Timeline 2011 October - December

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2011        Oct 1, In northern California a Sacramento SWAT team shot and killed Aaron Bassler (35), a suspect in two previous north coast murders.
    (SSFC, 10/2/11, p.A1)
2011        Oct 1, In NYC more than 700 of protesters, speaking out against corporate greed and other grievances, were arrested during a march on the Brooklyn Bridge in a tense confrontation with police. The group Occupy Wall Street has been camped out in a plaza in Manhattan's Financial District for nearly two weeks staging various marches.
    (AP, 10/2/11)
2011        Oct 1, Afghanistan's intelligence service said it has given Pakistan hard evidence that Rabbani's Sep 20 assassination was planned in the southern outskirts of Quetta where key Taliban leaders are based. 7 Afghan soldiers were killed when their vehicle hit a roadside bomb in eastern Paktia province. One NATO service member died in a bomb attack in the south.
    (AP, 10/1/11)(AP, 10/2/11)
2011        Oct 1, In Belarus Dmitry Uss, one of the seven opposition presidential candidates arrested after last year's election, was released from jail after a pardon from authoritarian President Alexander Lukashenko. Two other candidates remained in prison, serving sentences of five to six years. Two others were given suspended sentences and freed nearly five months after their arrest. Another has fled the country and been given asylum in the Czech Republic. The seventh was released several days after his arrest.
    (AP, 10/2/11)
2011        Sep 30, In Brazil a law professor shot and killed one of his female students in Brasilia and hours later drove her body to a police station where he turned himself in. Rendrik Vieira Rodrigues fired three bullets into the head of Suenia Souza Farias (24), apparently because she wanted to end their 3-month-old relationship.
    (AP, 10/2/11)
2011        Oct 1, Cigarette vending machines were banned in England, a move the government hopes will cut the numbers of children smoking.
    (AFP, 10/1/11)
2011        Oct 1, Mitchell Harrison (23), a convicted child rapist, was found dead in his cell at HM Prison Frankland, England. He was jailed in 2009 for raping a 13-year-old girl in Kendal, Cumbria. A post-mortem found he died from multiple injuries. Two men, aged 32 and 23, were soon charged with his murder.
    (AFP, 10/3/11)
2011        Oct 1, Cameroon police arrested 50 activists from the Southern Cameroons National Council demonstrating in the city of Buea.
    (AP, 10/1/11)
2011        Oct 1, In China angry Tibetans protested in Seda, a county seat in eastern Sichuan province, a tense area of southwestern China on the country's National Day after a Tibetan flag and a photo of the Dalai Lama were torn down.
    (AP, 10/2/11)
2011        Oct 1, Denmark imposed a “fat tax" on foods such as butter and oil as a way to curb unhealthy eating habits.
    (SFC, 10/3/11, p.A2)
2011        Oct 1, The French press called Aga Kahn’s divorce settlement the most expensive in French history. A court has ordered Kahn, a billionaire and spiritual leader to 20 million Muslims, to pay $80 million to Gabriele Thyssen. He married the German princess in 1998.
    (SSFC, 10/2/11, p.A4)
2011        Oct 1, Guyana’s Pres. Bharrat Jagdeo banned an opposition television station from broadcasting for four months for airing a slanderous comment about Bishop Juan Edghill, a close presidential associate.
    (SSFC, 10/2/11, p.A4)
2011        Oct 1, Icelanders, angry over citizen costs for the country’s economic crises, pelted lawmakers with eggs during a protest at the opening of the new parliamentary session in Reykjavik.
    (SSFC, 10/2/11, p.A4)
2011        Oct 1, Israeli settlers from Yitzhar, near Nablus, invaded Palestinian olive groves in the West Bank and uprooted 200 trees around the villages of Hawwara and Ein Nabus.
    (AFP, 10/1/11)
2011        Oct 1, The Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA), a multi-national agreement for the purpose of establishing international standards for intellectual property rights enforcement, was signed in Tokyo. Ratification by 6 countries was required for the convention to come into force.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anti-Counterfeiting_Trade_Agreement)
2011        Oct 1, In Jordan ex-MP Leith Shbeilat, an outspoken opposition figure and former member of parliament, was pelted with stones while making a speech criticizing the slow pace of reform in the kingdom.
    (AFP, 10/2/11)
2011        Oct 1, In Kenya 10 gunmen snatched Marie Dedieu (66), a disabled Frenchwoman, from her home near a luxury resort on Manda island and then fled towards Somalia. Kenyan coastguards attempted to intercept them at sea. Several of the abductors were injured but they managed to enter Somalia.
    (AP, 10/1/11)(AFP, 10/2/11)
2011        Oct 1, Libyan fighters completely surrounded Moammar Gadhafi's hometown of Sirte and engaged in heavy clashes with his loyalists on the city's streets. A path was left for civilians who still wanted to leave the coastal city. A family of four was killed while driving out from the Gadhafi holdout toward the revolutionaries positions. NATO planes hit a command and control node, an infantry and anti-aircraft artillery staging area, two armed vehicles, four armored infantry vehicles and a tank in and around Sirte.
    (AP, 10/1/11)(AFP, 10/2/11)
2011        Oct 1, In Mexico two gunmen shot to death a 22-year-old man near a Walmart store on the beachside avenue Costera Miguel Aleman.
    (AP, 10/3/11)
2011        Oct 1, Morocco’s national intelligence agency said a five-man militant group, operating in the cities of Casablanca and Sale, has been dismantled. An agency report said one of the members was related to a high-ranking al-Qaida operative in Iraq.
    (AP, 10/2/11)
2011        Oct 1, In northeastern Nigeria attackers used explosives and gunfire to target an army patrol near a wedding, killing at least three civilians in Maiduguri. In a separate incident, a butcher and his assistant were shot dead by gunmen in Maiduguri.
    (AFP, 10/2/11)
2011        Oct 1, Francois Abu Salem (b.1951), a French actor and director and long-time West Bank resident, died in Ramallah. He was the co-founder of the El-Hakawati Theatre Company, which later grew into the Palestinian National Theatre, in east Jerusalem.
    (AFP, 10/2/11)
2011        Oct 1, Typhoon Nalgae lashed the Philippines, killing at least 3 people person and bringing fresh misery for more than a million people trapped by earlier storm floods.
    (AFP, 10/1/11)(AP, 10/2/11)
2011        Oct 1, Russian police detained dozens of anti-gay protesters and gay rights activists during a gay pride rally in central Moscow.
    (AP, 10/1/11)
2011        Oct 1, In Spain the Gara newspaper's website said two unidentified spokesmen told it that "Ekin members have ended their endeavors as an organization." Ekin, a civic support organization for the Basque separatist group ETA, was formed in 1999 with the aim of "impelling independence, nation-building and socialism at street level."
    (AP, 10/1/11)
2011        Oct 1, Syrian government troops retook most of Rastan after five days of intense fighting with army defectors who sided with protesters. Some 250 tanks were sent in to quell clashes between the army and deserters. Troops spread out across Rastan after defectors pulled out from the town. Mansur Atassi (63), a leader of a coalition of opposition groups, was detained in his office in Homs by security agents.
    (AP, 10/1/11)(AFP, 10/2/11)
2011        Oct 1, A Yemeni government warplane mistakenly bombed an army position just east of Zinjibar in southern Abyan province, killing at least 30 soldiers and wounding many more. The bombing targeted an abandoned school used as shelter by soldiers of the army's 119th Brigade. The 119th Brigade has rebelled against the regime of President Ali Abdullah Saleh to join the protest movement demanding his ouster. Fighting in Zinjibar killed at least 28 soldiers and militants.
    (AP, 10/2/11)
2011        Oct 1, New Zambian President Michael Sata replaced the head of the country's anti-corruption watchdog, who had been accused of bungling investigations into corruption allegations. He appointed Mrs. Rosewin Wandi as Director General of the Anti-Corruption Commission (ACC).
    (AFP, 10/1/11)

2011        Oct 2, In Arizona Donald Lapre, a Phoenix-based TV pitchman charged with running a nationwide scheme to sell essentially worthless Internet-based businesses, was found dead in his cell at a Florence facility. The government has said at least 220,000 victims in the scheme were defrauded of nearly $52 million.
    (AP, 10/3/11)
2011        Oct 2, California Gov. Jerry Brown signed a bill that that will prevent local governments from banning male circumcision.
    (AP, 10/3/11)
2011        Oct 2, In San Leandro, Ca., gunmen opened fire on a group of people leaving an unlicensed warehouse party killing 3 young people and wounding 3 others.
    (SFC, 10/3/11, p.C1)
2011        Oct 2, The Afghan government urged neighboring Pakistan to take concrete steps to help end the Taliban insurgency and use its influence to bring the militants to direct peace talks.
    (AP, 10/2/11)
2011        Oct 2, Pirates armed with automatic weapons fired upon and boarded a chemical tanker off Benin before stealing cash, the latest in a wave of such attacks off West Africa.
    (AFP, 10/3/11)
2011        Oct 2, Cambodia’s government disaster agency said that flood waters along the Mekong River and other places have killed at least 150 people since August and damaged 670,000 acres of rice fields, as well as 904 schools and 361 Buddhist temples.
    (AP, 10/2/11)
2011        Oct 2, Cameroon police over the last two days arrested 126 protesters seeking independence for English-speaking Cameroon.
    (AP, 10/2/11)
2011        Oct 2, Greece said it would not meet a target for reducing its massive deficit, heaping fresh pressure on the eurozone crisis.
    (AFP, 10/3/11)
2011        Oct 2, In Iraq two roadside bombs killed four anti-al-Qaida Sunni militiamen In Mishahda 30 km north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 10/2/11)
2011        Oct 2, Israel’s PM Benjamin Netanyahu's office said Israel "welcomes the Quartet's call for direct negotiations between the parties without preconditions" but said it has unspecified "concerns" about the proposal. The plan by the Quartet of Mideast mediators calls for the resumption of talks and a deal within a year.
    (AP, 10/2/11)
2011        Oct 2, The Israeli newspaper Haaretz reported that Israeli writer Yoram Kaniuk has won a historic court victory granting his request to be officially registered as "without religion" rather than "Jewish." A Tel Aviv court sided with his demand, ruling last week that Israeli law allows citizens to be officially registered as having no religion.
    (AFP, 10/2/11)
2011        Oct 2, In Italy Allison Owens (23), of Columbus, Ohio, was killed by a car while jogging in Tuscany. Her body was found on Oct 5. The driver of a car turned himself in on Oct 6 after his vehicle was filmed on roadside anti-speeding cameras.
    (AP, 10/5/11)(AP, 10/7/11)
2011        Oct 2, In Libyan civilians fled Kadhafi's besieged home town of Sirte as battles raged for the fugitive strongman's bastion. The Red Cross warned of a medical emergency. 4 fighters were killed in friendly fire.
    (AFP, 10/2/11)
2011        Oct 2, In northern Nigeria some 150 attackers raided Lingyado village, Zamfara state, going house to house to shoot people who came out to greet them. Others were slashed and stabbed to death by machetes. 19 people were reported killed. State police chief soon arrested seven people suspected of involvement in the raid.
    (AP, 10/2/11)(AFP, 10/3/11)
2011        Oct 2, Serbia's police detained six people and prevented a gathering of a pro-Russian far-right group that threatened to burn an EU flag and spit on the portrait of the US ambassador in Belgrade. Riot police were deployed in large number across Belgrade to enforce a ban on a gay pride event and anti-gay protests, fearing they would turn violent.
    (AP, 10/2/11)
2011        Oct 2, In South Africa a tornado in Nigel in Gauteng province left an eight-year-old boy dead and injured 166 people. Over 150 houses were lost. Lightning killed two more people in the eastern province of KwaZulu-Natal.
