Timeline 2011 July - September

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2011        Jul 1, Owners of the National Basketball Association (NBA) locked out their 450 players after the two sides failed to reach a collective bargaining agreement. The average player salary last year was $5 million.
    (Econ, 7/9/11, p.29)
2011        Jul 1, Six weeks after Arnold Schwarzenegger revealed he had fathered a child out of wedlock, his wife Maria Shriver filed divorce papers to end their marriage of 25 years.
    (AP, 7/2/11)
2011        Jul 1, San Francisco cable car prices rose a dollar to $6 following a recent $19 million upgrade of the California Street cable car line.
    (SFC, 6/28/11, p.C1)
2011        Jul 1, Connecticut Governor Dannel Malloy signed a bill mandating paid sick leave for workers beginning in 2012.
    (Reuters, 7/11/11)
2011        Jul 1, A US federal judge blocked Kansas from enforcing new abortion regulations that would have prevented two of the state’s three abortion providers from continuing to terminate pregnancies.
    (SFC, 7/2/11, p.A5)
2011        Jul 1, Minnesota's state government began a broad shut down going into the July 4 holiday after Democratic Governor Mark Dayton and Republican legislative leaders failed to reach a budget deal.
    (Reuters, 7/1/11)
2011        Jul 1, Hundreds of barrels of crude oil spilled into Montana's Yellowstone River after an ExxonMobil pipeline beneath the riverbed ruptured, sending a plume 25 miles downstream and forcing temporary evacuations. About 63,000 gallons of oil leaked into the river near the city of Laurel. On June 12, 2015 the US Dept. of Transportation ordered ExxonMobil to pay a $1 million penalty.
    (AP, 7/3/11)(SFC, 7/23/11, p.A4)(SFC, 1/3/13, p.A6)(SSFC, 6/14/15, p.A8)
2011        Jul 1, In NYC former IMF chief Dominique Strauss-Kahn (62) was released without bail after a dramatic court hearing where the sexual assault case against him appeared to shift in his favor. Prosecutors said the credibility of the woman at the center of the case had been thrown into question.
    (Reuters, 7/1/11)
2011        Jul 1, In Wisconsin a fierce thunderstorm left an 11-year-old girl dead and over 3 dozen people injured in Burnett County.
    (SSFC, 7/3/1, p.A8)
2011        Jul 1, In Afghanistan two civilians riding a donkey were killed when the animal stepped on a bomb in Kandahar’s Maruf district. When villagers came to recover the bodies, another roadside bomb went off and killed two more civilians. A NATO coalition service member was killed in a roadside bombing in the south.
    (AP, 7/2/11)
2011        Jul 1, Australian federal police charged two currency printing firms and several of their former senior managers with bribing foreign officials to secure bank note supply contracts. The charges against Securency International Pty Ltd., one of the world's leading currency printing firms, and Note Printing Australia Ltd. related to alleged bribes paid to officials in Indonesia, Malaysia and Vietnam between 1999 and 2005.
    (AP, 7/1/11)
2011        Jul 1, In Bangladesh at least 12 people were killed and more feared missing after three days of heavy rain triggered landslides near a slum in the port city of Chittagong.
    (AFP, 7/1/11)
2011        Jul 1, Burundi's President Pierre Nkurunziza appealed for the first time to opposition leaders in exile to return home and begin a dialogue, in a speech to mark the country's independence.
    (AFP, 7/2/11)
2011        Jul 1, China confirmed that an oil spill had occurred in waters around Nanhuangcheng Island in Shandong province. US oil company ConocoPhillips operated the Penglai 19-3 oil field where the leak originated. Leaking oil was first detected on June 4, and then again on June 17. The state maritime bureau said that an area in the mouth of the Bohai Sea, measuring 840 square km (336 square miles), had been badly polluted due to the spill.
    (AFP, 7/5/11)(SFC, 7/6/11, p.A4)
2011        Jul 1, Doctors without Borders (MSF) said cholera has claimed 153 lives out of 2,787 cases in the capital of the Democratic Republic of Congo and the provinces. MSF said that the outbreak began in March in the northeastern city of Kisangani, and soon spread westwards, with the first cases reported in Kinshasa on June 20.
    (AFP, 7/1/11)
2011        Jul 1, Denmark approved a decision to re-establish permanent customs checkpoints at its borders, removing the last hurdle to a plan aimed at stopping crime and illegal immigration but which has been strongly criticized in Europe as violating visa-free travel rules.
    (AP, 7/1/11)
2011        Jul 1, Danish pharmaceutical company Lundbeck Inc. said it will demand that US distributors sign an agreement stating that they will not make the sedative pentobarbital available for prisons using it for lethal injections.
    (SFC, 7/2/11, p.A2)
2011        Jul 1, In Egypt hundreds rallied in Cairo's landmark Tahrir Square demanding speedy trials for former regime figures and policemen accused of killing protesters during the 18-day revolt earlier this year.
    (AP, 7/1/11)
2011        Jul 1, In Equatorial Guinea Africa's heads of state signed off on a road map designed to help Libya emerge from civil war, but carefully dodged the issue of what role the country's entrenched dictator Moammar Gadhafi should play in its future government. The African Union called on its members to disregard the International Criminal Court's arrest warrant for Moammar Gadhafi.
    (AP, 7/1/11)(AP, 7/2/11)
2011        Jul 1, The African Union, meeting in Equatorial Guinea, said Senegal must try Hissene Habre, the former dictator of Chad, who has been living in the Senegalese capital for decades. Habre has lived in Senegal since 1990, and Senegal agreed to create a special court to try him more than five years ago.
    (AP, 7/2/11)
2011        Jul 1, In Ethiopia Swedish freelance journalists Johan Persson and Martin Schibbye were arrested after entering the Ogaden region to report on allegations of human rights violations.
    (AFP, 12/22/11)
2011        Jul 1, Greece announced it was banning vessels heading to Gaza from leaving Greek ports and escorted back to shore American protesters on a boat bound for the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 7/1/11)
2011        Jul 1, Guatemalan villagers beat, shot and stabbed to death five men and a woman they suspected of robbery in a remote mountain village.
    (AP, 7/2/11)
2011        Jul 1, In Hong Kong tens of thousands of people vented anger over skyrocketing property prices and government policies at an annual march held on the anniversary of the former British colony's return to Chinese rule. Police arrested 231 people and used pepper spray during the demonstration.
    (AP, 7/1/11)(AFP, 7/2/11)
2011        Jul 1, In India scientists warned that water off the famed beaches of the Indian holiday state of Goa was unfit for bathing and fishing due to high levels of bacteria from untreated sewage.
    (AFP, 7/1/11)
2011        Jul 1, In Indonesia an 18-month-old Sumatran tiger died seven days after it fell into a trap and within three hours of being tranquilized by local conservation officials. The trap was on the border of an acacia forest and an APP logging concession. Estimates of the number of Sumatran tigers remaining in the world range from 300 to 400.
    (AP, 7/26/11)
2011        Jul 1, In central Iraq the Al-Ahdab oil field, operated by China National Petroleum Corp, began production with 60,000 barrels per day. The contract with CNPC, signed in 2008, allows the Chinese company to develop the field for 23 years.
    (AFP, 7/1/11)
2011        Jul 1, In Italy a horse smashed into a barrier and died during training for a famed race around Sienna’s cobblestone piazza, leading to calls from animal rights groups for a suspension of the risky bareback contest. Some 50 horses have died since 1970.
    (AP, 7/2/11)
2011        Jul 1, Ivory Coast said it has issued international arrest warrants for youth leader Charles Ble Goude and other close aides of former president Laurent Gbagbo. 15 members of Gbagbo's inner circle were charged last week.
    (AP, 7/2/11)
2011        Jul 1, In Jordan about 2,000 people demonstrated across the country to demand the dissolution of the "parliament of shame," over a suspected corruption case involving a gambling.
    (AFP, 7/1/11)
2011        Jul 1, Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi threatened to target European "homes, offices, families" unless NATO halts its bombing campaign.
    (AP, 7/2/11)
2011        Jul 1, In northern Mexico marines battled alleged members of the Zetas drug cartel for more than five hours, leaving 15 gang suspects dead and six marines wounded.
    (AP, 7/2/11)
2011        Jul 1, In Mexico remnants of Tropical Storm Arlene continued dumping rain over the country's central highlands. 22 deaths due to the storm were soon confirmed.
    (AP, 7/2/11)(AP, 7/5/11)
2011        Jul 1, Monaco's reigning prince, Albert II, wed Charlene Wittstock of South Africa in a long-awaited civil ceremony that transformed the one-time Olympic swimmer into the Princess of Monaco.
    (AP, 7/2/11)
2011        Jul 1, Moroccans voted on whether to adopt a new constitution that the king has championed as an answer to demands for greater freedoms, but that protesters say will still leave the monarch firmly in control. The preliminary results showed a 98.94 percent approval rating and 72.56 percent turnout.
    (AP, 7/1/11)
2011        Jul 1, Moroccan constitutional reforms made Tamazight, a form of Berber, an official language. Its written tradition extended to at least 200BC. The Tuareg traditionally use their own alphabet, called Tifinagh, to write it.
    (SSFC, 7/17/11, p.N3)
2011        Jul 1, North Korea assumed the rotating presidency of the 65-nation Conference on Disarmament, the world's top disarmament body, for four weeks.
    (AP, 7/2/11)
2011        Jul 1, In Pakistan 2 Swiss tourists, David Och and Daniela Widmer, were kidnapped in southwest Baluchistan province. The couple were reported freed on March 15, 2012.
    (AP, 7/2/11)(AP, 3/15/12)
2011        Jul 1, In the Philippines government "environment enforcers" wearing mint-green Polo T-shirts fanned out across Manila to start handing out penalties for smoking in public places of 500 pesos ($11.50), following a month-long trial period.
    (AFP, 7/1/11)
2011        Jul 1, Poland took over the rotating presidency of the EU.
    (Econ, 6/25/11, p.66)
2011        Jul 1, Senegalese opposition leader, ex-prime minister Macky Sall, accused President Abdoulaye Wade's regime of recruiting mercenaries from countries such as Ivory Coast.
    (AFP, 7/1/11)
2011        Jul 1, Singapore’s government declared the Coalition for Clean and Fair Elections (aka Bersih) to be illegal.
    (Econ, 7/16/11, p.46)
2011        Jul 1, Sudan's President Omar al-Bashir ordered the army to fight in South Kordofan until it has "cleaned" the border state of rebels.
    (AFP, 7/1/11)
2011        Jul 1, In Syria hundreds of thousands of protesters flooded cities in one of the largest outpourings against the regime of President Bashar Assad since the uprisings. Security forces in Hama shot dead over 20 protesters.
    (AP, 7/1/11)(AP, 7/2/11)(Econ, 7/16/11, p.55)
2011        Jul 1, In Yemen hundreds of thousands of protesters staged huge rallies across the country calling for the departure of all figures in the regime of President Ali Abdullah Saleh. An armed member of the Southern Movement, a group seeking autonomy, was killed in an attack on an army position north of Aden. Military officials said Ahmed Saleh, the son of Pres. Saleh, has led a crackdown arresting dozens of military officers suspected of turning against his wounded father.
    (AFP, 7/1/11)(SFC, 7/2/11, p.A2)

2011        Jul 2, Thousands of marchers stormed the Atlanta, Georgia, to protest the state's new immigration law, which they say creates an unwelcome environment for people of color and those in search of a better life.
    (AP, 7/2/11)
2011        Jul 2, In South Carolina Kenneth Myers (46) killed his wife, her twin sister, their mother and his ex-wife in a late night killing spree near Wagener. He took his own life early the next morning as police chased him in a car.
    (SFC, 7/4/11, p.A4)
2011        Jul 2, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed 13 people when an explosion ripped through the van they were traveling in. Two gunmen on a motorcycle killed Wakil Mohammad Khan, a member of the local council in Nahri Sarraj district of Helmand province. Italian coalition service member was killed in a roadside bombing in the west. In Kabul, about 500 demonstrators chanted "Death to the Pakistan military!" and "Long live Afghanistan!" as they protested against rocket attacks that have killed at least 36 civilians in recent weeks.
    (AP, 7/2/11)
2011        Jul 2, Australian aviation regulators grounded budget carrier Tiger Airways Australia, a subsidiary of Singapore's Tiger Airways, because it posed a "serious and imminent risk to air safety", throwing the travel plans of thousands of people into chaos.
    (AFP, 7/2/11)
2011        Jul 2, Australian officials worked to isolate potential victims after uncovering two more cases of the deadly horse-borne Hendra virus, which has erupted in New south Wales and Queensland. Hendra can lead to fatal respiratory illness and has killed four of the seven people who have contracted it in Australia since it was first documented in 1994.
    (AFP, 7/2/11)
2011        Jul 2, Bahrain's Sunni rulers launched landmark reconciliation talks with the opposition, after four months of Shiite-led protests for greater rights and harsh crackdowns on dissent in the strategic Gulf kingdom. Opposition groups could nominate just 35 of the 300 participants. Riot police fired tear gas at anti-government protesters denouncing the reconciliation talks.
    (AP, 7/2/11)(Econ, 7/9/11, p.46)
2011        Jul 2, The Belarus government, eager to avoid protests on the July 3 national holiday, began blocking access to the social media sites, including VKontakte, a Russian version of Facebook.
    (AP, 7/3/11)
2011        Jul 2, British mobile phone giant Vodafone said it is taking full control of its Indian joint venture by buying out its local partner Essar Group.
    (AFP, 7/2/11)
2011        Jul 2, China suffered two mining accidents that left three workers dead and 42 trapped underground. The cave-in and flood occurred in the Guangxi region of Guizhou province.
    (AFP, 7/2/11)(SFC, 7/4/11, p.A2)
2011        Jul 2, In Germany Wladimir Klitschko of the Ukraine became the undisputed world heavyweight champion by beating Great Britain's David Haye on a unanimous points decision at Hamburg's football stadium.
    (AFP, 7/2/11)
2011        Jul 2, Der Spiegel reported that Germany has agreed to sell 200 Leopard tanks to Saudi Arabia.
    (http://asian-defence.blogspot.com/2011/07/saudi-arabia-to-buy-200-leopard-2a7.html)
2011        Jul 2, In Guinea the family of Colonel Moussa Keita, a high-ranking member of Captain Moussa Dadis Camara's military junta, said Keita has been arrested by the army. In recent weeks Keita made statements to local media accusing General Sekouba Konate, head of a transition government put in place after Camara was shot by a close aide, of embezzling $20 million (14 million euro).
    (AFP, 7/2/11)
2011        Jul 2, In India reports first came out of a treasure trove found in the underground vaults of a temple in the 16th century Sree Padmanabhaswamy temple in southern Kerala state. A temple official said most of the articles were offerings made by devotees and wealth the erstwhile rulers of the Travancore princely state had stored there. Unofficial estimates pegged the bounty at $22 billion.
    (Reuters, 7/3/11)(AP, 7/4/11)
2011        Jul 2, Iran said it will completely seal off its eastern borders with Afghanistan and Pakistan by 2015 to prevent drug smuggling and infiltration of armed groups.
    (AFP, 7/2/11)
2011        Jul 2, Jordan’s King Abdullah II issued a decree approving the first reshuffle of the cabinet, which was formed in February, bringing in nine newcomers, and changing the portfolios of two ministers.
    (AFP, 7/2/11)
2011        Jul 2, Kosovo and Serbia agreed to a deal on recognizing car license plates, identity cards and university diplomas.
    (Econ, 7/9/11, p.50)
2011        Jul 2, NATO said it has begun ramping up its airstrikes on military targets in the western part of Libya, where rebel forces claim a string of advances through territory still largely under Moammar Gadhafi's control.
    (AP, 7/2/11)
2011        Jul 2, In Malaysia an activist group said police have detained six members of an opposition party, including a lawmaker, were arrested last weekend together with 25 others on the way to a party rally in northern Penang state. They were being held on accusations of "inciting people to wage war against the king." The detentions and arrests were said to be part of a government crackdown to prevent people from attending a July 9 rally by the electoral reform group Bersih.
    (AFP, 7/2/11)
2011        Jul 2, In Mexico 3 gunmen were killed in a shootout with police after more than 40 armed assailants lobbed grenades at a federal police station in La Piedad, Michoacan state. A priest in Tamaulipas state was killed in his car by a stray bullet during a shootout in Matamoros. In Sinaloa state the bodies of two decapitated men were left at the entrance of two local newspaper offices, Noreste and El Debate.
    (AP, 7/3/11)
2011        Jul 2, In Nigeria 3 gunmen from the Boko Haram sect shot and killed four people in Maiduguri.
    (AP, 7/3/11)
2011        Jul 2, Six Northern Ireland police officers were injured as "significant disorder" erupted on the streets of Belfast, just over a week after the worst clashes there for years.
    (AFP, 7/2/11)
2011        Jul 2, In Pakistan militants attacked a checkpoint in the Karora area of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province around midnight killing three police officers and wounding one.
    (AP, 7/3/11)
2011        Jul 2, Puerto Rico's police chief, Jose Figueroa Sancha, resigned amid sharp criticism over a rising homicide rate in the US territory and allegations of police abuse.
    (AP, 7/2/11)
2011        Jul 2, Russia restored power to Belarus after a 4-day cutoff due to unpaid bills.
    (SSFC, 7/3/11, p.A5)
2011        Jul 2, Sudan’s northern army carried out cross-border air strikes that killed three civilians and wounded 17 in south Sudan's oil-producing Unity state just a week before independence.
    (AFP, 7/3/11)
2011        Jul 2, Syrian Pres Assad dismissed Ahmed Abdul-Aziz, the governor of the key central city of Hama, after one of the largest protest gatherings to demand an end to Assad's authoritarian regime.
    (AP, 7/2/11)
2011        Jul 2, The Vatican reported that it made a profit of $14.3 million in 2010. Donations from the faithful fell 18% or nearly $15  million.
    (SSFC, 7/3/11, p.A5)
2011        Jul 2, The Yemeni military said some 50 soldiers were missing after battling Islamic militants around the southern city of Zinjibar. Yemeni air strikes targeting suspected Al-Qaeda militants near Jaar killed two civilians and wounded three.
    (AFP, 7/2/11)
2011        Jul 2, Zimbabwean teachers said they will suspend their 11-day strike to consider the government's offer of an pay rise that fell nearly 90 percent short of their demands.
    (AFP, 7/2/11)

2011        Jul 3, A San Francisco BART officer shot and killed a man at the Civic Center Station who had used a bottle as a weapon and drew a knife on an officer.
    (SFC, 7/5/11, p.C1)
2011        Jul 3, The Erik, a 100-foot (32-meter) tourist fishing boat, capsized about 60 miles (100 km) south of the Baja California port of San Felipe. A US tourist died and 7 US tourists were missing along with one Mexican crew member.
    (AP, 7/4/11)
2011        Jul 3, In north Afghanistan a suspected militant on a motorbike threw a hand grenade at the gates of a school in Maimana, Faryab province, injuring 17 children. Police arrested the gunman.
    (AFP, 7/3/11)
2011        Jul 3, A Bangladesh court issued an arrest warrant for Tarique Rahman, a son of ex-premier Khaleda Zia, over a 2004 grenade attack that killed 24 people at an opposition rally. Rahman has been living in London since 2008.
    (AP, 7/3/11)
2011        Jul 3, Belarus blocked access to Facebook, Twitter and a major Russian social networking site in an attempt to prevent opposition protests on a national holiday. Thousands of police and special forces were deployed in the center of Minsk, the capital.
    (AP, 7/3/11)
2011        Jul 3, In Egypt the trial began of 48 people accused of involvement in deadly Muslim-Christian clashes on May 7 that left 12 people dead. Police and soldiers arrested around 50 people from the shanty town of Ezbet Abu Qarn in a drugs raid.
    (AFP, 7/3/11)(AFP, 7/5/11)
2011        Jul 3, Egypt's Nabil al-Arabi formally replaced his compatriot Amr Mussa as secretary general of the Arab League.
    (AFP, 7/3/11)
2011        Jul 3, In Indonesia the Mount Soputan volcano erupted on Sulawesi island.
    (SFC, 7/4/11, p.A2)
2011        Jul 3, In Iraq gunmen wearing police uniforms kidnapped and killed five Iraqi policemen in Anbar province, a former insurgent stronghold west of Baghdad.
    (AP, 7/3/11)
2011        Jul 3, In Italy some 45 police and carabinieri officers were injured west of Turin as demonstrators protested construction of a high-speed rail linking Italy to France. At least five people were arrested.
    (AP, 7/3/11)
2011        Jul 3, In Mexico the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) won a decisive victory in voting for governor of Mexico state, the country's most populous state. PRI also scored wins in two other states.
    (AP, 7/4/11)
2011        Jul 3, In southern Mexico unidentified gunmen killed the widow of legendary Mexican guerrilla leader Lucio Cabanas. Isabel Anaya Nava (54) was shot to death along with her sister Reyna (58) as they left a church in the community of Xaltianguis, Guerrero state. Jesus Rejon Aguilar, ranked as the #3 leader of the Zetas, was captured in Atizapan de Zaragoza, Mexico state.
    (AP, 7/3/11)(SFC, 7/5/11, p.A3)
2011        Jul 3, In Morocco thousands of pro-democracy activists protested across the country to demand more reforms two days after voters overwhelmingly approved a new constitution the king said will expand freedoms.
    (AP, 7/3/11)
2011        Jul 3, In Nigeria assailants threw a bomb at drinking spot near a police barracks in Maiduguri.  At least 8 people were killed and 15 others wounded.
    (AP, 7/4/11)
2011        Jul 3, In Syria security police reportedly shot dead two protesters in a Damascus suburb that has seen expanding protests against Pres. Assad. Armed troops returned to Hama. At least 24 people were killed in widespread demonstrations over the next 2 days.
    (Reuters, 7/4/11)(Econ, 7/9/11, p.45)
2011        Jul 3, Turkey's foreign minister visited Libya and recognized the rebel leaders as the country's legitimate representatives and promised them an additional $200 million in aid.
    (AP, 7/3/11)
2011        Jul 3, Thailand held elections. PM Abhisit Vejjajiva conceded his party lost national elections to the opposition led by Yingluck Shinawatra (44), the sister of ousted former leader Thaksin Shinawatra. Her Pheu Thai party won a majority of 265 seats in the 500-seat lower house of parliament outright. The Democrat party won 159 seats. The apparent election result paved the way for Yingluck to become Thailand's first female prime minister. An international monitoring group later said up to one million Thais were disenfranchised ahead of the kingdom's crucial recent election because of outdated lists of voters.
    (AP, 7/3/11)(AP, 7/4/11)(AFP, 7/5/11)(Econ, 7/9/11, p.23)
2011        Jul 3, In Uganda a motorized canoe left Panyimur on the Ugandan side of the 20-km-wide Lake Albert with 31 passengers aboard. It sank as it approached Mahagi on the Congolese side. In northeastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) 30 people were missing and one was rescued when a motorized boat sank on Lake Albert.
    (AFP, 7/5/11)(AFP, 7/6/11)
2011        Jul 3, A Yemeni cabinet official said Pres. Saleh, in hospital in Riyadh, will not cede power until he returns to oversee a transition. Some 15 militants and 10 soldiers were killed and dozens injured during clashes outside a military base near Zinjibar. Tribesmen have blockaded oil-producing areas of Maarib province, costing the government millions of dollars a day in lost exports and sparking a severe fuel crisis, hours-long power outages, and rocketing prices.
    (Reuters, 7/3/11)

2011        Jul 4, In Pennsylvania Mark Richard Geisenheyner (51) was killed by a SWAT team in Trainer for shooting 5 people, 2 of them fatally, a day earlier in a suburban Philadelphia home over an insurance fraud scheme.
    (SFC, 7/5/11, p.A6)
2011        Jul 4, Doctors said a test designed to spot chromosome abnormalities in eggs could be a "revolution" in fertility, helping older women determine their chances of having an in-vitro fertilization (IVF) baby.
    (AFP, 7/4/11)
2011        Jul 4, Two studies were released indicating that environmental factors may play a greater role in autism than previously thought, tipping the scale away from a strict focus on genetics.
    (Reuters, 7/5/11)
2011        Jul 4, In Afghanistan the Taliban said that British soldier Scott McLaren (21), who was reported missing, was captured by their fighters and then died in the crossfire during a battle with NATO troops in the Babaji area of Helmand province. The top Afghan commander said McLaren was found dead in a stream that ran through his military base, after apparently drowning, and his body was later shot by insurgents. A NATO service member was killed in a bomb attack in the east.
    (AP, 7/4/11)(AFP, 7/6/11)
2011        Jul 4, Around 60 Afghan militants attacked a Pakistani paramilitary checkpoint in a cross-border raid, killing one soldier and sparking a gunbattle that lasted for more than two hours. Militants used mortar and rocket fire to cover their advance into the Bajur tribal area.
    (AP, 7/4/11)
2011        Jul 4, In Algeria a policeman was killed and another wounded during a clash with armed men in the Kabylie region east of Algiers.
    (AFP, 7/4/11)
2011        Jul 4, In Burundi an armed gang raided two police posts in Bujumbura and dropped leaflets saying they were members of a rebel group called FRONABU-Tabara (Burundi National Front). Four suspects were arrested.
    (AFP, 7/6/11)
2011        Jul 4, In Egypt saboteurs bombed a gas pipeline in the Sinai peninsula, sending flames into the sky and cutting supplies to Israel and Jordan. 7 policemen charged with killing protesters were ordered released on bail. Angry families stormed a station where the suspects from Ezbet Abu Qarn were being held, triggering clashes with security forces in which an 18-year-old boy was killed.
    (AFP, 7/4/11)(AP, 7/5/11)(AFP, 7/5/11)
2011        Jul 4, An Ethiopian official said government troops have killed have 15 rebels in the country's restive east and arrested two Swedish journalists who were with them. Johan Persson and Martin Schibbye were lightly wounded in last week's clash between troops and rebels from the Ogaden National Liberation Front. On Nov 3 an Ethiopian court dropped charges of participating in terrorism against the two journalists, but they still faced accusations of supporting terrorism.
    (AP, 7/4/11)(AFP, 11/3/11)
2011        Jul 4, The European Union said it will restart food aid to North Korea after the country's repressive communist regime agreed to an unprecedented monitoring system as it suffers through its worst food crisis in years. The WFP will check delivery at every stage and pay more than 400 visits a month to distribution sites, hospitals, child-care facilities and households.
    (AP, 7/4/11)
2011        Jul 4, Otto von Habsburg (98), son of the last Austro-Hungarian emperor, died in Germany. He had become head of the House of Habsburg in 1922. In 1979 he became a member of the European Parliament.
    (Econ, 7/16/11, p.89)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Otto_von_Habsburg)
2011        Jul 4, Greek authorities detained three activists attempting to breach Israel's blockade of the Gaza Strip, after a boat set sail in defiance of a Greek ban. The "Dignite-Al Karama" left port near Athens and reached international waters. On board were eight activists and two crew members.
    (AP, 7/5/11)
2011        Jul 4, In India a group of ruling party parliamentarians and dozens of state lawmakers resigned en masse to protest the government's sluggishness in addressing their demand for the new state of Telengana to be carved out of Andhra Pradesh.
    (AP, 7/4/11)
2011        Jul 4, India's Supreme Court ordered a special investigation into undeclared money stashed in foreign bank accounts, while accusing the government of "serious lapses" in handling the issue.
    (AFP, 7/4/11)
2011        Jul 4, The Athletics Federation of India said two more of its athletes have tested positive for banned substances, taking the number to eight in the space of five days.
    (AP, 7/4/11)
2011        Jul 4, Iranian lawmaker Esmail Kosari told newspapers that 26 Americans, it believes violated human rights, would be tried in absentia and their files passed on to international tribunals. The list included former Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld, his deputy Paul Wolfowitz, and military commanders at US detention centers Abu Ghraib in Iraq and Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. State news reported that Mohammad Ali Dadkhah, a prominent human rights lawyer, was sentenced to 9 years in prison for seeking to overthrow the ruling system.
    (Reuters, 7/4/11)(SFC, 7/5/11, p.A2)
2011        Jul 4, In Iraq several insurgent attacks around the country killed seven people and wounded 14. A late night rocket attack on Baghdad's heavily fortified Green Zone killed four people and wounded 10.
    (AP, 7/4/11)
2011        Jul 4, Nigeria's secret police said it was holding over 100 leaders and members of a northern-based "dissident" group it did not name.
    (AFP, 7/5/11)
2011        Jul 4, North Koreans gathered at a massive rally in Pyongyang to denounce the conservative government of South Korean President Lee Myung-bak as a "group of unparalleled traitors."
    (AP, 7/4/11)
2011        Jul 4, In Pakistan some 28,000 people escaped Kurram in a mass exodus after the offensive was launched, with the army saying that artillery and fighter jets had swung into action to drive out "terrorists." Hundreds of Islamists held rallies in major cities to denounce a gay rights event hosted last month by the United States embassy.
    (AP, 7/5/11)(AFP, 7/4/11)
2011        Jul 4, In South Africa more than 110,000 engineers and metalworkers launched a strike to demand a 13 percent wage increase.
    (AFP, 7/5/11)
2011        Jul 4, The WWF said South Africa lost 193 rhinos in the first six months of the year, with 126 of them killed in Kruger National Park.
    (AFP, 7/4/11)
2011        Jul 4, A South Korean marine, surnamed Kim (19), killed four colleagues at a front-line base. He also wounded another marine when he opened fire at a Ganghwa Island base just south of the tense maritime border with North Korea. Kim tried unsuccessfully to kill himself by detonating a grenade after the shooting. On Jan 13, 2012, Kim was sentenced to death after a court martial.
    (AP, 7/5/11)(AP, 1/13/12)
2011        Jul 4, North and south Sudan agreed to continue negotiating outstanding issues between the two sides after southern independence on July 9.
    (AFP, 7/5/11)
2011        Jul 4, Syrian troops stormed houses in Hama as thousands of people took to the streets shouting "God is greatest," in the city which saw huge protests last week against President Bashar al-Assad.
    (Reuters, 7/4/11)
2011        Jul 4, Thailand's military eased concerns of renewed turmoil by accepting the sweeping electoral win of toppled ex-premier Thaksin Shinawatra's party, while his sister vowed to reconcile the deeply divided nation as its first female prime minister.
    (AP, 7/4/11)
2011        Jul 4, In Tunisia 2 people were killed and 24 injured when inmates set mattresses on fire during an attempted jailbreak in the central city of Kasserine.
    (AFP, 7/4/11)(AP, 7/7/11)
2011        Jul 4, Turkey froze Libya's holdings in a Turkish bank, a day after it recognized Libya's rebel leaders as the country's legitimate representatives and quietly removed its ambassador from Tripoli.
    (AP, 7/4/11)
2011        Jul 4, Venezuela's ever-theatrical President Hugo Chavez made a surprise homecoming from Cuba and declared himself "fine" despite speculation his cancer may still require lengthy treatment.
    (Reuters, 7/4/11)
2011        Jul 4, Syrian troops stormed houses in Hama as thousands of people took to the streets shouting "God is greatest," in the city which saw huge protests last week against President Bashar al-Assad. Two adults and 12-year-old Omar Khalouf were killed in Hama.
    (Reuters, 7/4/11)(SFC, 7/6/11, p.A3)

2011        Jul 5, In Arizona a monster dust storm moved through the state halting airline flights and knocking out power to nearly 10,000 people.
    (SFC, 7/7/11, p.A7)
2011        Jul 5, A bill to require California public schools to teach the historical accomplishments of gay men and lesbians passed the state Legislature on a vote of 49-25, without a single Republican supporting it.
    (Reuters, 7/5/11)
2011        Jul 5, California police killed Manuel Ramos (37), a mentally ill, homeless man, during a violent confrontation at the Fullerton Transportation Center. In September 2 police officers were charged with killing Ramos. The beating was captured on video.
    (SFC, 9/27/11, p.A9)
2011        Jul 5, Georgia Gov. Nathan Deal said award-winning gains by Atlanta students were based on widespread cheating by 178 named teachers and principals. His office released a report from the Georgia Bureau of Investigation that named 178 teachers and principals – 82 of whom confessed – in what's likely the biggest cheating scandal in US history.
    (http://tinyurl.com/3q26c6q)
2011        Jul 5, In Florida Casey Anthony (25) was found not guilty of killing her 2-year-old daughter three years ago in a case that captivated the nation as it played out on national television from the moment the toddler was reported missing. She was convicted of only four counts of lying to investigators looking into the June 16, 2008, disappearance of her daughter Caylee,  whose body was found in nearby woods six months later.
    (AP, 7/6/11)
2011        Jul 5, Edward Hastings, former artistic director of the SF-based American Conservatory Theater (1986-1992), died at his home in New Mexico.
    (SFC, 7/7/11, p.C5)
2011        Jul 5, Theodore Roszak (b.1933), American writer, died in Berkeley, Ca. His books included “The making of a Counter-Culture" (1969) and “Where the Wasteland Ends" (1972).
    (SFC, 7/13/11, p.C4)
2011        Jul 5, Cy Twombly (83), American painter, died in Rome. The Cy Twombly Gallery in Houston, designed by Renzo Piano, opened in 1995.
    (SFC, 7/6/11, p.C7)
2011        Jul 5, In Afghanistan civilians were killed during a fight between insurgents and an Afghan-led security force, which was searching for a leader of the Haqqani network. 13 people — including the Haqqani leader. Provincial authorities in southern Ghazni province said two civilians were killed and one other injured in a military incident.
    (AP, 7/7/11)(AFP, 7/7/11)
2011        Jul 5, The Bahamas banned commercial fishing of sharks, awarding protection to the more than 40 species circling the island chain that touts itself as the shark diving capital of the world. The ban applies to an estimated 243,000 square miles (630,000 square km) of water surrounding the archipelago.
    (AP, 7/6/11)
2011        Jul 5, In Manama, Bahrain, reconciliation talks between the Sunni monarchy and the Shiite opposition started for the first time since the eruption of anti-government protests.
    (AP, 7/6/11)
2011        Jul 5, British MPs said the Ministry of Defense lost track of £6.3 billion ($10.1 billion, 7 billion euros) of equipment, as they urged the Ministry of Defence to get a grip on stock control.
    (AFP, 7/5/11)
2011        Jul 5, News International acknowledged that it gave London’s Metropolitan Police a set of e-mails documenting payments from News of the World journalists in 2003 and after.
    (Econ, 7/9/11, p.53)
2011        Jul 5, Moody's said China's local government debt burden may be 3.5 trillion yuan ($540 billion) larger than auditors estimated, putting banks on the hook for deeper losses that could threaten their credit ratings.
    (Reuters, 7/5/11)
2011        Jul 5, The World Trade Organization (WTO) ruled that China's export restrictions on raw materials are illegal, upholding complaints by the US, the EU and Mexico.
    (AFP, 7/5/11)
2011        Jul 5, Denmark started a controversial plan to boost customs checks on its borders, deploying 50 additional customs officers at crossings with Germany and Sweden.
    (AP, 7/5/11)
2011        Jul 5, An Egyptian court acquitted three Hosni Mubarak-era ministers of corruption charges while finding a fourth guilty in absentia. Judge Mohammed Fathi Sadek found not guilty Ahmed Maghrabi, Yousef Boutros-Ghali and Anas el-Fiqqi, former ministers of housing, finance and information, respectively. The court found former Trade Minister Rachid Mohammed Rachid and two businessmen guilty of squandering public funds and profiteering. Rachid and one of the businessmen were sentenced in absentia to five years in prison.
    (AP, 7/5/11)
2011        Jul 5, The EU announced action against Egyptian bean and seed imports, after tests indicated that a 15-ton batch of Egyptian fenugreek seeds imported in 2009 to Germany and then distributed elsewhere was at the root of an E.coli outbreak that killed 50 people.
    (AFP, 7/14/11)
2011        Jul 5, French author Tristane Banon (31) filed charges of attempted rape against former IMF chief Dominique Strauss-Kahn. The incident took place in 2003. She had first recounted the incident on a 2007 TV show. The charges were dismissed on Oct 13 due to a 3-year statute of limitations.
    (SFC, 7/6/11, p.A5)(SFC, 10/14/11, p.A2)
2011        Jul 5, In Greece Pro-Palestinian activists from an international flotilla banned from setting sail for Gaza by Greek authorities occupied the Spanish Embassy in Athens.
    (AFP, 7/5/11)
2011        Jul 5, In Guatemala  Fernando Marroquin, a San Jose Pinula mayoral candidate, was arrested in Antigua. His rival Enrique Ovalle was gunned down in a car on June 11. Five days later Enrique Dardon, another mayoral candidate, was shot to death in a barber shop. Ballistic evidence implicating two of Marroquin's workers.
    (AP, 7/6/11)
2011        Jul 5, Police in India arrested a man suspected of killing his 20-year-old daughter, Mukesh, in an apparent "honor killing" after she walked out on an arranged marriage with a man 25 years her senior. She had apparently fled her husband's home in the north Indian state of Haryana and refused to return to him.
    (AFP, 7/5/11)
2011        Jul 5, In Iraq double blasts from a car bomb and a roadside bombing at a parking lot outside the Taji city council building north of Baghdad killed 37 people with 54 wounded. On July 19 the Islamic State of Iraq said in a statement posted on its website that it was behind the double bombings in Taji.
    (AP, 7/5/11)(SFC, 7/6/11, p.A2)(AP, 7/19/11)
2011        Jul 5, Israeli Defense Minister Ehud Barak called off the impending transfer of the remains of 84 Palestinian militants from an Israeli grave site to the West Bank — just hours after the military confirmed the planned handover. Israeli aircraft fired at Gaza militants about to launch rockets at Israel, killing two.
    (AP, 7/5/11)(SFC, 7/6/11, p.A4)
2011        Jul 5, Jamaica said it has shuttered all citrus nurseries in an attempt to check the spread of bacteria causing the incurable “citrus greening" disease. The bacteria has hobbled citrus production in parts of China and infested millions of trees in Florida and Brazil.
    (SFC, 7/6/11, p.A2)
2011        Jul 5, In Libya shelling by forces loyal to Moamer Kadhafi killed 11 people and wounded dozens more, the majority civilians, around the besieged rebel enclave of Misrata.
    (AFP, 7/5/11)
2011        Jul 5, In Mauritania al-Qaida militants attacked a military base in the town of Bassiknou and then fled towards Mali. On July 7 the army said 6 militants were killed with no casualties on the Mauritanian side. The militants said that they had killed 20 soldiers in an ambush late last month in the Wagadou region of Mali. Mauritanian officials said 15 militants and two soldiers were killed.
    (AP, 7/6/11)(AP, 7/7/11)
2011        Jul 5, An appeals judges ruled that the Netherlands was responsible for the deaths of three Bosnian Muslim men slain by Serbs during the 1995 Srebrenica massacre, ordering the Dutch government to compensate the men's relatives.
    (AP, 7/5/11)
2011        Jul 5, In Nigeria 11 people were killed and 30 rescued when a four-storey building collapsed in the central business district of Lagos.
    (AFP, 7/6/11)(AFP, 7/16/11)
2011        Jul 5, Nine Pakistani soldiers were killed in attacks targeting troops in the militant-infested tribal badlands near Afghanistan and further south on the border with Iran. A bomb attack in Miranshah killed three troops and wounded another 15.
    (AFP, 7/5/11)(AFP, 7/6/11)
2011        Jul 5, In the Philippines Darcy Hans Rentenberg (53), a retired Canadian missionary, was reported missing 10 days after he left his flat in nearby Mandaue city. On July 16 police said they had found his body and arrested a family-of-three who owned the farm where the corpse was buried.
    (AP, 7/16/11)
2011        Jul 5, Moody’s Investor Service cut Portugal’s debt to junk status, a decision condemned by all of Europe. Europe Central Bank pres. Jean-Claude Trichet called for a European-based rating agency.
    (SSFC, 7/10/11, p.A4)
2011        Jul 5, Sudanese journalist Fatima Ghazali was jailed for a month, and her editor fined, for publishing reports on the alleged rape of Safiya Ishaq, a female opposition activist, by security force personnel after her arrest in Khartoum last February.
    (AFP, 7/6/11)
2011        Jul 5, A boat caught fire of Sudan’s northeastern coast and almost 200 African migrants, on their way to Saudi Arabia, were feared drowned. 3 migrants were rescued.
    (SFC, 7/6/11, p.A2)
2011        Jul 5, Syrian troops fired on residents who set up makeshift roadblocks to prevent the advance of tanks ringing the city of Hama. The London-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said 14 people were killed in Hama. Another group, the National Organization for Human Rights in Syria said, as many as 22 people were shot dead and more than 80 wounded.
    (AP, 7/5/11)(AP, 7/6/11)
2011        Jul 5, The UN High Commission for Refugees said persistent violence compounded by a serious drought have forced 54,000 Somalis to flee in June, bringing the total number of displaced Somalis to a quarter of the country's population.
    (AFP, 7/5/11)
2011        Jul 5, Yemeni state news said at least 40 militants have been killed in two days of air strikes and clashes with government forces. Authorities arrested the head of a Shiite opposition party, Hassan Zaid, at Sanaa airport as he was headed for the Saudi city of Jeddah. 4 civilians and 6 gunmen were killed in a series of air raids that targeted extremists who have taken control of most of Yemen's southern city of Zinjibar, where the home of the deputy head of the parliament, Mohammed Ali al-Shadadi, was hit by an air strike that killed three family members and injured seven. 4 fighters were killed in an air raid that targeted them in the nearby town of Jaar. Another raid on the road linking Jaar to Zinjibar killed two other militants.
    (AFP, 7/5/11)(SFC, 7/6/11, p.A3)

2011        Jul 6, A US federal appeals court ordered a halt to the armed forces policy of discharging openly gay service members.
    (SFC, 7/7/11, p.A6)
2011        Jul 6, US and Mexican officials signed an agreement allowing each country’s trucks to traverse the other’s highways implementing a key provision in the 1994 North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).
    (SFC, 7/7/11, p.A4)
2011        Jul 6, SF Giants management dismissed payroll manager Robin O’Connor (41) after she admitted to diverting over $608 thousand to her personal bank account. Further reviews found that she had diverted over $1.5 million to her own accounts since June, 2010. On March 26, 2012, O’Connor admitted embezzling $2.2 million and was sentenced to 21 months in federal prison.
    (SFC, 8/31/11, p.A1)(SFC, 3/27/12, p.C2)
2011        Jul 6, In Maryland the FBI arrested Mohammad Hassan Khalid (18), a high school honors student and legal immigrant from Pakistan, at his home near Baltimore for helping Colleen LaRose, aka “Jihad Jane," plot to kill Swedish artist Lars Vilks. LaRose (48) pleaded guilty this year to 4 federal charges. On May 4, 2012, Khalid pleaded guilty to helping LaRose. On April 17, 2014 Khalid was sentenced to five years in prison.
    (SFC, 10/21/11, p.A11)(SFC, 5/4/12, p.A5)(SFC, 4/18/14, p.A7)
2011        Jul 6, In Wisconsin the dead bodies of 3- and 4-year-old Wisconsin brothers were found in a parked car and the boyfriend of the children's mother was arrested.
    (AP, 7/6/11)
2011        Jul 6, In Wyoming a female grizzly bear attacked and killed a man who encountered the bruin and her cubs while he was hiking with his wife in Yellowstone National Park.
    (Reuters, 7/6/11)
2011        Jul 6, Wells Fargo & Co. agreed to pay $125 million to settle accusations by investors that the bank misled them about the risks of mortgage-backed securities it sold in 2005-2006.
    (SFC, 7/8/11, p.D6)
2011        Jul 6, Six Afghan policemen and a civilian were killed when their car drove over a landmine in the southern province of Uruzgan. Taliban fighters attacked several border police checkpoints killing nearly 2 dozen officers in Nuristan province. A NATO patrol came under fire in Khost province and an air strike was called in. 3 women and 6 children were killed along with 4 insurgents. NATO acknowledged that civilians were killed.
    (AFP, 7/7/11)(SFC, 7/7/11, p.A2)(SFC, 7/8/11, p.A4)
2011        Jul 6, In Afghanistan an Azerbaijani cargo plane carrying supplies for the Afghan NATO mission crashed into treacherous mountains killing all nine crew on board outside Kabul. The nine crew were from Azerbaijan and Uzbekistan. The plane was operated by private Azerbaijani airline Silk Way.
    (AFP, 7/6/11)
2011        Jul 6, Australia announced it would lift a ban on live cattle exports to Indonesia and resume trade with additional safeguards in place to address animal cruelty concerns.
    (AFP, 7/6/11)
2011        Jul 6, Human Rights Watch accused Bahrain of carrying out a "campaign of violent oppression" against its citizens and called for an end to abuses.
    (AFP, 7/6/11)
2011        Jul 6, In Bangladesh dozens of people, including a senior opposition figure, were injured during violent protests as an anti-government strike shut down the country for the second time in four days.
    (AFP, 7/6/11)
2011        Jul 6, Belarus police attacked peaceful protesters detaining hundreds in the latest series of rallies calling for the ouster of Pres. Lukashenko.
    (SFC, 7/7/11, p.A2)
2011        Jul 6, Brazil's Transportation Minister, Alfredo Nascimento, resigned amid a scandal over an alleged kickback scheme in his office.
    (AP, 7/6/11)
2011        Jul 6, British PM David Cameron confirmed that the UK will withdraw 500 troops from Afghanistan by the end of 2012.
    (AP, 7/6/11)
2011        Jul 6, Britain's tabloid phone hacking scandal dominated the airways as it swelled to allegedly involve more missing schoolgirls and the families of London terror victims. Lawmakers held an emergency debate, companies hastily pulled their ads and the prime minister demanded two new inquiries.
    (AP, 7/6/11)
2011        Jul 6, The People's Bank of China announced it was raising its benchmark rate for one-year loans by 0.25 percentage points to 6.56 percent to keep a lid on rising inflation levels.
    (AP, 7/6/11)
2011        Jul 6, The UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) said the Lord's Resistance Army forces killed 26 civilians in the Democratic Republic of Congo in June alone.
    (AFP, 7/7/11)
2011        Jul 6, In Egypt hundreds of protesters pelted the security headquarters in the city of Suez with rocks, angered by a court's decision to uphold the release of seven policemen facing trials for allegedly killing 17 protesters in Suez during Egypt's uprising. In a bid to defuse rising anger, the Interior Ministry announced that hundreds of high-ranking police officers will be sacked for their role in the harsh crackdown.
    (AP, 7/6/11)
2011        Jul 6, The EU Parliament passed a resolution calling for EU-wide legislation stipulating that at least 40% of seats on listed companies’ supervisory boards be reserved for women by the year 2020.
    (Econ, 7/23/11, p.61)
2011        Jul 6, French police arrested ETA suspect Daniel Derguy on terrorism charges in Cahors.
    (AFP, 7/7/11)
2011        Jul 6, A Georgian court in the Black Sea port of Batumi convicted a Russian citizen and eight Georgians of espionage and gave them prison sentences ranging from 11 to 14 years.
    (AP, 7/7/11)
2011        Jul 6, Police in India arrested 2 men in a Mumbai suburb with weapons. They allegedly belonged to the Indian Mujahideen (IM), an Islamist group behind eight attacks.
    (Econ, 7/16/11, p.42)
2011        Jul 6, In Iraq two police officers were killed in a suicide bombing outside a car dealership in al-Hedaid, just outside Baqouba, Diyala province. Authorities uncovered a mass grave with 900 corpses near the central city of Diwaniyah, believed to be Kurds killed during the rule of ousted dictator Saddam Hussein.
    (AP, 7/6/11)(AFP, 7/6/11)
2011        Jul 6, In Italy a military court in Verona convicted 9 former Nazi soldiers in the deaths of over 140 civilians in massacres in the Apennine mountains in the spring of 1944. The defendants were sentenced to life in prison.
    (SFC, 7/7/11, p.A2)
2011        Jul 6, Libyan rebels launched a promised assault on a key gateway to Tripoli, attacking government positions just 50 km (30 miles) from the capital. Rebel forces moved into Qawalish (Gualish) and Kikla. 18 fighters were killed and about 30 were injured as fighters seized Al-Qawalish. Another group advanced to within 13 km of the center of the town of Zlitan. 2 civilians, including a 12-year-old girl, were killed when a rocket hit their Misrata house.
    (AFP, 7/6/11)(AP, 7/6/11)(Reuters, 7/7/11)
2011        Jul 6, Nepalese authorities prevented exiled Tibetans from celebrating their spiritual leader the Dalai Lama's birthday over concerns that gatherings would turn anti-Chinese.
    (AP, 7/6/11)
2011        Jul 6, In Nigeria 3 soldiers were injured when a bomb hit a military checkpoint near a food market in Maiduguri where attacks by suspected Islamist radicals have killed dozens. Ali Modu Sheriff, a former governor of northern Borno state (2003-2011), sent an apology to Boko Haram over his role in the brutal military crackdown on the radical Islamist sect. Last week, ex-governor of neighboring Gombe State Danjuma Goje, now a senator, and Bauchi State Governor Isa Yuguda, in separate statements apologized to Boko Haram for any role they might have played in rights violations against its members during the uprising. The sect has demanded a public apology as part of condition for a truce with the government. Gunmen suspected of being members of an Islamist sect raided a police station overnight in the northern state of Bauchi, stealing weapons.
    (AFP, 7/6/11)(AFP, 7/7/11)
2011        Jul 6, Pakistani troops backed by attack helicopters clashed with Taliban fighters in Miranshah, North Waziristan. A night of political violence left 24 people dead in Karachi. Hundreds of militants crossed from Afghanistan and attacked several Pakistani border villages, triggering shootouts with local militias that killed at least 5 people.
    (AFP, 7/6/11)(AP, 7/6/11)
2011        Jul 6, Somalia’s Shebab rebels appealed for help for thousands of people devastated by a severe drought that has hit the Horn of Africa region, saying they would allow aid through to their fiefdoms.
    (AFP, 7/17/11)
2011        Jul 6, In Santiago de Compostela, Spain, the 12th century Calixtinus Codex was reported missing from a strongbox in the cathedral's archive room. The codex is considered the first guide for people making the ancient Christian pilgrimage known as the Camino de Santiago, the Spanish name for the Way of St. James. There were no signs of a break-in. Police believed it was taken the previous week. On Feb 18, 2015, a court convicted Jose Manuel Fernandez Castineiras, a former cathedral electrician, of theft and money laundering and sentenced him to ten years in prison.
    (AP, 7/8/11)(AP, 2/18/15)
2011        Jul 6, In Syria security forces detained dozens of men in the town of Dumair near Damascus. Amnesty International said that Syrian security forces may have committed war crimes during a deadly siege of an opposition town in May, citing witness accounts of deaths in custody, torture and arbitrary detention.
    (AP, 7/6/11)
2011        Jul 6, In Yemen clashes between security forces and Islamist fighters near a southern town left seven militants dead along with one soldier near Zinjibar. Two soldiers were also killed in clashes with armed tribesmen near the opposition stronghold of Taiz. Suspected Al-Qaeda militants killed 10 soldiers in an ambush north of the city of Loder, Abyan province.
    (AP, 7/6/11)(AFP, 7/7/11)
2011        Jul 6, Zimbabwe's two main political parties agreed to a timeline for reforms that will pave the way for fresh elections, but no date for the polls was set.
    (AFP, 7/7/11)

2011        Jul 7, In Michigan Rodrick Shonte Dantzler (34) killed seven people in a bloody rampage that ended when he shot himself in the head during a hostage standoff with police. Police said Dantzler had targeted two former girlfriends.
    (Reuters, 7/7/11)(SFC, 7/9/11, p.A5)
2011        Jul 7, In Texas Humberto Leal (38), a Mexican national, was executed for the rape-slaying of a teenager after the US Supreme Court turned down an appeal to spare him that was supported by Mexico and the White House. He was sentenced to death for the 1994 murder of 16-year-old Adria Sauceda.
    (AP, 7/8/11)
2011        Jul 7, In Wyoming Everett E. Conant III opened fire inside a mobile home in Wheatland killing his three sons and a brother. His wife was wounded.    He surrendered without incident and was charged with first-degree murder, attempted first-degree murder, battery and a weapons violation.
    (AP, 7/9/11)
2011        Jul 7, Rupert Murdoch caused astonishment when he killed off the 168-year-old News of the World after it was dogged by allegations that it hacked the voicemails of a teenage murder victim and the families of dead soldiers. This was widely seen as a way to quell the scandal and save the bid by his News Corp. for control of the satellite broadcaster BSkyB, on which the British government is due to decide.
    (AFP, 7/8/11)
2011        Jul 7, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed 8 Afghan policemen on a patrol in the northern district of Fayz Abad. A NATO service member died as a result of a non-battle related injury in the south. In the east a NATO helicopter crashed in Parnwan province, but the crew was recovered. Up to 13 civilians, mostly women and children, were killed in a NATO air strike in the eastern province of Khost.
    (AP, 7/7/11)(AFP, 7/7/11)
2011        Jul 7, British officers arrested Eneko Gogeaskoetxea Arronategui (44), a suspected Basque separatist, in connection with a 1997 attempted assassination of Spain's King Juan Carlos. The arrest came a day after the arrest of ETA suspect Daniel Derguy on terrorism charges in Cahors, France.
    (AFP, 7/7/11)
2011        Jul 7, Canada formally ended its combat mission in Afghanistan after years of being on the front lines of the fight against Taliban insurgents in the south.
    (AP, 7/7/11)
2011        Jul 7, In Canada Richard Oland (69), part of the family that owns Moosehead Breweries, was found dead in a pool of blood in his office. His body bore numerous stab and blunt-force wounds to the head, neck and hands. Police said his son was the last person to see him alive.
    (AFP, 12/20/15)
2011        Jul 7, Ash from a Chilean volcano grounded flights across much of South America again, disrupting travel for thousands of people just as the continent's premier football tournament got going in Argentina.
    (AP, 7/7/11)
2011        Jul 7, In China 4 miners were killed in a gas explosion in a mine in the western-most Xinjiang region. The death toll in a mine that flooded on July 2 in Guangxi province rose to four, with 18 still trapped. In eastern Shandong province, the number of miners trapped in a coal mine in Zaozhuang city dropped to 28 following a fire the previous evening. 23 miners remained trapped in a coal mine in southwest Guizhou province that also flooded on July 2.
    (AFP, 7/7/11)
2011        Jul 7, A CongoDRC colonel known as Kifaru, accused of mass rapes last June in volatile eastern Congo, surrendered with 106 others.
    (AP, 7/8/11)
2011        Jul 7, Georgian President Mikhail Saakashvili's personal photographer was arrested on suspicion of espionage, along with his wife and two other photographers.
    (AP, 7/7/11)
2011        Jul 7, In northern India a train hit a stopped bus at a railway crossing, killing at least 35 people returning from a wedding party in Uttar Pradesh state.
    (AP, 7/7/11)
2011        Jul 7, In Iraq a roadside bomb killed 2 US soldiers outside the main American military base in Baghdad.
    (SFC, 7/8/11, p.A2)
2011        Jul 7, An Israeli tank hit a roadside bomb that was planted by Palestinian militants along the border with the Hamas-run Gaza Strip. A soldier was slightly injured in the incident.
    (AP, 7/7/11)
2011        Jul 7, Ivory Coast's government named Gen. Soumaila Bakayoko, a former rebel leader, as the new army chief, replacing Gen. Philippe Mangou, who served under the former strongman Laurent Gbagbo.
    (AP, 7/7/11)
2011        Jul 7, Kenya police tear gassed several hundred protesters marching toward the offices of Kenya's president and prime minister to demand action over a growing hunger crisis.
    (AP, 7/7/11)
2011        Jul 7, Lebanese lawmakers voted to approve the newly formed Hezbollah-dominated Cabinet after a contentious debate over the government's position in confronting the Islamic militant group.
    (AP, 7/7/11)
2011        Jul 7, A senior Libyan official accused NATO of intensifying its bombing campaign and backing foreign mercenaries to lay the groundwork for an advance by rebels.
    (AP, 7/7/11)
2011        Jul 7, In Libya the International Organization for Migration (IOM) began an operation to return home around 2,000 Chadian migrants, mostly women and children, trapped in Libya.
    (AP, 7/9/11)
2011        Jul 7, In Malaysia a man carrying a machete barged into a kindergarten and held children and teachers hostage for six tense hours before police shot him in the head. The unidentified man was in hospital after sustaining a single bullet wound to the head.
    (AP, 7/7/11)
2011        Jul 7, Mexican judges convicted four men, Juan Alfredo Soto, Aldo Fabio Hernandez, Jose Dolores Arroyo and Heriberto Martinez, of killing 15 people in the Jan 30, 2010, Ciudad Juarez attack, known as the Villa Salvarcar massacre. The attack prompted President Felipe Calderon to alter the government's anti-drug strategy in the area. On July 11 the 4 men were each sentenced to 240 years in prison.
    (AP, 7/7/11)(AP, 7/11/11)
2011        Jul 7, In Mexico’s western state of Michoacan presumed drug gang members shot at federal officers, who repelled the attack and killed four alleged criminals and wounded another in the city of Apatzingan. Police said the gunmen were members of the Knights Templar, a criminal organization that split off from La Familia cartel.
    (AP, 7/7/11)
2011        Jul 7, In the Netherlands a large section of the roof of a soccer stadium collapsed during off-season construction work in Enschede, killing one person and leaving 10 hospitalized.
    (AP, 7/7/11)
2011        Jul 7, In Nigeria motorcycles were completely banned in the northeastern city of Maiduguri, wracked by violence blamed on the Boko Haram Islamist sect.
    (AFP, 7/8/11)
2011        Jul 7, In Pakistan gunmen shot up a bus and opened fire in several neighborhoods of Karachi, killing at least 22 people. 49 other people were killed in the city in sporadic shootings over the last 3 days.
    (AP, 7/7/11)(SFC, 7/8/11, p.A2)
2011        Jul 7, Ricardo Alegria (90), a Puerto Rican scholar, died. He was known for his pioneering studies of the island's native Taino culture and is credited with preserving the capital's colonial district.
    (AP, 7/7/11)
2011        Jul 7, Swedish officials said a man (36) with tracheal cancer has received a new lab-made wind pipe seeded with his own stem cells in the first successful attempt of its kind.
    (SFC, 7/8/11, p.A2)
2011        Jul 7, Syrian protesters hurled stones and set roadblocks of burning tires against government forces trying to enter Hama, a key opposition city, where Syrian troops had killed 23 civilians since July 5. Around a hundred families fled Hama fearing a military crackdown.
    (AP, 7/7/11)(AFP, 7/7/11)
2011        Jul 7, In Turkmenistan a series of mysterious blasts severely damaged hundreds of houses in the town of Abadan, 12 miles (20 km) from the capital, Ashgabat. Exiled Turkmen activists said a munitions dump was the source of the blast and that many people have been killed.
    (AP, 7/8/11)
2011        Jul 7, Yemen’s Pres. Saleh appeared on state TV late in the day, a first since flying to Saudi Arabia a month ago to treat wounds sustained in an attack on his palace. The video showed the leader with casts on his arms and visibly weakened after a series of operations, reinforcing speculation that he won't return to Yemen soon.
    (AP, 7/9/11)

2011        Jul 8, US health officials confirmed the death of an Arizona man from the same E. coli bacteria blamed for an outbreak in Germany. He had visited Germany and died last month.
    (SFC, 7/9/11, p.A5)
2011        Jul 8, US health officials confirmed the death of an Arizona man from the same E. coli bacteria blamed for an outbreak in Germany. He had visited Germany and died last month.
    (SFC, 7/9/11, p.A5)
2011        Jul 8, At Cape Canaveral, Florida, Atlantis and four astronauts rocketed into orbit on NASA's last space shuttle voyage. 30 mice were also onboard to test a bone-loss drug in a project directed by Amgen and collaborator UCB SA in Brussels.
    (AP, 7/8/11)(SFC, 7/9/11, p.D4)
2011        Jul 8, In Illinois Carolyn Towns (51), former director of a Chicago area cemetery, pleaded guilty to a scheme of digging up bodies and reselling plots at the Burr Oak Cemetery. She was sentenced to 12 years in prison.
    (SFC, 7/9/11, p.A5)
2011        Jul 8, Former first lady Betty Ford (93) died. Her triumph over drug and alcohol addiction became a beacon of hope for addicts and the inspiration for her Betty Ford Center (1982) in California.
    (AP, 7/9/11)(Econ, 7/23/11, p.84)
2011        Jul 8, A 225-page international review showing wide variances of Internet freedom gave Finland the best marks for making citizens' access to a broadband connection a legal right. The report was presented at OSCE headquarters in Vienna.
    (AP, 7/8/11)
2011        Jul 8, Brazil's Supreme Court said a prosecutor has filed charges against Jose Dirceu, a former top presidential aide, and 36 other people in a 2005 cash-for-votes scandal that rocked the government of then-President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva.
    (AP, 7/8/11)
2011        Jul 8, Britain’s PM David Cameron said he would establish a full public inquiry led by a judge into the News of the World scandal. London's Metropolitan Police arrested Andy Coulson (43), Cameron's ex-media chief, "in connection with allegations of corruption and phone hacking." Coulson was editor of Britain's biggest-selling Sunday newspaper from 2003 to 2007. Police also re-arrested Clive Goodman (53), the News of the World's former royal editor, who was jailed in 2007 for hacking the voicemails of Princes William and Harry.
    (AFP, 7/8/11)
2011        Jul 8, In Canada a federal appeals court ruled that an illegal immigrant has no right to free medical intervention of ongoing health care.
    (SSFC, 7/10/11, p.A4)
2011        Jul 8, In Colombia President Juan Manuel Santos asked for forgiveness from victims and survivors of a 2000 massacre by right-wing paramilitaries that is considered one of the bloodiest chapters in Colombia's long internal conflict. A report from the National Commission of Reparation and Reconciliation says at least 60 people were killed in the town of El Salado in northern Bolivar province between Feb. 16 and Feb. 21, 2000.
    (AP, 7/8/11)
2011        Jul 8, In CongoDRC a Hewa Bora Airways plane crashed in a thunderstorm as it was attempting to land in Kisangani airport, killing at least 48 people, and leaving a dozen or more buried in the wreckage. 53 passengers survived.
    (AP, 7/8/11)
2011        Jul 8, Egyptians held one of their biggest protests in months as tens of thousands took to the streets in Cairo and other cities to demand justice for victims of Hosni Mubarak's regime and press the country's new military rulers for a clear plan on transition to democracy.
    (AP, 7/8/11)
2011        Jul 8, French police investigated a train robbery on the outskirts of Marseille in which a group of youths held up a passenger train and robbed a freight train following behind.
    (SFC, 7/9/11, p.A2)
2011        Jul 8, In India heavy monsoon rains caused a stone wall to collapse, killing 10 construction workers, on the outskirts of Mumbai.
    (AP, 7/8/11)
2011        Jul 8, In Iraq a roadside bombing west of Baghdad killed two Iraqi army officers.
    (AP, 7/8/11)
2011        Jul 8, Hundreds of pro-reform Jordanians demonstrated in Amman and other cities, demanding the resignation of the government nearly a week after Prime Minister Maaruf Bakhit reshuffled his cabinet.
    (AFP, 7/8/11)
2011        Jul 8, Andris Berzins (b.1944) took office as president of Latvia.
    (Econ, 7/30/11, p.49)(http://tinyurl.com/6l7gnlx)
2011        Jul 8, Thousands of Libyans poured into Tripoli's main square for mass prayers and a rally in support of Moammar Gadhafi. Rebels battled to within two km (one mile) of the center of Zliten town with the loss of five dead and 17 wounded. NATO struck targets in several areas, including tanks, rocket launching sites, artillery pieces, military storage facilities and command and control centers. 4 boats carrying about 1,000 migrants fleeing the conflict arrived on the Italian island of Lampedusa.
    (AP, 7/8/11)(AFP, 7/9/11)
2011        Jul 8, In Mexico the bodies of 10 men and a woman who had been shot with high-powered rifles were found piled near a water well on the outskirts of Mexico City. A survivor later said  victims were kidnapped two days earlier in a bar by members of the Knights Templar. At least 20 people were killed in a bar massacre in the northern city of Monterrey when riflemen opened fire on the clientele and employees.
    (AP, 7/8/11)(AP, 7/9/11)(AP, 7/11/11)
2011        Jul 8, Pakistan officials said that a four-day air and ground offensive against militants in a key tribal district had left 42 enemy fighters and eight soldiers dead on the Afghan border. The government ordered 1,000 extra troops to deploy in Karachi with instructions to shoot-to-kill. At least 80 people have been killed since July 6 in the deadliest six months of political violence since 1995. Security forces had already arrested 89 suspects over the killings.
    (AFP, 7/8/11)(AP, 7/8/11)
2011        Jul 8, Scores of pro-Palestinian activists trying to reach Tel Aviv, as part of a coordinated protest, were blocked at European airports. 6 activists who managed to land were deported as Israel moved to defuse the mass arrival envisioned by organizers.
    (AP, 7/8/11)
2011        Jul 8, In Sri Lanka a magistrate agreed to a police request to detain a British citizen of Sri Lankan origin accused of causing "disrepute to the country and the army by providing alleged videos to Britain's Channel 4 television" for its documentary "Sri Lanka's Killing Fields."
    (AFP, 7/9/11)
2011        Jul 8, Tens of thousands of Syrians carrying olive branches and shouting for the downfall of President Bashar Assad's regime streamed into the flashpoint city of Hama. US and French ambassadors traveled to Hama a day earlier and left today before the protests began. Security forces killed three protesters in Maaret al-Numan, a town on the highway linking Damascus, the capital, with Syria's largest city, Aleppo. Two other people were killed in Damascus' central neighborhood of Midan and in the nearby town of Dumari. Activists said the crackdown killed at least 13 people.
    (AP, 7/8/11)(AP, 7/9/11)
2011        Jul 8, In Yemen President Ali Abdullah Saleh's supporters opened fire, killing at least 11 people after their leader's first television appearance since his injury last month. 5 people died from gunshots in the capital Sanaa, 4 in the town of Ibb, and at least 2 others elsewhere.
    (AP, 7/8/11)
2011        Jul 8, Zambian President Rupiah Banda opened the country's largest coal mine, after Singapore's Nava Bharat took over majority shares and invested $750 million (525 million euros) at the once defunct state entity.
    (AFP, 7/8/11)

2011        Jul 9, In Maryland Barry Landau’s assistant Jason Savedoff (24) was caught stealing documents for the Maryland Historical Society in Baltimore. Multiple searches of Landau's NYC West 57th Avenue apartment by the FBI turned up thousands more documents. In 2012 Landau was sentenced to 7 years in prison.
    (SFC, 5/15/13, p.A6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barry_Landau)
2011        Jul 9, The Afghan defense ministry said military officials from Pakistan and Afghanistan have agreed to hold more high-level talks to defuse a row over a series of attacks across their porous border. Four Taliban fighters were killed in daylong fighting in Ghazni province. In central Uruzgan province, a raid on insurgents sparked fighting that left 10 militants and three Afghan police officers dead.
    (AFP, 7/9/11)(AP, 7/10/11)
2011        Jul 9, An Afghan guard, Amanullah, opened fire at a NATO-escorted reconstruction convoy after an argument, killing a service member and a civilian working for the coalition before being killed by return fire. Amanullah worked as a bodyguard for the second-ranking official in Afghanistan's intelligence service, Gen. Assam Din Assam, the deputy director for National Directorate for Security.
    (AP, 7/9/11)
2011        Jul 9, Argentine singer Facundo Cabral (b.1937), one of Latin America's most admired folk singers, was killed in Guatemala when three carloads of gunmen ambushed the vehicle in which he was riding. By 1970 became internationally known through his song "No soy de aqui ni alla" (I'm Not From Here Nor There). Authorities later said the target of the attack was Nicaraguan businessman Henry Farinas, who was driving the singer to the airport when they were ambushed.
    (AP, 7/9/11)(AP, 7/31/11)
2011        Jul 9, British author Alan Shadrake (76), who spent five weeks in Singapore’s new Changi Prison for contempt after publishing a book questioning executions in the city-state, was deported to London, hours after being released.
    (AFP, 7/9/11)
2011        Jul 9, In Colombia nearly simultaneous attacks in three towns killed three people and wounded more than 20. President Manuel Santos blamed the FARC rebel group.
    (AP, 7/9/11)
2011        Jul 9, Prosecutor in Egypt's second city Alexandria ordered the arrest of 12 police officers accused of torturing to death Sayed Belal, a Salafi fundamentalist and suspect in a deadly New Year's church attack. PM Essam Sharaf pledged to meet the demands of protesters with a series of measures. Sharaf soon called for Interior Minister Mansour el-Issawi to fire 400 police officers accused of killing protesters. El-Issawi balked saying firing them would be illegal.
    (AFP, 7/9/11)(AFP, 7/10/11)(SFC, 7/12/11, p.A3)
2011        Jul 9, In Georgia Irakli Gedenidze, Zurab Kurtsikidze and another photographer were charged with espionage. Natia Gedenidze was released without charge. Gedenidze, the personal photographer to the Georgian president, confessed to giving another photographer, Zurab Kurtsikidze, details of the president's itinerary, motorcade route and offices for unspecified remuneration.
    (AP, 7/9/11)
2011        Jul 9, An Indian wildlife official said 3 wild elephants were electrocuted after they toppled a high-tension electricity line near Dudhwa National Park, Uttar Pradesh state.
    (AFP, 7/9/11)
2011        Jul 9, In Italy a Milan court ordered Fininivest, one of PM Berlusconi’s family holding companies, to pay $798 million as compensation for corrupt activities in a takeover battle.
    (SSFC, 7/10/11, p.A6)
2011        Jul 9, Malaysian police fired tear gas and detained hundreds of activists as more than 20,000 demonstrators massed across Kuala Lumpur demanding electoral reforms in the country's biggest political rally in years. Police said that they detained 1,667 people in a clampdown called "Operation Erase Bersih," referring to the Bersih coalition of civic groups that organized the rally.
    (AP, 7/9/11)
2011        Jul 9, In Mexico 10 people were found dead in various parts of the northern city of Torreon, where the Zetas fought the Sinaloa cartel headed by Joaquin "El Chapo" Guzman. Federal police killed three more riflemen after confronting them on a highway where they were trying to pull motorists out of their cars in Michoacan state.
    (AP, 7/10/11)
2011        Jul 9, Mexican federal police captured Armando Villareal Heredia (33), a US-born drug lieutenant. He had joined the Tijuana cartel after a crackdown on the notorious Arellano Felix brothers caused the group to splinter and emerge with a younger leadership.
    (AP, 7/12/11)
2011        Jul 9, Interpol, at the request of the Netherlands-based Special Tribunal for Lebanon, issued its highest-level international alerts against four Hezbollah men indicted in the 2005 slaying of Lebanon's former prime minister.
    (AP, 7/9/11)
2011        Jul 9, Nigerian special military forces in Niger Delta arrested four suspects after troops raided sites where stolen oil was illegally being "refined." More than 1,000 the sites were destroyed during the operation. At least 25 people, including a 13-year-old boy, were killed during a military and police operation against a radical Muslim sect in Maiduguri. Security forces launched a search operation after two suspected members threw two homemade bombs at patrol cars from a moving bus. The blasts wounded five soldiers.
    (AFP, 7/9/11)(AP, 7/10/11)(AFP, 7/15/11)
2011        Jul 9, Pakistani forces regained control over trouble spots in Karachi, the nation's largest city, where five days of political and ethnic violence killed at least 93 people and forced many to stay at home in fear. Many of the killings appeared linked to political and ethnic turf battles.
    (AP, 7/9/11)
2011        Jul 9, In Singapore a rally for electoral reform in Kuala Lumpur led to the arrest of over 1,600 people.
    (Econ, 7/16/11, p.46)
2011        Jul 9, South Sudan raised the flag of its new nation for the first time, as thousands of South Sudanese citizens and dozens of international dignitaries swarmed the new country capital of Juba to celebrate the country's birth. Salva Kiir was sworn in as South Sudan's president. South Sudan expected to become the 193rd country recognized by the United Nations next week and the 54th UN member state in Africa.
    (AP, 7/9/11)
2011        Jul 9, Human Rights Watch, in a report citing defectors from President Bashar Assad's regime, said Syrian commanders have told security forces they were fighting terrorists and ordered them to open fire on anti-regime demonstrations even after they found unarmed protesters instead.
    (AP, 7/9/11)
2011        Jul 9, Venezuela’s President Hugo Chavez announced a new $4 billion loan from China and discussed his health in a televised appearance.
    (AP, 7/9/11) 

2011        Jul 10, President Barack Obama's chief of staff, William Daley, said that the US was suspending $800 million in aid to the Pakistani military until the two countries can patch up their relationship.
    (AP, 7/11/11)
2011        Jul 10, In Afghanistan a spate of attacks across the country killed three NATO service members. Officials said that insurgents have killed six Afghan deminers from a group of 32 that was kidnapped last week in the country's southwest. Mohammad Dawood, the chief of Muqur district in Badghis province, was killed by a roadside bomb while driving to his office. In Kandahar a roadside bomb killed three police officers.
    (AP, 7/10/11)
2011        Jul 10, Australia’s PM Julia Gillard announced plans to tax carbon pollution at Aus$23 (US$24.74) per ton to help battle climate change, as it moved towards creating the region's biggest emissions trading scheme.
    (AFP, 7/10/11)(Econ, 7/16/11, p.41)
2011        Jul 10, In Bangladesh riot police fired tear gas in clashes with thousands of stone-throwing Islamist activists protesting constitutional changes that proclaimed the country a secular state. At least 70 people were injured. a 30-hour nationwide strike was called by a coalition of 12 Islamic parties to protest the removal of a clause from the preamble of country's constitution that expressed "absolute faith and trust in Allah." The main opposition Bangladesh Nationalist Party also backed the protest.
    (AP, 7/10/11)
2011        Jul 10, Rio de Janeiro's public defenders' department said the Brazilian state has accumulated more than 60,000 unsolved murders in the last 10 years.
    (AP, 7/10/11)
2011        Jul 10, Britain's News of the World was published for the last time after the tabloid was axed amid the phone-hacking scandal, as its owner Rupert Murdoch flew in to take charge of managing the crisis.
    (AFP, 7/10/11)
2011        Jul 10, In China 2 workers were rescued in the Guangxi region after being trapped for more than a week deep underground in a July 2 mine collapse in which 8 people died and 12 were still missing.
    (AFP, 7/10/11)
2011        Jul 10, In the Republic of Congo 7 people died as security forces failed to control a stampede outside the Felix Eboue stadium in Brazzaville, the venue for the 8th Pan-African Music Festival (Fespam).
    (AFP, 7/11/11)
2011        Jul 10, In Egypt protesters camped out at a central Cairo square blocked access to the Egyptian capital's largest government building and threatened to lay siege to the nearby Interior Ministry and state TV building if their demands are not met. The protesters demanded justice for the nearly 900 protesters killed by security forces during the 18-day uprising that toppled longtime leader Hosni Mubarak in February.
    (AP, 7/10/11)
2011        Jul 10, In Honduras a bus crash near the Copan archaeological ruin killed 10 people and injured 25. Among the dead were two Americans, a Canadian, three Salvadorans and three Hondurans. Another victim has yet to be identified.
    (AP, 7/11/11)
2011        Jul 10, In northern India rescuers searched through the wreckage of a packed express train for people trapped inside after it derailed in Uttar Pradesh state, killing 68 people and injuring 239 others.
    (AP, 7/10/11)(AP, 7/11/11)
2011        Jul 10, In Japan a 7.1 earthquake hit the northeastern coast. There were no reports of immediate damage.
    (SSFC, 7/10/11, p.A6)
2011        Jul 10, In Libya forces loyal to Moamer Kadhafi launched a counterattack on against rebel advance positions 50 km (30 miles) southwest of Tripoli. Rebels replied with anti-tank fire as they sought to maintain their grip on Gualish. Rebel troops advancing into the loyalist stronghold of Zliten said they lost one fighter and had 32 wounded by landmines laid by Moamer Kadhafi's retreating troops.
    (AFP, 7/10/11)
2011        Jul 10, In Mexico townsfolk, known as the Tzotzil Mayan Indians, took police hostage and demanded the government pay $4,300 for their release. Residents of San Cristobalito in Chiapas state were angry that the officers were executing an arrest warrant for a community member accused of auto theft. About 200 people, displeased with the negotiation, waited for the agents to get inside their unit before pushing it off a 400-foot (120-meter) cliff killing two officers and a civilian inside. A fourth man reportedly survived.
    (AP, 7/13/11)
2011        Jul 10, In Morocco thousands of demonstrators, including Islamists, held rallies in Rabat and Casablanca to demand greater political reform and social justice.
    (AFP, 7/10/11)
2011        Jul 10, In Nigeria a bomb blast killed three people outside a church in Suleja, just north of Abuja.
    (AP, 7/11/11)
2011        Jul 10, Pakistani called on the United States to share information about new al Qaeda leader Ayman al-Zawahri after US Defense Secretary Leon Panetta said he believed that Osama bin Laden's successor was in Pakistan.
    (Reuters, 7/10/11)
2011        Jul 10, In Russia a 55-year-old double-decker boat, called Bulgaria, sank on the Volga River in the Tatarstan region, killing at least 100 people with 29 missing. A total of 208 people are believed to have sailed on the boat. Officials said it was overloaded when it sank.
    (AP, 7/10/11)(AP, 7/11/11)(AP, 7/13/11)
2011        Jul 10, Senegal, under international pressure, reversed course and called off the extradition of former Chadian dictator Hissene Habre. The decision came hours before Habre was to be deported to Chad.
    (AP, 7/10/11)
2011        Jul 10, Syria's vice president Farouk al-Sharaa called for a transition to democracy and credited protesters with forcing the regime to consider reforms. Syria's Foreign Ministry said it had summoned the American and French ambassadors to protest their visits to the restive city of Hama. Security forces in Homs killed the son of an anti-regime tribal leader.
    (AP, 7/10/11)(AP, 7/11/11)
2011        Jul 10,  In western Ukraine a fire tore through a home for the elderly, killing 16 people in the village of Bile.
    (AP, 7/10/11)
2011        Jul 10, The head of the UN refugee agency said that drought-ridden Somalia is the "worst humanitarian disaster" in the world. The World Food Program estimated that 10 million people already need humanitarian aid. More than 380,000 refugees had moved into Kenya’s Dabaab refugee camp.
    (AP, 7/10/11)
2011        Jul 10, Vietnamese police forcibly dispersed an anti-China rally and arrested at least 10 people, including journalists, after a series of protests over tensions in the South China Sea.
    (AFP, 7/10/11)
2011        Jul 10, Government-backed Yemeni tribesmen for the first time joined the fight against al-Qaida-linked militants in a lawless southern province. One militant was killed, and four were wounded in clashes in Lawder and Modya. 4 militants were killed and two wounded in fighting in Zinjibar that also left one soldier killed. In Taiz random artillery shelling of positions held by opposition tribesmen killed two people.
    (AP, 7/10/11)

