Timeline 2008 April-June

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2008        Apr 1, A top US immigration official said Washington has started deportation proceedings against thousands of Vietnamese living illegally in the US under a pact between the two countries.
    (AP, 4/1/08)
2008        Apr 1, The US EPA took over cleanup of an oil spill in Santa Barbara, Ca., after failed efforts by Greka Oil & Gas to clean up a spill. 2 spills since last summer had left some 29,000 gallons of crude oil and toxin-laden water in a creek in Los Olivos.
    (SFC, 4/2/08, p.B6)
2008        Apr 1, Virginia’s Gov. Timothy Kaine ordered a moratorium on executions until the US Supreme Court decides whether lethal injections are constitutional.
    (SFC, 4/3/08, p.A6)
2008        Apr 1, A California state Senate committee declined to act on a bill by Senator Leland Yee to declare the Cow Palace in Daly City to be surplus property.
    (SFC, 4/2/08, p.A1)
2008        Apr 1, In southwestern Afghanistan a suicide bomber hit a police compound, killing two officers and wounding five others in Nimroz province. A mine struck a civilian vehicle in southwestern Nimroz province, killing the driver and wounding two civilians.
    (AP, 4/1/08)
2008        Apr 1, Argentina’s President Cristina Fernandez blasted striking farmers at a rally of 20,000 supporters, comparing their nearly three-week-old protest to a 1976 strike that sowed chaos one month before a military coup.
    (AP, 4/2/08)
2008        Apr 1, An Australian court charged a Vietnam Airlines pilot with smuggling millions of dollars in drug profits out of the country. Quoc Viet Lai (58,) faced 40 counts of money laundering after allegedly taking 3.7 million dollars (3.4 million US) out of Australia between June 2005 and June 2006.
    (AFP, 4/1/08)
2008        Apr 1, In Bangladesh an official said Tareque Rahman, the son of detained former Bangladesh premier Khaleda Zia, has been formally charged with corruption as part of the military-backed government's anti-graft drive.
    (AFP, 4/1/08)
2008        Apr 1, Bolivian officials said Tristan Jay Amero (26), a California man convicted of hotel bombings that killed two people in Bolivia's capital, had died in prison. He was serving a 30-year sentence.
    (AP, 4/1/08)
2008        Apr 1, In Botswana Seretse Ian Khama (b.1953), the half-white son of Botswana’s first president,  was sworn in as president. Festus Mogae retired after 10 years in office.
    (www.voanews.com/english/2008-04-01-voa55.cfm?rss=politics)
2008        Apr 1, In Brazil Juan Carlos Ramirez Abadia, a reputed Colombian drug lord whose cartel is accused of having shipped hundreds of tons of cocaine, was sentenced to more than 30 years in prison in Brazil for crimes committed in that country.
    (AP, 4/2/08)
2008        Apr 1, In Brazil protesters burned a bridge after police arrested Paulo Cesar Quartiero, president of Roraima rice growers association, for blocking a federal highway. Quartiero was later released on bail. A second bridge was set alight the next day. Police planned to begin clearing the remaining non-Indian settlers from the 4.2-million-acre Raposa Serra do Sol Indian reservation next week.
    (AP, 4/3/08)
2008        Apr 1, Britain’s border agency (UKBA) was formed following the dismemberment 2007 of the Home Office.
    (Econ, 11/12/11, p.64)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UK_Border_Agency)
2008        Apr 1, In France the stockmarket watchdog Autorite des Marches Financiers (AMF) filed a formal complaint against the European Aeronautic Defense and Space Company, the parent company of Airbus, and more than a dozen current and former executives. It confirmed evidence of massive insider trading in shares of EADS in late 2005 and early 2006 in the knowledge that the A380 airbus program was in deep trouble.
    (Econ, 6/21/08, p.80)(http://tinyurl.com/3kd8vh)
2008        Apr 1, Hungary’s coalition partner pulled out of the government leaving the Socialists without a parliamentary majority.
    (WSJ, 4/2/08, p.A1)
2008        Apr 1, India scrapped import duties on cooking oils and maize and extended a ban on pulse exports, escalating its fight against surging inflation driven by rises in global commodity prices.
    (AP, 4/1/08)
2008        Apr 1, Iraq’s PM Nouri al-Maliki said in a statement that his office will recruit 10,000 more police and army forces and will move to enhance public services Basra. His comments came after a peace deal between radical Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr and the Iraqi government brought a tense calm following a week of clashes. Interior Ministry spokesman, Maj. Gen. Abdul-Karim Khalaf, said that 200 people had been killed, 600 wounded and 170 suspects detained during operations in Basra. Britain froze plans to withdraw about 1,500 soldiers from its 4,000-strong military force this spring and hand over more security responsibility to the Iraqis.
    (AP, 4/1/08)(AP, 4/2/08)
2008        Apr 1, In Kenya police tear gassed about 100 protesters who demonstrated in Nairobi against plans to increase the number of Cabinet posts.
    (AP, 4/1/08)
2008        Apr 1, A woman's severed head was found on a Scottish beach. She was later identified as Jolanta Bledaite (35) from Alytus, Lithuania. On April 4 police arrested two Lithuanian men in connection with the murder.
    (AP, 4/4/08)
2008        Apr 1, Strong fighting broke out in northern Sri Lanka as government troops launched a fresh offensive against Tiger rebels. The heavy fighting left 42 rebels and a soldier dead.
    (AP, 4/1/08)(AP, 4/2/08)
2008        Apr 1, In Switzerland UBS AG's chairman abruptly resigned as the Swiss bank reported a first-quarter loss of $12.1 billion and said it would seek $15.1 billion in new capital.
    (AP, 4/1/08)
2008        Apr 1, Poor countries at a UN conference in Thailand said they won't sign a global warming pact unless industrialized nations guarantee them billions of dollars needed to adapt to the impact of climate change.
    (AP, 4/1/08)
2008        Apr 1, In Ukraine President Bush said he is putting his full weight behind the desire by Ukraine and Georgia to join NATO even though Russia is opposed and the alliance is split.
    (AP, 4/1/08)
2008        Apr 1, Tanks took to the streets of southern Yemen cities to discourage rioting by disaffected youths and retired military officers over unfulfilled government promises to enlist them in the army.
    (AP, 4/1/08)
2008        Apr 1, In Zimbabwe an independent African monitor said top members of President Robert Mugabe's party worried the government may have lost weekend elections, even as a tediously slow release of results fueled fears of rigging. A ruling party projection said opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai will beat President Robert Mugabe in Zimbabwe's crucial election, but be forced into a runoff vote in three weeks.
    (AP, 4/1/08)(Reuters, 4/1/08)

2008        Apr 2, Arkansas Gov. Mike Beebe singed legislation to repeal a botched marriage law, and reinstated 17 as the minimum age to marry for boys and 16 for girls.
    (AP, 4/3/08)
2008        Apr 2, In Arkansas 3 men were presumed drowned when scaffolding underneath an Arkansas River bridge collapsed. They were working on a project to install a water main beneath the bridge for the Central Arkansas Water utility.
    (AP, 4/3/08)
2008        Apr 2, Argentine farmers, rebelling over soaring export taxes on their crops, declared a 30-day truce suspending a three-week-long strike that has stripped grocery shelves of beef and produce, granting Cristina Fernandez a reprieve in the first major crisis of her presidency.
    (AP, 4/3/08)(WSJ, 4/3/08, p.A1)
2008        Apr 2, Australia began pumping carbon dioxide underground to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, using a technology that locks dangerous gases deep in the Earth.
    (AP, 4/2/08)
2008        Apr 2, Chad's main rebel group urged former colonial ruler France to stop backing President Idriss Deby Itno and cease flying over rebel positions in the central African nation's restive east.
    (AP, 4/2/08)
2008        Apr 2, Diplomats said that China has given the UN nuclear watchdog intelligence linked to Tehran's alleged attempts to make nuclear arms.
    (AP, 4/2/08)
2008        Apr 2, Cubans snapped up DVD players, motorbikes and pressure cookers for the first time as Raul Castro's new government loosened controls on consumer goods and invited private farmers to plant tobacco, coffee and other crops on unused state land.
    (AP, 4/2/08)
2008        Apr 2, Norberto Collado Abreu, the helmsman of the Granma yacht that carried Fidel Castro from Mexico to Cuba to launch his revolution in 1956, died in Havana.
    (AP, 4/2/08)
2008        Apr 2, Newspapers reported that Egypt has ordered the seizure of the March 25 special edition of the German news magazine Der Spiegel after it was deemed to be insulting to Islam and the Prophet Mohammed.
    (AFP, 4/2/08)
2008        Apr 2, France pledged to send up to 1,000 troops to Afghanistan in a move that will avert a Canadian threat to pull its contingent out of NATO's war in the violent south.
    (Reuters, 4/2/08)
2008        Apr 2, In northern Iraq, a suicide bomber attacked an Iraqi checkpoint west of Mosul, killing seven people, including a woman and a 5-year-old child. A US airstrike destroyed a house in the southern city of Basra, killing a militant, the US military said, and Iraqi witnesses and hospital officials said at least three civilians were among the dead. A roadside bomb targeting a US convoy exploded near a restaurant in Baghdad's main Shiite district of Sadr City, killing at least 3 Iraqi civilians and wounding 13. 4 US-allied fighters were killed and 4 others abducted at a fake checkpoint near Duluiyah.
    (AP, 4/2/08)(AP, 4/3/08)
2008        Apr 2, Irish PM Bertie Ahern, one of Europe's longest serving leaders, announced that he will resign next month amid growing pressure over alleged financial irregularities.
    (AP, 4/2/08)
2008        Apr 2, In Kazakhstan Zhaksybek Kulekeyev, a former government minister and head of the state railway company, was formally charged with taking a $100,000 bribe.
    (Econ, 4/12/08, p.49)
2008        Apr 2, Myanmar democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi's opposition party urged voters to reject a military-backed draft constitution, saying it was undemocratic and drafted under the junta's direct control.
    (AP, 4/2/08)
2008        Apr 2, In New Zealand new government population figures showed that the Asian population is growing faster than any other ethnic group and will outnumber indigenous Maori by 2026.
    (AP, 4/2/08)
2008        Apr 2, Russia's foreign minister said that Moscow will not allow newly independent Kosovo to become a member of the UN.
    (AP, 4/2/08)
2008        Apr 2, Pyotr Kuznetsov, leader of a Russian doomsday cult, apparently tried to kill himself after most of his followers abandoned a bunker where they had been awaiting the end of the world for five months. The last 9 of 35 cult members emerged on May 16.
    (Reuters, 4/4/08)(SFC, 5/17/08, p.A3)
2008        Apr 2, In Sri Lanka government troops captured a strip of land from Tamil Tigers. 2 civilians were shot dead by suspected Tamil Tiger rebels in the Wilpattu wildlife park.
    (AP, 4/2/08)
2008        Apr 2, Thailand's Health Ministry ordered hospitals and medical clinics to temporarily stop performing castrations for non-medical reasons, saying that the procedure performed on transsexuals needs stricter monitoring.
    (AP, 4/2/08)
2008        Apr 2, In Yemen security forces killed one demonstrator and wounded four others in the fourth day of rioting that has engulfed the country's south.
    (AP, 4/2/08)
2008        Apr 2, In Zimbabwe the main opposition party claimed outright victory for its leader Morgan Tsvangirai, saying he had won 50.3 percent of the vote compared to 43.8 percent for President Robert Mugabe.
    (AP, 4/2/08)

2008        Apr 3, President Bush won NATO's endorsement for his plan to build a missile defense system in Europe over Russian objections. The proposal also advanced with Czech officials announcing an agreement to install a missile tracking site for the system in their country. NATO decided not to put Georgia and Ukraine on track to join the alliance after vehement Russian opposition, but the alliance pledged that the strategically important Black Sea nations will become members one day.
    (AP, 4/3/08)
2008        Apr 3, The whistleblowers who exposed maintenance and inspection problems at Southwest Airlines told Congress their jobs were threatened and their reports of noncompliance were ignored for years by their superiors.
    (AP, 4/3/08)
2008        Apr 3, Corn prices jumped to a record $6 a bushel, driven up by an expected supply shortfall that will only add to Americans' growing grocery bill and further squeeze struggling ethanol producers.
    (AP, 4/3/08)
2008        Apr 3, ATA Airlines discontinued all flights and filed for bankruptcy.
    (AP, 4/3/08)
2008        Apr 3, It was reported that Nikolai Shaposhnikov and Lev Titarchuk had discovered a small black hole in the Milky Way with the aid of NASA's Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer satellite. They presented the findings earlier this week at an American Astronomical Society conference. It was discovered alongside a normal star in a binary system called XTE J1650-500, named for its coordinates in the constellation Ara. The system was discovered in 2001.
    (AP, 4/3/08)
2008        Apr 3, Wayne "Frosty Freeze" Frost (44), a hip-hop pioneer, died. His acrobatic performance with the legendary Rock Steady Crew in the 1983 movie "Flashdance" helped set off a worldwide breakdancing craze.
    (AP, 4/4/08)
2008        Apr 3, In eastern Kunar province, a truck supplying fuel to NATO troops hit a roadside bomb that killed the Afghan driver.
    (AP, 4/4/08)
2008        Apr 3, In Chile Yasna Provoste, Chile’s education minister, was impeached following the discovery of $560 million shortfall in the ministry for 2004-2006.
    (Econ, 5/17/08, p.48)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yasna_Provoste)
2008        Apr 3, Hu Jia, a Buddhist Chinese dissident outspoken on Tibet and other sensitive topics, was jailed for three-and-a-half years, a conviction likely to become a focus of rights campaigns ahead of the Beijing Olympics.
    (Reuters, 4/3/08)(WSJ, 4/4/08, p.A1)
2008        Apr 3, Ivan Korade (44), a retired Croatian army general suspected in a grisly quadruple murder, died during a shootout with police that also killed one officer. On April 1 Korade was charged with the March 27 killing of four people in his village of Velika Veternicka: a 16-year-old boy, his 62-year-old grandmother and two men, including a former Korade aide.
    (AP, 4/3/08)
2008        Apr 3, Ledra Street, a main shopping street in Cyprus' divided capital that had come to symbolize the island's ethnic partition, reopened for the first time in 44 years, boosting hopes for a renewed drive to reunify Cyprus. Authorities were forced to close it for nearly two hours following a dispute over how to police the street.
    (AP, 4/3/08)
2008        Apr 3, French protesters hurled bottles and stones at riot police who responded with tear gas during a march by high school students in Paris over teacher job cuts.
    (AP, 4/3/08)
2008        Apr 3, Iraqi troops killed 7 militants and detained 16 in three separate incidents in the Basra area. A coalition air strike there killed two militants. A parked car bomb targeting a police patrol in western Baghdad killed at least one civilian and wounded 10 other people, including three officers. A roadside bomb struck an Iraqi army patrol elsewhere in the predominantly Sunni Yarmouk neighborhood in the capital, killing one soldier and wounding three others. The office of Muqtada al-Sadr called for a "million-strong" turnout for an anti-American demonstration next week to mark the fifth anniversary of the capture of Baghdad by invading US troops. A US airman was killed by a roadside bomb in Baghdad.
    (AP, 4/3/08)(AP, 4/4/08)
2008        Apr 3, Alitalia edged closer to bankruptcy protection after Air France-KLM abruptly broke off talks to buy the struggling national airline and Alitalia's chairman of seven months resigned in frustration.
    (AP, 4/3/08)
2008        Apr 3, Japanese police arrested Olatunbosun Ugbogu (22), a Nigerian national serving in the US Navy, in the March 19 stabbing death of a taxi driver near an American naval base outside Tokyo. He was handed over to Japanese authorities just before the arrest under a bilateral security pact.
    (AP, 4/3/08)
2008        Apr 3, Kenya’s president and opposition leader agreed on a cabinet as part of their power-sharing deal to end violence.
    (WSJ, 4/4/08, p.A1)
2008        Apr 3, The UN tribunal in The Hague, Netherlands, ruled that there was not enough evidence to convict former Kosovo PM Ramush Haradinaj of murder, torture and rape of Serbs and non-Albanians during the Kosovo war.
    (AP, 4/4/08)
2008        Apr 3, In Sri Lanka battles along the northern front lines left 21 rebels and five soldiers dead.
    (AP, 4/4/08)
2008        Apr 3, In Suriname a twin-engine Antonov-AN28, operated by Surinamese carrier Blue Wing airlines, crashed on approach to an airstrip in the Benzdorp mining region, near the country's border with French Guiana. All 19 aboard were killed. Blue Wing, which has operated since 2002, was barred from landing at European airports in June 2006 after French aviation officials found safety deficiencies during an inspection of planes. The airline was removed from the blacklist in 2007 after a commission said the company had resolved the issues.
    (AP, 4/4/08)
2008        Apr 3, In Tibet Wang Xiangming, the deputy Communist Party secretary of Lhasa, said 800 had been arrested in local violence, while another 280 had surrendered to take advantage of a police offer of leniency. New violence broke out in a volatile Tibetan region of western China, leaving eight people dead. Chinese police opened fire during a "riot" in a Tibetan populated area of southwest China.
    (AP, 4/3/08)(AP, 4/4/08)(AFP, 4/4/08)
2008        Apr 3, A group of about 200 Uighur Muslims demonstrated against China before the Olympic torch ceremony near Istanbul's Blue Mosque, one of Turkey's most famous tourist destinations.
    (AP, 4/3/08)
2008        Apr 3, Zimbabwe's ruling party geared up for a final battle to keep Robert Mugabe in power, saying it was ready for a presidential election run-off with opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai.
    (AFP, 4/3/08)
2008        Apr 3, President Hugo Chavez ordered the nationalization of Venezuela's cement industry, saying his government cannot allow businesses to continue exporting raw materials needed to help tackle a domestic housing shortage.
    (AP, 4/4/08)

2008        Apr 4, The US labor Dept. reported that employers slashed 80,000 jobs in march, the most in five years, as the national unemployment rate climbed to 5.1 percent.
    (AP, 4/5/08)
2008        Apr 4, Child welfare officials scrambled to find foster homes for dozens of girls removed from a secretive West Texas religious retreat built by polygamist leader Warren Jeffs after a 16-year-old living there complained of physical abuse. By April 8 Texas had taken 416 children into protective custody. Some 140 women came along voluntarily. It was later reported that over half of the teenage girls from the Yearning for Zion Ranch had children or were pregnant. The number of 14-17 year old girls with children was later reduced as ages became confirmed. On May 22 a state appeals court ruled that authorities had no right to take children from the polygamist compound. In 2009 jurors convicted sect member Raymond Jessop (38) of sexually assaulting a girl, who became pregnant at age 16. By 2012 legal costs associated with the case approached $20 million.
    (AP, 4/5/08)(Econ, 4/12/08, p.36)(WSJ, 4/29/08, p.A1)(SFC, 5/17/08, p.A2)(SFC, 5/23/08, p.A2)(SFC, 11/6/09, p.A6)(SFC, 4/4/12, p.A6)
2008        Apr 4, In SF cyclist Tammy Thomas, Univ. of Oklahoma law student, was found guilty of lying to a federal grand jury about her use of banned drugs.
    (SFC, 4/5/08, p.A1)
2008        Apr 4, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed a Canadian soldier, while a suicide attack in the same region left three policemen and a civilian dead.
    (AP, 4/5/08)
2008        Apr 4, In Argentina a court sentenced the adoptive parents of a baby born to a missing political prisoner to up to eight years in prison for concealing the child's identity, in a landmark case with roots in Argentina's dictatorship.
    (AP, 4/4/08)
2008        Apr 4, In Brazil officials said floods triggered by two weeks of torrential downpours have killed at least 10 people and forced more than 30,000 people to flee their homes in the normally arid northeast.
    (AP, 4/5/08)
2008        Apr 4, In London a prosecutor told a court that Assad Sarwar (27), a man accused of plotting to down trans-Atlantic airliners, was also developing plans to cripple nuclear power stations, a European gas pipeline and Britain's electricity grid.
    (AP, 4/5/08)
2008        Apr 4, A Bulgarian official revealed that the country's communist-era border troops killed East Germans and others who tried to get to the West by sneaking across this Balkan country's borders during the Cold War. Documents detailed at least two cases in which citizens of then communist East Germany were killed, one in 1974 and one in 1988. Archives also showed that 22 Bulgarians were shot while trying to escape to Greece or Turkey between 1964 and 1967.
    (AP, 4/5/08)
2008        Apr 4, Chile's Constitutional Court halted a government program that provided the contraceptive known as the "morning-after" pill free to women and girls as young as 14.
    (AP, 4/4/08)
2008        Apr 4, In China the traditional Qingming Festival (Tomb Sweeping Day), was celebrated as an official holiday for the first time.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qingming_Festival)
2008        Apr 4, Interpol issued a "red notice" for the capture of Colombian rebel leader Rodrigo Granda, wanted in connection with the 2004 high-profile kidnapping and killing of Cecilia Cubas (31), the daughter of former Paraguay Pres. Raul Cubas.
    (AP, 4/5/08)
2008        Apr 4, US President George W. Bush arrived in Croatia after a NATO summit at which leaders invited the former Yugoslav republic to join the 26-nation western alliance.
    (AP, 4/4/08)
2008        Apr 4, At least three Haitians were killed and 25 others injured amid food riots and clashes with UN peacekeepers.
    (AP, 4/4/08)
2008        Apr 4, Indonesia's Supreme Court overturned the conviction of a notorious militia leader accused in attacks that left about 1,000 people dead following East Timor's 1999 independence vote. With Eurico Guterres' upcoming release, all 18 suspects originally indicted will have been acquitted or set free.
    (AP, 4/5/08)
2008        Apr 4, Iraq's prime minister ordered a nationwide freeze on raids against suspected Shiite militants after the leader of the biggest militia complained that arrests were continuing even after he ordered fighters off the streets. A suicide bomber killed at least 15 people and wounded 8 when he blew himself up during a policeman's funeral in Sadiyah. Military and police officials in Basra said a number of Iraqi soldiers and police were reported to have mutinied or refused to engage al-Sadr's militants during last week's fighting. A roadside bomb killed four policeman and wounded one in Hillah. In the Hayaniyah area of Basra a house was destroyed in an airstrike. Police said five people were killed, acknowledging they included an unspecified number of militants who had fired a mortar at Iraqi security forces.
    (AP, 4/4/08)(AP, 4/5/08)
2008        Apr 4, An executive for a prominent Tuscan wine producer said authorities confiscated some 600,000 bottles of his company's 2003 Brunello di Montalcino, alleging too many bottles were produced for it to be entirely authentic.
    (AP, 4/4/08)
2008        Apr 4, In Mexico two soldiers deserted and were later killed during a gunbattle with police in the state of Nuevo Leon. 3 state police officers and a civilian also died in the violence. The Mexican army said soldiers looking for drug traffickers found $6 million in cash inside a truck near the US border and arrested five men at the scene. The daily El Universal reported that five soldiers had been arrested for passing information to the Sinaloa alliance of Pacific Coast smugglers.
    (AP, 4/5/08)(Reuters, 4/4/08)
2008        Apr 4, In the West Bank 12 members of the members of the Al Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades fled the Palestinian-run Jneid Prison in Nablus, complaining that guards had pummeled them with clubs following a fight among the detainees.
    (AP, 4/5/08)
2008        Apr 4, In Panama Cecilio Padron (66), a Cuban-American businessman tied to an influential anti-Castro organization, was kidnapped. He was released on Feb 23, 2009 following a $3 million ransom. Three national police officers and two civilians were later detained in connection with the kidnapping. The police were accused of handing Padron over to his kidnappers in exchange for $500 each.
    (AP, 3/4/09)
2008        Apr 4, President Gloria Arroyo announced major investments to overhaul the Philippine agriculture sector, as the country grapples with soaring rice prices that have raised fears of social unrest.
    (AFP, 4/4/08)
2008        Apr 4, Russian President Vladimir Putin strongly criticized NATO's eastward expansion plans but ruled out chances of a new Cold War, insisting that Moscow wants to be friends with the Western military alliance.
    (AP, 4/4/08)
2008        Apr 4, In Russia an explosion, apparently caused by an accident with gas-powered welding equipment in an apartment, ripped through a Moscow apartment tower, blowing out exterior walls, sparking a fire and killing at least three people.
    (AP, 4/4/08)
2008        Apr 4, Pirate attackers off Somalia’s coast stormed the 288-foot Le Ponant as it returned without passengers from the Seychelles, in the Indian Ocean. French officials hoped to avoid using force to free the 30 crew members.
    (AP, 4/5/08)
2008        Apr 4, Lee Kun-Hee (66), the head of South Korea's biggest business group, Samsung, appeared for questioning as part of a high-profile probe into an alleged multi-million dollar bribery slush fund.
    (AFP, 4/4/08)
2008        Apr 4, A South Korean official said quarantine workers have destroyed more than 100,000 chickens following the first outbreak of a deadly strain of bird flu in the country in more than a year.
    (AP, 4/4/08)
2008        Apr 4, Sri Lanka's air force bombed and destroyed a Tamil separatist training camp in the island's north.
    (AP, 4/4/08)
2008        Apr 4, In Thailand climate negotiators ended 5 days of talks. More than 160 nations agreed to consider how to reduce rapidly growing emissions from air and sea travel as they worked toward drafting an ambitious new treaty on global warming.
    (AFP, 4/4/08)(WSJ, 4/5/08, p.A1)
2008        Apr 4, In Zimbabwe the ruling ZANU-PF party decided President Robert Mugabe should contest a runoff vote against opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai if neither wins a majority in a presidential election. Hundreds of guerrilla war veterans who support President Robert Mugabe marched through the capital, raising fears he might turn to violence to prolong his rule. Authorities introduced a new 50 million bank note, state media reported. The new Zimbabwe dollar note is worth $1 in black market trading and can buy just three loaves of bread.
    (Reuters, 4/4/08)(AP, 4/4/08)

2008        Apr 5, Skybus Airlines, a low-cost carrier based in Columbus, Ohio, shut down and filed for bankruptcy protection, becoming the latest of the nation's airlines to fall because of rising fuel costs and a slowing economy.
    (AP, 4/5/08)(SFC, 4/8/08, p.D3)
2008        Apr 5, Charlton Heston (84), film star, died. he won the 1959 best actor Oscar as the chariot-racing "Ben-Hur" and portrayed Moses, Michelangelo, El Cid and other heroic figures in movie epics of the '50s and '60s.
    (AP, 4/6/08)
2008        Apr 5, Afghan and NATO forces killed 15 Taliban insurgents in separate raids in southern Afghanistan, where police also captured Abdul Jabar, a senior Taliban commander.
    (AFP, 4/6/08)
2008        Apr 5, British PM Gordon Brown called the current global economic crisis the largest challenge of its kind in centuries while addressing some of the world's key decision makers at a summit on climate change, the economy and global poverty.
    (AP, 4/5/08)
2008        Apr 5, London Heathrow airport's new Terminal 5 was hit by fresh flights disruption when the baggage system suffered a major software problem.
    (AP, 4/5/08)
2008        Apr 5, In Croatia President Bush celebrated NATO's expansion into former communist territory and urged further enlargement, highlighting differences with Moscow hours before final talks with outgoing Russian President Vladimir Putin.
    (AP, 4/5/08)
2008        Apr 5, Iran said it would not make any concession in exchange for incentives offered by the West to halt sensitive atomic activities.
    (AP, 4/5/08)
2008        Apr 5, Youssef Adel, an Assyrian Orthodox priest, was killed in a drive-by shooting in Baghdad. Elsewhere in Baghdad, a bomb exploded on a minibus carrying morning commuters on the busy Palestine Street, killing at least four passengers and wounding 15.
    (AP, 4/5/08)
2008        Apr 5, In Japan G8 development officials began a two-day ministerial meeting in Tokyo on how to ease suffering in Africa and other impoverished states as well as bolster their efforts in foreign development aid.
    (AFP, 4/5/08)
2008        Apr 5, In Kashmir police fired tear gas to break up a protest by stone-throwing demonstrators against alleged prison abuses as a strike paralyzed life in revolt-hit Srinagar.
    (AFP, 4/5/08)
2008        Apr 5, Electoral officials said Zimbabwe's ruling ZANU-PF took 30 seats in elections for the country's senate, or upper house of parliament, with the combined opposition taking the same number. The president and tribal chiefs are to appoint the remaining 93 seats. Opposition chief Morgan Tsvangirai claimed outright victory in presidential elections and warned Robert Mugabe's ruling party would resort to violence to cling to power. 3 cattle ranchers were driven off their land, and equipment and livestock were seized.
    (Reuters, 4/5/08)(AFP, 4/5/08)(AP, 4/6/08)

2008        Apr 6, American evangelist John Hagee announced donations of $6 million to Israeli causes and said that Israel must remain in control of all of Jerusalem.
    (AP, 4/6/08)
2008        Apr 6, In Texas Erick Daniel Davila (21) opened fire at a child’s birthday party killing Annette Stevenson (48), her granddaughter (5) died the next day.
    (SFC, 4/9/08, p.A4)
2008        Apr 6, US and Afghan forces attacked a remote village in a mountainous region of northeastern Afghanistan following reports that an infamous insurgent leader was in the area. At least 16 people were killed.
    (AP, 4/7/08)
2008        Apr 6, Thousands of anti-China protesters draped in Tibetan flags disrupted the Olympic torch relay through London, billed as a journey of harmony and peace.
    (AP, 4/6/08)
2008        Apr 6, In Merritt, British Columbia, a girl and two boys aged 10, 8 and 5, were found dead by their mother in her trailer home. Allan Schoenborn (40), their father, was arrested April 16 in connection with the murders after local residents discovered him hiding in rugged bush.
    (Reuters, 4/16/08)
2008        Apr 6, In Egypt thousands of demonstrators angry about rising prices and stagnant salaries torched buildings, looted shops and hurled bricks at police who responded with tear gas in a northern industrial town as part of a nationwide strike. Three people were killed and more than 150 injured over two days of unrest in Mahalla, the culmination of more than a year of strikes by workers at a giant state-run textile factory.
    (AP, 4/7/08)(AP, 4/4/09)
2008        Apr 6, Iraqi troops backed by US forces battled Shiite fighters in Baghdad's Sadr City in clashes that killed 20 people and wounded more than 50 despite a cease-fire between the government and the militia. 3 US service members were killed and dozens wounded in rocket attacks on the fortified Green Zone. 2 more US soldiers died in roadside bombings.
    (AP, 4/6/08)(AP, 4/7/08)(SFC, 4/7/08, p.A17)
2008        Apr 6, In Japan the Group of Eight (G8) rich nations vowed to step up cooperation with emerging donors such as China and India and said they remained committed to a goal to double their own aid to Africa by 2010.
    (AP, 4/6/08)
2008        Apr 6, In southern Mexico a truck carrying Central American migrants in a hidden compartment plunged into a reservoir, killing at least eight people. Most of the migrants were believed to be from Guatemala.
    (AP, 4/7/08)
2008        Apr 6, Montenegrins voted in the tiny Balkan state's first presidential election since it split from Serbia two years ago. President Filip Vujanovic won re-election by a landslide, cementing Montenegro's westward economic and political course since breaking away from Serbia two years ago.
    (AP, 4/6/08)(AP, 4/7/08)
2008        Apr 6, In Nigeria unidentified gunmen i kidnapped an 11-year-old boy in Port Harcourt, wounding his mother and killing the family's police guard and their driver.
    (AFP, 4/7/08)
2008        Apr 6, A Palestinian boy (8) was killed by shrapnel in an explosion in the central Gaza Strip. The source of the shrapnel was not identified.
    (SFC, 4/7/08, p.A3)
2008        Apr 6, In Russia President George W. Bush and Russia's Vladimir Putin ended their last face-to-face meeting as heads of state with warm words for each other but no solution to their row over missile defense.
    (Reuters, 4/6/08)
2008        Apr 6, In Somalia 4 people were killed in Mogadishu in separate attacks overnight, as violence raged in the shattered east African nation.
    (AFP, 4/6/08)
2008        Apr 6, Angry Sudanese border guards killed one civilian and wounded three others in a market after opening fire indiscriminately in Darfur's political capital.
    (AFP, 4/7/08)
2008        Apr 6, A suspected Tamil Tiger suicide bomber assassinated Jeyaraj Fernandopulle (55), Sri Lanka's highways minister, as he opened a marathon in an attack that also killed 13 others and wounded 100.
    (AFP, 4/6/08)
2008        Apr 6, In Yemen a housing complex used by foreigners in the capital came under attack, with explosions shattering windows and prompting residents to evacuate with suitcases and boxes.
    (AP, 4/6/08)
2008        Apr 6, Zimbabwe’s state Sunday Mail newspaper reported that President Robert Mugabe's ruling party demanded a vote recount and a further delay in the release of presidential election results, prompting outrage from the opposition party. Several foreigners, including New York Times correspondent Barry Bearak, remained in custody after being charged with "illegally observing an election without official accreditation."
    (AP, 4/6/08)

2008        Apr 7, The Washington Post won 6 Pulitzer Prizes, the most in its history. Junot Diaz won the fiction award for “The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao." Tracy Letts won the drama award for “August: Osage County." Bob Dylan won a special citation for his life’s work.
    (SFC, 4/8/08, p.A8)
2008        Apr 7, In North Carolina Thomas Wright, a former state lawmaker, was convicted of mishandling charitable contributions and fraudulently obtaining a loan. He was sentenced to 6-8 years in prison.
    (WSJ, 4/8/08, p.A2)
2008        Apr 7, In Ohio 9 mortgage lenders agreed to modify adjustable-rate mortgages for borrowers facing foreclosure. In Pennsylvania mortgage companies and consumer advocates opened talks to help cash-strapped homeowners avoid foreclosure. Last week Maryland’s Gov. signed a measure creating a 150-day moratorium on foreclosures.
    (WSJ, 4/8/08, p.A4)
2008        Apr 7, Samuel (b.1913) Frankel, Detroit area developer and philanthropist, died. In the 1960s Frankel collaborated with Harry Cunningham to create the discount-store concept, building the first Kmart store. In 1969, he developed Somerset Mall. In 2005 he and his wife Jean provided a $20 million endowment to establish the Frankel Institute for Advanced Judaic Studies at the University of Michigan.
    (www.lsa.umich.edu/judaic/html/history_goals_3_2.htm)(http://tinyurl.com/5srvs6)
2008        Apr 7, In southern Afghanistan, militants attacked a police convoy in Uruzgan province, and the ensuing clash left 13 insurgents dead and five wounded. In the western province of Herat, Taliban militants attacked a checkpoint in Shindand district, killing two police officers and wounding another.
    (AP, 4/8/08)
2008        Apr 7, In Australia 5 teenage boys armed with machetes and baseball bats invaded a Sydney high school, smashing classrooms and injuring 18 students and a teacher.
    (AFP, 4/7/08)
2008        Apr 7, In London a coroner's jury decided that Diana and Dodi Fayed were unlawfully killed due to reckless speed and drinking by their driver, and by the reckless pursuit of vehicles chasing them, not as part of a murder conspiracy.
    (AP, 4/8/08)
2008        Apr 7, In London Oleg Gordievsky, a double agent who became the most senior Soviet spy to defect to the West during the Cold War, said that he became sick after taking the pills at his home in southern England on Oct. 31.
    (AP, 4/7/08)
2008        Apr 7, In Bulgaria gunmen killed Georgy Stoyev, the country’s best-known author of books on the mafia. The night before, Borislav Georgiev, the chief executive of a large energy company, was killed in his apartment building with two bullets to the head.
    (http://afp.google.com/article/ALeqM5iOiGGOjL2rCkZuEhCa9kkLtaA5LA)
2008        Apr 7, China’s official Xinhua News Agency said Zhang Rongkun, a Shanghai tycoon, has been sentenced to 19 years in prison in a pension funds scandal that toppled the city's communist party chief.
    (AP, 4/7/08)
2008        Apr 7, China and New Zealand signed a free-trade agreement effective October 1.
    (www.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2008-04/07/content_6596491.htm)(WSJ, 4/8/08, p.A14)
2008        Apr 7, A Chinese fishing boat capsized after colliding with a South Korean cargo ship off South Korea's southernmost island, leaving six Chinese sailors missing.
    (AP, 4/7/08)
2008        Apr 7, The Muslim Brotherhood, Egypt's largest opposition force, called on Egyptians to boycott local council elections due on Tuesday in protest at the disqualification of most of its candidates.
    (Reuters, 4/7/08)
2008        Apr 7, The EU opened the way for air travelers to use mobile phones to talk, text or send e-mails on planes throughout Europe's airspace.
    (AP, 4/7/08)
2008        Apr 7, Security officials extinguished the Olympic torch three times as protests against China's human rights record turned a relay through Paris into a chaotic series of stops and starts. France's former sports minister, Jean-Francois Lamour, said that though the torch had been put out, the Olympic flame itself still burned in the lantern where it is kept overnight and on airplane flights.
    (AP, 4/7/08)
2008        Apr 7, In Haiti protesters angered by high food prices flooded the streets of Port-au-Prince, forcing businesses and schools to close as unrest spread from the countryside. Witnesses said at least one person was killed by hotel security guards during a protest in the southern city of Les Cayes.
    (AP, 4/8/08)
2008        Apr 7, Iraq’s prime minister issued his strongest warning yet to radical Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr to disband his Mahdi Army militia or face political isolation. The Sadrists said a move to ban them from elections would be unconstitutional. Hospital officials said nine more people were killed, including five children and two women, and dozens wounded as gunbattles continued. That pushed the two-day death toll to at least 25.
    (AP, 4/7/08)
2008        Apr 7, Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert and Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas resumed face-to-face negotiations, trying to push forward peace efforts after nearly two months marred by heavy Gaza Strip violence and new Israeli plans to expand settlements.
    (AP, 4/7/08)
2008        Apr 7, Italian police arrested 38 suspects in a sweep against a clan of the 'ndrangheta organized crime syndicate accused of murder, extortion and arms and drug trafficking.
    (AP, 4/7/08)
2008        Apr 7, Kosovo’s leaders signed the country’s new Constitution.
    (SFC, 4/8/08, p.A3)
2008        Apr 7, In Morocco 9 Islamists serving long sentences for the deadly 2003 Casablanca bombings escaped from Kenitra prison, north of Rabat. In January, 2009, Hicham Alami one of the escapees who had been sentenced to life, was captured in Algeria and returned to Morocco.
    (AFP, 4/7/08)(AP, 1/9/09)
2008        Apr 7, Nepal was rocked by two bombings, the latest violence to hit campaigning for this week's vote on the country's political future following a peace deal with Maoist rebels.
    (AFP, 4/7/08)
2008        Apr 7, Spanish officials said 2 people in Spain have died of the human variant of mad cow disease, in the first such fatalities since 2005. The two new victims apparently contracted the disease prior to 2001 and health controls on livestock and meat production are much tighter now than they were then. Spain has reported more than 700 cases of mad cow disease since it was first detected in this country in 2000.
    (AP, 4/7/08)
2008        Apr 7, Switzerland's Novartis AG said it will spend about $39 billion in a two-step bid for a majority stake in U.S. eye-care company Alcon.
    (AP, 4/7/08)
2008        Apr 7, It was reported that Thailand’s market bubble in religious talismans had popped leaving many small business people in debt. The market in Jatukam Ramathep amulets had swelled to $1.5 billion in 2007.
    (WSJ, 4/7/08, p.A1)
2008        Apr 7, In Yemen 7 people were arrested on suspicion of involvement in attacks the previous day against a residential complex for Westerners in San’a, Yemen's capital.
    (AP, 4/8/08)
2008        Apr 7, Zimbabwe authorities released Barry Bearak, a NY Times journalist, along with an unidentified British citizen. They had been accused of reporting without official accreditation.
    (WSJ, 4/8/08, p.A10)

2008        Apr 8, Congressional auditors reported that federal employees charged millions of dollars for Internet dating, tailor-made suits, lingerie, lavish dinners and other questionable expenses to their government credit cards over a 15-month period.
    (AP, 4/8/08)
2008        Apr 8, US Citizenship and Immigration Service closed the window for H1B visa applications one week after opening it, as the yearly cap of 65,000 for skilled workers and 20,000 for master’s and doctoral graduates was reached.
    (WSJ, 4/8/08, p.A12)
2008        Apr 8, Steven Karvellas (48), former board member of the New York Mercantile Exchange, pleaded guilty to 2 felony counts of illegal natural-gas trading.
    (WSJ, 4/9/08, p.C1)
2008        Apr 8, Washington Mutual Inc , the largest US savings and loan, said it obtained a $7 billion capital injection from private equity firm TPG Inc and other investors, but that mortgage problems will lead to a $1.1 billion quarterly loss and the elimination of 3,000 jobs.
    (AP, 4/8/08)
2008        Apr 8, ConocoPhillips and BP said they will begin work immediately on a gas pipeline in Alaska, with completion in about 10 years and costs estimated at over $30 billion.
    (WSJ, 4/9/08, p.B1)
2008        Apr 8, IBM began shipping high-end computers built around the Power6 processor, the fastest chip to date.
    (SFC, 4/9/08, p.C1)
2008        Apr 8, Intel executives said their venture capital arm has completed its first round of investment in China and plans to invest an additional $500 million during the next several years.
    (WSJ, 4/9/08, p.B4)
2008        Apr 8, In southern Afghanistan militants killed 17 road workers, part of a spike in violence that has left 40 people dead in two days. 16 other construction workers were wounded in the attack in Zabul's Shinkay district. A Polish soldier died and one was wounded when a NATO patrol hit a roadside bomb in Ghazni province. Taliban militants ambushed a police patrol. An ensuing battle left four militants and a police officer dead in Zabul province.
    (AP, 4/8/08)(AP, 4/9/08)
2008        Apr 8, An Australian man was sentenced to nearly three years in jail for shining a laser pointer at a police helicopter and temporarily blinding the pilot.
    (AP, 4/8/08)
2008        Apr 8, English Channel tunnel operator Groupe Eurotunnel SA reported profits of $1.57 million for 2007, its first annual net profit, less than a year after the company nearly drowned in debt.
    (AP, 4/8/08)
2008        Apr 8, Chilean police said Marko Kulju (26), a Finnish tourist who chipped an earlobe off an ancient Moai on Easter Island, is being allowed to go home after paying a US$17,000 (euro10,830) fine and agreeing not to return for three years.
    (AP, 4/9/08)
2008        Apr 8, China denounced protesters who upstaged Olympic Games torch relays in London and Paris and asked the United States to ensure the next leg in San Francisco avoids similar mayhem. Olympic chiefs raised the prospect for the first time of abandoning the international legs of the Beijing Games torch relay, amid a wave of protests targeting the flame overseas.
    (AP, 4/8/08)
2008        Apr 8, A Colombian court sentenced nine rebel leaders to 40 years in prison for killing a state governor, a former defense minister and eight others during a botched hostage-rescue operation in 2003. Six Colombian soldiers were killed after they walked into a mine field while pursuing a column of leftist guerrillas.
    (AP, 4/8/08)(AP, 4/9/08)
2008        Apr 8, Dubai’s crown prince Sheikh Hamdan bin Mohammed bin Rashid al-Maktoum bought 16 camels for $4.5 million, including one female camel for $2.7 million.
    (SFC, 4/9/08, p.A4)
2008        Apr 8, Egypt rushed to grant bonuses to workers amid riots over food costs. Turnout for local elections was later reckoned at under 5% under a boycott by the Muslim Brotherhood.
    (WSJ, 4/9/08, p.A1)(Econ, 9/13/08, p.32)
2008        Apr 8, In Guatemala gunmen killed Victor Rivera, a former top government security adviser, a week after he was fired by President Alvaro Colom amid complaints he had become too powerful.
    (AP, 4/8/08)
2008        Apr 8, In Haiti hungry protesters stormed the presidential palace throwing rocks and demanding the resignation of Pres. Rene Preval over soaring food prices.
    (SFC, 4/9/08, p.A4)
2008        Apr 9, India ended its first-ever summit with African nations, aimed at deepening ties with the resource-rich continent and trying to ensure it is not eclipsed by Asian rival China.
    (AP, 4/9/08)
2008        Apr 8, Indonesian Internet companies blocked access to YouTube and MySpace, heeding a government order aimed at stopping people from watching an anti-Islam film by a Dutch lawmaker.
    (AP, 4/8/08)
2008        Apr 8, Iran's Foreign Ministry condemned for the first time rocket and mortar attacks against the US-controlled Green Zone in Baghdad by supporters of anti-American Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr. A US soldier died from wounds sustained when his vehicle was destroyed in a roadside bombing the previous evening.
    (AP, 4/8/08)
2008        Apr 8, Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr threatened to lift a seven-month freeze on his Mahdi Army militia if the Iraqi government does not halt attacks on his followers or set a timetable for a US withdrawal. military spokesman Brig. Gen. Qassim al-Moussawi said a total of 82 militants, 36 civilians and 37 soldiers had been killed since March 16 in fighting in Baghdad, mostly in Sadr City.
    (AP, 4/8/08)(AP, 4/9/08)
2008        Apr 8, Kenya’s opposition party suspended talks with the government and hundreds of backers set fires to protest delays in reaching a power-sharing agreement.
    (SFC, 4/9/08, p.A7)
2008        Apr 8, Libyan authorities released 90 members of the Libyan Islamic Fighting Group,  a group with suspected links to al-Qaida, after they renounced violence.
    (AP, 4/9/08)
2008        Apr 8, In Mexico Pres. Calderon said he would ease some bureaucratic barriers, and allow Pemex to pay outside contractors a "bonus," not a percentage cut, for oil found in deep-water reserves.
    (AP, 4/9/08)
2008        Apr 8, In Nepal police shot dead seven Maoists, and a man protesting the killing of an election candidate was also shot dead by police. An election candidate was assassinated in the west of the country.
    (AFP, 4/9/08)
2008        Apr 8, Nigeria's government filed graft charges against the daughter of ex-president Olusegun Obasanjo and two ministers sacked last month.
    (AP, 4/8/08)
2008        Apr 8, In Pakistan a gas leak sparked an explosion and fire at a nuclear plant that is believed to produce enriched plutonium for the country’s atomic weapons program. Two workers were killed.
    (AP, 4/8/08)
2008        Apr 8, In Palestine’s Hamas threatened to burst across the Israeli border to end Israel's blockade of Gaza if Egypt and Israel do not lift their blockade.
    (AP, 4/9/08)(WSJ, 4/9/08, p.A1)
2008        Apr 8, A Peruvian court convicted a former general and three members of a military death squad of kidnapping and murder in a ruling that prosecutors say could set a precedent in the trial of former President Alberto Fujimori. Judges found them guilty of participating in the 1992 kidnapping and murder of nine students and a professor from La Cantuta University who were suspected of being rebel collaborators.
    (AP, 4/9/08)
2008        Apr 8, A Philippine court sentenced 9 military officers to jail terms ranging from 12 to 40 years for taking part in a foiled coup plot against President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo in 2003.
    (AP, 4/8/08)
2008        Apr 8, A Russian capsule carrying South Korea's first astronaut and two cosmonauts blasted off from the Baikonur cosmodrome in Kazakhstan, en route to the international space station.
    (AP, 4/8/08)
2008        Apr 8, The riot-damaged market in the Tibetan capital of Lhasa opened its doors amid plans to allow foreign tourists to enter the restive region by the end of the month.
    (AP, 4/8/08)
2008        Apr 8, The UN refugee agency unveiled a new partnership with Internet giant Google to help track refugees from Iraq to Darfur and raise public awareness of its work.
    (AP, 4/8/08)
2008        Apr 8, In Vietnam a small military plane crashed near Hanoi, killing all five aboard.
    (AP, 4/8/08)
2008        Apr 8, Opposition officials accused Zimbabwe's ruling party of orchestrating a campaign of violence in remote rural areas in an effort to intimidate opponents of President Robert Mugabe ahead of a likely runoff election. A farmers' union said more than 60 mostly white Zimbabwean farmers have been evicted from their land by war veterans loyal to President Robert Mugabe since the weekend.
    (AP, 4/8/08)(Reuters, 4/8/08)

2008        Apr 9, In Washington US commander Gen. David Petraeus called for an open-ended suspension of US troop withdrawals this summer because of concern over the renewed fighting.
    (AP, 4/9/08)
2008        Apr 9, The California Supreme Court rejected San Francisco’s appeal of a lower court ruling that limited its ability regulate handguns as approved by voters in 2005.
    (SFC, 4/10/08, p.B1)
2008        Apr 9, In SF officials rerouted the rout of the Beijing Olympic torch at the last minute avoiding most protestors and spectators.
    (SFC, 4/10/08, p.A1)
2008        Apr 9, In Afghanistan international forces' warplanes dropped bombs on a group of Taliban militants traveling by motorcycle overnight, killing 3 insurgents in Zabul province.
    (AFP, 4/9/08)
2008        Apr 9, State media said China will ban smoking on school campuses as part of an effort to cut down on tobacco use before the Olympics.
    (AP, 4/9/08)
2008        Apr 9, In Haiti a desperate appeal from Pres. Preval failed to restore order to Port-au-Prince, and bands of looters sacked stores, warehouses and government offices.
    (AP, 4/9/08)
2008        Apr 9, Oasis Hong Kong Airlines cancelled all flights and went into liquidation as a result of high fuel costs.
    (SFC, 4/10/08, p.C4)
2008        Apr 9, Iraq’s PM Nouri al-Maliki told Pres. Bush during a 20-minute telephone conversation that Iraqi security forces are capable of carrying out their duties and US troops should be pulled out as the situation permits. 23 people, including 3 children, died in Baghdad's Sadr City as clashes between security forces and Shiite militiamen continued on the fifth anniversary of the fall of Baghdad. 2 US soldiers died from non-combat related injuries. 3 US soldiers died in a roadside bombings in Baghdad.
    (AP, 4/9/08)(AP, 4/10/08)(SFC, 4/10/08, p.A3)
2008        Apr 9, Japanese lawmakers approved Masaaki Shirakawa as the new central bank chief, ending a power vacuum that had left the nation's top economic job vacant for weeks with global markets in disarray.
    (AP, 4/9/08)
2008        Apr 9, Nepal was hit by fresh violence, the eve of a landmark vote to decide the impoverished country's political destiny and scrap the monarchy.
    (AFP, 4/9/08)
2008        Apr 9, In Pakistan a street fight between pro- and anti-government attorneys broke out in Karachi leaving 7 people dead.
    (SFC, 4/10/08, p.A9)
2008        Apr 9, Palestinian militants crossed into southern Israel and killed two Israeli civilians in a surprise attack before fleeing back to the Gaza Strip. At least one of the militants who attacked the Israeli terminal delivering fuel to the Gaza Strip was killed. Israel sent tanks, troops and aircraft into the Palestinian territory after the raid, killing at least 8 Palestinians, including 3 civilians, and warned that more reprisals could be coming.
    (AP, 4/9/08)(AP, 4/10/08)
2008        Apr 9, In Peru 5 French tourists visiting the Nazca lines were killed when their small plane crashed after becoming tangled in power lines.
    (AP, 4/9/08)
2008        Apr 9, Singapore's Media Development Authority, which regulates and censors media and the arts, said it fined StarHub S$10,000 (3,675 pounds) for airing a commercial for a song that featured "romanticized scenes" of lesbians kissing and portrayed the relationship as "acceptable."
    (AP, 4/9/08)
2008        Apr 9, The conservative party of South Korea's new president won an overall majority in parliamentary elections, according to TV exit polls, giving him the power to push through sweeping economic reforms. The GNP won 153 seats in the 299-member legislature.
    (AP, 4/9/08)(Econ, 4/12/08, p.50)
2008        Apr 9, Spanish astronomers announced the discovery of "GJ 436T," the smallest planet discovered to date outside the solar system, located 30 light years from earth.
    (AFP, 4/9/08)
2008        Apr 9, In Sudan gunmen attacked police from the African Union and UN peacekeeping force (UNAMID) in Darfur for the first time, pistol whipping one officer in the back of the neck. UNAMID police do not carry weapons and this particular patrol was on duty without protection.
    (AFP, 4/10/08)
2008        Apr 9, Thai police dropped charges against Viktor Bout (41), a Russian man accused of being one of the world's most prolific black market arms dealers, saying they will proceed with hearings to extradite him to the United States.
    (AP, 4/9/08)
2008        Apr 9, President Hugo Chavez's government said it will nationalize Sidor, Venezuela's largest steel maker, bringing one more key industry under state control in its drive toward a socialist economy.
    (AP, 4/9/08)
2008        Apr 9, President Hugo Chavez's government said it will nationalize Sidor, Venezuela's largest steel maker and a unit of Ternium SA, bringing one more key industry under state control in its drive toward a socialist economy. Ternium, based in Luxembourg, was controlled by Argentine owners.
    (AP, 4/9/08)(SFC, 4/10/08, p.A9)
2008        Apr 9, International calls for Zimbabwe's Robert Mugabe to release long-delayed results from a presidential vote mounted as ruling party militants continued to overrun white-owned farms and the opposition accused the government of waging a campaign of violence.
    (AP, 4/9/08)

2008        Apr 10, Most families in the April 16, 2007, Virginia Tech mass shootings agreed to an $11 million state settlement.
    (WSJ, 4/11/08, p.A2)
2008        Apr 10, In Oakland, Ca. Larae Brown, the former city controller, filed suit claiming she was fired last year after informing her superiors and elected officials of potentially disastrous flaws in the city’s bookkeeping.
    (SFC, 4/11/08, p.B1)
2008        Apr 10, In Virginia a jury convicted Rev. James Bevel (71), a noted civil rights figure, of incest after concluding he had sex with his teenage daughter 15 years ago. His had daughter testified that Bevel had begun molesting her at age 6.
    (SFC, 4/11/08, p.A4)
2008        Apr 10, The Pacific Fishery Management Council voted to cancel the chinook salmon fishing season in an effort to reverse the disappearance of the fish.
    (SFC, 4/11/08, p.A1)
2008        Apr 10, American Airlines cancelled 933 flights to inspect and repair wiring bundles in its MDF-80 aircraft.
    (SFC, 4/11/08, p.A1)
2008        Apr 10, Powerful storms brought hail, heavy rain and possible tornadoes to Arkansas, Texas, and Oklahoma, causing flooding and power outages for thousands of customers and at least one death.
    (AP, 4/10/08)
2008        Apr 10, American Airlines canceled more than 900 flights to fix faulty wiring in hundreds of jets, marking the third straight day of mass groundings as company executives offered profuse apologies and travel vouchers to calm angry customers.
    (AP, 4/10/08)
2008        Apr 10, In San Francisco Luis Solari (38) was shot and killed in an apparent incident of road rage. His 2 young sons survived as his car spun out of control before stopping on I-280.
    (SFC, 4/11/08, p.A1)
2008        Apr 10, In Kandahar city, Afghanistan, a suicide car bomber targeting a US-led coalition convoy killed 8 civilians and wounded 25 other people, including three coalition soldiers.
    (AP, 4/10/08)
2008        Apr 10, Australia’s PM Kevin Rudd met China's premier for talks expected to touch on what Rudd has called significant human rights problems in Tibet. Rudd said Chinese paramilitary police will not be allowed to run alongside the Olympic torch in Australia, after their heavy-handed tactics drew criticism in earlier legs of the relay.
    (AP, 4/10/08)
2008        Apr 10, The Bank of England cut its key interest rate .25% to five%, balancing the risks of rising near-term inflation and economic slowdown spread by the credit crisis.
    (AP, 4/10/08)
2008        Apr 10, The West's last remaining feudal system came to an end after the Privy Council endorsed a vote by locals on the tiny Channel Island of Sark to change the way they are governed.
    (Reuters, 4/10/08)
2008        Apr 10, In China a police spokesman said authorities have detained 45 East Turkestan "terrorist" suspects (Uighurs), and foiled plots to carry out suicide bomb attacks and kidnap athletes to disrupt the Beijing Olympics.
    (Reuters, 4/10/08)
2008        Apr 10, Berlin police found a body that is probably that of Anna Mikhalchuk (52), a missing Russian artist, who had been condemned by the Orthodox Church for an exhibit in her homeland. The death was an apparent suicide.
    (AP, 4/11/08)
2008        Apr 10, Iran reported that the SenIran Auto plant in Thies, Senegal's second largest city, has built its first Iran-Khodro Samand sedan. Iran Khodro is the largest carmaker in the Middle East, Central Asia and North Africa regions with annual production of more than one million various vehicles including cars, trucks and buses.
    (Econ, 2/6/10, p.49)
2008        Apr 10, A US airstrike targeted a building in Baghdad's Sadr City, hours after American soldiers clashed with Shiite militants in fighting that left 15 people dead. Police said the four killed in the air strike were civilians, including two brothers who were under 10 years old.
    (AP, 4/10/08)
2008        Apr 10, Israel cut off all fuel supplies to Gaza's 1.4 million residents, one day after militants killed 2 civilians at a fuel terminal.
    (AP, 4/10/08)
2008        Apr 10, Leftist lawmakers took over both chambers of Mexico's Congress to protest President Felipe Calderon's energy reform bill, which would make it easier for the state oil company to seek outside help to develop oil fields.
    (AP, 4/11/08)
2008        Apr 10, In Mexico police, working with FBI agents in the small town of Tacambaro, arrested Cpl. Cesar Laurean (21). He is charged with first-degree murder in the December, 2007, death at Camp Lejeune, NC, of Marine Lance Cpl. Maria Lauterbach, who had accused him of rape.
    (AP, 4/11/08)
2008        Apr 10, Nepal gave an historic vote of support for a peace process that is set to abolish an unpopular monarchy and reshape the impoverished country. The final results were not expected for several weeks. Sporadic violence, including two deaths in the ethnically tense south, was reported.
    (AFP, 4/10/08)
2008        Apr 10, In Pakistan Ahmad Shah, a Taliban commander also known as Mullah Ismail, was killed in a shootout with security forces near Peshawar. He  was blamed for the deadliest attack on US troops since they entered Afghanistan in 2001.
    (AP, 4/18/08)
2008        Apr 10, In Sri Lanka government forces attacked Tamil Tiger rebel bunkers along the front lines in the war-ravaged northern region, triggering gunbattles that killed 13 rebels and wounded 11 soldiers.
    (AP, 4/11/08)
2008        Apr 10, In Thailand 54 illegal migrant workers from Myanmar suffocated in the back of an unventilated truck, while the rest of the passengers being smuggled to Thailand pounded on the container and screamed in vain for the driver's help. 37 of the dead were women and 17 were men. A Thai court the next day convicted some 64 survivors of illegal entry and rule to send them back to Myanmar.
    (AP, 4/10/08)(Reuters, 4/11/08)
2008        Apr 10, The UN Environment Program said dumping of waste by ships in the Mediterranean Sea will become illegal as of May 1, 2009.
    (AFP, 4/11/08)

2008        Apr 11, G7 finance officials endorsed a plan to prevent financial crises and reiterated its demand that Beijing allow the yuan to rise. They also issued a warning to financial markets that they won’t sit by and watch the dollar continue to slide.
    (SFC, 4/12/08, p.C2)(WSJ, 4/12/08, p.A3)
2008        Apr 11, Crystle Stewart (26), of Missouri City, Texas, was named Miss USA, besting 50 other beauty queens for the coveted crown in Las Vegas.
    (AP, 4/12/08)
2008        Apr 11, In SF the directors of the Haight Ashbury Food Program closed their soup kitchen at 1525 Waller St. due to reduced grants and donations. It had served as many as 450 people a day for some 25 years.
    (SFC, 4/12/08, p.B3)
2008        Apr 11, American Airlines cancelled 570 flights to inspect and repair wiring bundles in its MDF-80 aircraft. The cancellations were expected to continue for one more day. Over 3,000 flights were cancelled during the week leaving hundreds of thousands of passengers stranded.
    (SFC, 4/11/08, p.A1)
2008        Apr 11, Afghan and foreign troops clashed with and called airstrikes on militants in southern Afghanistan, leaving 24 dead and eight wounded.
    (AP, 4/12/08)
2008        Apr 11, Runners surrounded by rows of security carried the Olympic flame past thousands of jubilant Argentines in the most trouble-free torch relay in nearly a week.
    (AP, 4/11/08)
2008        Apr 11, Sabeel Ahmed (26), a doctor originally from Bangalore in India, pleaded guilty to withholding information from police about the June 29, 2007, attack at Glasgow airport. His brother died after a failed suicide car bombing at the airport.
    (AFP, 4/11/08)
2008        Apr 11, An indignant China said the US "seriously hurt the feelings of the Chinese people" when Congress passed a resolution calling on Beijing to stop cracking down on Tibetan dissent and talk to the Dalai Lama.
    (AP, 4/11/08)
2008        Apr 11, Chen Liangyu, the former Communist Party chief of China's financial capital, was sentenced to 18 years in prison for his role in a massive corruption scandal involving the city's pension fund and state-owned companies.
    (AP, 4/11/08)
2008        Apr 11, In Cuba new regulations allowed thousands of Cubans to get title to state-owned homes, a step that might lay the groundwork for broader housing reform.
    (AP, 4/12/08)
2008        Apr 11, In Cyprus Turkish Cypriot leader Mehmet Ali Talat crossed over to the Greek Cypriot part of the island's ethnically divided capital, the first head of the Turkish Cypriot north to do so in more than three decades.
    (AP, 4/11/08)
2008        Apr 11, Foreign Minister Bernard Kouchner said France will boost its contribution to NATO forces fighting al Qaeda and the Taliban in Afghanistan to some 3,000 troops, around double the present level.
    (AP, 4/11/08)
2008        Apr 11, French officials said pirates have freed the 30 crew from Le Ponant, a French luxury sailing ship, which was seized off Somalia on April 4, and had been tailed by the French Navy. Helicopter-borne French troops seized 6 of the dozen hostage takers, after the hostages were freed, and recovered sacks of money, apparently ransom paid by the ship’s owners.
    (AFP, 4/11/08)(SFC, 4/12/08, p.A9)
2008        Apr 11, In India Rajiv Agarwal, a senior official of Uttar Pradesh state, said state authorities have banned the sale of a cheap variety of hair dye after debt-ridden farmers were found to be drinking it to end their lives.
    (AP, 4/11/08)
2008        Apr 11, Riyadh al-Nouri, a senior aide to radical Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr was assassinated in Najaf. A roadside bomb destroyed an armored vehicle in eastern Baghdad, killing an Iraqi. An unmanned drone fired on a group of gunmen carrying grenades and mortars overnight in Sadr City, killing six of them. A helicopter hit a group of gunmen in the Hayaniyah district of central Basra overnight, killing six of them.
    (AP, 4/11/08)
2008        Apr 11, Israeli forces launched air strikes and a ground raid in the Gaza Strip, trading fire with gunmen in clashes that killed 8 Palestinians including a 12-year-old boy.
    (AP, 4/11/08)
2008        Apr 11, In Moldova a Sudanese-owned transport plane laden with fuel crashed shortly after takeoff from an airport near the capital and burst into flames, killing all 8 people on board.
    (AP, 4/12/08)
2008        Apr 11, In Rwanda a grenade thrown by an unknown attacker killed a policeman guarding the Gisozi genocide museum in Kigali, in a rare attack in the central African nation still mourning the 1994 ethnic slaughter.
    (Reuters, 4/11/08)
2008        Apr 11, Soldiers destroyed two Tamil Tiger rebel bunkers in northern Sri Lanka while fighting in the region left 11 separatists dead and eight soldiers wounded.
    (AP, 4/12/08)
2008        Apr 11, In Taiwan Liu Chao-shiuan (65), who heads Taipei's prestigious Soochow University, said President-elect Ma Ying-jeou asked him to head the Cabinet.
    (AP, 4/11/08)
2008        Apr 11, Zimbabwe state radio said President Robert Mugabe will snub a regional summit at the weekend that was expected to pressure him to release delayed election results. Police said all political rallies had been banned because officers were too busy guarding ballot boxes or deployed to prevent post-election violence.
    (Reuters, 4/11/08)

