Timeline 2011 April - June

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2011        Apr 1, Southwest Airlines Flight 812 lost cabin pressure following a fuselage rupture just after takeoff from Phoenix. The Boeing 737-300 landed safely in Yuma with no injuries. Inspectors later found small cracks in 3 more Southwest planes. Some 300 flights were cancelled over the next 2 days as Southwest examined 79 similar planes.
    (SFC, 4/4/11, p.A6)
2011        Apr 1, In Mississippi a school bus collided with a tractor trailer near Shaw. A girl (10) was killed and at least 10 people were injured.
    (SFC, 4/2/11, p.A5)
2011        Apr 1, In Afghanistan 7 foreigners including 4 Nepalese guards were killed after demonstrators protesting a reported burning of the Muslim holy book stormed a UN office in Mazar-e-Sharif, opening fire on guards and setting fires inside the compound. Those killed included Nepalese guards who were working for the UN and other foreigners employed at the complex, as well as Joakim Dungel (33), a Swede who worked on human rights; Lt. Col. Siri Skare (53), a female pilot from Norway who was an adviser; and Filaret Motco (43), a Romanian who worked in the political section of the UN Five Afghan protesters were also killed and others wounded.
    (AP, 4/1/11)(Reuters, 4/2/11)(SFC, 4/2/11, p.A4)(AP, 4/3/11)
2011        Apr 1, Bahrain human rights organization and opposition groups said at least 20 people have been killed in total, since protests began February 14 and hundreds of activists have been either detained or questioned since martial law went into effect in mid-March.
    (AP, 4/1/11)
2011        Apr 1, Cambodian PM Hun Sen declared his personal assets to the country's new anti-corruption unit and urged officials to follow his lead in a bid to tackle rampant graft.
    (AFP, 4/1/11)
2011        Apr 1, In Egypt thousands of people filled Tahrir Square to call for Egypt's military government to harshly punish members of ex-President Hosni Mubarak's former administration.
    (AP, 4/1/11)
2011        Apr 1, Greek authorities said an Italian radical anarchist group, the Informal Anarchist Federation, has claimed responsibility for three mail bomb attacks on a Greek prison, an office of the Swiss nuclear power industry and an Italian military barracks.
    (AP, 4/1/11)(SFC, 4/1/11, p.A2) 
2011        Apr 1, In Iraq a suicide bomber disguised as a street cleaner walked up to soldiers outside a mosque and blew himself up, killing two of the troops and a worshipper in Fallujah, a city that was once an al-Qaida hotbed. Hundreds of anti-government protesters rallied in Baghdad's Tahrir Square and in Sulaimaniyah, one of the three provinces of autonomous Kurdish region in Iraq's north, demanding better government services, an end to corruption and more jobs.
    (AP, 4/1/11)
2011        Apr 1, Israel asked the United Nations to help prevent activists sailing to Gaza on the first anniversary of the bloody Israeli seizure of a Turkish ship that tried to reach the blockaded Palestinian enclave.
    (Reuters, 4/1/11)
2011        Apr 1, In Ivory Coast heavy fighting raged near the presidential palace and mansion and the state TV broadcaster in Abidjan as armed forces loyal to the elected leader tried to install him to power and oust the country's strongman.
    (AP, 4/1/11)
2011        Apr 1, Jordanian police moved in to separate hundreds of government supporters and pro-reform activists who were holding rival rallies outside the municipal offices in Amman.
    (AP, 4/1/11)
2011        Apr 1, A Libyan opposition leader said rebels will agree to a cease-fire if Moammar Gadhafi pulls his military forces out of cities and allows peaceful protests against his regime, as rebels showed signs that their front-line organization is improving. Gaddafi's forces stormed the western rebel outpost of Misrata with tanks and artillery. Sustained gunfire rang out near Gaddafi's heavily fortified compound in Tripoli and residents said they saw snipers on rooftops and pools of blood on the streets. A coalition air raid reportedly killed 13 people, four of them civilians, some 15 km east of the battleground town of Brega.
    (AP, 4/1/11)(Reuters, 4/1/11)(AFP, 4/2/11)
2011        Apr 1, A Libyan rebel official said a plan to sell rebel-held oil to buy weapons and other supplies has been reached with Qatar.
    (AP, 4/1/11)
2011        Apr 1, In Mexico gunmen opened fire on a burrito truck in the border city of Ciudad Juarez, killing the vendor, his 10-year-old son and 3 other people. A 17-year-old boy was among seven people killed in three shootings around Monterrey. In the western state of Michoacan, four bullet-ridden bodies were found in different towns.
    (AP, 4/1/11)(AFP, 4/2/11)
2011        Apr 1, Nigeria tightened security and shut its land borders ahead of the start of a landmark election period to choose a new legislature, president and state governors over three successive weekends.
    (AGFP, 4/1/11)
2011        Apr 1, In central Nigeria a fuel tanker overturned at an army checkpoint, sparking an inferno in which 17 vehicles were engulfed in flames. Some 50 people were killed.
    (AFP, 4/2/11)
2011        Apr 1, Norway announced an oil find some 120 miles north of its mainland in the Barents Sea. The Skrugard find was believed to contain some 500 million barrels of oil.
    (SFC, 5/2/11, p.D2)(http://tinyurl.com/44ljesw)
2011        Apr 1, In northwestern Pakistan Islamist militants attacked a terminal used by trucks carrying supplies for NATO troops in Afghanistan, killing three Pakistani guards at the site. A suicide bomber killed a boy (12) and wounded five other people after he was identified and shot at market in Darra Adam Khel, also in the northwest.
    (AP, 4/1/11)(AFP, 4/1/11)
2011        Apr 1, In the southern Philippines gunmen linked to a criminal gang kidnapped 16 people, most of them teachers, from an elementary school graduation ceremony in Prosperidad town. At least four small-scale miners were buried alive in a landslide in the mountainous Tampakan area.
    (AP, 4/2/11)(AFP, 4/2/11)
2011        Apr 1, Debt-stressed Portugal got some respite from its financial troubles when it managed to borrow euro1.645 billion ($2.3 billion) in a bond auction.
    (AP, 4/1/11)
2011        Apr 1, A Spanish court issued an international arrest warrant seeking the extradition of Jorge Sosa Orantes (53), a former Guatemalan soldier for his alleged part in the massacre in the village of Dos Erres in 1982 in which more than 100 people died. Sosa has been in custody in Canada since January on US charges of lying about his role in Guatemala's war when he applied for American citizenship in 2008.
    (AP, 4/4/11)
2011        Apr 1, In Switzerland 3 people were killed and one was injured on after seven ski hikers from Germany were swept away by a giant avalanche high in the southwestern Swiss Alps.
    (AFP, 4/1/11)
2011        Apr 1, Thousands of Syrians shouting "We want freedom!" marched in Daraa city, which has become the epicenter of an extraordinary protest movement as security forces deployed across the country. At least 10 people were killed as security forces cracked down on demonstrations in Douma.
    (AP, 4/1/11)(AP, 4/2/11)(SFC, 4/4/11, p.A3)
2011        Apr 1, In southern Thailand heavy rains finally eased, where flooding and mudslides over the past week killed 25 people.
    (AP, 4/1/11)
2011        Apr 1, The UAR-owned MV Arrilah-1 came under attack in the Arabian Sea off the coast of Oman while sailing from Australia to Dubai. Emirati special forces, with support from the US Navy's 5th Fleet, launched a mission to rescue the vessel while 21 crew members kept safe by locking themselves in a secure room during the hijacking. 10 pirates were captured and handed over to Abu Dhabi.
    (AFP, 4/2/11)(AP, 4/6/11)
2011        Apr 1, The United Nations' highest court threw out Georgia's complaint accusing Russia and separatist militias of years of ethnic cleansing in two breakaway Georgian provinces. The court said it had no jurisdiction in the case because Russia and Georgia had never attempted to negotiate a settlement to the dispute before Georgia brought it to the court.
    (AP, 4/1/11)
2011        Apr 1, In Yemen hundreds of thousands packed a square in the capital and marched in villages and cities across the nation in what appeared to be the largest demonstrations in more than a month of demands the country's longtime ruler step down.
    (AP, 4/1/11)
2011        Apr 1, African leaders delivered a thinly veiled rebuke to Zimbabwe Pres. Mugabe, after a security summit sharply demanded an end to political violence ahead of expected polls.
    (AFP, 4/1/11)

2011        Apr 2, In California the Half Moon Bay City Council voted to shut down its police department and turn its duties over to the San Mateo County Sheriff.
    (SSFC, 4/3/11, p.A12)
2011        Apr 2, In New Mexico four Gulfstream employees died in a crash of a test twin-engine business aircraft at the airport in Roswell. In 2012 the National Transportation Safety Board ruled that pressure to speed flight tests for the new $65 million G650 was to blame for the crash.
    (SSFC, 4/3/11, p.A9)(SFC, 10/12/12, p.A5)
2011        Apr 2, In Afghanistan at least 10 people were killed and 83 wounded in Kandahar city, on a 2nd day of violent protests over the burning of a Koran by a radical fundamentalist Christian in the US. A suicide attack also hit a NATO military base in the capital Kabul. The attacks were sparked by the actions of Christian preacher Terry Jones who supervised the burning of the Koran in front of about 50 people at a church in Florida on March 20.
    (Reuters, 4/2/11)
2011        Apr 2, Azerbaijan police arrested dozens of protesters who rallied for democratic reforms in the authoritarian republic. Human rights activist Vivadi Iskenderov was among those arrested in Baku. In August he was sentenced to three years in prison for interfering in parliamentary elections. He told the court that he is being persecuted for reporting vote rigging in Azerbaijan's 2010 parliamentary election.
    (AP, 4/2/11)(AP, 8/27/11)
2011        Apr 2, Brazil’s Veja magazine, in its online edition, reported that at least 20 people affiliated with al Qaeda as well as the Lebanese Shi'ite Muslim group Hezbollah, the Palestinian group Hamas and two other organizations have been hiding out in the South American country.
    (Reuters, 4/2/11)
2011        Apr 2, Chinese officials said over 500 of the country’s 1,176 dairies were being shut down in an attempt to clean up the scandal-plagued dairy industry.
    (SSFC, 4/3/11, p.A4)
2011        Apr 2, A Danish assault team backed by helicopters freed 16 Pakistanis and 2 Iranians held by suspected Somali pirates.
    (SFC, 4/12/11, p.A2)
2011        Apr 2, In Germany several thousand people took part in nation-wide demonstrations demanding an end to nuclear power.
    (SSFC, 4/3/11, p.A4)
2011        Apr 2, Indian police charged a former telecom minister with abuse of power and conspiracy in an alleged mobile spectrum fraud that cost the country billions of dollars in lost revenue. A. Raja was also accused of cheating, forgery and criminal misconduct on a charge sheet and annexed documents that ran to 80,000 pages and were carried to New Delhi court in seven steel trunks.
    (AFP, 4/2/11)
2011        Apr 2, In India separatist rebels in Assam state ambushed paramilitary soldiers on a patrol in the insurgency-wracked northeast and fatally shot three of them.
    (AP, 4/2/11)  
2011        Apr 2, In southern Iraq 2 US soldiers were killed in a rocket attack that struck their unit.
    (AP, 4/3/11)
2011        Apr 2, Israeli aircraft killed 3 Palestinian militants who were planning to abduct Israelis over the upcoming Jewish festival of Passover.
    (AP, 4/2/11)
2011        Apr 2, In Ivory Coast an offensive aiming to unseat strongman Laurent Gbagbo appeared to encounter resistance, as soldiers loyal to the entrenched ruler seized back the state television station and broadcast a call to arms.
    (AP, 4/2/11)
2011        Apr 2, In Japan highly radioactive water spilled into the ocean from the tsunami-damaged Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear complex as PM Naoto Kan surveyed the damage in a town gutted by the wave.
    (AP, 4/2/11)
2011        Apr 2, Libyan government forces killed six civilians in the city of Misrata in an unrelenting campaign aimed at driving rebels from the main city they hold in the west. Rebels claimed victory in the battle for Brega as heavy fighting ensued around the oil town. A British delegation arrived in Benghazi, nearly a month after a special forces team was seized in a bungled mission to contact the rebels. 13 rebels died in an air strike near Brega.
    (AP, 4/2/11)(AFP, 4/2/11)(AFP, 4/3/11)(AP, 4/7/11)
2011        Apr 2, Malawi officials closed two university campuses indefinitely because of violent protests over what students and professors call threats to academic freedom.
    (AP, 4/2/11)
2011        Apr 2, Malaysia's government said it would allow Malay-language Bibles to be printed locally, in a major concession to the country's minority Christian community to soothe anger over seized shipments of their holy books.
    (AP, 4/3/11)
2011        Apr 2, In Mexico Jose Manuel Garcia Soto, alias "El Safado," or "The Crazy One," was arrested in the northern state of San Luis Potosi for participating in the Feb. 15 killing of Jaime Zapata and wounding of Victor Avila. Both men were agents with US Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE).
    (AP, 4/5/11)
2011        Apr 2, In Mexico an explosion and fire hit a factory that distills raw alcohol, killing three people and injuring three others near Orizaba, Veracruz state.
    (AP, 4/2/11)
2011        Apr 2, In Nicaragua at least four police officers were injured in clashes as some 1000 demonstrators protested President Daniel Ortega's bid to win re-election.
    (AP, 4/3/11)
2011        Apr 2, Nigeria postponed parliamentary elections until April 4 after voting materials failed to arrive in many areas, a major blow to hopes of a break with a history of chaotic polls. Attackers stormed three villages In central Nigeria killing at least two people and setting a number of houses ablaze.
    (Reuters, 4/2/11)(AFP, 4/3/11) 
2011        Apr 2, In Northern Ireland Catholic officer Ronan Kerr (25) was killed by a bomb placed under his car outside his home in Omagh, the scene of Northern Ireland's worst ever terror atrocity. He had completed his training only three weeks ago. A 33-year-old man was later charged with terrorism-related offences related to the mruder. On May 10 police arrested a woman in connection with the car bomb.
    (AFP, 4/3/11)(AFP, 5/10/11)
2011        Apr 2, In Oman dozens of protesters staged a sit-in in Muscat to demand probes into alleged state abuses after clashes with security forces in Sohar left at least one person dead and sharply boosted tensions in the strategic Gulf nation.
    (AP, 4/2/11)
2011        Apr 2, Peruvian officials said a British couple has been arrested at Lima's international airport as they boarded a plane to London with over 11 kg of cocaine and 100 heroin capsules. Roxana Laercia (37) stashed the cocaine (24 pounds) between her clothes and Michael Eguonoghen (28) had swallowed the heroin capsules, the equivalent of 1.5 kg (3.3 pounds).
    (AFP, 4/3/11)
2011        Apr 2, South African judge Richard Goldstone said he had been wrong to say Israel had targeted civilians in his 2009 report on Israel’s 2008-2998 offensive in Gaza. He had faced down enormous criticism in Israel at the time over the report which accused both Israel and the Hamas rulers of Gaza of potential war crimes during the 22-day conflict. He said his assessment had also been changed by the fact that whereas Israel had thoroughly investigated the concerns raised by his panel, Hamas had not.
    (AFP, 4/3/11)
2011        Apr 2, In Spain tens of thousands of people demonstrated in the troubled Basque region, calling for the government to legalize a new pro-independence party that says it rejects violence by armed separatist group ETA.
    (AP, 4/2/11)
2011        Apr 2, Swedish wireless equipment maker LM Ericsson said it is suing Chinese rival ZTE Corp. for alleged infringement of several of its patents in handset and network technology.
    (AP, 4/2/11)
2011        Apr 2, Syrian security forces made dawn arrests as mourners prepared to bury the first of at least nine people killed in anti-government protests on the Muslim day of rest.
    (AFP, 4/2/11)
2011        Apr 2, In the UAR Iftikhar Ahmed Khan was shot five times in the head in Ajman, an emirate east of Dubai where he was operating a construction company. Khan, a former mayor of Haripur town in northwestern Pakistan, was held in the 2008 slaying of a provincial official in the region. He was granted bail and left for the UAE.
    (AP, 4/4/11)
2011        Apr 2, In Yemen thousands of anti-government protesters hurled stones at anti-riot police backed by tanks in the southern province of Aden.
    (AP, 4/2/11)

2011        Apr 3, In Afghanistan demonstrators battled police in Kandahar city, where an officer was shot dead. Demonstrators also took to the streets of Jalalabad for the first time as Western pleas failed to halt a third day of rage over a Florida pastor's burning of the Quran. A NATO service member was killed in an insurgent attack in the east.
    (AP, 4/3/11)(AP, 4/4/11)
2011        Apr 3, In Afghanistan Lance Cpl. Harry Lew shot himself following hazing by fellow Marines. 3 Marines were later accused of hazing Lew. In 2012 lance Cpl. Jacob Jacoby was sentenced to 30 days in jail and reduction in rank. Two others faced trial.
    (SFC, 2/2/12, p.A6)
2011        Apr 3, Bahraini authorities banned Al-Wasat, the country's main opposition newspaper, in a widening effort to muzzle anti-government media and crackdown on the Shiite opposition in this Sunni-ruled Gulf nation. The Information Ministry agreed to allow the newspaper to resume publishing on April 4 after its editor-in-chief and two other top editors stepped down.
    (AP, 4/3/11)
2011        Apr 3, Bangladeshi security officials opened fire and used tear gas to disperse stone-throwing members of a hardline Islamic group protesting a government policy for women's equal right to inheritance, leaving one protester dead and 25 others injured.
    (AP, 4/3/11)
2011        Apr 3, Chinese police in Beijing detained outspoken Chinese artist and social critic Ai Weiwei preventing him from taking a flight to Hong Kong. He helped design Beijing's famed "Bird's Nest" Olympic stadium but has since irritated the Communist Party government with his activism. On April 7 China confirmed that it has Weiwei, but insisted his case involves "economic crimes" and not human rights. 
    (AFP, 4/4/11)(SFC, 4/4/11, p.A2)(AP, 4/7/11)
2011        Apr 3, In Colombia Walid Makled, the reputed Venezuelan drug kingpin who Colombia has decided to extradite back home rather than to the US, said in a TV interview that he has videos proving Venezuela's ruling elite is deeply involved in cocaine trafficking.
    (AP, 4/4/11)
2011        Apr 3, In Egypt gunmen abducted Zeina Effat Sadat (12) the grandniece of the late leader Anwar Sadat, in the upscale Cairo suburb of Heliopolis. They released her nearly 24 hours later for 5 million pounds (about $840,000) in ransom on the desert road from Cairo to the Mediterranean city of Alexandria. Police on April 4 arrested six men for their alleged part in the kidnapping. A briefcase with 2 million pounds (about $340,000) was found on the men.
    (AP, 4/4/11)
2011        Apr 3, The French air accident investigation agency BEA said that a team aboard the expedition ship Alucia using underwater robots "has located pieces of an aircraft ... in the past 24 hours." Air France Flight 447 slammed into the ocean June 1, 2009, after running into an intense high-altitude thunderstorm.
    (AP, 4/4/11)
2011        Apr 3, In India 15 female fetuses were found in jars left on a rubbish dump near a private nursing home in Kishanganj town, Bihar state. Recent census data showed the ratio of girls to boys is at the nation's lowest level since 1947.
    (AFP, 4/4/11)
2011        Apr 3, Indonesian authorities arrested a Filipino woman, coming from Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, with more than two pounds (one kg) of heroin at the Adi Sumarmo Airport in Solo. She was allegedly paid $8,000 by an international drug syndicate to carry the heroin.
    (AP, 4/7/11)
2011        Apr 3, An Iranian news agency said four officers were killed in an attack on a police station near the Kurdish town of Marivan close to the Iraqi border.
    (AP, 4/3/11)
2011        Apr 3, Israel demanded that the United Nations bin a report critical of its deadly 2008-2009 offensive on Gaza after the author, South African judge Richard Goldstone, said he had been wrong to say it had targeted civilians.
    (AFP, 4/3/11)
2011        Apr 3, Workers at Japan's crippled Fukushima nuclear plant struggled to stop a radioactive water leak into the Pacific, as the government warned the facility may spread contamination for months. TEPCO workers used a polymer and even newspapers to try to close off pipes through which the water has flowed into a cracked concrete pit, from where it has run into the sea. An earlier attempt to seal the crack with cement failed to stop the leak.
    (AFP, 4/3/11)
2011        Apr 3, Kazakhstan held elections. A heavy turnout looked set to overwhelmingly reaffirm the domination President Nursultan Nazarbayev (70). Provisional figures the next day showed Nazarbayev with 95% of the vote. Opposition politicians had called for a boycott and described the election as a sham.
    (AP, 4/3/11)(SFC, 4/4/11, p.A2)
2011        Apr 3, In northern Iraq an American soldier died in a non-combat incident.
    (AP, 4/4/11)
2011        Apr 3, Libyan rebels put their best troops in to battle Muammar Gaddafi's forces for the eastern oil town of Brega while Western warplanes flew overhead and the sound of explosions ripped through the air. At least one person was killed and several wounded when forces loyal to Gaddafi shelled a building in the rebel-held city of Misrata. Libyan Deputy Foreign Minister Abdelati Obeidi was reported to have crossed from Libya into neighboring Tunisia and from there flown to Athens.
    (AP, 4/3/11)(Reuters, 4/3/11)
2011        Apr 3, In Mexico municipal police officers on a routine patrol in El Higo, Veracruz state ran into at least 20 gunmen on a dirt road and a firefight erupted. 6 officers, including one woman, died of gunshot wounds in the battle.
    (AP, 4/4/11)
2011        Apr 3, Dutch marines killed 2 pirates and captured 16 others during an operation to free a hijacked Iranian fishing boat of Somalia.
    (www.dailybulletin.com/ci_17767176)
2011        Apr 3, Nigeria’s electoral commission postponed the legislative vote to April 9.
    (SFC, 4/4/11, p.A2)
2011        Apr 3, Omani authorities said they have released 57 people arrested in crackdowns against pro-reform protesters.
    (AP, 4/3/11)
2011        Apr 3, In eastern Pakistan blasts at a Sufi shrine left at least 44 people dead and some 100 wounded. Police said the blasts in Dera Ghazi Khan were caused by 2 suicide bombers. An unrepentant boy (14) was captured after his explosives failed to detonate. The boy's arm was later amputated as a result of injuries he sustained after he was shot by a guard.
    (AFP, 4/3/11)(AP, 4/4/11)(AP, 4/8/11)
2011        Apr 3, In Somalia pro-government forces reportedly captured Dobley town near Kenya from al-Qaida-linked militants after hours of fighting.
    (AP, 4/3/11) 
2011        Apr 3, Syrian President Bashar Assad appointed Adel Safar (58), a former agriculture minister, to form a new government. This was part of a series of overtures toward reform as the country faced a wave of anti-government protests.
    (AP, 4/3/11)    
2011        Apr 3, In southern Yemen thousands of people took to the streets to demand that their president step down. Police attacked the demonstrators with tear gas, batons and bullets. Police killed one anti-government demonstrator in Taez and wounded scores more. 13 people were shot and wounded in Hudaydah, as police clashed with thousands of demonstrators marching on the Red Sea city's main local government building.
    (AP, 4/3/11)(AFP, 4/4/11)

2011        Apr 4, The US Supreme Court ruled 5-4 that special tax credits that pay for children to go to church schools cannot be challenged by dissenting taxpayers.
    (SFC, 4/5/11, p.A8)
2011        Apr 4, Two men who prosecutors tentatively identified as US citizens were shot to death in their vehicle as they waited at a Tijuana-area border crossing to enter the United States.
    (AP, 4/4/11)
2011        Apr 4, In NY investigators found 3 more sets of remains at a beach area 45 miles east of NYC bringing  the total number of bodies to 8, all victims of a suspected serial killer.
    (SFC, 4/5/11, p.A6)
2011        Apr 4, The names and e-mails of customers of Citigroup Inc and other large US companies, as well as College Board students, were exposed in a massive and growing data breach after a computer hacker penetrated online marketer Epsilon.
    (Reuters, 4/4/11)
2011        Apr 4, Texas Instruments Inc announced that it is buying National Semiconductor Corp for about $6.5 billion in cash, paying a nearly 80 percent premium in a deal to expand its stake in analog chips used in everything from tablets to cars.
    (Reuters, 4/4/11)
2011        Apr 4, In northern Afghanistan two American trainers were killed by a person with a police uniform in Maymana, the capital of Faryab province. A night raid by NATO-led forces in the northern province of Sar-e-Pul targeted a Taliban provincial shadow governor. Local officials said 6 civilians were killed.
    (AP, 4/4/11)(SFC, 4/6/11, p.A5)
2011        Apr 4, The Australian Institute of Criminology's "Fraud against the Commonwealth" report showed Australia is losing almost Aus$600 million a year to social security fraud and crooked public servants as the government announced new measures to tackle the menace.
    (AFP, 4/4/11)
2011        Apr 4, In Algeria auxiliary police, specialist doctors and university students pushed on with strikes and demonstrations to press demands including for improved pay and conditions.
    (AFP, 4/4/11)
2011        Apr 4, In Bangladesh police clashed with demonstrators and arrested dozens in as a hard-line group enforced a paralyzing general strike protesting a new policy giving women equal inheritance rights.
    (AP, 4/4/11)
2011        Apr 4, BP said that it has agreed to sell its ARCO Aluminum unit to a Japanese consortium for $680 million ($421 million) as it seeks to meet the costs of last year's disastrous Gulf of Mexico oil spill.
    (AFP, 4/4/11)
2011        Apr 4, In CongoDRC a UN plane crashed while attempting to land at the airport serving Kinshasa, killing 32 UN officials and peacekeepers. One survivor was confirmed.
    (http://civiliancontractors.wordpress.com/)(SFC, 4/5/11, p.A2)
2011        Apr 4, A Cyprus court found a jailed murderer, his brother and another man guilty of unlawfully exhuming the body of Tassos Papadopoulos, the island's former president (2003-2008). Papadopoulos’s body was snatched from a Nicosia cemetery in 2009 and was reburied three months later after police arrested the suspects and found the body.
    (AP, 4/4/11)
2011        Apr 4, Egypt's foreign minister said Cairo is ready to re-establish diplomatic ties with Tehran after a break of more than 30 years signaling a shift in Iran policy since the fall of President Hosni Mubarak.
    (Reuters, 4/4/11)
2011        Apr 4, Iraq handed over the remains of 17 Iranian soldiers killed in the grinding war between the two countries throughout the 1980s. The two governments signed an agreement in October 2008 to find tens of thousands of fighters still missing after the war.
    (AP, 4/4/11)
2011        Apr 4, In Iraq gunmen killed six people sleeping in their home in Youssifiyah, an area south of Baghdad that remains an al-Qaida stronghold. An Iraqi army patrol hit a roadside bomb near the northeast Iraqi city of Kirkuk, killing one soldier and wounding two others. An American soldier died in a noncombat incident in central Iraq.
    (AP, 4/5/11)
2011        Apr 4, An Israeli court indicted Dirar Abu Sisi, a Palestinian engineer captured on Feb 19 in Ukraine, on charges he was a senior Hamas operative who developed sophisticated rockets for the Islamic militant group.
    (AP, 4/4/11)
2011        Apr 4, Israel asked Facebook to pull down a page with 350,000 “fans" calling for “the third Palestinian uprising." Facebook at first refused, but took the page down a day later.
    (SSFC, 4/10/11, p.F9)
2011        Apr 4, Italy recognized opponents of Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi as the country's only legitimate voice, becoming the third country to do so, after France and Qatar.
    (AP, 4/4/11)
2011        Apr 4, In Ivory Coast UN and French forces opened fire with attack helicopters on the home of incumbent Pres. Laurent Gbagbo and 3 strategic military garrisons as foot soldiers backing Alassane Ouattara pierced the limits of Abidjan. Two Frenchmen, a Malaysian and a citizen of Benin were seized from the downtown Hotel Novotel by pro-Gbagbo troops.
    (SFC, 4/5/11, p.A4)(AP, 4/16/11)
2011        Apr 4, In Jamaica PM Bruce Golding's party reinforced its narrow parliamentary majority by winning a by-election called after a governing party lawmaker acknowledged he held US citizenship in violation of constitutional rules. The win re-established a 32-28 parliamentary majority for Labor.
    (AP, 4/5/11)
2011        Apr 4, Japanese engineers were forced to release radioactive water into the sea while resorting to desperate measures to try to find the source of leaks at a crippled Fukushima nuclear power complex hit by a tsunami on March 11. Tokyo Electric Power said it had found radioactive iodine-131 at 7.5 million times the legal limit in seawater near the facility. Biologists admitted that the contamination could eventually find its way into the ocean food chain.
    (Reuters, 4/4/11)(SFC, 4/6/11, p.A3)(SFC, 4/6/11, p.A1)
2011        Apr 4, The 7-member Kyrgyz Inquiry Commission (KIC) found that some military people were at least complicit in ethnic clashes that rocked southern Kyrgyzstan last June leaving some 470 people dead.
    (Econ, 5/14/11, p.54)(http://tinyurl.com/3nrhdt6)
2011        Apr 4, Libyan rebels insisted that the whole Kadhafi family must leave before there can be any truce with regime forces amid reports that his sons are offering to oversee a transition. Evacuees said Gaddafi forces using tanks and snipers were carrying out a "massacre" in Misrata with corpses on the streets and hospitals full of the wounded. Rebels advanced on the war-battered oil town of Brega and a Gadhafi envoy pressed other European countries for help in ending the crisis.
    (AFP, 4/4/11)(Reuters, 4/4/11)(AP, 4/4/11)
2011        Apr 4, In Malaysia detainees set fire to an immigration center and about 100 of them escaped as the blaze partially gutted the facility in central Negri Sembilan state.
    (AP, 4/5/11)
2011        Apr 4, Mexico announced a plan to reward people who report suspected money laundering, under a program that will allow them to get up to one-quarter of any illicit funds or property seized. In Acapulco a fierce gunbattle left a soldier and two gunmen killed and six people were wounded. Shortly later the severed heads of two men were found on Acapulco's main boulevard, near the beach resort area of Las Brisas.
    (AP, 4/5/11)(AP, 4/4/11)
2011        Apr 4, Myanmar reported that nearly 700 fishermen were missing after a three-day burst of unseasonable storms that ripped apart rickety fishing boats in the Andaman Sea. The March 14-17 storms had whipped up 70 mph (112 kph) winds.
    (AP, 4/4/11)
2011        Apr 4, A NATO official said the US military will pull its warplanes from front-line missions today and shift to a support role in the Libyan conflict.
    (AP, 4/4/11)
2011        Apr 4, In Pakistan a suicide bomber struck again, killing seven people at a bus station in the northwestern region of Lower Dir. The bullet-riddled body of Sardar Amanuddin, a Pakistani tribal elder was found near Wana, South Waziristan, six weeks after he was abducted.
    (AP, 4/4/11)
2011        Apr 4, In the northern West Bank Juliano Mer-Khamis, a well-known actor and theatre director born of Jewish and Arab parents, died when a gunman opened fire on his car in the Jenin refugee camp as he was driving home with his infant son and the babysitter.
    (AFP, 4/5/11)(Econ, 4/16/11, p.92)
2011        Apr 4, In the southern Philippines armed tribesmen freed a boy after getting food and water but kept at least 12 other hostages in jungle captivity to demand the release of jailed relatives and friends.
    (AP, 4/4/11)  
2011        Apr 4, In Vietnam Cu Huy Ha Vu (53), the dissident son of a Vietnamese revolutionary leader, was convicted of anti-state propaganda activities, including advocating an end to one-party communist rule. His lawyers the next day challenged his seven-year jail sentence, saying the judges violated the law during his short trial.
    (AFP, 4/5/11)
2011        Apr 4, Yemeni police and armed men in civilian clothes opened fire on demonstrators in the cities of Taiz and Hudaida killing at least 17 and wounding more than 30, as the drive to oust veteran President Saleh gathered pace. At least 97 demonstrators have been killed since protests began on Feb 11.
    (AFP, 4/4/11)(AP, 4/4/11)(SFC, 4/4/11, p.A2)
2011        Apr 4, Zimbabwe Energy Minister Elton Mangoma, charged with abuse of office, was freed after the high court rejected a bid by prosecutors to block his release.
    (AFP, 4/5/11)

2011        Apr 5, A US astronaut and 2 Russian cosmonauts blasted off for the Int’l. Space Station from Russia’s cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.
    (SFC, 4/5/11, p.A2)
2011        Apr 5, In Tennessee crews recovered the bodies of two workers from the rubble of a wastewater-treatment plant wall that collapsed earlier in the day. Officials continued to investigate what caused the breach that released sewage into a rain-swollen river at Great Smoky Mountains National Park.
    (AP, 4/5/11)
2011        Apr 5, Baruch S. Blumberg (b.1925), 1976 Nobel Prize winner in medicine or physiology, died. He had discovered a virus that caused hepatitis and a vaccine to pre-vent it.
    (Econ, 4/30/11, p.92)
2011        Apr 5, In eastern Afghanistan NATO forces killed seven insurgents who tried to storm their way onto a base in Jalalabad.
    (AP, 4/6/11)
2011        Apr 5, The UN weather agency said a protective ozone layer in the Arctic that keeps out the sun's most damaging rays, ultraviolet radiation, has thinned about 40 percent this winter, a record drop.
    (AP, 4/5/11)
2011        Apr 5, Bahraini authorities deported two Iraqi journalists working for the opposition's main newspaper. The government had accused Al Wasat newspaper of unethical coverage of the Shiite uprising against the Sunni rulers. At least 27 people have been killed, since the protests began in Bahrain in mid-February.
    (AP, 4/5/11)
2011        Apr 5, Two British tabloid journalists were arrested on suspicion of illegally intercepting voice-mail messages left on cell phones. Media reports identified Neville Thurlbeck and Ian Edmondson of news of the World in the ongoing phone-hacking scandal.
    (SFC, 4/6/11, p.A3)
2011        Apr 5, China’s central bank raised interest rates again.
    (Econ, 4/9/11, p.84)
2011        Apr 5, Ecuador said it is expelling US Ambassador Heather Hodges over a diplomatic cable divulged by WikiLeaks that accused Jaime Hurtado Vaca, a newly retired police chief, of a long history of corruption and speculates that President Rafael Correa was aware of it.
    (AP, 4/5/11)
2011        Apr 5, Ethiopia’s PM Meles Zenawi told lawmakers Ethiopia is ready to help the people of Eritrea topple the regime of Issaias Afeworki, ruling out a military invasion.
    (AFP, 4/5/11)
2011        Apr 5, Iraq's environment ministry says the war-plagued country has an estimated 25 percent of the world's unexploded land mines, making it one of the most contaminated. Most of the land mines were left behind from the 1980-88 Iran-Iraq war, when Saddam Hussein's regime planted them in the desert near the border. There are no existing maps to show where they are located.
    (AP, 4/5/11)
2011        Apr 5, Italy and Tunisia signed a deal to choke off the flood of Tunisians heading to Italian shores. Italy agreed to take two flights a day of repatriated migrants.
    (SFC, 4/6/11, p.A2)(Econ, 4/16/11, p.58)
2011        Apr 5, In Ivory Coast strongman Laurent Gbagbo, surrounded by troops backing Alassane Ouattara, huddled in a bunker at his home with his family and tried to negotiate terms of surrender. Ouattara, the democratically elected leader, has urged forces loyal to him to take Gbagbo alive.
    (AP, 4/5/11)
2011        Apr 5, Tokyo Electric Power Co (TEPCO), the operator of the crippled Fukushima nuclear power plant, said it had reduced the flow of highly radioactive water out of a reactor. The government set its first radiation safety standards for fish after the nuclear plant reported radioactive contamination in nearby seawater measuring at several million times the legal limit.
    (Reuters, 4/5/11)(AP, 4/5/11)
2011        Apr 5, In Lebanon several hundred inmates demanding improved conditions at the country’s largest prison took three guards hostage and set fire inside one of the buildings. Police stormed the country's largest prison to halt a dayslong riot by the inmates. Two prisoners died during the operation.
    (AP, 4/5/11)(AP, 4/6/11)
2011        Apr 5, Libya's government said it is ready to negotiate reforms but only as long as Moamer Kadhafi is not forced out. Government forces unleashed a bombardment of the rebels outside the key oil town of Brega pushing them back, even as the regime said Gadhafi might consider some reforms but would not step down. The ICC's prosecutor said the International Criminal Court has evidence Gaddafi's government planned to put down protests by killing civilians before the uprising in Libya broke out. A group of journalists came under attack by Gaddafi forces near Brega. South African photographer Anton Hammerl was wounded in the attack. Hammerl was initially reported to have been captured by militia, together with Americans Clare Morgana Gillis and James Foley, but it was later believed that he died from his wounds.
    (AFP, 4/5/11)(AP, 4/5/11)(Reuters, 4/5/11)(AP, 5/19/11)
2011        Apr 5, The Pacific nation of Niue has printed unusual commemorative stamps for Britain's royal wedding: an image of Prince William and Kate Middleton with perforations that split the couple down the middle.
    (AP, 4/5/11)
2011        Apr 5, Palestinian authorities said Mohammed Shalha (21) was killed by Israeli fire along Gaza's volatile border. Relatives of Shalha said he was collecting gravel along the border. The Israeli military said the man was armed, and that soldiers opened fire after spotting him.
    (AP, 4/5/11)
2011        Apr 5, The Philippines' largest Muslim rebel group acknowledged that its ranks include child soldiers and said its leaders would meet with United Nations representatives for talks on how to wean the youths from war.
    (AP, 4/5/11)
2011        Apr 5, In Poland the restored synagogue at Zamosc, Renaissance gem looted by the Nazis, was presented to the public in a ceremony attended by Jewish leaders, US and Israeli diplomats and city officials. It will serve occasionally as a house of worship for Jewish tourists who visit death camps in the area.
    (AP, 4/3/11)
2011        Apr 5, In Sudan an unidentified plane flew in from the Red Sea and fired a missile at a car travelling from the airport to Port Sudan, killing both passengers and destroying the vehicle. The next day Foreign Minister Ali Ahmad Karti accused Israel of carrying out the air strike.
    (AFP, 4/6/11)
2011        Apr 5, In South Sudan 13 people died in tribal violence. The governor of Western Equatoria, Joseph Bangasi Bakosoro, later said gunmen attacked his village while authorities from the two states were meeting to find ways of ending hostilities between the communities.
    (AP, 4/7/11)
2011        Apr 5, The southern Syrian town of Daraa, the center of pro-democracy protests, was hit by a general strike and braced for fresh rallies after midday prayers.
    (AFP, 4/5/11)
2011        Apr 5, In Yemen tribesmen loyal to Pres. Saleh clashed with a group of soldiers whose commander has sided with the opposition. Fighting in a suburb of Sanaa left 3 tribesmen dead. In Taiz dozens of protesters were treated from breathing problems after police fired tear gas as thousands of demonstrators took to the streets for a 3rd consecutive day. Security forces shot dead two protesters in the western city of Hudaydah during demonstrations.
    (AP, 4/5/11)(AFP, 4/5/11)

2011        Apr 6, In Alabama a parking lot shooting in Opelika left one woman dead. The estranged wife of Thomas Franklin May (34) and another woman were wounded. It was all related to a domestic problem and was preplanned. The next day May was arrested after he walked up to journalists and said he was the man authorities were after.
    (AP, 4/7/11)
2011        Apr 6, Virgin America Flight VX2001 became the first to land at San Francisco’s newly remodeled Terminal 2. The 1954 structure had just undergone a $383 million upgrade.
    (SFC, 4/7/11, p.A1)
2011        Apr 6, Dish Network Corp., based in Englewood, Colo., said that it won the auction for Blockbuster Inc. with a bid valued at $228 million in cash. The Dallas movie-rental chain had filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in September. Dish's bid was for $320 million, but the value decreased to $228 million after adjusting for available cash and inventory.
    (AP, 4/6/11)
2011        Apr 6, The Australian military was hit by another scandal after a young army recruit allegedly filmed himself having sex with a female cadet and broadcast it via Skype to his friends.
    (AFP, 4/6/11)
2011        Apr 6, In Egypt authorities arrested Mohammed Ibrahim Suleiman, the former housing minister (1993-2006), on suspicion he was involved in the illegal sale of state lands for cut-rate prices. Suleiman's successor, Ahmed Maghrabi, was also being investigated.
    (AP, 4/6/11)
2011        Apr 6, France’s top court refused to allow citizenship for 10-year-old twin girls born to a surrogate mother in California, affirming France’s legal ban on surrogacy.
    (SFC, 4/7/11, p.A2)
2011        Apr 6, The German government said it is providing an extra euro14 million ($19.9 million) in funding for child immunization in the developing world as part of an agreement with the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.
    (AP, 4/6/11)
2011        Apr 6, Israeli aircraft attacked two targets in the Gaza Strip, wounding four people, among them a pregnant woman. A group of prominent Israelis, many of them former defense chiefs, launched a new peace plan calling for the establishment of a Palestinian state with Jerusalem as its capital.
    (AFP, 4/6/11)
2011        Apr 6, Ivory Coast forces loyal to presidential claimant Alassane Ouattara launched a heavy attack on the bunker where Laurent Gbagbo was defying efforts to force him to cede power.
    (AP, 4/6/11)
2011        Apr 6, In Japan workers halted a leak of highly radioactive water into the ocean that had raised concerns about the safety of seafood. Officials did not rule out the chance of contaminated water still leaking into the sea from other points. Engineers prepared to inject nitrogen into containment vessels around the cores to deter any hydrogen explosions.
    (AP, 4/6/11)
2011        Apr 6, Libyan deputy foreign minister Khaled Kaim said in Tripoli that Moamer Kadhafi's regime will talk with the rebels about reforms provided they lay down their arms. France pledged to open a sea corridor to the besieged city of Misrata. Rebels regained ground in a new advance on an oil port but accused NATO of inaction hindering their quest to oust Gaddafi.
    (AFP, 4/6/11)(Reuters, 4/6/11)
2011        Apr 6, Between 130 and 250 people were missing and at least 20 appeared to be dead after a boat carrying refugees from Libya capsized south of Sicily. 53 survivors were plucked from the sea and 150 remained missing.
    (Reuters, 4/6/11)(AFP, 4/7/11)
2011        Apr 6, Mexico’s Public Safety Secretary Genaro Garcia Luna said drug cartels are increasingly recruiting common criminals and quickly converting them into killers.
    (AP, 4/6/11)
2011        Apr 6, The United Nations said 62 people have been killed and thousands forced from their homes since the start of the year by flooding in northern Namibia. More rains in northern Namibia were forecast for the coming days.
    (AP, 4/6/11)
2011        Apr 6, In Nigeria 3 motorcycle-mounted gunmen, members of Boko Haram, killed two passers-by in Maiduguri. One of the suspects was shot dead after a police chase. A senior immigration official said Nigeria has deported 87 Niger nationals over fears they could be involved in election rigging during this month's rescheduled polls.
    (AP, 4/6/11)(AFP, 4/6/11)
2011        Apr 6, In southwestern Pakistan gunmen torched two NATO oil tankers in southwestern Baluchistan province as they traveled to Afghanistan. 4 boys were killed by an abandoned explosive device that went off in northwest Pakistan.
    (AP, 4/6/11)
2011        Apr 6, Human Rights Watch criticized Palestinian security forces in the West Bank and Gaza Strip for what it said was an increase in attacks on local journalists, including arbitrary detentions and abuse.
    (AP, 4/6/11)
2011        Apr 6, In the Philippines armed tribesmen under pressure from government troops abandoned 13 hostages they held six days to demand the release of jailed relatives, then escaped in the southern jungle.
    (AP, 4/6/11)
2011        Apr 6, Portugal applied to the EU for help after paying prohibitively high interest rates to raise badly needed fresh funds to cover mounting debt as the market bet it will have to seek a bailout sooner rather than later.
    (AFP, 4/6/11)(Econ, 4/9/11, p.81)
2011        Apr 6, Syria closed the country's only casino and reversed a decision that bans teachers from wearing the Islamic veil, moves seen an attempt to reach out to conservative Muslims ahead of calls for pro-democracy demonstrations.
    (AP, 4/6/11)
2011        Apr 6, Turkey launched a probe into allegations that the state agency which makes the university entrance exams had devised a code so that students deemed to be pro-government could score high points. Some 1.7 million students took the exam March 27, and those who pass will take another exam in June.
    (AP, 4/6/11)
2011        Apr 6, In Yemen tens of thousands of protesters, defying a deadly government crackdown, poured into the streets of Taiz in ongoing protests against longtime president Ali Abdullah Saleh. At least 24 people were killed over the last 24 hours.
    (AP, 4/6/11)(AFP, 4/6/11)
2011        Apr 6, Mike Campbell 978), white Zimbabwe farmer, died. In 2007 he Pres. Mugabe before the tribunal of the Southern African Development Community to protect his property and won his suit. In June, 2008, he was left brain damaged after thugs broke into his house and severely beat him. 
    (Econ, 4/23/11, p.91)

2011        Apr 7, US House Republicans pushed a plan that would hold off for another week the threat of a government shutdown while Congress and the Obama administration struggle to reach a budget deal. Democrats pressing for a longer-term solution rejected the short-term approach as a political maneuver meant to blame them if the government closes its doors on April 9.
    (AP, 4/7/11)
2011        Apr 7, In California an Asian citrus psyllid, which can carry a disease killing trees, was discovered in Ventura County. The county was put under quarantine for the tiny aphid-like pest.
    (SFC, 4/11/11, p.A4)
2011        Apr 7, Six Afghan security personnel were killed as Taliban gunmen detonated a bomb hidden in an ambulance at a police centre near the key southern city of Kandahar. 3 insurgents were also killed. Demonstrations against the burning of a copy of the Koran by an American pastor entered a seventh day when several hundred people gathered for a peaceful protest outside a Kabul mosque. A roadside bomb killed a coalition service member in the south.
    (AP, 4/7/11)(AP, 4/8/11)
2011        Apr 7, In Brazil a gunman opened fire in an elementary school in Rio de Janeiro. 12 children were killed including 10 girls and 2 boys between the ages of 12 and 15. Wellington Oliveira (23) shot and killed himself after being confronted by police.
    (AP, 4/7/11)(AP, 4/8/11)
2011        Apr 7, In India Anna Hazare, a 73-year-old Gandhi devotee who has promised to fast until death unless the government toughens its anti-corruption laws, piled pressure on the graft-tainted administration. Hazare began his hunger strike in New Delhi on April 5. On April 9 the government conceded to Hazare’s demands and his hunger strike ended.
    (AFP, 4/7/11)(Econ, 4/16/11, p.45)
2011        Apr 7, Israeli tanks quickly retaliated after an anti-tank missile fired from the Gaza Strip struck a school bus in southern Israel, wounding two people, including one child. The critically injured boy (16) died of his wounds on April 17. The missile attack came hours after Israel carried out a series of airstrikes against tunnels it says are used by militants to smuggle weapons under the Egyptian border and carry out attacks. The tank fire killed a 50-year-old man and wounded 7 other people.
    (AP, 4/7/11)(SFC, 4/18/11, p.A2)
2011        Apr 7, Forces allied with Ivory Coast's internationally recognized president Alassane Ouattara have stormed the gates of Laurent Gbagbo's home. French forces wearing night vision goggles rappelled from a helicopter to rescue the Japanese ambassador and 7 others, as strongman leader Laurent Gbagbo remained in an underground bunker amid the fighting.
    (AP, 4/7/11)
2011        Apr 7, Japan was rattled by a strong 7.1 magnitude aftershock and tsunami warning nearly a month after a devastating earthquake and tsunami flattened the northeastern coast. At least 4 people died in the aftershock, the worst since  the March 11 9.0 quake.
    (AP, 4/7/11)(AFP, 4/8/11)
2011        Apr 7, In Jordan Mohammed Abdul-Karim (45) set himself on fire outside the prime minister’s office and was in critical condition with 3rd degree burns to his face and body. On April 20 a  forensics official said Abdul-Karim has died of his wounds.
    (SFC, 4/8/11, p.A2)(AP, 4/20/11)
2011        Apr 7, Kosovo’s parliament elected Atifete Jahjaga (35) as its first woman president.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atifete_Jahjaga)
2011        Apr 7, A NATO air strike killed at least five rebels near the Libyan port of Brega. Insurgents reported that Muammar Gaddafi's forces killed five more in a bombardment of besieged Misrata. NATO blamed forces loyal to Gaddafi for a fire in the Sarir oilfield, and denied the Western military alliance had launched air strikes in the area.
    (Reuters, 4/7/11)
2011        Apr 7, Mexican security forces reported that a series of eight burial pits have been found in Tamaulipas state, one of which contained 43 bodies and the others 16 corpses. The find was made near the ranch where drug cartel gunmen less than a year ago massacred 72 migrants who were trying to reach the United States. 14 suspects linked to the killing were under arrest.
    (AP, 4/7/11)(SFC, 4/8/11, p.A6)
2011        Apr 7, Pakistani troops came under fire in the Pazai area of the Mohmand agency. Troops killed 10 militants and called for air support that left over 44 more dead.
    (SFC, 4/9/11, p.A2)
2011        Apr 7, In Peru 2 protesters were fatally shot and a dozen others injured in a clash between police and peasants opposing a planned copper mine on the southern coast.
    (SFC, 4/8/11, p.A2)
2011        Apr 7, Amnesty International urged Serbian authorities to "take urgent and immediate action" to halt forced evictions of Roma, also known as Gypsies, from their settlements in the capital Belgrade and prevent "systematic discrimination" against them.
    (AP, 4/7/11)
2011        Apr 7, In South Korea a mathematics student (19) at a prestigious engineering college jumped to his death from a high-rise apartment one day after meeting the school psychiatrist. He was distressed over low grades. Three other students have killed themselves since January at the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology.
    (AP, 4/15/11)
2011        Apr 7, Spain said around 30 former Cuban political prisoners and 200 relatives will be brought to Madrid, the largest group yet to arrive since the two countries agreed to the transfers.
    (AP, 4/7/11)
2011        Apr 7, Northern Sudanese Armed Forces have deployed two Mi-24 helicopter gunships and at least nine T-55 tanks about 60 miles (100 km) from Abyei's border according to the US-based Satellite Sentinel Project.
    (AP, 4/7/11)
2011        Apr 7, Syria’s Pres. Bashar Assad granted citizenship to thousands of Kurds living in a northeastern province. Kurds, the largest ethnic minority in Syria, made up 15 percent of the country's 23 million population and have long complained of neglect and discrimination. Assad also sacked Governor Mohammad Iyad Ghaza of central Homs province, the scene of clashes between anti-government protesters and security forces in the past three weeks.
    (AP, 4/7/11)
2011        Apr 7, Thailand authorities seized 1,800 Bengal monitor lizards being smuggled on pickup trucks to the capital. Their meat could sell for $7.50-$15 per pound ($16-$33 per kg) in China, making them worth more than $60,000.
    (AP, 4/8/11)
2011        Apr 7, UAR blogger and a human rights activist Ahmed Mansour said authorities have launched an "unprecedented campaign of outrages insults and threats" against him since he signed a petition calling for political reform.
    (AP, 4/7/11)
2011        Apr 7, A blackout hit a large swath of Venezuela, darkening street lights, shutting down the Caracas subway and prompting the government to announce temporary rationing measures. A forest fire apparently caused the problem by overheating major transmission lines in western Venezuela and knocking them offline.
    (AP, 4/7/11)
2011        Apr 7, The Yemeni opposition welcomed an offer by Arab Gulf states to mediate between the president and opposition protesters who have demanded Ail Abdullah Saleh step down after 32 years in power.
    (AP, 4/7/11)
2011        Apr 7, A Zimbabwe court ordered militant supporters of President Mugabe to stop exhuming hundreds of skeletons they say were the victims of colonial-era massacres, a project that critics say is stoking racial hatred in Zimbabwe.
    (AP, 4/8/11)

2011        Apr 8, US Republicans and Democrats agreed in late night talks to cut over $37 billion in federal spending narrowly avoiding a midnight shutdown that all sides say would inconvenience millions of people and damage a fragile economy. A final agreement was expected next week.
    (AP, 4/8/11)(SFC, 4/9/11, p.A1)
2011        Apr 8, In Hawaii a storage bunker exploded killing 5 workers as they dismantled pyrotechnics at Donaldson Enterprises in Honolulu.
    (SFC, 4/11/11, p.A4)(SFC, 4/15/11, p.A8)
2011        Apr 8, In Texas Luis Posada Carriles (83), a Cuban native and former CIA agent, was acquitted of allegations that he lied during US immigration hearings. He had worked for decades to destabilize communist governments throughout Latin America and was often supported by Washington.
    (AP, 4/9/11)
2011        Apr 8, The Oakland, Ca., Naval Hospital, formerly called Oak Knoll Naval Hospital, imploded as some 800 pounds of dynamite blasted the 11-story building into a pile of rubble.
    (SFC, 4/9/11, p.C2)
2011        Apr 8, In Oakland, Ca., Jesus Campos, owner of the popular Otaez Mexicatessen restaurant at 3872 Int’l. Blvd., was shot and killed as he arrived to work.
    (SFC, 4/9/11, p.A1)
2011        Apr 8, According to a study about one in 10 cancers in men and one in 33 in women in western European countries are caused by current and past alcohol consumption.
    (AP, 4/8/11)
2011        Apr 8, In northern Afghanistan insurgents gunned down Daud Esiq Zai, police chief of the Ghosfandi district in Sari Pul province, where the Taliban has intensified attacks, especially against those aligned with the government.
    (AP, 4/8/11)
2011        Apr 8, Australian Treasurer Wayne Swan officially rejected a proposed merger of the Australian and Singapore stock exchanges, branding it a takeover by the city-state that offered no benefits.
    (AFP, 4/8/11)
2011        Apr 8, British Lt. Cmdr. Ian Molyneux, a submarine weapons engineer, was shot dead while the submarine was docked in the southern English port of Southampton. Able Seaman Ryan Donovan (22) was later charged with murder and the attempted murder of 3 other crew on HMS Astute, one of Britain's fleet of 11 nuclear-powered submarines.
    (AP, 4/10/11)
2011        Apr 8, Cambodia’s government said PM Hun Sen has cancelled a controversial titanium mine project in the country's southwest because of environmental concerns.
    (AFP, 4/8/11)
2011        Apr 8, China’s government and state media said 3 babies have died and 36 people, mostly children, fallen ill after drinking possibly tainted milk in the country's latest food scare.
    (AFP, 4/8/11)
2011        Apr 8, A total of 37 Cuban ex-political prisoners and more than 200 relatives arrived in Madrid in the largest and last such exodus since Spain started accepting dissidents last summer.
    (AP, 4/8/11)
2011        Apr 8, Voters in Djibouti, which hosts the only US military base in Africa, cast ballots for president in an election boycotted by most opposition parties.
    (AP, 4/8/11)
2011        Apr 8, In Egypt tens of thousands waved flags and shouted slogans in Cairo's central Tahrir Square, demanding that Hosni Mubarak and his family be put on trial over allegations of corruption in one of the biggest protests since Mubarak was ousted two months ago.
    (AP, 4/8/11)
2011        Apr 8, Europe's top financial officials said that debt-ridden Portugal will need around euro80 billion ($114 billion) in rescue loans and that negotiations over a full, multiyear bailout program will begin immediately.
    (AP, 4/8/11)
2011        Apr 8, France and Italy announced an agreement to joint sea-and-air patrols to try to block new Tunisian migrants from sailing to European shores.
    (AP, 4/8/11)
2011        Apr 8, German federal prosecutors announced the espionage charges against the 64-year-old, identified only as L. in line with German privacy laws. Prosecutors allege that L. passed information on Munich's Uighur community to Chinese intelligence between April 2008 and October 2009. They said a week ago that they were pressing similar charges against a Chinese national of Uighur origin.
    (AP, 4/8/11)
2011        Apr 8, In northern Germany a sandstorm caused a highway pileup that left at least 8 people dead and 41 others injured.
    (SFC, 4/9/11, p.A2)
2011        Apr 8, In the Indian portion of Kashmir a blast outside a mosque killed Moulvi Showkat Ahmed Shah, the president of the religious group Jamiat-e-ahle Hadith. Police within weeks blamed the murder on factional rivalry, arrested three people and accused a top Lashkar-e-Taiba commander of helping the killers with explosives. In August Lashkar-e-Taiba released a report saying the group initially thought Indian forces and institutions had killed Moulvi Showkat Ahmed Shah to weaken rebel groups in Kashmir. It said members of an almost-defunct militant group, Tehreek-ul-Mujahideen, were involved in the killing.
    (AP, 4/8/11)(AP, 8/26/11)
2011        Apr 8, Iran's semiofficial Mehr News Agency said three explosions have hit gas pipelines near the Qom, in the same area where simultaneous blasts took place two months ago.
    (AP, 4/8/11)
2011        Apr 8, Iraqi forces stormed an Iranian exile camp that Iraq's Shiite-dominated government has tried to close for years. Both sides reported casualties in the raid. A hospital official in Baqouba said 10 people were killed and 16 wounded in the clashes. A UN spokesman later said the Iraqi army raid on Camp Ashraf left 34 Iranian exiles dead.
    (AP, 4/8/11)(AP, 4/14/11)
2011        Apr 8, Israeli aircraft and ground forces struck Gaza, killing 9 Palestinians including 5 militia fighters, in a surge of fighting sparked by a Palestinian rocket attack on an Israeli school bus the day before.
    (AP, 4/8/11)(SFC, 4/9/11, p.A3)
2011        Apr 8, Ivory Coast's democratically elected leader imposed a blockade around the presidential residence where the country's entrenched strongman remains holed up underground and said he'll focus on normalizing life in the corpse-strewn city of Abidjan.
    (AP, 4/8/11)
2011        Apr 8, Libyan government forces tried to storm into the besieged city of Misrata as NATO generals acknowledged their air power was not enough to help insurgents remove Muammar Gaddafi by force alone. UNICEF said snipers are targeting children in Misrata. Loyalist forces shelled the edge of Ajdabiya forcing insurgents there to retreat. NATO expressed regret at the deaths caused by an alliance air strike on rebel tanks.
    (Reuters, 4/8/11)(AP, 4/8/11)(AFP, 4/8/11)
2011        Apr 8, Netherlands’ officials said the government will cut 12,000 military jobs as part of spending cuts to balance the budget by 2015.
    (SFC, 4/9/11, p.A2)
2011        Apr 8, In Nigeria a bomb targeting election officials exploded in Suleja killing at least 8 people. Thugs attacked a police post storing voting materials killing at least 12 people.
    (SFC, 4/9/11, p.A2)(Econ, 4/16/11, p.52)
2011        Apr 8, In Pakistan security forces killed 30 alleged Islamist militants in the Pazai area of Mohmand.
    (SFC, 4/9/11, p.A2) 
2011        Apr 8, A Philippine court ordered the widow of dictator Ferdinand Marcos to return 12 million pesos ($280,000) her husband pocketed from the government's food agency in 1983.
    (AP, 4/11/11)
2011        Apr 8, In Russia a cyber attack paralyzed the website of a popular independent newspaper, days after similar attacks knocked off Russia's most popular blogging site.
    (AP, 4/8/11)
2011        Apr 8, Syrian security forces fired tear gas and live ammunition as thousands of protesters gathered in Daraa. 25 people were killed in Daraa. State-run TV said 19 policemen and security forces were killed. 37 protesters were killed nationwide.
    (AP, 4/8/11)(SFC, 4/9/11, p.A3)(AP, 4/13/11)
2011        Apr 8, In Thailand rich and poor nations agreed on a roadmap for UN climate talks this year, but only after long-running feuds flared over a wide range of actions they must take to combat global warming. The talks in Bangkok will be followed by other rounds in Germany, before the annual summit in Durban, South Africa.
    (AFP, 4/8/11)
2011        Apr 8, In Yemen hundreds of thousands converged in the capital for rival demonstrations, with some demanding the president's ouster and others showing their support. Four demonstrators were shot dead in Taez.
    (AP, 4/8/11)(AP, 4/10/11)

2011        Apr 9, American film director Sidney Lumet (86) died of Lymphoma. His films included “12 Angry Men" (1957), “Serpico" (1973), and “Before the Devil Knows You’re Dead" (2007).
    (SFC, 4/15/11, p.E2)
2011        Apr 9, In Las Vegas Elena Caro (42) died after a botched buttocks enhancement surgery in the back room of a tile business. Two Colombia nationals, Ruben Dario Matallana-Galvas (55) and Carmen Olfidia Torres-Sanchez (47), were soon arrested as they tried to board a plane to return home.
    (SFC, 4/11/11, p.A4)
2011        Apr 9, In Bahrain 2 supporters of the anti-government movement died in police custody. Human rights blogger Zakariya al-Asheri died under police custody. He was detained in March after authorities imposed martial law to quell Shiite-led protests against Sunni rulers. On Jan 11, 2012, two police officers were charged with beating the blogger with a water hose. Three others were charged with hiding the beatings from prison authorities.
    (SSFC, 4/10/11, p.A4)(AP, 1/11/12)(http://tinyurl.com/7pr4qbw)
2011        Apr 9, Egypt’s military stormed Tahrir Square to disperse some 2000 protesters. At least one demonstrator was shot dead and 71 others injured.
    (SSFC, 4/10/11, p.A7)
2011        Apr 9, Honduras' defense minister said that the country's armed forces will join the police for the first time in the fight against drug trafficking.
    (AP, 4/9/11)
2011        Apr 9, Icelanders voted in a referendum on whether the nation will repay Britain and the Netherlands in full for compensating their citizens who had deposits in Icesave, a failed online bank. Voters rejected the government-backed deal, sending the dispute to an int’l. court.
    (SFC, 4/9/11, p.A2)(SFC, 4/11/11, p.A2)
2011        Apr 9, In northern Iraq an American soldier died in a non-hostile incident.
    (AP, 4/10/11)
2011        Apr 9, In Libya rebels captured 15 Algerian mercenaries and killed another three during fierce fighting in Ajdabiya. At least 12 rebels were killed in and around Ajdabiya.
    (AP, 4/10/11)
2011        Apr 9, In the Netherlands Tristan van der Vlis (24), opened fire at the Ridderhof mall in Alphen aan den Rijn with an automatic rifle killing 6 people and wounded least 17 others. He fired more than 100 rounds in a few minutes and ended the rampage by shooting himself fatally in the head.
    (AP, 4/10/11)(AP, 4/11/11)
2011        Apr 9, Nigeria held parliamentary elections. The ruling party lost key parliament seats in the first of three crucial elections this month.
    (AFP, 4/10/11)
2011        Apr 9, In Northern Ireland a 500-pound van bomb was diffused near the border town of Newry.
    (SSFC, 4/10/11, p.A4)
2011        Apr 9, Syrian security forces fired on a funeral for protesters in Daraa. Some 37 people were killed around the country with most of the deaths in Daraa as the death toll in 3 weeks of protests climbed to over 170.
    (SSFC, 4/10/11, p.A7) 
2011        Apr 9, In the UAR activist, Fahad Salem al-Shehhy was detained in Ajman, a federation emirate north of Dubai.
    (AP, 4/10/11)
2011        Apr 9, In Yemen security forces shot and wounded 30 people in Sanaa, while 80 others suffered injuries from beatings with batons. At least one anti-regime protester died following clashes, while three other people were killed, including an intelligence officer and a soldier, in violence in Abyan province. An intelligence officer was killed in a drive-by shooting outside his home in the Loder area of Abyan. A soldier and a militant were killed in a clash between security forces and suspected Al-Qaeda fighters in Jaar, also in Abyan.
    (AFP, 4/10/11)

2011        Apr 10, In western Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed three tribal elders, possibly in retaliation for their cooperation with the government. A NATO service member was killed in an attack in the north of the country. Kareem Daad, a district-level Taliban commander, was captured in an overnight raid in southern Uruzgan province.
    (AP, 4/10/11)
2011        Apr 10, Chinese state media reported that Intentional poisoning was behind the tainted milk that killed three children and caused 36 others to become ill in northwestern Gansu province last week. Police suspected that a couple poisoned milk from a local farmer, causing three deaths, because of anger over business disputes. Police soon found that nitrite was added to milk from Ma Wenxuan's farm near the city of Pingliang in Gansu province.
    (Reuters, 4/10/11)(AP, 4/12/11)
2011        Apr 10, In Egypt more than 1,000 protesters ignored an army order to leave Cairo's main square, extending into a third day their calls for a quick move to civilian rule and a deeper purge of corrupt officials.
    (AP, 4/10/11)
2011        Apr 10, Police in central France arrested a man and a woman allegedly linked to the Basque separatist group ETA following a pair of weekend shooting incidents against officers that injured at least one.
    (AP, 4/10/11)
2011        Apr 10, In the Ivory Coast UN and French helicopters fired rockets on strongman Laurent Gbagbo's residence in an assault the UN said was to retaliate for attacks by his forces on UN headquarters and civilians.
    (Reuters, 4/10/11)
2011        Apr 10, In Libya NATO airstrikes battered Moammar Gadhafi's tanks, helping rebels push back government troops advancing quickly toward the opposition's eastern stronghold. After destroying 14 tanks around Misrata early in the day, warplanes struck more tanks and anti-aircraft guns in the late afternoon. The African Union said Muammar Gaddafi has accepted a roadmap for ending the conflict in Libya including an immediate ceasefire, but an opposition representative said it would only work if Gaddafi left power.
    (AP, 4/10/11)(AP, 4/10/11)
2011        Apr 10, In Pakistan 7 suspected militants were killed in a clash with security forces in the Sardam area of the Swat Valley. In the Mohmand tribal region a paramilitary fighter was killed and two other wounded in a clash with militants during a search operation in Mitti area.
    (AP, 4/10/11)
2011        Apr 10, A Palestinian official said Israel and militant groups in Gaza have agreed to a truce, as cross-border violence abated.
    (Reuters, 4/10/11)
2011        Apr 10, Peru held presidential elections. Leftist Ollanta Humala won the first round of the presidential election but he did not win a majority according to exit polls and will now likely face rightist lawmaker Keiko Fujimori in a run-off.
    (Reuters, 4/10/11)
2011        Apr 10, Sudan said that remnants of a missile used in a mysterious attack that killed two people on April 5 proved that Israel carried out the strike.
    (Reuters, 4/10/11)
2011        Apr 10, Syrian security forces and pro-government gunmen killed four protesters in the port city of Banias after the army sealed off the city as hundreds of protesters gathered. State TV reported that nine soldiers were killed in an ambush near the city.
    (AP, 4/10/11)
2011        Apr 10, In the UAR Nasser bin Ghaith, a financial analyst and an economics professor at the Abu Dhabi branch of Paris' Sorbonne university was detained in Dubai.
    (AP, 4/10/11)
2011        Apr 10, The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), a regional bloc of oil-rich Arab nations, called on Yemen's president to step down as part of a deal with the protest movement demanding for his ouster after 32 years.
    (AP, 4/10/11)(AFP, 4/10/11)

2011        Apr 11, US federal prosecutors said 10 people, including two former basketball players and a former assistant coach at the University of San Diego, have been indicted in connection with a scheme to fix games since 2008.
    (Reuters, 4/11/11)
2011        Apr 11, In San Francisco the annual Goldman Environmental prize was awarded 6 people from around the world. The winners included Hilton Kelly for his efforts to cut pollution in Port Arthur, Texas; Francisco Pineda for resisting mining in El Salvador; Ursula Sladek of Germany for creating for reducing her community’s reliance on nuclear power; Prigi Arisandi for her efforts to protect Indonesia’s Surabaya River; Dmitry Lisitsyn for his efforts to protect the Russia’s Sakhalin island; and Raoul du Toit for defending wildlife in Zimbabwe.
    (SFC, 4/11/11, p.A12)
2011        Apr 11, Reno photographer Joseph Naso (77) was arrested in South Lake Tahoe in connection with the killings of four women in Northern California between 1997 and 1994.
    (SFC, 4/13/11, p.C2)
2011        Apr 11, New York police found human remains at two more locations at Jones Beach State Park on Long Island, bringing to 10 the number of potential victims of a possible serial killer.
    (SFC, 4/11/11, p.A4)
2011        Apr 11, Afghanistan's Pres. Karzai strongly rebuked his international backers, saying Western financial advisers may be tried for contributing to the country's banking crisis and he would now dictate the terms of any future US presence. Ghulam Dastageer, a district council member in Helmand province, was killed by insurgents while he was praying in a mosque.
    (AP, 4/11/11)(AP, 4/12/11)
2011        Apr 11, Australia fined Japan Airlines (JAL) Aus$5.5 million (US$5.8 million) after the carrier admitted its role in a long-running cargo cartel case involving 15 airlines. The Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (ACCC) said JAL admitted to "making and giving effect to illegal price-fixing understandings with other international airlines" on fuel, insurance and security surcharges.
    (AFP, 4/11/11)
2011        Apr 11, In Belarus a subway bombing in Minsk left 11 dead and more than 200 wounded. 4 others died soon after. Authorities soon detained several people in what they are calling a terrorist attack. Suspects Dmitry Konovalov (25) and Vladislav Kovalyov (25) went on trial in September. On Nov 30 both men were convicted of terrorism and sentenced to death.
    (AP, 4/12/11)(AP, 4/25/11)(AP, 9/15/11)(AP, 11/30/11)
2011        Apr 11, Britain’s Independent Commission on Banking, led by Sir John Vickers, published its initial report.
    (Econ, 4/16/11, p.62)
2011        Apr 11, In Egypt A few hundred protesters defied an army demand to quit Cairo's Tahrir Square, vowing to stay until the ruling military council heeds their demand for civilian rule and a deeper purge of corrupt officials. A military court jailed blogger Maikel Nabil Sanad (26) to three years in prison for criticizing the armed forces. Safwat al-Sherif, head of Egypt's former ruling party and a longtime stalwart of the regime of ousted Pres. Mubarak, was detained on charges of corruption.
    (Reuters, 4/11/11)(AFP, 4/11/11)(AFP, 4/12/11)(SFC, 4/12/11, p.A2)
2011        Apr 11, The European Union agreed to impose sanctions on 32 Iranian officials for human rights abuses.
    (AP, 4/12/11)
2011        Apr 11, In France a law went into effect banning women from wearing full-face veils in public places. Several women appeared veiled in front of Paris' Notre Dame Cathedral and two were detained for taking part in an unauthorized protest. The $214 burqa fine also included mandatory lessons on being French.
    (SFC, 4/9/11, p.A2)(AP, 4/11/11)
2011        Apr 11, Indonesian lawmaker Arifinto (50), a member of the staunchly Islamic Prosperous Justice Party who helped pass a tough anti-pornography law, resigned after he got caught watching sexually explicit videos on his computer during a parliamentary debate.
    (AP, 4/11/11)
2011        Apr 11, In Ivory Coast forces backing rival presidential claimant Alassane Ouattara arrested  incumbent leader Laurent Gbagbo.
    (AP, 4/11/11)
2011        Apr 11, Iran’s Central Bank Gov. Mahmoud Bahmani said Iran plans to slash 4 zeros from its national currency in "one to two years", seeking parity between its rial and the US dollar.
    (AFP, 4/11/11)
2011        Apr 11, In central Iraqi bombings in two cities killed at least 10 people, with twin blasts near a school and market in a former insurgent stronghold leaving six dead.
    (AP, 4/11/11)
2011        Apr 11, Iraq’s government voted to shut down a camp of Iranian dissidents and move them out of the country by year’s end, but not back to Iran.
    (SFC, 4/12/11, p.A2)
2011        Apr 11, Israel’s PM Benjamin Netanyahu asked a government panel to put off final approval of 2,500 new apartments in east Jerusalem.
    (AP, 4/11/11)
2011        Apr 11, Italian Premier Silvio Berlusconi made a rare appearance in open court but left after about 2 1/2 hours, saying the hearing at his tax fraud trial was a waste of time and accusing prosecutors of having no case against him.
    (AP, 4/11/11)
2011        Apr 11, In Japan a strong 7.0 earthquake rattled the northeast as the government urged more people living near a tsunami-crippled nuclear plant to leave, citing concerns about long-term health risks from radiation.
    (AP, 4/11/11)
2011        Apr 11, Jordan released four jailed members of a radical Islamist group that had threatened to stage a mass demonstration over their detentions.
    (AP, 4/12/11)
2011        Apr 11, In Lebanon a police intelligence officer and a main suspect in the kidnapping of Estonian cyclists were killed in a shootout in the border village of Majdal Anjar.
    (AP, 4/20/11)
2011        Apr 11, In Libya a delegation of African heads of state met rebel leaders in their stronghold of Benghazi to try to sell a peace plan already accepted by Muammar Gaddafi's regime. Forces loyal to Gaddafi shelled the besieged town of Misrata.
    (AFP, 4/11/11)(Reuters, 4/11/11)
2011        Apr 11, Mexico’s defense ministry announced that at least 16 more dead bodies have been found over the past two days in various parts of Tamaulipas state. The number of bodies found in the country over the past week soon grew to 127. 4 armed men rushed into a newsroom in Villahermosa, then gagged and beat up reporters and photographers and stole computers, cameras and money.
    (AFP, 4/11/11)(AP, 4/11/11)(AP, 4/13/11)
2011        Apr 11, Mexican police in Tijuana arrested a man suspected of killing a US Border Patrol agent Robert Rosas near San Diego on July 23, 2009, nearly one year after another person was sentenced to prison for his role in the ambush. Marcos Manuel Rodriguez Perez (26) was taken into custody as he was driving through Tijuana.
    (AP, 4/12/11)
2011        Apr 11, A group of 39 Pakistani prisoners held in India returned home, the second high-profile prisoner release in days that underscores an easing of tensions between the two rivals.
    (AFP, 4/11/11)
2011        Apr 11, In Puerto Rico Hilton Cordero Rosario, the police commissioner of San Juan, was charged with sexually assaulting a minor and producing child pornography in a case that emerged after his teenage daughter accused him of molesting her. In December he was indicted on 22 charges of child pornography.
    (AP, 4/11/11)(SFC, 12/8/11, p.A9)
2011        Apr 11, A spokesman for the Swaziland Solidarity Network, said in a statement that four people were arrested as they returned from South Africa to their homeland after a weekend planning meeting.
    (AP, 4/11/11)
2011        Apr 11, Syrian troops encircled the flashpoint coastal town of Banias, where weekend shootings left 13 dead and scores wounded. An activist in Damascus said security forces have beat up and arrested several at the university's science faculty. Hundreds of students had been shouting for freedoms and unity among Syrians. Activists said security forces killed a student during the protest at Damascus University.
    (AFP, 4/11/11)(AP, 4/11/11)(AP, 4/12/11)
2011        Apr 11, Tajikistan state religious affairs committee head Abdurakhim Kholikov said that sending text messages with the "triple talaq," a Muslim ritual whereby a husband can end a marriage by reciting the term for divorce three times, breaches Islamic law.
    (AP, 4/11/11)
2011        Apr 11, Turkey said it is willing to consider the idea of hosting a political office for Taliban militants from Afghanistan in order to promote talks to end the war there, and an Afghan official said Turkish planning is already in progress.
    (AP, 4/11/11)
2011        Apr 11, In Uganda Kizza Besigye, the top opposition politician was arrested, along with several members of parliament, during a march to protest high fuel and food prices. The police called it an illegal demonstration.
    (AP, 4/14/11)
2011        Apr 11, Venezuela deported two suspected Colombian rebels, sending a positive message to other nations that want President Hugo Chavez to ensure suspected terrorists do not find haven in Venezuela.
    (AP, 4/11/11)
2011        Apr 11, Yemen's Pres. Saleh welcomed a proposal by GCC Gulf Arab nations for him to step down to end the country's political crisis, but indicated he would do so only when his term ends in 2013. Protesters had already rejected this, calling for his immediate exit.
    (AP, 4/11/11)