2011        Jul 11, In Maine an Amtrak train smashed into a tractor-trailer killing the truck driver and injuring several others. 200 feet of skid marks were left on the road to the tracks.
    (SFC, 7/12/11, p.A5)
2011        Jul 11, In NYC Leiby Kletzky (8), an Orthodox Jewish child, disappeared. On July 13 the body of the boy was found in the refrigerator of Levi Aron (35), who was arrested and charged with second-degree murder. On Aug 9, 2012, Aron pleaded guilty to charges of abducting and dismembering the boy. On Aug 29 He was sentenced to 40 years to life in prison.
    (AP, 7/14/11)(SFC, 8/10/12, p.A6)(SFC, 8/30/12, p.A5)
2011        Jul 11, Air Algerie cabin crew went on strike. They wanted a 106-percent pay rise and left thousands of angry travelers stranded in Paris, Marseille and Nice airports.
    (AFP, 7/13/11)
2011        Jul 11, In southeastern Bangladesh a vehicle packed with schoolchildren returning home from a soccer tournament crashed into a canal, killing 44 students.
    (AP, 7/11/11)(AP, 7/12/11)
2011        Jul 11, In northeastern Brazil a regional Noar Airlines plane crashed in Recife city, killing all 16 people on board.
    (AP, 7/13/11)
2011        Jul 11, Southern Cross, the financially-troubled owner of 752 care homes in Britain, said that it is to close, although its 31,000 residents will continue to receive care. The company said in a statement that it plans to cease operating and hand its homes over to its landlords.
    (AP, 7/11/11)
2011        Jul 11, The Cambodia Securities Exchange (CSX) was officially launched after the government delayed it several years. Finance Minister Keat Chhon said that trading was expected to begin by the end of the year and that three state-owned firms, including the Phnom Penh Water Supply Authority, Telecom Cambodia and the Sihanoukville Autonomous Port have announced plans for listing.
    (Econ, 7/16/11, p.76)(http://www.cambodiastockexchange.org/)
2011        Jul 11, Canada said it will boycott the UN Conference on Disarmament for the several weeks that North Korea is chairing it.
    (Reuters, 7/11/11)
2011        Jul 11, In Cyprus a massive explosion ripped through a naval base after a brush fire detonated gunpowder stored in containers, killing 13 people, wounding 62. The Vasilikos power station was destroyed taking out half the country’s electricity supply. Defense Minister Costas Papacostas and the country's top military official, National Guard chief Brig. Gen. Petros Tsalikides, resigned over the incident. On Aug 2, 2013, Papacostas (74) was sentenced to 5 years in prison after he was found guilty of manslaughter and causing death through negligence.
    (AP, 7/11/11)(AP, 7/15/11)(Econ, 8/6/11, p.63)(Reuters, 8/2/13)
2011        Jul 11, Ethiopia said it needed $398 million to help millions of people in need of food aid due to a severe drought. It was estimated that a total of 4.5 million people will require humanitarian assistance during the remaining period of the current year.
    (AFP, 7/11/11)
2011        Jul 11, The European Union signed an agreement to provide 2.5 million euros ($3.5 million) to help care for rape victims in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
    (AFP, 7/11/11)
2011        Jul 11, In Indonesia a man reportedly trying to show students how to make explosives was killed by a homemade bomb inside an Islamic boarding school on Sumbawa Island.
    (AP, 7/12/11)
2011        Jul 11, In Iraq 3 rockets slammed into Baghdad's heavily-fortified Green Zone, wounding a woman and her children, officials said, as US Defence Secretary Leon Panetta began the second day of a visit to press Iraqi leaders on security.
    (AFP, 7/11/11)
2011        Jul 11, Japanese scientists were reported to have found a "superbug" strain of gonorrhea that is resistant to all recommended antibiotics. They said it could transform a once easily treatable infection into a global public health threat.
    (Reuters, 7/11/11)
2011        Jul 11, Kazakhstan police said nine gunmen have been killed in a special operation to detain an armed group suspected of being behind the killing of three Interior Ministry officers in June. One policeman died during last week's raid in the village of Kenkiyak. 16 prisoners died when they blew themselves up after an abortive attempt to break out a jail in the southern town of Balkhash. One prison guard was killed in the attempted breakout.
    (AP, 7/11/11)(AP, 7/12/11)
2011        Jul 11, Kyrgyzstan President Roza Otunbayeva approved an amendment to the criminal code to decriminalize libel.
    (AP, 7/19/11)(http://tinyurl.com/42bowvh)
2011        Jul 11, In Libya 4 rebels were killed and 22 wounded in overnight clashes against forces loyal to Moamer Kadhafi in the western town of Zliten.
    (AFP, 7/11/11)
2011        Jul 11, In Nigeria numerous roads and highways were flooded following the heavy downpour which a day earlier and continued in Lagos, a city of some 15 million people. At least 29 people died from flooding in Katsina and Lagos. An explosive went off under a van as its driver slowed down at a military checkpoint in the city of Maiduguri. 3 people were killed.
    (AFP, 7/11/11)(AP, 7/12/11)
2011        Jul 11, In Northern Ireland serious rioting erupted in Belfast injuring 22 officers, as tension mounted before the culmination of Northern Ireland's main Protestant marching season.
    (AFP, 7/12/11)
2011        Jul 11, In Pakistan suspected US missiles hit a house in Gorvak village in North Waziristan, killing at least 20 alleged militants. Other Pakistani intelligence officials put the death toll at 23.
    (AP, 7/12/11)
2011        Jul 11, Russia's Investigative Committee said a Tangara airline plane carrying 33 people crashed as it tried to make an emergency landing on the Ob river in Siberia, killing five people.
    (AP, 7/11/11)
2011        Jul 11, In South Africa some 70,000 workers at oil refineries and related industries joined a week-old strike, raising fears of potential fuel shortages.
    (AFP, 7/11/11)
2011        Jul 11, Spanish officials said a surgical team in Valencia, led by Dr. Pedro Cavada, has carried out the world’s first double leg transplant.
    (SFC, 7/12/11, p.A2)
2011        Jul 11, Syrian troops stormed into Homs, the country's third-largest city with armored personnel carriers and heavy machine guns. At least 2 people were killed as a dialogue over possible government reforms moved into a second day in Damascus. The talks were boycotted by the main opposition factions. Pro-government mobs broke windows at the French and US embassies to protest a visit last week by the American and French ambassadors to the opposition stronghold of Hama.
    (AP, 7/11/11)(AP, 7/12/11)   
2011        Jul 11, Tunisian authorities arrested Bechir Tekkari, a former justice minister and charged him with corruption and abuse of power. He was charged with corruption and abuse of power over trade deals and the awarding of planning contracts.
    (AFP, 7/11/11)
2011        Jul 11, Uganda opened its first war crimes trial against a commander of the Lord's Resistance Army rebels. Thomas Kwoyelo (39) was charged before the International Crimes Division court in the northern town of Gulu with 53 counts of willful killing, hostage taking, destruction of property and causing injury.
    (AFP, 7/11/11)

2011        Jul 12, Pedro Pimentel Rios (54), a former member of an elite Guatemalan military force suspected of carrying out a 1982 massacre, was extradited from the United States and was flown on a government-chartered plane to Guatemala and turned over to authorities.
    (AP, 7/12/11)
2011        Jul 12, A federal indictment unsealed in St. Louis said The Wheels of Soul motorcycle club, with a "Mother Chapter" in Philadelphia, was responsible for killings, robberies, drug distribution and other crimes. The indictment accused 18 men in seven states of racketeering, with some of the men also accused of crimes that include murder, attempted murder, robbery and kidnapping.
    (AP, 7/12/11)
2011        Jul 12, Ahmad Wali Karzai, the younger half-brother of Afghan President Hamid Karzai and one of the most powerful and controversial men in southern Afghanistan, was shot dead at his home by Sardar Mohammad, a senior and highly trusted bodyguard. A NATO soldier in the south was killed in a bomb attack.
    (AP, 7/12/11)(AFP, 7/13/11)
2011        Jul 12, Australia's major alcohol brands launched voluntary health warnings on their labels targeting children, pregnant women and excessive boozing in a country famed for its binge-drinking culture.
    (AFP, 7/12/11)
2011        Jul 12, Lottery operator Camelot announced that a British ticket holder has won a record £161 million (185 million euros) in the Euromillions lottery.
    (AFP, 7/13/11)
2011        Jul 12, Egypt's ruling military council insisted that it will not cede control over the transition from ousted president Hosni Mubarak's regime amid mounting anger over its handling of it. Anti-government protesters said about 30 assailants carrying knives and sticks stormed their tent camp in Cairo's central square, injuring six people. The official MENA news  reported that saboteurs have bombed a gas pipeline in the Sinai peninsula for the fourth time since February, cutting supplies to Israel and Jordan.
    (AP, 7/12/11)(AFP, 7/12/11)
2011        Jul 12, President Nicolas Sarkozy said that France would withdraw a quarter of its 4,000 troops from Afghanistan by the end of next year.
    (AFP, 7/12/11)
2011        Jul 12, In Germany a plane being used by Thailand's Crown Prince Vajiralongkorn was been impounded as part of a long-running battle over payments for a building project in Thailand. The Thai government allegedly owed the now-bankrupt German construction firm Walter Bau AG builder 30 million euros because of a contract agreed to more than 20 years ago to build and operate a toll highway to Bangkok's Don Muang airport. On July 20 a German court ordered the release of the impounded jet upon receipt of a hefty bank guarantee. On July 21 Thailand's foreign minister ruled out paying a multi-million dollar bank guarantee to secure the release of the prince's jet.
    (AP, 7/13/11)(AFP, 7/20/11)(AFP, 7/21/11)
2011        Jul 12, One of India's oldest rebel groups announced a unilateral ceasefire to push forward formal peace talks aimed at ending three decades of insurgency in the northeast state of Assam.
    (AFP, 7/12/11)
2011        Jul 12, In Iraq a suicide bomber killed five members of a government-backed Sunni militia at a security checkpoint just outside Baghdad in the western suburb of Abu Ghraib.
    (AP, 7/12/11)
2011        Jul 12, Israeli air raids hit what the military called two "weapons manufacturing sites" in northern Gaza.
    (AFP, 7/16/11)
2011        Jul 12, In Italy Giovanni Strangio, the ringleader of a gangland style massacre of six people in Germany, was convicted and sentenced to life in prison for the Aug 15, 2007, attack that highlighted the international reach of Italy's Calabrian mafia. He was one of eight people convicted and given Italy's stiffest sentence for their roles in the violent feud that culminated in Duisburg. Three other people were convicted and sentenced to terms ranging from nine to 12 years, while three more were acquitted.
    (AP, 7/12/11)
2011        Jul 12, Aid organization CARE said that cases of rape and violence against women and girls fleeing to an overcrowded refugee camp in Kenya have risen sharply this year. CARE said 136 cases had been reported since January in two of three camps in Dadaab in the east of Kenya, compared to 66 in the same period in 2010.
    (AFP, 7/13/11)
2011        Jul 12, In Mexico at least 21 people, including a preteen boy, were killed in a single day of cartel violence in Ciudad Juarez. Soldiers found the largest marijuana plantation ever detected in Mexico, a huge field covering almost 300 acres (120 hectares) on the floor of the Baja California desert. Two men were caught in the camp and 56 others were rounded up.
    (AP, 7/13/11)(AP, 7/14/11)(AP, 7/15/11)
2011        Jul 12, In Nigeria the University of Maiduguri said it is closing indefinitely after receiving bomb threats from Boko Haram, a radical Muslim sect. spokesman Ahmed Mohammed said the school could no longer guarantee the safety of its 35,000 students.
    (AP, 7/12/11)
2011        Jul 12, In Northern Ireland the Protestant brotherhood's parades themselves passed peacefully, but several hundred Catholic youths attacked police both before and after the sectarian demonstrations.
    (AP, 7/13/11)
2011        Jul 12, In northwestern Pakistan suspected US missile strikes killed at least 18 alleged militants. A car was struck in the Datta Khel area of North Waziristan killing 4 alleged militants.
    (AP, 7/12/11)(SFC, 7/13/11, p.A3)
2011        Jul 12, In the Philippines Abu Sayyaf militants snatched Gerfa Yeatts Lunsmann (41), her son Kevin (14) and her nephew, Romnick Jakaria, while they were vacationing with relatives on an island near southern Zamboanga city. The Filipino-American woman was freed On Oct 2 after 2½ months of captivity. Jakaria (19) escaped on Nov 13. Her son was freed on Dec 10.
    (AP, 10/3/11)(AP, 11/13/11)(AP, 12/10/11)
2011        Jul 12, Scottish couple Colin Weir (64) and his wife Chris (55), who have been married for 30 years and live in the seaside town of Largs near Glasgow, became Europe's biggest ever lottery winners, scooping £162 million ($262 million) in the EuroMillions jackpot.
    (AFP, 7/16/11)
2011        Jul 12, Sudan's Pres. Omar al-Bashir said his country will issue a new currency following the loss of oil revenues resulting from South Sudan's independence last week.
    (AP, 7/12/11)
2011        Jul 12, In northeastern Syria an explosion hit a gas pipeline in the first attack on the country's energy infrastructure since protests erupted in March.
    (AFP, 7/13/11)
2011        Jul 12, A Yemeni security official said a government air strike killed 5 militants in the south between the towns of Jaar and Zinjibar.
    (SFC, 7/13/11, p.A2)

2011        Jul 13, The US Bureau of Public Debt announced that it will no longer sell US savings bonds through banks and other financial institutions after Dec 31. Paper bonds would still be available by directing a federal tax refund into a Series I inflation-linked bond. The bureau said it will save $70 million over 5 years.
    (SFC, 7/14/11, p.D1)
2011        Jul 13, In Colorado a hail storm took almost a third of the Frontier Airlines Airbus fleet out of service forcing the airline to cancel numerous flights over the next week.
    (SSFC, 7/17/11, p.A7)
2011        Jul 13, The body of Rebecca Nalepa (32), the girlfriend of Medicis Pharmaceutical Corp chief executive Jonah Shacknai, was found dead at his mansion near San Diego, prompting an investigation by homicide detectives. Two days earlier the 6-year-old son of Shacknai fell down the stairs at the mansion. The boy died on July 17.
    (Reuters, 7/14/11)(SFC, 7/18/11, p.A5)
2011        Jul 13, In Salem, NY, 4 people were killed in a blast that destroyed a 2-story house. A 5th person, a baby girl, died the next day. A propane gas leak was suspected.
    (SFC, 7/15/11, p.A7)
2011        Jul 13, In Afghanistan 5 French soldiers were killed in a suicide bombing in the northeastern province of Kapisa. A NATO soldier in the south was killed in an insurgent attack.
    (AFP, 7/13/11)
2011        Jul 13, Media mogul Rupert Murdoch dramatically dropped his bid for control of pay-TV giant BSkyB, bowing to pressure from the British government over the phone-hacking firestorm at his newspaper empire.
    (AFP, 7/14/11)
2011        Jul 13, Egypt’s transitional military government announced the early retirement of 600 senior police officers in an effort to mollify protesters. 54 lower ranking officers were shifted to jobs where they no longer interact with civilians.
    (SFC, 7/14/11, p.A2)   
2011        Jul 13, In eastern England a powerful explosion at a suspected illegal alcohol distillery in Lincolnshire killed five men and seriously injured another.
    (AP, 7/14/11)
2011        Jul 13, German Chancellor Angela Merkel visited Angola and sparked controversy over an offer to sell six to eight patrol vessels to Luanda.
    (AFP, 7/14/11)
2011        Jul 13, In Guinea-Bissau health workers began a five-day strike to press demands pay bonuses and better working conditions in the west African country.
    (AFP, 7/13/11)
2011        Jul 13, A Honduran patrol boat located a semi-submersible craft used by drug traffickers to carry cocaine. Five crew members were detained. Divers recovered part of the cocaine aboard the craft. They estimate it was carrying as much as five tons.
    (AP, 7/14/11)
2011        Jul 13, In India a triple bombing killed at least 17 people in Mumbai, India's financial capital. By July 28 the death toll climbed to 25.
    (AP, 7/14/11)(AP, 7/16/11)(AFP, 7/19/11)(AFP, 7/23/11)(AFP, 7/29/11)
2011        Jul 13, Iran hanged a man convicted of raping and murdering a five-year old girl in a village near the southern port city of Bandar Abbas.
    (AFP, 7/17/11)
2011        Jul 13, Israel said it has given final approval to build its Museum of Tolerance over a centuries-old Muslim graveyard in the Jewish western half of Jerusalem.
    (AP, 7/13/11)
2011        Jul 13, In Israel hundreds of ultra-Orthodox Jews clashed with police in a conservative neighborhood of Jerusalem as tax officials tried to close down an illegal slaughterhouse.
    (AFP, 7/13/11)
2011        Jul 13, Israeli soldiers killed Ibrahim Sarhan (21), a member of Hamas, during a raid on a northern West Bank refugee camp. He was shot dead as he emerged from a mosque and tried to flee during an Israeli arrest operation in Al-Fara camp. Israeli jets bombed two sites in Gaza, wounding one woman, after Palestinians fired three rockets into southern Israel. Israeli aircraft targeted three tunnels, two used for smuggling in southern Gaza and one "used for terrorist activity" in the north of the Palestinian territory.
    (AFP, 7/13/11)(AFP, 7/16/11)
2011        Jul 13, In Japan radiation fears mounted after news that contaminated beef from a farm just outside the Fukushima nuclear no-go zone has been shipped across the country and probably eaten.
    (AFP, 7/13/11)
2011        Jul 13, In Libya Kadhafi forces caught rebels off guard and attacked Gualish, which the insurgents captured a week earlier, and seized nearly all of it. Rebels poured in from surrounding villages and drove the loyalists out. At least eight rebels were killed and around 30 wounded in the fighting. The Kadhafi regime said it was seeking to prosecute NATO chief Anders Fogh Rasmussen in Libyan courts for "war crimes" over the alliance's air strikes.
    (AFP, 7/14/11)
2011        Jul 13, Mexican authorities said federal police have caught the top hitman for the Knights Templar drug gang in the western state of Michoacan. Police alleged that suspect Javier Beltran Arco oversaw murders for the meth-trafficking gang. Beltran Arco is known by the nickname "El Chivo," or The Goat. Federal police seized copies of the cartel's 22pp "The Code of the Knights Templar of Michoacan," during the arrest. Michoacan authorities also announced the seizure of 44 metric tons of chemicals used to produce methamphetamine. The material was found at the Lazaro Cardenas seaport in two containers that had been shipped from Shanghai in China.
    (AP, 7/13/11)(AP, 7/20/11)
2011        Jul 13, Northern Ireland police said 40 officers have been injured during two nights of Catholic riots inspired by the mass parades of the province's Protestant majority. 27 people were arrested.
    (AP, 7/13/11)(AFP, 7/14/11)
2011        Jul 13, In Pakistan the city of Karachi reeled from fresh political violence that killed at least 14 people and added to the nation's instability after Zulfiqar Mirza, a senior member of the ruling Pakistan People's Party, called Altaf Hussain, chief of the city's powerful Muttahida Qaumi Movement, a murderer and an extortionist.
    (AP, 7/14/11)
2011        Jul 13, The Saudi-funded Asharq Alawsat daily reported that Saudi authorities have dismantled an Al-Qaeda-linked group of 16 people plotting to overthrow the regime. The group, which called itself the "project of the generation," also engaged in collecting funds under the guise of charitable activities, which were in fact destined for "suspicious foreign parties."
    (AFP, 7/13/11)
2011        Jul 13, Sudan's parliament passed a law cancelling the Sudanese nationality of southerners, four days after their homeland proclaimed formal independence from the north.
    (AFP, 7/13/11)
2011        Jul 13, In Syria at least 7 people were killed during army raids in the Jabal al-Zawiya region in northern Idlib province. Security forces broke up a peaceful anti-government protest in Damascus, beating some protesters and arresting Syrian intellectuals, actors and artists.
    (AP, 7/14/11)
2011        Jul 13, Tunisian PM Beji Caid Essebsi painted a bleak picture of the national economy, which he blamed on repeated strikes that have paralyzed several companies.
    (AFP, 7/13/11)
2011        Jul 13, The United Nations made its first aid delivery to a rebel-held Somalia region after the insurgents lifted a ban on the operations of foreign aid agencies. The worst drought in 60 years affected over 10 million people in northern Kenya, south-eastern Ethiopia, southern Somalia and Djibouti.
    (AFP, 7/17/11)(Econ, 7/9/11, p.44)
2011        Jul 13, In Venezuela a prison uprising that caused seven deaths ended peacefully on its 27th day when hundreds of inmates emerged from the embattled Rodeo II prison after negotiations with officials.
    (AP, 7/14/11)

2011        Jul 14, The US Pentagon said a cyber attack in March by a foreign government stole some 24,000 files from a defense industry computer network.
    (SFC, 7/15/11, p.A8)
2011        Jul 14, Gov. Jerry Brown signed a bill making California the first state in the nation to add lessons about gays and lesbians to social studies classes in public schools.
    (AP, 7/15/11)
2011        Jul 14, Minnesota Gov. mark Dayton and top Republican struck a deal to end a budget impasse with the Democratic governor giving up on raising taxes.
    (SFC, 7/15/11, p.A9)
2011        Jul 14, Nevada authorities said federal and Las Vegas police seized 212 pounds of drugs, $280,000 in cash, 6 guns and 9 vehicles after searching homes in Las Vegas and Henderson. 8 illegal immigrants from Mexico were arrested on drug trafficking charges.
    (SFC, 7/15/11, p.A7)
2011        Jul 14, Bloomberg Philanthropies announced a $24 million initiative to fund “Innovation Delivery Teams" to help city mayors solve particular local problems.
    (Econ, 7/16/11, p.34)
2011        Jul 14, Afghan President Hamid Karzai ordered an investigation into provincial government claims that a NATO raid killed six civilians in Khost province. NATO said its troops killed insurgents linked to the Haqqani network during gunfights in the area and that only one civilian was wounded. A demonstration broke out after bodies of the dead were carried through Khost and the provincial council announced it was going on strike in protest over the deaths. A suicide bomber hiding explosives in his turban blew himself up inside a mosque during a memorial service for the slain half brother of President Karzai, killing at least 5 people. A French soldier was killed in a skirmish with insurgents in Kapisa province.
    (AFP, 7/14/11)(AP, 7/14/11)
2011        Jul 14, In Argentina former Gen. Hector Gamen and Col. Hugo Pascarelli were convicted of murder, kidnapping and torture at El Vesubio, one of the most notorious prisons run by the former dictatorship (1976-1983). Both got life sentences for crimes against humanity.
    (AP, 7/14/11)
2011        Jul 14, Bangladesh and India launched a census of "enclaves" -- areas where one country's territory is surrounded by the other -- in an effort to end complex border disputes.
    (AFP, 7/14/11)
2011        Jul 14, British police arrested Neil Wallis (60), another former News of the World executive, in connection with the phone hacking scandal at the tabloid. Wallis was deputy editor at the 168-year-old title from 2003 to 2007 under editor Andy Coulson.
    (AFP, 7/14/11)
2011        Jul 14, Britain's Department for International Development (DFID) announced it was suspending budgetary aid to Malawi over poor governance, as fast-deteriorating relations between the two countries reached a new low. The Malawi opposition quickly blamed President Bingu wa Mutharika's "sheer arrogance" for the decision.
    (AFP, 7/15/11)
2011        Jul 14, Burkina Faso's army chief of staff, Nabere Honore Traore, said the military has discharged 566 soldiers following a wave of mutinies that swept across the country earlier this year.
    (AFP, 7/15/11)
2011        Jul 14, Chad's former president Hissene Habre, in exile in Senegal, said in a published interview that he would be willing to appear before an international tribunal to answer charges of atrocities during his 1982-1990 rule.
    (AFP, 7/14/11)
2011        Jul 14, Chinese dissident artist Ai Weiwei said he had accepted a job at an art university in Germany, as he battles charges of massive tax evasion after nearly three months in police detention.
    (AFP, 7/14/11)
2011        Jul 14, China’s state-backed Catholic hierarchy held a 3-hour ceremony to consecrate a bishop in Shantou. 4 Rome-aligned bishops were reportedly abducted and pressed to take part in the ceremony.
    (Econ, 8/20/11, p.40)
2011        Jul 14, In France thousands of angry travelers were still stranded in airports and in Algiers as a strike by Air Algerie cabin crew, who want a 106% pay rise, went into its 4th day. Air Algerie staff ended their four-day strike after mediation by the office of PM Ahmed Ouyahia.
    (AFP, 7/14/11)
2011        Jul 14, German Chancellor Angela Merkel met the president of oil-and-gas rich Nigeria after her trip to Angola the previous day sparked controversy over an offer to sell patrol boats.
    (AFP, 7/14/11)
2011        Jul 14, In Indonesia Mount Lokon on Sulawesi island burst into life late at night and continued to spew ash and searing gas into the air well into the next morning, prompting more than 4,500 residents to head to safety.
    (AFP, 7/15/11)
2011        Jul 14, Israeli jets struck three targets in Gaza, moderately wounding four Palestinians.
    (AFP, 7/16/11)
2011        Jul 14, In Lebanon 7 Estonian tourists abducted nearly four months ago while cycling through Lebanon's eastern Bekaa Valley were released in good health. Harakat al-Nahda wal-Islah, or the Movement for Renewal and Reform, had claimed responsibility for the March 23 abduction and demanded an unspecified ransom. Two men suspected of involvement in the kidnapping were killed in a September 20 shootout with police.
    (AP, 7/14/11)(AP, 11/2/11)
2011        Jul 14, Libyan forces repelled a coordinated attack by NATO forces and rebels against the strategic oil town of Brega.
    (AP, 7/15/11)
2011        Jul 14, The Canadian head of the NATO mission over Libya said Gaddafi has ordered his troops to blow up refineries and other facilities if they have to retreat. Russia’s special envoy to Libya told the Izvestia newspaper that Libyan leader Moamer Kadhafi has a "suicidal plan" to blow up the capital Tripoli if it is taken by rebels.
    (Reuters, 7/14/11)(AFP, 7/14/11)
2011        Jul 14, Malian security services said they have arrested two men identified as supporters of Al-Qaeda's north African branch in the northwestern Timbuktu region.
    (AFP, 7/14/11)
2011        Jul 14, In Pakistan Malik Ishaq, an Islamist militant accused in dozens of killings and a 2009 attack on Sri Lanka's cricket team, was freed on bail after 14 years in custody because the Supreme Court decided there was not enough evidence to keep holding him.
    (AP, 7/14/11)
2011        Jul 14, South Sudan became the newest and 193rd member of the United Nations, as it was welcomed into the world's top club amid pledges to help one of the planet's poorest states take its first steps.
    (AFP, 7/15/11)
2011        Jul 14, The Satellite Sentinel Project released images showing what appear to be freshly dug sites in Southern Kordofan state, where Sudan's Arab military has been targeting a black ethnic minority loyal to the military of the newly independent Republic of South Sudan. The group said that an eyewitness reported seeing 100 bodies or more put into one of the pits on June 8.
    (AP, 7/14/11)
2011        Jul 14, The Doha Document for Peace in Darfur, finalized in May in Qatar, was signed by the Sudanese government and the Liberation and Justice Movement, one of a myriad of rebel groups.
    (Econ, 4/6/13, p.57)(http://tinyurl.com/bg6u952)
2011        Jul 14, Switzerland suspended imports of some seeds, beans and sprouts from Egypt, after the EU blamed Egyptian fenugreek seeds for E.coli outbreaks in Germany and France. The temporary ban would expire in October 31, 2011, in line with the EU's suspension.
    (AFP, 7/14/11)
2011        Jul 14, In Syria a 45-year-old man was shot dead in Deir el-Zour province, near the border with Iraq, when security forces fired at protesters.
    (AP, 7/14/11)
2011        Jul 14, An umbrella group that includes Turkey's Kurdish party proclaimed Kurdish autonomy in Diyarbakir, hours after a clash left 13 soldiers and seven Kurdish guerrillas dead.
    (AP, 7/15/11)
2011        Jul 14, Human Rights Watch said prisoners in Uganda are subjected to hard labor under conditions resembling slavery and face routine abuse and exploitation by officials.
    (AFP, 7/14/11)
2011        Jul 14, In southern Yemen a US warplane attacked a police station overrun by Islamic militants, killing three of the fighters. Fighting broke out at night between the Guards, loyal to President Ali Abdullah Saleh, and tribesmen, allied with demonstrators in Taez. 2 people were killed and at least 22 others wounded.
    (AP, 7/14/11)(AFP, 7/15/11)

2011        Jul 15, Thomas Drake (54), a former senior official for the national Security Agency (NSA), was sentenced to a year’s probation for leaking information about the NSA to the Baltimore Sun in 2006.
    (SFC, 7/16/11, p.A6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Andrews_Drake)
2011        Jul 15, In Atlanta, Georgia, security guard Nkosi Thandiwe (22) opened fire on 3 women in a parking garage killing one and wounding two. He was arrested and charged with murder.
    (SFC, 7/16/11, p.A5)
2011        Jul 15, In western Afghanistan insurgents killed at least six Afghan soldiers in an ambush on an army patrol.
    (AP, 7/16/11)
2011        Jul 15, In Argentina French tourists Cassandre Bouvier (29) and Houria Moumni (20) were raped and killed by a group of men who followed the academics from Sorbonne University up a popular hiking trail, the Quebrada de San Lorenzo, outside the provincial capital of Salta.
    (AP, 8/16/11)
2011        Jul 15, In Bahrain Zainab Hasan Ahmed al-Jumaa (47) suffocated after inhaling tear gas fired by riot police during a demonstration near her home in Sitra, the hub of Bahrain's oil industry.
    (AP, 7/16/11)
2011        Jul 15, BBC journalists began a 24-hour strike in a row over job losses, disrupting some of the British broadcaster's flagship programs.
    (AFP, 7/15/11)
2011        Jul 15, Rebekah Brooks (43), the embattled chief executive of Rupert Murdoch's British News International, quit as the phone hacking scandal forced the once-mighty media baron to sacrifice his cherished aide. Les Hinton, chide executive of the Murdoch owned Dow Jones & Co., published of the Wall Street Journal, also announced his resignation.
    (AP, 7/15/11)(SFC, 7/16/11, p.A4)(Econ, 7/23/11, p.23)
2011        Jul 15, Christian Emde (28) and Robert Baum (24) were arrested in the English port town of Dover. In 2012 the 2 German men pleaded guilty to possessing information useful for terrorist acts. Emde was sentenced to 16 months in jail, Baum to 12 months.
    (AP, 2/6/12)
2011        Jul 15, In Burundi lawyer Suzanne Bukuru was arrested and imprisoned for helping French journalists get an interview with victims she is representing in a rape trial involving a Frenchman Patrice Faye (58). On July 25 lawyers in Burundi announced a week-long strike in protest at the arrest of Bukuru for "complicity in espionage."
    (AFP, 7/25/11)
2011        Jul 15, Cuban authorities shut down Canadian firm Tri-Star Caribbean and arrested company president Sarkis Yacoubian. The company, considered a competitor of Tokmakjian Group, did around $30 million in business with Cuba. Ontario-based Tokmakjian Group, one of the top Canadian companies doing business on the communist-run island, was shut down in September.
    (Reuters, 9/16/11)
2011        Jul 15, In Egypt thousands of protesters rallied across the country, capping a week of nationwide sit-ins to demand political change as anger grows with the military rulers over the slow pace of reform.
    (AFP, 7/15/11)
2011        Jul 15, UNICEF said at least 17,584 measles cases, including 114 deaths, have been reported by Ethiopian health officials in the first half of the year. The WHO said says at least 462 cases of measles, including 11 deaths, have been confirmed in recent months among Somali refugee children in the Kenyan refugee complex known as Dadaab.
    (AP, 7/15/11)
2011        Jul 15, In Haiti four pilgrims died when a boulder fell on them on the peak day of a three-day Voodoo festival at the sacred site of Saut d'Eau.
    (AP, 7/15/11)
2011        Jul 15, Indonesian police arrested Abrori Ali, the headmaster of an Islamic boarding school in the Sumba island town of Bima, after a man there died earlier this week, reportedly while trying to teach students how to make homemade bombs.
    (AP, 7/15/11)
2011        Jul 15, In southern Iraq a US soldier was killed while conducting military operations.
    (AP, 7/16/11)
2011        Jul 15, In Jordan government supporters attacked pro-reform protesters to stop them from gathering in a main square in the capital. At least 17 people, including journalists and policemen, were injured when police tried to stop clashes between pro-reform demonstrators and government supporters in central Amman.
    (AP, 7/15/11)(AFP, 7/16/11)
2011        Jul 15, Some 1,000 Israelis and Palestinians gathered in east Jerusalem for a protest march to support the Palestinian bid for United Nations recognition.
    (AFP, 7/15/11)
2011        Jul 15, Italy passed a $99 billion austerity package. The nation’s debt was the highest in the Eurozone at nearly 120% of GDP. The euro70 billion package did not entail any significant reduction in the wages, perks and privileges of the notoriously bloated, handsomely paid political elite, despite repeated promises such cuts would be carried out.
    (SFC, 7/16/11, p.A2)(AP, 7/21/11)
2011        Jul 15, In Kashmir a handful of fighters, allegedly from Lashkar-e-Taiba, died in a shootout with Indian soldiers.
    (Econ, 7/23/11, p.38)
2011        Jul 15, In a statement following a meeting in Istanbul of the so-called Contact Group on Libya, more than 30 nations, including the United States, declared that Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi's regime is no longer legitimate and formally recognized Libya's main opposition group as the legitimate government until a new interim authority is created.
    (AP, 7/15/11)
2011        Jul 15, In Mexico at least 12 state police officers and a bystander were killed in an ambush on a highway in the western state of Sinaloa. Fighting among inmates in a Nuevo Laredo prison near the US border killed 7 prisoners and allowed at least 59 others to escape.
    (AP, 7/15/11)
2011        Jul 15, In Nigeria assailants from the Boko Haram sect threw a bomb at a police patrol car in Maiduguri wounding seven civilians. Colonel Victor Ebhaleme said a bomb was planted and a police van drove over it, exploding and injuring eight policemen.
    (AP, 7/15/11)(AFP, 7/15/11)
2011        Jul 15, In Nigeria a second building collapsed since the start of the month in Lagos killing two people. 6 others were rescued.
    (AFP, 7/16/11)
2011        Jul 15, A former military doctor was extradited from Paraguay to Argentina to face charges that include stealing babies from political prisoners during Argentina's dictatorship. Dr. Norberto Atilo Bianco allegedly helped run a clandestine maternity ward inside the epidemiology section of the Argentine army's Campo de Mayo military hospital in 1977 and 1978.
    (AP, 7/16/11)
2011        Jul 15, Saudi authorities beheaded a man convicted of attacking a woman and snapping nude photos of her in order to blackmail her for sex.
    (AP, 7/16/11)
2011        Jul 15, Somali pirates holding South Korean hostages demanded that the South Korean government release pirate prisoners and pay compensation for a commando raid that killed several pirates earlier this year.
    (AP, 7/15/11)
2011        Jul 15, Syrian security forces killed at least 28 protesters as hundreds of thousands flooded the streets nationwide in the largest anti-government demonstrations since the uprising began more than four months ago. Casualties included 14 people in a suburb of Damascus, three in the northwestern city of Idlib, three in the central city of Homs and one in Daraa.
    (AP, 7/15/11)(AP, 7/16/11)(SFC, 7/16/11, p.A3)
2011        Jul 15, Tunisian police fired tear gas to break up an anti-government protest in the capital, with demonstrators accusing the authorities of using violence to end their peaceful action.
    (AFP, 7/15/11)
2011        Jul 15, Turkish prosecutors launched an investigation into a Kurdish proclamation of autonomy in the country's southeast as the military deployed elite forces to the region where tensions are running high following the deadliest clash between troops and rebels in about three years.
    (AP, 7/15/11)
2011        Jul 15, A Turkish court charged 14 suspected al-Qaida militants for allegedly planning to attack the US Embassy in the Turkish capital.
    (AP, 7/16/11)
2011        Jul 15, Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez announced that he will return to Cuba to begin a new phase of cancer treatment that will include chemotherapy.
    (AP, 7/15/11)
2011        Jul 15, In Yemen tribesmen killed a colonel and two of his aides in an ambush on their convoy in the Sharab al-Rona area of Taez. Tens of thousands of anti-regime protesters prayed at University Square. Tens of thousands of regime supporters also turned out. A security official said 7 civilians were killed and 30 wounded in Republican Guards shelling in Taez.
    (AFP, 7/15/11)(AP, 7/15/11)(SFC, 7/16/11, p.A2)(AFP, 7/21/11)

2011        Jul 16, Pres. Obama met with the Dalai Lama despite a warning from Beijing that the meeting would risk damaging relations.
    (SSFC, 7/17/11, p.A8)
2011        Jul 16, In San Francisco Kenneth Wade Harding (19) was killed in a confrontation with police in the Bayview district. Harding was wanted in Washington state in connection with a July 13 killing. On July 21 police said Harding died from a bullet allegedly fired from his own gun.
    (SFC, 7/22/11, p.A1)
2011        Jul 16, In Florida Tyler Hadley (17) of Port St. Lucie bludgeoned his parents with a hammer, then hosting dozens of friends for a party while their bodies lay in the bedroom.
    (AP, 7/19/11)
2011        Jul 16, Dawn, a NASA spacecraft, went into orbit around Vesta, an asteroid in the asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter. After a year it was expected to leave Vesta and head for the asteroid Ceres.
    (Econ, 7/16/11, p.81)
2011        Jul 16, In southern Afghanistan a man wearing an Afghan army uniform killed a NATO soldier. A British soldier on a routine patrol was shot dead in southern Afghanistan, the 376th British serviceman to die there since 2001.
    (AFP, 7/16/11)(AFP, 7/17/11)
2011        Jul 16, In Algeria security forces in the eastern Boudjellal mountain region shot dead two gunmen overnight near the border with Tunisia. A suicide bomber blew up his car in front of a police station at Bordj-Menaiel. Another suicide bomber drove his motorbike at a crowd near the town hall of Bordj-Menaiel, killing a police officer and a local official.
    (AFP, 7/17/11)
2011        Jul 16, Bangladesh reported its population is up nearly 10% in a decade to 142.3 million, following its latest census.
    (AFP, 7/16/11)
2011        Jul 16, Brazil’s President Dilma Rousseff attended a ceremony marking the startup of operations at a shipyard where the four Scorpene attack submarines will be built. The four diesel-powered submarines will be built as part of a 2008 agreement with France that includes the future construction of Latin America's first nuclear submarine.
    (AP, 7/17/11)
2011        Jul 16, Bulgarian railway workers found seals on a train carriage door broken, and the door not properly closed. 64 unarmed missile warheads from the train transporting military equipment to Bulgaria from Romania were missing. The components were said to not be dangerous.
    (AP, 7/18/11)
2011        Jul 16, China’s state media said landslides triggered by torrential rain across the country have left 13 people dead and hundreds trapped in their cars.
    (AFP, 7/16/11)
2011        Jul 16, Authorities in Ecuador banned the sale of alcohol in the coastal municipality of Urdaneta in Los Rios province after at least 19 people died after drinking adulterated alcohol. The victims began drinking the alcohol on July 7. Adulterated liquor was later traced to a factory near Guayaquil, where methanol was being added to fruity wines. By September some 51 were dead and 771 poisoned.
    (AP, 7/15/11)(AP, 7/17/11)(Econ, 9/24/11, p.49)
2011        Jul 16, The Greek oil tanker 'Aegean Star' belonging to the Endeavour Marine Agency company and flying a Liberian flag was hijacked, 30 nautical miles off the coast of Nigeria. The ship was released on July 18.
    (AFP, 7/18/11)(Reuters, 7/18/11)
2011        Jul 16, Iran and China signed a series of agreements worth $4 billion (2.8 billion euros) for infrastructure projects as part of a broader bid to boost trade volume between the two nations. The agreements were signed during a visit by He Guoqiang, a senior executive of the Chinese Communist Party.
    (AFP, 7/16/11)
2011        Jul 16, In Iraq a bomb, hidden in an empty rickshaw, blew up near Shiite pilgrims headed to the holy city of Karbala, killing two people and wounding 26. In Baghdad, a bomb in a minibus parked outside a restaurant and nightclub in the Karradah neighborhood killed three passers-by and wounded at least nine. Pediatrician Safi Harzan (48) was freed in a village south of Kirkuk after spending three weeks in captivity after his family paid $500,000 to kidnappers.
    (AP, 7/16/11)(AFP, 7/17/11)
2011        Jul 16, Israeli aircraft struck Gaza overnight for the fourth time in as many days, wounding a militant who was about to fire a rocket.
    (AFP, 7/16/11)
2011        Jul 16, In Jordan 4 policemen suspected of attacking journalists at a demonstration in the Amman were arrested.
    (AFP, 7/16/11)
2011        Jul 16, In Libya 12 rebel fighters were killed in an advance on the strategic oil town of Brega, with rebel forces sweeping the outskirts for land mines so they could move in.
    (AP, 7/16/11)(AFP, 7/17/11)
2011        Jul 16, In Libya at least 12 rebels were reported killed in a failed assault on Brega.
    (AFP, 7/17/11)
2011        Jul 16, In Mexico two Mexican tourists in Acapulco were killed in a gun attack at a restaurant on the main oceanfront avenue in the tourist zone of the Pacific resort. Two other people were wounded.
    (AP, 7/16/11)
2011        Jul 16, In Pakistan gunmen ambushed a bus carrying Sunni Muslims and killed all 10 passengers in the northwestern Kurram tribal region.
    (AP, 7/16/11)
2011        Jul 16, In Syria security forces continued a weekslong operation in the restive Idlib province, near the Turkish border. Authorities raided homes in the village Kfar Nabl and made scores of arrests. A civilian was killed in Al-Bukamal when security forces opened fire to break up a demonstration against the regime of President Assad. 3 security personnel were killed and two kidnapped in an attack on a government building. An opposition conference in Turkey, called the National Salvation Conference, was attended by some 400 dissidents looking to form a unified opposition to Pres. Assad, whose family has ruled Syria for more than 40 years. The corpses of 3 Alawite government supporters were dumped in Homs with their eyes gouged out.
    (AP, 7/16/11)(AP, 7/17/11)(SFC, 7/19/11, p.A5)
2011        Jul 16, Hundreds of Taiwanese farmers demanded help from the government after steep falls in the prices of bananas, papayas, beans and other crops hurt their incomes.
    (AP, 7/16/11)
2011        Jul 16, In Yemen senior protest figures announced the formation of a shadow government they say will prepare to run the country should the embattled regime of President Ali Abdullah Saleh collapse. The 17-member body included a number of former ministers, one former prime minister, business people and civil society leaders.
    (AFP, 7/16/11)

2011        Jul 17, In Georgia US Army Sgt. Deirdre Aguigui (24) died suddenly in the middle of her pregnancy at Fort Stewart. In 2013 the Army charged her husband with murder and casuing the deth of his unborn son. He was accused of of using insurance money from her death to buy weapons for an anti-government militia group.
    (SSFC, 6/30/13, p.A10)(http://tinyurl.com/lks26dm)
2011        Jul 17, Afghanistan began handing responsibility for security from NATO soldiers to its own troops, igniting a process designed to leave the country free of foreign combat forces by 2014. Afghan and NATO troops killed at least 13 Taliban fighters in Nangarhar province after an overnight gunbattle ended with an airstrike on a building occupied by the insurgents. Gunmen wearing suicide vests attacked the home of Jan Mohammed Khan, an adviser to President Karzai, killing him and Uruzgan lawmaker Mohammed Ashim Watanwal. One attacker was killed and the other blew himself up.
    (AFP, 7/17/11)(AP, 7/17/11)(AP, 7/18/11)(SFC, 7/18/11, p.A4)
2011        Jul 17, Christian Martinez, an Australian convert to Islam, was pinned down and lashed 40 times for drinking alcohol by a group of 4 Muslim men who broke into his Sidney home to punish him for breaking sharia law. Two of the men were soon charged with aggravated breaking and entering with intent to commit an indictable offense.
    (AFP, 7/19/11)(AP, 7/20/11)
2011        Jul 17, Bahrain's main Shiite opposition bloc, Al-Wefaq, said it was pulling out of a national dialogue with the government on political reform because the initiative was not serious.
    (AFP, 7/17/11)
2011        Jul 17, London police arrested Rebekah Brooks (43), Rupert Murdoch's former British CEO, in the phone hacking and police bribery scandal. The former News of the World editor said she was assisting the police with their inquiries.
    (AP, 7/17/11)
2011        Jul 17, The Central African Republic government and a 500-man breakaway faction of the country's last active rebel movement, a dissident faction of the Convention of Patriots for Justice and Peace (CPJP), signed a peace deal in Nzako.
    (AFP, 7/19/11)
2011        Jul 17, In Chile a man boarded a subway train, pulled out a gun and began shooting at the Plaza Maipu station in the southwestern part of Santiago. He killed two people and wounded four more before leaving the station and killing himself.
    (AP, 7/17/11)
2011        Jul 17, Egypt's PM Essam Sharaf named 12 new Cabinet members in a reshuffle under pressure from protesters demanding a purge of remnants of the former regime.
    (AP, 7/17/11)
2011        Jul 17, In India officers in the western state of Gujarat, the scene of serial blasts in 2008, arrested Sahazad Rangrez and recovered eight live bombs from his possession. Rangrez's wife Reshma reported him to the police after suffering domestic violence.
    (AFP, 7/18/11)
2011        Jul 17, In Indonesia the Mount Lokon volcano on northern Sulawesi island erupted again and released the greatest amount of energy so far, shooting soot and debris 11,400 feet (3,500 meters) into the sky.
    (AP, 7/17/11)
2011        Jul 17, Several Iranian Kurdish rebels based in Iraq were wounded in hours of clashes with Tehran's forces along the two countries' border.
    (AFP, 7/17/11)
2011        Jul 17, In Iraq a roadside bomb targeting a security patrol killed one policeman and a passer-by in western Baghdad. An American soldier died in Iraq in a noncombat incident.
    (AP, 7/17/11)(AP, 7/18/11)
2011        Jul 17, Japan’s female soccer team, fourth place finishers at the 2008 Beijing Olympics, came from behind twice to beat world-number ones and twice champions the United States 3-1 on penalties in the final of the World Cup in Frankfurt. It was the first football World Cup title for any Asian country.
    (AFP, 7/19/11)
2011        Jul 17, In Libya rebel attacks on the eastern oil city of Brega stretched into their fourth day, with reports of pitched battles in the residential areas. NATO jets destroyed a military storage facility and other targets in Tripoli's eastern outskirts.
    (AP, 7/17/11)
2011        Jul 17, In Morocco thousands of demonstrators, including Islamists, held peaceful rallies in Rabat, Casablanca and Tangiers to demand greater political reforms and social justice.
    (AFP, 7/17/11)
2011        Jul 17, A spokesman for the Hamas-run medical services in the Gaza Strip, said 4 children and 3 adults suffered moderate injuries in air strikes in the northern Beit Hanun area. Israel denied it had carried out any such raid.
    (AFP, 7/17/11)
2011        Jul 17, Voters in the tiny west African archipelago of Sao Tome and Principe voted for their next president. 54% of the country's 200,000 people have been described as poor by the UN Development Program (UNDP). Former strongman Manuel Pinto da Costa led the field with 35.85% of the vote. Speaker Evaristo Carvalho was second with 21.82% and will challenge the 73-year-old former president on July 24.
    (AFP, 7/17/11)
2011        Jul 17, In Switzerland the son of an American UN diplomat was attacked by up to a dozen assailants in Geneva, who beat him with metal rods and attempted to throw him into the river Rhone before a passing cyclist raised the alarm.
    (AP, 8/15/11)
2011        Jul 17, Syrian troops backed by tanks stormed the town of Zabadani near the border with Lebanon. Security forces reportedly have rounded up more than 500 people, including a leading dissident, across the country over the past two days. 6 bodies from various sects were found dumped in Homs, apparently in revenge attacks. Pro-government thugs called shabiha then went on a rampage, opening fire in predominantly Sunni neighborhoods in Homs.
    (AP, 7/17/11)(AP, 7/18/11)
2011        Jul 17, In southern Thailand a girl (5) and a local government official were shot dead and 11 people were injured when gunmen burst into a Buddhist temple during an annual fair.
    (AFP, 7/18/11)
2011        Jul 17, In Tunisia 6 police officers were injured, four seriously, in a series of overnight attacks on police stations and public buildings in cities across the country.
    (AFP, 7/17/11)
2011        Jul 17, In Uruguay Juan Maria Bordaberry (b.1928), former President-turned-dictator, died at home, where he was serving a 30-year sentence for killings and disappearances during his country's war against so-called subversives.
    (AP, 7/17/11)
2011        Jul 17, Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez returned to Cuba to begin chemotherapy nearly a month after surgery to remove a tumor.
    (AP, 7/17/11)
2011        Jul 17, Vietnamese police rounded up at least 10 people as they broke up an anti-China rally for the 2nd weekend running in a series of protests over tensions in the South China Sea.
    (AFP, 7/17/11)
2011        Jul 17, In Yemen hundreds of thousands of protesters flooded streets across the country to demand the ouster of President Saleh. Thousands of the embattled leader's supporters staged counter rallies to celebrate the 33rd anniversary of his rule.
    (AP, 7/17/11)

2011        Jul 18, US Fish and Wildlife Service said the whitebark pine, found atop mountains in the American West, is facing extinction due to white pine blister rust and mountain pine beetles due in part to climate change.
    (SFC, 7/20/11, p.A8)
2011        Jul 18, In southern California a veteran police detective and her 18-year-old daughter were stabbed to death, and her son was arrested on suspicion of murder after he was found sitting next to the teenager's nude body outside their Rancho Penasquitos home.
    (AP, 7/18/11)
2011        Jul 18, US General David Petraeus, Washington's new intelligence chief, handed over command of US and NATO-led troops in Afghanistan to US Marine Corps General John Allen. A British soldier was killed in an explosion in Helmand province. 7 Afghan policemen manning a checkpoint in Helmand province were fed poisonous food and shot dead. In a separate incident two civilians were kidnapped and killed by insurgents.
    (AP, 7/18/11)(AFP, 7/19/11)(AFP, 7/19/11)
2011        Jul 18, Lulz Security (LulzSec) hacker group attacked the website of the Rupert Murdoch owned Sun newspaper, replacing the online version with a fake story pronouncing the mogul's death.
    (AFP, 7/18/11)
2011        Jul 18, In Britain senior Metropolitan police officer John Yates, who in 2009 refused to reopen an investigation into phone hacking at the News of the World tabloid, resigned. British police said Sean Hoare, the whistleblower reporter who alleged widespread hacking at the News of the World, has been found dead.
    (AFP, 7/18/11)(AP, 7/18/11)
2011        Jul 18, British PM David Cameron sought to bridge the gap with South African President Jacob Zuma over the Libya conflict on a visit overshadowed by the phone-hacking scandal back home. The focus of Cameron's trip was on boosting trade with a continent.
    (AP, 7/19/11)
2011        Jul 18, In Chile 8 students began a hunger strike to support demands for improvements to the country's education system. Participants soon grew to 20.
    (AP, 7/21/11)
2011        Jul 18, In China 14 separatist rioters, 2 policemen and 2 civilian hostages, were killed in an attack on a police station in Khotan, in the far western Xinjiang region. The violence erupted when a large group of Uighurs tried to protest in Hotan, an oasis town of more than 115,000 people. The planned siege ended with 14 of the 18 attackers dead.
    (AP, 7/18/11)(AP, 7/20/11)(Econ, 7/30/11, p.38)
2011        Jul 18, Gambian President Yahya Jammeh (46) said that neither the upcoming November presidential election nor a military coup, but only God, could unseat him from power.
    (AFP, 7/19/11)
2011        Jul 18, Hong Kong ordered pharmaceutical giant GlaxoSmithKline to recall an antibiotic used to treat infections in children after tests revealed the British firm's Augmentin antibiotic tablet contained several plasticizers, including diisodecyl phthalate (DIDP).
    (AFP, 7/19/11)
2011        Jul 18, India signed an "historic" deal granting autonomy to an ethnic group in the Himalayan tea-growing area of Darjeeling that has fought for decades for a homeland.
    (AFP, 7/18/11)
2011        Jul 18, In India construction began at two new indigenously-designed 700-megawatt nuclear plants in the western state of Rajasthan.
    (AFP, 7/19/11)
2011        Jul 18, Iran’s state news said Revolutionary Guard forces have taken control of three bases of an Iranian Kurdish opposition group in neighboring Iraq and that "a large number" of members of the Iranian Kurdish opposition group PEJAK have been killed in fierce ongoing clashes over the past two days. PEJAK claimed to have killed 53 Iranian soldiers and wounded 43 while only two PEJAK members were killed and seven wounded in clashes.
    (AP, 7/18/11)
2011        Jul 18, Israel put out bids to build 336 apartments in Jewish settlements in the West Bank, a new blow to international efforts to get Israelis and Palestinians back to peace talks after months of deadlock over settlement construction.
    (AP, 7/18/11)
2011        Jul 18, Former South African defense minister Magnus Malan (b.1930) died. He had militarized the country to battle a perceived "total onslaught" on the apartheid regime.
    (AFP, 7/18/11)
2011        Jul 18, Spain’s Transport Minister Jose Blanco confirmed that a Spanish consortium has won a contract worth 7.0 billion euros ($10 billion) to build a high-speed rail network linking Medina, Jeddah and the Muslim pilgrimage site of Mecca in Saudi Arabia.
    (AFP, 7/19/11)
2011        Jul 18, In Sudan the Darfur rebel group Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) said that it carried out a deadly attack on Sudanese army positions in South Kordofan alongside anti-government forces there.
    (AFP, 7/18/11)
2011        Jul 18, In Syria the Qatari embassy in Damascus suspended operations due to recent protests outside the embassy against Al-Jazeera's coverage of the Syrian uprising. Al-Jazeera is based in Qatar. Security forces in Homs killed 10 people in raids.
    (AP, 7/18/11)(AP, 7/19/11)
2011        Jul 18, In Tunisia a 14-year-old was killed overnight in the inland town of Sidi Bouzid. The teen was hit by a "stray bullet" in clashes between security forces and protesters.
    (AP, 7/18/11)
2011        Jul 18, The UN's highest court ordered troops from both Thailand and Cambodia to immediately withdraw military forces from disputed areas around a World Heritage temple straddling their border.
    (AP, 7/18/11)
2011        Jul 18, The Vatican and Malaysia established diplomatic relations in the wake of tensions between Muslims and religious minorities in the Southeast Asian nation.
    (AP, 7/18/11)
2011        Jul 18, In Yemen Hassan Basonbol (alias Abu Issa), a suspected Al-Qaeda leader in Abyan province, was killed in fighting with the army in Zinjibar.
    (AFP, 7/19/11)

2011        Jul 19, US authorities announced 14 arrests of hackers and said they cooperated with British and Dutch authorities. They were arrested for allegedly mounting a cyberattack on PayPal’s website ion retaliation for the firm’s suspending the accounts of WikiLeaks.
    (AP, 7/20/11)(SFC, 7/20/11, p.A7)
2011        Jul 19, Harvard Univ. fellow Aaron Schwartz, a student of ethics, was charged with hacking into the MIT computer network to steal nearly 5 million academic articles from JSTOR.
    (SFC, 7/20/11, p.A7)
2011        Jul 19, NASA made available the first image of the asteroid Vesta shot from its Dawn spacecraft, 117 million miles from Earth.
    (SFC, 7/20/11, p.A7)
2011        Jul 19, In California 3 Central Valley hikers were swept over the 317-foot Vernal Fall in Yosemite National Park.
    (SFC, 7/21/11, p.A1)
2011        Jul 19, Mortar shells from Afghanistan killed four Pakistani soldiers, the latest cross-border escalation as Afghan Pres. Karzai and his Pakistani counterpart called for peace. NATO handed over responsibility for the security of Mehterlam, the capital of eastern Laghman province, to Afghan forces.
    (AFP, 7/19/11)(AP, 7/19/11)
2011        Jul 19, Britain’s PM David Cameron visited Nigeria, pushing a message of trade, aid and democracy before making an early return home to deal with the spiraling phone hacking crisis. Fresh clashes between Muslim and Christian youths left five people dead and 12 seriously injured in Jos.
    (AFP, 7/19/11)(AFP, 7/20/11)
2011        Jul 19, Britain's competition watchdog reiterated its ruling for Spanish-owned airports operator BAA to sell two more airports including London Stansted followed by Edinburgh or Glasgow Airport.
    (AFP, 7/19/11)
2011        Jul 19, British health bosses at Stepping Hill Hospital in Stockport, where three patients died after contaminated saline solution was found, said they were dealing with a "criminal act." Two more people died on July 14 and July 21. On July 20 Rebecca Leighton, a 26-year-old nurse at the hospital, was arrested on suspicion of murder. On August 2 prosecutors dropped their case against.
    (AFP, 7/19/11)(AP, 7/20/11)(AP, 7/22/11)(AFP, 9/3/11)
2011        Jul 19, In Burundi at least nine people died in clashes between unidentified "armed gangsters" and security forces in northwest Cibitoke province. Two soldiers, a police officer and six "gangsters" were among the dead.
    (AFP, 7/20/11)
2011        Jul 19, Egypt's interior minister ordered 54 police officers, on trial for killing protesters, be transferred to desk jobs in the ministry.
    (AFP, 7/19/11)
2011        Jul 19, The European Commission resumed aid to Niger, releasing 25 million euros ($35 million) after the west African nation returned to democracy this year following a coup.
    (AFP, 7/19/11)
2011        Jul 19, Gambian prosecutors charged Ndey Tapha Sosseh, the former president of the Gambia Press Union, with treason for attempting to overthrow the government of President Yahya Jammeh. She was currently living in exile in Mali.
    (AFP, 7/19/11)
2011        Jul 19, A Greek court found six members of a militant anarchist group guilty of terrorism charges and sentenced them to jail for involvement in bombings targeting two Greek politicians and a courthouse. They received sentences ranging from 11 to 25 years in prison. No one was injured in the bombings.
    (AP, 7/19/11)
2011        Jul 19, Guinea's democratically elected Pres. Alpha Conde survived an assassination attempt when gunmen descended on his home. At least one member of his security detail was killed, several more were wounded and portions of his house were destroyed by a rocket. Guinean security forces arrested 37 soldiers in the wake of the attack.
    (AP, 7/19/11)(AFP, 7/20/11)
2011        Jul 19, In Guinea-Bissau thousands took to the streets of Bissau for the second rally in five days to demand the resignation of PM Carlos Gomes Junior, accused of hindering an assassination probe. The country is classified by the United Nations as one of the world's poorest, coming in at 175 out of 177 on the Human Development Index.
    (AFP, 7/19/11)
2011        Jul 19, An Indian government official said the new Tumalapalli mine in Andhra Pradesh state could contain the largest reserves of uranium in the world.
    (AFP, 7/19/11)
2011        Jul 19, In Indonesia some 15,000 underprivileged Indonesian newlyweds from various faiths joined a mass reception to receive free marriage certificates that they otherwise could not afford.
    (AP, 7/19/11)
2011        Jul 19, Iran issued a new warning that it will halt supplies of crude to India unless the issue of billions of dollars in overdue payments is resolved. New Delhi has been struggling for more than six months to pay Tehran due to international banking sanctions imposed on the Islamic republic over its nuclear program.
    (AFP, 7/19/11)
2011        Jul 19, Israeli naval commandos seized control of a French ship attempting to break Israel's blockade of the Gaza Strip, reporting no resistance during the takeover in international waters. 16 people, including pro-Palestinian activists from France, Canada and Sweden, journalists and three crew members, were aboard the Dignity al-Karama, a French-based ship.
    (AP, 7/19/11)
2011        Jul 19, In Libya government forces shelled rebel positions near the strategic oil town of Brega. 27 rebels were killed with 83 wounded. More than 50 rebels have been killed in six days of fighting for Brega.
    (AP, 7/19/11)(AP, 7/20/11)
2011        Jul 19, Syrian activists said security forces have fired on a funeral procession in Homs, killing at least 10 people.
    (AP, 7/19/11)
2011        Jul 19, A Thailand Black Hawk helicopter crashed during bad weather in a forested area near Myanmar. 9 dead included an infantry division commander and a television cameraman. The craft had been sent to retrieve the bodies of five soldiers killed in the crash of another helicopter on July 16.
    (AP, 7/22/11)
2011        Jul 19, A United Arab Emirates fighter plane crashed during a training mission, killing the pilot.
    (AP, 7/20/11)
2011        Jul 19, In Venezuela a clash at a prison in San Felipe left six dead. Tension was high since July 17, when one group of inmates vying for control of the prison killed a leader of a rival group. Another prisoner was killed and 16 were being treated for burns after violence broke out in a prison in the western town of Cabimas.
    (AP, 7/19/11)
2011        Jul 19, In Yemen residents of Jaar, overrun by radical Islamists, said government shelling has killed more than 20 militants in the past two days. Ayed al-Shabwani, a senior leader of Yemen's al-Qaida branch, was killed in fighting near the town of Zinjibar. One of the leader's cousins, Awad al-Shabwani, was also killed in the fighting.
    (AP, 7/19/11)(AP, 7/21/11)

2011        Jul 20, Basketball star Yao Ming (30) announced his retirement after a trailblazing career that made him China's best-known athlete and helped spur the game's global growth.
    (AFP, 7/20/11)
2011        Jul 20, In Arizona a new law went into effect requiring prisoner visitors to pay a one-time $25 background check fee. In August the Tempe-based Middle Ground Prison Reform filed a lawsuit seeking to have the fee declared a tax and any money paid so far returned to visitors.
    (AP, 9/13/11)
2011        Jul 20, Minnesota ended a state government shutdown after 20 days, millions in lost revenue and frustration on the part of residents and lawmakers.
    (SFC, 7/21/11, p.A6)
2011        Jul 20, NYC authorities said a high-end prostitution ring catering to Wall Street clients, who often would spend over $10,000 for a night bingeing on sex and cocaine, has been busted and 17 people indicted.
    (Reuters, 7/20/11)
2011        Jul 20, The Los Angeles passed a pioneering new law intended to protect bicyclists from harassment by motorists.
    (SFC, 7/21/11, p.A6)
2011        Jul 20, Wells Fargo agreed to pay $85 million to settle Federal Reserve claims that it steered borrowers into costlier loans and falsified data in mortgage applications.
    (SFC, 7/21/11, p.D2)
2011        Jul 20, Zillow, an online real estate information site, went public at $20 per shares. Share value closed $35.77.
    (SFC, 7/21/11, p.A1)
2011        Jul 20, NASA said that the Hubble Space Telescope has found a 4th moon circling Pluto. It was later named Kerberos.
    (SFC, 7/21/11, p.A6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moons_of_Pluto)
2011        Jul 20, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber killed four people in Mazar-i-Sharif.
    (AFP, 7/23/11)
2011        Jul 20, In Bangladesh a Dhaka court indicted 430 people for serious crimes related to the February, 2009, mutiny among border guards.
    (SFC, 7/21/11, p.A2)
2011        Jul 20, Lucian Freud (b.1922), Berlin-born realist painter, died in London. The grandson of psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud was widely seen as Britain's top contemporary artist. In 2013 Geordie Greig authored “Breakfast with Lucian: The Astounding Lie and Outrageous Times of Britain’s Great Modern Painter." 
    (AFP, 7/22/11)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lucian_Freud)(Econ, 10/26/13, p.94)
2011        Jul 20, Five Dominican Republic students set a world record after reading aloud for 300 straight hours to raise awareness about books. And they kept going. Guinness World Records recognized the university students for breaking the previous record of 240 hours set in 2009 by a group of women from Miami Dade College.
    (AP, 7/20/11)
2011        Jul 20, In Ecuador a judge ordered Emilio Palacio, a former columnist for El Universo, and 3 of the paper’s directors, to pay Pres. Rafael Correa $40 million in damages for an article published in February, 2010, regarding a mutiny by police. Correa had asked for $80m. In September an appeals courts upheld 3-year prison sentences for the columnist and directors as well as $42 million in fines. On Feb 16, 2012, Ecuador's highest court upheld the criminal libel verdict.
    (Econ, 7/30/11, p.34)(SFC, 9/21/11, p.A2)(AP, 2/16/12)
2011        Jul 20, In Egypt Maj. Gen. Mamdouh Shaheen presented a new law barring foreign monitors for upcoming parliamentary elections. He said Egyptian election monitors will observe the process instead.
    (AP, 7/20/11)
2011        Jul 20, In Haiti a man (18) was sexually assaulted by peacekeepers from Uruguay on a UN base along the southern coast. The alleged attack only became public in late August when a video taken by cell phone was circulated and the UN announced an investigation. The six Uruguayan marines were expelled from Haiti in September and jailed at home while military and civilian prosecutors investigated allegations. The former peacekeepers were freed in January, 2012, pending a military trial on charges of violating rules against fraternizing with civilians inside military bases.
    (AP, 9/6/11)(AP, 1/9/12)
2011        Jul 20, Iran's Revolutionary Guard said it has shot down an unmanned US spy plane that was trying to gather information on the underground Fordo uranium enrichment site.
    (AP, 7/20/11)
2011        Jul 20, Ireland’s lawmakers declared that the Vatican encouraged Catholic bishops not to tell police about suspected pedophile priests sabotaging the 1996 Irish bishops’ decision to begin reporting suspected cases of child abuse to police.
    (SFC, 7/21/11, p.A3)
2011        Jul 20, In Jamaica a mother and daughter were beheaded by attackers who invaded their home in Spanish Town, a gritty area outside Kingston, near where a wanted 18-year-old gang member was found with his head chopped off earlier this week. On August 2 police said three suspects had been arrested and investigators sought six more.
    (AP, 7/21/11)(AP, 8/2/11)
2011        Jul 20, Kenyan authorities burned five tons of contraband elephant ivory in hopes of raising awareness about rising levels of poaching. Africa had 1.3 million elephants in the 1970s but only 500,000 remained today.
    (AP, 7/20/11)
2011        Jul 20, A magnitude-6.1 temblor centered in Kyrgyzstan hit shortly after midnight in a mountainous area some 20 miles (35 km) away from the eastern Uzbek city of Ferghana, which has a population of more than 200,000. The earthquake killed at least 14 people, including 13 in Uzbekistan and one in Tajikistan.
    (AP, 7/20/11)
2011        Jul 20, In Malawi demonstrations in the commercial center of Blantyre, in the capital and other major towns turned violent as protesters also looted several shops belonging to ruling party officials and allies of President Bingu wa Mutharika. At least one person was killed and several others injured.
    (AP, 7/20/11)
2011        Jul 20, The Mexican army in north-central state of Queretaro seized a cache of more than 926 tons (840 metric tons) of precursor chemicals used to make methamphetamines.
    (AP, 7/21/11)
2011        Jul 20, The Dutch government announced plans to equip 125 police officers with mobile devices that can scan detainees' fingerprints to check whether they are illegal immigrants.
    (AP, 7/20/11)
2011        Jul 20, Dutch prosecutors released some details about four Dutch citizens arrested on suspicion of involvement in cyber attacks as part of the loosely-knit hackers group known as "Anonymous." They said the suspects are thought to have belonged to a splinter group called AntiSec NL, which hacked the sites of dating service Pepper.nl and communications software maker Nimbuzz, among others.
    (AP, 7/20/11)
2011        Jul 20, Senegal’s Interior Minister Ousmane Ngom banned political protests in downtown Dakar, citing security reasons, just days before a mass rally planned to protest against the embattled regime.
    (AFP, 7/20/11)
2011        Jul 20, Serbia arrested Goran Hadzic (52), the last major war crimes suspect from the 1990s Yugoslav conflicts, closing what its president called a "burdensome" page in the country's history. The Croatian Serb wartime leader had been indicted in 2004 for crimes against humanity during the 1991-95 Croatian war.
    (Reuters, 7/20/11)
2011        Jul 20, Syrian security forces swept through restive neighborhoods, detaining dozens of people, including George Sabra, a key opposition figure. Authorities released prominent political activist Ali Abdullah of the Damascus Declaration opposition group, three days after he was taken from his home near Damascus.
    (AP, 7/20/11)
2011        Jul 20, The United Nations said it faces a $4.3 billion shortfall in helping the 50 million people worldwide in need of emergency food, shelter and other humanitarian aid. The UN declared famine in 2 regions of southern Somalia.
    (AP, 7/20/11)(SFC, 7/21/11, p.A2)
2011        Jul 20, Yemeni police officials said a British man was killed when his car blew up in what was likely a bombing in the port city of Aden.
    (AP, 7/20/11)

2011        Jul 21, The US Federal Election Committee ruled that John Edwards, the former North Carolina presidential candidate, must repay $2.3 million to the US Treasury mostly as a result of excessive matching funds that his 2008 campaign accepted. On Aug 5 the US Federal Election Commission ruled that Edwards must repay $2.2 million.
    (SFC, 7/22/11, p.A12)(SFC, 8/6/11, p.A6)
2011        Jul 21, The US Justice Department said  US authorities have arrested nearly 2,000 people on narcotics charges in a 20-month sting targeting Mexico's La Familia Michoacana drug cartel. The arrests and charges were carried out in 12 states and the US capital Washington in a major operation dubbed "Project Delirium."
    (AFP, 7/23/11)
2011        Jul 21, In Georgia Andrew DeYoung (37) was executed by lethal injection for the 1993 murder of his parents and sister. The videotaped execution was likely the first in the nation in almost 2 decades.
    (www.ajc.com/news/deyoung-executed-with-videographer-1033787.html)
2011        Jul 21, Express Scripts announced an agreement to buy larger rival Medco Health Solutions in a $29.1 billion deal. The combination would handle the prescriptions of more than one in three Americans.
    (SFC, 7/22/11, p.D3)
2011        Jul 21, The space shuttle Atlantis glided home to the Kennedy Space Center through a clear moonlit sky to complete a 13-day cargo run to the International Space Station and a 30-year odyssey for NASA's shuttle program.
    (Reuters, 7/21/11)
2011        Jul 21, Afghan security forces took over responsibility for the city of Herat, the country's western capital. 2 British nationals were reported detained in Herat as part of a counter-terrorism operation to stop a possible attack back home.
    (AFP, 7/21/11)
2011        Jul 21, Australian police raided the Sydney offices of Greenpeace over their destruction of an experimental crop of genetically modified wheat at a government research farm.
    (AFP, 7/21/11)
2011        Jul 21, Britain’s Financial Services Authority said it has fined insurance broker Willis Limited nearly £7 million for failing to ensure payments to overseas third parties were not used for corrupt purposes. The announcement came after Britain earlier this month implemented new bribery laws.
    (AFP, 7/21/11)
2011        Jul 21, Canada’s government began a website identifying 30 suspected war criminals that have entered the country illegally, mostly from Rwanda, Central and South America and from the Balkan states.
    (SFC, 7/22/11, p.A2)(SSFC, 7/24/11, p.A4)
2011        Jul 21, Ecuadoran authorities said they have seized 357 dead sharks from a boat fishing illegally in the protected waters off the Galapagos Islands.
    (SFC, 7/22/11, p.A2)
2011        Jul 21, El Salvador’s congress approved a ban on smoking in public places overriding a veto by Pres. Mauricio Funes.
    (SFC, 7/23/11, p.A2)
2011        Jul 21, Eurozone leaders agreed to give Greece euro109 billion ($156 billion) in new financing in a complex package that includes new loans, buybacks of Greek debt, and credit guarantees under the deal agreed.
    (AP, 7/22/11)(Econ, 7/30/11, p.65)
2011        Jul 21, EU leaders cut the interest rate on the Irish bailout.
    (Econ, 10/22/11, p.63)
2011        Jul 21, In Indonesia unidentified gunmen ambushed soldiers and killed one of them in the easternmost province of Papua. A small, poorly armed separatist group, known as Free Papua Movement, or OPM, has battled for independence since 1969.
    (AP, 7/21/11)
2011        Jul 21, Ivory Coast President Alassane Ouattara called on the new army to "clean up" its ranks as alleged violations continue three months after the end of the post-electoral crisis.
    (AFP, 7/21/11)
2011        Jul 21, Mzuzu, Malawi, suffered half of the deaths from two days of protests and rioting left at least 19 dead across the impoverished country. More than 275 people were arrested across the country during two days of rioting.
    (AFP, 7/22/11)(AFP, 8/9/11)
2011        Jul 21, In Nigeria a gun battle between soldiers and suspected Islamists broke out after a failed bomb attack in Maiduguri leaving one extremist dead.
    (AFP, 7/21/11)
2011        Jul 21, Senegal's government banned political demonstrations in front of government buildings and on major avenues and squares, just days before a planned opposition protest to call for the departure of President Abdoulaye Wade (85).
    (AP, 7/21/11)
2011        Jul 21, In Somalia Shebab spokesman Sheik Ali Mohamud Rage said Shebab won't allow banned aid workers into the areas it controls. He called the UN's declaration of famine in parts of Somalia politically motivated and pure propaganda. Shebab rebels in Balad abducted and detained Asha Osman Aqiil, a newly appointed woman minister, while she was on her way to take up office in Mogadishu.
    (AFP, 7/21/11)(AP, 7/22/11)
2011        Jul 21, About 100 Swazi AIDS activists marched to the finance ministry to demand that the kingdom not allow a crippling financial crisis to interrupt the supply of life-saving drugs. Swaziland has the world's highest HIV infection rate, with one in four adults carrying the virus.
    (AFP, 7/21/11)
2011        Jul 21, Syrian security forces swept through neighborhoods in Homs, firing machine guns and pulling people from their homes in a series of arrests. Activists said up to 50 people have been killed in Homs since the latest crackdown and sectarian violence began on July 16. 3-4 more people were reportedly killed in Homs.
    (AP, 7/21/11)(AP, 7/21/11)
2011        Jul 21, Eugene Koffi Adoboli (76), Togo’s former prime minister (1998-2000) was sentenced to five years in prison in absentia for allegedly embezzling some 1.2 million euros of the budget allocated for the construction of villas in the capital Lome in 1999. Adoboli, who has lived in Switzerland since 2002, strongly denied the accusations. Two other people were also sentenced in absentia over the allegations.
    (AFP, 7/27/11)(http://tinyurl.com/3wxoron)
2011        Jul 21, A Tunisian court opened two more trials of ousted president Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, now living in exile in Saudi Arabia, accusing him of corruption and property fraud. Hundreds of Tunisians rallied in the capital, denouncing the "violence and chaos" that persist six months after the toppling of authoritarian president Zine El Abidine Ben Ali.
    (AFP, 7/21/11)
2011        Jul 21, Yemeni Republican Guards shot dead one protester and wounded three in the second-largest city of Taez. 10 soldiers were killed and 33 wounded in fighting against militants at al-Code area, near Zinjibar, over the past 24 hours.
    (AFP, 7/21/11)(AP, 7/21/11)