2008        Apr 12, Jerry Zucker (58), Israeli-born American businessman and chief executive of Hudson's Bay Co., died of cancer. Zucker's wife Anita Zucker became governor of HBC, Canada’s largest retailer, making her the first woman to hold that position in the company's 338-year history.
    (Reuters, 4/13/08)(WSJ, 4/19/08, p.A9)
2008        Apr 12, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber attacked an Indian road construction crew in the southwestern Nimroz province, killing two people, including an Indian engineer. Eight other people, including five Indian workers and two civilians, were wounded in the blast. Militants killed four eradication police in Kandahar’s Maiwand district.
    (AP, 4/12/08)(AP, 4/13/08)
2008        Apr 12, About 20,000 workers rioted over high food prices and low wages close to the Bangladesh capital Dhaka, amid spreading global unrest over soaring grocery costs.
    (AP, 4/12/08)
2008        Apr 12, A unit of Canada’s national police boarded and seized the Farley Mowat, a Dutch registered yacht belonging to the Sea Shepherd Conservation Society. The ship was used to protest Canada’s annual seal hunt.
    (Econ, 4/19/08, p.48)
2008        Apr 12, Chinese President Hu Jintao defended the crackdown on protests in Tibet and denied the disturbances were linked to human rights in his first public comments on the incident.
    (AFP, 4/12/08)
2008        Apr 12, In Ecuador 5 young British women were killed in a bus crash while the 15 other people on board were injured.
    (AFP, 4/13/08)
2008        Apr 12, Haiti’s President Rene Preval announced a drop in the price of rice in a bid to defuse anger of rising food prices that fueled days of deadly protests and looting. Haitian lawmakers dismissed PM Jacques Edouard Alexi, hoping to defuse widespread anger over rising food prices.
    (AP, 4/12/08)
2008        Apr 12, In Iran an explosion killed 14 people inside a mosque in the southern city of Shiraz. A Police official said a homemade bomb caused the explosion. The next day Abbas Mohtaj, deputy interior minister in charge of security, said the explosion was "the result of an accident." In May a report by the official news agency IRNA again said the explosion was no accident, and those responsible had ties to the West. In November Iran's Revolutionary Court convicted three men of involvement in an explosion and sentenced them to death.
    (AP, 4/13/08)(SSFC, 4/13/08, p.A7)(SFC, 4/14/08, p.A13)(AP, 5/8/08)(AP, 11/29/08)
2008        Apr 12, Shiite militants fought US and Iraqi forces around Baghdad's Shiite district of Sadr City despite a call for calm by anti-American cleric Muqtada al-Sadr following the assassination of one of his top aides. At least 13 Shiite militants died in the clashes, which erupted the previous evening and tapered. Iraqi soldiers acting on tips from detained Shiite militiamen found 14 bodies that had been buried in a field south of Baghdad. The bodies were found after members of al-Sadr's Mahdi Army militia were detained and confessed to killing and burying dozens of Sunnis as well as some Shiites killed for criminal purposes. A US soldier was killed by a roadside bomb in Baghdad.
    (AP, 4/12/08)(SSFC, 4/13/08, p.A5)
2008        Apr 12, Macedonia's lawmakers voted to dissolve parliament and hold early elections, following a dispute with neighboring Greece that halted the Balkan nation's bid to join NATO.
    (AP, 4/12/08)
2008        Apr 12, It was reported that an international team of scientists had completed an inventory of life on Madagascar, one of Earth’s largest and most diverse islands.
    (SFC, 4/12/08, p.A4)
2008        Apr 12, Election officials said Nepal's communist former rebels have won control in 11 of the 21 constituencies where vote counting has been completed in the election for an assembly to write a new constitution.
    (AP, 4/12/08)
2008        Apr 12, King Harald V opened Norway's $840 million national opera house on the shores of the Oslo Fjord, kicking off a gala performance. The parliament's decision to approve construction and funding of a national opera house belatedly confirmed an overly optimistic 1881 report in an Oslo newspaper that the capital was about to get a new opera house.
    (AP, 4/13/08)
2008        Apr 12, Spain's re-elected PM Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero was sworn in for his second term. He announced a government which for the first time included more women than men and a female defense minister.
    (AFP, 4/12/08)
2008        Apr 12, In Sudan the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) clashed with Sudanese armed forces in West Darfur near the Sudan-Chad border. Both sides claimed they had inflicted heavy casualties.
    (Reuters, 4/13/08)
2008        Apr 12, Taiwan's vice president-elect said he and Chinese President Hu Jintao held "candid and harmonious" talks in the highest-level contact ever between the sides, and they had brought results.
    (AP, 4/12/08)
2008        Apr 12, Thousands of secularist Turks rallied in Ankara against the ruling AK Party, which is facing a high court challenge by a prosecutor who wants it shut down for alleged Islamist activities.
    (AP, 4/12/08)
2008        Apr 12, Investigators in Turkey found the body of Giuseppina Pasqualino di Marineo (33), an Italian artist known as Pippa Bacca. She was last seen on March 31 hitchhiking in a wedding gown. She was on her way to Israel in a plea for peace. Police detained a man suspected of killing her. In June, 2009, Murat Karatas was sentenced to life in prison for her rape and murder.
    (AP, 4/12/08)(SSFC, 6/28/09, p.A4)
2008        Apr 12, African leaders hoped to find a resolution to Zimbabwe's deepening political crisis at an emergency summit in Zambia, but state media reported that President Robert Mugabe would not attend the "unnecessary" meeting. The Electoral Commission said it would conduct a full recount of the presidential and parliamentary ballots cast in 23 constituencies, all but one of them won by the opposition.
    (AP, 4/12/08)(AP, 4/13/08)

2008        Apr 13, The World Bank, IMF and G7 ended three days of meetings eliciting calls for economic coordination but no joint emergency plan.
    (WSJ, 4/14/08, p.A1)
2008        Apr 13, The winners of this year’s Goldman Awards were reported to be: Feliciano dos Santos (43) of Mozambique, the director of Estamos, an environmental group promoting sanitation, sustainable development and reforestation; Marina Rikhvanova (46), founder of Baikal Environmental Wave, which forced the rerouting of an oil pipeline in the Baikal basin; Pablo Fajardo (35) and Luis Yanza (48) of Ecuador, co-founders of the Amazon Defense Front, which accused Texaco (now Chevron) of dumping oil and wastewater into local streams; Rosa Hilda Ramos (63) of Puerto Rico, head of a movement to protect the Las Cicharillas Marsh; Ignace Schops (43) of Belgium, head of a movement to establish Belgium’s 1st and only national park; Jesus Leon (42) of Mexico, co-founder of the Center for Integral Small Farmer Development of the Mixtec (CEDICAM).
    (SSFC, 4/13/08, p.A4)
2008        Apr 13, In Afghanistan Taliban militants ambushed a police truck, killing four officers and wounding 7 in Helmand province. Taliban militants attacked a group of police officers sleeping on the mud floor of an isolated roadside checkpoint, killing 11. The two soldiers from Afghanistan's 47,000-strong NATO-led force were killed and two wounded in an explosion in the south.
    (AP, 4/13/08)(AP, 4/14/08)(Reuters, 4/14/08)
2008        Apr 13, Australia’s PM Kevin Rudd named Queensland governor Quentin Bryce as the next governor-general, the first woman to act as the British queen's representative in the country.
    (AFP, 4/13/08)
2008        Apr 13, In Brazil armed men firing from pickup trucks and flying in a helicopter attacked a maximum-security prison holding some of Brazil's highest-profile inmates but were repelled by guards in Campo Grande, the state capital of Mato Grosso do Sul.
    (AP, 4/14/08)
2008        Apr 13, Bulgaria's powerful Interior Minister Rumen Petkov resigned amid a snowballing corruption scandal that exposed links between top crime-busters and suspected criminals.
    (AP, 4/13/08)
2008        Apr 13, Ethiopians voted in a first round of elections that the main opposition coalition boycotted to protest alleged intimidation by ruling party officials.
    (AP, 4/13/08)
2008        Apr 13, In Hong Kong the historical epic "The Warlords" dominated the Hong Kong Film Awards scooping 8 gongs including best film and best actor in martial arts star Jet Li.
    (AP, 4/13/08)
2008        Apr 13, In eastern India Biranchi Das (40), the controversial coach of a young boy who ran a marathon in an attempt to set a world record, was shot dead. Also in eastern India Naxalite rebels fatally shot five policemen and a luggage porter and seriously wounded two others in an attack on a railroad station.
    (AP, 4/14/08)
2008        Apr 13, Officials said the Iraqi government has dismissed about 1,300 soldiers and policemen who deserted or refused to fight during last month's offensive against Shiite militias and criminal gangs in Basra. Gunmen in Basra assassinated police Maj. Ali Haider, a commander in the department's serious crimes directorate. Militants firing rocket-propelled grenades ambushed an American patrol in eastern Baghdad. Fire from armed helicopters and an Abrams tank repulsed the attack, killing six of the gunmen. US soldiers discovered a mass grave near Muqdadiyah, which contained 20 to 30 badly decomposed bodies that appeared to have been buried nearly eight months. 2 US Marines were killed by a roadside bomb in Anbar province.
    (AP, 4/13/08)(AP, 4/14/08)(AP, 4/16/08)
2008        Apr 13, Italians went to the polls in general elections likely to return conservative Silvio Berlusconi to the prime minister's office for a third time at the expense of new centre-left flagbearer Walter Veltroni.
    (AFP, 4/13/08)
2008        Apr 13, Kenya’s President Mwai Kibaki named rival Raila Odinga as prime minister, implementing a power-sharing deal after protracted negotiations over the agreement they signed more than a month ago.
    (AP, 4/13/08)
2008        Apr 13, Election officials said Nepal's Maoists had extended a stunning early lead in historic polls, as vote counting continued.
    (AP, 4/13/08)
2008        Apr 13, Palestinian medical officials said 3 people died in an explosion in a house in the Gaza Strip. They said the blast likely resulted from the accidental detonation of explosives.
    (AP, 4/13/08)
2008        Apr 13, Khasan Yandiyev (51), a top judge in Russia's southern troubled province of Ingushetia, was shot dead. He had led trials of Islamic rebels.
    (Reuters, 4/13/08)
2008        Apr 13, The Saudi Arabia beheaded two Nigerian men convicted of smuggling cocaine into the kingdom. 42 people have been beheaded this year, according to an AP count.
    (AP, 4/13/08)
2008        Apr 13, In Somalia suspected Islamist insurgents dragged two British nationals and two Kenyans out of their home in Beledweyn and killed them.
    (AFP, 4/14/08)
2008        Apr 13, In South Africa 2 Americans and a Norwegian tourist on a shark cage diving adventure drowned when their boat was hit by a freak wave.
    (AP, 4/13/08)
2008        Apr 13, South Korea's government confirmed a fourth outbreak of the H5N1 bird flu virus in the country's southwest, as the tally of birds slaughtered to control the spread of the disease rose to 1.3 million.
    (AP, 4/13/08)
2008        Apr 13, Sri Lanka marked its traditional new year with security forces and Tamil separatists locked in fierce combat resulting in heavy losses on both sides. Defense officials said at least 87 guerrillas had been killed in the last 24 hours. Security forces smashed through defenses of Tamil separatists, killing at least five rebels.
    (AFP, 4/13/08)(AFP, 4/14/08)
2008        Apr 13, In Tanzania about 1,000 people cheered and marched with a team of 80 athletes and a Cabinet minister participating in the Olympic torch relay, the flame's only stop in Africa.
    (AP, 4/13/08)
2008        Apr 13, Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez said his government is working to create a NATO-like South America defense council along with Brazil and other countries.
    (AP, 4/14/08)
2008        Apr 13, In Zambia African leaders ended an emergency meeting of the Southern African Development Community and called for the swift verification of the Zimbabwe voting results in the presence of all parties. The declaration fell far short of opposition calls for neighboring leaders to pressure President Robert Mugabe to step down after 28 years in power.
    (AP, 4/13/08)(Econ, 4/12/08, p.53)

2008        Apr 14, Pres. Bush ordered the release of $200 million in emergency aid as the UN Sec. Gen. said a global food crises has reached emergency levels.
    (WSJ, 4/15/08, p.A1)
2008        Apr 14, A US judge sentenced Samuel Israel III (48), the "mastermind" behind the collapsed hedge fund Bayou Group, to 20 years in prison. The sentence reflected the big losses suffered by investors in the $400 million fund.
    (Reuters, 4/14/08)
2008        Apr 14, Delta Air Lines and Northwest Airlines announced an agreement to a $17.7 billion merger creating the world’s largest carrier.
    (SFC, 4/15/08, p.A1)
2008        Apr 14, Ollie Johnston (b.1912), the last of Walt Disney's original team of animators, known as the Nine Old Men, died. He had worked for Disney for 43 years, drawing characters for animated Mickey Mouse short films before contributing to such classics such as "Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs" (1937), "Pinocchio" (1940), "Peter Pan" (1953) and "The Jungle Book" (1967).
    (Reuters, 4/16/08)(Econ, 4/26/08, p.109)
2008        Apr 14, Algeria, the world’s 4th largest gas exporter, said it will stop signing long term gas contracts and switch to shorter term ones.
    (WSJ, 4/15/08, p.A14)
2008        Apr 14, Train service between Bangladesh and India resumed after a 43-year hiatus.
    (AP, 4/14/08)
2008        Apr 14, In Brazil a top energy official said a deep-water exploration area could contain as much as 33 billion barrels of oil, an amount that would nearly triple Brazil's reserves and make the offshore bloc the world's third-largest known oil reserve.
    (AP, 4/14/08)
2008        Apr 14, In London Nepalese Gurkha soldiers demonstrated outside a landmark immigration tribunal which could decide if 2,000 veterans who fought for Britain can settle here.
    (AFP, 4/15/08)
2008        Apr 14, China’s state television said police found 30 firearms in a Tibetan monastery in Aba prefecture of Sichuan province last month.
    (Reuters, 4/14/08)
2008        Apr 14, In Cuba lines stretched for blocks outside phone centers as the government allowed ordinary Cubans to sign up for cellular phone service for the first time.
    (AP, 4/14/08)
2008        Apr 14, In Ethiopia explosions at two national oil company gas stations killed two people in the capital of Addis Ababa.
    (AP, 4/15/08)
2008        Apr 14, German Chancellor Angela Merkel arrived in Dublin to discuss a European Union reform treaty that still bemuses most Irish voters ahead of a June referendum that will determine the pact's fate.
    (Reuters, 4/14/08)
2008        Apr 14, Grand Ayatollah Hossein Ali Montazeri, Iran's most senior dissident cleric, charged that recent parliamentary elections were not free or fair because thousands of reformists were barred from running.
    (AP, 4/14/08)
2008        Apr 14, Richard Butler, a kidnapped British journalist, was rescued by Iraqi troops after two months in captivity in Basra. A roadside bomb in downtown Baghdad killed five people and wounded nine. In northern Iraq 18 people were killed in two car bombings and a suicide attack. The US military said it will release Associated Press photographer Bilal Hussein, more than two years after he was detained by US Marines on suspicions of links to insurgents. The military said it has determined Hussein is not a threat and plans to free him Apr 16.
    (AP, 4/14/08)(AP, 4/15/08)
2008        Apr 14, An Israeli airstrike hit a vehicle in northern Gaza, fatally wounding Ibrahim Abu Olba (42), a senior Palestinian militant. Former President Jimmy Carter deplored Palestinian militant attacks on Israel as a "despicable crime" as he toured Sderot, a rocket-battered town.
    (AP, 4/14/08)(AP, 4/15/08)
2008        Apr 14, In Italy exit polls put media mogul Silvio Berlusconi ahead in parliamentary election but suggested he was uncertain of winning the upper house majority he needs to steer the country through an economic downturn.
    (AP, 4/14/08)
2008        Apr 14, Japan and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) said they had finished signing a deal to tear down trade barriers between the world's second-largest economy and the 10-member bloc.
    (AFP, 4/14/08)
2008        Apr 14, Japan’s government said violent clashes with animal rights groups and fewer whale sightings forced its whaling fleet to head home from the Antarctic with only 55 percent of its 985-whale hunting target.
    (AP, 4/14/08)
2008        Apr 14, Kenyan police in Nairobi fired bullets and tear gas to clear machete-waving Mungiki gang members who blocked roads and set a police post on fire to protest the killing of an imprisoned gang leader's wife. At least 13 people were killed.
    (AP, 4/14/08)(AP, 4/15/08)
2008        Apr 14, The Olympic torch arrived in Oman amid tight security and expectations of a smooth relay on the Middle Eastern leg of the flame's round-the-world tour.
    (AP, 4/14/08)
2008        Apr 14, In Multan, Pakistan, a crowd protesting power cuts rioted in the home city of the new prime minister, ransacking the office of the state electricity company, torching a bank and leaving at least 13 people injured. The protest was organized by a textile industry association, which had set April 13 as a deadline for the electricity company to reduce power outages, known locally as load-shedding.
    (AP, 4/14/08)
2008        Apr 14, Turkmenistan agreed to supply the EU with 10 billion cubic meters of gas beginning next year.
    (WSJ, 4/15/08, p.A14)
2008        Apr 14, Zimbabwe's High Court rejected an opposition demand for the immediate release of results the March 29 presidential election.
    (AP, 4/14/08)

2008        Apr 15, Pope Benedict arrived at Andrews Air Force Base in Maryland and was met by President Bush and Catholic dignitaries. Benedict turned 81 the next day.
    (AP, 4/16/08)(SFC, 4/16/08, p.A2)
2008        Apr 15, Data firm RealtyTrac said home foreclosure filings surged 57% in the 12 month-period ended in March and bank repossessions soared 129% from a year ago. US inflation at the wholesale level soared in March at nearly triple the rate that had been expected as the costs of energy and food both climbed rapidly.
    (Reuters, 4/15/08)(AP, 4/15/08)
2008        Apr 15, Mike Leavitt, the top US health official, said US food and drug regulators will start working in China next month once Beijing gives its final approval.
    (AP, 4/15/08)
2008        Apr 15, J Street, an American pro-Israel and pro peace lobby was established under director Jeremy Ben Ami. It argued for a 2-state solution based on Israel’s pre-1967 borders. It is the first and only federal Political Action Committee (PAC) established to explicitly promote meaningful American leadership to end the Israeli-Palestinian and Israeli-Arab conflicts peacefully and diplomatically.
    (Econ, 10/31/09, p.40)(www.jstreet.org/files/images/JStreet_MediaAdvisory_041507.pdf)
2008        Apr 15, A draft report by the US National Toxicology Program acknowledged concerns over bisphenol-a (BPA), a chemical found in thousands of everyday plastic products, saying it may cause cancer and other serious disorders.
    (SFC, 4/16/08, p.A4)
2008        Apr 15, California Sen. Leland Yee dropped efforts to put the Cow Palace in Daly City up for sale and settled on a compromise plan to allow an adjoining parking lot to be sold.
    (SFC, 4/16/08, p.B14)
2008        Apr 15, Hazel Court (b.1926), British-born horror film queen, died in Tahoe City, Ca. Her films included “Devil Girl From Mars" (1954). Her autobiography, “Hazel Court: Horror Queen," was published later this month.
    (SFC, 4/19/08, p.B5)
2008        Apr 15, A Bangladesh official said at least 17 people were killed when a train plowed through a packed bus at a railway crossing in Tangail district.
    (AP, 4/16/08)
2008        Apr 15, Brazil and Russia signed an agreement to jointly develop top-line jet fighters and satellite launch vehicles.
    (AP, 4/16/08)
2008        Apr 15, In Brazil a police raid on drugs and dealers in a Rio de Janeiro shantytown set off a fierce gunbattle that killed at least nine people and wounded seven.
    (AP, 4/16/08)
2008        Apr 15, Colombia's Nevado del Huila volcano erupted in a shower of hot ash, prompting thousands of people to leave their homes.
    (AP, 4/15/08)
2008        Apr 15, In eastern Democratic Republic of Congo at least 44 people were killed and up tot 100 injured when a passenger plane crashed onto a market district after taking-off at Goma.
    (Reuters, 4/16/08)(WSJ, 4/18/08, p.A1)
2008        Apr 15, In Egypt a security official said 25 members of the opposition Muslim Brotherhood have been sentenced to up to 10 years in jail.
    (AP, 4/15/08)
2008        Apr 15, French high school students threw bottles and rocks on the fringes of a Paris demonstration that drew thousands of protesters to a march against a government plan to cut teaching jobs.
    (AP, 4/16/08)
2008        Apr 15, A parked car bomb targeting a police patrol in central Baghdad, killed four civilians who were passing by and wounding 15 other people. In Baqouba a car parked in front of a restaurant exploded killing at least 35 people. In Ramadi a parked car bomb exploded near a kebab restaurant killing at least 13 people. US soldiers backed by an airstrike killed six militants during clashes in the Sudayrah area near Baghdad's Sadr City. American troops killed four militants who fired rocket-propelled grenades at a tank elsewhere in the area. More clashes in Sadr City left four militiamen killed and 15 others wounded.
    (AP, 4/15/08)
2008        Apr 15, Israel said it will resume some crucial fuel shipments to the Gaza Strip. Defense officials confirmed that Israel will let Jewish settlers build new houses in existing West Bank settlements if they remove unauthorized settlement outposts. An Israeli aircraft fired a missile at a motorcycle in northern Gaza, killing Mohammed Ghausain, an Islamic Jihad commander.
    (AP, 4/15/08)
2008        Apr 15, Italy's Silvio Berlusconi (71) pledged to use his big election win to push through economic reforms, and vowed to close the border to illegal immigrants in a crackdown on criminals he called "the army of evil." He owed his majority in parliament to the support of the xenophobic Northern League, which won 8 percent of votes.
    (Reuters, 4/15/08)
2008        Apr 15, Kazakhstan joined other Black Sea grain exporters in curbing shipments to combat double-digit inflation. Wheat exports were suspended until Sep 10. Kazakhstan will become the world’s 5th largest wheat exporter this year, shipping half its record 2007 crop.
    (WSJ, 4/16/08, p.A8)
2008        Apr 15, In Mexico gunmen held up a family of US tourists in Baha and made off with their small plane from a hotel airstrip in Mulege.
    (AP, 4/15/08)
2008        Apr 15, Nepal's former rebels surprised observers by winning more than half of the directly elected seats where counting was complete in an assembly that will shape the Himalayan nation's political future. Re-voting was held in six constituencies.
    (AP, 4/15/08)
2008        Apr 15, In New Zealand 5 people were killed and three others missing after they were swept away by a storm-swollen river in the Mangatepopo Gorge.
    (AFP, 4/15/08)
2008        Apr 15, Former US Pres. Jimmy Carter visited the West Bank and laid a wreath at the grave of Yasser Arafat. Carter was criticized by Israel and Washington for his plans to meet with Hamas leaders in Syria.
    (SFC, 4/16/08, p.A8)
2008        Apr 15, In the northern Philippines army troops clashed with communist rebels, leaving three people dead in Quezon province's General Nakar town.
    (AP, 4/15/08)
2008        Apr 15, President Vladimir Putin accepted the leadership of the dominant United Russia party, securing his grip on power after he leaves the Kremlin and becomes PM next month.
    (AP, 4/15/08)
2008        Apr 15, In Uganda a fire tore through a primary school dormitory overnight, killing 19 girls and two adults. Police said that the blaze may have been deliberately set.
    (AP, 4/15/08)
2008        Apr 15, Venezuela moved to take a greater cut of windfall oil profits, approving a 50 percent tax on foreign oil companies when crude tops US$70 a barrel.
    (AP, 4/15/08)
2008        Apr 15, An opposition general strike to demand the release of Zimbabwe's delayed election result flopped and the ruling party in South Africa said the situation in the neighboring country was "dire."
    (Reuters, 4/15/08)

2008        Apr 16, The US government reported plans to begin collecting DNA samples from anyone arrested by a federal law enforcement agency, a move intended to prevent violent crime but which also is raising concerns about the privacy of innocent people.
    (AP, 4/16/08)
2008        Apr 16, The US Supreme Court ruled that the combination of drugs used in the death chambers of most states does not create a substantial risk of sever pain and therefore is constitutional.
    (SFC, 4/17/08, p.A1)
2008        Apr 16, Computer consultant John Schiefer (26) pleaded guilty in Los Angeles to raiding hundreds of thousands of computers with spyware to steal users' identities and commit fraud.
    (AFP, 4/17/08)
2008        Apr 16, In Colorado firefighters hoped rain and snow would help them stop wildfires that blazed through thousands of acres of grass, forced hundreds of residents to evacuate and left three people dead.
    (AP, 4/16/08)
2008        Apr 16, In Oklahoma Custer County Sheriff Mike Burgess (56) resigned just as state prosecutors filed 35 felony charges against him, including 14 counts of second-degree rape, seven counts of forcible oral sodomy and five counts of bribery by a public official. On March 24, 2009, Burgess was sentenced to 79 years in prison for forcing drug defendants to have sex with him.  
    (AP, 4/18/08)(SFC, 3/25/09, p.A7)
2008        Apr 16, Edward Lorenz (90), the father of chaos theory, died of cancer. He showed how small actions could lead to major changes in what became known as the "butterfly effect."
    (AP, 4/16/08)
2008        Apr 16, In southern Afghanistan 2 NATO soldiers were killed and two others were wounded in an explosion.
    (AP, 4/16/08)
2008        Apr 16, Britain’s PM Gordon Brown, on the first of a 3-day visit to the US, met with bankers to discuss solutions to the credit crisis.
    (WSJ, 4/17/08, p.A12)
2008        Apr 16, In Cambodia an attacker hurled a hand grenade into a crowd of people dancing at a Buddhist temple to celebrate the traditional New Year, killing one villager and wounding 25.
    (AP, 4/17/08)
2008        Apr 16, China’s state media reported that over the last 2 days police in northeastern Gansu province have found guns, dynamite, bullets and satellite receivers hidden in 11 Tibetan Buddhist monasteries.
    (Reuters, 4/16/08)
2008        Apr 16, The euro struck an all-time peak of 1.5969 dollars as eurozone inflation spiked to a record high.
    (AP, 4/16/08)
2008        Apr 16, A security official said Egypt's ruling party has won 92 percent of the votes in April 8 municipal elections boycotted by the main opposition group the Muslim Brotherhood.
    (AP, 4/16/08)
2008        Apr 16, A military plane belonging to Equatorial Guinea crashed off its coast with at least 13 people on board. There are no survivors.
    (AP, 4/18/08)
2008        Apr 16, Mount Egon volcano on Flores island in eastern Indonesia spewed ash and smoke 2 1/2 miles into the sky, forcing the evacuation of hundreds of nearby villagers.
    (AP, 4/16/08)
2008        Apr 16, In western India at least 44 people, nearly all children heading to school for final exams, drowned when their bus plunged off a bridge into a canal in Bodeli, Gujarat state.
    (AFP, 4/16/08)
2008        Apr 16, The Iraqi government said 33,121 detainees have been released since a general amnesty went into effect in February. The US military released Associated Press photographer Bilal Hussein after holding him for more than two years without filing formal charges. An unmanned US drone fired two Hellfire missiles at militants attacking Iraqi soldiers in a Shiite militia stronghold in Basra, killing four of the gunmen. In Baghdad, clashes between US-backed Iraqi troops and Shiite militiamen in the Sadr City district killed two men and wounded 18 others. A mortar shell slammed into a house in eastern Baghdad, killing at least three civilians and wounding three others. Gunmen opened fire on a minibus near Muqdadiyah, killing two women and wounding three men.
    (AP, 4/16/08)
2008        Apr 16, Libyan leader Moamer Kadhafi hailed Russian President Vladimir Putin's official visit as "historic and strategic" during a state dinner at the Bab Azizia palace.
    (AFP, 4/17/08)
2008        Apr 16, The Malaysian government shut down the Tamil-language Makkal Osai, or People's Voice, a newspaper catering to ethnic minority Indians. The next day the daily's news editor slammed the move as punishment for its critical coverage of social and political issues.
    (AP, 4/17/08)
2008        Apr 16, Palestinian militants ambushed an Israeli ground force in northern Gaza, killing three soldiers. The army responded with an airstrike and identified hitting militants in the Bureij area. Fadel Shana (23) a cameraman with the Reuters news agency, was struck, along with two bystanders, as he filmed Israeli tank movements in the distance during the bloodiest day in Gaza in more than a month. He had been in the area to film the aftermath of a deadly Israeli airstrike that killed 12 Palestinians, including five children aged 12-15. Israeli airstrikes left at least 19 Palestinians dead.
    (AP, 4/17/08)(SFC, 4/17/08, p.A9)
2008        Apr 16, In Pakistan runners carried the Olympic flame around the outside of a sports stadium, an invitation-only event in front of an elite, sparse crowd with heavy security to deter any anti-China protesters or terrorist attacks.
    (AP, 4/16/08)
2008        Apr 16, South Korea dispatched 200 soldiers to chicken farms to slaughter poultry infected with bird flu, as the government confirmed another outbreak of the disease.
    (AP, 4/16/08)
2008        Apr 16, Turkish warplanes hit a group of Kurdish rebels reportedly trying to infiltrate Turkey from the Avasin-Basyan region of northern Iraq. A clash between Turkish troops and Kurdish rebels near Turkey's southeastern border with Iraq left a Turkish soldier dead.
    (AP, 4/17/08)
2008        Apr 16, President Mugabe's security forces clamped down hard on unrest during a general strike, arresting dozens of opposition supporters before the stoppage fizzled out. A coalition of Zimbabwean doctors said its members had seen and treated more than 150 patients who had been beaten and tortured since the elections at the end of March. A court acquitted an American and a British reporter who had been charged with covering Zimbabwe's March 29 election without official accreditation.
    (AFP, 4/16/08)(AP, 4/16/08)

2008        Apr 17, The May contract for light sweet crude oil hit a trading record of $115.54 as the dollar fell to a new low against the euro.
    (AP, 4/18/08)
2008        Apr 17, In Fresno, Ca., Jesus Carrizales (17), a Roosevelt High School sophomore, attacked a campus police officer with a baseball bat. Officer Junus Perry received a 2-inch gash in the head before shooting and killing Carrizales.
    (SFC, 4/18/08, p.B14)
2008        Apr 17, George P. Cressman (b.1919) former head of the US National Weather Service (1965-1979), died. Under his tenure the agency bulked up its computers and data collection and began issuing predictions for an entire week’s worth of weather.
    (WSJ, 5/10/08, p.A8)
2008        Apr 17, Danny Federici (58), the longtime keyboard player for Bruce Springsteen, died. His stylish work helped define the E Street Band's sound on hits from "Hungry Heart" through "The Rising."
    (AP, 4/18/08)
2008        Apr 17, Afghan and foreign troops battled militants who ambushed their patrol in central Ghazni province, leaving nine Taliban fighters dead. A suicide attack in front of a mosque in Nimroz province killed 16 people and wounded over 30.
    (AP, 4/17/08)(SFC, 4/18/08, p.A15)
2008        Apr 17, In Burundi suspected rebels attacked the capital, Bujumbura. A series of attacks killed at least 17 people.
    (AP, 4/18/08)(WSJ, 4/19/08, p.A1)
2008        Apr 17, Retired Gen. Manuel Contreras (78), former chief of Chile's secret police force, was sentenced to 15 years in prison for the disappearance of a dissident during the dictatorship of the late Gen. Augusto Pinochet.
    (AP, 4/17/08)
2008        Apr 17, In Egypt former President Carter met with a Hamas delegation from Gaza, part of a series of talks with the Islamic militant group that has drawn sharp criticism from US and Israeli officials.
    (AP, 4/17/08)
2008        Apr 17, A renegade group of Gibraltar's Barbary apes has annoyed residents so much that authorities announced plans to kill them.
    (AP, 4/17/08)
2008        Apr 17,     India's central bank tightened monetary policy to fight high inflation, raising by half a percentage point the amount of cash commercial banks must keep in reserve.
    (AFP, 4/17/08)
2008        Apr 17, In India runners carried the Olympic flame along a heavily guarded route through central New Delhi, protected by about 15,000 police who kept Tibetan exiles and other anti-China protesters from disrupting the ceremony. Tens of thousands of pro-Tibetan demonstrators gathered across India to protest the torch relay.
    (AP, 4/17/08)(SFC, 4/18/08, p.A16)
2008        Apr 17,     A suicide bomber struck the funeral of two anti-al-Qaida Sunni tribesmen in a town north of Baghdad, killing at least 50 people and wounding dozens. An unmanned drone killed two gunmen in Baghdad's Sadr City district.
    (AP, 4/17/08)
2008        Apr 17, In Italy     Silvio Berlusconi returned to the world diplomatic stage by hosting Russian President Vladimir Putin at his villa in Sardinia. The event lost some of its luster when Putin was forced, before the glare of television cameras, to deny reports he had secretly divorced his wife and planned to marry an Olympic gymnast.
    (Reuters, 4/18/08)
2008        Apr 17, In Japan Buddhist Monks at the ancient Zenkoji Temple decided to pull out of hosting an April 26 ceremony for the protest-marred Olympic torch relay because of China's crackdown in Tibet, as visiting Chinese Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi rebuffed Japanese pressure over Tibet, reiterating that Beijing sees it as an internal matter.
    (AFP, 4/18/08)
2008        Apr 17, Russian President Vladimir Putin wrapped up his two-day visit with Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi by writing off $4.5 billion in Libyan debts in exchange for multibillion-dollar deals for Russian companies.
    (AP, 4/17/08)
2008        Apr 17,     Gaza militants who tried to carry out a new attack on a border crossing were stopped by Israeli troops. One was killed, another was wounded and a third fled the scene. Israeli troops surrounded a militant hideout in the town of Qabatiya, and exchanged fire for about an hour with two Islamic Jihad militants inside, before shooting them dead.
    (AP, 4/17/08)
2008        Apr 17,     Aime Cesaire (b.1913), a Martinique poet honored throughout the French-speaking world and a crusader for West Indian rights, died.
    (AP, 4/17/08)
2008        Apr 17, Chief Juan Muniz, the Mexican police chief of the border city of Reynosa, was arrested for allegedly protecting members of the Gulf drug cartel.
    (AP, 4/17/08)
2008        Apr 17, Former Roman Catholic Bishop Fernando Lugo asked thousands of supporters at his final campaign rally to help him end 61 years of one-party rule in Paraguay and to build a new nation for the poor and indigenous.
    (AP, 4/17/08)
2008        Apr 17, A government spokesman said South Africa has waived Cuban debt totaling more than 100 million dollars.
    (AFP, 4/17/08)
2008        Apr 17,     In South Korea special prosecutors indicted Chairman Lee Kun-hee, the chairman of Samsung Group, on charges of tax evasion and breach of trust, ending a probe that shook South Korea's biggest conglomerate for months. A South Korean court sentenced Kim Kyung-jun, a former business partner of President Lee Myung-bak, to 10 years in prison for stock manipulation, embezzlement and forgery. Chairman Lee Kun-hee was ordered to pay $40 million in taxes and $95.6 billion in fines. A 3-year prison sentence was suspended.
    (AP, 4/17/08)(Econ, 1/30/10, p.74)
2008        Apr 17, In Spain a bomb exploded in the offices of the governing Socialist party in the northern Basque city of Bilbao, injuring seven police officers.
    (AP, 4/17/08)
2008        Apr 17, Umeaa University said the world's oldest living tree on record is a 9,550 year-old spruce discovered in central Sweden. That would mean it had taken root in roughly the year 7,542 BC.
    (AP, 4/17/08)
2008        Apr 17,     Zimbabwe's government accused opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai of treason by plotting with former colonial power Britain to oust veteran President Robert Mugabe. G8 foreign ministers called for the swift release of the results of Zimbabwe's disputed presidential polls, condemning recent violence there.
    (AFP, 4/17/08)

2008        Apr 18,     President George W. Bush and South Korea's leader Lee Myung-bak held talks on pushing ahead with a huge free trade deal and fortifying their half-century security alliance. Bush welcomed Lee at Camp David for the two-day talks, that are to include their economic and defense teams. Just hours before the Bush-Lee talks, South Korea announced it had agreed to give US beef greater access to its market.
    (AFP, 4/18/08)
2008        Apr 18, A magnitude 5.2 earthquake hit southern Illinois in the Ozark Dome region and was felt across the Midwest.
    (SFC, 4/19/08, p.A5)
2008        Apr 18, In New Jersey 5 people were shot and 3 others stabbed in 4 separate incidents in Irvington.
    (SFC, 4/21/08, p.A3)
2008        Apr 18, In Afghanistan the son of the Netherlands' top military officer was killed by a roadside bomb, the day after his father assumed command of the Dutch armed forces.
    (AP, 4/18/08)
2008        Apr 18, In Bolivia American rancher Ronald Larsen, who has extensive land holdings there, and his son Duston were named in a criminal complaint for "sedition, robbery, and other crimes." Ronald Larsen, of Montana, was accused of firing on the vehicle Alejandro Almaraz, the Deputy Minister of Land. and holding the minister hostage as he tried to carry out a government inspection of Larsen's ranch in southern Bolivia on February 29. Larson said Almaraz was drunk and had showed up at the ranch at three in the morning.
    (AP, 4/19/08)
2008        Apr 18, The Royal Canadian Mounted Police arrested Benoit Corbeil, a former senior Liberal official, on fraud charges in connection with an advertising scandal that helped topple the Liberal government in 2006.
    (Reuters, 4/18/08)
2008        Apr 18, In Chile 5 high-ranking retired navy officers were indicted for the abduction, torture and killing a British-Chilean priest and other dissidents in the days following Chile's 1973 military coup.
    (AP, 4/18/08)
2008        Apr 18,     In China 56 fishermen were reported missing as one of the earliest typhoons to hit the region in six decades barreled down on the southern island of Hainan. 38 swam to a reef area after their boats were damaged leaving 18 still missing.
    (AP, 4/18/08)(AP, 4/19/08)
2008        Apr 18, Ecuador's constitutional assembly approved a decree revoking most of the mining concessions in the country, following up on the leftist government's pledge to take greater control over natural resources.
    (AP, 4/18/08)
2008        Apr 18, Iraqi police said a company of government troops in Sadr City retreated when they came under attack from Shiite militiamen who used the cover of a sandstorm. Overnight clashed killed two people and injured nine. Ayman al-Zawahri, Al-Qaida's No. 2, said in a new audiotape that the US will lose whether it stays in Iraq or withdraws, and he sneered that President Bush just wants to pass the problem on to his successor. It was reported that US commanders have begun releasing Iraqi detainees. 8,000 have been released since September with plans to release half of the 23,000 currently held.
    (AP, 4/18/08)(WSJ, 4/18/08, p.A1)
2008        Apr 18,     The Israeli government revealed plans to build 100 homes in two Jewish settlements, one of them deep in the West Bank, in violation of its pledge to freeze settlement expansion. The Al Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades said Hani Al-Kabi, a leader of the group in the Balata refugee camp, was killed by Israeli troops during a raid in Nablus.
    (AP, 4/18/08)
2008        Apr 18, In western Mexico a military helicopter crashed, killing 11 soldiers and seriously injuring another.
    (AP, 4/19/08)
2008        Apr 18,     In Mongolia more than 20,000 people flooded the center of the capital, Ulan Bator, to demand that the government do something about rising food prices that have nearly tripled in some cases.
    (AP, 4/18/08)
2008        Apr 18, In Morocco French PM Francois Fillon announced the signing of economic tie-ups with Morocco, alongside the sale of a naval warship to aid defense coordination.
    (AP, 4/18/08)
2008        Apr 18, In southern Nepal Rudra Bahadur Singh, a candidate in last week's election from a party that supports Nepal's discredited king, was fatally shot.
    (AP, 4/19/08)
2008        Apr 18, In the northern Philippines a passenger bus plunged into a ravine, killing nine people and injuring more than 20.
    (AP, 4/18/08)
2008        Apr 18,     In Singapore J.B. Jeyaretnam (82), interim secretary general of the Reform Party, vowed to fight what it called the "enslavement" of Singapore after nearly half-a-century of rule by the People's Action Party (PAP).
    (AFP, 4/18/08)
2008        Apr 18,     South Africa's main transport union thwarted the delivery of a controversial shipment of Chinese arms destined for Zimbabwe, saying its workers would not offload the cargo. The Chinese ship left the South African harbor and headed for neighboring Mozambique. Angola and Mozambique said the ship is not welcome. China defended the cargo against international criticism.
    (AFP, 4/18/08)(AP, 4/19/08)(AFP, 4/22/08)(SFC, 4/23/08, p.A2)
2008        Apr 18,     Spain's newly re-elected government announced an 18-billion-euro plan to revive the economy, which is suffering a slowdown after a decade-long boom that had been the envy of the rest of Europe.
    (AP, 4/18/08)
2008        Apr 18,     Former US Pres. Jimmy Carter arrived in Syria where he met Pres. Bashar Assad, the political leader of the militant Palestinian Hamas group and Syrian businessmen.
    (AP, 4/18/08)
2008        Apr 18,     Thailand's PM Samak Sundaravej said that Thais should be honored the Olympic torch is passing through their country and protesters have no reason to disrupt the relay. Up to 2,000 police will guard the April 19 relay, a 6.3-mile run.
    (AP, 4/18/08)
2008        Apr 18, In northern Yemen gunmen assassinated Saleh Hendi, a ruling party lawmaker, along with his son.
    (AP, 4/18/08)

2008        Apr 19,     In NYC Pope Benedict XVI preached in St. Patrick's cathedral, assuring priests and nuns that he was close to them as they battled the damage left by the clergy sex scandal.
    (AP, 4/19/08)
2008        Apr 19, Alfonso Lopez Trujillo (b.1935), Vatican enforcer and former archbishop of Medellin, died. In 1995, as head of the Pontifical council for the Family, he published a “Lexicon of Ambiguous and Debatable Terms."
    (Econ, 5/3/08, p.93)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfonso_L%C3%B3pez_Trujillo)
2008        Apr 19, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb hit a civilian vehicle, killing three people and wounding another. An Afghan policeman and two Taliban fighters were killed in a firefight in Panjwayi, Kandahar province. Afghan police clashed with Iranian forces at the southwestern border with Iran, leaving one civilian dead and two Iranian officers wounded.
    (AP, 4/19/08)(AFP, 4/20/08)(AP, 4/20/08)
2008        Apr 19, In Argentina President Cristina Fernandez surveyed more than 200 raging brush fires by air as a thick cloud of smoke covered Buenos Aires for a fifth day. She vowed to prosecute anyone who lit the blazes that have sent smoke clouding highways and grounding jetliners.
    (AP, 4/19/08)
2008        Apr 19,     In Australia PM Rudd opened a summit of the nation's top minds to discuss fresh policy ideas for the future.
    (Reuters, 4/19/08)
2008        Apr 19,     In Austria 3 men posing as policemen were shot along S1 highway, one fatally, when they tried to rob two men who turned out to be real officers.
    (AP, 4/19/08)
2008        Apr 19,     In central Bangladesh a speeding bus plunged off a road, killing at least 18 people and injuring dozens.
    (AP, 4/19/08)
2008        Apr 19, In Ecuador flames started by fireworks swept through a nightclub in Quito, killing at least 14 people who were unable to escape through the club's padlocked doors.
    (AP, 4/19/08)
2008        Apr 19, In France the charred body of Sussanna Zetterberg (19), a Swedish teenager, was discovered in woods outside Paris just hours after she left a nightclub. A postmortem showed she had been stabbed.
    (Reuters, 4/24/08)
2008        Apr 19,     Twelve people died in overnight clashes in Baghdad's Sadr City district. The US military said one of its attack helicopters located and hit a mortar crew in Sadr City at 3:30 a.m., killing two gunmen and destroying the weapon. In the town of Suq al-Shiyoukh a firefight killed one militant and left six policemen injured. The US military said an American soldier was killed by a roadside bomb while on patrol in Salahuddin province.
    (AP, 4/19/08)
2008        Apr 19, In northern Kazakhstan a Soyuz capsule, carrying South Korean bioengineer Yi So-yeon, American astronaut Peggy Whitson and Russian flight engineer Yuri Malenchenko, landed 260 miles off its mark.
    (AP, 4/19/08)
2008        Apr 19,     Typhoon Neoguri swept through Macau, after it struck Hainan island south of mainland China the night before.
    (AFP, 4/19/08)
2008        Apr 19,     Pakistan's ambassador to Afghanistan, who went missing in February in the Khyber region, appeared on Arabic television saying he was being held by the Taliban and urged Islamabad to meet their demands.
    (AP, 4/19/08)
2008        Apr 19,     Hamas militants drove two cars laden with explosives to an Israeli border crossing with Gaza under the cover of morning fog and detonated one. 4 militants were killed in the huge blasts and exchanges of fire with at least 13 Israeli soldiers wounded. Israel killed 5 Hamas militants in a series of airstrikes after the group detonated the explosives.
    (AFP, 4/19/08)(AP, 4/20/08)
2008        Apr 19, In southern Spain a crash of a bus filled with Finnish tourists left nine people dead near the resort town of Benalmadena. Police arrested the driver of the other vehicle, who was not seriously injured, after he failed a blood alcohol test.
    (AP, 4/20/08)
2008        Apr 19, In Syria defying US and Israeli warnings, former President Jimmy Carter met again on with Khaled Mashaal, the exiled leader of the militant Hamas group, and his deputy, Moussa Abu Marzouk.
    (AP, 4/19/08)
2008        Apr 19,     Zimbabwe held a partial recount of votes from last month's general election as the opposition accused President Robert Mugabe and his party of trying to rig their way back to power.
    (AFP, 4/19/08)

2008        Apr 20, Pope Benedict XVI held a Mass at Yankee Stadium on his last day in the US.
    (WSJ, 4/21/08, p.A1)
2008        Apr 20,     The US Coast Guard recovered the bodies of 20 migrants, 19 Haitians and one Honduran, from the sea near the Bahamas after their boat apparently capsized.
    (AP, 4/21/08)
2008        Apr 20, In Emeryville, Ca., Chad Clarke (38), a suspected marijuana dealer, was shot a killed. In 2011 Anthony Ramirez (25) was convicted of the murder and sentenced to 25 years in prison. Co-defendant Ricco Orlando Earl (31) had testified against Ramirez and faced 12-16 years in prison.
    (SFC, 8/24/11, p.C3)
2008        Apr 20, In eastern Afghanistan a child was killed in a militant rocket attack on an army base in Kunar province. 4 Taliban were killed  in a gun battle with Afghan security forces in Kandahar province.
    (AP, 4/20/08)
2008        Apr 20, In Brazil Rev. Adelir Antonio de Carli, a 41-year-old Roman Catholic priest, went missing after he lifted off under hundreds of balloons from the port city of Paranagua wearing a helmet, an aluminum thermal flight suit, waterproof coveralls and a parachute. Tugboat workers discovered a body off Rio de Janeiro in early July that authorities believed belonged to the cleric. DNA confirmed that it was the body of the priest.
    (AP, 4/23/08)(AP, 7/29/08)
2008        Apr 20,     China unveiled a new draft food safety law that provides for penalties of up to life imprisonment for people responsible for the production of substandard food.
    (Reuters, 4/20/08)
2008        Apr 20, The second and final day of voting in Ethiopia's local and parliamentary polls was held amid tight security. The 2 largest opposition parties boycotted the elections saying intimidation had forced out over 17,000 of their candidates.
    (AP, 4/20/08)(WSJ, 4/21/08, p.A8)
2008        Apr 20, A Georgian unmanned reconnaissance flight was shot down over the Georgian rebel region of Abkhazia. The next day Georgia's air force commander said a Russian fighter jet shot down the spy plane as it flew over Abkhazia, but Russia said it had been shot down by separatist forces and that the flight violated UN ceasefire agreements. A UN report on May 26 said a Russian jet shot down the spy drone.
    (Reuters, 4/22/08)(AP, 4/22/08)(SFC, 5/27/08, p.A12)
2008        Apr 20, In Indonesia several thousand hardline Muslims protested outside the presidential palace in Jakarta demanding that Pres. Yudhoyono ban Ahmadiyah, an unorthodox but moderate Muslim sect founded in India in the 19th century.
    (Econ, 4/26/08, p.59)
2008        Apr 20,     US troops killed 12 militants during an "uptick" in fighting, as fierce clashes broke out in Baghdad's Sadr City district after radical cleric Muqtada al-Sadr warned he will declare war if a crackdown against his followers persists. 6 civilians, four men and two boys ages 8 and 10, were killed in fighting in Sadr City after midnight. An armed drone fired a Hellfire missile at a group of gunmen killing all three. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice arrived in Baghdad for a trip she said was intended to promote fresh political gains she sees to be flowing from the government-led assaults on radical militias.
    (AP, 4/20/08)(AP, 4/21/08)
2008        Apr 20,     Israeli airstrikes killed 2 more Hamas militants one day after the group detonated two jeeps packed with hundreds of kilograms of explosives on the Gaza border.
    (AP, 4/20/08)
2008        Apr 20,     In Mauritius a conference of the 14-nation Southern African Development Community (SADC) opened for talks on poverty and food prices.
    (AFP, 4/19/08)
2008        Apr 20, In Pakistan gunmen riding a motorcycle killed three paramilitary soldiers in an ambush in the town of Hub.
    (AP, 4/21/08)
2008        Apr 20,     A group of Palestinian refugees stranded on the Iraq-Syria border since 2006 flew to Chile under a resettlement plan sponsored by the Catholic Church in the South American country and the UN agency for refugees.
    (AP, 4/20/08)
2008        Apr 20,     Paraguay held elections. The Colorado Party, in office since 1947, had the longest current run of uninterrupted governance in Latin America. Fernando Lugo (56), a former Roman Catholic bishop, won over Blanca Ovelar, a protege of President Nicanor Duarte. She had sought to become Paraguay's first woman president. 43 percent of the country's 6.5 million people lived in poverty.
    (AP, 4/20/08)(AP, 4/21/08)
2008        Apr 20, Russia closed down a plutonium producing reactor in Seversk, marking a milestone in US nuclear nonproliferation efforts.
    (AP, 4/20/08)
2008        Apr 20, Pirates off the Somali coast, armed with grenade launchers, stormed a Spanish tuna fishing boat, the Playa de Bakio, with 26 crew members.
    (AFP, 4/21/08)
2008        Apr 20,     Sri Lankan forces killed a Roman Catholic priest who was also a top human rights campaigner inside rebel-held territory, as fighting raged in the troubled north.
    (AP, 4/20/08)
2008        Apr 20, Zimbabwe announced a delay in the partial recount of its disputed March 29 election. The opposition accused the authorities of waging a "war" that has killed 10 people and injured 500 others since disputed parliamentary and presidential elections. The secretary general of the opposition Movement for Democratic Change said 400 opposition supporters have been detained in Zimbabwe following the elections.
    (AFP, 4/20/08)

2008        Apr 21, A US judge in California sentenced Tai Mak (58) to 10 years in federal prison for attempting to take unclassified but sensitive information about US naval technology to China in 2005.
    (SFC, 4/22/08, p.A3)
2008        Apr 21,     It was reported that the 4th generation Oqo Model 02 personal computer, which weighed one pound and clipped onto a belt, was available for a starting price of $1,300. It had been developed over the last 8 years in SF in a venture begun by former Apple and IBM engineers.
    (SFC, 4/21/08, p.D1)
2008        Apr 21, Crude oil futures settled at a record $117.48 per barrel.
    (WSJ, 4/21/08, p.A1)
2008        Apr 21,     Resources Minister Martin Ferguson announced that Australia has extended control of its continental shelf by nearly 1 million square miles under an agreement with the UN.
    (AP, 4/21/08)
2008        Apr 21, The 6-member Gulf Cooperation Council met in Bahrain, along with representatives from Egypt, Jordan and Condoleezza Rice for the US, to discuss diplomatic support for Iraq as well as other issues. Rice failed to secure firm commitments on debt relief for Iraq.
    (SFC, 4/22/08, p.A10)(WSJ, 4/22/08, p.A10)
2008        Apr 21,     The Bank of England announced a 50-billion-pound plan, the special Liquidity Scheme, to free up Britain's home loan market in one of the biggest moves by a major central bank to combat the global credit crunch.
    (AFP, 4/21/08)(Econ, 4/26/08, p.96)
2008        Apr 21, The Ethiopian government announced it was severing diplomatic relations with Qatar, accusing the Gulf Arab state of destabilizing the Horn of Africa region.
    (AFP, 4/21/08)
2008        Apr 21, The Paris city council bestowed the title of "honorary citizen" on the Dalai Lama.
    (AP, 4/21/08)
2008        Apr 21, In Indonesia Self-proclaimed Jemaah Islamiyah (JI) leaders Abu Dujana and Zarkasih, blamed for the 2002 Bali bombings, were sentenced to 15 years each at separate trials in the South Jakarta district court.
    (AFP, 4/21/08)
2008        Apr 21, Iraq’s    PM Nouri al-Maliki urged other Arab countries to reopen their embassies in the capital as a show of support for his government as it cracks down on Shiite militias in Iraq. 6 people died in clashes in Baghdad's embattled Shiite enclave of Sadr City. They included 3 policemen and 3 civilians. In Baqouba a woman wearing an explosive vest blew herself up at the headquarters of group of US-allied Sunni fighters. The blast killed 3 people and wounded 4. An unmanned drone killed two gunmen in Baghdad's embattled Sadr City district. US troops were hit by a roadside bomb and then attacked with small-arms fire. They returned fire and killed 3 attackers. 2 US soldiers were killed by a bomb in Salahuddin province. A US Marine was killed by a roadside bomb in Basra.
    (AP, 4/21/08)(AP, 4/22/08)(SFC, 4/22/08, p.A10)(SFC, 4/23/08, p.A2)
2008        Apr 21, Israeli military forces killed three Palestinian militants who were trying to infiltrate into Israel from Gaza. Former President Carter said that Hamas, the Islamic militant group that has called for the destruction of Israel, is prepared to accept the right of the Jewish state to "live as a neighbor next door in peace." Hamas said it would accept a Palestinian state with pre-1967 borders.
    (AP, 4/21/08)(WSJ, 4/21/08, p.A1)
2008        Apr 21, In Japan PM Yasuo Fukuda met with South Korea’s Pres. Lee Myung-bak and both declared a new era of closer cooperation.
    (WSJ, 4/22/08, p.A10)
2008        Apr 21, Pirates in the Gulf of Aden fired on a Japanese oil tanker, unleashing hundreds of gallons of fuel into the sea. The attack took place 170 miles off the coast of Yemen while the 150,000-ton tanker was heading to Saudi Arabia.
    (AP, 4/21/08)
2008        Apr 21, Malaysia's leg of the Olympic torch relay passed off largely without incident with a heavy police presence netting just five protesters and thousands of well-wishers braving torrential rain.
    (AP, 4/21/08)
2008        Apr 21, A rebel group from Nigeria's oil producing Niger Delta said it attacked two major oil pipelines there in what it called a message to the United States to stop supporting "injustice" in the troubled region.
    (AP, 4/21/08)
2008        Apr 21, A prison official says Pakistan has ordered the release of Sufi Muhammad, a pro-Taliban leader who sent thousands of fighters against the US-led invasion of Afghanistan.
    (AP, 4/21/08)
2008        Apr 21, In South Korea an Agriculture Ministry official said at least 5.3 million birds will be slaughtered to contain its latest outbreak of bird flu.
    (WSJ, 4/22/08, p.A10)
2008        Apr 21, In Sudan gunmen killed a second driver delivering food aid for the UN's World Food Program in the Darfur region, where banditry has forced vital rations to be halved.
    (AFP, 4/24/08)
2008        Apr 21, Thailand’s government said more than 10 million people in parts of its rice bowl region have been hit by drought causing further concerns as prices of the staple grain soared.
    (AP, 4/21/08)

2008        Apr 22, In New Orleans Pres. Bush ended a 2-day meeting with PM Harper of Canada and Pres. Calderon of Mexico as all three defended NAFTA. Bush denied the US is in recession calling the current economic situation a slowdown.
    (SFC, 4/23/08, p.A3)(WSJ, 4/23/08, p.A1)
2008        Apr 22, In Pennsylvania Hillary Clinton won the primary with about 55% of the vote to 45% for Obama.
    (AP, 4/23/08)
2008        Apr 22, A US district Court in Manhattan charged Ben-ami Kadish (84), a former US Army mechanical engineer, with 4 counts of conspiracy. He was charged of spying for Israel and sending classified documents on nuclear weapons to an employee of the Israeli consulate.
    (SFC, 4/23/08, p.A3)
2008        Apr 22, In California Gov. Schwarzenegger designated the historic Irvine Ranch, nearly 40,000 acres of protected habitat, as the 1st California Natural Landmark.
    (SFC, 4/23/08, p.B6)
2008        Apr 22, In Richmond, Ca., Uriah Dach, a mentally ill man, died following a struggle with police at a mental health center. Police used pepper spray, shock weapons and batons to subdue him. In 2011 the city of Richmond agreed to pay his family $1.5 million.
    (SFC, 11/24/11, p.C6)
2008        Apr 22, In California a grizzly bear named Rocky (5) killed trainer Stephan Miller (39) at the Randy Miller’s Predators in Action center in San Bernadino County.
    (SFC, 4/23/08, p.A2)(SFC, 4/24/08, p.B2)
2008        Apr 22, The Bank of Canada cut its benchmark interest rate by half a percentage point to 3 percent, as expected, but suggested it might pause a little before cutting rates again.
    (Reuters, 4/22/08)
2008        Apr 22, In Colombia former Sen. Mario Uribe, a 2nd cousin and close political ally of President Alvaro Uribe wanted for allegedly backing illegal militias, surrendered to police after Costa Rica denied him political asylum. Charges included seeking support from right-wing paramilitary gunmen in 2002 and buying land that was illegally obtained by them.
    (AP, 4/23/08)(Econ, 4/26/08, p.55)
2008        Apr 22, In Indonesia torchbearers ran laps with the Olympic flame in front of an invitation-only crowd after officials changed the relay route from Jakarta's streets to a sports stadium amid pressure from China to keep away demonstrators.
    (AP, 4/22/08)
2008        Apr 22, Iraqi PM Nouri al-Maliki, at a meeting in Kuwait, urged neighboring countries to help dry up "the springs of terrorism" by preventing militants from obtaining weapons and financing from abroad.
    (AP, 4/22/08)
2008        Apr 22, In Iraq a Shadow reconnaissance crashed south of Baghdad. A female suicide bombing in Diyala province killed 18 people including 10 Iraqi civilians, a Kurd and 7 Iraqi policemen. A car bomb in Mosul killed on person. In Baghdad 21 suspected gunmen were killed in Shiite militia strongholds. Officials said 15 civilians were among the dead, including two women. A US airstrike killed a militant planting a bomb wire. Police said an air strike killed 8 civilians. A car bomb killed 2 US Marines and 10 Iraqis in Anbar province.
    (AP, 4/22/08)(AP, 4/23/08)(SFC, 4/23/08, p.A2)
2008        Apr 22,     Alitalia flew into the unknown after Air France-KLM withdrew its takeover offer, leaving Italy's long-struggling flagship airline with little choice but to contemplate bankruptcy or receivership. The outgoing center-left government allowed a loan of €300 million to Alitalia.
    (AP, 4/22/08)(Econ, 4/26/08, p.68)
2008        Apr 22, Anglo-Dutch oil group Shell reported output loss of 169,000 barrels per day following the sabotage of its key supply pipelines in southern Nigeria.
    (AP, 4/22/08)
2008        Apr 22,     Senior representatives said Hamas has softened its position and is willing to accept a cease-fire in just the Gaza Strip, dropping a demand that the truce immediately include the West Bank.
    (AP, 4/22/08)
2008        Apr 22,     The Royal Bank of Scotland announced a record share issue of 12 billion pounds to shore up its finances after huge subprime-related writedowns and the blockbuster takeover of Dutch giant ABN Amro.
    (AP, 4/22/08)
2008        Apr 22,    Security forces in northern Somalia stormed a hijacked ship carrying food, rescuing hostages and arresting seven pirates. The seizure was the latest in a spate of pirate attacks off the increasingly lawless Somali coast.
    (AP, 4/22/08)
2008        Apr 22, In Sri Lanka rebels said Tamil separatists had destroyed an army tank after Sri Lankan war planes bombed a Roman Catholic church compound killing a man and wounding two children.
    (AFP, 4/22/08)
2008        Apr 22,     In Sudan counting started in a census seen as a vital step towards holding democratic elections after a landmark 2005 north-south peace deal. In southern Sudan ethnic clashes broke out that also targeted equipment and facilities used in the nationwide census. Later reports said some 95 people were killed.
    (AP, 4/22/08)(AFP, 4/25/08)

2008        Apr 23, Actress Megan Fox was named the world's sexiest woman by an annual online poll, while the world's most Googled woman, Britney Spears, barely scraped in at No. 100 after a shocker of a year.
    (AP, 4/24/08)
2008        Apr 23, The Bush administration promoted Gen. David Petreaus head of Central Command. Lt. Gen. Raymond Odierno would succeed him as senior commander in Iraq.
    (SFC, 4/24/08, p.A3)
2008        Apr 23, The US Supreme Court ruled that police can conduct searches and seize evidence during arrests, even it the arrests turn out to violate state law.
    (WSJ, 4/24/08, p.A1)
2008        Apr 23, Officials said the US is scrapping a $20 million virtual fence, developed by Boeing Corp., on the Arizona-Mexico border because the system failed to adequately alert border patrol agents to illegal crossings.
    (SFC, 4/24/08, p.A7)
2008        Apr 23, New York’s Gov. David Paterson signed into law a $1.25 per pack tax hike on top of the state’s $1.50 per pack cigarette tax. NYC has an additional $1.50 per pack tax. By July 1 smokers will be paying an average $9.00 a pack for legal cigarettes. The taxes have encouraged major criminal smuggling.
    (WSJ, 5/7/08, p.A17)
2008        Apr 23, Vicorp Corp., the Denver-based owner of Bakers Square and Village Inn restaurants, said it had filed for Bankruptcy as it struggled amid a slowing economy and higher operating costs.
    (WSJ, 4/24/08, p.A1)
2008        Apr 23, It was reported that home foreclosures in California and the SF Bay Area soared over 300% during the first 3 months of 2008.
    (SFC, 4/23/08, p.A1)
2008        Apr 23, In southern Afghanistan a spate of suicide bombings and other attacks on security forces left 13 people dead and 24 others wounded.
    (AP, 4/23/08)
2008        Apr 23, Officials said Bangladesh has begun evacuating thousands of stranded workers who were trafficked into war-ravaged Iraq by illegal manpower traders.
    (AP, 4/23/08)
2008        Apr 23, PM Gordon Brown pledged that Britain would promote proposals for an arms embargo on Zimbabwe.
    (AP, 4/23/08)
2008        Apr 23, German publisher Bertelsmann said it planned to publish the world's first reference book based on entries from Wikipedia, the popular online encyclopedia. The single volume, 992-page tome would contain about 50,000 condensed entries and sell for about $31.80.
    (AP, 4/23/08)(SFC, 4/24/08, p.C1)
2008        Apr 23, Two US soldiers were killed in an accident in Salahuddin province when their vehicle rolled onto its side. Another American soldier died in a single-vehicle accident on a highway in neighboring Kuwait.
    (AP, 4/24/08)
2008        Apr 23, Norway raised its main interest rate a quarter point to 5.5%.
    (WSJ, 4/24/08, p.A8)
2008        Apr 23, Officials and a rebel spokesman said Pakistan's new government has drafted a peace agreement with Taliban militants in its troubled tribal belt bordering Afghanistan. A militant letter attributed to Baitullah Mehsud, a Pakistani Al-Qaeda warlord accused of ordering Benazir Bhutto's assassination, told followers to halt attacks amid peace talks with the government.
    (AP, 4/23/08)(AP, 4/24/08)
2008        Apr 23, A threatened shutdown of the Gaza Strip's only power plant was averted after Israel agreed to pump in about 260,000 gallons of diesel fuel, enough to run the plant for at least 3 days. An Israeli airstrike killed a Palestinian civilian near the town of Beit Hanoun.
    (AP, 4/23/08)(AP, 4/24/08)
2008        Apr 23, In Somalia residents said four more corpses were found Mogadishu, bringing the death toll from last weekend's shelling and seizure of small towns by the Islamists' to at least 103. Amnesty Int’l. Ethiopian soldiers, stationed in Somalia to bolster the interim government, had killed 21 people and captured dozens of children in a raid on the Al Hidaaya mosque earlier this week during operations against Islamist insurgents.
    (Reuters, 4/24/08)
2008        Apr 23, In Sri Lanka officials said at least 52 guerrillas and 38 soldiers were killed and hundreds more wounded as Tamil separatists reported repulsing a Sri Lankan offensive ahead of key local elections. The defense ministry said its forces killed more than 100 Tigers and reported losing 43 soldiers, with another 33 missing in action. It was the security forces' biggest loss in a single offensive since October 2006. Later reports said at least 165 government soldiers were killed and 20 more left missing in the battle with Tamil separatists.
    (AP, 4/23/08)(AFP, 4/24/08)(AFP, 4/25/08)
2008        Apr 23, Switzerland said it had frozen the assets of a further 12 Iranian companies in accordance with new UN sanctions aimed at stopping Tehran's alleged nuclear program.
    (AP, 4/23/08)
2008        Apr 23, Syria handed over a trove of some 700 looted artifacts to Iraq after seizing the items from traffickers since the US-led invasion that toppled Saddam Hussein.
    (AP, 4/24/08)
2008        Apr 23, In Turkmenistan Pres. Berdymukhamedov abolished the calendar introduced by his late predecessor, Saparmurat Niyazov, who named months after himself and his parents as part of an elaborate personality cult.
    (AP, 4/24/08)
2008        Apr 23, The UN nuclear monitoring agency announced what it called a "milestone" agreement with Iran that aims to provide answers about allegations that Tehran tried to develop nuclear weapons.
    (AP, 4/23/08)
2008        Apr 23, Venezuela’s President Hugo Chavez joined with his leftist allies to create a $100 million program to fight the rising cost of food for Latin America's poor.
    (AP, 4/24/08)
2008        Apr 23, Zimbabwe state media reported the first results from an election recount under way showing President Robert Mugabe's party has won an additional parliamentary seat. The recount in Goromonzi concluded with just a one-vote difference from the original count from the poll, giving the seat to Mugabe's ZANU-PF party,
    (AP, 4/23/08)