    (AFP, 10/3/11)
2011        Oct 2, Syrian dissidents meeting in Turkey formally announced the creation of a broad-based council designed to overthrow President Bashar Assad's regime in what appeared to be the most serious step yet to unify a fragmented opposition. The 21-year-old son of Syria's top Sunni Muslim cleric was killed in an ambush in a restive northern area.
    (AP, 10/2/11)(AP, 10/3/11)
2011        Oct 2, The government in Thailand said heavy floods have also killed 206 people since August.
    (AP, 10/2/11)
2011        Oct 2, Uganda’s first gay bar, the Sappho Islands, was padlocked by the landlord, who said the bar was noisy and attracted "strange" people.
    (AP, 10/6/11)
2011        Oct 2, In Yemen a seven-year-old girl was killed by a rocket that struck a school in central Sanaa.
    (AP, 10/4/11)

2011        Oct 3, A US court sentenced two more Somali pirates to life in prison over the hijacking of a yacht off the coast of Africa in February that left four Americans on board dead. Muhidin Salad Omar (30) and Mahdi Jama Mohamed, (23-24), became the third and fourth Somali pirates to be sentenced to life in prison after pleading guilty over the fatal hijacking in May. Seven more have pleaded guilty to charges of piracy and awaited mandatory life sentences. Three others faced the death penalty.
    (AFP, 10/4/11)
2011        Oct 3, George Soros said he has pledged $27.4 million to aid development in targeted villages across rural Africa. He also pledged up to $20 million to support business projects within those villages over the next 5 years.
    (SFC, 10/4/11, p.A2)
2011        Oct 3, Kathy Scruggs (44) of Atlanta, Georgia, claimed the cash option and will receive $15,124,017 before taxes in the $25 million prize. She matched all of the winning numbers in the Sep 14 multistate Powerball drawing. She said she had requested a Mega Millions ticket but wound up with that and the Powerball ticket and accepted both of them.
    (AP, 10/4/11)
2011        Oct 3, US whiskey maker Jim Beam was spun off from Fortune Brands. It planned to gear future marketing toward women.
    (SFC, 10/15/11, p.D3)
2011        Oct 3, Hewlett-Packard announced that it has acquired control of Autonomy, a British software firm, for $10.3 billion. In 2012 HP said it was writing down the value of Autonomy by $8.8 billion, ascribing over $5 billion to accounting improprieties.
    (www.hp.com/hpinfo/newsroom/press/2011/111003xb.html)(Econ, 11/24/12, p.71)
2011        Oct 3, Yahoo!, the premier digital media company, and ABC News announced they will join forces to launch a strategic online news alliance that will deliver content to more than 100 million U.S. users each month.
    (http://tinyurl.com/3lrfbm4)
2011        Oct 3, In Afghanistan 2 suicide bombers in separate attacks struck Kandahar city, killing three people. US Pvt. Danny Chen (19) was found in a guard tower at Combat Outpost Palace with what the Army described as "an apparent self-inflicted gunshot wound." In December 8 soldiers from Chen's company faced charges relating his death, including dereliction of duty, assault, negligent homicide and involuntary manslaughter. In 2012 a court-martial found Army Sgt. Adam Holcomb guilty of maltreatment and assault of Chen. On Aug 13 Spec. Ryan Offutt pleaded guilty to hazing and mistreatment and was sentenced to 6 months in prison.
    (AFP, 10/3/11)(AP, 12/21/11)(SFC, 7/31/12, p.A7)(SFC, 8/14/12, p.A4)
2011        Oct 3, A Bahraini special court jailed 36 Shiites for up to 25 years each in three separate cases related to month-long democracy protests in the Gulf kingdom.
    (AFP, 10/3/11)
2011        Oct 3, In Bangladesh Delwar Hossain Sayedee, a senior leader from the largest Islamic party, was charged with war crimes for allegedly leading groups that took part in killing, looting, arson and rape during the country's 1971 independence war against Pakistan.
    (AP, 10/3/11)
2011        Oct 3, In Denmark PM Helle Thorning-Schmidt (b.1966) took office. Her government soon scrapped renewed customs checks at its border with Germany.
    (AP, 11/17/11)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helle_Thorning-Schmidt)
2011        Oct 3, Haiti's President Michel Martelly said the government is boosting student enrollment this year by putting more than 700,000 youths into classrooms. The National Fund for Education will pay tuition for 142,000 students who will go to school for the first time.
    (AP, 10/4/11)
2011        Oct 3, In Iraq 4 insurgents disguised as police officers seized control of a police station in western Anbar province, taking dozens of hostages and killing four of them before Iraqi forces swept in and ended the standoff. 2 insurgents blew themselves up and 2 were killed by police. Gunmen tried to attack another police station about 10 miles (16 km) away, but were repulsed. Security forces killed two insurgents and arrested another three.
    (AP, 10/3/11)
2011        Oct 3, In northern Israel arsonists torched a mosque in an Arab village, setting off protests by residents who clashed with police. Graffiti sprayed at the site suggested Jewish radicals, suspected in other recent mosque fires, were involved.
    (AP, 10/3/11)
2011        Oct 3, Hanan Porat (67), a driving force behind Israel's settlement of the West Bank, died of cancer. The former Israeli lawmaker was a founder of the now-defunct movement Gush Emunim, Hebrew for "the bloc of the faithful" (1974), a messianic movement committed to settling land Israel captured in the 1967 war.
    (AP, 10/4/11)
2011        Oct 3, An Italian appeals court dramatically overturned the conviction of Amanda Knox, an American student, of sexually assaulting and brutally slaying her British roommate. The family of victim Meredith Kercher (21) appeared overwhelmed at the ruling, saying they were shocked and bewildered by the stunning reversal of the 2009 decision. Knox’s one-time boyfriend, Italian Raffaele Sollecito, was also released.
    (AP, 10/4/11)
2011        Oct 3, Libya's transitional leaders named a new Cabinet and said they would step down after the country is fully secured. Revolutionary forces seized the village of Abu Hadi south of Sirte. 2 anti-Gadhafi fighters were killed and 28 wounded in intense battles in Sirte.
    (AP, 10/3/11)(AP, 10/4/11)
2011        Oct 3, Mexico City police found two severed human heads on a street near a major military base, a grisly tactic of warring drug gangs that has long affected other parts of the country while largely sparing the capital. The heads were accompanied by a note referring to the "Mano con Ojos" or "Hand with Eyes" drug gang. Hidalgo police chief Damian Canales said officers have captured four alleged members of the gang believed to have participated in the killings of 70 people, most whose bodies were disposed of by being dissolved in vats. He said suspect Javier Rodriguez (21) told agents he had shot 20 members of the Gulf Cartel. In Acapulco four men were bound and shot in an auto repair shop with two cars set on fire.
    (AP, 10/4/11)
2011        Oct 3, In Nigeria gunmen suspected of being members of the Boko Haram Islamist sect shot dead three people at a market in the violence-torn northern city of Maiduguri.
    (AFP, 10/3/11)
2011        Oct 3, In Nigeria a tanker truck collided with a 16-seat minibus along the Damaturu-Potiskum road in Yobe state. 11 people were killed.
    (AP, 10/3/11)
2011        Oct 3, Palestinian officials said that the US has suspended two West Bank development projects worth $81 billion after Congress froze finding to dissuade Palestinians from seeking UN recognition of an independent state.
    (SFC, 10/4/11, p.A2)
2011        Oct 3, In the Philippines more than 200 heavily armed communist rebels of the New People's Army stormed three mining companies in a weakly secured southern region, burning heavy equipment, disarming guards and briefly holding several people in Surigao del Norte province.
    (AP, 10/3/11)
2011        Oct 3, Sweden’s Nobel committee at Stockholm's Karolinska institute said three scientists won the Nobel Prize in medicine for discoveries about the immune system that opened new avenues for the treatment and prevention of infectious illnesses and cancer. American Bruce Beutler and French scientist Jules Hoffmann shared the 10 million-kronor ($1.5 million) award with Canadian-born Ralph Steinman.
    (AP, 10/3/11)
2011        Oct 3, Syrian troops going house to house have detained more than 3,000 people in the past three days in the rebellious town of Rastan that government forces recently retook in some of the worst fighting since the country's uprising began six months ago.
    (AP, 10/3/11)
2011        Oct 3, The Tanzanian navy foiled a pirate attack on an offshore oil drilling ship and captured all seven bandits. The attack on the Ocean Rig Poseidon, owned by Ocean Rig of Norway, took place as it was carrying out exploration drilling for Brazilian firm Petrobras.
    (AFP, 10/4/11)
2011        Oct 3, Uganda’s former vice president, Gilbert Bukenya (2003-2011), was taken to Luzira prison on the outskirts of Kampala. He was accused of fraudulently awarding a $2 million contract in 2007. He has denied the allegations.
    (AP, 10/3/11)

2011        Oct 4, USAID director Raj Shah said the US will donate more than $121 million to Ethiopia to fight food insecurity amid a drought in the East African nation.
    (AP, 10/5/11)
2011        Oct 4, The US Justice Department said Neil Campbell (61), a native of Queensland, Australia, has pleaded guilty to one count of accepting a $10,000 bribe as an agent of an organization receiving federal funds. Campbell admitted that in July 2010, while in Afghanistan, he solicited a one-time cash payment of $190,000 from a subcontractor, as a reward for funneling more than $15 million in reconstruction projects to that subcontractor.
    (AFP, 10/4/11)
2011        Oct 4, Two employees of the US Army Corps of Engineers and two others were arrested in a $20 million bribery and kickback scheme related to software encryption devices.
    (SFC, 10/5/11, p.A7)
2011        Oct 4, Officials at the Washington National Cathedral said they need to raise at least $15 million for initial repairs to the Aug 23 earthquake damaged edifice.
    (SFC, 10/5/11, p.A7)
2011        Oct 4, It was reported that NASA has awarded a Pennsylvania company, Pipistrel-USA.com of State College, a $1.35 million prize for developing an ultra-efficient electric airplane. Wired Magazine reported that the winning airplane "was developed and built in Slovenia as a technology demonstrator for the airplane maker."
    (http://tinyurl.com/3nk4ndh)
2011        Oct 4, Apple Inc. unveiled a faster, more powerful iPhone, the iPhone 4S, in its first major product event in years without Steve Jobs presiding. The device included Siri, a personal assistant application.
    (AP, 10/4/11)(SFC, 1/23/15, p.A10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siri)
2011        Oct 4, Apple Inc rejected an offer from Samsung Electronics Co to settle their tablet computer dispute in Australia, possibly killing off the commercial viability of the South Korean firm's new Galaxy tablet in that market.
    (Reuters, 10/4/11)
2011        Oct 4, Three US-born scientists won the Nobel Prize in physics for overturning a fundamental assumption in their field by showing that the expansion of the universe is constantly accelerating. During the 1990s, Saul Perlmutter, Brian Schmidt and Adam Riess found that the light from more than 50 distant exploding stars was far weaker than they expected, meaning that galaxies had to be racing away from each other at increasing speed.
    (AP, 10/4/11)
2011        Oct 4, In Kansas City, Missouri, 10-month-old Lisa Irwin was reported snatched overnight from her home.
    (SFC, 10/10/11, p.A5)
2011        Oct 4, A private helicopter crashed into New York City’s East River, killing one British passenger and injuring a British couple and a New Zealand woman. The helicopter went down shortly after takeoff from a riverbank heliport. On Oct 12 the New Zealand woman died of her injuries.
    (AP, 10/5/11)(SFC, 10/13/11, p.A8)
2011        Oct 4, Afghan President Hamid Karzai met with PM Manmohan Singh in New Delhi. They agreed to enhance their strategic partnership with India training Afghan security forces.
