
    (AP, 10/28/06)
2006        Oct 28, In France marauding youths torched hundreds of vehicles overnight and into the day. In Marseilles Mama Galledou (26) was on the bus with some 10 other passengers when it was forcibly boarded by at least three teenagers wearing hoods. They doused the inside of the vehicle with flammable liquid and set it on fire before running away. Galledou was badly burnt and on the verge of death.
    (AFP, 10/29/06)
2006        Oct 28, Iraqi soldiers, backed by American forces, raided an insurgent hide-out near Baghdad at dawn, killing 15 fighters and capturing eight. In a separate raid south of Baghdad an insurgent dressed as a woman was killed when he opened fire on American soldiers who had rounded up 10 comrades. A rocket hit an outdoor market in southern Baghdad, killing one person and wounding 35. A bomb exploded in a minibus in the capital's east, killing one and wounding nine. 9 Iraqi soldiers were kidnapped on the increasingly dangerous highway linking Baghdad with Kirkuk. In Baqouba police said they had found two bodies of apparent sectarian violence in the city's central al-Mu'allimeen district. A third body was pulled from the Diyala river. Police reported the shooting deaths of two men in a Baqouba market. A US Marine was killed in fighting in Anbar province raising the death toll among US service members this month to 100.
    (AP, 10/28/06)(AP, 10/30/06)
2006        Oct 28, In the Indian-controlled section of Kashmir 3 Indian border guards and 18 civilians were injured when suspected Islamic rebels hurled a grenade in a busy market.
    (AFP, 10/28/06)
2006        Oct 28, In Jamaica Trevor Berbick (51), the last boxer to fight the legendary Muhammad Ali, was found dead in a churchyard near his home in Norwich. On Nov 3 police charged two men, one a nephew of Berbick, with murdering the former world heavyweight boxing champion. In 2007 a jury found Harold Berbick (21) guilty of murder and Kenton Gordon (19) guilty of manslaughter in the killing of the former boxer.
    (AP, 11/4/06)(AP, 12/21/07)
2006        Oct 28, Mexico’s President Vicente Fox announced he was sending federal police into the violence-wracked southern state capital of Oaxaca after a US journalist and two Mexican men were shot to death. The bodies of 3 state police officers, one of whom had been decapitated, were found in a sport utility vehicle abandoned outside the resort city of Acapulco.
    (AP, 10/28/06)(AP, 10/28/06)
2006        Oct 28, In western Nepal an overcrowded bus plunged off a mountain road, leaving at least 42 people dead and 45 injured.
    (AP, 10/28/06)
2006        Oct 28, Russian authorities said dozens of people have died and more than 1,000 received hospital treatment in a wave of alcohol poisoning that is sweeping the country.
    (AP, 10/28/06)
2006        Oct 28, The Millionaire Fair, founded by Yves Gijrath, opened in Moscow. It was first held in Amsterdam in 2002.
    (Reuters, 10/29/06)
2006        Oct 28, In Pakistan some 5,000 pro-Taliban tribesmen held an anti-America rally in a remote tribal region near the Afghan border, vowing to keep waging a holy war against "infidels."
    (AP, 10/28/06)
2006        Oct 28, Serbia began a weekend referendum on a proposed constitution that reasserts the nation's claim to the Kosovo region, whose status is under negotiation at international talks.
    (AP, 10/28/06)
2006        Oct 28, In Sri Lanka suspected Tamil Tiger rebels fatally shot a government soldier and wounded six police officers in two bomb attacks as peace talks began in Switzerland.
    (AP, 10/29/06)

2006        Oct 29, In the northeast US thousands of homes and businesses had no electricity as a storm system blasted the region with winds gusting to more than 50 mph, knocking over trees and a construction crane. The storm was blamed for at least two deaths.
    (AP, 10/29/06)
2006        Oct 29, Gallaudet Univ. of Washington DC, the premier US school for the deaf, voted to terminate the appointment of incoming president Jane Fernandes following a month of protests by students and faculty.
    (SFC, 10/30/06, p.A3)
2006        Oct 29, Bangladesh's Pres. Iajuddin Ahmed was installed as head of the country's caretaker government, but Sheikh Hasina, the leader of the opposition that led a political standoff and days of deadly riots in the capital, declined to attend the ceremony.
    (AP, 10/29/06)
2006        Oct 29, Bolivia’s President Evo Morales completed his oil and gas nationalization plan with the last-minute signing of contracts allowing several international companies to continue operating under state control.
    (AP, 10/29/06)
2006        Oct 29, Brazil’s President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva (61) won a landslide victory giving him a powerful mandate to press his anti-poverty campaign, but corruption scandals dogged his leftist party and thinner support in Congress could mar his second term. Lula’s Worker’s Party (PT) won 5 of the 27 state governorships.
    (AP, 10/29/06)(AP, 10/30/06)(Econ, 11/4/06, p.46)
2006        Oct 29, Bulgarian President Georgy Parvanov won re-election to a second five-year term with an unassailable lead in his run-off battle against ultra-nationalist challenger Volen Siderov. Turnout was between 35 and 40%.
    (AP, 10/29/06)
2006        Oct 29, China rocketed a domestically produced communications satellite into orbit to provide wider and more advanced television services across the country.
    (AP, 10/29/06)
2006        Oct 29, Leaders of Colombia's second-largest rebel group (ELN) agreed to help de-mine several rural southern districts, marking their first concrete action since agreeing to a peace process last week with the Colombian government.
    (AP, 10/29/06)
2006        Oct 29, Congo's President Laurent Kabila faced a former rebel chief in a runoff vote.
    (AP, 10/29/06)
2006        Oct 29, In Iraq an affidavit to the supreme judiciary charged Judge Radhi al-Radhi, head of Iraq’s Commission on Public Integrity, with corruption. Al-Radhi later said the pressure on his office might be a reaction to his attempts to ferret out corruption inside key Shiite-controlled ministries. Gunmen killed 15 policemen working as instructors at the local police academy and two translators in the southern city of Basra. The men were forced off a bus on the city's outskirts in the afternoon and their bodies were found hours later dumped in several locations.
    (AP, 10/29/06)(SSFC, 11/12/06, p.A5)
2006        Oct 29, Libya took delivery of a Boeing jetliner for the first time in 30 years after the privately owned Buraq Air airline bought six of the US-made aircraft.
    (AFP, 10/28/06)
2006        Oct 29, In Mexico federal forces stormed Oaxaca and pushed protesters and striking teachers out of the city center they had occupied for five months, leaving the colonial city resembling a battleground, with riot police and burned vehicles lining the streets. At least one demonstrator was killed.
    (AP, 10/30/06)
2006        Oct 29, In Nigeria protesters demanding jobs and aid took over an oil pumping station run by an Italian oil firm in the southern delta region, forcing the company to shut the flow of oil. Output of 55,000 barrels per day (bpd) of oil was cut when armed protesters forced the closure of a flowstation belonging to Italy's Agip company in the Niger Delta.
    (AP, 10/29/06)(AFP, 11/6/06)
2006        Oct 29, A Nigerian airliner carrying 104 people, including the man regarded as a spiritual leader of Nigeria's Sunni Muslims, crashed in a storm after taking off from the airport in Abuja. Most of those on board were feared dead. 9 people survived. The Nigerian pilot of the plane did not heed air traffic controllers' advice to not depart in stormy weather.
    (AP, 10/29/06)(AP, 10/30/06)
2006        Oct 29, In eastern Pakistan a passenger bus collided with a tanker truck carrying oil, killing 22 people and injuring 23.
    (AP, 10/29/06)
2006        Oct 29, In the northern Philippines Typhoon Cimaron blasted roofs off homes as it made landfall, with officials saying it may be one of the most powerful storms to ever hit the country.
    (AP, 10/29/06)
2006        Oct 29, Serbia flirted with political crisis as a referendum to approve its first constitution since the socialist era of Slobodan Milosevic hovered on the brink of failure because of voter apathy. Serbia's top leaders said that voters approved a new constitution reasserting Serbia's claim over the UN-administered Kosovo province in a turnout estimated at 53.3%. Serbia's opposition Liberal Party charged there was "massive fraud" at polling stations in the final hours of voting, with people allegedly voting several times and without identification papers.
    (AP, 10/29/06)(AP, 10/30/06)(SFC, 10/30/06, p.A14)
2006        Oct 29, Somalia's Islamic group broke off peace talks with the transitional government, demanding that Ethiopian troops withdraw from the country.
    (AP, 10/29/06)
2006        Oct 29, Sri Lanka's peace talks collapsed after a failure by the warring parties to agree on a new meeting and fruitless wrangling over "humanitarian issues" during two days of negotiations in Geneva.
    (AFP, 10/29/06)

2006        Oct 30, Mass. Sen. John Kerry told a California college audience that young people who didn't study hard might "get stuck in Iraq," prompting harsh Republican criticism; Kerry later said it was a botched joke against President Bush's handling of the war.
    (AP, 10/30/07)
2006        Oct 30, A new ranking compiled by Morgan Quitno Press listed St. Louis as the most dangerous city in the USA, leading a trend of violent crimes rising much faster in the Midwest than in the rest of nation. The study looked at crime only within St. Louis city limits, with a population of about 330,000 under Mayor Francis Slay. The safest city in 2005 was Brick, N.J., with a population about 78,000, followed by Amherst, N.Y., and Mission Viejo, Calif. The second most dangerous city was Detroit, followed by Flint, Mich., and Compton, Calif.
    (AP, 10/30/06)
2006        Oct 30, In southern Afghanistan NATO troops fought a six-hour battle with insurgents in a firefight that left 55 militants and one NATO soldier dead. ISAF warplanes killed 12 insurgents in the southern province of Kandahar.
    (AP, 10/30/06)(AFP, 10/31/06)
2006        Oct 30, In Algeria 3 people were killed and 24 wounded in near-simultaneous truck bomb attacks overnight on two police stations in Reghaia town, 30 km (20 miles) east of the capital, and the eastern Algiers suburb of Dergana. Witnesses called it the most elaborate assault by Islamist rebels in several years.
    (Reuters, 10/30/06)
2006        Oct 30, Sir Nicholas Stern, head of Britain’s government economic service, issued a report on climate change that said world output could be up to a fifth lower over the next century or two due to climate change.
    (Econ, 11/4/06, p.14)(Econ, 12/16/06, p.80)
2006        Oct 30, In London 6 men from remote Pitcairn Island lost their final appeal against their convictions for a string of sex attacks dating back 40 years.
    (AP, 10/30/06)
2006        Oct 30, Counting from Congo's election proceeded swiftly. Rioters destroyed 43 polling stations and thousands of ballot papers were burned in the east after a soldier killed two election officials.
    (AP, 10/30/06)(WSJ, 10/31/06, p.A1)
2006        Oct 30, Hutomo Mandala Putra (44), the youngest son of former dictator Suharto, was paroled from prison after serving less than a third of his 15-year sentence for ordering the assassination of a Supreme Court judge.
    (AP, 10/30/06)
2006        Oct 30, In Iraq at least 81 people were killed or found dead, including 33 victims of a bomb attack on laborers lined up to find a days work in Baghdad's Sadr city Shiite slum. Essam al-Rawi, a leading Iraqi academic and prominent hardline Sunni political activist, was fatally shot by three gunmen as he was leaving his Baghdad home.
    (AP, 10/30/06)(SFC, 10/31/06, p.A3)
2006        Oct 30, The Israeli Cabinet voted overwhelmingly to bring into the government a hawkish party that opposes ceding territory to the Palestinians and wants to redraw Israel's borders to exclude many Israeli Arabs.
    (AP, 10/30/06)
2006        Oct 30, An Italian court ordered former Premier Silvio Berlusconi to stand trial on charges of corruption along with David Mills, the estranged husband of Britain's culture minister.
    (AP, 10/30/06)
2006        Oct 30, In Amman, Jordan, a delegation of Iraq lawmakers met with a newly formed group of Iraqi political activists and agreed to hold a national reconciliation conference next month.
    (AP, 10/3o/06)
2006        Oct 30, The Mexican government authorized the extradition of ex-Guatemalan President Alfonso Portillo (2000-2004) to face embezzlement charges in his country.
    (AP, 10/31/06)
2006        Oct 30, In Morocco the world's five leading nuclear powers and eight other nations kicked off a new program aimed at keeping nuclear weapons beyond the reach of terrorists. Morocco became the first Arab state to join a global initiative led by Russia and the United States to combat nuclear terrorism.
    (AP, 10/31/06)(Reuters, 10/31/06)
2006        Oct 30, Nigeria and China signed a 8.3 billion dollar contract for the construction of a railway line from the economic capital Lagos to Kano, the largest commercial city in the north.
    (AFP, 10/30/06)
2006        Oct 30, Northern Ireland began demolition of the Maze prison for a sports complex.
    (WSJ, 10/31/06, p.A1)
2006        Oct 30, Pakistani troops backed by helicopters raided a religious school purportedly being used as an al-Qaida training center, killing 80 people in the country's deadliest strike ever against suspected Islamic militants. The attack happened about two miles from the Bajur tribal town of Damadola.
    (AP, 10/30/06)
2006        Oct 30, Palestinian gunmen abducted a Spanish aid worker in the Gaza Strip. Roberto Vila (34) was released after a few hours.
    (AP, 10/31/06)
2006        Oct 30, Typhoon Cimaron swept across the northern Philippines, killing more than 15 people in a barrage of landslides, uprooted trees and flooding.
    (AP, 10/30/06)
2006        Oct 30, In Moscow top Russian and US military officers signed a cooperation agreement that lays out plans for joint activities for the coming year.
    (AP, 10/30/06)
2006        Oct 30, A Russian company won a bid to construct a second nuclear plant in Bulgaria.
    (AP, 10/31/06)
2006        Oct 30, Somali Islamic leaders banned youthful Somalis from marrying without the consent of their parents, saying such unions violate Islam.
    (AP, 10/31/06)
2006        Oct 30, South African miner Gold Fields announced it was listing on the Dubai International Financial Exchange (DIFX), becoming the first African company to list shares on the fledgling Gulf market.
    (AP, 10/30/06)
2006        Oct 30, The first shipment of US beef in nearly three years arrived in South Korea on Monday after the country lifted an import ban triggered by fears of mad cow disease.
    (AP, 10/30/06)

2006        Oct 31, President George W. Bush ordered that assets be frozen of dissident general Laurent Nkunda and six others considered by the White House to be destabilizing forces in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
    (Reuters, 10/31/06)
2006        Oct 31, NASA agreed to dispatch a shuttle on a repair mission to keep the Hubble Space Telescope in operation until at least 2013.
    (WSJ, 11/1/06, p.A1)
2006        Oct 31, In Long Beach, Ca., 9 African-American youths accosted and severely beat 3 white women in a racially charged attack on Halloween night. In 2007 a judge ruled the attack a hate crime and the 9 youths were convicted in juvenile court in Long Beach, Calif.
    (SFC, 1/27/07, p.A3)(AP, 1/26/08)
2006        Oct 31, In SF gunfire broke out between two groups at a massive Halloween street party in the city's Castro district, wounding at least 10 people, including innocent bystanders.
    (AP, 11/1/06)
2006        Oct 31, Bechtel Corp.’s last government contract in Iraq expired. During its 3 years of work there 52 employees were killed.
    (SFC, 11/1/06, p.A1)
2006        Oct 31, Enrico’s Sidewalk Café in SF’s North Beach district closed after negotiations for a new lease collapsed. Enrico Banducci had opened it in 1958.
    (SFC, 11/1/06, p.B5)
2006        Oct 31, In Roanoke, Virginia, Sheriff Frank Cassell and 12 of his uniformed employees were indicted in a racketeering case that claims drugs seized from criminals were being resold, sometimes out of a sergeant's home.
    (AP, 11/2/06)
2006        Oct 31, In Reno, Nev., a fire at the Mizpah Hotel killed 12 people. Valerie Moore (47), a casino cook, was arrested the next day for starting the fire.
    (SFC, 11/2/06, p.A4)(AP, 11/5/06)(SFC, 11/6/06, p.A3)(AP, 10/31/07)
2006        Oct 31, A leading researcher said large species of coral that form underwater reefs and create rich habitat for marine life are disappearing from around the U.S. Virgin Islands, Jamaica and elsewhere in the Caribbean.
    (AP, 11/1/06)
2006        Oct 31, Researchers reported that elephants recognize themselves in mirrors.
    (SFC, 11/1/06, p.A4)
2006        Oct 31, In eastern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed 3 NATO soldiers. A suicide bombing in southern Ghazni province's Taliban-dominated Ander district killed one policeman. Polio cases were reported to be on the rise along the Pakistan-Afghanistan border.
    (AFP, 10/31/06)(WSJ, 11/1/06, p.A1)
2006        Oct 31, Australia pointed an accusing finger at China and India as major polluters as it refused to ratify the Kyoto Protocol on climate change despite a major new report warning of impending catastrophe.
    (AFP, 10/31/06)
2006        Oct 31, President Evo Morales backed off his plan to nationalize Bolivia's mining industry, saying that his government can't afford it for now but he still wants to eventually recover control of the nation's mineral wealth.
    (AP, 11/1/06)
2006        Oct 31, Britain unveiled plans to regulate Internet gambling and said it opposed the US government's banning of the industry.
    (AP, 10/31/06)
2006        Oct 31, A joint British and Lebanese initiative in London launched the world's first qualification covering all aspects of Islamic finance. The Islamic Finance Qualification (IFQ) was developed by British industry body the Securities and Investment Institute (SII) and Lebanese business school Ecole Superieure des Affaires.
    (AFP, 10/31/06)
2006        Oct 31, Cambodian police said an American police officer, killed himself while in custody in the capital. Donald Rene Ramirez of SF was accused of sexually abusing a 14-year-old girl. Ramirez had been going on vacation to Asia for at least 2 decades.
    (AP, 10/31/06)(SSFC, 11/5/06, p.B1)
2006        Oct 31, In Canada Finance Minister Jim Flaherty shocked markets when he announced plans to tax income trusts. Flaherty signaled concern that the flow of conversions to income trusts could become an uncontrollable torrent that would damage the economy and erode government revenues. Income trusts were first set up in the mid-1980s by property and energy companies who chose to pass profits to investors and thus avoid corporate income tax.
    (AP, 10/31/06)(Econ, 11/4/06, p.86)
2006        Oct 31, In St. Thomas, Canada, a man (34) who was sexually abusing a young girl in his home was arrested after he transmitted images of the assault via the Internet to an undercover detective.
    (AP, 11/3/06)
2006        Oct 31, A small clash between ethnic Arab and ethnic African villagers along Chad's border with Darfur escalated into a large-scale attack in which Arabs killed 128 Africans. The fight broke out in Amtiman in southeastern Chad between two small groups after a member of one group insulted the other.
    (AP, 11/7/06)
2006        Oct 31, China's legislature barred all but the nation's highest court from approving death sentences, a move that state media called the country's biggest change to capital punishment in more than 20 years. In northwest Gansu province gas exploded in a coal mine, killing about 20 miners.
    (AP, 10/31/06)
2006        Oct 31, Scientists reported that the Fujian-strain of H5N1 avian influenza has become dominant in southern China.
    (SFC, 10/31/06, p.A2)
2006        Oct 31, A parliament speaker said Egypt it will amend its constitution to make it easier for candidates to run for president, part of long-delayed political reforms that President Hosni Mubarak plans to carry out next year. Talaat Sadat (52), the nephew of Egypt's late President Anwar Sadat, was sentenced to a year in prison for defaming Egypt's armed forces, after saying in an interview that Egyptian generals had masterminded his uncle's assassination.
    (AP, 10/31/06)
2006        Oct 31, In Ethiopia 4 days of devastating floods along the eastern border killed dozens of people and prowling crocodiles hampered rescue efforts as rain continued to fall.
    (AP, 10/31/06)
2006        Oct 31, France's Defense Minister ordered that 105 secret intelligence reports be handed over to a judge investigating allegations that Paris helped Rwanda's former Hutu government massacre ethnic Tutsis in a 1994 genocide.
    (Reuters, 11/2/06)
2006        Oct 31, India's central bank warned of overheating and juggled interest rates in a mid-term policy review aimed at keeping prices in check. In southern India a passenger train crashed into an auto-rickshaw at an unmanned rail crossing, killing all 18 people in the rickshaw.
    (AFP, 10/31/06)(AP, 11/1/06)
2006        Oct 31, Al-Sadr ordered Sadr City closed to the Iraqi government until US troops lifted what he called their "siege" of the neighborhood. US troops abandoned checkpoints around Sadr City on orders from Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki. Iraqi state television presenter, Sherin Hamid, and her driver were found dead in central Baghdad, a day after they were abducted by gunmen. 3 people were killed and five injured by a car bomb in Sadr City. At least three Iraqi policemen were also reported killed in Baghdad and Fallujah. The bodies five unidentified people, including a woman, were found dumped in eastern Baghdad. 5 more bodies in similar condition were floating in the Tigris River near Suwayrah. The morgue in the town of Kut reported receiving 10 bodies, including those of five people allegedly killed by US forces in a raid on a house in the Shejeriyah area. In Baqouba unidentified gunmen killed 3 people in a downtown market and attacked a police patrol, killing one officer and injuring two others. 5 bodies were found in the Abu Seida district, 25 kilometers northeast of the city. More than 40 Shiites were abducted along a dangerous highway just north of Baghdad near the town of Tarmiyah. At least 8 other people were either found dead or slain in new attacks. A suicide bombing at a wedding party in Baghdad killed 23, including 9 children. Haidar Muhsin, an Iraqi translator with US forces, was shot dead in front of his home in Diwaniyah. US troops killed five suspected insurgents and detained one during a raid in Baghdad. The US military announced the deaths of two soldiers in fighting in the Baghdad area, one from small arms fire, the other from a roadside bomb.
    (AP, 10/31/06)(AP, 11/1/06)(AP, 11/2/06)
2006        Oct 31, Italy said it would beef up security in Naples by adding 1,000 patrol officers and surveillance cameras amid an upsurge of slayings around a city already known for street violence and organized crime.
    (AP, 10/31/06)
2006        Oct 31, PM Shinzo Abe said Japan will continue assisting Equatorial Guinea in its efforts to promote democracy. Abe made the pledge during a 45-minute meeting with Equatorial Guinea's President Teodoro Obiang Nguema in Tokyo.
    (AFP, 10/31/06)
2006        Oct 31, In Kuwait an Iraqi government spokesman said Iraq needs around $100 billion in the next four to five years to recover and rebuild its infrastructure at the opening of an international aid meeting.
    (AP, 110/31/06)
2006        Oct 31, In Mexico youths roamed the streets of Oaxaca tossing gasoline bombs, hijacking vehicles and vowing to keep fighting for the state governor's ouster. Congress urged the governor to resign and leftist leaders urged national support for the movement.
    (AP, 10/31/06)
2006        Oct 31, North Korea agreed to rejoin six-nation nuclear disarmament talks in a surprise diplomatic breakthrough.
    (AP, 10/31/06)
2006        Oct 31, In Pakistan an appeals court overturned the convictions of four terror suspects in a 2002 car bombing outside the US Consulate in Karachi that killed 14 Pakistanis. Some 15,000 bearded men wearing turbans burned effigies of US President George W. Bush and shouted "Death to Musharraf" in the troubled Bajaur tribal region, which borders Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 10/31/06)
2006        Oct 31, In South Africa P.W. Botha (b.1916), the apartheid-era leader (1978-1989) who resisted pressure to release Nelson Mandela from prison in the 1980s, died.
    (AP, 11/1/06)
2006        Oct 29, Attacks in West Darfur, Sudan, killed at least 63 people, half of them children. Some 300 to 500 Arab militiamen on horseback raided at least eight villages as well as the Hajlija IDP camp.
    (AP, 11/3/06)
2006        Oct 31, Flooding from torrential rains killed 22 people across Turkey, including 14 who died when a minibus carrying wedding guests was swept away.
    (AP, 11/1/06)
2006        Oct 31, Typhoon Cimaron headed toward eastern Vietnam after leaving at least 15 dead in landslides and flooding in the northern Philippines.
    (AP, 10/31/06)

2006        Oct, The Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) opened its Janelia Farm Research Campus in Ashburn, Va. the new $500 million lab, designed by Rafael Vinoly, planned to engage in long-term medical research.
    (WSJ, 9/22/06, p.B1)
2006         Oct, Prof. Michael Waldman, a Cornell Univ. economist, authored a paper which suggested that early childhood TV viewing might trigger autism.
    (WSJ, 2/27/07, p.A1)
2006        Oct, Thousands of centipedes again plagued the western Austrian village of Roens. For the past 6 years the venomous arthropods have invaded the village in the spring and autumn, and scientists have had no explanation.
    (SFC, 10/14/06, p.C8)
2006        Oct, China’s trade surplus rose to a record $23.8 billion.
    (Econ, 11/11/06, p.9)
2006        Oct, In India AT&T became the first foreign telecom to win a license to operate freely. This followed a cut in fees and a legal change that allowed foreign firms to own up to 74% of their Indian subsidiaries.
    (Econ, 12/9/06, p.68)
2006        Oct, Indonesia began a massive crackdown on illegal smelters on the island of Bangka. 37 smelters were shut down for lack of proper licenses.
    (Econ, 3/3/07, p.81)
2006        Oct, Iftikhar Chaudhry, Pakistan's chief justice, decided to take up the cases of some 400 men who had disappeared since 2001 at the hands of the military and intelligence services. On March 9, 2007, Pres. Musharraf replaced him on the grounds of “misuse of authority."
    (SFC, 7/19/07, p.A12)
2006        Oct, Poland’s government passed a law to give politicians greater power to appoint top civil servants, and scrapped the independent civil-service office.
    (Econ, 12/2/06, p.55)
2006        Oct, In Thailand Queen Sirikit saw news reports that showed footage from a nearby motorcycle shop that had hired a group of Coyote Girls to promote its wares. The dancers were named after the 2000 American film "Coyote Ugly," about a group of sassy 20-somethings who dance seductively on a New York City bar top. The queen’s reaction prompted a crackdown that turned Coyote Girls into a subject of national debate and official disapproval.
    (AP, 12/27/06)
2006        Oct, Adnan Oktar (b.1956), a Turkish preacher who writes under the name of Harun Yahya, published his “Atlas of Creation." The book offers over 770 pages of images comparing fossils with present-day animals to argue that Allah created all life as it is and evolution never took place. In 2009 Oktar continued work on a the 5th volume of his planned 14-part masterwork.
    (Econ, 4/21/07, p.23)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adnan_Oktar)(Econ, 3/7/09, p.A1)

2006        Nov 1, US President George W. Bush renewed US economic sanctions on Sudan for one year and left open the door to imposing new ones linked to the violence in Darfur.
    (AFP, 11/1/06)
2006        Nov 1, Senator John Kerry, D-Mass., apologized to "any service member, family member or American" offended by his "botched joke" about how young people might get "stuck in Iraq" if they did not study hard and do their homework.
    (AP, 11/1/07)
2006        Nov 1, In Indiana Stephanie Wagner, a missing 16-year-old girl, was found dead in a field. Authorities jailed Danny R. Rouse (51), her restaurant co-worker and a convicted child murderer, who confessed to killing the teen. Rouse was released from prison in March after serving more than 26 years for murdering a 5-year-old Kansas boy in 1979.
    (AP, 11/2/06)
2006        Nov 1, In Lawrenceville, Ga., Khalid Adem (30), an Ethiopian immigrant, was convicted of genital mutilation of his 2-year-old daughter. He was sentenced to 10 years in prison.
    (SFC, 11/2/06, p.A3)
2006        Nov 1, CVS announced that it would acquire Caremark Rx, a big pharmacy benefits manager, for about $21 billion in stock. This was America’s largest health-services takeover.
    (Econ, 11/4/06, p.75)
2006        Nov 1, Adrienne Shelly (b.1966), actress and director, was found by her husband hanging by a bed sheet in their Manhattan apartment in an apparent suicide. In 2008 Diego Pillco (20), an illegal immigrant from Ecuador, pleaded guilty to manslaughter and was sentenced to 25 years in prison.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adrienne_Shelly)(SFC, 3/14/08, p.A4)
2006        Nov 1, William Styron (81), novelist from the American South, died in Massachusetts. His books included “The Confessions of Nat Turner" (1967) and “Sophie’s Choice" (1979). In 1953 he had helped establish the Paris Review.
    (SFC, 11/2/06, p.B7)(Econ, 11/11/06, p.95)
    (AP, 11/24/06)
2006        Nov 1, Alexander Litvinenko, a former KGB agent, met with Mario Scaramella, an Italian muckraker, at a Picadilly sushi bar. He also met with 2 or more visiting ex-KGB Russians. On Nov 23 Litvinenko died of poisoning from radioactive element polonium-210. In 2007 British prosecutors requested the extradition of Andrei Lugovoi, one of the former KGB agents present at the meeting, in order to charge him with murder.
    (Econ, 12/16/06, p.22)(WSJ, 5/23/07, p.A14)
2006        Nov 1, An ammonia gas leak in central China killed one person, injured six and forced the evacuation of about 20,000 residents. Ammonia gas leaked out of a broken pipe at a chemical fertilizer factory in the Dawu county of Hubei province.
    (AP, 11/1/06)
2006        Nov 1, In Colombia the peasant-based FARC killed 16 police officers and a civilian at a remote outpost in an attack that appeared to be part of a coordinated national offensive.
    (AP, 11/2/06)(WSJ, 11/2/06, p.A1)
2006        Nov 1, Congo's government welcomed a decision by the US to impose sanctions on seven warlords and businessmen who are accused of fueling instability in this vast country's lawless east.
    (AP, 11/1/06)
2006        Nov 1, Fiji's prime minister insisted that his government would not step down despite pressure from the country's military commander, whose relentless criticism of the administration has raised fears of a possible coup.
    (AP, 11/1/06)
2006        Nov 1, Bangalore, India, changed its name to Bengaluru, the same as its name in Kannada, the local language. Bangalore, according to state historians, got its name from Bendakalooru (the town of boiled beans) after a king strayed into the area during a hunting trip in the late 14th century.
    (SFC, 11/2/06, p.C1)(AFP, 11/2/06)
2006        Nov 1, Ignoring widespread condemnation, Iran awarded the top prize in a Holocaust cartoon contest to a Moroccan artist for his depiction of Israel's security wall with a picture of the Auschwitz concentration camp on it.
    (AP, 11/2/06)
2006        Nov 1, In Iraq unknown gunmen riding in a private car shot dead police officer Izzaddin Abbas in central Baghdad as he rode his motorcycle home. A clerk with the Ministry of Industry was shot and killed in northeastern Baghdad as he was driving to work. Two court officials were killed when their jeep exploded as it crossed a bridge leading over the Tigris. A car bomb and a mortar attack killed two police officers and six civilians. A police officer was among three people shot dead in the northern city of Mosul. Mosul police also discovered the charred body of an apparent murder victim. The bodies of three people who were shot after being blindfolded and bound at the wrists were found dumped in the capital's eastern districts. US military killed Rafa al-Ithawi, also known as Abu Taha, a mid-ranking member of al-Qaida in Iraq and his driver in an air strike in Ramadi. Gunmen abducted a man who coached blind athletes and the head of Iraq's national basketball federation.
    (AP, 11/1/06)(AFP, 11/1/06)(AP, 11/2/06)
2006        Nov 1, Israeli troops, backed by tanks and helicopter gunships, killed at least six Palestinian militants. The raid left 9 Palestinians and a soldier dead.
    (AP, 11/1/06)(WSJ, 11/2/06, p.A1)
2006        Nov 1, In Nigeria a court of appeal in Ibadan, capital of the southwestern Oyo state, declared unconstitutional the removal earlier this year of governor Rasheed Ladoja by local lawmakers. Ladoja was impeached by a faction of the state parliament on January 12 for alleged corruption and abuse of office and was replaced by his deputy, Adebayo Alao-Akala.
    (AFP, 11/4/06)
2006        Nov 1, North Korea said it was returning to nuclear disarmament talks to get access to its frozen overseas bank accounts, a vital source of hard currency.
    (AP, 11/1/06)
2006        Nov 1, A Swedish freighter capsized and sank in a storm on the Baltic Sea, forcing its 14-member crew to jump overboard to save themselves. Rescue officials said helicopters plucked all but one man from the high waves and chilly waters. The 500-foot-long Finnbirch went down between the Swedish islands of Gotland and Oland.
    (AP, 11/1/06)
2006        Nov 1, In Turkey a court acquitted a 92-year-old retired archaeologist who was put on trial for writing in a book that Islamic-style head scarves date back more than 5,000 years, several millennia before the birth of Islam, and were worn by priestesses who initiated young men into sex.
    (AP, 11/1/06)
2006        Nov 1, The UN Security Council voted unanimously to extend Ivory Coast's transitional government for a final year and give new powers to the country's unelected prime minister to implement a peace plan and prepare for long-delayed elections.
    (AP, 11/1/06)
2006        Nov 1, The UN Security Council agreed on a list of banned items that could be used to make nuclear, chemical and biological weapons or ballistic missiles and ordered all countries to prevent North Korea from importing or exporting the items.
    (AP, 11/1/06)
2006        Nov 1, Venezuela’s President Hugo Chavez handed public workers $3 billion in Christmas bonuses 1 1/2 months early, angering opposition leaders who called it part of a cynical pattern of public handouts ahead of a December presidential election.
    (AP, 11/2/06)
2006        Nov 1, Venezuela and US-backed Guatemala agreed to withdraw from the race and support Panama, a compromise reached after voting in the UN General Assembly dragged through 47 rounds of balloting.
    (AP, 11/2/06)

2006        Nov 2, In Denver, Colo., Rev. Ted Haggard, a leading evangelist and outspoken opponent of gay marriage, gave up his post as president of the National Association of Evangelicals while a church panel investigates allegations he paid a man for sex. Haggard later confessed he was guilty of sexual immorality.
    (AP, 11/3/06)(AP, 11/2/07)
2006        Nov 2, The Jackson Pollock painting “No. 5 1948" was reportedly sold for a record $140 million. David Geffen, entertainment mogul sold the work to David Martinez, a Mexican financier.
    (SFC, 11/3/06, p.A10)
2006        Nov 2, NASA lost contact with the Mars Global Surveyor following a successful 10-year mapping mission. Investigators in 2007 said a command sent to a wrong computer address caused a cascade of events that led to loss of power.
    (http://tinyurl.com/y8wtv3)(SFC, 4/14/07, p.A5)
2006        Nov 2, In Tennessee 81% of voters approved a constitutional amendment to ban same-sex marriage in the state.
    (SFC, 6/27/15, p.A13)
2006        Nov 2, In Afghanistan a NATO airstrike in Helmand province killed nine militants and wounded 30. Militants attacked an Afghan army patrol in the eastern province of Laghman, killing one solider and injuring three. British Corporal Daniel James, an interpreter to Lieutenant General David Richards, allegedly passed secrets to "the enemy," believed to be Iran. James faced initial court proceedings in London in December. Richards was the commander of NATO troops in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 11/4/06)(AFP, 12/27/06)
2006        Nov 2, Algerian rebels shot dead 8 soldiers in an ambush in the heaviest reported government losses for seven months in the north African country's lingering political violence.
    (Reuters, 11/4/06)
2006        Nov 2, In Colombia a jeep carrying explosives blew up south of Bogota, killing two passengers and probably preempting a leftist rebel attack.
    (AP, 11/3/06)
2006        Nov 2, Thousands returned to the polls in a northeast Congo town and recast ballots destroyed in rioting that followed the weekend presidential runoff.
    (AP, 11/2/06)
2006        Nov 2, Commonwealth Secretary General Don McKinnon warned Fiji's military commander against a coup after the commander said that the Pacific island nation could be sliding towards "bloodshed."
    (AFP, 11/2/06)
2006        Nov 2, Hundreds of euro bills in Germany have mysteriously disintegrated in the last several months, apparently due to exposure to sulfuric acid.
    (AFP, 11/2/06)
2006        Nov 2, India's army chief has ordered an investigation into a string of recent incidents of soldiers fatally shooting their colleagues in India's insurgency-wracked portion of Kashmir. There have been at least four cases over the past 10 days of distraught soldiers in Kashmir shooting colleagues to death, then committing suicide.
    (AP, 11/2/06)
2006        Nov 2, Iran successfully test-fired three new models of sea missiles in a show of force to assert its military capacities in the Gulf.
    (AP, 11/3/06)
2006        Nov 2, Iraqi President Jalal Talabani said on a trip to France that it would take his country two or three years to set up its own security forces and send U.S.-led troops home. Gunmen killed Jassim al-Asadi, the Shiite dean of Baghdad University's school of administration and economics, along with his wife and son. Abdul-Majid Ismail Khalil, an Iraqi journalist who was kidnapped Oct 18, was found dead. A motorcycle rigged with explosives blew up in a crowded market in Baghdad's Shiite Sadr City district, killing at least seven people and wounding 45. Attacks across the country left 45 Iraqis dead. 3 US soldiers died when the vehicle they were riding in was struck by a roadside bomb in eastern Baghdad. One Marine died from injuries "due to enemy action" in Anbar province.
    (AP, 11/2/06)(AP, 11/3/06)(WSJ, 11/3/06, p.A1)
2006        Nov 2, Israeli helicopter gunships, tanks and ground troops tightened their grip on Beit Hanoun, a northern Gaza town they overran a day before. 9 Palestinians were killed in Israel's biggest push in months to stop militant rocket fire.
    (AP, 11/2/06)(SFC, 11/3/06, p.A22)(WSJ, 11/3/06, p.A1)
2006        Nov 2, In Mexico, protesters besieging Oaxaca City forced federal police to retreat from the gates of the state university after six hours of pitched fighting and the rector's call for an end to the government "attack."
    (AP, 11/3/06)
2006        Nov 2, Authorities in Nigeria named Muhammadu Sada Abubakar III (50), an army colonel, as the country's top Muslim leader, replacing his brother Muhammadu Maccido, the Sultan of Sokoto, who died in a plane crash last weekend. Armed gunmen seized two expatriate oil workers, an American and a Briton, during a raid on a Norwegian oil services ship off Nigeria's southern coast.
    (AP, 11/2/06)
2006        Nov 2, In the southwestern Pakistani city of Quetta a car bomb exploded near the police chief's headquarters, killing two policemen and wounding four other people.
    (AP, 11/2/06)
2006        Nov 2, Russia's state-controlled natural gas monopoly said that it would more than double the price it charges Georgia, further heightening tensions between the ex-Soviet neighbors.
    (AP, 11/2/06)
2006        Nov 2, Russia and China indicated that they will not support a draft UN resolution imposing tough sanctions on Iran for its refusal to halt its nuclear enrichment program.
    (AP, 11/2/06)
2006        Nov 2, Senegal moved closer to bringing Hissene Habre, a former Chadian dictator accused of war crimes, to justice after the government announced that local laws would be revised and a special commission formed to organize and oversee his trial.
    (AP, 11/3/06)
2006        Nov 2, Sri Lankan war planes pounded suspected Tamil Tiger targets for a third straight day after the defense ministry said the guerrillas were preparing for a major offensive. A military bomb attack inside the rebel political capital of Kilinochchi hit a house, killing five people.
    (AFP, 11/3/06)
2006        Nov 2, In St. Maarten 4 French nationals were convicted of beating two gay American tourists on Guadeloupe and were sentenced to between six months and six years in prison.
    (AP, 11/2/06)
2006        Nov 2, The UN management chief said an investigation into corruption was "at full throttle" and he urged anyone with relevant information to cooperate.
    (AP, 11/3/06)

2006        Nov 3, US Rep. Bob Ney, R-Ohio, who had pleaded guilty in the Jack Abramoff influence-peddling investigation, resigned from Congress.
    (AP, 11/3/07)
2006        Nov 3, The US Labor Dept. said the jobless rate fell last month to 4.4%, a 5 year low.
    (WSJ, 11/4/06, p.A1)
2006        Nov 3, The film “Borat: Cultural Learnings of America for Make Benefit Glorious Nation of Kazakhstan" opened nationwide in the US.
    (Econ, 11/11/06, p.68)(www.premiere.com/moviereviews/3082/borat.html)
2006        Nov 3, US and Canadian researchers reported that the world's fish and seafood could disappear by 2048 as overfishing and pollution destroy ocean ecosystems at an accelerating pace.
    (AFP, 11/3/06)
2006        Nov 3, The UN weather agency said heat-trapping greenhouse gases in the atmosphere reached a record high in 2005 and are still increasing.
    (AP, 11/3/06)
2006        Nov 3, In Afghanistan NATO troops backed by warplanes launched a raid north of Kabul, hitting a compound with eight to 10 suspected Taliban fighters inside in the Tagab Valley, some 40 miles northeast of Kabul. Taliban fighters attacked a supply convoy heading to a NATO base in Khost province, killing two Pakistani drivers and wounding an Afghan driver. Gabriele Torsello, Italian photojournalist, was released after being held three weeks by abductors who demanded the withdrawal of Italian troops from the country.
    (AP, 11/3/06)(AP, 11/4/06)
2006        Nov 3, Ben Bradshaw, Britain’s Fisheries Minister, responded to a major report warning that stocks could be wiped out by 2048 by ruling out a complete ban on cod fishing. Bradshaw said that the UK had already taken action by clamping down on illegal fishing and setting fishing quotas.
    (AFP, 11/3/06)
2006        Nov 3, Barclays said it will to pay 144 million dollars to settle litigation arising from the collapse of US energy trading firm Enron in 2001.
    (AFP, 11/3/06)
2006        Nov 3, In Chad rebels intent on toppling Pres. Francois Bozize took the town of Birao. They appeared to be operating out of the Darfur region of Sudan.
    (Econ, 11/11/06, p.54)
2006        Nov 3, Leaders of more than 40 African nations converged on Beijing for a summit at which China will seek to bolster its influence on the resource-rich but economically backward continent.
    (Reuters, 11/3/06)
2006        Nov 3, Egyptian police found more than 3,000 pounds of explosives buried in two caches in the Sinai desert, one of them near the Palestinian-controlled Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 11/3/06)
2006        Nov 3, French conductor Paul Mauriat (81), whose arrangement of "Love is Blue" topped US charts in the 1960s, died in Perpignan, France.
    (AP, 11/3/07)
2006        Nov 3, In Guatemala toddler Anyeli Hernandez Rodriguez (b.2004) was snatched. She was later adopted by a Missouri couple. As of 2012 the US would not return the girl because the two countries only signed the Hague Abduction Convention on Jan 1, 2008. The girl left Guatemala on Dec. 9, 2008.
    (SFC, 5/15/12, p.A2)(http://tinyurl.com/btkmzc6)
2006        Nov 3, In New Delhi, India, the Bush administration won international approval for US farmers to use some 5,900 tons of methyl bromide to kill soil pests in 2008. In 2004 the ozone destroying pesticide was banned by treaty, except for uses deemed critical.
    (SFC, 11/4/06, p.A3)
2006        Nov 3, In Iraq spiraling violence included the discovery of 56 bodies in Baghdad bearing signs of torture. US troops acting on intelligence reports raided a building in Mahmoudiya killing 13 suspected insurgents.
    (AP, 11/3/06)
2006        Nov 3, Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin (44), a sultan in northeastern Malaysia, was elected the country's next constitutional monarch under a unique system where traditional state rulers take turns on the throne for five years. Mizan, whose state has significant offshore oil and gas resources, will assume the throne on Dec. 13 as Malaysia's 13th Yang di-Pertuan Agong, the Malay title of the monarch.
    (AP, 11/3/06)
2006        Nov 3, In Mexico Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, who refused to accept an election tribunal's decision that his opponent narrowly won the presidential election, named his "resistance" government Cabinet.
    (AP, 11/3/06)
2006        Nov 3, In northwestern Pakistan thousands of tribesmen protested a Pakistani airstrike that killed 80 people at an Islamic school. The seminary was run by fugitive cleric Liaquat Hussain, whom officials said was an associate of al-Qaida's No. 2 leader Ayman al-Zawahri. Hussain was killed in the airstrike. A strike closed shops and halted public transport in Khar, the Bajur tribal region's main town.
    (AP, 11/3/06)
2006        Nov 3, Hundreds of Palestinian women in robes and headscarves streamed into a Gaza combat zone to help free gunmen besieged by Israeli troops at a mosque. Two women who came under fire were killed and at least 10 wounded, but some gunmen managed to escape. The 3-day Israeli offensive killed 35 Palestinians.
    (AP, 11/4/06)(WSJ, 11/4/06, p.A1)
2006        Nov 3, Latin American and Caribbean nations unanimously endorsed Panama for a seat on the UN Security Council after Guatemala and Venezuela agreed to withdraw to break a deadlock that dragged on through 47 votes in the General Assembly.
    (AP, 11/3/06)
2006        Nov 3, Russia proposed major amendments to a European draft resolution on Iran, saying it wants sanctions limited to measures that will keep Tehran from developing nuclear weapons and ballistic missiles while keeping the door open for negotiations.
    (AP, 11/3/06)
2006        Nov 3, In Taiwan prosecutors said they have enough evidence to indict President Chen Shui-bian on corruption charges in connection with his handling of a secret diplomatic fund, increasing the pressure on him to resign. Prosecutors charged Wu Shu-chen, the president’s wife, with embezzling $450,000 from a fund used for secret diplomacy.
    (AP, 11/3/06)(Econ, 11/11/06, p.48)
2006        Nov 3, Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir said that his government will not relent on its rejection of UN peacekeeping troops for Darfur. Rebels accused Khartoum of remobilizing Arab militia after suffering two military defeats on the Sudan-Chad border.
    (AP, 11/3/06)
2006        Nov 3, In Uruguay UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan praised leaders at the 16th annual Iberoamerican summit for resolving to make progress on growing illegal immigration in an increasingly mobile world community.
    (AP, 11/3/06)

2006        Nov 4, Katherine Jefferts Schori (52) took office at Washington National Cathedral as the 1st woman to lead the US Episcopal Church and the 1st female to head an Anglican province. The former bishop of Nevada was elected at the Episcopal convention in June.
    (SSFC, 11/5/06, p.A9)
2006        Nov 4, Ernestine Gilbreth Carey (98), co-author of "Cheaper by the Dozen," died in Fresno, Calif.
    (AP, 11/4/07)
2006        Nov 4, In Afghanistan battles continued as NATO forces battled suspected insurgents near Kabul. Afghan authorities reported a dozen people dead in attacks.
    (AP, 11/4/06)
2006        Nov 4, Swathes of Austria, Belgium, Croatia, France, Italy, Spain, Portugal, and the Netherlands and went dark for up to an hour in the late evening as cold Germans rushing to switch on heaters sucked up electricity from Europe's interconnected networks.
    (AP, 11/5/06)
2006        Nov 4, In Britain thousands of environmental campaigners rallied in London ahead of international talks on climate change in Kenya, demanding that world leaders act to curb global warming.
    (AP, 11/4/06)
2006        Nov 4, The Central African Republic's parliament called on the international community and France in particular to aid it against rebels who have seized a northern town. A rebel alliance, the Union of Democratic Forces for the Rally (UFDR) said it had seized the northeastern town of Birao on Oct 30.
    (AFP, 11/4/06)
2006        Nov 4, China launched a sweeping effort to expand its access to Africa's oil and markets, pledging billions of dollars in aid and loans as dozens of leaders from the world's poorest continent opened a conference aimed at building economic ties. President Hu Jintao said China will offer $5 billion in loans and credits, and double aid to Africa by 2009.
    (AP, 11/4/06)(Reuters, 11/4/06)
2006        Nov 4, William Lee Brent (75), a Black Panther who hijacked a passenger jet to communist Cuba in 1969 and spent 37 years in exile, died in Cuba. A decade ago, Times Books published his memoirs, "Long Time Gone," which told of his coming of age on Oakland's streets and of joining the Black Panthers when he was 37, rising to become a bodyguard for leader Eldridge Cleaver.
    (AP, 11/17/06)
2006        Nov 4, Iraqi and US security forces killed 53 suspected insurgents in a raid near Madain, southeast of Baghdad.
    (AP, 11/5/06)
2006        Nov 4, Russian police arrested hundreds of ultranationalist demonstrators who took to Moscow's streets, forcefully putting an end to the banned protest amid an increase in hate crimes.
    (AP, 11/4/06)
2006        Nov 4, Spanish police said that 1.8 billion euros (2.3 billion dollars) had been frozen in bank accounts as investigations continued into possible tax fraud.
    (AP, 11/4/06)
2006        Nov 4, Thousands of people took to the streets across Taiwan to demand President Chen Shui-bian's resignation over a corruption scandal that could land his wife in prison.
    (AP, 11/4/06)
2006        Nov 4, Thousands of nationalist Turks marched in Ankara, vowing to defend the secular regime against radical Islamic influences and urging the government not to make too many concessions in order to gain EU membership.
    (AP, 11/4/06)
2006        Nov 4, In Yemen an appeals court endorsed a lower court's decision to drop the most serious charges against 19 alleged al-Qaida members, clearing all of plotting to assassinate Westerners and blow up a hotel frequented by Americans.
    (AP, 11/4/06)

2006        Nov 5, Marilson Gomes dos Santos of Brazil won the NYC Marathon in 2:09:58. Jelena Prokopcuka of Latvia won the women’s race for the 2nd year in a row in 2:25:05.
    (WSJ, 11/6/06, p.A1)
2006        Nov 5, Saying that he was a "deceiver and liar" who had given in to his dark side, the Rev. Ted Haggard confessed to sexual immorality in a letter read from the pulpit of the New Life Church in Colorado Springs, Colo.
    (AP, 11/5/07)
2006        Nov 5, Rockwall County, Texas, prosecutor Louis "Bill" Conradt Jr. killed himself as police tried to serve him with an arrest warrant alleging he had solicited sex with a minor online.
    (AP, 11/5/07)
2006        Nov 5, In eastern Afghanistan suspected Taliban militants kidnapped four Afghan aid workers.
    (AP, 11/6/06)
2006        Nov 5, In Canada Damon Crooks (28) of Jacksonville, Fla., was stabbed in the early morning outside a downtown club in Halifax after a fight that began inside spilled onto the street. The American sailor killed during the bar brawl was a "Good Samaritan" trying to break up a fight he wasn't even involved in.
    (AP, 11/5/06)
 2006        Nov 5, China and Africa ended an unprecedented summit, signing deals worth $1.9 billion and pledging to boost trade and development between the world's fastest-growing economy and its poorest continent. The leaders of China and 48 African nations pledged to form a new strategic partnership aimed at deepening their political and economic ties.
    (AFP, 11/5/06)
2006        Nov 5, A gas blast in northern China killed 47 miners at the Jiaojiazhai mine in Shanxi province's Xinzhou city.
    (AP, 11/16/06)
 2006        Nov 5, Fiji's military, locked in a standoff with the government, accused Australia on of breaching its sovereignty by sending an unspecified number of police it described as mercenaries into the country.
    (AP, 11/5/06)
2006        Nov 5, In northeast India 8-10 people were killed and 20 wounded when two powerful bombs exploded in Gauhati, the capital of Assam state. Police had killed 3 United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA) leaders on Nov 3, and it looked like a retaliatory strike.
    (AP, 11/5/06)
2006        Nov 5, Saddam Hussein was convicted and sentenced to hang for crimes against humanity in the 1982 killings of 148 people in the Mainly Shiite town of Dujail. Hussein, his half brother and another senior official in his regime were convicted and sentenced to death by the Iraqi High Tribunal. Iraqi security forces closed two Sunni Muslim television stations for violating curfew and a law that bans airing material that could undermine the country's stability. The bodies of 50 murder victims were discovered, the bulk of them in Baghdad. The US military announced the death of an Army soldier in fighting in western Baghdad.
    (AP, 11/5/06)(AP, 11/6/06)(Econ, 11/11/06, p.8)
 2006        Nov 5, Israel’s PM Ehud Olmert pledged to press ahead with Israel's offensive in the Gaza Strip until the army significantly decreases Palestinian rocket fire on Israel.
    (AP, 11/5/06)
2006        Nov 5, In the Indian-controlled portion of Kashmir 4 members of a family and two suspected Islamic militants were killed in separate incidents.
    (AP, 11/6/06)
2006        Nov 5, A bomb exploded near police barracks in Beirut, the latest in a series of attacks targeting police in the Lebanese capital.
    (AP, 11/5/06)
2006        Nov 5, In Libya Idrees Mohammed Boufayed (49), a vocal critic of Libyan leader Moamer Kadhafi's regime, was detained after being summoned to the internal security agency. The doctor, who had lived in Switzerland for 16 years, returned from exile in September to develop the National Union for Reform opposition party he founded 18 months ago.
    (AFP, 12/4/06)
2006        Nov 5, Nepal's rebel leader Prachanda said they have made significant progress in peace talks with the government and have informally agreed to lock up weapons under United Nations supervision.
    (AP, 11/5/06)
2006        Nov 5, In Nicaragua Sandinista leader Daniel Ortega makes his fourth attempt to return to the presidency.
    (AP, 11/5/06)
2006        Nov 5, Pakistan, under international pressure to stop militants from crossing over its border with Afghanistan, said it was willing to fence off the frontier.
    (AP, 11/5/06)
2006        Nov 5, A delegation of Somali lawmakers broke ranks with the government and traveled to the capital to hold peace talks with the country's Islamic militia, the latest sign of cracks in the fragile administration.
    (AP, 11/5/06)
2006        Nov 5, Taiwanese President Chen Shui-bian apologized for causing political turmoil that hurt "the nation's image," but he denied prosecutors' allegations that he was involved in embezzling money from a special fund for diplomacy. Chen Shui-bian said he would resign from office if his wife was found guilty of corruption and forgery charges.
    (AFP, 11/5/06)
 2006        Nov 5, In Thailand a bomb blast killed two soldiers and injured three others in the restive south. 4 people were shot dead and six wounded in a string of shootings and simultaneous bomb attacks in the south. PM Surayud Chulanont apologized to Muslims for the government's failure to quell the long-running insurgency.
    (AFP, 11/5/06)
2006        Nov 5, Bulent Ecevit (81) former 4-time Prime Minister of Turkey (1973-2002), died. Ecevit was a political force in Turkey for almost half a century. He had ordered the invasion of Cyprus and later pushed his country toward the West.
    (AP, 11/5/06)(Econ, 11/11/06, p.97)