2011        Jul 22, Pres. Obama formally certified that gays will be able to serve openly in the US military in 60 days as the controversial 17-year policy of “don’t ask, don’t tell" is repealed.
    (SFC, 7/23/11, p.A4)
2011        Jul 22, In NYC Mohammed Wali Zazi (55), the father of convicted terrorist Najibullah Zazi, was found guilty of charges that he destroyed evidence and lied to investigators to cover up his son’s al-Qaida sanctioned plot to attack NYC subways in 2009. On Feb 10, 2012, Wali Zazi was sentenced to 4½  years in prison.
    (SFC, 7/23/11, p.A6)(SFC, 2/11/12, p.A5)
2011        Jul 22, Temperature records tumbled on the US East Coast. Newark, New Jersey saw an air temperature of 108 degrees Fahrenheit (42 Celsius), the highest ever recorded in the city since records began there in 1931, and the hottest reported by the National Weather Service on the East Coast. Temperature in NYC hit 104.
    (AFP, 7/22/11)(SFC, 7/23/11, p.A4)
2011        Jul 22, In Afghanistan the NATO said int’l. and Afghan troops battled heavily armed insurgents holed up in caves and bunkers that served as a way station for foreign fighters crossing into the country from Pakistan. The two days of fighting in Paktika province killed more than 80 militants. An eight-year-old boy kidnapped by insurgents in southern Helmand province was hanged by the militants.
    (AP, 7/22/11)(AP, 7/24/11)(SSFC, 7/24/11, p.A5)
2011        Jul 22, In Chile mine workers at Escondida, the world's most productive copper mine,  went on strike. The main issue was a monthly production bonus. BHP owned a 57% share. Other major investors include Rio Tinto, Mitsubishi Corp. and International Finance Corp.
    (AP, 7/27/11)
2011        Jul 22, China said it had hooked its first so-called "fourth generation" nuclear reactor to the grid, a breakthrough that could eventually reduce its reliance on uranium imports.
    (AFP, 7/22/11)
2011        Jul 22, In China a fire on an overcrowded bus carrying flammable materials killed 41 passengers in Xinyang, Hunan province.
    (AFP, 7/22/11)
2011        Jul 22, In Curacao Moustapha Khalesa (20), a Dubai-born Canadian citizen, stabbed 24-year-old Kan Mei Chan of the US to death in a medical university dorm as she rushed to help a professor who Khalesa had also stabbed.
    (AP, 7/26/11)
2011        Jul 22, Three Georgian photographers were found guilty of spying for Russia but given suspended sentences and released after a 15-minute trial.
    (AP, 7/22/11)
2011        Jul 22, In Indian-controlled Kashmir thousands hurled rocks and shouted anti-India slogans protesting in a remote village, after a woman told police she was abducted and raped by army soldiers stationed in the disputed Himalayan region.
    (AP, 7/22/11)
2011        Jul 22, In Iraq separate bomb and gun attacks killed five policemen and wounded 17 other people in Baghdad and Baquba.
    (AFP, 7/22/11)
2011        Jul 22, More than Jordanian 300 youths demonstrated in Amman to condemn government "oppression" and "terrorizing" of the media, a week after several journalists were beaten up as they covered a pro-reform sit-in.
    (AFP, 7/22/11)
2011        Jul 22, In Libya NATO planes reportedly struck a pipe factory near the embattled oil city of Brega killing six guards.
    (AP, 7/22/11)
2011        Jul 22, UN food official Olivier De Schutter ended a five-day visit to Madagascar. He said nearly 70 percent of people living in the south of the island nation are food insecure and that the country has one of the world's highest levels of child malnutrition. He also said US and EU sanctions have led to major job losses and hurt agricultural development and urged nations to reconsider their sanctions.
    (AP, 7/23/11)
2011        Jul 22, Malawi authorities blocked a mass funeral for seven people killed during rioting in the northern town of Mzuzu, as troops patrolled main cities to prevent fresh unrest.
    (AFP, 7/22/11)
2011        Jul 22, Mexican officials said 2 police officers assigned to work with US diplomats have been killed in a drive-by shooting in Guadalupe, a suburb of Monterrey. Soldiers killed 6 gunmen who had apparently set up a highway roadblock in a rural area of Zacatecas state. Three people were also found killed in the resort city of Acapulco. A police officer who had been collecting weapons from drug gangs there was shot by assailants, who made off with at least two rifles.
    (AP, 7/22/11)
2011        Jul 22, A clash between Moroccan border guards and armed men coming from Algeria left one soldier dead.
    (AFP, 7/22/11)
2011        Jul 22, In Norway a powerful bomb tore open several Oslo buildings, including the prime minister's office. Police confirmed the explosion was caused by a bomb. A suspect in police custody, a blonde blue-eyed Norwegian with reported Christian fundamentalist, anti-Muslim views, was suspected in both the shootings at Utoya island and the massive explosion. Anders Behring Breivik (32), suspected in the bomb and shooting attacks that killed 77 people, including 69 on Utoya, had bought six tons of fertilizer weeks before the massacres. A manifesto he published online ranted against Muslim immigration to Europe and vowed revenge on "indigenous Europeans," whom he accused of betraying their heritage.
    (AP, 7/23/11)(AP, 7/24/11)(AP, 7/26/11)(AP, 7/30/11)
2011        Jul 22, In Pakistan authorities said a fresh wave of shootings has killed 11 people and wounded 18 in Karachi.
    (AP, 7/22/11)
2011        Jul 22, Sudanese police used tear gas in Khartoum to break up three separate protests at the lack of running water, two days after a similar demonstration in neighboring Gezira state.
    (AFP, 7/22/11)
2011        Jul 22, Tens of thousands of Syrians defied a massive security crackdown and flooded the streets of Damascus and other cities, insisting their protest movement was united and demanding the downfall of President Bashar Assad's regime. At least five people were reported killed, as security forces used batons, bullets and tear gas to disperse protesters.
    (AP, 7/22/11)(AP, 7/23/11)
2011        Jul 22, Shelling by Yemeni security forces killed a young girl and her mother in Taiz. Army forces fought with Islamists near Zinjibar in clashes that killed four combatants.
    (AP, 7/23/11)
2011        Jul 22, The United Nations named two Congolese army colonels who appear to be blocking an investigation of soldiers accused of mass gang-raping at least 47 women in eastern Congo, and said if the attackers are not identified the officers themselves should stand trial for the crimes committed by the troopers under their command. Col. Chuma Balumisa was commander of the operational area including the attacked villages, and Col. Bobo Kakudji was commander of overall operations in North Kivu during the New Year eve rapes.
    (AP, 7/22/11)

2011        Jul 23, In Texas Tan Do (35) opened fire at a child's birthday celebration at the Forum Roller World in Grand Prairie, killing five people, wounding four others and then killing himself as the private party turned to panic and some fled screaming in their skates. The dead included Do’s estranged wife, two of her sisters, her brother and her sister-in-law.
    (AP, 7/24/11)(SSFC, 7/24/11, p.A5)
2011        Jul 23, John Shalikashvili (b.1936), Polish-born former chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (1993-1997), died in Washington state.
    (SSFC, 7/24/11, p.C8)
2011        Jul 23, Asian football supremo Mohamed bin Hammam (62) was banned from the game for life after being found guilty of corruption following a two-day hearing of FIFA's ethics committee. The Qatari president of the Asian Football Confederation (AFC), had been accused of trying to buy votes in the FIFA presidential election with $40,000 cash gifts to Caribbean football officials.
    (AFP, 7/24/11)
2011        Jul 23, In Afghanistan NATO troops handed control of the northern capital Mazar-i-Sharif to local forces. It was the sixth of seven areas to transition to Afghan control. A NATO helicopter attack wounded 5 children in Helmand province. On July 25 Britain took responsibility for the attack, voicing "deep regret" and saying an investigation was under way.
    (AFP, 7/23/11)(AFP, 7/25/11)
2011        Jul 23, In Bahrain cleric Seyyed Abdullah al-Ghoreifi said authorities have demolished 30 Shiite mosques during their 5-month-old crackdown in the Sunni-ruled Gulf kingdom.
    (AP, 7/23/11)
2011        Jul 23, Thousands of people marched through the streets of Derby protesting the British governments decision to award a contract for new trains to Siemens, German engineering company.
    (Econ, 7/30/11, p.51)
2011        Jul 23, Amy Winehouse (b.1983), the beehived soul-jazz diva whose self-destructive habits overshadowed a distinctive musical talent, was found dead in her London home. On Oct 26 an inquest was told she had suddenly drunk heavily after abstaining from alcohol for three weeks and was poisoned by alcohol.
    (AP, 7/24/11)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amy_Winehouse)(AFP, 10/26/11)
2011        Jul 23, Canada returned Lai Changxing (52) to China where he is accused of running a $10 billion smuggling ring that dealt in everything from cars to oil in a scandal touching the government's highest levels.
    (AP, 7/23/11)
2011        Jul 23, In eastern China a crash involving two high-speed trains in Wenzhou city killed 40 people with 171 others injured. Rail officials later admitted that a Chinese-made signaling system was to blame and said the company that built it has apologized. 3 days after the crash legal authorities ordered lawyers not to take on cases from the families of victims. On Dec 28 a government report found 54 officials responsible for the crash.
    (AP, 7/24/11)(AFP, 7/30/11)(AFP, 8/11/11)(Econ, 8/6/11, p.34)(AP, 12/28/11)
2011        Jul 23, In Egypt groups of men armed with knives and sticks attacked thousands of protesters trying to march to the headquarters of the military rulers, setting off fierce street clashes and leaving more than 300 injured. The identity of the pro-army vigilantes could not immediately be determined.
    (AP, 7/23/11)(Econ, 7/30/11, p.41)
2011        Jul 23, In Iran gunmen firing from motorcycles killed Dariush Rezaeinejad (35), said to be an electronics masters’ student at Khajeh Nasir University in Tehran. Initial reports said a pair of gunmen firing from motorcycles killed Darioush Rezaei (35), a physics professor whose area of expertise was neutron transport. It was later reported that he participated in developing high-voltage switches, a key component that is crucial to setting off the explosions needed to trigger a nuclear warhead.
    (AP, 7/23/11)(AFP, 7/24/11)(AP, 7/28/11)
2011        Jul 23, In Israel tens of thousands marched in the coastal city of Tel Aviv to protest against rising housing prices and social inequalities in the Jewish state.
    (AFP, 7/23/11)
2011        Jul 23, Latvians voted by a large majority to sack their Parliament in a historic referendum, setting the stage for a snap election in September.
    (SSFC, 7/24/11, p.A4)
2011        Jul 23, Nguyen Cao Ky (b.1930), the flamboyant former air force general who ruled South Vietnam with an iron fist for two years (1965-1967) during the Vietnam War, died in Malaysia. In 2002 he authored "Buddha's Child: My Fight to Save Vietnam."
    (AP, 7/23/11)
2011        Jul 23, In Mexico 6 suspected cartel gunmen were killed in an overnight clash with soldiers in Ayotlan, Jalisco state. The army alleged that the men were members of the Zetas drug cartel, and said they found assault rifles, grenade launchers and ammunition at the scene. In Guadalajara a man was arrested trying to board a plane to Panama at the international airport carrying more than $290,000 in US currency hidden in a suitcase. In Acapulco two human heads were found on a highway bridge, wrapped in colorful plastic. The body of a third, 20-year-old man was found nearby riddled with bullets.
    (AP, 7/23/11)
2011        Jul 23, Mexican soldiers found a series of marijuana fields covering 148 acres (60 hectares) in the northern state of Durango. The army patrol also found 40 metric tons (44 US tons) of harvested marijuana at the plantation.
    (AP, 7/25/11)
2011        Jul 23, In Nigeria a bomb exploded in a busy neighborhood in Maiduguri. A witness said at least eight people were killed. Amnesty International said the Nigerian Joint Military Task Force responded by shooting and killing at least 23 people, apparently at random.
    (AP, 7/24/11)(AFP, 7/25/11)
2011        Jul 23, In Pakistan an anti-Taliban militia killed 13 militants in 2 days of clashes in the northwestern Kurram tribal region. Gunmen riding on a motorcycle shot and killed five laborers at a construction site for a mosque in southwestern Baluchistan.
    (AP, 7/23/11)
2011        Jul 23, Rescuers in Scotland said they have guided 44 pilot whales stranded in an estuary back to sea, but 25 other whales from the pod did not survive the incident and died.
    (AP, 7/23/11)
2011        Jul 23, Senegal's opposition went ahead with a protest and thousands of demonstrators poured into a square after a last-minute change to the venue to skirt a ban on demonstrations issued by the government. They amassed at Place de l'Obelisque, just outside Dakar's downtown district, to demand the departure of President Abdoulaye Wade (85) who is attempting to run for a third term.
    (AP, 7/23/11)
2011        Jul 23, In Spain several hundred people, angry about their country’s economic crises, protested on the outskirts of Madrid following a month-long march from their hometowns.
    (SSFC, 7/24/11, p.A4)
2011        Jul 23, In South Sudan rebel leader Gatluak Gai was shot and killed by his own men in oil-rich Unity state days after he signed a peace deal to integrate his forces into the southern army.
    (AP, 7/23/11)
2011        Jul 23, Voters in Sri Lanka's northern Tamil heartland trickled to polling stations to elect local councils following the country's long civil war. Election monitoring group Campaign for Free and Fair Elections said in a statement that uniformed men suspected to be members of the military were forcibly collecting voting cards apparently to rig the elections. It reported such incidents took place in 20 villages.
    (AP, 7/23/11)
2011        Jul 23, A Syrian passenger train derailed and caught fire near Homs, killing the driver and injuring 14 passengers, after "saboteurs" tore out part of the tracks.
    (AP, 7/23/11)
2011        Jul 23, President Hugo Chavez (56) returned to Venezuela after spending almost a week in Cuba to receive chemotherapy treatment for his cancer.
    (AP, 7/24/11)   

2011        Jul 24, Pres. Obama signed an executive order blocking the property of transnational criminal organizations. It declared that the infiltration of financial and commercial markets by transnational criminal groups to be a national emergency.
    (www.archives.gov/federal-register/executive-orders/2011.html)(Econ, 12/31/11, p.57)
2011        Jul 24, Wedding fever hit New York, as hundreds of gay and lesbian couples lined up to be married on the first day that same-sex marriage was legal in the state.
    (Reuters, 7/24/11)
2011        Jul 24, Dan Peek (60), a founding member of the 1970s soft rock trio America, died. The group’s hits included “A Horse With No Name."
    (SFC, 7/25/11, p.A6)
2011        Jul 24, In Afghanistan NATO forces battling insurgents along a highway in Wardak province accidentally killed three civilians who were caught in the crossfire.
    (AP, 7/24/11)
2011        Jul 24, Pirates seized the Rbd Anema e Core, an Italian tanker with a crew of 23, off Benin in the Gulf of Guinea.
    (AFP, 7/24/11)
2011        Jul 24, Cadel Evans won the Tour de France, becoming the first Australian to capture cycling's most prestigious title.
    (AP, 7/24/11)
2011        Jul 24, Germany said that it is loaning Libya's rebel leadership €100 million ($144 million) to help with the country's rebuilding and humanitarian needs.
    (AP, 7/24/11)
2011        Jul 24, In India the Darul Uloom seminary, one of the world's most revered schools of Islamic learning, ousted Ghulam Mohammed Vastanvi (60), its reformist leader, just months into his term, after he praised a Hindu nationalist politician loathed by many Indian Muslims.
    (AP, 7/24/11)
2011        Jul 24, An Iraqi anti-terrorism official said security forces have smashed an Al-Qaeda network allegedly responsible for more than 100 killings in Baghdad, including attacks on Oct 31, 2010, May 8 and May 26 this year. The network consisted of 16 militants and had been led by Wissam Yasin Alwan, also known as Abu Samir, who committed suicide last week when police tried to arrest him in central Baghdad's Baab al-Muadham district.
    (AFP, 7/24/11)
2011        Jul 24, In Libya NATO warplanes blitzed a string of military targets in Tripoli, as Moamer Kadhafi blamed a "colonial plot" for the conflict engulfing his country. The latest NATO strikes came after rebel forces said they had lost 16 fighters in two days of fighting for Zliten and had infiltrated the capital and attacked a regime command post where a son of the strongman was among officials targeted.
    (AFP, 7/24/11)
2011        Jul 24, In northwest Pakistan a suicide bomber blew himself up at an army checkpoint in South Waziristan, killing one soldier and wounding two others.
    (AP, 7/24/11)
2011        Jul 24, South Africa’s Johannesburg City Press reported that the African National Congress' Youth League firebrand Julius Malema has an alleged "secret fund" into which local businessmen are reported to have paid large sums of money in return for help winning government contracts.
    (AP, 7/24/11)
2011        Jul 24, Sudan launched a new currency, six days after the newly independent south did so amid fears of a currency war, but the central bank said it was ready to negotiate with Juba on the old money.
    (AFP, 7/24/11)
2011        Jul 24, Syria's government endorsed a draft law that it says will allow the formation of political parties alongside President Assad's ruling Baath Party, part of a series of promised reforms that the opposition has dismissed as largely symbolic. The bill still needed to be endorsed by parliament and will likely be presented for debate at the next session on August 7. Troops stormed a northwestern village and made sweeping arrests in the region and in the capital Damascus.
    (AP, 7/25/11)
2011        Jul 24, In Yemen a suicide attacker driving a pickup truck packed with explosives blew himself up outside an army camp in Aden, killing at least 8 army soldiers and wounding dozens.
    (AP, 7/24/11)

2011        Jul 25, President Barack Obama addressed the nation and criticized a newly minted Republican plan to avert an unprecedented government default. He said congressional leaders must produce a compromise that can reach his desk before the Aug. 2 deadline.
    (AP, 7/25/11)
2011        Jul 25, California Governor Jerry Brown signed into law a bill allowing illegal immigrants to receive privately funded scholarships to attend the state's public colleges and universities.
    (Reuters, 7/25/11)
2011        Jul 25, In New Hampshire Celina Cass (11) disappeared from her house in West Stewartstown, a mile from the Canadian border. Divers found her body on August 1 near a hydroelectric dam that spans the Connecticut River between Stewartstown and Canaan, Vt.
    (AP, 7/27/11)(AP, 8/1/11)
2011        Jul 25, In Algeria three suspects, including two would-be suicide bombers, were killed by security forces around 60km (36 miles) east of Algiers following a tip-off. The dead included Abdelkahar Belhadj, the son of former Islamic leader Ali Belhadj.
    (AFP, 7/27/11)(AFP, 7/28/11)
2011        Jul 25, The Catholic Church in Australia apologized for the forced adoption of babies from young, unwed mothers in the 1950s, '60s and '70s, saying the practice was "deeply regrettable."
    (AFP, 7/25/11)
2011        Jul 25, A court in Burundi found Frenchman Patrice Faye (58) guilty of raping five teenagers, giving him a 25-year jail sentence and a fine of 14,000 euros ($20,000). Faye was accused of raping five girls aged 13 to 17, students at a school he set up for poor children. He denied the charges and said a doctor had confirmed that three of his accusers were still virgins.
    (AFP, 7/25/11)
2011        Jul 25, Guinea’s national communications council banned media from reporting on "the attack against the head of state, as well as any interactive broadcast of a political nature." The media ban was lifted on July 28.
    (AFP, 7/27/11)(AFP, 7/29/11)
2011        Jul 25, In India some 3,000 eunuchs met in Kolkata to draft a strategy to highlight the poverty, discrimination and sexual abuse faced by them. The term eunuch is used in India to describe transvestites, transsexuals and others who identify themselves as neither male nor female but as a members of a third gender.
    (AP, 7/25/11)
2011        Jul 25, Iranian forces shelled suspected rebel outposts in Iraq's semiautonomous Kurdish region, killing two Iraqi civilians.
    (AP, 7/25/11)
2011        Jul 25, Israeli security forces intercepted on the Dead Sea carrying assault rifles and ammunition from Jordan.
    (AP, 7/25/11)
2011        Jul 25, In Jerusalem Christian, Jewish and Muslim leaders joined forces to launch a multi-faith environmental campaign, the Interfaith Centre for Sustainable Development, citing religious injunctions to protect the Earth across their three faiths.
    (AFP, 7/25/11)
2011        Jul 25, Kosovo’s government sent special police units to the Serb-inhabited north to seize two border points which had been beyond its control since independence.
    (Econ, 8/6/11, p.43)
2011        Jul 25, The Libyan government showed foreign journalists a destroyed flu clinic in Zlitan and food warehouses it said had been hit earlier in the day by NATO airstrikes, killing eight people. NATO denied that it had targeted civilians and said it had only hit a number of military objectives in the area.
    (AP, 7/25/11)
2011        Jul 25, Maltese lawmakers have approved a law allowing citizens of this heavily Catholic Mediterranean island to divorce in their own country. The law takes effect in October, after Malta's president signs it. The ruling Nationalist Party had opposed divorce.
    (AP, 7/25/11)
2011        Jul 25, In Mexico a gun battle in a rural area south of Mexico City led to the death of nine suspected gunmen. Police also reported two dead in Acapulco. They were found shot to death on a major avenue. 5 gunmen were killed in a firefight and car chase with soldiers on a highway in Nuevo Leon near Laredo, Texas. A deadly clash between two rival gangs erupted at the state prison in Ciudad Juarez when a group of inmates entered the preventive detention area and opened fire on inmates. At least 17 inmates were killed. Soldiers and federal and state police officers took control of the prison early the next day. In October police found three pistols, two machine pistols and an assault rifle hidden in cell blocks at prison.
    (AP, 7/25/11)(AP, 7/26/11)(AP, 10/5/11)
2011        Jul 25, Pakistani police said at least 16 people have died over the past 24 hours as renewed violence involving rival ethnic and sectarian groups continued to rock Karachi.
    (AFP, 7/25/11)
2011        Jul 25, Saudi authorities blocked the website of Amnesty International inside the kingdom following criticism of a controversial new anti-terrorism draft law.
    (AP, 7/25/11)
2011        Jul 25, Senegal police detained Thiat, a member of the rap group Y An A Marre (the name means "We've had it"), which has been a leading force behind mass protests calling for the resignation of aging President Abdoulaye Wade.
    (AP, 7/25/11)
2011        Jul 25, Sierra Leone said it has launched a five-year plan to regulate the sale and use of small arms, which still abound a decade after the end of a civil war, causing insecurity.
    (AFP, 7/25/11)
2011        Jul 25, A Southern Sudanese official said northern Sudan has declared "economic war" by violating an agreement and issuing a new currency just weeks after the two countries split. He said the north had agreed not to issue a new currency until six months after the south did. The move will cost the southern government at least $700 million.
    (AP, 7/25/11)
2011        Jul 25, Sudan jailed journalist Amal Habani for reporting the alleged rape of a female opposition activist by security forces.
    (AFP, 7/25/11)
2011        Jul 25, Syrian security forces tightened their siege of neighborhoods in the city of Homs, sending military reinforcements and cutting mobile and land lines in the Khaldieh and Bayada districts. Troops shot dead three civilians in central and northern Syria.
    (AP, 7/25/11)(AP, 7/26/11)
2011        Jul 25, Taiwanese Major General Lo Hsien-che (51), lured by a honey trap into spying for China, was sentenced to life in prison by a military high court, in one of the island's worst espionage cases for half a century. He was indicted in May for spying and taking bribes from China beginning in 2004.
    (AFP, 7/25/11)
2011        Jul 25, Thailand's anti-corruption body filed complaints against three former Cabinet ministers and an ex-governor of Bangkok that allege wrongdoing in a 2004 contract to buy fire trucks and boats for the Thai capital.
    (AP, 7/26/11)
2011        Jul 25, Vietnam named Truong Tan Sang (62), a longtime rival of PM Nguyen Tan Dung, as its new president, a largely symbolic post in the communist nation.
    (AFP, 7/25/11)

2011        Jul 26, Oregon Rep. David Wu (56) said he would resign his Democratic seat in the US Congress following allegations of sexual misconduct with a teenage girl.
    (SFC, 7/25/11, p.A7)
2011        Jul 26, Afghan President Hamid Karzai outlined conditions governing negotiations for a future strategic partnership with the United States as he met defense chiefs at his palace.
    (AFP, 7/26/11)
2011        Jul 26, In Algeria a suicide bomber blew himself up to avoid arrest in the eastern town of Bouhamza, causing no other casualties.
    (AFP, 7/27/11)
2011        Jul 26, Australia authorities said a lethal bat-borne horse virus has been detected in a dog for the first time, prompting fears it has jumped species.
    (AP, 7/26/11)
2011        Jul 26, Australian painter Margaret Olley (88), one of Australia's most important and respected artists, was found dead at her Sydney home. She was best known for her colorful still life paintings.
    (AP, 7/26/11)
2011        Jul 26, In China hundreds of people rioted in the southwest after security forces reportedly beat a disabled street vendor to death in Guizhou province's Anshun city.
    (AFP, 7/27/11)
2011        Jul 26, China’s Jiaolong undersea craft, named after a mythical sea dragon, reached 5,057 meters (16,591 feet) below sea level in a test dive in the northeastern Pacific. In 1960 the US Navy reached the bottom of the Mariana Trench, the deepest point in the world's oceans at 11,000 meters.
    (AFP, 7/26/11)
2011        Jul 26, In Haiti a sailboat that sank off the country's northern coast killing at least 12 people. Police rescued at least 19 people, but 21 passengers remained missing.
    (AP, 7/29/11)
2011        Jul 26, Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu unveiled a series of reforms to address a massive housing crisis which has sparked the biggest social protests seen in the Jewish state since the 1970s. He said some 50,000 homes would be built and put on the market in the next 18 months, and pledged to build 10,000 dormitory places for university and college students, who would also benefit from subsidized public transport.
    (AFP, 7/26/11)
2011        Jul 26, Kosovo's special police forces, that moved into the country's disputed north overnight to extend the government's writ at borders with Serbia, will withdraw as part of a deal between Kosovo and Serbia and mediated by NATO.
    (AP, 7/26/11)
2011        Jul 26, In south Lebanon a roadside bomb blew up next to a United Nations convoy carrying French peacekeepers, wounding at least five of them in the second attack on the UN force in two months.
    (AP, 7/27/11)
2011        Jul 26, In Malawi more than 250 people appeared in courts to face charges over violent anti-government demonstrations last week.
    (AP, 7/26/11)
2011        Jul 26, In Mexico the body of Yolanda Ordaz de la Cruz, a police beat reporter, was found in the Gulf coast state of Veracruz, the second reporter from the same newspaper slain in a month. She had been missing since July 24. Shepherds came across two decomposing bodies near a dirt road in the town of Juarez and alerted police. Another 16 bodies were buried underneath.
    (AP, 7/26/11)(AP, 7/27/11)
2011        Jul 26, In Morocco a C-130 military transport plane crashed into a mountain in Western Sahara in bad weather, killing 78 people. There were three survivors.
    (AP, 7/26/11)
2011        Jul 26, Nigeria's central bank jacked up its main interest rate by 0.75 points to 8.75 percent, the fourth increase in six months in a move aimed at putting a lid on inflation.
    (AFP, 7/26/11)
2011        Jul 26, In Norway the defense lawyer for Anders Behring Breivik says the terror suspect claims he is part of an organization with several cells in Western countries and his attacks in Norway were necessary because he's in a state of war.
    (AP, 7/26/11)
2011        Jul 26, Gaza's Hamas government executed two Palestinians convicted of spying for Israel.
    (AP, 7/26/11)
2011        Jul 26, The UN refugees agency said some 40,000 famine-hit people have fled to the Somali capital Mogadishu over the past month in search of food and water. An estimated 3.7 million people in Somalia, around a third of the population, are on the brink of starvation and millions more in Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda have been affected by the worst drought in the region in 60 years.
    (AFP, 7/26/11)
2011        Jul 26, Syria’s Cabinet endorsed draft legislation that would enable newly formed political parties to run for parliament and local councils.
    (AP, 7/27/11)

2011        Jul 27, House Democrats said that President Barack Obama should invoke a little-known constitutional provision to prevent the nation from going into default if Congress fails to come up with a plan to raise the debt ceiling. The 14th amendment says that the validity of the nation's public debt "shall not be questioned." However, only Congress has the authority to extend the government's borrowing authority.
    (AP, 7/27/11)
2011        Jul 27, Florida authorities captured Frederick Barrett (60) in Colorado. He had escaped in 1979 ago from the Florida prison where he was serving a life sentence for murder. Barrett was convicted of killing a traveling companion on the Florida Turnpike in February 1971.
    (AP, 7/29/11)
2011        Jul 27, The Chicago Sun-Times reported that Illinois Rep. Joe Walsh, the tea party-backed Republican who squeaked into office last year by vowing to bring fiscal responsibility to Washington and who has been one of President Barack Obama's most outspoken critics during the standoff over the debt ceiling, is being sued for more than $100,000 in unpaid child support.
    (AP, 7/29/11)
2011        Jul 27, Pfc. Naser Abdo (21) was arrested at a Texas motel about three miles from Fort Hood's main gate. The AWOL infantry soldier was caught with weapons and a bomb inside a backpack and admitted planning what would have been Fort Hood's 2nd terrorist attack in less than two years. He had spoken out against the 2009 Fort Hood shootings last year as he made a public plea to be granted conscientious objector status to avoid serving in Iraq or Afghanistan.
    (AP, 7/29/11)
2011        Jul 27, In Afghanistan Kandahar Mayor Ghulam Haidar Hamidi (64), a close ally of Afghan President Hamid Karzai, was assassinated in a suicide attack.
    (AFP, 7/27/11)(Econ, 8/6/11, p.75)
2011        Jul 27, In Australia a 25-year-old unemployed truck driver (online nickname "Evil"), who had been unable to find a job in information technology, faced 49 charges after a six-month investigation into his online activities.
    (AP, 7/27/11)
2011        Jul 27, Britain officially recognized Libya's main opposition group as the country's legitimate government, and expelled all diplomats from Moammar Gadhafi's regime.
    (AP, 7/27/11)
2011        Jul 27, Chadian rebels denounced the repatriation and imprisonment of 27 senior members of their force captured in Sudan.
    (AFP, 7/27/11)
2011        Jul 27, China’s Ministry of Public Security said police had rescued 81 children from a major child trafficking ring in Hebei province.
    (SFC, 7/28/11, p.A2)
2011        Jul 27, Honduras authorities seized a semi-submersible craft off the country's Caribbean coast. The crew tried to sink it but officials recovered 7.3 tons (6.6 metric tons) of cocaine.
    (AP, 7/29/11)
2011        Jul 27, An Indian judge investigating corrupt mining practices in a resource-rich southern state said that illegal extraction had cost the public $3.6 billion. He accused politicians in Karnataka, including the state's chief minister B.S. Yeddyurappa, of causing the losses from 2006 to 2010 through the illicit mining of iron ore, much of which is thought to have been shipped to China. A day later Yeddyurappa offered to quit following the charges.
    (AFP, 7/27/11)(AFP, 7/28/11)
2011        Jul 27, India and Pakistan's foreign ministers insisted relations were back on track after peace talks that highlighted a "new era" of cooperation over the ruptures of the past. It was the first meeting of the arch-rivals' foreign ministers for a year.
    (AFP, 7/27/11)
2011        Jul 27, An Indian army officer was shot dead in a battle with rebels along the de facto Kashmir border. The latest fighting came after Indian foreign minister S.M. Krishna and his Pakistani counterpart, Hina Rabbani Khar, outlined in New Delhi the countries' commitment to fight militancy, boost trade and sustain the peace process.
    (AFP, 7/28/11)
2011        Jul 27, In Kosovo some 200 Serbs attacked police outposts on the border with Serbia, setting one of them on fire and killing Kosovo policeman Enver Zymberi. As the masked Serbs attacked, European Union police on the scene leaped into their cars and fled the area. In late August EU special police launched an operation related to a criminal investigation of the attack.
    (AP, 7/28/11)(AP, 8/31/11)
2011        Jul 27, In Mexico six men were shot to death and four were wounded by assailants at a fair in the town of Yurecuaro, Michoacan state. Three men who had been tortured and shot in the head were found dead on the outskirts of the Morelia, the capital of Michoacan.
    (AP, 7/27/11)
2011        Jul 27, Mozambique’s state daily Noticias said the country’s highest decision-making body, the Council of Ministers, has endorsed measures to criminalize embezzlement, influence peddling, and graft.
    (AFP, 7/27/11)
2011        Jul 27, Niger announced the creation of the High Authority to Combat Corruption to step up its fight against graft.
    (AFP, 7/27/11)
2011        Jul 27, In the Philippines winners were announced for Asia's Magsaysay award this year for giving green technologies to the poor. They included US-trained Indian engineer Harish Hande (44) for bringing solar lights to a country where half of all households have no electricity; Indonesian social worker Tri Mumpuni (46) was recognized after her IBEKA foundation built 60 small power plants harnessing the energy of water stored in dams to bring electricity to half a million people; and Dutch marine engineer Auke Idzenga's Alternative Indigenous Development Foundation won for using an ancient, near-forgotten technology, the ram pump, to help impoverished communities on Negros island. Other winners included a man who set up an Islamic school for girls in Indonesia, a lender to India's poorest, and a man working to restore democracy in Cambodia after the Khmer Rouge murdered his father.
    (AFP, 7/27/11)
2011        Jul 27, In the Philippines heavy rains and floods battered the northeast for a third day, swamping homes of about a half million people. Tropical Storm Nock-ten was expected to blow out of the country to the South China Sea by July 28 after cutting through the heart of Luzon Island. The death toll reached 52 with 27 still missing.
    (AP, 7/27/11)(AFP, 7/31/11)
2011        Jul 27, Scottish teenager Jake Davis (18) was arrested with 16 computers in the Shetland Islands. This was the alleged nerve center of Lulz Security (LulzSec), a group of internet hackers whose targets included computer-security and online gaming firms. The group had broken from Anonymous, another hacker group, three months earlier. Ryan Cleary (19) was arrested in June at his home in Wickford, Essex, charged with attacking websites as part of LulzSec.
    (Econ, 8/6/11, p.49)(http://shetlopedia.com/Jake_Davis)(AFP, 8/30/11)
2011        Jul 27, South Korean scientists said they have created a glowing dog using a cloning technique that could help find cures for human diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's.
    (Reuters, 7/27/11)
2011        Jul 27, In South Korea walls of mud buried 10 college students sleeping in a resort cabin and flash floods submerged the streets and subway stations in Seoul, killing at least 36 people in the country’s heaviest rains this year.
    (AP, 7/27/11)(SFC, 7/28/11, p.A2)
2011        Jul 27, It was reported that the price of a cow in Juba, South Sudan, has risen to between $375 and $560. The price for a bride ranged from 150 cows to 400.
    (SFC, 7/25/11, p.D2)
2011        Jul 27, UNAMID, the joint African Union-UN peacekeeping force, said air strikes 2 weeks ago around the village of Abu Hamara in Sudan's war-torn Darfur region killed one civilian and prompted villagers to flee their homes.
    (AFP, 7/27/11)
2011        Jul 27, In Swaziland a court overturned a government application to stop protesters from demonstrating over the king's handling of an economic crisis.
    (AP, 7/28/11)
2011        Jul 27, Syrian troops opened fire on scores of people in a Damascus suburb, killing at least 8 people trying to halt the soldiers' advance by throwing stones and burning tires. Zainab al-Hosni (18) was abducted by plainclothes individuals believed to be members of the security forces, apparently to pressure her activist brother Mohammad Deeb al-Hosni to turn himself in. On Sep 23 it was reported that her family found her corpse by chance as they searched for her activist brother's body in Homs. The family said she had been decapitated, her arms cut off, and skin removed.
    (AP, 7/27/11)(AP, 9/23/11)
2011        Jul 27, Zimbabwe police arrested 13 members of the Restoration of Human Rights group, who staged a protest outside a court where allegations of police assaults and torture were to be raised. The High Court again postponed an appeal for bail by eight activists of the prime minister's former opposition group accused over the killing of a police inspector in May.
    (AP, 7/27/11)

2011        Jul 28, The Obama administration accused Iran of entering into a secret deal with an Al-Qaida offshoot that provides money and recruits for attacks in Afghanistan and Pakistan.
    (SFC, 7/29/11, p.A7)
2011        Jul 28, In NYC the United States opened discussions with North Korea, in a move testing Pyongyang's willingness to negotiate giving up its nuclear arsenal.
    (AFP, 7/28/11)
2011        Jul 28, Scientists reported that they have found a single gene responsible for a disease called the Proteus syndrome, believed to been responsible for the disfigured “Elephant Man," who toured Europe in the 19th century.
    (SFC, 7/29/11, p.A8)
2011        Jul 28, Peter Berg, co-founder of the Diggers and founder of the Planet Drum Foundation, died in San Francisco. The Diggers were a radical community-action group of activists and Improv actors (1966-68), based in the Haight-Ashbury neighborhood.    
    (SSFC, 8/14/11, p.C9)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diggers_%28theater%29)
2011        Jul 28, In Afghanistan triple suicide blasts and shootings killed 21 people including a local BBC reporter in an ongoing attack on Uruzgan province. It was the deadliest to hit Afghanistan in more than a month. On September 8 NATO acknowledged that Afghan journalist Ahmed Omed Khpulwak (25) was accidentally killed by an American soldier, who mistook him for a suicide bomber.
    (AFP, 7/28/11)(AP, 7/29/11)(SFC, 9/9/11, p.A2)
2011        Jul 28, Australian farmer Steve Marsh launched legal action against neighbor Michael Baxter after genetically modified canola blew onto his farm, prompting authorities to strip him of his organic license.
    (AFP, 7/28/11)
2011        Jul 28, Bahraini police raided a medical center operated by the Paris-based Doctors Without Borders (MSF) saying it was "unlicensed."
    (AP, 8/4/11)
2011        Jul 28, In northern Bangladesh a crowded bus collided head on with a truck, killing at least 17 people and injuring 30.
    (AP, 7/28/11)
2011        Jul 28, Britain’s Business Secretary Vince Cable said he is to scrap a raft of "ridiculous" business regulations including alcohol licenses to sell chocolate liqueurs and age limits on buying Christmas crackers.
    (AFP, 7/28/11)
2011        Jul 28, In CongoDRC more than 100 people were feared dead after a boat accident on the Tshuapa river in the northwest.
    (AFP, 7/29/11)(SFC, 7/29/11, p.A2)
2011        Jul 28, Cyprus Pres. Demetris Christofias dismissed his cabinet.
    (Econ, 8/6/11, p.63)
2011        Jul 28, In Iraq a suicide bomber and a car bomb struck an Iraqi bank in Tikrit where policemen were picking up their paychecks, killing 12 and wounding 34 people. An Iraqi Kurd boy (10) was killed in shelling by Tehran's forces of Iranian Kurdish separatist bases in Battas, northern Iraq.
    (AP, 7/28/11)(AP, 7/29/11)
2011        Jul 28, In Jordan a military court convicted the Palestinian-born mentor of al-Qaida in Iraq's slain leader Abu Musab al-Zarqawi on terrorism charges and sentenced him to five years in prison. Isam Mohammed Taher al-Barqawi, better known as Sheik Abu-Mohammed al-Maqdisi, was found guilty of "plotting terrorism" and recruiting militants in Jordan to join the Taliban in Afghanistan. Three other Jordanian-Palestinians, including a fugitive who was tried in absentia, were found guilty of the same charges.
    (AP, 7/28/11)
2011        Jul 28, In Kosovo American and French peacekeepers under NATO took control of two customs posts on the northern border with Serbia after they were attacked by Serbs armed with firebombs.
    (AP, 7/28/11)
2011        Jul 28, In western Libya hundreds of rebels launched a broad offensive against government forces, seizing three small towns and advancing on others to secure a major supply route near the Tunisian border. Four rebel fighters were killed and several wounded. Abdel-Fattah Younis, the rebel military chief, was killed along with two aides while on route to Benghazi for questioning by rebel authorities. Younis was Gadhafi's interior minister before defecting to the rebels early in the uprising. Rebel minister Ali Tarhouni later said Younes was killed by the Obaida Ibn Jarrah Brigade, which was mainly comprised of former prisoners of Gaddafi's notorious Abu Salim prison in the capital Tripoli, who had always distrusted Younes.
    (AP, 7/28/11)(AP, 7/29/11)(Reuters, 7/30/11)   
2011        Jul 28, Dozens of ethnic black Mauritanians rallied to denounce a census they feel aims at depriving them of their citizenship in a country riven by ethnic and racial strife.
    (AFP, 7/28/11)
2011        Jul 28, Mexico's Army seized five metric tons of marijuana near the US border in Puerto Penasco, a beach city popular with visitors from Arizona.
    (AP, 7/30/11)
2011        Jul 28, Mozambique’s official opposition party, the former rebel group Renamo, said it will build barracks for its demobilized soldiers to "defend democracy." The first barracks will be built in the northern provinces of Cabo Delgado and Niassa, and in the central provinces of Sofala and Zambezia, one-time Renamo strongholds.
    (AFP, 7/28/11)
2011        Jul 28, Palestinian police raided the West Bank home of a rival of President Mahmoud Abbas. The raid targeted Mohammed Dahlan, a former security chief in the Gaza Strip who was expelled from Fatah in June because of his repeated criticism of the president. Police arrested 23 guards and assistants, and confiscated 16 guns, a computer and two vehicles.
    (AP, 7/28/11)
2011        Jul 28, In Peru Ollanta Humala, the leftist military man who won the presidency after abandoning a radical platform, promised in his inaugural address to make his priority the one in three Peruvians still mired in poverty.
    (AP, 7/28/11)
2011        Jul 28, In the Philippines Abu Sayyaf militants killed 7 marines, severing the heads of two of them, and wounded 27 others who were about to raid their jungle camp in southern Sulu province. The militants withdrew into the woods after 5 hours of fighting and government forces captured their hide-out.
    (AP, 7/28/11)(AFP, 7/29/11)
2011        Jul 28, In Somalia heavy fighting erupted in Mogadishu as African Union peacekeepers launched an offensive aimed at protecting famine relief efforts from attacks by al-Qaida-linked militants. At least six people were killed. The WFP said that it has a funding shortfall of $252 million for the famine relief efforts in the Horn of Africa.
    (AP, 7/28/11)
2011        Jul 28, A South Korean Asiana Airlines cargo plane crashed in waters off southern Jeju resort island. South Korean pilot, identified by the airline as Choi Sang-ki, was flying a Boeing-747 with a co-pilot, transporting computers, semiconductors, resin solution and paint among other items to Pudong in China.
    (AP, 7/28/11)
2011        Jul 28, South Sudan became the 54th member of the African Union (AU) after it received a majority vote from member states, including one from Sudan.
    (AFP, 7/28/11)
2011        Jul 28, In Sri Lanka Pattani Razeek, managing trustee of non-governmental organization the Community Trust Fund, was exhumed by police after a tip-off from two suspects arrested in relation to the case. The prominent human rights activist has been missing since Feb 2010.
    (AFP, 7/29/11)
2011        Jul 28, In Swaziland thousands of people participated in a second day of demonstrations over the  handling of an economic crisis by King Mswati III.
    (AP, 7/28/11)
2011        Jul 28, A global campaigning organization, Avaaz.org, said that one person disappears in Syria every hour and that almost 3,000 people have gone missing since the start of the uprising against President Bashar Assad more than four months ago.
    (AP, 7/28/11)
2011        Jul 28, In Yemen clashes with government troops in a mountainous area north of the capital killed at least eight anti-government fighters.
    (AP, 7/28/11)

2011        Jul 29, President Barack Obama told deeply divided Republicans and Democrats to stop bickering and find a way "out of this mess." House of Representatives Speaker John Boehner's failure to round up enough support exposed a rift in the Republican Party that could complicate efforts to reach a compromise to raise the US debt ceiling before the august 2 deadline. The Republican-controlled House approved emergency legislation (218-210) to avoid an unprecedented government default. Senate Democrats scuttled it less than two hours later in hopes of a better deal.
    (Reuters, 7/29/11)(AP, 7/29/11)
2011        Jul 29, President Barack Obama and automobile manufacturers announced a deal  designed to save American drivers money at the pump and dramatically cut heat-trapping gases coming from tailpipes. The agreement requires that car and light trucks achieve an average fuel economy of 54.5 mpg by 2025, up from 35.5 mandated by 2016.
    (AP, 7/29/11)(SFC, 7/30/11, p.A1)
2011        Jul 29, A US federal court said that human genes can be patented, reversing a 2010 decision against patents held by Myriad Genetics. Patents on genes have been awarded for almost 30 years.
    (SFC, 7/30/11, p.D2)
2011        Jul 29, Law enforcement officials said they struck a major blow against illegal marijuana cultivation on public lands in the heart of Northern California pot country. US Attorney Melinda Haag said a two-week operation to purge the Mendocino National Forest of illicit pot gardens uprooted 460,000 pot plants and led to more than 100 arrests.
    (AP, 7/29/11)
2011        Jul 29, Yahoo Inc., Japan's Softbank Corp. and the China’s Alibaba Group said they have agreed on a compensation plan involving the Web payment service Alipay.
    (AP, 7/29/11)
2011        Jul 29, In Afghanistan 18 civilians died when a roadside bomb destroyed their minivan in Helmand province. In a separate incident one person was killed and four others wounded when their tractor hit an improvised bomb in the Garmser district of Helmand. 4 policeman were also killed and another wounded in fighting with insurgents overnight in Helmand. Insurgents killed seven Afghan soldiers and a translator alongside two NATO service members in a bombing and ambush in eastern Paktia province. Police acting on tips in Kunar province intercepted six would-be suicide bombers who local residents said were on their way to conduct an attack in the provincial capital of Asadabad.
    (AP, 7/29/11)(AP, 7/30/11)
2011        Jul 29, Angolan officials said 2 children have died from a wave of mysterious poisonings over the last two days in schools, but police have yet to identify the toxin that has sown panic in the country. Nearly 570 cases have been recorded across the country.
    (AFP, 7/29/11)
2011        Jul 29, In Argentina French tourists Cassandre Bouvier (29) and Moumni Houria (20) were found dead in Buenos Aires. They were last seen alive two weeks earlier. On Aug 6 authorities detained seven people, including the son and daughter of a high-ranking local police official, for questioning in the rape and slaying of the two French tourists. DNA and ballistics evidence later implicated some of the eight suspects arrested in the case.
    (AP, 8/7/11)(AP, 8/16/11)
2011        Jul 29, An Austrian court rejected an extradition request from Serbia for Jovan Divjak, a former general in the Bosniak army, ruling that his right to a fair trial on suspicion of war crimes would be in doubt.
    (AP, 7/29/11)
2011        Jul 29, Bahrain's main Shiite opposition formation slammed the national dialogue's recommendations submitted to King Hamad a day earlier, saying they do not represent its demands or the will of the people. Al-Wefaq reiterated its demands for an "elected government," an "elected parliament which has full legislative powers," and a "fair and independent judicial system" in the Shiite-majority Gulf nation.
    (AFP, 7/29/11)
2011        Jul 29, Tobacco companies suffered a major defeat in Canada when the Supreme Court ruled the federal government is not liable for damages from health-related lawsuits, possibly amounting to many billions of dollars.
    (Reuters, 7/29/11)
2011        Jul 29, In Egypt tens of thousands of people filled Cairo's central Tahrir Square for a rally that turned into a show of force for ultraconservative Salafi Muslims and other Islamists in their growing rift with liberal activists. 150 men in trucks and on motorbikes rampaged through El-Arish, firing assault rifles in the air, driving terrified residents into their homes. 3 civilians, an army officer and a police officer were killed in clashes that followed, and 19 people wounded. Armed forces arrested 12 men, including 3 Palestinians, suspected of involvement in the attack.
    (AP, 7/29/11)(AFP, 7/30/11)
2011        Jul 29, India's top court halted iron ore extraction in Karnataka state, home to some of the country's biggest deposits, after revelations about a $3.6-billion mining fraud.
    (AFP, 7/29/11)
2011        Jul 29, In Iran a blast hit a pipeline carrying natural gas from Iran to Turkey, forcing a cut in supply.
    (AFP, 7/29/11)
2011        Jul 29, Japan's PM Naoto Kan pledged a "revolutionary" shift away from atomic power and towards renewable energy in the wake of the Fukushima nuclear disaster.
    (AFP, 7/29/11)
2011        Jul 29, In Jordan some 3,000 Muslim Brotherhood activists in Amman took an oath to continue peaceful protests until their demands for political reform are met.
    (SFC, 7/30/11, p.A2)
2011        Jul 29, NATO forces in Kosovo withdrew from a barricade put up by hundreds of Serbs on Friday to avoid confrontation with Serb extremists blocking the peacekeepers from reaching a base in the Serb-run north.
    (AP, 7/29/11)
2011        Jul 29, The pre-trial judge for the UN tribunal investigating the death of former Lebanese prime minister Rafiq Hariri, confirmed the names of four Hezbollah suspects indicted in the case. The four named in the indictment are: Salim Ayyash; Mustafa Badreddine; Hussein Anaissi and Assad Sabra. The names of the four, whose whereabouts are unknown, were revealed by the Lebanese government late last month after being leaked by the local media.
    (AFP, 7/29/11)
2011        Jul 29, The top Mexican federal prosecutors in 21 of the country's 31 states and federal district resigned. It came a week after the department had announced that 111 of its staff had been charged with crimes and 192 more fired for botching cases.
    (AP, 8/1/11)
2011        Jul 29, Mexican authorities captured Jose Antonio Acosta Hernandez (33) in Chihuahua. He was identified as the head of La Linea, a gang of hit men and corrupt police officers who act as enforcers for the Juarez Cartel. Hernandez was wanted by the US government on charges of murdering a US consulate employee and her husband last year in Ciudad Juarez.
    (AP, 7/31/11)
2011        Jul 29, Morocco's King Mohammed VI pardoned 14 prisoners and commuted the sentences of 954 others, on the eve of his coronation's 12th anniversary.
    (AFP, 7/29/11)
2011        Jul 29, Parts of North Korean land mines washed down a swollen river into South Korea, and troops searched for other mines that may have been dislodged by deadly landslides and flooding that has stricken the peninsula. A 2-day downpour left at least 40 people dead.
    (AP, 7/29/11)(SFC, 7/29/11, p.A2)
2011        Jul 29, In southwestern Pakistan unidentified gunmen opened fire on a bus stand in Quetta, Baluchistan, killing seven Shiite pilgrims waiting to travel to neighboring Iran.
    (AFP, 7/29/11)
2011        Jul 29, In Somalia 3 African Union troops were killed and dragged through the streets in Mogadishu as fighting erupted between pro-government forces and Islamist rebels.
    (AFP, 7/29/11)
2011        Jul 29, In Sri Lanka about 1,000 deaf people took to the streets of capital Colombo to demand equal rights, social recognition and more sign language translators, with an official saying only about four are currently qualified.
    (AP, 7/29/11)
2011        Jul 29, In Swaziland a "national convention" opened, aiming to bring together civil society groups to map out how the small southern African kingdom could begin negotiations toward multi-party democracy. King Mswati III snubbed the gathering after being invited to deliver an opening address.
    (AFP, 7/30/11)
2011        Jul 29, Syrian troops fired live ammunition and tear gas on tens of thousands of protesters calling for the regime's ouster in several cities around the country, killing at least one demonstrator in Latakia. A bomb blast struck a major oil pipeline in western Syria, causing oil to spill into a nearby lake. State television said the explosion was a "terrorist" attack by a group of "saboteurs." 4 people were killed during a raid on the Damascus suburb of Kiswah. One person was killed when troops entered the eastern border town of al-Boukamal near Iraq's border.
    (AP, 7/29/11)(AP, 7/30/11)
2011        Jul 29, Turkey’s top commanders suddenly quit to protest the arrest of dozens of generals as suspects in an alleged plot to overthrow the country's Islamic-rooted government. Gen. Isik Kosaner resigned as the military's chief of staff along with the commanders of the navy, the army and the air force.
    (AP, 7/30/11)
2011        Jul 29, President Yoweri Museveni of Uganda began a four-day visit to neighboring Rwanda and met with his Rwandan counterpart Paul Kagame upon arrival. Media in both countries had reported that relations were strained over reports that Ugandan security operatives had met with two former senior Rwandan military officers who now oppose Kagame.
    (AFP, 7/31/11)
2011        Jul 29, In eastern Ukraine a pre-dawn methane explosion at the notoriously dangerous Suhodilska-Eastern mine in the Luhansk region killed 20 workers. Hours later an elevator used to transport miners and equipment into and out of the Bazhanova mine in the eastern Donetsk region collapsed, killing 7 workers. 10 miners all told remained missing.
    (AP, 7/29/11)(AP, 7/30/11)
2011        Jul 29, In Yemen tens of thousands turned out in cities across the country to call for the ouster of pres. Saleh. In the south government airstrikes targeting al-Qaida-linked militants accidentally killed 40 pro-government tribesmen outside Zinjibar. North of Sanaa two days of clashes with the army left 17 anti-government tribesmen dead, prompting their powerful tribe to threaten attacks against Sanaa's international airport. Al-Qaeda elements stationed in Dofas (Abyan province) attacked army units there using machine guns, killing 2 officers and 4 soldiers, and wounding 9 others. 5 members of the extremist network were also killed during the attack and four more were wounded. At least 42 people were killed in violence which rocked several towns across the southern province of Abyan.
    (AP, 7/30/11)(AFP, 7/30/11)(SFC, 7/30/11, p.A2)(SSFC, 7/31/11, p.A4)(AFP, 8/1/11)

2011        Jul 30, In a last-minute stab at compromise, Republican congressional leaders and the White House made significant progress toward a deal to avert a government default threatened for early next week. Under the plan, the nation's debt limit would rise in two steps by a total of about $2.4 trillion and spending would be cut by a slightly larger amount.
    (AP, 7/31/11)
2011        Jul 30, In Alaska two small planes collided. One managed to land in Anchorage, the other crashed killed a pilot, his wife and their 2 children.
    (SSFC, 7/31/11, p.A10)(SFC, 8/1/11, p.A5)
2011        Jul 30, In Ohio a new model of a Wright brothers biplane crashed near Springfield killing 2 volunteer pilots.
    (SFC, 8/1/11, p.A5)
2011        Jul 30, The Afghan intelligence service said it has arrested army officer Gul Mohammad, a senior Defense Ministry official, who allegedly leaked secrets that helped the Taliban stage suicide attacks in Kabul. The agency also it has arrested Maulvi Rahimullah, a senior Taliban official accused of leading an insurgent propaganda campaign in eastern Afghanistan, and Maulvi Sabor, an insurgent who allegedly helped organize an April 1 attack. 10 Afghan security guards were killed in Ghazni in an attack on a convoy carrying supplies to international troops.
    (AP, 7/30/11)(AFP, 7/31/11)
2011        Jul 30, A Colombian judge ordered the arrest of Bernardo Moreno (51), former President Alvaro Uribe's chief of staff, for alleged involvement in spying on judges, journalists and politicians by the domestic security agency.
    (AP, 7/30/11)
2011        Jul 30, In Egypt unidentified gunmen attacked a terminal on the gas pipeline to Israel for the fifth time since February.
    (AFP, 7/30/11)
2011        Jul 30, A Caribbean Airlines jet coming from New York crashed and broke in two while landing in Guyana with 163 people aboard, causing several injuries but no deaths.
    (AP, 7/30/11)
2011        Jul 30, A US-Iraqi raid north of Baghdad killed tribal sheikh Hamid Hassan and two of his family members. Local leaders branded the attack as a "massacre" of civilians. Hassan (65) was the leader of a branch of the Rufayat tribe.
    (AFP, 7/30/11)
2011        Jul 30, Ivory Coast President Alassane Ouattara fired the head of public television after no news team was sent to cover his return from a trip to the United States.
    (AFP, 8/1/11)
2011        Jul 30, In Indian-controlled Kashmir 10 people were killed when an overcrowded bus veered off a mountain road and fell into a rocky stream.
    (AP, 7/30/11)
2011        Jul 30, NATO warplanes bombed three Libyan state TV satellite transmitters in Tripoli overnight, targeting facilities that have been used to incite violence and threaten civilians. 3 state television journalists were killed and 15 other people were reported wounded.
    (AP, 7/30/11)(AP, 7/31/11)
2011        Jul 30, In Mexico six employees of a nationally prominent polling firm disappeared in Apatzingan, Michoacan state, while working ahead of the state's upcoming race for governor.
    (AP, 8/1/11)
2011        Jul 30, Morocco's King Mohammed VI called for parliamentary elections to be held soon, in his first speech since a July 1 referendum overwhelmingly approved curbing some of his prerogatives.
    (AFP, 7/30/11)
2011        Jul 30, In southwest Nigeria two women and a male pilot died after a helicopter crashed in a hilly area outside Ife-Odan in Osun state.
    (AP, 7/30/11)
2011        Jul 30, In Pakistan gunmen opened fire on a commuter van and a rickshaw in Quetta, Baluchistan province, killing at least 11 Shiite Muslims.
    (SSFC, 7/31/11, p.A7)
2011        Jul 30, Panamanian police seized more than half a ton of heroin inside an abandoned truck parked along a road in the remote coastal town of Gobea. It was the largest seizure of the drug in the country's history.
    (AP, 8/1/11)
2011        Jul 30, Three Saudis were beheaded in the western city of Taef after being convicted of killing fellow citizens in two separate incidents.
    (AFP, 7/30/11)
2011        Jul 30, In Swaziland talks on democratic reforms in Africa's last absolute monarchy stumbled as the Swaziland Federation of Trade Unions, the country's largest labor group, walked out of a civil society meeting.
    (AFP, 7/30/11)
2011        Jul 30, Syrian troops stormed the eastern city of Deir el-Zour and barraged neighborhoods with heavy machine gun fire. One person was shot dead in a nearby village.
    (AP, 7/30/11)
2011        Jul 30, Tropical Storm Nock-ten hit north-central Vietnam killing one person. The storm had already left at least 50 people dead in the Philippines.
    (SSFC, 7/31/11, p.A4)
2011        Jul 30, Influential Yemeni tribal leaders announced the creation of what they have named the "Alliance of Yemeni Tribes," a coalition to bolster six months of anti-Saleh protests.
    (AFP, 8/1/11)

2011        Jul 31, President Barack Obama and Republican congressional leaders reached historic agreement on a compromise to permit vital US borrowing by the Treasury in exchange for more than $2 trillion in long-term spending cuts. The Treasury's authority to borrow would be extended beyond the 2012 elections. No votes were scheduled in either house of Congress before Aug 1, to give rank and file lawmakers time to review the package.
    (AP, 7/31/11)
2011        Jul 31, A top Afghan prosecutor said up to 40 people were allegedly involved in scams to bilk hundreds of millions of dollars from Kabul Bank, which nearly collapsed last year. Deputy Attorney General Rahmatullah Nazari said that nearly half the cases will be referred to Afghan courts next week.
    (AP, 7/31/11)(AFP, 7/31/11)
2011        Jul 31, In Afghanistan 12 policemen and a child were killed when a suicide car bomber struck outside police headquarters in the southern city of Lashkar Gah. 3 foreign troops died “as a result of a non-battle related injury" in the west. Another ISAF soldier died after an insurgent attack in the south. A NATO airstrike in the Wama district of Nuristan province, near the border with Pakistan, killed four Afghan police officers at a checkpoint. Coalition forces detained 12 police officers following the airstrike.
    (AFP, 7/31/11)(AP, 8/1/11)
2011        Jul 31, Chinese police shot dead 5 terrorist suspects and 6 civilians in Xinjiang province,  bringing to 18 the death toll in weekend violence in the troubled ethnic region. This followed a day of clashes in Kashgar that killed 7 people and injured 22. Minority Uighurs have been blamed for previous violence in the region.
    (AP, 7/31/11)(SFC, 8/1/11, p.A2)
2011        Jul 31, In Dominica 3 masked men brandishing a machete, a hatchet and a plank of wood demanded money from the US couple outside their Pagua Bay House hotel and restaurant in Marigot. Irish national Joseph Costello was attacked when he rushed from his hotel room to help. He was pronounced dead at the scene.
    (AP, 8/4/11)
2011        Jul 31, In India B.S. Yeddyurappa (68), head of the Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party government in Karnataka state, resigned. He was accused of being at the center of a $3.6 billion mining fraud.
    (AFP, 7/31/11)
2011        Jul 31, In India hundreds of protesters took to the streets of New Delhi for India's first "Slut Walk," to protest at an alarming rise in sexual assault cases and the growing sense of insecurity among women.
    (AFP, 7/31/11)
2011        Jul 31, In eastern Indonesia clashes between supporters of rival candidates in upcoming local elections killed 17 people and injured dozens in remote Papua province.
    (AP, 7/31/11)
2011        Jul 31, Japan’s PM Naoto Kan criticized the country's nuclear safety agency for allegedly trying to plant questions aimed at supporting atomic energy at public forums. An estimated 1,700 people rallied in the capital of the Fukushima region, home to a crippled atomic power plant, calling for an end to nuclear energy.
    (AP, 7/31/11)(AFP, 7/31/11)
2011        Jul 31, Libya's rebels overran the base of a rogue faction, members of the al-Nidaa Brigade, suspected of breaking pro-Gadhafi fighters out of an opposition prison. The violence came two days after suspected al-Nidaa members attacked two prisons in Benghazi, facilitating the escape of some 200 to 300 inmates, including mercenaries, pro-Gadhafi fighters and regime loyalists.
    (AP, 7/31/11)
2011        Jul 31, Tropical storm Mufia, named after a Chinese flower, approached the Philippines. It had already left 2 people dead and caused the 2,400-ton MV Trans Asia Malaysia cargo ship to sink. All 155 aboard were rescued.
    (AFP, 7/31/11)
2011        Jul 31, Russian police detained dozens of antigovernment activists in Moscow and St. Petersburg. Opposition leaders have called for demonstrations on the last day of every month with 31 days in reference to the 31st Article of the Russian Constitution, which guarantees freedom of assembly.
    (SFC, 8/1/11, p.A2)
2011        Jul 31, In Russia an overloaded motor boat crashed into the docked Oka barge on the Moscow River in pre-dawn darkness, killing nine of the 16 people on board.
    (AP, 7/31/11)
2011        Jul 31, Serbia's parliament, after a heated 10-hour debate, passed a resolution calling for a peaceful resolution of the nation's worst crisis with Kosovo since the province declared independence three years go.
    (AP, 7/31/11)
2011        Jul 31, In Somalia tens of thousands of famine-stricken refugees were cold and drenched after torrential rains pounded their makeshift structures overnight, leading to appeals for aid. The World Food Program said it cannot reach 2.2 million Somalis who live in al-Shabab controlled territory in south-central Somalia. Armed men in Mogadishu shot and killed Somali lawmaker Kalif Jire Warfa.
    (AP, 7/31/11)(AFP, 8/1/11)
2011        Jul 31, Syrian security forces reportedly killed at least 74 people, including 55 in Hama, in an escalation of the crackdown on protests ahead of the Muslim holy month of Ramadan. State-run news agency SANA said that gunmen in Hama and Deir el-Zour had erected barricades and sand barriers in the streets, and that extremists in Hama torched police stations and that 2 policemen, an officer and 2 soldiers were killed.
    (AP, 7/31/11)(AP, 8/1/11)
2011        Jul 31, In Uganda a huge fire gutted the largest market in central Kampala destroying merchandise worth hundreds of thousands of dollars. Much of the Owino market was destroyed by fire in 2009.
    (AFP, 7/31/11)
2011        Jul 31, In southern Yemen at least 15 suspected Al-Qaeda militants were killed in army air raids in and around the restive city of Zinjibar.
    (AFP, 8/1/11)
2011        Jul 31, In northern Zimbabwe 19 people were reported killed when the commuter bus they were traveling in lost a wheel and veered off the road in the town of Mvurwi.
    (AFP, 7/31/11)

2011        Jul, Chile’s Supreme Court ruled that ex-colonel Miguel Krassnoff (b.1946), serving a 144-year prison sentence for crimes, was one of 20 people certified as agents of repression related to the kidnapping and killing of government opponents during Pinochet's rule between 1973 and 1990.
    (AP, 11/22/11)(http://tinyurl.com/6pqlp9g)
2011        Jul, A meteor shower dropped rocks from Mars on the ground in Morocco. 15 pounds of the rocks were found in December.
    (SFC, 1/18/12, p.A7)
2011        Jul, In Peru Susana Baca (67), the country’s best-known musician, accepted an offer to join President Ollanta Humala's government becoming the country's first black Cabinet minister.
    (AP, 9/15/11)
2011        Jul, In South Korea 46 soccer players were arrested this month as part of an investigation in match fixing.
    (Econ, 7/23/11, p.39)

2011        Aug 1, The Obama administration sued to block enforcement of Alabama's new immigration law, widely considered to be the toughest measure in the United States to try to crack down on illegal immigrants.
    (Reuters, 8/1/11)
2011        Aug 1, The US House of Representatives voted 269-161 to approve the debt-limit deal reached by leaders a day earlier. Democrats provided 95 votes as 66 Republicans voted no.
    (SFC, 8/2/11, p.A1)
2011        Aug 1, Central Falls, Rhode Island, filed for bankruptcy as it faced unfunded pension and benefit liabilities nearly 4 times its annual budget. Former state Supreme Court Justice Robert G. Flanders Jr. became the receiver superseding the powers of the elected city officials.
    (Econ, 12/3/11, p.89)(http://tinyurl.com/7lwpbxg)(AP, 1/15/12)
2011        Aug 1, BBC journalists began a second 24-hour strike in a row over job losses, threatening disruption to some of the broadcaster's flagship programs.
    (AFP, 8/1/11)
2011        Aug 1, Chinese authorities shot dead two Uighur men suspected of fomenting deadly ethnic unrest in Kashgar and vowed a further crackdown on "religious extremists." The deaths bring to 21 the number of people reported killed in Kashgar since the weekend. China blamed Islamic radicals trained in Pakistan for the attacks. Many of Xinjiang's roughly nine million Turkic-speaking Uighurs are unhappy with what they say has been decades of political and religious repression, and the unwanted immigration of the Han, China's dominant ethnic group.
    (AFP, 8/2/11)(SFC, 8/2/11, p.A3)
2011        Aug 1, CongoDRC officials arrested Colonel Balumisa Chuma as he was smuggling a convoy of minerals in the east of the country.
    (AFP, 8/3/11)
2011        Aug 1, In Egypt troops clashed with protesters camping out at a central Cairo square as military police move in to dismantle their tents.
    (AP, 8/1/11)
2011        Aug 1, In Germany a Berlin state court ordered breweries to stop advertising beer as something good for peoples’ looks and health.
    (SFC, 8/2/11, p.A2)
2011        Aug 1, In Guinea 16 people, including 10 soldiers, were charged with attempted assassination for an attack on Pres. Alpha Conde's home two weeks ago. Witness Jean Kolie said 60 people were wounded in a clash that erupted last week when residents in southern Guinea refused to let the government expropriate their land for oil and rubber production.
    (AFP, 8/2/11)(AP, 8/3/11)
2011        Aug 1, In India at least five people died in a bomb blast in the Sangakpham Bazaar in Imphal, Manipur state, which has been plagued for decades by separatist militants.
    (AFP, 8/1/11)(SFC, 8/2/11, p.A2)
2011        Aug 1, In Indonesia unknown gunmen killed four people in a pre-dawn ambush on a road outside Jayapura, Papua province.
    (AFP, 8/2/11)
2011        Aug 1, Israeli soldiers shot dead 2 Palestinian stone throwers overnight in the Qalandiya refugee camp in the West Bank. Moatassem Adwan (22) and Ali Khalifa (23) were killed by soldiers as they carried out arrests in the camp.
    (AFP, 8/1/11)
2011        Aug 1, Italian officials said 25 African migrants trying to reach Italy from Libya died in the hold of a rickety boat so packed with people that the migrants could not get out as they struggled to breathe.
    (AP, 8/1/11)
2011        Aug 1, NATO sent reserve forces to Kosovo and removed roadblocks put up by Serbs in Kosovo's north, but barricades still remain following a week of violence that left one Kosovo policeman dead.
    (AP, 8/1/11)(AP, 8/2/11)
2011        Aug 1, In Libya forces loyal to Kadhafi were again in control of the village of Josh at the foot of the western Nafusa mountains. Rebels had taken the village a day earlier.
    (AFP, 8/1/11)
2011        Aug 1, Malta sentenced Rev. Charles Pulis and Rev. Godwin Scerri to 5 and 6 years in prison after they were convicted of sexually abusing boys under their care in St Joseph's Home for children more than 20 years ago.
    (AP, 8/2/11)
2011        Aug 1, In Mexico Moises Montero Alvarez (42), nicknamed "The Korean," was captured along with a 21-year-old and two teenagers believed to be accomplices. Alvarez is suspected of being a leader in the local Independent Cartel of Acapulco. Alvarez is accused of helping to carry out the Sept. 30 kidnapping of 20 vacationing men from Michoacan state. 3 marines were apparently kidnapped by drug cartels in the Gulf coast state of Veracruz.
    (AP, 8/2/11)(AP, 8/15/11)
2011        Aug 1, Niger security forces broke up demonstrations by hundreds of people after weeks of electricity cuts, with several protesters wounded and arrested.
    (AFP, 8/1/11)
2011        Aug 1, North Korea launched a massive synchronized dance and gymnastics show meant to glorify its leaders and unify its people ahead of a crucial anniversary next year.
    (AP, 8/2/11)
2011        Aug 1, In Pakistan a US drone strike targeting a vehicle near the Afghan border killed at least four militants in South Waziristan. 23 people were reported gunned down in Karachi.
    (AFP, 8/1/11)(AP, 8/2/11)
2011        Aug 1, In the Philippines 8 police officers were arrested after Commission on Human Rights chief Loretta Ann Rosales alerted the interior ministry to two videos she said showed a group of naked and blindfolded police recruits being force-fed and rubbed with red-hot chilies. 6 more officers were soon arrested in a widening investigation.
    (AFP, 8/4/11)
2011        Aug 1, In Somalia 2 African Union soldiers and two would-be suicide bombers, dressed as government soldiers, were killed during a shootout in Mogadishu.
    (AFP, 8/1/11)
2011        Aug 1, South African coal miners ended their weeklong strike after signing a pay rise agreement ranging from 7.5 to 10.5 percent.
    (AFP, 8/2/11)
2011        Aug 1, A South Korean prosecutor said officials have arrested five South Koreans on suspicions of spying for North Korea.
    (AP, 8/1/11)
2011        Aug 1, Sri Lanka acknowledged for the first time that civilian casualties occurred in the final phase of its 26-year civil war against Tamil Tiger rebels, but called the deaths unavoidable.
    (AP, 8/1/11)
2011        Aug 1, Syrian troops kept up attacks on the restive city of Hama on the start of the Muslim holy month of Ramadan. The EU expanded its sanctions against Syria, imposing asset freezes and travel bans against five more military and government officials. Some 24 people were reported killed in Hama. Activists later said 130 civilians were killed in the first day of the attack in Hama.
    (AP, 8/1/11)(AP, 8/2/11)(AP, 8/31/11)
2011        Aug 1, In Yemen 2 tribesmen and 2 soldiers were killed in fierce clashes near the strife-torn country second city of Taez.
    (AFP, 8/1/11)

2011        Aug 2, Pres. Obama signed the Budget Control Act of 2011. This was emergency legislation to avoid a government default on the national debt a little more than an hour after it passed the Senate. The act called for mandatory cuts, the sequester, to spur a deal to reduce the deficit.
    (AP, 8/2/11)(Econ, 2/23/13, p.27)
2011        Aug 2, The US Senate recessed and left without resolving a partisan standoff over a bill to end the partial shutdown of the Federal Aviation Administration. This left the FAA unable to collect taxes on airline ticket sales and already cost the government over $200 million.
    (SFC, 8/3/11, p.A2)
2011        Aug 2, Former Detroit Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick (41) was released from prison in Jackson, Mi., on parole but still faced a federal corruption trial.
    (SFC, 8/3/11, p.A9)
2011        Aug 2, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber blew up his car outside a compound frequented by foreigners just after dawn, killing four guards, as two other militants stormed the building in Kunduz city and engaged the Afghan police in a two-hour gunbattle. The building was used by two security companies, at least one of whom provides security for GIZ, a German development and assistance organization that contracts mostly with the German government.
    (AP, 8/2/11)
2011        Aug 2, Robyn Gardner (35), of Frederick, Maryland, vanished after snorkeling with her companion off the western tip of Aruba. On Aug 6 police detained her traveling companion Gary V. Giordano (50), as he sought to fly back to the US. Giordano had an accidental-death insurance policy on Gardner for $1.5 million and sought to claim the money two days after reporting her missing.
    (AP, 8/9/11)(AP, 8/18/11)
2011        Aug 2, Brazil’s Pres. Dilma Rousseff announced her long-awaited industrial policy. It included the abolishment of a 20% payroll tax for the labor intensive industries of clothing, footwear, furniture and software effective October 1.
    (Econ, 8/6/11, p.32)
2011        Aug 2, A Brazilian Air Force plane crashed near the city of Bom Jardim da Serra in the state of Santa Catarina, killing all eight people aboard.
    (AP, 8/2/11)
2011        Aug 2, London’s Metropolitan Police, investigating phone hacking and police bribery at the defunct British tabloid News of the World, arrested Stuart Kuttner (71), a former News of the World managing editor.
    (AP, 8/2/11)
2011        Aug 2, China's eastern city of Hangzhou offered its taxi drivers a subsidy of one yuan ($0.16) per trip in a bid to end a two-day strike in the tourism hub.
    (AFP, 8/2/11)
2011        Aug 2, In the Dominican Rep. journalist Jose Silvestre was killed. On Aug 9 a prosecutor said hotel owner Matias Avelino Castro wanted to prevent journalist Jose Silvestre from publishing a planned story that linked Avelino to a murder and drug trafficking. An arrest warrant was issued for Avelino but his whereabouts were unknown.
    (AP, 8/9/11)
2011        Aug 2, French authorities agreed to extradite Manuel Noriega back to Panama.
    (SFC, 8/3/11, p.A2)
2011        Aug 2, A Guatemalan court sentenced three former special forces soldiers to 6,060 years in prison each for the Dec 7, 1982, massacre of 201 men, women and children at Dos Erres during the country's civil war. The sentences for Manuel Pop Sun, Reyes Collin Gualip and Daniel Martinez included 30 years for each death, plus 30 years for crimes against humanity. The three men are former members the Guatemalan military's elite Kaibil unit.
    (AP, 8/2/11)
2011        Aug 2, Haitian lawmakers rejected President Michel Martelly's second pick for prime minister. 16 senators voted against the nomination of Bernard Gousse, a controversial former justice minister. The rest of the 30-member Senate refrained from voting.
    (AP, 8/2/11)
2011        Aug 2, In southern India at least 10 people were beaten to death by a group of angry villagers who thought they were thieves in the village of Barlahally Cross, Karnataka state.
    (AP, 8/3/11)
2011        Aug 2, In Indonesia some 10,000 Papuans protested for independence, defying a heavy police presence a day after a deadly ambush that police blamed on separatist rebels.
    (AFP, 8/2/11)
2011        Aug 2, In Iraq a car bomb outside the Syrian Catholic church in Kirkuk wounded 23 people. Police discovered two more car bombs parked outside the Christian Anglican church and the Mar Gourgis church, both in downtown Kirkuk. Unidentified gunmen evening shot dead Iraqi army Lieutenant Colonel Azad Mohammed Ahmed in the Khadra area in the south of Kirkuk while he was driving to his house with one of his guards. 2 members of an anti-Qaeda tribal militia, the Sahwa, which turned against Al-Qaeda and sided with the US military from late 2006, were shot dead north of the city of Baquba by unknown gunmen. Successive bombings targeting an alcohol shop on Baghdad's western outskirts killed 2 policemen at the beginning of the holy Muslim fasting month of Ramadan.
    (AP, 8/2/11)(AP, 8/3/11)
2011        Aug 2, The Israeli military said it has slapped restraining orders on 12 Israeli settlers,  accused of setting fire to Palestinian mosques, property and vehicles, limiting their movement in the West Bank. Israel’s Supreme Court ordered the government to remove the largest unauthorized settlement outpost in the West Bank.
    (AP, 8/2/11)(SFC, 8/3/11, p.A2)
2011        Aug 2, Italy recalled its ambassador to Syria to protest the repression of anti-government protests and urged other European nations to do the same.
    (AP, 8/2/11)
2011        Aug 2, Japan’s Tokyo Electric Power Co. reported its 2nd deadly radiation reading in as many days at its wrecked Fukushima nuclear plant.
    (SFC, 8/3/11, p.A2)
2011        Aug 2, A boat carrying 330 migrants from Libya arrived late in the day on the Italian island of Lampedusa, a day after officials found 25 people choked to death in the engine room of another Libyan refugee boat.
    (AFP, 8/3/11)
2011        Aug 2, Mexican authorities said they have detained the director and four guards at a prison in Ciudad Juarez where 17 inmates were killed in fighting last week. A second Mexican polling firm reported three workers missing in Michoacan state, two days after six workers from another survey company vanished from the same place.
    (AP, 8/2/11)
2011        Aug 2, Mexican authorities said they have detained the director and four guards at a prison in Ciudad Juarez where 17 inmates were killed in fighting last week. A second Mexican polling firm reported three workers missing in Michoacan state, two days after six workers from another survey company vanished from the same place. Gunmen killed three police officers in Ascension, Chihuahua state.
    (AP, 8/2/11)(AP, 8/4/11)
2011        Aug 2, In northern Myanmar Kachin rebels ambushed a car carrying workers from a Chinese-backed hydroelectric project, killing seven people.
    (AP, 8/5/11)
2011        Aug 2, Niger's President Mahamadou Issoufou announced that 10 people have been arrested for attempting a coup last month. He said they planned the coup to take place overnight from July 12 to 13.
    (AFP, 8/2/11)
2011        Aug 2, In Pakistan 11 people were reported gunned down in Karachi. In an attempt to contain the violence, authorities called in 1,000 paramilitary troops from the Frontier Corps and also police from the Frontier Constabulary.
    (AP, 8/2/11)
2011        Aug 2, In Papua New Guinea Peter O’Neill became prime minister after the speaker ruled the post vacant.
    (Econ, 11/19/11, p.45)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_O%27Neill)
2011        Aug 2, In the Philippines waist-deep floods have swamped the streets in Manila after a night of monsoon rains closed down schools and government offices. In the southern Philippines an improvised bomb exploded in front of a gun store in Cotabato city, killing at least one person and wounding 9 others, including a 7-year-old girl. Typhoon Muifa killed four people in the Philippines even though it did not make landfall.
    (AP, 8/2/11)(AP, 8/6/11)
2011        Aug 2, In South Africa the main link on Africa's fastest railway opened to thousands of commuters who shuttled at 160 km (100 miles) per hour between Johannesburg and Pretoria.
    (AFP, 8/2/11)
2011        Aug 2, South Africa agreed to a $368-million loan to neighboring Swaziland, just one quarter of the amount sought by King Mswati III to avoid his government's financial collapse.
    (AP, 8/3/11)
2011        Aug 2, In Spain a man (74) was charged and killed by the young bull during an early morning bull-run in the northern town of Lodosa.
    (AP, 8/2/11)
2011        Aug 2, In Sudan a landmine killed four Ethiopian UN peacekeepers and badly wounded seven others on patrol in the disputed territory of Abyei.
    (AFP, 8/2/11)
2011        Aug 2, In Sudan a heavy rain storm in West Darfur caused two buildings housing Sudanese soldiers to collapse, killing 20 and injuring another 30.
    (AFP, 8/3/11)
2011        Aug 2, Syrian troops tightened their siege on the city of Hama by taking up positions near homes and sending residents fleeing for their lives.
    (AP, 8/2/11)
2011        Aug 2, A team of Ugandan and French paleontologists announced they had found a 20-million-year-old ape skull in northeastern Uganda, saying it could shed light on the region's evolutionary history.
    (AFP, 8/2/11)
2011        Aug 2, In Zimbabwe at least 14 people were killed after a minibus crashed 120 miles east of Harare, the second deadly accident involving an overcrowded bus in the southern African country in recent days.
    (AP, 8/3/11)