2008        Apr 24, It was reported that the US military’s health insurance program has been swindled out of more than $100 million over the past decade in bogus claims filed in the Philippines, where US bases were closed in 1992.
    (SFC, 4/24/08, p.A4)
2008        Apr 24, Film star Wesley Snipes was sentenced to 3 years in prison for willfully failing to file tax returns.
    (SFC, 4/25/08, p.A4)
2008        Apr 24, UC Berkeley officials defended an arrangement that allowed campus Police Chief Victoria Harrison (54) to retire last year with a $2.1 million package and then return to the same job for more money.
    (SFC, 4/25/08, p.B1)
2008        Apr 24, The Washington-based Cato Institute announced that Yon Goicoechea (23), a law student in Venezuela, was winner of the $500,000 Milton Friedman Prize for Advancing Liberty. Goicoechea took a central role last year in rallying students to oppose what he sees as threats to personal liberties and democracy in Venezuela.
    (AP, 4/24/08)
2008        Apr 24, It was reported that surviving members of the Grateful Dead band have decided to give the group’s archives to the US Santa Cruz library.
    (WSJ, 4/24/08, p.A4)
2008        Apr 24, James Day (89), co-founder of San Francisco’s KQED TV station (1954), died in NYC. In 1995 he published “The Vanishing Vision: The Inside Story of Public Television."
    (SFC, 4/30/08, p.B9)
2008        Apr 24, In Argentina authorities detained Luis Abelardo Patti, a politician and former police officer targeted in a Dirty War-era human rights probe in Argentina, just hours after Congress barred him from taking up a seat that would have afforded him immunity.
    (AP, 4/25/08)
2008        Apr 24, In Bolivia a packed SUV collided with a group of cyclists on Bolivia's "Highway of Death," killing 9 people, including a British man who was the second foreign tourist to die this week along the notorious road.
    (AP, 4/24/08)
2008        Apr 24, In England police in Leeds found Damien Oldfield (33) stabbed to death. Anthony Morley (36) attacked Damien Oldfield (33) during a night the pair spent together at Morley's home. Morley slit Oldfield's throat as he lay in his bed, stabbed him repeatedly and cooked some of his flesh. On Oct 20 Morley was sentenced to a minimum of 30 years in prison.
    (AP, 10/20/08)(http://tinyurl.com/6nw7hx)
2008        Apr 24, Canada’s British Columbia province shut the door on exploring for radioactive minerals, saying companies cannot claim rights to them even if the discovery is by accident.
    (Reuters, 4/24/08)
2008        Apr 24, China said a shipment of arms bound for Zimbabwe will be recalled after South African workers refused to unload the vessel and other neighboring countries barred it from their ports.
    (Reuters, 4/24/08)
2008        Apr 24, Ethiopia launched a commodities exchange market, aimed at boosting fair trade and stabilizing its food market.
    (AP, 4/24/08)
2008        Apr 24, In Honduras gunmen ambushed and killed Altagracia Fuentes (60), the leader of Honduras' largest workers federation and two traveling companions.
    (AP, 4/25/08)
2008        Apr 24, Britain's foreign secretary held talks with Iraqi PM Nouri al-Maliki. PM al-Maliki said all political blocs have agreed to return to the government. At least 13 people were reported killed in the ongoing fighting between Shiite militiamen and Iraqi and US-led forces. A US soldier was killed in a roadside bombing south of Baghdad.
    (AP, 4/24/08)(AP, 4/25/08)(WSJ, 4/25/08, p.A1)
2008        Apr 24, An Israeli airstrike in Gaza wounded three militants and tanks were moving toward the area. Hamas proposed a six-month cease-fire with Israel, saying it will stop firing rockets out of Gaza if the Jewish state simultaneously lifts its blockade of the coastal strip.
    (AP, 4/24/08)(AFP, 4/24/08)
2008        Apr 24, Nepal's former communist rebels were declared the biggest party in a new governing assembly. While the Maoists won't have a majority, they are expected to usher in sweeping changes for the poor Himalayan nation.
    (AP, 4/24/08)
2008        Apr 24, In Nigeria members of a white-collar union working for Mobil Producing Nigeria (MPN), an affiliate of US oil group ExxonMobil, began an indefinite strike over pay and working conditions. MEND fighters sabotaged a Royal Dutch Shell oil pipeline in southern Rivers State.
    (AP, 4/24/08)(AP, 4/25/08)
2008        Apr 24, Sri Lanka carried out retaliatory air strikes against Tamil Tiger rebels, a day after intense artillery battles left hundreds killed or wounded, according to officials on both sides.
    (AFP, 4/24/08)
2008        Apr 24, Syria dismissed US accusations that North Korea was helping it build a nuclear reactor that could produce plutonium. Israeli warplanes bombed a site in Syria on Sept. 6, 2007, that private analysts said appeared to have been the site of a reactor, based on commercial satellite imagery taken after the raid. Syria later razed the site.
    (AP, 4/24/08)
2008        Apr 24, Taiwan's Supreme Court cleared the island's president-elect Ma Ying-jeou of corruption charges, delivering a final ruling in the high-profile case less than a month before he takes office.
    (AFP, 4/24/08)
2008        Apr 24, Elections were held in Tonga as part of its transition to full democracy.
    (Econ, 5/3/08, p.52)

2008        Apr 25, Wachovia Corp. agreed to pay as much as $144 million to settle an 18-month government investigation into its relationships with telemarketers that allegedly harmed 350,000 to 500,000 consumers.
    (WSJ, 4/26/08, p.A6)
2008        Apr 25, In San Diego a bomb exploded at the FedEx building. Another bomb exploded at a downtown San Diego courthouse on May 4. There were no injuries in either of the early morning bombings. On August 6 authorities indicted 3 people: Rachelle Carlock, Ella Louise Sanders and Eric Reginald Robinson, for both bombings. On Feb 16, 2013, Donny Love (46) was sentenced to 55 years in prison for allegedly masterminding the bombings.
    (SFC, 8/7/08, p.A7)(SSFC, 2/17/13, p.A12)
2008        Apr 25, Near San Diego, Ca., a shark killed triathlete David Martin (66) at Solano Beach.
    (AP, 4/26/08)
2008        Apr 25, In Chicago a tractor trailer that witnesses said didn't seem to slow down rammed into a crowded bus shelter and a Chicago Transit Authority train station during the evening rush hour, killing two people and injuring more than a dozen.
    (AP, 4/26/08)
2008        Apr 25, Enrico Donati (99), Italian-born American painter, died in Manhattan. He was considered by many to be the last of the Surrealists. Donati had also served as chairman and CEO of Houbignant Inc., one of the oldest purveyors of French perfumes. He had bought the company in 1965.
    (SFC, 4/29/08, p.B5)
2008        Apr 25, Some 50 Taliban attacked Afghan police at Charbaran in Paktika province. The police called in American help and American helicopters broke the attack. Several insurgents were later tracked by drones and killed.
    (Econ, 5/24/08, p.37)
2008        Apr 25, Police swarmed a Rio de Janeiro slum in search of a drug lord, touching off a shootout that killed 11 people including a 70-year-old woman. Two bystanders were wounded. Emival Barbosa Machado (50), an Amazon farmer who received death threats after reporting illegal logging to authorities, was shot to death as he left his house in Tucurui.
    (AP, 4/26/08)
2008        Apr 25, China's government agreed to a meeting with an envoy of exiled Tibetan leader the Dalai Lama, a step that follows weeks of calls from world leaders for dialogue in the wake of anti-government protests in Tibet.
    (AP, 4/25/08)
2008        Apr 25, China banned a controversial type of irreversible brain surgery used to treat schizophrenia.
    (WSJ, 4/28/08, p.A11)
2008        Apr 25, Iranians voted in parliamentary run-off elections expected to leave conservatives firmly in control because most reformist candidates were barred from running.
    (AP, 4/25/08)
2008        Apr 25, Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr called for an end to clashes between his militia fighters and Iraqi troops, saying that his threat of an "open war" applied only to US-led foreign forces. The US military said American and Iraqi forces killed 10 militants in overnight clashes in northeastern Baghdad. Local hospital officials said 7 people, including two women, were killed and 45 others were wounded in the clashes.
    (AP, 4/25/08)
2008        Apr 25, In Japan protesters waved the Tibetan flag and denounced China's rulers as the Beijing Olympic torch arrived for the latest leg of a worldwide relay marred by demonstrations.
    (AP, 4/25/08)
2008        Apr 25, In northwestern Pakistan a car bomb killed three people, despite calls from Taliban leaders asking Islamic militants to refrain from attacks amid efforts by the new government to reach peace deals in the region.
    (AP, 4/25/08)
2008        Apr 25, A Palestinian militant shot and killed two Israeli security guards at a factory along the divide between Israel and the West Bank. The attacker was lightly wounded in an exchange of gunfire but managed to escape.
    (AP, 4/25/08)
2008        Apr 25, In Sri Lanka a bomb in a bus baggage rack exploded outside Colombo killing 24 people and wounding 40.
    (SFC, 4/26/08, p.A3)
2008        Apr 25, Turkish warplanes and artillery units struck Kurdish rebels in northern Iraq who were preparing to cross the border to carry out attacks. The strikes continued the next day.
    (AP, 4/26/08)
2008        Apr 25, In Zimbabwe heavily armed police swooped down on opposition headquarters and independent election observers' offices, arresting hundreds and beating and shoving scores of people.
    (AP, 4/25/08)

2008        Apr 26, Eos Airlines, a business-class carrier launched in 2005, filed for bankruptcy. It ceased operations the next day.
    (SFC, 4/28/08, p.A4)
2008        Apr 26, A wildfire broke out in southern California, 10 miles northeast of Pasadena. Officials the next day said that it has scorched 270 acres and forced the evacuation of about 100 homes in neighborhoods might not be under control for days.
    (AP, 4/27/08)
2008        Apr 26, In South Carolina, Nathaniel Dickson (18) was arrested for the shooting of his father (46), stepmother, stepsister and younger brother. The family was found shot dead earlier in the day at their home just outside of Easley, SC.
    (SFC, 4/28/08, p.A4)
2008        Apr 26, Henry Brant (b.1913), Canada-born composer, died in Santa Barbara. He was a pioneer in the use of spatial effects and his work included “Ice Field," which premiered in SF in December 2001. It won him the 2002 Pulitzer Prize for Music.
    (SFC, 4/29/08, p.B5)
2008        Apr 26, In Austria police found a woman (42), missing since 1984, in the town of Amstetten following a tip. Elisabeth said her father, Josef Fritzl, had kept her captive in a cellar for almost 24 years, that he had repeatedly raped her, and that she gave birth to 7 children, one of whom later died. In November Fritzl (73) was charged with murder as well as rape, incest, false imprisonment and slavery. On March 18, 2009, Fritzl pleaded guilty to all charges against him, including homicide, after his daughter appeared unexpectedly in the courtroom. On March 19 Fritzl was convicted of homicide and sentenced him to life imprisonment in a secure psychiatric facility.
    (AP, 4/27/08)(AP, 11/13/08)(AP, 3/18/09)(AP, 3/19/09)
2008        Apr 26, In Canada transit workers in Toronto went on strike after rejecting a tentative contract deal, shutting down bus, streetcar and subway service in Canada's most populous city.
    (Reuters, 4/26/08)
2008        Apr 26, In Iran according to final results Conservatives consolidated their control of the legislature in runoff elections but moderates within the bloc opposed to President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad emerged as a stronger force.
    (AP, 4/26/08)
2008        Apr 26, Clashes continued in the Mahdi Army stronghold of Sadr City, a sprawling district in northeastern Baghdad, although they did not appear as fierce in recent days. Hospital officials said 8 bodies were received of people killed in overnight fighting. 12 other people, including a schoolboy, were wounded early in the day. 3 suicide car bombers also targeted Iraqi security forces, killing at least 7 people in Mosul. Another suicide car bomber struck a police patrol elsewhere in the city, killing 4 people and wounding 7.
    (AP, 4/26/08)
2008        Apr 26, Israeli forces entered a northern Gaza town and seized a local Hamas leader from his home amid heavy fighting with Palestinian gunmen. The wanted man's 14-year-old daughter was killed in the clashes.
    (AP, 4/26/08)
2008        Apr 26, In Mexico running gunbattles between suspected drug traffickers broke out on the streets of the border city of Tijuana, killing 13 people and wounding nine.
    (AP, 4/26/08)
2008        Apr 26, In Morocco fire broke out at a mattress factory in Casablanca, killing at least 55 people, and fire-fighters were still searching the smoldering building for more bodies.
    (Reuters, 4/26/08)(AFP, 4/27/08)
2008        Apr 26, The Spanish government said the 26 crew members onboard the Playa de Bakio fishing boat, hijacked by pirates off the coast of Somalia nearly a week ago, have been freed. A maritime official said it was freed after a 1.2 million-dollar ransom was paid.
    (AP, 4/26/08)(AP, 4/27/08)
2008        Apr 26, In Sri Lanka the defense ministry said a total of 54 Tiger guerrillas were killed in separate clashes with security forces and heavy ground fighting was continuing. The ministry said seven troops were also killed.
    (AFP, 4/27/08)
2008        Apr 26, Turkey's PM Erdogan was in Syria in a bid to restart peace negotiations between Damascus and its Mideast foe, Israel.
    (AP, 4/26/08)
2008        Apr 26, Official results showed Zimbabwe's main opposition movement has won a historic victory over President Robert Mugabe's ruling party, but the outcome of the presidential vote remained unknown.
    (AP, 4/26/08)

2008        Apr 27, It was made public that Mars Inc. of McLean, Va., together with Berkshire Hathaway had agreed to acquire Wrigley Co. of Chicago, Ill., for about $23 billion. The deal closed on Oct 6.
    (WSJ, 4/29/08, p.A1)(SFC, 10/7/08, p.D2)
2008        Apr 27, In Arizona a truck jammed with as many as 60 illegal immigrants crashed near Arizona City killing 4 people.
    (SFC, 4/28/08, p.A3)
2008        Apr 27, In San Ramon, Ca., Kashmir Billon (42), a mortgage lender, was shot and killed. On May 1 Reginald Robinson (31) was charged with the murder. They were involved in a deal to sell a home to a fictitious person and leave a bank holding the bag.
    (SFC, 5/2/08, p.B1)(SFC, 5/8/08, p.B1)
2008        Apr 27, Hal Stein, veteran jazz saxophonist and teacher, died at his home in Oakland, Ca. His career spanned the swing and bebop eras of jazz.
    (SFC, 5/6/08, p.B5)
2008        Apr 27, Suspected Taliban militants attacked the Mujahideen Day parade attended by the Afghan president, unleashing automatic weapons fire that sent foreign dignitaries and senior members of the government fleeing for cover. 3 people, including a lawmaker, were killed and 8 were wounded. Pres. Karzai later appeared on television saying several suspects in the attack had been arrested. The Afghan government later accused the Pakistani intelligence service of organizing the plot to assassinate Pres. Karzai. Taliban militants attacked an Australian patrol with automatic rifles and rocket propelled grenades in southern Afghanistan, and the ensuing battle left one of the commandos dead and four others wounded.
    (AP, 4/27/08)(Econ, 5/3/08, p.50)(SFC, 6/26/08, p.A10)
2008        Apr 27, President Rene Preval chose Ericq Pierre, an international banking official, to be the troubled country's next prime minister.
    (AP, 4/27/08)
2008        Apr 27, Iraq's PM al-Maliki met with the Sunni Arab vice president to discuss reintegrating Sunni political parties into the Shiite-dominated government. Police said five people died in violence in Baghdad. Elsewhere in Baghdad, a suicide car bomber blew himself up at a security checkpoint in the eastern neighborhood of Zayouna killing three people and injuring nine. Shiite extremists lobbed rockets or mortar shells at the US protected Green Zone as American and Iraqi troops engaged militants in the most violent clashes in weeks in Baghdad. Abrams tanks were used to repel attacks on two army checkpoints, killing 22 militants in one clash. 16 other militants were killed in separate firefights. A US military statement said an unmanned drone had killed a total of five militants using Hellfire missiles in three separate engagements.
    (AP, 4/27/08)(AP, 4/28/08)
2008        Apr 27, A summit aimed at kick-starting Maghreb economic integration was disrupted when Moroccan and Algerian government ministers clashed over the disputed Western Sahara region.
    (AFP, 4/28/08)
2008        Apr 27, Hundreds of workers at Scotland's only oil refinery began a 48-hour strike. This forced BP PLC to shut a pipeline system that delivers almost a third of Britain's North Sea oil.
    (AP, 4/27/08)
2008        Apr 27, A North Korean defector tried to set himself on fire to halt the Olympic torch relay through Seoul, while thousands of police guarded the flame from protesters blasting China's treatment of North Korean refugees. A North Korean soldier defected to South Korea for the first time in a decade across the heavily fortified border dividing the countries.
    (AP, 4/27/08)(AP, 4/28/08)
2008        Apr 27, In Sri Lanka Tiger rebels used aircraft to bomb military targets, dealing a psychological blow to security forces, as the two sides fought heavy ground battles.
    (AFP, 4/27/08)
2008        Apr 27, In Sudan China’s state-owned China Water and Electric Corp (CWE) and Sino-Hydro signed a 400-million dollar (255-million euro) deal to raise the height of Sudan's oldest dam, in the southern Blue Nile state.
    (AFP, 4/27/08)

2008        Apr 28, The US Supreme Court upheld Indian’s voter-ID law, passed in 2005. It ruled that states can require voters to produce photo identification without violating their constitutional rights, validating Republican-inspired voter ID laws.
    (AP, 4/28/08)(WSJ, 4/29/08, p.A1)(Econ, 5/3/08, p.40)
2008        Apr 28, The IRS began depositing tax-rebate checks in thousands of bank accounts as the US stimulus program began early.
    (WSJ, 4/29/08, p.A1)
2008        Apr 28, In Washington truck drivers honked horns, waved placards and shouted through bullhorns at the Capitol to protest rising fuel prices they say are hurting their livelihood.
    (AP, 4/29/08)
2008        Apr 28, In Oakland, Ca., a jury convicted Hans Reiser, a computer programmer, of 1st degree murder in the death his wife Nina Reiser, even though her body has not been found.
    (SFC, 4/29/08, p.A1)
2008        Apr 28, In South Carolina the new 140-acre Hard Rock Park opened for business in Myrtle Beach. The official opening was set for May 9. The park closed in September. On Jan 6, 2009, a Delaware court approved a request the company to begin liquidating. Private investors had put up some $75 million for the park and raised another $320 million in debt to fund the operation.
    (WSJ, 1/7/09, p.B1)(www.oceancreek.com/blog/hard-rock-park/2008/04/)
2008        Apr 28, In southeast Virginia 6 destructive tornadoes resulted in much devastation and over 200 injuries but no deaths. Gov. Timothy Kaine declared a state of emergency in the hardest hit areas.
    (AP, 4/29/08)(SFC, 4/30/08, p.A3)
2008        Apr 28, In Australia police in Perth arrested Robert Agius (58) on charges of running a money laundering scheme that helped clients avoid taxes by transferring $93 million through offshore bank accounts.
    (AP, 4/28/08)
2008        Apr 28, In China a policeman and a Tibetan activist were killed following a raid against ethnic Tibetans in Qinghai province.
    (WSJ, 5/1/08, p.A11)
2008        Apr 28, In eastern China a high-speed passenger train jumped its tracks and slammed into another train, killing 72 people and injuring 416 in China's worst train accident in a decade.
    (AP, 4/28/08)(AP, 7/24/11)
2008        Apr 28, Egypt’s official MENA news agency reported that PM Ahmed Nazif has urged anyone who can resolve the nationwide problem of price rises to come forward with ideas.
    (AFP, 4/28/08)
2008        Apr 28, In Indonesia hundreds of protesters in West Java province chanted "Kill, kill" and set fire to a mosque belonging to the Muslim Ahmadiyah sect they claim is heretical. Last week, a team of prosecutors, religious scholars and government officials said the sect "had deviated from Islamic principles" and recommended it be outlawed.
    (AP, 4/28/08)
2008        Apr 28, Iran and Russia discussed the outlines of "serious proposals" aimed at assuring the international community that Tehran's nuclear program is peaceful, state media reported.
    (AP, 4/28/08)
2008        Apr 28, Shiite extremists lobbed more rockets or mortar shells at the US protected Green Zone. A suicide attacker on a motorcycle struck a checkpoint manned by US-allied Sunni fighters in eastern Baghdad, killing at least one and wounding four other members of the awakening council. Gunmen killed a local commander of al-Sadr, Ali Ghalib, in Basra. US soldiers killed 7 extremists in Sadr City after coming under small arms fire. 4 US soldiers were killed in Baghdad by rocket or mortar fire.
    (AP, 4/28/08)(SFC, 4/29/08, p.A5)
2008        Apr 28, An Israeli tank shell slammed into a tiny Gaza Strip home during a skirmish with gunmen, killing a Palestinian woman and four of her children as they prepared to sit down for breakfast. A militant and an unidentified man were also killed in fighting in Beit Hanoun, a northern border town frequently used by militants to fire rockets and mortars at southern Israel.
    (AP, 4/28/08)
2008        Apr 28, Residents of Rome elected Gianni Alemanno, the Italian capital's first right-wing mayor since World War II. He took 53.6 percent of the vote to 46.3 percent for Francesco Rutelli, a former two-time center-left Rome mayor.
    (AP, 4/29/08)(Econ, 5/3/08, p.61)
2008        Apr 28, In Morocco 3 people burned to death in a factory fire in Casablanca.
    (AFP, 4/29/08)
2008        Apr 28, Baitullah Mehsud, a Pakistani Taliban commander, pulled out of a peace deal with the government after it refused to withdraw the army from tribal lands on the Afghan border.
    (Reuters, 4/28/08)
2008        Apr 28, Russia ordered two American military attaches at the US Embassy in Moscow to leave the country following the expulsion of a pair of Russian diplomats from Washington. One Russian military officer was ordered to leave Washington in November last year. The second was ordered to leave on April 22.
    (AP, 5/8/08)
2008        Apr 28, Sri Lanka hailed Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's visit as an important step in cementing closer ties between the two nations.
    (AP, 4/28/08)
2008        Apr 28, A Ukrainian helicopter crashed onto an offshore drilling platform in the Black Sea, killing all 20 people on board.
    (Reuters, 4/28/08)
2008        Apr 28, Officials said Vietnam is ending a child adoption agreement with the United States after being accused of allowing baby-selling and corruption.
    (AP, 4/28/08)
2008        Apr 28, The Olympic torch arrived in Vietnam from North Korea, where tens of thousands of citizens were mobilized to celebrate the relay in Pyongyang in the flame's first visit to the authoritarian nation.
    (AP, 4/29/08)
2008        Apr 28, Lawyers in Zimbabwe appealed for the release of some 200 jailed opposition activists as officials defied pressure from the West to release the results of last month's presidential election.
    (AP, 4/28/08)

2008        Apr 29, Sen. Barack Obama, US presidential candidate, angrily repudiated Rev. Jeremiah Wright, his former pastor, for his recent remarks on race and US foreign policy.
    (WSJ, 4/30/08, p.A1)
2008        Apr 29, California’s Gov. Gov. Schwarzenegger said the state deficit could grow to as much as $20 billion.
    (SFC, 4/30/08, p.A1)
2008        Apr 29, James Woodward (55) walked out of a Dallas court after DNA testing overturned his conviction over 27 years ago for the murder and rape of his girlfriend.
    (Reuters, 4/30/08)
2008        Apr 29, The videogame “Grand Theft Auto IV," produced by Take-Two Interactive Software, hit the stores with expectations of record sales. First week sales topped $50 million.
    (WSJ, 4/29/08, p.B7)(WSJ, 5/8/08, p.B8)
2008        Apr 29, In Afghanistan a suicide bomb tore through a team preparing to eradicate opium poppy fields, killing at least 19 people and injuring over 40 others in eastern Nangarhar province. 12 police officers were among the dead.
    (AFP, 4/29/08)(SFC, 4/30/08, p.A2)
2008        Apr 29, Australia's government promised to spend about $2.9 billion to buy river water from farmers in a bid to address the country's worst drought in a century.
    (AP, 4/29/08)
2008        Apr 29, A Chinese court jailed 30 people for terms ranging from three years to life for their roles in Tibet's deadly riots, which triggered anti-China protests across the globe ahead of the Beijing Olympics.
    (AP, 4/29/08)
2008        Apr 29, In China a newspaper reported that thousands of children in southwest China have been sold into slavery like "cabbages," to work as laborers in more prosperous areas such as the booming southern province of Guangdong.
    (Reuters, 4/29/08)
2008        Apr 29, Colombia police killed Victor Manuel Mejia in a raid at his ranch hideout. The government initially said it was his brother Miguel Angel. Both were wanted for extradition to the United States, with US$5 million rewards for their capture. In 2009 Miguel Angel Mejia was extradited to the US on drug trafficking charges.
    (AP, 4/30/08)(SFC, 3/5/09, p.A2)
2008        Apr 29, Gastao Salsinha, the leader of a group of East Timor rebels accused of trying to assassinate President Jose Ramos-Horta, surrendered with 12 of his men, raising hopes that the troubled young nation can find some rare stability.
    (Reuters, 4/29/08)
2008        Apr 29, European nations failed to convince Lithuania to allow the EU to launch talks on a new partnership pact with Russia.
    (AFP, 4/29/08)
2008        Apr 29, EU nations signed a premembership trade-and-aid pact with Serbia to help pro-Western parties win elections. The deal would only be implemented if Belgrade fully cooperates with the Yugoslav war-crimes tribunal.
    (WSJ, 4/30/08, p.A11)
2008        Apr 29, A $7 billion gas pipeline that would link Iran and India topped the agenda as the Islamic republic's president made his first visit to New Delhi, despite strong US objections to the project.
    (AP, 4/30/08)
2008        Apr 29, In Iraq a roadside bomb hit Dhia Jodi Jaber, director general at the Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs, as he left his Baghdad home in his car. Militants killed the nephew of Maj. Gen. Abdul-Karim Khalaf, an Interior Ministry spokesman, and hanged the body from an electric pole in Baghdad. The attack was in apparent retaliation for the spokesman's role in a government crackdown against Shiite militias. US soldiers killed 28 militants during a four-hour firefight in Baghdad's Shiite militia stronghold of Sadr City. 2 US were killed soldiers in separate attacks in Baghdad.
    (AP, 4/29/08)(AP, 4/30/08)(SFC, 5/1/08, p.A2)
2008        Apr 29, Migrant rights activists applauded a vote by Mexico's Congress to remove long-standing criminal penalties for undocumented migrants found in the country. President Felipe Calderon's office declined to say whether he would sign the popular measure into law.
    (AP, 4/29/08)
2008        Apr 29, Human rights watchdog Amnesty International accused Mozambique police of killing and torturing people with impunity as the country struggles to deal with growing crime.
    (AP, 4/29/08)
2008        Apr 29, The International Criminal Court in The Hague published an arrest warrant for Bosco Ntaganda (35), known as "the Terminator," a Congo militia leader wanted for allegedly using child soldiers.
    (Reuters, 4/29/08)
2008        Apr 29, Russia announced it was beefing up its peacekeeping force in Georgia's breakaway Abkhazia and South Ossetia regions, saying it had evidence Tbilisi was readying its forces for an attack.
    (Reuters, 4/29/08)
2008        Apr 29, Workers returned to the Grangemouth refinery in central Scotland after a 48-hour strike that forced the closure of a major North Sea pipeline system.
    (AP, 4/29/08)
2008        Apr 29, An explosion in southwestern Somalia killed four Ethiopian troops and the subsequent gunfire killed two civilians.
    (AP, 4/29/08)
2008        Apr 29, Albert Hofmann (102), the father of the mind-altering drug LSD, died. His medical discovery inspired, and arguably corrupted, millions in the 1960s hippie generation. The Swiss chemist discovered lysergic acid diethylamide-25 in 1938 while studying the medicinal uses of a fungus found on wheat and other grains at the Sandoz pharmaceuticals firm in Basel. He became the first human guinea pig of the drug when a tiny amount of the substance seeped onto his finger during a laboratory experiment on April 16, 1943. Hofmann to LSD for the last time when he was 97.
    (AP, 4/30/08)(Econ, 5/31/08, p.21)
2008        Apr 29, In Taiwan the de facto US envoy assured incoming president Ma Ying-jeou that Washington will continue to back Taiwan militarily while it pushes for peace talks with China.
    (AP, 4/29/08)
2008        Apr 29, A power outage left wide swaths of Venezuela without electricity, including much of the capital. The blackout was caused by a forest fire that overheated power lines in the central state of Guarico.
    (AP, 4/29/08)

2008        Apr 30, The US Federal Reserve cut interest rates for a 7th time in 8 months, but signaled that the rate-cutting may be nearing an end. The federal funds rate was lowered to 2% from 2.25%.
    (WSJ, 5/1/08, p.A1)
2008        Apr 30, Scientists at Hewlett-Packard said they have discovered a fourth basic type of electrical circuit that could lead to a computer you never have to boot up. The three fundamental elements of a passive circuit included resistors, capacitors and inductors. In 1971 Leon Chua of the University of California at Berkeley, theorized there should be a fourth called a memory resistor, or memristor, which remembers the direction and the amount of charge that flows through it.
    (Reuters, 5/1/08)(SFC, 5/1/08, p.C1)
2008        Apr 30, Afghan security forces raided a Kabul hide-out where militants with suspected links to the attack on President Hamid Karzai were holed up. Seven people died in the pre-dawn raid, including a child.
    (AP, 4/30/08)
2008        Apr 30, Attorney General Robert McClelland said Australian gay and lesbian couples will have the same rights as heterosexuals under new laws but marriage will remain off limits.
    (AFP, 4/30/08)
2008        Apr 30, Western Australia state police raided the Perth offices of the Sunday Times, which is published by Australia's largest newspaper publisher, Rupert Murdoch's News Limited. Staff said police were searching for the source of a leak that led to a story alleging the state government planned to use 16 million dollars (14.9 million US) in taxpayer funds on an advertising campaign to help its re-election.
    (AFP, 5/1/08)
2008        Apr 30, Canada pledged an extra C$50 million ($49.5 million) for international food aid and said it would also allow its money to be used to buy food abroad and not tie it to purchases of Canadian produce.
    (AP, 4/30/08)
2008        Apr 30, Syncrude Canada's operations were under investigation by environmental regulators after as many as 500 birds landed in the waste water in the oil sands region of northern Alberta.
    (Reuters, 5/1/08)
2008        Apr 30, The Olympic torch returned to Chinese soil after a turbulent 20-nation tour, landing in the bustling financial capital of Hong Kong where officials deported at least seven activists before the flame's arrival.
    (AP, 4/30/08)
2008        Apr 30, In Egypt state news agency MENA said Palestinian factions meeting in Cairo for talks with Egyptian security officials have agreed to an Egyptian proposal for a truce with Israel starting in the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 4/30/08)
2008        Apr 30, Baghdad sent a delegation to Tehran with "evidence, confessions and pictures" indicating that Iran is supplying weapons and training fighters who are locked in a violent standoff with US and Iraqi troops. PM al-Maliki accused the Mahdi Army of using civilians as human shields, and vowed to continue the crackdown against militias. 2 people were killed and 16 wounded overnight in Sadr City. Clashes in Baghdad killed at least 25 people. 3 US soldiers were killed in Baghdad. A US soldier was killed by an explosion in Ninevah province.
    (AP, 4/30/08)(AP, 5/1/08)(SFC, 5/1/08, p.A2)
2008        Apr 30, Ethiopian troops allied to Somalia's shaky government opened fire on civilians in a street in southwestern Somalia, killing 13 after an explosion there killed two soldiers.
    (AP, 4/30/08)
2008        Apr 30, An official said Nepal will give the families of the 13,000 people killed in the country's decade-long civil war more than 1,500 dollars each in compensation.
    (AP, 4/30/08)
2008        Apr 30, In Niger a summit of nine west African states convened in Niamey to consider a proposed 20-year, 5.5 billion euro (8.6 billion dollar) program to rescue the Niger River from extinction and guarantee the future of 110 million people.
    (AFP, 4/30/08)
2008        Apr 30, In the southern Philippines troops captured a camp that housed a bomb-making factory of al-Qaida-linked militants after heavy fighting.
    (AP, 4/30/08)
2008        Apr 30, It was reported that the value of spinner dolphin teeth in the Solomon Islands has appreciated 400% in the last year from about .065 US cents to 26 US cents. Dolphin teeth have been used there for centuries as currency.
    (WSJ, 4/30/08, p.A1)
2008        Apr 30, The UN Security Council voted unanimously to extend the UN peacekeeping mission in southern Sudan and called for demarcation of the contested oil-rich border region between the north and south.
    (AP, 5/1/08)
2008        Apr 30, President Hugo Chavez ordered the expropriation of Sidor, Venezuela's largest steel maker, after attempts by the government to acquire a majority stake in the company failed. Chavez said Venezuela will turn Siderurgica del Orinoco, which was controlled by Luxembourg-based Ternium SA., into "a socialist company."
    (AP, 5/1/08)
2008        Apr 30, Zimbabwe said it has decided to float its local currency on foreign exchange markets in an attempt to eliminate speculation on the black market. Farmers tore up their tobacco crop in protest on the auction floors of Harare as state price controls to combat hyperinflation threatened to wipe out their profits. An unidentified senior official with Zimbabwe's ruling ZANU-PF party said results from the March 29 election gave opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai 47% of the votes while Mugabe trailed with 43%.
    (AP, 4/30/08)(AP, 5/1/08)

2008        Apr, The US government halted a family reunification resettlement program for East Africans after DNA testing revealed widespread fraud.
    (WSJ, 8/19/08, p.A3)
2008        Apr, According to the US Coast Guard 36 Cubans died at sea this month while attempting to reach the US. Some 3,846 Cubans had made the trip over the last 8 months with about 40% intercepted at sea.
    (Econ, 6/14/08, p.50)
2008        Apr, In Lufkin, Texas, nurse Kimberly Saenz (34) injected 10 patients at a dialysis clinic with bleach killing five of them. In 2009 she was charged with murder and assault. In 2012 Saenz was sentenced to life in prison with no chance for parole.
    (SFC, 4/2/09, p.A7)(SFC, 4/3/12, p.A7)
2008        Apr, Colton Harris-Moore (17) escaped from a juvenile detention center in Washington state. He had logged his first criminal conviction at age 12 and continued to evade authorities with burglaries and robberies in Canada.
    (SSFC, 10/18/09, p.A17)
2008        Apr, In southern England Isa Ibrahim (19), a British Muslim convert, was arrested for planning a bomb attack at the Broadmead shopping mall in Bristol. In 2009 he was sentenced to a minimum of 10 years in jail.
    (AP, 7/17/09)
2008        Apr, In Cyprus human bones from mass graves of some 100 individuals dating back 30-40 years were laid out for relatives to collect for reburial. Almost 1500 Greek-Cypriots and some 500 Turkish-Cypriots had long been listed as missing persons.
    (Econ, 4/19/08, p.71)
2008        Apr, In Namibia a 16th-century Portuguese trade vessel was found by chance as mine workers created an artificial sand wall with bulldozers to push back the sea for diamond dredging. Six bronze cannons, several tons of copper, huge elephant tusks, pewter tableware, navigational instruments, and a variety of weapons including swords, sabres and knives were soon tugged out of the beach sand. Over 2,300 gold coins weighing some 21 kilograms (46 pounds) and 1.5 kilograms of silver coins were also found.
    (AP, 9/29/08)
2008        Apr, The Nikki Beach Resort & Spa opened In the Turks and Caicos Islands. In 2009 the exclusive resort that catered to celebrities and offered personal butlers and a pillow menu closed after less than two years of operation.
    (AP, 9/12/09)
2008        Apr, The population of Vietnam was about 85 million.
    (Econ, 4/26/08, SR p.3)

2008        May 1, Pres. Bush proposed $770 million in US food aid on top of $200 million released 2 weeks ago to alleviate the global surge in food prices.
    (WSJ, 5/2/08, p.A1)
2008        May 1, Pres. Bush imposed new sanctions against property owned or controlled by the military junta in Myanmar.
    (WSJ, 5/2/08, p.A8)
2008        May 1, The National Marine Fishery Service announced a ban on fishing for chinook salmon in the ocean off California and most of Oregon.
    (SFC, 5/2/08, p.B2)
2008        May 1, Philadelphia’s Police Commissioner Charles H. Ramsey announced a major reorganization of the department's command structure and the addition of nearly 250 officers on street patrols, part of a crime-fighting strategy he said was already showing results. Mayor Michael Nutter and the police commissioner had hoped to have 200 more police officers on the streets by this time as part of a new 33-page crime-fighting plan. Murders in the city had reached 392 in 2007. Gov. Ed Rendell agreed to help foot the bill.
    (Econ, 2/9/08, p.33)(http://ydr.inyork.com/ci_9120792)
2008        May 1, A report by the American Lung Association said the eight metropolitan areas considered to be the nation's most polluted by every measure were Los Angeles, Bakersfield, Fresno, Visalia-Porterfield and Hanford-Corcoran, all in California; Washington-Baltimore; St. Louis; and Birmingham, Ala.
    (AP, 5/1/08)
2008        May 1, Deborah Palfrey (b.1956), a woman from Vallejo, Ca., known as the “D.C. Madam," was found hanged at her mother’s home in Tarpon Springs, Fl. She had been convicted on April 15 of racketeering and other charges related to a prostitution ring, whose clients included high profile government officials.
    (SFC, 5/2/08, p.A13)
2008        May 1, In Afghanistan 2 roadside bombs killed a NATO soldier and 8 civilians.
    (WSJ, 5/2/08, p.A1)
2008        May 1, In Australia 6 people were killed in Sydney Harbor when a boat packed with revelers on a nighttime joyride and a fishing trawler collided.
    (Reuters, 5/1/08)(AP, 5/2/08)
2008        May 1, Bolivia’s President Evo Morales celebrated May Day by announcing the nationalization of Entel, the country’s leading telecommunications company, and returning four foreign-owned natural gas companies to state control. Bolivia privatized the struggling Entel in 1995, handing 50 percent of the company to Stet International in exchange for the Italian company's promise to invest $608 million to modernize its services. Stet later merged with Telecom Italia. The Bolivian government said Telecom Italia fell short on promised investment and owes some $25 million in taxes.
    (AP, 5/1/08)
2008        May 1, Pascal Marlinge, the country head of Save the Children UK in Chad, was shot dead by gunmen who held up his three-car convoy between the villages of Forchana and Hadjer Hadid, not far from the border with Sudan's Darfur region. UN aid agencies suspended all but their most urgent work in eastern Chad for two days in a "symbolic protest."
    (Reuters, 5/2/08)
2008        May 1, China inaugurated one of the world's longest bridges, which will provide an important new route into Shanghai. The 36-kilometer (22-mile) structure connected Jiaxing city near Shanghai to the port city of Ningbo in the eastern province of Zhejiang.
    (AFP, 5/2/08)
2008        May 1, Cuba announced a major shake-up of its troubled farm sector on May Day, shifting control of the island's farms from officials at the Agriculture Ministry to more than 150 local councils.
    (AP, 5/1/08)
2008        May 1, A speeding tourist bus carrying dozens of Europeans and Canadians overturned, rolled off an embankment and burst into flames on a desert highway in Egypt's Sinai peninsula. At least nine passengers were killed and about 30 wounded.
    (AP, 5/1/08)
2008        May 1, Rescuers found the bodies of five French ski mountaineers who had been missing since the day before when they were swept away by an avalanche during an excursion on Punta Basei, a 10,000-foot peak in Italy's northwestern Alps.
    (AP, 5/1/08)
2008        May 1, In Hong Kong 18 people were killed and at least 44 injured when a coach taking elderly local residents to a religious ceremony overturned.
    (AP, 5/1/08)
2008        May 1, It was reported that Iran has stopped using dollars for oil deals as it seeks to reduce reliance on the US.
    (WSJ, 5/1/08, p.A1)
2008        May 1, A double suicide bombing killed at least 36 people during a wedding procession as people cheered the bride and groom in Balad Ruz, a town northeast of Baghdad. A car bomb aimed at a US patrol in Baghdad killed at least nine Iraqi civilians and wounded 26. A roadside bomb struck an Iraqi patrol car, killing two Iraqi soldiers in Mosul. 3 al-Qaida insurgents fired on US soldiers as they tried to stop a vehicle near Mosul. The soldiers returned fire, killing all three as well as the driver of the vehicle. The US military said it killed 18 militants overnight amid escalating fighting in the Shiite slum Sadr City. Around Iraq, at least 1,080 Iraqi civilians and security forces were killed nationwide last month, average of 36 a day, according to an AP tally, down from March's total of 1,269, or an average of 41 per day.
    (AP, 5/1/08)(AP, 5/2/08)
2008        May 1, Roberto Velasco, head of Mexico’s federal police organized crime division, was murdered. Police later said the murder was likely ordered by Arturo Beltran Leyva, a capo in the Sinaloa drug cartel.
    (Econ, 5/17/08, p.45)
2008        May 1, Russia said an extra contingent of its troops had begun arriving in Georgia's breakaway region of Abkhazia, a move Tbilisi said was an illegal act of military aggression.
    (AP, 5/1/08)
2008        May 1, An Islamic insurgent group said the US military killed Aden Hashi Ayro, a man believed to be the head of al-Qaida in Somalia, and 10 others in an airstrike overnight.
    (AP, 5/1/08)
2008        May 1, South Africa lifted a 13-year ban on killing elephants. The country had some 18,000 elephants.
    (WSJ, 5/2/08, p.A8)
2008        May 1, Three bombs exploded in Spain's Basque region. No one was injured in the blasts, which police said were carried out by the separatist group ETA.
    (AP, 5/1/08)
2008        May 1, In Sri Lanka suspected Tamil Tiger rebels set off a roadside mine, killing two police commandos, as violence raged on across the north.
    (AP, 5/1/08)
2008        May 1, A cabinet minister said a runoff will be necessary to decide Zimbabwe's presidential election, citing the government's own election results.
    (AP, 5/1/08)

2008        May 2, The US Federal Reserve and key European central banks announced a fresh offensive against a global credit crisis that has gridlocked lending and slowed the world economy.
    (AP, 5/2/08)
2008        May 2, Severe storms rolled across Arkansas and killed 8 people, including a teenager crushed by a tree while she slept in her bed. The deaths came after earlier storms seriously damaged homes and businesses in the Kansas City, Mo., area.
    (AP, 5/2/08)(AP, 5/3/08)
2008        May 2, Sami al-Haj, an Al-Jazeera cameraman, was released from US custody at Guantanamo Bay. he returned home to Sudan after six years of imprisonment that drew worldwide protests.
    (AP, 5/2/08)
2008        May 2, Britain's ruling Labor Party suffered its worst local election defeat on record. Labor won 24% of the votes, a warning to PM Brown that he must fix Britain’s credit crunch.
    (AP, 5/2/08)(WSJ, 5/3/08, p.A1)
2008        May 2, In Chechnya suspected Islamic militants clashed with police, killing two law enforcement officers. The rebel-linked Web site Kavkaz Center claimed that at least nine law enforcement officers were killed in a gunfight that lasted for four hours.
    (AP, 5/3/08)
2008        May 2, In southern Chile authorities evacuated hundreds of people from villages after the snowcapped Chaiten volcano, considered dormant for thousands of years, erupted.
    (AP, 5/3/08)
2008        May 2, Colombian police captured Miguel Angel Mejia, the second of two drug-trafficking twins who were among the country's main cocaine shippers.
    (AP, 5/2/08)
2008        May 2, In Cuba computers went on sale to the general public and potential consumers were lining up outside store windows to gawk and consider buying.
    (AP, 5/2/08)
2008        May 2, In Honduras 31 prisoners were attacked by their cellmates with knives and guns just hours after they were transferred to a prison in Tegucigalpa from San Pedro Sula. At least 18 inmates died in the attack.
    (AP, 5/4/08)
2008        May 2, Shiite clerics offered sharply different visions in the showdown between government forces and Shiite militias, one predicting that armed groups will be crushed in Baghdad and another calling for the prime minister to be prosecuted for crimes against his people. Al-Qaida insurgents, mostly Sunnis, raked a police car with automatic weapons, killing 8 Iraqi policemen in the town of Qaim on the Syrian border. 2 civilians were killed and 7 others wounded in Baghdad's central Salihiyah district after a mortar round apparently fired by Shiite extremists toward the US-protected Green Zone fell short. According to US military 10 militants were killed in fighting, including a sniper and a triggerman accused of planting armor-piercing roadside bombs in Sadr City and the adjacent Ubaydi area. A roadside bomb attack in eastern Baghdad killed a US soldier. A roadside explosion killed 4 Marines in western Anbar province.
    (AP, 5/2/08)(AP, 5/3/08)(AP, 5/4/08)
2008        May 2, A rebel spokesman said Turkish warplanes bombed Kurdish rebel bases deep inside Iraq for three hours overnight. The Turkish military said the raid in northern Iraq killed more than 150 Kurdish rebels.
    (AP, 5/2/08)(AP, 5/3/08)
2008        May 2, Nigeria’s high court ruled that former president Olusegun Obasanjo's daughter, Iyabo Obasanjo-Bello, currently in hiding, must face corruption charges.
    (AP, 5/2/08)
2008        May 2, A UN official said rising prices and funding shortages have forced the UN to stop providing emergency food aid to more than 13 percent of the 750,000 Palestinian refugees it feeds in Gaza.
    (AP, 5/2/08)
2008        May 2, In Saudi Arabia a German-based quartet staged the first-ever performance of European classical music in a public venue before a mixed gender, largely expatriate audience.
    (AP, 5/4/08)
2008        May 2, South Sudan's defense minister, Lieutenant General Dominic Dim Deng, was killed in a plane crash along with 23 other people, most of them senior members of the southern former rebel leadership.
    (AFP, 5/2/08)(AP, 5/3/08)
2008        May 2, In northern Yemen a motorcycle bomb exploded amid a crowd of worshippers leaving a mosque after prayers, killing at least 18 people and wounding about 45.
    (AP, 5/2/08)
2008        May 2, Zimbabwe elections officials said opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai won 47.9% of the vote in the presidential elections, more than longtime President Robert Mugabe but not enough to avoid a runoff. The opposition said it was willing to share power with the ruling party, but not with longtime President Robert Mugabe.
    (AP, 5/2/08)

2008        May 3, Big Brown pulled won the Kentucky Derby 4 3/4 lengths ahead of the filly Eight Belles, who was euthanized by injection on the track with 2 broken ankles.
    (AP, 5/4/08)
2008        May 3, In Berkeley, Ca., student Christopher Wootton (21) was stabbed to death during an off campus scuffle. In 2010 former student Andrew Hoeft-Edenfield (22) was convicted of 2nd degree murder and faced 16 years to life in prison. In 2010 Andrew Hoeft-Edenfield was sentenced to 16 years to life in prison. On Apr 29, 2014 a judge dismissed the 2nd degree murder charge against Hoeft-Edenfield and blasted his defense attorney as ineffective and arrogant.
    (SFC, 5/14/10, p.C4)(SFC, 6/11/10, p.C5)(SFC, 4/30/14, p.E3)
2008        May 3, In Philadelphia police officer Liczbinski was shot with an assault rifle after a robbery. One suspect was fatally shot by police soon after, another was arrested the next day and a third was captured May 7.
    (AP, 5/8/08)
2008        May 3, The Asian Development Bank, announced emergency funding to help poor countries struggling with rice prices that have nearly tripled in four months. The Manila-based organization made the announcement while meeting in Spain.
    (AP, 5/4/08)
2008        May 3, An embassy representative said 11 US diplomats have left Belarus after a row with the tightly controlled former Soviet state over human rights and sanctions.
    (AP, 5/3/08)
2008        May 3, Early results showed Boris Johnson defeating Ken Livingstone as mayor of London. Voters also picked opposition candidates in more than 300 municipal council races, prompting PM Brown to humbly pledge to heed the scathing verdict.
    (AP, 5/3/08)
2008        May 3, Thousands of marijuana enthusiasts marched in downtown Toronto, many openly smoking the drug as part of a globally coordinated rally meant to celebrate cannabis culture and push for the drug's legalization.
    (AP, 5/3/08)
2008        May 3, In Guinea prison authorities said more than 30 prisoners escaped from a jail by using spoons to scoop a hole in the baked earth wall of their prison building which had been softened by rain.
    (Reuters, 5/3/08)
2008        May 3, The US military fired missiles at a target about 50 yards away from the general hospital in Baghdad's Sadr City district, wounding more than 20 people and destroying ambulances. US soldiers killed four militants elsewhere in Baghdad. A US soldier died of wounds sustained in a roadside bomb that struck the soldier's vehicle during a combat patrol in eastern Baghdad a day earlier.
    (AP, 5/3/08)
2008        May 3, Insurgents attacked an army convoy in northern Mali, violating a cease-fire and sparking a fire fight that left five people dead.
    (AP, 5/3/08)
2008        May 3, A tropical cyclone slammed into Myanmar's main city of Yangon, ripping off roofs, felling trees and raising fears of major casualties. Later counts guessed that some 138,000 died or went missing due to the cyclone. Foreign countries mobilized to rush in aid after the country's deadliest storm on record. In 2010 Emma Larkin authored “Everything Is Broken: A Tale of Catastrophe in Burma."
    (AP, 5/4/08)(AP, 5/6/08)(Econ, 5/1/10, p.86)
2008        May 3, Rebels in Nigeria's oil-rich Niger Delta blew up three oil wells operated by Royal Dutch Shell, their fifth attack in recent weeks against the petroleum industry.
    (AP, 5/3/08)
2008        May 3, In southern Pakistan thousands of Islamists rallied to condemn an anti-Koran film by a Dutch lawmaker and cartoons of the Prophet Mohammed in Danish newspapers.
    (AFP, 5/3/08)
2008        May 3, In Sri Lanka heavy fighting between government troops and Tamil separatists left 35 rebels and eight soldiers dead.
    (AP, 5/4/08)
2008        May 3, In Yemen 3 soldiers and four rebels died in the overnight skirmishes that took place in the remote mountain province of Saada, near the Saudi Arabian border.
    (AP, 5/3/08)

2008        May 4, Democrat Barack Obama beat rival Hillary Clinton by just 7 votes in Guam's nominating contest after record numbers of residents voted in the tiny US territory's primary.
    (AP, 5/4/08)
2008        May 4, Abkhazian anti-aircraft forces shot down 2 unmanned Georgian spy planes. A Georgian Foreign Ministry official, dismissed the claims as "completely absurd disinformation" aimed at increasing tension in the area.
    (AP, 5/4/08)
2008        May 4, In Afghanistan an accidental explosion left 2 people dead and 13 wounded at a refuse dump in Kabul’s northern outskirts.
    (AP, 5/5/08)
2008        May 4, Residents of Bolivia voted on an autonomy referendum whose likely passage is seen as a rebuke to the country's leftist president. Exit polls showed the Santa Cruz referendum would pass in a landslide. Pres. Morales denounced the vote but quickly invited state governors for further negotiations.
    (AP, 5/4/08)(AP, 5/5/08)
2008        May 4, In Brazil a boat ferrying people home from a religious festival sank in the Amazon region on the Solimoes River leaving at least 41 dead and dozens missing.
    (AP, 5/5/08)(AP, 5/7/08)
2008        May 4, In the Cayman Islands 5 captive Grand Cayman Blue Iguanas, critically endangered lizards that resemble miniature turquoise dragons, were found scattered across a breeding park in the British dependency after they apparently were stomped and gouged.
    (AP, 5/7/08)
2008        May 4, In Chechnya a remote-controlled bomb exploded on a roadside in Grozny, leaving five police officers dead, while another officer was fatally shot near the city.
    (AP, 5/5/08)
2008        May 4, China's Pres. Hu Jintao said he was hoping for positive results with envoys of the Dalai Lama, as talks opened, but state media kept up a barrage of attacks on Tibet's exiled spiritual leader. In Shenzhen envoys of the Dalai Lama and Chinese officials held a day of talks aimed at mending fences following a wave of unrest that pushed Tibet to centre stage ahead of the 2008 Olympics. They agreed to further contact.
    (Reuters, 5/4/08)(Reuters, 5/5/08)
2008        May 4, China's Health Ministry issued a nationwide alert after the enterovirus 71 virus, or EV-71, which causes hand, foot and mouth disease, infected more than 4,500 children in central Anhui province. The outbreak was centered around Fuyang city, where 22 deaths have occurred.
    (AP, 5/4/08)
2008        May 4, In India 16 people, including three children, were killed when an overcrowded jeep crashed into a truck outside Mumbai. The jeep was filled with members of a family traveling to a wedding party.
    (AP, 5/4/08)
2008        May 4, A bomb hit a motorcade carrying Iraq's first lady through Baghdad. Iraqi health officials said at least 10 people, including two children, were killed in the past 24 hours in the Baghdad neighborhood of Sadr City. 2 Iraqi civilians were wounded in a Hellfire missile attack in Baghdad's southwestern Aamel neighborhood and were evacuated to a military hospital.
    (AP, 5/4/08)(AP, 5/5/08)
2008        May 4, In Japan thousands of activists, artists and scholars gathered for an international peace conference outside Tokyo, vowing to promote the Japanese Constitution's war-renouncing Article 9 as a global standard and prevent the clause from being weakened.
    (AP, 5/4/08)
2008        May 4, Senegal’s Pres. Abdoulaye Wade called the UN’s Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) a “bottomless pit of money largely spent on its own functioning."
    (Econ, 5/10/08, p.69)
2008        May 4, In Somalia Islamic insurgents killed at least three Ethiopian soldiers during a gunfight in Mogadishu. Inter-clan fighting in western Somalia, which broke out the previous evening, left at least 12 people dead and at least 15 others wounded in a land dispute.
    (AP, 5/4/08)
2008        May 4, In South Korea at least eight were people killed when they were swept away by high waves that hit the port of Boryeong Namdo on the west coast.
    (Reuters, 5/4/08)
2008        May 4, In Sudan government bombs hit a primary school and a busy market place in Darfur, killing at 12 people, including 6 children. Darfur rebels said three other areas were also bombed: Ein Sirro and Jabel Medop in North Darfur and an area in West Darfur near rebel-held Jabel Moun.
    (Reuters, 5/5/08)(AP, 5/6/08)
2008        May 4, A Shiite rebel leader in Yemen warned that his group will escalate its fight against the government if the army continues an offensive that has left almost 20 rebels and soldiers dead over the past two days.
    (AP, 5/4/08)

2008        May 5, Philadelphia police stopped the suspects' car while investigating a triple shooting. No weapons were found in the car or on the suspects, but officers said they had seen them shoot three people on a drug corner moments earlier. Video shot by WTXF-TV from a helicopter showed officers gathered around the vehicle as they pulled three men out. About a half-dozen officers held two men on the ground on the driver's side. Both were kicked repeatedly, while one was punched; one also appeared to be struck with a baton. A review of the video led to the firing of 4 officers with disciplinary action for 4 others. In 2009 a grand jury cleared the officers involved saying no excessive force was used.
    (AP, 5/8/08)(WSJ, 5/20/08, p.A2)(SFC, 8/7/09, p.A5)
2008        May 5, Oil futures hit a trading record of $120.36 before closing at a record $119.97.
    (SFC, 5/6/08, p.D1)
2008        May 5, In Richmond, Ca., a toxic spill of toluene killed some 200-300 fish in an irrigation canal. The spill was the result of the theft of valves on holding tanks. Damages from the theft of the brass worth $10 totaled some $250,000.
    (SFC, 5/7/08, p.B1,3)
2008        May 5, Hugh Bradner (b.1916), UC physicist and diver, died. In 1952 he invented the neoprene wetsuit.
    (SSFC, 5/11/08, p.B6)(WSJ, 5/17/08, p.A8)
2008        May 5, Irvine Robbins (b.1917), co-founder of the Baskins-Robbins ice cream chain, died. Robbins and his brother-in-law Burt Baskin (d.1967) became partners in 1948. They sold the company to United Fruit in 1967.
    (WSJ, 5/10/08, p.A8)
2008        May 5, In Afghanistan 2 accidental explosions in Kabul left 7 people dead and more than 20 wounded, including some counternarcotics police. In Nangarhar province US-led coalition troops killed several militants during a raid. A roadside bomb in the south wounded 5 people, including 3 policemen.
    (AP, 5/5/08)(AP, 5/6/08)
2008        May 5, Canada banned all smoking in federal prisons because a partial ban was largely ignored. The full effect of the ban would not be felt until hidden stockpiles of cigarettes are depleted.
    (Reuters, 5/6/08)
2008        May 5, In China, state media said a deadly viral outbreak that preys on children has appeared in Beijing, and the number of infections in China has grown to more than 8,000. Enterovirus 71 was blamed and went on to kill at least 43 people with over 24,000 sickened.
    (AP, 5/5/08)(SFC, 5/24/08, p.A8)
2008        May 5, Egypt's parliament endorsed a government bill to raise taxes and fuel prices less than a week after President Hosni Mubarak announced a 30 percent salary increase for all government employees.
    (AP, 5/5/08)
2008        May 5, Guatemala's attorney general said 2,286 pending foreign adoptions have been placed on hold for at least a month while officials review related paperwork.
    (AP, 5/6/08)
2008        May 5, An Iranian envoy rejected nuclear inspections while Israel stays outside the global nonproliferation treaty.
    (WSJ, 5/6/08, p.A1)
2008        May 5, Iraqi health officials said 41 that people, including women and children, have been wounded in the last 24 hours in the militia stronghold of Sadr City. At least 6 people were killed by US air strikes in Sadr City. An attack in Mosul killed three prostitutes and wounded two others. 2 policemen were killed in clashes with unidentified gunmen in Mosul. In eastern Mosul 2 gunmen were killed by police. In Tikrit a car bomb targeting a police patrol exploded in the central part of the city killed four people and wounded 8 others. US and Iraqi forces raided two police stations and arrested 48 policemen suspected of having links to Shiite militias. A US Air Force gunship strafed Shiite extremists who attacked US soldiers in Baghdad.
    (AP, 5/5/08)(AP, 5/6/08)(SFC, 5/7/08, p.A3)
2008        May 5, In southern Mexico a prominent cattle rancher hid from gunmen who killed two of his sons and kidnapped his daughter in weekend attacks that left 17 people dead.
    (AP, 5/5/08)
2008        May 5, Polish authorities arrested the Kuwaiti ambassador's son (23) for briefly abducting three Jewish teenagers at a hotel and claiming he had a bomb. Police said a heavily intoxicated Mohammad A. had pulled three 16-year-old Brazilians into their sixth-floor room of Warsaw's Holiday Inn.
    (AP, 5/6/08)
2008        May 5, In the southern Philippines communist rebels ambushed an army convoy with land mines and machine-gun fire, killing three soldiers and wounding 13.
    (AP, 5/5/08)
2008        May 5, In Somalia troops opened fire and killed at least two people as tens of thousands of people rioted over high food prices in Mogadishu.
    (AP, 5/5/08)
2008        May 5, In Zimbabwe 2 truckloads of youths, led by senior members of Pres. Mugabe’s party, marauded through Chiweshe and beat to death 11 opposition activists.
    (SFC, 5/8/08, p.A15)

