Timeline 2008 January-March

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2008        Jan 1, The US and Guatemala formally ratified the Hague Abduction Convention.
    (SFC, 5/15/12, p.A2)
2008        Jan 1, This marked the start of the International Year of the Potato as declared by the UN. The potato stood s the world’s 4th biggest food crop, after maize, wheat and rice.
    (Econ, 3/1/08, p.18, 92)(SSFC, 10/5/08, p.A15)
2008        Jan 1, In Arizona new laws targeting employers who hire illegal immigrants took effect, with experts predicting the move may cost the state's economy billions of dollars in lost income and taxes.
    (AP, 1/1/08)
2008        Jan 1, In California a batch of new state laws took effect including a 50-cent raise in the minimum wage to $8 per hour. AB1298 too effect. It expanded the state’s data-breach notification law to include unencrypted medical histories.
    (SFC, 1/2/08, p.A1)(SFC, 1/4/08, p.C1)
2008        Jan 1, The Michigan Wolverines upset No. 9 Florida 41-35 in the Capital One Bowl to win their first bowl game since 2003. This one was special. Michigan's senior class won its first bowl game in four tries and Lloyd Carr ended his coaching career on a high note.
    (AP, 1/1/08)
2008        Jan 1, In New Hampshire Dozens of gay and lesbian couples entered into civil unions in the early moments of New Year's Day as a new state law legalized the partnerships.
    (AP, 1/1/08)
2008        Jan 1, By state law strip clubs in Texas began imposing a $5 surcharge, dubbed the “pole tax," providing the state with an estimated $40 million in annual revenue. Most of the proceeds were to go to programs supporting victims of sexual assault.
    (Econ, 1/5/08, p.28)
2008        Jan 1, Across Afghanistan roadside bombs and military operations killed 19 people, including 14 Taliban fighters.
    (AP, 1/1/08)(AP, 1/2/08)
2008        Jan 1, Bhutan election officials announced that the Himalayan nation will begin its transformation from an absolute monarchy to a democracy with several leaders fresh out of college at the helm. The size of the country's population is unknown. Estimates put it between 700,000 and 2.2 million.
    (AP, 1/2/08)
2008        Jan 1, In Rio Piracicaba, Brazil, a jail fire killed eight inmates who could not be rescued because the guard had left with the keys.
    (AP, 1/2/08)
2008        Jan 1, Britain defied a Russian order to close the regional offices of its cultural arm from New Year's day, but there was no evidence of Russian attempts to forcibly close British Council centers.
    (Reuters, 1/1/08)
2008        Jan 1, China’s new Labor Contract Law (LCL) went into effect. The legislation aimed at strengthening the contractual rights of workers.
    (Econ, 6/5/10, p.48)(www.pacificbridge.com/publication.asp?id=110)
2008        Jan 1, EU newcomers Cyprus and Malta adopted the euro, bringing to fifteen the number of countries using the currency with increasing clout over the slumping US dollar.
    (AP, 1/1/08)
2008        Jan 1, Vandals torched 372 cars as France celebrated the New Year, down on the figure last year after a night the police described as "relatively calm."
    (AP, 1/1/08)(Reuters, 1/1/08)
2008        Jan 1, Smokers took to lighting up on the sidewalks as a ban took effect across France , Germany and Lithuania, the latest European countries to say "no smoking." Across France smokers took advantage of a one-day grace period and savored their last cigarettes over morning coffee in cafes as a ban against lighting up in bars and restaurants took effect.
    (AP, 1/1/08)(AFP, 1/1/08)
2008        Jan 1, In Ghana 2 US Navy sailors, Patrick Mack (22) of Warren, Mich., and Lonnie Davis Jr. (35) of Riverdale, Ga., were found dead in a hotel room in Accra. They were stationed aboard the USS Fort McHenry, which is on a 7-month voyage in the Gulf of Guinea.
    (AP, 1/1/08)(AP, 1/3/08)
2008        Jan 1, In northern India 2 assailants with guns and grenades ambushed a police recruitment center in an attack that killed seven police officers and a civilian in Rampur, Uttar Pradesh state. In Bihar state suspected Maoist rebels shot dead four soldiers.
    (AP, 1/1/08)
2008        Jan 1, Iraq began curbing its food ration system. By June it planned to end the program altogether for many of the country’s citizens. A suicide attacker detonated an explosives-rigged vest at a Shiite funeral in Baghdad, killing 36 people gathered to mourn the death of an Iraqi army officer killed in a car bombing. In Jalula the bodies of a Sunni policeman and four of his relatives were found hours after gunman abducted them from their home. Also in Diyala province, a Shiite man and his 16-year-old son where killed in a drive-by shooting as they stood outside their home.
    (AP, 1/1/08)(AP, 1/2/08)(WSJ, 2/26/08, p.A5)
2008        Jan 1, In Kenya a mob torched a church sheltering hundreds of people fleeing election violence. Up to 50 ethnic Kikuyus were killed in the fire in the Assemblies of God Church in the Rift Valley city of Eldoret. The death toll from ethnic riots triggered by President Mwai Kibaki's disputed re-election soared to nearly 200.
    (AP, 1/1/08)(Reuters, 1/1/08)(AP, 1/2/08)
2008        Jan 1, Libya took over the rotating presidency of the UN Security Council in a major step back to global respectability after decades as a pariah of the West.
    (AP, 1/1/08)
2008        Jan 1, In Mexico import tariffs on maize, beans, sugar and milk were eliminated.
    (Econ, 1/26/08, p.38)
2008        Jan 1, In Mongolia a government official said at least 11 people died and another 21 were hospitalized for drinking tainted vodka during New Year's Eve celebrations in Ulan Bator.
    (AP, 1/1/08)
2008        Jan 1, In Nigeria armed men killed 13 people over New Year in Port Harcourt when they attacked two police stations and a hotel. The Niger Delta Vigilante Movement, led by Ateke Tom, claimed responsibility.
    (AFP, 1/2/08)(SFC, 1/2/08, p.A3)
2008        Jan 1, Pakistan's election commission said that unrest following the killing of Benazir Bhutto would almost certainly force the postponement of Jan. 8 elections, despite opposition threats of street protests if the poll is delayed. Militants abducted four Pakistani paramilitary soldiers in a tribal area. Pakistani troops killed 25 militants close to the Afghan border in fighting following the abduction of four soldiers.
    (AP, 1/1/08)(AFP, 1/1/07)(AP, 1/2/08)
2008        Jan 1, Gaza's ruling Hamas militant group launched a new crackdown on the rival Fatah movement, arresting dozens of activists and barring public gatherings after Fatah anniversary celebrations sparked deadly violence. Fighting stretched into a second day, leaving a total of eight dead and 60 wounded.
    (AP, 1/1/08)
2008        Jan 1, Slovenia became the first of 12 newcomers to take over the rotating presidency of the EU Union, a big psychological boost to a nation that gained independence from the ruins of the former Yugoslavia 16 years ago.
    (AP, 1/1/08)
2008        Jan 1, In Sri Lanka a gunman assassinated an opposition lawmaker and one other person at a New Year religious service near Colombo, and the lawmaker's party held the government responsible for his slaying.
    (AP, 1/1/08)
2008        Jan 1, In Sudan an American diplomat and his driver were shot to death in Khartoum. John Granville (33), an official for the US Agency for International Development, was being driven home at about 4 a.m. when another vehicle cut off his car and opened fire before fleeing the scene. A group calling itself Ansar al-Tawhid later claimed responsibility for the murder. On Feb 9 Sudanese security forces arrested two suspects in the murder. On Sep 20 five Sudanese Islamists admitted in filmed statements their role in murdering Granville and his driver. They were formally charged on Feb 5, 2009. On June 24 four Islamists were sentenced to death. A 5th man was sentenced to 2 years in prison for providing a weapon.
    (AP, 1/1/08)(AP, 1/2/08)(AFP, 1/5/08)(AP, 2/10/08)(AP, 9/21/08)(AP, 2/5/09)(AFP, 6/24/09)
2008        Jan 1, In Uzbekistan as of this day execution by firing squad will no longer be legal, and the maximum sentence will be life or long-term imprisonment. The reforms have been incorporated into new criminal code and were sanctioned by a presidential decree signed by Islam Karimov.
    (http://ipsnews.net/news.asp?idnews=40819)
2008        Jan 1, Venezuela launched a new currency with the new year, lopping off three zeros from denominations in a bid to simplify finances and boost confidence in a money that has been losing value due to high inflation.
    (AP, 1/1/08)

2008        Jan 2, California led 15 other states and 5 environmental groups into federal court to challenge the Bush administration’s refusal to let the state limit vehicle emissions of gases that contribute to global warming.
    (SFC, 1/3/08, p.A1)
2008        Jan 2, Gold prices swept to a record high of $861.10 above the key $850-an-ounce mark, driven by surging oil, a weaker dollar and simmering geopolitical tensions. It later backtracked slightly to $855.70/$856.50 in New York at 2:25 p.m. EST.
    (Reuters, 1/2/08)
2008        Jan 2, Oil futures hit an intraday high of $100 per barrel and closed at a record $99.62.
    (WSJ, 1/3/08, p.A1)
2008        Jan 2, US researchers said a married couple who sailed to America from England around 1630 are the reason why thousands of people in the United States are at higher risk of a hereditary form of colon cancer.
    (Reuters, 1/2/08)
2008        Jan 2, Becton, Dickinson and Co said it received clearance from the Food and Drug Administration for a test to identify the presence of two deadly healthcare-associated infections: Staphylococcus aureus and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA).
    (Reuters, 1/2/08)
2008        Jan 2, In Algeria a car bomb exploded near a police station in Naciria east of Algiers, killing at least four people and ripping off the building's façade.
    (AFP, 1/2/08)
2008        Jan 2, Sterling slumped to a record low against the euro after the release of weak British economic data that raised expectations of further interest rate cuts by the Bank of England.
    (AP, 1/2/08)
2008        Jan 2, George MacDonald Fraser (82), English author of the "Flashman" series of historical adventure yarns, died. "Flashman," published in 1969, introduced readers to an enduring literary antihero: the roguish, irrepressible Harry Flashman. Fraser’s work also included over 30 movie scripts including “The Three Musketeers" (1973).
    (AP, 1/3/08)(WSJ, 1/17/08, p.D7)(Econ, 1/12/08, p.78)
2008        Jan 2, In southern Chile hundreds of people fled their homes overnight as the Llaima volcano erupted, rocking the area with explosions and spewing lava and ash.
    (AP, 1/2/08)
2008        Jan 2, Egypt allowed more than 2,000 Palestinian pilgrims to enter the Gaza Strip, drawing a fierce rebuke from Israel, which had tried to prevent top members of the militant Hamas from returning home.
    (AP, 1/2/08)
2008        Jan 2, France's most drastic measure to curb smoking went into effect with a full ban on lighting up in cafes, restaurants and discotheques.
    (AP, 1/2/08)
2008        Jan 2, In northern India an unusually fierce cold snap has killed nine people over the past two days, bringing the death toll from weeks of unusually chilly weather to 38.
    (AP, 1/2/08)
2008        Jan 2, In Iraq a suicide bombing in Baqouba killed seven people, including Abu Sadjat, a local tribal chief, and wounded 22 others.
    (AP, 1/2/08)(SFC, 1/3/08, p.A11)
2008        Jan 2, Israeli forces killed seven Palestinian militants in a clash before dawn, pressing its war against armed groups in the Gaza Strip days before President Bush arrives to promote Israeli-Palestinian peace.
    (AP, 1/2/08)
2008        Jan 2, International pressure mounted on Kenya's leaders to end postelection violence that has killed more than 300 people. Vice President Moody Awori told a local television station that the violence has cost the country $31 million a day.
    (AP, 1/2/08)
2008        Jan 2, In Lebanon Sheik Hassan Nasrallah, the leader Hezbollah, declared no president will be elected unless his opposition party gets veto power in the future government.
    (AP, 1/2/08)
2008        Jan 2, Myanmar's military junta dramatically raised the annual fee for TV satellite dishes, an apparent move to block the foreign news channels that beamed in global criticism of its recent crackdown on pro-democracy protests.
    (AP, 1/2/08)
2008        Jan 2, Authorities said Pakistan's elections will be delayed six weeks until Feb. 18 because of unrest following the assassination of Benazir Bhutto. Opponents condemned the postponement but said they would take part in the vote anyway. Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf said that he had requested a team of investigators from Britain's Scotland Yard to assist in the investigation into the killing of opposition leader Benazir Bhutto.
    (AP, 1/2/08)
2008        Jan 2, The Sri Lankan government decided to withdraw from an internationally brokered cease-fire with the insurgents. Suspected Tamil Tiger rebels detonated a bomb near a bus carrying wounded soldiers through a busy commercial district in Sri Lanka's capital, killing one soldier and three civilians and wounding 24 other people. Air force jets launched two airstrikes in the north, one targeting a Tamil Tiger naval base in Mannar district and the other a logistics base in Mullaitivu district. Some 5,000 people had died over the last two years of the cease-fire.
    (AP, 1/3/08)(Econ, 1/5/08, p.36)
2008        Jan 2, Darfur rebels in Sudan said they had taken a town around Geneina, the main city of west Darfur which they claim to have surrounded.
    (AFP, 1/2/08)

2008        Jan 3, Democrat Barack Obama and Republican Mike Huckabee won the Iowa caucuses as the candidates move on to New Hampshire. Obama won with 38% over Edwards at 30% and Hillary Clinton at 29%. Overall, Clinton leads with 175 delegates, including superdelegates, followed by Obama with 75 and Edwards with 46. Huckabee won 34% with Romney at 25%. Huckabee scored 30 delegates and Romney got 7.
    (AP, 1/4/08)
2008        Jan 3, Ford Motor Co. named Tata Motors Ltd. the top bidder for its Jaguar and Land Rover brands and entered into "focused negotiations at a more detailed level."
    (AP, 1/3/08)
2008        Jan 3, In southwestern Afghanistan a suicide bomber attacked Indian road construction workers and their Afghan police escorts, killing seven and wounding 12.
    (AP, 1/3/08)
2008        Jan 3, In Chile Interior Minister Belisario Velasco, one of the most powerful officials in President Michelle Bachelet's government, resigned as part of an expected Cabinet shake-up. Mapuche Indians trying to reclaim farmland they say belonged to their ancestors clashed with police in violence that left protester Matias Catrileo dead.
    (AP, 1/3/08)(AP, 1/5/13)
2008        Jan 3, China issued rules restricting the broadcast of Internet videos to sites run by the state.
    (WSJ, 1/4/08, p.A1)
2008        Jan 3, A bitterly cold winter storm pummeled parts of Europe, killing at least three sailors when a ship sank in rough seas, and piling up snow that stranded thousands at airports, on mountain roads and in remote villages.
    (AP, 1/3/08)
2008        Jan 3, Worshippers at a Hindu temple in southern India stampeded as they tried to draw close to a goddess' statue, trampling at least five people to death and injuring 15 others. The northern state of Himachal Pradesh said it planned to use unemployed youths to sterilize monkeys to try to combat aggressive primates who have been raiding farms. The idea drew immediate condemnation from conservationists, who said the plan was unscientific and would likely worsen the problem.
    (AP, 1/3/08)
2008        Jan 3, Iraqi PM Nuri al-Maliki held talks with PM Gordon Brown, notably discussing the plight of five Britons seized in Baghdad last year. Abdul-Aziz al-Hakim, a top Shiite politician, acknowledged the contribution of US-backed Sunni Arab groups to the decline in violence across Iraq and called for their use in the continuing fight against al-Qaida. The Samarra dam bridge, one of the entrances into Samarra,  reopened. For the past 8 months, the entrances to the city were essentially closed due to the levels of violence. At least 5 people were killed in two separate attacks in Baghdad, one targeting a local member of the prime minister's party. One woman was killed and another civilian wounded when a rocket slammed into the primarily Shiite neighborhood of Washash in northwest Baghdad. Iraqi authorities ordered a one-day vehicle ban in Baqouba in response to a series of deadly suicide bombings and other attacks by al-Qaida in Iraq against predominantly Sunni fighters that have allied with the United States. The US military killed two insurgents and detained 12 in the Diyala region. But the operations also resulted in the deaths of two American soldiers the wounding of another in a small arms attack.
    (AFP, 1/3/08)(AP, 1/3/08)(AP, 1/4/08)(AP, 1/5/08)
2008        Jan 3, Israeli tanks and warplanes attacked a series of targets throughout the Gaza Strip. 9 people were killed including 3 civilians with over 30 Palestinians wounded. The attack had intensified following a Katyusha rocket strike 10½ miles into Israel. The Israeli military uncovered an arms cache in Nablus that contained explosives, military equipment and material for manufacturing rockets. 
    (AP, 1/3/08)(SFC, 1/4/08, p.A16)(SSFC, 1/6/08, p.A18)
2008        Jan 3, Israeli authorities ordered fowl destroyed in an area of northern Israel after chickens kept at a kindergarten were diagnosed with a deadly strain of bird flu.
    (AP, 1/3/08)
2008        Jan 3, Crews in Naples, where the streets increasingly are lined with trash, began cleaning up a long disused dump in a bid to ease a mounting garbage crisis.
    (AP, 1/3/08)
2008        Jan 3, In Kenya riot police fired tear gas and water cannons to beat back crowds heading for a banned rally to protest the disputed election, and the president said he is willing to talk to the opposition once calm has been restored.
    (AP, 1/3/08)
2008        Jan 3, Libya's foreign minister declared an end to confrontation with the US in a rare visit to Washington by a top Libyan diplomat aimed at cementing ties between the former foes.
    (AP, 1/4/08)
2008        Jan 3, In the southern Philippines 2 al-Qaida-linked Muslim militants, including one wanted for the 2001 kidnapping of three Americans and 17 other people from a resort island, were captured in separate raids. Troops arrested suspected Abu Sayyaf sub-leader Tuwatin Anahalul in Zamboanga del Sur province's Margusatubig town.
    (AP, 1/4/08)
2008        Jan 3, Puerto Rico halted all bird imports after a rare outbreak of avian flu in nearby Dominican Republic, where authorities killed more than 100 chickens, including fighting roosters that tested positive for the lethal virus. The ban forced the cancellation of more than 100 cockfights, dealing a blow to the lucrative industry.
    (AP, 1/4/08)
2008        Jan 3, South Sudanese officials said North Sudanese troops have missed a third deadline to fully redeploy from the south following over two decades of north-south civil war that ended in 2005.
    (AP, 1/3/08)
2008        Jan 3, In northern Sri Lanka heavy fighting broke out between government troops and Tamil Tigers, hours after Colombo announced it was pulling out of a tattered ceasefire agreement with the rebels.
    (AFP, 1/3/08)
2008        Jan 3, Turkey’s Parliament approved a law extending a smoking ban in this tobacco-growing nation to all bars, restaurants and coffeehouses by mid-2009.
    (AP, 1/3/08)
2008        Jan 3, In Turkey a car bomb exploded in the Kurdish-dominated southeastern city of Diyarbakir, killing 6 people, including 5 students. 67 people were wounded, including military personnel.
    (AP, 1/3/08)(Reuters, 1/4/08)(AP, 1/8/08)
2008        Jan 3, President Hugo Chavez shuffled his Cabinet, naming a retired military officer as vice president and other changes aimed at tackling corruption and inefficiencies in his socialist government.
    (AP, 1/3/08)

2008        Jan 4, The US Labor Department said hiring practically stalled in December, driving the nation's unemployment rate up to a two-year high of 5 percent and fanning fears of a recession. The DJIA fell 256.54 to 12800.18.
    (AP, 1/4/08)(WSJ, 1/5/08, p.A1)
2008        Jan 4, The United States 700 MHz FCC wireless spectrum auction, officially known as Auction 73, was started by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC). AT&T, Verizon and others paid close to $20 billion for the 700MHZ band covering channels 52-69 on the television dial.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_2008_wireless_spectrum_auction)
2008        Jan 4, Flights were grounded and trucks overturned in Northern California as wind gusted to 80 mph during the second wave of the arctic storm that has sent trees crashing onto houses, cars and roads. Hundreds of thousands of customers lost power from central California into Oregon and Washington. An estimated 1.9-2.1 million PG&E customers lost power.
    (AP, 1/5/08)(SFC, 1/8/08, p.A1)
2008        Jan 4, In Texas Jana Shearer (21), the girlfriend of Christopher Lee McCuin (25), was taken by McCuin from her home and killed. McCuin was arrested Jan 5 after police found that he had cooked parts of her body and may have tried to eat them. On Dec 7 McCuin was found dead in his jail cell.
    (AP, 1/7/08)(AP, 12/8/08)
2008        Jan 4, In Oakland, Ca., Jessica Birden (19) died from wounds suffered on Jan 1, when she was found unconscious on a trail in the King Estates Recreation Area in the Oakland Hills. On Jan 8 Kenneth Jovan Washington, a man suspected in her assault and that of others in the Bay Area, was charged with her murder and another attack on Dec 24.
    (SFC, 1/8/08, p.B3)(SFC, 1/9/08, p.B3)
2008        Jan 4, Mort Garson (b.1983), Canadian-born composer and arranger, died in SF. He co-wrote the 1963 hit “Our Day Will Come," performed by Ruby and the Romantics. He also fused the Moog synthesizer with orchestral music and composed music that was used by CBS-TV in 1969 in film footage of NASA spaceflights as Neil Armstrong stepped on the moon.
    (SFC, 1/16/08, p.B9)
2008        Jan 4, In Afghanistan’s Uruzgan province a clash between NATO troops and Taliban insurgents near Tirin Kot, the provincial capital, left two civilians dead and five others wounded.
    (AP, 1/7/08)
2008        Jan 4, Young men stormed the streets of Guinea, hurling rocks and setting tires ablaze as labor unions called for a strike, threatening to throw the African nation into gridlock.
    (AP, 1/5/08)
2008        Jan 4, P. Chidambaram, India’s finance minister, urged state-run banks to reduce lending rates by half a percentage point to spur consumption and investment as signs emerge of a slowdown in consumer spending. Police arrested 14 men for allegedly harassing two women outside a five-star hotel in Mumbai during New Year's celebrations, a case that drew widespread criticism after police initially refused to pursue it.
    (AP, 1/4/08)(AFP, 1/5/08)
2008        Jan 4, Israeli troops on a night mission in the Gaza Strip killed two Hamas gunmen in the early hours as Israel responded to Palestinian rocket fire with strikes against militants that left 11 dead in 24 hours.
    (AP, 1/4/08)
2008        Jan 4, Kenya's opposition called for a new presidential election to settle a dispute that has sparked deadly riots from the capital to the coast, but a government spokesman said a new vote could come on only on orders from the highest court. The World Food Program warned that 100,000 people faced starvation in western Kenya.
    (AP, 1/4/08)(SFC, 1/5/08, p.A3)
2008        Jan 4, Kosovo's legislators were sworn in at the first session of a new parliament that is widely expected to declare independence from Serbia early this year.
    (AP, 1/4/08)
2008        Jan 4, A Moroccan court sentenced 51 Islamists of the Ansar El Mahdi group to between two and 25 years in jail for plotting to overthrow the government here and install an Islamist regime.
    (AFP, 1/4/08)
2008        Jan 4, Myanmar's Independence Day was marked by opposition calls for the freeing of democracy icon Aung San Suu Kyi and other political prisoners as the military rulers urged national discipline.
    (AP, 1/4/08)
2008        Jan 4, Russian rescuers saved 11 people stranded for nearly three months in a remote area of the Pacific coast after a fishing trip went wrong. Their two boats were damaged in a storm on October 10 during a fishing expedition off the Kamchatka Peninsula.
    (Reuters, 1/4/08)
2008        Jan 4, The annual 5,760 Dakar Rally was canceled on the eve of the race across the Sahara Desert because of terror threats and the recent Christmas Eve killings of a French family in Mauritania blamed on al-Qaida-linked militants. The race, organized by the France-based Amaury Sport Organization (ASO), had been due to start in Lisbon, Portugal, and finish in Dakar, Senegal, on Jan. 20.
    (AP, 1/4/08)(WSJ, 1/5/08, p.A1)
2008        Jan 4, Fresh fighting erupted between southern Sudanese forces and Khartoum-backed Arab tribesmen near key oil areas of the country, former southern rebels said, further denting hopes of an end to north-south hostilities.
    (AP, 1/4/08)
2008        Jan 4, Taiwan's ties with its ally Malawi were shaky after the African country snubbed the island's top diplomat in an aborted visit to the African nation aimed at persuading it to resist diplomatic wooing by China.
    (AP, 1/4/08)
2008        Jan 4, A private plane carrying 14 people, including 8 Italians, crashed into the sea after taking off from Venezuela's Los Roques islands.
    (AP, 1/5/08)(AP, 1/7/08)
2008        Jan 4, The Zambian government awarded a 1.2 billion dollar crude oil deal to a Kuwait firm to supply over 1.4 million tons of oil to the southern African nation.
    (AP, 1/5/08)
2008        Jan 4, Zimbabwe’s state-owned The Herald daily reported that a diarrhea outbreak has hit Harare following weeks of uncollected garbage, sewer blockages and erratic water supplies.
    (AFP, 1/4/08)

2008        Jan 5, Georgia authorities served a warrant charging Gary Michael Hilton (61) with the kidnapping with bodily injury of Meredith Emerson (24). Emerson was last seen on New Year's Day hiking with her black Labrador retriever, Ella, in Vogel State Park. On Jan 7 he led investigators to a spot in a wooded area in north Georgia where they found her body. In March Hilton was sentenced to 30 years in prison.
    (AP, 1/6/08)(AP, 1/8/08)(SFC, 3/24/08, p.A8)
2008        Jan 5, In Hayden, Idaho, a man who believed he bore the "mark of the beast" used a circular saw to cut off one hand, then he cooked it in the microwave and called 911.
    (AP, 1/9/08)
2008        Jan 5, A levee break flooded hundreds of homes In Nevada as a storm that has pummeled the West Coast with high wind and heavy rain dropped a thick blanket of snow on the Sierra Nevada.
    (AP, 1/5/08)
2008        Jan 5, In Alaska a small plane crashed at the end of a runway off Kodiak Island killing 6 people enroute to celebrate Eastern Orthodox Christmas.
    (SFC, 1/7/08, p.A3)
2008        Jan 5, Heavy rains caused flooding across parts of eastern Australia, forcing the evacuation of hundreds of people as rural towns throughout the area were put on flood alert.
    (AP, 1/5/08)
2008        Jan 5, Georgians voted to determine whether to keep Mikhail Saakashvili as president in the former Soviet republic, where he was once considered a symbol of democratic reform but now faces accusations of authoritarian leanings. Saakashvili's supporters poured onto the streets, tooting car horns and waving white-and-red national flags, celebrating victory based on exit poll results. Saakashvili received 52.8% of the vote according to preliminary results.
    (AP, 1/5/08)(AP, 1/6/08)(AP, 1/7/08)
2008        Jan 5, In Iraq a roadside bomb struck a passing minibus north of the town of Muqdadiyah, killing six people. In Baqouba another roadside bomb wounded three civilians.
    (AP, 1/5/08)
2008        Jan 5, The Israeli army wound up a large 3-day operation in Nablus saying they had discovered another explosives laboratory there.
    (SSFC, 1/6/08, p.A18)
2008        Jan 5, Kenya’s government said President Kibaki is ready to form "a government of national unity" to help resolve disputed elections that caused deadly riots. Some 300 people have been killed and the UN said 250,000 made homeless in violent protests and clashes since the vote.
    (AP, 1/5/08)
2008        Jan 5, Malaysia’s New Straits Times said Malaysian police have arrested a beauty parlor owner and a farmer suspected of distributing a sex video showing a former Health Minister Chua Soi Lek committing adultery. Soi Lek resigned Jan 2 after admitting he was the man in the video.
    (AP, 1/5/08)
2008        Jan 5, Jacob Zuma, the new African National Congress leader and would-be national president, took another wife, in a Zulu tradition of polygamy that coexists uneasily with calls for gender equality in modern South Africa.
    (AP, 1/5/08)
2008        Jan 5, Syria joined other Arab nations in endorsing the head of Lebanon's army as that country's next president, putting pressure on the Lebanese opposition to drop demands that have blocked a compromise over the post.
    (AP, 1/5/08)

2008        Jan 6, In southeastern Utah a chartered bus ran off a wet road and rolled 41 feet down an embankment, killing eight passengers who were returning home from a ski trip. About 20 others were injured.
    (AP, 1/7/08)
2008        Jan 6, Adam Gadahn, Al-Qaida's American spokesman, urged fighters to meet President Bush with bombs when he visits the Middle East, according to a new video posted on the Internet. Gadahn, also known as Azzam al-Amriki, was charged with treason in the US in 2006 and has been wanted since 2004 by the FBI, which is offering a $1 million reward for information leading to his arrest or conviction.
    (AP, 1/7/08)
2008        Jan 6, Martha Arguello (b.1917), the cartoonist known as Marty Links, died in San Rafael, Ca. She was the creator of the Bobby Sox and Emmy Lou cartoon strips, which ran in the SF Chronicle for over 35 years.
    (SFC, 1/9/08, p.B9)
2008        Jan 6, In Afghanistan 3 Taliban militants were killed in a battle between police and NATO troops in the Zhari district of Kandahar.
    (AP, 1/7/08)
2008        Jan 6, In Kinshasa a peace summit aimed at ending fighting in Congo's blood-steeped eastern provinces of North and South Kivu opened without the presence of President Joseph Kabila and rebel leader General Laurent Nkunda.
    (Reuters, 1/6/08)
2008        Jan 6, In Georgia several thousand people rallied in Tbilisi, claiming early election results that indicated Mikhail Saakashvili would narrowly win a second presidential term were fraudulent.
    (AP, 1/6/08)
2008        Jan 6, Dr. Pramod Karan Sethi (80), inventor of a low-cost prosthetic foot that has helped millions of people in developing and war-torn countries, died in Jaipur, India. The surgeon developed the Jaipur Foot in 1968 with India's rural poor in mind.
    (AP, 1/8/08)
2008        Jan 6, Five Iranian Revolutionary Guard boats harassed and provoked three US Navy ships in the Strait of Hormuz, a major oil shipping route off the Iranian coast. The US Navy Times newspaper later reported that a threatening radio message at the end of a video showing Iranian patrol boats swarming near US warships in the Persian Gulf may have come from a prankster rather than from the Iranian vessels.
    (AP, 1/7/08)(AP, 1/14/08)
2008        Jan 6, Two Iraqi soldiers threw themselves on a suicide bomber who slipped into a crowd celebrating Iraq's Army Day, but the attacker detonated an explosives vest, killing both soldiers and nine other people. A series of attacks across Baghdad that left as many as 16 people dead. Near Muqdadiyah a joint Iraqi-US patrol discovered five severed heads. Near the city of Khalis in Diyala province suspected al-Qaida in Iraq fighters attacked the house of a local sheik and kidnapped him and 13 members of his family.
    (AP, 1/6/08)
2008        Jan 6, North Korea stepped up anti-US propaganda with a six-nation nuclear disarmament process bogged down and Pyongyang and Washington in dispute over the delay.
    (AP, 1/6/08)
2008        Jan 6, In northwest Pakistan suspected Islamic militants in 2 attacks fatally shot 8 tribal leaders involved in efforts to broker a cease-fire between security forces and insurgents.
    (AP, 1/7/08)(SFC, 1/8/08, p.A14)
2008        Jan 6, The head of Gaza's energy authority said Palestinians in Gaza will be forced to live without electricity eight hours a day, beginning today, because Israel has sharply reduced fuel supplies to the territory's only electric plant.
    (AP, 1/6/08)
2008        Jan 6, In northern Sri Lanka heavy fighting raged where Tiger rebels said they lost a key leader, as Norwegian-led monitors began pulling out before the formal end of a tattered truce.
    (AP, 1/6/08)
2008        Jan 6, In Zurich Sonntag newspaper reported that Credit Suisse faces a fresh assets write-off of 2.5 billion Swiss francs (1.5 billion euros, $2.3 billion) from the US sub-prime crisis.
    (AP, 1/6/08)
2008        Jan 6, Zimbabwe state media reported that the government has awarded an immediate 600% pay rise to striking magistrates and prosecutors in a bid to end a 3-month work stoppage.
    (AP, 1/6/08)

2008        Jan 7, Jerry Fitch, a Mississippi businessman, must pay more than 750,000 dollars in damages to the man whose wife he wooed away, after the US Supreme Court declined to hear an appeal in the case.
    (AFP, 1/7/08)
2008        Jan 7, The Stanford Center for the Study of Poverty and Inequality (www.inequality.com) announced the launch of its new quarterly publication, Pathways, an online and hardcopy magazine dedicated to examining poverty and inequality in the United States.
    (SFC, 1/29/08, p.E1)
2008        Jan 7, Starbucks ousted CEO Jim McDonald and Howard Schultz, current Chairman and former CEO (1987-2000), took over. Starbucks faced added competition as McDonald’s planned to install coffee bars selling espresso.
    (WSJ, 1/8/08, p.A1)
2008        Jan 7, Tornadoes were reported or suspected in southwest Missouri, southeastern Wisconsin, Arkansas, Illinois and Oklahoma. Two people were killed in Missouri.
    (AP, 1/8/08)
2008        Jan 7, In Alabama Lam Luong (37), a shrimp fisherman and drug addict, threw his 4 young children into the Intracoastal Waterway from the Dauphin Island bridge. He initially reported the children missing and then confessed. On March 5, 2009, Luong pleaded guilty and asked to be put to death. On April 30 he was sentenced to death. In 2013 an appeals court ordered a new trial.
    (SFC, 1/10/08, p.A3)(SFC, 3/6/09, p.A6)(SFC, 5/1/09, p.A8)(SSFC, 2/17/13, p.A12)
2008        Jan 7, Bill Belew (b.1931), costume king, died in Palm Springs, Ca. He created the outfits worn by Elvis Presley and other pop stars.
    (WSJ, 2/2/08, p.A12)
2008        Jan 7, In southern Afghanistan a suicide bomber on a motorcycle attacked a border police patrol, killing a policeman. In neighboring Helmand province, police discovered and tried to defuse a remote-controlled roadside bomb in Nad Ali district, but it exploded, killing two policemen and two civilians. In eastern Afghanistan as roadside bomb killed two soldiers from the US-led coalition.
    (AP, 1/7/08)(AP, 1/8/08)
2008        Jan 7, Australians battled both fires and some of the worst flooding in decades that stranded residents in several communities after days of intense summer heat and storms.
    (AP, 1/8/08)
2008        Jan 7, Britain’s PM Gordon Brown announced plans for a new national screening program to combat some of the country's biggest killer diseases.
    (AP, 1/7/08)
2008        Jan 7, Chadian air force planes attacked a Chadian rebel base across the border, southwest of El-Geneina in the Darfur region of Sudan.
    (AP, 1/7/08)
2008        Jan 7, China’s state media said authorities in central China have expelled 500 people from the Communist Party for defying the country's one-child policy. Wei Wenhua (41), a passer-by who filmed a streetside fracas between villagers and authorities, was beaten and killed in Hubei province. His death touched off protests in central China, in the latest incident to underscore public anger over abusive treatment by government employees.
    (AP, 1/7/08)(AP, 1/9/08)
2008        Jan 7, Colombia’s army captured Carlos Marin Guarin, who uses the nom de guerre "Pablito," a senior commander of the ELN, Colombia’s second largest rebel group.
    (AP, 1/9/08)
2008        Jan 7, Philip Agee (72), a former CIA agent who became an outspoken critic of Washington's Cuba policy, died in a Havana hospital following ulcer surgery. Agee quit the CIA in 1969 after 12 years working mostly in Latin America at a time when leftist movements were gaining prominence and sympathizers. His 1975 book "Inside the Company: CIA Diary," cited alleged CIA misdeeds against leftists in the region that included a 22-page list of purported agency operatives.
    (AP, 1/9/08)
2008        Jan 7, President Mikhail Saakashvili said his re-election demonstrates that Georgia is on the road to becoming a European democracy, while his opponents denounced the vote as fraudulent and vowed to renew street protests.
    (AP, 1/7/08)
2008        Jan 7, In Guatemala the National Convergence Front (FCN) was formed by former military officers. In March 2013, the party chose the popular comic TV actor Jimmy Morales as its secretary-general.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Convergence_Front)(Econ, 10/31/15, p.36)
2008        Jan 7, President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad presented Iran's budget to parliament, promising it would curb a sharp rise in inflation and redistribute Iran's abundant oil revenues among the country's 70 million people.
    (AP, 1/7/08)
2008        Jan 7, In Iraq a double suicide attack outside an agency that cares for Sunni mosques and shrines killed a prominent leader of a US-backed group fighting al-Qaida and at least five others. 12 people died in the twin bombing. In eastern Baghdad, a roadside bomb detonated near a technology university, killing four people, including a student, and wounding 11 others. In Baghdad's Jadriyah neighborhood, two roadside bombs went off minutes apart, killing one civilian and wounding four other people, including three policeman. Gunmen kidnapped 8 members of a newly-formed US-backed Shiite armed group in northern Baghdad's Shaab neighborhood.
    (AP, 1/7/08)(AP, 1/8/08)
2008        Jan 7, Police in Naples clashed with protestors over a mafia-linked rubbish disposal crisis as the Italian government convened an emergency meeting to try and resolve the row.
    (AP, 1/7/08)
2008        Jan 7, Kenya's opposition leader canceled nationwide protests, saying he wanted to avoid new violence and give mediation a chance to resolve the election dispute that has killed nearly 500 people in political and ethnic bloodletting. The chief US envoy for Africa said the vote count from Kenya's election was rigged, but both parties could have been involved, declining to blame either President Mwai Kibaki or the opposition leader who ran against him.
    (AP, 1/7/08)
2008        Jan 7, Kosovo's rival parties struck a power-sharing deal to form a government that is expected to declare independence from Serbia this year.
    (AP, 1/7/08)
2008        Jan 7, A shootout between Mexican authorities and suspected criminals just across the border from Texas left three people dead and eight injured.
    (AP, 1/8/08)
2008        Jan 7, The National Institute of Disaster Management (INGC) said 6 people have died and more than 20,000 others have been displaced by Mozambique's rising waters, the worst since the deadly flooding of 2000 to 2001.
    (AFP, 1/7/08)
2008        Jan 7, In South Korea fire tore through a refrigeration warehouse under construction in an industrial district south of Seoul, killing 40 people and sending toxic fumes into the air.
    (AP, 1/7/08)
2008        Jan 7, According to new military figures gunbattles between government troops and Tamil Tiger rebels have brought the death toll for four days of fighting to 81. Violence intensified following the government's Jan 2 announcement that it would formally withdraw from a 2002 cease-fire accord.
    (AP, 1/7/08)
2008        Jan 7, Armed men opened fire on a UN/African Union supply convoy in Sudan's war-torn Darfur region, the first attack on the newly formed joint peacekeeping mission.  On Jan 10 Sudan admitted that its troops had opened fire on a joint UN/African Union peacekeeping convoy in Darfur saying the attack was the result of a "shared mistake."
    (Reuters, 1/8/08)(Reuters, 1/10/08)
2008        Jan 7, The Tunis-based Arab League Educational Cultural and Scientific Organization said nearly one in 3 people in the Arab world is illiterate, including nearly half of all women in the region.
    (AP, 1/8/08)
2008        Jan 7, In Turkey an accused Kurdish rebel suspected of detonating a deadly car bomb last week in Diyarbakir was captured. Six other suspects also were detained.
    (AP, 1/8/08)

2008        Jan 8, Pres. Bush met with Turkey’s Pres. Abdullah Gul to discuss US policy on Turkey's fight against Kurdish rebels. Bush prepared to leave later in the day on his first major trip to the Mideast to try to build momentum for peace.
    (AP, 1/8/08)
2008        Jan 8, Pres. Bush signed legislation aimed at preventing the severely mentally ill from buying guns.
    (WSJ, 1/9/08, p.A1)
2008        Jan 8, California’s Gov. Schwarzenegger in his 5th State of the State speech proposed a constitutional amendment to keep the state from spending more than it collects in taxes. He said the projected $14 billion deficit was driven by voter-approved mandates escalating faster than state income. The proposed cost cutting included a the shutdown of 48 state parks.
    (SFC, 1/9/08, p.A1)(SFC, 1/17/08, p.A12)
2008        Jan 8, In New Hampshire Sen. Hillary Rodham Clinton (39%) led Barack Obama (36%) and John McCain (37%) led Mitt Romney (32%), reviving their sagging campaigns.
    (AP, 1/9/08)
2008        Jan 8, Gold futures surged above $880 an ounce and closed at $880.30, up $18.30.
    (SFC, 1/9/08, p.C3)
2008        Jan 8, James "Jimmy" Cayne (73), Bear Stearns Cos. Chief Executive, said he will give up day-to-day control of the fifth-largest US investment bank amid unprecedented losses from the subprime mortgage crisis. He planned to remain as executive chairman, and will be succeeded as CEO by President Alan Schwartz, effective immediately.
    (AP, 1/8/08)(Econ, 1/12/08, p.65)
2008        Jan 8, Google unveiled a strategy for its philanthropic arm, Google.org, under the leadership of Dr. Larry Brilliant. The program will be funded with 1% of the firm’s equity, annual profits and employee’s time and pursue 5 core initiatives in 3 areas: fighting climate change, economic development, and building an early warning system for pandemics and disasters.
    (Econ, 1/19/08, p.75)
2008        Jan 8, Flooding in northern Indiana left 3 people dead.
    (SFC, 1/10/08, p.A3)
2008        Jan 8, In Algeria an army commander and three members of the security forces were killed during an operation aimed at flushing out an Islamist group in scrubland in the north of the country. The sweep, aided by helicopters, was intended to flush out a group of 10-15 new recruits to the Al-Qaeda of the Islamic Maghreb group, who were intent on launching attacks on Constantine.
    (AP, 1/9/08)
2008        Jan 8, In Vienna, Austria, a court convicted an accountant of embezzling $1.8 million from the Helsinki Federation for Human Rights to support his mistress, a crime that forced the respected group to fold. The 43-year-old accountant to three years in jail, two of which were suspended. His 31-year-old girl friend was sentenced to two years, 16 months of which could be served on parole.
    (AP, 1/9/08)
2008        Jan 8, Britain’s PM Gordon Brown said that he wants a 3-year public sector pay deal, rather than the traditional annual deals, to control inflation and maintain economic stability.
    (AP, 1/8/08)
2008        Jan 8, Sohail Qureshi (29), a dentist, was jailed in London after admitting planning to travel to Pakistan to carry out unspecified acts of terrorism. Qureshi, who was sentenced to four and a half years, was detained at London Heathrow Airport in October 2006 carrying thousands of pounds in cash, as well as a night sight, medical supplies and computer material.
    (AFP, 1/8/08)
2008        Jan 8, Britain's Royal Mail issued a set of stamps commemorating James Bond to mark 100 years since the birth of his creator, Ian Fleming.
    (AP, 1/8/08)
2008        Jan 8, China posted a regulation dating from Dec 31 declaring war on the "white pollution" choking its cities, farms and waterways. China said it is banning free plastic shopping bags and called for a return to the cloth bags of old, steps largely welcomed by merchants and shoppers. The ban takes effect June 1.
    (AP, 1/10/08)
2008        Jan 8, The US military said US and Iraqi forces have launched operation Phantom Phoenix to strike against al-Qaida in Iraq and other extremists, hoping to build on a recent reduction of violence and push militants from their strongholds. The head of the municipality of Baghdad's primarily Sunni neighborhood of Yarmouk was killed when a bomb attached to his car exploded. A suicide bomber detonated his explosives at a checkpoint manned by police special forces in the Madain area, about 15 miles southeast of Baghdad, killing two members of the special forces and wounding five people. 3 US soldiers were killed and two wounded in an attack in Salahuddin province.
    (AP, 1/8/08)(AP, 1/10/08)
2008        Jan 8, In northern Greece a group of female protesters locked in a land dispute with the Greek Orthodox Church defied a 1,000-year-old ban and entered the all-male Mount Athos monastic sanctuary.
    (AP, 1/9/08)
2008        Jan 8, Two rockets fired from Lebanon struck northern Israel overnight, expanding the violence that has erupted on Israel's other borders ahead of President Bush's visit to the region. No injuries were reported.
    (AP, 1/8/08)
2008        Jan 8, Some 60,000 tons of garbage were piled up in the streets of Naples.
    (Econ, 1/12/08, p.44)
2008        Jan 8, Kenya's opposition leader rejected talks with the president, describing an invitation to meet as "public relations gimmickry" that would undermine attempts to end the ethnically-charged election standoff that has killed more than 500 people.
    (AP, 1/8/08)
2008        Jan 8, Maumoon Abdul Gayoom (70), the Maldives president, survived an assassination attempt when boy scout Mohammed Jaisham Ibrahim (15) grabbed the knife of an attacker who jumped out of a crowd of people greeting the president.
    (AP, 1/9/08)(AP, 1/10/08)
2008        Jan 8, In Mexico 3 US residents and seven others linked to the powerful Gulf drug cartel were arrested following a deadly shootout in Rio Bravo just across the border from Texas. In a second shootout, two federal agents were killed and three more injured when they clashed with a group of suspects in the nearby city of Reynosa.
    (AP, 1/9/08)
2008        Jan 8, A human rights campaign group called on Morocco to stop "muzzling" independence campaigners in the vast disputed region of Western Sahara, as UN-brokered peace talks on the 32-year row got underway in New York.
    (AP, 1/8/08)
2008        Jan 8, Nauru’s foreign minister said Australia's plans to close a much-criticized detention center for asylum seekers on Nauru will devastate its economy.
    (AFP, 1/8/08)
2008        Jan 8, A Sri Lankan government minister died in a roadside bombing blamed on the Tamil Tiger rebels, the first successful assassination of a top Sri Lankan official in 19 months. The bomb tore through the car carrying Nation Building Minister D.M. Dassanayake as he traveled through the Ja-Ela area.
    (AP, 1/8/08)
2008        Jan 8, A government spokeswoman said Taiwan cannot match China's reported $6 billion aid offer to Malawi, but hopes a legacy of goodwill can convince the African nation not to switch allegiance to its giant neighbor.
    (AP, 1/8/08)
2008        Jan 8, The wife of ousted PM Thaksin Shinawatra was handed an arrest warrant after she returned to Thailand to face corruption charges that could put her behind bars for 20 years.
    (AP, 1/8/08)

2008        Jan 9, The US imposed sanctions on Mishan Jaburi, owner of Al Zawra television in Syria, and Brig. Gen. Ahmed Foruzandeh, leader of the Iranian Quds Force, for broadcasting attacks on American troops and calls to violence. Jaburi, a former parliamentarian in Iraq, had fled to Syria in 2006 amid charges that he had embezzled millions from Iraq’s treasury. The BBC said the station was last seen July 27.
    (SFC, 1/10/08, p.A13)
2008        Jan 9, Members of US Congress increased their salaries to $169,300 this year, up $4,100, or 2.5%, after forgoing a raise in 2007.
    (WSJ, 1/10/08, p.A1)
2008        Jan 9, Muir Woods in northern California was listed on the national Registry of Historic Places on its 100th anniversary as a national monument.
    (SFC, 1/10/08, p.B1)
2008        Jan 9, A Survey of teen sexual behavior in Europe and North America found that a “substantial minority" of 15-year-olds have had intercourse.
    (WSJ, 1/10/08, p.A1)
2008        Jan 9, Some 70 cars crashed on a highway blanketed by fog and smoke from a brush fire in central Florida. 4 people were killed.
    (AP, 1/9/08)(SFC, 1/10/08, p.A3)
2008        Jan 9, In Washington, DC, the bodies of 4 girls, ages 5-17) were found by federal marshals delivering eviction papers. They had been dead for about seven months. Banita Jacks (34) was later convicted of killing her 4 daughters and in Dec 2009 was sentenced to 120 years in prison.
    (SFC, 12/19/09, p.A5)(http://tinyurl.com/ya5qebf)
2008        Jan 9, Afghan authorities said that at least 34 people had been killed in days of heavy snowfall across the country. A NATO vehicle struck a mine in southern Afghanistan, killing one soldier and wounding another, while a militant attack in the east left a policeman dead.
    (AFP, 1/9/08)(AP, 1/10/08)
2008        Jan 9, British police and animal welfare authorities rescued 84 neglected horses from a farm where they had found 31 dead horses, ponies and donkeys.
    (AP, 1/9/08)
2008        Jan 9, Sir John Harvey Jones, British corporate manager and TV star, died. He served as chairman of Imperial Chemical Industries (ICI) from 1982-1987. In 1990 he became the presenter of the pioneering BBC TV show “Troubleshooter" (1990-1992) which “aimed to interest the general public in the nitty-gritty of running a business." From 1989 to 1994 he served as chairman of The Economist.
    (Econ, 1/19/08, p.94)
2008        Jan 9, French legal plaintiffs said police have arrested Marcel Bivugabagabo (53), a former officer in the Rwandan army accused of taking part in the 1994 genocide. Bivugabagabo was commander of the Ruhengeri sector in western Rwanda from April to July 1994.
    (AFP, 1/9/08)
2008        Jan 9, The WHO, based on door-to-door surveys of nearly 10,000 households, estimated that 151,000 Iraqis had died from the start of war in March, 2003, to June, 2006. 2 policemen were found dead inside their vehicle in the al-Azizyah area, 35 miles southeast of Baghdad. 4 bodies were retrieved from the Tigris River in Suwayrah, 25 miles south of Baghdad. 6 US soldiers were killed and four were wounded in a booby-trapped house in Diyala.
    (SFC, 1/10/08, p.A9)(AP, 1/9/08)(AP, 1/10/08)
2008        Jan 9, The Israeli military fired at Palestinian militants in Gaza, killing three people, after a rocket hit a house in a battered Israeli border town just as President Bush, with an entourage of some 800 people, began his Mideast peace mission. Bush, seeking to pull Israel and the Palestinians toward serious negotiations, said that despite ongoing land squabbles and fears of violence he has high hopes that a Mideast peace pact can be achieved before he leaves office at the end of the year.
    (AP, 1/9/08)(Econ, 1/5/08, p.39)
2008        Jan 9, African Union chief John Kufuor met Kenyan leaders to try to break a political deadlock following disputed presidential polls that sparked widespread violence and left at least 600 dead. Hundreds of Kenyans tried to flee the country's west amid escalating opposition anger after the president named half of a new Cabinet, a line-up packed with his allies.
    (AFP, 1/9/08)(AP, 1/9/08)
2008        Jan 9, Hashim Thaci (39), a former rebel leader, was elected Kosovo's prime minister, vowing that the province is only weeks away from independence and calling on Serbia to give up its claim to the territory.
    (AP, 1/9/08)
2008        Jan 9, The latest round of UN-led peace talks between Morocco and the pro-independence Polisario Front ended in stalemate, with the two sides agreeing to try again in March to resolve a 32-year dispute for control of Western Sahara.
    (AP, 1/9/08)
2008        Jan 9, Norway and Sweden dropped plans to send some 400 troops to the UN peacekeeping force in Darfur because of opposition by Sudan.
    (WSJ, 1/10/08, p.A1)
2008        Jan 9, A natural gas blast ripped through an apartment building in Russia's Tatarstan region, killing at least seven people.
    (AP, 1/9/08)

2008        Jan 10, A US Justice Department audit was released and said telephone companies have cut off FBI wiretaps used to eavesdrop on suspected criminals because of the bureau's repeated failures to pay phone bills on time.
    (AP, 1/10/08)
2008        Jan 10, California Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger proposed an austere state budget to close a projected $14.5 billion deficit.
    (SFC, 1/11/08, p.A1)
2008        Jan 10, Ed Jew resigned from his seat on the SF Board of Supervisors effective as of noon on Jan 11.
    (SFC, 1/11/08, p.A1)
2008        Jan 10, Afghanistan urged Iran to stop deporting its citizens during the winter months, saying doing so could cause a humanitarian disaster.
    (AP, 1/10/08)
2008        Jan 10, In Belarus police broke up a rally of 2,000 entrepreneurs protesting moves by the authoritarian government to increase the burden on private business. The demonstrators opposed new legislation that would force them to reregister their ventures and double the amount of taxes they have to pay.
    (AP, 1/10/08)
2008        Jan 10, Britain’s government unveiled a new energy policy, which included a decision to support the building of new nuclear-power stations.
    (Econ, 1/12/08, p.49)
2008        Jan 10, British media reports said 3 swans found dead on a nature reserve in south-west England have tested positive for the H5N1 strain of bird flu.
    (AFP, 1/10/08)
2008        Jan 10, Helicopters sent by Venezuela's president picked up two hostages freed by Colombian rebels in the jungle and flew the women across the border. Clara Rojas was an aide to Colombian presidential candidate Ingrid Betancourt in February 2002 when the two were kidnapped on the campaign trail. Rojas gave birth in captivity to a boy fathered by one of the guerrillas. Betancourt is still being held. The other freed hostage, former congresswoman Consuelo Gonzalez de Perdomo, had been abducted in September 2001. FARC, in a statement published on a pro-rebel Web site, said the unilateral release demonstrated the group's "unquestionable willingness" to engage the government in talks over the release of remaining hostages. The Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia is thought to still hold more than 700 others.
    (AP, 1/11/08)(Econ, 1/19/08, p.39)
2008        Jan 10, In Georgia authorities formally charged Badri Patarkatsishvili, a billionaire businessman, who ran in this month's presidential election with plotting to overthrow the government. Patarkatsishvili left Georgia in November and has spent time in Britain and Israel. He has acknowledged offering large sums of money to police if they side with protesters.
    (AP, 1/11/08)
2008        Jan 10, India's Tata Motors unveiled the world's cheapest car, bringing new mobility within the reach of tens of millions of people and nightmares to environmentalists, traffic engineers and safety advocates. The Tata Nano was expected to sell for about $2,500.
    (AP, 1/10/08)(SFC, 1/11/08, p.C1)
2008        Jan 10, In central Baghdad, two bombs exploded almost simultaneously near a military checkpoint, killing two policemen and one soldier. 11 others were wounded, including four civilians. US bombers and jet fighters unleashed 40,000 pounds of explosives during a 10-minute airstrike, flattening what the military called safe havens for al-Qaida in Iraq on the southern outskirts Baghdad. Al-Jibouri, leader of Arab Jabour's Awakening Council, said the airstrikes killed at least 21 al-Qaida militants including a group leader.
    (AP, 1/10/08)(AP, 1/11/08)
2008        Jan 10, A cargo boat laden with 500 tons of garbage from Naples docked at the island of Sardinia as the government worked to undo a weeks-long trash emergency that left heaps of waste piled up on the streets of Naples.
    (AP, 1/10/08)
2008        Jan 10, Japan’s Matsushita Electric Industrial Co. said it will drop the name of its charismatic founder and become Panasonic Corp. to strengthen its global image.
    (AP, 1/10/08)
2008        Jan 10, An African Union statement said former UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan is taking over mediation in Kenya's disputed presidential election. Kenya's feuding political leaders agreed to an immediate cessation of violence and any acts that may harm efforts to end the country's post-election crisis,
    (AP, 1/10/08)(AFP, 1/10/08)
2008        Jan 10, In Mexico gunmen shot dead two federal agents and a civilian in the central state of Michoacan.
    (AP, 1/11/08)
2008        Jan 10, Sir Edmund Hillary (88), the first person to stand atop the world's highest mountain, died in New Zealand. He was remembered as a deeply driven but unassuming man who strived to help the people of Nepal in the decades after his 1953 ascent of Mount Everest with Sherpa Tenzing Norgay.
    (AP, 1/11/08)
 2008        Jan 10, In eastern Pakistan a suicide bomber blew himself up among police deployed outside a court in Lahore, killing at least 25 people, including 21 policemen, and wounding more than 70. Pakistani troops killed more than 50 Taliban militants after fighting off an attack overnight on a military fort near the town of Ladha in rugged South Waziristan.
    (AP, 1/10/08)(WSJ, 1/11/08, p.A1)(AFP, 1/12/08)
2008        Jan 10, In the West Bank President Bush predicted that a Mideast peace treaty would be completed by the time he leaves office. Bush named Lt. Gen. William Fraser III of the US Air Force to oversee compliance with a US-backed peace plan.
    (AP, 1/10/08)
2008        Jan 10, Russia’s President Vladimir Putin named a prominent nationalist politician as ambassador to NATO at a time of severely strained ties between the two.
    (AP, 1/10/08)
2008        Jan 10, Government officials and rebels said soldiers and Shiite rebels are fighting again in northern Yemen, breaking a 6-month-old cease-fire with clashes that have killed more than 30 people.
    (AP, 1/10/08)

2008        Jan 11, Bank of America said it will buy Countrywide Financial for $4.1 billion in stock, a deal that rescues the country's biggest mortgage lender and expands the financial services empire of the nation's largest consumer bank.
    (AP, 1/11/08)
2008        Jan 11, A historic passenger jet flight from Australia to Antarctica touched down smoothly on a blue ice runway, launching the only regular airlink between the continents.
    (AP, 1/11/08)
2008        Jan 11, Belgium, France and Poland pledged to provide the resources needed to launch a European Union peacekeeping force for Chad and the Central African Republic.
    (AP, 1/11/08)
2008        Jan 11, Liverpool launches its year as European Capital of Culture with events including a musical about its past and future starring ex-Beatle Ringo Starr.
    (AFP, 1/11/08)
2008        Jan 11, Canada confirmed it would hold a formal inquiry into why former PM Brian Mulroney accepted hundreds of thousands of dollars in cash from a business lobbyist.
    (Reuters, 1/11/08)
2008        Jan 11, The EU food-safety agency endorsed meat and milk derived from cloned animals.
    (WSJ, 1/12/08, p.A1)
2008        Jan 11, In France militant French farmer Jose Bove and about 15 supporters called off their hunger strike in its eighth day after the government ordered the suspension of the use of genetically modified corn.
    (AP, 1/11/08)
2008        Jan 11, The World Bank uncovered serious incidents of fraud and corruption in about $750 million of health projects it has funded in India dating back to 1997.
    (WSJ, 1/14/08, p.A1)
2008        Jan 11, In Iraq an influential Shiite leader called for Sunnis and secular parties to rejoin the government and help break months of deadlock. In Baghdad a car bomb exploded near a bakery killing 4 people.
    (SFC, 1/12/08, p.A6)
2008        Jan 11, President Bush had tears in his eyes during an hour-long tour of Israel's Holocaust memorial and told Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice that the US should have bombed Auschwitz to halt the killing. Bush wrapped up his 3-day visit to Israel and departed for Kuwait, where he sought Arab support for the US-backed Mideast peace deal.
    (AP, 1/11/08)
2008        Jan 11, Japan's parliament cleared the way for its navy to return to the Indian Ocean on a US-backed anti-terror mission, after stiff lobbying from Washington in support of the measure.
    (AP, 1/11/08)
2008        Jan 11, In Kazakhstan a methane gas explosion ripped through a coal mine, owned by ArcelorMittal, the world's largest steelmaker, killing at least 30 miners.
    (AP, 1/11/08)(AFP, 1/13/08)
2008        Jan 11, In central Mexico a helicopter carrying volunteers on a mission to distribute toys to needy children crashed, killing eight people, including a government official.
    (AP, 1/12/08)
2008        Jan 11, In Nigeria MEND, the prominent militant group in the oil-rich Niger Delta, said it planted an explosive device that set a tanker on fire in Port Harcourt.
    (AFP, 1/11/08)