    (AP, 10/4/11)(SSFC, 10/9/11, p.A4)
2011        Oct 4, An Australian boy (14) was arrested in Indonesia for having bought 0.13 ounces (3.6 grams) of marijuana. He faced 12 years in detention under tough narcotics laws. The boy was released on Dec 4 because he admitted the purchase and repeatedly expressed remorse.
    (AP, 12/4/11)
2011        Oct 4, A Bahraini security court sentenced 26 activists to prison for their part in anti-government protests, raising to 60 the total number convicted over the past two days in stepped-up prosecutions by the Gulf kingdom.
    (AP, 10/4/11)
2011        Oct 4, In CongoDRC rebels killed five Congolese aid workers and two other civilians in an attack in the east at Fizi, Sud-Kivu province. Those responsible were said to be members of the Mai Mai Yakutumba militia and allied rebels of Burundi's National Liberation Front.
    (AFP, 10/6/11)
2011        Oct 4, Libyan revolutionary forces fired rockets into the western half of Sirte, Moammar Gadhafi's hometown, even as hundreds of residents streamed out of the city to flee the fighting.
    (AP, 10/4/11)
2011        Oct 4, British company Heritage Oil PLC said that it has acquired a controlling interest in a Libyan company licensed to provide oil field services including offshore and land-based drilling. Heritage said it paid $19.5 million for a 51% stake in Sahara Oil Services Holdings Ltd.
    (AP, 10/4/11)
2011        Oct 4, In Chile a major terror case fell apart as prosecutors dropped charges due to a lack of evidence against 13 suspects who spent eight months in prison for a series of bombings detonated outside financial institutions from 2006 to 2010.
    (AP, 10/4/11)
2011        Oct 4, China and Russia vetoed a UN Security Council resolution threatening action against Syria's deadly crackdown on protests.
    (AP, 10/5/11)
2011        Oct 4, In China a coal mine explosion killed at least 13 workers in Guizhou province.
    (SFC, 10/5/11, p.A2)
2011        Oct 4, Egyptian protesters also demanded the release of blogger Michael Nabil (26), who was sentenced to three years' hard labor in April by a military court for having "insulted" the army in his writings. The blogger was on the 43rd day of a hunger strike, after his appeal hearing was adjourned to October 11.
    (AFP, 10/4/11)
2011        Oct 4, Haiti’s Senate approved Garry Conille as prime minister, hopefully jump-starting stalled earthquake reconstruction efforts.
    (AP, 10/5/11)
2011        Oct 4, Iraqi leaders said that they need US military trainers to stay beyond a year-end deadline for American forces to leave but that the troops should not be granted immunity from prosecution.
    (AP, 10/5/11)
2011        Oct 4, The Mexican Army said soldiers captured a Sinaloa cartel lieutenant who had founded an armed wing working for Mexico's most-wanted Joaquin "El Chapo" Guzman. Noel Salgueiro Nevarez, "El Flaco" or the "Skinny," was the Gente Nueva gang leader. Mexico's navy announced that marines found nine escaped inmates apparently working for the Zetas drug cartel at a camp believed to be operated by the group near the Gulf port city of Veracruz. The detentions resulted from a series of raids conducted last week that also netted 18 local police officers who also allegedly worked for the Zetas. Marines arrested a man wearing a police uniform for disturbing the peace. The navy said he was a police officer from the city of Mendoza in Veracruz state and allegedly acted as a liaison between the Zetas and corrupt police. A list in his pocket indicated that local police officers from several towns had received payments of between 2,000 ($144) and 10,000 pesos ($718) per month from the cartel.
    (AP, 10/5/11)
2011        Oct 4, Mexican officials arrested Martin Rosales Magana, one of the last major leaders of the La Familia cartel, along with three associates. The cartel has been displaced in its western home state of Michoacan by the equally cult-like Knights Templar gang.
    (AP, 10/5/11)
2011        Oct 4, In Namibia 20 skulls, taken by German colonial forces more than a century ago, returned to Windhoek with military honours to be laid in state at parliament.
    (AFP, 10/4/11)
2011        Oct 4, Pakistani protesters upset over severe electricity shortages clashed with police for a second day in Gujranwala, a major industrial city in Punjab province, as the country's main opposition leader used the issue to pressure the US-allied government.
    (AP, 10/4/11)
2011        Oct 4, In Pakistan suspected Sunni extremists shot 13 Shiite Muslims to death execution-style after ordering them off a bus as they headed to work at a vegetable market on the outskirts of Quetta. The attack targeted the Shiite Hazara tribe.
    (AP, 10/4/11)
2011        Oct 4, Philippine police on southern Jolo island arrested Abu Sayyaf gunman Adzhar Mawalil (32), who allegedly helped behead seven Filipino workers while singing a militant song in a grisly 2007 crime.
    (AP, 10/5/11)
2011        Oct 4, In Somalia a truck bomb exploded in front of the education ministry in Mogadishu as students and parents crowded around to learn about scholarships, killing 82 people and wounding dozens. Bashar Abdullahi Nur, identified as the al-Shabab suicide bomber, gave an interview before the attack that was later aired on a militant-run radio station.
    (AP, 10/4/11)(AP, 10/5/11)(AP, 10/6/11)(AFP, 10/30/11)
2011        Oct 4, In Syria at least four people were killed in clashes between government troops and army defectors in the country's northwest.
    (AP, 10/4/11)
2011        Oct 4, Turkish police detained over 140 pro-Kurdish political activists in a nationwide sweep. The detainees included a number of elected mayors in the Kurdish southeast.
    (SFC, 10/5/11, p.A2)
2011        Oct 4, In Yemen shells fired into a popular shopping district of Sanaa killed two civilians and wounded another. Shelling attacks on the southwest Yemeni town of Taez, a hotbed of anti-regime protest, left seven civilians dead and 22 others injured.
    (AFP, 10/4/11)
2011        Oct 4, Zambia announced that it has halted all metal exports, in a move to ensure that mining firms accurately report their sales. New rules on metal exports should be ready by October 16. The ban was lifted on Oct 6 as it would take too long for new rules to be drawn up.
    (AFP, 10/6/11)

2011        Oct 5, President Barack Obama signed legislation to keep the federal government running for another six weeks. Congress must now finish work on agency budgets for the new fiscal year. The law provides funding for government operations through Nov 18.
    (AP, 10/5/11)
2011        Oct 5, US defense officials said the Obama administration has agreed to base Aegis Cruisers on Spain's coast, as part of the anti-ballistic missile defense system to protect Europe against a potential Iranian nuclear threat.
    (AP, 10/5/11)
2011        Oct 5, A US federal grand jury charged Mohamad Anas Haitham Soueid (47) with six counts for spying on activists in the United States and Syria opposed to Syrian President Bashar al-Assad's regime. Soueid of Leesburg, Va., was arrested on Oct 11.
    (AFP, 10/12/11)
2011        Oct 5, The US coast Guard said it is bringing 36,000 gallons of drinking water to Tokelau 1,500 residents, who were suffering from a severe drought.
    (SFC, 10/6/11, p.A2)
2011        Oct 5, In San Francisco some 800 people marched downtown joining a growing movement whose followers believe that the nation’s financial system is broken and its distribution of wealth unfair.
    (SFC, 10/6/11, p.A10)
2011        Oct 5, Rev. Fred Shuttlesworth (89), a dynamic leader of the civil rights movement, died in Birmingham, Alabama.
    (SFC, 10/6/11, p.A7)(Econ, 10/15/11, p.100)
2011        Oct 5, Steve Jobs (56), the mastermind behind Apple's iPhone, iPad, iPod, iMac and iTunes, died. Millions of people around the world mourned digital-gadget genius Steve Jobs as a man whose wizardry transformed their lives in big ways and small. Walter Isaacson soon published the biography “Steve Jobs."
    (AP, 10/6/11)(Econ, 10/29/11, p.98)
2011        Oct 5, In Cupertino, Ca., Shareff Allman (49), an employee of a quarry, opened fire during a company safety meeting, killing 3 people and wounding six before escaping. Allman shot himself in the head the next day as Santa Clara deputies confronted him in Sunnyvale.
    (AP, 10/6/11)(SFC, 10/7/11, p.A1)(SFC, 10/12/11, p.C1)
2011        Oct 5, The Afghan intelligence service said 6 people, including a palace guard, have been arrested after an alleged Al-Qaeda plot to assassinate Afghan President Hamid Karzai was foiled. The men were arrested a week ago and were said to have carried out training for the attack last month.
    (AFP, 10/5/11)(AP, 10/8/11)
2011        Oct 5, Bahrain's security court convicted and sentenced 19 more people to prison terms for taking part in Shiite-led protests against the Gulf nation's ruling Sunni dynasty. The sentences brought the total number this week to at least 81.
    (AP, 10/5/11)
2011        Oct 5, A prosecutor told a London court that 2 Pakistani cricketers took bribes to fix parts of a match against England in a case that exposes "rampant corruption" at the heart of the international game.
    (AFP, 10/5/11)
2011        Oct 5, Datawind, a British technology company, released a student tablet costing $35. It claimed to have developed the world's least expensive computer tablet for wireless Internet access. In February, 2012, Datawind released an updated version of the Aakash computer tablet for the commercial market that costs $50.
    (AFP, 2/19/12)(http://tinyurl.com/79ngd6m)
2011        Oct 5, A Cambodia disaster official said the worst floods in over a decade have killed 167 people, as efforts intensified to provide aid to tens of thousands of families.
    (AFP, 10/5/11)
2011        Oct 5, Chilean students, led by Camila Vallejo (23), began face-to-face talks with the government over their demands for profound changes in what they say is the country's unequal and underfunded public school system.
    (AP, 10/5/11)
2011        Oct 5, Suspected drug traffickers hijacked two Chinese cargo ships on the Mekong River in northern Thailand. The bodies of 13 crew members were found near Chiang Rai, Thailand on Oct 7,8 and 10. Burmese drug lord Naw Kham was arrested in Laos in May. In Nov, 2012, he and 3 of his associates were sentenced to death by a court in Kunming. Thai police continued to search for 9 Thai soldiers believed to have been accomplices.
    (AP, 10/10/11)(Econ, 11/10/12, p.43)
2011        Oct 5, Three Egyptian columnists withheld their regular commentaries in an independent daily to protest what they said was censorship by the country's military rulers.
    (AP, 10/5/11)
2011        Oct 5, India introduced a cheap tablet computer, saying it would deliver modern technology to the countryside to help lift villagers out of poverty. Developer Datawind is selling the tablets, called Aakash, or "sky" in Hindi, to the government for about $45 each. Subsidies will reduce that to $35 for students and teachers.
    (AP, 10/5/11)
2011        Oct 5, In Iraq gunmen killed two people and injured three while robbing gold shops in southwestern Baghdad. A car bomb exploded next to a police patrol in western Anbar province, killing one policeman.
    (AP, 10/5/11)
2011        Oct 5, Israeli scientist Dan Shechtman was awarded the Nobel Prize in chemistry for a discovery that faced skepticism and mockery. While doing research in the US in 1982, Shechtman discovered a new chemical structure, quasicrystals, that researchers previously thought was impossible.
    (AP, 10/5/11)
2011        Oct 5, In New Zealand the 47,000 ton Liberian-flagged container vessel "Rena" ran aground on the Astrolabe reef about 12 nautical miles (22 km) off the North Island. Maritime New Zealand soon declared the vessel a hazardous ship as an oil slick more than doubled in size in just a few hours on the Bay of Plenty. The ship had 1,368 containers on board. On Feb 29, 2012, the captain and the navigating officer, both Filipino, pleaded guilty to mishandling the vessel and altering ship documents. On May 25, 2012, they were each sentenced to seven months in jail.
    (AP, 10/6/11)(AP, 10/12/11)(SFC, 11/14/11, p.A2)(AP, 2/29/12)(AP, 5/25/12)
2011        Oct 5, A one-day Palestinian teachers' strike closed 238 UN-run schools in the Gaza Strip and escalated long-simmering tensions between the territory's Hamas rulers and the UN Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA).