2011        Apr 12, Arkansas police Officer Jonathan Schmidt was shot and killed during a traffic stop. On July 28 Jerry Lard (38) was sentenced to death for the murder of Schmidt.
    (www.odmp.org/officer/20822-patrolman-jonathan-richard-schmidt)(SSFC, 7/29/12, p.A12)
2011        Apr 12, California Gov. Jerry Brown signed legislation requiring the state’s utilities to get 33% of its electricity from renewable sources by the end of 2020.
    (SFC, 4/13/11, p.D1)
2011        Apr 12, In New York Lashanda Armstrong drove 3 of her 4 children into the Hudson River in Newburgh following a domestic dispute. Her 10-year-old son survived by crawling out her car window.
    (SFC, 4/13/11, p.A10)(SFC, 4/15/11, p.A8)
2011        Apr 12, Ohio executed a two-time murderer using pentobarbital as a stand-alone execution drug. Clarence Carter (49) was the 2nd inmate in the country executed with the surgical sedative.
    (SFC, 4/13/11, p.A5)
2011        Apr 12, In eastern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed five road construction workers who were in a car driving near the Pakistani border. A roadside bomb killed two Afghan police officers as they were destroying opium poppies in Kandahar province. 3 children died from an insurgent grenade tossed during a NATO operation in northern Faryab province.
    (AP, 4/12/11)
2011        Apr 12, In Bahrain Zainab al-Khawaja (27), the daughter of Abdulhadi al-Khawaja (50), a prominent human rights activist, went on hunger strike to protest the arrest of several family members, including her father and her husband, over anti-government demonstrations. At least 29 people have been killed since the protests began on Feb. 14. Detainee Karim Fakhrawy of "Al Wasat" died under police custody.
    (AP, 4/12/11)(http://tinyurl.com/7pr4qbw)
2011        Apr 12, In Bangladesh a ban went into effect forbidding teachers from bringing their phones into class. A ban on student cell phones in class rooms was already in effect.
    (AP, 4/12/11)
2011        Apr 12, In southwestern China clashes erupted between security forces and locals at the Kirti Tibetan Buddhist monastery in Sichuan province, under lockdown after a monk set himself on fire and died on March 17.
    (AFP, 4/13/11)
2011        Apr 12, Egypt’s former Pres. Mubarek was hospitalized after suffering an alleged heart attack. State media indicated the hospital visit may have been a ploy to escape legal problems.
    (SFC, 4/13/11, p.A3)
2011        Apr 12, In Iraq bombings in a town west of Baghdad killed five people, including three family members of Ahmed Jassim, a former pro-government Sunni fighter.
    (AP, 4/12/11)
2011        Apr 12, In Israel followers of the Bahai faith unveiled their newly renovated holy site on the Israeli coast, drawing attention to one of the Holy Land's lesser-known religions.
    (AP, 4/12/11)
2011        Apr 12, Ivory Coast's internationally recognized president, Alassane Ouattara, called for peace after his rival was arrested with the help of French forces. He faced a huge task reuniting a country shattered by civil war. Gbagbo's interior minister, Desire Tagro, died after being badly beaten by fighters who captured him a day earlier along with Gbagbo.
    (Reuters, 4/12/11)(AP, 4/16/11)
2011        Apr 12, Japan raised the crisis level at its crippled nuclear plant to a severity on par with the 1986 Chernobyl disaster, citing high overall radiation leaks that have contaminated the air, tap water, vegetables and seawater. Japanese nuclear regulators said they raised the rating from 5 to 7, the highest level on an international scale of nuclear accidents.
    (AP, 4/12/11)
2011        Apr 12, In Japan a powerful 6.0 earthquake struck near the crippled Fukushima nuclear plant, shaking buildings in Tokyo. No tsunami warning was issued and no damage immediately reported.
    (AFP, 4/12/11)
2011        Apr 12, In Libya Moammar Gadhafi's forces shelled the only major city in the western half that remained under partial rebel control. France said NATO should be doing more to take out heavy weaponry targeting civilians. NATO knocked out 16 Qaddafi tanks.
    (AP, 4/12/11)(Econ, 4/16/11, p.53)
2011        Apr 12, Four Palestinians suffocated while trying to repair a Gaza smuggling tunnel hit in an Israeli airstrike last week. Human rights groups say about 160 workers have been killed in the tunnels over the past three years.
    (AP, 4/13/11)
2011        Apr 12, Swaziland police fired water cannons and tear gas, beat people with batons and arrested activists to prevent pro-democracy protests in sub-Saharan Africa's last absolute monarchy.
    (AP, 4/12/11)
2011        Apr 12, Syrian pro-government gunmen launched an attack on two villages, Bayda and Beit Jnad, in the northeast.
    (AP, 4/12/11)
2011        Apr 12, Uruguay's senate annulled an amnesty for crimes against humanity committed during the 1973-85 dictatorship, overturning the view of voters who upheld the law in two referendums. The measure passed 16-15 after a 12-hour debate and went to the lower house for minor changes.
    (AP, 4/13/11)
2011        Apr 12, In Yemen tens of thousands demonstrated in major cities across the country rejecting a mediation proposal by neighboring Gulf countries because it does not provide for trying the president. Four policemen died as the security forces traded fire with automatic weapons and rocket-propelled grenades.
    (AP, 4/12/11)(AP, 4/13/11)

2011        Apr 13, The US federal government ordered 16 of the nation's largest mortgage lenders and servicers to reimburse homeowners who were improperly foreclosed upon.
    (AP, 4/13/11)
2011        Apr 13, The US Justice Dept. and FBI said they have seized computers and filed a civil complaint in a bid to disable a malicious botnet system called Coreflood, which has operated for nearly a decade stealing personal passwords and private financial information. The civil complaint was against 13 John Doe defendants related to the Coreflood botnet.
    (SFC, 4/14/11, p.D6)
2011        Apr 13, The US navy said it successfully tested a high energy laser from a ship last week. The laser beam could set on fire boat engines, such as those used by Somali pirates.
    (SFC, 4/14/11, p.A2)
2011        Apr 13, A jury in San Francisco, Ca., convicted former baseball star Barry Bonds of obstruction of justice regarding his use of performance-enhancing drugs. On Sep 13, 2013, a federal appeals court upheld the felony conviction.
    (SFC, 4/14/11, p.A1)(SFC, 9/14/13, p.C1)
2011        Apr 13, In San Francisco BART General Manager Dorothy Duggar resigned after accepting a severance deal worth nearly $1 million.
    (SFC, 4/14/11, p.A1)
2011        Apr 13, California state’s insurance commissioner said Sutter Health, one of the state’s largest health care givers, fraudulently charged insurers up to hundreds of millions over the past decade for anesthesia services that in some cases were not even provided.
    (SFC, 4/14/11, p.C1)
2011        Apr 13, Officials in Washington, DC said they planned to set up 20-30 online gambling hot spots by September in an effort to generate revenue.
    (SFC, 4/14/11, p.A5)
2011        Apr 13, South Dakota inmates Eric Robert (48) and Rodney Berget (48) were charged with first degree felony murder. They had attacked prison guard Ronald Johnson (63), wrapped his head in plastic shrink wrap and left him to die as they used his uniform in an unsuccessful escape attempt.
    (SFC, 4/14/11, p.A5)
2011        Apr 13, In Tennessee nursing student Holly Bobo (20) was last seen as she prepared to leave for college classes.
    (SFC, 4/15/11, p.A8)
2011        Apr 13, Edin Dzeko (39) of Washington state was arrested for extraction to Bosnia for his alleged participation in the massacre of Croatian civilians in the village of Trusina as a member of a Bosnian army unit in April, 1993. 16 civilians and at least 4 disarmed soldiers were killed in the village. On Nov 15 Dzeko agreed to be extradited to Bosnia.
    (SFC, 4/14/11, p.A5)(SFC, 11/16/11, p.A6)
2011        Apr 13, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber killed 10 people in an attack on peace talks between tribal elders in eastern Kunar province. Former mujahideen commander Mohammad Zarin died along with nine others. Abu Hafs al-Najdi, described as an "Al-Qaeda senior leader," was killed in an air strike in Kunar province. NATO made the announcement on April 26. The Saudi man was also known as Abdul Ghani.
    (Reuters, 4/13/11)(AFP, 4/26/11)
2011        Apr 13, Bahrain's Shiite opposition party said that another one of its supporters, the fourth to date, has died in police custody. Haji Karim Fakhrawi died in "mysterious circumstances," while his relatives pointed to a body covered in bruises saying he had died of torture. The official news agency cited the medical examiner from the army hospital saying Fakhrawi died of kidney failure.
    (AP, 4/13/11)
2011        Apr 13, Belarus President Lukashenko announced three suspects had confessed to the April 11 Minsk metro bombing that killed 12 as he threatened a new wave of repression against the opposition. Two more suspects were detained by the next day.
    (AFP, 4/13/11)(Reuters, 4/14/11)
2011        Apr 13, Colombia's interior minister approved the extradition to Venezuela of Walid Makled, a reputed drug kingpin who has publicly accused his home country's ruling elite of deep involvement in cocaine trafficking. It will take at least five days to extradite Makled, in order to give him a chance to appeal the decision.
    (AP, 4/13/11)
2011        Apr 13, In Colombia a river swollen with heavy rains swept a passenger bus off a highway in the mountainous northwest, killing at least 16 people and leaving 4 others missing.
    (AP, 4/14/11)
2011        Apr 13, Egypt's ousted President Hosni Mubarak was put under detention in his hospital room for investigation on accusations of corruption, abuse of power and killings of protesters. His sons Alaa and Gamal were taken to Tora Prison outside Cairo.
    (AP, 4/13/11)(SFC, 4/14/11, p.A3)
2011        Apr 13, Iran’s first vice-president was quoted as saying in the governmental newspaper that Iran has stopped refueling "western passenger planes" since Europe-bound Iranian commercial planes were refused fuelling there.
    (AFP, 4/13/11)
2011        Apr 13, In Ivory Coast forces loyal to recognized president Alassane Ouattara went house to house searching for former soldiers, whom they shot and killed. The UN human rights office in Geneva said 536 people had been killed in the country's west in recent weeks.
    (AP, 4/16/11)
2011        Apr 13, Japan's government downgraded its assessment of the economy for the first time in six months to reflect last month's devastating earthquake and tsunami. Wholesale prices rose at the fastest pace in more than two years in an ominous sign for company profit margins.
    (Reuters, 4/13/11)
2011        Apr 13, Libyan rebels along the eastern front line pleaded again for more NATO airstrikes and expressed hope that political developments will allow them to advance on Moammar Gadhafi's territory. Top Western and Arab envoys gathered in Qatar's capital to discuss ways to end the Libyan crisis. Members of the Transitional National Council addressed the contact group as an alternative voice for Libya's people.
    (AP, 4/13/11)(AFP, 4/13/11)
2011        Apr 13, Mexico’s Attorney General said security forces arrested 16 municipal police officers accused of protecting drug gang hitmen who massacred dozens of people near the US border.
    (Reuters, 4/13/11)
2011        Apr 13, In Nepal lightning strikes over the last 24 hours killed 6 people in 3 separate districts.
    (SFC, 4/14/11, p.A2)
2011        Apr 13, In Pakistan 2 US missile strikes killed six alleged Afghan Taliban fighters in the South Waziristan tribal region, just days after Pakistani authorities asked for greater limits on such attacks.
    (AP, 4/13/11)
2011        Apr 13, In South Africa Andries Tatane, a demonstrator in a central town protesting lack of basic services, was beaten to death by police. Eight police officers soon faced murder and other charges after state television showed images of the beating.
    (AP, 4/28/11)
2011        Apr 13, Swaziland police fired tear gas and water cannons for a second day on at teachers poised to march in the commercial capital.
    (AP, 4/13/11)
2011        Apr 13, In Syria thousands of women and children holding white flags and olive branches blocked a main coastal highway, demanding authorities release detainees picked up during a crackdown on opponents of President Assad's authoritarian regime. Authorities released about 100 of the detainees and brought them to the area where the protesters had gathered. Protesters turned out at Damascus University in the capital and in Aleppo University in the country's north.
    (AP, 4/13/11)
2011        Apr 13, The presidents of Turkey and Pakistan, meeting in Ankara, said they would support initiatives designed to end the war in Afghanistan, but they declined to confirm that a plan is under way to open a political office for Taliban in Turkey to promote peace talks.
    (AP, 4/13/11)
2011        Apr 13, The UN said that more than 800 people have been killed and 94,000 displaced because of violence in Southern Sudan this year. A top official warned of a humanitarian crisis if the violence continues. A militia aligned with the northern government reportedly attacked el-Feid and the nearby village of Um Barmbita in the Nuba Mountains of southern Kordofan state. Attackers burned between 300 to 500 houses and reportedly killed more than 20 people, including women and children.
    (AP, 4/13/11)(AP, 4/20/11)
2011        Apr 13, Venezuela’s police seized 66 pounds (30 kg) of cocaine aboard a bus carrying members of the government-organized militias. Five suspects, including the bus driver and his assistant, were arrested.
    (AP, 4/15/11)
2011        Apr 13, Yemeni security forces clashed with thousands of protesters who hurled rocks and burned tires in the southern port city of Aden. Soldiers shot dead two anti-regime protesters and wounded nine others in different sectors of the port city of Aden. Police attacked an army checkpoint in Amran province," 170 km (105 miles) north of Sanaa, killing one officer and wounding two soldiers.
    (AP, 4/13/11)(AFP, 4/13/11)
2011        Apr 13, In Zimbabwe a government minister and a Roman Catholic priest were arrested and detained by police for holding a memorial service for victims of massacres in western Zimbabwe after independence in 1980.
    (AP, 4/15/11)

2011        Apr 14, The US House and Senate voted on legislation to cut almost $40 billion from the budget for the current year, but President Barack Obama and his GOP rivals are both eager to move on to multiyear fiscal plans that cut trillions instead of billions. HR 1473, which will keep the US government open through Sept. 30 while trimming $38 billion from the federal budget, cleared the House with bipartisan support, 260-167. The bill then passed the Senate 81-19.
    (AP, 4/14/11)(http://tinyurl.com/6y9frk4)
2011        Apr 14, San Francisco supervisors heard that the city’s overtime bill for this fiscal year was on pace to hit nearly $40 million, $12 million more than last year.
    (SFC, 4/15/11, p.C4)
2011        Apr 14, Storms began late in the day in Oklahoma, where at least 5 tornadoes touched down and two people were killed. The system then pushed into Arkansas, killing 7 more.
    (AP, 4/16/11)
2011        Apr 14, In Afghanistan 3 policemen were killed when 3 Taliban suicide bombers struck a police training centre in Paktia province. A second suicide attacker was gunned down before blowing up himself. The third attacker escaped. Two other suicide attacks in Kabul and Kandahar city left 7 people wounded.
    (AFP, 4/14/11)
2011        Apr 14, Argentina's last dictator, Reynaldo Bignone (85), was sentenced to life in prison for crimes against humanity stemming from human rights abuses under the country's 1976-83 military regime.
    (AFP, 4/15/11)
2011        Apr 14, Bahrain's justice minister said Wefaq, the opposition's main Shiite party, will be dismantled within a month for "threatening peace."
    (AP, 4/17/11)
2011        Apr 14, Britain's Guardian newspaper published a statement by the co-authors of a scathing UN report on Israel's conduct during its 2008-2009 offensive in Gaza. They said they stand by their work, hitting back at critics who've pushed to have its findings withdrawn after the report's lead author, Richard Goldstone, aired doubts about one of its central conclusions.
    (AP, 4/14/11)
2011        Apr 14, In China 10 people were killed over the last 24 hours at a bathhouse and car wash in Anshan city in Liaoning province. Police soon arrested suspect Zhou Yuxin (33), the owner of both businesses. The dead included Yuxin’s wife, father and son.
    (AP, 4/15/11)
2011        Apr 14, Denmark's foreign minister said she will urge US states such as Texas and Ohio to stop using a drug produced by a Danish company in lethal injections. Lene Espersen said she cannot take direct action against the company that produces pentobarbital because the drug is not exported from Denmark. It is produced by a plant in Kansas that is owned by Denmark's Lundbeck A/S. Britain announced it was banning the export of three such drugs to the United States.
    (AP, 4/14/11)
2011        Apr 14, A top French security official said two French citizens have been arrested in Pakistan, where authorities have linked them to a top suspected al-Qaida militant over the 2002 nightclub bombing in Bali.
    (AP, 4/14/11)
2011        Apr 14, In Iraq roadside bombs killed three people, including 2 policemen, at a market in Mahmoudiya.
    (AP, 4/14/11)
2011        Apr 14, In Ivory Coast teams of Red Cross workers shoveled charred corpses into bags in Abidjan, while UN peacekeepers gathered weapons hidden in basements, throwing them into dump trucks for disposal. Residents of Yopougon, a suburb of Abidjan, said the pro-Ouattara forces were shooting into the air to frighten people into fleeing, and then pillaging their homes and shops.
    (AP, 4/14/11)(AP, 4/16/11)
2011        Apr 14, Libyan rebels begged for more NATO air strikes, saying they faced a massacre from government artillery barrages on the besieged city of Misrata. Western allies squabbled over the air campaign as forces loyal to Gadhafi shelled Misrata, killing at least 23 people. NATO warplanes launched air strikes on Tripoli. State-run Al-Libya TV channel reported that there were casualties. NATO allies rebuffed French and British calls to contribute more actively to the air war in Libya despite fears of a military stalemate.
    (Reuters, 4/14/11)(AFP, 4/14/11)
2011        Apr 14, Mexican police arrested suspect Rodrigo Elizalde Mora in the central city of Cuernavaca. He allegedly confessed to participating in the March 28 killing of Juan Francisco Sicilia, a well-known poet's son and six other people. Mora appeared the next day before reporters badly beaten, and said he had been kidnapped by four unidentified men in a sport utility vehicle, who then apparently turned him over to authorities.
    (AP, 4/15/11)
2011        Apr 14, NATO allies met in Berlin seeking to bridge differences over their campaign in Libya, as rebels fighting to topple Moamer Kadhafi reported an intensive bombing blitz by alliance warplanes.
    (AFP, 4/14/11)
2011        Apr 14, Morocco's Justice Ministry says the king has granted pardons or lightened sentences for 190 prisoners in response to a request from an official human rights body.
    (AP, 4/14/11)
2011        Apr 14, Mozambique announced that it is building a $102 million (€70 million) airport in the northern city Nacala in an effort to expand infrastructure to attract tourists and investment.
    (AFP, 4/14/11)
2011        Apr 14, Pakistan freed 89 Indian fishermen imprisoned for fishing and violating its territorial waters as the nuclear-armed rivals resume a fledgling peace process.
    (AFP, 4/14/11)
2011        Apr 14, Federal authorities in Puerto Rico seized $1.35 million in cash hidden inside a car aboard a cargo ship that arrived from Philadelphia.
    (AP, 4/16/11)
2011        Apr 14, Augusto Marin (b.1921), one of Puerto Rico's best-known painters and muralists, died. He was best known for large paintings and murals in the modern style that blended Caribbean and religious elements.
    (AP, 4/14/11)
2011        Apr 14, Russia was reported to have banned the hunting of polar bears this year, thanks to a group with close ties to Prime Minister Vladimir Putin, a longtime defender of large endangered animals.
    (AP, 4/14/11)
2011        Apr 14, Somalia's government rejected the outcome of a UN-backed meeting on the Horn of Africa nation that called for the ouster of the current leadership to prepare the country for new elections.
    (AP, 4/14/11)
2011        Apr 14, Spanish telecoms giant Telefonica said it plans to cut its workforce in Spain by about 20 percent, or some 6,000 people, over the next three years as a cost-cutting measure.
    (AFP, 4/14/11)
2011        Apr 14, In Sudan Ahmed Haroun, a candidate for South Kordofan state governor, said Sudanese militia have killed 17 people in the oil-producing South Kordofan region just two weeks before long-delayed elections. Haroun has been accused by the International Criminal Court of coordinating brutal militias during a counter-insurgency campaign in Darfur. Most of the north's oil reserves have been discovered in South Kordofan. South Kordofan lies on the fault line between north and south Sudan, incorporating: the Nuba population, which largely sided with the south during the war.
    (Reuters, 4/14/11)(http://tinyurl.com/455t92s)
2011        Apr 14, Glencore, a Swiss-based mining company, said it would list 20% of its shares in London and Hong Kong in an IPO that will raise as much as $11 billion.
    (Econ, 4/16/11, p.68)
2011        Apr 14, Uganda’s military police officers shot Kizza Besigye, the top opposition politician, in the right hand and fired tear gas into a hospital as demonstrations against rising fuel and food prices broke out in several locations across the country.
    (AP, 4/14/11)
2011        Apr 14, In Vietnam authorities in the central Quang Nam province agreed to set up the reserve dedicated to the secretive saola, a relative of antelopes and cattle and one of the world's rarest animals, which was only discovered in 1992. This was the second Sao La conservation zone in Vietnam, after the first one located at the Bach Ma National Park in the central province of Thua Thien-Hue.
    (AFP, 4/18/11)(http://tinyurl.com/3u3l889)
2011        Apr 14, Zimbabwe President Mugabe condemned gay "filth" in Europe, as he lambasted Western powers for maintaining their asset freeze and travel ban on him and his inner circle. Mugabe also said the government would go ahead with the takeover of foreign companies.
    (AP, 4/14/11)(Reuters, 4/14/11)

2011        Apr 15, President Obama and the US Congress approved $205 million in aid to develop “Iron Dome," a new Israeli-made missile defense system.
    (AP, 4/16/11)
2011        Apr 15, Indictments were unsealed in Manhattan against 11 people including the founders of three of the largest online poker sites open to US players. PokerStars, Full Tilt Poker and Absolute Poker were charged with bank fraud, money laundering and violating gambling laws.
    (SFC, 4/16/11, p.A6)(Econ, 4/23/11, p.68)
2011        Apr 15, Storms marched into Tennessee, Louisiana and later into Georgia. At least three twisters touched down in Mississippi, where a state of emergency was declared in 14 counties, causing widespread damage.
    (AP, 4/16/11)
2011        Apr 15, In Afghanistan Khan Mohammad Mujahid, the police chief in Kandahar city, was killed by a Taliban suicide bomber along with two of his bodyguards.
    (AP, 4/15/11)
2011        Apr 15, In Algeria Islamist extremists attacked an army post and killed at least 13 soldiers watching the Algerian president's televised speech promising reforms. Two militants in the group were killed by soldiers at the post in Kabyle. President Bouteflika announced constitutional reforms "aimed at deepening the democratic process" amid upheavals.
    (AP, 4/16/11)
2011        Apr 15, An Australian Crime Commission report said organized crime costs Australia up to Aus$15 billion (US$15.8 billion) each year. The report warned that opportunities for illegal activity were unprecedented.
    (AFP, 4/14/11)
2011        Apr 15, Burkina Faso soldiers shot into the air, stole cars and looted shops in the western and central parts of the capital, Ouagadougou, as protests by military guards against unpaid housing allowances spread.
    (AP, 4/15/11)
2011        Apr 15, In Toronto, Canada, Liu Qian (23) was found raped and dead a few hours after her former boyfriend in China watched via webcam as she tried to fend off an attacker who appeared at her door. On April 7, 2014, Brian Dickson (32) was convicted of her murder and sentenced to life in prison.
    (AP, 4/8/14)(http://tinyurl.com/mq7crka)
2011        Apr 15, Egypt's top prosecutor ordered deposed President Hosni Mubarak to be moved from a hospital at a Red Sea resort to a military hospital for questioning about the deaths of protesters and allegations of corruption and abuse of power.
    (AP, 4/15/11)
2011        Apr 15, In northeastern India gunmen ambushed and shot dead seven policemen in Manipur state, but a local politician managed to escape unhurt.
    (AFP, 4/15/11)
2011        Apr 15, In Indian Kashmir suspected Muslim rebels shot dead Haseena Akhter, a woman candidate contesting village-level polls.
    (AFP, 4/16/11)
2011        Apr 15, In Indonesia suicide bomber Muhammad Syarif (32) blew himself up as police were praying in the West Java town of Cirebon, wounding 30 people in the first attack on a mosque since extremists started targeting the predominantly Muslim country a decade ago.
    (AP, 4/15/11)(AP, 4/16/11)(AFP, 10/8/11)
2011        Apr 15, In Ivory Coast Gen. Brunot Dogbo Ble, head of the Republican Guard, was captured. The Guard had stood beside Gbagbo and fought fiercely in Abidjan.
    (AP, 4/16/11)
2011        Apr 15, Japan's government ordered the embattled operator of the crippled Fukushima nuclear plant to offer payouts to tens of thousands of people made homeless by the ongoing crisis.
    (AP, 4/15/11)
2011        Apr 15, In Jordan hundreds of protesting Islamic Salafi hard-liners clashed with supporters of King Abdullah II, wounding dozens, in the latest move by the extremist movement to assert itself amid the country's wave of anti-government demonstrations. 70 Islamic hardliners were soon arrested for suspected armed attacks that left 83 policemen wounded. Ayman al-Balawi (38), the brother of an al-Qaida triple agent who blew himself up in a CIA outpost in Afghanistan in Dec, 2009, was detained in a sweep along with 102 other members of the ultraconservative Muslim Salafi sect.
    (AP, 4/15/11)(AP, 4/16/11)(AP, 4/19/11)
2011        Apr 15, In Libya a fresh hail of government rockets crashed into Misrata after Western allies denounced a "medieval siege" of the city and vowed to keep bombing Muammar Gaddafi's forces until he stepped down. Gaddafi forces opened fire on rebels and killed one near the strategic eastern Libyan town of Ajdabiyah, after an insurgent plan for a new counter-assault fizzled out.
    (Reuters, 4/15/11)
2011        Apr 15, Italian activist Vittorio Arrigoni (36) was found hanged in a Gaza apartment just hours after he was abducted by an al-Qaida-inspired group. Hamas soon arrested 4 people in connection with the killing, and sought others.
    (AP, 4/15/11)(AP, 4/16/11)
2011        Apr 15, Mexican authorities said 10 complete bodies, 3 headless bodies and 4 severed heads were found when authorities dug up a pit in a house in Durango state. Marines detained 22 more suspects, including five women, in an operation over the killings of 145 people found in mass graves this month in Tamaulipas state.
    (AP, 4/15/11)(AFP, 4/19/11)
2011        Apr 15, In Mexico residents of Cheran, Michoacan state, captured five illegal loggers as their truck attempted to smuggle out illegally harvested wood. The indigenous Purepecha people said the loggers were backed by cartel henchmen and local police. Loggers shot and killed two Cheran men and wounded four others who were patrolling the woods on April 27.
    (AP, 5/18/11)
2011        Apr 15, In the Netherlands Gen. Ante Gotovina (55), a commander hailed by Croats as a hero of the Balkan conflict, was convicted of war crimes by a UN court and sentenced to 24 years in prison for a campaign of shelling, shootings and expulsions aimed at driving Serbs out of a Croatian border region in 1995.
    (AP, 4/15/11)
2011        Apr 15, In Nigeria gunmen who hid their Kalashnikov rifles in long flowing gowns attacked residents in the city of Maiduguri. Two people were killed and five others wounded a day ahead of the country's presidential election.
    (AP, 4/15/11)
2011        Apr 15, Somali pirates took a multi-million ransom and released the Asphalt Venture, hijacked last Sep 28, and some crew members. 7 Indian crew members were kept hostage in retaliation for the holding of over 100 Somali pirates by the Indian Navy.
    (AP, 4/16/11)(SFC, 4/16/11, p.A2)
2011        Apr 15, Syrian security forces fired tear gas at thousands of protesters who were marching toward Damascus.
    (AP, 4/15/11)
2011        Apr 15, In Tajikistan Abdullo Rakhimov, also known by his nom de guerre Mullo Abdullo, was killed along with 14 other militants in the eastern Rasht Valley in a military operation.
    (AP, 4/16/11)
2011        Apr 15, Opponents of Yemen's president stepped up a campaign to force him out, but Ali Abdullah Saleh was defiant as he addressed thousands of supporters and urged the opposition to join peace talks. Loyalists in Sanaa rallied in his support. Saleh said in a speech that the mingling of men and women at "Change Square," where daily anti-government protests take place in the capital, was against Islamic law.
    (Reuters, 4/15/11)(AP, 4/16/11)

2011        Apr 16, A report by three US House Democrats said millions of gallons of potentially hazardous chemicals and known carcinogens were injected into wells by leading oil and gas service companies from 2005-2009.
    (AP, 4/16/11)
2011        Apr 16, Vicious storms and howling winds smacked the deep South, killing at least 7 people in Alabama including three family members whose homes were tossed into nearby woods. Combined with earlier reported fatalities in Arkansas and Oklahoma, the confirmed death toll over 3 days rose to 16.
    (AP, 4/16/11)
2011        Apr 16, In Sarasota, Florida, British tourists James Cooper (25) and Thomas Kouzaris (24) were found shot to death. A boy (16) was soon charged with the killing. On March 28 Shawn Tyson (17) was sentenced to life in prison.
    (SFC, 4/19/11, p.A4)(SFC, 3/29/12, p.A7)
2011        Apr 16, In Oak Harbor, Ohio, deputies found the bodies of Alan Atwater (31), his wife Dawn (30), and their 3 children, ages 1-4, all dead with gunshot wounds. Atwater had just called 911 to say he had killed his wife and 3 children and was getting ready to kill himself.
    (SSFC, 4/17/11, p.A10)
2011        Apr 16, Afghan President Hamid Karzai and visiting Pakistani PM Yusuf Raza Gilani agreed to boost joint peace efforts with Taliban insurgents. In eastern Laghman province a suicide bomber wearing an Afghan army uniform blew himself up inside a military base, killing five NATO soldiers and four Afghan soldiers. Two bomb blasts in the south killed three soldiers.
    (AFP, 4/16/11)(AP, 4/16/11)(AP, 4/17/11)
2011        Apr 16, Bahrain detained Mohammed al-Tajer, a human rights lawyer, and at least two doctors as part of a crackdown on pro-democracy protestors in the Gulf Arab kingdom. Tareq al-Fursani, a gold medalist in several Asian championships, was arrested at his home in a village east of the capital Manama.
    (Reuters, 4/16/11)(Reuters, 4/17/11)
2011        Apr 16, Burkina Faso police in the capital fired tear gas on thousands of angry merchants protesting a second night of looting by soldiers, the latest of several recent episodes of unrest in the small West African nation.
    (AP, 4/16/11)
2011        Apr 16, Several thousand Croats protested against The Hague convicting two former Croatian generals whose trial was a condition of Croatia's attempt to join the European Union.
    (Reuters, 4/16/11)
2011        Apr 16, Cuba kicked off a crucial 4-day Communist Party congress with a big military and civilian parade to mark 50 years since the defeat of CIA-backed exiles at the Bay of Pigs. Pres. Raul Castro (79) proposed term limits for Cuba's leaders, admitted that errors have left the country with no obvious successor and promised to rejuvenate the island's political class.
    (AP, 4/16/11)(AP, 4/17/11)
2011        Apr 16, Leavy Nin Batista (33), the ex-wife of a reputed Caribbean drug kingpin, was returned to the Dominican Republic to face accusations she laundered money for her former husband's alleged trafficking network. Jose Figueroa Agosto, the so-called "Pablo Escobar of the Caribbean," was captured last year in Puerto Rico. On May 9 Batista acknowledged her guilt in a plea deal with prosecutors.
    (AP, 4/17/11)(AP, 5/10/11)
2011        Apr 16, An Egyptian court ordered the dissolving of the country's former ruling party and the confiscation of its assets, meeting a major demand of the protest movement that ousted President Hosni Mubarak.
    (AP, 4/16/11)
2011        Apr 16, In India Brigadier Sawai Bhawani Singh (79), the last maharaja of Jaipur, died. Singh served as the maharaja or hereditary ruler of Jaipur after his father Sawai Man Singh's death in June 1970.
    (AP, 4/17/11)
2011        Apr 16, A senior Iranian military official said experts have determined the United States and Israel were behind a mysterious computer worm known as Stuxnet that has harmed Iran's nuclear program.
    (AP, 4/16/11)
2011        Apr 16, In Iraq gunmen late at night stormed the home of a Shiite family living in a mostly Sunni neighborhood of Baghdad and killed all four family members.
    (AP, 4/17/11)
2011        Apr 16, Ivory Coast officials began drawing up a list of ministers, generals and journalists to be charged with blood crimes, corruption and hate speech, as shooting erupted between residual forces of a pro-Gbagbo militia and forces of democratically elected President Ouattara.
    (AP, 4/16/11)
2011        Apr 16, TEPCO, the Japanese operator of a stricken nuclear plant, said it has started dumping a mineral into the sea that absorbs radioactive substances, aiming to slow down contamination of the ocean.
    (AFP, 4/16/11)
2011        Apr 16, A strong earthquake of magnitude 5.8 hit central Japan.
    (AP, 4/16/11)
2011        Apr 16, In Libya forces loyal to Muammar Gaddafi fired at least 100 Grad rockets into Misrata, in a third day of heavy bombardment of the rebel-held city. A rights watchdog said Kadhafi's forces were using cluster bombs. Rebels made it into the outskirts of Brega but many fled back to Ajdabiyah after six were killed by rockets fired by Gaddafi loyalists on the exposed coastal road joining the two towns.
    (Reuters, 4/16/11)(AP, 4/16/11)(AFP, 4/16/11)(Reuters, 4/17/11)
2011        Apr 16, Nigeria held elections on whether to keep their accidental president, Goodluck Jonathan, in power. An explosion hit a police station in the northeastern city of Maiduguri just as presidential elections were beginning.
    (AP, 4/16/11)(Reuters, 4/16/11)
2011        Apr 16, A Qatari state-controlled gas producer said it has agreed to send Japan more than 60 extra tanker shipments of liquefied natural gas to help power the Asian nation in the wake of its tsunami disaster.
    (AP, 4/16/11)
2011        Apr 16, In the Philippines army Scout Rangers encountered about 15 Abu Sayyaf gunmen in a remote village of Al Barka township on Basilan island. The clash killed 2 al-Qaida-linked gunmen and left three soldiers wounded.
    (AP, 4/16/11)
2011        Apr 16, In Serbia tens of thousands of nationalist supporters demanded the pro-Western government call early elections in Serbia at a rally, as their leader announced he was launching a hunger strike until the request is met. Tomislav Nikolic ended his hunger strike on April 24.
    (AP, 4/16/11)(AP, 4/24/11)
2011        Apr 16, Spain’s labor minister warned in a published interview that the number of unemployed could reach a record of more than five million. Spain already had the highest jobless rate among developed countries.
    (AFP, 4/16/11)
2011        Apr 16, Thousands of Syrians took to the streets for the funeral of a slain protester, shouting for freedom just hours before President Bashar Assad was expected to appear in a televised speech. Assad spoke to government insiders acknowledging economic woes.
    (AP, 4/16/11)(Econ, 4/23/11, p.49)
2011        Apr 16, Thousands of Yemenis demonstrated against the president after he criticized the participation of women in anti-government protests.
    (AP, 4/16/11)

2011        Apr 17, The US government said air traffic controllers would have more time to rest between shifts under new work rules announced today, while Transportation Secretary Ray LaHood made clear he won't tolerate sleeping on duty despite studies and expert recommendations that suggest scheduled shut-eye can help combat fatigue.
    (AP, 4/17/11)
2011        Apr 17, A furious storm system that kicked up tornadoes, flash floods and hail as big as softballs has left at least 45 people dead on a rampage that stretched for days as it barreled from Oklahoma to North Carolina and Virginia. 11 people were confirmed dead in Bertie County, NC, bringing the state's death toll to at least 18 people. Authorities have said 7 died in Arkansas; 7 in Alabama; 2 in Oklahoma; one in Mississippi and at least 5 in Virginia.
    (AP, 4/17/11)(AP, 4/18/11)
2011        Apr 17, The Bahrain News Agency said 111 employees of the Education Ministry had been punished for participating in the street marches and strikes last month.
    (AP, 4/17/11)
2011        Apr 17, In China 47 members of the underground Shouwang church were detained in Beijing. Its leaders were kept under house arrest as part of a crackdown on the unregistered congregation. Tensions had escalated earlier this month when the church was evicted from its usual rented place of worship.
    (AP, 4/17/11)
2011        Apr 17, In southern China violent thunderstorms have lashed parts of the industrial heartland of Guangdong province, leaving 18 people dead and scores injured.
    (AP, 4/18/11)
2011        Apr 17, Egypt put two former top ministers on trial, widening a crackdown on graft as the ruling generals seek to show their seriousness about ending the corruption that led to President Hosni Mubarak's ouster.
    (Reuters, 4/17/11)
2011        Apr 17, Finns turned out in droves for a parliamentary vote marked by the meteoric rise of the nationalist True Finns party, which could tip the political scale to the right and even block Finnish approval of EU bailouts. The pro-EU conservative National Coalition Party topped the vote with 44 seats but the coalition it previously belonged to no longer held a parliamentary majority. As a result, the party is expected to begin difficult negotiations on forming a new government with at least one euroskeptic party. The nationalist True Finns gained 33 seats to 39 vs 42 for the Social Democrats.
    (AFP, 4/17/11)(AP, 4/18/11)(SFC, 4/18/11, p.A2)
2011        Apr 17, A train carrying Tunisian immigrants from Italy was halted at the French border in an escalation of an international dispute over the fate of North African migrants fleeing political unrest for refuge in Europe, unprecedented since the introduction of the Schengen travel-free zone.
    (AP, 4/17/11)
2011        Apr 17, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev became the first Kremlin chief to tour Hong Kong, seeking fresh investment as aides and executives signaled a rise in Russian listings in the city.
    (AFP, 4/17/11)
2011        Apr 17, In India 180 people from 19 countries began the Rickshaw Run, a more than 3,000-mile (5,000-km) ride that was part of a five-year-old charity event.
    (AP, 4/17/11)
2011        Apr 17, Iran’s Kayhan daily reported that an Iranian military commander has accused German engineering company Siemens of helping the United States and Israel launch the Stuxnet virus, a cyber attack on its nuclear facilities.
    (Reuters, 4/17/11)
2011        Apr 17, Iraqi police opened fire on stone-throwing crowds protesting corruption in the northern Kurdish region. At least 35 people were wounded.
    (SFC, 4/18/11, p.A2)
2011        Apr 17, TEPCO, the operator of Japan's crippled nuclear plant, laid out a blueprint for stopping radiation leaks and stabilizing damaged reactors within the next six to nine months as a first step toward allowing some of the tens of thousands of evacuees to return to the area.
    (AP, 4/17/11)
2011        Apr 17, Libyan rebels came under fire on the outskirts of Ajdabiyah, hemming them in to their eastern outpost and denting their hopes of pushing west to try to end a stalemate in the war. Gaddafi's forces shelled Misrata again killing 17 people. The UN reached an agreement with the Libyan government to provide humanitarian aid in Tripoli.
    (AP, 4/17/11)(AP, 4/18/11)
2011        Apr 17, Israel announced the arrests of two Palestinian teenagers in the deadly March 11 stabbings of a West Bank settler family. Hakim Awad (17) was arrested on April 5, and Amjad Awad (18), taken into custody on April 10. They said they are cousins, and that five other Palestinians have been arrested as suspected accomplices.
    (AP, 4/17/11)
2011        Apr 17, In Mexico the Tamaulipas state governor replaced his public security chief after 145 bodies showed up in mass graves in the violent border state in the last two weeks.
    (AP, 4/17/11)
2011        Apr 17, In Nigeria President Goodluck Jonathan took what appeared to be an unassailable lead as votes were tallied from around the country, despite a strong showing by rival Muhammadu Buhari in his mainly-Muslim strongholds. Rioting began in the Muslim north as early results showed Jonathan in the lead. Christians retaliated and the violence over the next few days left at least 70 people dead.
    (Reuters, 4/17/11)(SFC, 4/21/11, p.A2)
2011        Apr 17, In northwest Pakistan the bodies of eight young men were found dumped in a ditch in Attock.
    (AP, 4/17/11)
2011        Apr 17, In southern Syria thousands of people waving flags and shouting "We Want Freedom!" took to the streets, a day after President Bashar Assad promised to end nearly 50 years of emergency rule in an attempt to quell the growing uprising. Security forces opened fire on crowds challenging authoritarian rule. 20 people were killed in Homs and 2 in Latakia.
    (AP, 4/17/11)(AP, 4/18/11)(SFC, 4/19/11, p.A3)
2011        Apr 17, In Yemen hundreds of thousands of people demonstrated in cities across the country, denouncing embattled President Ali Abdullah Saleh and his remarks against women taking part in protest rallies.
    (AP, 4/17/11)

2011        Apr 18, US investor William Browder said a Moscow tax official, who approved a fraudulent $230 million tax return in 2007, has bought luxury real estate in Moscow, Dubai and Montenegro and wired money through her husband's bank accounts worth $39 million. Browder has been campaigning against Russian corruption since 2009 when his lawyer, Sergey Magnitsky, died a year after being sent to prison.
    (AP, 4/18/11)
2011        Apr 18, Two airline employees came to the aid of a woman that was being raped at Denver Int’l. Airport. Noel Bertrand (26) was later charged with sexual assault.
    (www.truecrimereport.com/2011/04/ex-marine_noel_alexander_alleg.php)
2011        Apr 18, In North Carolina Crystal Mangum (32) was indicted on a charge of first-degree murder and two counts of larceny. She has been in jail since April 3, when police charged her with assault in the stabbing of her boyfriend Reginald Daye (46). He died after nearly two weeks at a hospital. Mangum had falsely accused white lacrosse players of raping her at a 2006 party for which she was hired to perform as a stripper.
    (AP, 4/19/11)
2011        Apr 18, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber killed two soldiers in the Defense Ministry in Kabul in the third attack on security installations in four days. The attacker was shot dead before he set off his explosives. Afghan and Iranian officials said armed assailants have kidnapped 12 Iranians and 2 Afghans building a road in western Farah province. 3 of the men were released April 19 and the rest on April 20 with the help of local tribal elders.
    (Reuters, 4/18/11)(AP, 4/19/11)(AP, 4/20/11)
2011        Apr 18, In Argentina Victor Oscar Martinez (52), the sole witness to the 1977 death of Bishop Carlos Horacio Ponce de Leon, disappeared. He was released late April 20, hours after the president ordered all federal forces to search for him.
    (SFC, 4/21/11, p.A2)(AP, 4/21/11)
2011        Apr 18, Bahrain’s Foreign Minister Sheikh Khaled bin Ahmad al-Khalifa said Gulf troops will stay until its Sunni rulers are satisfied that threats from Iran have eased amid an ongoing crackdown on dissent. He also said Bahrain does not seek to dissolve the main Shiite opposition group Al-Wefaq, and wants it as a "partner for the future."
    (AP, 4/18/11)(AFP, 4/18/11)
2011        Apr 18, In Botswana nearly 90,000 public sector workers went on strike demanding a 16% pay raise after a 3-year wage freeze. The government proceeded to fire 1,400 striking health care workers including some 50 doctors. After 8 weeks public workers settled for three percent after the government insisted it could not afford a larger increase.
    (Econ, 6/11/11, p.55)(AFP, 7/7/11)(AFP, 6/27/12)
2011        Apr 18, In Burkina Faso students burned down the ruling party headquarters and the prime minister’s house in Koudougou as a soldier’s mutiny spread.
    (SFC, 4/19/11, p.A2)
2011        Apr 18, In CongoDRC at least 23 people died when a truck crashed into an area where young girls were collecting water outside the eastern city of Goma.
    (AP, 4/19/11)
2011        Apr 18, Cuban delegates at a Communist Party summit approved about 313 “guidelines" for economic reforms in a unanimous vote, including a measure that apparently recommends the legalization the buying and selling of private property.
    (AP, 4/19/11)(Econ, 3/24/12, SR p.3)
2011        Apr 18, Greece's public order minister said residents of Keratea, a town near Athens, have pledged to suspend nearly four months of often violent protests over a planned rubbish dump, pending talks with officials.
    (AP, 4/18/11)
2011        Apr 18, Hungary's center-right-dominated parliament adopted a socially and fiscally conservative new constitution, with 262 votes in favor, 44 against and one member abstaining. It included a ban on gay marriage protection of the life of a fetus from conception.
    (AFP, 4/18/11)(SFC, 4/19/11, p.A2)
2011        Apr 18, India's Supreme Court banned travelling circuses from employing children and ordered the government to conduct raids on all performing companies to rescue minors.
    (AFP, 4/18/11)
2011        Apr 18, In Iraq suicide bombers detonated two explosives-packed cars outside Baghdad's heavily fortified Green Zone, killing at least 9 people and wounding 23. Two carloads of robbers stormed two jewelry shops in Baghdad's eastern al-Amin area, sparking a shootout with police. A shop owner and a customer were killed. Police also shot dead one of the robbers before the attackers fled with a bag of gold and gems. Gunmen stormed a house in Kirkuk, a northern, ethnically mixed city, killing 3 Shiite Arab women who had recently moved there.
    (AP, 4/18/11)(AP, 4/19/11)
2011        Apr 18, Italian chocolate tycoon Pietro Ferrero (47) fell off his bike while riding in South Africa and died. A heart attack was suspected.
    (AFP, 4/19/11)
2011        Apr 18, In Japan a pair of thin robots on treads sent to explore buildings inside the crippled Fukushima nuclear reactor came back with disheartening news: Radiation levels are far too high for repair crews to go inside.
    (AP, 4/18/11)
2011        Apr 18, In Libya forces loyal to Muammar Gaddafi bombarded Misrata with rockets and artillery. A senior UN official said Gadhafi's government has promised the UN access to Misrata, following weeks of heavy shelling of the city by government forces. A doctor reported 1,000 people killed in six weeks of fighting in the besieged city.
    (AP, 4/18/11)(AFP, 4/18/11)
2011        Apr 18, Mexico’s military captured nine suspects in connection with the killings of at least 145 people whose bodies were found starting early this month in pits in the township of San Fernando, in the border state of Tamaulipas. In 2014 federal prosecutors said local police in San Fernando were involved in the massacres of 193 mainly Central American migrants, whose bodies were found in mass graves in April and May, 2011.
    (AP, 4/20/11)(AP, 12/22/14)
2011        Apr 18, The Nigerian Red Cross said rioting in cities across northern Nigeria has killed many people with homes, churches and mosques set ablaze as election officials released results showing the Christian incumbent had gained an insurmountable lead.
    (Reuters, 4/18/11)(AP, 4/18/11)
2011        Apr 18, Hamas police besieged a house in Gaza where al-Qaida-inspired militants implicated in the slaying of Italian activist Vittorio Arrigoni were holed up, trading gunfire with the suspects after they refused to surrender. Two Salafists were killed in the shootout.
    (AP, 4/19/11)(Econ, 4/30/11, p.50)
2011        Apr 18, Spain raised 4.66 billion euros in short-term debt but had to pay more than previously as Portugal's bailout talks sparked fresh fears over Madrid's ability to stabilize its own public finances.
    (AFP, 4/18/11)
2011        Apr 18, Spanish police arrested Sicilian mafia fugitive Claudio Adriano Giusto (43) after 13 years on the run for murder and robbery. Giusto was accused of shooting and killing Giuseppe Magaddino with a 7.65 mm firearm and then taking his wallet in Italy in March 1998.
    (AFP, 4/20/11)
2011        Apr 18, A Sudanese army helicopter crashed in North Darfur, killing all five people on board.
    (AFP, 4/18/11)
2011        Apr 18, In Syria at least seven people were killed when security forces fired into a crowd in the flashpoint town of Homs, as nationwide protests showed no sign of abating.
    (AFP, 4/18/11)
2011        Apr 18, In southern Thailand Muslim insurgents set off a car bomb that killed one soldier and wounded 25 people.
    (AP, 4/18/11)
2011        Apr 18, In Turkey Bedri Baykam, a prominent government critic, was hospitalized after a stabbing assault, which followed a speech in which he condemned plans to tear down the "Monument to Humanity," a sculpture near the Armenian border.
    (AP, 4/19/11)
2011        Apr 18, Uganda police battled protesters for the third time in a week and again arrested the country's top opposition politician. One protester died after being tear gassed.
    (AP, 4/18/11)
2011        Apr 18, In Yemen several top figures and lawmakers who defected from Saleh's ruling Congress Party set up a new opposition party. Yemeni police reportedly fired tear gas and live ammunition at protesters calling for the ouster of the country's longtime president, injuring 45 people in the southern port town of al-Hudaydah.
    (AP, 4/18/11)

2011        Apr 19, It was reported that a US Department of Justice test of the CelleBrite UFED used by Michigan police found the device could grab all of the photos and video off of an iPhone within one-and-a-half minutes. The device works with 3000 different phone models and can even defeat password protections.
    (www.thenewspaper.com/news/34/3458.asp)
2011        Apr 19, A Virginia jury convicted Lee Farkas (58), the majority owner of what had been one of the nation's largest mortgage companies, on all 14 counts in a $2.9 billion fraud trial. Prosecutors said Farkas led a fraud scheme of staggering proportions for roughly eight years as chairman of Florida-based Taylor Bean & Whitaker. The fraud not only caused the company's 2009 collapse and put its 2,000 employees out of work, but also contributed to the collapse of Alabama-based Colonial Bank, the sixth-largest bank failure in US history.
    (AP, 4/20/11)
2011        Apr 19, Sony Corp. in the US noticed unauthorized activity on its network, and discovered that data had been transferred off the network the next day. The company's general counsel gave the FBI information about the breach on April 22.
    (AP, 5/4/11)
2011        Apr 19, In Afghanistan 17 insurgents, including foreign fighters, were killed in Kunar province by Afghan and coalition forces searching for a senior leader of the al-Qaida network.
    (AP, 4/21/11)
2011        Apr 19, Brazilian police swept through Rio de Janeiro's largest slum in a crackdown on drug-related crime, arresting 11 people and seizing an estimated three tons of marijuana.
    (AFP, 4/19/11)
2011        Apr 19, Britain said it will send a team of up 20 senior military officers to Libya to help organize the country's haphazard opposition forces.
    (AP, 4/19/11)
2011        Apr 19, In Burkina Faso Gen. Nabere Honore Traore, the recently appointed army chief, said that the new government will work to resolve the issues behind the military unrest that has plagued the country since last week.
    (AP, 4/19/11)
2011        Apr 19, Cuban delegates to a key Party Congress picked Raul Castro (79) to replace his ailing brother at the helm, while weathered veterans moved up to the No. 2 and 3 positions. Raul acknowledged the lack of fresh faces, saying the country had failed to develop young leaders because of errors committed in the past.
    (AP, 4/19/11)
2011        Apr 19, An Egyptian government fact-finding mission said at least 846 people were killed and over 6,400 injured during the popular uprising that toppled longtime president Hosni Mubarak.
    (AP, 4/19/11)
2011        Apr 19, India's Supreme Court told state governments to "ruthlessly" stamp out so-called honor killings and warned that officials who fail to deal with the practice would be prosecuted.
    (AFP, 4/19/11)
2011        Apr 19, In India a mob opposing a government plan to build a nuclear plant in the western state of Maharashtra ransacked a hospital and set buses on fire during a protest strike.
    (AP, 4/19/11)
2011        Apr 19, In India a helicopter hit a wall and burst into flames as it was trying to land in the remote northeast, killing at least 17 people.
    (AP, 4/19/11)
2011        Apr 19, Iran’s intelligence minister Heidar Moslehi resigned following reported internal disputes with Pres. Ahmadinejad and the president publicly accepted it. But Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei quickly ordered that Moslehi remain on the job.
    (AP, 4/20/11)
2011        Apr 19, In Iraq a senior Education Ministry official was killed by a bomb that was hidden on his car in Baghdad.
    (AP, 4/19/11)
2011        Apr 19, Forty one Ivorians were arrested by United Nations forces as they attempted to cross the border into Liberia with cars, guns and ammunition shortly after the capture of former Ivorian president Laurent Gbagbo.
    (AFP, 6/21/12)
2011        Apr 19, Laos announced that it would defer a decision on erecting the $3.5 billion Xayaburi dam, the first dam on the lower Mekong River in the face of opposition from neighboring countries. In Dec the Mekong River Commission (Cambodia, Laos, Thailand and Vietnam) members called for further studies.
    (SFC, 4/20/11, p.A2)(Econ, 1/7/12, p.34)
2011        Apr 19, In Libya heavy fighting raged in Misrata. A NATO commander complained the alliance was having trouble destroying Gadhafi's mortars and rockets attacking rebels there. 8 people were reported killed in Misrata. The UN appealed for a ceasefire in Misrata, saying at least 20 children had been killed in attacks by besieging government forces on rebel-held parts of the city. Rebels put the death toll from two months of fighting at 10,000. NATO's commander in chief for the operation in Libya announced military strikes against Kadhafi's command centers, including Tripoli and a brigade accused of leading attacks on civilians.
    (AP, 4/19/11)(Reuters, 4/19/11)(AFP, 4/19/11)(Reuters, 4/20/11)
2011        Apr 19, A Malaysian official said authorities have sent 66 Muslim schoolboys identified by teachers as effeminate to a four-day camp where they will receive counseling on masculine behavior to discourage them from being gay.
    (AP, 4/19/11)
2011        Apr 19, Mexican troops clashed with gunmen trying to establish a base in Veracruz, killing 10 alleged assailants.
    (AP, 4/20/11)
2011        Apr 19, In Nigeria burned corpses with machete wounds lay in roads and smoke rose above Kaduna where rioting broke out again among Muslim opposition supporters who were angered by the announcement that the Christian incumbent president had won the election.
    (AP, 4/19/11)
2011        Apr 19, Somali citizen Ahmed Abdulkadir Warsame was captured by the US military. He was interrogated aboard a US warship for two months before facing terrorism charges in NYC.
    (SFC, 7/6/11, p.A6)
2011        Apr 19, Investors announced that West Africa Cable System (WACS), a new $650 million undersea telecommunications cable, has landed in South Africa, saying the link would double the broadband capacity of the continent's largest economy.
    (AFP, 4/19/11)
2011        Apr 19, Syria's government approved lifting the country's nearly 50-year-old state of emergency to meet a key demand of anti-government protesters. Syria imposed a total ban on all demonstrations after warning of a crackdown on an "armed revolt" by Islamist radicals. Security forces fired on protesters in the city of Homs, killing at least 15.
    (AP, 4/19/11)(AFP, 4/19/11)(Econ, 4/23/11, p.49)
2011        Apr 19, A Tunisian court dropped charges against a policewoman whose dispute with fruit vendor Mohamed Bouazizi sparked a chain of events that unleashed uprisings around the Arab world. The case against Fedia Hamdi was closed after the vendor's family withdrew its original complaint.
    (AP, 4/19/11)
2011        Apr 19, In Turkey Kurdish protesters clashed with police in two cities and the main Kurdish party threatened to boycott the upcoming election because of a decision the previous day to bar some Kurdish candidates.
    (AP, 4/19/11)
2011        Apr 19, Yemeni security forces opened fire on anti-government protesters in Taiz, the second largest city, killing at least 3. Tens of thousands took to the streets in the capital Sanaa later in the day and thousands demonstrated in Aden, Ibb, al-Hudaydah and other cites where most of the shops were closed in support of the protesters. The UN children's fund said that at least 26 children have been killed during the protests over the last two months.
    (AP, 4/19/11)(SFC, 4/20/11, p.A2)

2011        Apr 20, US officials said the Obama administration plans to give the Libyan opposition $25 million in non-lethal assistance in what will be the first direct US aid to the rebels after weeks of assessing their capabilities and intentions.
    (AP, 4/20/11)
2011        Apr 20, US Homeland Security officials said they were scrapping the 5-color system used since 2001 terrorist threat alerts. New written alerts will warn of an elevated or imminent threat when needed.
    (SFC, 4/21/11, p.A8)
2011        Apr 20, In Colorado a pipe bomb and propane tanks were found planted at the Southwest Plaza Mall in Littleton, a suburb of Denver. On April 26 suspect Earl Albert Moore(65) was arrested.
    (SFC, 4/27/11, p.A8)
2011        Apr 20, Oklahoma Gov. Mary Fallin signed a pair of bills intended to further restrict abortion in her state.
    (SFC, 4/21/11, p.A6)
2011        Apr 20, BP marked the first anniversary of the massive Gulf of Mexico oil spill by suing its business partners for billions of dollars, as Gulf residents held somber vigils and relatives flew over the waters where 11 oil rig workers died.
    (AP, 4/21/11)
2011        Apr 20, In Afghanistan a French soldier was killed and nine others were wounded when their armored vehicle struck a road side bomb in Kapisa province. A Haqqani operator was captured in Tere Zayi district of Khost province, which borders Pakistan. Several suspected insurgents were detained in the provincial capital of Khost. Coalition and Afghan troops took the leader of the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU) and two of his associates into custody in Khan Abad district of Kunduz province.
    (AP, 4/21/11)(AP, 4/22/11)
2011        Apr 20, The Afghan government said the scandal-plagued Kabul Bank would be split in two, one good bank and one filled with bad loans, as part of a drastic overhaul to save it from failure.
    (SFC, 4/21/11, p.A5)
2011        Apr 20, A South Australian politician was detained and charged with four child pornography offences.
    (AFP, 4/21/11)
2011        Apr 20, In England Tina Nash (31), a mother-of-two, was assaulted by her boyfriend at her home in Hayle. Shane Jenkin (32) gauged out her eyes and broke her jaw and nose. He kept Nash imprisoned for the next 12 hours, stopping her from seeking help. On April 13, 2012, Jenkin pleaded guilty.
    (AFP, 4/13/12)(www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-cornwall-13268302)
2011        Apr 20, China’s Legal Daily newspaper said authorities in Shenyang have found bean sprouts tainted with banned food additives to make the vegetables grow faster and look shinier. Police had seized 40 tons of bean sprouts treated with the chemical compounds sodium nitrite and urea, as well as antibiotics and a plant hormone called 6-benzyladenine.
    (AP, 4/20/11)
2011        Apr 20, In the Czech Rep. a huge nitroglycerine explosion occurred at an explosives factory in Pardubice, leaving nine people injured and four missing.
    (AP, 4/20/11)
2011        Apr 20, Hundreds of Eritrean exiles marched in the capital of neighboring Ethiopia to protest their country's autocratic leadership.
    (AP, 4/20/11)
2011        Apr 20, In Haiti election officials declared Michel Martelly, a popular singer known by the stage name "Sweet Micky," to be the earthquake-devastated country's next president. The final election results were released late in the day giving victories to 17 Chamber of Deputies candidates and one Senate candidate who ended up with far more votes than they had when preliminary returns were announced April 4. Demonstrations popped up in the countryside and some turned violent. The ruling Unity Party expanded its presence in the Chamber of Deputies, taking 46 of the 99 positions, and gained an absolute majority in the upper Senate with 17 of the 30 seats.
    (AP, 4/21/11)(AFP, 4/22/11)
2011        Apr 20, In Iran more than 200 lawmakers warned President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad that he must obey an order from the country's supreme leader reinstating Heidar Moslehi, the powerful intelligence minister who resigned on April 19.
    (AP, 4/20/11)
2011        Apr 20, Prominent Israeli intellectuals and artists came out in favor of creating a Palestinian state based on the 1967 line marking the West Bank. Gaza Strip and east Jerusalem. 47 signatories to a statement released today called for an Israeli pullout from the West Bank.
    (AP, 4/20/11)
2011        Apr 20, Israeli police arrested two Israelis in connection with a seizure of over $60 million worth of cocaine smuggled into Israel aboard a Colombian vessel.
    (AP, 5/16/11)
2011        Apr 20, In Ivory Coast die-hard forces loyal former President Laurent Gbagbo still battled troops of the democratically President Alassane Ouattara in an Abidjan neighborhood. Troops loyal to Ouattara lobbed shells into the Yopougon suburb as pro-Gbagbo civilian supporters tried to get out.
    (AP, 4/20/11)
2011        Apr 20, In Libya Gadhafi's troops clashed with opposition forces In Misrata and shelled the mountain town of Yifran. Yifran, Qalaa, Nalut and others near the Tunisian borders are inhibited by Berbers who suffered under Gadhafi repressive policies. France and Italy announced that they will join the UK in sending small teams of military advisers to eastern Libya. Among those killed today in Misrata were British photojournalist Tim Hetherington, co-director of Oscar-nominated war documentary "Restrepo," and American photographer Chris Hondros. A Ukrainian doctor was killed in a separate incident. The doctor's wife lost her legs.
    (AP, 4/20/11)(AP, 4/21/11)(Reuters, 4/21/11)
2011        Apr 20, Regulators said Malaysia and Singapore have agreed to slash roaming charges for voice calls and text messaging over the next two years in a landmark accord.
    (AFP, 4/20/11)
2011        Apr 20, In northern Mexico investigators found 26 badly decomposed bodies at a vacant lot in the state of Durango and said they were looking for more. In Tamaulipas authorities reported they had rescued 68 people, including 12 Central American migrants, allegedly kidnapped by a drug cartel. Federal police in Cancun arrested Marco Antonio Gomez, a lawyer who allegedly helped the Zetas drug cartel manage ransom and extortion payments, which were sometimes handed over in the form of property deeds. Nine more suspected Zetas members were arrested in the border state of Tamaulipas.
    (AP, 4/20/11)(AP, 4/21/11)
2011        Apr 20, In Nigeria opposition presidential candidate, ex-military ruler Muhammadu Buhari, urged calm saying he would pursue his complaints through legal means as post-poll unrest in Nigeria was reported to have killed more than 200 people.
    (AFP, 4/20/11)
2011        Apr 20, South Korean telecoms operator KT rolled out Kibot, a robot playmate for children, in a move aimed at cashing in on the potentially lucrative industry.
    (AFP, 4/20/11)
2011        Apr 20, In Spain the Madrid Superior Court of Justice upheld a ban barring atheists from holding a march on Holy Thursday, saying that would be offensive to Spanish Catholics who mark Easter with processions of their own. The ban was imposed last week by the Interior Ministry office for the Madrid region.
    (AP, 4/21/11)
2011        Apr 20, In Syria thousands of students held demonstrations against the authoritarian regime, brushing off President Assad's sweeping declarations of reform as the country's growing protest movement vowed to stage the biggest rallies to date on April 22.
    (AP, 4/20/11)
2011        Apr 20, In southeastern Turkey one person was killed when police opened fire on Kurdish protestors in Bismil town.
    (AFP, 4/20/11)
2011        Apr 20, In Yemen gunmen on motorcycles sped by and opened fire on hundreds of demonstrators camped out in the early hours of the morning in the Yemeni port city of Hodeida, killing one and wounding several protesters.
    (AP, 4/20/11)

2011        Apr 21, The US Justice Department indicted 3 US citizens and their two companies for illegally exporting millions of dollars worth of computers to Iran via Dubai.
    (Reuters, 4/22/11)
2011        Apr 21, The United States started flying armed drones to bolster NATO firepower and try to break a battlefield stalemate with Moammar Gadhafi's forces.
    (AP, 4/22/11)
2011        Apr 21, Mattel Inc, after waging a seven-year legal war against a tiny California company, suffered a surprise defeat after a US jury decided that MGA Entertainment Inc is the rightful owner of the once-billion dollar line of pouty-lipped Bratz dolls.
    (AP, 4/21/11)
2011        Apr 21, US helicopter maker Sikorsky Aircraft won a Turkish contract worth $3.5 billion (2.4 billion euros).
    (AP, 4/21/11)
2011        Apr 21, San Francisco-based PG&E CEO Peter Darby (58) said he would retire at the end of the month in a bid to give his embattled business a fresh start.
    (SFC, 4/22/11, p.A1)
2011        Apr 21, Nevada Sen. John Ensign (52) announced that he will resign amid an ethics investigation revolving around and extramarital affair with Cynthia Hampton, a member of his campaign staff and providing lobbying work to her husband. In April, 2008, Ensign’s parents had paid Douglas and Cynthia Hampton $96,000. In 2009 Douglas Hampton said it was severance pay.
    (SFC, 4/22/11, p.A6)(SFC, 4/23/11, p.A4)
2011        Apr 21, Jess Stonestreet Jackson (81), lawyer turned winemaker, died in Geyserville, Ca. He and his first wife, Jane Kendall, produced their first wine under the Kendall-Jackson label in 1982. His brand soon became synonymous with Chardonnay, the nation’s most favored grape.
    (SFC, 4/22/11, p.A1)
2011        Apr 21, In Afghanistan a bomb blast killed three Afghan policemen on a bus in Nangarhar province. The nephew of a militant network run by Gulbuddin Hekmatyar was killed in fighting in Wardak province. In Khost province 3 Afghan men, who were part of a civilian police force guarding a road construction project, were killed by coalition forces in Spera district.
    (AP, 4/21/11)(AP, 4/22/11)
2011        Apr 21, In Brazil a small plane crashed in the Amazon soon after taking off from Manaus, killing seven people. 8 others on the air taxi survived.
    (AP, 4/21/11)
2011        Apr 21, The African Union lifted sanctions on Ivory Coast, ending four months of diplomatic isolation, but fighting between armed groups underscored the challenges facing the new president.
    (Reuters, 4/21/11)
2011        Apr 21, In eastern Bangladesh a crowded ferry carrying about 100 passengers capsized in a river, leaving at least 28 people dead and more feared missing.
    (AP, 4/21/11)
2011        Apr 21, Burkina Faso’s President Blaise Compaore announced he will remain president and named himself as defense minister, becoming a member of his 29-member cabinet.
    (AP, 4/22/11)
2011        Apr 21, Chinese police raided the Kirti monastery, a Tibetan Buddhist monastery where tensions have run high over the March 17 death of a monk named Phuntsog. Police took 300 monks to an unknown location and two villagers trying to block the monks' removal were killed.
    (AP, 4/23/11)
2011        Apr 21, French President Nicolas Sarkozy hosted Palestinian leader Mahmud Abbas in Paris as Europe reflects more and more openly on the prospect of recognizing an independent Palestine.
    (AFP, 4/21/11)
2011        Apr 21, French police began exhuming five bodies from a freshly dug grave at a house in the northwestern city of Nantes. They are believed to be those of Agnes Dupont de Ligonnes (49), and her four children, aged 13-21. The family went missing almost three weeks ago. The father, Xavier Dupont de Ligonnes, remained unaccounted for.
    (AP, 4/22/11)
2011        Apr 21, Haiti's president-elect Michel Martelly urged the international community to "not recognize the results of legislative elections" tainted by fraud to benefit the ruling party.
    (AP, 4/22/11)
2011        Apr 21, In Indonesia police arrested 19 terror suspects who then led them to five massive bombs buried beneath a gas pipeline near a church just outside the capital. The explosives had been set to detonate by cell phone at around 9 a.m. on Good Friday.
    (AP, 4/21/11)
2011        Apr 21, Iranian security forces killed four members of "extreme religious groups" who were behind deadly attacks in the western province of Kurdistan. The four belonged to a Wahhabi group. Wahhabism is the austere form of Sunni Islam practiced in Saudi Arabia.
    (Reuters, 4/22/11)
2011        Apr 21, An Iraqi court sentenced three members of Saddam Hussein's regime to death for their involvement in the assassination of a Saddam opponent, Shiite dissident Talib al-Suhail, in 1994. The court acquitted Tariq Aziz, who has already been sentenced to death for persecuting members of Shiite religious parties under the former regime.
    (AP, 4/21/11)
2011        Apr 21, Italian automaker Fiat, closing in on its goal of taking a majority stake and full control of Chrysler LLC by the end of the year, announced a deal to buy another 16 percent share sooner than expected at a price of $1.3 billion.
    (AP, 4/21/11)
2011        Apr 21, A group of Japanese internet service providers started blocking access to child porn websites as part of efforts to crack down on the spread of sexually explicit images of children.
    (AFP, 4/21/11)
2011        Apr 21, Libyan government troops pounded the rebel-held city of Misrata overnight, undeterred by Western threats to step up military action against Muammar Gaddafi's forces. Mortar fire killed at least three rebels and wounded 17 in attacks on Tripoli Street. State television said NATO forces had struck the Khallat al-Farjan area of the capital Tripoli, killing seven people and wounding 18 others. Rebels overran a post on the Tunisian border, marking their first advance in weeks against Moamer Kadhafi's forces.
    (Reuters, 4/21/11)(AFP, 4/21/11)
2011        Apr 21, In Mexico prosecutors reported that further excavations at a vacant lot in the state capital of Durango yielded 11 more bodies, 10 men and one woman, in addition to 26 badly decomposed bodies found a day earlier.
    (AP, 4/21/11)
2011        Apr 21, Somali pirates captured an Italian cargo ship headed for Iran with 21 crew members on board, including 6 Italians and 15 Filipinos, in the Arabian Sea near Oman. The Rosalia D'Amato was released on Nov 25 after a ransom was dropped onto the ship.
    (AFP, 7/24/11)(AFP, 11/26/11)
2011        Apr 21, Sri Lankan authorities repudiated a UN report that said as many as 40,000 civilians were killed in the 2008-2009 military offensive against the Tamil Tigers, and that most of them were killed by indiscriminate shelling.
    (SFC, 4/22/11, p.A2)
2011        Apr 21, Rebels in south Sudan's oil-rich Unity state continued for a third day to attack southern army positions.
    (AP, 4/21/11)
2011        Apr 21, Syria's President Bashar Assad ratified an end to the country's 50-year-old state of emergency. The move was a formality after the government abolished the emergency laws two days ago.
    (AP, 4/21/11)
2011        Apr 21, Ugandan opposition leader Kizza Besigye was detained on charges relating to a fourth round of protests against high prices that left two police officers and one child dead. A Ugandan court on Aug. 9 dropped two cases against Besigye for his anti-government protests.
    (Reuters, 4/21/11)(AFP, 8/9/11)

2011        Apr 22, In Missouri a tornado tore through a terminal at St. Louis Lambert Airport, causing several injuries and sending people scurrying for shelter as plated glass shattered around them. Gov. Jay Nixon announced a state of emergency, allowing state agencies to assist communities with their emergency responses to the storm's aftermath.
    (AP, 4/23/11)
2011        Apr 22, Oregon motorcycle officer Chris Kilcullen (43) was fatally shot while chasing a fleeing driver. The female driver was arrested after a standoff with a SWAT team.
    (SSFC, 4/24/11, p.A11)
2011        Apr 22, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed five Afghan border policemen. An insurgent attack left one NATO service member dead in the east. Afghan forces killed eight insurgents in a gunbattle in the Pech Valley area of eastern Kunar province. A suicide attacker on foot detonated a vest packed with explosives at the entrance to a building used by education officials in Jayi Maydan district of Khost province. The bomber died in the attack and four people were wounded.
    (AP, 4/22/11)(AP, 4/23/11)
2011        Apr 22, Anglo-Australian miner Rio Tinto settled a long-running dispute over Guinea's huge Simandou iron ore field, with the West African nation agreeing to take a stake of up to 35 percent.
    (AP, 4/24/11)
2011        Apr 22, Physicians for Human Rights said at least 32 health care professionals in Bahrain have been detained since martial law was declared last month to quell anti-government demonstrations by the country's Shiite majority demanding greater freedoms and equal rights.
    (AP, 4/22/11)
2011        Apr 22, In Brazil gunmen killed Jorge Grando, an environmental activist, his brother and three friends.
    (AP, 4/24/11)
2011        Apr 22, Cambodia and Thailand exchanged artillery and gunfire for several hours in a flare-up of a long-running border dispute that left six soldiers killed.
    (AP, 4/22/11)
2011        Apr 22, In China truck drivers protested for a third day over rising fuel costs and fees, disrupting the flow of goods in Shanghai, China's busiest port city.
    (AP, 4/22/11)
2011        Apr 22, In southern Egypt tens of thousands, led by hard-line Islamists, protested the appointment of a Coptic Christian governor in Qena province.
    (AP, 4/22/11)
2011        Apr 22, Gambia said it wants the Libyan ambassador loyal to Moammar Gadhafi to leave and declared its support for the Benghazi-based rebel council.
    (AP, 4/22/11)
2011        Apr 22, The Hungarian Red Cross evacuated hundreds of Roma women and children from their homes because they were frightened of a far-right vigilante group that was setting up a training camp near their village.
    (AP, 4/22/11)
2011        Apr 22, In India an army helicopter went down in the state of Sikkim, killing four.
    (AP, 5/1/11)
2011        Apr 22, In southern Iraq two American soldiers were killed while conducting operations.
    (AP, 4/23/11)
2011        Apr 22, Ivory Coast President Alassane Ouattara ordered Gen. Ibrahim "IB" Coulibaly, who led two coups in Ivory Coast and commands the Invisible Commando force, to lay down arms or be forcibly disarmed. Coulibaly agreed but said it would take time to organize.
    (AP, 4/23/11)
2011        Apr 22, Japan announced a $49 billion special budget for areas devastated by last month's quake and tsunami and said it would extend an evacuation zone around a nuclear plant crippled by the disaster.
    (AP, 4/22/11)
2011        Apr 22, Libyan rebels wrested control of a downtown office building in Misrata which had been a base for Gaddafi's snipers and other troops, after a furious two-week-long battle. Rebels welcomed US plans to deploy unmanned aircraft. Two people were killed in NATO raids on the Zintan region.
    (AP, 4/22/11)(AFP, 4/25/11)
2011        Apr 22, Mexican authorities released another tally of corpses unearthed from pits in the northeastern state of Tamaulipas: 32 bodies discovered in the past week, bringing the monthly total to 177. A farmer opened fire on a crowd as they were leaving a church in the town of Los Pozos, Veracruz state, killing a woman and two children and wounding another minor. Farmer Leonardo Bautista Rivera later the same day in his home.
    (AP, 4/22/11)(AP, 4/23/11)
2011        Apr 22, In Morocco masked students with sticks and knives went on the rampage in a university campus in Rabat after a student from the disputed Western Sahara territory was stabbed to death. The clashes followed the deadly stabbing of student Abbad Hammad (25), from the Western Sahara, in a brawl the previous evening near the campus when Hammad got drunk and harassed a woman.
    (Reuters, 4/22/11)
2011        Apr 22, In northern Nigeria suspects detained in post-election violence have rioted at an overcrowded jail and more than a dozen of them escaped.
    (AFP, 4/23/11)
2011        Apr 22, In northwest Pakistan a US drone strike targeting Taliban killed 25 people including 20 militants, 3 children and 2 women, after 16 security forces died in an insurgent attack.
    (AFP, 4/22/11)(AP, 2/25/12)
2011        Apr 22, In the Philippines at least 21 people were missing and three confirmed dead after a night-time landslide ravaged a gold mining village in a mountainous area of Mindanao.
    (AP, 4/22/11)
2011        Apr 22, Syrian security forces fired live bullets and tear gas at tens of thousands of people shouting for freedom and democracy in several areas across the country. At least 109 people were killed in the clashes.
    (Reuters, 4/22/11)(AP, 4/23/11)(Reuters, 4/24/11)(SFC, 4/25/11, p.A3)
2011        Apr 22, Workers in Tajikistan began dismantling the 22.5-m (74-foot) Lenin monument in the city center of Khujand, once known as Leninabad in honor of the Soviet founder. The statue, built in 1974 to mark the 50th anniversary of the leader's death, was being moved a new location next to a war memorial on the western fringe of the city.
    (AP, 4/22/11)
2011        Apr 22, Yemeni authorities arrested several officers moving against military figures who defected from the camp of the country's embattled president to join the opposition. A sea of hundreds of thousands of anti-government protesters swelled along a five-lane boulevard reaching across Yemen's capital in the largest of two months of demonstrations.
    (AP, 4/22/11)

2011        Apr 23, In Texas sheriff’s deputy Clifton Taylor (34) was fatally shot after responding to a domestic disturbance call. Gunman Wesley Davis was killed in a subsequent shootout.
    (SFC, 4/25/11, p.A4)
2011        Apr 23, In eastern Afghanistan insurgents shot down a NATO helicopter in the Alasay district of Kapisa province where fighting has intensified. The only two crew members were recovered alive. One foreign service member was killed. Militants ambushed an Afghan police vehicle, killing 2 policemen and wounding 2 others in Dara Nur district of Nangarhar province. A roadside bomb killed 2 NATO service members. A gunman shot dead Abdul Zahir, deputy of the Helmand provincial peace council.
    (AP, 4/23/11)(AP, 4/24/11)
2011        Apr 23, Algerian police again stifled an attempt by pro-reform activists to rally against the government in what has become a weekly ritual.
    (AFP, 4/23/11)
2011        Apr 23, Bahrain’s main opposition party said that government authorities have demolished 16 mosques as part of a crackdown on Shiite dissent.
    (SSFC, 4/24/11, p.A6)
2011        Apr 23, In southern Brazil emergency workers said at least 10 people have been killed by landslides and other accidents caused by heavy rains.
    (Reuters, 4/23/11)
2011        Apr 23, A 2nd day of fighting between Cambodian and Thai troops killed at least four soldiers, bringing the two-day death toll to 11, the worst bloodshed since the United Nations called for a ceasefire in February.
    (AP, 4/23/11)
2011        Apr 23, Italian police arrested Francesco Campana (38), the alleged No. 1 boss of the organized crime syndicate based in Puglia, the region that makes up Italy’s boot-shaped heel.
    (AP, 4/23/11)
2011        Apr 23, In Japan former Sony president Norio Ohga (81), died. He served as president from 1982 to 1995 and led the evolution of the electronics manufacturer into a global entertainment empire covering music, movies and computer games. Ohga helped transform the music industry with the development of the compact disc format (1982).
    (AFP, 4/24/11)
2011        Apr 23, A Kurdish protester (28) died of gunshot wounds, becoming the tenth person killed in more than two months of rallies in Iraq's northern autonomous region. Hardi Farukh was wounded by a bullet to the head during demonstrations on April 18 in Sulaimaniyah.
    (AFP, 4/23/11)
2011        Apr 23, In Libya Kadhafi's regime gave its army an "ultimatum" to take Misrata but government troops retreated to the outskirts under rebel fire. The opposition claimed victory after officials in Tripoli decided to pull back forces following nearly two months of laying siege. At least 15 people were killed by booby-traps and in ambushes set up by Gaddafi brigades while withdrawing from Misrata. NATO air raids struck near a compound in the capital Tripoli where Kadhafi resides. The US carried out its first Predator drone strike in Libya. A US Predator drone destroyed a multiple rocket launcher in the Misrata area that was being used against civilians.
    (AFP, 4/23/11)(Reuters, 4/23/11)(AP, 4/24/11)
2011        Apr 23, In Mexico police in Acapulco said 4 women and a teenage girl have been found with their throats cut in the resort city. All appeared to have been connected to the same beauty parlor. A young man was shot to death in the lobby of a luxury hotel in Cabo San Lucas. Mexico City prosecutors said residents of the San Miguel Chapultepec neighborhood discovered a woman's upper body on one block and her left leg and right leg on two other blocks.
    (AP, 4/23/11)(AP, 4/24/11)
2011        Apr 23, Max van der Stoel (86), former Dutch human rights watchdog for Iraq and the first High Commissioner on National Minorities at the 54-nation Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), died.
    (AP, 4/24/11)
2011        Apr 23, In northern Nigeria at least two suspected bomb-makers were killed in a blast in Kaduna close to a residential neighborhood for members of local government.
    (Reuters, 4/23/11)
2011        Apr 23, Pakistan’s army chief Gen. Ashfaq Parvez Kayani said that his forces have broken the "backbone" of Islamist militants in the country. Hours later a suicide bomber on foot detonated his explosives alongside a convoy of soldiers and elders from an anti-Taliban militia in the town of Salarzai in the Bajur tribal region. The attack killed four of the militiamen and a paramilitary soldier. Pakistan suspended delivery of supplies to NATO troops in Afghanistan via its land border for three days as campaigners began a sit-in on the supply route over US drone attacks.
    (AP, 4/23/11)
2011        Apr 23, In South Sudan clashes broke out in the Canal area of northern Jonglei state as thousands of civilians fled fighting between rebels and south Sudan's army in oil-producing Unity state. In northern Jonglei state 57 gunmen led by Gabriel Tang were killed in a shoot-out with SPLA troops, before fleeing into the surrounding bush,
    (AP, 4/23/11)(AFP, 4/24/11)(AFP, 4/25/11)
2011        Apr 23, Syrian security forces fired on tens of thousands of mourners during funeral processions killing at least 12 people including 4 in Nawa. Two members of parliament from Deraa resigned in protest against the killing of protesters. The death toll from two days of violence reached 120. Rights campaigners said the death toll rose to around 350, with scores of missing since the demonstrations broke out on March 18.
    (AP, 4/23/11)(AFP, 4/23/11)(Reuters, 4/24/11)(SFC, 4/25/11, p.A3)
2011        Apr 23, Venezuela detained Joaquin Perez Becerra as he arrived in Caracas on an airline flight from Frankfurt, Germany. He was described him as an alleged member of the international front of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC).
    (AP, 4/24/11)
2011        Apr 23, Yemen’s Pres. Saleh agreed to the proposal for him to hand power to his vice president within 30 days of a deal being signed in exchange for immunity from prosecution for him and his sons.
    (AP, 4/24/11)