2008        Jan 12, America formally opened its new $174 million base at the south Pole. It took almost 20 years to design and build.
    (Econ, 1/19/08, p.89)
2008        Jan 12, In Half Moon Bay, Ca., the annual Maverick surfing contest was won by Greg Long (24), or Orange County, who split his first prize of $30,000 with 5 other finalists in a pact that netted each $9,500.
    (SSFC, 1/13/08, p.A1)
2008        Jan 12, In Daly City, Ca., Jose Perez-Gonzalez, an illegal immigrant, broke into a house and beat a woman with a metal pry bar after she surprised him. The attack left the woman (78) blind. Perez was tracked to Guadalajara, Mexico, where he was arrested in November 2008. In 2011 he was sentenced in San Mateo County to 11 years and 8 months in prison.
    (SFC, 3/4/11, p.C3)
2008        Jan 12, In southern Afghanistan Dutch troops killed two of their own men during a nighttime battle in Uruzgan province, and separately two allied Afghan soldiers they mistook for enemies. About 1,650 Dutch troops were deployed in Uruzgan as part of the NATO mission there. 14 Dutch troops have died since their mission began last year.
    (AP, 1/13/08)
2008        Jan 12, Greenpeace said its protest ship located Japan's whaling fleet in Antarctic waters and is pursuing it to stop the hunt for the giant sea creatures.
    (AP, 1/12/08)
2008        Jan 12, At Argentina's main airport frustrated passengers smashed ticket counters and threw objects at airline staff after the country's flagship airline canceled international flights for a 2nd day due to delays caused by a baggage handlers strike and a walkout by ticket counter workers.
    (Reuters, 1/12/08)
2008        Jan 12, In Bangladesh thousands of textile factory workers took to the streets blocking a major highway in the capital Dhaka, demanding a pay rise and overtime payments.
    (AP, 1/12/08)
2008        Jan 12, China’s state media reported that accidents in China's coal mines killed 3,786 people In 2007, a toll that is a marked improvement from previous years, but still leaves China's mines the world's deadliest.
    (AP, 1/12/08)
2008        Jan 12, Croatia’s Parliament approved a new coalition government headed by PM Ivo Sanader, who vowed to pursue Croatia's quest to join the EU and NATO.
    (AP, 1/12/08)
2008        Jan 12, Iraq's parliament voted to allow some former members of Saddam Hussein's Baath party to reclaim government jobs and said others could receive pensions but could not return to work. A US soldier died after a bomb struck his vehicle in northern Iraq.
    (AP, 1/12/08)(SFC, 1/14/08, p.A19)
2008        Jan 12, A leading Kenyan human rights group said some of the worst violence in the country's deadly disputed presidential election was the work of militias paid and directed by politicians. Maina Kiai, chairman of the state-funded human rights body, said that in response to attacks on Kikuyu, government politicians have recruited the Mungiki, a Kikuyu gang blamed for a string of beheadings carried out in Nairobi's slums this year. The EU, US and UN urged Kenya's feuding politicians to agree a peaceful and democratic end to violence that has killed 575 people since disputed December 27 polls.
    (AP, 1/12/08)(Reuters, 1/12/08)(WSJ, 1/14/08, p.A1)
2008        Jan 12, A Macedonian Army helicopter returning from a peacekeeping mission in Bosnia crashed in foggy conditions, killing all 11 people on board.
    (AP, 1/13/08)
2008        Jan 12, In Nigeria a speeding fuel tanker crashed and spilled its cargo in Port Harcourt, and as many as three dozen people were feared dead in the resulting fire.
    (AP, 1/12/08)
2008        Jan 12, In Pakistan security forces arrested 59 insurgents after they attacked police with rockets near the town of Ladha in South Waziristan.
    (AP, 1/13/08)
2008        Jan 12, Gunmen smashed windows, burned buses and looted computers belonging to a private American school in Gaza before dawn, an attack officials believed was linked to President Bush's visit to the West Bank earlier this week.
    (AP, 1/12/08)
2008        Jan 12, Saudi authorities beheaded an Indonesian maid convicted of killing her employer. The Interior Ministry said the maid used a pillow to suffocate her employer Aisha Al Makhaled and then stole her jewelry in the southern province of Asir.
    (AP, 1/12/08)
2008        Jan 12, South African national police chief Jackie Selebi was placed on extended leave, a day after prosecutors announced plans to charge him with corruption over his links to a murder suspect. Selebi resigned as president of Interpol and planned to fight corruption allegations.
    (AP, 1/12/08)(WSJ, 1/14/08, p.A1)
2008        Jan 12, Angel Gonzalez (82), one of Spain's most prominent poets and member of a literary generation known for its opposition to the dictatorship of Gen. Francisco Franco, died.
    (AP, 1/14/08)
2008        Jan 12, Taiwan's opposition Nationalist Party (KMT) won a landslide victory over the ruling DPP in legislative elections, dealing a humiliating blow to the government's hardline China policies two months before a presidential poll.
    (Reuters, 1/12/08)
2008        Jan 12, In Venezuela Commander Hugo Chavez, spearheaded the installation of the Founding Congress of the United Socialist Party of Venezuela (PSUV) at the San Carlos quarter in Caracas.
    (www.rnv.gov.ve/noticias/index.php?act=ST&f=31&t=58972)

2008        Jan 13, The NY Times reported that at least 121 Iraq and Afghanistan war veterans have committed a killing or been charged in one in the US after returning from combat.
    (AP, 1/13/08)
2008        Jan 13, Ken Kelley (58), former editor of the Ann Arbor Argus and the SF-based SunDance magazine, died in Pleasanton, Ca.
    (http://hotweir.blogspot.com/2008/01/goodbye-to-my-friend-ken-kelley.html)(SFC, 4/22/08, p.B3)(http://bentley.umich.edu/exhibits/sinclair/)
2008        Jan 13, In Abu Dhabi, UAR, President Bush said that Iran is threatening the security of the world, and that the United States and Arab allies must join together to confront the danger "before it's too late."
    (AP, 1/13/08)
2008        Jan 13, William Wood, US ambassador to Afghanistan, flew to Musa Qala, previously held by the Taliban in the heart of the world's largest poppy-growing region, and told with Mullah Abdul Salaam, the ex-militant commander now in charge there, that Afghans must stop "producing poison." In southern Afghanistan Taliban militants killed eight officers in an attack on a police checkpoint in Kandahar province. A suicide bomber killed another policeman and wounded eight other people when he blew himself up in a housing compound in the town of Lashkar Gah in neighboring Helmand province.
    (AP, 1/13/08)(AP, 1/14/08)
2008        Jan 13, Two young adventurers completed a 62-day paddle of more than 2,000 miles to become the first people to travel from Australia to New Zealand by kayak.
    (AP, 1/13/08)
2008        Jan 13, In Chile Patricia Troncoso (39), an imprisoned Indian-rights activist who has been on a hunger strike for 93 days, was sent to a hospital because of her deteriorating condition. Troncoso, imprisoned in 2002, is serving a 10-year sentence for participating in a group that set a fire on a farm claimed by Mapuche Indian activists who say the property belonged to their ancestors.
    (AP, 1/13/08)
2008        Jan 13, China took aim at price manipulators and hoarders of goods, as Beijing ramped up its campaign to rein in inflation which is running at its highest level in more than a decade. The government said it has closed more than 11,000 small coal mines as part of a two-year-old safety crackdown aimed at stemming the industry's high death toll.
    (Reuters, 1/13/08)(AP, 1/13/08)
2008        Jan 13, Delegation chief Kambasu Ngeze said at a Congolese peace conference that renegade general Laurent Nkunda's Kivu movement vowed to continue its armed struggle "with neither remorse nor regret."
    (AP, 1/13/08)
2008        Jan 13, French President Nicolas Sarkozy confirmed plans to sign a nuclear cooperation agreement with the United Arab Emirates amid reports French firms could construct up to two nuclear reactors there.
    (AP, 1/13/08)
2008        Jan 13, In Georgia tens of thousands of opposition supporters rallied in Tbilisi to protest what they denounced as massive vote fraud that helped US-allied Mikhail Saakashvili win a second presidential term.
    (AP, 1/13/08)
2008        Jan 13, Indian PM Manmohan Singh arrived in Beijing for a three-day visit aimed at boosting sometimes strained relations between the two Asian giants.
    (AP, 1/13/08)
2008        Jan 13, In Iraq several Shiite and Sunni political factions united to pressure Kurds over control of oil and the future of Kirkuk, which the Kurds wished to annex.
    (SFC, 1/14/08, p.A19)
2008        Jan 13, Irish PM Bertie Ahern arrived in Cape Town as part of a five-day visit to South Africa and Tanzania.
    (AP, 1/13/08)
2008        Jan 13, King Abdullah II of Jordan arrived on a three-day official visit to Morocco. Talks between King Abdullah II and Morocco's King Mohammed VI focused on revitalizing trade between Amman and Rabat.
    (AFP, 1/13/08)
2008        Jan 13, A UN humanitarian agency said floods in Mozambique have killed about 50 people and displaced tens of thousands.
    (AP, 1/13/08)
2008        Jan 13, In Sri Lanka Japan's peace envoy opened talks, hinting international donors may hold back much-needed foreign aid if the island's decades-long ethnic conflict escalates. Government soldiers crossed the front lines, destroying three bunkers and killing six rebels. Troops killed a 7th insurgent when he went to inspect the front lines north of rebel-held territory.
    (AP, 1/13/08)(AP, 1/15/08)
2008        Jan 13, In Thailand six suspected militants escaped in a jailbreak.
    (AP, 1/15/08)

2008        Jan 14, The trial of US film actor Wesley Snipes began regarding unpaid taxes from 1999-2004. During this period he earned $38 million and paid no taxes under advice from 2 tax professionals, who cited section 861 of the federal tax code.
    (SFC, 1/14/08, p.A2)
2008        Jan 14, The NASA space probe Messenger skimmed 124 miles above Mercury in the first of 3 passes before it settles into orbit in 2011.
    (SFC, 1/14/08, p.A20)
2008        Jan 14, A 30-year-old Boeing 747, outfitted by NASA with a telescope, stopped at Ames Research Center in Mountain View, Ca. The Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) was expected to begin scientific flights in 2009.
    (SFC, 1/15/08, p.B3)
2008        Jan 14, California officials confirmed that zebra mussels have been found in the San Justo Reservoir, a dam near Hollister. This type of mussel was first detected in the US in the Great lakes in 1989 and has spread like a plague. Colorado officials earlier this month confirmed zebra mussels in Lake Pueblo.
    (SFC, 1/25/08, p.B1)(http://tinyurl.com/2nojd2)
2008        Jan 14, In Indianapolis two mothers and their 2 babies were shot and killed. 2 men were seen running form the victim’s home. Four men were later arrested in connection with the fatal shootings.
    (SFC, 1/16/08, p.A4)(AP, 1/20/08)
2008        Jan 14, Richard Knerr (82), co-founder of the toy company that popularized the Hula Hoop, Frisbee and other fads that became classics, died. Knerr started Wham-O in 1948 with his childhood friend Arthur "Spud" Melin.
    (AP, 1/17/08)
2008        Jan 14, In Afghanistan militants with suicide vests, grenades and AK-47 rifles attacked Kabul's most popular luxury hotel, killing 8 people in a coordinated assault. Three hotel employees and two guards were killed during the attack along with an American citizen and a Norwegian reporter. A Filipina spa supervisor wounded in the attack died the next day.
    (AP, 1/15/08)
2008        Jan 14, The British government said all visitors to Britain requiring visas will have to be fingerprinted starting today.
    (AP, 1/14/08)
2008        Jan 14, A Chinese cargo ship sank in high waves off western Taiwan, leaving 12 seamen missing.
    (AP, 1/14/08)
2008        Jan 14, Alvaro Colom (56) was sworn in for a four-year term as president of Guatemala, along with Vice President Rafael Espada, who gave up a decades-long medical career in Texas to return to Guatemala last year as Colom's running mate.
    (AP, 1/14/08)
2008        Jan 14, In India hundreds of residents were evacuated as a towering fire in a central Calcutta market burned for the third straight day. Some 2,500 shops have been destroyed in the blaze, although there have been no serious injuries or deaths reported.
    (AP, 1/14/08)
2008        Jan 14, In Iraq gunmen assassinated Sunni Judge Amir Jawdat al-Naeib as he headed to work in Baghdad. Gunmen who apparently followed two Iraqi soldiers from a military camp opened fire on them, killing both. To the north in Buhriz, a booby-trapped house exploded as Iraqi police searched the building. A police officer and 2 members of the local Awakening Council were killed. Haji Uday, a senior member of the Awakening Council in Baquba was killed in a collision with a dump truck. In Kut  4 people were killed when US troops opened fire in an intersection. Alternately the US military said a suspected criminal was killed when 2 vehicles failed to stop as they approached a US-Iraqi patrol in Kut.
    (AP, 1/14/08)(SFC, 1/15/08, p.A15)
2008        Jan 14, PM Ehud Olmert told a powerful parliamentary panel that Israel rejects "no options" to block Iran from obtaining nuclear weapons.
    (AP, 1/14/08)
2008        Jan 14, Kazakhstan’s state oil company Kazmunaigas said it has ended a long-running conflict with a group of Western majors over ownership of the Kashagan oil field, one of the world's largest new deposits.
    (AFP, 1/14/08)
2008        Jan 14, In Mexico Tijuana District Commander Jose de Jesus Arias Rico and his assistant Elbert Escobedo Marquez were riddled with bullets as they traveled in a private vehicle after finishing their shift. A car chase and shootout between Tijuana municipal police and at least two people who allegedly tried to rob an armored car after it made a cash pickup at a bank. One suspect was killed and another was wounded.
    (AP, 1/15/08)
2008        Jan 14, Pakistani security forces killed 23 Taliban fighters and lost seven of their own men during clashes, while a Taliban spokesman said 17 troopers were captured. A bomb killed 10 people in Karachi as Pres. Musharraf was visiting, sparking violent protests. Six British detectives left Pakistan bound for London with evidence collected from their investigation into the assassination of Pakistani opposition leader Benazir Bhutto.
    (Reuters, 1/14/08)(AP, 1/14/08)(AFP, 1/15/08)
2008        Jan 14, Russia’s Foreign Ministry said no more visas will be issued for new British Council expatriate employees in Saint Petersburg and Yekaterinburg, accreditation renewals for existing employees will be blocked and a tax inquiry will be launched against the Saint Petersburg office after a British cultural organization reopened offices in defiance of an order to close. Russia last month ordered the closure of the two regional offices of the British Council, a nonprofit organization that acts as the cultural arm of the British Embassy, saying they were operating illegally.
    (AFP, 1/14/08)(AP, 1/14/08)
2008        Jan 14, In Saudi Arabia President Bush, on his first visit to this oil-rich kingdom, delivered a major arms sale to its ally in a region.
    (AP, 1/14/08)
2008        Jan 14, The Serbian government said has adopted a secret plan to implement "in case of a unilateral declaration of independence" by Kosovo.
    (Reuters, 1/14/08)
2008        Jan 14, In South Africa Johan Nel (18), wearing camouflage and carrying a rifle, began firing on a group of children as he took a path through the settlement just outside the village of Swartruggens. His shooting rampage in the black settlement left four people dead, including a mother and her infant. His father handed him over to police. In November Nel pleaded guilty as his trial started.
    (AP, 1/24/08)(AP, 11/17/08)
2008        Jan 14, In Sri Lanka Japanese mediator Yasushi Akashi met with Foreign Minister Rohitha Bogollagama and President Mahinda Rajapaksa during the envoy's three-day visit. Government fighter jets attacked a Tamil Tiger intelligence and military base in Kombavikulam in a rebel-held area. A second air raid destroyed a rebel artillery position in a village in Mannar. The military said a wave of pitched battles, bombings and an airstrike killed at least 22 guerrillas and 2 soldiers in northern Sri Lanka. Rebels said they held off a major military offensive in Mannar in a battle that killed at least 30 soldiers and three rebels.
    (AP, 1/15/08)(AFP, 1/15/08)
2008        Jan 14, A rebel chief said Sudanese warplanes have been bombing rebel positions around the town of Geneina for the past three days in a bid to break the siege on the West Darfur state capital. Local media said gunmen stormed a Darfur prison, setting free at least 90 detainees, as sporadic violence continued to erupt throughout the western Sudanese region. A UN official in South Darfur said the attack appeared to have been conducted by fighters from the Salamat tribe of nomadic Arabs, who escaped with several of the detainees also believed to be Salamat. The Salamat and other Darfur nomadic tribes are among the groups suspected of belonging to the janjaweed.
    (AFP, 1/14/08)(AP, 1/14/08)
2008        Jan 14, Taiwan reported that Malawi has cut diplomatic ties with Taiwan in favor of relations with China, which has been using its rising political and economic clout to reduce the number of countries who recognize the island. Chinese state media said Beijing and Malawi had established diplomatic relations late last month.
    (AP, 1/14/08)
2008        Jan 14, In southern Thailand suspected Muslim insurgents killed eight soldiers, leaving one beheaded, in a bomb and shooting attack.
    (AP, 1/14/08)

2008        Jan 15, Pres. Bush signed an exemption to allow the US Navy to continue using high-power sonar off the coast of Southern California. Anti-submarine warfare training would still not go forward because an injunction was in place against the practice due to its effect on whales and other marine mammals. On Feb 4 a federal judge rejected the Bush exemption.
    (SFC, 1/17/08, p.A3)(SFC, 2/5/08, p.A3)
2008        Jan 15, Republican Mitt Romney won the Michigan primary with 39.4% of the vote. McCain got 30% and Huckabee 15.4%.
    (SFC, 1/16/08, p.A11)
2008        Jan 15, A US District judge ordered the border city of Eagle Pass, Texas, to surrender 233 acres to the federal government for the construction of a border fence by the Homeland Security Dept.
    (SFC, 1/17/08, p.A5)
2008        Jan 15, US lawyers for the families of seven Americans killed in the Sep, 1989, bombing of French UTA Flight 772 said a federal judge in Washington has ordered Libya and six of its officials to pay more than $6 billion in damages.
    (Reuters, 1/16/08)
2008        Jan 15, Citigroup Inc. said it lost $9.8 billion in last year's final three months, the largest quarterly deficit in its 196-year history. The company slashed its dividend and 4,200 jobs as it recorded a mammoth write-down for bad bets on the mortgage industry. Vikram Pandit planned a $14.5 capital infusion from sovereign wealth funds and others.
    (AP, 1/15/08)(Econ, 1/19/08, p.82)
2008        Jan 15, Brad Renfro (25), a street-smart Tennessee schoolboy plucked from obscurity in 1993 to play the title role in "The Client" (1993), was found dead in his home in LA.
    (AP, 1/16/08)
2008        Jan 15, A Boeing-built satellite for mobile voice and data services was placed in orbit by a rocket launched from a floating platform in the Pacific Ocean.
    (AP, 1/16/08)
2008        Jan 15, Afghan authorities raided a house in Kabul where the alleged attackers on the Serena Hotel had spent the night before the attack. Police found a video showing two of the assailants, identified as Farouq and Salahuddin, saying they were ready to die. The owner of the house and his brother were arrested. Officials said heavy snow, avalanches and cold weather have killed at least 85 people in western Afghanistan in recent days.
    (AP, 1/15/08)
2008        Jan 15, Australia's new government told an Indian envoy that it will not sell uranium to his country while it is not a member of the global nonproliferation treaty.
    (AP, 1/15/08)
2008        Jan 15, An Australian judge banned the company that conducts Japan's whale hunt from killing the animals in a large part of its regular hunting grounds off Antarctica. Japanese whalers said they are holding captive two activists who "illegally" boarded their vessel in the Southern Ocean, in a dramatic escalation in the battle between the two sides.
    (AP, 1/15/08)
2008        Jan 15, Barbados held elections. The opposition swept to power, winning at least 20 of the 30 seats in Barbados' legislature. David Thompson led the Democratic Labor Party back to power and inherited a public debt equal to 88% of GDP.
    (AP, 1/16/08)(Econ, 1/19/08, p.40)
2008        Jan 15, Brazil signed accords with Cuba offering economic aid and sealed a deal to drill for oil off the island’s coast. Brazil’s Pres. Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva Trade with businessmen in tow signed trade and investment deals totaling some $1 billion.
    (WSJ, 1/16/08, p.A1)(Econ, 6/28/08, p.45)
2008        Jan 15, Britain and Russia traded threats and recrimination as a diplomatic feud over the role of the British government's cultural arm worsened.
    (Reuters, 1/15/08)
2008        Jan 15, The Canadian government fired the country's top nuclear watchdog, criticizing her for how she handled the closure of a key reactor which makes medical radioisotopes.
    (Reuters, 1/16/08)
2008        Jan 15, Finland's Nokia, the top global mobile phone manufacturer, said that it planned to close a factory in Germany by mid-year which employs 2,300 workers.
    (AFP, 1/15/08)
2008        Jan 15, The French government announced during a visit by Pres. Sarkozy that it will set up a permanent military base of up to 500 troops in the United Arab Emirates.
    (AP, 1/15/08)
2008        Jan 15, In Georgia tens of thousands of people demonstrated in Tbilisi, pressing for a presidential runoff but celebrating an agreement giving the opposition more control over the main state-funded television station.
    (AP, 1/15/08)
2008        Jan 15, India confirmed a bird flu outbreak among poultry following the death of thousands of chickens in the past week in the state of West Bengal. A train collided with a packed auto rickshaw in eastern India, killing nine people and injuring two.
    (AFP, 1/15/08)(AP, 1/15/08)
2008        Jan 15, In Iraq 5 school children were killed after being struck by a car in the convoy of a top judicial official during a chaotic gunbattle with checkpoint guards in Baghdad.
    (AP, 1/16/08)
2008        Jan 15, Israeli tanks and helicopters raided Gaza, killing the son of the territory's most powerful leader and 16 other Palestinians in the bloodiest day of fighting since Hamas seized the coastal strip in June.
    (AP, 1/15/08)
2008        Jan 15, Kenya’s legislators chose an opposition member as parliament speaker in a close vote, giving a victory to foes of the president as they prepared for mass protest rallies. Grace Kaindi, the police chief of Kisumu, said she had ordered her officers to fire on a rioting crowd, saying she was forced to because police were overwhelmed during protests over disputed elections. Of the 612 deaths government officials have attributed to election violence, 53 were in Kisumu; hospital records show 44 of those were killed by police bullets.
    (AP, 1/16/08)
2008        Jan 15, An explosion targeted a US Embassy vehicle in northern Beirut, killing four Lebanese and injuring a local embassy employee.
    (AP, 1/15/08)
2008        Jan 15, In Mexico before dawn Margarito Saldana, Tijuana district commander, was shot dead while he slept in his home.
    (AP, 1/15/08)
2008        Jan 15, In Nigeria a civilian was killed and two policemen injured in an overnight attack on the convoy of a port authority official in the oil hub city Port Harcourt. Anglo-Dutch energy giant Shell said that local people were hampering efforts to repair the sabotaged pipelines at the Forcados export terminal in southern Nigeria.
    (AFP, 1/15/08)
2008        Jan 15, In Pakistan some 200 Islamic militants overran the Sararogha Fort close to the Afghan border breaking through the walls with rockets. The battle killed seven soldiers and left 20 missing. The military said 50 attackers died.
    (AP, 1/16/08)
2008        Jan 15, In the Philippines gunmen ransacked a Roman Catholic school in the southernmost Tawi-Tawi Island, fatally shooting Reynaldo Roda (55), a priest who had received death threats from Muslim militants and abducting a teacher.
    (AP, 1/16/08)
2008        Jan 15, In Saudi Arabia Pres. Bush urged OPEC nations to put more oil on the world market and warned that soaring prices could cause an economic slowdown in the US. The kingdom's oil minister said Saudi Arabia will raise oil production when the market justifies it.
    (AP, 1/15/08)
2008        Jan 15, A southern official said in the local press that troops from northern Sudan are hiding out in bushes of south Sudan in defiance of a peace deal requirement to withdraw.
    (AFP, 1/15/08)
2008        Jan 15, Singing schoolchildren welcomed Taiwanese President Chen Shui-bian to St. Lucia for his first visit since the small Caribbean island shifted diplomatic ties to Taipei instead of rival China.
    (AP, 1/16/08)
2008        Jan 15, In southern Thailand suspected Muslim insurgents exploded a bomb that left at least 39 people injured in a market in Yala.
    (AP, 1/15/08)
2008        Jan 15, Turkish warplanes bombed Kurdish rebel targets in northern Iraq in the latest in a series of cross-border air strikes.
    (AFP, 1/15/08)

2008        Jan 16, CIA analyst Tom Donahue disclosed that criminals have been able to hack into computer systems via the Internet and cut power to several cities outside the US. He offered few specifics on what actually went wrong.
    (www.pcworld.com/article/id,141564-c,hackers/article.html)
2008        Jan 16, US District Judge Charles Breyer sentenced Gregory Reyes, former CEO of Brocade Communications Systems Inc., to 21 months in prison and fined him $15 million for ordering options grants to employees to be changed to look as though they were made on days when the stock's value was lower. On March 26, 2010, Reyes was convicted in a 2nd jury trial over backdating employee stock options.
    (AP, 1/16/08)(SFC, 3/27/10, p.D1)
2008        Jan 16, A US District court in Kansas City, Mo., unsealed a 42-count indictment that accused the Islamic Relief Agency of paying Mark Deli Siljander, a former Michigan congressman (1981-1987), $50,000 for lobbying funds that were sent to terrorists.
    (SFC, 1/17/08, p.A4)
2008        Jan 16, In Georgia 2 off-duty DeKalb County police officers were killed in what appeared to be an ambush at an apartment complex in what residents described as a high-crime neighborhood.
    (AP, 1/16/08)
2008        Jan 16, BEA Systems accepted an $8.5 billion offer to be acquired by Oracle Corp.
    (SFC, 1/17/08, p.C1)
2008        Jan 16, Sun Microsystems agreed to buy MySQL AB, a Swedish-based database firm, for $1 billion.
    (SFC, 1/17/08, p.C3)
2008        Jan 16, Texas was ranked as the biggest polluter in the US, making it the 7th worst in the world if it were its own nation.
    (WSJ, 1/17/08, p.A1)
2008        Jan 16, A British cultural organization accused Russian authorities of harassing its staff and said it had temporarily closed its offices in St. Petersburg.
    (AP, 1/17/08)
2008        Jan 16, Chile's congress backed a pension reform bill to ensure the country's landmark social security program for the first time covers every citizen.
    (AP, 1/17/08)
2008        Jan 16, Pres. Bush visited Egypt. Stalled reforms and bitterness over the jailing of hundreds of dissidents haunted his visit. Bush promised to stay engaged in pulling Israelis and Palestinians toward a peace pact by the end of his term.
    (AP, 1/16/08)
2008        Jan 16, In Iraq a woman wearing a vest lined with explosives blew herself up near a popular market and Shiite mosque in turbulent Diyala province, killing eight civilians. Small arms fire killed 3 US soldiers conducting operations in Salahuddin province.
    (AP, 1/16/08)
2008        Jan 16, In Israel a hawkish faction in PM Ehud Olmert's coalition pulled out of the government, weakening him at a time when he needs broad support to reach a peace deal with the Palestinians by the end of the year. Israeli forces evacuated two makeshift settlement outposts in the West Bank. Israeli aircraft targeting Palestinian rocket squads hit a wrong vehicle killing a boy (12), along with his father and uncle.
    (AP, 1/16/08)(SFC, 1/17/08, p.A10)
2008        Jan 16, Italian police arrested scores of suspected mobsters in Palermo in the latest raid on suspected Sicilian Mafia hideouts.
    (AP, 1/16/08)
2008        Jan 16, Japan's whaling fleet in the Antarctic halted its operations and scrambled to arrange the turnover of two activists who boarded one of its harpoon ships after a tense, high-seas chase, accusing the Sea Shepherd conservation group of piracy.
    (AP, 1/16/08)
2008        Jan 16, In Kenya police fired tear gas and bullets to disperse thousands of protesters in several cities at the start of three days of opposition rallies that reignited post-election violence. At least one person was fatally shot by police.
    (AP, 1/16/08)
2008        Jan 16, In Morocco 16 people were killed and 30 injured when an apartment block being built in Kenitra collapsed.
    (AFP, 1/17/08)
2008        Jan 16, In New Zealand Hone Tuwhare (86), the first Maori poet to be published in English and one of New Zealand's most celebrated verse writers, died.
    (AP, 1/17/08)
2008        Jan 16, Niger authorities formally charged two French journalists with threatening state security for attempting to report on rebel groups in Niger's volatile north, a crime punishable by death in the West African country.
    (AP, 1/16/08)
2008        Jan 16, Russia warned Kosovo's leaders that if they declare independence the territory will never become a member of the UN or other international political institutions.
    (AP, 1/16/08)
2008        Jan 16, South Korea's conservative president-elect Lee Myung-bak revealed plans to scrap the government ministry that has preached reconciliation with North Korea, after pledging to be tougher on Pyongyang than his liberal predecessors.
    (AP, 1/16/08)
2008        Jan 16, In southeastern Sri Lanka a bomb and shooting attack blamed on Tamil separatists ripped through a packed civilian bus, killing 27 people as the government officially withdrew from a cease-fire with the rebels. Commandoes advanced into rebel territory in Mannar and destroyed a bunker, killing 4 female rebels. 9 rebels were killed in a clash elsewhere in Mannar.
    (AP, 1/16/08)(AP, 1/17/08)
2008        Jan 16, Turkey's PM Erdogan challenged a ban on women wearing head scarves in universities and public offices, saying there is no need to wait for a constitutional change to remove the ban.
    (AP, 1/16/08)
2008        Jan 16, Uzbekistan's President Islam Karimov was sworn in for a third presidential term, despite a constitutional two-term limit. Freedom House, a US-based democracy watchdog, said in its annual report that Uzbekistan remains among the world's most repressive societies.
    (AP, 1/16/08)
2008        Jan 16, The UN Security Council imposed sanctions on three Kuwaitis who allegedly help finance al-Qaida operations and recruit fighters for the terrorist network. The three men, Hamid Al-Ali, Jaber Al-Jalamah and Mubarak Mushakhas Sanad Al-Bathali, will be added to a list of some 480 individuals and businesses with purported links to al-Qaida and the Taliban.
    (AP, 1/16/08)
2008        Jan 16, The Venezuelan Observatory of Prisons said more than an inmate a day died violently in Venezuela's crowded prisons last year. Some 498 prisoners were killed in riots and other violent acts in 2007, up from 412 in 2006.
    (AP, 1/17/08)

2008        Jan 17, The White House, members of Congress and Federal Reserve Chief Ben Bernanke agreed that strong action is needed to help avoid a US recession. The DJIA fell over 306 points to 12,159.
    (SFC, 1/18/08, p.A1)
2008        Jan 17, The US EPA said Massey Energy, the country’s 4th largest coal producer, had agreed to pay a $20 million fine as part of a settlement over allegations that it routinely polluted hundreds of streams and waterways in West Virginia and Kentucky.
    (SFC, 1/18/08, p.A7)
2008        Jan 17, A US federal judge struck down Texas laws barring out-of-state retailers from shipping wine to consumers.
    (WSJ, 1/18/08, p.A1)
2008        Jan 17, The NYSE agreed to buy the American Stock Exchange for $260 million in stock.
    (SFC, 1/18/08, p.C4)
2008        Jan 17, Merrill Lynch & Co Inc reported about $16 billion in mortgage-related write-downs and adjustments in the worst quarter of the company's history.
    (AP, 1/18/08)
2008        Jan 17, Investigators probing the source of a listeria outbreak said the strain that killed three people was found at a dairy processing plant in central Massachusetts.
    (AP, 1/17/08)
2008        Jan 17, Scientists at Stemagen, a California company, reported that they have created the first mature cloned human embryos from single skin cells taken from adults.
    (SFC, 1/18/08, p.A18)
2008        Jan 17, Australia said it would send a ship to pick up two anti-whaling activists who jumped on a Japanese harpoon vessel from a rubber boat in Antarctic waters, offering a solution to a tense, two-day standoff on the high seas.
    (AP, 1/17/08)
2008        Jan 17, Britain accused Russia of "conduct not worthy of a great country" after what it called a campaign of intimidation by security services forced its cultural centers in two Russian cities to halt operations.
    (AP, 1/17/08)
2008        Jan 17, A British Airways jet from Beijing carrying 152 people crash-landed, injuring 19 people and causing more than 200 flights to be canceled at Europe's busiest airport.
    (AP, 1/17/08)
2008        Jan 17, In Burkina Faso leaders of half a dozen African countries agreed on Ivory Coast's Philippe-Henri Tacoury-Tabley as the new head of the central bank of the eight-nation West African Economic and Monetary Union (UEMOA).
    (AFP, 1/17/08)
2008        Jan 17, In southwestern Colombia the Galeras volcano erupted violently, spewing ash miles into the sky and prompting the evacuation of several thousand people living nearby.
    (AP, 1/18/08)
2008        Jan 17, Members of the European Parliament adopted a resolution criticizing Egypt's human rights record, even after Cairo summoned EU ambassadors to complain about the text.
    (AFP, 1/17/08)
2008        Jan 17, In Germany officials said a troubled teen (16) is spending nine months in remote Siberia as part of efforts to turn him away from violence. "If he doesn't hack wood, his place is cold. If he doesn't get water, he can't wash."
    (AP, 1/17/08)
2008        Jan 17, Bobby Fischer (b.1943), the reclusive chess genius, died in Iceland. He became a Cold War hero by dethroning the Soviet world champion in 1972 and later renounced his American citizenship.
    (AP, 1/18/08)
2008        Jan 17, In Iraq a suicide bomber blew himself up inside a Shiite mosque on the outskirts of Baqouba, killing at least 11 and wounded 15.
    (AP, 1/18/08)
2008        Jan 17, An Israeli court sentenced a major in Israel's army reserves to five years in prison for offering secret information to Iran and the Islamic militant group Hamas. David Shamir (45), a psychiatrist, was convicted of contact with a foreign agent and possession of information with the intent of endangering state security. He never managed to deliver any secret information.
    (AP, 1/17/08)
2008        Jan 17, Rains battered portions of flood-ravaged southern Africa, killing at least three people in Malawi and forcing Zambia to declare a national disaster.
    (AP, 1/17/08)
2008        Jan 17, In Mexico officials found six bodies inside a Tijuana house where gunmen took refuge during a shootout with soldiers and police.
    (AP, 1/17/08)
2008        Jan 17, Militants in Hamas-ruled Gaza bombarded southern Israel with rockets and Israel pounded back with air and ground fire pushing peace efforts to the sidelines. Israeli rockets killed at least 5 Palestinians including 2 militants and 3 civilians.
    (AP, 1/17/08)(SFC, 1/18/08, p.A10)
2008        Jan 17, In New Zealand Karen Aim (26), a Scottish tourist from the Orkney Islands, was attacked on her way home after drinking with friends in the town of Taupo. Police responding to reports of vandalism at a Taupo high school found her lying in a pool of blood on a street corner. In March a 14-year-old boy was charged with her slaying.
    (AP, 3/18/08)
2008        Jan 17, In Pakistan a suspected Sunni extremist opened fire in a Shiite mosque, in the northwestern city of Peshawar, and then blew himself up, killing 9 people and wounding at least 20 on the eve of the Ashoura religious festival. Helicopter gunships opened fire on two suspect cars near a third fort in South Waziristan, killing eight militants. A teenager (15) who said he was part of a team of assassins sent to kill former PM Benazir Bhutto was arrested near the Afghan border. The teen was also involved in a plot to attack Shiites during an Ashoura festival.
    (AP, 1/17/08)(AFP, 1/18/08)(AP, 1/19/08)
2008        Jan 17, In Somalia Islamic militants fired mortar shells and guns in Mogadishu sparking crossfire with Ethiopian troops that left at least 20 people dead.
    (SFC, 1/18/08, p.A4)
2008        Jan 17, Sri Lanka's military said air force jets destroyed a hideout used by senior Tiger rebels. The pro-rebel TamilNet Web site said the jets had struck a civilian area and seven people had been wounded. Suspected Tamil Tiger rebels fatally shot 10 ethnic Sinhalese civilians in southern Thanamalwila village. A pro-rebel Web site said those killed were civilians carrying guns provided by the government after an attack on a farm in the same area that killed 32 people this week.
    (AP, 1/17/08)(AP, 1/18/08)

2008        Jan 18, Pres. Bush called for a $145 billion stimulus package centered on tax breaks to rejuvenate the US economy.
    (SFC, 1/19/08, p.C1)
2008        Jan 18, In eastern Afghanistan more than 20 Taliban rebels were killed and over a dozen wounded in a joint operation between Afghan and Western forces.
    (AFP, 1/19/08)
2008        Jan 18, Two activists who had jumped on board a Japanese whaling boat were returned to their ship by Australian officials.
    (AP, 1/18/08)
2008        Jan 18, British PM Gordon Brown brought a high-profile delegation of business leaders to China for a visit focused on expanding economic ties between the countries. Brown began a major effort to position Britain as China's premier international business partner, offering London as a base for distribution of the Asian nation's state fund for private investment.
    (AP, 1/18/08)
2008        Jan 18, Mohammed Mansour Jabarah (25), a Canadian citizen of Iraqi descent, who admitted plotting to bomb US embassies in Singapore and the Philippines in 2002 was sentenced to life in prison after telling the court he had been "brainwashed" by al Qaeda.
    (Reuters, 1/18/08)
2008        Jan 18, Central African Republic PM Elie Dote tendered his resignation and that of his government. His resignation came amid a social crisis gripping the country, marked by government disruptions and near-paralysis in public schools due to a civil servant strike over salaries launched earlier this month.
    (AFP, 1/18/08)
2008        Jan 18, Egypt angrily rejected a European parliament resolution criticizing its human rights record, with Foreign Minister Ahmed Abul Gheit saying it revealed both arrogance and ignorance.
    (AP, 1/18/08)
2008        Jan 18, In Iraq heavy security was set up in Karbala, where some 30,000 troops watched over hundreds of thousands of pilgrims performing the culmination of Ashoura rites. Militant Sunnis look upon Ashoura with contempt. They believe some of its rituals, like self flagellation and the use of images, amount to pagan worship and violate Islamic teachings. In Basra at least 44 people were killed, including seven officers, two civilians and 35 gunmen, after the fighting with members of the Soldiers of Heaven cult. Cult leader Ahmed Hassan Yamani was among the dead along with 4 police officers. About 60 gunmen were arrested. Aziz Khazim Alwan, the governor of Dhi Qar, of which Nasariyah is the capital, said at least 28 people were killed in that city, including 10 police.
    (AP, 1/18/08)(AP, 1/19/08)(SFC, 1/19/08, p.A7)
2008        Jan 18, Defense officials said Israel has closed all border crossings into Gaza, cutting off food and humanitarian supplies to the coastal strip in a bid to pressure its Hamas rulers to stop a barrage of rocket attacks on Israeli towns. Israeli air strikes in Gaza killed two civilians and one militant while Palestinians fired 16 rockets into southern Israel.
    (AP, 1/18/08)
2008        Jan 18, A court in Palermo convicted Sicily's Gov. Salvatore Cuffaro of helping a Mafia boss and sentenced him to five years in prison.
    (AP, 1/18/08)
2008        Jan 18, In Kenya a weakened opposition said it would turn to economic boycotts and strikes to keep up pressure over the East African nation's disputed election. 12 new deaths raised the toll to at least 22 people killed in three days of protests called by the opposition, all but five blamed on police.
    (AP, 1/18/08)(AP, 1/19/08)(SFC, 1/19/08, p.A3)
2008        Jan 18, Libya defended plans to carry out a massive expulsion of illegal immigrants, rejecting criticism from a human rights group that doing so would violate international law.
    (AP, 1/18/08)
2008        Jan 18, It was reported that the EU’s environment commissioner has threatened to take Malta to the European Court of Justice to force an end spring shooting of turtledoves and quail. Bird hunting and trapping is a traditional pastime in Malta where migrating stop twice every year. Numerous protected birds have been killed.
    (WSJ, 1/18/08, p.A1)
2008        Jan 18, Renault-Nissan signed an accord with the Moroccan government for what it says will be one of its largest automobile-making operations in the world, set to be constructed near Tangiers.
    (AFP, 1/18/08)
2008        Jan 18, Ian Paisley, head of Northern Ireland’s Democratic Unionist Party (DUP), stepped away from the helm of the Free Presbyterian Church, which he had founded in 1951.
    (Econ, 1/26/08, p.55)
2008        Jan 18, In South Waziristan, Pakistan, “security forces used artillery, mortars and small-arms fire to engage the miscreants. Reportedly, 50-60 miscreants were killed and (the) rest of them dispersed." Militants ambushed a convoy moving from the main town of Wana, in the Chaghmalai area of South Waziristan, prompting a fierce-one hour gunbattle. Between 20 and 30 rebels were killed. Security forces captured 40 militants in the Chaghmalai area. 2 Sunni extremists on death row for a 2004 attack on a procession that killed 42 Shiites escaped from their cell in southwest Baluchistan province.
    (AFP, 1/18/08)(AP, 1/18/08)(Reuters, 1/19/08)
2008        Jan 18, Russian President Vladimir Putin clinched a key pipeline deal with Bulgaria that strengthens Moscow's grip on European gas markets before issuing a stern warning about the future status of Kosovo.
    (AP, 1/18/08)
2008        Jan 18, In South Korea a fish merchant was critically ill after setting himself ablaze during a rally demanding greater compensation for South Korea's worst oil spill.
    (AP, 1/18/08)
2008        Jan 18, UN chief Ban Ki-moon picked Hollywood heart-throb George Clooney, a passionate advocate for an end to war and famine in Sudan's Darfur region, as the world body's latest Messenger of Peace.
    (AFP, 1/18/08)
2008        Jan 18, In Yemen gunmen believed to be al-Qaida militants opened fire on a tourist convoy near the ancestral home of Osama bin Laden, killing two Belgian women and their driver. In 2009 four Al-Qaida militants were convicted for the attack and sentenced to death.
    (AP, 1/18/08)(AP, 7/11/10)

2008        Jan 19, In Nevada Hillary Clinton defeated rival Barack Obama 51-45% in a tight Democratic contest. Her delegate count increased to 236 followed by Obama with 136 and 50 for Sen. John Edwards. Mitt Romney, former Massachusetts governor, cruised to victory in the little-contested GOP Nevada caucuses.
    (AP, 1/20/08)(SSFC, 1/20/08, p.A1)
2008        Jan 19, In South Carolina John McCain (33%) bested Mike Huckabee (30%), a former Arkansas governor, in a GOP fight that focused on the economy.
    (AP, 1/20/08)(SSFC, 1/20/08, p.A6)
2008        Jan 19, In southern California a Hummer, suspected of carrying drugs and heading to Mexico, cut through a campground and hit and killed Luis Aguilar (32), a US Border Patrol, as he threw a spike strip in front of the vehicle. On Jan 23 Jesus Navarro Montes (22) was arrested in the northern state of Sonora for hitting Aguilar. On April 12, 2011, Navarro was found guilty of drug charges and second degree murder for killing Aguilar. On July 1 Navarro was sentenced to life in prison and was given an additional 80 years in prison on drug charges.
    (SFC, 1/21/08, p.A3)(AP, 1/23/08)(Reuters, 4/13/11)(SFC, 7/2/11, p.A5)
2008        Jan 19, Suzanne Pleshette (b.1937), film and TV star, died in Los Angeles. The husky-voiced star was best known for her role as Bob Newhart's sardonic wife on television's long-running "The Bob Newhart Show." Her work included roles in such films as Hitchcock's "The Birds" and in Broadway plays including "The Miracle Worker."
    (AP, 1/20/08)
2008        Jan 19, James Levoy Sorenson (b.1921), medical device inventor and Utah real estate investor, died. He amassed over 40 medical patents and introduced the disposable paper surgical mask.
    (WSJ, 1/26/08, p.A8)
2008        Jan 19, John Stewart (68), singer and songwriter, died in San Diego. He wrote the Monkees' hit "Daydream Believer" and became a well-known figure in the 1960s folk music revival as a member of The Kingston Trio.
    (AP, 1/20/08)
2008        Jan 19, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb, probably intended for Afghan or NATO forces, killed five civilians in a taxi in the Panjwayi district of Kandahar province. Militants attacked a convoy of trucks carrying gravel to a NATO base in Helmand, killing four drivers and two security guards.
    (AP, 1/20/08)(AP, 1/21/08)
2008        Jan 19, In Algeria an armed Islamist was killed in a clash with anti-terrorist security forces at Tebessa, near the Tunisian border while a fourth man died at Jijel, also in the east. His weapon was seized.
    (AFP, 1/21/08)
2008        Jan 19, Andy Palacio (47), Belize musician, died in Belize City. His 2007 album “Watina" was acclaimed as one of the best world music releases of the year.
    (SFC, 1/22/08, p.B5)
2008        Jan 19, Activists said actress Mia Farrow has arrived in Cambodia and plans to defy a ban on holding a ceremony at a former Khmer Rouge prison, as part of her campaign on Darfur.
    (AFP, 1/19/08)
2008        Jan 19, Egyptian police shot dead a man from Ivory Coast and detained two other African migrants who were trying to cross illegally into Israel.
    (AP, 1/19/08)
2008        Jan 19, Ethiopia’s justice minister Dimegn Wube said half of Ethiopian women are victims of domestic violence.
    (AFP, 1/19/08)
2008        Jan 19, In India laboratory workers analyzed new samples from dead chickens amid fears that India's worst-ever bird flu outbreak may have spread in eastern India as locals resisted a massive cull.
    (AFP, 1/19/08)
2008        Jan 19, Hundreds of thousands of Shiites beat their heads and chests and whipped themselves with chains across much of Iraq to honor the martyrdom of one of their most revered saints. Two bombs hidden under trash struck an Ashoura procession in the city of Kirkuk, killing at least two. A rocket attack also struck a busy market in the northern city of Tal Afar, killing at least 7 people and wounding 17. Three suicide bombers targeted a police station in Ramadi, the capital of Anbar and a former Sunni insurgent stronghold. Guards killed one attacker, but two others detonated their explosives at the entrance, killing at least five officers. A US Marine was killed during fighting in Anbar. A roadside bomb killed another soldier in the rural al-Qaida in Iraq stronghold of Arab Jabour. The soldier who died was the gunner who sits atop the MRAP vehicle. The V-shaped hull of the huge Mine-Resistant, Ambush-Protected (MRAP) truck is designed to deflect blasts from roadside bombs. Three crew members tucked inside the cabin were wounded.
    (AP, 1/19/08)(AP, 1/20/08)(AP, 1/21/08)(AP, 1/22/08)
2008        Jan 19, Israeli air strikes killed two Hamas militants in Gaza, a day after Israel sealed the territory and bombed an empty Hamas government ministry in an intensifying campaign to halt rocket fire on Israeli border towns.
    (AP, 1/19/08)
2008        Jan 19, In Kenya 5 people died in ethnic clashes when three ethnic groups, Kalenjin, Kisii and Kikuyu, fought each other with bows and arrows and machetes in villages around the Catholic Kipkelion Monastery in the Rift Valley.
    (AP, 1/20/08)
2008        Jan 19, In Lebanon Sheik Hassan Nasrallah, Hezbollah's reclusive leader, claimed the militant group had the remains of Israeli soldiers killed in Lebanon during the 2006 war, saying the dead were left behind "in our villages and fields."
    (AP, 1/19/08)
2008        Jan 19, In Spain civil guard police found explosives and other equipment during raids on five addresses in Barcelona and arrested 12 Pakistanis and two Indians after receiving information from its own and other European intelligence agencies.
    (Reuters, 1/19/08)
2008        Jan 19, In northern Sri Lanka 23 rebels, 17 in one battle alone, and one soldier were killed in clashes. In northeastern Welioya village fighting killed six rebels and left a soldier missing.
    (AP, 1/20/08)
2008        Jan 19, Turkmenistan Pres. Gurbanguli Berdymukhamedov reversed his predecessor's 2001 ban on operas and circuses, saying that with increasing development in the Central Asian nation, it deserved to have such artistic performances.
    (AP, 1/20/08)
2008        Jan 19, The bodies of nearly 50 Africans trying to immigrate washed up on Yemen's shores after their boat capsized in the treacherous waters of the Gulf of Aden.
    (AP, 1/19/08)
2008        Jan 19, Nationwide power outages shut down basic services across Zambia and Zimbabwe as anger mounted in South Africa over power cuts that have wreaked havoc in the continent's economic hub.
    (AP, 1/20/08)

2008        Jan 20, The Nature Conservancy said the Hewlett and Packard families had donated the 28,359-acre San Felipe Ranch, southeast of San Jose, as a conservation easement to protect the property from development.
    (SFC, 1/21/08, p.A6)
2008        Jan 20, In southern California The two small Cessnas crashed near the small Corona Municipal Airport, killing five and raining debris and bodies down on car dealership parking lots.
    (AP, 1/21/08)
2008        Jan 20, Brianna Denison (19) last was seen at the edge of the University of Nevada, Reno. Her body was found Feb 15, 8 miles away near a business park and an autopsy confirmed that she died of strangulation. DNA evidence linked her kidnapping to two other attacks on women near the university late last year.
    (AP, 2/17/08)
2008        Jan 20, In southern Afghanistan an explosion struck a NATO patrol vehicle outside a former Taliban town, killing one British soldier and wounding five others.
    (AP, 1/21/08)
2008        Jan 20, In Algeria 2 armed suspects died in the Eddough mountains, near the eastern city of Annaba, after they failed to follow orders to surrender.
    (AFP, 1/21/08)
2008        Jan 20, Britain's PM Gordon Brown arrived in India hailing relations between the two countries as a "partnership of equals" as he looked to further boost links.
    (AP, 1/20/08)
2008        Jan 20, The final 210 members of the first battalion of Burundian soldiers to be deployed in Somalia as part of an African Union peace-keeping force left Bujumbura for Mogadishu. Burundi is expected to deploy a total of 1,700 soldiers in Somalia, alongside around 1,600 troops from Uganda who have been in the capital Mogadishu since March.
    (AFP, 1/20/08)
2008        Jan 20, In Cambodia American actress Mia Farrow was forced to cancel a ceremony in Phnom Penh highlighting human rights abuses in Sudan after authorities barred her access to the city's genocide museum.
    (AFP, 1/20/08)
2008        Jan 20, Some 8.4 million Cubans ratified a slate of parliamentary candidates that included the ailing Fidel Castro (81).
    (SFC, 1/21/08, p.A3)
2008        Jan 20, In western India a bus carrying Hindus on a religious pilgrimage skidded off a hill and plunged into a gorge, killing at least 38 people and injuring 40 others.
    (AP, 1/21/08)
2008        Jan 20, Iran’s official Islamic Republic News Agency reported that a fourth Russian shipment of nuclear fuel had arrived, destined for a power plant being constructed in the southern port of Bushehr.
    (AP, 1/20/08)
2008        Jan 20, In western Iraq a suicide bombing killed six people near Fallujah. The attacker (18) was a relative carrying a box of candy at a gathering of tribal members to celebrate the recent release of a relative, Hadi Hussein, who had been released after more than a week in US custody. Hussein and five other people were killed in the blast.
    (AP, 1/20/08)(AP, 1/21/08)
2008        Jan 20, In Kenya renewed ethnic fighting broke out in a Nairobi slum following the deaths of more than 20 people in demonstrations against the disputed re-election of President Mwai Kibaki. Several people were beaten and hacked to death with machetes.
    (AP, 1/20/08)(AP, 1/21/08)
2008        Jan 20, Joshua Milton Blahyi (37), one of Liberia's most notorious rebel commanders, known as Gen. Butt Naked for charging into battle wearing only boots, spoke of his role under Charles Taylor in the civil war. He returned last week to confess his role in terrorizing the nation, saying he is responsible for 20,000 deaths.
    (AP, 1/21/08)
2008        Jan 20, In Myanmar a bus plunged over the side of a road and flipped over, killing 27 passengers and injuring 10 others.
    (AP, 1/21/08)
2008        Jan 20, Pakistan villagers said army helicopter gunships launched strikes in an area regarded as a stronghold of a Taliban commander linked with the assassination of opposition leader Benazir Bhutto.
    (AP, 1/20/08)
2008        Jan 20, Gaza's power plant shut down late in the day after an Israeli border closure blocked the entry of fuel that powers it. This plunged Gaza City into darkness, and gas stations and many bakeries stopped operating. Health officials warned that hospital generators were running out of fuel. 5 rockets were fired into Israel, down from 53 in the two previous days.
    (AP, 1/20/08)(AP, 1/21/08)
2008        Jan 20, Serbia held presidential elections. A pro-Western and a nationalist candidate faced off in a closely contested race. The electoral commission, giving preliminary results after counting 30% of ballots, said that so far Radical Party leader Tomislav Nikolic had 38% support, while incumbent Boris Tadic% had 35 percent. Both Tadic and Nikolic reject independence for Kosovo, but Nikolic, unlike the current president, has promised tough measures against countries that recognize Kosovo's statehood.
    (AP, 1/20/08)
2008        Jan 20, In Sri Lanka troops overran at least six rebel bunkers in Adampan village, killing two female fighters. Simultaneous clashes took place in the villages of Periyathampanai and Madu and, killing a total of 4 rebels. Soldiers killed an area rebel leader on the Jaffna peninsula. Soldiers on the northern Jaffna peninsula fired on the Tiger boats as they sailed near the shore.
    (AP, 1/20/08)

2008        Jan 21, Stocks fell sharply worldwide following declines on Wall Street last week amid investor pessimism over the US government's stimulus plan to prevent a recession.
    (AP, 1/21/08)
2008        Jan 21, Marie Smith (89), a resident of southeastern Alaska, died. She was the last speaker of her native Eyak language.
    (Econ, 2/9/08, p.92)
2008        Jan 21, Afghan President Hamid Karzai told the parliament on its opening day that around 300,000 children cannot attend school because of violence in the southern provinces.
    (AP, 1/21/08)
2008        Jan 21, In northeastern Australia surging floodwaters forced scores of people to evacuate their homes. Farmers described the heavy rains as a mixed blessing after years of drought.
    (AP, 1/21/08)
2008        Jan 21, Police in ex-Soviet Belarus dispersed a protest by about 2,000 entrepreneurs denouncing President Alexander Lukashenko's decree that places restrictions on hiring staff. Businessmen said the new regulations deny them the right to hire workers outside their immediate families or obliges them to re-register and be subject to higher taxes.
    (AP, 1/21/08)
2008        Jan 21, Brazil’s Petrobras announced the discovery of a huge natural gas reserve off the coast of Rio de Janeiro.
    (WSJ, 1/23/08, p.A10)
2008        Jan 21, Shares in China's banks fell sharply after news reports said its No. 2 lender, Bank of China, might write down holdings of US mortgage securities and two others increased reserves for possible losses. State media said a gas explosion in an illegal mine in northern China has killed at least 20 people.
    (AP, 1/21/08)
2008        Jan 21, Officials said Congo government negotiators and rebel groups reached a deal to end fighting in the vast country's restive east, where some 800,000 people had to flee their homes over the last year.
    (AP, 1/21/08)
2008        Jan 21, Iran's supreme leader reversed a decision by President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad and ordered him to implement a law supplying natural gas to remote villages amid rising dissatisfaction with the president's performance. Local media have reported 64 cold-related deaths this winter and say gas cuts are to blame.
    (AP, 1/21/08)
2008        Jan 21, In Iraq a suicide bomber apparently targeting a senior security official blew himself up inside a funeral tent, killing 18 people in Hajaj. US troops killed two al-Qaida-linked militants and detained 18 during raids in central and northern Iraq. A parked car bomb exploded as an Iraqi army patrol passed by south of Mosul, killing two civilians.
    (AP, 1/21/08)(AP, 1/22/08)
2008        Jan 21, Israel launched an advanced spy satellite that will be able to track events in Iran, the country it considers its top foe, even at night and in cloudy weather. India successfully launched the Israeli spy satellite into orbit.
    (AP, 1/21/08)(AFP, 1/21/08)
2008        Jan 21, In Italy a key ally of Premier Romano Prodi pulled his party from the Cabinet amid a corruption scandal, sending the center-left governing coalition scrambling to keep the administration from falling.
    (AP, 1/21/08)
2008        Jan 21, Latvia's Foreign Ministry declared a Russian diplomat persona non grata, citing a report that he was a threat to national security. On Jan 25 Russia said it will expel a Latvian diplomat in apparent retaliation. Some 400,000 non-citizens lived in Latvia. Ethnic Russians accounted for a third of the country's population of 2.3 million.
    (AP, 1/25/08)
2008        Jan 21, Mexico's army captured Alfredo Beltran Leyva, a top lieutenant of the Sinaloa cartel. He allegedly commanded squads of hit men and organized drug shipments north.
    (AP, 1/21/08)
2008        Jan 21, In southern Nigeria a major oil pipeline belonging to Italian oil company Agip caught fire and a tanker truck exploded in separate incidents.
    (AFP, 1/21/08)
2008        Jan 21, President Pervez Musharraf in Brussels pledged to hold free elections as he began a European trip aimed at bolstering outside support, but urged the West not to hold Pakistan to unrealistic rights standards.
    (Reuters, 1/21/08)
2008        Jan 21, Paraguay's ruling party nominated Education Minister Blanca Ovelar as its presidential candidate, a first for the South American nation, but her candidacy of still faces a court challenge.
    (AP, 1/21/08)
2008        Jan 21, In Saudi Arabia the daily Al-Watan, which is deemed close to the Saudi government, reported that the Interior Ministry issued a circular to hotels asking them to accept lone women, as long as their information is sent to a local police station.
    (AP, 1/21/08)
2008        Jan 21, In Sri Lanka government soldiers attacked Tamil Tiger rebel bunkers across the front lines in the embattled north, triggering a battle that killed 15 guerrillas and two soldiers.
    (AP, 1/21/08)
2008        Jan 21, Sudan confirmed that it has appointed Musa Hilal, the suspected head of a Sudanese militia accused of murder, rape and other atrocities in Darfur, to a senior government post. President Omar al-Bashir dismissed allegations against the man as untrue.
    (AP, 1/21/08)