    (AP, 10/5/11)
2011        Oct 5, Russia's intelligence service said it has detained an alleged Chinese spy who tried to obtain designs of an advanced missile system as part of Beijing's efforts to update its weaponry. Prosecutors submitted the case to the Moscow City Court today, although the man was detained late last October.
    (AP, 10/5/11)
2011        Oct 5, The Spanish Duchess of Alba (85), considered the world's most title-laden noble, married Alfonso Diez, a civil servant 25 years her junior, shrugging off her children's qualms and celebrating by kicking off her shoes and dancing flamenco. Estimates of her wealth ranged from euro600 million ($800 million) to euro3.5 billion ($4.7 billion).
    (AP, 10/6/11)
2011        Oct 5, A woman appeared on Syrian state television claiming that she is the young Syrian, Zainab al-Hosni, who was widely reported to have been beheaded and mutilated by security agents while in custody last month. Amnesty International issued a statement saying: "If the body was not that of Zainab al-Hosni, then clearly the Syrian authorities need to disclose whose it was, the cause and circumstances of the death, and why Zainab al-Hosni's family were informed that she was the victim."
    (AP, 10/5/11)
2011        Oct 5, Syrian Colonel Riad al-Asaad, who now heads a group of army defectors calling themselves the Free Syrian Army, said he has fled Syria and found refuge in neighboring Turkey.
    (AP, 10/5/11)
2011        Oct 5, Thai PM Yingluck Shinawatra met Myanmar's president during her first visit to the military-dominated country since she took office in August.
    (AFP, 10/5/11)
2011        Oct 5, Turkey's PM Recep Tayyip Erdogan said his government would announce a package of sanctions against neighboring Syria despite a UN resolution blocked by Russia and China.
    (AFP, 10/5/11)
2011        Oct 5, In Yemen a US drone strike east of Zinjibar killed 5 Al-Qaida-linked militants.
    (SFC, 10/6/11, p.A2)

2011        Oct 6, The US Justice Dept. said Oracle Corp. has agreed to pay $199.5 million for failure to meet contractual obligations relating to a 1998 contract for software licenses and technical support.
    (SFC, 10/7/11, p.D2)
2011        Oct 6, In Milwaukee, Wisconsin, Annette Morales-Rodriguez (33), who had faked a pregnancy, kidnapped Maritza Ramirez Cruz (23), killed her and cut out her full term fetus, who died in the process.
    (SFC, 10/11/11, p.A6)
2011        Oct 6, Some 300 Afghan men and women marched through Kabul, the eve of the 10-year anniversary of the U.S. military campaign in Afghanistan, to condemn the United States as occupiers and demand the immediate withdrawal of all foreign troops. A NATO service member died, but NATO did not disclose any other details.
    (Reuters, 10/6/11)(AP, 10/7/11)
2011        Oct 6, Australian police said they have disrupted an international people smuggling ring by arresting two suspected key players in the syndicate following a 10-month undercover sting operation.
    (AFP, 10/6/11)
2011        Oct 6, Australian actress Diane Cilento (78), who was once married to James Bond actor Sean Connery, died. In 1956 she was nominated for a Tony Award for her portrayal of Helen of Troy in the play "Tiger at the Gates." She received an Academy Award nomination in 1963 for best supporting actress for her work in the movie "Tom Jones."
    (AP, 10/7/11)
2011        Oct 6, In Bahrain Ahmed Jaber al-Qatan (16) was hit by bird shot used by anti-riot police during a demonstration in western Manama. The interior ministry confirmed his death the next day, saying the youth died of a cardiac arrest.
    (AP, 10/7/11)
2011        Oct 6, The Bank of England launched a second round of quantitative easing to defend Britain's faltering economy against the euro zone debt crisis, pledging to buy 75 billion pounds of assets with new money in a dramatic move to stave off recession.
    (Reuters, 10/6/11)
2011        Oct 6, Britain and Switzerland signed an agreement to tax money kept by British residents in secret Swiss bank accounts, a move which could net the British government billions of pounds and help Swiss banking clean up its image. The deal, which must still be approved by the parliaments of both countries, should come into force in 2013.
    (Reuters, 10/6/11)
2011        Oct 6, The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) said it is to cut around 2,000 jobs as the publicly-funded broadcaster makes savings as part of government efforts to reduce a record deficit.
    (AFP, 10/6/11)
2011        Oct 6, Chilean police used water canons and tear gas to break up a student march hours after talks with government regarding public education collapsed. By day's end, 168 had been arrested in the capital, and more than 100 more around Chile. Police said 25 officers and five civilians were injured.
    (SFC, 10/7/11, p.A2)(AP, 10/7/11)
2011        Oct 6, The European Court of Human Rights ruled that France did not violate George Soros' rights when convicting him of insider trading, defeating a years-long effort by the billionaire financier to clear his name. He was fined euro2.2 million in 2002, for purchasing shares in French bank Societe Generale in 1988, days after being informed about a planned takeover bid for the bank.
    (AP, 10/6/11)
2011        Oct 6, India-owned Airtel, one of the west African nation's biggest telecom firms, said  that more than five million telephone subscribers in Nigeria have been cut off after protesters attacked an exchange. The protesters, members of the Nigeria Labour Congress (NLC), the nation's central labor movement, were protesting against the alleged casualisation of workers in Airtel and the dismissal of 3,000 employees, charges denied by the company.
    (AFP, 10/6/11)
2011        Oct 6, Israel's supreme court barred nuclear whistle-blower Mordechai Vanunu (56) from emigrating on the grounds he still poses a threat to state security. Vanunu served 18 years behind bars for disclosing the inner workings of Israel's Dimona nuclear plant to Britain's Sunday Times newspaper in 1986.
    (AFP, 10/7/11)
2011        Oct 6, Human Rights Watch said that 13 military leaders from both sides of Ivory Coast's political divide committed war crimes during months of postelection violence in the West African nation, and called on the government to prosecute all suspects equally.
    (AP, 10/6/11)
2011        Oct 6, Mexican marines arrested 8 members of the Jalisco New Generation gang. The suspects told them where 32 bodies were hidden in Veracruz state. Marines also arrested 12 members of the rival Zetas gang, including a man alleged to be their operations leader in Veracruz. A Nuevo Leon state official said several police officers allowed a violent drug gang to hold kidnap victims in a local jail while ransom payments were being negotiated.
    (AP, 10/7/11)(SFC, 10/8/11, p.A2)
2011        Oct 6, Mexican police arrested four men and a woman for allegedly helping force women to work as prostitutes in Mexico and the United States.
    (AP, 10/7/11)
2011        Oct 6, In northern Nigeria 10 people died in a truck crash, the third reported incident of its kind in the last week.
    (AP, 10/7/11)
2011        Oct 6, Philippine police rescued a government midwife kidnapped by al-Qaida-linked militants after a brief firefight  near Parang township on Jolo island. Evangeline Taverisma (55) was kidnapped on Aug 3. An army soldier was killed and three others wounded in the gunbattle near Esperanza town in southern Agusan del Sur province. Troops captured a New People's Army encampment and 12 assault rifles and hit several of the undetermined number of rebels.
    (AP, 10/6/11)
2011        Oct 6, Desmond Tutu's last-ditch appeal to South Africa to grant a visa to the Dalai Lama on the eve of his 80th birthday was rejected, marring the start of the celebrations. The Dalai Lama cancelled a planned trip to South Africa because of delays with his visa, provoking a furious response from Tutu who blasted President Jacob Zuma's government as worse than apartheid and accused him of kowtowing to China.
    (AFP, 10/6/11)
2011        Oct 6, The Nobel Prize in literature was awarded to Sweden’s top poet Tomas Transtromer (80).
    (AP, 10/7/11)
2011        Oct 6, Syrian activists said clashes between troops and deserters killed 12 people, as Western powers sought to pressure Syria over its crackdown on dissent.
    (AFP, 10/6/11)
2011        Oct 6, The humanitarian group Doctors Without Borders says it is ending its operations in Thailand after 35 years because it could not reach agreement with the government on conditions under which it could provide medical care to illegal migrants.
    (AP, 10/6/11)     
2011        Oct 6, The UN said increased access to technology that allows parents to know the sex of their fetus has left Asia short of 117 million women, mostly in China and India.
    (AFP, 10/6/11)
2011        Oct 6, A United Nations report said Honduras and El Salvador have the highest homicide rates in the world. Honduras had 6,200 killings in 2010 out of a population of 7.7 million people, while El Salvador with 6.1 million people had 4,000 homicides.
    (AP, 10/6/11)
2011        Oct 6, Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez announced that his government will expropriate homes on the Caribbean resort islands of Los Roques, saying the structures were built on plots bought in shadowy business deals.
    (AP, 10/6/11)

2011        Oct 7, Federal authorities in California vowed to shut down dozens of pot growing and sales operations in a major crackdown, saying the worst offenders are using the cover of medical marijuana to act as storefront drug dealers.
    (AP, 10/8/11)
2011        Oct 7, Rene Gonzalez (55), a dual US-Cuban citizen, left a federal lockup in the Florida Panhandle. He was the first member of a Cuban spy ring to walk free from prison in the US after spending 13 years behind bars.
    (AP, 10/15/11)
2011        Oct 7, New York City authorities said bank tellers, restaurant workers and other service employees in NYC lifted credit card data from residents and foreign tourists as part of an identity theft ring that stretched to China, Europe and the Middle East and victimized thousands.
    (AP, 10/7/11)
2011        Oct 7, A federal jury in Las Vegas convicted Navy SEAL Nicholas Bickle on charges that he led a scheme to sell machine guns and explosives from Iraq and Afghanistan in the US. On July 17, 2012, Bickle was sentenced to 17½ years in prison.
    (SFC, 10/8/11, p.A5)(SFC, 7/18/12, p.A8)
2011        Oct 7,  Wired magazine reported that a computer virus has infected networks used by pilots who control US Air Force drones in places like Afghanistan and Iraq. The spyware resisted efforts to remove it from computers at Creech Air Force Base in Nevada.
    (SSFC, 10/9/11, p.A12)
2011        Oct 7, The Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to Tawakkul Karman (32) of Yemen. She shared the prize with Liberian President Ellen Sirleaf Johnson and Liberian peace activist Leymah Gbowee, as the Nobel committee gave a nod to the Arab Spring.
    (AP, 10/7/11)
2011        Oct 7, Afghan Pres. Hamid Karzai admitted his government and NATO had failed to provide security to Afghans, as Afghanistan marked the 10th anniversary of a war that has cost thousands of lives and hundreds of billions of dollars. Karzai claimed the Taliban are being propped up by Pakistan, saying the militants can't lift a finger without the Pakistanis.
    (AFP, 10/7/11)(AP, 10/7/11)
2011        Oct 7, In southwest China 2 teenagers set themselves on fire near a Tibetan Buddhist monastery in Aba town amid rumors that dozens of monks were ready to sacrifice their lives. Choepel and Khayang were former monks from Sichuan province's Kirti monastery.
    (AFP, 10/7/11)
2011        Oct 7, In China 3 major road accidents killed 56 people on the last day of a weeklong holiday, including 35 people who died when a bus collided with a car on a northern expressway.
    (AP, 10/8/11)
2011        Oct 7, Dubai's flagship Emirates airline said it will sponsor Britain's first urban cable car spanning London's river Thames, saying it hoped the new addition to the city's skyline would be ready for next year's Olympics. The 10-year-deal was valued at 36 million pounds.
    (Reuters, 10/7/11)
2011        Oct 7, India's largest car maker Maruti Suzuki said a fresh strike by workers halted production at a north India plant, just days after the end of a bitter month-long dispute.