2008        May 6, Sen. Barack Obama climbed within 200 delegates of clinching the Democratic presidential nomination. In the Indiana primary Clinton won 51% to 49%. In North Carolina Obama won 56% to 42%.
    (AP, 5/7/08)(SFC, 5/7/08, p.A1)
2008        May 6, In New Mexico Wayne Bent (66), the leader of an apocalyptic sect, was arrested and charged with felony sex crimes against children.
    (SFC, 5/7/08, p.A4)
2008        May 6, In California the Vallejo City Council voted to declare bankruptcy after talks with public employee unions failed to address a $16 million shortfall.
    (SFC, 5/7/08, p.B1)
2008        May 6, The California Community College system announced a $50 million gift from the Bernard Osher Foundation.
    (SFC, 5/7/08, p.B1)
2008        May 6, In Georgia William Earl Lynd (53) was executed for the murder of his live-in girlfriend. He was the first inmate executed since the Supreme Court upheld lethal injections on April 16.
    (SFC, 5/7/08, p.A2)
2008        May 6, In Afghanistan a Canadian soldier was killed and another was wounded in a gun battle with insurgents near Kandahar city.
    (AFP, 5/7/08)
2008        May 6, Canadian researchers reported that suicide victims who were abused as children have clear genetic changes in their brains in a finding they said shows neglect can cause biological effects.
    (Reuters, 5/6/08)
2008        May 6, Chile’s Chaiten volcano spewed lava and blasted ash more than 12 miles into the sky, prompting a total evacuation of the provincial capital and other settlements.
    (AP, 5/6/08)
2008        May 6, Chinese President Hu Jintao arrived in Tokyo for a feel-good visit that will use ping pong and pandas to take the edge off more contentious problems like border disputes, historical animosity and concerns over China's rule in Tibet.
    (AP, 5/6/08)
2008        May 6, Djibouti, a key US ally in the Horn of Africa, urged the UN Security Council to take immediate action to prevent a conflict with its northern neighbor Eritrea.
    (AP, 5/6/08)
2008        May 6, Egyptian border police fatally shot a Nigerian man who was trying to cross illegally into Israel. Guards also shot three Sudanese men and one woman who were also trying to sneak into Israel.
    (AP, 5/6/08)
2008        May 6, Officials in Indonesia said at least 13 illegal gold miners were killed in a landslide in remote Papua province.
    (AP, 5/6/08)
2008        May 6, At least four civilians were killed overnight in the Baghdad Shiite neighborhood of Sadr City. The US military announced that about 3,500 American soldiers are scheduled to leave Iraq in the coming weeks. US Hellfire missiles killed 3 militants planting a roadside bomb in the Shiite neighborhood of New Baghdad.
    (AP, 5/6/08)(SFC, 5/7/08, p.A3)
2008        May 6, In Italy the data-protection authority ruled that releasing tax returns into cyberspace was illicit. Tax authorities had recently put all 38.5 million tax returns for 2005 up on the internet. A measure authorizing the released had been signed on March 5, but not enacted until the defeat of the Prodi government.
    (Econ, 5/10/08, p.61)
2008        May 6, Kenya froze the assets of businessman Felicien Kabuga, the most wanted suspect in Rwanda's genocide, saying it would stop him avoiding capture or helping other fugitives. The US government has offered a $5 million bounty for Kabuga's capture.
    (Reuters, 5/6/08)(AP, 9/23/09)
2008        May 6, Lebanon’s government declared Hezbollah’s military telecommunications network illegal and said it was a threat to state security. The cabinet removed Beirut airport’s security chief over alleged ties to Hezbollah.
    (WSJ, 5/7/08, p.A1)(AP, 5/8/08)
2008        May 6, In northern and central Mali attacks by Tuareg rebels on several army posts left one person dead.
    (AFP, 5/6/08)
2008        May 6, Mauritania’s President Sidi Ould Cheikh Abdallahi said in a statement he had named economist Yahya Ould Ahmed Waqef (50) as prime minister.
    (AP, 5/7/08)
2008        May 6, Myanmar's junta decided to postpone voting on a new constitution in areas hardest-hit by a devastating cyclone as the death toll soared above 22,500.
    (AP, 5/6/08)
2008        May 6, Niger Delta rebels said that former US President Jimmy Carter had agreed to act as a mediator if invited by Nigeria's government, and the group promised to declare a ceasefire if talks went ahead.
    (Reuters, 5/6/08)
2008        May 6, In northwest Pakistan a suicide bomber riding a rickshaw attacked a police checkpoint and gunmen fired on officers guarding a bank, killing five people and testing the new government's fledgling peace process.
    (AP, 5/6/08)
2008        May 6, Russia and the US signed a long awaited civilian nuclear cooperation pact that will allow firms from the world's two biggest atomic powers to expand bilateral nuclear trade.
    (AP, 5/6/08)
2008        May 6, In Somalia hundreds of youths in Mogadishu lobbed stones at shops and cars and set tires ablaze in a second day of violence over soaring food prices. Amnesty Int’l. accused Ethiopian troops in Somalia of killing civilians and committing atrocities, including slitting people's throats, gouging out eyes and gang-raping women.
    (AP, 5/6/08)
2008        May 6, Swiss bank UBS, hard hit by the US subprime crisis, reported a first-quarter loss of $10.97 billion and said it will slash almost 7 percent of its work force.
    (AP, 5/6/08)
2008        May 6, Two senior Taiwanese officials resigned over the loss of millions of dollars in a failed attempt to persuade Papua New Guinea to officially recognize Taiwan.
    (AP, 5/6/08)

2008        May 7, Tennessee Gov. Phil Bredesen said 2,011 state jobs will be eliminated to shore up the state’s budget. Voluntary buyouts would begin in June.
    (WSJ, 5/8/08, p.A2)
2008        May 7, Oil closed at a record high with light, sweet crude settling at $123.53 per barrel on the New York Mercantile Exchange.
    (SFC, 5/8/08, p.C5)
2008        May 7, Clearwire and Sprint Nextel announced they will combine their wireless broadband units to create a $14.55 billion communications company to be called Clearwire.
    (SFC, 5/8/08, p.C1)
2008        May 7, In eastern Afghanistan 3 people including a child were killed in blasts.
    (AFP, 5/7/08)
2008        May 7, London's new mayor Boris Johnson announced a ban on alcohol on the capital's transport system, as part of a wider clampdown on crime and anti-social behavior.
    (AP, 5/7/08)
2008        May 7, China’s state media said the number of infections of hand, foot and mouth disease has grown to more than 15,000 with 28 deaths.
    (AP, 5/5/08)
2008        May 7, Colombia extradited Carlos Mario Jimenez, one of the country's most feared paramilitary warlords, to the US to face drug trafficking charges.
    (AP, 5/7/08)
2008        May 7, Rosalina Rivera, the sister of a Guatemalan congressman, was charged with running an illegal adoption ring after police found nine children in her home. Rivera is the sister of congressman Gudy Rivera, president of a congressional committee on minors and family affairs.
    (AP, 5/7/08)
2008        May 7, India successfully test-fired a nuclear-capable missile that can hit targets from Beijing to Baghdad.
    (AP, 5/7/08)
2008        May 7, In Iraq 7 militants were killed in clashes around Baghdad. 5 suspected al-Qaida members, including a Moroccan national, were killed in an operation in Samarra. 4 Sunni insurgents were killed in the province of Salahuddin when they attacked a checkpoint manned by Awakening Council fighters.
    (AP, 5/8/08)
2008        May 7, In Ireland Finance Minister Brian Cowen was elected new prime minister, and he pledged to keep the country on its pro-European course through choppy economic waters.
    (AP, 5/8/08)
2008        May 7, Conservative leader Silvio Berlusconi formed Italy's 62nd postwar government for his third stint as premier.
    (AP, 5/7/08)
2008        May 7, The leaders of Japan and China agreed to resolve a territorial row and start regular summits to ease decades of tension, pledging that Asia's two largest economies would not see each other as a threat.
    (AP, 5/7/08)
2008        May 7, It was reported that Japan was experiencing a problem with a growing population of crows. Over the last 2 years utilities in Tokyo had reported almost 1400 cases of crows cutting fiber optic cables.
    (SFC, 5/7/08, p.A10)
2008        May 7, In Lebanon Hezbollah opposition supporters and government backers exchanged gunfire and threw stones as a strike by the Shiite militant group paralyzed large parts of Beirut. Labor unions had called for the strike after rejecting a last-minute pay raise offer by the government.
    (AP, 5/7/08)
2008        May 7, In Mexico a leftist rebel group (EPR) linked to a series of oil pipeline blasts on rejected an offer from Mexico's government to hold talks. The People's Revolutionary Army dismissed a proposal by President Felipe Calderon because it said the offer showed no willingness to solve crimes allegedly committed by current and past administrations against its members. 
    (AP, 5/7/08)
2008        May 7, The international relief effort for hundreds of thousands of Myanmar cyclone victims picked up speed as India dispatched two planeloads of aid and Myanmar authorized the UN to send its own air shipment.
    (AP, 5/7/08)
2008        May 7, Nigeria announced it was suspending import duties and other taxes on rice while launching a raft of other measures to head off a food crisis in Africa's most populous nation.
    (AP, 5/7/08)
2008        May 7, Dmitry Medvedev was inaugurated as Russia's president, pledging to bolster the country's economic development and civil rights, in what may signal a departure from his predecessor's heavy-handed tactics.
    (AP, 5/7/08)
2008        May 7, World Bank figures indicated that donor countries and organizations had pledged some $4.8 billion to aid Sudan. Norway, the host of a donors’ conference, pledged $500 million. The EU promised $435 million and Japan promised to double its contribution to $200 million.
    (WSJ, 5/8/08, p.A8)
2008        May 7, Zimbabwe, already facing a presidential run-off, hit new electoral turmoil after the ruling party and opposition filed legal challenges to half of the parliamentary results from March's polls.
    (AFP, 5/7/08)

2008        May 8, In Louisiana Carl Hunter (73), a construction company owner who lost two homes in Hurricane Katrina, claimed a $97 million Powerball prize, a jackpot won off a ticket he bought at a convenience store where he stopped to buy his wife a gallon of milk. Hunter took a lump sum payment that will give him $33.9 million after taxes.
    (AP, 5/9/08)
2008        May 8, Federal officials arrested 13 fraternity members in San Diego, Ca., in a drug bust. Officials said 128 people, including at least 75 SDSU students, had been arrested as part of a 5-month investigation.
    (SFC, 5/9/08, p.B2)
2008        May 8, In California the owners of Tejon Ranch agreed to place 178,000 acres under a series of conservation easements that will preserve the land as open space. 90% will be preserved for public recreation and the owner will be allowed to develop 10%. A land grant in 1843 established Rancho El Tejon.
    (SFC, 5/9/08, p.A1)
2008        May 8, In Martinez, Ca., Contra Costa sex crimes prosecutor Michael Gresset (51) brought home a fellow female prosecutor (30) for afternoon sex. She later accused him of rape. That afternoon he convicted a man for molesting a 4-year-old relative. The case was not reported to police until Sep 26, 2008. A grand jury indictment against Gresset was issued in October 2009. In 2011 A judge dismissed the rape case saying prosecutors had failed to present exculpatory evidence to the grand jury. The woman, at the time of the indictment, had been in the process of securing a $450,000 civil claim settlement from the county over the alleged attack.
    (SFC, 7/27/09, p.A1)(SFC, 10/20/11, p.C6)
2008        May 8, Eddy Arnold, country singer, died, days short of his 90th birthday. His mellow baritone on songs like "Make the World Go Away" made him one of the most successful country singers in history.
    (AP, 5/8/08)
2008        May 8, In southern Afghanistan US-led coalition killed several militants.
    (AP, 5/9/08)
2008        May 8, President Evo Morales agreed to stand for election in a nationwide recall vote, gambling that Bolivians will re-elect him after just two years in office and shore up support for his pending reforms.
    (AP, 5/9/08)
2008        May 8, A Chinese mountaineering team took the Olympic flame to the top of Mount Everest, a feat dreamed up to underscore China's ambitions for the Beijing games.
    (AP, 5/8/08)
2008        May 8, Georgia's breakaway region of Abkhazia said it had shot down another Georgian spy drone.
    (Reuters, 5/8/08)
2008        May 8, A rocket hit a downtown Baghdad park, killing two people as American and Iraqi forces battled Shiite militants believed responsible for many such attacks. A bomb went off on a minibus in Baghdad's eastern Zayona neighborhoods, killing two passengers and injuring five. 9 militants were killed in two American missile attacks in the New Baghdad neighborhood. US soldiers killed six Shiite extremists, who attacked US forces with shoulder fired rockets and small arms, in several clashes in Baghdad's Shiite militia stronghold of Sadr City.
    (AP, 5/8/08)(AP, 5/9/08)
2008        May 8, Relief supplies from the United Nations began arriving in Myanmar, but US military planes loaded with aid were still denied access by the country's isolationist regime five days after a devastating cyclone. Some feared that lack of safe food and drinking water could push the death toll above 100,000.
    (AP, 5/8/08)
2008        May 8, In Lebanon violence spread outside the capital. Sunnis and Shiites exchanged gunfire in the village of Saadnayel in the eastern Bekaa Valley. Hezbollah's leader  Hassan Nasrallah said a government decision to declare the Shiite militant group's telecommunications network illegal amounted to a declaration of war. At least four people were killed and eight wounded Beirut.
    (AP, 5/8/08)(AP, 5/9/08)
2008        May 8, A Malaysian Islamic court allowed a Chinese convert to renounce Islam in a rare decision for this conservative Muslim-led nation. Siti Fatimah, or Tan Ean Huang (38), said she had never practiced Islamic teachings since she converted in 1998 and only did so to enable her to marry Iranian Ferdoun Ashanian.
    (AFP, 5/8/08)
2008        May 8, Edgar Millan Gomez (42), Mexico's acting federal police chief, was shot dead outside his Mexico City apartment complex, as drug traffickers increasingly lashed back at a nationwide crackdown on organized crime. Bodyguards at the scene arrested Alejandro Ramirez (34). Edgar Guzman, the son of Sinaloa cartel chief Joaquin Guzman, was shot dead in Culiacan, Sinaloa state. Also killed in the attack was Arturo Meza Cazares, the son of Blanca Margarita Cazares, whom the US has identified as a key money launderer for the cartel. Police later said Millan’s murder was likely ordered by Arturo Beltran Leyva, a capo in the Sinaloa drug cartel.
    (AP, 5/9/08)(SFC, 5/9/08, p.A16)(http://drugpolicycentral.com/bot/xarticle/ajc8708.htm)(Econ, 5/17/08, p.45)
2008        May 8, In Nepal Ram Hari Shrestha, a Kathmandu businessman and supporter of the former rebels, died after he was abducted and beaten by Maoist cadre.
    (AFP, 5/21/08)(www.nepalhorizons.com/beta/news.php?newsid=2851)
2008        May 8, A US diplomatic cable, unveiled by WikiLeaks in 2010, described Nicaragua’s Pres. Ortega as a "willing follower" of Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez. The report said Ortega uses Venezuelan oil money to fund Sandinista campaigns and that "several unconfirmed reports indicate that Ortega will have as much as 500 million dollars at his disposal over the course of 2008.
    (AP, 12/8/10)
2008        May 8, North Korea handed over thousands of pages of nuclear weapons documents to a US diplomat, that will help verify the North’s plutonium holdings.
    (WSJ, 5/9/08, p.A1)
2008        May 8, Vladimir Putin was named prime minister of Russia after a fervent speech full of ambitious plans that overshadowed his low-key successor and suggested that he will keep a strong hand in ruling the country.
    (AP, 5/8/08)
2008        May 8, In Somalia two police officers and five insurgents died in the attack when Islamist fighters fired rocket-propelled grenades and heavy submachine guns at the heavily guarded K4 district of Mogadishu. Three other insurgents were captured. Islamist spokesman Abdirahim Issa Adow said fighters killed eight police and one Islamist fighter died and two were wounded.
    (AP, 5/9/08)
2008        May 8, Spain formally laid claim to a shipwreck that yielded a $500 million treasure, saying it has proof the vessel was Spanish. Officials said the shipwreck at the heart of the dispute is the Nuestra Senora de las Mercedes, a Spanish warship sunk by the British navy southwest of Portugal in 1804 with more than 200 people on board.
    (AP, 5/8/08)
2008        May 8, Sri Lanka’s defense ministry said at least 74 Tamil Tiger rebels and three Sri Lankan soldiers have been killed in 3 days of fighting in the island's north.
    (AFP, 5/8/08)
2008        May 8, UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities entered into force.
    (www.un.org/disabilities/default.asp?id=17)
2008        May 8, In Zimbabwe farmers' groups said the ruling ZANU-PF has pushed 40,000 workers off farms in a post-election campaign targeting supporters of the opposition ahead of a possible presidential run-off. Pressure mounted to admit foreign observers to oversee a presidential election run-off amid fresh claims pro-government militias were instilling terror in the countryside.
    (Reuters, 5/8/08)(AFP, 5/8/08)

2008        May 9, Oil closed at a record high with light, sweet crude settling at $125.96 per barrel on the New York Mercantile Exchange.
    (WSJ, 5/10/08, p.B4)
2008        May 9, In eastern Afghanistan the US-led coalition killed several militants during an operation in Nangarhar province. Villagers claimed that 3 civilians were among those killed.
    (AP, 5/10/08)
2008        May 9, The government of Central African Republic (CAR), plagued by unrest since 2005, and the country's main rebel group signed a ceasefire and peace accord to take effect immediately.
    (AFP, 5/9/08)
2008        May 9, A newly disclosed set of documents that Colombia's government says were recovered on March 1 from a slain rebel's computers indicate senior Venezuelan officials tried to help arm Colombia's main guerrilla army. The price of crude rose above US$126 a barrel for the first time as investors questioned whether a Wall Street Journal report regarding the documents could lead to a confrontation between Washington and Venezuela.
    (AP, 5/10/08)
2008        May 9, Dominica legislators balked at deciding who can marry whom. Chief Charles Williams, the leader of the last remaining pre-Columbian tribe in the eastern Caribbean, recently suggested outlawing marriage to outsiders to save a dwindling indigenous population.
    (AP, 5/9/08)
2008        May 9, In Balla, India, 5 armed men killed Sunita (21), 22-weeks pregnant, and her boyfriend, Jasbir Singh (22). They were beaten, dragged into waiting cars, driven away and strangled. Their bodies, half-stripped, were laid out on the dirt outside Sunita's father's house for all to see, a sign that the family's "honor" had been restored by her cold-blooded murder. At the small police post in Balla, a constable later admitted the case was unlikely to ever reach prosecution, with the village putting enormous pressure on the police, and especially Jasbir's family, to quietly drop the case.
    (Reuters, 5/16/08)
2008        May 9, Shiite Hezbollah gunmen seized nearly all of the Lebanese capital's Muslim sector from Sunni foes loyal to the US-backed government in the country's worst sectarian clashes since the 15-year civil war.
    (AP, 5/9/08)
2008        May 9, Mortar shells fired by militant Hamas killed an Israeli man in an Israeli communal farm near Gaza. Israel fired missiles at two Hamas police station in retaliation and killed five Hamas members.
    (AP, 5/10/08)
2008        May 9, Myanmar's junta seized UN aid shipments headed for hungry and homeless survivors of last week's devastating cyclone prompting the world body to suspend further help. According to state media, 23,335 people died and 37,019 are missing from Cyclone Nargis.
    (AP, 5/9/08)
2008        May 9, In northwest Pakistan suspected Islamic militants killed a policeman and injured two other police officers in a rocket attack.
    (AP, 5/9/08)
2008        May 9, South African President Thabo Mbeki held intensive talks with veteran counterpart Robert Mugabe over Zimbabwe's post-election crisis as doctors reported a dramatic rise in violence.
    (AP, 5/9/08)
2008        May 9, A South Korean aid group said North Koreans are dying because of food shortages in rural areas, and a massive famine is just a matter of time.
    (AP, 5/9/08)
2008        May 9, In eastern Sri Lanka a bomb hidden in a package exploded in a cafe in the town of Ampara, killing 11 people on the eve local elections.
    (AP, 5/10/08)
2008        May 9, In southeast Turkey a land mine explosion killed 3 people and injured 3 others. Air strikes launched in retaliation for a rebel raid killed 19 Kurdish fighters. Six soldiers died in the violence. The PKK denied the military's claims of 19 rebel deaths saying "not a single guerrilla was killed."
    (AP, 5/9/08)(AP, 5/10/08)

2008        May 10, A tornado rumbled through Picher, Okla., killing at least 7 people. The same storm system then moved into southwest Missouri, where tornadoes killed at least 15 others. The storms moved eastward and killed at least one person the next day in Georgia.
    (AP, 5/11/08)(SFC, 5/12/08, p.A2)
2008        May 10, In Wisconsin a medical helicopter crashed killing a surgeon, nurse and pilot.
    (SFC, 5/12/08, p.A3)
2008        May 10, The main border crossing between the Hamas-controlled Gaza Strip and Egypt was temporarily opened under a deal between the Islamist group and Cairo.
    (Reuters, 5/10/08)
2008        May 10, In Haiti an overloaded ferry capsized off the southern coast, killing at least 13 people.
    (AP, 5/12/08)
2008        May 10, Shiite militants agreed on a ceasefire in Baghdad's embattled neighborhood of Sadr City, holding out hope that weeks of clashes in the capital could be at an end. In Mosul an Iraqi army commander announced the start of a long anticipated offensive against al-Qaida in Iraq's last urban stronghold. 4 people, including a woman and a child, were killed in an operation against al-Qaida near Mosul. One US soldier was killed when the vehicle he was traveling in rolled over near al-Asad.
    (AP, 5/11/08)
2008        May 10, Hamas fired rockets at southern Israel, hitting a house and a Jewish seminary just hours after five Hamas policemen were killed in Israeli air strikes.
    (AP, 5/10/08)
2008        May 10, Lebanon's army command ordered troops to establish security in the capital and called on all parties to withdraw their gunmen from the streets. An army statement said an airport security chief fired by the government for alleged ties to Hezbollah will be kept on. A Shiite Muslim shop owner opened fire on a funeral procession, killing two people and wounding six others in a Sunni neighborhood. A total of 25 people have been killed and dozens wounded in the recent violence.
    (AP, 5/10/08)
2008        May 10, Juan Antonio Roman Garcia, the No. 2 police officer in a Mexican border city across from Texas, was shot dead, the latest high-ranking official killed in an onslaught of attacks blamed on gangs resisting a crackdown. Gunman sprayed Garcia's car with bullets outside his home in Ciudad Juarez.
    (AP, 5/11/08)
2008        May 10, Myanmar's military regime distributed international aid but plastered the boxes with the names of top generals in an apparent effort to turn the relief effort for last week's devastating cyclone into a propaganda exercise. Voting on a new constitution began in all but the hardest hit parts of the country. The UN said at least one million survivors remain without aid more than a week after the deadly cyclone.
    (AP, 5/10/08)(AFP, 5/10/08)
2008        May 10, Oil major Royal Dutch Shell said it was losing the equivalent of 30,000 barrels of crude oil per day because of recent attacks against its installations in Nigeria.
    (AP, 5/10/08)
2008        May 10, In northwest Pakistan gunmen killed a Shiite Muslim shop owner and two of his customers in an apparent sectarian attack in Dera Ismail Khan.
    (AP, 5/10/08)
2008        May 10, Sudanese soldiers clashed with Darfur rebels of the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) in the north of the capital Khartoum where a curfew has now been imposed. Officials later said more that 200 people were killed in the weekend fighting. The rebels had traveled from Chad in 191 land cruisers and pick-up trucks. On May 27 an official Egyptian newspaper claimed that Sudanese forces searching the rebel JEM movement found modern Iranian weapons with them and that authorities had seized large amounts of ammunition and Iranian equipment.
    (AFP, 5/10/08)(AP, 5/13/08)(Econ, 5/17/08, p.59)(AFP, 5/27/08)
2008        May 10, Tamil Tiger rebels sank the Invincible, a navy cargo ship moored in the northeast of Sri Lanka, in an attack coinciding with key elections in the tense eastern province. Allegations of fraud, voter intimidation and sporadic violence marred the elections.
    (AP, 5/10/08)(Econ, 5/17/08, p.56)
2008        May 10, Turkish warplanes and artillery units destroyed key Kurdish rebel positions in northern Iraq, including a communications center, in a second day of raids on rebel positions.
    (AP, 5/11/08)
2008        May 10, Morgan Tsvangirai, Zimbabwe's opposition leader, said he would contest a presidential runoff poll, but he called for peacekeepers and observers to ensure a fair vote.
    (AP, 5/10/08)

2008        May 11, In Santa Rosa, Ca., the body of Patricia Barrales (25) was found by her mother in a closet buried under toys in a toy chest. She had been stabbed 68 times. In Dec, 2009, Honorio Pantaleon (32) was convicted of the murder of the mother of his 2 children.
    (SFC, 12/19/09, p.C2)
2008        May 11, Rights groups and local lawmakers about 300 Taliban suspects have been on a hunger strike in Afghanistan's southern Kandahar prison for a week demanding fair trials.
    (AFP, 5/11/08)
2008        May 11, In Algeria 6 government troops died in an ambush allegedly by armed members of the Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat (GSPC) as the soldiers were in a truck patrolling Medea province.
    (AFP, 5/13/08)
2008        May 11, China PM Wen Jiabao launched Commercial Aircraft Corporation of China (CACC), in an effort to challenge the duopoly of Airbus and Boeing.
    (Econ, 5/17/08, p.82)
2008        May 11, In India suspected rebels lined up and fatally shot eight railroad workers in the insurgency-wracked northeastern region of Assam.
    (AP, 5/12/08)
2008        May 11, Indian forces and suspected Islamic militants clashed in two separate incidents in Indian-controlled Kashmir, killing six people, including two civilians and a news photographer.
    (AP, 5/11/08)
2008        May 11, A Quran, with 14 bullet holes and graffiti marked on its paged, was found by Iraqis near a former base outside the town of Radwaniyah, west of Baghdad. An American sniper had used a Quran for target practice. On May 17 an apology was made by the US military. The unidentified soldier was disciplined and removed from Iraq.
    (AP, 5/19/08)
2008        May 11, In Lebanon heavy fighting broke out between supporters of the Western-backed government and opposition followers in the central mountains overlooking the capital. Paramedics said at least 11 people were killed in fighting in the mountains overlooking Beirut.
    (AP, 5/11/08)(AP, 5/12/08)
2008        May 11, In Mexico thousands of white-clad people marched silently to protest a surge of drug-related violence in Ciudad Juarez, where the No. 2 police officer was shot dead.
    (AP, 5/11/08)
2008        May 11, In Myanmar a Red Cross boat carrying rice and drinking water for cyclone victims sank, while the death toll jumped to more than 28,000 and aid groups warned of a humanitarian catastrophe.
    (AP, 5/11/08)
2008        May 11, In Nepal police detained more than 600 female Tibetan protesters, including many Buddhist nuns, after breaking up several demonstrations against China's recent crackdown in Tibet.
    (AP, 5/11/08)
2008        May 11, In southern Nigeria unknown gunmen raided a police station in the oil-rich state of Bayelsa killing two police officers. The gunmen also stole arms and ammunition during the attack at Okiki in Ogbia area of the state.
    (AFP, 5/13/08)
2008        May 11, A member of the militant group Hamas was killed in an explosion along Gaza's fence with Israel.
    (AP, 5/11/08)
2008        May 11, A divided Serbia voted in a parliamentary election that gave its people the stark choice of entering or rebuffing the EU after the trauma of losing Kosovo. Voting went ahead in Kosovo despite opposition from the UN and Kosovo Albanians, who see the polls as an illegal attempt by Serbia to partition the breakaway territory. Boris Tadic claimed victory saying his bloc had won 39% of the vote.
    (AP, 5/11/08)(SFC, 5/12/08, p.A9)
2008        May 11, Sri Lanka's ruling coalition was declared the winner of key elections in the east of the island, and hailed its victory as a major boost for the war against Tamil rebels.
    (AP, 5/11/08)
2008        May 11, Sudan severed diplomatic ties with Chad, accusing its neighbor of backing a first ever Darfur rebel assault on Khartoum, and partly lifted a curfew amid its clampdown on remaining rebels.
    (AFP, 5/11/08)

2008        May 12, The US Supreme Court affirmed a lower court ruling that multinational companies can be sued in a US court for allegedly aiding and abetting the former apartheid government in South Africa. Financial holdings prevented 4 justices from taking the case.
    (www.csmonitor.com/2008/0513/p02s01-usju.htm)(SFC, 5/13/08, p.A5)
2008        May 12, The US Postal Service increased first-class postage a penny to 42 cents.
    (SSFC, 5/11/08, p.A4)
2008        May 12, US immigration agents arrested more than 300 people at Agriprocessors Inc, a kosher meat plant in Postville, Iowa, amid an ongoing investigation into identification theft, fraudulent use of Social Security numbers, and for illegal immigrants.
    (Reuters, 5/12/08)
2008        May 12, Powerset, a SF-based Internet company founded in 2005, announced a limited release of its search engine. Executives said it fielded queries in natural language with attempts to deduce intent.
    (SFC, 5/12/08, p.D1)(www.powerset.com/)
2008        May 12, Oakley Hall (b.1920), prolific author and writing teacher, died in Nevada City. His books included “Warlock" (1958) and “The Art and Craft of Novel Writing" (1994).
    (SFC, 5/14/08, p.A1)
2008        May 12, Robert Rauschenberg (b.1925), Texas-born artist, died of heart failure in Florida. His use of odd and everyday articles earned him regard as a pioneer in pop art, first gaining fame in the 1950s.
    (AP, 5/13/08)
2008        May 12, In Algeria 3 government troops were killed in an ambush allegedly set by the Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat (GSPC) 120 kilometers (75 miles) east of Algiers in Bouira province.
    (AP, 5/13/08)
2008        May 12, In Bangladesh a ferry on the Ghorautura River capsized with nearly 150 passengers and at least 44 people were killed.
    (WSJ, 5/14/08, p.A13)
2008        May 12, Brazil announced that it is forming a sovereign-wealth fund worth between $10 and $20 billion.
    (WSJ, 5/13/08, p.A1)
2008        May 12, The Canadian Federal Court said that Pakistan appears to have received a $500,000 bounty from the United States for the capture of Abdullah Khadr, a Canadian wanted on charges of working with al Qaeda against US forces in Afghanistan. Khadr was arrested in Pakistan in 2004 and sent back to Canada in 2005.
    (Reuters, 5/13/08)
2008        May 12, Chad closed its border with Sudan and put a halt to bilateral trade, a minister said, a day after Sudan severed diplomatic ties with Chad.
    (AP, 5/12/08)
2008        May 12, The Commonwealth re-admitted Pakistan as a full member after a six-month suspension triggered by a clampdown by President Pervez Musharraf.
    (AFP, 5/12/08)
2008        May 12, Initial reports said a 7.8 earthquake struck central China, killing over 9,000 people and trapping nearly 900 students under the rubble of their school. 80% of the buildings had collapsed in Beichuan county in Sichuan province. The death toll soon exceeded 12,000 in Sichuan province alone. 18,645 were reported buried in debris in the city of Mianyang, near the epicenter of the quake, whose magnitude was raised to 7.9. The Sichuan quake ended up killing some 80,000 people. Scientists in 2009 linked the quake to the Zipingu Dam, 5.5 km from the epicenter. In 2009 an official tally said 5,335 students were left dead or missing. 
    (AP, 5/1208)(AP, 5/13/08)(WSJ, 2/7/08, p.A6)(AP, 5/7/09)
2008        May 12-2008 May 13, Chinese police detained 16 Tibetan Buddhist monks from eastern Tibet's Mangkam county, who were allegedly involved in a series of bombings in early April.
    (AP, 6/5/08)
2008        May 12, The Arab Network for Human Rights Information (ANHRI) said that an Egyptian government-owned Internet service provider on May 4 blocked the Egyptian Movement for Change - Kefaya website, in the latest crackdown on the country's cyber dissidents.
    (AFP, 5/12/08)
2008        May 12, Haitian legislators rejected President Rene Preval's pick for prime minister, extending a monthlong period without a functioning government. International banker Ericq Pierre (63) lost a vote that ended his candidacy 51 to 35, with nine abstentions.
    (AP, 5/12/08)
2008        May 12, In India Renault-Nissan and India's Bajaj group said they planned to make a 2,500-dollar car by early 2011, the second effort to make a cheap car for the South Asian nation's rapidly growing middle class.
    (AP, 5/12/08)
2008        May 12, Representatives of firebrand cleric Muqtada al-Sadr and lawmakers from Iraq's main Shiite political bloc signed a four-day cease-fire in an effort to end seven weeks of fighting in Baghdad's Sadr City slum. The fragile cease-fire failed to stop fighting in Baghdad's Sadr City where clashes between Shiite extremists and US-backed Iraqi forces killed 11 men and wounded 19. The latest cease-fire came as the US military largely finished the building of a barrier to isolate extremists from using the southern section of Sadr City and disrupt supply and escape routes for militants.
    (AP, 5/12/08)(AP, 5/13/08)
2008        May 12, Iraqi Kurdish officials said Turkish jets overnight struck suspected Kurdish rebel targets close to the border in northern Iraq.
    (AP, 5/12/08)
2008        May 12, Israel’s police raided Jerusalem’s city hall and seized documents as part of the corruption probe of PM Ehud Olmert. A rocket fired by Palestinian militants killed a 75-year-old Israeli woman, just as an Egyptian mediator was winding up truce talks in Israel.
    (AP, 5/12/08)(AP, 5/13/08)
2008        May 12, In Lebanon heavy fighting broke out between government supporters and opponents in Tripoli, where the two sides battled with rocket-propelled grenades, heavy machine guns and mortars.
    (AP, 5/12/08)
2008        May 12, Mexican authorities said a police officer and four other people, with suspected ties to a powerful drug cartel, have been arrested in the May 8 assassination of Edgar Millan Gomez, the acting federal police chief.
    (AP, 5/13/08)
2008        May 12, Myanmar state television put the death toll for Cyclone Nargis at 31,938 with 29,770 people missing. The US White House said it was extending an extra 13 million dollars in aid as the first US flight of emergency supplies landed in the country.
    (AP, 5/12/08)(SFC, 5/13/08, p.A3)
2008        May 12, Former prime minister Nawaz Sharif pulled his party out of Pakistan's six-week-old coalition government, plunging the volatile Muslim nation back into political uncertainty.
    (AP, 5/12/08)
2008        May 12, Irena Sendler (b.1910), Polish savior of WWII Jewish children in the Warsaw ghetto, died in Warsaw. She saved some 2,500 Jewish children by smuggling them out of the Warsaw Ghetto, providing them with false documents, and sheltering them in individual and group children's homes outside the Ghetto.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Irena_Sendler)(Econ, 5/24/08, p.110)(www.irenasendler.org/)
2008        May 12, Serbia's pro-European alliance sought a coalition deal with smaller parties on to stave off a challenge from nationalist runners-up who say they too can form a government after Sunday's parliamentary election. With about 98% of votes counted, the Democratic Party had 38.75% and the nationalist Radical Party 29.2%.
    (Reuters, 5/12/08)
2008        May 12, South Korean officials said they have killed all poultry in Seoul, to curb the spread of bird flu following a new outbreak of the disease in the city.
    (AP, 5/12/08)
2008        May 12, Sudan arrested its leading fundamentalist Islamic ideologue, accusing him of aiding a Darfur rebel attack on the capital. Hassan Turabi was arrested after dawn at his home in Khartoum and at least 10 other members of his Popular Congress Party members were detained in a government sweep across the city. Authorities released al-Turabi and four members of his party after detaining them for several hours.
    (AP, 5/12/08)(AP, 5/12/08)
2008        May 12, In Vietnam 2 reporters were arrested for their coverage of a bribery, gambling and corruption scandal. Their arrests led to a highly unusual confrontation between Vietnam's Communist government and the country's state-controlled newspapers. The scandal, which erupted in 2005, led to the conviction of 9 people, including several government officials.
    (AP, 5/14/08)

2008        May 13, Hillary Clinton won with 67 percent of the vote in the West Virginia primary.
    (AP, 5/14/08)
2008        May 13, A research company said more US homeowners fell behind on mortgage payments last month, driving the number of homes facing foreclosure up 65 percent versus the same month last year and contributing to a deepening slide in home values.
    (AP, 5/14/08)
2008        May 13, In California Assemblywoman Karen Bass (54) became the 67th speaker of the Assembly, the 1st African American woman speaker of the state Assembly.
    (SFC, 5/14/08, p.B3)
2008        May 13, Timothy Kooyman (24), a homeless man in Rancho Cucamonga, Ca., was arrested on animal cruelty charges. In 2009 additional charges of using scissors to cut off feline tails was added to counts of soaking cats in gas and torching them. Kooyman pleaded insanity.
    (www.animalshelter.org/forum/Serial_Cat_Torturer,_Timothy_Kooyman/m_1804/tm.htm)    (SFC, 2/27/09, p.B4)
2008        May 13, In Florida investigators searched for one or more arsonists behind a string of wildfires that had destroyed or damaged over 160 homes along the Atlantic coast.
    (SFC, 5/14/08, p.A4)
2008        May 13, EarthLink said it is pulling out of its high-speed Internet network in Philadelphia, and that it would shut down the operation on June 12.
    (SFC, 5/14/08, p.C3)
2008        May 13, Microsoft Corp. introduced its WorldWide Telescope, bringing the free Web-based program for zooming around the universe to a broad audience.
    (AP, 5/13/08)(SFC, 5/13/08, p.A1)
2008        May 13, Hewlett-Packard Co. said it is buying Electronic Data Systems Corp. for $12.6 billion. The deal will create the second largest technology services provider behind IBM.
    (AP, 5/13/08)
2008        May 13, John Philip Law (b.1937), film star, died. He played the blind angel opposite Jane Fonda in “Barbarella" (1968).
    (SFC, 5/16/08, p.B11)
2008        May 13, International and Afghan troops forged ahead with an offensive against the Taliban near the Pakistan border. Helmand governor Gulab Mangal insisted 150 rebels had been killed in Garmser in the past week.
    (AFP, 5/13/08)
2008        May 13, Two major Australian banks agreed to a proposed merger which would create the nation's biggest financial services group worth around 66 billion dollars (62 billion US). St George, the country's fifth-largest bank, said it had agreed to an 18.6 billion dollar offer from Westpac Banking Corporation, Australia's third-largest bank by market capitalization.
    (AFP, 5/13/08)
2008        May 13, In Brazil renowned rain forest defender Marina Silva resigned as the environment minister, saying she lacked the necessary political support to protect the Amazon. A government study said Blacks will outnumber whites in Brazil this year for the first time since slavery was abolished, but the income gap between the two groups may take another 50 years to bridge.
    (AP, 5/13/08)
2008        May 13, In Canada a helicopter with three people on board appeared to hover as if looking for a landing spot before it crashed onto a street and burst into flames in Cranbrook, British Columbia. A pedestrian Kenyan exchange student, was killed along with the 3 in the helicopter.
    (Reuters, 5/14/08)
2008        May 13, Colombia extradited 14 top paramilitary warlords, many of them wanted on drug-trafficking charges, to the United States, saying they failed to comply with the peace pact under which they demobilized. They included Ramiro Vanoy Murillo and Francisco Javier Zuluaga. In October Murillo (60) and Zuluaga (38) pleaded guilty to cocaine conspiracy charges and faced at least 2 decades in prison.
    (AP, 5/13/08)(SFC, 10/10/08, p.A4)
2008        May 13, In India 8 bombs ripped through bustling streets in Jaipur, killing 63 people and injuring 216. Evidence pointed increasingly towards Indian Islamists backed by a Bangladeshi militant group as being behind the blasts. The Indian Majuhideen claimed responsibility.
    (Reuters, 5/14/08)(AP, 5/16/08)(Econ, 5/17/08, p.54)
2008        May 13, In Iraq a Sunni grammar school principal who was shot and killed in Abu Minasir, a village west of Baghdad. A US soldier was killed when a roadside bomb exploded next to his vehicle in northwest Baghdad.
    (AP, 5/14/08)
2008        May 13, Italy's new PM Silvio Berlusconi adopted a conciliatory tone with a pledge to reach out to the left-wing opposition and to turn the country around economically.
    (AP, 5/13/08)
2008        May 13, In Kuwait Sheik Saad Al Abdullah Al Sabah (b.1930), who ruled here for just nine days in 2006 before being removed for ill health, died.
    (AP, 5/13/08)
2008        May 13, The Lebanese army expanded its troop deployment to several tense areas around the country, saying its soldiers would use force if needed to impose order after clashes between the US-backed government and Hezbollah-led opposition.
    (AP, 5/13/08)
2008        May 13, In Malawi police arrested former security and political leaders over allegations they wanted to overthrow the government of Pres. Bingu Mutharika.
    (WSJ, 5/14/08, p.A13)
2008        May 13, In Mexico more than 2,700 soldiers and federal agents were sent to Sinaloa state as part of a crackdown on drug-related violence.
    (AP, 5/15/08)
2008        May 13, In Nigeria unidentified gunmen in the restive south hijacked an oil-services vessel carrying 11 crew members demanding about $250,000 for their release. The crew members were released on June 25.
    (AP, 5/14/08)(AFP, 6/26/08)
2008        May 13, In Qatar the 6th Doha Interfaith Dialogue Conference opened. More than a dozen rabbis, including two from Israel, were in attendance. This conservative Muslim sheikdom recently opened the Doha International Centre for Interfaith Dialogue, one of the Gulf's first scholarly centers dedicated to interfaith dialogue.
    (AP, 5/16/08)

2008        May 14, A triptych by Francis Bacon (1909-1992), titled “Triptych 1976," sold for $86.3 million in NYC, a record for contemporary art auctions.
    (Econ, 5/17/08, p.79)
2008        May 14, The US House passed a veto-proof, $290 billion farm bill that included $40 billion in subsidies to commodity farmers. The Senate was also expected to pass the bill by a veto-proof margin.
    (SFC, 5/15/08, p.A1)(WSJ, 5/15/08, p.A1)
2008        May 14, US Interior Sec. Dirk Kempthorne said the government will list the polar bear as threatened under the Endangered Species Act, making it the 1st animal to win protection due to global warming.
    (SFC, 5/15/08, p.A1)
2008        May 14, US federal prosecutors said Willbros Group Inc., a Houston-based oil services company, agreed to pay $32.3 million in criminal and civil penalties to settle charges that it bribed officials in Nigeria and Ecuador to get contracts between 2003-2005.
    (WSJ, 5/15/08, p.B2)
2008        May 14, Sen. Obama won the support of John Edwards, former North Carolina Senator and presidential candidate.
    (WSJ, 5/15/08, p.A1)
2008        May 14, In California UC regents announced a 7.4% tuition increase and CSU voted for a 10% increase. These marked the 6th increases in 7 years.
    (SFC, 5/15/08, p.A1)
2008        May 14, Marc Dann (46), Ohio’s attorney general, resigned under threat of impeachment due to an extramarital affair with an employee.
    (SFC, 5/15/08, p.A7)
2008        May 14, In Georgia Gov. Sonny Perdue signed a new law allowing permitted gun owners to carry concealed weapons in restaurants that serve alcohol, aboard public transportation and in parks.
    (SFC, 5/15/08, p.A3)
2008        May 14, Plaxo, an online address book and social networking service, reported it had signed an agreement to be acquired by Comcast. It was founded by Napster co-founder Sean Parker, Minh Nguyen and two Stanford engineering students, Todd Masonis and Cameron Ring and was based in Mountain View, Ca.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plaxo)
2008        May 14, In Austria investigators discovered the bodies of five people after a man turned up at a Vienna police station saying he had killed his wife and daughter.
    (AP, 5/14/08)
2008        May 14, In eastern Bangladesh 8 people died and one person was critically injured when two trains collided at a station.
    (AP, 5/14/08)
2008        May 14, In Brazil a reporter and photographer for O Dia were abducted with their driver and held for nearly eight hours in the western Rio de Janeiro shantytown where they had been working undercover investigating paramilitaries. O Dia said it contacted state security officials immediately after the incident, but did not report it publicly until Jun 1 to protect its journalists.
    (AP, 6/2/08)
2008        May 14, China’s Xinhua News Agency said that 2,000 troops had been sent to work on the Zipingku Dam, upriver from Dujiangyan in Sichuan province as the death toll from the May 12 earthquake approached 15,000.
    (AP, 5/14/08)
2008        May 14, Colombian police seized US$25 million (euro16 million) in properties from a paramilitary warlord extradited to the U.S. on drug-trafficking charges.
    (AP, 5/15/08)
2008        May 14, In the Dominican Republic 3 people, including a former congressman, were shot and killed in Villa Vasquez ahead of May 16 elections.
    (WSJ, 5/16/08, p.A8)
2008        May 14, In Ethiopia Ginbot 7, a Movement for Justice, Freedom and Democracy, was formed.
    (http://ginbot7.com/Ginbot_7-Movement_for_Justice_Liberty_and_Democracy_is_Formed.htm)
2008        May 14, A French court handed down jail sentences to seven men convicted of running a network that recruited poor young Muslims in Paris to fight in the Iraqi insurgency.
    (AFP, 5/14/08)
2008        May 14, In India a poor worker and his 4-year-old daughter were crushed to death by a bus after the conductor pushed them off for not having sufficient fare for the journey. Angry passengers set the bus on fire near Jharsuguda, Orissa state. The bus conductor was arrested and charged with unintentional murder.
    (AP, 5/15/08)
2008        May 14, Iran raided the homes of top Baha’i leaders and threw six of them in the notorious Evin prison north of Tehran. A 7th Bahai leader was detained March 5. A government spokesman said the arrests aimed to defend Iran's national security and had "nothing to do with ideological issues." In 2010 Iran cut the jail terms imposed on the seven from 20 to 10 years.
    (AP, 5/22/08)(AFP, 9/18/10)
2008        May 14, Iraq’s PM Nouri al-Maliki visited the northern city of Mosul to supervise a military offensive against al-Qaida in Iraq in its last major stronghold. In Sadr City skirmishes left five dead and 22 wounded. In western Baghdad a car bomb detonated next to a convoy carrying a lawmaker from the mostly-Sunni Islamic Party, Ayad al-Samarrie, but he was not hurt. One civilian was killed and 6 others wounded, including four guards. A suicide bomber killed 22 people and wounded at least 35 at the funeral of a Sunni school principal west of Baghdad. A girl strapped with explosives killed an Iraqi officer. 2 militants were killed and a third was wounded by an air-to-ground Hellfire missile as they placed a roadside bomb on a road between Sadr City and the northern Sunni district of Azamiyah. In Sadr City one person was killed when another Hellfire missile hit a group of militants also attempting to plant a bomb.
    (AP, 5/14/08)(AP, 5/15/08)(WSJ, 5/15/08, p.A1)
2008        May 14, In Israel President Bush said that 60 years of Israel's existence is cause for optimism for democratic change throughout the Middle East, opening a trip divided between ceremonial duties and a new push for Israeli-Palestinian peace. A rocket fired from Gaza exploded in a shopping center in Ashkelon, southern Israeli, wounding at least 14 people.
    (AP, 5/14/08)
2008        May 14, In Kenya an international aid worker said officials backed by armed police are forcing some 9,000 Kenyans displaced by postelection violence to leave a refugee camp in Kitale.
    (AP, 5/14/08)
2008        May 14, In Mexico 2 police officers were shot and killed in Torreon, Coahuila state, when they tried to stop gunmen from kidnapping a family. Assailants opened fire and threw grenades at a police station in Guamuchil in the northern state of Sinaloa.
    (AP, 5/14/08)
2008        May 14, The annual meeting of the African Development Bank (AfDB) opened in Mozambique with the organization’s head warning that rising growth rates are having little impact on poverty levels.
    (AFP, 5/14/08)
2008        May 14, Experts said the 1.5 million people left destitute by Myanmar's cyclone are in increasing danger of disease and starvation, but the ruling junta said no to a Thai request to admit more aid workers. The Red Cross said the death toll could reach nearly 128,000. Another powerful storm headed toward Myanmar's cyclone-devastated delta and the UN warned that inadequate relief efforts could lead to a second wave of deaths among the estimated 2 million survivors.
    (AP, 5/14/08)(WSJ, 5/15/08, p.A1)
2008        May 14, In Pakistan a number of foreign militants were killed when 2 missiles hit a house in the village of Damadola in the Bajaur tribal region. The US missile strike killed al-Qaida operative Abu Suleiman al Jaziery and at least 14 others. Some of the dead were civilians. Authorities freed militants and started to pull troops from a tribal region in a bid to make peace with Islamic fighters. Suspected Islamic militants soon killed a Pakistani soldier in revenge for the US missile strike near the Afghan border.
    (Reuters, 5/15/08)(WSJ, 5/15/08, p.A1)(AP, 5/16/08)(WSJ, 5/20/08, p.A14)
2008        May 14, In Spain a booby-trapped van exploded outside a civil guard barracks in the restive Basque country, killing one guard and wounding four others. The government blamed the attack on separatist group ETA.
    (AP, 5/14/08)
2008        May 14, In Sudan clashes erupted in Abyei between the northern-based national army and former guerrillas from the south. Arab Misseriya nomads, some armed by the northerners, and the southern Ngok Dinka, protected by the SPLM, held a historic animosity in the area over land and water. The UN mission (UNMIS) there did little more than protect the local UN base.
    (Econ, 5/24/08, p.66)(Econ, 11/22/08, p.33)
2008        May 14, A Swiss pilot strapped on a jet-powered wing and leaped from a plane for the first public demonstration of the homemade device, turning figure eights and soaring high above the Alps.
    (AP, 5/15/08)

2008        May 15, The California Supreme Court affirmed the right of same-sex couples to marry.
    (SFC, 5/16/08, p.A1)
2008        May 15, Anthony Pellicano (64), a Hollywood private eye, was convicted on federal racketeering and other charges for digging up dirt on well-heeled LA clients. He and 14 others were initially indicted in February, 2006. On August 29 Pellicano and entertainment lawyer Terry Christensen (64) were convicted of conspiring to illegally wiretap the ex-wife of billionaire Kirk Kerkorian. The verdicts were the result of a 2002 FBI probe into Pellicano’s business. On Dec 15, 2008, Pellicano was sentenced to 15 years in prison.
    (SFC, 5/16/08, p.B4)(SFC, 8/30/08, p.A2)(SFC, 12/16/08, p.A15)
2008        May 15, In Santa Clara County, Ca., 11 members of the San Jose El Hoyo Palmas gang were indicted on charges related to 4 homicides over the last 2 years.
    (SFC, 5/16/08, p.B7)
2008        May 15, CBS Corp. announced it was buying SF-based Cnet Networks, an Internet technology news provider, for $1.8 billion in cash.
    (SFC, 5/16/08, p.C1)
2008        May 15, Will Elder (b.1921), founding artist at Mad Magazine (1952), died. After Mad he established himself at Playboy where he produced the “Little Annie Fanny" cartoon.
    (WSJ, 5/17/08, p.A8)
2008        May 15, Bob Florence (b.1932), a Grammy Award sinning bandleader, died in LA. His 18-piece Bob Florence Limited Edition band was considered one of the most musically challenging bands in jazz.
    (SFC, 5/27/08, p.B3)
2008        May 15, Willis Eugene Lamb Jr. (b.1913), Nobel Prize winning physicist (1955), died.
    (SFC, 5/23/08, p.B10)(http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1955/lamb-bio.html)
2008        May 15, In western Afghanistan a suicide bomber wearing a burqa attacked a police patrol at a crowded market, killing at least 12 people and wounding 27 others. Taliban militants attacked the compound of the Shinkay district chief in Zabul province. The ensuing hour-long gun battle left 5 Taliban dead and 6 wounded.
    (AP, 5/15/08)(AP, 5/16/08)
2008        May 15, Britain's third-biggest bank, said that first quarter profits fell after suffering a 1.0 billion-pound (1.25 billion-euro, 1.95 billion-dollar) hit from the global credit crunch.
    (AP, 5/15/08)
2008        May 15, China warned the death toll from this week's earthquake could soar to 50,000, while the government issued a public appeal for rescue equipment as it struggled to cope with the disaster.
    (AP, 5/15/08)
2008        May 15, In Egypt Abdullah Kamel Mohammed (42) man was sentenced to 1,000 years behind bars after scamming hundreds of people out of 280 million pounds (around 52 million dollars).
    (AFP, 5/15/08)
2008        May 15, In France hundreds of thousands of teachers and other public sector workers went on strike to protest jobs cuts and other changes proposed by Pres. Sarkozy’s government.
    (WSJ, 5/16/08, p.A8)
2008        May 15, Gambia’s Pres. Yahya Jammeh ordered homosexuals to leave the country and in a televised speech threatened to cut off the head of anyone discovered to be gay.
    (SFC, 6/3/08, p.A3)
2008        May 15, In Greece the 2 largest labor unions staged strikes to protest pension changes and recent privatizations.
    (WSJ, 5/16/08, p.A8)
2008        May 15, In northeastern India suspected rebels gunned down 11 people in two attacks in Assam state. Rebels allegedly stopped four cement company trucks and shot 10 employees in the vehicles before setting the trucks on fire. In a separate attack, militants shot at a moving train, killing the conductor and injuring three others.
    (AP, 5/15/08)
2008        May 15, Government troops began house-to-house searches for al-Qaida in Iraq militants in Mosul, part of a major security operation to cleanse Iraq's third largest city from cells of the terror network. An Iranian Embassy convoy came under fire in Baghdad, wounding four people, including three Iranians and an Iraqi. Overnight and early morning clashes between US-backed Iraqi forces and militiamen loyal to al-Sadr left eight men killed and 19 wounded.
    (AP, 5/15/08)(AP, 5/16/08)
2008        May 15, Italian police announced the arrest of hundreds of suspected illegal immigrants in a sign of the new right-wing government's determination to clamp down. Police had arrested 383 people sing May 7.
    (AP, 5/15/08)(WSJ, 5/16/08, p.A8)
2008        May 15, The Hezbollah-led opposition and US-backed government reached a deal to end Lebanon's worst violence since the 1975-90 civil war, now that the Cabinet has reversed measures aimed at reining in the Iranian-backed militants. The violence had left at least 81 people dead.
    (AP, 5/15/08)(Econ, 5/24/08, p.67)
2008        May 15, In Mexico Pres. Calderon held a signing ceremony for an agreement with Elba Esther Gordillo, head of the national teacher’s union, to promote the “Alliance for Educational Quality, an effort to improve teacher quality.
    (Econ, 5/24/08, p.55)
2008        May 15, Myanmar's junta warned that legal action would be taken against people who trade or hoard international aid as the cyclone's death toll soared above 43,000. Myanmar announced that a constitution won massive support in a referendum, a claim slammed by a leading rights group as an insult to the country's people.
    (AP, 5/15/08)
2008        May 15, In Nigeria a huge explosion was triggered when an excavator accidentally pierced an oil pipeline. The Nigeria Red Cross said some 100 people were killed in a blaze that lasted more than a day. A local government official put the death toll at 15.
    (AFP, 5/16/08)
2008        May 15, European and Latin American leaders gathered in Peru for their fifth summit in a decade with plans to tackle climate change, high food prices and poverty.
    (AP, 5/15/08)
2008        May 15, An unmanned Russian cargo ship blasted off with supplies, equipment and gifts for the international space station.
    (AP, 5/15/08)
2008        May 15, A body representing genocide survivors said Generosa Mukanyonga (90), a Rwandan genocide survivor, was stabbed and burned to death by a gang that included four assailants who had confessed to taking part in the 1994 slaughter.
    (Reuters, 5/15/08)
2008        May 15, In Sudan thousands of civilians fled clashes between former north-south civil war foes in the oil-rich central town of Abyei. The SPLM said more than $1 billion in oil revenues from Abyei has been taken by the ruling National Congress Party rather than shared with the south as the peace deal prescribes.
    (Reuters, 5/15/08)
2008        May 15, Zimbabwe's opposition reacted furiously to the prospect of a run-off poll being delayed until the end of July, accusing authorities of flouting the law to help Robert Mugabe cling to power. Zimbabwe introduced a new half-a-billion dollar bank note in a bid to tackle cash shortages fed by rampant inflation.
    (AFP, 5/15/08)

2008        May 16, Under pressure from Congress the US Energy Dept. said it would temporarily suspend filling the US strategic oil stocks. Oil futures rose to a record $126.29 on the NY Mercantile Exchange. Pres. Bush signed a bill to stop the filling on May 19.
    (SFC, 5/17/08, p.C1)(WSJ, 5/20/08, p.A1)
2008        May 16, Robert Mondavi (b.1913), the pioneering vintner who helped put California wine country on the map, died at his Napa Valley home. He was 52 and a winemaking veteran in 1966, when he opened the winery that would help turn the Napa Valley into a world center of the industry.
    (AP, 5/16/08)(SFC, 5/17/08, p.A1)
2008        May 16, Maria Isavel Vasquez Jimenez (17), a pregnant Mexican migrant worker, died after succumbing to heat stroke from laboring more than 9 hours in a San Joaquin County, Ca., vineyard.
    (AP, 3/9/11)
2008        May 16, Osama bin Laden said in a new audio recording that al-Qaida will continue its holy war against Israel and its allies until it liberates Palestine.
    (AP, 5/16/08)
2008        May 16, A bomb hit a group of Afghan soldiers during a foot patrol in southern Kandahar province. One soldier was killed and three were wounded. In eastern Khost province, joint Afghan and foreign forces attacked insurgents as they were planting roadside bombs before dawn. A brief gun battle left two militants dead. Another wounded insurgent later died at a military hospital. US-led coalition and Afghan troops called in airstrikes during the raid on a compound suspected of housing militants involved in bomb making activities. Afghan and foreign troops in western Farah province bombed a Taliban hideout where two hostages were being held, leaving eight militants dead.
    (AP, 5/16/08)(AP, 5/17/08)
2008        May 16, In Australia protesting pensioners brought traffic to a stand still in Melbourne when some stripped to demand more money from the government.
    (AFP, 5/16/08)
2008        May 16, In Canada Nancy Michaud (37), a political aide in Quebec, was disappeared from her home in Riviere-Ouelle. Her body was found the next day in an abandoned home. Francis Proulx was charged with her murder.
    (www.thestar.com/News/Canada/article/427352)(SSFC, 4/19/09, p.A4)
2008        May 16, In China a strong aftershock sparked landslides near the epicenter of this week's powerful earthquake, while some survivors were pulled from rubble after being buried for four days. The official death toll rose to about 22,069, and another 14,000 still were buried in Sichuan.
    (AP, 5/16/08)
2008        May 16, Dominican Republic President Leonel Fernandez was favored to win a third term, despite concerns over long-serving politicians in this Caribbean nation with a painful history of rule by strongmen.
    (AP, 5/16/08)
2008        May 16, Iraq’s PM Nouri al-Maliki offered members of armed groups in Mosul an amnesty in exchange for surrendering their weapons. Ali Mansour Mohammed, an Iraqi detainee, was shot and killed by US soldiers at or near their forward operating base, Summerall, near Beiji. 1st Lt. Michael C. Behenna and Staff Sgt. Hal M. Warner were later charged with the shooting.
    (AP, 5/16/08)(AP, 9/21/08)
2008        May 16, The EU aid chief said that Myanmar's junta still would not budge on accepting foreign relief workers, two weeks after the cyclone tragedy. State media said the death toll had risen to nearly 78,000.
    (AP, 5/16/08)(WSJ, 5/17/08, p.A1)
2008        May 16, Pakistan's ambassador to Afghanistan was freed unharmed three months after he vanished in a tribal area in the border region. Tariq Azizuddin had disappeared Feb. 11 along with his driver and bodyguard as they drove from Peshawar toward the border.
    (AP, 5/17/08)(SSFC, 5/18/08, p.A9)
2008        May 16, In Peru European and Latin American leaders concluded their 5th summit in a decade and pledged to fight poverty, global warming and high food prices, presenting a show of unity amid a festering conflict between two South American nations.
    (AP, 5/17/08)
2008        May 16, In the Philippines at least 8 bank employees and a security guard were lined up and shot dead in the head in a bloody bank robbery in Cabuyao, Laguna province. Another employee was in critical condition at a hospital. On May 30 Ricardo Gomolon (38), a former soldier, was among three people arrested over the murder of 10 people in one of the Philippines' deadliest bank robberies. 2 suspects were still at large.
    (AP, 5/16/08)(AFP, 5/30/08)
2008        May 16, Pres. Bush arrived in Saudi Arabia and appealed for increased oil production just as prices hit another record high.
    (AP, 5/16/08)
2008        May 16, Sri Lankan ground troops killed at least 16 Tamil Tiger rebels while air force fighter jets bombed guerrilla targets in the island's north. The offensive came hours after a suicide bomber rammed into a police bus in the capital of Colombo, killing 11 people and injuring more than 80.
    (AFP, 5/17/08)
2008        May 16, London-based Tullow Oil Plc announced the discovery of oil reserves in western Uganda, boosting hopes for the energy-starved east African nation.
    (AFP, 5/16/08)
2008        May 16, Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe acknowledged he had suffered an electoral disaster in losing a first round against arch rival Morgan Tsvangirai, as the date for a run-off was fixed for June 27.
    (AFP, 5/16/08)

2008        May 17, This was the official release date by the US Mint for the Adams dollar coin, the 6th of its presidential dollar series.
    (WSJ, 12/27/07, p.D6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Presidential_$1_Coin_Act_of_2005)
2008        May 17, In Louisiana 6 train cars derailed spilling 8-10 thousand gallons of hydrochloric acid and forming a toxic cloud over Lafayette, 125 miles west of New Orleans.
    (WSJ, 5/19/08, p.A2)
2008        May 17, In Afghanistan a roadside blast hit a vehicle in the eastern Paktia province, left three civilians dead. A bomb placed on a bicycle exploded as a police vehicle passed by outside Kandahar. The blast killed a 10-year old boy and wounded another civilian. 15 Taliban rebels were killed in an operation by the Afghan military in southwestern Badgis province.
    (AP, 5/17/08)(AFP, 5/18/08)
2008        May 17, In China the confirmed death toll rose to 28,881 as thousands of earthquake victims fled areas near the epicenter, fearful of floods from rivers blocked by landslides rattled loose in this week's powerful temblor. A 6.1-magnitude earthquake shook Sichuan province. At least 14 people died in a collision between a bus and a tractor in eastern China.
    (AP, 5/17/08)(Reuters, 5/17/08)
2008        May 17, Dominican Republic President Leonel Fernandez declared victory in the national election and pledged to continue pushing forward economic projects that have helped pull the Caribbean nation's economy out of crisis.
    (AP, 5/17/08)
2008        May 17, In Egypt Pres. Bush opened two days of talks with a string of leaders in Sharm El-Sheik by sitting down with Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak.
    (AP, 5/17/08)
2008        May 17, Voters in Kuwait lined up to vote in parliamentary elections that could substantially change the legislative body of this tiny, oil-rich Gulf emirate following electoral reforms to reduce corruption and vote buying.
    (AP, 5/17/08)
2008        May 17, Iraq’s PM al Maliki met with US House Speaker Nancy Pelosi in  Baghdad. Her visit came amid complaints the Iraqi government is not contributing enough financially to the reconstruction of the oil-rich country. Mortar shells slammed into a residential area north of the Iraqi capital, killing at least four people, a man and 3 children, and wounding 30. US airstrikes killed six militants and destroyed a weapons cache after troops were attacked by rocket-propelled grenades and small-arms fire near Khan Bani Saad, north of Baghdad. American soldiers killed two other militants after coming under attack by a roadside bomb and small-arms fire in Baghdad’s northern Shiite neighborhood of Kazimiyah.
    (AP, 5/17/08)(AP, 5/18/08)
2008        May 17, Frustrated world leaders tightened the pressure on Myanmar, raising the allegation of crimes against humanity over the regime's slow-moving response to the cyclone disaster. Diplomats witnessed "huge" devastation in the Irrawaddy delta and the toll of dead and missing from the cyclone rose above 133,000 people.
    (AFP, 5/17/08)(Reuters, 5/17/08)
2008        May 17, In the Philippines Tropical Storm Halong made landfall in Pangasinan province, northwest of Manila. By May 20 the death toll from the storm had reached 37.
    (AP, 5/21/08)
2008        May 17, Somali pirates hijacked a Jordanian-flagged ship, called the Victoria, in the latest in a string of attacks off the lawless coast of Somalia. Islamic insurgents in Somalia seized a major agricultural center overnight in Jilib. 2 militia fighters were killed. The UAE-owned ship was released on May 23.
    (AP, 5/17/08)(AP, 5/18/08)(AP, 5/23/08)
2008        May 17, Spanish police announced the arrest of five people this week suspected of hacking into or outright disabling thousands of Internet pages, some of them run by government agencies in the US, Latin America and Asia. Two of the suspects were 16 years old. The others were 19 or 20.
    (AP, 5/17/08)
2008        May 17, Sri Lankan air force helicopters bombed a Tamil Tiger rebel operations center in the contested north. Separate ground battles killed 12 insurgents.
    (AP, 5/18/08)
2008        May 17, In eastern Turkey a clash between soldiers and Kurdish rebels left 6 rebels dead in Van province.
    (AP, 5/17/08)
2008        May 17, Zimbabwean opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai postponed his expected return home to contest an election run-off after his party said it had discovered an assassination plot against him.
    (AP, 5/17/08)