2008        Jan 22, In a surprise move the US Fed move cutting its key lending rate a steep three-quarters of a percentage point reducing the federal funds rate to 3.5%, a week before its regularly scheduled meeting. It was aimed at fears troubling the financial markets from the US subprime crisis was spreading to the broader economy.
    (AP, 1/22/08)(SFC, 1/23/08, p.C1)
2008        Jan 22, A US official said thousands of Vietnamese living illegally in the US now face deportation after the two countries completed an agreement following a decade of work on the pact.
    (AP, 1/22/08)
2008        Jan 22, The NYC Board of health voted to require restaurant chains to state the number of calories in everything on their menus. Full enforcement began in July.
    (www.nyc.gov/html/doh/html/pr2008/pr008-08.shtml)(Econ, 8/30/08, p.64)
2008        Jan 22, Heath Ledger (28), an Australian-born actor, was found dead at a Manhattan apartment. He received an Oscar nomination for his role as a troubled gay cowboy in the 2006 film, "Brokeback Mountain." The NYC medical examiner later said Ledger died of an accidental overdose of painkillers, sleeping pills, anti-anxiety medication and other prescription drugs.
    (AP, 1/22/08)(AP, 2/6/08)
2008        Jan 22, In Afghanistan Sayed Parwez Kaambakhsh (23) was sentenced to death by a three-judge panel in the northern city of Mazar-i-Sharif for distributing a report he printed off the Internet to fellow journalism students at Balkh University. The judges said the article humiliated Islam, and members of a clerics council had pushed for Kaambakhsh to be punished. A media group said he is actually being punished for reporting by his brother about abuses by northern warlords. On appeal the death sentence was reduced to 20 years. In 2009 Kaambakhsh was freed and left the country following a pardon signed by President Hamid Karzai.
    (AP, 1/23/08)(Reuters, 9/7/09)
2008        Jan 22, The Bank of Canada held back in the face of an aggressive interest rate cut by the US Federal Reserve, shaving just a quarter-point off its own key rate, but it signaled more cuts to come as US recession worries spiral.
    (AP, 1/22/08)
2008        Jan 22, The foreign ministers of China and Germany said that ties between their countries had normalized after months of stony silence over Berlin receiving the Dalai Lama.
    (AP, 1/22/08)
2008        Jan 22, A new survey said war, disease and malnutrition are killing 45,000 Congolese every month in a conflict-driven humanitarian crisis that has claimed 5.4 million victims in nearly a decade.
    (AP, 1/22/08)
2008        Jan 22, The French government unveiled proposals to slash youth unemployment in the high-immigrant suburbs that exploded into rioting in 2005, pledging to create tens of thousands of new jobs.
    (AP, 1/22/08)
2008        Jan 22, In India officials said an outbreak of bird flu in India's most densely populated state could spiral out of control, as the disease spread to a seventh district in West Bengal.
    (Reuters, 1/22/08)
2008        Jan 22, Iraq's parliament passed a law to change the Saddam Hussein-era flag, meeting the demands of Iraq's Kurdish minority who threatened not to fly the banner during a pan-Arab meeting in the Kurdish-run north next month. A suicide bomber detonated his explosives in front of a high school in Baqouba. One 25-year-old male bystander was killed and 21 people were wounded, including 12 students and eight teachers. Gunmen broke into a house and killed six men in a family for cooperating with the Iraqi army. The men had given information on al-Qaida movements to local Awakening Council members. A US soldier was killed and another was injured when their vehicle rolled over in the northern city of Kirkuk.
    (AP, 1/22/08)(AP, 1/23/08)
2008        Jan 22, Israel eased a 5-day blockade of Gaza for a day, allowing in shipments of fuel and medicine. But tensions erupted over Egypt's closure of its Gaza border, with Palestinian protesters breaking through the crossing and clashing with Egyptian guards.
    (AP, 1/22/08)(WSJ, 1/23/08, p.A1)
2008        Jan 22, In Lithuania Michael Campbell (35), a prominent IRA dissident, was arrested along with a female companion in a sting operation while allegedly trying to purchase weapons and explosives.
    (www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2008/jan/24/northernireland.uknews4)
2008        Jan 22, In Mexico 11 alleged hit men for a powerful drug cartel were captured at two Mexico City mansions stocked with grenades and automatic weapons, a day after Mexican authorities reported nabbing one of the cartel's reputed leaders.
    (AP, 1/22/08)
2008        Jan 22, North Korea accused the US of failing to meet its commitments toward the communist nation, blaming Washington for the slow progress in a nuclear disarmament deal.
    (AP, 1/22/08)
2008        Jan 22, North Korea said it will close its embassy in Australia because it can no longer afford it.
    (AP, 1/22/08)
2008        Jan 22, An influential group of retired officers from Pakistan's powerful military urged President Pervez Musharraf to immediately step down, saying his resignation would promote democracy and help combat religious militancy. Islamic militants in Pakistan attacked a fort near the Afghan border, one of two clashes with government forces that left seven troops and 37 fighters dead. In Europe, President Pervez Musharraf said border attacks were "pinpricks" that his government must manage.
    (AP, 1/22/08)(AP, 1/23/08)
2008        Jan 22, Serbia agreed to a multi-billion-dollar gas pipeline project as part of an energy deal with Russia. This would boost Moscow’s control over gas supplies to Europe.
    (WSJ, 1/23/08, p.A4)
2008        Jan 22, According to anti-Khartoum Sudanese rebels armed militias backed by Sudan's government killed 21 people in an attack on Sureif Judad, a village in West Darfur.
    (Reuters, 1/27/08)
2008        Jan 22, The UN Security Council's permanent members and Germany agreed on a new draft resolution on sanctions against Iran, strengthening existing measures over the country's refusal to suspend its nuclear program.
    (AP, 1/22/08)
2008        Jan 22, A UN report said a newborn in Sierra Leone has the lowest chance in the world of surviving until age 5, and the prospects are almost as bad for children in Angola and Afghanistan.
    (AP, 1/22/08)

2008        Jan 23, The US Congressional Budget Office estimated that the deficit for the current budget year will jump to about $250 billion, citing the weakening economy. This figure does not reflect at least $100 billion in red ink from an economic stimulus measure in the works.
    (AP, 1/23/08)
2008        Jan 23, Bechtel Corp. and its partner Parsons Brinckerhoff in Boston’s Big Dig announced an agreement to pay $407 million to settle a government lawsuit and avoid criminal charges over the 2006 collapse that left one woman dead.
    (SFC, 1/24/08, p.C1)
2008        Jan 23, Police in San Jose and Santa Clara, Ca., picked up over 70 people, part of more than 140 sought in the culmination of Operation Meltdown, a year-long undercover investigation into copper theft.
    (SFC, 1/24/08, p.B2)
2008        Jan 23, In Detroit Mayor Kilpatrick responded to revelations by the Detroit Free Press regarding an affair with a top aide in 2002-2003. He said that period represented a difficult time in his life. Some 14,000 text messages revealed that he had lied under oath during testimony in 2007 over the use of his security unit to cover up his extramarital affair with Christine Beatty, his Chief of Staff.
    (SFC, 1/24/08, p.A9)
2008        Jan 23, In Afghanistan a Canadian soldier was killed and two others were injured when a military convoy struck an improvised mine near the southern city of Kandahar.
    (Reuters, 1/24/08)
2008        Jan 23, In Australia the final issue of The Bulletin magazine was published. It was launched in 1880 and became an institution in Australian publishing.
    (AP, 1/24/08)
2008        Jan 23, Canada bowed out of the 2009 UN conference on racism in Durban, South Africa, saying it would likely "degenerate into ... expressions of intolerance and anti-Semitism."
    (AFP, 1/24/08)
2008        Jan 23, In Chile retired Col. Ivan Quiroz was arrested in the southern city of Concepcion after remaining at large for four months. He went into hiding to avoid a 10-year prison sentence in a human rights case dating from the dictatorship of Gen. Augusto Pinochet He had been convicted as member of a secret police unit that killed 12 members of a pro-communist urban guerrilla gang in 1987.
    (AP, 1/24/08)
2008        Jan 23, In China a train ran into group of railway workers in eastern Shandong province, killing 18 and injuring nine others.
    (AP, 1/25/08)
2008        Jan 23, The EU unveiled its comprehensive climate and energy proposals.
    (www.inforse.dk/europe/pdfs/INFORSE-on-EU-energy-package.pdf)
2008        Jan 23, Militia leaders signed a peace accord with Congo's government aimed at ending years of fighting in the country's restive east.
    (AP, 1/23/08)
2008        Jan 23, In France an economic commission headed by Jacques Attali issued a report: 300 Decisions for Changing France," which had been requested by Pres. Sarkozy.
    (Econ, 1/26/08, p.51)
2008        Jan 23, PM Costas Karamanlis became the first Greek premier to pay an official visit to Turkey in nearly 50 years, reflecting warmer ties between two countries that have come close to war several times.
    (AP, 1/23/08)
2008        Jan 23, In Iran a top interior ministry official said more than 2,000 reformers seeking democratic changes within Iran's hard-line ruling establishment have been disqualified from running in the upcoming parliamentary elections.
    (AP, 1/23/08)
2008        Jan 23, In Iraq an explosion struck an apartment building in Mosul shortly after police arrived to investigate a tip about a weapons cache inside, killing at least 38 people and injuring 225. The huge blast destroyed about 50 buildings in the Mosul slum. It was later blamed on the Seifaddin Regiment, some 150 foreign and Iraqi fighters who entered Iraq from Syria a few months earlier. A relief organization later said more than 60 people were killed and 280 wounded based on estimates from relatives who buried victims without officially registering them. Gunmen opened fire on an Iraqi army checkpoint in central Baghdad, killing 8 soldiers and wounding two.
    (AP, 1/23/08)(AP, 1/24/08)(SSFC, 1/27/08, p.A7)(AP, 1/28/08)
2008        Jan 23, Italy’s Premier Romano Prodi won a confidence vote in parliament's lower house, but his chances for success in the upper house appeared to worsen as more allies defected amid growing pressure on the center-left leader to resign.
    (AP, 1/23/08)
2008        Jan 23, In Malaysia tens of thousands of ethnic Indian Malaysians gathered at the Batu Caves temple outside Kuala Lumpur to celebrate Thaipusam, one of Hinduism’s biggest festivals. In past years over a million have turned out. The reduced turnout was due to a boycott called by the Hindu rights Action Force (Hindraf), despite PM Badawi’s promise to make Thaipusam a public holiday in the capital.
    (Econ, 1/26/08, p.42)
2008        Jan 23, Nepal's government reversed a fuel price hike after two days of nationwide protests and clashes in the capital.
    (AP, 1/23/08)
2008        Jan 23, Fifteen pilot whales died in beach strandings in southern New Zealand while rescuers monitored progress of 15 others toward safer waters.
    (AP, 1/23/08)
2008        Jan 23, Tens of thousands of Palestinians on foot and on donkey carts poured into Egypt from Gaza after masked gunmen used land mines to blast down a seven-mile barrier dividing the border town of Rafah.
    (AP, 1/23/08)
2008        Jan 23, A Polish military plane carrying 20 passengers and crew crashed in flames in northwestern Poland, killing all aboard including an air force general.
    (AP, 1/23/08)
2008        Jan 23, Russia said a new draft UN resolution on Iran's disputed nuclear program does not call for any harsh sanctions, and the Iranian president said new measures would not deter the country in its pursuit of nuclear technology.
    (AP, 1/23/08)
2008        Jan 23, Police in Moscow arrested Semyon Mogilevich, a suspected crime boss with alleged links to Russia's multibillion dollar gas business. Mogilevich, a Ukrainian-born Russian citizen, has long been sought by the FBI and Interpol.
    (AP, 1/25/08)
2008        Jan 23, In Venezuela a dozen opposition parties formally launched the Coalition for Democratic Unity (MUD).
    (Econ, 2/11/12, p.39)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coalition_for_Democratic_Unity)

2008        Jan 24, US Democratic and Republican congressional leaders reached a tentative deal on tax rebates of $300 to $1,200 per household and business tax cuts to jolt the slumping economy.
    (AP, 1/24/08)
2008        Jan 24, Colorado’s House of Representatives voted 62-1 to censure Rep. Douglas Bruce, who kicked a newspaper reported taking his picture and refused to apologize.
    (SFC, 1/25/08, p.A4)
2008        Jan 24, Dennis Kucinich (b.1946), US Congressmen for Ohio, announced that he is dropping his long-shot bid for president.
    (WSJ, 1/25/08, p.A1)
2008        Jan 24, Sergei Tretyakov (51), a former Russian spy who had never spoken out about his spying before this week, granted his first news media interviews to publicize the book: "Comrade J.: The Untold Secrets of Russia's Master Spy in America after the End of the Cold War," by former Washington Post journalist Pete Earley, which was published on this day. Tretyakov said his agents helped the Russian government steal nearly $500 million from the UN's oil-for-food program in Iraq before the fall of Saddam Hussein in 2003.
    (AP, 1/26/08)
2008        Jan 24, Doctors said they have developed a technique that could free many patients from having to take anti-rejection drugs for the rest of their lives. The treatment involved weakening the patient's immune system, then giving the recipient bone marrow from the person who donated the organ.
    (AP, 1/24/08)
2008        Jan 24, Researchers at the J. Craig Venter Institute of Rockville, Md., reported that they have built from scratch a synthetic chromosome containing all the genetic material needed to produce the bacterium Mycoplasma genitalium, the tiniest bacteria ever found.
    (SFC, 1/25/08, p.A1)(Econ, 1/26/08, p.76)
2008        Jan 24, In central Afghanistan 9 Afghan policemen were killed during an anti-Taliban operation by US-led coalition troops in Ghazni. Afghan police said the police appeared to have been killed by the US airstrikes, which also destroyed several houses.
    (AP, 1/24/08)
2008        Jan 24, Doctors said an Australian girl spontaneously switched blood groups and adopted her donor's immune system following a liver transplant in the first known case of its type. Demi-Lee Brennan was aged nine and seriously ill with liver failure when she received the transplant. Nine months later it was discovered that she had changed blood types and her immune system had switched over to that of the donor after stem cells from the new liver migrated to her bone marrow. She was now a healthy 15-year-old.
    (AFP, 1/24/08)
2008        Jan 24, In Brazil government officials held a top-level emergency meeting to deal with the problem of Amazon deforestation. Satellite images showed that as much as 2,700 square miles of land was cleared during the last five months of 2007. All logging was banned in 36 municipalities and fines stiffened for illegal cutting.
    (AP, 1/24/08)(SFC, 3/22/08, p.A3)
2008        Jan 24, In Britain almost two dozen Romanians were arrested after police swooped on a child slave gang.
    (Reuters, 1/24/08)
2008        Jan 24, In China protesters staged a rare public demonstration in Beijing over what they said were illegal property seizures and compensation packages that fell far short of that needed to buy new homes. Authorities said sulfuric acid had leaked into the water supply from a chemical factory in central China, poisoning at least 26 villagers.
    (AP, 1/24/08)
2008        Jan 24, French bank Societe Generale (SocGen) announced a $3 billion write-down on its exposure to mortgage related investments. Societe Generale also said it has uncovered a $7.14 billion fraud, one of history's biggest, by futures trader Jerome Kerviel (31). His scheme of fictitious transactions was discovered as stock markets began to stumble in recent days. In 2010 he authored “The Spiral: Memoirs of a Trader," in which he presented himself as the victim of an immoral financial system.
    (Econ, 1/26/08, p.73)(AP, 1/24/08)(Econ, 5/8/10, p.77)
2008        Jan 24, A German court convicted Redouane El Habhab (38), a German of Moroccan heritage, of helping al-Qaida in Iraq and sentenced him to nearly six years in prison.
    (AP, 1/25/08)
2008        Jan 24, Iran received a sixth shipment of nuclear fuel from Russia, destined for a power plant being constructed in the southern port of Bushehr.
    (AP, 1/24/08)
2008        Jan 24, A suicide bomber killed Brig. Gen. Salah Mohammed al-Jubouri, the director of police for Ninevah province, and two other officers after they toured the site of the wreckage of a blast a day earlier that devastated a predominantly Sunni neighborhood in the northern city of Mosul. A roadside bomb also struck a police patrol in central Baghdad, killing two officers and injuring two, along with 3 civilians. In Karbala a roadside bomb targeted a senior aide of Iraq's Shiite spiritual leader Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani. The aide, Abdul-Mahdi al-Karbalai, escaped with a wound to the arm, but two of his bodyguards were killed and two were wounded.
    (AP, 1/24/08)(AP, 1/25/08)
2008        Jan 24, A top Israeli defense official said that Israel wants to relinquish all responsibility for the Gaza Strip, including the supply of electricity and water, now that the territory's southern border with Egypt has been opened.
    (AP, 1/24/08)
2008        Jan 24, In Italy Premier Romano Prodi resigned after the Senate voted 161-156 to sink his 20-month-old center-left coalition in a fiery session in which one senator was spat on, fainted and was carried out on a stretcher.
    (AP, 1/25/08)
2008        Jan 24, Japan's national police, facing allegations that officers regularly squeeze confessions from suspects with abuse, issued guidelines for the first time setting limits on how far they can go in questioning sessions.
    (AP, 1/24/08)
2008        Jan 24, In Kenya Pres. Kibaki and Opposition leader Odinga talked for the first time since the election, but the president angered the opposition by insisting after the hour-long meeting, mediated by former UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan, that his position as head of state was not negotiable.
    (AP, 1/25/08)
2008        Jan 24, Pakistani troops backed by tanks and gunships cleared militant hideouts near the Afghan border in a major offensive that left ten soldiers and 40 rebels dead.
    (AP, 1/24/08)
2008        Jan 24, Two Palestinians infiltrated a religious seminary and attacked students in a West Bank settlement before being shot dead. Palestinian gunmen killed an Israeli police officer near Jerusalem.
    (AP, 1/24/08)
2008        Jan 24, Russian election officials said Mikhail Kasyanov, the only liberal Kremlin critic in the presidential race, stands to be kept off the ballot because tens of thousands of signatures on his nominating petitions were forgeries. In Moscow Semyon Mogilevich, a businessman wanted by Interpol, was arrested on tax evasion charges.
    (AP, 1/24/08)(Econ, 3/15/08, p.73)
2008        Jan 24, In Sri Lanka 16 victims of what appeared to have been execution-style killings were found by villagers in a district 206 km (130 miles) north of the capital Colombo.
    (AFP, 1/25/08)
2008        Jan 24, In Davos, Switzerland, fears of world recession briefly took a back seat at the World Economic Forum, where leaders from Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iraq focused on how to establish security in their volatile regions. Afghan Pres. Karzai stressed how extremists used economic exploitation to recruit bombers.
    (AP, 1/24/08)(AFP, 1/24/08)
2008        Jan 24, In Switzerland the country's supreme court said prosecutors acted within the law when they froze funds belonging to the Russian central bank at the behest of a Swiss firm. The funds were frozen over a legal dispute with Geneva-based trading firm Noga dating back to the end of the Soviet era.
    (AP, 1/24/08)
2008        Jan 24, Taiwan's Premier Chang Chun-hsiung and his cabinet resigned en masse, less than two weeks after the governing Democratic Progressive Party's crushing defeat in parliamentary elections.
    (AP, 1/24/08)
2008        Jan 24, In southern Thailand Muslim militants fatally shot a Buddhist teacher as he pulled out of his driveway to head to work.
    (AP, 1/24/08)
2008        Jan 24, Turkey's Islamist-rooted ruling AK Party and a key opposition party agreed to cooperate to lift a ban on the wearing of the Islamic headscarf in universities, a move sure to anger the secular elite.
    (AP, 1/24/08)
2008        Jan 24, Zimbabwean police arrested Nicholas van Hoogstraten (63), a British businessman, after finding a large quantity of foreign currency and alleged pornographic material in his possession. In 2002 the multi-millionaire was convicted of the manslaughter of an associate and was sentenced to ten years imprisonment but the conviction was quashed the following year and he was freed. On Jan 29 a Zimbabwe court ordered his release.
    (AFP, 1/26/08)(AFP, 1/29/08)

2008        Jan 25, In Miami Moises Maionica (36) of Venezuelan pleaded guilty in a scheme to cover up the source of $800,000 seized in a suitcase in Argentina that was allegedly sent by Venezuelans as a donation to Cristina Fernandez's presidential campaign.
    (AP, 1/25/08)
2008        Jan 25, Goldman Sachs Group and Credit Suisse Group said they will cut about 2,000 job worldwide as a credit crisis puts a damper on fixed-income trading and corporate deal making.
    (Reuters, 1/25/08)
2008        Jan 25, Gold and platinum prices reached new highs after mine stoppages in South Africa, a leading producer of the precious metals, led to buying on supply concerns. An ounce of gold for February delivery spiked to $924.30, a fresh record, on the New York Mercantile Exchange before easing back to settle at $910.70, up $4.90. April platinum peaked at a new high of $1,694.90 an ounce. Prices later settled at $1,670, up $57.
    (AP, 1/26/08)
2008        Jan 25, Richard Darman (b.1943), former budget director (1989-1992) under Pres. George H.W. Bush, died. He was the chief architect of the landmark 1990 deficit reduction plan.
    (WSJ, 1/26/08, p.A8)
2008        Jan 25, In Afghanistan US-led coalition and Afghan troops clashed with insurgents while searching a compound near the Pakistani frontier, leaving one coalition soldier dead.
    (AP, 1/25/08)
2008        Jan 25, Scottish & Newcastle, the UK's largest brewer, announced it has agreed to be bought by Carlsberg and Heineken, for around 7.6 billion pounds.
    (AFP, 1/25/08)
2008        Jan 25, Egyptian guards with riot shields formed human chains along the Egypt-Gaza border, but were unable to stop hundreds of Palestinians from rushing into Egypt after a bulldozer wrecked another section of fence along the frontier.
    (AP, 1/25/08)
2008        Jan 25, Ethiopia's administration for refugee and returnee affairs said  that more than 450 Eritreans, including 234 soldiers, fled their country into Ethiopia in January alone.
    (AP, 1/25/08)
2008        Jan 25, In France tens of thousands of civil servants demonstrated to protest job cuts and press for higher salaries in what the government dismissed as a "labor union ritual."
    (AP, 1/25/08)
2008        Jan 25, India and France said they would push their military ties beyond weapons sales and open up nuclear power cooperation as soon as New Delhi is able to enter the global atomic energy market.
    (AP, 1/25/08)
2008        Jan 25, Iraq’s PM al-Maliki announced that the government was preparing to strike back against al-Qaida in the northern city of Mosul after two days of deadly bombings killed nearly 40 people. He promised the fight "will be decisive." The US military said that American and Iraqi killed an estimated 41 suspected al-Qaida in Iraq militants.
    (AP, 1/25/08)
2008        Jan 25, In Kenya street battles engulfed the western city of Nakuru, tense with ethnic rivalries, leaving bodies in the roadways with gashes in their heads and arrows lodged in their torsos in the latest fighting set off by the disputed presidential election. Overnight, half the town of Total Station was burned down and at least two people were killed.
    (AP, 1/25/08)
2008        Jan 25, A car bomb ripped through eastern Beirut, killing Capt. Wissam Eid, Lebanon's top anti-terrorism investigator, as he returned from a meeting on the probe into the 2005 assassination of a former prime minister. Three others died in the blast.
    (AP, 1/25/08)
2008        Jan 25, In Lithuania a specially established commission on image creation, chaired by PM Gediminas Kirkilas, approved a strategic marketing concept for the presentation of Lithuania around the world.
    (www.baltictimes.com/news/articles/19740/)
2008        Jan 25, North and South Korea held working-level military talks, the first dialogue between the two countries this year, as Seoul's conservative president-elect prepared to take office with calls for a tougher stance toward Pyongyang.
    (AP, 1/25/08)
2008        Jan 25, Pakistani troops battled Islamic militants during a search for several hijacked trucks full of ammunition, with up to 30 rebels and two soldiers killed. Militants said only a few fighters were killed along with 6 Pakistani soldiers.
    (AFP, 1/25/08)(SFC, 1/26/08, p.A6)
2008        Jan 25, Russia's lower house of parliament annulled an agreement with Ukraine on using Soviet-built military radars, citing Kiev's bid to join NATO.
    (AP, 1/25/08)
2008        Jan 25, In South Africa gold production ground to a halt as the industry became the latest victim of a spiraling electricity crisis which the government labeled a national emergency.
    (AP, 1/25/08)
2008        Jan 25, At Davos, Switzerland, Microsoft chairman Bill Gates announced at the World Economic Forum that his foundation would give $306 million to use green technology and farming techniques to boost millions out of hunger and poverty.
    (AP, 1/25/08)
2008        Jan 25, A World Trade Organization (WTO) accession committee approved Ukraine's membership bid, clearing the way for the former Soviet republic to join the body.
    (AP, 1/25/08)
2008        Jan 25, The commander of US forces in Central Asia met with Uzbek President Islam Karimov, the first visit by a high-level US military officer since the authoritarian leader evicted American troops amid Western criticism of a bloody government crackdown.
    (AP, 1/25/08)

2008        Jan 26, Barack Obama routed Hillary Rodham Clinton in the racially charged South Carolina primary, regaining campaign momentum in the prelude to a Feb. 5 coast-to-coast competition for more than 1,600 Democratic National Convention delegates. Nearly complete returns showed Obama winning 55% of the vote, Clinton gaining 27%. Edwards had 18% and won only his home county of Oconee. The South Carolina Democratic Party broke its own turnout record in the presidential primary.
    (AP, 1/27/08)
2008        Jan 26, The film “Frozen River," directed by Courtney Hunt, won first prize at the Sundance Film Festival in Park City, Utah. “Trouble the Water" won as best US documentary film. “The Wackness" won the audience award.
    (SSFC, 1/27/08, p.A2)
2008        Jan 26, Miss Michigan Kirsten Haglund, a 19-year-old aspiring Broadway star, was crowned Miss America 2008 in a live show billed as the unveiling of the 87-year-old pageant's new, hipper look.
    (AP, 1/27/08)
2008        Jan 26, It was reported that some 15,000 birds had died over the last month around Utah’s Great Salt Lake due to avian cholera, caused by the bacterium Pasteurella multocida. The disease was introduced into the wild during the 1940s from US domestic poultry.
    (SFC, 1/26/08, p.B6)
2008        Jan 26, Viktor Schreckengost (b.1906), designer of numerous household products, died. He melded Bauhaus functionalism and American sensibility.
    (WSJ, 2/2/08, p.A12)
2008        Jan 26, In Afghanistan gunmen kidnapped Cyd Mizell (49), a burqa-clad American aid worker, and her driver, Abdul Hadi, while they were driving through a residential section of Kandahar. She worked for the aid agency Asian Rural Life Development Foundation.
    (AP, 1/26/08)(AP, 1/27/08)
2008        Jan 26, According to the Int’l. Crisis Group, a Brussels-based lobby, the CAR has dropped below the level even of a failed state.
    (Econ, 1/26/08, p.46)
2008        Jan 26, Egyptian riot police and armored vehicles restricted Gaza motorists to a small border area of Egypt, in the second attempt in two days to restore control over the chaotic frontier breached by Hamas militants. At least 36 Egyptian security personnel have been hospitalized, including some in critical condition, due to border incidents with Palestinians.
    (AP, 1/26/08)
2008        Jan 26, In Guyana gunmen stormed into Lusignan, a coastal village, and shot dead 11 people with 5 children among the dead. Police and government officials suspected a gang led by Rondell Rawlins, a former Guyanese soldier, is behind the violence. Rawlins has accused security forces of kidnapping his pregnant 18-year-old girlfriend days ago and police say he threatened to carry out attacks until she is found.
    (AP, 1/26/08)
2008        Jan 26, In Indonesia a small cargo plane disappeared and apparently crashed during a short flight over Borneo island, and all three people aboard were feared dead.
    (AP, 1/26/08)
2008        Jan 26, A security chief for Sunni tribesmen who rose up against al-Qaida in Iraq said the Jan 23 explosion in northern Iraq was spearheaded by foreign fighters under the sponsorship of Seif al-Islam Gadhafi, son of the Libyan leader. A former city official was stabbed to death along with his wife and daughter in their home in a predominantly Shiite neighborhood in Baghdad. An American soldier was killed by a bomb while on foot patrol in Baghdad.
    (AP, 1/26/08)(AP, 1/27/08)
2008        Jan 26, In Iraq a former city official was stabbed to death along with his wife and daughter in their home in a predominantly Shiite neighborhood in northeastern Baghdad. Elsewhere in the capital, an American soldiers was killed by a bomb while on foot patrol.
    (AP, 1/27/08)
2008        Jan 26, In northern Jordan a tour bus collided with a water tanker, killing at least 21 people with 33 Injured.
    (AP, 1/27/08)
2008        Jan 26, George Habash (81), former PLO leader, died in Jordan. His radical PLO faction gained notoriety after the simultaneous hijackings of four Western airliners in 1970 and the seizure of an Air France flight to Entebbe, Uganda.
    (AP, 1/26/08)
2008        Jan 26, In Kenya sporadic gunshots rang in Nakuru as those forced from their homes by postelection violence threatened revenge. Police took 16 charred bodies to a mortuary, where onlookers sobbed.
    (AP, 1/26/08)
2008        Jan 26, Malaysian police detained 53 activists in a crackdown on a planned opposition-led protest over inflation ahead of national elections expected within weeks.
    (AP, 1/26/08)
2008        Jan 26, Russian riot police fired warning shots into the air and beat demonstrators who tried to rally against alleged vote-rigging in the Muslim region of Ingushetia.
    (AP, 1/26/08)
2008        Jan 26, Sri Lankan air force jets bombed the Tamil Tiger rebels' naval headquarters while the group's sea wing leaders were holding a meeting there.
    (AP, 1/26/08)
2008        Jan 26, In western Thailand a bus packed with passengers heading to a funeral tumbled down a mountain, killing nine people and injuring 26 others.
    (AP, 1/26/08)
2008        Jan 26, Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez and allies Nicaragua, Bolivia and Cuba, members of the Bolivarian Alternative for the Americas (ALBA), launched a regional development bank intended to strengthen their alliance and promote independence from US-backed lenders like the World Bank as Chavez hosted a summit with ALBA leaders.
    (AP, 1/26/08)

2008        Jan 27, Gordon B. Hinckley (b.1910), the humble head of the Mormon church, died in Salt Lake City. He added millions of new members and labored long to burnish the faith's image as a world religion.
    (AP, 1/28/08)
2008        Jan 27, In Australia an Aborigine elder, Mr. Ward (b.1961), died of heatstroke during a four-hour, non-stop trip to face a drink-driving charge in a prison van with broken air-conditioning. In 2010 state director of public prosecutions Joe McGrath told Ward's widow that charges would not be laid against the two guards employed by security firm GSL, now known as G4S, who were in charge of the van. In 2010 Ward’s family was awarded 3.2 million Australian dollars ($2.9 million) in compensation.
    (AFP, 6/28/10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mr_Ward)(AP, 7/29/10)
2008        Jan 27, Chinese police shot and killed two members of a "terrorist gang" and rounded up 15 others during a raid in the restive northwestern Muslim region of Xinjiang. Police found guns, homemade bombs, training materials and "extremist religious ideological materials" during a raid in Urumqi.
    (Reuters, 2/18/08)(AP, 3/9/08)
2008        Jan 27, At least 10 bodies were recovered after a boat capsized on Lake Tanganyika in eastern Congo. An official later said the overloaded boat was piloted by a drunken captain.
    (AP, 1/30/08)
2008        Jan 27, Egyptian forces brandishing electrified batons stopped Gaza cars from crossing the breached border and tightened security at checkpoints to try to confine Palestinians who moved freely into Egypt for a fifth straight day.
    (AP, 1/27/08)
2008        Jan 27, France's Societe Generale said Jerome Kerviel, the young trader blamed for losses that cost the bank more than $7 billion, hacked computers and used "several techniques of fraud." Judicial officials said the man would remain in custody a further 24 hours. The bank said Kerviel had built up a position worth some $73.5 billion, which was eventually closed or hedged by Jan 23 with a loss of $7.21 billion.
    (AP, 1/27/08)
2008        Jan 27, Indonesia, the nation hardest hit by bird flu, recorded its 100th human death as the virus picked up speed across Asia.
    (AP, 1/28/08)
2008        Jan 27, Former Indonesian President Suharto (b.1921) died. The US Cold War ally led one of the 20th century's most brutal dictatorships over 32 years that saw up to a million political opponents killed.
    (AP, 1/27/08)
2008        Jan 27, In Iraq an American soldier was killed in a roadside bombing.
    (AP, 1/27/08)
2008        Jan 27, In western Kenya gangs armed with machetes and bows and arrows burned and hacked to death members of a rival tribe, as the death toll from the latest explosion of violence over disputed presidential elections rose to 69.
    (AP, 1/27/08)
2008        Jan 27, In Lebanon protesters angry about electricity rationing clashed with troops in Beirut's worst riots in a year, leaving 7 Shia youths dead.
    (AP, 1/27/08)(Econ, 2/2/08, p.56)
2008        Jan 27, Mozambique said it would forcibly evacuate 10,000 people who have defied government calls to leave areas at risk of flooding along the Zambezi valley in the country's central regions.
    (Reuters, 1/27/08)
2008        Jan 27, In northwest Pakistan security forces retook the Kohat Tunnel, which was captured a day earlier, and killed at least 24 militants.
    (SFC, 1/28/08, p.A12)
2008        Jan 27, Mikhail Kasyanov, former prime minister and the most vocal Kremlin critic in Russia's presidential contest, was barred from the ballot by election authorities who said tens of thousands of signatures on his nominating petitions were faked. Kasyanov denounced the Central Election Commission's ruling as politically motivated and described the election as "farce." "I have no doubt that Putin personally made the decision not to register my candidacy," he said in a statement.
    (AP, 1/27/08)
2008        Jan 27, In central Turkey a passenger train derailed, killing at least nine people and injuring dozens of others, possibly due to ice on the tracks.
    (AP, 1/27/08)

2008        Jan 28, Pres. Bush State in his State of the Union speech called again for immigration reform, an end to lawmakers' pet projects, control of Social Security spending and making tax cuts permanent.
    (AP, 1/29/08)
2008        Jan 28, The US Senate confirmed former North Dakota Gov. Edward Schafer as secretary of agriculture.
    (WSJ, 1/29/08, p.A1)
2008        Jan 28, A US District judge in Washington, DC, sentenced Ricardo Palmera, a Colombian rebel leader, to 60 years in prison. Palmera admitted serving as FARC’s chief negotiator during discussions over the release of 3 American hostages captured in 2003.
    (SFC, 1/29/08, p.A4)
2008        Jan 28, Data Privacy Day began in the United States and Canada, as an extension of the Data Protection Day celebration that started in Europe in 2007. In the United States, the House and Senate passed Resolutions recognizing January 28, 2009 as National Data Privacy Day, and the Senate also recognized National Data Privacy Day in 2010 and 2011.
    (www.staysafeonline.org/dpd/about/history)
2008        Jan 28, It was reported that security costs for California Gov. Schwarzenegger and other top state officials approached $38 million a year. A state senate panel rejected a proposed $14.7 billion health-care plan supported by Gov. Schwarzenegger.
    (SFC, 1/28/08, p.D1)(WSJ, 1/29/08, p.A1)
2008        Jan 28, Pegasus Wireless, a Fremont, Ca., technology company, filed for bankruptcy. In 2011 financial officer Stephen Durland was sentenced to 33 months in jail for fraudulent stock sales that netted him some $2.1 million. CEO Jasper Knabb pleaded guilty to stock fraud that netted him some $29 million and awaited sentencing. On June 7, 2012, Knabb was sentenced to 21 years in federal prison.
    (SFC, 10/15/11, p.D1)(SFC, 6/8/12, p.D1)
2008        Jan 28, In SF one worker was killed and 2 others badly injured when a 5-story tower of a decommissioned power plant collapsed during demolition in the Hunters Point neighborhood.
    (SFC, 1/29/08, p.D2)
2008        Jan 28, Afghanistan’s Health Ministry said as many as 300 Afghans had died over the past 10 days from bitter cold and heavy snows.
    (SFC, 1/29/08, p.A4)
2008        Jan 28, Abderrahmane Bouzegza, leader of the Dec 11 attacks in Algiers, was killed by the army at Boumerdes, east of the capital. 4 others responsible for the attacks were arrested in February.
    (AFP, 2/6/08)
2008        Jan 28, In London demonstrators staged noisy protests as Pakistan's President Pervez Musharraf held talks with PM Gordon Brown, amid criticism over human rights and concern over elections.
    (AP, 1/28/08)
2008        Jan 28, In Chile Patricia Troncoso, an indigenous rights activist jailed for setting fire to a farm once owned by Mapuche Indians, ended her 110-day hunger strike.
    (AP, 1/28/08)
2008        Jan 28, Congolese Tutsi rebels and Mai Mai militia clashed in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo, breaking a ceasefire signed last week aimed at ending A long-running conflict in the east.
    (AP, 1/28/08)
2008        Jan 28, Egyptian security forces and Hamas militants strung barbed wire across one of the openings in the Egypt-Gaza border, a sign that a days-long breaching of the frontier may be nearing an end.
    (AP, 1/28/08)
2008        Jan 28, The EU launched its long-awaited peacekeeping force for Chad and the Central African Republic to help protect hundreds of thousands of refugees from strife-torn Darfur.
    (AFP, 1/28/08)
2008        Jan 28, A French court sentenced six French charity workers to 8 years in prison, after they were convicted in Chad of trying to kidnap 103 children they said were orphans from Darfur.
    (AP, 1/28/08)
2008        Jan 28, Archbishop Christodoulos (69), the leader of Greece's powerful Orthodox Church, died. He eased centuries of tension with the Vatican but was viewed as reactionary by his liberal critics.
    (AP, 1/28/08)
2008        Jan 28, Iran received the final shipment of uranium fuel from Russia for its first nuclear plant, state media reported, a key step toward the launch of the reactor's operations expected later this year.
    (AP, 1/28/08)
2008        Jan 28, In Iraq a roadside bomb struck a minibus carrying a coffin and mourners to a funeral in the predominantly Shiite southeastern neighborhood of New Baghdad, killing three passengers. Insurgents attacked 4 policemen heading home from work south of Mosul, killing two and wounding the other two. US troops detained 18 al-Qaida-linked militants in two days of operations ending today north of Baghdad. 5 American soldiers were killed in a complex attack in Mosul, described as one of al-Qaida in Iraq's last strongholds.
    (AP, 1/28/08)(AP, 1/29/08)
2008        Jan 28, In Nakuru, Kenya, the provincial capital of the fertile Rift Valley, 64 bodies were counted at the morgue. In Kisumu on the shore of Lake Victoria, armed mobs of young men torched houses and buses, burning alive anyone inside and blocking blood-spattered roadways.
    (AP, 1/28/08)
2008        Jan 28, Pakistani authorities found the body of Keith Ryan (37), a US immigration and customs enforcement attache, with a bullet wound in his head at his home in Islamabad and were investigating a suspected case of suicide. A US missile from a Predator drone destroyed a suspected militant hideout in Torkhali village in North Waziristan, killing 12 people inside. Later reports said there were seven Arabs and six Central Asians killed. Abu Laith al-Libi, a top al-Qaida commander, was among the dead.
    (Reuters, 1/28/08)(Reuters, 1/31/08)(AP, 1/31/08)
2008        Jan 28, In Somalia 3 staff members of Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF-Holland) were killed and one wounded when their vehicle hit a land mine on a road between the international staff members' home and the hospital where they worked in the southern Somali town of Kismayo. In response Doctors Without Borders evacuated its 87 employees from Somalia.
    (AP, 2/1/08)
2008        Jan 28, In Sri Lanka security forces killed 45 rebels along the northern frontlines.
    (AFP, 1/29/08)
2008        Jan 28, Thailand’s parliament chose Samak Sundaravej, representing ex-PM Shinawatra’s interests, as premier easily beating the Democratic party candidate 310-163.
    (SFC, 1/29/08, p.A4)

2008        Jan 29, Pres. Bush signed an executive order for federal agencies to ignore “earmarks" that aren’t explicitly enacted into law.
    (SFC, 1/30/08, p.A6)
2008        Jan 29, In Florida Sen. John McCain won the Republican primary with 36% of the vote. Mitt Romney was 2nd with 31% and Rudi Giuliani 3rd with 15%.
    (SFC, 1/30/08, p.A1)
2008        Jan 29, Federal fishery regulators said the number of chinook salmon returning to California's Central Valley has reached a near-record low, pointing to an "unprecedented collapse" that could lead to severe restrictions on West Coast salmon fishing this year.
    (AP, 1/29/08)
2008        Jan 29, Robert M. Ball (93), considered to be the father of the US Medicare system, died.
    (WSJ, 1/31/08, p.A1)
2008        Jan 29, Margaret Truman Daniel (b.1924), the only daughter of former Pres. Harry Truman, died in Chicago. From 1980 to 1996 Daniel wrote 13 murder mysteries beginning with “Murder in the White House," which became a best seller.
    (SFC, 1/30/08, p.A2)
2008        Jan 29, In southern Afghanistan roadside bombings killed three civilians.
    (AP, 1/30/08)
2008        Jan 29, In northern Algeria a car loaded with explosives and headed for a police station exploded after officers stopped the attack with bullets. At least two people were killed and 23 wounded.
    (AP, 1/29/08)
2008        Jan 29, Gold prices hit a record high 933.33 dollars in London as the market was driven higher by production problems in key producer South Africa and the weak US dollar.
    (AFP, 1/29/08)
2008        Jan 29, In China deadly winter storms, the worst in five decades, showed no signs of letting up, where cities were blacked out, transport systems were paralyzed and a bus crash on an icy road killed at least 25 people during the nation's busiest travel season.
    (AP, 1/29/08)
2008        Jan 29, Congolese Tutsi rebels and a rival Mai Mai militia group pledged to respect a recently-signed peace accord, a day after clashes between their fighters broke the ceasefire.
    (AP, 1/29/08)
2008        Jan 29, A Cairo court ruled to allow Egyptian Bahais to leave their religion blank on official documents, in effect restoring their access to jobs, schools and medical and financial services.
    (AP, 1/29/08)
2008        Jan 29, Cars and trucks traveled freely across the border from Gaza to Egypt for a seventh day. Egyptians living near the breached border with Gaza warned that chaos was brewing and demanded the crisis be resolved.
    (AP, 1/29/08)
2008        Jan 29, Iran’s state media reported that more than 50 followers of the minority Baha'i faith were convicted of distributing propaganda against the country's Islamic regime. The faith was banned after the 1979 Islamic revolution, and it is not recognized in the Iranian constitution as a religious minority.
    (AP, 1/29/08)
2008        Jan 29, A suicide car bomber targeted a US patrol in Mosul, killing at least one Iraqi and wounding as many as 15. Iraqi police north of Baghdad found 19 bullet-riddled bodies near the former insurgent stronghold of Muqdadiyah. In Baghdad a bombing at a checkpoint wounded five American soldiers and three civilians. Iraqi officials claimed it was a suicide bombing and said two people were killed. An Iraqi television cameraman and his driver were killed in a roadside bombing north of Baghdad. The female correspondent and camera assistant traveling with them were wounded.
    (AP, 1/29/08)(AP, 1/30/08)
2008        Jan 29, Japan's coast guard said it has sent a team of officers to protect its whaling fleet against intensifying protests by environmentalists.
    (AFP, 1/29/08)
2008        Jan 29, Japan said it was setting up a fund to help African countries enhance protection of intellectual property rights, calling it key to boosting the continent's economic potential.
    (AP, 1/29/08)
2008        Jan 29, In Kenya former UN chief Kofi Annan launched formal mediation efforts to end the post-election crisis, where the killing of an opposition legislator stoked bloody protests. Gunmen killed Mugabe Were, an opposition lawmaker in Nairobi, triggering a new flare-up of the ethnic fighting. A gang hefting machetes dragged a doctor from the president's Kikuyu tribe from his clinic "and then cut and cut until his head was off."
    (Reuters, 1/29/08)(AP, 1/29/08)
2008        Jan 29, In Mexico City Elvira Arellano, a deported Mexican migrant who holed up in a Chicago church to fight for immigrants' rights, rallied support for Flor Crisostomo (28), another woman now seeking refuge in the same building. Four Mexican military officers and one soldier, were turned over to prosecutors for alleged links to Alfredo Beltran Leyva, but their cases weren't made public until Oct 31.
    (AP, 1/30/08)(AP, 10/31/08)
2008        Jan 29, Scientists in New Zealand reported that smoking a joint is equivalent to 20 cigarettes in terms of lung cancer risk and warned of an "epidemic" of lung cancers linked to cannabis.
    (Reuters, 1/29/08)
2008        Jan 29, Pakistan’s President Pervez Musharraf returned home after a weeklong trip to Europe. Security forces exchanged gunfire with Islamic militants holed up at a house in Karachi, with 3 militants and two policemen dead. A fourth militant, who was wounded in the shootout, died later in the day. Hundreds of students in Miran Shah protested Pakistan's support for the US-led war on terror.
    (AFP, 1/29/08)(AP, 1/29/08)(AP, 1/30/08)
2008        Jan 29, Saudi Arabia said it had killed some 158,000 chickens after the deadly H5N1 bird flu strain was found at an infected farm. The agriculture ministry also said more than 4.5 million fowl have been killed in provinces around the capital, but it did not specify when the killing took place.
    (AP, 1/30/08)
2008        Jan 29, In Sri Lanka the defense ministry said its troops smashed 16 guerrilla bunkers in the district of Mannar and killed at least 22 rebels. Tamilnet said at least 11 school children and the principal of the school were among those killed when the Sri Lanka Army triggered a Claymore mine targeting a bus carrying school children.
    (AFP, 1/29/08)
2008        Jan 29, Officials in impoverished Tajikistan said they would be forced to cut power to much of the country as residents endured one of the coldest winters in 25 years. Tajikistan is rich in water resources, but the cold weather has frozen rivers flowing into the Nurek reservoir.
    (AP, 1/29/08)
2008        Jan 29, In Venezuela 4 gunmen held more than 30 people hostage inside a bank during a lengthy and tense standoff with police that began with a botched robbery in the town of Altagracia de Orituco.
    (AP, 1/29/08)

2008        Jan 30, The US Federal Reserve cut its federal funds rate by half a point to 3%, and left the door open to further cuts. The 1.25 point cut in 8 days was the largest since it began disclosing rate moves two decades ago.
    (SFC, 1/31/08, p.C1)(WSJ, 1/31/08, p.A1)
2008        Jan 30, Democrat John Edwards exited the presidential race, ending a scrappy underdog bid in which he steered his rivals toward progressive ideals while grappling with family hardship that roused voters' sympathies.
    (AP, 1/30/08)
2008        Jan 30, Following his third place finish in Florida, former New York mayor Rudy Giuliani dropped out of the presidential race and endorsed Sen. John McCain.
    (AP, 1/30/08)
2008        Jan 30, In Philadelphia Nurse Lee Cruceta (35) admitted he cut body parts from 244 corpses and helped forge paperwork so the parts, some of them diseased, could be used in unsuspecting patients. Cruceta has also pleaded guilty to related charges in New York and negotiated pleas to serve concurrent sentences of 6 1/2 to 20 years.
    (AP, 1/30/08)
2008        Jan 30, Using DNA, the blueprint of life, US researchers said they have made a three-dimensional structure from particles of gold in a development that could lead to a host of custom-designed materials.
    (Reuters, 1/30/08)
2008        Jan 30, It was reported that bats were dying off by the thousands as they hibernated in caves and mines around New York and Vermont, sending researchers scrambling to find the cause of mysterious condition dubbed "white nose syndrome." Up to 11,000 bats were found dead last winter and many more were showing signs of illness this winter.
    (AP, 1/30/08)
2008        Jan 30, Fr. Marcial Maciel Degollado (b.1920), Mexican Roman Catholic priest who founded the Legion of Christ and the Regnum Christi movement (1941), died in Texas.
    (www.nytimes.com/2008/02/01/world/americas/01maciel.html)
2008        Jan 30, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber in a vehicle tried to attack a NATO convoy in Kandahar province's Zhari district, but instead hit a private car wounding 4 civilians.
    (AP, 1/30/08)
2008        Jan 30, The Bangladesh government said an unidentified person has donated $130 million to help rebuild hundreds of schools and storm shelters destroyed by a cyclone along Bangladesh's southwest coast.
    (AP, 1/30/08)
2008        Jan 30, In Brazil heavily armed police cracking down on crime ahead of Rio's famed carnival celebrations engaged in shootouts with criminals in two slums, killing at least seven suspects.
    (AP, 1/30/08)
2008        Jan 30, China’s government deploy nearly 500,000 army troops to assist areas troubled by winter storms. 15 sailors drowned and another was missing after two ships collided on China's Yangtze river.
    (AP, 1/30/08)
2008        Jan 30, Wilber Varela, one of Colombia's most-wanted drug lords, was found slain in Merida, Venezuela. Varela's war with his rival within the Norte del Valle cartel, Diego Montoya, plagued the city of Cali and much of southwestern Colombia, killing more than 1,000 people in several years.
    (AP, 2/1/08)
2008        Jan 30, Thousands of striking taxi drivers drove at a snail's pace around France as part of a protest against government plans to open up their business to greater competition.
    (AP, 1/30/08)
2008        Jan 30, Police in India said they broke up an illegal organ transplant ring spanning five Indian states and involving at least four doctors, several hospitals, two dozen nurses and paramedics and a car outfitted as a laboratory (see Feb 7).
    (AP, 1/30/08)(WSJ, 1/31/08, p.A1)
2008        Jan 30, The final Winograd Commission report was announced in Binyanei HaUma in Jerusalem. It had been commissioned to inquire into Israel’s 2006 war in Lebanon.
    (Econ, 2/2/08, p.56)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Winograd_Commission)
2008        Jan 30, Ao Man-long, Macau's highest-level official ever convicted of corruption, was sentenced to 27 years in prison for taking contract kickbacks in the construction boom that's turning the Chinese gambling enclave into a Las Vegas-style vacation destination.
    (AP, 1/31/08)
2008        Jan 30, Mozambique’s interior ministry said police intercepted a lorry carrying 39 youngsters as they were about to be smuggled across the border into Zimbabwe by suspected child traffickers. Rights groups warned late last year that trafficking of Mozambican children across to neighboring countries, mostly South Africa, has risen tenfold in the last two years.
    (AFP, 1/30/08)
2008        Jan 30, In southern Nepal 34 people were wounded in a bomb attack at a political rally.
    (AFP, 1/30/08)
2008        Jan 30, In Pakistan 3 suspected militants allegedly planning suicide attacks died when a bomb detonated early in Miran Shah.
    (AP, 1/30/08)
2008        Jan 30, In the southern Philippines a homemade bomb ripped through a fish processing plant, killing three and injuring 27 workers.
    (AP, 1/30/08)
2008        Jan 30, President Vladimir Putin and his likely successor called for sweeping environmental improvements, saying cleaning up Soviet-era pollution and reducing industrial waste are crucial for Russia's economy and public health.
    (AP, 1/30/08)
2008        Jan 30, Imprisoned Russian oil tycoon Mikhail Khodorkovsky launched a hunger strike to protest authorities' refusal to give his jailed ex-lawyer AIDS medication.
    (AP, 1/30/08)
2008        Jan 30, South African police raided a downtown Johannesburg church late at night where hundreds of Zimbabweans had taken refuge, hauling people in pajamas to a police station in scenes reminiscent of apartheid-era raids.
    (AP, 1/31/08)
2008        Jan 30, Auto giant Ford announced a multi-million dollar investment in South Africa, brushing aside fears about an electricity crisis which has alarmed other international investors.
    (AP, 1/30/08)
2008        Jan 30, In Sri Lanka troops overran at least 25 bunkers and killed 10 guerrillas.
    (AP, 2/1/08)
2008        Jan 30, Subprime-related problems at UBS AG mounted as the Swiss bank unveiled $4 billion in new write-downs in a surprise statement and sank deep into the red for the year, depressing its shares.
    (AP, 1/30/08)
2008        Jan 30, Tunisia hosted the 25th session of the meeting of Arab Ministers of the Interior. Security chiefs agreed to toughen rules on material that might promote terrorism.
    (Econ, 2/9/08, p.53)(http://allafrica.com/stories/200801220589.html)
2008        Jan 30, The United Nation's disaster relief agency announced that a meningitis outbreak that has claimed some 52 lives in Burkina Faso by mid-month has spread to three other west African countries. A spike in the number of meningitis cases has also been reported in Mali, Niger and Nigeria since the end of 2007.
    (AFP, 1/31/08)
2008        Jan 30, The UN Security Council renewed the mandate of the struggling UN peace force on the Eritrea-Ethiopia border for six months despite a request from Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon for just one month.
    (Reuters, 1/30/08)
2008        Jan 30, Vietnam’s central bank raised official interest rates up 1.5% to fight inflation which had reached 14.1%, the highest since 1995.
    (Econ, 2/2/08, p.46)

2008        Jan 31, The US Navy test fired an incredibly powerful new big gun designed to replace conventional weaponry aboard ships. Navy officials called it the "world's most powerful electromagnetic railgun."
    (www.livescience.com/technology/080201-electromagnetic-record.html)
2008        Jan 31, US Army Maj. John Cockerham and his wife pleaded guilty to bribery, conspiracy and money laundering committed while he was a contracting officer in Kuwait (2004-2006, during which time he made over $9 million. Maj. James Momon Jr., his successor, later pleaded guilty to pocketing over $1 million. Cockerham and his wife were initially indicted on Aug 22, 2007.
    (SSFC, 10/26/08, Par p.6)(www.usdoj.gov/atr/cases/f225400/225441.htm)
2008        Jan 31, Human Rights Watch charged that Europe and the US increasingly tolerate autocrats posing as democrats out of pure self-interest, in countries such as Pakistan, Kenya, Nigeria and Russia, as human right abuses go on.
    (AFP, 1/31/08)
2008        Jan 31, The Sewerage Agency of Southern Marin, Ca., let nearly 3 million gallons of treated and raw sewage spill into the SF Bay. A week later it was reported that a spill on Jan 25 had released 2.5 million gallons. Over the next 2 weeks at least 65 birds were found dead on the shores of Richardson Bay Audubon Center.
    (SFC, 2/6/08, p.B7)(SFC, 2/9/08, p.B1)
2008        Jan 31, Dorothy Dixon (29), 6 months pregnant, was found dead at a home in Alton, Ill. Housemates had used her for target practice with BBs, burned her with a glue gun and doused her with scalding liquid that peeled away her skin. Investigators put much of the blame on Michelle Riley (35), who they said befriended Dixon but pocketed monthly Social Security checks she got because of her developmental delays. In 2009 Riley pleaded guilty to the torture and killing of Dixon.
    (AP, 3/22/08)(SFC, 10/27/09, p.A4)
2008        Jan 31, The Mideast and India suffered a 2nd day of telecom woes after two undersea Internet cables in the Mediterranean sustained damage.
    (WSJ, 2/1/08, p.A1)
2008        Jan 31, In southern Afghanistan a suicide bomber blew himself up inside a mosque, killing Helmand province's deputy governor and five other people. A car bomb exploded next to an Afghan army bus in Kabul, wounding four civilians and a solider.
    (AP, 1/31/08)
2008        Jan 31, In China a top agriculture official warned that snow battering central China has dealt an "extremely serious" blow to winter crops, raising the likelihood that future shortages would exaggerate already surging food prices. China said it had stopped production and exports from a company whose insecticide-tainted frozen dumplings sickened 10 people in Japan. Tens of thousands of Chinese massed impatiently near a railway station in Guangzhou, desperate to get on trains home for a major holiday after days of delay caused by snow.
    (AP, 1/31/08)(Reuters, 1/31/08)
2008        Jan 31, The EU ordered Italy to clean up Naples within a month, or face legal action.
    (AP, 1/31/08)
2008        Jan 31, It was reported that the EU is suing Malta for permitting residents to hunt 2 species of birds in the spring. The Maltese government said it qualifies for an exemption under EU rules.
    (WSJ, 2/1/08, p.A6)
2008        Jan 31, India's Tata Chemicals, part of tea-to-steel conglomerate Tata Group, announced it was buying US-based soda-ash producer General Chemical Industrial Products for over one billion dollars.
    (AP, 1/31/08)
2008        Jan 31, In Iraq militants fired 20 rockets at Britain’s airport base in Basra. British gunners responded with artillery fire and 10 Iraqi civilians were killed or wounded. A bomb-rigged car blew up in Baghdad killing at least 5 people in a Shiite enclave. 2 US soldiers were killed, one by a roadside bomb in Baghdad and another by a rocket or mortar attack on a convoy support center south of the capital.
    (AP, 2/1/08)(SFC, 2/1/08, p.A13)
2008        Jan 31, In Kenya an opposition lawmaker was gunned down by a police officer in the second fatal shooting of an opposition legislator this week. National police chief Hussein Ali said the police officer, who has been arrested, shot David Too in a dispute over the officer's girlfriend. The opposition said it was an assassination plot. Kenyan police killed four people as mobs set scores of houses and businesses ablaze in a western Kenyan town. In Kisumu police fired tear gas and then live rounds at scores of protesters trying to block the main road. Kofi Annan suspended crisis talks aimed at ending Kenya's political crisis after the lawmaker was shot dead, triggering further clashes. In Ethiopia UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon met with Pres. Kibaki at the African Union summit and warned that the violence in Kenya could spiral out of control unless quick action was taken.
    (AP, 1/31/08)(AFP, 1/31/08)(AP, 2/1/08)
2008        Jan 31, In Mexico tens of thousands of demonstrators marched through downtown Mexico City to protest recent trade openings that removed the last tariff protections for ancestral Mexican crops like corn and beans.
    (AP, 1/31/08)
2008        Jan 31, Thousands of Pakistani lawyers burned effigies of President Pervez Musharraf during nationwide protests to press for the release of the country's deposed chief justice. Two Pakistani soldiers were killed and two others wounded when a bomb exploded near their convoy in Wana in South Waziristan.
    (AFP, 1/31/08)(AP, 2/1/08)
2008        Jan 31, In the southern Philippines Abu Sayyaf commander Wahab Upao, a Muslim militant who allegedly gunned down a Roman Catholic priest in a raid on a school, was killed in a clash with troops pursuing an Indonesian terror suspect.
    (AP, 1/31/08)
2008        Jan 31, Romania’s Constitutional Court struck down the 1999 law that opened Romania's secret police archives. It effectively forced the Council for the Study of the Securitate Archives to shut down, and makes its previous decisions null.
    (AP, 2/1/08)
2008        Jan 31, In South Korea a court ruled against Samsung and  its chairman Lee Kun-hee in the nation’s biggest civil lawsuit. It ordered them to pay $2.7 billion to the creditors of Samsung Motors.
    (Econ, 2/9/08, p.71)
2008        Jan 31, In northern Sri Lanka a bomb being transported by a suicide bomber on a bicycle exploded prematurely, killing 4 people and injuring 13. Separate clashes across the north killed 15 Tamil rebels. Japan cautioned it will review its aid policy unless the violence subsided.
    (AP, 1/31/08)(AFP, 1/31/08)(AP, 2/1/08)
2008        Jan 31, In Turkey an explosion ripped through an unlicensed fireworks factory in an industrial section of Istanbul, killing 20 people and injuring 117.
    (AP, 1/31/08)
2008        Jan 31, An official at the UN labor agency said more than 5 million people will lose their jobs this year as the world economy slows.
    (AP, 1/31/08)