2011        Apr 24, In New Mexico Margaret Salcedo (48) was mauled to death by a pack of four pit bulls in the town of Truth or Consequences.
    (Reuters, 4/25/11)
2011        Apr 24, In New Mexico a small plane crashed in Heron Lake near the town of Chama. Police divers the next day recovered some human remains and bundles of cocaine.
    (SFC, 4/26/11, p.A4)
2011        Apr 24, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed a NATO service members. NATO confirmed that Afghan and coalition forces have killed three leaders of the Haqqani network, including Salih Khan, a senior Haqqani leader in Nadir Shah Kot district.
    (AP, 4/24/11)
2011        Apr 24, Sir Denis Mahon (b.1910), a renowned art collector and historian, died in London. He left his collection to the Art Fund charity with instructions it should be placed on display in specific venues in perpetuity.
    (Reuters, 2/20/13)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Denis_Mahon)
2011        Apr 24, Cambodian and Thai troops exchanged artillery fire in a third day of fighting that has killed 10 soldiers and uprooted thousands of villagers from their homes.
    (AP, 4/24/11)
2011        Apr 24, In India Hindu guru Sathya Sai Baba (b.1926), revered by millions worldwide, died after nearly a month of hospital treatment near his southern Indian ashram. Trust members found 98 kg (215.6 pounds) of gold, 307 kg of silver and 115 million rupees ($2.55 million) in cash afterwards in his private quarters. The treasure was recorded in the presence of two retired judges. On June 28 trustees offered to pay tax on the vast piles of cash and gold.
    (AP, 4/24/11)(Econ, 5/14/11, p.110)(AFP, 6/28/11)
2011        Apr 24, Iran and Iraq signed agreements to return each others' detainees, which could lead to the forced repatriation of an Iranian opposition group based in Iraq.
    (AP, 4/25/11)
2011        Apr 24, In Iraq a bomb exploded outside the entrance of a Baghdad church injuring at least 7 people.
    (AP, 4/24/11)
2011        Apr 24, Madame Ngo Dinh Nhu (bv.1924), the de facto First Lady of South Vietnam (1955-1963), died in Rome, Italy. In 2013 Monique Brinson Demery authored “Finding the Dragon lady: The Mystery of Vietnam’s Madame Nhu."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Madame_Nhu)(SSFC, 11/3/13, p.F5)
2011        Apr 24, In Japan thousands of people marched in Tokyo to demand an end to nuclear power and a switch to alternative energy after the crisis at an atomic plant hit by the March 11 earthquake and tsunami.
    (AFP, 4/24/11)
2011        Apr 24, Kuwait announced a pledge of "urgent humanitarian aid" to Libyan civilians, through the Transitional National Council of Libya. The pledge was later said to be $180 million.
    (AFP, 5/7/11)
2011        Apr 24, Libyan rebel fighters drove Moammar Gadhafi's forces to the edge of Misrata, taking control of the main hospital where government troops had been holed up. At least 28 people have been killed and 85 wounded by fighting in the city over the last 24 hours. Salvos of Grad rockets exploded In Misrata in apparent contradiction of Gadhafi's vow to halt fire there. Residents said 4 people were killed in the mountain town of Zintan, around 160 km (100 miles) southwest of Tripoli, by fire from Gaddafi's tanks and rockets.
    (AP, 4/24/11)(AFP, 4/24/11)(AP, 4/25/11)(AP, 4/25/11)
2011        Apr 24, Mexico’s Federal Competition Commission confirmed that it hit Telcel with a fine of 11.99 billion pesos ($1 billion) for charging competing networks sky-high connection fees.
    (Econ, 5/7/11, p.41)(http://tinyurl.com/6dft5fj)
2011        Apr 24, In Mexico a severed head was found on a street outside the central bus terminal in Zihuatanejo, Guerrero state.
    (AP, 4/24/11)
2011        Apr 24, In Morocco thousands of demonstrators marched peacefully in several cities to demand more democracy and social justice despite King Mohammed VI's concessions, including the release of political prisoners.
    (AFP, 4/24/11)
2011        Apr 24, Nigerian police said at least 11 recent college graduates who helped run polling stations as part of the country's national youth service corps have been killed in postelection violence in northern Nigeria and other female poll workers have been raped. A Nigerian human rights group said more than 500 people were killed in post-election violence last week in the mostly Muslim north.
    (AP, 4/24/11)(Reuters, 4/24/11)
2011        Apr 24, A Palestinian policeman opened fire at a group of Israelis who had come to pray at a Jewish holy site in the West Bank without authorization, killing one and wounding four. Hours later, Jewish settlers attacked Palestinian cars south of Nablus, setting fire to one after its passengers fled and stoning passing vehicles before Israeli soldiers dispersed them.
    (AP, 4/24/11)
2011        Apr 24, In South Africa the body of Noxolo Nogwaza (24) was found in a drainage ditch choked with trash and high reeds. The lesbian activist had been repeatedly stabbed with broken glass, and beaten so severely with chunks of concrete that her teeth had been knocked out.
    (AP, 5/10/11)(http://wherethegirlsgo.com/tag/noxolo-nogwaza/)
2011        Apr 24, South Sudan’s Brig. Malaak Ayuen, the head of the Southern Sudan's Army Information Department, said at least 115 people have died in violence between government forces and a rebel militia in Southern Sudan this week. Militia chief Gabriel Tang and around 1,300 of his men surrendered peacefully.
    (AP, 4/24/11)(AP, 4/25/11)
2011        Apr 24, Thousands of Syrians called for the overthrow of President Bashar al-Assad at a funeral for protesters killed by security forces in the southern town of Nawa. Syrian security forces detained dozens of opposition activists and others in raids. In Jableh army troops and police reportedly opened fire from rooftop positions even though no protest was in progress, killing one person and wounding several others.
    (Reuters, 4/24/11)(AP, 4/24/11)
2011        Apr 24, Turkmenistan culminated a weekend horse show with opening of the four new lavish race tracks. The country boasted around 3,000 Akhal-Teke horses, of which 500 are owned by the President Gurbanguli  Berdymukhamedov.
    (AP, 4/24/11)
2011        Apr 24, In Yemen thousands of anti-government protesters held their ground in the capital's Change Square despite the president's acceptance, a day earlier, of an Arab proposal to leave office under certain conditions after 32 years in power.
    (AP, 4/24/11)

2011        Apr 25, In Arkansas powerful storms caused flooding and a tornado that left 10 people dead.
    (SFC, 4/27/11, p.A8)
2011        Apr 25, In Oakland, Ca., a shooting at Sweet Jimmie’s restaurant killed Bill Jenkins (27) and Adam Williams. 4 others were wounded. On June 15 Clem Thompkins was arrested in connections with the killings. On Nov 21, 2013, gang members Clem Thompkins (25) and Lamar Fox (23) were convicted for the double murder.
    (SFC, 6/17/11, p.C3)(SFC, 11/22/13, p.D2)
2011        Apr 25, Abu Dhabi state news agency said five activists, including a blogger and an academic, were detained for "opposing the government" in the oil-rich Gulf country.
    (AP, 4/25/11)
2011        Apr 25, In southern Afghanistan some 488 Taliban fighters and commanders escaped overnight from a prison in Kandahar in an audacious jailbreak which the government admitted was a security "disaster." The Taliban later said 541 prisoners escaped including 106 military commanders.
    (AFP, 4/25/11)(SFC, 4/29/11, p.A5)
2011        Apr 25, Cambodian and Thai troops clashed with guns and artillery after almost a full-day break in fighting that has killed at least 12 people in four days and sent nearly 50,000 into evacuation centers.
    (Reuters, 4/25/11)
2011        Apr 25, Chad’s Pres. Idriss Deby Itno won nearly 84% of the vote in elections, which the opposition boycotted.
    (AFP, 8/8/11)
2011        Apr 25, Chinese oil refining giant Sinopec said it has demoted Lu Guangyu, a top executive, who bought 1.6 million yuan (148,463 pounds) of wine and spirits after details of the purchase leaked onto the Internet and sparked an uproar over extravagance at the state-owned firm.
    (Reuters, 4/25/11)
2011        Apr 25, In China an illegal garment shop in southern Beijing caught fire, killing 17 migrant workers and their family members who may not have been able to escape the four-story building because of bars on the windows.
    (AP, 4/25/11)
2011        Apr 25, In eastern Congo a boat owner said 72 people are missing after his boat capsized on Lake Kivu, possibly because of bad weather and high winds.
    (AP, 4/25/11)
2011        Apr 25, Dominican Rep. first lady Margarita Cedeno (45) said she will not run for the presidency just weeks after the ruling party cleared the way for her candidacy.
    (AP, 4/25/11)
2011        Apr 25, Egypt's premier suspended Emad Mikhail, a Christian governor linked to the ousted Mubarak regime, after his appointment sparked protests in restive Qena province.
    (AFP, 4/25/11)
2011        Apr 25, In El Salvador 3 suspected gang members climbed aboard a bus and shot television cameraman Alfredo Hurtado (41) to death as he rode to work.
    (AP, 4/26/11)
2011        Apr 25, Hungarian President Pal Schmitt formally signed the country's new constitution into law, despite heavy criticism from civil groups, rights organizations and opposition parties.
    (AFP, 4/25/11)
2011        Apr 25, Indian officials arrested the chief organizer of last year's Commonwealth Games and two other officials as part of a corruption investigation into the scandal-plagued competition in New Delhi.
    (AP, 4/25/11)
2011        Apr 25, A senior Iranian military official said Iran has been hit by a second computer virus, the Stars virus, suggesting it was part of a concerted campaign to undermine the country's disputed nuclear program.
    (AP, 4/25/11)
2011        Apr 25, Japan sent nearly 25,000 soldiers to recover bodies killed in last month’s earthquake and tsunami. Some 14,300 were confirmed dead with 12,000 still missing.
    (SFC, 4/25/11, p.A2)
2011        Apr 25, In Libya NATO forces flattened a building inside Muammar Gaddafi's Bab al-Aziziyah compound, in what a press official from Gaddafi's government said was an attempt on the Libyan leader's life. Refugees fleeing the Western Mountains told of heavy bombardment by Muammar Gaddafi's forces as they try to dislodge rebels in remote Berber towns.
    (AP, 4/25/11)(Reuters, 4/25/11)
2011        Apr 25, Mexican authorities said federal police rescued 51 people, including six Chinese and 18 Central American migrants, who were captive in Reynosa, the same border city where more than five dozen people were freed last week.
    (AP, 4/26/11)
2011        Apr 25, Mauritanian police arrested 20 people after hundreds demonstrated in the capital against the regime of President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz.
    (AP, 4/26/11)
2011        Apr 25, In northeastern Nigeria police said an explosion at a hotel killed three people and wounded 14 others only days before the state's gubernatorial election.
    (AP, 4/25/11)
2011        Apr 25, South Sudan’s army said at least 165 people have been killed in the past week in fighting between its army and militia. The UN said more than 800 civilians have been killed since January.
    (AP, 4/25/11)(SFC, 4/26/11, p.A2)  
2011        Apr 25, Syria sharply escalated its already deadly campaign to crush a five-week uprising, sending troops backed by tanks, snipers and knife-wielding security forces into Daraa where the rebellion began, killing at least 25 people. Syria sealed off its border with Jordan.
    (AP, 4/25/11)(AFP, 4/25/11)(Reuters, 4/26/11)(AFP, 4/27/11)
2011        Apr 25, In Yemen forces loyal to the embattled president attacked protesters calling for his ouster in Ibb and Bayda, injuring dozens. 2 people were killed and dozens wounded.
    (AP, 4/25/11)(SFC, 4/26/11, p.A3)
2011        Apr 25, In Zimbabwe thieves raided the offices and stole computer hard drives and the editor's laptop of NewsDay, an independent daily newspaper critical of President Mugabe.
    (AP, 4/27/11)

2011        Apr 26, Former US President Jimmy Carter and three other former heads of state embarked on a three-day mission to North Korea, where they plan to discuss dangerous food shortages and stalled nuclear disarmament talks.
    (AP, 4/26/11)
2011        Apr 26, SF Mayor Ed Lee named Capt. Greg Suhr (30), a local 30-year veteran, as the new police chief.
    (SFC, 4/27/11, p.A1)
2011        Apr 26, Phoebe Snow (b.1950), pop singer, died in New York. Her songs included “Poetry Man" (1975).
    (SFC, 4/27/11, p.C3)
2011        Apr 26, The Afghan government said its forces have recaptured at least 65 of the prisoners who escaped from Kandahar’s largest prison, as it scrambled to recover from the massive security breach that allowed 480 inmates to be spirited out in a stunning jailbreak.
    (AP, 4/26/11)
2011        Apr 26, Australian PM Julia Gillard, visiting China, raised a range of human rights concerns in talks with Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao, who denied China had taken a "backward step."
    (AFP, 4/26/11)
2011        Apr 26, Belgium marked the one year anniversary of not having a full government. Caretaker PM Yves Leterme said that up to 3 more months could be needed to form a coalition.
    (AP, 4/26/11)
2011        Apr 26, Cambodian and Thai troops fought with short-range rockets and guns near 900-year-old Preah Vihear temple, opening a second front in a five-day confrontation that has killed 13 people.
    (Reuters, 4/26/11)
2011        Apr 26, In Colombia 5 police officers were killed and two wounded when suspected leftist rebels attacked two police posts in different regions.
    (AP, 4/28/11)
2011        Apr 26, Congolese children's rights activist Murhabazi Namegabe was named winner of the $100,000 World Children's Prize for his efforts to protect children exploited by armed groups in the African country. The award foundation based in Mariefred, Sweden, cited Murhabazi's "dangerous struggle to free children forced to be child soldiers or sex slaves" in Congo.
    (AP, 4/26/11)
2011        Apr 26, French dairy giant Lactalis offered $5 billion (€3.4 billion) for Parmalat, Italy’s biggest manufacturer of milk products.
    (Econ, 5/7/11, p.70)
2011        Apr 26, Guatemalan authorities said police have arrested Waldemar Lorenzana Lima, a rancher sought by the US government on an extradition warrant for his alleged ties to Mexico's Sinaloa drug cartel.
    (AP, 4/26/11)
2011        Apr 26, An Indian court ordered the chief organizer of the scandal-tainted Delhi 2010 Commonwealth Games to be held in police custody over corruption allegations in awarding contracts.
    (AFP, 4/26/11)
2011        Apr 26, Japanese electronics and entertainment giant Sony unveiled its first tablet computers, codenamed S1 and S2, in a direct but belated challenge to Apple's iPad.
    (AFP, 4/26/11)
2011        Apr 26, In Libya late night NATO warplanes broke up an attack by pro-Gadhafi forces in Misrata.
    (AP, 4/27/11)
2011        Apr 26, Mexican authorities said security forces have unearthed six more bodies in Tamaulipas state where a drug gang is believed to be kidnapping passengers from buses and hiding their victims in secret graves. A total of 183 bodies have been discovered in a month in 40 graves. A different search over the last month in the capital of northwestern Durango state has yielded 96 bodies in two mass graves as of today.
    (AP, 4/26/11)
2011        Apr 26, The Transparency-Maroc (Morocco) Association called on all public institutions in the north African country to account for their spending and to accept inspections.
    (AP, 4/26/11)
2011        Apr 26, Nigeria voted for state governors, the last of three landmark elections that have triggered deadly unrest, as fresh bomb blasts jolted the northeastern city of Maiduguri. The presidential poll earlier this month left at least 500 people dead. A suspected Islamist sect member opened fire at a polling station in Maiduguri during voting, killing one person and wounding four.
    (AFP, 4/26/11)(AP, 4/26/11)(AFP, 4/27/11)
2011        Apr 26, In Pakistan Islamist militants bombed two navy buses taking employees to work in Karachi, killing 4 people in the streets of the country's largest city.
    (AP, 4/26/11)
2011        Apr 26, The Philippines-based Asian Development Bank said world food prices that surged 30 percent in the first two months of the year threaten to push millions of Asians into extreme poverty and cut economic growth.
    (AP, 4/26/11)
2011        Apr 26, A Puerto Rico jury convicted Angel Ayala Vazquez, once considered the top local drug dealer, of conspiracy to distribute cocaine, heroin and pills at public housing projects in the community of Bayamon. Also convicted was his brother, Luis Cruz Vazquez. On October 26 Ayala was sentenced to life in prison.
    (AP, 4/26/11)(AP, 10/26/11)
2011        Apr 26, In Syria gunfire reverberated in the southern city of Daraa where the dead still lay unclaimed in the streets a day after a brutal government crackdown on the popular revolt against President Bashar Assad. European governments urged Syria to end violence against demonstrators. Security forces shot dead at least 6 people.
    (AP, 4/26/11)(Reuters, 4/26/11)
2011        Apr 26, Thai authorities forced the closure of 13 anti-government radio stations in the biggest crackdown on dissident media since a state of emergency during street protests last year. Police said the stations broadcast illegal statements defaming the monarchy.
    (AP, 4/26/11)
2011        Apr 26, Turkey began to demolish the 100-foot "Peace and Brotherhood" monument near its eastern border dedicated to friendship with Armenia after PM Erdogan called it a "monstrosity." The statue was commissioned in 2006 to highlight friendship between Turkey and Armenia, two countries with a history of enmity and suspicion.
    (AFP, 4/26/11)
2011        Apr 26, It was reported that education authorities in Turkmenistan have abolished the requirement for school-leavers to take an exam on the two-volume Rukhnama (Book of the Soul), a rambling spiritual guide written by the country's late Pres. Saparmurat Niyazov.
    (AP, 4/26/11)
2011        Apr 26, Yemen's opposition parties said they will soon sign a deal mediated by neighboring Gulf countries for the president to step down, possibly defusing the months of deadly government protests across this impoverished country.
    (AP, 4/26/11)

2011        Apr 27, President Barack Obama produced a detailed Hawaii birth certificate in an extraordinary attempt to bury the issue of where he was born and confirm his legitimacy to hold office.
    (http://tinyurl.com/3fe52jg)
2011        Apr 27, Obama administration officials said Leon Panetta (72) would be named as the new US Sec. of Defense, Gen. David Petraeus would head the CIA and that Gen. John Allen would assume military command in Afghanistan.
    (SFC, 4/28/11, p.A1)
2011        Apr 27, US Fed Chairman Ben Bernanke held his inaugural post-policy meeting news conference. The Federal Reserve committed to keep interest rates low.
    (AFP, 4/28/11)
2011        Apr 27, The Indiana state House approved a bill to cut $3 million in federal money for the Planned Parenthood organization. The state Senate approved the bill earlier this month. Rep. Gov. Mitch Daniels signed the bill on May 10.
    (SFC, 4/28/11, p.A6)(SFC, 4/30/11, p.A7)(SFC, 5/11/11, p.A4)
2011        Apr 27, Dozens of tornadoes spawned by a powerful storm system wiped out neighborhoods across a wide swath of the South, killing at least 350 people in the deadliest outbreak in nearly 40 years. Alabama had 254 deaths, 34 in Mississippi, 34 in Tennessee, 15 in Georgia, 8 in Arkansas, 5 in Virginia and one in Kentucky.
    (AP, 4/28/11)(AP, 4/29/11)(AFP, 4/30/11)
2011        Apr 27, The Mississippi Emergency Management Agency reported three storm-related deaths overnight from severe weather that damaged homes, downed trees and power lines and sparked flash flooding in at least 23 counties across the state.
    (Reuters, 4/27/11)
2011        Apr 27, The city of Altoona, Pa., enacted a 60-day name change to "POM Wonderful Presents: The Greatest Movie Ever Sold," after the latest film by sarcastic documentarian Morgan Spurlock, in order to make some money and to help Spurlock make a point about the proliferation of advertising in American life.
    (AP, 4/27/11)
2011        Apr 27, Health products giant Johnson & Johnson said it will buy US-Swiss medical device maker Synthes Inc. for $21.3 billion, greatly increasing its share of the market for surgical trauma equipment and orthopedic implants.
    (AP, 4/27/11)
2011        Apr 27, In Afghanistan 8 American troops and a US contractor died after Afghan military pilot Ahmad Gul (48) opened fire during a meeting at Kabul airport.
    (AP, 4/27/11)
2011        Apr 27, In Australia University of Sydney officials said an anonymous American donor has given "Jeune fille endormie, a 1935 Pablo Picasso painting worth millions, to the university on the condition the school use proceeds from the painting's sale to fund scientific research. The portrait was donated last year.
    (AP, 4/27/11)
2011        Apr 27, In the Bahamas more than 100 people were left homeless after a fire wrecked a crowded shantytown on Abaco Island filled mostly with Haitian migrants.
    (AP, 4/29/11)
2011        Apr 27, In Belarus a Minsk court found Dmitry Bondarenko guilty of organizing a rally protesting election results last December that attracted some 50,000 people. He was sentenced to two years in prison for his part in organizing the rally.
    (AP, 4/27/11)
2011        Apr 27, In Costa Rica former Pres. Miguel Angel Rodriguez (b.1940) was sentenced to 5 years in prison on corruption charges. Rodriguez  served from 1998-2002 and was briefly Secretary General of the Organization of American States (OAS) in 2004.
    (SFC, 4/28/11, p.A2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Miguel_%C3%81ngel_Rodr%C3%ADguez)
2011        Apr 27, In Egypt masked gunmen blew up a natural gas terminal near the border with Israel, sending flames shooting into the air in the early hours of the morning and forcing the shutdown of the country's gas export pipeline to Israel and Jordan. Suspicion immediately fell on Sinai Bedouins angered by what they see as the neglect of their areas by the central government or Muslim militants opposed to the export of natural gas to Israel.
    (AP, 4/27/11)
2011        Apr 27, In southern Iraq a US soldier died in a non-combat related incident.
    (AP, 4/28/11)
2011        Apr 27, Ivory Coast renegade warlord Ibrahim "IB" Coulibaly (47), a two-time coup plotter who began the pro-democracy battle for Abidjan, was killed in fighting with one-time allies turned enemy. A commander for Defense Minister Guillaume Soro said Coulibaly appeared to have killed himself rather than surrender.
    (AP, 4/28/11)
2011        Apr 27, Ratings agency Standard & Poor's cut its outlook on Japan's sovereign debt following last month's quake-tsunami disaster and warned that reconstruction costs could pass $600 billion.
    (AFP, 4/27/11)
2011        Apr 27, Kenya's government said it is removing the tax on maize and wheat imports in a bid to cushion citizens from the effects of rising global food prices. PM Raila Odinga told parliament that the government also wants to remove all taxes on kerosene, the main fuel used for cooking.
    (AP, 4/27/11)
2011        Apr 27, Libya's tribes urged Moamer Kadhafi to cede power, as rebels backed by NATO air strikes said they forced the strongman's missiles out of range of the lifeline port of Misrata. Gaddafi forces fired Russian-made Grad missiles into the rebel-held town of Zintan. A NATO airstrike in Misrata reportedly killed 12 rebels.
    (AFP, 4/27/11)(Reuters, 4/27/11)(AP, 4/28/11)
2011        Apr 27, Mexico's Senate approved constitutional changes that would let lawmakers run for re-election and permit independents to seek office. Security forces exhumed eight more bodies from mass graves in Durango where drug gangs are believed to have buried their victims, bringing the total from a monthlong search to 104.
    (AP, 4/28/11)
2011        Apr 27, In North Korea former US president Jimmy Carter met with Kim Yong-Nam, North Korea's de facto head of state, during a peace mission to Pyongyang and said in a blog posting that the North seeks better ties with Washington. Travelling with Carter on this trip were former Finnish president Martti Ahtisaari, ex-Norwegian prime minister Gro Harlem Brundtland and former Irish president Mary Robinson.
    (AFP, 4/27/11)
2011        Apr 27, Rival Palestinian groups said they reached an agreement on reuniting their governments in the West Bank and Gaza after years of bitter infighting that weakened them politically and caused the deaths of hundreds in violent clashes and crackdowns since. Israel swiftly rejected the prospect.
    (AP, 4/27/11)
2011        Apr 27, Syrian troops tightened control over flashpoints of protest against President Bashar al-Assad, who faced growing international calls to end violence that a rights group said had killed over 450 people. The Syrian army sent more tanks and reinforcements into Daraa as part of a widening crackdown.
    (AP, 4/27/11)
2011        Apr 27, In Taiwan a popular tourist train overturned in the southern mountains, killing at least six Chinese visitors.
    (AP, 4/27/11)
2011        Apr 27, Tibetan exiles elected Lobsang Sangay (43), international law expert and Harvard academic, as their new prime minister. He will face the daunting task of assuming the political duties of a global icon, the Dalai Lama.
    (AFP, 4/27/11)
2011        Apr 27, Thailand pulled out of talks with Cambodia and deadly border clashes continued for a sixth day.
    (AP, 4/27/11)
2011        Apr 27, Turkey's PM Erdogan announced what he called a "crazy and magnificent" plan to build a new waterway to the Black Sea, to be completed by 2023, promising that the tanker-clogged Bosporus through Istanbul would soon be used for sports and boat trips.
    (AP, 4/27/11)
2011        Apr 27, Yemeni residents in scores of cities and towns across the nation launched a civil disobedience campaign to bring down the country's long-serving president. 12 protesters were killed in Sanaa.
    (AP, 4/27/11)(AP, 4/28/11)

2011        Apr 28, Pres. Obama declared a major disaster in Alabama. Declarations for Mississippi followed on Apr 29,  Georgia on Apr 30, and soon followed for Tennessee and Arkansas.
    (Econ, 5/7/11, p.28)
2011        Apr 28, Arizona Gov. Jan brewer signed a bill designating the colt Single-Action Army revolver as the state’s first official firearm. Brewer also signed a bill authorizing the construction of a fence along the state's portion of the US-Mexico border, either with other states or by itself. He also signed a bill approving special new license plates, including a “Don’t Tread On Me" slogan to commemorate the Tea Party.
    (SFC, 4/29/11, p.A7)(AP, 4/29/11)(SFC, 4/30/11, p.A6)
2011        Apr 28, The Christian Brothers in North America filed for bankruptcy becoming the 2nd Catholic order to do so because of sexual abuse claims.
    (SFC, 4/29/11, p.A7)
2011        Apr 28, Lightning hit Florida’s Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge during a severe drought and started a fire. By late July it had consumed 300,000 acres and was 70% contained. By late October costs to taxpayers reached $52.7 million and the fire continued to burn in the underground peat.
    (Econ, 7/23/11, p.29)(SFC, 10/29/11, p.A5)
2011        Apr 28, Exelon Corp., the largest operator of nuclear plants in the US, said it has agreed to buy Constellation Energy Group for about $7.9 billion in stock. This would add stakes in 5 reactors and make it the largest US electricity marketer.
    (SFC, 4/29/11, p.D3)
2011        Apr 28, Afghan authorities said 74 escapees had been recaptured and 2 more killed following the April 25 prison break.
    (SFC, 4/29/11, p.A5)
2011        Apr 28, A Bahraini military court convicted four Shiite protesters and sentenced them to death for the killing of two policemen during anti-government demonstrations last month. Three other Shiite activists were sentenced to life in prison for their role in the policemen's deaths.
    (AP, 4/28/11)
2011        Apr 28, Cambodia and Thailand called a ceasefire halting their bloodiest clashes in decades, after seven days of fighting left 15 dead and around 75,000 civilians displaced.
    (AFP, 4/28/11)
2011        Apr 28, China released 2010 census numbers indicating a total mainland population of 1.34 billion.
    (Econ, 5/7/11, p.43)
2011        Apr 28, Authorities in Colombia arrested Sen. Ivan Moreno, the brother of Bogota Mayor Samuel Moreno, on corruption charges for his alleged role in a bid-rigging scandal involving road construction.
    (AP, 4/28/11)
2011        Apr 28, Egypt's new foreign minister, Nabil al-Araby, said that the closure of the key Rafah border crossing with the Palestinian Gaza Strip was about to end, calling the decision to close the crossing "a disgusting matter" in an interview with Al-Jazeera.
    (AP, 4/29/11)
2011        Apr 28, France based Total SA announced plans to buy a 60% stake in SunPower Corp. of San Jose, Ca.
    (SFC, 4/29/11, p.D1)
2011        Apr 28, In northern Iraq a car bomb explosion killed a police officer and three of his guards in Hawija. A suicide bomber blew himself up in a Shiite mosque in Balad Ruz.
    (AP, 4/28/11)(SFC, 4/29/11, p.A2)
2011        Apr 28, Libyan government forces closed on rebel outposts, showering the western mountain city of Zintan with missiles and attacking insurgents holed up near the Tunisian border. Pro-Gaddafi forces also shelled rebel positions around the Dehiba-Wazin border crossing with Tunisia. 7 insurgents were killed overnight when a checkpoint in Misrata came under rocket and heavy artillery fire.
    (Reuters, 4/28/11)
2011        Apr 28, A Mauritania fishing boat shipwrecked off the coast leaving 12 sailors missing.
    (AP, 4/30/11)
2011        Apr 28, In Morocco a massive explosion ripped through the Argana café, popular among tourists in Marrakech, killing 16 people including 2 Canadians, 8 French citizens, 3 Moroccans, a Dutchman, a Portuguese, a Swiss and a British national. More than 20 people were wounded. The Al-Qaeda terror network was suspected of involvement. Another Swiss national died a week later raising the death toll to 17. In 2012 a court confirmed the death sentence for the ringleader, Adel al-Othmani, and changed the life sentence of his associate Hakim Dah into capital punishment. Six other defendants convicted of being associated with the bombing had their prison sentences of two and four years increased to 10 years. Only one defendant, Abdel-Fattah Dehaj, kept his two-year sentence.
    (AP, 4/29/11)(AP, 5/2/11)(AP, 5/6/11)(AP, 10/2/11)(AP, 3/10/12)
2011        Apr 28, Nigeria's ruling party won the delayed governorship elections in two northern states where hundreds died in rioting after a vote two weeks ago.
    (Reuters, 4/30/11)
2011        Apr 28, In Pakistan a roadside bomb set by Taliban militants killed 4 people in a bus carrying navy personnel in Karachi.
    (SFC, 4/29/11, p.A4)
2011        Apr 28, In Peru the leaders of Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru agreed to launch the Pacific Alliance in the declaration of Lima.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pacific_Alliance)(Econ., 3/14/15, p.39)
2011        Apr 28, In South Korea former US President Jimmy Carter said that North Korean leader Kim Jong Il wants direct talks with South Korea's leader, an offer unlikely to be accepted until Pyongyang takes responsibility for violence that killed 50 South Koreans last year.
    (AP, 4/28/11)
2011        Apr 28, Sudan’s President Omar al-Bashir warned that Khartoum will not recognize the new state of south Sudan when it declares independence in July if it insists on claiming the disputed Abyei region.
    (AFP, 4/28/11)
2011        Apr 28, Syrian tanks rolled into the northern port of Latakia, a key city in the heartland of Syria's ruling elite, and security forces opened fire on anti government demonstrators, while heavy shooting rang out again in the southern protest hotbed of Daraa.
    (AP, 4/28/11)
2011        Apr 28, The UN nuclear agency said for the first time that a target destroyed by Israeli warplanes in the Syrian desert five years ago was a covertly built nuclear reactor, countering assertions by Syria that it had no atomic secrets to hide.
    (AP, 4/28/11)
2011        Apr 28, Venezuelan authorities said inmates have taken 22 employees hostage at a prison to demand human rights guarantees and improved living conditions. The uprising inside El Rodeo prison began the previous day, when inmates complained of a tuberculosis outbreak inside the lockup.
    (AP, 4/29/11)
2011        Apr 28, In Yemen tens of thousands are rallying across the country, denouncing the killing of 12 protesters the previous day in the capital Sanaa and insisting the country's long-time ruler step down.
    (AP, 4/28/11)

2011        Apr 29, The US Federal Transit Administration determined that New Jersey must repay the federal government the entire $271 million it spent on early design and engineering work for a New Jersey - New York train tunnel that was scrapped by Gov. Chris Christie.
    (SFC, 4/30/11, p.A6)
2011        Apr 29, Benjamin Arellano Felix, one of the first Mexican drug kingpins to oversee mass shipments of cocaine, was extradited to the United States to face drug-trafficking charges. Benjamin was captured by the Mexican military in 2002 in central Mexico.
    (AP, 4/30/11)
2011        Apr 29, The state of Utah filed a lawsuit against the federal government over an Obama administration plan to make millions of acres of undeveloped land in the West eligible for federal wilderness protection.
    (AP, 4/29/11)
2011        Apr 29, In Australia a gunman killed three neighbors then shot a police officer in the face during a shootout and siege in the normally sleepy city of Adelaide.
    (AP, 4/29/11)
2011        Apr 29, Brazil's population climbed to more than 190.7 million people in 2010, according to initial results of the decennial census released by the country's official institute of geography and statistics.
    (AFP, 4/29/11)
2011        Apr 29, In London Kate Middleton married Prince William in a union that promised to revitalize the British monarchy.
    (AP, 4/29/11)
2011        Apr 29, In Northampton, England, university lecturer Jifeng Ding (46), his wife Helen Chui (47), and their daughters Xing (18) and Alice (12) were stabbed to death. Anxiang Du (53), a former business associate of the family who lived in Coventry, was named as the only suspect in the case shortly after the bodies were discovered. On July 7, 2012, a man believed to be Anxiang Du was arrested in Tangiers.
    (AFP, 7/8/12)
2011        Apr 29, Cambodian and Thai troops broke a brief cease-fire and clashed for an eighth day, shattering hopes of a quick end to a long-running border conflict that has forced nearly 100,000 villagers to flee. The death toll rose to 16.
    (AP, 4/29/11)
2011        Apr 29, An Egyptian soldier of the border guard unit was killed in an exchange of gunfire with tunnel smugglers near the border with Gaza.
    (AFP, 4/29/11)
2011        Apr 29, In Egypt at least 20 people drowned in the Nile while on a trip to visit the grave of a relative. 5 people were also missing after a minibus hired for the traditional graveyard visit slipped from the ferry that carried it across the river in Beni Suef province.
    (Reuters, 4/30/11)
2011        Apr 29, In Germany 3 suspected members of the al-Qaida terror organization were arrested. The suspects had been under surveillance since April 15.
    (AP, 4/29/11)
2011        Apr 29, In eastern India villagers protesting a noisy stone crushing plant burned to death its three owners and four employees in Orissa state's remote Bandaguda village.
    (AP, 4/30/11)
2011        Apr 29, In Iraq attacks around the country killed six people, including the 8-year-old daughter of an imam who preached against violence and three brothers who fought al-Qaida. In southern Iraq an American soldier was killed while conducting military operations.
    (AP, 4/29/11)(AP, 4/30/11)
2011        Apr 29, In Japan senior nuclear advisor Toshiso Kosako resigned saying the government was not adequately protecting the public from radiation.
    (SSFC, 5/1/11, p.A7)
2011        Apr 29, In Libya Moammar Gadhafi's forces holed up inside the airport in the key western city of Misrata have been shelling a civilian neighborhood around it. Rebels said at least two men died in the morning fighting. NATO warships intercepted several boats laying anti-shipping mines outside the harbor of Misrata. Forces loyal to Gaddafi fought a gun battle with Tunisian troops in a frontier town.
    (AP, 4/29/11)(Reuters, 4/29/11)
2011        Apr 29, Mexican federal police discovered a basement arsenal hidden behind the mirrors of a home gym in Ciudad Juarez that included three anti-aircraft guns, dozens of grenades, a grenade launcher, AK-47s and other high-powered weapons.
    (AP, 4/30/11)
2011        Apr 29, Philippines’s Pres. Benigno Aquino forced the resignation of ombudsman Merceditas Gutierrez, the state’s chief prosecutor of official corruption. She was accused of failing to prosecute cases of alleged corruption within the administration of former president Gloria Arroyo, who had appointed her.
    (Econ, 5/7/11, p.46)
2011        Apr 29, Thousands of Syrians called for the toppling of President Bashar al-Assad and pledged support for the city of Deraa where tanks and troops have tried to crush resistance to his authoritarian rule. At least 65 people were killed with 36 of the deaths in the Daraa province, 27 in the central Homs region, one in Latakia and another in the Damascus countryside. Tamer Mohammed al-Sharei (15) disappeared in Daraa. Activists on June 9 released video of his dead body and said he was tortured by security forces.
    (AP, 4/29/11)(AP, 4/30/11)(SFC, 6/10/11, p.A2)
2011        Apr 29, In Tunisia more than 800 prisoners escaped from prisons in Kasserine and Gafsa after fires were started in cells. Some 11,000 inmates have escaped since Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali fled into exile in January.
    (SFC, 4/30/11, p.A2)
2011        Apr 29, Ugandan army troops and police fired live bullets at rioting demonstrators, and at least two people were killed and 120 wounded in the largest anti-government protest in sub-Saharan Africa this year. Demonstrations over the last three weeks left eight people dead and wounded more than 250 others.
    (AP, 4/29/11)(AP, 5/1/11)
2011        Apr 29, Yemeni activists said police in plainclothes opened fire at protesters calling for President Ali Abdullah Saleh's ouster in the western port city of Hodeida ahead of mass demonstrations nationwide.
    (AP, 4/29/11)

2011        Apr 30, In Ohio Randle Lee Roberts II (27) died in a shootout about a half hour after a girl found the bodies of her relatives in a home near West Union. The dead included George Stephens (68), the grandfather of Roberts' wife. The others were Sonja Stephens (46), Kendra Stephens (34) and her 11-year-old daughter, Harley.
    (AP, 5/1/11)
2011        Apr 30, The Afghan Taliban announced the beginning of their spring military offensive against the US-led coalition.
    (AP, 4/30/11)
2011        Apr 30, Argentine writer Ernesto Sabato (b.1911), who led the government's probe of crimes committed by Argentina's dictatorship, died. His books included "One and the Universe" (1945), his first novel "The Tunnel" (1948), and "The Angel of Darkness" (1974).     
    (AP, 4/30/11)
2011        Apr 30, Benin held parliamentary elections. President Boni Yayi's allies won a majority of seats in parliament following the polls.
    (AFP, 5/6/11)
2011        Apr 30, Police in Burkina Faso said they will end their demonstrations. Some 1,000 demonstrators rallied in the capital to demand the departure of Pres. Blaise Compaore.
    (AP, 4/30/11)(SSFC, 5/1/11, p.A6)
2011        Apr 30, Troops from Cambodia and Thailand exchanged fire at the countries' contested border, marking the ninth straight day of clashes that have left at least 16 people dead and displaced nearly 100,000.
    (AP, 4/30/11)
2011        Apr 30, In Denmark the 900 residents of the Christiania hippie enclave in Copenhagen announced they had agreed in principle to a deal that will allow them to collectively buy the former naval base they first occupied four decades ago.
    (AP, 4/30/11)
2011        Apr 30, Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood, the country's best organized movement, announced the formation of a party to contest up to half of parliament's seats in a September election.
    (AFP, 4/30/11)
2011        Apr 30, India's premier Manmohan Singh urged the country's top police agency to investigate a series of corruption scandals embroiling his government "without fear or favor."
    (AFP, 4/30/11)
2011        Apr 30, In India a single-engine helicopter, carrying Arunachal Pradesh Chief Minister Dorjee Khandu (56), two other passengers and two pilots, disappeared in bad weather just 20 minutes after taking off from the Himalayan Buddhist retreat of Tawang for the state capital, Itanagar. Wreckage and bodies were found on May 4.
    (AP, 5/4/11)(AP, 5/1/11)
2011        Apr 30, Two Iraqi lawmakers said parliament has approved a $400 million settlement to Americans who claim they were abused by Saddam Hussein. A judge, his wife and daughter were killed when their house in Taji was blown up.
    (AP, 4/30/11)
2011        Apr 30, Laos held legislative elections that are expected to sweep in a younger generation of lawmakers but preserve the political status quo.
    (AP, 4/30/11)
2011        Apr 30, Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi said he was ready for a ceasefire and negotiations provided NATO "stop its planes," but he refused to give up power as rebels and Western powers demand. Rebels and NATO rejected the offer, as Gaddafi’s forces pressed an offensive against the key port city of Misrata. Gadhafi escaped a NATO missile strike in Tripoli, but his youngest son, Seif al-Arab (29), and three grandchildren under the age of 12 were killed. Gaddafi forces entered the towns of Jalu and Awlijah opened fire, killing at least five civilians and wounding more than 10.
    (Reuters, 4/30/11)(AFP, 4/30/11)(AP, 4/30/11)(Reuters, 5/1/11)
2011        Apr 30, In northwestern Pakistan a roadside bomb hit a minibus, killing two passengers and wounding nine others in the Kurram tribal region.
    (AP, 4/30/11)
2011        Apr 30, Syrian army troops backed by tanks and helicopters took a prominent mosque that had been controlled by residents in a besieged southern city, killing four people. Another six people were killed in separate incidents. 138 members of Assad's ruling Baath Party resigned to protest the crackdown. Troops and snipers killed six civilians as Syrians prepared to bury scores of people killed in a "day of rage", while the United States and EU imposed sanctions on Damascus.
    (AP, 4/30/11)(AFP, 4/30/11)(AP, 5/1/11)
2011        Apr 30, In Taiwan some 2,000 protesters demanded that the government scrap plans to operate a newly built nuclear power plant and turn the facility into a museum to highlight the dangers of nuclear power.
    (AP, 4/30/11)
2011        Apr 30, Two Thai troops died and nine were injured in bombings that struck the restive south.
    (AFP, 4/30/11)
2011        Apr 30, Yemeni forces with heavy weapons drove hundreds of anti-government protesters out of a square they had been camping for months in the southern city of Aden. Ali Abdullah Saleh, Yemen's leader of 32 years, told the GCC secretary general in a meeting in Sanaa that he had asked a senior aide to represent him in the signing ceremony in Riyadh.
    (AP, 4/30/11)(AP, 5/1/11)

2011        Apr, The American Navy successfully tested a prototype of its Maritime Laser. The device of just over 100 kilowatts integrated with a ship’s radar and other systems for use to destroy a target at sea.
    (Economist, 9/1/12, TQ p.12)
2011        Apr, Richmond, Ca., police officers Danny Harris (31) and Ray Thomas (34) quit following the report of an FBI probe regarding a security company they ran on the side. They had tried to frame their supervisor by having him lured into an extramarital affair and paid private investigator Christopher Butler $1,800 to create a video using a decoy. On March 7, 2012, Thomas admitted to his role in trying to thwart a federal grand jury’s inquiry into their business. On March 9 Harris pleaded guilty to buying firearms for young men at his security firm. On Aug 21 Harris was sentenced to 6 months in a half-way house. Thomas was sentenced to 6 months of home detention.
    (SFC, 2/29/12, p.C1)(SFC, 3/10/12, p.C2)(SFC, 8/22/12, p.C2)
2011        Apr, In Chad at least 30 elephants were poached this month.
    (Econ, 5/21/11, p.56)
2011        Apr, In Jamaica Chan Tesha Miller, the reputed Clansman leader, was sentenced to 15 years in prison after being convicted of robbery, assault and weapons possession.
    (AP, 12/22/11)
2011        Apr, Malawi President Mutharika signed for a $350 million grant with the US agency Millennium Challenge Corporation. On July 26 Millennium Challenge said it was "deeply concerned by recent events in Malawi and is placing an immediate hold on all program operations in order to review its partnership with Malawi."
    (AFP, 7/27/11)(AP, 7/27/11)
2011        Apr, In South Korea Kim Ou-joon founded his podcast “Naneun Ggomsuda" (I’m a sneaky trickster) with the express purpose of making fun of Pres. Lee Myung-bak.
    (Econ, 1/21/12, p.46)

2011        May 1, Jeffrey Hall, a regional leader of the National Socialist Movement, was shot to death in Riverside, Ca., by his son (10). In 2013 a judge convicted the boy of 2nd degree murder. In 2013 a judge ruled that the boy spend at least the next seven years in a state juvenile facility.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Murder_of_Jeff_Hall)(SFC, 1/15/13, p.A4)(SFC, 11/1/13, p.D5)
2011        May 1, Militants in Afghanistan killed at least 11 people in bombing and shooting attacks, the first day of the its announced spring offensive. In Kandahar, policemen receiving NATO-donated supplies including caps and protective eyewear drew guns and fought over the items, leaving one policeman dead and four wounded. President Hamid Karzai accused the Taliban of using a 12-year-old as a suicide bomber and sending him to carry out an attack that killed a local council member.
    (AP, 5/1/11)(Reuters, 5/1/11)
2011        May 1, Bahrain's chamber of commerce called on Gulf Arab nationals to boycott Iranian goods and halt financial transactions with Tehran, accusing it of interfering in the country's affairs.
    (Reuters, 5/1/11)
2011        May 1, The Bangladesh government published the 284-page probe report, with finance minister A.M.A Muhith vowing legal action against stock exchange manipulators. The benchmark Dhaka Stock Exchange General (DGEN) index hit a high of 8918.51 points on December 5 last year before plunging to around 5,200 points in two months, gutting hundreds of thousands of small investors.
    (AFP, 5/1/11)
2011        May 1, Britain’s Foreign Secretary William Hague said he was expelling the Libyan ambassador to London following attacks on British embassy premises in Tripoli blamed on Moamer Kadhafi's forces.
    (AFP, 5/1/11)
2011        May 1, A Cambodian soldier was killed in fighting with Thailand, bringing the total number of dead to 17 as the Southeast Asian nations' festering border conflict dragged on.
    (AP, 5/1/11)
2011        May 1, China’s Health Ministry's amended guidelines on the management of public places that now ban smoking in more venues like hotels and restaurants were implemented.
    (AP, 5/1/11)
2011        May 1, In northeastern China a fire at a hotel killed 11 people and injured 35, in Tonghua, an industrial city by the North Korean border. Arson was suspected at the hotel owned by the Nasdaq-listed Chinese budget chain Home Inns & Hotels Management Inc.
    (AFP, 5/1/11)(AP, 5/2/11)(AFP, 3/29/12)
2011        May 1, Hundreds of thousands of Cubans marched through Havana and other cities to mark May Day.
    (AP, 5/1/11)
2011        May 1, A French submarine probing 3,900 meters (12,800 feet) below the ocean's surface located and recovered the flight data recorder of Air France Flight 447, which crashed June 1, 2009, in a remote area of the mid-Atlantic.
    (AP, 5/1/11)
2011        May 1, Germany’s labor market opened to citizens of the eight east European countries the joined the EU in 2004.
    (Econ, 4/30/11, p.54)
2011        May 1, Israel's finance minister said Israel is suspending the transfer of Palestinian tax and customs fees to the Palestinian Authority (PA) until it is sure the money will not reach Hamas.
    (AFP, 5/1/11)
2011        May 1, In Japan Sony executives bowed in apology for a security breach in the company's PlayStation Network that caused the loss of personal data of some 77 million accounts on the online service. Sony suspected it was under attack by hackers starting April 17.
    (AP, 5/1/11)
2011        May 1, A seemingly endless flow of Libyans crossed into Tunisia from Libya at the Dehiba border post, a day after a record 5,000 refugees fled the conflict in their country.
    (AP, 5/2/11)
2011        May 1, Maldives police used tear gas and batons to break up a protest demanding that President Mohamad Nasheed step down. Dozens of people were injured and many were arrested.
    (AP, 5/1/11)
2011        May 1, In Morocco thousands marched in an umber of cities demanding a faster transition toward democracy and decrying terrorism.
    (SFC, 5/2/11, p.A2)
2011        May 1, In central Mozambique a US Peace Corps volunteer was raped at knife-point. On May 11 the US Congress opened hearings into the safety of the agency's volunteers worldwide. The program said more than 1,000 volunteers had been raped or sexually abused in the past decade and reported on allegations that the agency had mishandled sexual assault complaints.
    (AP, 5/11/11)
2011        May 1, Singapore shipper Glory Ship Management Pte. Ltd. said Somali pirates have likely hijacked the palm oil tanker MT Gemini and its 25-member crew off the coast of Kenya.
    (AP, 5/1/11)
2011        May 1, In Sri Lanka floods, mudslides and lightning killed seven people in the southern part of the country.
    (AP, 5/2/11)
2011        May 1, In Sudan tribal clashes over a land dispute in the oil-producing state of South Kordofan left at least 15 people dead. A heavily armed Sudanese military convoy entered the flashpoint border district of Abyei, sparking clashes that left up to 14 people dead. Neither the northern or southern armies are authorized to maintain troops in the disputed Abyei area.
    (AFP, 5/2/11)(AFP, 5/3/11)(AP, 5/4/11)
2011        May 1, Syrian army tanks shelled the old quarter of Daraa and rolled in more reinforcements to the area, which has been under siege for nearly a week. Syrian forces arrested more dissidents in Daraa and in a Damascus suburb under siege for a week. The death toll soared to 545 nationwide from government forces firing on demonstrators.
    (AP, 5/1/11)(AFP, 5/1/11)
2011        May 1, In Turkey activists flooded Istanbul‘s Taksim Square and marked international workers' day around the world with marches demanding more jobs, better working conditions and higher wages.
    (AP, 5/1/11)
2011        May 1, Pope Benedict XVI beatified Pope John Paul II before 1.5 million faithful in St. Peter's Square and surrounding streets, moving the beloved former pontiff one step closer to possible sainthood in one of the largest turnouts ever for a Vatican Mass.
    (AP, 5/1/11)
2011        May 1, A deal mediated by a Gulf bloc to end Yemen's political crisis was thrown into doubt by the country's leader saying he would not personally sign it.
    (AP, 5/1/11)

2011        May 2, The US Army corps. of Engineers exploded a section of the Mississippi River Birds Point levee in Missouri to protect the small town of Cairo, Ill. Water levels receded but a second, smaller section was detonated May 3 to allow water back into the river.
    (SFC, 5/3/11, p.AA4)(AP, 5/5/11)
2011        May 2, Authorities in Arizona found a 250-foot-long unfinished smuggling tunnel underneath the US-Mexico border containing electricity, water pumps and ventilation.
    (AP, 5/10/11)
2011        May 2, A twin engine cargo plane crashed near an airport in the Miami, Fl., area killing the pilot.
    (SFC, 5/3/11, p.AA4)
2011        May 2, In South Carolina Barnard Bailey (54), an unarmed black man, was shot and killed by Eutawville police officer Richard Combs. In 2014 Combs (38) was charged with murder.
    (http://tinyurl.com/q3getfv)(SFC, 12/5/14, p.A18)
2011        May 2, The Algerian press said security forces have arrested seven men, mainly Algerians and Moroccans, who are suspected of supporting Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb. Students and riot police fought pitch battles in Algiers, leaving more than 20 injured as protesters took to the streets demanding political change.
    (AFP, 5/2/11)(AFP, 5/3/11)
2011        May 2, Canadians voted in one of their most unpredictable parliamentary elections ever. The Conservatives stormed to a decisive victory, winning 54 percent of the seats in Parliament and securing a stable four-year term in power after vowing to focus on the economy. Green Party Leader Elizabeth May was elected to Parliament, marking the first time a member of the environmental party has won a federal election in North America.
    (Reuters, 5/2/11)(Reuters, 5/3/11)
2011        May 2, In CongoDRC at least 106 people were missing after an overloaded boat capsized overnight on the Kasai River.
    (Reuters, 5/3/11)(SFC, 5/3/11, p.AA2)
2011        May 2, In El Salvador Rene Emilio Ponce (64), an army general and former defense minister accused of ordering the 1989 killings of six Jesuit priests and two others during the country's civil war, died.
    (AP, 5/2/11)
2011        May 2, Greece's cash-strapped government promised to raise an additional euro11.8 billion ($17.5 billion) through 2013, with a crackdown on tax evasion.
    (AP, 5/2/11)
2011        May 2, A Honduran court dismissed the last two remaining charges against former President Manuel Zelaya, removing a key obstacle to his return to the country.
    (AP, 5/2/11)
2011        May 2, Israeli-based Teva Pharmaceutical said it will pay $6.8 billion to acquire Cephalon Inc.
    (SFC, 5/3/11, p.D2)
2011        May 2, Japan's parliament passed a $48 billion tsunami recovery budget that will only start to cover the cost of what was the most expensive disaster ever.
    (AP, 5/2/11)
2011        May 2, In Libya Gadhafi's forces used tanks to shell the besieged western town of Mis-rata, as rumors fueled fears that the Libyan leader was preparing to use chemical weapons. Shelling in Misrata killed 14 people.
    (AP, 5/2/11)(AFP, 5/3/11)
2011        May 2, Osama bin Laden (b.1957), the face of global terrorism and architect of the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks, was killed in an early morning firefight in Abbotabad, Pakistan, with elite American forces. Bin Laden was quickly buried at sea in a stunning finale to a furtive decade on the run. 3 adult males were also killed in the raid, including one of bin Laden's sons. One woman was killed when she was used as a shield by a male combatant. Courier Ibrahim Saeed Ahmed and his brother Abrar were among the dead. In 2012 former US Navy SEAL Matt Bissonette authored an account of the raid, “No Easy Day," under the pseudonym Mark Owen.
    (AP, 5/2/11)(SFC, 6/2/11, p.A4)(SFC, 8/30/12, p.A3)
2011        May 2, In Sudan former civil war foes faced off in polls to elect a new governor and regional assembly in the oil-producing northern state of South Kordofan, a key battleground in the conflict. Sudan's Islamist opposition leader Hassan al-Turabi, who helped slain Al-Qaeda mastermind Osama bin Laden settle in Khartoum in the 1990s, was freed after more than three months in jail.
    (AFP, 5/2/11)
2011        May 2, The Swiss government said it has identified potential assets belonging to Libya’s Moammar Khadafy and his entourage amounting to $415 million. Assets of $473 million were also found linked to Egypt’s Hosni Mubarak and $69 million to Tunisia’s Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali.
    (SFC, 5/3/11, p.AA2)
2011        May 2, Syrian troops conducted door-to-door raids in cities and towns across the nation, arresting scores of people in a campaign of intimidation aimed at crushing the six-week uprising against President Bashar Assad's authoritarian regime. Over 500 arrests were documented in Daraa since April 28 and another 300 in towns on the outskirts of Damascus.
    (AP, 5/2/11)(SFC, 5/3/11, p.AA3)
2011        May 2, The Vatican said in a statement that Pope Benedict XVI had "removed from pastoral care" Bishop William Morris of the Toowoomba diocese, west of Brisbane. Morris had called on the church to consider ordaining women and married men.
    (AP, 5/2/11)
2011        May 2, In Yemen thousands of protesters took to the streets across the country to press Pres. Saleh to step down. Police gunshots in Aden killed at least one bystander. At least 140 people have been killed in the government’s crackdown on protesters.
    (SFC, 5/3/11, p.AA2)

2011        May 3, US analysts scoured a trove of secrets grabbed from Osama bin Laden's fortified hideout for evidence of the slain terrorist's support network in Pakistan.
    (AFP, 5/3/11)
2011        May 3, The US Centers for Disease Control reported that nearly one in ten US children and one in 12 Americans of all ages have asthma.
    (SFC, 5/4/11, p.A7)
2011        May 3, Oklahoma City reported a record drought, the longest there since record keeping began in 1908.
    (SFC, 5/4/11, p.A6)
2011        May 3, In Texas Cary Kerr became the 13th condemned inmate to be put to death this year in the USA and the 1247th overall since the nation resumed executions on January 17, 1977. Texas used a new three-drug combination to execute Kerr for the 2001 rape and murder of Pamela Horton (34) in Haltom City near Fort Worth.
    (AP, 5/4/11)
2011        May 3, Jackie Cooper (b.1922), child actor turned director, died in Santa Monica, Ca. He had signed onto the “Our Gang" film series in 1929. His other films included “Skippy" (1931) and “Treasure Island" (1934). Cooper also played Daily Planet Editor Perry White in the 1970s and 1980s Superman Series with Christopher Reeve.
    (SFC, 5/5/11, p.C4)
2011        May 3, Afghan security forces killed and wounded 25 foreign fighters overnight after they crossed the border to Nuristan province from Pakistan.
    (AP, 5/3/11)
2011        May 3, The Arctic Monitory and Assessment Program (AMAP) reported that the ice of Greenland and the Arctic is melting faster than expected and could raise global sea levels by as much as five feet this century.
    (SFC, 5/4/11, p.A3)
2011        May 3, Bahrain’s justice minister said 24 doctors and 23, who treated injured anti-government protesters during months of unrest in the Gulf kingdom, have been charged with acts against the state and will be tried in a military court. Their prosecution began on June 6.
    (AP, 5/3/11)(AFP, 5/4/11)(SFC, 6/7/11, p.A2)
2011        May 3, Colombia's solicitor general suspended Bogota's Mayor Samuel Moreno from office for three months for alleged negligence in overseeing public contracts.
    (AP, 5/4/11)
2011        May 3, French investigators recovered the cockpit voice recorder from an Air France Flight 447 that plunged into the Atlantic Ocean on June 1, 2009, killing all 228 people on board.
    (AP, 5/3/11)
2011        May 3, Germany and several other countries launched a campaign to create a human rights logo that would serve as a universal symbol like the peace sign or a heart signifying love.
    (AP, 5/3/11)
2011        May 3, In Iraq a car bomb tore through a cafe packed with young men watching a football match in Baghdad, killing at least 16 people. Earlier in the day a police colonel in northern Iraq was killed by a roadside bomb.
    (AP, 5/4/11)
2011        May 3, Japan’s Nikkei newspaper said Israel's Teva Pharmaceutical Industries has decided to buy Japan's third-largest generic drug company Taiyo Pharmaceutical Industry for about $500 million.
    (AFP, 5/3/11)
2011        May 3, Italian anti-mafia prosecutors said that 80 Mafiosi from two prominent crime syndicates have been arrested in separate operations. 40 were arrested for association with the 'Ndrangheta crime syndicate in Calabria. Another 40 people in Naples were accused of trafficking drugs between Italy and Spain.
    (AP, 5/3/11)
2011        May 3, Kazakhstan ratified an agreement with the United States to allow the air transit of supplies and personnel destined for operations in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 5/3/11)
2011        May 3, Mexican police found a total of five decapitated bodies in the suburbs of Mexico City accompanied by written messages of the kind frequently left by drug gangs. Unidentified attackers shot Joel St. Tierre, a Canadian citizen, in the head on a street in the Benito Juarez district of Mexico City. Prosecutors in the northern state of Durango announced that six more sets of skeletal remains had been found in continuing excavations at mass graves, bringing the total number of bodies found in a month-long search of the sites to about 110.
    (AP, 5/4/11)(AFP, 5/11/11)
2011        May 3, In Mexico a gas explosion that ripped through a primitive, vertical-shaft coal mine trapping 14 miners in San Juan de Sabinas, Coahuila state. All 14 were killed. The last body was recovered on May 8.
    (AP, 5/4/11)(AP, 5/6/11)
2011        May 3, In central Nepal a crowded bus skidded off a mountain road, killing at least 12 people and injuring many others.
    (AP, 5/3/11)
2011        May 3, In New Zealand a tornado ripped across part of Auckland, upturning cars and sending debris slicing through the air. At least one person was killed and about 20 injured.
    (AP, 5/3/11)
2011        May 3, Pakistan's president acknowledged for the first time that his security forces were left out of a US operation to kill Osama bin Laden, but he did little to dispel questions over how the al Qaeda leader was able to live in comfort near Islamabad.
    (AP, 5/3/11)
2011        May 3, A top Palestinian negotiator said 15 smaller factions, including militant Islamic groups, have thrown their weight behind a reconciliation deal ending a four-year rift between the movement's main groups, Hamas and Fatah.
    (AP, 5/3/11)
2011        May 3, In Peru a group of gunmen accosted reporter Julio Castillo Narvaez (41) as he was leaving a Viru restaurant after lunch and shot him six times, then fled the scene. Narvaez, who headed the newscast at Radio Ollantay in the northern city of Viru, was a fierce critic of regional authorities.
    (AFP, 5/4/11)
2011        May 3, Portugal announced a bailout of 78 billion euros by the IMF, the EU and the European Central Bank to avoid default. The conditions as well as the key reaction of opposition parties remain unclear.
    (AFP, 5/4/11)
2011        May 3, Russia's domestic intelligence agency said it had established the guilt of Alexander Poteyev, a man Russian media have identified as the spymaster who betrayed a ring of agents operating in the United States last year.
    (Reuters, 5/3/11)
2011        May 3, The Church of Scientology said Russia's Justice Ministry has dropped 29 books and lectures by the movement's founder, L. Ron Hubbard, from its list of extremist literature. They had been banned in late April after a court in the Siberian city of Surgut found them "extremist."
    (AP, 5/3/11)
2011        May 3, Syrian security forces fired tear gas in the northern city of Aleppo to disperse hundreds of students rallying and calling for an end to Daraa's siege. Rights groups said at least 545 Syrians have been killed since the uprising began in Daraa.
    (AP, 5/4/11)
2011        May 3, In Thailand a cabinet meeting of Abhisit Vejjajiva’s administration approved 102 spending proposals totaling billions of dollars. Elections were soon expected.
    (Econ, 5/7/11, p.44)
2011        May 3, A UN report said the world’s population is growing and may hit 10.1 billion by the year 2100.
    (SFC, 5/4/11, p.A2)

2011        May 4, President Barack Obama declared parts of Kentucky, Mississippi and Tennessee as disaster areas due to flooding, freeing up federal aid to help those affected.
    (Reuters, 5/5/11)
2011        May 4, The US Interior Dept. declared wolves fully recovered in most of the Northern Rockies, opening the door for hunts in the Fall.
    (SFC, 5/5/11, p.A7)
2011        May 4, A San Ramon, Ca., police officer, Louis Lombardi (38), was arrested after he was linked to an ongoing probe into the theft of confiscated drugs. On Jan 26, 2012, Lombardi pleaded guilty to charges that he sold drugs with his commanding officer, stole jewelry and cash from crime scenes and possessed stolen guns.
    (SFC, 5/5/11, p.C1)(SFC, 1/27/12, p.C1)
2011        May 4, In Oklahoma Sandlin Matthews Smith was shot and killed after he pulled a gun on federal agents trying to arrest him. Smith faced federal charges in connection with the bombing of the Islamic Center of Northeast Florida last May.
    (SFC, 5/6/11, p.A8)
2011        May 4, In Texas Jacob Gonzalez (21) fatally shot three women riding with him in a car in Corpus Christi. Gonzalez fled on foot after his vehicle smashed into a pole and was tackled by a bystander.
    (SFC, 5/7/11, p.A4)
2011        May 4, Applied Materials said it has agreed to pay $4.9 billion for Varian Semiconductor Equipment Associates Inc.
    (SFC, 5/5/11, p.D2)
2011        May 4, Intel unveiled its new Ivy Bridge processor made with a 3-D manufacturing technique that increases chip performance as much as 37% while using less power.
    (SFC, 5/5/11, p.D3)
2011        May 4, Actress Mary Murphy (80) died of heart disease in Beverly Hills. She was discovered in a coffee shop and landed a role as the small-town wholesome girl opposite Marlon Brando in "The Wild One." Murphy had several roles in 1950s films, including "The Desperate Hours," "Beachhead," "A Man Alone," "Sitting Bull" and "The Mad Magician."
    (AP, 5/16/11)
2011        May 4, The Chinese Embassy in Oslo said Sino-Norwegian relations are "in difficulty" because the peace prize was given to "a Chinese criminal ... and the Norwegian government supported this wrong decision." Norwegian salmon exporters were having their fish held up for days or even weeks by Chinese food safety inspectors, devastating its freshness.
    (AP, 5/6/11)
2011        May 4, In Costa Rica Ohio teenager Caity Jones died in the Pacific Ocean when she was pulled by an undertow current. Two other students, on a school mission trip, were swept out with her. The body of James Smith was recovered the next day. The body of Kai Lamar was recovered on May 6.
    (AP, 5/5/11)(AP, 5/6/11)
2011        May 4, A Gervais beaked whale washed up on the southeastern coast of Puerto Rico. A necropsy of the whale found more than 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of twisted plastic inside its stomach.
    (AP, 5/7/11)
2011        May 4, In Egypt hundreds of diehard supporters of ousted president Hosni Mubarak clashed with his foes in central Cairo leaving dozens injured.
    (AFP, 5/5/11)
2011        May 4, The European Union said six Zimbabwean state-media journalists are on a sanctions list because they incite hatred in their reporting. The journalists who fiercely support President Robert Mugabe are among some 200 individuals linked to Mugabe's party who face banking and travel bans from the EU, the US and Britain.
    (AP, 5/4/11)
2011        May 4, New computer modeling showed that Japan's many language variants descended from a common ancestor some 2,182 years ago -- coinciding with the major wave of migration from the Korean Peninsula.
    (AP, 5/5/11)
2011        May 4, In Libya Gadhafi's forces shelled Zintan a rebel town and a key supply route, part of a push to crush stubborn resistance in the mountains of western Libya.
    (AP, 5/4/11)
2011        May 4, In western Nepal a bus veered off a mountain road, killing at least 16 people and injuring 20 others in the country's second serious bus accident in two days.
    (AP, 5/4/11)
2011        May 4, Rival Palestinian factions Fatah and Hamas proclaimed a landmark, Egyptian-mediated reconciliation pact signed in Cairo aimed at ending their bitter four-year rift. Hamas chief Khaled Meshaal said that his Islamist movement would work to achieve the "Palestinian national goal" of a sovereign state on the Gaza Strip and West Bank. Gaza's Hamas rulers executed a man convicted of collaborating with Israel. His execution was the 11th in Gaza since Hamas violently wrested control of the territory in June 2007.
    (AP, 5/4/11)(AFP, 5/4/11)(AP, 5/5/11)(Econ, 5/7/11, p.51)
2011        May 4, South Korean police said the body of a man with his hands and feet nailed to a wooden cross and a crown of thorns on his head has been found in an abandoned stone quarry in Mungyong.
    (AP, 5/4/11)
2011        May 4, A Turkish police officer was shot dead by unidentified assailants in the northern city of Kastamonu, where PM Tayyip Erdogan had been speaking earlier in the day.
    (Reuters, 5/4/11)
2011        May 4, In Uganda some 300 lawyers gathered in Kampala to protest the arrest of the country's top opposition leader and a crackdown on demonstrations.
    (AP, 5/4/11)   
2011        May 4, Ukrainian prosecutors said they have opened a criminal investigation against the former head of the Kiev Zoo, where hundreds of animals have died or gone mysteriously missing in recent years. Svitlana Berzina was suspected of embezzling some $47,000 (euro32,000) from the zoo by commissioning projects that weren't fully carried out, if at all. Berzina was fired last year after nearly one-half of the zoo's animals either died or disappeared.
    (AP, 5/4/11)
2011        May 4, The Vatican condemned former Canadian Bishop Raymond Lahey after he pleaded guilty to possession of child pornography and said it planned to take disciplinary action against him.
    (Reuters, 5/4/11)
2011        May 4, Vietnam’s central bank raised a key interest rate to 14% presented a package of commitments, titled Resolution II, to tighten money and credit. Consumer prices had risen 17.5% in the year to April. 
    (Econ, 5/7/11, p.79)
2011        May 4, In Yemen an explosion ripped through a military vehicle in Zinjibar killing 5 soldiers. 4 other civilians died in an ensuing firefight.
    (SFC, 5/5/11, p.A2)

2011        May 5, US Government engineers blew up a third section of a Mississippi River levee to manage flooding, as a wall of water roared down the nation's largest river system, threatening towns and cities all the way to the Gulf of Mexico.
    (Reuters, 5/5/11)
2011        May 5, Pima County, Ariz., police officers armed with SWAT gear and an armored personnel carrier raided at least four homes as part of an investigation into alleged marijuana trafficking. One of those homes belonged to Jose Guerena (26) and his wife, Vanessa Guerena. Guerena, a former Marine who served two tours of duty in Iraq, armed himself with his AR-15 rifle and told his wife and son to hide in a closet. As the officers entered, Guerena confronted them from the far end of a long, dark hallway. Police opened fire, releasing more than 70 rounds in about 7 seconds, at least 60 of which struck Guerena. He was pronounced dead a little over an hour later. Guerena had no prior criminal record, and the police found nothing illegal in his home. The safety on his gun was still activated when he was killed.
    (www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/05/25/jose-guerena-arizona-_n_867020.html?ncid=webmail)
2011        May 5, Indiana Gov. Mitch Daniels signed two bills into law establishing a statewide private school voucher program and expanding charter schools.
    (www.wsws.org/articles/2011/jun2011/indi-j02.shtml)(SFC, 8/29/11, p.A6)
2011        May 5, Michigan Gov. Rick Snyder appointed former GM executive Roy Roberts as the new emergency manager for Detroit Public Schools. Since 1977 the city’s schools enrollment dropped from 175,168 to 74,000.
    (SFC, 5/6/11, p.A8)
2011        May 5, A federal judge in Pennsylvania sentenced conman Donald Young (39) to nearly two decades in prison for a $23 million pyramid scheme.
    (SFC, 5/6/11, p.A8)
2011        May 5, Vermont’s legislature passed a bill outlining steps for a single-payer health system. Gov. Peter Shumlin was expected to soon sign the bill.
    (Econ, 5/14/11, p.40)
2011        May 5, In Afghanistan some 2,000 protesters gathered to criticize President Hamid Karzai's willingness to start peace talks with the Taliban. A roadside bomb killed a NATO service member in southern Afghanistan. In Baghlan province a torrential downpour flooded several districts, killing nine people.
    (AP, 5/5/11)(AP, 5/6/11)   
2011        May 5, Australian police said they have arrested four people and seized 239 kg (527 pounds) of methamphetamine, or ice, in the country's biggest bust of its kind.
    (AFP, 5/5/11)
2011        May 5, In Bolivia a plane monitoring the cultivation of coca went missing. Wreckage of the plane and the bodies of the two crew members and four UN workers was found on May 7.
    (AP, 5/7/11)
2011        May 5, Brazil's high court ruled that same-sex civil unions must be recognized, a decision welcomed as a watershed by gay activists who also hope it will cool rising violence against homosexuals in Latin America's most populous nation.
    (AP, 5/6/11)
2011        May 5, British voters looked set to reject a change in the way they elect their MPs as they cast their ballots in a national referendum that has threatened to tear the ruling coalition apart. British voters punished the Liberal Democrats for their role in a deficit-cutting government, deserting the party in local elections and almost certainly rejecting its efforts to reform the electoral system.
    (AFP, 5/5/11)(AP, 5/6/11)
2011        May 5, Chile's Supreme Court found six ex-navy officers guilty in the abduction and execution of a Chilean journalist one day after the coup that ushered in the 1973-1990 military dictatorship.
    (AFP, 5/5/11)
2011        May 5, China’s Xinhua News Agency said in a brief report that a Panama-registered cargo ship with 24 Chinese sailors was hijacked by seven pirates in the Arabian Sea.
    (AP, 5/5/11)
2011        May 5, A Cuban court sentenced Chilean revolutionary-turned-businessman Max Marambio, long a friend of Fidel Castro, to 20 years in prison for fraud and bribery following a trial in absentia. Communist Party newspaper Granma also said a 15-year sentence was handed down to Alejandro Roca Iglesias, who was removed as food minister in March 2009.
    (AP, 5/5/11)
2011        May 5, In Egypt former President Hosni Mubarak's top security official was convicted of corruption and money laundering and sentenced to 12 years in prison.
    (AP, 5/5/11)
2011        May 5, A German-Syrian man, Rami Makanesi, admitted in a Frankfurt court to belonging to a terrorist group and training in an al-Qaida paramilitary camp in Pakistan. He faced up to five years in prison under a plea deal.
    (AP, 5/5/11)
2011        May 5, In central Iraq a suicide car bomber rammed his explosive-packed vehicle into a barrier outside a police building in Hillah, killing at least 20 police officers and wounding dozens more. At least four other people were killed in scattered violence around the country.
    (AP, 5/5/11)
2011        May 5, In Italy an international meeting on Libya agreed to set up a new fund to aid Libyan rebels, with US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton promising Washington would tap frozen assets of Moamer Kadhafi's regime.
    (AFP, 5/5/11)
2011        May 5, In Libya NATO air strikes reportedly destroyed at least two helicopters near the town of Zintan as government forces transported them on trucks. Small helicopters flew over Misrata dropping mines into the harbor of Misrata. Rebels said the helicopters were marked with the Red Cross sign.
    (Reuters, 5/5/11)(AFP, 5/7/11)
2011        May 5, Mexican soldiers searching mass graves in the state capital of the northern state of Durango recovered 25 more bodies, bringing the total recovered there to at least 146.
    (AP, 5/5/11)
2011        May 5, In Mexico more than 600 people led by a Mexican poet Javier Sicilia, whose son was killed by suspected drug traffickers, set off on a march from the resort city of Cuernavaca to Mexico City to protest the country's unrelenting gang violence.
    (AP, 5/5/11)
2011        May 5, Morocco said 3 nationals have been arrested in the April 28 deadly bombing at the Argana café in Marrakech, including the main suspect Adel Othmani, a man with loyalties to al-Qaida who had attempted to travel to Iraq and Chechnya.
    (AP, 5/6/11)(AP, 8/18/11)
2011        May 5, Northern Ireland held elections. Early returns showed strong support for the two dominant pillars in Northern Ireland politics: the Protestants of the Democratic Unionists and the Catholics of Sinn Fein.
    (AP, 5/6/11)
2011        May 5, Pakistan detained Brigadier Ali Khan for links to a banned Islamist group, the highest-ranking serving officer arrested in a decade. He was detained over links to the banned Hizb-ul-Tahrir. The detention was not announced until June 21
    (Reuters, 6/21/11)(AP, 6/21/11)
2011        May 5, In the Philippines Arabani Jakiran (39) was arrested amid an intensified manhunt for al-Qaida-linked militants to pre-empt any possible revenge attacks for Osama Bin Laden's killing this week in Pakistan.
    (AP, 5/6/11)
2011        May 5, Officials said Portugal will get IMF loans at rates similar to those granted to Greece and Ireland, but Lisbon is still waiting for fellow European countries to decide how much they'll charge for their slice of a euro78 billion ($115 billion) bailout.
    (AP, 5/5/11)
2011        May 5, Scotland held parliamentary elections. The Scottish National Party, led by first minister Alex Salmond, won a historic majority in elections for the Scottish parliament, bringing an independence referendum a step closer.
    (AFP, 5/6/11)(Econ, 5/14/11, p.73)
2011        May 5, In South Africa Sheryl Cwele, the wife of the South African Cabinet minister in charge of intelligence, was convicted of dealing in illegal drugs. Cwele and her co-defendant faced a minimum of 15 years in prison for recruiting women to smuggle drugs from Turkey and South America.
    (AP, 5/5/11)
2011        May 5, The Syrian army said it has begun withdrawing from Daraa, a city at the heart of the country's uprising, but the regime expanded its crackdown elsewhere by deploying soldiers and arresting hundreds ahead of a fresh wave of anti-government protests. Syrian troops arrested 300 people in a Damascus suburb.
    (AP, 5/5/11)(AFP, 5/5/11)
2011        May 5, In Venezuela inmates at a prison near Caracas freed the prison director and 14 other hostages and ended an eight-day standoff over conditions at the jail.
    (AP, 5/5/11)
2011        May 5, Vietnamese officials said security forces have quashed a rare protest of hundreds of ethnic Hmong Christians calling for an independent state.
    (AP, 5/5/11)
2011        May 5, In Vietnam customs officials intercepted 661 pounds (300 kg) of smuggled African elephant tusks from Tanzania at a northern port city.
    (AP, 5/6/11)
2011        May 5, Yemeni security and tribal officials said a suspected US drone has fired a missile at a car in Shabwa province, killing two brothers thought to be al-Qaida militants.
    (AP, 5/5/11)