2006        Nov 6, Kenny Chesney won entertainer of the year and Brooks & Dunn's inspirational song "Believe" won three trophies, including single and song of the year, at the 40th Annual Country Music Association Awards.
    (AP, 11/6/07)
2006        Nov 6, On the eve of midterm elections, Democrats criticized Republicans as stewards of a stale status quo while President Bush campaigned from Florida to Arkansas to Texas in a drive to preserve GOP control of Congress.
    (AP, 11/6/07)
2006        Nov 6, US military trade papers published an editorial calling for the ouster of Defense Sec. Donald Rumsfeld. Rumsfeld signed a letter of resignation on this day, but Pres. Bush waited until Nov 8, one day after elections to make the announcement.
    (SSFC, 11/5/06, p.A18)(SFC, 8/14/07, p.A7)
2006        Nov 6, AIDS researchers reported encouraging results for a vaccine based on genetically altered HIV.
    (WSJ, 11/7/06, p.A1)
2006        Nov 6, In Danville, Ca., Dimitra Mantas (43) was bludgeoned to death by her son (16), a user of methamphetamine. In 2008 a judge ruled that Andrew Mantas was incompetent to stand trial.
    (SFC, 11/7/06, p.B1)(SFC, 5/31/08, p.B3)
2006        Nov 6, Transparency International, a watchdog group, reported that nearly three-quarters of 163 countries ranked in a new survey suffer from a perception of serious corruption, while in nearly half it is seen as rampant. Finland, Iceland and New Zealand ranked as the least corrupt, while Haiti, Guinea and Myanmar ranked as most corrupt.
    (AP, 11/6/06)(Econ, 11/11/06, p.69)
2006        Nov 6, Afghan and US-led troops detained six suspected extremists, including one described as a "known al-Qaida terrorist." Taliban fighters ambushed a police patrol, killing one policeman and wounding two in Zabul province. One Taliban fighter was killed in an ensuing fight. In Helmand province Afghan and NATO forces carried out an operation against Taliban fighters, killing two. An Afghan army soldier was killed when another IED struck a military patrol in the Gereshk area of Helmand province.
    (AP, 11/6/06)(AP, 11/7/06)
2006        Nov 6, Chile’s President Michelle Bachelet opened an international gathering of socialist leaders in Santiago by urging them to take advantage of the "reality" of globalization instead of fighting it. Police in Chile arrested 4 suspected computer hackers for allegedly belonging to a group accused of breaking into thousands of government Web sites around the globe, including NASA's.
    (AP, 11/7/06)
2006        Nov 6, China's relations with Zimbabwe are "unshakeable", President Hu Jintao said as he met Pres. Mugabe amid accusations that Beijing's ties help shore up a pariah regime.
    (AFP, 11/6/06)
2006        Nov 6, Iraq’s Shiite-dominated government offered a major concession to Sunnis that could give jobs back to members of the Baath Party. A US helicopter crashed in Salahuddin province, killing two American soldiers on board. 2 Marines and a soldier were killed in fighting in Anbar province. In northern Iraq flash floods caused by heavy rain killed 18 people and injured 20.
    (AP, 11/6/06)(SFC, 11/7/06, p.A13)
2006        Nov 6, A female suicide bomber approached Israeli troops in the northern Gaza Strip and blew herself up. One soldier was lightly wounded in the blast.
    (AP, 11/6/06)
2006        Nov 6, Hundreds of Israelis of Ethiopian descent clashed with police and briefly blocked a main road leading into Jerusalem in a protest of the Health Ministry's wholesale discarding of donated Ethiopian blood.
    (AP, 11/6/06)
2006        Nov 6, In Italy a Milan court sentenced Rabei Osman Sayed Ahmed, the accused mastermind of the March 2004 train bombings in Madrid, to 10 years in jail for membership of a terrorist organization. A second Egyptian, Yahya Mawad Mohamed Rajeh, was sentenced to five years in jail in the case.
    (AFP, 11/6/06)(WSJ, 11/7/06, p.A1)
2006        Nov 6, In Kenya thousands of delegates from around the world opened a UN conference on next steps to ward off the worst effects of climate change.
    (AP, 11/6/06)
2006        Nov 6, Kyrgyzstan President Kurmanbek Bakiyev agreed to several opposition demands after five days of rallies demanding his resignation. Police officers guarding the presidential headquarters switched over to the protesters' side.
    (AP, 11/6/06)
2006        Nov 6, In Mexico City simultaneous explosions hit the Federal Electoral Tribunal, a bank branch and the headquarters of the former ruling party early in the day. Authorities deactivated a homemade explosive device at a second bank branch.
    (AP, 11/6/06)
2006        Nov 6, In the Netherlands 6 people were arrested on suspicion of recruiting volunteers for jihad, or Islamic holy war, prosecutors said after a year-long investigation.
    (AFP, 11/7/06)
2006        Nov 6, In Nicaragua Daniel Ortega appeared headed back to the presidency 16 years after a U.S.-backed rebellion helped oust the former Marxist revolutionary. Partial results and the country's top electoral watchdog indicated he had easily defeated four opponents.
    (AP, 11/6/06)
2006        Nov 6, Nigeria signed a deal with British firm Surrey Satellite Technology Limited (SSTL) to build an earth observation satellite.
    (AFP, 11/6/06)
2006        Nov 6, In northern Somalia Islamic fighters clashed with government militia backed by Ethiopian forces.
    (SFC, 11/7/06, p.A18)
2006        Nov 6, South Africa's top appeals court dented ex-Deputy President Jacob Zuma's chances of becoming the next president when it confirmed corruption convictions against a former financial adviser.
    (Reuters, 11/6/06)
2006        Nov 6, Syria's foreign minister said his country was ready to resume peace talks with Israel and he urged the Jewish state's government to heed calls from within the country for renewed negotiations.
    (AP, 11/7/06)
2006        Nov 6, Tajikistan's President Emomali Rakhmonov won re-election to a new, seven-year term according to preliminary results that gave him nearly 80% of the vote. Foreign observers said the vote was flawed.
    (AP, 11/7/06)
2006        Nov 6, Canada’s Heritage Oil reported an oil find on the Ugandan side of Lake Albert.
    (Econ, 8/25/07, p.45)(http://tinyurl.com/36dnbm)

2006        Nov 7, In a rout once considered almost inconceivable, Democrats won a 51st seat in the Senate and regained total control of Congress after 12 years of near-domination by the Republican Party. Almost 79 million people voted in the election, with Democrats drawing more support than Republicans for the first time in a midterm election since 1990.
    (AP, 11/9/06)
2006        Nov 7, Arizona became the first US state to defeat  an amendment to ban gay marriage. The passage of Proposition 200 would entitle one voter to win $1 million just for voting in the nation’s first ballot box lottery.
    (SFC, 11/4/06, p.A1)(AP, 11/8/06)
2006        Nov 7, Jerry Brown, mayor of Oakland and former California state governor, was elected as state attorney general.
    (AP, 11/9/06)
2006        Nov 7, California voters passed Prop. 83, also known as Jessica’s Law, by 70.5% increasing sentences for sex offenders and prohibited them from residing within 2,000 feet of a school or park.
    (SFC, 10/2/14, p.D2)(SFC, 6/19/15, p.D2)
2006        Nov 7, Joe Lieberman, running as an independent, won the Connecticut Senate race over Ned Lamont with 52% of the vote.
    (Econ, 11/11/06, p.37)
2006        Nov 7, Charlie Crist was elected governor of Florida over Democrat Jim Davis.
    (http://tinyurl.com/tom9x)
2006        Nov 7, Eliot Spitzer defeated John Faso to become the first Democratic governor of New York since 1994. He faced budget gaps of almost $7 billion over the next 2 years along with a bloated Medicaid program.
    (http://tinyurl.com/ycxm58)(Econ, 11/4/06, p.37)
2006        Nov 7, Keith Ellison, a Democratic state lawmaker from Minnesota, became the first Muslim elected to Congress.
    (AP, 11/7/07)
2006        Nov 7, Missouri approved a measure backing stem cell research.
    (AP, 11/8/06)
2006        Nov 7, South Dakota rejected a law that would have banned virtually all abortions.
    (AP, 11/8/06)
2006        Nov 7, Dan Patrick, conservative talk show host from Houston, was elected to the state Senate. He planned to continued broadcasting from Austin.
    (Econ, 12/16/06, p.33)
2006        Nov 7, Bernard Sanders from Vermont was elected to the U.S. Senate over GOP opponent Richard Tarrant and became the first socialist in the U.S. Senate. He had been a member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Vermont for 16 years (1991-2007). For purposes of committee assignments he is counted as a Democrat.
    (SSFC, 11/5/06, p.A8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bernie_Sanders)
2006        Nov 7, Voters in Seattle rejected a measure that would have require erotic dancers to stay at least four feet from patrons.
    (Reuters, 11/11/06)
2006        Nov 7, Pop star Britney Spears filed for divorce from Kevin Federline.
    (AP, 11/7/07)
2006        Nov 7, In Afghanistan a suicide attacker detonated explosives strapped to his body near the vehicle of the chief of the Tanai district on the border with Pakistan. District chief Badi-ulzaman and his two police guards were wounded in the suicide attack.
    (AP, 11/7/06)
2006        Nov 7, Australia's Senate narrowly voted to lift the country's ban on cloning human embryos for stem cell research. A leading expert at a crisis summit said Australia, already the world's driest inhabited continent, is in the grip of its worst drought in 1,000 years.
    (AP, 11/7/06)(AFP, 11/7/06)
2006        Nov 7, Britain's lawmakers granted posthumous pardons for soldiers executed during World War I, ending years of campaigning by the families of men condemned to death for cowardice. Dhiren Barot (34), an al-Qaida operative who planned to blow up landmark London hotels using limos packed with gas tanks, napalm and nails, and plotted to attack the New York Stock Exchange and the World Bank, was sentenced in London to life in prison.
    (AP, 11/7/06)
2006        Nov 7, Rebels ambushed a police convoy in Chechnya, killing 7 police officers. Lt. Col. Nikolai Varavin, a spokesman for Russian forces in Chechnya, said that up to 700 militants continue operating in the province's mountains.
    (AP, 11/9/06)
2006        Nov 7, China and Egypt agreed to co-operate on the peaceful use of nuclear energy, state media said, in a development that could rile the United States, a traditional Cairo ally.
    (AFP, 11/8/06)
2006        Nov 7, An independent commission said it will demarcate the contested Ethiopian-Eritrean border on maps and leave the rival nations to establish the physical boundary themselves. It said both Ethiopian and Eritrean officials were invited to a November 20 meeting in The Hague to discuss the procedure.
    (Reuters, 11/14/06)
2006        Nov 7, French authorities handed over to Spain Jose Javier Arizcuren Ruiz, a former leading member of the armed Basque separatist group ETA, who police blame for killing at least 15 people and planning several major attacks. Ruiz, also known as "Kantauri," was arrested in Paris in 1999 and served time in a French prison on charges of being a member of an armed group.
    (AP, 11/7/06)
2006        Nov 7, A shipload of toxic waste arrived in France for disposal. It was collected from the Ivory Coast following illegal dumping last August.
    (WSJ, 11/8/06, p.A1)
2006        Nov 7, In France Jean-Jacques Servan-Schreiber (1924), who co-founded the French newsweekly L'Express (1953) and encouraged Europe to emulate the United States, died. In 1967 Servan-Schreiber published a popular essay called "The American Challenge," which detailed the mechanisms of an economic power struggle brewing between Europe and the US.
    (AP, 11/8/06)
2006        Nov 7, A somber Saddam Hussein called on Iraqis to forgive each other, when he returned to court two days after being sentenced to death for crimes against humanity in another case. Iraq's Interior Ministry said that it has charged 57 members of the Iraqi police, including a general, in the alleged torture of hundreds of detainees at a prison in eastern Baghdad. Mortar attacks across the Tigris between Shiites and Sunnis killed 21 people. 15 bodies, victims of sectarian torture, were found south of Baghdad.
    (AP, 11/7/06)(WSJ, 11/8/06, p.A1)
2006        Nov 7, Israeli tanks fired two shells at the home of the Hamas lawmaker who organized a women's protest that allowed militants to escape from a northern Gaza mosque under Israeli siege. Israeli forces ended a bloody weeklong operation in the Gaza town of Beit Hanoun, leaving behind a swath of destroyed homes, uprooted trees and streets muddied with sewage water from pipes destroyed by tanks and bulldozers.
    (AP, 11/7/06)
2006        Nov 7, A rare tornado tore across Japan's far north, killing nine people and leaving dozens more destitute.
    (AFP, 11/7/06)
2006        Nov 7, In Kyrgyzstan protesters demanding the Kyrgyz president's resignation clashed with government supporters, but fears of deadly violence eased after lawmakers on both sides said they had agreed on a compromise draft constitution.
    (AP, 11/7/06)
2006        Nov 7, More than 15,000 white-clad supporters of Oaxaca's embattled governor marched through Oaxaca in their biggest show of strength in a six-month conflict that has left at least nine people dead.
    (AP, 11/7/06)
2006        Nov 7, In Nepal peacemakers produced a deal supported by both Maoist rebels and the coalition government.
    (Econ, 11/11/06, p.49)
2006        Nov 7, In Nigeria an American and a Briton kidnapped from a ship mapping petroleum deposits off the oil-rich southern coast were released.
    (AP, 11/7/06)
2006        Nov 7, Panama won a seat on the UN Security Council on the 48th ballot after US-backed Guatemala and Venezuela, led by leftist anti-American President Hugo Chavez, dropped out to end a deadlock.
    (AP, 11/7/06)’
2006        Nov 7, The UN named American diplomat Josette Sheeran the next head of the World Food Program and she said her top priorities will be to ensure no child goes to bed hungry and to reduce hunger-related deaths.
    (AP, 11/7/06)
2006        Nov 7, The World Trade Organization (WTO) has formally approved communist Vietnam's membership of the global free trade system. The US government congratulated Vietnam for winning entry to the WTO, and urged Congress to enact regular trading ties with the communist nation.
    (AFP, 11/7/06)

2006        Nov 8, Pres. Bush announced the resignation of Donald Rumsfeld, US Defense Secretary, and named Robert Gates (63), the current president of Texas A&M Univ., to succeed Rumsfeld. Rumsfeld’s letter of resignation was dated Nov 6., but Pres. Bush waited till after elections to make the announcement.
    (SFC, 11/9/06, p.A13)(SFC, 8/14/07, p.A7)
2006        Nov 8, Democratic gains in Congress were seen around the world as a rejection of the US war in Iraq that led some observers to expect a reassessment of the American course there. The victory would make Nancy Pelosi, Representative of SF, the 1st woman and the 1st Californian to serve as speaker of the House. Pelosi promised a 6-pronged action plan: A new direction for America, to be enacted within 100 hours of becoming speaker.
    (AP, 11/8/06)(SFC, 11/8/06, p.A1)(Econ, 11/11/06, p.38)
2006        Nov 8, US Democrats took over Republican–held mansions in 6 states to boast 28 of the nation’s 50 governors. In Massachusetts Deval Patrick succeeded Mitt Romney; in Ohio Ted Strickland won over Kenneth Blackwell by 24 percent; Bill Ritter won in Colorado.
    (Econ, 11/11/06, p.39)(Econ, 8/2/08, p.31)
2006        Nov 8, NATO launched airstrikes as clashes in the southern Afghan province of Kandahar killed 28 suspected Taliban militants. Earlier in Zhari, police fought for three hours with Taliban fighters. The clash left six Taliban dead and four wounded. Suspected Taliban ambushed a police convoy on the main Kandahar-Kabul highway in Shahjoy district of southern Zabul province, killing two police and wounding five. Taliban attacked a police post on a highway about 15 miles southeast of Khost. One policeman was killed and two wounded, and the bodies of about five militants, some dismembered, were left on the battlefield.
    (AP, 11/9/06)
2006        Nov 8, In Barbados the new Trinidad-based Caribbean Court of Justice, in its first death penalty ruling, dismissed an appeal by the Barbados government that sought to restore execution orders for two convicted murderers.
    (AP, 11/8/06)
2006        Nov 8, Canada's homicide rate rose for the second straight year in 2005, fueled in part by an increase in gang-related violence, according to new government statistics.
    (AP, 11/8/06)
2006        Nov 8, The European Commission set Turkey a mid-December deadline to open its ports to shipping from Cyprus or face consequences for its troubled EU membership bid.
    (Reuters, 11/8/06)
2006        Nov 8, Indonesian troops found detonators and 63 tons of explosive powder on a Chinese ship anchored off Batam island after it broke down in the Malacca Strait.
    (AP, 11/8/06)
2006        Nov 8, Iraq's parliament voted to extend the country's state of emergency for 30 more days. A pair of mortar rounds slammed into a soccer field while young men were playing a game in a Shiite district of Baghdad as more than 60 people were killed in attacks nationwide.
    (AP, 11/8/06)
2006        Nov 8, Israeli tank shells crashed into a residential neighborhood north of the town of Beit Hanoun, killing at least 18 people including eight children in their sleep. Israeli forces attacked a group of Palestinian militants near the West Bank town of Jenin, killing four and a civilian. Hamas' exiled leader, Khaled Mashaal, says a 2005 truce with Israel is finished and appealed to all Palestinian factions to resume attacks.
    (AP, 11/8/06)
2006        Nov 8, In Italy gunmen in the Naples area used a stolen ambulance in the drive-by killing of a fellow mob member. At least 9 murders over the last two weeks in the city have prompted calls for tough measures.
    (AP, 11/8/06)
2006        Nov 8, A Kenyan environmentalist and Nobel Peace Prize winner called on people around the world to plant 1 billion trees in the next year, saying the effort is a way ordinary citizens can fight global warming.
    (AP, 11/8/06)
2006        Nov 8, Nepal's Maoists declared an end to a decade of armed struggle and renounced violence following a landmark peace deal with the Himalayan nation's ruling parties.
    (AFP, 11/8/06)
2006        Nov 8, Former Marxist Daniel Ortega, who battled a US-backed insurgency in the 1980s, returned to Nicaragua's presidency calling for reconciliation, stability and a renewed fight against poverty. Ortega won 38% of the vote, a 9 point lead over Eduardo Montealegre.
    (AP, 11/8/06)(Econ, 11/11/06, p.43)
2006        Nov 8, A suicide attack at Pakistan's main army training base killed at least 42 soldiers. Suspicion fell on pro-Taliban militants who had vowed revenge for a deadly helicopter attack on an Islamic school last month.
    (AP, 11/8/06)
2006        Nov 8, Serbia's parliament formally adopted a new constitution reasserting Serbia's claim over Kosovo and ruling out possible independence for the predominantly ethnic Albanian province.
    (AP, 11/8/06)
2006        Nov 8, In Sri Lanka an artillery blitz on a rebel-held area killed about 65 civilians. Next day the government expressed regret, but blamed the Tamil Tigers for using human shields.
    (AFP, 11/9/06)
2006        Nov 8, The UN General Assembly voted overwhelmingly Wednesday to urge the United States to end its 45-year-old trade embargo against Cuba after defeating an amendment calling on Fidel Castro's government to free political prisoners and respect human rights.
    (AP, 11/8/06)

2006        Nov 9, Champion figure skater Michelle Kwan was appointed America's first public diplomacy envoy by Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice.
    (AP, 11/9/07)
2006        Nov 9, Virginia Republican Sen. George Allen conceded his defeat to Democrat James Web. Sen. Conrad Burns conceded the Montana Senate race to Democrat Jon Tester.
    (SFC, 11/10/06, p.A17)
2006        Nov 9, The Nevada Supreme Court upheld a Las Vegas city regulation barring erotic dancers from raunchy physical contact with their customers, in a ruling that runs counter to the gambling city's sinful reputation.
    (Reuters, 11/11/06)
2006        Nov 9, Perrigo Co., a major manufacturer of acetaminophen sold by Wal-Mart, CVS, Safeway and more than 100 other retailers, recalled 11 million bottles of the widely used pain-relieving pills after discovering some were contaminated with metal fragments.
    (AP, 11/9/06)
2006        Nov 9, Ed Bradley (1941), former CBS newsman and 60 Minutes journalist, died in NYC of leukemia.
    (SFC, 11/10/06, p.A15)
2006        Nov 9, Afghan and US troops detained six people, four Afghans, an Arab and a Pakistani in the city of Khost. Later reports said the detainees included Abu Nasir al-Qahtani, one of four Arab al-Qaida operatives who escaped from the US prison in Bagram in July 2005.
    (AP, 11/9/06)(AP, 11/13/06)
2006        Nov 9, In Algeria 7 members of the security forces were killed in an ambush during a cleanup operation in a forest used as a hideout by Islamic extremists, and 13 others were injured, four of them seriously.
    (AP, 11/10/06)
2006        Nov 9, The Economist Magazine presented its annual Innovation Awards. Winners included Marvin Caruthers for the development of automated DNA synthesis; Janus Friis and Niklas Zennstrom of Skype for the development of Internet file-sharing and telephony using peer-to-peer technology; Johannes Poulsen for the commercialization of wind energy; Pierre Omidyar for the development of electronic marketplace technology; Hernando de Soto for the promotion of property rights and economic development; Sam Pitroda for pioneering India’s communications revolution; and Nicolas Hayek (1928-2010) for revitalizing the Swiss watch industry.
    (Econ, 12/2/06, TQ p.16)(SFC, 6/30/10, p.C5)
2006        Nov 9, In southern China police armed with shields, clubs and attack dogs fired tear gas on thousands of villagers protesting what they called a land grab by officials of Sanzhou village in Guangdong province.
    (AP, 11/10/06)
2006        Nov 9, Colombia's Supreme Court ordered three legislators arrested for their alleged ties to the country's far-right paramilitaries.
    (AP, 11/10/06)
2006        Nov 9, Markus Wolf (83), who outwitted the West as communist East Germany's long-serving spymaster, died. Wolf served under Erich Mielke, the hated Stasi chief, from 1956 until the fall of the Berlin Wall. Wolf detailed a string of his sagas in his 1997 book "Memoirs of a Spymaster."
    (AP, 11/9/06)(Econ, 11/18/06, p.90)
2006        Nov 9, Iraq’s health minister estimated that 150,000 civilians have been killed in the 3 ½ year war. Nearly simultaneous car bombs struck two markets in predominantly Shiite areas of Baghdad, killing at least 16 people, as many Iraqis cheered the resignation of US Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld. Iraqi soldiers descended on a building in the city of Rawah, 175 miles northwest of Baghdad, where they arrested local al-Qaida commander Abu Muhayyam al-Masri, whose name is a pseudonym meaning, "the Egyptian." 2 aides, Abu Issam al-Libi, or "the Libyan," and Abu Zaid al-Suri, "the Syrian," were also arrested, along with 9 other members of the cell. 3 unidentified bodies were found in Muqdadiyah. 2 US soldiers and a Marine were killed, bringing the number of Americans who have died in the country so far this month to 23.
    (AP, 11/9/06)(AP, 11/10/06)(SFC, 11/10/06, p.A20)
2006        Nov 9, Police arrested 50 people across central Italy to break up an organization that allegedly transported cocaine and heroin from Africa to Europe using couriers who swallowed drug-filled pellets.
    (AP, 11/10/06)
2006        Nov 9, Kyrgyzstan's President Kurmanbek Bakiyev signed an amended constitution limiting his own powers in a bid to defuse the deepest political crisis this Central Asian nation has experienced since the 2005 uprising that carried him to power.
    (AP, 11/9/06)
2006        Nov 9, Mexico City's assembly passed legislation to legally recognize gay civil unions in the capital, the first such vote by a legislative body in the history of the conservative country.
    (AP, 11/9/06)
2006        Nov 9, In Mozambique a regional governor said more than 4,500 foreigners, mostly from Tanzania, have been expelled for clandestinely mining gold close to its northern border with Tanzania.
    (AP, 11/9/06)
2006        Nov 9, In Nigeria at least 6 hostages escaped from an oil facility where they had been held along with dozens of other people since armed men raided the Italian-run pumping station earlier this week.
    (AP, 11/9/06)
2006        Nov 9, The UN ranked Norway as the best country to live in for a sixth consecutive year, prompting the country's aid minister to tell Norwegians to stop whining about wanting more.
    (AP, 11/9/06)
2006        Nov 9, In Pakistan's part of Kashmir 5 high-school students who mistook a bomblet for a toy were fatally wounded when the explosive went off as they played with it in a field.
    (AP, 11/10/06)
2006        Nov 9, Russia’s Supreme Court overturned the acquittal of three suspects in the killing of US journalist Paul Klebnikov (2004). The court ordered a new trial with a new judge.
    (AP, 11/9/06)
2006        Nov 9, In Rwanda Theophister Mukakibibi, a Catholic nun, was sentenced to 30 years in jail for helping militias kill hundreds of people hiding in a hospital during the 1994 genocide. 
    (AP, 11/10/06)
2006        Nov 9, In Sri Lanka at least 9 vessels were destroyed in a naval clash between Tamil rebels and Sri Lanka's navy off the northern coast. Rebels claimed they killed 26 sailors and captured four others.
    (AP, 11/9/06)
2006        Nov 9, In southern Thailand 8 bombs exploded almost simultaneously at car and motorcycle showrooms, wounding nine people.
    (AP, 11/9/06)

2006        Nov 10, Pres. Bush dedicated the new National Museum of the Marine Corp. in Virginia.
    (SFC, 11/11/06, p.A4)
2006        Nov 10, Jack Palance (b.1919), film and TV star, died in southern California. He appeared in some 100 films that included: “Sudden Fear" (1952) and “Shane" (1953).
    (SFC, 11/11/06, p.B6)
2006        Nov 10, Asian nations reached their first international agreement to implement what has been dubbed the "Iron Silk Road." Armenia, Azerbaijan, Cambodia, China, Indonesia, Iran, Kazakhstan, Laos, Russia, South Korea, Turkey and seven other nations agreed to meet at least every two years to identify vital rail routes, coordinate standards and financing and plan upgrades and expansions, among other measures. The UN first conceived the Trans-Asian Railway Network in 1960.
    (AP, 11/10/06)
2006        Nov 10, Chevron Corp. unveiled the Clio field, one of Australia’s biggest natural gas discoveries.
    (WSJ, 11/11/06, p.A4)
2006        Nov 10, In the Central African Republic the rebel Union of Democratic Forces for the Rally (UDFR) seized the town of Ouadda Djalle on after heavy fighting with government troops who were forced to retreat.
    (AP, 11/10/06)
2006        Nov 10, Chinese central bank governor Zhou Xiaochuan said China will diversify its $1 trillion foreign exchange reserves across different currencies and investment instruments, including in emerging markets. In southwest China about 2,000 people mobbed a hospital in Guang'an City where a young boy died after his grandfather was sent away to raise money for the child's treatment. At least 10 people were injured in fighting with police.
    (AP, 11/10/06)(AP, 11/12/06)
2006        Nov 10, Congo’s incumbent Joseph Kabila retained a commanding lead in the presidential runoff with about two-thirds of the vote counted.
    (AP, 11/10/06)
2006        Nov 10, Iran's state media paid scant attention to an Argentine's judge request for the arrest of former President Hashemi Rafsanjani and other officials for the 1994 bombing of a Jewish cultural center in Buenos Aires.
    (AP, 11/10/06)
2006        Nov 10, A new recording attributed to the leader of al-Qaida in Iraq (Abu Hamza al-Muhajir) mocked President Bush as a coward whose conduct of the war had been rejected at the polls, and challenged him to keep US troops in Iraq to face more bloodshed. Al-Qaida claimed to be winning the war faster than expected, saying it had mobilized 12,000 fighters. 6 Iraqi soldiers were killed and 10 wounded when a suicide bomber drove his explosives-rigged car into an army checkpoint in the northern city of Tal Afar. Three members of a family were killed by gunmen who stormed their home near Baqouba. At least 59 Iraqi civilians were killed or found dead.
    (AP, 11/10/06)(SFC, 11/11/06, p.A12)(AP, 11/10/07)
2006        Nov 10, Israel's gay community braved vehement opposition from religious fundamentalists and held a large rally in Jerusalem, complete with live rock music, dancing and declarations of pride. A group of gay Palestinian Americans canceled a planned pride march in East Jerusalem after one of them was beaten unconscious by a man from the Waqf Muslim religious authority.
    (AP, 11/10/06)(SFC, 11/11/06, p.A3)
2006        Nov 10, Suspected militants hurled a grenade into a crowd outside a mosque in a village in Indian Kashmir, killing at least five people and wounding nearly 30.
    (AP, 11/10/06)
2006        Nov 10, Kazakhstan's President Nursultan Nazarbayev said the ruling Otan Party would merge with the pro-government Civic Party in what the opposition described as part of efforts to ensure his grip on power in upcoming parliamentary elections.
    (AP, 11/10/06)
2006        Nov 10, A first batch of Indonesian troops arrived in Beirut to join a UN peacekeeping force, whose commander warned of growing tensions in south Lebanon.
    (AFP, 11/10/06)
2006        Nov 10, Italian police said they arrested 13 people, including a judge accused of ties with the Mafia, as part of a crackdown on organized crime in southern Italy.
    (AP, 11/10/06)
2006        Nov 10, In Mexico Misael Tamayo Hernandez, editor of El Despertar de la Costa, was found dead in a hotel room in Zihuatanejo, a day after running stories about organized crime and corruption in the city government. Hector Gaxiola, a district police chief in the border city of Tijuana, was shot and killed a day after surviving another attempt on his life. His brother was found next to him. Both had been shot dozens of times.
    (AP, 11/11/06)
2006        Nov 10, in Morocco 3 former detainees at the U.S. naval base in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, were convicted for creating a criminal group and forging documents.
    (AP, 11/11/06)
2006        Nov 10, In northern New Zealand oil refinery workers helped rescue 40 beached pilot whales, but another 37 of the whale pod died on the sandy beach.
    (AP, 11/10/06)
2006        Nov 10, A Norwegian refugee group said it is closing down its humanitarian operations for nearly 300,000 people in Darfur because it is impossible to work in the Sudanese region.
    (AP, 11/10/06)
2006        Nov 10, In Pakistan a roadside bomb hit a vehicle carrying a prominent pro-government tribal elder in a volatile region near the Afghan border, killing him and eight other people.
    (AP, 11/10/06)
2006        Nov 10, Hamas leader Ismail Haniyeh said he would step down as Palestinian prime minister if that would persuade the West to lift debilitating economic sanctions.
    (AP, 11/10/06)
2006        Nov 10, Igor Sergeyev (68), former Russian defense minister (1997-2001), died.
    (AP, 11/10/06)(Econ, 11/25/06, p.89)
2006        Nov 10, In Sri Lanka Nadaraja Raviraj, a prominent Tamil legislator, was assassinated in Colombo. The government navy said it killed six rebels in an attack on Tamil Tiger boats.
    (AP, 11/10/06)
2006        Nov 10, The UN announced it would postpone a decision on the future status of Serbia's breakaway Kosovo province, hours after Serbia said it would hold an early general election in January.
    (AP, 11/10/06)
2006        Nov 10, A report launched by the UN Human Development Program (UNDP) highlighted how more than 2.6 billion people do not have access to proper sanitation and how dirty water claims more lives than AIDS or conflicts. According to the UN 78% of Mozambique's 17 million people earn less than two dollars a day and more than 20,000 children die every year from water-borne diseases.
    (AP, 11/10/06)
2006        Nov 10, In Vietnam 3 Vietnamese-Americans were convicted on terrorism charges after being accused of trying to take over radio airwaves and call for an uprising against Vietnam's communist government. A judge sentenced the Americans and four Vietnamese to 15 months in prison, with credit for time served.
    (AP, 11/10/06)

2006        Nov 11, President Bush marked Veterans Day at Arlington National Cemetery by praising US troops who had fought oppression around the world, yet spoke only briefly about Iraq, where US commanders were re-evaluating strategy.
    (AP, 11/11/07)
2006        Nov 11, The US vetoed a UN Security Council draft resolution that sought to condemn an Israeli military offensive in the Gaza Strip and demand Israeli troops pull out of the territory.
    (AP, 11/12/06)
2006        Nov 11, Bangladesh authorities banned demonstrations and barricades ahead of a deadline set by a 14-party political alliance for the removal of the chief election commissioner over allegations of bias.
    (AP, 11/11/06)
2006        Nov 11, It was reported that British scientists had invented an artificial stomach at a cost of $1.8 million.
    (SFC, 11/11/06, p.A6)
2006        Nov 11, In Beijing, China, demonstrators angry at a crackdown on dogs staged a noisy protest, decrying police killings of dogs and new limits on pet ownership.
    (AP, 11/11/06)
2006        Nov 11, At this time about 35% of Bermuda’s population was white.
    (Econ, 11/11/06, p.46)
2006        Nov 11, In Congo gunfire and explosions boomed through Kinshasa in a new round of fighting between forces loyal to two presidential candidates awaiting the results of a runoff election meant to secure an end to years of war.
    (AP, 11/12/06)
2006        Nov 11, In Haiti 2 UN peacekeepers from Jordan were shot to death in Port-au-Prince after coming under attack by gunmen. Jordan counted about 1,500 troops in the force of some 8,800 peacekeepers. Nine peacekeepers have been killed since the force arrived in June 2004.
    (AP, 11/11/06)
2006        Nov 11, Tyler Walker Williams, a US citizen and a student of India's national language Hindi, became the first foreigner to win a student election at India's prestigious Jawaharlal Nehru University after mounting a campaign critical of US foreign policy.
    (AP, 11/11/06)
2006        Nov 11, In Iraq a pair of car bombs tore through a downtown shopping district in the capital, killing 8 people, while a Slovak and Polish soldier were reported killed overnight by a roadside bomb south of the capital. Police special forces said they killed two suspected insurgents and arrested 10 others during an overnight search for those behind a suicide bombing a day earlier that killed six Iraqi soldiers in Tal Afar. A suicide bomber drove a car rigged with explosives into the police station in the northern town of Zaganya, killing the police chief, setting four vehicles on fire, and badly damaging the building. In Baqouba a staffer with the local agriculture directorate, Zuhair Hussein Alwan, was shot and killed. 2 bodies that had been bound and shot in the head and chest were pulled from the Tigris River in Suwayrah. At least 52 people were killed or found dead across Iraq. 3 US soldiers were killed in combat in Anbar province.
    (AP, 11/11/06)(SSFC, 11/12/06, p.A5)(AP, 11/13/06)
2006        Nov 11, In Italy police arrested 3 more thieves plaguing the railways for weeks by stealing copper electrical conductors from the tracks. Among the 22 suspects arrested since Oct 15 were 18 Romanians, three Italians and the one man from Mali.
    (AP, 11/13/06)
2006        Nov 11, Sony Corp. launched its new PlayStation 3 (PS3) in Japan.
    (Econ, 11/18/06, p.63)
2006        Nov 11, In Lebanon 5 Shiite ministers backed by Hezbollah resigned from the government. PM Fuad Saniora refused to acknowledge the resignation.
    (SSFC, 11/12/06, p.A21)
2006        Nov 11, In Myanmar senior UN official Ibrahim Gambari met detained opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi and the ruling junta's top leader.
    (Reuters, 11/11/06)
2006        Nov 11, Palestinian students filled schools that had been empty for months, happily greeting friends as classes resumed after a 70-day teachers' strike that interrupted studies across the West Bank and Gaza.
    (AP, 11/11/06)
2006        Nov 11, Sudanese armed forces deliberately attacked civilians in western Darfur killing 11, including a woman burnt to death in her home. African Union sources later claimed 30 people were killed and 40 injured, blaming Khartoum-backed Janjaweed militia.
    (Reuters, 11/13/06)(AFP, 11/24/06)

2006        Nov 12, Gerald R. Ford surpassed Ronald Reagan as the longest-lived US president at 93 years and 121 days.
    (AP, 11/12/07)
2006        Nov 12, In Hawaii retired Los Angeles police detective Dan DeJarnette (59) said he found his wife (56) lying on a lava embankment near their house. In 2013 he pleaded guilty to her murder on Big Island.
    (SFC, 3/26/13, p.A7)(http://tinyurl.com/c3vz895)
2006        Nov 12, In eastern Afghanistan Paktika governor Muhammad Akram Khoplwak said more than 60 Taliban fighters were killed in 6 days of fighting. Chechen and Arab fighters were among the dead.
    (AFP, 11/12/06)
2006        Nov 12, The Australian government denied that a new security pact with Indonesia means that it would be party to the suppression of Indonesian separatists. The new agreement was to be signed Nov 13 on the Indonesian resort island of Lombok.
    (AP, 11/12/06)
2006        Nov 12, In Bangladesh a 14 party alliance led by the Awami League began a 4-day strike that paralyzed the country. Thousands of protesters demanding electoral reforms targeted major transport links, attacking trains and other vehicles and leaving at least one person dead.
    (AP, 11/12/06)(SFC, 11/16/06, p.A3)(Econ, 11/18/06, p.45)
2006        Nov 12, In central Chile a bus carrying members of a military band skidded off a precipice in the rain and fell into the Tucapel River, killing 19 people and injuring nine.
    (AP, 11/13/06)
2006        Nov 12, In southwest China 8 miners had died in a coal mine flood in Guizhou province. In northern China 34 miners were killed by an explosion in a coal mine in Shanxi province.
    (AP, 11/16/06)
2006        Nov 12, Voters in the breakaway Georgian province of South Ossetia declared overwhelming backing for its independence drive in a referendum that underlined a sharp split between Russia and the West and is likely to increase tensions in the Caucasus region. A similar 1992 referendum proclaiming the province's independence went unnoticed by the international community, leaving it in limbo.
    (AP, 11/12/06)(AP, 11/13/06)
2006        Nov 12, Iraqi PM Nouri al-Maliki rebuked lawmakers for putting party and sectarian loyalty ahead of Iraq's stability, and said he was planning a sweeping Cabinet reshuffle on a day when at least 150 Iraqis died. A pair of suicide bombs ripped through a crowd of would-be police recruits in Baghdad, killing at least 35. 50 bodies found behind a regional electrical company in Baqouba, and 25 others found scattered throughout Baghdad. 5 people were killed in drive-by shootings in Baqouba. In Baghdad police Brig. Abdul-Mutalib Hassan was shot to death as he left home. Hassan was head of a unit in charge of registering vehicles that is widely seen as corrupt. Sunni gunmen near Latifiyah murdered 10 Shiite passengers before taking about 50 captives. 4 British soldiers were killed and three seriously wounded in an attack on a patrol boat in Basra.
    (AP, 11/12/06)(WSJ, 11/13/06, p.A1)
2006        Nov 12, Israeli PM Ehud Olmert began a five-day trip to the United States. Israeli forces killed a Palestinian teenager in northern Gaza.
    (AP, 11/12/06)
2006        Nov 12, Palestinian foreign minister Mahmud Zahar told fellow ministers at an Arab League emergency meeting in Cairo that the costs of rebuilding the north Gaza town of Beit Hanun after deadly Israeli shelling amounts to 50 million dollars. Arab countries decided to lift the financial blockade on Palestinians in response to a US veto on a UN Security Council draft resolution condemning Israel's military offensive in the Gaza Strip. The Hamas-led Palestinian government agreed to an international peace conference with Israel.
    (AP, 11/12/06)(AP, 11/13/06)
2006        Nov 12, Heavy fighting erupted in central Somalia, a day after the transitional government rejected a peace initiative with the country's Islamic movement.
    (AP, 11/12/06)
2006        Nov 12, In Singapore student Ang Chuang Yang (16) broke the Guinness World Record for the shortest time needed to type a 160-character SMS (short message service) message after whizzing through the task in less than 42 seconds in a competition.
    (AP, 11/12/06)
2006        Nov 12, Spanish farmers led a flock of hundreds of bleating sheep through downtown Madrid in a protest urging the protection of ancient grazing routes threatened by urban sprawl.
    (AP, 11/12/06)
2006        Nov 12, Jan Egeland, the UN's top humanitarian official, helicoptered to a jungle clearing to meet with Joseph Kony, a Ugandan rebel leader accused of war crimes, but he failed to secure freedom for women and children held captive by the insurgent group. Kony denied that his forces are holding prisoners.
    (AP, 11/12/06)

2006        Nov 13, President Bush met with the bipartisan Iraq Study Group and promised to work with the incoming Democratic majority toward "common objectives." At the same time, Bush renewed his opposition to any timetable for withdrawing US troops.
    (AP, 11/13/07)
2006        Nov 13, The Bush administration said immigrants arrested in the US may be held indefinitely on suspicion of terrorism and may not challenge their imprisonment in civilian courts.
    (AP, 11/14/06)
2006        Nov 13, Pres. Bush led a ceremonial groundbreaking on the National Mall for a memorial dedicated to civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr.
    (SFC, 11/14/06, p.A1)(AP, 11/13/07)
2006        Nov 13, The commander of the US Pacific Fleet began a visit to China in a trip aimed at strengthening ties between the two navies and gaining insight into the Asian power's military buildup.
    (AP, 11/13/06)
2006        Nov 13, In Bangladesh baton-wielding police clashed with thousands of demonstrators who threw stones and smashed vehicles during protests demanding electoral reform.
    (AP, 11/13/06)
2006        Nov 13, Chad declared a state of emergency in three eastern regions where ethnic clashes have left as many as 200 people dead and raised fears that Sudan's Darfur conflict is spilling across the border.
    (AP, 11/14/06)
2006        Nov 13, The China Daily reported that Zhou Shengxian, the head of China’s State Environmental Protection Administration (SEPA), said that the degradation of China's environment is reaching a critical point where health and social stability are under threat.
    (AFP, 11/13/06)
2006        Nov 13, France said it will aid the Central African Republic's army with logistics and aerial reconnaissance in its fight against rebels in the northeast of the country.
    (AFP, 11/13/06)
2006        Nov 13, Sectarian violence across Iraq left 43 people dead. A bomb tore through in a minibus in a largely Shiite Baghdad neighborhood, killing at least 20 people and wounding 18. Gunmen killed at least 10 people, including a television cameraman, a city councilman and a Sunni sheik, in executions and assassinations around Iraq. US forces raided the homes of followers of radical anti-American Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr. Police put the death toll at five, though an aide to the cleric said nine people were killed.
    (AP, 11/13/06)(SFC, 11/14/06, p.A17)
2006        Nov 13, The Lebanese government approved a UN draft setting up an international tribunal to try suspects in the assassination of former Prime Minister Rafik Hariri. A London-based Arabic newspaper said Al-Qaida has purportedly issued a statement threatening to topple Lebanon's "corrupt" Western-backed government.
    (AP, 11/13/06)
2006        Nov 13, The US signed a 461 million dollar aid "compact" with Mali to finance a giant irrigation project and expand the international airport in the poverty-stricken African nation.
    (AP, 11/13/06)
2006        Nov 13, In Nigeria Joshua Dariye (49), the beleaguered governor of troubled Plateau State, was impeached by state legislators after being accused of corruption. Nigeria's anti-graft commission, the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC), issued a statement saying it was seeking both Dariye and Ayodele Fayose (46), the impeached former governor of southwest Ekiti State. The EFCC said recently that it was investigating 31 state governors out of a total of 36 for corruption.
    (AFP, 11/13/06)
2006        Nov 13, Norwegian government and industry officials said Norwegian hunters killed 546 minke whales this year, falling far short of their commercial whaling quota because bad weather spoiled much of the season.
    (AP, 11/13/06)
2006        Nov 13, Lawmakers from an Islamic coalition ruling Pakistan's deeply conservative northwest approved a law to set up a Taliban-style department to suppress vice.
    (AP, 11/13/06)
2006        Nov 13, A senior Hamas official confirmed that the militant Palestinian group and the Fatah faction have agreed on naming Mohammed Shabir to head the next Palestinian unity government.
    (AP, 11/13/06)
2006        Nov 13, Senegal’s President Abdoulaye Wade received a letter from Sudan President Omar al-Bashir that accepted some sort of UN intervention.
    (AP, 11/14/06)
2006        Nov 13, In South Africa up to 20 people were killed near Cape Town when a train smashed into a truck carrying farm workers.
    (AFP, 11/13/06)
2006        Nov 13, In eastern Sri Lanka 4 Tamil Tiger rebels were killed in a firefight.
    (AFP, 11/14/06)
2006        Nov 13, UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan said that any effort to stop growing violence between Islamic and Western societies must include an end to the Arab-Israeli conflict.
    (AP, 11/13/06)
2006        Nov 13, The UN said it has pledged about $77 million in personnel and equipment to help the overwhelmed African Union force in Darfur as Sudan blocks the world body from sending its own peacekeepers to the war-torn region.
    (AP, 11/13/06)
2006        Nov 13, Vietnam deported Nguyen Thuong "Cuc" Foshee (58), an American woman who was convicted last week on terrorism charges for plotting to seize radio airwaves to call for an uprising against the communist government. The US removed Vietnam from a blacklist of countries that suppress religion.
    (AP, 11/12/06)(Econ, 11/18/06, p.44)

2006        Nov 14, President Bush left the White House on a state visit to Vietnam.
    (AP, 11/14/07)
2006        Nov 14, US Sen. Harry Reid, a moderate Nevada Democrat, was elected by colleagues as US Senate majority leader for the 110th Congress that will convene in January.
    (AP, 11/14/06)
2006        Nov 14, A new report by the independent Combating Terrorism Center at West Point said the scholarly work of a group of Saudi and Jordanian clerics exerted more influence on the jihadist movement than al Qaida leaders.
    (SFC, 11/15/06, p.A16)
2006        Nov 14, US Commerce Secretary Carlos Gutierrez urged Beijing to toughen a crackdown on pirated goods and other copyright infringements, saying failure to do so could fuel an American backlash against trade with China.
    (AP, 11/14/06)
2006        Nov 14, Brandon Webb of the Arizona Diamondbacks won a wide-open race for the NL Cy Young Award.
    (AP, 11/14/07)
2006        Nov 14, The SF Board of Education voted 4-2 to phase out the JROTC from schools over the next two years because of the Pentagon's "don't ask, don't tell" policy regarding gay service members. The SF Board of Supervisors mandated foot patrols by city police, in a 9-2 vote overriding a veto by Mayor Newsom. The board also voted to ban the use of plastic foam to-go containers by city restaurants and to effectively decriminalize the use, sale and cultivation of marijuana by adults.
    (AP, 11/15/06)(SFC, 11/15/06, p.B1)
2006        Nov 14, Honda unveiled the hydrogen powered Honda FCX in Monterey, Ca. Hondo planned to produce fuel cell cars within 2 years.
    (SFC, 11/15/06, p.A1)
2006        Nov 14, Intel launched its first computer chips with four processing cores.
    (www.eweek.com/article2/0,1895,2058457,00.asp)
2006        Nov 14, In Brazil Ana Carolina Reston (21), an anorexic model who weighed only 88 pounds, died of generalized infection. Reston had worked in China, Turkey, Mexico and Japan for several modeling agencies.
    (AP, 11/17/06)
2006        Nov 14, China’s ambassador to India set off a flap by reaffirming claim to India’s northeastern Arunachal Pradesh state on the eve of President Hu Jintao’s visit to new Delhi.
    (WSJ, 11/15/06, p.A1)(Econ, 11/18/06, p.43)
2006        Nov 14, Nearly complete results give incumbent Joseph Kabila an insurmountable lead in Congo's presidential runoff, but his opponent, Jean-Pierre Bemba, alleged fraud.
    (AP, 11/14/06)
2006        Nov 14, Eighteen Egyptians were killed when a public bus and a truck collided on a highway south of Cairo.
    (AP, 11/14/06)
2006        Nov 14, Civil rights groups filed a suit with German prosecutors seeking war crimes charges against outgoing Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld for alleged abuse of detainees at Abu Ghraib and Guantanamo prisons.
    (AP, 11/14/06)
2006        Nov 14, Nuclear-armed India and Pakistan resumed peace talks with alleged Pakistan-sponsored terrorism high on the agenda as a car bomb exploded in revolt-hit Indian Kashmir, injuring 16 people.
    (AP, 11/14/06)
2006        Nov 14, Gunmen dressed as police commandos kidnapped up to 150 staff and visitors in a lightning raid on a Baghdad higher education office. Some 70 people were released the following day, but the fate of dozens remains unknown. The district police chief and 5 aides were soon arrested for aiding the plot. Attacks, bombings and sectarian murders left at least 117 Iraqis dead. In the day's worst violence, 21 people were killed and 25 injured in a car bombing targeting traffic along a highway toward the Shiite slum of Sadr City. At least 31 Iraqis were killed in clashes in the western city of Ramadi, where US ground troops and warplanes have conducted a series of operations over recent days targeting Sunni insurgents. 4 US troops, a soldier and three Marines, were killed in combat in Anbar Province. 2 US soldiers died when their vehicle was struck by a roadside bomb in northwest Baghdad. A US soldier was killed by small-arms fire during an operation in Baghdad.
    (AP, 11/15/06)(WSJ, 11/15/06, p.A1)(AP, 11/16/06)(AP, 11/14/07)
2006        Nov 14, The UN called Lebanon's approval of an international tribunal for the suspected killers of former PM Rafik Hariri "an important step" toward fulfilling the requirements of a Security Council resolution.
    (AP, 11/14/06)
2006        Nov 14, The ninth Chief of Defense Forces' conference opened in Malaysia. It brought together officials from 23 nations including the United States, France, Pakistan, Australia, New Zealand and South Korea.
    (AP, 11/14/06)   
2006        Nov 14, Second-grader Saul Arellano, a US citizen, appeared in Mexico's 500-member Chamber of Deputies to plead for help in lobbying Washington to stop the deportation of his mother, an illegal immigrant who has taken refuge in a Chicago church. His efforts paid off with a resolution calling on the US Congress to suspend the deportation of Elvira Arellano (31) and any other illegal immigrant parents of US citizens. US officials said there is no right to sanctuary in a church under US law, and nothing to prevent them from arresting Elvira Arellano, who has lived at the church since Aug. 15, the day she was supposed to surrender for deportation.
    (AP, 11/14/06)
2006        Nov 14, The South African parliament approved new legislation recognizing gay marriages, a first for a continent where homosexuality is largely taboo.
    (AP, 11/14/06)
2006        Nov 14, In Sri Lanka 3 soldiers were killed when Tamil Tiger rebels detonated a bomb in the northern district of Vavuniya. Another soldier was killed in a similar blast in the Jaffna peninsula.
    (AFP, 11/14/06)
2006        Nov 14, In Ukraine Bohdan Datsko, director of a Christmas tree ornament factory, was shot to death in the western city of Lviv in what authorities said was the second attack on an executive there in less than a month.
    (AP, 11/14/06)

2006        Nov 15, President Bush, on his way to Asia for an eight-day trip and Pacific Rim meeting, paid a quick call on President Vladimir Putin. The two presidents discussed the Iranian nuclear program, the situation in the Middle East and nuclear nonproliferation. Bush and confirmed that they plan to sign a bilateral deal next week for Russia's accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO).
    (AP, 11/15/06)(Reuters, 11/15/06)
2006        Nov 15, The US postmaster general announced that stamps featuring notable persons can now be issued 5 years after their death rather than the current 10 year policy.
    (WSJ, 11/16/06, p.A1)
2006        Nov 15, Jack Abramoff, former Washington lobbyist, began serving a 6-year sentence in Maryland for a fraudulent Florida casino deal. He still faced sentencing in a Capitol Hill corruption case.
    (SFC, 11/16/06, p.A10)
2006        Nov 15, O.J. Simpson caused an uproar with plans for a TV interview and book titled "If I Did It," in which Simpson describes how he would have committed the 1994 slayings of his ex-wife, Nicole Brown Simpson, and her friend Ronald Goldman.
    (AP, 11/15/07)
2006         Nov 15, One of four US soldiers accused of raping a 14-year-old Iraqi girl and killing her and her family pleaded guilty at Fort Campbell, Ky. Spec. James P. Barker, who agreed to testify against the others, was later sentenced to 90 years in prison.
    (AP, 11/15/07)
2006        Nov 15, Emmitt Smith was named winner of ABC's "Dancing with the Stars" with his professional dance partner, Cheryl Burke.
    (AP, 11/15/07)
2006        Nov 15, US Airways Group Inc. made an $8 billion cash and stock bid for Delta Air Lines Inc., a deal that would create one of the world's largest carriers. The move came despite Delta's repeated statements it isn't interested in a merger.
    (AP, 11/15/06)
2006        Nov 15, Researchers said heart valves were grown from stem cells filtered from amniotic fluid.
    (WSJ, 11/16/06, p.A1)
2006        Nov 15, Researchers, who sequenced DNA from the leg bone of a Neanderthal man who died 38,000 years ago, said it shows the Neanderthals are truly distant relatives of modern humans who interbred rarely, if at all, with our own immediate ancestors. They concluded that Neanderthals and humans are likely to be 99.5% identical, genetically speaking.
    (Reuters, 11/15/06)(Econ, 11/18/06, p.84)
2006        Nov 15, Al-Jazeera launched an English-language news channel available in more than 80 million homes but lacking major U.S. distribution.
    (AP, 11/15/06)
2006        Nov 15, Algeria agreed to repay ahead of schedule its total debt to Germany, 372 million dollars, due to the oil-rich country's surge in revenues. Algeria will invest 70% of the saved interest, about 67 million dollars, 52 million euros, through 2011, in a water supply project for the western city of Tlemcen and the Maghnia-Ghazaouet region.
    (AFP, 11/15/06)
2006        Nov 15, In Bulgaria Bozhidar Doychev, the director of the department responsible for communist-era archives, was found dead at his desk, shot with his own gun. Lawmakers had recently voted to open the archives.
    (Econ, 12/23/06, p.74)(www.abovetopsecret.com/forum/thread234270/pg)
2006        Nov 15, Peter Roberts, English campaigner for animal welfare, died. He believed that the best way top secure better treatment for animals would be to have them reclassified as sentient beings. This was enshrined in a protocol to the 1997 treaty of Amsterdam. 
    (Econ, 12/2/06, p.88)
2006        Nov 15, China said that it and India must make "mutual compromises" on the "disputed" issue of Arunachal Pradesh, and that it was ready to do so.
    (www.hindu.com/2006/11/16/stories/2006111605831200.htm)
2006        Nov 15, In Congo incumbent Joseph Kabila was declared winner of historic presidential elections. The electoral commission gave Kabila 58% of the vote against 42% for Bemba. Former rebel leader Jean-Pierre Bemba, vowed to contest the count. Kabila lost to Bemba in 6 out of 11 provinces.
    (AP, 11/16/06)(Econ, 11/18/06, p.49)(Econ, 11/25/06, p.43)
2006        Nov 15, Eritrean President Issaias Afeworki said the simmering border row between arch-foes Eritrea and Ethiopia is a "solved problem."
    (AFP, 11/15/06)
2006        Nov 15, Over 200 German police raided more than 30 offices of the engineering and electronics giant Siemens as well as the apartments of some of its top managers in a huge embezzlement probe. The company was cooperating fully with the investigation.
    (AFP, 11/15/06)(WSJ, 12/27/07, p.A4)
2006        Nov 15, In Iraq sectarian violence left 105 Iraqis dead, including two journalists. Officials said about 70 of the people abducted in a brazen raid on the offices of the Higher Education Ministry have been released. Ministry spokesman Basil al-Khatib said 40 employees were released yesterday and another 32 were freed today. A car bomb exploded in a parking lot in central Baghdad, killing eight people and wounding 32. A US soldier died in action in Diyala province.
    (AP, 11/15/06)(WSJ, 11/16/06, p.A1)
2006        Nov 15, A fleet of Japanese whalers set sail for an annual hunt in the Antarctic, where they hope to kill 860 whales for a research program that has been heavily criticized by environmentalists and some other nations.
    (AP, 11/15/06)
2006        Nov 15, Libyan leader Moamer Kadhafi received assurances from German Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier that Berlin would work to bolster ties with Tripoli when it assumes the EU presidency next year.
    (AFP, 11/15/06)
2006        Nov 15, Aides to former leftist presidential candidate Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador said he will seek contributions from ordinary Mexicans to support a parallel, "legitimate" administration he declared after losing the July 2 elections to President-elect Felipe Calderon by a razor-thin margin.
    (AP, 11/16/06)
2006        Nov 15, In Nigeria 11 armed men attacked a southern oil facility owned by a subsidiary of Royal Dutch Shell PLC Wednesday, leaving two attackers dead.
    (AP, 11/16/06)
2006        Nov 15, Pakistani lawmakers approved a women's rights bill amending harsh Islamic laws on rape and adultery, despite fierce opposition from hardliners who said the change would promote "free sex."
2006        Nov 15, Pakistan's foreign secretary said India and Pakistan have agreed on measures to combat terrorism and prevent an accidental nuclear conflict in South Asia at the first peace talks since a terrorist attack on Mumbai's train network in July.
    (AP, 11/15/06)
2006        Nov 15, Two Palestinian lawmakers from the Islamist group Hamas crossed the Egyptian border into Gaza with more than $4 million in cash, bypassing a Western ban on bank transfers to the Palestinian Authority. A Palestinian rocket fired from Gaza exploded near the home of Israel's defense minister, killing one woman and raising the prospect of a new Israeli military offensive against militant rocket squads.
    (Reuters, 11/15/06)(AP, 11/15/06)
2006        Nov 15, In the Philippines Gregorio “Gringo" Honasan," a coup-fomenting former army colonel, and senator were arrested after a house-to-house chase on charges of involvement in a February plot to overthrow the president.
    (AP, 11/15/06)(SFC, 11/15/06, p.A4)
2006        Nov 15, A court in Palermo, Sicily, convicted 46 deputies, confidants and helpers of jailed Mafia boss Bernardo Provenzano, many of whom helped the former fugitive evade capture, and sentenced them to terms of up to 18 years in prison.
    (AP, 11/16/06)
2006        Nov 15, In southern Thailand suspected Islamic militants over the last 2 days shot dead three people in separate drive-by shootings, while one soldier was hurt in a bomb attack.
    (AP, 11/15/06)
2006        Nov 15, Turkey suspended military relations with France in a dispute over whether the mass killings of Armenians early in the last century amounted to genocide.
    (AP, 11/16/06)
2006        Nov 15, A UN report identified 10 African and Arab countries, as well as Lebanon’s Hezbollah, as arms suppliers to the Islamic militia in Somalia.
    (WSJ, 11/16/06, p.A1)
2006        Nov 15, In Vietnam envoys meeting on the sidelines of an Asia-Pacific economic summit, tried to cobble together a united strategy for upcoming talks aimed at convincing North Korea to drop its nuclear weapons program.
    (AP, 11/15/06)