2008        Jan, In Massachusetts Ly Van Aggadipo (b.1917), a Cambodia-born Buddhist monk, died. He had fled Cambodia in 1979 and later settled in the US. In 2010 friends and followers released a book of his poetry titled “Oh! Maha Mount Dangrek," which contained an autobiographical poem on the horrors of the Khmer Rouge and a friend’s story of love in the time of genocide.
    (SFC, 3/23/10, p.E3)
2008        Jan, The NYC-based Pro-Publica investigative reporting unit was set up with help from the Sandler Foundation.
    (Econ, 6/9/12, p.64)(http://www.propublica.org/about/)
2008        Jan, Grameen Bank, a Bangladesh-based microfinance institution, opened its first American branch. As of September, 2011, it had lent over 25 million to some 7,300 borrowers.
    (Econ, 9/24/11, p.42)
2008        Jan, Belgium began sending out inspectors to daily check on 150 randomly selected sick and not so sick civil servants. Some government departments were averaging 35 days of sick leave per year.
    (WSJ, 1/9/09, p.A1)
2008        Jan, The population of Central African Republic was about 4 million. Bandits known as Zaraguina, mostly from Chad, were reported to be looting, kidnapping and demanding thousands of dollars in ransom for local cattle herders from the Peuhl tribe.
    (Econ, 1/26/08, p.47)
2008        Jan, In France, investigating magistrates seized 23 notebooks of Yves Bertrand, former head of Renseignements Genereaux (RG), one of the country’s domestic intelligence services, as part of an inquiry into the “Clearstream Affair."
    (Econ, 11/1/08, p.60)
2008        Jan, In southern Thailand killings rose sharply this month to 55. Some 2,800 deaths were counted since 2004.
    (Econ, 3/1/08, p.45)

2008        Feb 1, Microsoft Corp. made an unsolicited takeover offer of $44.6 billion for Yahoo Inc. in its boldest bid yet to challenge Google Inc.'s dominance of the lucrative online search and advertising markets.
    (AP, 2/1/08)
2008        Feb 1, Exxon Mobil Corp. posted the largest annual profit by a US company, $40.6 billion, as the world's biggest publicly traded oil company benefited from historic crude prices.
    (AP, 2/1/08)
2008        Feb 1, According to a new study the sexually transmitted virus that causes cervical cancer in women is poised to become one of the leading causes of oral cancer in men.
    (AP, 2/1/08)
2008        Feb 1, In Loganville, Ga., Darryl Spearman (55) and Cherri Spearman (52) were found dead in their home by relatives. Investigators said they were beaten to death. The next day police arrested their son, Joshua Spearman (18), on two counts of murder.
    (AP, 2/3/08)
2008        Feb 1, In Cockeysville, Md., Nicholas Waggoner Browning (15) shot and killed his father John Browning (45) and mother Tamara (44) and his brothers Gregory (13) and Benjamin (11). On Oct 27 Browning pleaded guilty to first-degree murder charges and faced at least 2 decades in prison. On Jan 23, 2009, he was sentenced to 4 life terms, but could be eligible for parole in 23 years with good behavior.
    (SFC, 2/4/08, p.A4)(SFC, 10/28/08, p.A6)(AP, 1/24/09)
2008        Feb 1, Actress Shell Kepler (49) died at Oregon Health & Science University hospital. For years she played the gossipy nurse Amy Vining on the TV soap opera "General Hospital."
    (AP, 2/4/08)
2008        Feb 1, An  Australian report said that Japanese harpoonists killed five whales in one day after Greenpeace and Sea Shepherd ships, which had halted the hunt in Antarctic waters, were forced to return to port to refuel.
    (AFP, 2/1/08)
2008        Feb 1, Bangladesh livestock officials said more than 27,000 chickens and ducks have been slaughtered after bird flu was confirmed at a poultry farm near the border with India.
    (AP, 2/1/08)
2008        Feb 1, In Brazil men dressed as nuns swilled beer and danced down the cobblestoned streets of a Rio hillside to kick off five days of uninhibited carnival madness.
    (AP, 2/2/08)
2008        Feb 1, Chad's army fought to drive off rebels who pushed to within 100 km (60 miles) of the capital N'Djamena and the clashes delayed the deployment of European peacekeepers. A French Defense Ministry official said France has sent about 150 supplementary troops to Chad as a "precautionary measure" in response to a rebel offensive.
    (AP, 2/1/08)
2008        Feb 1, China’s government said 3 weeks of crippling snow storms have inflicted $7.5 billion in damages and announced a $700 million relief fund for farmers.
    (AP, 2/1/08)
2008        Feb 1, Chinese aluminium giant Chinalco said it and US peer Alcoa have bought a 12-percent stake in Anglo-Australian miner Rio Tinto, setting up a possible takeover tussle with rival BHP Billiton.
    (AP, 2/1/08)
2008        Feb 1, In Ethiopia a summit of African Union leaders shifted its attention from the crisis in Kenya to Chad, with delegates voicing fears of a major conflict that could scupper peace efforts in Sudan.
    (AP, 2/1/08)
2008        Feb 1, Hundreds of Hamas supporters protested on the breached Gaza-Egypt border to demand it remain open, while Egyptian troops poured cement and laid down metal spikes in a new attempt to halt the influx of Gazans.
    (AP, 2/1/08)
2008        Feb 1, Scientists in Finland said they had replaced a 65-year-old patient's upper jaw with a bone transplant cultivated from stem cells isolated from his own fatty tissue and grown inside his abdomen.
    (Reuters, 2/1/08)
2008        Feb 1, In Iraq 2 female suicide bombers blew themselves up in separate attacks on Baghdad pet bazaars, killing at least 68 people and wounding dozens. The attacks were the deadliest in the Iraqi capital since 30,000 more American troops flooded into the center of the country last spring. The next day officials raised the death toll to at least 99, including 62 people killed at the central al-Ghazl market and 37 others killed about 20 minutes later across town. PM al-Maliki said the suicide bombers were both mentally disabled and that their suicide vests were remotely controlled.
    (AP, 2/1/08)(AP, 2/2/08)
2008        Feb 1, Scientists in Japan and New Zealand said they have created a "tear-free" onion using biotechnology to switch off the gene behind the enzyme that makes us cry.
    (AFP, 2/2/08)
2008        Feb 1, The US promised Kazakhstan to help it bring its armed forces up to NATO standards in a new military cooperation pact certain to irritate Russia.
    (AP, 2/1/08)
2008        Feb 1, Kenya's rival sides said they had agreed to take action to end monthlong violence from a disputed presidential election, but the death toll mounted when police fired on mobs setting homes and businesses ablaze in the west of the country. At least 14 people were killed as the death toll rose to over 800 with some 300,000 forced from their homes.
    (AP, 2/2/08)(SFC, 2/2/08, p.A5)
2008        Feb 1, In Mauritania at least one gunman opened fire on the Israeli Embassy, setting off a battle with guards that wounded one person. 8 people were soon detained, but all were released for lack of evidence. 2 suspected terrorists were arrested on April 30.
    (AP, 2/1/08)(AP, 2/19/08)(AP, 4/30/08)
2008        Feb 1, In Pakistan a suicide bomber attacked a military checkpoint in North Waziristan, killing five government soldiers about two miles from the scene of a US missile attack that had killed a top al-Qaida commander.
    (AP, 2/1/08)
2008        Feb 1, Pirates seized a Danish-owned tug boat and its six crew members off Somalia's northeastern coast and demanded ransom. The 115-foot Svitzer Korsakov was built in St. Petersburg, Russia, and was on its way to Sakhalin Island in the Far East.
    (AP, 2/4/08)
2008        Feb 1, In northern Sri Lanka government troops attacked Tamil Tiger rebel bunkers along the front lines, triggering a battle that killed 10 guerrillas and two soldiers.
    (AP, 2/1/08)
2008        Feb 1, In Sweden Christer Merrill Aggett (32), a British man, was sentenced to 14 years in prison for infecting two young women with HIV and putting 13 more at risk of infection. Six of them were under the age of 15, the legal age of consent in Sweden, when the sexual encounters took place.
    (AP, 2/1/08)
2008        Feb 1, The US announced it will resume military and other aid to Thailand as a result of the country's successful election and its formation of a democratically elected government.
    (AP, 2/1/08)
2008        Feb 1, Wireless equipment maker LM Ericsson AB reported a sharp drop in fourth-quarter net profits and said it would lay off around 1,000 employees in Sweden because of costs cuts.
    (AP, 2/1/08)

2008        Feb 2, Mitt Romney coasted to a win in presidential preference voting by Maine Republicans, claiming his third victory in a caucus state and fourth overall.
    (AP, 2/3/08)
2008        Feb 2, In Tinley Park, Ill., a gunman herded five women into the back room of a strip mall Lane Bryan clothing store and killed them during a botched robbery. He vanished after walking out of the shop's front door.
    (AP, 2/3/08)
2008        Feb 2, Gus Arriola (b.1917), cartoonist, died in Carmel, Ca. His Gordo (1941-1985) cartoon strip was one of the first in the US to celebrate Mexican culture.
    (SSFC, 2/3/08, p.B1)
2008        Feb 2, Joshua Lederberg (b.1925), Stanford professor and Nobel-winning molecular biologist, died in NY.
    (SFC, 2/8/08, p.B9)
2008        Feb 2, African Union leaders condemned the latest unrest in Chad and Kenya at the close of a summit overshadowed by new crises on the continent and which saw little headway achieved on older ones. Hundreds of rebels penetrated the capital of Chad, clashing with government troops and moving on the presidential palace after a three-day advance through the oil-producing central African nation.
    (AFP, 2/2/08)(AP, 2/2/08)
2008        Feb 2, Hamas agreed to Egyptian calls to control the flow of Palestinians through the breached Gaza border and expects Egypt to seal remaining gaps in the frontier wall.
    (AP, 2/2/08)
2008        Feb 2, French President Nicolas Sarkozy married former model Carla Bruni at the Elysee Palace.
    (AP, 2/2/08)
2008        Feb 2, An Indonesian health ministry official said floods in Jakarta have killed three people and displaced nearly 100,000 after two days of torrential rain.
    (AP, 2/2/08)
2008        Feb 2, Iraqi forces raided two villages north of the capital, killing seven suspected militants and arresting four others. Near Samarra, Iraqi police killed four men and captured a senior aide to an al-Qaida in Iraq leader. Near Tal Afar Iraqi commandos killed three wanted men and arrested three others. The US military accidentally killed nine Iraqi civilians near Iskandariyah during an operation targeting al-Qaida in Iraq, the deadliest known case of mistaken identity in recent months.
    (AP, 2/2/08)(AP, 2/4/08)
2008        Feb 2, An Iraqi government official said Iraq has halted oil exports to Austria's OMV, the leading oil and gas group in central Europe, to protest a deal with the self-ruled Kurdish region.
    (AP, 2/3/08)
2008        Feb 2, A Lebanese prosecutor issued arrest warrants for 11 soldiers and six civilians in connection with Jan 27 clashes between troops and Shiite Muslim protesters that left 7 people dead.
    (AP, 2/2/08)
2008        Feb 2, A police raid in Pakistan's northwest triggered a shootout that killed two officers and three militants and led the insurgents to use women and children as human shields.
    (AP, 2/2/08)
2008        Feb 2, South Korean car giant Hyundai Motor Co opened a second plant in India, making the country its biggest foreign manufacturing site.
    (AP, 2/2/08)
2008        Feb 2, In central Sri Lanka a bomb tore through a bus packed with mostly elderly Buddhist pilgrims, killing 18 people and wounding 51 others.
    (AP, 2/2/08)
2008        Feb 2, Taiwan's president inaugurated a runway on disputed Taiping island in the Spratlys chain in the South China Sea, sparking a protest from the Philippines which also claims sovereignty over the isle.
    (AP, 2/3/08)
2008        Feb 2, In Turkey tens of thousands of secular Turks rallied against a plan by the government to allow women students to wear the Muslim headscarf at university, a move they say will usher in a stricter form of Islam.
    (Reuters, 2/2/08)

2008        Feb 3, The New York Giants won the Super Bowl XLII over for the favored New England Patriots 17-14.
    (AP, 2/4/08)
2008        Feb 3, Jorge Liderman (50), a composer and professor at UC Berkeley, was struck and killed by a BART train at the El Cerrito station in a suspected suicide.
    (SFC, 2/4/08, p.B1)
2008        Feb 3, In East Oakland, Ca., two teenage girls from San Leandro were shot and killed as they were catching a ride to a music studio. In 2012 Gumaro Baez (22) was sentenced to life in prison for their murder plus 2 counts of attempted murder.
    (SFC, 2/29/12, p.C4)
2008        Feb 3, Australian PM Kevin Rudd announced a summit of 1,000 ordinary citizens to address long-term challenges facing the nation, saying the best ideas could influence government policy. He also scolded the country's opposition for haggling over the exact content of a planned apology to Australia's Aborigines, saying its meaning will be quite clear.
    (AP, 2/3/08)
2008        Feb 3, Chadian forces backed by tanks and helicopter gunships struggled to repel a rebel assault on the capital, and insurgents claimed to have trapped the president in his palace. Chadian rebels, reportedly backed by Sudanese military aircraft, launched an attack on the eastern town of Adre, which borders on Sudan's Darfur region.
    (AP, 2/3/08)(AFP, 2/3/08)
2008        Feb 3, In southern China railway service inched back to normal, a day after one person died in a stampede by frustrated train passengers who were stranded for days because of snow ahead of an important holiday.
    (AP, 2/3/08)
2008        Feb 3, Egyptian troops closed the last breach in Egypt's border with the Gaza Strip, ending 11 days of free movement for Palestinian residents of the blockaded territory.
    (AP, 2/3/08)
2008        Feb 3, In southwest Germany an apartment building fire killed at least nine people, five of them children, and left 20 people hospitalized in Ludwigshafen.
    (AP, 2/4/08)
2008        Feb 3, In western India a four-story building collapsed in Ahmadabad, killing eight people and injuring another 12 after a warning to evacuate days before went unheeded.
    (AP, 2/3/08)
2008        Feb 3, Iraq's presidency council issued a controversial law that allows lower-ranking former Baath party members to reclaim government jobs, the final step for the first US-backed benchmark approved by parliament. A senior Interior Ministry official and his bodyguard were wounded and his driver was killed by a bomb planted on his car. A mortar round slammed into a street in a northeastern section of the capital, killing an Iraqi soldier on foot patrol. An Iraqi policeman was killed in a drive-by shooting near Kut.
    (AP, 2/3/08)
2008        Feb 3, Israeli forces opened fire across the Lebanese border, killing one person and wounding another. The Israeli military said it was responding to fire apparently from drug smugglers on the Lebanese side.
    (AP, 2/4/08)
2008        Feb 3, In Italy Ernesto Illy (82), the longtime head of Italian coffee giant illycaffe SpA, died. A chemist and son of Francesco Illy, who founded the company in 1933, Ernesto traveled the world in search of the best blend of beans.
    (AP, 2/6/08)
2008        Feb 3, Police said Japanese investigators found insecticide on the outside of six bags of Chinese-made dumplings in Japan after separate dumplings made by the same company sickened 10 people there.
    (AP, 2/3/08)
2008        Feb 3, The leader of Kenya's opposition called for the African Union to send peacekeepers to help stem violence sparked by the country's disputed presidential election.
    (AP, 2/3/08)
2008        Feb 3, In Nigeria fighters from the Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta (MEND) attacked a military houseboat stationed at the Shell Petroleum Tora manifold in Bayelsa state of Nigeria. The attack killed three soldiers.
    (AFP, 2/5/08)
2008        Feb 3, Two strong earthquake shook the African Great Lakes region, killing at least 37 people in Rwanda and six in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
    (AFP, 2/3/08)(AFP, 2/4/08)
2008        Feb 3, Serbs voted in a knife-edge presidential election that could decide whether their country turns its back on the West in response to the imminent loss of the breakaway province of Kosovo. Boris Tadic took 50.5% of votes cast to beat nationalist Tomislav Nikolic by about 100,000 votes.
    (AP, 2/3/08)(Reuters, 2/4/08)
2008        Feb 3, In Somalia a roadside bomb killed eight civilians and wounded nine others when it exploded near a minibus full of passengers in war-ravaged Mogadishu.
    (AP, 2/3/08)
2008        Feb 3, In Sri Lanka a female suicide bomber attacked the main railway station in the capital of Colombo, killing at least 15 people and wounding 93 others. The dead included 7 students and their baseball coach killed on the eve of Freedom Day.
    (AP, 2/3/08)(AFP, 2/5/08)(Econ, 2/9/08, p.66)
2008        Feb 3, Thailand's new PM Sundaravej said he will also become the defense minister in a soon-to-be unveiled Cabinet to deter the military from staging a coup against his government.
    (AP, 2/3/08)

2008        Feb 4, President Bush unveiled a $3.1 trillion budget that supports sizable increases in military spending to fight the war on terrorism and protects his signature tax cuts. Bush says the plan will keep the US economy growing and protect the US militarily.
    (AP, 2/4/08)
2008        Feb 4, In Utah Thomas S. Monson (80) was introduced as the 16th president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. He had become known for his folksy storytelling as he ascended through church ranks.
    (AP, 2/4/08)
2008        Feb 4, Platinum soared above $1,800 an ounce for the first time as investors bet that a power shortage in South Africa will tighten global supply for the metal used in jewelry and automobiles.
    (AP, 2/4/08)
2008        Feb 4, Intel said it has built a new chip with a record 2 billion transistors. Its new quad-core Itanium processor will operate at frequencies up to 2 gigahertz.
    (SFC, 2/5/08, p.C2)
2008        Feb 4, Afghan and foreign troops conducted two raids on the homes of suspected Taliban militants, leaving 10 people dead, including women and children. A separate clash in southern Uruzgan province left nine suspected militants dead.
    (AP, 2/4/08)
2008        Feb 4, The chief Aruban prosecutor said a hidden-camera interview with a Dutch student saying missing teenager Natalee Holloway was dead and that he had a friend dump her body at sea is admissible in court. The tape, which was first broadcast the previous evening on Dutch television, appeared to spur the investigation.
    (AP, 2/5/08)
2008        Feb 4, In Chad government forces and rebels clashed for a third day in the capital of N'Djamena with gunfire and shelling heard throughout the city.
    (AP, 2/4/08)
2008        Feb 4, In Chile Gen. Gonzalo Santelices, head of the Santiago army garrison, resigned amid accusations that he was involved in a case dating back to the nation's military dictatorship. Santelices had acknowledged that as a young lieutenant in October, 1973, he followed orders and transferred 14 prisoners from a jail in northern Chile to a desert area where they were executed by firing squad.
    (AP, 2/4/08)
2008        Feb 4, Hundreds of thousands of Colombians wearing white T-shirts marched in their homeland and abroad to demand that FARC, the country's largest rebel group, stop kidnapping people and release those it holds.
    (AP, 2/4/08)
2008        Feb 4, Tata Guines (b.1930), Cuban conga drummer, died. His six decade career helped popularize Afro-Cuban rhythms worldwide.
    (AP, 2/5/08)
2008        Feb 4, Dominican merchants closed a popular border market that caters to Haitians, punishing their impoverished neighbor for banning Dominican poultry and egg imports following an outbreak of avian flu.
    (AP, 2/4/08)
2008        Feb 4, EU nations gave preliminary approval to plans to send a 1,800-strong policing and administration mission to Kosovo to replace the current UN mission.
    (AP, 2/5/08)
2008        Feb 4, Egyptian forces and Palestinian gunmen exchanged fire at the Gaza-Egypt border, killing one person and wounding 59 others a day after Cairo closed the breached frontier with the Hamas-run enclave.
    (Reuters, 2/4/08)
2008        Feb 4, The UN Security Council sent a "firm and unwavering demand" that Eritrea immediately lift fuel restrictions hampering the efforts of peacekeepers monitoring a tense buffer zone between Ethiopia and Eritrea.
    (AP, 2/4/08)
2008        Feb 4, India and Pakistan signed an agreement to exchange security information, opening up a new channel of communication between the two nuclear-armed rivals.
    (AFP, 2/4/08)
2008        Feb 4, Iran said it launched a research rocket and unveiled its first major space center, which will be used to launch research satellites.
    (AP, 2/4/08)
2008        Feb 4, At least 3 Iraqis were killed and one child was injured after American soldiers stormed a tiny one-room house in the village of Adwar, 10 miles south of Tikrit, and opened fire. Iraqi police, relatives and neighbors said a couple and their son (19) were shot to death in their beds. Iraqi police said two young girls were wounded and one died the next day at a hospital.
    (AP, 2/5/08)
2008        Feb 4, In Israel a suicide bomber blew himself up in Dimona, the southern town that houses Israel's secretive nuclear reactor. An Israeli woman (73) was killed and 7 other people wounded. Police killed a 2nd attacker before he had a chance to detonate his explosives belt. An Israeli response killed 9 armed Hamas men. 
    (AP, 2/4/08)(Econ, 2/9/08, p.54)
2008        Feb 4, Kenya said violence over disputed elections had eased enough to lift a monthlong ban on live television broadcasts. The fighting has killed over 1,000 people and made 300,000 homeless since the Dec. 27 presidential election. Violence continued as former UN secretary-general Kofi Annan said the government and governing party have rejected his choice to lead mediation efforts. At least 7 people were killed overnight in battles between Kisii and Kalenjin communities 155 miles west of the capital.
    (AP, 2/4/08)
2008        Feb 4, In Pakistan a suicide bomber on a motorbike rammed into a minibus carrying security personnel, detonating a blast that killed at least six people and wounded more than 30 in the latest attack in the Pakistani garrison city of Rawalpindi.
    (AP, 2/4/08)
2008        Feb 4, In the Philippines at least 7 civilians, including four children, were killed during a military operation against al-Qaida-linked militants on southern Jolo island.
    (AP, 2/5/08)
2008        Feb 4, In Serbia Boris Tadic celebrated his re-election as president by pledging to stay on a pro-Western course despite nationalist anger over a looming declaration of independence by Kosovo province.
    (AP, 2/4/08)
2008        Feb 4, In northeastern Sri Lanka a roadside bomb attack blamed on Tamil Tiger rebels tore through a civilian bus. 14 people were killed and 15 injured in the Freedom day attack. According to the defense ministry, the rebels have lost at least 913 fighters since the beginning of the year, compared with just 37 government soldiers killed.
    (AP, 2/4/08)(AFP, 2/5/08)
2008        Feb 4, In southern Thailand a bomb exploded outside an Islamic boarding school, killing one person and wounding 12. A separate bombing wounded six people, in the latest violence attributed to an Islamic separatist rebellion that has entered its fifth year.
    (AP, 2/4/08)
2008        Feb 4, Turkey’s warplanes bombed some 70 Kurdish rebel targets in northern Iraq.
    (AP, 2/4/08)
2008        Feb 4, Ugandan rebels from the Lord's Resistance Army killed 136 people and looted property during an attack in and around Kajo-Keji in southern Sudan. In March officials said Sudanese renegades frustrated with not being absorbed into the military -- and not Ugandan rebels initially suspected -- were behind the attacks in south Sudan.
    (AFP, 2/8/08)(AFP, 3/15/08)
2008        Feb 4, Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said the UN has transferred $161 million from the defunct oil-for-food program to a development program for Iraq.
    (AP, 2/4/08)

2008        Feb 5, The US Treasury Dept. said it is imposing financial sanctions against family members of the military-run government of Myanmar and individuals it identified as key members of the financial empire of Tay Za.
    (SFC, 2/6/08, p.A7)
2008        Feb 5, Obama won 13 Super Tuesday states; Clinton, eight plus American Samoa. Clinton won California and scored the advantage in delegates, bring her total to 845 to Obama's 765, by the latest accounting. McCain won 9 states. Romney won 7 states. Huckabee said he would press on with his White House candidacy, emboldened by 5 wins in the South.
    (AP, 2/6/08)
2008        Feb 5, A US Court of Appeals rejected a decision giving Georgia a quarter of Lake Lanier’s capacity over the coming decades. It said such changes require congressional approval. Alabama and Florida had challenged the initial 2003 agreement.
    (WSJ, 2/6/08, p.A10)
2008        Feb 5, Storms swept across southeast US as Super Tuesday primaries were ending. At least 31 people were killed in Tennessee, 13 in Arkansas, 7 in Kentucky and four in Alabama. It was one of the 15 worst tornado death tolls since 1950, and the nation's deadliest barrage of tornadoes since 76 people were killed in Pennsylvania and Ohio on May 31, 1985. The death toll rose to 59.
    (AP, 2/6/08)(AP, 2/7/08)(WSJ, 2/8/08, p.A1)
2008        Feb 5, Renewed recession fears followed the release of US service sector data from the Institute of Supply Management. It showed activity moved rapidly into contraction in January.
    (FT, 2/5/08)
2008        Feb 5, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb hit a US-led coalition vehicle in Helmand province, killing one soldier and wounding two others.
    (AP, 2/6/08)
2008        Feb 5, A Bangladesh official said Abdul Kader Mollah, an employee of Titas Gas Distribution Company, the country’s biggest state-owned gas company, allegedly used his position to pocket a colossal 145 million dollars in bribes over 12 years. Mollah at the time earned a mere 100 dollars a month.
    (AFP, 2/5/08)
2008        Feb 5, Senior researchers at Britain's International Institute for Strategic Studies warned that "neo-Taliban" groups operating in Pakistan's tribal areas may soon become a global menace.
    (AP, 2/5/08)
2008        Feb 5, British scientists said they have created human embryos containing DNA from two women and a man in a procedure that researchers hope might be used one day to produce embryos free of inherited diseases.
    (AP, 2/5/08)
2008        Feb 5, Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao said "final victory" was in sight with transportation returning to normal after the worst winter in decades, but power outages remained a problem for millions. the former communist party boss of Olympic host city Qingdao was sentenced to life in prison for accepting hundreds of thousands of dollars in bribes. Du Shicheng was found guilty of taking $870,000 worth of bribes from 2000 to January 2006 while serving as the port city's most powerful official.
    (AP, 2/5/08)(AP, 2/6/08)
2008        Feb 5, In Guatemala 5 bus drivers were shot dead, each while driving passengers on different main roads into Guatemala City. 7 more were killed the following day, prompting their colleagues to go on strike for several days.
    (Econ, 3/22/08, p.40)
2008        Feb 5, Ching Cheong (58), a Hong Kong journalist charged with spying for Taiwan, was released from prison in mainland China after being detained for nearly three years.
    (AP, 2/5/08)
2008        Feb 5, A new Iraqi flag, stripped of the three green stars of Saddam Hussein's toppled Baath party, was hoisted over the Iraqi Cabinet building in a symbolic break with the past nearly five years after the US-led invasion. In Taji, north of Baghdad, a suicide bomber detonated his explosives near the convoy of a sheik working with US forces, killing two of his followers. Those killed were members of the Taji Awakening Council.
    (AP, 2/5/08)
2008        Feb 5, An Israeli airstrike in response to Qassam rockets killed 7 Hamas police officers near Khan Yunis. A barrage of rockets followed and battered Sderot less than a half mile from the Gaza fence, seriously wounding a woman just before the arrival of President Shimon Peres.
    (AP, 2/5/08)(SFC, 2/6/08, p.A7)(SFC, 2/7/08, p.A4)
2008        Feb 5, In Mozambique one person was killed and 63 were wounded in Maputo when police opened fire in a bid to break up violent protests against increases in bus fares. The local council of Tete said an outbreak of diarrhea in the flood-hit city has claimed the lives of 64 people since early January.
    (AP, 2/5/08)(AFP, 2/5/08)
2008        Feb 5, Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, a guru to the Beatles who introduced the West to transcendental meditation, died at his home in the Dutch town of Vlodrop.
    (AP, 2/6/08)(Econ, 2/16/08, p.95)
2008        Feb 5, In Rwanda Theoneste Niyitegeka, a doctor and one-time possible presidential candidate, was sentenced to 15 years in jail for his role in the country's 1994 genocide.
    (AFP, 2/6/08)
2008        Feb 5, Serbia's coalition government was on the verge of collapse over the European Union's plans to send a mission to Kosovo province.
    (AP, 2/5/08)
2008        Feb 5, In northeastern Somalia grenade attack killed 21 people and wounded 100 in Bossaso, Puntland.
    (AP, 2/6/08)
2008        Feb 5, A South African court sentenced Daniel Geiges (69), a Swiss engineer, for his part in an international nuclear smuggling ring. Geiges was given a 13-year suspended sentence on charges relating to a network run by disgraced Pakistan nuclear scientist A.Q. Khan. Geiges' former boss and co-accused, German engineer Gerhard Wisser was given an 18-year suspended sentenced last year in a plea agreement for his role in the network.
    (AP, 2/5/08)
2008        Feb 5, In South Africa 12 patients, including two children, were killed when their minibus overturned en route to a hospital in South Africa's Northern Cape province.
    (AP, 2/5/08)
2008        Feb 5, Simba Makoni, a senior member of Zimbabwe's ruling ZANU-PF party, said he would run for president at the March 29 election in the first major internal challenge to Robert Mugabe in 20 years.
    (Reuters, 2/5/08)
2008        Feb 5, UN officials said Ethiopia and Bangladesh have offered to jump-start the UN peacekeeping mission in Darfur by loaning it helicopters to fly troops and supplies around the vast region in western Sudan.
    (AP, 2/5/08)

2008        Feb 6, The US SEC settled with David Li, head of the Bank of East Asia, charges of insider trading regarding last year’s acquisition of Down Jones by News Corp. Michael Leung, another Hong Kong tycoon, and his family also settled for $8.1 million in disgorged profits and a similar amount in fines.
    (Econ, 2/9/08, p.83)
2008        Feb 6, The play “Betrayed" by George Packer opened at Manhattan's Culture Project. It was based on his article in the New Yorker concerning Iraqis, who have worked with American forces.
    (www.nytheatre.com/nytheatre/showpage.php?t=betr6202)
2008        Feb 6, Samba group Beija Flor was declared Brazil's carnival champion for the fifth time in six years. While Beija Flor's dancers were topless, the judges drew the line at going bottomless, penalizing the rival Sao Clemente group for breaking a rule against display of genitalia during its 80-minute parade.
    (AP, 2/7/08)
2008        Feb 6, PM Gordon Brown announced that evidence gathered through wiretapping will be allowed in British courts for the first time under proposals aimed at bringing more terrorism suspects to justice.
    (AP, 2/6/08)
2008        Feb 6, In China the Year of the Pig ended at midnight making way for Year of the Rat.
    (AFP, 2/6/08)
2008        Feb 6, Congo arrested and turned over for trial Mathieu Ngudjolo, an army colonel and former rebel leader accused of leading a deadly 2003 attack on a village in the country's lawless east. Ngudjolo was expected to arrive at the International Criminal Court in the Hague the next day.
    (AP, 2/7/08)
2008        Feb 6, Ecuador's Tungurahua volcano shot columns of ash miles into the air, as officials ordered the evacuation of 3,000 villagers living near its slopes.
    (AP, 2/6/08)
2008        Feb 6, In France 7 doctors and pharmacists went on trial for the deaths of more than 100 young people who died of a brain-destroying disease after being treated with tainted human growth hormones.
    (AP, 2/6/08)
2008        Feb 6, Iraqi and US officials said videotapes seized during US raids on suspected al-Qaida in Iraq hide-outs show the terror group training young boys to kidnap and assassinate civilians. A roadside bomb exploded near a police convoy transporting suspected Shiite militia fighters south of Baghdad, killing four passers-by and wounding nine other people. At least 19 people were killed or found dead across the country. The US military said that its troops, along with Iraqi forces, had killed seven suspected insurgents and detained 45 others in five days of raids across Iraq. The US military said videos seized from suspected al-Qaida in Iraq hideouts show militants training children who appear as young as 10 to kidnap and kill. A US soldier killed by a roadside bomb in western Baghdad.
    (AP, 2/6/08)(AP, 2/7/08)
2008        Feb 6, Israel launched airstrikes against militants firing rockets from the Gaza Strip on and vowed to maintain a war "on all fronts" until the territory's Hamas rulers halt attacks. Hamas rockets wounded two young sisters at Kibbutz Beeri.
    (AP, 2/6/08)(SFC, 2/7/08, p.A4)
2008        Feb 6, Italy's Pres. Giorgio Napolitano dissolved parliament, clearing the way for early elections just two years after the last parliamentary vote. Premier Romano Prodi will continue as caretaker premier until the election.
    (AP, 2/6/08)
2008        Feb 6, The Mozambican government announced that it was scrapping a planned increase in bus fares as the death toll from riots sparked by the price hikes rose to three.
    (AFP, 2/6/08)
2008        Feb 6, In Nigeria armed men killed a policeman in an overnight attack and kidnapped the wife of a prominent politician in Port Harcourt. She was released 2 days later.
    (AFP, 2/6/08)(AFP, 2/9/08)
2008        Feb 6, A coalition of Taliban militants in northwestern Pakistan declared an "indefinite" cease-fire in fighting against security forces. The government said it was preparing for peace talks. A Pakistani army helicopter crashed in the same region, killing three generals and five other soldiers. Gunmen on a motorbike shot dead a ethnic Pashtun politician in the southern Pakistani port city of Karachi, raising tensions ahead of elections later this month.
    (AP, 2/6/08)(AFP, 2/6/08)
2008        Feb 6, A Russian court suspended the trial of Vasily Aleksanian, an ailing former executive of the dismantled oil giant Yukos, but refused to release him from jail to be treated for AIDS-related cancer and tuberculosis.
    (AP, 2/6/08)
2008        Feb 6, In eastern Switzerland 2 paintings by Pablo Picasso (1881-1973) worth nearly five million Swiss francs (4.5 million dollars, 3.1 million euros) were stolen from a museum. The two oil paintings, "Tete de Cheval" from 1962 and "Verre et pichet" from 1944, were stolen from a cultural centre in the eastern town of Pfaeffikon.
    (AFP, 2/8/08)
2008        Feb 6, Thailand made an uneasy return to democracy with the swearing-in of a Cabinet dominated by loyalists to the prime minister ousted nearly 17 months ago in a military coup. Suspected Muslim insurgents detonated a bomb near a Chinese shrine in southern Thailand, killing one soldier and wounding six other people.
    (AP, 2/6/08)
2008        Feb 6, Ukraine's main opposition party vowed to continue its blockade of parliament, a day after fist fights and protests over NATO membership caused the president to cancel his state of the nation speech.
    (AP, 2/6/08)

2008        Feb 7, The US Congress passed an emergency plan that rushed rebates of $600 to $1,200 to most taxpayers and $300 checks to disabled veterans, the elderly and other low-income people. President Bush indicated he would sign the measure.
    (AP, 2/7/08)
2008        Feb 7, The US said it was barring 10 leading Kenyan politicians from entering the US, the first time Washington has blamed them for the postelection violence that has brought the African country to the brink of collapse.
    (AP, 2/7/08)
2008        Feb 7, Mitt Romney, former governor of Massachusetts, suspended his campaign for the Republican presidential nomination.
    (SFC, 2/8/08, p.A1)
2008        Feb 7, US prosecutors said Merck will pay $671 million to settle claims it overcharged government health programs for 4 drugs and gave doctors fees and gifts to induce them to prescribe the drugs. The case was triggered when a sales manager filed suit in 2001 and a Louisiana doctor exposed overcharging.
    (SFC, 2/8/08, p.C2)
2008        Feb 7, In Los Angeles a man barricaded himself in a house after telling police he had killed 3 relatives, then opened fire on a SWAT team, killing one officer and wounding another. Randall Simmons (51) was the first SWAT officer killed in the line of duty in the unit’s 41-year history.
    (AP, 2/7/08)(SFC, 2/8/08, p.A4)
2008        Feb 7, In Port Wentworth, Georgia, an explosion and fire at a sugar refinery owned by Imperial Sugar, based in Sugar Land, Texas, left 11 people dead. Imperial had acquired Savannah Foods & Industries, the producer of Dixie Crystals, in 1997. The acquisition doubled the size of the company, making it the largest processor and refiner of sugar in the US.
    (AP, 2/8/08)(SFC, 2/11/08, p.A10)(AP, 2/24/08)
2008        Feb 7, In Kirkwood, Missouri, a gunman stormed a council meeting, yelled "Shoot the mayor!" and opened fire, critically wounding Mayor Mike Swoboda (69), killing two police officers and three city officials. Swoboda died on Sep 6. Charles Le "Cookie" Thornton, who had lost a free-speech lawsuit against the St. Louis suburb 10 days earlier, was fatally shot by law enforcers. He had claimed in the past city leaders stifled and harassed him.
    (AP, 2/8/08)(SFC, 9/7/08, p.A3)
2008        Feb 7, In Portsmouth, Ohio, William Michael Layne (56) stabbed his estranged wife in front of her 5th grade class and girl friend in an alley behind her home and then shot himself dead in a standoff with police. Both women were in critical condition.
    (AP, 2/9/08)
2008        Feb 7, In Afghanistan a suicide car bomb targeting a NATO convoy left three soldiers lightly wounded in eastern Khost province. A bungled suicide attack hurt two civilians in southwestern Nimroz province.
    (AP, 2/8/08)
2008        Feb 7, In eastern Algeria suspected Islamist militants gunned down eight police officers in a late night ambush outside the village of Ain R'Ghiya. In a separate morning attack, another officer was killed and one injured in the village of Boukalfa.
    (AP, 2/8/08)
2008        Feb 7, A new security pact between Australia and Indonesia came into force at a ceremony in Perth attended by the foreign ministers of the at-times testy neighbors.
    (AP, 2/7/08)
2008        Feb 7, Belize's opposition United Democratic Party won a landslide victory in general elections, ending PM Said Musa's 10 years in office. UDP leader Dean Barrow was to be sworn in as the country's first black prime minister the next day.
    (AP, 2/8/08)(Econ, 2/16/08, p.44)
2008        Feb 7, Bolivia's foreign minister said that the world has an obligation to send aid to flood-ravaged areas, linking a disaster that has killed 49 people to global climate change.
    (AP, 2/8/08)
2008        Feb 7, The Bank of England’s monetary policy committee (MPC) lowered interest rates from 5,75% to 5.5%.
    (Econ, 2/9/08, p.63)
2008        Feb 7, Chadian President Idriss Deby Itno issued a "solemn call" for a European peacekeeping force for Darfur refugees, to deploy as soon as possible. The president also said he was "ready to pardon" six French aid workers convicted in December of trying to kidnap more than 100 children they said were orphans from Darfur.
    (AP, 2/7/08)(AFP, 2/7/08)
2008        Feb 7, Chile announced it will try to head off power rationing by cutting electrical voltage, distributing efficient light bulbs and extending daylight savings time.
    (AP, 2/7/08)
2008        Feb 7, In Egypt at least 29 people, including children, were killed and 16 injured in a traffic pileup blamed on early morning fog southeast of Cairo.
    (AP, 2/7/08)
2008        Feb 7, In Greece senior clergy elected Metropolitan Bishop Ieronymos of Thebes as the new leader of the powerful Orthodox Church to succeed the late Archbishop Christodoulos.
    (AP, 2/7/08)
2008        Feb 7, In western India Dynaneshwar Sathawane, a local leader of the ruling Congress party, was stripped, stoned and beaten to death by a mob during a rally of nearly 500 people in Maharashtra state.
    (AP, 2/9/08)
2008        Feb 7, Experts said Iran's nuclear project has developed its own version of an advanced centrifuge to churn out enriched uranium much faster than its previous machines.
    (AP, 2/7/08)
2008        Feb 7, In Iraq gunmen stormed a house near Baqouba, separated out the women and children inside and killed three brothers, all members of a US-backed neighborhood watch group. A roadside bomb killed three awakening council members and wounded eight others south of Baghdad. A truckload of weapons, ammunition and explosives were seized at an Iraqi police checkpoint at the entrance to Karbala. US troops captured an alleged Shiite militia leader and three other suspects in a raid south of Baghdad. 15 suspected militants were detained in sweeps through Sadr City, and one person was killed.
    (AP, 2/7/08)(AP, 2/8/08)
2008        Feb 7, Israeli ground forces backed by warplanes exchanged fire with Hamas gunmen in the northern Gaza Strip, killing a teacher and six militants in escalating violence that is hobbling peace efforts. Israeli troops entered the town of Qabatiya before dawn to arrest an Islamic Jihad militant. Soldiers shot a mentally disabled man, Taysir Nazal (56), as he emerged from his home, in his legs. Nazal died from his wounds on Feb 14.
    (AP, 2/7/08)(AP, 2/14/08)
2008        Feb 7, Authorities in Italy and the US conducted raids targeting dozens of alleged members of Mafia clans who controlled drug trafficking between the two sides of the Atlantic. A 169-page indictment in the US went back 3 decades and included at least 7 murders. The main targets in NY included 3 of the “five families" controlling organized crime in America: the Genovese, Bonanno and Gambino families.
    (AP, 2/7/08)(Econ, 2/16/08, p.41)
2008        Feb 7, Libya’s National Oil Corp and Indonesia signed a deal for the north African state to supply the world's most populous Muslim nation with crude oil for the next 20 years.
    (AFP, 2/7/08)
2008        Feb 7, Mexican soldiers seized nearly 10 tons of marijuana, a machine gun, scores of assault rifles and three grenades in a raid just across the border from Texas.
    (AP, 2/8/08)
2008        Feb 7, NATO defense ministers held talks on Afghanistan in Lithuania. France agreed to help Canada in fighting the Taliban in southern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 2/8/08)
2008        Feb 7, Nepalese authorities arrested Amit Kumar, the alleged mastermind of a shadowy organ transplant operation in India that illegally removed hundreds of kidneys, sometimes from unwilling donors, at a jungle resort in southern Nepal (see Jan 30).
    (AP, 2/8/08)
2008        Feb 7, Pakistani police arrested two suspects in the suicide attack that killed opposition leader Benazir Bhutto. A team from Scotland Yard returned to Pakistan to report the conclusions of their probe into the assassination. 3 men were killed and 13 others wounded when a bomb exploded in southwestern Baluchistan province.
    (AP, 2/7/08)
2008        Feb 7, The OSCE’s election monitoring organization said that it will not observe Russia's presidential election next month because of the "severe restrictions" imposed by the Kremlin.
    (AP, 2/7/08)
2008        Feb 7, In Sri Lanka government troops attacked rebel bunkers along the northern front lines, triggering gunbattles that killed 34 rebels and one soldier.
    (AP, 2/9/08)
2008        Feb 7, Tanzania's PM Edward Lowassa and two Cabinet ministers resigned over a corruption scandal involving a contract with a nonexistent firm supposedly based in the US. Pres. Jakaya Kikwete dissolved the entire Cabinet as a result.
    (AP, 2/8/08)
2008        Feb 7, Turkey’s lawmakers voted to approve a constitutional amendment allowing female students to enter universities wearing Islamic head scarves, a move that many secular Turks view as an attempt to impose religion on their daily lives.
    (AP, 2/7/08)
2008        Feb 7, The WHO warned in a new report that the "tobacco epidemic" is growing and could claim 1 billion lives by the end of the century unless governments dramatically step up efforts to curb smoking.
    (AP, 2/8/08)

2008        Feb 8, Pres. Bush reached his lowest approval rating in an Associated Press-Ipsos poll as only 30% said they like the job he is doing, including an all-time low in his support by Republicans. Congress' approval fell to just 22%, equaling its poorest grade in the survey.
    (AP, 2/8/08)
2008        Feb 8, It was reported that Exxon Mobil Corp. has obtained a court order freezing over $12 billion in bank accounts and assets in Europe, the Caribbean and New York belonging to Venezuela’s state oil company in a dispute over compensation for expropriated assets.
    (WSJ, 2/8/08, p.A3)
2008        Feb 8, The Nebraska Supreme Court ruled 6-1 that the electric chair is cruel and unusual punishment. The state planned to seek a new method of execution.
    (SFC, 2/9/08, p.A2)
2008        Feb 8, In Louisiana Latina Williams (23) shot and killed 2 fellow students, Karsheika Graves (21) and Taneshia Butler (26), at Louisiana Technical College.
    (SFC, 2/9/08, p.A4)
2008        Feb 8, The Nebraska Supreme Court declared the electric chair unconstitutional.
    (Econ, 2/16/08, p.39)
2008        Feb 8, A suicide car bomber blew himself up near a convoy of Afghan troops, killing one soldier and a child who was nearby. Another four soldiers and a child were also wounded in the attack in central Ghazni province.
    (AP, 2/8/08)
2008        Feb 8, Australia's widely criticized "Pacific Solution" policy of holding asylum seekers on remote islands ended when the last detainees flew out of Nauru to live in Australia.
    (AFP, 2/8/08)
2008        Feb 8, In western Austria a fire engulfed a home for the elderly, killing at least 11 people.
    (AP, 2/9/08)
2008        Feb 8, Canada said it planned to keep its 2,500-strong military mission in Afghanistan until some time in 2011, two years longer than initially scheduled.
    (AP, 2/8/08)
2008        Feb 8, The UN said it is being forced to prepare an imminent pullout from Eritrea and plans to relocate all its peacekeeping troops there across the border in Ethiopia.
    (AP, 2/9/08)
2008        Feb 8, Former UN chief Kofi Annan, who is mediating talks between Kenya's political rivals, said they were close to a deal aimed at ending weeks of postelection bloodshed but no power-sharing agreement had been reached yet.
    (AP, 2/8/08)
2008        Feb 8, France’s President Nicolas Sarkozy pledged to send thousands of extra police and more than $700 million in aid to neglected, heavily immigrant neighborhoods that exploded in riots in 2005 and 2006.
    (AP, 2/8/08)
2008        Feb 8, In the Indian-controlled part of Kashmir avalanches killed at least eight people and forced hundreds more to leave their snowbound villages.
    (AP, 2/8/08)
2008        Feb 8, Iraqi President Jalal Talabani welcomed an expected Russian decision to write off 91 percent of Iraq's estimated $13 billion debt, calling it a "historic turning point" in relations between the two countries. 5 American soldiers were killed in two roadside bombings, 4 in Baghdad and one in Tamim province.
    (AP, 2/8/08)(AP, 2/9/08)
2008        Feb 8, In New Zealand a knife-wielding woman (33), originally from Somalia, tried to hijack a regional domestic flight, stabbing both pilots and threatening to blow up the twin-propeller plane before she was subdued.
    (AP, 2/8/08)
2008        Feb 8, A presidential statement said Nigeria has approved a new policy requiring gas producers to direct a part of their output to the domestic market, rather than exporting it.
    (AP, 2/8/08)
2008        Feb 8, Scotland Yard released a report saying that Pakistan's opposition leader Benazir Bhutto died as a result of a suicide bomb blast, not a gunshot. The findings supported the Pakistani government's version of the events.
    (AP, 2/8/08)
2008        Feb 8, Palestinian militants launched nearly 20 rockets at Israel hours after Israel began cutting electricity to the Gaza Strip in an attempt to halt the barrages.
    (AP, 2/8/08)
2008        Feb 8, In Rwanda members of the Chamber of Deputies (Lower House) of Parliament voted in favor of a controversial new law aimed at stopping "genocide ideology," a term for the outlook that perpetrators of genocide foster to fan divisive hate campaigns between different groups of Rwandans. Parliament adopted the law in June.
    (www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp1_375_Rwanda)(http://tinyurl.com/dnxogn)
2008        Feb 8, In Sri Lanka gunbattles along the front lines in the northern districts of Jaffna, Mannar and Vavuniya killed 41 Tamil Tiger rebels and three soldiers.
    (AP, 2/9/08)
2008        Feb 8, The Sudanese military said it bombed 3 towns in West Darfur while striking at rebel forces. Rebels said Sudanese government aircraft, army and militia attacked towns in West Darfur state, causing heavy civilian casualties. A rebel chief said Sudanese troops backed by Janjaweed militia left at least 150 dead and wounded in the assault. A Sudanese employee of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) was killed in Darfur. On March 20 the UN accused the Sudanese army of looting towns and raping girls and women during the attacks on Sirba, Sileia and Abu Suruj. The attacks killed at least 115 people and caused some 30,000 to flee their homes.
    (AP, 2/8/08)(AFP, 2/8/08)(AFP, 2/12/08)(SFC, 3/21/08, p.A11)
2008        Feb 8, Officials said that the WTO has ruled against the EU's import tariffs for bananas, possibly opening the door to millions of dollars in US commercial sanctions.
    (AP, 2/8/08)

2008        Feb 9, Sen. Barack Obama swept the Louisiana primary and caucuses in Nebraska and Washington state, slicing into Sen. Hillary Rodham Clinton's slender delegate lead in their historic race for the Democratic presidential nomination. Obama also won almost 90% in the Virgin Islands. McCain narrowly won Washington while Huckabee took Kansas along with a narrow win in Louisiana.
    (AP, 2/10/08)(SSFC, 2/10/08, p.A1)
2008        Feb 9, In San Mateo County, Ca., police found John Alfred Dennis Jr. (59), an Oakland historian and respected college teacher, slain in a vehicle at Montara State Beach. Troy Tyrone Thomas (43), the driver of the vehicle, was arrested. Dennis had mentored Thomas for some years. On July 7 Thomas pleaded guilty and faced life in prison.
    (SFC, 2/11/08, p.D1)(SFC, 2/12/08, p.B1)(SFC, 7/10/08, p.B2)
2008        Feb 9, Michigan’s unemployment rate topped the nation at 7.6%.
    (Econ, 2/9/08, p.31)
2008        Feb 9, A massive fire in London's famed Camden market caused extensive damage to the market and area buildings.
    (AP, 2/10/08)
2008        Feb 9, Egypt's highest civil court ruled that 12 Coptic Christians who had converted to Islam could return to their old faith, ending a yearlong legal battle over the predominantly Muslim state's tolerance for conversion.
    (AP, 2/9/08)
2008        Feb 9, The French government suspended the use of genetically modified corn crops in France while it awaits EU approval for a full ban.
    (AP, 2/9/08)
2008        Feb 9, In Haiti a man blamed for kidnappings in the Port-au-Prince suburb of Petionville was pummeled with rocks and killed by neighbors in the seaside Cite Soleil slum. The next day UN and Haitian police rescued a suspected kidnapper (27) from a mob in downtown Port-au-Prince.
    (AP, 2/11/08)
2008        Feb 9, In India Baba Amte (93), founder of a leper center in Warora (1951), died at the center in western Maharashtra state.
    (SFC, 2/22/08, p.B9)(Econ, 3/1/08, p.93)
2008        Feb 9, A stampede at an Indonesian punk rock concert left 10 people dead and dozens more injured, most of them teenagers.
    (AP, 2/10/08)
2008        Feb 9, Iraqi police killed Abu Omar al-Dori, a local al-Qaida in Iraq leader, in his home in Samarra. 12 decomposed bodies were discovered in a mass grave near Baqouba. Iraqi police arrested 31 Shiite activists in early morning raids south of Baghdad.
    (AP, 2/9/08)
2008        Feb 9, An 8-year-old boy lost his leg in a rocket attack on Sderot, one of the 11 rockets fired at southern Israel. Four Israeli airstrikes after the attack killed a Gaza gunman and targeted weapons-making operations of the Islamic militant Hamas group.
    (AP, 2/10/08)
2008        Feb 9, In Japan the world's leading economies pledged to work together to secure stability in volatile markets but brushed off the idea of a single uniform remedy for the Group of Seven (G7) industrialized nations.
    (AP, 2/9/08)
2008        Feb 9, Raila Odinga, Kenya's opposition leader, demanded that Pres. Kibaki resign, a sharp turnaround from his conciliatory tone during talks with the government earlier this week.
    (AP, 2/9/08)
2008        Feb 9, In northwestern Pakistan a suicide bomber struck at an election rally in Peshawar, killing 27 people and wounding more than 25.
    (AP, 2/9/08)(AP, 2/10/08)
2008        Feb 9, Sudan and the African Union-UN peacekeeping mission for Darfur signed an agreement determining how the joint force will operate, capping weeks of drawn-out negotiations.
    (AP, 2/10/08)
2008        Feb 9, Turkey’s parliament voted to amend the constitution to lift a decades-old ban on Islamic head scarves at Turkey's universities, despite fierce opposition from the secular establishment.
    (AP, 2/9/08)

2008        Feb 10, In the Grammy Awards Amy Winehouse won five of the six awards for which she was nominated. Album of the Year went to jazzman Herbie Hancock for his Joni Mitchell tribute album. Barack Obama won best spoken word album for the audio version of his book "The Audacity Of Hope: Thoughts On Reclaiming The American Dream."
    (AP, 2/11/08)
2008        Feb 10, Barack Obama added the Maine Democratic presidential caucus to the three contests he swept a day earlier against rival Hillary Rodham Clinton.
    (AP, 2/11/08)
2008        Feb 10, Steve Gerber (80), the comic book writer and creator whose signature character was the alienated, cigar-chomping Howard the Duck, died in Las Vegas. Gerber, who also co-created Marvel's "Omega the Unknown" and created the 1980s animated series "Thundarr the Barbarian," suffered from pulmonary fibrosis.
    (AP, 2/15/08)
2008        Feb 10, Roy Scheider (b.1932), actor and a one-time boxer, died. His broken nose and pugnacious acting style made him a star in "The French Connection." He later uttered "You're gonna need a bigger boat," one of cinematic history's most memorable lines in "Jaws."
    (AP, 2/11/08)(SFC, 2/11/08, p.A2)
2008        Feb 10, Ray J. Wu, Chinese-born professor at Cornell Univ. and creator of a transgenic rice, died.
    (WSJ, 2/16/08, p.A6)
2008        Feb 10, State media reported that China has lost about one tenth of its forest resources to recent snow storms regarded as the most severe in half a century.
    (AP, 2/10/08)
2008        Feb 10, The Africa Cup of Nations, a biennial soccer tournament held this year in Ghana, ended with Egypt’s defeat of Cameroon 1-0.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2008_African_Cup_of_Nations)
2008        Feb 10, In northern Iraq car bombs and gunmen struck new US allies, police and civilians. At least 80 people were reported killed or found dead in a spasm of violence that coincided with a visit by US Defense Secretary Robert Gates to Baghdad. A US soldier was killed in a roadside bombing. 8 masked gunmen wielding machine guns stormed the Sultan Palace Hotel in Basra and seized a British reporter and his Iraqi interpreter.
    (AP, 2/11/08)(SFC, 2/11/08, p.A14)(AP, 2/12/08)
2008        Feb 10, In Nigeria 6 people, including three policemen, were killed in a gun battle with robbers in Nigeria's commercial city Lagos.
    (AFP, 2/11/08)
2008        Feb 10, Norway closed its embassy in the Afghan capital because of terror threats.
    (AP, 2/11/08)
2008        Feb 10, In South Korea a fire destroyed the 610-year old wooden structure at the top of the Namdaemun gate. The two-tiered wooden structure was renovated in the 1960s, when it was declared South Korea's top national treasure. The next day police arrested a man, who admitted to the arson. Chae Jong-ki (69) was later convicted of violating the Cultural Properties Protection Law and sentenced to 10 years in prison.
    (AP, 2/11/08)(SFC, 2/12/08, p.A16)(AP, 4/24/08)
2008        Feb 10, The UN refugee agency said up to 12,000 "terrified" refugees from Sudan's Darfur region have fled across the border to neighboring Chad after the latest air strikes by the Sudanese military and thousands more may be on their way.
    (AP, 2/10/08)
2008        Feb 10, In Switzerland armed robbers stole paintings by Cezanne, Degas, van Gogh and Monet worth $163.2 million from the E.G. Buehrle Collection in Zurich, one of Europe's finest private museums for Impressionist and post-Impressionist art.
    (AP, 2/11/08)
2008        Feb 10, President Hugo Chavez threatened to cut off oil sales to the United States in an "economic war" if Exxon Mobil Corp. wins court judgments to seize billions of dollars in Venezuelan assets.
    (AP, 2/10/08)

2008        Feb 11, A US defense official, an ex-Boeing engineer and two others were charged in 2 separate spy cases with spying for China involving sensitive military and aerospace secrets, including on the space shuttle. Dongfan Chung, a longtime aerospace worker in Southern California, was indicted for allegedly passing classified documents to China in an elaborate espionage endeavor that spanned two decades and exposed trade secrets from the space shuttle, the Delta IV rocket and the C-17 military transport aircraft. In 2010 Chung was sentenced to over 15 years in prison.
    (http://articles.latimes.com/2008/feb/12/nation/na-espionage12)(SFC, 2/12/08, p.A3)(SFC, 2/9/10, p.A4)
2008        Feb 11, William Lerach (61), a former partner at a well-known New York law firm, was sentenced to two years in federal prison for his role in a lucrative kickback scheme involving class-action lawsuits against some of the nation's biggest corporations. Authorities said Lerach's former firm, now known as Milberg Weiss, made an estimated $250 million over two decades by filing legal actions on behalf of professional plaintiffs who received kickbacks.
    (AP, 2/11/08)
2008        Feb 11, It was reported that Patricia Cornwell (51), crime novelist, was donating $1 million to NYC’s John Jay College of Criminal Justice to help start a Crime Scene Academy.
    (WSJ, 2/11/08, p.B7)
2008        Feb 11, It was reported that Ronald Fearing, Berkeley professor in electrical engineering, has invented a tape-like substance based on the physics used by geckos to scoot upside-down across ceilings.
    (SFC, 2/11/08, p.C1)
2008        Feb 11, Dow Jones added Chevron and Bank of America to its DJIA index in place of Altria Group and Honeywell Int’l.
    (SFC, 2/12/08, p.C1)
2008        Feb 11, Rep. Tom Lantos (80) of California, the only Holocaust survivor to serve in Congress, died.
    (AP, 2/11/08)
2008        Feb 11, Frank Piasecki (b.1919), helicopter pioneer and test pilot, died. In 1940 he co-founded P-V Engineering Forum (1940) with Howard Venzie. In 1960 Piasecki Helicopter Corp. merged with Boeing Airplane Co.
    (WSJ, 2/16/08, p.A6)
2008        Feb 11, President Evo Morales declared a US Embassy security officer to be an "undesirable person" after reports that the officer asked an American scholar and 30 Peace Corps volunteers to pass along information about Cubans and Venezuelans working in Bolivia.
    (AP, 2/11/08)
2008        Feb 11, In London the price of platinum struck an historic high nearing $1,900 on supply disruptions caused by power shortages in South Africa, the white metal's biggest producer.
    (AP, 2/11/08)
2008        Feb 11, Chad's PM Nouradin Koumakoye demanded that the international community remove refugees who have fled to Chad from Sudan's Darfur region.
    (AP, 2/11/08)
2008        Feb 11, A Cairo appeals court acquitted Howayda Taha, an Al-Jazeera journalist sentenced to six months over a film that highlighted torture in Egyptian police stations, but it still upheld a fine against her.
    (AFP, 2/11/08)
2008        Feb 11, Rebel soldiers shot and critically wounded East Timor's Pres. Jose Ramos-Horta, and opened fire on PM Xanana Gusmao, in a failed coup attempt in the recently independent nation. Rebel leader Alfredo Reinado and one of his men were killed in the attack on the home of Ramos-Horta, while one of the president's guards also died. In 2010 Angelita Pires (43), an Australian woman, was cleared of the attempted assassination. Prosecutors had stated that she had persuaded her lover, rebel leader Alfredo Reinado, to mount the attack. 23 others were sentenced to jail terms ranging from nine to 16 years. 4 others were acquitted.
    (AP, 2/11/08)(AP, 3/3/10)
2008        Feb 11, Twin car bombs struck near the compound of Abdul-Aziz al-Hakim, one of Iraq's most powerful Shiite politicians, killing at least six civilians and wounding 20.
    (AP, 2/11/08)
2008        Feb 11, In Japan US Staff Sergeant Tyrone Luther Hadnott was arrested after a 14-year-old girl said he raped her in his car. Hadnott was released Feb 29 after the girl withdrew her criminal complaint against him. He still faced a US military investigation. On May 16 Hadnott (38) was found guilty of abusive sexual conduct and sentenced to four years in prison.
    (AFP, 2/12/08)(AP, 3/1/08)(AP, 5/16/08)
2008        Feb 11, Gunmen killed a Nigerian naval officer and forced several others to dive for their lives into the water in oil-rich southern Rivers State.
    (AFP, 2/11/08)
2008        Feb 11, Pakistani security forces critically wounded Mansoor Dadullah, a top figure in the Taliban militia, among six militants captured after a firefight near the border. Nisar Ali Khan, an independent candidate running in next week's parliamentary elections, was killed along with seven supporters in a suicide attack in North Waziristan. Pakistani lawyers began a nationwide boycott of the courts to pressure the president to reinstate senior judges he sacked under a state of emergency more than three months ago. Pakistani envoy, Tariq Azizuddin, was heading to the Afghan capital Kabul with his driver when they disappeared in the lawless Khyber tribal district. Azizuddin was released on May 17. 2 technicians from the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission were abducted by masked men in the country's northwest.
    (AP, 2/11/08)(AFP, 2/12/08)(AP, 5/17/08)
2008        Feb 11, Spanish police arrested at least 13 members of the outlawed Basque separatist party Batasuna in a crackdown on groups linked to the armed organization ETA before next month's elections.
    (AP, 2/11/08)
2008        Feb 11, Uruguay President Tabare Vazquez ousted his ministers of defense, foreign affairs and industry, saying he was seeking a better team for his final two years in office.
    (AP, 2/12/08)