2011        May 6, Afghan police killed 10 militants in a gun battle in eastern Paktika province.
    (AP, 5/6/11)
2011        May 6, In Algeria a bomb struck a military convoy on a highway linking Jijel to Constantine, killing five soldiers and injuring five others. Journalist, Ahmed Nezar, was shot dead in his hometown of Baghlia.
    (AFP, 5/7/11)(Reuters, 5/7/11)
2011        May 6, Australia's Defense Ministry announced it will slash 1,000 civilian jobs as part of a belt-tightening exercise to bring the national budget back into surplus.
    (AFP, 5/6/11)   
2011        May 6, Brazilian federal police confirmed that 16 suspected members of a Serbian gang were arrested between May1-5 across the country. The crackdown concluded a two-year operation that resulted in 35 arrests, the seizure of 1,370 pounds (620 kilograms) of cocaine and the equivalent of $1.2 million.
    (AP, 5/7/11)
2011        May 6, Brazil’s Justice Minister Jose Eduardo Cardozo launched a disarmament campaign hoping to take more than 1 million guns off the streets by the end of the year.
    (AP, 5/7/11)
2011        May 6, The EU agreed to place sanctions on Syrian officials next week as it tries to halt a government crackdown against protesters.
    (AP, 5/6/11)
2011        May 6, France ordered 14 diplomats loyal to Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi to leave the country within 48 hours.
    (AP, 5/6/11)
2011        May 6, A Guinean government minister said at least 25 people have been killed and a mosque has been destroyed in fighting that took place earlier this week in Galapaye.
    (AP, 5/6/11)
2011        May 6, Nearly 800 Air India pilots demanding more pay ended their 10-day-old strike, which cost the state-run airline around 12 million rupees ($2.7 million) a day.
    (AP, 5/6/11)
2011        May 6, Commuters in Italy scrambled to find the few buses and subway trains running during a one-day general strike that also affected air and rail travel, banks, public offices and schools.
    (AP, 5/6/11)
2011        May 6, In Ivory Coast UN investigators headed to a soccer field in Yopougon believed to be the site of a new mass grave. 29 bodies were counted in the grave. A resident said that militants loyal to arrested strongman Laurent Gbagbo swept through the neighborhood amid celebrations over Gbagbo's April 11 arrest.
    (AP, 5/8/11)
2011        May 6, Japan's PM Naoto Kan ordered the suspension of operations at an ageing nuclear power plant southwest of Tokyo because it is located close to a dangerous tectonic faultline.
    (AP, 5/6/11)
2011        May 6, Kenyan authorities said they have seized the tusks of 58 elephants, totaling one ton of ivory, after sniffer dogs led investigators to containers at the country's main airport that were bound for Nigeria.
    (AP, 5/6/11)
2011        May 6, Moamer Kadhafi's regime reacted angrily to a NATO-led decision to provide funding to the three-month-old rebellion against his rule in Libya, describing as "piracy" plans to tap its assets frozen abroad.
    (AP, 5/6/11)
2011        May 6, A ship carrying up to 600 migrants trying to flee Libya sank off the coast of the North African country. At least three other boats that departed Libya in late March have disappeared, bringing to 800 the number of people believed to have perished at sea trying to reach European shores.
    (AP, 5/9/11)
2011        May 6, Mexico authorities said they recovered 11 more bodies at a series of mass grave pits in Durango, bringing the total number of bodies found in a monthlong search of the pits to at least 157. Cartel gunmen fired on a military convoy in Monterrey with a grenade launcher and hit a bus carrying employees of a US-owned assembly plant. One attacker was killed. Prosecutors said they have detained four local policemen, five Guatemalans and one Honduran in connection with mass kidnappings of migrants in the border city of Reynosa. Police captured Jose Zarco Cardenas (22) and an accomplice in Mexico City. He had recently begun heading drug operations in Morelos state for a gang that broke off from the Beltran Leyva cartel.
    (AP, 5/6/11)(SFC, 5/9/11, p.A2)
2011        May 6, In Nigeria polling opened in some parts of the state of Imo for a governorship election after irregularities marred a previous exercise. Attackers killed at least 16 people and set fire to more than a dozen houses in Tafawa Balewa, Bauchi state, a town that has been beset by years of sectarian violence.
    (AFP, 5/6/11)(Reuters, 5/7/11)
2011        May 6, In Pakistan a US drone attack targeted a vehicle and a compound in North Waziristan killing 16 people, including 10 Taliban militants. Hundreds of Pakistanis took to the streets in Abbottabad, Quetta, Multan and Peshawar cheering Osama bin Laden and shouting "death to America" to condemn a unilateral US raid on their soil that killed bin Laden. Assailants using rockets and guns attacked a group of people exercising at an open soccer field on the outskirts of Quetta, killing six of them and wounding 13.
    (AFP, 5/6/11)(AP, 5/6/11)(AP, 2/25/12)
2011        May 6, In Poland one miner and one rescuer were already confirmed dead after methane ignited some 2,700 feet (820 meters) underground at the Krupinski mine near Katowice. The body of a missing rescuer was found on May 12, bringing the death toll to 3.
    (AP, 5/12/11)
2011        May 6, Russia’s PM Vladimir Putin proposed creating a "broad popular front" ahead of Russia's parliamentary election, in an apparent attempt to counter growing public discontent with his political party and solidify support.
    (AP, 5/6/11)
2011        May 6, Spanish police searched for 22 African migrants missing in the Mediterranean Sea after a packed boat they were traveling in nearly sank.
    (AP, 5/6/11)
2011        May 6, Thousands of Syrians rallied on a "Day of Defiance" even as the regime of President Bashar al-Assad deployed tanks in at least three centers of an uprising against his autocratic rule. Security forces opened fire on protesters, killing at least 30 people, as thousands joined demonstrations across the country calling for an end to Assad's regime.
    (AFP, 5/6/11)(AP, 5/6/11)(AP, 5/7/11)
2011        May 6, In Togo 26 people died after their bus crashed. The victims were mainly merchants from Burkina Faso who were traveling to the Togolese capital for business.
    (AP, 5/6/11)
2011        May 6, In Venezuela authorities at a prison in western Tachira state found the bodies of eight inmates killed in what officials say is a conflict between rival gangs fighting for control of their cellblocks.
    (AP, 5/7/11)
2011        May 6, Hundreds of thousands of Yemenis flooded a boulevard on the western edge of the capital, releasing colorful balloons to press their demand for President Ali Abdullah Saleh to step down, while he denounced his opponents as "terrorists" in a speech to supporters nearby.
    (AP, 5/6/11)

2011        May 7, In Afghanistan the Taliban unleashed a wave of attacks on government targets in Kandahar city. At least 10 blasts, including seven suicide attacks, rocked the city as assaults spread to other sites including police stations and the office of the National Directorate of Security (NDS). Afghan intelligence service paraded five alleged suicide bombers from Pakistan, all boys in adolescence or even younger, before reporters, photographers and cameramen at a news conference in an effort to turn public opinion against the Taliban.
    (AFP, 5/7/11)(AFP, 5/8/11)(AP, 5/15/11)
2011        May 7, Australia’s PM Julia Gillard said Malaysia has agreed to take hundreds of asylum seekers who land in Australia illegally and called this "big blow" to people smugglers.
    (AFP, 5/7/11)
2011        May 7, Pirates robbed the chemical tanker MT Sea King and its 17 Filipino crewmen in the port of Benin's main city, Cotonou. Four days later Christopher Cortez Ceprado, a Filipino seafarer, was found dead on the ship.
    (www.filipinosabroad.com/?p=7134)
2011        May 7, Cambodia accused Thailand of invading its territory on the opening day of a summit of Southeast Asian leaders that was supposed to focus on plans to create a regional economic zone.
    (AFP, 5/7/11)
2011        May 7, Chinese farmer Liu Mingsuo came out and counted 80 burst watermelons. By the afternoon it was 100. Two days later he didn't bother to count anymore. Watermelons began bursting by the score in Jiangsu province, after farmers gave them overdoses of growth chemicals during wet weather. About 20 farmers were affected, losing up to 115 acres (45 hectares) of melon.
    (AP, 5/17/11)
2011        May 7, Ecuadoreans voted on 10 ballot questions proposed by leftist President Rafael Correa that could affect press freedom and the judiciary's independence. Five of the questions mandated constitutional change. The other five required congressional action. Two controversial questions from the referendum appeared to be headed for defeat.
    (AP, 5/7/11)(AP, 5/8/11)(Econ, 5/14/11, p.46)
2011        May 7, In Egypt 13 people died in clashes in a Cairo suburb sparked by unconfirmed suspicions that Christians had abducted a woman who converted to Islam. On May 9 authorities said they have arrested the "mastermind" behind the sectarian violence.
    (Reuters, 5/8/11)(AFP, 5/10/11)(SFC, 5/10/11, p.A2)
2011        May 7, Europe faced the specter of Greek calls for new financial aid as Athens' "catastrophic" finances returned to haunt stressed eurozone states, despite efforts to prevent panic. The Greek public deficit for 2010 was recently revised upwards, from 9.4 percent of gross domestic product to 10.5 percent.
    (AFP, 5/7/11)
2011        May 7, In Indonesia a passenger plane carrying 25 people plunged into the ocean as it approached an airport in bad weather in the eastern province of West Papua. There were no survivors.
    (AP, 5/7/11)(AP, 5/8/11)
2011        May 7, In Iraq thieves armed with guns fixed with silencers stormed a currency exchange company in Baqouba, killing five people, and detonated a bomb to fend off pursuing police. The assailants managed to make off with four billion Iraqi dinars, about $3.4 million. Nine people were wounded including four policemen when a sticky bomb attached to a civilian car exploded near a checkpoint in Baghdad's southern Dora area.
    (AP, 5/7/11)
2011        May 7, In Japan thousands of people rallied to demand a shift away from nuclear power after an earthquake and tsunami sparked the world's worst atomic crisis since Chernobyl a quarter-century ago.
    (AFP, 5/7/11)
2011        May 7, In Libya forces loyal to Moamer Kadhafi fired on the lifeline port in the besieged city of Misrata and hit several fuel depots.
    (AFP, 5/7/11)
2011        May 7, Prominent Pakistani lawmakers called for President Asif Ali Zardari and other senior government officials to resign after the American raid that killed Osama bin Laden and embarrassed the nation.
    (AP, 5/7/11)
2011        May 7, In Rwanda a bus crash outside the capital of Kigali left 16 passengers dead.
    (AFP, 5/8/11)
2011        May 7, Singapore held parliamentary elections. The long-time ruling party won an overwhelming parliamentary majority in the elections, but the opposition made historic gains after mounting its biggest challenge since independence in 1965.
    (AP, 5/7/11)
2011        May 7, In South Sudan militiamen, under the leadership of Philip Bepan, attacked the southern Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) in Unity state. They were chased away and went to Warrap state, where they attacked cattle camps the next day.
    (AFP, 5/10/11)
2011        May 7, Spanish-born Seve Ballesteros (b.1957), Europe’s greatest golfer, died of brain cancer.
    (Econ, 5/21/11, p.90)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seve_Ballesteros)
2011        May 7, Syrian tanks rolled into the Mediterranean coastal town of Banias in an escalating crackdown by President Bashar Assad. Rights groups said more than 580 civilians and 100 soldiers have been killed since the revolt began.
    (AP, 5/7/11)
2011        May 7, In Thailand militants detonated a homemade bomb near a football field in Pattani province, killing four policemen and wounding a dozen others who had come to play a friendly match with villagers. In Yala province insurgents set off a roadside bomb and shot at an army patrol, killing three soldiers and wounding two. In Narathiwat province two men on a motorcycle fatally shot a former local official in his pickup truck.
    (AP, 5/7/11)
2011        May 7, Tunisia's caretaker government has ordered an overnight curfew for the capital and nearby areas, following three days of renewed protests over fears that the country's efforts at democracy are in jeopardy.
    (AP, 5/7/11)
2011        May 7, In Yemen residents in several cities, including Aden, Saada and Hodeida, observed a one-day shutdown of offices and businesses as part of a civil disobedience campaign called by the opposition to pressure President Ali Abdullah Saleh to step down. One protester was killed in the town of al-Maafir, Taiz province.
    (AP, 5/7/11)(SSFC, 5/8/11, p.A5)

2011        May 8, In Afghanistan gunfire rang out through Kandahar after government troops fought running battles with Taliban fighters, the second day of fighting since scores of insurgents launched waves of attacks on key government and police targets. The fighting left 23 attackers killed as well as two members of the security forces. Nearly all the insurgents killed so far had escaped late last month from Kandahar city's main Sarposa prison. NATO said it had seized more than six tons of hashish during an operations against insurgents in Kandahar province's Panjwai and Zhari district.
    (Reuters, 5/8/11)(AP, 5/8/11)
2011        May 8, Bahrain's state news said the Sunni king has ordered a state of emergency to be lifted from June 1, after imposing it in mid-March following weeks of Shi'ite-led street protests in the Gulf Arab kingdom. Opposition leaders appeared in a military court charged as part of a group of 21 with forming a terrorist organization and attempting to overthrow the monarchy.
    (Reuters, 5/8/11)(AFP, 5/8/11)
2011        May 8, Cuban dissident Juan Wilfredo Soto (46) died in Santa Clara. He was detained May 5 during an anti-government protest. Government opponents accused police of beating him and provoking his death. A medical examiner and relatives of a late Cuban dissident later concluded that Soto died of natural causes and showed no signs of being beaten.
    (AP, 5/8/11)(AP, 5/12/11)
2011        May 8, In Dagestan a Russian officer and three rebels were killed when police discovered an encampment in the woods near Chechnya. Police reported that an insurgent was killed and two others detained in an operation in the city of Astrakhan in the Volga delta.
    (AP, 5/8/11)
2011        May 8, Egypt's army said that 190 people would be tried in military courts over sectarian violence a day earlier that left 13 people dead.
    (Reuters, 5/8/11)(SFC, 5/10/11, p.A2)
2011        May 8, Haitian lawmakers amended an article in the old constitution to do away with a law banning dual nationality. It would become official after it is published in The Monitor, a government publication.
    (AP, 5/9/11)
2011        May 8, Iran's Bushehr nuclear power station began operating at a low level in a crucial step toward bringing it online.
    (Reuters, 5/10/11)
2011        May 8, In Iraq Abu Huthaifa al-Battawi, the man accused of masterminding an attack on a Baghdad church last year, wrestled a gun from a guard at a detention facility, freed his comrades and launched an hours-long assault that ended with 17 people dead, including a top counterterrorism officer. A group of the detainees, including al-Battawi, managed to seize a car and were driving toward the gate of the compound when a guard opened killed them with a machine gun.
    (AP, 5/8/11)
2011        May 8, In Kenya four children were killed and one seriously injured after playing with unexploded ordnance they found near a military training ground near the village of Ole Maroroi.
    (AP, 5/8/11)
2011        May 8, In Libya intense fighting erupted near Misrata as smoke billowed from fuel depots bombed by regime forces laying siege to the lifeline port city where rebels awaited arms from Italy.
    (AFP, 5/8/11)
2011        May 8, In Mexico an anti-violence march that began in a central state with a few hundred people and gathered thousands over a four-day trek reached Mexico City, led by a poet whose son was killed by suspected drug traffickers. One marine and 12 suspected gunmen of the Zetas drug cartel were killed in a gun battle on Falcon Lake in the northeastern state of Tamaulipas. The decapitated bodies of 11 men were found in two places in Durango, bringing the rapidly mounting toll to 179.
    (AP, 5/8/11)(AP, 5/10/11)
2011        May 8, In Morocco thousands of protesters marched to demand reform in the Arab world's longest-serving dynasty and to oppose militant violence after a deadly bomb attack.
    (Reuters, 5/8/11)
2011        May 8, In Mozambique Vale, the Brazilian mining giant, opened a new $1.7 billion coal mine, tapping the southern African country's thermal and coking coal reserves of around 23 billion tons.
    (AFP, 5/8/11)
2011        May 8, Nigeria's opposition Congress for Progressive Change party asked a court to nullify the election of Pres. Goodluck Jonathan because of alleged irregularities in some areas.
    (AFP, 5/8/11)
2011        May 8, In the Philippines a police intelligence unit arrested Asdatul Sahirun, a suspected member of the Abu Sayyaf extremist movement, at a shopping mall in the Manila’s Malate tourist district.
    (AP, 5/8/11)
2011        May 8, In the Philippines tropical storm Aere slammed into the eastern coast, bringing heavy rains and landslides. At least 22 people were left dead and thousands forced to leave their homes.
    (AFP, 5/8/11)(AP, 5/10/11)
2011        May 8, North and south Sudan agreed to start withdrawing unauthorized troops from the flashpoint Abyei border region, a week after clashes there left 14 people dead. The pullout would begin May 10 and be completed within a week.
    (AFP, 5/9/11)
2011        May 8, In Southern Sudan rebels attacked cattle herders. 38 militia were killed in the village of Nadiet. SPLA spokesman Philip Aguer said 34 of those killed were civilians.
    (AP, 5/10/11)(AP, 5/12/11)
2011        May 8, In Syria a 12-year-old boy was killed as gunfire and shelling erupted in the central city of Homs. An activist said the two-day death toll in Banias had risen to six. State-run SANA said authorities have seized sophisticated weapons and that the army is still hunting down "armed terrorist groups" across the country, including in Banias.
    (AP, 5/8/11)
2011        May 8, In Togo seven boats capsized in a storm on lake Togo, leaving at least 36 people dead.
    (AFP, 5/9/11)
2011        May 8, In Venezuela the director of a municipal police force and his son were slain in the western part of the country. Investigators believed the criminals began shooting during an attempt to steal the officer's vehicle.
    (AP, 5/8/11)
2011        May 8, Yemeni security forces backed by army units opened fire on protesters demanding the ouster of the longtime President Ali Abdullah Saleh. One protester was killed in the western port of Hodeida, and two were killed in the southern city of Taiz.
    (AP, 5/8/11)

2011        May 9, Former California Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger and wife Maria Shriver announced their separation, cleaving a sometimes-turbulent 25-year relationship. On May 17 Schwarzenegger acknowledged that he had fathered a child with a member of his household staff over a decade ago.
    (AP, 5/10/11)(AP, 5/17/11)
2011        May 9, In New York two small planes collided near New Hampton killing two people. Both planes were registered to men from New Jersey.
    (SFC, 5/10/11, p.A6)
2011        May 9, Abu Dhabi donated US$32 million dollars to Queensland to help protect the Australian state from cyclones in the wake of a monster storm that hit in February.
    (AFP, 5/9/11)
2011        May 9, In southern Afghanistan 2 NATO service members were killed by roadside bombs.
    (AP, 5/10/11)
2011        May 9, In Australia organizers of the Sydney Writers' Festival said Chinese authorities have barred dissident writer Liao Yiwu from traveling to Australia for a festival for "security reasons" and advised him against publishing his works abroad.
    (AFP, 5/9/11)
2011        May 9, An Austrian court approved the extradition of former Croatian PM Ivo Sanader to his homeland where he is suspected of corruption while in office.
    (AP, 5/9/11)
2011        May 9, Lidia Gueiler (b.1921), former Bolivian president and the second woman to lead a Latin American nation, died. She served as president of Bolivia when she held the post for about eight months in 1979-80 between coup d'etats.
    (AP, 5/10/11)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lidia_Gueiler_Tejada)
2011        May 9, In Canada the provincial government of Manitoba said breaking dikes on the flooded Assiniboine River on May 11 at a spot west of Winnipeg will unleash a torrent of water that will swamp 225 square km of land. Manitoba pushed back the timing of the planned break to May 12 afternoon as residents scrambled to protect themselves from a deliberate flood of a vast area of farmland.
    (Reuters, 5/10/11)(Reuters, 5/12/11)
2011        May 9, A Chilean government commission approved a $7 billion project to dam, two rivers for electrification, despite much opposition. 5 dams were approved on the Baker and Pascua rivers in Aysen, southern Patagonia.
    (SFC, 5/10/11, p.A4)
2011        May 9, Colombia extradited Walid Makled to Venezuela to face drug smuggling and murder charges.
    (SFC, 5/10/11, p.A2)
2011        May 9, Egyptian authorities detained 23 more people in connection with recent clashes between Muslims and Christians, including two people suspected of sparking riots over the weekend that left a Cairo church torched and 13 people dead. Hundreds of Christians continued their sit-in outside Egypt's state TV building, saying they fear an Islamic state is in the making.
    (AP, 5/9/11)(SFC, 5/10/11, p.A2)
2011        May 9, The Gambian high court granted an application allowing the government to seize millions of dollars worth of Libyan assets "until a government recognized by the United Nations is in place in Libya."
    (AFP, 5/9/11)
2011        May 9, A Guatemalan court acquitted former president Alfonso Portillo on charges of embezzling $15 million in defense funds during his 2000-2004 term of office. He remained in prison facing an extradition request from the United States, on charges of embezzling $1.5 million in foreign donations.
    (AP, 5/10/11)
2011        May 9, India's top court suspended a ruling that divided between Hindus and Muslims the Babri Mosque holy site in northern India that had been the cause of deadly riots.
    (AP, 5/9/11)
2011        May 9, The operator of Japan's ageing Hamaoka nuclear plant, located near a tectonic faultline southwest of Tokyo, said it would temporarily shut down its last two running reactors.
    (AP, 5/9/11)
2011        May 9, In Libya NATO planes pounded government weapons depots southeast of the town of Zintan, in a sign of widening conflict in the Western Mountains region as rebels battled to unseat Muammar Gaddafi. Rebels were reported to have found a way to access badly needed cash, selling oil worth $100 million paid for through a Qatari bank in US dollars.
    (Reuters, 5/9/11)
2011        May 9, Malaysian police said they have arrested Abdul Majid Kunji Mohamad, a Singaporean businessman, suspected of channeling funds to southern Philippine militants.
    (AP, 5/9/11)
2011        May 9, Mexican public defenders said a group of Central American migrants recently rescued from kidnappers in northern Mexico has accused immigration agents of pulling them from a bus and handing them over to criminal gangs. In April the federal government had announced the arrest of six immigration agents in Tamaulipas for "federal crimes."
    (AP, 5/10/11)
2011        May 9, Pakistan met US demands for an inquiry into how Osama bin Laden lived for years under the noses of its military but refused to be blamed alone for Al-Qaeda or its mastermind. Pakistan’s spy agency gave the name of the CIA station chief to the Nation, a conservative daily newspaper.
    (AFP, 5/9/11)(SFC, 5/10/11, p.A3)
2011        May 9, The Palestinian Authority said it had not been able to pay salaries for the first time since 2007 because of Israel's decision to halt the transfer of funds it collects on its behalf.
    (Reuters, 5/9/11)
2011        May 9, A Philippine anti-graft court approved a much-criticized plea bargain deal between prosecutors and former Maj. Gen. Carlos Garcia, who was accused of plunder. Garcia had pleaded guilty to the lesser charges of direct bribery and facilitating money laundering. He was released on bail in December pending sentencing on the lesser charges.
    (AP, 5/9/11)
2011        May 9, It was reported that Samoa plans to leap 24 hours into the future, erasing a day and putting a new kink in the Pacific's jagged international date line so that it can be on the same weekday as Australia, New Zealand and eastern Asia.
    (AP, 5/9/11)
2011        May 9, Serbia’s High Court ruled that folksinger Svetlana Raznatovic known as Ceca will spend one year under house arrest in exchange for a euro1.5-million ($2.2-million) fine. Raznatovic pleaded guilty on charges that she embezzled about euro4 million in the sale of 10 football players to foreign clubs from a Belgrade team she managed in the early 2000s.
    (AP, 5/9/11)
2011        May 9, In Southern Sudan 46 militia were killed in fighting in Kuei Koi.  Most of the dead killed over the last 2 days were rebels loyal to Peter Gadet, a formerly high-ranking army officer who launched his own rebel group.
    (AP, 5/11/11)(AP, 5/12/11)
2011        May 9, Syrian security forces arrested hundreds of activists and anti-government protesters in house-to-house raids across the country, part of an escalating government crackdown aimed at stamping out the nationwide revolt engulfing the country.
    (AP, 5/9/11)
2011        May 9, Thailand's PM Abhisit Vejjajiva announced that he is dissolving the lower house of Parliament to hold early elections July 3, setting off a political battle that could inflame tensions in the divided nation.
    (AP, 5/9/11)
2011        May 9, In Turkey a five-day UN-backed conference of the 48-member "least-developed countries" opened to address the problems of the world's poorest countries. The last such conference was hosted by the EU in Brussels in 2001. France hosted the two previous ones in 1990 and 1981.
    (AP, 5/9/11)
2011        May 9, In Uganda hundreds of women demonstrated in Kampala over high food prices and brutal tactics employed by police during recent political rallies.
    (AP, 5/9/11)
2011        May 9, Yemeni security forces opened fire on demonstrators and launched rocket-propelled grenades at an office building as they cracked down on a protest in the flashpoint city of Taiz in the country's south. Three people were reported killed.
    (AP, 5/9/11)

2011        May 10, Microsoft announced an $8.5 billion deal to acquire Skype, an Internet voice and video communications company.
    (SFC, 5/11/11, p.A1)
2011        May 10, In San Jose, Ca., 3 people were killed in a burst of gunfire at parking garage at San Jose State Univ.
    (SFC, 5/12/11, p.C2)
2011        May 10, The Mississippi River crested at Memphis, Tenn., at nearly 48 feet, just inches short of the 48.7 feet record set in 1937. Vicksburg was forecast to see its highest river level ever, slightly above the 56.2-feet mark set in 1927. Farther south in Natchez, forecasters said the 1937 record could be shattered by 4 feet on May 14.
    (http://tinyurl.com/3mg3szx)(AP, 5/11/11)
2011        May 10, Vermont officials said swamped farm fields and gorged rivers could worsen pollution worries for the flooded Lake Champlain because of the high amount of phosphorus that has washed into it.
    (AP, 5/10/11)
2011        May 10, In Afghanistan hundreds of insurgents launched a large-scale attack against Afghan police in remote Nuristan province, a part of the country that is largely under Taliban control. A NATO service member was killed by a roadside bomb. In southern Zabul province NATO and Afghan forces killed 10 militants. In eastern Paktika, the provincial governor's office said six insurgents were killed and another eight captured in Afghan police operation.
    (AP, 5/10/11)(AP, 5/11/11)
2011        May 10, In Bahrain Abdulhussain bin Ali Mirza, energy minister and chief executive of the state-owned Bahrain Petroleum Company (BAPCO), said that 293 employees have been dismissed since the king declared martial law on March 15 to quell weeks of demonstrations.
    (AP, 5/11/11)
2011        May 10, In Canada Marshall Zhang, an 11th-grade student at Richmond Hill's Bayview Secondary School, received first place in the 2011 Sanofi-Aventis BioTalent Challenge. The Toronto area student used a supercomputer system to find a new drug combination that shows potential in treating the genetic disorder cystic fibrosis.
    (www.livescience.com/14138-teen-cystic-fibrosis-drug-cocktail-contest.html)
2011        May 10, In China a Mongol herder named Mergen was run over by a truck driven by an ethnic Han Chinese in Inner Mongolia. Mergen and other herders had been attempting to block a caravan of coal-hauling trucks in the Xilin Gol area. The killing sparked protests. 4 days later another Mongol was killed in a similar confrontation elsewhere. The truck driver was later executed and his co-driver sentenced to life in prison.
    (AFP, 5/25/11)(Econ, 6/4/11, p.48)(Econ, 7/14/12, p.40)
2011        May 10, An Egyptian court convicted the country's ex-tourism minister of corruption and sentenced him to five years in prison, making him the second high-ranking official to be found guilty since President Hosni Mubarak's ouster.
    (AP, 5/10/11)
2011        May 10, The Gulf Co-operation Council (Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, Oman, Saudi Arabia, UAE) said it welcomed Jordan’s request to join the 6-member group. Jordan had first applied for membership in the mid-1980s. The GCC said it would encourage Morocco to also join.
    (Econ, 5/21/11, p.54)(http://abcnews.go.com/Business/wireStory?id=13586238)
2011        May 10, The Court of Justice of the EU ruled that gay couples in civil partnerships should enjoy the same rights as heterosexual married couples.
    (SFC, 5/11/11, p.A2)
2011        May 10, In eastern Honduras six alleged drug traffickers were killed and two police officers and a teenager injured in a three-hour gunbattle in Catacamas. In northern Honduras television reporter Francisco Medina (35) was shot and killed by two gunmen on a motorcycle outside his home in the city of Morazan. Medina was critical of the Honduran national police and of private security firms contracted by ranchers in the area, where drug traffickers operate.
    (AP, 5/11/11)
2011        May 10, India's top court recommended the death penalty for perpetrators of "honor killings," calling the practice barbaric and feudal.
    (AP, 5/10/11)
2011        May 10, Iran said it has accepted the European Union's proposal for more talks about the country's controversial nuclear program.
    (AP, 5/10/11)
2011        May 10, Japan’s PM Naoto Kan said Japan will scrap a plan to obtain half of its electricity from nuclear power and will instead promote renewable energy and conservation as a result of its ongoing nuclear crisis. The president of TEPCO submitted a request for Japanese government aid in compensating those affected by its stricken nuclear power plant, as the utility said it faced funding problems.
    (AP, 5/10/11)(AFP, 5/10/11)
2011        May 10, In Libya NATO warplanes struck a command center in Tripoli in the heaviest bombing of the Libyan capital in weeks. Rebels, capitalizing on other NATO air strikes, reported battlefront gains that could ease the siege of the port city of Misrata.
    (AP, 5/10/11)
2011        May 10, Malaysian local papers highlighted how underworld groups were using Facebook and other social media to recruit members, the majority of whom are still at secondary school. The next day the government announced a major crackdown on criminal gangs using social networking sites to enlist teenage recruits as "street fighters."
    (AFP, 5/11/11)
2011        May 10, Mexican police found two male heads on top of a cement wall in the plaza of Guadalupe Distrito Bravos, a town on the outskirts of Ciudad Juarez. Two headless bodies, one of them stabbed in the back, were later found in two separate homes. Another man and a woman were then discovered in a nearby house with their throats slashed. Mexican security forces searching mass graves in the northern Mexican state of Durango unearthed eight more bodies, bringing the total to 188 and making it the largest discovery yet of corpses secretly buried in regions plagued by drug-gang fighting.
    (AP, 5/11/11)(AFP, 5/11/11)
2011        May 10, Pakistani lawmakers adopted tougher penalties for acid attacks in a step towards eradicating a form of violence that can disfigure around 200 women a year. The lower house of parliament passed the amendment, but the legislation needs to be formally rubber stamped by the Senate.
    (AFP, 5/11/11)
2011        May 10, Pakistan’s US envoy delivered a memo from Pres. Zardari to US Admiral Mullen, offering that a "new national security team" would end relations between Pakistani intelligence and Afghan militants, namely the Taliban and its Haqqani faction. On Oct 10 American businessman Mansoor Ijaz wrote that a "senior Pakistani diplomat" telephoned him in May soon after bin Laden's death, urging him to deliver a message to the White House bypassing Pakistan's military and intelligence chiefs.
    (AFP, 11/22/11)
2011        May 10, In Pakistan US missiles killed three alleged Arab militants in the Baghar area of South Waziristan.
    (AP, 5/10/11)
2011        May 10, In Puerto Rico Norberto Gonzalez Claudio (65), part of a radical group that stole the money to aid their struggle for Puerto Rican independence, was captured while out for a morning jog. A judge soon ordered that he be sent to Connecticut to face charges in the theft of $7 million from an armored car depot in 1983.
    (AP, 5/13/11)
2011        May 10, In Slovakia Jaroslava Oravcova (43) was wounded after a gunbattle with officers during an undercover police operation to apprehend him. Police believe the man used the Internet to search for a person who wanted to commit suicide and would agree to let him eat the body. Oravcova died from his wounds on May 12.
    (AP, 5/12/11)
2011        May 10, In South Sudan 4 UN peacekeepers from Zambia were shot and wounded while on patrol in Abyei.
    (SFC, 5/11/11, p.A2)
2011        May 10, Syrian forces tightened the noose on key protest hubs, including flashpoint Banias, sealing off neighborhoods and arresting leaders of the anti-regime dissent movement. Syria’s National Organization for Human Rights said over 750 civilians have been killed in Syria since an uprising against President Bashar Assad's regime began in mid-March. Activists said three protesters were killed when government forces fired on demonstrations in Jassem. In Banias at least 7 civilians, including 4 women, were killed during military operations.
    (AFP, 5/10/11)(AP, 5/10/11)(AP, 5/11/11)
2011        May 10, Two more top Turkish opposition politicians resigned, a month before the country's general election, over secretly filmed tapes posted on the Internet that reportedly showed them having extramarital affairs.
    (AP, 5/10/11)

2011        May 11, The United States designated Badruddin Haqqani, a North Waziristan-based leader of the Al-Qaeda-linked Haqqani network, to a list of people sanctioned for involvement or support of terrorist organizations.
    (AFP, 5/11/11)
2011        May 11, The United States signed a deal with the Marshall Islands to continue using the key missile testing range at Kwajalein Atoll through to 2066.
    (AP, 5/11/11)
2011        May 11, Samuel Kioskli (64), a former San Francisco ATM serviceman, was arrested during a routine traffic stop in Phoenix, Arizona. On July 4, 2010, he stole about 200,000 from six bank branches in SF and one in Daly City, Ca., by replacing cash with counterfeit $20 bills.
    (SFC, 5/27/11, p.C3)
2011        May 11, In NYC Ahmed Ferhani (26), an American of Algerian descent, was arrested in a sting operation after buying weapons and an inert hand grenade from an undercover officer. He and Mohamed Mamdouh (20) were soon charged with conspiracy for plotting to bomb a synagogue in Manhattan. On March 15, 2013, Fehrani was sentenced to 10 years in prison.
    (SFC, 5/13/11, p.A6)(SFC, 2/16/13, p.A6)
2011        May 11, In NYC hedge fund founder Raj Rajaratnam was convicted on all counts of fraud and conspiracy, in Wall Street's biggest insider trading trial for years.
    (AFP, 5/11/11)
2011        May 11, Snooky Young (92), big band trumpeter, died in Newport Beach, Ca.
    (SFC, 5/19/11, p.A6)
2011        May 11, Afghan police engaged in fierce battles with about 100 Taliban fighters on motorcycles who had attacked Abduraman village in northern Jawzjan province. In an overnight firefight that raged intensely for two hours, 17 insurgents and one villager were killed.
    (AP, 5/11/11)
2011        May 11, In Australia WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange was awarded the Sydney Peace Foundation's top honor for "exceptional courage in pursuit of human rights", joining the likes of Nelson Mandela and the Dalai Lama.
    (AFP, 5/11/11)
2011        May 11, Canadian researchers reported an alarming combination: bedbugs carrying a staph "superbug." Scientists detected drug-resistant staph bacteria in bedbugs from three hospital patients from St. Paul's Hospital located in a downtrodden Vancouver neighborhood.
    (AP, 5/11/11)
2011        May 11, A new study released by the American Journal of Public Health said 1,152 women are raped every day in CongoDRC, a rate equal to 48 per hour.
    (AP, 5/11/11)
2011        May 11, Denmark’s government agreed to reintroduce custom checks at Danish borders.
    (Econ, 5/14/11, p.68)
2011        May 11, Three top French publishers said they were suing US Internet giant Google for scanning thousands of their books for its online library without permission.
    (AP, 5/11/11)
2011        May 11, France canceled all of Togo's debt, amounting to 101.1 million euros, in a bid to encourage the West African nation to pursue economic reforms.
    (AFP, 5/12/11)
2011        May 11, The French government imposed a moratorium on fracking, the blasting of fissures in subterranean rock and pumping in water and sand to extract shale gas.
    (Econ, 6/25/11, p.79)
2011        May 11, The sculpture "Leviathan" was unveiled at Paris's Grand Palais by Mumbai-born British sculptor Anish Kapoor. It created an experience of being swallowed by a whale.
    (Reuters, 5/10/11)
2011        May 11, Haitian officials reversed their findings on election results for all but four of 19 legislative races contested by the international community because of concerns about possible fraud.
    (AP, 5/11/11)
2011        May 11, India said it had lodged a complaint with the Australian government over swimwear carrying the image of the Hindu goddess Lakshmi that has sparked protests. Fashion house Lisa Blue promised to halt production immediately and apologized for any offence the design may have caused.
    (AFP, 5/11/11)
2011        May 11, Tokyo Electric Power Co., which operates the Fukushima Dai-ichi plant, said it accepted the government-set reorganization plan. TEPCO agreed to drastic restructuring and cost-cutting in exchange for a government plan to support the company in its obligations to compensate people affected by the crisis. The government planned to inject about $62 billion into a fund to help TEPCO compensate victims.
    (AP, 5/11/11)(Reuters, 5/11/11)
2011        May 11, In Libya rebels took total control of the airport in southern Misrata after two days of fighting that left five rebels killed and 105 injured. Five French nationals were stopped at a police checkpoint in Benghazi in the rebel-held east of Libya. 4 were released on May 21. A fifth Frenchman, Pierre Marziali, was shot and wounded and later died in a Benghazi hospital.
    (AP, 5/11/11)(SFC, 5/12/11, p.A3)(Reuters, 5/21/11)
2011        May 11, In Lithuania Konstantin Mikhailov, a former member of a Soviet special police unit, was found guilty of murder and was sentenced to life in prison for his role in the killings of seven Lithuanian border guards on July 31, 1991. Mikhailov was arrested in Latvia in 2007 and extradited to Lithuania to stand trial. Several other members of the unit are believed to have fled to Russia.
    (AP, 5/11/11)
2011        May 11, In Mexico 15 people were shot dead in separate incidents in a single day in the northern Mexican border state of Nuevo Leon. The Defense Ministry meanwhile announced that troops had seized a record shipment of 194 kilos of heroine in the southeast Pacific coast state of Guerrero as well as 127 kilos of opium poppy seeds and 57 grams of cocaine.
    (AFP, 5/12/11)
2011        May 11, Saudi Arabia said three al-Qaida members have returned from abroad and turned themselves in. Officials said four other al-Qaida operatives surrendered to Saudi security after their leader, Osama bin Laden, was killed in a US raid May 2 in Pakistan.
    (AP, 5/11/11)
2011        May 11, In Spain a pair of temblors, with magnitudes of 4.4 and 5.2, killed nine people and caused extensive damage in Lorca.
    (AP, 5/12/11)
2011        May 11, The Syrian army shelled residential areas in Homs, the country's third-largest city, sending people fleeing for cover in a sharp escalation in the government's attempts to crush a popular revolt against President Bashar Assad's autocratic rule. An official, who was not identified, said two soldiers were killed and five wounded during confrontations. Al-Jazeera said that Dorothy Parvaz, one of the network's journalists with extensive connections in the US and Canada, has been sent to Iran following her detention last month in Damascus.
    (AP, 5/11/11)
2011        May 11, Tunisian police arrested a Libyan man in a car packed with Kalashnikov rifle cartridges in the south of the country, 80 km (50 miles) from the border with Libya. Authorities had also arrested a second man, an Algerian, who was transporting grenades. It appeared the vehicles were traveling from Libya.
    (AP, 5/11/11)
2011        May 11, Turkey announced plans to build two earthquake-resistant developments in the Istanbul area to lure residents away from dangerous neighborhoods.
    (AP, 5/11/11)
2011        May 11, In Istanbul 13 European countries signed a Council of Europe convention on combating violence against women.
    (Econ, 5/14/11, p.68)(https://wcd.coe.int/wcd/ViewDoc.jsp?id=1785485&Site=DC)
2011        May 11, Yemeni security forces killed two protesters in Taiz and wounded dozens as mass rallies demanding the ouster of President Ali Abdullah Saleh paralyzed two major cities. Two others were killed in the town of Dhamar and the city of Hudayda. In Sanaa at least 13 people were killed and hundreds wounded as security forces and plainclothes gunmen fired at protesters.
    (Reuters, 5/11/11)(AP, 5/11/11)(AP, 5/12/11)(SFC, 5/12/11, p.A2)

2011        May 12, In Arizona 2 Border Patrol agents were killed when their SUV was struck by a freight train near Gila Bend.
    (SFC, 5/13/11, p.A4)
2011        May 12, In Texas a judge freed a Dallas man who spent 27 years in prison for aggravated sexual assault before DNA evidence cleared him. Johnny Pinchback became the 22nd person to be exonerated through DNA testing in Dallas County since 2001. He was found to have been wrongly convicted of raping two teenage girls in a Dallas field in 1984.
    (AP, 5/12/11)
2011        May 12, In Washington state Hana Williams (~13), an adopted girl from Ethiopia, was found dead in the backyard of the family home in Sedro-Woolley, about 60 miles north of Seattle. An autopsy found she died of hypothermia, with malnutrition and a stomach condition as contributing factors. On Sep 9, 2013, Larry and Carri Williams were convicted of manslaughter and faced long prison terms.
    (AP, 10/29/13)
2011        May 12, Journalists learned that PR agency Burston-Marsteller had tried to persuade newspaper writers to say nasty things about Google, while concealing that Facebook was paying for the lobbying.
    (Econ, 5/21/11, p.72)
2011        May 12, Arctic Council members signed an agreement in Greenland to coordinate search and rescue operations and pledged to create int’l. protocols to prevent and clean up offshore oil spills. The 8 members included the Canada, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Russia, Sweden and the USA.
    (SFC, 5/13/11, p.A2)
2011        May 12, In Australia two Malaysians were arrested and charged with importing heroin into Australia with a street value of more than Aus$50 million (US$53 million), the country's biggest haul in a decade.
    (AFP, 5/12/11)
2011        May 12, Chinese authorities arrested 40 people for allegedly trafficking at least 22 babies for sale. The ring bought babies in Yunnan, one of China's most impoverished provinces, and sold them to families in relatively prosperous Fujian.
    (AP, 5/12/11)
2011        May 12, In China Xu Maiyong (52), a former vice mayor of the wealthy resort city of Hangzhou, was sentenced to death on corruption charges, one of the harshest sentences handed down to a high-level Chinese official in recent years.
    (AP, 5/12/11)
2011        May 12, Colombia’s Pres. Juan Manuel Santos singed a law creating incentives for soccer clubs to become limited companies and attract new investors and to report to the finance ministry’s money-laundering unit.
    (Econ, 5/21/11, p.38)
2011        May 12, In Egypt Abeer Fakhri, a Christian woman whose affair with a Muslim sparked deadly sectarian clashes, was detained and faced charges that included polygamy.
    (AP, 5/13/11)
2011        May 12, In Germany retired US autoworker John Demjanjuk (91) was convicted of thousands of counts of acting as an accessory to murder at a Nazi death camp and sentenced on to five years in prison, a groundbreaking verdict that closed one chapter in a decades-long legal battle. Judges ordered him released pending appeal.
    (AP, 5/12/11)
2011        May 12, Indian PM Manmohan Singh offered Afghanistan $500 million in fresh aid, during his first visit to the war-torn country since 2005.
    (AFP, 5/12/11)
2011        May 12, In Japan TEPCO officials said one of the reactors at the crippled Fukushima nuclear power plant has been damaged more severely than originally thought, a serious setback for efforts to stabilize the radiation-leaking complex.
    (AP, 5/12/11) 
2011        May 12, NATO airstrikes struck Moammar Gadhafi's sprawling compound in Tripoli and three other sites reportedly killing 3 people, hours after the Libyan leader was shown on state TV in his first appearance since his son was killed nearly two weeks ago.
    (AP, 5/12/11)(AFP, 5/12/11)
2011        May 12, Mexican authorities fired 7 regional directors of the immigration agency following allegations that officers in the north had delivered migrants to kidnapping gangs. The Mexican army said that they had detained one of the main leaders of the Sinaloa cartel, led by Joaquin "El Chapo" Guzman. Martin Beltran Coronel, alias "The Eagle," was arrested along with four other people in an exclusive neighborhood of Zapopan, a suburb of Guadalajara. He had replaced Ignacio "Nacho" Coronel, the cartel's reputed No. 3 capo gunned down in Guadalajara in July 2010. The bodies of 8 decapitated men were dumped along roads in Durango state, where the 196 bodies have been unearthed in mass graves.
    (SFC, 5/13/11, p.A2)(AP, 5/13/11)(SFC, 5/13/11, p.A2)
2011        May 12, In northern Nigeria two motorcycle-riding gunmen opened fire on local chief Abba Mukhtar outside his home in Maiduguri, killing him and seriously wounding a friend. In the northwest gunmen kidnapped an Italian and a Briton who had been working for a construction company in the state capital of Birnin-Kebbi. Italian engineer Franco Lamolinara (48) and his British colleague Chris McManus (28) were shot dead by their captors during a British-Nigerian rescue attempt on March 8, 2012.
    (AFP, 5/13/11)(AP, 5/14/11)(AP, 3/9/12)
2011        May 12, A Pakistani court ruled that President Asif Ali Zardari must relinquish his position as co-chairman of Pakistan's ruling party, a decision that could strip him of his main source of power and cause fresh political conflict in the country. A US drone aircraft fired missiles at militants, killing eight of them.
    (AP, 5/12/11)
2011        May 12, In the southern Philippines communist rebels killed a security guard for an American-owned gold mining company and took the weapons of three others.
    (AP, 5/12/11)
2011        May 12, Qatar pulled out of an effort to mediate an end to Yemen's political crisis, blaming the country's embattled president for the impasse and potentially leaving his regime even more isolated among his neighbors.
    (AP, 5/13/11)
2011        May 12, Russia and Pakistan pledged to boost economic ties and coordinate efforts to fight terror as the Kremlin welcomed the Pakistani president for a key visit after the killing of Osama bin Laden.
    (AFP, 5/12/11)
2011        May 12, In Somalia AU forces killed several militants in a battle in Mogadishu. Three AU soldiers were also wounded. AU mission spokesman Paddy Ankunda said al-Shabab militants, who are trying to overthrow the government, lost ground in the battle. The body of a fighter who appeared to be a member of the AU's peacekeeping mission was pulled through the streets by a rope.
    (AP, 5/12/11)(AP, 5/13/11)
2011        May 12, Sweden’s struggling car maker Saab Automobile faced renewed uncertainty Thursday as the financing deal with China's Hawtai Motor Group fell apart, raising fresh concerns about the company's future. Spyker Cars NV, which bought Saab from General Motors Corp. in 2010, said it was "forced to terminate" the $223 million (euro150 million) agreement with Hawtai since the Chinese company was not able to obtain all the necessary consents, including approvals from different shareholders.
    (AP, 5/12/11)
2011        May 12, Syrian soldiers and tanks executing a nationwide crackdown on regime opponents surrounded the city of Hama.
    (AP, 5/12/11)
2011        May 12, Uganda police sprayed tear gas at rock-throwing opposition supporters, after the country's top opposition leader returned home and while the 25-year leader was sworn in to a fourth term.
    (AP, 5/12/11)
2011        May 12, Yemeni police trying to disperse thousands of anti-government protesters in Al-Bayda and Taiz killed 2 people and injured 45, including some of them by gunfire. In one of the cities, protesters took over an Oil Ministry building.
    (AP, 5/12/11)(AP, 5/13/11)

2011        May 13, California state parks officials said 70 state parks will close starting in September as a result of state budget cuts.
    (SFC, 5/14/11, p.A1)
2011        May 13, Georgia’s Gov. Nathan Deal signed HB 87, a new immigration bill, into law. On June 14 He proposed that unemployed probationers be given the jobs that migrants would have typically filled.
    (Econ, 6/18/11, p.37)(http://tinyurl.com/3wyckfu)
2011        May 13, In Idaho Gaylin Leirmoe (26) shot his ex-girlfriend and sister-in-law and his 2 young children before setting fire to a home in Ammon. Leirmoe shot a bullet to his own head.
    (SFC, 5/14/11, p.A4)(http://tinyurl.com/3hytd43)
2011        May 13, It was reported that tests by bee researcher Dr. Daniel Favre found that mobile phones may be a major factor in bee colony decline, leading to massive population issues within the species.
    (http://tinyurl.com/3m9k97w)
2011        May 13, In Afghanistan two NATO service members were killed in Helmand province by an Afghan policeman, who was wounded and hospitalized. Another NATO service member was killed by a roadside bomb in southern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 5/13/11)(SFC, 5/14/11, p.A2)
2011        May 13, Egyptian authorities on ordered the detention of Suzanne Mubarak, wife of deposed President Hosni Mubarak. Thousands of Egyptians took to the streets to push their military rulers to do more to help Palestinians.
    (AP, 5/13/11)(Reuters, 5/13/11)
2011        May 13, In Ethiopia a World Food Program driver was killed in the Ogaden region in an ambush that also injured another staff member.
    (Reuters, 5/14/11)
2011        May 13, Greek government officials appealed for calm after three days of attacks by ultranationalist mobs on dark-skinned foreigners in Athens, sparked by the fatal mugging of a Greek man in the capital's crime-infested center.
    (AP, 5/13/11)
2011        May 13, India’s ruling Congress party and its allies weathered a string of corruption scandals to win three major state elections. The state of West Bengal said goodbye to three decades of uninterrupted rule by the world's longest-serving democratically-elected communist government. Communists also lost in Kerala state, where they ruled for the last 5 years. The Trinamool Congress Party and its allies looked set to take close to 220 of the state assembly's 294 seats, with the Marxists reduced to less than 70.
    (AP, 5/13/11)(AFP, 5/13/11)(Econ, 5/21/11, p.41)
2011        May 13, In Iraq more than 500 protesters gathered in downtown Baghdad, demanding better government services and more jobs.
    (AP, 5/13/11)
2011        May 13, In Italy Rev. Riccardo Seppia (51), who had served in Sestri Ponente as pastor of Holy Spirit church for 14 years, was arrested for allegedly abusing a 16-year-old boy and giving him cocaine.
    (AP, 5/15/11)
2011        May 13, Japan announced a plan to help Tokyo Electric Power compensate victims of the crisis at its tsunami-crippled nuclear plant without going broke while it struggles to resolve the worst nuclear crisis since Chernobyl.
    (Reuters, 5/13/11)
2011        May 13, In Jordan heeding a call from Palestinian Facebook organizers, several hundred Jordanians took to the streets of the capital demanding a sovereign Palestinian state and that refugees be given the right to return home.
    (AP, 5/13/11)
2011        May 13, In Libya NATO launched more airstrikes in Tripoli as Moammar Gadhafi's regime faced open defiance on the ground, with activists reporting gunfights between protesters and soldiers in several of the capital's neighborhoods. Libyan rebels met senior White House officials in Washington to seek cash and diplomatic legitimacy in their battle to topple Gaddafi. The US stopped short of granting Libyan rebels full diplomatic recognition, as Mahmud Jibril became the opposition's first senior official to have talks at the White House. Libya’s government accused the alliance of killing the 11 clerics as they were sleeping in a guesthouse. Government spokesman Moussa Ibrahim said those killed were part of a group that had gathered to pray for peace in the oil town of Brega.
    (AP, 5/13/11)(Reuters, 5/13/11)(AP, 5/14/11)(AFP, 5/14/11)
2011        May 13, Libyan students attending college in the US expected to lose financial support, effective May 31, after Libya lost access to about $30 billion in assets that were frozen by the United Nations and the US as a result of the military conflict in that country.
    (AP, 5/13/11)
2011        May 13, In northern Nigeria suspected members of an Islamist sect shot and killed a driver for a state governor. A blast in Borno state killed two bystanders at a bus stop. 18 people were killed after a bus crashed head-on with a car in the country's northeast.
    (AFP, 5/13/11)(AP, 5/14/11)
2011        May 13, Pakistan’s parliament passed a resolution declaring the US drone strikes were a violation of sovereignty. A pair of Taliban suicide bombers attacked paramilitary police recruits eagerly heading home for a break after months of training, killing 87 people, including 66 recruits, in the first act of retaliation for the US raid that killed Osama bin Laden. The bombers blew themselves up in Shabqadar at the main gate of the facility for the Frontier Constabulary. Four US missiles struck a vehicle in the Doga Madakhel village of North Waziristan tribal region killing 3 people. Two dozen vehicles, including 15 tankers carrying fuel for NATO in Afghanistan, were destroyed when a blast ripped through a parking lot close to the Torkham border crossing in the Khyber tribal region.
    (SSFC, 5/15/11, p.A6)(AP, 5/13/11)(AP, 5/14/11)
2011        May 13, Palestinian teen Milad Said Ayyash was fatally wounded after being shot and wounded near a Jewish settler enclave in east Jerusalem. New clashes erupted in the disputed city ahead of Palestinian commemoration of their uprooting more than six decades ago.
    (AFP, 5/14/11)
2011        May 13, Spanish regional government authorities said Deyan Valentinov, a homeless Bulgarian man, beheaded Jennifer Mills-Westley (60), a British grandmother of five, in a supermarket on the Spanish resort island of Tenerife in the Canary Islands. The suspect was detained by security guards.
    (AP, 5/13/11)(AP, 5/14/11)
2011        May 13, Pioneering Swiss solar-powered aircraft Solar Impulse landed in Brussels after a 12-hour flight from Switzerland, the futuristic aircraft's first international sortie.
    (AP, 5/13/11)
2011        May 13, Syrian security forces and snipers opened fire on thousands of protesters, killing at least 6 people as soldiers tried to head off demonstrations by occupying mosques and blocking public squares.
    (AP, 5/13/11)(SFC, 5/14/11, p.A2)
2011        May 13, In Thailand authorities at Bangkok's international airport arrested a first-class passenger whose suitcases were filled with baby leopards, panthers, a bear and monkeys. The animals had been drugged and were headed for Dubai.
    (AP, 5/13/11)
2011        May 13, A report was submitted to the Security Council by a UN Panel of Experts, a group that monitors compliance with UN sanctions imposed on Pyongyang after it conducted two nuclear tests in 2006 and 2009. It said North Korea and Iran appear to have been regularly exchanging ballistic missile technology in violation of UN sanctions. The report said the illicit technology transfers had "trans-shipment through a neighboring 3rd country," said to be China.
    (Reuters, 5/14/11)
2011        May 13, In Yemen 7 soldiers were killed in two separate attacks in the cities of Marib and Shabwa. Anti-government demonstrators rallied in 15 cities. Tens of thousands of Saleh supporters gathered at a main square in Sanaa, calling it "Unity Friday." Security forces opened fire at a protest march in Ibb killing 3 people.
    (AP, 5/13/11)(SFC, 5/14/11, p.A2)

2011        May 14, President Barack Obama, under pressure from Republicans and the public to bring down gasoline prices, announced new measures to expand domestic oil production in Alaska and the Gulf of Mexico.
    (Reuters, 5/14/11)
2011        May 14, Dominique Strauss-Kahn (62), the leader of the International Monetary Fund and a possible candidate for president of France, was yanked from an airplane moments before it was to depart for Paris and arrested in the alleged sexual assault of Nafissatou Diallo, a NYC hotel maid. The immigrant maid from Guinea identified him in a line-up. On Aug 8 Diallo sued Strauss-Kahn for sexual assault. In 2012 John Solomon authored “DSK: The Scandal That Brought Down Dominique Strauss-Kahn."
    (AP, 5/15/11)(Econ, 5/21/11, p.25)(SFC, 8/9/11, p.A5)(Econ, 5/12/12, p.88)
2011        May 14, US officials said 6 people in the United States and Pakistan have been charged with providing financing and material support to the Pakistani Taliban, a designated foreign terrorist organization. 3 were living in Pakistan and remained at large. Miami imam Ali Khan (76) and two of his sons were arrested on charges that they provided some $50,000 to the Pakistani Taliban.
    (Reuters, 5/14/11)(SSFC, 5/15/11, p.A10)
2011        May 14, US Army engineers prepared to slowly open the gates of an emergency spillway along the rising Mississippi River, diverting floodwaters from Baton Rouge and New Orleans, yet inundating homes and farms in parts of Louisiana's populated Cajun country.
    (AP, 5/14/11)
2011        May 14, Andrei Sannikov (57), a Belarusian presidential candidate, was sentenced to five years in prison following a trial that he denounced as political punishment for challenging the nation's authoritarian ruler. On May 16 a court gave his journalist wife, Irina Khalip, a two-year suspended prison sentence for taking part in an antigovernment rally.
    (AP, 5/14/11)(AP, 5/16/11)(Econ, 5/14/11, p.66)
2011        May 14, Canada’s Manitoba province opened its dike on the swollen Assiniboine River, starting a slow creep of water across rich farmland to avert a potentially catastrophic, unplanned breach.
    (Reuters, 5/14/11)
2011        May 14, Cubans held a short but colorful parade celebrating sexual diversity to mark the International Day Against Homophobia.
    (AP, 5/14/11)
2011        May 14, In Egypt Bothaina Kamel (48) a political activist, TV presenter and a candidate for president, was hauled in for questioning because of her outspoken criticism of the nation's military rulers and said she is facing allegations of slandering a top official and the military. Clashes between Muslims and Christians in the center of Cairo left 51 people wounded, as Coptic Christians pursued a sit-in protest against the violence.
    (AP, 5/14/11)(AFP, 5/15/11)
2011        May 14, In Guatemala Haroldo Leon, the brother of alleged Guatemalan drug boss Juan Jose "Juancho" Leon, was killed in Peten province. "Juancho" Leon was killed in 2008 in an ambush that Guatemalan authorities blame on Mexico's Zetas drug cartel.
    (AP, 5/16/11)
2011        May 14, In Haiti Michel Martelly took the oath of office as the new president, assuming the leadership of an impoverished country still in ruins from one of the most destructive earthquakes of modern times.
    (AFP, 5/14/11)
2011        May 14, Indonesia's anti-terrorism forces killed two suspected militants in a predawn raid in Central Java. A nearby rice vendor was killed in crossfire in Sukoharjo district.
    (AP, 5/14/11)
2011        May 14, Italian border police escorted a boat with 218 Tunisians aboard to tiny Lampedusa island, where tens of thousands of illegal migrants have arrived since January to escape turmoil in North Africa. Meanwhile, Africans fleeing Libya by sea reached Sicily.
    (AP, 5/14/11)
2011        May 14, Japan shut down the final working reactor at a nuclear plant near a tectonic faultline as PM Naoto Kan pledged a new law to help compensate victims of the Fukushima nuclear crisis. A worker at the tsunami-crippled Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant died, bringing the death toll at the complex to 3 since a massive earthquake and tsunami in March.
    (AFP, 5/14/11)(Reuters, 5/14/11)
2011        May 14, In Libya NATO conducted 147 air sorties, 48 of them strike sorties that aimed to identify and hit targets but not always deploy munitions. Targets included surface-to-air missile launchers, ammunition stores and artillery pieces.
    (AP, 5/16/11)
2011        May 14, In Mexico unidentified gunmen shot dead at least nine indigenous people and wounded another 10 on a highway en route to a political rally in southern Oaxaca state. A clash between gunmen and police in the popular Pacific coast beach town of Zihuatenejo left at least 13 people dead. Security forces said they have discovered another 17 bodies in mass graves found last month in the northern state of Durango bringing the total to 218. An armed gang burst into a Red Cross clinic in the northern city of Culiacan and attempted to kill a 23-year-old man who had arrived with head wounds and one arm nearly axed off.
    (AFP, 5/14/11)(AP, 5/15/11)
2011        May 14, In eastern Pakistan a roadside bomb hit a passenger bus near Kharian, killing at least three people and wounding several others.
    (AP, 5/14/11)
2011        May 14, Singapore founding father Lee Kuan Yew resigned from the Cabinet, ceding leadership to a younger generation after his party's worst election result since independence in 1965.
    (AP, 5/14/11)
2011        May 14, Syrian troops killed three people and wounded several others in the border town of Tall Kalakh. Hundreds of Syrians, including four wounded people, crossed into Lebanon fleeing violence in their country as an uprising against President Bashar Assad's regime entered its eighth week.
    (AFP, 5/14/11)(AP, 5/14/11)
2011        May 14, Tunisian army troops deployed along the border thwarted an attempt by 200 troops from Gadhafi's army to cross the border aboard some 50 off-road vehicles. 3 pro-Gadhafi officers who defected landed at Tunisia's port of Zarzis on a boat. 2 people suspected of links to al-Qaida's North African affiliate were arrested overnight, one with a belt of explosives and the other carrying a grenade.
    (AP, 5/15/11)
2011        May 14, Turkey's military in Sirnak province killed 12 Kurdish rebels over the last 24 hours who trying to infiltrate the country from northern Iraq.
    (AP, 5/14/11)
2011        May 14, In Yemen gunmen killed six soldiers and wounded a seventh in a central province. Police clashed with protesters in the southern city of Taiz, injuring 15 during a rally calling for President Ali Abdullah Saleh's ouster.
    (AP, 5/14/11)

2011        May 15, San Francisco celebrated the 100th anniversary of its 7.46 mile Bay to Breakers race. Organizer’s hired guards to confiscate alcohol and banned iconic floats.
    (SFC, 5/16/11, p.A1)
2011        May 15, In Illinois a fire in an apartment building in Aurora, a suburb of Chicago, killed 6 people, including 3 children.
    (SFC, 5/16/11, p.A4)
2011        May 15, In southern Afghanistan a British marine was killed in a blast while searching a compound in the Nad-e Ali district of Helmand Province.
    (AFP, 5/15/11)
2011        May 15, In China a one dog per family policy went into effect in Beijing.
    (SSFC, 5/15/11, p.A5)
2011        May 15, Egyptian Foreign Minister Nabil al-Araby was elected the new secretary-general of the Arab League.
    (SFC, 5/16/11, p.A2)
2011        May 15, Egypt's Pope Shenouda, head of the Orthodox Coptic church, called on Christians to abandon a demonstration against attacks on their community after a clash overnight left 78 wounded.
    (Reuters, 5/16/11)
2011        May 15, Germany’s Welt am Sonntag newspaper said the government is prepared to pay a billion euros ($ 1.4 billion) in subsidies over the next two years to help its industry develop electric cars.
    (AFP, 5/15/11)
2011        May 15, In northern Guatemala assailants killed at least 29 people, decapitating most of the victims, on a ranch in Caserio La Bomba, Peten province, an area plagued by drug cartels.
    (AP, 5/15/11)
2011        May 15, Hong Kong-based Galaxy Entertainment opened is new $1.9 billion Galaxy casino in Macao.
    (Econ, 5/21/11, p.70)
2011        May 15, In India police said 2 Muslim mothers in Baghpat, Uttar Pradesh state, have been arrested on accusations they killed their daughters for dishonoring the family by eloping with Hindu men. Newlyweds Zahida (19) and Husna (26) were strangled last week when they returned home after getting married to men of their choice.
    (AP, 5/15/11)
2011        May 15, Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad said he has temporarily assumed the duties of the oil ministry. A day earlier Ahmadinejad dismissed oil minister Masoud Mirkazemi, alongside two other ministers without parliamentary approval.
    (AFP, 5/16/11)(AP, 5/16/11)
2011        May 15, In Iraq gunmen broke into a house and fatally shot a family of three as they slept in Baghdad’s mixed Sunni-Shiite neighborhood of Baiyaa. Separately, mortar rounds struck in central Baghdad, killing two.
    (AP, 5/15/11)
2011        May 15, Israeli troops clashed with Arab protesters along three hostile borders, leaving at least 12 people dead and dozens wounded in an unprecedented wave of violence marking the anniversary of the mass displacement of Palestinians surrounding Israel's establishment in 1948. Israeli gunfire killed two protesters and wounded dozens as civilians crossed from Syria onto the annexed Golan Heights, raising tensions between Damascus and the Jewish state. 10 of the dead were Palestinian refugees living in Lebanon.
    (AP, 5/15/11)(AFP, 5/15/11)(AP, 5/16/11)
2011        May 15, Italians voted in partial local elections with all eyes on the northern business hub of Milan, a center-right stronghold of embattled PM Silvio Berlusconi.
    (AFP, 5/15/11)
2011        May 15, Japan started the first evacuations of homes outside the 20-km government exclusion zone radius from the Fukushima Daiichi power plant, after the March 11 earthquake and tsunami crippled one of the country's nuclear power plants.
    (AFP, 5/15/11)
2011        May 15, A Lebanese soldier was wounded from gunfire coming from the Syrian side of the border.
    (AP, 5/15/11)
2011        May 15, In Libya NATO aircraft blasted an oil terminal in the eastern port of Ras Lanouf.
    (SFC, 5/16/11, p.A2)
2011        May 15, Moroccan security services used truncheons to disperse a pro-democracy protest on the southern outskirts of the capital Rabat, injuring several people.
    (Reuters, 5/15/11)
2011        May 15, In Pakistan the bodies of two men, killed by Taliban militants, were found in North Waziristan. They were accusing them of spying for the United States.
    (AFP, 5/15/11)
2011        May 15, Sudan said the northern ruling party won an election for governor in South Kordofan, the north's main oil state, after a vote the south said was rigged, creating a fresh flashpoint before the south secedes in July.
    (Reuters, 5/15/11)
2011        May 15, Sudan's army carried out air strikes against the villages of Labado and Esheraya in the troubled western Darfur region.
    (AP, 5/17/11)
2011        May 15, In Syria at least 8 people were killed in Talkalakh, the most recent casualties from a government crackdown that already has killed 850 people nationwide since mid-March.
    (AP, 5/16/11)
2011        May 15, The New York Times reported that the crown prince of Abu Dhabi has hired Erik Prince, the founder of private security firm Blackwater Worldwide, to set up an 800-member battalion of foreign troops for the United Arab Emirates.
    (Reuters, 5/15/11)
2011        May 15, Zimbabwe's central bank chief Gideon Gono said the southern African country's economy cannot sustain an election.
    (AFP, 5/15/11)

2011        May 16, The US and Pakistan agreed to work together in any future actions against "high value targets" in Pakistan, even as US Sen. John Kerry defended Washington's decision not to tell Islamabad in advance about the American raid that killed Osama bin Laden.
    (AP, 5/16/11)
2011        May 16, The US reached its legal $14.3 billion debt limit. Treasury Sec. Timothy Geithner said the government can move money around until about Aug 2, when the Obama administration would be forced to choose between paying creditors or paying for military operations. America’s debt ceiling has been raised 74 times since 1962.
    (SFC, 5/17/11, p.A6)(Econ, 5/14/11, p.96)
2011        May 16, The US Treasury Department said that China cut its holdings by $9.2 billion to $1.14 trillion, its 5th straight month of trimming.
    (AP, 5/16/11)
2011        May 16, Rahm Emanuel (b.1959) took office as Chicago’s 55th mayor. He cut $75 million form the city’s bloated budget on his first day.
    (Econ, 8/20/11, p.30)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rahm_Emanuel)
2011        May 16, Las Vegas marked the end of an era as one of the US gambling mecca's last original "Rat Pack" casino-hotels, the Sahara, closed its doors.
    (AFP, 5/16/11)
2011        May 16, Jerry Lewis (85) said he is retiring as host of the Muscular Dystrophy Association’s Labor Day telethon. Lewis planned to continue as the association’s national chairman, a role he has held since the early 1950s.
    (SFC, 5/17/11, p.A5)
2011        May 16, Endeavour blasted off on NASA's next-to-last shuttle flight, thundering through clouds into orbit as the mission commander's wounded wife, Gabrielle Giffords, watched along with an exhilarated crowd estimated in the hundreds of thousands.
    (AP, 5/16/11)
2011        May 16, In southern Afghanistan 4 NATO service members were killed in an explosion.
    (AP, 5/16/11)
2011        May 16, Australia’s Sydney Morning Herald said a development application has been lodged for a Aus$12 million (US$12.7 million) extension to the Stiletto brothel, which proposes doubling its size to 40 working rooms and 21 waiting rooms.
    (AFP, 5/16/11)
2011        May 16, British scientists said they have found that a gene, called KLF14, linked to diabetes and cholesterol is a "master switch" that controls other genes found in fat in the body, and say it should help in the search for treatments for obesity-related diseases.
    (Reuters, 5/16/11)
2011        May 16, In Canada wildfires whipped by high winds destroyed more than a third of a sizable town in northern Alberta and forced oil companies in Canada's largest energy-producing province to shut off tens of thousands of barrels of output.
    (Reuters, 5/16/11)
2011        May 16, Egyptian riot police fired tear gas and live ammunition overnight to disperse thousands of pro-Palestinian protesters outside the Israeli Embassy in Cairo, and a security official said that at least 185 demonstrators were arrested over allegations of attacking police and vandalism.
    (AP, 5/16/11)
2011        May 16, An Egyptian military court sentenced the 17-year-old and three other men to be hanged for kidnapping and raping a young woman.
    (Reuters, 5/18/11)
2011        May 16, Guatemala declared a 30-day state of emergency for the northern Peten region following the brutal massacre of 27 people at a cattle ranch. President Alvaro Colom called the killings sadistic and perverse, and said they were the work of a drug gang believed to be part of a group called "Z 200." On Feb 21, 2014, nine men were convicted for the murders. They included 3 Mexican men and six Guatemalans.
    (AP, 5/17/11)(SSFC, 2/23/14, p.A4)
2011        May 16, In Iraq two members of the security forces were killed and two Norwegian contractors injured in attacks in Baghdad, part of a recent uptick in violence as US troops prepare to leave the country by year's end.
    (AP, 5/16/11)
2011        May 16, The Israeli military blocked a Malaysian anti-war group's ship from reaching the Hamas-ruled Gaza Strip. The Malaysian group, the Perdana Global Peace Foundation, said its ship was fired at when it tried to reach Gaza. The military denied firing at the ship.
    (AP, 5/16/11)
2011        May 16, Israeli authorities arrested John Lund (70), a retired US lecturer, on suspicion of trafficking antiquities stolen from Israel. Lund was allowed to leave after posting a $7,500 bond meant to guarantee he will return to stand trial.
    (AP, 5/18/11)
2011        May 16, Ivory Coast's President Alassane Ouattara told citizens of Burkina Faso that they are welcome to return to his country, and vowed to put an end to the xenophobia and racial targeting that characterized his predecessor's regime.
    (AP, 5/16/11)
2011        May 16, Luis Moreno-Ocampo, International Criminal Court prosecutor, sought an arrest warrant for Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi accusing him of committing crimes against humanity by killing protesters during an uprising against his 41-year rule.
    (Reuters, 5/16/11)
2011        May 16, Libya's oil minister, Shukri Ghanem, reportedly defected and fled to Tunisia, one of the highest profile figures to abandon Moammar Gadhafi's government. Ghanem’s defection was later questioned as he maintained ties to oil firms. Overnight air strikes by NATO set fire to two buildings near Kadhafi's compound in the Libyan capital.
    (AP, 5/17/11)(AFP, 5/17/11)(Reuters, 5/24/11)
2011        May 16, Results from Lithuania's census carried out this year show that the country's population has fallen more than 10 per cent over the past decade. Statistics Lithuania says the Baltic country that borders Belarus and Poland now has 3.05 million residents, compared with more than 3.4 million in 2001. The census was carried out from March to May this year.
    (www.litnews.lt/litnews/news.htm)
2011        May 16, In southern Mexico gunmen opened fire on four local police officers, killing them and two bystanders in the downtown area of Coyuca de Catalan, Guerrero state.
    (AP, 5/16/11)
2011        May 16, In Pakistan a Saudi diplomat was killed in a hail of bullets on his way to the country's consulate in Karachi, the second attack on Saudi interests in Pakistan's biggest city in less than a week.
    (AFP, 5/16/11)
2011        May 16, In Poland representatives of millions of Poles, whose property was seized during and after World War II, met for a national congress that lashed out at the Cabinet of PM Donald Tusk for recently abandoning a plan to partly compensate families, many of them Jewish, whose property was confiscated by the Nazis and the subsequent Communist regime.
    (AP, 5/16/11)
2011        May 16, Russian billionaire Mikhail Prokhorov, owner of the New Jersey Nets basketball team, announced plans to lead Right Cause, a liberal Russian political party with close ties to the Kremlin. Critics referred to the party as fake opposition to help give Russia a semblance of multiparty democracy.
    (SFC, 5/17/11, p.A2)
2011        May 16, In Somalia a bomb explosion in Mogadishu killed five pro-government troops at a base militants fled last week. An AU spokesman said his forces began an operation May 12 that has gained 500 yards (meters) of territory from insurgents.
    (AP, 5/16/11)
2011        May 16, Syrians fleeing their homeland described a "catastrophic" scene in the besieged border town of Talkalakh that has been largely sealed off as the army strove to crush a two-month uprising. Talkalakh is a Sunni city, surrounded by 12 Alawite villages.
    (AP, 5/16/11)

2011        May 17, Pres. Obama met with Jordan’s King Abdullah II. They discussed the sweeping political and social changes in the Middle East.
    (SFC, 5/18/11, p.A4)
2011        May 17, In eastern Afghanistan NATO and Afghan overnight joint operations killed at least 12 insurgents in Paktika province. Another four insurgents were killed today in a raid in Mata Khan district. A NATO raid late in the day killed two men and two women who were inside a home in an area known as Gawmal, Takhar province.
    (AP, 5/17/11)(AP, 5/18/11)
2011        May 17, Bahrain's parliament accepted the resignations of the last seven lawmakers of the Shiite opposition in a move that could exacerbate sectarian tensions in the strategic Gulf island kingdom.
    (AP, 5/17/11)
2011        May 17, Britain's Queen Elizabeth arrived in Dublin for a historic state visit steeped in symbolism and surrounded by security after a makeshift bomb was found, highlighting the lingering hostility of a small minority.
    (AP, 5/17/11)
2011        May 17, The British government pledged to cut the country’s carbon emissions in half by 2025 from benchmark levels of 1990.
    (SFC, 5/18/11, p.A2)
2011        May 17, British defense contractor BAE Systems said it has agreed to pay a fine of up to $79 million to settle an arms export controls case with the US Department of State, the largest civil fine ever levied by the department. Separately, BAE pleaded guilty in Britain to a charge relating to payments to a former adviser in Tanzania, and agreed to pay a fine of 30 million pounds ($49 million).
    (AP, 5/17/11)
2011        May 17, Canada announced it has decided to expel five Libyan diplomats for actions it called "inappropriate."
    (AFP, 5/17/11)
2011        May 17, China downplayed a UN report saying North Korea remains "actively engaged" in exporting ballistic missiles, components and technology to numerous customers in the Middle East, saying it was not an official Security Council report.
    (AP, 5/17/11)
2011        May 17, In Colombia 8 miners were trapped at the Loma Gorda coal mine.
    (SFC, 5/18/11, p.A2)
2011        May 17, Egypt's Justice Ministry ordered the wife of former president Hosni Mubarak released from custody without bail. Suzanne Mubarak was released after handing over her assets to the state, as her husband pledged to do the same in a bid to secure an amnesty.
    (AP, 5/17/11)(AFP, 5/17/11)
2011        May 17, In eastern India seven paramilitary soldiers were killed in a land mine explosion they believe was triggered by Maoist rebels in Chhattisgarh state.
    (AP, 5/18/11)
2011        May 17, India broke with past practice and called on Sri Lanka to investigate allegations of human rights abuses during the island's civil war, upping pressure on President Mahinda Rajapakse.
    (AFP, 5/17/11)
2011        May 17, In Libya Gadhafi forces started attacking the Maraba pass on the edge of the Nafusa mountains. Rebels lost 10 men to artillery and sniper fire.
    (Econ, 5/28/11, p.53)
2011        May 17, In southern Mexico prosecutors detained 2 officials of the National Immigration Institute for allegedly prostituting female Central American migrants in Chiapas state. Police in Chiapas state found 513 migrants inside two trailer trucks bound for the United States, and said they had been transported in dangerously crowded conditions. Gunmen opened fired on a group of people at an auto body shop in the Gulf Coast state of Tabasco, killing 8 people and badly wounding 2 others. A ninth victim died of his wounds the next day. Gunmen ambushed and killed three police officers in a suburb of Monterrey.
    (AP, 5/18/11)(AP, 5/18/11)
2011        May 17, Myanmar began releasing 17,000 prisoners, under a clemency program that sparked outrage from critics as it leaves more than 2,000 political detainees languishing in jail.
    (AFP, 5/17/11)
2011        May 17, Pakistan's PM Yousuf Raza Gilani declared China his country's best friend in an apparent dig at Washington as he began a visit to China. China is Pakistan’s main arms supplier. Pakistan last week opened a 330-megawatt nuclear power plant in central Punjab province with Chinese help and said Beijing had been contracted to construct two more reactors.
    (AFP, 5/17/11)
2011        May 17, Pakistani troops and a NATO helicopter that crossed into Pakistani territory exchanged fire, wounding two soldiers. The Pakistani army said it lodged a strong protest and demanded a meeting with NATO officials to discuss the incident. The army said a "senior al-Qaida operative" had been arrested in the port city of Karachi. A statement said Yemeni national Muhammad Ali Qasim Yaqub, alias Abu Sohaib Al Makki, had been working directly under al Qaida leaders along the border between Pakistan and Afghanistan.
    (AP, 5/17/11)
2011        May 17, Pakistani security forces shot and killed 5 alleged suicide bombers, including three women, when they tried to attack an army checkpoint in the southwestern city of Quetta. A bomb disposal squad in its report released in Quetta on May 21 said the alleged attackers, one Tajik and 4 from Chechnya were unarmed. A post mortem report said one of the women was pregnant with 7-month baby. In October Pakistan sacked 2 police officers over the killings.
    (AFP, 5/21/11)(AFP, 10/26/11)
2011        May 17, In Puerto Rico Jorge de Castro Font (47), an influential former senator whose testimony helped convict an ex-colleague and has bolstered federal investigations against other high-ranking politicians, was sentenced to five years in prison after having pleaded guilty to corruption charges. De Castro was accused of soliciting up to $525,000 in cash and other benefits including meals and private flights from 2005 to 2008 and of promising to block or advance certain bills as chair of the powerful rules committee.
    (AP, 5/18/11)
2011        May 17, Doku Umarov, leader of an Islamist insurgency in the North Caucasus, posted an interview saying Osama bin Laden's death would not stop violence and hinted at more attacks, calling all of Russia a "battleground."
    (Reuters, 5/17/11)
2011        May 17, Sierra Leone police seized three tons of marijuana with an estimated street value of some $10 million, one of its biggest seizures in recent years. Authorities said they are fighting the increased production of marijuana, mainly by unemployed youths looking for ways to earn money.
    (Reuters, 5/18/11)
2011        May 17, In South Korea hundreds of prostitutes and pimps rallied near a red-light district in Seoul to protest a police crackdown on brothels, with some unsuccessfully attempting to set themselves on fire.
    (AP, 5/17/11)
2011        May 17, Spanish wind turbine giant Gamesa said it had won a $2 billion (1.4-billion-euro) deal to supply turbines in India, touting it as one of the largest contracts of its kind in the world.
    (AFP, 5/17/11)
2011        May 17, The Swiss-based World Health Organization said it will cut $1 billion from its next budget because of financial problems among rich donor nations and the exchange rate for the weak US dollar.
    (AP, 5/17/11)
2011        May 17, Syria's opposition called for a general strike on May 18 in defiance of a government campaign to crush pro-democracy protests, as the army presses its siege of the restive town of Tall Kalakh, the latest target of its brutal crackdown. Syrian government agents chased students who were protesting against President Bashar Assad's regime at campus in Aleppo, beating them with batons and injuring dozens.
    (AFP, 5/17/11)(AP, 5/17/11)
2011        May 17, Taiwanese health authorities investigating illegal gender-selective abortions warned that doctors found guilty of the practice may have their licenses revoked.
    (AFP, 5/17/11)
2011        May 17, In Tanzania the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda sentenced Maj. Gen. Augustin Bizimungu to 30 years in prison for ordering killings during the 1994 genocide. Three other top officers were also sentenced. Bizimungu was captured in Angola in 2002. The ICTR also convicted the head of the paramilitary police at the time, Augustin Ndindiliyimana, of genocide crimes but ordered his release as he had already spent 11 years in jail.
    (AP, 5/17/11)(AFP, 5/17/11)
2011        May 17, In Venezuela the body of journalist Wilfred Ivan Ojeda (56) was found in a vacant lot in the town of La Victoria. He had been shot in the head and was found gagged and hooded with his hands bound. He was a local political activist for the opposition party Democratic Action and a columnist for the small daily El Clarin in the rural town.
    (AP, 5/18/11)