2006        Nov 16, Pres. Bush in Singapore voiced tentative support for a free trade agreement covering all 21 members of APEC and warned North Korea against trying to sell nuclear arms.
    (SFC, 11/17/06, p.A4)(WSJ, 11/17/06, p.A1)
2006        Nov 16, Nancy Pelosi was unanimously named speaker-elect by US House Democrats, the first woman set to take the post that is second in line of succession to the presidency, but then selected Steny Hoyer as majority leader against her wishes.
    (AP, 11/16/06)(AP, 11/16/07)
2006        Nov 16, In SF federal agents arrested 24 people on drug charges following a 4-month undercover investigation targeting gangs in the Western Addition.
    (SFC, 11/17/06, p.B3)
2006        Nov 16, A state regulatory board approved Gov. Ed Rendell's proposal to make deeper cuts in mercury emissions from Pennsylvania's coal-fired power plants, despite opposition from power plants and mining companies.
    (AP, 11/16/06)
2006        Nov 16, The Vermont based Conservation Fund partnered with the state of California to purchase 16,000 acres in northern California from the Hawthorne Timber Co. for $48.5 million.
    (WSJ, 11/17/06, p.A4)
2006        Nov 16, In North Carolina a tornado struck Riegelwood, a tiny riverside community, killing 8 people as thunderstorms continued a path of destruction across the South. Another person died earlier in Louisiana, and a car crash death near Charlotte was also blamed on the storms.
    (AP, 11/16/06)(SFC, 11/17/06, p.A4)
2006        Nov 16, Minnesota Twins ace Johan Santana won the AL Cy Young Award.
    (AP, 11/16/07)
2006        Nov 16, Milton Friedman (b.1912), American economist and Nobel Prize winner (1976), died in SF. He popularized the belief that free markets rather than government actions were the best tools to improve living standards. In 2007 Lanny Ebenstein authored “Milton Friedman: A biography."
    (SFC, 11/17/06, p.A1)(Econ, 2/24/07, p.97)
2006        Nov 16, In western Afghanistan flash floods caused by heavy rains killed nearly 60 people with 100 more missing.
    (AFP, 11/18/06)
2006        Nov 16, Canada said it had arrested a foreign man who it branded a threat to national security and who one national newspaper identified as a possible Russian spy. On Nov 21 the government released a document saying: "The Canadian Security Intelligence Service has reasonable grounds to believe that the foreign national alleging to be Paul William Hampel is a member of the Sluzhba Vneshney Razvedki (SVR), the foreign intelligence service of the Russian intelligence services."
    (AP, 11/16/06)(Reuters, 11/21/06)
2006        Nov 16, Juang Jiefu, China’s Deputy Health Minister, acknowledged that human organs used in transplants have been taken from executed prisoners and that foreign recipients have paid large sums to avoid a long wait.
    (SFC, 11/18/06, p.A1)
2006        Nov 16, Citigroup in a consortium with IBM, China Life, State Grid and Citic Trust signed an agreement to take control of Guangdong Development Bank.
    (www.tmcnet.com/usubmit/2006/11/17/2088082.htm)(Econ, 11/18/06, p.80)
2006        Nov 16, In France Segolene Royal (53) overwhelmingly won the backing of the main opposition Socialist Party in her bid to become France's first female president.
    (AP, 11/17/06)
2006        Nov 16, In Germany Mounir El Motassadeq, a Moroccan man, was convicted of acting as an accessory to murder in the Sept. 11, 2001 terror attacks by a federal appeals court that ruled that he played a direct role in the plot.
    (AP, 11/16/06)
2006        Nov 16, The Iraqi Interior Ministry issued an arrest warrant for Harith al-Dhari, the head of the influential Sunni Association of Muslim Scholars. A government official said kidnappers who snatched scores of Iraqis from a government ministry building in Baghdad tortured and killed some of them. Gunmen opened fire on a bakery in Baghdad, killing seven people and wounding two. In southern Iraq 4 American security contractors and their Austrian co-worker were held hostage after their convoy was hijacked. 9 civilians who were traveling with the convoy when it was hijacked, including men from India, Pakistan and the Philippines, were soon released. In 2008 Steve Fainaru authored “Big Boy Rules: America’s Mercenaries Fighting in Iraq," which described the kidnapping of the Crescent Security Group staffers.
    (AP, 11/16/06)(AP, 11/17/06)(SFC, 11/28/08, p.E2)
2006        Nov 16, In Kenya the UN conference on climate change ended. The participating 180 countries reached no agreement on how to cut greenhouse gas emissions.
    (http://unfccc.int/meetings/cop_12/items/3754.php)(Econ, 11/25/06, p.60)
2006        Nov 16, Jose Manuel Nava (53), a former general manager of one of Mexico's oldest newspapers, was found slain in his apartment in the capital, officials said, a week after he went public with his book criticizing the federal government, the business community and newspaper employees.
    (AP, 11/16/06)
2006        Nov 16, Pakistan President Pervez Musharraf commuted a British man's death sentence, officials said, paving the way towards his likely release after 18 years awaiting the hangman's noose. Mirza Tahir Hussain will instead be given a life sentence for the 1988 murder of a taxi driver, meaning the 36-year-old could be eligible to go free because of the time he has already served in prison. Hussain was freed the next day and left Pakistan.
    (AP, 11/16/06)(AP, 11/17/06)   
2006        Nov 16, Konstantin Romodanovsky, Russia’s director of the Federal Migration Service, said foreigners should no be allowed to create ethnic enclaves in which they outnumber native Russians. The Muslim population has risen to about 25 million and it was estimated to make up a fifth of the population by 2020.
    (SSFC, 11/19/06, p.A20)
2006        Nov 16, In Russia Yuri Levada (76), pioneering sociologist, died. He was shut out of his profession in Soviet times but came back to track public opinion as Russia made the transition from communism, died at his institute in Moscow.
    (AP, 11/16/06)
2006        Nov 16, A Rwandan military court sentenced Father Wenceslas Munyeshyaka, a Roman Catholic Rwandan priest living in exile in France, to life in prison for rape and helping extremist militias during the country's 1994 genocide. Also convicted and sentenced to life in prison was former Rwandan army general Laurent Munyakazi, who commanded the military in the capital's Nyarugenge district.
    (AFP, 11/16/06)
2006        Nov 16, Spain, France and Italy unveiled a five-point Middle East peace initiative, calling Israeli-Palestinian violence intolerable and saying that Europe must take a lead role in ending the conflict.
    (AP, 11/16/06)
2006        Nov 16, South Korea said it will reverse its long-standing refusal to join international efforts criticizing North Korea's human rights record and vote in favor of a UN resolution against the communist regime's alleged abuses.
    (AP, 11/16/06)
2006        Nov 16, Sri Lanka's President Mahinda Rajapakse appealed to Tiger rebels to resume talks to end bloodshed on the island as a British envoy met with the guerrillas to try to jumpstart stalled peace efforts.
    (AFP, 11/16/06)
2006        Nov 16, In Tonga youths infuriated by a lack of political reform attacked the prime minister's offices and other government buildings, smashing windows, looting shops and setting fires in Nuku’alofa, the capital of this near-feudal South Pacific kingdom. 8 people were killed and some four-fifths of the commercial district was destroyed.
    (AP, 11/16/06)(Econ, 11/25/06, p.42)
2006        Nov 16, Turkey's PM Erdogan offered training for the Iraqi police and army, and he urged power-sharing among ethnic groups in the Iraqi oil center of Kirkuk.
    (AP, 11/16/06)
2006        Nov 16, The Vatican reaffirmed the value of celibacy for priests after a summit led by Pope Benedict XVI that was spurred by a married African archbishop who has been excommunicated from the Roman Catholic Church.
    (AP, 11/16/06)
2006        Nov 16, UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan worked with key African, Arab, European leaders in Ethiopia to break the deadlock over worsening violence in Sudan's Darfur region. Leaders agreed in principle to a joint African Union-United Nations peacekeeping force for Darfur. UN humanitarian chief Jan Egeland arrived in Darfur to find security so bad he could not visit the camps outside el-Geneina town housing tens of thousands of displaced Darfuris.
    (Reuters, 11/16/06)(AP, 11/16/06)(AP, 11/16/07)
2006        Nov 16, In Uruguay a judge ordered the arrest of former president-turned-dictator Juan Maria Bordaberry and his foreign minister in connection with four political killings in 1976.
    (AP, 11/16/06)
2006        Nov 16, Zimbabwe invited more than 1,000 white farmers to collect compensation for property seized during controversial lands reforms launched by President Robert Mugabe's government.
    (AP, 11/16/06)

2006        Nov 17, Pres. Bush arrived in Vietnam ahead of a summit of Asia-Pacific leaders and individual meetings with a handful of leaders.
    (AP, 11/17/06)
2006        Nov 17, Cast into the minority in midterm elections, House Republicans chose John Boehner of Ohio to lead them.
    (AP, 11/17/07)
2006        Nov 17, Sonia Pierre (43) received the Robert F. Kennedy Human Rights Award at a ceremony in Washington, a prize of $30,000 and a promise from the center founded in honor of the late senator to help her cause. Her tireless work securing citizenship and education for Dominican-born ethnic Haitians has made her the target of threats at home, but has earned her recognition from overseas as a fierce defender of human rights.
    (AP, 11/17/06)
2006        Nov 17, The US FDA lifted a 14 year ban on the sale of silicon-gel breast implants.
    (SFC, 11/18/06, p.A1)
2006        Nov 17, Former "Seinfeld" star Michael Richards unleashed a barrage of racial epithets during a stand-up routine at the Laugh Factory in West Hollywood.
    (AP, 11/17/07)
2006        Nov 17, Montana state Sen. Sam Kitzenberg filed paperwork to change his party affiliation from Republican to Democrat giving state Democrats a 26-24 advantage.
    (SSFC, 11/19/06, p.A3)
2006        Nov 17, Ivan Hill, the so-called Freeway Slayer, was convicted in Los Angeles of killing six prostitutes in 1993 and 1994 in southern California. On Jan 2 a jury recommended the death penalty.
    (SFC, 1/3/07, p.B10)
2006        Nov 17, In California Nicola Bucci (37) killed 2 children in a Toyota as he passed a vehicle in his SUV driving uphill on Hwy 12 in Solano County. In 2010 a state appeals court upheld a double murder conviction against Bucci. He was sentenced to 23 years in prison. In July 1994, Bucci had pleaded no contest to two misdemeanor charges of vehicular manslaughter after a double-fatality crash Jan. 13, 1994, on Interstate 80 in Nevada County, according to Nevada County Superior Court records in Truckee.
    (SFC, 6/24/10, p.C5)(www.theunion.com/article/20061220/NEWS/112200133)
2006        Nov 17, Ruth Brown (78), Grammy- and Tony-winning singer, died.
    (AP, 11/17/07)
2006        Nov 17, Bo Schembechler (b.1929), former Univ. of Michigan football coach, died in Southfield, Mich.
    (WSJ, 11/18/06, p.A1)
2006        Nov 17, In southern Argentina President Nestor Kirchner inaugurated Puerto Belgrano naval base, a new military academy. The old Navy Mechanics' School in Buenos Aires, a prestigious school founded in the late 19th century and chief torture compound during Argentina's Dirty War, is now is being converted into a museum honoring Dirty War victims.
    (AP, 11/17/06)
2006        Nov 17, A British man convicted of what has been described as the country's first "web-rage" attack, was jailed for 2-1/2 years for assaulting a man he had exchanged insults with over the Internet.
    (Reuters, 11/17/06)
2006        Nov 17, The influential Association of Muslim Scholars called on Sunni politicians to quit Iraq's government and parliament, a day after the Shiite interior minister issued an arrest warrant for the association's leader. In southern Iraq British ground forces and US military helicopters fought with gunmen where four American security contractors and their Austrian co-worker were abducted in a convoy hijacking. An Austrian was killed and an American was seriously wounded after their convoy of security contractors was hijacked in southern Iraq.
    (AP, 11/17/06)
2006        Nov 17, An Israeli newspaper reported that Israel is using nanotechnology to create a robot no bigger than a hornet that would be able to chase, photograph and kill its targets.
    (Reuters, 11/17/06)
2006        Nov 17, In Italy British musician Peter Gabriel (56) has been awarded "Man of Peace 2006" at the start of the annual summit of Nobel peace prize laureates organized by the Gorbachev Foundation and the City of Rome.
    (AP, 11/17/06)
2006        Nov 17, Italy turned over Rabei Osman Sayed Ahmed (35) an Egyptian Muslim militant convicted of terrorism to Spain, where he is charged as a key suspect in the 2004 Madrid terror bombing.
    (AP, 11/17/06)
2006        Nov 17, Japan’s Sony Corp. launched its new PlayStation 3 (PS3) in the USA.
    (AP, 11/17/06)
2006        Nov 17, Nicaragua’s President Enrique Bolanos signed a bill banning abortion in all cases, including when a woman's life is endangered, despite opposition from doctors, women's rights groups and diplomats.
    (AP, 11/18/06)
2006        Nov 17, Nigeria's opposition called for an investigation into a 12-billion naira (93-million dollar) scandal that hit the front pages with allegations of government involvement. Several Lagos newspapers reported that Starcrest was only a firm "on paper" and that it had been founded in May by several figures in government including President Olusegun Obasanjo's electoral campaign fundraiser Emeka Ofor.
    (AFP, 11/17/06)
2006        Nov 17, In northwestern Pakistan a suicide bomber wounded two policemen in the latest attack targeting security forces.
    (AP, 11/17/06)
2006        Nov 17, Russian authorities said 5 senior officials at a federal health insurance fund have been arrested on suspicion of bribery, days after Russia's top prosecutor said that corruption has "permeated all levels" of the government.
    (AP, 11/17/06)
2006        Nov 17, Sudan reversed its long-standing opposition to allowing UN peacekeepers within its borders, agreeing in principle to a plan that will permit an international force to bolster African troops in Darfur, one of the world's bloodiest conflict zones. A former southern rebel soldier killed 5 policemen in the Jabal Awliaa area, 30 kilometers (19 miles) south of Khartoum.
    (AP, 11/17/06)(Reuters, 11/17/06)
2006        Nov 17, In southern Thailand 3 bomb blasts killed one person and wounded at least 30 others.
    (AP, 11/18/06)
2006        Nov 17, The UN General Assembly called for an end to Israeli military operations in the Gaza Strip, overwhelmingly passing a resolution in an emergency special session the Israeli ambassador blasted as a "farce" and a "circus."
    (AP, 11/18/06)
2006        Nov 17, UN aid bodies said torrential rains and floods have hit up to 1.8 million people in the Horn of Africa, driving tens of thousands from their homes and threatening to trigger epidemics. Torrential rains have pounded the Horn of Africa this month, bringing misery to large parts of Kenya, Somalia, Ethiopia, Sudan and Eritrea.
    (AP, 11/17/06)
2006        Nov 17, A Zambian court ruled that ailing former president Frederick Chiluba is currently unfit to stand trial for corruption and should be immediately sent to South Africa for treatment.
    (AFP, 11/17/06)

2006        Nov 18, President Bush lobbied world leaders in Vietnam and lined up support for pressuring North Korea to prove it is serious about dismantling its nuclear weapons program. Asia-Pacific leaders put their political muscle behind the drive to free up global trade, but they struggled to find common ground on how best to tackle the North Korea nuclear crisis.
    (AP, 11/18/06)
2006        Nov 18, Tom Cruise and Katie Holmes exchanged wedding vows in a glowing 15th-century castle in the medieval lakeside town of Bracciano, Italy.
    (AP, 11/18/07)
2006        Nov 18, Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflika appealed for private investment in the North African country as he opened the 10th congress of Arab businessmen in Algiers.
    (AFP, 11/18/06)
2006        Nov 18, In Australia police on horseback and wielding batons clashed with rock- and bottle-throwing demonstrators outside a G-20 meeting of some the world's top financial officials, turning what had been promised as a peaceful rally against poverty into running street skirmishes.
    (AP, 11/18/06)
2006        Nov 18, Bangladesh's main opposition announced it would form a grand alliance with other major political parties to force the ouster of a controversial election chief and pave the way for "fair" elections.
    (AFP, 11/18/06)
2006        Nov 18, In Belgium Els Van Doren (38) smashed into a back garden from some 4,500 meters because both her main and reserve parachutes failed to open after she jumped from a plane with Els Clottemans (26), their lover, Dutchman Marcel Somers, and another man. In 2010 Els Clottemans went on trial charged with the murder of her fellow skydiver and love rival. She was convicted and jailed for 30 years for killing her rival.
    (AP, 9/24/10)(AFP, 10/21/10)
2006        Nov 18, British PM Tony Blair arrived in Pakistan for talks with President Pervez Musharraf on how to defeat a resurgent Taliban, pool counter-terrorist intelligence and tackle militancy in Pakistan's religious schools.
    (AP, 11/18/06)
2006        Nov 18, In southern China police in Dongzhou dispersed a crowd and freed 8 hostages held captive for a week by villagers angry about the detention of a local activist. In eastern China a stampede on a stairwell killed six children and injured 11 at Tutang Middle School in Jiangxi province's Duchang County.
    (AP, 11/18/06)(AP, 11/19/06)
2006        Nov 18, Jean-Pierre Bemba, the former rebel who lost Congo's presidential elections, filed a lawsuit at the Supreme Court to challenge the vote count as dozens of his supporters marched through downtown Kinshasa.
    (AP, 11/18/06)
2006        Nov 18, Gabonese President Omar Bongo said in a statement that the Central African Economic and Monetary Community (CEMAC) had "acceded to a request from the Central African Republic authorities to intervene in securing conflict zones." CEMAC's members include the Central African Republic, Chad, Gabon, Congo, Cameroon and Equatorial Guinea.
    (AFP, 11/18/06)
2006        Nov 18, Iraqi forces searching for four American security contractors and an Austrian, who were kidnapped in southern Iraq, detained about 200 suspected insurgents. Islamic Companies, a previously unknown group, claimed responsibility for the kidnapping, according to an Iranian-run Arabic-language satellite news station. US military killed 11 insurgents and detained 24 suspected ones in raids in and around the Iraqi cities of Tikrit, Baqouba, Hit, Youssifiyah and Baghdad. Ten people were killed, including three policemen shot by insurgents in Diyala province. Police found 23 corpses in Iraq, including 20 in Baghdad. Britain's Treasury chief Gordon Brown, who is expected to replace PM Tony Blair as Britain's leader next year, made an unannounced visit to Iraq to meet with Iraqi officials and British soldiers.
    (AP, 11/18/06)(AP, 11/19/06)
2006        Nov 18, Avigdor Lieberman, Israel's new deputy prime minister, said Israel should ignore moderate Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas, wipe out the Hamas leadership and walk away from the U.S.-backed "road map" peace plan.
    (AP, 11/18/06)
2006        Nov 18, Italian Premier Romano Prodi won a key confidence vote in the Chamber of Deputies on the center-left government's planned 2007 budget, which included heavily protested tax increases and spending cuts.
    (AP, 11/18/06)
2006        Nov 18, The Mexican government released a long-awaited report that for the first time officially blamed "the highest command levels" of three former presidencies for the massacres, tortures and slayings of hundreds of leftists from the 1960s to the 1980s. In Michoacan state at least three of 10 lawyers being held hostage by inmates were killed after police raided the Mil Cumbres prison in Morelia to try to rescue them.
    (AP, 11/18/06)
2006        Nov 18, Movladi Baisarov, the former head of one of Chechnya's shadowy security forces, was fatally shot in Moscow by law enforcement officers who were trying to detain him on suspicion of abductions and killings in the violence-plagued southern region.
    (AP, 11/18/06)
2006        Nov 18, In Sri Lanka a sea battle, a bomb blast and gunfire killed at least 23 people, a day after the rebels denounced a government call to disarm as a joke.
    (AP, 11/18/06)
2006        Nov 18, Sudanese Foreign Minister Lam Akol told reporters "We did not agree to the deployment of hybrid United Nations-African Union forces in Darfur, as was declared by UN Secretary General Kofi Annan after the Addis Ababa consultative meeting." He said the Sudanese delegation agreed only on UN technical units to back up the AU forces in Darfur.
    (AP, 11/18/06)
2006        Nov 18, Soldiers and police from New Zealand arrived in the Tongan capital to help restore order after mobs demanding democratic reforms destroyed much of the capital in unprecedented rioting that left at least eight people dead.
    (AP, 11/18/06)

2006        Nov 19, President Bush in Vietnam sought Chinese President Hu Jintao's help on dual fronts, aiming to rein in North Korea's nuclear ambitions and encourage the Chinese people to buy more US goods. Pacific Rim leaders urged North Korea to take concrete steps to live up to its commitments to stop developing nuclear weapons.
    (AP, 11/19/06)
2006        Nov 19, Henry Kissinger, former US Secretary of State, said in a television interview that military victory is no longer possible in Iraq.
    (AP, 11/19/06)
2006        Nov 19, In Denver, Colorado, tens of thousands of people turned out for a celebration to welcome the city's newest addition to its mass transit system: a train. The new 19-mile-long commuter rail line, projected to carry at least 38,000 passengers each day, officially opened.
    (AP, 11/19/06)
2006        Nov 19, Blackstone Group, a US private-equity firm, bid a record $36-billion, including debt, to buyout Equity Office Properties Trust.
    (www.chicagobusiness.com/cgi-bin/news.pl?id=22934)(Econ, 11/25/06, p.74)
2006        Nov 19, Nintendo's new Wii video game console debuted, the final entrant in the three-way scramble for dominance in the $30 billion global game market.
    (Reuters, 11/19/06)
2006        Nov 19, Jeremy Slate (80), TV and film actor, died in Los Angeles.
    (AP, 11/19/07)
2006        Nov 19, In Bolivia 6 governors of 9 departments announced a break with central government. The 2 main opposition parties walked out of the Senate, leaving it inquorate. The governors opposed moves by Pres. Morales to centralize power, a bill to scrutinize governors’ accounts, and details of voting power of a new Constituent Assembly.
    (Econ, 11/25/06, p.38)
2006        Nov 19, Fellow dissidents said Col. Alexander Litvinenko, a former KGB and Federal Security Service (FSB) poisoned in Britain and now gravely ill and under guard in the hospital, may have been targeted for his outspoken criticism of former colleagues in Moscow. He accused his country's secret service agency of staging apartment-house bombings in 1999 that killed more than 300 people in Russia and sparked the second war in Chechnya.
    (AP, 11/19/06)
2006        Nov 19, British PM Tony Blair acknowledged the West had changed strategy in the fight against terrorism, telling Pakistan's president that brokering a broad Mideast peace deal was now as crucial as using force to battle militants.
    (AP, 11/19/06)
2006        Nov 19, India successfully test-fired a medium-range nuclear-capable missile, days after its rival Pakistan launched a similar missile.
    (AP, 11/19/06)
2006        Nov 19, Iran’s official Islamic Republic News Agency reported that President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad has demanded more ties with North Korea and urged for nuclear disarmament in Korean peninsula.
    (AP, 11/19/06)
2006        Nov 19, In Iraq Syria's foreign minister called for a timetable for the withdrawal of American forces to help end Iraq's sectarian bloodbath, in a groundbreaking diplomatic mission that came amid increasing calls for the US to seek cooperation from Syria and Iran. A suicide bomber in a minivan lured day laborers to his vehicle with promises of a job then blew it up, killing 22 people and wounding 44 in the mainly Shiite southern city of Hillah. At least 112 people were killed nationwide.
    (AP, 11/19/06)
2006        Nov 19, An Israeli aircraft fired a missile at a car traveling in Gaza City, wounding 6 people, including two Hamas militants. Militants from the ruling Islamic group Hamas fired two rockets from the Gaza Strip at the Israeli town of Sderot. Israel canceled airstrikes on the houses of Gaza militants after Palestinians formed human shields around them.
    (AP, 11/19/06)(WSJ, 11/20/06, p.A1)
2006        Nov 19, Japan's PM Shinzo Abe, fresh after his first Asia-Pacific summit, kicked off his official visit to Vietnam as business chiefs unveiled plans to invest more than 700 million dollars.
    (AP, 11/19/06)
2006        Nov 19, In Lebanon Sheik Hassan Nasrallah, Hezbollah's leader, urged his followers to prepare for mass demonstrations to topple the government if it ignores the militant group's demand to form a national unity coalition.
    (AP, 11/19/06)
2006        Nov 19, Mauritanians voted for a national parliament in the first election since a military junta seized control in 2005.
    (AP, 11/19/06)
2006        Nov 19, In Mexico a public defender died of his injuries after being shot by inmates who took a group of lawyers hostage near the central Mexican city of Morelia, bringing the death toll in the incident to five.
    (AP, 11/20/06)
2006        Nov 19, Mexican Gen. Francisco Quiros, imprisoned for drug trafficking and implicated in the disappearance of leftists during Mexico's "dirty war," died from cancer. In 2005 a judge ordered Quiros arrested for the 1974 kidnapping of singer Rosendo Radilla, who disappeared after being seized by soldiers at a roadblock.
    (AP, 11/20/06)
2006        Nov 19, In northeastern Nicaragua a giant tree fell on an evangelical church while Rev. Larry Wayne Poll (64), an American pastor, was delivering his sermon, killing 11 people including the clergyman.
    (AP, 11/20/06)
2006        Nov 19, In Pakistan the decapitated body of Maulana Hashim Khan (45) was found. Militants had beheaded the Islamic school teacher, accusing him of spying for the US in North Waziristan.
    (AP, 11/19/06)
2006        Nov 19, Lima's mayor Luis Castaneda was returned to office in nationwide regional elections expected to give major gains to independents as Peruvians shunned traditional political parties.
    (AP, 11/20/06)
2006        Nov 19, Russia and the US signed a key trade agreement, removing the last major obstacle in Moscow's 13-year journey to join the World Trade Organization.
    (AP, 11/19/06)
2006        Nov 19, It was reported that Terracom was building a fiber optic network throughout Rwanda’s  11,000 square miles. An Internet connection in Kigali was now available for $70 per month, down from $1500 5 years ago.
    (SSFC, 11/19/06, p.G6)
2006        Nov 19, In Somalia Islamic fighters used land mines and ambushed an 80-vehicle Ethiopian military convoy headed to Baidoa killing 6 soldiers and injuring 20.
    (SFC, 11/20/06, p.A3)
2006        Nov 19, Darfur rebels said the Sudanese government has launched a major offensive in North Darfur despite an agreement to hold new talks among all parties to the conflict.
    (AP, 11/19/06)\
2006        Nov 19, Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe left on a four-day state visit to Iran to beef up trade and political ties.
    (AP, 11/20/06)

2006        Nov 20, President Bush in Indonesia shrugged off protests that greeted him in the world's most populous Muslim nation, calling it a sign of a healthy democracy. Bush praised Indonesia's "pluralism and its diversity" and said that the world should look to the predominantly Muslim country as an example.
    (AP, 11/20/06)
2006        Nov 20, The US Mint announced designs for new one-dollar coins that will feature images of the presidents beginning in February.
    (SFC, 11/20/06, p.A1)
2006        Nov 20, Six imams were removed from a US Airways flight at Minneapolis-St. Paul International Airport after passengers reported they were acting suspiciously.
    (AP, 11/20/07)
2006        Nov 20, O.J. Simpson's book and TV special were canceled, an astonishing end to an imaginary confession that had sickened the public as the very worst kind of tabloid sensation. "If I Did It," in which Simpson was to have described how he would have killed his ex-wife, had been scheduled to air as a two-part interview Nov. 27 and Nov. 29 on Fox. The book was to have followed on Nov. 30. Harper Collins said all copies would be destroyed. The book was later brought out by a different publisher.
    (AP, 11/20/06)(SFC, 11/24/06, p.A3)(AP, 11/20/07)
2006        Nov 20, A bus crash in Huntsville, Alabama, killed 3 teenage girls and left at least 30 students injured. A 4th student died the next day.
    (SFC, 11/21/06, p.A3)(SFC, 11/22/06, p.A3)
2006        Nov 20, Robert Altman (b.1925), film director, producer and writer, died in Los Angeles. His numerous films included “M*A*S*H" (1970) and “Nashville" (1975).
    (SFC, 11/22/06, p.A1)(Econ, 11/25/06, p.87)
2006        Nov 20, Dirk Dirksen (b.1937), the godfather of San Francisco punk rock, died. He moved to SF in 1974 and soon began presenting late-night events at the Mabuhay Gardens in North Beach, where punk rock found a home.
    (SFC, 11/22/06, p.B7)
2006        Nov 20, British PM Tony Blair told soldiers fighting a resurgent Taliban that success in Afghanistan would be a step toward global security, and pledged Britain's commitment to the war-torn country "for as long as it takes."
    (AP, 11/20/06)
2006        Nov 20, In Austria 35 nations tried to find common ground in a fractious session focusing on what to do about Iran's requests to the UN nuclear watchdog agency for help on projects including building a plutonium-producing reactor.
    (AP, 11/20/06)
2006        Nov 20, British Brig. Grismond "Gris" Davies-Scourfield died at age 88. He won a Military Cross for his part in the Allied defense of Calais during World War II and later escaped from the Nazis holding him prisoner in the notorious Colditz Castle.
    (AP, 12/6/06)
2006        Nov 20, Authorities seized a 50-foot homemade submarine with 3 tons of cocaine off the coast of Costa Rica.
    (SFC, 11/21/06, p.A2)
2006        Nov 20, China’s Pres. Hu Jintao arrived in New Delhi for the second visit by a Chinese president.
    (AP, 11/20/06)
2006        Nov 20, Eritrea and Ethiopia both rejected plans by a UN-appointed border panel to demarcate their contentious frontier on paper.
    (AFP, 11/21/06)
2006        Nov 20, French prosecutors approved international arrest warrants for 9 Rwandan officials in connection with the 1994 attack that killed Rwanda's president, triggering the central African country's genocide. Magistrate Jean-Louis Bruguiere also said there was evidence that "Paul Kagame and members of his military staff devised the operation" to destroy Rwandan President Juvenal Habyarimana's plane.
    (Reuters, 11/21/06)
2006        Nov 20, In Kempten, Germany, nurse Stephan Letter was convicted of killing 28 of his patients  (2003-2004) at a hospital in Sonthofen, Germany, and sentenced to life in prison.
    (AP, 11/20/06)
2006        Nov 20, In northwest Germany, Sebastian Bosse (18) with explosives strapped to his body, killed himself after storming a high school in Emsdetten and injuring several people with gunfire.
    (AP, 11/21/06)
2006        Nov 20, In Guatemala City an enormous fire broke out at Central America's largest open-air market killing 15 people, including three minors.
    (AP, 11/21/06)
2006        Nov 20, In eastern India an explosion ripped through two cars of a passenger train, killing at least 8 people and injuring about 60 people.
    (AP, 11/21/06)
2006        Nov 20, Iran invited Iraq and Syria to talks in Tehran aimed at curbing violence in Iraq.
    (SFC, 11/21/06, p.A1)
2006        Nov 20, Assassins killed Walid Hassan (47), a popular Baghdad television comedian and a professor at a university south of the capital, but failed in attempts to kill two government officials as the country's leader met with Syria's foreign minister about improving security and reopening diplomatic relations. At least 25 Iraqis were killed in a series of attacks in Baghdad, Ramadi and Baquba. The bodies of 75 Iraqis, who had been kidnapped and tortured, were found in Baghdad, Dujail and in the Tigris River in southern Iraq.  It was reported that at least 21 Iraqi interpreters had been kidnapped and shot in the head in Basra over the last month.
    (AP, 11/20/06)(SFC, 11/20/06, p.A9)(AP, 11/21/06)(SFC, 11/21/06, p.A13)
2006        Nov 20, Italian Premier Romano Prodi’s center-left government got rid of the heads of its 3 intelligence chiefs: military service (SISMI), civil agency (SISDI) and the coordinating body CESIS.
    (Econ, 11/25/06, p.48)
2006        Nov 20, Mexico’s defeated presidential candidate Lopez Obrador planned to be sworn in as the country's "legitimate president" as Mexico celebrated its 1910 revolution.
    (AP, 11/20/06)
2006        Nov 20, Armed men attacked the offices of a Nigerian aid group in the southern oil hub of Port Harcourt, killing one person and wounding another. The dead man had offered to help find Ateke Tom, a militant wanted by the Nigerian government in connection with a string of kidnappings and bank robberies.
    (AP, 11/20/06)
2006        Nov 20, A Paraguayan court dropped corruption charges against former President Luis Gonzalez Macchi, acknowledging it had failed to meet a deadline for hearing full testimony on accusations he maintained a secret Swiss bank account.
    (AP, 11/20/06)
2006        Nov 20, Gen. Addeh Museh, the president of the semiautonomous region of Puntland, said he will rule according to Islamic law, a surprising move in a relatively stable area that has resisted the spread of Islamic militants who control most of southern Somalia.
    (AP, 11/20/06)
2006        Nov 20, In South Africa police said Ananias Mathe, a Mozambican national awaiting trial on rape, murder and other charges, escaped from Pretoria's C-Max prison  by greasing himself up with petroleum jelly and squeezing out of a tiny window. This was the first reported escape at the top security prison in its 36-year history. On Dec 4 Mathe was shot and captured.
    (AP, 11/20/06)(AFP, 12/4/06)
2006        Nov 20, Sudan’s President Omar al-Bashir's government hailed a new agreement with the UN over peacekeepers in Darfur as a diplomatic breakthrough, but said serious differences remain over the force's makeup and command.
    (AP, 11/20/06)
2006        Nov 20, In Turkey police arrested 29 leftist activists who broke into The Associated Press office in Ankara to protest alleged mistreatment of prisoners.
    (AP, 11/20/06)
2006        Nov 20, Uzbekistan blocked a UN resolution backed by the US and Western nations criticizing its human rights violations, including the harassment, beatings and arrests of journalists and civil activists.
    (AP, 11/20/06)

2006        Nov 21, The US Environmental Protection Agency announced that pesticides can be applied over and near bodies of water without a permit under the federal Clean Water Act.
    (AP, 11/21/06)
2006        Nov 21, In Atlanta, Ga., Kathryn Johnston (92) was shot to death by police after she fired at narcotics investigators as they stormed her house in a no-knock raid. In 2007 2 officers pleaded guilty to killing Johnston. One of the officers had planted marijuana there as part of a cover story. In 2009 a judge sentenced 3 former Atlanta police officers to prison for their role in the botched raid.
    (AP, 11/22/06)(SFC, 4/27/07, p.A4)(SFC, 2/25/09, p.A4)
2006        Nov 21, An Australian government report said Australia should use its uranium to fuel its own nuclear power industry and curb greenhouse gas emissions. Australia held 38% of the world’s low cost uranium reserves.
    (Econ, 11/25/06, p.59)
2006        Nov 21, In Austria diplomats said most of the 35 nations at a key meeting of the UN nuclear watchdog agency have agreed to deny Iran technical aid for a plutonium-producing reactor.
    (AP, 11/21/06)
2006        Nov 21, The UN Security Council voted to extend the EU peacekeeping force in Bosnia for a year, welcoming "tangible signs" of the Balkan nation's progress toward EU membership.
    (AP, 11/21/06)
2006        Nov 21, Cambodian PM Hun Sen, other senior officials and South Korea’s President Roh Moo-Hyun arrived in Siem Reap, the gateway to the famed Angkor temple complex, to kick off the Angkor-Gyeongju Culture Expo, a joint cultural festival that runs through January 2007.
    (AFP, 11/21/06)
2006        Nov 21, In northeastern China a bus carrying primary school students plunged off a bridge, killing eight of the children and injuring 39.
    (AP, 11/21/06)
2006        Nov 21, Gunfire and street fights erupted outside Congo's supreme court and a blaze swept through the building as hearings began over fraud allegations in a presidential election meant to bring lasting peace. Bosange Mbaka, a reporter with the Kinshasa-based newspaper Mambenga, was arrested while covering a supreme court hearing in Kinshasa. In May 2007 media rights group Reporters Without Borders (RSF) called for his release.
    (AP, 11/21/06)(AFP, 5/21/07)
2006        Nov 21, In Paris, France, nations representing half the world's population signed a long-awaited, $12.8 billion pact for a nuclear fusion reactor that could revolutionize global energy use for future generations. The International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) project by the US, the EU, China, India, Russia, Japan and South Korea will attempt to combat global warming by harnessing the fusion that runs the sun, creating an alternative to polluting fossil fuels. The project under the direction of Kaname Ikeda of Japan will be built in Cadarache in the southern French region of Provence and is expected to create about 10,000 jobs and take about eight years to build. The project was first proposed by Mikhail Gorbachev in 1985.
    (AP, 11/21/06)(Econ, 11/25/06, p.61)
2006        Nov 21, Iraq restored diplomatic relations with Syria as part of a wider regional effort to clamp off violence in Iraq. Iraqi and US forces raided Baghdad's Sadr City and detained seven militia members, including one believed to have information about an American soldier kidnapped last month. A young boy and two other people were killed in the early morning raid. A US soldier died of a non-hostile injuries north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 11/21/06)(AP, 11/22/06)
2006        Nov 21, Israel's Supreme Court ordered the government to recognize same-sex marriages performed abroad.
    (AP, 11/21/06)
2006        Nov 21, The Israeli military launched a three-pronged offensive in the northern Gaza Strip, killing a top Hamas commander in its latest operation against Palestinian rocket squads. An elderly Palestinian woman died in a gunbattle between troops and militants. Two Italian aid workers were kidnapped in the Gaza Strip. Both were released within 24 hours.
    (AP, 11/21/06)(AP, 11/22/06)
2006        Nov 21, In Lebanon prominent anti-Syrian Christian politician Pierre Gemayel was assassinated in a suburb of Beirut.
    (AP, 11/21/06)
2006        Nov 21, Arab and African leaders in Libya agreed to work together to end the crisis in the Darfur region of Sudan.
    (AP, 11/22/06)
2006        Nov 21, Roberto Marcos Garcia (50), chief reporter for the weekly Testimonio crime magazine in Mexico’s port city of Veracruz, was toppled from his motorcycle and run over by unidentified assailants who then shot him at close range.
    (AP, 11/21/06)
2006        Nov 21, Nepal's government and rebels signed a peace deal to end a decade-long insurgency, paving the way for the guerrillas to join the country's interim government.
    (AP, 11/21/06)
2006        Nov 21, In Nicaragua Doris Jimenez (25) was murdered in San Juan. Her boyfriend Eric Volz (27), an American real estate broker working in Managua, was convicted of her murder despite evidence that placed him in Managua at the time her death. In early 2007 Volz began a 30 year sentence as he waited for an appeal.
    (WSJ, 3/17/07, p.A14)
2006        Nov 21, In Quetta, Pakistan, police arrested 39 Afghans suspected of being Taliban fighters. An Islamist group insisted the detainees were only students.
    (AP, 11/21/06)
2006        Nov 21, In southern Poland 23 coal miners were killed in an explosion at the Halemba mine.
    (AP, 11/23/06)
2006        Nov 21, Konstantin Meshcheryakov, co-owner of a small Russian private bank, was gunned down in an apparent contract killing in central Moscow. Spetssetstroibank with offices in Moscow and St. Petersburg opened in 1994.
    (AP, 11/22/06)
2006        Nov 21, The UN said an estimated 4.3 million people were infected with HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, in the last 12 months. The UNAIDS report estimated that the total number of people infected with HIV stood between 34-47 million.
    (http://tinyurl.com/tajka)(Econ, 11/25/06, p.84)

2006        Nov 22, The U.S. Copyright Office said cell phone owners can now break locks to use their handsets with competing carriers, while film professors have the right to copy snippets from DVDs for educational compilations.
    (AP, 11/22/06)
2006        Nov 22, Two explosions at a chemical plant in Danvers, Mass., wrecked 25 homes and left nearly 400 people homeless. 10 people suffered minor injuries.
    (SFC, 11/23/06, p.A4)
2006        Nov 22, Bangladesh's chief election commissioner M.A. Aziz bowed to pressure to step aside, an official said, after months of protests by the opposition which accused him of seeking to rig national elections in January.
    (AP, 11/22/06)
2006        Nov 22, Police in the west African state of Benin arrested two rebel leaders from the Central African Republic (CAR), whose forces are waging a violent offensive in their home country. The leader of the rebel Union of Democratic Forces for Unity, Michel Am Non Droko Djotodia, and his spokesman Abakar Sabone, were apprehended in Benin's capital, Cotonou, under an international arrest warrant. In 2008 President Boni Yayi asked for and obtained the lifting of the international arrest warrant" for the two rebel leaders.
    (AP, 11/25/06)(AFP, 2/19/08)
2006        Nov 22, Britain's parliament passed legislation allowing the Northern Ireland Assembly to be dissolved in January and an election held weeks later in hopes of reviving a Catholic-Protestant administration.
    (AP, 11/22/06)
2006        Nov 22, Canadian police arrested 90 people in a series of raids targeting what officials said was traditional Italian organized crime in the Montreal area. The raids stemmed from an investigation dubbed Project Colisee that began in 2004.
    (AP, 11/22/06)
2006        Nov 22, China reported that the number of HIV/AIDS cases is nearly 30% higher than for all of last year, with intravenous drug use as the biggest source of infection.
    (AP, 11/22/06)
2006        Nov 22, The administrator of Ethiopia’s zoo in Addis Ababa said their rare Abyssinian lion cubs were being poisoned and sold to taxidermists because there was not enough money to care for them. It was estimated that only 1000 of the animals remained in the wild.
    (SFC, 11/24/06, p.A23)
2006        Nov 22, The European Commission said Russia had told the 25-nation bloc it intends to ban all animal product exports from the EU starting next year because Moscow claimed new members Bulgaria and Romania had poor animal health standards.
    (AP, 11/22/06)
2006        Nov 22, In India a fire engulfed a locked leather factory in Calcutta, killing at least nine people who had been trapped inside.
    (AP, 11/22/06)
2006        Nov 22, Indonesia's foreign minister said that his country would be willing to send peacekeepers to Iraq and could encourage other Muslim countries to do the same.
    (AP, 11/22/06)
2006        Nov 22, The UN said that 3,709 Iraqi civilians were killed in October, the highest monthly toll since the March 2003 US invasion. Gunmen in Baghdad shot dead a bodyguard of the parliament speaker and wounded another. Raad Jaafar Hamadi, an Iraqi journalist working for the state-run al-Sabah newspaper in Baghdad, was killed in a drive-by shooting. At least 13 Iraqis were killed and six wounded in attacks by suspected insurgents using drive-by shootings and bombings in Baghdad and other areas of Iraq.
    (AP, 11/22/06)
2006        Nov 22, Israeli ground troops, tanks and armored vehicles advanced on two northern Gaza towns in pursuit of Palestinian rocket squads, besieging a well-known Hamas lawmaker's house and engaging militants in ferocious clashes.
    (AP, 11/22/06)
2006        Nov 22, Authorities in Italy, Spain, the United States and several South American countries arrested 76 people as part of a major drug crackdown in which a restaurant linked to one of Colombia's most feared warlords was seized.
    (AP, 11/22/06)
2006        Nov 22, In Mexico a violent Mexican drug gang took out a rare, half-page ad in newspapers in which they claimed to be anti-crime vigilantes who wanted to stop kidnapping, robbery and the sale of methamphetamine in the western state of Michoacan.
    (AP, 11/23/06)
2006        Nov 22, Dutch voters picked a new parliament in an election that could determine whether the country's tight immigration rules get even tougher or follow what the opposition calls a more humane path. Dutch PM Jan Peter Balkenende’s center-right Christian Democrats won the most seats in elections, but nearly complete returns showed a sharply splintered parliament with no alliance winning a clear mandate to govern.
    (AP, 11/22/06)(AP, 11/23/06)(Econ, 11/25/06, p.50)
2006        Nov 22, In Nigeria a Briton was killed and one Italian injured when a group of armed men fleeing in a boat with their seven foreign oil worker hostages exchanged fire offshore with a navy patrol in the southern Rivers State. A rescue attempt freed the 6 remaining hostages and left 2 kidnappers and a soldier dead.
    (AFP, 11/23/06)(SFC, 11/23/06, p.A40)
2006        Nov 22, In Norway a court rejected an appeal by the founder of Ansar al-Islam, a suspected Islamic terror group in Iraq, and upheld a government order to expel him as a threat to national security.
    (AP, 11/22/06)
2006        Nov 22, Amnesty International accused Russian police of beating and torturing suspects and criticized authorities for what it said were insufficient investigations into such allegations.
    (AP, 11/22/06)
2006        Nov 22, Rwanda’s Pres. Kagame dismissed French accusations as "rubbish," and instead said a trial should be opened against France, which he accuses of abetting the 100-day 1994 genocide in which minority Tutsis and moderate Hutus were targeted by Hutu extremists.
    (AP, 11/23/06)
2006        Nov 22, Tens of thousands of South Korean workers held rallies and labor strikes to oppose a free trade agreement with the US and demand better working conditions.
    (AP, 11/22/06)
2006        Nov 22, Sudanese President Omar al-Beshir told Britain and the UN that he still rejects the deployment of UN troops in war-torn Darfur.
    (AFP, 11/23/06)
2006        Nov 22, In southern Thailand a woman was shot and her body burnt in Narathiwat, while a second victim, believed to be Buddhist man, was shot several times in the face. A separatist leader said the Al-Qaeda-linked Jemaah Islamiyah (JI) extremist network is helping groups of young fighters stage attacks in Thailand's Muslim-majority south.
    (AP, 11/22/06)
2006        Nov 22, A Yemen court convicted 34 men of plotting attacks across the country, including one aimed at the US Embassy. It sentenced Ibrahim Mohammed Sharafeldeen, the leader of the Shiite rebel group, to death.
    (AP, 11/22/06)

2006        Nov 23, Scientists studying mice said they have found what may be a master cardiac stem cell, able to change into the three major cell types in a mammal's heart, in a finding that could help guide heart repair in people.
    (Reuters, 11/23/06)
2006        Nov 23, Gerald M. Boyd (b.1950), the 1st black managing editor of the NY Times (2001-2003, died of cancer.
    (SFC, 11/24/06, p.)
2006        Nov 23, Betty Comden (b.1917), lyricist, died in New York. She teamed with Adolph Green to write such Broadway musicals as “On the Town" (1944) and Peter Pan."
    (SFC, 11/24/06, p.A1)
2006        Nov 23, Anita O’Day (87), jazz singer, died in West Los Angeles. Her 1981 autobiography was titled “High Times Hard Times."
    (SFC, 11/24/06, p.A1)
2006        Nov 23, In North Oakland, Ca., 3 people were shot and killed during a Thanksgiving party. In 2008 brothers Asmeron and Tewodros Gebreselassie faced trial for killing 3 of their dead brother’s relatives during the party.
    (SFC, 7/10/08, p.B3)
2006        Nov 23, In central Afghanistan an insurgent rocket attack killed one NATO soldier and injured another while they were on patrol.
    (AP, 11/23/06)
2006        Nov 23, Belarusian police detained opposition leader Alexander Milinkevich during a visit to a province where he was gathering signatures in support of candidates for local elections.
    (AP, 11/23/06)
2006        Nov 23, Teenagers aged 16 and 17 have voted for the first time in the British Isles, as the Isle of Man held a landmark general election to choose members for its 24 seats in the House of Keys, the main branch of the Isle of Man's bicameral parliament.
    (AP, 11/23/06)
2006        Nov 23, Alexander Litvinenko, a former KGB agent, died in London. The British government said Litvinenko, the former KGB agent turned Kremlin critic, had a toxic radioactive substance in his body. Litvinenko had blamed a "barbaric and ruthless" Russian President Vladimir Putin for his fatal poisoning. The radioactive element polonium-210 was found in Litvinenko's urine. In 2007 it was reported that Litvinenko had been working for British secret intelligence service MI6.
    (AP, 11/24/06)(AP, 10/27/07)
2006        Nov 23, In Cameroon the African Union's 53 finance ministers, meeting in Yaounde, called for debt cancellation from their creditors and increased aid packages.
    (AP, 11/24/06)
2006        Nov 23, Canada's opposition Liberal party announced support for Conservative PM Stephen Harper's motion recognizing French-speaking Quebec as a nation within Canada, adding political weight to an attempt to pre-empt similar efforts by Quebec separatists.
    (AP, 11/23/06)
2006        Nov 23, China’s state media reported government plans to spend about $250 billion extending the country's expressways to deal with a surge in car ownership over the next three decades.
    (AP, 11/23/06)
2006        Nov 23, Chinese President Hu Jintao received a red carpet welcome to Pakistan on a trip aimed at expanding economic ties with Beijing's longtime ally, including signing a free trade agreement between the two countries.
    (AP, 11/23/06)
2006        Nov 23, The imprisoned leaders of Colombia's right-wing militias called for the creation of a truth commission where they can confess their actions in the brutal civil war.
    (AP, 11/23/06)
2006        Nov 23, A military official said France has bolstered its presence in the Central African Republic with 100 more troops following rebel attacks and growing concern over the neighboring Darfur region of Sudan.
    (AP, 11/23/06)
2006        Nov 23, Philippe Noiret (b.1930), French comedian and film actor, died in Paris.
    (AP, 11/23/07)
2006        Nov 23, In India a Tibetan activist protesting against Chinese rule in the Himalayan region set himself on fire outside a hotel where China's president was staying. An official later said the activist was not seriously injured.
    (AP, 11/23/06)
2006        Nov 23, In northeast India a bomb exploded near a train station, killing two people and injuring 10 in Gauhati, the capital of Assam state.
    (AP, 11/23/06)
2006        Nov 23, The UN nuclear agency decided to deny Iran technical help in building a plutonium-producing reactor, but left room for Tehran to eventually renew its request. The IAEA said Iran has agreed to crack open the books on its uranium enrichment activities, a move that could give experts a better grasp of a program the Security Council fears could be misused to produce atomic bombs.
    (AP, 11/23/06)(AP, 11/24/06)
2006        Nov 23, In the deadliest attack since the beginning of the Iraq war, suspected Sunni-Arab militants used suicide car bombs and mortar rounds on the capital's Shiite Sadr City slum killing 215 people with 256 wounded.
    (AFP, 11/24/06)(AP, 11/23/07)
2006        Nov 23, Israeli troops went after Palestinian militants in Gaza as rockets slammed into southern Israel, but a planned meeting between a Hamas leader and Egyptian mediators raised hopes the violence could be contained. A 64-year-old Palestinian grandmother blew herself up near Israeli troops sweeping through northern Gaza, and eight other Palestinians were killed in a day of clashes and rocket fire.
    (AP, 11/23/06)
2006        Nov 23, Japan decided to temporarily suspend South Korean poultry imports due to a suspected bird flu outbreak that has killed around 6,000 chickens.
    (AP, 11/23/06)
2006        Nov 23, In Lebanon allies of Pierre Gemayel, a slain Christian government minister, turned his funeral into a powerful demonstration of anger against Syria as some 800,000 jammed downtown Beirut to pay their respects.
    (AP, 11/23/06)
2006        Nov 23, In Mexico Police chief Baltazar Gomez and Osvaldo Rodriguez, both of the Monterrey suburb of Santa Catarina, were killed just after midnight by a gunman who followed them inside a convenience store where they had gone after attending a funeral. Crusading journalist Jesus Blancornelas, who relentlessly investigated drug cartels and government corruption despite an attempt on his life and the killing of colleagues, died of a chronic illness in Tijuana.
    (AP, 11/23/06)
2006        Nov 23, Pakistan's Senate approved a controversial bill to help rape victims, despite vehement protests by hard-line Muslim lawmakers who claim the legislation violates Islamic law. The bill is now set to go before President Gen. Pervez Musharraf, who is expected to sign it.
    (AP, 11/23/06)
2006        Nov 23, An environmental activist alleged that highly toxic chemicals had accidentally spilled from weapons being reprocessed at the Maradykovsky reprocessing plant, 450 miles northeast of Moscow. The plant is a focal point of the push to meet an April 2007 target set by the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons for Russia to destroy 20 percent of its stockpile.
    (AP, 11/23/06)
2006        Nov 23, Thousands of Rwandans took to the streets of Kigali to denounce France's alleged complicity in the 1994 genocide and a French judge's call for the prosecution of President Paul Kagame.
    (AP, 11/23/06)
2006        Nov 23, Somalia's Islamic militia invited US government leaders to visit the capital, Mogadishu, the city where 18 U.S. troops on a peacekeeping mission to the East African nation were killed in 1993.
    (AP, 11/24/06)
2006        Nov 23, The Sri Lankan military killed at least 19 insurgents in a fierce battle with Tamil Tiger rebels in the restive east. The separatist Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, however, said only one of their fighters died, and claimed to have killed seven government commandoes.
    (AP, 11/24/06)
2006        Nov 23, In Sudan 6 policemen were killed and 7 wounded in an attack by unidentified rebels on a police camp in South Darfur state.
    (AFP, 11/24/06)
2006        Nov 23, Farai Chiweshe, deputy director for the Southern African Human Rights Trust (SAHRIT), a leading Zimbabwean rights group, slammed President Robert Mugabe's government for failing to ratify a United Nations convention against torture and condoning its use by state agents.
    (AFP, 11/23/06)

2006        Nov 24, The US Dept. of Agriculture declared LL601, an experimental variety of genetically engineered rice, to be safe for human consumption. Bayer Crop-Science designed it to resist Bayer’s Liberty weed killer. It escaped from test plots after the company dropped the project in 2001.
    (SFC, 11/25/06, p.A3)
2006        Nov 24, In Chicago a gunman who took his neighbor hostage for 23 hours over Thanksgiving ended the standoff by killing the woman and himself.
    (AP, 11/24/06)
2006        Nov 24, In California Richmond police officer Kaliah Ashante Harper was shot and killed by her former boyfriend, Quartus Lee Hinton (28), during a funeral ceremony in Fairfield. Hinton was arrested the next day. In 2008 Hinton was convicted of voluntary manslaughter and sentenced to 38 years in prison.
    (SSFC, 11/26/06, p.B1)(SFC, 7/16/08, p.B6)(SFC, 11/1/08, p.B3)
2006        Nov 24, Robert McFerrin Sr. (b.1921), opera singer and the father of Grammy-winning conductor-vocalist Bobby McFerrin, died in suburban St. Louis at age 85. He was the first black man to sing as a member of the NY Metropolitan Opera (1955).
    (SFC, 11/30/06, p.B7)(AP, 11/24/07)
2006        Nov 24, In Afghanistan US-led coalition troops clashed with Taliban insurgents killing seven of the militants.
    (Reuters, 11/24/06)
2006        Nov 24, Authorities cut off broadcasts from Azerbaijan's first independent TV station and ordered the eviction of opposition newspapers and organizations from their offices in the capital, moves government opponents called part of a campaign to silence dissent.
    (AP, 11/24/06)
2006        Nov 24, Canadian police found 22 apartments in a 13-story Toronto building rigged up to grow marijuana with a value of $5 million.
    (WSJ, 11/25/06, p.A1)
2006        Nov 24, Chadian rebels rolled into the east of the country in their second offensive within a month against President Idriss Deby Itno. Chad extended a state of emergency for six months in the country's eastern provinces, where ethnic clashes have killed as many as 400 people and raised fears that Sudan's Darfur conflict is spilling across the border.
    (AP, 11/24/06)
2006        Nov 24, In southern Chile a twin-engine plane crashed, killing the Chilean pilot and five Brazilian tourists.
    (AP, 11/24/06)
2006        Nov 24, China signed a five-year free trade pact with Pakistan, promised to continue joint development of nuclear energy, and pledged to play a "constructive" role in resolving disputes between Pakistan and neighboring rival India.
    (AP, 11/24/06)
2006        Nov 24, France said it will give Tanzania 46 million euros (60 million dollars) to fund development projects in the east African nation over the next five years.
    (AFP, 11/24/06)
2006        Nov 24, Shiite militiamen grabbed six Sunnis during worship services, doused them with kerosene and burned them alive. Iraqi soldiers at a nearby army post failed to intervene in the assault by suspected members of the Shiite Mahdi Army militia or subsequent attacks that killed a total of 25 Sunnis, including women and children. Another 87 people were killed or found dead in sectarian violence across Iraq. A US Marine died from wounds sustained while fighting in Anbar province.
    (AP, 11/24/06)(AP, 11/25/06)
2006        Nov 24, In Lebanon factories, banks and schools closed on orders from business leaders, who demanded a resolution to the political crisis before it spirals into wider violence. A cluster bomb left over from Israel's war against Hezbollah in southern Lebanon wounded two members of an international team of land mine-clearing experts.
    (AP, 11/24/06)(AP, 11/25/06)
2006        Nov 24, In Lesotho Samuella Jacobina Verwey (36), a Dutch aid worker with the Clinton Foundation, was shot to death at the house of Mpho Malie, Lesotho's trade and industry minister. Malie is seen as a major contender for the leadership of the ruling Lesotho Congress for Democracy after the current leader, PM Pakalitha Mosisili, quits.
    (AP, 11/25/06)
2006        Nov 24, Michael Stone (51), a Protestant extremist, triggered a panicked evacuation of the Northern Ireland Assembly. He was charged the next day with attempting to murder 4 people. In 2008 Stone was found guilty of trying to murder Sinn Fein leaders Gerry Adams and Martin McGuinness at the Northern Ireland Assembly. He was sentenced to 16 years in prison.
    (AP, 11/25/06)(AP, 11/14/08)(AFP, 12/8/08)
2006        Nov 24, Police said Pakistan has handed over 240 suspected Taliban fighters to Afghan authorities this week as a hunt for the Islamist militants continues in the country's southwest.
    (Reuters, 11/24/06)
2006        Nov 24, PM Ismail Haniyeh of Hamas said that Palestinian factions had agreed to halt rocket fire if Israel reciprocates by stopping its military offensives in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. Israel rejected the offer, saying it would respond positively only to a total truce.
    (AP, 11/24/06)
2006        Nov 24, Panama’s government said heavy rains and flooding have left at least eight people dead and damaged hundreds of homes.
    (AP, 11/24/06)
2006        Nov 24, A Defense Ministry official said Russia has begun delivery of Tor-M1 air defense missile systems to Iran, confirming that Moscow would proceed with arms deals with Tehran in spite of Western criticism.
    (AP, 11/24/06)
2006        Nov 24, Rwanda cut diplomatic ties with France and gave France's ambassador to Rwanda 24 hours to leave the central African country. This was in response to a French judge’s call for President Paul Kagame to stand trial over the 1994 killing of a former leader, sparking the genocide of 800,000 people.
    (Reuters, 11/24/06)
2006        Nov 24, Taiwan's president won a reprieve when opposition lawmakers failed for the third time to muster enough support for a referendum on removing him from office.
    (AP, 11/24/06)
2006        Nov 24, In Thailand attackers shot a school principal, and then set his body on fire. The principal became the 59th teacher or school official killed in three years of violence.
    (AP, 11/25/06)
2006        Nov 24, The UN said its investigators have discovered three mass graves at a northeast Congo military camp containing the bodies of 30 people, including women and children, who were allegedly killed by soldiers.
    (AP, 11/24/06)
2006        Nov 24, A UN anti-torture panel said it had credible reports of unofficial detention centers, abuse and disappearances in Russia's restive southern province of Chechnya.
    (AP, 11/24/06)
2006        Nov 24, Fishing nations led by Iceland and Russia blocked UN negotiators from imposing a full-fledged ban against destructive bottom trawling on the high seas. After weeks of talks in New York, a United Nations committee that oversees high seas fisheries failed to gain unanimous support this week for ending unregulated bottom trawling.
    (AP, 11/24/06)