2008        Feb 12, US Treasury Sec. Henry Paulson and 6 major lenders announced a new initiative to help seriously delinquent homeowners stave off foreclosure.
    (SFC, 2/13/08, p.C1)
2008        Feb 12, Barack Obama won 75% of the vote in Washington DC, nearly two-thirds in Virginia and approximately 60% in Maryland. McCain's victory in Virginia was a relatively close one, the result of an outpouring of religious conservatives who backed Mike Huckabee.
    (AP, 2/13/08)
2008        Feb 12, A US federal appeals court has overturned a statute outlawing sex toy sales in Texas, one of the last states, all in the South, to retain such a ban.
    (AP, 2/13/08)
2008        Feb 12, The Writers Guild of America voted to end their 3-month strike.
    (SFC, 2/13/08, p.A4)
2008        Feb 12, US filmmaker Steven Spielberg abandoned his role in the Beijing Olympics and a host of prominent figures accused China of not doing enough to press its ally Sudan to end devastating violence in Darfur.
    (AFP, 2/13/08)
2008        Feb 12, Speedo introduced its new LZR Racer swimsuit. By June 38 of 42 world swimming records were broken by swimmers wearing the suit.
    (Econ, 6/14/08, p.100)(http://tinyurl.com/44xc9v)
2008        Feb 12, Brandon McInerney (14) shot and killed Larry King, a gay classmate in Ventura County, Ca. On Nov 21, 2011, McInerney pleaded guilty to the murder charge, as well as one count each of voluntary manslaughter and use of a firearm. On Dec 19 McInerney was sentenced to 21 years in prison. 
    (SFC, 8/12/11, p.C5)(AP, 11/21/11)(AP, 12/19/11)
2008        Feb 12, General Motors Corp. reported a $38.7 billion loss for 2007, the largest annual loss ever for an automotive company, and said it is making a new round of buyout offers to US hourly workers in hopes of replacing some of them with lower-paid help.
    (AP, 2/12/08)
2008        Feb 12, US astronauts attached Europe’s $2 billion space lab to the int’l. space station.
    (SFC, 2/12/08, p.A8)
2008        Feb 12, In Manhattan psychologist Kathryn Faughey (56) died in her Upper East Side office after being stabbed 15 times with a cleaver and knife. Psychiatrist Kent Shinbach was also slashed in the attack. The assailant escaped. David Tarloff (39) was arrested on Feb 16. He blamed Faughey for having institutionalized him 17 years earlier.
    (SFC, 2/14/08, p.A3)(SSFC, 2/17/08, p.A2)
2008        Feb 12, In Afghanistan’s Khost province a roadside bomb killed 4 Afghan guards working for the US military.
    (AP, 2/13/08)
2008        Feb 12, England's commissioner for children and a civil liberties group joined in on a campaign to ban high-frequency devices intended to drive misbehaving children away from shops and other areas.
    (AP, 2/12/08)
2008        Feb 12, Badri Patarkatsishvili (52), a Georgian tycoon, was found dead in his mansion near London. Police said they were treating the death as suspicious. He had claimed he was the target of assassination plot after helping lead anti-government protests in his homeland. He had built his fortune in Russia, where he became Berezovsky's business partner. However, the two men claimed in British court documents that the Russian government forced them to sell their stakes in oil company Sibneft, Russian Aluminum and television channel ORT for a fraction of their value. Interim tests indicated that Patarkatsishvili died of natural causes.
    (AP, 2/13/08)(AP, 2/14/08)
2008        Feb 12, In Canada at least 22 people, including a minor, have been charged in what police said was one of Central Canada's biggest investigations of Internet child pornography.
    (AP, 2/13/08)
2008        Feb 12, China and Russia challenged the United States at a disarmament debate by formally presenting a plan to ban weapons in space, a proposal that Washington has called a diplomatic ploy by the two nations to gain a military advantage.
    (AP, 2/12/08)
2008        Feb 12, In southwestern China a bus veered off a highway and plunged down a 160-foot cliff into a river, killing at least 21 people.
    (AP, 2/12/08)
2008        Feb 12, Danish police said they have arrested three people suspected of plotting to kill one of the 12 cartoonists behind the Prophet Muhammad drawings that sparked a deadly uproar in the Muslim world two years ago.
    (AP, 2/12/08)
2008        Feb 12, East Timor declared a state of emergency. Australian troops and a warship arrived to boost security after rebel attacks on the country's two top leaders left the president in "extremely serious" condition with gunshot wounds.
    (AP, 2/12/08)
2008        Feb 12, European Union antitrust regulators raided Intel Corp. and computer resellers searching for evidence that they may have broken cartel or monopoly rules.
    (AP, 2/12/08)
2008        Feb 12, The EU resumed deployment of a much-awaited peacekeeping force for two countries neighboring Sudan's troubled Darfur region.
    (AP, 2/12/08)
2008        Feb 12, President Nicolas Sarkozy said France is ready to transfer technology to Brazil so that an attack submarine, helicopters and the Rafale fighter plane can be built there.
    (AP, 2/12/08)
2008        Feb 12, Hisham Michwit Hamdan (27), an Iraqi journalist who disappeared after leaving his offices two days ago to buy some supplies, was found shot to death in central Baghdad. A police officer was killed and two others wounded when gunmen in a speeding car attacked their patrol just south of Basra. Gunmen opened fire on a school bus in Diyala province, killing two girls and a boy and wounding the driver and two other pupils. The attack happened as the bus traveled between the predominantly Sunni town of Kanaan and the mainly Shiite town of Balad Ruz. Iraqi police and forensics officials said a mass grave with 13 decomposed bodies was uncovered in an orchard near Muqdadiyah.
    (AP, 2/12/08)
2008        Feb 12, Israel said it plans to build 1,000 homes in East Jerusalem, angering Palestinians who said the move undermines efforts for a peace deal.
    (WSJ, 2/13/08, p.A1)
2008        Feb 12, A boat was wrecked off southern Morocco leaving 24 African migrants missing, but 11 others were rescued.
    (AFP, 2/13/08)
2008        Feb 12, In Myanmar supporters of opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi protested to demand democracy in Myanmar, days after the military regime said it would hold elections in 2010 under a new constitution likely to entrench the junta's powerful position.
    (AP, 2/12/08)
2008        Feb 12, In Pakistan new army chief Gen. Ashfaq Parvez Kayani ordered the withdrawal of military officers from the government’s civil departments.
    (SFC, 2/13/08, p.A4)
2008        Feb 12, The Philippine government called for calm amid growing street protests calling for President Gloria Arroyo to resign over a corruption scandal which has implicated her husband and a close aide.
    (AP, 2/12/08)
2008        Feb 12, Russia agreed to eliminate a murky middleman company from its gas trade with Ukraine in exchange for 50% share of Ukraine’s domestic gas market.
    (WSJ, 2/13/08, p.A5)
2008        Feb 12, In northern Somalia gunmen kidnapped a German aid worker after exchanging fire with his bodyguards. The next day Somaliland forces freed him from gunmen.
    (AP, 2/12/08)(AP, 2/13/08)
2008        Feb 12, South Africa’s security minister announced that the government is dissolving an elite graft-busting unit set up by prosecutors, in the latest twist in a struggle between South Africa's crime-fighting agencies.
    (AP, 2/12/08)
2008        Feb 12, South Korea held its first-ever trial by jury as part of reform measures aimed at increasing confidence in the judicial system. A nine-member jury in Daegu heard the case of a man (27) accused of assaulting a woman (70) while trying to burglarize her house. By South Korean law, the findings of jury are nonbinding, with the final verdict still resting in the hands of a judge, as in the past. Juries will be used at the request of defendants in some criminal cases.
    (AP, 2/12/08)
2008        Feb 12, Tiger rebels shelled a key base in northern Sri Lanka, killing six soldiers and wounding 10, as the defense ministry said the rebels sustained heavy losses in new fighting.
    (AP, 2/12/08)
2008        Feb 12, In Syria Imad Mughniyeh (45), the suspected mastermind of dramatic attacks on the US Embassy and US Marine barracks that killed hundreds of Americans in Lebanon in the 1980s, died in a car bombing. Hezbollah and its Iranian backers blamed Israel for the killing. Israel denied involvement and said it was looking into the death. Mughniyeh, a Lebanese Shia,  was recruited by Ali Hassan Salameh (d.1979), the chief of operations officer of Black September. In 2015 the Washington Post reported that the CIA and Israel's spy agency Mossad were behind the plot.
    (AP, 2/13/08)(Econ, 6/7/14, p.88)(AFP, 1/31/15)
2008        Feb 12, Venezuela's state petroleum company PDVSA said it suspended oil supplies to ExxonMobil in retaliation for the US energy giant's effort to freeze billions of dollars in global PDVSA assets.
    (AP, 2/12/08)

2008        Feb 13, President Bush signed legislation to rush rebates ranging from $300 to $1,200 to millions of people, the centerpiece of government efforts to brace the wobbly economy. First, though, you must file your 2007 tax return.
    (AP, 2/14/08)
2008        Feb 13, A prosecutor in Buffalo, NY, announced that a woman, who spent 13 years in prison after being convicted of strangling her 13-year-old daughter, was exonerated by forensic evidence showing she died of a cocaine overdose. Lynn DeJac (44) insisted that a former boyfriend was responsible.
    (AP, 2/13/08)
2008        Feb 13, NY Gov. Eliot Spitzer hired a prostitute in Washington, DC, and paid her $4,300. News of this broke on March 10, when he apologized to his family and the public.
    (WSJ, 3/11/08, p.A1)
2008        Feb 13, In Afghanistan an Italian soldier was killed in an ambush while he was distributing food and clothes to civilians. A roadside bomb struck Afghan security forces killing 3 people and wounding four in the Musa Qala district. In western Afghanistan Taliban militants freed the last six hostages from a group of 21 men abducted Feb 10, while they hunted for rare birds in Farah province. US-led coalition swoops on Taliban leaders in Uruzgan and Zabul provinces left several insurgents dead. 2 civilians transporting construction materials were blown up by a rebel bomb.
    (AP, 2/13/08)(AFP, 2/14/08)
2008        Feb 13, Australians watched a live broadcast of their government apologizing for policies that degraded its indigenous people. PM Rudd said Australians had reached a time in their history when they must face up to their past to be able to cope with the future. Aborigines numbered about 450,000 in Australia's population of 21 million.
    (AP, 2/13/08)
2008        Feb 13, The WTO condemned China for the first time for taxing imports of auto parts at the same rate as foreign-made finished cars.
    (SFC, 2/14/08, p.C3)
2008        Feb 13, In Colombia a delegation of visiting US union leaders expressed alarm at what its members called a steady erosion of labor rights in the world's deadliest country for organized labor.
    (AP, 2/14/08)
2008        Feb 13, The EU's top justice official called for a massive shake-up of the bloc's border security, recommending that all visitors be screened and fingerprinted and a satellite surveillance system be set up to keep illegal migrants out.
    (AP, 2/13/08)
2008        Feb 13, In Greece thousands of demonstrators marched through Athens and Thessaloniki to protest government social security reforms as a Greek general strike shut down schools, hospitals and all public services.
    (AP, 2/13/08)
2008        Feb 13, Iraq's parliament passed three key pieces of legislation that set a date for provincial elections, allot $48 billion for 2008 spending, and provide limited amnesty to detainees in Iraqi custody. Following the session the parliament began a five-week holiday.
    (AP, 2/13/08)
2008        Feb 13, In Italy police raided sites in Calabria and issued arrest warrants for 57 people, including politicians, bankers and businessmen, in the latest mafia sweep targeting drug trafficking and extortion rackets.
    (AP, 2/13/08)
2008        Feb 13, Kenya's rival parties sequestered themselves at a luxury lodge in a game park as they attempted to hammer out a peace deal to end weeks of bloodshed.
    (AP, 2/13/08)
2008        Feb 13, Malaysia’s government dissolved Parliament, opening the way for elections.
    (WSJ, 2/14/08, p.A1)
2008        Feb 13, In Nepal a shortage of fuel prompted by strikes and protests in the south forced the shutdown of much of the capital's public transportation system.
    (AP, 2/13/08)
2008        Feb 13, In Nigeria at least seven people were killed and several more were trapped when a four-storey building collapsed in Lagos.
    (AFP, 2/14/08)
2008        Feb 13, In Pakistan a roadside bomb exploded as a crowd was leaving a political rally in the Swat Valley, killing one man and wounding a candidate for next week's elections.
    (AP, 2/13/08)
2008        Feb 13, Vuk Obradovic (61), a former Yugoslav army general who was one of the opposition leaders who toppled strongman Slobodan Milosevic, died.
    (AP, 2/13/08)
2008        Feb 13, Zimbabwean opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai urged South African President Thabo Mbeki to show some "courage" and pressure Robert Mugabe ahead of next month's elections. Former finance minister Simba Makoni pledged to heal the wounds of Zimbabwe as he unveiled his manifesto for next month's election battle against veteran President Robert Mugabe.
    (AFP, 2/13/08)

2008        Feb 14, The US Mint officially issued the Monroe dollar coin, the 5th of its presidential dollar series.
    (WSJ, 12/27/07, p.D6)
2008        Feb 14, New Mexico announced that Hillary Clinton won the Feb 5 Democratic caucus giving her 14 delegates to 12 for Obama.
    (SFC, 2/15/08, p.A3)
2008        Feb 14, In DeKalb, Illinois, former student Steven Kazmierczak (27) killed six people at Northern Illinois University before committing suicide. 15 people were wounded.
    (AP, 2/15/08)
2008        Feb 14, Boeing and India's Tata Industries announced an agreement to set up a joint venture company to handle an initial 500 million dollars of defense-related aerospace component work in India.
    (AFP, 2/14/08)
2008        Feb 14, Angola extradited Henry Okah, the alleged leader of Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta (MEND), to Nigeria.
    (AP, 2/15/08)
2008        Feb 14, Brazil flew 50,000 doses of yellow fever vaccine to Paraguay following an outbreak there, the first in 34 years.
    (SFC, 2/15/08, p.A4)
2008        Feb 14, In London the price of platinum soared past 2,000 dollars an ounce to a record as power shortages affected mining production in South Africa, the biggest supplier of the white precious metal.
    (AP, 2/14/08)
2008        Feb 14, Chad's Pres. Idriss Deby declared a state of emergency and signed a decree increasing government powers for 15 days.
    (SFC, 2/15/08, p.A12)
2008        Feb 14, The European Commission gave the green light for a 170 million euro ($248 million) grant to build a gas-fired power plant in Lithuania by an agency run by the
European Bank for Reconstruction and Development.
    (Reuters, 2/14/08)
2008        Feb 14, An Iraqi police officer in Salahuddin province said that a house in Zab belonging to a Sunni Arab and tribal leader was bombarded in a US air strike, and that six family members died. A US military account said troops returned fire from insurgents, killing two and then called in air support, which killed another four militants.
    (AP, 2/15/08)(SFC, 2/16/08, p.A6)
2008        Feb 14, A UN spokesman said political rivals trying to lead Kenya out of weeks of violence signed an agreement, but no details were released and the talks were to continue next week.
    (AP, 2/14/08)
2008        Feb 14, Serbia's government proclaimed that any unilateral act by Kosovo's ethnic Albanian leadership to declare independence would be invalid and illegal.
    (AP, 2/14/08)
2008        Feb 14, The chief of Hezbollah vowed to retaliate against Israeli targets anywhere in the world after accusing the Jewish state of killing the militant Imad Mughniyeh in Syria.
    (AP, 2/14/08)
2008        Feb 14, A leading human rights group appealed to Saudi Arabia's King Abdullah to stop the execution of a woman accused of witchcraft and performing supernatural acts.
    (AP, 2/14/08)
2008        Feb 14, In Switzerland UBS AG posted a 4th-quarter net loss of $11.28 billion, and a loss for the entire year, besieged by investments in US subprime mortgages. Chairman Marcel Ospel announced his resignation on Feb 27.
    (AP, 2/14/08)(Econ, 4/5/08, p.72)
2008        Feb 14, In Thailand General Secretary Mahn Sha (64), leader of the Karen National Union (KNU), was shot and killed at his home in Mae Sot by three men who arrived in a pickup truck. The KNU is one of the biggest ethnic groups fighting Myanmar's military government. Initial investigations showed that the assailants were also Karen.
    (AP, 2/14/08)
2008        Feb 14, Zimbabwe's inflation rate, already the highest in the world, soared to a new high of 66,212.3%.
    (AFP, 2/14/08)

2008        Feb 15, A leading US doctor’s group endorsed the medical use of marijuana and urged the government to life a ban.
    (WSJ, 2/16/08, p.A1)
2008        Feb 15, It was reported that a new computer virus called Mocmex, identified as a Trojan Horse from China, had been discovered in digital photo frames. It recognized and blocked antivirus software from over 100 security vendors and collected passwords for online games.
    (SFC, 2/15/08, p.C1)
2008        Feb 15, In Afghanistan bitter cold, snowstorms and avalanches were reported to have killed 926 people, half of them in the hard hit west, as the country suffered one of the most brutal winters in decades.
    (AP, 2/15/08)
2008        Feb 15, Representatives for Australian Aborigines confirmed plans to launch the first compensation lawsuits since a landmark government apology earlier this week for past abuses.
    (AP, 2/15/08)
2008        Feb 15, A group of Canadian sex trade workers hoping to set up a legal "co-op" brothel in time for the 2010 Olympics in Vancouver said they have won approval to incorporate themselves.
    (Reuters, 2/15/08)
2008        Feb 15, A restaurant fire in eastern China killed 11 people and injured at least 4 others.
    (AP, 2/15/08)
2008        Feb 15, Czech President Vaclav Klaus won a second five-year term. Lawmakers chose him over a University of Michigan economics professor.
    (AP, 2/16/08)
2008        Feb 15, In northern Copenhagen gangs of rioters set fire to cars and garbage trucks, the sixth night of rioting and vandalism that has spread from the capital to other Danish cities.
    (Reuters, 2/16/08)
2008        Feb 15, Two international rights groups said Egyptian police have stepped up arrests of persons suspected of having HIV, detaining four men this month in a crackdown that violates basic human rights.
    (AP, 2/15/08)
2008        Feb 15, In eastern India hundreds of Maoist militants stormed six police compounds in carefully coordinated attacks, killing 13 police personnel and one civilian. 11 policemen were injured.
    (AP, 2/16/08)
2008        Feb 15, A 3-year-old Indonesian boy died of bird flu, the country's second death from the illness in one day. The two cases, which were apparently unrelated, brought Indonesia's bird flu death toll to 105.
    (AP, 2/16/08)
2008        Feb 15, In Iraq 2 suicide bombers, one apparently armed with a grenade as well as an explosive vest, killed at least three people and wounded 17 as worshippers left a Shiite mosque after prayers in the northwestern city of Tal Afar. 3 neighborhood security guards were killed and 2 others injured when US attack helicopters fired at their checkpoint south of Baghdad.
    (AP, 2/15/08)(SFC, 2/16/08, p.A6)
2008        Feb 15, In Mexico City a bomb exploded near the police headquarters killing one man. A singer and two members of his staff were tortured and killed just south of the California border, apparently the latest victims in a string of slayings of Mexican musicians. The border killings were not reported until Feb 20.
    (WSJ, 2/16/08, p.A1)(AP, 2/20/08)
2008        Feb 15, In Gaza City a powerful blast went off in the house of Ayman Atallah Fayed, a senior Islamic Jihad activist, killing him, his wife, three sons and three neighbors.
    (AP, 2/16/08)
2008        Feb 15, In the Philippines thousands of protesters massed in Jakarta with some hurling tomatoes at images of President Gloria Arroyo and her husband, demanding their ouster for alleged corruption.
    (AP, 2/15/08)
2008        Feb 15, Sova, a Russian human rights group, said hate crimes in Russia have killed 17 people and injured more than 50 others since the beginning of the year.
    (AP, 2/15/08)
2008        Feb 15, Serbia's newly re-elected president Boris Tadic pledged at his inauguration that he would never stop fighting against independence for Kosovo.
    (AP, 2/15/08)
2008        Feb 15, In southeast Turkey hundreds of Kurdish protesters battled police, leaving a young demonstrator dead and dozens injured on the ninth anniversary of guerrilla leader Abdullah Ocalan's capture.
    (AP, 2/16/08)

2008        Feb 16, US President George W. Bush in Benin, opening a five-country Africa tour,  stepped up pressure on Kenyan leaders to accept a power-sharing deal to end their country's deadly political crisis.
    (AFP, 2/16/08)
2008        Feb 16, In Maryland a car plowed into a crowd that had gathered to watch a drag race on a suburban road, killing 8 people and injuring at least four.
    (AP, 2/16/08)(SSFC, 2/17/08, p.A2)
2008        Feb 16, It was reported that the first flowering in 50 years had taken place in the bamboo forests of Bangladesh leading to a plague of rats. The last flowering in 1958 also caused a similar rodent plague.
    (SFC, 2/16/08, p.B6)
2008        Feb 16, Egyptian border guards shot and killed an Eritrean woman and arrested her two young daughters after they tried to cross illegally into Israel.
    (AP, 2/16/08)
2008        Feb 16, The EU gave the final approval for the deployment of a 1,800-member policing and administration mission in Kosovo.
    (AP, 2/16/08)
2008        Feb 16, In Italy Michael Seifert (83), a former SS prison guard who was sentenced to life in prison in Italy for Nazi war crimes, was jailed near Naples, hours after he was extradited from Canada. Seifert, known as the "Beast of Bolzano," was convicted in absentia in 2000 by a military tribunal in Verona on nine counts of murder committed while he was an SS guard at a prison transit camp in Bolzano, northern Italy.
    (AP, 2/16/08)
2008        Feb 16, A company source said Toshiba Corp is planning to give up on its HD DVD format for high-definition video, conceding defeat to the competing Blu-Ray technology backed by Sony Corp.
    (Reuters, 2/16/08)
2008        Feb 16, In northwest Pakistan a suicide bomber rammed a car packed with explosives into an independent parliament candidate's election office, killing at least 40 people and wounding more than 90 days before a crucial vote. A second car bombing near a checkpoint killed two civilians and wounded eight security personnel.
    (AP, 2/16/08)(AP, 2/17/08)

2008        Feb 17, US President George W. Bush discussed the bloody conflict in neighboring Kenya with Tanzania's Pres. Jakaya Kikwete before showering him with praise and signing over a $700 million development grant.
    (Reuters, 2/17/08)
2008        Feb 17, The US Department of Agriculture ordered the recall of 143 million pounds of frozen beef from a California slaughterhouse, the subject of an animal-abuse investigation, that provided meat to school lunch programs. Downer cows at the Hallmark/Westland Meat Packing Company had been processed and sent for use in the National School Lunch Program.
    (AP, 2/18/08)(Econ, 3/1/08, p.36)
2008        Feb 17, In Afghanistan a suicide bombing at an outdoor dog fighting competition in Kandahar killed 80 people and wounded scores more, in what appeared to be the deadliest terror attack there since the fall of the Taliban in 2001. The attack apparently targeted Abdul Hakim Jan, a militia commander, who had stood up against the Taliban and died in the attack.
    (AP, 2/17/08)
2008        Feb 17, In Algeria African Union energy ministers launched a new energy organization for Africa tasked with coordinating policy for the resource-rich continent.
    (AP, 2/17/08)
2008        Feb 17, British chancellor Alistair Darling announced that stricken mortgage lender Northern Rock would be nationalized.
    (Econ, 2/23/08, p.73)
2008        Feb 17, In China an explosion at an illegal mine disguised as a wild boar farm killed 26 people in northern Hebei province. On Dec 31, 2009, Gao Huailiang was sentenced to death in Hebei province, for making, selling and transporting illegal explosives. 20 others were sentenced to prison time for running the mine.
    (AP, 2/18/08)(AP, 12/31/09)
2008        Feb 17, Communist party leader Demetris Christofias led in exit polls after Cyprus elections. It was unclear who he would be competing against in a run-off on Feb 24.
    (AP, 2/17/08)
2008        Feb 17, Indian troops killed at least 20 Maoist guerrillas in clashes following the killing of 13 policemen by the insurgents in the eastern state of Orissa.
    (AFP, 2/17/08)
2008        Feb 17, Israeli troops backed by aircraft and tanks clashed with Palestinian militants firing mortars and machine guns near Gaza's former international airport, killing three gunmen and a civilian. Later a Palestinian rocket struck a house in the southern Israeli town of Sderot, shortly after the UN's humanitarian chief condemned the rocket fire and urged Gaza's Hamas rulers to end the attacks.
    (AP, 2/17/08)
2008        Feb 17, In Iraq a female suicide bomber struck in a predominantly Shiite area of central Baghdad, killing at least three people in an attack that occurred as officials have been stressing the capital's increased security. In Mosul a police officer and two civilians were killed when a bomb in a parked car detonated.
    (AP, 2/17/08)
2008        Feb 17, Kosovo declared itself a nation, mounting a historic bid to become an "independent and democratic state" backed by the US and key European allies but bitterly contested by Serbia and Russia. Russia denounced Kosovo's independence declaration and called for an emergency meeting of the UN Security Council, underlining its opposition.
    (AP, 2/17/08)
2008        Feb 17, Madagascar was hit by Cyclone Ivan. At least 44 people were killed and some 145,000 left homeless.
    (Reuters, 2/18/08)(SFC, 2/26/08, p.A3)
2008        Feb 17, In New Zealand 3 people were killed after a light plane and a helicopter collided in mid-air in the coastal settlement of Paraparaumu.
    (AP, 2/17/08)
2008        Feb 17, In southwest Pakistan a military pickup truck struck a land mine that killed four troops and wounded two others. The Baluch Republican Army, a little known rebel group, claimed responsibility for the attack.
    (AP, 2/17/08)
2008        Feb 17, In South Korea a special prosecutor's team questioned President-elect Lee Myung-bak over allegations of financial fraud a week ahead of his inauguration.
    (AP, 2/17/08)

2008        Feb 18, President Bush handed out hugs and bed nets in Tanzania's rural north, saying the US is part of a new international effort to provide enough mosquito netting to protect every child between one and five from contracting malaria in this east African nation.
    (AP, 2/18/08)
2008        Feb 18, President Bush hailed Kosovo's bold and historic bid for statehood, saying "The Kosovars are now independent."
    (AP, 2/18/08)
2008        Feb 18, Platinum hit a record high for the 13th successive day on lingering power supply shortages which have disrupted mining in main producer South Africa.
    (AP, 2/18/08)
2008        Feb 18, In Afghanistan a suicide car bomber targeting a Canadian military convoy killed 37 civilians at a busy market in Spin Boldak in southern Kandahar province. Afghan and NATO-led troops killed two regional Taliban commanders in southern Afghanistan
    (AP, 2/18/08)(AP, 2/21/08)
2008        Feb 18, The British government introduced emergency legislation to temporarily nationalize Northern Rock PLC. British PM Gordon Brown, detailing nationalization plans, said the stricken mortgage lender will remain nationalized until adverse market conditions change.
    (AP, 2/18/08)
2008        Feb 18, In Colombia a cashiered army lieutenant colonel and 14 soldiers were convicted of murdering 10 elite counternarcotics police agents in an ambush that showed how deeply drug corruption threatens Colombia's security forces.
    (AP, 2/18/08)
2008        Feb 18, Egyptian security sources said police have rounded up some 500 Palestinians in north Sinai in the past four days and plan to deport them back into Gaza shortly.
    (AP, 2/18/08)
2008        Feb 18, Ethiopia’s state-media reported that 309 police officers, suspected of links with separatists rebels, have been arrested in the Ogaden region as part of a government crackdown.
    (AFP, 2/18/08)
2008        Feb 18, More than 1,000 police raided housing projects outside Paris, detaining over 30 people in a bid to find rioters who led an outburst of violence last year.
    (AP, 2/18/08)
2008        Feb 18, Alain Robbe-Grillet (85), avant-garde French author, died. He dispensed with conventional storytelling as a pioneer of the postwar "new novel" movement.
    (AP, 2/18/08)
2008        Feb 18, At least 13 Maoist rebels and six paramilitary soldiers were killed in renewed fighting in eastern India, days after carefully coordinated rebel attacks killed 13 police and two civilians.
    (AP, 2/18/08)
2008        Feb 18, In Goa, India, the bruised body of Scarlette Keeling (15), a British citizen, was found on a beach with her clothes partially removed. Some of her injuries indicated sexual assault. In March 3 men were detained in connection with her murder. On March 13 police confirmed murder charges against local barman Samson D'Souza (29) and Placido Carvalho, an alleged drugs dealer working the beaches of the former Portuguese colony.
    (AP, 3/9/08)(AFP, 3/13/08)
2008        Feb 18, Italian police captured Pasquale Condello (57), the top boss of a powerful organized crime syndicate. The Condello crime clan was one of the most ferocious 'ndrangheta families and Condello had received several life prison terms for four murders and other crimes.
    (AP, 2/18/08)
2008        Feb 18, Kosovo's leaders sent letters to 192 countries seeking formal recognition of independence, and suspense gripped the province as its citizens awaited key backing from the US and key European powers.
    (AP, 2/18/08)
2008        Feb 18, Pakistanis voted for a new parliament in elections shadowed by fears of violence and questions about the political survival of President Pervez Musharraf. 56% of the votes cast in Baluchistan province were fake.
    (AP, 2/18/08)(SSFC, 9/25/11, p.A4)
2008        Feb 18, Callixte Nzabonimana (55), Rwanda’s former youth and sport minister, was arrested in the town of Kigoma, Tanzania. He faced trial for participating in the 1994 genocide. The trial of Nzabonimana, described by prosecutors as "the Butcher of Gitarama," began at the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) in Tanzania on Nov 9, 2009.
    (Reuters, 2/19/08)(AFP, 11/9/09)
2008        Feb 18, Sri Lankan soldiers captured a line of strategic rebel bunkers after a battle that killed 10 rebels and one soldier.
    (AP, 2/18/08)

2008        Feb 19, President George W. Bush paid somber homage to the estimated 800,000 killed in Rwanda's 1994 genocide and urged global action to end the bloodshed in Sudan's Darfur region "once and for all."
    (AP, 2/19/08)
2008        Feb 19, Barack Obama won Wisconsin (58%) and Hawaii (76%) adding to a primary season winning streak that now totals 10. This put Hillary Rodham Clinton into a virtual must-win scenario in Democratic contests coming early next month in Texas and Ohio.
    (AP, 2/20/08)(SFC, 2/21/08, p.A10)
2008        Feb 19, The SF-based Sharper Image retailer filed for bankruptcy protection. The 184-store chain planned to close 96 stores nationwide. The Sharper Image brand name was later sold to Hilco Organization and Gordon Brothers Group LLC for $33 million in partnership with Windsong Brands LLC and Bluestar Alliance.
    (SFC, 3/8/08, p.C1)(SSFC, 6/29/08, p.C5)
2008        Feb 19, In southwestern Minnesota a driving a van crashed into a school bus, killing four students. Olga Marino Franco del Cid (24) of Minneota, was later charged in state court with four counts of criminal vehicular homicide. Federal prosecutors later filed identity theft charges against the woman, who had identified herself as Alianiss Nunez-Morales. Immigration investigators said they found the real Nunez-Morales in Connecticut.
    (AP, 3/1/08)
2008        Feb 19, In southern Afghanistan a car bomb exploded near a police compound, killing at least one person and wounding four.
    (AP, 2/19/08)
2008        Feb 19, The African Union extended by two months sanctions slapped on the rebellious Comoran isle of Anjouan in the Indian Ocean.
    (AFP, 2/19/08)
2008        Feb 19, Armenians voted for a new president. PM Serzh Sarkisian (Sargsyan), given credit for rising living standards, won with 53% of the vote, enough to avert a runoff with rival Levon Ter-Petrosian (21%).
    (Reuters, 2/19/08)(Econ, 2/23/08, p.70)(Econ, 10/18/08, p.38)
2008        Feb 19, In England Karen Matthews reported that her daughter was missing in the Yorkshire town of Dewsbury. Shannon (9) was found safely 24 days later in the base of a divan bed at the flat of Michael Donovan. On Dec 4 Karen Matthews (33) and Michael Donovan (40) were found guilty of kidnapping. The mother allegedly hoped to scoop the reward money when the girl was found.
    (AP, 12/4/08)
2008        Feb 19, Canada’s province of British Columbia announced its intention to implement a carbon tax of $10 per ton of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e) emissions (2.41 cents per liter on gasoline) beginning July 1, 2008, making BC the first North American jurisdiction to implement such a tax.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carbon_tax)
2008        Feb 19, An ailing, 81-year-old Fidel Castro resigned as Cuba's president after nearly a half-century in power, saying he will not accept a new term when parliament meets Feb 24.
    (AP, 2/19/08)
2008        Feb 19, A Japanese navy destroyer equipped with advanced radar plowed into a fishing boat off the Pacific coast, splitting the boat in two and plunging two fishermen into the chilly waters. The men remained missing.
    (AP, 2/19/08)
2008        Feb 19, Japan’s Toshiba Corp. announced it would no longer develop, make or market high-definition HD DVD players and recorders, conceding defeat to the competing Blu-Ray technology backed by Sony Corp.
    (AP, 2/19/08)
2008        Feb 19, Myanmar's ruling junta said the country's new draft constitution, which will replace one scrapped in 1988, has been completed.
    (AP, 2/19/08)
2008        Feb 19, Pakistan's ruling party conceded defeat after opposition parties routed allies of President Pervez Musharraf in parliamentary elections.
    (AP, 2/19/08)
2008        Feb 19, Serbs set off sporadic explosions and torched checkpoints between Serbia and Kosovo to protest Kosovo's declaration of independence and international recognition of the new nation.
    (AP, 2/19/08)
2008        Feb 19, In Thailand Glenn Richard Allen (61), an American man was sentenced, to 16 years in prison for raping a 13-year-old girl and sexually abusing a second teenager in Pattaya, a Thai seaside resort town notorious for its sex industry.
    (AP, 2/19/08)
2008        Feb 19, The body of a teenage girl was found hanging in the woods of a Welsh village, and authorities said it was the 17th young suicide in just over a year near one town in South Wales.
    (AP, 2/20/08)

2008        Feb 20, A US Navy SM-3 missile knocked out a dying US spy satellite. Officials said the intent was to destroy an onboard tank of toxic fuel.
    (SFC, 2/21/08, p.A3)
2008        Feb 20, In Afghanistan an explosion in Helmand province claimed the life of a British soldier. 30 Taliban militants were killed in a joint Afghan and foreign special forces operation backed by air support in southern Helmand province.
    (AP, 2/21/08)(AFP, 2/21/08)
2008        Feb 20, In Armenia thousands of opposition supporters marched through the capital after an election official said complete results showed that the prime minister had won the presidential election. On Jan 19, 2010, a court sentenced Nikola Pashinian, editor of the Armenian Times opposition newspaper, to seven years in prison for organizing mass unrest in the wake of the 2008 presidential elections.
    (AP, 2/20/08)(AP, 1/19/10)
2008        Feb 20, The US FDA inspected a heparin production facility in China. 19 deaths and some 350 allergic reactions had taken place among patients who received heparin sold in the US by Baxter Int’l. In March officials identified oversulfated condroitin sulfate, a chemical that does not occur naturally, as a contaminant in the drug. In April the death toll linked to contaminated heparin was raised to 62.
    (WS, 2/21/08, p.A1)(SFC, 3/20/08, p.C3)(SFC, 4/9/08, p.A5)
2008        Feb 20, Quebec provincial police conducted raids, breaking up a hacking ring that police said was responsible for an estimated CDN$45 million (US$44.3 million) in damage to computer systems.
    (www.pcworld.com/article/id,142711-c,hackers/article.html)
2008        Feb 20, Ecuador's government declared a national state of emergency police to help with aid in flooded regions. 12 people had died and thousands were displaced as severe rains and floods battered the small Andean nation.
    (AP, 2/21/08)
2008        Feb 20, German Chancellor Angela Merkel attacked Liechtenstein’s traditional banking secrecy and demanded a US-style deal giving Berlin insight into German investments in the Alpine tax haven.
    (AP, 2/20/08)
2008        Feb 20, In Ghana President Bush sought to soothe African fears about American interests on the continent. He said the US isn’t aiming to make Africa into a base for greater military power or a proxy battleground with China.
    (AP, 2/20/08)
2008        Feb 20, A powerful earthquake struck western Indonesia, killing three people and injuring 25 others.
    (AP, 2/20/08)
2008        Feb 20, Yevgeny Adamov, the former atomic energy minister whom Washington accused of stealing millions in U.S. government funds earmarked for bolstering security at Russian nuclear plants, was sentenced Wednesday to 5 ½ years in prison.
    (AP, 2/20/08)

2008        Feb 21, President George W. Bush promised US support for Liberia in its recovery from a crippling civil war as he visited the close U.S. ally on the last stop of a five-nation tour of Africa.
    (AP, 2/21/08)
2008        Feb 21, It was reported that the US Defense Dept. had dispersed $80 million monthly, or some $1 billion a year, for the last 6 years to Pakistan to support troops in the tribal area along the Afghan border.
    (SFC, 2/21/08, p.A3)
2008        Feb 21, Google Inc. said will begin storing the medical records of a few thousand people as it tests a long-awaited health service that's likely to raise more concerns about the volume of sensitive information entrusted to the Internet search leader.
    (AP, 2/21/08)
2008        Feb 21, Ben Chapman (1928-2008), film star, died. He played the creature in the film “The Creature from the Black Lagoon" (1954).
    (Econ, 3/8/08, p.97)
2008        Feb 21, Evan Mecham (b.1924), former Arizona Gov. (1987-1988), died. He was impeached, indicted and subjected to a recall campaign in 1988 for misuse of state funds and inflammatory racial opinions.
    (SFC, 2/23/08, p.B5)
2008        Feb 21, In Afghanistan NATO troops found 1.65 tons of opium, which ISAF said was worth $400 million, and a "significant quantity" of drug-making equipment. The $400 million figure appeared to be the opium's estimated street value once it was trafficked outside Afghanistan.
    (AP, 2/27/08)
2008        Feb 21, Hans Janitschek (73), an Austrian journalist who spent years as a UN consultant and also served as secretary general of the Socialist International organization, died suddenly at UN headquarters. Janitschek wrote several political biographies, co-authored Waldheim's autobiography and published more than a dozen books.
    (AP, 3/1/08)
2008        Feb 21, Australia's new government confirmed that it would withdraw its combat troops from Iraq by mid-year but pledged strong ties with the United States ahead of landmark talks this week.
    (AP, 2/21/08)
2008        Feb 21, In Brazil a ferryboat carrying more than 100 passengers collided with a barge carrying fuel tanks and sank to the bottom of the Amazon River. At least 14 people died. 92 people were rescued by several small boats and the state's floating police station.
    (AP, 2/22/08)
2008        Feb 21, In London Steve Wright (49) was found guilty of murdering five prostitutes in a killing spree which brought terror to the English market town of Ipswitch in 2006.
    (AFP, 2/21/08)
2008        Feb 21, In Burkina Faso some 200 people were arrested following a 2-day protest against rising living costs which ended in violent clashes.
    (AFP, 2/26/08)
2008        Feb 21, Chinese state media said authorities are using algae-munching fish to clean up one of the country's most polluted lakes, and after their diet of toxins they will be sold on to consumers.
    (AP, 2/21/08)
2008        Feb 21, In Iraq 4 British soldiers were wounded near their base outside the southern city of Basra, an attack the Iraqi police described as a roadside bomb explosion that targeted a British patrol.
    (AP, 2/21/08)
2008        Feb 21, A magnitude-6.2 earthquake, the largest ever recorded on Norwegian territory, hit off the Arctic Svalbard islands, the national seismic monitoring center said. No casualties or damage were reported.
    (AP, 2/21/08)
2008        Feb 21, In Serbia protesters, outraged at US support for Kosovo, stormed the US Embassy in Belgrade and set part of it on fire. Zoran Vujovic (21) died in the fire and 150 people were injured. Police arrested almost 200 rioters involved in the protests.
    (SSFC, 2/24/08, p.A4)(WSJ, 2/25/08, p.A1)
2008        Feb 21, In South Korea a special prosecutor cleared Pres.-elect Lee Myung-bak of financial fraud allegations.
    (SFC, 2/21/08, p.A3)
2008        Feb 21, Turkish troops launched a ground incursion across the border into Iraq in pursuit of separatist Kurdish rebels.
    (AP, 2/22/08)
2008        Feb 21, In Venezuela a plane carrying 46 people crashed in the western mountains, 6 miles from the airport in the Andean city of Merida. All aboard were believed killed.
    (AP, 2/22/08)

2008        Feb 22, Arizona Republican Rep. Rick Renzi was indicted on charges of extortion, wire fraud, money laundering and other matters in an Arizona land swap scam that allegedly helped him collect hundreds of thousands of dollars in payoffs.
    (AP, 2/22/08)
2008        Feb 22, John Heath (81) was sentenced In Los Angeles to 28 years in prison in an investment scam that prosecutors say seeped across half the country and bilked 1,800 people, many of them elderly, of about $190 million.
    (AP, 2/23/08)
2008        Feb 22, In Texas 3 British bankers were sentenced to just over three years in prison for their roles in a fraudulent scheme with former Enron Chief Financial Officer Andrew Fastow, and they're hoping to serve some of that time back home.
    (AP, 2/22/08)
2008        Feb 22, The US FDA granted accelerated market approval for Genentech’s drug Avastin to treat advanced breast cancer. The drug cost was bout $7,700 per month. Avastin was already approved for colorectal and lung cancer.
    (WSJ, 2/23/08, p.A3)
2008        Feb 22, Canadian Foreign Minister Maxime Bernier pledged $555 million in fresh aid to Haiti, as he wrapped up a three-day visit to the impoverished Caribbean nation.
    (Reuters, 2/23/08)
2008        Feb 22, In China 4 men pleaded guilty in a Yunnan court to producing bogus receipts valued at $147 billion. The scam operated in 9 provinces. In 2007 almost 3,000 cases of printing fake receipts were uncovered.
    (Econ, 3/1/08, p.70)
2008        Feb 22, The European Space Agency (ESA) said on Ulysses, a US-European space scout that has been orbiting the Sun for 17 years, almost four times its expected lifetime, is on the brink of dying.
    (AP, 2/22/08)
2008        Feb 22, The German finance ministry threatened to tax all financial transfers to Liechtenstein unless the Alpine principality relaxed its banking secrecy codes and helped trace tax evaders.
    (AFP, 2/22/08)
2008        Feb 22, An angry mob in Guatemala, that took 29 policemen hostage a day earlier, released the officers in exchange for talks with the government on legalizing their lands and possibly dropping charges against a jailed farm leader.
    (AP, 2/22/08)
2008        Feb 22, Muqtada al-Sadr announced that he has extended a cease-fire order to his Shiite Mahdi Army by another six months. A bomb hidden under a horse-drawn cart exploded in downtown Baghdad, killing three civilians. 2 policemen died when a booby-trapped car exploded in Tikrit.
    (AP, 2/22/08)
2008        Feb 22, In New Zealand a key conference on cluster bombs ended in Wellington with most of the 122 governments represented backing a draft treaty banning the deadly weapons.
    (AFP, 2/22/08)
2008        Feb 22, North Korea opened its main nuclear reactor to foreign media for the first time in a bid to show that it is complying with a disarmament accord to disable the facility.
    (AP, 2/22/08)
2008        Feb 22, In Pakistan roadside bomb exploded as a wedding party was passing nearby in the volatile northwest, killing at least 10 people and wounding four others.
    (AP, 2/22/08)
2008        Feb 22, Majed Barghouti (44), a Hamas preacher, died in the custody of the Palestinian intelligence service. The next day his family alleged that he had been tortured by interrogators from the rival Fatah faction.
    (AP, 2/23/08)
2008        Feb 22, Serbs protesting Kosovo's independence for a fifth straight day Friday attacked UN police guarding a key bridge in northern Kosovo with stones, glass bottles and firecrackers.
    (AP, 2/22/08)
2008        Feb 22, South Africa and India agreed to allow businessmen traveling between the two countries multiple entry visas, as part of several agreements signed in Pretoria.
    (AFP, 2/22/08)
2008        Feb 22, In Sri Lanka clashes broke out in at least six locations in northern Jaffna, Mannar, Vavuniya districts and Welioya, leaving 31 rebels and one soldier dead.
    (AP, 2/23/08)
2008        Feb 22, In Tunisia 2 Austrian tourists were kidnapped. Al-Qaida in Islamic North Africa later claimed responsibility and warned western tourists to stay away. The 2 tourists were released on October 31.
    (AFP, 3/11/08)(WSJ, 3/11/08, p.A1)(AP, 10/31/08)

2008        Feb 23, In Santa Monica, California, "Juno," a runaway hit comedy about a wisecracking pregnant teen, picked up the top prize at the Spirit Awards, the independent film community's version of the Oscars.
    (Reuters, 2/23/08)
2008        Feb 23, It was reported that Dr. Nathan Wolfe, a virologist at UCLA, was pushing for the creation of the Global Viral Forecasting Initiative, a planet-wide network to forecast epidemics before they happen.
    (Econ, 2/23/08, p.97)
2008        Feb 23, A B-2 stealth bomber crashed on take-off from the Pacific island of Guam, the first such incident involving the futuristic craft. Both pilots on board ejected safely as the 1.2-billion-dollar radar-evading plane went down at Andersen airbase.
    (AFP, 2/23/08)
2008        Feb 23, In eastern Afghanistan 7 Afghan security guards died when their car hit a roadside bomb in the Sarkano district of Kunar province. A gunman killed a district police chief in the region.
    (AP, 2/23/08)
2008        Feb 23, The presidents of Argentina, Brazil and Bolivia gathered in Buenos Aires to try to agree on how to divide scarce supplies of Bolivian natural gas.
    (WSJ, 2/23/08, p.A6)
2008        Feb 23, Police on the Channel Island of Jersey found a child's buried remains at Haut de la Garenne, a former children's home. They soon widened their search for bodies to six more sites in and around the home.
    (AFP, 2/25/08)(Econ, 3/1/08, p.58)
2008        Feb 23, A senior Chinese official said the freakish winter storms that coated much of central and southern China in snow and ice have left 129 people dead so far this year.
    (AP, 2/23/08)
2008        Feb 23, In Iraq rockets or mortars hit the US-protected Green Zone. Shihab al-Timimi, the head of the Iraqi Journalists Union, was shot and wounded. A boat carrying 11 Shiites to the holy city of Karbala overturned in the Tigris river and six people drowned. a suicide bomb attack killed Sheik Ibrahim Mutayri al-Mohamaday, the leader of one Awakening Council in Saqlawiyah, in Anbar province. A group of gunmen first opened fire on a checkpoint, killing one police officer. Then three of the attackers armed with explosives belts stormed the checkpoint, two blowing themselves up.
    (AP, 2/23/08)(AP, 2/24/08)
2008        Feb 23, An Israeli army missile strike killed 3 Palestinians in the northern Gaza Strip. Militants from Gaza had fired 4 mortar shells at Israel earlier in the day.
    (SSFC, 2/24/08, p.A8)
2008        Feb 23, Japan's space agency launched an experimental communications satellite designed to enable super high-speed data transmission at home and in Southeast Asia.
    (AP, 2/24/08)
2008        Feb 23, In northern Kosovo up to 2,000 Serb protesters chanting "Kosovo is Serbia!" marched through Kosovska Mitrovica, an ethnically divided town, in a sixth day of demonstrations against Kosovo's declaration of independence.
    (AP, 2/23/08)(SFC, 2/23/08, p.A3)
2008        Feb 23, in Puerto Rico Eddie Maco Campbells (b.1970) of Oakland, Ca., was shot and killed after an argument at a bar in the popular tourist area of Isla Verde. On March 13, 2009, a judge in Puerto Rico found Jose Perez Pagan guilty of murdering Campbells.
    (AP, 3/14/09)(http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4176/is_20080304/ai_n24373929)
2008        Feb 23, In Saudi Arabia bus plunged over a cliff, killing at least 25 people on board.
    (AP, 2/24/08)
2008        Feb 23, Janez Drnovsek (57), former president of Slovenia, died. He helped lead Slovenia to independence from Yugoslavia and later enthralled many of his countrymen by adopting a New Age lifestyle.
    (AP, 2/23/08)
2008        Feb 23, In Sri Lanka fighting erupted in northeastern Welioya region, where soldiers killed at least eight guerrillas. A bomb explosion on a bus wounded at least 14 people in Mount Lavinia, near the Colombo.
    (AP, 2/23/08)
2008        Feb 23, Turkish troops pressed their offensive against Kurdish PKK guerrillas in northern Iraq, two days after crossing the mountainous border.
    (AP, 2/23/08)

2008        Feb 24, Joel and Ethan Coen’s crime saga "No Country for Old Men" won a leading four Academy Awards, including best picture. All four acting prizes went to Europeans: Frenchwoman Marion Cotillard, the best-actress winner for "La Vie En Rose"; Spaniard Javier Bardem, who took supporting actor for "No Country"; and Brits Daniel Day-Lewis and Tilda Swinton, he claiming his second best-actor honor for "There Will Be Blood," she winning supporting actress for "Michael Clayton."
    (AP, 2/25/08)
2008        Feb 24, Ralph Nader, consumer activist, launched an independent campaign for the White House.
    (SFC, 2/25/08, p.A4)
2008        Feb 24, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb tore through a convoy carrying Kandahar governor Asadullah Khalid, missing the official but killing three policemen.
    (AFP, 2/24/08)
2008        Feb 24, The first flight by a commercial airline to be partly powered by biofuels took off from London on a short trip to Amsterdam billed as heralding a new eco-friendlier era of airline travel.
    (AFP, 2/24/08)
2008        Feb 24, Pearl Cornioley, British spy (nom de guerre was Genevieve Touzalin), died. She parachuted into France during WWII posing as a cosmetics saleswoman to deliver coded messages to Resistance members.
    (AP, 4/1/08)
2008        Feb 24, In China’s Hubei province water plant workers from Jianli County found that the Dongjing River, a tributary of the Han, had turned red and foamy. The pollution forced authorities to cut water supplies to as many as 200,000 people.
    (AP, 2/27/08)
2008        Feb 24, Greek Cypriots elected Dimitris Christofias, leader of the Communist Akel Party, as its new president with just over 53 percent of the vote, ahead of conservative former Foreign Minister Ioannis Kasoulides with 46.6 percent. Christofias had campaigned on a pledge to act quickly to restart long-stalled talks to reunify the island.
    (AP, 2/25/08)(Econ, 3/1/08, p.53)
2008        Feb 24, In Cuba Raul Castro became the new president. The island's parliament tapped revolutionary leader Jose Ramon Machado (77) for the government's No. 2 spot.
    (AP, 2/25/08)
2008        Feb 24, Iran said that it has started using new centrifuges that can churn out enriched uranium at more than double the rate of the machines that now form the backbone of the Islamic nation's nuclear program.
    (AP, 2/24/08)
2008        Feb 24, In Iraq a suicide bomber struck Shiite pilgrims as they were resting in Iskandariyah during a days-long walk to a Shiite shrine in Karbala, killing at least 56 people and wounding 68. Earlier, extremists attacked another group of pilgrims in the predominantly Sunni Baghdad neighborhood of Dora, killing three and wounding 36. In Hawija, about 30 miles southwest of Kirkuk, a parked car bomb went off next to a patrol of Sunni tribesmen who aligned with US forces to fight al-Qaida in Iraq. One civilian bystander was killed and 10 people were wounded.
    (AP, 2/24/08)(AP, 2/25/08)
2008        Feb 24, In Milan, Italy, masked thieves drilled a tunnel and broke into a jewelry showroom as employees were preparing for a VIP showing by Damiani, making off with gold, diamonds and rubies in a brazen daylight heist.
    (AP, 2/28/08)
2008        Feb 24, The LGT Group, Liechtenstein’s largest financial group, confirmed that stolen client data, believed to be fueling a major German tax-evasion probe, included confidential information on thousands of customers and beneficiaries in other countries.
    (WSJ, 2/25/08, p.A6)
2008        Feb 24, Turkey's military said that eight more soldiers were killed in combat during its cross-border ground operation in northern Iraq, raising the death toll to 15. Turkish troops and Kurdish PKK rebels fought close battles in northern Iraq that left scores dead on the fourth day of a major ground offensive Baghdad and Washington fear could further destabilize Iraq.
    (AP, 2/24/08)(Reuters, 2/24/08)
2008        Feb 24, In Venezuela a blast near the entrance of the Fedecamaras business chamber headquarters in Caracas killed a 44-year-old man suspected of trying to plant the bomb. The next day Venezuela's justice minister blamed "anarchists" for the explosion and vowed to capture those responsible.
    (AP, 2/25/08)
2008        Feb 24, A rights group said Zimbabwe's biggest state hospital has stopped surgical operations because of a breakdown of equipment and shortages of drugs.
    (AFP, 2/24/08)

2008        Feb 25, In Connecticut 5 former insurance company executives were found guilty of a scheme to manipulate the financial statements of the world's largest insurance company, American International Group Inc.
    (AP, 2/25/08)
2008        Feb 25, Visa Inc. said its initial public offering later this year could raise up to $19 billion, making it the largest in US history. Visa will offer 406 million shares at $37 to $42 per share.
    (AP, 2/25/08)(SFC, 2/26/08, p.A1)
2008        Feb 25, The Taliban threatened to attack mobile phone facilities in Afghanistan, alleging that the technology was being used at night to pin-point the Islamic rebels' hideouts. 7 insurgents were killed in two separate clashes in Helmand province. A rocket fired by insurgents in the Kajaki region of Helmand province killed five Afghan civilians.
    (AFP, 2/25/08)(AP, 2/27/08)
2008        Feb 25, In Argentina the body of Paul Alberto Navone, a retired army officer, was found dead of a gunshot in an apparent suicide. He had been called to testify about the fate of twins born to a political prisoner in 1978.
    (AP, 2/27/08)
2008        Feb 25, Czech PM Mirek Topolanek said he will complete a deal on missile defense this week in Washington, and attributed Russian opposition to the project to lingering frustration over the collapse of the Soviet Union. During his visit Topolanek signed a memorandum of understanding that will allow Czechs to apply for a US visa waiver online.
    (AP, 2/25/08)(Econ, 3/8/08, p.61)
2008        Feb 25, In Guatemala President Alvaro Colom announced that a new panel will work to declassify military documents that should shed light on killings, torture and other human rights violations during Guatemala's 36-year civil war.
    (AP, 2/25/08)
2008        Feb 25, A roadside bomb killed four Shiite pilgrims and wounded 15 south of Baghdad in at least the third fatal attack on people traveling to one of their sect's most sacred gatherings. A suicide bomber in a wheelchair talked his way into Samarra’s operations center and blew himself up, killing the deputy commander, Abdul Jabbar Rabeia. Gunmen opened fire on a police convoy in Mosul. Four officers were killed in the attack.
    (AP, 2/25/08)
2008        Feb 25, The New York Philharmonic arrived in a snowy Pyongyang to play the symphony "From the New World" in an overture to thaw still frozen ties from the Cold War era between the United States and North Korea.
    (AP, 2/25/08)
2008        Feb 25, In Pakistan a suicide bomber hit a car carrying Lt. Gen. Mushtaq Ahmed Baig,  the army's surgeon general, in Rawalpindi, killing him along with at least seven other people. Gunmen opened fire and hurled grenades at the office of a British-run aid group in northwest Pakistan, killing at least four local staff and wounding 10 others.
    (AP, 2/25/08)(AFP, 2/25/08)
2008        Feb 25, Thousands of Filipinos took to the streets and flocked to churches in a fresh wave of nationwide protests on the anniversary of a 1986 grass-roots revolt, calling for President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo to resign.
    (AP, 2/25/08)
2008        Feb 25, Up to 2,000 Serb protesters rallied against Kosovo's independence in the new nation's tense north, a few setting fire to EU flags in what has become a daily challenge following the country's secession from Serbia.
    (AP, 2/25/08)
2008        Feb 25, South Africa announced that it was reversing a 1995 ban on killing elephants to help control their booming population, drawing instant outrage from animal-rights activists.
    (AP, 2/25/08)
2008        Feb 25, In South Korea former businessman Lee Myung-Bak took office as president, promising greater prosperity both for his own nation and for impoverished North Korea if it scraps its nuclear drive.
    (AP, 2/25/08)
2008        Feb 25, Turkey's military said it had killed 41 more separatist Kurdish rebels in clashes in northern Iraq, raising the reported guerrilla death toll in a cross-border operation to 153.
    (AP, 2/25/08)