2011        Aug 3, US meat giant Cargill said it is recalling 36 million pounds of ground turkey linked to a nationwide salmonella outbreak that has killed one person in California and sickened at least 76 others. The fresh and frozen ground turkey products were produced at the company's Springdale, Ark., plant from Feb. 20 through Aug. 2.
    (AP, 8/3/11)
2011        Aug 3, Stanford Univ. researchers reported that they have found a way to kill cancer cells by turning off their ability to absorb glucose, often the primary source of energy in rapidly growing tumors.
    (SFC, 8/4/11, p.A1)
2011        Aug 3, In Afghanistan 3 members of the US-led military coalition were killed. Two died in a roadside bombing in southern Afghanistan where foreign forces are trying to hold the ground they seized from Taliban insurgents in major offensives over the past year. The third soldier died in a noncombat-related incident in east Afghanistan.
    (AP, 8/4/11)
2011        Aug 3, In Australia a masked man, later identified as Paul Peters, strapped a fake bomb to the neck of Madeleine Pulver (18) in her suburban Sydney home. Pulver endured a horrifying 10-hour ordeal with experts working into the night to remove the device, only later establishing it was an elaborate hoax. Peters fled to the US and was arrested nearly two weeks later in Louisville, Kentucky. He was extradited to Australia and faced 20 years in prison. On Nov 20 Peters was sentenced to 13 years and six months in prison.
    (Reuters, 8/16/11)(AFP, 3/8/12)(AP, 10/31/12)(AP, 11/20/12)
2011        Aug 3, British officials said they have seized about 300 million pounds ($492 million) worth of cocaine in a record-setting drug bust on a pleasure boat. 1.2 tons of cocaine were found hidden in a specially-designed compartment on a boat docked in southern England in June and it took six days of searching the Louise to find the drugs. Six men arrested were all Dutch nationals.
    (AP, 8/3/11)
2011        Aug 3, China warned that tortured efforts to raise the US limit on borrowing had failed to defuse Washington's "debt bomb", and signaled it would further diversify its holdings away from the dollar.
    (AFP, 8/3/11)
2011        Aug 3, In Cyprus the junior party in the ruling coalition left the government.
    (Econ, 8/6/11, p.63)
2011        Aug 3, In Indonesia 9 people, including two Australians, two South Africans and five Indonesians, were killed when a helicopter flying to a Newcrest mine crashed with 10 on board.
    (AFP, 8/4/11)
2011        Aug 3, An Iraqi policeman was killed by an improvised explosive device (IED) in the Al-Rusafa prison complex. The interior ministry said 3 Iraqi translators wounded and that two US soldiers were killed. A spokesman for US forces said that there was an IED attack in the Rusafa area, but that it did not result in any US casualties.
    (AP, 8/3/11)
2011        Aug 3, Activists from Israel's social protest movement reacted furiously after parliament passed a housing bill that they say will favor the rich and endanger the environment.
    (AFP, 8/3/11)
2011        Aug 3, Japan’s Parliament passed legislation allowing the use of public money to shore up Tokyo Electric Power (TEPCO), the company operating the crippled Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear plant to help it pay expected billions in compensation claims.
    (SFC, 8/4/11, p.A5)
2011        Aug 3, Kashmiris shut down shops and businesses in a general strike to protest a man's death in police custody in the Indian-controlled portion of the disputed Himalayan region. Separatists called the strike to protest the July 31 death of a 28-year-old man just hours after he was picked up for questioning in connection with an unsolved murder.
    (AP, 8/3/11)
2011        Aug 3, In Kuwait a 24-year-old Filipina domestic worker, reportedly blinded by her employer, sought refuge at the Philippines Embassy after escaping from her employer last month.
    (SSFC, 8/7/11, p.A4)
2011        Aug 3, Libya’s Seif al-Islam Kadhafi, the high-profile son of leader Moammar Gadhafi, said his family had forged an alliance with Islamist rebels among the insurgents to drive out the secular opposition to his father's 40-year rule. He claimed to have negotiated the pact with Ali Sallabi, a leading Islamist in the rebel-held east. Sallabi acknowledged their conversations but denied the Islamists had switched sides. Rebels reportedly seized the Cartagena, which NATO had prevented from delivering oil to Tripoli.
    (AFP, 8/4/11)(Econ, 8/6/11, p.38)
2011        Aug 3, Conservationists urged Malaysia to impose a national ban on the trade and consumption of turtle eggs to ensure the survival of the marine creatures. Turtles once arrived in their thousands to lay eggs on Malaysian beaches but are now increasingly rare due to poaching and coastal development.
    (AFP, 8/3/11)
2011        Aug 3, In Mexico 9 pollsters, recently kidnapped in Michoacan state, were released.
    (AP, 8/4/11)
2011        Aug 3, In Pakistan the death toll in Karachi reached 58, after at least 35 people were killed in the space of 24 hours. Much of the fighting has been blamed on supporters of the Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM) political party representing the Urdu-speaking majority, and the rival Awami National Party (ANP).
    (AFP, 8/3/11)
2011        Aug 3, Saudi Arabia said Abdel-Salam Rashed al-Farraj, an al-Qaida member on the kingdom's most-wanted list, has turned himself in after calling his family from abroad.
    (AP, 8/4/11)
2011        Aug 3, The drought and famine in Somalia have killed more than 29,000 children under the age of 5, according to US estimates, the first time such a precise death toll has been released related to the Horn of Africa crisis.
    (AP, 8/4/11)
2011        Aug 3, Syrian tanks took over a main square in the besieged city of Hama and electricity and telephone phone lines were cut off. Security forces shot dead at least 7 people who took part in anti-regime protests that erupted after nighttime Ramadan prayers across the country. A rights group that tracks death tallies reported up to 30 people were killed in Hama.
    (AP, 8/3/11)(AP, 8/4/11)(AP, 8/4/11)
2011        Aug 3, Tajikistan's authoritarian President Emomali Rakhmon approved a law barring minors from praying in mosques as his secular government seeks to minimize the rising influence of Islam in the Central Asian nation.
    (AP, 8/3/11)
2011        Aug 3, Thai police arrested a Swedish man wanted in Scandinavia for a $3 million banking scam committed 1998-2001. Carl-Gustav Alexander Tartagni (52) was detained in the seaside town of Hua Hin, where he had been living for a year.
    (AP, 8/4/11)
2011        Aug 3, Turkey said it would put 106 more Kurdish politicians on trial for alleged terrorist propaganda, choosing to go ahead with prosecutions despite lingering tensions over the trial of dozens of others accused of fanning separatist violence.
    (AP, 8/3/11)
2011        Aug 3, Venezuela and Iran signed a deal for Iran build over 10,000 homes in three central states of the South American nation in a billion-dollar investment package that signals the two country's increasingly close ties.
    (AFP, 8/4/11)
2011        Aug 3, Computer hackers attacked the Zimbabwe Stock Exchange website, prompting the authorities at the bourse to shut it down. ZSE does not conduct trading on the Internet.
    (AFP, 8/5/11)

2011        Aug 4, US Congressional leaders struck a deal to resolve a partisan dispute and end a partial shutdown of the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) that has halted airport projects and threatened thousands of jobs. Congress adjourned earlier this week for its August recess but Democratic aides said the Senate will finalize the deal on Aug 4 by approving a version of the spending measure already passed by the U.S. House of Representatives.
    (Reuters, 8/4/11)
2011        Aug 4, The US stock market finished its worst day since the financial crisis. The DJIA plunged 513 points. It was the worst day for the Dow since October 22, 2008.
    (AP, 8/4/11)
2011        Aug 4, US investigators confronted Jesse Osmun in Connecticut and obtained a written confession that as a Peace Corps volunteer, he had sexually molested at least 5 girls at a South African shelter for AIDS orphans and other children. None of the girls were older than 6.
    (AP, 8/11/11)
2011        Aug 4, A Texas jury convicted polygamist sect leader Warren Jeffs (55) of child sexual assault, in a case stemming from two young followers he took as brides. Prosecutors used DNA evidence to show Jeffs fathered a child with a 15-year-old girl and played an audio recording of what they said was him sexually assaulting a 12-year-old. On Aug 9 Jeffs was sentenced to life in prison for sexually assaulting two underage girls he claimed as "spiritual" brides.
    (AP, 8/4/11)(Reuters, 8/9/11)
2011        Aug 4, Computer security firms McAfee and Dell SecureWorks said Chinese hackers had attacked over 72 networks beginning in 2006. McAfee dubbed the attacks “Operation Shady RAT."
    (SFC, 8/5/11, p.D6)
2011        Aug 4, NASA scientists said they have detected the first clear signs that water may be flowing on Mars. Evidence came from the HiRISE camera aboard the Reconnaissance Orbiter, which has been circling Mars for 5 years.
    (SFC, 8/5/11, p.A11)
2011        Aug 4, In Afghanistan a man in an Afghan police uniform shot dead a NATO service member in the east of the country, the 2nd such killing in less than a month. Another NATO service member died following an insurgent attack in eastern Afghanistan. An employee with the Afghan national intelligence service was killed when his vehicle hit a roadside bomb just outside Kunduz city. 3 children were wounded in the blast and one died on the way to hospital.
    (AP, 8/4/11)
2011        Aug 4, Belarus police detained Ales Belyatsky of the human rights Vesna group outside his home in the capital, Minsk, and also conducted searches in his apartment and country house, as well as the group's offices. The group criticized Lithuanian authorities for providing information on Belyatsky's activities to Belarusian police. The Lithuanian Justice Ministry said it will now cut off communication channels that were used to provide legal information to Belarus.
    (AP, 8/5/11)
2011        Aug 4, In Britain north London police shot and killed Mark Duggan (29) during an attempted arrest in Tottenham. See August 6. The family only learned of the death of their son from watching television.
    (Econ, 8/13/11, p.51)(AFP, 8/7/11)(AFP, 2/29/12)
2011        Aug 4, In Chile riot police battled high school and university students in Santiago. Police detained 235 students demanding major changes to the underfunded and unequal public education system.
    (SFC, 8/5/11, p.A2)
2011        Aug 4, Dominican Republic authorities said they have seized more than 400 kg of cocaine hidden in crates of tobacco about to be exported to Spain.
    (AP, 8/4/11)
2011        Aug 4, Tropical Storm Emily brushed the southern coast of Hispaniola leaving one person dead in Haiti and three in the Dominican Republic.
    (AP, 8/5/11)
2011        Aug 4, In India a 740-foot (225-meter) vessel, which had been transporting coal from Indonesia to the western Indian state of Gujarat, sank off Mumbai. The navy rescued 30 crew members. The ship was estimated to be carrying 325 tons of fuel oil and 56 tons of diesel. By Aug 7 oil had spread over an area of 7 nautical miles and cleanup efforts were underway.
    (AP, 8/7/11)
2011        Aug 4, An Israeli a prison services spokeswoman said Israel is to free 770 Israeli and Palestinian prisoners due to overcrowding. They included Hassan Yusef, a founder of the Islamist movement Hamas. Israel's air force carried out 3 night time raids on the Gaza Strip, wounding 3 people. The Israeli army said they had targeted 3 tunnels and an operations base in the central Gaza Strip and a fourth target in the south in response to rocket fire.
    (AFP, 8/4/11)
2011        Aug 4, In Mexico the entire 20-man police force resigned in the northern town of Ascension, Chihuahua state, after a series of attacks that killed the police chief and five officers over the last three months. The Defense Department announced that a 19-day offensive in northern states against the Zetas drug cartel had resulted in the shooting deaths of 30 alleged criminals and a soldier. Among those killed was Jorge Luis de la Pena, the Zetas boss for Nuevo Laredo. Near Monterey police found the bodies of two men each hanging by an ankle from a pedestrian bridge.
    (AP, 8/4/11)
2011        Aug 4, In Mexico the chief prosecutor in Chiapas state said former Gov. Pablo Salazar, jailed on suspicion of embezzlement, will also face manslaughter charges involving the 2002-2003 deaths of two babies and with negligence in the deaths of 31 other newborns.
    (AP, 8/4/11)
2011        Aug 4, Morocco took delivery of the first of 4 of 24 F-16 fighter jets from the United States as part of its air force modernization program.
    (AFP, 8/4/11)
2011        Aug 4, In Nigeria a clash between security forces and suspected members of a radical Muslim sect left two dead in the volatile northeast. The clash came after six assailants from the Boko Haram sect detonated a bomb that blew up the median of a major Maiduguri road.
    (AP, 8/4/11)
2011        Aug 4, A UN report was released that described oil destroying crops and seeping into drinking water supplies in Ogoniland, Nigeria, a region of the Niger Delta. In one case, the UN found one village where drinking water was polluted with benzene 900 times more than the international limit.
    (AP, 8/5/11)
2011        Aug 4, A group of South Sudanese rebels formerly linked to militia leader Peter Gadet, who agreed to a ceasefire this week, accused him of taking government bribes and rejected the peace deal. The splinter faction (SSLM/A) disowned his accord with the government, adding that it had not affected the group, which remained with 780 officers and a force of 5,000.
    (AFP, 8/4/11)
2011        Aug 4, In Spain clashes between demonstrators, angry over the government’s austerity program, and police left 7 officers and 13 protesters injured.
    (SSFC, 8/7/11, p.A5)
2011        Aug 4, Syria’s Pres. Assad issued two legislative decrees that will allow the formation of political parties alongside the Baath Party and enable newly formed parties to run for parliament and local councils. Telephone and communication lines remained cut with the restive city of Hama, where a deadly military operation has been under way since July 31. Military operations were also under way in the central city of Homs, where heavy machine guns and automatic gunfire was heard throughout the night in the Bab Sbaa and Qalaa districts.
    (AP, 8/4/11)
2011        Aug 4, Tanzania’s Legal and Human Rights Center said police brutality has led to the deaths of 20 people in Tanzania in the first six months of this year. Five police officers were killed by civilians during the same period.
    (AFP, 8/4/11)
2011        Aug 4, Turkey appointed commanders to posts left vacant by the resignation of the military's top brass in a dispute with the government that showcased the elected leaders' strengthening control over the once-mighty military.
    (AP, 8/4/11)
2011        Aug 4, Zambia's main opposition party said President Rupiah Banda is ineligible for re-election because both his parents were allegedly born outside the country. Banda, who is in his 70s, was born before Zambia gained independence in 1964.
    (AP, 8/4/11)

2011        Aug 5, The United States lost its top-tier AAA credit rating from Standard & Poor's in an unprecedented blow to the world's largest economy in the wake of a political battle that took the country to the brink of default. S&P cut the long-term US credit rating by one notch to AA-plus on concerns about the government's budget deficit and rising debt burden.
    (Reuters, 8/6/11)
2011        Aug 5, The US Postal Service posted a net loss of $3.1 billion in its third quarter and warned again it would default on payments to the federal government if Congress did not step in. USPS cut work hours during the quarter by 3.1 percent compared to the previous year, when quarterly net losses were $3.5 billion.
    (Reuters, 8/5/11)
2011        Aug 5, A US federal jury convicted five current or former police officers in deadly shootings on a New Orleans bridge after Hurricane Katrina, a high-profile victory for the Justice Department in its push to clean up the city's troubled police department.
    (AP, 8/5/11)
2011        Aug 5, Wells Fargo said it reached a $590 million settlement with plaintiffs who claimed that Wachovia corp. had misled investors. Wells Fargo acquired Wachovia in 2008.
    (SFC, 8/6/11, p.D1)
2011        Aug 5, In Florida NASA launched an unmanned Atlas rocket carrying a sun-powered robotic explorer named Juno into space on a 5-year mission to Jupiter.
    (SFC, 8/6/11, p.A6)
2011        Aug 5, In southern Afghanistan insurgents opened fire on police at an anti-NATO rally in Qalat, Zabul province, sparking a gunbattle that killed three civilians and a police officer. The townspeople were protesting an overnight NATO operation that killed 3 suspected insurgents, including a local Taliban commander. NATO said insurgents killed 2 alliance service members. In the east a CH-47 military helicopter crashed killing 30 US special operation troops, an interpreter and 7 Afghan commandos. The Taliban claimed they downed the helicopter with rocket fire while it was taking part in a raid on a house where insurgents were gathered in Wardak province. In southern Helmand province NATO troops attacked a house and inadvertently killed eight members of a family, including women and children. A British coalition service member was killed in the south.
    (AP, 8/5/11)(AFP, 8/5/11)(AP, 8/6/11)
2011        Aug 5, Chilean police arrested 874 people during student protests that left 90 officers injured.
    (SFC, 8/6/11, p.A2)
2011        Aug 5, Egyptian army troops wielding batons and firing in the air dispersed dozens of activists holding a traditional Ramadan meal in Cairo's central Tahrir square.
    (AP, 8/6/11)
2011        Aug 5, In Guinea-Bissau thousands took to the streets of Bissau for the third rally in three weeks to demand the resignation of PM Carlos Gomes Junior, who is accused of hindering an assassination probe.
    (AFP, 8/5/11)
2011        Aug 5, In Haiti Jean-Claude Bajeux (79), a former culture minister, scholar and steadfast human rights activist who targeted both Haiti's long-ruling family dictatorship and the governments that followed, died.
    (AP, 8/5/11)
2011        Aug 5, India's top court allowed limited resumption of iron ore mining in Karnataka state that was suspended a week ago following revelations of a $3.6-billion mining fraud.
    (AFP, 8/5/11)
2011        Aug 5, In Iraq 4 prisoners and a guard were killed in clashes at a prison in the central city of Hilla, during which 8 inmates escaped.
    (AP, 8/6/11)
2011        Aug 5, Libya's rebels said they have reports that Moammar Gadhafi's youngest son, was killed in a NATO airstrike in the western town of Zlitan. Khamis Gadhafi (27) commanded one of the regime's strongest military brigades. He was reportedly among 32 troops killed when NATO hit a government operations center. Deputy Foreign Minister Khaled Kaim said Khamis is alive. NATO reportedly struck and destroyed a caravan of camels carrying heavy caliber machine guns, mortars and ammunition from neighboring Chad. State television later said 33 children and 32 women were among 85 people killed in the NATO attack.
    (AP, 8/5/11)(AP, 8/6/11)(AP, 8/11/11)
2011        Aug 5, In Mexico 7 armed assailants, clad in military uniforms and armed with AK-47s, were killed in a shootout with federal police in Michoacan state. In Acapulco three homes in separate neighborhoods were burned down with gasoline bombs. 8 men and one woman were killed in separate incidents in Acapulco, including slayings at two restaurants and a bus station. In one case, the dismembered body of a man was found in an abandoned car. Police arrested five members of a kidnapping and extortion ring that operated in the Mexico City region including gang leader Eduardo Sanchez Zuniga, nicknamed "El Bla Bla." The gang was known for leaving the heads of pigs outside homes and businesses as a warning. 3 indigenous Triqui activists were shot to death near Agua Fria Copala in Oaxaca state.
    (AP, 8/7/11)
2011        Aug 5, Nigerian officials said the government has taken over management of three banks rescued under a major 2009 bailout amid concerns over their ability to recapitalize by a September 30 deadline.
    (AFP, 8/6/11)
2011        Aug 5, In the Norwegian Arctic archipelago of Svalbard a polar bear mauled one person to death and left four other members of a British youth expeditions group seriously injured.
    (AFP, 8/5/11)
2011        Aug 5, In Poland Andrzej Lepper (57), a pig farmer-turned-firebrand populist who was briefly deputy prime minister (2006-2007) in a shaky government and who was later disgraced by bribery and sex scandals, was found dead in what police suspected to be a suicide.
    (AP, 8/6/11)
2011        Aug 5, Somali government troops opened fire on hungry civilians, killing at least seven people, as both groups made a grab for food at a UN distribution site in Mogadishu.
    (AP, 8/5/11)
2011        Aug 5, Sudan’s foreign ministry said it has blocked a shipment of southern oil after Juba refused to pay customs fees, escalating a row between the two sides, with the south accusing Khartoum of sabotaging its economy. The ship was released the next day but negotiations over transit fees remained stalled.
    (AFP, 8/5/11)(AFP, 8/6/11)
2011        Aug 5, Syrian security forces opened fire on protesters, killing at least four in the Damascus suburb of Arbeen, as tens of thousands poured into streets across the country, chanting for the fall of President Bashar Assad. The six-day-old assault on Hama has killed at least 100 people. At least 24 civilians were reported killed, most of them in Damascus suburbs when security forces opened fire during daytime protests and late night demonstrations following evening Ramadan prayers. 5 people were reported killed in Hama and its surrounding countryside.
    (AP, 8/5/11)(AP, 8/6/11)
2011        Aug 5, Ukraine police arrested former PM Yulia Tymoshenko during her abuse-of-office trial for violations of court procedures.
    (SFC, 8/6/11, p.A2)
2011        Aug 5, Yemeni government forces clashed with supporters of a powerful tribe in central Sanaa, forcing residents to flee the area in fear of further fighting.
    (AP, 8/6/11)

2011        Aug 6, The group known as Anonymous said it has hacked into some 70 law enforcement websites across the southern and central United States in retaliation for arrests of its sympathizers in the U.S. and Britain.
    (AP, 8/6/11)
2011        Aug 6, In Ohio an 18-year-old attending summer classes at the University of Cincinnati was struck by a campus officer's stun gun and died of cardiac arrest.
    (AP, 8/6/11)
2011        Aug 6, In southern Afghanistan a coalition service member was killed.
    (AP, 8/6/11)
2011        Aug 6, A riot tore through parts of north London's deprived Tottenham neighborhood. 8 officers were hospitalized after a peaceful protest against the Aug 4 shooting death of Mark Duggan (29), a passenger in a minicab, degenerated into a Saturday night rampage. The riots soon spread to Birmingham and other cities and involved as many as 15,000 people.
    (AP, 8/7/11)(AFP, 8/7/11)(Econ, 8/4/12, p.51)
2011        Aug 6, France's Overseas Ministry said four people have been killed and another 23 injured in a conflict over an increase in airline ticket prices on Mare, an island in the South Pacific archipelago of New Caledonia.
    (AP, 8/6/11)
2011        Aug 6, Roman Opalka (b.1931), French-born Polish painter, died in France. In 1965 in his studio in Warsaw, Opalka began painting a process of counting – from one to infinity.
    (Econ, 8/20/11, p.79)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roman_Opa%C5%82ka)
2011        Aug 6, In Israel over a quarter of a million people poured into the streets of major cities in the “movement for justice," an ongoing protest over the cost of living.
    (SSFC, 8/7/11, p.A8)(Econ, 8/6/11, p.38)
2011        Aug 6, Libyan rebels fighting Moammar Gadhafi's forces in the country's west launched a major push toward key towns along the Mediterranean coast near the capital Tripoli. NATO warplanes attacked 45 targets across Libya, including an ammunition storage facility and a multiple rocket launcher system in the Bir Ghanam area.
    (AP, 8/6/11)(AFP, 8/7/11)
2011        Aug 6, Mexican authorities said dozens of armed villagers surrounded the home of a suspected crime gang in Santa Cruz Tepenixtlahuaca, Oaxaca state, setting off a gunbattle that killed a child, a woman and four men. Police said the dismembered bodies of four young men were dumped near a high school  in Sinaloa state. Five young men were found dead near a middle school outside Monterrey, Nuevo Leon state. 5 young people were shot to death as they ordered dinner at a highway-side hot dog stand in the San Ignacio municipality, Sinaloa state.
    (AP, 8/6/11)(AP, 8/7/11)
2011        Aug 6, Niger's president Mahamadou Issoufou took part in a national collective prayer asking for rain. Niger depends heavily on its one annual rainy season (June to September) to cultivate crops.
    (AFP, 8/6/11)
2011        Aug 6, In Pakistan a bomb attack near Peshawar destroyed 16 tankers carrying fuel for US-led forces in Afghanistan.
    (SSFC, 8/7/11, p.A5)
2011        Aug 6, Hamas security forces in the Gaza Strip detained two members of a Salafist organization called Al-Tawfid wal Jihad, an Islamist group suspected of firing rockets at Israel. (AFP, 8/6/11)
2011        Aug 6, In Saudi Arabia security forces shot dead a gunman as he opened fire on the Jeddah palace of Interior Minister Prince Nayef bin Abdul Aziz. Another man was arrested during the attack in which two men opened fire after midnight on the Qasr Shateh residence of Prince Nayef.
    (AFP, 8/6/11)
2011        Aug 6, Somali Islamist fighters withdrew overnight from almost all their bases in the famine-struck capital of Mogadishu, the most significant gain for the embattled UN-backed government in four years. Al-Shabab still held most of southern Somalia, where tens of thousands are estimated to have starved.
    (AP, 8/6/11)
2011        Aug 6, In Spain thousands of demonstrators angry over the government’s austerity program occupied a central Madrid plaza.
    (SSFC, 8/7/11, p.A5)
2011        Aug 6, The Syrian military tightened its suffocating siege on the city of Hama in its drive to crush the main center of the anti-regime uprising in the country. Foreign Minister Walid al-Moallem pledged to press ahead with reforms and said the new parliament "will represent the aspirations of the Syrian people."
    (AP, 8/6/11)

2011        Aug 7, Some 45,000 Verizon Communications Inc. workers from Massachusetts to Washington, D.C., went on strike after negotiations fizzled over a new labor contract for more than a fifth of the company's work force. The company's revenue rose 2.8% to $27.5 billion in the second quarter. Workers returned to work on Aug 22, despite not reaching an overall settlement.
    (AP, 8/7/11)(SSFC, 8/21/11, p.A10)
2011        Aug 7, San Diego police officer Jeremy Henwood (36) died one day after being shot in the face while sitting in his patrol car. Suspect Dejon Marquee White (23) was fatally shot by police as he tried to avoid arrest.
    (SFC, 8/8/11, p.A5)
2011        Aug 7, Marshall Grant, bassist in the original Johnny Cash trio, died in Jonesboro, Ark.
    (SFC, 8/10/11, p.C8)
2011        Aug 7, Hugh L. Carey, former New York governor (1975-1982), died at his shelter Island summer home. Before becoming governor Carey spent 14 years representing Brooklyn districts in the US House of Representatives.
    (SFC, 8/8/11, p.C3)
2011        Aug 7, In Ohio a family argument outside Akron ended in the shooting deaths of eight people in two places, including an 11-year-old. Two more people were wounded.
    (AP, 8/8/11)
2011        Aug 7, Mark Hatfield (89), former Oregon governor (1958-1966) and US Senator (1967-1997), died in Portland. In 1965 Hatfield was the only US governor to vote against a resolution supporting Pres. Johnson’s policy in Vietnam.
    (SFC, 8/9/11, p.C4)
2011        Aug 7, Texas billionaire and philanthropist Charles Wyly (77) died after a car accident in western Colorado. His family has donated millions of dollars to Republican causes and Dallas arts projects. Charles Wyly had helped his brother run their startup computer software company, University Computing, and later founded and led several other companies including arts and crafts retail chain Michaels Stores Inc., which was sold in 2006. He also was a former member of a White House Advisory Council for Management Improvement. Last summer, the SEC accused Wyly and his brother of using offshore havens to hide more than a half-billion dollars in profits over 13 years of insider stock trading.
    (AP, 8/8/11)
2011        Aug 7, Nancy Wake (98), Australia's greatest World War II heroine, died in London. She was a prominent figure in the French Resistance.
    (AFP, 8/8/11)(Econ, 8/13/11, p.82)
2011        Aug 7, In Afghanistan two French Foreign Legion soldiers and five others were injured in a clash with insurgents in the northeastern Tagab valley. They were among four NATO troops killed in two separate insurgent attacks.
    (AFP, 8/7/11)(AP, 8/7/11)
011        Aug 7, Cape Verde islanders voted for a new president as Pedro Pires wrapped up two terms at the helm of a nation hailed for its stable democracy. His ruling party faced a split vote. A run-off was scheduled for August 21.
    (AFP, 8/8/11)
2011        Aug 7, Typhoon Muifa blew down power lines and billboards in the Chinese financial hub of Shanghai and aimed at a northeast port city where beaches were closed and sandbags were piled on the waterfront. At least one death was reported with one person missing.
    (AP, 8/7/11)
2011        Aug 7, In Dubai water pipes ruptured during maintenance at the seven-building Oceana complex on one of the iconic palm islands, forcing residents to bath in the sea and head to the malls to use the restroom.
    (AP, 8/11/11)
2011        Aug 7, In Egypt a Coptic Christian was killed and four Muslims were wounded in clashes in the southern province of Minya after clashes triggered by a road accident.
    (AFP, 8/8/11)
2011        Aug 7, Indian army and police claimed they killed a Pakistani commander of Lashkar-e-Taiba militants during a gunbattle in Poonch region of Kashmir. An investigation found the dead man was a local Hindu resident and mentally unsound. A soldier and police officer were arrested and investigated for murder.
    (AP, 8/8/11)
2011        Aug 7, In Iraq insurgents killed at least two people and wounded 11 in an  overnight bomb attack on the home of a Shiite family in the mainly Sunni town of Iskandiriyah.
    (AFP, 8/7/11)
2011        Aug 7, Libyan PM Baghdadi Mahmudi said government troops have recaptured the strategic town of Bir Ghanam, southwest of Tripoli, from rebel forces.
    (AFP, 8/7/11)
2011        Aug 7, In Nepal airports, hotels, restaurants, government offices and public transport became smoke-free under a new law that went into effect today.
    (AP, 8/7/11)
2011        Aug 7, Rival Palestinian groups Fatah and Hamas opened talks in Egypt aimed at implementing a reconciliation agreement struck in May.
    (AFP, 8/7/11)
2011        Aug 7, Saudi Arabia’s King Abdullah demanded a stop to Syria’s “killing machine."
    (Econ, 8/13/11, p.43)
2011        Aug 7, Sao Tome and Principe voted peacefully in the second round of a presidential election. Former strongman Manuel Pinto da Costa (75) was elected back to power.
    (AP, 8/8/11)(AFP, 9/3/11)
2011        Aug 7, Tropical Storm Muifa battered South Korea with strong rain and winds leaving four people dead and two missing.
    (AFP, 8/8/11)
2011        Aug 7, Syrian government forces killed at least 59 people including 42 in the eastern city of Deir el-Zour. 10 people were reported shot dead in Idlib while taking part in a funeral. The 22-member Arab League, which had been silent since the uprising began, said it is "alarmed" by the situation in Syria and called for the immediate halt of all violence. Saudi Arabia said it is recalling its ambassador to Syria for consultations.
    (AP, 8/7/11)(AP, 8/8/11)
2011        Aug 7, Sudanese security forces seized all the copies of Al-Ahdath newspaper from the printers, in the latest sign of a clampdown on independent media in Khartoum.
    (AFP, 8/7/11)

2011        Aug 8, US House leaders announced that they are terminating the long-running congressional page program for high school students, both out of cost considerations, and in recognition of the diminished demand for page services in the digital age.
    (http://tinyurl.com/4yp84kn)
2011        Aug 8, The US Justice department and 4 the attorney generals of California, Illinois, Florida, and Indiana accused Pittsburgh-based Education Management Corp. of paying recruiters to enroll students in an $11 billion fraud case.
    (SFC, 8/8/11, p.A5)
2011        Aug 8, Global stock markets sank again as worries over the downgrade of US debt outweighed relief at a European Central Bank pledge to buy up Italian and Spanish bonds to help the two countries avoid devastating defaults. The DJIA fell 634.76 points.
    (AP, 8/8/11)(SFC, 8/9/11, p.A7)
2011        Aug 8, San Francisco’s Mayor Ed Lee (59) said he will run for a full 4-year term.
    (SFC, 8/8/11, p.A1)
2011        Aug 8, In Oakland, Ca., Carlos Nava (30) was killed by accident during a driveby shooting at 64th Ave. and Int’l. Boulevard. On Aug 11 Lawrence Curtis Denard (26) was charged with the boy’s murder. On Aug 12 Willie Torrence, the driver of the car, was arrested in Las Vegas. On July 23, 2014, Denard and Torrence (25) were sentenced to life in prison.
    (SFC, 8/12/11, p.C1)(SFC, 8/16/11, p.C1)(SFC, 7/24/14, p.D5)
2011        Aug 8, In Afghanistan coalition forces in a midnight bombing raid killed the Taliban insurgents responsible for the Aug 5 attack on a US helicopter. The F-16 strike killed the "shooter" as well as a Taliban militant, Mullah Mohibullah.
    (AFP, 8/10/11)
2011        Aug 8, Bangladesh police said the main opposition leader, ex-prime minister Khaleda Zia, has been accused of abuse of power and graft in a new case filed by the country's main anti-corruption body. In a separate case, a court Dhaka issued an arrest warrant against Tareque Rahman, Zia's elder son and heir apparent, accusing him of laundering over 204 million taka ($2.73 million) in Singapore between 2003 and 2007.
    (AFP, 8/8/11)(Econ, 8/13/11, p.42)
2011        Aug 8, London police said they had arrested 100 people in a second night of rioting, condemning it as "copycat" disorder following weekend unrest sparked by the death of a man in a police shooting.
    (AFP, 8/8/11)
2011        Aug 8, Chad’s Idriss Deby Itno vowed he would battle corruption as he was sworn in as president for a new five-year term.
    (AFP, 8/8/11)
2011        Aug 8, In Colombia Muhammad Nazarruddin (32), the ex-treasurer of Indonesian President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono's party, was reported arrested in Cartagena after weeks on the run over corruption allegations. Nazarruddin has been on the run since May when anti-graft investigators linked him to a bribery scandal involving contracts on a 23-million-dollar athletes' village for the Southeast Asian Games scheduled in November.
    (AFP, 8/9/11)(Econ, 2/25/12, p.51)
2011        Aug 8, Cuban state media reported that Cuba and Angola, long-standing allies, have boosted military cooperation during a visit to the communist-run Caribbean island by Angolan defense officials.
    (AFP, 8/8/11)
2011        Aug 8, In El Salvador 9 former soldiers and officials turned themselves over to a court after being indicted in Spain in the 1989 killings of six Jesuit priests and two other people during the Central American country's civil war. A tenth suspect in the Spanish case has since died, and 10 other suspects have not been located.
    (AP, 8/9/11)
2011        Aug 8, In Guatemala former first lady Sandra Torres’ bid to succeed her ex-husband came to an end when the constitutional court ruled her ineligible to run because of her relationship to the president.
    (AP, 8/9/11)
2011        Aug 8, In India Lobsang Sangay, a Harvard-trained legal scholar, was sworn in as new head of the Tibetan government-in-exile, taking over from the Dalai Lama as the official leader of his people's fight for freedom.
    (AP, 8/8/11)
2011        Aug 8, In Libya a rebel spokesman in Misrata said forces loyal to Moamer Kadhafi had launched an assault on rebel positions in Zliten's Souk Telat area, killing 3 and wounding 15. A rebel source at Al-Qusbat, around 90 km (55 miles) east of Tripoli, said that town was living through its fourth day under siege. Libya's rebels sacked their executive committee. Mahmoud Jibril, who was the head of the outgoing committee, was asked to form a new board.
    (AFP, 8/8/11)(AP, 8/9/11)
2011        Aug 8, Mexico's government said it is suspending about $102 million in federal law enforcement grants to 80 percent of the country's most violent municipalities because they haven't shown progress in using the money. Two university professors were injured by the explosion of a package bomb on a campus near the national capital at a campus of Monterrey Technological Institute. The anti-technology group Individuals Tending to Savagery was later said to be responsible. The bullet-riddled bodies of four police officers and a civilian were found dumped in Michoacan state. The officers from Colima had just gone off duty when they vanished on Aug 6. A naval academy cadet went missing after he failed to turn up at the Veracruz state academy.
    (AP, 8/9/11)(SFC, 8/10/11, p.A2)(AP, 8/15/11)
2011        Aug 8, In Nigeria gunmen killed five people and wounded four others in a nighttime attack on in Bisichi village, Plateau state, leaving the dead mutilated with machete wounds. Boko Haram attackers killed a senior prison official and a school teacher in Maiduguri.
    (AP, 8/9/11)(AP, 8/10/11)
2011        Aug 8, Residents of Somalia's war-torn capital fled fighting after remnants of extremist Shebab rebel forces, who pulled out of Mogadishu at the weekend, battled with government troops overnight.
    (AFP, 8/8/11)
2011        Aug 8, In South Africa drivers operating feeder buses to high-speed train service went on a one-day strike, only six days after a new link between Johannesburg and the capital Pretoria opened. Drivers were demanding a wage increase from 4,600 rand ($660, 467 euros) to 5,000 rand a month. Train drivers earned about 21,000 rand per month.
    (AFP, 8/8/11)
2011        Aug 8, Sudan said it has granted a petroleum exploration license to China after visiting Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi and President Omar al-Bashir held talks in Khartoum.
    (AFP, 8/8/11)
2011        Aug 8, Swaziland's cash-strapped university failed to re-open for the new academic year. It expected to remain closed indefinitely.
    (AFP, 8/8/11)
2011        Aug 8, Syria’s eastern city of Deir el-Zour came under fresh artillery fire as a deadly military assault left President Bashar Assad's regime increasingly isolated, with Arab nations forcefully joining the international chorus of condemnation for the first time.
    (AP, 8/8/11)
2011        Aug 8, In Tunisia hundreds of people demonstrated in central Tunis to demand that members of the toppled Ben Ali regime be stopped from re-entering the political scene or escaping justice for alleged crimes.
    (AFP, 8/8/11)

2011        Aug 9, Pres. Obama announced fuel efficiency standards for heavy trucks. The regulations called for cutting 9-23% of fuel consumption and greenhouse gases by 2018.
    (SFC, 8/10/11, p.A6)
2011        Aug 9, Wisconsin Republicans held onto control of the state Senate, beating back 4 Democratic challengers in a recall election despite an intense political backlash against GOP support for Gov. Walker's effort to curb public employees' union rights. Democrats captured two seats.
    (AP, 8/9/11)(SFC, 8/10/11, p.A6)
2011        Aug 9, Around 200 Afghans burned tires and blocked key roads near the presidential palace in angry protests after at least three people were killed over a land dispute. Members of the Kuchi nomadic tribe had clashed with guards working for a housing project linked to the family of lawmaker Qais Hasan. NATO troops reportedly killed four Afghan policemen by accident in Kandahar province.
    (AFP, 8/9/11)(AP, 8/10/11)
2011        Aug 9, Brazilian police arrested 33 people at the Tourism Ministry on allegations of corruption. Kickbacks to officials involved $1.85 million instead of paying Sao Paulo’s Ibrazi institute to train people in tourism.
    (SFC, 8/10/11, p.A2)
2011        Aug 9, British PM David Cameron recalled Parliament from its summer recess and nearly tripled the number of police on the streets rioting in London blossomed into a full-blown political crisis. A 26-year-old was found shot dead in a car. A Scotland Yard official said 525 people have now been arrested in London after three days of "unprecedented" rioting.
    (AP, 8/9/11)
2011        Aug 9, In Chile violence erupted on the streets of Santiago and other cities as tens of thousands of students staged another protest demanding changes in public education. By nightfall, at least 273 protesters were detained, including 73 in Santiago, and 23 police officers were injured.
    (AP, 8/9/11)
2011        Aug 9, China’s Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi ended a two-day visit to Khartoum and headed for Juba, the capital of South Sudan, in the first trip by a senior Chinese official to the world's newest nation.
    (AP, 8/9/11)
2011        Aug 9, A Comorian shuttle boat, the Madjiriha, sank killing 60 people off the coast of the Indian Ocean island nation the Comoros.
    (AP, 8/10/11)
2011        Aug 9, Dozens of Egyptians angered by the absence of police protection in their town set fire to a police station In Garga after looting its armory and freeing jailed inmates. The crowd stormed the police station in protest at what they said was the police's failure to protect them from attacks from a neighboring village. The trouble between Garga and the neighboring village of Nagaa Uweis began Aug 7 after a fight between two drivers, one from Garga and the other from Nagaa Uweis, escalated into a gunfight.
    (AFP, 8/9/11)
2011        Aug 9, Indian police in new Delhi used water cannon, tear gas and bamboo batons to disperse thousands of opposition activists protesting against a slew of corruption scandals racking the government.
    (AFP, 8/9/11)
2011        Aug 9, Ivory Coast public television was back on air, pushing a message of reconciliation after months of deadly post-vote fighting in which it relayed propaganda and its equipment was destroyed.
    (AFP, 8/9/11)
2011        Aug 9, More than 2,000 Kuwaitis rallied outside the Syrian embassy in the Gulf state demanding the expulsion of the Syrian envoy and the "freezing" of relations with Damascus.
    (AFP, 8/10/11)
2011        Aug 9, Malawi’s central bank devalued its currency by 10 percent as it sought to revive a stalled program with the International Monetary Fund.
    (AFP, 8/10/11)
2011        Aug 9, In Malaysia budget carrier AirAsia and state-owned Malaysia Airlines formed an alliance through a share swap deal to end their long rivalry and boost business.
    (AP, 8/9/11)
2011        Aug 9, Mexican officials said a girl was killed and a woman wounded by gunshots when a firefight broke out between soldiers and bandits on a toll road considered the safe route to the resort city of Acapulco. A tractor trailer loaded with cement crashed into a day-care center in Arramberi, Nuevo Leon state, killing three small girls and three adults.
    (AP, 8/9/11)(AP, 8/10/11)
2011        Aug 9, In Nigeria a clash between soldiers and youths in the northeast over the arrest of suspected members of Boko Haram killed one person and wounded two. Attackers with machetes hacked at least two people to death and seriously wounded four others in a village near the deeply divided city of Jos.
    (AP, 8/10/11)(AFP, 8/9/11)
2011        Aug 9, In North Korea Tropical Storm Muifa caused over 10 deaths and injuries.
    (SFC, 8/10/11, p.A2)
2011        Aug 9, The World Food Program said it is sending 800 metric tons of high energy biscuits to East Africa to help fight the famine in Somalia. The UN food agency said that the series of nine airlifts will be enough to feed 1.6 million people for a day.
    (AP, 8/9/11)
2011        Aug 9, South Korean officials said its ministry which handles relations with North Korea has been targeted by hackers in the latest of a series of online attacks on government and corporate websites.
    (AFP, 8/9/11)
2011        Aug 9, In Sri Lanka wildlife groups announced they were withdrawing their support for an elephant count after Wildlife Minister S.M. Chandransena was quoted as saying 300 young elephants will be captured and handed over to Buddhist temples after the census. The groups had agreed to deploy about 200 volunteers to help the Wildlife Department count the animals.
    (AP, 8/9/11) 
2011        Aug 9, The Syrian army launched raids on restive areas, defying growing international reproach over the regime's deadly crackdown on a 5-month-old uprising. There was heavy machine-gun fire in the eastern city of Deir el-Zour. Human rights groups said at least 22 people were killed across the country including 8 children.
    (AP, 8/9/11)
2011        Aug 9, In Yemen a new truce was reached in Taez between troops and armed tribesmen backing pro-democracy protests.
    (AFP, 8/10/11)
2011        Aug 9, Zambia's high court dismissed a bid by the main opposition to block President Rupiah Banda from contesting polls next month over claims that he had lied about his parents' nationality.
    (AFP, 8/9/11)

2011        Aug 10, The Dow Jones industrial average fell 519 points to close at 10,719.94. it has lost over 2,000 points in less than three weeks.
    (SFC, 8/11/11, p.D1)
2011        Aug 10, In Colorado 3 fugitive siblings wanted in connection with crimes in Florida and Georgia last week were taken into custody after shots were fired and a high-speed chase ended in a crash. Authorities had been searching since August 2 for Ryan Edward Dougherty (21), Dylan Dougherty Stanley (26), and Lee Grace E. Dougherty (29), who were accused of shooting at a Florida police officer and robbing a bank in Georgia on the same day. On April 30, 2012, Ryan was sentenced to 18 years in prison, Lee Grace to 24 years, and Dylan to 32 years. On Dec 17 a federal judge sentenced the 3 siblings to over 35 years in prison.
    (Reuters, 8/10/11)(SFC, 5/1/12, p.A6)(SFC, 12/18/12, p.A7)
2011        Aug 10, Tennessee school principal Suzette York (49) was shot and killed by a 17-year-old student at a private school in Memphis.
    (SFC, 8/11/11, p.A6)
2011        Aug 10, Scientists at the University of Pennsylvania reported the first clear success with a new approach for treating leukemia, turning the patients' own blood cells into assassins that hunt and destroy their cancer cells.
    (AP, 8/10/11)
2011        Aug 10, NASA said its Mars rover Opportunity reached the rim of a 14-mile-wide crater where it will examine rocks older than any it has seen in its 7 years on the surface of the planet.
    (SFC, 8/11/11, p.A6)
2011        Aug 10, Afghanistan's Pres. Karzai issued a decree stating that the country's courts do not have the power to alter election results, appearing to bow to pressure to resolve an impasse over the parliament's legitimacy that threatened to create a constitutional crisis. Karzai handed authority for resolving a lingering dispute over last year's fraud-hit Afghan parliamentary elections to the Independent Election Commission (IEC).
    (AP, 8/10/11)(AFP, 8/10/11)
2011        Aug 10, Australian Clifford John Gerathy (60), accused of funneling Aus$17.2 million ($17.8 million) in bribes to a Vietnamese official and falsifying Malaysian accounts, was charged over a banknotes scandal. He was charged with conspiracy to bribe a foreign public official and false accounting.
    (AFP, 8/10/11)
2011        Aug 10, Australian aviation authorities lifted a 6-week flying ban on the local unit of Tiger Airways after the budget carrier agreed to new conditions including extra training for pilots.
    (AFP, 8/10/11)
2011        Aug 10, London police arrested former News of the World news editor Greg Miskiw (61) on suspicion of hacking phones, the 12th person detained over the long-running scandal.
    (AFP, 8/10/11)(AFP, 8/11/11)
2011        Aug 10, Britons took to social networking sites to expose the rioters who went on the rampage for four nights, posting photos of masked gangs looting and hurling missiles. Three Asian men died after being hit by a car during riots in the Winson Green area of Birmingham. Witnesses said they died while trying to protect their community from looters. On Aug 13 a man and teenager were charged with the murder of three men. On July 19, 2012, eight men were cleared of murdering the three friends who died after being hit by a car.
    (AP, 8/14/11)(AFP, 7/19/12)
2011        Aug 10, China suspended all new railway construction projects. Controversy and safety concerns swirled over the nation's high-speed network following the July 23 fatal crash, which left 40 people dead.
    (AFP, 8/11/11)
2011        Aug 10, China launched its first aircraft carrier, a refitted former Soviet craft, for a maiden run. Last month China confirmed that it was refitting an old, unfinished Soviet carrier hull (the Varyag) bought from Ukraine's government in 1998. Sources said China was also building two of its own carriers.
    (Reuters, 8/10/11)(Econ, 8/13/11, p.38)
2011        Aug 10, A Colombian court ordered a diocese of the Roman Catholic Church to pay $220,000 in restitution to two youths who were sexually abused by one of its priests in 2007. The Rev. Luis Enrique Duque was already serving an 18-year prison sentence for the crime.
    (AP, 8/10/11)
2011        Aug 10, In India a protest over long-running plans to acquire agricultural land for a water pipeline happened between the popular hill station resort of Lonavala and the city of Pune, some 100 km (60 miles) from Mumbai. Police shot and killed 3 farmers during the protest.
    (AFP, 8/11/11)
2011        Aug 10, In Italy undercover police donned togas, capes and sandals to stop a turf battle among Italians who impersonate gladiators outside the Colosseum and other landmarks in Rome and make money by posing for camera carrying tourists.
    (AP, 8/13/11)
2011        Aug 10, An Ivory Coast official said 12 people, including the son of Laurent Gbagbo, the country's former strongman, have been detained and charged over their actions during six months of postelection violence that left thousands dead.
    (AP, 8/10/11)
2011        Aug 10, Libyan state television broadcast images of a man it said was Moammar Gadhafi's youngest son, Khamis Gadhafi. The national council chief Mustafa Abdel-Jalil ordered all fighters to be incorporated into the national liberation army individually. 5 rebels were reported killed when regime forces attacked the rebel-held town of Bir Ghanam. The European Union said it was adding two more Libyan businesses to its list of companies and individuals targeted by sanctions. Fresh fighting meanwhile erupted at the strategic oil town of Brega.
    (AP, 8/10/11)(AP, 8/11/11)(AFP, 8/11/11)
2011        Aug 10, In Mexico Ruvalcaba Plascencia, former head of police for the city of Chihuahua and the border city of Ciudad Juarez, was shot to death at a restaurant in the Chihuahua state capital.
    (AP, 8/11/11)
2011        Aug 10, In Pakistan two American-fired missiles hit a house in North Waziristan killing 20 Islamist militants. 14 of the dead belonged to the Haqqani network, a Taliban-linked faction.
    (SFC, 8/11/11, p.A2)
2011        Aug 10, In the Philippines 6 suspected car thieves and a police officer were killed in two gun battles in Manila.
    (AFP, 8/10/11)     
2011        Aug 10, Syrian troops launched operations in three suburbs of the capital Damascus as well as the northwestern village of Sarmin, near the Turkish border, where a woman was killed and three people wounded. Security forces also killed an activist in the northwestern town of Taftanaz, where the army is conducting a military operation. Hama appeared to be under full government control. Security forces shot dead at least 15 people in Homs. The Obama administration announced new sanctions.
    (AP, 8/10/11)(AP, 8/11/11)
2011        Aug 10, Tanzania pledged 300 tons of maize for Somalia's drought-hit people during a visit by Somali President Sharif Sheikh Ahmed.
    (AFP, 8/10/11)
2011        Aug 10, Ugandan opposition leaders vowed to restart protests over rising living costs, as security forces fired tear gas following a memorial to a child killed in an earlier demonstration. Police fired rubber bullets and teargas at protesters who followed Kizza Besigye, a top opposition leader, in a march in Masaka.
    (AFP, 8/10/11)(AP, 8/11/11)
2011        Aug 10, Some Venezuelan police chiefs said the lockups in their stations are either at capacity or nearly full as a result of the order for prisons to stop accepting new inmates for a month. The order came last week from the newly appointed prisons minister, Iris Varela.
    (AP, 8/10/11)
2011        Aug 10, In Vietnam Pham Minh Hoang (56), a French-Vietnamese math professor, was sentenced to three years in prison for belonging to a banned pro-democracy group and publishing an anti-Communist blog.
    (AP, 8/10/11)

2011        Aug 11, Three boys, the grandsons of Republican U.S. Rep. Gary Miller, were turned over to US authorities at the Tijuana border. Their mother, Jennifer Dejongh, was supposed to drop her three sons off at the California congressman's house in 2007 for an extended visit but did not take them there. Dejongh (34) was turned over to the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department and was held on $500,000 bail.
    (AP, 8/11/11)
2011        Aug 11, Texas Gov. Rick Perry confirmed that he is running for the US presidency as 8 other Republican candidates debated in Iowa.
    (SFC, 8/12/11, p.A10)
2011        Aug 11, Virginia sued the Bank of Mellon alleging that it defrauded state and local pension funds 73,000 times since 2000.
    (SFC, 8/12/11, p.A5)
2011        Aug 11, The DJIA rose 423.37 to close at 11,143.31 the 4th straight day this week of a net change of 400 points or more.
    (SFC, 8/12/11, p.D1)
2011        Aug 11, US pharmaceutical giant Pfizer began long-awaited compensation payments to Nigerian families over a 1996 drug trial blamed for the deaths of 11 children and disabilities in dozens of others. Only four families were paid in the initial disbursements, while some 200 children participated in the trial of meningitis drug Trovan.
    (AFP, 8/12/11)
2011        Aug 11, In southern Afghanistan 5 NATO soldiers were killed by a bomb. Another NATO service member died in an insurgent attack in the south. The Taliban rejected a US claim to have killed the fighters who shot down an American helicopter killing 38 troops. 5 Afghan police were killed in an overnight clash with the Taliban in Helmand province. 2 Afghan soldiers, abducted a day earlier, were found dead in Logar province. A French soldier was killed when a roadside bomb exploded on a convoy in Kapisa province.
    (AFP, 8/11/11)(AP, 8/12/11)
2011        Aug 11, Brazilian police arrested seven people and seized more than 2,600 animals in a 2-day crackdown on the illegal trafficking of wild animals. The watchdog group Renctas says about 15% of the $10 billion to $20 billion global illegal animal trade takes place in Brazil.
    (AP, 8/11/11)
2011        Aug 11, Brazilian Judge Patricia Acioli was shot to death in front of her house. She had put more than 60 officers behind bars, most of them for murder. All of the 21 bullets that hit her came from a lot issued to police, including some in Sao Goncalo, the city where she worked. A police commander and seven officers were soon arrested in connection with her murder.
    (AP, 9/16/11)(AP, 9/28/11)
2011        Aug 11, Police in London raided houses to round up more rioting suspects as Britain's big cities remained largely quiet after four days of rioting and looting that drew thousands of police officers onto the streets. The four days of riots left five people dead, thousands facing criminal charges and hundreds of millions in damages.
    (AP, 8/11/11)(AP, 8/15/11)
2011        Aug 11, Burundi and South Africa signed several cooperation deals including in defense, education and agriculture during Pres. Zuma's visit to the central African country.
    (AFP, 8/11/11)
2011        Aug 11, Chinese security forces launched a two-month "strike hard" crackdown against violence, terrorism and radical Islam following renewed ethnic violence in the restive western region of Xinjiang. It will last through Oct. 15, and includes around-the-clock patrols of trouble spots, identity checks and street searches of people and vehicles.
    (AP, 8/16/11)
2011        Aug 11, Chinese designated lama Gyaltsen Norbu (21), the hand-picked 11th Panchen Lama, arrived at Xiahe, home of the Labrang Monastery. He left on Aug 16 following a cool welcome.
    (SFC, 8/12/11, p.A2)(Econ, 8/13/11, p.39)
2011        Aug 11, In Estonia a gunman armed with explosives entered the Defense Ministry and opened fire, but police stormed the building and killed him. No one else was hurt. Officials identified the attacker as Karen Drambjan, an Armenian-born lawyer who has held Estonian citizenship since the early 1990s. He was a member of the small, left-wing Estonian United Left Party that is not represented in Parliament.
    (AP, 8/11/11)
2011        Aug 11, Ethiopian officials said they will not heed the UN's recommendation to halt construction on a dam that the world body says endangers a world heritage site. Project manager Azeb Asnake said that government impact studies found Gilgel Gibe III dam does not endanger Lake Turkana, the world's largest desert lake.
    (AP, 8/11/11)
2011        Aug 11, Umar Patek (41), a key suspect in the 2002 Bali bombings that killed 202 people, was escorted home to Indonesia under tight security to stand trial, six months after he was captured in the same northwestern Pakistani town where Osama bin Laden was killed. The al-Qaida-linked militant, had a $1 million bounty on his head when authorities caught up with him on Jan. 25 in Abbottabad.
    (AP, 8/11/11)
2011        Aug 11, In Iraq the criminal court of Salaheddin issued a death sentence for a lieutenant colonel, the former deputy commander of an oil protection unit in Salaheddin province, for smuggling 116 tankers of kerosene, saying he aimed to "finance terrorism" with proceeds from the kerosene sales. 2 roadside bombs went off in Ramadi killing 3 people. 24 people were wounded in the attack, which appeared to target worshippers as they came out of a mosque.
    (AFP, 8/11/11)(AP, 8/12/11)
2011        Aug 11, Israel's interior minister gave final authorization to build 1,600 apartments in disputed east Jerusalem and said it will approve 2,700 more in days.
    (AP, 8/11/11)
2011        Aug 11, Israeli media said Dirar Abu Sisi, a Gazan engineer snatched from Ukraine, has told Israeli interrogators that he headed a Hamas military academy to rebuild Hamas fighting capabilities after a devastating war with Israel. Hamas has denied that Abu Sisi had any connection to the organization.
    (AFP, 8/11/11)
2011        Aug 11, The UN’s Ivory Coast mission said there were 26 extrajudicial killings in the Ivory Coast in the past four weeks, mostly blamed on fighters who helped President Alassane Ouattara take power. The killings were reported between July 11 and August 10.
    (AFP, 8/11/11)
2011        Aug 11, In Lebanon a bomb went off in a north Beirut suburb, killing two people and damaging several cars, including one belonging to a judge. One of the two men reportedly handling the bomb died almost immediately, while another was seriously wounded and died later in hospital.
    (AP, 8/11/11)
2011        Aug 11, Libyan loyalists killed one rebel and wounded 10 others as the insurgents moved on the town of Taurga in a bid to snuff out rocket fire on the besieged city of Misrata. Rebel fighters gained control of a residential unit in Brega. 11 rebels died in the clashes and 40 were wounded.
    (AFP, 8/11/11)(AP, 8/12/11)
2011        Aug 11, Mexican police arrested the suspected leader of a brutal drug gang called "The Hand with Eyes" and he has confessed to helping carry out or ordering more than 600 murders. Oscar Osvaldo Garcia Montoya (36) was arrested in an overnight raid on a presumed safe house on the outskirts of Mexico City.
    (AP, 8/12/11)
2011        Aug 11, In Pakistan a female suicide attacker and a handcart bomb targeted police in Peshawar, killing 7 people in the first deadly attacks to hit the northwest during Ramadan.
    (AFP, 8/11/11)
2011        Aug 11, A Rwanda court acquitted former university lecturer and botanist Runyinya Barabwiriza, a one-time adviser to killed president Juvenal Habyarimana, after he spent 16 years in jail on accusations of planning the 1994 genocide.
    (AFP, 8/11/11)
2011        Aug 11, South Africa announced it has approved a national health insurance proposal aimed at overhauling weak public facilities that serve more than 80 percent of the population. The National Health Insurance (NHI) scheme will be piloted in 10 areas next year and rolled out nationally over 14 years.
    (AFP, 8/11/11)
2011        Aug 11, Sri Lanka closed all its national parks to tourists for a 3-day census of elephants. Officials believed the Sri Lanka elephant population to be 5,000 to 6,000, down from an estimated 10,000 to 15,000 in the early 1900s.
    (AP, 8/12/11)
2011        Aug 11, The Syrian army stormed Saraqeb, a northwestern town near Turkey's border, and shot dead 11 people in Qusair, a western town near the Lebanese border.
    (AP, 8/11/11)
2011        Aug 11, Online media said authorities in Uzbekistan have blocked dozens of Internet sites in an apparent attempt to further stem the flow of information into the authoritarian Central Asian nation.
    (AP, 8/11/11)

2011        Aug 12, The US warned it would cut $100 million in American aid money if Hamas continues its "unwarranted audits" of local American nonprofit organizations in the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 8/13/11)
2011        Aug 12, A US federal appeals court panel struck down a requirement in Pres. Obama’s health care package requiring virtually all American to carry health insurance or face penalties.
    (SFC, 8/13/11, p.A4)
2011        Aug 12, In San Francisco the 4th annual Outside Lands Music and Arts Festival opened in golden Gate Park for a 3-day run.
    (SFC, 8/13/11, p.C2)
2011        Aug 12, Albrecht Muth called police saying he had discovered Viola Drath (91), his wife of 20 years, murdered at their Georgetown home. On Jan 16, 2014, Albrecht Muth (49) was convicted of her murder.
    (SFC, 1/17/14, p.A7)
2011        Aug 12, General Motors said it is recalling 16,198 Chevrolet Impala and Buick LaCrosse cars in the United States and Canada to address sensor and power steering problems.
    (Reuters, 8/12/11)
2011        Aug 12, In southern Afghanistan 2 NATO service members were killed in separate roadside bombings. Afghan security forces recovered the bodies of five policemen and three intelligence agents who were kidnapped by insurgents a day earlier in Wardak province.
    (AP, 8/12/11)(AP, 8/13/11)
2011        Aug 12, Royal Dutch Shell PLC said it is trying to stop oil leaking from a flow line at one of its drilling platforms in the North Sea off the coast of Scotland. On Aug 15 Shell estimated that 54,600 gallons had leaked from the Gannet Alpha oil rig. On Aug 16 Shell said a 2nd smaller leak had been found at the rig.
    (AP, 8/13/11)(SFC, 8/16/11, p.A4)(SFC, 8/17/11, p.A3)
2011        Aug 12, A Chinese bullet train manufacturer recalled 54 trains in a new embarrassment for a problem-plagued prestige project following a July crash that killed 40 people.
    (AP, 8/12/11)
2011        Aug 12, In Egypt hundreds of protesters rallied in Cairo's Tahrir Square, briefly scuffling with riot police and defying the military rulers who are eager to prevent any demonstrations in the iconic square since forcefully clearing a weekslong sit-in by youth activists last week.
    (AP, 8/12/11)
2011        Aug 12, The Italian government approved $65 billion in additional emergency austerity measures over the next two years in an effort to balance the budget by 2013. Tax hikes and cuts to local government were included.
    (SFC, 8/13/11, p.A2)
2011        Aug 12, Libya's news agency, JANA, reported that those carrying a satellite phone without a permit could be sentenced to death as punishment for treason.
    (AP, 8/12/11)
2011        Aug 12, Mexico’s official National Human Rights Commission complained that Mexican police and soldiers regularly burst into homes, plant evidence and take people's possessions. It said the violations have increased as the war against drug cartels has grown more intense.
    (AP, 8/13/11)
2011        Aug 12, A Dutch court sent two Somalis to jail for up to seven years for hijacking a South African yacht last year and seizing a South African couple who are still missing. Three others also were convicted of piracy. The five men were caught by the Dutch navy in the Gulf of Aden in November, heavily armed with machine guns and bazookas.
    (AP, 8/12/11)
2011        Aug 12, In Nigeria cleric Liman Bana (65) died after sustaining gunshot wounds while walking home from conducting prayers at the main mosque in Ngala, a border town with Chad. Police blamed the attack on the Boko Haram group.
    (AP, 8/14/11)
2011        Aug 12, In Pakistan Taliban militants ambushed a police van taking two of their comrades back to jail after a trip to the dentist, freeing the captives. Three police guards were killed in the incident in Peshawar.
    (AP, 8/12/11)
2011        Aug 12, Poland's PM Donald Tusk lambasted prosecutors for giving Belarusian police confidential financial information on Ales Belyatsky, a prominent human rights activist. The information contributed to his arrest and allowed Belarusian authorities to file criminal charges against him.
    (AP, 8/12/11)
2011        Aug 12, In the southern Philippines two men were killed when a bomb they were allegedly carrying exploded prematurely along a highway.
    (AP, 8/12/11)
2011        Aug 12, Stockholm Film Festival organizers say French actress Isabelle Huppert (53) will be honored with its 2011 lifetime achievement award for a career in movie and television spanning almost four decades.
    (AP, 8/12/11)
2011        Aug 12, Syrian activists said troops and tanks stormed the town of Khan Sheikhon in the northern province of Idlib amid heavy gunfire. Syrian soldiers opened fire on tens of thousands of protesters who flooded the streets shouting "We will not kneel!" Security forces killed at least 15 protesters. The US stepped up calls for a global trade embargo on oil and gas from Syria. Four people were killed in Aleppo as security forces attacked protesters.
    (AP, 8/12/11)(AP, 8/13/11)(SFC, 8/13/11, p.A3)(AP, 8/15/11)
2011        Aug 12, A Tunisian court handed down prison terms for members and collaborators of the former first lady for trying to illegally flee with jewels and cash as the regime collapsed. But it dismissed charges against Ali Seriati, the once powerful head of presidential security.
    (AP, 8/12/11)
2011        Aug 12, In Yemen hundreds of thousands poured onto the streets of major cities and towns, demanding the country's embattled president step down. Thousands of Saleh loyalists gathered for prayers in a mosque near the presidential palace in the capital Sanaa.
    (AP, 8/12/11)

2011        Aug 13, In the Iowa Republican straw poll Minnesota congresswoman Michelle Bachmann won with 4,823 votes, Texas Rep. Ron Paul got 4,671. Former Minnesota Gov. Rick Pawlenty received 2,293. His 3rd place finish led him to drop out of the race.
    (AP, 8/14/11)
2011        Aug 13, In Indiana a wind gust toppled a stage at the state fair in Indianapolis killing 5 people and injuring dozens of fans waiting for the country band Sugarland to perform. A 6th person died of her injuries on Aug 19. The death toll reached 7 people in the disaster with 58 injured. A government in 2012 blamed fair officials, a stagehands union and a company that built the roof and lights rigging for the stage collapse.
    (SFC, 8/15/11, p.A4)(SFC, 8/20/11, p.A6)(SFC, 2/9/12, p.A7)
2011        Aug 13, Ctirad Masin (81), a controversial anti-communist fighter in the former nation of Czechoslovakia, died in Cleveland, Ohio. He had eluded a massive East Bloc manhunt during the Cold War.
    (AP, 8/13/11)
2011        Aug 13, In Afghanistan a minivan struck a roadside bomb in the Gereshk district of Helmand province, killing five civilians. 2 policemen and 4 insurgents were reported killed in shootout in Herat province.
    (AP, 8/13/11)
2011        Aug 13, Angolan authorities barred activists from entering the country ahead of the annual Southern African Development Community summit that opens Aug 16.
    (AP, 8/13/11)
2011        Aug 13, In Cuba a gay man and a woman whose sex-change operation was paid for by the state were married in Havana.
    (SSFC, 8/14/11, p.A5)
2011        Aug 13, The Czech Republic’s first gay pride parade was held in Prague under strong police guard as some 3,000 gays and lesbians marched through the city center.
    (SSFC, 8/14/11, p.A5)
2011        Aug 13, Egypt's largest political group, the Muslim Brotherhood, warned the country's military rulers not to interfere in the writing of a new constitution.
    (AP, 8/13/11)
2011        Aug 13, In India suspected rebels fired guns at motorists on a highway in the insurgency-wracked northeast, killing one person and wounding five others in Assam state.
    (AP, 8/13/11)
2011        Aug 13, In Iraq bombings and shootings, including an attack near cafes and ice cream shops, killed five Iraqis and wounded 14 in Baghdad and Al-Baghdadi, Anbar province.
    (AP, 8/13/11)
2011        Aug 13, Israel’s military magazine Ba'mahaneh reported that the army is planting new land mines along its border with Syria in an attempt to dissuade protesters from rushing into the Golan Heights. Tens of thousands of Israelis poured into streets across the country for a fourth consecutive week, expanding their protest movement against the nation's high cost of living from major central cities to smaller ones in outlying areas.
    (AP, 8/13/11)
2011        Aug 13, Jordan's Popular Democratic Unity party said at least 8 of its members were wounded in the southern city of Karak during a protest demanding government reforms.
    (AP, 8/12/11)
2011        Aug 13, In Lebanon 4 Lebanese and one Sudanese citizen broke out of the heavily-guarded Roumieh prison east of Beirut. The Lebanese were members of the al-Qaida-inspired Fatah Islam group.
    (AP, 8/13/11)
2011        Aug 13, Libya's rebels fought with regime troops for control of Gharyan, a key mountain town that is a strategic gateway on the road to Tripoli.
    (AP, 8/13/11)
2011        Aug 13, In Acapulco, Mexico, the body of a man who had been beaten in several places was found half-buried in the ground wrapped in a bedspread, while two men who had been shot were found in a graveyard.
    (AP, 8/14/11)
2011        Aug 13, Northern Ireland police came under attack from Irish Catholic rioters in the British territory's second-largest city of Londonderry but reported no serious injuries. Several hours of violence followed a peaceful parade through the medieval walled center of Londonderry by about 12,000 members of the Apprentice Boys of Derry.
    (AP, 8/13/11)
2011        Aug 13, In Pakistan gunmen abducted Warren Weinstein, an American development expert, after breaking into his house in Lahore. The unusually brazen raid illustrated the threat to foreigners in this militancy-wracked country. By Aug 24 three arrests were made after officers tracked cell phone numbers. On Dec 2 Al-Qaeda leader Ayman al-Zawahiri acknowledged that the terror group was holding Weinstein.
    (AP, 8/13/11)(AP, 8/24/11)(AFP, 12/2/11)
2011        Aug 13, Ihab Ghussein, a spokesman for Gaza's Hamas rulers, said foreigners must now obtain visas to enter the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 8/13/11)
2011        Aug 13, Fashion designer Jesus del Pozo (65), one of Spain's most influential style modernizers, died. Del Pozo opened his first outlet in Madrid in 1974, making him a contemporary of Antonio Miro and Adolfo Dominguez. His first collection was unveiled in 1976.
    (AP, 8/14/11)
2011        Aug 13, Syrian tanks fanned out across a neighborhood in the coastal city of Latakia amid intense shooting that sent many resident fleeing to safer areas. Scores of security agents and pro-government gunmen, known as Shabiha, entered the town of Qusair near the border with Lebanon and several nearby villages, arresting scores of residents. At least two people were killed after 20 tanks and armored personnel carriers rolled into Latakia’s al-Ramel district.
    (AP, 8/13/11)(AP, 8/14/11)
2011        Aug 13, In Venezuela a light plane landed on a coastal road in Falcon state with 1.4 tons of cocaine. A shootout followed between state police and national detectives (CICPC). The plane had taken off from a military airport in Caracas. 2 people were killed.
    (Econ, 10/8/11, p.48)(www.madcowprod.com/08242011.htm)