2006        Nov 25, James Wolfensohn, former World Bank chief, warned that Western nations must prepare for a future dominated by China and India, whose rapid economic rise will soon fundamentally alter the balance of power. He spoke at the University of New South Wales for the 2006 Wallace Wurth Memorial Lecture.
    (AFP, 11/26/06)
2006        Nov 25, In NYC Sean Bell (23) and two other unarmed men in a car were killed hours before Bell was to have married the mother of his two children. The confrontation with police stemmed from an undercover operation by 7 officers investigating the Kalua Cabaret in Queens. Two officers were later indicted for manslaughter, and a third was charged with reckless endangerment; all pleaded not guilty. In 2008 three NYPD detectives were acquitted of all charges in the case.
    (AP, 11/27/06)(AP, 11/25/07)(AP, 4/25/08)
2006        Nov 25, Insurgents attacked NATO-led forces Saturday near the Tirin Kot district of Uruzgan province. NATO returned fire and called in attack aircraft, killing approximately 50 insurgents.
    (http://tinyurl.com/yfs28z)(WSJ, 11/27/06, p.A1)
2006        Nov 25, In Argentina Nora Dalmasso (51) was strangled in her Buenos Aires suburban home. In 2007 her son, Facundo Macarron (20), was charged with her murder and aggravated sexual abuse.
    (SSFC, 6/17/07, p.A16)
2006        Nov 25, Bahrain, an island nation of 700,000 citizens, held elections. More than 200 candidates vied for the National Assembly's 40-seat lower house. 40 members of the upper chamber are appointed by King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa, who can veto parliamentary legislation. Shiites and opposition members say the system preserves Sunni dominance.
    (AP, 11/25/06)
2006        Nov 25, Health workers began a drive across Bangladesh to immunize 24 million children under five against polio to combat the crippling virus that has staged a comeback in the South Asian nation.
    (AFP, 11/25/06)
2006        Nov 25, A group of 18 English tourists was robbed by heavily armed gunmen shortly after arriving in Rio de Janeiro for vacation. Last month, gunmen attacked a bus carrying Chinese tourists and robbed them of $17,000.
    (AP, 11/26/06)
2006        Nov 25, In eastern Chad fighting broke out between the national army and rebels, and rebels claimed they had seized the major city in the area.
    (AP, 11/25/06)
2006        Nov 25, Congo’s government and the UN said fighters loyal to warlord Laurent Nkunda attacked army positions in eastern Congo with small arms and heavy weapons. Nkunda controlled thousands of fighters and claimed the loyalty of the 81st and 83rd army brigades, the troops involved in the most recent clashes.
    (AP, 11/25/06)
2006        Nov 25, A third batch of Indonesians left to join a UN peacekeeping force in Lebanon, bringing the Asian nation's Middle East deployment to more than 830 troops.
    (AP, 11/25/06)
2006        Nov 25, Gunmen broke into two Shiite homes and killed 21 men in front of their relatives in Baladruz. Coalition forces north of Baghdad attacked 3 vehicles carrying 12 insurgents. Soldiers opened fire on the cars when they ignored warning shots, and all the militants were killed. 13 bodies were found dumped in various parts of Baghdad. Iraqi police killed at least 36 insurgents and wounded dozens after scores of militants armed with assault rifles and rocket-propelled grenades attacked government buildings in the center of Baqouba. At least 11 more suspected militants were killed in Baqouba after nightfall. One US soldier was killed in Diyala by a roadside bomb. 2 US Marines were killed in Anbar province.
    (AP, 11/25/06)(AP, 11/26/06)(SSFC, 11/26/06, p.A13)
2006        Nov 25, Israel and the Palestinians agreed to a cease-fire to end a five-month Israeli military offensive in the Gaza Strip and the firing of rockets by Palestinian militants into the Jewish state. Hamas' leader, Damascus-based supreme leader Khaled Mashaal, said his group was willing to give peace negotiations with Israel six months to reach an agreement for a Palestinian state in Gaza and the West Bank, but threatened a new uprising if the talks fail.
    (AP, 11/25/06) (AP, 11/25/07)
2006        Nov 25, Hezbollah renewed its threat to stage mass protests aimed at bringing down Lebanon's US-backed government as the Cabinet scheduled meeting to vote on an international tribunal to try suspects in the killing of a former prime minister.
    (AP, 11/25/06)
2006        Nov 25, In Mexico singer Valentin Elizalde (27) was ambushed and gunned down along with his manager and driver following a performance in Reynosa. His ballads included narco-corridos, which honored the exploits of drug dealers.
    (SSFC, 11/26/06, p.A19)
2006        Nov 25, In the southern Philippines the Leonida II, a small ferry, capsized in rough waters, leaving 19 passengers missing while 66 people were rescued.
    (AP, 11/26/06)
2006        Nov 25, US Vice President Dick Cheney arrived in Saudi Arabia for talks with King Abdullah, apparently seeking the Sunni royal family's influence and tribal connections to calm Iraq after an especially violent week..
    (AP, 11/25/06)
2006        Nov 25, Sri Lankan warplanes attacked a camp housing Tamil Tiger rebel suicide bombers in the country's north.
    (AP, 11/25/06)
2006        Nov 25, In Thailand a regional representative for teachers said more than 300 schools in the south will close indefinitely Nov 27, after attacks by suspected Muslim insurgents left two teachers dead.
    (AP, 11/25/06)
2006        Nov 25, A UN agency said that Israel laid mines in Lebanon during this summer's war between the Jewish state and the Lebanon-based Hezbollah group, the first time Israel has been accused of planting mines during the latest fighting.
    (AP, 11/25/06)

2006        Nov 26, In New York City an angry crowd demanded to know why police officers killed Sean Bell, an unarmed man, on the day of his wedding by firing dozens of shots that also wounded two of Bell's friends.
    (AP, 11/26/07)
2006        Nov 26, David Hermance (59), a US engineer for Toyota, was killed when his experimental plane, a Interavia E-3, crashed off San Pedro near Los Angeles, Ca. Hermance’s job had been to take technology developed in Japan, as in the Prius hybrid, and bring it to the US.
    (SFC, 11/27/06, p.A5)
2006        Nov 26, Stephen Heywood (37), co-founder with his family of the ALS Therapy Development Foundation, died of amyotrophic lateral schlerosis.
    (WSJ, 12/9/06, p.A5)
2006        Nov 26, In southeastern Afghanistan a suicide bomber blew himself up at a restaurant, killing 15 people and wounding 24, including an Afghan special forces commander and a district chief who were apparently targeted for the attack.
    (AP, 11/26/06)
2006        Nov 26, In Bahrain preliminary results showed Islamist candidates victorious in parliamentary elections, splitting the vote between hardline Shiite and Sunni Muslims while female and liberal candidates fared poorly in the US-allied kingdom.
    (AP, 11/26/06)
2006        Nov 26, In eastern Chad government forces entered Abeche, one day after rebels launched an attack and claimed to have seized the town.
    (AP, 11/26/06)
2006        Nov 26, In China construction of the $3.7 billion Xiangjiaba project formally began. Completion was set for 2015. The 6-gigawatt project Xiangjiaba dam on the upper reaches of the Yangtze River and the nearby 12.6-gigawatt Xiluodu dam together are expected to match or exceed the capacity of the Three Gorges dam. An explosion triggered by a gas buildup in a coal mine in northern China killed 24 miners at the Luweitan Coal Mine in Linfen, Shanxi province.
    (AP, 11/27/06)
2006        Nov 26, Abu Khavs, a Jordanian who commanded foreign mercenaries in Chechnya and was reportedly al-Qaida's top emissary in the troubled North Caucasus, died along with 4 other militants in a shootout with police in Dagestan.
    (AP, 11/26/06)
2006        Nov 26, Ecuador held presidential elections. Rafael Correa (43), a US-trained economist who has pledged radical reforms to clean up corruption, faced Alvaro Noboa (56), a billionaire and Ecuador's wealthiest man. Ecuador is an oil-exporting country, but three-quarters of its 13.4 million inhabitants live in poverty.
    (AP, 11/26/06)
2006        Nov 26, Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad said he would help the US calm Iraq if Washington changes what he described as its "bullying" policy toward Iran.
    (AP, 11/26/06)
2006        Nov 26, Iraq's leaders promised to track down those responsible for the war's deadliest attack by insurgents, and urged the country's Shiite, Sunni and Kurdish politicians to stop fanning sectarian violence by arguing with one another. A suicide car bomber slammed into an Iraqi police checkpoint on a highway near a Sunni mosque in Mahmoudiya city, killing five policemen and wounding 23. In Baquoba at least 17 insurgents were killed and 15 detained. 20 civilians were kidnapped and three bodies found in Diyala province. US soldiers shot and killed 11 civilians and wounded five in Husseiniya. 3 US soldiers were killed and two wounded during combat operations in Baghdad. The New York Times reported that the Iraq insurgency has become financially self-sustaining, raising tens of millions of dollars a year from oil smuggling, kidnapping, counterfeiting, corrupt charities and other crimes.
    (AP, 11/26/06)(Reuters, 11/26/06)(AP, 11/27/06)
2006        Nov 26, Israeli troops withdrew from the Gaza Strip as an unexpected truce took hold, but two major Palestinian militant groups, saying they had no intention of stopping their attacks, fired volleys of homemade rockets into Israel.
    (AP, 11/26/06)
2006        Nov 26, In Mexico bands of youths rampaged through downtown Oaxaca, torching buildings and cars hours after federal police used tear gas to drive off a violent mob of leftists in the latest spasm of protests against the state governor. 30 to 40 armed men entered the La Barranca hunting ranch near the US border and kidnapped five men including 3 Texans. Librado Pina Jr. (49), owns the popular deer-hunting ranch near Hidalgo, was released on Dec 18. His son and 2 others had been released earlier. There was no word on the ranch's Mexican cook, Marco Ortiz.
    (AP, 11/26/06)(AP, 11/29/06)(AP, 12/18/06)
2006        Nov 26, Raul Velasco (73), who hosted one of Mexico's most popular and enduring television programs, "Siempre en Domingo," died at his home in Acapulco.
    (AP, 11/26/06)
2006        Nov 26, In eastern Pakistan a passenger van veered off the road and plunged into a canal, killing 10 people.
    (AP, 11/26/06)
2006        Nov 26, Paraguay's Pres. Nicanor Duarte unexpectedly fired the armed forces chief and 58 military and police officers, calling it a routine reshuffling of the military high command and dismissing suggestions it was politically motivated.
    (AP, 11/26/06)
2006        Nov 26, Mestnye (meaning Locals), a pro-government youth group raided outdoor markets in the Moscow region to help authorities find illegal migrants. Police detained several dozen people after fighting broke out.
    (AP, 11/27/06)
2006        Nov 26, South Korean quarantine officials began slaughtering more than 200,000 poultry after an outbreak of the virulent H5N1 form of bird flu at a chicken farm.
    (AP, 11/26/06)
2006        Nov 26, In Sudan the National Redemption Front said its fighters had seized the Abu Jabra oil field on the edge of South Darfur and Southern Kordofan. Sudanese military said its forces had repelled the attack and were in full control of the field.
    (AP, 11/27/06)
2006        Nov 26, More than 20,000 Muslims in Istanbul held the biggest protest so far against Pope Benedict's controversial visit to Turkey this week.
    (AP, 11/26/06)

2006        Nov 27, Pres. Bush flew to Estonia on his way to a NATO meeting centered on Afghanistan in Riga, Latvia.
    (WSJ, 11/28/06, p.A1)
2006        Nov 27, OECD Secretary General Angel Gurria said excessive weakening of the US dollar could lead to interest rate hikes in the US, Europe and Japan and hurt global economic growth.
    (AP, 11/27/06)
2006        Nov 27, California authorities announced the arrests of 2 men involved with the theft of almonds and walnuts in the Central Valley. About $400,000 of stolen nuts were recovered, part of an estimated $2 million stolen over the past year.
    (SFC, 11/28/06, p.B1)
2006        Nov 27, In southwest Joplin, Missouri, an early morning fire at the Anderson Guest House group home for the mentally disabled killed 10 residents and a caretaker and sent at least a dozen more to a hospital. In 2011 a judge concluded that the blaze was preventable.
    (AP, 11/27/07)(SFC, 1/19/11, p.A5)
2006        Nov 27, Bebe Moore Campbell (56), novelist, died of cancer in Los Angeles. Her novels centered on race relations and included “Your Blues Ain’t Like Mine" (1992), which was rooted in the (1955) murder of Emmett Till.
    (SFC, 11/28/06, p.B7)
2006        Nov 27, In southern Afghanistan a suicide car bomber attacked a convoy of foreign troops, killing two Canadian soldiers and an Afghan civilian.
    (AP, 11/27/06)
2006        Nov 27, An official inquiry into the corruption that riddled the UN oil-for-food program in Iraq cleared the Australian government but cited 12 top executives for bribing Saddam Hussein's regime.
    (AFP, 11/27/06)
2006        Nov 27, Britain’s PM Tony Blair condemned the African slave trade and expressed deep sorrow for Britain's role, but stopped short of offering an apology or compensation for the descendants of those victimized by it.
    (AP, 11/27/06)
2006        Nov 27, Congo’s supreme court upheld President Joseph Kabila's victory in landmark elections, ruling as unfounded the runner-up's charges of widespread fraud.
    (AP, 11/28/06)
2006        Nov 27, In the Dominican Rep. fire struck a strip club after it closed in the early morning, killing 9 employees who lived on the floor above the establishment, including several dancers.
    (AP, 11/27/06)
2006        Nov 27, In Ecuador partial returns showed Rafael Correa with as many as twice the votes recorded as for his banana tycoon rival, who claimed the polls were rigged.
    (AP, 11/27/06)
2006        Nov 27, French developers have selected a design by Pritzker Prize winner Thom Mayne, an award-winning American architect, for a bold new building in Paris nearly as tall as the Eiffel Tower, and powered partly by the wind. Completion was set for 2012.
    (AP, 11/28/06)
2006        Nov 27, In Paris Eurotunnel, operator of the Channel tunnel, was rescued from looming bankruptcy when key creditors approved a plan to slash debt exceeding 9.0 billion euros (11.9 billion dollars).
    (AP, 11/27/06)
2006        Nov 27, India carried out its first successful test interception of a ballistic missile, using a second missile to destroy the incoming rocket.
    (AP, 11/27/06)
2006        Nov 27, In Iran a Russian-designed antonov-74 crashed in Tehran, killing 38 people. They included members of the elite Revolutionary Guards and high-ranking officers. This was Iran’s third military air plane crash in the last year.
    (AP, 11/27/06)(SFC, 11/27/06, p.A3)
2006        Nov 27, Iraqi President Jalal Talabani arrived in Tehran to meet with his Iranian counterpart amid increasing calls for Washington to enlist Iran's help in calming the escalating violence in neighboring Iraq. In Baghdad gunmen opened fire on a crowded street, killing six Iraqis and wounding three, some of whom were sitting in a parked car. Police in western Baghdad found the bodies of two Iraqis who had been kidnapped, blindfolded and shot. A bomb exploded under an oil pipeline and set it on fire south of Baghdad. A US Air Force F-16 jet crashed northwest of Baghdad and Maj. Troy Gilbert was killed.
    (AP, 11/27/06)(SFC, 11/30/06, p.A12)
2006        Nov 27, Israeli PM Ehud Olmert, seeking to build on a shaky cease-fire with the Palestinians, offered to reduce checkpoints, release frozen funds, and free prisoners in exchange for a serious push for peace by the Palestinians.
    (AP, 11/27/06)
2006        Nov 27, Italian Premier Romano Prodi said the last of Italy's soldiers in Iraq, some 60-70 troops, will return home this week, ending the Italian contingent's presence in the south of the country after more than three years.
    (AP, 11/27/06)
2006        Nov 27, A UN food agency said Lebanon's agriculture sector suffered about $280 million in damage during this summer's conflict between Israel and Hezbollah.
    (AP, 11/27/06)
2006        Nov 27, A three-story bank under construction collapsed in the main Nigerian city of Lagos, and two people were unaccounted for and believed trapped inside the rubble.
    (AP, 11/28/06)
2006        Nov 27, The first privately owned English-language daily, the Palestine Times, was launched in the West Bank and Gaza, with its editors aiming to provide news about the region to English speakers abroad.
    (AP, 11/27/06)
2006        Nov 27, In Russia Ruslan Fedosenko and Sergei Kocherov, who had worked for Moscow's Perovsky district prosecutor's office, were convicted of corruption and sentenced to four-year prison terms.
    (AP, 11/27/06)
2006        Nov 27, Officials said South Korea planned to kill cats and dogs in the area of Iksan to try to prevent the spread of bird flu after an outbreak of the deadly H5N1 virus at a chicken farm last week.
    (AP, 11/27/06)
2006        Nov 27, In Sudan fighting began in the southern town of Malakal and escalated into full trench warfare between the northern Sudanese Armed Forces and the SPLA. Hundreds of people may have been killed in the heaviest fighting between Sudan's former north-south foes since they signed a peace deal last year.
    (Reuters, 11/30/06)
2006        Nov 27, Authorities of Western Sahara recovered the bodies of three children which washed up at a beach, bringing to 13 the number of migrant children who drowned when their small boat sank in the Atlantic.
    (Reuters, 11/28/06)

2006        Nov 28, President Bush, in Latvia to attend a NATO summit, said he will not be persuaded by any calls to withdraw American troops from Iraq before the country is stabilized. Bush also enlisted renewed commitments from the NATO allies that have deployed 32,000 troops to Afghanistan.
    (AP, 11/28/06)
2006        Nov 28, A US federal judge said the government discriminates against blind people by printing money in bills that all feel the same, and ordered the Treasury Dept. to fix the problem.
    (SFC, 11/29/06, p.A2)
2006        Nov 28, In SF Genevieve Paez (53) was shot execution style outside her home in Visitacion Valley. She worked as a customer service supervisor for the US Postal Service. The next day Julius Kevin Tartt (39), a South San Francisco letter carrier, was found dead in Livermore from a self-inflicted gun shot. It was suspected that Tartt killed Paez.
    (SFC, 11/29/06, p.B1)(SFC, 12/2/06, p.B1)
2006        Nov 28, The intergovernmental Group on Earth Observations unveiled GEONETCAST, a one-stop-shop for environmental data.
    (http://ec.europa.eu/research/press/2006/pr2111en.cfm)(Econ, 12/2/06, p.83)
2006        Nov 28, In Afghanistan scores of militants alleged to be with Al-Qaeda stormed a checkpoint on the eastern border with Pakistan, sparking an hour-long battle that left at least two rebels dead. Suicide car bombs struck in Kandahar and Herat, killing a policeman and wounding a NATO soldier. A new UN report said Afghanistan's criminal underworld has compromised key government officials who protect drug traffickers, allowing a flourishing opium trade that will not be stamped out for a generation.
    (AP, 11/28/06)
2006        Nov 28, Ten suspected Islamist militants were killed in clashes with the Algerian army, which was conducting sweeps in remote mountainous regions.
    (AP, 11/30/06)
2006        Nov 28, A protest against Argentina's former military dictatorship turned into a clash in Buenos Aires between police with tear gas and rubber bullets and demonstrators with Molotov cocktails.
    (AP, 11/29/06)
2006        Nov 28, In Bangladesh unidentified attackers set three election offices on fire in Munshiganj, Barisal and Khulna. Thousands of protesters gathered in Dhaka to demand the resignation of electoral officials ahead of January balloting.
    (AP, 11/29/06)
2006        Nov 28, Belarus hosted a summit of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). The participants fail to agree on any significant multilateral initiative and the summit itself was sullied by a media scandal.
    (www.isn.ethz.ch/news/sw/details.cfm?ID=16984)
2006        Nov 28, Bolivia's leftist president won passage of an ambitious land redistribution bill and signed it into law to the cheers of impoverished Indian supporters, who stand to benefit from what eventually could be the confiscation of private holdings the size of Nebraska. In the same session Bolivia's Senate approved nationalization contracts with foreign oil companies.
    (AP, 11/29/06)
2006        Nov 28, Britain’s Scottish Power PLC said it has agreed to a $22.5 billion buyout offer from the Spanish utility Iberdrola SA that would create one of Europe's biggest utilities.
    (AP, 11/28/06)
2006        Nov 28, Canada’s Parliament formally recognized the French-speaking people of Quebec as a nation within Canada, a seemingly symbolic gesture that has led to a Cabinet resignation and ignited concerns over a renewed push for the province's sovereignty.
    (AP, 11/28/06)
2006        Nov 28, Government soldiers in the Central African Republic were on the offensive, with French military support, to seize back towns captured by rebels who have steadily advanced from border territory.
    (AP, 11/28/06)
2006        Nov 28, A Chadian military reconnaissance plane was shot down in eastern Chad in an attack likely carried out by rebels.
    (AP, 11/28/06)
2006        Nov 28, Beijing’s environmental protection agency reported that water from the Guanting reservoir, Beijing's fourth-largest drinking source, was not fit for human consumption or irrigation during the month of October.
    (AFP, 11/29/06)
2006        Nov 28, Ethiopia’s PM Meles Zenawi met with Jim Donald, the CEO of Starbucks, but no deal was reached on branding local coffee. Ethiopia ranked 97th in the World Bank’s latest “ease of doing business" index. Transparency Int’l. ranked it 130th on its corruption-perceptions index.
    (Econ, 12/2/06, p.67)
2006        Nov 28, The Iraqi Parliament voted unanimously to extend Iraq's state of emergency for 30 more days, and suspected Sunni insurgents set off bombs that killed eight people and wounded 40 across the country. The UN Security Council voted unanimously to extend for one year the mandate of the 160,000-strong multinational force in Iraq. US soldiers fought with suspected insurgents in Ramadi, the capital of Anbar province, killing six Iraqis: one man and five females, including an infant. A roadside bomb killed one US Army soldier and wounded another in Salahuddin province.
    (AP, 11/28/06)(AP, 11/29/06)
2006        Nov 28, Jordan's King Abdullah II called for renewed efforts to settle the Israeli-Palestinian conflict in a speech, but he warned that his country would not accept a deal that causes an influx of Palestinians.
    (AP, 11/28/06)
2006        Nov 28, Kosovo Albanians fought UN police in a protest of a delay on a vote for independence until after Serbian elections Jan 21.
    (WSJ, 11/29/06, p.A1)
2006        Nov 28, Malaysia's PM Abdullah Ahmad Badawi said ties between Muslims and Christians are under "extreme stress" and the growing divide between the faiths is threatening international stability.
    (AP, 11/28/06)
2006        Nov 28, In Mexico gunmen attacked a police car in the border city of Tijuana, killing Gerardo Santiago Prado, the police chief of Mesa de Otay, his bodyguard and a secretary.
    (AP, 11/30/06)
2006        Nov 28, A Nigerian court voided a report of the country's anti-graft agency which indicted Vice President Atiku Abubakar and a business associate of corruption. Amnesty International said Nigerian police and soldiers are using rape to intimidate restive communities and "as means of torture to extract confessions from suspects in custody."
    (AP, 11/28/06)(AFP, 11/29/06)
2006        Nov 28, North Korea's nuclear envoy sat down with top negotiators for the US and China, an unannounced meeting aimed at reactivating stalled six-nation talks on persuading North Korea to abandon nuclear weapons.
    (AP, 11/28/06)
2006        Nov 28, Noxious fumes from chemical waste dumped into a Philippine creek forced thousands to flee their homes and sickened dozens. Men told police they had loaded chemical waste from a plastic factory and dumped the cargo in Marilao, 15 miles north of Manila.
    (AP, 11/28/06)
2006        Nov 28, Russia’s Pres. Putin said the ban on Moldovan wine and meat products would be lifted, a move that appeared to be aimed at easing Moscow's entry into the WTO. Putin also said Russia and Moldova would resume a dialogue aimed at resolving Moldova's conflict with Trans-Dniester.
    (AP, 11/28/06)
2006        Nov 28, The South Korean government approved a plan to halve the size of its troop deployment in Iraq but to extend the mission for another year.
    (AFP, 11/28/06)
2006        Nov 28, A Syrian leader of an Islamic militant group blew himself up at a border post with Lebanon after a gunbattle with Syrian security forces.
    (AP, 11/28/06)
2006        Nov 28, Thailand's military-installed government agreed to lift martial law in Bangkok and in more than half of the country's provinces.
    (AP, 11/28/06)
2006        Nov 28, The Ukraine Parliament adopted a bill recognizing the Soviet-era forced famine as an act of genocide against the Ukrainian people.
    (AP, 11/28/06)
2006        Nov 28, Pope Benedict XVI began his first visit to a Muslim country with a message of dialogue and brotherhood between Christians and Muslims in an attempt to ease anger over his perceived criticism of Islam. In Turkey Benedict urged all religious leaders to "utterly refuse" to support any violence in the name of faith.
    (AP, 11/28/06)(AP, 11/28/07)

2006        Nov 29, Commerce Secretary Carlos Gutierrez said the US is banning exports of luxury items to North Korea, arguing that the Stalinist state's ruling elite is "splurging" while its population suffers. According to reports, the list of items specifically targeting North Korea's bon vivant leader Kim Jong-Il includes iPods, jet skis and plasma televisions.
    (AFP, 11/30/06)
2006        Nov 29, A US federal judge ordered FEMA to resume housing payments to Katrina victims.
    (WSJ, 11/30/06, p.A1)
2006        Nov 29, Still losing money after job and factory cuts, Ford Motor Co. said 38,000 workers, almost half of its hourly production force, had accepted buyouts or early retirement offers.
    (AP, 11/29/07)
2006        Nov 29, Allen Carr (b.1934), English promoter of anti-smoking campaigns, died of lung cancer. He stopped smoking in 1983 and opened a clinic to help others quit using his Easyway method. He later authored “The Easy Way to Stop Smoking" (1985).
    (Econ, 12/9/06, p.93)
2006        Nov 29, In southern Afghanistan a suicide bomber on a motorcycle blew himself up next to a NATO convoy, killing two civilians.
    (AP, 11/29/06)
2006        Nov 29, The Texas-based China Aid Association said in a statement 3 leaders of the Three Grade Servant church had been put to death in northeast China's Heilongjiang province over the past week. It said another 12 members of the congregation had also been previously executed, bringing the total number to 15. The case involved accusations that the Three Grade Servant Church was involved in the murder of members of another Christian cult, the Eastern Lightning.
    (AP, 11/29/06)
2006        Nov 29, NATO leaders finished a two-day summit without agreement on some members' refusal to send troops into combat in Afghanistan's most dangerous regions. NATO vowed to give its troubled mission in Afghanistan the "forces, resources and flexibility needed" to tackle increasingly ferocious Taliban fighters. Leaders invited Serbia, Montenegro and Bosnia-Herzegovina to join a program considered a first step toward eventual membership, but urged Serbia and Bosnia to fully cooperate with the UN war crimes tribunal.
    (AP, 11/29/06)(AFP, 11/29/06)
2006        Nov 29, North Korean envoys left China after meeting with US negotiators with no agreement reached on a resumption of 6-nation nuclear talks.
    (WSJ, 11/30/06, p.A1)
2006        Nov 29, In India at least 3 people died and dozens were hurt as low-caste Hindus rioted in the western Indian state of Maharashtra over the vandalism of a statue of their late leader, B.R. Ambedkar.
    (AP, 11/30/06)
2006        Nov 29, Iran's President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad addressed a letter to the American people to be released at UN headquarters in New York. He urged the American people to demand the withdrawal of US troops from Iraq and reject what he called the Bush administration's "blind support" for Israel and its "illegal and immoral" actions in fighting terrorism.
    (AP, 11/29/06)
2006        Nov 29, Iraqi lawmakers and Cabinet ministers loyal to anti-American cleric Muqtada al-Sadr said they have carried out their threat to suspend participation in Parliament and the government to protest PM Nouri al-Maliki's summit with US Pres. George W. Bush in Jordan. The first of two high-profile meetings in Jordan between Bush and PM al-Maliki was abruptly canceled amid conflicting explanations. Bush met al-Maliki the next day. 13 insurgents and 15 citizens were killed in Iraq, including two females who were caught up in a coalition raid north of the capital. Iraqi forces found 28 bodies in what may be a mass grave south of the city of Baqouba. In Basra gunmen killed Nasir Gatami, the deputy of the local Sunni Endowment chapter, and three of his bodyguards in an attack on their two-car convoy. A US army soldier died from wounds suffered in Anbar province. A US soldier was killed during combat in Baghdad.
    (AP, 11/29/06)(AP, 11/30/06)(AP, 11/29/07)
2006        Nov 29, A Mexican court reinstated an arrest warrant for former President Luis Echeverria, just four months after a federal judge had dismissed the same charges of genocide in connection with a 1968 student massacre.
    (AP, 11/29/06)
2006        Nov 29, Fire struck a workshop at Russia's largest steel mill, killing six people, as firefighters' efforts were hampered by temperatures that fell to 17 degrees below zero.
    (AP, 11/29/06)
2006        Nov 29, The UN Security Council condemned a "significant increase" in the flow of weapons to and through Somalia in violation of a 1992 arms embargo and voted unanimously to keep monitoring weapons trafficking in the poor and lawless Horn of Africa nation.
    (AP, 11/30/06)

2006        Nov 30, Iowa Gov. Tom Vilsack (55) launched his campaign for the US presidency. He ended his bid Feb 23, 2007, due to what he called financial constraints.
    (SFC, 12/1/06, p.A6)(WSJ, 2/24/07, p.A1)
2006        Nov 30, The ABC TV soap opera All My Children depicted a character about to undergo a transition from man to woman.
    (SFC, 12/1/06, p.A1)
2006        Nov 30, Microsoft Corp. released Windows Vista for businesses. This was the 1st major upgrade to its operating system in 5 years. Release for retail customers was set for Jan 30.
    (SFC, 12/1/06, p.D1)
2006        Nov 30, Tens of thousands of Australians rallied against controversial industrial relations laws, temporarily bringing parts of the country's major cities to a halt. Critics said the laws passed 12 months ago strip power from unions and erode job security, wages and conditions.
    (AFP, 11/30/06)
2006        Nov 30, British authorities said traces of radiation have been found at a dozen sites in Britain and five jets were being investigated for possible contamination as authorities widened their investigation into the poisoning of a former Russian spy.
    (AP, 11/30/06)
2006        Nov 30, Cambodia's PM Hun Sen condemned attempts by Sri Lanka's Tamil Tiger rebels to push for a separate state, after talks in Phnom Penh with the island's premier.
    (AFP, 11/30/06)
2006        Nov 30, Central African Republic government soldiers regained control of Ouadda, the second town taken back from rebels, and pursued a counter-offensive northwards.
    (AFP, 12/1/06)
2006        Nov 30, In northeastern Colombia the Gabriel Galvis unit of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) attacked an army patrol, killing 17 soldiers and injuring four. An air force training helicopter crashed in central Colombia, killing all five aboard.
    (AP, 12/1/06)
2006        Nov 30, In Egypt a state security court sentenced three Islamic militants to death for their involvement in suicide attacks that killed 34 people at Sinai resorts in 2004.
    (AP, 11/30/06)
2006        Nov 30, Talks to avert a coup in Fiji were deemed "a failure" by the country's military commander, who issued a fresh threat that he will quickly move to replace the government if it doesn't meet his demands. Commodore Frank Bainimarama said that the government had not gone far enough and he set a next day deadline for its capitulation. Bainimarama wants the government to kill legislation that would grant pardons to conspirators in a 2000 coup, and quash two other bills that he says unfairly favor majority indigenous Fijians over the ethnic Indian minority.
    (AP, 11/30/06)
2006        Nov 30, Police in India filed charges against 28 suspects over the Mumbai train blasts in July that killed 185 people, and alleged the attacks were linked to Pakistan's spy agency and militant groups. India’s parliament tabled the Sachar report, which investigated the condition of India’s Muslims. The report showed Muslims to be stuck at the bottom of almost every economic or social heap.
    (AFP, 11/30/06)(Econ, 12/2/06, p.48)(Econ, 3/2/13, p.42)
2006        Nov 30, Indian troops shot dead four Islamic militants in revolt-hit Kashmir, including a commander (Ali Baba alias Abu Hufeza) believed to have been involved in last year's bombings in New Delhi.
    (AFP, 12/1/06)
2006        Nov 30, President Bush in Jordan said the US will speed a turnover of security responsibility to Iraqi forces but assured PM Nouri al-Maliki that Washington is not looking for a "graceful exit" from a war well into its fourth violent year. Today's meetings were supposed to be Bush's second set of strategy sessions in Amman. But the first meeting between Bush and al-Maliki, a day earlier along with Jordan's king, was scrubbed. PM Nouri al-Maliki called on lawmakers and Cabinet ministers loyal to an anti-American cleric to end their boycott of the government in response to his summit with President Bush. 47 people were killed across Iraq including 37 bodies found dumped in various regions. An American soldier was killed during combat in Baghdad.
    (AP, 11/30/06)(AP, 12/1/06)(SFC, 12/1/06, p.A15)
2006        Nov 30, Japan's lower house of parliament passed a bill to create a cabinet-level defense ministry for the first time since World War II.
    (AFP, 11/30/06)
2006        Nov 30, Mexican police found the bullet-ridden bodies of two men, including a missing journalist, just days after the body of another slain reporter was found in the area. Police discovered the body of reporter Adolfo Sanchez Guzman (32) near Ciudad Mendoza, 75 miles west of Veracruz, not far from where his car was found abandoned on Nov 28. Police on Dec 1 arrested Juan Carlos Palestino (30) and Julian Rosas Palestino (34) after witnesses said the two brothers had been looking for Martinez. The brothers had accused Martinez of stealing their truck.
    (AP, 12/1/06)(AP, 12/5/06)
2006        Nov 30, Human Rights Watch said Myanmar army attacks against a rebellious minority have forced thousands of civilians to flee their homes, with many trekking as far as the Thai border for food and shelter.
    (AP, 11/30/06)
2006        Nov 30, Amsterdam city officials said they are shutting down nearly a third of the 350 prostitution "windows" in the famed Red Light District as part of a crackdown on crime.
    (AP, 11/30/06)
2006        Nov 30, Nigeria opened the first ever summit of African and South American leaders. Participants called for greater control by the two continents over their vast reserves of raw materials. The inaugural gathering also set to tackle issues ranging from the conflict ravaging the Darfur region of Sudan to the boosting of inter-continental trade.
    (AFP, 11/30/06)
2006        Nov 30, Typhoon Durian, the 4th major typhoon to hit the Philippines in four months,  killed 198 people and left 260 others missing. The figures included 109 people who died in mudslides on the slopes of the Mayon volcano that also injured 130.
    (AP, 12/1/06)
2006        Nov 30, In Russia doctors treating former PM Yegor Gaidar, who fell ill in Ireland last week, said they believed he was poisoned.
    (AP, 11/30/06)
2006        Nov 30, The East African Community (EAC) said Rwanda and Burundi have been accepted as members, expanding the regional economic bloc to five nations. The EAC previously grouped Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania, which hoped to transform the region into a political federation.
    (AP, 11/30/06)
2006        Nov 30, In Somalia a car blast killed 9 people near the Somali government seat of Baidoa in an attack the administration blamed on Islamists backed by al Qaeda. An attack on Ethiopian troops left 20 dead.
    (AFP, 12/1/06)(WSJ, 12/1/06, p.A1)
2006        Nov 30, South Africa became the first country in Africa, and only the fifth in the world, to legalize same sex marriages.
    (AP, 11/30/06)
2006        Nov 30, Sudan's president rejected a proposal to send UN peacekeepers to Darfur to boost a beleaguered 7,000-member African Union force, crushing hopes for a quick solution to the violence spreading across central Africa.
    (AP, 11/30/06)
2006        Nov 30, Pope Benedict XVI visited Istanbul's famous Blue Mosque in a dramatic gesture of outreach to Muslims.
    (AP, 11/30/07)
2006        Nov 30, Zimbabwe's finance minister predicted marginal economic growth in the coming year and that the country's four-figure inflation rate would dip to 350% as he presented the budget for 2007.
    (AFP, 11/30/06)

2006        Nov, It was reported that millions of bees had begun disappearing across the US and Western Europe in what came to be called “colony collapse disorder." In 2007 beekeepers in Oregon said they had not observed any losses.
    (SFC, 4/14/07, p.B6)(Econ, 4/28/07, p.92)
2006        Nov, Cheryl Athene Miller (58) was arraigned in Ukiah, Ca., on 4 counts of murder following a claim by her brother that she had killed her 4 children between 1965 and 1970. She allegedly confessed to killing 2 daughters in Escondido (1965-1966), a son in Long Beach, and a daughter in Mendocino County (1970). In 2007 prosecutors dropped the charges for lack of evidence.
    (SFC, 6/23/07, p.B6)
2006        Nov, In Florida Abraham Shakespeare (b.1966) won $31 million in the state lottery. He took a $16.9 million lump sum and soon was befriended by Dorice Moore. In April, 2009, Shakespeare went missing. On Jan 28, 2010, his remains were found buried in Moore’s backyard and she was arrested as an accessory to murder.
    (SFC, 2/3/10, p.A8)(http://tinyurl.com/y9uzwe9)
2006        Nov, Thousands of tiny parasitic wasps were released in the Cayman Islands to combat an island-hopping insect that has destroyed crops throughout the Caribbean. Mealybugs have destroyed millions of dollars in crops and ornamental plants across the Caribbean since they were first reported in the Western Hemisphere, in Grenada in 1994. They reached the US Virgin Islands in 1997, and Puerto Rico a year later.
    (AP, 11/22/06)
2006        Nov, In China a painting by Liu Xiaodong, one of the so-called cynical realists, was auctioned in Beijing for $2.7 million, the highest price ever paid for a work by a contemporary Chinese artist.
    (Econ, 1/13/07, p.66)
2006        Nov, Zhou Zhengyi, a Shanghai business tycoon, was arrested amidst the corruption probe involving the city’s pension system. He had been released from prison in May, 2006, following a fraud and stock manipulation case in 2003.
    (WSJ, 12/11/06, p.B8)
2006        Nov, Klaus Jacobs, a German-born billionaire, announced that he would donate 200 million euros to the Int’l. University Bremen (IUB). This saved IUB, Germany’s only fully fledged private and int’l. university. Teaching at IUB began in 2001.
    (Econ, 12/16/06, p.51)
2006        Nov, In India consumer price inflation rose to almost 7% this year. Finance minister Palaniappan Chidambaram said the economy will continue to grow by more than 8% in the next few years.
    (Econ, 11/25/06, p.73)
2006        Nov, In Mexico credit card interest rates averaged over 30% despite efforts by Guillermo Ortiz, head of the Central Bank, to get banks to lower their costs. 80% of the country’s banking assets were foreign owned.
    (Econ, 11/25/06, p.76)
2006        Nov, Venezuela inaugurated its Venirauto car factory, a joint venture with Iran. The first 300 units were released on July 9, 2007.
    (Econ, 11/28/09, p.42)(www.venezuelanalysis.com/news/2491)

2006        Dec 1, US companies will need to keep track of all the e-mails, instant messages and other electronic documents generated by their employees thanks to new federal rules that go into effect today. The rules, approved by the Supreme Court in April, require companies and other entities involved in federal litigation to produce "electronically stored information" as part of the discovery process, when evidence is shared by both sides before a trial.
    (AP, 12/1/06)
2006        Dec 1, The largest Roman Catholic archdiocese in the US said it will pay $60 million to settle 45 sex abuse lawsuits, the largest payout yet by the Archdiocese of Los Angeles and among the biggest resulting from the molestation crisis that has plagued the church.
    (AP, 12/2/06)
2006        Dec 1, World AIDS Day was marked around the globe by somber religious services, boisterous demonstrations and warnings that far more needs to be done to treat and prevent the disease.
    (AP, 12/1/06)
2006        Dec 1, In Berkeley, Ca., protesters began sitting in trees near Memorial Stadium which US Berkeley officials planned to cut in order to build an athletic training center. The last 4 protesters came down on December 9, 2008.
    (SFC, 8/22/08, p.B1)(SFC, 9/10/08, p.A1)
2006        Dec 1, In Argentina a court declared former Iranian President Hashemi Rafsanjani and eight others fugitives from justice in Argentina, where they are wanted in connection with the 1994 bombing of a Jewish cultural center.
    (AP, 12/1/06)
2006        Dec 1, Opposition leaders led a work stoppage in four Bolivian state capitals to protest President Evo Morales' control of an assembly called to rewrite Bolivia's constitution.
    (AP, 12/1/06)
2006        Dec 1, British media reported that an Italian security expert, who met with a former KGB agent Alexander Litvinenko the day the ex-spy fell fatally ill with radiation poisoning, has also tested positive for the substance.
    (AP, 12/1/06)
2006        Dec 1, Amnesty International accused the government of Chad of failing to act as Janjaweed militia carry out increasing attacks on civilians.
    (AFP, 12/1/06)
2006        Dec 1, Chinese courts rejected an appeal from Zhao Yan, the NY Times researcher who reported on official corruption and peasant rights before he joined the newspaper. They upheld the four-year prison term of activist Chen Guangcheng, who documented cases of forced abortions.
    (AP, 12/1/06)
2006        Dec 1, An Interior Ministry official said that 1,846 civilians were killed in Iraq in November, a 43 percent increase from the estimated toll in October. Iraqi forces backed by US helicopters swept through one of the oldest area of Baghdad in house-to-house fighting that killed at least three Iraqis and wounded 11. Scattered sectarian violence elsewhere killed 12 other people. A US Army soldier also was killed in fighting in the volatile Anbar province.
    (AP, 12/1/06)(AP, 12/2/06)
2006        Dec 1, In Lebanon at least a million people loyal to Hezbollah and its pro-Syrian opposition allies massed in downtown Beirut seeking to force the resignation of Western-backed PM Fuad Saniora, who was holed up in his office ringed by hundreds of police and combat troops.
    (AP, 12/1/06)(SFC, 12/2/06, p.A1)
2006        Dec 1, Felipe Calderon took the oath of office as Mexico's president amid jeers and whistles, in a chaotic ceremony before congress preceded by a brawl between lawmakers still divided over the nation's tight presidential election.
    (AP, 12/1/06)
2006        Dec 1, In the Netherlands a court convicted four Dutch Muslims of plotting terrorist attacks against political leaders and government buildings and sentenced them to up to eight years in prison. A man in a hooded coat killed an 8-year-old boy in the corridor of a Dutch grade school. Police said they arrested a 22-year-old suspect.
    (AP, 12/1/06)
2006        Dec 1, In Nigeria OPEC President Edmund Daukoru said that he expects the OPEC oil export group to cut its output quota by at least half a million barrels per day when it meets on December 14.
    (AFP, 12/1/06)
2006        Dec 1, The 15th Asian Games exploded into life in Doha, Qatar, with the most spectacular opening ceremony ever staged.
    (www.dohaasiangames.org/)
2006        Dec 1, Pakistan’s President Gen. Pervez Musharraf signed into law an amendment to the country's controversial rape statute to make it easier to prosecute sexual assault cases. In northwestern Pakistan a suicide bomber struck outside a military facility in Peshawar, killing himself but causing no other casualties.
    (AP, 12/1/06)
2006        Dec 1, Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas convened the PLO's top decision-making body to map out a strategy after declaring that talks to form a more moderate government with ruling Hamas militants had collapsed.
    (AP, 12/1/06)
2006        Dec 1, In Paraguay a court convicted and sentenced 15 members of a radical leftist group to prison for the 2004 kidnapping and murder of Cecilia Cubas (31), a former president's daughter.
    (AP, 12/1/06)
2006        Dec 1, Officials reported that Typhoon Durian killed as many as 200 people when it tore through the eastern Philippines. The storm was eventually blamed for 1,399 deaths.
    (AP, 12/1/07)
2006        Dec 1, The opening ceremony for the 15th Asian Games took place in Doha, the capital of Qatar.
    (Reuters, 11/27/06)
2006        Dec 1, The US circulated a UN Security Council draft resolution that would authorize a regional force to protect Somalia's weak government and threaten Security Council action against those who block peace efforts and attempt to overthrow it.
    (AP, 12/2/06)
2006        Dec 1, South Africa unveiled plans to halve the number of people being infected with the AIDS virus within five years by persuading youngsters to delay the start of their sex lives. Some 5.5 million South Africans suffered from HIV and about 950 were dying from AIDS every day.
    (AFP, 12/1/06)(Econ, 12/9/06, p.53)
2006        Dec 1, A suicide bomber targeted a convoy carrying Sri Lanka's defense secretary in Colombo, killing himself and two soldiers. The defense secretary, who is also the president's brother, was unharmed.
    (AP, 12/1/06)
2006        Dec 1, Ukraine lawmakers fired the foreign minister and interior minister, setting the stage for a legal battle between the president and the premier.
    (AP, 12/1/06)
2006        Dec 1, Pres. Robert Mugabe said Zimbabwe is showing the way for Africa in the fight against HIV/AIDS. He urged Zimbabweans to take greater personal responsibility in stopping the epidemic. HIV prevalence rate declined to 18.1% this year from 25% five years ago.
    (Reuters, 12/1/06)

2006        Dec 2, The National World War I Museum opened in Kansas City, Missouri. The $26.5 million museum at the Liberty Memorial joined the ranks of The National World War II Museum in New Orleans and other definitive repositories for key events in history.
    (www.libertymemorialmuseum.org)(WSJ, 11/29/06, p.D10)
2006        Dec 2, Thousands of US homes and businesses had no electricity for heat and lights after the Midwest's first big snowstorm of the season.
    (AP, 12/2/06)
2006        Dec 2, In Oakland Mayor-elect Ron Dellums (71) said he would appoint a young person to every board and commission in the city.
    (SSFC, 12/3/06, p.B1)
2006        Dec 2, A sport utility vehicle driven by actor Lane Garrison hit a tree in Beverly Hills, killing a 17-year-old passenger; Garrison was later sentenced to three years and four months in prison for drunken driving.
    (AP, 12/2/07)
2006        Dec 2, A civilian helicopter crashed in southern Afghanistan. Militants attacked a NATO convoy in southern Helmand province's Nawzad district. NATO troops fired back and called in airstrikes that left five militants dead. In Zabul province, suspected Taliban militants attacked a police checkpoint, sparking a gunbattle that left four insurgents dead and one police officer wounded. NATO troops also battled militants near Musa Qala in Helmand province for four hours. The fighting, including airstrikes, killed or wounded "a significant number of insurgents." Militants tried to block the main highway linking Kandahar and Helmand province, and a clash with police left three militants dead and eight wounded.
    (AP, 12/3/06)
2006        Dec 2, In Bahrain the 2nd round run-off election for the lower house of parliament pitted the Shiite-led opposition against Sunnis backed by the island kingdom's government in a tight race. Islamic hardliners dominated the Sunni supporters of Bahrain's government who defeated an opposition led by the kingdom's majority Shiites in parliamentary elections. Ali Salman (41) led Wifaq, the main Shia-based opposition party.
    (AP, 12/2/06)(Econ, 11/25/06, p.46)
2006        Dec 2, A US-based election monitor said Bangladesh's list of voters contains 12.2 million false names.
    (Reuters, 12/2/06)
2006        Dec 2, At least 15,000 demonstrators marched through Brussels in protest at planned job cuts at the Belgian factory of German car maker Volkswagen.
    (AP, 12/2/06)
2006        Dec 2, A bomb exploded in southwest Bhutan near the border with India, seriously injuring four people and shattering the calm of the isolated Himalayan kingdom.
    (AP, 12/3/06)
2006        Dec 2, Stephane Dion (51), a former environment minister who criticized PM Harper for modeling himself after President Bush, won leadership of Canada's Liberal Party.
    (AP, 12/2/06)
2006        Dec 2, Government troops in the Central African Republic said they have recaptured the town of Sam Ouandja on the sixth day of a counter-offensive supported by French troops, leaving rebels with only one major northeastern town, Ouadda Djalle.
    (AFP, 12/2/06)
2006        Dec 2, China’s Xinhua news said underground water reserves in around 9 out of every 10 Chinese cities are polluted or over-exploited, and could take hundreds of years to recover.
    (AP, 12/2/06)
2006        Dec 2, A 50-year-old battle to evict squatters from one of Egypt's most renowned archaeological sites, the West Bank of Luxor, ended as authorities began demolitions. The fate of Qurna's 10,000 residents was sealed when authorities gave the demolition order for the mud-brick houses erected over ancient Egyptian tombs.
    (AFP, 12/3/06)
2006        Dec 2, In eastern India at least 14 soldiers died when a landmine planted by suspected Maoist guerrillas exploded near the steel-producing town of Bokaro, Jharkhand state. A colonial-era footbridge collapsed onto railroad tracks in eastern India, burying a train beneath tons of red rock and killing at least 34 passengers.
    (AFP, 12/2/06)(AP, 12/3/06)
2006        Dec 2, In Baghdad the death toll from a triple car bombing at a food market in a predominantly Shiite area rose to 53 civilians dead and 121 wounded. Gunmen attacked the main gate of Yarmouk Hospital, killing one policeman and wounding three, and the bodies of 12 people who had been handcuffed and shot to death were found by police. US and Iraqi forces began an offensive operation in Baqouba. One al-Qaida in Iraq insurgent was killed and 43 detained, including two foreigners. Drive-by shootings in two towns near Baqouba killed 2 civilians and wounded 5. A truck driving at high speed slammed into a bus stop in al-Wahada, 22 miles south of Baghdad, killing about 20 people waiting for buses to the capital and wounding 15. US forces killed an insurgent who was caught planting a roadside bomb on a major highway about 40 miles south of Baghdad. A roadside bomb also hit a police patrol in Youssifiyah killing one policeman and wounding six. In the town of Karmah coalition ground and air forces killed six insurgents while destroying two buildings that militants were using. Gunmen in two cars intercepted a vehicle carrying Haithem Yassin, a Shiite adviser to Iraq's minister of electricity, in northeast Baghdad, kidnapping him, his driver and two bodyguards. 3 American soldiers were killed by roadside bombs.
    (AP, 12/2/06)(AP, 12/3/06)
2006        Dec 2, In Rome some 700,000 supporters of Silvio Berlusconi demonstrated against the government’s planned tax increases. Pier Ferdinando Casini’s Union of Christian Democrats (UDC) held its own rally in Palermo.
    (Econ, 12/9/06, p.56)
2006        Dec 2, In Lebanon thousands of Hezbollah supporters camped out in tents in central Beirut as the Shiite Muslim guerrilla group and its allies kept up the pressure on the US-backed government of Fuad Saniora to resign.
    (AP, 12/2/06)
2006        Dec 2, Mexico's new president pledged to substantially raise the wages of the armed forces, calling them a crucial weapon against heavily armed drug gangs terrorizing the nation.
    (AP, 12/2/06)
2006        Dec 2, In Nigeria press reports said Abubakar Audu, a former governor of Nigeria's central state of Kogi (1999-2003), has been charged in a high court with corruption and money laundering. Audu was slammed with 80 counts of corruption and money laundering during his tenure.
    (AFP, 12/2/06)
2006        Dec 2, Hamas rejected demands by PLO leaders that its government resign over the failure to form a moderate coalition acceptable to the West, a sign of an intensifying power struggle between Islamic militants and moderate President Mahmoud Abbas.
    (AP, 12/2/06)
2006        Dec 2, In the Philippines rescuers scouring mountain villages buried under mud and boulders loosed by a powerful typhoon discovered more bodies, raising the death total to more than 300, with another 300 missing.
    (AP, 12/2/06)
2006        Dec 2, Saudi news said authorities have arrested 136 suspected militants over the past three months, accusing some of plotting to carry out suicide attacks inside the kingdom.
    (AP, 12/3/06)
2006        Dec 2, About 30,000 Serbs protested in front of the United States embassy in defense of Radical Party leader Vojislav Seselj, now 22 days into a hunger strike at The Hague's war crimes tribunal.
    (AP, 12/2/06)
2006        Dec 2, A UN official said days of fighting between former rebels and government forces killed more than 150 people and wounded at least 400 in a southern Sudanese town.
    (AP, 12/2/06)

2006        Dec 3, In southern Afghanistan a suicide car bomb exploded next to a British convoy in Kandahar city, and troops speeding away from the scene fired at several civilian cars. 3 Afghans were killed and 19 people were wounded, including three British soldiers. In southern Afghanistan an estimated 70 to 80 Taliban militants were killed by NATO soldiers in fighting after police told military authorities where insurgents had gathered.
    (AP, 12/3/06)(AP, 12/4/06)
2006        Dec 3, A major political alliance in Bangladesh staged a nationwide transport blockade to force electoral reforms. Separate clashes between rival political activists and police left one man dead and at least 65 people injured.
    (AP, 12/3/06)
2006        Dec 3, Bolivia’s Pres. Evo Morales signed contracts giving the government control over foreign energy companies’ operations.
    (SFC, 12/4/06, p.A11)
2006        Dec 3, In southern England 2 firefighters were killed in a blaze at a fireworks factory near Lewes that injured a dozen others.
    (AP, 12/4/06)
2006        Dec 3, Members of Alberta's ruling Conservative party picked Ed Stelmach (55), a moderate farmer, as premier of the western Canadian province.
    (Reuters, 12/3/06)
2006        Dec 3, A Dubai-based developer announced that it plans to build a new Russian city on 44,000 acres near Moscow.
    (AP, 12/3/06)
2006        Dec 3, In East Timor a man was hacked to death and 17 others were injured in overnight gang fighting in Dili.
    (AP, 12/3/06)
2006        Dec 3, Andris Piebalgs, the EU Energy Commissioner from Latvia, signed an accord on nuclear cooperation with Kazakhstan. The EU hoped to increase Kazakhstan uranium sales to the EU from 3% to 20%.
    (WSJ, 12/4/06, p.A6)
2006        Dec 3, Commodore Frank Bainimarama told Fiji One television that he wants PM Laisenia Qarase to resign so the military can name a new government for the South Pacific island nation.
    (AP, 12/3/06)
2006        Dec 3, Haitians cast ballots in municipal and local elections that were billed as the final step in the troubled country's return to democratic rule following a bloody February 2004 revolt that toppled former President Jean-Bertrand Aristide.
    (AP, 12/3/06)
2006        Dec 3, Seven Iraqis were killed and 12 wounded including 3 policemen killed by a suicide bomber at a checkpoint near the northern city of Kirkuk. The bullet-ridden body of the Sunni Arab chairman of one of Iraq's leading soccer clubs was found, several days after he was kidnapped in the capital. A US soldier was killed during combat in Baghdad.
    (AP, 12/3/06)(AP, 12/6/06)
2006        Dec 3, Madagascar's president faced 13 challengers in the first elections since voting five years ago led to a six-month power struggle that split the Indian Ocean nation between two governments.
    (AP, 12/3/06)
2006        Dec 3, Mexico’s newly sworn-in president Felipe Calderon decreed a 10% pay cut for himself and his cabinet members, echoing a central campaign promise of the leftist rival he beat by a razor-thin margin.
    (AP, 12/3/06)
2006        Dec 3, In southern Taiwan a double-decker tour bus crashed into a steep ravine in a scenic mountain area, killing 22 and seriously injuring two dozen others.
    (AP, 12/4/06)
2006        Dec 3, Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez won re-election, defeating Manuel Rosales, governor of the western state of Zulia. With 78% of voting stations reporting, Chavez had 61% of the vote, to 38% for Rosales.
    (Econ, 11/11/06, p.44)(AP, 12/3/06)(AP, 12/3/07)