    (AFP, 10/7/11)
2011        Oct 7, Libyan revolutionary fighters assaulted a convention center in the center of Sirte that forces loyal to Moammar Gadhafi turned into their main base. At least 17 fighters were killed and 180 wounded.
    (AP, 10/7/11)(AP, 10/8/11)(AFP, 10/8/11)
2011        Oct 7, Mexican officials found 10 more bodies in Veracruz, in what appears to be more bloodshed in the battle between rival cartels for control of drug trafficking in the port city. The relatively new Jalisco New Generation gang claims to be attacking members of the Zetas cartel with 75 deaths since Sep 20.
    (AP, 10/8/11)
2011        Oct 7, Nepalese campaigners said desperate AIDS charity workers are turning to prostitution to pay bills and buy food because government bureaucracy has denied them their wages.
    (AFP, 10/7/11)
2011        Oct 7, The Dutch government said it would move to reclassify high-potency marijuana alongside hard drugs such as cocaine and ecstasy.
    (SFC, 10/8/11, p.A2)
2011        Oct 7, In South Africa 4 men were convicted of murdering a lesbian in Cape Town, in a case that dragged on for five years and heightened concerns about "corrective rape" targeting gay women. In 2006 The men stoned, kicked and stabbed to death Zoliswa Nkonyana (19) just meters (yards) from her home.
    (AFP, 10/7/11)
2011        Oct 7, Spain's Queen Sophia started a rare royal visit to Haiti to see some of the aid projects that her country has helped finance in the earthquake-stricken country.
    (AP, 10/7/11)
2011        Oct 7, Spanish bullfighter Juan Jose Padilla (39) was pinned to the ground and gored by a bull in Zaragoza. He is likely to suffer facial paralysis and lose the sight in one eye after a terrifying goring.
    (AP, 10/8/11)
2011        Oct 7, Syrian security forces opened fire at protesters in several parts of the country, killing at least eight people and wounding scores. Leading opposition figure Riad Seif was beaten up by pro-government gunmen and rushed to a hospital in Damascus. Russia’s Pres. Dmitry Medvedev told Syrian leader Bashar al-Assad to either reform or resign. In Qamishli Mashaal Tammo (53), a prominent and charismatic Kurdish opposition figure, was gunned down by masked gunmen.
    (AP, 10/7/11)(AP, 10/8/11)
2011        Oct 7, Mining multinational RioTinto's Zimbabwean subsidiary Murowa Diamonds said it has ceded 51% of its equity to comply with a new law giving local blacks majority shares in foreign companies.
    (AFP, 10/7/11)

2011        Oct 8, The National Air and Space Museum in Washington was closed after anti-war demonstrators swarmed the building to protest a drone exhibit and security guards used pepper spray to repel them, sickening a number of protesters.
    (AP, 10/8/11)
2011        Oct 8, California Governor Jerry Brown signed a bill giving illegal immigrant college students access to state-funded financial aid, the second half of two-part legislation known as the "Dream Act."
    (Reuters, 10/9/11)
2011        Oct 8, In Wisconsin Scott Anderson (56) was ordained as the first US Presbyterian church gay minister at Covenant Presbyterian Church in Madison.
    (AP, 10/9/11)
2011        Oct 8, Al Davis (b.1929), the trailblazing owner of the Oakland Raiders and Hall of Famer in his own right, died.
    (SSFC, 10/9/11, p.A1)
2011        Oct 8, Roger Williams (87), pianist and composer, died in Los Angeles. His 1955 hit “Autumn Leaves" was the only piano instrumental to reach No.1 on the billboard pop charts. His hits also included “Born Free," “the Impossible Dream" and “Lara’s Theme."
    (SSFC, 10/9/11, p.A20)
2011        Oct 8, In Belarus some 1,000 protesters rallied in Minsk to call for new presidential and parliamentary elections as the country experienced its worst financial crises since the fall of the Soviet Union.
    (SSFC, 10/9/11, p.A4)
2011        Oct 8, In the Central African Republic a ceasefire ended fighting that claimed about 50 lives between the rebel Convention of Patriots for Justice and Peace (CPJP) and the Union of Democratic Forces for Unity (UFDR). The rebel groups, fighting over diamond mines, signed a peace pact with the Bangui government ending weeks of deadly violence.
    (AFP, 10/9/11)(AFP, 10/18/11)
2011        Oct 8, Indonesia's counter-terrorism police arrested five people in connection with the April 15 suicide bombing of a mosque.
    (AFP, 10/8/11)
2011        Oct 8, Iran sentenced actress Marzieh Vafamehr to a year in jail and 90 lashes for her role in a film about the limits imposed on artists in the Islamic republic. Vafamehr was arrested in July after appearing in "My Tehran for Sale," which came under harsh criticism in conservative circles. She was released on bail later in July. Her sentence was overturned later this month on appeal.
    (AFP, 10/9/11)(AP, 10/29/11)
2011        Oct 8, Iran hanged a man (67) convicted of multiple rapes of 37 women whom he coerced by filming acts with them. He was executed in a prison in Isfahan after four years of repeated appeals against his sentence.
    (AFP, 10/8/11)
2011        Oct 8, Production at Iraq's biggest oil field was partially halted after two bombs at the Rumaila field damaged a pipeline transporting crude. Iraq currently produces around 2.9 million bpd, and says it will be capable of output of 12 million by 2017.
    (AFP, 10/8/11)(SSFC, 10/9/11, p.A4)
2011        Oct 8, In Iraq six members of a demining team died when a controlled detonation of old land mines went wrong.
    (AP, 10/10/11)
2011        Oct 8, A Global Irish Economic forum in Dublin announced Diaspora 2016, a plan to gather industry leaders with Irish roots to serve on Irish state boards until 2016. The plan was formed by the Irish Technology Leadership Group in San Jose, Ca.
    (SFC, 12/9/11, p.D1)
2011        Oct 8, In Israel Jaffa residents discovered that 26 graves had been daubed with anti-Arab graffiti reading "Death to Arabs" and "price tag," 22 of them in a Muslim cemetery and four in a nearby Christian burial site.
    (AFP, 10/9/11)
2011        Oct 8, In Libya Seif al-Islam was seen distributing cash to his loyalists in Bani Walid.
    (AP, 10/9/11)
2011        Oct 8, Pirates off Nigeria boarded the MT Cape Bird, a chemical tanker believed to be a Marshall Islands-flagged vessel, about 90 nautical miles from Lagos. 20 Eastern European sailors were onboard. The crew and vessel were freed on Oct 14.
    (AFP, 10/10/11)(AP, 10/12/11)(AFP, 10/14/11)
2011        Oct 8, Pakistani authorities detained two suspects as they drove through the Shahzad neighborhood of Islamabad. The men had concealed more than a dozen rockets, 12 hand grenades and vests packed with explosives in their car and at an Islamabad home.
    (AP, 10/8/11)
2011        Oct 8, Palestinian leader Mahmud Abbas arrived in El Salvador from the Dominican Republic on the latest stop of a Latin American tour to round up support for UN recognition of a Palestinian state. He was to meet with the local Palestinian community later in the day ahead of a meeting the next day with Salvadoran President Mauricio Funes.
    (AFP, 10/9/11)
2011        Oct 8, Polish authorities said 2 Polish men have been arrested and charged with carrying out a string of bomb attacks at IKEA stores across Europe and trying to extort millions from the Swedish furniture giant. They were identified as Mikolaj G. and Adam K., both 39-year-olds from the northern city of Gdynia.
    (AP, 10/8/11)
2011        Oct 8, In South Korea US military officials apologized as they tried to ease growing public anger over 2 US soldiers who have been accused of raping teenage girls.
    (AP, 10/8/11)
2011        Oct 8, South Sudanese President Salva Kiir led the first top-level delegation to Khartoum since southern secession. After one-to-one talks both presidents pledged to work together for peace and stability, and to put the years of conflict behind them.
    (AFP, 10/8/11)
2011        Oct 8, Sri Lanka presidential aide Bharatha Lakshman Premachandra and his bodyguard were shot dead in a gunbattle involving opposing factions of the ruling party during local council elections in the capital. Police said they were slain by a group led by ruling party legislator Duminda Silva, who was also critically wounded in the gunbattle.
    (AFP, 10/8/11)
2011        Oct 8, Syrian security forces opened fire on tens of thousands of mourners who turned out for the funeral of a slain Kurdish opposition leader in Qamishli, killing at least 5 people. Kurds, the largest ethnic minority in Syria, make up 15% of the country's 23 million people and have long complained of neglect and discrimination.
    (AP, 10/8/11)(AP, 10/9/11)
2011        Oct 8, Thailand's PM Yingluck Shinawatra warned that rising floodwaters, which have wreaked havoc across the nation, are now threatening the capital, Bangkok, as the death toll from the worst monsoon rains in decades rose to 253.
    (AP, 10/8/11)
2011        Oct 8, A Yemeni policeman was killed and five others wounded when a bomb exploded at their post in the southern city of Aden.
    (AFP, 10/8/11)

2011        Oct 9, In Afghanistan ousted parliamentarian Simeen Barakzai began her eighth day of  a hunger strike. Through chapped lips and in a rough voice, she said she would not drink or eat anything until President Hamid Karzai opened an investigation into vote fraud by the woman who has taken over her seat in Herat province.
    (AP, 10/9/11)
2011        Oct 9, Algerian police arrested roughly 25 unemployed people as they prepared to rally against joblessness near the presidential compound.
    (AFP, 10/9/11)
2011        Oct 9, The governments of Belgium, France and Luxembourg said they had approved a plan for the future of embattled bank Dexia, but they offered no details. France and Belgium became part owners of the bank during a euro6 billion ($7.8 billion) 2008 bailout. They have promised to ensure that no Dexia depositors lose money. Luxembourg held a smaller stake. The cost of the bailout to French taxpayers was about €6.6 billion.
    (AP, 10/9/11)(Econ, 11/16/13, p.77)
2011        Oct 9, Cameroon voted in a presidential election widely expected to take longtime leader Paul Biya (78) into his fourth decade in power. Food and living costs continued to spiral as unemployment reached a crushing 60%. The vote was marked by widespread voter apathy, with Biya's reelection never in doubt, but was also marred by the killings of two policemen and an opposition official. On Oct 21 the Supreme Court said Biya was reelected for a sixth term with about 78% of the votes.
    (AP, 10/9/11)(AFP, 10/10/11)(AFP, 10/21/11)
2011        Oct 9, China's President Hu Jintao called for Taiwan and the Chinese mainland to reunite, as he marked the 100th anniversary of the revolution that ended the nation's long imperial history.
    (AFP, 10/9/11)
2011        Oct 9, In Egypt some 1,000 Christian protesters tried to stage a peaceful sit-in outside the state television building along the Nile in downtown Cairo. The protesters said they were attacked by "thugs" with sticks and the violence then spiraled out of control after a speeding military vehicle jumped up onto a sidewalk and rammed into some of the Christians. 27 people were killed including at least 3 soldiers. Wael Mikhael, a cameraman working for a Coptic Christian broadcaster, was among those killed. On Oct 25 the New-York based Human Rights Watch called for an independent investigation of the deaths and urged authorities to transfer investigation of the case from military to civilian prosecutors.
    (AP, 10/10/11)(AP, 10/13/11)(AP, 10/25/11)
2011        Oct 9, In French Polynesia German tourist Stefan Ramin (40) was murdered while visiting Nuku Hiva island. Haiti, a 31-year-old local guide, said Ramin was injured and then attempted to sexually assault Ramin’s girlfriend Heike Dorsch (37). Human remains were found in a charred pit on the island on Oct 12.
    (AFP, 10/18/11)
2011        Oct 9, In Iran Peiman Aref, a student activist supporting the opposition, received 74 lashes before leaving the prison where he had served a yearlong term for insulting the president.