2008        May 18, In SF the 97th running of the Bay to Breakers drew some 60,000 participants, of which 33,000 had officially registered.
    (SFC, 5/19/08, p.A1)
2008        May 18, Surgeon Harry Buncke (b.1922), Canada-born microsurgery pioneer, died in California. In 1972 He performed the first toe-to-thumb transplant at San Francisco’s Franklin Hospital, later called Ralph K. Davies Medical Center. Buncke came to be called the father of microsurgery.
    (SFC, 5/21/08, p.B7)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harry_J._Buncke)
2008        May 18, Lawrence Roman (b.1921), screenwriter, died in Woodland Hills, Ca. His work included the 1960 Broadway play “Under the Yum-Yum Tree," which he also adopted to film in 1963. During his career he wrote more than 20 films and teleplays.
    (SFC, 5/27/08, p.B3)
2008        May 18, Osama bin Laden released a new message denouncing Arab leaders for sacrificing the Palestinians and saying the head of the Shiite militant group Hezbollah did not really have the strength to take on Israel.
    (AP, 5/19/08)
2008        May 18, Sayed Parwez Kambakhsh (24), an Afghan journalism student sentenced to death for insulting Islam, denied the charges before an appeals court, saying he only confessed to questioning the religion's treatment of women because he was tortured. In 2008 an appeal court overturned the death sentence, but upheld his conviction of blasphemy and sentenced him to 20 years in jail. A police officer was killed and two others injured when their patrolling convoy came under fire from rebels in the southwestern province of Farah. A soldier with a US-led military coalition and an Afghan "non-combatant" were killed when a bomb blew up their vehicle in southern Afghanistan. A suicide bombing in Helmand province killed four people.
    (AP, 5/18/08)(AFP, 5/18/08)(AFP, 5/19/08)(AP, 5/20/08)(AP, 10/21/08)
2008        May 18, In Burundi as the government and rebels sought unsuccessfully to reach agreement in negotiations to reinstate a 2006 ceasefire deal, the army attacked National Liberation Forces (FNL) rebel positions south of Bujumbura.
    (AFP, 5/20/08)
2008        May 18, China declared three days of national mourning for earthquake victims and ordered a suspension of the Olympic torch relay, as the search for survivors of the disaster grew bleak with the confirmed death toll rising to 32,476.
    (AP, 5/18/08)
2008        May 18, In Colombia Eldaneyis Mosquera, also known as "Karina," a wanted leader of Latin America's largest guerrilla army, handed herself over to Colombian authorities.
    (AP, 5/19/08)
2008        May 18, Cuban officials said they have documented proof that US officials on the island are delivering private funds to political dissidents in order to undermine the communist government.
    (AP, 5/18/08)
2008        May 18, In Egypt Pres. Bush lectured the Arab world about everything from political repression to the denial of women's rights but ran into Palestinian complaints he is favoring Israel in stalled Mideast peace talks. His message was aimed at the countries in the region where the political and civil systems are far from free as he ended a five-day Mideast trip.
    (AP, 5/18/08)
2008        May 18, Ethiopia's electoral board said the ruling party won nearly all seats in last month's local polls and parliamentary by-elections that were marred by boycotts and accusations of repression. Official data said the ruling Ethiopian Peoples' Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) won 97 percent of the vote held on April 13 and 20.
    (AFP, 5/18/08)
2008        May 18, In eastern India at least 16 people were killed in clashes between rival political parties during local council elections. Over 200 people were injured as supporters of the Communist Party, which governs in West Bengal state, and the Congress Party that heads the federal government, fought battles using guns and rocks.
    (AP, 5/19/08)(WSJ, 5/20/08, p.A15)
2008        May 18, A parked car bomb struck an Iraqi army patrol in eastern Baghdad, killing two soldiers and wounding six other people.
    (AP, 5/18/08)
2008        May 18, In Italy residents of Naples, fed up with the stench from months of uncollected rubbish, used the waste to barricade streets in protest at the long-running crisis.
    (AP, 5/18/08)   
2008        May 18, Kuwait's parliamentary elections showed strong gains for Muslim hardliners. Women candidates failed to win a single seat.
    (AP, 5/18/08)
2008        May 18, An American woman (28) was among four people found dead in the Mexican beach town of Playas de Rosarito, near border with California.
    (AP, 5/20/08)
2008        May 18, A senior UN envoy went to Myanmar to urge its military junta to accept more international aid for cyclone survivors. A British minister suggested the isolationist regime may be relenting.
    (AP, 5/18/08)
2008        May 18, Pakistani Taliban carried out a suicide attack in the northwestern city of Mardan. 13 people were killed there in revenge for an earlier suspected US missile strike on a rebel hideout at Damadola.
    (AFP, 5/19/08)
2008        May 18, In South Africa mobs killed at least six people and injured 50 in anti-foreigner violence that has spread through poor suburbs of Johannesburg. Zimbabweans were mainly targeted. The trouble started last week in the sprawling township of Alexandra, where angry residents accused foreigners of taking scarce jobs and housing.
    (AP, 5/18/08)
2008        May 18, In Sri Lanka government soldiers and the rebels fought several battles in northern Mannar district, killing 40 rebels and 10 soldiers while three other soldiers are reported missing. 21 other rebels and seven soldiers were also killed in scattered fighting, mortar fire and mine blasts across Jaffna. A pro-rebel Web site reported that the rebels have stalled a military advance in Mannar, killing 26 soldiers and wounding more than 50. Three insurgents were also killed in the battle the Web site reported, quoting an unnamed rebel official.
    (AP, 5/19/08)
2008        May 18, Turkmenistan held a foundation-laying ceremony in Ashgabat for a new, $70 million, 607-foot monument that will rise twice as high as Turkmenistan's current record-holder, a tower topped by a golden statue of late dictator Niyazov that rotates to face the sun.
    (AP, 5/19/08)
2008        May 18, A Yemeni-American on the FBI's Most Wanted list of terror suspects was jailed in Yemen after an appeals court upheld his 10-year prison sentence. Jaber Elbaneh has been accused of belonging to al-Qaida, convicted of plots to attack oil installations in Yemen and of involvement in a 2002 attack on the French tanker Limburg off Yemen's coast that killed one person. On November 8 Elbaneh’s sentence was cut to 5 years after winning an appeal.
    (AP, 5/19/08)(AP, 11/8/08)

2008        May 19, The US Justice Department said international investigators have busted a vast Internet fraud network and charged 38 suspects, most of them Romanians living in the US.
    (AFP, 5/19/08)
2008        May 19, Federal regulators said eight former AOL Time Warner Inc. executives fraudulently inflated the company's online advertising revenues by more than $1 billion between 2000 and 2002.
    (AP, 5/19/08)
2008        May 19, Al Gore received a $1 million prize on Monday for his environmental work from an Israeli fund. The Dan David Foundation awarded the former vice president its annual "present" prize for alerting the world to the crisis from the overuse of fossil fuels.
    (AP, 5/19/08)
2008        May 19, Google made available a free service allowing customers to manage their medical records online at www.google.com/health.
    (SFC, 5/20/08, p.D1)
2008        May 19, Huntington Hartford (b.1911), the deep-pocketed A&P grocery heir who burned through most of a $100 million fortune in a series of fruitless business and cultural endeavors before his life unraveled, died at his home in Lyford Cay, Nassau, in the Bahamas.
    (AP, 5/19/08)
2008        May 19, In eastern Afghanistan a suicide attacker blew himself up near Afghan troops in a bazaar near the Pakistani border, wounding four soldiers and a civilian translator. 8 Taliban were killed in a military raid elsewhere. The decapitated body of a policeman was found in the southwestern province of Farah, a day after he had been captured by Taliban fighters. In eastern Afghanistan militants fired mortars at an aid agency's water tanker, killed the driver and stole his tanker. In southwestern Nimroz province, a mine blew up a truck transporting sheep and killed five men and several of the animals. In Wardak, near Kabul, a mine apparently intended for police exploded under a civilian car and killed two people. Two soldiers with NATO's International Security Assistance Force were killed in separate insurgency-related incidents in southern Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 5/19/08)(AFP, 5/20/08)
2008        May 19, Argentine farmers announced plans to suspend a 13-day strike and resume grain sales, paving the way for talks with the government to end contentious export restrictions.
    (AP, 5/20/08)
2008        May 19, In Australia the Tasmania state government said the Tasmanian devil will be listed as an endangered species this week as a result of a deadly and disfiguring cancer outbreak. Animal rights activists said Australian authorities have started the controversial killing of about 400 kangaroos on the outskirts of Australia's capital of Canberra.
    (AFP, 5/19/08)(AP, 5/19/08)
2008        May 19, British lawmakers voted to approve controversial plans to allow the use of animal-human embryos for research.
    (AP, 5/19/08)
2008        May 19, China stood still to begin 3 days of mourning over tens of thousands of earthquake victims, and the government appealed for more international aid to cope with the country's deadliest disaster in a generation. The confirmed death toll from the May 12 quake rose to 34,073.
    (AP, 5/19/08)(Econ, 5/24/08, p.57)
2008        May 19, In southern India police said locally brewed liquor apparently tainted with lethal chemicals killed at least 59 people over the weekend. By May 21 the death toll rose to 156.
    (AP, 5/19/08)(AP, 5/21/08)
2008        May 19, The Iraqi Interior Ministry reported the arrest of Abdul-Khaliq al-Sabawi, a top al-Qaida in Iraq figure in the northern city of Mosul, where security forces have been carrying out an intensified crackdown to root out the terror network. Lt. Col. Farhan Qassim, the police chief of the southern town of Suq al-Shiyoukh, was killed by a bomb that exploded in his office. Suspected Sunni insurgents near the Syrian border ambushed a minibus carrying Iraqi recruits killing all 11 passengers.
    (AP, 5/19/08)(SFC, 5/20/08, p.A8)
2008        May 19, In Ireland UN chief Ban Ki-Moon called for a "visionary" global deal to ban cluster bombs, as delegates from over 100 countries opened a conference aimed at outlawing the lethal weapons.
    (AFP, 5/19/08)
2008        May 19, Japan’s tourism ministry named Hello Kitty as its choice to represent the country in China and Hong Kong, two places where she is wildly popular among kids and young women.
    (AP, 5/19/08)
2008        May 19, Nissan Motor Co. and NEC corp. announced plans to begin mass-producing lithium-ion batteries for electric cars. Nissan and Renault planned to have an all-electric car in the US and Japan by 2010.
    (WSJ, 5/20/08, p.B1)
2008        May 19, In Mexico the military took over the town of Zirandaro near Texas after all 20 of its police officers were either killed, run out of town or quit.
    (AP, 5/23/08)
2008        May 19, Myanmar declared three days of mourning for cyclone victims after agreeing to an international aid effort led by its Southeast Asian neighbors to help two million survivors in dire need.
    (AFP, 5/19/08)
2008        May 19, In western Nepal 36 people were killed when an overcrowded bus careened off a mountain highway into a river. Another 10 were presumed dead.
    (AFP, 5/20/08)
2008        May 19, In the Philippines a man strafed several houses during a shooting spree in a town south of Manila, killing eight people and wounding six others. Five of the dead were children aged 4-12 years who were sleeping inside their homes in Calamba town. The lone suspect escaped.
    (AP, 5/19/08)
2008        May 19, Matrook al-Faleh was arrested at King Saud University in the Saudi capital Riyadh, where he teaches political science. A rights group said it came after al-Faleh publicly criticized conditions in a prison where two other human rights activists are serving jail terms. Faleh was released in January, 2009.
    (AP, 5/25/08)(AP, 1/11/09)
2008        May 19, In South Africa police fired rubber bullets and made arrests to try to quell outbursts of anti-foreigner violence in and around Johannesburg, as the death toll reached 22.
    (AP, 5/19/08)
2008        May 19, Suspected members of a Basque separatist group allegedly exploded a car bomb in a northern Basque town, causing considerable damage but no injuries.
    (AP, 5/19/08)
2008        May 19, In Turkey a law extending a smoking ban to most enclosed areas — including taxis, ferries and shopping malls — came into effect in the nicotine-addicted nation.
    (AP, 5/19/08)
2008        May 19, Zimbabwe's opposition party accused the country's military of plotting to assassinate the group's presidential candidate using snipers.
    (AP, 5/19/08)

2008        May 20, Sen. Barack Obama won the Oregon primary 58% to 42% for Hillary Clinton. In Kentucky Clinton won 65% to 30% for Obama. Obama’s delegate count rose to 1,956 with 1,776 for Clinton. 2,026 delegates were needed to win the Democratic nomination.
    (SFC, 5/21/08, p.A1)
2008        May 20, Massachusetts Sen. Edward Kennedy (76) was diagnosed with a malignant bran tumor.
    (WSJ, 5/21/08, p.A1)
2008        May 20, Merck & Co. announced that it had agreed to pay $58 million as part of a multi-state settlement of allegations that its ads played down the health risks for the painkiller Vioxx.
    (SFC, 5/21/08, p.C3)
2008        May 20, Scientists delivered a warning about nanotechnology after tests on lab rodents found that microscopic, needle-like fibers that are already in commercial use led to lesions similar to those caused by asbestos.
    (AFP, 5/20/08)
2008        May 20, Hamilton Jordan (b.1944), former strategist and chief of staff for Pres. Jimmy Carter, died in Atlanta, Georgia.
    (SFC, 5/21/08, p.A5)
2008        May 20, In Afghanistan airstrikes and a 3-hour gun battle in Zabul province killed an Afghan army soldier and 14 insurgents. 6 of the dead insurgents appeared to be Arabs.
    (AP, 5/21/08)(WSJ, 5/22/08, p.A9)
2008        May 20, Painted and feathered Indians waving machetes and clubs slashed Eletrobras engineer Paulo Fernando Rezende, an official of Brazil's national electric company during a protest over a proposed hydroelectric dam on the Xingu River. Environmentalists warned it could destroy the traditional fishing grounds of Indians living nearby and displace as many as 15,000 people. The government said the proposed US$6.7 billion (euro4.3 billion) dam would supply Brazil with an estimated 11,000 megawatts of power and is essential to meet growing energy demand.
    (AP, 5/20/08)
2008        May 20, British PM Gordon Brown urged rich countries to end agricultural subsidies, and said he will press for a global trade agreement to help the world's poorest farmers escape poverty.
    (AP, 5/20/08)
2008        May 20, The Dalai Lama began an 11-day visit to Britain, including talks with PM Gordon Brown who faces a delicate balancing act between supporting Tibetan rights while not offending China.
    (AP, 5/20/08)
2008        May 20, Howard Dill (b.1934)), Canadian pumpkin grower, died in Nova Scotia. In 1979 he grew a 438-pound pumpkin, the largest in the world and proceeded to win the pumpkin growers world championship 4 years in a row using his new seed variety, Dill’s Atlantic Giant.
    (WSJ, 6/7/08, p.A12)
2008        May 20, In China the confirmed death toll rose to more than 40,000 as authorities struggled to find shelter for many of the 5 million people whose homes were destroyed in last week's earthquake.
    (AP, 5/20/08)
2008        May 20, In Ethiopia 3 people were killed and four wounded when a bomb exploded near the foreign ministry in central Addis Ababa.
    (AFP, 5/20/08)
2008        May 20, The UN children's agency warned that a severe drought in Ethiopia threatens up to six million children.
    (AP, 5/20/08)
2008        May 20, The European Parliament censured Italy for its treatment of Gypsies.
    (Econ, 5/24/08, p.71)
2008        May 20, Xavier Lopez Pena (49), the suspected leader of the Basque separatist group ETA, was detained along with three other suspected ETA members in a sweep on an apartment in the French city of Bordeaux just before midnight.
    (AP, 5/21/08)
2008        May 20, Guinea’s Pres. Conte unexpectedly fired PM Kouyate. Junior troops disgruntled over back pay and demanding that Guinea's top generals resign began firing into the air at several military bases on the outskirts of the capital, Conakry. They took the army's second-in-command hostage.
    (AP, 9/29/09)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lansana_Kouyat%C3%A9)
2008        May 20, Whale hunting season began in Iceland as the country's first whaling ship of the year set sail in defiance of a worldwide moratorium on the practice.
    (AP, 5/20/08)
2008        May 20, West Bengal, India, completed 2 weeks of local elections, which left 37 people killed in fighting by rival parties.
    (Econ, 5/24/08, p.59)
2008        May 20, Thousands of Iraqi troops moved unchallenged into Baghdad's Sadr City to seize the Shiite militia stronghold. Four anti-al-Qaida fighters were killed by gunmen in an ambush near Duluiyah, north of Baghdad. A boy (7) was killed when a suicide bomber blew himself up near the house of the head of the so-called awakening council in Mandali, east of the capital. Shells slammed into the center of Balad Ruz, 45 miles northeast of Baghdad, killing three civilians and wounding nine others.
    (AP, 5/20/08)
2008        May 20, Israeli aircraft launched at least three strikes on Palestinians, killing a boy (13), a Hamas fighter and an unidentified man. The first raid aircraft fired on the northeastern Gaza Strip at a group of Palestinians launching rockets. The 2nd aircraft fired at Palestinians who were planting explosives along the fence in central Gaza.
    (AP, 5/20/08)
2008        May 20, In Mexico’s Durango state two rival groups opened fire at each other with pistols and assault rifles on a highway, killing eight people. Officials said the Mexican military took over the police department of Villa Ahumada this week because all 20 officers on the force have either been killed, run out of town or quit. The body of Victor Enrique Payan, 2nd in command of police in Morelos, was found with a second, unidentified Morelos state police officer in the trunk of a car south of Mexico City.
    (AP, 5/20/08)(AP, 5/22/08)
2008        May 20, The UN's top humanitarian official made fresh pleas to Myanmar's military government to allow in more foreign aid for cyclone survivors, as the country began three days of mourning for the 134,000 dead and missing.
    (AP, 5/20/08)
2008        May 20, In Russia Pres. Medvedev convened top officials and lawyers to set up a task force aimed at cleaning up the weak and often corrupt court system.
    (WSJ, 5/21/08, p.A13)
2008        May 20, The International Organization for Migration (IOM) said a wave of violence against foreigners in South Africa has forced 13,000 people to flee their homes and seek shelter in churches and other social centers. Violence against foreigners had killed at least 24 people and unnerved investors.
    (AFP, 5/20/08)(Reuters, 5/20/08)
2008        May 20, In Sri Lanka ground battles in the Welioya, Vavuniya and Mannar areas bordering the rebels' de facto state in the north killed 25 rebels. Tamil leader Balasegaram Kandiah (43), known by his nom de guerre, Brig. Balraj, died of a heart attack. He reportedly led a number of battles against government forces.
    (AP, 5/21/08)
2008        May 20, In Sudan deadly fighting raged between rival forces in Abyei, a flashpoint oil district between north and south whose status remains contested three years after the end of civil war. 22 government troops died in fighting that threatened the peace process.
    (AP, 5/20/08)(AFP, 5/21/08)
2008        May 20, Taiwanese prosecutors launched a corruption probe against outgoing President Chen Shui-bian, hours after he completed eight combative years in office. Ma Ying-jeou (57) took office and exhorted Beijing to build a better future for people on both sides of the 100-mile-wide Taiwan Strait.
    (AP, 5/20/08)
2008        May 20, Ian Shuttleworth (42), a former British police officer, was arrested in Bangkok in an international crackdown on a sex trafficking ring that saw nine Thais detained last month in London. He was arrested at his apartment in downtown Bangkok, where he had set up a security company providing bodyguards to Thailand's elite. He is accused of luring Thai women into prostitution by promising them well-paid restaurant jobs in London, and then selling them to a madam.
    (AFP, 5/21/08)

2008        May 21, Pres. Bush signed legislation to protect people from losing their jobs or health insurance when genetic testing reveals they are susceptible to costly diseases. The Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act was designed to prohibit the improper use of genetic information in health insurance and employment.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genetic_Information_Nondiscrimination_Act)(WSJ, 5/22/08, p.D6)
2008        May 21, American Airlines said it will remove 75 of 954 aircraft in its fleet and start charging some domestic passengers $15 to check a suitcase due to rising fuel costs. Oil futures closed at a record $133.17.
    (SFC, 5/22/08, p.C1)(WSJ, 5/22/08, p.A1)
2008        May 21, In Afghanistan 2 NATO soldiers and a civilian interpreter were killed when an explosion hit them during a patrol in eastern Ghazni province. In eastern Kunar province a rocket hit a schoolyard in Asmor district, killing one student and wounding four others. The victims were between eight and 14 years old.
    (AP, 5/21/08)(WSJ, 5/22/08, p.A9)(AP, 5/23/08)
2008        May 21, In Australia Milton Orkopoulos (50), the former New South Wales state minister for Aboriginal affairs, was jailed for nearly 14 years on child sex and drugs charges.
    (AFP, 5/21/08)
2008        May 21, Ethiopian PM Meles Zenawi claimed that government troops have killed or captured 95 percent of rebels in the separatist Ogaden region.
    (AFP, 5/22/08)
2008        May 21, Hundreds of French fishermen clashed with police in Paris and severely disrupted cross-Channel traffic as they stepped up a 10-day-old protest against soaring fuel costs.
    (AFP, 5/21/08)
2008        May 21, Georgia held parliamentary elections.
    (AP, 5/22/08)
2008        May 21, India and Pakistan signed a pact in Islamabad granting consular access to prisoners in each other's jails but reported no significant progress in negotiations on the disputed Himalayan region of Kashmir.
    (AP, 5/21/08)
2008        May 21, In Indonesia thousands of students took to the streets across the country to protest the government's plan to raise fuel prices.
    (AP, 5/21/08)
2008        May 21, At least 11 people were killed when gunfire broke out after a roadside bombing in a Shiite militia stronghold in eastern Baghdad near Sadr City, scene of a major military clampdown. The shooting occurred in the Obeidi neighborhood after three roadside bombs targeted joint US-Iraqi troops. An Iraqi television cameraman, Wissam Ali Auda, of Afaq TV, was killed in the fighting. A second journalist was killed north of Baghdad. The bullet-riddled body of Hashim al-Hussein (35), a correspondent for the Sharq newspaper kidnapped a day earlier, was found dumped near the city of Baqouba. A US helicopter strike north of Baghdad killed 8 civilians, including several children. The US military said the assault targeted al-Qaida fighters but acknowledged that children died.
    (AP, 5/21/08)(AP, 5/22/08)
2008        May 21, Brian Keenan (66), a commanding figure during the Irish Republican Army's long march from war to peace, died of cancer.
    (AP, 5/21/08)
2008        May 21, Israel and Syria said they were holding indirect peace talks through Turkish mediators on a dispute that centers on the Golan Heights.
    (AP, 5/21/08)
2008        May 21, Premier Silvio Berlusconi moved his Cabinet meeting to Naples, vowing to clean the city's streets of the garbage that has piled up for months and become a stinking symbol of government inadequacy.
    (AP, 5/21/08)
2008        May 21, Lebanon's feuding factions reached a breakthrough deal, following talks in Qatar, to end the country's 18-month political stalemate. The deal gives the militant Hezbollah group and its allies veto over any government decision.
    (AP, 5/21/08)
2008        May 21, In northern Mali 27 people were killed, including 10 soldiers, following an insurgent attack on an army base. Ethnic Tuareg rebels active in the area claimed responsibility for the attack. They said only one of their fighters died in the skirmish and that they had taken some 60 soldiers hostages.
    (AP, 5/22/08)
2008        May 21, UN chief Ban Ki-moon began a mission for Myanmar's cyclone victims, saying "our focus now is on saving lives," as the military government gave approval UN helicopters to distribute aid.
    (Reuters, 5/21/08)(WSJ, 5/22/08, p.A1)
2008        May 21, In northern Nigeria 46 soldiers, who just returned from a peacekeeping mission in Darfur, were killed in a road accident. 10 people drowned and six were rescued when their boat capsized in Port Harcourt.
    (AFP, 5/22/08)(AFP, 5/23/08)
2008        May 21, Pakistan's government promised to "gradually" pull out troops from the northwestern valley of Swat after signing a peace agreement with Taliban militants.
    (Reuters, 5/21/08)
2008        May 21, In Moscow, Russia, Manchester United prevailed over Chelsea in the soccer final of the Champions League.
    (Econ, 5/24/08, p.77)
2008        May 21, The interior ministers of Senegal and Spain signed an agreement extending cooperation between the west African nation and the EU border control agency Frontex to combat illegal immigration by one year.
    (AFP, 5/21/08)
2008        May 21, In southern Somalia dozens of heavily armed gunmen kidnapped two Italian aid workers and their Somali colleague.
    (AP, 5/21/08)
2008        May 21, In South Africa xenophobic violence, that has killed at least 24 people, spilled over to the volatile Zulu heartland and security officials discussed whether to use troops to quell unrest.
    (Reuters, 5/21/08)
2008        May 21, Dozens of men on horseback armed with machine guns and rocket-propelled grenades ambushed Nigerian peacekeepers serving with the joint UN-African Union force in Darfur. No casualties were reported.
    (AP, 5/23/08)
2008        May 21, Two Swedish contractors were arrested suspected of preparing to sabotage The Oskarshamn nuclear power plant in southern Sweden, after traces of explosives were found on one of the men. Police released the 2 men the next day as technical experts continued an investigation.
    (AFP, 5/21/08)(Reuters, 5/22/08)
2008        May 21, Ukraine moved to strengthen its currency, the hryvnia, by revising its peg to the dollar form 5.05 hryvnia per dollar to 4.85.
    (WSJ, 5/22/08, p.C14)

2008        May 22, The US Congress enacted a farm bill over Pres. Bush’s veto sending new and bigger subsidies for farmers and more food stamps to help the poor with rising grocery prices.
    (SFC, 5/23/08, p.A5)
2008        May 22, Several companies agreed to pay a combined $24 million to pet owners to resolve lawsuits over contaminated pet food linked to the illness and death of animals. The settlement involving Canada-based Menu Foods Income Fund and other pet food manufacturers and suppliers was outlined in documents filed in the US District Court in New Jersey.
    (Reuters, 5/23/08)
2008        May 22, The Summit Fire began in the California’s Santa Cruz mountains. After 5 days it had covered 4,270 acres and destroyed 31 residences before becoming fully contained.
    (SFC, 5/23/08, p.A1)(SFC, 5/28/08, p.B2)
2008        May 22, A tornado hit northern Colorado killing one person.
    (WSJ, 5/23/08, p.A1)
2008        May 22, In western Afghanistan gunfire broke out in Ghor province at a protest against a US sniper in Iraq who used a Quran for target practice. Two civilians were slain and seven others were wounded. A NATO soldier from Lithuania was killed, the first of the Baltic country's troops to die while serving there.
    (AP, 5/22/08)(AFP, 5/22/08)
2008        May 22, Bangladesh reported its first confirmed case of human bird flu, but said the 16-month-old victim had now recovered from the virus.
    (AFP, 5/22/08)
2008        May 22, Britain’s PM Gordon Brown called for a total ban on the use of cluster bombs by the British military. Nicky Reilly, would-be suicide bomber, tried to detonate a nail bomb in a restaurant in Exeter but injured only himself. He had embraced Islam between 2002 and 2003 and called himself Mohammad Rashid Saeed Alim. In 2009 Reilly (22) was sentenced to a minimum of 18 years in prison.
    (AFP, 5/22/08)(AP, 1/30/09)
2008        May 22, In Canada a shoe-clad foot was discovered on a small uninhabited island south of Vancouver in the Strait of Georgia, and is the fourth discovered in the region in the past 10 months. Police did not know where they are coming from.
    (Reuters, 5/23/08)
2008        May 22, China said the toll of dead and missing from last week's powerful earthquake jumped to more than 80,000, while the government appealed for millions of tents to shelter homeless survivors.
    (AP, 5/22/08)
2008        May 22, Tens of thousands of French workers took to the streets as unions mounted a one-day show of force against President Nicolas Sarkozy's government over pension reforms.
    (AP, 5/22/08)
2008        May 22, Partial returns and an exit poll showed President Mikhail Saakashvili's ruling party heading for a strong majority in Georgia's parliamentary election. United Opposition co-leader David Gamkrelidze alleged widespread cheating and pressure on opponents by authorities in areas outside Tbilisi.
    (AP, 5/22/08)
2008        May 22, Indonesians faced runaway inflation and higher interest rates after the government vowed to hike subsidized fuel prices by an average 28.7% despite widespread protests.
    (AP, 5/22/08)
2008        May 22, Pres. al-Maliki met with the Iraq’s most influential Shiite spiritual leader, Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani, to discuss his government crackdowns. Iraq's most influential Shiite cleric has been quietly issuing religious edicts declaring that armed resistance against US-led foreign troops is permissible.
    (AP, 5/22/08)(AP, 5/23/08)
2008        May 22, In Pakistan unidentified gunmen shot dead Muhammad Ibrahim (44), a reporter for Urdu-language Express newspaper, after he interviewed a spokesman for Taliban militants in a tribal area bordering Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 5/23/08)
2008        May 22, A Palestinian suicide bomber detonated a truck loaded with explosives as he tried to ram a crucial crossing between the Gaza Strip and Israel. There were no casualties besides the bomber.
    (AP, 5/22/08)
2008        May 22, A US government agency signed a political risk insurance deal with a Palestinian firm to help guarantee investments in the West Bank as part of an international effort to develop the beleaguered local economy.
    (AP, 5/22/08)
2008        May 22, The South African army mobilized in support of embattled police trying to quell a wave of violence against immigrants that has claimed 42 lives and displaced 16,000. More than 10,000 Mozambicans have fled home from South Africa to escape the xenophobic attacks.
    (AP, 5/22/08)
2008        May 22, In Sri Lanka government soldiers killed 11 insurgents in three separate clashes in Vavuniya. 10 soldiers were wounded. Other battles in Jaffna, Mannar and Welioya killed 11 rebels and two soldiers.
    (AP, 5/23/08)
2008        May 22, Thailand's PM Sundaravej pledged to sell rice to Manila at "negotiable" rates, as he began a visit to the Philippines, which is working to boost its stocks of the grain.
    (AFP, 5/22/08)
2008        May 22, Two Turkish soldiers were killed in an overnight clash with Kurdish rebels in southeastern Turkey. Troops killed two Kurdish rebels near the southeastern city of Sirnak.
    (AP, 5/22/08)(AP, 5/24/08)

2008        May 23, Vallejo, Ca., officially declared Chapter 9 bankruptcy as it faced a $16 million deficit with no money in reserve for fiscal year 2008-2009. Vallejo, population 117,000, emerged from bankruptcy on Nov 1, 2011. Legal fees cost the city $8 million.
    (SFC, 5/24/08, p.B1)(SFC, 11/2/11, p.C5)
2008        May 23, In Kansas at least 17 tornadoes touched ground, one of which killed 2 people in a car 75 miles west of Wichita.
    (SSFC, 5/25/08, p.A2)
2008        May 23, George Frederick Jewett Jr. (81), former director of Potlatch Corp., philanthropist and sailing buff, died in SF. He had chaired 5 America’s Cup syndicates.
    (SFC, 5/26/08, p.B3)
2008        May 23, Utah Phillips (b.1935), a seminal figure in American folk music, died of congestive heart failure in Nevada City, California. Born Bruce Duncan Phillips in Cleveland, Ohio, he had performed extensively and tirelessly for audiences on two continents for 38 years.
    (www.utahphillips.org/)
2008        May 23, In eastern Afghanistan a suicide bomber blew himself up as an Afghan army convoy slowed to pass a pothole-riddled section of road, killing four soldiers and a child. In southern Afghanistan several insurgents were killed and six others detained during a US-led coalition operation.
    (AP, 5/23/08)(AP, 5/24/08)
2008        May 23, In Brazil 12 South American leaders gathered in Brasilia to set up the Union of South American Nations. UNASUR was expected to replace the South American Community, declared in 2004, and unite the Mercosur and Andean Community free trade areas. Members included Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay and Venezuela.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UNASUR_Constitutive_Treaty)(Econ, 5/31/08, p.41)
2008        May 23, China and Russia jointly condemned a US plan for a global missile defense system at the start of a highly symbolic visit by new Russian President Dmitry Medvedev.
    (AP, 5/23/08)
2008        May 23, UN peacekeepers found over 100 bodies in three mass graves in the east of Democratic Republic of Congo. A UN spokesman said they apparently were graves dating back to the 1990s, but that is was difficult to know accurately.
    (Reuters, 5/24/08)
2008        May 23, Indonesia's government raised gasoline pump prices by nearly 30 percent because of the surging cost of oil and gas on the global market. The move triggered generally peaceful protests throughout the vast Indonesian archipelago.
    (AP, 6/24/08)
2008        May 23, Clashes between Israeli troops and Palestinian militants in the Gaza Strip left five militants dead.
    (AP, 5/23/08)
2008        May 23, Frank Phel (74), an American tourist, was hit and killed by a train at a Rome station as he was walking on the tracks in a daze after being drugged and robbed. The suspected robber was arrested the next day.
    (AP, 5/26/08)
2008        May 23, Japan allocated $54 million in emergency grants to the UN to help Afghanistan, Africa and Palestinian refugees cope with the ongoing food crisis.
    (AP, 5/23/08)
2008        May 23, Mexico's attorney general said homicides related to organized crime jumped 47 percent in 2008, in a rare confirmation of how bad violence has become.
    (AP, 5/23/08)
2008        May 23, Mexican federal officials said they plan to clean up Acapulco's bay, where an estimated 400 gallons (1,700 liters) of sewage spews into the Pacific ocean every second.
    (AP, 5/23/08)
2008        May 23, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said Myanmar's junta agreed to allow all aid workers into the country after weeks of refusing access to foreign relief experts seeking to help cyclone survivors.
    (AP, 5/23/08)
2008        May 23, The International Court of Justice awarded Singapore sovereignty over a disputed island at the eastern entrance of the Singapore Straits. The ICJ ruled in favor of Singapore in the 28-year dispute with Malaysia over a tiny but strategic uninhabited island the size of half a football field. The court, however, gave Malaysia ownership of a smaller uninhabited outcropping. Sovereignty over a third disputed cluster of rocks was left to be determined later between the countries when they sort out their territorial waters.
    (AP, 5/23/08)
2008        May 23, In Somalia a roadside bomb exploded near a compound housing African Union (AU) peacekeepers in Mogadishu, causing some casualties.
    (AFP, 5/23/08)
2008        May 23, South Africa's security chief accused right wingers, linked to the former apartheid government, of fanning xenophobic violence that has spread to Cape Town, the second largest city and tourist center.
    (Reuters, 5/23/08)
2008        May 23, In Sri Lanka Army troops launched two separate attacks along the front lines on the Jaffna peninsula and destroyed 13 rebel bunkers. Guerrillas said 16 civilians were killed in a roadside bomb attack carried out by government forces deep inside Tamil Tiger territory. Rebels also said a government airstrike elsewhere in Kilinochchi killed an infant and a teenage girl. Other fighting in the Vavuniya and Mannar regions bordering the rebels' de facto state in the north killed seven rebels and one soldier.
    (AP, 5/24/08)
2008        May 23, In Turkey one rebel and one village guard were killed in a clash near the border with Iran.
    (AP, 5/24/08)
2008        May 23, A UN food aid agency said the response to its appeal for money to help meet soaring fuel and food costs went beyond what it had hoped to collect, saying $500 million from Saudi Arabia means it won't have to cut rations.
    (AP, 5/23/08)

2008        May 24, In California a tour helicopter crashed on Santa Catalina Island killing 3 people and injuring 3 others.
    (SSFC, 5/25/08, p.A6)
2008        May 24, In Georgia Kirk Wright (37), convicted of leading an investment scheme, hanged himself in the Union City jail. He faced up to 710 years in prison and a fine up to $16 million. An SEC suit had already hit him with a $20 million judgment for fraud and money laundering related to the 2006 collapse of his Int’l. Management Associates hedge fund.
    (WSJ, 5/27/08, p.C12)
2008        May 24, Dick Martin (86), the zany half of the comedy team whose "Rowan and Martin's Laugh-In," died in Santa Monica, Ca. He took television by storm in the 1960s, making stars of Goldie Hawn and Lily Tomlin and creating such national catch-phrases as "Sock it to me!"
    (AP, 5/25/08)
2008        May 24, Jimmy McGriff (b.1936), blues organist, died in New Jersey.
    (SFC, 5/29/08, p.B5)
2008        May 24, Stuart Moldaw (81) of Atherton, Ca., philanthropist and founder of Ross Stores (1981), died. By 2007 Ross had become the country’s 2nd largest off-price retailer with annual sales of $6 billion.
    (SFC, 5/28/08, p.B9)
2008        May 24, Disaster-prone Bangladesh announced that it would plant 100 million trees to create a "natural fence" against frequent floods and cyclones.
    (AP, 5/24/08)
2008        May 24, Belgian police in Brussels arrested Jean-Pierre Bemba (45), a Congolese warlord and ex-presidential candidate, after he was secretly charged with rape and torture. Bemba was accused of war crimes and crimes against humanity as head of a militia that allegedly committed atrocities in Central African Republic's conflict in 2002-2003.
    (AP, 5/25/08)
2008        May 24, In England Rob Knox (18), teenage actor who had a part in the next Harry Potter film, was stabbed and killed in a scuffle outside a bar. Karl Bishop (21), from Sidcup in Kent, was accused of the murder. On March 4, 2009, Bishop was convicted of murder. The next day he was sentenced to life in prison.
    (AFP, 5/27/08)(AP, 3/5/09)
2008        May 24, In China rescuers rushed to reach 24 coal miners trapped underground by the earthquake almost two weeks ago, as the government sharply raised the quake's death toll, warning it could exceed 80,000.
    (AP, 5/24/08)
2008        May 24, In Colombia a moderate earthquake shook Bogota, killing at least six people and injuring more than 10.
    (AP, 5/25/08)
2008        May 24, Deutsche Telekom acknowledged that in 2005 it had hired an outside firm to track hundreds of thousands of phone calls by senior executives and journalists to identify the sources of press leaks. The practice continued into 2006.
    (AP, 5/26/08)(Econ, 6/7/08, p.65)
2008        May 24, Lawmakers loyal to anti-US cleric Muqtada al-Sadr accused the Iraqi government of trying to crush the movement and warned of "black clouds" on the horizon for truces that have eased fighting between al-Sadr's militia and security forces. Clashes broke out before midnight between Shiite gunmen and US-Iraqi troops in the Amin area in eastern Baghdad, killing two civilians and wounding three others, including a 4-year-old boy.
    (AP, 5/24/08)(AP, 5/25/08)
2008        May 24, Israeli forces attacked two groups of Palestinian militants firing mortar shells in the northern Gaza Strip, wounding 4 Hamas gunmen.
    (SSFC, 5/25/08, p.A4)
2008        May 24, Top Pakistani Taliban warlord Baitullah Mehsud said jihad, or holy war, would continue in Afghanistan, despite peace negotiations between the militants and Islamabad. Separate roadside bomb attacks in Pakistan's volatile northwest killed three people, including a local police chief.
    (AFP, 5/24/08)
2008        May 24, Russia won the Eurovision song contest in Belgrade with "Believe", sung by Dima Bilan, giving an eastern European nation victory for the third time in five years.
    (AFP, 5/25/08)
2008        May 24, In Saudi Arabia authorities beheaded a local man convicted of armed robbery and raping a woman. The execution brings the number of people beheaded this year to 55.
    (AP, 5/24/08)
2008        May 24, In South Africa thousands of people marched through Johannesburg, calling for an end to xenophobic violence that has killed over 40 African migrants and displaced tens of thousands.
    (Reuters, 5/24/08)
2008        May 24, In northern Sri Lanka a new round of fighting killed seven Tamil separatists and two soldiers.
    (AP, 5/25/08)
2008        May 24, Morgan Tsvangirai returned to Zimbabwe for an election run-off with President Robert Mugabe and said the veteran leader wanted to "decimate" MDC structures.
    (Reuters, 5/24/08)

2008        May 25, The Libertarian Party picked Bob Barr, a former Georgia congressman and ex-Republican, as its US presidential candidate.
    (Econ, 5/31/08, p.38)
2008        May 25, Powerful storms packing large hail, heavy rain and tornadoes made for a deadly Memorial Day weekend across the nation's midsection, killing at least seven people in Iowa and a 2-year-old child in Minnesota. 222 homes were destroyed in Iowa.
    (AP, 5/26/08)(SFC, 5/28/08, p.A2)
2008        May 25, NASA’s Phoenix Mars Lander landed safely in the Vastitas Borealis area and began sending images home after a 10-month, 422 million-mile journey. On May 24, 2010, NASA declared the Phoenix lander officially dead.
    (AP, 5/26/08)(Econ, 5/31/08, p.83)(SFC, 5/25/10, p.A4)
2008        May 25, In California the decomposed bodies of 5 family members were found in a home in San Clemente. 2 handguns were found with the bodies.
    (SFC, 5/27/08, p.A3)
2008        May 25, J.R. Simplot (b.1909) died in Boise, Idaho. He had left home in 1923 at age 14 with four gold coins given to him by his mother. He ended his life as the spud king of America and one of the nation's richest men. In 2007 Forbes magazine listed him as the 89th richest American with $3.6 billion.
    (AP, 5/26/08)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/J._R._Simplot)(SFC, 5/29/08, p.B5)
2008        May 25, In Kandahar, Afghanistan, a suicide bomber hit a Canadian military convoy, killing one boy. A US-led coalition soldier was killed in an operation in western Farah province.
    (AP, 5/25/08)
2008        May 25, Burundian officials said the army killed three rebels near the capital over the weekend, the latest in a series of violent clashes in the central African nation.
    (AFP, 5/26/08)
2008        May 25, A 6.0 aftershock hit quake-ravaged central China killed 6 people, left dozens more injured and destroyed some 71,000 homes. Soldiers carrying explosives hiked to a blocked-off river to alleviate the threat of floods.
    (AP, 5/25/08)(SFC, 5/26/08, p.A8)
2008        May 25, EU foreign ministers approved much delayed plans to begin talks with Russia aimed at forging a new "strategic partnership."
    (AP, 5/26/08)
2008        May 25, The French film “The Class" (Entre les Murs) won the Palm d’Or at the Cannes Film Festival. It was based on m a book by Francois Begaudeau. Matteo Garrone’s “Gomorrah," a study of the criminal underworld in Naples, won the grand prize. Paolo Sorrentino’s “Il Divo," a portrait of former Premier Giulio Andreotti, won the jury award.
    (SFC, 5/26/08, p.F5)(Econ, 5/31/08, p.89)
2008        May 25, In India authorities invited leaders of one of India's lowest castes for talks as the death toll rose to 37 from three days of bloody demonstrations over caste classification in western Rajasthan state. The Gujjars sought to reclassify their hereditary sect to a lower level in order to qualify for government jobs and university places. The opposition Bharatiya Janata party won elections in Karnataka state.
    (AP, 5/25/08)(WSJ, 5/24/08, p.A16)
2008        May 25, Iran's state media said at least 30 people have died and 38 were injured in an explosion caused by fire at a factory in central Iran.
    (AP, 5/25/08)
2008        May 25, In Iraq a roadside bomb targeted a patrol of US-allied Sunni Arab fighters near a mosque in northern Baghdad, killing one of the so-called Awakening Council members and wounding three others. An American soldier was killed and two others were wounded in a roadside bombing in Qadisiyah province.
    (AP, 5/25/08)(AP, 5/27/08)
2008        May 25, An Iranian-born Israeli was charged with passing defense information to Tehran. The man told interrogators he repeatedly visited the Iranian consulate in Istanbul, Turkey, and gave the Iranians names of acquaintances he said served in the Israeli security forces.
    (AP, 5/25/08)
2008        May 25, A nationwide power outage hit Kenya as a result of a transmission fault from its hydro-electric plants, sparking panic in the east African nation.
    (AP, 5/26/08)
2008        May 25, In Lebanon Michel Suleiman was elected president. He asked PM Saniora to stay on as caretaker until a new administration is formed. Cabinet posts will be distributed according to the Doha agreement: 16 for the majority, 11 for the opposition and three for president, who heads the Cabinet.
    (AP, 5/26/08)
2008        May 25, A 52-nation international conference pledged tens of millions of dollars for some 2.4 million Myanmar survivors in need of aid. Official estimates put the death toll at about 78,000, with another 56,000 missing. Myanmar has estimated the economic damage at about $11 billion.
    (AP, 5/25/08)
2008        May 25, In Pakistan officials said heavy rains have killed at least 10 people in the northwest, including six children who died when part of their mud house collapsed.
    (AP, 5/25/08)
2008        May 25, In the southern Philippines at least 17 marines were wounded and two Muslim separatist rebels killed as fierce prolonged fighting broke out on Basilan island.
    (AFP, 5/25/08)
2008        May 25, The Amiya Scan, a Dutch freighter, was hijacked by pirates off the coast of Somalia. The ship and its crew of 4 Russians and 5 Filipinos were freed on June 25.
    (AP, 6/26/08)
2008        May 25, South African President Thabo Mbeki made a rare national address in which he condemned anti-immigrant violence as "an absolute disgrace." The death toll from two weeks of anti-immigrant violence rose to 50. Concerns mounted for some 35,000 people who have been displaced by the backlash.
    (AFP, 5/25/08)(AP, 5/25/08)
2008        May 25, It was reported that an estimated 5.4 million of South Africa's 48 million people have the AIDS virus, the highest total of any country. The epidemic was killing nearly 1,000 South Africans a day and infecting even more.
    (AP, 5/25/08)
2008        May 25, Spanish coastguard boats rescued 67 immigrants, including two corpses, from the sea near the Canary Islands.
    (AP, 5/25/08)

2008        May 26, David Mumford of Brown University said he would donate his $33,333 portion of the prestigious Israeli mathematics Wolf Prize, to a Palestinian university and an Israeli group that tries to ease Israeli travel restrictions on Palestinian students.
    (AP, 5/26/08)
2008        May 26, Earle H. Hagen (b.1919), composer, died at his home in Rancho Mirage, Ca. He co-wrote the jazz classic "Harlem Nocturne" (1939) and composed memorable themes for "The Andy Griffith Show," "I Spy," "The Mod Squad" and other TV shows.
    (AP, 5/28/08)
2008        May 26, Sydney Pollack (b.1934), American actor and director, died in Los Angeles. His directed films included "They Shoot Horses, Don't They?" (1970), "Out of Africa" (1986) and "Tootsie" (1982).
    (AP, 5/27/08)(SFC, 5/27/08, p.A2)
2008        May 26, Burundi's government and last active rebel group signed an unconditional ceasefire agreement, raising hopes of a definitive end to the small central African nation's 15-year civil war.
    (AP, 5/26/08)
2008        May 26, Canadian Foreign Minister Maxime Bernier resigned after it emerged he had left classified documents in the apartment of a former girlfriend who was once linked to organized crime figures.
    (Reuters, 5/26/08)
2008        May 26, China said the confirmed death toll had risen to 65,080 with 23,150 people still missing. The final number of dead was expected to exceed 80,000. officials said that the country's one-child policy exempts families with a child killed, severely injured or disabled in the country's devastating earthquake.
    (AP, 5/26/08)
2008        May 26, A small faction of Rwandan Hutu rebels in east Democratic Republic of Congo pledged to lay down their guns and return home, but the main rebel movement refused and rejected the ceremony as a sham.
    (AP, 5/26/08)
2008        May 26, Egypt's parliament at the request of the government extended emergency law for another two years or until the government prepares an anti-terrorism law.
    (www.ikhwanweb.com/Article.asp?ID=17228&SectionID=0)
2008        May 26, Ethiopia's Supreme Court sentenced former dictator Mengistu Haile Mariam to death in his absence, along with 17 senior officials of his regime, overturning a previous life term on appeal. Mengistu has lived in exile in Zimbabwe since he was toppled in 1991.
    (AP, 5/26/08)
2008        May 26, Germany turned red as unusual weather brought iron-rich dust from Africa to Europe.
    (Econ, 1/8/11, p.79)
2008        May 26, In Iraq 6 teenage boys who said they were being trained as suicide bombers were detained in Mosul. Initial investigations showed they were being trained by a Saudi militant who was killed in military operations. A suicide bomber on a motorcycle struck a checkpoint manned by Iraqi police and US-allied Sunni fighters north of Baghdad, killing four people. Suspected al-Qaida fighters kidnapped an awakening council leader, Sheik Saleh al-Karkhi, and his brother after blowing up his house in the village of Busaleh in Diyala province. A US soldier was killed and two others wounded in a roadside bombing in the northern Salahuddin province.
    (AP, 5/26/08)
2008        May 26, In Italy police arrested 49 suspected mobsters in raids on the Naples-based Camorra mob, the equivalent of the Sicilian Mafia for the Naples area.
    (AP, 5/26/08)
2008        May 26, In Japan the Group of Eight (G8) environment chiefs pledged "strong political will" toward cutting greenhouse gas emissions in half by 2050, declaring that developed nations should take the lead in battling global warming, but failed to agree on much more contentious near-term targets.
    (AP, 5/26/08)
2008        May 26, Dutch scientists claimed they have completed the first sequencing of an individual woman's DNA.
    (AP, 5/26/08)
2008        May 26, Rebels from Nigeria's oil-producing Niger Delta said they had blown up a Royal Dutch Shell pipeline and killed 11 soldiers in a firefight, but the army denied losing any men.
    (Reuters, 5/26/08)
2008        May 26, In northwest Pakistan gunmen fired on a vehicle carrying Shiite Muslims, killing four people before fleeing in what appeared to be a sectarian attack,
    (AP, 5/26/08)
2008        May 26, A Russian an An-12 cargo plane crashed near Chelyabinsk, Siberia, killing all 9 people onboard.
    (SFC, 5/27/08, p.A3)
2008        May 26, In Somalia Islamist insurgents attacked African Union peacekeepers in Mogadishu, sparking fierce clashes that killed at least 13 Somalis, most of them civilians.
    (AFP, 5/26/08)
2008        May 26, South Korea and a group of governments from the Middle East and Africa agreed to launch a cooperative organization aimed at enhancing political, cultural and economic ties. The Korea-Arab Society will group South Korea with governments, corporations and organizations from 22 countries and authorities in the Arab world.
    (AP, 5/26/08)
2008        May 26, In Sri Lanka a bomb ripped through part of a packed passenger train during evening rush hour, killing 8 people and wounding 70 others near the Colombo.
    (AP, 5/26/08)
2008        May 26, Zimbabwe’s state-run Herald newspaper reported that President Robert Mugabe will respect the will of voters if they end his 28-year rule in a run-off election against opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai.
    (AP, 5/26/08)

2008        May 27, The US Supreme Court strengthened civil rights laws for workers over retaliation in bias cases relating to race and anti-age discrimination.
    (SFC, 5/28/08, p.A3)
2008        May 27, The US Treasury said it will freeze the assets of four leaders of the Muslim militant group Lashkar-e-Taiba.
    (WSJ, 12/8/08, p.A6)
2008        May 27, In Afghanistan 12 people including three policemen were killed in two bomb attacks in Farah and Logar provinces. Officials blamed Taliban extremists. In Helmand province the US-led coalition killed several militants during a hunt in Garmser district for a Taliban leader involved with weapons smuggling operations in the area. Several other rebels were killed in similar operations in eastern Paktia province, bordering Logar. Altogether the days violence left 24 people dead including 13 police officers.
    (AFP, 5/27/08)(WSJ, 5/27/08, p.A10)
2008        May 27, Argentine farm groups vowed to suspend grain exports and meat sales, resuming protests against controversial export taxes a day after talks with the government stalled. DNA tests established the identity of an Argentine woman taken from her parents during the country's military dictatorship, the 90th such child identified by a group of grandmothers searching for their missing relatives.
    (AP, 5/27/08)(AP, 5/28/08)
2008        May 27, An Australian town council unanimously rejected a contentious proposal to build a 1,200-student Islamic school, citing infrastructure concerns. Mayor Chris Patterson of Camden said the decision had nothing to do with religion but was based on the impact on traffic and loss of agricultural land.
    (AP, 5/27/08)
2008        May 27, President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva swore in Carlos Minc, former environment secretary for Rio de Janeiro state, as Brazil's new environment minister. Silva used the swearing-in speech to lash developed nations for alleged hypocrisy on environmental policy.
    (AP, 5/27/08)
2008        May 27, Horn-honking truckers rumbled en masse into central London to protest against soaring fuel prices.
    (AP, 5/27/08)
2008        May 27, Chinese officials rushed to evacuate another 80,000 people in the path of potential floodwaters building up behind a quake-spawned dam as soldiers carved a channel to try to drain away the threat. A government spokesman said the confirmed death toll in the earthquake more than two weeks ago has risen to 67,183.
    (AP, 5/27/08)
2008        May 27, Germany unveiled a memorial to the Nazis' long-ignored gay victims, a monument that also aims to address ongoing discrimination by confronting visitors with an image of a same-sex couple kissing.
    (AP, 5/27/08)
2008        May 27, Guinea's new PM Ahmed Tidiane Souare announced a deal to pay mutinous soldiers years of salary arrears, effectively ending the West African nation's latest crisis.
    (AP, 5/28/08)
2008        May 27, India's military veterans staged protests nationwide to press for higher wages for defense personnel and warned the unrest could spill over into the serving ranks if New Delhi fails to act.
    (AP, 5/27/08)
2008        May 27, An al-Qaida in Iraq front group warned that insurgents were waiting for the right moment to retaliate against a US-Iraqi security crackdown in the northern city of Mosul. Gunmen killed a policeman near his station in Mosul, when attackers opened fire with machine guns shortly before noon. A car bomb in northern Iraq killed 4 civilians. A US-allied fighter was killed and two others were wounded when a bomb under their vehicle exploded near a market in northern Baghdad's predominantly Sunni area of Azamiyah.
    (AP, 5/27/08)(WSJ, 5/27/08, p.A1)
2008        May 27, Morris Talansky (75), an American businessman who is key to a corruption probe of PM Ehud Olmert, told prosecutors that over 14 years he had handed Olmert cash-stuffed envelopes for $150,000. At least $40,000 was in personal loans and never repaid.
    (AP, 5/27/08)(Econ, 5/31/08, p.49)
2008        May 27, In Mexico 7 federal police and a suspected hit man were killed in a shootout as authorities surrounded a suspected drug safe house in Culiacan, home to the Sinaloa drug cartel.
    (AP, 5/27/08)
2008        May 27, Myanmar's military junta extended opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi's detention by one year, ignoring worldwide appeals to free the Nobel laureate who has been detained for more than 12 of the past 18 years.
    (AP, 5/27/08)
2008        May 27, Nepal swore in 575 lawmakers who planned to declare a republic, which would automatically displace the world’s last Hindu king.
    (SFC, 5/28/08, p.A8)
2008        May 27, South African President Thabo Mbeki came under fire for traveling to Japan as anti-immigrant violence spread to a new province and aid groups struggled with thousands of displaced victims.
    (AP, 5/27/08)
2008        May 27, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon said the UN will investigate allegations by a leading children's charity that UN peacekeepers are involved in widespread sexual abuse of children. The report by Save the Children UK was based on field research in southern Sudan, Ivory Coast and Haiti.
    (AP, 5/27/08)
2008        May 27, Zimbabwe's opposition said a campaign of violence and intimidation designed to fix President Robert Mugabe's re-election had now killed over 50 of its supporters.
    (AFP, 5/27/08)

2008        May 28, In Newton, Massachusetts, a collision between two commuter trains killed driver Terrese Edmonds (24). Passengers reported seeing Ms. Edmonds using a cell phone moments before the collision.
    (WSJ, 5/30/08, p.A2)
2008        May 28, In Reno, Nevada, 30 monkeys were found essentially cooked alive after a repair technician left a heater on at a lab owned by Charles River Laboratories. Two other monkeys had to be euthanized. The company was fined $14,000.
    (SFC, 3/18/10, p.A7)(http://tinyurl.com/yab2maj)
2008        May 28, In Afghanistan a passenger truck ran off the road in a remote mountainous region of Badakhshan province, killing 15 people and wounding 56. Three suicide bomb attacks around the country killed one person.
    (AP, 5/28/08)
2008        May 28, African leaders, in Japan for a major development conference, lashed out at rich nations for erecting trade barriers that prevent the continent's economic development even as they make lofty pledges to boost aid. Japan pledged to double aid to Africa by 2012 and to help the continent boost rice production two-fold to ease food shortages.
    (AFP, 5/28/08)
2008        May 28, The Ilulissat Declaration, was announced by 5 countries adjoining the Arctic Ocean, expressed their commitment to develop the Arctic peacefully and without outside interference.
    (Econ, 6/16/12, SR p.10)(www.oceanlaw.org/downloads/arctic/Ilulissat_Declaration.pdf)
2008        May 28, Bahrain's King Hamad bin Isa al-Khalifa appointed Lawmaker Houda Nonoo, believed to be the Arab world's first Jewish ambassador, as the country's envoy to Washington.
    (AP, 5/29/08)
2008        May 28, In Canada police found the dead bodies of five adults and children in a suburban Calgary home. Media outlets reported they were Joshua Lall (34) an intern at an architectural firm, his wife Alison Lall (35), and daughters Kristen (5), Rochelle (3) and a tenant reported to be Amber Bowerman, who worked for a college newspaper. Police later said Joshua Lall committed the murders sparing only his one-year-old child.
    (AP, 5/30/08)(Reuters, 5/31/08)
2008        May 28, China’s Xinhua News Agency reported that torrential rains had killed 18 people in southern Guizhou province since May 25, and that the rains were expected to continue for 3 more days. 12 more people were reported missing. Some 6,700 houses were damaged since the rains began.
    (SFC, 5/29/08, p.A7)
2008        May 28, In southern Ethiopia a bomb exploded in a hotel, killing 3 people and wounding five others. The government suspected a terrorist group planted a bomb in the hotel in Negelle Borena.
    (AFP, 5/28/08)
2008        May 28, Iran's lawmakers overwhelmingly picked conservative Ali Larijani as parliament speaker, sending another strong message of discontent with Pres. Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's leadership by boosting one of his likely challengers in elections next year.
    (AP, 5/28/08)
2008        May 28, Iraq's largest Sunni Arab political bloc said it has suspended talks on ending its boycott of the Shiite-led government due to a dispute over which positions it would assume. The Sunni National Accordance Front held 44 of 275 parliamentary seats. Sporadic gunbattles broke out in a Shiite stronghold in southeastern Baghdad as detentions and raids against al-Sadr's followers continue to strain a truce. 3 civilians were killed and five others wounded in the fighting. A roadside bomb struck a car in the Qara Taba district, northeast of Baghdad, killing a farmer and his son. US troops captured eight suspected insurgents, including a man believed to be a longtime al-Qaida in Iraq leader who was involved in a June 30, 2007, attack on American forces in a remote area in Anbar province known as Donkey Island.
    (AP, 5/28/08)
2008        May 28, In Ireland diplomats for over 100 nations agreed on a treaty to ban current types of cluster bombs. The talks did not involve the biggest makers and users, which included the US, Russia, China, Israel, India and Pakistan. Nations were expected to sign the document in December in Oslo, Norway.
    (SFC, 5/29/08, p.A3)
2008        May 28, An Israeli airstrike in southern Gaza Strip killed two Hamas gunmen during a military operation. The airstrike also wounded four militants who were firing mortars at Israeli forces.
    (AP, 5/28/08)
2008        May 28, In Lebanon PM Fuad Saniora won a new term with the backing of a pro-American coalition, angering the Hezbollah-led opposition.
    (SFC, 5/29/08, p.A10)
2008        May 28, In Nepal lawmakers voted just before midnight to abolish the 240-year-old Hindu monarchy and establish a secular republic.
    (AFP, 5/29/08)
2008        May 28, The first winners of the new Kavli Prizes for outstanding research in nanoscience, neuroscience, and astrophysics were to be announced in Oslo, Norway.
    (SFC, 4/12/08, p.C1)
2008        May 28, Former PM Nawaz Sharif said Pakistan's ruling coalition has agreed to expel US-backed President Pervez Musharraf from power.
    (AFP, 5/28/08)
2008        May 28, Slovakia revalued its currency. Finance minister Jan Pociatek was soon accused of leaking news of the revaluation to J&T, Slovakia’s leading investment fund.
    (Econ, 6/28/08, p.58)
2008        May 28, Sri Lanka’s military said 20 insurgents and one soldier were killed in fighting in Jaffna and Welioya.
    (AP, 5/29/08)
2008        May 28, In Sudan a Ugandan policeman serving with the joint UN-African Union peacekeeping force in the western Darfur region was found dead riddled with bullets.
    (AFP, 5/29/08)
2008        May 28, Thailand police said 3 soldiers and four suspected separatist rebels have been killed in a series of incidents across the far south, including a shootout at a wedding party.
    (AFP, 5/28/08)
2008        May 28, Turkey's state-run media said soldiers killed two Kurdish rebels during a clash near the border with Iran.
    (AP, 5/28/08)
2008        May 28, Venezuela announced that the new Intelligence and Counterintelligence Law, passed by Pres. Chavez, would replace the Disip secret police and Military Intelligence Directorate with 4 new agencies. Under the law citizens who refuse to act as informants for intelligence agencies could face as much as 4 years in prison.
    (WSJ, 6/4/08, p.A17)(www.venezuelanalysis.com/news/3505)

2008        May 29, Police in San Jose, Ca., said some 80 people had $45,000 drained from their bank accounts after thieves pulled debit card data from an Arco station at 5755 Camden Ave. A covert card-reading device allowed thieves to collect debit card and pin data. Similar thefts had also been reported in Los Altos and southern California.
    (SFC, 5/30/08, p.B12)
2008        May 29, Harvey Korman (1927), comedian, died in LA. He had won four Emmys for his outrageously funny contributions to "The Carol Burnett Show" and played a conniving politician to hilarious effect in "Blazing Saddles."
    (AP, 5/30/08)
2008        May 29, In Afghanistan a suicide car bomber hit a convoy of international soldiers in Kabul, killing three Afghans caught in the blast. A joint operation by Afghan and NATO forces in Farah killed 30 Taliban fighters. One policeman and two Afghan soldiers were also killed.
    (AP, 5/29/08)
2008        May 29, Argentina's government set a ceiling on variable grain export taxes, but farmers said the change wasn't enough to make them lift a weeklong suspension of beef and grain exports.
    (AP, 5/30/08)
2008        May 29, Tomislav Petrovic, a former Bosnian soldier, shot dead six people and wounded another in a rampage in a Tuzla before being detained as he fired on a parked car.
    (AFP, 5/29/08)
2008        May 29, In Prince Albert, Saskatchewan, Canada, Chief Albert Mercredi spoke at the “national day of action" and denounced the premiers of the 4 western provinces for allowing mining development to pollute aboriginal air, land and water.
    (Econ, 6/14/08, p.50)
2008        May 29, Chile's national police chief and 10 other people were killed when the aging Panamanian government helicopter they were riding in crashed into a three-story building in the heart of Panama City.
    (AP, 5/30/08)
2008        May 29, In Ethiopia a flash flood hit Jijiga town late at night and swept away 200 houses, killing 25 people of whom 19 were children.
    (Reuters, 5/31/08)
2008        May 29, In France Pres. Sarkozy’s government presented a draft bill that would effectively scrap the 35-hour workweek.
    (WSJ, 5/30/08, p.A9)
2008        May 29, Members of one of India's lower castes blocked major roads, burned car tires, and threw stones at police in several areas around New Delhi in a continuation of protests in the country's north and west that has left 39 people dead. Police said a truck ferrying people to a wedding has plunged into a river in southern India, killing at least 39 people. An elephant rampaged through a village in northern India, killing at least 7 people who tried to surround it.
    (AP, 5/29/08)
2008        May 29, In Iraq a suicide bomber blew himself up in a crowd of police recruits in the northwestern town of Sinjar, killing at least 16 men and wounding 14 others. Iraq's PM al-Maliki, at a UN conference in Sweden, called for neighboring countries to forgive debts and war reparations that he said hindered his nation's recovery despite a reduction in violence. Iraq has at least $67 billion in foreign debt, most incurred during the rule of Saddam Hussein and owed to Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, the United Arab Emirates and Qatar.
    (AP, 5/29/08)
2008        May 29, At a ceremony in Jerusalem, Israel's President Shimon Peres announced that the hoopoe is now the ornithological symbol of the country. Ornithologist Amir Balaban, who runs the Jerusalem Bird Observatory, described the hoopoe as a beautiful, native bird that is monogamous and takes good care of its children.
    (AP, 5/30/08)
2008        May 29, In the southern Philippines 2 people were killed and 21 injured when suspected terrorists detonated a bomb outside a US aid project office near an air base.
    (AP, 5/29/08)
2008        May 29, South Korea took the final step to resume full imports of beef from the US, which it banned in 2003 over fears of mad cow disease.
    (WSJ, 5/30/08, p.A9)
2008        May 29, Sri Lanka's military sank four Tamil Tiger rebel boats off the island's northern coast after a battle that killed 7 rebels and one soldier. Army troops captured the stronghold known as Munnagam Base after 3 days of fighting. The military said 6 civilians were killed in a rebel artillery attack. A pro-rebel Web site reported that guerrillas raided a navy camp in Sirutheevu islet, killing 13 sailors and seizing weapons. Other fighting in the Mannar and Vavuniya regions in the north killed 4 rebels and wounded 8 soldiers.
    (AP, 5/29/08)(AP, 5/30/08)
2008        May 29, Turkish warplanes attacked several Kurdish rebel targets in northern Iraq. No casualties were immediately reported. Air raids destroyed 16 Kurdish rebel facilities.
    (AP, 5/29/08)(AP, 5/31/08)