2006        Dec 4, The White House, unable to win Senate confirmation, said UN Ambassador John Bolton will step down when his temporary appointment expires within weeks.
    (AP, 12/4/06)
2006        Dec 4, Abdul Aziz al-Hakim (55), leader of Iraq's largest political party, the Supreme Council for the Islamic Revolution in Iraq (SCIRI), spoke with Pres. Bush for more than an hour at the White House. He became leader of the SCIRI when his brother and party founder Ayatollah Mohammed Baqir al-Hakim was killed in a bombing in August 2003. Al-Hakim had ties to Iran and the officially disbanded Badr militia.
    (AP, 12/4/06)
2006        Dec 4, Truck driver Tyrone Williams was convicted in Houston of the deaths of 19 illegal immigrants crammed into a sweltering tractor-trailer in May 2003.
    (AP, 12/4/07)
2006        Dec 4, In Jena, La., six black students (the Jena Six) beat a white schoolmate in an altercation that stemmed from the hanging of nooses in August in a tree on school grounds under which white students regularly gathered. The black teenagers were initially charged with attempted murder, but later dropped to aggravated second-degree battery in 4 cases. In September, 2007, charges against Mychal Bell were moved to juvenile court following huge civil rights protests. It was later reported that 7 black students were involved in the Dec 4 beating. On Dec 3, 2007, Bell pleaded guilty to a juvenile charge of 2nd degree battery in return for an 18-month sentence. On June 26, 2009, 5 members of the Jena 6 pleaded no contests to misdemeanor simple battery with no jail time.
    (SFC, 9/21/07, p.A3)(SFC, 9/28/07, p.A3)(Econ, 9/29/07, p.33)(SFC, 12/4/07, p.A3)(SFC, 6/27/09, p.A5)
2006        Dec 4, Bank of New York Co. agreed to take over Mellon Financial Corp. in a $16.5 billion all-stock deal that will create the world's largest securities servicing company and one of the biggest asset managers.
    (AP, 12/4/06)
2006        Dec 4, Chipmaker LSI Logic Corp. and Agere Systems reached a $4 billion stock swap deal. LSI closed down 14% to $9.12 per share. LSI CEO Abhi Talwalkar offered the equivalent of $22.81 per share for Agere.
    (SFC, 12/5/06, p.C1)
2006        Dec 4, Station Casinos of Las Vegas said it received a $4.7 billion buyout offer from its founding family and affiliate of Colony Capital LLC, a private equity firm.
    (SFC, 12/5/06, p.C3)
2006        Dec 4, Shares of Pfizer Inc. fell 15.6% in opening trade, wiping out nearly $30 billion of market value, after the world's biggest drugmaker scrapped development of its most important experimental medicine. Pfizer halted work on torcetrapib, which was designed to raise levels of "good" HDL cholesterol, because of increased deaths and heart problems among patients given the product in a late-stage trial.
    (Reuters, 12/4/06)
2006        Dec 4, An E. coli outbreak that sickened at least 58 people, two of them seriously, was linked by health investigators to three Taco Bell restaurants in New Jersey. The outbreak, initially believed to stem from green onions, was later believed to have come from lettuce.
    (AP, 12/4/06)(SFC, 12/14/06, p.A6)
2006        Dec 4, NASA announced plans to begin building a permanent base on the moon by 2024, with the first teams landing in 2020.
    (SFC, 12/5/06, p.A2)
2006        Dec 4, In Afghanistan 2 journalists, whose identities and media organization were not identified, reportedly went missing in Kandahar province.
    (AP, 12/5/06)
2006        Dec 4, Insurance Australia Group (IAG) announced it will buy British motor insurer Equity Insurance Group for 570 million pounds.
    (AFP, 12/4/06)
2006        Dec 4, Tomma Abts (38) became the first female painter in the 22-year history of Britain's $ 49,000 Turner Prize to win the controversial modern art award.
    (AFP, 12/4/06)(SFC, 12/5/06, p.F8)
2006        Dec 4, PM Tony Blair has announced plans for Britain to retain its nuclear deterrent but promised to cut the number of nuclear warheads by 20%. Blair also launched plans for a new multibillion-dollar submarine-based nuclear missile defense system, warning lawmakers the future may hold perilous threats from rogue regimes and state-sponsored terrorists.
    (AP, 12/4/06)
2006        Dec 4, China’s state media said Ying Fuming, a manager at the Fanchang Grease Factory in Taizhou in east China, has been arrested for using grease from swill, sewage, pesticides and recycled industrial oil to make lard for human consumption. 6 children died of possible food poisoning at a boarding school at the school in Nanyao, a village in northern Shanxi province.
    (AP, 12/4/06)(AP, 12/6/06)
2006        Dec 4, Egypt’s Interior Ministry said police had arrested an American, 11 Europeans and several others from Arab countries for allegedly plotting terrorist attacks in Middle Eastern countries including Iraq.
    (AP, 12/4/06)
2006        Dec 4, The Estlink cable connected power grids of the Baltic States with Finland. The cost of Estlink, which measures 100 kilometers (60 miles), was around 110 million euros (132 million dollars). It was built by Swiss-Swedish group ABB.
    (AP, 12/4/06)
2006        Dec 4, In Fiji soldiers moved against at least two police compounds, seizing weapons in the apparent first step toward taking over the South Pacific island nation.
    (AP, 12/4/06)
2006        Dec 4, In Haiti as many as 30 inmates escaped through a small hole in a prison wall in the latest of several breakouts from the overcrowded National Penitentiary.
    (AP, 12/6/06)
2006        Dec 4, Police in eastern India were alerted that a container, packed with radioactive material, had been stolen from a fortified research facility, prompting a major hunt and fears of contamination. It carried uranium and radiation and could have an adverse effect in an area of 1.5 kilometers (0.93 mile).
    (AFP, 12/23/06)
2006        Dec 4, Drive-by shootings and a suicide car bomber killed at least seven Iraqis and wounded five. American forces killed two militants and destroyed a vehicle packed with explosives. A US helicopter went down in Lake Qadisiyah west of the Iraqi capital, killing one Marine and leaving three missing in Anbar province. An insurgent attack on an American military patrol in Baghdad killed Pfc. Ross McGinnis and wounded five. Another US serviceman died in southern Iraq in an accident involving his vehicle. In 2008 Pres. Bush awarded the Medal of Honor to McGinnis, who had placed his body between a grenade and 4 comrades.
    (AP, 12/4/06)(AP, 12/5/06)(WSJ, 6/3/08, p.A4)(www.iraqwarheroes.org/mcginnisra.htm)
2006        Dec 4, The Israeli army killed a Palestinian and arrested 17 militants in raids across the West Bank, despite a decision by the military to scale back such operations in order to bolster a shaky truce with the Palestinians in the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 12/5/06)
2006        Dec 4, Against a backdrop of protests, the defense minister gave citations to Dutch troops who served in the UN peacekeeping force that failed to prevent the slaughter of Muslims in the Srebrenica enclave during the Bosnian war.
    (AP, 12/4/06)
2006        Dec 4, In Pakistan at least eight people were killed in torrential rains and flooding, which blocked roads and caused widespread disruption in several cities.
    (AFP, 12/4/06)
2006        Dec 4, In Peru a bus speeding through the fog on a twisting mountain road in the Andes fell 1,320 feet into a ravine, killing 45 people.
    (AP, 12/5/06)
2006        Dec 4, Marine Lance Cpl. Daniel Smith was convicted in the Philippines of raping a Filipino woman and sentenced to 40 years in prison.
    (AP, 12/4/07)
2006        Dec 4, Rescuers in the Philippines all but gave up hope of finding survivors in mudslide-swamped villages on the slopes of the Mayon volcano, five days after Typhoon Durian killed an estimated 1,000 people.
    (AP, 12/4/06)
2006        Dec 4, Russia's atomic energy agency declined to comment on Japanese news reports that North Korea had offered Russia exclusive rights to its natural uranium deposits in exchange for support at six-way talks on Pyongyang's nuclear weapons.
    (AP, 12/4/06)
2006        Dec 4, Russia gave a frosty welcome to a team of British counter-terror officers probing the poisoning of former Russian spy Alexander Litvinenko, and laid down some strict ground rules for their work in Moscow.
    (AFP, 12/5/06)
2006        Dec 4, In Sudan militias entered El Fasher, the main town in the Darfur region and started looting the market. Militias there fought members of a former rebel group in clashes which the rebels said left up to seven people dead.
    (AP, 12/4/06)(Reuters, 12/4/06)
2006        Dec 4, Turkish security forces clashed with an angry crowd trying to lynch a man accused of raping several girls and killing two of them in southeastern Turkey. One person was killed in the violence, and at least 22 were injured.
    (AP, 12/4/06)

2006        Dec 5, Robert Gates won speedy and unanimous approval from the Senate Armed Services Committee to be secretary of defense.
    (AP, 12/5/07)
2006        Dec 5, New York became the first city in the nation to ban artery-clogging trans fats at restaurants. The ban became effective July 1,2007.
    (AP, 12/6/06)(SFC, 7/2/07, p.A4)
2006        Dec 5, An annual US report put Minnesota at the top of its health rankings for the fourth straight year, while concluding that the nation's health improved slightly.
    (AP, 12/5/06)
2006        Dec 5, In Alabama Geontae Glass, a 5-year-old boy who was asleep in the back of a car when it was stolen from a parking lot a day earlier, was found dead in a neighboring county.
    (AP, 12/5/06)
2006        Dec 5, A large sunspot rounded the sun's eastern limb and with little warning it exploded. On the "Richter scale" of solar flares, which ranks X1 as a big event, the blast registered X9, making it one of the strongest flares of the past 30 years.
    (http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/2008/15dec_solarflaresurprise/)
2006        Dec 5, A suicide bomber plowed his car into a convoy of NATO troops in Afghanistan's southern city of Kandahar, wounding nine civilians and two soldiers.
    (AP, 12/5/06)
2006        Dec 5, In Brazil a court said it had released the passports of two US pilots of a private jet involved in a collision with a Boeing 737 over the Amazon that killed 154 people.
    (AP, 12/6/06)
2006        Dec 5, British PM Tony Blair and Rwandan President Paul Kagame discussed economic reform and how to reconcile the people of the landlocked African state still scarred by the 1994 genocide. They also talked about the conflict in the western Darfur region of Sudan, where Rwanda has troops on the ground as part of the African Union force.
    (AFP, 12/5/06)
2006        Dec 5, The EU presidency backed a proposal to partially suspend EU membership talks with Turkey because of Ankara's refusal to open up to trade with Cyprus.
    (AP, 12/5/06)
2006        Dec 5, The military seized control of Fiji after weeks of threats, locking down the capital with armed troops and isolating at home the elected leader whose last-minute pleas for help from foreign forces were rejected. Commodore Frank Bainimarama named Dr. Jona Senilagakali, a military medic with no political experience, as caretaker prime minister and said a full interim government would be appointed next week to see the country through to elections that would restore democracy sometime in the future. PM Laisenia Qarase, who had caved in to all demands, was deposed anyway. Pres. Ratu Josefa Iloilo, refused to rubber-stamp Bainimarama’s “doctrine of necessity."  
    (AP, 12/5/06)(Econ, 12/9/06, p.49)
2006        Dec 5, Knut became the first polar bear born to be born in Germany’s Berlin Zoo in 30 years. He was rejected by his mother and spent his first 44 days in an incubator. Zookeeper Thomas Doerflein (d.2008 at 44) raised the cub by hand.
    (www.spiegel.de/international/0,1518,461624,00.html)(SFC, 9/26/08, p.B9)
2006        Dec 5, In Germany world chess champion Vladimir Kramnik lost the sixth and decisive game against computer program Deep Fritz, ceding a hard-fought Man vs. Machine match 4-2.
    (AP, 12/5/06)
2006        Dec 5, In Haiti at least 8 people were killed over the last few days in the Martissant slum during a gang feud set off by the Dec 3 murder of a police officer. The officer's killing reignited an ongoing battle between the rival Grand Ravine and Ti Manchet gangs.
    (AP, 12/7/06)
2006        Dec 5, An Indian court sentenced Shibu Soren, former cabinet coal minister, to life behind bars for conspiracy in the abduction and murder of an aide. The court had found him guilty of the 1994 murder and abduction of his former private secretary, Shashi Nath Jha, who was allegedly blackmailing him over a corruption scandal.
    (AFP, 12/5/06)
2006        Dec 5, Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad vowed to stick by the nuclear program and issued a new threat to downgrade relations with the EU if European negotiators opted for tough sanctions. A media rights group warned that Internet censorship in Iran is on the rise after Iran blocked access to the popular video-sharing Web site YouTube.com.
    (AP, 12/6/06)
2006        Dec 5, Iraq’s PM Nouri al-Maliki said his government will send envoys to neighboring countries to pave the way for a regional conference on ending the rampant violence. Maj. Gen. William Caldwell, the top American military spokesman in Iraq, said the US military expects all of Iraq to be under the control of Iraqi forces by mid-2007. Suspected insurgents set off a car bomb to stop a minibus carrying Shiite government employees in Baghdad, then shot and killed 15 of them. In another attack in the capital, two car bombs exploded in a commercial district, killing 15 other Iraqis.
    (AP, 12/5/06)
2006        Dec 5, An Italian prosecutor asked for the indictment of 26 Americans and Italian secret service officials on a charge of kidnapping an Egyptian cleric in Milan in 2003.
    (AP, 12/5/06)
2006        Dec 5, Ivory Coast police fired into a crowd protesting President Laurent Gbagbo's regime and killed one person, as political opponents mounted rallies in several towns in the southern part of the divided West African country.
    (AP, 12/5/06)
2006        Dec 5, Jamaica reported 15 cases of malaria in the Kingston area, the first in 15 years.
    (WSJ, 12/6/06, p.A1)
2006        Dec 5, Kuwait's highest court overturned the conviction of Nasser Najr al-Mutairi, a former Guantanamo Bay prisoner who was returned to the emirate in 2005.
    (AFP, 12/5/06)
2006        Dec 5, Mexico’s Pres. Calderon, under pressure to promote the social programs his leftist rival championed, presented an austere budget that increases spending for social programs to help the country's poorest. Mexican police arrested Flavio Sosa, the symbolic leader of a six-month-long protest movement that took over southern Oaxaca city, hours after he gave a news conference saying he had come to the capital to start talks with the government.
    (AP, 12/5/06)
2006        Dec 5, Pakistan President Gen. Pervez Musharraf said he is willing to give up its claim to all of Kashmir if India agrees that the disputed Himalayan region should become self-governing and largely autonomous. Troops shot dead three Islamic militants in Indian Kashmir, while 19 civilians were injured and a guerrilla was killed in a grenade blast.
    (AP, 12/5/06)(AFP, 12/5/06)
2006        Dec 5, The first foreign aid flights of food and medicines arrived in the eastern Philippines. Officials said devastating mudslides had left at least 1,266 people dead or missing.
    (AFP, 12/5/06)
2006        Dec 5, A Russian court sentenced Ruslan Melnik (22), a leader of an extremist group known as the Mad Crowd, to 3 1/2 years in prison for hate crime attacks on foreigners.
    (AP, 12/5/06)
2006        Dec 5, Somalia's government ruled out peace talks with the country's Islamic movement, citing truce violations, heightening fears of an all-out war.
    (AFP, 12/5/06)
2006        Dec 5, In South Africa the findings of a new report said nearly 300 million dollars worth of gold is stolen every year by underground pirates from mines. The report found that 41% of gold thieves were mine employees and 56% were unemployed.
    (AFP, 12/5/06)
2006        Dec 5, A shell apparently fired by Congolese troops fighting forces loyal to a dissident general near the Ugandan border landed among a group of some 12,000 refugees in Uganda, killing at least seven.
    (AFP, 12/6/06)
2006        Dec 5, Pro-Moroccan leaders in the Western Sahara presented a self-rule plan for a government, parliament and legal system in the territory, while acknowledging Rabat's sovereignty.
    (AFP, 12/6/06)
2006        Dec 5, Typhoon Durian slammed into Vietnam's southern coast as a tropical storm. A Dec 7 government report said nearly 100 people were killed or are missing after the typhoon hit the southern coast.
    (AP, 12/6/06)(Reuters, 12/7/06)
2006        Dec 5, In Yemen a gunman opened fire outside the US Embassy, but Yemeni guards quickly shot and arrested him.
    (AP, 12/5/06)
2006        Dec 5, Zimbabwe's top union body vowed to stage new protests against the government, saying it had failed to address the plight of workers reeling under four-digit inflation, high taxes and a shrinking labor market.
    (AFP, 12/5/06)

2006        Dec 6, The US Senate confirmed Robert Gates as the new secretary of defense.
    (WSJ, 12/7/06, p.A1)
2006        Dec 6, The top-level bipartisan Baker-Hamilton panel, the Iraq Study Group (ISG), called for a complete overhaul of US policy in Iraq. This included talks with Iran and Syria, a withdrawal of most combat troops by 2008, and threats to press Iraqi leaders to quell violence.
    (AFP, 12/6/06)(WSJ, 12/7/06, p.A1)(Econ, 12/9/06, p.31)
2006        Dec 6, The US indicted Charles McArthur Emmanuel (29), son of former Liberian President Charles Taylor, with committing torture in Liberia. This was the Justice Department's first case under a 12-year-old anti-torture law. The indictment came the day before Emmanuel, He currently in federal custody was scheduled to be sentenced on the passport fraud charges in Miami.
    (Reuters, 12/6/06)
2006        Dec 6, Cisco CEO John Chambers Network said equipment maker Cisco Systems Inc. will set up a center in India to support all aspects of its worldwide operations.
    (AP, 12/6/06)
2006        Dec 6, NASA scientists reported evidence of water at 2 Martian craters.
    (SFC, 12/7/06, p.A1)
2006        Dec 6, James Kim, a San Francisco man who struck out alone to find help for his family after their car got stuck on a snowy, remote road in Oregon was found dead, bringing an end to what authorities called an extraordinary effort to stay alive.
    (AP, 12/7/06)
2006        Dec 6, In California the inaugural class to the state Hall of Fame included: Ronald Reagan, Cesar Chavez, Walt Disney, Amelia Earhart, Clint Eastwood, Frank Gehry, David D. Ho, M.D., Billie Jean King, John Muir, Sally K. Ride, Ph.D., Alice Walker and the Hearst and Packard Families.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/California_Hall_of_Fame)
2006        Dec 6, In Wisconsin a propane gas leak led to a huge explosion in a west side Milwaukee industrial area, killing three people at the Falk Corp. transmission parts plant. 46 others were injured.
    (SFC, 12/7/06, p.A3)
2006        Dec 6, A suicide bomber killed two Americans and five Afghans outside a security contractor's southern Afghan compound.
    (AP, 12/6/06)
2006        Dec 6, Australia's Parliament lifted a four-year ban on cloning human embryos for stem cell research despite opposition from the prime minister and other party leaders.
    (AP, 12/6/06)
2006        Dec 6, Britain’s PM Tony Blair has conceded that US-led forces are not winning the war in Iraq, as he headed for Washington to discuss strategic options in the war-scarred country.
    (AP, 12/6/06)
2006        Dec 6, Scotland Yard announced it was treating the death of former spy Alexander Litvinenko as a homicide. British investigators spoke with Dmitry Kovtun, one of at least two Russians who met Litvinenko in a London hotel on November 1. Litvinenko died on November 23 from radiation poisoning caused by polonium 210. Andrei Lugovoi, hospitalized in Moscow and being tested for possible polonium contamination, was scheduled to be interviewed by British investigators, but the interview was postponed. British officials said traces of the radioactive isotope polonium-210 have been detected at a London stadium that hosted a soccer game attended by Lugovoi.
    (AP, 12/6/06)(Reuters, 12/6/06)(AP, 12/7/06)
2006        Dec 6, Lawmakers in Bulgaria adopted a much-delayed law to open the archives of its former communist secret service, but also voted to keep a small portion of the files secret for "national security reasons."
    (AP, 12/6/06)
2006        Dec 6, In Chad an association of radio broadcasters said private radio stations began a three-day protest of government censorship of their reporting on Chad's volatile east.
    (AP, 12/6/06)
2006        Dec 6, Far-right paramilitary groups pulled out of a peace process with the Colombian government following a decision by President Alvaro Uribe's administration to transfer jailed militia leaders to a maximum security prison.
    (AP, 12/7/06)
2006        Dec 6, Congo inaugurated Joseph Kabila as its first freely elected president in more than four decades.
    (AP, 12/6/06)
2006        Dec 6, Hector Palacios, a well-known dissident jailed in a Cuban government crackdown on the opposition three years ago, was unexpectedly released from prison.
    (AP, 12/6/06)
2006        Dec 6, Egypt’s Pres. Hosni Mubarak arrived in Dublin at the start of a five-day European tour that will also include France and Germany. He said renewing the Middle East peace process is top of his agenda.
    (AFP, 12/7/06)
2006        Dec 6, Commodore Frank Bainimarama, the military ruler who led a coup against Fiji's elected government, forcibly dissolved the South Pacific island's parliament, installed a new prime minister and warned that he could use force against dissenters.
    (AP, 12/6/06)
2006        Dec 6, France went head-to-head with CNN and the BBC with the launch of its state-funded 24/7 news channel, part of President Jacques Chirac's efforts to make his country's voice heard. The France 24 news channel was a joint venture between TF1, a private firm, and the state-owned France Televisions.
    (AP, 12/6/06)(Econ, 12/2/06, p.63)
2006        Dec 6, In Iraq a mortar attack killed at least eight people and wounded dozens in a secondhand goods market in a shelling in the Sadr City Shiite district of Baghdad. Soon after a suicide bomber on a bus in Sadr City detonated explosives hidden in his clothing, killing two people and wounding 15. A bomb also exploded near a shop in Iskandariyah, 30 miles south of Baghdad, killing four people and wounding 12. Drive-by shootings and mortar attacks north and south of the capital killed four Iraqis and wounded five. US ground and air forces conducted a raid targeting foreign insurgents near the Iranian border, killing a militant who opened fire on an aircraft. At least 75 people were killed or found dead across Iraq, including 48 whose bullet-riddled bodies were found in different parts of Baghdad. 11 US troops were killed in 5 separate incidents in Iraq. An Iraqi court sentenced a Libyan member of al-Qaida in Iraq to death after he admitted taking part in eight attacks on US-led coalition forces and Iraqi targets.
    (AP, 12/6/06)(AP, 12/7/06)(AP, 12/16/06)
2006        Dec 6, Philippe Douste-Blazy, the French foreign minister, said that Iran will face UN sanctions for refusing to halt its nuclear program but that major world powers remain divided over their extent.
    (AP, 12/6/06)
2006        Dec 6, A US serviceman fatally shot a civilian at the US air base in Kyrgyzstan "in response to a threat."
    (AP, 12/6/06)
2006        Dec 6, A conference on bird flu opened in Mali. Experts were increasingly concerned for Africa as an international conference heard that Egypt, Nigeria, and Sudan continued to record outbreaks of the deadly disease.
    (AFP, 12/6/06)
2006        Dec 6, Mexico’s President Felipe Calderon announced a program to help Mexico's 100 poorest communities, responding to leftist critics who accuse the conservative leader of wanting to help only the rich.
    (AP, 12/7/06)
2006        Dec 6, Cardinal Jozef Glemp (76) stepped down after more than 25 years as archbishop of Warsaw. He headed Poland's powerful Roman Catholic Church through the dark days of martial law and the country's later jump to free-market democracy.
    (AP, 12/6/06)
2006        Dec 6, In Doha, Qatar, Midway through day five of the Asian Games, China had 67 gold medals to Japan's 18 and South Korea's 14. Kazakhstan, thanks to its shooters and weightlifters, had 10.
    (AFP, 12/6/06)
2006        Dec 6, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill dropping a minimal turnout threshold in polls, which critics say will make them less fair, despite a plea by his human rights adviser not to do so.
    (Reuters, 12/7/06)
2006        Dec 6, Saudi Arabia said it had fired a security adviser who wrote in The Washington Post that the world's top oil exporter would intervene in Iraq once the United States withdraws troops. Saudi Arabia beheaded a Pakistani citizen and his daughter for smuggling heroin into the kingdom. The kingdom beheaded 83 people in 2005 and 35 people in 2004.
    (AP, 12/6/06)(Reuters, 12/7/06)
2006        Dec 6, In Somalia Sheik Hussein Barre Rage, an Islamic courts official in Bulo Burto, said residents who do not pray five times a day will be beheaded, adding the edict will be implemented in three days. Hoping to head off a regional proxy war, the UN Security Council came to the aid of Somalia's virtually powerless government, authorizing hundreds of East African troops to train and protect the interim administration in its conflict with an Islamic militia.
    (AP, 12/6/06)(AP, 12/7/06)
2006        Dec 6, South Korea mobilized 45,000 riot police to thwart banned protests as crucial talks on forging a free trade agreement with the United States faltered. The US and South Korea reached agreement on sharing costs for the deployment of US troops on the Korean peninsula.
    (AP, 12/6/06)
2006        Dec 6, Sudanese newspapers reported that Salva Kiir, Sudan's first vice president, demanded the arrest of two pro-Khartoum generals involved in deadly clashes in the southern town of Malakal last month. Pro-government janjaweed militiamen in the Darfur region killed 2 students in El Fasher, a day after another student was killed. Rebel groups massed nearby in preparation for a possible attack against the forces.
    (AP, 12/6/06)(AP, 12/7/06)
2006        Dec 6, A Ugandan army spokesman said at least 12,000 refugees fleeing fighting in eastern Congo DRC have crossed over the border into southwest Uganda.
    (AP, 12/6/06)

2006        Dec 7, Pres. Bush and Britain’s PM Tony Blair vowed to fight to victory in Iraq and both were skeptical that talks with Iran and Syria would be useful. President Bush gave a chilly response to the Iraq Study Group's proposals for reshaping his policy, objecting to talks with Iran and Syria, refusing to endorse a major troop withdrawal and vowing no retreat from embattled US goals in the Mideast.
    (WSJ, 12/8/06, p.A1)(AP, 12/7/07)
2006        Dec 7, The US military transferred the first group of Guantanamo Bay detainees to a new maximum-security prison on the naval base.
    (AP, 12/7/07)
2006        Dec 7, The 3,300-member Seminole Tribe of Florida said it was buying the Hard Rock business in a $965 million deal with Rank Group PLC, a British casino and hotel company.
    (SFC, 12/8/06, p.D2)
2006        Dec 7, The Norma CDO 1 Ltd. was established as a company in the Cayman Islands with N.I.R. Group LLC of NYC as its manager. The company packaged derivatives linked to triple-B rated mortgage securities In March 2007 Moody’s, Standard & Poor’s and Fitch Ratings gave Norma their seal of approval and Merrill Lynch sold Norma to investors. By October much of Norma dropped to junk status as the US mortgage market declined.
    (WSJ, 12/27/07, p.A1)
2006        Dec 7, Scientists at MIT reported the development of a strain of baker’s yeast that can speed ethanol production by about 50%.
    (WSJ, 12/8/06, p.A1)
2006        Dec 7, Zillow.com, led by Richard Barton, began offering US for-sale real estate listings in competition with such firms as Trulia.com and Reply Inc.
    (SFC, 12/9/06, p.C1)
2006        Dec 7, Researchers said the Ebola virus may have killed more than 5,000 gorillas in West Africa (Congo-Gabon), enough to send them into extinction if people continue to hunt them.
    (Reuters, 12/7/06)
2006        Dec 7, Johnnie Bryan Hunt (79), founder of Arkansas-based J.B. Hunt Transport Services (1969), died.
    (WSJ, 12/9/06, p.A5)
2006        Dec 7, Jeane J. Kirkpatrick (80), an unabashed apostle of Reagan era conservatism and the first woman U.S. ambassador to the United Nations, died.
    (AP, 12/8/06)(Econ, 12/23/06, p.127)
2006        Dec 7, In Afghanistan a suicide car bomb targeting a NATO convoy killed two civilians in Kandahar. Elsewhere a district chief and a senior policemen were killed by Taliban gunmen.
    (AFP, 12/7/06)
2006        Dec 7, In Armenia 3 teenagers and their grandmother set themselves on fire in Yerevan to protest what they said was authorities' inaction on investigating a relative's death, a family member said. Two of them were injured. They argued that the case was not being investigated because of discrimination against the Yazidi, a Kurdish ethnic group. About 50,000 Yazidi live in Armenia.
    (AP, 12/8/06)
2006        Dec 7, In northeastern Bulgaria a truck collided with a bus, sending both vehicles off a bridge into a river and killing at least 17 people.
    (AP, 12/8/06)
2006        Dec 7, Gao Qinrong (51), a Chinese journalist jailed in 1998 after exposing government corruption, was released 5 years early for good behavior. He maintained that he was innocent and that he would continue trying to clear his name.
    (AP, 12/12/06)(AP, 12/20/06)
2006        Dec 7, Egyptian authorities expelled two Belgians and eight French terrorist suspects, but an American and another French citizen remained in Egyptian custody.
    (AP, 12/7/06)
2006        Dec 7, Fiji's newly-imposed premier, Jona Senilagakali (77), admitted the army ouster of the elected government was illegal and that elections could be two years away, but said the nation did not need Western-style democracy.
    (AFP, 12/7/06)
2006        Dec 7, The Constitutional Court ruled Indonesia's much-criticized truth and reconciliation commission to be illegal, casting doubt on whether victims of former dictator Suharto will ever see justice.
    (AP, 12/8/06)
2006        Dec 7, Ali Reza Asgari, a retired general who served in Iran's Revolutionary Guard, arrived in Turkey on a private visit from Damascus, Syria. He had become involved in the olive business after retirement. Iranian officials later said that he disappeared on Dec 9. In March, 2009, a former German Defense Ministry official said Asgari had defected and was providing information to the West on Iran's nuclear program. Asgari allegedly told the West that Iran was financing North Korean steps to transform Syria into a nuclear weapons power, leading to an Israeli airstrike that targeted a site in Syria on Sept. 6, 2007. In November Iranian news Web sites reported that Asgari had been abducted by Israeli agents and is now being held in Israel.
    (AP, 11/16/09)
2006        Dec 7, A series of bombings and shootings killed at least 23 people in Iraq, including a 7-year-old girl and two college professors. Iraqi police found 35 bullet-riddled bodies that had been bound and blindfolded and left in different parts of the capital. A roadside bomb killed an American soldier during a joint patrol with the Iraqi army.
    (AP, 12/7/06)(AP, 12/8/06)
2006        Dec 7, A Jordanian military court convicted three Syrians and one Iraqi and sentenced them to death for firing rockets at two US warships in August 2005.
    (AP, 12/7/06)
2006        Dec 7, In Kyrgyzstan President Kurmanbek Bakiyev called for US troops deployed in the former Soviet nation to be stripped of diplomatic immunity after a US serviceman fatally shot a Kyrgyz civilian. The US air base said the serviceman who fatally shot a Kyrgyz truck driver had been threatened with a knife and responded as his training required.
    (AP, 12/7/06)
2006        Dec 7, Lebanon's Hezbollah-led opposition called for its supporters to take to the streets this weekend in a massive show of force, stepping up the pressure on the US-backed government, which has vowed not to give in to protesters.
    (AP, 12/7/06)
2006        Dec 7, Gunmen attacked a southern Nigerian oil installation belonging to a subsidiary of Italy's Eni SpA, taking three Italians hostage and killing another person.
    (AP, 12/7/06)
2006        Dec 7, The Prosecutor General's office said Russia has opened a criminal case in the poisoning death of former spy Alexander Litvinenko. The office also said it had opened a criminal investigation into the attempted killing of Dmitry Kovtun, one of at least two Russian businessmen who met Litvinenko in London's Millennium Hotel on Nov. 1, hours before the former spy fell fatally ill.
    (AP, 12/7/06)
2006        Dec 7, In Saudi Arabia armed men shot and killed two guards outside a prison in the western city of Jiddah before taking cover in a residential building where they were surrounded by Saudi security forces.
    (AP, 12/7/06)
2006        Dec 7, Islamic militants in control of most of southern Somalia warned that war will erupt over a UN decision authorizing an African force to protect the country's virtually powerless government.
    (AP, 12/7/06)
2006        Dec 7, The South African central bank raised its key lending rate by half a percentage point to 9.0%. In the wake of the repo rate increase, the country's four main commercial banks announced increases of their prime lending rates by half a point to 12.5%.
    (AFP, 12/7/06)
2006        Dec 7, Turkey offered to open a major seaport and an airport to longtime foe Cyprus to try to keep its EU entry talks on track. The EU called the step positive but insufficient.
    (AP, 12/7/06)

2006        Dec 8, President George W. Bush and visiting South African President Thabo Mbeki pressed for urgent deployment of international peacekeepers in violence-torn Darfur.
    (AFP, 12/8/06)
2006        Dec 8, The US House ethics committee concluded that Republican lawmakers and aides failed for a decade to protect male pages from sexual overtures by former Rep. Mark Foley, but that they broke no rules and should not be punished.
    (AP, 12/8/07)
2006        Dec 8, In Chicago a man carrying a cache of weapons into the Citigroup Center chained a law firm's doors closed and fatally shot three people before a police sniper killed him as he held a hostage at gunpoint. Authorities said Joe Jackson (59) felt cheated over an invention.
    (AP, 12/9/06)(AP, 12/10/06)
2006        Dec 8, McAfee, an Internet security firm, reported that organized gangs have adopted "KGB-style" tactics to hire high-flying computer students to commit Internet crime.
    (AP, 12/8/06)
2006        Dec 8, Heelys, a company that produced wheeled footwear, went public. Roger Adams (b.1954) founded the company following an inspired idea in 1998.
    (WSJ, 2/14/07, p.B11)
2006        Dec 8, Scientists said that the forests of the American West are under siege from bark beetles, miniscule but mighty foes that are ravaging the region's leading trees in record numbers. Experts said the region has failed in recent years to register the sustained periods of sub-zero temperatures that once dealt a fatal blow to beetle populations.
    (AFP, 12/8/06)
2006        Dec 8, Laura Gainey, the daughter of hockey great Bob Gainey, was washed overboard in the North Atlantic during a storm while working on a sailing ship bound for the Caribbean; she remains lost at sea.
    (AP, 12/8/07)
2006        Dec 8, Thousands of firefighters rushed to contain more than a dozen wildfires burning across southern Australia amid fears that high temperatures and gusty winds forecast this weekend could further stoke the blazes, threatening farms and towns.
    (AP, 12/8/06)
2006        Dec 8, The wife of Alexander Kozulin, a Belarusian opposition leader imprisoned since last spring's protests, said her husband has entered the 50th day of a hunger strike and is in critical condition.
    (AP, 12/8/06)
2006        Dec 8, PM Tony Blair stoked a simmering debate over religious tolerance and cultural assimilation, saying it was the duty of all immigrants to integrate into British society.
    (AP, 12/8/06)
2006        Dec 8, Government forces in the Central African Republic, bolstered by French and African support, recaptured the northeastern town of Sam Ouandja from rebels without incident.
    (AFP, 12/9/06)
2006        Dec 8, China launched its Fengyun-2D weather satellite. Its priority mission was forecasting weather for the 2008 Olympics.
    (Econ, 12/16/06, p.42)
2006        Dec 8, Former San Francisco Giants shortstop Jose Uribe was killed in a car crash in his native Dominican Republic.
    (AP, 12/8/06)
2006        Dec 8, The Commonwealth Ministerial Action Group announced Fiji is to be immediately suspended from the Commonwealth following a military coup there earlier this week. The Commonwealth of Nations is a successor to the British Empire and brings together some 53 nations, around a third of the world's countries and a quarter of the world's population.
    (AP, 12/8/06)
2006        Dec 8, In Finland officials said alcohol is now the leading killer of Finnish adults, with consumption reaching an all-time high last year.
    (AP, 12/9/06)
2006        Dec 8, US-led coalition forces killed 20 insurgents, including two women, in fighting and airstrikes that targeted al-Qaida in Iraq militants northwest of Baghdad. The final death toll in the US attack on the Sunni village of al-Ishaqi in Salahuddin province stood at 8 children, 7 women and 4 men. Key Iraqi officials and others familiar with the flow of cash were reported to have said that private Saudi citizens are giving millions of dollars to Sunni insurgents in Iraq and much of the money was used to buy weapons, including shoulder fired anti-aircraft missiles. At least 47 Iraqis were killed or found dead, including 25 who were struck in a mortar attack that night on a poor Shiite neighborhood on the outskirts of Baghdad.
    (AP, 12/8/06)(AP, 12/9/06)
2006        Dec 8, Israeli police captured Benny Sela (35), an escaped serial rapist in northern Israel, ending a two-week saga that caused nationwide panic.
    (AP, 12/8/06)
2006        Dec 8, In Madagascar police searched the property of former President Albert Zafy as part of an ongoing investigation into the whereabouts of Gen. Randrianafidisoa and opposition politician Pety Rakotoniaina.
    (AP, 12/9/06)
2006        Dec 8, In Mexico more than 100 prisoners escaped from a state penitentiary a few miles from Cancun's resort zone after hundreds of inmates overpowered guards with knives and bats. Police quickly recaptured most of the men, but there were still 17 at large. More than 250 federal police agents surrounded the offices of the Oaxaca state police force and seized its weapons to determine whether any were used in shootings during six months of demonstrations in Oaxaca City. Assailants shot dead an Indian activist in Mexico's conflict-ridden state of Oaxaca. The bullet-ridden corpse of Raul Marcial Perez was found on a road near the Mixtec Indian community of Agua Fria about 120 miles north of Oaxaca City.
    (AP, 12/9/06)(AP, 12/10/06)
2006        Dec 8, A Nigerian court ruled that Vice President Atiku Abubakar’s suspension from the dominant political party was unconstitutional, potentially clearing the way for him to run for president on the party's ticket in the upcoming election.
    (AP, 12/8/06)
2006        Dec 8, The MAP news agency said Qatar will invest 335 million dollars in tourist development schemes in the northern Moroccan city of Tangiers.
    (AFP, 12/8/06)
2006        Dec 8, Palestinian PM Ismail Haniyeh told thousands of Iranians that his Hamas-led government will never recognize Israel and will continue to fight for the "liberation of Jerusalem."
    (AP, 12/8/06)
2006        Dec 8, In Moscow local media said Andrei Lugovoy, a second Russian businessman who met murdered ex-spy Alexander Litvinenko on the day he fell ill, is now sick from radiation poisoning.
    (AP, 12/8/06)
2006        Dec 8, Vojislav Seselj, a Serb war crimes suspect, ended his nearly monthlong hunger strike after UN Yugoslav tribunal judges allowed him to conduct his own defense.
    (AP, 12/8/06)
2006        Dec 8, Singapore awarded its second casino resort contract to Genting International, whose $3.38 billion proposal promises to lure family tourists with a Universal Studios theme park and a huge outdoor marine park.
    (AP, 12/8/06)
2006        Dec 8, Sheik Sharif Sheik Ahmed, a top Islamic official, said that militiamen are fighting Ethiopian troops in Dinsor, a southern Somalia town. He called on Somalis to defeat "the enemies who have invaded our land."
    (AP, 12/8/06)
2006        Dec 8, In Basel, Switzerland, a 3.4 magnitude tremor was accidentally triggered by engineers drilling deep into the Earth's crust to tap its inner heat, in the world's search for new sources of energy.
    (AP, 8/4/07)

2006        Dec 9, The US Congress gave its final approval to landmark legislation allowing export of civilian nuclear fuel and technology to India for the first time in 30 years. Congress also gave final approval to open 8.3 million acres of federal waters west of Florida to oil and gas drilling.
    (AFP, 12/9/06)(SFC, 12/9/06, p.A1)
2006        Dec 9, The US Space Shuttle Discovery was launched from the Kennedy Space Center, Florida, with 7 international crew members aboard on a mission to the International Space Station.
    (AFP, 12/10/06)
2006        Dec 9, Ohio State quarterback Troy Smith won the Heisman Trophy.
    (AP, 12/9/07)
2006        Dec 9, Singer Georgia Gibbs (87), who had reached the top of the charts in the 1950s, died in New York City.
    (AP, 12/9/07)
2006        Dec 9, Martin Nodell (91), the creator of Green Lantern, the comic book superhero who uses his magical ring to help him fight crime, died in Wisconsin. The first Green Lantern appearance came in July 1940, an eight-page story in a comic book also featuring other characters. The character then got his own series, and Nodell drew it until 1947 under the name Mart Dellon. After its cancellation in 1949, the series was reborn in 1959 with a revised story line, and it has been revived several times.
    (AP, 12/12/06)
2006        Dec 9, In Afghanistan Taliban militants, following up on a death threat, broke into a house overnight in the Narang district of eastern Kunar province, and fatally shot two teachers and 3 other family members, bringing to 20 the number of educators slain in attacks this year. The top US anti-drug official said that Afghan poppies would be sprayed with herbicide to combat an opium trade that produced a record heroin haul this year, a measure likely to anger farmers and scare Afghans unfamiliar with weed killers. Afghan opium production this year increased 49% over 2005 and was providing 92% of the world supply.
    (AP, 12/9/06)(AP, 12/10/06)(Econ, 12/2/06, p.47)
2006        Dec 9, In Bolivia South American leaders called for greater continental unity as they opened a two-day summit that drew the region's new wave of leftist leaders. They agreed to create a high-level commission to study the idea of forming a continent-wide community similar to the European Union.
    (AP, 12/9/06)
2006        Dec 9, Freddy Munoz (36), a Colombian journalist, was charged with rebellion and terrorism for a series of bombings in 2002, a move his news channel said was in response to his reporting on human rights violations. Munoz worked for the news channel Telesur, which is majority owned by the Venezuelan government of President Hugo Chavez.
    (AP, 12/9/06)
2006        Dec 9, German police found traces of radiation in two buildings linked to a Russian businessman who met the murdered ex-spy Alexander Litvinenko in London on the day he fell ill. Radiation traces were found overnight in an apartment belonging to Dmitry Kovtun's ex-wife in the northern city of Hamburg. Kovtun is now in hospital.
    (AP, 12/9/06)
2006        Dec 9, Iraq's influential Association of Muslim Scholars and the country's largest Sunni Arab political party condemned a deadly US military attack they say killed civilians in the predominantly Sunni village of al-Ishaqi in Salahuddin province. A suicide car bomb struck near a Shiite shrine, killing at least five people. A suicide car bomb exploded outside of the Al-Abbas shrine in Karbala killing five Iraqis with 44 wounded. Outgoing Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld paid a surprise visit to Iraq and said American forces should not quit the war until the enemy is defeated. Gunmen attacked two Shiite homes in western Baghdad, killing 10 people. A nephew of Saddam Hussein serving a life sentence for making bombs for Iraq's insurgency escaped from prison in northern Iraq.
    (AP, 12/9/06)(AP, 12/10/06)
2006        Dec 9, Nigeria’s governing party suspended gubernatorial primaries in at least two of 36 states following candidate protests and violent clashes.
    (AP, 12/10/06)
2006        Dec 9, Typhoon Utor, the 2nd to hit the Philippines in two weeks, made landfall forcing the evacuation of thousands in Eastern Samar province where hundreds died in the last storm. Typhoon Utor killed at least 5 people.
    (AP, 12/9/06)(Reuters, 12/10/06)
2006        Dec 9, Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas said he would dismiss the parliament and call early elections to end a political impasse with Hamas, but left open the possibility of a compromise with the Islamic militant group, PLO.
    (AP, 12/9/06)
2006        Dec 9, A suspicious fire combined with a blocked exit turned the women's ward of a Moscow drug treatment hospital into a deathtrap as flames and smoke overcame patients while they struggled to get out. At least 45 women were killed.
    (AP, 12/9/06)
2006        Dec 9, Tiger rebels said artillery duels in northeast Sri Lanka had killed at least 45 people, including 15 civilians and 30 government soldiers, after a Norwegian peace bid failed.
    (AFP, 12/9/06)
2006        Dec 9, UN Special Envoy Stephen Lewis said South Africa had made "a breakthrough" on AIDS after sidelining its controversial health minister and unveiling a new program for helping people with HIV. Health Minister Manto Tshabalala-Msimang contended that eating a mixture of garlic and vegetables can fight HIV.
    (AFP, 12/9/06)
2006        Dec 9, In Sudan militiamen on horseback ambushed a refugee convoy in Sirba in western Darfur, killing 22 civilians. The governor of West Darfur said the attack was carried out by rebel groups who refused to sign the May peace agreement.
    (AFP, 12/10/06)
2006        Dec 9, Taiwan's ruling party narrowly won a crucial mayoral election in one southern city, while the opposition candidate won comfortably in the capital of Taipei in a pair of votes seen by many as a referendum for President Chen Shui-bian.
    (AP, 12/9/06)
2006        Dec 9, In Thailand a police informant who survived two attacks by suspected Muslim insurgents was killed in a drive-by shooting in the restive south.
    (AP, 12/9/06)
2006        Dec 9, In Turkey the state-run Anatolia news agency reported that police had detained 10 suspected al-Qaida militants, including a lawyer who identified himself as the group's leader.
    (AP, 12/9/06)
2006        Dec 9, It was reported that Lake Victoria, the greatest of Africa's Great Lakes and the biggest freshwater body after Lake Superior, has dropped fast, at least six feet in the past three years. The Uganda government cited the outflow through two hydroelectric dams at Jinja as part of the problem along with drought and rising temperatures. At 27,000 square miles the lake matched size of Ireland.
    (AP, 12/9/06)

2006        Dec 10, Boston opened its new $41 million Institute of Contemporary Art, designed by Diller Scofidio + Renfro architects.
    (SFC, 12/5/06, p.F3)
2006        Dec 10, The oil-rich Arab states on the Persian Gulf said that they will consider starting a joint nuclear program for peaceful purposes. The six-nation Gulf Cooperation Council included Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Bahrain and Oman.
    (AP, 12/10/06)
2006        Dec 10, In Algeria assailants hurled a bomb and shot at two vehicles transporting employees in the town of Bouchaoui, 9 miles west of Algiers. The Salafist Group for Call and Combat, known by its French acronym GSPC, claimed responsibility for the attack.
    (AP, 12/11/06)
2006        Dec 10, More than 3,000 firefighters battled some of Australia's worst wildfires in 70 years, as flames fanned by strong winds and searing temperatures destroyed one home and threatened dozens more.
    (AP, 12/10/06)
2006        Dec 10, In Chile Gen. Augusto Pinochet (b.1915) died dashing hopes of victims of his regime's abuses that he would be brought to justice. He overthrew Chile's democratically elected Marxist president in a bloody coup and for 17 years.
    (AP, 12/10/06)
2006        Dec 10, The military regime announced a crackdown on critics of Fiji's coup, just hours after a house that had become a rallying point for those wanting a return to democracy was ransacked by unknown assailants.
    (AP, 12/10/06)
2006        Dec 10, Iraqi President Jalal Talabani said the Iraq Study Group report offered dangerous recommendations that would undermine his country's sovereignty and were "an insult to the people of Iraq." Gunmen killed nine members of two Shi'ite families in Baghdad. Omar Abdul-Sattar, a member of the Sunni Arab Iraqi Islamic Party, said that an organized effort was under way in the Hurriyah neighborhood of Baghdad to force Sunnis out. Anti-American cleric Muqtada al-Sadr sharply criticized PM Nouri al-Maliki's government and once again demanded that all foreign troops leave the country.
    (AP, 12/10/06)(Reuters, 12/10/06)
2006        Dec 10, Tenor Roberto Alagna walked out of a performance of Verdi's "Aida" at Italy's famed La Scala opera house when the audience booed his rendition of the aria "Celeste Aida."
    (AP, 12/10/07)
2006        Dec 10, Thousands of Hezbollah-led protesters gathered in downtown Beirut, demanding PM Fuad Saniora cede some power to the opposition or step down.
    (AP, 12/10/06)
2006        Dec 10, Leonel Cota, president of the Democratic Revolution Party (PRD), Mexico's largest leftist party, led thousands of protesters in a march to the center Oaxaca, demanding the resignation of the state governor and the withdrawal of thousands of federal police.
    (AP, 12/11/06)
2006        Dec 10, In Romania more than 6,000 inmates at 24 prisons took part in hunger strikes and other protests to demand amnesty and better living conditions.
    (AP, 12/10/06)
2006        Dec 10, In Siberia 9 patients of a clinic for the mentally ill died in a fire.
    (AP, 12/10/06)
2006        Dec 10, In Sri Lanka some 3,000 civilians fled the northeast as heavy artillery duels over the last 2 days killed more than 110 people, including 41 civilians. 24 soldiers were killed and 69 wounded in artillery and mortar battle with the insurgents in the eastern Batticaloa district. 40 rebels were also killed.
    (AFP, 12/10/06)(AP, 12/11/06)

2006        Dec 11, US Military experts gave Pres. Bush a dire assessment of the war in Iraq, but shared a skeptical view of the recent Iraq Study Group report.
    (SFC, 12/12/06, p.A1)
2006        Dec 11, Scientists from IBM, Macronix and Qimonda said they developed a material that made "phase-change" memory 500 to 1,000 times faster than the commonly-used "flash" memory, while using half as much power. Intel said it would introduce products in 2007. Samsung said it expected to introduce products in 2008.
    (AFP, 12/11/06)(SFC, 12/12/06, p.B3)
2006        Dec 11, Siemens, a German conglomerate, filed papers with the SEC to account for some $265 million siphoned out of secret bank accounts in Liechtenstein, Austria and Switzerland.
    (Econ, 12/16/06, p.65)
2006        Dec 11, The Hague-based Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) said it has granted the US and Russia a five-year extension to the 2007 deadline for destroying their chemical weapon stockpiles. The Chemicals Weapons Convention which went into effect in April 1997. Extensions were also granted to India and Libya as well as one country that requested anonymity.
    (AP, 12/11/06)
2006        Dec 11, After a two-day journey, space shuttle Discovery reached the international space station for a weeklong stay.
    (AP, 12/11/07)
2006        Dec 11, In Azerbaijan authorities said they would allow a top independent TV station back on the air, but warned that it would have to bid for a broadcasting license next year.
    (AP, 12/11/06)
2006        Dec 11, Four advisers to Bangladesh's interim government resigned as soldiers patrolled towns and cities to try to end weeks of often-violent protests.
    (AP, 12/11/06)
2006        Dec 11, In Britain fears mounted that a serial killer could be at large after the naked corpse of a third prostitute was found within weeks near Ipswich, and a fourth sex worker went missing. The first two murdered women went missing in the red light district of Ipswich, near the eastern coast of England, on November 15 and October 30 respectively.
    (AFP, 12/11/06)
2006        Dec 11, Four British soldiers admitted charges relating to an alleged plot to smuggle guns out of Iraq to sell them for cash in Germany, as they appeared at a court martial.
    (AP, 12/11/06)
2006        Dec 11, China's banking industry officially opened to full foreign competition, a landmark for the country's financial sector and a day of reckoning for the country's mostly state-owned banks.
    (AP, 12/9/06)
2006        Dec 11, European Union foreign ministers decided to suspend 8 out of 35  parts of entry talks with Turkey over Ankara's refusal to open its ports to trade with EU member Cyprus.
    (AP, 12/11/06)(Econ, 12/16/06, p.53)
2006        Dec 11, Fiji's military regime banished ousted Prime Minister Laisenia Qarase from the capital and warned that open opposition to the takeover would be met with force.
    (AP, 12/11/06)
2006        Dec 11, German investigators confirmed that a car used by Russian businessman Dmitry Kovtun, a contact of fatally poisoned ex-spy Alexander Litvinenko before the two men met, was contaminated with the rare radioactive substance polonium-210.
    (AP, 12/11/06)
2006        Dec 11, In Indonesia Irwandi Yusuf, a former GAM rebel leader, headed to easy victory in the first elections in Aceh province since the government and the separatists signed a peace deal in the tsunami-ravaged region last year.
    (AP, 12/11/06)(Econ, 12/16/06, p.40)
2006        Dec 11, Iran opened a Holocaust conference that it said would examine whether the genocide took place.
    (AP, 12/11/06)
2006        Dec 11, Iran promised $250 million to Palestine’s Hamas-led government.
    (WSJ, 12/12/06, p.A1)
2006        Dec 11, Iraqi soldiers rushed to Ghazaliyah, a primarily Sunni area of west Baghdad, to free 23 Iraqis right after they were taken hostage at a checkpoint set up by suspected Shiite militiamen. One terrorist was killed and 4 others arrested. Three explosions struck Baghdad within a span of two hours, after a roadside bomb in the capital killed 3 US soldiers and wounded two on a late-night patrol. A parked car bomb detonated near al-Maamoun college in western Baghdad, killing one student and wounding two others and two policemen. A suicide car bomb hit an abandoned house being used by policemen as an outpost in Dora killing one policeman and wounding five. In Baghdad 3 mortar rounds killed four people and wounded 15, and gunmen stole $1 million from a bank truck and kidnapped its four guards. 3 policemen and four civilians were gunned down in a village near Kirkuk. A huge fire broke out at an oil storage facility after explosions in a volatile area south of Baghdad. At least 66 people were killed or found dead across Iraq. They included 46 men who were bound, blindfolded and shot to death in Baghdad.
    (AP, 12/11/06)(AP, 12/12/06)
2006        Dec 11, The Netherlands ended transmission of "free to air" analog television, becoming the first nation to switch completely to digital signals.
    (AP, 12/11/06)
2006        Dec 11, Palestinian gunmen killed three young sons of a senior Palestinian intelligence officer, pumping dozens of bullets into their car as it passed through a street crowded with schoolchildren in an apparent botched assassination attempt that could ignite widespread factional fighting.
    (AP, 12/11/06)
2006        Dec 11, Two Rwandan ex-soldiers told a panel probing alleged French complicity in the 1994 massacres that France armed and trained members of the Interahamwe militia, a radical militia blamed for most of the killings in Rwanda's 1994 genocide.
    (AFP, 12/11/06)
2006        Dec 11, More than 30 prominent Islamic clerics from Saudi Arabia called on Sunni Muslims around the Middle East to support their brethren in Iraq against Shiites and praised the insurgency.
    (AP, 12/12/06)
2006        Dec 11, Official sources said the Sudanese government has approved a budget of 11.7 billion dollars for 2007 and is targeting a growth rate of 10%. Rebels in Sudan's western region of Darfur said a government warplane killed eight civilians, mostly children, in a northern village.
    (AP, 12/11/06)(Reuters, 12/12/06)
2006        Dec 11, In Turkey a boiler explosion knocked down part of a five-story building housing military families in Diyarbakir, killing at least four people and trapping about four others.
    (AP, 12/11/06)
2006        Dec 11, In his farewell address, UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan criticized the Bush administration's leadership on the global stage, warning that America must not sacrifice its democratic ideals while waging war against terrorism.
    (AP, 12/11/07)
2006        Dec 11, UN officials said Israel has blocked a UN fact-finding mission to the Gaza Strip that was to be led by Nobel Laureate Desmond Tutu. Israeli Foreign Ministry spokesman Mark Regev said that no final decision has been made.
    (AP, 12/11/06)
2006        Dec 11, Zimbabwe said its inflation spiral had risen to 1,098.8 percent last month, a 28.6% hike, as experts cast doubts on state efforts to slash it to the three-digit level. The inflation rate peaked at 1,204.6% in August. Zimbabwe clinched a deal to export 5,000 tons of beef to Hong Kong from next year, the first such long-distance order in five years.
    (AFP, 12/11/06)