    (AP, 10/11/11)
2011        Oct 9, Libya's revolutionary forces seized a convention center that had served as a key base for fighters loyal to Moammar Gadhafi in the fugitive leader's hometown, as they squeezed remaining regime loyalists in the besieged coastal city. In Bani Walid, advancing fighters drove Gadhafi forces out of the airport.
    (AP, 10/9/11)
2011        Oct 9, In Mexico the entire police force of the northern city of Linares, over 100 officers, was detained for investigation of possible corruption and ties to organized crime. Mexican soldiers and Nuevo Leon state police patrolled in their absence.
    (AP, 10/10/11)
2011        Oct 9, In Nigeria suspected members of the Boko haram radical sect set off a bomb near a mosque in Maiduguri. A soldier and one civilian died from their injuries. The military was accused of abuses following the attacks.
    (AP, 10/10/11)(AFP, 10/10/11)
2011        Oct 9, Paraguay held a constitutional referendum on whether citizens living in Argentina, Spain, the U.S. and elsewhere outside the country can vote. The measure was supported by nearly 78% of the ballots counted.
    (AP, 10/9/11)
2011        Oct 9, In the southern Philippines suspected homemade bombs exploded in a budget hotel and at a cockfighting arena, wounding at least 11 people in Zamboanga city.
    (AP, 10/9/11)
2011        Oct 9, Poles voted in parliamentary elections that will determine whether the country continues on its conciliatory course with Russia and Germany, or whether it returns to a more combative stance with its historic foes. Results showed that PM Tusk’s pro-European party could maintain a narrow majority in parliament with its small coalition partner, a sign of deepening stability in this nation of 38 million. The Palikot's Movement, a new left-wing party that opposes the church's influence in political life in this conservative and mainly Catholic country, entered parliament as the third largest force.
    (AP, 10/9/11)(AP, 10/10/11)
2011        Oct 9, In South Sudan an anti-tank mine reportedly blew up a civilian bus killing 20 people, including four children, in central Unity state.
    (AFP, 10/13/11)
2011        Oct 9, Syria's foreign minister warned the international community not to recognize a new umbrella council formed by the opposition, threatening "tough measures" against any country that does so. At least 7 civilians were killed in Homs province. 5 soldiers and 3 civilians were killed in Dael. Other soldiers and civilians were killed in the Jabal al-Zawiyah areas in Idlib province. A shooting at a funeral in the Damascus suburb of Dumair left three dead.
    (AP, 10/9/11)(AP, 10/10/11)
2011        Oct 9, Tunisian police arrested dozens of Islamist demonstrators set on attacking the offices of a television channel that had shown the award-winning film "Persepolis," Marjane Satrapi's moving and humorous adaptation of her graphic novels about growing up during and after Iran's 1979 Islamic Revolution.
    (AP, 10/9/11)
2011        Oct 9, Yemeni opposition spokesman Mohammed Qahtan urged the UN Security Council to break the political deadlock in Yemen, scoffing at a statement from President Ali Abdullah Saleh that he was ready to step down.
    (AFP, 10/9/11)
2011        Oct 9, In Zimbabwe the archbishop of Canterbury, Rowan Williams, condemned "godless" assaults on Anglicans by a breakaway faction of the Anglican Church led by an excommunicated bishop, aligned with Zimbabwe's president. Anglican faithful have turned to tents and parking lots for their services, as renegade bishop Nolbert Kunonga has forcefully blocked them from Church property.
    (AFP, 10/9/11)

2011        Oct 10, The Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences was awarded Americans Thomas Sargent and Christopher Sims won for their research on cause and effect in the macroeconomy.
    (AP, 10/10/11)
2011        Oct 10, In California a 1,704 pumpkin won a prize of $11,224 in the annual Half Moon Bay Pumpkin Festival. Leonardo Urena’s pumpkin set a state record, but was 106 pounds short of a world record set in 2010 by a Wisconsin grown gourd.
    (SFC, 10/11/11, p.C1)
2011        Oct 10, In Oakland, Ca., anti-Wall Street protesters began their Occupy Oakland encampment in front of city hall at Frank Ogawa Plaza.
    (SFC, 11/14/11, p.A9)
2011        Oct 10, In eastern Afghanistan 6 civilians died in twin explosions in the Dangam district of Kunar province. NATO said one of its service members died in the south.
    (AFP, 10/10/11)(AP, 10/10/11)
2011        Oct 10, In Angola a Luanda court gave William Tonet, editor of the newspaper Folha 8, five days to pay 10 million kwanzas ($106,000, 77,000 euro) in damages or spend a year in jail for a 2008 article in which he had accused three generals of the Angolan Armed Forces of self-enrichment and power abuse. Over the next week supporters raised $50,000 to pay the fine.
    (AFP, 10/11/11)
2011        Oct 10, In Australia Bryn Martin (64) disappeared while swimming toward a buoy off Perth city's central Cottesloe Beach. Officials suspected that a shark attack killed Martin.
    (AP, 10/10/11)
2011        Oct 10, Bangladesh's main opposition launched a protest campaign in which 3,000 cars drive en masse around the country to demand that the government resigns.
    (AFP, 10/10/11)
2011        Oct 10, The World Bank said that it had put on hold a $1.2 billion loan for a huge bridge in Bangladesh amid allegations of corruption in the bidding process.
    (AFP, 10/10/11)
2011        Oct 10, It was reported that Bolivia's government is giving school teachers free laptops with a stenciled image of a smiling President Evo Morales on the back of each computer. The government is handing out 130,000 Lenovo laptops worth more than $50 million.
    (AP, 10/10/11)
2011        Oct 10, The $5 million Mo Ibrahim award for good leadership in Africa, withheld the previous two years because of a lack of qualified candidates, was bestowed to Cape Verde's former Pres. Pedro Verona Pires (77) for promoting democracy and development on his archipelago.
    (AP, 10/10/11)
2011        Oct 10, A global disruption of BlackBerry services began and continued for 3 days. 4 days later Canada-based Research In Motion was still working to clear a backlog of delayed messages, hoping to control the damage to RIM.
    (Reuters, 10/13/11)
2011        Oct 10, China suspended shipping through Southeast Asia's Golden Triangle after Oct 5 attacks by suspected drug traffickers on two Chinese cargo ships left 13 people dead or missing on the Mekong River.
    (AP, 10/10/11)
2011        Oct 10, In Egypt small skirmishes broke out again in Cairo outside the Coptic hospital where many of the Christian victims were taken the night before. Several hundred Christians pelted police with rocks as the screams of grieving women rang out from inside the hospital.
    (AP, 10/10/11)
2011        Oct 10, In Germany an arson attack on Berlin's busy central train station was thwarted after railway employees discovered a device set to explode. The tabloid Bild reported that a leftist group calling itself the "Hekla Reception Committee — Initiative for more Eruptions in Society," in an apparent reference to Iceland's Hekla volcano, claimed responsibility. It said this was a protest against Germany's military engagement in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 10/10/11)
2011        Oct 10, In Haiti an official with Doctors Without Borders said the number of cholera cases seen in Port-au-Prince has jumped about threefold in recent weeks.
    (AP, 10/10/11)
2011        Oct 10, India's largest car maker Maruti Suzuki called for authorities to evict 1,500 striking workers who have seized control of one of its plants, amid allegations of sabotage and violence. The workers began staging a sit-in strike at its Manesar factory in northern Haryana state on Oct 7.
    (AFP, 10/10/11)
2011        Oct 10, Indonesian police shot and killed one protester and wounded another as they clashed with striking workers at a mine run by US company Freeport McMoran. The clash erupted when police tried to stop more than 1,000 workers, who began their strike on September 15, from entering a facility at the Grasberg mining complex.
    (AFP, 10/10/11)
2011        Oct 10, In Iraq a string of explosions targeting security officials killed at least 10 people in western Baghdad.
    (SFC, 10/11/11, p.A2)
2011        Oct 10, An Irish court ordered independent opposition politician Mick Wallace to repay almost 20 million euros (£17.4 million) in bank loans, raising the possibility that the builder could face bankruptcy and have to quit parliament.
    (Reuters, 10/10/11)
2011        Oct 10, Kuwaiti exports and imports were disrupted as over 3,000 customs officers went on strike demanding better pay and threatening to halt oil exports.
    (AFP, 10/10/11)
2011        Oct 10, In Israel nearly 300 residents at hospitals failed to turn up to work and hundreds more were poised to resign later the same day in a dispute over pay and conditions.
    (AFP, 10/10/11)
2011        Oct 10, Mexican marines said they have seized more than 4 tons of marijuana, arrested 36 cartel members and killed 11 others during five days of raids through the violent border state of Tamaulipas.
    (AP, 10/10/11)
2011        Oct 10, In Morocco some 50 imams protested in the capital over tight controls on their preaching, the first time such a demonstration has been allowed to go forward. The imams said their demands included higher salaries, permission to give their own sermons and to be consulted on matters of religion and law.
    (AP, 10/10/11)
2011        Oct 10, In the Gaza Strip at least one person has been killed in an explosion along the northern border with Israel. Israeli army officials believed the blast was set off by two militants who were trying to plant a bomb.
    (AP, 10/10/11)
2011        Oct 10, Philippine army troops battled communist guerrillas in a running gunbattle that killed eight rebels and a soldier in the mountainous north, in the latest flare-up in the 42-year insurgency despite on-and-off peace talks.
    (AP, 10/10/11)
2011        Oct 10, An undersea telecommunications table landed in Sierra Leone, part of a 17,000-km fiber optic line that aims to connect countries along the west African coast to Europe.
    (AFP, 10/11/11)
2011        Oct 10, In Somalia heavy fighting broke out in Mogadishu after pro-government forces attacked militant positions. At least 8 civilians and one AU soldier were killed in the fighting. This followed what the African Union force said were the deaths a day earlier of at least 12 Somali civilians because of militants' mortars.
    (AP, 10/10/11)
2011        Oct 10, Pirates of Somalia attacked the Italian cargo ship Montecristo carrying a crew of 23. US and British Navy ships freed the ship and 11 pirates were apprehended.
    (AP, 10/11/11)
2011        Oct 10, South Africa launched its census count, with officials pleading for residents in the crime-plagued nation to open their often formidably barricaded doors to teams of yellow-shirted enumerators.
    (AFP, 10/10/11)
2011        Oct 10, In Sudan attackers killed three UNAMID peacekeepers and wounded six others near the Zam Zam displaced persons camp in North Darfur. One assailant was killed.
    (AP, 10/11/11)
2011        Oct 10, Turkish air raids in northern Iraq reportedly killed 7 Kurdish rebels including three senior operatives.
    (AP, 10/22/11)
2011        Oct 10, The UN issued a 74-page report that found that detainees in 47 facilities in 24 provinces run by the Afghan National Police and the Directorate of Security suffered interrogation techniques that constituted torture under both international and Afghan law.
    (AP, 10/10/11)
2011        Oct 10, In Zimbabwe the Archbishop of Canterbury, Rowan Williams, handed over a report to President Robert Mugabe detailing incidents of intimidation.
    (AP, 10/11/11)   

2011        Oct 11, Senate Republicans voted to kill the $447 billion White House jobs bill despite weeks of barnstorming by President Barack Obama across the country. 46 Republicans joined with two Democrats to delay the plan. Republicans opposed the measure over its spending to stimulate the economy and its tax surcharge on millionaires.
    (AP, 10/11/11)
2011        Oct 11, Washington acknowledged for the first time that it is waging "war" against militants in Pakistan.
    (AFP, 10/13/11)
2011        Oct 11, In Boston more than 50 protesters from the Occupy Boston movement were arrested after they ignored warnings to move from a downtown greenway near where they have been camped out for more than a week.