2008        May 30, The US State Department said the US and Libya have agreed to try to resolve compensation claims from the 1988 Lockerbie bombing and other incidents Washington views as acts of terrorism by Libya.
    (AP, 5/31/08)
2008        May 30, In Florida 2 veteran police officers were charged with providing protection for purported shipments of cocaine and stolen goods in what was actually an undercover FBI operation.
    (AP, 5/30/08)
2008        May 30, A jury in Syracuse, NY, found Hewlett-Packard guilty of infringing a patent for data processing held by Cornell Univ. and ordered the company to pay Cornell $184 million.
    (SFC, 6/4/08, p.C5)
2008        May 30, A construction crane collapsed on New York's Upper East Side, smashing into a 23-story apartment building before crashing onto the street below and killing two workers.
    (AP, 5/30/08)(SFC, 5/31/08, p.A3)
2008        May 30, Afghan forces recaptured Bakwa, a remote district in the southwestern province of Farah, which was captured eight months ago. Authorities said they have killed more than 100 Taliban-linked militants in the operation. 
    (AFP, 5/31/08)
2008        May 30, Agathon Rwasa, the exiled leader of Burundi's last rebel group, returned to the capital to begin implementing a stalled deal seen as the final obstacle to peace in the tiny central African country.
    (Reuters, 5/30/08)
2008        May 30, In Honduras a Grupo Taca Airbus A320 overshot a runway and raced onto a busy street in Tegucigalpa, killing the pilot, two passengers and a motorist on the ground. At least 65 people were injured.
    (AP, 5/31/08)
2008        May 30, In India police fired on protesters from one of the lower castes in western Rajasthan, killing two people and bringing the death toll to 43 after a week of violence.
    (AP, 5/30/08)
2008        May 30, Diplomats from 111 nations, meeting in Ireland, formally adopted a landmark treaty banning cluster bombs after futile calls for participation by the weapons' biggest makers and users, particularly the United States. Participants planned to sign the treaty in the Oslo, Norway, in December. It would go into effect in mid-2009.
    (AP, 5/30/08)
2008        May 30, Tens of thousands of Shiites, meanwhile, took to the streets in Baghdad and other cities to protest plans for a long-term security agreement with the United States. The rallies after Friday prayer services were the first to follow a call by anti-US cleric Muqtada al-Sadr for weekly protests against the deal. The US military removed a trooper from duty for handed out coins promoting Christianity to Muslims in Fallujah.
    (AP, 5/30/08)
2008        May 30, Italy declared a state of emergency in the north of the country after flooding and mudslides left at least three people dead in heavy rains that also hit Belgium, Britain, France and Germany.
    (AFP, 5/30/08)
2008        May 30, In Japan participants closed a 3-day African development conference saying they aim to double rice production in Africa in 10 years and expand irrigated land by 20 percent in five years.
    (AP, 5/30/08)
2008        May 30, Jordan and France signed an agreement to help the Arab kingdom develop its nuclear energy program.
    (AP, 5/30/08)
2008        May 30, Myanmar's ruling junta lashed out at foreign aid donors, saying cyclone victims did not need supplies of "chocolate bars" and could instead survive by eating frogs and fish.
    (AFP, 5/30/08)
2008        May 30, Tropical Storm Alma weakened to a tropical depression after slamming into Nicaragua's coast the day before, forcing tens of thousand of people to evacuate and flooding low-lying areas before pushing into neighboring Honduras.
    (AP, 5/30/08)
2008        May 30, Palestinian doctors said Israel troops opened fire and wounded 7 Palestinians in a demonstration at a crossing into Israel.
    (AP, 5/30/08)
2008        May 30, Sri Lanka’s Tigers repelled an army advance into rebel-held areas of Vavuniya and Mannar, killing 31 troops and wounding at least 52 in several clashes according to Tamilnet.com. The rebels condemned government moves to devolve more power to the north and east
    (AFP, 5/31/08)
2008        May 30, In Yemen a gunman opened fire in a mosque in a predominantly Shiite northern town, killing at least 8 worshippers and wounding dozens. Police detained the attacker.
    (AP, 5/30/08)
2008        May 30, Zimbabwe’s opposition declared itself the new ruling party and convened what if called a session of Parliament.
    (WSJ, 5/31/08, p.A1)

2008        May 31, The rules panel of the Democratic National Committee agreed to seat the delegations of Florida and Michigan with half their votes, all but securing the nomination for Sen. Barack Obama. Obama said he has resigned his 20-year membership in the Trinity United Church of Christ in Chicago "with some sadness" in the aftermath of inflammatory remarks by his longtime pastor, the Rev. Jeremiah Wright, and more recent fiery remarks at the church by a visiting priest.
    (SSFC, 6/1/08, p.A1)(AP, 6/1/08)
2008        May 31, FDIC bank regulators took over the First Integrity Bank in Staples, Minnesota. This was the 4th FDIC-insured bank to fail this year.
    (WSJ, 6/5/08, p.A1)
2008        May 31, The US shuttle Discovery made a successful launch from Florida. It carried a Japanese research laboratory and key parts to fix a broken toilet in the International Space Station.
    (AP, 6/1/08)
2008        May 31, In El Cerrito, Ca., the new Playland-Not-at-the-Beach museum opened at 10979 San Pablo Ave. It featured relics from San Francisco’s former Playland-at-the-Beach, which was bulldozed in 1972, including one of the 278 remaining Laughing Sals.
    (SFC, 5/31/08, p.B1)
2008        May 31, In Afghanistan 2 NATO-led soldiers and as many Afghan civilians were wounded in a suicide car bombing in the eastern city of Jalalabad. The Taliban claimed responsibility for that attack. 2 NATO soldiers were killed in the attack.
    (AFP, 5/31/08)(AP, 6/1/08)
2008        May 31, Tropical Storm Arthur the first named storm of the 2008 Atlantic Hurricane Season, kicked up surf when it made landfall at the Belize-Mexico border and headed west.
    (AP, 6/1/08)
2008        May 31, Chinese authorities had evacuated nearly 200,000 people and warned more than 1 million others to be ready to leave quickly as a lake formed by a devastating earthquake threatened to breach its dam. A Russian-designed Mi-171 transport helicopter carrying 10 people injured in the devastating earthquake and four crew members crashed in fog and turbulence, and authorities searched for survivors. The confirmed death toll from the May 12 earthquake, reached nearly 69,000, with another 18,000 still missing.
    (AP, 5/31/08)(AP, 6/1/08)
2008        May 31, An Egyptian police official said boxes of ammunition, rocket-propelled grenades and anti-aircraft missiles have been found in a mountain in the northern Sinai peninsula. He said the weapons were to be smuggled into the neighboring Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 5/31/08)
2008        May 31, A former Deutsche Telekom security chief  said the national phone company spied on its staff for years to see who had unauthorized contacts with journalists.
    (AP, 5/31/08)
2008        May 31, President Manuel Zelaya said that Honduras would create a civilian airport for commercial jets on a US military airfield, diverting traffic from Tegucigalpa's notoriously dangerous airport following a deadly crash.
    (AP, 6/1/08)
2008        May 31, In Iraq 10 people were killed when a suicide bomber struck a police checkpoint in Hit, a town west of Baghdad. The dead included six policemen and four civilians.
    (AP, 5/31/08)
2008        May 31, In Latvia about 400 gay men and women and their supporters held a parade in Riga, accompanied by a strong police presence and chants and insults from anti-gay activists.
    (AP, 5/31/08)
2008        May 31, Lebanese troops shot and killed a suicide bomber near Lebanon's largest Palestinian refugee camp. The would-be suicide bomber was identified as Mahmoud Yassin Ahmad, a 28-year-old Palestinian who lived in the Ein el-Hilweh camp. Earlier in the day a Lebanese soldier was killed in an explosion in the north of the country.
    (AP, 6/1/08)
2008        May 31, In Nigeria a senior health department official for the federal capital said smokers in public places in the capital of Abuja will be arrested and prosecuted from June 1.
    (AP, 5/31/08)
2008        May 31, An explosion in the Gaza Strip house of Nader Abu Shaban, a Hamas militant, killed him and wounded 16 of his relatives and neighbors.
    (AP, 5/31/08)
2008        May 31, South African police said on a wave of attacks on foreigners has killed 62 people since the violence broke out three weeks ago.
    (AP, 5/31/08)
2008        May 31, Tens of thousands of South Koreans rallied against a government decision to import US beef in the largest demonstration in a month of almost daily protests.
    (AP, 5/31/08)
2008        May 31, In Sri Lanka 9 Tamil Tiger rebels and four soldiers were killed in new clashes in Sri Lanka's restive north.
    (AP, 6/1/08)
2008        May 31, In Vietnam some 1000 workers walked off the assembly line of a Panasonic plant as inflation reached a 13-year high of 25.2%. Some 300 strikes took place in the first quarter as compared to 103 in the first quarter of 2007.
    (WSJ, 6/3/08, p.A12)
2008        May 31, Zimbabwe state radio reported that 2 supporters of the ruling party have been shot dead in the country's northeast over the last 2 days, amid mounting violence ahead of a presidential run-off next month. Police arrested Eric Matinenga, a lawyer of the opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC), as he went to visit arrested members in Buhera where more than 70 suspects had been arrested over recent outbreaks of violence.
    (AFP, 6/1/08)(Reuters, 6/3/08)

2008        May, Evaristo Ortiz-Jimenez (36), Mexican human smuggler, and 4 others held hostage 21 illegal immigrants in a Phoenix, Az., drop house. In 2009 they were indicted by a federal grand jury and in Sep Ortiz-Jimenez was sentenced to 25 years in prison. 3 other defendants were yet to be sentenced.
    (http://lawfuel.com/show-release.asp?ID=20423)(SFC, 9/23/09, p.A10)
2008        May, In Colorado landscapers in Boulder stumbled onto a cache of more than 83 ancient tools buried by the Clovis people, ice age hunter-gatherers, dating back 13,000 years.
    (AP, 2/27/09)
2008        May, In San Francisco Juan Rodriguez was shot and killed on the 800 block of Huron Street. In 2009 Jonathan Cruz-Ramirez, an alleged member of the MS-13 street gang, was charged with the murder.
    (SFC, 10/23/09, p.A12)
2008        May, In the Dominican Republic the state holding company for electricity generation, known as CDEEE, employed over 2,000 people to do the work of 20 or 30. More than a third of the power was being stolen. Pres. Fernandez stood by the unreforming boss, Radames Segura.
    (Econ, 5/10/08, p.48)
2008        May, Georgia’s population, as it aspired to NATO membership, was about 4.5 million.
    (Econ, 5/24/08, p.70)
2008        May, Churchill Mining, a London-listed firm, announced that it had found 150 million tons of coal in Indonesian Borneo. In 2011 it raised the amount to 2.8 billion tons.
    (Econ, 10/1/11, p.72)
2008        May, In India Aarushi (14), was found dead on her bed in suburban New Delhi with her throat cut. The decomposing body of domestic servant Hemraj Banjade (45) was discovered on the roof a day later. Investigators later alleged that her parents killed Aarushi in a fit of rage when they found her with the 45-year-old servant in an "objectionable" situation. In 2013 Rajesh and Nupur Talwar were found guilty of slitting the throats Aarushi and Banjade.
    (AFP, 11/25/13)
2008        May, Kashmir’s state government gave the overseers of the Hindu Amarnath shrine the right to build facilities on 98 acres along the route to the shrine. Separatist politicians portrayed this as loss of territory and rouse violent protests, which eventually forced the government to change its mind, which in turn infuriated the Hindus.
    (Econ, 8/16/08, p.33)
2008        May, Mauritania’s President Sidi Ould Cheikh Abdallahi appointed 12 ministers, some accused of corruption and all of whom had held prominent posts in the government of former President Maaouya Sid'Ahmed Ould Taya, who was ousted in the 2005 coup.
    (AP, 8/6/08)
2008        May, In southeast Nigeria 20 teenage girls were rescued at the hospital in Enugu in a police swoop on what was believed to be one of the largest infant trafficking rings in the country. Buying or selling of babies is illegal in Nigeria and can carry a 14-year jail term.
    (AFP, 11/9/08)
2008        May, Pacific Island nations imposed a series of measures aimed at halting overfishing. 8 of 17 members of the Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission agreed on the measures In December the 9 remaining members joined in imposing a conservation agenda on 20 million square miles to take effect on January 1, 2010. The 17 members included Australia, Cook Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Nauru, New Zealand, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tokelau, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu
    (SFC, 4/11/09, p.A3)(www.ffa.int/members)
2008        May, A South Korean abductee escaped from North Korea after more than 30 years and was under Seoul’s protection in China. Yoon Jong-soo, 65, ended up in the North when his fishing boat and 32 other crew members were seized off South Korea's east coast in 1975.
    (http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20080609/ap_on_re_as/koreas_abductee_escape)
2008        May, The population of Yemen was about 22 million. More than a fifth of the people were malnourished. 75% of the food was imported. It was feared that aquifers could dry up within a decade.
    (Econ, 5/10/08, p.55)

2008        Jun 1, NY Sen. Hillary Rodham Clinton won Puerto Rico's Democratic presidential primary 68-32%. Only 16% of the voters went to the polls.
    (www.mcclatchydc.com/election2008/story/39241.html)(Econ, 6/7/08, p.36)
2008        Jun 1, In California a fire ripped through the back lot of Universal Studios destroying film-set facades, videos and movie reels.
    (WSJ, 6/2/08, p.A1)
2008        Jun 1, Alton Kelley (67), co-creator of psychedelic rock posters, died in Petaluma, Ca. He and Stanley Mouse had formed Mouse Studios in SF and produced hundreds of classic psychedelic rock posters. In 1965 he and 3 other people formed Family Dog and staged the world’s first psychedelic dance concert at the Longshoreman’s Hall in SF.
    (SFC, 6/3/08, p.B5)
2008        Jun 1, In Afghanistan a remote-controlled bomb detonated as a bus carrying Afghan soldiers passed by in Kabul, killing one civilian and wounding five people. In southern Zabul province overnight, suspected Taliban militants gunned down a district governor and his body guard. Some 150 militants attacked a police checkpoint, triggering a daylong battle in Murghab district, near the border with Turkmenistan. At least 10 militants were killed. Ashraf Nasery, the governor of Badghis province, said 49 militants were killed and 35 wounded.
    (AP, 6/1/08)(AFP, 6/1/08)(AP, 6/2/08)
2008        Jun 1, Australia, a staunch US ally and one of the first countries to commit troops to the Iraq war five years ago, ended combat operations there.
    (AP, 6/1/08)
2008        Jun 1, In southwest Bangladesh police clashed with thousands of garment workers during fresh protests over low wages and soaring food prices.
    (AP, 6/1/08)
2008        Jun 1, Bolivians in two opposition-controlled states voted overwhelmingly for autonomy measures that aim to shield the country's remote Amazon basin from President Evo Morales' leftist reforms.
    (AP, 6/1/08)
2008        Jun 1, China became the latest country to declare war on plastic bags in a drive to save energy and protect the environment.
    (Reuters, 6/1/08)
2008        Jun 1, In Colombia a mudslide following rains buried several dozen homes in a poor district of Medellin and at least 23 people were killed.
    (AP, 6/2/08)
2008        Jun 1, Yves Saint Laurent (b.1936, one of the most influential and enduring designers of the 20th century, died in Paris.
    (AP, 6/2/08)(Econ, 6/7/08, p.99)
2008        Jun 1, German researchers reported that the development of a blood-based genetic test for predicting  lung cancer among smokers with 80% accuracy.
    (WSJ, 6/2/08, p.B4)
2008        Jun 1, In Baghdad a car bomb exploded near the Iranian embassy in Baghdad during morning rush hour, killing at least two civilians and wounding five. A senior police official was wounded when a bomb that was stuck to his car exploded in a busy Baghdad intersection. A traffic officer was killed and four other people were wounded in the attack. Ten al-Qaida linked insurgents were captured in US-led operations in Mosul and north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 6/1/08)
2008        Jun 1, Israel freed Nasim Nisr (39), a convicted Hezbollah spy, and the militant group turned over the remains of Israeli soldiers killed in the 2006 war in Lebanon.
    (AP, 6/1/08)
2008        Jun 1, In Kuwait Muslim hard-liners walked out of the inaugural meeting of parliament to protest 2 female Cabinet ministers who were not wearing head scarves.
    (SFC, 6/2/08, p.A3)
2008        Jun 1, In Liberia at least eight people suffocated at an overcrowded stadium during a soccer match between Liberia and Gambia.
    (www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2008/06/02/2263028.htm)
2008        Jun 1, Macedonia's parliamentary election was marred by violence in Albanian areas and suspected fraud, with one person shot dead and nine wounded, and voting halted in one town after a gun battle. PM Nikola Gruevski scored an overwhelming election victory but monitors criticized violence that marred the poll and could delay the country's progress towards EU membership. The government said it will repeat voting in 22 poling stations that were shut down due to shootings or alleged ballot fraud.
    (Reuters, 6/1/08)(Reuters, 6/2/08)(WSJ, 6/2/08, p.A10)
2008        Jun 1, In western Mexico Marcelo Ibarra, the mayor of Villa Madero, was forced from his car and shot dead. Officials believed the killing was an attempted robbery, although they haven't ruled out other motives.
    (AP, 6/3/08)
2008        Jun 1, Gay rights activists held small, scattered protests in Moscow, flouting repeated refusals from city authorities for permission to hold parades or demonstrations.
    (AP, 6/1/08)
2008        Jun 1, In Slovakia a new media law was set to go into effect giving anyone mentioned in an article sweeping rights to an equally prominent rebuttal. Newspapers responded by publishing blank front pages. Leading newspapers had done this twice before during the Meciar years to protest restrictions on press freedom.
    (Econ, 4/26/08, p.71)(Econ, 11/21/09, p.55)
2008        Jun 1, Voters in Switzerland rejected a plan to give local communities the power to decide which immigrants should be granted Swiss citizenship. Currently, after living at least 12 years on Swiss soil, foreigners who wish to acquire Swiss citizenship face a naturalization procedure that includes a knowledge of the country's traditions, history and culture.
    (AFP, 6/1/08)
2008        Jun 1, In Zimbabwe police in Harare jailed Arthur Mutambara, head of an MDC faction, for allegedly making false statements that endangered state security.
    (AP, 6/2/08)(Econ, 6/7/08, p.59)

2008        Jun 2, The US gave 31 used trucks to Cambodia in its first direct supply of military hardware in more than a decade, saying ties between the two countries were improving.
    (AFP, 6/2/08)
2008        Jun 2, The United States lost an appeal in its long-running dispute with Brazil over U.S. subsidies for cotton farmers at the World Trade Organization (WTO).
    (Reuters, 6/2/08)
2008        Jun 2, SF mayor Gavin Newsom unveiled a record $6.5 billion budget.
    (SFC, 6/3/08, p.A1)
2008        Jun 2, Melvin Weiss (72), co-founder of the NYC law firm Milberg Weiss, was sentenced to 30 months in prison for his roll in a kickback scheme targeting US corporations. He was also ordered to pay $9.7 million in forfeitures and $250,000 in fines.
    (SFC, 6/3/08, p.D4)
2008        Jun 2, Scott Coles (48), Arizona financier, was found dead of apparent suicide. His firm Mortgages Ltd., a company founded by his father in 1963, entered bankruptcy on June 24.
    (WSJ, 7/16/08, p.A1)
2008        Jun 2, Bo Didley (b.1928), rhythm and blues pioneer, died in Florida. He had been born as Ellas Bates in McComb, Mississippi. His 1955 debut recording of “Bo Didley" landed him a spot on the Ed Sullivan Show.
    (SFC, 6/3/08, p.B5)
2008        Jun 2, Mel Ferrer (b.1917), American actor, director and producer, died in Santa Barbara, Ca. His films included “Lili" (1953) and “The Brave Bulls" (1951).
    (SFC, 6/4/08, p.B11)
2008        Jun 2, In Afghanistan Taliban attacked a district in Helmand province, killing a policeman. In the battle that followed, eight Taliban were killed.
    (AP, 6/3/08)
2008        Jun 2, In Australia Mark Standen, an assistant director of the New South Wales state Crime Commission, was arrested for conspiracy to import controlled substances and supply prohibited drugs, and with perverting the course of justice. He is alleged to have assisted a drug-trafficking syndicate in a plan to bring to Australia 1,300 pounds of the chemical pseudoephedrine that could be used to make $114 million worth of the methamphetamine known as "ice." The masterminds of the syndicate were in the Netherlands, where 12 people were arrested last week.
    (AP, 6/3/08)
2008        Jun 2, In Bolivia Pres. Morales ordered the nationalization of a natural gas pipeline operator half-owned by Royal Dutch Shell PLC and a US investment fund.
    (WSJ, 6/3/08, p.A15)
2008        Jun 2, Carlos Minc, Brazil’s new environment minister, said the government will impound cattle caught grazing on illegally cleared pastures with an operation, dubbed "Rogue Bull," to attack deforestation in the rain forest. Government researchers said that preliminary data indicate the Amazon lost at least 2,258 square miles (5,850 square kilometers) of forest cover from August to April 2008.
    (AP, 6/3/08)
2008        Jun 2, China began paying sums of about $144 to each parent whose sole offspring was killed in the May 12 earthquake.
    (WSJ, 6/3/08, p.A1)
2008        Jun 2, In eastern France 7 school children were killed when a train crashed into a bus carrying schoolchildren near Allinges.
    (AP, 6/2/08)(SFC, 6/3/08, p.A3)
2008        Jun 2, In Germany Some 2,000 delegates from 162 countries and dozens of specialist agencies opened a two-week conference to start tackling the details of a new global warming agreement slated to take effect after 2012.
    (AP, 6/2/08)
2008        Jun 2, In Iraq US troops killed two suspects in Tikrit. The military said it had captured 31 others and destroyed bomb-making materials over the past two days in raids targeting al-Qaida in Iraq in central and northern swaths of the country. In Mosul a suicide car bomber killed 9 people including 5 police officers.
    (AP, 6/2/08)(SFC, 6/3/08, p.A6)
2008        Jun 2, Nigeria's President Umaru Yar’Adua arrived in South Africa for a four-day state visit to forge closer ties between Africa's most populous country and its biggest economy.
    (AFP, 6/2/08)
2008        Jun 2, In Pakistan a huge car bomb exploded outside the Danish Embassy in Islamabad, killed 8 people and wounded dozens more. Danish security said that al-Qaida or an al-Qaida-related group likely was behind the attack. Evidence indicated that a suicide bomber drove the car.
    (AP, 6/2/08)(SFC, 6/4/08, p.A6)
2008        Jun 2, Somalia's opposition alliance ruled out direct peace talks with the country's transitional government unless it sets a timetable for the withdrawal of Ethiopian troops.
    (AP, 6/2/08)
2008        Jun 2, Foreign ships gained UN authorization to enter Somali waters when fighting piracy and armed robbery. The unanimous UN Security Council resolution made it legal for foreign navies to chase pirates into Somali waters and if need be sink them.
    (AP, 6/2/08)(www.usatoday.com/news/world/2008-07-20-pirates_N.htm)
2008        Jun 2, The South Korean government said it was delaying the planned resumption of US beef imports, after a request from the ruling party and large weekend street protests.
    (AP, 6/2/08)
2008        Jun 2, The chief of the International Atomic Energy Agency says Syria has agreed to let inspectors into the country this month to probe allegations of illegal nuclear activity.
    (AP, 6/2/08)
2008        Jun 2, In Venezuela the vice president of a Venezuelan newspaper was shot and killed by a gunman who police said could have confused the victim for his brother, the president of Reporte Diario de la Economia, a daily that has closely covered corruption cases.
    (AP, 6/3/08)
2008        Jun 2, In central Vietnam a collision between a speeding bus and a truck killed 14 people and injured 18 others. Traffic accidents killed more than 13,000 people last year in Vietnam.
    (AP, 6/2/08)

2008        Jun 3, Barack Obama sealed the US Democratic presidential nomination. Hillary Clinton did not give up yet, but said she’d be interested in the No. 2 spot. Obama won the Montana primary, while Clinton won the South Dakota primary.
    (AP, 6/4/08)(SFC, 6/4/08, p.A1)(Econ, 6/7/08, p.35)
2008        Jun 3, Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke said that US interest rates were "well positioned" for an economy facing both price pressures and threats to growth, but issued a rare warning on the inflation risks posed by a weak dollar.
    (AP, 6/3/08)
2008        Jun 3, In Ohio Christopher Paul (44), pleaded guilty to planning terrorist attacks. He was accused of joining al-Qaida in the early 1990s and helping teach Muslim extremists how to bomb US and european targets.
    (http://ap.google.com/article/ALeqM5iVlFdiHopuka4A5g4J-eVGRq-BzgD912SEC80)
2008        Jun 3, A Denver, Colorado court fined Dow Chemical Co. and Boeing Co. a combined $926 million for property damages caused by plutonium contamination from a nuclear weapons plant. The initial trial had concluded in February 2006. Dow planned to appeal. The Rocky Flats plant was operated by Dow from 1953 to 1975, and then by defense contractor Rockwell until its closing in 1994; it supplied the plutonium triggers for the US nuclear bomb arsenal.
    (AFP, 6/4/08)
2008        Jun 3, SF voters (61%) approved Proposition G endorsing plans for a major housing and commercial development at the Hunters Point Shipyard and Candlestick Point. Voters also passed Proposition A, a $198 annual school parcel tax, which would expire in 2028.
    (SFC, 6/4/08, p.A1, B1)(SFC, 6/5/08, p.B1)
2008        Jun 3, UAL Corp's United Airlines announced plans to slash jobs and flights, following a similar move by AMR Corp's American Airlines last month.
    (Reuters, 6/5/08)
2008        Jun 3, General Motors said it is closing four truck and SUV plants in the U.S., Canada and Mexico as surging fuel prices hasten a dramatic shift to smaller vehicles.
    (AP, 6/3/08)
2008        Jun 3, In Afghanistan US General David McKiernan took over the 52,000-strong International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) at a ceremony in Kabul attended by President Hamid Karzai and a host of dignitaries. 2 Afghan security guards were killed when militants ambushed their convoy in the southern province of Zabul. In eastern Khost province unknown gunmen shot dead a district intelligence chief. A suicide car bomber targeting Canadian troops in Kandahar province killed one Afghan child. A Canadian officer was killed in Kandahar province when his foot patrol came under enemy fire. In southern Afghanistan US-led coalition forces killed more than a dozen insurgents.
    (AFP, 6/3/08)(Reuters, 6/4/08)(AP, 6/4/08)
2008        Jun 3, Four Algerian Christians received suspended jail terms and fines for seeking to convert Muslims in the latest in a series of cases to have provoked accusations in the West of religious repression.
    (AP, 6/3/08)
2008        Jun 3, Belize PM Dean Barrow declared a disaster area in southern Stann Creek Valley as flash flooding carried away houses and ripped a child from his father's grasp. Falling trees killed two people in Honduras, raising the death toll from Central America's twin tropical storms this week to at least nine.
    (AP, 6/4/08)
2008        Jun 3, In France a Paris court convicted Brigitte Bardot of provoking discrimination and racial hatred for writing that Muslims are destroying France. She was fined $23,325.
    (SFC, 6/4/08, p.A4)
2008        Jun 3, Greece's first gay weddings were held when two couples, abetted by a sympathetic local mayor, defied the threat of criminal charges and the wrath of the Orthodox church to tie the knot on the tiny Aegean island of Tilos.
    (Reuters, 6/3/08)
2008        Jun 3, In Iraq the US military captured two al-Qaida in Iraq bombing suspects and a Shiite militia leader in separate raids north and south of Baghdad. The bodies of at least 23 Iraqis were discovered in a shallow grave and a sewer shaft at separate sites near Baghdad.
    (AP, 6/3/08)(AP, 6/4/08)
2008        Jun 3, A Cabinet minister said Malaysia will remove price controls on gasoline and diesel, allowing stations to sell fuel at world market prices in an attempt to reduce the government's ballooning subsidy bill.
    (AP, 6/3/08)
2008        Jun 3, In Mexico Claudio Conti (53) was reportedly kidnapped along Zicatela beach in Puerto Escondido, where he operated the Da Claudio restaurant and a hotel. On Feb 28, 2009, Mexican police said they had captured four men suspected of kidnapping the Italian businessman, and that one of the men told police the victim had been ordered killed, though it was not clear if the slaying was carried out.
    (AP, 3/1/09)
2008        Jun 3, The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) raised its lending rate (MPR) to 10.25 percent from 10 percent to tame high inflation triggered by rising global food prices.
    (AP, 6/3/08)
2008        Jun 3, The Good Friends, a Seoul-based humanitarian group, said that a highly contagious disease has sparked a health alert with an estimated five or six children dying every day since April 27 in North Korea’s city of Hoeryong. A doctor said hand-foot-mouth disease could be spreading from China, where it has killed several dozen children.
    (AFP, 6/3/08)
2008        Jun 3, In Sweden world chess star turned political activist Garry Kasparov told world news industry leaders that PM Vladimir Putin had assaulted press freedoms in Russia, and urged them to challenge Kremlin leaders over the issue.
    (AP, 6/4/08)

2008        Jun 4, In Arizona Travis Alexander (30) died at his home in Mesa after he was stabbed and shot in the head by his girlfriend Jodi Arias (28). Arias later pleaded self-defense.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Killing_of_Travis_Alexander)(SFC, 5/4/13, p.A6)
2008        Jun 4, California’s Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger declared a statewide drought after two years of below-average rainfall, low snowmelt runoff and a court-ordered restriction on water transfers.
    (AP, 6/5/08)
2008        Jun 4, In New York Thomas Gioeli (Tommy Shots), said to be the acting boss of the Colombo organized crime family, was arrested along with 8 other suspected gangsters on federal charges of coast to coast Mafia crimes.
    (SFC, 6/5/08, p.A3)
2008        Jun 4, Google said it had signed a lease for 42 acres at Moffet Field, a former naval air station near Mountain View, Ca. The deal called for an initial annual rent of $3.7 million to the NASA Ames space agency.
    (SFC, 6/5/08, p.C1)
2008        Jun 4, Ayman al-Zawahri, Al-Qaida's No. 2 leader, called on Muslims to launch a holy war to break Israel's economic blockade of the Gaza Strip, in an audio recording posted on an Islamic militant Internet site.
    (AP, 6/5/08)
2008        Jun 4, In Afghanistan 2 suicide bombs killed 2 people and wounded several others near the Pakistan border.
    (SFC, 6/5/08, p.A3)
2008        Jun 4, In Algeria 2 simultaneous bombs in Bordj El Kiffan, a suburb of Algiers, killed a suicide bomber and injured six others. The blasts targeted a barracks and a seaside café.
    (AFP, 6/6/08)
2008        Jun 4, In Bangladesh more than 1,700 people were detained in the past 24 hours. That takes the number of detainees to more than 10,000 since May 30 in a drive to improve law and order before national elections planned for late this year.
    (AP, 6/4/08)
2008        Jun 4, In Belgium riot police armed with shields and batons charged hundreds of protesting fishermen outside EU headquarters after a demonstration over high fuel prices turned violent.
    (AP, 6/4/08)
2008        Jun 4, In Bosnia genocide charges were filed against Vaso Todorovic (40), a former Bosnian Serb police officer. He was accused of taking part in the 1995 massacre of more than 7,000 Muslims, Europe's worst slaughter since World War II.
    (www.signonsandiego.com/news/world/20080604-0441-bosnia-warcrimes.html)
2008        Jun 4, British officials said an outbreak of the H7 strain of bird flu at a farm in central England is "highly pathogenic." All the chickens on the farm were slaughtered following detection of the virus in Banbury, Oxfordshire.
    (AFP, 6/4/08)
2008        Jun 4, Jonathan Routh (80), English prankster and former star of Candid Camera, died. His books included “The Good Loo Guide: Where to Go in London" (1965)
    (Econ, 6/21/08, p.105)(www.economicexpert.com/a/Jonathan:Routh.htm)
2008        Jun 4, In Canada angry autoworkers blockaded the entrance to General Motors of Canada headquarters in Oshawa, Ontario, one day after GM said it would shut its Oshawa truck plant as well as 2 plants in the US and one in Mexico.
    (Reuters, 6/4/08)
2008        Jun 4, Chinese police blocked access to a school that collapsed in last month's massive earthquake, a day after breaking up a protest by parents of students who died in the disaster.
    (AP, 6/4/08)
2008        Jun 4, In Haiti thousands of protesters, bearing photographs of victims and with fists thrust in the air, marched through Port-au-Prince to demand that officials crack down on a kidnapping scourge. UN police said more than 157 people have been kidnapped this year in Haiti, up 10 percent from last year.
    (AP, 6/4/08)
2008        Jun 4, Indonesian police launched a major crackdown on Islamic Defenders Front (FPI), a radical Islamist group blamed for a weekend attack on a rally for religious tolerance, arresting 59 including the outfit's firebrand leader.
    (AP, 6/4/08)
2008        Jun 4, Iraq’s parliament approved a bill to combat oil smuggling. To become a law, the measure needs the signature of Iraq's three-member presidential council. A suicide truck bomber struck near the Baghdad home of an Iraqi police general, killing 16 people in the biggest such attack on the capital in months. A 2nd car bomb killed 7 people, including 3 police commandos, in the Jadriya neighborhood of Baghdad. Iraqi police said they uncovered a large weapons cache near Samarra. The US military said it detained nine suspects and destroyed two "terrorist safe houses" in raids targeting al-Qaida in Iraq across central and northern parts of the country. 3 US soldiers were shot dead in northern Tamim province.
    (AP, 6/4/08)(AP, 6/5/08)(SFC, 6/5/08, p.A3)
2008        Jun 4, The Israeli army says it has closed the Gaza fuel crossing after an errant rocket fired by militants wounded a Palestinian worker at the terminal.
    (AP, 6/4/08)
2008        Jun 4, A Mexican court sentenced Mario Villanueva, a former Quintana Roo state governor (1993-1996), to 36 years in prison for fomenting drug trafficking, overturning an earlier ruling that had imposed six years on lesser charges. A husband and wife, both state police officers, were shot dead while leaving their home in Ciudad Juarez, the border city where drug gangs have stepped up attacks against security forces.
    (AP, 6/5/08)(AP, 6/4/08)
2008        Jun 4, The rival parties in Northern Ireland's power-sharing administration announced a deal that will permit both sides to elect a new leader and keep their unlikely coalition running.
    (AP, 6/4/08)
2008        Jun 4, Officials said Pakistan’s PM Yousuf Raza Gilani has moved suspend peace negotiations with tribal groups along the border with Afghanistan, until they agree to new conditions including the cessation of all activities in Afghanistan. In northwest Pakistan a bomb explosion ripped through a video shop in a business center, killing 3 people and wounding 3.
    (WSJ, 6/5/08, p.A8)(AP, 6/4/08)
2008        Jun 4, Scientists issued warnings about the puffin’s future as the population of the orange-beaked seabird off Scotland's east coast has dropped by nearly a third in less than five years.
    (AP, 6/5/08)
2008        Jun 4, In Sri Lanka a bomb blast targeting a passenger train wounded 18 bystanders in Colombo in the latest attack on civilians in the island nation. Tamil Tigers reportedly killed 10 soldiers while security forces reportedly killed 35 rebels during the heavy clashes across the island's north. According to the defense ministry, 4,068 Tamil Tigers and 335 government troops have been killed since January.
    (AP, 6/4/08)(AFP, 6/5/08)
2008        Jun 4-2008 Jun 5, In South Sudan more than 20 people were killed, including soldiers and several children, in Ugandan rebel attacks near the border with Congo. The Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) guerrillas had targeted the villages of Nabanga and Yamba.
    (AFP, 6/7/08)
2008        Jun 4, Swiss pharmaceutical Novartis announced it had bought Protez Pharmaceuticals for $100 million (64.8 million euros), thus acquiring the rights to a new antibiotic.
    (AP, 6/4/08)
2008        Jun 4, An undetermined amount of fuel oil was released after the Greece-registered Syros slammed against the Malta-registered Sea Bird near Montevideo, Uruguay.
    (AP, 6/5/08)
2008        Jun 4, Zimbabwe police detained opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai after his convoy was stopped at a roadblock. The director of a national NGO association said Zimbabwe has ordered aid groups Save the Children UK, CARE International and ADRA to stop work in the country immediately due to alleged political interference.
    (AP, 6/4/08)(AFP, 6/4/08)(WSJ, 6/4/08, p.A1)

2008        Jun 5, Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, the accused mastermind of the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks, said he welcomed martyrdom at US hands, as he and four codefendants faced trial for war crimes without the benefit of lawyers.
    (AP, 6/6/08)
2008        Jun 5, Alain Robert (45), the man known as the French "Spiderman," climbed The New York Times building to draw attention to global warming, adding to earlier conquests including the Eiffel Tower and the Golden Gate Bridge. Hours later a 2nd man ascended the building and was also arrested at the top.
    (Reuters, 6/6/08)(SFC, 6/6/08, p.A4)
2008        Jun 5, Continental Airlines Inc said it would cut 3,000 jobs, or about 6.5 percent of its work force, and retire 67 older planes as it scales down in the face of soaring fuel prices.
    (Reuters, 6/5/08)
2008        Jun 5, A provincial spokesman said NATO forces bombed a location in Paktika province and killed all 32 Taliban who had gathered there. Afghan police killed three Taliban militants in Jani Khail district of the same province and two other militants were wounded. A roadside bomb struck a civilian vehicle in Waza Khwa district of Paktika, killing a man, his wife and son (12).
    (AFP, 6/6/08)
2008        Jun 5, In Algeria a bomb attack blamed on Islamist militants killed six Algerian soldiers and wounded four in Cap Djinet, east of Algiers.
    (AFP, 6/6/08)
2008        Jun 5, Australian police said 70 men have been arrested in a global crackdown on Internet child pornography and more will be detained.
    (AFP, 6/5/08)
2008        Jun 5, In China more than 10,000 people were moved to higher ground as water continued to rise in a brimming lake formed by landslides from the May 12 earthquake and another strong aftershock rocked the quake-battered region.
    (AP, 6/5/08)
2008        Jun 5, Egyptian archaeologists unveiled a 4,000-year-old "missing pyramid" that they believed to have been discovered by an archaeologist almost 200 years ago and never seen again. The pyramid was thought to have been built by King Menkauhor, an obscure pharaoh who ruled for only eight years. The style of the pyramid indicates it was from the Fifth Dynasty, a period that began in 2,465 B.C. and ended in 2,325 B.C.
    (AP, 6/5/08)
2008        Jun 5, The European Parliament called for the peacekeeping mandate for Russian troops in the breakaway Georgian region of Abkhazia to be revised. The chamber also demanded the EU sends its own border mission into the conflict zone in Abkhazia.
    (AP, 6/5/08)
2008        Jun 5, The US military captured two Shiite militia suspects south of Baghdad.
    (AP, 6/5/08)
2008        Jun 5, An Israeli missile aimed at a group of Palestinian militants struck a house and killed a girl (6), hours after an Israeli was killed by a Hamas mortar barrage fired from the area.
    (AP, 6/5/08)
2008        Jun 5, In Italy a 3-day UN summit aimed at fighting hunger worldwide ended with pledges to boost food output, calls to cut trade barriers and more research on biofuels. Just before the meeting Saudi Arabia announced a donation of $500 million.
    (WSJ, 6/6/08, p.A10)(Econ, 6/7/08, p.70)
2008        Jun 5, Malaysia's government faced street demonstrations and public outrage over its decision to hike petrol prices 41 percent overnight, in a bid to curb its massive subsidies bill.
    (AP, 6/5/08)
2008        Jun 5, Amnesty International said Myanmar's military regime has forced cyclone survivors to do menial labor in exchange for food and stepped up a campaign to evict displaced citizens from aid shelters.
    (AP, 6/5/08)
2008        Jun 5, Dutch police arrested Aqueel Ur Rehman Abbasi, a 26-year-old Pakistani man, sought in Spain on terrorism charges. He was arrested in his prison cell in Vught where he was being held by the immigration and naturalization services.
    (AFP, 6/6/08)
2008        Jun 5, Pakistani authorities arrested three suspected suicide bombers and seized more than a ton of explosives in a suspected terror plot near Islamabad.
    (AP, 6/6/08)
2008        Jun 5, South Korea's antitrust regulator said it will order Intel Corp. to pay 26 billion won ($25.4 million) for violating fair trade rules.
    (AP, 6/5/08)
2008        Jun 5, Fighting in northern Sri Lanka claimed 16 LTTE members and two soldiers.
    (AP, 6/6/08)
2008        Jun 5, Sudan said it was banning US companies from working with international peacekeepers in Darfur and would not renew a contract held by a unit of US defense firm Lockheed Martin Corp.
    (Reuters, 6/5/08)
2008        Jun 5, Diplomats said Syria has told a 35-nation meeting that it will limit what UN nuclear inspectors can see when they go to check on allegations that Damascus is hiding atomic facilities.
    (AP, 6/5/08)
2008        Jun 5, A Turkish TV station quoted a senior military commander as saying that Turkey and Iran have carried out coordinated strikes against Kurdish rebels in northern Iraq.
    (AP, 6/5/08)
2008        Jun 5, Zimbabwe opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai vowed to push on with his bid to topple Robert Mugabe at a run-off poll as he returned to the campaign trail a day after being detained by police. The US Embassy said its diplomats and British colleagues were attacked as they tried to investigate Zimbabwe’s political violence.
    (AP, 6/5/08)(AFP, 6/5/08)

2008        Jun 6, Pres. Bush signed a transportation bill that freed $45 million for environmental studies for a levitating train planned to run from Disneyland  to Las Vegas.
    (SFC, 6/7/08, p.C2)
2008        Jun 6, The US Labor Dept. said the nation's unemployment rate jumped to 5.5 percent in May, the biggest monthly rise since 1986, as nervous employers cut 49,000 jobs.
    (AP, 6/6/08)
2008        Jun 6, In NYC James Delayo (60), the city’s chief crane inspector, was arrested and charged with taking bribes for allow cranes to pass inspection.
    (SFC, 6/7/08, p.A8)
2008        Jun 6, Crude oil settled up $10.75 at a record $138.54 on the NY Mercantile Exchange.
    (WSJ, 6/7/08, p.A1)
2008        Jun 6, A judge at City of Westminster Magistrates Court said 4 men: Vincent Bajinya, also known as Doctor Vincent Brown, Charles Munyaneza, Celestin Ugirashebuja and Emmanuel Nteziryayo, should be sent back to Rwanda for trial for their involvement in the 1994 genocide.
    (AFP, 6/6/08)
2008        Jun 6, Colombia's presidential spokesman said Colombia and Ecuador are restoring diplomatic ties at the charge d'affaires level following mediation by former US Pres. Carter.
    (AP, 6/6/08)
2008        Jun 6, An official said Cuba has authorized sex-change operations and will offer them free for qualifying citizens.
    (AP, 6/7/08)
2008        Jun 6, Dr. Paul Tessier (b.1917), pioneering French surgeon, died in Paris. He introduced innovative techniques in facial surgery.
    (WSJ, 6/28/08, p.A7)
2008        Jun 6, In Iraq two suspected Shiite militia leaders surrendered during raids by US forces, while tens of thousands of Shiite faithful streamed out of mosques to join protests against a security agreement with the United States. The arrests and demonstrations came on the eve of PM Nouri al-Maliki's trip to Iran, the second such visit in a year. A suicide bomber, believed to be a woman, exploded herself near a checkpoint in a village outside Ramadi, wounding two policemen.
    (AP, 6/6/08)
2008        Jun 6, An Israeli airstrike in Beit Lahiya targeted a Hamas base. One fighter was killed during an Israeli army operation in the central Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 6/6/08)
2008        Jun 6, Russia's new Pres. Medvedev met with leaders of a fractious alliance of ex-Soviet republics, warning Ukraine and Georgia not to lead their countries into NATO.
    (AP, 6/6/08)
2008        Jun 6, In Sri Lanka at least 23 people were killed and 67 wounded in two Tamil Tiger bomb attacks on public buses packed with civilians.
    (AFP, 6/6/08)
2008        Jun 6, Turkey's ruling AK Party held an emergency meeting after the top court overturned a government-led reform which lifted a ban on Muslim headscarves at universities.
    (Reuters, 6/6/08)
2008        Jun 6, Zimbabwe police briefly detained Zimbabwe's opposition presidential candidate for the second time this week and told him the party's rallies had been banned indefinitely three weeks before the runoff election.
    (AP, 6/6/08)

2008        Jun 7, Hillary Clinton pledged her support for Barack Obama and asked her supporters to do the same.
    (WSJ, 6/9/08, p.A1)
2008        Jun 7, In New York Nick Zito saddled 38-1 long shot Da' Tara to a 5 1/4-length upset at Belmont. Big Brown, the favorite, came in last.
    (AP, 6/8/08)
2008        Jun 7, It was reported that the AIDS epidemic was reckoned to have infected 33 million people worldwide.
    (Econ, 6/7/08, p.91)
2008        Jun 7, Jim McKay (b.1921), former ABC sports broadcaster, died in Monkton, Md. He covered 10 Olympic games over 24 years and was the voice on the anthology series “Wide World of Sports" for its first quarter century.
    (SSFC, 6/8/08, p.A2)
2008         Jun 7, In Afghanistan a Canadian soldier died after tumbling down a well while on night patrol. Capt. Jonathan Sutherland Snyder (26) was the 85th Canadian soldier, the third in a month, to die in Afghanistan since 2002.
    (http://tinyurl.com/6bu2q9)(Reuters, 6/8/08)
2008        Jun 7, Canada said it had wrapped up free trade negotiations with Colombia and reached agreement on related labor and environmental issues.
    (Reuters, 6/7/08)
2008        Jun 7, Congo President Joseph Kabila met with UN envoys who backed his plans to disarm and expel Rwandan rebels behind years of strife. They also planned to refocus the biggest UN peace force on rebuilding the shattered nation.
    (Reuters, 6/7/08)
2008        Jun 7, In Egypt thousands of demonstrators fought with police after a protest over flour rations in a town on the Mediterranean coast. Mustafa Khalil (88), a former Egyptian prime minister (1978-1980), died. He was an architect of the 1979 Camp David peace treaty between Egypt and Israel.
    (AP, 6/8/08)
2008        Jun 7, In Baghdad 4 police recruits were killed in a blast at the National Police headquarters. US soldiers captured a Basra-based "special groups" leader at a hideout in eastern Baghdad. The US military killed four suspected militants, captured five others and destroyed two safehouses in northern Iraq. An American soldier died when his vehicle was struck by a roadside bomb in eastern Baghdad.
    (AP, 6/7/08)(AP, 6/8/08)
2008        Jun 7, An Israeli tank killed a militant near Gaza City. Hamas confirmed the man was a member of the group and said two of his comrades were wounded. The Israeli military said the gunman was planting a bomb along the border.
    (AP, 6/8/08)
2008        Jun 7, A boat carrying 150 African migrants en route to Europe sank off the Libyan coast. The Libyan authorities later recovered 40 bodies. The Libyan government informed the Egyptian government of the incident on June 13 because they believe that 12 of the passengers were Egyptians.
    (AFP, 6/16/08)
2008        Jun 7, Macedonia’s State Election Commission announced it would nullify results from 193 polling stations after detecting fraud and other irregularities in the June 1 violence-marred parliamentary election.
    (AP, 6/8/08)
2008        Jun 7, In Morocco violent clashes between unemployed youths and the police left 44 people including 27 police officers injured in the southwestern port of Sidi Ifni.
    (AFP, 6/7/08)
2008        Jun 7, In Sri Lanka separate clashes in Vavuniya district killed 8 rebels and wounded five soldiers. Other battles in Jaffna and Welioya killed six rebels and wounded 10 soldiers.
    (AP, 6/8/08)
2008        Jun 7, President Hugo Chavez said that his government will rewrite a new intelligence law to calm fears in Venezuela that the decree could be used to stifle dissent. Thousands of opponents of President Hugo Chavez protested a "blacklist" unveiled by Venezuela's top anti-corruption official that bars key opposition candidates from running in upcoming elections.
    (AP, 6/8/08)
2008        Jun 7, Zimbabwe's High Court overturned a police ban on opposition rallies this weekend ahead of the June 27 presidential run-off.
    (Reuters, 6/7/08)

2008        Jun 8, The new $47.5 million SF Contemporary Jewish Museum, designed by Daniel Libeskind, opened on Jessie Square next to St. Patrick’s Church on Mission St. It was created in the former 1907 PG&E power station designed by Willis Polk.
    (SSFC, 6/8/08, p.A1)
2008        Jun 8, Iowa schoolteachers John (55) and Nancy (49) Vogel set off with their two twins (10), Daryl and Davy, on a 3-year bicycle trip from Alaska to Argentina. They expected to complete the trip in March, 2011.
    (SSFC, 8/15/10, Par p.8)(http://familyonbikes.org/blog/)
2008        Jun 8, In Ohio a small plane crashed in a residential area of Sandusky County and all 6 people aboard were killed.
    (SFC, 6/9/08, p.A5)
2008        Jun 8, In Oklahoma Taylor Placker (13) and Skyla Whitaker (11) were murdered on an unpaved road in Weleetka. On Dec 9, 2011, authorities announced murder charges against Kevin Sweat (25), who was already in custody in connection with the July 17 death of his girlfriend, Ashley Taylor (23).
    (SFC, 12/10/11, p.A6)(http://tinyurl.com/6lne9lz)
2008        Jun 8, In Texas a medical helicopter crashed on an isolated ranch in Sam Houston National Forest, killing a patient and three crew members.
    (AP, 6/8/08)
2008        Jun 8, In the Gulf of Mexico 4 college students from Texas and a safety officer were rescued after spending some 26 hours in choppy seas following the sinking of their 38-foot Cynthia Woods, which was competing in the Regatta de Amigos. Safety officer Roger Stone died in the capsized vessel.
    (SFC, 6/9/08, p.A3)
2008        Jun 8, Wicked weekend storms pounded the US from the Midwest to the East Coast, forcing hundreds of people to flee flooded communities, spawning tornadoes that tore up houses and killing at least eight people in Indiana (1), Michigan (6), Connecticut (1). Wisconsin Gov. Jim Doyle declared a state of emergency in 29 counties and President Bush declared a major disaster in 29 Indiana counties, freeing up aid. Iowa Gov. Chet Culver declared an emergency in nearly a third of the state's 99 counties.
    (AP, 6/8/08)
2008        Jun 8, In Afghanistan the body of Abdul Samad Rohani (25), an Afghan reporter for the BBC, was found in Helmand province. 3 British paratroopers were killed in Helmand province in a suicide bomb attack, bringing total British military deaths in Afghanistan since 2001 to 100.
    (AFP, 6/8/08)(AP, 6/9/08)
2008        Jun 8, In Algeria 2 bombs exploded at a railway station east of Algiers reportedly killing 13 people. Officials the next day said only 2 people, a French engineer and his driver, were killed in the bombings.
    (Reuters, 6/8/08)(AP, 6/9/08)
2008        Jun 8, Burundi's top rebel leader and the government's chief negotiator pledged to work to end 15 years of civil war as they arrived in South Africa for talks on the country's peace process.
    (AP, 6/8/08)
2008        Jun 8, In southwestern Greece a strong earthquake with a preliminary magnitude of 6.5 struck near the port city of Patras, killing at least two people and injuring more than 200.
    (AP, 6/8/08)(SFC, 6/10/08, p.A10)
2008        Jun 7, In Hong Kong a routine inspection found chickens infected with H5N1 bird flu in a poultry market. Authorities slaughtered 2,700 birds and banned live poultry imports from China.
    (WSJ, 6/9/08, p.A12)
2008        Jun 8, An unidentified gunman shot and killed a police officer in the city of Nazran in the province of Ingushetia.
    (AP, 6/9/08)
2008        Jun 8, A blast just outside Baghdad's Green Zone killed three civilians and wounded 10. 6 shepherds were killed execution-style before dawn by suspected militants linked to al-Qaida masquerading as fellow herders east of Baghdad. The US military captured six more suspected Sunni extremists in Mosul, including an alleged al-Qaida in Iraq leader and another man who is a wiring expert in charge of a bombing cell there. In northern Tamim province a suicide truck bomber, with explosives concealed under tanned animal hides, struck a US patrol base killing one US soldier and wounding 18 other Americans.
    (AP, 6/8/08)
2008        Jun 8, G8 leaders meeting in Japan pledged to fight skyrocketing energy prices by increasing efficiency and accelerating investment in new technologies, while urging producers to expand production.
    (AP, 6/8/08)
2008        Jun 8, In Tokyo police arrested Tomohiro Kato, a blood-spattered 25-year-old man, who they said drove a truck into a crowd of people, then got out and began a frenzied knife attack stabbing 17 people leaving at least 7 dead. On March 24, 2011, a court sentenced the former auto plant worker to death.
    (Reuters, 6/8/08)(WSJ, 6/9/08, p.A1)(SFC, 6/10/08, p.A3)(AFP, 3/24/11)
2008        Jun 8, Malawi began its fifth census since its 1964 independence from Britain, a decade after the last head count was held in the AIDS-blighted and impoverished nation.
    (AP, 6/8/08)
2008        Jun 8, In the Philippines a television news team was abducted in Sulu province by armed men, believed to be members of Abu Sayaf. A cameraman was released on June 12, but 2 colleagues remained captive.
    (SFC, 6/11/08, p.A15)(AP, 6/13/08)
2008        Jun 8, In Somalia 12 civilians were killed in Mogadishu in a cross fire between troops and suspected Islamic insurgents.
    (SFC, 6/9/08, p.A11)
2008        Jun 8, The leaders of Sudan's northern and southern halves signed an agreement to settle a dispute over the oil-rich Abyei region that, if implemented, could stop the nation's slide back into civil war.
    (AP, 6/8/08)
2008        Jun 8, In Tanzania a growing criminal trade in albino body parts was reported to have led to 19 killings over the past year. By the end of the year at least 35 albinos were reportedly murdered to supply witch doctors with limbs, organs and hair for their potions.
    (SSFC, 6/8/08, p.A22)(Econ, 1/17/09, p.50)
2008        Jun 8, In eastern Ukraine a powerful explosion tore through a mine, trapping at least 37 miners who had been making repairs to improve safety conditions in the mine. 23 miners were rescued on June 9.
    (AP, 6/8/08)(Reuters, 6/9/08)
2008        Jun 8, Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez urged Colombian rebels to lay down their weapons, unilaterally free dozens of hostages and end a decades-long armed struggle.
    (AP, 6/8/08)

2008        Jun 9, Democratic Rep. Dennis Kucinich defied his party leadership by calling for the impeachment of US President George W. Bush for launching the Iraq war, but his move was not expected to go anywhere.
    (Reuters, 6/9/08)
2008        Jun 9, The US said it will spend seven million dollars to help international observers ensure that presidential elections due at the end of the month in Zimbabwe are free and fair.
    (AFP, 6/9/08)
2008        Jun 9, In New York Samuel Israel III (48), the former chief executive of hedge fund firm Bayou Management LLC, was supposed to begin serving a 20-year prison term. Israel had pleaded guilty in 2005 for losses that cost investors some $400 million. His car was found near the Bear Mountain Bridge over the Hudson River. The words “suicide is painless" were written in the dust on the hood. Israel surrendered to police in Massachusetts on July 2.
    (WSJ, 6/11/08, p.A1)(SFC, 7/3/08, p.C3)
2008        Jun 9, Engineers from the Los Alamos National Laboratory and IBM Corp. unveiled, the world's fastest supercomputer, a $100 million machine that for the first time has performed 1,000 trillion calculations per second in a sustained exercise. Named Roadrunner it will be used primarily on nuclear weapons work.
    (AP, 6/10/08)
2008        Jun 9, In Georgia Linda Yancey (44) and Marcial Cax Puluc (20), a Guatemalan day laborer, were shot and killed in Atlanta’s Stone Mountain suburban community. In 2009 Linda’s husband Derrick Yancey (49), a former sheriff’s deputy, fled Georgia in April and was captured in September in Belize.
    (http://tinyurl.com/mqavw6)(SFC, 9/22/09, p.A5)
2008        Jun 9, Budweiser, US beer brewer, announced that it would go on sale in Vietnam.
    (Econ, 6/14/08, p.82)
2008        Jun 9, Afghan officials uncovered 236 tons of marijuana in a massive drug bust in southern Kandahar province. The drugs, estimated to be worth more than $400 million, were burned on site.
    (AP, 6/11/08)
2008        Jun 9, Thousands of demonstrators marched on the US Embassy to demand that Washington extradite Carlos Sanchez Berzain, a former Bolivian defense minister, who directed a military crackdown on riots that killed at least 60 people in 2003.
    (AP, 6/10/08)
2008        Jun 9, British constable Ian Terry (32), a father of two from Burnley, was fatally shot by a colleague during a training exercise in a disused warehouse in Manchester. An inquest in 2010 found he had been unlawfully killed. In 2012 the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) said Greater Manchester police and two of the force's officers will be prosecuted over the death of the constable.
    (AFP, 3/7/12)
2008        Jun 9, Some 32 common dolphins were found beached in and around a creek off the Percuil River, near Falmouth, England. Some were rescued, but 26 dolphins suffered painful, protracted deaths. 2 days later a marine animal protection group said the dolphins may have been killed after becoming disoriented by British navy sonar exercises.
    (AP, 6/11/08)
2008        Jun 9, Egypt's President Hosni Mubarak warned that the population could more than double to reach 160 million by 2050, hindering social and economic development unless something is done about the "urgent" problem.
    (AP, 6/9/08)
2008        Jun 9, Indonesia issued a quasi-ban against a minority Islamic sect in the face of violent protests by Muslim hardliners. Liberal Indonesians accused the government of caving in to extremists. Ahmadiyah leaders said they did not recognize the decree and would appeal.
    (AFP, 6/10/08)
2008        Jun 9, Iran's supreme leader told the visiting Iraqi prime minister that the US military presence is the main cause of Iraq's problems. A parked car packed with munitions exploded near a passing Iraqi army patrol in eastern Baghdad, killing three civilians and an army lieutenant. An alleged al-Qaida in Iraq bomber was captured with another suspect in Mosul, and another five men were arrested south of the city. Gunmen broke into three gold shops in west Baghdad killing 3 goldsmiths and wounding another. US soldiers under heavy fire during a raid in northwestern Iraq called in airstrikes and killed five suspected al-Qaida in Iraq militants.
    (AP, 6/9/08)(SFC, 6/10/08, p.A12)
2008        Jun 9, Israeli officials said they have transferred millions of dollars in delayed tax revenue to the Palestinian authority, money that will help pay thousands of workers who have not received their May wages.
    (AP, 6/9/08)
2008        Jun 9, Safaricom Ltd., a Kenya-based mobile-phone operation, made its debut in East Africa’s largest public offering valued at about $800 million. Shares in a 25% stake were offered at 5 Kenyan shillings and closed at 7 shillings. The company enabled customers to transfer money and at this time moved some $1.5 million a day across Kenya.
    (WSJ, 6/10/08, p.C1)(Econ, 6/7/08, p.78)
2008        Jun 9, Bronislovas Lubys (b.1938), former prime minister of Lithuania (1992-1993) and president of Achemos Grupe, was named the richest man in Lithuania with a personal worth of three billion litas (870 million euros). He moved up to the top spot from last year according to the newest rankings by Veidas magazine. Last year’s number one, Nerijus Numavicius fell to second with a value of 2.8 billion litas (810 million euros). In third place was MG Baltic’s owner Darius Mockus with 2.3 billion litas (666 million euros).
    (http://www.alfa.lt/straipsnis/c75542)
2008        Jun 9, A note threatening a Mexican journalist was found outside the office of a newspaper in southern Mexico, two days after someone left a severed head there. The letter was directed at Juan Padilla, editor of El Correo de Tabasco, which recently carried reports about migrant smuggling and kidnapping in the area.
    (AP, 6/10/08)
2008        Jun 9, UN helicopters fanned out across Myanmar's Irrawaddy delta, ferrying critical supplies to villages struggling to survive since a devastating cyclone struck more than five weeks ago.
    (AP, 6/9/08)
2008        Jun 9, Militants attacked an oil security vessel off the coast of Nigeria and seized eight navy personnel and a local Cameroon official. 3 soldiers escaped. On June 15 Cameroon military headquarters said authorities searching for the six people found five mutilated and bullet-riddled bodies buried in the mangroves.
    (Reuters, 6/9/08)(Reuters, 6/16/08)
2008        Jun 9, Panama security forces found 6 tons of cocaine in 273 packets on board three boats off Coiba island. Police were searching for 15 people who escaped the raid.
    (AP, 6/11/08)
2008        Jun 9, Russia and Norway met for 2-days talks in the hope of making progress in a decades-old dispute over their maritime border in the Barents Sea, a part of the Arctic that could hold large oil and gas reserves. After visiting the Norwegian town of Kirkenes, the ministers will go to Murmansk in northwest Russia.
    (AP, 6/9/08)
2008        Jun 9, A soldier and a police officer were killed when unidentified gunmen fired at a train carrying troops from Chechnya that had pulled in to the town of Khasavyurt in the republic of Dagestan.
    (AP, 6/9/08)
2008        Jun 9, Somalia’s government signed an agreement with an opposition alliance calling for an end to violence and the withdrawal of Ethiopian troops. A leader of the ousted Islamic movement rejected the UN-brokered deal.
    (SFC, 6/10/08, p.A3)(SFC, 6/11/08, p.A15)
2008        Jun 9, South Africa's ruling African National Congress party chief Jacob Zuma kicked off a visit to India with talks with PM Manmohan Singh in New Delhi.
    (AP, 6/9/08)
2008        Jun 9, A Yemeni security court convicted 13 Shiite rebels of plotting terrorist attacks, sentencing one of them to death.
    (AP, 6/9/08)