2006        Dec 12, A US immigration sweep of 6 Swift meat plants resulted in nearly 1,300 arrests of illegal immigrants. The action culminated a 10-month investigation targeting the use of stolen social security numbers.
    (Reuters, 12/13/06)(SFC, 12/13/06, p.A13)(WSJ, 12/20/06, p.B1)
2006        Dec 12, In Texas former Congressman Ciro Rodriguez defeated seven-term Republican Henry Bonilla in a runoff election, adding another Democrat to Congress.
    (AP, 12/13/06)
2006        Dec 12, Online political groups, the Campaign to Defend the Constitution and the Christian Alliance for Progress, demanded that Wal-Mart dump Left Behind: Eternal Forces, a new computer game in which players must either kill or convert non-Christians.
    (SFC, 12/12/06, p.A1)
2006        Dec 12, The Nasdaq Stock Market Inc. formally launched its hostile $5.3 billion takeover bid for the London Stock Exchange Group PLC, which promptly reiterated that the offer is too low and urged its shareholders to take no action on it.
    (AP, 12/12/06)
2006        Dec 12, Peter Boyle (71), the actor who played the hilariously grouchy father on "Everybody Loves Raymond," died. His films “Joe" (1970), "Young Frankenstein" (1974) and “Taxi Driver" (1976).
    (AP, 12/14/06)
2006        Dec 12, Alan Shugart, disk drive pioneer, died in Monterey, Ca. Shugart led a team of IBM engineers in 1969 that developed the floppy disk and went on to found Shugart Associates. In 1979 he co-founded Seagate Technology.
    (SFC, 12/14/06, p.B5)
2006        Dec 12, A new environmental report said fertilizer and sediment runoff from sugarcane, banana and pineapple plantations are threatening tourism by damaging a coral reef stretching along the Caribbean coasts of Mexico, Belize, Guatemala and Honduras.
    (AP, 12/13/06)
2006        Dec 12, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber blew himself up at the governor's compound in southern Helmand province, killing 8 people, including 6 policemen and 2 civilians. In eastern Afghanistan 4 "military-aged males" and a girl (13) were killed in a raid by Afghan and US-led coalition forces. 8 suspected Taliban militants were killed and a policeman wounded in a joint operation by the Afghan police and army in western Farah province.
    (AP, 12/12/06)(AP, 12/14/06)
2006        Dec 12, In Belarus Alexander Kozulin, a jailed former opposition presidential candidate, ended a hunger strike after refusing food for 54 days.
    (AP, 12/12/06)
2006        Dec 12, In southeastern Brazil a couple and their 5-year-old son were tied up, locked in their car and burned to death during a robbery.
    (AP, 12/12/06)
2006        Dec 12, British detectives hunting a serial killer who preys on prostitutes discovered two more bodies in Ipswich, bringing the total number of victims to five.
    (AP, 12/12/06)
2006        Dec 12, China’s state press reported that Liu Zhihua (57), a former Beijing vice mayor in charge of 2008 Olympic construction projects, was ousted from the ruling Communist Party for graft and faces judicial prosecution.
    (AFP, 12/12/06)
2006        Dec 12, Czech president Vaclav Klaus pledged to forge closer ties with Prague's biggest African trade partner as he became the first leader from the eastern European nation to visit South Africa.
    (AP, 12/12/06)
2006        Dec 12, Eritrea said it aims to become the 1st country in the world to turn its entire coast into an environmentally protected zone to ensure balanced and sustainable development.
    (AFP, 12/12/06)
2006        Dec 12, Ethiopia’s former dictator Mengistu Haile Mariam, in exile in Zimbabwe since 1992, was convicted of genocide and other charges in a rare case of an African strongman being held to account by his own country.
    (AP, 12/12/06)
2006        Dec 12, A UN-backed commission, the Int’l. Commission Against Impunity in Guatemala (CICIG), was established to investigate rampant organized crime in Guatemala, which authorities said has become a key point of transit for smugglers bringing drugs into the US.
    (AP, 12/12/06)(Econ, 3/13/10, p.39)
2006        Dec 12, A two-day conference questioning the existence of the Nazi Holocaust ended in Tehran.
    (AP, 12/12/07)
2006        Dec 12, In Iraq 2 car bombs targeting day laborers looking for work exploded within seconds of each other on a main square in central Baghdad, killing at least 63 people and wounding scores. A television cameraman working for The Associated Press was shot to death by insurgents while covering clashes in Mosul.
    (AP, 12/12/06)
2006        Dec 12, Malaysia's twelfth king, Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin (63), stepped down from his post after a five-year reign to make way for the next monarch in a send-off steeped in color and tradition.
    (AP, 12/12/06)
2006        Dec 12, Mexico's new president launched his first major offensive against drug gangs, sending more than 6,500 federal forces to Michoacan, his violence-plagued home state, to crack down on turf wars that have left hundreds dead in a wave of execution-style killings and beheadings. The body of Luis Felipe Zavala, cousin of Mexico's first lady Margarita Zavala, was found in his minivan in the city of Naucalpan in Mexico State.
    (AP, 12/12/06)(AP, 12/14/06)
2006        Dec 12, Hamas gunmen fired on demonstrators from the rival Fatah movement, wounding four people and intensifying fears of a new wave of Palestinian infighting.
    (AP, 12/12/06)
2006        Dec 12, In Rwanda an ex-Interahamwe member said that he had participated in transporting weapons from a French military plane in the former Zaire, now Democratic Republic of Congo, to the north Rwanda province of Gisenyi during the 1994 genocide. Witness #4 told a Rwandan commission that French troops raped women fleeing militia gangs during the African country's 1994 genocide.
    (AFP, 12/12/06)(Reuters, 12/13/06)
2006        Dec 12, Russia's Gazprom closed in on half of Royal Dutch Shell's $22 billion Sakhalin-2 energy project while Shell denied it had buckled under Kremlin pressure and warned Moscow the world was watching.
    (AP, 12/12/06)(WSJ, 12/12/06, p.A3)
2006        Dec 12, Somalia’s PM Ali Mohamed Gedi said thousands of Islamic militants have surrounded Baidoa, the only town the internationally recognized government controls, as a top Islamic official promised to attack within a week unless Ethiopian troops leave.
    (AP, 12/12/06)
2006        Dec 12, South Korea opened the world's largest garbage-fuelled power plant and expects to reduce its imports of heavy oil by 500,000 barrels a year as a result. South Korea currently relies heavily on nuclear power plants which supply 40% of demand.
    (AFP, 12/13/06)
2006        Dec 12, Hundreds of Spanish police and security officials arrested at least 11 suspected Islamic militants in pre-dawn raids in Ceuta, a tiny Spanish enclave on Morocco's coast.
    (AP, 12/12/06)
2006        Dec 12, In St. Vincent Sean Samuel beheaded Stacy Wilson, a 21-year-old woman, in front of horrified onlookers at a bus terminal in Kingstown.
    (AP, 12/13/06)
2006        Dec 12, The UN inquiry into the assassination of former Lebanese Prime Minister Rafik Hariri said it has now identified suspects and witnesses and found possible links to 14 other murders or attempted murders in Lebanon in the last two years.
    (AP, 12/12/06)

2006        Dec 12, President Bush held high-level talks at the Pentagon, after which he said he would "not be rushed" into a decision on a strategy change for Iraq.
    (AP, 12/13/07)
2006        Dec 13, Jeffrey Skilling reported to a low-security prison in Minnesota to begin serving a 24-year sentence for his crimes as a top executive at Enron Corp.
    (SFC, 12/14/06, p.A11)
2006        Dec 13, Angel Nieves Diaz (55) was executed by lethal injection in Florida for the 1979 murder of the manager of a Miami topless bar. Diaz required a 2nd dose and took 34 minutes to die due to liver disease. The case roused death penalty opponents.
    (SFC, 12/15/06, p.A4)
2006        Dec 13, Idaho officials tested tissue samples to find out why more than 1,000 mallard ducks have died along Land Springs Creek near Oakley, about 180 miles southeast of Boise.
    (AP, 12/13/06)
2006        Dec 13, Richard Carlson (45), a SF Bay Area psychotherapist and author, died on a flight from SF to NY. His books included “Don’t Sweat the Small Stuff" and 30 other motivational books.
    (SFC, 12/16/06, p.B1)
2006        Dec 12, Lamar Hunt (74), the owner of football's Kansas City Chiefs who coined the term "Super Bowl," died in Dallas.
    (AP, 12/13/07)
2006        Dec 13, Peter McColough (b.1922), former CEO of Xerox (1968-1982), died. He funded the fabled Palo Alto Research Center (PARC) in 1969.
    (WSJ, 12/23/06, p.A6)
2006        Dec 13, NATO said there were some Taliban casualties in southern Afghanistan when NATO troops launched a "precision air strike against a known Taliban command post" in an isolated area of the Panjwayi district of Kandahar province.
    (AP, 12/14/06)
2006        Dec 13, A fictional TV program in Belgium incited viewers as it depicted a faux active revolt in Flanders.
    (SFC, 12/15/06, p.A23)
2006        Dec 13, Botswana's High Court ruled that the country's Bushmen were entitled to live and hunt on their ancestral lands in the Central Kalahari Game Reserve, in judgment hailed as victory for the hunters.
    (AP, 12/13/06)
2006        Dec 13, An international expedition declared that a rare, nearly blind white dolphin that survived for millions of years, is effectively extinct after ending a fruitless six-week search of its Yangtze River habitat.
    (AP, 12/13/06)
2006        Dec 13, The parliament of Gambia, one of the world's poorest countries, passed a law to give former presidents free foreign holidays, cars and personal staff for life after they leave office. 60% of Gambia’s people live on less than $1 (50 pence) a day.
    (AP, 12/13/06)
2006        Dec 13, In Haiti gunmen abducted 10 children after hijacking a school bus and another car in brazen daylight assaults. 7 of the children were released the next day.
    (AP, 12/14/06)(AP, 12/15/06)
2006        Dec 13, Indian PM Manmohan Singh started a visit to Japan to seek support from the major civilian atomic power for the controversial US-India nuclear cooperation pact.
    (AP, 12/13/06)
2006        Dec 13, A car bomb exploded near a crowded bus stop in eastern Baghdad during morning rush hour, killing 11 people and wounding 27. In northern Iraq 2 suicide car bombers attacked an Iraqi army base, killing four soldiers and wounding 10. A car bomb killed two policemen who were trying to defuse it in Sadr City.
    (AP, 12/13/06)(AP, 12/14/06)
2006        Dec 13, Israel's Supreme Court ruled that some Palestinians injured by the Israeli military may sue the state for compensation, a decision hailed as groundbreaking by an Arab civil rights group but condemned by right-wing Israeli lawmakers as damaging to the country's security.
    (AP, 12/12/06)
2006        Dec 13, Jordanian and Iraqi interior ministers and their security officials met to coordinate plans and share intelligence on terrorist groups such as al-Qaida, which has staged devastating attacks in both states.
    (AP, 12/13/06)
2006        Dec 13, In Laos more than 400 members of the Hmong hill tribe minority, on the run for decades from the communist government, surrendered to the authorities there.
    (AP, 12/13/06)
2006        Dec 13, Malaysia's unique revolving monarchy was passed to Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin (44), the youthful sultan of oil-rich Terengganu state. Mizan was a keen rider who has represented his country at international equestrian events.
    (AFP, 12/13/06)
2006        Dec 13, A group of about 300 Mazahua Indians briefly seized a water treatment plant on Mexico City's western outskirts and temporarily cut off one of the main sources of water for the metropolis of 18 million people. The protest was motivated by demands for more government development aid. The government teamed up with doctors, academics and a US-based drug company to announce a campaign to reduce the number of smokers in Mexico by more than 10 percent in three years.
    (AP, 12/14/06)
2006        Dec 13, Palestinian gunmen forced a Hamas commander to his knees and shot him to death outside the courthouse where he worked as an Islamic judge, escalating factional tensions in the Gaza Strip. Palestinian PM Ismail Haniyeh cut short his trip to Sudan.
    (AP, 12/13/06)
2006        Dec 13, In Peru a passenger bus slammed into an oncoming truck on mountain curve and plunged into a river in Amazonas state, killing at least 21 people and injuring 30.
    (AP, 12/13/06)
2006        Dec 13, Security forces shot dead at least six Tamil Tiger rebels during a confrontation in Sri Lanka's restive eastern province.
    (AFP, 12/14/06)
2006        Dec 13, Syria said it has admitted more than 800,000 Iraqis who have fled the violence in their country.
    (AP, 12/13/06)
2006        Dec 13, Two Laotian-American men were shot to death at a bus station in northeastern Thailand after returning from a trip to Laos. Thai police said they suspect a political connection to the killings.
    (AP, 12/14/06)
2006        Dec 13, A UN court trying leaders of Rwanda's 1994 genocide jailed a former Catholic priest for 15 years for ordering bulldozers to level a church, sparking the death of 2,000 people hiding inside.
    (AP, 12/13/06)

2006        Dec 14, President George W. Bush named eight more countries to receive US assistance for malaria prevention and treatment in Africa, where the disease kills a million people a year, and asked Europeans to do more to help.
    (Reuters, 12/14/06)
2006        Dec 14, A US blue-ribbon panel on education recommended a radical overhaul that would include ending high school at Grade 10.
    (WSJ, 12/15/06, p.A1)
2006        Dec 14, Cisco Systems Inc. announced a $50 million investment in the newly public China Communications Services Corporation Ltd., making the US network-equipment maker the largest foreign investor in CCS.
    (AP, 12/14/06)
2006        Dec 14, Ahmet Ertegun (83), the founder of Atlantic Records, died. He helped define American music on the label that popularized the gritty R&B of Ray Charles, the classic soul of Aretha Franklin and the British rock of the Rolling Stones. In 2011 Robert Greenfield authored “The Last Sultan: The Life and Times of Ahmet Ertegun."
    (AP, 12/15/06)(SSFC, 11/27/11, p.F4)
2006        Dec 14, Actor Mike Evans (57), who'd played Lionel Jefferson on "All in the Family" and "The Jeffersons," died in Twentynine Palms, Calif.
    (AP, 12/14/07)
2006        Dec 14, In southern Afghanistan a suicide bomber blew himself up on a crowded street near a police vehicle outside the city of Qalat, killing four civilians and wounding 25 people.
    (AP, 12/14/06)
2006        Dec 14, Australian flag carrier and national icon Qantas accepted an increased 11.1-billion-dollar (8.7 billion US) offer from a private equity group, a day after rejecting a lower bid.
    (AP, 12/14/06)
2006        Dec 14, Australia and France signed an agreement on military cooperation designed to enhance their ability to work together.
    (AFP, 12/14/06)
2006        Dec 14, The king of Bhutan, Jigme Singye Wangchuck (51), signed a royal decree giving charge of the kingdom to Crown Prince Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck (26) at a special session of the Bhutanese Cabinet in the capital, Thimphu. This was more than a year ahead of schedule.
    (AP, 12/16/06)
2006        Dec 14, Botswana's government accepted a court order to allow the Bushmen, the nation's last hunter-gatherers, to live on their ancestral lands. But at the same time, officials imposed tough conditions likely to prevent most or all from returning to the central Kalahari. In 2009 6 Bushmen were convicted of illegally hunting gemsbok and eland in the Central Kalahari Game Reserve, where no licenses have issued since 2001.
    (AP, 12/14/06)(Econ, 8/8/09, p.44)
2006        Dec 14, A British police inquiry concluded that the deaths of Princess Diana and her boyfriend in a 1997 Paris car crash were a "tragic accident" and that allegations of murder are unfounded. Britain’s Serious Fraud Office (SFO) announced that it would be dropping its 2-year inquiry into bribes that may or may not have been paid by BAE Systems to secure contracts in Saudi Arabia.
    (AP, 12/14/06)(Econ, 12/23/06, p.18)
2006        Dec 14, In Egypt police arrested Mohammed Khayrat el-Shater, the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood's chief strategist, and at least 140 others in a crackdown after a protest by uniformed students raised fears the Islamist political group is creating a military wing.
    (AP, 12/14/06)
2006        Dec 14, In Georgia the last train carrying military hardware and property owned by units of the Group of Russian Troops left the Tbilisi garrison for Armenia. The last of Russia’s servicemen were to leave the next day. This ended a 200-year-old Russian presence in Tbilisi.
    (www.interfax.ru/e/B/politics/28.html?id_issue=11647105)
2006        Dec 14, In India a government minister said ten million girls have been killed by their parents in India in the past 20 years, either before they were born or immediately after. A recent UNICEF report said 7,000 fewer girls are born each day than population models would indicate due to sex-selected abortions and infanticides.
    (Reuters, 12/14/06)(WSJ, 12/15/06, p.A1)
2006        Dec 14, Gunmen in military uniforms kidnapped 50-70 people from a major commercial area in central Baghdad, the second mass abduction in the capital in a month. Gunmen stormed a boys' school in the southwestern Alam neighborhood, killing a Shiite guard. 2 US Marines were reported killed in fighting in Anbar province. US-led forces captured a senior al-Qaida leader who was responsible for hundreds of civilian deaths and housed foreign fighters who carried out suicide bombings.
    (AP, 12/14/06)(AP, 12/15/06)(AP, 12/20/06)
2006        Dec 14, Israel ordered the Rafah crossing closed to keep PM Haniyeh from bringing in an estimated $35 million he had collected abroad to help alleviate the Palestinian financial crisis. Israeli officials said Haniyeh could return to Gaza without the money, which it said was to be used for terror attacks. Haniyeh left the funds in Egypt. When Haniyeh finally crossed, unidentified men began firing toward him. One of his bodyguards was killed and his son and 26 others were wounded. Fatah-allied Palestinian security officers arrested a Hamas-linked militant in connection with the killing of a security chief's young children. Palestinian militants fired a rocket into Israel at dawn.
    (AP, 12/14/06)(AP, 12/15/06)
2006        Dec 14, Myanmar's military junta has told Red Cross officials that the humanitarian group can reopen field offices that the government had ordered shut in October.
    (AP, 12/15/06)
2006        Dec 14, In Pakistan government critics alleged that Pakistan was providing sanctuary to Taliban militants and had a policy to project Pakistan's power inside Afghanistan.
    (AP, 12/15/06)
2006        Dec 14, South Africa’s cabinet released details of its newly approved codes of good practice for black economic development (BEE). They were mandatory only for government and state-owned companies, but pretty much required for anyone wanting to do business with the state.
    (Econ, 12/23/06, p.99)(www.dispute.co.za/)
2006        Dec 14, South Korea's Ban Ki-moon formally took the reins of the UN as the institution grappled with internal reforms, volatility in the Middle East and international standoffs over the nuclear ambitions of North Korea and Iran.
    (AP, 12/14/06)
2006        Dec 14, Anton Balasingham (68), the top peace negotiator for Sri Lanka's Tamil Tiger rebels, died at his home in London after a battle with cancer.
    (AFP, 12/14/06)
2006        Dec 14, In Tanzania Joseph Nzabirinda (49), a former youth organizer accused in Rwanda's 1994 genocide, pleaded guilty to one count of murder before a UN war crimes court, becoming only the seventh defendant to admit his guilt. Amnesty International expressed serious concern that the court has been one-sided in its prosecutions and decried its proposed transfer of cases to the Rwandan judicial system.
    (AFP, 12/14/06)
2006        Dec 14, Tonga police said they have arrested more than 700 people in connection with a deadly riot that destroyed most of Tonga's capital in November.
    (AP, 12/14/06)

2006        Dec 15, US Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld bid farewell to the Pentagon in a splashy sendoff featuring lavish praise from President Bush.
    (AP, 12/15/07)
2006        Dec 15, The US military published a new army and marines field manual titled “FM 3-24 Counterinsurgency." It said the American army’s main objective is to protect the population rather than kill the enemy.
    (Econ, 12/23/06, p.42)(Econ, 10/3/09, p.55)
2006        Dec 15, New US rules went into effect governing the reporting of public sector pension assets. A number of US states faced pension asset shortfalls. Taxpayers in Connecticut and Rhode Island faced some $3500 in unfunded liabilities per citizen. California faced $49 billion in unfunded pension liabilities.
    (Econ, 11/18/06, p.36)
2006        Dec 15, Beginning in the 2007 tax year, US taxpayers must provide bank records or other information when claiming deductions for charitable donations of money, the Internal Revenue Service said in newly released guidelines.
    (AP, 12/16/06)
2006        Dec 15, Ten US legislators, the largest congressional delegation in years, arrived in Cuba to push for an end to over 4 decades of hostility.
    (SFC, 12/16/06, p.A6)
2006        Dec 15, A federal judge declared California's execution procedure unconstitutional, extending the state’s execution moratorium. Florida Gov. Jeb Bush suspended all executions there after a bungled execution this week. Florida's death row has 374 inmates. California's is the largest, with more than 650 inmates.
    (AP, 12/16/06)(WSJ, 12/16/06, p.A1)
2006        Dec 15, In Indianapolis health officials closed an Olive Garden restaurant after receiving over 300 calls from people who said they had become ill after eating there.
    (SFC, 12/16/06, p.A3)
2006        Dec 15, About 1.5 million homes and businesses in Washington and Oregon had no power after howling windstorms and heavy rains caused at least three deaths, closed two major bridges and sparked flooding.
    (AP, 12/15/06)
2006        Dec 15, Laura Dickinson (22), was found dead in her dorm room at Ypsilanti’s Eastern Michigan Univ. Officials said she died of asphyxiation with no sign of foul play. In February Orange Taylor III was arrested and charged with her murder and family members learned that she had been raped and killed. In July 3 school administrators including the president were ousted for covering up the rape and murder and received $550,000 in combined severance.
    (SFC, 7/17/07, p.A3)(SFC, 7/19/07, p.A5)
2006        Dec 15, In Brazil 5 Rio de Janeiro state police officers, most from one of the city's most violent neighborhoods, were arrested as they arrived at work as part of a probe into drug trafficking.
    (AP, 12/15/06)
2006        Dec 15, President Michelle Bachelet proposed a shake-up of Chile's widely admired but incomplete private social security system, urging a minimum government pension for 1 million elderly Chileans left out of the current program.
    (AP, 12/16/06)
2006        Dec 15, Ecuador recalled its ambassador to Colombia, protesting Bogota's decision to resume aerial coca fumigation along the shared border.
    (AP, 12/15/06)
2006        Dec 15, In Japan PM Shinzo Abe’s government pushed through legislation requiring Japanese schools to encourage patriotism and elevating the Defense Agency to the status of a full ministry for the 1st time since WW II.
    (SFC, 12/16/06, p.A10)
2006        Dec 15, In Kenya 11 African heads of state attending the 2nd International Conference on the Great Lakes Region signed a landmark $2 billion (1.5-billion-euro) security and development pact to forestall fresh violence in the area.
    (AFP, 12/15/06)
2006        Dec 15, In Indonesia a landslide swept over a remote village on Sumatra island before dawn, killing at least 17 people.
    (AP, 12/15/06)
2006        Dec 15, Iranians voted in local council elections that were expected to be a first test of support for hard-line President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad since he took office more than a year ago.
    (AP, 12/15/06)
2006        Dec 15, In Iraq gunmen killed a Shiite tribal sheik linked to British forces in a drive-by shooting in the southern city of Basra. Gunmen in Kut opened fire on a civilian near a bus station, killing him.
    (AP, 12/15/06)
2006        Dec 15, In Beirut Mahmoud Komati, deputy chief of Hezbollah's politburo, said that around 250 members of the guerrilla group were killed in the summer war with Israel, the highest toll acknowledged by the Shiite Muslim movement.
    (AP, 12/15/06)
2006        Dec 15, In Mexico Elias Valencia, a suspected head of the Valencia cartel, was arrested along with four other people at a mountain ranch near the town of Aguililla in Michoacan state.
    (AP, 12/17/06)
2006        Dec 15, Gunmen allied with Hamas and Fatah clashed at a West Bank mosque and in Gaza Strip streets.
    (AP, 12/15/06)
2006        Dec 15, In Nigeria armed men who seized control of a Royal Dutch Shell PLC oil complex overnight fled, taking three Nigerian hostages, shooting a man and forcing the oil giant to halt production at the site.
    (AP, 12/15/06)
2006        Dec 15, In Pakistan a man was killed and 10 others injured in riots that sparked during a strike by public transport operators in Karachi.
    (AFP, 12/15/06)
2006        Dec 15, The UN General Assembly voted overwhelmingly to establish an office to register Palestinian damage claims stemming from Israel's construction of a barrier in the West Bank.
    (AP, 12/16/06)
2006        Dec 15, Russian news agencies reported that Russia will replace single nuclear warheads on some of its strategic missiles with multiple warheads allowing Moscow to modernize its nuclear arsenal while building fewer new missiles and spending less.
    (AP, 12/15/06)
2006        Dec 15, Somalia's president said that peace talks with the country's Islamic movement are no longer an option because the group's leaders have declared war on his government.
    (AP, 12/15/06)
2006        Dec 15, The US and the EU stepped up calls for Sudan to let international troops in to support African Union forces in Darfur amid growing talk of sanctions on Khartoum.
    (AP, 12/15/06)

2006        Dec 16, You were named Time magazine "Person of the Year" for the explosive growth and influence of user-generated Internet content such as blogs, video-file sharing site YouTube and social network MySpace.
    (Reuters, 12/16/06)
2006        Dec 16, Residents of the Pacific Northwest struggled to stay warm after the worst windstorm in more than a decade knocked out power to more than 1.5 million homes and businesses and killed at least six people.
    (AP, 12/16/06)
2006        Dec 16, US-based Westinghouse Electric Co. won a two-year battle for a multibillion-dollar nuclear power deal with China, edging out French and Russian rivals. Stephen Tritch, Westinghouse Electric Co. President and CEO, said the four plant deal was a multi-billion dollar one, but gave no specifics. Past estimates put the deal at $8 billion.
    (AP, 12/16/06)
2006        Dec 16, A rocket carrying two experimental satellites blasted off in the first launch from the mid-Atlantic region's commercial spaceport. The Virginia Commercial Space Flight Authority, a state agency, built the commercial launch pad in 1998 on land leased from NASA's Wallops Flight Facility to try to help bring jobs to the economically depressed Eastern Shore region. Maryland later joined the venture.
    (AP, 12/16/06)
2006        Dec 16, In Kansas City, Missouri, Hersel Isadore (35) killed 6 people including 4 of his children before shooting himself to death.
    (SFC, 12/18/06, p.A4)
2006        Dec 16, Ex-spy Yuri Shvets, who is based in the US, told the BBC that murdered Russian spy Alexander Litvinenko was killed because of an eight-page dossier he had compiled on a powerful Russian figure for a British company. The BBC said the report contained damaging personal details about a "very highly placed member of Putin's administration."
    (AP, 12/16/06)
2006        Dec 16, In Petaluma, Ca., Gibb Theopolis Olivarez Jr. (16) stabbed and wounded Salvador Cucci after demanding that Cucci buy liquor for him. Olivarez fled but was chased down by Nathaniel Reifers (31) of Santa Rosa. Olivarez then stabbed Reifers, who died within minutes. In 2009 Olivarez was sentenced to 11 years in prison.
    (SFC, 12/18/09, p.C3)
2006        Dec 16, Seven Afghan men arrived in their home country, weary, angry and proclaiming their innocence, after years of imprisonment in the US military prison at Guantanamo Bay.
    (AP, 12/16/06)
2006        Dec 16, British PM Tony Blair arrived in Egypt for Middle East peace talks, saying the next few days and weeks would be critical in determining whether Israel and the Palestinians can break their cycle of violence.
    (AP, 12/16/06)
2006        Dec 16, John Rae (b.1931), English novelist and educator, died. In 2009 his diaries were published under the title: “The Old Boys’ Network: A Headmaster’s Diaries 1970-1986."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Rae_(educator))(Econ, 4/25/09, p.87)
2006        Dec 16, In Copenhagen, Denmark, police fired tear gas and detained up to 300 people after protesters attacked them with cobblestones and fireworks during a demonstration against the planned eviction of squatters from a downtown building.
    (AP, 12/16/06)
2006        Dec 16, An Egyptian court denied Bahais the right to state their religion on official documents and described them as pro-Israeli apostates, in a landmark case condemned by rights organizations.
    (AFP, 12/16/06)
2006        Dec 16, Trams returned to Paris after a 69-year gap, with the inauguration of a new commuter service around part of the city's southern periphery.
    (AP, 12/16/06)
2006        Dec 16, Researchers from Germany, America, and Israel met in Heidelberg to discuss vibration-response imaging, invented by Dr. Igal Kushnir, an Israeli pediatrician.
    (Econ, 12/16/06, p.83)
2006        Dec 16, Indian health officials said nearly 30 children have died this month of mosquito-borne encephalitis in northern India, taking the toll since July to 401.
    (AP, 12/16/06)
2006        Dec 16, Iran's president said his country was ready to transfer nuclear technology to neighboring countries, Kuwaiti television reported, a week after Arab states on the Persian Gulf announced plans to consider a joint nuclear program. Early election returns showed hard-line President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's conservative opponents leading in elections for local councils and a powerful clerical body.
    (AP, 12/16/06)(AP, 12/17/06)
2006        Dec 16, Iraq's army has "opened its doors" to all former members of Saddam Hussein's army, the prime minister said at a national reconciliation conference boycotted by one of his main Shiite allies, a major Sunni group and Iraq's exiled opposition. Iraqi and US forces detained six suspects in a raid and an airstrike on the Shiite slum of Sadr City that left one fighter dead and another wounded. A roadside bomb killed three American soldiers and injured a fourth serviceman north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 12/16/06)(AP, 12/17/06)
2006        Dec 16, An Italian judge rejected a paralyzed man's request to be removed from a respirator, ruling that the law does not permit the denial of lifesaving care and urging lawmakers to confront the issue. Piergiorgio Welby (60) died Dec 20 after he was taken off his respirator.
    (AP, 12/16/06)(AP, 12/21/06)
2006        Dec 16, In Mexico hundreds of federal police officers packed up their tents and marched out of Oaxaca’s central square, ending their seven-week occupation to put down a lengthy protest by leftists that had left nine people dead. A Mexican air force plane crashed into the sea near the resort city of Acapulco and rescue teams were searching for its four crew members.
    (AP, 12/16/06)
2006        Dec 16, A fire erupted in a wedding tent in eastern Pakistan, triggering a stampede and the collapse of a wall that killed 27 women and children.
    (AP, 12/17/06)
2006        Dec 16, Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas called for new presidential and parliamentary elections, a dramatic challenge to ruling Hamas militants that threatens to touch off a civil war.
    (AP, 12/16/06)
2006        Dec 16, In Peru 5 police officers and two employees of the state-run coca company were shot to death in a southern jungle state.
    (AP, 12/16/06)
2006        Dec 16, Russian authorities pulled hundreds of opposition activists off buses and trains and detained them along with scores of others ahead of a rare anti-government rally in Moscow. More than 2,000 people gathered in Triumfalnaya Square, where leftist and liberal groups demanded that Russian President Vladimir Putin stop what they called Russia's retreat from democracy.
    (AP, 12/17/06)
2006        Dec 16, A Somali lawmaker bypassed the government and signed an agreement to end hostilities with the country's powerful Islamic militia, a symbolic gesture that is unlikely to have any real effect. Nearly 200 troops serving Somalia's weak Western-backed government defected to the Islamic courts movement, as both sides braced for impending war.
    (AP, 12/16/06)(AP, 12/17/06)
2006        Dec 16, The African Union (AU) said the situation in Sudan's troubled Darfur region was worsening due to the return of re-armed Janjaweed militia and Khartoum's resolve to use military force.
    (AP, 12/16/06)
2006        Dec 16, Some 6,000 hand-picked voters chose members of a government advisory panel in the UAR’s first election, the Arab world's latest tentative step toward democracy. This was the first of a three-day vote for 20 open seats on the Federal National Council.
    (AP, 12/16/06)(AP, 9/24/11)

2006        Dec 17, In Kirksville, Missouri, a 911 call reporting a "strange odor" from a duplex apartment led police to the bodies of seven people.
    (AP, 12/18/06)
2006        Dec 17, In Ohio a plane crashed in a field killing Paul and Lillian Martin of Austin, Texas, and their two children.
    (AP, 12/18/06)
2006        Dec 17, Kelly James of Dallas, one of 3 missing climbers, was found dead in a snow cave on Mount Hood.
    (AP, 12/17/06)
2006        Dec 17, Afghan officials replaced Helmand Gov. Mohammad Daud with Asadullah Wafa. Daud led the province that grows more than a third of the world's opium. Interior Ministry spokesman Zemeri Bashary said the appointment of Wafa would help increase security in Helmand, but insisted the increase in poppy cultivation had nothing to do with the change. In eastern Afghanistan a suicide bomber drove up to an American convoy and blew himself up, leaving one Afghan civilian dead and two others wounded. France said it is going to withdraw its 200-strong special forces from Afghanistan, all of its ground troops engaged in the US anti-terror operation there.
    (AP, 12/17/06)(AP, 12/18/06)
2006        Dec 17, In eastern Chad marauding fighters killed and mutilated 20 civilians. The  government blamed the atrocities on militias backed by neighbouring Sudan. Government forces who battled the attackers after their raids on the refugee camp and two other nearby villages also saw eight of their soldiers killed and the victims' eyes gouged out. The army killed nine fighters in return and took four prisoners.
    (AFP, 12/19/06)
2006        Dec 17, Indian officials said a killer elephant, named after Osama bin Laden by fearful villagers, was killed by sharpshooters. The animal was blamed for 14 deaths in the northeastern state of Assam.
    (AP, 12/17/06)
2006        Dec 17, Britain’s PM Blair and his Iraqi counterpart, Nouri al-Maliki, discussed preparations by British military units in Basra, the main city in southern Iraq, to turn over security to Iraqi forces. Gunmen in Iraqi army uniforms burst into Red Crescent offices and kidnapped more than two dozen people at the humanitarian organization in the latest sign of the country's growing lawlessness. Others killed in violence included two policeman, an Iraqi soldier and a municipal official in Baghdad; and a police officer in Kut. Former Electricity Minister Ayham al-Samaraie, a dual US-Iraqi citizen and the country's only postwar Cabinet minister to be convicted of corruption, escaped police custody in Baghdad for a second time.
    (AP, 12/17/06)(AP, 12/18/06)
2006        Dec 17, Nigeria's ruling party chose a reclusive Muslim state governor, Umaru Yar'Adua, to be its candidate to succeed Olusegun Obasanjo as president of Africa's most populous nation in elections next year.
    (Reuters, 12/17/06)
2006        Dec 17, Gunmen attacked the convoy of the Palestinian foreign minister and raided a training base for an elite security forces unit, stepping up factional violence over a decision by Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas to end nine months of Hamas leadership and call early elections. A 19-year-old woman and a Palestinian security officer were killed in the chaos. Earlier in the day dozens of gunmen raided a training camp of Abbas' Presidential Guard near the president's residence, killing a member of the elite force.
    (AP, 12/17/06)
2006        Dec 17, Scores of migrants who spent days at sea were missing and feared dead after their boat wrecked off Senegal's coast.
    (AP, 12/17/06)
2006        Dec 17, Zimbabwe's ruling party recommended that President Robert Mugabe's term be extended by two years, to 2010, delaying a showdown between rival factions over the choice of his successor. Opposition and rights groups vowed to stage mass street protests against plans by Mugabe's supporters to extend the veteran ruler's term by another two years.
    (AP, 12/17/06)(AFP, 12/18/06)

2006        Dec 18, Pres. Bush signed H.R. 5682, the Henry J. Hyde United States-India Peaceful Atomic Energy Cooperation Act of 2006 (Hyde Act), to let the US share its nuclear know-how and fuel with India, which continued to refuse to sign the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. It exempted from certain requirements of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 a proposed nuclear agreement for cooperation with India. Robert Gates took the oath as Pentagon chief.
    (www.govtrack.us/congress/bill.xpd?bill=h109-5682)(SFC, 12/19/06, p.A16)(WSJ, 12/19/06, p.A1)   
2006        Dec 18, Thirteen US states sued the EPA to force it to cut fine-particle air pollutants.
    (WSJ, 12/19/06, p.A1)
2006        Dec 18, The US FBI reported that violent crime for the 1st 6 months of 2006 had increased 3.7% with robberies up 9.7%. This reversed a dropping trend from the 1990s.
    (SFC, 12/19/06, p.B1)
2006        Dec 18, The NBA suspended seven players for their roles in a brawl between Denver and New York; each team was fined $500,000.
    (AP, 12/18/07)
2006        Dec 18, A new study said US growers produce nearly $35 billion worth of marijuana annually, making the illegal drug the country's largest cash crop, bigger than corn and wheat combined.
    (Reuters, 12/19/06)
2006        Dec 18, The Bill and Melinda Gates  Foundation granted the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation $40 million to fight illiteracy in developing countries in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. The Hewlett Foundation had already committed $20 million.
    (SFC, 12/18/06, p.A13)
2006        Dec 18, Verizon Communications Inc. said it and five Asian telecom companies will build a $500 million undersea optical cable linking the United States and China to boost communications capacity by more than 60 times.
    (AP, 12/18/06)
2006        Dec 18, In South Bend, Indiana, Daniel Sharp (56) began killing homeless men suspected in stealing scrap metal. In February 2006 Sharp admitted that he and Randy Lee Reeder (50) killed 4 men between Dec 18 and Dec 21 for stealing metal that he and Reeder had collected to sell for salvage. In 2007 Sharp pleaded guilty to the killings.
    (SFC, 2/5/07, p.A3)(SFC, 5/31/07, p.A3)
2006        Dec 18, Joseph Barbera (b.1911), legendary Hollywood animator, died. His characters Fred and Wilma Flintstone and Scooby-Doo made generations of people laugh.
    (Reuters, 12/19/06)(SFC, 12/19/06, p.B5)
2006        Dec 18, Ruth Bernhard (101), legendary photographer, died in SF.
    (SFC, 12/19/06, p.B5)
2006        Dec 18, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber rammed his vehicle into a coalition convoy, wounding two troops of the US-led coalition. Taliban militants beheaded a man and fatally stabbed another as a warning to villagers not to give the government or NATO information about Taliban activities.
    (AP, 12/18/06)(AP, 12/19/06)
2006        Dec 18, An Australian court ruled that providing Web links to copyright-protected music is enough to make a site legally liable. The case created legal uncertainty for search engines around the world. The full bench of the Federal Court upheld a lower court ruling that Stephen Cooper, the operator of the Web site in question, as well as Comcen, the Internet service provider that hosted it, were guilty under Australian copyright law.
    (AP, 12/21/06)
2006        Dec 18, Sheik Abdul-Ameer al-Jamri (67), a spiritual leader of Bahrain's Shiite opposition, died of heart and kidney failure. He had served in Bahrain's first parliament (1973-75), which was dissolved by the emir. He was jailed for 3½ years (1996-1999) after riots against the country's Sunni leadership.
    (AP, 12/19/06)
2006        Dec 18, British police arrested a 37-year-old man suspected of murdering five prostitutes in a high-profile serial-killer case that has gripped the nation for weeks.
    (AP, 12/18/06)
2006        Dec 18, China’s state television said China plans to keep an "absolute ability to control" seven key sectors including oil and telecoms, even as it tries to expose its creaking state-owned firms to the rigors of a market economy.
    (AP, 12/18/06)
2006        Dec 18, Manu Sharma, the son of a wealthy Indian politician, was convicted of murder in the shooting death of a waitress who refused to serve him a drink, a case that tested the Indian judiciary's willingness to take on the powerful elite.
    (AP, 12/19/06)
2006        Dec 18, In Indonesia a moderate earthquake killed at least seven people and injured 100, spreading panic across a large swath of Sumatra, the island worst hit by the 2004 Asian tsunami.
    (AP, 12/18/06)
2006        Dec 18, Opponents of hardline President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad took an early lead in key races in Iran's local elections, according to partial results announced, with moderate conservatives winning control of councils across Iran.
    (AP, 12/18/06)
2006        Dec 18, Japanese electronics maker Matsushita Electric Industrial Co. said it will begin mass production of a new lithium-ion battery that is safe from the overheating problems that prompted a massive recall of Sony Corp. batteries this year.
    (AP, 12/18/06)
2006        Dec 18, Jordanian authorities closed down an isolated desert prison where UN investigators and rights groups alleged inmates were routinely beaten and tortured.
    (AP, 12/18/06)
2006        Dec 18, A senior government official said money sent home by Moroccans overseas amounted to 40.7 billion dirhams (3.6 billion euros) last year, or roughly 9 percent of Morocco's gross domestic product.
    (AFP, 12/18/06)
2006        Dec 18, In southern Nigeria near-simultaneous blasts tore through two oil company facilities. The region's main militant group claimed responsibility, saying it had planted car bombs.
    (AP, 12/18/06)
2006        Dec 18, North Korea defiantly declared itself a nuclear power at the start of the first full international arms talks since its atomic test and threatened to increase its arsenal if its demands were not met.
    (AP, 12/18/06)
2006        Dec 18, Norwegian oil companies Statoil ASA and Norsk Hydro ASA announced plans to merge their offshore oil and natural gas units in a nearly $30 billion (23 billion euro) deal they said would create the world's largest offshore oil operator.
    (AP, 12/18/06)
2006        Dec 18, Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas said he is pushing ahead with early elections, despite factional fighting that intensified after his initial call for a poll. He also appealed for international help in restarting peace talks with Israel.
    (AP, 12/18/06)   
2006        Dec 18, Sudan's justice minister said he was ready to cooperate with a UN fact-finding team due to investigate human rights abuses in war-torn Darfur.
    (AFP, 12/18/06)
2006        Dec 18, Syria’s official SUNA news agency said Syria and Iraq had signed on to a plan to cooperate in combating terrorism and crime.
    (AP, 12/18/06)
2006        Dec 18, Venezuela's ruling party took the first step toward creating a single pro-government party, a move opponents criticized as a push to consolidate more power in the hands of President Hugo Chavez after his landslide re-election. Chavez met with Malaysia's PM Abdullah Ahmad Badawi to discuss expanding trade and deepening ties.
    (AP, 12/18/06)
2006        Dec 18, Six Yemenis released from the US military prison in Guantanamo Bay returned home and were being held by Yemeni authorities to determine if they have any terror ties.
    (AP, 12/18/06)

2006        Dec 19, Pres. Bush said he plans to expand the overall size of the US military.
    (SFC, 12/19/06, p.A1)
2006        Dec 19, US and North Korean financial experts met over Washington's campaign to isolate the communist country from the international banking system, the key stumbling block in negotiations over Pyongyang's nuclear program.
    (AP, 12/19/06)
2006        Dec 19, Maryland suspended executions after a state appeals court ruled that lethal injection procedures didn’t get a proper hearing.
    (WSJ, 12/20/06, p.A1)
2006        Dec 19, Harrah’s Entertainment, the world’s largest casino company, accepted a $17.1 billion offer from Apollo Management LP and Texas Pacific Group. It was the 4th largest private equity buyout to date.
    (SFC, 12/19/06, p.B2)
2006        Dec 19, In Afghanistan Mullah Akhtar Mohammad Osmani, a top Taliban military commander described as a close associate of Osama bin Laden and Taliban leader Mullah Omar was killed, in an airstrike close to the border with Pakistan. Qari Yousef Ahmadi, a purported Taliban spokesman, denied that Osmani had been killed, saying the airstrike instead killed Mullah Abdul Zahir, a group commander, and three other Taliban fighters.
    (AP, 12/23/06)
2006        Dec 19, Stephen Tame (29) from Suffolk, England, was awarded more than 3 million pounds in damages. The devout Christian said an accident at work boosted his libido and wrecked his marriage as he turned to prostitutes and pornography.
    (Reuters, 12/19/06)
2006        Dec 19, In eastern England a 48-year-old man, who reportedly lives in the red-light district of Ipswich, was arrested as the 2nd suspect in the recent deaths of five prostitutes.
    (AP, 12/19/06)
2006        Dec 19, Salvatore Mancuso, one of Colombia's most feared paramilitary warlords, testified before a special tribunal. His confession was meant to sharply reduce his jail time for hundreds of murders and forcing tens of thousands from their land during a decade-long reign of terror.
    (AP, 12/19/06)
2006        Dec 19, Tens of thousands of Indian tribal people, many carrying bows and arrows, gathered in the impoverished central state of Chhattisgarh to protest against Maoist rebel violence. Millions of poor tribal people living in India's remote forests for generations will receive ownership rights under a new bill approved by Parliament.
    (AP, 12/19/06)
2006        Dec 19, In Indonesia's Central Java province 10 people, mostly teenagers, were killed and dozens injured in a stampede at a packed music concert.
    (AFP, 12/20/06)
2006        Dec 19, Iraqi authorities executed 13 men by hanging after they were convicted of murder and kidnapping, lining them up in hoods and green jumpsuits with their hands bound behind their backs. Gunmen in military uniforms robbed government accountants as they left a Baghdad bank with bags of cash in the second such theft in a week. Roadside bombs killed at least two civilians in the capital. Gunmen in Baghdad killed Mitashar al-Sudani (60), a veteran Iraqi actor and comedian. He was known for his stage portrayal of the lighter side of life in Baghdad during Ottoman rule in the early 1900s.
    (AP, 12/19/06)(AP, 12/20/06)
2006        Dec 19, An official report into Ireland's biggest political scandal said former PM Charles Haughey received more than $15 million in secret payments and lied about his knowledge of the funds.
    (AP, 12/19/06)
2006        Dec 19, Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert made a surprise visit to Jordan for talks with King Abdullah II on ways to revive Mideast peacemaking. A wanted Palestinian militant was killed and two others were arrested by Israeli forces in the West Bank city of Nablus. Gunbattles raged in the streets of Gaza City between the Hamas and Fatah movements, killing at least four people in factional fighting that shredded a shaky truce. At least 18 people were wounded, including five children caught in the crossfire.
    (AP, 12/19/06)
2006        Dec 19, Kyrgyzstan’s President Kurmanbek Bakiyev accepted the resignation of the government due to a dispute with parliament, adding new tension to the troubled politics of a country of strategic interest to both Russia and the United States.
    (AP, 12/19/06)
2006        Dec 19, A Libya court convicted five Bulgarian nurses and a Palestinian doctor of deliberately infecting 400 children with HIV and sentenced them to death, despite scientific evidence the youngsters had the virus before the medical workers came to Libya. The verdict, which will be automatically referred to Libya's Supreme Court, drew quick condemnation from European nations. The six later had their death sentences commuted, and were transferred to Bulgaria, where they were pardoned and set free.
    (AP, 12/19/06)(AP, 12/19/07)
2006        Dec 19, Officials said thousands of soldiers sent to seize control of one of Mexico's top drug-producing regions have discovered widespread cultivation of a hybrid marijuana plant that is easy to grow and difficult to kill.
    (AP, 12/19/06)
2006        Dec 19, Nigeria's former military ruler General Muhammadu Buhari emerged as the presidential candidate of one of the country's main opposition parties, All Nigeria Peoples Party (ANPP).
    (AFP, 12/19/06)
2006        Dec 19, In southwestern Pakistan a former anti-government tribal chief was killed and six other men were wounded in a land mine explosion.
    (AP, 12/19/06)
2006        Dec 19, The UN evacuated 71 aid workers from the largest refugee camp in Darfur after gunmen looted their compounds, leaving some 130,000 refugees virtually without humanitarian help.
    (AP, 12/19/06)
2006        Dec 19, Syrian President Bashar al-Assad said he was ready for dialogue with the United States but warned Washington against giving Damascus orders.
    (AP, 12/19/06)
2006        Dec 19, Thailand’s stock market experienced a record decline as the government moved to clamp down on foreign investment. Thailand’s SET index lost 15% of its value. By the end of the day the government partially lifted its restrictions.
    (WSJ, 12/20/06, p.C1)(SFC, 12/21/06, p.C3)(Econ, 1/6/07, p.59)
2006        Dec 19, A Turkish court acquitted Ipek Calislar, a writer of insulting the country's founder, amid calls from the EU to change repressive laws curbing freedom of expression. The book was the first comprehensive biography of Latife Ussaki, who was married to Ataturk for about two years until he divorced her in 1925.
    (AP, 12/19/06)
2006        Dec 19, Dr. Peter Piot, the head of the UN anti-AIDS agency, said AIDS-stricken Southern African nations should develop a policy of mass male circumcision to fight the disease.
    (Reuters, 12/19/06)

2006        Dec 20, Pres. George W. Bush signed the Stolen Valor Act prohibiting anyone from falsely claiming to have won a military decoration.
    (SFC, 10/18/11, p.A6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stolen_Valor_Act_of_2005)
2006        Dec 20, Acknowledging deepening frustration over Iraq, President Bush told a news conference he was considering an increase in American forces and warned that the next year would bring more painful US losses.
    (AP, 12/20/07)
2006        Dec 20, The USDA for the 1st time released a database that included the recipients of about $56 billion in subsidies. The USDA also suspended Australia’s state wheat export monopoly, AWB Ltd., for its dealings with the former Saddam Hussein regime in Iraq.
    (AP, 12/19/06)(WSJ, 12/20/06, p.A8)
2006        Dec 20, Pennsylvania cleared the way for 2 slot machine casino licenses in Philadelphia and Pittsburgh.
    (SFC, 12/21/06, p.A3)
2006        Dec 20, Iraqi forces assumed security responsibilities in relatively peaceful Najaf province, marking the first such handover by US troops as Washington struggles to get Iraq's fragile government to stand on its own. Robert Gates, the new US Defense Secretary, began a surprise visit to Baghdad. 2 suicide car bombers killed at least 12 people in separate attacks in Baghdad. A bomb killed an American soldier and wounded three others south of Baghdad.
    (AP, 12/20/06)(AP, 12/21/06)
2006        Dec 20, In Calabria, Italy, ‘ndrangheta, the Mafia ruling the region, broke into the workshop of the Cooperativa Valle del Marro, the 1st firm in the region to have established a legitimate business using assets once owned by the Mafia.
    (Econ, 2/3/07, p.64)
2006        Dec 20, Officials said flooding caused by heavy monsoon rains has forced more than 20,000 people to flee their homes in the southern Malaysian state of Johor.
    (AP, 12/20/06)
2006        Dec 20, The parliament in Mozambique approved a new law to pave the way for elections at local and national level despite a boycott of the vote by the main opposition party.
    (AFP, 12/20/06)
2006        Dec 20, Ayman al-Zawahri, the deputy leader of al-Qaida, criticized both sides of the Palestinian power struggle in a video, calling the Palestinian president "America's man" but also lashing out at the Islamic group Hamas. Hamas gunmen killed two Palestinian policemen loyal to the rival Fatah movement, hours after the sides agreed to a new cease-fire meant to end more than a week of factional fighting.
    (AP, 12/20/06)
2006        Dec 20, Heavy fighting broke out between Somalia's government troops and rival Islamic militia.
    (AP, 12/20/06)
2006        Dec 20, The Sudanese army killed 200 rebels while repelling an attack in Darfur, the deadliest single military operation reported in the war-torn region since fighting started there four years ago. The army also said that 20 of its troops were wounded during the fighting.
    (AFP, 12/21/06)
2006        Dec 20, In the UAR hand-selected voters cast the third and final round of votes to choose members of a government advisory panel in this oil-rich country's first-ever elections.
    (AP, 12/20/06)

2006        Dec 21, The US Marine Corp. charged 4 Marines at Camp Pendleton with multiple counts of murder for the Nov 19, 2005, slayings of 2 dozen civilians in Haditha, Iraq. 4 officers were also charged with crimes related to their alleged failure to investigate and report the slayings.
    (SFC, 12/22/06, p.A1)(AP, 12/21/07)
2006        Dec 21, Tan Dun’s opera “The First Emperor," premiered at the NY Metropolitan with Placido Domingo as the Emperor. It was based on the life of Qin Shi Huang (260-210BC), who unified China. The libretto was by Tan Dun and novelist Ha Jin was drawn from the screenplay for “The Legend of the Bloody Zheng" by Lu Wei.
    (WSJ, 12/27/06, p.D8)
2006        Dec 21, The US Census Bureau said Arizona had deposed Nevada as the fastest growing US state.
    (WSJ, 12/22/06, p.A1)
2006        Dec 21, New Jersey Gov. Jon Corzine signed legislation giving same-sex couples all the rights and responsibilities of marriage under state law, but not the title.
    (SFC, 12/22/06, p.A4)
2006        Dec 21, Bristol-Myers Squibb Co. offered to pay $499 million to settle federal investigations into whether the company bilked insurers by inflating wholesale prices of a number of its drugs.
    (SFC, 12/22/06, p.D3)
2006        Dec 21, Deutsche Bank AG agreed to pay $208 million to end SEC investigations into improper mutual fund trading.
    (SFC, 12/22/06, p.D3)
2006        Dec 21, Fidelity Investments said it will pay more than $42 million to its mutual funds after a review found that its traders had "misdirected" business to brokers who lavished them with expensive gifts.
    (Reuters, 12/21/06)
2006        Dec 21, The Denver area was motionless for a second day after a powerful blizzard dumped 2 feet of snow on the region.
    (AP, 12/21/06)
2006        Dec 21, In Concord, Ca., 4 people died when their small plane struck Highway 4 as it attempted to land at Buchanan Field.
    (SFC, 12/22/06, p.B1)
2006        Dec 21, In Bangladesh riot police dispersed thousands of protesters who smashed vehicles during a general strike to force electoral reforms before next month's elections.
    (AP, 12/21/06)
2006        Dec 21, British police charged Steven Wright, a 48-year-old truck driver who lives in the red-light district of Ipswich, with the murder of five local prostitutes whose naked bodies were found in rural areas around the eastern England town.
    (AP, 12/22/06)
2006        Dec 21, Tens of thousands of passengers were stranded after a thick blanket of freezing fog forced hundreds of flights to be canceled at Heathrow, Europe's busiest airport.
    (AP, 12/21/06)
2006        Dec 21, Cape Verde PM Jose Maria das Neves said Africa must stop blaming its colonial past for its problems and instead point the finger at the continent's leaders.
    (AFP, 12/21/06)
2006        Dec 21, Officials said Arcelor Mittal, the world's largest steelmaker, has signed a $8.7 billion project with the Orissa government to build a steel plant in the eastern Indian state.
    (AP, 12/21/06)
2006        Dec 21, Indonesia overturned a terror conviction against the militant Islamic cleric Abu Bakar Bashir, who served 2 1/2 years for conspiracy in the 2002 Bali nightclub bombings that killed more than 200 people.
    (AP, 12/21/06)
2006        Dec 21, In Iran final election results showed President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's opponents won local council elections.
    (AP, 12/21/06)
2006        Dec 21, Delegates representing Shiite groups forming the largest bloc in Iraq's parliament gathered in Najaf at the home of the country's top Shiite cleric to seek his blessing for a new coalition that would promote national reconciliation. Radical cleric Muqtada al-Sadr agreed to allow his supporters to go back to their positions in the Iraqi government after a three-week boycott to protest the Iraqi prime minister's meeting with US President George W. Bush. A suicide bomber killed 15 people and wounded 15 others in a crowd of police volunteers in eastern Baghdad. 4 American troops died from combat wounds in Anbar province.
    (AP, 12/21/06)(AP, 12/22/06)
2006        Dec 21, Japan said it saw no hope of a breakthrough in talks on scrapping North Korea's nuclear weapons, accusing Pyongyang of using a financial dispute with the United States to drive a stake into a proposed deal.
    (AP, 12/21/06)
2006        Dec 21, In Lebanon police arrested four people and seized a large quantities of weapons, explosives and fuses in raids against a pro-Syrian party.
    (AP, 12/21/06)
2006        Dec 21, In southern Nigeria armed militants in speedboats have killed three policemen in an overnight attack on a residential facility belonging to French oil company Total. Shell, began relocating staff dependants after a bomb blast.
    (AP, 12/21/06)
2006        Dec 21, Fighting erupted for a 3rd straight day between Somali fighters, one day after an EU envoy got both the government and a rival Islamic movement to agree to resume peace talks.
    (AP, 12/21/06)
2006        Dec 21, Royal Dutch Shell and its partners agreed to hand over 50% plus one share of the Sakhalin II oil and gas project to OAO Gazprom, the Russian state-controlled energy firm, for $7.45 billion. Shell and its partners have already put $12 billion into the project, which was about 80% complete.
    (WSJ, 12/22/06, p.A3)
2006        Dec 21-2006 Dec 22, Fighting between Darfur rebels and government forces near the town of Kutum killed 7 people and insurgents shot down 2 army helicopters in the area.
    (Reuters, 12/24/06)
2006        Dec 21, President Saparmurat Niyazov (66), Turkmenistan's eccentric and iron-fisted leader, died. He had created a lavish cult of personality during two decades of rule over his isolated nation. The Turkmen constitution says the speaker of parliament assumes power on the death of the president. But just hours after Niyazov's death was reported, the national security council named Berdymukhamedov acting president and announced that speaker Overzgeldy Atayev had been charged with unspecified criminal offenses.
    (AP, 12/21/06)(AP, 12/22/06)