    (AP, 10/11/11)
2011        Oct 11, Dave Dawes (47), a shift supervisor at a food producer, and his partner Angela Dawes, a charity shop volunteer, were the only winners of €uroMillions Britain's third-largest lottery jackpot, worth 116 million euros or $157 million.
    (AFP, 10/13/11)
2011        Oct 11, In Cuba Amado Fakhre, a British citizen and head of the Coral Capital investment fund, was detained by security agents. His company owned Havana’s poshest hotel in partnership with the government and hoped to win a $400 million contract to build homes around a golf course.
    (Econ, 11/12/11, p.46)(Econ, 5/25/13, p.36)
2011        Oct 11, Egypt's finance minister and deputy prime minister resigned in protest over the government's handling of deadly weekend protests that left 27 dead, most of them Coptic Christians. Some 20,000 mourners chanted slogans denouncing the ruling military during a funeral procession overnight for 17 Christians killed in the Cairo protest.
    (AP, 10/11/11)(AP, 10/25/11)
2011        Oct 11, German Chancellor Angela Merkel met with her Vietnamese counterpart, PM Nguyen Tan Dung, as part of a two-day visit to boost trade ties with the Communist country.
    (AP, 10/11/11)
2011        Oct 11, In Germany an attempted arson attack on a railway link in Berlin with three separate explosives devices was thwarted. It was the third in two days targeting railway operations in and around the capital.
    (AP, 10/11/11)
2011        Oct 11, Israel and Hamas announced that Sgt. Gilad Shalit, an Israeli soldier abducted to Gaza five years ago, would be swapped for about 1,000 Palestinians held by Israel and accused of militant activity. The next morning the Israeli Cabinet endorsed the Egyptian-brokered deal in a 26-3 vote. Shalit was expected to return via Egypt by Oct 19.
    (AP, 10/11/11)(AP, 10/12/11)(AFP, 10/13/11)
2011        Oct 11, Italy’s defense minister said armed forces can be deployed on Italian ships sailing in dangerous waters and that ship owners requesting the service would need to reimburse the ministry.
    (AP, 10/11/11)
2011        Oct 11, Two Italians, who say they were sexually abused by priests, completed a 19-day, 340-mile (550-km) protest march to the Vatican and tried unsuccessfully to obtain an audience with the pope.
    (AP, 10/11/11)
2011        Oct 11, Kosovo's foreign minister said Kuwait has recognized Kosovo's 2008 declaration of independence from Serbia.
    (AP, 10/11/11)
2011        Oct 11, Liberia held presidential elections. President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf (72), recent Nobel Peace Prize winner, faced 15 opposition candidates including soccer star George Weah. Sirleaf took 44% of the vote, with Tubman, a former diplomat, at 31%. Turnout was 71.4%. With 31% voting for her challenger, Sirleaf would need No. 3 Prince Johnson's endorsement to win the upcoming runoff.
    (AP, 10/11/11)(AP, 10/13/11)(AFP, 10/17/11)
2011        Oct 11, In Libya new regime fighters seized the police headquarters in the center of Moamer Kadhafi's hometown Sirte as they moved against the strongman's remaining diehards.
    (AFP, 10/11/11)
2011        Oct 11, Mexican marines in the violent border state of Tamaulipas found the body of Cesar Davila Garcia, the alleged top accountant for the Gulf Cartel drug trafficking network.
    (AP, 10/12/11)
2011        Oct 11, Myanmar's newly elected civilian government announced it will release 6,359 prisoners in an amnesty that could help patch up the country's human rights record and normalize relations with Western nations. Only 200 turned out to be political prisoners.
    (AP, 10/11/11)(Econ, 10/15/11, p.52)
2011        Oct 11, Myanmar’s government signed legislation allowing the establishment of trade unions.
    (Econ, 10/8/11, p.51)(www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-pacific-15303968)
2011        Oct 11, New Zealand declared its worst maritime pollution disaster, as oil gushed into a pristine bay from the Rena, a stranded container ship being pounded in heavy seas.
    (AP, 10/11/11)
2011        Oct 11, Nigeria's secret police said 3 additional suspects, including a banker, have been arrested over two car bombings on the Oct 1, 2010, Independence Day in Abuja, which killed at least 12 people.
    (AFP, 10/11/11)
2011        Oct 11, Pakistan PM Yousuf Raza Gilani pledged to create thousands of jobs in insurgency-wracked Baluchistan as he admitted past neglect of the region had fuelled its troubles. 2 people were killed in Baluchistan province when gunmen torched an oil tanker carrying fuel for NATO troops in Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 10/11/11)
2011        Oct 11, Palestinian leader Mahmud Abbas, on a Latin American swing to drum up support for his bid to gain UN state recognition, failed to secure support from Colombia’s President Juan Manuel Santos. Abbas continued on to Venezuela to meet with Pres. Chavez.
    (AFP, 10/12/11)
2011        Oct 11, Slovakia’s government fell when Parliament failed to approve more powers for an EU bailout fund in a vote tied to a confidence vote in Radicova's 1-year-old government. The vote failed because a coalition partner refused to support it. The parliament rejected a bill that would have strengthened the powers of the regional rescue fund to help bail out strapped economies in the eurozone. Outgoing PM Iveta Radicova and her main opponent said they will work to try to get the bill through Parliament.
    (AP, 10/12/11)(AP, 10/14/11)
2011        Oct 11, Syrian security forces mounted an offensive in Homs where 7 people were reported killed.
    (SFC, 10/12/11, p.A2)
2011        Oct 11, Thailand workers raced to complete three critical flood walls with only one or two days to go before the already swollen river that winds through the capital bursts its banks. Nationwide flooding has already killed nearly 270 people. A preliminary estimate by the central bank showed economic losses from flooding that began in late July range from baht 60 billion to baht 80 billion ($1.9 billion to $2.6 billion).
    (AP, 10/11/11)
2011        Oct 11, Ukraine's former PM Yulia Tymoshenko (50) was sentenced to 7 years in prison on charges of abuse of office in signing a gas deal with Russia, a verdict immediately condemned by the European Union as politically motivated. The sentence also included a 3-year ban on public office and a fine of $190 million.
    (AP, 10/11/11)(Econ, 10/15/11, p.59)
2011        Oct 11, UNICEF, the UN children's agency, warned that the west and central Africa region is facing one of the worst cholera epidemics in its history, with over 85,000 cases reported leading to 2,466 deaths this year. The most significant increases were in Chad, Cameroon, and in western Democratic Republic of Congo.
    (AFP, 10/11/11)

2011        Oct 12, US troops arrived in Uganda. On Oct 14 President Barack Obama announced he is dispatching about 100 US troops, mostly special operations forces, to central Africa to advise in the fight against the Lord's Resistance Army, a guerrilla group accused of widespread atrocities across several countries.
    (AP, 10/15/11)
2011        Oct 12, The US Congress approved free trade agreements with South Korea, Colombia and Panama, ending a four-year drought in the forming of new trade partnerships and giving the White House and Capitol Hill the opportunity to show they can work together to stimulate the economy and put people back to work.
    (AP, 10/13/11)
2011        Oct 12, In Arkansas Patricia Guardado (22), a college sophomore, was reported missing. She was found dead on Oct 16 in a pond south of Little Rock.
    (AP, 10/17/11)
2011        Oct 12, In Seal Beach, Ca., a gunman burst through the door of a hair salon and began shooting. The shooter then stepped outside, shot a man sitting in a truck in the parking lot and sped off. 8 people, including his wife, were killed and another one left in critical condition. Police arrested Scott Dekraai (42) about a half-mile from the Salon Meritage. He was the ex-husband of stylist Michelle Fournier, who worked there. On April 28 Dekraai agreed to plead guilty.
    (AP, 10/13/11)(SFC, 10/15/11, p.A7)(SFC, 4/29/14, p.A6)
2011        Oct 12, The City Council in Harrisburg, Pa., filed for bankruptcy, despite opposition by the Mayor Linda Thompson and state Gov. Tom Corbett. Harrisburg faced $300 million in debt connected to a city-owned rubbish incinerator.
    (SFC, 10/13/11, p.A8)(Econ, 12/3/11, p.89)
2011        Oct 12, A Texas appeals court formally exonerated Michael Morton, who spent nearly 25 years in prison for his wife's 1986 fatal beating, reaffirming a judge's decision to set him free last week after DNA tests linked the killing to another man.
    (AP, 10/12/11)
2011        Oct 12, Dennis Ritchie (b.1941), American computer scientist, was found dead at his home in New Jersey. In the late 1960s Ritchie invented the C programming language. Ritchie and Ken Thompson then used C to develop the Unix operating system.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dennis_Ritchie)(Econ, 10/22/11, p.22)
2011        Oct 12, In Chile intense fog led to a 51-vehicle pileup along the highway linking the capital to the port city of Valparaiso, killing five people and injuring more than 20.
    (AP, 10/13/11)
2011        Oct 12, China said it is to invest up to 4 trillion yuan ($600 billion) over the next decade to overcome a huge water shortage that threatens the country's economic growth.
    (AFP, 10/12/11)
2011        Oct 12, In the Dominican Rep. hundreds of teachers, farmers and union members gathered outside the Congress to demand the government spend more on public education.
    (AP, 10/12/11)
2011        Oct 12, A Gambian court sentenced eight foreigners to 50 years in prison for trafficking cocaine worth a billion dollars. They included 4 Venezuelans, 2 Dutchmen, a Mexican and a Nigerian. Another accused Venezuelan died before the judgment.
    (AFP, 10/12/11)
2011        Oct 12, In Germany Berlin's railway network was targeted by three more arson attacks, raising this week's total to seven. The government called them terrorist acts.
    (AP, 10/12/11)
2011        Oct 12, Guatemalan prosecutors arrested former Gen. Mauricio Rodriguez, another former army general who was allegedly involved in dozens of massacres of indigenous people during the Central American nation's civil war. He headed the feared G-2 military intelligence force in 1982 and 1983. A truth commission found the G-2 may have participated in as many as 71 operations against civilians.
    (AP, 10/13/11)
2011        Oct 12, An Indian-French satellite that will study monsoon patterns and global warming was launched from a space center in southern India. Three other smaller satellites were also released from the rocket.
    (AFP, 10/12/11)
2011        Oct 12, India and Vietnam signed an accord to promote oil exploration in Vietnamese waters that could escalate long-standing tensions with China as it presses territorial claims to much of the South China sea.
    (AP, 10/12/11)
2011        Oct 12, Indonesia lawmakers passed a new security bill, the Law on State Intelligence."
    (Econ, 11/19/11, p.53)
2011        Oct 12, Iranian lawmaker Ali Motahari said he is resigning to protest the parliament's failure to summon President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad for questioning over a long list of accusations, including corruption.
    (AP, 10/12/11)
2011        Oct 12, In Iraq a slew of bombings targeted Iraqi police in Baghdad, including blasts by two suicide bombers who tried to ram their vehicles through police station gates. 25 people died and over 70 were wounded in the carnage.
    (AP, 10/12/11)(SFC, 10/13/11, p.A5)
2011        Oct 12, Libya’s new regime fighters captured Khaled Tantoosh, the Kadhafi regime's top cleric, as he attempted to flee Sirte with his beard shaved off to disguise his appearance.
    (AFP, 10/13/11)
2011        Oct 12, Mexican troops captured Carlos Oliva Castillo (37), alias "The Frog," as part of an operation that freed 36 kidnap victims and led to the seizure of more than 800 cars as well as 27.5 tons of marijuana and hundreds of weapons in Saltillo, Coahuila state. He had allegedly ordered an arson attack at a casino in northern Mexico that killed 52 people. 14 people, including three state police investigators and a local police officer, were reported killed in eight separate incidents in Ciudad Juarez. In Chihuahua gunmen killed six people in a house where drug users gathered to take heroin in the state capital.