2008        Jun 10, President Bush, speaking in Slovenia at his final EU-US summit, said the United States and Europe must rally to keep Iran from developing a nuclear weapon, calling the threat an incredible danger to world peace.
    (AP, 6/10/08)
2008        Jun 10, Levonda J. Selph, a retired Army lieutenant colonel, pleaded guilty to steering a Pentagon contract for warehouses in Iraq to a contractor in return for $4,000 cash and a $5,000 trip to Thailand. She agreed to cooperate in the investigation and to pay the government $9,000 in restitution and serve a prison term.
    (AP, 6/10/08)
2008        Jun 10, In NYC a million pieces of stainless steel toy parts assembled into a nearly seven-story model skyscraper glimmered under the hot sun. It was created by American artist Chris Burden (b.1946). The 16,000-pound (7,250-kg) "poetic interpretation" of the 30 Rock Building at Rockefeller Center was made of replicated Erector set pieces from the toy created by A.C. Gilbert in 1912.
    (Reuters, 6/11/08)
2008        Jun 10, SF supervisors gave final approval to a program to create a $3 million fund to provide rebates for residents and businesses that install solar power systems.
    (SFC, 6/11/08, p.B3)
2008        Jun 10, XTO Energy said it will buy closely held Hunt Petroleum for $4.19 billion.
    (WSJ, 6/11/08, p.B1)
2008        Jun 10, The nation's top AIDS doctor said researchers have been undercounting new cases of HIV infection in the United States, meaning the rate is probably 25 percent higher at 50,000 people per year.
    (Reuters, 6/10/08)
2008        Jun 10, US-led coalition forces along the volatile Afghan border launched an airstrike that killed 11 Pakistani paramilitary troops. Pakistan’s military condemned it as an act of aggression within its border that "hit at the very basis of cooperation" in the war on terrorism. The incident followed a reported clash between Afghan forces and Taliban militants in the same area. The Taliban said eight of its fighters died in the skirmish.
    (AP, 6/11/08)
2008        Jun 10, In Argentina a new consumer price index came into effect. Under the new methodology every time a product’s price rises too sharply, it will be removed on the ground that consumers will switch to other goods. The official current inflation was in single digits, as the true figure soared above 20%.
    (Econ, 6/14/08, p.48)
2008        Jun 10, The British government published its annual poverty figures. They showed a rise in 2006-07 of 100,000 in the number of children living in poverty to 2.9 million.
    (Econ, 6/14/08, p.72)
2008        Jun 10, Chinese authorities detained Huang Qi for posting articles on his Web site criticizing the government's response to the massive earthquake that struck Sichuan province the month before. In 2009 he was sentenced to 3 years in prison.
    (AP, 11/23/09)(AP, 11/23/09)
2008        Jun 10, A new WWF report said China is now consuming more than twice as much as what its ecosystems can supply sustainably, having doubled its needs since the 1960s.
    (AFP, 6/10/08)
2008        Jun 10, Fighting between Djibouti and Eritrea killed nine Djiboutians and wounded 60 others. The UN Security Council joined the US on June 12 in condemning the Eritrean military action.
    (AP, 6/12/08)
2008        Jun 10, In eastern India tens of thousands of tourists were stranded in the Darjeeling tea-growing region of West Bengal state after a Gurkha separatist group called a strike to press its demand for an independent state, shutting down hotels, shops and roads.
    (AP, 6/10/08)
2008        Jun 10, Sheik Ali al-Nida, the head of Saddam's tribal clan, and one of his guards died in an explosion that Iraqi police blamed on a bomb that had been glued to the undercarriage of their car in Ouja.
    (AP, 6/11/08)
2008        Jun 10, Gaza militants bombarded southern Israel with 20 mortar rounds in the space of an hour midday, provoking Israeli ground strikes that killed 3 militants from the territory's ruling Hamas group.
    (AP, 6/10/08)
2008        Jun 10, Japan’s Toyota said it will start making the Camry hybrid in Australia and Thailand as part of its efforts to step up production of "green" cars around the world.
    (AP, 6/10/08)
2008        Jun 10, A Japanese patrol boat unintentionally sank a recreational fishing boat from Taiwan near the Senkaku islands, controlled by Japan, but also claimed by Taiwan and China. The vessel picked up all 16 passengers and crew.
    (Econ, 6/21/08, p.55)
2008        Jun 10, A Moroccan court convicted 29 people of planning terrorism attacks and supporting combatants in Iraq.
    (AP, 6/12/08)
2008        Jun 10, Nigeria’s Foreign Minister Ojo Maduekwe said official records show that 23,584 Nigerians are in prisons abroad for immigration offences. 9 Nigerian navy members were killed and four civilians injured in a second attack in as many days on a security vessel in the volatile oil-rich south.
    (AFP, 6/10/08)
2008        Jun 10, In Pakistan a US airstrike killed 11 Pakistani troops and frayed ties between the two nations. Pakistan said the soldiers died when US aircraft bombed their border post in the Mohmand tribal region.
    (www.longwarjournal.org/archives/2008/06/afghan_troops_clash.php)
2008        Jun 10, In South Korea some 700,000 protesters gathered for a candlelit demonstration against the government’s decision to resume beef imports from the US.
    (http://tinyurl.com/64zxhv)(Econ, 6/14/08, p.60)
2008        Jun 10, Spanish officials announced the arrest of 8 suspected members of an Islamic extremist cell. The Europa Press news agency said the detainees were suspected of raising money for terrorist activities.
    (AP, 6/10/08)
2008        Jun 10, A Sudan Airways plane carrying 214 people veered off a runway and burst into flames after landing at Khartoum International Airport, killing at least 30 people.
    (SFC, 6/11/08, p.A2)(AP, 6/12/08)
2008        Jun 10, In Venezuela the new intelligence system, dubbed the “Gestapo law," was repealed less than a fortnight after its introduction.
    (Econ, 6/14/08, p.47)
2008        Jun 10, Vietnam devalued its currency by almost 2% to bring the official exchange rate closer to black market rates. The main interest rate was increased to 14% from 12% in an effort to tamp inflationary pressure. A week earlier PM Nguyen Tan Dung had said there was no reason to decrease the value of the dong.
    (WSJ, 6/11/08, p.A15)
2008        Jun 10, Zambia’s state media said Zambia has granted political asylum to a dozen Zimbabwe opposition supporters who have fled mounting political violence ahead of a run-off presidential election this month.
    (AP, 6/10/08)
2008        Jun 10, Zimbabwe's opposition leader said the country was now effectively being run by a military junta as he vowed that he would not accept a victory for President Robert Mugabe at this month's poll.
    (AFP, 6/10/08)

2008        Jun 11, The US government said the average American life expectancy has surpassed 78 years with 81 years for women and 75 for men.
    (WSJ, 6/12/08, p.A1)
2008        Jun 11, US health officials said there were some 167 reported cases in 17 states of people falling ill from salmonella-tainted tomatoes.
    (WSJ, 6/12/08, p.A1)
2008        Jun 11, In South Carolina a bill allowing an “I Believe" license plate with the image of a cross and a stained glass window became law after Gov. Mark Sanford declined to veto it.  The state legislature allowed several religious-themed bills to become laws in its closing session.
    (SFC, 6/13/08, p.A5)
2008        Jun 11, NASA's Gamma-ray Large Area Space Telescope, or GLAST, successfully launched aboard a Delta II rocket from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida. The telescope was soon named after Enrico Fermi.
    (www.nasa.gov/home/hqnews/2008/jun/HQ_08141_GLAST_Launch.html)(SFC, 8/27/08, p.B7)
2008         Jun 11, In rural western Iowa four boys were killed when a tornado hit. They were among the elite of the Boy Scouts of America to attend a special week-long leadership development seminar put on by the Mid-America Council.
    (www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,366264,00.html)(AP, 6/13/08)
2008        Jun 11, Afghan officials said 31 people died in airstrikes in eastern Paktika province.
    (AP, 6/11/08)
2008        Jun 11, InBev, the Belgian-Brazilian brewing giant, offered $46 billion, or 65 dollars a share, in cash for Anheuser-Busch in a bid to create an unrivaled global brewing giant.
    (AFP, 6/12/08)(Econ, 6/21/08, p.77)
2008        Jun 11, Police in southern Brazil fired rubber bullets and tear gas at protesters who tried to invade a supermarket to protest high food prices, part of widespread demonstrations across more than a dozen states.
    (AP, 6/11/08)
2008        Jun 11, In Brazil bankers set an IPO price of $689 per share in OGX Petroleo e Gas Participacoes SA, a firm created by Eike Batista (50) to drill for oil in Brazilian offshore tracts.
    (WSJ, 6/12/08, p.B1)
2008        Jun 11, Yeshi Girma (32), the partner of Hussain Osman, a would-be suicide bomber who attempted to attack London's subway system, was convicted in London for not warning police about the July 1, 2005, plot. Her sister and brother were also both found guilty of failing to disclose information and helping Osman.
    (AP, 6/11/08)
2008        Jun 11, Canada, addressing one of the darkest chapters in its history, formally apologized for forcing 150,000 aboriginal children into grim residential schools, where many said they were sexually and physically abused.
    (Reuters, 6/12/08)
2008        Jun 11, A plane carrying 10 people that disappeared four days ago in Chile's frigid southern forests was found with nine survivors who stayed alive by huddling for warmth, sharing food and sheltering in the plane's wreckage. The only fatality was the pilot Nelson Bahamondes (65). The plane had disappeared June 7 after taking off the Chilean city of Puerto Montt en route to La Junta.
    (AP, 6/11/08)
2008        Jun 11, The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe adopted a Resolution establishing the election procedure of the members of the Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA). By mid August it was ratified by 17 countries.
    (www.coe.int/t/DG2/TRAFFICKING/campaign/default_en.asp)(Econ, 8/16/08, p.58)
2008        Jun 11, Hong Kong officials found bird-flu virus  at three more food markets and ordered the slaughter of some 3,500 birds at retail outlets.
    (WSJ, 6/12/08, p.A13)
2008        Jun 11, India’s central bank raised its key short-term lending rate by .25% to 8%.
    (WSJ, 6/12/08, p.A13)
2008        Jun 11, Abbas Palizdar, a former staff member of Iran’s parliament, was arrested. He had revealed that dozens of top clerical leaders had used their connections to swindle hundreds of millions of dollars from the state.
    (Econ, 7/26/08, p.58)(www.wikio.co.uk/news/Abbas+Palizdar)
2008        Jun 11, A bomb planted near a bridge in northern Baghdad killed 6 people on passing minibuses during rush hour. 2 mortar rounds hit a busy street in the central Baghdad area of Karrada, killing a civilian and wounding five others. The US military said it captured an Iranian-trained bomb expert southeast of Baghdad during a raid on the man's home. Elsewhere a Marine died in a non-combat related incident.
    (AP, 6/11/08)(AP, 6/12/08)(AP, 6/13/08)
2008        Jun 11, The Israeli military said soldiers opened fire at militants launching rockets into Israel. Palestinian officials said a 6-year-old girl was killed by Israeli tank fire in Gaza. A car bomb blast in central Tel Aviv killed a prominent Israeli lawyer, in what they called a criminal bombing and not an attack by Palestinian militants.
    (AP, 6/11/08)
2008        Jun 11, In Japan the upper house, newly controlled by the opposition Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ), passed its first ever censure motion against the government.
    (Econ, 6/14/08, p.55)
2008        Jun 11, Japanese pharmaceutical firm Daiichi Sankyo said it would buy control of top Indian generics firm Ranbaxy for up to 4.6 billion dollars, entering the fast expanding non-branded drugs market.
    (AFP, 6/11/08)
2008        Jun 11, The government of Lithuania approved construction of a new museum in Vilnius. The joint project between Lithuania, the Guggenheim and the State Hermitage Museum in Russia, will be designed by Iraq-born Zaha Hadid (b.1950) and is to open in 2013.
    (www.ejpress.org/article/news/27790)
2008        Jun 11, In southern Mexico armed men hijacked a bus carrying 33 Cubans and four Central American migrants detained after forcing immigration agents away at gunpoint. The seized Cubans and Central Americans were being taken to an immigration processing center in the nearby city of Tapachula when the attack occurred. Mexican immigration agents are normally unarmed on such assignments.
    (AP, 6/13/08)
2008        Jun 11, In Nepal deposed King Gyanendra left his palace in Kathmandu for the last time. The mistress (94) of his long dead grandfather, King Tribhuwan (d.1955), was allowed to stay in the palace because she had no relatives or house to move to.
    (SFC, 6/12/08, p.A11)
2008        Jun 11, In Nigeria a pay strike by teachers brought schools to a standstill after talks with the government ended in deadlock.
    (AFP, 6/12/08)
2008        Jun 11, The Rwandan army arrested four officers, including a brigadier general, over the murder of 13 senior Catholic clergy during the 1994 genocide.
    (AFP, 6/12/08)
2008        Jun 11, Serbian police arrested Stojan Zupljanin (57), a Bosnian Serb police commander during the 1992-95 civil war, and one of the four remaining war crimes fugitives wanted by the UN tribunal in the Netherlands.
    (AP, 6/11/08)
2008        Jun 11, South Korea's president said that his government will make a fresh start, hours after thousands of people had gathered in Seoul in the largest demonstration yet against the planned resumption of US beef imports.
    (AP, 6/11/08)
2008        Jun 11, Spain deployed riot police to lift striking truckers' blockades of a border crossing with France and a major highway outside Madrid and made dozens of arrests.
    (AP, 6/11/08)
2008        Jun 11, In Sri Lanka government forces destroyed two Tamil Tiger rebel bunkers in the embattled north while infantry clashes killed 13 rebels and two soldiers.
    (AP, 6/12/08)
2008        Jun 11, In Thailand thousands of truckers went on a half-day strike demanding government help against rising fuel prices, the latest in a series of protests that have swept across Asia and Europe.
    (Reuters, 6/11/08)
2008        Jun 11, Vietnam devalued its currency by 2% as inflation pushed over 25%.
    (Econ, 6/21/08, p.86)(http://enews.mcot.net/view.php?id=4709)
2008        Jun 11, Vo Van Kiet (b.1922), former Vietnamese Prime Minister (1991-1997), died in Singapore. The economic reformer had led the Communist nation away from poverty and isolation and backed the normalization of ties with the United States.
    (AP, 6/11/08)(WSJ, 6/14/08, p.A7)
2008        Jun 11, Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe's party said it would deploy more war veterans to campaign in some opposition areas ahead of a presidential election run-off marred by violence. South African President Thabo Mbeki said levels of violence in the approach to Zimbabwe's run-off presidential election on June 27 are a cause for "serious concern."
    (Reuters, 6/11/08)(AFP, 6/11/08)

2008        Jun 12, US House Republicans said an internal investigation of their campaign arm showed that Christopher J. Ward, a former treasurer fired last January, had stolen about $725,000 over a 6-year period.
    (WSJ, 6/13/08, p.A5)
2008        Jun 12, US health officials said there were some 228 reported cases in 23 states of people falling ill from salmonella-tainted tomatoes. The 1st patient had become sick on April 10.
    (WSJ, 6/12/08, p.A1)(SFC, 6/13/08, p.A2)(WSJ, 7/10/08, p.A3)
2008        Jun 12, Deaths due to the heat wave across the US East Coast climbed past 30 with at least 15 dead in Philadelphia and 7 in NYC.
    (WSJ, 6/13/08, p.A2)
2008        Jun 12, The University of Massachusetts rescinded an honorary law degree awarded 22 years ago to Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe, calling his politics "egregious" and his leadership an "assault on human rights."
    (AP, 6/13/08)
2008        Jun 12, In Minnesota Katricia Daniels (36) and her son, Robert Shepard (10), were found murdered. Daniels was stabbed and cut more than 100 times and her son had a television smashed over his head. On June 18 Stafon Edward Thompson (17) and Brian Lee Flowers (16), both of Minneapolis, were charged as adults with first-degree murder.
    (AP, 6/18/08)
2008        Jun 12, Gunther Stent (b.1924), who helped pioneer the field of molecular biology as one of the first scientists to confirm the structure of DNA, died in Pennsylvania. Stent was born Gunter Siegmund Stensch in Berlin. He escaped Nazi Germany in 1938 and joined his sister in Chicago. His 1963 book "Molecular Biology of Bacterial Viruses" became a key text in the study of genetics.
    (AP, 6/20/08)
2008        Jun 12, Jonathan Carr, English journalist and biographer, died in Germany.
    (www.ft.com/cms/s/0/198856aa-3e54-11dd-b16d-0000779fd2ac.html)
2008        Jun 12, Afghanistan's Pres. Hamid Karzai appealed to world donors in Paris for massive, long-term aid for police, road-building and agriculture to help make his country safer and his countrymen less hungry. Donors ranging from the US the World Bank pledged more than $21 billion for Afghanistan. 2 British troops were killed by enemy fire while patrolling the area around their base in the Upper Gereshk Valley.
    (AP, 6/12/08)(AP, 6/13/08)(AP, 6/13/08)
2008        Jun 12, ASEAN said Southeast Asian and UN experts will have full access to cyclone-devastated parts of Myanmar, where more than a million people have still not received any foreign help.
    (AFP, 6/12/08)
2008        Jun 12, In Brazil 3 armed robbers stole two Pablo Picasso prints from the Sao Paulo Museum of Art and 2 other paintings in a rapid strike in which they bypassed more valuable works. By August 18 police recovered all of the paintings and arrested 3 suspects.
    (AP, 6/13/08)(AP, 8/7/08)(AP, 8/18/08)
2008        Jun 12, The Bank of England reported that inflation in May had risen to a record 4.3%.
    (Econ, 6/14/08, p.71)
2008        Jun 12, In Chechnya at least 25 armed rebels raided the village of Benoi-Vedeno, killing three locals and setting several houses on fire. An internet site with ties to the separatist movement, www.kavkazcenter.com, said the rebels had killed 11 armed men linked to Ramzan Kadyrov, Chechnya's pro-Moscow president.
    (Reuters, 6/13/08)
2008        Jun 12, Chile’s Pres. Bachelet visited California on a trade mission, addressed the state Assembly and signed a cooperation agreement with Gov. Schwarzenegger.
    (SFC, 6/13/08, p.B12)
2008        Jun 12, Chinese police kicked foreign journalists out of Dujiangyan city, where the collapse of several schools in China's earthquake drew charges of corruption from parents of dead children.
    (AFP, 6/12/08)
2008        Jun 12, In Dagestan, a remote-controlled bomb killed a jogger in a park in the capital, Makhachkala. A passerby was injured and taken to hospital. Police said the explosive device was packed with shrapnel.
    (Reuters, 6/13/08)
2008        Jun 12, Ecuadorean police arrested four men, including at least three Colombians, who were allegedly plotting to kill President Rafael Correa (45). The next day police said 2 of the Colombians purportedly acknowledge having links to Colombia's right-wing paramilitaries and said they were offered US$1.5 million to kill Correa.
    (AP, 6/13/08)
2008        Jun 12, Human Rights Watch said Western donors have failed to condemn war crimes by Ethiopian forces during a year-old campaign against separatist fighters in the country's eastern Ogaden region.
    (Reuters, 6/12/08)
2008        Jun 12, In Indonesia a local health official said at least 21 toddlers have died of malnutrition in eastern Indonesia in recent months due to a food shortage that threatens the lives of thousands more children.
    (AP, 6/12/08)
2008        Jun 12, In Iraq US airstrikes destroyed a booby-trapped house believed to be an al-Qaida in Iraq hideout, killing four suspected insurgents northeast of Baghdad. A car bomb exploded as a police convoy passed through a commercial area in central Baghdad. Two people, one a policeman, were killed and 15 others were wounded. An American soldier was killed by a roadside bomb in Baghdad.
    (AP, 6/12/08)(AP, 6/13/08)
2008        Jun 12, In central Myanmar at least 11 people died over the last 24 hours when their homes collapsed from landslides caused by heavy rain.
    (AP, 6/14/08)
2008        Jun 12, Thousands of Pakistani lawyers and activists gathered for a "long march" from Lahore to Islamabad to demand the restoration of judges sacked by Pres. Pervez Musharraf.
    (AP, 6/12/08)
2008        Jun 12, A blast flattened the house of a militant commander in the Gaza Strip, killing four people, wounding 40 and burying an unknown number of others. Israel denied involvement. Hamas said the blast was caused by an Israeli airstrike and responded with a heavy barrage of rockets and mortar shells into southern Israel, wounding an Israeli woman. Earlier in the day Israeli troops killed two Palestinian militants in a clash in northern Gaza.
    (AP, 6/12/08)
2008        Jun 12, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon told Kosovo's leaders he intends to reshape the UN mission there to allow the EU to take on key tasks, according to a letter in the letter to Kosovo President Fatmir Sejdiu. Russia demanded disciplinary action against the head of the UN mission in Kosovo for preparing to hand over powers to a EU mission that Moscow says is illegal.
    (Reuters, 6/12/08)
2008        Jun 12, In Sri Lanka a new round of fighting with Tamil Tiger separatists has killed 11 rebels and two soldiers.
    (AP, 6/13/08)
2008        Jun 12, Taiwan and China agreed for the first time ever to set up permanent offices in each others' territories as the two sides met for their first formal talks in more than a decade.
    (AP, 6/12/08)
2008        Jun 12, Zimbabwe police arrested opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai while he was campaigning for the country's June 27 presidential run-off election. The Zimbabwean opposition's secretary-general Tendai Biti was arrested at Harare airport as he returned home from South Africa to campaign for the June 27 election.
    (AP, 6/12/08)

2008        Jun 13, In northern California some 2,800 firefighters battled the Humboldt Fire in Butte County. 9,000 residents were evacuated as the fire covered 23,000 acres. By June 15 most of the fire was under control after destroying 74 homes and damaging 20 more in Paradise.
    (SFC, 6/14/08, p.B1)(SFC, 6/16/08, p.B1)
2008        Jun 13, In Ohio 3 men were convicted of plotting to recruit and train terrorists to kill American soldiers in Iraq. Mohammad Amawi (28), Warwan El-Hindi (45) and Wassim Mazloum (27) faced maximum life sentences.
    (SFC, 6/14/08, p.A3)
2008        Jun 13, In Iowa the Cedar River crested at nearly 32 feet, 12 feet higher than the old record set in 1929. Water submerged more than 400 blocks of Cedar Rapids, threatened the city's drinking supply and forced the evacuation of a downtown hospital.
    (AP, 6/14/08)
2008        Jun 13, Leonard B. Auerbach (61), an American fugitive, was deported from Cuba to face federal charges in California of sexually abusing a Costa Rican girl and possessing child pornography. He was arrested on May 7, about a month after his arrival.
    (AP, 6/14/08)
2008        Jun 13, In SF it was reported that Ingersoll-Rand of Montvale, NJ, had agreed to hand over 12.3 acres, that included the former Schlage Lock Co. factory in Visitacion Valley, to Universal Paragon Corp. after the developer agreed to drop a $100 million lawsuit alleging polluted groundwater at an adjacent parcel. New development at the site will include 1,250 residential units, 3 parks and several stores.
    (SFC, 6/13/08, p.D1)
2008        Jun 13, Tim Russert (58), NBC News's Washington bureau chief, collapsed and died of a heart attack in his Washington newsroom.
    (AP, 6/14/08)
2008        Jun 13, Dennis Weatherstone (b.1930), British-born former chief executive of J.P. Morgan (1990-1994), died.
    (WSJ, 6/21/08, p.A6)
2008        Jun 13, In southern Afghanistan a suicide bomber hit a NATO military convoy, causing casualties. A Romanian soldier was killed and three others injured in Qalat, the capital of southern Zabul province. In south-central Uruzgan province, Afghan and NATO-led forces killed 17 Taliban. In eastern Paktia province, an operation by US-led coalition forces resulted in the deaths of a woman and a number of militants. In Ghazni province a coalition air strike killed seven Taliban militants. 30 insurgents on motorbikes and two suicide bombers attacked Sarposa Prison. About 870 prisoners escaped during the bomb and rocket attack on that knocked down the front gate and demolished a prison floor. 390 Taliban prisoners were among those who fled the prison during the attack.
    (AFP, 6/13/08)(AP, 6/14/08)
2008        Jun 13, The leaders of Australia and Indonesia pledged to join forces to fight climate change by saving forests and promoting carbon trading.
    (AFP, 6/13/08)
2008        Jun 13, In London, administrators said a takeover deal to rescue small business-class airline Silverjet has collapsed. The airline employed 370 pilots and cabin crew and 50 administrative staff in Luton, where it operated flights to New York and Dubai.
    (AFP, 6/13/08)(http://tinyurl.com/56mjgg)
2008        Jun 13, Chinese President Hu Jintao said the long journey to better ties with Taiwan was off to a good start, after the rivals signed historic agreements to set up direct flights and boost tourism.
    (AP, 6/13/08)
2008        Jun 13, A blast in a north China coal mine left 34 workers trapped underground, after rescuers lifted nine to safety. Heavy rains in southern China triggered floods that killed six people and forced the evacuation of 150,000 residents. A landslide in northern China buried a brick factory, killing 19 workers.
    (AP, 6/13/08)(AP, 6/14/08)
2008        Jun 13, An int’l. bird conservation group reported that over 1 million birds had been illegally trapped and killed in Cyprus over the past year to be served as local delicacies.
    (www.earthweek.com/2008/ew080613/ew080613c.html)
2008        Jun 13, Amnesty International said Egypt has deported 400 Eritrean asylum seekers back to Asmara and plans to forcibly return 1,200 more who are being held in detention in Egypt, putting them at serious risk of torture.
    (AP, 6/13/08)
2008        Jun 13, The EU said the bluefin tuna fishing season must end in the Mediterranean and eastern Atlantic Ocean at midnight on June 15, because this year’s quotas have been met. Spanish fishermen were given an extra 7 days due to higher stocks off Spain’s coast.
    (WSJ, 6/14/08, p.A6)
2008        Jun 13, Iraq's PM Al-Maliki said that talks with the US on proposals for a long-term security pact have reached an impasse over objections that Iraq's sovereignty is at stake. Al-Maliki told reporters in Amman, Jordan, that Iraqi negotiators had rejected US proposals because they would infringe on Iraqi sovereignty. US troops killed five suspected Shiite gunmen and detained two others during a raid near Hillah, about 60 miles south of Baghdad. An Iraqi police spokesman said two civilians, including a woman, also were killed and three others wounded after they were caught in the crossfire. American jets fired on militants who were trying to launch rockets at Iraqi security forces and coalition troops in Amarah.
    (AP, 6/13/08)(AP, 6/14/08)
2008        Jun 13, Ireland's voters rejected the EU reform treaty, a blueprint for modernizing the 27-nation bloc that cannot become law without Irish approval. A majority of voters appeared determined to register their opposition to the growth of a continental government that would erode Ireland's sense of independence. Grievances included fears of higher tax rates and planned cuts in farm subsidies.
    (AP, 6/13/08)(WSJ, 6/14/08, p.A1)
2008        Jun 13, Israel confirmed plans to build 1,300 more apartments in east Jerusalem, immediately drawing the ire of Palestinians who accused it of sabotaging already rocky peace efforts. Hamas claimed responsibility for a house explosion a day earlier in northern Gaza that killed seven Palestinians, one of them an infant girl.
    (AP, 6/13/08)
2008        Jun 13, In Indian-controlled Kashmir Islamic rebels ambushed an army vehicle and killed five Indian soldiers, including two senior officers.
    (AP, 6/14/08)
2008        Jun 13, An Italian woman (47), whose family kept her locked in a room for almost two decades, was freed by police. She had been accused of becoming pregnant out of wedlock.
    (AP, 6/14/08)
2008        Jun 13, Norway said it may seek foreign help to extinguish its biggest forest fire since World War Two, which has been raging for five days.
    (Reuters, 6/13/08)
2008        Jun 13, Russian officials said four people were killed in Nazran, the biggest city in the Ingushetia region, in an explosion that destroyed a building.
    (Reuters, 6/13/08)
2008        Jun 13, A Spanish judge jailed six Algerians on provisional charges of aiding terror groups linked to al-Qaida in North Africa.
    (AP, 6/13/08)
2008        Jun 13, The US Embassy in Madrid said suspected Syrian arms dealer Monzer al-Kassar was extradited to the US. He was arrested in Spain in June 2007 as part of a US sting operation. The United States said he had plotted to buy weapons for leftist rebels in Colombia.
    (AP, 6/13/08)
2008        Jun 13, In Sri Lanka's north clashes in the Welioya area killed seven rebels and four soldiers. 3 confrontations in Vavuniya and Mannar killed four rebels and three soldiers.
    (AP, 6/14/08)
2008        Jun 13, Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe said liberation war veterans would take up arms if he loses a June 27 presidential run-off vote. UNICEF said some 500,000 Zimbabwean children are no longer getting the treatment and food they urgently need since the government suspended the work of humanitarian aid organizations.
    (Reuters, 6/13/08)(AFP, 6/13/08)

2008        Jun 14, Shuttle Discovery and its crew of seven returned to Earth and capped a successful expansion job at the international space station, more spacious and robust thanks to a new billion-dollar science lab.
    (AP, 6/14/08)
2008        Jun 14, In northern California the former Fort Baker was rededicated as a public park and featured the new 142-room Cavallo Point lodge.
    (SFC, 6/13/08, p.A1)
2008        Jun 14, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed four US troops. Afghan and US-led coalition forces killed more than 15 insurgents during a hunt for inmates who fled prison after a sophisticated Taliban attack that set hundreds free, while Afghan forces recaptured 20 prisoners. Fifteen militants were killed in the Sangin area of Helmand province after a group of men in a treeline fired on Afghan and coalition troops.
    (AP, 6/14/08)(AP, 6/15/08)(AP, 6/16/08)
2008        Jun 14, Argentine police in riot gear broke up a farmers' highway blockade, briefly arresting 19 demonstrators including a prominent leader of a three-month protest against an increase in grain export taxes.
    (AP, 6/14/08)
2008        Jun 14, Rebels in Chad attacked the eastern town of Goz-Beida, and Irish EU troops took up defensive positions between the fighting and a refugee camp.
    (Reuters, 6/14/08)
2008        Jun 14, The EU presented Iran with a modified package of incentives to suspend its uranium enrichment program, but an Iran government spokesman said the country would reject the offer if it requires a halt to sensitive nuclear work. As part of the package Western nations told Iran that they could cut off any new help to Iran's anti-drug units unless the Islamic regime halts uranium enrichment.
    (AP, 6/14/08)(AP, 6/24/08)
2008        Jun 14, In northeast India landslides and house collapses caused by 2 days of heavy rains killed at least 14 people and injured more than 50 others.
    (AP, 6/14/08)
2008        Jun 14, US helicopters blanketed the southern city of Amarah with pamphlets urging residents to cooperate with Iraqi security forces as they prepare for a new operation against Shiite militia fighters. A bomb hidden on a bus exploded in a Shiite neighborhood in eastern Baghdad, killing two people and wounding eight.
    (AP, 6/14/08)
2008        Jun 14, In northern Japan a magnitude-7.2 earthquake ripped across mountains and rice fields, killing at least 13 people as it sheared off hillsides, jolted buildings and shook nuclear power plants. 10 people remained missing.
    (SFC, 6/17/08, p.A8)(AP, 6/18/08)(AFP, 7/10/08)
2008        Jun 14, In northern Japan a magnitude-7.2 earthquake ripped across mountains and rice fields, killing at least 11 people as it sheared off hillsides, jolted buildings and shook nuclear power plants. 12 people remained missing.
    (SFC, 6/17/08, p.A8)(AP, 6/18/08)
2008        Jun 14, In Nigeria a union leader said teachers have ended their three-day strike after the government agreed to heed their demand for a pay rise.
    (AFP, 6/14/08)
2008        Jun 14, Pakistan's main ruling party said it will reinstate judges ousted by President Pervez Musharraf only after it has overcome legal obstacles following a massive rally calling for their restoration.
    (AP, 6/14/08)
2008        Jun 14, Striking truck drivers in South Korea threatened to block the country's largest port to protest surging fuel prices.
    (AP, 6/14/08)
2008        Jun 14, Zaragoza, Spain, opened a World Expo and expected some 6 million visitors. The expo was due to close on Sep 14.
    (SSFC, 3/25/07, p.G2)
2008        Jun 14, Spanish police said they had charged 20 people with exchanging child pornography online and arrested 14 others in a nationwide operation.
    (Reuters, 6/14/08)
2008        Jun 14, In Sri Lanka ground battles left 15 guerrillas and two soldiers dead.
    (AP, 6/15/08)
2008        Jun 14, Swedish jazz star Esbjoern Svensson was killed at the weekend in a scuba diving accident off Stockholm.
    (AFP, 6/16/08)
2008        Jun 14, Annualized inflation in Venezuela stood at around 30% amidst an economic slowdown and an unprecedented crime-wave.
    (Econ, 6/14/08, p.47)
2008        Jun 14, President Robert Mugabe vowed that the opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) would never rule Zimbabwe and that he was prepared to fight to keep them from taking power. Zimbabwe opposition's number two leader appeared in court to face a treason charge, while police again detained opposition chief Morgan Tsvangirai ahead of this month's presidential run-off election.
    (Reuters, 6/14/08)(AFP, 6/14/08)

2008        Jun 15, In the annual NYC Tony Awards “August: Osage County" won 5 awards and the musical “In the Heights" won 4 awards.
    (SFC, 6/16/08, p.E3)
2008        Jun 15, Arthur Galston (b.1920), the botanist who discovered Agent Orange (1943), died. As a graduate student at the Univ. of Illinois he had found that a mild spray of 2,3,5-triiodobenzoic acid helped soyabeans grow, but that a stronger dose caused the plants to release ethylene which led to defoliation. He was appalled when a potentised strain of his discovery, containing dioxin as a by-product of manufacture, was used in Vietnam (1962-1970), and led efforts for toxicological studies, which stopped its use.
    (Econ, 6/28/08, p.94)(www.nytimes.com/2008/06/23/us/23galston.html)
2008        Jun 15, Michael Norton (66), who spent nearly two decades covering Haiti's coups, rebellions and disasters for The Associated Press, died after a long battle with cancer.
    (AP, 6/15/08)
2008        Jun 15, Afghan President Hamid Karzai threatened to send Afghan troops across the border to fight militants in Pakistan, a forceful warning to insurgents and the Pakistani government that his country is fed up with cross-border attacks. Afghan and US-led coalition forces killed 20 militants in Zabul province.
    (AP, 6/15/08)(AP, 6/16/08)
2008        Jun 15, Eleven Brazilian soldiers allegedly turned over three shantytown residents to a drug gang that executed them and left their bodies in a garbage dump. Police arrested the soldiers the next day and Rio state Gov. Sergio Cabral denounced the soldiers as criminals.
    (AP, 6/16/08)
2008        Jun 15, US President George W. Bush arrived in Britain to hold talks with PM Gordon Brown on issues including Iraq and Iran's suspect nuclear program. Bush urged Brown to withdraw forces from Iraq based on conditions on the ground and not an arbitrary timetable.
    (AFP, 6/15/08)(Reuters, 6/15/08)
2008        Jun 15, China’s state media said at least 55 people have died and seven were missing in flooding across a broad stretch of southern China.
    (AP, 6/15/08)
2008        Jun 15, The Comoros isle of Anjouan went to the polls to elect a new president 3 months after rebel leader Mohamed Bacar was ousted by an African Union military force.
    (AFP, 6/15/08)
2008        Jun 15, The EU threatened to impose sanctions against Sudanese who do not cooperate in bringing those accused of war crimes in Darfur to the international court.
    (AFP, 6/16/08)
2008        Jun 15, An Islamic ruling that Egypt should give some of its oil and gas wealth to the people has ratcheted up the pressure on the government, already faced with rising popular discontent over food prices. The Islamic Research Centre of Cairo's Al-Azhar University, Sunni Islam's highest authority, issued a fatwa or religious edict saying it is a sacred duty to pay 20 percent of oil, gas and mineral revenues in the form of alms to the poor known as zakat.
    (AFP, 6/15/08)
2008        Jun 15, In northern Finland an 88-year-old man killed his two disabled adult daughters and shot his bedridden wife before turning the gun on himself.
    (AP, 6/16/08)
2008        Jun 15, Israeli officials said that indirect peace talks between Israel and Syria have resumed, with Turkish mediation.
    (AP, 6/15/08)
2008        Jun 15, Kosovo's government took control of the newly independent nation as the country's constitution went into force after nine years of UN administration.
    (AP, 6/15/08)
2008        Jun 15, A peaceful repeat vote at dozens of polling stations in Macedonia confirmed the ruling coalition's landslide victory in parliamentary elections that had initially been marred by violence.
    (AP, 6/15/08)
2008        Jun 15, In Sonora, Mexico, one state police officer and two federal agents were killed in a running battle with dozens of gunmen that lasted several hours. One of the gunmen was wounded.
    (AP, 6/17/08)
2008        Jun 15, Rafael Del Pino Y Moreno (b.1920), Spain’s “King of the Bricks," died. His Grupo Ferrovial SA built the Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao and other emblematic infrastructure across Spain.
    (WSJ, 6/21/08, p.A6)
2008        Jun 15, Sri Lankan war planes destroyed a suspected Tamil Tiger logistics base in the island's northeast. The rebel Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) said Sri Lankan jets had killed two civilians and wounded 11 more in the attack.
    (AP, 6/15/08)
2008        Jun 15, Javier Garcia, a Venezuelan television anchorman, was found slain in his apartment, his body riddled with stab wounds.
    (AP, 6/16/08)

2008        Jun 16, US President George W. Bush won Europe's backing for tighter sanctions on Iran over its nuclear program and secured a British pledge to send more troops to Afghanistan.
    (AP, 6/16/08)
2008        Jun 16, In California county clerks began issuing marriage rights to gay men and lesbians, becoming the 2nd US state to grant such rights.
    (SFC, 6/17/08, p.A1)
2008        Jun 16, Maryland’s Gov. Martin O’Malley unveiled the BIO 2020 Initiative, America’s largest per-capita investment in biotech.
    (www.choosemaryland.org/pressroom/pressreleases/BIO2020.html)
2008        Jun 16, It was reported that Texas businessman Bassam Nabulsi had a federal lawsuit against Sheik Issa Bin Zayed Al Nahyan, a son of the late UAE president and brother of Abu Dhabi's crown prince. Nabulsi said he safeguarded the sheik's most important documents: financial records, investment documents, and videotapes showing the sheik torturing people with a cattle prod and a spiked plank.
    (AP, 6/16/08)
2008        Jun 16, In Utah the Bureau of Land Management announced a dinosaur find, calling the quarry near Hanksville "a major dinosaur fossil discovery." An excavation revealed at least four plant-eating dinosaurs and two carnivorous ones dating back to about 150 million BC.
    (AP, 6/17/08)
2008        Jun 16, In southern Afghanistan some 500 Taliban fighters took over several villages just outside Arghandab, and NATO and Afghan forces were redeploying to meet the threat.
    (AP, 6/16/08)
2008        Jun 16, Bosnia signed a stabilization agreement with the EU, the first step towards membership.
    (Econ, 6/21/08, p.64)
2008        Jun 16, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon unveiled an arresting shaft-of-light memorial in London to journalists killed in the line of work.
    (AP, 6/16/08)
2008        Jun 16, Britain’s Oxford Univ. announced that alumnus Michael Moritz, a SF Bay Area venture capitalist, has donated $50 million.
    (SFC, 6/17/08, p.D1)
2008        Jun 16, The Canadian government added the World Tamil Movement to its list of terrorist groups, describing it as a front organization that raised funds for the rebel Tamil Tigers fighting against the government in Sri Lanka.
    (Reuters, 6/16/08)
2008        Jun 16, The Canadian Auto Workers union ended its blockade of General Motors of Canada's headquarters in Oshawa, Ontario, allowing about 900 employees to return to work after nearly 13 days of protest, but it vowed to fight on.
    (AP, 6/16/08)
2008        Jun 16, A group of militants opened fire on a convoy of security officers in Chechnya, killing three and injuring five.
    (AP, 6/16/08)
2008        Jun 16, A conservation group said the northern white rhino of central Africa was on the verge of being wiped out. 4 surviving specimens in Congo’s Garamba National Park had not been seen since 2006.
    (SFC, 6/17/08, p.A3)
2008        Jun 16, Smugglers fleeing from Cuba's Coast Guard overturned a boat loaded with US-bound migrants to distract pursuers, killing a woman and an 11-year-old boy. The smugglers, who were charging US$10,000 a head to take 20 people to the United States, escaped in their speedboat after being surprised by the Coast Guard.
    (AP, 6/18/08)
2008        Jun 16, It was reported that France will slash 54,000 defense jobs and boost funding for space- and land-based military intelligence, according to a new strategy aimed at adapting the country's forces to evolving threats.
    (AP, 6/16/08)
2008        Jun 16, Police in Guinea went on strike, firing gunshots repeatedly into the air and blocking the country's main port. The work stoppage was launched in response to low wages and unpaid bonuses going back years.
    (AP, 6/16/08)
2008        Jun 16, Guyanese authorities banned imports of pit bulls into the South American nation following a spate of maulings by the breed.
    (AP, 6/16/08)
2008        Jun 16, An Iranian weekly said Iran has withdrawn around $75 billion from Europe to prevent the assets from being blocked under threatened new sanctions over Tehran's disputed nuclear ambitions.
    (Reuters, 6/16/08)
2008        Jun 16, Iran’s pro-reform daily Kargozaran reported that police were questioning women and men where they bought their clothes or had their hair done, then targeting the shops. A Police spokesman said 32 clothing shops and hairdressers in Tehran were shut down so far.
    (AP, 6/17/08)
2008        Jun 16, Israeli troops in southern Gaza killed three Palestinian gunmen as they planted explosives along the Gaza-Israel border. Separately an Israeli airstrike injured three Hamas militants, one of them critically.
    (AP, 6/16/08)
2008        Jun 16, The FCX Clarity, Honda's new zero-emission, hydrogen fuel cell car, rolled off a Japanese production line and headed to Southern California, where Hollywood is already abuzz over the latest splash in green motoring.
    (AP, 6/16/08)
2008        Jun 16, In Pakistan a bomb exploded at a Shiite mosque in the northwestern town of Dera Ismail Khan, killing four worshippers.
    (AP, 6/17/08)
2008        Jun 16, In Sri Lanka battles across the volatile north killed 14 ethnic Tamil rebels and one government soldier.
    (AP, 6/17/08)
2008        Jun 16, The Turkish military opened fire on 21 Kurdish PKK fighters trying to enter Turkey from northern Iraq. Most of them were "neutralized."
    (Reuters, 6/17/08)
2008        Jun 16, Officials said 2 days of peace talks in Turkey involving Israel and Syria had concluded and more talks were planned.
    (AP, 6/16/08)
2008        Jun 16, A Vietnamese soldier shot and killed four people and seriously injured five others before shooting himself dead. Nguyen Manh Hung (23) reportedly became enraged after being accused of stealing a mobile phone.
    (AP, 6/18/08)
2008        Jun16, In Zimbabwe Emmanuel Chiroto's house in the suburb of Hatcliffe was attacked and destroyed by ZANU-PF supporters. Chiroto had been elected Mayor of Harare. He was not present but his wife was later found beaten to death.
    (Econ, 6/28/08, p.50)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emmanuel_Chiroto)

2008        Jun 17, Florida Gov. Charlie Crist, a potential vice presidential candidate for John McCain, reversed his long-standing opposition to oil drilling off the Florida coast.
    (WSJ, 6/18/08, p.A1)
2008        Jun 17, In Oakland, Ca., police arrested Mark Chandler (33), leader of the Acorn gang, along with over 30 of his accomplices. They were linked to several homicides, carjackings, a series of restaurant robberies as well as drug and weapons trafficking.
    (SFC, 6/18/08, p.B1)
2008        Jun 17, Neil Beagley (16) died in Oregon of complications from a urinary tract blockage. In 2010 a jury found parents Jeff and Marci Beagley, followers of Christ Church in Oregon City, guilty of criminally negligent homicide for praying over their ill son instead of seeking medical help. On March 8, 2010, Jeff and Marci Beagley were each sentenced to 16 months in prison on charges of criminally negligent homicide.
    (SFC, 2/3/10, p.A8)(SFC, 3/9/10, p.A4)
2008        Jun 17, Cyd Charisse (b.1922), film actress and dancer, died in Los Angeles. Her films included “Singin’ in the Rain" (1952), in which she partnered with Gene Kelly. She was born as Tula Ellice Finklea in Amarillo, Texas. She was married to singer-actor Tony Martin.
    (SFC, 6/18/08, p.A2)(SFC, 7/31/12, p.A7)
2008        Jun 17, Residents and officials said Taliban militants destroyed bridges and planted mines in several villages they control outside southern Afghanistan's largest city in apparent preparation for battle, as some 4,000 people or more fled the Arghandab district 10 miles northwest of Kandahar city. An explosion elsewhere killed 4 British soldiers in Helmand province.
    (AP, 6/17/08)(AP, 6/18/08)
2008        Jun 17, Brazil's environment minister said grain crushers have extended a two-year-old moratorium on the purchase of soybeans planted in areas of the Amazon rain forest cut down after 2006.
    (AP, 6/17/08)
2008        Jun 17, The Rev. Henry Chadwick (b.1920), a Church of England priest and renowned scholar of the early centuries of Christianity, died. The first of his many books was a translation of "Contra Celsum" by Origen of Alexandria, the third century church father, published in 1953.
    (AP, 6/20/08)
2008        Jun 17, China's Xinhua News Agency said recent flooding has killed 169 people in 12 provinces following several weeks of rains.
    (SFC, 6/17/08, p.A8)
2008        Jun 17, Egypt's state-owned news agency said Israel and Hamas have agreed on a truce to begin June 19.
    (AP, 6/17/08)
2008        Jun 17, A human rights group said Iran has sentenced 177 people under the age of 18 to death over the past decade and has executed nearly three dozen of them.
    (AP, 6/17/08)
2008        Jun 17, Iraq's deputy speaker said parliament will start holding sessions outside the US-protected Green Zone in the fall. Muhieddin Abdul-Hamid (50), an Iraqi state TV reporter, was shot to death near his apartment in Mosul. A suicide bomber on a motorcycle struck a Baghdad checkpoint manned by US-allied fighters, killing one and wounding four. A deadly truck bombing in a Baghdad Shiite neighborhood killed at least 65 people. A US spokesman believed the attack was carried out by a Shiite special group led by Haydar Mehdi Khadum al-Fawadi, described as a "murderous thug" seeking to incite violence "for his individual profit and gain."
    (AP, 6/17/08)(AP, 6/18/08)(SFC, 6/19/08, p.A2)
2008        Jun 17, In Japan serial killer Tsutomu Miyazaki (45), who mutilated the bodies of four young girls and reportedly drank the blood of one of his victims, was among three convicted murderers executed for crimes an official called indescribably cruel. Also executed were Shinji Mutsuda (45), who had been on death row for the murder and robbery of two people, and Yoshio Yamasaki (73), who was convicted of killing two people for the insurance money.
    (AP, 6/17/08)
2008        Jun 17, In Lebanon overnight clashes between pro- and anti-government supporters left three people dead and four wounded in the east of the country.
    (AP, 6/17/08)
2008        Jun 17, Lawmakers in Lithuania, where many still feel bitter about nearly 50 years of Soviet occupation, approved legislation to ban the display of Nazi and Soviet symbols, such as the swastika and the hammer and sickle. President Valdas Adamus was expected to sign the bill into law later in the month.
    (AP, 6/18/08)
2008        Jun 17, Mexico’s Pres. Felipe Calderon signed a constitutional amendment that threw open the doors to its judicial system, allowing US-style public trials and creating a presumption of innocence.
    (AP, 6/18/08)(WSJ, 6/18/08, p.A8)
2008        Jun 17, Nigerian police stormed the hideout of the kidnappers of Eunice Gideon, the wife of a senior Bayelsa state official and freed her. She was abducted two weeks ago and was freed in neighboring Rivers state after a gunbattle with the kidnappers.
    (AFP, 6/17/08)
2008        Jun 17, Norway passed a new equality law granting gay couples the same rights as heterosexuals to marry, adopt and undergo artificial insemination.
    (AP, 6/17/08)
2008        Jun 17, In northwestern Pakistan gunmen killed four Shiite Muslims.
    (AP, 6/17/08)
2008        Jun 17, Two out of four Rwandan army officers being tried for their presumed role in the 1994 murder of 13 priests pleaded guilty at their first appearance in a Kigali court. The officers were accused of war crimes relating to the murder June 5, 1994, of 13 Catholic clerics, including three bishops.
    (AFP, 6/18/08)
2008        Jun 17, In Sri Lanka scattered fighting across the restive north killed 25 Tamil Tiger rebels and six soldiers.
    (AP, 6/18/08)

2008        Jun 18, The US Government Accountability Office (GAO) upheld Boeing’s protest of a refueling tanker contract and recommended a new competition.
    (SFC, 6/19/08, p.A8)
2008        Jun 18, US food safety officials said 383 people in 30 states have fallen ill in a Salmonella outbreak linked to certain types of tomatoes.
    (Reuters, 6/19/08)
2008        Jun 18, In Illinois Jeff Pelo (43), a former Bloomington police sergeant, was found guilty on 35 counts, including 25 of aggravated sexual assault from 2002-2005.
    (SFC, 6/19/08, p.A6)
2008        Jun 18, Floodwaters breached two levees in western Illinois and threatened more Mississippi River towns in Missouri after inundating much of Iowa for the past week. One official estimated up to 47 square miles could be flooded.
    (AP, 6/18/08)
2008        Jun 18, Tasha Tudor (b.1915), American children’s book illustrator, died in Vermont.
    (WSJ, 6/25/08, p.D7)(www.tashatudor.legacy.com/LMW/HomePage.aspx)
2008        Jun 18, Afghan and Canadian forces moved into villages outside Kandahar to root out Taliban militants, killing at least 36 insurgents.
    (AP, 6/18/08)
2008        Jun 18, An Australian government minister warned a drought crisis needed urgent attention or a crucial river system could suffer permanent ecological damage by October.
    (AP, 6/18/08)
2008        Jun 18, In Belgium hundreds of farmers, truckers and taxi drivers blocked roads in and around Brussels on the eve of an EU summit to push leaders for help coping with skyrocketing fuel prices.
    (AP, 6/18/08)
2008        Jun 18, A military official said Chad’s army has killed 161 rebels in a battle in the eastern part of the country.
    (SFC, 6/19/08, p.A17)
2008        Jun 18, China and Japan agreed to end a dispute over control of offshore natural gas fields and to jointly develop the fields in the East China Sea.
    (SFC, 6/19/08, p.A12)
2008        Jun 18, The European Parliament approved controversial new rules for expelling illegal immigrants from the bloc, overcoming opposition from left-leaning lawmakers and ignoring protests from human rights activists.
    (AP, 6/18/08)
2008        Jun 18, A European Union delegation met Fiji's coup leader Voreqe Bainimarama, seeking assurances that he will stick to a pledge to hold elections to restore democracy by March 2009.
    (AP, 6/18/08)
2008        Jun 18, Classic French filmmaker Jean Delannoy (100), who adapted novels by Victor Hugo and Andre Gide and won the Cannes Film Festival's top prize in 1946, died.
    (AP, 6/19/08)
2008        Jun 18, Leaders of one of India's lower castes reached an agreement with the government of a western Indian state, ending weeks of often violent protests. In eastern India officials said monsoon floods that have killed at least 29 people in the past week.
    (AP, 6/18/08)
2008        Jun 18, Israel and Hamas pledged to start a cease-fire June 19 in a bid to end a year of fighting that has killed more than 400 Palestinians and seven Israelis. The deal came as Israel also urged Lebanon to open peace talks.
    (AP, 6/18/08)
2008        Jun 18, Italian police arrested 33 Sri Lankan Tamils charged with belonging to the outlawed Tamil Tigers group fighting a separatist insurgency against the government in Colombo. In addition to being charged with membership of a proscribed organization, the 33 were also accused of having helped finance the Tamil Tigers through remittances.
    (AFP, 6/18/08)
2008        Jun 18, Latvian PM Ivars Godmanis suffered serious head injuries in a road accident in the center of the capital while traveling in a car with a siren on.
    (AP, 6/18/08)
2008        Jun 18, The Lithuanian parliament approved a law prohibiting the public display of Nazi and Soviet symbols, including portraits of Nazi and Soviet leaders, flags, hammer and sickle, swastikas, military symbols, uniforms, and playing the Nazi or Soviet anthems.
    (www.tau.ac.il/Anti-Semitism/updates.htm#280)
2008        Jun 18, A party in Malaysia's 14-party ruling coalition called for a vote of no confidence against the prime minister, in a serious blow to the embattled government.
    (AFP, 6/18/08)
2008        Jun 18, Food manufacturers promised Mexico's government that they would freeze prices on more than 150 food products to help families cope with rising costs.
    (AP, 6/19/08)
2008        Jun 18, Witold Waszczykowski, the chief Polish negotiator on missile defense with the United States, said Washington has been talking with Lithuania about basing part of a missile defense system in that country in case negotiations with Poland break down.
    (AP, 6/18/08)
2008        Jun 18, Sweden's Parliament narrowly approved a contentious law that gives authorities sweeping powers to eavesdrop on all e-mail and telephone traffic that crosses the Nordic nation's borders. Outrage over the statute soon led to 2 million protests, filed by e-mail.  In September the government approved 15 changes following the widespread protests.
    (AP, 6/18/08)(AP, 7/2/08)(SFC, 9/26/08, p.A4)
2008        Jun 18, Thousands of demonstrators accused the Thai government of yielding a disputed border region with an ancient temple to Cambodia, the latest trouble for the embattled prime minister who has been facing daily protests calling for his resignation.
    (AP, 6/18/08)
2008        Jun 18, Venezuela's national electoral council dealt a setback to President Hugo Chavez's foes by tentatively accepting a blacklist barring nearly 400 potential candidates, most from the opposition. Venezuela's government started posting National Guard troops on buses to try to prevent violent crime.
    (AP, 6/18/08)(AP, 6/19/08)
2008        Jun 18, The UN said up to 5 million people could go hungry in Zimbabwe next year due to a steady drop in food production coupled with the world's highest rate of inflation.
    (AP, 6/18/08)

2008        Jun 19, Barack Obama, US presidential candidate, announced that he would not use public funds for his campaign, contrary to a 2007 promise to use public funds. This would allow him to outspend John McCain by a wide margin.
    (Econ, 6/28/08, p.37)
2008        Jun 19, Two former hedge fund managers at investment bank Bear Stearns were arrested after a federal criminal probe into the collapse of funds they oversaw.
    (AP, 6/19/08)
2008        Jun 19, Bradley Birkenfeld, a former UBS executive, pleaded guilty to helping clients hide hundreds of millions of dollars and evade US taxes in a case that is part of a probe into whether the Swiss banking giant did the same for other wealthy individuals.
    (AP, 6/19/08)(Econ, 7/5/08, p.79)
2008        Jun 19, Researchers reported the survival of an Oregon man with advanced skin cancer following an experimental treatment that revved up his immune system.
    (SFC, 6/19/08, p.A8)
2008        Jun 19, Afghan officials said a swift offensive by Afghan and NATO forces drove Taliban militants from a strategic group of villages outside Kandahar and killed 56 insurgents. Two Afghan soldiers and one civilian also died. The militants had planted hundreds of land mines in the area before fleeing. 2 soldiers from the US-led coalition were fatally wounded in a shooting incident in Helmand province.
    (AP, 6/19/08)(AP, 6/20/08)
2008        Jun 19, In central Bosnia a helicopter carrying two Spanish pilots of the EU peace force and two German officers crashed, but it was not clear if there were any casualties.
    (AP, 6/19/08)
2008        Jun 19, It was reported that Bristol has been designated as Britain's first "cycling city" as part of a 100 million pound scheme aimed at getting people to exercise by using bicycles.
    (AP, 6/19/08)
2008        Jun 19, Canada's national police laid criminal charges against former Nortel Networks Corp chief executive Frank Dunn and other onetime executives, claiming the men fraudulently misstated the telecom equipment maker's results.
    (Reuters, 6/19/08)
2008        Jun 19, China’s government raised its base price for gasoline by 17% and 18% for diesel in an effort to diminish the nation’s appetite for fuel.
    (WSJ, 6/19/08, p.A1)
2008        Jun 19, Colombia's chief prosecutor ordered the arrest of a cashiered navy rear admiral on charges he helped drug traffickers. Rear Adm. Gabriel Arango was fired in August over accusations that traffickers paid him for information on the movements of drug patrols off Colombia's Caribbean coast.
    (AP, 6/19/08)
2008        Jun 19, The EU agreed to lift its 2003 diplomatic sanctions against Cuba, but imposed tough conditions on the communist island to maintain sanction-free relations.
    (AP, 6/20/08)(Econ, 6/28/08, p.44)
2008        Jun 19, In France a man suspected of stealing $15 million of historic treasures from churches was arrested. The 30-year-old suspect was taken into custody by police in Saint-Ouen, north of Paris, after he allegedly asked an antiques dealer to sell an object stolen from a church in Normandy.
    (AP, 6/19/08)
2008        Jun 19, In India officials said soldiers and rescue workers rushed to provide relief to hundreds of thousands of people stranded in eastern India by monsoon floods that have killed at least 38 people in the past week.
    (AP, 6/19/08)
2008        Jun 19, Iraqi troops arrested Rafia Abdul-Jabbar, the top official in Amarah, a Muqtada al-Sadr loyalist, drawing swift condemnations from followers of the anti-US cleric as a military operation against Shiite militias got under way. Iraqi troops arrested 11 people on the wanted list who were believed be members of armed groups and seized an unspecified number of weapons during overnight raids in Basra. US troops captured six suspected insurgents, including a wanted man believed to have ties to local al-Qaida in Iraq leaders. 15 others were captured during operations targeting al-Qaida elsewhere in northern Iraq.
    (AP, 6/19/08)
2008        Jun 19, Guns went quiet as a six-month truce between Israel and Gaza Strip militants took effect, but there was widespread skepticism about its ability to hold.
    (AP, 6/19/08)
2008        Jun 19, A Moroccan court ordered a newspaper to stop publishing testimony given by victims of years of repression under late king Hassan II to a royal truth commission.
    (AFP, 6/19/08)
2008        Jun 19, Nigeria's most prominent militant group claimed responsibility for an attack on Shell's main offshore oilfield and said it had kidnapped a US oil worker. The attack shut down a tenth of the country's oil output in a rare attack on a deepwater facility. The Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta (MEND) said US captain Jack Stone from oil services company Tidex was freed in the afternoon.
    (AFP, 6/19/08)(Reuters, 6/19/08)
2008        Jun 19, Philippine officials said Indanan township mayor Alvarez Isnaji and his son Jun, who negotiated with al-Qaida-linked rebels for the release of an abducted TV news anchor and three other people, have been arrested as suspects in the June 8 kidnappings.
    (AP, 6/19/08)
2008        Jun 19, Serbia's Supreme Court sentenced Radomir Markovic, late strongman Slobodan Milosevic's security chief, to 40 years in prison for organizing a deadly attack on a prominent dissident. He was convicted of trying to kill opposition leader Vuk Draskovic in October 1999.
    (AP, 6/19/08)
2008        Jun 19, In South Korea about 6,500 truck drivers ended their strike after transportation companies agreed to increase fees for hauling freight, but another 6,500 remained off the job.
    (AP, 6/19/08)
2008        Jun 19, In Sri Lanka fighting between the government forces and Tamil Tiger rebels along the northern front lines killed 26 rebels and three government soldiers.
    (AP, 6/20/08)
2008        Jun 19, The UN adopted Resolution 1820 affirming that sexual violence as a weapon of war affects international peace and security, and could trigger sanctions.
    (Econ, 2/21/09, p.61)(http://tinyurl.com/lg8px5)
2008        Jun 19, Zimbabwe’s Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) opposition said 4 more opposition activists and the wife of an MDC politician have been killed, blaming the deaths on ruling party supporters. The MDC youth members were abducted Jun 17 and their bodies were discovered in various locations in Chitungwiza, southeast of Harare.
    (AFP, 6/19/08)

2008        Jun 20, The US Federal Appeals Court in Washington, DC, ruled that Huzaifa Parhat, an ethnic Chinese Uighur captured in the early stage of the US war in Afghanistan, was inappropriately designated an enemy combatant.
    (SFC, 6/24/08, p.A5)
2008        Jun 20, Zinc prices closed at $0.9157 per pound, down 3 cents. September copper added 5 cents to $3.83 per pound in New York. Silver closed at $17.38 per ounce.
    (www.adn.com/money/industries/oil/story/427858.html)(http://tinyurl.com/6xgaby)
2008        Jun 20, The widening Salmonella outbreak sickened more than 550 people. US food safety inspectors planned trips to Florida and Mexico this weekend to examine tomato farms and distribution chains, hoping to pinpoint the source of the outbreak.
    (Reuters, 6/20/08)
2008        Jun 20, A rocket carrying a US-French satellite for monitoring ocean surface height was launched from Vandenberg Air Force Base in California. The data will be used to monitor climate change effects on sea level.
    (SFC, 6/21/08, p.A3)
2008        Jun 20, NASA scientists reported that the Mars Phoenix spacecraft had uncovered chunks of ice.
    (SFC, 6/21/08, p.A2)
2008        Jun 20, Wilbur Hardee (b.1917), founder of the Hardee’s restaurant chain (1960), died in Greenville, NC.
    (SFC, 6/24/08, p.B5)
2008        Jun 20, In southern Afghanistan a suicide bomber attacked a military convoy as it drove through a town, killing five civilians and one soldier from the US-led coalition.
    (AP, 6/20/08)
2008        Jun 20, Brazil’s Pres. Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva decreed a new 3.8 million acre (1.5 million hectare) Indian reservation in the heart of the Amazon rain forest's logging frontier.
    (AP, 6/21/08)
2008        Jun 20, Cambodian officials said authorities working with Australian police had destroyed an enormous stockpile of 33 tons of safrole-rich oil, a key ingredient used in producing the synthetic drug Ecstasy. Cambodian authorities have been working since 2002 to stem the distillation of the oil and since then have succeeded in detecting and dismantling more than 50 clandestine laboratories capable of producing up to 15 gallons of oil a day. Cambodian officials are trying to preserve the sassafras tree, which is classified as a rare species that grows mainly in Cambodia's Cardamom Mountains.
    (AP, 6/20/08)
2008        Jun 20, Maftuh Fauzi 27) a student at Indonesia’s National University, died in hospital. He had been among 100 fuel price protesters arrested May 24, but there were conflicting reports about the cause of death.
    (AP, 6/24/08)
2008        Jun 20, In Iraq hundreds of followers of anti-US cleric Muqtada al-Sadr took to the streets after prayers in Shiite areas to protest plans for a long term security pact between Iraq and the US. An American soldier was killed and five others wounded by roadside bombs northeast of Baghdad.
    (AP, 6/20/08)(AP, 6/21/08)
2008        Jun 20, Panicked youths rushed for the exits during a police raid on a Mexico City nightclub, leaving 12 people dead in the crush of bodies. The dead included 3 underage teens and 3 police officers. Prosecutors later charged the police commander who led a botched raid with 12 counts of homicide.
    (AP, 6/21/08)(SSFC, 6/22/08, p.A11)(AP, 6/25/08)
2008        Jun 20, Nigerian militants blew up a key oil supply pipeline operated by Chevron, in the latest attack targeting the country's multi-billion-dollar oil industry. The breached pipeline prompted Chevron to shut down its onshore oil production.
    (AFP, 6/21/08)
2008        Jun 20, Paraguayan prisoners rioted to press a list of demands including more sex. Inmates seized the Esperanza prison's director and other administrators, demanding nighttime conjugal visits and an end to mistreatment by guards.
    (AP, 6/20/08)
2008        Jun 20, Typhoon Fengshen smashed into the Philippines' third largest island packing winds of 140 kilometers (87 miles) an hour as residents braced for flooding, landslides and big waves. Flash floods and landslides triggered by Typhoon Fengshen left more than 700 dead or missing in various parts of the country.
    (AFP, 6/20/08)(AFP, 6/21/08)(Econ, 6/28/08, p.49)
2008        Jun 20, In Saudi Arabia religious police arrested 21 allegedly homosexual men and confiscated large amounts of alcohol at a large gathering of young men at a rest house in Qatif.
    (AP, 6/21/08)
2008        Jun 20, The UN reported that over 40 civilians had been killed this week in Mogadishu, Somalia.
    (SFC, 6/21/08, p.A3)
2008        Jun 20, South Korea's embattled President Lee Myung-Bak Friday replaced seven top aides to give his government a fresh start after weeks of mass protests against a US beef import deal.
    (AFP, 6/20/08)
2008        Jun 20, In Thailand several thousand protesters pushed through a heavy police cordon around the seat of government, vowing to besiege the compound until PM Samak Sundaravej resigns. They accused Samak's government of interfering with corruption charges against former PM Thaksin and trying to change the constitution for its own self-interest. A Thai army helicopter crashed in southern Thailand, killing all 10 people on board.
    (AP, 6/20/08)