2011        May 18, The US slapped sanctions on Syrian Pres. Bashar Assad and six of his senior officials for human rights abuses.
    (SFC, 5/19/11, p.A4)
2011        May 18, The John Jay college of Criminal Justice released a $2 million report titled: “The Causes and Contexts of Sexual Abuse of Minors by Catholic Priests in the United States, 1950-2010." The Catholic church provided funding and cooperation.
    (SFC, 5/18/11, p.A5)
2011        May 18, Oakland, Ca., police shot and killed 2 men on Curran Ave. In 2012 a probe charged 4 men with conspiracy to commit murder and alleged that the 2 men killed were part of the conspiracy. Prosecutors cleared the police officers involved.
    (SFC, 6/30/12, p.C1)
2011        May 18, IMF chief Dominique Strauss-Kahn resigned amidst sexual assault charges in NYC.
    (SFC, 5/19/11, p.A8)
2011        May 18, In the Gulf of Mexico off the Mississippi coast the Eurus London, a 660-foot commercial cargo boat, and the Sandy Point, a 163-foot fishing boat, collided about eight miles south of Gulfport between Cat Island and Ship Island around 8:50 p.m. The Sandy Point sank after the collision with 16 people aboard. 3 Sandy Point crew members drowned in the accident.
    (AP, 5/19/11)(AP, 5/23/11)
2011        May 18, Texas officials said the worst state drought in decades has cost $1.5 billion in agricultural losses.
    (SFC, 5/19/11, p.A6)
2011        May 18, An Afghan detainee at the Guantanamo Bay prison died in an apparent suicide. The prisoner, known only by the name Inayatullah, had been held without charge at Guantanamo since September 2007. The military said he was an admitted planner for al Qaida terrorist operations, and acknowledged facilitating the movement of foreign fighters. Inayatullah had twice before tried to kill himself at the US base and had a long-term mental illness that predated his time in custody.
    (AP, 5/18/11)(AP, 5/19/11)
2011        May 18, In Afghanistan hundreds of protesters, angered by an overnight NATO raid that they believed killed four civilians, clashed with security forces on the streets of Taloqan, Takhar province. At least 12 people died in the fighting. A suicide bomber crashed a car into a police bus, killing 14 people and wounding 16 in Nangarhar province. In the south a NATO service member died in an insurgent attack.
    (AP, 5/18/11)(AP, 5/19/11)(SFC, 5/20/11, p.A2)
2011        May 18, In Argentina a turboprop plane carrying 22 people crashed and exploded in the southern Patagonia region, killing all on board.
    (AP, 5/19/11)
2011        May 18, Brazil said it has set up a crisis center to combat increased deforestation in the Amazon rain forest. Satellite data showed a significant increase in deforestation over the past two months.
    (SFC, 5/19/11, p.A2)
2011        May 18, China’s Cabinet acknowledged that its $23 billion    Three Gorges Dam required action to curb pollution, counter risks of possible natural disasters and improve life for the 1.4 million people who were forced to relocate.
    (AP, 5/22/11)
2011        May 18, China and Pakistan signed three agreements in Beijing on economic and technology cooperation, banking and mining.
    (AP, 5/18/11)   
2011        May 18, Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood said the party it formed to contest elections has chosen a Christian intellectual as vice president and numbers almost 100 Coptic Christians among its founding members.
    (AFP, 5/18/11)
2011        May 18, Hong Kong’s new Mercantile Exchange began trading a dollar-denominated futures contract tied to the physical delivery of gold.
    (Econ, 5/14/11, p.94)
2011        May 18, The Libyan government released four foreign journalists. Americans Clare Morgana Gillis and James Foley, British freelance reporter Nigel Chandler and Spanish photographer Manuel Varela, appeared at a Tripoli hotel after being released from six weeks detention.
    (AP, 5/19/11)
2011        May 18, A Mexican prison brawl in which inmates battled with guns and knives left eight detainees dead and 11 others wounded in the northern city of Durango. Mexican soldiers seized a big cache of weapons after fighting a running gunbattle with drug cartel gunmen fleeing in a 17-vehicle convoy on the outskirts of Matamoros. 3 suspected gunmen were killed and 3 captured.
    (AFP, 5/19/11)(AP, 5/19/11)
2011        May 18, In Myanmar a bomb exploded on a passenger train near the capital, killing two people and injuring nine.
    (AP, 5/18/11)
2011        May 18, In Pakistan more than 70 militants attacked a security checkpost on the outskirts of Peshawar, triggering a shootout that killed two security forces and wounded five. Police said at least 15 insurgents were killed.
    (Reuters, 5/18/11)
2011        May 18, Missing journalist Dorothy Parvaz, who was held by Iranian authorities after being detained in Syria, arrived in her company's home base of Qatar after winning her freedom.
    (AP, 5/18/11)
2011        May 18, Scotland's pro-independence First Minister Alex Salmond called for Edinburgh to have greater powers and more say in European affairs as he was officially re-elected for a second term.
    (AFP, 5/18/11)
2011        May 18, In Somalia shells fired in battles between insurgent militant Islamists and African Union forces at a Mogadishu market left at least 14 civilian dead.
    (AFP, 5/18/11)
2011        May 18, South Africa held municipal elections with growing anger over corruption scandals and poor basic services expected to dent support for the powerful ruling African National Congress. The ANC was expected to win in the overwhelming majority of the country's 278 municipalities. Voters handed the ANC a 63.6% majority, with most of the votes counted. The Democratic Alliance saw its support jump to 22.1%.
    (AFP, 5/18/11)(Reuters, 5/20/11)
2011        May 18, The Swiss government passed a measure restricting arms sales to Syria and freezing the assets and banning the travel to Switzerland of 13 senior Syrian officials.
    (AP, 5/18/11)
2011        May 18, In Tunisia suspected Libyan Al-Qaeda militants exchanged fire with security forces, leaving two alleged militants and a Tunisian colonel dead.
    (AFP, 5/18/11)
2011        May 18, A Turkish website that posted compromising videos which forced four far-right politicians to resign threatened to post new sex videos that could hurt more opposition politicians ahead of next month's election.
    (AP, 5/18/11) 
2011        May 18, Yemen's president and opposition, pressed by Western and Gulf mediators, agreed to sign a deal for a transition of power that would end the rule of Ali Abdullah Saleh within a month.
    (AP, 5/18/11)

2011        May 19, President Barack Obama laid out a new US strategy toward a skeptical Arab world, offering fresh aid to promote democratic change as he seeks to shape the outcome of popular uprisings threatening both friends and foes.
    (Reuters, 5/19/11)
2011        May 19, A US federal judge awarded $300 million in punitive damages in each of two suicide bombings blamed on Iran and Iranian-backed Islamic groups. One ruling came on behalf of the family of Alan Beer, a US citizen who was killed in Jerusalem in 2003 in the bombing of a bus by the Iran-backed organization Hamas. The other was made to American citizen Seth Haim, his father and his brother. They were injured in the 1995 bombing of a bus in the Gaza Strip by the Iranian-supported Shaqaqi Faction of the Palestine Islamic Jihad.
    (AP, 5/19/11)
2011        May 19, San Francisco Mayor Ed Lee signed legislation banning the unsolicited distribution of Yellow Pages in the city.
    (SFC, 5/26/11, p.C1)
2011        May 19, A US judge in NYC agreed to allow IMF chief Dominique Strauss-Kahn (62) to be freed on $1 million bail, but remain under house arrest.
    (SFC, 5/20/11, p.A7)
2011        May 19, Doctors in Oregon announced that electrodes implanted on the spinal cord of Rob Summers (25) had reactivated nerve circuits and allowed him to consciously move body parts that had been paralyzed following a 2006 hit and run accident.
    (SFC, 5/20/11, p.A8)
2011        May 19, The Mississippi River crested at over 14 feet above flood stage in Vicksburg, Mississippi. The flooding left one man dead.
    (SFC, 5/20/11, p.A6)
2011        May 19, The LinkedIn IPO was priced at $45 per share and closed at $94.25 after reaching a high of $122.70. It was the first major US social networking company to sell stock on a public market.
    (SFC, 5/20/11, p.A1)
2011        May 19, A Bahraini security court announced the sentencing of a prominent Shiite cleric and eight others to 20 years in prison for the alleged kidnapping of a police officer.
    (AP, 5/19/11)
2011        May 19, Amnesty International said Egyptian authorities continue to restrict freedom of assembly, torture detainees and try civilians in military courts, highlighting the urgent need for reform.
    (AP, 5/19/11)
2011        May 19, Guyana police detained Akbar Muhammad, a visiting US Muslim cleric and longtime aide to Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan, on suspicion of ties to drugs and terrorism. Muhammad was released by Guyanese authorities the next day and demanded an official apology from the government.
    (AP, 5/20/11)(AP, 5/20/11)
2011        May 19, India's most powerful politician, Sonia Gandhi, promised to push forward with legislation to reform land acquisition rules after deadly clashes near the national capital.
    (AFP, 5/19/11) 
2011        May 19, In Iraq twin bombs that lured policemen out of their fortified headquarters in Kirkuk killed 27 people, most of them police officers. A third bomb, planted on a road, set cars and trucks ablaze when it exploded about 550 yards (500 m) away, targeting a police patrol near a mosque wounding eight people.
    (AP, 5/19/11)
2011        May 19, Garret FitzGerald (b.1926)), Ireland's most popular elder statesman, died. He twice served as prime minister (1981-1982, 1982-1987) and played a crucial role in paving the way for peace in Northern Ireland.
    (Reuters, 5/19/11)
2011        May 19, Takeda Pharmaceutical Co. said it will buy Switzerland's Nycomed for $13.6 billion, giving Japan's biggest drugmaker coveted access to emerging markets.
    (AP, 5/19/11)
2011        May 19, In Libya Gadhafi forces shelled the main rebel stronghold in the strategic Nafusa mountains southwest of the Libyan capital, pounding the area with rockets.
    (AP, 5/19/11)
2011        May 19, In northeastern Nigeria a bomb went off wounding five soldiers and policemen just hours after a gang of suspected Islamists raided a police station.
    (AFP, 5/19/11)
2011        May 19, In Puerto Rico a jury convicted five people of fraudulently obtaining medical licenses to work as doctors in the US territory.
    (AP, 5/20/11)
2011        May 19, In South Africa more than 700 people were injured, 70 of them seriously, when two commuter trains collided in the Soweto township outside Johannesburg.
    (Reuters, 5/20/11)
2011        May 19, A South Korean court boosted the amount the government must pay a group of North Korean defectors who say a leak of their identities led to retaliation against their families in the North.
    (AP, 5/19/11)
2011        May 19, Thousands of Spaniards defied a ban on a pre-election demonstration and mounted a protest camp in the heart of Madrid to express anger at political parties and the country's handling of the economic crisis. Spain is battling to emerge from nearly two years of recession that has left it with a swollen deficit and a staggering 21.3% unemployment rate.
    (AP, 5/19/11)
2011        May 19, In Sudan a UN convoy transporting 200 northern army troops was attacked as they were pulling out of the contested region of Abyei along the north-south border. Sudan's army spokesman said northern troops were ambushed by the southern army and suffered "huge losses." A spokesman for the south's Sudan Peoples' Liberation Army (SPLA) said the northern forces provoked the fighting in at attempt to seize the disputed area. 70 northern troops were killed and more than 120 others were missing.
    (AP, 5/20/11)(AP, 5/24/11)
2011        May 19, The Syrian army shelled the border town of Talkalakh overnight and early today, sparking gunbattles that killed at least 8 people. The government condemned US sanctions targeting President Bashar Assad.
    (AP, 5/19/11)
2011        May 19, Ugandan police placed the country's top opposition leader under house arrest to prevent what authorities said could be a destructive protest march.
    (AP, 5/19/11)

2011        May 20, President Barack Obama met with Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu. Netanyahu warned Obama against chasing what he called a Middle East peace "based on illusions" as he lectured the US president amid a widening rift in US-Israeli ties.
    (AFP, 5/20/11)(AFP, 5/21/11)
2011        May 20, The Embassy of the United States of America announced the official opening of the Office of the U.S. Secret Service in Estonia. The Secret Service office will work closely with its law enforcement partners within the criminal investigative infrastructure in the Baltic nations of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
    (www.estonianfreepress.com)
2011        May 20, In California San Leandro police detective Jason Fredriksson (38) was charged with giving over a pound of marijuana to a confidential informant, with whom he had an extra-marital affair, so that she could sell it.
    (SFC, 5/21/11, p.A1)
2011        May 20, In Oakland, Ca., Antonio Torres (42) was robbed and killed while working on the front yard of his home on 34th Ave. In September David Lee Hall (19) and three other youths (15,16,17) were charged with his murder.
    (SFC, 9/14/11, p.C4)
2011        May 20, Randy "Macho Man" Savage (58), a larger-than-life personality from professional wrestling's 1980s flying-elbow heyday known for his raspy voice, brash style and the young woman named Miss Elizabeth who often accompanied him, died in a car crash in Florida.
    (AP, 5/21/11)
2011        May 20, A London court sentenced a former government minister to 16 months in prison over the largest bogus claim exposed in Britain's lawmaker expenses scandal. Elliot Morley (58), former Labour Party politician, had pleaded guilty last month to two charges of false accounting over bills worth 32,000 pounds (nearly $52,000).
    (AP, 5/20/11)
2011        May 20, BP said that it had recovered more than $1.0 billion in costs linked to last year's devastating Gulf of Mexico oil spill from a US subsidiary of Japanese trading house Mitsui & Co. MOEX USA Corporation held a 10-percent stake in the Macondo well project.
    (AP, 5/20/11)
2011        May 20, Canadian PM Stephen Harper toured the town of Slave Lake, Alberta, where hundreds of homes, businesses and public buildings had gone up in flames. 56 fires continued to burn across the north of Canada's biggest energy producing province. Ten of the fires were out of control.
    (Reuters, 5/20/11)
2011        May 20, In China 2 workers were initially killed and 16 injured in the explosion at the plant of a Foxconn subsidiary in Chengdu. A seriously injured worker died two days later. The iPad 2 was being made in the building hit by the blast.
    (AFP, 5/22/11)
2011        May 20, A company China says is controlled by artist Ai Weiwei was accused of massive tax evasion in the government's clearest disclosure yet about its investigation of the activist detained more than six weeks.
    (AP, 5/20/11)
2011        May 20, In Guatemala Hugo Gomez Vasquez, the main suspect in the May 16 drug-cartel massacre of 27 farmworkers and relatives in Peten province, was arraigned on charges including conspiracy to murder and kidnapping.
    (AP, 5/20/11)
2011        May 20, Indian police brought formal charges against the Delhi Commonwealth Games chief for alleged fraud involving a $31 million deal awarded to Swiss Timing for timekeeping equipment. The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) filed a 50-page charge sheet in a New Delhi court against Suresh Kalmadi and eight others for their role in the contract.
    (AFP, 5/20/11)
2011        May 20, Iranian news reported that the state constitutional watchdog body has ruled that the president cannot serve as the country's caretaker oil minister.
    (AP, 5/20/11)
2011        May 20, Japan's Cabinet approved a plan to join a global child custody treaty, amid foreign pressure on Tokyo to revise policies some say allow Japanese mothers to too easily take their children away from foreign fathers.
    (AP, 5/20/11)
2011        May 20, Japan's Tokyo Electric Power posted a record $15 billion loss and Masataka Shimizu, its under-fire president, resigned to take responsibility for the worst nuclear crisis since Chernobyl 25 years ago.
    (AFP, 5/20/11)
2011        May 20, In Libya NATO fighter jets struck three ports in bombing runs overnight, targeting Gadhafi's navy with a goal of protecting the nearby rebel-held port of Misrata. A NATO strike this morning hit a police academy in the Tripoli neighborhood of Tajoura. An international aid group said that 3,800 Chadians who fled fighting in Libya are stranded in a remote desert town in northern Chad. NATO warplanes bombed command centers near Tripoli and in the southwest as part of a continuing effort to cut communications links between Gadhafi and his units on the battlefields.
    (AP, 5/20/11)(AP, 5/21/11)
2011        May 20, Mexican federal police captured Gilberto Barragan Balderas (41), a leading member of the Gulf drug cartel, at what appeared to have been his birthday party. In Zacatecas state at least 10 people were killed in a gunbattle apparently involving the Zetas and a rival front of gangs known as the "United Cartels." In the north a fire killed 14 inmates at a prison in the town of Apodaca, Nuevo Leon state. Police in the Pacific coast state of Guerrero reported they found the decapitated bodies of four men in the township of Tecpan de Galeana.
    (AP, 5/20/11)
2011        May 20, In Mexico retired Gen. Jorge Juarez Loera was shot and killed in a suburb of Mexico City after a road accident.
    (AP, 5/23/11)
2011        May 20, Pakistani defense officials said China has agreed to provide Pakistan with 50 more fighter jets in a deal clinched during Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gilani's trip to Beijing.
    (AP, 5/20/11) 
2011        May 20, Pakistan's Taliban attacked a US consulate convoy in Peshawar. Police said a car bomb was by remote control as the convoy passed, killing one Pakistani. Twelve people were wounded including 2 US security guards.
    (Reuters, 5/20/11)
2011        May 20, Two young Palestinians were moderately wounded in Gaza when Israeli troops opened fire at a protest near the border fence.
    (AFP, 5/20/11)
2011        May 20, The IMF approved providing Portugal with $36.8 billion as part of a rescue package to help the country tackle its debt.
    (SFC, 5/21/11, p.D2)
2011        May 20, In Sweden a 43-year old man was charged with having provided 23 women with 510 films and photos of children being exploited in "especially ruthless" manner. The 23 women from across Sweden were charged with involvement in what investigators call a unique child pornography case.
    (AP, 5/20/11)
2011        May 20, Swedish defense group Saab said an ongoing probe into reports it had secretly paid millions of euros to ensure South Africa did not back out of a deal to buy 26 fighter jets had turned up no evidence of wrongdoing.
    (AP, 5/20/11)
2011        May 20, Syrian security forces opened fire on protests around the country in the latest sign the conflict could be moving toward a long and bloody stalemate. The crackdown on protesters in different parts of the country left at least 44 people dead, making it one of the deadliest days since an uprising against Pres. Assad's regime began two months ago.
    (AP, 5/20/11)(AP, 5/21/11)
2011        May 20, In western Turkey a 5.9-magnitude earthquake damaged buildings in Simav. At least three people were killed in the region.
    (AP, 5/20/11)
2011        May 20, In southern Vietnam a tour boat cruising the Saigon River to celebrate a 3-year-old's birthday capsized during a violent storm, killing the boy, four other children and 10 adults.
    (AP, 5/21/11)
2011        May 20, Yemen's Pres. Ali Abdullah Saleh called for early presidential elections, ignoring an earlier promise to sign a deal that would end his decades-long rule.
    (AP, 5/20/11)

2011        May 21, Hackers launched a "significant and tenacious" cyber attack on Lockheed Martin, a major defense contractor holding highly sensitive information.
    (AP, 5/29/11)
2011        May 21, It was reported that a mutated form of equine herpes virus-1  has killed at least 7 horses and sickened another 37 in 8 states including 14 in California.
    (SFC, 5/21/11, p.D1)
2011        May 21, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber killed at least 6 medical students and wounded 23 more at a military hospital in a heavily-guarded area of Kabul. 3 Afghan policemen were killed and 3 wounded when their vehicle was struck by a roadside bomb in the western province of Herat. A border police officer was killed when his vehicle was struck by a roadside bomb in the Spin Boldak district of Kandahar.
    (AFP, 5/21/11)(AP, 5/22/11)
2011        May 21, Iran's Intelligence Ministry claimed that it has arrested at least 30 people allegedly linked to a CIA-run spy network in accusations that also could spill over into the country's deepening political power struggles.
    (AP, 5/21/11)
2011        May 21, Iranian dissident Mohammad Rasoulof won the Cannes prize for best director in the Un Certain Regard section but could not attend because of "Kafkaesque" authorities at home.
    (AFP, 5/21/11)
2011        May 21, In northern Iraq violence in the disputed  province of Kirkuk left five people dead, just two days after a string of anti-police attacks in the region killed 29.
    (AP, 5/21/11)
2011        May 21, In Ivory Coast Alassane Ouattara was inaugurated as the president, in a ceremony meant to mark the return of constitutional order and the end of a political standoff that sparked a conflict that killed hundreds earlier this year.
    (AP, 5/21/11)
2011        May 21, The leaders of Japan, China and South Korea travelled to Fukushima in a show of solidarity over the ongoing nuclear crisis, visiting evacuees left homeless by the quake and tsunami.
    (AFP, 5/21/11)
2011        May 21, In Malaysia a landslide left 15 boys and one adult dead at an orphanage for ethnic Malay Muslim boys in a village in central Selangor state. 9 people survived.
    (AP, 5/21/11)(AP, 5/22/11)
2011        May 21, Mexican marines were confronted when passing by what proved to be a gang safe house in the Durango state capital, also named Durango. Gunmen fired at the marines, who shot back then rushed into the house, killing three alleged criminals.
    (AP, 5/23/11)
2011        May 21, In the Netherlands the Salesian order's top official, Delegate Herman Spronck, confirmed in a statement that a priest, identified by RTL Nieuws as 73-year-old "Father Van B.," had served on the board of "Martijn," a group that campaigns to end the Dutch ban on adult-child sex.
    (AP, 5/21/11)
2011        May 21, North Korean leader Kim Jong Il was said to have visited an industrial city in northeastern China and appeared headed to Beijing by train on the second day of a mysterious trip to his country's most important ally.
    (AP, 5/21/11)
2011        May 21, In the Khyber region of Pakistan a bomb attack on a NATO fuel tanker headed to Afghanistan sparked a huge fire that killed 15 people who had been scrambling to collect petrol leaking out from the bombed-out vehicle. 11 other NATO supply vehicles, "most of them oil tankers," were destroyed at a terminal in nearby Torkham town.
    (AFP, 5/21/11)
2011        May 21, Palestinian officials said that Israel's dismissive response to President Barack Obama's new Mideast peace proposal proves there's not enough common ground for meaningful negotiations.
    (AP, 5/21/11)
2011        May 21, Masked Palestinians shot dead Omar Helwan (32) of Beit Dajan village. The West Bank man was suspected of spying for Israel. This was the second such killing in the occupied territory this month.
    (Reuters, 5/21/11)
2011        May 21, Russia's oil pipeline monopoly said it would appeal a court ruling ordering it to release board meeting minutes, saying an anti-corruption blogger wanted the information as part of a conspiracy against Russia.
    (Reuters, 5/21/11)
2011        May 21, Seychelles' incumbent President James Michel said he was confident of re-election as residents of the archipelago's three main islands voted on the final day of a three-day polling. Michel from the ruling Lepep party took 55 percent of the vote.
    (AFP, 5/21/11)(AP, 5/22/11)
2011        May 21, Southern Sudan's army said the northern army is bombing by air for a second day in the border hotspot of Abyei. Local officials said at least six rebels and soldiers have been killed in clashes between the southern army and rebels over the last 24 hours in Unity state. Northern Sudanese forces with tanks occupied the disputed town of Abyei, scattering southern troops that were there as part of a joint security unit.
    (AP, 5/21/11)(AP, 5/22/11)
2011        May 21, Spanish protesters furious over soaring unemployment remained camped in a Madrid square after all-night festivities in defiance of a 48-hour ban ahead of local elections.
    (AFP, 5/21/11)
2011        May 21, In Syria at least five people were killed while marching during the funeral procession of several people among 44 killed during protests a day earlier.
    (AFP, 5/22/11)
2011        May 21, Thailand police arrested a man suspected of being a key player in one of Thailand's largest tiger trafficking rings.
    (AP, 5/22/11)
2011        May 21, Six senior politicians in a Turkish opposition party resigned amid a sex video scandal that could have far-reaching consequences in elections on June 12.
    (AP, 5/21/11)
2011        May 21, In Venezuela inmates at a Caracas prison freed the warden and 14 other officers after holding them hostage for more than a day.
    (AP, 5/21/11)
2011        May 21, Yemeni Pres. Ali Abdullah Saleh condemned a US-backed proposal by Gulf Arab nations that he step down, calling it "a coup over legitimacy," and warning of an al-Qaida takeover if he leaves office. The deal would give Saleh immunity from prosecution if he steps down within 30 days.
    (AP, 5/21/11)

2011        May 22, A massive tornado that tore a 6-mile path across southwestern Missouri killed at least 117 people as it slammed into the city of Joplin leaving a forest of splintered tree trunks behind where entire neighborhoods once stood. The National Weather Service said it was the single deadliest twister in the past 60 years. In June death toll reached 154.
    (AP, 5/23/11)(AP, 5/24/11)(Reuters, 6/5/11)(SSFC, 6/19/11, p.A8)
2011        May 22, Joseph Brooks (73), the Academy Award-winning songwriter of "You Light Up My Life" (1977), was found dead in NYC of an apparent suicide while awaiting trial on charges of sexually assaulting more than a dozen women and just months after his son was accused of murdering a swimsuit designer.
    (AP, 5/23/11)
2011        May 22, In Afghanistan 6 members of the Afghan security forces died when the Taliban stormed a traffic police office in Khost city and two suicide bombers detonated themselves, triggering a nine-hour stand-off. Two female civilians died and five others including four women were wounded in the southern province of Zabul when the tractor they were travelling in hit a roadside mine.
    (AFP, 5/22/11)
2011        May 22, In Brazil about 1,000 people gathered in Sao Paulo to protest against proposed laws in favor of Brazilian farmers who are seeking more space to raise cattle. They said that the  environmental law changes would increase deforestation in the Amazon.
    (AP, 5/22/11)
2011        May 22, In Brazil a boat carrying more than 100 passengers sank in a lake in Rio de Janeiro. Rescue workers said a baby was dead and seven people were missing.
    (AP, 5/23/11)
2011        May 22, The last of Britain's military forces in Iraq pulled up anchor, ending more than eight years of fighting militants and training security forces since invading in 2003.
    (AP, 5/22/11)
2011        May 22, Auction site eBay said a bidder paid £81,100 ($131,648) for a silk bow hat worn by Princess Beatrice to last month’s royal wedding. The Philip Treacy creation was put on sale to raise money for UNICEF and Children in crises.
    (SFC, 5/23/11, p.A2)
2011        May 22, An Egyptian court condemned a policeman to death for killing 20 protesters, in the first such sentencing of a security forces member for the murder of demonstrators during a January-February revolt.
    (AFP, 5/22/11)
2011        May 22, The European Union established formal diplomatic contact with the opposition seeking to topple Moammar Gadhafi by opening an office in the eastern rebel stronghold of Benghazi and promised support for a democratic Libya.
    (AP, 5/22/11)
2011        May 22, The Cannes Film Festival awarded its top prize to the drama “Tree of Life" by Terence Malick. Kirsten Dunst too the best actress prize for “Melancholia." Jean Dujardin claimed the best actor prize for the silent film “The Artist."
    (SFC, 5/23/11, p.E2)
2011        May 22, Honduras President Porfirio Lobo signed an agreement allowing the country’s re-entry into the Organization of American States and the return of ousted leader Manuel Zelaya to his homeland.
    (AP, 5/22/11)
2011        May 22, Iceland closed its main international airport and canceled all domestic flights as the Grimsvotn volcano sent a plume of ash, smoke and steam 12 miles (20 km) high.
    (AP, 5/22/11)
2011        May 22, Iran's Arabic-language state television said a new surface-to-surface missiles, Qiyam (Resurrection) 1, were successfully tested and delivered to the armed forces today.
    (Reuters, 5/22/11)
2011        May 22, In Iraq a rapid-fire series of explosions in and around Baghdad killed 20 people, including 10 people who died when a suicide bomber blew himself up in a crowd of police officers in Taji. 2 US soldiers were killed by a bomb near Camp Victory. In the northern city of Kirkuk, police found the dead body of a man believed to be in his late 20s. The man's hands were tied behind his back and he was killed execution-style with a bullet to the back of his head.
    (AP, 5/22/11)(SFC, 5/23/11, p.A3)
2011        May 22, Anti-settlement NGO Peace Now reported that Israeli Defense Minister Ehud Barak has approved the construction of 294 new homes in Beitar Ilit settlement on the occupied West Bank.
    (AFP, 5/22/11)
2011        May 22, In Japan the leaders of China and South Korea agreed to bolster efforts to aid disaster recovery as they met with the Japanese prime minister to smooth over differences on Tokyo's handling of its post-tsunami nuclear crisis.
    (AP, 5/22/11)
2011        May 22, In Libya NATO warplanes carried out raids against the port of Tripoli and the residence of Moamer Kadhafi near the center of the capital.
    (AFP, 5/22/11)
2011        May 22, In Mexico Durango state officers discovered a fake road checkpoint set up by gang members about 70 miles (110 km) north of Durango city and summoned soldiers. A gunbattle erupted, leaving five civilians dead and three state officers wounded.
    (AP, 5/23/11)
2011        May 22, Moroccan police beat protesters who defied a ban on demonstrations across the country, leading to arrests and dozens of injuries, some of them life threatening.
    (Reuters, 5/22/11)
2011        May 22, In Pakistan as few as six Taliban gunmen launched a brazen attack on the PNS Mehran base in Karachi to avenge the killing of Osama bin Laden. At least 10 military personnel were killed and 20 wounded in the assault. 2 US-made surveillance planes were destroyed.
    (AP, 5/23/11)(AFP, 5/23/11)
2011        May 22, Saudi authorities re-arrested activist Manal al-Sherif, who defied a ban on female drivers. She was detained for several hours a day earlier by the country's religious police and released after she signed a pledge agreeing not to drive. Saudi Arabia is the only country in the world that bans women, both Saudi and foreign, from driving.
    (AP, 5/23/11)
2011        May 22, Somali government troops backed by African Union forces advanced towards Mogadishu's main market, a stronghold of the Islamist Shebab rebels, amid a heavy firefight that claimed two lives.
    (AFP, 5/22/11)
2011        May 22, In South Africa 2 officers were shot dead and their guns stolen in a Cape Town squatter camp. On May 19 two officers were killed after raiding a building in eastern KwaZulu-Natal province. The national police chief called the violence against police a crises. 
    (AP, 5/22/11)
2011        May 22, South Korea said the United States has agreed on a joint investigation after American veterans claimed they buried large amounts of Agent Orange at the Camp Carroll US military base in South Korea in 1978. Environmental tests already confirmed extremely high levels of dioxin in people, fish and soil near the Camp Carroll air base.
    (AP, 5/22/11)(AP, 6/2/11)
2011        May 22, Spain held regional and municipal elections as protesters, fuming over mass unemployment, defied a ban on their swelling movement. The ruling Socialists suffered a crushing defeat to the conservative opposition Popular Party.
    (AFP, 5/22/11)(SFC, 5/23/11, p.A4)
2011        May 22, Northern Sudanese troops seized control of most of Abyei district on Sudan's north-south border as the south accused Khartoum of an "illegal invasion" that threatens the lives of thousands.
    (AFP, 5/22/11)
2011        May 22, Vietnam held parliamentary elections.
    (AP, 5/22/11)

2011        May 23, President Obama arrived in Ireland to begin a six-day European tour. The president took a helicopter from Dublin for a quick visit to Moneygall, the site of a piece of his ancestry. Falmouth Kearney, a shoemaker and Obama's thrice-removed grandfather on his Kansas-born mother's side, left Moneygall for the US in 1850 at the height of Ireland's Great Famine. Obama's roots in the town were discovered during the 2008 presidential campaign.
    (AP, 5/23/11)
2011        May 23, The US Supreme Court said California must reduce its prison population by over 30,000 in two years to address its inadequate prison health care system.
    (SFC, 5/24/11, p.A1)
2011        May 23, Bradley Franzen (41) pleaded guilty in a Manhattan court to bank fraud, money laundering and illegal gambling offenses. The US president of a Costa Rica-based company faced up to 30 years in prison for illegally processing payments for Internet poker firms.
    (AFP, 5/23/11)
2011        May 23, Reputed Philadelphia mob boss Joseph Ligambi and 12 others were indicted with charges of racketeering and gambling.
    (SFC, 5/24/11, p.A4)
2011        May 23, Square, a startup co-founded by Jack Dorsey (one of the creators of Twitter), unveiled a new payment system that undercut credit card processing fees charged to small businesses and making it easy for them to accept digital payments.
    (Econ, 5/28/11, p.79)
2011        May 23, A spokesman for the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria said the group has halted payments for program in China amid mismanagement by a public agency.
    (AFP, 5/23/11)
2011        May 23, In southern Afghanistan a NATO service member died in an explosion. NATO forces in southern Helmand province conducting a search shot and killed an Afghan who they said acted hostile and raised an object toward troops. The object was a flashlight. An unnamed intelligence source said Taliban leader Muhammad Omar was shot dead 2 days earlier as he moved from Quetta, Pakistan, to North Waziristan. There was no confirmation.
    (AP, 5/24/11)(SFC, 5/24/11, p.A3)
2011        May 23, In Argentina Dr. Carlos Livio Warter (61) was arrested at his home in a wealthy Buenos Aires neighborhood, on charges of falsely billing $1 million in health insurance claims in Hawaii. He worked as a psychiatrist and led seminars based on his latest book, "Pathways to the Soul." Warter was charged in August 2009 with 37 state felonies accusing him of Medicare fraud, each punishable by up to five years in prison. This February he voluntarily surrendered his medical license for failure to comply with professional conduct laws. In 1982 Warter was convicted of falsifying reports in Denver. A 2009 notice from Washington state's Medical Quality Assurance Commission said "The conviction was based on your stipulation that you overcharged the state of Colorado, through the Medicaid system, in the sum of $44,500." The notice was sent to Warter in denying his application to practice medicine there.
    (AP, 5/25/11)(AP, 5/25/11)
2011        May 23, In Burkina Faso thousands of students took to the streets of the capital burning tires and chanting in support of teachers who are demanding better conditions.
    (AP, 5/23/11)
2011        May 23, Chile exhumed the remains of President Salvador Allende for an autopsy to determine whether he committed suicide or was assassinated during the 1973 military coup.
    (AP, 5/23/11)
2011        May 23, Dominican Rep. Deputy Health Minister Jose Rodriguez said there have been 1,143 cases of cholera and 14 deaths since the outbreak began in November. The number of new cases reported today is up about 50 percent since the middle of May.
    (AP, 5/23/11)
2011        May 23, EU foreign ministers decided to impose asset freezes and travel bans on more Iranian officials and companies with links to the nuclear program. It was not yet clear how many officials and companies were involved.
    (AP, 5/23/11)
2011        May 23, The EU imposed sanctions on Syrian President Bashar Assad because of his government's continuing crackdown on anti-government protesters, condemning the violence in which more than 900 people have reportedly been killed.
    (AP, 5/23/11)
2011        May 23, A French diplomatic source said France and other members of a NATO-led coalition plan to deploy attack helicopters in Libya, a move aimed at ramping up pressure against Muammar Gaddafi's forces.
    (Reuters, 5/23/11)
2011        May 23, Greece said it will immediately start selling state assets and take more than $8.4 billion in additional fiscal measures this year to address its debt crises.
    (SFC, 5/24/11, p.A2)
2011        May 23, In Honduras gunmen opened fire on Manuel Acosta, the manager of a daily newspaper, as he was driving home in Tegucigalpa. Acosta was shot six times and his car had more than 30 bullet holes. Acosta was able to drive home and his family took him to a hospital.
    (AP, 5/23/11)
2011        May 23, India's PM Manmohan Singh began a six-day trip to Ethiopia and Tanzania, aiming to strike deeper economic ties with a continent rich in minerals and commodities, but where Asia's third-largest economy lags far behind rival China.
    (Reuters, 5/23/11)
2011        May 23, Iraq's Electricity Ministry spokesman said a five-year plan with Iran will let Iraq buy 25 million cubic meters of natural gas each day to feed two power plants in northeastern suburbs of Baghdad, one built by Iran and the other by South Korea's Hyundai conglomerate.
    (AP, 5/23/11)
2011        May 23, Iraq's Electricity Ministry spokesman said a five-year plan with Iran will let Iraq buy 25 million cubic meters of natural gas each day to feed two power plants in northeastern suburbs of Baghdad, one built by Iran and the other by South Korea's Hyundai conglomerate.
    (AP, 5/23/11)
2011        May 23, In Iraq two bomb blasts targeting security forces in Kirkuk and Baghdad killed two people and wounded 20, underscoring instability. PM Nouri al-Maliki insisted that security forces have been mostly successful in curbing insurgent attacks.
    (AP, 5/23/11)
2011        May 23, In Japan furious parents at the center of the atomic crisis and hundreds of their supporters rallied in Tokyo against revised nuclear safety standards in schools they say are putting children at risk. A new limit allowed exposure of up to 20 millisieverts a year, 20 times the radiation that was permissible before the March 11 tsunami caused a meltdown at the Fukushima nuclear plant.
    (AFP, 5/23/11)
2011        May 23, Mexican prosecutors said they have detained 16 policemen who allegedly took bribes to protect members of a drug gang who carried specially marked cards to avoid detention. Police in Acapulco found a decapitated body and a head with mutilated ears inside a cab left next to a hotel in a tourist area. In Durango gunmen attacked highway police on the outskirts of the state capital, killing a female officer (35) and wounding 4 officers and a civilian.
    (AP, 5/23/11)
2011        May 23, Mozambique’s Supreme Court slashed jail time for Antonio Munguambe, transport and communications minister from 2005 to 2008, to four and a half years as opposed to 20, saying embezzlement from a public company earned a lesser penalty than stealing money from the government.
    (AFP, 5/24/11)
2011        May 23, In Nigeria a Borno State policeman on patrol was killed in a drive-by shooting near St. Mary Catholic Church in the city of Maiduguri. Boko Haram, a radical Muslim sect, was blamed for the killing.
    (AP, 5/24/11)
2011        May 23, North Korean leader Kim Jong-Il visited a development zone in eastern China, as he pursued a secretive trip aimed at seeking answers for his nation's crippled economy.
    (AFP, 5/23/11) 
2011        May 23, Pakistani troops recaptured the PNS Mehran base in Karachi after a 16-hour battle with as few as six Taliban gunmen, who had launched their brazen attack to avenge the killing of Osama bin Laden. 3 militants were killed in the gunbattle while the body of a fourth was believed to be buried under the rubble of a collapsed wall. Two suspects were believed to have fled the scene. At least 7 militants, including three Arab nationals, were killed in a missile strike by a US drone aircraft in North Waziristan. An Afghan television station reported Taliban leader Mullah Omar had been killed in Pakistan, but the group denied it, saying he was safe and in Afghanistan. 
    (Reuters, 5/23/11)
2011        May 23, A Saudi pilot died when his US-made F-15 fighter jet crashed in eastern Saudi Arabia.
    (AP, 5/24/11)
2011        May 23, In Sudan armed men burned and looted the flashpoint town of Abyei. Southern Sudan's military said the northern army is moving to carry out a "full-scale war" in the contested region. Angry Sudanese rallied in the southern capital of Juba, demanding northern forces end their "invasion" of the contested Abyei region.
    (AP, 5/23/11)(AFP, 5/23/11)
2011        May 23, Yemeni security forces battled in the streets of Sanaa with fighters from the country's most powerful tribe, which has joined the opposition, in an eruption of violence after President Ali Abdullah Saleh refused to sign an agreement calling on him to step down.
    (AP, 5/23/11)

2011        May 24, The Obama administration hit seven foreign companies, including Venezuela' state-owned oil company and an Israeli shipping firm, for engaging in trade with Iran in violation of a US ban. At the same time, the administration imposed separate sanctions on more than 15 people and companies in China, Iran, North Korea, Syria and elsewhere for illicit trading in missile technology and weapons of mass destruction.
    (AP, 5/24/11)
2011        May 24, President Barack Obama and wife Michelle Obama were welcomed to Buckingham Palace in grand royal style by Queen Elizabeth II as they began their official state visit to Britain.
    (AP, 5/24/11)
2011        May 24, In Arizona 3 employees of Maricopa County Sheriff Joe Arpaio were arrested on charges that they helped a drug and human smuggling organization from Mexico.
    (AP, 5/25/11)
2011        May 24, San Francisco supervisors vote 6-5 to approve a $1.2 billion plan to transform the Parkmerced area. 1,500 rent-controlled town homes will be replaced with 7,200 units over the next 20-30 years.
    (SFC, 5/25/11, p.A1)
2011        May 24, In California a family of four was found dead in San Diego in what police called a triple murder suicide.
    (SFC, 5/25/11, p.A6)
2011        May 24, In New York Luke Wright (32) was sentenced to 40 years to life in prison for raping, scalding and torturing his disabled half-sister before their mother killed her last year. An Erie County jury found him guilty last month on 10 criminal counts. Laura Cummings (23) was suffocated by her mother Eva Cummings in the family's North Collins home. She pleaded guilty to second-degree murder last October.
    (AP, 5/25/11)
2011        May 24, New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie said he will not defy today’s state Supreme Court ruling to increase aid to low-income school districts, but called the decision legally faulty and bad education policy. The state Supreme Court said New Jersey must provide about $500 million for its poorer school districts.
    (AP, 5/24/11)(Reuters, 5/24/11)
2011        May 24, Reclusive American copper heiress Huguette Clark (104) died and left most of her $400 million fortune to charity, and nurse Hadassah Peri, who was randomly assigned to care for her 20 years ago. Clark was the daughter of Montana Sen. William Clark, who was once the second-richest man in the country.
    (AP, 6/24/11)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Huguette_M._Clark)
2011        May 24, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed 10 workers, and NATO again promised that the coalition would not abandon the country even if some members plan to withdraw their forces. The Taliban shot dead the principal of a boys' only high school in Logar province. A NATO service member died in a bomb attack in southern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 5/24/11)(AP, 5/25/11)
2011        May 24, In northern Brazil rubber tapper Jose Claudio Ribeiro da Silva, an activist fighting to protect the Amazon rain forest from loggers, was shot and killed with his wife by gunmen in the jungle state of Para.
    (AP, 5/25/11)
2011        May 24, About 250 flights to northern Britain were canceled over concerns about the ash cloud spewing from an Icelandic volcano, but British and Irish officials dismissed fears of a mass shutdown of airspace.
    (Reuters, 5/24/11)
2011        May 24, In Colombia‘s Congress approved legislation to of offer compensation to some 4 million people who have suffered in its armed conflicts. A Colombian judge issued an arrest order for the former head of the secret police over her alleged involvement in a domestic spying scandal. Former domestic intelligence chief Maria del Pilar Hurtado, who says she is innocent. She has been living in exile in Panama since November 2010 and that country has said it will maintain her asylum.
    (Econ, 6/4/11, p.46)(AP, 5/24/11)
2011        May 24, Egypt’s ousted leader Hosni Mubarak and his two sons were referred to a criminal court on suspicion of graft and ordering deadly fire against anti-government protesters.
    (AFP, 5/24/11)
2011        May 24, In Ethiopia at an address to an India-Africa summit in Addis Ababa, Indian PM Manmohan Singh trumpeted his country's historical ties with Africa and offered $5 billion dollars for the next three years under lines of credit to help Africa achieve its development goals.
    (Reuters, 5/24/11)
2011        May 24, World Bank Pres. Robert Zoellick said it will provide up to $6 billion to Egypt and Tunisia to help them modernize their economies as they undertake democratic reforms after the ouster of their longtime presidents.
    (AP, 5/24/11)
2011        May 24, In France the world's most powerful Internet and media barons gathered in Paris in a show of strength to leaders at the G8 summit, amid rows over online copyright, regulation and human rights.
    (AFP, 5/24/11)
2011        May 24, In Guatemala officials found the hacked-up body of an assistant prosecutor along with a message allegedly signed by the Zetas. The interior minister said police have arrested five Mexican members of the Zetas drug cartel who are allegedly linked to the chief suspect in the May 15 massacre of 27 people.
    (AP, 5/24/11)
2011        May 24, In India representatives of eight countries with large wild elephant populations pledged to eradicate poaching of the animals and smuggling of ivory to ensure their survival for future generations. The "Elephant 8 Ministerial Meet" included officials from Thailand, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, India, Botswana, Congo, Kenya and Tanzania.
    (AP, 5/24/11)
2011        May 24, An accidental blast at Iran's Abadan's oil refinery killed one person and wounded 25 during a visit by President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, who was not affected.
    (AFP, 5/24/11)
2011        May 24, In Japan major international mission to investigate the flooded, radiation-leaking nuclear complex began as new information suggested that nuclear fuel had mostly melted in two more reactors in the early days after the March 11 tsunami.
    (AP, 5/24/11)
2011        May 24, Japan’s Sony Corp. said it discovered a security breach affecting 8,500 user accounts in a music entertainment website in Greece that comes on the heels of a hacker attack which forced its flagship gaming site offline.
    (AP, 5/24/11)
2011        May 24, The Libyan rebel council fighting to oust Muammar Gaddafi said it will open an office in Paris but a representative has not yet been named. Top US official Jeffrey Feltman said Libya's rebels have accepted an invitation to open a representative office in Washington as he renewed a US call for Moamer Kadhafi to step down immediately.
    (AFP, 5/24/11)
2011        May 24, Libyan forces loyal to Muammar Gaddafi cut electricity supplies to much of the Western Mountains, threatening water supplies and stepping up a war of attrition with rebels who hold the plateau. NATO launched its most intense bombardment yet against Gadhafi's Tripoli stronghold. Government spokesman Moussa Ibrahim said at least 3 people were killed.
    (Reuters, 5/29/11)(AP, 5/24/11)
2011        May 24, In northern Mexico 17 inmates escaped through a tunnel starting in a prison's laundry room. On may 27 the director and 11 officials at the prison were charged with helping in the escape in Reynosa, Tamaulipas state. Suspected cartel gunmen opened fire on a federal police chopper, hitting two officers and forcing the craft to land in Michoacan state. Officials insisted it had not been shot down. In 2012 official documents reported that armed forces and prosecutors have suffered at least 28 gunfire attacks on helicopters since 2008.
    (AP, 5/27/11)(AP, 1/16/12)
2011        May 24, In Nigeria a fire engulfed a pipeline belonging to a subsidiary of state-owned oil company Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation in the town of Amukpe.
    (AP, 5/25/11)
2011        May 24, North Korea’s reclusive leader Kim Jong Il reportedly traveled to an eastern Chinese city to study Beijing's economic reforms, while a US government team was in North Korea on a rare trip to assess food shortages.
    (AP, 5/24/11)
2011        May 24, A Moscow appeals court upheld the second conviction of oil magnate Mikhail Khodorkovsky (47), but it also reduced his 14-year prison sentence by one year.
    (AP, 5/24/11)
2011        May 24, Ammar Qarabi of the National Organization for Human Rights in Syria said his group has documented the names of 1,062 people who have died since the uprising erupted in mid-March.
    (AP, 5/24/11)
2011        May 24, In Sudan gunmen from an Arab tribe fired on four UN helicopters taking off from Abyei a disputed border town at the heart of a new north-south conflict.
    (AP, 5/25/11)
2011        May 24, Thai authorities arrested American citizen on charges he insulted the country's monarchy, in part by posting a link on his blog four years ago to a banned book about the Southeast Asian nation's ailing king. Lerpong Wichaikhammat (aka Joe Gordon), a 54-year-old Thai-born man, had lived in the US state of Colorado for around 30 years before returning recently to Thailand for medical treatment. In August Gordon was charged with lese majeste for allegedly translating parts of an unauthorized biography of King Bhumibol Adulyadej and writing articles that defamed the royal family. 
    (AP, 5/27/11)(AP, 8/18/11)
2011        May 24, In Yemen shelling in Sanaa killed 24 supporters of Sheikh al-Ahmar, a powerful opposition chieftain, as clashes intensified between embattled President Ali Abdullah Saleh's security forces and the tribesmen. 14 soldiers were also killed and another 20 were missing.
    (AFP, 5/24/11)(SFC, 5/25/11, p.A4)

2011        May 25, President Barack Obama warned Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi there would be 'no let up' in pressure on him to go, following a second successive night of heavy NATO bombing in Tripoli.
    (AP, 5/25/11)
2011        May 25, A divided US Securities and Exchange Commission voted 3-2 to finalize the measure that has grown into one of the most contentious requirements of last year’s Dodd-Frank Wall Street overhaul law. Under the new program corporate whistleblowers could score multi-million-dollar payouts for reporting financial wrongdoing.
    (Reuters, 5/25/11)
2011        May 25, The final segment of Oprah Winfrey’s TV talk show, taped a day earlier, aired after a 25 year run.
    (SFC, 5/26/11, p.A8)
2011        May 25, The Thiel Foundation, formed by Peter Thiel, the co-founder of PayPal, named the first 20 winners of its “20 under 20" fellowship program. It provided young people $100,000 to pursue entrepreneurial ideas rather than a university education.
    (SSFC, 5/29/11, p.E1)
2011        May 25, In East Oakland, Ca., Michael Heartsman (22) shot and killed Ditiyan Franklin Jr. (17), as the victim rode on a bicycle with a friend on the handlebars. On Nov 29 a jury convicted Heartsman of murder and being a felon with a firearm as well as attempted murder.
    (SFC, 11/30/11, p.C4)
2011        May 25, The death toll from the May 22 tornado that savaged Joplin, Missouri, rose to 125. A violent storm system across a wide swath of the Midwest and South spawned tornadoes and powerful winds. 9 people were killed in Oklahoma, 2 in Kansas and 4 in Arkansas.
    (Reuters, 5/25/11)
2011        May 25, In Afghanistan airborne NATO and Afghan soldiers expelled Taliban fighters from a government building they occupied in Do Ab, Nuristan province, and forced them to flee to surrounding mountains. At least 10 Taliban fighters were killed. Provincial officials later said over 20 police officers dressed in civilian clothes were killed. A NATO service member died in a bomb attack in northern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 5/25/11)(SFC, 5/30/11, p.A3)
2011        May 25, Austrian authorities filed incitement charges against a right-wing politician for commissioning a video game that required players to target and stop mosques, minarets and muezzins as they pop up on a screen.
    (AP, 5/25/11)
2011        May 25, Brazil's Pres. Dilma Rousseff suspended an anti-homophobia campaign that had been planned to begin at schools this year because she thought the videos and pamphlets weren't appropriate for children.
    (AP, 5/25/11)
2011        May 25, Dominican Republic health authorities began taking down some food stands and installing public bathrooms in an effort to control a cholera outbreak that has worsened in recent weeks.
    (AP, 5/26/11)
2011        May 25, Egypt decided to end its blockade of Gaza by opening the only crossing to the Hamas-ruled Palestinian territory on May 28, easing the isolation of 1.4 million Palestinians there.
    (AP, 5/25/11)
2011        May 25, In Georgia some 3,000 anti-government protesters demanded the resignation of Pres. Saakashvili and said they will try to block a May 26 military parade in the capital.
    (AP, 5/25/11)
2011        May 25, Greece's prime minister insisted his government would see through new austerity measures and called again for a cross-party agreement on the reforms, which he has so far failed to secure despite European Union pressure.
    (AP, 5/25/11)
2011        May 25, Greek police arrested four Greeks and five foreign nationals in Thessaloniki on suspicion of smuggling nearly 300 kg (661 pounds) of cocaine into the country last month.
    (AP, 5/25/11)
2011        May 25, Grenada's director of public prosecution said a 41-year-old man was charged with having sex with an unidentified 17-year-old man. The Caribbean island had a law against homosexual acts on the books but was rarely enforced. A 2010 United Nations report said the penalty on most Caribbean islands, including Grenada, is up to 10 years in prison, although Barbados and Guyana have life imprisonment.
    (AP, 5/25/11)
2011        May 25, In India the Dalai Lama turned down pleas from the Tibetan community to accept a ceremonial role in the Tibetan government-in-exile after giving up his position as political leader.
    (AP, 5/25/11)
2011        May 25, It was reported that Iran’s popular Lake Oroumieh, home to migrating flamingos, pelicans and gulls, has shrunken by 60 percent and could disappear entirely in just a few years, drained by drought, misguided irrigation policies, development and the damming of rivers that feed it.
    (AP, 5/25/11)
2011        May 25, In Iraq 4 people were killed in the explosion of a bomb in a parked car in a Sunni neighborhood of southwestern Baghdad.
    (AP, 5/25/11)
2011        May 25, A Libyan rebel commander said his fighters have clashed with Sudanese mercenaries fighting for Moammar Gadhafi near the border with Sudan, destroying one of their weapons-laden vehicles.
    (AP, 5/25/11)
2011        May 25, In western Mexico fierce fighting among apparent rival drug gangs bloodied one highway with 29 dead in Nayarit, while in nearby Michoacan state more than 700 people huddled in shelters after fleeing villages that had become battlegrounds.
    (AP, 5/26/11)(AP, 5/27/11)
2011        May 25, North Korean leader Kim Jong-Il arrived in Beijing and was seen en route to what was believed to be a summit with Chinese President Hu Jintao.
    (AFP, 5/25/11)
2011        May 25, In Pakistan a Taliban suicide bomber flattened a police station in Peshawar, killing nine people. A Taliban faction claimed responsibility for the bombing, saying it was their fourth reprisal for the May 2 death of bin Laden.
    (AP, 5/25/11)
2011        May 25, In the Philippines Typhoon Songda roared toward the country's northeast.
    (AP, 5/25/11)
2011        May 25, Sudan's president gave northern troops a "green light" to attack southern forces if provoked. President Barack Obama, speaking at a news conference in London, called for the rapid reinforcement of UN peacekeeping troops in the Abyei region, from which tens of thousands of civilians have fled over the last week.
    (AP, 5/25/11)
2011        May 25, The Swiss government said it will decommission all its nuclear power plants.
    (AP, 5/25/11)
2011        May 25, In Syria the body of Hamza al-Khatib (13) was returned to his family, following his disappearance after a demonstration in Daraa on April 29. The body bore multiple marks of abuse including bullet holes and castration.
    (AFP, 5/28/11)(Econ, 6/4/11, p.56)
2011        May 25, In Venezuela red-clad oil workers rallied to denounce "imperialist" US sanctions over its Iran ties, but the rising anger seemed unlikely to sink the OPEC member's huge oil trade with the United States.
    (Reuters, 5/25/11)
2011        May 25, Yemen's embattled President Ali Abdullah Saleh issued messages of hard-line defiance even as intense battles raged in the heart of the capital for a third day. Gun battles erupted again in Sanaa. At least 44 people have been killed in the recent fighting.
    (AP, 5/25/11)

2011        May 26, Minutes before a midnight deadline, President Barack Obama signed into law a four-year extension of post-Sept. 11 powers to search records and conduct roving wiretaps in pursuit of terrorists.
    (AP, 5/27/11)
2011        May 26, The US Supreme Court upheld Arizona’s “business death penalty," saying Arizona may deny employers a license to do business for a 2nd violation of its Legal Arizona Workers Act of 2007.
    (SFC, 5/27/11, p.A13)
2011        May 26, The death toll from the May 22 tornado in Joplin, Missouri, rose to 126. More than 230 people were still listed as missing.
    (SFC, 5/27/11, p.A8)
2011        May 26, In eastern Afghanistan a NATO helicopter crash killed one service member. 8 US troops were killed while on foot patrol in southern Afghanistan. They were hit by two consecutive blasts, with one explosion going off as troops rushed to aid those wounded from the first blast. 2 Afghan policemen were also killed in the blasts in Kandahar province.
    (AP, 5/26/11)(AP, 5/27/11)(SFC, 5/27/11, p.A2)
2011        May 26, Bosnian Serb wartime general Ratko Mladic (69) was arrested in Serbia after years on the run from international genocide charges, opening the way for the once-pariah state to seek membership in the European Union.
    (Reuters, 5/26/11)
2011        May 26, China Central Television said North Korean leader Kim Jong-Il said he would adhere to the goal of a nuclear-free Korean peninsula during talks with Chinese President Hu Jintao.
    (AFP, 5/26/11)
2011        May 26, In southern China homemade bombs exploded at three government buildings in Fuzhou city, Jiangxi province, killing 3 people and wounding at least 9 others in what state media said was a revenge attack by Qian Mingqi (52), a middle-aged jobless man, who was killed in one of the explosions.
    (AP, 5/26/11)(SFC, 5/27/11, p.A2)
2011        May 26, Colombia's government said it has identified the remains of almost 10,000 people buried in unmarked graves across the country. An official said at least that many more bodies are still to be identified.
    (AP, 5/26/11)
2011        May 26, In Egypt a Cairo criminal court sentenced former housing minister Ahmed al-Maghrabi to five years in prison on corruption charges and fined him over an illegal land deal.
    (AFP, 5/26/11)(Reuters, 5/26/11)
2011        May 26, In France G8 leaders met to discuss military operations in Libya, implications of the Arab Spring, and financial support for the recently toppled autocracies of Egypt and Tunisia.
    (SFC, 5/27/11, p.A2)
2011        May 26, Georgian officials went ahead with an Independence Day military parade along the central avenue where two people were killed and almost 40 injured in the violent breakup of an anti-government protest hours earlier.
    (AP, 5/26/11)
2011        May 26, In Greece police in central Athens used pepper spray to disperse protesting doctors and state hospital staff, in the latest protest against public spending cuts.
    (AP, 5/26/11)
2011        May 26, Iran hanged 11 prisoners, including a convicted serial killer. The others had been found guilty of rape and armed robbery. The hangings brought the number of executions to 143 since the beginning of the year. Another man was hanged May 23 for drug smuggling in the city prison of Behbahan in the southwestern province of Khuzestan.
    (AFP, 5/26/11)
2011        May 26, In Iraq tens of thousands of militiamen and followers of anti-American cleric Muqtada al-Sadr led a massive rally, marching in Baghdad in a show of force as Iraqi leaders weigh whether to keep US troops in the country beyond the end of the year. A suicide bomber struck an Iraqi army patrol in western Baghdad, killing four soldiers and wounding 11 others. Ali al-Lami, a Shiite who was responsible for purging loyalists of deposed ruler Saddam Hussein, was fatally shot by gunmen while driving his car. He was often accused of working with neighboring Shiite Iran to sideline Sunnis from power and re-ignite sectarian tensions. On June 17 an al-Qaida-linked group in Iraq claimed responsibility for the killing of al-Lami.
    (AP, 5/26/11)(AP, 5/27/11)(AP, 6/17/11)
2011        May 26, Tokyo Electric Power, the operator of Japan's crippled Fukushima nuclear plant, detailed a new leak of radioactive water as Greenpeace slammed the country's "inadequate response" to a growing threat to sea water and health.
    (Reuters, 5/26/11)
2011        May 26, In Latvia a vote in the Saeima, or Parliament, blocked the country's anti-corruption bureau from searching the home of Ainars Slesers, a powerful politician known as one of Latvia's three oligarchs.
    (AP, 5/28/11)
2011        May 26, Libya’s government pushed a cease fire proposal. African leaders demanded an outright end to NATO air strikes on Libya. Spain says it and other European governments have received a message from Libyan PM Baghdadi al-Mahmoudi proposing an immediate cease-fire in his country's war. Global Witness said Goldman Sachs and HSBC together held $335 million of the Libyan oil fund's assets, while Societe Generale held $1 billion in structured products for the fund.
    (AFP, 5/26/11)(AP, 5/26/11)(Reuters, 5/26/11)(SFC, 5/27/11, p.A2)
2011        May 26, Hundreds of Pakistanis took to the streets to protest against rolling blackouts that paralyze industry and make life unbearable in the searing summer heat. In the northwest a suspected suicide bomber killed at least 32 people, including 2 policemen, in an attack outside a police station in Hangu.
    (AFP, 5/26/11)(Reuters, 5/26/11)(AP, 5/28/11)
2011        May 26, In Peru Polish couple Jaroslaw Frackiewicz (70) and his wife, Celina Mroz (58), were last seen while kayaking on the Ucayali River. On July 8 police arrested Fidel Garcia (27). an ethnic Ashaninka. Garcia implicated his brother-in-law Freddy Ruiz and uncle Roger Ruiz in the couple’s killing.
    (AP, 7/11/11)
2011        May 26, South Sudan's President Salva Kiir called on north Sudan to withdraw its forces from the disputed Abyei region. He also said there would be no war over the incursion and it would not derail independence.
    (Reuters, 5/26/11)
2011        May 26, In Turkey a bomb mounted on a bicycle near a bus stop exploded during morning rush hour in Istanbul, wounding eight people, including a police officer.
    (AP, 5/26/11)
2011        May 26, In Yemen intense battles spread across Sanaa between government forces and opposition militiamen from powerful tribes. At least 28 people were killed as the four-day death toll neared 110. Explosion in west Sanaa killed 28 people.
    (AP, 5/26/11)

2011        May 27, Pres. Obama and other G8 leaders wrapped up a 2-day summit in France and announced plans for a $40 billion in aid to support democracy in Egypt, Tunisia and the rest of North Africa.
    (SFC, 5/28/11, p.A3)
2011        May 27, President Barack Obama's last stop on his European tour brought him to Poland for the first time, giving him the chance to inject new vigor in a relationship with an ally that has sometimes felt slighted by Washington.
    (AP, 5/27/11)
2011        May 27, In Hayward, Ca., Michelle Le (26) was last seen after she went on break from a clinical lesson at Kaiser Permanente Medical Center. In September police arrested Giselle Esteban (27) after finding DNA evidence linking her Le’s murder. Le’s body was found on September 17 in Sunol Canyon, Alameda Ct. On Oct 30, 2012, Esteban was convicted of murder. She was sentenced to life in prison on Dec 10, 2012.
    (SFC, 9/9/11, p.C3)(SFC, 9/21/11, p.C1)(SFC, 10/30/12, p.C1)(SFC, 12/11/12, p.C2)
2011        May 27, Actor Jeff Conaway (60), best known for his roles in the movie "Grease" and the 1970s TV series "Taxi", died.
    (Reuters, 5/28/11)
2011        May 27, Musician Gil Scott-Heron (62), died in NYC. He helped lay the groundwork for rap by fusing minimalistic percussion, political expression and spoken-word poetry on songs such as "The Revolution Will Not Be Televised," but saw his brilliance undermined by a years-long drug addiction. In 2012 his memoir “The Last Holiday: A Memoir" was published.
    (AP, 5/28/11)(SSFC, 1/22/12, p.G5)
2011        May 27, In southern Afghanistan a NATO service member was killed in an insurgent attack.
    (AP, 5/27/11)
2011        May 27, Australian anesthesiologist, Dr. James Latham Peters (61), was charged with endangering his patients' lives after police alleged he infected nearly 50 women with hepatitis C at an abortion clinic.
    (AP, 5/27/11)
2011        May 27, It was reported that A 22-year-old Australian university student has solved a problem which has puzzled astrophysicists for decades, discovering part of the so-called "missing mass" of the universe during her summer break. Undergraduate Amelia Fraser-McKelvie made the breakthrough during a holiday internship with a team at Monash University's School of Physics, locating the mystery material within vast structures called "filaments of galaxies."
    (AFP, 5/27/11)
2011        May 27, China bestowed a pomp-filled welcome on Myanmar's Pres. Thein Sein, conferring legitimacy on the country's new, nominally civilian government and ensuring continued Chinese access to its neighbor's natural resources.
    (AP, 5/27/11)
2011        May 27, CongoDRC’s North Kivu governor Julien Paluku said that Munyagishari, the suspected leader of an extremist Hutu militia, has been arrested and taken to Kinshasa.
    (AP, 5/27/11)
2011        May 27, In Egypt thousands of protesters returned to downtown Cairo's Tahrir Square for what they called a "second revolution," calling for Egypt's military rulers to speed up the pace of democratic reforms in a country that is still charting its political future.
    (AP, 5/27/11)
2011        May 27, India and the United States said a new homeland security dialogue will be crucial to cooperation in counterterrorism, intelligence sharing and cybersecurity.
    (AP, 5/27/11)
2011        May 27, Air India was forced to cancel some flights after oil companies refused to give the cash-strapped state-run carrier fuel because of a failure to pay bills.
    (AFP, 5/27/11)
2011        May 27, In Italy a Naples hospital said Puerto Rican tourist Oscar Antonio Mendoza (66), who was knocked to the ground by muggers trying to grab his Rolex, has died, nine days after he was hospitalized with severe head injuries.
    (AP, 5/27/11)
2011        May 27, Japan's PM Naoto Kan used a G8 summit in France to reassure Tokyo's most powerful allies that his country would learn the lessons of its nuclear disaster and recover fully.
    (AP, 5/27/11)
2011        May 27, In southern Lebanon a roadside bomb ripped through a UN convoy carrying Italian peacekeepers, wounding six of them in the first such attack since 2008.
    (AP, 5/27/11) 
2011        May 27, NATO reported that Moamer Kadhafi's forces had laid landmines in Misrata. Russia joined the call of Western powers for Kadhafi to step down as G8 leaders met in France.
    (AFP, 5/27/11)
2011        May 27, Mexico's federal police detained nearly 50 members of two major drug cartels, including suspects in the recent armed attack on a police helicopter.
    (AP, 5/28/11)
2011        May 27, The Dutch government said it would start banning tourists from buying cannabis from "coffee shops" and impose restrictions on Dutch buyers by the end of the year.
    (Reuters, 5/27/11)
2011        May 27, Pakistani fighter jets pounded militant hide-outs in the country's northwest Orakzai and Kurram tribal regions, killing 23 suspected insurgents.
    (AP, 5/27/11)
2011        May 27, In northern Pakistan a bus slid off a mountain road and plunged 200 feet deep into a swollen river, and at least 25 people on board were believed to have died.
    (AP, 5/27/11)
2011        May 27, The Salvadoran army said it has arrested two officers and four soldiers for trying to steal 1,812 hand grenades to sell to drug traffickers.
    (AP, 5/27/11)
2011        May 27, It was reported that South African scientists have found a new species of cockroach, the world’s only jumping cockroach, at Cape Town’s Table Mountain National Park.
    (SFC, 5/27/11, p.A2)
2011        May 27, Spanish police fired rubber bullets and swung truncheons to disperse anti-crisis protesters in a Barcelona square as cleaning crews cleared their tent camp.
    (AFP, 5/27/11)
2011        May 27, Syrian security forces opened fire on anti-government demonstrations, killing at least 12 people as thousands took to the streets despite the near-certainty they will face gunfire, tear gas and stun guns.
    (AP, 5/27/11)(AFP, 5/28/11)
2011        May 27, In Yemen fighting that rocked Sanaa for the past five days spread beyond the capital as tribesmen opposed to the rule of President Ali Abdullah Saleh seized a Republican Guard military camp in battles that left at least 18 dead and prompted airstrikes by government warplanes.
    (AP, 5/27/11)(SFC, 5/28/11, p.A4)

2011        May 28, The death toll from the May 22 tornado in Joplin, Missouri, rose to 139. State officials said 100 people were still missing.
    (AP, 5/29/11)
2011        May 28, Lockheed Martin confirmed that hackers had launched a "significant and tenacious" cyber attack on May 21. Lockheed, a major defense contractor holding highly sensitive information, said its secrets remained safe.
    (AP, 5/29/11)
2011        May 28, Afghan President Hamid Karzai traveled to neighboring Turkmenistan on a trip aimed at drumming up regional support for his struggling nation's economic future.
    (AP, 5/28/11)
2011        May 28, In Afghanistan the top German commander was wounded when a suicide bomber attacked a provincial governor's compound in the north of the country. Mohammed Daoud Daoud, the police chief of northern Afghanistan, the provincial police chief of Takhar  and 3 German soldiers were among 7 people killed in the suicide bombing at the Takhar governor's office. US Marines called in air support after their base in Nawzad district came under attack from small arms fire. The provincial administration said two civilian houses were targeted which killed 14 civilians. The dead included 5 girls, 7 boys and 2 women.
    (AP, 5/28/11)(AFP, 5/29/11)(AP, 5/29/11)
2011        May 28, The Arab League endorsed a Palestinian bid to seek recognition at the United Nations of a Palestinian state within the 1967 borders. The announcement came after an Arab ministerial meeting in Qatar.
    (AP, 5/29/11)
2011        May 28, Thousands of people turned out for Australia's first "SlutWalk," protesting for women to be able to wear whatever they like without fear of being sexually assaulted. SlutWalk began in Canada in April after a Toronto police official said that "women should avoid dressing like sluts in order not to be victimized."
    (AFP, 5/29/11)
2011        May 28, In Belarus plainclothes officers and one in uniform burst into the office where the round-table on police reform was being held. The seven activists arrested included a Russian and three Ukrainians.
    (AP, 5/28/11)
2011        May 28, Chinese police sealed off parts of two county seats in Inner Mongolia for a second day in what residents described as a kind of martial law after protests triggered by the death of a Mongolian herder run over by a Chinese truck driver.
    (AP, 5/28/11)
2011        May 28, In central China an explosion at a bus company killed an employee and injured at least two others, days after a bombing spree in another city rattled the country. A blast at a chemical plant in Zibo city, Shandong province, killed three people and injured eight others. The plant was owned by Shandong Baoyuan Chemical Co. Ltd.
    (AP, 5/28/11)(AP, 5/29/11) 
2011        May 28, An Egyptian administrative court fined ousted President Hosni Mubarak and two former officials 540 million Egyptian pounds ($91 million) for cutting off mobile and internet services during protests in January. Egypt charged former Information Minister Anas el-Fekky with "deliberately causing financial harm" to the state-run Radio and Television Union.
    (Reuters, 5/28/11)
2011        May 28, Egypt lifted a four-year-old blockade on the Gaza Strip's main link to the outside world, bringing relief to the crowded territory's 1.5 million Palestinians but deepening a rift with Israel since the ouster of President Hosni Mubarak earlier this year.
    (AP, 5/28/11)
2011        May 28, German government officials said two more people have died of a bacterial outbreak allegedly caused by contaminated Spanish cucumbers, bringing the number of deaths to nine. Almost 300 people were sick with haemolytic uremic syndrome, or HUS, in recent days. HUS is a rare complication arising from an infection most commonly associated with E. coli, a bacterium found in undercooked beef or contaminated food. Almost a dozen people with HUS have been hospitalized in Sweden in the past two weeks after travel to Germany. In Denmark, eight people are hospitalized with E.coli infection that could be linked to the outbreak. The E. coli was later identified as type O104:H4.
    (AP, 5/28/11)(AP, 5/29/11)(Econ, 6/4/11, p.63)
2011        May 28, Former Honduras President Manuel Zelaya returned from home exile bringing a nearly two-year political crisis to an end and hope to one of the poorest nations in the Americas.
    (AP, 5/28/11)
2011        May 28, In India the Dalai Lama signed amendments to the constitution of the Tibetan government-in-exile giving up his position as political leader.
    (AP, 5/29/11)
2011        May 28, A senior Iraqi intelligence officer said security forces have arrested a Sunni insurgent who confessed to involvement in attacks that killed 70 people, including nearly two dozen at a wedding in 2006.
    (AP, 5/28/11)
2011        May 28, Japan and the EU agreed at a summit meeting to begin negotiations on a free trade agreement that would deepen economic ties between two of the world's largest economies. As a bloc, the EU is the world's largest economy; Japan is number four.
    (AP, 5/28/11)
2011        May 28, Latvian President Valdis Zatlers, in his final act in office, called for the dissolution of the country's parliament after lawmakers blocked an anti-corruption investigation against a prominent politician.
    (AP, 5/28/11)(Econ, 7/30/11, p.49)
2011        May 28, NATO aircraft destroyed the guard towers at Muammar Gaddafi's compound in Tripoli, then staged a rare daytime air strike, heightening pressure on him to quit.
    (Reuters, 5/28/11)
2011        May 28, Malta, a staunchly Catholic Mediterranean island, voted in favor of introducing divorce in a referendum. Malta was the last remaining European nation to ban divorce. Some 95 percent of the 400,000 population calls itself Roman Catholic.
    (AP, 5/29/11)
2011        May 28, North Korea freed American Eddie Jun, who was held for a half year for reportedly proselytizing, handing him to a US envoy who said Washington had not promised to provide aid in exchange for the man's release.
    (AP, 5/28/11)
2011        May 28, In Pakistan a suicide bomber targeted pro-government tribal elders in the northwestern frontier, killing eight men in the Bajur tribal region.
    (AP, 5/28/11)   
2011        May 28, In Poland US President Barack Obama pledged close cooperation with Poland on missile defense, the upgrading of its air defenses and in developing shale gas and nuclear power to boost its energy security.
    (Reuters, 5/28/11)
2011        May 28, Moscow police arrested more than 30 people trying to hold two unauthorized gay-rights demonstrations in the capital.
    (AP, 5/28/11)
2011        May 28, South Sudan's vice president flew to Khartoum on a mission to "ease tensions" over Abyei, one week after northern troops overran the contested border region.
    (AFP, 5/28/11)
2011        May 28, Sudan’s Suna news agency said Khartoum has ordered the official termination of the UN's north-south peacekeeping mission on July 9, the date the south is to declare full independence following a referendum.
    (AFP, 5/29/11)
2011        May 28, Syrian activists called for renewed protests in honor of Hamza al-Khatib, a 13-year-old boy who allegedly was tortured and killed by security forces.
    (AP, 5/28/11)
2011        May 28, Yemen's government and armed tribesmen seeking President Ali Abdullah Saleh's ouster agreed to a temporary cease-fire to allow for negotiations after five days of clashes that killed at least 124 people. The truce was to expire in the evening. Three French aid workers, two women and one man, were abducted while working for the Triangle Generation Humanitaire. Men linked to an al-Qaida offshoot demanded $12 million in ransom. The 3 aid workers were freed on Nov 13 after Oman and Yemeni tribesmen negotiated their release.
    (AP, 5/28/11)(AP, 7/27/11)(AP, 11/14/11)