2006        Dec 22, The US said it canceled a joint military exercise with the Philippines scheduled for next year because of a dispute over the custody of a US Marine appealing his rape conviction.
    (AP, 12/22/06)
2006        Dec 22, Rape charges were dropped against three Duke University lacrosse players, but kidnapping and sexual offense charges remained. Those charges were later dropped as well.
    (AP, 12/22/07)
2006        Dec 22, Space shuttle Discovery and its seven-member crew landed in Florida after a smooth, 13-day flight to rewire the International Space Station.
    (AFP, 12/23/06)(AP, 12/22/07)
2006        Dec 22, SF police officer Bryan Tuvera (28) was shot in the head in a gunbattle that left Marlon Ruff (33), a 2-year fugitive, dead in the Sunset District. Tuvera died hours later.
    (SFC, 12/23/06, p.A1)(SSFC, 12/24/06, p.A1)
2006        Dec 22, Rafael Robb (56), tenured economics professor at the Univ. of Pennsylvania, bludgeoned his wife (39) to death in Norristown. In 2007 he pleaded guilty to manslaughter.
    (SFC, 11/27/07, p.A8)
2006        Dec 22, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb exploded next to a police patrol killing five policemen.
    (AP, 12/22/06)
2006        Dec 22, President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva called in the Brazilian air force to help transport airline passengers on an emergency basis as long delays and overbooked planes snarled commercial flights over the busy holiday weekend.
    (AP, 12/22/06)
2006        Dec 22, Thick fog caused the cancellation of flights at London's Heathrow Airport for a 4th day, forcing thousands of passengers to scrap or delay their Christmas travel plans.
    (AP, 12/22/06)
2006        Dec 22, In China the first talks on North Korea's nuclear program since the communist nation tested an atomic device ended without an agreement on disarmament or a date for further negotiations.
    (AP, 12/22/06)
2006        Dec 22, Cuban finance officials acknowledged in an unusually critical year-end report that the country's economy is still suffering the affects of the severe crisis of the 1990s but nevertheless grew 12.5 percent in 2006.
    (AP, 12/22/06)
2006        Dec 22, The European spacecraft COROT was launched in Kazakhstan. The satellite will use its 27-centimetre telescope to search for dips of light due to planets passing in front of their parent stars in events called transits (http://tinyurl.com/2pkydl).
    (Econ, 6/2/07, p.86)
2006        Dec 22, India and Pakistan started a two-day swap of detained illegal fishermen and immigrants including children as part of attempts to improve ties between the nuclear rivals.
    (AFP, 12/22/06)
2006        Dec 22, A parked car bomb killed two people and wounded four in Samarra. US-led forces launched multiple raids across Iraq, killing one terrorist and capturing 25 terror suspects. A US soldier died when his patrol came under fire.
    (AP, 12/22/06)
2006        Dec 22, Iraqi citizens filed a $200 million lawsuit against a prominent European bank and an Australian wheat exporter, saying they were cheated out of humanitarian goods when the companies permitted the UN oil-for-food program to be corrupted.
    (AP, 12/22/06)
2006        Dec 22, The Roman Catholic Church denied a religious funeral for Piergiogio Welby, the paralyzed Italian author who died after a doctor disconnected his respirator, saying it would treat his public wish to "end his life" as a willful suicide.
    (AP, 12/22/06)
2006        Dec 22, The office of President Mahmoud Abbas of Fatah blocked five major Hamas appointments to senior government positions. Ferocious gunbattles broke out between Hamas and Fatah militants in the Gaza Strip and West Bank. A Hamas militiaman injured in violence that touched off the Gaza City shootout died of his wounds.
    (AP, 12/22/06)
2006        Dec 22, A top executive with Russian gas giant OAO Gazprom said Georgia will pay more than double what it pays now for Russian natural gas under a new agreement.
    (AP, 12/22/06)
2006        Dec 22, In Somalia Ethiopian attack helicopters and tanks headed for battle as fighting raged for a fourth day between Somalia's Islamic militia and the country's secular government.
    (AP, 12/22/06)
2006        Dec 22, South Korea rejected the latest shipment of US beef and asked Washington to explain why it contained unacceptable levels of the toxic chemical dioxin.
    (AP, 12/22/06)
2006        Dec 22, Residents of Almazan, a small town in rural Spain, won the top prize of 390 million euros in the world's richest lottery, known as El Gordo or "the fat one".
    (Reuters, 12/22/06)
2006        Dec 22, In Turkmenistan acting president Gurbungali Berdymukhamedov pledged that new elections will be democratic, but only in the late dictator's interpretation of the word.
    (AP, 12/22/06)
2006        Dec 22, In Ukraine Russia’s Pres. Putin and Pres. Yushchenko oversaw the signing of numerous bilateral accords. Putin assured his Ukrainian counterpart that Moscow wants good relations, in a meeting that both leaders presented as a break from the strained relationship of the past.
    (AP, 12/22/06)
2006        Dec 22, The UN adopted new regulations aimed at restricting the future employment of UN staff who handle contracts for goods and services following fraud allegations.
    (AP, 12/23/06)

2006        Dec 23, A review process directed by the Pentagon cleared 46 detainees at the Guantanamo prison camp for transfer this year to their home countries.
    (AP, 12/23/06)
2006        Dec 23, California Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger (59) broke his leg while skiing with his family in Sun Valley, Idaho.
    (AP, 12/24/06)
2006        Dec 23, Carl Blaze (born Carlos Rivera), a popular NYC hip-hop disc jockey, died after being shot at least 13 times on Dec 7. Blaze (30) was shot outside an apartment building near Manhattan's Inwood section, and his $20,000 diamond chain was stolen.
    (AP, 12/24/06)
2006        Dec 23, Robert Stafford (1913), former governor of Vermont (1958-1960) and US Senator (1971-1989), died. In 1988 the US Congress renamed the Federal Guaranteed Student Loan Program as the Robert T. Stafford Student Loan Program.
    (SSFC, 12/24/06, p.D7)
2006        Dec 23, In Brazil El Al Yoram (35), an Israeli man known as the "King of Ecstasy" and alleged to be one of the world's foremost traffickers of the drug, was arrested in Rio de Janeiro. Yoram left the US in 2004 and had been hiding in Uruguay, where he was arrested in 2005 but fled from jail.
    (AP, 12/23/06)
2006        Dec 23, In southern Colombia leftist rebels ambushed an army patrol and killed 14 soldiers from a unit that rushed to the area after being warned of a possible guerrilla takeover of a remote hamlet.
    (AP, 12/23/06)
2006        Dec 23, Two road accidents in France within hours of each other left four people dead in central Paris and some 24 injured in a 60-vehicle pileup on a foggy highway near Bordeaux.
    (AP, 12/24/06)
2006        Dec 23, In Indonesia 12 people were dead and dozens remain missing while more than 70,000 have fled their homes as floods swept the island of Sumatra.
    (AP, 12/23/06)
2006        Dec 23, Shiite lawmakers said Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani, Iraq's most revered Shiite cleric, withheld support for a US-backed plan to build a coalition across sectarian lines. US-led forces killed one person and detained nine other suspects in a raid on a militant hideout in Ramadi. 1st Lt. Hussein Jabir, An Iraqi military intelligence officer, was slain in a drive-by shooting in Diwaniyah. A roadside bomb killed 3 American soldiers in Baghdad and a suicide bomber killed at least 7 Iraqi policemen north of the capital.
    (AP, 12/23/06)(AP, 12/24/06)
2006        Dec 23, Israeli PM Ehud Olmert and Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas held the first Israeli-Palestinian summit in 22 months. Israel agreed to release $100 million in frozen funds to Palestinian Pres. Mahmoud Abbas and to ease West Bank travel restrictions.
    (SSFC, 12/24/06, p.A21)(AP, 12/23/07)
2006        Dec 23, Officials in Malaysia said 7 people had died and more than 90,000 displaced during the last week as the country recorded heavy rainfall.
    (AP, 12/23/06)
2006        Dec 23, A spokesman for Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) said long queues for gasoline were “just in the spirit of the season." An explosion occurred near the headquarters of Rivers State government in the oil capital of Port Harcourt, moments after militants said they were about to detonate two car bombs in the region.
    (Reuters, 12/23/06)(AFP, 12/23/06)
2006        Dec 23, The North Korean army's chief of staff vowed to take strong countermeasures against US sanctions.
    (AP, 12/23/06)
2006        Dec 23, Assailants fired on the car of a senior Palestinian security official, wounding him, a bodyguard and a girl in intensifying factional fighting in the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 12/23/06)
2006        Dec 23, A bus plunged into a river in Peru's central mountains, killing at least nine people and leaving four missing.
    (AP, 12/24/06)
2006        Dec 23, Somalia's Islamic militants called on foreign Muslim fighters to join their holy war against Ethiopian troops after days of fighting killed hundreds of people and threatened to engulf the region.
    (AP, 12/23/06)
2006        Dec 23, The UN Security Council voted unanimously to impose sanctions on Iran for refusing to suspend uranium enrichment. The Security Council resolution ordered all countries to stop supplying Iran with materials and technology that could contribute to its nuclear and missile programs. It also froze the Iranian assets of 10 key companies and 12 individuals related to those programs. Iran denounced the sanctions. China’s endorsement was an important symbolic act.
    (AP, 12/24/06)(Econ, 1/13/07, p.37)

2006        Dec 24, Frank Stanton (98), broadcasting pioneer and CBS president for 26 years, died in Boston.
    (AP, 12/24/07)
2006        Dec 24, Chad's president and the leader of a rebel faction that tried to oust him earlier this year signed a peace accord in Libya, but other Chadian insurgents dismissed the deal and vowed to fight on.
    (Reuters, 12/24/06)
2006        Dec 24, China’s state media announced that Du Shicheng, a top Communist Party official in the eastern province of Shandong, had been fired for misconduct.
    (AP, 12/24/06)
2006        Dec 24, In southern Colombia government troops retook control of an area where leftist rebels ambushed and killed 15 soldiers.
    (AP, 12/24/06)
2006        Dec 24, An Egyptian woman died of bird flu, hours after tests confirmed she and two other members of her extended family had been suffering from the highly pathogenic virus.
    (AP, 12/24/06)
2006        Dec 24, Ethiopia launched an attack on Somalia's powerful Islamic movement, sending fighter jets across the border and bombarding several towns in a major escalation of the violence that threatens to engulf the Horn of Africa. Ethiopia's PM Meles Zenawi said his country had been "forced to enter a war."
    (AP, 12/24/06)(AP, 12/24/07)
2006        Dec 24, Germany said it will not offer the Sri Lankan government new aid until the peace process in the country advances and called on other nations to increase the pressure on Colombo.
    (AFP, 12/24/06)
2006        Dec 24, In Guatemala 80 residents of a drug and alcohol treatment center escaped and 13 others were injured in a rebellion that started when patients were told they could not leave to celebrate Christmas.
    (AP, 12/24/06)
2006        Dec 24, In eastern India a wild elephant looking for food killed three people and injured 10 in a forest range in West Bengal state.
    (AP, 12/24/06)
2006        Dec 24, Officials said at least 94 people were killed and dozens left missing by floods in Indonesia and Malaysia. Looting broke out in areas of Malaysia abandoned because of rising waters.
    (AP, 12/24/06)
2006        Dec 24, Iran vowed to push forward efforts to enrich uranium and to change its relations with the international nuclear watchdog.
    (AP, 12/24/06)
2006        Dec 24, In Iraq an American soldier and a Marine had died from combat wounds suffered in Anbar province.
    (AP, 12/25/06)
2006        Dec 24, Mario Scaramella, who met with an ex-KGB agent Alexander Litvinenko in London the day the Russian fell ill from radiation poisoning, was arrested in Naples after returning from London. Rome prosecutors have accused him of arms trafficking and slander.
    (AP, 12/24/06)
2006        Dec 24, Nigerian vice president Atiku Abubakar's new party, the Action Congress (AC), slammed President Olusegun Obasanjo's declaration that his former deputy's office was now vacant as unconstitutional.
    (AFP, 12/24/06)
2006        Dec 24, A new study was published saying traces of cocaine can be found on 94% of banknotes in Spain, a country that has one of the world's highest rates of users.
    (AP, 12/24/06)
2006        Dec 24, Bo Mya (79), a longtime leader of the Karen National Union, died in Thailand. The KNU was Myanmar's largest guerrilla group.
    (AP, 12/24/06)

2006        Dec 25, James Brown (b.1928), the dynamic "Godfather of Soul," died early Christmas. His revolutionary rhythms, rough voice and flashing footwork influenced generations of musicians from rock to rap. His 1965 song “I Got You (I Feel Good)" is considered one of the all-time greatest in rock’s cannon.
    (AP, 12/25/06)(SFC, 12/26/06, p.A7)
2006        Dec 25, Chad's President Idriss Deby Itno and rebel leader Mahamat Nour Abdulkerim arrived in N'Djamena after signing a peace deal in Libya. One of the current rebel leaders, Timane Erdimi, dismissed the significance of the deal with Nour's FUC, some of whose men went off to join a coalition led by the Rally of Democratic Forces (RAFD) headed by Erdimi and his twin brother Tom. Deby's government is also up against the Union of Forces for Democracy and Development (UFDD), led by former defense minister Mahamat Nouri, and the Chadian National Concord movement led by Hassan Saleh al-Djinedi.
    (AFP, 12/25/06)
2006        Dec 25, Ethiopian fighter jets bombed Somalia's main airport, the first direct attack on the city that serves as the headquarters of an Islamic movement attempting to wrest power from the internationally recognized government.
    (AP, 12/25/06)
2006        Dec 25, In southern Iraq British troops killed 7 gunmen in a raid on a renegade police unit, and a car bomb that exploded next to an open-air market in Baghdad killed 9 civilians and wounded 11. In another part of eastern Baghdad, a suicide bomber exploded in a minibus, killing three people and injuring 19. A suicide bomber killed 3 policemen at checkpoint at a university entrance in Ramadi. Police in Baghdad found 40 bodies, apparent victims of sectarian violence. 3 US soldiers were killed.
    (AP, 12/25/06)(AP, 12/26/06)(WSJ, 12/26/06, p.A1)
2006        Dec 25, Four Japanese inmates on death row were hanged, the first executions to take place in Japan since September 2005.
    (AP, 12/25/06)
2006        Dec 25, A fire blamed on illegally sold firecrackers swept through a department store in the central Philippines on Christmas Day, killing 24 people who took refuge in a restroom.
    (AP, 12/25/06)
2006        Dec 25, Russian security forces killed a suspected militant holed up in an apartment building in the southern province of Karachayevo-Cherkessia.
    (AP, 12/25/06)
2006        Dec 25, Pope Benedict XVI used his Christmas Day address to call for a peaceful resolution of conflicts worldwide and appealed for greater caring of the poor, the exploited and all who suffer.
    (AP, 12/25/07)

2006        Dec 26, Gerald R. Ford (b.1913), former Michigan Congressman and US President (1973-1976), died. He had declared "Our long national nightmare is over" as he replaced Richard Nixon, but may have doomed his own chances of election by pardoning his disgraced predecessor.
    (AP, 12/27/06)
2006        Dec 26, A 21,000 gallon oil spill off the Texas coast resulted when a ship anchor hit an oil line.
    (WSJ, 12/27/06, p.A1)
2006        Dec 26, It was reported that a large study in Britain had found that taking such popular heartburn drugs as Nexium, Prevacid or Prilosec for a year or more can raise the risk of a broken hip markedly in people over 50.
    (AP, 12/26/06)
2006        Dec 26, Talks between Belarus and the Russian state gas monopoly on Russia's demand for a price increase brought no resolution and a top company official said Belarus could face a New Year's gas cutoff. Gazprom said it failed to gain assent to double gas prices, but added that any cutoff would no affect EU nations.
    (AP, 12/26/06)(WSJ, 12/27/06, p.A1)
2006        Dec 26, Countryside campaigners said more than 300,000 people took part in traditional Boxing Day (December 26) fox hunts across Britain, claiming it proved a ban on hunting with dogs was not working.
    (AP, 12/26/06)
2006        Dec 26, Canada deported a man who posed as a Canadian for years, describing him as a Russian spy who used a fake birth certificate to create a false identity and accumulate three Canadian passports. The man, who acquired passports in the name of Paul William Hampel, left Canada for Russia.
    (Reuters, 12/26/06)
2006        Dec 26, Chinese and Japanese history scholars met for the first in a series of government-mandated study groups aimed at smoothing over differences between the Asian powers on historical issues.
    (AP, 12/26/06)
2006        Dec 26, An Iraqi appeals court has upheld the death sentence imposed on Saddam Hussein at his first trial, and a tribunal official said the verdict will be carried out within 30 days even if the presidency doesn't ratify it. Over 100 Iraqis died in attacks and bombings, including a coordinated strike that killed 25 in western Baghdad. 3 US service members were killed in roadside bombings northwest of Baghdad. Another US soldier was killed south of Baghdad.
    (AP, 12/27/06)(SFC, 12/27/06, p.A3)(WSJ, 12/27/06, p.A1)
2006        Dec 26, Ayham al-Samaraie, a former minister of electricity with dual US and Iraqi citizenship, arrived in Jordan on a US plane. Al-Samaraie, who escaped from a Baghdad prison this month, was serving time for corruption when he escaped mid-December.
    (AP, 12/26/06)
2006        Dec 26, In Nigeria a ruptured gasoline pipeline burst into flames as scavengers collected the fuel in Lagos, killing 269 people. Witnesses said thieves had broken into the pipeline after midnight and hundreds of men, women and children had been collecting leaking fuel in plastic buckets, cans and bags for hours before the explosion. 2 different armed groups lifted sieges of two oilfield stations, releasing more than 20 local workers. Shell resumed production at its Nun River facility. 4 oil workers were still being held hostage by a different armed group after an attack on Agip's Brass River export terminal on Dec 7.
    (AP, 12/26/06)(AP, 12/27/06)(AP, 12/28/06)
2006        Dec 26, Pakistan said it will plant land mines and build a fence on parts of its long, rugged frontier with Afghanistan to meet criticism it does too little to stop Taliban and al-Qaida guerrillas from crossing the border.
    (AP, 12/27/06)
2006        Dec 26, Islamic fighters retreated as Somali government and Ethiopian troops advanced on three fronts in a decisive turn in the battle for control of this Horn of Africa nation. Ethiopia’s PM Meles Zenawi said up to 1,000 of the religious movement's fighters had been killed.
    (AP, 12/26/06)(WSJ, 12/27/06, p.A1)
2006        Dec 26, The Saudi government said it had released 18 men who were detained after returning to their homeland from the US military prison in Guantanamo Bay.
    (AP, 12/26/06)
2006        Dec 26, President Omar al-Bashir said in the letter to UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan that Sudan is ready to immediately implement two recent agreements endorsing a three-step UN plan to strengthen the beleaguered 7,000-strong African Union force in Darfur.
    (AP, 12/27/06)
2006        Dec 26, Turkmenistan's top legislative body rewrote the country's constitution to allow the country's acting president, in power for less than a week, to succeed its late leader.
    (AP, 12/26/06)
2006        Dec 26, The Vatican called on retired Bishop Fernando Lugo to give up his plans to run for Paraguay's presidency or face canonical sanctions. Lugo said he had already resigned from the priesthood to lead a planned opposition alliance and challenge conservative President Nicanor Duarte of the Colorado Party in elections scheduled for May 2008.
    (AP, 12/26/06)

2006        Dec 27 Former Democratic vice presidential nominee John Edwards jumped into the presidential race a day earlier than he had planned after his campaign accidentally went live with his election Web site a day before his scheduled announcement.
    (AP, 12/27/07)
2006        Dec 27, A Florida doctor pleaded guilty to securities fraud in connection with a life insurance scam that cost 28,000 investors nearly $1 billion. Clark Mitchell, the former director of a prominent AIDS clinic who was arrested more than five years ago on insurance fraud charges, agreed to be responsible for restitution of $367 million to investors in Mutual Benefits Corp., a Fort Lauderdale company that sought investors in life insurance policies held by elderly or ill people.
    (Reuters, 12/27/06)
2006        Dec 27, Ohio’s state Supreme Court publicly reprimanded Gov. Bob Taft for his ethics violations in office, a black mark that will stay on his permanent record as an attorney.
    (AP, 12/27/06)
2006        Dec 27, It was reported that the SF Dept. of Parking and Traffic had begun a 90-day test run using cameras to scan license plates in search of cars with unpaid citations. Metal boots were immediately attached to cars with at least 5 outstanding tickets.
    (SFC, 12/27/06, p.B1)
2006        Dec 27, A 2-day storm with 60 mph winds hit the SF Bay Area. In Marin County the main hall of Manka’s Inverness Lodge, built in 1917, burned down when wind knocked a tree into a water heater. A woman was killed when a tree crashed through her cottage in Lagunitas.
    (SFC, 12/28/06, p.A1, B1)
2006        Dec 27, In southern Afghanistan a bomb explosion caused a NATO vehicle to crash, killing one British soldier and wounding three.
    (AP, 12/28/06)
2006        Dec 27, Angry protesters attacked government offices and damaged vehicles in northern Bangladesh after authorities rejected applications by former army ruler Hossain Mohammad Ershad to contest next month's elections.
    (AP, 12/27/06)
2006        Dec 27, Belarus issued an implicit threat that it could stop Russian gas deliveries through its pipelines to western Europe unless Russia's gas monopoly Gazprom relented on demands Minsk pay steep price increases in 2007.
    (AP, 12/27/06)
2006        Dec 27, Brazilian travelers incensed about an overbooked flight stormed a runway to prevent a commercial jet from taking off. A tourism industry leader said two months of chronic flight delays have been a "disaster" for tourism.
    (AP, 12/27/06)
2006        Dec 27, A helicopter carrying natural gas workers crashed off the northwest English coast, killing six people and leaving the only other person aboard missing.
    (AP, 12/28/06)
2006        Dec 27, Central African President Francois Bozize ordered the army to set fire to the homes of two leaders of a dissident Baptist church, after they did the same to a pastor's house, to teach them a lesson.
    (AFP, 12/28/06)
2006        Dec 27, China’s state media reported that temperatures in China will rise significantly in coming decades and water shortages will worsen, citing the government's first national assessment of global climate change.
    (AFP, 12/27/06)
2006        Dec 27, Colombia's second-largest rebel group (ELN) released two police officers taken hostage earlier this month, a move that could revive slow-moving peace talks with the government. Gunmen shot and killed Jaime Andres Angarita (33), a paramilitary leader, as he was dining at a restaurant in the western city of Medellin. Angarita was considered the right-hand man of warlord Salvatore Mancuso, the architect of a 2003 peace deal with the government that has led to the demobilization of 31,000 militia fighters.
    (AP, 12/27/06)(AP, 12/28/06)
2006        Dec 27, Fighting broke out in eastern Congo between government troops and forces loyal to a dissident general, killing at least 19 people. A group of Congolese soldiers went on trial for war crimes, a month after UN investigators found mass graves inside their eastern army camp with some 30 bodies including women and children.
    (AP, 12/27/06)(Reuters, 12/28/06)
2006        Dec 27, A 26-year-old Egyptian man died of bird flu, the third member of his extended family to die of the virus.
    (AP, 12/27/06)
2006        Dec 27, Ethiopian and Somali government troops drove Islamic fighters out of the last major town on the road to Mogadishu, the Islamist-held capital.
    (AP, 12/27/06)
2006        Dec 27, Gabon's Constitutional Court confirmed President Omar Bongo Ondimba's camp as official winner of the nation's general elections held December 17 and 24.
    (AFP, 12/27/06)
2006        Dec 27, A new report said a third of India’s rural population, or more than 200 million people, still live on 12 rupees (26 cents) a day or less.
    (AFP, 12/27/06)
2006        Dec 27, Saddam Hussein's Baath Party threatened to retaliate if the ousted Iraqi leader is executed, warning in an Internet posting it would target US interests anywhere. Saddam Hussein urged Iraqis to embrace "brotherly coexistence" and not to hate U.S.-led foreign troops in a goodbye letter posted on a Web site a day after Iraq's highest court upheld his death sentence. A car bomb explosion killing 8 civilians and wounding 10 near an Iraqi army checkpoint in Baghdad. Police found the bodies of 51 people apparent victims of sectarian killings. US and Iraqi troops in Najaf killed Sahib al-Amiri, a top deputy of Muqtada al-Sadr. 2 Latvian soldiers were killed and 3 were wounded when a roadside bomb exploded under their Humvee in Diwaniyah. 3 US soldiers were killed by roadside bombs in and around Baghdad.
    (AP, 12/27/06)(AP, 12/28/06)(SFC, 12/28/06, p.A12)(WSJ, 12/28/06, p.A1)(AP, 12/27/07)
2006        Dec 27, Israel decided to resume pinpoint attacks against Palestinian rocket-launching cells in Gaza, jeopardizing what is already a shaky, month-old truce with Gaza militants.
    (AP, 12/27/06)
2006        Dec 27, A Taiwanese court convicted Chao Chien-min, the son-in-law of President Chen Shui-bian, of insider trading and sentenced him to six years in prison.
    (AP, 12/27/06)
2006        Dec 27, Telephone lines and Internet service went dead across much of Asia after two powerful earthquakes off Taiwan damaged undersea cables used by several countries to route calls and online traffic.
    (AP, 12/27/06)
2006        Dec 27, Yemeni authorities opened fire on boats filled with refugees fleeing the fighting in Somalia and at least 17 people drowned when one of the vessels capsized.
    (AP, 12/28/06)

2006        Dec 28, President Bush worked nearly three hours at his Texas ranch to design a new US policy in Iraq as Saddam Hussein's lawyer made a last-ditch effort to impede his client's execution.
    (AP, 12/28/07)
2006        Dec 28, A delegation of six US senators led by incoming Majority Leader Harry Reid met with Bolivian President Evo Morales, seeking to smooth relations with the South American country's left-leaning government.
    (AP, 12/29/06)
2006        Dec 28, Senators of the US Virgin Islands passed Act 6905 in a special session. It raised the governor’s salary from $80,000 to $150,000 and senators’ salaries from $65,000 to $80,000. The average income on St. Croix was $26, 548.
    (WSJ, 1/13/07, p.A14)
2006        Dec 28, In Brazil at least 18 people were killed in gang attacks on buses and police posts in Rio de Janeiro.
    (AP, 12/28/06)
2006        Dec 28, Four men accused of organizing and participating in the Rwandan genocide in 1994 were arrested in Britain on warrants issued by the Rwandan government.
    (AP, 12/29/06)
2006        Dec 28, Vital Kamerhe, an advisor to President Joseph Kabila, was named head of the Democratic Republic of Congo's new National Assembly, in a ballot that saw presidential allies sweep key parliamentary posts.
    (Reuters, 12/29/06)
2006        Dec 28, Ecuador’s President-elect Rafael Correa appointed seven women to his Cabinet, including the country’s first female defense minister, saying he wanted to promote gender equality.
    (AP, 12/28/06)
2006        Dec 28, Guyana police said they had shot and killed Neil Bovell (37), the country's most wanted fugitive after he refused to surrender when they tracked him to his father's house in Georgetown.
    (AP, 12/29/06)
2006        Dec 28, The Tri Star I, a passenger ferry, capsized in rough waters off Indonesia’s coast of Sumatra, leaving one dead and 36 missing.
    (AP, 12/29/06)
2006        Dec 28, Israeli security officials said Egypt has sent a large shipment of weapons through Israeli territory to shore up forces loyal to the embattled Palestinian president, Mahmoud Abbas, an extraordinary show of support by both countries for his efforts to renew peacemaking with Israel.
    (AP, 12/28/06)
2006        Dec 28, In Indian Kashmir 9 people including five Islamic rebels were killed and 10 injured in separate incidents over the last 2 days.
    (AP, 12/28/06)
2006        Dec 28, Italy’s PM Romano Prodi vowed to deliver "shock therapy" to spur growth in Italy after years of a sluggish economy, outlining an ambitious 2007 agenda he hopes will reverse his decline in popularity.
    (AP, 12/28/06)
2006        Dec 28, Tallies by government agencies, humanitarian groups and The Associated Press said more than 1,000 Lebanese civilians and combatants died during the summer war between Israel's army and Hezbollah guerrillas.
    (AP, 12/28/06)
2006        Dec 28, In central Mexico a passenger bus collided with a freight train, killing 22 people.
    (AP, 12/28/06)
2006        Dec 28, Nearly 3 million Muslims from around the world, chanting and raising their hands to heaven, marched through a desert valley outside Mecca on the first day of the annual hajj pilgrimage.
    (AP, 12/28/06)
2006        Dec 28, Somali government troops rolled into Mogadishu unopposed, the prime minister said, hours after an Islamic movement that tried to establish a government based on the Quran abandoned the capital.
    (AP, 12/28/06)
2006        Dec 28, Togo became one of few African countries to legalize abortion if the pregnancy is the result of rape or an incestuous relationship.
    (Reuters, 12/28/06)
2006        Dec 28, Zimbabwean police said they had arrested at least 16,000 suspected gold panners and seized more than three kilogram’s of gold in a sweeping crackdown on illegal miners. The operation, codenamed "Chikorokoza Chapera" (The End of Illegal Gold Dealings), was launched last month.
    (AFP, 12/28/06)

2006        Dec 29, US regulators gave final approval for the $86 billion merger between AT&T and BellSouth, the biggest merger in telecommunications history.
    (SFC, 12/30/06, p.C1)
2006        Dec 29, The United Steelworkers union ratified a 3-year contract. Goodyear later estimated that their 12-week strike cost the tire maker at least $30 million a week.
    (WSJ, 1/10/07, p.A11)
2006        Dec 29, Advanced Marketing Services of San Diego, the parent of Publishers Group West, declared bankruptcy. This put over 130 independent publishers into financial crises.
    (SFC, 1/27/07, p.A1)
2006        Dec 29, In Allentown, Pa., a fire swept through 4 downtown row houses killing 5 people. An extension cord overload was blamed.
    (SFC, 12/30/06, p.A3)
2006        Dec 29, Fugitive Taliban chief Mullah Omar pledged in a statement to drive foreign troops out of Afghanistan, as NATO and Afghan forces killed more than 10 of his fighters in the volatile south.
    (AP, 12/29/06)
2006        Dec 29, A key witness in a human rights trial stemming from Argentina's military dictatorship was found beaten, two days after he went missing. Luis Gerez (51), who has accused a former police chief of torturing him during the 1966-73 dictatorship, was found by a police patrol in a street of Garin, north of Buenos Aires.
    (AP, 12/29/06)
2006        Dec 29, In southern Bangladesh at least 3 people were killed and 100 hurt after two ferries packed with passengers rushing home for a Muslim festival collided in dense fog on the Meghna River.
    (AFP, 12/30/06)
2006        Dec 29, Two American sailors died after falling from a US submarine off the coast of southern England.
    (AP, 12/29/06)
2006        Dec 29, In Chile 13 former dictatorship-era security agents were sentenced to prison terms ranging from five to 18 years for four killings committed in revenge for the bloody 1986 assassination attempt of dictator Gen. Augusto Pinochet.
    (AP, 12/29/06)
2006        Dec 29, In India the decomposing bodies of several children were found buried behind a house east of New Delhi. The Noida police said Mohinder Singh Pandher, the businessman who owned the house, and his servant, referred to only as Satish, confessed to sexually assaulting and killing at least 15 impoverished children and women during the past two years. On Feb 12, 2009, an Indian court sentenced businessman Moninder Singh Pandher and his servant Surinder Koli to death Friday for the murder of a young girl one of 19 victims in a case that has shocked the country.
    (AP, 12/29/06)(AP, 12/30/06)(AFP, 2/13/09)
2006        Dec 29, The Senopati Nusantara, a crowded Indonesian ferry, broke apart and sank in the Java Sea during a violent storm. The vast majority of the nearly 640 passengers were still missing a day later. Some 200 people survived the sinking.
    (AP, 12/30/06)(Reuters, 1/1/07)
2006        Dec 29, US troops killed six people and destroyed a weapons cache in separate raids in Baghdad and northwest of Baghdad. Suicide bomber Murtada Latif Kadhem (9) bombed a Shiite mosque in Khales, north of Baghdad. The attack killed at least nine people, including the imam of the mosque, and wounded at least eight. The boy’s mother, Suad al-Obaidi, and boyfriend, Hamid Alwan, were arrested in 2011.
    (AP, 12/29/06)(AFP, 11/4/11)
2006        Dec 29, New census figures said Nigeria's population had nearly doubled to an estimated 140 million people since the last count in 1991. Nigerian medical authorities announced that the death toll in the oil pipeline fire in Lagos had risen to 284 after 15 more people succumbed to their injuries in hospital.
    (AP, 12/29/06)
2006        Dec 29, Sinn Fein leaders voted to convene an emergency conference and confront a pivotal issue in Northern Ireland peacemaking, whether the IRA-linked party should support the police.
    (AP, 12/29/06)
2006        Dec 29, In Pakistan more than 30,000 people were crowded into two camps, one for Bugti tribesmen, the other for Marri tribesmen, in desert terrain at Murid Bugti, about 160 miles east of the Baluchistan capital, Quetta. Over the past three months, at least 61 Marri refugees, most of them children, died because of the effects of malnutrition, weather and other hardships. Camp residents said at least 15 Bugti refugees also died.
    (AP, 12/29/06)
2006        Dec 29, A US Marine convicted of raping a Filipino woman was whisked away from a Manila jail to the US Embassy, almost a month after the US and Philippine governments urged a local court to transfer him to American custody during his appeal.
    (AP, 12/29/06)
2006        Dec 29, Somalia's prime minister entered the capital, a day after an Islamic movement's fighters retreated ahead of his Ethiopian-backed troops, and was welcomed by thousands of cheering residents of the battle-scarred city.
    (AP, 12/29/06)
2006        Dec 29, Sudanese military planes bombed two rebel positions in the north of Darfur just days after the head of the African Union's peacekeeping force visited the area to urge the rebels to join a cease-fire agreement. The African Union peacekeeping mission in Sudan called for a halt to such attacks.
    (AP, 12/31/06)
2006        Dec 29, In southern Thailand 2 teachers were shot and burned to death and a government worker gunned down in attacks blamed on Muslim insurgents.
    (AP, 12/29/06)
2006        Dec 29, In Zimbabwe 17 elephants and a rhino were found killed. A game ranger based near the famed Victoria Falls bordering the two countries was wounded. Zambian poachers were suspected.
    (AFP, 12/31/06)

2006        Dec 30, The body of Gerald Washington (57), mayor-elect of Westlake, Louisiana, was found shot to death in the parking lot of a former school. He was the first black man elected to lead the largely white town. On Jan 2 investigators ruled his death a suicide.
    (AP, 1/2/07)(SFC, 1/3/07, p.A2)
2006        Dec 30, In Brazil Rio police killed six suspected criminals as authorities vowed to restore order ahead of a huge New Year's Eve bash on Copacabana Beach, deploying officers across the city two days after gang-initiated violence left 19 dead.
    (AP, 12/31/06)
2006        Dec 30, Saddam Hussein (b.1937) was executed at a former military intelligence headquarters in Baghdad's Shiite neighborhood of Kazimiyah. Within hours of his death, bombings killed at least 80 people, including one planted on a minibus that exploded in a fish market in a mostly Shiite town south of Baghdad. 12 bodies were found dumped in Baghdad.
    (AP, 12/30/06)(SFC, 12/30/06, p.A8)(AP, 12/31/06)
2006        Dec 30, At least 14 people were killed and seven injured when a bus collided with an oil tanker amid heavy morning fog in central Pakistan.
    (AFP, 12/31/06)
2006        Dec 30, Thousands of Somali and Ethiopian troops set off for a showdown with Islamic forces who have regrouped at a southern seaport since abandoning the Somali capital.
    (AP, 12/30/06)
2006        Dec 30, A car bomb exploded in a parking lot at Madrid's glittery new airport terminal, and the government blamed the Basque separatist group ETA. 26 were slightly injured. The bodies of two people from Ecuador were later recovered. This signaled the apparent end of a nine-month ceasefire.
    (AP, 12/31/06)(AP, 1/6/07)
2006        Dec 30, Maria del Carmen Bousada (66) of Spain became the world's oldest mother after she gave birth to twins in the northern city of Barcelona. She had previously undergone in vitro fertilization in Los Angeles. Bousada (69) died of cancer on July 11, 2009, leaving behind her twin toddlers.
    (AP, 12/30/06)(AP, 7/15/09)

2006        Dec 31, The US Medicare prescription drug plan went into effect.
    (AP, 1/1/07)
2006        Dec 31, Colorado Gov. Bill Owens and Kansas Gov. Kathleen Sebelius declared statewide emergencies after a winter storm dumped as much as 3-feet of snow across much of the Plains. Snowdrifts reached 10 feet and 12 people died in 4 states.
    (SFC, 1/1/07, p.A5)(WSJ, 1/2/07, p.A1)
2006        Dec 31, American teenager Farris Hassan, who'd traveled alone to Iraq to experience the lives of its people, returned home to Florida after three weeks in the Middle East.
    (AP, 1/1/07)
2006        Dec 31, In San Francisco members of the Baker’s Dozen, a choral group from Yale, were assaulted on 15th Ave. near Lake Street. Police went under criticism for not making any arrests.
    (SFC, 1/13/07, p.A8)
2006        Dec 31, The International Federation of Journalists announced that the year 2006 was the deadliest for journalists and media workers worldwide, with at least 155 murders and unexplained deaths.
    (AP, 12/31/06)
2006        Dec 31, Scientists reported that they have used genetic engineering techniques to produce the first cattle that may be biologically incapable of getting Mad Cow disease.
    (SFC, 1/1/07, p.A2)
2006        Dec 31, Seymour Martin Lipset (1922), renowned social scientist, died in Virginia. His books included “Political Man" (1960). Lipset had served as a political sociologist and senior fellow at the Hoover Institution and as the Hazel Professor of Public Policy at George Mason University.
    (SSFC, 1/7/07, p.B6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seymour_Martin_Lipset)
2006        Dec 31, Belarus agreed to a more than doubling of the price it pays for Russian gas, signing what it called an "unfortunate" deal two minutes before a midnight New Year's Eve deadline expired.
    (AFP, 1/1/07)
2006        Dec 31, The British Nuclear Group closed two nuclear power stations after 40 years of service. Dungeness A and Sizewell A were the oldest commercial nuclear plants in the world.
    (AP, 12/31/06)(WSJ, 1/2/06, p.A1)
2006        Dec 31, In Bulgaria 2 Chernobyl-era nuclear energy units were shut down at Kozloduy as an accession to Bulgaria’s joining the EU. This led to a cut in energy exports and to soaring energy prices in the Balkans.
    (Econ, 2/10/07, p.51)(http://tinyurl.com/2oyyok)
2006        Dec 31, In Ecuador the Andean Trade Promotion and Drug Eradication Act, a package of trade benefits with the US offered in exchange for cooperation in counter-drug activities expired, but was extended for six months.
    (AP, 5/7/07)
2006        Dec 31, Indonesian rescue boats picked up some 177 exhausted survivors from the Senopati Nusantara, an Indonesian ferry that sank in the Java Sea, but they also recovered dozens of bodies and around 400 people remained missing.
    (AP, 12/31/06)
2006        Dec 31, Japanese media reported that Japanese courts had sentenced 44 people to death in 2006, the largest number in at least 26 years, amid a toughening of sentences for violent crimes.
    (AP, 1/1/07)
2006        Dec 31, Saddam Hussein was buried in the Ouja, the village of his birth, 24 hours after his execution. The death toll for Americans killed in the Iraq war reached 3,000 as President Bush struggled to salvage a military campaign that has scant public support.
    (AP, 12/31/06)(AP, 1/1/07)
2006        Dec 31, Fighting erupted on the outskirts of the last remaining stronghold of Somalia's militant Islamic movement, as thousands of residents streamed from the area ahead of the feared battle with Ethiopian-backed government troops.
    (AP, 12/31/06)
2006        Dec 31, In Thailand 6 bomb blasts rocked Bangkok on New Years Eve and 3 more just after midnight. 3 people were killed 38 wounded. The city cancelled its major New Year's Eve celebrations just as revelers had begun to gather ahead of the countdown.
    (AP, 1/1/07)
2006        Dec 31, Over a thousand Turks spent the first day of the Muslim feast of Eid al-Adha in emergency wards after stabbing themselves or suffering other injuries while sacrificing startled animals.
    (AP, 12/31/06)
2006        Dec 31, Zambian President Levy Mwanawasa rejected IMF directives to introduce more taxes in his impoverished southern African nation.
    (AP, 1/1/07)

2006        Dec, US military commanders showed US lawmakers mortar rounds and other munitions and fragments that had Iranian serial numbers and markings. The news was made public Feb 9, 2007.
    (AP, 2/10/07)
2006        Dec, In California the 4-member Contra Costa County Board of Supervisors raised their annual pay by 60% from $54,000 to $94,000.
    (SFC, 1/2/07, p.B1)
2006        Dec, Fresno, Ca., Mayor Alan Autry said “we must find a way to become energy self-sufficient" as local businessmen unveiled plans for a nuclear power plant.
    (SSFC, 4/8/07, p.A15)
2006        Dec, Javon Thompson (19 months) was starved to death in Baltimore after adults of a cult called 1 Mind Ministries stopped feeding him, in part because he refused to say amen after meals. In April 2007 police found his remains in a suitcase in Philadelphia. In 2008 his mother and 3 cult members were charged with murder.
    (SFC, 8/12/08, p.A6)
2006        Dec, America’s first tidal project became operational after 2 underwater turbines were installed in New York’s East River by Verdant Power, a Canadian-American company. 14 other countries already operated tidal or wave-power stations, but most were tiny, experimental and expensive.
    (Econ, 4/28/07, p.71)
2006        Dec, Australia’s PM John Howard stripped the country’s wheat board of its monopoly following a bribery scandal.
    (Econ, 1/13/07, p.36)
2006        Dec, Brazil’s government agreed to spend $3 million on a bridge to Guyana over the Takutu River. An attempt 5 years earlier had failed over financial irregularities.
    (Econ, 1/13/07, p.36)
2006        Dec, In Brazil a gold rush began in the Amazon jungle after Ivani Valentin da Silva, a math teacher in Apui, posted pictures and stories of Eldorado do Juma on the Internet.
    (AP, 2/3/07)
2006        Dec, Britain’s Ministry of Defense revealed that it had already signed contracts with private suppliers worth about $50 billion (£26 billion) over the next 30 years.
    (Econ, 1/13/07, p.51)
2006        Dec, In Egypt some 18,000 textile workers went on strike at Mahalla over low wages and purported corruption. They won an annual bonus worth 45 days’ pay.
    (SFC, 2/20/07, p.A11)
2006        Dec, The German jobless total rose back above four million, after unemployment in the eurozone's biggest economy fell to a four-year low the previous month.
    (AFP, 1/3/07)
2006        Dec, Ghana floated a 5-year bond issue for the first time. It was oversubscribed.
    (Econ, 10/11/08, p.36)
2006        Dec, In Indonesia the Constitutional Court struck out clauses in the criminal code that made it a crime to insult senior figures.
    (Econ, 5/24/08, p.64)
2006        Dec, In Madagascar laws came into effect requiring gold panners and collectors to register with the government and pay for permits.
    (SSFC, 7/8/07, p.C4)
2006        Dec, Vietnam’s PM Nguyen Tan Dung signed a directive to issue shares in its national airline in 2008 and planned to partially privatize more than 50 other major state-owned enterprises by 2010.
    (AFP, 1/2/07)

2006        Richard Serra created his monumental sculpture “Band." In 2007 Eli Broad, real estate magnate, gave $10 million to have it installed at the Broad Contemporary Art Museum in Los Angeles.
    (SFC, 2/18/08, p.E1)