2011        Aug 14, The hacker group known as Anonymous struck a Bay Area Rapid Transit website and released customer information in retaliation for BART’s decision to cut cellular phone service to prevent an antipolice protest in San Francisco. Hackers carried out a 2nd attack on Aug 17 breaching the website of the agency’s rank-and-file police.
    (SFC, 8/15/11, p.A1)(SFC, 8/18/11, p.A1)
2011        Aug 14, In eastern Afghanistan a team of six suicide bombers, some wearing explosive vests, stormed a provincial governor's compound, killing 22 people in the Parwan provincial capital of Charikar. 3 of the attackers were killed as they approached the governor's house. 16 of the dead were civilian Afghan government employees and 6 were policemen. A French soldier was killed by isolated fire during an operation in the northeast province of Kapisa.
    (AP, 8/14/11)
2011        Aug 14, In Algeria a suicide bomber crashed a small truck apparently laden with explosives into a police station in Tizi Ouzou, the capital of the Kabylie region, injuring 29 people. Kabylie, the Berber capital, is the stronghold of al-Qaida in the Islamic Maghreb. On Aug 17 Al-Qaida in the Islamic Maghreb claimed responsibility.
    (AP, 8/14/11)(AP, 8/18/11)
2011        Aug 14, In Bangladesh a group of influential villagers in Habiganj district voted that Ferdousi Akhter (35) should leave the community after she was accused of having an affair with a neighbor while her husband was working abroad. Akhter took her four children aged 8-12 and jumped with them in front of a train later in the day, killing herself and two of the children.
    (AP, 8/16/11)
2011        Aug 14, In Cambodia a 6-year-old girl died from bird flu. She was the eighth person to die from the H5N1 flu virus this year in Cambodia.
    (AP, 8/24/11)
2011        Aug 14, Canada's trade and agriculture ministers said Vietnam has lifted its eight-year-old ban on Canadian live breeding cattle, sheep and goats, becoming the first Asian country to do so since a 2003 discovery of mad cow disease.
    (Reuters, 8/14/11)
2011        Aug 14, Chinese state media said authorities in the northeastern port city of Dalian ordered a petrochemical plant be shut down after more than 12,000 people demonstrated over pollution concerns. Calls to relocate the plant grew after waves from Tropical Storm Muifa broke a dike guarding it on August 8 and raised fears that flood waters could release toxic chemicals. A gas blast in a coal mine killed 10 people in Panxian county in Guizhou province.
    (AP, 8/14/11)(AP, 8/15/11)(Econ, 8/20/11, p.41)
2011        Aug 14, In Honduras 2 peasants and 4 guards at the Paso del Aguan ranch died when 300 peasants armed with machetes and automatic rifles tried to take over the ranch. Police the next day found the bodies of five peasants in a trash dump near the ranch. They included 3 men and 2 women.
    (AP, 8/15/11)
2011        Aug 14, An Indian naval ship closed in on a cargo ship, believed to have been hijacked and used to smuggle contraband in the eastern Arabian Sea. The "overwhelmed" crew did not offer any resistance. Automatic weapons were found on the ship. The crew included five Yemenis, two Tanzanians, one Kenyan and one Somalian.
    (AP, 8/15/11)
2011        Aug 14, Bollywood superstar Shammi Kapoor (b.1931) died in Mumbai. The Indian movie star was featured in over 100 films including “Tumsa Nahin Dekha" (Never Seen Anyone Like You, 1957) and “Junglee" (1961).
    (Econ, 8/27/11, p.76)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shammi_Kapoor)
2011        Aug 14, In Iraq a pair of bombs hit an Iraqi army patrol in north Baghdad, killing five security personnel and injuring 10 other people.
    (AP, 8/14/11)
2011        Aug 14, In Jersey a Polish man (30) 6 people in a frenzied stabbing spree, the deadliest crime in memory on the Channel Island. Damian Rzeszowski stabbed to death his wife Izabela Rzeszowska (30) their two children, Kinga (5) and Kacper (2) in a flat in the capital St Helier. He also killed his wife's father Marek Garstka (56) and her friend Marta Dominika De La Haye (34) and five-year-old daughter Julia Frances. On Aug 24, 2012, Rzeszowski was convicted of manslaughter. On Oct 29, 2012, he was sentenced to 30 years in prison for each murder with the sentences to run concurrently.
    (AP, 8/15/11)(AFP, 8/25/11)(AP, 8/28/12)(AP, 10/29/12)
2011        Aug 14, In Jordan a reform committee presented constitutional changes to King Abdullah II, but activists said the changes do not go far enough. The 42 proposed changes included limiting the jurisdiction of military courts to only terrorism and espionage cases.
    (AP, 8/14/11)
2011        Aug 14, Libyan rebels and troops loyal to Moammar Gadhafi fought for control of Zawiya, a day after opposition forces pushed from the western mountains into the strategic city in their most dramatic advance in months. Rebel officials said they had captured the town of Gharyan, 50 miles (80 km) south of Tripoli, which sits on the supply road from southern Libya to the capital. Rebels said they also captured the town of Surman.
    (AP, 8/14/11)(AP, 8/15/11)
2011        Aug 14, In Mexico 8 people were killed in Acapulco. A grenade blast has killed one man and wounded a woman and two children in the Gulf coast city of Veracruz. A grenade tossed onto a busy tourist boulevard in the Gulf coast city of Veracruz killed one man and seriously wounded his wife and their two young children. The navy found objects belonging to 4 servicemen kidnapped earlier this month in a raid on a warehouse. Investigators later found four bodies in four pits on the outskirts of the state capital.
    (AP, 8/14/11)(AP, 8/15/11)(AP, 8/18/11)
2011        Aug 14, Myanmar opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi tested the limits of her freedom by taking her first political trip into the countryside since being released from house arrest.
    (AP, 8/14/11)
2011        Aug 14, Nepal's latest prime minister, Jhalnath Khanal, resigned after failing to make progress toward adopting a constitution during his six months in office.
    (AP, 8/15/11)
2011        Aug 14, In Nepal hundreds of gay, lesbian, transgender people marched with supporters in the southern town of Narayanghat to demand equal rights under a new constitution the country is in the process of writing.
    (AP, 8/14/11)
2011        Aug 14, In Nigeria attackers stabbed eight people to death in Jos, a central region beset by religious and ethnic tensions.
    (AP, 8/15/11)
2011        Aug 14, In Pakistan a bomb attached to a timer ripped through a two-story hotel in Dera Allah Yar, Baluchistan province, reducing the building to rubble and killing 12 people. Elsewhere in Baluchistan, two gunmen riding a motorcycle killed a local journalist in the city of Khuzdar. Suspected militants fired rockets at a paramilitary base in Miran Shah, North Waziristan, during an independence day ceremony, killing 3 soldiers and wounding 23 others. A land mine killed 2 paramilitary soldiers and wounded 5 others on patrol in the Orakzai tribal area.
    (AP, 8/14/11)
2011        Aug 14, Singapore's PM Lee Hsien Loong said his government will seek to favor its citizens after a backlash against a surge in foreign workers. He also said the government will build 50,000 apartments during this year and next to help stabilize a spike in housing prices.
    (AP, 8/14/11)
2011        Aug 14, In eastern South Africa two planes carrying 13 people went missing. The wreckage was spotted from a helicopter on Aug 16 and there were no survivors.
    (AP, 8/16/11)
2011        Aug 14, Syrian gunboats firing heavy machine guns pounded impoverished districts of Latakia, killing at least 19 people in a renewed assault on the Mediterranean coastal city. A health official said two law enforcement officials were killed in Latakia and 41 wounded in addition to a number of gunmen whose identities were not known.
    (AP, 8/14/11)
2011        Aug 14, In southern Yemen 17 al-Qaida-linked militants and three army soldiers have been killed in fighting over the last 24 hours.
    (AP, 8/14/11)

2011        Aug 15, The US Defense Department announced that it had selected 20 separate contractors for the new National Afghan Trucking Services contract potentially worth $983.5 million to replace Host Nation Trucking. Officials said the new arrangement will reduce the reliance on subcontractors and diminish the risk of money being lost.
    (AP, 8/17/11)
2011        Aug 15, Paul "Doug" Peters, a man wanted in Australia for allegedly strapping a fake bomb to the neck of a teenage girl in a suburban Sydney home on August 3, was arrested near Louisville, Kentucky.
    (Reuters, 8/16/11)
2011        Aug 15, In Philadelphia Corey White (22) was shot to death hours after a judge held two people for trial for conspiring to kill him in a murder-for-hire plot on Facebook.
    (SFC, 8/17/11, p.A6)
2011        Aug 15, Google moved to acquire Motorola Mobility for $12.5 billion.
    (SFC, 8/16/11, p.C1)
2011        Aug 15, In eastern Afghanistan insurgents attacked a district government center, sparking a gunbattle that lasted for hours and left a police officer and four militants dead in the Qarabagh district of Ghazni province. Militants attacked a fuel tanker depot outside the main international military base in Kandahar city, killing four security guards.
    (AP, 8/15/11)(AP, 8/16/11)
2011        Aug 15, In western China Tsewang Norbu (29), a Buddhist monk, died after setting himself on fire in Sichuan province's Garze Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture an ethnically Tibetan region.
    (AP, 8/15/11)
2011        Aug 15, Egyptian troops, backed by armored vehicles, carried out five raids in el-Arish, the provincial capital of North Sinai. In one location, they clashed with gunmen, killing one. Ten suspects and six wanted criminals were also arrested. A Cairo judge stopped live TV broadcasts of former Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak's trial.
    (AP, 8/15/11)
2011        Aug 15, In Indonesia Deden Sudjana (48), wounded when Islamic hard-liners launched a deadly attack on his minority sect, was sentenced to six months in prison, more than some of those caught on video taking part in the Feb 6 lynching.
    (AP, 8/15/11)
2011        Aug 15, In Ingushetia 4 servicemen were killed and 7 wounded by rebels in Russia’s North Caucasus.
    (AP, 8/15/11)
2011        Aug 15, In Iraq bomb blasts ripped through more than a dozen Iraqi cities, killing at least 89 security forces and civilians in the worst attack this year. 7 explosions went off in different towns in Diyala province alone. In Kut a bomb went off in a freezer used to keep drinks cold. As rescuers and onlookers gathered, a parked car bomb exploded killing 35 people with 64 injured. Gunmen wearing military uniforms pulled seven people from a Sunni mosque in Youssifiyah and then shot and killed them execution-style. After the killings, the gunmen shouted they were fighters from the Islamic State of Iraq, a front group for al-Qaida in Iraq.
    (AP, 8/15/11)(AP, 8/16/11)(SFC, 8/16/11, p.A2)(Econ, 8/20/11, p.44)
2011        Aug 15, Israel approved the building of 277 apartments in the Jewish settlement in Ariel, the deepest one inside the West Bank, defying international criticism of continued construction on land the Palestinians claim for a state.
    (AP, 8/15/11)
2011        Aug 15, Libya's interior minister, Nassr al-Mabrouk Abdullah, and nine of his family members flew into Cairo from Tunisia on their private plane in what appeared to be the highest level defection from Moammar Gadhafi's regime in months. Rebels consolidated positions in some parts of Zawiya, but appeared to have lost ground in others. In an audio message Gadhafi urged his supporters to dig in and fight.
    (AP, 8/15/11)
2011        Aug 15, Nigerian guards in Borno state killed the 25-year-old man who was driving a sedan loaded with seven gas cylinders and cans of gasoline and gunpowder into a police headquarters hosting a recruitment drive. In the north gunmen attacked a microfinance bank, carting away bags of cash and bombing a police station when making their escape. Gunmen attacked two separate police stations across northern Nigeria, killing four police officers and two civilians in one attack while bombing a station in another.
    (AP, 8/15/11)(AP, 8/16/11)
2011        Aug 15, In the southern Philippines a car bomb killed 2 people and wounded seven in an attack targeting Maguindanao Gov. Esmael Mangudadatu, who took office after many of his relatives were slain in the country's worst political massacre in 2009. Mangudadatu was unhurt. Authorities arrested a suspect after a witness saw him leaving the bomb-laden car and fleeing the scene of the attack in Tacurong City.
    (AP, 8/15/11)(AP, 8/18/11)
2011        Aug 15, In Spain 3 children were found dead at a home for disabled kids in Boecillo and a woman (55) who worked there was taken into custody. The children were severely disabled and had very limited mobility.
    (AP, 8/15/11)
2011        Aug 15, Syrian troops besieged residential areas of Latakia and Homs, firing on residents as they fled for safety and killing at least two people during broad military assaults to root out dissent against President Bashar Assad's autocratic regime. At least 17 people were reported killed, six of them in Latakia. The other deaths were in Homs and Houla.
    (AP, 8/15/11)(AP, 8/16/11)
2011        Aug 15, A Trinidad police union called for a day of "rest and reflection" as a way to protest the government's offer of a 5 percent pay raise. The union says that isn't enough. Some 25% of the Caribbean country's police officers joined in the one-day strike.
    (AP, 8/15/11)
2011        Aug 15, Tunisian police fired tear gas to disperse protesters throwing stones and smashing storefronts in an unexpected eruption of violence in the country's capital. A few hundred lawyers protested in Tunis over what they said is continuing corruption in the courts and too-lax verdicts against those in the regime of ousted President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali.
    (AP, 8/15/11)
2011        Aug 15, The United Nations called for a thorough probe into alleged war crimes and crimes against humanity committed in Sudan's South Kordofan region between June 5-30, shortly before the nation formally separated into two countries.
    (AP, 8/15/11)
2011        Aug 15, The UN's World Food Program for the first time acknowledged it has been investigating food theft in Somalia for two months. Vast piles of food sacks with stamps on them from the World Food Program, the US government aid arm USAID and the Japanese government were found for sale in Mogadishu markets.
    (AP, 8/15/11)

2011        Aug 16, The US National Marriage Project reported that the number of Americans with children who live together without marrying has increased 12-fold since 1970.
    (SFC, 8/17/11, p.A6)
2011        Aug 16, Tampa police arrested Jared Cano (17), an expelled student, after thwarting what they called a "catastrophic" plot to set off a bomb at his former high school next week.
    (AP, 8/17/11)
2011        Aug 16, Seattle voters approved a measure to build the biggest ever deep bore tunnel to carry cars past the city’s downtown. The $1.9 billion tunnel would be part of a $3.1 billion project to demolish a 2-level viaduct on the scenic waterfront.
    (SFC, 8/18/11, p.A8)
2011        Aug 16, In Afghanistan a gunman riding a motorcycle killed Rabia Sadat, a woman who works for the Afghan government, in a drive-by shooting outside of her home in Kandahar. A bomb planted on a motorcycle exploded at a market in Uruzgan province killing 8 people.
    (AP, 8/16/11)(SFC, 8/17/11, p.A2)
2011        Aug 16, In Bahrain an international panel investigating unrest closed its office after angry crowds scuffled with staff members following reports that government officials would be cleared of committing abuses against protesters seeking greater rights.
    (AP, 8/16/11)
2011        Aug 16, In Britain a 16-year-old boy was ordered to stand trial for the murder of a retiree attacked when he confronted rioters in London. Richard Bowes (68) was found lying in a street during violence in Ealing, on Aug. 8. He died of head injuries three days later.
    (AP, 8/16/11)
2011        Aug 16, Hackers attacked the website of a prominent Canadian newspaper and posted a false news item alleging Quebec Premier Jean Charest had died of a heart attack.
    (Reuters, 8/16/11)
2011        Aug 16, French President Nicolas Sarkozy and Germany Chancellor Angela Merkel called for greater economic and political unity among the 17 nations that share the euro.
    (AP, 8/17/11)
2011        Aug 16, In India anti-corruption activist Anna Hazare (74), arrested for planning a public hunger strike, began his fast behind bars as his supporters held protests across the country, with thousands detained by police. The government decided to release as public anger rose, but Hazare refused to leave jail unless he was given written permission to resume his fast in a park in central Delhi.
    (AP, 8/17/11)(SFC, 8/17/11, p.A3)
2011        Aug 16, Israeli aircraft struck 5 targets in the Gaza Strip, killing 1 militant and wounding 4 other Palestinians in retaliation for rocket fire on southern Israel the previous evening.
    (AP, 8/16/11)
2011        Aug 16, Ivory Coast Minister of Defense Paul Koffi Koffi said the government plans to disarm and demobilize some 10,000 fighters in the wake of postelection violence earlier this year. He said the process should be completed by the end of the year.
    (AP, 8/17/11)
2011        Aug 16, In Libya rebels clashed with Gadhafi troops for control of the refinery in Brega. A rebel doctor said 18 rebels had been killed and 74 injured.
    (AP, 8/17/11)
2011        Aug 16, Mexican President Felipe Calderon signed into law a constitutional change eliminating the "pocket veto," a measure that formerly allowed presidents to kill legislation by refusing to sign it.
    (AP, 8/16/11)
2011        Aug 16, In southern Nepal an overcrowded boat carrying at least 35 people capsized in the rain-swollen Kamala river. At least 20 people were missing.
    (AP, 8/16/11)
2011        Aug 16, Norway’s Statoil said that the North SEa Aldous and Avaldsnes oil discoveries together contain between 500 million and 1.2 billion barrels of oil, significantly more than previously thought.
    (SFC, 8/31/11, p.A4)(http://tinyurl.com/3u5v3zp)
2011        Aug 16, Poland's prosecutor general announced the dismissal of two officials who played a role in giving Belarus financial data about Ales Belyatsky, a leading human rights activist, information that resulted in his arrest.
    (AP, 8/16/11)
2011        Aug 16, Romania’s controversial Tourism Minister Elena Udrea sparked outrage with a frock she admitted cost as much as many Romanians make in more than a month. She defended the $1290 dress, insisting it cost less than the thousands of euros that media has reported.
    (AP, 8/17/11)
2011        Aug 16, In Syria heavy machine-gun fire erupted across the besieged city of Latakia as the death toll rose to 35 from a military assault now in its fourth day. Army units began withdrawing from Deir el-Zour after clearing the city of "armed terrorist gangs" in an operation that lasted several days.
    (AP, 8/16/11)
2011        Aug 16, In Yemen at least 33 people were killed over the last 24 hours in government raids in a restive tribal area northeast of the capital Sanaa. President Ali Abdullah Saleh vowed to return to Yemen soon from Saudi Arabia, where he has been recuperating from wounds he suffered in an attack on his palace compound.
    (AP, 8/16/11)
2011        Aug 16, In Zimbabwe former military chief Gen. Solomon Mujuru (62), one of the country’s main political power brokers and the husband of the vice president, died in an overnight fire at one of his homes.
    (AP, 8/16/11)

2011        Aug 17, US health officials said two children and a young man have died this summer from the brain-eating Naegleria fowleri, an amoeba that lives in water. About 120 US cases, almost all of them deaths, have been reported since the amoeba was identified in the early 1960s, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
    (AP, 8/18/11)
2011        Aug 17, In New Jersey Randy "Amanda" Lehrer (32) was last seen leaving a diner where she worked. Her remains were found Sep 23 encased in concrete in the basement of the apartment building where she and her husband lived with their infant daughter. Her husband, Steven Acuna, was charged with her murder and jailed on $1 million bail.
    (AP, 9/25/11)
2011        Aug 17, Texas Gov. and GOP presidential candidate Rick Perry told New Hampshire voters that he does not believe in manmade global warming, calling it a scientific theory that has not been proven.
    (AP, 8/17/11)
2011        Aug 17, SABMiller, one of the world's largest brewers, said it will take a $10 billion bid for rival Foster's Group Ltd. straight to the Australian company's shareholders after the board rejected its offer as too low.
    (AP, 8/17/11)
2011        Aug 17, In Colombia suspected FARC rebels ambushed and killed five police officers and wounded two in the southwestern coastal town of Tumaco.
    (AP, 8/17/11)
2011        Aug 17, An Egyptian military tribunal sentenced two young activists to 6-months in prison after convicting them of insulting the army.
    (SFC, 8/18/11, p.A2)
2011        Aug 17, Southern Ethiopia teetered on the brink of a food crisis. The Ethiopian government said 250,000 people need food aid amid what the UN says is the worst drought in 60 years. An aid organization and agricultural officials said the number of people who need emergency food aid in Ethiopia is bigger, around 700,000.
    (AP, 8/17/11)
2011        Aug 17, In Germany vandals set fire to 18 cars parked in residential Berlin neighborhoods overnight. Vandals had torched 11 cars the previous evening. Police believed the arsons were politically motivated. Chancellor Angela Merkel's Cabinet approved a four-year extension for a package of terrorism-fighting measures enacted after the Sept. 11, 2001 attacks.
    (AP, 8/17/11)
2011        Aug 17, Iran's foreign minister Ali Akbar Salehi, speaking in Russia, said Iran is ready to resume negotiations on its nuclear program and a Russian proposal will aid the process.
    (AP, 8/17/11)
2011        Aug 17, Lebanon’s parliament passed legislation banning smoking in closed public places, like bars and restaurants. It will go into effect over the next year.
    (SFC, 8/18/11, p.A2)
2011        Aug 17, In Libya rebels battled Moammar Gadhafi loyalists for control over the only functioning oil refinery in the western city of Zawiya, as the opposition tried to cut off fuel supplies to the regime's stronghold of Tripoli. NATO warplanes sunk a tugboat carrying troops loyal to Gadhafi away from Zawiya as rebels advanced closer to Tripoli.
    (AP, 8/17/11)(AP, 8/19/11)
2011        Aug 17, In Pakistan Islamist militants crossed over from Afghanistan and shot dead an anti-Taliban tribal elder and his son in the northwestern Bajur tribal region. Suspected gang members killed 17 mostly Urdu-speaking people in Karachi. Many of the victims were tortured, shot and stuffed in sacks that were dumped on the streets.
    (AP, 8/17/11)(AP, 8/18/11)
2011        Aug 17, Peru's new government confirmed that it is temporarily suspending eradication of coca in the central Tingo Maria region while it re-evaluates its counter-drug program. Peru is the No. 2 producer of cocaine after Colombia. Its coca crop has been growing steadily the past four years.
    (AP, 8/18/11)
2011        Aug 17, In the Philippines the Moro Islamic Liberation Front vice chairman Ghazali Jaafar said its central committee plans to issue a resolution declaring that Ameril Umbra Kato is no longer a member unless he returns to its fold, an unlikely prospect since he has rejected earlier calls to rejoin. Kato has opposed the main rebel group's peace talks with the government and called for jihad, or holy war, for a separate Muslim state.
    (AP, 8/17/11)
2011        Aug 17, A group of some 27,000 South Koreans sued Apple for $26 million for what they claim are privacy violations from the collection of iPhone user location information.
    (AP, 8/17/11)
2011        Aug 17, In Spain an anti-pope demonstration was held in Madrid. Police had arrested Mexican chemistry student Jose Perez Bautista (24) a day earlier because of threats he made on the Internet against anti-pope demonstrators due to take part in the rally. Bautista was released on Aug 18 but remained under investigation.
    (AP, 8/18/11)
2011        Aug 17, Syrian troops detained dozens of people in a Damascus neighborhood and the coastal city of Latakia in overnight raids as President Bashar Assad's regime tried to forcefully end a five-month uprising. A woman died of her wounds two days after she was injured in Latakia. In the northwestern Idlib province, a bullet killed a man as he stood on his balcony. , Activists said security forces killed 18 people across the country including 9 in Homs.
    (AP, 8/17/11)(AP, 8/18/11)
2011        Aug 17, Doctors in Trinidad said PM Kamla Persad-Bissessar is among the nearly 1,700 people who have been diagnosed with hemorrhagic dengue, a mosquito-born virus. He was expected to recover.
    (AP, 8/18/11)
2011        Aug 17, In Turkey Kurdish PKK rebels ambushed a military convoy in Cukurca township near the border with Iraq killing 9 soldiers. Officials vowed strong military retaliation. Turkey's air force attacked 60 suspected Kurdish rebel targets in northern Iraq. The military it vowed to continue the assault until the guerrilla group is "rendered ineffective."
    (AP, 8/17/11)(AP, 8/18/11)(Econ, 8/27/11, p.43)
2011        Aug 17, The United Nations appealed for $1.2 billion for famine victims in Somalia and its Horn of Africa neighbors and Muslim nations pledged to contribute $350 million.
    (AP, 8/17/11)
2011        Aug 17, The Vatican, reeling from unprecedented criticism over its handling of sexual abuse cases in Ireland, took the unusual step of publishing its internal files about Rev. Andrew Ronan (d.1992) accused of molesting youngsters in Ireland and the US. A man, known in court papers as John V. Doe, was seeking to hold the Vatican liable for the abuse. Files showed that the Holy See didn't learn of the accusations against Ronan until 1966, after the abuse against Doe occurred in Portland.
    (AP, 8/17/11)
2011        Aug 17, Venezuela’s Pres. Chavez said that he is nationalizing the nation’s gold mining industry and that he intends to bring home $1 billion in gold reserves held in the US and European banks. In western Venezuela inmates brawled in an overcrowded prison, killing seven prisoners and injuring 37 people, including eight visitors.
    (SFC, 8/18/11, p.A2)(AP, 8/18/11)
2011        Aug 17, A Venezuelan military helicopter carrying 10 soldiers crashed into the sea off the Caribbean coast. Searchers rescued one soldier and found the body of one of the helicopter's pilots. The wreckage and remaining bodies were recovered by Aug 20.
    (AP, 8/17/11)(AP, 8/20/11)
2011        Aug 17, Yemeni opposition leaders formed a national council to act as government in waiting. 143 members were recruited from a broad array of the opposition, including military commanders and former members of government.
    (SFC, 8/18/11, p.A2)

2011        Aug 18, US federal officials said they have busted a drug trafficking gang in El Cahon, southern California. Many of the 60 suspects were Iraqi Chaldeans suspected of being affiliated with the Chaldean Organized Crime Syndicate based in Detroit, Michigan.
    (SFC, 8/19/11, p.A11)
2011        Aug 18, US mortgage rates fell the lowest rate in more than half a century as the average rate for a 30-year fixed loan dropped to 4.15%.
    (SFC, 8/19/11, p.D1)
2011        Aug 18, Stock markets around the world plunged as rising signs of a US recession combined with renewed worries over the financial health of Europe's banks. The DJIA closed at 10,990.58, down 419.63.
    (AP, 8/18/11)(SFC, 8/19/11, p.D1)
2011        Aug 18, Kansas City, Mo., authorities passed an ordinance that sets curfews as early as 9 p.m. for people under age 18, following the weekend shooting of three teenagers at a large late-night "flash mob" gathering. Three youths aged 13 to 16 were injured by apparently random gunshots at the Country Club Plaza.
    (AP, 8/20/11)
2011        Aug 18, Hewlett-Packard said that it would exit the personal computer business.
    (SFC, 8/19/11, p.A1)
2011        Aug 18, US researchers reported that the drug, SRT-1720, protects mice from the usual diseases of obesity. The drug is one of a set designed by Sirtris, a small pharmaceutical company in Cambridge, Mass.
    (SFC, 8/19/11, p.A13)
2011        Aug 18, In western Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed at least 21 passengers traveling on a minibus. In the east a suicide car bomber attacked a coalition base, killing two Afghan security guards.
    (AP, 8/18/11)
2011        Aug 18, Chile officially recognized 9,800 more victims of the Pinochet dictatorship (1973-1990), increasing the total number of people killed, tortured or imprisoned for political reasons to 40,018. Victims, relatives of those killed and survivors were entitled to benefits and compensation.
    (AP, 8/18/11)
2011        Aug 18, In China a fight broke out in Beijing between the visiting Georgetown University men's basketball team and the Bayi Rockets, the army's Chinese Basketball Association team, forcing play to end early. Video footage spread on the Internet and worldwide TV news.
    (AP, 8/19/11)
2011        Aug 18, Four EU countries (Austria, Netherlands, Slovakia, Slovenia) said they want hundreds of millions of euros in collateral as security for a bailout of Greece. Finland had just struck a deal with Greece for cash collateral on Aug 16.
    (SFC, 8/19/11, p.A2)
2011        Aug 18, In Germany 9 cars were torched in Berlin in the third consecutive night of arson attacks that have outraged Germans and drawn condemnation from Chancellor Angela Merkel. Police offered a euro5,000 ($7,180) reward to anyone who helps them find the perpetrators.
    (AP, 8/18/11)
2011        Aug 18, In India Anna Hazare, who has been fasting since Aug 16, reached an agreement with police to hold a 15-day demonstration fast starting Aug 19 to push for tough new anti-corruption legislation, after a two-day standoff at a New Delhi jail.
    (AP, 8/18/11)   
2011        Aug 18, In southern Israel assailants armed with heavy weapons, guns and explosives launched three attacks in quick succession near the border with Egypt's Sinai Peninsula, killing 8 people and wounding about a dozen more. Israeli security forces tracked down some of the assailants and are engaged in an ongoing gunbattle with them. 3 Egyptian security personnel died as a result of the gunbattles. 2 more died from wounds the next day. A 6th died from wounds in September. Israel responded hours after the border attack with an airstrike in Gaza that killed five members of the Palestinian group that Israel said was behind it, an organization known as the Popular Resistance Committees. The dead included the group's leader.
    (AP, 8/18/11)(AP, 8/19/11)(AFP, 9/11/11)
2011        Aug 18, Ivory Coast's former strongman Laurent Gbagbo was charged with economic crimes including aggravated theft and embezzlement of public funds.
    (AP, 8/18/11)
2011        Aug 18, In Libya 5 loud explosions shook the center of Tripoli, as rebels in the western mountains claimed control of the Zawiya oil refinery. Gadhafi troops were still in control of Gamal Abdel-Nasser Street and were hiding in the hospital there. PM al-Baghdadi Ali al-Mahmoudi said the government was in negotiations with rebels. NATO planes took out five tanks in Zawiya. NATO hit four military facilities in Tripoli.
    (AP, 8/18/11)(AP, 8/19/11)
2011        Aug 18, Mexican soldiers killed eight gunmen in a clash in the northern border state of Nuevo Leon. Police in Acapulco reported finding two ice chests, one of which held a man's head and the other containing what appeared to be his leg and right foot. Guerrero state police said three other coolers were found in another part of the city with other body parts. 3 men were found shot to death in Acapulco city buses.
    (AP, 8/18/11)
2011        Aug 18, Myanmar's state-run media said the government has officially invited armed ethnic groups to join peace talks for the first time.
    (AP, 8/18/11)
2011        Aug 18, In Nigeria attackers shot dead Tafai Saifudeen (55), a Lebanese auto parts dealer, in front of his shop on Murtala Mohammed Way in the city of Kano.
    (AP, 8/19/11)
2011        Aug 18, In Pakistan suspected gang members killed 22 mostly Urdu-speaking people  in Karachi. Many of the victims were tortured, shot and stuffed in sacks that were dumped on the streets.
    (AP, 8/18/11)
2011        Aug 18, The chief of Russia's state arms trader Rosoboronexport, Anatoly Isaikin, said Moscow will keep supplying combat jets and other military gear to Syria under contracts totaling about $3.5 billion (euro2.43 billion).
    (AP, 8/19/11)
2011        Aug 18, Russia lost contact with its Express-AM4 communications satellite shortly after its launch, the latest in a series of failures that has dogged the nation's space program. Failure of the upper stage, the Briz-M, resulted in the loss of communications.
    (AP, 8/18/11)
2011        Aug 18, In South Sudan 125 people were killed in a cattle raid during which tribesmen stole 2,000 cattle in the country's east. 8 villages were destroyed when warriors from the Murle tribe in Pidor county attacked the Lou-Nuer tribe of Uror county. On Aug 22 the numbers rose to at least 600 people killed and up to 985 people injured in the clashes. The UN later said over 25,000 cows were stolen in the attack.
    (AP, 8/21/11)(AFP, 8/22/11)(AFP, 9/28/11)
2011        Aug 18, Spanish authorities arrested Aeromexico co-pilot Ruben Garcia Garcia for attempting to smuggle 93 pounds of cocaine into the European country.
    (AP, 8/23/11)
2011        Aug 18, Pope Benedict XVI arrived in Spain for a nearly 4-day visit to celebrate World Youth Day.
    (SFC, 8/18/11, p.A2)
2011        Aug 18, Syrian President Bashar Assad told the UN chief that military operations in his country have ended. The EU urged Syria's President Assad to resign amid a mounting crackdown on an anti-government revolt. Activists reported intense shooting around noon in the flashpoint city of Latakia.
    (AP, 8/18/11)
2011        Aug 18, In southern Turkey the PKK attacked police and military stations in simultaneous overnight rocket strikes in Siirt province, killing two soldiers and wounding three civilians. Turkey's air force attacked 28 suspected Kurdish rebel targets in northern Iraq, in a second day of cross-border strikes in retaliation for stepped up attacks by the guerrillas.
    (AP, 8/19/11)
2011        Aug 18, Vietnam’s government warned that it would no longer tolerate weekly demonstrations that have taken place in Hanoi for the past 10 weekends over disputed territory in the South China Sea.
    (AP, 8/21/11)

2011        Aug 19, William Walter Asher III (66), a convicted murderer who escaped from a California prison camp in 1975, was taken into custody without incident at a home in the Northern California town of Salida. Asher was originally arrested in Chicago in 1966, where authorities say he fled at the age of 20 after taking part in a San Francisco bar robbery in which the bartender was shot and beaten to death.
    (Reuters, 8/22/11)
2011        Aug 19, Phoenix, Az., cleaned itself up after a wall of dust 1,000 feet tall blanketed the city. It was the 3rd major dust storm to the Phoenix area since last month.
    (SFC, 8/20/11, p.A6)
2011        Aug 19, In Atlanta, Georgia, Jullian Jones (22), a mother of four, was gunned down. Police sought Javaris Crittenton, a former NBA player, for the murder. Authorities said Jones likely not the intended target when Crittenton fired shots from an SUV, retaliating for an April robbery in which he was a victim.
    (AP, 8/28/11)
2011        Aug 19, Bank of America said it is cutting 3,500 jobs. Recent bank layoffs indicated permanent structural changes.
    (SFC, 8/20/11, p.D3)
2011        Aug 19, SoloPower of San Jose, Ca., won final approval for a $197 million federal loan guarantee to expand its headquarters and open 2 new manufacturing facilities in Portland, Ore.
    (SFC, 8/20/11, p.D1)
2011        Aug 19, In Afghanistan at least 4 suicide attackers stormed a British compound in Kabul, killing 9 people in a series of explosions and a more than eight-hour gunfight on the anniversary of the country's 1919 independence from Britain. Two of the bombers were killed by police; the other two detonated their explosives. Two Germans citizens went missing at the south end of the Salang Pass, north of Kabul. On Sep 5 a rescue team reached their bodies in Parwan province and the two men had bullet wounds in their chests.
    (AP, 8/19/11)(AFP, 8/20/11)(AP, 8/23/11)(AP, 9/5/11)
2011        Aug 19, Belarus said it has suspended an effort to fully give up its Soviet-era stockpile of highly enriched uranium with US assistance in response to new American sanctions.
    (AP, 8/19/11)
2011        Aug 19, In England Judith Richardson (77) was found battered to death with a hammer in Hexam, Northumberland. Graeme Jarman (47), serial sex attacker, was suspected in the murder. He went missing after failing to appear in court on a shoplifting charge on August 23.
    (AFP, 8/30/11)
2011        Aug 19, China banned 100 songs from being featured on websites, barring artists ranging from Lady Gaga to the Backstreet Boys apparently for being out of tune with the country's cultural authorities.
    (AFP, 8/25/11)
2011        Aug 19, In eastern India suspected Maoist rebels attacked a police patrol, fatally shooting nine officers and one civilian in Chhattisgarh state.
    (AP, 8/19/11)
2011        Aug 19, Al-Qaida in Iraq vowed to carry out "100 attacks" across the country, starting in the middle of the Muslim holy month of Ramadan, to exact revenge for the death of Osama bin Laden. Aug 15 marked the middle of Ramadan.
    (AP, 8/20/11)
2011        Aug 19, In Libya explosions shook Tripoli as NATO jets were heard circling overhead. Flames lit up the Tripoli skies near Gadhafi's Bab al-Aziziya headquarters and army barracks. Rebel spokesman Mahmoud Shammam said that Abdel Salam Jalloud, a close Moammar Gadhafi associate, had fled to a rebel-held area in the western mountains and was on his way to Europe.
    (AP, 8/19/11)
2011        Aug 19, Myanmar pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi held her first meeting with the military-dominated country's new President Thein Sein. It was her highest contact with the new government since her release from house arrest last November.
    (AP, 8/20/11)
2011        Aug 19, In Nigeria 3 policemen and a civilian were shot and killed at a residence in Maiduguri by suspected members of the radical Boko Haram Muslim sect.
    (AP, 8/19/11)
2011        Aug 19, In Pakistan a suicide bomber struck a Sunni mosque in the Khyber tribal region during prayers, killing 48 people and wounding 85 others in the deadliest attack in the country in recent weeks. 2 US missiles struck a house in South Waziristan killing 4 people.
    (AP, 8/19/11)(AP, 8/20/11)
2011        Aug 19, Gaza militants launched barrages of rockets deep into Israel. Israeli aircraft struck targets in the Palestinian territory in the aftermath of the deadliest attack against Israelis in three years. Hamas said two children, 3 and 13, were killed in the Israeli strikes.
    (AP, 8/19/11)
2011        Aug 19, Papua New Guinea, 96% Christian, announced that it has named August 26 as the National Day of Repentence, a time for people to ask forgiveness for their sins.
    (SSFC, 8/25/13, p.M3)(http://tinyurl.com/lz8ba4x)
2011        Aug 19, Russia's Foreign Ministry cautioned the West against encouraging the Syrian opposition, and said it doesn't support Western calls for President Bashar Assad to resign.
    (AP, 8/19/11)
2011        Aug 19, Russia and North Korea both announced that Moscow will provide food assistance, including some 50,000 tons of wheat, to Pyongyang. North Korea might face another food crisis this year due to heavy rains.
    (AP, 8/20/11)
2011        Aug 19, In South Sudan fighters loyal to rebel leader George Athor crossed the border from north Sudan and attacked a town in Upper Nile state. The violence left 60 people dead, including seven soldiers and 53 militia members. Soldiers managed to repel the attackers.
    (AP, 8/21/11)
2011        Aug 19, In Spain Pope Benedict XVI lamented what he called modern society's "amnesia" about God as he traveled to a famed Spanish monastery on the second day of his four-day visit for the church's world youth festival.
    (AP, 8/19/11)
2011        Aug 19, Syrian security forces fired at thousands of protesters who poured into the streets throughout the country, killing at least 29 people one day after the United States and its European allies demanded that President Bashar Assad step down.
    (AP, 8/19/11)(AP, 8/20/11)
2011        Aug 19, Turkey's military hit 85 rebel targets with artillery fire. Warplanes bombed 20 suspected Kurdish rebel targets in northern Iraq in a third day of cross-border strikes.
    (AP, 8/20/11)
2011        Aug 19, The UN released the full text of its report on the Syrian crackdown. It said Syrian government forces may have committed crimes against humanity by conducting summary executions, torturing prisoners and targeting children. The release included rebuttals from the Syrian Foreign Ministry, offering a rare firsthand look into the regime's justifications for the crackdown.
    (AP, 8/20/11)
2011        Aug 19, The UN said tens of thousands of people have already died in Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia. It warned that the famine has not peaked and that 12 million people in the area need food aid.
    (AP, 8/20/11)
2011        Aug 19, Vietnamese officials said hand, foot and mouth disease has killed 81 children and continues to surge. PM Nguyen Tan Dung called for stepped up efforts for prevention.
    (SFC, 8/20/11, p.A2)

2011        Aug 20, In New Jersey a sport utility vehicle carrying eight members of the Mainland Regional High School football team in Linwood crashed on the Garden State Parkway, killing four players and injuring four.
    (AP, 8/21/11)
2011        Aug 20, In New Jersey 2 small planes performing aerobatic maneuvers over Hammonton collided  in midair killing one of the pilots.
    (SSFC, 8/21/11, p.A10)
2011        Aug 20, In southern Afghanistan a passenger bus careened off a road, killing 35 people. A string of insurgent attacks across the country killed five people.
    (AP, 8/20/11)
2011        Aug 20, A British military Red Arrows jet crashed while taking part in an air show in Bournemouth. Lt. John Egging (33) was the first Red Arrows pilot to die since 1978, when two were killed in a training accident. The Red Arrows display team were formed in 1965.
    (AP, 8/20/11)
2011        Aug 20, In Canada 12 people were killed when a Boeing 737, chartered by First Air, crashed near Resolute Bay in the far north of the Canadian Arctic, but three people survived.
    (Reuters, 8/21/11)(SSFC, 8/21/11, p.A6)
2011        Aug 20, Egypt said it would recall its ambassador from Israel to protest the deaths of at least 3 Egyptian troops killed in a shootout between Israeli soldiers and Palestinian militants.
    (AP, 8/20/11)
2011        Aug 20, In Honduras the UN-backed 1st World Summit of African Descendants called on the UN to create a development fund to fight poverty and protect the human rights of Afro-descendants. Over 1,000 representatives from 70 nations gathered for the event. The 2nd World Summit was scheduled for 2014 in Madrid.
    (AP, 8/21/11)
2011        Aug 20, In Hong Kong about 300 reporters and photographers rallied against what they called the suppression of press freedom and freedom of expression during the visit earlier this week of China’s Vice Premier Li Keqiang's.
    (AP, 8/20/11)
2011        Aug 20, Indian troops in Kashmir fought a deadly gunbattle with suspected rebels crossing the military Line of Control from Pakistani-controlled territory. One soldier and 11 suspected rebels were reported killed.
    (AP, 8/20/11)
2011        Aug 20, India’s West Bengal state government said at least 11 people have died in the last 24 hours from flood-related causes, including drowning and injury from collapsed homes.
    (AP, 8/21/11)
2011        Aug 20, Iran's state TV reported that Americans Shane Bauer and Josh Fattal, already held for two years in Tehran, have been sentenced to 8 years in jail each on charges of espionage and illegal entry. They had 20 days to appeal the sentence.
    (AP, 8/20/11)
2011        Aug 20, In central Kenya a group of 23 relatives and friends were killed after their minibus lost control, hit the barrier of a bridge and crashed down a rocky slope before landing in a dry river bed 90 miles east of Nairobi.
    (AP, 8/21/11)
2011        Aug 20, Libyan rebels gained full control of the strategic western city of Zawiya, pushing Moammar Gadhafi's troops back on the road east to Tripoli. Rebel military spokesman Col. Ahmed Bani said fighters gained control of the industrial section of Brega, after having captured its residential areas last week.
    (AP, 8/20/11)
2011        Aug 20, In Mexico 2 decapitated bodies and scalped heads were dumped outside a Sam's Club store in Acapulco while 3 headless corpses were found nearby on the resort city's main tourist strip. Authorities said they found the bullet-riddled bodies of nine men on a highway in the Pacific Coast state of Nayarit.
    (AP, 8/20/11)
2011        Aug 20, Reclusive North Korea's autocratic leader Kim Jong Il crossed into Russia on his armored train to discuss with President Dmitry Medvedev the possible renewal of nuclear disarmament talks and the construction of a pipeline that will stream Russian natural gas to both Koreas.
    (AP, 8/20/11)
2011        Aug 20, In Pakistan suspected militants ambushed a security convoy in the Aka Khel area of Khyber tribal region, killing two soldiers and wounding eight. Gunmen ambushed a police bus in Karachi, killing four officers.
    (AP, 8/20/11)
2011        Aug 20, In South Africa some 2,000 women draped sexy lingerie over their street clothes and marched through Cape Town, bringing the international "SlutWalks" campaign against the notion that a woman's appearance can excuse attacks to a country where rape is seen as a national crisis.
    (AP, 8/20/11)
2011        Aug 20, In South Sudan Human Rights' representative Benedict Sannoh was severely beaten at his hotel in Juba. Sannoh, a Liberian, had refused to allow police to search his room and possessions before the assault. He was hospitalized for five days and received medical treatment outside the country.
    (AP, 8/26/11)
2011        Aug 20, In Spain Pope Benedict XVI said he would confer one of the Catholic Church's highest honors on St. John of Avila, an influential 16th-century Spanish saint, making a surprise announcement during a Mass at the church's world youth festival. Pope John Paul II added St. Therese of Lisieux to the list in 1997, the last time one was proclaimed, making her #33.
    (AP, 8/20/11)
2011        Aug 20, Syrian security forces dead two people in the town of Rastan, near the provincial capital of Homs. Troops also wounded at least 8 people in Homs, where a general strike was under way to protest the crackdown and most of the city's markets were closed. A Syrian military official said an "armed, terrorist group" ambushed a military bus in Homs, killing two officers and wounding three others.
    (AP, 8/21/11)

2011        Aug 21, Northwestern University researchers reported that they found that the basis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a malfunctioning protein recycling system in the neurons of the brain and spinal cord.
    (http://tinyurl.com/3zne3yv)
2011        Aug 21, In El Cajon, San Diego County, Ca., Kevin Collier committed suicide after killing his baby daughter and mother-in-law. He wounded a police officer and torched his home before killing himself. His wife had filed for divorce days before.
    (SFC, 8/27/11, p.A4)
2011        Aug 21, In northern Indiana Arthur L. Anderson a 76-year-old Scout leader was stabbed to death while leading Boy Scouts on a hiking trip. Suspect Shane C. Golitko (22), who battered his mother and killed a dog near the trail, was arrested following an eight-mile police chase.
    (AP, 8/22/11)
2011        Aug 21, Afghan election officials said that nine parliamentarians should be removed from their posts because of election fraud allegations, an attempt to put an end to a nearly yearlong state of limbo in the legislature. 3 government officials were gunned down, 2 in Helmand province and one in Kandahar city. A district education director and two tribal leaders were shot and killed by Taliban militants in Paktika province's Omany district. Two Afghan civilians were killed in Paktika’s Yahyakhail district when their motorbike hit a roadside bomb. Villagers in Helmand province stoned to death a Taliban commander and his bodyguard after they killed a local man (60) accused of aiding the government.
    (AP, 8/21/11)(SFC, 8/23/11, p.A3)
2011        Aug 21, In Cape Verde, one of Africa's most stable and prosperous nations, liberal opposition candidate Jorge Carlos Fonseca unseated the party which held the presidency for a decade. Fonseca, a former foreign minister, won 54.90 percent of the vote, besting his socialist rival Manuel Inocencio Sousa, who garnered 45.91 percent of the vote.
    (AFP, 8/22/11)
2011        Aug 21, An Indian government report said hundreds of unmarked graves in Kashmir hold more than 2,000 bullet-riddled bodies that may include innocent victims, despite police claims that they were militants fighting Indian rule in the disputed Himalayan territory.
    (AP, 8/21/11)
2011        Aug 21, In Libya large anti-regime protests erupted in several Tripoli neighborhoods where thousands braved the bullets of snipers perched atop high buildings. At the same time, hundreds of rebel forces advanced to within 15 miles west of the capital and were rushing forward in pickup trucks and on foot. Rebels swarmed into Tripoli late in the day and  restored the country’s internet connection.
    (AP, 8/21/11)(AP, 8/22/11)(Econ, 8/27/11, p.11)
2011        Aug 21, In Nigeria three Christians died in an overnight attack on the village of Kwi in troubled Plateau state. At least 4 people died in floods in the northeast town of Kari. Some 1,800 people were displaced by the floods. Another house collapse in Kano killed six more people. Nigerian officers arrested Babagana Ismail Kwaljima and Babagan Mali, two men tied to Boko Haram. They were planning an attack that took place on August 26. A 3rd suspect, Mamman Nur, remained at large.
    (AP, 8/21/11)(AP, 8/22/11)(SFC, 9/1/11, p.A2)
2011        Aug 21, In Pakistan militants carried out a series of attacks against soldiers in the rugged tribal region along the Afghan border, killing two troops and wounding more than a dozen others.
    (AP, 8/21/11)
2011        Aug 21, Palestinian militants in the Hamas-ruled Gaza Strip bombarded southern Israel with rockets and mortars and Israel hit back with an airstrike. Israeli troops also rounded up 50 Hamas activists in the West Bank in a sweeping overnight raid. Gaza militants agreed to a cease-fire with Israel to stop three days of violence.
    (AP, 8/21/11)
2011        Aug 21, In the central Philippines the steel-hulled inter-island ferry, M/V Island Fastcraft 1, with at least 75 people caught fire then sank amid stormy weather, leaving 3 people dead, one missing while the rest were rescued.
    (AP, 8/21/11)
2011        Aug 21, In Poland two small planes have crashed within half an hour of each other in separate accidents in the southern part of the country, killing six people.
    (AP, 8/21/11)
2011        Aug 21, In Spain Pope Benedict XVI urged more than 1.5 million young people to become missionaries for the faith as he concluded a glitch-marred church youth festival and announced that the next edition will be in Rio de Janeiro in 2013.
    (AP, 8/21/11)
2011        Aug 21, Syria’s Pres. Assad promised imminent reforms, including parliamentary elections by February. The opposition rejected his remarks. Pro-regime gunmen fired their guns in celebration after Assad's appearance, killing two people overnight.
    (AP, 8/22/11)
2011        Aug 21, Trinidad President George Maxwell Richards issued the state of emergency decree following a spike in violent crime that saw 11 murders in 48 hours. Dusk to dawn curfews were imposed.
    (AP, 8/24/11)
2011        Aug 21, Turkish airstrikes on suspected rebel targets in northern Iraq killed seven Iraqi civilians, including five children and a woman, in an attack on Kortak mountain. Police used tear gas and pepper spray to disperse Kurdish protesters who tried to march to a main square in Istanbul to denounce the Turkish raids. In demonstrators marched to protest the PKK.
    (AP, 8/21/11)
2011        Aug 21, Vietnamese police swooped in and crushed an anti-China rally, arresting dozens of protesters who refused to stop chanting and forcing them onto two buses that were driven away.
    (AP, 8/21/11)
2011        Aug 21, In southern Yemen a pair of suicide bombings targeting anti-al-Qaida tribesmen killed 11 people in Abyan province.
    (AP, 8/21/11)

2011        Aug 22, San Francisco police and BART authorities arrested 45 people in connection with protests and demonstrations at Civic Center over the July 3 killing of knife-wielding man and a wireless blackout on August 11. The Civic Center and Powell stations were closed 4 times during the afternoon commute hours.
    (SFC, 8/23/11, p.A1)
2011        Aug 22, The Cherokee nation, the USA’s second-largest Indian tribe, formally booted from membership thousands of descendants of black slaves who were brought to Oklahoma more than 170 years ago by Native American owners.
    (Reuters, 8/23/11)
2011        Aug 22, Motown composer Nick Ashford (69) died in NYC. He and wife Valerie Simpson had written some of Motown’s biggest hits including “Ain’t No Mountain High Enough" and “Reach Out and Touch Somebody’s Hand."
    (SFC, 8/23/11, p.A8)
2011        Aug 22, Jerry Lieber (b.1933), songwriting partner of Mike Stoller, died in Los Angeles. His lyrics included such songs as “Hound Dog," “Love Potion No. 9," “Charlie Brown," “Down in Mexico," and “Kansas City."
    (SFC, 8/24/11, p.C4)
2011        Aug 22, Samuel Menashe (85), New York City poet, died.
    (Econ, 9/3/11, p.87)
2011        Aug 22, In southern Afghanistan a bomb hidden in a scrap metal shop blew up in a market, killing two civilians in Helmand province. An Australian soldier was killed by an improvised explosive device while on patrol in Uruzgan province with members of the Afghan National Army.
    (AP, 8/22/11)
2011        Aug 22, Bosses at Australia's BlueScope steel were attacked for pocketing "obscene" bonuses worth Aus$3.0 million (US$3.1 million), after they sacked 1,000 workers and abandoned their export business.
    (AFP, 8/22/11)
2011        Aug 22, John Howard Davies (72), a BAFTA award winning comedy director, died in Oxfordshire. He produced TV comedy classics including "Fawlty Towers" and the "Good Life." He won his first BAFTA for best director for the first series of "Monty Python's Flying Circus."
    (AFP, 8/23/11)
2011        Aug 22, In Canada Jack Layton (61), the charismatic leader of the New Democratic Party, died of prostate cancer just months after guiding his party to its strongest ever performance in the May federal election.
    (Reuters, 8/22/11)
2011        Aug 22, Liu Qi, China’s party secretary for Beijing, told Internet companies to tighten control over material online as Beijing cracks down on dissent and tries to block the rise of Middle East-style protests. He issued the warning following a visit to Sina Corp., which operates a popular microblogging site.
    (AP, 8/24/11)
2011        Aug 22, Cuba succeeded North Korea as chair of the world's main forum against nuclear arms that has been stalemated since it wrote the nuclear test ban treaty in 1996. The leadership role rotates through the body's members alphabetically (in French).
    (AP, 8/23/11)
2011        Aug 22, In Hong Kong hearings arguments began in a case where Evangeline Banao Vallejos, a Filipino woman, challenged a legal provision denying permanent residency to the hundreds of thousands of foreign maids in a landmark court case that sees them fighting for equal treatment with the city's other foreign residents.
    (AP, 8/22/11)
2011        Aug 22, In northern India a flatbed trailer carrying pilgrims to a Hindu temple overturned and fell into a roadside pond, killing at least 40 people in Uttar Pradesh state.
    (AP, 8/22/11)
2011        Aug 22, Libyan rebels claimed to be in control of most of Tripoli after their lightning advance heralded the fall of Moammar Gadhafi's nearly 42-year regime. Scattered battles erupted, and the mercurial leader's whereabouts remained unknown. NATO said it will continue its combat air patrols over Libya until all pro-Gadhafi forces surrender or return to barracks.
    (AP, 8/22/11)
2011        Aug 22, Royal Dutch shell said sabotage in Nigeria has led to six oil spills from one Shell pipeline since the start of the month, while damage to another line has caused a temporary production halt.
    (AFP, 8/22/11)
2011        Aug 22, North Korea vowed to scrap all South Korean property at a joint mountain resort could end what was once a rare haven for curious southern tourists within North Korea. The South immediately expressed regret about the North's comments on Diamond Mountain and planned to seek international mediation.
    (AP, 8/22/11)
2011        Aug 22, In Pakistan gunmen killed four people in Karachi, taking the death toll to 18 in two days. At least 85 people have been killed in Karachi in the past week. A suspected US missile strike killed 4 alleged insurgents in North Waziristan.
    (AP, 8/22/11)(SFC, 8/23/11, p.A2)
2011        Aug 22, Atiyah abd al-Rahman, the Al-Qaeda second-in-command, was reportedly killed in the northwest tribal area of Waziristan. A senior US official announced his death on Aug 27. Pakistani security officials expressed doubt over the report.
    (AFP, 8/28/11)
2011        Aug 22, Palestinian militants in the Hamas-ruled Gaza Strip fired rockets and mortar shells into southern Israel, despite an unofficial truce meant to defuse days of escalating violence.
    (AP, 8/22/11)
2011        Aug 22, In Puerto Rico Hurricane Irene, the first hurricane of the Atlantic storm season, cut power to more than a million people, downing trees and flooding streets, before heading out over warm ocean water on a path that could take it to the US mainland by the end of the week.
    (AP, 8/22/11)
2011        Aug 22, Russian military officers flew to North Korea for talks about renewing military ties as North Korean leader Kim Jong Il's armored train rolled through the resource-rich far east of Russia on his secretive journey to a summit with President Dmitry Medvedev.
    (AP, 8/22/11)
2011        Aug 22, An International Monetary Fund delegation began a two-week visit to cash-strapped Swaziland to see if the country is doing enough to win the fund's blessing to secure foreign loans.
    (AFP, 8/22/11)
2011        Aug 22, Syria's state-run news agency said Assad formed a committee to pave the way for the formation of political groups other than his Baath party, which has held a monopoly in Syria for decades. Thousands of anti-government protesters took to the streets across the country after a televised appearance by President Bashar Assad, shouting for him to step down and chanting "Gadhafi is gone, now it's your turn Bashar!" Syrian security forces killed at least 7 people in Homs soon after a UN humanitarian assessment team left the area because the security situation was deteriorating.
    (AP, 8/22/11)(AP, 8/23/11)
2011        Aug 22, A UN human rights expert said Arab nations have agreed to demand that Syria allow an international probe within its borders to see whether crimes against humanity have been committed. UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon criticized Assad for failing to halt a military crackdown.
    (AP, 8/22/11)(AP, 8/23/11)
2011        Aug 22, In Yemen 6 suspected Al-Qaeda gunmen were killed in the southern province of Abyan in an air raid by government forces.
    (AFP, 8/23/11)

2011        Aug 23, The most powerful earthquake to strike the East Coast in 67 years shook buildings and rattled nerves from South Carolina to Maine. Frightened office workers spilled into the streets in New York, and parts of the White House, Capitol and Pentagon were evacuated. The magnitude 5.8 earthquake and was centered 40 miles northwest of Richmond, Va. The Washington Monument obelisk closed indefinitely due to earthquake damage.
    (AP, 8/23/11)(SFC, 9/27/11, p.A7)
2011        Aug 23, A NYC judge ordered the dismissal of all sexual assault charges against former IMF chief Dominique Strauss-Kahn. The order was stayed until an appellate court decides whether a special prosecutor should be appointed. The judge cited credibility issues with Nafisssatou Diallo (33), the hotel housekeeper who had filed the initial charges.
    (SFC, 8/24/11, p.A5)
2011        Aug 23, In Afghanistan two gunmen on a motorcycle fired at a member of the Nawa district council in Lashkar Gah, the provincial capital of Helmand province. The councilman was rushed to a hospital but died of his wounds. 2 Afghan policemen died when their vehicle hit a roadside mine in Chimtal district of Balkh province.
    (AP, 8/24/11)
2011        Aug 23, In China at least 15 people were killed when a blaze ripped through a dormitory building belonging to a ceramics factory in the Shengfeng Ceramics Factory in Foshan city.
    (AFP, 8/23/11)
2011        Aug 23, In China 15 people were hurt and cars were damaged after more than 30 relatives of a patient who died at the hospital in Jiangxi province forced their way inside the building. Patient Fan Runyin was admitted to the hospital on August 19 after suffering a brain hemorrhage. Relatives said he died on the operating table.
    (AFP, 8/25/11)
2011        Aug 23, German police said 11 more cars were burned overnight in Berlin, the latest in a string of attacks that have seen more-than 300 cars damaged since the beginning of the year. 401 cars were torched in 2009 and 250 in 2010.
    (AP, 8/23/11)(Econ, 8/27/11, p.45)
2011        Aug 23, The Indian government opened talks with aides to fasting anti-graft activist Anna Hazare, as Premier Manmohan Singh offered concessions to persuade the 74-year-old to end his hunger strike.
    (AFP, 8/23/11)
2011        Aug 23, Liberia's first constitutional referendum in 25 years was marred by error after the National Election Commission said it had distributed defective ballot papers. It failed to achieve the required two-thirds of votes cast in a poll in which only 34 percent of registered voters showed up and many ballots were invalid.
    (AP, 8/23/11)(AFP, 9/1/11)
2011        Aug 23, In Libya fierce fighting erupted around Moammar Gadhafi's main military compound in Tripoli, hours after the Libyan leader's son and heir apparent turned up free to thwart Libyan rebel claims he had been captured and rally supporters. 64 NATO airstrikes turned the Bab al-Azizya military compound to rubble. A representative from Sirte on the rebels' National Transitional Council said that the situation in the city was extremely volatile because Gadhafi brigades had retreated to the city after fleeing the Brega oil terminal. Loyalist guards in Tripoli opened fired at some 130 civilian detainees in a lockup, a hangar, and fired again when prisoners tried to flee.
    (AP, 8/23/11)(AP, 8/28/11)
2011        Aug 23, In Mexico gunmen hung a man from a pedestrian bridge over a busy avenue in the city of Monterrey and shot him to death in front of dozens of motorists. In Acapulco two teenage boys of about 15 years of age were shot to death by unidentified assailants. Police also found a man's dismembered body in a car in another Acapulco neighborhood.
    (AP, 8/23/11)
2011        Aug 23, In northern Nigeria the flood-related death toll rose to 15 as a river in the town of Numan overflowed during a five-hour rainstorm.
    (AP, 8/24/11)
2011        Aug 23, Pakistani politicians, industrialists and citizens stepped up calls for the army to intervene to quell violence destabilizing Karachi, where more than 100 have been killed in a week.
    (AFP, 8/23/11)
2011        Aug 23, The Philippines' largest Muslim rebel group, Moro Islamic Liberation Front, rejected a government proposal for autonomy in the country's south as inadequate but said they will continue talks.
    (AP, 8/23/11)
2011        Aug 23, Russian investigators arrested Lt. Col. Dmitry Pavlyuchenkov, a retired police officer, on suspicion of organizing the 2006 killing of journalist Anna Politkovskaya, who was gunned down in the elevator of her Moscow apartment building.
    (AP, 8/23/11)
2011        Aug 23, In southern Russia an explosion of old ammunition at the Ashuluk military base in the Astrakhan region killed six soldiers and wounded 12.
    (AP, 8/23/11)
2011        Aug 23, Thousands of Somalis attended a rally to celebrate the withdrawal of Islamist rebels from bases in Mogadishu, Al-Shabab militants executed two men and a 16-year-old boy by firing squad after accusing them of spying in a de facto court.
    (AP, 8/23/11)(AP, 8/26/11)
2011        Aug 23, In South Africa a new study on the country’s renowned wine and fruit farms said workers face unfit housing and exposure to pesticides and are blocked from forming labor unions. Industry groups criticized HRW's research methods, accusing the organization of bias.
    (AFP, 8/23/11)
2011        Aug 23, Sri Lanka police carried out mass arrests in the northern Jaffna region after residents clashed with troops alleged to have protected so-called "grease devil" sex offenders.
    (AP, 8/23/11)
2011        Aug 23, Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir declared a two-week ceasefire in South Kordofan state which has been rocked since June by violent clashes between the Sudanese army and Nuba rebels.
    (AFP, 8/23/11)
2011        Aug 23, Swaziland King Mswati III asked his Cabinet for a $57 million cut from a rescue loan South Africa has extended to his country in exchange for his efforts to secure the funds. While the national budget faced drastic cuts, the king's budget was boosted in March from $24 million to $30 million.
    (AFP, 8/27/11)
2011        Aug 23, The Geneva-based Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria said it is lifting the freeze on funding to China to ensure AIDS work in the country continues while it works with government officials, representatives from United Nations' agencies and private groups to resolve the dispute.
    (AP, 8/23/11)
2011        Aug 23, Turkey's military said air strikes on suspected Kurdish rebel targets in northern Iraq this week have killed an estimated 90 to 100 guerrillas and warned that it would press ahead with offensives against the group both inside Turkey and across the border.
    (AP, 8/23/11)
2011        Aug 23, The UN's top human rights body voted overwhelmingly to demand that Syria end its crackdown and cooperate with an international probe into possible crimes against humanity. The opposition took steps toward forming a national council, but serious divisions and mistrust among the members have prevented them from presenting a unified front against Assad's regime.
    (AP, 8/23/11)(AP, 8/24/11)
2011        Aug 23, In Venezuela a judge ordered a weekly newspaper strongly critical of President Hugo Chavez and his allies to temporarily stop publishing while prosecutors proceed with slander charges against its director. Dinorah Giron, director of Sexto Poder, was accused of committing the crimes by allowing the Aug. 20 publication of photo montage that ridiculed several female public officials by likening them to cabaret dancers.
    (AP, 8/23/11)
2011        Aug 23, In Yemen the body of a suspected suicide bomber was torn into pieces when a booby-trapped motorbike he was riding exploded in Lawder.
    (AFP, 8/23/11)

2011        Aug 24, Philip Baker (46), former managing director of the collapsed Chicago hedge fund Lake Shore Asset Management Ltd, pleaded guilty for his role in what prosecutors called a $291.8 million worldwide fraud. The Commodity Futures Trading Commission won a court order in August 2007 freezing Lake Shore's assets and a receiver was appointed that October. More than $100 million has been returned to investors so far.
    (Reuters, 8/24/11)
2011        Aug 24, Silicon Valley legend Steve Jobs resigned as chief executive of Apple Inc in a stunning move that ended his 14-year reign at the technology giant he co-founded in a garage.
    (Reuters, 8/24/11)
2011        Aug 24, Astrophysicist Peter Nugent of the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory discovered a supernova in the Pinwheel Galaxy, a neighbor of the Milky Way. The event dating back 21 million years was identified as a type 1a supernova and named SN2011FE.
    (SFC, 9/5/11, p.A7)
2011        Aug 24, In southern Afghanistan a NATO service member was killed in an insurgent attack. Four rockets fell in Zurmat district of Paktia province. One rocket hit a vegetable market and killed three civilians and wounded eight others.
    (AP, 8/24/11)
2011        Aug 24, In eastern Australia an overnight house fire killed 11 people, including eight children, from two families in Logan City, Queensland state.
    (AP, 8/24/11)
2011        Aug 24, Hurricane Irene roared across the Bahamas archipelago, pummeling the country's smaller, less-populated islands. Property damage appeared likely to be extensive on Acklins and Crooked islands, in the southern part of the chain. PM Hubert Ingraham said the country was bracing for extensive damage to buildings and infrastructure.
    (AP, 8/25/11)
2011        Aug 24, El Salvador's Supreme Court refused to order the detention of nine former military officers indicted in Spain for the 1989 slayings of six Jesuit priests during the Central American country's 1980-1992 civil war. Another ex-Salvadoran military officer charged in the case was freed on bail while facing an immigration charge in Boston.
    (AP, 8/24/11)
2011        Aug 24, Greece’s parliament approved new legislation to reform its universities.
    (Econ, 9/3/11, p.52)
2011        Aug 24, Indian lawmakers agreed after frantic talks to discuss a stringent anti-corruption law proposed by a reform activist whose eight-day fast demanding the legislation has drawn burgeoning support and tested the scandal-tainted government. Anna Hazare's fast has drawn tens of thousands of supporters to a round-the-clock protest rally in the heart of the capital. Four lawmakers were charged for their role in an alleged cash-for-votes scandal during a crucial confidence vote the ruling Congress party faced in 2008.
    (AP, 8/24/11)
2011        Aug 24, Across Iraq 12 people, among them six policemen, were killed and 14 others wounded in a series of attacks.
    (AFP, 8/24/11)
2011        Aug 24, Israeli aircraft killed a militant from Gaza's Islamic Jihad faction before dawn. They later targeted two militants who had fired two mortars at Israel shortly before. Israeli air strikes on Gaza killed 4 people Palestinians including 2 Islamic Jihad militants.
    (AP, 8/24/11)(AFP, 8/25/11)
2011        Aug 24, Japan's government unveiled a $100 billion loans program to ease the strains of a strong yen and encourage companies to turn adversity into opportunity.
    (AP, 8/24/11)
2011        Aug 24, In Libya pro-regime snipers cut off the road to Tripoli's airport, fired at motorists near the capital's port and launched repeated attacks on Moammar Gadhafi's government compound, stormed by thousands of rebels a day earlier. Dozens of foreign journalists were released at the Rixos Hotel in Tripoli. Rebels offered a $2 million bounty for Gadhafi.
    (AP, 8/24/11)(SFC, 8/25/11, p.A3)
2011        Aug 24, Mexican officials said that civil, tax and administrative cases will be processed through a state website. Officials expected everything from filings to rulings to be done electronically.
    (AP, 8/24/11)
2011        Aug 24, In Mexico gunmen attacked a group of parents waiting for their children outside an elementary school, killing one man and wounding five other people in a dangerous part of the border city of Ciudad Juarez.
    (AP, 8/24/11)
2011        Aug 24, Nepal's Pres. Rambaran Yadav ordered parliament to vote for a new prime minister after the main political parties failed to agree on a coalition government.
    (AP, 8/24/11)
2011        Aug 24, In Nicaragua Catholic priest Marlon de Jesus Garcia was laid to rest. His body was found earlier this week in La Concepcion, a city south of Managua. Police said he died of asphyxiation and were treating the investigation as a homicide case. The priest was a critic of the government.
    (AP, 8/24/11)
2011        Aug 24, North Korean leader Kim Jong Il met with Russian President Dmitry Medvedev near Lake Baikal. A spokesman for Medvedev said North Korea is ready to impose a moratorium on nuclear missile tests if international talks on its nuclear program resume.
    (AP, 8/24/11)
2011        Aug 24, In northwestern Pakistan flash floods triggered by heavy monsoon rains swept through a village in the remote Kundian Valley, killing 16 people and leaving several missing.
    (AP, 8/25/11)
2011        Aug 24, A Russian unmanned supply spaceship, launched from the Baikonur cosmodrome in Kazakhstan, crashed and exploded in a forested area in Siberia. It was the 44th launch of a Progress supply ship to the int’l. space station, and the first failure in the nearly 13-year life of the complex.
    (AP, 8/25/11)
2011        Aug 24, South Korean President Lee Myung-bak wrapped up a two-day state visit to Uzbekistan that was crowned by an agreement to develop a major gas field and build a chemicals plant in the country, energy deals worth a total of around $4.1 billion.
    (AP, 8/24/11)
2011        Aug 24, Syrian activists said tanks stormed Deir el-Zour and made sweeping arrests there as the regime faced international threats of an arms embargo and new sanctions.
    (AP, 8/24/11)
2011        Aug 24, One of Taiwan's best regarded hospitals mistakenly transplanted HIV-infected organs into five patients after a hospital staffer misheard the donor's test results by telephone.
    (AP, 8/29/11)
2011        Aug 24, Youths torched a bar on Tanzania's Zanzibar archipelago in a reported protest against alcohol sales, the third bar attacked this month on the popular tourist island.
    (AFP, 8/25/11)
2011        Aug 24, Trinidad police said more than 140 people have been arrested on the Caribbean island during a crackdown on gangs amid a state of emergency declared by the national government.
    (AP, 8/24/11)
2011        Aug 24, In Ukraine over 5,000 opposition activists rallied on the 20th anniversary of Ukraine's independence from the Soviet Union, protesting the arrest of former PM Yulia Tymoshenko and demanding early elections.
    (AP, 8/24/11)
2011        Aug 24, In Yemen military and medical officials said airstrikes have killed 30 suspected al-Qaida-linked militants near Zinjibar, Abyan province. 8 soldiers died in clashes in the area.
    (AP, 8/24/11)

2011        Aug 25, It was reported that Warren Buffett's Berkshire Hathaway will invest $5 billion in Bank of America, stepping in to shore up the company in the same way he helped prop up Goldman Sachs during the financial crisis.
    (Reuters, 8/25/11)
2011        Aug 25, In Afghanistan a coalition service member was killed in an insurgent attack, raising to four the number of foreign troops killed. The US-led coalition said the three other troopers were killed in two separate roadside bomb explosions.
    (AP, 8/26/11)
2011        Aug 25, African Union leaders pledged nearly $380 million to help famine-hit families in the Horn of Africa during a donor conference in Ethiopia.
    (AP, 8/25/11)
2011        Aug 25, Human Rights Watch called for Angola to stop forced evictions as the southern city of Lubango threatened to demolish 750 families' houses to make way for a new road.
    (AP, 8/25/11)
2011        Aug 25, Austrian officials said they are investigating allegations that a man locked up his two mentally disabled daughters in a small room in their home, sexually abused them for 41 years. The women have accused the 80-year-old of repeatedly raping them between 1970 and May 2011. The alleged victims are now 53 and 45 years old. The Austrian man, held for around two weeks on suspicion that he regularly raped his daughters for 41 years, was freed on Sep 9 after the two women changed their story.
    (AP, 8/25/11)(AP, 9/9/11)
2011        Aug 25, In Brazil a leader of landless workers was shot to death while riding his bike in Barbosa, Para state. Valdemar Oliveira Barbosa was the fourth person murdered in Para since May who was involved in environmental or land rights movements. Catholic Land Pastoral said more than 1,150 rural activists have been killed in Brazil over the past 20 years.
    (AP, 8/25/11)
2011        Aug 25, Brazilian scientists reported that a huge underground river appears to flow thousands of feet beneath the Amazon River, and that it was about the same length as the 3,700 mile long Amazon.
    (SFC, 8/26/11, p.A2)
2011        Aug 25, Chile's capital was wracked overnight by looting, attacks on police and the burning of cars and barricades as union members, students and government workers waged a 2-day nationwide strike for changes in government policies. Tens of thousands of Chileans marched peacefully demanding profound changes in the country's heavily centralized and privatized form of government, while smaller groups broke away to fight with police. Some 1,394 people were arrested and dozens injured.
    (AP, 8/25/11)(SSFC, 8/28/11, p.A4)
2011        Aug 25, Greece declared a state of emergency as wildfires  in the northeast burned out of control for a 2nd straight day.
    (SFC, 8/26/11, p.A2)
2011        Aug 25, In Indian-administered Kashmir rebels threw grenades at paramilitary soldiers in two areas, killing two people and wounding 11 others.
    (AP, 8/25/11)
2011        Aug 25, In Indonesia Aceh Gov. Irwandi Yusuf (51) agreed to give PT Kallista Alam, a palm oil company, a  permit to convert 4,000 acres of peat swamp forest. The land was in the heart of the renowned Leuser Ecosystem already identified as off limits under a presidential moratorium enacted in May.
    (SSFC, 12/11/11, p.A22)
2011        Aug 25, Israeli air strikes on Gaza killed 2 Palestinians. Over the last 24 hour period, Gaza militants fired 19 rockets and mortars into southern Israel, lightly injuring an infant.
    (AFP, 8/25/11)
2011        Aug 25, Libyan rebels battled forces loyal to Moammar Gadhafi on the streets of Tripoli.  European officials confirmed that small numbers of British, French and other special forces have been working inside Libya in recent months. It was reported that the bullet-riddled bodies of over 30 pro-Khadafy fighters were found at a military encampment in central Tripoli. 
    (AP, 8/25/11)(SFC, 8/27/11, p.A2)
2011        Aug 25, In Mexico a group of at least eight assailants, believed to be connected to a drug cartel, spread gasoline inside the Casino Royale and set the building on fire, trapping dozens of people inside. The fire killed 52 people in the Monterrey casino. The body of Humberto Millan Salazar (53), an online newspaper journalist, was found in a farm building outside the city of Culiacan, Sinaloa state, with a gunshot wound in the face. He had been kidnapped a day earlier. In 2012 seven men were sentenced to 75-100 years for their roles in the fire.
    (AP, 8/26/11)(AP, 8/25/11)(SFC, 12/15/12, p.A2)
2011        Aug 25, In Nigeria the Boko Haram radical Muslim sect, blamed for attacks across the northeast, attacked two police stations and robbed two banks, killing 16 people in an assault highlighting the group's escalating willingness to shed blood.
    (AFP, 8/25/11)
2011        Aug 25, Pakistan officials said an American surveillance drone has crashed in the southwest near a paramilitary base close to the Afghan border.
    (AP, 8/25/11)
2011        Aug 25, South Korea prosecutors said 5 South Koreans, including a former parliamentary aide, have been indicted for allegedly spying for North Korea.
    (AP, 8/25/11)
2011        Aug 25, Sri Lanka's Pres. Mahinda Rajapaksa announced plans to lift wartime emergency laws that have curbed civil and political liberties for most of the past 30 years.
    (AP, 8/25/11)   
2011        Aug 25, Masked gunmen dragged Ali Ferzat (60), Syria's best-known political cartoonist, from his car before dawn, beat him severely and broke both his hands as a warning to stop drawing just days after he compared Syria's president to Moammar Gadhafi.
    (AP, 8/25/11)
2011        Aug 25, A Yemeni military airstrike killed 8 suspected Al-Qaida militants including a group leader in the south of the country.
    (SFC, 8/26/11, p.A2)

2011        Aug 26, Former Delaware pediatrician Earl Bradley (58) was sentenced 14 life sentences without parole for committing horrific acts of sexual abuse against scores of young patients over more than a decade.
    (AP, 8/26/11)
2011        Aug 26, In Missouri a medical helicopter crashed in Mosby killing a female patient, a pilot and two medical workers.
    (SSFC, 8/28/11, p.A10)
2011        Aug 26, Abkhazia, once dubbed the Soviet Riviera, held elections for a new president, with three veterans of the early 1990s separatist war against Georgia vying for the post. Candidates Vice President Alexander Ankvab (59), PM Sergei Shamba (60) and opposition leader Raul Khadjimba (53) fiercely rejected reunification with Georgia. Alexander Ankvab obtained 55 percent of the vote.
    (AP, 8/26/11)(AP, 8/27/11)
2011        Aug 26, In northwest Afghanistan a bomb exploded at an outdoor mosque, killing four worshippers in Faryab province. In western Herat a bomb placed on a small cart exploded, killing an Afghan woman and wounding seven other civilians. A NATO airstrike reportedly killed six civilians, including four women, in Logar province.
    (AP, 8/26/11)(AP, 8/27/11)
2011        Aug 26, In Algeria a bomb explosion followed by a suicide attack outside a military academy killed 16 officers in training and 2 civilians in Cherchell. Two Syrian officers were among 18 people killed in the twin suicide bombing. Al-Qaida in the Islamic Maghreb soon claimed responsibility.
    (AP, 8/26/11)(AFP, 8/28/11)(SFC, 8/29/11, p.A2)
2011        Aug 26, In Britain the makers of painkiller Nurofen Plus recalled the tablets after anti-psychotic and epilepsy drugs were found to have been placed in packets in acts of suspected sabotage.
    (AP, 8/27/11)
2011        Aug 26, Cameroon authorities charged four people aged 17 to 46 with homosexuality and remanded them in custody. Homosexuality is outlawed in Cameroon and those arrested risk five years in prison.
    (AFP, 8/27/11)
2011        Aug 26, Chilean President Sebastian Pinera agreed to negotiate with students and teachers demanding more state funding for education and profound changes in government.
    (AP, 8/26/11)
2011        Aug 26, A Chilean official commission posted its final report online naming each additional victim that Chile recognizes as being killed, tortured or imprisoned for political reasons by the dictatorship of Gen. Augusto Pinochet. The addition of 30 slayings raises the death toll to 3,095, and the total victim list stands at 40,048.
    (AP, 8/26/11)
2011        Aug 26, Haitian notary Emile Giordani was snatched while driving his BMW on a sidestreet near downtown Port-au-Prince. Passers-by found his body the next morning dumped on a hilly road in the Canape Vert neighborhood of the capital.
    (AP, 8/27/11)(AP, 8/31/11)
2011        Aug 26, Israel said it is allowing Jewish settlers to expand a building in Hebron, one of the West Bank's most volatile cities. Hebron is holy to Muslims and Jews. Today, more than 600 Jews live there in fortified enclaves amid 170,000 Palestinians. Gaza militants called their second truce in less than five days in an attempt to keep more than a week of hostilities with Israel from escalating.
    (AP, 8/26/11)
2011        Aug 26, Japanese PM Naoto Kan announced he would resign after almost 15 months in office amid plunging approval ratings over his government's handling of the tsunami disaster and nuclear crisis. He would officially quit as prime minister after the ruling party votes on Aug 29 to pick a new leader, the country's sixth prime minister in five years.
    (AP, 8/26/11)
2011        Aug 26, Japan's nuclear agency said the amount of radioactive cesium that has leaked from a tsunami-hit nuclear plant is about equal to 168 of the atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima at the end of World War II.
    (AP, 8/26/11)
2011        Aug 26, In Libya British warplanes struck a large bunker in Moammar Gadhafi's hometown of Sirte, his largest remaining stronghold, as NATO turned its attention to loyalist forces battling advancing Libyan rebels in the area. The two main tribes in Sirte, the Gadhadhfa and the Urfali, remained loyal to the Libyan leader. About 80 decomposing bodies were found in an abandoned hospital in Tripoli.
    (AP, 8/26/11)(AFP, 8/26/11)
2011        Aug 26, Mali's most radical Tuareg rebel chief Ibrahim Ag Bahanga, who never agreed to disarm, died in an accident.
    (AFP, 8/27/11)
2011        Aug 26, In Mexico about 700 soldiers, federal police and Treasury Department agents began raiding casinos in Monterrey seizing slot machines and putting them in moving trucks. The tax agency said the continuing operation was meant to verify whether casinos had paid taxes or introduced slot machines illegally.
    (AP, 8/28/11)
2011        Aug 26, In Mexico 4 miners were killed in an explosion that caved in part of a coal mine in the northern Mexico border state of Coahuila.
    (AP, 8/25/11)
2011        Aug 26, In Nigeria a suicide bomber in car laden with explosives rammed through two gates and blew up at the UN offices in Abuja shattering part of the 4-story concrete structure. 23 people were killed and 116 wounded. The radical Muslim sect known locally as Boko Haram claimed responsibility for the attack. Two of the injured died later bringing the death toll to 25.
    (AP, 8/26/11)(AP, 8/27/11)(AP, 9/15/11)(AP, 12/28/11)
2011        Aug 26, North Korean leader Kim Jong Il renewed a push to restart talks on swapping aid for his country's nuclear disarmament during a stop in northeastern China on his return journey from Russia.
    (AP, 8/26/11)
2011        Aug 26, Senegal's army clashed with suspected rebels in the southern province of Casamance.
    (AFP, 8/26/11)
2011        Aug 26, It was reported that Somali Islamist rebels have beheaded at least 11 civilians in the capital in the past two weeks.
    (AP, 8/26/11)
2011        Aug 26, In South Korea Seoul mayor Oh Se-hoon's stepped down after losing a referendum on free school lunches for 50% of all schoolchildren. His resignation came two days after a citywide referendum that drew few of Seoul's 8 million eligible voters. The turnout of 25.7% didn't meet the legal requirement for counting ballots. The referendum's defeat means the 100% option takes effect.
    (AP, 8/26/11)
2011        Aug 26, Syrian security forces fired on tens of thousands of anti-government protesters, killing at least two people in Deir el-Zour more than five months into the country's uprising. Another person was killed when protesters emerged from a mosque in Daraa province.
    (AP, 8/26/11)(AFP, 8/26/11)
2011        Aug 26, The UN wildlife trade regulator said it was lifting its 2005 suspension on wildlife commerce with Nigeria, citing the country's improved efforts to combat illegal trade.
    (AFP, 8/26/11)
2011        Aug 26, It was reported that the Zimbabwe Electricity Regulatory Commission (ZERC) has increased electricity rates from 7.53 US cents to 9.83 US cents per kilowatt hour, effective next week, to help the regulator fund an expansion program that will boost electricity production.
    (AP, 8/26/11)