2011        May 29, Sergei Bagapsh (62), the leader of Abkhazia, a separatist region of Georgia aligned with Russia, died in a Moscow hospital where he was being treated for lung cancer. Bagapsh had led Abkhazia since 2005 and was credited with leading the region to de facto independence.
    (AP, 5/29/11)
2011        May 29,  In eastern Afghanistan 3 American troops were killed in a bomb attack.
    (AP, 6/1/11)
2011        May 29, Chinese state media said China will expand a ban on free shopping bags as it tries to further curb its addiction to plastic in a bid to rid the country of "white pollution" that clogs waterways, farms and fields.
    (AFP, 5/29/11)
2011        May 29, In the Dominican Republic a new $2.7 million museum, honoring the more than 50,000 people who died under former dictator Rafael Leonidas Trujillo, opened a day before the 50th anniversary of his death.
    (AP, 5/29/11)
2011        May 29, In Iraq a roadside bomb planted outside a suburban liquor shop west of Baghdad killed an Iraqi soldier and a firefighter as security forces tried to extinguish a blaze from explosions minutes earlier.
    (AP, 5/29/11)
2011        May 29, Italians began 2-days of voting to elect mayors in cities and towns across the country, with Premier Berlusconi hoping to avert defeat in his electoral stronghold of Milan.
    (AP, 5/29/11)
2011        May 29, It was reported that 259 Libyan women responded on questionnaires that they have been raped by militiamen loyal to Moammar Khadafy.
    (SSFC, 5/29/11, p.A6)
2011        May 29, Moroccan police used truncheons to break up a new pro-reform demonstration in Casablanca, leaving around two dozen people wounded.
    (AFP, 5/29/11)
2011        May 29, In Nigeria Goodluck Jonathan was sworn in for a full four-year term as president and faced the challenge of uniting a country that saw deadly postelection violence despite what observers called the fairest vote in over a decade. A blast in the city of Bauchi killed 15 people. One bomb went off at a beer garden in Zuba, near the capital, killing two people and wounding at least 11. Another explosion in the northern city of Zaria also targeted a bar hours after the inauguration.
    (AP, 5/29/11)(AP, 5/30/11)
2011        May 29, Nigerian police raided the Cross Foundation in Aba, a home allegedly being used to force teenage girls to have babies that were then offered for sale for trafficking or other purposes. Dr. Hyacinth Orikara was arrested and 32 pregnant girls,  aged 15-17, were rescued.
    (AFP, 6/1/11)(Reuters, 6/2/11)
2011        May 29, In Pakistan gunmen killed two Shiite policemen in Quetta city.
    (AP, 5/29/11)
2011        May 29, In Peru activists opposed to a silver mine in the southeastern Puno region rejected a deal with the government and said protests will continue, even if it means there will be no regional voting in the upcoming presidential run-off.
    (AFP, 5/29/11)
2011        May 29, In the Philippines workers cleaned up more than 750 tons of fish that have died and rotted on fish farms in Taal Lake near Taal volcano south of Manila. Scientists said the onset of the rainy season led to a sharp drop in water temperatures depleting oxygen levels.
    (AP, 5/29/11)(AFP, 5/29/11)
2011        May 29, In Serbia several thousand nationalist supporters of war-crimes suspect Ratko Mladic clashed with riot police in Belgrade.
    (SFC, 5/30/11, p.A2)
2011        May 29, In South Sudan a week of fighting subsided near water points in Jonglei state with at least 68 people killed. Nuer tribesmen allegedly attacked the area and drove off with more than 100,000 cattle owned by the Murle.
    (AP, 5/2/11)
2011        May 29, Advocacy group Satellite Sentinel Project said new satellite images provide evidence that northern Sudanese troops have committed war crimes, including ethnic cleansing, in the contested border town of Abyei where forces rolled in on May 21. Save the Children's U.K. office said the conflict has displaced up to 35,000 children in the Abyei region.
    (AP, 5/29/11)
2011        May 29, Syrian government troops backed by tanks attacked the towns of Rastan and Talbiseh in the central province of Homs in an attempt to stop round-the-clock protests there against Pres. Assad's regime. The toll of those shot dead rose to 11 from a previously reported seven in Rastan and Talbisa. Security forces reportedly opened fire in the early hours at about 8,000 protesters in the northeastern town of Deir el-Zour, wounding several people.
    (AP, 5/29/11)(AFP, 5/30/11)
2011        May 29, In Yemen Islamist militants tightened their grip on the coastal town of Zinjibar while in the capital Sanaa a truce was holding to end nearly a week of deadly street fighting that threatened to ignite a civil war.
    (Reuters, 5/29/11)(SFC, 5/30/11, p.A5)
2011        May 29, In Zimbabwe a police inspector was killed. 12 suspects, members of PM Morgan Tsvangirai's former opposition party, were soon detained in a police crackdown in a western Harare township. The group appeared in court on June 3 with severe cuts, bruising and swollen limbs.
    (AP, 6/3/11)

2011        May 30, Pres. Obama nominated Army Gen. Martin Dempsey as chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
    (SFC, 5/31/11, p.A5)
2011        May 30, In western Afghanistan Taliban insurgents led by suicide bombers attacked an Italian military base and set off another explosion that left dozens wounded. 4 insurgents died. An Afghan policeman and four civilians were killed in the explosions in Herat. 4 NATO soldiers were killed in other parts of the country. NATO officials apologized for an airstrike on May 28 that inadvertently killed women and children, saying that they thought that only insurgents were inside the targeted compound when they ordered the strike. An Afghan soldier shot dead his Australian mentor in Uruzgan province. A night raid carried out by Afghan forces under NATO direction in the northern province of Balkh resulted in the arrest of a man believed to have taken part in the May 28 attack that killed two Afghan police officials and wounded a German general.
    (Reuters, 5/30/11)(AP, 5/30/11)(AP, 5/31/11)(AP, 6/1/11)
2011        May 30, Australian robots have begun talking to each other in a language of their own devising. Two "Lingodroids," developed by the University of Queensland, have picked up their shared language by playing location games that led them to construct a shared vocabulary for places, distances and directions.
    (Reuters, 5/30/11)
2011        May 30, European anti-trust regulators launched in-depth probes into proposed US takeovers of South Korean and Japanese businesses manufacturing computer hard disk drives (HDD). The planned acquisitions of the hard disk drive operations of South Korean electronics giant Samsung by Seagate Technology, and the storage business of Japan's Hitachi by Western Digital Corporation in a sector with just five manufacturers worldwide have raised concerns. Brussels officials have until October 10 to decide what action if any they will take.
    (AFP, 5/30/11)
2011        May 30, Germany's governing coalition said it will shut down all the country's nuclear power plants by 2022. The decision, prompted by Japan's nuclear disaster, will make Germany the first major industrialized nation to go nuclear-free in years.
    (AP, 5/30/11)
2011        May 30, India and Pakistan worked to reduce tensions in the world's highest battlefield, as their defense secretaries discussed ways to demilitarize the Siachen Glacier.
    (AP, 5/30/11)
2011        May 30, In India a would-be groom and several relatives going to a wedding were among the 28 people killed when a wooden bridge collapsed near Hayo, Assam state, and sent a bus crashing into a lake in the remote northeast.
    (AP, 5/31/11)
2011        May 30, Italian PM Silvio Berlusconi faced a stinging defeat in his northern stronghold of Milan. Local elections threatened to unbalance his fractious center-right coalition government. Berlusconi's candidates lost in major races like Milan and Naples, as did candidates of his ally the Northern League in northern cities like Novara where they have thrived.
    (Reuters, 5/30/11)(AP, 5/31/11)
2011        May 30, Humanitarian agencies active in Pakistan's northwest said they have been quietly told to prepare for up to 365,000 displaced people in advance of a military offensive against North Waziristan.
    (Reuters, 5/30/11)
2011        May 30, In the southern Philippines suspected Abu Sayyaf militants launched bomb attacks that wounded five army soldiers who were hunting them amid a crackdown on kidnappings.
    (AP, 5/31/11)
2011        May 30, Authorities in the Philippines detained 122 Vietnamese fishermen after seven boats were intercepted in Philippine waters.
    (AP, 5/30/11)
2011        May 30, Russia banned the import of all vegetables from Germany and Spain and warned the sanction could soon be applied to the rest of Europe because of the deadly E. coli bacteria scare. German officials suspect the deadly strain, which has already killed 12 people, may have come from organic cucumbers imported from Spain.
    (AFP, 5/30/11)
2011        May 30, In Somalia a suicide bomber in Mogadishu was shot at by AU forces and immediately blew up.
    (AP, 5/30/11)
2011        May 30, South Africa President Jacob Zuma arrived in Tripoli for talks on ending the Libyan conflict as NATO chief Anders Fogh Rasmussen said Moamer Kadhafi's "reign of terror" was near its end. 5 generals, 2 colonels and a major announced they had defected from Kadhafi's forces, and said the regime's army was now at 20-percent capacity.
    (AFP, 5/30/11)(AFP, 5/31/11)
2011        May 30, A Spanish judge indicted 20 Salvadorans for the November 16, 1989, slaying of six Jesuit priests and two other people during the Central American country's civil war.
    (AP, 5/30/11) 
2011        May 30, In Sri Lanka police attacked workers protesting over proposed pension reforms in Katunayake, near the capital Colombo. The government had proposed taking over the provident fund savings of workers in the private sector and then paying them a smaller state pension in retirement. A man (22) was critically wounded at the protest and died on June 1.
    (AFP, 6/1/11)
2011        May 30, A UN human rights expert said gruesome new footage from the final days of Sri Lanka's civil war is authentic and proves war crimes took place there, challenging the government's claim that videos showing the army executing captured rebels in May 2009 are faked.
    (AP, 5/30/11)
2011        May 30, Syrian troops shelled the central town of Tabliseh, and for the first time in the two-month-old revolt against the president, residents armed with automatic rifles and rocket-propelled grenades put up fierce resistance. State media said four soldiers were killed. Two bodies were found in the area of Bab Amro cemetery, raising the death toll from the two-day crackdown in the country's turbulent heartland to 11.
    (AP, 5/30/11)
2011        May 30, In Venezuela Guillermo Torres (56), aka "Julian Conrado," a top commander for the FARC rebels, was captured in a collaboration between Colombia and Venezuela.
    (AP, 6/1/11)
2011        May 30, Yemeni warplanes carried out airstrikes on Zinjibar, a southern town seized by hundreds of Islamic militants over the weekend, as the political crisis surrounding the embattled president descended into more bloodshed. Shelling killed at least four of the fighters. 21 Yemeni soldiers were killed in the clashes in Zinjibar. Hundreds of soldiers from the Republican Guard stormed a protest camp in Taiz, firing on crowds and bulldozing a field hospital set up in anticipation of such an attack. Forces loyal to the embattled Yemeni president killed some 5o protesters as they dispersed a sit-in in Taiz.
    (AP, 5/30/11)(AFP, 5/30/11)(Reuters, 5/31/11)(Econ, 6/4/11, p.58)

2011        May 31, Florida Gov. Rick Scott signed legislation requiring all adult applicants for cash benefits from the state welfare system to be tested for drugs. The next day the ACLU sued to stop implementation of the legislation.
    (Econ, 6/11/11, p.37)
2011        May 31, In Kentucky court documents were unsealed charging Iraqi refugees Waad Ramadan Alwan (30) and Mohanad Shareef Hammadi (23) of attempting to send sniper rifles, Stinger missiles and money to Al-Qaida operatives in Iraq. The 2 men arrived in the US in 2009 and were arrested last week.
    (SFC, 6/1/11, p.A8)
2011        May 31, Mahmoud Abdel Salam Omar (74), former chairman of Egypt's Bank of Alexandria, was arrested in NYC for allegedly assaulting a hotel maid the previous evening. On June 24 Omar pleaded guilty to a misdemeanor sexual abuse charge, acknowledging he kissed the woman on the lips and neck and touched her breasts after she brought tissues to his room at the posh Pierre hotel. He completed five days of community service in a soup kitchen, and his case will be closed without jail time or probation if he stays out of trouble for a year.
    (AP, 5/31/11)(http://tinyurl.com/3mjbkkf)(AP, 6/24/11)
2011        May 31, In Virginia a SkyExpress bus hit an embankment and flipped on I-95 killing 4 people of the 59 people onboard.
    (SFC, 6/1/11, p.A10)
2011        May 31, Afghan President Hamid Karzai said he will no longer allow NATO airstrikes on houses, issuing his strongest statement yet against strikes that the military alliance says are key to its war on Taliban insurgents. A NATO spokeswoman said attacks on houses in Afghanistan are necessary and will continue in cooperation with Afghan security forces. A NATO service member was killed in an insurgent attack in eastern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 5/31/11)(AP, 6/1/11)
2011        May 31, The African Union said representatives from north and south Sudan have agreed to set up a demilitarized zone along their shared border, ten days after the north seized the disputed Abyei region.
    (Reuters, 5/31/11)
2011        May 31, Bahrain’s King Hamad bin Isa al-Khalifa (61) said he wanted to engage in a national dialogue. Dismissing the government was not an option as Saudis apparently insisted that his uncle Prince Khalifa bin Salman al-Khalifa (75), who has served as prime minister for 40 years, stay in office.
    (Econ, 6/4/11, p.55)
2011        May 31, Brazilian police arrested nearly 30 people in connection with a series of ATM heists that have left some poorer parts of Sao Paulo with scant access to cash. Five current or former police officers were arrested in the sting and investigators suspect another two dozen police could be involved.
    (AP, 5/31/11)
2011        May 31, Britain’s Lord John Taylor (58) of Warwick, a Conservative member of the House of Lords, became the fifth lawmaker to be jailed over the scandal which rocked British politics in 2009. Taylor, a former lawyer, was sentenced to months in jail. He became the first black Conservative peer when he took his seat in the House of Lords in 1996.
    (AFP, 5/31/11)(Econ, 6/4/11, p.67)
2011        May 31, In the Central African Republic violence erupted after the bodies of two children were discovered in the boot of a car belonging to a Muslim.
    (AF    P, 6/3/11)
2011        May 31, Egypt’s transitional government imposed a quote of no more than 400 passengers a day for crossing into Egypt at Rafah. A blacklist of 5,000 Gazans, who would not be allowed to cross, was reinstated.
    (Econ, 6/4/11, p.58)
2011        May 31, Europe's human rights court ruled that Russia was guilty of violations in its jailing of former oil tycoon Mikhail Khodorkovsky, but found no firm proof that the case was politically motivated.
    (Reuters, 5/31/11)
2011        May 31, Analysts said Germany's plan to shut all its nuclear power plants by 2022 will add up to 40 million tons of CO2 dioxide emissions annually as the country turns to fossil fuels.
    (Reuters, 5/31/11)
2011        May 31, The death from a food-borne bacterial outbreak in Germany rose to 16 with nearly 400 people suffering severe symptoms. Scientists were unsure of which produce and which country was responsible for the unusual E. coli germ.
    (SFC, 6/1/11, p.A2)
2011        May 31, In India medical services were paralyzed across the eastern state of Bihar by a one-day strike by thousands of doctors demanding better security after one of their colleagues was killed by a group of prisoners.
    (AP, 5/31/11)
2011        May 31, Iraqi authorities said that they've arrested a man suspected in the May 26 killing of Ali al-Lami, a prominent Shiite official who was responsible for purging loyalists of deposed ruler Saddam Hussein. The official was once implicated in a bombing that killed Americans.
    (AP, 5/31/11)
2011        May 31, The Israeli military said it has arrested a dozen Palestinian militants in nighttime raids around Jenin in the West Bank. The suspects were linked to Islamic Jihad, which has targeted Israeli civilians in suicide bombings and other deadly attacks.
    (AP, 5/31/11)
2011        May 31, In northeastern Japan an oil spill and a small explosion caused limited damage, but no further radiation leaks. TEPCO said damage to a gas cylinder caused a loud noise outside a reactor building at the Fukushima nuclear plant as rubble was being cleared away.
    (AP, 5/31/11)(Reuters, 5/31/11)
2011        May 31, NATO pounded Tripoli, only hours after South African President Jacob Zuma left Libya's capital having failed to close the gap between Kadhafi and rebels fighting to oust him since February. Zuma said Kadhafi was "ready to implement the roadmap of the AU" and that he had insisted "all Libyans be given a chance to talk among themselves" to determine the country's future.
    (AFP, 5/31/11)
2011        May 31, Mexican police completed the arrests of 25 drug cartel members or collaborators in central Mexico, including a police chief, two commanding officers and seven agents suspected of aiding traffickers. The arrests began May 29 in the mountains of Hidalgo.
    (AP, 5/31/11)
2011        May 31, Pakistani fighter jets attacked militant positions in the Orakzai tribal region close to the Afghan border, killing at least 18 suspected insurgents.
    (AP, 5/31/11)
2011        May 31, Pakistani journalist Syed Saleem Shahzad (40), who investigated al-Qaida's alleged infiltration of the country's navy, was found dead. Police said there were signs he'd been tortured. He had told a rights activist he feared the country's intelligence agencies planned to retaliate against him over his story about the militant infiltration. Two days earlier he had written an investigative report in Asia Times Online saying Al-Qaeda carried out a recent attack on a naval air base to avenge the arrest of naval officials held on suspicion of Al-Qaeda links.
    (AP, 5/31/11)(AFP, 1/13/12)
2011        May 31, Russian officials said the suspected triggerman in the 2006 killing of journalist Anna Politkovskaya has been arrested. Rustam Makhmudov, was arrested in Chechnya and would be transferred to Moscow.
    (AP, 5/31/11)
2011        May 31, The South African Human Rights Commission said South Africa's ambassador to Uganda, a country criticized for threatening the rights of gays, has been found guilty of hate speech for an anti-gay column he wrote before his appointment. Jon Qwelane  was ordered to apologize and pay a fine of 100,000 rand (about $14,000) that the human rights commission will donate to a gay rights organization.
    (AP, 5/31/11)
2011        May 31, South African regulators approved Wal-Mart's 17 billion rand (about $2.4 billion) bid to buy a 51% controlling share of South Africa’s Massmart chain in a ruling that culminated a fierce debate over protectionism in the country with the continent's most promising economy.
    (AP, 5/31/11)
2011        May 31, In Sri Lanka a 3-day seminar opened in Colombo with the aim of teaching the world how to defeat terrorism. Despite calls for a boycott 42 countries attended.
    (Econ, 6/4/11, p.52)
2011        May 31, The Syrian military used heavy machine guns and artillery in renewed attacks on Rastan, a town in the country's turbulent heartland. Opponents of the Syrian regime gathered on Turkey's Mediterranean coast for a conference aimed at overcoming their differences and bolstering protesters who have endured a bloody crackdown under President Bashar Assad. 20 people were reported shot dead in Rastan.
    (AP, 6/1/11)(AP, 6/1/11)
2011        May 31, Turkey's government defended a new regulation that will filter the Internet and restrict access to websites that show pornography, bomb-making and violent content. The new regulation was set to come into effect in August.
    (AP, 5/31/11)
2011        May 31, The official newspaper Neutral Turkmenistan reported that Pres. Gurbanguli Berdymukhamedov has signed a decree authorizing the creation of the National Space Agency. Earlier this month, US space transportation company SpaceX vice president Christophe Bauer announced that his company would launch a satellite for the Central Asian nation in 2014.
    (AP, 5/31/11)
2011        May 31, In Yemen street fighting raged across Sanaa after a tenuous truce broke down between tribal groups and forces loyal to President Ali Abdullah Saleh, edging the impoverished Arab country closer to civil war. Security forces shot dead 7 protesters in Taez.
    (Reuters, 5/31/11)(AFP, 5/31/11)

2011        May, Joseph Cohen, Dan Getelman and Jim Grandpre quit the Univ. of Pennsylvania to launch Coursekit, soon rebranded as Lore, a social learning network for the classroom.
    (Economist, 8/25/12, p.52)
2011        May, Texas approved legislation requiring voters to show government-issued photo identification, such as a driver's license, military identification card, birth certificate with a photo, current U.S. passport, or concealed handgun permit. In March, 2012, the US Dept. of Justice rejected the law.
    (Reuters, 3/12/12)
2011        May, In Austria a 26-year-old, identified only as Yusuf O., was detained on a German arrest warrant. The German national of Turkish descent was suspected of involvement with the German Taliban Mujahideen, a fundamentalist group that prosecutors say seeks to carry out attacks in Afghanistan and Pakistan and found a "religious fundamentalist society" there.
    (AP, 6/18/11)
2011        May, Britain's Serious Fraud Office convicted Edward Davenport (45) and five of his cronies of defrauding victims of millions of pounds. They had set up a company that claimed to have money to lend for major commercial projects. The gang was estimated to have collected more than 4 million pounds ($6.2 million) from victims.
    (AP, 10/5/11)
2011        May, Ecuador banned bullfighting in which bull dies after five centuries of tradition.
    (SSFC, 7/3/11, p.A4)
2011        May, Pakistani Dr. Shakeel Afridi, who helped the CIA track Osama bin Laden, was arrested by the Inter-Services Intelligence Directorate three weeks after the May 2 Abbotabad raid. In October a government inquiry recommended that Afridi be charged with treason.
    (SFC, 10/7/11, p.A4)
2011        May, Taiwan’s biggest-ever food scare began when government inspectors testing sports drinks and soft drinks discovered dangerous levels of industrial plasticizers. Two food additive suppliers had substituted the plasticizers for palm oil as clouding agents. Traces of plasticizers were soon found in pharmaceuticals.
    (Econ, 6/18/11, p.48)

2011        Jun 1, Space shuttle Endeavour and its 6 astronauts landed at Cape Canaveral following a 2-week mission to the Int’l Space Station. This was Endeavour’s last mission. It will now go to the California Science Center in Los Angeles.
    (SFC, 6/2/11, p.A6)
2011        Jun 1, A California-based company, Seeking to capitalize on Arizona's newly enacted medical marijuana law, opened a superstore-sized garden center in Phoenix catering to those who want to grow their own cannabis.
    (Reuters, 6/2/11)
2011        Jun 1, San Francisco Mayor Lee rolled out his first budget, a $6.8 billion spending plan for the fiscal year beginning July 1.
    (SFC, 6/2/11, p.A1)
2011        Jun 1, Illinois became the 6th US state to allow civil unions or their equivalent.
    (SFC, 6/2/11, p.A6)
2011        Jun 1, In Massachusetts at least two late-afternoon tornadoes shocked emergency officials with their suddenness and violence. At least 3 people were killed in the state's first tornado-related deaths in 16 years.
    (AP, 6/2/11)
2011        Jun 1, Pennsylvania and the city of Philadelphia embarked on a 25-year, $2 billion effort to reduce storm water pollution through eco-friendly measures.
    (SFC, 6/2/11, p.A6)
2011        Jun 1, In eastern Afghanistan a NATO service member was killed in an insurgent attack.
    (AP, 6/1/11)
2011        Jun 1, Argentina enacted a law criminalizing money laundering.
    (AP, 6/3/11)
2011        Jun 1, Bahrain ended emergency rule in Manama, but police remained at numerous checkpoints in the city. At least 30 people have been killed since protests began in February.
    (SFC, 6/2/11, p.A3)
2011        Jun 1, Ethiopia's Pres. Girma Wolde Giorgis said the government has commuted the death sentences of 23 high-ranking officials from the ousted communist regime. The sentences were reduced to 25 years.
    (AP, 6/1/11)
2011        Jun 1, The Organization of American States voted 32-1 to allow Honduras to rejoin the OAS. Only Ecuador voted against the measure.
    (SFC, 6/2/11, p.A4)
2011        Jun 1, India pledged to help strengthen the capabilities of Afghanistan's security forces after a meeting between the defense ministers of both countries in New Delhi.
    (AFP, 6/1/11)
2011        Jun 1, Iran's parliament voted to take Mahmoud Ahmadinejad to court over his takeover of the country's lucrative oil ministry, escalating the power struggle between the president and the hard-line establishment that has turned against him.
    (AP, 6/1/11)
2011        Jun 1, Iran’s government media said Haleh Sahabi (54), the daughter of a prominent Iranian dissident, died of a heart attack while attending her father's funeral today, but opposition websites said she died in a scuffle with security forces. The elder Sahabi (81) died a day earlier after being hospitalized with a brain hemorrhage.
    (AP, 6/1/11)
2011        Jun 1, NATO agreed to extend its Libyan air war by three months and dismissed charges by Moamer Kadhafi's regime that the bombing campaign has already killed 718 civilians. Libyan oil minister Shukri Ghanem said in Rome that he now supports the rebel insurgency who have set up a de-facto capital in Benghazi. A UN panel said government forces have committed crimes against humanity and war crimes in a conflict that has left an estimated 10-15 thousand people dead.
    (AP, 6/1/11)(AP, 6/2/11)(SFC, 6/2/11, p.A4)
2011        Jun 1, The Mexican government charged 73 suspects in the killings of 183 people whose bodies were recovered during April in mass graves near the US border.
    (AP, 6/2/11)
2011        Jun 1, A Taliban video was made showing Pakistani policemen being executed by firing squad after being captured in Upper Dir. A commander and his fighters opened fire on at least 15 men, who start crying and moaning. They later pump bullets at close-range into bodies still moving. The victims were policemen and paramilitary police captured on June 1.
    (AP, 7/18/11)
2011        Jun 1, In Peru El Comercio's publisher, Francisco Miro Quesada, responded in the newspaper, calling the accusations by Novelist Mario Vargas Llosa "ill-intentioned untruths" and saying the author's letter was "full of lies." Llosa had angrily pulled his biweekly column from Peru's dominant newspaper on the eve of the presidential runoff election, calling El Comercio "a propaganda machine" for conservative candidate Keiko Fujimori.
    (AP, 6/1/11)
2011        Jun 1, Salvadoran President Mauricio Funes says his Central American country will allow citizens living abroad to vote in the 2014 presidential election.
    (AP, 6/1/11)
2011        Jun 1, Sri Lanka's police chief quit, taking responsibility for officers firing live bullets that killed one man and wounded more than 150 protesters near the capital this week.
    (AFP, 6/1/11)
2011        Jun 1, Sudanese farmers clashed with police in Gezira state, Sudan's agricultural heartland, while demonstrating against an "unacceptable" government offer to buy their land. Under the Gezira Scheme, set up by colonial ruler Britain in 1925 to cultivate cotton and spanning 840,000 hectares of land divided into lots of 20 feddans (around 8-9 hectares), Khartoum was supposed to pay the farmers rent in return for a share of production, but had not done so for more than 40 years.
    (AP, 6/1/11)
2011        Jun 1, The Syrian government freed hundreds of political prisoners in an amnesty and the president set up a committee for national dialogue in an effort to end the 10-week uprising. Syrian military forces killed 42 people in raids around Homs. Over 300 Syrian exiles gathered in Antalya, Turkey, to discuss alternatives to Bashar Assad’s rule.
    (AP, 6/1/11)(AP, 6/2/11)(SFC, 6/2/11, p.A2)(Econ, 6/4/11, p.57)
2011        Jun 1, Taiwan-based Acer Inc, the world No. 2 PC maker, said it will take a $150 million charge to write off inventory and doubtful payments in Europe and will cut 300 jobs there in the latest upheaval following the sudden departure of its CEO in March. Acer charged its former chief executive officer, Gianfranco Lanci, with performance issues, after he had criticized the company's resistance to globalization in interviews with the media.
    (Reuters, 6/1/11)
2011        Jun 1, In Thailand customs authorities found 431 turtles and other rare reptiles stuffed into four suitcases and smuggled into the Bangkok airport.
    (AP, 6/2/11)
2011        Jun 1, Tunisia's coast guard launched operations to rescue would-be immigrants trapped on a fishing boat that stalled off the country's coast. The boat was believed to have set sail from Libya and was en route to Italy with an estimated 800 would-be immigrants. At least 583 of the estimated 800 people on board survived the sinking.
    (AP, 6/1/11)(AP, 6/2/11)(AP, 6/3/11)(SFC, 6/6/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 1, In Yemen 14 soldiers were killed in overnight fighting with the tribesmen. Fresh fighting killed at least 41 people including combatants from both sides.
    (Reuters, 6/1/11)(AP, 6/1/11)

2011        Jun 2, The Obama administration replaced the food pyramid standard for healthful eating with new icon, a plate half filled with fruits and vegetables, the other half with grains and protein.
    (SFC, 6/3/11, p.D1)
2011        Jun 2, In San Francisco firefighter Lt. Vincent Perez (48) was killed after being caught in a flashover at a 4-story home at 133 Berkeley Way in Diamond Heights.
    (SFC, 6/3/11, p.A1)(SFC, 6/4/11, p.A1)
2011        Jun 2, In Arizona Carey Hal Dyess (73) shot and killed 5 people in Yuma. Dyess was found dead of an apparent self-inflicted gunshot. The dead included an attorney who had represented his wife in a divorce.
    (SFC, 6/3/11, p.A4)
2011        Jun 2, In Maryland Sukanya Roy (14) of South Abington Township, Pa., won the 84th Scripps national Spelling Bee.
    (SFC, 6/3/11, p.A7)
2011          Jun 2, The New York Times announced the appointment of Managing Editor Jill Abramson to the position of Executive Editor, effective September 6th. She will become the first woman Executive Editor in the history of the Times.
            (Agence France Presse, 6/2/11)(Washington Post, 6/2/11)
2011        Jun 2, In Afghanistan a German soldier died and five were wounded when their tank was hit by a roadside bomb in Baghlan province.
    (AP, 6/2/11)
2011        Jun 2, Brazil’s Pres. Dilma Rousseff launched a program to eradicate the extreme poverty afflicting 16.2 million people in Brazil by 2014, aiming to fulfill a campaign promise.
    (AFP, 6/3/11)
2011        Jun 2, In Brazil another rural activist, identified only by his first name, Marcos, was found shot to death in the Amazon, just three days after Brazil's leaders discussed how to stop the region's deadly disputes over logging and protect those whose lives are threatened.
    (AP, 6/2/11)
2011        Jun 2, In London Nobel-winning writer V.S. Naipaul (78) faced criticism for saying he does not regard any female authors as his equal, even famed novelist Jane Austen, because they are "sentimental."
    (AFP, 6/2/11)
2011        Jun 2, In Britain an explosion at a Chevron oil refinery in Pembroke, Wales, killed four contractors.
    (SFC, 6/3/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 2, Burkina Faso soldiers were looting and shooting for a 2nd at a major military barracks in Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso’s second-largest city, provoking demonstrations.
    (AP, 6/2/11)
2011        Jun 2, In the Central African Republic sporadic gunfire was heard overnight in Bangui, capital of the CAR, but tension slowly eased after two days of bloodshed targeting Muslims. 11 people were killed including 8 Chadians in violence targeting Muslims in Bangui.
    (AFP, 6/2/11)(AFP, 6/3/11)
2011        Jun 2, In Costa Rica US high school student Justin Johnston (16), of McLouth, Kansas, was shot and killed at a hotel by a security guard who mistook him for a thief.
    (AP, 6/2/11)
2011        Jun 2, In Haiti relief organization Oxfam said clinics in the Carrefour area west of downtown Port-au-Prince are seeing a sharp rise in cholera, with over 300 new cases per day.
    (AP, 6/2/11)
2011        Jun 2, In Iraq a series of bombings ripped through the capital of western Anbar province, killing nine people. New York-based Human Rights Watch said Iraq's central government and regional Kurdish leaders are beating and illegally detaining protesters to try to stop demonstrations calling for reforms.
    (AP, 6/2/11)(AP, 6/3/11)
2011        Jun 2, Human Rights Watch said that forces loyal to Ivory Coast President Alassane Ouattara carried out revenge attacks on supporters of Laurent Gbagbo, concentrated in a pro-Gbagbo neighborhood in Abidjan.
    (AP, 6/2/11)
2011        Jun 2, In Mexico the Global Commission of Drug Policy called for the decriminalization of all drug taking.
    (Econ, 6/4/11, p.70)
2011        Jun 2, In Morocco Khaled al-Amari (30), a member of the main opposition Islamist group, died from wounds sustained during a pro-reform demonstration several days earlier.
    (AP, 6/3/11)
2011        Jun 2, NATO blasted Tripoli with a series of air strikes, sending shuddering booms through the city. Official Tunisian news reported that another 13 servicemen loyal to Gadhafi, including a colonel and four commanders, have fled to neighboring Tunisia. It was the second group of military men to defect to Tunisia this week.
    (AP, 6/2/11)
2011        Jun 2, In Pakistan Islamist militants, who flowed out of Afghanistan, fought a second day of fierce battles with Pakistani security forces in one of the deadliest clashes on the Pakistan side of the frontier in months. Authorities said as many as 45 militants, 28 soldiers and 3 civilians were killed in the fighting.
    (AP, 6/2/11)(SFC, 6/3/11, p.A3)
2011        Jun 2, Serbian farmers blocked roads throughout a northern province demanding higher subsidies from the government. The protests started earlier this week, and have gradually built up. Farmers were angry that the government has kept subsidies at about euro140 ($200) per hectare and limited the supported land to 10 hectares (25 acres).
    (AP, 6/2/11)
2011        Jun 2, In Somalia clashes pitting government forces and their African Union allies against Islamist rebels for control of Mogadishu's main market left at least 17 civilians dead.
    (AFP, 6/2/11)
2011        Jun 2, In South Africa Albertina Sisulu (92), apartheid fighter and former leader of the United Democratic Front, died.
    (SSFC, 6/19/11, p.A4)
2011        Jun 2, South Korea police found the bodies of two men and two women in their 20s in a parked van in Seongju, about 190 miles (300 km) southeast of Seoul. A suicide note was found.
    (AP, 6/2/11)
2011        Jun 2, Spain's prime minister hit out at the European Commission and Germany for singling out the country's produce as a possible source of a deadly bacterial outbreak in Europe, and said the government would demand explanations and reparations. The World Health Organization said the E. coli bacteria responsible for a mysterious outbreak that has left 18 people dead and sickened hundreds is a new strain that has never been seen before. The illness had now spread to at least 10 European countries and fanned uncertainty about eating tomatoes, cucumbers and lettuce.
    (AP, 6/2/11)
2011        Jun 2, Syrian government troops pounded a central town with artillery and gunfire, renewing attacks in a restive area that has been largely cut off from outside contact for six days. At least 42 people were killed in raids around Homs.
    (AP, 6/2/11)(SFC, 6/2/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 2, In Yemen forces loyal to President Ali Abdullah Saleh battled with tribal fighters in Sanaa in overnight clashes that killed dozens as US envoy John Brennan envoy flew around the region to try and stop a civil war.
    (Reuters, 6/2/11)

2011        Jun 3, The US Treasury reached an agreement to sell the rest of its holdings in Chrysler to Italy’s Fiat.
    (Econ, 6/11/11, p.77)
2011        Jun 3, Former North Carolina US Senator John Edwards (57) was charged with using $925,000 in under-the-table campaign contributions to hide his pregnant mistress during 2008 run for president.
    (SFC, 6/4/11, p.A5)
2011        Jun 3, In New Jersey Abdiah Jones (11), on a school trip to the popular shore resort at Wildwood, plunged to her death as she was riding on an amusement park Ferris wheel.
    (Reuters, 6/3/11)
2011        Jun 3, Actor James Arness (88) died at his home in Los Angeles. He played in some 50 films and TV movies and starred as Marshal Mat Dillon in the TV series “Gunsmoke," one of televisions longest running series.
    (SFC, 6/4/11, p.A4)
2011                Jun 3, Singer-songwriter Andrew Gold (“Lonely Boy," “Thank You For Being A Friend") died of cancer, at age 59.
             (LAT, 6/6/11, Obit)(http://tinyurl.com/3ve3y46)
2011        Jun 3, Jack Kevorkian (83), crusader for legalizing physician-assisted suicide, died at a hospital in Royal Oak, Michigan.
    (SFC, 6/4/11, p.A5)
2011        Jun 3, In southern Afghanistan two coalition service members were killed in separate insurgent attacks. An Italian paramilitary Carabinieri was killed in northeastern Panjsher province. Lt. Col. Cristiano Congiu, a member of the anti-drug and security squad at the Italian embassy, was involved in an altercation on a narrow village street. He allegedly fired his pistol and wounded a youth, aged 18 or 19. Villagers then fired their own weapons and killed Congiu.
    (AP, 6/4/11)
2011        Jun 3, Bahraini police fired tear gas and rubber bullets at protesters marching toward the landmark Pearl Square in Manama, two days after authorities lifted emergency rule.
    (AP, 6/3/11)
2011        Jun 3, In Burkina Faso at least seven people, including a 14-year-old girl, were killed during a mutiny by soldiers in Bobo-Dioulasso, the country’s second-largest city. 57 soldiers were arrested and faced court for “rebellion and stealing goods."
    (AP, 6/4/11)
2011        Jun 3, In Canada picket lines went at Canada Post mail processing plant in Winnipeg as part of a limited rotating strike around the country.
    (Reuters, 6/3/11)
2011        Jun 3, A global maritime watchdog warned ships traversing the South China Sea bordering Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore following the hijack of three tugboats and a barge in recent weeks.
    (AFP, 6/3/11)
2011        Jun 3, In Iraq a suicide bomber detonated explosives at a Sunni mosque during Friday prayers, killing 16 people, including a police commander and a judge in Tikrit. Victims were taken to a hospital. Another suicide bomber walked into the hospital and blew himself up near the emergency room, where family members had gathered, killing 5 more people.
    (AP, 6/3/11)
2011        Jun 3, In Israel billionaire Sammy Ofer (89) died after a long illness. Along with his brother, Ofer owned one of the world's biggest container shipping companies. Ofer's name was recently in the news after the US government sanctioned one of his companies for doing business with Iran's national shipping company.
    (AP, 6/3/11)
2011        Jun 3, In Jordan pro-reform activists took to the streets, stepping up their calls for PM Marouf al-Bakhit to resign because they say he has failed to fight corruption.
    (AP, 6/3/11)
2011        Jun 3, In Libya a series of at least 10 NATO strikes hit in and around Tripoli, targeting military barracks close to Gadhafi's sprawling compound, a police station and a military base. A rebel military leader said his troops had broken the siege of two towns in the western Nafusa mountain range, Yefren and Shakshuk. The Chinese Foreign Ministry said that China's ambassador to Qatar had recently met with the head of Libya's rebel council.
    (AP, 6/3/11)
2011        Jun 3, Mexico’s federal Attorney General's Office said authorities in the Pacific port of Manzanillo seized 69 tons (63 metric tons) of two chemicals used to make synthetic drugs. 34 tons of monomethylamine arrived May 6 on one ship and the other ship carrying 35 tons of ethyl phenyl acetate arrived April 10. Both ships were from Shanghai, China.
    (AP, 6/4/11)
2011        Jun 2, In Mexico the Global Commission of Drug Policy called for the decriminalization of all drug taking.
    (Econ, 6/4/11, p.70)
2011        Jun 3, North Korea vowed to launch "retaliatory military actions" against South Korea, a threat that came days after Seoul said its military had used photos of Pyongyang's ruling family for target practice.
    (AP, 6/3/11)
2011        Jun 3, Pakistani helicopters and artillery forced back militants who crossed over from Afghanistan this week and triggered battles that have killed scores of people. The government demanded that NATO and Afghan troops do more to control insurgents on their side of the long, porous border. Mohammad Ilyas Kashmiri, a senior al Qaeda figure, was reportedly killed by a US drone following a tipoff from local intelligence. Mohammad Ilyas Kashmiri, a senior al Qaeda figure, was reportedly killed by a US drone following a tipoff from local intelligence.
    (AP, 6/3/11)(Reuters, 6/4/11)
2011        Jun 3, In Russia fire tore through an ammunition depot in the central region of Udmurtia, causing shells to explode all day. More than 28,000 people were evacuated from their homes. Interfax news said that 106 of the arsenal's 152 buildings were destroyed.
    (AP, 6/3/11)
2011        Jun 3, The UN Security Council demanded that Sudan withdraw troops from Abyei and stop looting and attacks in the region disputed with rival southern Sudan.
    (AP, 6/4/11)
2011        Jun 3, Syrian security forces opened fire in Hama during one of the largest anti-government protests so far in the 10-week revolt, killing at least 70 people.
    (AP, 6/3/11)(AP, 6/4/11)(SFC, 6/5/11, p.A4)(Econ, 6/11/11, p.53)
2011        Jun 3, In Tanzania former Black Panther Party leader Elmer "Geronimo" Pratt (63), died. Pratt was convicted in 1972 of being one of two men who robbed and fatally shot schoolteacher Caroline Olsen on a Santa Monica tennis court in December 1968. The conviction was overturned after he spent 27 years in prison for a crime he maintained he did not commit.
    (AP, 6/3/11)
2011        Jun 3, In Yemen shells struck Yemeni President Ali Abdullah Saleh's palace in Sanaa. President Ali Abdullah Saleh was wounded. 11 guards were killed and seven top officials were also wounded. More than 370 people have been killed, at least 155 of them in the last 10 days, since a popular uprising against Saleh began in January.
    (Reuters, 6/3/11)(AP, 6/3/11)(SFC, 6/9/11, p.A4)

2011        Jun 4, The Chicago Assyrian Dictionary project, begun 1921, was reported complete. It comprised 21 volumes of Akkadian, a Semitic language (with several dialects, including Assyrian) that endured for 2,500 years.
    (AP, 6/4/11)
2011            Jun 4, A newly released Gallup Poll showed that Americans continue to strongly identify with religious belief. According to the poll of more than 1000 respondents across the United States, nine out of ten (92%) expressed a belief in God, a percentage that has remained relatively stable over the past four decades. There were some regional differences: Only 86% of Easterners were believers, while in the South, 96% said they believed in God.  
            (Atlantic Monthly, 6/4/11)(http://tinyurl.com/64qhsuv)
2011        Jun 4, San Francisco firefighter Anthony Valerio (53) died of his injuries from the June 2 fire in Diamond Heights. He was the 2nd firefighter to die from the flashover.
    (SFC, 6/5/11, p.A1)
2011        Jun 4, Lawrence Eagleburger (b.1930), US diplomat, died. He served as US sec. of state for 5 months in 1992 following the resignation of James Baker III.
    (SFC, 6/5/11, p.D11)
2011                Jun 4, The death of longtime Disneyland performer Betty Taylor was announced on the Disneyland website. Ms. Taylor, age 91, played the role of Slue Foot Sue in the Golden Horseshoe Revue. A native of Seattle, she had been a dancer and stage performer before joining the cast of the long-running Disneyland production; she performed in the Revue for three decades. Ironically, her co-star, Wally Boag, died a day earlier.
            (AP, 6/5/11)
2011        Jun 4, In eastern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed four NATO service members. In the east a female suicide bomber detonated her explosives near a coalition convoy, wounding three Afghan guards in Kunar province. In Nangahar province at least two Taliban gunmen shot to death a local counterterrorism official in the Khogyani district.
    (AP, 6/4/11)(AP, 6/5/11)
2011        Jun 4, Greenpeace said 18 of its members have climbed a 53,000-ton oil rig in the Arctic waters off Greenland to protest deepwater drilling by a Scottish oil company there. The activists demanded Cairn Energy release a plan for how to manage a potential oil spill. Police arrested 14 activists, while 4 remained on Leiv Eiriksson oil rig.
    (AP, 6/4/11)(SFC, 6/5/11, p.A4)
2011        Jun 4, Bangladesh opposition supporters set fire to at least six buses in Dhaka, on the eve of a nationwide anti-government strike. Opposition groups, led by former PM Khaleda Zia, were calling for a dawn-to-dusk general June 5 strike to protest government moves to amend the constitution.
    (AP, 6/4/11)
2011        Jun 4, In southern Chile one of the volcanoes in the Caulle Cordon erupted violently, billowing smoke and ash high into the sky and prompting more than 3,500 people living nearby to evacuate.
    (AP, 6/5/11)
2011        Jun 4, In China the anniversary of the 1989 Tiananmen Square crushing of the pro-democracy movement was entirely ignored by the state-controlled media. The square was open under heavy security. Activists said security forces had rounded up a number government critics ahead of the anniversary of the, adding to an already harsh crackdown on dissent.
    (AP, 6/4/11)
2011        Jun 4, Colombia's army said it has killed Alirio Rojas Bocanegra, the security chief for Guillermo Leon Saenz, the head of the country's main rebel group. Saenz took over the top job in 2008.
    (AP, 6/4/11)
2011        Jun 4, An Egyptian court convicted former finance minister Youssef Boutros-Ghali in absentia and sentenced him to 30 years in prison for profiteering and abusing state and private assets. Egypt's public prosecutor referred 48 people to trial for their involvement in deadly Muslim-Christian clashes last month. Hundreds of angry protesters pelted a Cairo police station overnight and torched an armored vehicle. Police fired tear gas to disperse the crowd. Officials said they're investigating the death of bus driver Mohammed Nasr, who was beaten following a fight with a police officer. A truck driver drove through a checkpoint in the northern Sinai city of el-Arish, killing three soldiers and badly injuring a fourth as they slept in their tent.
    (Reuters, 6/4/11)(AFP, 6/4/11)(AP, 6/4/11)
2011        Jun 4, Egypt shut its border crossing with Gaza for the first time since opening it on a routine basis last month. Angry Palestinians stormed the gates in protest. An Egyptian security source said the terminal was shut for maintenance and may reopen in a day.
    (Reuters, 6/4/11)
2011        Jun 4, In India yoga guru Baba Ramdev started an indefinite hunger strike in New Delhi that critics say undermines the country's democratic institutions, but that he says will last until the government agrees "100 percent" to his long list of demands to root out endemic corruption. Tens of thousands of his followers also went on hunger strikes across India and in several cities in the United States, Europe and Africa.
    (AP, 6/4/11)
2011        Jun 4, In Indonesia two suspected terrorists were killed during a gunbattle in a raid in Poso, Central Sulawesi province. The two were allegedly linked to the assailants who killed two police officers and wounded another last week in Palu.
    (AP, 6/4/11)
2011        Jun 4, Italy-based Fiat offered $125 million to buy the Canadian government's stake in Chrysler Group LLC as it moved swiftly to strengthen its control of the US automaker.
    (Reuters, 6/4/11)   
2011        Jun 4, Japan’s Yomiuri Shimbun newspaper reported that Japan has frozen $4.4 billion in assets belonging to Libyan leader Moamer Kadhafi and his entourage under the terms of a UN Security Council resolution.
    (AFP, 6/4/11)   
2011        Jun 4, In Libya British Apache and French attack helicopters struck targets for the first time in NATO's campaign, hitting Moammar Gadhafi's troops near a key coastal oil city.
    (AP, 6/4/11)
2011        Jun 4, Malaysian lawyers, politicians and activists lambasted the police, accusing them of abusing their power in chaining up and marking the bodies of 30 foreign women detained for alleged prostitution.
    (AP, 6/5/11)
2011        Jun 4, In Malaysia the "Obedient Wives Club" was launched. The new club said it can cure social ills such as prostitution and divorce by teaching women to be submissive and keep their men happy in the bedroom.
    (AP, 6/5/11)
2011        Jun 4, Mexican poet-turned-activist Javier Sicilia set off on a cross-country caravan with hundreds of fellow demonstrators to demand an end to drug-related bloodshed. Police raided the home of Jorge Hank Rhon (55), race track owner and former mayor of Tijuana. He was long rumored to be involved in money laundering and other criminal activities, faced charges after police raided his home and found 88 illegal weapons.
    (AP, 6/4/11)(Reuters, 6/5/11)(AP, 6/8/11)(SFC, 6/9/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 4, In Syria more than 100,000 mourners turned out for the funerals of protesters killed by security forces in Hama. Authorities released Ali Abdullah, a leading opposition figure of the Damascus Declaration Group. He had been jailed since 2007.
    (AP, 6/4/11)
2011        Jun 4, Tunisia’s news said clashes between tribal factions killed 5 people with 90 others injured in the southwestern mining town of Metlaoui. Rumors had surfaced about changes in the recruitment policies of the region’s main employer.
    (SFC, 6/5/11, p.A4)
2011        Jun 4, Yemeni President Ali Abdullah Saleh, wounded in an attack in his compound, was reported by al Arabiya television to have left for Saudi Arabia, but a Yemeni official and Saudi source denied he had gone. 10 tribesmen were killed and 35 injured in overnight fighting in the Hassaba neighborhood, headquarters of opposition Sheik Sadeq al-Ahmar. Nearly 400 people have been killed since a popular uprising against Saleh began in January.
    (Reuters, 6/4/11)

2011           Jun 5, Nobel Prize winning economist and M.I.T. professor Peter Diamond announced he was withdrawing his name from consideration for a place on the board of governors of the Federal Reserve Bank. Diamond blamed the political climate for his decision, saying that Republicans repeatedly “voted in lockstep" to block his nomination.
            (Reuters, 6/5/11)(Bloomberg News, 6/5/11)
2011        Jun 5, InfraGard, an Atlanta FBI partner organization, confirmed that almost 180 passwords of its members had been stolen and leaked to the Internet. Lulz Security (LulzSec), an online hacking collective, said it was acting in a response to a recent report that the Pentagon was considering whether to classify some cyber attacks as acts of war.
    (SFC, 6/6/11, p.A6)
2011        Jun 5, The third worst forest fire in Arizona’s history continued to burn, affecting more than 225 square miles and causing many nearby residents to evacuate their homes. By June 8 the fire grew to nearly 486 square miles. Authorities believed it was started by an unattended campfire.
            (AP, 6/5/11)(SFC, 6/7/11, p.A5)(SFC, 6/8/11, p.A11)
2011           Jun 5, Officials in Joplin, Missouri, revised the death toll from May 22’s severe tornado, increasing the number to 141.
            (Reuters, 6/5/11)
2011        Jun 5, Cancer researchers reported that the drug vemurafenib (aka PLX4032) made melanoma tumors shrink significantly in nearly half the patients studied. In August it was approved for use in America.
    (SFC, 6/6/11, p.A9)(Econ, 12/31/11, p.65)
2011        Jun 5, In eastern Afghanistan a coalition helicopter crashed, killing two on board in Khost province. In the south an insurgent attack killed a NATO service member. A bomb killed two Afghan security guards near the entrance of a Kabul Bank branch in the Maidan Shahr district of Wardak province.
    (AP, 6/5/11)
2011        Jun 5, Thousands of Australians across the country rallied to support a tax on the carbon emissions blamed for global warming, as a new report outlined the risks of rising sea levels from climate change.
    (AFP, 6/5/11)
2011        Jun 5, In Bangladesh thousands of security personnel fanned out across Dhaka during a daylong anti-government strike.
    (AP, 6/5/11)
2011        Jun 5, The International Monetary Fund (IMF) agreed a $3 billion financing deal with Egypt and praised the policies of an interim government struggling to stabilize the economy after the popular uprising.
    (Reuters, 6/5/11)
2011           Jun 5, In France, the Conseil Supérieur de l’Audiovisuel (CSL) announced that radio and TV stations would no longer be allowed to promote or recommend their Facebook pages and Twitter feeds on air, unless such sites are part of a news story. The decision, which was first issued quietly on May 27, has now attracted international media outrage thanks to the French bloggers who began writing about it yesterday.
            (AP, 6/6/11)
2011            Jun 5, The German government said they believed a deadly outbreak of E.coli that killed as many as 22 people appeared to be linked to an organic farm near the city of Hamburg, where bean sprouts were grown. The farm was ordered to shut down immediately and its produce was recalled from markets.
            (AP, 6/5/11)
2011        Jun 5, In Greece tens of thousands gathered to protest the government’s austerity policies.
    (SFC, 6/6/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 5, Indian police fired tear gas to break up a hunger strike by charismatic yoga guru Baba Ramdev demanding an end to endemic corruption, forcibly removing him and thousands of his followers.
    (AP, 6/5/11)
2011        Jun 5, Israeli troops opened fire across the Syrian frontier to disperse hundreds of pro-Palestinian protesters who stormed the border of the Israeli-controlled Golan Heights. Syrian state television said 20 people were killed by the Israeli Defense Forces. Israelis said only 10 demonstrators were killed near Kuneitra when their own Molotov cocktails triggered border anti-tank mines.
    (AP, 6/5/11)(Reuters, 6/5/11)(AFP, 6/5/11)(SFC, 6/6/11, p.A2)(Econ, 6/11/11, p.54)
2011        Jun 5, In Libya NATO pounded Tripoli hours after Britain's top diplomat met rebel chiefs in Libya and Russia voiced concerns the alliance's military operation is sliding towards a land campaign.
    (AFP, 6/5/11)
2011        Jun 5, Macedonians voted in early general elections that many hope will move the country closer to EU membership and NATO entry, stalled by a name row with Greece. Conservative PM Nikola Gruevski won but would need to form a coalition to govern for 4 more years.
    (AFP, 6/5/11)(SFC, 6/7/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 5, Hundreds of young Moroccans flouted a government ban and held a peaceful pro-democracy rally in Rabat. The protesters expressed their anger at the beating death of Kamal Al-Amri, a leader of the opposition, as authorities promised not to crack down on protesters.
    (AFP, 6/5/11)(AP, 6/5/11)
2011        Jun 5, In northwest Pakistan a suicide bomber attacked a bakery in Nowshera killing 18 people. Another bomb left 6 others dead.
    (SFC, 6/6/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 5, Peruvians headed to the polls in a presidential election run-off between a leftist ex-army colonel and the daughter of jailed former strongman Alberto Fujimori. Oluntala Humala captured 51.5% of the vote over Keiko Fujimori’s 48.5%.
    (AFP, 6/5/11)(SSFC, 6/19/11, p.A4)(Econ, 6/11/11, p.39)
2011        Jun 5, Portugal voted in an early election to decide who implements a 78 billion euro bailout deal, with the opposition favorites to win after six years of Socialist rule and near financial collapse. The Social Democratic Party (PSD), led by Pedro Passos Coelho (46), won 39% of the vote and elected 105 lawmakers to the 230-seat parliament compared to 28% and 73 seats for the ruling socialists.
    (AFP, 6/5/11)(SFC, 6/6/11, p.A4)(Econ, 6/11/11, p.56)
2011            Jun 5, In San Juan, Puerto Rico, two surviving members of the “Flying Wallendas," Delilah Wallenda and her son Nik, successfully completed a dangerous high-wire walk between two towers of a hotel, on a wire 100 feet above the ground, without a net. They performed the stunt to honor the memory of family patriarch Karl Wallenda, who had fallen to his death while attempting the walk in 1978. 
             (AP, 6/5/11)
2011        Jun 5, Syrian security forces reportedly killed 38 people over the last 2 days in the northern province of Idlib.
    (SFC, 6/6/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 5, In Yemen tens of thousands of people took to Sanaa's streets, hailing what they said was the end of Yemen's regime after President Ali Abdullah Saleh (65), wounded in a blast, left for treatment in Saudi Arabia. Gunmen in Taiz clashed with security forces leaving at least 2 gunmen dead. Saleh was burned over 40% of his body and his wounds were far worse than initially reported.
    (AFP, 6/5/11)(SFC, 6/6/11, p.A3)(AP, 6/7/11)

2011        Jun 6, The US Senate confirmed lawyer Donald Verrilli Jr. as the new Solicitor-General, replacing Elena Kagan, who was appointed to the US Supreme Court. Verrilli most recently served as Deputy Counsel to President Obama.
             (AP, 6/6/11)
2011        Jun 6, The US Supreme Court ruled that universities in California, as well as those in eleven other states which have similar laws, may continue to offer the lower in-state tuition rate to high school graduates who are illegal immigrants.  
            (LAT, 6/6/11)
2011        Jun 6, Austan Goolsbee, chairman of the White House Council of Economic Advisers, and one of President Obama’s most trusted economists, announced he was leaving to return to his job as a business professor in the graduate school at the University of Chicago.
            (Reuters, 6/6/11)
2011        Jun 6, Under pressure from bloggers and journalists, Representative Anthony Weiner of New York finally admitted he sent inappropriate e-mails to six women he did not know but met via social media. He also admitted to lying about using Twitter to send a suggestive photo of himself to a young woman. He had previously denied sending the photo, claiming his account was hacked. After apologizing to his wife and his constituents for his poor judgment, Weiner said he had no plans to resign from his congressional seat.
            (NYT, 6/6/11)
2011        Jun 6, In a New York courtroom, Dominique Strauss-Kahn, the disgraced former head of the International Monetary Fund, pleaded not guilty to charges that he attempted to rape a maid at the hotel where he had been staying.
            (AFP, 6/6/11)
2011        Jun 6, Former Pennsylvania congressman Rick Santorum, a social conservative, announced that he is a candidate for the Republican nomination for president.
            (LAT, 6/6/11)
2011        Jun 6, Apple CEO Steve Jobs, who had been on medical leave while battling pancreatic cancer, attended a conference of software developers to unveil a new service called iCloud. The iCloud stores music, photos, documents and electronic books “in the cloud," and is able to transfer them between Apple devices, without the need for hooking up a cable. 
    (AFP, 6/6/11)
2011              Jun 6, In California the Golden State Warriors hired Mark Jackson to be their new head coach. Jackson, a former NBA star and a current television sports commentator, has never coached a professional basketball team
            (SFC, 6/6/11)
2011        Jun 6, David Henderson (21), a former SF prep football star, was taken off life support following a May 26 shooting that left him paralyzed from the neck down.
    (SFC, 6/8/11, p.C1)
2011            Jun 6, Veteran CBS news reporter Scott Pelley made his debut as the new anchor of the CBS Evening News, a role he assumed after being chosen to replace Katie Couric.
            (AP, 6/6/11)
2011        Jun 6, In Britain Asim Kauser (25), a British national, was arrested at his home following an operation by the North West Counter Terrorism Unit. The alleged offenses took place between January 2009 and June 2011.
    (AP, 6/16/11)
2011       Jun 6, German officials retracted their assertion (see Jun 5) that the E.coli epidemic was caused by bean sprouts from an organic farm. They said there was not enough data to determine if the farm was in fact the source of the deadly outbreak, which sickened people all over Europe and resulted in twenty-two deaths.
             (AP, 6/6/11)
2011        Jun 6, In Iraq five members of the US military who were serving as advisors to the Iraqi security police, were killed by a rocket attack on their residence in Baghdad. This was the worst single-day loss of life for American troops in Iraq in two years. Kataib Hezbollah claimed responsibility for the rocket attack.
            (AP, 6/6/11)(AP, 6/30/11)
2011        Jun 6, In Pakistan US drone aircraft struck at least 3 attacks in South Waziristan killing at least 18 people.
    (SFC, 6/7/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 6, In Peru the remains of 5 soldiers arrived in Lima. They were killed in an ambush attributed to Shining Path guerrillas in the Apurimac River Valley.
    (SSFC, 6/19/11, p.A4)
2011        Jun 6, Syrian American lesbian blogger Amina Arraf was allegedly last seen in Damascus after being bundled into a car by 3 men in civilian clothes. On June 13 this story was revealed as a hoax and a 40-year old American man living in Scotland apologized for posing as Arraf.
    (SFC, 6/8/11, p.A2)(SFC, 6/14/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 6, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon of South Korea announced his intention to seek a second five-year term. His current term expires at the end of December.
            (AP, 6/6/11)
2011        Jun 6, Yemen’s president Ali Abdullah Saleh announced he would soon return to Yemen; he had been recuperating in Saudi Arabia after being wounded in an attack.
            (AFP, 6/6/11)

2011        Jun 7, Pres. Obama honored German Chancellor Angela Merkel, by presenting her with the Medal of Freedom. Merkel, chancellor since 2005, grew up under Communism and lived to see the rise of democracy in her country; she is Germany’s first woman leader.
            (LAT, 6/7/2011)
2011        Jun 7, Nancy Pelosi, the leader of the Democrats in the House of Representatives, called for an ethics investigation into the conduct of Rep. Anthony Weiner to see if the representative’s Twitter scandal had broken any laws. 
            (Reuters, 6/7/11)
2011        Jun 7, In Oregon City, Oregon, Timothy and Rebecca Wyland were convicted of felony criminal mistreatment for refusing to get medical treatment for their infant daughter Alayna. The Wylands belong to a church that only believes in faith healing, and although their daughter had a growth on one eye that nearly blinded her, they would not take her to a doctor. The state intervened and made sure Alayna did receive medical treatment. When the Wylands are sentenced at the end of June, they face up to five years in jail.
            (Portland Oregonian, 6/7/11)
2011        Jun 7, NBC won a fierce bidding war over exclusive television coverage of the Olympics, outbidding Fox and ESPN. NBC signed a deal which cost $4.38 billion, and gave the network US broadcasting rights to the four Olympic Games from 2014 until 2020.
    (Reuters, 6/7/11)
2011        Jun 7, In Colorado the new mayor of Denver is Democratic councilman Michael Hancock, who defeated his main challenger, former senator Chris Romer, in a runoff election (Hancock and Romer were the two biggest vote-getters in the city’s May 3rd election; they then faced each other in the runoff). Hancock will be sworn in on July 18th.
            (AP, 6/7/11)
2011        Jun 7, California Blue Shield CEO Bruce Bodaken announced a 2% cap on revenue.
    (SFC, 6/7/11, p.A8)
2011        Jun 7, SF police killed Joshua Camden Smith (25), a robber who had become known as the “Gen X bandit," due to his distinctive attire while holding up two banks in Orange County.
    (SFC, 6/9/11, p.C3) 
2011        Jun 7, Dmitri Mendeleev's Periodic Table of Chemical Elements was augmented with two new entries – elements 114 and 116. An international commission of scientists, comprised mostly of physicists and chemists, agreed to include the ultra-heavy chemicals in the Table.
    (SFC, 6/9/11, p.A6)(http://tinyurl.com/64s59wa)
2011        Jun 7, In Afghanistan the decapitated remains of Jawad Zehak, a Bamiyan provincial politician, were recovered.
    (SFC, 6/8/11, p.A5)
2011        Jun 7, Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff's chief of staff Antonio Palocci stepped down amid questions over how his personal wealth rose sharply while he served as a congressman in 2010.
    (AP, 7/6/11)
2011        Jun 7, Colombian authorities said 4 police officers were killed and 16 injured in an alleged rebel attack in the southwestern province of Cauca.
    (SFC, 6/8/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 7, The EU imposed sanctions on 6 ports still held by Colonel Qaddafi. Russian President Dmitri Medvedev sent an envoy to Libya for the first time to meet with rebel leaders in the city of Benghazi and promise support. At least 40 NATO strikes hit Tripoli as Khadafy spoke in an audio address and vowed never to surrender.
    (Econ, 6/18/11, p.53)(AFP, 6/7/11)(SFC, 6/8/11, p.A4)
2011        Jun 7, In Gambia former communications minister Amadou Janneh, a US national, was arrested along with others for "conspiring among themselves to carry out an enterprise with force with the intent to usurp the executive powers of the state."
    (AFP, 7/20/11)
2011        Jun 7, The austerity measures proposed by Greece’s PM George Papandreou in response to his country’s debt crisis continued to encounter fierce opposition, as thousands of Greek citizens continued to protest in the square outside the parliament building.
            (AFP, 6/7/11)
2011        Jun 7, In Haiti 7 days of heavy rains led to 23 deaths as mudslides and floods battered parts of the south.
            (AP, 6/7/11)
2011        Jun 7, In Nigeria at least 11 people were killed in multiple blasts and targeted attacks by the Boko Haram Muslim sect.
    (SFC, 6/8/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 7, A Philippine court froze $23 million in bank accounts and assets of the Ampatuan family linked to the 2009 politically motivated massacre of at least 57 people.
    (SFC, 6/8/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 7, A Russian Soyuz spacecraft took off from Kazakhstan, bound for the International Space Station. In the three-man crew were Russian cosmonaut Sergei Volkov, American astronaut Michael Fossum, and Japanese astronaut Satoshi Furukawa of Japan's JAXA space agency. The trio will spend six months on the space station.
            (AP, 6/7/11)(Reuters, 6/7/11)
2011        Jun 7, In Somalia Fazul Abdullah Mohammed, one of the most wanted Al-Qaeda terrorists, was killed by security forces at a government-run checkpoint in Mogadishu. He died when the security forces discovered that he and another man with whom he was traveling were armed. Mohammed was believed to be the mastermind behind the 1998 bombings of embassies in Kenya and Tanzania, in which 224 people died.
            (AP, 6/11/11)
2011        Jun 7, Syria’s government said 120 of its forces were killed in Jisr al-Shughour as people fled the area for the nearby Turkish border. Syria said armed gangs killed security personnel in the town after large demonstrations there.
    (SFC, 6/8/11, p.A4)(Reuters, 4/25/15)
2011        Jun 7, Authorities in Uruguay remained puzzled by the fact that more than 600 dead penguins had washed up on the shores at La Paloma and Piriapolils since the weekend. Marine biologists were trying to determine why such a large number of penguins were found dead.
            (AP, 6/7/11)
2011        Jun 7, In Yemen attacks by militants and the government army left dozens dead in 2 restive provinces.
    (SFC, 6/8/11, p.A4)

2011        Jun 8, An increasing number of Democratic and Republican members of congress called for scandal-plagued New York Representative Anthony Weiner to resign. Meanwhile, sources revealed that his wife, Huma Abedin, an aide to Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, is pregnant.    
            (AP, 6/8/11)(Reuters, 6/8/11)
2011        Jun 8, The wildfire raging in eastern Arizona, showed no signs of being under control. The blaze now spread over 607 square miles, blackening about 389,000 acres.  Authorities expressed concern that the flames could soon disrupt power lines, which would affect not only Arizona but parts of Texas and New Mexico.  
            (AP, 6/8/11)       
2011        Jun 8, At Camp Shelby, a military training base in southern Mississippi, a lightning strike hit a power pole, near the tents of Air Force Reserve cadets. Nobody was hit directly, but 77 cadets were sent to the hospital as a precaution. 
            (AP, 6/8/11)
2011        Jun 8, Meredith Vieira ended her five year stint as co-host of the popular Today Show. The veteran newswoman is leaving television to spend more time with her husband, who suffers from multiple sclerosis. Vieira is being replaced on Today by Ann Curry.
            (AP, 6/8/11)
2011        Jun 8, In East Palo Alto, CA, Fabian Zaragoza (17) was charged as an adult in the murder of a 3-month old baby and the wounding of the baby’s mother. Zaragoza shot at a car in which he believed he saw two gang members, who had beaten him up a few days earlier. But in a case of mistaken identity, the car belonged to a family leaving a baby shower.
            (SFC, 6/8/11)     
2011        Jun 8, By a wide margin, voters in Hercules, Ca., recalled the mayor, Joanne Ward, and a city councilman, Donald Kuehne, in a special election. Both had earned the ire of local voters for arranging unethical business deals that benefited friends and contributed to the city’s financial crisis; the two also fired a city manager who was investigating their conduct.
            (SFC, 6/8/11, p. C3)(Martinez CA News-Gazette, 6/9/11)  
2011        Jun 8, Rap music star Ja Rule (real name Jeffrey Atkins) left a NYC courthouse to begin serving a two-year prison sentence for criminal gun possession. He may also face additional jail time as a result of pleading guilty to failure to pay taxes on more than $3 million in income.
            (AP, 6/8/11)
2011        Jun 8, In Nevada, Carolyn Goodman, wife of popular Las Vegas mayor Oscar Goodman, succeeded him in office. She was easily elected, receiving 61% of the vote. 
            (Las Vegas Sun, 6/811)(AP, 6/8/11)    
2011        Jun 8, At meetings in Vienna, Austria, OPEC failed to come to an agreement to boost oil production, as a majority of the members voted not to do so. The vote disappointed western nations, which had hoped an increase in production would help to lower high oil prices.
            (AFP, 6/8/11)
2011        Jun 8, The government of Iran announced it planned to continue nuclear enrichment, despite opposition from other nations that worried Iran was planning to build an atomic bomb.
            (Reuters, 6/8/11)
2011        Jun 8, In Libya Khadafy forces shelled Misrata killing 10 rebel fighters.
    (SFC, 6/9/11, p.A5)
2011        Jun 8, In Pakistan Taliban fighters launched an attack at a security checkpoint in South Waziristan. 8 Pakistani soldiers and ten militants were killed in the clash. Sarfraz Shah (18), an unarmed teenager, was killed in Karachi by members of the  paramilitary Rangers. 6 Rangers were arrested in connection with the killing. On Aug 12 a court sentenced to death Shahid Zafar, the soldier who shot and killed the unarmed youth. Five other soldiers and a civilian who were present during the killing were convicted of murder and handed life sentences.
            (AP, 6/8/11)(SFC, 6/10/11, p.A5)(AP, 8/12/11)(SFC, 8/13/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 8, In Sudan an eyewitness allegedly saw 100 bodies or more put into a pit in Southern Kordofan state, where the Arab military has been targeting a black ethnic minority loyal to the military of the newly independent Republic of South Sudan. On July 14 the Satellite Sentinel Project released images showing what appeared to be freshly dug grave sites in Southern Kordofan state. In August satellite imagery revealed the existence more mass graves, bringing the total number of mass graves sited there to eight.
    (AP, 7/14/11)(AP, 8/24/11)
2011        Jun 8, Civil strife continued in Syria, as elite troops, led by President Bashar Assad’s brother Maher, were sent to the northern region of the country to crack down on anti-government rebels, who are fighting to overthrow the Assad regime.
    (AP, 6/8/11)
2011        Jun 8, Turkey’s PM Erdogan said he would scrap the ministry for women along with 7 other cabinet jobs.
    (Econ, 6/11/11, p.59)(http://tinyurl.com/3tw6omd)
2011        Jun 8, Yemeni security officials said opposition tribesmen have taken control of Taiz.
    (SFC, 6/9/11, p.A4)
2011        Jun 8, In Zimbabwe a group of 19 armed men made off with one ton of gold ore, beating farm workers with hot iron bars at Chav-Chess Farm outside Kadoma.
    (AFP, 7/27/11)

2011        Jun 9, In New York, officials of Citibank acknowledged that hackers had breached their system in May and gained access to the names, account numbers and e-mail addresses of about 200,000 customers.
            (AP, 6/9/11)
2011        Jun 9, Goldman Sachs Group agreed to pay a $10 million fine and stop giving special treatment to wealthy clients, in a consent order that settled an action brought by Massachusetts’ securities regulators. Goldman Sachs was accused of having a two-tiered approach to its Massachusetts customers: giving preferential financial advice and tips to its wealthiest clients, while not giving its other customers equal access to that information.
            (Reuters, 6/9/11)   
2011        Jun 9, In a federal court in Chicago, a jury found Pakistani-born Chicago businessman Tahawwur Rana guilty of plotting an attack on a Danish newspaper that had printed cartoons of the prophet Muhammad; but they failed to convict him of providing material support to the militant group that planned the deadly attack on Mumbai, India, which killed 166 people.
            (AP, 6/9/11)
2011        Jun 9, Robert Bentley, the Republican governor of Alabama, signed a harsh new anti-immigration law. Among the provisions in the legislation, schools will be required to check the immigration status of their students, and landlords will be expected to do the same when renting an apartment; it will be a crime to knowingly give a ride to a person who illegal, and when police conduct a traffic stop, they  can  arrest any person suspected of being in the country illegally.
             (AP, 6/9/11)
2011        Jun 9, California officials reported that giant Central Valley water pumps killed 6 million young splittail fish last month and tens of thousands of imperiled chinook salmon since October.
    (SFC, 6/9/11, p.A1)
2011        Jun 9, Yusuf Bey (25), former head of Your Black Muslim Bakery, was found guilty of 3 counts of murder for ordering the killing of Oakland Post editor Chauncey Bailey and two other men in 2007. Bey had wanted Bailey dead to stop the publication of an unflattering investigative report. Bailey had been looking into the bakery’s finances and the business practices of its ownership. Antoine Mackay (25) was convicted of 2 counts of first-degree murder for the killings of Bailey and Michael Wills (36). The jury split on the murder of Odell Robertson (31).
            (SFC, 6/9/11)
2011        Jun 9, Malikah Shabazz (46), the daughter of civil rights leader Malcolm X, was released from, jail in NYC after pleading guilty to stealing the identity of an elderly family friend and running up over $55,000 in credit card bills. She was arrested in North Carolina on Feb 18.
    (SFC, 6/9/11, p.A8)
2011        Jun 9, It was announced that the world’s wealthiest dog has died. Trouble, the pet of billionaire hotel tycoon Leona Helmsley, died at age 12. Helmsley provoked controversy when she cut several of her grandchildren from her will and left the money for the care and maintenance of her pet Maltese.  The money will now go into the Helmsley Charitable Trust.
            (NYT, 6/9/11)
2011        Jun 9, The Afghan government said gunmen have killed 9 people in a nighttime attack on a wedding party in Nangarhar province.
    (SFC, 6/9/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 9, London said it will allow the Scottish Government to start borrowing money for infrastructural investment from 2011, earlier than a proposal to give Scotland full borrowing powers from April 2015.
    (Reuters, 2/16/12)
2011        Jun 9, German authorities reported that 3 more people have died from E. coli raising the toll to 29 in less than 6 weeks.
    (SFC, 6/10/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 9, Guatemalan authorities said they have arrested Hector Bol de la Cruz (70), a former national police chief, for his alleged involvement in the civil-war era disappearance of union activist Edgar Fernando Garcia.
    (SFC, 6/10/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 9, Indian news reported that 2 wild elephants killed a man and injured other people in Mysore.
    (SFC, 6/9/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 9, Nations currently involved in supporting the rebels in their fight against Libyan dictator Moammar Khaddafi have pledged more than one billion dollars in aid to the anti-Khaddafi forces. Among the nations pledging the aid were Australia, France, Italy, and Turkey.
            (NYT, 6/9/11)
2011        Jun 9, Five Mexican soccer players tested positive for clenbuterol, a steroid. The Mexican Soccer Federation officials had no other recourse but to send 5 of their players home for failing the steroid test. The players contend that they did not commit any wrongdoing and the positive test for clenbuterol may be caused by inadvertently ingesting contaminated meat. Mexico's health department said the next day that occurrences of contaminated beef in Mexico are less than one in a million.
    (www.latimes.com/sports/la-sp-0611-soccer-gold-cup-20110611,0,3638890.story)
2011        Jun 9, In northern Myanmar fighting began 9 when government troops allegedly shelled a Kachin base in a bid to force the rebel fighters from a strategic region where China is constructing major hydropower plants.
    (AP, 6/16/11)
2011        Jun 9, Russian officials said a wave of wildfires this year have already torched 1.48 million acres of mainly Siberian forests and left 3 fire fighters dead.
    (SFC, 6/10/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 9, In Sudan fighting resumed for a 5th day along the north-south order.
    (SFC, 6/10/11, p.A2)
2011           Jun 9, In Syria government troops surrounded Jisr al-Shughour in a crack down on rebels. Over 2,400 people fled the area escaping over the border into Turkey, where they were settled in a temporary refugee camp. Policemen turned their guns on each other and soldiers shed their uniforms rather than obey orders to fire on protesters. 3 young men from Latakia were beheaded by forces loyal to Assad.      
            (Reuters, 6/9/11)(SFC, 6/10/11, p.A5)

2011        Jun 10, US Border Patrol agents near the Rio Grande River engaged in a shoot-out with suspected drug smugglers. Unconfirmed reports said that three suspects were either wounded or killed. US agents have been trying to prevent rafts which contained drugs from getting to the American side of the border.   
            (AP, 6/10/11)               
2011        Jun 10, The state of Alaska has released more than 24,000 pages of printed e-mails from former governor Sarah Palin. The e-mails include some from her government account and some from two personal accounts, and are said to shed light on how she did business while she was in office. Individuals who want to read them will have to pay a $725 charge for copying and several hundred dollars more to have them delivered. Interest in Palin remains high amidst rumors that she plans to run for president, and several newspapers were already making plans to scan and publish the e-mails.
            (Reuters, 6/10/11)       
2011        Jun 10, Arizona firefighters said they were making progress in containing a raging wildfire, but the fire still seemed on the verge of reaching New Mexico. Concern remained that it might damage power lines. The fire has now affected 639 square miles of forest and forced nearly 10,000 people to evacuate their homes.
            (AP, 6/10/11)(Reuters, 6/10/11)
2011        Jun 10, The death toll from the tornado in Joplin, Missouri, has risen to 151. A number of survivors were now returning to the hospital suffering from severe fungal infections, called zygomycosis, in their wounds.
            (AP, 6/10/11)
2011        Jun 10, In Kinston, North Carolina, Deputy Warren Lewis was shot and killed while serving a murder warrant on suspects. 5 suspects were taken into custody.
    (SFC, 6/11/11, p.A5)
2011        Jun 10, In a surgical procedure that took more than twenty hours, Charla Nash (57), a Connecticut woman disfigured in a Feb 16, 2009, attack by her friend’s chimpanzee Travis, received a face transplant at Brigham & Women’s Hospital in Boston. She is only the third person in the United States to receive a full face transplant. At the same time, surgeons also attempted to give Nash a hand transplant, but this procedure was not successful.
            (Boston Globe, 6/10/11)(AP, 6/10/11)
2011        Jun 10, Officials from NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) were trying to find the person who has been shooting and killing gray seals. In the past month, five adult seals, all with gunshot wounds to the head, have been found dead on Cape Cod (MA) beaches.     
            (Boston Globe, 6/10/11)(New Bedford MA Standard-Times, 6/10/11)
2011        Jun 10, Sir Patrick Leigh Fermor (b.1915), English traveler and writer, died. His books included “A Time of Gifts" (1977) and “Between the Woods and Water" (1986). In 2012 Artemis Cooper authored “Patrick Leigh Fermor: An Adventure." In 2013 Fermor’s book “The Broken Road: From the Iron Gates to Mount Athos" was published posthumously. 
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patrick_Leigh_Fermor)(Econ, 6/18/11, p.93) (Econ, 10/20/12, p.77)(Econ, 9/14/13, p.90)
2011        Jun 10, Flooding in central China was reported to have killed 41 people.
    (SFC, 6/11/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 10-2011 Jun 12, In Congo’s South Kivu province at least 121 rapes occurred during this period in the village of Nyakiele. Medicins Sans Frontieres worked with Congolese health officials and the UN to get more information. 55 women said they were raped in the night of June 10 to 11, while another said 72 women in the village of Kanguli reported having been violated that same night.
    (AP, 6/23/11)(Reuters, 6/24/11)(AP, 7/1/11)(AFP, 7/4/11)
2011        Jun 10, Laboratory tests have determined that the E. coli epidemic in Germany and parts of Europe was in fact caused by contaminated bean sprouts from an organic farm. German authorities had been forced to retract their assertion that the sprouts were to blame, but now, high-tech laboratory testing proved that the sprouts were the culprit in the outbreak that has killed 31 people and sickened nearly 3,000 Germans.
            (AP, 6/10/11)(SFC, 6/11/11, p.A3)
2011        Jun 10, Libyan rebels staged an uprising in the western city of Zlitan. 22 fighters were reported killed. Turkey’s PM Erdogan said his country has offered to help Khadafy leave.
    (SFC, 6/11/11, p.A4)
2011        Jun 10, Mexican suspect Dhither Camarillo Palafox, alias "Taurus," was arrested in the Caribbean coast resort of Cancun. He was a leader of the so-called "Zodiac" kidnapping gang. Alleged associates nicknamed "Sagittarius" and "Aquarius" were arrested in 2009. The group's other leader, nicknamed "Cancer," was detained in 2005.
    (AP, 6/16/11)
2011        Jun 10, In Russia disgraced army Col. Yuri Budanov was gunned down in central Moscow. He had been convicted to 10 years in prison for kidnapping and strangling Heda Kungayeva (18), a Chechen girl, in 2000, but was released on parole in 2009.
    (SFC, 6/11/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 10, In Somalia Interior Minister Abdishakur Sheikh Hassan and a suicide bomber, said to be his niece, were killed in an explosion  in his home.
    (SFC, 6/11/11, p.A3)
2011        Jun 10, The Spanish government announced it had arrested three men who were suspected of being part of the hacker group known as Anonymous; the men, called “hacktivists," were charged with organizing and carrying out the hacking of the websites of Sony Corporation, as well as several banks.  
            (Reuters, 6/10/11)
2011        Jun 10, Syrian government forces killed at least 32 protesters. The military fired live ammunition at a group of demonstrators in the Hauran Plain region. Government troops fanned out to quell similar protests in a number of other regions as demonstrators rose up in no fewer than 138 places calling for the overthrow of the regime of Bashar al-Assad.
            (Reuters, 6/10/11)(SFC, 6/11/11, p.A4)(Econ, 6/18/11, p.16)
2011        Jun 10, A UN AIDS summit adopted a ground-breaking declaration that committed to providing life-saving medications to 15 million AIDS sufferers in the poorest countries by 2015.
            (AFP, 6/10/11)
2011        Jun 10, Venezuelan president Hugo Chavez had surgery in Cuba for an abscess in his pelvis. A government spokesperson said the operation was successful and he would remain in Cuba for several more days, while he recuperated.
            (Reuters, 6/10/11)
2011        Jun 10, In Yemen, more than 100,000 protesters took to the streets in the main square of Sanaa, as demonstrators continued to call for the resignation of President Ali Abdullah Saleh. The president, who is still in a hospital in Saudi Arabia, has stated he has no plans of stepping down.
            (AP, 6/10/11)