2008        Feb 26, Buddy Miles (60), former drummer with Jimi Hendrix, Carlos Santana and other popular rock musicians, died in Texas. Over his career he appeared in over 70 albums.
    (SFC, 2/29/08, p.A2)
2008        Feb 26, Porter Thompson, former president of SF-based Bechtel Inc. (1975-1983), died.
    (SSFC, 3/30/08, p.B6)
2008        Feb 26, In Afghanistan a rocket attack on an Afghan National Army patrol killed two soldiers and wounded six others in southern Kandahar province. A roadside bomb killed two Polish soldiers patrolling in eastern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 2/27/08)
2008        Feb 26, In Algeria the "emir" Hamza (alias Abdi Abdi), a suspected leader of al-Qaida's local affiliate, was killed during the sweep in the town of Legatha.
    (AP, 2/27/08)
2008        Feb 26, In Brazil a helicopter had just left an oil rig with 17 oil workers and three crew members on board when it went down some 75 miles off the coast. 15 people aboard were rescued mostly unharmed. Rescuers located two bodies inside the sunken wreck, bringing the death toll to three. Two others remain missing.
    (AP, 2/27/08)
2008        Feb 26, Brunei’s Prince Jefri effectively lost control of the 55-story New York Palace Hotel, formerly known as the Helmsley Palace. A firm owned by prince Jefri paid $202 million for the hotel in 1993 using funds from the Brunei Investment Agency (BAI).
    (WSJ, 3/1/08, p.A6)
2008        Feb 26, Mohammed Hamid (50), a man who dubbed himself "Osama bin London" was found guilty by a British court of organizing extremist training camps and soliciting murder.
    (AFP, 2/26/08)
2008        Feb 26, In Cameroon the death toll after a 2nd day of strike-related violence reached 8. A taxi drivers' strike over rising fuel costs triggered widespread rioting exacerbated by anger over the cost of food, high unemployment and plans by President Paul Biya (75) to change the constitution to extend his 25-year rule for a third term of 7 years. Government ministers said around 25 to 40 people were killed, although a human rights group put the toll at over 100.
    (AP, 2/27/08)(Econ, 3/1/08, p.49)(Reuters, 3/31/08)
2008        Feb 26, Canada confirmed a new case of mad cow disease, the 12th since 2003, and said the animal in question was a six-year-old dairy cow from Alberta that had most probably eaten infected feed.
    (Reuters, 2/26/08)
2008        Feb 26, The mayor of Koui, a town in northwest Central African Republic (CAR), was abducted along with four other people. 3 captives including the mayor were later killed. 2 captives were released by ransom.
    (AFP, 3/14/08)
2008        Feb 26, Hungary’s central bank adopted a new currency regime allowing its currency to float rather than trade in a band against the euro, which began in 2001. Adoption of the euro was predicted to take place in 2014 at the earliest.
    (WSJ, 2/26/08, p.A5)
2008        Feb 26, The Iraqi government demanded for the first time that Turkey immediately withdraw from northern Iraq, warning it feared the ongoing incursion could lead to clashes with the official forces of the semiautonomous Kurdish region.
    (AP, 2/26/08)
2008        Feb 26, A suicide bomber attacked a bus outside the city of Mosul. The Iraqi army said 9 were killed and 9 injured. The US military put the toll at 8 dead and 8 injured. Gunmen in civilian clothes stopped two buses at a fake checkpoint on a highway in volatile Diyala province and kidnapped 21 men. They later released three women. 15 gunmen broke into a house in the village of Tuz Khormato, killing an Iraqi soldier and wounding his brother. In Hawija two members of the local awakening council, Sunni fighters who have turned against al-Qaida, were killed after gunmen opened fire on a checkpoint.
    (AP, 2/26/08)
2008        Feb 26, Israel's highest court upheld a much-criticized plea bargain that allowed former President Moshe Katsav to avoid rape charges and a possible prison term. Israeli troops seized the facilities of a Hamas-affiliated charity in the West Bank city of Hebron, saying it funneled money to the Islamic group's militant activities and recruited members to its ranks.
    (AP, 2/26/08)
2008        Feb 26, Mediator Kofi Annan suspended the talks to end Kenya's deadly postelection crisis after weeks of negotiations brought little progress.
    (AP, 2/26/08)
2008        Feb 26, A Nigerian election tribunal upheld the president's declared victory in last year's disputed election.
    (AP, 2/26/08)
2008        Feb 26, Mexican lawmakers approved judicial reform that would introduce public, oral trials and guarantee the presumption of innocence, even as lawmakers deleted a proposal to allow police to search homes without a warrant. Mexico's Senate approved a law that would ban smoking in workplaces, public buildings and public transportation across the country, allowing it in private businesses only if special, ventilated smoking areas are set up. Investigators found parts from at least 8 bodies in a series of backyard pits at a house in Ciudad Juarez, across the border from El Paso, Texas. In March the body count increased to 36.
    (AP, 2/27/08)(AP, 2/26/08)(AP, 3/3/08)(AP, 3/16/08)
2008        Feb 26, An audience of North Korea's communist elite gave America's oldest orchestra a standing ovation after a rousing set that took in Dvorak, Gershwin and a Korean folk song. Some Philharmonic members were so overcome they left the stage in tears.
    (Reuters, 2/26/08)
2008        Feb 26, A "doomsday" seed vault, built to protect millions of food crops from climate change, wars and natural disasters, opened deep within an Arctic mountain in the remote Norwegian archipelago of Svalbard.
    (AP, 2/26/08)(Econ, 3/10/12, p.71)
2008        Feb 26, The deadly conflict in Darfur entered its sixth year with no solution in sight, as Khartoum continued to resist the full deployment of a peacekeeping force amid a fresh wave of bombings.
    (AP, 2/26/08)
2008        Feb 26, The WHO said drug-resistant TB had reached its highest levels ever at 5% of all new TB cases worldwide. In parts of the former Soviet Union and China it reached 15-22% of new cases.
    (SFC, 2/27/08, p.A2)

2008        Feb 27, US National Intelligence Director Michael McConnell said told a Senate committee in Washington that Afghan President Hamid Karzai's government controls just 30% of the country. The resurgent Taliban controls 10-11% of the country, while local tribes control the rest. The Afghan Defense Ministry soon replied saying: "All Afghan people know that in the 34 provinces of Afghanistan and in more than 360 districts ... the government has control." A remote-controlled bomb hit a civilian vehicle in eastern Khost province, killing the driver and wounding six people. A militant ambush of an opium poppy eradication force in Helmand province sparked clashes that left 25 Taliban fighters and a policeman dead.
    (AP, 2/27/08)(AP, 2/28/08)
2008        Feb 27, The euro finished above $1.50 for the first time after US Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke’s testimony supported market expectations of another US rate cut.
    (WSJ, 2/28/08, p.C2)
2008        Feb 27, The annual TED conference opened for a 4-day session in Monterey, Ca.
    (SFC, 2/28/08, p.A1)
2008        Feb 27, William F. Buckley (b.1925), conservative author of over 50 books and editor of the National Review, died at his home in Connecticut.
    (AP, 2/27/08)(SFC, 2/28/08, p.A1)   
2008        Feb 27, Boyd Coddington (63), car-building legend, died in southern California. His testosterone-injected cable TV reality show "American Hot Rod" introduced the nation to the West Coast hot rod guru.
    (AP, 2/28/08)
2008        Feb 27, In Chile a small police plane crashed at a sports field in Chile's capital, killing all six aboard and five on the ground.
    (AP, 2/27/08)
2008        Feb 27, In China an early morning factory fire left 15 people dead and three others severely wounded in Shenzhen.
    (AP, 2/27/08)
2008        Feb 27, The EU fined Microsoft Corp. $1.3 billion for charging rivals too much for software information. The fine is the largest ever for a single company and the first time the EU has penalized a business for failing to obey an antitrust order.
    (AP, 2/27/08)
2008        Feb 27, French ambassador Bernard Bajolet said France has handed Algeria details of radioactive leaks from nuclear tests in the Algerian desert in the 1960s and should have acted earlier to clean up the damage.
    (Reuters, 2/27/08)
2008        Feb 27, Germany's highest court found that government surveillance of personal computers violates the individual right to privacy. German investigators said this will restrict their ability to pursue terrorists.
    (AP, 2/27/08)
2008        Feb 27, The German luxury carmaker BMW said that a restructuring plan aimed at boosting profitability would see the overall elimination of 8,100 jobs worldwide.
    (AP, 2/27/08)
2008        Feb 27, Shihab al-Timimi (74), the chief of the Iraqi Journalists' Union died of wounds suffered in an ambush on Feb 23. Shiite pilgrims headed to a major religious gathering were again targeted by extremists when a roadside bomb detonated near a bus in Baghdad, killing one traveler. US soldiers killed an Iraqi civilian who raised suspicion and failed to heed warnings to stop as he approached their foot patrol north of Baghdad. A young Iraqi man that may have been mentally disabled was shot and wounded after he ran toward a patrol in Tahrir. Jar Allah, also known as Abu Yasir al-Saudi, and another Saudi known only as Hamdan, were both killed in Mosul by a guided missile fired from a military helicopter. The wanted al-Qaida in Iraq leader was responsible for numerous attacks and including the bombing deaths of five American soldiers on Jan 28.
    (AP, 2/27/08)(AP, 2/28/08)(AP, 3/2/08)
2008        Feb 27, Japan and Israel shared their concerns about Iranian nuclear programs and agreed to cooperate to prevent Tehran from going nuclear.
    (AP, 2/27/08)
2008        Feb 27, A Palestinian rocket struck a college campus in southern Israel, killing one person and injuring a second. The Hamas militant group said it had fired more than 20 rockets into southern Israel, including eight at Sderot, the town near Gaza where the deadly strike took place. The rocket barrage came hours after an Israeli airstrike killed five Hamas militants earlier in the day. Late in the day Israeli aircraft attacked the empty office of Gaza's Hamas prime minister and the nearby Interior Ministry building. Palestinians said the blasts killed a baby and wounded two dozen people in the surrounding area.
    (AP, 2/27/08)(AP, 2/27/08)
2008        Feb 27, In Singapore Mas Selamat bin Kastari, an alleged leader of the Jemaah Islamiyah militant network, escaped from the Whitley Road Detention Centre. He was accused of planning to hijack a plane and crash it into the city's Changi Airport.
    (AFP, 2/28/08)
2008        Feb 27, Spanish judges acquitted 20 Islamic terror suspects of the most serious charges in an alleged plot to blow up a court, but convicted them of lesser offenses.
    (AP, 2/27/08)
2008        Feb 27, In Sudan unidentified gunmen attacked a village in Darfur, killing about 20 civilians. A Darfur rebel group blamed pro-government militiamen for the dawn raid.
    (AP, 2/28/08)
2008        Feb 27, Turkey said the death toll for rebels reached 230 during the operation in northern Iraq that began last week. The death toll for soldiers stood at 24. Troops killed 77 Kurdish rebels in night-long clashes with 5 Turkish soldiers killed.
    (AP, 2/27/08)
2008        Feb 27, Two Venezuelan helicopters left for Colombia on a mission to pick up four hostages held by rebels for more than six years. Rebels turned over four ex-lawmakers to representatives from Venezuela in the same region where they released two others on Jan 10.
    (AP, 2/27/08)(AP, 2/28/08)
2008        Feb 27, The WHO confirmed the first urban cases of yellow fever in Latin America in 60 years.
    (WSJ, 2/28/08, p.A1)

2008        Feb 28, The Pew Center on the States reported that 1% of adult Americans are in jail or prison, an all-time high that cost state governments nearly $50 billion a year in addition to over $5 billion spent by the federal government. The US led the world in the percentage of residents incarcerated with China a distant second.
    (SFC, 2/29/08, p.A7)
2008        Feb 28, It was reported that Aluminum Bahrain BSC had filed suit in federal court in Pittsburgh accusing Alcoa Corp. of a 15-year conspiracy involving overcharging, fraud and bribery.
    (WSJ, 2/28/08, p.A1)
2008        Feb 28, California’s Second District Court of Appeal ruled that California law requires parents to send their children to full-time public or private schools, or have them taught by credentialed tutors at home. The ruling put an estimated 166,000 children as possible truants. On March 7 Gov. Schwarzenegger denounced the ruling and promised to change the law if necessary to guarantee that parents are able to educate their children at home. On August 8 a state appeals court ruled that parents have a right to educate their children at home even if they lack a teaching credential.
    (SFC, 3/7/08, p.A1)(SFC, 3/8/08, p.A1)(SFC, 8/9/08, p.A1)
2008        Feb 28, It was reported that California state Senator Leland Yee has introduced a bill to let Daly City purchase the 68-acre Cow Palace property, owned by the state, and tear it down for redevelopment.
    (SFC, 2/28/08, p.A1)
2008        Feb 28, Under threat of legal action SF returned $2.7 million to the US Justice Dept. and promised to pay the rest. This was half of the $5.4 million it had received from 2004-2006 to prosecute alleged border crimes. Federal officials added demands for another $300,000 that SF received in 2007. The grants had been processed by Brad Burgess of the Public Resource management Group in Roseville, Ca.
    (SFC, 4/10/08, p.A1)
2008        Feb 28, In SF the new InterContinental Hotel opened at Fifth and Howard streets just in time for the 75th annual meeting of the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons.
    (SSFC, 2/24/08, p.C1)
2008        Feb 26, In SF the New College of California received official word that the Western Association of Schools and Colleges (WASC) had revoked accreditation. The school was forced to close later this year. Kaushal Niroula, an exchange student from Nepal, contributed significantly to the school’s closure following a binge of graft and murder.
    (SFC, 2/28/08, p.B1)(SSFC, 5/23/10, p.A1)
2008        Feb 28, At the TED conference in Monterey, Ca., Geneticist Craig Venter, who mapped his genome and the genetic diversity of the oceans, said he is creating a life form that feeds on climate-ruining carbon dioxide to produce fuel.
    (AFP, 2/28/08)
2008        Feb 28, In Las Vegas two vials of ricin were found a manager at the Extended Stay America motel. 2 days earlier police had found firearms and an “anarchist type textbook" there. Roger Von Bergendorff (57) was the last to stay in the room, and has been in critical condition since calling an ambulance on Feb. 14 complaining of respiratory distress. In April Bergendorff was indicted on federal charges that included possession of a biological toxin. Bergendorff was convicted and sentenced in November to 3½ years in federal prison.  
    (AP, 3/1/08)(SFC, 3/3/08, p.A4)(SFC, 4/23/08, p.A3)(SFC, 11/18/08, p.A8)
2008        Feb 28, Joseph M. Juran (b.1904), pioneer of quality control, died. Juran’s 80-20 rule states that that 80% of a firms problems stem from 20% of causes. He called this his Pareto principle, after Vilfredo Pareto (1848-1923), an Italian economist who noted that 20% of the population owned 80% of the property in Italy. Juran’s “Quality and Control Handbook" (1951) made his reputation. In 2004 he authored his memoir “Architect of Quality."
    (WSJ, 3/8/08, p.A7)
2008        Feb 28, In Afghan four militants died and another was wounded when the roadside bomb they were planting on a main road in Helmand exploded prematurely.
    (AP, 2/28/08)
2008        Feb 28, In western Antarctica a 160-square mile chunk of ice on the edge of the Wilkins ice shelf began collapsing. It had been there for some 1,500 years. In 2010 scientists suggested that break was the result of gravity waves generated by a series of storms on the coast of Patagonia.
    (SFC, 3/26/08, p.A4)(Econ, 2/20/10, p.79)
2008        Feb 28, In Bangladesh a ferry carrying more than 100 people collided with a cargo vessel and capsized in a river near Dhaka, killing at least 39 people with 20 missing.
    (AP, 2/28/08)(AP, 2/29/08)
2008        Feb 28, A bitterly divided Bolivian Congress approved a national vote on President Evo Morales' proposed constitution, which would grant greater political power to Bolivia's long-oppressed indigenous groups.
    (AP, 2/29/08)
2008        Feb 28, In Bulgaria a night train traveling from Sofia to the northeastern town of Kardam caught fire. Officials said at least eight people died, adding that the toll could rise.
    (AP, 2/29/08)
2008        Feb 28, The presidents of resource-hungry China and oil-rich Nigeria met ahead of the planned signing of energy deals in Beijing's latest overture to an African nation.
    (AFP, 2/28/08)
2008        Feb 28, In China at least 14 miners were missing after a cave-in at the Jianbao Coal Minein Jixi city. The mine owners in northeastern Heilongjiang province initially concealed the number of missing workers.
    (AP, 3/12/08)
2008        Feb 28, Cuba's government signed two key international human rights treaties that Fidel Castro long opposed, but said it had reservations about some provisions and accused the United States of impeding the Cuban people's enjoyment of their rights.
    (AP, 2/28/08)
2008        Feb 28, In Ecuador a landslide caused some 4,000 barrels of oil to spill from its main pipeline contaminating Coca River.
    (www.iht.com/articles/ap/2008/03/02/america/LA-FIN-Ecuador-Pipeline.php)
2008        Feb 28, The European Court of Human Rights ruled that a government may not deport an individual to a state where he may be at risk of torture or other ill-treatment.
    (Econ, 3/1/08, p.63)
2008        Feb 28, French President Nicolas Sarkozy, following talks with South African President Thabo Mbeki in South Africa, announced a "renegotiation" of all French military accords with African nations, arguing that France no longer had a "policing" role to play on the continent. French power giant Alstom announced a 1.36 billion euro (two-billion-dollar) contract for the construction of a coal-fuelled power plant in South Africa which is suffering from a severe electricity shortage.
    (AFP, 2/28/08)
2008        Feb 28, In Paris the body of former top model Katoucha Niane (47) was found in the River Seine. The former model and speaker against female circumcision went missing in January. Her 2007 book, "Katoucha, In My Flesh," described her own experience with female circumcision at age 9.
    (AP, 2/29/08)(AP, 3/7/08)
2008        Feb 28, An Indonesian court rejected a civil case against the youngest son of ex-dictator Suharto for alleged corruption and awarded him 550,000 dollars in a countersuit he filed.
    (AP, 2/28/08)
2008        Feb 28, In Iraq the US military captured an insurgent leader who was recruiting and training women, including his wife, to wrap themselves in explosives and blow themselves up, the latest sign that al-Qaida in Iraq plans to keep using women to carry out suicide attacks.
    (AP, 3/1/08)
2008        Feb 28, Kenya's rival politicians, aided by AU chairman Jakaya Kikwete, signed a power-sharing agreement and shook hands after weeks of bitter negotiations on how to end the country's deadly postelection crisis.
    (AP, 2/28/08)(Econ, 3/1/08, p.49)
2008        Feb 28, Israeli aircraft struck a series of targets throughout the Gaza Strip, killing 15 Palestinians, including 5 boys. Palestinian rocket fire continued throughout the day, lightly wounding two people. Hamza al-Haya, the son of hardline Hamas lawmaker Khalil al-Haya, was among those killed. Hamas said he had commanded a rocket-launching squad in northern Gaza.
    (AP, 2/28/08)(SFC, 2/29/08, p.A10)
2008        Feb 28, Liberia's Health Minister Walter Gwanigale said health services are chronically understaffed with only 51 native doctors in the west African nation.
    (AP, 2/28/08)
2008        Feb 28, The Madhesi in southern Nepal pledged to end violent protests and a paralyzing general strike after reaching an agreement with the government to establish autonomous regions in the Himalayan nation. 2 days after the Madhesi agreement the government signed another agreement with a 2nd alliance of ethnic and regional groups.
    (AP, 2/28/08)(Econ, 3/8/08, p.50)
2008        Feb 28, In Pakistan a predawn explosion killed up to 12 suspected militants in South Waziristan. A US drone was suspected.
    (SFC, 2/29/08, p.A10)
2008        Feb 28, Neil Bush, younger brother of US President George W. Bush, called on Paraguay's Pres. Nicanor Duarte as the guest of a business federation founded by the Rev. Sun Myung Moon.
    (AP, 3/1/08)
2008        Feb 28, Swedish and Norwegian authorities cracked down on terror financing, arresting six people in what Swedish investigators said were coordinated raids in Stockholm and Oslo.
    (AP, 2/28/08)
2008        Feb 28, Former Thai premier Thaksin Shinawatra vowed to clear his name on corruption charges and called for national unity as he flew home to a jubilant welcome from thousands of supporters.
    (AP, 2/28/08)

2008        Feb 29, US Defense Department officials announced that they had formally agreed to implement the long-discussed Defense Telephone Link (DTL) with China. The US and China established a hotline between their defense ministries.
    (www.armscontrol.org/act/2008_04/Hotline)(Econ, 10/24/09, SR p.9)
2008        Feb 29, The Ninth US circuit Court of appeals ruled that the US Navy must protect endangered whales from the potentially lethal effects of underwater sonar during anti-submarine training off the Southern California coast, rejecting Pres. Bush’s attempt to exempt the exercises from environmental laws.
    (SSFC, 3/2/08, p.A2)
2008        Feb 29, A divided Virginia Supreme Court affirmed the nation's first felony conviction for illegal spamming, ruling that Virginia's anti-spamming law does not violate free-speech rights.
    (AP, 2/29/08)
2008        Feb 29, At the annual TED conference in Monterey, Ca., writer Dave Eggers, cosmologist Neil Turok and religious scholar Karen Armstrong received awards and then made wishes to the TED community. Eggers wished that community members engage a local school and seek transformative change.
    (SFC, 3/1/08, p.C1)
2008        Feb 29, In southern Afghanistan Taliban militants blew up a telecommunications tower following a warning to phone companies to shut down the towers at night or face attack.
    (AP, 2/29/08)
2008        Feb 29, Algerian security forces chased some 30 Islamic insurgents planting roadside bombs back into their refuge east of the Algiers.
    (AP, 3/2/08)
2008        Feb 29, In Belgium lawyers said Belgian writer Misha Defonseca (71) has admitted that she made up her best-selling memoir, "Misha: A Memoire of the Holocaust Years," depicting how, as a Jewish child, she lived with a pack of wolves in the woods during the Holocaust.
    (AP, 2/29/08)
2008        Feb 29, In Brazil police killed six alleged drug gang members in Rio de Janeiro, while a bodyguard for the state security chief was shot dead what appeared to be an attempted robbery.
    (AP, 2/29/08)
2008        Feb 29, The British military decided to pull Prince Harry out of Afghanistan "immediately" after news of his deployment leaked out in foreign media.
    (AP, 2/29/08)
2008        Feb 29, China agreed to release sensitive records about missing US soldiers and establish a hot line to the Pentagon.
    (AP, 2/29/08)
2008        Feb 29, France and energy-hungry South Africa signed three economic accords, including one for the construction of a 1.36-billion euro coal-fuelled power plant by French energy giant Alstom.
    (AP, 2/29/08)
2008        Feb 29, In Ghana 9 Nigerians were sentenced to 5 years each for faking e-mails and letters, including one from the Ghanaian president, to dupe a Frenchman out of $185,000.
    (AFP, 3/10/08)
2008        Feb 29, In Guatemala an overcrowded bus plunged off a highway and rolled into a gully, killing 45 people and injuring 20 more.
    (AP, 3/1/08)
2008        Feb 29, In Iraq gunmen killed 3 people and abducted Chaldean Archbishop Paulos Faraj Rahho (65) soon after he left Mass in Mosul, the latest in what church members called a series of attacks against Iraq's small Christian community. A British serviceman was killed in a rocket attack in southern Iraq, taking the Britain’s death toll since the start of the conflict to 175.
    (AP, 3/1/08)(AFP, 3/1/08)
2008        Feb 29, Italy’s Eni SpA signed a major oil production agreement with Venezuela. Last month Eni said it had reached a compensation deal in which Venezuela agreed to a payment in excess of $700 million.
    (WSJ, 3/1/08, p.A5)
2008        Feb 29, Hundreds of Serb police in Kosovo vowed not to follow the orders of the Albanian-dominated force after the territory split from Serbia.
    (AP, 2/29/08)
2008        Feb 29, Hezbollah denounced the deployment of US warships off Lebanon and said it won't be intimidated. The US-backed Lebanese government distanced itself from the military move.
    (AP, 2/29/08)
2008        Feb 29, In Pakistan a suicide bomber killed at least 44 people and injured up to 90 in Peshawar. In the Swat Valley a police officer was killed in the northwestern Lakki Marwat district in a bomb blast along with three others. Later in the day during funeral ceremonies a suicide bomber rammed his car into a security vehicle, killing a civilian, a security official and injuring 21 others.
    (AFP, 3/1/08)
2008        Feb 29, Peruvian officials arrested seven members from the Coordinadora Continental Bolivariana, a Venezuela-based leftist movement, including the group's alleged leader, Roque Gonzalez, who spent eight years in prison for kidnapping a Bolivian politician. Two more alleged members were arrested on March 17 trying to carry in $65,000 from Ecuador, money Peruvian authorities suspect is Venezuelan. Coordinadora founder Fernando Rivero told The Associated Press in Venezuela that the group is entirely autonomous.
    (AP, 3/22/08)
2008        Feb 29, Two former Philippine presidents, once bitter foes, joined tens of thousands of protesters at a rally to press for President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo's resignation over a raging corruption scandal.
    (AP, 2/29/08)
2008        Feb 29, In Sri Lanka a suspected Tamil Tiger suicide bomber blew himself up injuring 7 people as police tried to search his house in the heavily-guarded Sri Lankan capital. In a massive search carried out shortly afterwards, police recovered six powerful Claymore mines, the type commonly used by Tamil Tiger rebels, from a house in the same area of Colombo.
    (AFP, 2/29/08)
2008        Feb 29, Turkey's military said it has ended a ground offensive against Kurdish rebels in Iraq, but said that foreign influence did not play a role in its decision.
    (AP, 2/29/08)
2008        Feb 29, The UN refugee agency said that 3,000 refugees from Darfur have arrived in Chad in the last week, bringing the total number to over 13,000 in February alone.
    (AFP, 2/29/08)

2008        Feb, In Abu Dhabi ground was broken on the Masdar Institute of Science and Technology, the 1st step in an initiative to foster renewable energy and environmental technologies. The Masdar Initiative was initially unveiled in 2006.
    (Econ, 4/26/08, p.40)(Econ, 12/6/08, TQ p.29)
2008        Feb, The 22-member Arab League approved restrictive guidelines for satellite channels.
    (SFC, 5/27/08, p.A9)
2008        Feb, In China poisoned food at a snack bar in the southern boomtown of Shenzhen, killed two diners and sickened 61 others. In 2009 two migrant workers were sentenced to death for the poisoning. Ke Bizhi was sentenced to death, while Wang Yingde was also given death but with the possibility of it being commuted to a life sentence if he shows good behavior over the next two years. Zhu Yuanlin, the businessman who masterminded the plot, was sentenced to life in prison. Another man was given 15 years for his role in the scheme.
    (AP, 2/24/09)
2008        Feb, Renault SA invested $1 billion for a 25% stake in Russian car maker OAO Avtovaz.
    (WSJ, 3/21/08, p.A1)(Econ, 6/7/08, p.74)
2008        Feb, India announced a debt waiver to some 30 million small farmers as part of its budget along with a massive job creation scheme for rural paupers.
    (Econ, 3/22/08, p.46)
2008        Feb, A Pakistani military assault into the Mehsud territory of South Waziristan was unaccountably called off after it killed over 1,000 Mehsud and Uzbek fighters.
    (Econ, 10/17/09, p.36)
2008        Feb, A senior Spanish judge issued arrest warrants against 40 Rwandan army officers, including 11 generals, for genocide and crimes against humanity related to events that took place between 1994 and 2000.
    (AFP, 9/1/11)
2008        Feb, Turkey and Pakistan signed agreements to produce cluster bomb munitions.
    (Econ, 5/24/08, p.80)

2008        Mar 1, It was reported that 78% of Americans say they belong to the Christian tradition, while 5% said they belong to other faiths.
    (Econ, 3/1/08, p.34)
2008        Mar 1, In Emory, Texas, a teenage girl joined her boyfriend and two others to help kill her mother and 2 brothers (8,13). Her parents had demanded that she break up with her boyfriend. Terry Caffey, the father, survived with 5 shots.
    (SFC, 3/3/08, p.A4)
2008        Mar 1, In eastern Afghanistan a roadside bomb struck a tractor, killing three people, including a woman and a child, and wounding seven others.
    (AP, 3/1/08)
2008        Mar 1, Algerian troops called in helicopters and assaulted a hideout with rockets and helicopter fire, killing 25 members of an al-Qaida affiliate in North Africa.
    (AP, 3/2/08)
2008        Mar 1, Armenian police forcefully dispersed a demonstration by several hundred opposition supporters who had camped out in the capital for more than a week to protest the results of presidential elections. The violent protests left eight dead and more than 100 injured and prompted President Robert Kocharian to declare a sweeping, 20-day state of emergency.
    (AP, 3/1/08)(AP, 3/2/08)
2008        Mar 1, In Australia up to 300,000 people lined Sydney's streets to watch the Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras, as the largest gay pride march in the Asia Pacific region marked its 30th anniversary.
    (AP, 3/1/08)
2008        Mar 1, BHP Billiton, Melbourne-based mining giant, said it plans to invest $975 million to upgrade and expand its thermal coal mines in South Africa to sustain coal exports amid soaring coal prices.
    (Reuters, 3/3/08)
2008        Mar 1, Colombia's defense minister said security forces killed Raul Reyes (59), a leading commander of the FARC rebel group, in combat and air strikes in neighboring Ecuador. Reyes was the nom de guerre of Luis Edgar Devia. 23 other rebels were also killed and a laptop computer was seized with documents indicating a close relationship between the rebels and Venezuela’s Pres. Chavez. Colombia later acknowledged that an Ecuadorean was killed during the raid. It was later reported that a computer memory stick was acquired in the raid that held the names, aliases and identity numbers of 9,387 rebels, including some photos.
    (AP, 3/1/08)(AP, 3/5/08)(Econ, 3/8/08, p.43)(AP, 3/24/08)(AP, 9/25/08)
2008        Mar 1, A violent storm plagued parts of Europe and deaths rose to 10 after two people in Poland were killed by falling objects because of hurricane-strength winds. Germany reported 2 deaths, the Czech Rep. 2 deaths and 4 more in Austria.
    (AP, 3/2/08)
2008        Mar 1, In Iraq 2 separate attacks on buses of Shiites killed five people and wounded 11. The US military said it had killed six insurgents and detained 13 suspects in the last 24 hours during operations against al-Qaida in Iraq in central and northern Iraq.
    (AP, 3/1/08)
2008        Mar 1, In Nepal some 1,300 makeshift bamboo huts were destroyed at the Goldhap refugee camp before the blaze was brought under control. The fire left estimated 10,000 refugees without shelter.
    (AP, 3/3/08)
2008        Mar 1, In Pakistan police formally charged top Pakistani Taliban commander Baitullah Mehsud with plotting the murder of Benazir Bhutto.
    (AP, 3/1/08)
2008        Mar 1, Palestinians called off peace talks with Israel after 33 Gazans, at least half of them civilians, were killed in violence that escalated sharply during the day. The death toll climbed as Israeli troops, backed by tanks and aircraft, went after Palestinian militants who fired 40 rockets and mortars at southern Israeli communities near Gaza. A total of 54 Palestinians, roughly half of them civilians, were killed in fighting, the highest single-day death toll in more than seven years of violence. Two Israeli soldiers also were killed.
    (AP, 3/1/08)(AP, 3/2/08)
2008        Mar 1, In the Philippines a bomb wounded two Filipino soldiers and four women at a bar near a military camp on Jolo Island, where US troops were conducting counterterrorism training.
    (AP, 3/2/08)
2008        Mar 1, In Spain thousands of pro-hunting demonstrators blowing bugles and accompanied by hunting dogs, thronged a boulevard in central Madrid to protest a law restricting the use of lead shot.
    (AP, 3/1/08)
2008        Mar 1, At least 69 nomads and nine soldiers were killed were killed in clashes with forces from the ex-rebel Sudan People's Liberation Army in southern Sudan.
    (AFP, 3/2/08)

2008        Mar 2, Ayman al-Zawahri, Al-Qaida's No. 2 leader, published "Exonerations," with al-Sahab, al-Qaida's media wing, on militant Islamic Web sites. The book slams radical militants who have disavowed armed struggle and turned their backs on violence.
    (AP, 3/2/08)
2008        Mar 2, In southern California Jamiel Shaw II (17) was gunned down by Pedro Espinoza, a 19-year-old illegal Mexican immigrant, in Arlington Heights, LA County. On Nov 2, 2012, Espinoza was sentenced to death.
    (http://tinyurl.com/n2oyxdn)
2008        Mar 2, Blind jazz guitarist Jeff Healey (41), known for his blues-based rock and his distinctive playing style, died in a Toronto hospital after a life-long battle with cancer.
    (Reuters, 3/3/08)
2008        Mar 2, Amaro da Costa, a senior East Timorese rebel soldier, surrendered. He was accused of being involved in last month's attacks on the country's president and prime minister.
    (Reuters, 3/2/08)
2008        Mar 2, In northern Honduras 8 people were shot dead at a billiards hall by gunmen disguised as policemen in San Pedro Sula, a city plagued by violent gangs and drug traffickers. Honduras last month began a nationwide effort to halt a rising wave of violence and stem the flow of guns on the street.
    (AP, 3/3/08)
2008        Mar 2, Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad said his landmark visit to Iraq opened a new chapter in "brotherly" relations between the two countries, which were once bitter enemies. 13 gunmen were killed and eight were injured in clashes with American and Iraqi forces in the town of Tal Afar. 2 police officers were also killed and four were injured. In two other separate attacks in Diyala, police reported that five people were killed when a roadside bomb hit a bus, while another assault killed a patrolling police officer. The US military found a grave in Samarra with 14 bodies, believed to be members of the Iraqi security forces executed by al-Qaida in Iraq. A car bomb in Samarra had killed four people, including one child. Police in Samarra, however, reported that at least seven people were killed and 10 people were injured. In central and northern Iraq US and Iraqi forces killed 9 suspected insurgents and detained 44 others in raids targeting al-Qaida. 3 Iraqi troops were killed in one of the operations. During the operation, the SWAT teams found bomb-making materials, a rocket-propelled grenade launcher, rifles, grenades, a landmine and ammunition.
    (AP, 3/2/08)(AP, 3/3/08)(AP, 3/6/08)
2008        Mar 2, Israeli aircraft sent missiles slamming into the office of the prime minister of Hamas-ruled Gaza before dawn, pressing forward with an offensive that has killed nearly 70 Palestinians in two days of fighting. A 21-month-old girl was among the dead in new violence. The Israeli onslaught failed to stop rockets from battering southern Israel. 9 were fired at southern Israel by midday, including one that struck a house in Sderot.
    (AP, 3/2/08)
2008        Mar 2, In northwestern Pakistan a suicide bomber blew himself up at a large meeting called by tribal elders pushing for peace, killing at least 40 people and injuring more than 100 in Darra Adam Khel in North West Frontier Province about 25 miles south of Peshawar.
    (AP, 3/2/08)
2008        Mar 2, Russians voted for a new president in an election likely to hand victory to First Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev, President Vladimir Putin's chosen successor, but criticized by the opposition for a lack of real competition. With 99.45 percent of the votes counted, Medvedev had 70.23 percent.
    (Reuters, 3/2/08)(AP, 3/3/08)
2008        Mar 2, In Sri Lanka artillery exchanges left at least 25 Tamil rebels and two Sri Lankan soldiers dead as Pres. Rajapakse vowed to destroy the separatist guerrillas.
    (AFP, 3/3/08)
2008        Mar 2, Thais went to the polls to vote in the country's first elections for the upper house of Parliament since a 2006 military coup ousted elected PM Thaksin Shinawatra.
    (AP, 3/2/08)
2008        Mar 2, Venezuela and Ecuador ordered troops to their borders with Colombia, sharply raising tensions after Colombia killed a top rebel leader on Ecuadorean soil. Ecuadorean troops recovered the seminude bodies of 15 rebels in their jungle camp. Soldiers also found three wounded women at the camp, a Mexican philosophy student injured by shrapnel and two Colombians, who were evacuated by helicopter to be treated.
    (AP, 3/3/08)

2008        Mar 3, The US and EU filed a WTO case against China demanding that it loosen restraints on foreign companies vying for a greater slice of the country's lucrative market for financial information.
    (AP, 3/3/08)
2008        Mar 3, In West Palm Beach, Florida, Alburn Edward Blake (60) opened fire inside a Wendy’s restaurant killing a paramedic and wounding 5 others before killing himself.
    (SFC, 3/4/08, p.A4)
2008        Mar 3, In Memphis, Tennessee, police found 6 bodies, including 2 men, 2 women and 2 boys, and 3 seriously wounded children, aged 1-12, in the Binghampton neighborhood. Jessie L. Dotson (33), the brother of one of the dead men and a convicted killer recently released from prison, was arrested March 7. In 2010 Dotson was convicted for the 6 murders and faced the death penalty.
    (SFC, 3/5/08, p.A5)(AP, 3/9/08)(SFC, 10/12/10, p.A6)
2008        Mar 3, In Washington state 3 new expensive homes went up in flames in the Seattle suburb of Woodinville. A spray painted sign was marked ELF, the initials of the Earth Liberation Front. 2 other homes had minor fire or smoke damage.
    (SFC, 3/4/08, p.A3)
2008        Mar 3, In eastern Afghanistan a suicide car bomber attacked a government building protected by NATO and Afghan troops. 2 NATO troops and two civilians died in the blast.
    (AP, 3/3/08)(AP, 3/4/08)
2008        Mar 3, Colin Norris (32), convicted of killing four elderly patients in northern England with insulin overdoses, was sentenced to life in prison. must serve at least 30 years before being eligible for parole. Norris was arrested in December 2002 but not charged until 2005.
    (AP, 3/4/08)
2008        Mar 3, The film "Away from Her" was the big winner at Canada's Genie Awards, winning seven statuettes, including best picture, best actor, best actress and best director for first-time filmmaker Sarah Polley.
    (Reuters, 3/4/08)
2008        Mar 3, Cambodia passed legislation on the “Suppression of Human Trafficking and Sexual Exploitation" to comply with the United States policy on human trafficking.
    (http://healthdev.net/site/post.php?s=3840)
2008        Mar 3, Ecuador's president said that his government was in "very advanced" talks with Colombian rebels to free 12 hostages, including former presidential candidate Ingrid Betancourt and three US contractors, but was thwarted by Colombia’s military raid. Venezuela and Ecuador expelled Colombia’s diplomats and cracked down on trade across the border.
    (AP, 3/4/08)
2008        Mar 3, Egyptian security forces detained at least 36 members of the Muslim Brotherhood, Egypt's strongest opposition group, including some likely candidates in local elections next month. The men were accused of belonging to a banned group, possessing anti-government literature and organizing unauthorized meetings. Egypt has arrested more than 230 members of the Islamist group since mid-February, taking the total number in detention to well over 550.
    (Reuters, 3/3/08)
2008        Mar 3, Parvin Ardalan (36), an Iranian women's rights activist, was to receive the 2007 Olof Palme award in Stockholm, Sweden, but was told just before her flight that she was not allowed to leave the country.
    (AP, 3/3/08)
2008        Mar 3, The UN Security Council imposed another round of sanctions on Iran for refusing to suspend uranium enrichment. Iran defiantly vowed to continue its nuclear program, which it insists is aimed only at generating power.
    (AP, 3/4/08)
2008        Mar 3, In Iraq Pres. Talabani and Iran’s Pres. Ahmadinejad signed 7 memorandums of understanding on issues including industrial development, trade and customs. At least 23 people were killed and dozens were wounded when two suicide car bombs exploded in different parts of Baghdad. 3 police officers were killed by a parked car bomb in the town of Shikaat, north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 3/3/08)
2008        Mar 3, Israeli ground troops pulled out of northern Gaza before daybreak, following the first extended sweep in an offensive against Palestinian rocket squads that has left more than 100 dead and led the Palestinian president to call off peace talks.
    (AP, 3/3/08)
2008        Mar 3, In western Kenya dozens of people with assault rifles and machetes stormed a village, killing at least 13 people, including six children. Some were burned alive in their homes. National Police spokesman Eric Kiraithe said the attack in Embakasi village was over land, not the country's disputed Dec. 27 presidential election.
    (AP, 3/3/08)
2008        Mar 3, In Myanmar 5 people were killed in execution-style shootings in the wealthy Yangon neighborhood where democracy icon Aung San Suu Kyi is under house arrest.
    (AFP, 3/4/08)
2008        Mar 3, A UN helicopter crashed while flying in bad weather in Nepal's mountainous east, killing at least 10 people.
    (AP, 3/3/08)
2008        Mar 3, A Red Cross official said more than 900 people have been stricken with typhoid in a city just south of the Philippine capital Manila. The disease was spread out in 18 villages.
    (AP, 3/3/08)
2008        Mar 3, Russia quelled protests in Moscow following the elections and reduced natural gas supplies to Ukraine over $600 million in alleged nonpayments for past deliveries.
    (WSJ, 3/4/08, p.A1)
2008        Mar 3, Saudi police arrested 28 suspected militants accused of trying to rebuild al-Qaida’s terror network in the kingdom.
    (WSJ, 3/4/08, p.A1)
2008        Mar 3, The US launched an airstrike on a Somali town held by Islamic extremists to go after a group of terrorist suspects. Three missiles hit Dobley, a town four miles from the Kenyan border, destroying a home and seriously injured eight people.
    (AP, 3/3/08)
2008        Mar 3, In Sri Lanka 14 rebels were killed in ongoing clashes with government forces.
    (AFP, 3/4/08)
2008        Mar 3, The Sri Lankan navy said it rescued 71 Burmese Bangladeshi citizens aboard a vessel that had drifted for 12 days in the Indian Ocean. 20 others had died from lack of food and water.
    (SFC, 3/4/08, p.A3)
2008        Mar 3, The UN in Sudan accused a rebel group of blocking access to a mountainous area in Darfur where 20,000 people are trapped after fighting between government and rebels.
    (Reuters, 3/3/08)
2008        Mar 3, Tens of thousands of Syrians filled the central square of the capital to protest an Israeli offensive in the Gaza Strip that has left scores of Palestinians dead.
    (AP, 3/3/08)

2008        Mar 4, John McCain clinched the Republican nomination. Hillary Clinton won primaries in Texas, Ohio and Rhode Island, halting Barack Obama's winning streak. Obama won in Vermont. Obama came away with a large share of delegates, too, in counting that continued.
    (AP, 3/5/08)
2008        Mar 4, In Vermont voters in Brattleboro and Marlboro passed a nonbinding, symbolic measure that instructs town police to arrest President George W. Bush and Vice President Dick Cheney for "crimes against our Constitution" and "extradite them to other authorities that may reasonably contend to prosecute them."
    (Reuters, 3/5/08)
2008        Mar 4, Platinum prices spiked to an all-time peak at $2,279.25.
    (AP, 3/5/08)
2008        Mar 4, Gary Gygax (b.1938), co-creator of the role-playing Dungeons & Dragons game, died in Lake Geneva, Wisconsin. Gygax and Don Kaye had founded Tactical Studies Rules (TSR) in 1973. In 1974 Gygax and David Arneson published D&D. In 1997 TSR was sold to Wizards of the Coast.
    (WSJ, 3/8/08, p.A7)(Econ, 3/15/08, p.102)
2008        Mar 4, In eastern Afghanistan a suicide car bomb exploded near a government compound, killing a policeman. The bombing, claimed by the extremist Taliban, was the fifth in a week in the eastern province of Khost. In southwestern Nimroz province Taliban militants attacked a police checkpoint, and the ensuing two-hour gunbattle left three policemen dead. Near Hyderabad, Afghanistan, an Afghan man was killed. Master Sgt. Joseph D. Newel faced allegations in the case that included premeditated murder; wrongfully mutilating a dead body; larceny; and violation of a lawful order. In 2009 Newell was acquitted of premeditated murder and mutilation.
    (AFP, 3/4/08)(AP, 3/5/08)(http://shadowspear.com/vb/showthread.php?t=13756)(SFC, 2/26/09, p.A4)
2008        Mar 4, Ethnic Armenian and Azerbaijani forces exchanged fire for hours near the disputed territory of Nagorno-Karabakh. Azerbaijan warned it could try to reclaim the disputed region. Soldiers were killed and wounded on both sides. Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty said in a statement that its two Armenian affiliates halted the broadcasts to comply with an emergency decree that allows media to only report news that is sanctioned by the government.
    (AP, 3/5/08)(WSJ, 3/5/08, p.A1)
2008        Mar 4, The Reserve Bank of Australia raised its official cash-rate target by a quarter point to 7.25% in an effort to tighten credit as inflation remained problematic.
    (WSJ, 3/5/08, p.A2)
2008        Mar 4, An Australian aquaculture company claimed a world first in artificially breeding endangered southern bluefin tuna.
    (AP, 3/4/08)
2008        Mar 4, The US embassy in Sarajevo said the US government has cut development aid to the political party of Bosnian Serb PM Milorad Dodik because of its nationalist policy.
    (AP, 3/4/08)
2008        Mar 4, In Brazil police used rubber bullets and tear gas to remove 900 activists from a tree farm they had invaded to highlight allegations its Swedish-Finnish operators violated a law forbidding foreign companies from owning certain lands.
    (AP, 3/4/08)
2008        Mar 4, The Bank of Canada slashed its overnight interest rate by 50 basis points for the first time since November 2001, lowering it to 3.5% and signaling further cuts to shield the economy from the damaging effects of the US slowdown.
    (Reuters, 3/4/08)
2008        Mar 4, China said its defense spending would jump 17.6 percent this year but insisted the rise was moderate, amid a flare-up in tensions with the United States over Beijing's growing military muscle.
    (AP, 3/4/08)
2008        Mar 4, China and Russia scuttled a Western attempt to introduce a resolution on Iran's nuclear defiance at a meeting of the International Atomic Energy Agency.
    (AP, 3/4/08)
2008        Mar 4, Costa Rican police detained 14 people, including a family court judge and a lawyer, on suspicion of participating in a scheme in which mothers allegedly were paid to give up their babies.
    (AP, 3/4/08)
2008        Mar 4, In Cairo US Sec. of State Condoleezza Rice said she has released $100 million in military aid to Egypt after telling the US Congress the money was necessary for national security reasons. Police arrested 54 members of Egypt's largest opposition movement, the first day for registration of candidates for key local council elections.
    (Reuters, 3/4/08)(AP, 3/4/08)
2008        Mar 4, France pinned the blame on Sudanese forces for a shooting near the border with Chad that left one French soldier wounded and another missing and asked Sudanese authorities for help in locating the missing soldier. Sgt. Gilles Pollin’s remains were formally identified Mar 7 and flown to Paris from Khartoum.
    (AP, 3/4/08)(AP, 3/7/08)
2008        Mar 4, Israel said it would return to Hamas-ruled Gaza if necessary as it mounted new airstrikes on the Palestinian territory after militants fired more rockets at a nearby Israeli town. Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas declared that peace is his first choice in the Mideast and visiting Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice exhorted Israel to "spare innocent life" in the latest upsurge in fighting in Hamas-ruled Gaza. Palestinians fired three rockets at Israel. About 25 Israeli armored vehicles rumbled into southern Gaza and clashed with militants after nightfall. A 1-month-old baby was killed in the crossfire. A local Islamic Jihad leader was killed and 8 militants and 3 civilians were wounded.
    (AP, 3/4/08)(AP, 3/5/08)
2008        Mar 4, Israel has said Hezbollah is rearming and has an arsenal that includes 10,000 long-range rockets and 20,000 short-range rockets in southern Lebanon, according to a report from Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon.
    (AP, 3/4/08)
2008        Mar 4, Italian police said they have seized 150 million euros of property and goods from feuding Calabrian mafia clans who are under investigation for the murder of six Italians outside a pizzeria in Germany last year.
    (Reuters, 3/4/08)
2008        Mar 4, Ian Paisley, the fiery Protestant preacher who reversed a lifetime of stubbornness to embrace an unlikely peace, announced his retirement as leader of Northern Ireland's power-sharing government with Roman Catholics.
    (AP, 3/4/08)
2008        Mar 4, In Pakistan 2 suicide bombers blew themselves up at a prestigious naval college in the eastern city of Lahore, killing at least five people and injuring 19.
    (AP, 3/4/08)
2008        Mar 4, The Rwandan government and the UN signed a deal allowing detainees sentenced by the UN-backed court on the Rwanda genocide to be jailed in Rwanda.
    (AFP, 3/5/08)
2008        Mar 4, In Sri Lanka 7 rebels were killed in ongoing clashes as government forces pushed deeper into Tamil Tiger territory. 3 days of fighting left at least 90 guerrillas and nine government soldiers dead.
    (AFP, 3/4/08)
2008        Mar 4, In southern Sudan activists warned that the 2006 arrival of White Nile Petroleum Company (WNPOC), a consortium led by Malaysia's Petronas, in Unity State threatens the Sudd wetlands, the world's largest maze of swamps, lagoons and tributaries. Villagers said thousands were forcefully evicted to make way for the low-sulphur crude oil venture. They lost ancestral homes, died from contamination and saw livelihoods jeopardized.
    (AFP, 3/4/08)
2008        Mar 4, Officials said Turkey is ready to take part in a planned Mediterranean Union after winning assurances that it is not meant as a substitute for Ankara's eventual EU membership.
    (AP, 3/4/08)
2008        Mar 4, Ugandan troops clashed with rebels from the Lord's Resistance Army inside neighboring Sudan.
    (AFP, 3/6/08)
2008        Mar 4, Ukraine's natural gas company warned that if Russia further cuts its gas supplies, it could begin diverting shipments intended for western Europe.
    (AP, 3/4/08)

2008        Mar 5, The US Federal Housing Authority (FHA) raised loan limits in California.
    (WSJ, 3/6/08, p.A1)
2008        Mar 5, Hillary Rodham Clinton, fresh off a campaign-saving comeback, hinted at the possibility of sharing the Democratic presidential ticket with Barack Obama, with her at the top. Obama played down his losses, stressing that he still holds the lead in number of delegates.
    (AP, 3/5/08)
2008        Mar 5, Hassan Abu-Jihaad (b.1976 as Paul R. Hall), a former US sailor, was convicted by a jury for disclosing in 2001 the location of Navy ships and their weaknesses to someone suspected of financing terrorism. In 2009 he was sentenced to 10 years in prison, the maximum penalty for his crime.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hassan_Abujihaad)
2008        Mar 5, Oil surged to a new record high closing at 104.52 on the NY Mercantile Exchange. The previous inflation-adjusted high of $103.76 was reached in April 1980.
    (WSJ, 3/6/08, p.A3)
2008        Mar 5, According to a study released by Fidelity Investments a couple retiring this year will need about $225,000 in savings to cover medical costs in retirement.
    (AP, 3/5/08)
2008        Mar 5, Dirk Kemphorne,  US Interior Sec., released a flood of water from the Glen Canyon Dam to help restore the Colorado River ecosystem. The canyon had been flooded 2 times earlier in 1996 and 2004.
    (SFC, 3/6/08, p.A12)
2008        Mar 5, In North Carolina Eve Carson (22), Univ. of North Carolina student body president, was found dead on a street not far from the Chapel Hill campus. She had been shot several times, including once in the right temple. On March 12 Lawrence Alvin  Lovette Jr. (17) and Demario James Atwater (21) were charged with first-degree murder in the death of Carson. A day later Lovette was also charged with first-degree murder in the death of Abhijit Mahato, a doctoral student in computational mechanics, who was found shot to death inside his apartment a few blocks south of Duke's campus in January. In 2010 Atwater pleaded guilty to several federal crimes and agreed to a life sentence.
    (AP, 3/8/08)(AP, 3/13/08)(SFC, 4/20/10, p.A6)
2008        Mar 5, Joseph Weizenbaum (b.1923), a computer programmer who helped advance artificial intelligence only to become a critic of the technology later in his life, died. He was a professor at MIT when in 1966 he introduced ELIZA, named for Eliza Doolittle, the heroine of "My Fair Lady." The program allowed a person to "converse" with a computer, using what the person said to create the computer's reply.
    (AP, 3/13/08)(WSJ, 3/15/08, p.A6)
2008        Mar 5, Australia cancelled a one billion dollar (930 million US) contract for US-made Seasprite helicopters following a review of the troubled project.
    (AFP, 3/5/08)
2008        Mar 5, In Central African Republic rebels killed five government soldiers and lost one of their own men in 2 days of clashes near the country's northwestern border with Chad.
    (Reuters, 3/7/08)
2008        Mar 5, In northwest China a hijacker in Xi’an armed with explosives took a group of Australian tourists and a translator hostage before police shot and killed him. A fire at a coal mine in northeastern China killed 17 people.
    (AP, 3/5/08)(AFP, 3/5/08)
2008        Mar 5, In China at least 13 miners were missing at the Taiyuan Coal Mine in Hegang city. 43 men were trapped when the mine caught fire, but 30 were rescued. The mine owners in northeastern Heilongjiang province initially concealed the number of missing workers.
    (AP, 3/12/08)
2008        Mar 5, The Washington-based OAS declared Colombia’s attack on rebels in Ecuador a violation of Ecuador's sovereignty and called for OAS Secretary-General Jose Miguel Insulza to lead a delegation to both countries to ease tensions. But the resolution stopped short of explicitly condemning the assault. Pres. Chavez said Venezuela will search for other countries like Ecuador, Brazil and Argentina to replace products imported from Colombia.
    (AP, 3/6/08)
2008        Mar 5, In Egypt police arrested 86 Brotherhood members in several provinces. All faced charges of belonging to an illegal group and possessing Brotherhood-related promotional leaflets.
    (AP, 3/6/08)
2008        Mar 5, The EU urged Serbia to make clear it saw its future with Europe and laid out incentives on visas, education and transport to try to boost the bloc's image in the Balkans.
    (AP, 3/5/08)
2008        Mar 5, In Germany scores of flights were canceled as hundreds of airport workers walked off the job at several airports, part of a wider labor action to win higher pay for public service workers.
    (AP, 3/5/08)
2008        Mar 5, Iraq's cabinet gave the green light to the Oil Ministry to sign agreements with international oil companies to help increase the nation's crude output. An Iraqi official said Turkish warplanes attacked Kurdish separatist rebels in northern Iraq less than a week after the end of a large-scale ground operation. The US military freed two former Health Ministry officials after an Iraqi court dropped charges of kidnapping, murder, and corruption stemming from Shiite militia activity.
    (AP, 3/5/08)
2008        Mar 5, In western Japan 3 vessels collided in a strait, killing one Filipino crew member and leaving three others missing when their cargo ship sank. The body of Gold Leader's captain, Tomas Nirid Demandaco Jr. (51), was found the next day. A suspected right-wing activist committed suicide by shooting himself in the head in front of Japan's parliament in apparent protest against Japan's warming ties with China.
    (AP, 3/5/08)(AP, 3/6/08)
2008        Mar 5, In Myanmar pro-democracy party of detained opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi's said they had failed in a bid to sue the military government for not recognizing their 1990 election victory.
    (AP, 3/5/08)
2008        Mar 5, An aid group said North Korea executed 15 people trying to flee of helping others escape.
    (WSJ, 3/6/08, p.A1)
2008        Mar 5, In Pakistan a court quashed corruption cases against Asif Ali Zardari, the husband of slain former PM Benazir Bhutto. In the North West Frontier (NWFP) the Awami National Party (ANP) signed a provincial power sharing agreement with the Pakistan People’s Party.
    (AP, 3/5/08)(Econ, 3/22/08, p.46)
2008        Mar 5, Visiting Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice persuaded Palestinians to return to peace talks. President Mahmoud Abbas said he will resume peace talks with Israel, backing off a threat to boycott negotiations until Israel reaches a truce with Hamas militants in Gaza.
    (AP, 3/5/08)
2008        Mar 5, Philippine officials said soaring oil prices and the rising cost of living have driven nearly four million people in the Philippines back into poverty.
    (AP, 3/5/08)
2008        Mar 5, In Puerto Rico public school teachers voted to suspend a 10-day strike that shuttered classrooms and sparked clashes between protesters and police.
    (AP, 3/5/08)
2008        Mar 5, Sweden’s Karolinska Institute said researchers have discovered a protein that stimulates the formation of fat cells, a finding that could potentially be used to treat obesity.
    (AP, 3/5/08)
2008        Mar 5, Russia's state gas monopoly announced that it was ending a reduction in natural gas supplies to Ukraine after the two countries' presidents and gas company chiefs reached an agreement aimed at ending a debt and contract dispute.
    (AP, 3/5/08)
2008        Mar 5, In Somalia a firefight between Islamic insurgents and Somali police at a checkpoint outside the capital has left five people dead.
    (AP, 3/6/08)
2008        Mar 5, South Ossetia appealed for international recognition as an independent nation, further adding to simmering tensions in Georgia and throughout the strategic South Caucasus region.
    (AP, 3/6/08)
2008        Mar 5, Turkmenistan's state media reported that President Berdymukhamedov had approved a plan to reward women who give birth to eight or more children, a one-time bonus and lifetime perks.
    (AP, 3/5/08)
2008        Mar 5, A NATO official said that Uzbekistan has allowed some members of the alliance, including the US, to use an air base on its territory in a signal of thawing relations with the West.
    (AP, 3/5/08)