2006        Hirsi Ali (36), a refugee from Somalia and member of the Dutch Parliament, authored  "The Caged Virgin," a look at immigration, integration, women's rights and the place of Islam in Western countries. Hirsi Ali, who was raised a strict Muslim, now calls herself an atheist. She would like to see a Muslim Reformation of the kind that remade European Christianity in the 16th century.
    (AP, 4/28/06)
2006        Chris Anderson authored “The Long Tail: Why the Future of Business is Selling Less of More." It expanded an economic theory, which he first proposed in 2004, on the importance of niche products as compared to block buster hits.
    (SSFC, 7/16/06, p.F1)(Econ, 7/8/06, p.77)
2006        Peter Annin authored “The Great Lakes Water Wars."
    (Econ, 5/22/10, p.36)
2006        David Apgar authored “Risk Intelligence: Learning to Manage What We Don’t Know."
    (WSJ, 12/8/06, p.W6)
2006        Kwame Anthony Appiah, Princeton philosopher, authored “Cosmopolitanism: Ethics in a World of Strangers."
    (Econ, 6/14/08, p.104)
2006        Bob Armstrong authored “Vanilla Slim: An Improbable Pimp in the Empire of Lust," in which he documents his 8-month stint at a SF escort service.
    (SSFC, 2/19/06, p.M3)
2006        Anders Aslund and Michael McFaul edited “Revolution in Orange: The Origins of Ukraine’s Democratic Breakthrough."
    (Econ, 5/6/06, p.84)
2006        Nicolas Baverez (b.1961) authored “New World, Old France," a follow-up to his 2003 book, “France in Freefall," cataloguing the nihilism of the French.
    (Econ, 2/4/06, p.46)
2006        Bruce Bawer authored “While Europe Slept: How Radical Islam is Destroying the West from Within."
    (Econ, 6/24/06, p.99)
2006        Moazzam Begg (37), an English citizen released as a detainee from Guantanamo after being held for 3 years without charges, authored "Enemy Combatant: A British Muslim's Journey to Guantanamo and Back."
    (AP, 3/7/06)
2006        Eric Beinhocker authored “The Origin of Wealth: Evolution, Complexity, and the Radical Remaking of Economics."
    (Econ, 7/22/06, p.74)
2006        Thomas Bender authored “A Nation Among Nations: America’s Place in World History," an effort to relocate US history within an interdependent world.
    (SSFC, 4/23/06, p.M1)
2006        Barton Biggs authored “Hedge Hogging." It describes the players and funds active in the lightly controlled Hedge Fund industry.
    (WSJ, 2/17/06, p.W8)
2006        David Blackbourn authored “The Conquest of Nature: Water, Landscape and the Making of Modern Germany." He covered water management in Germany over the past 250 years.
    (Econ, 2/18/06, p.80)
2006        Gadi Bloom and Nir Hefez authored “Ariel Sharon: A Life."
    (WSJ, 10/3/06, p.D5)
2006        Sidney Blumenthal authored “How Bush Rules: Chronicles of a Radical Regime." It was an examination of Bush’s Iraq policy.
    (SSFC, 10/1/06, p.G1)
2006        Max Boot authored “War Made New: Technology Warfare and the Course of History 1500 to Today."
    (WSJ, 10/31/06, p.D5)
2006        Doubleday published “While Europe Slept" by Bruce Bower. He described how asylum seekers and radical Muslims moved to northern Europe and quickly learned to work the social welfare systems to their advantage.
    (WSJ, 2/18/06, p.P8)
2006        Tom Bower authored “Outrageous Fortune: The Rise and Ruin of Conrad and Lady Black." It documented Black’s looting of his media conglomerate.
    (Econ, 11/18/06, p.87)
2006        James Bowman authored “Honor: A History."
    (WSJ, 6/5/06, p.D8)
2006        Ian Bremmer authored “The J Curve: A New Way to Understand Why Nations Rise and Fall." In his graph the x axis measures political openness, and the y axis measures the stability of a country.
    (Econ, 9/2/06, p.75)
2006        Louann Brizendine (53) authored “The Female Brain."
    (SSFC, 8/6/06, p.A1)
2006        John Butman and Michael Silverstein authored "Treasure Chest: Inside the Mind of the New Consumer," an examination of consumer tendencies to both splurge on luxury items and trading down for basic goods.
    (Econ, 5/20/06, p.68)
2006        Brazil’s former Pres. Fernando Henrique Cardoso authored “The Accidental President of Brazil: A Memoir"
    (WSJ, 4/6/06, p.D8)(Econ, 4/8/06, p.81)
2006        James Carroll authored “House of War: The Pentagon and the Disastrous Rise of American Power," in which he chronicled the Pentagon’s continuity over the last 6 decades.
    (SSFC, 5/21/06, p.M3)
2006        Rajiv Chandrasekaran authored “Imperial Life in the Emerald City," a look at the civilian administration of Baghdad since the fall of Saddam Hussein.
    (WSJ, 11/11/06, p.P11)
2006        Sarah Chayes authored “The Punishment of Virtue: Inside Afghanistan After the Taliban."
    (SSFC, 8/27/06, p.M3)
2006        Pip Coburn authored “The Change Function." He argued that technology will be successful if the pain associated with adopting it is less than the pain associated with the status quo and that successful technologies tend to exploit crisis in one form or another.
    (WSJ, 8/9/06, p.D12)
2006        Gordon Corera authored “Shopping for Bombs: Nuclear Proliferation, Global Insecurity and the Rise and Fall of the A.Q. Khan Network."
    (Econ, 7/29/06, p.75)
2006        Robert D. Crews authored “For Prophet and Tsar: Islam and Empire in Russia and Central Asia."
    (Econ, 7/15/06, p.80)
2006        Bunny Crumpacker authored “The Sex Life of Food."
    (WSJ, 4/1/06, p.P11)
2006        Simon & Schuster published “Hershey: Milton S. Hershey’s Extraordinary Life of Wealth, Empire and Utopian Dreams" by NY writer Michael D’Antonio.
    (SFC, 12/20/05, p.D14)
2006        David Brion Davis authored “Inhuman Bondage: The Rise and Fall of Slavery in the New World."
    (WSJ, 3/24/06, p.W4)
2006        Richard Dawkins, Oxford professor, authored “The God Delusion," a comprehensive case against religion. By April 2007 it marked 28 weeks on the NY Times hardcover, non-fiction, best-seller list.
    (Econ, 9/23/06, p.93)(WSJ, 4/1207, p.A11)
2006        Viking published “Breaking the Spell: Religion as a Natural Phenomenon" by Daniel C. Dennett. “Most religions have built-in mechanisms to discourage objective evaluation, investigation and criticism."
    (SSFC, 2/5/06, p.M3)
2006        Julian Dibbell authored “Play Money: Or, How I Quit My Day Job and Made Millions Trading Virtual Loot."
    (Econ, 12/10/11, p.7)
2006        Joshua Foa Dienstag authored “Pessimism: Philosophy, Ethic, Spirit."
    (WSJ, 9/15/06, p.W1)
2006        North Dakota Sen. Byron Dorgan authored “Take This Job and Ship It: How Corporate Greed and Brain-Dead Politics Are Selling Our America."
    (Econ, 1/9/10, p.32)
2006        Crown Forum published “Crunchy Cons" by Rod Dreher. In 2002 Dreher coined the term “crunchy conservatism" to describe the political hybrid of a right-wing conservative with countercultural sensibilities.
    (WSJ, 2/21/06, p.D8)
2006        Ross W. Duffin authored “How Equal Temperament Ruined Harmony (And why You Should Care)."
    (WSJ, 12/29/06, p.W6)
2006        Carol Dweck, Stanford psychologist, authored “Mindset: The New Psychology of success."
    (SFC, 10/18/11, p.E1)
2006        Ronald W. Dworkin, anesthesiologist and philosopher, authored “Artificial Happiness."
    (WSJ, 6/24/06, p.P12)
2006        William Easterly authored “The White Man’s Burden: Why the West’s Efforts to Aid the Rest Have Done So Much Ill and So Little Good."
    (SSFC, 3/19/06, p.M1)
2006        Dave Eggers authored “What Is the What: The Autobiography of Achak Deng." Deng, a Sudanese “lost boy," managed to escape to Ethiopia and work his way to Kenya and ultimately America in 2001. Eggers’ novel is based on interviews with Deng. In 2010 Deng returned to his home in Marial Bai, South Sudan.
    (SSFC, 12/24/06, p.M1)(Econ, 2/5/11, p.58)
2006        John Erroll and David Erroll authored “American Genius: Nineteenth Century Bank Locks and Time Locks."
    (WSJ, 12/2/06, p.P9)
2006        Daniel Estulin, Lithuanian-born writer, authored "The Secrets of the Bilderberg Club," in which he argues that the international Bilderberg group largely runs the world. It has held a secretive annual forum of prominent politicians, thinkers and businessmen since it was founded in 1954 at the Bilderberg Hotel in Holland. Estulin published a second book, Los secretos del club Bilderberg, released in September 2006. The English version, The Secrets of the Bilderberg Club, was released in the US on September 22, 2007.
    (AP, 8/19/10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daniel_Estulin)
2006        Sister Margaret Farley, a member of the Sisters of Mercy religious order and emeritus professor of Christian ethics at Yale Divinity School, authored "Just Love: A Framework for Christian Sexual Ethics." In 2012 the Vatican said the book posed "grave harm" to the faithful.
    (AP, 6/4/12)
2006        Niall Ferguson authored “The War of the World: History’s Age of Hatred." The American edition was subtitled “Twentieth Century Conflict and the Descent of the West."
    (Econ, 6/3/06, p.80)
2006        Felipe Fernandez-Armesto authored “Pathfinders," a history of exploration.
    (WSJ, 11/18/06, p.P11)
2006        Tim Flannery authored “The Weather Makers: How Man is Changing the Climate and What it Means for Life on Earth."
    (Econ, 3/4/06, p.76)
2006        John Franch authored “Robber Baron: The Life of Charles Tyson Yerkes." Yerkes (1837-1905) was instrumental in expanding the streetcar business of Chicago and transforming the London underground.
    (Econ, 12/20/14, p.71)
2006        Michael Frayn authored “The Human Touch: Our Part in the Creation of the Universe." He addressed the question: How much of man’s conception of the world is made up by man?
    (Econ, 9/9/06, p.80)
2006        Political theorist Francis Fukuyama authored “America at the Crossroads: Democracy, Power and the Neoconservative Legacy." The book reflected a reversal of his 1998 position advocating the overthrow of Saddam Hussein.
    (WSJ, 3/11/06, p.P10)
2006        Ruth Wilson Gilmore authored “Golden Gulag: Prisons, Surplus, Crisis and Opposition in Globalizing California."
    (SSFC, 12/31/06, p.M1)
2006        Daniel Golden authored “The Price of Admission: How America’s Ruling Class Buys Its Way Into Elite Colleges—and Who Gets Left Outside the Gates."
    (Econ, 9/23/06, p.38)(http://tinyurl.com/k33d8)
2006        Jack Goldsmith and Tim Wu authored “Who Controls the Internet," a look at the ways governments make themselves felt in cyberspace.
    (WSJ, 4/13/06, p.D8)
2006        Thomas Goltz authored “Georgia Diary: A Chronicle of War and Political Chaos in the Post-Soviet Caucasus."
    (WSJ, 11/18/06, p.P11)
2006        Roger S. Gottlieb authored “A Greener Faith: Religious Environmentalism and Our Planet’s Future."
    (SSFC, 7/2/06, p.M2)
2006        Stuart P. Green authored “Lying, Cheating, and Stealing: A Moral Theory of White-Collar Crime."
    (WSJ, 7/27/06, p.D7)
2006        Adam Greenfield authored “Everywhere: The Dawning Age of Ubiquitous Computing.
(Econ, 4/28/07, SR p.18)
2006        Jacob Hacker authored “The Great Risk Shift," in which he argued that the defining economic shift of recent times has been the increasing instability facing American families.
    (Econ, 1/6/07, p.63)
2006        Thomas Hager authored “The Demon Under the Microscope," the story of sulfa drugs, the first medications to cure bacterial infection.
    (WSJ, 9/30/06, p.P9)
2006        Efraim Halevy authored “Man in the Shadows: Inside the Middle East Crises with a Man Who Led the Mossad."
    (Econ, 4/1/06, p.67)
2006        Steve Hamm authored “Bangalore Tiger: How Indian Tech Upstart WIPRO is Rewriting the Rules of Global Competition."
    (Econ, 7/7/07, p.80)
2006        Paul M. Handley authored “The King Never Smiles: A Biography of Thailand’s Bhumidiol Adulyadej. The import of Handley's book into Thailand was banned by police order even before its publication.
    (Econ, 7/29/06, p.74)(AP, 1/10/08)
2006        James K. Harter and Rodd Wagner authored 12 Elements of Great Managing.
    (WSJ, 1/10/07, p.D10)
2006        Ahmed S. Hashim, a professor at the naval War College at Newport, RI., authored “Insurgency and Counter-Insurgency in Iraq."
    (Econ, 2/4/06, p.74)
2006        E.D. Hirsch Jr. authored “The Knowledge Deficit: Closing the Shocking Education Gap for American Children." He argues that students who don’t master the common culture can’t possibly become intelligent readers.
    (WSJ, 5/4/06, p.D8)
2006        Nina G. Jablonski authored “Skin: A Natural History."
    (SSFC, 10/22/06, p.M1)
2006        Thomas Joiner authored “Why People Die by Suicide."
    (WSJ, 4/15/06, p.P8)
2006        Ann Jones authored “Kabul in Winter: Life Without Peace in Afghanistan."
    (SSFC, 3/19/06, p.M3)
2006        Frederick Kagan authored “Finding the Target: The Transformation of American Military Policy." He argued that the US has become increasingly captive to a high-technology view of war, which cannot achieve the political ends for which wars are fought.
    (WSJ, 11/29/06, p.D10)
2006        Robert Kagan authored “Dangerous Nation: America's Place in the World from its Earliest Days to the Dawn of the 20th Century."
    (WSJ, 10/17/06, p.D8)
2006        Ashley Kahn authored “The House that Trane Built: The Story of Impulse Records."
    (Econ, 9/30/06, p.92 )
2006        Robert Blair Kaiser authored “A Church in Search of Itself: Benedict XVI and the Battle for the Future."
    (SSFC, 3/19/06, p.M2)
2006        Alan Kelly authored “The Elements of Influence: The New Essential System for Managing Competition, Reputation, Brand and Buzz."
    (WSJ, 11/1/06, p.D10)
2006        Paul Kennedy authored “The Parliament of Man: The Past, Present and Future of the United Nations."
    (WSJ, 6/28/06, p.D10)(Econ, 7/15/06, p.81)
2006        Iain King and Whit Mason authored “Peace at any Price: How the World Failed Kosovo." The book analyzed NATO’s intervention in Kosovo since 1999.
    (Econ, 9/23/06, p.94)
2006        Rashid Khalidi authored “The Iron Cage: The Story of the Palestinian Struggle for Statehood."
    (Econ, 11/25/06, p.86)
2006        William J and Winifred A. Krause authored “The Opossum: Its Amazing Story."
    (http://web.missouri.edu/~krausew/Histology/Home_files/opossum.pdf)
2006        Askold Krushelnycky authored “An Orange Revolution: A Personal Journey Through Ukrainian History."
    (Econ, 5/6/06, p.84)
2006        Mark Kurlansky authored “The Big Oyster: History on the Half Shell," a history of oyster in the estuary of the Hudson River.
    (WSJ, 3/10/06, p.W4)
2006        Seymour Lachman, former New York state senator, authored “Three Men in a Room," a description of how state power in New York is entrenched in the hands of the governor, the Senate majority leader and the Assembly speaker.
    (Econ, 11/4/06, p.40)
2006        Jonathan Laurence and Justin Vaisse authored “Integrating Islam." They focused on French efforts to integrate its Muslim population and expressed a cautiously optimistic tone.
    (WSJ, 10/26/06, p.D6)
2006        Derek Leebaert authored “To Dare and To Conquer," a survey of daring, covert and imaginative military adventures dating back to Troy.
    (WSJ, 3/28/06, p.D8)
2006        Lawrence Lessig authored “Code: Version 2.0," in which he noted that online communities were transcending the limits of conventional states. He predicted that members of these communities would find it “difficult to stand neutral in this int’l. space."
    (Econ, 7/24/10, p.59)
2006        Theodore Levin authored “Where Rivers and Mountains Sing," a look at the music of Tuva and how throat-singing has infiltrated popular culture around the world.
    (WSJ, 4/1/06, p.A5)
2006        Robert Litan and Ben Steil authored “Financial Statecraft: The Role of Financial Markets in American Foreign Policy."
    (Econ, 3/25/06, p.87)
2006        John Lloyd and John Mitchinson authored “The Book of General Ignorance," a compendium of popular misconceptions, misunderstandings and common mistakes culled from the hit BBC show, QI.
    (Econ, 1/13/07, p.77)
2006        Edward Luce authored “In Spite of the Gods: The Rise of Modern India."
    (Econ, 8/26/06, p.67)
2006        Kristin Luker authored “When Sex Goes to School: Warring Views on Sex and Sex Education Since the Sixties."
    (SSFC, 6/4/06, p.M1)
2006        Yale Univ. published “History’s Locomotives" by Martin Malia (d.2004). He examined major historical events that caused historical radical new social arrangements.
    (WSJ, 12/23/06, p.P10)
2006        Tom Mann and Norman Ornstein authored “The Broken Branch: How Congress Is Failing America and How to Get It Back on Track." Congress under Pres. GW Bush averaged under 250 days in session.
    (Econ, 7/15/06, p.32)
2006        Public Affairs published “The Case for Goliath: How America Acts as the World’s Government in the 21st Century" by Michael Mandelbaum.
    (Econ, 1/14/06, p.81)
2006        Meir Margalit authored “Discrimination in the Heart of the Holy City," an account of the differences between the Israeli and Palestinian sides of Jerusalem.
    (Econ, 4/15/06, p.27)
2006        Brooke A. Masters authored “Spoiling for a Fight: The Rise of Eliot Spitzer."
    (WSJ, 7/28/06, p.W4)
2006        Deirdre N. McCloskey authored “The Bourgeois Virtues: Ethics for an Age of Commerce."
    (WSJ, 7/22/06, p.P10)
2006        Ben McConnell and Jackie Huba authored “Citizen Marketers: When People Are the Message," a look at how the Internet has armed the consumer against corporate advertising.
    (WSJ, 12/20/06, p.D10)
2006        Ralph M. McInerny, novelist and professor of medieval philosophy, authored his autobiography: “I Alone Have Escaped To Tell You."
    (WSJ, 4/7/06, p.W7)
2006        The Atlantic Monthly Press published “Happiness: A History" by Darrin M. McMahon.
    (WSJ, 1/21/06, p.P11)
2006        Christian Miller authored “Blood Money: Wasted Billions, Lost Lives, and Corporate Greed in Iraq."
    (SFC, 9/1/06, p.E2)
2006        Stephen Miller authored “Conversation: A History of a Declining Art," in which he worried that “neither digital music players nor computers were invented to help people avoid real conversation, but they have that effect."
    (WSJ, 3/25/06, p.P8)(Econ, 12/23/06, p.82)
2006        Marvin Minsky authored “The Emotion Machine: Commonsense Thinking, Artificial Intelligence, and the Future of the Human Mind."
    (SSFC, 12/10/06, p.M1)
2006        Frederic Mishkin authored “The Next Great Globalization," in which he posed that the next globalization will be financial in character with money flowing into emerging economies.
    (Econ, 11/18/06, p.82)
2006        Viking published “Where the Lightning Strikes: The Lives of American Indian Sacred Places," by Peter Nabokov.
    (SSFC, 1/29/06, p.M2)
2006        Vali Nasr authored “The Shia Revival: How Conflicts within Islam will Shape the Future."
    (Econ, 9/9/06, p.80)
2006        Jerry Newman authored “My Secret Life on the McJob: Lessons from Behind the Counter to Supersize Any Management Style."
    (WSJ, 1/17/07, p.D11)
2006        Julius Norwich authored “The Middle Sea: A History of the Mediterranean."
    (Econ, 11/18/06, p.89)
2006        Barack Obama, US Senator from Illinois, authored “The Audacity of Hope: Thoughts on Reclaiming the American Dream."
    (Econ, 10/28/06, p.42)
2006        Avner Offer authored “The Challenge of Affluence: Self-Control and Well-Being in the United States and Britain Since 1950."
    (Econ, 4/29/06, p.86)
2006        Maureen Ogle authored “Ambitious Brew: The Story of American Beer."
    (WSJ, 10/28/06, p.P13)
2006        Tom Perkins, a Silicon Valley venture capitalist, authored his novel “Sex and the Single Zillionaire."
    (Econ, 10/1/11, p.74)
2006        Fred Pierce authored “When the Rivers Run Dry: Water – The Defining Crisis of the Twenty-First Century.
    (SSFC, 4/2/06, p.M1)
2006        Gary P. Pisano authored “Science Business: The Promise, the Reality, and the Future of Biotech." The book included a history of pharmaceuticals and biotechnology.
    (WSJ, 1/3/07, p.D9)
2006        Michael Pollan authored “The Omnivore’s Dilemma: A Natural History of Four Meals," an indictment of the American industrial food system."
    (SFC, 10/28/09, p.E1)
2006        Clyde Prestocz authored “Three Billion New Capitalists: The Great Shift of Wealth and Power to the East.'' It argues that the United States faces such serious fiscal and competitive challenges that we may be headed not only for a declining standard of living but for a 1930's-style depression with a capital D.
    (http://tinyurl.com/mf7f8)(Econ, 7/29/06, p.70)
2006        Gavin Pretor-Pinney authored “The Cloudspotter’s Guide: The Science, History and Culture of Clouds."
    (Econ, 5/27/06, p.81)
2006        David Pryce-Jones authored “Betrayal: France, the Arabs and the Jews," an examination of the French foreign ministry’s hostility to Israel.
    (WSJ, 11/15/06, p.D14)
2006        Afshin Rattansi’s debut novels, “The Dream of the Decade, The London Novels," were published in London in a single volume.
    (www.buzzle.com/editorials/1-12-2006-86169.asp)
2006        Frank Rich authored “The Greatest Story Ever Sold: The Decline and Fall of Truth From 9/11 to Katrina," an examination of President Bush’s policies since 9/11.
    (SSFC, 10/1/06, p.G1)
2006        Jeffrey T. Richelson authored “Spying on the Bomb," a history of America’s efforts to gather intelligence about the nuclear programs of other countries.
    (WSJ, 3/22/06, p.D10)
2006        Thomas E. Ricks authored “Fiasco: The American Military Adventure in Iraq."
    (WSJ, 8/16/06, p.D12)(Econ, 8/19/06, p.71)
2006        James Risen authored “State of War." One chapter recounted botched efforts by the CIA during the Clinton administration to to trick Iranian scientists. In 2010 former CIA officer Jeffrey Sterling was accused of being Risen’s source. Sterling was indicted on Espionage Act charges.
    (SFC, 7/20/13, p.A6)
2006        Andrew Roberts authored “A History of the English-Speaking Peoples Since 1900." This continued Winston Churchill’s 4-volume work from the 1950s.
    (WSJ, 2/2/07, p.W8)
2006        The Univ. of Kansas published “Antonin Scalia’s Jurisprudence" by Ralph A. Rossum.
    (WSJ, 1/31/06, p.D8)
2006        Gerhard Schroder, former chancellor of Germany, authored his memoir “Decisions: My Life in Politics."
    (Econ, 10/21/06, p.60)
2006        David G. Schwartz authored “Roll the Bones: The History of Gambling."
    (WSJ, 10/27/06, p.W5)
2006        Richard H. Shultz Jr. and Andrea J. Dew authored “Insurgents, Terrorists and Militias," a briefing on non-Western hit-and-run tactics.
    (WSJ, 7/19/06, p.D14)
2006        Tavis Smiley authored “Covenant With Black America," a call for African Americans to start addressing real problems.
    (SFC, 2/17/07, p.A1)
2006        Lee Smolin authored “The Trouble With Physics: The Rise of String Theory, the Fall of Science, and What Comes Next."
    (SFC, 10/13/06, p.E6)(WSJ, 12/2/06, p.P9)
2006        C. John Sommerville authored “The Decline of the American University."
    (WSJ, 8/4/06, p.W4)
2006        Alexander Stille authored “The Sack of Rome: How a Beautiful European Country with a Fabled History and a Storied Culture Was Taken over by a Man Named Silvio Berlusconi."
    (SFC, 6/15/06, p.D7)
2006        James Sullivan authored “Jeans: A Cultural History of an American Icon."
    (SSFC, 8/20/06, p.M4)
2006        Jean Tirole of the Univ. of Toulouse authored “The Theory of Corporate Finance."
    (Econ, 2/11/06, p.74)
2006        Amartya Sen, Nobel Prize winning economist, authored “Identity and Violence: The Illusion of Destiny" as part of the Norton’s series “Issues of Our Times."
    (Econ, 5/13/06, p.94)
2006        David Shenk authored “The Immortal Game," a history of chess.
    (WSJ, 11/4/06, p.P11)
2006        Gary Shteyngart, Russian-born American writer, authored his novel “Absurdistan."
    (SSFC, 1/5/14, p.F3)
2006        Andrew F. Smith, food historian, authored “The Turkey: An American Story."
    (WSJ, 11/18/06, p.P10)
2006        Wole Soyinka, Nigerian Nobel Prize winning writer (1986), authored “You Must Set Forth at Dawn," a memoir that followed up on his childhood memoir “Ake."
    (SSFC, 4/23/06, p.M3)
2006        Tristram Stuart authored “The Bloodless Revolution: “Radical Vegetarians and the Discovery of India." In 2007 the American version was subtitled “A Cultural History of Vegetarianism from 1600 to Modern Times."
    (SSFC, 1/7/07, p.M1)
2006        Don Tapscott and Anthony Williams authored “Wikinomics: How Mass Collaboration Changes Everything."
    (Econ, 9/25/10, p.82)(http://tinyurl.com/2gvvxa)
2006        Christopher S. Thompson authored “The Tour De France: A Cultural History."
    (WSJ, 7/21/06, p.W3)
2006        James Traub authored “The Best Intentions," an account of Kofi Annan’s tenure as general secretary of the UN.
    (WSJ, 11/8/06, p.D8)
2006        Giles Tremlett authored “Ghosts of Spain: Travels Through a Country's Hidden Past."
    (WSJ, 2/3/07, p.P13)
2006        Don Van Natta authored “First Off the Tee—Presidential Hackers, Duffers and Cheaters from Taft to Bush."
    (Econ, 4/8/06, p.32)
2006        Milton Viorst authored “Storm from the East: The Struggle Between the Arab World and the Christian West."
    (Econ, 6/24/06, p.99)
2006        David Warsh authored “Knowledge and the Wealth of Nations," a discussion of the development of the theories of political economy and a look at the economics of increasing returns.
    (Econ, 5/20/06, p.80)(WSJ, 8/2/06, p.D10)
2006        Harriet A. Washington authored “Medical Apartheid: The Dark History of Medical Experimentation on Black Americans From Colonial Times to the Present."
    (SSFC, 12/31/06, p.M1)
2006        Gabriel Weimann authored “Terror on the Internet: The New Arena, the New Challenges."
    (Econ, 4/29/06, p.87)
2006        Cornel West authored “Covenant with Black America," a national plan of action to address 10 pressing issues affecting African Americans.
    (SFC, 3/2/06, p.B2)
2006        Peter Wood authored “A Bee in the Mouth: Anger in America Now."
    (WSJ, 12/30/06, p.P6)
2006        Houghton Mifflin published “The Man on Whom Nothing Was Lost: The Grand Strategy of Charles Hill" by Molly Worthen. Hill, a professional diplomat, had led a “Grand Strategy" seminar at Yale.
    (www.bestprices.com/cgi-bin/vlink/0618574670BT.html)
2006        Lawrence Wright authored “The Looming Tower: Al-Qaeda and the Road to 9/11." In 2007 he adopted the book for the stage.
    (WSJ, 8/11/06, p.W1)(Econ, 8/5/06, p.74)(Econ, 3/10/07, p.84)
2006        Tom Zoellner authored “The Heartless Stone: A Journey Through the World of Diamonds, Deceit and Desire."
    (WSJ, 6/24/06, p.P13)(www.theheartlessstone.com/)
2006        Mark Yost authored “Tailgating, Sacks, and Salary Caps: How the NFL Became the Most Successful Sports League in History."
    (WSJ, 1/18/07, p.D7)

2006        The word game Bananagrams, created by Rhode Island native Abraham Nathanson (1929-2010), made its debut at the London Toy Fair. In 2009 it was named game of the year by the Toy Industry Association.
    (SFC, 6/11/10, p.C7)

2006        Global Zero was founded by Bruce Blair, a former Minuteman ballistic missile launch-control officer. The group, dedicated to nuclear disarmament, announced itself in December 2008.
    (Econ, 6/18/11, p.69)(http://www.globalzero.org/)

2006        The US government ended tax incentives for American firms manufacturing in Puerto Rico.
    (Econ, 10/26/13, p.18)
2006        The US Navy planned to launch 2 versions of its new Littoral Combat Ships (LCS), currently under construction in Wisconsin and Alabama.
    (SFC, 6/16/06, p.A24)
2006        US Sec. of Defense Donald Rumsfeld held a stake in Gilead Sciences valued at between $5 million and $25 million, according to federal financial disclosures filed by Rumsfeld. Tamiflu is manufactured and marketed by Swiss pharma giant Roche. Gilead receives a royalty from Roche equaling about 10% of sales. Former Secretary of State George Shultz, who is on Gilead's board, has sold more than $7 million worth of Gilead since the beginning of 2005. Rumsfeld reclused himself from any decisions involving Gilead when he left Gilead and became Secretary of Defense.
    (http://money.cnn.com/2005/10/31/news/newsmakers/fortune_rumsfeld/)
2006        US Representatives Louise Slaughter, D-NY, and Tim Waltz, D-Minn., proposed legislation called the Stock Act, or Stop Trading on Congressional Knowledge Act, to ban members of Congress from insider trading. The legislation went nowhere.
    (SFC, 11/12/11, p.A12)

2006        Representatives of twenty or more airlines were caught conspiring to fix prices on int’l. cargo services. The airlines were forced to pay over $3 billion in penalties.
    (SFC, 4/21/14, p.67)

2006        The California Dept. of Corrections and Rehabilitation had an operating budget of $8.8 billion for this year to oversee the state prison system, which housed some 172,000 inmates. 1,423 employees earned at least $50,000 in overtime. 36 workers received over $100,000 in overtime pay.
    (SSFC, 7/15/07, p.A1,11)
2006        In California the top 1% of earners paid 48% of all income taxes.
    (Econ, 2/21/09, p.31)

2006        Franklin Acosta de Vargas (34) was arrested in Queens, NYC, on suspicion of drunk driving. Vargas led gang members from the Dominican Republic who preyed on rival drug dealers along the East Coast, stealing their money and cocaine. They allegedly bound their victims with duct tape, beat them and held guns to their heads to get them to reveal information. The bandits also applied pliers to their genitals and pressed hot irons to the soles of their feet. His lieutenant, Rudy Martinez, kept the operation alive, but was arrested in 2007.
    (AP, 7/18/08)

2006        In Michigan Kristina Adkins (13) killed her grandmother, Virginia Bentley, by poisoning. In 2008 Adkins was sentenced to life in prison with a chance for parole in 20 years.
    (SFC, 11/1/08, p.A3)

2006        Virginia voters in a referendum passed a ban on gay marriage.
    (Econ, 2/22/14, p.24)

2006        Boeing developed its Large Cargo Freighter, a converted 747, to handle large cargo for its new 787 Dreamliner. The makeover was performed in Taiwan.
    (WSJ, 1/8/07, p.A1)

2006        Atlas Van Lines brought 6,700 families to Florida and took 8,000 out, the first time it has moved more out than in.
    (WSJ, 9/29/07, p.A1)

2006        A study by Ron Brakke, a Dallas-based animal health consultant, found that the region around Kansas City, Mo., housed over 120 companies serving the animal health and nutrition industries. This led to a branding campaign by Kansas City to designate the region as the “Animal Health Corridor."
    (Econ, 12/1/07, p.38)

2006        An auto accident in Pennsylvania that left 2 men dead was later attributed to a defective replacement tire from China. In 2007 it was estimated that some 450,000 tires imported by Foreign Tire Sales Inc. of New Jersey from Hangzhou Zhongce Rubber Co. were defective.
    (WSJ, 6/26/07, p.A1)

2006        Newark, New Jersey, counted 104 murders this year.
    (Econ, 2/10/07, p.32)

2006        Neville Isdell, CEO of Coca-Cola, received $7.5 million in salary and pay as part of a compensation package totaling $32.3 million.
    (WSJ, 3/10/07, p.A7)
2006        Ken Lewis, CEO of Bank of America, received $114.4 million in total pay for this year.
    (Econ, 3/24/07, p.71)

2006        Goldman Sachs acquired the Art Institute of California-San Francisco.
    (SFC, 1/4/07, p.B10)
2006        Lloyd Blankfein, head of Goldman Sachs, pocketed some $50 million this year.
    (Econ, 12/23/06, p.111)

2006        Nielsen, a firm that tracks what people watch on TV, was purchased by 6 private equity firms including Blackstone, the Carlyle Group, and Kohlberg Kravis Roberts for almost $11 billion, one of the largest leveraged buyouts on record. Nielsen went public in 2011.
    (Econ, 1/29/11, p.72)
2006        Univision, an Hispanic television network in the US, was bought by private equity firms for $13.7 billion.
    (SFC, 12/27/12, p.69)

2006        Financial speculation this year forced the futures price of some commodities well above the spot level in an unusual phenomenon known as contango. This led to a commodity sell-off.
    (Econ, 1/13/07, p.65)

2006        McDonald’s sold its 90% stake in Chipotle, its Mexican grill chain.
    (Econ, 1/18/14, p.68)

2006        A Stradivarius violin fetched a record $3.5 million at auction.
    (Econ, 12/23/06, p.111)

2006        Robert Congel of Pyramid Companies, planned to develop a $20 billion mall named Destiny in Syracuse, New York. He hoped to accompany it with a 325-acre research and development park just north of the city.
    (Econ, 5/6/06, p.35)

2006        Amazon.com under Jeff Bezos launched Amazon Web Services and invented cloud-computing as a pay-as-you-go service.
    (Econ, 6/21/14, p.23)(Econ, 8/30/14, p.59)
2006        Tim Berners Lee, creator of the world wide web, helped establish the Web Science Research Initiative (WSRI), a collaboration between MIT and the Univ. of Southampton on web science, a field that blends sociology with computer science.
    (Econ, 3/10/07, TQ p.32)
2006        Niklas Zennström and Janus Friis (founders of Skype and Kazaa) began developing Joost, a system for distributing TV shows and other forms of video over the Web using peer-to-peer TV technology (www.joost.com/).
    (Econ, 6/9/07, TQ p.9)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joost)
2006        Microsoft retired MSN Search in favor of the Live Search brand.
    (SFC, 2/2/08, p.C1)
2006        Frances E. Allen (b.1932), pioneer in the field of optimizing compilers, became the first woman to earn the Turing Award, regarded as the Nobel Prize of computing.
    (SFC, 2/18/14, p.A6)
2006        Wikileaks, a website specializing in information provided by whistle-blowers, began operations. It was believed to have founded by an Austrian living in Kenya.
    (Econ, 3/8/08, p.68)

2006        In California an epidemic of valley fever, clinically known as coccidioidomycosis, resulted in over 5,500 cases and 33 deaths. The cases included 514 among inmates at Pleasant Valley State Prison. The disease was endemic in the southwest US and was triggered by spores rising from disturbed soil.
    (SFC, 12/29/07, p.A3)
2006        California’s EPA chief asked the San Mateo Housing Dept. to help relocate concerned residents of Daly City’s Midway Village.
    (SFC, 3/2/09, p.B1)
2006        Gilead Sciences of California launched Atripla, a once-a-day, one-pill combination of Truvada and another drug to treat AIDS.
    (Econ, 6/2/12, p.80)(http://www.atripla.com/)
2006        In SF the number of homicides for the year totaled 85, with 28 of them in the Bayview neighborhood.
    (SFC, 1/15/08, p.B1)

2006        Jack Block (1924-2010), a US researcher in human development, declared that his long term “Block Study" showed that whinny children grow up to be rigid young adults and politically conservative. He and his wife Jeanne had launched their study of 100 children in 1968 and continued the long term study over 4 decades.
    (SFC, 2/2/10, p.C3)(http://tinyurl.com/yhbvb73)

2006        Mike Strizki of New Jersey began to live off the grid without emitting an ounce of carbon or paying a penny to the local utility. The civil engineer turned green energy evangelist used fuel cells to convert the power generated by about 150 solar panels so that it can be stored in 11 hydrogen tanks about 100 yards from his house.
    (http://energy.aol.com/bloggers/jon-hurdle)(Jon Hurdle, 8/13/2011)

2006        In North Carolina Anthony Atala and colleagues at Wake Forest Institute for Regenerative Medicine made new bladders for 7 patients. Patient tissue cells were used to grow the bladders on scaffolds. As of 2010 the bladders were still working.
    (Econ, 2/20/10, p.77)

2006        Biologist Bill Erickson of the US Environmental Protection Agency wrote a memo describing hundreds of documented wildlife deaths due to poisoning from pesticides aimed at rats. Later studies indicated that new generations of rat poisons were killing a large variety of wild animals including mountain lions, foxes, eagles, owls and vultures.
    (SFC, 12/17/10, p.A23)

2006        Colorado’s foreclosure rate for this year was the highest in the country. In 2005 the state had ranked second.
    (Econ, 5/23/09, p.37)

2006        Maine’s population in this year was about 1.3 million.
    (Econ, 6/17/06, p.34)

2006        Michigan banned the consideration of race and gender in public university admissions and public hiring. In 2011 a federal appeals court struck down the ban.
    (SFC, 7/2/11, p.A6)

2006        In North Dakota a drought wiped out 10% of the value of the state’s wheat crop.
    (Econ, 6/28/14, p.24)
2006        North Dakota’s population stood at about 637,000 people, down a high of some 681,000 reached during the Great Depression.
    (WSJ, 12/1/06, p.A1)

2006        Bobby Jack F Fowler died of lung cancer in an Oregon prison. In 2012 the Royal Canadian Mounted Police said that partly based on improved DNA testing, it is certain that he murdered 16-year-old Colleen MacMillen in 1974. US authorities linked him to the slayings of four other teenage girls.
    (Reuters, 9/25/12)

2006        Gov. Charles Turnbull of the Virgin Islands told the US Senate that a government crackdown on tax abuse was forcing many legitimate businesses to close their doors.
    (WSJ, 12/27/06, p.A4)
2006        The population St. Thomas, one of the US Virgin Islands, was about 55,000. The total population of the Virgin Islands was about 109,000.
    (Econ, 9/2/06, p.32)(WSJ, 12/27/06, p.A4)

2006        The number of countries carrying out executions fell to 25 this year. Since 1985, 55 countries have ended the death penalty.
    (Econ, 4/28/07, p.69)
2006        Reporters Without Borders in 2007 said 113 journalists and other media workers were killed this year, half of them in Iraq. The Int’l. Federation of Journalists said at least 155 media workers were killed this year.
    (Econ, 10/13/07, p.66)

2006        The number of air crashes around the world in 2006 was the lowest in 53 years, making it one of the safest in aviation history.
    (AP, 1/2/07)

2006        Abu Dhabi’s government Authority for Culture and Heritage launched The Million's Poet to encourage poetry.
    (AP, 3/23/10)
2006        In Abu Dhabi a diabetes center was opened by the Imperial College of London. In 2008 almost a fifth of the UAE’s native population suffered from diabetes.
    (Econ, 4/26/08, p.37)
2006        Abu Dhabi initiated the development of Masdar, a new smart city built on a raised platform and expected to house 40,000 people.
    (Econ, 11/6/10, SR p.11)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Masdar_City)
2006        Abu Dhabi, with a population of about 250,000, sat on a tenth of the world’s oil.
    (Econ, 6/10/06, p.45)

2006        In Afghanistan the justice system was extremely corrupt. Judges earned $60 per month and most of them were Islamic clerics with little knowledge of the secular laws they were supposed to enforce.
    (Econ, 4/15/06, p.46)
2006        In Afghanistan Arsala Jamal was appointed as governor of Khost province. His rule marked the beginning of progress against the tide of violence in the area.
    (Econ, 12/15/07, p.32)
2006        In Afghanistan Kabul’s electricity grid offered 4 hours of power every other day. Continuous supply was not expected until at least 2008.
    (Econ, 2/4/06, p.38)
2006        Some 15 million Pushtuns lived in Afghanistan, making up about 50% of the population. Another 28 million lived in Pakistan, mostly in the North-West Frontier Province (NWFP), and they represented about 15% of Pakistan’s population.
    (Econ, 12/23/06, p.36)
2006        The NATO-run Int’l. Security Assistance Force (ISAF) expected to assume full responsibility for peace-keeping and counter-insurgency in Afghanistan by the end of this year. American forces of  20,000 were to be merged into ISAF, whose forces were to spread further into eastern Afghanistan.
    (Econ, 2/4/06, p.37)
2006        In Afghanistan an initiative to create the Afghan National auxiliary Police (ANAP) was designed to boost the security forces in unstable districts by enrolling local youths vetted by tribal leaders. Many defected or sold their equipment to insurgents and the program was abandoned a year later.
    (Econ, 4/11/09, p.40)
2006        Afghanistan produced 6,100 tons of opium, about 92% of the world total.
    (Econ, 6/30/07, p.69)
2006        Fighting between soldiers and insurgents in southern Afghanistan claimed over 4,400 lives this year, including over 1,000 civilians.
    (Econ, 8/25/07, p.78)

2006        Poachers in Africa killed over 23,000 elephants this year, about one in 17 of the continent’s total.
    (Econ, 6/9/07, TQ p.12)

2006        Angola’s Gen. Fernando Miala, head of the external intelligence service, alleged that some $2 billion in Chinese money intended for infrastructure projects had disappeared. The general was soon sacked and imprisoned.
    (Econ, 8/13/11, p.22)

2006        Antigua knighted financier R. Allen Stanford, who served as a free-handed lender to the government. Stanford had arrived in the late 1980s after authorities in Montserrat closed his offshore bank.
    (Econ, 2/28/09, p.42)

2006        Gas reserves in Argentina fell to fewer than 10 years’ worth of production.
    (Econ, 12/23/06, p.52)

2006        In Bahrain Salah al-Bandar, a former government official, said he had confidential government documents revealing a plan to provide Sunnis form other countries with passports in an attempt to turn the Shias into a minority.
    (Econ, 4/5/08, p.52)
2006        A third of the native Bahraini workforce earned less than $600 a month, despite an average per head income of close to $20,000. Shia villages ringing Manama, the main city, suffered power cuts, leaky sewage and crowded schools.
    (Econ, 11/25/06, p.46)

2006        Bhutan’s economy grew this year by 12% and GDP per person was reckoned to be about $1,400. Hydroelectric power sent to India accounted for 87.5% of Bhutan’s exports.
    (Econ, 4/28/07, p.50)

2006        Botswana’s population numbered about 1.6 million.
    (Econ, 7/28/07, p.47)

2006        In Brazil the Centro de Arte Contemporanea Inhotim opened to the public. It began in the 1980s as Bernardo Paz converted a 3,000-acre ranch into a sprawling botanical garden designed by the late landscape artist Roberto Burle Marx.
    (Econ, 12/21/13, SR p.5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inhotim)
2006        A Brazilian nuclear enrichment plant run by Industrias Nucleares do Brasil S.A. was expected to open bringing Brazil into the world’s nuclear elite group.
    (SFC, 4/21/06, p.A11)
2006        Foreign ministers of Brazil, Russia, India and China began annual meetings as a group. In 2001 Jim O’Neill of Goldman Sachs coined the acronym BRIC to describe these 4 developing countries.
    (Econ, 4/17/10, p.64)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BRIC)

2006        Playwright Caryl Churchill wrote “Drunk Enough to Say I Love You." Here she imagined the asymmetric relationship between America and Britain as a gay romance.
    (Econ, 2/15/14, p.79)
2006        Dubstep was born out of drum'n'bass and the 2-step UK garage movement which propelled Craig David to fame. Pioneering producers Skream and Hatcha helped define the early dubstep sound while working at the Big Apple Records record shop in Croydon. In 2011 it dubstep completed its journey from quirky curiosity to commercial success story earlier when DJ Fresh's "Louder" hit the top of the UK singles chart.
    (AFP, 7/27/11)
2006        British singer Amy Winehouse (1983-2011) shot to fame with the album "Back to Black," whose blend of jazz, soul, rock and classic pop was a global hit. It won five Grammys and made Winehouse, with her black beehive hairdo and old-fashioned sailor tattoos, one of music's most recognizable stars.
    (AP, 7/24/11)
2006        George Benjamin (b.1960), English composer, wrote his opera “Into the Little Hill,’ based on the fairy tale “The Pied Piper of Hamelin." Martin Crimp wrote the libretto.
    (Econ, 6/5/10, p.93)
2006        Britain’s Charity Act of this year, amending a 1993 act, said schools are no longer entitled to tax breaks simply because they provide teaching. They would now have to demonstrate that they are actively benefiting the public.
    (Econ, 7/18/09, p.54)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charities_Act_2006)
2006        Johan Eliasch and Frank Field, a British Labor MP, formed Cool Earth to allow regular citizens to contribute to rain-forest land purchases.
    (WSJ, 4/7/07, p.A5)
2006        British pharmacy Boots UK merged with Alliance UniChem, a European drugs wholesaler and distributor. In 2007 CEO Stefano Pessina and KKR took the company private in a leverage buyout worth $22.2 billion, Europe’s biggest buyout to date.
    (Econ, 6/23/12, p.68)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boots_UK)

2006        In Brunei oil production this year measured 221,000 barrels a day. Gas production was 1.2 billion cubic feet per day.
    (WSJ, 3/1/08, p.A6)

2006        Burkina Faso sent almost a third of its exports, mostly cotton, to China.
    (Econ, 10/28/06, p.54)

2006        Cambodia’s PM Hun Sen financed and provided a foreword to a book by Ros Chantrabot about Sdach Korn, an alleged Cambodian historical figure. 5,000 copies were distributed out. Hun Sen wanted to rehabilitate this ordinary man who supposedly toppled his king and ruled during the 16th century.
    (http://ki-media.blogspot.com/search/label/Hun%20Sen)(Econ, 4/7/07, p.38)

2006        The population of Chile was about 16 million.
    (SSFC, 10/8/06, p.A25)

2006        James Kynge authored “China Shakes the World: The Rise of a Hungry Nation."
    (Econ, 4/22/06, p.80)
2006        China commenced the building of an eco-city called Dongtan at the northern boundary of Shanghai on the island of Chongming at mouth of the Yangzi River. The 1st phase, expected to be completed in 2010, would accommodate 25,000 people. The British engineering firm Arup helped in the design. Chen Liangyu, Shanghai Communist Party chief, was a big promoter, but was sacked and later convicted for property-related corruption. In 2009 construction on the development was put on hold.
    (Econ, 9/23/06, TQ p.20)(Econ, 3/21/09, p.44)
2006        China’s central government included Plum Flower Boxing, a type of martial art, in its first-ever list of “intangible cultural heritages."
    (Econ, 12/18/10, p.76)
2006        China ended centuries-old taxes on all crops except tobacco.
    (Econ, 1/17/15, p.46)
2006        In China the annual income per person passed $2,000 and demand for natural resources began to grow at a faster pace.
    (Econ, 3/15/08, SR p.21)
2006        China overtook Japan to become the world’s 4th largest spender of defense, after American, Britain and France.
    (Econ, 6/30/07, p.32)
2006        China’s trade surplus with the US increased to $233 billion this year, accounting for almost 30% of America’s total deficit.
    (Econ, 5/19/07, p.73)
2006        China exported 75,000 vehicles this year to over 100 countries.
    (Econ, 11/25/06, p.63)
2006        Official reckoning of deaths on China’s roads numbered some 89,000 this year.
    (Econ, 2/16/08, p.32)
2006        In China more than 800 senior officials were convicted this year of embezzlement, bribery and dereliction of duty.
    (WSJ, 3/21/07, p.A16)
2006        China said 4,750 people died in mine accidents this year, an average of 13 a day.
    (AP, 3/28/07)
2006        Dr. Jiao Nianzhi of China’s Xiamen Univ. developed a technique called time series observation based infra red epifluorescence microscopy (TIREM). He used it accurately measure creatures in the ocean called aerobic anoxygenic photoheterotrophic bacteria (AAPB). Results showed that these organisms constitute 7% of the oceans’ microbes.
    (Econ, 9/11/10, p.96)
2006        Employees at a Chinese owned copper mine in Chambisi, Zambia, were sprayed with gunfire while protesting working conditions.
    (WSJ, 2/2/07, p.A1)
2006        Amnesty Int’l. counted 2,790 people sentenced to death in China and 1,010 executed.
    (Econ, 1/12/08, p.36)

2006        In Colombia 60 trade union members were murdered this year. From 1991 to 2006 there were some 2,000 unsolved killings of trade unionists.
    (Econ, 5/19/07, p.39)
2006        In Colombia Astrid Hurtado, confidential US informant was convicted of money laundering, sentenced to 7½ years in prison and fined the equivalent of $1.6 million. In 2013 Hurtado (52) sued the US for abandoning her and sought $15 million in damages.
    (AP, 10/21/13)

2006        Bosco Ntaganda, a former Congolese warlord, was first indicted on war crimes charges by the ICC, which is based in The Hague, Netherlands. The court accused Ntaganda of using child soldiers for fighting in Ituri, in northeastern Congo, from 2002 to 2003.
    (AP, 10/13/10)

2006        In the Czech Rep. police raided 416 methamphetamine labs during the year as opposed to 19 raids in 2000. Meth abuse in the Czech Rep. was the worst in Europe.
    (SFC, 11/23/07, p.A19)

2006        Oil revenues in Dubai dropped to 7% of GDP as economic development expanded to transport, tourism and business. Dubai, ruled by the wealthy al-Maktoum family, planned to become the main financial center between Europe and Asia.
    (Econ, 3/4/06, p.56)(Econ, 12/16/06, p.13)

2006        In Ecuador Fabricio Correa, the older brother of Pres. Rafael Correa, acted as a fund-raiser for his brother’s election campaign. Following the election Fabricio gained government contracts for road building and oil services worth some $167 million. In 2009 Fabricio the president demanded that the contracts be rescinded. Fabricio in turn alleged corruption by aides of the Pres. Correa.
    (Econ, 10/17/09, p.52)
2006        The population of Ecuador was about 13 million. Its $10 billion economy was saddled with $10 billion in foreign debt.
    (Econ, 10/14/06, p.39)

2006        Film-maker Tahani Rached made her one-hour documentary "El-Banate Dol" ("Those Girls") based on the lives of street girls in Cairo, Egypt.
    (Reuter, 7/26/06)

2006        Eritrea denied the US Embassy staff permission to travel outside the capital of Asmara. Washington imposed similar restrictions on Eritrea’s diplomats in the US.
    (SFC, 8/18/07, p.B2)

2006        Ethiopia’s economy struggled with exports of $1 billion vs. imports of $5 billion. Food prices in Addis Ababa rose by 27%.
    (Econ, 2/24/07, p.57)
2006        In Ethiopia singer Teddy Afro (Tewodros Kassahun) was arrested for an alleged hit-and-run incident. He was jailed in April, 2008. His supporters said he was jailed for his 3rd album “Yasteseryal," released just before the 2005 elections, which contained songs comparing the regime of Pres. Meles to a brutal junta. He was released on August 13, 2009.
    (Econ, 8/22/09, p.43)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Teddy_Afro)

2006        The European Court of Human Rights overturned a Russian ban on the Salvation Army’s registration.
    (Econ, 2/2/13, p.73)

2006        France had about 18,000 soldiers abroad. They included 3,500 in the Ivory Coast,  1,700 in Lebanon, 1,200 in Chad, 1,000 in the Congo, and 5,000 spread between permanent bases in Djibouti, Senegal and Gabon.
    (Econ, 12/16/06, p.49)
2006        France numbered some 3.7 million people living in poverty, defined as having a household income of less than half of the median income. 2.4 million people were unemployed.
    (Econ, 10/28/06, Survey p.5)
2006        France used Chad’s airspace to train fighter pilots and maintained a military presence in the eastern part of the country.
    (Econ, 11/11/06, p.54)
2006        Antoine Zacharias (b.1939), head of the VINCI Group, a French construction giant, was forced out of his position and left with a generous severance package. He sued the company for €81 million for allegedly preventing him from exercising some stock options. In 2008 a court ruled against him.
    (Econ, 6/14/08, p.77)(http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antoine_Zacharias)

2006        Germany passed legislation enabling parents to enjoy 14 months of taxpayer funded leave (Elterngeld) following the birth of children. It became effective on Jan 1, 2007.
    (Econ, 7/23/11, p.63)
2006        In Germany a person known to the press as “the informant" offered to sell a DVD stolen from LGT group, a firm owned by Liechtenstein’s ruling dynasty to Germany’s foreign intelligence service.. In 2002 Heinrich Kieber, an employee of Liechtenstein’s LGT Treuhand AG, had ended his services with the company and stolen confidential data on thousands of customers and beneficiaries. He was convicted of fraud and theft in 2004 and sentenced to 3 years probation. German authorities later confirmed the purchase of Liechtenstein banking data from an informant for some $6.2 million.
    (WSJ, 2/25/08, p.A6)(Econ, 2/23/08, p.70)
2006        Heros, a major German cash transport firm, went bankrupt. Karl-Heinz Weis, the founder and chief executive, later admitted that he and his colleagues had begun pilfering client money in the 1990s to fill gaps and shortfalls in the daily delivery of cash.
    (Econ, 2/10/07, p.81)
2006        Germany numbered some 82 million people and stood as the world’s 3rd largest economy. Its defense spending stood at 1.4% of GDP.
    (Econ, 10/28/06, p.61)(Econ, 11/18/06, p.27)

2006        A Georgian undercover agent made contact with a Russian seller of uranium in North Ossetia. The seller was arrested when they met in Tbilisi with 3.5 ounces of enriched uranium, which made it weapons grade material.
    (SFC, 1/25/07, p.A18)

2006        Pentecostalism was reported to be sweeping across Guatemala.
    (Econ, 12/23/06, p.49)
2006        In Guatemala the police force numbered some 20,000 officers with the population at around 13 million. 1.5% of the country’s farmers owned 62.5% of the farmland.
    (Econ, 11/18/06, p.42)
2006        In Guatemala nearly 600 women were killed this year. The murder rate for the year was 47 per 100,000 people, the second highest in the Americas.
    (SSFC, 3/25/07, p.E3)(Econ, 9/8/07, p.40)

2006        Drug trafficking accounted for up to 20% of Guyana’s GDP, according to the US State Dept.
    (Econ, 9/2/06, p.38)

2006        Haiti’s numbered some 8.5 million people with a police force of about 6,000. Foreign aid accounted for over 65% of the state budget.
    (Econ, 2/10/07, p.35)

2006        The Iceland population was about 300,000.
    (AP, 6/6/06)

2006        Ranbaxy and Dr. Reddy, Indian generic drug makers, expanded their efforts to create proprietary drugs. Dr. Reddy hoped to market a diabetes medicine by 2010.
    (Econ, 2/4/06, p.58)
2006        India allotted the 2.5 million people of Manipur state $260 million for development.
    (Econ, 3/3/07, p.50)
2006        India’s population was around 1.1 billion.
    (Econ, 6/3/06, p.13)
2006        India state of Uttar Pradesh, with some 170 million people, included 8% of the world’s poor. If it were a separate country it would be the 6th most populous in the world.
    (SSFC, 10/9/05, Par p.27)(Econ, 6/3/06, p.13)
2006        The population of India’s Karnataka state was around 52.73 million.
    (WSJ, 9/20/06, p.A4)
2006        It was later estimated that some 17,000 farmers killed themselves in India this year due to rising debts and failing crops.
    (Econ, 3/8/08, p.48)

2006        Indonesia overtook Malaysia as the world’s largest producer of palm oil.
    (Econ, 9/12/09, SR p.10)

2006        Ali Gheissari and Vali Nasr authored “Democracy in Iran: History and the Quest for Liberty" (Oxford Univ. Press).
    (Econ, 6/10/06, p.85)
2006        Iran passed legislation empowering individuals to sell their own kidneys, and is believed to be the only country in the world where this is the case.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Organ_transplant)(Econ, 11/18/06, p.15)
2006        In Iran yoga was named as a threat to Islam during a conference of intelligence and security officials in Qom.
    (Econ, 5/17/14, p.48)
2006        Executions in Iran nearly doubled this year to 177, making it the world’s heaviest user of capital punishment per head of population.
    (Econ, 8/25/07, p.46)

2006        The Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS) was formed as a broad jihadist group that included al-Qaida in Iraq.
    (Econ, 10/12/13, p.61)

2006        Italy ranked 45th in the Transparency International’s corruption perceptions index.
    (Econ, 2/10/07, p.52)
2006        In Italy the tax collection agency, Equitalia, was formed to take over tax collection operations previously carried out by reluctant banks and their subsidiaries.
    (Econ, 1/7/12, p.45)
2006        Italy was taken over by Spain in GDP per head. This was made public in late 2007.
    (Econ, 1/5/08, p.44)

2006        Jamaica reported some 25 killings per week this year.
    (Econ, 9/8/07, p.42)

2006        The number of suicides in Japan dipped this year but the total topped 30,000 for the ninth straight year.
    (AP, 6/7/07)

2006        Kazakhstan’s population of 15.2 million currently included 59% native Kazakhs and 26% Russians.
    (Econ, 12/23/06, p.59)

2006        The Gorani, a Kosovo minority in the southern Gora region between Albania and Macedonia, saw their population drop from about 18,000 at the beginning of the war in Kosovo to some 8,000. The people were mainly Muslims and spoke a language close to Serbian and Macedonian.
    (Econ, 11/4/06, p.60)

2006        The Kurdish populace was spread across Turkey (14m), Iran (4m), Iraq (5m), Syria (2m), Armenia and Azerbaijan. They claimed to be the world’s largest ethnic populations without a state of their own. Almost all Kurds are Sunni Muslims.
    (SFC, 9/2/96, p.A12)(Econ, 9/2/06, p.12)

2006        Latvia’s current account deficit was 20%, the highest in the EU, due to a hot housing market and credit boom. Latvia’s GDP grew nearly 12% as inflation neared 7%.
    (Econ, 3/10/07, p.46)(WSJ, 5/15/07, p.A8)

2006        Antoinette Sayeh, Liberia’s finance minister, called on foreign creditors to forgive the country’s $3.7 billion external debt.
    (Econ, 12/16/06, p.48)
2006        Arcelor Mittal, the world’s largest steel company, negotiated a deal with Liberia’s government to restart operations at the mine in Nimba County with a new investment of $1.5 billion. The company said it would create some 3,500 jobs.
    (Econ, 8/23/08, p.38)

2006        Visitors to Macao grew from 10 million in 2003 to 22 million this year.
    (Econ, 1/27/07, p.67)

2006        The GDP per person in Madagascar stood at about $300 per year. Most of the nearly 19 million population survived on tiny plots of land for which they held no title.
    (Econ, 12/9/06, p.53)

2006        Malaysia’s Home Ministry banned the book "March 8," written by Malaysian author K. Arumugam, which recounts clashes between ethnic Malay Muslims and ethnic Indians. The strife killed six people on the outskirts of Kuala Lumpur in 2001. In 2010 The Kuala Lumpur High Court upheld the ban saying its publication could upset ethnic sensitivities already strained by recent attacks on places of worship.
    (AP, 2/12/10)
2006        Malaysia’s northern state of Terengganu counted 5 leatherback turtle nests, as compared to some 6-10 thousand 50 years earlier and 800 in 1984. Local eating of the turtle eggs and ocean fishing were said to account for the drop. In 2007 experts considered cloning to raise the turtle count.
    (Econ, 7/21/07, p.43)
2006        In Malaysia the murder rate this year increased 22%.
    (Econ, 3/24/07, p.47)

2006        The population of the Maldives numbered about 300,000. Some 100,000 were packed into the 2 square kilometers of the capital, Male, the most densely populated town in the world.
    (Econ, 12/23/06, p.53)

2006        Mexico’s Transportation and Communications Secretary Luis Tellez alleged in a recorded conversation that former President Carlos Salinas (1988-1994) stole from a secret government fund. The contents of the conversation were made public in February, 2009. Tellez resigned 2 weeks later following threats that other recordings would be revealed.
    (SFC, 3/4/09, p.A2)
2006        In Mexico some Zetas, former military special-forces members, broke away from their Gulf cartel associations to form the La Familia organized crime group. La Familia was formed when the gang, then known as "The Business," broke off from the Gulf cartel and declared its independence by rolling the severed heads into a disco in the mountain city of Uruapan.
    (Econ, 7/25/09, p.34)(AP, 12/11/10)
2006        Mexico, the world’s largest Spanish-speaking country, counted a population of some 106 million people. An estimated 500,000 Mexicans left the country each year in search of better opportunities.
    (Econ, 11/18/06, Survey p.3,16)
2006        Mexico counted 2,200 murders this year linked to organized crime. Reporters Without Borders later counted 9 journalists killed this year in Mexico along with 3 missing.
    (Econ, 6/16/07, p.45)(Econ, 10/27/07, p.47)

2006        Mongolia began a tree planting program, a “Green Wall," to block the increasing dust storms from the Gobi Desert. The 2,000 mile project was expected to take 30 years and cost some $150 million. A 30 million livestock population was considered to be part of the problem.
    (WSJ, 10/24/06, p.A1)

2006        Myanmar’s population numbered about 51 million.
    (Econ, 9/2/06, p.39)

2006        In Nepal a second “people’s movement" (Jana Andolan 2) toppled the dictatorship of King Gyanendra.
    (Econ, 5/8/10, p.46)
2006        Nepal’s Supreme Court ruling outlawed the kamlari system, a form of indentured servitude. By 2012 some 1,000 Tharu girls remain indentured, most in remote villages or with powerful families in the capital.
    (AFP, 7/9/12)

2006        Peru’s population numbered about 27 million. It was about 80 percent Indian or mestizo.
    (AP, 6/4/06)

2006        Poland’s government under PM Jaroslaw Kaczynski created an anti-corruption office.
    (AP, 10/6/09)

2006        In Romania  the Institute for Investigating the Crimes of Communism and the Memory of the Romanian Exile was founded by Liberal PM Calin Popescu Tariceanu.
    (AP, 7/11/13)
2006        Romania handed over key Securitate files and a master index to an independent institute. In 2008 the government issued an emergency decree to keep the institute open after a court ruled its work unlawful.   
    (Econ, 5/31/08, SR p.13)
2006        At least 2 million of Romania’s 22 million people worked abroad, mostly in farm jobs.
    (Econ, 2/4/06, p.48)

2006        Morgan Stanley estimated that securities trading in Russia rose by over 60% this year.
    (Econ, 5/19/07, SR p.18)

2006        The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) convicted Tharcisse Muvunyi for genocide. In 2008 the Appeals Chamber of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) overturned the convictions and quashed a 25 year prison sentence. The court said Muvunyi would be re-tried for inciting the public to commit genocide, based on a speech he made in Gikore Trade Centre in Butare.
    (AP, 8/29/08)

2006        The Saudi offshoot of Emaar, one of Dubai’s big-three developers, raised 2.55 billion riyals ($680 million) to build a metropolis on the Red Sea coast. The King Abdullah Economic City (KAEC) was due for completion in 2016.
    (Econ, 4/26/08, p.38)

2006        The US Ohio national guard began helping in a training program for the Serbian army.
    (Econ, 10/24/09, p.64)

2006        Solomon Islands’ police chief Shane Castles, an Australian, was sacked and declared an undesirable immigrant after a raid by his police officers on the home of the prime minister. The raid was connected to Australia’s pursuit of Julian Moti on child sex charges.
    (Econ, 5/19/12, p.49)

2006        In South Africa an investigation was commissioned by the government into the UN oil-for-food program in Iraq. The probe was ordered by president Thabo Mbeki, into what has become known in the country as "Oilgate," to look at allegations of kickbacks sourced by senior members of the ruling party from the State Oil Marketing Organization of Iraq (SOMO).
    (AFP, 12/7/11)
2006        In South Africa over 18,000 people were murdered this year. The number of South Africans with AIDS reached 5.5 million.
    (Econ, 3/3/07, p.13)
2006        In South Africa blacks made up 80% of the population of some 48 million people.
    (Econ, 12/2/06, p.52)

2006        Ship builders in South Korea took almost 40% of global orders this year. China won 23% and Japan almost 20%. The orders from China were up from 12% in 2001.
    (Econ, 11/10/07, p.80)

2006        In Spain Albert Rivera set up Ciudadanos to counter nationalism in his native Catalonia. In 2012 the party won 8% of the vote in regional elections.
    (Econ., 2/28/15, p.48)
2006        Spain prepared to launch production of solar energy from what will be Europe's largest thermo-electric plant at Sanlucar La Mayor, near the southern city of Seville.
    (AFP, 10/23/06)

2006        Some 500,000 arrivals to Sri Lanka yielded $410 million, making tourism the country’s 3rd biggest dollar earner.
    (Econ, 5/1/07, p.55)
2006        The conflict in Sri Lanka this year left over 3,500 dead and displaced over 250,000 people, mostly Tamils. Some 15,000 fled to India.
    (Econ, 12/16/06, p.40)

2006        The largest American embassy in Africa was under construction in Khartoum.
    (Econ, 12/2/06, p.29)
2006        The population of southern Sudan was about 12 million. Over 40% of its oil money was earmarked for military expenditure.
    (Econ, 12/2/06, p.28)

2006        In Suriname 5 homeless people were slain in just nine months this year spreading alarm across the little country.
    (AP, 2/8/14)

2006        Swaziland’s population was about 1.1 million. 40% of the population was unemployed and about the same proportion had HIV/AIDS.
    (Econ, 2/18/06, p.48)
2006        In Swaziland Canadian entrepreneur Volker Wagner bought the entire town of Bulembu, five years after it was abandoned, and entrusted it to a Canadian evangelical ministry to run the place as an orphanage for children whose parents have often died of AIDS.
    (AFP, 3/23/12)

2006        Phantarak Rajadej (104), a former police chief in Nakhon Si Thammarat, Thailand, died. He had begun making and selling Jatukam Ramathep amulets in the 1980s to raise money for a Buddhist shrine and was believed to have mastered the art of black magic to ward off his enemies. Production of the amulets surged following his death. In 2008 the market collapsed.
    (WSJ, 4/7/08, p.A9)

2006        Transdniestria voted on a referendum to join Russia. 96% of voters backed the referendum.
    (Econ, 4/26/14, p.51)

2006        In Turkey Fethullah Gulen, a Muslim preacher, was cleared in absentia on charges of undermining secularism. Gulen had emigrated some years earlier and set up residence in Pennsylvania, from where he led a network of followers active in education.
    (Econ, 3/8/08, p.67)

2006        The UN created an antifraud task force and funded it through 2008. Over the next 3 years it identified about $630 million in allegedly tainted UN contracts. At the end of 2008 funding was not renewed and efforts to retain some investigators were delayed following objections by the Russian government.
    (WSJ, 1/8/09, p.A4)

2006        In Caracas, Venezuela, the annual murder rate was 107 per 100,000.
    (SSFC, 11/16/08, p.A16)

2006        The WHO estimated that malaria infected up to 500 million people per year. Malaria killed nearly one million people worldwide this year with children under five and African countries bearing the brunt, according to a 2008 WHO report. Later in 2008 WHO halved its estimate of world-wide malaria cases to 247 million.
    (Econ, 2/4/06, p.71)(AFP, 9/18/08)(WSJ, 9/19/08, p.A1)
2006        The World Bank began publishing the rankings of developing countries.
    (Econ, 6/17/06, p.83)

2006        In Zimbabwe the Marange diamond fields were discovered at the height of the country’s political, economic and humanitarian crisis. Villagers rushed to the area and began finding diamonds close to the surface.
    (AP, 6/26/09)

2006-2010    Mexico seized some 55,000 assault weapons, most of which were bought legally in the United States.
    (Econ, 10/16/10, p.16)

Go to January 2007
Go to  http://www.timelinesdb.com