2011        Aug 27, Hurricane Irene knocked out power to nearly 250,000 customers in North Carolina and Virginia and a nuclear power station in the storm's path reduced power but remained undamaged.
    (Reuters, 8/27/11)
2011        Aug 27, In northern California Jere Melo, a Fort Bragg councilman, was shot and killed after he stumbled on a marijuana operation east of the city. Aaron Bassler was identified as the suspect in the shooting.
    (SFC, 8/29/11, p.C1)
2011        Aug 27, In Afghanistan a car bomb exploded outside a bank in Lashkar Gah, Helmand province, killing four people, including 3 children. Less than three hours later, two explosions hit Kandahar. The first blast, a car bomb outside the city's main hospital, wounded seven people. Soon after, a suicide car bomber blew up his vehicle near a police compound, killing 3 civilians and wounding more than 20 people. A NATO service member was killed in a roadside bombing in the south.
    (AP, 8/27/11)(AFP, 8/27/11)
2011        Aug 27, In Brazil a streetcar popular with tourists derailed in Rio de Janeiro and at least five people were killed.
    (AP, 8/28/11)
2011        Aug 27, Seven heavily armed assailants boarded the Cameroonian ship Monica with 150 people on board off the coast of Nigeria and took its captain hostage. The others on board were released unharmed.
    (AFP, 8/27/11)
2011        Aug 27, The Canadian Union of Public Employees, which represents 6,800 Air Canada flight attendants, said Air Canada flight attendants have rejected a tentative contract that union bargainers negotiated with the country's largest air carrier. The union has scheduled a strike vote for next month.
    (Reuters, 8/27/11)
2011        Aug 27, National carrier Egyptair resumed direct flights to Iraq after a break of 21 years.
    (AFP, 8/27/11)
2011        Aug 27, Indian hunger-striker Anna Hazare (74), who has led a huge public campaign against corruption, agreed to end his 12-day fast after forcing new concessions from lawmakers.
    (AFP, 8/27/11)
2011        Aug 27, Off eastern Indonesia a ferry sank off southern Sulawesi killing at least 12 people. 93 people were rescued, but others were feared trapped.
    (SSFC, 8/28/11, p.A6)
2011        Aug 27, In Iraq 24 people, all but one of them women and children, were killed when a bus caught fire after being hit by a car in the northern city of Kirkuk. 3 more people were killed in the car.
    (AFP, 8/27/11)(SSFC, 8/28/11, p.A6)
2011        Aug 27, Iran warned that a power vacuum in Damascus could spark an unprecedented regional crisis, as thousands of protesters insisted they will defy tanks and bullets until President Bashar Assad is toppled.
    (AP, 8/27/11)
2011        Aug 27, In Iran residents of Orumiyeh residents demonstrated against parliament’s refused in mid-August to fast-track a rescue plan to save Lake Orumiyeh, Iran’s largest lake. The drying lake, situated between East and West Azarbaijan provinces in the northwest, has lost more than half of its surface over the last two decades due to drought and the damming of rivers feeding it. The protest was repressed by force.
    (AFP, 9/3/11)
2011        Aug 27, Iran inaugurated a plant for producing carbon fiber, which it is banned from importing by international sanctions targeting dual-use materials.
    (AFP, 8/27/11)
2011        Aug 27, In Libya rebels claimed victory over the suburb of Qasr bin Ghashir, near Tripoli's airport, after an overnight battle. Egyptian news agency MENA reported from Tripoli that six armored Mercedes sedans have crossed the border at the southwestern Libyan town of Ghadamis into Algeria. Khamis Gaddafi and Abdullah al-Senussi were reportedly killed by a unit of the national liberation army during clashes in Tarhouna. Khamis had been reported dead twice before during the uprising.
    (AP, 8/27/11)(Reuters, 8/29/11)
2011        Aug 27, In Pakistan some 200 to 300 "terrorists" based in Afghanistan attacked seven paramilitary Frontier Corps checkposts in the northwestern district of Chitral. Pakistani military said 25 troops and 20 militants were reported killed in the cross-border raid. Local police said 38 soldiers and 9 militants were killed.
    (AFP, 8/27/11)(SSFC, 8/28/11, p.A8)
2011        Aug 27, In the Philippines a slow-moving typhoon made landfall, drenching most of the north and triggering landslides that killed five children and a man digging for gold. Super-typhoon Nanmadol killed at least 16 people and left flattened bridges and blocked roads in its wake as it moved away from the Philippines and churned towards Taiwan.
    (AP, 8/27/11)(AP, 8/28/11)(AFP, 8/29/11)
2011        Aug 27, Singapore held its first contested presidential election in nearly two decades. The election was emerging as a two-way fight between Tony Tan (71), widely perceived as the government's candidate, and former legislator and ex-PAP member Tan Cheng Bock, a medical doctor. Former deputy prime minister Tony Tan was elected president with a margin of just 7,269 votes out of 2.1 million ballots cast.
    (AFP, 8/27/11)(AFP, 8/28/11)
2011        Aug 27, Singapore held its first contested presidential election in nearly two decades. The election was emerging as a two-way fight between Tony Tan (71), widely perceived as the government's candidate, and former legislator and ex-PAP member Tan Cheng Bock, a medical doctor.
    (AFP, 8/27/11)
2011        Aug 27, Syrian security forces fanned out in flashpoint cities nationwide to crush protests against President Bashar Assad.
    (AP, 8/27/11)
2011        Aug 27, Turkey’s government published a decree for returning assets that once belonged to Greek, Armenian or Jewish trusts. It made provisions for the government to pay compensation for any confiscated property that has since been sold on.
    (AP, 8/28/11)

2011        Aug 28, Seawater surged into the streets of Manhattan as Tropical Storm Irene slammed into New York, downgraded from a hurricane but still unleashing furious wind and rain. The flooding threatened Wall Street and the heart of the global financial network. At least 16 people were reported killed in 6 states: 5 in North Carolina, 4 in Virginia, 3 in New Jersey, 2 in Florida and one each in Maryland and Connecticut.
    (AP, 8/28/11)(SFC, 8/29/11, p.A10)
2011        Aug 28, In Pennsylvania Leonard John Egland (37) of Fort Lee, Va., an Army officer suspected of killing four people in Pennsylvania and Virginia, was found dead in Bucks County. He had fired a semiautomatic rifle at SWAT team members who discovered his truck and found him before dawn in a trash bin. Officers earlier in the day had found the bodies of Egland's ex-wife, her boyfriend and his child. His former mother-in-law, Barbara Reuhl (66) of Buckingham, was believed to have been killed the previous night.
    (AP, 8/28/11)
2011        Aug 28, In southern Afghanistan 4 Taliban suicide attackers struck at a US-led NATO reconstruction team in Qalat, Zabul province. One suicide attacker was arrested with a rocket launcher and AK-47, another suicide attacker was arrested wounded, a third one ran away. A government health worker and his driver were killed in a roadside bomb blast in the north. Two NATO service members were killed, one in an insurgent attack and the other in a bomb blast.
    (AFP, 8/28/11)(AP, 8/28/11)
2011        Aug 28, British Police arrested a 28-year-old man on suspicion of attempted murder of two Metropolitan Police officers during the height of the London riots earlier in August.
    (AP, 8/28/11)
2011        Aug 28, Indian anti-corruption activist Anna Hazare (74) ended his 13-day hunger strike triggering wild celebrations among supporters after parliament agreed to consider his demands.
    (AFP, 8/28/11)
2011        Aug 28, In Iraq a pair of bombs killed 2 people and wounded 5 in Shiite Muslim areas of Baghdad. A suicide bomber killed 29 people at Baghdad's largest Sunni mosque. He had disguised himself as an injured beggar and attended prayers there for nearly a week.
    (AP, 8/28/11)(AP, 8/29/11)
2011        Aug 28, Nechirvan Barzani, deputy chief of the most powerful political party in Iraq's autonomous Kurdish region, called on separatist groups in the area to lay down their arms in an interview published.
    (AFP, 8/28/11)
2011        Aug 28, Libyan rebels rejected an offer by Moammar Gadhafi to negotiate and said they have captured the eastern town of Bin Jawwad, forcing regime loyalists to flee after days of fighting. A reporter found some 50 charred corpses in a makeshift lockup near a military base that had been run by the Khamis Brigade, an elite unit commanded by Gadhafi's son, Khamis.
    (AP, 8/28/11)
2011        Aug 28, Mexican police excavated a corn field in the at Almoloya de Juarez farming town not far from the capital and discover the decomposed bodies of five people. In Acapulco police found the decapitated body of a 25-year-old woman in the trunk of a sedan parked outside a home. Elsewhere in Acapulco three men were shot dead in two separate incidents and their bodies left in public view in residential neighborhoods.
    (AP, 8/28/11)
2011        Aug 28, In Nepal senior Maoist party leader Baburam Bhattarai was elected as prime minister in the latest attempt to form a stable government after extended political uncertainty.
    (AFP, 8/28/11)
2011        Aug 28, In northeast Nigeria gunmen stormed the home of Lawan Yaraye, chairman of Kukawa district in Borno state, and shot him dead.
    (AFP, 8/29/11)
2011        Aug 28, In Nigeria heavy rains that caused a dam to overflow in the southwest and led to houses being submerged killing 102 people and displaced thousands. Most of the victims were children who drowned in the city of Ibadan.
    (AP, 8/28/11)(AP, 8/29/11)(AFP, 8/31/11)
2011        Aug 28, In southwestern Pakistan Gunmen ambushed a passenger train, killing three people and wounding 16 others in Mach, Baluchistan province.
    (AFP, 8/28/11)
2011        Aug 28, In Rwanda the publisher of the fortnightly Ishema, Fidele Gakire, decided in consultation with his editorial committee, to suspend publication of the newspaper for one month, declaring that he is subject to serious threats over an article about Pres. Paul Kagame.
    (AFP, 8/31/11)
2011        Aug 28, Syrian authorities pursuing a crackdown against Pres. Assad's critics banned three prominent opposition figures from leaving the country, and security forces killed two people and arrested several others in northern Khan Sheikon village. Snipers shot dead one man in the Damascus suburb of Saqba overnight after troops deployed in the restive area. Assad endorsed a new media law that would restrict government censorship of local and foreign publications and end government control over the media.
    (AP, 8/28/11)
2011        Aug 28, Security sources said hundreds of armed Tuaregs from Mali and Niger who fought for toppled Libyan leader Moamer Kadhafi have started to return to their home nations.
    (AFP, 8/28/11)

2011        Aug 29, A US federal judge blocked enforcement of Alabama’s new law cracking down on illegal immigration.
    (SFC, 8/30/11, p.A6)
2011        Aug 29, The storm that had been Hurricane Irene crossed into Canada overnight but wasn't yet through with the US, where flood waters threatened Vermont towns and big city commuters had to make do with slowly reawakening transit systems.
    (AP, 8/29/11)
2011        Aug 29, Adult film productions in Los Angeles shut down temporarily after an adult film performer tested HIV-positive. A retest by the end of the week indicated no virus and film production was allowed to resume.
    (SFC, 8/30/11, p.A6)(SSFC, 9/4/11, p.A8)
2011        Aug 29, In eastern Wyoming 3 workers were killed in an oil field explosion on a private ranch 40 miles northeast of Casper.
    (SFC, 8/31/11, p.A6)
2011        Aug 29, Chinese authorities jailed a Buddhist monk for 11 years over the March 17 self-immolation death of Rigzin Phuntsog. A court in the southern province of Sichuan handed long jail sentences to two more monks the next day over Phuntsog’s protest at their Kirti monastery.
    (AFP, 8/31/11)
2011        Aug 29, In China a female staff member slashed children with a knife at a daycare center for migrant workers in Shanghai's suburban Minhang district, wounding eight children.
    (AP, 8/29/11)
2011        Aug 29, In China a mine shaft in the city of Dazhou flooded as 30 miners were working underground. 18 escaped, 10 were killed and 2 miners remained trapped.
    (AFP, 9/3/11)
2011        Aug 29, Estonia's parliament re-elected US-educated President Toomas Hendrik Ilves (57) for a second 5-year term as head of state. It was the first time a presidential candidate has managed to get the required two-thirds majority since Estonia declared independence in 1991.
    (AP, 8/29/11)
2011        Aug 29, In India car production was halted at the factory in Manesar after the Japanese-controlled firm Maruti Suzuki accused some workers of sabotaging production and "deliberately causing quality problems."
    (AFP, 9/3/11)
2011        Aug 29, Authorities in the Indian-controlled portion of Kashmir said they are dropping about 1,200 criminal cases against young Kashmiri men for allegedly throwing stones during violent protests against Indian rule last year.
    (AP, 8/29/11)
2011        Aug 29, Libyan members of the National Transitional Council announced further steps to becoming an effective government. Suleiman Mahmoud al-Obeidi, the rebels' deputy military chief, announced the formation of a 17-member committee to represent the 30 or local military councils he said had been set up in the country's west. Moammar Gadhafi's wife, Safiya Gadhafi, her daughter Aisha and sons Hannibal and Mohammed entered Algeria.
    (AP, 8/29/11)(AP, 8/30/11)
2011        Aug 29, Mexican police announced the arrest of 5 suspects associated with the Zetas drug cartel in the August 25 casino fire in Monterrey. At least one of the suspects confessed that the attack was in response to the casino owner’s refusal to pay protection money.
    (SFC, 8/30/11, p.A2)     
2011        Aug 29, In Mexico 140 elementary schools in the resort city of Acapulco closed after teachers refused to show up for fear of extortion threats and kidnappings by drug gangs. Police in Ciudad Juarez exhumed the skeletal remains, including five skulls, of seven people in a cotton field. The Chihuahua state Attorney General's Office said officers suspected the bodies had been there for two years. In southern Chihuahua state police reported the weekend discovery of seven bodies, of six men and one woman, buried together in a mountain town. The seven had gone missing earlier this month.
    (AP, 8/29/11)
2011        Aug 29, In Nigeria religious rioting began in Jos leaving 4 people dead.  Four days of fighting left at least 21 people dead in the city on the volatile dividing line between Nigeria's largely Christian south and Muslim north.
    (AP, 9/2/11)
2011        Aug 29, A Palestinian attacker (21) wounded 7 Israelis, one critically, near a Tel Aviv nightclub early in the day, hitting a police checkpoint with a stolen taxi and then stabbing others.
    (AP, 8/29/11)
2011        Aug 29, South African municipal workers called off a 16-day nationwide strike without reaching an agreement with employers.
    (AFP, 8/29/11)
2011        Aug 29, Syrian security forces pursuing anti-government protesters stormed several towns and villages, killing at least six people including a child. 3 people were reported killed overnight in the eastern town of al-Boukamal near the border with Iraq.
    (AP, 8/29/11)
2011        Aug 29, Typhoon Nanmadol made landfall near the city of Taitung on the east coast of Taiwan and pummeled some of the island's most densely populated areas.
    (AFP, 8/29/11)
2011        Aug 29, Turkey’s military said its air strikes and artillery fire on suspected Kurdish rebel targets this month  killed up to 160 guerrillas.
    (SFC, 8/30/11, p.A2)
2011        Aug 29,  In eastern Uganda landslides killed at least 40 people, including children buried in their homes in Mabono village. Two weeks ago seven people were killed by landslides in the northeastern Karamoja region.
    (AP, 8/29/11)(AP, 8/30/11)
2011        Aug 29, The UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) warned about a new mutant strain of the deadly bird flu H5N1 virus (H5N1 - 2.3.2.1.) in China and Vietnam, saying there could be a "major resurgence" of the disease.
    (AFP, 8/29/11)
2011        Aug 29, In southern Yemen fierce fighting over the last 24 hours killed 26 al-Qaida militants and 10 soldiers, including a colonel.
    (AP, 8/29/11)

2011        Aug 30, The US Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) announced that they had arrested 7 men in Utah, alleged members of Mexico’s Sinaloa drug cartel. Cashes of guns, cash and drugs were seized.
    (Econ, 9/24/11, p.40)
2011        Aug 30, A US federal judge temporarily blocked key provisions of a Texas abortion law that would require women seeking the procedure to view a sonogram and listen to the heartbeat of their fetus. On Jan 10, 2012, a federal appeals court restored the law.
    (Reuters, 8/30/11)(SFC, 1/11/12, p.A7)
2011        Aug 30, Flooding isolated entire towns in Vermont and New York, some communities warily watched swollen rivers and more than a million people from Virginia to Maine lacked electricity, three days after Hurricane Irene churned up the Eastern Seaboard. The storm was blamed for at least 40 deaths in 11 states.
    (AP, 8/30/11)
2011        Aug 30, In Bahrain Shiite human rights activist Abdulhadi al-Khawaja and opposition Haq movement member Abduljalil al-Singace stopped eating in solidarity with detainees held at Bahrain's Dry Dock prison.
    (AFP, 9/3/11)
2011        Aug 30, In Chechnya 3 suicide bombers killed at least nine people in Grozny. One attacker blew himself up at a police post on a street about 150 meters (500 feet) from the parliament compound, killing two officers. Two others set off their explosives about 20 minutes later after more police and emergency workers had rushed to the scene.
    (AP, 8/31/11)
2011        Aug 30, In China the body of Xie Yexin, who worked as an anti-corruption official in the central province of Hubei, was discovered in his office with 11 stab marks to his body next to a knife wrapped in a paper napkin. State-run media said Yexin had taken his own life.
    (AP, 9/2/11)
2011        Aug 30, In Denmark a man was shot dead and two others are injured after a shooting outside a Copenhagen mosque following prayers to mark the end of the Muslim fasting month of Ramadan.
    (AP, 8/30/11)
2011        Aug 30, Ethiopian ONLF rebels reportedly killed 25 soldiers protecting a Chinese oil exploration company called PetroTrans.
    (AP, 9/2/11)
2011        Aug 30, Japan’s Finance Minister Yoshihiko Noda (Democratic Party of Japan) became the country’s sixth new prime minister in five years, inheriting an in-tray groaning with disaster recovery, nuclear crisis and economic gloom in the ageing, debt-choked nation.
    (AFP, 8/30/11)(SSFC, 9/4/11, p.A4)
2011        Aug 30, In Lebanon a man in a land dispute shot dead five members of the same family who had gathered in a cemetery in the Bekaa valley area to mark the end of Ramadan.
    (AFP, 8/30/11)
2011        Aug 30, Libyan rebels pledged to launch an assault within days on Sirte, Moammar Gadhafi's hometown. Rebels told Khadafy backers to give up by Sep 3 or face assault. Gadhafi's daughter gave birth to a baby girl in Algeria. NATO planes bombed Gaddafi forces near Sirte, targeting tanks and other armored vehicles as well as military facilities. They also hit targets in the area of Bani Walid, another Gaddafi stronghold 150 km southeast of Tripoli.
    (AP, 8/30/11)(Reuters, 8/31/11)(SFC, 8/31/11, p.A3)
2011        Aug 30, A Lithuanian military plane collided midair with a French fighter jet during a NATO training flight and crashed into a swamp in northern Lithuania after its two pilots safely ejected. The French Mirage fighter was only "lightly damaged" and landed safely.
    (AP, 8/30/11)
2011        Aug 30, Nigerian officials said cholera has killed 35 people in northern Sokoto and Yobe states in recent days.
    (AFP, 8/30/11)
2011        Aug 30, Philippine President Benigno Aquino flew to China, on a mission to secure billions of dollars in business deals as the two sides look to move beyond a territorial row.
    (AFP, 8/30/11)
2011        Aug 30, South African police detonated stun grenades and fired a water cannon at hundreds of stone-throwing members of the ruling party's youth league, who burned party flags and called for the president's ouster as their leaders were brought before a party disciplinary committee.
    (AP, 8/30/11)
2011        Aug 30, In South Africa a bus overturned on a road in Eastern Cape province, killing 11 people including one child.
    (AFP, 8/31/11)
2011        Aug 30, International rights groups accused Sudan's government of killing at least 26 people in indiscriminate aerial bombardments of a contested region in the country's main oil-producing state. Researchers from Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch investigated 13 air strikes in the Kauda, Delami, and Kurchi areas of South Kordofan during a week in late August.
    (AP, 8/30/11)
2011        Aug 30, Syrian security forces opened fire on thousands of anti-government protesters, killing at least seven people, including a 13-year-old boy, as worshippers poured out of mosques after prayers to mark the end of the holy month of Ramadan. The Syrian Revolution Coordinating Union grassroots activists' group said Assad's forces killed 551 people during the month of Ramadan.
    (AP, 8/30/11)
2011        Aug 30, Chiou I-jen, Taiwan's ex-spy chief and right-hand man of jailed former president Chen Shui-bian, was cleared of embezzling diplomatic funds during Chen's term in office due to a lack of evidence. Former vice foreign minister Kao Ying-mao was also cleared of being an accomplice in the 2005 case.
    (AP, 8/30/11)
2011        Aug 30, Rights groups said foreign banks with investments in Zimbabwe are enabling human rights abuses by failing to stop local partners from facilitating illegal sales of the country's diamonds.
    (AFP, 8/30/11)

2011        Aug 31, Nebraska governor Dave Heineman urged Pres. Obama's administration to deny a key permit for TransCanada's Keystone XL crude oil pipeline from Alberta, Canada to the Gulf Coast of Texas on the grounds that the line could put the Ogallala Aquifer at risk.
    (AP, 8/31/11)
2011        Aug 31, The US Justice Dept. sued to block AT&T’s proposed $39 billion takeover of T-Mobile, saying the deal would lessen competition in the wireless market.
    (SFC, 9/1/11, p.D1)
2011        Aug 31, In Fremont, Ca., solar-cell maker Solyndra announced that it will close its remaining plant, layoff 1,100 employees and file for bankruptcy. Solyndra received $535 million in 2009 to build its 2nd factory in Fremont.
    (SFC, 9/1/11, p.A1)
2011        Aug 31, In North Miami Beach, Florida, a man carrying what was later determined to be a toy rifle was shot and killed by police.
    (AP, 9/1/11)
2011        Aug 31, Federal investigators in Detroit said a Michigan man and others stole rental vehicles and sold them to Iraq after spiriting them across the US-Canada border. Adnan Hana was arrested this week along with 12 others capping an almost 2-year investigation.
    (SFC, 9/1/11, p.A8)
2011        Aug 31, Vermont emergency airlift operations brought ready-to-eat meals and water to residents left isolated from Hurricane Irene. The storm was blamed for at least 45 deaths in the continental US, one in Puerto Rico and 7 more in the Dominican Rep. and Haiti.
    (AP, 8/31/11)(SFC, 9/1/11, p.A10)
2011        Aug 31, Australia's High Court dealt a heavy blow to the government by blocking its plans to send asylum-seekers to Malaysia, ruling they could not go to a nation lacking legal safeguards.
    (AFP, 8/31/11)
2011        Aug 31, In Bahrain hundreds of demonstrators made their boldest attempt in months to reclaim control of a central square in the capital Manama, which was the symbolic hub of the protest movement after it began in February. Riot police used buses to block roads and flooded streets with tear gas to drive back the marchers before dawn. Ali Jawad Ahmad (14), died after being hit by a tear gas canister fired at close range by police.
    (AP, 9/1/11)(AP, 9/2/11)
2011        Aug 31, Britain's biggest retailer Tesco announced that it is pulling out of Japan after eight years and putting its 129 small supermarkets on sale to focus on other operations in Asia.
    (AP, 8/31/11)
2011        Aug 31, Guinea-Bissau Pres. Malam Bacai Sanha was (64) evacuated to neighboring Senegal for medical care.
    (AFP, 9/1/11)
2011        Aug 31, In Iraq car bomb parked outside a shopping area in southwestern Baghdad killed 5 people and wounded 22.
    (AP, 8/31/11)
2011        Aug 31, Libyans delighted at Muammar Gaddafi's downfall celebrated the end of Ramadan feast, even though the ousted leader remains on the run and forces loyal to him defied an ultimatum set by Libya's interim council.
    (Reuters, 8/31/11)
2011        Aug 31, In western Myanmar 7 people, including 2 children, were killed when a World War II bomb they found in a river exploded in Rakhine state.
    (AP, 9/1/11)
2011        Aug 31, Mexican police arrested Jean Baptiste Kingery (40) of the US for smuggling American grenade parts into Mexico for use by the Sinaloa cartel. Kingery had been detained in Arizona in June 2010 and then released, purportedly because officials wanted to use him as an informant or in a sting operation.
    (AP, 9/6/11)(WSJ, 9/6/11)
2011        Aug 31, The New Zealand Press Association, the country's national news agency, closed its doors after 131 years, the latest victim of media consolidation in the digital age.
    (AFP, 8/31/11)
2011        Aug 31, The Nigerian Red Cross said flash flooding in the country's southwest this week has killed at least 102 people.
    (AP, 8/31/11)
2011        Aug 31, In southwestern Pakistan a suspected suicide car bomb attack killed at least 11 people in Quetta, as the country celebrated the Muslim festival of Eid al-Fitr.
    (AFP, 8/31/11)
2011        Aug 31, Three Pakistani soldiers were killed and one Indian trooper was hurt in an exchange of fire by the rival militaries across their sensitive border in divided Kashmir.
    (AFP, 8/31/11)
2011        Aug 31, In Puerto Rico former Arecibo police officer David Gonzalez Perez was found guilty of providing security to drug dealers.
    (AP, 8/31/11)
2011        Aug 31, Russian bailiffs raided the offices of BP in Moscow to uncover documents over its failed deal with Rosneft. The search came less than a day after Rosneft and ExxonMobil agreed to a stunning Arctic exploration deal overseen by Prime Minister Vladimir Putin.
    (AFP, 8/31/11)
2011        Aug 31, In Spain tens of thousands of people pelted each other with 120 tons of ripe tomatoes in an annual battle that left the eastern town of Bunol awash in red pulp. The event has its roots in a food fight between childhood friends back in 1945.
    (AP, 8/31/11)
2011        Aug 31, Syrian troops backed by tanks raided houses looking for activists in two main districts of the city of Hama. Troops shot dead one villager, Hazem al-Shihadi, at a checkpoint overnight near the northwestern border town of Kfaruma. Dozens of people were arrested at Qadam and Qabun in the Damascus region, and at Zabadani. Other arrests occurred at Jizeh in the southern region of Daraa, at Hama and at Al-Jura and Quriyya. Hama province attorney general Adnan Bakkour appeared on video declaring his resignation to protest President Bashar Assad's crackdown, saying security forces killed hundreds of people in the restive city of Hama and arrested thousands of "peaceful protesters." Bakkour said security forces killed 72 prisoners on July 31 and another 420 people during a military siege on Hama, the main city in the province of the same name, in August.
    (AP, 8/31/11)(AFP, 9/1/11)(AP, 9/1/11)

2011        Aug, The US Department of Justice announced that Google had agreed to pay $500 million to settle allegations that it allowed Canadian-based "rogue pharmacies" -- which offer counterfeit medications or do not require valid prescriptions -- to run ads through AdWords. In 2012 Rhode Island  received about $230 million of the $500 million settlement.
    (http://tinyurl.com/lpx5lq2)
2011        Aug, Afghan Pres. Karzai pardoned two dozen boys who had been caught trying to carry out suicide attacks. In 2012 two of the boys (10) were rearrested for again attempting to carry out bombings.
    (SFC, 2/14/12, p.A3)
2011        Aug, Belgium, France, Italy and Spain introduced bans to prevent the short selling of financial stocks. The EU banned naked shorting of shares in October, effective in Nov, 2012.
    (Econ, 10/22/11, p.88)
2011        Aug, Benin committed itself to abolishing capital punishment permanently.
    (Econ, 9/24/11, p.73)
2011        Aug, In Canada voters in British Columbia chose to dismantle the harmonized sales tax (HST), which merged the province's 7 percent sales tax with a 5 percent federal goods and services levy. The provincial government later said the move to scrap the sales tax will cost the province C$2.3 billion over the next three years and force a round of new spending cuts.
    (Reuters, 9/9/11)
2011        Aug, In the Ivory Coast fighters loyal to ex-President Laurent Gbagbo crossed over the border at night and killed villagers, including women and children, and then disappeared back into the Liberia's dense jungle just a couple of miles away.
    (AP, 9/17/11)
2011        Aug, in Japan Mitsubishi Heavy was attacked with viruses apparently programmed to breach its computers and servers to gain unauthorized access to protected data. The attack was not made public until September when it was reported that no sensitive information was known to have been lost.
    (AP, 9/20/11)
2011        Aug, In Malaysia the first turbine from French giant Alstom began producing electricity at the Bakun dam in the Malaysian portion of Borneo island. The reservoir has swelled to the size of Singapore since impoundment began a year ago. The project was first approved in 1986. A 2005 report, anti-graft watchdog Transparency International termed the dam one of the world's "Monuments of Corruption," citing years of delays, ownership changes, and overall costs that more than doubled. Tribal residents said warnings about the dam's ecological and human impact are coming true.
    (AFP, 10/27/11)
2011        Aug, In Nicaragua Jason Puracal, a US citizen, was convicted on drug and money-laundering and sentenced to 22 years in prison. He was released from prison on Sep 13, 2102, after charges against him were vacated.
    (AP, 9/14/12)
2011        Aug, In Romania Florin Nicolae Ghinea was arrested for trafficking at least 38 women to brothels in Ireland from 2007-2010.
    (SSFC, 9/4/11, p.A4)

2011        Sep 1, The World Economic Forum pronounced Reputation.com, founded in 2006 as ReputationDefender, as one of 31 “technology pioneer" companies. In October the Redwood City, Ca., company posted an advertisement on KCSM TV, a public TV channel in the San Francisco Bay Area, with a focus on gathering users interested in the validity of their identities.
    (PBS, 10/10/11)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reputation.com)
2011        Sep 1, The New York Times said the US Federal Housing Finance Agency is filing lawsuits against major banks, accusing them of bundling subprime home loans into bonds that never should have been sold to investors, and causing mortgage giants Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac to lose billions.
    (Reuters, 9/2/11)
2011        Sep 1, Santa Cruz, Ca., attorney Celestial Cassman (35) was murdered while vacationing on the island of Maui. The next day Geral Galaway of Santa Cruz was arrested for the murder. In 2012 he pleaded no contest under a plead deal to manslaughter and kidnapping.
    (SFC, 6/9/12, p.C3)
2011        Sep 1, Ohio officials said the Lake Erie Correctional Institution in Ashtabula county has been sold to Corrections Corporation of America for $72.7 million. This was the first US prison to be sold to a private company.
    (SFC, 9/2/11, p.A8)
2011        Sep 1, Abdulrahman al-Nuaimi (67), founder of one of Bahrain's leading opposition groups, died after more than four years in a coma. From abroad, he founded an underground resistance group known as the Popular Front for the Liberation of Bahrain, which was inspired by Arab nationalist movements in the 1970s.
    (AP, 9/1/11)
2011        Sep 1, Brazilian officials said wildfires have burned about 930 square miles (2,400 square km) of land inside 17 national reserves since the start of the dry season.
    (AP, 9/1/11)
2011        Sep 1, The British-based Economist Intelligence Unit rated Harare, Zimbabwe's capital, as the worst of 140 world cities to live in.
    (AP, 9/1/11)   
2011        Sep 1, Congo DRC police in Kinshasa fired tear gas at hundreds of stone-throwing opposition supporters demonstrating against alleged fraud in the run up to November elections.
    (AP, 9/1/11)
2011        Sep 1, In Iraq 35 terror suspects tunneled their way out of a detention facility in northern Ninevah province. 21 were quickly recaptured. Within days police arrested two fugitive prisoners and found four others drowned.
    (AP, 9/1/11)(AFP, 9/4/11)
2011        Sep 1, Italian police arrested businessman Giampaolo Tarantini and his wife Angela Devenuto on charges of allegedly extorting money from Premier Silvio Berlusconi to ensure his cooperation in a probe over recruiting prostitutes to attend wild parties at Berlusconi's home. Tarantini has admitted he paid a high-end prostitute, Patrizia D'Addario, and other women to attend parties at Berlusconi's residences, but insisted the premier didn't know. Between September 2008 and May 2009 Tarantini recruited women of "young age, slender frame," and told them what to wear and how to behave at the parties.
    (AP, 9/1/11)(AP, 9/16/11)
2011        Sep 1, Libyan rebels extended the deadline for the surrender of Gadhafi's hometown of Sirte, originally set for Sep 3, giving the loyalist forces there one more week to surrender. Rebels said they have captured Foreign Minister Abdul Ati al-Obeidi. 60 world leaders and top-level envoys met in Paris on Libya's future.
    (AP, 9/1/11)
2011        Sep 1, Mexico’s President Calderon delivered his annual national report to Congress, saying he has strengthened the rule of law and fought against drug gangs like never before. Federal police said they have arrested a state police officer in connection with the Aug 25 arson fire at a Monterrey casino that killed 52 people. Five alleged members of the Zetas drug cartel have been arrested in connection with the fire. Police have said at least 12 people were involved. Joggers discovered the nude bodies of 2 women near a cemetery in El Mirador park in Iztapalapa, Mexico city. Autopsies showed that Rocio Gonzalez (48) and Marcela Yarce (45) were strangled with rope and later shot. Their hands were tied behind their backs. Two men were later detained in the case with robbery as the motive.
    (AP, 9/1/11)(AP, 10/4/11)
2011        Sep 1, Mexican police found a tunnel was found in the border city of Nogales, across the border from Nogales, Arizona. It was presumably used to smuggle people into the US. Police found it acting on information they received after discovering another tunnel in Nogales on Aug. 16.
    (AP, 9/5/11)
2011        Sep 1, Pakistani Taliban in Afghanistan kidnapped more than 30 Pakistani boys who had mistakenly crossed the unmarked border from the country's lawless northwest. Gunmen killed 7 Shiite Muslims in the Kurram tribal region. Two people died in a suicide car bomb attack on a police station.
    (AFP, 9/2/11)(SFC, 9/2/11, p.A2)
2011        Sep 1, Poland’s government, Jewish community and Holocaust survivors all strongly condemned the desecrated Jedwabne monument marking the spot where hundreds of Jews were burned alive during World War II. Police discovered the desecration a day earlier during a patrol and sought the culprits.
    (AP, 9/1/11)
2011        Sep 1, Russia recognized Libya's rebels as the governing authority in the country.
    (AFP, 9/1/11)
2011        Sep 1, Senegalese opposition parties said the doubling of the fee required to take part in presidential elections was unfair and undemocratic. The 65 million CFA francs (100,000 euros, $145,000) was declared in a ministerial decree issued on Aug 29, and is more than double the 25 million CFA francs required in 2007.
    (AFP, 9/1/11)
2011        Sep 1, South Sudan completed the swift circulation of its new currency, a move matched by Khartoum, but strengthening the south's formal independence from the north less than two months ago.
    (AFP, 9/1/11)
2011        Sep 1, Sri Lanka said it will still detain hundreds of terror suspects and outlaw the defeated rebel Tamil Tiger group despite lifting wartime emergency laws.
    (AP, 9/1/11)
2011        Sep 1, In Sudan 17 civilians were killed in attacks by the SPLA in the areas of Um Dahilib and Murung, in the Kalugi region of South Kordofan state.
    (AFP, 9/3/11)
2011        Sep 1, In Syria 2 civilians were killed as government security forces moved into a district of the central city of Homs and a village in the northwest.
    (AFP, 9/1/11)
2011        Sep 1, Ukraine opened shale gas development to Western giants, assigning its first exploration contract to the Anglo-Dutch firm Shell in a deal worth up to $800 million (555 million euros).
    (AFP, 9/1/11)
2011        Sep 1, Yemeni military and medical officials say 30 al-Qaida suspects have been killed over the last 24 hours in US airstrikes and clashes with Yemeni soldiers in al-Qaida-held cities in the south. 4 Yemeni military officers were also killed in the clashes.
    (AP, 9/1/11)

2011        Sep 2, President Barack Obama scrapped his administration's controversial plans to tighten smog rules, bowing to the demands of congressional Republicans and some business leaders.
    (AP, 9/2/11)
2011        Sep 2,  The US Federal Housing Finance Agency sued 17 lenders for misleading Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac about residential mortgage-backed securities.
    (SFC, 9/3/11, p.D1)
2011        Sep 2, In California Kinde Durkee, a Democratic campaign manager based in Burbank, was arrested on suspicion of mail fraud. She was alleged to have misappropriated or stolen $670,000 from state Assemblyman Jose Solorio. Sen. Dianne Feinstein’s campaign funds were also believed to be involved. On Sep 23 Feinstein’s campaign filed suit against Durkee and the First California Bank in Los Angeles county.  On March 30, 2012, Durkee pleaded guilty to 5 charges of mail fraud. On Nov 28, 2012, Durkee was sentenced to 8 years in prison for the largest embezzlement of political funds in California history.
    (SSFC, 9/4/11, p.A8)(SFC, 9/14/11, p.A9)(SFC, 9/24/11, p.A1)(SFC, 3/31/12, p.C1)(SFC, 11/29/12, p.C3)
2011        Sep 2, Anti-secrecy website WikiLeaks published its full archive of more than 250,000 US diplomatic cables unredacted and easily accessible online, drawing a furious response from its media partners.
    (AFP, 9/2/11)
2011        Sep 2, Afghan and NATO forces killed Saber Lal Melma, a former Guantanamo detainee. He had returned to Afghanistan after being released in 2007 to become a key al-Qaida ally.
    (AP, 9/3/11)
2011        Sep 2, Lebanese imam, Sheikh Maymun Zarzur, was killed after leading prayers at the Muslim Welfare House in London. Scotland Yard said they had made one arrest. The Muslim Welfare House was founded in 1970 functioning as a community center.
    (AFP, 9/3/11)
2011        Sep 2, A Chilean CASA 212 military plane crashed after two failed attempts to land in difficult weather on the Juan Fernandez islands, 400 miles (670 kilometers) from the Chilean mainland. All 21 aboard were believed killed. Among those aboard was popular Chilean television personality Felipe Camiroaga.
    (AP, 9/3/11)
2011        Sep 2, Officials announced a joint US-Colombian operation against a major trafficker, in which police arrested 30 people and seized 21 small planes that were ferrying cocaine to Central America. Most of the planes were seized this past week in Guatemala and Honduras. Officials also announced a $2.7 million reward for trafficker Daniel "Loco" Barrera.
    (AP, 9/2/11)
2011        Sep 2, The EU banned oil imports from Syria in a move that will cost the embattled regime millions of dollars each day as it uses deadly force to try to crush a 5-month-old uprising. At least 17 people were killed, most of them in suburbs of Damascus. Pro-regime thugs reportedly attacked the convoy of  Hama province attorney general Adnan Bakkour in the Maaret Hirmeh area, Idlib province, killing 4 people accompanying him and wounding 3 others.
    (AP, 9/2/11)(AP, 9/3/11)(AP, 9/5/11)
2011        Sep 2, In Gabon 9 leaders of Conasysed (National Convention of Education Sector Trade Unions) went on hunger strike outside the Saint-Mary Cathedral in Libreville, to support wage claims. The Conasysed leaders had their salaries docked because of a strike in January.
    (AFP, 9/2/11)
2011        Sep 2, The Indian state of West Bengal will now be known as "Paschim Banga" after state lawmakers voted unanimously in favor of the name change.
    (AFP, 9/2/11)
2011        Sep 2, Israeli activists have called for a Sep 3 "demonstration of one million" people as part of their ongoing protest movement against rising costs of living in the Jewish state.
    (AFP, 9/2/11)
2011        Sep 2, In Mexico Samuel Flores Borrego (39), also know as "el Metro 3," was shot dead near Reynosa, across the border from McAllen, Texas, in what appeared to be an attack by members of his own cartel. He was found inside a vehicle along with the body of a police officer. The US government had a reward of up to $5 million for the capture of Flores, who faced drug-trafficking charges north of the border. Hidalgo state police said they have arrested 31 suspected drug cartel members, including 16 police officers who allegedly were paid to protect the Zetas gang.
    (AP, 9/2/11)
2011        Sep 2, A Nigerian army spokesman said soldiers have shot dead a suspected Islamist and wounded another in northeastern Adamawa state where 16 people were killed last week in attacks on police stations and banks. 3 people were killed when armed fighters clashed with security forces in the city of Biu.
    (AFP, 9/2/11)(AP, 9/3/11)
2011        Sep 2, In the Philippines Joseph Balmer (54), a retired British policeman, and his Filipina girlfriend (26) were shot to death in the home of a friend on the northern city of Angeles. Witnesses later named Timothy Noah Kaufman, an American man, as one of three suspects. In 2014 Kaufman was extradited to the Philippines to stand trial for murder. On Aug 15, 2015, Kaufman (37) was found unconscious due to a heart attack and was declared dead on arrival at a hospital. Filipino Jesus Santos has been arrested and American, Joseph Tramontano, was at large.
    (http://tinyurl.com/qjvq3fp)(AFP, 11/18/14)(AP, 8/26/15)
2011        Sep 2, In Puerto Rico Raymar Lucena Rivera, president of a local trucking corporation, was arrested following accusations that he laundered more than $7 million in drug proceeds.
    (AP, 9/2/11)
2011        Sep 2, Puntland soldiers raided neighborhoods searching for gunmen linked to Al Qaeda-inspired Shebab militants. At least 21 people were killed and 31 others wounded in two days of heavy fighting on the border of Somalia proper and the breakaway state of Puntland.
    (AFP, 9/2/11)
2011        Sep 2, Sierra Leone said its tourism industry raked in $19 million in the first half of the year, as the country lures travellers to its white beaches after a brutal civil war.
    (AFP, 9/2/11)
2011        Sep 2, In Somalia Malaysian cameraman Noramfaizul Mohd Nor was killed in Mogadishu by 4 Burundi peacekeepers. The 4 were later discharged from the force and faced trial in Burundi.
    (AP, 9/26/11)
2011        Sep 2, Sudan's president declared a state of emergency in Blue Nile state and fired elected governor Malik Agar after clashes broke out between armed forces and a rebel group. The SPLM-North's secretary general Yasser Arman met with leaders of the three main Darfuri rebel groups to form the nucleus of a united political and military movement for change.
    (AP, 9/3/11)(AFP, 9/4/11)
2011        Sep 2, South Sudan’s government decided to relocate its capital from Juba to a more central location in Ramciel, Lakes state. The new capital will have to be built from scratch.
    (AFP, 9/4/11)
2011        Sep 2, Tunisia imposed a curfew in two separate areas following a series of clashes that left a 17-year-old girl dead and dozens injured.
    (AFP, 9/2/11)
2011        Sep 2, Turkey said it has agreed to host an early warning radar as part of NATO's missile defense system aimed at countering ballistic missile threats from neighboring Iran.
    (AP, 9/2/11)
2011        Sep 2, Turkey expelled the Israeli ambassador to Ankara and suspended all military ties with its one-time ally after a UN report slammed the "excessive" force used in the  May 31, 2010, raid on a Gaza aid flotilla.
    (AFP, 9/2/11)
2011        Sep 2, In Yemen hundreds of thousands staged rival rallies, with massive crowds demanding President Ali Abdullah Saleh step down and as many people turning out in support of the ailing leader.
    (AFP, 9/2/11)
2011        Sep 2, Zimbabwe state media reported that Pres. Mugabe has sworn in an anti-corruption commission in an effort to stem graft.
    (AFP, 9/2/11)
2011        Sep 2, In Zimbabwe an independent conservation group said a new influx of settlers at a nature preserve in the southeast is destroying the sanctuary of at least 70 elephants.
    (AP, 9/2/11)

2011        Sep 3, Heavy rains from Tropical Storm Lee were falling in southern Louisiana and pelting the Gulf Coast as the storm's center trudged slowly toward land, where businesses were already beginning to suffer on what would normally be a bustling holiday weekend.
    (AP, 9/3/11)
2011        Sep 3, Oakland, Ca., hosted its first Int’l. Cannabis & Hemp Expo and offered an area for those with a valid cannabis card to ingest, smoke or vaporize their pot.
    (SFC, 9/2/11, p.C2)
2011        Sep 3, In Afghanistan officials said NATO forces killed a child and a shopkeeper who were caught up in a firefight between a military patrol and a gunman in Kandahar. NATO said that one of its service members was killed in an insurgent attack in the south but did not say if it was the same incident. , Afghan and NATO troops assaulted the house of former Guantanamo inmate Sabar Lal Melma in Jalalabad. Malma was shot dead by soldiers after he confronted them with an AK-47. 3 visiting Afghan men were arrested.
    (AP, 9/3/11)(AP, 9/10/11)
2011        Sep 3, English Defense League far-right protesters clashed with London police during a demonstration held despite a ban on marches in six parts of Britain's capital.
    (AP, 9/3/11)
2011        Sep 3, Chile's Pres. Sebastian Pinera met with student, university and teachers' union leaders for nearly four hours in the government palace, and all those involved decided to keep negotiating in search of a solution to the country's conflicts over education reform.
    (AP, 9/3/11)
2011        Sep 3, Cuba’s Gen. Julio Casas Regueiro (b.1936), the defense minister since 2008, died. The former accountant fought in Cuba's revolution, then used his training to run the military's lucrative economic enterprises for two decades before becoming defense minister.
    (AP, 9/3/11)
2011        Sep 3, Witnesses said Egypt's military has started to close smuggling tunnels to Gaza, amid Israeli warnings of plans by Gazan militants to attack the Jewish state through Egyptian territory.
    (AFP, 9/3/11)
2011        Sep 3, German police in the western city of Dortmund moved in after members of a roughly 1,000-strong group of "left-wing extremists" attacked officers and police vehicles. Thousands of demonstrators had turned out in Dortmund to protest against a planned march by far-right supporters. Police said about 400 people turned out for the far-right event.
    (AP, 9/3/11)
2011        Sep 3, A Greek official said at least four people died on a half-sunk inflatable craft carrying illegal migrants off the country's western coast. Eleven others were found alive.
    (AP, 9/3/11)
2011        Sep 3, The Indian government signed a pact with the United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA) one of its oldest rebel groups to end militant violence in the restive northeastern state of Assam and pave the way for peace talks.
    (AFP, 9/3/11)   
2011        Sep 3, Typhoon Talas cut across western Japan leaving at least two people dead and five missing after heavy rains and fierce winds.
    (AFP, 9/3/11)
2011        Sep 3, A Jordanian father shot and killed his 24-year-old widowed daughter in hospital after she gave birth to twins.
    (AFP, 9/4/11)
2011        Sep 3, A young Kurdish shepherd was killed by an Iranian sniper on the Iraq-Iran border. Iran also shelled the border area, appearing to target bases of the Iranian Kurdish rebel group PEJAK, which has been involved in sporadic cross-border clashes with Iranian forces in recent years.
    (AP, 9/3/11)
2011        Sep 3, Libya’s new civilian leaders put all military commanders in Tripoli under their control in an effort to reign in Islamist influence and paper over internal tensions.
    (SSFC, 9/4/11, p.A6)
2011        Sep 3, In Nigeria unknown gunmen stormed a mainly Christian-dominated community overnight and hacked eight members of a family to death in Tatu.
    (AP, 9/4/11)
2011        Sep 3, In the Philippines villagers and veteran hunters in Bunawan township in Agusan del Sur province captured a one-ton saltwater crocodile which they plan to make the star of a planned ecotourism park.
    (AP, 9/5/11)
2011        Sep 3, Sudan's government shut down all the offices of the country's largest opposition party, the SPLM-North, charging that it was not a legally represented political party. The SPLM-North vowed to fight for regime change through armed struggle and mass protests, and called for international support. The UN refugee agency said some 16,000 people have fled across the Sudan’s border to Ethiopia since fighting erupted on Sep 1.
    (AFP, 9/3/11)(AP, 9/3/11)
2011        Sep 3, The Swaziland government sought a court injunction to block a week of planned pro-democracy protests in the southern African kingdom where political parties are banned.
    (AFP, 9/4/11)
2011        Sep 3, Syrian security forces searching for an alleged high-profile defector from President Bashar Assad's regime killed two people near the town of Maaret al-Numan in the northern province of Idlib.
    (AP, 9/3/11)
2011        Sep 3, Around 50 expatriated Syrian Kurds gathered in Sweden for a two-day conference on how to strengthen Kurds inside Syria and get them more involved in efforts to overthrow Bashar al-Assad's regime.
    (AFP, 9/3/11)
2011        Sep 3, In Tajikistan leaders from eight former Soviet states (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan) gathered to celebrate enduring cooperation over the two decades since their nations collectively gained independence, but mutual acrimony and recriminations cast a shadow over the event.
    (AP, 9/3/11)

2011        Sep 4, Tropical Storm Lee dumped over a foot of rain in New Orleans and weakened to a tropical depression.
    (SFC, 9/5/11, p.A7)
2011        Sep 4, In Nevada the annual burning Man festival in Black Rock Desert drew nearly 54,000 people, more than the 50,000 allowed under its permit.
    (SFC, 9/5/11, p.A6)
2011        Sep 4, In Afghanistan a suicide car bomber killed three Afghan private security guards and wounded another 20 in Kandahar city.
    (AP, 9/5/11)
2011        Sep 4, In Australia a shark bit the legs off a bodyboarder, killing the man, at a popular surfing spot at Bunker Bay near the western town of Dunsborough.
    (AP, 9/4/11)
2011        Sep 4, Haitian President Michel Martelly "vigorously condemned" an alleged sexual assault by UN troops against an 18-year-old man. The incident aggravated mistrust between Haitians and the peacekeeping mission. The UN was investigating allegations that five Uruguayan naval personnel at a UN base in the south sexually molested an 18-year-old man in an attack reportedly captured by a cell phone camera.
    (AP, 9/5/11)
2011        Sep 4, In northern India bus fell into the Tons River swollen by monsoon rains, killing 12 passengers in Uttrakhand state.
    (AP, 9/4/11)
2011        Sep 4, Iranian state radio said the country's first nuclear power plant has been connected to the national power grid for a test run. The power plant in the southern port of Bushehr, with a capacity of 1,000 megawatts, was built with Russian help.
    (AP, 9/4/11)
2011        Sep 4, Iran executed three men for homosexuality. They were hanged in the south-western city of Ahvaz, the capital of Khuzestan province.
    (Econ, 2/4/12, p.63)(http://tinyurl.com/3jkjmyn)
2011        Sep 4, Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu pledged "real" economic change after massive nationwide protests that broke Israeli records and prompted questions about the future of the social movement.
    (AFP, 9/4/11)
2011        Sep 4, Italian police detained a man who confessed to knocking two chunks of marble off a statue in Rome's famed Piazza Navona and of trying to damage the nearby Trevi Fountain a day earlier.
    (AP, 9/5/11)
2011        Sep 4, In Japan record rain and mudslides from powerful Typhoon Talas left at least 37 people dead as the storm moved slowly northward past the country's western coast. Over 50 others remained missing.
    (AP, 9/4/11)(AFP, 9/5/11)
2011        Sep 4, Libyan rebels said that tribal leaders in Bani Walid, a besieged pro-Moammar Gadhafi stronghold, are divided over what to do and will likely surrender rather than see their followers fight one another. NATO reported bombing a military barracks, a police camp and several other targets near Sirte overnight.
    (AP, 9/4/11)
2011        Sep 4, Mexican federal congressman Moises Villanueva (46) and his driver went missing after leaving a party held by a fellow member of the opposition Institutional Revolutionary Party in the town of Tlapa de Comonfort in Villanueva's district. On Sep 17 their badly decomposed bodies were found in a river in the town of Huamuxtitlan, Guerrero state.
    (AP, 9/18/11)
2011        Sep 4, In Nigeria 3 people were killed near the city of Jos. Islamic cleric Mallam Dala was shot and killed after two men burst into his house. Attacks in two villages in central Nigeria, Targom-Babale and Dabwak, killed 11 people, including children.
    (AFP, 9/4/11)(AP, 9/4/11)(AFP, 9/5/11)
2011        Sep 4, Somali leaders began gathering for a 3-day national reconciliation conference under UN auspices amid high security in war-shattered Mogadishu.
    (AFP, 9/4/11)
2011        Sep 4, Syria saw a wave of violence and arrests as the head of the International Committee of the Red Cross visited Damascus to address issues including caring for the wounded and access to detainees. The state-run news agency reported that nine people were killed in central Syria in an ambush by armed groups.
    (AP, 9/4/11)
2011        Sep 4, In Taiwan some 1,000 chanting pro-independence activists took to the streets of Taipei, President Ma Ying-jeou of surrendering the island's sovereignty to China.
    (AFP, 9/4/11)
2011        Sep 4, Authorities in Trinidad and Tobago extended a state of emergency by three months, citing continued security concerns since the measure was first imposed last month to dismantle gangs and decrease crime.
    (AP, 9/5/11)
2011        Sep 4, In Yemen troops loyal to President Ali Abdullah Saleh deployed in force in Sanaa after opposition groups called new mass demonstrations demanding his ouster. The Defense Ministry said 17 al-Qaida militants have been killed in airstrikes in the south.
    (AFP, 9/4/11)(AP, 9/5/11)

2011        Sep 5, President Barack Obama used a boisterous Labor Day rally in Detroit to put congressional Republicans on the spot, challenging them to place the country's interests above all else and vote to create jobs and put the economy back on a path toward growth.
    (AP, 9/5/11)
2011        Sep 5, The US White House estimated that Hurricane Irene will cost taxpayers $1.5 billion in disaster relief.
    (SFC, 9/6/11, p.A4)
2011        Sep 5, In Afghanistan 5 civilians were killed when a roadside bomb exploded next to their vehicle in western Faryab province. An American civilian employee was killed in Kabul province.
    (AP, 9/5/11)(AP, 9/6/11)
2011        Sep 5, Cambodian painter Van Nath (65) died. He had been forced to paint portraits of Pol Pot while interned at S-21 from 1978-1979. From 1980-1981 he painted from memory somber oils of what had happened at S-21 under the Khmer Rouge.
    (Econ, 9/17/11, p.93)
2011        Sep 5, In CongoDRC leading opposition figure Etienne Tshisekedi formally submitted his candidacy for the upcoming presidential elections.
    (AP, 9/5/11)
2011        Sep 5, An Ethiopian official said the government is holding 29 people in the capital and other parts of the country on suspicion of terrorism. Among those detained are two opposition politicians who were arrested last week.
    (AP, 9/5/11)
2011        Sep 5, The EU's counter-terrorism coordinator said Al-Qaeda's north African branch has acquired a stockpile of weapons in Libya, including surface-to-air missiles threatening air travel.
    (AFP, 9/5/11)
2011        Sep 5, The state government in Indian Kashmir defended repeated house arrest orders imposed on Syed Ali Geelani, a top hardline separatist leader, saying he was responsible for inciting violence.
    (AFP, 9/5/11)
2011        Sep 5, Iran said its Revolutionary Guard soldiers have killed at least 30 members of Kurdish opposition group in fighting outside the border city of Sardasht in an operation that began on Sep 2. Inside Iraq a PEJAK spokesman declared an immediate, unilateral cease-fire, which Iran rejected.
    (AP, 9/5/11)
2011        Sep 5, The Israeli military razed three buildings before dawn in Migron, an unauthorized West Bank settlement outpost, and clashed with settlers who reject a Supreme Court ruling ordering the enclave to be dismantled.
    (AP, 9/5/11)
2011        Sep 5, The Ivory Coast government announced the formation of a truth and reconciliation panel including footballer Didier Drogba, to probe post-election violence which left over 3,000 dead.
    (AFP, 9/5/11)
2011        Sep 5, In Libya rebels reportedly arrested Khalid Kaim, Gadhafi's deputy foreign minister in Tripoli. A large convoy of Gadhafi loyalists rolled into the central Niger town of Agadez. At the head of the convoy was Tuareg rebel leader Rissa ag Boula.
    (AP, 9/6/11)
2011        Sep 5, Mexico City police arrested Claudia Tapia (44), Jorge Iniestra (32), his mother and several of his siblings. Iniestra was arrested for allegedly keeping his two teenage stepdaughters captive for five years. He fathered five children with one of them, then killed the other young woman and one of the babies. Tapia was arrested for covering up the abuse.
    (AP, 9/7/11)
2011        Sep 5, Nigeria’s central bank said it plans to include the Chinese yuan as part of its foreign exchange reserves, a symbolic shift in Africa's largest oil producer and one of its biggest economies.
    (AFP, 9/5/11)
2011        Sep 5, Pakistan military said intelligence officers working with the CIA in Quetta have arrested 3 members of al-Qaida including Younis al-Mauritani, a top operative believed to have been tasked by Osama bin Laden with targeting American economic interests around the world. It named the other two detainees as Abdul-Ghaffar al-Shami and Messara al-Shami.
    (AP, 9/5/11)
2011        Sep 5, A Pakistani relief official said monsoon rains have killed 136 people since Aug 12 and destroyed crops and houses in the flood-prone south of the country.
    (AP, 9/5/11)
2011        Sep 5, Authorities in Panama arrested 80 Panamanians and Colombians breaking up a major cocaine trafficking organization that moved drugs from Colombia to Panama and then north to Mexico and the United States.
    (AP, 9/7/11)
2011        Sep 5, The UN said famine has spread into Somalia’s southern Bay region, where nearly 60% of people are acutely malnourished, four times the rate at which an emergency is declared. Hundreds were reported dying every day, with at least half of them children.
    (AP, 9/5/11)
2011        Sep 5, In Swaziland hundreds of anti-government protesters marched through Mbabane, the capital, demanding democracy after the government failed in efforts to have a court declare the “nationwide" strike illegal.
    (AP, 9/5/11)
2011        Sep 5, Syrian soldiers raided homes and made arrests in a manhunt for Adnan Bakkour, the attorney general who appeared on video last week saying he had defected from President Bashar Assad's regime. Troops stormed the flashpoint districts of Khaldieh and in central Homs province, killing at least two people. Another man was reported killed in the western town of Talkalakh during security operations.
    (AP, 9/5/11)
2011        Sep 5, Yemeni warplanes launched a series of airstrikes on a southern town overrun by Islamic militants, killing at least seven people in attacks on a mosque, a hospital and a national police building.
    (AP, 9/5/11)

2011        Sep 6, Newly retired Gen. David Petraeus was sworn in as the 20th director of the CIA.
    (SFC, 9/7/11, p.A6)
2011        Sep 6, US Navy Sec. Ray Mabus announced that the battleship Iowa, commissioned in 1943, would be heading to Los Angeles for life as a museum. The ship was taken out of service in 1990 and towed to Suisun Bay, Ca., in 2001.
    (SFC, 9/8/11, p.C2)
2011        Sep 6, Michigan Republican Gov. Rick Snyder signed into law a stricter, four-year lifetime limit on cash welfare benefits, prompting advocates for the poor to warn that tens of thousands of residents will find themselves without cash assistance on Oct 1.
    (AP, 9/6/11)
2011        Sep 6, In Nevada Eduardo Sencion (32), armed with an AK-47 assault rifle, shot an entire group of five uniformed National Guard members eating breakfast at an IHOP, killing 3 of them and another person in a hail of gunfire. Sencion of Carson City, also shot himself and later died at a hospital.
    (AP, 9/7/11)(SFC, 9/12/11, p.A4)
2011        Sep 6, In central Texas calmer winds helped firefighters battling a wildfire that forced thousands of residents to evacuate to shelters. 4 deaths were linked to the fire. Some 122 wildfires continued to overwhelm the state. By Sep 12 at least 1554 homes were incinerated in and around the city of Bastrop.
    (AP, 9/6/11)(SFC, 9/8/11, p.A11)(SFC, 9/12/11, p.A4)
2011        Sep 6, Michael Hart (b.1947), father of e-books and founder of Project Gutenberg (1971), died.
    (Econ, 9/24/11, p.109)
2011        Sep 6, George Kuchar (69), SF-based filmmaker, died. His over 500 low-budget films included “Hold Me While I’m Naked" (1966) and “"The Devil’s Cleavage" (1975).
    (SFC, 9/8/11, p.C4)
2011        Sep 6, In Afghanistan a district government head and three of his bodyguards were killed in a roadside bomb blast in Nangarhar province.
    (AP, 9/6/11)
2011        Sep 6, In Bolivia a small plane disappeared in the country's Amazon region. The wreckage was found 2 days later. All 9 people aboard, including 2 Colombians and 7 Bolivians were aboard, were killed.
    (AP, 9/811)
2011        Sep 6, In China police detained Li Tianyi (15) in Beijing after witnesses said he and a friend leapt from their BMW sports cars and beat a man and woman for three minutes while their son looked on. General Li Shuangjiang (72), a famous singer and music department dean at the Beijing-based PLA Academy of Arts, soon apologized for his son's actions.
    (AP, 9/9/11)
2011        Sep 6, In CongoDRC police fired on protesters in Kinshasa after two early morning attacks in which people ransacked and looted the offices of opposition leader Etienne Tshisekedi and armed men set ablaze an independent television station that the government had previously tried to silence. At least one person was killed.
    (AP, 9/6/11)
2011        Sep 6, Egyptian football fans clashed with police in a Cairo stadium, injuring nearly 80 people, after they chanted slogans against ousted president Hosni Mubarak and torched dozens of cars.
    (AFP, 9/6/11)
2011        Sep 6, In Ghana a boat carrying over 90 passengers capsized on Lake Volta, killing two and leaving 10 missing.
    (AFP, 9/7/11)
2011        Sep 6, Indian PM Manmohan Singh arrived in the Bangladeshi capital Dhaka on an official visit aimed at boosting the sometimes fraught relations between India and its smaller Muslim-majority neighbor. Bangladesh and India signed two deals to tackle poaching of critically-endangered Bengal tigers from the world's largest mangrove forest.
    (AFP, 9/6/11)(AFP, 9/7/11)
2011        Sep 6, In Indonesia 3 people were killed when a 6.6-magnitude earthquake hit Sumatra island.
    (AFP, 9/6/11)
2011        Sep 6, In Iraq gunmen ambushed and killed 9 government soldiers as they were returning to base after a midnight shift in Anbar province. US authorities informed PM Nouri al-Maliki that the American military withdrawal has officially begun. Under a 2008 agreement between Washington and Baghdad, all US troops are slated to leave by Dec 31, 2011.
    (AP, 9/6/11)(SFC, 9/7/11, p.A3)
2011        Sep 6, An Israeli defense official said the military is temporarily suspending its contentious policy of demolishing illegally built Palestinian homes in the West Bank. The head of the territory's military administration issued this order after determining the policy is not equally enforced against illegally built Jewish settler homes.
    (AP, 9/6/11)
2011        Sep 6, In Italy a nationwide strike against austerity measures brought much of the country to a near-halt.
    (SFC, 9/7/11, p.A2)
2011        Sep 6, The chairman of the Kenya National Union of Teachers said 200,000 teachers in public schools have started a strike to protest the diversion of funds meant to hire more teachers and ease classroom overcrowding. The money has gone to the ministry of defense. The government soon said it will make all 18,000 temporary teachers permanent and hire 5,000 extra teachers in January. On Sep 9 union head Wilson Sossion said the union accepts the terms but will formally endorse them on Sep 11.
    (AP, 9/6/11)(SFC, 9/7/11, p.A2)(AP, 9/9/11)   
2011        Sep 6, In Libya tribal elders from one of Moammar Gadhafi's last strongholds tried to persuade regime loyalists holed up there to lay down their arms. Mansour Dao, Gadhafi's security chief, was at the head of the first convoy to roll into Niamey, the capital of Niger. NATO made a number of airstrikes around Sirte, hitting six tanks, six armored fighting vehicles and an ammunition storage facility, among other targets. They also targeted the Gadhafi loyalist strongholds of Hun, Sabha and Waddan.
    (AP, 9/6/11)(AP, 9/7/11)
2011        Sep 6, In Malawi a pro-democracy campaigner trumped the ruling party candidate in a critical by-election that signaled increasing opposition to Pres. Bingu wa Mutharika's 7-year rule.
    (AP, 9/7/11)
2011        Sep 6, At the Hague, Netherlands, the Yugoslav war crimes tribunal sentenced Gen. Momcilo Perisic, the former chief of the Yugoslav army, to 27 years imprisonment for providing crucial military aid to Bosnian Serb forces responsible for the 1995 Srebrenica massacre and for a deadly four-year campaign of shelling and sniping in Sarajevo.
    (AP, 9/6/11)
2011        Sep 6, Nigeria's secret police announced that they had arrested five suspected members of a radical Muslim sect accused of bombing an election office (April 8) and a church  (July 10) near the oil-rich nation's capital. A bomb went off in Maiduguri disrupting a three-week lull in bombings in the violence-torn city.
    (AP, 9/6/11)(AFP, 9/6/11)
2011        Sep 6, In Senegal some 160 political parties, associations and social movements launched a coalition to rally for the re-election of President Abdoulaye Wade in 2012.
    (AFP, 9/7/11)
2011        Sep 6, Sierra Leone said it has struck 27 political parties off the register for failing to submit audited 2010 accounts. This left only four parties in the running for next year's polls.
    (AFP, 9/6/11)
2011        Sep 6, In Swaziland more than 1,000 people marched through the main city of Manzini in one of the largest protests yet against Africa's last absolute monarch, King Mswati III.
    (AFP, 9/7/11)
2011        Sep 6, The Swiss franc dropped sharply after the country's central bank pegged it against the euro.
    (AP, 9/6/11)
2011        Sep 6, Syrian soldiers opened fire in the restive city of Homs and armored vehicles rolled through its streets, as the UN secretary-general urged the world community to take action on Syria. Security forces opened fire from a checkpoint in Rastan, just north of Homs, killing two people, including a 15-year-old boy. 5 unidentified corpses, including that of a woman, also were found dumped around the city center.
    (AP, 9/6/11)(AP, 9/7/11)
2011        Sep 6, Thailand authorities arrested two men in the northeast for trying to smuggle more 120 dogs into Vietnam to be sold for human consumption. 31 of the dogs were dead.
    (AP, 9/6/11)
2011        Sep 6, The UN's labor agency said more than two dozen global clothing brands pledged to investigate a spate of mass faintings among Cambodian garment workers.
    (AFP, 9/6/11)

2011        Sep 7, The Obama administration announced charges against 91 people for bilking Medicare out of nearly $300 million and victimizing elderly and disabled people dependent on the federal insurance program.
    (SFC, 9/8/11, p.A12)
2011        Sep 7, The US federal government tapped SolarCity of San Mateo, Ca., for a $1 billion effort to install solar panels at 124 US military bases over the next 5 years.
    (SFC, 9/8/11, p.D1)
2011        Sep 7, The Afghan government charged that a NATO decision to stop transferring detainees to some Afghan-run detention centers is unjustified and damages the handover of security to local forces. A French paratrooper was killed by insurgent fire during an operation in the eastern province of Kapisa. A roadside bomb in eastern Khost province killed five Afghan soldiers. A Turkish engineer was killed by a roadside bomb in Herat province.
    (AP, 9/7/11)(AP, 9/8/11)
2011        Sep 7, An international panel said more than 100 jailed Bahraini activists  are on hunger strike. They included doctors who treated injured protesters during months of anti-government protests. Bahrain released 7 doctors and 3 ambulance drivers. All doctors and medical staff were now out on bail "pending announcement of verdicts" on Sep 29.
    (AP, 9/7/11)(AFP, 9/8/11)
2011        Sep 7, China’s Ministry of Industry and Information Technology named Google's China website operator, Beijing Guxiang Information Technology Co. Ltd., as one of 137 firms whose licenses were renewed following adjustments in their operations.
    (AFP, 9/7/11)
2011        Sep 7, In Colombia a leftist congressman presented video testimony from a jailed far-right militia chief who accuses former President Alvaro Uribe of sponsoring his illegal armed group in the mid-1990s. In the video Pablo Hernan Sierra says he organized a militia that operated from the Guacharacas ranch owned by Uribe's family in the northwestern state of Antioquia in 1996 when Uribe was the state's governor.
    (AP, 9/7/11)
2011        Sep 7, Congolese authorities imposed a temporary ban on political protests in the capital Kinshasa over fears of escalating violence in the run-up to November elections. 8 gunmen attacked a prison in the southeast, freeing a former militia leader and allowing close to 1,000 inmates to escape. Two people were killed as police recaptured 152 of the 967 escaped prisoners. Kyungu Mutanga, also known as "Commander Gedeon", took part in a spectacular jailbreak at the Kassapa prison in Katanga's capital Lubumbashi. Authorities soon offered $100,000 dollars for information leading to Gedeon’s arrest.
    (AFP, 9/7/11)(AP, 9/7/11)(AFP, 9/9/11)
2011        Sep 7, Egypt's military rulers froze new licenses for private satellite TV stations, in a restriction that activists say harkens back to the crackdown on freedom of expression under ousted President Hosni Mubarak.
    (AP, 9/8/11)
2011        Sep 7, Finland arrested two Somali people, a man (34) and a woman (28), on suspicion of financing terrorism and performing terror recruitment activities. They had foreign backgrounds and their alleged actions were not aimed at Finland. The woman, released in October, was ordered not to leave the country.
    (AP, 9/17/11)(AP, 10/7/11)
2011        Sep 7, In Honduras Mahadeo Roopchand Sadloo, a fervent supporter of former Pres. Manuel Zelaya, died after he was shot five times inside the tire shop he owned. A truth commission has found that at least 20 Zelaya supporters have been killed by security forces.
    (AP, 9/7/11)
2011        Sep 7, Indian PM Manmohan Singh said he would "intensify efforts" towards a deal to share water from the Teesta river after failing to sign the key agreement during a visit to Dhaka. A deal to share water from the river fell through after opposition from the chief minister of India's West Bengal.
    (AFP, 9/7/11)
2011        Sep 7, In India a powerful bomb hidden in a briefcase ripped through a crowd of people waiting to enter a New Delhi courthouse, killing 13 people and wounding 74 more in the deadliest attack in India's capital in nearly three years.
    (AP, 9/7/11)(AP, 9/8/11)(SFC, 9/9/11, p.A2)
2011        Sep 7, Israel’s Shin Bet security service said security forces have arrested Hamas militants accused in a March 23 bombing that killed British woman Mary Jean Gardner and wounded dozens of civilians. A Palestinian militant from the Islamic Jihad faction was killed by an explosion in a car in central Gaza. Another militant in the car was badly wounded. Islamic Jihad said the car was hit by an Israeli airstrike. The Israeli military denied involvement.
    (AP, 9/7/11)
2011        Sep 7, Kenya handed two-time world marathon champion Abel Kirui a three-rank promotion in the national administration police force in recognition for his stunning weekend victory at the world athletics championships in Daegu, South Korea.
    (AFP, 9/7/11)
2011        Sep 7, In Pakistan a pair of suicide bombers attacked a top army officer in the southwestern city of Quetta, missing him but killing his wife. At least 22 others died, including several guards, a senior officer and two children.
    (AP, 9/7/11)
2011        Sep 7, A Russian Yak-42 jet carrying the Lokomotiv Yaroslavl ice hockey team crashed while taking off near the city of Yaroslavl, killing 43 of 45 people. One of the 2 survivors died on Sep 12. Flight crew member Alexander Sizov remained in intensive care at Moscow's Sklifosovsky hospital. The Kontinental Hockey League included 24 teams from Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Latvia and Slovakia.
    (AP, 9/7/11)(AP, 9/10/11)(AP, 9/12/11)
2011        Sep 7, In Somalia the al-Shabab Islamist militia said they have captured two Kenyan soldiers near the country's shared border.
    (AP, 9/7/11)
2011        Sep 7, The UN humanitarian office said Sudan has denied it and other aid agencies access to Blue Nile state, where at least 50,000 people have been displaced by fighting that erupted last week. The armed forces clashed with remnants of Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) near Bau town in Blue Nile state, and reportedly inflicted heavy losses on them.
    (AFP, 9/7/11)
2011        Sep 7, In Syria a barrage of gunfire by security forces in Homs killed at least 29 people, wounded several others and left residents cowering in their homes. State-run news agency SANA said a "terrorist group" kidnapped two Baath party officials in Rastan. The embattled regime faced surprising calls to end the violence from its closest ally, Iran.
    (AP, 9/7/11)(AP, 9/8/11)(AFP, 9/8/11)
2011        Sep 7, Yemeni warplanes hunting down al-Qaida suspects struck southern Abyan province. Clashes in the south killed 8 soldiers, a teenager and at least 17 militants. The Defense Ministry said troops have recovered 14 bodies of militants killed in a successful military offensive on the southern village of Al-Kud.
    (AP, 9/7/11)(AP, 9/8/11)(SFC, 9/8/11, p.A2)

2011        Sep 8, President Barack Obama unveiled a larger-than-expected $450 billion plan to boost jobs and put cash in the pockets of dispirited Americans, urging Republican skeptics to embrace an approach heavy on the tax cuts they traditionally love.
    (AP, 9/8/11)
2011        Sep 8, The US government accused a powerful Venezuelan general, an intelligence official and two political allies of President Hugo Chavez of providing arms, security and training to Colombia's main rebel group. It barred Americans from doing business with them.
    (AP, 9/8/11)
2011        Sep 8, SF police arrested 20-30 protesters at the Powell Street BART station. The station was closed for 2 hours after officers determined that demonstrators were creating unsafe conditions there. Protesters hoped to force BART to disband its police force. 8-10 men in black hoodies smashed fare gates, card readers and ticket vending machines at the Glen Park Station.
    (SFC, 9/9/11, p.C1)(SFC, 9/10/11, p.C2)
2011        Sep 8, In Washington state hundreds of longshoremen stormed the Port of Longview, overpowered and held security guards, damaged railroad cars, and dumped grain that is the center of a labor dispute. The blockade appeared to defy a federal restraining order issued last week against the union after it was accused of assaults and death threats.
    (AP, 9/8/11)
2011        Sep 8, Tropical Storm Lee dumped heavy rain in the Northeast. The Susquehanna River and its tributaries in New York and Pennsylvania swamped thousands of homes. At least 15 deaths were blamed on the storm and its aftermath: 7 in Pennsylvania, 3 in Virginia, one in Maryland and 4 others when it came ashore on the Gulf Coast a week earlier.
    (SFC, 9/10/11, p.A6)
2011        Sep 8, A power blackout hit the southwest affecting 5 million people in Baja California, southern California, Arizona and parts of Sonora. It was caused by a utility worker making a routine repair in Yuma, Az. Most power was restored within 12 hours.
    (www.philly.com/philly/news/nation_world/129599288.html)
2011        Sep 8, In southern Afghanistan 2 NATO service members were killed by roadside bombs.
    (AP, 9/8/11)     
2011        Sep 8, In Algeria experts from some 40 African countries gathered at a conference on desertification. The 10th session of the decision-making body of the UN Convention to Combat Desertification opens in South Korea next month.
    (AFP, 9/8/11)
2011        Sep 8, British fashion icon John Galliano (50) was convicted of anti-Semitism for hurling abuse at bar patrons in Paris' Jewish quarter in a career-breaking outburst he has blamed on drink and drugs. In the French trial in July Galliano apologized for his conduct. He received suspended fines totaling 6,000-euro (£5,200, $8,400).
    (AFP, 9/8/11)
2011        Sep 8, Iraqi journalist Hadi al-Mehdi (30), was shot by gunmen using silenced pistols in his Baghdad home. He had criticized the government and helped organize pro-reform protests.
    (AP, 9/9/11)
2011        Sep 8, In Libya Moammar Gadhafi's loyalists fired at least 10 rockets from inside Bani Walid, one of his last strongholds, hours after the ousted leader urged his fighters to crush opponents he ridiculed as "germs, rats and scumbags." The barrage followed a close-quarters gunfight in the same area between a patrol of fighters and several loyalist youths in a civilian car. One of the Gadhafi gunmen was killed. NATO said overnight bombing targets included 5 armored vehicles near Sirte and 18 surface-to-air missile systems near the town of Waddan.
    (AP, 9/8/11)
2011        Sep 8, The Mexican Navy said it has dismantled a telecommunications system set up by the Zetas drug cartel in the Gulf coast state of Veracruz and arrested 80 people, including six police officers in a 26-day operation.
    (AP, 9/9/11)
2011        Sep 8, In Nigeria gunmen attacked Tsohon Foron village outside Jos, killing 12 people, including 7 children. Witnesses blamed the attack on regional Muslim Fulani herders.
    (AP, 9/9/11)(AP, 9/10/11)
2011        Sep 8, Palestinians officially launched their campaign to join the United Nations as a full member state, saying they would stage a series of peaceful events in the run-up to the annual gathering of the UN General Assembly later this month.
    (AP, 9/8/11)
2011        Sep 8, Thirteen Sudanese police officers were killed and 30 wounded in clashes with an armed gang as they tried to rescue three hostages in the war-torn Darfur region.
    (AFP, 9/9/11)
2011        Sep 8, Syrian security forces unleashed one of the deadliest military assaults on the rebellious city of Homs. Security forces stormed the northwestern village of Ibleen and killed three military defectors.
    (AP, 9/8/11)(AFP, 9/8/11)
2011        Sep 8, Yemeni medical officials said 2 civilians including a young girl were killed and 23 others wounded in air raids on Jaar, a southern town held by Islamist militants.
    (AFP, 9/8/11)