2008        Mar 6, In Nevada letters began arriving this week to patients who received injected anesthesia at the endoscopy center from March 2004 to mid-January were urged to get tested for hepatitis B and C, and HIV. The Las Vegas clinic was found to be reusing syringes and vials of medication for nearly four years.
    (AP, 3/6/08)
2008        Mar 6, A lawmaker said Abkhazia, a region that broke away from Georgian government control in the 1990s, intends to seek international recognition as an independent nation, citing Kosovo as a precedent.
    (AP, 3/6/08)
2008        Mar 6, In Albania a boat carrying partygoers celebrating the birthday of 5-year-old twins sank just after midnight in a lake near the capital, killing 16 people, including the two children.
    (AP, 3/6/08)
2008        Mar 6, Britain unveiled a timetable for the introduction of controversial biometric identity cards, starting with non-European foreigners who will be obliged to have them from later this year.
    (AP, 3/6/08)
2008        Mar 6, In Britain the Public and Commercial Services union (PCS) said that up to 700 hundred personnel of the Maritime and Coastguard Agency (MCA) had begun a 24-hour stoppage in response to poor pay conditions and below-inflation wage increases over the past few years.
    (AFP, 3/6/08)
2008        Mar 6, In Colombia Pedro Pablo Montoya, a guerrilla known as Rojas, came to government troops with the severed right hand of FARC rebel leader Ivan Rios (46), a laptop computer and ID, saying he had killed his boss three days earlier. Rojas handed himself over to the soldiers. The US State Department had a bounty of $5 million for Rios' capture. In 2011 Rojas was sentenced to 40 years for his role in a 1999 attack on the northwestern town of Narino, in which 9 police and 7 civilians were killed. A march protesting the Colombian government and paramilitary death squads drew tens of thousands of people and 6 organizers were killed.
    (AP, 3/7/08)(AP, 3/14/08)(AP, 11/10/11)
2008        Mar 6, In Egypt police arrested 26 members of the Muslim Brotherhood in an ongoing crackdown on Egypt's largest Islamic opposition group ahead of next month's local election.
    (AP, 3/6/08)
2008        Mar 6, Greece's main power company extended rolling blackouts as a strike by the company's workers entered its fourth day.
    (AP, 3/6/08)
2008        Mar 6, Officials said authorities in Indian Kashmir have begun poisoning stray dogs in an anti-rabies drive that aims to kill some 100,000 dogs in the region's main city.
    (AP, 3/6/08)
2008        Mar 6, In Iraq an attack killed 68 people in a Baghdad shopping district. 120 were wounded. Many of the victims were teens or young adults.
    (AP, 3/7/08)
2008        Mar 6, A gunman infiltrated a Jewish seminary in Jerusalem and opened fire in a library, killing 8 students and wounding dozens before an Israeli army officer nearby shot the gunman dead. In Gaza, the Islamic militant Hamas praised the attack.
    (AP, 3/6/08)(AP, 3/7/08)
2008        Mar 6, Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega announced that he is breaking off relations with Colombia because of his country's opposition to the Colombian raid on a guerrilla base in Ecuador.
    (AP, 3/6/08)
2008        Mar 6, A massive power outage struck Pakistan's largest city of Karachi and left the entire city of more than 15 million people without electricity.
    (AP, 3/6/08)
2008        Mar 6, Palestinian militants ambushed an Israeli army jeep on the border with Gaza, killing one soldier and wounding three. Deputies of Egypt's intelligence chief Omar Suleiman met with officials from the Islamic militant Hamas and the smaller Islamic Jihad in the Egyptian Sinai city of el-Arish to persuade Hamas to accept a truce that would halt rocket attacks.
    (AP, 3/6/08)
2008        Mar 6, Serbia's tottering coalition government voted down a bid by nationalist PM Vojislav Kostunica to rule out any deal with the EU until it revokes the independence of Kosovo.
    (AP, 3/6/08)
2008        Mar 6, K. Sivanesan (51), a Sri Lankan Tamil lawmaker, was killed in a roadside bomb attack by government security forces. At least 61 Tamil Tiger rebels and five government troops were killed in 2 days of fresh fighting across Sri Lanka's embattled north.
    (AFP, 3/6/08)(AFP, 3/7/08)
2008        Mar 6, Journalists and a security official said Sudanese authorities have reimposed daily censorship of newspapers after they published reports accusing the government of backing Chadian rebels.
    (Reuters, 3/6/08)
2008        Mar 6, Viktor Bout, a suspected Russian arms dealer, was arrested at a five-star hotel in downtown Bangkok on allegations that he supplied Colombian rebels with arms and explosives. He had been accused of flouting UN embargoes and was wanted by Interpol.
    (AP, 3/6/08)
2008        Mar 6, A Kurdish demonstrator wounded a day earlier in clashes with police in eastern Turkey died of his injuries.
    (AP, 3/7/08)
2008        Mar 6, About 700 Turkish school children were hospitalized for apparent food poisoning.
    (AP, 3/6/08)

2008        Mar 7, Pres. Bush called an impromptu new conference to calm fears following news of a 63,000 job loss nationwide in February. The January job loss was 22,000. The Federal Reserve said it plans to make $100 billion available to banks in March to ease the credit crises.
    (SFC, 3/8/08, p.C1)
2008        Mar 7, US Congressman questioned ex-corporate CEOs on executive compensation as their companies lost billions in the subprime debacle.
    (SFC, 3/8/08, p.C1)(WSJ, 3/8/08, p.A3)
2008        Mar 7, The IRS said it will spend nearly $42 million on letters alerting taxpayers to coming rebates.
    (WSJ, 3/8/08, p.A1)
2008        Mar 7, Texas oilman David Chalmers was sentenced to two years in prison after admitting to paying millions of dollars in kickbacks to Iraq in connection with the UN oil-for-food program.
    (AP, 3/8/08)
2008        Mar 7, David Gale (b.1921), UC mathematician, died. In 1962 he and UCLA Prof. Lloyd Shapley proposed a solution to the “stable marriage problem." The paper proved a fertile contribution to real cases of “two-sided matching."
    (WSJ, 3/28/08, p.A6)
2008        Mar 7, Algerian authorities seized 2 tons of cannabis on the border with Morocco. 2 more tons were seized Mar 3. The total was valued at around 4 million euros.
    (AP, 3/9/08)
2008        Mar 7, Captain Paul Watson of the Sea Shepherd Conservation Society, a protest ship harassing Japanese whalers in the Southern Ocean, said he was shot in a high-seas clash and his crew members pelted with flash grenades, injuring one. Australian Foreign Minister Stephen Smith and Japanese officials insisted only warning devices were fired.
    (AFP, 3/7/08)
2008        Mar 7, Australian officials said police have rescued 10 South Korean women who were forced to work in a Sydney brothel by a sex slavery syndicate that lured them to Australia with promises of legitimate jobs.
    (AP, 3/7/08)
2008        Mar 7, The Belarusian Foreign Ministry said it has demanded that the US ambassador leave the country and recalled its ambassador in the US over Washington's economic sanctions against the ex-Soviet nation.
    (AP, 3/7/08)
2008        Mar 7, Francis Pym (86), former Northern Ireland secretary (1973-74) under Edward Heath, died after a long illness. He also served as former PM Margaret Thatcher’s foreign secretary during the Falklands War (1982) but was fired in 1983 and became a Thatcher antagonist.
    (AP, 3/8/08)
2008        Mar 7, A flight crew prevented an apparent attempt to crash a China Southern flight from Urumqi. Officials later said a Uighur woman attempted to start a fire on board the flight to Beijing. No passengers were injured. In northern Hebei province 10 people were killed in a collision between a bus and a truck loaded with coal.
    (AP, 3/9/08)(AP, 3/7/08)(Econ, 3/22/08, p.29)
2008        Mar 7, At a summit in the Dominican Republic the presidents of Colombia, Venezuela and Ecuador agreed to end a bitter dispute triggered by a Colombian cross-border raid with testy handshakes and an apology.
    (AP, 3/8/08)
2008        Mar 7, An official said Egypt is building a 13-foot high concrete and rock wall interspersed with watch towers along its narrow boundary with the Gaza Strip to prevent Hamas militants from breaching the border.
    (AP, 3/7/08)
2008        Mar 7, Bombings in the northern city of Mosul killed at least 4 people and wounded 46. Twin bombings in the central part of the city killed one person and injured 14 others. An American soldier was killed during an operation in Diyala province.
    (AP, 3/7/08)(AP, 3/8/08)
2008        Mar 7, Mexican soldiers seized assault rifles, grenades, marijuana and bulletproof vests bearing police insignia after a brief shootout in the border city of Tijuana. Police commander Ricardo Rodriguez was shot dead in a city plaza by gunmen who opened fire with assault rifles from a moving car.
    (AP, 3/7/08)
2008        Mar 7, Both of Spain's major political parties called off all election campaigning nationwide after Isaias Carrasco, a former city councilman, was shot dead in the Basque region just two days before general elections.
    (AP, 3/7/08)
2008        Mar 7, Suspected Kurdish rebels killed a civilian and took another hostage in a southern Turkish province near the border with Syria.
    (AP, 3/7/08)

2008        Mar 8, Calls to end forced marriage, domestic abuse and job discrimination marked International Women's Day as demonstrators took to the streets worldwide.
    (AFP, 3/8/08)
2008        Mar 8, Over 20 inches of snow in Columbus, Ohio, eclipsed the February 1910 record of 15.3 inches. At least 7 deaths were linked to the Midwest snowstorm.
    (SFC, 3/10/08, p.A6)
2008        Mar 8, Sen. Barack Obama captured the Wyoming Democratic caucuses, seizing a bit of momentum in the close, hard-fought race with rival Sen. Hillary Rodham Clinton for the party's presidential nomination.
    (AP, 3/9/08)
2008        Mar 8, In Algeria Al Qaeda's wing in north Africa said in an Internet posting that it has killed 20 Algerian soldiers and wounded 30 in clashes in its eastern stronghold, where the army has launched a campaign against the rebels.
    (Reuters, 3/9/08)
2008        Mar 8, In Colombia a stadium brawl at a soccer rivalry game left about 80 people wounded in the city of Cali, 18 of them with stab wounds.
    (AP, 3/9/08)
2008        Mar 8, India awarded Russia a 965-million-dollar contract to upgrade its multi-role MiG-29 warplanes. The two post-Cold War allies signed the deal to extend the life of India's fleet of 70 MiG-29 jets another 15 years from their current 25 years.
    (AFP, 3/10/08)
2008        Mar 8, As many as 5,000 people took to the streets in Basra, protesting deteriorating security in the southern city where Iraqi forces assumed responsibility for safety last December. Two separate bombings in Diyala province left six people dead. The US military said that Iraqi security forces had discovered a mass grave near Khalis in Diyala province containing perhaps 100 bodies. Police also reported that the bullet-ridden bodies of 13 men were found near the same town.
    (AP, 3/8/08)
2008        Mar 8, It was reported that Kenya’s wild animal populations has fallen by about 70% in the last 30 years.
    (Econ, 3/8/08, p.86)
2008        Mar 8, Malaysia's ruling coalition was dealt a shock rebuke in elections that looked set to deliver the key state of Penang to the opposition as well as a slice of its majority in parliament. The National Front won only 140 seats, or 63 percent of the constituencies, losing its two-thirds majority for the first time since 1969 and slumping from its 2004 landslide victory when it won 91 percent of the seats. An alliance of three opposition parties also secured control of 5 of Malaysia’s 13 state administrations. The Democratic Action party won the Penang legislative assembly, becoming the first opposition party to win in Penang in over 40 years.
    (AFP, 3/8/08)(AP, 3/9/08)(WSJ, 3/10/08, p.A3)(Econ, 8/13/11, p.40)
2008        Mar 8, North Korea’s official news agency reported that leader Kim Jong Il hopes for stronger friendship with Syria, amid lingering suspicions of a secret nuclear connection between the two countries.
    (AP, 3/8/08)
2008        Mar 8, Rwandan President Paul Kagame announced a major cabinet reshuffle which saw the appointment of seven new ministers.
    (AFP, 3/8/08)
2008        Mar 8, Serbian PM Vojislav Kostunica announced his resignation, saying his government was no longer functioning because of disunity in the coalition.
    (Reuters, 3/8/08)
2008        Mar 8, In Turkey Iraq's Pres. Jalal Talabani, on the 2nd day of his visit, said he wants a "strategic" partnership with Turkey, including getting the neighboring nation's businesses to invest in his oil-rich but war-torn country.
    (AP, 3/8/08)

2008        Mar 9, In Cupertino, Ca., 2 racing cyclists, Kristy Gough (30) and Mat Peterson (29), were killed during a training ride when a deputy sheriff veered into the opposite lane of traffic on Stevens Canyon Road. Officer James Council (27) said he had fallen asleep at the wheel. In 2009 Council was sentenced to 4 months in jail and 800 hours of community service.
    (SFC, 3/10/08, p.A1)(SFC, 3/10/08, p.A1)(SFC, 3/12/08, p.C1)(SFC, 6/26/09, p.B1)
2008        Mar 9, Thousands of Afghan students in Jalalabad chanted slogans and burned Danish and Dutch flags in the latest in a series of protests over perceived insults against Islam. 4 militants were killed in clashes with Afghan and foreign troops in the Korengal Valley in the eastern province of Kunar.
    (AP, 3/9/08)(AP, 3/11/08)
2008        Mar 9, In Argentina a passenger train slammed into a bus at a rural rail crossing before dawn, killing 18 people and leaving at least 47 others injured.
    (AP, 3/9/08)
2008        Mar 9, In Tanta, Egypt, at least 5,000 members of the opposition Muslim Brotherhood demonstrated against government attempts to block members from registering their candidacy in April's key local elections.
    (AP, 3/9/08)
2008        Mar 9, French voters went to the polls for local elections predicted to deliver yet more bad news to Nicolas Sarkozy, whose popularity has plummeted since his triumphant presidential victory last year.
    (AP, 3/9/08)
2008        Mar 9, In Hungary 80% of voters in a referendum rejected small charges for doctor visits, and hospital stays as well as tuition fees for higher education.
    (Econ, 3/29/08, p.67)
2008        Mar 9, An Israeli Construction Ministry official said PM Ehud Olmert has approved new construction in a West Bank settlement outside Jerusalem. An Israeli soldier wounded by Gaza militants in a border ambush on Mar 6 died of his wounds. The news immediately drew Palestinian condemnation.
    (AP, 3/9/08)
2008        Mar 9, An army operation began in western Kenya pursuing members of a group linked to bloody clashes over land. Up to 30,000 people fled their homes.
    (AP, 3/10/08)
2008        Mar 9, Moroccan security forces arrested 19 members of the country's largest Islamic opposition group. Another 25 were arrested as day earlier after they tried to hold marches in solidarity with the Palestinians.
    (Reuters, 3/10/08)
2008        Mar 9, Former Pakistani PM Nawaz Sharif said he would join the late Benazir Bhutto's party in a coalition, raising the prospect of a government hostile to President Pervez Musharraf. Asif Zardari and Nawaz Sharif declared they would work together in what came to be called the Murree declaration.
    (Reuters, 3/9/08)(Econ, 3/15/08, p.52)
2008        Mar 9, Spaniards voted in a general election after a divisive campaign dominated by economic concerns. PM Zapatero won re-election as the Socialists gained five seats for a total of 169 in the 350-seat parliament. The opposition conservative Popular Party (PP) also gained five seats to reach 153, while smaller left-wing parties and some nationalist parties lost ground.
    (AP, 3/9/08)(AP, 3/10/08)(WSJ, 3/10/08, p.A1)
2008        Mar 9, A government newspaper reported that Zimbabwe’s President Robert Mugabe has signed into law a bill giving local owners the right to take majority control of foreign companies, including mines and banks.
    (Reuters, 3/9/08)

2008        Mar 10, New York Gov. Eliot Spitzer admitted to his role in a prostitution scandal. He faced mounting calls to resign. The governor first came under suspicion because of cash payments from several bank accounts to an account operated by a call-girl ring.
    (AP, 3/11/08)
2008        Mar 10, An Associated Press investigation showed that a vast array of pharmaceuticals, including antibiotics, anti-convulsants, mood stabilizers and sex hormones, have been found in the drinking water supplies of at least 41 million Americans.
    (AP, 3/10/08)
2008        Mar 10, Crude oil futures moved to another all-time high as April delivery for light, sweet crude rose to $107.90 per barrel.
    (WSJ, 3/11/08, p.C7)
2008        Mar 10, Highway and utility crews cleared major highways in time for morning commuters following the weekend snowstorm that buried parts of Ohio in as much as 20 inches of snow. The storm battered a wide band from the lower Mississippi Valley to New England.
    (AP, 3/10/08)
2008        Mar 10, In Afghanistan 10 militants and two officers were killed when police clashed with Taliban fighters in the southern Uruzgan province. In southern Afghanistan two women and two children were caught in the line of fire and killed during a clash between NATO troops and insurgents.
    (AP, 3/11/08)(AP, 3/12/08)
2008        Mar 10, African Union troops arrived in the Comoros before launching a military offensive against the island of Anjouan and its rebellious leader.
    (AFP, 3/10/08)
2008        Mar 10, Canada’s government said hunters will be allowed to kill 275,000 young harp seals on the ice floes off eastern Canada this year, a number that animal rights activists said was totally unsustainable.
    (Reuters, 3/10/08)
2008        Mar 10, Leaders of the Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS) converged on Kinshasa for a summit focusing on the situation in Chad in the wake of a failed rebel assault.
    (AFP, 3/10/08)
2008        Mar 10, China said it will keep family-planning limits to one child per couple for at least another decade.
    (WSJ, 3/11/08, p.A1)
2008        Mar 10, Guatemala's first trial on "forced disappearance" charges began in connection with six civilians who went missing during the nation's 36-year civil war.
    (AP, 3/11/08)
2008        Mar 10, A female suicide bomber in the predominantly Sunni town of Kanaan, 13 miles east of Baqouba. killed the head of a local group of Sunni fighters in who had turned against al-Qaida insurgents. A suicide bomber killed five American soldiers on a foot patrol after detonating his explosives vest in central Baghdad. Another 3 American soldiers and their interpreter were killed by a roadside bomb in eastern Diyala province.
    (AP, 3/10/08)(AP, 3/11/08)
2008        Mar 10, Israeli PM Ehud Olmert has instructed the army to halt airstrikes and raids into the Gaza Strip in response to a recent drop in rocket fire from the territory.
    (AP, 3/10/08)
2008        Mar 10, In Malaysia PM Abdullah Ahmad Badawi was sworn in for a new 5-year term despite calls for his resignation. Malaysian stocks fell over 10% and triggered for the first time a limit-down rule established after the 1997-1998 Asian financial crises.
    (WSJ, 3/11/08, p.C7)
2008        Mar 10, In Mexico a researcher said satellite photographs show illegal loggers have clear-cut large swathes of trees in the heart of a monarch butterfly reserve, threatening the insects' habitat. The images show illegal loggers chopped 1,100 acres of trees since 2004 in the core of a wooded park in Michoacan state.
    (AP, 3/11/08)
2008        Mar 10, In central Mexico a sports utility vehicle fell into a canal, killing nine small children but leaving their teacher unharmed.
    (AP, 3/11/08)
2008        Mar 10, Tropical cyclone Jokwe battered parts of Mozambique for a third day. At least 16 people were killed with thousands of homes destroyed in northern Nampula province.
    (Reuters, 3/10/08)(AFP, 3/11/08)
2008        Mar 10, A Manila court acquitted the flamboyant widow of late dictator Ferdinand Marcos of 32 counts of illegally transferring wealth abroad during her husband's 20-year rule.
    (AP, 3/10/08)
2008        Mar 10, The coalition government of Serbian PM Vojislav Kostunica was formally dissolved, opening the way for an early parliamentary election.
    (AP, 3/10/08)
2008        Mar 10, Sri Lankans trickled to the polls in the turbulent eastern city of Batticaloa to vote in the first municipal elections since government forces seized control of the east last year from ethnic Tamil rebels. The Karuna Group, a pro-government militia composed of former Tamil Tiger rebels, won the election despite allegations that it used child soldiers, extorted businessmen and carried out killings.
    (AP, 3/10/08)(AP, 3/11/08)
2008        Mar 10, Hundreds of Tibetan exiles began a six-month march from India to Tibet to protest Beijing's hold on the Himalayan region and China's hosting of the Olympic Games. Indian police barred the Tibetan exiles from marching.
    (AP, 3/10/08)(WSJ, 3/11/08, p.A1)
2008        Mar 10, A top Vatican official listed drugs, pollution, genetic manipulation and social and economic injustice as new sins.
    (AP, 3/11/08)(WSJ, 3/11/08, p.A1)
2008        Mar 10, Vietnam’s central bank widened the band in which it allows the Vietnamese dong to rise or fall against the dollar from .75% to 1%. The bank said it plans to expand the band to 2% in an effort to unshackle its economy from the sliding dollar.
    (WSJ, 3/19/08, p.A8)

2008        Mar 11, The US Federal Reserve and other central banks said they will pump $200 billion into the financial markets, using the Term Securities Lending Facility (TSLF), to help ease the strain from the credit crisis. Wall Street rebounded with its biggest rally since 2002 at the DJIA rose 416.66 to 12,156.81. Gas prices rose to a record national level of $3.2272 per gallon.
    (AP, 3/11/08)(SFC, 3/12/08, p.B1,B3)(Econ, 3/15/08, p.89)
2008        Mar 11, Sen. Barack Obama picked up five more delegates than Sen. Hillary Rodham Clinton in Mississippi's Democratic primary.
    (AP, 3/12/08)
2008        Mar 11, The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said 26% of US teen girls are infected with at least one sexually transmitted disease. The rate was highest among blacks.
    (AP, 3/11/08)(WSJ, 3/12/08, p.A1)
2008        Mar 11, The SF Board of Supervisors passed a law requiring chain restaurants to post nutrition information on their menus.
    (SFC, 3/12/08, p.C1)
2008        Mar 11, The Pacific Fishery Management Council said it would have to ban all salmon fishing, due to depleted spawning, unless a request is made for an emergency exception.
    (SFC, 3/13/08, p.A1)
2008        Mar 11, The US space shuttle Endeavour blasted off from a seaside Florida launch pad to deliver part of a long-awaited Japanese space laboratory and a Canadian-built robotic system to the International Space Station.
    (AP, 3/11/08)
2008        Mar 11, In western Afghanistan police backed by NATO-led troops killed four suspected criminals after a spate of kidnappings and robberies. The ministry said an Afghan soldier was killed in Kapisa province, just north of Kabul. Taliban militants attacked a district administrative compound in southern Zabul province, and the ensuing one-hour gunbattle left one Taliban dead and three wounded. 5 militants set fire to the generator, fuel tank and antenna of the tower in the Obe district of Herat province. The tower belonged to the Areeba company. Afghan and US-led coalition forces killed nearly a dozen suspected militants in Helmand during a clash in Garmsir district.
    (AP, 3/11/08)(AP, 3/12/08)(AP, 3/13/08)
2008        Mar 11, Bangladesh's military-backed government backed down from a policy to ensure equal property rights to women amid angry protests by Muslim clerics that the move would override Islamic law.
    (AFP, 3/12/08)
2008        Mar 11, The Belgian government and banks agreed to pay $170 million to Holocaust survivors, families of victims and the Jewish community for their material losses during Word War II.
    (AP, 3/11/08)
2008        Mar 11, The Bank of England said it would inject a further 10 billion pounds into money markets amid the ongoing credit crunch.
    (AP, 3/11/08)
2008        Mar 11, Some 600,000 poor Chileans will receive monthly pensions starting in July under a law signed by President Michelle Bachelet that plugs gaps in Chile's widely copied private pension system.
    (AP, 3/12/08)
2008        Mar 11, China unveiled plans to revamp bureaucratic government ministries and create new agencies to help it tackle pressing issues such as nuclear energy, food and drug safety, environmental protection and the Internet.
    (AP, 3/11/08)
2008        Mar 11, Thousands of Chinese security personnel fired tear gas to try to disperse more than 600 monks taking part in a second day of rare street protests in Tibet.
    (Reuters, 3/12/08)
2008        Mar 11, Three generals regarded as national heroes in Croatia went on trial at the Hague, accused of orchestrating the killing of at least 150 Serbs in a 1995 military campaign that unleashed widespread murder and pillage.
    (AP, 3/11/08)
2008        Mar 11, EU regulators cleared Google's $3.1 billion bid for online ad tracker DoubleClick, saying the acquisition won't curb competition for online ads.
    (AP, 3/11/08)
2008        Mar 11, At least 42 people were killed across Iraq. A roadside bomb hit a bus traveling in southern Iraq, killing at least 16 civilians, while gunmen opened fire on another bus in the capital, leaving one person dead. The Pentagon said up to 90% of the foreign fighters in Iraq cross from Syria.
    (AFP, 3/11/08)(AP, 3/12/08)(WSJ, 3/12/08, p.A1)
2008        Mar 11, In Japan authorities arrested in Osaka arrested Hatsue Shimizu (64) and Yoshiko Ishii (55), two sisters, for allegedly hiding millions of dollars worth of cash in their garage to evade inheritance taxes. Their father, who was in the real-estate lease business, died in 2004, leaving $72.9 million to his family.
    (AP, 3/12/08)
2008        Mar 11, Top leaders Malaysia's opposition-ruled states will no longer follow a longtime affirmative action program that benefits the majority Malays, in the wake of an election upheaval that clipped the ruling coalition's powers.
    (AP, 3/11/08)
2008        Mar 11, Mexico's federal attorney general's office announced an investigation into allegations of corruption against Interior Secretary Juan Camilo Mourino, a confidant of the president who holds the government's second highest profile job.
    (AP, 3/12/08)
2008        Mar 11, State media said Mozambique's President Armando Guebuza has sacked three senior members of his government, including his foreign minister.
    (AP, 3/11/08)
2008        Mar 11, Nigerian soldiers hunting Niger Delta gang leader Ateke Tom said they had found a huge cache of arms and ammunition, along with an illegal pipeline used to tap stolen oil, in a raid on one of his bases.
    (AFP, 3/12/08)
2008        Mar 11, In Lahore, Pakistan, massive suicide bombs ripped through a seven-story police headquarters and a business, killing 27 people and wounding more than 200 others in attacks that deepened the security crisis. The wounded included 32 girls who were hit by flying debris at a school near the police building.
    (AP, 3/11/08)(AP, 3/12/08)
2008        Mar 11, Palestinian militants in Gaza launched a rocket at the Israeli city of Ashkelon, causing no injuries but threatening to upset a recent period of calm.
    (AP, 3/11/08)
2008        Mar 11, In Peru a helicopter ferrying passengers from the La Granja copper mine owned by the Rio Tinto Group crashed in the Andes with 10 people aboard. The wreckage was found the next day.
    (AP, 3/13/08)
2008        Mar 11, Serbia and Russia demanded that the UN administration in Kosovo halt the transfer of authority to the European Union, calling a handover illegal and declaring they will never recognize the independence of the Serb province.
    (AP, 3/12/08)

2008        Mar 12, The United States signed agreements with EU members Latvia and Estonia that will enable the tiny Baltic nations to join the U.S. visa waiver program this year.
    (AP, 3/12/08)
2008        Mar 12, The US Treasury said the government turned in a $175.56 billion budget deficit for February, a record for any month. The federal deficit swelled to $263.3 billion in the first five months of this budget year.
    (Reuters, 3/13/08)
2008        Mar 12, The US Treasury said it blacklisted Future Bank of Bahrain because it is controlled by Bank Melli of Iran, which plays a role in financing Tehran’s nuclear and missile programs.
    (WSJ, 3/13/08, p.A3)
2008        Mar 12, NY Gov. Eliot Spitzer announced his resignation effective March 17, completing a stunning fall from power after he was nationally disgraced by links to a high-priced prostitution ring. This put Lt. Gov. David Peterson in place as the nation’s first legally blind governor.
    (AP, 3/12/08)(SFC, 3/12/08, p.A12)
2008        Mar 12, In Alaska Lance Mackey won his second consecutive Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race, completing the 1,100-mile journey in just under 9 1/2 days.
    (AP, 3/12/08)
2008        Mar 12, Hulu.com, a free video Web site, was launched as a online joint video venture between NBC and News Corp. In 2010 it announced that it would begin selling subscriptions.
    (Econ, 7/3/10, p.63)(www.hulu.com/about/company_timeline)
2008        Mar 12, Howard Metzenbaum (b.1917), self-made millionaire and former Ohio Senator (1976-1995), died in Florida.
    (SFC, 3/13/08, p.A10)
2008        Mar 12, Afghan and international forces attacked Taliban militants as they traveled by motorcycle toward the Pakistan border. The troops employed airstrikes during a four-hour battle and killed 41 militants, including 17 from Nimroz. In southern Afghanistan a suicide car bomber attacked a convoy of Canadian troops, killing a passing civilian and wounding one soldier. In Zabul province, Afghan security forces and NATO troops launched an operation against Chechen fighters meeting in Daychopan district. The ensuing two-hour gun battle left three Chechens dead and six wounded. in Farah province, authorities recovered the dead body of the Pusht Rod district police chief, a day after he was kidnapped along with five other policemen.
    (AP, 3/12/08)(AP, 3/13/08)
2008        Mar 12, US-led forces in Afghanistan fired a missile into Pakistan that killed 4 women and 2 boys. Pakistan lodged a protest the next day with coalition forces in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 3/13/08)(SFC, 3/14/08, p.A17)
2008        Mar 12, In Australia police said a quarter-ton of cocaine with a street value of more than 80 million US dollars has been seized after being shipped in from Southeast Asia.
    (AFP, 3/12/08)
2008        Mar 12, In Austria a dispute began with the opening of "Religion, Flesh and Power," a collection of about 50 paintings, drawings and sculptures, some with homo-erotic themes, by Austrian artist Alfred Hrdlicka (80). Among them is Hrdlicka's rendition of the Last Supper: a large, loosely rendered black and white etching that shows Jesus and his disciples engaging in sex acts on the table where they shared their final meal before Christ's crucifixion.
    (AP, 4/12/08)
2008        Mar 12, Human Rights Watch said in a report that the armies of migrant workers building Beijing's skyscrapers and Olympic venues are being bilked of wages and placed in dangerous conditions. China's foreign minister said Human rights groups that cite the Beijing Games in their criticisms of the Chinese government are violating the Olympic charter.
    (AP, 3/12/08)
2008        Mar 12, In Iraq coalition soldiers killed a young Iraqi girl after firing a warning shot at a woman who "appeared to be signaling to someone" along a road where several bombs had recently been found. Chaldean Catholic Archbishop Paulos Faraj Rahho was found dead near the city of Mosul, where he was kidnapped last month. 3 US soldiers died in a rocket attack on Combat Outpost Adder near Nasiriyah.
    (AP, 3/13/08)
2008        Mar 12, Gaza's Hamas prime minister publicly set his conditions for a cease-fire with Israel to end the fighting that has killed dozens in recent weeks. Ismail Haniyeh demanded an end to Israeli military activity in the Hamas-ruled Gaza Strip, a lifting of Israeli economic sanctions and the opening of Gaza's borders. Hours later Israeli forces killed 4 Palestinian militants in the West Bank. Israeli troops riding in a taxi van pulled up behind the militants' parked Daihatsu and began shooting immediately.
    (AP, 3/12/08)(WSJ, 3/13/08, p.A1)(AP, 4/1/08)
2008        Mar 12, A UN tribunal extended the sentence of Rwandan Roman Catholic priest Athanase Serombawar to life in prison after upholding his war crimes conviction for ordering militiamen to burn and bulldoze a church with 1,500 people inside during the 1994 Rwandan genocide. He was originally sentenced to 15 years in prison.
    (AP, 3/13/08)
2008        Mar 12, Sri Lanka’s defense ministry said at least another 28 Tamil Tiger rebels were killed by security forces in overnight fighting across Sri Lanka's embattled north. Air force fighter jets pounded three suspected rebel bases in Mannar.
    (AFP, 3/12/08)
2008        Mar 12, Turkish troops killed 11 Kurdish rebels during clashes near the border with Iraq.
    (WSJ, 3/13/08, p.A1)

2008        Mar 13, The US House Republicans’ campaign committee said it is missing several hundred thousand dollars, and possibly more, after discovering suspected fraudulent activity by former treasurer Christopher Ward, who was dismissed on Jan 28.
    (WSJ, 3/14/08, p.A1)
2008        Mar 13, US gold futures rallied to a record high of $1,000 an ounce, fueled by a combination of a weakening dollar, strong investment demand and inflation fears due to rising crude oil prices.
    (AP, 3/13/08)
2008        Mar 13, The Florida Senate passed a bill that could mean suspensions for students with droopy britches. Orlando Sen. Gary Siplin, a Democrat, has said the fashion statement has a back-story -- it was made popular by rap artists after first appearing among prison inmates as a signal they were looking for sex.
    (Reuters, 3/14/08)
2008        Mar 13, AOL said it will acquire Bebo, a social Web site, for $850 million.
    (SFC, 3/14/08, p.C1)
2008        Mar 13, In Afghanistan a remote-controlled bomb hit a police vehicle in Saydabad district of Wardak province, killing one policeman and wounding four others. A suicide bomber in Kabul targeting US troops killed 6 Afghan civilians.
    (AP, 3/13/08)(SFC, 3/14/08, p.A17)
2008        Mar 13, Canada’s Parliament voted to extend its mission in Afghanistan to 2011, provided NATO supplies more troops and equipment to back up its forces in the volatile south.
    (AP, 3/14/08)
2008        Mar 13, Chad accused Sudan of sending anti-government rebels across their border into its territory as international mediators struggled to broker a fresh peace accord between the two neighbors. The presidents of Chad and Sudan signed a non-aggression pact, vowing not to support rebel attacks against each other, many of which were launched from troubled Darfur.
    (AP, 3/13/08)(AFP, 3/14/08)
2008        Mar 13, Chile said it has agreed to receive 117 Palestine refugees from Iraq who have spent months living in tents along the desert border with Syria.
    (AP, 3/14/08)
2008        Mar 13, In China an avalanche buried 12 workers at a mountainous construction site for a pipeline in the far northwest.
    (AP, 3/13/08)
2008        Mar 13, A human rights group said Chinese sales of assault rifles and other small arms to its ally Sudan have grown rapidly during the Darfur conflict despite a UN arms embargo.
    (Reuters, 3/13/08)
2008        Mar 13, A deployment of 100 Sudanese soldiers arrived in Comoros, ahead of a likely African Union-backed operation against the rebel island of Anjouan.
    (AFP, 3/14/08)
2008        Mar 13, Cuba and Mexico declared their once-chilly relations fully restored, and Cuba's foreign minister said he will soon deliver a formal invitation for Mexico's president to visit the island.
    (AP, 3/14/08)
2008        Mar 13, In Egypt A Muslim Brotherhood leader said more than 90 percent of Egyptian Islamist candidates have been prevented from registering for April local elections due to a crackdown by the regime and a campaign of obstruction.
    (AFP, 3/13/08)
2008        Mar 13, In Ethiopia a bus hit a landmine near the disputed Ethiopian-Eritrean border, killing at least eight people and wounding 27 others.
    (AFP, 3/14/08)
2008        Mar 13, Volkswagen, the biggest European car maker, vowed to become "the best auto manufacturer in the world" and welcomed a looming takeover by luxury sports car maker Porsche.
    (AFP, 3/13/08)
2008        Mar 13, Indian police arrested 100 Tibetan exiles trying to walk to their homeland as part of a major protest ahead of the Beijing Olympics, although the demonstrators vowed the march would go on.
    (AP, 3/13/08)
2008        Mar 13, A parked car bomb exploded in a commercial district of central Baghdad, killing 18 people and wounding 57. 5 members of an Awakening Council were killed when gunmen attacked two separate checkpoints near Tikrit. A female suicide bomber attacked an Awakening Council gathering in the village of Zab outside Kirkuk and 3 people were killed with seven others wounded.
    (AP, 3/13/08)(AP, 3/14/08)
2008        Mar 13, The militant Islamic Jihad group in Gaza fired more than a dozen rockets at southern Israel after Israeli undercover forces killed one of its West Bank leaders, shattering a recent lull in Gaza fighting.
    (AP, 3/13/08)
2008        Mar 13, In central Mexico 6 people were shot and killed inside a private law office in Guadalajara.
    (AP, 3/14/08)
2008        Mar 13, The Dutch parliament voted unanimously to outlaw bestiality and pornography involving animals.
    (AP, 3/14/08)
2008        Mar 13, In Pakistan more than 1,000 tribesmen protested against the killing of eight civilians by Pakistani forces this week in the lawless Bajaur tribal region.
    (AP, 3/13/08)
2008        Mar 13, Serbian President Boris Tadic disbanded parliament and called an early general election for May 11.
    (AP, 3/13/08)

2008        Mar 14, The near-collapse of US investment giant Bear Stearns and its Federal Reserve bailout heightened fears that the worst is not over for the spreading global credit crunch. The Federal Reserve and JP Morgan Chase & Co. offered to extend loans for 28 days. The US dollar hit a record low against the euro, closing at 1.567 per euro.
    (AFP, 3/14/08)(SFC, 3/15/08, p.C1)(WSJ, 3/15/08, p.A1)
2008        Mar 14, In Mississippi Richard Scruggs, chief architect of the $206 billion tobacco settlement in 1998, pleaded guilty to conspiring to bribe a judge with $50,000 in a dispute over legal fees.
    (SFC, 3/15/08, p.A2)
2008        Mar 14, Robert Soloway (28), dubbed "the King of Spam," faced a possible 26-year jail sentence after pleading guilty in Seattle to charges of fraud and tax evasion. On July 22 Soloway was sentenced to 47 months in prison.
    (www.pcworld.com/article/id,143483-c,spam/article.html)(http://tinyurl.com/6a645b)
2008        Mar 14, A tornado his downtown Atlanta, Georgia, and left 27 people injured. Workers cleaning debris  found one dead body on March 22.
    (SSFC, 3/23/08, p.A3)
2008        Mar 14, In Pleasanton, Ca., Ernest Scherer (60), a real estate investor, and his wife Charlene Abendroth (57), an accounting lecturer, were found bludgeoned to death inside their home. In 2009 their son, Ernest Scherer III (30), was arrested in Las Vegas and charged with the murders. On may 20, 2011, Ernest Scherer III was sentenced to life in prison.
    (SSFC, 3/23/08, p.B1)(SFC, 2/25/09, p.B4)(SFC, 5/21/11, p.C2)
2008        Mar 14, Afghan and foreign troops clashed with Taliban insurgents in southern Afghanistan, leaving three suspected militants dead and two wounded. The US-led coalition killed "several" militants in an operation in eastern Khost province.
    (AP, 3/14/08)(AFP, 3/16/08)
2008        Mar 14, In Australia Milton Orkopoulos (50), a former New South Wales state minister, was convicted on child sex and drugs charges after being described as a "sordid genius" by prosecutors.
    (AFP, 3/14/08)
2008        Mar 14, Five Burundi insurgents and a government soldier were killed in a clash with the army in the north of the war-wracked central African country's capital.
    (AFP, 3/14/08)
2008        Mar 14, It was reported that China had likely surpassed the US last month in its number of Internet users.
    (WSJ, 3/14/08, p.B3)
2008        Mar 14, In China a gas explosion at a southwestern Yunnan coal mine killed 14 miners and injured four.
    (AP, 3/15/08)
2008        Mar 14, Iranians voted in elections. About 4,500 candidates nationwide ran for parliament's 290 seats. With final results reported from all races except those in Tehran, 113 of parliament's 290 seats went to conservatives.
    (AP, 3/14/08)(AP, 3/17/08)
2008        Mar 14, The Bush administration's Mideast envoy pushed Israel and the Palestinians to speed up peace negotiations at the first meeting the US has attended since talks resumed nearly four months ago.
    (AP, 3/14/08)
2008        Mar 14, Russian forces raided a forest camp in the volatile North Caucasus province of Dagestan, leading to a shootout in which six suspected militants, a police officer and an Interior Ministry servicemen died.
    (AP, 3/14/08)
2008        Mar 14, In Senegal members of the 57-member Organization of the Islamic Conference moved to create a battle plan, including legal action, to defend Islam from political cartoonists and bigots.
    (AP, 3/14/08)
2008        Mar 14, Hundreds of Serbs stormed a UN courthouse in northern Kosovo, took control of the site, and raised a Serbian flag.
    (WSJ, 3/15/08, p.A1)
2008        Mar 14, Sri Lanka’s pro-rebel TamilNet Web site said rebels beat back advancing troops on three fronts in Mannar and Welioya regions, killing 22 soldiers.
    (AP, 3/16/08)
2008        Mar 14, In northern Syria a bus carrying high school students rammed into a house and flipped over, killing at least 24 people and injuring 34.
    (AP, 3/14/08)
2008        Mar 14, In Tibet angry protesters set shops ablaze and gunfire in Lhasa as the largest demonstrations in two decades against Chinese rule turned violent months ahead of the Beijing Olympics. 18 people died in the conflagration or from physical assaults. The government later said losses amounted to 280 million yuan ($41 million).
    (AP, 3/14/08)(Econ, 2/6/10, p.43)
2008        Mar 14, The UN General Assembly adopted a resolution demanding the "immediate, complete and unconditional" withdrawal of all Armenian forces from Azerbaijan's territory in a vote in which more than 100 countries abstained.
    (AFP, 3/15/08)
2008        Mar 14, In Zimbabwe the teacher’s union said thousands of teachers state schools have ended a 3-week strike after being awarded a 754% salary increase by the government.
    (AFP, 3/14/08)

2008        Mar 15, In NYC an apartment building on Manhattan’s East Side was crushed in a giant crane collapse that killed 7 people and injured 17.
    (AP, 3/16/08)(SFC, 3/18/08, p.A2)
2008        Mar 15, It was reported that spores of Ug99, a wheat killing fungus that emerged in East Africa nearly 10 years ago, has been spread by winds into the Saudi Peninsula and South Asia.
    (SFC, 3/15/08, p.B6)
2008        Mar 15, In Afghanistan a suicide car bomb attack near a convoy of international troops killed a 13-year-old Afghan child and wounded a soldier in Khost province. 3 militants were killed in the former Taliban stronghold of Musa Qala in Helmand province.
    (AP, 3/15/08)(AFP, 3/16/08)
2008        Mar 15, In Albania 26 people, including several children, were killed and over 250 injured by a series of large explosions at an army base on the outskirts of the capital Tirana. The explosions began when workers were moving stocks of old Chinese and Soviet shells stored at the base. Some workers were repackaging 40-year-old Chinese-made shells to disguise their origin. In September Kosta Trebicka, a businessman turned whistle-blower, was killed when his jeep crashed on a remote mountain road.
    (Reuters, 3/16/08)(AP, 3/18/08)(Econ, 10/11/08, p.71)
2008        Mar 15, Azerbaijan warned it would review relations with France, Russia and the US after they voted against a UN resolution calling on Armenia to pull out of Azerbaijani territory.
    (AFP, 3/15/08)
2008        Mar 15, China's legislature re-elected Hu Jintao as president, giving him a second five-year term as leader of the world's most populous country. It also returned Hu as head of the Central Military Commission, the body overseeing the armed forces.
    (AP, 3/15/08)
2008        Mar 15, China kept government workers confined to their offices and ordered tourists out of Tibet's capital while lines of soldiers sealed off streets where riots had erupted. A Tibetan exile group said at least 30 people were killed in protests a day earlier. Tibet's government-in-exile demanded the UN intervene to end what it called "urgent human rights violations" by China in the region following deadly protests.
    (AP, 3/15/08)
2008        Mar 15, Congo’s foreign debt stood at $12 billion and interest payments consumed a large chunk of its budget.
    (Econ, 3/15/08, SR p.12)
2008        Mar 15, In Iran hard-line allies of President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad pulled ahead in Iran's parliamentary elections, according to partial results, but the president's conservative critics were making a strong showing that could unsettle his domination of the legislature.
    (AP, 3/15/08)
2008        Mar 15, Iraqi security forces clashed with a breakaway faction of Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr's Mahdi Army in Kut, leaving five dead and 15 wounded.
    (AP, 3/15/08)
2008        Mar 15, Thousands of Italians marched in an anti-mafia protest and called on all citizens to take a public stand against Italy's powerful crime syndicates.
    (Reuters, 3/15/08)
2008        Mar 15, Alitalia, Italy’s state-owned national airline, accepted a takeover offer worth $217 made by air France-KLM, a French-Dutch airline group. The Italian government accepted the offer on March 17.
    (Econ, 3/22/08, p.73)
2008        Mar 15, In Japan Tony Blair, during a meeting of senior officials from the world's top 20 greenhouse gas emitters, urged the world's heaviest polluters including the United States, China and India to agree to binding emissions cuts, saying failure to act on global warming would be "unforgivably irresponsible."
    (AP, 3/15/08)
2008        Mar 15, Vytautas Kernagis (57), popular Lithuanian singer, died of cancer.
    (www.lzinios.lt/lt/2008-03-17.html)
2008        Mar 15, Officials said the main telecom operator in the United Arab Emirates, Etisalat, has launched mobile services in Nigeria, becoming the fifth operator there.
    (AP, 3/15/08)
2008        Mar 15, In Nigeria a Wings Airline 19-seater aircraft went missing shortly after leaving Lagos for the Obudu Cattle Ranch in Cross River state. On Aug 30 hunters found the wreckage of the plane and the bodies of its three crew members.
    (AFP, 9/3/08)
2008        Mar 15, In Pakistan a bomb struck an Italian restaurant crowded with foreigners, killing a Turkish aid worker and wounding at least 12 other people.
    (AP, 3/16/08)
2008        Mar 15, Qatar-based investment company IAS International said it was undertaking a series of development projects in Central African Republic worth 1.6 billion dollars.
    (AP, 3/15/08)
2008        Mar 15, In Qatar the consecration of the Church of Our Lady of the Rosary was held. This became Qatar’s first Roman Catholic church, ending decades of clandestine worship for tens of thousands of foreign workers. The $15 million, 2,700-seat church was built on land donated by Qatar's emir, Sheikh Hamad Bin Khalifa Al-Thani.
    (AP, 3/14/08)(AP, 3/15/08)
2008        Mar 15, In southern Thailand a bomb exploded in the parking lot of an upscale hotel, killing two people and wounding 14 others.
    (AP, 3/15/08)

2008        Mar 16, The US Federal Reserve, acting urgently over the weekend to stabilize financial markets, approved a cut in its emergency lending rate to 3.25% from 3.50%. The move will allow big investment firms to quickly secure short-term loans.
    (AP, 3/17/08)
2008        Mar 16, JPMorgan said it would buy Bear Stearns for $236.2 million, $2 a share, in a stunning fall for one of the world's largest and most venerable investment banks. In 2009 William D. Cohan authored “How the Money Vanished: A Tale of Hubris and Wretched Excess on Wall Street."
    (AP, 3/17/08)(WSJ, 3/6/09, p.A13)
2008        Mar 16, Ivan Dixon (b.1931), black actor, director and producer best known for his role as Kinchloe on the 1960s television series "Hogan's Heroes," died.
    (AP, 3/19/08)
2008        Mar 16, Ola Brunkert (62), a former drummer for 1970s Swedish pop group ABBA, was found dead after an apparent accident in his house in Mallorca. He first played with ABBA on the group's first single, "People Need Love," and toured with the band in 1977, 1979 and 1980.
    (AP, 3/17/08)
2008        Mar 16, In Afghanistan’s eastern Nangarhar province four militants were killed in an exchange of fire after attacking a police post near the border with Pakistan. A Canadian soldier died in an explosion while on foot patrol in Kandahar province.
    (AFP, 3/16/08)(AP, 3/17/08)
2008        Mar 16, Premier Wen Jiabao was appointed to a second five-year term as China's top economic official, leading efforts to cool soaring inflation and showcase the country to the world at the Beijing Olympics.
    (AP, 3/16/08)
2008        Mar 16, The Dalai Lama called for an international investigation into China's crackdown against protesters in Tibet, which he said is facing a "cultural genocide" and where his exiled government said 80 people were killed in the violence. Internet users in China were blocked from seeing YouTube.com after dozens of videos about protests in Tibet appeared on the popular US video Web site.
    (AP, 3/16/08)
2008        Mar 16, Comoran soldiers encountered a "disorganized" resistance from rebel forces in Anjouan and "the confrontation that followed led to the deaths of dozens of rebel forces. The next day Lieutenant Colonel Mohamed Amiri Salimou said the National Development Army (AND) army had carried out two "successful" operations against forces loyal to Mohamed Bacar's forces on March 9-10 and March 14-16.
    (AFP, 3/18/08)
2008        Mar 16, In Egypt 23 people, mostly policemen, were killed when their vehicle smashed into a truck on the highway between Cairo and Alexandria.
    (AP, 3/16/08)
2008        Mar 16, In France the Socialists took an estimated 49% of the vote, against 47.5% for the Pres. Sarkozy’s UMP. Socialists now control 58% of towns with more than 30,000 inhabitants, after winning 40 from the right including several bastions.
    (AFP, 3/17/08)
2008        Mar 16, In France a pipe ruptured while a tanker was being loaded at a Total refinery. Some 3,000 barrels of fuel oil leaked in and along the Loire River.
    (AP, 3/18/08)
2008        Mar 16, German Chancellor Angela Merkel acknowledged her country's "historical responsibility" to Israel as she opened a three-day visit marking the 60th anniversary of the Jewish state.
    (AP, 3/16/08)
2008        Mar 16, In India suspected insurgents lobbed a hand grenade at thousands of people participating in a cultural festival in the northeast Jonai, killing three and wounding another 50.
    (AP, 3/16/08)
2008        Mar 16, In northern India 15 poor people were freed from captivity after selling their blood to private clinics to make money. Five people were arrested and later charged with illegal confinement of people and attempt to murder.
    (AP, 3/18/08)
2008        Mar 16, Iran's Culture Ministry announced the closure of nine cinema and lifestyle magazines for publishing pictures and stories about the life of "corrupt" foreign film stars and promoting "superstitions."
    (AP, 3/16/08)
2008        Mar 16, Sen. John McCain, the Republican Party's presumptive nominee for president who has linked his political future to US success in Iraq, was in Baghdad for meetings with Iraqi and US diplomatic and military officials.
    (AP, 3/16/08)
2008        Mar 16, Tuareg rebels (MNJ) in Niger killed a police officer and a republican guard in an attack 200 kilometers north of the capital Niamey.
    (AFP, 3/18/08)
2008        Mar 16, In Pakistan a drone dropped 7 missiles on a compound outside Wana in South Waziristan, killing at least 20 people.
    (AP, 3/16/08)(SFC, 3/17/08, p.A9)
2008        Mar 16, In northern Sri Lanka suspected separatist Tamil rebels killed a police officer and a soldier in separate attacks, taking the death toll from two days of violence to 30.
    (AP, 3/16/08)

2008        Mar 17, The US administration signed deals with Hungary, Lithuania and Slovakia paving the way for visa-free travel for their citizens despite concerns in Brussels over the bilateral agreements.
    (AFP, 3/17/08)
2008        Mar 17, In New York David Paterson was sworn in almost exactly a week after allegations first surfaced that former Gov. Eliot Spitzer was "Client 9" of a high-priced call girl service. Paterson tried to come clean about his own skeletons just hours after assuming office by acknowledging a years-old affair.
    (AP, 3/18/08)
2008        Mar 17, Hannaford Bros., a grocery store chain in the Northeast US and Florida owned by Belgium’s Delhaize Group SA, disclosed that as many as 4.2 million customer account numbers had been stolen between Dec 7 and Mar 10. The intrusion was not discovered until Feb 27 and occurred over a network system that experts had believed to be secure.
    (WSJ, 3/31/08, p.B4)
2008        Mar 17, The commodities markets staged a broad sell off after climbing for months. Most commodities recovered the next day.
    (Econ, 3/22/08, p.85)
2008        Mar 17, The first carbon-linked derivatives contracts began trading on the Green Exchange, a joint venture between the NY Mercantile Exchange, Evolution Markets and Morgan Stanley, Merrill Lynch and others. Carbon permits this year reached nearly $47 a ton.
    (Econ, 3/15/08, p.91)(Econ, 3/3/12, p.82)
2008        Mar 17, Roland Arnall (b.1939), founder of Ameriquest Mortgage Co., died. He was also the co-founder of the Holocaust memorial Simon Wiesenthal Center. In 2006 he began serving as US ambassador to the Netherlands.
    (WSJ, 3/22/08, p.A7)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roland_Arnall)
2008        Mar 17, in Afghanistan 4 NATO soldiers, 2 Danes, a Canadian and a Czech with the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF), were killed in new attacks, including a Taliban suicide bomb that also took the lives of three Afghan civilians.
    (AP, 3/17/08)
2008        Mar 17, A judge awarded Heather Mills a total of $48.6 million in the financial settlement of her divorce from former Beatle Paul McCartney. This was a fifth of what she had demanded.
    (AP, 3/17/08)(Econ, 3/22/08, p.65)
2008        Mar 17, An EU force of 3,700 troops still deploying in Chad and the Central African Republic (CAR) announced the official start of its year-long mission to protect refugees and displaced people. The EU force in Chad was known as EUFOR, and the UN Mission there and the CAR was called MINURCAT.
    (AFP, 3/17/08)(Econ, 5/31/08, p.52)
2008        Mar 17, China denounced attacks on its embassies by pro-Tibetan activists hours before a deadline for rioters in Lhasa to turn themselves in and said it would do all in its power to protect its territorial integrity.
    (Reuters, 3/17/08)
2008        Mar 17, In India 7 migrant workers believed to be from northern Uttar Pradesh state were shot and killed on the outskirts of Impala, the capital of Manipur state.
    (AP, 3/18/08)
2008        Mar 17, Indonesia and South Africa agreed to reduce obstacles to trade and business and jointly explore new avenues for electricity generation.
    (AFP, 3/17/08)
2008        Mar 17, In Iraq police said they found the bodies of three members of a US-allied group fighting al-Qaida in Udaim. Sen. John McCain stressed the importance of a US commitment to Iraq during talks with Iraq's prime minister. Explosions struck Baghdad during twin visits by the presumptive Republican presidential nominee and Vice President Dick Cheney. A female suicide bomber struck Shiite worshippers in Karbala, killing at least 32 people with 51 wounded. The blast was the deadliest in a series of attacks that left at least 78 Iraqis dead.
    (AP, 3/17/08)(AP, 3/18/08)(AP, 3/19/08)
2008        Mar 17, The Mozambican government made an urgent appeal to the UN World Food Program to help more than 60,000 people left destitute when cyclone Jokwe hit northern and central parts of the country.
    (AFP, 3/17/08)
2008        Mar 17, UN forces pulling Serb demonstrators from a UN courthouse were attacked by hundreds of furious protesters who massed outside, setting off an hours-long battle with rocks, grenades and live ammunition. One UN policeman was killed.
    (AP, 3/17/08)(WSJ, 3/19/08, p.A1)

2008        Mar 18, The US Federal Reserve approved a .75% cut in the federal funds rate to 2.25%. This was aimed at shoring up the US financial system shaken by huge losses in the housing market. The DJIA responded with a gain of 420.41 to close at 12,392.66.
    (SFC, 3/19/08, p.C1)
2008        Mar 18, Barack Obama addressed his problem with pastor Jeremiah Wright in a speech in Philadelphia and turned to a broad discussion of race, hitherto untouched in his campaign.
    (Econ, 3/22/08, p.31)
2008        Mar 18, The US FCC ended 261 rounds of bidding in the auction of airwaves and raised almost $20 billion.
    (WSJ, 3/19/08, p.B6)
2008        Mar 18, Protesters in Australia burned Chinese flags, demanding freedom for Tibet, following similar demonstrations in Europe and the US against Beijing's crackdown on anti-government riots in the Himalayan region.
    (AP, 3/18/08)
2008        Mar 18, Five Belgian parties sealed a deal for a coalition government under Christian Democrat Yves Leterme, ending a political limbo which threatened to split the linguistically divided country.
    (AP, 3/18/08)
2008        Mar 18, In Botswana De Beers and the government set up a Diamond Trading Company (DTC) as a joint venture.
    (Econ, 3/22/08, p.74)
2008        Mar 18, Anthony Minghella (54), Oscar winning British director, died. He turned such literary works as "The English Patient," "The Talented Mr. Ripley" and "Cold Mountain" into acclaimed movies.
    (AP, 3/18/08)
2008        Mar 18, A British judge ruled against Exxon Mobil Corp., tossing out an order to freeze $12 billion in assets belonging to Venezuela's state oil company in a case that stemmed from the nationalization of a project last year.
    (AP, 3/19/08)
2008        Mar 18, The world's biggest passenger plane, Airbus's A380, touched down in London on its first commercial flight to Europe facing questions from green groups over its eco-friendly billing.
    (AP, 3/18/08)
2008        Mar 18, The World Food Program (WFP) made a six million dollar appeal to feed some 90,000 Burundian refugees in Tanzania who expect to return to the central African country in 2008.
    (AP, 3/18/08)
2008        Mar 18, Canada formally recognized the breakaway republic of Kosovo, a decision Serbia said was a major mistake that could encourage separatists in the province of Quebec.
    (Reuters, 3/18/08)
2008        Mar 18, Egypt's President Hosni Mubarak, amid rising public discontent at sky-rocketing food prices, said in the official Al-Ahram daily that uncontrolled population explosion is draining the state's budget. A baby is born every 23 seconds in Egypt, which is the Arab world's most populous nation with a population of 78 million.
    (AFP, 3/18/08)
2008        Mar 18, Egyptian police fatally shot a Sudanese woman and arrested a second one who was with an infant as they tried to cross into Israel.
    (AP, 3/18/08)
2008        Mar 18, In India 4 migrant workers were shot and killed in two separate shootings on the outskirts of Impala, the capital of Manipur state.
    (AP, 3/18/08)
2008        Mar 18, In India the Dalai Lama vowed he would resign as leader of Tibet's exiles if violence back home worsened, just hours before his aides said 19 people were killed in new demonstrations.
    (AP, 3/18/08)
2008        Mar 18, Iraq's main Sunni bloc boycotted a conference aimed at reconciling the nation's sectarian groups. A roadside bomb near a gas station in northern Baghdad killed three people, including two police officers. Vice President Dick Cheney, delving into internal Iraqi politics, pushed a Kurdish leader to play a helpful role in passing legislation to foster national reconciliation and forge a new agreement for US-Iraq relations in years to come.
    (AP, 3/18/08)
2008        Mar 18, In Israel Angela Merkel, chancellor of Germany, addressed Israel’s parliament and condemned the rocket attacks from Gaza.
    (Econ, 3/22/08, p.59)
2008        Mar 18, Kenya's President Mwai Kibaki signed into law two bills passed by parliament that put in place a power-sharing deal which halted post-election unrest.
    (AFP, 3/18/08)
2008        Mar 18, In Sri Lanka battles, roadside bombings and artillery attacks across the front lines of Sri Lanka's civil war killed 35 ethnic Tamil rebels and two soldiers. The combatants were killed in at least 17 different confrontations.
    (AP, 3/19/08)
2008        Mar 18, Darfur rebels said they had fought off a major assault from Sudanese government forces in the troubled region, inflicting casualties and pushing troops back to West Darfur's capital.
    (Reuters, 3/18/08)
2008        Mar 18, In the UAR South Asian workers, striking over pay in the Emirate of Sharjah, torched offices and vehicles.
    (AP, 3/18/08)
2008        Mar 18, An appeals court in Ho Chi Minh City sentenced an Australian woman to death for heroin trafficking. Vietnam-born Jasmine Luong (34), of Sydney, was convicted during a one-day trial of trafficking 3 pounds of heroin.
    (AP, 3/19/08)
2008        Mar 18, In Yemen a mortar shell exploded by a high school next to the American embassy, killing one Yemeni guard and wounding 13 students and three other guards. Five suspects were later arrested in the attack, which the US said targeted its embassy. An Interior Ministry official later said al-Qaida militant Hamza al-Dayan launched three mortars at the embassy before fleeing the scene in a vehicle with three accomplices.
    (AP, 3/18/08)(WSJ, 3/21/08, p.A1)(AP, 3/22/08)