2011        Jun 11, Scandal-plagued New York congressman Anthony Weiner, under pressure from the leaders of his party to resign, instead announced he was taking a leave of absence from congress to seek professional help. In a statement Weiner said he hoped that therapy would help him to become “a better husband and a healthier person."
            (Reuters, 6/11/11)    
2011           Jun 11, Brian Young of Kodiak, Alaska, suddenly stopped breathing after he completed the 20-hour climb up to the summit of Mt. McKinley and then back to camp. Young was the fifth climber this season to die at Mt. McKinley, which is North America’s tallest peak.   
            (Reuters, 6/11/11)
2011           Jun 11, The wildfire in eastern Arizona was now spreading hazy smoke as far away as central New Mexico, causing officials there to worry about potential threats to people with respiratory conditions. The fire, still not contained, had now burned 672 square miles of land.
            (NYT, 6/11/11)(AP, 6/11/11)
2011           Jun 11, A 140 lb. male mountain lion was struck by an SUV on a highway in Milford, CT. The driver was unhurt but the mountain lion died from its injuries. Since mountain lions are not native to Connecticut, officials from the Department of Environmental Protection believed the animal had been held in captivity and then escaped from its owner.
            (Hartford Courant, 6/11/11)(Reuters, 6/12/11)
2011        Jun 11, It was reported that Harold Camping (89), the doomsday preacher who had recently predicted that the world would end on May 21, suffered a stroke. The radio evangelist was expected to recover, but the stroke might end his Family Radio ministry, since he was suffering from slurred speech.
            (Oakland, CA Tribune, 6/11/11)(Econ, 5/28/11, p.36)
2011        Jun 11, New York’s the Belmont Stakes was won by Ruler on Ice, a 24-1 long shot. Favorite Animal Kingdom nearly fell at the beginning of the race and never caught up, finishing fifth. 
            (AP, 6/11/11)
2011        Jun 11, In North Carolina the bodies of 4 people were found shot to death along a highway in Durham.
    (SSFC, 6/19/11, p.A8)
2011        Jun 11, Texas Gov. Rick Perry’s proclamation, issued on June 6, continued to evoke controversy. The governor, who declared that August 6th should be a “day of prayer and fasting for our nation’s challenges," invited other governors to join him at an evangelical Christian prayer service, sponsored by groups that include the American Family Association, known for its opposition to gay rights and its condemnation of homosexuality.
            (NYT, 6/12/11, p. A31)
2011            Jun 11, In Afghanistan at least 21 people were killed across the country. A report from the UN Mission to Afghanistan noted that the month of May was especially deadly for Afghan civilians. 368 deaths were reported and 593 civilians were wounded.
            (AP, 6/11/11)(SSFC, 6/19/11, p.A5)
2011        Jun 11, In Bahrain over 10,000 demonstrators joined the first public rally in months as the main Shiite party urged backers to press ahead for political rights.
    (SSFC, 6/19/11, p.A4)
2011        Jun 11, Chile’s Puyehue-Cordon Caulle volcano continued to sporadically spew a cloud of ash, disrupting airline travel from Brazil and Argentina to as far away as Australia and New Zealand.   
            (AP, 6/11/11)
2011        Jun 11, The International Monetary Fund acknowledged that it had been the victim of a cyber-attack on its computers. The attack was said to be very sophisticated, and its intent was to install spyware. The intruders were able to access and read numerous e-mails and documents; several published reports said the attack was “connected to a foreign government," but did not reveal which one.      
            (Reuters, 6/11/11)
2011        Jun 11, In India Jyotirmoy Dey, an investigations editor at the Mid-day daily tabloid, was gunned down in a daylight drive-by shooting in a northern suburb of Mumbai.  On Nov 25 Jigna Vora, a journalist with the Asian Age, was remanded in police custody until December 1 on suspicion of conspiracy and aiding and abetting the killers of Dey. Police believe he was killed on the orders of underworld crime boss Chhota Rajan. On Dec 3 an indictment was filed in a Maharashtra state court naming Rajan along with 11 other people, including the alleged gunmen and those suspected of providing material used in the killing.
    (AP, 11/25/11)(AP, 12/3/11)
2011        Jun 11, In northern Iraq two car bombs killed 6 people and wounded 52 in Mosul. A separate attack in Tikrit killed the 3 sons and a daughter of a  school teacher. A human rights activist was killed in Baghdad.    
            (AP, 6/11/11)(SSFC, 6/19/11, p.A4)
2011        Jun 11, Pop star Lady Gaga performed at a large gay pride rally at Rome’s Circus Maximus. She also used the appearance to speak out in favor of full equality for gay men and lesbians, and to denounce countries that show intolerance to those who are different.
            (AP, 6/11/11)(AFP, 6/11/11)
2011        Jun 11, In Japan protesters held mass demonstrations across the country against nuclear power in the wake of the March 11 earthquake and tsunami that left over 23,000 dead.
    (SSFC, 6/19/11, p.A7)
2011        Jun 11, In Peshawar, Pakistan, two bomb blasts severely damaged a supermarket and hotel, killing 34 people and injuring more nearly 100. Authorities suspected the Pakistani Taliban.
            (AFP, 6/11/11)(SSFC, 6/19/11, p.A4)
2011        Jun 11, In Yemen clashes between soldiers and Islamic militants around Lawdar and Zinjibar left 21 militants dead as well as 19 soldiers.
    (SSFC, 6/19/11, p.A6)

2011            Jun 12, At the Tony Awards, the big winner was “The Book of Mormon," described by one critic as a “profane and hysterical" musical comedy, from the creators of the hit TV show “South Park." The play earned nine awards, including the year’s Best Musical.
            (AP, 6/12/11)
2011        Jun 12, In the National Basketball Association finals, the underdog Dallas Mavericks defeated the Miami Heat four games to two, to capture their first ever NBA championship.
            (Houston Chronicle, 6/12/11)(Reuters, 6/12/11)
2011        Jun 12, Boxer Mike Tyson was inducted into the International Boxing Hall of Fame in Canastota, NY, as thousands of fans cheered the former heavyweight champion. 
            (AFP, 6/12/11)
2011        Jun 12, In Arizona a fire broke out near Sierra Vista. The Monument Fire soon forced 2,600 people to flee their homes and by June 20 had consumed 44 homes.
    (SFC, 6/20/11, p.A6)
2011             Jun 12, In Oakland, CA, about 300 protesters staged a peaceful demonstration near city hall to express their outrage that a white former officer with the San Francisco Bay Area transit police was about to be released from prison. Johannes Mehserle, was convicted of involuntary manslaughter in the shooting death in 2009 of Oscar Grant, an unarmed black passenger. Mehserle only served eleven months of a two-year sentence. Mehserle was released from a Los Angeles jail early the next day.
            (AP, 6/12/11)(SFC, 6/13/11, p.C1)
2011        Jun 12, North Carolina’s Democrat Gov. Beverly Perdue became the state’s first governor to veto a budget bill since the chief executive was given the power in 1997. She said the Republican led Legislature’s $20 billion proposal would do generational damage to public education.
    (SFC, 6/13/11, p.A6)
2011        Jun 12, Carl Gardner (83), the original lead singer of 1950s pop group the Coasters, died in Port St. Lucie, Florida. Among the hits he sang with the Coasters were “Yakety-Yak," “Charlie Brown," and “Poison Ivy."
            (AP, 6/13/11)
2011        Jun 12, Hollywood producer Laura Ziskin (61) lost her battle with breast cancer and died at her home in Santa Monica, Ca. Among the hit movies she produced were the “Spider Man" series, “Pretty Woman," and “Fight Club."
            (LAT, 6/13/11)
2011        Jun 12, Bahrain sentenced Ayat al-Qurmezi to a year in prison on anti-state charges, including inciting hatred. She had recited poems critical of Bahrain’s rulers.
    (SSFC, 6/19/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 12, In the Central African Republic the last major rebel movement active, the Convention of Patriots for Justice and Peace (CPJP), signed a ceasefire with the government that is set to lead to a peace accord.
    (AFP, 6/27/11)
2011        Jun 12, Chile's Puyehue-Cordon Caulle volcano continued to emit a cloud of ash, disrupting flights to Buenos Aires, Argentina and Montevideo, Uruguay. Authorities were also monitoring the volcano for its potential to cause landslides and avalanches.
            (AP, 6/12/11)
2011        Jun 12, China’s state media reported that over 600 people have been sickened by lead poisoning in tinfoil processing workshops in Yangxunqiao, Zhejiang province.
    (SFC, 6/13/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 12, In China riots broke out near the southern city of Guangzhou as hundreds of migrant workers protested what they felt was unfair treatment by Chinese security guards. What started the riot was an incident where guards were said to have pushed a pregnant street hawker to the ground, leading to protests by more than 1,000 migrants.
            (Reuters, 6/12/11)
2011        Jun 12, In Egypt Ilan Grapel, an Israeli legal aid worker, was arrested in Cairo on suspicion of spying. In October Israel’s government announced plans for his release in exchange for 25 Egyptian prisoners. The exchange took place on Oct 27.
    (SFC, 10/25/11, p.A2)(SFC, 10/28/11, p.A4)
2011        Jun 12, Jordan’s King Abdullah II, in response to demonstrations in favor of reform, agreed that he will soon allow the election of Cabinets, rather than maintaining the current policy of appointing the members. 
            (AP, 6/12/11)
2011        Jun 12, In Libya resurgent rebel forces fought to retake the port city of Zawiya, but were repelled by Khadafy’s forces.
    (SFC, 6/13/11, p.A2)
2011             Jun 12, Syrian troops, led by President Assad’s brother and assisted by tanks and helicopters, successful regained control of Jisr al-Shughour, one of the first regions where anti-government protests had shown strength.  
            (AP, 6/12/11)
2011            Jun 12, In Turkey PM Tayyip Erdogan and his AK party won a decisive victory over rivals, as Erdogan was re-elected for the third consecutive time. The AK took nearly 50% of the votes, but failed to secure a two-thirds majority. This will force it to seek support for constitutional changes. The Republican People’s Party, the main opposition won 26%.
            (Reuters, 6/12/11)(SFC, 6/13/11, p.A3)(Econ, 6/18/11, p.16)
2011        Jun 12, In Venezuela a shoot-out erupted between gangs at the Rodeo I unit of the El Rodeo jail complex. 27 people were reportedly killed.
    (Econ, 7/16/11, p.40)

2011        Jun 13, Forty years after their release caused a sensation, the entire collection of the so-called “Pentagon Papers" was made available to the public, both on line and in 47 volumes of hard-copy documents. On June 13, 1971, defense analyst Daniel Ellsberg leaked some of the then-top secret documents to the New York Times, revealing to the American public previously hidden facts about the government’s involvement in Vietnam, including damaging information about mistakes that had been made.
            (NYT, 6/8/11, p. A12)(AP, 6/13/11)
2011        Jun 13, The US Dept. of Justice said Hecla Mining Co. will pay $263 million to settle one of the nation’s largest Superfund lawsuits for releasing mining waste into the environment in Idaho.
    (SFC, 6/14/11, p.A4)
2011        Jun 13, In NYC Zvi Goffer, former Galleon Group LLC hedge fund trader, was convicted on all counts for insider trading. His brother and Michael Kimelman were also found guilty of conspiracy and securities fraud.
    (SFC, 6/14/11, p.D2) 
2011        Jun 13, In southern California an indictment was unsealed charging radiologist Dr. Sim Hoffman, neurologist Dr. Thomas Heric and two staffers in a $17 million workers’ compensation insurance fraud scheme.
    (SFC, 6/13/11, p.C3)
2011        Jun 13, In San Francisco an independent arbitrator ruled that municipal transport operators must work under a contract they overwhelmingly rejected last week.
    (SFC, 6/14/11, p.A1)
2011        Jun 13, The Center for Reproductive Rights filed a lawsuit against a New Texas law, effective Sep 1, requiring doctors to conduct a sonogram and describe a fetus’ features before performing an abortion.
    (www.chron.com/disp/story.mpl/health/7608581.html)
2011        Jun 13, The death of Betty Neumar, a 79 year old grandmother, left authorities with many unanswered questions. Neumar was a suspect in a North Carolina murder: she was accused of soliciting someone to kill her husband. But investigators also discovered that over the years, she had been married five times, and several of her husbands died under suspicious circumstances. Authorities were looking into those other cases, but her death may mean they will never be resolved.  
            (AP, 6/13/11)
2011        Jun 13, The World Justice Project released a report on the status of the rule of law in 66 countries. On access to civil justice America ranked 21.
    (Econ, 6/25/11, p.40)
2011        Jun 13, A conference of international philanthropists, in association with the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunisation, took place in London. Participants, including former Microsoft Chairman Bill Gates, pledged $4.3 billion to purchase vaccines for children in poor countries. The vaccines will help to eradicate such diseases as diphtheria, whooping cough, and measles.
            (Reuters, 6/13/11)
2011        Jun 13, In China severe flooding caused by days of torrential rains has led to 105 deaths. The heavy rains have also resulted in a number of mudslides, with the province of Hunan the hardest hit. 
            (AP, 6/13/11)
2011        Jun 13, Egypt’s military told human rights advocates that at least 7,000 civilians have been sentenced to prison terms by military courts since the ouster of Pres. Hosni Mubarek.
    (SFC, 6/14/11, p.A2)
2011          Jun 13, Speaking in Ethiopia to members of the African Union, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton spoke out against African leaders with despotic regimes, and encouraged democratic reforms in those countries. Mrs. Clinton, the first US Secretary of State to address a session of the African Union, encouraged members to break ties with Libyan strongman Muammar Khaddafi and to support the rebels fighting to overthrow him. She was on a five-day diplomatic trip to three countries.
            (AP, 6/13/11)
2011            Jun 13, At a photo opportunity in Hessen, Germany, a quick-thinking pilot of the Goodyear Blimp saved lives as he lost his own in a fiery crash. Pilot Mike Nerandzic was in the air allowing journalists to take pictures for a road safety campaign when the blimp began to experience problems. Nerandzic flew low enough for journalists in the blimp to escape, but then the blimp burst into flames; the pilot managed to direct it away from onlookers and camera crews before it crashed, killing him.
    (Yahoo News, 6/14/11)(http://tinyurl.com/5vamoyy)
2011        Jun 13, Italian voters turned out in large numbers to defeat laws passed by Premier Berlusconi’s government to revive nuclear energy, privatize the water supply and help him avoid prosecution.
    (SFC, 6/14/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 13, Lebanon PM Najib Mikati announced a new Cabinet dominated by the Hezbollah militant group.
    (SFC, 6/14/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 13, In Libya NATO attack helicopters struck two of Khadafy’s military boats of the coast of Misrata.
    (SFC, 6/15/11, p.A3)
2011        Jun 13, In New Zealand strong aftershocks rattled Christchurch. Thousands of aftershocks have followed the 6.3 quake that killed 181 people on Feb 22.
    (SFC, 6/14/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 13, As the Palestinian Authority prepared for diplomatic talks in Cairo, dissension broke out between the two factions in the government, Hamas and Fatah, over choosing a leader for their unity government. Palestinian Authority president and leader of Fatah Mahmoud Abbas has been unable to persuade Hamas to accept his choice to lead the unity government, Salam Fayyad. While Fayyad, the current prime minister of the PA, is considered a moderate and is acceptable to western countries, Hamas regards him negatively, accusing him of trying to close down Hamas’ institutions and being too co-operative with Israel.    
            (NYT, 6/13/11)
2011        Jun 13, In Papua New Guinea Theo Abal (21), the adopted son of the acting PM Sam Abal, slashed the throat of a 29-year-old hostess he met in a bar. Abal was charged with murder after the body of the waitress was found at the family home.
    (AP, 6/16/11)
2011        Jun 13, Peru’s Pres. Alan Garcia announced his plan to build the world’s tallest statue of Jesus Christ, standing 120 ft. high. Among those to object is the mayor of Lima, Susan Villaran, who noted that such a tall statue would negatively impact the skyline and overshadow other tourist attractions.  
            (AFP, 6/13/11)
2011        Jun 13, Police in Turkey rounded up 32 alleged members of Anonymous, hacker group, which had recently attacked a couple of official websites.
    (Econ, 6/18/11, p.67)
2011        Jun 13, Yemen’s acting president agreed with opposition parties to begin discussions on how to transfer power from Pres. Saleh.
    (SFC, 6/14/11, p.A3)

2011        Jun 14, President Obama became the first president since John F. Kennedy to make an official visit to Puerto Rico. Despite sweltering temperatures, he was greeted enthusiastically by thousands of Puerto Ricans. Obama spent time with Luis Fortuno, the island’s Republican governor, and he gave a speech in which he expressed his appreciation for the culture and heritage of the Puerto Rican people. Regarding the issue of Puerto Rico’s status, Obama said there should be a referendum, and if the voters choose statehood, or choose independence, his administration would respect their decision.     
            (AP, 6/14/11)
2011        Jun 14, Former Utah governor Jon Huntsman, announced that he will be a candidate for the Republican presidential nomination. Huntsman, considered a moderate, served as President Obama’s ambassador to China before resigning a month ago, in preparation for his presidential run.
            (AP, 6/14/11)
2011            Jun 14, At its annual conference in Phoenix, the Southern Baptist Convention, until thirty years ago a nearly all-white organization, elected an African-American pastor, Rev. Fred Luter Jr. of New Orleans, to the position of first vice president. This is the highest position ever held by a black minister, and was seen by members as further proof that the Convention is committed to ethnic diversity. 
            (NYT, 6/15/11)
2011        Jun 14, The Wallow Fire in eastern Arizona has now burned more than 733 square miles, and is about to become the largest wildfire in state history.
            (AP, 6/14/11)
2011         Jun 14, In California US District Judge James Ware has upheld the ruling made by another judge, Vaughn Walker, which overturned a ban on gay marriage. In August 2010, Walker ruled that California’s Proposition 8 discriminated against gay people. Opponents of gay marriage appealed, saying Walker should have recused himself because he is gay and thus unable to be impartial. But Judge Ware rejected the appeal, saying that with such logic, a female judge could not rule on any cases where a woman was seeking legal relief, and a minority judge could not rule on civil rights cases.     
            (LAT, 6/14/11)(Reuters, 6/14/11)
2011        Jun 14, In an effort to help combat childhood obesity, the Los Angeles Unified School District agreed to stop serving flavored milk; neither chocolate nor strawberry milk will be available in school cafeterias after July 1.
            (LAT, 6/15/11)(AP, 6/14/11)
2011        Jun 14, A collection of 121 works of art, including Jackson Pollack’s “Lucky," considered a masterpiece, was donated to Stanford University by philanthropists Harry W. and Mary Margaret Anderson and their daughter Mary Patricia Anderson Pence. The art will be housed in a new facility, to be called the Anderson Gallery. 
            (San Jose, CA Mercury-News, 6/14/11)
2011        Jun 14, In northern California Jerry Wayne Steele (60) shot Cecilia Mortenson (14) and her mother, Ashley Volore (49), after botching an attempt to kidnap them in Crescent City. Steele had molested the girl over a 4-year period. Steele shot and killed himself as police approached. Cecilia was removed from life support on June 17.
    (SFC, 6/21/11, p.C2)
2011        Jun 14, The Wisconsin Supreme Court reinstated Gov. Scott Walker’s plan to all but end collective bargaining for public workers.
    (SFC, 6/15/11, p.A5) 
2011        Jun 14, In Washington DC, Catholic University has decided to put an end to co-ed dormitories. John H. Garvey, president of the college, believes that single-sex dorms will minimize binge drinking and casual sex.
            (Washington Post, 6/14/11) 
2011        Jun 14, The much-delayed stage play “Spider-Man: Turn Off The Dark" finally opened on Broadway. Originally scheduled to open on February 18, 2010, the project endured financial problems, accidents that injured several cast members, and criticism from preview audiences, which led to the firing of the play’s original director, Julie Taymor.
            (AP, 6/15/11)
2011        Jun 14, In Brazil a landless peasant activist was reported killed by a gunshot to his head outside his home in Brazil, the fifth murder in a month likely tied to the conflict over land and logging in the Amazon. The body of Obede Loyla Souza was found over the weekend in the dense forest surrounding his home in the landless settlement of Esperanca.
    (AP, 6/16/11)
2011        Jun 14, Canada Post locked out all its employees, saying more than a week of rotating strikes by unionized letter carriers and other postal workers had cost it too much money.
    (Reuters, 6/15/11)(Econ, 7/2/11, p.30)
2011        Jun 14, In Chile the Puyehue-Cordon Caulle volcano once again was spewing clouds of ash, disrupting a growing number of flights throughout South America. The main airports in both Argentina and Chile remained closed. The cloud of ash threatened to delay next month's start of the Copa America football tournament in Argentina.
    (AP, 6/14/11)
2011        Jun 14, Indian officials signed an agreement with the World Bank to use a $1 billion loan to finance a new effort to cleanup of the Ganges.
    (SFC, 6/15/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 14, The government of India has announced that in July, it will withdraw the last of its attack helicopters from the UN peacekeeping mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo.  The news of the withdrawal caused concern because Indian troops have played a major role in the UN’s ongoing effort to prevent civil strife in Congo from worsening.
            (Washington Post, 6/14/11)
2011        Jun 14, In Iraq PM al-Maliki linked assassinations of security officials to his own government and said a militia of more than 400 men had been set up within the Interior Ministry. At least 8 people were killed after gunmen stormed a local council office in Baquba, Diyala province.
    (SFC, 6/16/11, p.A3)(SFC, 6/15/11, p.A4)
2011        Jun 14, In Libya NATO forces resumed airstrikes on the capital city of Tripoli.  Journalists were not told what specific sites were being targeted, nor how long the bombardments would continue.
            (AP, 6/14/11)
2011        Jun 14, In Mexico charges against a former Tijuana mayor, allegedly caught with 88 guns at his home, were dismissed and a judge refused a request to hold him in a murder investigation. The next day Assistant Attorney General Patricia Bugarin said the judge who freed gambling magnate and former mayor Jorge Hank Rhon acted with "bias and subjectivity" in dismissing the federal charges. Police said 2 dead men have been found hanging by their hands off highway bridges around the city of Monterrey in less than 24 hours.
    (AP, 6/15/11)(SFC, 6/15/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 14, Mongolia opened its first official US consulate in San Francisco.
    (SFC, 6/15/11, p.D1)
2011        Jun 14, Myanmar government troops battled rebel fighters of the Kachin Independence Organization in an effort to force them from a strategic region where China is building major hydropower plants. The fighting has left 20 people dead and forced 2000 to flee.
    (SFC, 6/15/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 14, The UN declared Nepal free of land mines after the last one was destroyed.
    (SFC, 6/15/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 14, Pakistan’s top military spy agency has reportedly arrested 5 Pakistani informants who fed information to the CIA in the months leading up to the raid that led to the death of bin Laden. Army Major Amir Aziz has not been seen since the May 2 raid. He had lived adjacent to bin laden’s compound fro several years. Some 35-40 people were said to have been arrested countrywide on suspicion of working for the CIA on the Abbottabad operation.
    (SFC, 6/15/11, p.A2)(SFC, 6/16/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 14, In Yemen hundreds of thousands protested in several major cities calling for the creation of a transitional presidential council and demanding that Pres. Saleh and his relatives face trial.
    (SFC, 6/15/11, p.A4)

2011        Jun 15, The White House said the United States has spent more than $715 million for military and humanitarian operations in Libya since unrest began in the north African country earlier this year.
    (AFP, 6/16/11)
2011        Jun 15, In Washington DC 10 members of the House of Representatives, conservative Republicans and liberal Democrats, filed suit challenging Pres. Obama’s right to wage war in Libya.
    (SFC, 6/16/11, p.A8)
2011         Jun 15, A jury convicted Salvatore (Sal) DiMasi, former speaker of the Massachusetts House of Representatives, of corruption, finding that he used his office help a software company to gain lucrative state contracts in exchange for kickbacks.  He was found guilty of seven of the nine charges against him, including extortion and conspiracy to defraud citizens of his honest services.
            (Boston Globe, 6/15/11)
2011             Jun 15, Arizona Congresswoman Gabrielle Giffords was released from the rehabilitation hospital in Houston where she has been recovering from a gunshot wound to the head. While doctors have described her recovery thus far as miraculous, she still struggled with verbal communication, and how fully she will recover remains uncertain.
            (Houston Chronicle, 6/15/11)(AP, 6/15/11)
2011        Jun 15, In Arizona a grand jury indicted Donald Lapre, a Phoenix-based TV pitchman, accused of running a nationwide scheme to sell essentially worthless Internet-based businesses to more than 200,000 people. Victims were defrauded of nearly $52 million.
    (AP, 6/16/11)
2011        Jun 15, California’s Democrat-controlled legislature passed a budget, but it was vetoed the next day by Gov. Brown due to questionable maneuvers.
    (Econ, 6/25/11, p.38)
2011        Jun 15, Citigroup admitted that its original estimate of the number of people affected by a cyber-attack was low. Rather than about 200,000, hackers gained access to the account information of over 360,000 customers.
            (Reuters, 6/15/11)
2011             Jun 15, In another hacker attack, a group known as Lulz Security (LulzSec) was able to take down the public website of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). The group announced the attack at 6pm by sending out a message on Twitter. Service was restored on the CIA site later in the evening, and sources at the agency said no sensitive files were breached.
            (Reuters, 6/15/11)
2011        Jun 15, Pandora Media made its Wall Street debut closing at $17.42, up 8.87% over its $16 IPO.
    (SFC, 4/30/11, p.D1)
2011        Jun 15, A team of int’l. astronomers reported the finding of the oldest black holes ever observed. Their observations put the black holes 13 billion light years from Earth, meaning that they were being observed just as they looked 1 billion years after the formation of the universe.
    (SFC, 6/16/11, p.A6)
2011        Jun 15, In Afghanistan an insurgent shell struck a new $106-million police training center during inauguration ceremonies in Wardak province.
    (SFC, 6/16/11, p.A2)
2011              Jun 15, In London, police arrested two men on suspicion of trying to kidnap and murder soul singer Joss Stone. Suspects Junior Bradshaw and Kevin Liverpool, were arrested near Stone’s country home; they were said to be in possession of swords, rope, and a body bag.     
            (AFP, 6/15/11)
2011        Jun 15, In Vancouver, Canada, the Boston Bruins shocked the favored Vancouver Canucks, winning game seven of the Stanley Cup championship finals 4-0, to take the series 4 games to 3. The Bruins won the Stanley Cup for the first time in 39 years; goaltender Tim Thomas was awarded the Conn Smythe trophy as the Most Valuable Player in the playoffs. Riot police fired tear gas to control a mob that burned cars and looted shops in downtown Vancouver after the Canucks lost the Stanley Cup final to the Boston Bruins.
    (Boston Globe, 6/15/11)(Reuters, 6/16/11)
2011        Jun 15, In China the “The Beginning of the Great Revival," a celebration of the founding of China’s Communist Party, opened at every Cineplex in the country. It was produced by the for profit China Film Group.
    (Econ, 7/16/11, p.72)
2011        Jun 15, The Czech Rep. said it is withdrawing from US missile defense plans out of frustration at its diminished role.
    (SFC, 6/16/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 15, In Greece mass protests against the prime minister’s proposed austerity measures turned violent, as tens of thousands of angry demonstrators, who had gathered outside the parliament building, clashed with police. Responding to the rising tensions PM Papandreou said he would resign and permit a new unity government to be formed.
            (Reuters, 6/15/11)(SFC, 6/16/11, p.A3)
2011        Jun 15, Iran launched a satellite into earth orbit, in a feat that is likely to raise concerns among those who fear Iran's intentions and nuclear development program.
    (AP, 6/15/11)
2011        Jun 15, Mexican police found the dismembered bodies of two bodyguards who worked for the governor of Nuevo Leon state, the site of a violent turf war between drug cartels. Marco Antonio Guzman (34), who had several aliases including "El Brad Pitt," was captured in the US border state of Chihuahua along with two alleged accomplices. Police said Guzman was involved in the June 15, 2010 car bomb explosion that killed a federal police officer and two civilians. The northern state of Nuevo Leon, home to the industrial city of Monterrey, saw 33 killings, in the most violent day in recent history.
    (AP, 6/15/11)(AP, 6/16/11)(AFP, 6/17/11)
2011            Jun 15, Three Mexican journalists, who fled Mexico because their lives were in danger, asked the United States government to speed up their pleas for asylum. Ernesto Gutierrez, a print journalist; Ricardo Chavez Aldana, a radio journalist; and Alejandro Hernandez Pacheco, a TV cameraman, were involved in coverage of criminal activities of drug traffickers; each received death threats from members of drug cartels.
            (AP, 6/15/11)
2011        Jun 15, Mexican soldiers raided 3 interconnected warehouses in Queretaro state. They thought they had found 1,462 50-gallon drums filled with various methamphetamine precursors. When experts examined the stash, they found 3.4 tons (3.1 metric tons) of pure meth.
    (AP, 8/27/11)
2011        Jun 15, In Nigeria a man claiming to be a Boko Haram spokesman warned that the group would launch more attacks after being angered by comments from the national police chief. A day earlier Inspector General of Police Hafiz Ringim said during a visit to the northeastern city of Maiduguri that "the days of Boko Haram are numbered."
    (AP, 6/16/11)
2011        Jun 15, In Puerto Rico Doral Bank executive Maurice J. Spagnoletti was shot to death on a busy highway in San Juan. The 56-year-old father previously held bank executive posts in South Carolina, Indiana and Pennsylvania. An investigator said the slaying could be linked to an audit Spagnoletti was conducting at the bank.
    (AP, 6/17/11)
2011        Jun 15, Terrified Syrians ran for their lives as elite army units swept through a restive northern province.
    (SFC, 6/16/11, p.A2)
2011              Jun 15, Turkey’s president Tayyip Erdogan held talks with an envoy of Syrian president Bashar al-Assad as a growing number of Syrians fled their country seeking safety in refugee camps. Relations between Turkey and Syria strained, as Turkey wants Syria to stop its brutal crackdown on protesters.
            (Reuters, 6/15/11)
2011        Jun 15, Venezuela's energy minister said his country will soon begin rationing electricity in several regions because of recurring power outages.
    (AP, 6/16/11)
2011        Jun 15, In Yemen up to 200 militants from the Al-Qaida linked group Ansar al-Shariah launched a surprise attack on Houta killing one soldier and wounding 3. They pulled out of the city in the afternoon and took positions on the southern outskirts.
    (SFC, 6/15/11, p.A2)  

2011         Jun 16, Embroiled in a “sexting" scandal, and under pressure from his colleagues, including Democratic Leader Nancy Pelosi and President Obama, New York Congressman Anthony Weiner is said to be ready to announce he will resign from congress.     
            (Washington Post, 6/16/11)
2011        Jun 16, In SF Deshon Marman (20), a college football player, was arrested and thrown off a US Airways jet in a dispute over his sagging pants. Marmon was in the city attending the funeral of his best friend, David Henderson, who was fatally wounded last month.
    (SFC, 6/18/11, p.C4)
2011        Jun 16, Moshe Gerstein (35), a NYC attorney, died in Mexico city. Two days earlier he was charged along with at least two dozen others in a child-pornography sweep. Manhattan prosecutors had accused Gerstein of being a part of a child-pornography ring that shared images of children being raped and sexually abused. Gerstein was first arrested on May 10 and was freed on $5,000 bail.
    (Reuters, 6/23/11)
2011        Jun 16, The Int’l. Labor Organization (ILO) adopted a new treaty, the Convention Concerning Decent Work for Domestic Workers. It remained for individual government to ratify.
    (Econ, 6/25/11, p.73)
2011        Jun 16, Capital One Financial agreed to pay $9 billion in cash and stock for ING Direct USA, the US subsidiary of ING Group, a Dutch banking and insurance giant.
    (SFC, 12/29/11, p.D6)(http://tinyurl.com/3v6mthz)
2011        Jun 16, Austrian police said they have arrested four men suspected of involvement in a terrorist organization that is committed to founding a "religious fundamentalist society" in Afghanistan and responsible for attacks there.
    (AP, 6/16/11)
2011        Jun 16, In Chile some 80,000 students, teachers and sympathizers demanded more money for state education.
    (Econ, 6/25/11, p.48)
2011        Jun 16, In Brazil police said Jose Rainha (50), a longtime leader of the MST, a landless rural workers movement, was arrested in rural Sao Paulo state after a 10-month investigation.
    (AP, 6/16/11)
2011        Jun 16, The British government set out legislation to return the task of overseeing banks to the Bank of England.
    (Econ, 6/25/11, p.69)
2011        Jun 16, An Islamist website said veteran militant Ayman al-Zawahri has taken command of al Qaeda after the killing of Osama bin Laden, a move widely expected following his long years as second-in-command.
    (AP, 6/16/11)
2011        Jun 16, In France a 7th child was hospitalized with an E. coli infection after eating meat that manufacturers said could come from Germany, where an outbreak of the bacteria has killed 37 people.
    (AFP, 6/16/11)
2011        Jun 16, Indian budget airline GoAir said it had placed a $7.2-billion order for 72 new Airbus aircraft as local carriers continue an aircraft shopping spree to meet booming demand on the subcontinent.
    (AFP, 6/16/11)
2011        Jun 16, Indonesian Muslim cleric Abu Bakar Bashir (72), known as spiritual leader of the militants who carried out the deadly 2002 Bali bombings, was sentenced to 15 years in prison for his support of a terror training camp uncovered last year. On Oct 20 an appeals court reduced the sentence to 9 years.
    (AP, 6/16/11)(AP, 10/26/11)
2011        Jun 16, An Iraqi court sentenced 15 alleged al-Qaida members to death for their role in the 2006 wedding party massacre of 70 people, considered one of the most horrific attacks carried out by Sunni-led militants during the insurgency.
    (AP, 6/16/11)
2011        Jun 16, In Libya NATO airstrikes pounded the area near Moammar Gadhafi's compound. Kadhafi's regime told visiting Russian envoy Mikhail Margelov that the embattled Libyan leader is "not ready" to go, despite growing calls for him to quit and a months-long uprising. Muammar Gaddafi’s son said his father is willing to hold elections and step aside if he lost, an offer unlikely to placate his opponents but which could test the unity of the Western alliance trying to force him out. A NATO air strike took place near Ajdabiyah, eastern Libya, and six rebel pickup trucks fitted with anti-aircraft guns were destroyed and 16 rebel fighters injured.
    (AP, 6/16/11)(AFP, 6/16/11)(Reuters, 6/16/11)(Reuters, 6/18/11)
2011        Jun 16, Malaysia opened an investigation into allegations that two immigration officers forced a pair of Singaporean women to do squats naked. The officers were suspended.
    (AFP, 6/17/11)
2011        Jun 16, In Mexico PEMEX director said increasingly sophisticated thieves have stolen about 20,000 barrels per day of oil products from the state-owned oil company in the first four months of 2011, thefts worth about $250 million.
    (AP, 6/16/11)
2011        Jun 16, In northern Myanmar more than 10,000 people were reported to have fled fighting between government troops and the Kachin ethnic minority group's militia. They were living in temporary camps near the Chinese border as refugees.
    (AP, 6/16/11)
2011        Jun 16, In Nigeria a suicide bombing blamed on radical Islamist militants killed a policeman in the parking lot of police headquarters in Abuja. The next day the Boko Haram sect said it was behind the attack. Security experts said it was the first suicide bombing in Nigeria.
    (AP, 6/16/11)(AFP, 6/17/11)
2011        Jun 16, North Korea demanded the immediate return of nine citizens who defected by sea and warned Seoul ties between the nations could worsen otherwise.
    (AP, 6/16/11)
2011        Jun 16, More than 200 militants crossed into Pakistan from Afghanistan and attacked a border village with rockets, mortars and machine guns, killing five people and kidnapping more than 20. A bomb attack in southern Afghanistan killed a NATO coalition service member.
    (AP, 6/16/11)(AP, 6/17/11)
2011        Jun 16, Palestinian foreign minister Riyad al-Malki urged Spain and the rest of the EU to recognize a Palestinian state with borders from before the 1967 Six Day War.
    (AFP, 6/16/11)
2011        Jun 16, In the Philippines a Protestant church group sued former Philippine President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo, claiming security forces under her control killed and tortured at least six of its members.
    (AP, 6/16/11)
2011        Jun 16, Spain’s National Police arrested Hussein Salem, an Egyptian associate of ousted president Hosni Mubarak, in Mallorca. Police the next day said he had obtained money illegally in Egypt and sent it to accounts in Spain held by his family. Spain froze euro33 million ($47 million) in accounts held by Salem, who is also wanted back home.
    (AP, 6/17/11)
2011        Jun 16, The Sudanese army said it will continue to fight by all available means to stop the rebellion in South Kordofan, as concern grew over the humanitarian impact of the conflict. Aid workers and a UN report said fighting has erupted along a new front near the internal border between north and south Sudan with dozens of people reported killed.
    (AFP, 6/16/11)(AP, 6/16/11)
2011        Jun 16,  Swedish arms-maker Saab said that it had unwittingly paid over $3 million to a South African ANC defense consultant. Saab said payments had been made in 2003 through the British arms producer, BAE Systems.
    (Econ, 7/23/11, p.43)(www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-13813281)

2011        Jun 17, A 90-day deadline passed on the American government, under the 1973 War Powers Resolution, for asking permission from Congress for continuing hostilities against Libya. Pres. Obama held that America’s supporting role no longer amounts to hostilities.
    (Econ, 6/25/11, p.44)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_Powers_Resolution)
2011        Jun 17, In Arizona firefighters continued to battle the Wallow Fire, which thus far has consumed 773 square miles, the largest in state history. Containment was at 33%.
    (SFC, 6/18/11, p.A5)
2011        Jun 17, In California government and corporate leaders broke ground on the $4 billion Blythe Solar Power Project in Riverside County, developed by Solar Millennium, a German firm.
    (SFC, 6/18/11, p.A8)
2011        Jun 17, In Connecticut former prep school dean Robert Reihhardt (46) was sentenced to 9½  years in prison for sexually abusing 4 students at The Gunnery.
    (SFC, 6/18/11, p.A5)
2011        Jun 17, It was reported that scientists at Wake Forest have designed a brain implant that restores lost memory function and strengthens recall of new information in laboratory rats.
    (SFC, 6/17/11, p.A17)
2011        Jun 17, In Bahrain thousands of Shiites rallied outside Manama in the second mass demonstration organized by Al-Wefaq opposition group since a mid-March crackdown on pro-democracy protests.
    (AFP, 6/17/11)
2011        Jun 17, Air Canada Inc and striking customer service workers reached a tentative contract agreement, settling on a compromise on the biggest obstacle to a deal: the issue of pension benefits and who should pay for them.
    (Reuters, 6/16/11)
2011        Jun 17, In Finland 6 parties across the political spectrum united to form a government, saving Finland from the embarrassment of having no prime minister at a key European Union summit next week.
    (AP, 6/17/11)
2011        Jun 17, Greek PM George Papandreou met the demands of his restive party by replacing his finance minister in a broad cabinet reshuffle that won strong support from markets, optimistic that crucial austerity measures will now be passed. Germany softened its position on giving Greece more help by agreeing with France that private investors would be involved only on a voluntary basis.
    (AP, 6/17/11)
2011        Jun 17, Guatemalan police arrested retired Gen. Hector Mario Lopez (81), a former military chief of staff in the mass killing of government opponents during the country's 36-year civil war. He was the highest-ranking official yet detained for massacres in the 1980s. Lopez was allegedly involved in about 200 massacres committed while he was chief of staff of the Guatemalan military between 1982 and 1983.
    (AP, 6/17/11)
2011        Jun 17, In Iraq hundreds rallied in Baghdad's Tahrir Square in dueling pro- and anti-government demonstrations.
    (AP, 6/17/11)
2011        Jun 17, In Israel an explosion in a residential building in Netanya killed 3 people. The blast appeared to be due to a gas cylinder used for cooking fuel.
    (SFC, 6/17/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 17, The Ynet website reported that a Jerusalem rabbinical court has condemned to death by stoning a dog it suspects is the reincarnation of a secular lawyer who insulted the court's judges 20 years ago.
    (AFP, 6/17/11)
2011        Jun 17, Italy signed an agreement with Libyan rebels meant to stem a stream of migrants fleeing unrest, prompting concerns at the UN refugee agency that people seeking asylum won't have proper protection.
    (AP, 6/17/11)
2011        Jun 17, Libyan rebels and pro-Gaddafi forces exchanged heavy artillery fire near the western city of Zlitan as the rebels tried to push deeper into government-held territory east of the capital. NATO warplanes dashed into the Libyan capital Tripoli, pounding a target in the south of the city and sending a thick cloud of black smoke rising high into the air.
    (AP, 6/17/11)
2011        Jun 17, In Mexico a gunbattle between soldiers and suspected cartel gunmen left two suspects dead in the northern border city of Matamoros. The government of Veracruz state said five suspects died there following a shootout with state police and soldiers. 11 people were killed in the state of Veracruz when criminals attacked police and soldiers at a military checkpoint on a highway between the state capital of Xalapa and the port city of Veracruz.
    (AP, 6/18/11)
2011        Jun 17, Mexican customs inspectors say they've found more than $2.4 million in cash rolled up and stuffed into spools of telephone cable headed for Venezuela. Authorities say Venezuela is increasingly becoming a trans-shipment point for cocaine, and Mexican cartels often ship money back to South America to pay for the drugs.
    (AP, 6/17/11)
2011        Jun 17, Morocco's King Mohammed VI announced a series of constitutional reforms in a speech that he said will turn the North African country into a constitutional monarchy, though pro-democracy activists remain skeptical.
    (AFP, 6/17/11)
2011        Jun 17, A rocket fired during fighting in Pakistan's tribal region landed in eastern Afghanistan, killing four children in an area where militants launch attacks on US-led forces.
    (AP, 6/17/11)
2011        Jun 17, Several Saudi women boldly got behind the wheel, including one who managed a 45-minute trip through the nation's capital, seeking to ignite a road rebellion against the male-only driving rules in the ultraconservative kingdom.
    (AP, 6/17/11)
2011        Jun 17, Spain’s attorney general said prosecutors are investigating 849 cases of newborn children stolen from their mothers and sold to other families for profit.
    (AP, 6/17/11)
2011        Jun 17, The army of north Sudan shelled a town just south of the flashpoint Abyei border region, with tensions rising along the frontier just weeks before southern independence. Satellite images showed northern Sudanese military vehicles including heavy transports and artillery massing in the capital of the conflict-stricken Southern Kordofan state.
    (AFP, 6/17/11)(Reuters, 6/19/11)
2011        Jun 17, Syrian security forces killed 19 people, including a 16-year-old boy, during anti-government protests. Thousands of people poured into the streets throughout Syria after prayers calling for the downfall of President Bashar Assad's regime. Security forces opened fire on protesters in the western coastal city of Banias.
    (AP, 6/17/11)(AFP, 6/17/11)(AP, 6/18/11)
2011        Jun 17, The United Nations issued its first condemnation of discrimination against gays, lesbians and transgender people in a cautiously worded declaration hailed by supporters including the United States as a historic moment.
    (AP, 6/17/11)
2011        Jun 17, The UN Security Council approved 2 resolutions to unlink Al-Qaida and the Taliban and recognize their different agendas.
    (SFC, 6/18/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 17, In Venezuela thousands of National Guard troops stormed the El Rodeo I prison seeking to disarm inmates days after a bloody riot, setting off gunfights with resisting inmates that left at least two soldiers dead and 18 wounded.
    (AP, 6/17/11)
2011        Jun 17, The Virgin Islands government said it has transferred 66 male inmates to the US mainland to improve security at a prison that federal officials have said is out of control. Gov. John de Jongh said the transfer of inmates from the Golden Grove prison on the island of St. Croix to prisons in Virginia and Florida was planned months before the federal government requested to take over the prison.
    (AP, 6/18/11)

2011        Jul 18, Borders bookstore chain, the 2nd largest in the US, announced that it was going into liquidation. It once had over 600 stores and 399 were left following Chapter 11 in February.
    (SFC, 7/19/11, p.D1)
2011        Jun 18, In Alabama Heather Carroll gave birth to 5 girls and one boy at Brookwood Medical Center in Birmingham.
    (SFC, 6/20/11, p.A5)
2011        Jun 18, In Portland, Oregon, thousands of naked bicyclists gathered near the city's waterfront for a clothing-free night ride. Since the World Naked Bike Ride started in 2004, only four other cities -- San Francisco, Seattle, and Boulder and Black Rock City in Colorado -- have celebrated it every year.
    (Reuters, 6/19/11)
2011        Jun 18, A Cessna 210 crashed down near the Westchester County Airport, NY. The victims were identified as Keith Weiner, the 63-year-old pilot; his wife, Lisa Weiner (51), their daughter Isabel (14) and her friend, Lucy Walsh (14).
    (AP, 6/20/11)
2011        Jun 18, A five-hour computer outage virtually shut down United Airlines Friday night and early Saturday, a stark reminder of how dependent airlines have become on technology.
    (AP, 6/18/11)
2011        Jun 18, The death toll from the May 22 tornado in Joplin, Missouri, rose to 154 with the passing of an injured man.
    (SSFC, 6/19/11, p.A8)
2011        Jun 18, In Warrington, Pa., Christopher Moyer killed his wife, Irina (39), and their son (7) and then committed suicide on a set of train tracks. Financial problems were suspected.
    (SSFC, 6/19/11, p.A8)
2011        Jun 18, Clarence Clemons (69), the larger-than-life saxophone player for the E Street Band, died following a stroke at his home in Singer Island, Fla. He was one of the key influences in Bruce Springsteen's life and music through four decades.
    (AP, 6/19/11)
2011        Jun 18, Yelena Bonner (b.1923), Russian rights activist and widow of Nobel Peace Prize winner Andrei Sakharov, died in Boston.
    (SFC, 6/20/11, p.C3)
2011        Jun 18, In Afghanistan insurgents targeted a police station in a suicide attack in Kabul, killing nine people, including five civilians, before they were eventually gunned down. 8 NATO service members were killed. Four died in fighting in the south and east, while another four died in a vehicle accident in the south.
    (AP, 6/19/11)
2011        Jun 18, Brazilian demonstrators held marches on the weekend calling for marijuana to be legalized after the country's top court ruled the gatherings could go ahead in the name of freedom of speech.
    (AFP, 6/20/11)
2011        Jun 18, In Bulgaria nearly 1,000 marchers joined the fourth gay pride rally in Sofia. Gay pride rallies were also held in Croatia and Hungary. Hundreds of police were on duty to protect the marchers following calls by extremist groups to stop the demonstrations.
    (AP, 6/18/11)
2011        Jun 18, China’s official media said floods and lightning killed at least eight people as heavy rains pounded southern China, destroying homes and blocking roads.
    (AP, 6/18/11)
2011        Jul 18, Former Croatian PM Ivo Sanader was extradited home from Austria to face charges of corruption.
    (SFC, 7/19/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 18, In Greece several thousand pro-Communist union members marched through Athens to protests the government’s austerity measures.
    (SSFC, 6/19/11, p.A5)
2011        Jun 18, Iran's hardline press watchdog allowed the reformist Etemad newspaper to return to the newsstands after a 15-month ban on the leading daily. A convicted rapist was hanged in the southern city of Shahrekord.
    (AFP, 6/18/11)
2011        Jun 18, Japan’s Tokyo Electric Power Co. halted an operation to clean highly contaminated waste water at the crippled Fukushima Daiichi facility due to higher-than-expected radiation levels.
    (AFP, 6/18/11)
2011        Jun 18, Libya's rebel oil chief accused the West of failing to keep up its promises to deliver urgent financial aid, saying his authority had now run out of cash completely after months of fighting. Fighting between forces loyal to Libya's Muammar Gaddafi and rebels trying to close in on his territory killed at least eight rebels near the northwestern city of Nalut.
    (Reuters, 6/18/11)
2011        Jun 18, Mexican authorities said the bodies of nine victims of suspected drug violence have turned up in the western state of Michoacan. A group calling itself the Knights Templar left messages claiming responsibility for the killings.
    (AP, 6/18/11)
2011        Jun 18, Mexican authorities said the bodies of nine victims of suspected drug violence have turned up in the western state of Michoacan. A group calling itself the Knights Templar left messages claiming responsibility for the killings. Gunmen stormed a bar in Monterrey and "executed three people," wounded another, and kidnapped a security guard at the bar who was later found dead.
    (AP, 6/18/11)(AFP, 6/19/11)
2011        Jun 18, Morocco's youth-based February 20 Movement rejected constitutional reforms proposed by King Mohammed VI, calling for nationwide protests.
    (AFP, 6/18/11)
2011        Jun 18, Nigerian police uncovered 20 corpses hidden in a tunnel in the southeastern town of Onitsha, and suspect they were victims of armed robbers.
    (Reuters, 6/19/11)
2011        Jun 18, In Pakistan a roadside bomb targeting security forces killed a passer-by in the country's southwest. 4 security officers and 4 civilians were also wounded in the attack in the town of Panjgore. Pakistan’s army launched an air and ground assault against a militant stronghold in Mohmand tribal agency and killed 25, while the rest fled across the border into eastern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 6/18/11)(Reuters, 6/19/11)
2011        Jun 18, In Pakistan men wearing police uniforms beat Waqar Kiani (32), a Pakistani journalist working for the British Guardian newspaper, five days after he published an account of abduction and torture by suspected Pakistani intelligence agents. On June 16 the Guardian revealed that Kiani was abducted from Islamabad in July 2008, blindfolded and taken to a safe house where interrogators beat him and burned him with cigarettes. They released him 15 hours later and warned him they would rape his wife if he told anyone.
    (AP, 6/20/11)
2011        Jun 18, In Pakistan Sohana Jawed (9) was kidnapped near her home in Peshawar and forced to wear a suicide vest. She escaped at a checkpoint outside TimerGarah.
    (SFC, 6/21/11, p.A3)
2011        Jun 18, Saudi Arabia beheaded Ruyati binti Satubi (54), an Indonesian grandmother, for killing an allegedly abusive Saudi employer. In response Indonesia later enacted a moratorium on labor exports to Saudi Arabia effective August 1.
    (SFC, 8/10/11, p.A3)(http://tinyurl.com/3wvhbpm)
2011        Jun 18, A Somali court sentenced 3 British nationals, an American and 2 Kenyans to at least 10 years in prison each for bringing millions of dollars intended for pirate ransom into the country. Discussions were underway to overturn the sentences.
    (SSFC, 6/19/11, p.A4)
2011        Jun 18, Syrian troops backed by tanks and firing heavy machine guns swept into a village near the Turkish border, the latest in a series of intensified army operations in the northwest where there have been heavy clashes between loyalist troops and defectors. The number of Syrians who have taken refuge in Turkey to escape bloody unrest in their country increased to about 10,100. At least 19 unarmed people were killed in the day’s violence.
    (AP, 6/18/11)(AFP, 6/18/11)(SFC, 6/18/11, p.A3)
2011        Jun 18, In Venezuela gunfire rang out at the El Rodeo I prison for a 2nd day as troops sought to regain control in battles that have left at least 3 dead and 18 wounded.
    (AP, 6/18/11)
2011        Jun 18, In  Zambia Frederick Chiluba (68), a former president (1991-2001), died.
    (AP, 6/27/11)

2011        Jun 19, "The Bold and the Beautiful" won four trophies, including drama series honors for the third consecutive year, at the Daytime Emmys, which will have two fewer soap operas to celebrate next year.
    (AP, 6/20/11)
2011        Jun 19, Alyssa Campanella (21) of Los Angeles topped a field of 51 beauty queens to take the title at the Planet Hollywood Resort & Casino on the Las Vegas Strip.
    (AP, 6/20/11)(http://tinyurl.com/3jwxkkx)
2011        Jun 19, In New York David Laffer killed 4 people during a pharmacy robbery in Medford. In September he pleaded guilty to murder charges and his wife, who drove their getaway car, pleaded guilty to robbery.
    (SFC, 6/20/11, p.A5)(SFC, 9/9/11, p.A15)
2011        Jun 19, In Ohio a small plane crashed near Columbus killing 2 people.
    (SFC, 6/20/11, p.A5)
2011        Jun 19, In northern Afghanistan a suicide attacker blew up his explosives-laden car next to a German military convoy, killing three Afghan civilians. An Afghan soldier who shot dead his Australian mentor last month was killed when he tried to pull his pistol on troops attempting to capture him in Khost province.
    (AP, 6/19/11)(AP, 6/20/11)
2011        Jun 19, In Bahrain lawyers for three former editors of the main opposition newspaper told a court the journalists were tricked into publishing false news about the Sunni monarchy's crackdown on Shiite-led protesters as part of a plot to undermine a key opposition voice.
    (AP, 6/19/11)
2011        Jun 19, Brazilian police raided Rio’s Mangueira shantytown, dominated by drug trafficking gangs, in an ongoing program to bring peace to areas near Maracana stadium ahead of the 2014 World Cup and the 2016 Olympics.
    (AP, 6/19/11)
2011        Jun 19, China’s state media reported that more than 5 million people have been displaced or otherwise affected by flooding in eastern China that is also pushing up food prices. Rescuers searched for 11 workers who were buried when an office building they were renovating in Wuxi city, Jiangsu province, collapsed on top of them.
    (AP, 6/19/11)
2011        Jun 19, Chinese public relations consultant Chen Hong closed down his website which let people post anonymous tips on official bribery after censors stepped in blocking access to the site for people inside China. His website, http://www.ibribery.com, had drawn 200,000 unique visitors in two weeks.
    (AP, 6/22/11)
2011        Jun 19, European aerospace giant EADS unveiled its "Zero Emission Hypersonic Transportation" (Zehst) rocket plane it hopes will be able to fly from Paris to Tokyo in 2.5 hours by around 2050.
    (AFP, 6/19/11)
2011        Jun 19, In Fiji Agape Ministries leader Rocco Leo, a fugitive Australian cult leader, was picked up by officials, along with two associates, for alleged visa breaches. On May 20, 2010, Australian police raided 12 properties associated with Agape and netted 15 guns, slow-burning fuses, detonators, extendable batons and 35,000 rounds of ammunition.
    (www.religionnewsblog.com/26049/cult-leader-rocco-leo-arrested)(AFP, 6/27/11)
2011        Jun 19, An Indian general led a delegation to Beijing as the two countries moved to resume exchanges between their militaries after a yearlong freeze.
    (AP, 6/19/11)
2011        Jun 19, Japanese game maker Sega said hackers have stolen the personal data of some 1.29 million customers of the, in a theft via a website of its European unit.
    (AP, 6/19/11)
2011        Jun 19, In Israel the Jerusalem municipality approved the expansion of 2,000 homes in the settlement district of Ramat Shlomo, allowing each Israeli home to add an additional room.
    (AFP, 6/19/11)
2011        Jun 19, The Libyan government accused NATO of bombing a residential neighborhood in the capital and killing civilians, adding to its charges that the alliance is striking nonmilitary targets. 9 people, including two children, were reported killed. NATO admitted it carried out an air strike that killed civilians in Tripoli.
    (AP, 6/19/11)(Reuters, 6/20/11)
2011        Jun 19, Liechtenstein 69% of voters backed a new law giving gay and lesbian couples the right to formally register their partnerships.
    (SFC, 6/20/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 19, In Mexico four people, 18-25 years old, were killed in Guadalupe, a city adjacent to Monterrey. The bodies of 14 people were found in Michoacan state.
    (AP, 6/20/11)
2011        Jun 19, In Morocco several thousand rallied in Casablanca to answer a call from the youth-based February 20 Movement that has rejected constitutional reforms proposed by King Mohammed VI. Pro-government demonstrators attacked democracy activists protesting constitutional reforms recently unveiled by the king.
    (AFP, 6/19/11)(AP, 6/19/11)
2011        Jun 19, In northwest Pakistan at least 50 militants attacked a paramilitary checkpoint near the Afghan border, triggering intense fighting that killed four soldiers. A local government official put the number of militants dead at eight.
    (AP, 6/19/11)
2011        Jun 19, In Pakistan Muhammad Riaz chopped off his wife’s nose before turning himself over to the Khanpur police. Riaz, a resident of Choee village, said he believed his wife, Ansar Bibi (22), was having an affair. Bibi denied the allegation saying he did it because she is infertile. Police later arrested the alleged boyfriend, Ashiq Hussain, from Riaz’s house and registered separate cases against both men.
    (www.muslimwomennews.com/)(SSFC, 6/26/11, p.A4)
2011        Jun 19, In Papua New Guinea an attacker fired 2 arrows hitting Matt Scheurich as the 28-year-old New Zealander relaxed on a river bank while his girlfriend, a French doctoral student studying tribal life, swam in the river. The attacker also threw rocks at Scheurich's head and then attempted to sexually assault the French woman. The couple were air lifted out and treated at Kiunga Hospital and then in Cairns, Australia.
    (AP, 7/5/11)
2011        Jun 19, Somalia's PM Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed said that he would resign, reversing a pledge he made last week that he would not step down after Somalis took to the streets in support of the Somali-American politician. President Sheik Sharif Sheik Ahmed named Abdiwali Mohamed Ali as a caretaker of the prime minister's position until a new prime minister is appointed.
    (AP, 6/19/11)
2011        Jun 19, Spanish protesters of all stripes marched in Madrid to drive home their anger over high unemployment, bleak economic prospects and politicians they see as inept.
    (AP, 6/19/11)
2011        Jun 19, Syrian troops tightened their grip on a restive area near the Turkish border, setting fire to homes and a bakery that was supplying bread to thousands of displaced people. The Turkish government began providing food for the first time to Syrians across the border who had fled the army campaign.
    (AP, 6/19/11)
2011        Jun 19, In Venezuela fire ripped through the El Rodeo I prison where thousands of troops struggled to put down a revolt by inmates as dozens of horrified relatives tried to watch the fighting.
    (AP, 6/19/11)
2011        Jun 19, In Yemen military and medical officials said government artillery shelling of an area on the Dufas area in Zinjibar, Abyan province, has killed 12 al-Qaida-linked militants and wounded three others.
    (AP, 6/19/11)

2011        Jun 20, A US federal judge agreed to a $3.4 billion settlement over mismanaged Indian royalties. The 15-year suit represents the largest ever approved against the US government. This followed a long campaign led by Elouise Cobell (d.2011) of Browning, Mo. Cash payment began to go out in Sep 2014.
    (SFC, 6/21/11, p.A4)(SFC, 9/19/14, p.D3)
2011        Jun 20, The US Supreme Court denied a sex discrimination suit on behalf of over 1 million Wal-Mart employees saying they failed to pinpoint any company policy that denied them equal pay of promotions.
    (SFC, 6/21/11, p.A1)
2011        Jun 20, Texas Gov. Rick Perry signed into law a measure, effective Sep 1, that gives the state’s teachers more access to criminal information about their students. It was prompted by the 2009 fatal stabbing of a teacher in Tyler, Texas, by a 16-year-old who had been released from the Texas Youth Commission.
    (http://tylerpaper.com/article/20110621/NEWS01/110629970)
2011        Jun 20, Wyoming became the first state to begin using a suite of cloud computing tools from Google for its entire executive branch of government, allowing data and applications to be stored on remote servers and accessed over the Internet. The system was formally unveiled on June 22 as Gov. Matt Mead cut a red data cable with scissors.
    (AP, 6/22/11)
2011        Jun 20, US comedy stunt television show "Jackass" lost one of its stars when Ryan Dunn (34), known for his death-defying and often car-related pranks, died in a car accident.
    (AFP, 6/20/11)
2011        Jun 20, Google and the British Library announced an agreement that will let Internet users read, search, download and copy thousands of texts published between 1700 and 1870.
    (AP, 6/20/11)
2011        Jun 20, ICANN, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, announced that websites will be able to have any suffix for almost any word in any language for an application fee of $185,000.
    (SFC, 6/21/11, p.D6)
2011        Jun 20, In Afghanistan's violent east one of the leaders of the al Qaeda-linked Haqqani network said they will target courts and judges after the execution of two fighters convicted over the brutal Feb 19 bank raid in Kabul.
    (Reuters, 6/20/11)
2011        Jun 20, Austrian police said they have arrested a 25-year-old terrorist suspect identified only as Thomas al-J. in Vienna last week. He allegedly supports the radical Islamist German Taliban Movement and considered a Sept. 11-style attack that would involve flying a plane into the Reichstag, Germany's parliament in Berlin.
    (AP, 6/20/11)
2011        Jun 20, In Brazil Juan Moraes (11), was shot and killed by police in Rio de Janeiro. The boy’s body was found three days later, dumped in a river near police headquarters, 11 miles (18 km) from where he was shot.  4 police officers, involved in the shooting death were arrested on July 21.
    (AP, 7/22/11)(http://tinyurl.com/3wj8rze0)
2011        Jun 20, British police arrested a man (19) suspected of hacking attacks on int’l. businesses and intelligence agencies. The arrest took place following a joint operation by its Internet crimes unit and the FBI. Police would not say whether the man is believed to be linked to either the Anonymous or Lulz Security (LulzSec) hacking collectives, which have called for "war" on governments that control the Internet and claimed responsibility for a string of high-profile attacks on targets such as Sony, the CIA web page and the US Senate computer system.
    (AP, 6/21/11)(SFC, 6/23/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 20, British-based Rolls-Royce said it had won an order worth $2.2 billion to supply its Trent XWB jet engines to power the Airbus A350 long-haul planes bought by Brazil's TAM airlines.
    (AFP, 6/20/11)
2011        Jun 20, A Chilean appeals court suspended a controversial hydroelectric project in the country’s Patagonia region.
    (SFC, 6/21/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 20, Chinese President Hu Jintao made a rare visit to Ukraine to sign a strategic partnership declaration as Beijing seeks to revive ties with the ex-Soviet state after years of neglect. Hu Jintao oversaw the signing of business deals worth $3.5 billion.
    (AFP, 6/20/11)(AP, 6/20/11)
2011        Jun 20, Chinese authorities said more than 40 miles (70 km) of dikes are in danger of overflowing in eastern Zhejiang province where floods have caused $1.2 billion in losses.
    (AP, 6/20/11)
2011        Jun 20, Equatorial Guinea was accused by Amnesty International of a clampdown on freedom of expression ahead of an African Union summit being held in the country this month.
    (AFP, 6/20/11)
2011        Jun 20, Euro zone finance ministers applied intense pressure on Greece, saying it had to approve stricter austerity measures before a final decision is made on a further 12 billion euros in loans.
    (Reuters, 6/20/11)
2011        Jun 20, RIKEN and Fujitsu took first place on the 37th TOP500 list at the 26th International Supercomputing Conference (ISC'11) held in Hamburg, Germany. This ranking is based on a performance measurement of the "K computer," currently under their joint development.
    (www.fujitsu.com/global/news/pr/archives/month/2011/20110620-02.html)
2011        Jun 20, In Indonesia Abu Tholut (50), one of the nation’s top terrorism suspects, went on trial on charges of helping set up a terrorist training camp for a group that plotted attacks on foreigners and assassinations of the country's moderate Muslim leaders. Arrested in December, Tholut is one of more than 120 alleged members of the "Tanzim Al Qaeda in Aceh" group to have been captured or killed since the camp was uncovered.
    (AP, 6/20/11)
2011        Jun 20, Iran hanged in public three men convicted of rape and armed robbery in the eastern city of Zabol.
    (AFP, 6/20/11)
2011        Jun 20, In Iraq a roadside bomb exploded next to a French Embassy convoy traveling through downtown Baghdad, wounding seven Iraqis. Nearly an hour later, a parked car bomb targeted a passing police patrol in the northeastern Shaab neighborhood, killing one policeman and wounding four others.
    (AP, 6/20/11)
2011        Jun 20, Libya's government said a NATO airstrike on a large family compound belonging to Khoweildi al-Hamidi, a close associate of Moammar Gadhafi, killed 13 people, including three children, west of Tripoli. Hamadi escaped unharmed, but his wife and 2 grandchildren were among the dead. NATO acknowledged obliterating the compound. On July 28 attorneys for Hamadi filed a civil lawsuit in Belgium accusing NATO of killing the 13 civilians.
    (AP, 6/20/11)(SFC, 6/21/11, p.A2)(AP, 7/28/11)
2011        Jun 20, In Mexico journalist Miguel Angel Lopez Velasco (55), his wife, and their son (21) were shot to death inside their home in Veracruz. Velasco wrote a column about politics and crime and was editorial director for the daily newspaper Notiver. His son, Misael Lopez, had been working as a photographer for the same newspaper.
    (AP, 6/20/11)
2011        Jun 20, In Nepal a lawyer and a college professor from the United States celebrated Nepal's first public lesbian wedding ceremony in the Himalayan nation that recently began recognizing gay rights and drafting laws to end sexual discrimination.
    (AP, 6/20/11)
2011        Jun 20, In Nigeria gunmen shot a nurse dead and wounded four others who were playing poker at a bus stop in the city of Maiduguri. The same group of gunmen killed a security officer in a separate attack hours later. Police suspected members of the radical Muslim sect known as Boko Haram. Gunmen killed five police officers and a bystander in a bank robbery in Kankara staged to look like a militant attack.
    (AP, 6/20/11)(AP, 6/21/11)
2011        Jun 20, In Northern Ireland sectarian clashes erupted on Belfast's streets as masked Protestant rioters attacked Catholic homes.
    (AP, 6/21/11)
2011        Jun 20, In northwest Pakistan suspected US drones fired missiles at a vehicle and a house, killing 12 people in a rare attack in the Kurram tribal area, where some of NATO's fiercest enemies have reportedly traveled. A car bomb near women's school in southwestern Pakistan killed 2 and wounded 12.
    (AP, 6/20/11)
2011        Jun 20, In northwestern Russia a TU-134 passenger jet slammed into the ground and caught fire while trying to land on a foggy night at Petrozavodsk, killing 44 people and leaving eight survivors badly hurt. 3 more victim died days later bringing the death toll to 47. Russian authorities later reported that the navigator was in a state of “light alcoholic intoxication."
    (Reuters, 6/21/11)(AP, 6/22/11)(AP, 6/26/11)(SFC, 9/20/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 20, Rival north and south Sudan signed a deal to demilitarize their disputed frontier region of Abyei and let in an Ethiopian peacekeeping force. Sudanese intelligence agents were said to have posed as Red Crescent workers and ordered some 7000 civilians to leave a UN camp in Kadugli, Southern Kordofan. The IFRC launched an investigation but found no evidence that its emblem was misused.
    (AP, 6/21/11)(AP, 6/23/11)(AP, 6/28/11)(AP, 7/15/11)
2011        Jun 20, Syrian President Bashar al-Assad pledged political reforms within months to address a wave of protests against his rule, but blamed saboteurs for the unrest and warned that no deal could be reached with gunmen. Assad called on the 10,000 who have already crossed the frontier to come home. Demonstrations erupted overnight in the cities of Hama, Homs, Latakia, Deir al-Zor, the town of Madaya near the Lebanese border, several suburbs of the capital Damascus and in Albu Kamal on the border with Iraq.
    (Reuters, 6/20/11)
2011        Jun 20, Jack Warner, FIFA official from Trinidad and Tobago, resigned from the organization ending all investigations into his conduct. The governing body of world soccer suspended Warner a month ago for a scandal where $40,000 was allegedly given to his colleagues running soccer games in Caribbean nations.
    (SSFC, 6/26/11, p.A4)
2011        Jun 20, Tunisia's former autocratic ruler, whose ouster triggered a series of Arab world uprisings, went on trial in absentia in the first of what will likely be a long series of court proceedings five months after he went into exile. Zine El Abidine Ben Ali and wife Leila Trabelsi were convicted in absentia on embezzlement and other charges after $27 million (euro18.97 million) in jewels and public funds were found in one of his palaces.
    (AP, 6/20/11)
2011        Jun 20, In Venezuela National Guard troops fired tear gas at a prison as they tried for a fourth day to dislodge a group of heavily armed inmates who have staved off attempts to retake control.
    (AP, 6/20/11)
2011        Jun 20, In Yemen tens of thousands took to the streets of the capital, demanding that the president's sons leave Yemen as pressure rose for the wounded leader being treated outside the country to step down. Six Yemeni soldiers, including two officers, were killed in clashes with Al-Qaeda-linked militants near the gunmen-held southern city of Zinjibar overnight. Airstrikes overnight killed 20 militants in the southern province of Abyan.
    (AP, 6/20/11)(AFP, 6/20/11)(AP, 6/21/11)

2011        Jun 21, A US Border Patrol agent shot and killed Jose Alfredo Yanez (40) at the US-Mexico border in Sand Diego. He had threatened to strike another agent with a concrete slab. Yanez was shot once in the torso and once in the head and died on Mexico's side of the border.
    (AP, 6/22/11)(AP, 6/22/11)
2011        Jun 21, It was reported that tritium, a radioactive form of hydrogen, has leaked from at least 48 of 65 sites, according to US Nuclear Regulatory Commission records reviewed as part of the AP's yearlong examination of safety issues at aging nuclear power plants.
    (AP, 6/21/11)
2011        Jun 21, A study led by the International Program on the State of the Ocean (IPSO) showed that life in the oceans is at imminent risk of the worst spate of extinctions in millions of years due to threats such as climate change and over-fishing.
    (Reuters, 6/21/11)
2011        Jun 21, In Australia Hundreds of flights were grounded in Sydney, Melbourne, Adelaide and Canberra as the Chilean ash cloud returned to Australia with a vengeance.
    (AFP, 6/21/11)
2011        Jun 21, In Brazil Kenneth Andrew Craig (42), an American on the US Marshals' list of most-wanted sex offenders, was captured in Rio de Janeiro. Craig had been arrested in 1998 in Deerfield Beach, Florida, after police allegedly found him in a hotel room with two underage boys. He allegedly filmed the two youngsters having sex, but was released on bail and then fled to Brazil.
    (AP, 6/21/11)
2011        Jun 21, China said that a meeting with Mahmud Jibril, the Libyan rebels' diplomatic chief, who is in Beijing for a two-day visit, was an effort to seek a quick solution to the crisis in the North African nation, a situation it said could not go on.
    (Reuters, 6/21/11)
2011        Jun 21, In China Sun Shuning was sentenced to death after being convicted of killing Yan Wenlong on May 15 during a dispute between coal mine operators and local residents protesting pollution. The case that fueled the biggest ethnic protests in Inner Mongolia in two decades.
    (AP, 6/21/11)
2011        Jun 21, In China Pastor Shi Enhao (55), a deputy chairman of the Chinese House Church Alliance, was detained in the eastern city of Suqian in Jiangsu province. The national group of underground congregations was established to provide mutual support and intercede with authorities who routinely threaten and harass unofficial churches. Enhao was sentenced a month later for organizing illegal religious gatherings.
    (AP, 7/26/11)
2011        Jun 21, Greek PM George Papandreou won a vote of confidence helping pave the way for $17 billion in emergency loans to keep the country solvent.
    (SFC, 6/22/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 21, Haitian lawmakers rejected Daniel-Gerard Rouzier, President Michel Martelly's choice for the next prime minister of Haiti, plunging the chronically troubled country into political uncertainty as a new government struggles to get its footing.
    (AP, 6/21/11)
2011        Jun 21, Indian police said they had ordered Google to stop taking photos of the city of Bangalore for its Street View product because of fears the images could be used by militants.
    (AFP, 6/21/11)
2011        Jun 21, The Indian state of Orissa said it has temporarily halted land acquisition for a planned South Korean steel plant after mass protests by locals and rights groups.
    (AFP, 6/21/11)
2011        Jun 21, Three Indonesians, radicalized by the teachings of a firebrand Muslim cleric, were sentenced to six years in prison for involvement in a terror plot.
    (AP, 6/21/11)
2011        Jun 21, Iran’s Arman daily reported that human rights campaigner Emadeddin Baghi has been freed after serving a year-long jail term on charges of spreading "propaganda against the regime."
    (AFP, 6/21/11)
2011        Jun 21, In Iraq suicide bombers detonated two explosives-laden vehicles near a government compound by Diwaniyah Gov. Salim Hussein Alwan’s home, killing at least 27 people and wounding dozens. In Baghdad, a bomb attached to a minibus killed the driver while the bus was traveling in the capital's western Harithiya neighborhood. Two soldiers were killed and five other people were wounded when a roadside bomb hit an Iraqi army patrol in Baghdad's eastern Palestine Street.
    (AP, 6/21/11)(SFC, 6/22/11, p.A3)
2011        Jun 21, Iraqi Kurdistan approved a draft law banning female genital mutilation by the regional government. The Family Violence Bill has to be ratified by the regional president, Massud Barzani.
    (AFP, 7/26/11)
2011        Jun 21, Japan and the United States agreed to drop a 2014 deadline for building a new airstrip on Okinawa and transferring US Marines from that Japanese island to Guam.
    (Reuters, 6/21/11)
2011        Jun 21, Japanese researchers said they had developed a self-propelled remote controlled capsule endoscope that can "swim" through the digestive tract.
    (AFP, 6/21/11)
2011        Jun 21, In Libya a US drone helicopter lost radar contact with NATO. It was a Fire Scout, an unmanned US chopper, revealing the use of the new robotic aircraft in the war.
    (AFP, 6/21/11)
2011        Jun 21, Lithuanian lawmakers voted to pay $53 million in compensation for the seizure of Jewish property by Nazis during WWII, to be paid from 2013-2023 into a fund managed by local organizations for the country’s 5,000 strong Jewish community. Some 95% of the country’s pre-war Jewish population of 222,000 were killed by Nazis and collaborators.
    (SFC, 6/22/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 21, In Mexico Mendez Vargas, alias El Chango, or "The Monkey," was arrested in the central state of Aguascalientes. He had worked for the Zetas in the western state of Michoacan before he and other drug traffickers left to form the rival La Familia cartel in 2006. La Familia fractured into two rival drug gangs in December after federal police killed the gang's founder and leader, Nazario Moreno.
    (AP, 6/22/11)
2011        Jun 21, Hurricane Beatriz bore down on Mexico's Pacific coast, putting tourist areas and major ports on alert for heavy rainfall and flash floods. Beatriz weakened into a tropical storm after pounding Mexico’s Pacific coast.
    (AP, 6/21/11)(SFC, 6/22/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 21, Portugal's new coalition government took office, charged with steering the debt-heavy country out of an acute financial crisis that forced it to take a euro78 billion ($112 billion) bailout and contributed to Europe's debt woes.
    (AP, 6/21/11)
2011        Jun 21, Syria’s President Bashar al-Assad ordered a new general amnesty, a day after an offer of "national dialogue" to end Syria's deadly unrest and as a huge crowd rallied in Damascus in his support.  Government supporters and opponents clashed in at least two cities, leaving three people dead in Homs and Deir el Zour. Assad's authoritarian regime mobilized tens of thousands of people to wave flags and pictures of Assad in several major cities.
    (AP, 6/21/11)(AFP, 6/21/11)
2011        Jun 21, The World Health Organization (WHO) urged governments to eliminate laws criminalizing sexual activity between consenting men, as part of an effort to ensure they get equal access to HIV prevention and treatment.
    (AP, 6/21/11)
2011        Jun 21, In Yemen battles raged between the army and suspected Al-Qaeda militants for control of the southern city of Zinjibar, as the number of soldiers killed passed the 100 mark. Two militants were killed in the southern province of Abyan.
    (AFP, 6/21/11)(AP, 6/21/11)
2011        Jun 21, Zimbabwe state media reported that Zimbabwe has vowed to defy moves for international monitoring of diamond sales from its disputed Marange fields, at a meeting of the global "blood diamond" watchdog.
    (AFP, 6/21/11)