2011        Sep 9, Anglo Dutch Shell announced that it had discovered oil in deep waters around 150 km (90 miles) off the coast of French Guiana following a joint venture drilling project with venture energy partners Total, Tullow and Northpet.
    (AFP, 9/9/11)
2011        Sep 9, The British government said it would ban lawyers paying fees to people who refer accident victims to them, earning plaudits from insurers that say the practice has encouraged spurious claims and forced them to charge customers more.
    (Reuters, 9/9/11)
2011        Sep 9, A British judge sentenced Munir Farooqi (54), a former Taliban fighter, to life in prison for trying to recruit holy warriors for jihad in Afghanistan. Farooqi was arrested in a counterterrorism operation on Nov. 16, 2009 along with his 27-year-old son, Harris, and two other men Matthew Newton and Israr Malik. Farooqi's son was acquitted on one terror charge, while Newton was jailed for six years and Malik given an "Indeterminate Sentence for Public Protection," and told he must serve a minimum of five years before parole is considered.
    (AP, 9/9/11)
2011        Sep 9, China’s state news reported that over 14 million people were short of drinking water due to drought in the southwest. Large tracts of farmland were reported damaged.
    (SFC, 9/10/11, p.A2)
2011        Sep 9, In southern China 12 people, including 9 schoolchildren, died when a ferry carrying 50 people capsized in a river in Shaoyang city, Hunan province. The ferry, designed to carry 14, sank after it cut across dredging cables that appeared to then become wrapped around its propeller.
    (AFP, 9/10/11)(AFP, 9/11/11)
2011        Sep 9, In Egypt thousands demonstrated in Cairo's Tahrir Square against the pace of reform under the country's military rulers. Smaller crowds demonstrated in other Egyptian cities. Hundreds of protesters tore down a concrete security wall that authorities had recently erected outside the Israel embassy building. Young men battered the wall with sledgehammers, ripping off chunks with their bare hands. Protesters were able to get to the top of the building and pull down the Israeli flag, which they replaced with the Egyptian flag.
    (AP, 9/9/11)(AP, 9/10/11)
2011        Sep 9, In Indonesia the colorful 137-page comic "I Found the Meaning of Jihad," began appearing in bookstores authored by former al-Qaida-linked militant Nasir Abas (42).
    (AP, 9/9/11)
2011        Sep 9, In Kenya thieves broke into the offices of a Kenyan investigative magazine, the Nairobi Law Monthly, and stole computers containing information about government corruption.
    (AP, 9/10/11)
2011        Sep 9, In Libya revolutionary forces battled loyalists near the Gadhafi hometown of Sirte, but withdrew after heavy casualties. Gadhafi holdouts fired mortars and rockets from Bani Walid. Interpol said it has issued its top most-wanted alert for the arrest of Gadhafi, his son Seif al-Islam and the country's ex-chief of military intelligence, all sought by the International Criminal Court for alleged crimes against humanity. Niger Justice Minister Amadou Morou said that the Libyan chief of staff of the air force, his pilot and the commanders of two Libyan military regions have arrived in Niger.
    (AP, 9/9/11)(AP, 9/10/11)
2011        Sep 9, Malaysia’s Environment Minister Douglas Uggah Embas sent a letter to his Indonesian counterpart about hundreds of suspected fires on Sumatra island.
    (AFP, 9/10/11)
2011        Sep 9, The Mexican navy captured 13 gunmen in Veracruz, including a suspect in the killing of a marine. They were said to be members of the Zetas drug cartel.
    (AP, 9/13/11)
2011        Sep 9, Mexico's state oil company said it was searching for 10 workers from a Texas-based company who evacuated from a platform in the Gulf of Mexico ahead of Tropical Storm Nate. On Sep 11 seven of the 10 oil workers were found alive 51 miles (82 km) off the coast of the gulf state of Campeche.
    (AP, 9/9/11)(AP, 9/11/11)
2011        Sep 9, Niger forces arrested Colonel Abdoulaye Badie, the former number two in the junta that relinquished power in April. Senior military officer, Hamadou Djibo, was arrested two days later. The arrests were connected with a pamphlet which criticizes the way the army is run and has been recently circulating in Niamey.
    (AFP, 9/14/11)
2011        Sep 9, In Nigeria 13 people are thought to have been killed in overnight attacks near Jos, a city beset by ethnic and religious slayings.
    (AP, 9/10/11)
2011        Sep 9, In Sierra Leone violence broke out in the second largest city Bo when people pelted Julius Maada Bio of the Sierra Leone People's Party (SLPP), the main opposition presidential candidate with stones, hitting him on the head.
    (AFP, 9/10/11)
2011        Sep 9, A South African court jailed Robert McBride, a former city police chief and anti-apartheid militant, for five years over a drunken car crash that he tried to cover up.
    (AFP, 9/9/11)
2011        Sep 9, Swazi police fired teargas and beat back anti-government protesters with batons in the capital Mbabane, where 1,000 people marched for a 5th day after authorities failed to win a court order to stop them.
    (AFP, 9/9/11)
2011        Sep 9, Syria's opposition leaders said they expected more support from Russia after the Russian upper house of parliament's foreign affairs chief Mikhail Margelov met a visiting Syrian delegation that included National Organization for Human Rights in Syria head Ammar Qurabi. Syrian protesters appealed for int’l. help calling for observation missions and human rights monitors to help deter attacks on civilians
    (AFP, 9/9/11)(SFC, 9/10/11, p.A2)
2011        Sep 9, In northern Thailand 8 people were killed and two were missing after a mudslide engulfed several villages in the mountainous region of Uttaradit province.
    (AFP, 9/9/11)

2011        Sep 10, NASA launched 2 near identical probes, named Grail-A and Grail-B, aboard a relatively small Delta II rocket from Cape Canaveral, Fl. The pair rocketed toward the moon on the first mission dedicated to measuring lunar gravity and determining what's inside Earth's orbiting companion, all the way down to the core.
    (AP, 9/10/11)
2011        Sep 10, In Florida at least two gunmen armed with possible semi-automatic weapons opened fire outside a Palmetto nightclub early this morning, killing two people and injuring 22.
    (AP, 9/11/11)
2011        Sep 10, In Utah Alexis Rasmussen (16) went missing in North Ogden. She had been babysitting for Eric and Dea Millerburg, who have since been arrested on drug-related charges. Rasmussen’s body was found on Oct 18 in a shallow grave in North Ogden.
    (SSFC, 10/23/11, p.A11)(http://tinyurl.com/3lsozqn)
2011        Sep 10, In eastern Afghanistan 77 American soldiers were wounded and five Afghans civilians were killed in a Taliban suicide truck bombing targeting  Combat Outpost Sayed Abad in Wardak province.
    (AP, 9/11/11)
2011        Sep 10, The World Bank and several other international lenders promised more money to encourage democratic reforms in Arab countries, nearly doubling a previous pledge to $38 billion.
    (AP, 9/10/11)
2011        Sep 10, Honduras Security Minister Oscar Alvarez resigned, saying he lacked economic support for his efforts and had been stepping on the toes of powerful interests. The government of President Porfirio Lobo also accepted the resignation of Foreign Minister Mario Canahuati. The moves marked the biggest shake-ups so far in Lobo's nearly two-year administration.
    (AP, 9/10/11)
2011        Sep 10, Iran hanged 2 convicted drug traffickers in a prison in the northern city of Sari. The latest hangings bring to 186 the number of executions reported in Iran so far this year.
    (AFP, 9/10/11)
2011        Sep 10, In Iraq gunmen attacked an army patrol, opening fire from speeding cars in the Bab al-Muadham area of Baghdad. 3 soldiers were killed in the attack.
    (AP, 9/10/11)
2011        Sep 10, Israel’s ambassador to Egypt and the entire embassy staff except for one deputy ambassador were evacuated along with their families in the face of the overnight rampage at the Nile-side embassy in Cairo. The Health Ministry said three people were killed and more than 1,000 people hurt during the street clashes between the protesters and police outside the embassy.
    (AP, 9/10/11)
2011        Sep 10, Leaders of Ivory Coast and Liberia were joined by counterparts from West Africa for talks on security along the border between their two countries after a bloody post-poll crisis. Presidents Alassane Ouattara and Ellen Johnson Sirleaf were joined by Blaise Compaore of Burkina Faso, Abdoulaye Wade of Senegal, John Atta Mills of Ghana and Nigerian summit host Goodluck Jonathan, under the aegis of regional bloc ECOWAS.
    (AFP, 9/10/11)
2011        Sep 10, Japan's new trade minister, Yoshio Hachiro, resigned over a remark seen as insensitive to nuclear evacuees, dealing a blow to a government that took office just eight days ago in the hopes it could better tackle the daunting tsunami recovery.
    (AP, 9/10/11)
2011        Sep 10, Libyan fighters battled with Moammar Gadhafi loyalists as more volunteers poured in from Tripoli and other towns held by the former rebels to join what they expect to be the final battle for Bani Walid. Fighters launched a widespread assault on Bani Walid but then withdrew for "tactical reasons."
    (AP, 9/10/11)(AFP, 9/10/11)
2011        Sep 10, The International Monetary Fund said it now recognizes the transitional government in Libya, paving the way for the fledgling administration to benefit from the IMF's financial help.
    (AFP, 9/10/11)
2011        Sep 10, Mexican marines in Tampico captured Manuel Alquisires Garcia, the Gulf Cartel's alleged finance officer. Alquisires, aka "El Meme," was originally arrested in June 1998 along with Osiel Cardenas Guillen. Alquisires had escaped from a prison in Matamoros in 2002.   
    (AP, 9/13/11)
2011        Sep 10, In Nigeria four policemen on illegal duty at a burial ceremony started shooting, killing three people among the mourners. The officers were suspected of being drunk.
    (AFP, 9/12/11)
2011        Sep 10, In Paraguay Sabino Montanaro (89), a former interior minister known as the "cruel right hand" of the late dictator Alfredo Stroessner, died at his home in Asuncion.
    (AP, 9/11/11)
2011        Sep 10, Swedish police arrested four people on suspicion of preparing a terror attack and evacuated an arts center in Goteborg, Sweden's second largest city on the eve of the 9/11 anniversary. In December three of the suspects, of Somali and Iraqi origin, were charged with plotting to stab to death artist Lars Vilks for depicting the Prophet Muhammad as a dog in 2007. On Jan 20, 2012, a Swedish court acquitted three men accused of plotting to murder Vilks.
    (AP, 9/11/11)(AP, 12/6/11)(AP, 1/20/12)
2011        Sep 10, Syria's President Bashar Assad and Arab League head Nabil Elaraby held talks in Damascus. Investigators at the so-called 'Polish' prison in Homs severely beat rights campaigner Najati Tayar (66).
    (AP, 9/10/11)(AFP, 9/11/11)
2011        Sep 10, The Tanzania ferry, M.V. Spice Islanders, overcrowded and carrying over 800 people sank in deep sea between the mainland and Pemba Island, leaving at least 240 people dead. Some 600 people were rescued.
    (AP, 9/10/11)(AP, 9/11/11)

2011        Sep 11, In Colorado a routine traffic stop led to the discovery of 220 pounds of cocaine with a street value of $10 million in the rental car of a California couple. Mark Bailey (37) and Lisa Calderon (35), both of Sylmar, Ca., were arrested in Pueblo on suspicion of cocaine possession.
    (Reuters, 9/12/11)
2011        Sep 11, In NYC the 9/11 memorial “Reflecting Absence" opened with two pools in the footprint of the 2001 fallen twin towers of the World Trade Center.
    (Econ, 9/3/11, p.27)
2011        Sep 11, In Massachusetts Adam Hall (34), a senior member of a local Hells Angels chapter, was charged with the murders of three men, including a key witness scheduled to testify against him. The charges were announced a day after a two-week search for three Pittsfield men ended with the recovery of their bodies in the western part of the state. The men had disappeared on Aug 28 under suspicious circumstances.
    (Reuters, 9/12/11)
2011        Sep 11, In Massachusetts Brendan Mess (25), Raffael Teken (37) and Eric Weissman (31) had their throats slit and their bodies were left with cash and marijuana placed on top of them. Authorites later said Tamerlan Tsarnaev participated in the killing, based on information provided by his friend Ibragim Todashev. Tsarnaev was killed by police in the aftermath of the April 15, 2013, Boston Marathon bombing. In May, 2013, Todashev was shot to death during questioning by FBI and Florida state police. He was shot 7 times, once in the head.
    (ABCNews, 5/22/13)(SFC, 10/24/13, p.A8)
2011        Sep 11, It was reported that 14,000 rounds of ammunition has gone missing at Fort Bragg Army base in Fayetteville, North Carolina.
    (SSFC, 9/11/11, p.A8)
2011        Sep 11, In Australia Andy Whitfield (39), who played the title role in the hit cable series "Spartacus: Blood and Sand" (2010), died in Sydney of lymphoma cancer.
    (AP, 9/12/11)
2011        Sep 11, British police said they have freed 24 men believed to have been held against their will, some for more than a decade. Four men and a woman were arrested under a slavery act introduced last year after the operation involving more than 200 police officers.
    (AP, 9/11/11)(Reuters, 9/12/11)
2011        Sep 11, In the Central African Republic clashes between rival armed groups erupted in the central town of Bria, the country's main diamond mining hub.
    (AFP, 9/22/11)
2011        Sep 11, Chileans commemorated the 38th anniversary of a military coup. Police arrested 280 people and 45 people were injured, including a teenager who is in critical condition with a bullet in his chest.
    (AP, 9/13/11)
2011        Sep 11, Egypt's vice president reached out to the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood and other opposition groups as part of a new offer of sweeping concessions including press freedom and an eventual end to hated emergency laws.
    (AP, 9/11/11)
2011        Sep 11, Greece said it would impose a new property tax on top of existing austerity measures to compensate for a revenue shortfall threatening to disrupt its int’l bailout program.
    (SFC, 9/12/11, p.A2)
2011        Sep 11, Guatemala held presidential elections. Otto Perez Molina, a former military general who softened his image as the "iron fist" to promote social programs and democracy, appeared to be the leading candidate. Preliminary results showed Otto Perez Molina of the Patriot Party with 36 percent support, followed by businessman Manuel Baldizon with 24 percent and Eduardo Suger with 16 percent. Molina and Baldizon faced a November runoff.
    (AP, 9/11/11)(AP, 9/13/11)
2011        Sep 11, In eastern Indonesia clashes between Muslim and Christian gangs left 5 people dead and more than a dozen injured in Ambon, Maluku province.
    (AP, 9/11/11)(AP, 9/12/11)
2011        Sep 11, Iran media reported that several Iranian banks have been targeted in one of the biggest frauds in the Islamic republic's history, losing nearly $2.6 billion in more than two years. Iran hanged a convicted drug trafficker in prison in the northwestern city of Meshkinshahr, bringing to 187 the number of executions reported in Iran so far this year.
    (AFP, 9/11/11)
2011        Sep 11, Iraq's autonomous Kurdistan region halted crude exports, nearly a week after it rejected a new oil and gas law approved by the central government.
    (AFP, 9/11/11)
2011        Sep 11, Kenya police said armed men killed a British man and kidnapped his wife from a beach resort in the north near the border with lawless Somalia. Publishing executive David Tebbutt (58) was killed his wife Judith (56) was taken hostage. On Sep 19 Kenyan Ali Babitu Kololo was charged with robbery with violence and kidnapping with intention to murder in the northern coastal town of Lamu. On Sep 21 Issa Sheikh Said was also charged with robbery with violence and kidnapping with intention to murder. On July 29, 2013, Kololo was sentenced to death.
    (AP, 9/11/11)(Reuters, 9/19/11)(AP, 9/21/11)(Reuters, 7/30/13)
2011        Sep 11, Kuwaiti youth activists called for major reforms to turn the oil-rich emirate into a constitutional monarchy, including the appointment of a premier from outside the Al-Sabah ruling family.
    (AFP, 9/11/11)
2011        Sep 11, In Libya NATO warplanes struck several targets in areas still loyal to fugitive leader Moammar Gadhafi. At least 12 people were killed and 16 wounded when a brigade from Gharyan and Kikla came under fire at the western town of Asabah. Many people in Asabah were Kadhafi supporters. 20 of his fighters were reported captured during the fighting. Anti-Gadhafi forces in Tripoli captured the former head of the regime's external intelligence service, Abu Zayd Dourda. Rebel fighters pushed back into Bani Walid. A convoy carrying al-Saadi Gadhafi (37), son of ousted leader Moammar Gadhafi, crossed into neighboring Niger.
    (AP, 9/11/11)(AFP, 9/11/11)
2011        Sep 11, Norway began 2-day local elections. The ruling Labor Party won its best local election result in more than two decades and the anti-immigrant Progress Party plummeted in support two months after attacks by a right-wing fanatic killed 77 people.
    (AP, 9/13/11)
2011        Sep 11, Pakistani intelligence officials said a suspected US missile strike killed three people in an al-Qaida and Taliban safe haven in North Waziristan.
    (AP, 9/11/11)
2011        Sep 11, Philippine army troops killed three gunmen allied with the al-Qaida-affiliated Abu Sayyaf group in a clash that also wounded a soldier on southern Basilan island.
    (AP, 9/11/11)
2011        Sep 11, In Yemen 2 soldiers were killed and 4 wounded by a roadside bomb blast during a battle for control of Zinjibar.
    (SFC, 9/12/11, p.A2)

2011        Sep 12, Human Rights Watch (HRW) published a report saying the Afghan police force, funded and supported by the United States, is getting away with serious abuses including rape and murder.
    (AFP, 9/12/11)
2011        Sep 12, Algeria passed sweeping media reforms, ending a state monopoly on the broadcast sector and the imprisonment of journalists for libel. No timetable was announced, however, putting on hold any new television or radio stations for now.
    (AP, 9/13/11)
2011        Sep 12, In the Central African Republic two days of fighting between the rebel Convention of Patriots for Justice and Peace (CPJP) and former militants of the Union of Democratic Forces for Unity (UFDR) left at least 12 people dead.
    (AFP, 9/13/11)
2011        Sep 12, In southern France the Centraco nuclear waste site had an explosion that killed one person, seriously burned another and slightly injured three others. Centraco is located on the 300-hectare Marcoule site, which also houses a research center and four industrial sites, including one that makes Mox, a fuel made from plutonium and uranium.
    (AP, 9/12/11)
2011        Sep 12, Indian officials said at least 23 children who received blood transfusions have tested positive for HIV, as authorities launched an investigation into a government hospital.
    (AFP, 9/12/11)
2011        Sep 12, Indian officials said heavy rains and flooding have killed 16 people in Orissa state leaving nearly 100,000 others homeless.
    (SFC, 9/13/11, p.A2)
2011        Sep 12, Iran media said state regulators have blocked the assets a mega-tycoon Amir-Mansour Aria, accused of masterminding a $2.6 billion bank fraud. Last week Bank Saderat, revealed it uncovered the alleged fraud in early August and informed security and judicial authorities. The newspaper Kayhan, which often reflects the views of Iran's ruling clerics, said Aria had links with Ahmadinejad's top ally, Esfandiar Rahim Mashaei. Iran hanged five convicted drug traffickers jailed in the central city of Shahroud.
    (AP, 9/12/11)(AFP, 9/12/11)
2011        Sep 12, Iraq's former anti-corruption chief, Rahim Hassan al-Uqailee (44), slammed the nation’s leaders, describing graft as "part of the struggle for power" in what international monitors say is one of the world's most corrupt countries. 22 Shiite pilgrims were executed by gunmen who hijacked their bus at a fake checkpoint in Anbar province.
    (AFP, 9/12/11)(AP, 9/13/11)
2011        Sep 12, In Italy an explosion at a fireworks factory in Arpino killed 6 people.
    (SFC, 9/13/11, p.A2)
2011        Sep 12, In Kenya a leaking gasoline pipeline in Nairobi exploded, turning part of a slum into an inferno. At least 95 people were killed and more than 100 hurt.
    (AP, 9/12/11)(AFP, 9/13/11)(AP, 9/14/11)
2011        Sep 12, Kurdish rebels attacked a police station and a paramilitary police headquarters near Turkey’s border with Iraq killing 5 people including 3 civilians.
    (SFC, 9/13/11, p.A2)
2011        Sep 12, In Libya suspected Moammar Gadhafi's loyalists staged twin attacks at the key Ras Lanuf oil refinery in possibly coordinated strikes that suggest revolutionary forces still face resistance in areas under their control. At least 15 attackers were killed. Rebels captured most of the northern half of Bani Walid.
    (AP, 9/12/11)
2011        Sep 12, A Mali government source said that 4 people were killed in the desert between Mali and Algeria in a clash between the rival gangs, who did not agree on how to share the spoils from ferrying a ton of cocaine and hashish through the desert.
    (AFP, 9/14/11)
2011        Sep 12, Mexican police arrested Oscar Osvaldo Garcia Montoya (36) overnight. He was the suspected leader of a brutal drug gang called The Hand with Eyes and has confessed to helping carry out or ordering more than 600 murders.
    (SSFC, 9/18/11, p.A4)
2011        Sep 12, In Mozambique a group of 15 Ethiopian athletes, after competing at the 10th All Africa Games, went missing and left some of their possessions in the athletes' village outside the capital Maputo.
    (AFP, 9/15/11)
2011        Sep 12, In northern Nigeria gunmen firing assault rifles bombed a police station and robbed a nearby bank, killing at least five people in Misau, Bauchi state. Members of Boko Haram, a radical Muslim sect shot, and killed four people at a beer parlor in Maiduguri.
    (AP, 9/12/11)(AP, 9/13/11)
2011        Sep 12, Pakistani officials said 209 people have been killed by recent devastating rains, as the country still struggled to rebuild after last year's worst floods in living memory.
    (AP, 9/12/11)
2011        Sep 12, A South African judge said Julius Malema (30), the black man who leads the youth wing of the governing party, has no right to sing "Shoot the Boer," a song some whites find offensive. The next day the ANC said it would appeal the decision.
    (AP, 9/12/11)(AFP, 9/14/11)
2011        Sep 12, In Syria raids around Hama began after security forces cut all roads leading to the area along with electricity and telephone lines. Security forces shot dead 17 people and arrested more than 60 around Hama. 3 others were reported killed in Douma and Al Rastan. Russia’s President Dmitry Medvedev defended the Russian position for “open direct talks" in talks in Moscow with British PM David Cameron even as the Syrian security forces pressed their deadly crackdown on dissent.
    (AP, 9/12/11)(AFP, 9/13/11)
2011        Sep 12, The Thai government announced a new campaign against illegal drugs but said it will not repeat the mistakes of an earlier push in 2003 when at least 2,300 accused dealers were killed.
    (AP, 9/13/11)
2011        Sep 12, Thai PM Yingluck Shinawatra, in her fist state visit to Indonesia, vowed to improve economic cooperation with Indonesia, particularly in the agriculture, energy and tourism sectors.
    (AFP, 9/12/11)
2011        Sep 12, In Vietnam Truong Van Suong (68), a political prisoner, died in Ha Nam province outside Hanoi after more than three decades in detention.
    (AP, 9/13/11)
2011        Sep 12, Yemeni state news said Pres. Saleh has authorized his deputy to negotiate a transfer of power with the opposition to put an end to a months-long political crisis. However, Saleh retained the right to reject the deal. 4 tribesmen were killed in clashes in Arhab between tribal fighters opposed to President Saleh and an elite military unit loyal to him.
    (AFP, 9/12/11)(AP, 9/13/11)(AFP, 9/13/11)

2011        Sep 13, A federal order for one of the nation's largest American Indian tribes to restore voting rights and benefits to about 2,800 descendants of members' former slaves threw plans for a special election for a new Cherokee Nation chief into turmoil. The tribe said that it would not be dictated to by the US government over its move to banish African Americans from its citizenship rolls.
    (AP, 9/13/11)(Reuters, 9/13/11)
2011        Sep 13, The Census Bureau released its annual report. It said that the ranks of America's poor swelled to almost 1 in 6 people last year, reaching a new high as long-term unemployment left millions of Americans struggling and out of work. The number of uninsured edged up to 49.9 million, the biggest in more than two decades. A 2010 income of  $11,139 defined the poverty level for an individual or $22,314 for a family of four.
    (AP, 9/13/11)(Econ, 9/17/11, p.29)
2011        Sep 13, An online 200-page paper by Project CLAMER, a collaboration of 17 European marine institutes, said the rising temperature of ocean water is causing a proliferation of the Vibrio genus of bacteria, which can cause food poisoning, serious gastroenteritis, septicemia and cholera.
    (AP, 9/14/11)
2011        Sep 13, In Afghanistan Taliban gunmen with suicide bombs and heavy weaponry launched coordinated attacks in Kabul targeting NATO's headquarters and the US embassy, killing at least six people.
    (AFP, 9/13/11)
2011        Sep 13, Former Argentine President Carlos Menem (81) and 17 members of his government were acquitted of charges that they violated international weapons embargoes on Ecuador and Croatia in the 1990s.
    (AP, 9/13/11)
2011        Sep 13, In Argentina 11 people were killed and over 200 injured in Buenos Aires in a rush-hour crash involving two passenger trains and a bus whose driver who drove around barriers in an attempt to beat them across the tracks.
    (AP, 9/13/11)(AP, 9/14/11)
2011        Sep 13, Australian lawmaker Nick Xenophon named Catholic priest Monsignor Ian Dempsey as having allegedly raped Anglican Archbishop John Hepworth in violent attacks dating back about 50 years.
    (AFP, 9/13/11)
2011        Sep 13, In Austria a 35-nation meeting of the UN nuclear agency adopted a post-Fukushima nuclear safety plan, despite gripes by influential member nations that it to too timid for making compliance voluntary.
    (AP, 9/13/11)
2011        Sep 13, Benin President Thomas Boni Yayi held talks in China with his counterpart Hu Jintao on further Chinese investment in the West African nation.
    (AFP, 9/14/11)
2011        Sep 13, Westfield Stratford City, Europe's biggest urban shopping center, opened in a deprived area of east London where it will act as the gateway to the 2012 Olympics.
    (AFP, 9/13/11)
2011        Sep 13, British pop art pioneer Richard Hamilton (b.1922) died. His work ranged from images of consumer culture to parodies of political leaders. One of his best-known works was the plain white cover for the Beatles’ "White Album" of 1968.
    (AFP, 9/14/11)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_Hamilton_%28artist%29)
2011        Sep 13, China held trials in Kashgar and Hotan and convicted 6 Uighur men of being behind the summer bloodshed in the Xinjiang region that left dozens. 4 men were sentenced to death and 2 were given 19-year prison sentences.
    (SFC, 9/16/11, p.A7)
2011        Sep 13, In Germany Nuremberg prosecutors said they have charged a 69-year-old man with 497 counts of rape over allegations that he abused his daughter for 34 years and fathered three sons by her.
    (AP, 9/13/11)
2011        Sep 13, An Iranian court set bail of $500,000 each for two American men, Shane Bauer and Josh Fattal, arrested more than two years ago and convicted on spy-related charges, clearing the way for their release a year after a similar bail-for-freedom arrangement for the third member of the group. Iran hanged five people, three of them for drug trafficking and two in public for murder.
    (AP, 9/13/11)(AFP, 9/13/11)
2011        Sep 13, In Indian-administered Kashmir at least 22 people were killed and 18 others injured when an overcrowded passenger minibus plunged into a deep gorge.
    (AFP, 9/13/11)
2011        Sep 13, In Liberia 11 people were killed after an ambulance crashed into a crowd in Vonzula, who had been waiting all day to see a visiting presidential candidate.
    (AP, 9/14/11)
2011        Sep 13, In Libya NATO warplanes pounded targets in a number of strongholds of support for fugitive dictator Moammar Gadhafi, as an offensive by revolutionary forces on Bani Walid, a key loyalist town, stalled.
    (AP, 9/13/11)
2011        Sep 13, In Mexico placards were left with two disemboweled bodies of a man and a woman in Nuevo Laredo. They warned that the same fate awaits others who send information on social media regarding gang activity.
    (SFC, 9/16/11, p.A6)(Econ, 9/24/11, p.38)
2011        Sep 13, Myanmar said it has released about 20,000 prisoners this year as of the end of July under an amnesty program.
    (AFP, 9/13/11)
2011        Sep 13, In Nigeria suspected members of the Boko Haram radical Muslim sect attacked an army patrol in Maiduguri, wounding four soldiers. The soldiers later arrested 15 people on suspicion of being sect members, with some of them carrying weapons and ammunition.
    (AP, 9/14/11)
2011        Sep 13, In Nigeria Kindreck Dion Lee (34), one of Britain's most wanted drug and firearm suspects, was arrested in Lagos. He was wanted for his alleged involvement in bringing cocaine, cannabis, firearms and ammunition into the country from Amsterdam.
    (AFP, 9/16/11)
2011        Sep 13, Nine North Koreans who spent five days at sea in a small wooden boat were towed to a Japanese port after they were spotted off the coast of central Japan.
    (AP, 9/13/11)
2011        Sep 13, In northwestern Pakistan Taliban gunmen attacked a school van on the outskirts of Peshawar, killing four children and the driver in an assault they said was carried out to punish local Matani tribesman for resisting the insurgent movement.
    (AP, 9/13/11)
2011        Sep 13, In Puerto Rico a 14-year-old girl went on a playground rampage with a hypodermic needle, stabbing 37 classmates in the southern coastal town of Arroyo. On Dec 2 she was sentenced to two years of probation.
    (AP, 9/15/11)(AP, 12/2/11)
2011        Sep 13, Romania signed a deal to host a crucial part of a US missile defense system. Romania's President Traian Basescu announced the deal after meeting with President Obama in Washington. Under NATO plans, a limited system of US anti-missile interceptors and radars planned for Europe include interceptors in Romania and Poland as well as radar in Turkey.
    (AP, 9/14/11)
2011        Sep 13, A Sri Lankan minister led a protest march that forced organizers to abandon an annual Hindu sacrifice ritual in which hundreds of goats were due to slaughtered. The grisly ritual, in which goats are decapitated in public using a large hatchet, was first banned in the 1980s but was revived as locals believe the animals' blood grants favors from the gods.
    (AFP, 9/13/11)
2011        Sep 13, Syrian security forces riding in vehicles mounted with machine-guns raided neighborhoods outside the capital, Damascus, before dawn as Turkey's PM Erdogan said he was concerned Syria could descend into a sectarian civil war. Pro-democracy activists called a "day of anger" across Syria to protest against Russia's backing for President Bashar al-Assad. More than 20 people were reported killed throughout Syria. Syrian troops fired tear gas at a gathering of mourners just hours after U.S. Ambassador Robert Ford and other Western diplomats expressed their condolences to the family of a rights advocate killed last week.
    (AP, 9/13/11)(AFP, 9/13/11)(AP, 9/14/11)
2011        Sep 13, Taiwan's Defense Ministry searched for three pilots aboard two reconnaissance F-5 aircraft which crashed on a training flight. The remains of the three pilots were recovered from a mountain crash site.
    (AP, 9/13/11)(www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-pacific-14913785)
2011        Sep 13, A Thailand court ordered the military to stop labeling transgender people as being mentally ill in a decision praised by activists.
    (AP, 9/13/11)
2011        Sep 13, Hundreds of thousands of Yemenis poured into the streets of major cities and towns across the country to protest the latest attempt by their embattled president to evade pressure to step down. 5 tribesmen were killed in clashes between tribal fighters in Arhab opposed to President Saleh and an elite military unit loyal to him.
    (AP, 9/13/11)(AFP, 9/13/11)

2011        Sep 14, In Oakland, Ca, SAP AG’s former TomorrowNow software maintenance unit pleaded guilty to charges related to unauthorized downloading of Oracle Corp. software and agreed to pay a $20 million penalty.
    (SFC, 9/15/11, p.A9)
2011        Sep 14, The World Health Organization issued a report saying cases of tuberculosis resistant to a multitude of drug treatments are rising at an alarming rate across Europe.
    (SFC, 9/15/11, p.A5)
2011        Sep 14, In Afghanistan a 20-hour insurgent assault in Kabul ended leaving 27 dead, including police, civilians and insurgents. The Insurgents had fired rockets into the US Embassy compound from a nearby unfinished high-rise where they may have stored heavy weapons ahead of time. 4 other attackers served as suicide bombers in coordinated attacks in several areas of Kabul. 3 of them were killed by police before they could detonate their explosives.
    (AP, 9/14/11)
2011        Sep 14, An Angolan air force plane crashed as it took off from a central base, killing 30 people including three generals. Six people survived the fiery crash in Huambo province.
    (AP, 9/14/11)
2011        Sep 14, In Bahrain Sayyed Jawad Ahmed (35) died after inhaling tear gas the previous evening fired at protesters.
    (AP, 9/15/11)
2011        Sep 14, Armed pirates raided a tanker off the West African coast and kidnapped 23 sailors, 62 nautical miles from Benin's capital of Cotonou, as the Cyprus-flagged vessel tried to transfer its cargo of crude oil to a Norwegian-registered ship. Analysts believed many of the pirates come from Nigeria, where corrupt law enforcement allows criminality to thrive. The tanker and crew were released on Oct 24 after the oil was unloaded.
    (AP, 9/14/11)(AP, 9/24/11)
2011        Sep 14, Brazil's tourism minister, Pedro Novais, resigned amid allegations of misusing public funds. He became the fifth minister to resign since June. The newspaper Folha de S. Paulo ran articles accusing the minister of allowing his wife to use a government driver for errands. He was also accused of using congressional funds to pay for a maid.
    (AP, 9/14/11)
2011        Sep 14, Colombia's Supreme Court convicted Jorge Noguera (47), a former director of the country's domestic intelligence agency, for colluding with illegal far-right militias and sentenced him to 25 years in prison. He was chief of the Administrative Department of Security (DAS) under then-President Alvaro Uribe from 2002 to 2005.
    (AP, 9/14/11)
2011        Sep 14, Ethiopian authorities arrested four opposition members suspected of plotting attacks on state security. Prominent opposition leader Andualem Arage  was among those arrested. Independent journalists Sileshi Hagos and Eskinder Nega were also reported arrested, joining 4 others detained under terrorism laws.
    (AFP, 9/15/11)(AP, 9/17/11)
2011        Sep 14, In France Dominique de Villepin, former chief of staff for former Pres. Jacques Chirac, was acquitted on appeal in the “Clearstream" trial (see July 2004).
    (Econ, 9/17/11, p.50)
2011        Sep 14, In Haiti protesters calling for the withdrawal of UN peacekeepers clashed with police outside the earthquake-damaged Haitian National Palace.
    (AP, 9/14/11)
2011        Sep 14, In Iraq attacks on Iraqi security forces killed over 20 people and wounded more than 50 across the country. This included 16 people killed and 46 wounded by a car bomb in the southern town of al-Shumali, Babel province.
    (AP, 9/14/11)(SFC, 9/15/11, p.A3)
2011        Sep 14, Japanese researchers from Hitachi working with university scientists unveiled a headset they say can measure activity in the brain and could be used to improve performance in the classroom or on the sports field.
    (AFP, 9/14/11)
2011        Sep 14, Kenya police said two women and 15 men have died since Sep 11 in different bars in Nyahururu town after ingesting a locally brewed alcoholic drink. 9 people were reported arrested in connection with the mass poisoning.
    (AP, 9/14/11)
2011        Sep 14, In Libya NATO airstrikes hit targets 24 targets near the three main strongholds of Gadhafi's supporters, his hometown of Sirte, Bani Walid, Sabha, as well as the smaller holdouts of Waddan and Zillah.
    (AP, 9/15/11)
2011        Sep 14, In Mexico 4 gunmen were killed by police in a shootout that led to the release of five kidnapping victims in the western state of Michoacan.
    (AP, 9/14/11)
2011        Sep 14, In Nigeria members of the radical Muslim Boko Haram sect killed three people and wounded two others in a shooting in Maiduguri.
    (AP, 9/15/11)
2011        Sep 14, Jose Oquendo Reyes became the second Peruvian journalist to be slain this month and the third this year. Oquendo was shot to death in Chincha, a coastal town 120 miles (200 km) south of Lima. A suspect was arrested.
    (AP, 9/16/11)
2011        Sep 14, Somalia's PM Abdiweli Mohamed Ali pleaded with the UN Security Council to send more peacekeepers to help his beleaguered government fight Islamist militants.
    (AFP, 9/14/11)
2011        Sep 14, Syrian troops conducted raids in the northwestern province of Idlib and the central region of Homs. Security forces shot dead eight people, including a child, in a huge sweep on against anti-regime protesters in the northwest.
    (AP, 9/14/11)(AFP, 9/15/11)
2011        Sep 14, Turkey’s foreign ministry announced that an early warning radar will be stationed in Kurecik in the southeast as part of NATO's missile defense system.
    (AP, 9/14/11)
2011        Sep 14, In Uganda Edris Nsubuga and Muhamoud Mugisha were convicted of terrorism a day after they admitted to charges of terrorism and conspiracy for their roles in the July 11, 2010, bombing in Kampala that left 76 people dead. 12 others remained on trial. On Sep 16 Nsubuga was sentenced to 25 years in prison. Mugisha was sentenced to 5 years.
    (AFP, 9/14/11)(AP, 9/16/11)
2011        Sep 14, In Yemen one civilian was killed and five were wounded in three explosions near police stations in the southern port city of Aden. Overnight clashes between government forces and Al-Qaida militants left 14 dead including 12 militants.
    (AP, 9/15/11)(SFC, 9/15/11, p.A2)

2011        Sep 15, The US Supreme Court issued a stay for Duane Buck (48) who had been scheduled to be put to death at 6 p.m. local time in Huntsville, Texas, for a pair of shotgun murders on July 30, 1995. Buck was convicted in 1997 of capital murder in connection with the deaths of his former girlfriend, Debra Gardner, and Kenneth Butler, who were shot to death with a shotgun at her Houston home. Lawyers for Buck had appealed to the Supreme Court and said he had been unfairly sentenced because a psychologist testified that black men were more likely than other races to be repeat offenders after their release from prison.
    (Reuters, 9/16/11)
2011        Sep 15, In North Carolina Elisa Baker pleaded guilty to second-degree murder in the death of her 10-year-old stepdaughter, a cancer survivor whose prosthetic leg and other remains were found scattered at several sites. Zahra Baker, a freckled Australian native was reported missing last October in the small town of Hickory. Elisa accused Adam Baker, her husband and the girl's father, of dismembering Zahra.
    (AP, 9/15/11)
2011        Sep 15, Australia’s government said Australian passports will now have three gender options: male, female and indeterminate, under new guidelines to remove discrimination against transgender and intersex people.
    (AP, 9/15/11)
2011        Sep 15, In Bolivia Esther Rodriguez Roy (30) of Spain died when seven of 97 capsules filled with drugs burst inside her.
    (AP, 9/16/11)
2011        Sep 15, Brazil’s Finance Minister Guido Mantega announced a 30% tax increase on cars with less than 65% local content.
    (www.economist.com/node/21530144)
2011        Sep 15, British PM David Cameron and French President Nicolas Sarkozy gave Libya's new rulers strong support during a landmark visit to Tripoli, vowing to release billions of dollars more in frozen assets and to push ahead with NATO strikes against Gadhafi's last strongholds. 11 fighters were killed and 34 wounded in a first assault on Sirte launched before sunset.
    (AP, 9/15/11)(AFP, 9/16/11)
2011        Sep 15, British police arrested Kweku Adoboli (31) in London after the rogue trader at Swiss bank UBS lost an estimated $2.3 billion in unauthorized trades. On Sep 24 UBS announced the resignation of CEO Oswald Gruebel.
    (AFP, 9/15/11)(AFP, 9/16/11)(SSFC, 9/25/11, p.A15)
2011        Sep 15, British scientists reported that fluctuating levels of the brain chemical serotonin, often brought on when someone hasn't eaten or is stressed, affect brain regions that enable people to regulate anger.
    (Reuters, 9/15/11)
2011        Sep 15, In Britain’s south Wales a mine flooded at the Gleision Colliery near Swansea. 4 miners died after being trapped by the flooding.
    (AFP, 9/16/11)
2011        Sep 15, Danish voters appeared set to elect their first female prime minister and end 10 years of pro-market reforms and a hardening of immigration laws. Polls predicted a majority in the 179-seat Parliament for the left-leaning opposition led by Social Democratic leader Helle Thorning-Schmidt.
    (AP, 9/15/11)
2011        Sep 15, In Egypt steel magnate Ahmed Ezz, once a leading figure in the former ruling party, was sentenced along with former government official Amr Assal. The two were fined a total of $110 million dollars. Former Trade Minister Rachid Mohammed Rachid, who remains at large, was sentenced to 15 years in jail and ordered to pay a 237 million dollar fine for approving production licenses to Ezz without auctioning them publicly first.
    (AP, 9/15/11)
2011        Sep 15, Iraq’s anti-graft watchdog published a statement, made public on Sep 17, saying Iraq has recovered $116 million from bank accounts in France belonging to an official from ex-dictator Saddam Hussein's regime.
    (AFP, 9/17/11)
2011        Sep 15, In the Ivory Coast armed men from Liberia began attacking villagers. They killed at least 23 people in days of attacks before retreating across the border.
    (AP, 9/17/11)(AP, 9/19/11)
2011        Sep 15, The IMF said it has agreed in principle to give Ivory Coast a $600-million loan to help revive its economy devastated by recent post-election violence.
    (AFP, 9/15/11)
2011        Sep 15, Japan's Fisheries Agency said that its fleet has harvested 49 minke, 95 sei and 50 Bryde's whales and one sperm whale during its three-month Pacific expedition.
    (AP, 9/15/11)
2011        Sep 15, An army patrol in Niger attacked a four-car convoy carrying suspected al-Qaida-linked militants, killing three of them and leading to the liberation of more than four dozen youths that had been forcibly recruited by the extremist group. On Oct 1 officials said 59 suspected followers of Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM), arrested on Sep 16, were simply migrants, admitting a blunder by troops who killed their driver. The magazine Air-Info, published in Agadez, said there were two separate incidents.
    (AP, 9/15/11)(AFP, 10/1/11)
2011        Sep 15, Former Nigerian President Olusegun Obasanjo spoke with the family of late Boko Haram leader Mohammed Yusuf for two hours in the northeast city of Maiduguri. Relatives said current attacks represented revenge against the government for Yusuf's death and the killing of two other leaders during the 2009 uprising. Relatives also said they have representatives in Chad, Niger and Cameroon.
    (AP, 9/16/11)
2011        Sep 15, Passengers on the MS Nordlys were forced to evacuate a popular cruise off Norway's craggy western coast when a fire in the engine room killed two crew members and sent heavy smoke billowing through the ship.
    (AP, 9/15/11)
2011        Sep 15, In Pakistan a suicide bomber attacked the funeral service of a tribesman opposed to the Taliban, killing 31 people in the Lower Dir region.
    (AP, 9/15/11)(SFC, 9/16/11, p.A5)
2011        Sep 15, Russian tycoon Mikhail Prokhorov (46) abandoned his efforts to build up the Right Cause political party and enter parliament, saying he was unwilling to tolerate interference from the Kremlin. He also lambasted Vladislav Surkov, the Kremlin's seldom-glimpsed political strategist.
    (AP, 9/15/11)
2011        Sep 15, Somalia officials and residents said Kenyan helicopter gunships fired missiles around Elwak region near the Kenyan border. Explosions were also heard around the Islamist controlled Kismayo region in the south of the conflict-torn country.
    (AFP, 9/16/11)
2011        Sep 15, Around 500 Swazi teachers marched through the capital Mbabane to protest the closure of schools due to the kingdom's severe budget crisis.
    (AFP, 9/15/11)
2011        Sep 15, Syrian opposition members announced a national council made up of 60 exiled opponents and 70 dissidents inside Syria, in their bid to present a united front against President Bashar Assad's regime.
    (AP, 9/15/11)
2011        Sep 15, New Thai premier Yingluck Shinawatra held her first official talks with her Cambodian counterpart seeking to patch up relations after deadly border clashes.
    (AFP, 9/15/11)
2011        Sep 15, In Yemen government troops shelled a district overnight in Sanaa, home to the chief of the main tribe opposing Pres. Saleh, killing 3 and wounding 5 people. Witnesses said 13 people were killed when government forces shelled Arhab mountain villages north of Sanaa. In Taiz 10 protesters were wounded as the army opened fire at tens of thousands who were rallying and  calling for President Saleh to step down.
    (AP, 9/15/11)

2011        Sep 16, President Barack Obama signed into law a major overhaul of the nation's patent system to ease the way for inventors to bring their products to market. The America Invents Act was the first significant change in patent law since 1952.
    (AP, 9/16/11)
2011        Sep 16, The US National Marine Fisheries Service moved the loggerhead turtle population of in the North Pacific from threatened to endangered.
    (SFC, 9/17/11, p.C2)
2011        Sep 16, In Montana Ty Bell and Steve Stevenson were on a black bear hunting trip with two other people along the Montana-Idaho border when they were attacked by a grizzly bear they had wounded. Stevenson died of a single gunshot to the chest as Bell tried to kill the bear.
    (AP, 9/23/11)
2011        Sep 16, In Reno, Nevada, a World War II-era P-51 Mustang fighter plane competing in an event described as a car race in the sky suddenly pitched upward, rolled and did a nose-dive toward a crowded grandstand. 9 people were killed and more than 60 injured. Pilot Jimmy Leeward (74) was among those killed. A 10th victim died on Sep 19.
    (AP, 9/17/11)(AP, 9/18/11)(SFC, 9/20/11, p.A6)
2011        Sep 16, In northwest Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed nine civilians, including five children, as they were herding cattle.
    (AP, 9/17/11)
2011        Sep 16, Bahrain security forces clashed with mourners at the funeral of Sayyed Jawad Ahmed, who died 2 days earlier after inhaling tear gas fired at protesters.
    (SFC, 9/17/11, p.A2)
2011        Sep 16, Brazilian federal police say an Irish man (20) has been arrested with nearly two pounds of cocaine in his gut. Police identified the suspect only by his initials, P.B.K. Investigators said that he tried to board a flight in Sao Paulo, headed to Brussels.
    (AP, 9/16/11)
2011        Sep 16, Burundi opposition leader Agathon Rwasa, suspected to be behind a spate of violent incidents, accused state security forces of massacring and torturing his supporters.
    (AFP, 9/16/11)
2011        Sep 16, The EU said helicopters are being used to ferry staff and supplies to border crossings in the north after minority Serbs blocked main roads in anger over Kosovo's efforts to take over customs posts. Both northern crossings remained closed for commercial goods, but Kosovo's trade minister Mimoza Kusari said Serbian goods started entering Kosovo's eastern border with Serbia minutes after the EU mission took over control.
    (AP, 9/16/11)
2011        Sep 16, India welcomed the previous day’s decision by the US State Department to designate the homegrown militant group Indian Mujahideen a terrorist organization.
    (AFP, 9/16/11)
2011        Sep 16, India's central bank raised its repo interest rate a quarter point (to 8.25%) for the 12th time in 18 months on to combat near double-digit inflation, despite signs of slowing economic growth.
    (AP, 9/16/11)
2011        Sep 16, In Indonesia Jakarta city governor Fauzi Bowo called on women not to wear miniskirts when riding on public transport in the capital after a 27-year-old woman was attacked in a public minivan early this month. The next day Governor Bowo apologized for his remarks as some 50 women donned miniskirts to protest his remarks.
    (AFP, 9/18/11)
2011        Sep 16, In Iraq thousands of Al-Sadr followers rallied for more jobs and government aid in demonstrations that showed his support among Shiites. Al-Sadr has repeatedly demanded full withdrawal of US troops by the end of the year, as required under a 2008 security agreement between Baghdad and Washington. 41 experts, former lawmakers and top officials in the administration of former President George W. Bush called on Obama to keep far more than 4,000 troops in Iraq, a figure the White House is reportedly considering.
    (AP, 9/16/11)
2011        Sep 16, An Israeli and a Palestinian were wounded in a confrontation in the West Bank amid rising tensions ahead of a Palestinian bid for statehood at the United Nations.
    (AP, 9/16/11)
2011        Sep 16, The Jammu-Kashmir State Human Rights Commission broadened its investigation into unmarked graves in the Indian portion of Kashmir to include thousands more in two additional districts. Residents had claims of 3,844 unmarked graves at 208 locations in the remote districts of Rajouri and Poonch.
    (AP, 9/16/11)
2011        Sep 16, A Russian Soyuz capsule carrying 3 astronauts, an American and two Russians, landed in Kazakhstan following a stay at the Int’l. Space Station.
    (SFC, 9/17/11, p.A2)
2011        Sep 16, Libyan revolutionary forces faced fierce resistance as they streamed into Bani Walid and Sirte, among the last remaining bastions of support for Moammar Gadhafi. The battles coincide with a visit to Tripoli by Turkish PM Recep Tayyip Erdogan. The UN General Assembly also voted to give Libya's seat in the world body to the National Transitional Council.
    (AP, 9/16/11)(AP, 9/17/11)
2011        Sep 16, Myanmar's new government was reported to have stopped blocking some foreign websites this week, such as the BBC and YouTube, in a gesture toward openness tempered by remaining harsh laws that still keep readers of such sites at risk of arrest.
    (AP, 9/16/11)
2011        Sep 16, Authorities in Panama said they have found five bodies buried under the floor of a house and believe the remains are of young people of Chinese origin who were kidnapped for ransom in the past two years.
    (AP, 9/16/11)
2011        Sep 16, The UNHCR warned that more than 8,000 people have fled violence in Sudan's South Kordofan state to South Sudan and more are expected to arrive.
    (AFP, 9/16/11)
2011        Sep 16, Syrian troops reportedly killed at least 17 people in raids on anti-government protesters, but failed to stop thousands from pouring into streets nationwide and taking their uprising against President Bashar Assad's autocratic rule into a seventh month.
    (AP, 9/16/11)
2011        Sep 16, In southern Thailand bombs concealed in a car and two motorcycles killed at least three people and wounded at least 30 in the border town of Sungai Kolok.
    (AP, 9/16/11)
2011        Sep 16, In Turkey 3 Chechens were gunned down near a park in Istanbul. Chechen groups blamed Russia's secret service for the killings of the three, who were allegedly involved with Chechen militants.
    (AP, 10/12/11)
2011        Sep 16, In Yemen thousands of protesters took to the streets demanding the resignation of Pres. Saleh, a day after the US State Department said it hoped a power transfer deal could be signed within a week. Officials in Saudi Arabia and Yemen said that President Ali Abdullah Saleh will not return to Sanaa and will, instead, remain in Riyadh.
    (AP, 9/16/11)

2011        Sep 17, The Occupy SF movement began on Sep 17 with 6 people gathering outside the former Bank of America center on California Street in solidarity with protesters in NYC, who had set up camp in Zucotti Park near Wall Street the same day.
    (AP, 10/6/11)
2011        Sep 17, In Washington state America’s largest ever dam renewal project began on the Elwha River. It was dammed in 1914.
    (Econ, 10/1/11, p.35)
2011        Sep 17, In Afghanistan one NATO service member died following an insurgent attack.
    (AP, 9/18/11)
2011        Sep 17, In Brazil a 14-year-old girl escaped and told police she was held and raped for four days by inmates after being taken inside the men's Heleno Fragoso prison in northern Para state. The teenager testified she was drugged, beaten and taken by a woman along with two other teenagers into the prison.
    (AP, 9/19/11)
2011        Sep 17, In southwestern China a crowded tourist bus overturned on a mountainous road, killing seven people and injuring 30 others in Sichuan province. In the northwest a landslide caused by heavy rain plowed into two small factories, killing at least 10 people and leaving 22 others missing in Shaanxi province.
    (AP, 9/17/11)(AP, 9/18/11)
2011        Sep 17, Latvia held snap parliamentary elections. The left-leaning Harmony Center, representing Latvia's large ethnic Russian minority, won over 29% of the seats in the nation's legislature. An upstart party formed by former President Valdis Zatlers was in second place with 20.5%, while Unity, the senior partner in the current ruling center-right coalition, was third with 18.2%. Approximately one-third of Latvia's 2.2 million people are minorities whose native language is Russian. Many of them are so-called noncitizens who lack the right to vote.
    (AP, 9/17/11)(AP, 9/18/11)
2011        Sep 17, Libyan revolutionary fighters struggled to expand the offensive into Gadhafi's hometown of Sirte with street-by-street battles and commanders seeking to break open a new front against loyalist forces. At least three anti-Gadhafi fighters were killed.
    (AP, 9/17/11)
2011        Sep 17, Madagascan parties signed an agreement allowing the return of former president Marc Ravalomanana whose 2009 ouster plunged the country into a political paralysis. The agreement also called for a power-sharing arrangement by the signatories until presidential and parliamentary elections are held, with Andry Rajoelina in the interim remaining the president.
    (AFP, 9/17/11)
2011        Sep 17, In western Nepal 7 people, two of them children, were killed when a landslide triggered by heavy monsoon rains fell on Sulichaur village.
    (AFP, 9/17/11)
2011        Sep 17, In Nigeria Babakura Fugu, a relative of the slain leader of the Boko Haram radical Muslim sect, was shot dead, only two days after taking part in peace talks led by a former president.
    (AP, 9/18/11)
2011        Sep 17, In Pakistan US Ambassador Cameron Munter said in broadcast remarks that there is evidence linking the Haqqani insurgent network to the Pakistani government, a charge that could raise tensions in an already strained anti-terror alliance. An unmanned US drone crashed near Jangara village in the South Waziristan tribal area. Pakistani soldiers battled Taliban fighters in an attempt to seize precious debris. Three militants were killed.
    (AP, 9/17/11)(AP, 9/18/11)
2011        Sep 17, South African politicians joined hundreds of people who marched outside parliament to protest against the controversial secrecy bill which will be tabled in parliament next week.
    (AFP, 9/18/11)
2011        Sep 17, Thailand incinerated about $80 million worth of drugs from over 130,000 seizures across the country as officials warned there were an increasing number of very young users. Thailand, along with other countries in the region, has seen a marked increase in seizures of methamphetamine.
    (AFP, 9/17/11)
2011        Sep 17, In Yemen overnight fighting in the capital of Sanaa between rival army units left one dissident soldier dead and five members of the youths' security committee wounded. Thousands of anti-government protesters stormed the main university in Sanaa preventing the first day of classes. At least 20 other schools were kept closed as buildings were used by government-linked gunmen and soldiers who had defected to the opposition.
    (AFP, 9/17/11)(SSFC, 9/18/11, p.A6)

2011        Sep 18, It was reported that New Jersey has uncovered a windfall of $26 million by scouring old bank accounts and finding money left over from several bond issues, some dating back to the 1960s.
    (SSFC, 9/18/11, p.A10)
2011        Sep 18, The journal Nature Structural & Molecular Biology reported that online gamers have deciphered the structure of an enzyme of an AIDS-like virus that had thwarted scientists for a decade. The gamers produced an accurate model of a monomeric protease enzyme in just three weeks.
    (AFP, 9/18/11)
2011        Sep 18, In Florida Jeremiah Fogle (57) killed his wife and shot two church pastors in Lakeland. Fogle had pleaded guilty for shooting a previous wife and was sentenced in 1987 to 10 years probation.
    (SFC, 9/20/11, p.A5)
2011        Sep 18, In Tennessee 5 bikers were found dead in a recreational vehicle at the Clarksville Speedway. An organizer for the motorcycle festival blamed the deaths on fumes from a generator.
    (AP, 9/18/11)
2011        Sep 18, Dan Warren (85), fighter for desegregation in America’s South, died.
    (Econ, 10/15/11, p.100)
2011        Sep 18, In Afghanistan 2 NATO service members were killed by bombs.
    (AP, 9/18/11)
2011        Sep 18, In Burundi armed men burst into a pub in Gatumba. One wounded man said an attacker yelled: "Make sure there's no survivors." Survivor Jackson Kabura said the men entered wearing military fatigues. The bar shooting left 39 people dead. The accused later claimed the massacre's "sponsors" were top security official General Maurice Mbonimpa, deputy police chief General Gervais Ndirakobuca and the commander of a special police unit, Colonel Desire Uwamahoro.   
    (AP, 9/19/11)(AFP, 9/23/11)(AFP, 12/13/11)(Econ, 3/10/12, p.60)
2011        Sep 18, In the Dominican Rep. army Col. Cesar Ubri, an aide to the country's top anti-drug official, was shot to death, reportedly as a warning from drug traffickers. On Sep 21 a police officer and another man were arrested as suspects in the slaying of Ubri. They confessed to the killing and said they trying to steal his car.
    (AP, 9/19/11)(AP, 9/22/11)
2011        Sep 18, Egyptian businessman and former Tourism Minister Zohair Garanah was sentenced to three years in prison after being convicted of corruption. He was already serving a five-year jail term for allowing investors to illegally acquire state land. His first sentence was passed by a Cairo court on May 10.
    (AP, 9/18/11)
2011        Sep 18, Guinea-Bissau's diabetic Pres. Malam Bacai Sanha returned home after being hospitalized in Senegal.
    (AP, 9/19/11)
2011        Sep 18, Hong Kong police said they have made the southern Chinese territory's largest ever cocaine bust, seizing more than half a ton of the drug, worth around $77 million. 8 people were arrested including an American man, a Colombian woman with Hong Kong residency and five Mexicans.
    (AFP, 9/18/11)
2011        Sep 18, In India a magnitude 6.9 earthquake hit Sikkim state in the northeast near the border with Nepal. Some buildings collapsed in Sikkim's state capital of Gangtok. At least 108 people were killed with more than 100,000 homes damaged. The confirmed deaths included 6 in Nepal and 7 in Tibet.
    (AP, 9/19/11)(AP, 9/20/11)(AP, 9/23/11)
2011        Sep 18, Iran hanged Elias Babai Chegini (39), a convicted drug trafficker, at a prison in the northwestern city of Qazvin. His hanging raised to 200 the number of executions reported in Iran so far this year.
    (AFP, 9/18/11)
2011        Sep 18, Thousands of Moroccans demonstrated calling for greater political freedoms, as the country's pro-democracy movement attempted to regain momentum lost over the summer.
    (AP, 9/18/11)
2011        Sep 18, In Nigeria unknown gunmen shot dead four people and injured several others in a raid on a Christian farming village in northern Nigerian Kaduna state.
    (AFP, 9/18/11)
2011        Sep 18, In Pakistan’s Khyber tribal area dozens of Taliban armed with rocket launchers stormed a police post in the triggering clashes that killed 10 militants and 5 anti-militant fighters.
    (AFP, 9/18/11)
2011        Sep 18, The UN made an emergency appeal for funding for Pakistan. Monsoon rains since early August have killed more than 220 people, damaged or destroyed some 665,000 homes and displaced more than 1.8 million people in the southern Sindh province.
    (AP, 9/19/11)
2011        Sep 18, In Saudi Arabia 10 more men at a special summary court were accused of plotting to carry out attacks against US forces in Qatar and Kuwait.
    (SSFC, 9/25/11, p.A4)
2011        Sep 18, Yemeni government troops shelled a district of the capital that has been held for months by a powerful anti-government tribal chief and his armed supporters. Pro-regime snipers killed at least 26 of the protesters.
    (AP, 9/18/11)(AP, 9/19/11)

2011        Sep 19, President Barack Obama laid out a $3 trillion plan to cut US deficits by raising taxes on the rich, but Republicans mocked it as a political stunt, signaling the proposal has little chance of becoming law.
    (Reuters, 9/19/11)
2011        Sep 19, California and federal officials said shipping companies responsible for the Nov 7, 2007, Cosco Busan oil spill in the SF Bay have agreed to pay $44.4 million to restore bay habitat and reimburse agencies that responded to the disaster.
    (SFC, 9/20/11, p.A1)
2011        Sep 19, The Great America amusement park in Santa Clara, Ca., was reportedly purchased by JMA Ventures, a local real estate company, from Ohio’s Cedar Fair Entertainment for $70 million.
    (SFC, 9/20/11, p.C2)
2011        Sep 19, Jamey Rodemeyer (14), of Williamsville, NY, took his life after what his parents claim was years of bullying because of struggles with his sexuality. On Sep 25 Lady Gaga performed a tribute to Rodemeyer at the iheartradio music festival.
    (http://tinyurl.com/6k7qs22)
2011        Sep 19, In Afghanistan a NATO service member died as a result of an attack.
    (AP, 9/19/11)
2011        Sep 19, Belize's founding father and first prime minister, George Price (92), died just short of three decades since he led the small Central American nation to independence.
    (AP, 9/20/11)
2011        Sep 19, British police in Birmingham arrested 6 men, aged between 25 and 32, overnight on suspicion of preparing an act of terrorism. A 22-year-old woman was held on suspicion of failing to disclose information that could help prevent an act of terrorism.
    (Reuters, 9/19/11)
2011        Sep 19, Bailiffs preparing to clear residents from Britain's biggest settlement of travelers entered the site for the first time and urged protesters to stop obstructing the eviction.
    (AFP, 9/19/11)
2011        Sep 19, Luxury car maker Jaguar Land Rover, part of Indian group Tata Motors, said it will invest 355 million pounds on a new engine plant in central England. The British government will provide up to 10 million pounds for a plant expected to create 750 jobs and thousands of jobs across the wider economy.
    (Reuters, 9/19/11)
2011        Sep 19, China shut down a solar panel factory after hundreds of angry residents staged days of violent protests over pollution, the second such incident in as many months.
    (AFP, 9/19/11)
2011        Sep 19, In Colombia Samuel Moreno (51), the suspended mayor of Bogota, was charged with crimes including embezzlement and extortion in the awarding of public contracts. If convicted he could be sentenced to at least six years in prison.
    (AP, 9/19/11)
2011        Sep 19, Egypt barred formation of a new political party by al-Gamaa al-Islamiyya, an Islamist group that was once involved in a bloody insurgency, because its proposed party is based on "religious grounds in violation of the law."
    (AP, 9/19/11)
2011        Sep 19, The UN refugee agency said nearly 3,000 Eritreans were flooding into Sudan and Ethiopia every month from Eritrea, a country of some five million people and about the size of England.
    (AFP, 9/19/11)
2011        Sep 19, Greece struggled to convince international creditors that it can meet its debt obligations in return for more bailout cash to avoid running out of funds as soon as next month.
    (AP, 9/19/11)
2011        Sep 19, In Guatemala 4 earthquakes struck the southeastern part of the country in less than two hours, causing at least one death. At least three people were reported missing.
    (AP, 9/19/11)
2011        Sep 19, Iranian state television reported that authorities have arrested five people for working for the BBC's Farsi-language service. The BBC said 6 independent filmmakers have been detained in Iran denying a media report that the group were the broadcasters' staffers.
    (AP, 9/19/11)
2011        Sep 19, In Iraq 8 inmates were killed in an early morning fire at Interior Ministry jail in Baladiyat, a mostly Shiite neighborhood in eastern Baghdad.
    (AP, 9/19/11)
2011        Sep 19, Israeli settlers in the West Bank set fire to dozens of acres of farm land and cut down some 500 olive, fig and almond trees near the villages of Einabous and Deir Istiya.
    (AP, 9/20/11)
2011        Sep 19, In Japan Kyodo news agency said websites of some Japanese government agencies were hit by cyberattacks over the weekend, temporarily blocking access to them.
    (AFP, 9/19/11)
2011        Sep 19, In Libya fierce fighting raged in Bani Walid as new regime fighters attacked the oasis town where a son of Moamer Kadhafi is believed holed up. General Belgacem Al-Abaaj, Kadhafi's intelligence chief in the Al Khofra region, was captured some 100 km (60 miles) from southern Libyan town of Sabha. 10 people were reported killed in Sabha. Rebel forces captured the town of Sultana.
    (AFP, 9/19/11)(AP, 9/21/11)(AFP, 9/22/11)
2011        Sep 19, Mauritanian President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz called for closer ties with China during a visit to the Chinese-Arab economic and trade forum in Yinchuan. Both countries signed an agreement granting the Mauritanian armed forces financial support worth 20 million yuan (2.3 millions euros, 3.1 million dollars).
    (AFP, 9/19/11)
2011        Sep 19, The Mexican army captured Saul Solis Solis (49), a former police chief and one-time congressional candidate, without incident in Michoacan, the home state of the Knights Templar drug cartel. At least 32 inmates got away from the three Veracruz prisons. Police recaptured 14 of them. On Oct 4 the Navy officials reported the capture of 9 more.
    (AP, 9/20/11)(AP, 9/21/11)(AP, 10/4/11)
2011        Sep 19, It was reported that Nigeria-based Dangote Group, headed by Aliko Dangote, once dubbed Africa's richest man by Forbes, planned to build Africa’s largest fertilizer plant in Edo state to be operation in 2014.
    (AFP, 9/19/11)
2011        Sep 19, In Pakistan a Taliban suicide bomber detonated a vehicle packed with explosives outside the home of a senior police officer tasked with cracking down on militants in Karachi. The blast killed at least eight people and left a crater 10 feet deep.
    (AP, 9/19/11)
2011        Sep 19, In the southern Philippines dozens of army troops killed three Abu Sayyaf militants and rescued a kidnap victim in a clash near Sumisip town on Basilan island.
    (AP, 9/19/11)
2011        Sep 19, In Saudi Arabia Abdul Hamid al-Fakki, a Sudanese man, was executed for the crime of sorcery.
    (Econ, 9/24/11, p.73)
2011        Sep 19, South Africa's ruling African National Congress shelved a controversial secrecy bill after a widespread outcry that it would muzzle investigations into government wrongdoing.
    (AFP, 9/19/11)
2011        Sep 19, Sudan's official news agency said Sudan and its newest neighbor, breakaway South Sudan, have signed their first agreement since their split in July. The accord sets out 10 crossing points between the two nations for people and goods.
    (AP, 9/19/11)
2011        Sep 19, The Sudanese army attacked a heavily armed convoy of Darfur rebels, Justice and Equality Movement (JEM), near the war-torn region's border with Libya, killing one and seizing a truck load of weapons. The rebels were traveling in two big vehicles, one full of fuel and the other full of weapons, that they had hijacked in Libya.
    (AFP, 9/20/11)
2011        Sep 19, Syria's security forces opened fire during a raid on political dissidents in the town of Houla in central Homs province, a flashpoint in the months-long anti-regime uprising. Syrian forces killed five people in raids on anti-government protesters.
    (AFP, 9/19/11)(AP, 9/19/11)
2011        Sep 19, Turkey escalated a dispute with Cyprus over oil and gas drilling in the eastern Mediterranean, saying that it would send warships to protect its claims to resources off the coast of the divided island. US energy firm, Nobel Energy, had just exploratory drilling for oil and gas off the coast of Cyprus despite strong warnings from Turkey not to do so.
    (AP, 9/19/11)
2011        Sep 19, Venezuela deported six suspected drug traffickers wanted in Colombia and the United States. They also included US citizen Lionel Scott Harris (67), who is suspected of smuggling drugs, and five Colombians wanted on drug-related charges.
    (AP, 9/19/11)
2011        Sep 19, Yemeni pro-regime forces, including snipers picking off protesters from rooftops, killed at least 23 people in a second day of clashes shaking the capital of Sanaa. 4 children were killed by live ammunition during the last 2 days of unrest. Protesters backed by military defectors seized a base of the Republican Guards in Sanaa.
    (AP, 9/19/11)(AP, 9/20/11)(SFC, 9/20/11, p.A3)
2011        Sep 19, Zimbabwe's wildlife authority said poachers have begun poisoning watering holes, killing nine elephants and at least five lions in recent weeks.
    (AP, 9/19/11)

2011        Sep 20, US prosecutors made new allegations in a probe of the Full Tilt Poker website, accusing self-styled "Poker Professor" Howard Lederer and professional poker champion Christopher Ferguson and others of paying themselves more than $440 million while defrauding other players.
    (Reuters, 9/20/11)
2011        Sep 20, The US military’s 17-year old “Don’t ask, don’t tell" policy, regarding sexual orientation, officially ended.
    (SFC, 9/21/11, p.A1)
2011        Sep 20, Alaska announced that the Permanent Fund Dividend for residents this year would be $1,174. the fund was created in 1976.
    (SFC, 9/21/11, p.A6)
2011        Sep 20, In Michigan a car bomb caused a powerful explosion on a street in Monroe that seriously injured a father and his two sons. The blast turned their vehicle into a blackened hunk of metal. The ATF offered a reward of up to $10,000 for information leading to an arrest.
    (AP, 9/21/11)
2011        Sep 20, General Motors Co. agreed to deepen cooperation with its flagship Chinese partner on development of electric vehicle knowhow amid pressure from Beijing to hand over proprietary technology.
    (AP, 9/20/11)
2011        Sep 20, GM and the UAW unveiled a modest 4-year pay agreement. The deal included a $5,000 lump sum payment to production line workers and $4,000 more over the next 4 years plus a slightly higher share of profits. It also allowed the hiring of new “tier-two" employees.
    (Econ, 9/24/11, p.75)
2011        Sep 20, In Afghanistan a Taliban suicide bomber in Kabul, with concealed explosives in a turban, assassinated former Afghan president Burhanuddin Rabbani (1992-1996), who was leading government peace efforts. In Feb, 2012, Pakistan arrested two people in connection with the assassination.
    (AFP, 9/20/11)(AP, 2/10/12)
2011        Sep 20, Benin announced that China has given it $34 million in loans and grants, part of which will fund an anti-piracy patrol drive off the coast, where hijackings have surged this year.
    (AFP, 9/22/11)
2011        Sep 20, The UN called for an immediate truce between rival groups in the Central African Republic fighting for control over diamond mines.
    (AFP, 9/20/11)
2011        Sep 20, The World Health Organization warned countries that a dangerous strain of polio, WPV1, has spread to China from Pakistan.
    (SFC, 9/21/11, p.A2)
2011        Sep 20, Colombian police seized 301 properties, including houses, vehicles and estates, that belonged to alleged front men for Joaquin "El Chapo" Guzman (56), the head of Mexico's powerful Sinaloa drug cartel. The assets were valued at $250 million.
    (AP, 9/21/11)
2011        Sep 20, In the Dominican Rep. neighbors saw Romelio Frias (28) douse his house with gasoline before dawn and lock himself inside. Victims of the fire included his 36-year-old wife, their 3-year-old daughter and 9-year-old twin boys that she had from a previous marriage.
    (AP, 9/20/11)
2011        Sep 20, In northern Haiti 3 people died when a small, twin-engine turboprop aircraft used by a domestic Haitian airline crashed while trying to land during heavy rain. The single  passenger was a regular customer from Vietnam.
    (AP, 9/20/11)
2011        Sep 20, Iran publicly hanged a convicted murderer at a square in the capital Tehran. Sajad Karimi had confessed to shooting a doctor, who had been his mother's surgeon, following her death.
    (AFP, 9/20/11)
2011        Sep 20, In Iraq 2 suicide bombers blew themselves up in front of a government office in Ramadi, Anbar province, killing four people and wounding eight others.
    (AP, 9/19/11)
2011        Sep 20, Libyan families in pickup trucks stacked with mattresses and jugs of water fled Moammar Gadhafi's hometown of Sirte ahead of an expected new push by revolutionary forces to seize the city from die-hard loyalists of the fugitive leader. At least 4 people were killed and 7 wounded. Another 18 people were reported killed in Sabha. Rebel forces captured Waddan.
    (AP, 9/20/11)(AP, 9/21/11)(AFP, 9/22/11)
2011        Sep 20, In Mexico suspected drug traffickers dumped 35 bodies at rush hour beneath a busy overpass in Veracruz, as gunmen pointed weapons at frightened drivers. Local media said that 12 of the victims were women. Police thus far had identified seven of the victims and all had criminal records for murder, drug dealing, kidnapping and extortion and were linked to organized crime. The New Generation gang, aka “Zeta Killers," was later said to be responsible. 
    (AP, 9/21/11)(AP, 10/7/11)
2011        Sep 20, In Nigeria local authorities dismissed a 10-minute video of a Nigerian woman repeatedly asking her attackers to kill her as they take turns raping her at a university dormitory. The video had circulated for weeks around the campus of Abia State University before being posted on the Internet.
    (AP, 9/21/11)
2011        Sep 20, In Pakistan gunmen opened fire on minority Shiite Muslim pilgrims traveling through southwest, killing 26 people in an apparent sectarian attack. The attack targeted the Shiite Hazara tribe.
    (AP, 9/20/11)(AP, 10/4/11)
2011        Sep 20, In the Philippines a 13-year-old boy shot his 16-year-old friend inside a busy mall then turned the weapon on himself. He died the next day and left the other boy brain dead, raising questions about gun control in a country awash in firearms. Police said the shooting was a crime of passion and that the boys were in a romantic relationship after meeting through Facebook in May.
    (AP, 9/21/11)
2011        Sep 20, Gunmen shot and killed a Somali lawmaker in the northern breakaway state of Puntland, where fighting between political and clan groups is on the rise recently.
    (AFP, 9/21/11)
2011        Sep 20, Matt Bryden, head of the UN arms monitoring group, said that corrupt Somali politicians could face travel bans and have their foreign bank accounts and property frozen under tough new UN sanctions.
    (AP, 9/20/11)
2011        Sep 20, In Turkey a car bomb went off near a high school in Ankara, killing 3 people in a nearby building and wounding 34 others. Soon after 4 women died in an attack Siirt province.
    (AP, 9/20/11)(Econ, 9/24/11, p.63)
2011        Sep 20, In Yemen a third day of fighting in Sanaa, including a mortar attack on unarmed protesters, killed nine people.
    (AP, 9/20/11)
2011        Sep 20, Zambia held elections for a president, 150 lawmakers and over 1,000 municipal councilors. Incumbent president Rupiah Banda was in a close race with populist rival Michael Sata. Elections results on Sep 23 said Michael Sata won with 1,150,045 votes, or 43% of the total, to 961,796 votes, or 36.1% for incumbent Rupiah Banda.
    (AP, 9/20/11)(AP, 9/23/11)