2008        Jun 21, In New Jersey Scott Kalitta died when his Funny Car crashed and burst into flames during the final round of qualifying for the Lucas Oil NHRA SuperNationals at Old Bridge Township Raceway Park.
    (AP, 6/21/08)
2008        Jun 21, The flooding in the Midwest has brought freight traffic on the upper Mississippi to a standstill, stranding more than 100 barges loaded with grain, cement, scrap metal, fertilizer and other products while shippers wait for the water to drop on the Big Muddy.
    (AP, 6/21/08)
2008        Jun 21, In Afghanistan 5 foreign troops including a Polish national were slain in bombings, extending a series of daily attacks that have lifted the death toll for foreign forces this year to more than 100. In separate incidents attackers detonated bombs and opened fire on vehicles carrying Afghan troops in Zabul and Kunar provinces, killing five soldiers and wounding three. Afghan and coalition forces attacked and killed several militants manning a lookout post in Zabul province. Rockets fired from Pakistan hit a village in eastern Afghanistan killing a woman and three children, one of three cross-border attacks around the same late evening time. A total of 27 rockets were fired from Pakistan to the Afghan provinces of Paktika and Khost. Afghan troops responded by firing 19 artillery rounds from Khost and nine rounds from Paktika which landed in Pakistan.
    (AP, 6/21/08)(Reuters, 6/22/08)(AP, 6/26/08)
2008        Jun 21, Sean Langan (43), British freelance television journalist, was released by kidnappers along the Afghan-Pakistan border after being held for 3 months. Langan has spent the last few years making films about Afghanistan, Iraq and Zimbabwe, and his documentary "Fighting the Taliban" was short-listed for a Bafta this year.
    (AFP, 6/24/08)
2008        Jun 21, Paris Mayor Bernard Delanoe blamed "organized gangs" for clashes overnight near the Eiffel Tower between police and high school students celebrating the end of their final exams. 29 people were arrested, and 22 kept in custody, after the unrest in the Champ de Mars park.
    (AFP, 6/21/08)
2008        Jun 21, India's finance minister warned against "panic" and promised more measures to tame prices, a day after the country's inflation rate shot to a 13-year high.
    (AP, 6/21/08)
2008        Jun 21, In Iraq two Shiite brothers, kidnapped just weeks after their family returned to a mainly Sunni area outside Baqouba, were found shot to death.
    (AP, 6/21/08)
2008        Jun 21, Mexican soldiers captured at least 10 suspected members of a Tijuana-based drug cartel in a raid on a child's baptism party in Tijuana. A total of 61 people were arrested in the sweep, including the band hired to play the party and three city police officers.
    (AP, 6/23/08)
2008        Jun 21, Four French nationals, all Niger-based employees of the nuclear company Areva, were abducted by rebels from the Movement for Justice in a part of Niger known for its uranium mines. They were freed on June 25.
    (AP, 6/25/08)
2008        Jun 21, In the Philippines the Princess of Stars, carrying 862 passengers and crew, ran aground and capsized 3 km (2 miles) from Sibuyan island in the center of the archipelago. Nearly 800 passengers were missing as Typhoon Fengshen killed scores and left a trail of destruction across the archipelago. Only 48 survivors of the ferry were found, including 28 rescued the next day.
    (Reuters, 6/22/08)(AP, 6/23/08)(Econ, 6/28/08, p.49)
2008        Jun 21, In Rwanda 20 baby gorillas were "baptized" in a ceremony seen as a way to raise awareness of the threats facing the endangered species. The babies were represented by 20 figurines in the ceremony, attended by Rwanda's first lady Jeannette Kagame, on the edge of Volcano national park. The ceremony was the 4th of its kind in Rwanda in as many years.
    (AFP, 6/22/08)
2008        Jun 21, Serb authorities turned over an ex-Bosnian Serb police chief to the Yugoslav war crimes tribunal in the Netherlands. Stojan Zupljanin was arrested in the town of Pancevo last week after nine years on the run.
    (AP, 6/21/08)
2008        Jun 21, In Somalia Hassan Mohamed Ali, head of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees organization in Mogadishu, was abducted from his home on the outskirts of Mogadishu. He was released in late August. He had suffered bullet wounds in the neck and knee from the kidnapping, but said that he was generally treated well during his captivity.
    (AP, 8/28/08)
2008        Jun 21, South Korea said it will resume imports of US beef after American and South Korean suppliers agreed to block meat from older cattle, aiming to soothe health concerns that sparked weeks of demonstrations against new President Lee Myung-bak. Over 10,000 people rallied in central Seoul to protest the US beef imports.
    (AP, 6/22/08)(SSFC, 6/22/08, p.A11)
2008        Jun 21, Sri Lanka launched air attacks in rebel-held territory in the island's north as ground troops killed at least four guerrillas.
    (AP, 6/21/08)
2008        Jun 21, A Sudanese official said Sudan is grounding its national carrier Sudan Airways from June 23 for at least a month for breaking civil aviation rules, mainly over administration. On June 23 the Civil Aviation Authority agreed to a one month reprieve.
    (AP, 6/21/08)(AFP, 6/24/08)

2008        Jun 22, The Walker Fire began in Lake County, Ca. By June 25 it had covered 14,000 acres and was only 5% contained.
    (SFC, 6/26/08, p.B1)
2008        Jun 22, In SF a father and 2 sons were shot and killed in the Excelsior district during a minor traffic encounter. On Jun 25 Edwin Ramos (21), an alleged member of MS-13, was arrested in El Sobrante on murder charges. On May 9, 2012, Ramos was convicted on 3 first-degree murder charges in the killings of Tony Bologna (48) and his two sons (16,20). On June 11, 2012, Ramos was sentenced to 3 consecutive life terms with no possibility of parole. An FBI report in 2006 had implicated Ramos in the killing of Rolando Valladares. On July 9, 2012, Wilfredo Reyes (31), suspected of aiding Ramos, was arrested in North Carolina along with Jose Antonio Mejia, a suspected MS-13 gang member. On July 10, 2015, Reyes was sentenced to ten years in state prison.
    (SFC, 6/26/08, p.A1)(SFC, 5/10/12, p.A1)(SFC, 6/12/12, p.C3)(SSFC, 7/1/12, p.A1)(SFC, 7/10/12, p.A1)(SFC, 7/11/15, p.C1)
2008        Jun 22, George Carlin (71), legendary comedian, died of heart failure at a hospital in Santa Monica, Calif. In 2009 His book written with Tony Hendra was published as “Last Words: A memoir."
    (AP, 6/23/08)(SSFC, 11/22/09, Books p.F3)
2008        Jun 22, Dody Goodman (b.1914) comedian and character actress, died in New Jersey. She had gained famed on Jack Paar’s late-night show (1957) and as the ditsy matriarch on the 1976 “Mary Hartman, Mary Hartman" soap opera.
    (SFC, 6/24/08, p.B5)
2008        Jun 22, In Afghanistan US-led troops killed 55 militants including three senior commanders after rebels ambushed a patrol with rockets near the eastern Afghan-Pakistani border in fighting that had begun June 20. Militants in Pakistan fired rockets at NATO bases across the border in Afghanistan, killing three children in a village and prompting the alliance to launch a pair of retaliatory artillery strikes.
    (AFP, 6/23/08)(AP, 6/23/08)
2008        Jun 22, Natural gas-rich Tarija became the fourth Bolivian state to declare autonomy from the government of leftist President Evo Morales as voters backed greater independence in a referendum.
    (AP, 6/23/08)
2008        Jun 22, In Iraq a female suicide bomber struck near a government compound in Baqouba, killing at least 15 people and wounding 40. At least 21 suicide attacks have been carried out this year by women. A roadside bomb apparently targeting a police patrol struck a civilian car instead, killing four people, including two women, near the northern city of Kirkuk. A mortar attack in Udaim, 70 miles north of Baghdad, killed 10 members of a US-allied Sunni group that has joined forces with the Americans against al-Qaida in Iraq.
    (AP, 6/22/08)(AP, 6/23/08)
2008        Jun 22, Israel increased the trickle of badly needed goods flowing into the Gaza Strip, in the latest stage of a four-day-old truce with Hamas militants.
    (AP, 6/22/08)
2008        Jun 22, Fighting broke out in northern Lebanon between pro- and anti-government factions leaving at least four people dead.
    (AP, 6/22/08)
2008        Jun 22, Militants in Nigeria's southern Niger Delta, whose campaign of sabotage has sharply cut the country's oil output, announced a ceasefire but stopped short of agreeing to participate in peace talks.
    (Reuters, 6/23/08)
2008        Jun 22, Suspected Taliban rebels kidnapped 17 tribal policemen near Pakistan's Khyber pass, the latest incident on the main supply route for international forces in Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 6/23/08)
2008        Jun 22, A Russian film about a teenager surprised by the sudden appearance of the father she thought to be dead won the top prize at the 11th Shanghai International Film Festival. Vladimir Kott's directorial debut "Mukha" was named best feature film in the Jin Jue Awards announced at the conclusion of the nine-day festival.
    (AP, 6/23/08)
2008        Jun 22, Saudi Arabia held meeting in Jiddah between oil producing and consuming nations as a way to show that it was not deaf to international cries that high oil prices have caused social and economic turmoil. Oil Minister Ali al-Naimi said Saudi Arabia is willing to produce more oil if customers need it without citing any specific output increase. Britain’s PM Gordon Brown called for cash-rich Gulf nations to invest in renewable and nuclear energy production in Britain and elsewhere.
    (AP, 6/22/08)
2008        Jun 22, In Somalia gunmen killed Mohamed Hassan Kulmiye, a senior official with the Mogadishu-based Centre For Research and Dialogue (CRD), one day after kidnapping a UN official, the latest in a string of attacks against aid and rights workers.
    (AFP, 6/22/08)
2008        Jun 22, Sri Lanka Army troops captured six rebel bunkers near the front lines in Vavuniya after a battle that killed 10 rebels and five soldiers. In the nearby Mannar district, soldiers clashed with guerrillas, leaving 10 rebels and one soldier dead. Other battles in Welioya, Vavuniya and Jaffna killed 13 rebels while wounding 30 rebels and 15 soldiers.
    (AP, 6/23/08)
2008        Jun 22, Sudanese media said leaders of north and south Sudan have agreed to submit a dispute over the oil rich Abyei region to international arbitration in The Hague.
    (AP, 6/22/08)
2008        Jun 22, Thailand’s PM Samak Sundaravej agreed to resign if he lost a no-confidence vote in Parliament.
    (AP, 6/22/08)
2008        Jun 22, Zimbabwe’s opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai said he is pulling out of this week's presidential runoff due to mounting violence and intimidation against his supporters.
    (AP, 6/22/08)

2008        Jun 23, US presidential candidate John McCain argued that the 54 cent tariff on imported ethanol should be scrapped.
    (Econ, 6/28/08, p.43)
2008        Jun 23, A survey of religion found that 92% of Americans believe in God, but most say their faith isn’t the only way to eternal life.
    (WSJ, 6/24/08, p.A1)
2008        Jun 23, Henry Samueli, co-founder of Broadcom, pleaded guilty to making a false statement to the SEC in connection with the agency’s investigation of alleged stock option backdating at the company.
    (WSJ, 6/24/08, p.B2)
2008        Jun 23, Republic Services Inc. of Florida agreed to acquire Allied Waste Industries of Arizona for $6.24 billion in stock.
    (WSJ, 6/24/08, p.B3)
2008        Jun 23, More than 840 wildfires sparked by an "unprecedented" lightning storm burned across Northern California, alarming the governor and requiring the help of firefighters from Nevada and Oregon.
    (AP, 6/24/08)
2008        Jun 23, The World Wildlife Fund cautioned that the spread of so-called marine dead zones, where nothing can survive due to lack of oxygen, could cause the Baltic Sea ecosystem to collapse.
    (AFP, 6/23/08)
2008        Jun 23, In Afghanistan a civilian father and son were killed by coalition forces in eastern Nangarhar province. 2 gunmen on a motorcycle killed a female police officer in Herat province.
    (AFP, 6/23/08)
2008        Jun 23, Algeria's president named Ahmed Ouyahia, a pragmatist known for his tough line against Islamic extremists, as the country's prime minister, his third stint in the post.
    (AP, 6/24/08)
2008        Jun 23, Anglo-Australian mining group Rio Tinto said that it had agreed to a near doubling of the price of its iron ore sales to Chinese steel maker Baosteel.
    (AFP, 6/23/08)
2008        Jun 23, Canada confirmed a new case of mad cow disease, its 13th since 2003, but said the case in British Columbia did not pose a health threat.
    (Reuters, 6/24/08)
2008        Jun 23, Chile’s Pres. Michelle Bachelet pushed to permanently ban whaling along Chile's coast at the opening of the weeklong International Whaling Commission meeting.
    (AP, 6/24/08)
2008        Jun 23, European Union nations approved new sanctions against Iran, including an assets freeze of the country's biggest bank. The sanctions also include a travel ban on high-level experts dealing with Iran's nuclear program.
    (AP, 6/23/08)
2008        Jun 23, In Iraq a gunman opened fire on US soldiers attending a municipal council meeting in Madain, southeast of Baghdad, killing two of them and wounding three soldiers. An interpreter was also killed.
    (AP, 6/23/08)(AP, 6/24/08)
2008        Jun 23, In Jerusalem French President Nicolas Sarkozy said there could be no Mideast peace unless Israel drops its refusal to cede sovereignty over parts of Jerusalem claimed by the Palestinians, challenging one of Israel's most emotionally held positions.
    (AP, 6/24/08)
2008        Jun 23, A Japanese fishing boat capsized and sank off the country's eastern coast, leaving four crew members dead and 13 missing.
    (AP, 6/23/08)
2008        Jun 23, Lebanese security officials say heavy overnight fighting between pro- and anti-government supporters in the northern city of Tripoli has left four more dead. Lebanese troops deployed in Tripoli after 2 days of sectarian fighting left at least 9 people dead and 42 wounded.
    (AP, 6/23/08)(WSJ, 6/24/08, p.A1)
2008        Jun 23, Vlado Taneski (56), a Macedonian journalist jailed on suspicion of murdering at least two women in crimes he wrote about for his newspaper, was found dead in his cell.
    (AP, 6/23/08)
2008        Jun 23, The Nigerian senior oil workers union, PENGASSAN, launched a strike against Chevron. Company officials said the next day that oil production had not been affected.
    (AFP, 6/24/08)
2008        Jun 23, A Pakistani court disqualified former prime minister Nawaz Sharif from contesting a by-election for a seat in the National Assembly later this week.
    (AP, 6/23/08)
2008        Jun 23, Somali gunmen reportedly seized 4 Europeans from a yacht off the Gulf of Aden and took to Puntland, a semiautonomous region of northern Somalia. They demanded $1 million for the release of a German couple, their young son and a French boat captain. German officials subsequently said no child was kidnapped. The German couple was released on August 8 following a $1 million ransom.
    (AP, 6/26/08)(AP, 8/9/08)
2008        Jun 23, In Sri Lanka fighting in northern Sri Lanka killed 21 Tamil Tiger separatist rebels and two soldiers.
    (AP, 6/24/08)
2008        Jun 23, UN experts began probing allegations that Syria has a hidden nuclear program, as Damascus imposed strict secrecy on the visit, warning the UN not to drag it into a drawn-out investigation like the standoff with Iran.
    (AP, 6/24/08)
2008        Jun 23, Zimbabwe police raided the opposition party's headquarters and took away about 60 people, a day after the party's presidential candidate withdrew from a runoff against longtime leader Robert Mugabe. Opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai took refuge at the Netherlands embassy in Harare. World leaders challenged Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe's legitimacy and threatened sanctions. UN Security Council members unanimously condemned Zimbabwe's government, saying it has waged a "campaign of violence" that has made it impossible to hold a fair presidential election. The Zimbabwe opposition said that one of its lawmakers was in intensive care after being beaten up by President Robert Mugabe's supporters ahead of an aborted campaign rally.
    (AP, 6/23/08)(AFP, 6/23/08)(AP, 6/24/08)(AFP, 6/24/08)

2008        Jun 24, In NYC David Fisher, an Italian architect, said he is poised to start construction on a new skyscraper in Dubai that will be "the world's first building in motion," an 80-story tower with revolving floors that give it an ever-shifting shape.
    (AP, 6/25/08)
2008        Jun 24, In NYC Robert Williams (31) was convicted of attempted murder, rape, kidnapping, arson and other charges in an attack of a Columbia University graduate student, which was so prolonged and agonizing that Ann Prunty begged her tormentor to kill her and later tried to kill herself.
    (AP, 6/25/08)
2008        Jun 24, In North Carolina a federal grand jury indicted 26 suspected members of the MS-13 int’l. gang on charges that included racketeering and drug trafficking.
    (SFC, 6/25/08, p.A3)
2008        Jun 24, In Florida Gov. Charlie Crist and officials of US Sugar announced a plan for the state to buy US Sugar for $1.7 billion. The company, founded by Charles Stewart Mott, would be allowed to operate for 6 more years before returning 187,000 acres of the Everglades to its natural state. In November the plan was revised to pay $1.34 billion for 181,000 acres. In 2009 the plan was again scaled back to cover 72,500 acres fro $533 million with a 10-year option to buy the remaining land.
    (SFC, 6/25/08, p.A2)(WSJ, 6/25/08, p.B1)(WSJ, 11/12/08, p.A2)(WSJ, 4/2/09, p.A4)
2008        Jun 24, In Iowa a railroad bridge collapsed into the flooded Iowa River near Columbus Junction, dropping a locomotive and its engineer into the water.
    (AP, 6/25/08)
2008        Jun 24, Leonid Hurwicz, Nobel Prize co-winner in economics (2007), died in Minnesota.
    (SFC, 6/26/08, p.B5)
2008        Jun 24, In eastern Afghanistan coalition warplanes swooped down on militants withdrawing from a firefight with police into the mountains, killing 15 of them. Militants torched a convoy carrying military supplies just south of the capital near Saydabad. 2 NATO soldiers died when a mine blast hit a patrol in Khogyani, a district of the eastern province of Nangarhar. A British soldier serving with a separate NATO security force was killed in a bomb blast in Helmand province.
    (AP, 6/24/08)(AP, 6/25/08)
2008        Jun 24, A Japanese warship steamed into a Chinese port, the first such visit since World War Two, in a military exchange aimed at putting relations between the former bitter enemies on a firmer footing.
    (AP, 6/24/08)
2008        Jun 24, Cuba's Roman Catholic Church protested the communist government's growing support of gay rights, including a daylong event raising awareness against homophobia and a law allowing sex-change operations.
    (AP, 6/25/08)
2008        Jun 24, A lawyer said prison guards at an Egyptian jail near the Mediterranean city of Alexandria beat up 17 inmates to force them to end a hunger strike. An Egyptian security official denied a beating had taken place.
    (AFP, 6/29/08)
2008        Jun 24, The EU named Iran's largest commercial bank, the chief of the Revolutionary Guards and the head of the country's nuclear program as the targets of new sanctions imposed over Tehran's nuclear defiance as part of an updated blacklist of nuclear experts and companies in Iran being targeted under new sanctions.
    (AP, 6/24/08)
2008        Jun 24, Countries at a one-day conference in Berlin agreed to commit more than $240 million to help strengthen the Palestinian Authority's police force and court system. The funding being sought was for the Palestinian Authority-controlled West Bank, which does not control the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 6/24/08)
2008        Jun 24, In Indonesia about 1,000 Indonesian protesters angered by a student demonstrator's death after his arrest burned tires and hurled stones at police guarding the Parliament. Participants in the demonstration in Jakarta also demanded that the government revoke a 30 percent fuel price increase imposed last month.
    (AP, 6/24/08)
2008        Jun 24, A bomb struck a municipal council building in Baghdad's Shiite Sadr City district, killing four Americans, including two soldiers and two US government civilian employees. At least six Iraqi civilians also died. US troops captured a suspect who tested positive for explosive residue after fleeing the scene. Gunmen killed the head of the local council in Abu Dshir, a Shiite enclave in the mainly Sunni area of Dora in southern Baghdad. A roadside bomb killed three American soldiers and an interpreter north of Baghdad. Abu Khalaf, Al-Qaida in Iraq's top leader in Mosul, was killed along with two other extremists in a gunbattle.
    (AP, 6/24/08)(AP, 6/25/08)(AP, 6/26/08)
2008        Jun 24, Sixty people were hurt in Indian Kashmir in escalating protests about the handing over of land to Hindu pilgrims visiting the Muslim-majority region.
    (AFP, 6/24/08)
2008        Jun 24, Myanmar's ruling junta announced that 84,500 people perished in Cyclone Nargis in May, up from an earlier confirmed toll of 77,700.
    (AP, 6/24/08)
2008        Jun 24, New Zealand police charged two men in the slaying of Jae Hyeon Kim (25), a South Korean backpacker, who disappeared five years ago during a working holiday in New Zealand. The exact date of Kim's death remained unclear, but police said it was likely to have been between Sep. 29 and Oct. 22, 2003.
    (AP, 6/24/08)
2008        Jun 24, Ibrahim Gambari said Nigeria will seek a 90-day truce in the oil rich Niger Delta before holding a summit on peace in that region. Gambari was appointed to chair a summit.
    (AFP, 6/24/08)
2008        Jun 24, Three Palestinian rockets hit southern Israel and PM Ehud Olmert's office says the cease-fire that took effect last week has been broken. Islamic Jihad militants in the Gaza Strip said they carried out the attack to avenge an Israeli military raid that killed one of their fighters in the West Bank. Israeli troops killed two Palestinians in the West Bank raid. The militant group Hamas said it remains committed to a cease-fire with Israel, but will not act as Israel's "police force" in confronting militants who breach the truce. An Israeli police officer fatally shot himself in the head at an airport farewell ceremony for French President Nicolas Sarkozy. The officer was identified as Raed Ghanem, a member of the minority Druse community.
    (AP, 6/24/08)(AP, 6/25/08)
2008        Jun 24, Fighting across Sri Lanka's embattled northern region killed at least 32 ethnic Tamil rebels and four government soldiers. Air force fighters bombed a training base in the rebel stronghold of Mullaitivu while helicopter gunships pounded rebel bunkers along the front lines in Mannar.
    (AP, 6/25/08)
2008        Jun 24, Zimbabwe's opposition hand-delivered a letter to the country's electoral commission confirming that its leader Morgan Tsvangirai will not participate in this week's presidential run-off.
    (AFP, 6/24/08)

2008        Jun 25, The US Supreme Court ruled the death penalty cannot be imposed for child rape, its first decision in more than 30 years on whether a crime other than murder can be punished by execution. It struck down a Louisiana law that allowed the execution of people convicted of a raping a child.
    (AP, 6/25/08)
2008        Jun 25, The US Supreme Court overturned the $2.5 billion in punitive damages that Exxon Mobil Corp had been ordered to pay for the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill off Alaska. Punitive damages were reduced to $507.5 million.
    (AP, 6/25/08)(Econ, 5/22/10, p.68)
2008        Jun 25, Jerry Brown, California’s attorney general, sued Countrywide Financial for unfair business practices relating to home loan mortgages. Lisa Madigan, the attorney general of Illinois, also filed suit against Countrywide, which is being acquired by Bank of America. The Washington State Dept. of Financial Institutions filed an administrative action against Countrywide alleging discriminatory lending practices.
    (SFC, 6/26/08, p.C1)(WSJ, 6/26/08, p.A3)
2008        Jun 25, In western Kentucky employee Wesley N. Higdon (25) shot and killed a supervisor and four others after an argument at a plastics plant in Henderson in a rampage just after midnight that ended in suicide.
    (AP, 6/25/08)(AP, 6/26/08)
2008        Jun 25, In Cleveland, Ohio, 3 teenagers beat a homeless man to death as passers-by slowed to watch the attack, some of which was caught on videotape. Anthony Waters (42) suffered a lacerated spleen and broken ribs during the attack and died at a hospital.
    (AP, 6/27/08)
2008        Jun 25, Brooke Bennett of Braintree, Vermont, disappeared and was found dead on July 2. Federal prosecutors later charged Michael Jacques (42) with drugging, sexually assaulting and killing his 12-year-old niece. Prosecutors also said that he coerced another girl into aiding his plot by claiming to be part of a child-sex club that sometimes selected girls for "termination."
    (AP, 10/1/08)
2008        Jun 25, In Afghanistan US-led air strikes killed 22 Taliban militants who attacked two towns with rockets in Paktika province. In Helmand province a soldier in the US-led coalition was killed and three others were wounded when their vehicle hit a roadside bomb.
    (AP, 6/25/08)
2008        Jun 25, Dozens of Belarusian news Web sites filled their pages with grim black banners to protest a new media law that will severely restrict the last source of independent information in the repressive ex-Soviet state.
    (AP, 6/26/08)
2008        Jun 25, Queen Elizabeth II conferred a knighthood on "The Satanic Verses" author Salman Rushdie, a year after the announcement of the knighthood provoked protests from the Muslim world.
    (AP, 6/25/08)
2008        Jun 25, China re-opened Tibet to foreign tourists after claiming victory over the worst unrest there in decades -- which led Beijing to all but seal off the area from the outside world.
    (AP, 6/25/08)
2008        Jun 25, The International Crisis Group think tank said Guinea's "main problem is president Lansana Conte," regarding the situation in the West African nation shaken by army and police protests.
    (AFP, 6/25/08)
2008        Jun 25, In India several commanders of a leading separatist group in the restive northeast announced a cease-fire and called for an end to their 30-year rebellion.
    (AP, 6/25/08)
2008        Jun 25, Iran condemned as a "disgrace" the decision by Britain to lift a ban on the main Iranian armed opposition group, the People's Mojehedin Organization of Iran (PMOI).
    (AP, 6/25/08)
2008        Jun 25, Iraqi police reported 14 Shiite gunmen were arrested after fighting south of the capital. US soldiers in Baghdad killed 3 alleged gunmen who had reportedly fired on an American convoy that had stopped along the side of the road just west of the city's airport. Hospital officials identified the 3 people as a manager and 2 female bank employees. On July 27 the US military acknowledged that soldiers had killed 3 law abiding citizens. Outside Tikrit 6 people were killed in a farmhouse that was destroyed by a US airstrike.
    (AP, 6/25/08)(SFC, 6/26/08, p.A10)(SFC, 7/28/08, p.A3)
2008        Jun 25, Police in Muslim-majority Indian Kashmir fought running battles with protesters for the third consecutive day as anger mounted over the provision of land to Hindu pilgrims.
    (AP, 6/25/08)
2008        Jun 25, In Mexico state police spokesman Cesar Ramirez said 20 people have been killed in less than three days in the border city of Ciudad Juarez. Guerrero state authorities agreed to pay 490,000 pesos (US$48,000) in compensation to 14 indigenous Mexican men coerced into having vasectomies. The men said that state health workers showed up in the southern village of El Camalote in 1998 and demanded that men with more than four children must have vasectomies.
    (AP, 6/25/08)(AP, 6/27/08)
2008        Jun 25, Seven indigenous Maori tribes signed New Zealand's largest-ever settlement over grievances arising from 19th century losses of lands, forests and fisheries during European settlement of the country.
    (AP, 6/25/08)
2008        Jun 25, Nigeria's National Bureau of Statistics said the inflation rate rose in May to 9.7 percent from 8.2 percent the previous month, driven by increases in the cost of food and household items. Witnesses said at least six people have been killed over four days of fighting between rival militant gangs in southern oil-rich Bayelsa state.
    (AP, 6/25/08)
2008        Jun 25, In northwest Pakistan the bullet-riddled bodies of at least 22 captives were found along the Tank-Jandola road. Militants loyal to Taliban leader Baitullah Mehsud had taken captives from a rival, pro-government faction, headed by Turkistan Bitani in fighting that began on June 23.
    (AP, 6/25/08)
2008        Jun 25, Saudi officials said authorities have arrested hundreds of suspected al-Qaida-linked militants this year. Some of those arrested are suspected of plotting attacks against the kingdom's oil and economic installations. Of the 701 arrested 181 were released because there was no proof linking them to the terror network.
    (AP, 6/25/08)
2008        Jun 25, In South Africa striking local police opened fire on officers from South Africa's national force when they tried to stop them from blocking roads in Johannesburg. Patients with drug-resistant forms of the disease went on a rampage to protest prison-like conditions at the Jose Pearson hospital, near the coastal city of Port Elizabeth, which treats about 300 patients.
    (AFP, 6/26/08)(AP, 6/27/08)
2008        Jun 25, Spain's parliament voiced its support for the rights of great apes to life and freedom in what will apparently be the first time any national legislature has called for such rights for non-humans.
    (Reuters, 6/25/08)
2008        Jun 25, In northern Sri Lanka at least 69 Tiger rebels and two soldiers were killed in the last 2 days in heavy fighting where security forces wrested more territory from the guerrillas.
    (AFP, 6/26/08)
2008        Jun 25, Swedish car maker Volvo, a unit of US auto giant Ford, said it planned to cut 2,000 jobs worldwide, most of them in Sweden.
    (AFP, 6/25/08)
2008        Jun 25, A senior UN atomic inspector said an initial probe of US allegations that a Syrian site hit by Israeli warplanes was a secretly built nuclear reactor is inconclusive and further checks are necessary.
    (AP, 6/25/08)
2008        Jun 25, Zimbabwe's opposition leader emerged from his refuge at the Dutch Embassy to call for African leaders to guide talks to end Zimbabwe's crisis, saying a presidential runoff this week was no solution. Morgan Tsvangirai said the goal of the talks would be forming a coalition transitional authority for his country.
    (AP, 6/25/08)

2008        Jun 26, President Bush said he will lift key trade sanctions against North Korea and remove it from the US terrorism blacklist, a remarkable turnaround in policy toward the communist regime he once branded as part of an "axis of evil."
    (AP, 6/26/08)
2008        Jun 26, The US Supreme Court (DC v Heller) ruled 5-4 that Americans have a right to own guns for self-defense and hunting, the justices' first major pronouncement on gun rights in US history.
    (AP, 6/26/08)(Econ, 7/3/10, p.29)
2008        Jun 26, US Air Force Col. Samuel Lofton III was sentenced to 9 years in prison and kicked out of the military for assaulting a woman and other crimes at Sheppard Air Force Base, Texas.
    (SFC, 6/27/08, p.A3)
2008        Jun 26, The Federation of American Scientists, which studies the US nuclear arsenal, said in a report that Washington had removed its last atomic bombs from the British Royal Air Force base at Lakenheath, where they had been stationed since 1954.
    (Reuters, 6/26/08)
2008        Jun 26, Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) Assistant Chief Counsel Constantine Peter Kallas (38) and wife Maria Kallas (39), both of Alta Loma, Ca., were arrested at the San Manuel Indian Bingo and Casino on suspicion of accepting thousands of dollars from both legal and illegal immigrants in exchange for immigration benefits.
    (AP, 6/27/08)
2008        Jun 26, US government officials confirmed 756 illnesses from salmonella tainted tomatoes.
    (SFC, 6/27/08, p.A3)
2008        Jun 26, In New York Varsha Sabhnani (46), a millionaire who inflicted years of abuse on two Indonesian housekeepers held as virtual slaves in her Long Island mansion, was sentenced to 11 years in prison. She had been convicted with her husband in December on a 12-count federal indictment that included forced labor, conspiracy, involuntary servitude and harboring aliens.
    (AP, 6/27/08)
2008        Jun 26, Bank of America said it will cut about 7,500 jobs after it closes its acquisition of mortgage lender Countrywide Financial Corp.
    (AP, 6/27/08)
2008        Jun 26, Four international airlines (Air France-KLM, Cathay Pacific Airways, Martinair Holland and SAS Cargo Group) agreed to pay $504 million in fines to the US Justice Dept. to settle charges they conspired to fleece consumers by driving up cargo shipping prices.
    (AP, 6/26/08)
2008        Jun 26, Kent Snyder (b.1959), the driving force behind Ron Paul’s presidential campaign, died of complications from pneumonia.
    (WSJ, 7/5/08, p.A4)
2008        Jun 26, In Afghanistan a bomb hit troops from the US-led coalition patrolling in Wardak province, causing an unspecified number of casualties. A coalition service member was killed and five more wounded in western Farah province.
    (AP, 6/26/08)(AP, 6/27/08)
2008        Jun 26, Cuts in Haitian gasoline subsidies pushed the price of fuel to $6.14 a gallon, further burdening the people as the government redirected money to other programs.
    (AP, 6/27/08)
2008        Jun 26, In Indonesia a 1984 Casa-212 plane disappeared during an aerial surveillance mission about 60 miles south of the capital, Jakarta. All 18 aboard were killed.
    (AP, 6/27/08)(AP, 6/28/08)
2008        Jun 26, The Iraqi Football Association said it has dissolved the national soccer team and dismissed the Iraqi coach four days after the team's loss to Qatar ended the country's hopes of qualifying for the 2010 World Cup. A suicide bomber struck inside a municipal building in Garma (Karma), west of Baghdad, killing at least 20 people at a meeting of tribal sheiks opposed to al-Qaida. The dead included the mayor and tribal chief of the town as well as 3 US Marines. Another 18 people were killed and about 60 wounded in a car bombing near a government headquarters in Mosul. Judge Kamil al-Showaili, head of one of Baghdad's two appeals courts, was assassinated by drive-by shooters while traveling in eastern Baghdad.
    (AP, 6/26/08)(AFP, 6/26/08)(AP, 6/27/08)(SFC, 6/27/08, p.A3)
2008        Jun 26, Unicredit, Italy's biggest bank by capitalization, said it would cut 9,000 jobs in western Europe and invest in central and eastern Europe to boost profits following massive acquisitions.
    (AP, 6/26/08)
2008        Jun 26, In Japan foreign ministers from the Group of Eight (G8) industrialized nations agreed on the need to step up efforts to secure Afghanistan's borders and stabilize food and oil prices to avoid a global crisis.
    (AP, 6/26/08)
2008        Jun 26, Tens of thousands of Kashmiris filled the streets for a fourth day of protests, after police killings during earlier demonstrations enflamed their anger over the transfer of land to a Hindu shrine in this Muslim-majority region.
    (AP, 6/26/08)
2008        Jun 26, In Mexico gunmen killed Igor Labastida, a top federal police official, and his bodyguard as they ate lunch in Mexico City.
    (AP, 6/27/08)
2008        Jun 26, Nepal's PM Koirala announced his long-delayed resignation, clearing the way for the formation of a new coalition government led by former communist rebels. A general strike to protest an increase in fuel prices shut down the Nepalese capital, with schools, businesses and markets closed and streets empty of vehicles.
    (AP, 6/26/08)
2008        Jun 26, North Korea handed over details of its nuclear programs, paving the way to be removed from the US terrorism blacklist amid years of efforts to persuade the North to abandon the atom bomb.
    (AFP, 6/26/08)
2008        Jun 26, Gaza militants fired a rocket into southern Israel, causing no injuries but undermining a shaky, week-old truce meant to halt a violent cycle of attacks and harsh Israeli reprisals. The Al Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades, a violent group linked to the rival Fatah movement, claimed responsibility for the attack saying "the truce must include the West Bank and all sorts of aggression must stop."
    (AP, 6/26/08)
2008        Jun 26, A South African court ordered Jackie Selebi, the nation's top cop, to stand trial on corruption charges next year, widening a leadership vacuum in law enforcement agencies struggling to control one of the world's highest crime rates.
    (AP, 6/26/08)
2008        Jun 26, Sri Lankan forces captured a Tamil Tiger supply center and bombed a rebel training base amid a surge in the island's civil war that killed 49 insurgents and two soldiers.
    (AP, 6/27/08)
2008        Jun 26, Swiss police said they have arrested about 30 people in a crackdown on a large drug trafficking network.
    (AP, 6/27/08)
2008        Jun 26, A UN rights official said many poor countries accept toxic waste from abroad, such as old computers, rusted ships and pesticides, in a shortsighted bid to lift themselves out of poverty, despite the dangers to human health and the environment.
    (AP, 6/26/08)
2008        Jun 26, Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe held final campaign rallies on the eve of a one-man election denounced as a sham by the West after the opposition leader pulled out of the contest.
    (AP, 6/26/08)

2008        Jun 27, Barack Obama and Hillary Clinton began their joint Democratic campaign In Unity, NH.
    (SFC, 6/28/08, p.A1)
2008        Jun 27, US National Guard leaders ended a 5-day convention with their spouses in St. Thomas as their equipment accounts tallied a $47.5 billion deficit.
    (SFC, 6/28/08, p.A2)
2008        Jun 27, Settlement documents were filed for Steven Hatfill, a former Fort Detrick, Md., Army scientist. He had been named in 2002 as a person of interest in the 2001 anthrax attacks. He will receive $5.8 million to settle his lawsuit against the Justice Department. Hatfill claimed the Justice Department violated his privacy rights by speaking with reporters about the case.
    (AP, 6/28/08)(SFC, 6/28/08, p.A3)
2008        Jun 27, The US CDC said at least 810 Americans have been sickened by the strain Salmonella Saintpaul in tomatoes. The source of the tomatoes was made difficult due to the process of repacking tomatoes at distribution centers. As the number sickened reached nearly 1000 CDC officials began to look at other possibilities for the outbreak, including cilantro and jalapeno and Serrano peppers.
    (SFC, 6/28/08, p.B1)(WSJ, 7/5/08, p.A1)
2008        Jun 27, In SF city officials celebrated the dedication of the Kroc Corps Community Center and Railton Place on turk Street. The center and housing facility was the 2nd to open with funds from philanthropist Joan Kroc (d.2003), widow of McDonald’s billionaire Ray Kroc. She had left the Salvation Army some $1.5 billion.
    (SFC, 6/28/08, p.B1)
2008        Jun 27, Leaders of the Presbyterian Church in the US, meeting in San Jose, Ca., overturned a ban on the ordination of gays and lesbians.
    (SFC, 6/28/08, p.A2)
2008        Jun 27, Archbishop Raymond Burke of St. Louis, a church law expert known for his tough stance that politicians who support abortion rights be denied Holy Communion, was named to head the Vatican's supreme court.
    (AP, 6/28/08)
2008        Jun 27, The Mississippi River burst a levee inundating the small town of Winfield, Missouri.
    (WSJ, 6/28/08, p.A1)
2008        Jun 27, The US stock markets entered bear territory as a decline in the Dow Jones of 106.91 marked a 20% drop from a peak in October. Crude oil closed at 140.21.
    (SFC, 6/28/08, p.C1)
2008        Jun 27, Michael Turner (b.1971), comic book artist, died in Santa Monica of complications related to cancer. His company, Aspen MLT, created online comic adaptations for the NBC series “Heroes" and published his own titles including Fathom.
    (SFC, 7/4/08, p.B5)
2008        Jun 27, In Afghanistan a British soldier died and two others were injured when their patrol vehicle rolled over. An American special forces soldier was fatally wounded by a bomb during a patrol in Kandahar province.
    (AFP, 6/28/08)(AP, 6/30/08)
2008        Jun 27, Canada's highest court allowed a native Indian-only fisheries on a key Pacific coast salmon river, rejecting a complaint the policy fostered racial discrimination.
    (Reuters, 6/27/08)
2008        Jun 27, In Chechnya a clash left two militants and four police dead, and four more police wounded.
    (AP, 6/29/08)
2008        Jun 27, EU and Russian leaders, meeting in Siberia, agreed to launch formal negotiations on a new strategic agreement governing relations. A first round of negotiations will be held in Brussels on July 4.
    (Reuters, 6/27/08)
2008        Jun 27, France's highest administrative body, the Council of State, ruled that the woman, identified only as Faiza X, had "adopted a radical practice of her religion incompatible with the essential values of the French community, notably with the principle of equality of the sexes, and therefore she does not fulfill the conditions of assimilation" listed in the country's Civil Code as a requirement for gaining French citizenship.
    (AP, 7/16/08)
2008        Jun 27, In Guatemala a helicopter crash killed Interior Minister  Vinicio Gomez and three other people.
    (AP, 6/28/08)
2008        Jun 27, In India Field Marshal Sam Manekshaw (b.1914) died. He became the 8th chief of the Indian army in 1969 and in 1971 led India’s forces in the war with Pakistan that ended with the creation of Bangladesh.
    (SFC, 7/1/08, p.B5)(Econ, 7/5/08, p.95)
2008        Jun 27, A relative of Iraq’s PM al-Maliki was killed in Hindiyah, about 12 miles east of Karbala, in a raid conducted by 60 US soldiers supported by four helicopters and a fighter jet. Karbala is one of 9 Iraqi provinces where the US has handed over security to local officials.
    (AP, 6/29/08)(SSFC, 6/29/08, p.A9)
2008        Jun 27, Israel refused to fully open crossings with the Gaza Strip and Palestinian militants attacked Israel with mortars, further testing an already fragile truce. Israeli soldiers shot dead Mohammed Alameh (17), a West Bank teenager who threw Molotov cocktails at an army patrol.
    (AP, 6/27/08)(AP, 6/28/08)
2008        Jun 27, In Jamaica two gunmen murdered Douggie Chambers, chairman of the Jamaica urban Transit Company. The former accountant and fraud investigator had just finished redundancy terms for 485 workers.
    (Econ, 7/5/08, p.47)
2008        Jun 27, In Japan Group of Eight (G8) powers warned they could take further action against Sudan at the UN Security Council unless it complies with demands to bring Darfur war crimes suspects to justice.
    (AFP, 6/27/08)
2008        Jun 27, In Indian-controlled Kashmir tens of thousands of angry demonstrators filled the streets, burning flags and effigies of Indian leaders on the fifth day of protests against the transfer of land to a Hindu shrine in the Muslim-majority region.
    (AP, 6/27/08)
2008        Jun 27, In Piedras Negras, Mexico, Chad Foster, the mayor of Eagle Pass, Texas, attended a tree planting ceremony for the first of 400,000 trees which will form a "green wall" in protest of the fence the US is building along the border with Mexico.
    (AP, 6/28/08)
2008        Jun 27, Niger government troops clashed with ethnic Tuareg rebels, leaving at least 17 people dead.
    (AP, 6/27/08)
2008        Jun 27, North Korea destroyed the most visible symbol of its nuclear weapons program, blasting apart the cooling tower at its main atomic reactor in a sign of its commitment to stop making plutonium for atomic bombs.
    (AP, 6/27/08)
2008        Jun 27, A gang of Pakistani militants in the Bajur region executed two Afghan prisoners in front of thousands of cheering supporters, beheading Jan Wali (36) and shooting the other after accusing them of aiding a US missile strike. Celebratory gunfire then killed two bystanders and wounded six.
    (AP, 6/28/08)(SFC, 6/28/08, p.A5)
2008        Jun 27, In Spain the Basque parliament approved a plan for a regional referendum on self-determination, setting the stage for a confrontation with the central Spanish government in Madrid which has condemned the poll as illegal.
    (AP, 6/27/08)
2008        Jun 27, In Sri Lanka government troops captured Andankulam town in Mannar after a battle that killed 28 rebels and one soldier. Other battles killed 12 rebels and one soldier in the Welioya region, while in the northern Jaffna peninsula, a soldier died in a roadside bomb blast blamed on the rebels.
    (AP, 6/28/08)
2008        Jun 27, In Sudan a small cargo plane crashed mid-flight, killing 7 crew members, including 5 foreigners, in the third fatal aviation accident to blight the African country in the past two months. There was one survivor. Gunmen killed a Ugandan driver contracted to deliver aid for the World Food Program in Sudan, in the 7th such killing in the country in three months.
    (AFP, 6/28/08)(AP, 6/28/08)(AFP, 6/29/08)
2008        Jun 27, In Zimbabwe marshals led voters to polling stations and bands of government supporters harassed people in the street as the government held an internationally discredited, one-candidate presidential runoff marked by intimidation. A film was taken by prison guard Shepherd Yuda using a camera supplied by the Guardian newspaper. It was smuggled out of Zimbabwe and showed prison staff being told by a war veteran how to fill in their ballot papers for Mugabe.
    (AP, 6/27/08)(Reuters, 7/5/08)

2008        Jun 28, US President George W. Bush declared a state of emergency in California and ordered federal aid to help authorities battle more than 1,000 wildfires burning out of control.
    (AFP, 6/28/08)
2008        Jun 28, Ruslana Korshunova (20), a European Vogue cover model, fell to her death from her Manhattan apartment building in an apparent suicide. She was originally from the former Soviet republic of Kazakhstan.
    (AP, 6/29/08)
2008        Jun 28, In Mountain View, Ca., Omar Aquino (24) and his sister, Teresa Sanchez (27), were killed in their home. Police later said they were the victims of a conspiracy that included 7 youths and young adults communicating with cellular text messages.
    (SFC, 8/28/08, p.B4)
2008        Jun 28, A small plane crashed outside Las Vegas killing 4 residents of Oakley, Ca.
    (SFC, 6/30/08, p.B1)
2008        Jun 28, Dr. Robert C. Seamans, former NASA administrator (1960-1968) and MIT professor, died in Massachusetts. In 1968 Pres. Nixon named him secretary of the Air Force and in 1974 Pres. Ford named him the first administrator of the Energy Research and Development Administration (ERDA), which along with the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, had replaced the Atomic Energy Commission.
    (SFC, 7/4/08, p.B5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Seamans)
2008        Jun 28, In Afghanistan the US-led coalition said 32 militants were killed in southern Uruzgan province. 2 militants were killed in a firefight in the Marja district of troubled Helmand province. An army vehicle was struck by a roadside bomb in Paktia province killing two Afghan soldiers. In Farah province insurgents attacked the government headquarters in Juwain and the ensuing battle left at least 2 police officers dead.
    (SSFC, 6/29/08, p.A4)(AP, 6/30/08)(SFC, 6/30/08, p.A10)
2008        Jun 28, In Bulgaria extremists throwing rocks, bottles and gasoline bombs attacked the capital's first gay pride parade which included some 150 participants.
    (AP, 6/28/08)
2008        Jun 28, In Chechnya 2 police officers and 2 civilians were killed in the southern Shatoi district during an operation to persuade militants to surrender.
    (SFC, 6/30/08, p.A3)
2008        Jun 28, China’s government said Tropical Storm Fengshen killed at least nine people in southern China. In southwest China angry villagers set fire to police and government offices and overturned vehicles to protest how officials handled a teenage student's death. The unrest was sparked by the death of a 16-year-old student who was raped and murdered. Relatives said she disappeared after being called away by three young men, two of whom were related to officials in the county's public security bureau. Provincial officials soon dismissed the town’s government, party and police chiefs.
    (AP, 6/28/08)(AP, 6/29/08)(Econ, 8/2/08, p.30)
2008        Jun 28, In Iraq 2 militants were killed in a gunfight in Sharqat, about 170 miles north of Baghdad. One of the dead was identified as a wanted member of a network that carries out bombings. A suspected militant was killed in Kirkuk during a raid on a cell believed to have carried out kidnappings. Gunmen killed the head of Basra's intelligence department in a night time drive-by shooting in eastern Baghdad. The US military detained a suspected al-Qaida in Iraq member in Udaim in an operation that destroyed two structures rigged with explosives.
    (AP, 6/28/08)(AP, 6/29/08)
2008        Jun 28, In Indian Kashmir at least 50 people were injured when police and protesters clashed for a sixth day as resistance to the transfer of land to a Hindu pilgrim group deepened.
    (AP, 6/28/08)
2008        Jun 28, In Lebanon at least one person was killed and 28 others wounded when an explosion ripped through an apartment building in the northern city of Tripoli. The explosion was caused by a bomb placed in the first floor of a building in a district whose Sunni Muslim residents support the government.
    (AP, 6/28/08)
2008        Jun 28, In Malaysia a male volunteer, working for the political campaign of opposition leader Anwar Ibrahim, lodged a police report accusing him of sexual assault.
    (Econ, 7/5/08, p.51)
2008        Jun 28, Pakistani forces bombarded suspected militant hideouts with mortar shells as the government launched a major offensive against Taliban fighters near Peshawar, the main city in the country's volatile northwest.
    (Reuters, 6/28/08)
2008        Jun 28, In the southern Philippines some 50 New People's Army guerrillas attacked a police station and burned a cellular phone transmission tower, sparking clashes with government forces that killed at least 11 people.
    (AP, 6/29/08)
2008        Jun 28, Police in Russia’s Dagestan province killed three suspected militants, including a woman.
    (AP, 6/29/08)
2008        Jun 28, In northern Sri Lanka government troops captured a Tamil Tiger rebel-held village. 20 rebels and a soldier were killed in Vavuniya. Seven Tigers and a soldier were killed in Mannar and 14 rebels died in Welioya.
    (AP, 6/28/08)(AP, 6/29/08)
2008        Jun 28, The head of a foreign observer mission said many Zimbabweans deliberately defaced their ballots in a discredited presidential runoff with President Robert Mugabe as the sole candidate, and voted only out of fear.
    (AP, 6/28/08)

2008        Jun 29, US researchers reported that a drug called lodamin, developed using nanotechnology and a fungus that contaminated a lab experiment, may be broadly effective against a range of cancers.
    (Reuters, 6/30/08)
2008        Jun 29, A helicopter ferrying a patient with a medical emergency from the Grand Canyon collided into another chopper carrying a patient near a northern Arizona hospital, leaving six people dead and critically injuring a nurse.
    (AP, 6/30/08)
2008        Jun 29, In southwestern Afghanistan US-led troops backed by warplanes battled militants, killing 28 rebels including several Taliban leaders in Nimroz province. The Afghan interior ministry however put the death toll at 15. NATO said an explosion in southern Afghanistan killed one of its soldiers. A mother and three of her sons died when a bomb the men were allegedly constructing exploded in their home in Wardak province. 2 militants were killed in a clash with Afghan soldiers in Helmand province. An army vehicle was struck by a roadside bomb in Paktia province killing two Afghan soldiers. 3 coalition soldiers were killed when their vehicle rolled into a riverbed in Kandahar province.
    (AP, 6/29/08)(AP, 6/30/08)(AFP, 6/30/08)(SFC, 7/1/08, p.A9)
2008        Jun 29, Britain’s Glastonbury music festival, begun in 1970, wrapped up with a double bill of golden oldies following controversy over its first ever hip-hop headliner, Jay-Z, and troubled star Amy Winehouse.
    (AFP, 6/29/08)
2008        Jun 29, The bound and battered bodies of Laurent Bonomo and Gabriel Ferez, both 23, were found in a burning ground-floor bedsit (studio) in New Cross, southeast London. Bonomo was stabbed nearly 200 times while Ferez suffered around 50 wounds during a prolonged ordeal. The two scholars, both biochemists from a university in Clermont-Ferrand, central France, were on a short exchange program at London's Imperial College. On July 7 Nigel Edward Farmer (33) turned himself in at a London police station. On July 10 London police arrested a 5th suspect, Daniel Sonnex (23), over the brutal stabbing murders. Police were also questioning a 35-year-old man and a 25-year-old woman about the killings. Another man had been arrested but was released without charge.
    (AFP, 7/3/08)(AP, 7/6/08)(AP, 7/10/08)
2008        Jun 29, In Cameroon prison guards killed 16 inmates trying to escape from a jail in Douala, the country's commercial capital. The overcrowded prison was built in the 1930s to hold about 800 inmates, but has at least twice that number.
    (AP, 6/30/08)
2008        Jun 29, In France a shooting at a military show injured 17 people when real bullets were used instead of blanks. Gen. Bruno Cuche, the head of France's army, resigned following the shooting.
    (AP, 7/1/08)
2008        Jun 29, In Germany Bettina Schardt (79) committed suicide using a formula of antimalarial drugs tranquilizers provided by Dr. Roger Kusch. She did not want to move into a nursing home and asked Mr. Kusch for a way out.
    (www.nytimes.com/2008/07/03/world/europe/03germany.html)
2008        Jun 29, In India at least 39 members of an elite anti-insurgency unit were missing feared drowned in eastern Orissa state after their boat capsized following an attack by Maoist rebels. A blast at a crowded roadside market in the restive northeast killed six people and injured 40.
    (AFP, 6/29/08)(AP, 6/29/08)
2008        Jun 29, In India several hundred gay rights supporters took to the streets of Calcutta, Bangalore and New Delhi to call for an end to discrimination in a society where intolerance is widespread. The marches came days before the Delhi High Court is expected to hear arguments on overturning Section 377 of the penal code, a law against homosexual sex that dates to the British colonial era with punishment of up to 10 years in prison.
    (AP, 6/29/08)(Econ, 7/5/08, p.51)
2008        Jun 29, A truck bomb, in Duluiyah 45 miles north of Baghdad, detonated by remote control killing six policemen and a member of a local group of Sunni volunteers who have turned against the insurgents. Awakening council members opened fire on a would-be female suicide bomber, triggering her explosives belt, as she approached their headquarters 25 miles northeast of Baqouba. In separate violence near Baqouba, mortars killed two women and a child 40 miles north of the city in al-Udaim.
    (AP, 6/29/08)
2008        Jun 29, Israel's Cabinet overwhelmingly voted in favor of a deal with Hezbollah to swap a notorious Lebanese prisoner for two captured soldiers who were declared dead earlier in the day. Israel would release Samir Kantar, imprisoned for a 1979 attack etched in the Israeli psyche as one of the cruelest in the nation's history. Israel reopened its border crossings with the Gaza Strip to allow a trickle of goods into the territory.
    (AP, 6/29/08)
2008        Jun 29, Malaysia's de facto opposition leader Anwar Ibrahim took refuge at the Turkish embassy due to fears he could be assassinated after fresh accusations of sodomy.
    (AP, 6/29/08)
2008        Jun 29, In Mongolia high voter turnout capped a campaign between the two major parties for 76 seats in the Great Khural (Hural). The Democrats and the MPRP, Mongolia's ruling party, won as many as 45 seats in the parliamentary election contested over how to share more of the country's natural wealth.
    (AP, 6/30/08)(SFC, 6/30/08, p.A3)(Econ, 7/5/08, p.56)
2008        Jun 29, Pakistan's government claimed that it had saved the northwestern city of Peshawar from militants, as troops pushed forward on the second day of a major offensive against the rebels.
    (AFP, 6/29/08)
2008        Jun 29, In the central Philippines heavy rains have triggered a landslide that killed at least four people and injured 26 others.
    (AP, 6/30/08)
2008        Jun 29, In South Korea protesters fought riot police at a rally opposing the resumption of American beef imports, hours after the chief US diplomat vouched for the health of US cattle. Police refused to allow more candlelight protests after clashes left over 200 people injured.
    (AP, 6/29/08)(WSJ, 6/30/08, p.A8)
2008        Jun 29, Spain’s soccer team beat Germany 1-0 to win the Euro 2008 finals.
    (www.guardian.co.uk/media/2008/jun/30/tvratings.television?gusrc=rss&feed=media)
2008        Jun 29, In Sri Lanka army troops took control of about 46 square miles of rebel-held territory in the Mannar region. Soldiers killed 13 rebels in clashes in the Welioya region. Another 13 rebels and two soldiers were killed in battles in Mannar and Vavuniya districts.
    (AP, 6/30/08)
2008        Jun 29, In Zimbabwe according to official results President Robert Mugabe (84) won an overwhelming victory in the discredited, violence-wracked runoff election. On BBC TV Archbishop Desmond Tutu said there is "a very good argument" for sending an international force into Zimbabwe if diplomatic pressure fails to sweep away President Robert Mugabe.
    (AP, 6/29/08)(AFP, 6/29/08)

2008        Jun 30, President Bush signed legislation to pay for the war operations in Iraq and Afghanistan for the rest of his presidency and beyond, hailing the $162 billion plan as a rare product of bipartisan cooperation.
    (AP, 6/30/08)
2008        Jun 30, Missouri Gov. Mat Blunt signed a bill outlawing cyberbullying. The bill updated state laws against harassment by removing the requirement that the communication be written or made over the telephone. This was in response to the suicide of Megan Meier (13) on October 17, 2006.
    (SFC, 7/1/08, p.A5)
2008        Jun 30, Crude oil futures hit a record intraday high of $143.67 before closing at $140.
    (WSJ, 7/1/08, p.C16)
2008        Jun 30, In Afghanistan 4 civilians were killed and two police were wounded in three roadside bomb blasts in the Zurmat district of eastern Paktia province. Militants attacked the government office in the town of Azra, Logar province, killing a civilian employee and wounding 3 police. US-led helicopters and bombers killed 33 insurgents in eastern Khost province, while NATO soldiers in the same area cooperated with Pakistani troops across the frontier to kill several more rebels. Gunmen dragged three pro-Karzai tribal elders from their car and shot them dead in Paktika province. A policeman was killed in a separate but similar incident in the same area.
    (AFP, 6/30/08)(AP, 6/30/08)(AP, 7/1/08)
2008        Jun 30, In Hay, Australia, John Walsh (69) was arrested hours after hacking his two grandchildren and wife to death with an ax and badly wounding his daughter in Cowra.
    (AP, 6/30/08)
2008        Jun 30, In Chile Judge Alejandro Solis said he sentenced retired Gen. Manuel Contreras to two consecutive life prison terms for the killing of retired army chief Carlos Prats and his wife, who died when a bomb blew their car in Argentina in 1974. Contreras was already in prison serving sentences of more than 70 years for other crimes committed under Pinochet's rule.
    (AP, 6/30/08)
2008        Jun 30, In Egypt African Union Commission chief Jean Ping told African leaders at a summit that Africa must assume its responsibility in crisis-riven Zimbabwe.
    (AFP, 6/30/08)
2008        Jun 30, A French court ordered online auctioneer eBay to pay nearly 40 million euros in damages to Louis Vuitton for selling fake luxury goods, in a ruling cheered as a victory for copyright protection.
    (AP, 6/30/08)
2008        Jun 30, Brahim Deby, the eldest son of Chad’s President Idriss Deby, was found dead in the basement of his apartment building in a Paris suburb. He was asphyxiated by chemicals from a fire extinguisher that lay near his body. In late November Romanian police arrested a French-Romanian national identified as Marius C. after on a warrant from France.
    (AP, 11/28/08)(www.alertnet.org/thenews/newsdesk/L02560147.htm)
2008        Jun 30, The Socialist International (SI), meeting in Lagonissi, Greece, granted observer status to the Polisario Front, a group fighting for full independence in Western Sahara. The disputed Western Sahara region is largely controlled by Morocco, but the Algerian-backed Polisario Front is committed to securing independence.
    (AFP, 7/2/08)
2008        Jun 30, India’s massive waiver for the debts of small farmers took effect. This cost the government an estimated 1.6% of GDP. Banks and credit cooperatives will be reimbursed in installments over the next 4 years.
    (Econ, 7/5/08, p.84)
2008        Jun 30, A special Iranian court sentenced Ali Ashtari (45), an Iranian man, to death on charges of spying for Israel. It was the country's first known conviction for espionage linked to Israel in almost a decade. The salesman of electronic merchandise had a job supplying military, security and defense centers across the country with electronic devices.
    (AP, 6/30/08)
2008        Jun 30, In Indian Kashmir shops, schools and offices remained shut for the eighth day running as protesters demanded formal revocation of an order to hand over land to a Hindu pilgrim body.
    (AFP, 6/30/08)
2008        Jun 30, Iraq announced that it was opening six major oil fields and two natural gas fields to development by foreign firms.
    (AP, 7/1/08)
2008        Jun 30, Lithuania’s national communication regulator's office said that some 300 websites, including those of public institutions such as the national ethics body and the securities and exchange commission, as well as a string of companies, had found themselves under cyber attack.
    (AFP, 6/30/08)
2008        Jun 30, The UN said thousands of tons of food from the US has started flowing into North Korea.
    (SFC, 7/1/08, p.A3)
2008        Jun 30, In Pakistan an explosion killed six people at the house of Militant chief Haji Namdar in the northwestern Khyber tribal district, on the third day of a government offensive. Richard Boucher, the US Assistant Secretary of State for South and Central Asia, flew into Islamabad for talks with PM Yousuf Raza Gilani and other senior officials.
    (AFP, 6/30/08)
2008        Jun 30, In the Philippines gunmen killed journalist Bert Sison (62) and slightly wounded one of his daughters, whose sister pretended to be dead and escaped unharmed. The two daughters, also correspondents of the "Regional Bulletin," which reports mostly crime stories and sometimes carries articles critical of politicians.
    (AP, 7/1/08)
2008        Jun 30, Sri Lanka's air force bombed a Tamil Tiger rebel navy base, while separate ground clashes in the country's war-torn north left 20 combatants dead.
    (AP, 7/1/08)
2008        Jun 30, In Sudan a cargo plane crashed shortly after takeoff from Khartoum's airport, killing all four Russian crew members aboard. The plane hit an electricity pole shortly after takeoff and then crashed into an empty field.
    (AP, 6/30/08)

2008        Jun, The watchdog group Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Government (CREW) complained that Sen. Kent Conrad (D-N.D.) and Chris Dodd (D-Conn.) had received “sweatheart" mortgage deals from Countrywide while they were chairmen of Senate committees. Both men were cleared by a Senate ethics committee in 2009.
    (SFC, 8/8/09, p.A4)
2008        Jun, Evri, a Semantic Web company, was launched in beta test. Evri’s first CEO, Neil Roseman, conducted a demo of Evri.com at the All Things Digital conference in May 2008. On March 11, 2010, Evri announced it's acquisition of Radar Networks and its key property Twine.com.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evri)
2008        Jun, Afghan opium farmers accounted for some $500 million in annual income. This was dwarfed by the $3.5 billion smuggling and refining business. About 15 kingpins in control were all known to Western intelligence officials, but currently enjoyed impunity.
    (Econ, 6/21/08, p.54)
2008        Jun, Algeria’s mobile-telephone market rose to some 28 million, up from 1.4 million four years earlier. Two-thirds of the market was run by Egyptian and Qatari firms.
    (Econ, 6/14/08, p.64)
2008        Jun, Inflation in Bolivia reached an annual rate of 17%.
    (Econ, 8/2/08, p.39)
2008        Jun, Cosco, China’s biggest state-owned shipping company, won a tender to build and operate a new container terminal at the Greek port of Piraeus.
    (Econ, 8/23/08, p.51)
2008        Jun, Colombia’s government created the 25,000 acre Orito Ingi-Ande Medicinal Plants Sanctuary to protect plants, which the native Cofan people depend on for medicinal and spiritual purposes.
    (SFC, 7/8/08, p.A6)
2008        Jun, Iranian HIV doctor Arash Alaei and his brother Kamiar were arrested and accused of communicating with the United States in a bid to unseat the regime of Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad. Both were released in 2011.
    (AFP, 8/29/11)
2008        Jun, Nigeria's anti-drugs agency seized 80 ton of cannabis in its largest ever single haul, in the southwestern city of Ibadan.
    (AFP, 11/16/08)
2008        Jun, Nigeria’s 144 prisons, with an official capacity of 25,000, currently held almost twice that number.
    (Econ, 6/7/08, p.60)
2008        Jun, Andrey Melnichenko (36), founder of MDM Bank, took delivery of his new yacht designed by Philippe Starck. The Russian billionaire’s fortune was estimated at over $4 billion.
    (WSJ, 7/17/08, p.A1)
2008        Jun, In Thailand 3 legal advisers of ousted PM Thaksin Shinawatra were jailed after giving court officials a bag holding $60,000.
    (Econ, 7/12/08, p.52)
2008        Jun, Turkey’s police arrested some 50 people said to be involved in Ergenekon, an ultra-nationalist gang bent on overthrowing the AKP government. Veli Kucuk, a retired general arrested last January, was alleged to be one of the ringleaders.
    (Econ, 7/19/08, p.34)(WSJ, 7/2/08, p.A1)(Econ, 1/31/09, p.58)
2008        Jun, Turkmenistan’s population numbered about 5 million.
    (Econ, 6/28/08, p.49)

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