2011        Jun 22, President Barack Obama mapped a course for drawing down the nearly 10-year war in Afghanistan and set a target of bringing home 33,000 troops by next summer.
    (AP, 6/22/11)(AP, 6/23/11)
2011        Jun 22, The Obama administration pledged to increase its investment in Central Americas security to nearly $300 million this year to thwart the expanding activities of drug cartels threatening to destabilize the entire region.
    (AP, 6/22/11)
2011        Jun 22, Mob boss James "Whitey" Bulger (81) was captured near Los Angeles, along with longtime girlfriend Catherine Greig, after 16 years on the run that embarrassed the FBI and exposed the bureau's corrupt relationship with its underworld informants. Anna Bjornsdottir, a one-time model and Miss Iceland 1974, was later paid a $2 million reward for the tip that led to Bulger's arrest. She had gotten to know Bulger's girl friend Catherine Greig after the two women both took a shared interest in a local stray cat in Santa Monica.
    (AP, 6/23/11)(Reuters, 10/10/11)
2011        Jun 22, In Seattle Abu Khalid Abdul-Latif, aka Joseph Anthony Davis, and Walli Mujahidh, aka Frederick Domingue Jr., were arrested in an FBI sting after they arrived at a warehouse to pick up machine guns for an attack on a military recruiting station.
    (SFC, 6/24/11, p.A10)
2011        Jun 22, Hedge funds faced closer scrutiny under SEC rules being approved today that seek to protect investors from risky trades and prevent another financial crisis.
    (AP, 6/22/11) 
2011        Jun 22, An Algerian court sentenced a 28-year-old Palestinian to four years in jail for possession of a banned substance used to make explosives. The defendant had been arrested by security services last year in possession of 300 grams of mercury fulminate and crystal rocks.
    (AFP, 6/22/11)
2011        Jun 22, Bahrain sentenced 8 prominent Shi'ite Muslim activists and opposition leaders to life in prison on charges of plotting a coup during protests in the Gulf island kingdom earlier this year. Witnesses say Bahrain security forces fired tear gas at protesters after a security court sentenced Shiite activists to life in prison.
    (Reuters, 6/22/11)(AP, 6/22/11)
2011        Jun 22, Bahrain sentenced opposition leader Ibrahim Sharif to five years in prison for plotting to overthrow the monarchy. Sharif was released on June 19, 2015.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ibrahim_Sharif)(SSFC, 6/21/15, p.A3)
2011        Jun 22, The online pranksters at Lulz Security (LulzSec) say they've taken down two government Web sites in Brazil as they continue with their global "Anti-Security" campaign. The cyber attack blocked traffic to the website of the Brazilian presidency and two other government sites.
    (AP, 6/22/11)(http://tinyurl.com/3ddjml6)
2011        Jun 22, In China renowned Chinese artist and activist Ai Weiwei was released on bail after confessing to tax evasion following more than three months in detention.
    (AP, 6/22/11)
2011        Jun 22, In Colombia women of Barbacoas announced that they would deny their partners sex until authorities began paving a 35-mile (57-km) road linking the town of 35,000 people with the provincial capital of Pasto. Army engineers began work on Oct 11 and the sex strike was declared over.
    (AP, 10/13/11)
2011        Jun 22, In Egypt unidentified assailants have killed two policemen and wounded another two when they opened fire on their patrol in northern Sinai.
    (AP, 6/22/11)
2011        Jun 22, In France European plane maker Airbus won a slew of orders for its A320 medium-haul workhorse, including a record deal for 180 from Indian budget carrier IndiGo at a rainy Paris Air Show.
    (AFP, 6/22/11)
2011        Jun 22, In Guatemala the World Bank unveiled a billion-dollar plan to fund security measures in Central America, amid other hundred-million-dollar pledges from donors bidding to cut a wave of drug gang-related violence sweeping the region. The announcement came as leaders of Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama attended the Central American Security Conference aiming to curb crime fueled by a spillover from Mexico's war on drug cartels.
    (AFP, 6/22/11)
2011        Jun 22, In northeastern India a protest against squatter evictions turned deadly as riot police fired tear gas and live rounds into the air to disperse thousands of stone-throwing protesters in Gauhati, Assam state.
    (AP, 6/22/11)
2011        Jun 22, In Indonesia indigenous peoples of Borneo demanded a halt to internationally backed forest conservation schemes, saying they are trampling their rights and robbing their lands.
    (AFP, 6/22/11)
2011        Jun 22, Iran’s state-run Press TV announced that 30 people were arrested in May on suspicion of spying for the US.
    (SFC, 6/23/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 22, Iraqi lawmakers said they are trying to figure out what happened to about $17 billion that was supposed to be used for reconstruction. Gunmen attacked an Iranian oil delegation visiting Baghdad. A series of attacks in Baghdad during rush hour left one person dead and 30 others wounded.
    (AP, 6/22/11)(Reuters, 6/22/11)
2011        Jun 22, Iraq said it would donate 10 million dollars in disaster relief to Japan and offered oil sales, as Tokyo struggles with the devastation of a March 11 tsunami.
    (AFP, 6/22/11)
2011        Jun 22, Japan passed legislation easing the process for non-profit organizations to get favorable tax status.
    (Econ, 7/9/11, p.39)
2011        Jun 22, Kenyan activists demanded the arrest of the education minister over revelations that $45 million donated for elementary education was stolen. A government audit last week found that $45 million in education funding had been stolen, far above the $1 million a 2009 audit found had been stolen.
    (AP, 6/22/11)
2011        Jun 22, In Japan TEPCO, owner of the tsunami-damaged nuclear plant, said it will pay an estimated $1 billion (88 billion yen) to thousands of residents who evacuated homes near the radiation-leaking plant and don't yet know when they can return.
    (AP, 6/22/11)     
2011        Jun 22, In Libya NATO warplanes resumed daytime strikes on targets in Tripoli as alliance member Italy called for the "immediate suspension" of hostilities there. Gaddafi forces landed rockets in the center of Misrata for the first time in several weeks.
    (AP, 6/22/11)(Reuters, 6/22/11)
2011        Jun 22, Morocco's pro-reform February 20 Movement urged a boycott of the constitutional referendum proposed by King Mohammed VI and called for peaceful nationwide protests.
    (AFP, 6/22/11)
2011        Jun 22, The Myanmar military-backed government deported Hollywood actress Michelle Yeoh, who stars as pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi in an upcoming movie, on the same day as she arrived in Yangon. The Luc Besson movie about Suu Kyi's life, "The Lady," is due out later this year.
    (AP, 6/28/11)
2011        Jun 22, In the Philippines Gregorio "Comrade Roger" Rosal (64), a popular Mao cap-wearing Filipino guerrilla, died of a heart attack. He had given a voice and face to one of Asia's longest-running Marxist insurgencies as its spokesman.
    (AP, 10/9/11)
2011        Jun 22, Russia denied registration to the People's Freedom Party, a new political party created by three prominent opposition leaders, effectively barring them from participating in upcoming parliamentary and presidential elections.
    (AP, 6/22/11)
2011        Jun 22, Russia and the EU signed a deal agreeing conditions for the resumption of EU fresh vegetable imports to Russia, which banned them because of a deadly E.coli outbreak.
    (Reuters, 6/22/11)
2011        Jun 22, In Senegal African superstar Youssou Ndour added his voice to the critics condemning a new law being proposed by Senegal's ruling party to create a vice presidential post. The opposition charged that the vice presidential post is being created so that the country's aging president can appoint his unpopular son, and put in motion a mechanism for his succession.
    (AP, 6/22/11)
2011        Jun 22, In Sudan sporadic air strikes and shelling began taking place in the eastern and southern parts of South Kordofan's Nuba Mountains, home to Sudan's indigenous non-Arab Nuba. One woman was killed and four others, including two children, were wounded in an aerial attack on Kauda. The Nuba peoples had fought with former southern rebels, the SPLA, during their 1983-2005 war with Khartoum.
    (AP, 6/26/11)
2011        Jun 22, In Turkey Hamas chief Khaled Meshaal held talks with Turkish officials on efforts to achieve Palestinian unity during a two-day visit to Istanbul.
    (AFP, 6/22/11)
2011        Jun 22, Vietnam released Tran Khai Thanh Thuy (50), a dissident writer and pro-democracy activist, and deported her to the United States on humanitarian grounds.
    (AP, 6/24/11)
2011        Jun 22, Yemeni security officials said 57 militants, mostly from al-Qaida, tunneled their way from the Mukalla jail in southern Yemen.
    (AP, 6/22/11)
2011        Jun 22, In Zimbabwe a gang of 27 armed robbers struck again stealing three tons of gold ore at Chav-Chess Farm outside Kadoma.
    (AFP, 7/27/11)

2011        Jun 23, The US blacklisted a major Iranian port operator and the country's national airline, Iran Air, to increase pressure on Tehran to curtail its alleged nuclear weapons program.
    (Reuters, 6/23/11)
2011        Jun 23, Early Bradley (58), a former Delaware pediatrician, was found guilty of abusing scores of young patients, most of whom were toddlers.
    (SFC, 6/24/11, p.A8)
2011        Jun 23, F. Chris Garcia, a former Univ. of New Mexico president, was arrested and jailed in connection with a multistate, online prostitution ring. Police said Garcia and New Jersey’s Fairleigh Dickinson professor David Flory were among 7 members in the top echelon of the ring, which had 1,400 members including 200 prostitutes.
    (SFC, 6/24/11, p.A8)
2011        Jun 23, The Wild Goose Festival, a music fest for theological liberals, kicked off in North Carolina with some 1500 people attending.
    (Econ, 7/2/11, p.26)
2011        Jun 23, Peter Falk (83), star of the TV detective series “Columbo" (1971-1977), died in his Beverly Hills, Calif., home.
    (AP, 6/25/11)
2011        Jun 23, A special Afghan tribunal overturned nearly 25 percent of last year's legislative election results, alleging massive fraud and putting into question who will control the parliament, one of the few checks on President Hamid Karzai. The Afghan government said that ten Pakistani artillery shells landed in Sarkano district of Kunar province, killing four children.
    (AP, 6/23/11)(Reuters, 6/24/11)
2011        Jun 23, In Algeria a bomb attack on a military patrol killed one soldier and wounded another. Moustapha Dial, a father of five, was fired upon by troops who raided a villa in Azazga where he was caretaker and seriously wounded. He was finished off by another burst of gunfire as he tried to seek aid. 15 soldiers, including an officer, were later detained in connection with the accidental killing.
    (AFP, 6/25/11)(AFP, 7/5/11)
2011        Jun 23, Belarus police released most of the 450 or so protesters they detained the previous evening at a rally against President Alexander Lukashenko in the capital Minsk. Several dozen were put on trial. The protests in Minsk, and nearly 30 other Belarusian cities, was the third such action in as many weeks.
    (Reuters, 6/23/11)(AP, 6/23/11)
2011        Jun 23, In Brazil 8 people were killed in an early hours police raid on a Rio slum aimed at cracking down on suspected drug traffickers.
    (AFP, 6/23/11)
2011        Jun 23, A British court convicted Levi Bellfield (43) of abducting and murdering Milly Dowler (13) after she walked past his home in 2002. It took Milly's parents Bob and Sally nine years to get justice, even though her killer had been living 50 yards from where she was last seen in Station Avenue, Walton-on-Thames, Surrey. The former wheelclamper and bouncer went on to kill Miss McDonnell and to murder Amelie Delagrange (22), and attempt to murder Kate Sheedy (18) in 2004. Bellfield was jailed for life for those crimes in February 2008 and was told he would never be released.
    (AFP, 6/24/11)(SFC, 7/6/11, p.A5)
2011        Jun 23, China's state-controlled Catholic church said it will move swiftly to appoint new bishops in dioceses where there are none, in a step that is certain to worsen frictions with the Vatican. Filling the more than 40 empty bishop's seats is an urgent task because the vacancies are causing serious problems in the handling of church affairs.
    (AP, 6/23/11)
2011        Jun 23, In CongoDRC right groups walked out of the Kimberley meeting in Kinshasa, where African countries, China and India supported a decision to allow Zimbabwe to sell some diamonds from its controversial Marange fields. The endorsement was opposed by Western nations, rights groups and industry.
    (AFP, 6/24/11)
2011        Jun 23, An Egyptian state security court sentenced Tareq Hassan, an Egyptian businessman, to 25 years in prison for spying for Israel. Two Israeli citizens were also sentenced in absentia to 25 years in jail.
    (AP, 6/23/11)
2011        Jun 23, France said it will pull its 4,000 troops out of Afghanistan on the same staggered timetable as the US withdrawal, helping pave the way for drawdowns by other allies.
    (AP, 6/23/11)
2011        Jun 23, The Paris-based International Energy Agency (IEA) said 28 countries have agreed to release 60 million barrels of crude to the market to offset disruptions prompted by Libya's war. The countries will make 2 million barrels a day available from their emergency stocks over a period of 30 days.
    (AP, 6/23/11)
2011        Jun 23, Germany's national disease control center said the death toll from Europe's E. coli outbreak has risen to 43, up from 39 a day earlier. One person has died in Sweden.
    (AP, 6/23/11)
2011        Jun 23, India and Pakistan held talks on peace and security issues in Islamabad, part of efforts to stabilize South Asia.
    (AFP, 6/23/11)
2011        Jun 23, In Iraq 3 bombs ripped through Shiite neighborhoods in Baghdad, killing 24 people in the worst violence the capital has seen in months. An American civilian aid specialist working to improve education in Iraq was killed in a separate attack.
    (AP, 6/24/11)(AFP, 6/26/11)
2011        Jun 23, In Iraq Hasna Ali Yahya, the Yemeni wife of Abu Ayyub al-Masri, was convicted and sentenced to 20 years in prison on terrorism-related charges.
    (AP, 6/26/11)
2011        Jun 23, Japanese inventors were reported to have pushed the frontiers of technology with the ultimate companion for lonely singles, a wired torso-shaped device that you can hug and that hugs you back.
    (AFP, 6/23/11)
2011        Jun 23, In Japan a 6.7 earthquake rattled the northeast, that same area of march 11 quake, which triggered a massive tsunami.
    (SFC, 6/23/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 23, The Mexican army discovered 117 migrants, mainly from Guatemala and El Salvador, hidden inside a trailer truck in the southern state of Oaxaca.
    (AP, 6/25/11)
2011        Jun 23, A Dutch court acquitted right-wing politician Geert Wilders of hate speech charges finding that his inflammatory comments about Muslims were protected by rules governing discourse in a free society.
    (SFC, 6/24/11, p.A5)
2011        Jun 23, New Zealand's government said that it has offered to pay thousands of homeowners to leave areas of Christchurch, the country's second-largest city, that were hardest hit by recent earthquakes.
    (AP, 6/23/11)
2011        Jun 23, In Nigeria unusually heavy rains flooded a neighborhood in the northern city of Kano killed 24 people overnight.
    (AFP, 6/23/11)
2011        Jun 23, Ibrahim Aaraj was arrested by Gaza narcotics squad officers. On June 27 the Gaza-based Palestinian Center for Human Rights said it feared Ibrahim Aaraj might have been tortured while in custody at the Nusseirat refugee camp and called for an inquiry into his death. Since Hamas wrested control of Gaza in 2007, eight people have died in police custody under questionable circumstances.
    (AP, 6/27/11)
2011        Jun 23, Russia’s PM Putin said his government would not revoke a ban on European vegetable imports until Brussels met Kremlin conditions.
    (SFC, 6/24/11, p.A4)
2011        Jun 23, In Russia Vladislav Achalov (65), a former Soviet general who supported two botched anti-Kremlin coups and recently organized a protest against the government's military reform, died in Moscow. Achalov supported the 1991 hardline coup that briefly ousted Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev but didn't face trial. In October 1993, he played an active role in a rebellion against President Boris Yeltsin and spent several months in custody before being released under amnesty.
    (AP, 6/23/11)
2011        Jun 23, Senegalese police lobbed tear gas at thousands of protesters who amassed in the capital to oppose proposed changes to the constitution that critics said would benefit the longtime president and his family. Pres. Abdoulaye Wade cancelled his proposed change to the Constitution, which would have paved the way for his son to take power.
    (AP, 6/23/11)(SFC, 6/24/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 23, Somalia’s Pres. named Abdiweli Mohamed Ali, a Somali American economist, as the country’s new prime minister. He was elevated from his position as minister of planning and int’l. cooperation.
    (SFC, 6/24/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 23, In southern Somalia an airstrike from military aircraft hit a convoy carrying al-Qaida-linked militants. Foreign fighters were among those killed in the attack carried out by a "partner country." A US drone fired on two senior commanders of Somalia's Shebab Islamist insurgency after they were found to have ties to Al-Qaeda. US military forces landed to retrieve the bodies of dead or wounded militants following the drone strike.
    (AP, 6/24/11)(AFP, 6/29/11)(AP, 7/1/11)
2011        Jun 23, Swaziland was re[ported to be asking neighboring South Africa for an emergency bailout to patch over a chronic national cash crunch that has sparked rare political unrest against King Mswati III, Africa's last absolute monarch. The IMF said last month Swaziland was near financial collapse, with a budget deficit of 14.3 percent of GDP, similar to Greece, and an economy stuck in the doldrums. Swaziland's public wage bill amounts to 18 percent of GDP, more than any other country in Africa.
    (Reuters, 6/23/11)
2011        Jun 23, Syrian troops massed near the Turkish border, raising tensions with Ankara as protests against President Bashar al-Assad's rule hit the 100 day mark. Syrian forces stormed the border town of Khirbet al-Jouz. Rights groups said Syrian security forces have killed more than 130 civilians and arrested 2,000 in the military campaign southwest of Aleppo. Some 1,300 civilians have been killed across Syria since mid-March.
    (Reuters, 6/23/11)(SFC, 6/24/11, p.A3)
2011        Jun 23, In northern Vietnam flash floods and whirlwinds killed seven people, left three others missing and injured 60.
    (AP, 6/24/11)

2011        Jun 24, Pres. Obama outlined a $500 million initiative to energize the manufacturing sector with an emphasis on research and new technologies.
    (SSFC, 6/26/11, p.A11)
2011        Jun 24, Pres. Obama named Andrew Liveris, head of Dow Chemical, as co-chair of a new “Advance Manufacturing Partnership" to bring together government, academia and business to build a roadmap for a more competitive manufacturing sector.  Liveris had recently authored “Make It in America: The Case for Re-Inventing the Economy."
    (Econ, 7/9/11, p.62)
2011        Jun 24, The war-weary US House of Representatives delivered a harsh, symbolic rebuke to President Barack Obama over the conflict in Libya but beat back efforts to cut funds for direct US air strikes.
    (AP, 6/25/11)
2011        Jun 24, A US judge ordered former media baron Conrad Black (66) back to prison for 13 more months, cutting his original 6 1/2-year sentence nearly in half for remaining fraud and obstruction of justice convictions.
    (Reuters, 6/25/11)
2011        Jun 24, Google said the FTC has opened a broad investigation into its online search and online advertising businesses to see if it has abused its dominant position.
    (Econ, 7/2/11, p.56) 
2011        Jun 24, Connecticut Gov. Dannel Malloy began issuing layoff notices to as many as 7,500 state employees after a state union voted down a labor concessions package.
    (SFC, 6/25/11, p.A5)
2011        Jun 24, In Indiana a federal judge issued an injunction barring the state from cutting off funding for general health services by Planned Parenthood clinics just because the organization also provides abortions.
    (SSFC, 6/26/11, p.A11)
2011        Jun 24, The Michigan parole board voted to release former Detroit Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick from prison after more than a year behind bars for violating probation.
    (SFC, 6/25/11, p.A5)
2011        Jun 24, In Michigan Dr. Stephen Hatch (46) of Indiana and his current wife were killed in a plane crash near Charlevoix. 8 years earlier Hatch survived a crash that killed 2 of his children and his wife Julie (38).
    (SSFC, 6/26/11, p.A11)
2011        Jun 24, In Nevada a tractor-trailer slammed into an Amtrak’s California Zephyr train on Highway 95 killing at least 6 people including rig driver Lawrence Valli II and a train conductor.
    (SFC, 6/25/11, p.A1)(SFC, 6/27/11, p.A1)(SFC, 6/28/11, p.A1)
2011        Jun 24, New York became the sixth and largest state in the country to legalize gay marriage, breathing life into the national gay rights movement that had stalled over a nearly identical bill here two years ago. Pending any court challenges, legal gay marriages can begin in NY by late July after Gov. Andrew Cuomo signed his bill into law just before midnight. It would be effective on July 24.
    (AP, 6/25/11)(Econ, 7/2/11, p.22)
2011        Jun 24, In North Dakota the Souris River swamped as estimated 2,500 homes in Minot as it soared nearly 4 feet in less than a day. More than a quarter of the city’s 40,000 residents had evacuated earlier this week.
    (SFC, 6/25/11, p.A6)
2011        Jun 24, In northern Afghanistan a bicycle rigged with explosives ripped through a bazaar in the Khanabad district of Kunduz province killing at least 10 people.
    (AP, 6/25/11)
2011        Jun 24, The presidents of Armenia and Azerbaijan failed to approve a set of basic principles for a peaceful settlement to their long-standing dispute over the breakaway territory of Nagorno-Karabakh, despite US and Russian efforts to mediate the conflict in the strategic Caucasus region.
    (AP, 6/24/11)
2011        Jun 24, Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao embarked on a three-country tour of Europe, mired in currency and sovereign debt woes. After talks with Hungary’s PM Viktor Orban and a reception at a Budapest university, Wen moves on to London and Berlin before returning home.
    (AFP, 6/24/11)
2011        Jun 24, In CongoDRC a 4-day meeting of the Kimberly Process, a system to end the trade in “blood diamonds," ended. Chairman Mathieu Yamba announced that two Zimbabwean-South African joint ventures could resume diamond sales.
    (Econ, 7/2/11, p.40)
2011        Jun 24, In CongoDRC 19 people were believed dead after a boat capsized overnight on Lake Albert.
    (AP, 6/27/11)
2011        Jun 24, European Union leaders appointed Italy's Mario Draghi as the next president of the European Central Bank, a move that gives investors much-needed certainty over who will lead the institution in its pivotal role in the fight against the crippling debt crisis.
    (AP, 6/24/11)
2011        Jun 24, EU officials said Croatia will become a European Union member in two years, making it the first new country to join the bloc since 2007 and offering hope to other nations from the former Yugoslavia seeking to join.
    (AP, 6/24/11) 
2011        Jun 24, French junior transport minister Thierry Mariani said French engineering group Alstom is in exclusive talks to build a high-speed rail line between Baghdad and Basra in Iraq.
    (AFP, 6/24/11)
2011        Jun 24, India and Pakistan wrapped up a fresh round of peace talks in Islamabad without any breakthrough other than an agreement to meet again in New Delhi ahead of ministerial talks next month. They did agree to work on new nuclear confidence-building measures and expanded trade and travel across the ceasefire line dividing disputed Kashmir.
    (AFP, 6/24/11)(Reuters, 6/24/11)
2011        Jun 24, India’s government announced a hike in the price of some petroleum products, increasing inflationary pressures in the fast-growing economy.
    (AFP, 6/25/11)
2011        Jun 24, Playboy Indonesia's former editor was released from prison after the country's top court overturned his indecency conviction for publishing pictures of scantily clad women.
    (AP, 6/24/11)
2011        Jun 24, In Iran Pakistani president Asif Ali Zardari and his Afghan counterpart Hamid Karzai held a three-way summit with Iran ahead of attending an anti-terrorism conference.
    (AFP, 6/24/11)
2011        Jun 24, In Lebanon Sheik Hassan Nasrallah said CIA members at the embassy had recruited at least two Hezbollah members and the group was investigating whether the US intelligence agency or another foreign agency recruited a third.
    (AP, 6/24/11)
2011        Jun 24, In Libya a ship carrying 51 prisoners docked in Benghazi. 249 people from the West wishing to be reunited with family in eastern Libya also were on board.
    (AP, 6/24/11)
2011        Jun 24, In northeast Mali a raid by the Mauritanian army on an Al-Qaeda base left 17 dead, including two soldiers.
    (AFP, 6/27/11)
2011        Jun 24, In Mexico a mass grave was discovered by soldiers patrolling in the municipality of Juarez, Nuevo Leon state. Authorities believed the graves contained at least 11 bodies. Mexico's Defense Department said that it was sending close to 3,000 soldiers to Tamaulipas to aid the northern state in weeding out corrupt police and recruiting and training new ones. Guerrero state police said five people were killed in the Pacific resort city of Acapulco, two of them in the tourism district. Five other slain people were found in other parts of Guerrero state.
    (AP, 6/26/11)
2011        Jun 24, In southeastern Mexico gunmen reportedly kidnapped at least 60 undocumented migrants, including children, who were aboard a freight train in Mexico trying to get to the United States. On June 29 the government said it hasn't found evidence to confirm a priest's report that at least 80 Central American migrants were kidnapped from the freight train.
    (AFP, 6/27/11)(AP, 6/29/11)
2011        Jun 24, Mozambique said will begin housing minors in separate prisons from adults, as the justice minister opened the country's first juvenile detention facility.
    (AFP, 6/24/11)
2011        Jun 24, In Myanmar 4 bombs exploded in three cities, wounding at least two people.
    (AP, 6/24/11)
2011        Jun 24, Pakistani fighter jets bombed suspected militant hideouts in two areas of the  northwestern Kurram tribal region near the Afghan border, killing at least 10 alleged insurgents.
    (AP, 6/24/11)
2011        Jun 24, Palestinian protesters rammed a bulldozer into a contested barrier near the village of Bilin, days after the Israeli army said it would finally comply with a court order and reposition the fence.
    (AP, 6/24/11)
2011        Jun 24, In Peru three people wee killed and 15 wounded after police fired on mostly indigenous protesters when they tried to storm a provincial airport in the country's southern highlands. Aymara Indian activists have been protesting since May 9 against a planned silver mine owned by a Canadian company and a proposed hydroelectric project that would mostly benefit neighboring Brazil.
    (AP, 6/25/11)
2011        Jun 24, In the Philippines more than 53,000 people were in evacuation centers after fleeing their homes following days of torrential rains caused by Tropical Storm Meari.
    (AFP, 6/24/11)
2011        Jun 24, Spain said it will slash the government spending limit by 3.8 percent in 2012 as it fights to lower the public deficit.
    (AFP, 6/24/11)
2011        Jun 24, Swaziland found its options narrowing to avoid financial collapse, turning to neighboring South Africa for a bailout as the African Development Bank refused a $150 million loan request.
    (AFP, 6/24/11)
2011        Jun 24, In Syria at least 18 people were killed when security forces opened fire to disperse demonstrations in Damascus, the town of Kiswah, Qusair and the central city of Homs. Demonstrations rocked many Syrian cities, including the eastern oil hub of Deir Ezzor where 30,000 protesters filled the streets. The EU this week issued fresh sanctions against Syria, which expanded a blacklist targeting 23 top leaders including the embattled president Assad.
    (AFP, 6/24/11)(AFP, 6/25/11)
2011        Jun 24, In Tanzania the UN Court trying suspects of the 1994 Rwanda genocide found Pauline Nyiramasuhuko, a female former government minister, and her son, Arsene Ntahobali, guilty of war crimes and gave both life sentences, marking the first time a woman has been convicted of genocide.
    (AP, 6/24/11)
2011        Jun 24, In southern Thailand 3 hidden roadside bombs killed two people and wounded 13 others. Police believed Islamist militants were responsible.
    (AP, 6/24/11)
2011        Jun 24, Ukraine's former prime minister Yulia Tymoshenko went on trial on charges of abuse of office, insisting during a chaotic hearing that the case is a plot by the nation's president to keep her out of politics.
    (AP, 6/24/11)
2011        Jun 24, UNESCO added the Ningaloo Coast in Western Australia, Japan's remote Ogasawara Islands and the Kenya Lake System in the Rift Valley province, to its heritage list.
    (AFP, 6/24/11)
2011        Jun 24, In the US Virgin Islands a 6-week embezzlement case against three former hospital executives ended in mistrial. A US government audit had accused the three of colluding with the hospital's board to hide bloated compensation packages and of lying to legislators about hospital funds.
    (AP, 6/24/11)
2011        Jun 24, In Venezuela Warden Luis Aranguren was arrested along with National Guard Capt. Gamalier Jose Camargo Gomez whose unit patrolled the Rodeo II prison. The two men were charged with corruption, criminal association and supplying arms and explosives to inmates. Violence began after troops stormed the Rodeo I on June 17 in a weapons hunt, sparking a furious reaction from prisoners.
    (AP, 6/29/11)
2011        Jun 24, Yemeni security forces opened fire on tens of thousands of protesters at a funeral in southern Yemen, killing at least one demonstrator. A car bomb, believed to have been set off be a suicide attacker, killed three security personnel in the southern city of Aden.
    (AP, 6/24/11)

2011        Jun 25, The Lulz Security (LulzSec) group of rogue hackers announced it was disbanding with one last data dump, which included internal AOL Inc and AT&T documents.
    (Reuters, 6/26/11)
2011        Jun 25, George C. Ballas Sr. (85), Houston entrepreneur and inventor of the weed whacker, died.
    (SFC, 6/30/11, p.A6)
2011        Jun 25, Afghanistan's political crisis worsened with lawmakers voting to sack the five most senior judicial officials and international consternation growing after a presidential tribunal threw out a quarter of parliament. In the east a suicide bomber blew up a sport utility vehicle outside a small clinic in Logar province, bringing the building down on those inside. At least 38 people were reported killed and 50 wounded.
    (AFP, 6/25/11)(AFP, 6/26/11)
2011        Jun 25, An Algerian village was on strike for a second day after a civilian was shot dead by soldiers in error after a bomb attack on June 23.
    (AP, 6/25/11)
2011        Jun 25, Central African Republic President Francois Bozize launched an operation to disarm hundreds of rebels at Bocaranga in the northwest.
    (AFP, 6/27/11)
2011        Jun 25, China’s PM Wen Jiabao, during a visit to Budapest, announced Beijing would purchase Hungarian government bonds and extend a one-billion-euro credit to the country.
    (AFP, 6/25/11)
2011        Jun 25, Egypt’s Finance Minister Samir Radwan said Egypt said it will not borrow from the World Bank and International Monetary Fund after revising its budget and cutting the forecast deficit, even though a loan had been agreed.
    (Reuters, 6/25/11)
2011        Jun 25, An Egyptian court sentenced Rachid Mohammed Rachid, the country's former industry and commerce minister, to five years in prison. Rachid, who was convicted in absentia of embezzling public funds, fled Cairo after the uprising that forced Mubarak from power.
    (AP, 6/25/11)
2011        Jun 25, In Paris tens of thousands turned out for a gay pride parade. In Germany thousands packed downtown Berlin for the 33rd annual CSD (Christopher Street Day) festival, an annual European LGBT celebration and demonstration held in various cities across Europe for the rights of LGBT people.
    (SSFC, 6/26/11, p.A10)
2011        Jun 25, In Indonesia a passenger bus plunged from a hill into a trench on Sumatra island, killing 14 people.
    (AP, 6/26/11)
2011        Jun 25, In Iran Pakistani Pres. Asif Ali Zardari and his Afghan counterpart Hamid Karzai attended an international anti-terrorism conference alongside Sudan's Pres. Omar al-Bashir, Iraqi Pres. Jalal Talabani and Tajik Pres. Emomali Rahmon. The presidents of Afghanistan, Iran and Pakistan agreed to join forces in combating militancy.
    (AP, 6/25/11)(AFP, 6/25/11)
2011        Jun 25, Libyan authorities accused NATO of killing 15 people in an airstrike that hit a restaurant and bakery in the east, while the alliance said there were no indications that civilians had died. Two loud explosions were heard in Tripoli as jets flew over the city. The rebel authority said 4 members of Libya's national soccer team and 13 other football figures have defected.
    (AP, 6/25/11)(Reuters, 6/25/11)
2011        Jun 25, Malaysian police detained about 60 opposition supporters amid efforts to prevent a massive rally seeking electoral transparency.
    (AP, 6/26/11)
2011        Jun 25, In Mexico more than 40 masked men burst into a cantina and opened fire, killing four people in the Pacific Coast state of Jalisco. Federal police said they arrested the leader of the Zetas cartel's operations in Veracruz state.
    (AP, 6/26/11)
2011        Jun 25, In northwest Pakistan militants armed with guns and grenades attacked a police station killing 8 police officers and 2 civilians. Three explosions were heard at the scene. Husband and wife suicide bombers blew themselves up when an armored vehicle tried to enter the police compound in Kolachi, Dera Ismail Khan district. Earlier in the day 15 insurgents were killed in the northwest tribal region of Orakzai during a gunbattle between two factions of the Pakistani Taliban.
    (AP, 6/25/11)(AP, 6/26/11)
2011        Jun 25, Russian tycoon and New Jersey Nets basketball team owner Mikhail Prokhorov was confirmed as the new head of a Kremlin-friendly political party.
    (AP, 6/25/11)
2011        Jun 25, Russian police detained 14 gay rights activists trying to hold an unsanctioned demonstration in St. Petersburg, as well as one person suspected of attacking the protesters.
    (AP, 6/25/11)
2011        Jun 25, A South Sudanese officials said 8 members of a militia tied to the northern government were killed during an attack on Turalei. 3 South Sudanese soldiers were also killed.
    (SSFC, 6/26/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 25, Syrian tanks rolled into a village on the border with Turkey where workers are scrambling to erect a huge tent city for fear of a new exodus of refugees from the crackdown. Government forces opened fire at funerals for slain political protesters leaving two dead in al-Kaswa, a suburb of the Syrian Damascus. Two other people were killed in the village of al-Quseir. One person was killed in the Barzeh neighborhood of Damascus.
    (AFP, 6/25/11)(AP, 6/26/11)
2011        Jun 25, Thailand announced its withdrawal from the UN's World Heritage Convention, at a meeting of the UNESCO World Heritage Committee in Paris. Thailand said it was withdrawing because the committee's consideration of Cambodia's plan for managing the Preah Vihear temple site could threaten Thai sovereignty and territory.
    (AP, 6/26/11)
2011        Jun 25, Venezuela's top security official said authorities have seized more than 5.5 tons of cocaine.
    (AP, 6/26/11)

2011        Jun 26, In Arizona the Horseshoe Two wildfire was completely contained burning over 348 square miles. The Monument Fire was 85% contained and the 841-square mile Wallow Fire was 77% contained.
    (SFC, 6/27/11, p.A4)
2011        Jun 26, SF held its 41st gay pride parade. NYC held its 42nd.
    (SFC, 6/27/11, p.A1,7)
2011        Jun 26, In Mississippi James Craig Anderson (49), a black man, was run over a killed by Deryl Dedmon, a white teenager, in a pickup truck in Jackson. The event fueled anger and an FBI investigation after a surveillance tape of the incident was made public. Dedmon was later charged with capital murder. On March 21, 2012, Dedmon pleaded guilty received two concurrent life sentences for the racially motivated murder of Anderson. On Feb 10, 2015, Dedmon was sentenced to 50 years in federal prison, Rice to 18.5 years and Butler to 7 years.
    (SFC, 8/18/11, p.A8)(SFC, 8/20/11, p.A6)(Reuters, 3/21/12)(SFC, 2/11/15, p.A6)
2011        Jun 26, In New Mexico a wildfire broke out near Los Alamos. By the next day it had grown to 78 square miles and threatened the 36-square mile Los Alamos nuclear laboratory.
    (SFC, 6/27/11, p.A4)
2011        Jun 26, In Oklahoma the Cherokee Nation election officials declared Bill John Baker as its new leader. He unseated 3-term incumbent Chad Smith by 11 of 15,000 votes.
    (SFC, 6/27/11, p.A4)
2011        Jun 26, Afghan President Hamid Karzai accused Pakistan of firing 470 rockets into two of its eastern border provinces in a three-week barrage. Security forces said that 36 people have died in the barrages, which hit civilians in areas where NATO forces have withdrawn. Authorities said a girl (8) was killed when the Taliban detonated a bomb she was given to carry to a police vehicle. Two Spanish soldiers were killed, and another three were injured, when their armored vehicle hit an improvised explosive device. Two other NATO soldiers were killed in the east and south.
    (AP, 6/26/11)(AFP, 6/26/11)(SFC, 6/27/11, p.A3)
2011        Jun 26, In Bolivia a bus ran off a foggy mountain road, killing at least 28 people.
    (AFP, 6/27/11)
2011        Jun 26, Jose Graziano da Silva of Brazil was elected as director-general of the Food and Agriculture Organization, the UN agency tasked with reducing world hunger at a time of high food prices.
    (AP, 6/26/11)
2011        Jun 26, In Brazil hundreds of thousands of people danced and wore costumes in the streets of Sao Paulo to celebrate gay pride and call for an end to homophobia.
    (AP, 6/27/11)
2011        Jun 26, Canada’s Senate endorsed back-to-work legislation ending the labor dispute that shut down the postal service.
    (Reuters, 6/26/11)
2011        Jun 26, China said it and Vietnam have agreed to settle their dispute over the South China Sea through negotiations, as protesters in Hanoi marched for the fourth straight week to voice their outrage at their country's more powerful neighbor.
    (AP, 6/26/11)
2011        Jun 26, Prominent Chinese political activist Hu Jia (37), imprisoned for sedition, was released at the end of his more than three-year sentence. Jia, known for his activism with AIDS patients and orphans, faced continued surveillance.
    (AP, 6/26/11)
2011        Jun 26, Chinese premier Wen Jiabao, reportedly a big Shakespeare fan, made a pilgrimage to the Bard's birthplace of Stratford-upon-Avon, as part of a 3-day visit to reinforce economic links between the two countries.
    (AP, 6/26/11)
2011        Jun 26, In Egypt hundreds of protesters angry with the delays in the trial of ex-interior minister Habib Adly clashed with anti-riot police outside the courtroom.
    (AFP, 6/26/11)
2011        Jun 26, An English climber found the bodies of six mountaineers in the French Alps who appeared to have died after a fall caused by an avalanche of snow and stones.
    (AFP, 6/26/11)
2011        Jun 26, In Iraq a suicide bomber in a wheelchair blew himself up at the entrance to a police station in Tarmiyah, 50 km (30 miles) north of Baghdad, killing 3 people and wounding 18 others. An American soldier died in southern Iraq in an incident that was not related to combat.  On July 19 the Islamic State of Iraq said in a statement posted on its website that it was behind the suicide bombing in Tarmiyah.
    (AFP, 6/26/11)(AP, 6/27/11)(SFC, 6/27/11, p.A2)(AP, 7/19/11)
2011        Jun 26, The Israeli cabinet approved broad economic sanctions against Iran, bringing the Jewish state into line with measures taken by other governments.
    (AFP, 6/26/11)
2011        Jun 26, Israel began tearing down a section of its contentious West Bank separation barrier near Bilin village that has come to symbolize Palestinian opposition to the enclosure. Two Palestinians, and five in the nearby village of Naalin, have died and hundreds others have been wounded since the Bilin protests began in 2005.
    (AP, 6/26/11)
2011        Jun 26, In Japan angry parents of children in Fukushima city marched along with hundreds of people to demand protection for their children from radiation more than three months after a massive quake and tsunami triggered the worst nuclear disaster in 25 years.
    (Reuters, 6/26/11)
2011        Jun 26, The Libyan government renewed its offer to hold a vote on whether Muammar Gaddafi should stay in power, a proposal unlikely to interest Gaddafi's opponents but which could widen differences inside NATO. Rebels in the western mountains said they have advanced and are battling Moammar Gadhafi's forces in Bair al-Ghanam, located around 50 miles (80 km) south of the capital.
    (Reuters, 6/26/11)
2011        Jun 26, Mauritanian aircraft struck an Al-Qaeda base in northeast Mali. 9 suspected Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) fighters were arrested by the Malian army.
    (AFP, 6/28/11)
2011        Jun 26, Mexican federal officials said the cult-like La Familia drug cartel conducts widespread extortion rackets aimed at farmers, miners and even bullfight organizers while getting protection from state police commanders.
    (AP, 6/26/11)
2011        Jun 26, In Nigeria 2 men riding motorbikes tossed bombs and fired on a crowded beer garden in Maiduguri killing at least 25 people. The attackers were believed to be members of Boko Haram.
    (AFP, 6/27/11)
2011        Jun 26, In Pakistan a bomb planted in a motorcycle exploded near a police station in the central city of Multan wounding eight people, including four police officials.
    (AP, 6/26/11)
2011        Jun 26, Pakistan was reported to have ordered Britain to withdraw some of its military training teams from the country. The Guardian said Pakistan has expelled at least 18 British military advisers, deployed as part of a 15 million pound ($23.9 million) program to train the paramilitary Frontier Corps.
    (AP, 6/27/11)
2011        Jun 26, Senegalese youths destroyed a Jehovah's Witness temple, accusing its followers of spreading alcohol consumption among the population. The pastor, who sustained head injuries during the attack, said the protesters had made off with a large sum of money.
    (AFP, 6/27/11)
2011        Jun 26, Somalia said it has freed six foreigners sentenced to at least 10 years in prison each for bringing millions of dollars intended for pirate ransom into the country.
    (AP, 6/26/11)
2011        Jun 26, In South Africa a head-on collision between two mini-bus taxis on a rural road in the northern province of Limpopo killed 15 people and seriously injured 10.
    (AFP, 6/27/11)
2011        Jun 26, Syrian troops pushed towards the Lebanese border as they pressed on with a deadly crackdown on dissent in central towns, where gunfire rattled overnight.
    (AFP, 6/26/11)
2011        Jun 26, In Tunisia 6 members of the Salafist movement were arrested after they stormed a Tunis cinema and broke its glass doors in a bid to stop the screening of the film "Neither Allah, nor Master" on secularism in Tunisia.
    (AP, 7/8/11)
2011        Jun 26, In Yemen tens of thousands demonstrated in the streets of the major cities demanding that the president's sons and other aides leave the country.
    (AP, 6/26/11)
2011        Jun 26, A Zimbabwe high court judge freed Jameson Timba, a key aide to PM Morgan Tsvangirai, two days after he was arrested for calling veteran President Robert Mugabe a liar.
    (AFP, 6/26/11)

2011        Jun 27, The US Supreme Court refused to let California regulate the sale or rental of violent video games to children, saying governments do not have the power to "restrict the ideas to which children may be exposed" despite complaints about graphic violence.
    (AP, 6/27/11)
2011        Jun 27, A US federal judge temporarily blocked parts of Georgia's strict new law targeting illegal immigration from taking effect, including a provision that authorizes police to check the immigration status of suspects without proper identification and to detain illegal immigrants.
    (AP, 6/27/11)
2011        Jun 27, Rod Blagojevich, who won two terms as Illinois governor before scandal made him a national punch line, was convicted in Chicago of a wide range of corruption charges, including trying to sell President Barack Obama's Senate seat.
    (AP, 6/28/11)
2011        Jun 27, A rock, named asteroid 2011 MD, zoomed by just 7,500 miles (12,000 km) above Earth, making a sharp turn forced by gravity before winging off into space again. The flyby occurred at about 1 p.m. EDT (1700 GMT).
    (SPACE.com, 6/27/11)
2011        Jun 27, In northern Afghanistan a senior leader of a leader of the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan was captured in Kunduz city dressed up like a woman. Two associates were also captured.
    (AP, 6/28/11)
2011        Jun 27, In Australia Hong Kong-based Philip Morris Asia Limited launched legal action against the government over plans to strip company logos from cigarette packages and replace them with grisly images of cancerous mouths, sickly children and bulging, blinded eyes.
    (AP, 6/27/11)
2011        Jun 27, A Botswana's Bushmen spokesman said Bushmen plan to boycott the country's upcoming census in protest at the government's refusal to provide them with a polling station during the last election. Some 100,000 Bushmen remained in southern Africa, spread across Botswana, Namibia and South Africa.
    (AP, 6/28/11)
2011        Jun 27, A Brazilian state judge approved what the court said is the nation's first gay marriage. Sao Paulo state Judge Fernando Henrique Pinto ruled two men could convert their civil union into a full marriage.
    (AP, 6/27/11)
2011        Jun 27, In Cambodia the top four surviving members of the brutal Khmer Rouge (Khieu Samphan, former head of state; Nuon Chea, “Brother Number Two;" Ieng Thirith, social affairs minister; and Ieng Sary, deputy prime minister) went on trial before a tribunal aimed at finding justice for the estimated 1.7 million people who died in Cambodia's "killing fields" of the 1970s.
    (AP, 6/27/11)(SFC, 6/28/11, p.A3) 
2011        Jun 27, Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao and British PM David Cameron signed trade deals worth £1.4 billion at a summit as Wen faced questions over his country's rights record. Jiabao proceeded to Berlin for a visit that with Chancellor Angela Merkel.
    (AP, 6/27/11)(Reuters, 6/27/11)
2011        Jun 27, Two Swedish freelancer journalists, Johan Persson and Martin Schibbye, entered Ethiopia from Somalia to report about allegations of human rights violations in the region including torture and rape.
    (AP, 7/4/11)
2011        Jun 27, French President Nicolas Sarkozy said French banks are ready to help troubled Greece by accepting a significant debt rollover, a move that could push other banks to pitch in to the Europe-wide effort to keep Athens from defaulting.
    (AP, 6/27/11)
2011        Jun 27, Germany's national disease control center said the death toll from the E. coli outbreak has risen to 47 including one person in Sweden.
    (AP, 6/27/11)
2011        Jun 27, In Haiti high waves flipped a ferry over after it left La Gonave about 50 miles (80 km) west of Port-au-Prince. 5 people died, 7 people were missing, and five people were rescued.
    (AP, 6/28/11)
2011        Jun 27, The Israeli government dropped a threat to issue lengthy deportation orders against journalists aboard a Gaza-bound flotilla. Israel's security cabinet ordered the navy to stop an international aid flotilla from breaching a naval blockade on the Gaza Strip but to avoid clashes with activists on board.
    (AP, 6/27/11)(AFP, 6/27/11)
2011        Jun 27, Ivory Coast state media said 15 ex-ministers, who served under the arrested former strongman Laurent Gbagbo, were indicted over the weekend for crimes against the state, embezzlement and other offenses.
    (AP, 6/27/11)
2011        Jun 27, Jordanian MPs failed to impeach PM Maaruf Bakhit for his alleged role in a suspected graft case about a multi-million-dollar deal that his government singed with a British-based company to build a casino, between 2005 and 2007 when he first served as premier.
    (AFP, 7/1/11)
2011        Jun 27, Kenya's PM Raila Odinga paid more than $37,000 in back taxes to abide by a new constitution that requires lawmakers to pay taxes on their hefty allowances. Kenya's Revenue Authority last week said lawmakers' properties will be auctioned if they don't each pay nearly $21,000 in back taxes.
    (AP, 6/28/11)
2011        Jun 27, In Libya NATO operations entered a 100th day with airstrikes having eased the siege of key rebel cities but with Moamer Kadhafi still in power and fears of an open war lingering. Rebels south of Tripoli advanced to within about 80 km (50 miles) of the capital and fought government troops for control of the town of Bir al-Ghanam.
    (AFP, 6/27/11)(Reuters, 6/27/11)
2011        Jun 27, In Mexico gunmen burst into the office of the police chief of Santa Catarina, Nuevo Leon state, and shot him to death. German Perez was shot at least eight times his Monterrey suburb. 7 bodyguards and officers who were guarding the police station were placed under investigation. The killing came a day after 3 Santa Catarina police officers were detained on suspicion of spying on officers in a neighboring town for the Zetas drug cartel.
    (AP, 6/27/11)(AP, 6/29/11)
2011        Jun 27, The International Criminal Court in the Netherlands issued arrest warrants for Moammar Gadhafi, his son Seif, and his intelligence chief for crimes against humanity in the Libyan leader's four-month battle to cling to power.
    (AP, 6/27/11)
2011        Jun 27, In Nigeria two girls were killed and three customs officers wounded from a bombing in the northeastern city of Maiduguri.
    (AP, 6/28/11)
2011        Jun 27, In Pakistan gunmen riding in a car with tinted windows near the Afghan border shot and killed Shakirullah Shakir, a senior Pakistani Taliban commander who helped train and deploy the group's suicide bombers. A suspected US drone fired two missiles in the Dra Nishter area of South Waziristan, killing 12 suspected militants. The Muttahida Qaumi Movement, a member of Pakistan's ruling coalition, announced it was pulling out of the government at both the national level and in southern Sindh province because of disputes over legislative assembly elections held in Pakistan-held Kashmir a day earlier.
    (AP, 6/27/11)(SFC, 6/28/11, p.A3)
2011        Jun 27, In Puerto Rico Luis Calderon Rodriguez, sub-director of the water and sewer authority in the city of Carolina, was arrested and removed from his post. He was charged with conspiracy to commit bribery involving programs that use US federal funds.
    (AP, 6/28/11)
2011        Jun 27, In Russia Col. Alexander Poteyev, a former senior Russian intelligence officer, was convicted in absentia of betraying a ring of 10 Russian spies in the United States. Poteyev had reportedly fled to Belarus and then on to Germany and, finally, the United States using a passport belonging to another person.
    (AP, 6/27/11)
2011        Jun 27, In Senegal thousands of demonstrators took to the streets of Dakar to protest frequent power cuts. People claimed they now go regularly without electricity for 24 hours or more.
    (AP, 6/28/11)
2011        Jun 27, South Korea said it will resume imports of Canadian beef suspended in 2003 after an outbreak of mad cow disease, agreeing to allow meat from cows younger than 30 months old.
    (Reuters, 6/27/11)
2011        Jun 27, In South Korea unionized workers at Standard Chartered bank went on strike over the issue of performance related pay. Korean bank staff were typically paid and promoted according to age and time.
    (Econ, 7/30/11, p.68)
2011        Jun 27, A Swiss man (62) appeared in court accused of drugging and sexually abusing some 50 girls at a camp and a private boarding school between 1996 and his arrest in 2007. On July 1 the man was sentenced to 13 years in prison and ordered to pay his victims 65,000 Swiss francs ($77,000).
    (AP, 6/27/11)(AP, 7/1/11)
2011        Jun 27, In Geneva more than 80 states began meeting for the first four-day intercessional meeting on the Convention on Cluster Munitions to advance their commitments to a world free of cluster bombs. During the meeting Thailand and Cambodia indicated their intention to join in the near future.
    (AFP, 7/1/11)(www.stopclustermunitions.org/news/?id=3086)
2011        Jun 27, In Syria nearly 200 critics of President Bashar Assad met in Damascus for the first time during the three-month uprising against his rule, in a government-sanctioned gathering some activists complained would be exploited to give legitimacy to the regime.
    (AP, 6/27/11)
2011        Jun 27, The UN Security Council ordered a 4,200-strong Ethiopian peacekeeping force to Abyei to monitor the withdrawal of northern Sudanese troops who occupied the disputed border region on May 21.
    (AFP, 6/29/11)
2011        Jun 27, Uruguay’s government said it will remove obstacles to human rights prosecutions against some 80 cases of officials of the past military dictatorship (1973-1985).
    (SFC, 6/28/11, p.A2)

2011        Jun 28, California lawmakers approved a budget package with $86 billion in general fund spending, ensuring that they will once again get paid.
    (SFC, 6/28/11, p.A1)
2011        Jun 28, Two Kansas doctors filed a suit to stop the state from enforcing a new abortion licensing law due to take effect July 1.
    (SFC, 6/28/11, p.A6)
2011        Jun 28, New Jersey Gov. Chris Christy signed legislation requiring government workers to pay more for health care and pensions.
    (SFC, 6/28/11, p.A6)
2011        Jun 28, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed two women and injured a child who were walking in Panjwai district of Kandahar province. A NATO service member was killed in an insurgent attack. Heavily armed Taliban militants stormed a top Kabul hotel, sparking a ferocious battle involving Afghan commandos and a NATO helicopter gunship that left 20 people dead including nine attackers. The hotel was hosting delegates attending an Afghan security conference and a large wedding party when the insurgents struck late in the day.
    (AP, 6/28/11)(AFP, 6/29/11)(AP, 6/30/11)
2011        Jun 28, British immigration officials arrested Arab-Israeli Islamist leader Sheikh Raed Saleh after he returned from an event in the central English city of Leicester.
    (AP, 6/29/11)
2011        Jun 28, Colombia extradited Phanor Arizabaleta (73) to the US. He has been charged with drug trafficking by a court in Washington, DC. Arizabaleta was alleged to have been a key figure in the now-defunct Cali cartel. Colombia's Supreme Court also approved the extradition of Ramon Quintero Sanclemente (52) to face money laundering and drug charges in Florida.
    (AP, 6/29/11)
2011        Jun 28, An Egyptian court ordered the dissolution of more than 1,750 municipal councils, seen as one of the last vestiges of Hosni Mubarak's rule. Security forces clashed with some 5,000 protesters in Cairo’s Tahrir Square. Protesters demanded that the country's military rulers speed up the prosecution of security officers responsible for February protester deaths.
    (AP, 6/28/11)(SFC, 6/28/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 28, French finance chief Christine Lagarde (55) was named as the first female head of the Int’l. Monetary Fund (IMF).
    (SFC, 6/28/11, p.D4)
2011        Jun 28, Greek riot police fired tear gas at youths hurling rocks near the finance ministry in Athens. The clashes with police came at the start of a two-day strike called by unions furious that the new euro28 billion ($40 billion) austerity program will slap taxes on minimum wage earners and other struggling Greeks.
    (AP, 6/28/11)
2011        Jun 28, In Kenya the aid group Save the Children said more than 800 Somali children arrive each day at overcrowded refugee camps in the northeast to escape a devastating drought in their war-ravaged country. They were among nearly 1,300 people who arrive each day at the Dadaab refugee camps.
    (AP, 6/28/11)
2011        Jun 28, In Mexico Abraham Barrios Caporal (26), an alleged hit man accused of kidnapping bus passengers, killing them and burying them in mass graves in northern Mexico, was captured in Coatzacoalcos, Veracruz state, and acknowledged working for the Zetas drug cartel.
    (AP, 6/30/11)
2011        Jun 28, Moldova officials said 6 people have been arrested for trying to sell an unspecified amount of uranium-235 to a North African country for $28.85 million.
    (SFC, 6/30/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 28, Nepal’s government said workers renovating the Hanuman Dhoka palace in Kathmandu, a UNESCO world heritage site, have discovered a huge stash of gold and silver ornaments weighing more than 300 kilograms (661 pounds).
    (AFP, 6/28/11)
2011        Jun 28, The Dutch parliament agreed with the Dutch Party for the Animals (pvdD) and passed a bill banning the slaughter of livestock without stunning it first, removing an exemption that has allowed Jews and Muslims to butcher animals according to centuries old dietary rules.
    (SFC, 6/28/11, p.A2)(Econ, 12/21/13, p.80)
2011        Jun 28, In northeastern Nigeria lightning strikes in Gombe and Yobe states killed eight men, four women and three children.
    (AP, 6/29/11)
2011        Jun 28, In Pakistan federal and provincial ministers from an influential political party in Sindh resigned after their Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM) quit the government in protest. The move left the PPP with a slender majority in the national government.
    (AFP, 6/28/11)
2011        Jun 28, Pro-Palestinian activists, who plan to breach Israel's sea blockade of the Gaza Strip, said that they had increased security around their docked flotilla after an alleged act of sabotage on one of the vessels in a Greek port. Organizers said hostile divers had cut the propeller shaft of one of the flotilla’s 10 ships.
    (AP, 6/28/11)(SFC, 6/28/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 28, In Papua New Guinea the Somare family, led by his wife, Lady Veronica Somare, announced Michael Somare's retirement as Prime Minister and from politics. Somare was still hospitalized in intensive care at Raffles Hospital in Singapore at the time of his retirement, more than three months after he underwent heart surgery in April 2011.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_Somare)(Econ, 8/6/11, p.35)
2011        Jun 28, Judicial authorities in Oman said 15 protesters have been sentenced to jail terms for taking part in violent demonstrations calling for more jobs and other reforms.
    (AP, 6/28/11)
2011        Jun 28, Saudi police detained one woman while driving in Jiddah on the Red Sea coast. Four other women accused of driving were later detained in the city.
    (AP, 6/29/11)
2011        Jun 28, Somali lawmakers overwhelmingly approved the appointment of a new, Harvard-educated prime minister. Abdiweli Mohamed Ali said that he would focus on combating the country's al-Qaida-linked militants who are trying to topple his fragile government.
    (AP, 6/28/11)
2011        Jun 28, Sudanese leader Omar al-Bashir arrived in China for talks with President Hu Jintao.
    (AFP, 6/28/11)
2011        Jun 28, In Syria some 50,000 to 60,000 protesters marched through the eastern town of Deir Ezzor, where demonstrations have become a daily event. Author and activist Munzer Khaddam, who a day earlier presided over a public meeting of opposition figures in Damascus, was taken to task by pro-regime supporters.
    (AP, 6/29/11)
2011        Jun 28, Tunisian police arrested about 30 people at a rally by Salafist Muslims demanding the release of comrades who ransacked a cinema that showed a film on secularism.
    (AP, 6/28/11)
2011        Jun 28, In Uganda 18 students and a teacher died after lightning struck their school in the country's midwest. In the past few weeks, lightning strikes around the country have killed at least 34 people.
    (AP, 6/29/11)
2011        Jun 28, The UN officially declared that the rinderpest disease has been wiped off the face of the Earth. The UN program to eradicate the animal disease began in 1945 and cost some $5 billion.
    (SFC, 6/28/11, p.A4)
2011        Jun 28, U.S. Virgin Islands Immigration and Customs Enforcement said officers have found 531 kg of cocaine, worth about $16 million, some marijuana and two pistols at a house on St. Thomas.
    (AP, 6/28/11)
2011        Jun 28, The Vatican inaugurated its new information portal: www.news.va.
    (www.news.va/en/news/presentation-of-new-vatican-multimedia-portal)
2011        Jun 28, In Venezuela authorities arrested an operations chief of Rodeo II and a prison guard. Another 10 officials have also been arrested, including Ruben Jose Gonzalez Heredi, the deputy director of an adjacent prison. He was detained for allegedly facilitating arms and explosives and illegal drug trafficking.
    (AP, 6/28/11)
2011        Jun 28, In Yemen a roadside bomb killed an army colonel in Aden.
    (AP, 6/29/11)

2011        Jun 29, The US Federal Reserve slashed the fees which banks charge for debit card transactions, but did not cut them as deeply as initially expected. Under the new rules, the fee charged for debit card transactions would be 21 cents. The fee for an average debit card transaction was 44 cents.
    (AFP, 6/29/11)(SFC, 6/30/11, p.D2)
2011        Jun 29, It was reported that News Corp. has sold Myspace to Specific Media Inc. for $35 million, a fraction of the $580 million it paid in 2005 for the once-hot social media site even as a new generation of Web-based start-ups is enjoying sky-high valuations. News Corp. will also get a 5% stake in Specific Media.
    (Reuters, 6/29/11)(SFC, 6/30/11, p.D3)
2011        Jun 29, Bank of America said it has agreed to pay $8.5 billion to resolve claims over soured mortgages. The settlement still required court approval.
    (SFC, 6/30/11, p.D2)
2011        Jun 29, In New Mexico the Los Conchas Fire expanded to 110-square miles reaching the edge of the Los Alamos nuclear laboratory.
    (SFC, 6/30/11, p.A9)
2011        Jun 29, In Afghanistan Ismail Jan, the deputy to the senior Haqqani commander inside Afghanistan, and other Haqqani fighters died in the airstrike in Gardez. He was suspected of having provided assistance, including weapons, fighters and training, to the gunmen who attacked the Inter-Continental hotel a day earlier.
    (AP, 6/30/11)
2011        Jun 29, Afghan authorities arrested two former executives of Kabul Bank in connection with a scandal at the troubled country's biggest private lender. Sherkhan Farnood and Khalilullah Ferozi, the bank's former chairman and chief executive, had initially been held under a loose form of house arrest in Kabul but had now been taken into detention.
    (AP, 7/1/11)
2011        Jun 29, Bahrain’s King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa said an independent commission will investigate allegations of rights violations during anti-government protests and a deadly crackdown in the Gulf kingdom. At least 31 people have died since February when the country's Shiite majority started a campaign for greater freedoms and an end to the Sunni hold on power.
    (AP, 6/29/11)
2011        Jun 29, Belarusian police violently dispersed the latest peaceful rally by thousands of people protesting Lukashenko's regime and the country's worst financial crisis since the fall of the Soviet Union two decades ago.
    (AP, 6/30/11)
2011        Jun 29, Britain’s first nationwide study into the scale of child grooming on its streets has identified more than 2,000 victims. The Child Exploitation and Online Protection Center (CEOP) report said the victims were aged 14 and 15 and female.
    (AFP, 6/29/11)
2011        Jun 29, In China Sudan's Pres. Omar al-Bashir, wanted on a war crimes warrant, won pledges from China and its state-owned energy firm they will continue investing in his country after its resource-rich southern region becomes independent next month.
    (AP, 6/29/11)
2011        Jun 29, In Colombia guerrillas erected a road block between Medellin and the Caribbean coast. When police arrived they detonated a bomb killing a police chief.
    (Econ, 7/9/11, p.34)
2011        Jun 29, The leaders of Congo and Guinea agreed to boost the current "low level" of bilateral exchange, in a statement marking a visit by President Alpha Conde to Brazzaville. The leaders agreed to hold a second session in 2012 of a joint commission that last met in 1978, in a bid to "revive" ties.
    (AFP, 6/30/11)
2011        Jun 29, Egyptian security forces clashed with hundreds of youths for a second day in Cairo over demands that the country's military rulers speed up the prosecution of police officers accused of brutality during mass protests that forced Hosni Mubarak to step down.
    (AP, 6/29/11)
2011        Jun 29, Ethiopia’s government spokesman Shimeles Kemal said that two journalists were among 9 people arrested last week on suspicions of organizing a terrorist network and planning attacks.
    (AP, 6/29/11)
2011        Jun 29, Ethiopia said it will build four more hydroelectric dams on the Nile river as part of a plan to become a power hub for Africa.
    (AP, 6/29/11)
2011        Jun 29, French daily Le Figaro reported that France has begun parachuting arms shipments to Berber rebels fighting Kadhafi's forces in the highlands south of Tripoli.
    (AFP, 6/29/11)
2011        Jun 29, France-3 television said that their reporters Stephane Taponier and Herve Ghesquiere, held hostage in Afghanistan since December 2009, have been freed.
    (AP, 6/29/11)
2011        Jun 29, Greek lawmakers approved a key austerity bill 155-138, paving the way for the country to get its next vital bailout loans that will prevent it from defaulting next month. The 2nd day of a 48-hour nationwide strike brought much of the nation to a halt.
    (AP, 6/29/11)(SFC, 6/30/11, p.A4)
2011        Jun 29, Guinea-Bissau’s economy ministry said the World Bank is to allocate 6.4 million dollars (nearly 4.5 million euros) to help it fight poverty and boost growth.
    (AFP, 6/29/11)
2011        Jun 29, In Hong Kong Birmingham City owner Carson Yeung (51), a one-time hairdresser turned football tycoon, was arrested by police. The next day he appeared in court and was charged with money-laundering. Prosecutors said investigations had revealed around HK$720 million ($92 million) passing through accounts connected with Yeung. He was released on HK$7 million ($900,000) bail following a brief appearance at the magistrates court.
    (AFP, 6/30/11)
2011        Jun 29, Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad warned the authorities against making arrests of members in his government whom he vowed to defend.
    (AFP, 6/29/11)
2011        Jun 29, An Iraqi judiciary official said a Baghdad court has handed a life jail sentence to the widow of Abu Omar al-Baghdadi, Al-Qaeda's top chief in Iraq, who was killed last year in a joint US-Iraqi military raid. A rocket attack on a US base near the border with Iran killed three American soldiers. The strike was blamed on a Shiite militia linked to Tehran.
    (AP, 6/29/11)(AP, 6/30/11)
2011        Jun 29, The Israeli military razed the West Bank settlement outpost of Ramat Migron, prompting clashes with youths that resulted in two arrests. The makeshift settlement, outpost established without Israeli government permission, has been razed several times since 2009.
    (AFP, 6/29/11)
2011        Jun 29, Kuwait's parliament passed a deficit budget for the 2011-2012 fiscal year projecting the highest spending in the OPEC member's history. The price for oil needed to balance the budget was $85-90 a barrel.
    (AP, 6/29/11)
2011        Jun 29, Myanmar's state media warned pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi that her planned tour to meet supporters outside Yangon could trigger riots.
    (AP, 6/29/11)
2011        Jun 29, Peruvian President Alan Garcia inaugurated a giant statue of Jesus similar to Rio de Janeiro's iconic Christ the Redeemer. "Christ of the Pacific" is 72 feet (22 m) high and stands atop a 49-foot (15-m) concrete base. It overlooks the Pacific Ocean from Lima. The statue was donated by the Brazilian company Odebrecht.
    (AP, 6/29/11)
2011        Jun 29, In the southern Philippines flashfloods left at least 25 people dead, mostly children. Another 15 people were missing.
    (SSFC, 7/3/11, p.A4)
2011        Jun 29, Puerto Rican authorities broke up the island's largest heroin distribution ring with a raid on La Perla, a notorious seaside slum, after a grand jury indicted 114 people on drug and weapons charges.
    (AP, 6/29/11)
2011        Jun 29, Sudan’s state media said the government has agreed to appoint a vice president from the war-torn Darfur region, taking a step toward satisfying a key rebel demand for greater power-sharing.
    (AFP, 6/29/11)
2011        Jun 29, North and south Sudan agreed to create a demilitarized buffer zone along their common border just days before the country splits.
    (AFP, 6/29/11)
2011        Jun 29, Syrian army tanks rolled into more northwestern villages. 10 people were shot dead when soldiers backed by tanks and armored personnel carriers swept into in the district of Jabal al-Zawiyah, including Mar-Ayan, Al-Rami, Sarja and Kafr Haya. Some 300 hundred lawyers staged a sit-in protest in the second city of Aleppo. The US Treasury issued a new list of asset freezes, targeting Syria's Political Security Directorate and air force intelligence chief Major General Jamil Hassan.
    (AP, 6/29/11)(AP, 6/30/11)
2011        Jun 29, A Yemeni air force jet mistakenly bombed a bus in Zinjibar, controlled by Islamic militants and suspected al-Qaida members, killing four people. Clashes at a football stadium on the city's outskirts left 48 people dead including 30 soldiers and 4 civilians. Government warplanes were called in and bombed the stadium. In Republican Guards shelled anti-Saleh protesters camped out at a central square, killing one and wounding four demonstrators.
    (AP, 6/29/11)(AFP, 6/30/11)

2011        Jun 30, California Gov. Jerry Brown signed a budget plan. He used his line-item veto to cut an additional $23.8 million from the state’s $86 billion general fund.
    (SFC, 7/1/11, p.A1)
2011        Jun 30, Florida’s Miami-Dade police shot and killed 4 armed men in a sting operation targeting a group that had committed a series of violent home robberies.
    (SFC, 7/2/11, p.A5)
2011        Jun 30, Ohio Republican Governor John Kasich signed into law a bill that allows gun owners in the state to carry concealed weapons into bars and other places where alcohol is served. The law also prohibits gun owners from consuming alcohol or being under the influence of alcohol or drugs when they carry their weapons into bars.
    (AP, 6/30/11)
2011        Jun 30, In southern Afghanistan roadside bombs killed two NATO service members in separate attacks. A man, woman and four children were killed when the car in which they were riding hit a roadside bomb in Marjah district, Helmand province. Militants captured two de-mining workers and seized five of their vehicles in Gardez.
    (AP, 6/30/11)
2011        Jun 30, Bahrain stopped bringing anti-government protesters to trial at a special tribunal with military prosecutors and moved the proceedings to civilian courts. Riot police fired tear gas and stun grenades to disperse thousands of opposition supporters.
    (AP, 6/30/11)(SFC, 7/1/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 30, Bangladesh's Parliament rewrote the constitution and rescinded a 15-year-old requirement that general elections be overseen by nonpartisan caretaker governments, a move the opposition says could allow incumbents to rig the votes.
    (AP, 6/30/11)(Econ, 8/13/11, p.42)
2011        Jun 30, Bolivia's government said it has informed the United Nations it is renouncing the world body's 1961 anti-drug convention because it classifies coca leaf as an illegal drug.
    (AP, 6/30/11)
2011        Jun 30, In Brazil a law was published in the official gazette saying prisoners will get one day knocked off their sentences for every 12 hours in the classroom.
    (AP, 6/30/11)
2011        Jun 30, British teachers and public service workers swapped classrooms and offices for picket lines as hundreds of thousands walked off the job to protest pension cuts.
    (AP, 6/30/11)
2011        Jun 30, China’s 200 mph bullet train from Beijing to Shanghai opened to the public. Construction of the $34 billion, 1,318 km rail line began on April 18, 2008.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beijing%E2%80%93Shanghai_High-Speed_Railway)
2011        Jun 30, In Equatorial Guinea the 53-nation African Union opened its summit in Malabo.
    (AP, 6/29/11)
2011        Jun 30, The German parliament approved government plan to shut down nuclear power plants by 2022.
    (AP, 6/30/11)
2011        Jun 30, India’s media reported that at least 17 infants have died in the last 48 hours at the government-run B.C. Roy Hospital for Children in Kolkata, West Bengal. In 2006, 22 infants died in three days at the same hospital because of prematurity or acute forms of either meningitis, encephalitis or septicemia.
    (AP, 6/30/11)
2011        Jun 30, Indonesian President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono appointed his brother-in-law, who rights groups say may have been responsible for abuses in East Timor in 1999, as the nation's new army chief.
    (AFP, 6/30/11)
2011        Jun 30, In northern Iraqi two police officers were killed in a late night ambush at a fake checkpoint in Wana.
    (AP, 7/1/11)
2011        Jun 30, The Italian government approved a $68 billion austerity sweep. The 3-year plan aimed to bring the government’s 3.9% budget deficit to near balance by 2014.
    (SFC, 7/1/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 30, In Kenya two people were killed and dozens injured after a riot broke out in part of the Dadaab camp, Africa's biggest refugee camp, where thousands of Somali refugees have been arriving weekly in search of food and shelter. The population at Dadaab camp surpassed 370,000 last week and showed no sign of stabilizing.
    (AP, 7/1/11)
2011        Jun 30, A UN-backed court investigating the 2005 assassination of former Lebanese Prime Minister Rafik Hariri delivered four arrest warrants. Lebanese authorities were given 30 days to serve the indictments on suspects or execute arrest warrants. If they fail, the court can then order the indictment published and advertised in local media. One of the people named is Mustafa Badreddine, believed to have been Hezbollah's deputy military commander. He is the brother-in-law of the late Hezbollah military commander Imad Mughniyeh and is suspected of involvement in the 1983 bombings of the U.S. and French embassies in Kuwait that killed five people. The other suspects are: Salim Ayyash, also known as Abu Salim; Assad Sabra and Hassan Anise, who changed his name to Hassan Issa.
    (AP, 6/30/11)(AP, 7/1/11)
2011        Jun 30, Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton arrived for the two-day "Community of Democracies" gathering in Vilnius, Lithuania.
    (AP, 6/30/11)
2011        Jun 30, In Mexico gunmen opened fire during a soccer game in the resort city of Acapulco, killing two people and wounding at least two children who were watching the match.
    (AP, 6/30/11)
2011        Jun 30, A Pakistani military commander said troops backed by jets and helicopter gunships have killed 40 militants in the Mohmand tribal area bordering Afghanistan in the past three days.
    (AFP, 6/30/11)
2011        Jun 30, Organizers of a pro-Palestinian flotilla that will try to break Israel's sea blockade of the Gaza Strip accused Israel of sabotaging a second ship.
    (AP, 6/30/11)
2011        Jun 30, Russian officials said a court in a Moscow suburb banned works by the founder of the Church of Scientology. A court in the Siberian city of Surgut had earlier made a similar decision, but then overturned it. The decision did not yet taken effect due to a still-pending appeal by the Scientologists.
    (AP, 6/30/11)(AP, 1/8/12)
2011        Jun 30, In Sri Lanka hundreds of people protested demanding to know the whereabouts of their family members abducted by "white van squads" allegedly operated by the government during the height of the country's civil war.
    (AP, 6/30/11)
2011        Jun 30, In Sudan an Ethiopian peacekeeper was killed in West Darfur and another wounded when an unidentified gunman fired at their vehicle.
    (AFP, 7/2/11)
2011        Jun 30, Syria's second city Aleppo braced for a mass rally, after a call for anti-regime protesters to "light the spark of the revolution," as pro-democracy dissidents joined ranks at home and abroad. Only five Syrians made it across the border today as the death toll from a two-day military siege rose to 11 people.
    (AFP, 6/30/11)(AP, 6/30/11)
2011        Jun 30, In Taiwan former Pres. Lee Teng-hui (88) was indicted for embezzlement and money-laundering during his time in office (1988-2000).
    (SFC, 7/1/11, p.A6)(Econ, 7/9/11, p.40)
2011        Jun 30, Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez (56) revealed that he is fighting cancer after having a tumor removed in Cuba, raising uncertainty about Venezuela's political future even as he assured his country he expects to fully recover.
    (AP, 7/1/11)
2011        Jun 30, In Yemen 5 soldiers were killed in fresh fighting with alleged Al-Qaeda militants in the restive southern city of Zinjibar.
    (AP, 6/30/11)

2011        Jun, The FBI and Interpol conducted "Operation Hive," which resulted in the arrests of two Metulji operators in Bosnia and Slovenia. The world's biggest criminal botnet, that has enslaved tens of millions of computers across 172 countries, was named “Metulji," Slovenian for "butterfly."
    (http://tinyurl.com/4346r4y)
2011        Jun, A petition campaign against a Jordanian garment maker was begun by US labor activists after a Bangladeshi worker told police that her Sri Lankan manager, Anil Santha, had raped her three times since March. This prompted several US retailers to stop placing orders with the Classic Fashion factory.
    (AP, 9/9/11)
2011        Jun, In Elko, Nevada, Stephanie Gonzalez was killed in her home. An Elko justice of the peace issued a warrant the arrest of Eduardo Puentes Estrada for murder four days after her death. On Oct 26, 2014, Estrada (32) was taken into custody after he apparently was involved in a fight in Puerto Vallarta.
    (AP, 10/28/14)
2011        Jun, New York Gov. Andrew Cuomo brought in a cap on property taxes.
    (Econ, 1/28/12, p.28)
2011        Jun, Scientists from the Philippines and the California Academy of Sciences completed a 6-week study of the island of Luzon and discovered over 3000 new species of land animals, plants and deep sea creatures.
    (SFC, 6/25/11, p.A8)
2011        Jun, A report by the Pew Environment Group estimated that some 73 million sharks are caught annually and 30 percent of species are threatened with extinction. West African shark fishing began in the 1970's, booming in the nineties due to rising demand from Asia for shark fins, according to a 2011 report entitled "30 Years of Shark Fishing in West Africa" co-authored by biologist Mika Diop.
    (AP, 1/10/12)
2011        Jun, Afghan President Hamid Karzai confirmed published accounts about US talks with the Taliban via Tayyab Aga, a personal emissary of Taliban leader Mullah Mohammed Omar. He did not publicly detail the content, format or participants. The first contact was held in late 2010 followed by at least two other meetings in early spring of this year. The sessions were held in Germany and Qatar.
    (AP, 8/29/11)
2011        Jun, Chad’s President Idriss Deby Itno inaugurated the Djarmaya refinery, located 40 km (25 miles) north of the Chadian capital Ndjamena. He described it as a "gift from China" that would offer energy independence to his land-locked nation. China’s state-owned China National Petroleum Corporation International (CNPCI) owned 60%.
    (AFP, 2/7/12)
2011        Jun, In Colombia 3 Chinese staff of the Emerald Energy, a British subsidiary of China’s Sinochem, were kidnapped along with their translator by FARC guerrillas from the Ombu field in Caqueta. The company had refused to pay $10 per barrel in extortion.
    (Econ, 3/17/12, p.44)
2011        Jun, A Danish convicted Harry Larsen of a number of abuses, including using a baseball bat and metal bars to beat some of his family's nine children, and raping two of its teenage daughters. In its sentence, that court said he should be sent to a mental health facility. On Dec 15 an appeals court overturned the ruling and sentenced him to 11 years in prison.
    (AP, 12/15/11)
2011        Jun, The Ethiopian government labeled Ginbot 7 as a terrorist group, along with the Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLF) and Oromo Liberation Front (OLF), under the country's anti-terrorism proclamation. Ginbot 7, founded by Dr. Berhanu Nega, envisioned the creation of a nation wherein each and every Ethiopian enjoys the full respect of its democratic and human rights, achieves economic prosperity and social justice, and the respect of the citizen’s life, safety and human dignity.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ginbot_7)
2011        Jun, Ethiopian consumers started a text-message campaign to boycott meat in an attempt to force prices down. The campaign has not worked.
    (AP, 6/21/11)
2011        Jun, In Haiti the number of cholera cases each day spiked to 1,700 in Mid-June.
    (SSFC, 7/10/11, p.A6)
2011        Jun, The IMF said its program with Malawi was "off-track" as the government, amid worsening ties with donors, had failed to review a $79.4-million (55.7-million-euro) credit facility meant to cushion the chronic foreign exchange shortages.
    (AFP, 3/31/12)
2011        Jun, Nigeria’s Pres. Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the country's first Freedom of Information bill. As of April 2012 government agencies still largely refused to release information, while security personnel routinely harassed, beat and arrested working journalists.
    (AP, 4/6/12)
2011        Jun, In the Philippines Biju Kolara Veetil (36) was abducted by suspected Muslim extremists in Jolo while visiting his Filipina wife's family on the strife-torn island. The Indian man escaped his captors on Aug 10, 2012, when his captors fell asleep after fasting for Ramadan.
    (AFP, 8/10/12)
2011        Jun, In South Sudan some 400 Murle tribesmen were killed in Pibor county by the Lou Nuer group.
    (Econ, 9/10/11, p.53)
2011        Jun, UN Statistics Division said 70 territories would be holding censuses in 2011. Only Iraq, Lebanon, Myanmar, Somalia, Uzbekistan and Western Sahara would fail to hold a count in this ten-year round.
    (Econ, 6/4/11, p.71)

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