2011        Sep 21, President Barack Obama publicly pushed for the Palestinians to drop a statehood bid as he addressed the UN General Assembly.
    (AP, 9/21/11)
2011        Sep 21, The US Federal Reserve announced a plan, Operation Twist, to stimulate growth by purchasing $400 billion in long-term Treasury securities with proceeds from the sale of short-term government debt.
    (SFC, 9/22/11, p.D1)(Econ, 10/1/11, p.81)
2011        Sep 21, Shane Bauer and Joshua Fattal, convicted in Iran of "illegal entry" and "espionage," were released after payment of 5 billion rial (about US$465,000) bail each arranged by the Sultan of Oman.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2009%E2%80%9311_detention_of_American_hikers_by_Iran)
2011        Sep 21, The Washington Post reported that the United States is building a ring of secret drone bases in the Horn of Africa and the Arabian Peninsula as part of an aggressive campaign against al Qaeda affiliates in Somalia and Yemen.
    (Reuters, 9/21/11)
2011        Sep 21, California prosecutors charged one police officer with murder and another with manslaughter in the July 5 killing of an unarmed, mentally ill homeless man who was pummeled, shocked with a Taser and slammed with the butt of a stun gun in a beating that lasted nearly 10 minutes.
    (AP, 9/21/11)
2011        Sep 21, Norielyn Bautista of Daly City, Ca., a former Burlingame credit union employee, was sentenced to 4 years and 8 months in prison for embezzling over $428,000 from the Pacific Advantage Federal Credit Union between 2006-2010.
    (SSFC, 9/25/11, p.D2)
2011        Sep 21, The US state of Georgia executed convicted murderer Troy Davis on in a case that drew international attention because of claims by his advocates that he may have been innocent.
    (Reuters, 9/21/11)
2011        Sep 21, In Texas white supremacist and gang member Lawrence Russell Brewer (44) was executed for the infamous June 7, 1998, dragging death slaying of James Byrd Jr.
    (AP, 9/22/11)
2011        Sep 21, Australian beer giant Foster's said it has accepted an improved takeover worth Aus$9.9 billion (£6.5 billion) from British-based brewer SABMiller.
    (AFP, 9/21/11)
2011        Sep 21, In Bahrain traffic was brought to a crawl on many highways after calls by pro-reform groups to flood the roads with cars in a show of strength before parliamentary elections later this week.
    (AP, 9/21/11)
2011        Sep 21, French President Nicolas Sarkozy called on the United Nations to admit Palestine as a non-member state, upgrading its status as a simple observer but opposing a Palestinian bid for full membership.
    (AFP, 9/21/11)
2011        Sep 21, Greece raised taxes, made pension cuts and pledged to suspend 30,000 civil servants in a scramble to keep bailout payments flowing and soothe global markets as it faced running out of cash in mid-October.
    (SFC, 9/22/11, p.A9)
2011        Sep 21, Iran publicly hanged Alireza Molla-Soltani (17) convicted of killing Ruhollah Dadashi, an athlete billed as "Iran's strongest man." He was sent to the gallows at the scene of the crime in the city of Karaj. A spokesman for the prosecution said the boy had reached "religious maturity" and was over 18 years of age by the Islamic lunar calendar.
    (AFP, 9/21/11)
2011        Sep 21, Americans Shane Bauer and Josh Fattal, jailed in Iran as spies, were released from Tehran's Evin prison after more than two years in custody. A $1 million bail, $500,000 for each one, was posted by Oman.
    (AP, 9/21/11)
2011        Sep 21, Migrants clashed with police on the tiny Italian island of Lampedusa a day after setting their overcrowded holding center on fire to protest Italy's policy of forced repatriations.
    (AP, 9/21/11)
2011        Sep 21, Typhoon Roke slammed into Japan, leaving at least 13 people dead or missing in south-central regions and halting trains in Tokyo before grazing a crippled nuclear plant in the tsunami-ravaged northeast. Over 1.2 million people were evacuated from the area.
    (AP, 9/21/11)(SFC, 9/22/11, p.A6)
2011        Sep 21, In Libya NATO airstrikes pounded an area in Moammar Gadhafi's hometown of Sirte as revolutionary forces surrounding the city came under rocket fire. NATO allies agreed to extend their air campaign in Libya by another 90 days. Rebel forces captured the base between Waddan and Hun at dawn and took Hun during the day. Rebels began a 3-day attack on the region of the al-Meshashya tribe, which had earlier pledged support for Gadhafi. Public property was destroyed, private cars and farm animals were stolen, and homes were burned.
    (AP, 9/21/11)(AFP, 9/21/11)(AFP, 9/22/11)(AP, 9/28/11)
2011        Sep 21, In Malawi shops, banks and even some government offices closed across the country beginning a three-day general strike called by the opposition.
    (AP, 9/21/11)
2011        Sep 21, Mexican police officers responding to a report of an armed robbery killed three alleged bandits during a shootout at a restaurant an affluent neighborhood of Mexico City.
    (AP, 9/22/11)
2011        Sep 21, A court in Oman ordered the one-month long closure of the prominent Azzaman newspaper and sentenced two of its editors to jail after the country's justice minister accused them of slander. Editor Ibrahim al-Maamary and managing editor Yussuf al-Haj were each sentenced to five months in prison for "insulting" Justice Minister Mohamed al-Hanai in the May articles, which cited claims of embezzlement, graft and other abuses within the ministry.
    (AP, 9/21/11)(AFP, 1/1/12)
2011        Sep 21, The Pakistani government placed Malik Ishaq, a founder of the banned Sunni extremist group Lashkar-e-Jhangvi, under temporary house detention because of his attempts to stoke conflict between Sunni and Shiite Muslims since his release from prison 2 months ago.
    (AP, 9/22/11)
2011        Sep 21, Thousands of flag-waving Palestinians rallied in towns across the West Bank to show support for their president's bid to win UN recognition of a Palestinian state as the US pledged to block the Palestinians, if necessary by a veto in the UN Security Council.
    (AP, 9/21/11)
2011        Sep 21, In Puerto Rico the FBI arrested six current and former employees of the Department of Education on charges that include bribery and money laundering. Agents arrested a total of 9 people and planned to arrest 4 more, including a person in Tampa, Florida.
    (AP, 9/21/11)
2011        Sep 21, Twenty aid agencies warned that drought and famine-blighted Somalia is at a "turning point" as conditions decline with hundreds of thousands more people likely to die in coming months.
    (AFP, 9/21/11)
2011        Sep 21, Syrian security forces moved against several schools around the country and detained students who demonstrated against President Bashar Assad's regime, while troops shot dead at least four people in Homs and Rastan.
    (AP, 9/21/11)
2011        Sep 21, The Tunisian army attacked an armed convoy near the Algerian border. 6 people were killed as the Tunisian army neutralized a of nine vehicles fitted with anti-aircraft guns that crossed over from the Algerian desert near Bir Znigra.
    (AFP, 9/21/11)(AFP, 9/23/11)
2011        Sep 21, Turkey’s Pres. Erdogan signed a deal with Turkish-controlled north Cyprus to begin drilling for oil and gas.
    (Econ, 9/24/11, p.63)
2011        Sep 21, Turkey reportedly bombed the main Kurdish rebel base in northern Iraq and chased rebels in a mountainous area in the southeast in response to escalated attacks by the autonomy-seeking guerrillas.
    (AP, 9/21/11)
2011        Sep 21, Yemeni government forces fired mortars at a central district of the capital Sanaa where tens of thousands of opposition supporters had gathered. 16 people were killed in two attacks. The violence breached a cease-fire negotiated a day earlier.
    (AP, 9/21/11)(SFC, 9/22/11, p.A2)
2011        Sep 21, Zimbabwe said it has reached a deal with insurance group Old Mutual on how the company will comply with a law compelling foreign companies to sell majority stakes to local blacks. The agreement allows British insurer Old Mutual to conduct a "first phase" of compliance which will see the firm place 25% of its local subsidiary in the hands of local blacks.
    (AFP, 9/21/11)

2011        Sep 22, Finance ministers from the G20 countries meeting in Washington DC pledged to "take all necessary actions to preserve the stability of the banking systems and financial markets" and to make sure banks have the cash they need to pay their day-to-day expenses.
    (AP, 9/23/11)
2011        Sep 22, In northern and central California some 23,000 nurses associated with Sutter Health and Kaiser Permanente went on a one-day strike.
    (SFC, 9/23/11, p.C4)
2011        Sep 22, US biotech company Advanced Cell Technology said it will soon begin the first-ever European trials using human embryonic stem cells in an experimental treatment for people with a form of juvenile blindness. The clearance to begin the European trials came from the UK Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency and the Gene Therapy Advisory Committee. The same Massachusetts-based company became the first to launch a US trial of embryonic stem cells to treat Stargardt's disease in November 2010.
    (AP, 9/22/11)
2011        Sep 22, Facebook CEO Zuckerberg introduced the Facebook "timeline" in San Francisco at the company's f8 conference for some 2,000 entrepreneurs, developers and journalists.
    (AP, 9/22/11)
2011        Sep 22, Meg Whitman (55), former head of eBay, was named the new CEO of Hewlett-Packard, replacing Leo Apotheker.
    (SFC, 9/23/11, p.A1)
2011        Sep 22, It was reported that CERN physicists have found that tiny particles called neutrinos are making a 454-mile (730-km) underground trip faster than they should, more quickly, in fact, than light could do. If the results are confirmed, they could throw much of modern physics into upheaval. Researchers in 2012 published papers that refuted the faster than light neutrino travel.
    (http://tinyurl.com/3k9puhj)(SFC, 9/23/11, p.A5)(Econ, 3/24/12, p.82)
2011        Sep 22, In Brazil a 10-year-old student shot and wounded his teacher with a pistol, then killed himself with two bullets into his head at a public school in Sao Caetano do Sul, an industrial suburb on the outskirts of Sao Paulo.
    (AP, 9/22/11)
2011        Sep 22, The book "Julian Assange: The Unauthorized Autobiography" went on sale in Britain, against the wishes of Assange (40), who condemned his publisher for releasing it.
    (AP, 9/22/11)
2011        Sep 22, Former Cape Verde president Aristides Pereira (87), who fought Portugal's colonial rule, died in Portugal. He was the West African country's first post-independence president.
    (AP, 9/22/11)
2011        Sep 22, A CAR army source said that a recent outbreak of fighting between rival armed groups in the Central African Republic vying for control over diamond mines left 43 dead.
    (AFP, 9/22/11)
2011        Sep 22, In southern China hundreds of protesters attacked a police station and ransacked vehicles in Guangdong, leaving dozens injured in the latest unrest to hit the industrial heartland. The rioters were angered by a government land deal and rumors that police officers had killed a child.
    (AP, 9/23/11)
2011        Sep 22, In Dagestan 2 early morning car bombs killed a Russian policeman and wounded 60 other people in the capital of Makhachkala. A few hours before the car bombs, four suspected Islamic insurgents died when explosives they were carrying in their car detonated on a capital street.
    (AP, 9/22/11)
2011        Sep 22, In Indonesia a small plane has crashed in the eastern province of Papua, killing all three people on board, including American pilot Paul Westlund.
    (AP, 9/22/11)    
2011        Sep 22, Libyan commanders said that new regime forces were in control of all three main towns in the Al-Jufra oasis. NATO said that its aircraft had again pounded Kadhafi's remaining armor.
    (AFP, 9/22/11)
2011        Sep 22, In Lithuania a memorial ceremony was held in a church in Vilnius with volunteers reading the names of every resident who lived in the local Jewish ghetto in 1942. A large part of the ghetto’s population had died of starvation or disease, and those who survived were shot outside Vilnius or sent to death camps.
    (SFC, 9/23/11, p.A2)
2011        Sep 22, Mexican police found 11 bodies in the joined cities of Veracruz and Boca del Rio. Gunmen killed a traffic police officer as he directed motorists in the Monterrey suburb of Guadalupe and then went to a nearby house, where drugs were allegedly sold, and killed 6 men. In the Pacific coast state of Sinaloa, gunmen killed Vicente Castillo Carrillo (18), a nephew of the Juarez drug cartel's purported leader, Vicente Carrillo Fuentes.
    (AP, 9/22/11)(AP, 9/23/11)
2011        Sep 22, In west Nepal a landslide buried workers building a canal in a mountain village, killing at least four people and leaving several people missing.
    (AP, 9/22/11)
2011        Sep 22, Senegal's ruling party said that it is canceling all political demonstrations, an announcement that came a day before the nation's opposition planned to hold a rally to call for regime change. The ruling Senegalese Democratic Party, or PDS, said that the No. 2 of the National Assembly, Diawar Toure, had died in Paris a day earlier.
    (AP, 9/22/11)
2011        Sep 22, Police in Sierra Leone, where elections are due next year, ordered a moratorium on all political party rallies and public meetings until further notice.
    (AFP, 9/22/11)
2011        Sep 22, In South Korea about 1,600 prostitutes and pimps at a rally in Seoul chanted slogans calling for laws, that toughened the punishment for prostitution, to be scrapped.
    (AP, 9/22/11)
2011        Sep 22, Sudan approved measures aimed at boosting agricultural output and reining in spiraling food prices by cutting tax on some food products and easing imports. A deadly gunbattle in the North Darfur village of Tamaru broke between nomads and farmers trying to stop them crossing their land. Rebels initially blamed the Sudanese army.
    (AFP, 9/22/11)(AFP, 9/23/11)(AP, 9/25/11)
2011        Sep 22, Syrian students chanting for revolution marched outside the capital and other areas after class in a new tactic that brought a swift response from security services, who beat up or detained many of the young protesters. The state-run news agency said an armed group ambushed a bus with policemen, killing 5 and wounding 18 officers in Daraa province. At least one person was shot dead by security forces in Homs.
    (AP, 9/22/11)
2011        Sep 22, Tajikistan's state electricity provider says it will implement a system of rolling blackouts in winter, leaving many households without power for up to 12 hours daily.
    (AP, 9/22/11)
2011        Sep 22, Uganda's highest court ordered that Thomas Kwoyelo (39), a commander of the Lord's Resistance Army rebellion, should be granted amnesty and released, ending the country's first war crimes trial. Kwoyelo was blamed for brutal civilian murders during a 20-year war in the north of the country, and was charged in July with 53 counts of willful killing, hostage taking, destruction of property and causing injury.
    (AFP, 9/22/11)
2011        Sep 22, Aid agency Oxfam said in a report that at least 22,500 Ugandans have been forced from their homes to make way for New Forests Company, a British timber company founded in 2004, and called for an investigation into alleged abuses. The evictions stopped in July 2010.
    (AFP, 9/22/11)
2011        Sep 22, Pope Benedict XVI warned Germans of the danger of ignoring religion as he began the first state visit to his homeland, seeking to stem the tide of Catholics leaving the church while acknowledging the damage caused by the clerical sex abuse scandal.
    (AP, 9/22/11)
2011        Sep 22, In Yemen renewed violence in Sanaa killed at least 9 people as street battles broke out between forces loyal to the regime and its opponents.
    (AP, 9/22/11)
2011        Sep 22, In Zambia riots erupted in two mining towns over the slow pace of results from this week's polls, as EU observers accused the ruling party of abusing state resources in the campaign.
    (AFP, 9/22/11)

2011        Sep 23, Pres. Obama unveiled changes to the 2002 No Child left Behind plan letting states come up with their own evaluation plans.
    (SFC, 9/24/11, p.A6)
2011        Sep 23, Former US Army soldier Andrew Holmes (21) was sentenced to 7 years in prison for the 2010 murder of a teenage villager in southern Afghanistan. He pleaded guilty to participating with other soldiers in the thrill killing of Afghan civilians. 5 Joint Base Lewis-McChord soldiers were accused of taking part in the murder of three Afghans.
    (SFC, 9/24/11, p.A4)(http://tinyurl.com/3cw8y5u)
2011        Sep 23, California Gov. Jerry Brown signed compromise legislation under which Amazon.com drops its attempt to overturn by referendum an online sales tax in return for the state agreeing to postpone collections until next September. Amazon said it will create 10,000 full-time jobs in the state and invest $500 million in a variety of facilities.
    (SFC, 9/27/11, p.D1)
2011        Sep 23, In Nevada Jeffrey Pettigrew, president of the San Jose chapter of the Hell’s Angels motorcycle club, was shot and killed by Ernesto Manuel Gonzalez (53), an alleged member of the rival Vagos motorcycle gang, at John Ascuaga’s Nugget casino. Gonzalez was arrested 6 days later in San Francisco. On Oct 15 Steve Tausan was shot and killed in San Jose, Ca., at the funeral of Pettigrew. Police sought Steve Ruiz (38) for the killing of Tausan. On Feb 25, 2012, police arrested Tausan at a motel in Fremont, Ca.
    (AP, 9/24/11)(SSFC, 10/16/11, p.A15)(SSFC, 10/23/11, p.A11)(SFC, 2/27/12, p.C1)
2011        Sep 23, In Nevada Cesar Villagrana, a member of the Hells Angels motorcycle gang, shot a Vagos motorcycle gang member in the leg at John Ascuaga’s Nugget casino. In 2013 Villagrana (38) pleaded guilty to the shooting and faced 15 years in years.
    (SFC, 7/23/13, p.A5)
2011        Sep 23, Federal agents in Rhode Island said they have put a major dent in the ranks of the New England mafia with the arrests of Edward Lato (64), Alfred Scivola (70), Raymond Jenkins (47) and Albino Folcarelli (53).
    (SFC, 9/24/11, p.A4)
2011        Sep 23, The tarnished image of Olympic boxing faced fresh scrutiny over allegations that multi-million dollar bribes were paid to ensure fighters from Azerbaijan won gold medals at the 2012 Games in London. The championships were moved to the Azeri capital after being originally awarded to the South Korean port city of Busan.
    (AP, 9/23/11)
2011        Sep 23, A Bolivian judge ordered the release on bond of New York businessmen Jacob Ostreicher (52). He had been held in a prison without charge for three months in a money laundering investigation. The judge ordered Ostreicher to pay $14,500 bond, but prohibited him from leaving Bolivia until the investigation ends.
    (AP, 9/23/11)
2011        Sep 23, A Botswana official said labor unions have asked a court to force the government to reinstate nearly 2,600 public services workers fired during the country's first national strike in April.
    (AFP, 9/23/11)
2011        Sep 23, British police arrested Christopher McGuire (30). He was charged the next day with placing anti-psychotic and epilepsy drugs in packets of the painkiller Nurofen Plus.
    (AFP, 9/25/11)
2011        Sep 23, Chinese blogger Daniel Wu, praised for posting pictures of Chinese officials and their luxury watches online, said he has been forced out of action due to outside "pressure." His commitment to exposing the officials had been praised  earlier this month by the state-run Xinhua news agency, which said the fight against corruption should follow his method.
    (AFP, 9/23/11)
2011        Sep 23, In Iraq five people were killed in a series of blasts in western Baghdad.
    (AP, 9/23/11)
2011        Sep 23, Islamic nations at a 151-nation IAEA conference in Vienna demanded that Israel open its nuclear program to international purview, asserting that its undeclared atomic arms program is a threat to Mideast peace.
    (AP, 9/23/11)
2011        Sep 23, In Israel a car crash killed an Israeli settlement father and his infant son in the West Bank. An investigation found that he lost control of his car after he was hit in the head by a stone.
    (AP, 9/28/11)
2011        Sep 23, Kyrgyzstan's PM Almazbek Atambayev said he will step aside and hand duties over to his deputy in order to run in the Central Asian nation's Oct. 30 presidential election.
    (AP, 9/23/11)
2011        Sep 23, In Libya Kadhafi spokesman Mussa Ibrahim called for continued resolve against "agents and traitors." A fighter for the interim government helping desperate residents flee Kadhafi's hometown of Sirte was killed and a packed family car was destroyed when pro-Kadhafi forces fired on their convoy. The UN atomic agency confirmed the existence of raw uranium in Libya.
    (AFP, 9/23/11)
2011        Sep 23, Hurricane Hilary moved away from Mexico's southwestern coast in the Pacific as a powerful Category 4 storm, and search teams recovered the bodies of three fishermen caught in the storm.
    (AP, 9/23/11)
2011        Sep 23, Morocco announced that an Al-Qaida-linked militant cell planning attacks inside the country has been dismantled. The 3-man cell was based in Casablanca.
    (SFC, 9/24/11, p.A2)(AP, 10/2/11)
2011        Sep 23, In Nigeria a 40-foot container of explosive materials was intercepted at the port of Tin Can in Lagos. The container, which arrived a week ago, originated from China and was falsely declared to contain industrial spares and children's toys.
    (AFP, 9/24/11)
2011        Sep 23, Nigerian officials said a fresh cholera outbreak in the north has killed at least six people, raising the overall toll in the country to more than over 200 in recent months.
    (AFP, 9/23/11)
2011        Sep 23, Palestinians calling for UN recognition of a Palestinian state clashed with Israeli soldiers in the West Bank, just hours before their president, Mahmoud Abbas, was to deliver his widely anticipated request to the world body.
    (AP, 9/23/11)
2011        Sep 23, Sierra Leone's albinos launched an association to defend their rights and asked the government for jobs and scholarships to help them fight marginalization.
    (AFP, 9/23/11)
2011        Sep 23, The Satellite Sentinel Project said images from Sudan show heavily camouflaged military equipment and several thousand troops moving south toward the rebel stronghold of Kurmuk in Blue Nile state. The group said the force appears to be equipped with tanks, artillery and infantry fighting vehicles.
    (AP, 9/23/11)
2011        Sep 23, Syrian security forces opened fire on thousands of protesters calling for the opposition to unite against Assad's regime. The high command of the Syrian armed forces announces the death of the army's deputy chief of staff, General Bassam Najm Eddin Antakiali, who succumbed after suffering a heart attack.
    (AP, 9/23/11)(AFP, 9/24/11)
2011        Sep 23, Yemeni President Ali Abdullah Saleh made a surprise return home after more than three months of medical treatment in Saudi Arabia. He immediately called for a cease-fire and said negotiations were the only way out of the crisis. One person was killed overnight after mortars hit the square in central Sanaa where protesters demanding Saleh's ouster have been camped out for months.
    (AP, 9/23/11)

2011        Sep 24, NASA’s 20-year-old, 6-ton Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite (UARS) fell back to Earth. NASA calculations later showed the satellite entered Earth's atmosphere generally above American Samoa. But falling debris as it broke apart didn't start hitting the water for another 300 miles to the northeast, southwest of Christmas Island, just after midnight.
    (AP, 9/24/11)(AP, 9/28/11)
2011        Sep 24, In San Francisco 40 or so naked men and one woman staged a nude-in at Castro and 17th streets to support their right to wander in the buff.
    (SSFC, 9/25/11, p.D3)
2011        Sep 24, In Florida Bob Ward, a millionaire developer who lived in Isleworth, was convicted of murdering his wife in their mansion. Ward was accused of shooting of his wife, Diane, in September 2009.
    (AP, 9/25/11)
2011        Sep 24, In Utah thousands of people stripped to their underwear and ran through Salt Lake City to protest what they called the "uptight" laws of Utah. Guiness World Records later said 2,270 people participated breaking a previous record of 550 set last year in Great Britain.
    (AP, 9/25/11)(SFC, 10/7/11, p.A6)
2011        Sep 24, In Afghanistan an insurgent attack killed one NATO service member. 4 Afghans were wounded in suicide bombings in the east and north. A German tourist was shot dead and two Afghan companions were injured when they were attacked by armed men while traveling in Ghor province.
    (AP, 9/24/11)(AFP, 9/24/11)
2011        Sep 24, Bahraini by-elections, boycotted by the Shiite opposition after it walked out of parliament over violence against pro-democracy activists, registered a poor turnout.
    (AFP, 9/24/11)
2011        Sep 24, In Britain thousands of Muslims rallied at London’s Wembley arena to promote a moderate version of Islam. The rally was led by Muhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri, a Pakistani-born Islamic scholar.
    (SSFC, 9/25/11, p.A4)
2011        Sep 24, In Britain a mother and five of her children were killed when a fire tore through a house in the Neasden district of northwest London.
    (AFP, 9/24/11)
2011        Sep 24, In Chile a massive power blackout affected 9 million people across the country, forcing thousands in the capital to be evacuated from trains or subway cars.
    (AP, 9/24/11)
2011        Sep 23, French oil giant Total said it had restarted production from an offshore oil platform off Libya, making it the first major to return to work since the fall of Kadhafi.
    (AFP, 9/26/11)
2011        Sep 24, Kurdish rebels attacked a Turkish army outpost, killing 5 soldiers and wounding 10 in the country's southeast. Three rebels also were killed.
    (AP, 9/25/11)
2011        Sep 24, In Libya hundreds of revolutionary fighters pushed into Moammar Gadhafi's hometown of Sirte in the first significant assault in about a week as the new rulers try to rout remaining loyalists of the fugitive leader. 7 men were killed and 152 wounded, 17 seriously. Gunmen loyal to Gadhafi crossed the Libyan border from Algeria and attacked revolutionary forces in Ghadamis near the frontier, killing six people.
    (AP, 9/24/11)(AFP, 9/24/11)(AP, 9/25/11)
2011        Sep 24, In Malawi Robert Chasowa (25), a pro-democracy activist, allegedly jumped from a five-story building and left a note saying he was killing himself because politics are dangerous. Chasowa's family and fellow activists said his injuries are not consistent with such a fall. His death raised suspicions amid attacks on anti-government critics.
    (AP, 9/26/11)(Econ, 10/8/11, p.62)
2011        Sep 24, Hundreds of black Mauritanians rallied against a census they see as racist, in protests that turned violent in some cities, and several arrests were made.
    (AFP, 9/25/11)
2011        Sep 24, Mexican police found a woman's decapitated body in the border city of Nuevo Laredo, alongside a handwritten sign saying she was killed in retaliation for her postings on a social networking site. She was identified as Marisol Macias Castaneda, a newsroom manager for the Nuevo Laredo newspaper Primera Hora.
    (AP, 9/24/11)
2011        Sep 24, Russia’s PM Vladimir Putin (58) declared he planned to reclaim the presidency at March elections that could open the way for the former KGB spy to rule until 2024.
    (Reuters, 9/24/11)
2011        Sep 24, In Somalia at least one person was killed by a powerful explosion at the offices of the UN Mine Action Service in Mogadishu.
    (AFP, 9/24/11)
2011        Sep 24, Sri Lanka’s UN diplomat, Major General Shavendra Silva, was served with a summons at his New York residence. A civil case has been filed against Silva on behalf of two people whose relatives were killed in the final days of the conflict, which ended in a military onslaught against Tamil separatists in 2009. The Sri Lankan foreign ministry said Silva is protected by relevant international treaties on diplomatic relations.
    (AP, 9/27/11)
2011        Sep 24, In the UAR voters chosen by the rulers of the United Arab Emirates began casting their ballots in only the second-ever polls to elect half of the members of the powerless Federal National Council. Some 129,000 Emirati citizens were eligible to elect 20 representatives out of 450 candidates, including some 85 women, in 13 voting centers across the Gulf state whose leadership has promised gradual political participation.
    (AFP, 9/24/11)
2011        Sep 24, Venezuelan opposition leader Leopoldo Lopez launched his presidential campaign, challenging President Hugo Chavez to accept him in the race after a human rights court overturned a ban on his candidacy.
    (AP, 9/24/11)
2011        Sep 24, The World Bank said it would nearly quadruple its aid for the drought and famine-struck Horn of Africa to $1.9 billion, saying more than 13 million people require immediate assistance.
    (AFP, 9/24/11)
2011        Sep 24, In Yemen fighting raged in Sanaa, leaving at least 40 dead as forces loyal to President Ali Abdullah Saleh battled pro-opposition soldiers and moved to clear the protest camp at Change Square that has been the epicenter of the country's uprising.
    (AP, 9/24/11)

2011        Sep 25, An Oakland, Ca., police officer fatally shot an armed suspect. The shooting was captured on a camcorder worn by the officer, raising questions about letting the officer view the video in an ongoing investigation.
    (SFC, 10/3/11, p.A1)
2011        Sep 25, In Indiana 5 people were found slain in 2 residences near Laurel.
    (SFC, 9/26/11, p.A4)
2011        Sep 25, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber on a motorbike has detonated his explosives outside a local police headquarters, killing four people in Yahya Khel district, Paktika province. Police officers shot dead two men wearing explosives vests, foiling a planned suicide attack on a government building in Zabul province. The Ministry of Interior said more than 340 rockets have been fired in the past week from Pakistan into two east Afghan provinces. An Afghan employed by the US government killed one American and wounded another in an attack on a CIA office in Kabul. The assailant was killed.
    (AP, 9/25/11)(AP, 9/26/11)(SFC, 9/27/11, p.A2)
2011        Sep 25, Angolan police broke up an anti-government demonstration 10 minutes after about 100 youngsters began a rally in the capital calling for Pres. Dos Santos to resign.
    (AFP, 9/25/11)
2011        Sep 25, A Bahraini special court jailed Mahdi Abu Deib, the head of the teachers' union for 10 years, and his deputy Jalila al-Salman, for three years, among other Shiites over their role in anti-regime protests.
    (AFP, 9/25/11)
2011        Sep 25, Bolivian police used tear gas and truncheons to break up a march by hundreds of indigenous activists protesting plans to build a highway they say will despoil a vast Amazon nature preserve.
    (AP, 9/25/11)
2011        Sep 25, In the Central African Republic rebels of the Convention of Patriots for Justice and Peace (CPJP) attacked a vehicle carrying former rebels of the Union of Democratic Forces for Unity (UFDR) and civilians near Bria, the country's main diamond mining hub. 7 people were killed including a senior local official.
    (AFP, 9/26/11)
2011        Sep 25, In CongoDRC 114 prisoners fled the prison in Tshikapa, Kasai Occidental state, as an ill prisoner was being taken to the hospital. Police soon captured 90 convicts. Prisoners had complained previously over a lack of food and water at the prison and over the death of two prisoners amid those conditions.
    (AP, 9/26/11)
2011        Sep 25, In CongoDRC 19 people died when a truck crashed while carrying goods and people 180 km outside Kinshasa.
    (AP, 9/25/11)
2011        Sep 25, In India a Nano hatchback, billed as the world's cheapest car, caught fire in New Delhi under unexplained circumstances. The next day Tata Motors launched an inquiry.
    (AFP, 9/26/11)
2011        Sep 25, In India 5 young men traveling on top of an overnight train in Rajasthan state were killed when they slammed into a bridge.
    (AFP, 9/25/11)
2011        Sep 25, In Indonesia suicide bomber Achmad Yosepa Hayat attacked the packed Bethel Injil Church in Solo, central Java, wounding at least 27 people, some critically, and sending terrified worshippers rushing out into the streets in panic.
    (AFP, 9/25/11)(AFP, 10/8/11)
2011        Sep 25, In Iraq a series of 4 blasts killed at least 10 people and wounded scores more in what a local official called a sectarian strike on Karbala, whose residents are still reeling from being targeted in a deadly bus hijacking in a Sunni region earlier this month.
    (AP, 9/25/11)
2011        Sep 25, Jamaica's governing party announced that PM Bruce Golding (63) will step down as leader in the coming weeks, possibly averting a rebellion from ruling party members that could have led to his ouster.
    (AP, 9/25/11)
2011        Sep 25, Wangari Maathai (71), Kenyan environmental activist and Nobel Prize winner (2004), died. She founded the Green Belt Movement in 1977.
    (AFP, 9/25/11)
2011        Sep 25, Libyan revolutionary fighters stepped up a siege of Sirte, hoping to wear down loyalist forces a day after an offensive failed to dislodge die-hard loyalists of the fugitive leader.
    (AP, 9/25/11)
2011        Sep 25, In Morocco thousands of protesters turned out in Casablanca to demand deep political reform, unappeased by a recently-agreed package limiting the powers of King Mohammed VI.
    (AFP, 9/25/11)
2011        Sep 25, In Nepal a small plane taking tourists on a sightseeing trip around Mount Everest crashed into a hillside near Kathmandu, killing all 19 people on board.
    (AFP, 9/25/11)
2011        Sep 25, Nigeria’s NEXT newspaper, run by a Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist, stopped publication after 2½ years of muckraking and sometimes controversial coverage of Africa's most populous nation. The newspaper's advertising dwindled in recent months, forcing it from publishing six days a week to only on Sunday.
    (AP, 9/25/11)
2011        Sep 25, Northern Ireland's Gusty Spence (b.1933), a former paramilitary leader turned peacemaker, died.
    (Reuters, 9/25/11)
2011        Sep 25, In the Philippines suspected Muslim militants attacked government troops guarding a school construction site in a rebel stronghold, igniting a clash that killed 13 gunmen, two marines and at least one villager in Sulu province.
    (AP, 9/25/11)
2011        Sep 25, Saudi King Abdullah announced that the nation's women will gain the right to vote and run as candidates in local elections to be held in 2015 in a major advancement for the rights of women in the deeply conservative Muslim kingdom.
    (AP, 9/25/11)
2011        Sep 25, Spain's powerful northeastern region of Catalonia bid farewell to the country's emblematic tradition of bullfighting with a final bash at the Barcelona bullring. A regional ban on the bloody pastime takes effect Jan. 1, 2012.
    (AP, 9/25/11)
2011        Sep 25, Syria pressed on with a crackdown on anti-regiment dissent, dispatching troop reinforcements to the flashpoint province of Homs and security forces near Damascus. The British-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported the death of four people, including that of Hassan Eid, the head of the surgery department at the state-run hospital in Homs, who was shot dead outside his home. Gunmen kidnapped 14 army officers in an ambush that killed six soldiers and a security agent outside the town of Qusair near the border with Lebanon.
    (AFP, 9/25/11)(AP, 9/26/11)
2011        Sep 25, Thailand authorities rescued nearly 100 endangered pangolins, scaly anteaters worth about $32,000, that they say were to be sold and eaten outside the country.
    (AP, 9/26/11)
2011        Sep 25, In Western Sahara 7 people, including two policemen, were killed in fighting that broke out after a weekend football match in Dakhla. On Oct 11 jail terms were announced for 11 people over their involvement in the clashes.
    (AFP, 9/27/11)(AFP, 10/11/11)
2011        Sep 25, Yemeni government troops opened fire on protesters in the capital Sanaa, wounding at least 18 people.
    (AP, 9/25/11)
2011        Sep 25, Zambia's new President Michael Sata, the first elected Catholic head of state, said his government would follow the tenets of the 10 Biblical Commandments.
    (AFP, 9/25/11)

2011        Sep 26, The US Congress finessed a dispute over disaster aid and advanced legislation to avoid a partial government shutdown only days away.
    (AP, 9/27/11)
2011        Sep 26, The US Postal Service abandoned a long-standing rule that stamps cannot feature people still living and asked the public for suggestions.
    (SFC, 9/27/11, p.A8)
2011        Sep 26, In Nevada Arthur Gerald Jones (73), a former Chicago commodities trader arrested in July, pleaded guilty to fraud. He had disappeared over three decades ago from Highland Park, Illinois, and was discovered living in Las Vegas under the assumed name of Joseph Richard Sandelli.
    (Reuters, 9/26/11)
2011        Sep 26, In Argentina an explosion wrecked two homes, a business and several cars, killing a woman and injuring nine people on the outskirts of Buenos Aires. A search turned up a canister of natural gas with a poor connection to a pizza oven.
    (AP, 9/26/11)
2011        Sep 26, Australia opened frontline combat roles to women for the first time in its history under a new policy allowing all military positions to be filled on merit rather than gender.
    (AFP, 9/27/11)
2011        Sep 26, Bolivia's defense minister, Celicia Chacon, resigned in protest over a crackdown in Indians protesting an Amazon highway they say will cause damage to their lands. President Evo Morales says the 190-mile (300-km) highway is essential for Bolivia's economy. It is to connect Brazil with Pacific ports in Chile and Peru. President Evo Morale late in the day suspended construction of the planned Amazon highway.
    (AP, 9/26/11)
2011        Sep 26, A new British law, the Prisoners' Earnings Act, went into effect. Inmates earning more than £20 ($31, €23) a week after deductions will see 40% deducted from what remains.
    (AFP, 9/26/11)
2011        Sep 26, Cambodian officials said nearly 100 people have died in recent flooding with 100,000 families affected and some 100,000 acres of rice fields inundated.
    (SFC, 9/27/11, p.A2)
2011        Sep 26, In China 2 Tibetan monks, Lobsang Kalsang and Lobsang Konchok (believed to be 18 or 19 years old), set themselves on fire at the Kirti Monastery in a protest over China's tight rein over Buddhist practices, as the Chinese government reiterated it will choose the next Dalai Lama. Both were rescued by police, suffered slight burns and were in stable condition.
    (AP, 9/26/11)
2011        Sep 26, In the Dominican Rep. Roman Buchenauer (31), a German man, killed his Venezuelan wife, Rosmery Rivas (29), a young daughter (9) and three family pets and then hanged himself in an upscale residence in the tourist city of Sosua.
    (AP, 9/29/11)
2011        Sep 26, Indian officials said monsoon rains have destroyed mud huts and flooded wide swaths of the north and east, killing at least 48 people in recent days and leaving hundreds of thousands marooned by raging waters.
    (AP, 9/26/11)
2011        Sep 26, In northern Iraq roadside bomb killed 3 people in Kirkuk. Gunmen in Baghdad assassinated a senior finance ministry official and wounded a senior judge. Army Brig. Gen. Talib Balaasim was killed in a drive-by shooting in western Baghdad. On May 15, 2012, bodyguards of Vice President Tariq al-Hashemi testified that al-Hashemi told them to kill Balaasim and paid $3,000 for the job.
    (AP, 9/26/11)(SFC, 9/27/11, p.A2)(AP, 5/16/12)
2011        Sep 26, Undercover Israeli police officers arrested Ahmed Abu Atoun, a Hamas lawmaker who had been hiding in the Red Cross' office in east Jerusalem for the past year. Lawmaker Mohammed Abu Teir was taken into custody earlier this month after venturing out of the compound.
    (AP, 9/26/11)
2011        Sep 26, Israel's national museum and the international web giant Google led a project, that put five Dead Sea scrolls online today. The scrolls include the biblical Book of Isaiah.
    (AP, 9/26/11)
2011        Sep 26, Italian oil giant ENI said it has resumed oil production in Libya more than six months after civil unrest brought oil and gas output in the country to a near standstill.
    (AFP, 9/26/11)
2011        Sep 26, In Indian-controlled Kashmir fierce fighting erupted between rebels and government forces. 4 days of fighting left at least 9 people dead.
    (AP, 9/28/11)(AFP, 9/29/11)
2011        Sep 26, Kuwaiti telecoms giant Zain, currently negotiating to sell its operations in Saudi Arabia, said it will challenge a court ruling that annulled the election of its board of directors, adding that the verdict will have no impact on its operations. A lower court a day earlier scrapped an April election for Zain's board, saying it was legally flawed.
    (AFP, 9/26/11)
2011        Sep 26, Hundreds of Libyan civilians fled Gadhafi's hometown of Sirte to escape growing shortages of food and medicine and escalating fears that their homes will be struck during fighting between revolutionary forces and regime loyalists.
    (AP, 9/26/11)
2011        Sep 26, Myanmar democracy activists freshly tested the new government's avowed tolerance for dissent by gathering peacefully at a central landmark in the country's biggest city in honor of giant protests four years ago.
    (AP, 9/26/11)
2011        Sep 26, Anglo-Dutch oil group Shell said it has shut in 25,000 barrels per day of crude in a southern Nigerian oil field due to spills caused by sabotage and theft.
    (AFP, 9/26/11)
2011        Sep 26, In Northern Ireland a failed car bomb, planted on a road junction in Londonderry, snarled traffic until it was removed the next day. Police arrested three suspected Irish Republican Army dissidents.
    (AP, 9/27/11)
2011        Sep 26, Philippine authorities evacuated more than 100,000 people, closed schools and grounded flights as Typhoon Nesat, one of the biggest typhoons of the year, bore down on the Southeast Asian country.
    (AFP, 9/26/11)
2011        Sep 26, In Portugal George Wright (68), named as one of the hijackers of a Delta flight in 1972, was taken into custody by local police. The US government sought his extradition for escaping from a New Jersey jail after being convicted of murder. Wright was convicted of the 1962 murder of gas station owner Walter Patterson, a decorated World War II veteran shot during a robbery at his business in Wall, New Jersey. In November a Lisbon court denied the US request for his extradition.
    (AP, 9/28/11)(AP, 11/17/11)
2011        Sep 26, Russia’s influential finance minister, Alexei Kudrin, was forced out after a television confrontation with Pres. Dmitri Medvedev.
    (SFC, 9/27/11, p.A2)
2011        Sep 26, Spain's PM Zapatero dissolved Parliament, setting the stage for a Nov. 20 general election that is likely to focus on an economy saddled with 21 percent unemployment, anemic growth and gloomy future prospects.
    (AP, 9/26/11)
2011        Sep 26, In Sudan police fired tear gas and used batons to break up a protest in Khartoum against the punitive rise in food prices, witnesses said, with protesters burning tires and demanding cheaper food.
    (AFP, 9/27/11)
2011        Sep 26, In Yemen anti-government tribesmen overran an army base housing an elite unit north Sanaa, capturing 30 soldiers and dealing a blow to the prestige of the powerful Republican Guards led by the son of the country's embattled president.
    (AP, 9/26/11)

2011        Sep 27, Anthony Mangione (50), the chief of US Immigration and Customs in South Florida, was indicted on child pornography charges. US federal investigators had found child pornography images on his computer last April.
    (SFC, 9/29/11, p.A8)
2011        Sep 27, The US Census Bureau released figures indicating that same-sex households had increased by 80% over the past decade.
    (SFC, 9/28/11, p.A1)
2011        Sep 27, The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said that 72 illnesses were linked to tainted Colorado cantaloupe. Colorado state and local officials said they are investigating three additional deaths that may be connected. Cantaloupes from Jensen Farms were recalled on Sep 10. The listeria outbreak left 33 people dead. On Sep 26, 2013, Eric and Ryan Jensen were arested on charges of introducing adulterated food into interstate commerce. On Oct 22, 2013, Eric and Ryan pleaded guilty to misdemeanor charges.
    (AP, 9/28/11)(SFC, 10/1/11, p.A6)(SFC, 9/27/13, p.A7)(SFC, 10/22/12, p.A5)
2011        Sep 27, In Utah Uta von Schwedler (49) was found dead in her bathtub in Salt Lake City. On March 12, 2015 her ex-husband, pediatrician John Brickman Wall (51), was convicted of her murder.
    (http://tinyurl.com/poayapn)(SFC, 3/14/15, p.A7)
2011        Sep 27, In western Afghanistan 16 wedding guests, including 11 children, were killed when a bus hit a roadside bomb in Herat province. 5 people were killed in a suicide car bombing near the police headquarters in Lashkar Gah, southern Helmand province. Police claimed pro-government forces killed 25 Taliban insurgents who attacked a logistics convoy in Ghazni province. NATO captured Haji Mali Khan, a senior Haqqani leader inside Afghanistan along with other insurgents. Khan’s arrest was later described as a "significant milestone" in disrupting the terror group's operations.
    (AFP, 9/27/11)(AFP, 9/28/11)(AP, 10/1/11)
2011        Sep 27, Algerian residents and security officials said troops have killed five militants in a large operation against hideouts used by Al-Qaeda's regional franchise east of the capital.
    (AFP, 9/27/11)
2011        Sep 27, In Australia thousands of international air travelers faced delays as Customs and Border Protection officers walked off the job at airports across the country after workers rejected a 9 percent pay rise over three years.
    (AP, 9/27/11)
2011        Sep 27, Protesters demanding that Brazil's legislators sweep out corruption planted 594 brooms in front of Congress so the 513 members of the House and the 81 senators could see them the next morning.
    (AP, 9/28/11)
2011        Sep 27, Police in northeastern Brazil began arresting members of three families who are believed to have killed 95 people as part of a feud that stretches back years. The Oliveira, Veras and Suassuna families are suspected of murdering 64 members of rival clans. They're also suspected of executing 31 people within their own families.
    (AP, 9/28/11)
2011        Sep 27, In Brazil a Guarani Indian, Teodoro Ricardi, was beaten and stabbed to death near the town of Paranhos, Mato Grosso do Sul state. The area has been the scene of much violence against indigenous people. Activists said his killers were apparently hired by a local rancher occupying land claimed by the Guarani tribe.
    (AP, 9/31/11)
2011        Sep 27, BAE Systems, Europe's biggest defense contractor, said it will cut nearly 3,000 jobs in Britain as smaller global defense budgets hit orders for its fighter jets.
    (AP, 9/27/11)
2011        Sep 27, In China a Shanghai subway train crashed into a stopped train during a signal failure, injuring more than 270 people.
    (AP, 9/27/11)
2011        Sep 27, In Egypt assailants in two pickup trucks struck a pumping station on a gas pipeline to Israel about 15 miles (25 km) west of the region's main city of el-Arish before, causing a loud explosion and fire.
    (AP, 9/27/11)
2011        Sep 27, In Germany an artist identified as Wolfgang B. (60), admitted in court that he faked 14 modern paintings that sold for millions of dollars. 4 people were accused of fraud totaling $22 million in the case in Cologne.
    (SFC, 9/28/11, p.A4)
2011        Sep 27, In Guinea clashes between police and opposition demonstrators left at least 2 dead and several injured, after the opposition, demanding electoral reform, defied a government ban on rallies.
    (AFP, 9/27/11)(AFP, 9/28/11)
2011        Sep 27, Indian air force helicopters dropped food parcels and hundreds of boats shuttled stranded people to safer ground as surging floodwaters hit eastern India. 5 people were missing in addition to the 79 killed in Orissa state since Sep 23. Flooding also killed at least 44 since Sep 23 in northern Uttar Pradesh and Bihar states.
    (AP, 9/27/11)(AFP, 9/28/11)
2011        Sep 27, In Iraq a late night car bomb killed three people and wounding 10 others near a popular restaurant in a Shiite neighborhood in southwestern Baghdad.
    (AP, 9/28/11)
2011        Sep 27, Israel's government granted the go-ahead for construction of 1,100 new housing units in occupied east Jerusalem, raising already heightened tensions fueled by last week's Palestinian move to seek UN membership.
    (AP, 9/27/11)
2011        Sep 27, The 6th annual Internet Governance Forum opened in Nairobi, Kenya. The theme this year was “Internet as a catalyst for change: access, development, freedoms and innovation."
    (Econ, 10/1/11, p.63)(www.intgovforum.org/cms/)
2011        Sep 27, Kyrgyzstan officials said Gazpromneft-Aero Kyrgyzstan, a Russian-controlled company, will soon start supplying 20 percent of the aviation fuel to the Manas Transit Center, strategically vital US air base, and it could eventually increase that share. Family members of the two previous Kyrgyz presidents, both of whom were overthrown in popular uprisings, have been accused of profiting from dealings with the base.
    (AP, 9/27/11)
2011        Sep 27, Libyan revolutionary forces battled their way into the eastern outskirts of Moammar Gadhafi's hometown of Sirte, in a bid to link up with anti-Gadhafi fighters besieging the city from the west and tighten the noose around the loyalist stronghold. Anti-Kadhafi fighters overran Sirte's port. A member of the NTC said that formation of a transitional government, already delayed by squabbling over power-sharing, has been postponed until the entire country is liberated.
    (AP, 9/27/11)(AFP, 9/27/11)
2011        Sep 27, Mexican police found five severed heads in front of a primary school in the Pacific coast resort of Acapulco.
    (AP, 9/28/11)
2011        Sep 27, NATO troops shot at Serb protesters after the military alliance's troops were attacked near Kosovo's border with Serbia.
    (AP, 9/27/11)
2011        Sep 27, Typhoon Nesat smashed into the Philippines, leaving at least 35 people dead, with the capital Manila enduring waist-deep floods, blackouts and dramatic storm surges.
    (AFP, 9/27/11)(AP, 9/29/11)
2011        Sep 27, In Saudi Arabia Shaima Jastaina was sentenced to be lashed 10 times with a whip for defying the kingdom’s prohibition on driving.
    (SFC, 9/28/11, p.A2)
2011        Sep 27, Scotland's First Minister Alex Salmond announced a new 35-million-pound offshore wind technology fund at the start of a two-day Scottish low carbon investment conference.
    (Reuters, 9/27/11)
2011        Sep 27, Spanish police arrested five Algerians suspected of helping finance an al-Qaida-linked terror group in North Africa. On Oct 1 they were freed by a judge who said there was no significant evidence against them.
    (AP, 9/27/11)(AP, 10/2/11)
2011        Sep 27, Syrian government troops firing machine guns mounted on tanks stormed the rebellious town of Rastan as part of military operations aimed at crushing the six-month-old uprising against President Assad. Security operations also took place in the northwestern region of Jabal al-Zawiya with at least two people killed.
    (AP, 9/27/11)
2011        Sep 27, Sudanese security officers shut down the independent Al-Jarida newspaper, in what rights groups say is the latest sign of increasing political repression. Sudanese riot police used tear gas to disperse youths demonstrating in Khartoum against unaffordable food prices, in the second incident of its kind in just two days.
    (AFP, 9/27/11)
2011        Sep 27, The UN refugee agency said some 25,000 people have fled Sudan's troubled Blue Nile state to Ethiopia in the last three weeks amid fighting between the Sudanese army and rebels.
    (AFP, 9/27/11)
2011        Sep 27, In southern Thailand 16 militants in two pick up trucks and motorcycles opened fire on a military outpost in Narathiwat, killing a 21-year-old private and injuring two other troops. A 47-year-old Muslim man was gunned down in a drive-by attack.
    (AFP, 9/28/11)
2011        Sep 27, In Yemen a suicide attacker driving an explosives-laden car blew himself up next to the passing convoy of Defense Minister Maj. Gen. Mohammed Nasser Ahmed, who escaped the attack unharmed. At least 10 were wounded in the blast. Attackers in the south struck a major oil pipeline in the city of Marib, causing a disruption in oil exports.
    (AP, 9/27/11)

2011        Sep 28, A man was arrested and accused of plotting an assault on the Pentagon and US Capitol using remote-controlled aircraft armed with explosive. Rezwan Ferdaus (26) was arrested in Framingham, Mass., after undercover federal agents delivered materials he had allegedly requested, including grenades, six machine guns and what he believed was 24 pounds of C-4 explosive.
    (AP, 9/29/11)
2011        Sep 28, Amazon.com CEO Jeff Beezos unveiled the new Kindle Fire tablet computer to sell for $199, compared with $499 for Apple’s least expensive iPad.
    (SFC, 9/29/11, p.A1)
2011        Sep 28, Mir Najibullah Sadat Sahou (68), the former governor of Afghanistan’s central bank, was shot and killed during a suspected robbery near San Diego. Sahou had fled to the United States as a political fugitive. In December the remains of Ismael Lopez, suspected of Sahou, were found by divers off San Diego.
    (SFC, 12/24/11, p.A5)
2011        Sep 28, In Everett, Washington, Leslie Pedersen (69), the stepmother of David Joseph Pedersen was found stabbed to death. On Oct 5 DJ Pedersen (31) and girlfriend Holly Grigsby (24) were arrested in California. Grigsby later admitted to killing Leslie. They were also charged with killing Christian Cody Myers, a 19-year-old Oregon jazz fan on his way to a music festival. The pair also killed DJ’s father, David Jones Pedersen, as well as Alan Clark (54), found dead on Oct 7 in northern California. In 2012 federal racketeering charges were filed in Oregon against David Pedersen and Holly Grigsby alleging that their rampage was part of a white supremacist campaign.
    (SFC, 10/6/11, p.A7)(AP, 10/10/11)(SFC, 10/11/11, p.A6)(SFC, 8/18/12, p.A7)
2011        Sep 28, In southern Afghanistan gunmen killed 8 policemen at checkpoint in Helmand province. In Uruzgan province a district police chief was killed and three of his bodyguards were injured when their vehicle struck a roadside bomb. The UN said the average number of armed clashes, roadside bombings and other violence in the country each month is running 39% higher in 2011 compared to last year. NATO said Afghan and US-led coalition troops destroyed drugs worth more than $350 million and 3 drug laboratories in what is believed to be Afghanistan's largest drug seizure this past decade. A New Zealand special forces soldier was shot in the head and killed during a gunbattle with suspected insurgents in Kabul. 3 foreign soldiers were killed by an improvised explosive device (IED) in the east, and another 3 died in another IED attack in the south, along with two others in separate incidents.
    (AP, 9/28/11)(AFP, 9/28/11)(AFP, 9/29/11)
2011        Sep 28, In Australia popular right-wing columnist Andrew Bolt was found guilty of breaking Australian discrimination law by implying that fair-skinned Aborigines chose to identify as indigenous for profit and career advancement.
    (AP, 9/28/11)
2011        Sep 28, In Bolivia tens of thousands took to the streets in major cities to heap reproach on Pres. Morales over a police crackdown on indigenous protesters marching against a proposed highway through their Amazon reserve.
    (SFC, 9/29/11, p.A2)
2011        Sep 28, A British High Court judge said in a landmark ruling that a brain-damaged, minimally conscious woman should not be allowed to die.
    (Reuters, 9/28/11)
2011        Sep 28, In London Reginald Davis, a 77-year-old man from Australia, was charged with a string of child sex attacks dating back to 1949.
    (AFP, 9/28/11)
2011        Sep 28, In CongoDRC a dozen men scaled the wall of the private television station that supported Etienne Tshisekedi, the country's leading opposition presidential candidate. Investigators said the attackers doused the offices in gasoline and set them ablaze.
    (AP, 9/28/11)
2011        Sep 28, In Denmark a fire has destroyed the 73-year-old K.B. Hallen sports arena in the Copenhagen just hours before a sex fair was to open.
    (AP, 9/28/11)
2011        Sep 28, An Egyptian court convicted Anas al-Fiqqi, former Pres. Mubarak's powerful information minister, on corruption charges and sentenced him to seven years in prison.
    (AP, 9/28/11)
2011        Sep 28, In France a fire in an abandoned building, set for demolition in the city-owned building in the Paris suburb of Pantin, killed six suspected illegal immigrants.
    (AP, 9/28/11)
2011        Sep 28, In Greece a 24-hour public transport strike left Athens without buses, metros, taxis and trams. Customs and tax office workers were also on strike, while about 350 pensioners demonstrated outside the Finance Ministry against pension cuts and tax increases.
    (AP, 9/28/11)
2011        Sep 28, Iran announced the mass production of a new cruise missile, designed to destroy warships and coastal targets. The Qader had a range of 125 miles.
    (SFC, 9/29/11, p.A2)
2011        Sep 28, In Abu Ghraib, Iraq, gunmen wearing military-style uniforms broke into the house of Hameed al-Zobaie, a pro-government Sunni militiaman, and killed five members of his family, including three children.
    (AP, 9/28/11)
2011        Sep 28, Ivory Coast politicians and the country’s most famous soccer player, Chelsea striker Didier Drogba, launched a Truth and Reconciliation Commission that aims to find peace after months of postelection violence rocked the country.
    (AP, 9/28/11)
2011        Sep 28, ANA, a Japanese airline, flew the first commercial Dreamliner into Tokyo. Its first passenger flight was made on Oct 26 from Tokyo to Hong Kong.
    (Econ, 10/1/11, p.42)(SFC, 10/27/11, p.A16)
2011        Sep 28, In Ciudad Juarez, Mexico, the federal Attorney General's Office announced that 10 former federal officers have been arrested and ordered to stand trial on charges of extortion, abuse of authority and drug possession, among others. Prosecutors said the officers were detained earlier this month on a citizen complaint. They were caught with a captive man in their vehicle, who told investigators the police had threatened to plant drugs on him and demanded money in return for releasing him. Federal agents detained Roberto Lopez (32) in Zapopan, a suburb of Guadalajara. He is alleged to be one of four members of the Zetas drug cartel who planned the Aug. 25 arson of the Casino Royale in Monterrey.
    (AP, 9/28/11)(AP, 9/30/11)
2011        Sep 28, In Nigeria Borno state Gov. Kashim Shettima said security forces have arrested a top commander of a radical Muslim sect who is accused of orchestrating attacks in the country's northeast that have left police, clerics and others dead. Police on patrol found the corpses of 12 persons, suspected murdered, with their hands tied at the back, in the Niger Delta region. 10 people were killed after an out-of-control cement truck crashed into a taxi and bus stand in the northern town of Dukku, Gombe state.
    (AP, 9/28/11)(AP, 9/29/11)(AFP, 9/30/11)
2011        Sep 28, Dozens of Palestinian olive trees were destroyed in an attack near the city of Hebron in what local residents called an act of revenge carried out by settlers.
    (AFP, 10/1/11)
2011        Sep 28, Officials said South Africa and Vietnam have launched talks toward an agreement to curb rhino poaching, which has soared in recent years driven by booming demand in Asia.
    (AFP, 9/28/11)
2011        Sep 28, South Sudan UN Rep. Hilde F. Johnson said hundreds of millions of dollars meant for South Sudan's government have been wired to private bank accounts abroad. She called such acts unacceptable. President Salva Kiir announced at UN headquarters that steps were being taken to end impunity for perpetrators.
    (AP, 9/28/11)   
2011        Sep 28, In Sudan a Chinese oil worker was killed and another wounded by unidentified gunmen in South Kordofan, Sudan's only oil producing state where the army is battling insurgents. A leader of the local Misseriya tribe said criminals had carried out the attack on the Chinese workers.
    (AFP, 10/3/11)
2011        Sep 28, Swaziland's King Mswati III fired Judge Thomas Masuku, seen as one of the only critical voices in the kingdom's judiciary. Masuku had already been suspended from the bench in June and faced a series of misdemeanor charges, including insulting Mswati in a 2010 ruling that used the phrase "forked tongue" in reference to the monarch.
    (AFP, 9/28/11)
2011        Sep 28, Syria's state-run news agency said Aws Khalil, a nuclear engineer, has been assassinated in a hail of bullets in the restive central city of Homs. He became the fourth Syrian academic to be assassinated in Homs recently.
    (AP, 9/28/11)
2011        Sep 28, Taiwan said that it plans to upgrade a fleet of 56 home-grown fighters and buy more than 50 trainers as part of a major air force modernization package.
    (AFP, 9/28/11)
2011        Sep 28, In southern Thailand more than a dozen suspected Muslim insurgents attacked a school, killing four soldiers and seriously wounding one child.
    (AFP, 9/28/11)
2011        Sep 28, In Turkey a pro-Kurdish party said it is ending its four-month-old boycott of parliament, even as tensions grew over a surge in attacks by Kurdish separatist rebels.
    (AP, 9/28/11)
2011        Sep 28, In Yemen hundreds of thousands of people demonstrated near Sanaa's Change Square, demanded the ouster of Pres. Saleh. Tribesmen fighting the Republican Guard north of Sanaa shot down a fighter jet.
    (AFP, 9/29/11)

2011        Sep 29, Manssor Arbabsiar (56), a US citizen who holds an Iranian passport, was arrested when he arrived at New York's Kennedy International Airport. Mexico worked closely with US authorities to help foil an alleged $1.5 million plot to kill the Saudi Arabian ambassador to Washington. On Oct 11 Arbabsiar was charged in US District Court in New York with conspiring to kill the Saudi diplomat, Adel Al-Jubeir (49).
    (AP, 10/12/11)
2011        Sep 29, The US Navy said it will turn over the former Alameda Naval Air Station in Alameda, Ca. to the city of Alameda, for free.
    (SFC, 9/30/11, p.C1)
2011        Sep 29, The annual Ig Nobel prizes were awarded at Harvard Univ.
    (SFC, 9/30/11, p.A8)
2011        Sep 29, In Oregon Dale and Shannon Hickman, both 26, were convicted of manslaughter, becoming the latest members of a faith-healing church to be blamed in their child’s death. They were followers of Christ Church, which has a history of rejecting medical care and relying instead on techniques such as prayer and anointing the sick with oils. On Oct 31 the Hickman’s were sentenced to over 6 years in prison.
    (SFC, 9/30/11, p.A8)(http://tinyurl.com/3jncwsz)(SFC, 11/1/11, p.A6)
2011        Sep 29, The Journal of Psychopharmacology reported that researchers at Johns Hopkins had found psilocybin mushrooms can make people more open in their feelings and aesthetic sensibilities.
    (SFC, 9/30/11, p.A9)
2011        Sep 29, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed three NATO service members, while a bomb targeting Afghan policewomen killed three people in Herat.
    (AFP, 9/29/11)
2011        Sep 29, Bahrain's special security court sentenced a protester, Ali Yousef Abdulwahab al-Tawee, to death for killing a policeman, and gave doctors and nurses who treated injured protesters during the country's uprising earlier this year lengthy prison sentences. Appeals were pending.
    (AP, 9/29/11)
2011        Sep 29, a Brazilian judge suspended work on the Belo Monte dam saying it would harm fishing on the Xingu River in Para state. The government planned to appeal.
    (SFC, 9/30/11, p.A2)
2011        Sep 29, British police and medical regulators said Russian gangs and their Chinese associates are making billions of dollars from selling fake and unlicensed medicines over the Internet, putting thousands of people at risk. More than 2.5 million doses of counterfeit, controlled and withdrawn drugs were seized across 79 countries in seven days of raids coordinated by international police organization Interpol under an operation codenamed Pangea that ended on Sep 27.
    (Reuters, 9/29/11)
2011        Sep 29, In south Cameroon armed men dressed as soldiers fired into the air and stopped traffic in Douala, demanding the departure of long-serving President Paul Biya ahead of a controversial poll. Bertin Kisob (36), head of the Cameroonian People's Liberation Army (ALPC), soon claimed responsibility for the action that left one person dead.
    (AFP, 9/29/11)
2011        Sep 29, China ordered manufacturers of potentially toxic products to conduct safety and environmental checks after a recent spate of major anti-pollution protests triggered fears of more unrest.
    (AFP, 9/29/11)
2011        Sep 29, China’s People’s Daily reported that 12 officials in Hunan province have been fire over allegations that family planning officials between 1999 and 2006 had kidnapped children in Longhui county and put them up for adoption.
    (SFC, 9/30/11, p.A3)
2011        Sep 29, China launched an experimental module into space, taking its first step towards building a space station. Tiangong-1, or "Heavenly Palace", took off from the Gobi desert in the northwest, propelled by a Long March 2F rocket.
    (AFP, 9/29/11)
2011        Sep 29, Typhoon Nesat made landfall on the eastern tip of China's Hainan island.
    (AP, 9/29/11)
2011        Sep 29, Cuba announced the elimination of its Ministry of Sugar in a sign of how far the symbolic crop has fallen since its heyday.
    (AP, 9/29/11)
2011        Sep 29, A Danish court sentenced 15 motorbike gang members to jail for six murder attempts on rival gang members. Copenhagen's city court ruled earlier this month that members of the Hells Angels and their support group, AK81, were guilty of a series of shootings in the Danish capital in 2009.
    (AP, 9/29/11)
2011        Sep 29, Egyptian security officials raided the Cairo office of Al Jazeera, roughing up staff and confiscating equipment. This was the second raid this month by authorities complaining the station is operating without permits.
    (AP, 9/29/11)
2011        Sep 29, French President Nicolas Sarkozy arrived in Morocco to kick off work on Africa's fastest rail line, in a bid to highlight France's role in the project.
    (AFP, 9/29/11)
2011        Sep 29, In Indonesia a Casa 212 turboprop plane, carrying 14 passengers including four children, and four crew, went down after departing Medan city, in Sumatra. All 18 were killed.
    (AFP, 9/30/11)(AFP, 10/1/11)
2011        Sep 29, In Iraq a suicide bomber detonated his explosives-packed truck outside a bank in Kirkuk killed at least two people.
    (AFP, 9/29/11)
2011        Sep 29, Kuwait local media said the public prosecutor has expanded an unprecedented probe into the bank accounts of several MPs suspected of receiving illegal deposits. The public prosecutor launched the probe two weeks ago after two banks reported large suspicious amounts being deposited into the bank accounts of a number of MPs. The opposition suggested the money was related to government efforts to buy the loyalty of MPs.
    (AFP, 9/29/11)
2011        Sep 29, In Libya Moamer Kadhafi diehards fought pitched battles with combatants loyal to the new rulers for control of the ousted despot's birthplace Sirte, with the heaviest fighting at the port. Interpol placed another of ousted Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi's sons on the equivalent of its most-wanted list, placing pressure on the government of Niger to surrender a man accused of overseeing bloody repressions. Kadhafi sons Seif al-Islam was said to be in Bani Walid and Mutassim in Sirte.
    (AFP, 9/29/11)
2011        Sep 29, Amnesty Int’l. called on Lithuania to reopen its investigation into CIA prisons and the alleged torturing of terrorist suspects based on what they said was new evidence of a rendition flight to the Baltic state. A Boeing 727 allegedly carrying an al-Qaida suspect, Abu Zubaydah, landed in the Lithuanian capital of Vilnius on Feb. 17, 2005, after taking off from Morocco and refueling in Jordan. Reprieve, a human rights organization, announced earlier this year that it had provided investigators with confidential information that Abu Zubaydah, a Palestinian repeatedly tortured by US investigators had been secretly imprisoned in Lithuania between 2004 and 2006.
    (AP, 9/29/11)
2011        Sep 29, Mexican authorities in Veracruz detained Angel Mora (25), the Zeta drug cartel's alleged top hit man for the disappearance of three marines. Mora, nicknamed "Commander Devil," was detained with one other gunman, Gregorio Maldonado. 
    (AP, 9/30/11)
2011        Sep 29, In the Netherlands author Hella Haasse (93), an award-winning author best known for chronicling colonial life in the Dutch East Indies, died. Haasse's first novel, "Oeroeg" (1948), was an instant hit and has been read at school by generations of Dutch children.
    (AP, 9/30/11)
2011        Sep 29, A Nigerian joint security team including the military and intelligence agents rescued a Romanian engineer along with six Nigerian workers who had been kidnapped earlier in the week in the same state. A truck accident in Gombe state killed 19 people.
    (AFP, 9/30/11)(AP, 10/3/11)
2011        Sep 29, Saudi Arabian men cast ballots in local council elections, the second-ever nationwide vote in the oil-rich kingdom. Women don't have the right to vote this time around, but will be able to do so in 2015. The councils are one of the few elected bodies in the country but have no real power, mandated to offer advice to provincial authorities.
    (AP, 9/29/11)
2011        Sep 29, In Spain a gunman (34) walked into St. Mary's Church in a middle-class neighborhood of Madrid as about 40 people were waiting for Mass to start. He shot a pregnant woman (36) in the head at point-blank range, then proceeded down the center aisle and shot a woman (52) in the chest, then walked a bit further, knelt down in front of the altar and shot himself dead. The 2nd victim survived. Paramedics cut the baby from the mother and revived him following cardio-respiratory arrest. The victims were apparently shot at random. The infant died on Oct 3.
    (AP, 9/30/11)(AP, 10/4/11)
2011        Sep 29, In Sweden the winners of Right Livelihood Awards, sometimes referred to as the alternative Nobel prizes, were announced. Human rights activist Jacqueline Moudeina of Chad; Spanish-based nonprofit GRAIN; and American midwifery educator Ina May Gaskin will share the euro150,000 ($205,000) cash award. Chinese solar power pioneer Huang Ming received an honorary award for developing "cutting-edge technologies."
    (AP, 9/29/11)
2011        Sep 29, In Venezuela 2 commuter trains collided outside Caracas, killing at least one person and injuring about 30.
    (AP, 9/29/11)
2011        Sep 29, In Yemen fierce clashes erupted in Sanaa between troops loyal to embattled President Ali Abdullah Saleh and forces led by defected General Ali Mohsen al-Ahmar. One civilian was killed and five others were wounded in overnight bombing in Taez.
    (AFP, 9/29/11)

2011        Sep 30, The Connecticut Supreme court ruled that the Bishop Seabury Church in Groton, which broke away from the Episcopal Church after it consecrated its first gay bishop in 2003, cannot keep its building and land.
    (SFC, 10/1/11, p.A4)
2011        Sep 30, In Connecticut a 20-month-old girl died after being attacked by as many as three pit bulls inside an apartment house in West Haven. The dogs were euthanized.
    (Reuters, 10/1/11)
2011        Sep 30, Massachusetts police arrested Steven Bernard Hill, a singer known for his 1990 chart-topping love song, on charges of owing $420,000 in unpaid child support. Hill, who  performs as Stevie B, is best known for the song "Because I Love You (The Postman Song)." It reached No. 1 on the Billboard charts in late 1990.
    (AP, 10/3/11)
2011        Sep 30, The Tevatron particle accelerator at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory in Batavia, Illinois, was shut down.
    (Econ, 10/1/11, p.85)(http://tinyurl.com/42odxlf)
2011        Sep 30, Ralph Steinman of Rockefeller University in New York, co-winner of this year's Nobel Prize in medicine, died. His prize was announced Oct 3.
    (AP, 10/3/11)
2011        Sep 30, Afghan President Hamid Karzai said in a videotaped speech that attempts to negotiate with the Taliban insurgent movement are futile and efforts at dialogue should focus instead on Pakistan.
    (AP, 10/1/11)
2011        Sep 30, Canada’s Supreme Court ruled that the Insite clinic in Vancouver, North America’s only legal drub abuser injection site, saves lives and should stay open.
    (SFC, 10/1/11, p.A2)
2011        Sep 30, Central African Republic health minister Jean-Michel Mandaba said a new cholera epidemic has hit the country and has already claimed at least 10 victims in the south.
    (AFP, 9/31/11)
2011        Sep 30, In Egypt several thousand protesters demanded the country's military rulers put an end to emergency laws dating back to the rule of ousted President Hosni Mubarak. A church was burned down in Merinab village after Aswan provincial governor Mustafa al-Seyyed was reported as saying Copts had built it without the required planning permission.
    (AP, 9/30/11)(AFP, 10/4/11)
2011        Sep 30, In Greece a man (36) wanted for possible ties to the domestic Revolutionary Struggle terror group handed himself to Athens prosecutors and will go on trial next week. The man will be among eight suspected members, aged between 31 and 42, going on trial beginning Oct. 5. Three of the eight, Nikos Maziotis, Panayiota Roupa and Kostas Gournas, have admitted being members of the group and claim to be political prisoners.
    (AP, 9/30/11)
2011        Sep 30, A Hong Kong court ruled that a law banning foreign maids from permanent residency is unconstitutional in a landmark case that could pave the way for a flood of applications. The legal action brought by Evangeline Banao Vallejos (59), a domestic helper from the Philippines who has lived in the city since 1986.
    (AFP, 9/30/11)
2011        Sep 30, Iran’s Fars news agency said pastor Yusef Nadarkhani, arrested for apostasy in 2009, will not face the death penalty but is a traitorous "Zionist" who has committed "security crimes."
    (AFP, 10/2/11)
2011        Sep 30, In central Iraq a car bomb ripped through a funeral procession near a mosque in Babil province, killing 17 people. Three people were killed, including a policeman, in multiple attacks in the restive province of Diyala. In Baghdad a roadside bomb targeting a shop selling birds in the Zafraniyah neighborhood killed at least one person.
    (AP, 9/31/11)(SFC, 10/1/11, p.A2)
2011        Sep 30, A Mauritanian official said that police have arrested 56 people following violent clashes over a population census.
    (AP, 9/30/11)
2011        Sep 30, In Mexico a 13-year-old girl was abducted in Chihuahua state. Two soldiers were detained, hours after the girl's parents reported she had been abducted. A third civilian suspect was still at large.
    (AP, 10/3/11)
2011        Sep 30, Myanmar's President Thein Sein ordered a halt to construction of the Myitsone dam, a controversial $3.6 billion mega dam, following rare public opposition over the Chinese-backed hydropower project. Myitsone was just one of 7 dams planned for the upper Irrawaddy.
    (AFP, 9/30/11)(Econ, 10/8/11, p.51)
2011        Sep 30, Namibian tribal leaders took possession of the skulls of 20 of their countrymen, taken by German colonial forces more than a century ago for racial experiments. The 9 Herero and 11 Nama skulls, four females and 16 male, had arrived in Berlin, between 1909-1914. Germany's colonial power in Africa included the bloody suppression of a Herero and Nama uprising between 1904 and 1908 that left tens of thousands dead.
    (AP, 9/30/11)
2011        Sep 30, Gunmen attacked a ship supplying an Exxon Mobil Corp. offshore oil rig near the coast of Nigeria, kidnapping a sailor and leaving another wounded.
    (AP, 9/31/11)
2011        Sep 30, In Pakistan a US missile strike killed three suspected militants in the South Waziristan tribal area.
    (AP, 9/30/11)
2011        Sep 30, Two former Rwandan ministers were jailed for 30 years by the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) for involvement in the country's 1994 genocide. Former public service minister Prosper Mugiraneza and his then trade counterpart Justin Mugenzi were convicted of complicity to commit genocide and incitement to commit genocide. The Tanzania-based tribunal acquitted 2 other ministers charged with similar offences due to lack of evidence.
    (AFP, 9/30/11)
2011        Sep 30, In Somalia heavy fighting broke out close to the border with Kenya. Extremist Shehab fighters launched a dawn attack on the town of Dhobley, but were later repelled.
    (AFP, 9/30/11)
2011        Sep 30, Spain took over savings banks (cajas) valuing their equity at close to zero.
    (Econ, 10/8/11, p.88)
2011        Sep 30, Sri Lanka's government released nearly 1,800 former Tamil Tiger rebels who had been held since the island nation's civil war ended more than two years ago.
    (AP, 9/30/11)
2011        Sep 30, Sudan failed to meet an agreed troop withdrawal deadline for the contested Abyei region and blocked the return of displaced southern residents.
    (AFP, 9/31/11)
2011        Sep 30, Syrian troops in Rastan fought intense battles with hundreds of fellow soldiers who have turned their weapons against the regime of Pres. Assad. Troops also clashed with armed anti-regime forces in central regions. Across the country tens of thousands of demonstrators took to the streets, braving gunfire by government forces who have waged a relentless crackdown. At least 11 protesters were killed and scores were wounded.
    (AP, 9/30/11)
2011        Sep 30, Typhoon Nesat whacked into Vietnam, forcing 20,000 people to be evacuated. Prolonged monsoon flooding, typhoons and storms have wreaked untold havoc in Asian countries, leaving more than 600 people dead or missing in India, Thailand, the Philippines, Japan, China, Pakistan and Vietnam in the last four months.
    (AP, 9/30/11)
2011        Sep 30, In Yemen US airstrikes killed Anwar al-Awlaki (b.1971), an American militant cleric who became a prominent figure in the terror network's most dangerous branch, using his fluent English and Internet savvy to draw recruits for attacks in the United States. Yemen's Defense Ministry said Samir Khan, another American militant, was killed in the same strike. Khan, a US citizen of Pakistani heritage, had produced "Inspire," an English-language al-Qaida Web magazine that spread the word on ways to carry out attacks inside the United States. Ibrahim al-Asiri, a top Al-Qaida bomb maker, also died in the strike.
    (AP, 9/30/11)(SFC, 10/1/11, p.A3)

2011        Sep, A Florida homeowner first spotted a giant African land snail. By 2013 more than 1,000 of the mollusks were being caught each week in Miami-Dade and 117,000 in total since the first spotting. A typical snail can produce about 1,200 eggs a year and the creatures are a particular pest in homes because of their fondness for stucco, devoured for the calcium content they need for their shells.
    (Reuters, 4/14/13)
2011        Sep, As of early September Illinois owed on 166,000 unpaid bills worth a breathtaking $5 billion, with nearly half of that amount more than a month overdue and hundreds of bills dating back to 2010. The true backlog was even higher because some bills have not yet been approved for payment and officially added to the tally. The General Assembly has accepted the unpaid bills as an unpleasant necessity while Illinois claws its way out of deficits that once topped $13 billion.
    (AP, 10/15/11)
2011        Sep, China’s government shut down the popular “Happy Girl," a TV talent show that allowed a studio audience to vote for contestants. The show had replaced “Super Girl" in 2009, which had allowed viewers to vote for contestants via text messages.
    (Econ, 9/24/11, p.53)
2011        Sep, In CongoDRC an initiative by Invisible Children launched the LRA Crisis Tracker web site along with Resolve to map out LRA incidents, mostly in northern Congo. New high frequency radios were being distributed to help track the Lord's Resistance Army, a brutal militia that 100 US special forces troops were currently helping hunt.
    (AP, 11/8/11)
2011        Sep, The Way-C, an African handheld tablet to rival the iPad and similar western inventions, was first presented to the public in the Congo Republic by its inventor Verone Mankou (26). It was assembled in China and went on sale in Brazzaville on Jan 30, 2012.
    (AFP, 1/30/12)
2011        Sep, In Morocco Mouad Belghouat (24), a rapper nicknamed "Al-Haqed" (the Vengeful One, in Arabic), was arrested after a brawl with a monarchist. He served four months in a Casablanca prison for assault but was acquitted of another charge.
    (AFP, 1/12/12)
2011        Sep, Two professors of a military academy in St. Petersburg were charged with espionage for allegedly selling Russian military secrets to China.
    (AP, 10/6/11)
2011        Sep, A mammoth was excavated from the Siberian permafrost after it was found by a Russian boy named Jenya (11). In 2012 scientists suggested that the mammoth might have been killed by human hunters 20-30 thousand years ago.
    (SFC, 10/6/12, p.A4)

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