2008        Mar 19, Antiwar protests were held in cities across the US on the 5th anniversary of the war in Iraq. In SF some 150 people were arrested.
    (SFC, 3/20/08, p.A1)(WSJ, 3/20/08, p.A1)
2008        Mar 19, In Oakland, Ca., police shot and killed Jose Luis Buenrostro (15) who allegedly aimed a sawed-off shotgun at them.
    (SFC, 3/20/08, p.B2)
2008        Mar 19, VISA opened for trading on the NYSE after setting an IPO price of $44 per share, the largest public offering in US history. Visa shares closed at $56.60.
    (SFC, 3/19/08, p.C1)(SFC, 3/20/08, p.C1)
2008        Mar 19, Flooding forced hundreds of people to flee their homes and closed scores of roads across a wide swath of the US midsection as a huge storm system poured as much as 10 inches of rain on the region. Flooding was reported in parts of Arkansas, southern Illinois, southern Indiana, Missouri and Kentucky with over a dozen deaths.
    (AP, 3/19/08)(AP, 3/20/08)
2008        Mar 19, Colorado health officials told residents of Alamosa to stop drinking and cooking with tap water, after tap water samples tested positive for salmonella contamination. By March 22 over 200 cases were reported.
    (AP, 3/24/08)
2008        Mar 19, Osama bin Laden accused Pope Benedict XVI of helping in a "new Crusade" against Islam and warned of a "severe" reaction to European publications of cartoons of the Prophet Muhammad that insulted many Muslims.
    (AP, 3/20/08)
2008        Mar 19, US forces searching for bomb makers raided Afghan homes near the border with Pakistan, exchanging gunfire with militants. Six people were killed, including two children and a woman.
    (AP, 3/19/08)
2008        Mar 19, Philip Jones Griffiths (72), Welsh-born photojournalist, died. He spent years traveling across Vietnam to capture the effects of the war on its people.
    (AP, 3/19/08)
2008        Mar 19, Paul Scofield (b.1922), towering British stage actor, died. He won international fame and an Academy Award for the film "A Man for All Seasons," in which he played Sir Thomas More.
    (AP, 3/20/08)
2008        Mar 19, Arthur C. Clarke (b.1917), English-born science fiction writer, died in Sri Lanka. Clarke wrote or collaborated on close to 100 books and had moved to Sri Lanka in 1956. He had just finished his last novel, co-authored with Frederik Pohl, titled “The Last Theorem."
    (AP, 3/19/08)(SFC, 3/19/08, p.A2)(SSFC, 8/10/08, Books p.7)
2008        Mar 19, China called the Dalai Lama a "wolf in monk's robes" and said it was locked in a "life-and-death battle" with his supporters after protests marking the biggest challenge to Chinese rule in Tibet in almost two decades. Lhasa prosecutors announced the arrest of 24 suspects on charges of endangering state security.
    (AP, 3/19/08)(WSJ, 3/20/08, p.A1)
2008        Mar 19, Conservationists said Honore Mashagiro, a ranger in Congo's Virunga National Park, has been arrested for allegedly masterminding the massacre last summer of 10 endangered mountain gorillas.
    (AP, 3/20/08)
2008        Mar 19, Chantal Sebire (52), who suffered from a painful facial tumor and had drawn headlines across France with her quest for doctor-assisted suicide, was found dead. On Mar 17 a court in the city of Dijon rejected her request to be allowed to receive a lethal dose of barbiturates under a doctor's supervision.
    (AP, 3/20/08)
2008        Mar 19, In Iraq a female suicide bomber detonated an explosives vest packed with ball bearings near a bus terminal northeast of Baghdad, killing at least three people. US troops accidentally killed three Iraqi policemen and wounded another, the latest in a series of friendly fire incidents.
    (AP, 3/19/08)
2008        Mar 19, In Japan Masaaki Takahashi (61) of Tokyo was found fatally stabbed in his cab in Yokosuka, about a half-mile from a US naval base. US and Japanese authorities soon began searching for a US sailor for questioning in the killing of the Japanese taxi driver. On April 2  US sailor Olatunbosun Ugbogu (22), a Nigerian national, admitted during police questioning that he had killed the man. On July 30, 2009, Ugbogu was sentenced to life in prison.
    (AP, 3/21/08)(AFP, 4/2/08)(AP, 7/30/09)
2008        Mar 19, Kosovo independence was recognized by Bulgaria, Croatia and Hungary.
    (WSJ, 3/20/08, p.A1)
2008        Mar 19, Kuwait’s ruled dissolved Parliament and set elections for May 17 after a political standoff delayed reforms.
    (WSJ, 3/20/08, p.A1)
2008        Mar 19, In southern Nepal masked gunmen shot and killed Kamal Prasad Adhikari, a candidate from a small communist party contesting upcoming elections.
    (AP, 3/19/08)
2008        Mar 19, Legislators elected Pakistan's first female speaker of parliament, seating Fehmida Mirza, a follower and lookalike of assassinated former PM Benazir Bhutto.
    (AP, 3/19/08)
2008        Mar 19, In the Russian region of Chechnya 9 people were been killed in an hour-long clash between police and unidentified gunmen.
    (AP, 3/20/08)
2008        Mar 19, Uganda said that Lord's Resistance Army rebel leader Joseph Kony has left his base in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and moved to the Central African Republic.
    (AP, 3/19/08)

2008        Mar 20, The X Prize Foundation and sponsor Progressive Casualty Insurance Co. offered $10 million to the teams that can produce the most production-ready vehicles that get 100 miles per gallon or more.
    (AP, 3/20/08)
2008        Mar 20, North Carolina lawmakers voted 109-5 to boot Rep. Thomas Wright, a Wilmington Democrat, from office for mishandling $340,000 in loans and contributions.
    (SFC, 3/21/08, p.A4)
2008        Mar 20, In North Carolina Darryl Turner was killed after being shocked by a police officer’s Taser. In 2011 a jury ordered Taser Int’l. to pay Turner’s family $10 million. Lawyers said the company had failed to warn that a Taser shot near the heart poses a substantial risk of cardiac arrest.
    (SFC, 7/21/11, p.A6)(http://tinyurl.com/3homyou)
2008        Mar 20, In southern Afghanistan security forces said an exchange of fire between British soldiers and police left a policeman dead and two men wounded from each side. A soldier with the NATO-led force died after being struck by a bomb.
    (AFP, 3/20/08)(AP, 3/21/08)
2008        Mar 20, Flemish Christian Democrat Yves Leterme took over as Belgian prime minister, ending nine months of deadlock.
    (AP, 3/20/08)
2008        Mar 20, Brazilian officials said an outbreak of dengue in Rio de Janeiro state has killed at least 47 people this year.
    (SFC, 3/21/08, p.A4)
2008        Mar 20, The Bank of England said it would inject 5.0 billion pounds into short-term money markets every week until April 9.
    (AP, 3/20/08)
2008        Mar 20, China sent additional troops into restive areas and made more arrests in the Tibetan capital Lhasa in an effort to suppress anti-government protests even as the Dalai Lama offered face-to-face negotiations with Chinese leaders. Tibet authorities said they had arrested dozens of people involved in a wave of anti-Chinese violence. China forced the last remaining foreign journalists out of Tibet, and stepped up restrictions on Internet and radio reports from people within the country.
    (AP, 3/20/08)(Reuters, 3/20/08)(AP, 3/21/08)
2008        Mar 20, Cuba issued what appears to be the first public report on prices and inflation in the private sector, in an unusually realistic acknowledgment of the key role the informal economy plays in island life.
    (AP, 3/21/08)
2008        Mar 20, Israeli defense officials announced they've worked out a tentative deal for Egypt to become the main electricity supplier to the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 3/20/08)
2008        Mar 20, In Mali clashes began around Tinzaouatene, near the Algerian border, as insurgents attacked soldiers clearing mines in what the rebels feared was a prelude to a government offensive. 3 soldiers were killed when their vehicle was blown up by a mine and four captured in combat by the rebels.
    (AFP, 3/23/08)
2008        Mar 20, Mozambican President Armando Guebuza dismissed the head of the armed forces and his deputy, barely a week after firing three senior ministers.
    (AFP, 3/21/08)
2008        Mar 20, Fidelis Omeni, an environment ministry official said, Nigeria has been suspended from the International Convention on Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) for alleged breaches of its provisions.
    (AP, 3/20/08)
2008        Mar 20, Kim Yong-Nam, North Korea's de facto head of state, arrived in Namibia as part of his goodwill visit to three African nations, which also includes Angola and Uganda. Namibia and North Korea hoped to strengthen their economic ties. Kim Yong-Nam warned against countries plundering resources from poor African countries.
    (AFP, 3/20/08)
2008        Mar 20, A suicide car bomb killed five Pakistani soldiers and wounded nine others near the Afghan border.
    (AP, 3/20/08)
2008        Mar 20, Palestinian militants accidentally set off a large blast at a Hamas training base in the central Gaza Strip, killing 2 members of the violent Islamic group and wounding another.
    (AP, 3/20/08)
2008        Mar 20, A Russian air force Su-25 fighter jet blew up in flight near the Far East city of Vladivostok and the pilot was killed.
    (AP, 3/20/08)
2008        Mar 20, In Sri Lanka troops, according to a statement the next day, ambushed ethnic Tamil rebels with a roadside bomb, overran bunkers and engaged in firefights across the north, killing 29 insurgents.
    (AP, 3/21/08)
2008        Mar 20, Turkish warplanes bombed Kurdish rebel hideouts in northern Iraq.
    (AP, 3/20/08)
2008        Mar 20, Morgan Tsvangirai, Zimbabwe's main opposition leader and presidential candidate in March 29 general elections, said that the voters' register was filled with tens of thousands of ghost voters.
    (AFP, 3/20/08)

2008        Mar 21, Two companies that provide workers for the State Department said they fired or otherwise punished those who improperly accessed the passport records of the three major presidential candidates. The security breaches touched off demands for a congressional investigation.
    (AP, 3/22/08)
2008        Mar 21, The California Academy of Science named David Mindell (55), a human evolutionary researcher at the Univ. of Michigan as the institution’s new science chief. The new academy building in San Francisco’s Golden Gate Park was due to open in 6 months.
    (SFC, 3/22/08, p.B1)
2008        Mar 21, In southern Afghanistan a suicide attacker blew himself up near a busy shrine in Kandahar, killing two policemen. International forces helping the Afghan government lost three soldiers in two separate bombings in the south.
    (AP, 3/21/08)(AP, 3/23/08)
2008        Mar 21, A regulator said China will shut down or punish dozens of video-sharing Web sites for carrying content deemed pornographic, violent or a threat to national security under rules that tighten Internet controls. China’s government stepped up its manhunt for protesters in last week's riots in the capital of Tibet, as thousands of troops converged on foot, trucks and helicopters to Tibetan areas of western China.
    (AP, 3/21/08)
2008        Mar 21, The Democratic Republic of Congo banned the ethnic-based religious and political sect Bundu dia Kongo (BDK), a shadowy separatist sect, following a 3-week police offensive against its western strongholds which UN investigators say killed dozens of people.
    (Reuters, 3/22/08)
2008        Mar 21, The Greek and Turkish Cypriot leaders agreed to restart peace talks on reunifying their ethnically split island, and to open a crossing in the heart of the divided capital.
    (AP, 3/21/08)
2008        Mar 21, President Nicolas Sarkozy announced a modest cut in France's nuclear arsenal, to less than 300 warheads, and urged China and the United States to commit to no more weapons tests.
    (AP, 3/21/08)
2008        Mar 21, Iraqi security forces clashed with Shiite militia fighters southeast of Baghdad for a second day. At least two police officers and two gunmen had died in the fighting in the city of Kut when factions of the Mahdi Army militia attacked security checkpoints.
    (AP, 3/21/08)
2008        Mar 21, In Indian Kashmir two boys, aged five and 14, were killed when a hand grenade they mistook for a toy exploded.
    (AP, 3/21/08)
2008        Mar 21, In Mali 5 civilians, including a child, were reported killed, again when their vehicle hit a mine near Tinzaouatene. 29 soldiers were taken prisoner when a convoy of wounded soldiers heading for Kidal was intercepted by rebels.
    (AFP, 3/23/08)
2008        Mar 21, In Myanmar a man set himself on fire at Shwedagon pagoda, Yangon's most famous landmark in a political protest against the military junta. He died of his injuries in April.
    (www.mysinchew.com/node/8895)(WSJ, 4/23/08, p.A1)
2008        Mar 21, Pakistani troops shut down three FM radio stations and arrested eight employees after the stations aired a speech by a pro-Taliban cleric.
    (AP, 3/21/08)
2008        Mar 21, In Moscow firefighters found the body of Channel One correspondent Ilyas Shurpayev (32) in his apartment with stab wounds and a belt around his neck. He was a native of the mostly Muslim Dagestan province and had worked in Russia's violence-ridden North Caucasus, which includes Dagestan and war-scarred Chechnya. Dagestan. On March 31 officials said that two men from Tajikistan have admitted robbing and killing Shurpayev.
    (AP, 3/21/08)(AP, 3/31/08)
2008        Mar 21, In Spain a car bomb exploded at a police barracks in the northern Rioja region following a warning from the Basque separatist organization ETA, injuring one person.
    (AFP, 3/21/08)
2008        Mar 21, In Turkey unrest erupted when celebrations marking Newroz day, or the Kurdish new year, degenerated into demonstrations in favor of the armed separatist Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK), which Ankara lists as a terrorist group.
    (AFP, 3/22/08)
2008        Mar 21, In Venezuela a riot broke out between prison gangs at the San Fernando de Apure lockup. 9 inmates were left dead and 20 more wounded.
    (SSFC, 3/23/08, p.A3)

2008        Mar 22, Michael Kassel (54), San Francisco blues musician (the Hellhounds) poet known as Vampyre Mike, died after a long illness. His books included “Graveyard Golf" and “Going for the Low Blow."
    (SSFC, 4/20/08, p.B6)
2008        Mar 22, Israel Lopez, Cuban bassist and composer known as “Cachao," died in Miami. He is credited with pioneering the mambo style of music (1937). In 1993 Andy Garcia, a Cuban American actor, made a documentary of Cachao’s career.
    (SSFC, 3/23/08, p.A2)
2008        Mar 22, Afghan and international forces killed over 40 Taliban militants in an air and ground strike in Uruzgan province. 2 coalition soldiers were killed by a roadside bomb in Kandahar province.
    (AP, 3/23/08)(SFC, 3/24/08, p.A12)
2008        Mar 22, In Bangladesh an emergency official said a tropical storm has killed at least five people. The storm also leveled around 3,000 huts.
    (AP, 3/22/08)
2008        Mar 22, The population of Botswana numbered about 1.8 million.
    (Econ, 3/22/08, p.74)
2008        Mar 22, China said 19 people died in riots in the Tibetan capital last week and official media warned against the unrest spreading to the northwest region of Xinjiang, where Uighur Muslims bridle under Chinese control. Exiled Tibetans claim as many as 100 have died in the protests which spilled over this week into neighboring ethnic-Tibetan areas.
    (Reuters, 3/22/08)
2008        Mar 22, More than 500 African Union troops arrived on the Comoros island of Moheli to join local forces massed for a military offensive to retake the rebel island of Anjouan.
    (AFP, 3/22/08)
2008        Mar 22, The population of the Union of Comoros was about 840,000.
    (Econ, 3/22/08, p.55)
2008        Mar 22, Population if Djibouti was about 800,000.
    (Econ, 3/22/08, p.55)
2008        Mar 22, Egyptian and European archeologists announced they had discovered a giant statue of Queen Tiy, the wife of 18th dynasty Pharaoh Amenhotep III, on the south Egypt site of the Colossi of Memnon.
    (AFP, 3/22/08)
2008        Mar 22, Eighteen Ukrainian sailors were missing after their tug boat sank off the Hong Kong coast following a collision with a cargo ship. 7 people were rescued. On Dec 13, 2010, a Hong Kong court convicted four seamen over the deaths of the 18 Ukrainian sailors.
    (Reuters, 3/23/08)(AFP, 1/13/10)
2008        Mar 22, A US airstrike struck two checkpoints manned by US-allied Sunni fighters in Samarra, killing six and injuring two. A suicide bomber drove a truck laden with explosives into the home of the mayor in Samarra. 3 security guards were killed and four others injured. A bomb exploded on a minibus in a predominantly Shiite area of eastern Baghdad, killing at least one passenger and injuring 8. An awakening council member in western Baghdad's Mansour neighborhood was killed and four others were injured in a mortar blast. A roadside bomb targeting a police patrol killed one passer-by and injured 7, in the northern city of Kirkuk. A roadside bombing northwest of Baghdad killed 3 US soldiers and two Iraqi civilians.
    (AP, 3/22/08)(AP, 3/23/08)
2008        Mar 22, Magdi Allam (55), Italy's most prominent Muslim, converted to Catholicism in a baptism by the pope at a Vatican Easter service. The iconoclastic writer has condemned Islamic extremism and defended Israel.
    (AP, 3/22/08)
2008        Mar 22, The population of Kosovo was about 2 million, with about 90% ethnic Albanian.
    (Econ, 3/22/08, p.60)
2008        Mar 22, US Vice President Dick Cheney completing a two-day stay in Saudi Arabia, discussed ways to stabilize the energy market with Saudi King Abdullah.
    (AP, 3/22/08)
2008        Mar 22, In southern Sudan two World Food Program (WFP) drivers on their way to the oil-rich Abyei state were stabbed to death by six assailants.
    (Reuters, 3/26/08)
2008        Mar 22, Ma Ying-jeou (57), Taiwan's opposition candidate of the KMT, cruised to victory in the presidential election, promising to expand economic ties with China while protecting the island from being swallowed up politically by its giant communist neighbor. Ma, a Harvard-educated lawyer and a former mayor of Taipei, won 58% of the votes compared to 41.5% for DPP challenger Frank Hsieh. The official Central Election Commission said Taiwan's two referendums on joining the UN have failed.
    (AP, 3/22/08)(Econ, 3/29/08, p.54)
2008        Mar 22, In Turkey dozens of people were injured and scores detained as police used truncheons and tear gas to break up violent Kurdish protests in several eastern cities.
    (AP, 3/22/08)

2008        Mar 23, It was reported that 1,195 migrating bison had been culled in Montana after leaving Yellowstone in search of food. The culling was expected to continue through April.
    (SSFC, 3/23/08, p.A4)
2008        Mar 23, Network Solutions, an American network provider, said it had suspended a website that Dutch MP Geert Wilders had reserved to post his anti-Islamic film, which has sparked wide condemnation and fears of a backlash.
    (AP, 3/23/08)
2008        Mar 23, The Alaska Ranger, a 189-foot fishing vessel, sank off the Aleutian Islands, killing the captain and 4 crew members. 42 crew members were rescued. State environmental regulators were notified that the ship was carrying 145,000 gallons of diesel when it sank in deep seas.
    (AP, 3/24/08)(SFC, 10/1/09, p.A6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FV_Alaska_Ranger)
2008        Mar 23, In Wisconsin Madeline Neumann (11) died of complication from diabetes after her parents prayed in lieu of seeking medical help. Both parents were charged with reckless homicide.
    (SSFC, 7/26/09, p.A12)(www.religionnewsblog.com/21316/madeline-kara-neuman)
2008        Mar 23, In Afghanistan 5 members of an Afghan mine-clearing team were killed.
    (SFC, 3/25/08, p.A3)
2008        Mar 23, China attacked House Speaker Nancy Pelosi for her recent meeting with the Dalai Lama, accusing her and other "human rights police" of double standards and ignoring the truth about the unrest in Tibet. Han residents said some 500 Uighurs protested in Khotan in the northwestern Xinjiang region. A bombing targeted a government building in the town of Gyanbe. Chinese authorities later arrested 9 monks for the bombing.
    (AP, 3/23/08)(SFC, 4/3/08, p.A8)(AFP, 4/13/08)
2008        Mar 23, In Indian Kashmir 4 policemen and a senior member of a hardline Islamic militant group were killed in a fierce gun battle near Srinagar.
    (AP, 3/23/08)
2008        Mar 23, Iranian artillery shelled three border towns in northern Iraq where Iranian Kurdish rebels are believed to be operating.
    (AP, 3/23/08)
2008        Mar 23, In Iraq a suicide car bomber killed at least 13 Iraqi soldiers and wounded dozens more people in Mosul. At least 10 civilians were killed and 20 more were wounded in rocket or mortar blasts in scattered areas of eastern Baghdad. The US-protected Green Zone in Baghdad came under fire from either mortars or rockets, and a round that fell short injured two bystanders. An American financial analyst working for the US Embassy in Baghdad was severely wounded in the rocket attack and died soon after. The overall US death toll in Iraq rose to 4,000 after four soldiers were killed in a roadside bombing in Baghdad.
    (AP, 3/23/08)(AP, 3/24/08)(AP, 3/26/08)
2008        Mar 23, In eastern Japan a person was stabbed to death and at least seven others were hurt by a man who went on a knifing spree at a shopping mall. Police arrested Masahiro Kanagawa (24), who was also wanted over the earlier slaying of a 72-year-old man.
    (AP, 3/23/08)
2008        Mar 23, In Pakistan 25 trucks carrying fuel to US-led forces in Afghanistan were destroyed in a possible bomb attack near the Torkham customs post. At least 50 people were injured.
    (SFC, 3/24/08, p.A12)
2008        Mar 23, Saudi Arabia said inflation reached a 27-year high of 8.7% in February.
    (WSJ, 3/24/08, p.A6)
2008        Mar 23, Serbian PM Vojislav Kostunica accused NATO peacekeepers and UN police of using "snipers and banned ammunition" to quell a Serb riot against Kosovo's independence.
    (AP, 3/23/08)
2008        Mar 23, South Korea's Hyundai Motor said it would begin mass producing hybrid cars next year amid growing demand for fuel-efficient and environmentally friendly vehicles.
    (AP, 3/23/08)
2008        Mar 23, In southeast Turkey Kurdish protesters clashed with police for a 4th day. Two people have been killed In the clashes and dozens injured.
     (WSJ, 3/24/08, p.A1)

2008        Mar 24, The US National Association of Realtors said sales of previously occupied homes rose 2.9% in February with a median price drop of 8.2%. Foreclosed properties represented about one in nine or currently listed homes for sale.
    (WSJ, 3/25/08, p.A1)
2008        Mar 24, JPMorgan Chase & Co., under threat by angry shareholders, raised its bid for Bear Stearns to $10 per share from an earlier $2 per share offer.
    (SFC, 3/25/08, p.D3)
2008        Mar 24, In Detroit, Mich., Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick (37) was charged with 8 felonies in an obstruction of justice case that involved a romantic affair with a chief of staff.
    (SFC, 3/25/08, p.A3)
2008        Mar 24, In Iowa City, Iowa, a woman and her 4 children were found dead. The burned body of Steven Sueppel (42), the husband and father, was found soon after in a wrecked van. Sueppel had been indicted last month on charges of stealing some $560,000 from Hills Bank and Trust, where he was vice president and controller.
    (SFC, 3/25/08, p.A2)
2008        Mar 24, Hal Riney (b.1932), a leading figure in the advertising world, died in San Francisco. He created the brand and image of General Motors’ Saturn automobile division.
    (SFC, 3/26/08, p.A1)
2008        Mar 24, Richard Widmark (b.1914), film star, died at his home in Connecticut. His 65 films over 5 decades included “Kiss of Death" (1947), for which he received his sole Academy Award nomination, for best supporting actor.
    (SFC, 3/26/08, p.A2)
2008        Mar 24, Al-Qaida deputy leader Ayman al-Zawahri called on Muslims in a new audiotape to strike Jewish and American targets in revenge for Israel's recent offensive in the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 3/24/08)
2008        Mar 24, In Afghanistan gunmen fatally shot 2 Afghan members of a mine-clearing team. Afghan and allied forces killed 12 Taliban fighters.
    (SFC, 3/25/08, p.A3)(WSJ, 3/25/08, p.A1)
2008        Mar 24, Bhutan held its first democratic elections. A new parliament and new constitution diluted the powers of its popular monarch. The Druk Phuensum Tshogpa (DPT) or Bhutan United Party, led by ex-premier Jigmi Thinley (55), won 44 of 47 seats. Thinley has pledged to boost development and happiness in the Himalayan nation.
    (AP, 3/25/08)(Econ, 3/29/08, p.58)
2008        Mar 24, Neil Aspinall (b.1941)), Beatle associate and boss of Apple Corps, died in NYC.
    (Econ, 4/5/08, p.90)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neil_Aspinall)
2008        Mar 24, An American cargo ship under contract to the US Navy opened fire on a small Egyptian boat while moving through the Suez Canal. Egyptian authorities said at least one man was killed. On Aug 28 the US ambassador met with the family Mohammed Fouad, the man killed, and offered an apology and 750,000 Egyptian pounds, or about US$140,000. In return, the family agreed not to sue the US government.
    (AP, 3/25/08)(AP, 8/29/08)
2008        Mar 24, In Greece 3 men from a free-press group ran onto the field of the stadium in Ancient Olympia during a flame-lighting ceremony for the Beijing Olympics, evading massive security aimed at preventing such disruptions in the wake of China's crackdown in Tibet.
    (AP, 3/24/08)
2008        Mar 24, In Iraq PM al-Maliki announced that Operation Charge of the Knights would begin the next day in Basra. He sent over 30,000 Iraqi troops into Basra, mentored by US Marines, to clean out the Shia militias.
    (www.prospect-magazine.co.uk/article_details.php?id=10635)(Econ, 5/2/09, p.47)
2008        Mar 24, Pakistan's National Assembly elected as prime minister Yousaf Raza Gilani, a top official in assassinated former PM Benazir Bhutto's party. Gilani ordered the release of all judges detained after President Pervez Musharraf imposed emergency rule last year.
    (Reuters, 3/24/08)(AFP, 3/24/08)
2008        Mar 24, Portugal's President Anibal Cavaco Silva began a 3-day official visit to Mozambique, where members of his government have signed four bilateral accords.
    (AFP, 3/25/08)
2008        Mar 24, A car bomb exploded outside a bank in southern Russia's violence-plagued Ingushetia region, wounding at least five people.
    (AP, 3/24/08)
2008        Mar 24, Saudi Arabia said its king would send a lower level diplomat to the March 29 Arab League summit in Syria, which hoped to help solve the stalemate in Lebanon.
    (WSJ, 3/25/08, p.A1)
2008        Mar 24, The WHO said polio transmission has been stopped in Somalia.
    (WSJ, 3/25/08, p.A1)
2008        Mar 24, South Korea's president asked North Korea to consider sending home prisoners of war and captured civilians in return for receiving humanitarian aid from Seoul.
    (AP, 3/24/08)
2008        Mar 24, Rafael Azcona (b.1926), Spanish novelist and scriptwriter, died. He was known for films such as the Oscar-winning comedy "Belle Epoque" and Luis Garcia Berlanga's "The Executioner."
    (AP, 5/21/08)(http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rafael_Azcona)
2008        Mar 24, An exiled Tibetan leader said 2 weeks of protests against China's rule of Tibet have left about 130 people dead.
    (AP, 3/24/08)

2008        Mar 25, The US Supreme Court ruled that US ratification of certain treaties isn’t enforceable unless Congress takes additional steps.
    (WSJ, 3/26/08, p.A1)
2008        Mar 25, A widely watched index of US home prices fell 11.4 percent in January, its steepest drop since data for the indicator was first collected in 1987. The decline reported in the Standard & Poor's/Case-Shiller index means prices have been growing more slowly or dropping for 19 consecutive months.
    (AP, 3/25/08)
2008        Mar 25, America’s baseball season opened in Japan as the Boston Red Sox beat the Oakland Athletics 6-5.
    (Econ, 3/29/08, p.83)
2008        Mar 25, In Florida part of a construction crane fell 30 floors at the site of a Miami condo tower, killing 2 workers and injuring 5.
    (WSJ, 3/26/08, p.A1)
2008        Mar 25, US researchers, who have identified all 1,116 unique proteins found in human saliva glands, said the discovery could usher in a wave of convenient, spit-based diagnostic tests that could be done without the need for a single drop of blood.
    (Reuters, 3/25/08)
2008        Mar 25, In Afghanistan gunmen have attacked a group of police along the border with Iran, killing four police and two civilians.
    (AP, 3/25/08)
2008        Mar 25, Argentina’s President Cristina Fernandez refused to ease tax hikes on agricultural exports, facing down angry farmers embroiled in a nationwide strike that has all but halted production in one of the world's biggest beef-exporting nations. The tax on soybeans had been raised to 40%, up from 27% in 2007.
    (AP, 3/26/08)(Econ, 3/29/08, p.49)
2008        Mar 25, In western Austria some 70 vehicles were involved in a pileup on an autobahn killing one person and injuring at least 37 others.
    (AP, 3/25/08)
2008        Mar 25, Belarus said it had uncovered a spy ring working for Washington, deepening a diplomatic and human rights row between the countries. Police beat demonstrators with truncheons and hauled them into waiting trucks as thousands of opposition protesters turned out in defiance of a government ban on the anniversary of the 1918 short-lived declaration of independence.
    (AP, 3/25/08)
2008        Mar 25, Director Koichiro Matsuura said that Visegrad’s Mehmed Pasha Sokolovic bridge, a 16th century stone bridge over the Drina River that links Bosnia and Serbia, has been added to UNESCO's World Heritage List. A ceremony in Sarajevo marked the event.
    (AP, 3/26/08)
2008        Mar 25, Auctioneers said the painting "La Surprise" (~1718) by French artist Jean-Antoine Watteau, missing for 200 years, has been found in a British country house and could now sell for up to five million pounds.
    (AFP, 3/25/08)
2008        Mar 25, Troops from the Indian Ocean archipelago nation of Comoros seized control of the rebel island of Anjouan after a seaborne assault backed by the African Union.
    (Reuters, 3/25/08)
2008        Mar 25, In eastern Guatemala at least nine people were killed and seven wounded in a shootout that is likely tied to drug traffickers. Guatemalan drug boss Juan Jose "Juancho" Leon was summoned by Mexican traffickers for what he was told was business. Instead, dozens of attackers ambushed his entourage with grenades and assault rifles, killing Leon and 10 others in a brazen demonstration of power.
    (AP, 3/25/08)(AP, 7/21/09)
2008        Mar 25, In western Honduras a passenger bus plunged off a highway and rolled 500 yards down a hillside, killing 26 people and injuring at least 19.
    (AP, 3/26/08)
2008        Mar 25, Officials said Indonesia plans to restrict access to pornographic and violent sites on the Internet after the country's parliament passed a new information bill.
    (Reuters, 3/25/08)
2008        Mar 25, Iraqi forces clashed with Shiite militiamen in the southern oil port of Basra and least 22 people were killed. 5 suspected militants were killed in Basra while attempting to place a roadside bomb. Gunmen patrolled several Baghdad neighborhoods as followers of Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr ordered a nationwide civil disobedience campaign to demand an end to the crackdown on their movement. 2 bombs exploded in central Baghdad, killing one civilian and wounding eight others. A US-allied Sunni fighter was killed in a drive-by shooting northeast of the capital. In August it was reported that a secret deal with an Iran-backed militia kept British forces out of the battle, leaving US and Iraqi forces to fight alone. The Ministry of Defense denied any deal was struck and said it held back to ensure that the operation was seen as Iraqi-led. The effect was that 4,000 British soldiers were kept out of action for six days until a deal brokered in Iran ended heavy fighting.
    (AP, 3/25/08)(AP, 8/5/08)
2008        Mar 25, In Nepal police armed with bamboo sticks stopped a protest by Tibetan refugees and monks in front of the Chinese Embassy and arrested about 100 participants.
    (AP, 3/25/08)
2008        Mar 25, King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia made a proposal for dialogue among the world’s monotheistic religions. Abdullah said Saudi Arabia's top clerics gave him a green light.
    (AP, 3/26/08)
2008        Mar 25, In Sri Lanka fighting across the war-ravaged northern district killed at least one soldier and 19 rebels.
    (AFP, 3/26/08)
2008        Mar 25, In Sudan a World Food Program (WFP) driver was shot dead and his assistant seriously wounded in South Darfur state.
    (Reuters, 3/26/08)
2008        Mar 25, It was reported that Syria is cracking down more on Internet use, imposing tighter monitoring of citizens who link to the Web, as well as jailing bloggers who criticize the government and blocking YouTube and other Web sites deemed harmful to state security.
    (AP, 3/25/08)

2008        Mar 26, Motorola Inc said it would split into two publicly traded entities to separate its loss-making handset division from its other businesses, sending its shares up about 5%.
    (AP, 3/26/08)
2008        Mar 26, Scientists said the basic ingredients for life: warmth, water and organic chemicals, are in place on Saturn's small moon Enceladus, in detailing the content of huge plumes erupting off its surface.
    (Reuters, 3/26/08)(Econ, 5/30/15, p.78)
2008        Mar 26, The NASA space shuttle Endeavour and its crew of seven made a night landing in Florida following a 16 day mission to the ISS.
    (SFC, 3/27/08, p.A3)
2008        Mar 26, In southern Afghanistan 8 civilians were killed when a bomb-filled car exploded near a crowded bazaar in Helmand province, in an attack claimed by the Taliban. A police officer was killed in a roadside bombing in Helmand. Insurgents attacked a NATO patrol, killing one soldier and wounding another. Militants fired a rocket at opium poppy eradication police, killing two policemen and wounding another. US-led coalition forces killed several Taliban militants after coming under attack in Helmand province.
    (AP, 3/26/08)(AP, 3/27/08)(AP, 3/28/08)
2008        Mar 26, It was reported that British pig husbandry is in crisis due to exploding global grain prices. Last month British pig farmers recorded “Stand By Your Ham" based on the 1968 US country classic “Stand By Your Man" by Tammy Wynette.
    (WSJ, 3/26/08, p.A1)
2008        Mar 26, China announced the surrender of hundreds of people over anti-government riots among Tibetans and allowed the first group of foreign journalists to visit the regional capital since the violence.
    (AP, 3/26/08)
2008        Mar 26, In China 24 people were killed when fireworks that had been trucked to the Gobi Desert to be destroyed exploded as they were being dumped into a ditch.
    (AP, 3/28/08)
2008        Mar 26, Manuel "Sureshot" Marulanda (78), co-founder and commander of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), died of a heart attack. On May 24 President Alvaro Uribe announced he is willing to offer rebels who free hostages "conditional liberty" and passage abroad. Marulanda, whose real name is Pedro Antonio Marin, and had led the peasant-based FARC since its founding in 1964. Alfonso Cano (Guillermo Leon Saenz), the FARC’s chief ideologue, was expected to replace Marulanda.
    (AP, 5/25/08)(Econ, 5/31/08, p.42)(AP, 3/26/09)
2008        Mar 26, In Dubai a massive explosion at a fireworks factory left two people dead and two injured. Subsequent fires rapidly spread, sending thick clouds of black smoke into the sky.
    (AP, 3/26/08)
2008        Mar 26, French Pres. Nicolas Sarkozy vowed to open a new chapter in ties with Britain as he arrived for a state visit which he hopes will also help repair his image as a statesman.
    (AP, 3/26/08)
2008        Mar 25, Air travel between Georgia and Russia resumed, more than 17 months after Moscow suspended flights because of tension between the ex-Soviet neighbors.
    (AP, 3/25/08)
2008        Mar 26, India's Tata Motors said it had bought British luxury icons Jaguar and Land Rover from ailing US carmaker Ford Motor Co for 1.15 billion pounds (2.3 billion dollars).
    (AP, 3/26/08)
2008        Mar 26, Iraq's prime minister gave gunmen in the southern oil port of Basra three days to surrender their weapons and renounce violence as clashes between security forces and Shiite militia fighters erupted for a second day. Officials said at least 40 people were killed and 200 wounded in the fighting in Basra. 3 Americans were seriously injured by rockets or mortars fired into Baghdad’s Green Zone. A mortar shell or rocket that apparently fell short struck a minibus in the mainly Shiite district of Karradah, killing at least 3 passengers and wounding 9 others. Two rounds also slammed into another area of Karradah, killing 3 civilians and wounding six. Two other Iraqis were killed and 4 wounded when another round struck a residential area in a Shiite neighborhood in western Baghdad. Gunmen killed a US-allied Sunni fighter and wounded his wife and daughter after storming his house in Samarra. Several Iraqi civilians were killed or injured in separate fighting between US troops and suspected al-Qaida in Iraq insurgents in the northern town of Tikrit. A US airstrike there left 7 bodies in the rubble of houses and a local judge who owned one of the houses was among the dead. Two American soldiers were killed in separate attacks in Baghdad.
    (AP, 3/26/08)(AP, 3/27/08)
2008        Mar 26, The Israeli military captured Omar Jabar, the mastermind of the March 2002 bombing in Netanya, the deadliest suicide bombing of the Palestinian uprising.
    (AP, 3/26/08)
2008        Mar 26, Italian officials held a crisis meeting after Japan and South Korea banned imports of mozzarella following the discovery of high dioxin levels in buffalo milk used to make the famed cheese.
    (AP, 3/26/08)
2008        Mar 26, In Mexico a confrontation in Sinaloa state left four civilians and two soldiers dead. A military judge later issued an arrest warrant for 5 soldiers considered as suspects.
    (AP, 4/5/08)
2008        Mar 26, TimeRime BV was founded by Marijn Bom, Jaap Joziasse, Gerard Pastwa and Pico Wilbrenninck, as a spin-off of the Dutch webdevelopment company Hoppinger.com.
    (www.timerime.com/)
2008        Mar 26, In Norway a six-story apartment building collapsed in the west coast city of Aalesund after it was hit by a rock slide, injuring 15 people and leaving five missing.
    (AP, 3/26/08)
2008        Mar 26, Philippine farmers warned that the country was facing a serious rice supply crisis, as the government signed a deal to import rice from Vietnam to boost local reserves at a time of rising prices and shrinking global stocks.
    (AP, 3/26/08)
2008        Mar 26, In the southern Philippines a passenger boat with 14 people on board capsized, leaving only one known survivor, a man who swam several hours to shore. Most of the missing were children.
    (AP, 3/28/08)
2008        Mar 26, A roadside blast in Sri Lanka's restive eastern region killed two policemen while fighting in the north left at least 19 rebels and one soldier dead.
    (AFP, 3/26/08)
2008        Mar 26, The African Union-UN mission said 5 civilians were killed and more than a dozen others injured when an international peacekeeping vehicle crashed into a bus in Darfur.
    (AFP, 3/26/08)
2008        Mar 26, Trinidad’s RBTT, the largest regionally owned bank, agreed to accept a takeover by the Royal Bank of Canada.
    (Econ, 3/29/08, p.50)
2008        Mar 26, Venezuela's National Assembly opened an investigation into a congressman's accusations that two of President Hugo Chavez's brothers acquired 17 ranches in recent years.
    (AP, 3/26/08)

2008        Mar 27, A US appeals Court in Philadelphia overturned the death sentence of Mumia Abu Jamal, who had been convicted of killing Officer Daniel Faulkner on Dec 9, 1981.
    (SFC, 3/28/08, p.A4)
2008        Mar 27, In Kansas City, Mo., a judge convicted Terry Blair (46) of killing 6 women in 2004. Blair faced life in prison.
    (SFC, 3/28/08, p.A4)
2008        Mar 27, Adobe systems, the maker of the popular photo-editing software Photoshop, launched a basic version available for free online.
    (AP, 3/27/08)
2008        Mar 27, In Columbus, Georgia, Charles Johnston (63) stormed a hospital and killed 3 people including a nurse he blamed for his mother’s death in 2004. Johnston was wounded and taken into custody.
    (SFC, 3/29/08, p.A2)
2008        Mar 27, Comorans staged angry anti-French protests as France decided whether to give ousted rebel leader Mohamed Bacar asylum after he fled to its Indian Ocean territory of Mayotte.
    (AP, 3/27/08)
2008        Mar 27, Iraq’s PM Nouri al-Maliki promised to pursue his fight against Shiite militias in Basra to "the end." Al-Sadr called for a political solution to the burgeoning crisis and an end to the "shedding of Iraqi blood." Tens of thousands of Shiites took to Baghdad's streets to protest the government crackdown on militias in Basra as heavy fighting between Iraqi security forces and gunmen erupted for a third day in the southern oil port and the capital. The death toll in the Shiite city of Hillah, about 60 miles south of Baghdad, rose to at least 60. Tahseen Sheikhly, the Sunni civilian spokesman for the Baghdad security operation, was kidnapped and three bodyguards killed. A booby-trapped car exploded near the Iraqi Red Crescent Society's offices in Baghdad, killing two civilians and wounding five.
    (AP, 3/27/08)(AP, 3/28/08)
2008        Mar 27, The Mexican government said it has sent more than 2,500 soldiers and federal police to curb soaring violence in a border state across from Texas and New Mexico.
    (AP, 3/28/08)
2008        Mar 27, Myanmar's junta chief insisted that he is not power-hungry and intends to hand control of the government to the winners of elections in 2010.
    (AP, 3/27/08)
2008        Mar 27, Geert Wilders, a Dutch lawmaker, released his 15-minute film “Fitna," which linked verses of the Koran to violent images from terrorist attacks.
    (SFC, 3/28/08, p.A4)
2008        Mar 27, North Korea expelled all 11 South Korean officials from a joint industrial estate just north of the border in retaliation for Seoul's new tougher line towards the communist state.
    (AP, 3/27/08)
2008        Mar 27, Suspected militants attacked an ambulance in a Pakistani tribal region on the Afghan border killing at least six people, including two paramilitary soldiers. A gunman on a motorcycle has fatally shot two anti-terrorism officials in the southern city of Karachi.
    (AP, 3/27/08)(AP, 3/28/08)
2008        Mar 27, The editor-in-chief of the local edition said the Philippines will get its own edition of Playboy magazine, only without the nudity that made the US version famous. The Philippine edition will be launched on April 2 as a "mature lifestyle magazine."
    (AFP, 3/27/08)
2008        Mar 27, Puerto Rico’s Gov. Anibal Acevedo Vila was charged with 19 counts in a campaign finance probe, including conspiracy to violate US federal campaign laws and giving false testimony to the FBI. 12 others were also charged in the corruption probe.
    (AP, 3/27/08)(WSJ, 3/28/08, p.A1)
2008        Mar 27, In northern Sri Lanka a series of battles along the front lines killed 17 ethnic Tamil rebels and two government soldiers.
    (AP, 3/28/08)
2008        Mar 27, A group of monks shouting there was no religious freedom disrupted a carefully orchestrated visit for foreign reporters to Tibet's capital, an embarrassment for China as it tried to show Lhasa was calm following deadly anti-government riots.
    (AP, 3/27/08)
2008        Mar 27, Turkey's armed forces killed 15 members of the outlawed Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) in northern Iraq using long-range land weapons.
    (Reuters, 3/29/08)
2008        Mar 27, A helicopter belonging to Ukraine's border guards crashed off an island in the Black Sea. One officer was rescued and 12 were missing.
    (Reuters, 3/27/08)

2008        Mar 28, The US Transportation Security Administration said it will change they way its officers search passengers with body piercings after a Texas woman complained she was forced to remove a nipple ring with pliers in order to board an airplane.
    (AP, 3/29/08)
2008        Mar 28, The grey wolf of the northern Rocky Mountains was taken off the federal protection list after reaching a population of some 1,500 in the greater Yellowstone region. Wolves were reintroduced in 1995 after disappearing from the area in 1926. On July 18 a judge restored protection for the wolves in Montana, Wyoming and Idaho, derailing plans for public wolf hunts this fall. On Sep 29 a federal court overturned the Bush administration’s decision to remove gray wolves from the endangered species list in the Great lakes region.
    (Econ, 3/29/08, p.44)(SFC, 7/19/08, p.A4)(WSJ, 9/30/08, p.A1)
2008        Mar 28, Helen Yglesias (92), American novelist and editor, died. Her first book: “How she Died" (1972), tells of Mary Moody Schwartz, the daughter of a Communist convicted of spying for the Soviets in the 1930s.
    (SFC, 4/8/08, p.B5)
2008        Mar 28, British Airways Plc cancelled a fifth of flights from its new $8.6 billion terminal at London's Heathrow airport as chaos from its shambolic opening spilled into a second day.
    (AP, 3/28/08)
2008        Mar 28, Jean-Jacques Demafouth, an exiled former defense minister in the Central African Republic, said that he had been elected head of the main rebel group and would lead it into peace talks. The UN said rebel fighters attacked CAR villages between Feb 9 and Mar 10 raping women and taking 150 hostages, including 55 children.
    (AFP, 3/28/08)
2008        Mar 28, In Chile 5 youths, aged 14-20, attacked 9 German soldiers and took them hostage in the port city of Iquique. One soldier escaped and police quickly surrounded the house and arrested four suspects after a shootout.
    (AP, 3/29/08)
2008        Mar 28, China allowed the first foreign diplomats to visit Tibet following deadly riots, as Germany joined some other European nations in announcing its leader would skip the Olympics opening. Police closed off Lhasa's Muslim quarter, two weeks after Tibetan rioters burned down the city's mosque during the largest anti-Chinese protests in nearly two decades.
    (AP, 3/28/08)
2008        Mar 28, Mohamed Bacar, the rebel leader of the Comoros island of Anjouan, arrived in Reunion to an uncertain future, two days after his ouster by Comoran and African Union forces.
    (AP, 3/28/08)
2008        Mar 28, President Raul Castro's government said it is allowing cell phones for ordinary Cubans, a luxury previously reserved for those who worked for foreign firms or held key posts with the communist-run state.
    (AP, 3/28/08)
2008        Mar 28, A commerce ministry official said Egypt is to suspend rice exports for six months to try to meet the demands of its own people hit by soaring food prices. Hundreds of residents of the ancient city of Luxor clashed with riot police during a protest against government attempts to move them to make room for an open-air museum free of modern buildings.
    (AP, 3/28/08)(AP, 3/29/08)
2008        Mar 28, Indonesian police said they were investigating the deaths over the last 2 weeks of 21 people who drank a concoction labeled an herbal remedy.
    (AP, 3/28/08)
2008        Mar 28, PM Nouri al-Maliki's office says the Iraqi government has given residents of Basra until April 8 to turn over "heavy and medium-size weapons" in return for a reward. US warplanes carried out at least two airstrikes overnight in Basra for the first time since clashes between Shiite militias and Iraqi security forces erupted this week. A US warplane strafed snipers in the southern city of Basra, killing at least 16 suspected militants after Iraqi troops came under heavy fire. Shiite militants also clashed with government forces for a fourth day in Iraq's oil-rich south and sporadic fighting broke out in Baghdad. A US helicopter also fired a Hellfire missile during fighting in the Baghdad's militia stronghold of Sadr City, killing four gunmen. Iraqi police and hospital officials in Sadr City said 5 civilians were killed and 4 others wounded in the attack. A US air assault in the Kazamiyah neighborhood, west of Sadr City, killed 10 militants. At least 12 militia fighters were killed and 7 others wounded in fighting in Mahmoudiya. Fierce fighting in the Mahdi Army stronghold of Nasiriyah killed at least 4 people. 2 Iraqi security forces were killed and 3 wounded in Kut.
    (AP, 3/28/08)(AP, 3/29/08)(AP, 3/30/08)
2008        Mar 28, Jordan, Iraq and Yemen announced at the last minute that their top leaders will not attend this weekend's Arab summit in Damascus.
    (AP, 3/28/08)
2008        Mar 28, North Korea test-fired a barrage of short-range missiles in apparent response to the new South Korean government's tougher stance on Pyongyang.
    (AP, 3/28/08)
2008        Mar 28, Palestinian medics say a Palestinian man was killed by Israeli army fire as he approached Gaza's border fence with Israel. The Israeli military said the man was armed and hurled a grenade at forces close to the fence.
    (AP, 3/29/08)
2008        Mar 28, South Africa launched a four million dollar program to track down tuberculosis patients who have defaulted treatment, leading to resistant strains of the illness.
    (AP, 3/28/08)
2008        Mar 28, In northeastern Tanzania 75 miners were missing and believed to have died in mines following heavy rains.
    (AP, 3/29/08)
2008        Mar 28, Turkish warplanes hit Kurdish rebel targets in northern Iraq.
    (AP, 3/29/08)
2008        Mar 28, Combat helicopters and F-16 fighter jets opened fire at a clandestine airstrip in Venezuela's remote southern plains as part of a government counter-drug effort. Army Gen. Jesus Gonzalez told state television that so far this year, the military has demolished 67 airstrips used by drug traffickers to smuggle cocaine from neighboring Colombia to the United States and Europe. Another 90 are to be destroyed next week.
    (AP, 3/28/08)

2008        Mar 29, In SF Philip Ng (24) and Ernad Joldic (21) were shot and killed in a car at Excelsior and Athens Street. In 2009 Erick Lopez, an alleged member of MS-13 street gang, was indicted for the killings.
    (SFC, 10/23/09, p.A12)
2008        Mar 29, Afghan, US and Pakistani officers opened the first of six joint military intelligence centers along the Afghan-Pakistan border, an effort to cut down on militants' movement in a region of rising terrorist activity.
    (AP, 3/29/08)
2008        Mar 29, A police headquarters building in Angola's capital collapsed and at least 24 people were killed.
    (AP, 3/31/08)
2008        Mar 29, Sydney's iconic Opera House and Harbor Bridge went dark as the world's first major city turned off its lights for this year's Earth Hour, a global campaign to raise awareness of climate change.
    (AP, 3/29/08)
2008        March 29, Azerbaijan customs halted a shipment of Russian equipment for Iran’s first nuclear power plant. The equipment was released May 1.
    (WSJ, 5/2/08, p.A8)
2008        Mar 29, In Brazil Isabella Nardoni (5) died after falling from her father's sixth-floor Sao Paulo apartment. On April 18 Alexandre Nardoni (29) and his wife, Anna Carolina Jatoba (24), the father and stepmother of the 5-year-old girl, were arrested for allegedly throwing the girl from their apartment window.
    (AP, 4/19/08)
2008        Mar 29, British Airways said that it was canceling more flights to and from London Heathrow airport's new Terminal 5 for a third day running because of logistical problems.
    (AFP, 3/29/08)
2008        Mar 29, Angus Fairhurst (b.1966), one of the group of "Young British Artists" who stormed the international art scene in the 1990s, died of suicide during a walk in Scotland.
    (AP, 4/1/08)
2008        Mar 29, Three seal hunters died after a fishing vessel capsized in the icy waters of the Gulf of St. Lawrence, marking the first accident of Canada's 2008 seal hunt season.
    (Reuters, 3/29/08)
2008        Mar 29, Al-Sadr called on his followers to defy government orders to surrender their weapons, saying arms of the Mahdi Army should only be turned over to a national leadership "that can get the occupier," meaning the Americans their coalition allies, out of Iraq. Iraq's Health Ministry reported at least 75 civilians have been killed and at least 500 others injured in a week of clashes and airstrikes in Sadr City and other eastern Baghdad neighborhoods. US jets widened the bombing of Basra, dropping two precision-guided bombs on a suspected militia stronghold north of the city. Iraqi police said a US warplane strafed a house and killed eight civilians, including two women and one child. Mortars landed in Shiite areas of eastern Baghdad, killing at least one person and injuring 12. American troops and Iraqis unearthed 14 significantly decomposed bodies in a mass grave northeast of Baghdad.
    (AP, 3/29/08)(AP, 3/30/08)
2008        Mar 29, In Kathmandu, Nepal, around 80 Tibetan protesters shouting "stop the killing in Tibet" were hauled away in police vehicles and detained after demonstrating outside the Chinese embassy.
    (AP, 3/29/08)
2008        Mar 29, In southwestern Nigeria 5 employees of Express Oil were seized by angry youths in Ondo state over the company's failure to pay royalties for its operations in the area.
    (AFP, 3/31/08)
2008        Mar 29, In Somalia at least 10 people were killed in Mogadishu after government troops shelled a market area known to be an insurgent hideout.
    (SSFC, 3/30/08, p.A2)
2008        Mar 29, An Arab League summit in Damascus, where Syrian President Bashar Assad questioned how long Arab nations can keep offering Israel a land-for-peace proposal. Islamic and Arab leaders denounced a Dutch film that portrays Islam as a ticking time bomb aimed at the West, demanding international laws to prevent insults to religions.
    (AP, 3/29/08)(AP, 3/30/08)
2008        Mar 29, Zimbabweans lined up for hours to vote in elections that present President Robert Mugabe with his toughest political challenge in 28 years in power.
    (AP, 3/29/08)

2008        Mar 30, The Pritzker jury announced French architect jean Nouvel (62) as the winner of the 2008 Pritzker Prize.
    (WSJ, 3/31/08, p.A5)
2008        Mar 30, Leading doctors urged a return to older, tried-and-true treatments for high cholesterol after hearing full results of a failed trial of Vytorin.
    (AP, 3/31/08)
2008        Mar 30, British Airways cancelled another batch of flights as it struggled to cope with a massive backlog of luggage at London Heathrow airport's new multi-billion-pound Terminal 5.
    (AP, 3/30/08)
2008        Mar 30, Dith Pran (65), whose experiences during the Cambodian genocide of the 1970s were adapted into the award-winning movie "The Killing Fields," died in New Jersey.
    (AFP, 3/30/08)
2008        Mar 30, Pernod Ricard SA, a French spirits company, agreed to pay the Swedish government 5.28 billion euros for Vin & Sprit, the maker of Absolut, outbidding three competitors.
    (AP, 3/31/08)
2008        Mar 30, Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr offered to pull his fighters off the streets of Basra and other cities if the government halts raids against his followers and releases prisoners held without charge.
    (AP, 3/30/08)
2008        Mar 30, Israel pledged to remove 50 West Bank roadblocks as part of a package to improve everyday life for Palestinians after US Sec. of State Rice met with Israel's defense minister, Ehud Barak, and Palestinian PM Salam Fayyad.
    (AP, 3/30/08)
2008        Mar 30, In Syria Iraq refused to endorse the final declaration of the Arab summit because it did not condemn terrorism in the country, a divisive end to a gathering marred by disputes and boycotts.
    (AP, 3/30/08)
2008        Mar 30, The Vatican said Islam has overtaken Roman Catholicism in number of adherents. It recently put the Roman Catholic number at 1.13 billion. Others estimated Muslims to number around 1.3 billion.
    (WSJ, 3/31/08, p.A8)
2008        Mar 30, Zimbabwe's opposition said it had won the most crucial election since independence, but President Robert Mugabe's government warned premature victory claims would be seen as an attempted coup.
    (AP, 3/30/08)

2008        Mar 31, The Bush administration proposed the most far-ranging overhaul of the financial regulatory system since the stock market crash of 1929 and the ensuing Great Depression. Alphonso Jackson, the Bush administration's top housing official, under criminal investigation and intense pressure from Democratic critics, announced he is quitting.
    (AP, 3/31/08)
2008        Mar 31, Gregg Bergersen (51), a Pentagon weapons analyst, pleaded guilty to giving classified information about US and Taiwanese military communications systems to Tai Kuo, a New Orleans furniture salesman working with the Chinese government.
    (WSJ, 4/1/08, p.A2)
2008        Mar 31, The US investment banking company Lehman Brothers sued the Japanese trading company Marubeni, seeking to recover $350 million in financing it says was obtained fraudulently.
    (AP, 3/31/08)
2008        Mar 31, American director Jules Dassin (96), whose Greek wife Melina Mercouri starred in his hit movie "Never on Sunday" and six more of his films, died at an Athens hospital.
    (AP, 3/31/08)
2008        Mar 31, A clash in southern Afghanistan killed a Danish soldier and wounded two others. A separate attack on a NATO patrol killed two British troops. an airstrike killed three men irrigating land close to a road in Kandahar province. The men may have been mistaken for militants planting roadside bombs. In Helmand province police arrested Mullah Naqibullah, a senior Taliban commander who has escaped twice from Afghan prisons. Naqibullah was nabbed during a clash that left three insurgents dead.
    (AP, 3/31/08)(AP, 4/1/08)
2008        Mar 31, Some of England's most sacred soil was disturbed for the first time in more than four decades as archaeologists worked to solve the enduring riddle of Stonehenge: When and why was the prehistoric monument built?
    (AP, 3/31/08)
2008        Mar 31, Chad's state radio announced that the president has pardoned six French aid workers convicted of kidnapping 103 children.
    (AP, 3/31/08)
2008        Mar 31, Chinese President Hu Jintao presided over the re-lighting of the Olympic torch in Beijing, signaling the start of an around-the-world torch relay that already has become a magnet for protesters.
    (AP, 3/31/08)
2008        Mar 31, Chinese authorities arrested suspects in four arson and murder cases stemming from anti-government riots that engulfed the Tibetan capital in mid-March.
    (AP, 3/31/08)
2008        Mar 31, New President Raul Castro's government has lifted a ban on Cubans staying at hotels previously reserved for foreigners, ending another restriction that had been especially irksome to citizens.
    (AP, 3/31/08)
2008        Mar 31, In Iraq the fortified Green Zone came under fresh attack, less than 24 hours after anti-American Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr told his fighters to stand down following a week of clashes with government forces. Near Buhriz unknown gunmen in a car attacked a checkpoint manned by US-backed Sunni fighters. Four of the fighters were killed.
    (AP, 3/31/08)
2008        Mar 31, Jerusalem's city hall has announced a plan to construct 600 new apartments in the Pisgat Zeev neighborhood of east Jerusalem.
    (AP, 3/31/08)
2008        Mar 31, Scientists in Japan reported that they have designed artificial molecules that when used with rats successfully reversed liver cirrhosis, a serious chronic disease in humans that until now can only be cured by transplants.
    (Reuters, 3/31/08)
2008        Mar 31, Malaysia's Islamic opposition party delivered a protest note to the Netherlands' embassy over the release of an anti-Islam movie by a maverick Dutch lawmaker, while hard-line Muslims in neighboring Indonesia demanded the death of the filmmaker.
    (AP, 3/31/08)
2008        Mar 31, In Mexico Juana Barraza (50), a former female wrestler who terrorized Mexico City as the "Little Old Lady Killer," was sentenced to 759 years in jail for killing 16 elderly women.
    (AP, 3/31/08)
2008        Mar 31, Turkey's top court decided to put the Islamist-rooted ruling party on trial for alleged anti-secular activity, in a case that could threaten national stability and Ankara's bid to join the EU. Clashes between Turkish troops and Kurdish rebels left nine rebels and three soldiers dead in Turkey's southeast.
    (AFP, 3/31/08)(AP, 4/1/08)
2008        Mar 31, Zimbabwe's opposition Movement for Democratic Change and President Robert Mugabe's ruling ZANU-PF were on level-pegging, as the results trickled in from a weekend general election. The MDC's own tally of votes in 128 of the 210 parliamentary seats showed that its leader Tsvangirai had secured 60 percent of votes against 30 for Mugabe in the presidential race.
    (AFP, 3/31/08)

2008        Mar, Ahmed Muhammed Dhakane of Somalia was arrested on immigration charges in Brownsville, across the Rio Grande from Matamoros, Mexico. In 2011 Dhakane (25) was sentenced to 10 years in prison for failing to acknowledge ties to two global terrorist groups.
    (AP, 4/29/11)
2008        Mar, Malaysian police arrested 2 Mexican brothers at a secluded meth factory along with a Singaporean and a Malaysian. Police seized more than 60 pounds (nearly 30 kg) of methamphetamine worth $15 million.
    (AP, 4/25/11)
2008        Mar, The population of Malaysia numbered about 28 million people. About 3.9 million had dial-up internet subscriptions and 1.2 million had broadband.
    (Econ, 3/15/08, p.52)
2008        Mar, In South Africa tens of thousands of swallows fell dead in Limpopo province as wet weather prevented them from eating properly less than a week before their migration for Europe.
    (SFC, 4/12/08, p.B6)
2008        Mar, Islamic members of the UN Human Rights Council, backed by China and Russia, pushed through a resolution saying free speech could be limited out of “respect for religions and beliefs."
    (Econ, 4/26/08, p.77)
2008        Mar, Kholoud Ahmad Jua'an Al Daheri was appointed the UAE’s first female judge.
    (www.gulfnews.com/nation/Government/10298829.html)
2008        Mar, It was reported that life expectancy in Zimbabwe, once the highest in sub-Saharan Africa, had fallen to 36 years.
    (Econ, 3/22/08, p.53)

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