    (AP, 10/12/11)(AP, 10/13/11)
2011        Oct 12, Hurricane Jova slammed into Mexico’s Pacific coast killing 6 people. Farther south, a low-pressure system continued to dump rain on southern Mexico and Central America, where it was blamed for the deaths of 15 people in Guatemala.
    (SFC, 10/13/11, p.A2)(AP, 10/13/11)
2011        Oct 12, Myanmar released at least 184 political prisoners, including Zarganar, one of its most famous comedians, in a tentative sign of change in the authoritarian state after decades of repression.
    (AFP, 10/12/11)
2011        Oct 12, Police in Nigeria raided the Abuja office of The Nation newspaper. A day earlier detectives arrested five journalists over the publication of a purported letter from the nation's former president instructing its current leader to fire government officials. The letter hit a nerve in Nigerian politics, as it recommended replacing leaders from the Muslim north as opposed to the country's Christian south. 4 of the 5 journalists were released this evening.
    (AP, 10/12/11)(AFP, 10/13/11)
2011        Oct 12, In Nigeria members of the Boko Haram radical Muslim sect attacked a bank in the northeast, killing one police officer and stealing an undisclosed sum of money in Damboa, Borno state.
    (AP, 10/12/11)
2011        Oct 12, In Northern Ireland a small bomb in a backpack damaged the entrance of the City of Culture office in Londonderry. An Irish Republican Army splinter group using a recognized code word claimed responsibility.
    (AP, 10/13/11)
2011        Oct 12, Oman’s Sultan Qaboos, himself a music enthusiast, officially opened the Royal Opera House of Oman, the first of its kind in the Arabian Peninsula.
    (AFP, 10/13/11)
2011        Oct 12, Philippine President Benigno Aquino announced a $1.66 billion program to help his country cope with the deepening global economic turmoil.
    (AFP, 10/12/11)
2011        Oct 12, Serbia received European Union notice for recommendation to become an official EU candidate. The recommendation must formally be approved by the EU's Council of Ministers on Dec 9. A date to begin formal accession talks depended on the country and neighboring Kosovo to improve relations.
    (AP, 10/12/11)(AP, 10/15/11)
2011        Oct 12, In Syria tens of thousands of people rallied in central Damascus in a show of support for the regime of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad which has been shaken by mass protests for nearly seven months.
    (AFP, 10/12/11)(SFC, 10/13/11, p.A5)
2011        Oct 12, Taiwan said that it was seeking nearly $100 million in compensation from France, in the latest twist to a long-running kickback scandal over the 1991 sale of warships to the island.
    (AFP, 10/12/11)
2011        Oct 12, A Turkish court began questioning a man and three alleged accomplices suspected of attempting to kill Shamsuddin Batukayev (55), a former Chechen separatist leader, in Istanbul earlier this week.
    (AP, 10/12/11)
2011        Oct 12, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni rejected corruption claims after lawmakers put a freeze on new oil contracts over claims that government ministers accepted bribes for tenders.
    (AFP, 10/12/11)
2011        Oct 12, The Yemeni government urged the UN Security Council to avoid a resolution targeting embattled President Ali Abdullah Saleh, calling on it instead to back a political solution for the country's crisis.
    (AFP, 10/13/11)

2011        Oct 13, In NYC Galleon Group founder Raj Rajaratnam (54) was sentenced to 11 years in prison, the longest insider trading sentence ever. He was also fined $10 million and ordered to forfeit $53.8 million. US District Judge Richard J. Holwell said he concluded that Rajaratnam made well over $50 million in profits from his illegal trades.
    (AP, 10/13/11)
2011        Oct 13, In eastern Colorado a 5 children and man were killed when their van collided with a tractor-trailer.
    (SFC, 10/14/11, p.A6)
2011        Oct 13, Afghan police took ousted parliamentarian Simeen Barakzai (30) to hospital by ambulance and dismantled the tent where she had observed a 12-day hunger strike to protest against being disqualified from parliament.
    (AFP, 10/14/11)
2011        Oct 13, In Austria a Saudi-backed interfaith center, the "King Abdullah Bin Abdulaziz International Center for Interreligious and Intercultural Dialogue," was inaugurated in Vienna, igniting debate over the subject of religious tolerance.
    (AP, 10/13/11)
2011        Oct 13, Bhutan King Jigme Khesar Namgyal Wangchuck (31), the fifth Dragon King, married his commoner bride, Jetsun Pema (21).
    (AP, 10/13/11)
2011        Oct 13, In Brazil an explosion, likely caused by a gas leak, ripped through a restaurant in downtown Rio de Janeiro, killing at least three people and injuring 13.
    (AP, 10/13/11)
2011        Oct 13, Ten Cameroonian presidential candidates were reported to have filed requests with the Supreme Court for the October 9 poll to be nullified over alleged irregularities.
    (AFP, 10/13/11)
2011        Oct 13, Equatorial Guinea's President Teodoro Nguema Obiang signed a decree  nominating his playboy son, Teodoro Obiang Mangue, as his deputy envoy to UNESCO in apparent retaliation for the UN body's refusal to award a prize named in his honor. The news was made public on Oct 19. Teodorin's appointment was announced on the same day that Human Rights Watch urged United States authorities to move quickly to probe his alleged corruption and money-laundering.
    (AFP, 10/19/11)
2011        Oct 13, In France a high school math teacher in the city of Beziers sprayed herself with a flammable product and set herself alight in the school yard during recreation. She was hospitalized with serious burns.
    (AP, 10/13/11)
2011        Oct 13, German police found bottles filled with a potentially explosive mix of liquid and powder beside train tracks in southwestern Berlin, the 16th firebomb discovered in four days.
    (AP, 10/13/11)
2011        Oct 13, Haitian President Michel Martelly said he's determined to move forward with a controversial plan to bring back the army to the Caribbean nation.
    (AP, 10/13/11)
2011        Oct 13, In Indonesia a 6.0 earthquake jolted the island of Bali, injuring dozens of people and causing panic as hundreds of tourists fled violently shaking buildings.
    (AFP, 10/13/11)
2011        Oct 13, Greenpeace UK director John Sauven was blocked by immigration officials on arrival at Jakarta international airport and was sent back that night to Britain. He had arrived to campaign against deforestation.
    (AFP, 10/14/11)
2011        Oct 13, In Iraq 2 night time explosions in Sadr City, a Shiite neighborhood of eastern Baghdad, killed 17 people and wounded around 50 others.
    (AP, 10/14/11)
2011        Oct 13, Kazakhstan's Pres. Nursultan Nazarbayev approved a bill tightening registration rules for religious groups that has been described by critics as a blow to freedom of belief in the ex-Soviet nation.
    (AP, 10/13/11)
2011        Oct 13, In Libya new regime fighters moved from house to house in Sirte, hunting for weapons or suspected Kadhafi fighters and sometimes making off with bags full of looted possessions and leaving trashed homes in their wake. NTC commanders said the Kadhafi remnants were cornered within about two square km (500 acres) of the city.
    (AFP, 10/13/11)(AFP, 10/14/11)
2011        Oct 13, In Nigeria protesters marched to an army barracks to demand justice for the death of the cell phone market chairman known as Umar Quality.
    (AP, 10/13/11)
2011        Oct 13, Pakistani and US diplomats vowed to strengthen their troubled alliance two days after Washington acknowledged for the first time that it is waging "war" against militants in Pakistan. US drone strikes killed 10 militants, including Janbaz Zadran, a commander in the Haqqani network that the US military has linked to Pakistani intelligence.
    (AFP, 10/13/11)(AP, 10/16/11)
2011        Oct 13, A Hamas official said that close to 200 of the 450 Palestinians to be freed in the first phase of a swap for a captured Israeli soldier will not be allowed to return to their homes in the West Bank, Gaza or east Jerusalem, suggesting a substantial number may face deportation.
    (AP, 10/13/11)
2011        Oct 13, A Papua New Guinea Dash 8 passenger plane carrying 32 people crashed near the coast. Witness reports said only four people on board had survived.
    (AFP, 10/13/11)(SFC, 10/14/11, p.A2)
2011        Oct 13, Air traffic between Senegal and Mauritania resumed after a three-month pause, ending a row over onward flights.
    (AFP, 10/13/11)
2011        Oct 13, Slovakia’s Parliament approved an expanded EU fund in a repeat vote after the opposition voted in favor in exchange for early elections.
    (AP, 10/14/11)
2011        Oct 13, Somali Islamist Shebab rebels kidnapped two female Spanish aid workers from Kenya's Dadaab refugee camp, the third kidnapping of foreigners in just over a month.
    (AFP, 10/13/11)
2011        Oct 13, Sudan's President Omar al-Bashir arrived in Malawi for a regional trade summit, in defiance of the international war crimes warrant against him.
    (AFP, 10/13/11)
2011        Oct 13, Syrian troops clashed with armed men believed to be military defectors in a southern village and a northwestern town, killing at least 13 people in the latest sign that the 7-month-old uprising against President Bashar Assad is becoming increasingly militarized.
    (AP, 10/13/11)
2011        Oct 13, Thailand issued a flood warning for parts of Bangkok's northern outskirts after a dyke burst, in a setback to efforts to protect the city of 12 million people from the rising water. Unusually heavy monsoon rains have killed at least 283 people.
    (AFP, 10/13/11)
2011        Oct 13, Turkey's foreign minister said that Iraq should move to prevent Kurdish attacks on his country from Iraqi soil as the two countries renewed their commitment to fight the rebels.
    (AP, 10/13/11)
2011        Oct 13, Uganda charged three top ruling party officials, including recently resigned foreign minister Sam Kutesa, with abuse of office on charges that they allegedly misused funds meant for hosting the 2007 Commonwealth summit.
    (AFP, 10/13/11)
2011        Oct 13, Ukraine's Pres. Viktor Yanukovych, facing harsh Western criticism, said that he backs legal reforms that could allow the release of imprisoned former PM Yulia Tymoshenko.
    (AP, 10/13/11)

2011        Oct 14, California’s top prosecutor said 103 gang suspects have been arrested over the last 3 days under various charges as part of operation garlic press. Charges included drug sales and possession of firearms and stolen vehicles.
    (SFC, 10/15/11, p.C1)
2011        Oct 14, Kansas City's Catholic Bishop Robert Finn became the highest-ranking US Catholic official indicted on a charge of failing to protect children after he and his diocese waited five months to tell police about hundreds of images of child pornography discovered on a priest's computer. The indictment, handed down Oct. 6, was sealed because Finn was out of the country.
    (AP, 10/15/11)
2011        Oct 14, In southern Afghanistan a suicide attacker blew up an explosives-packed car while it was being inspected at a border police checkpoint that had been set up because of a warning of an imminent attack. 3 officers and one civilian were killed. NATO and Afghan forces killed 13 insurgents in an overnight operation targeting local Taliban leaders. One police officer was killed in the operation. 3 NATO service members were killed in separate attacks. Violence left at least 30 dead across Afghanistan.
    (AP, 10/14/11)(AP, 10/15/11)
2011        Oct 14, An Austrian court found right-wing politician Gerhard Kurzmann not guilty of charges of incitement for posting a video game called "Moschee Baba," that required players to target and stop mosques, minarets and muezzins as they appear on a screen.
    (AP, 10/14/11)
2011        Oct 14, Britain's defense minister Liam Fox quit his post after days of allegations about the influence-peddling of a close personal friend who joined key visits overseas and posed as an unofficial aide. PM David Cameron appointed Philip Hammond as the new defense minister.
    (AP, 10/14/11)(Reuters, 10/15/11)
2011        Oct 14, A British pilot (29) and his passenger (40) died in the crash of their small plane in Switzerland.
    (AFP, 10/15/11)
2011        Oct 14, A Chinese air force JH-7 jet crashed at an air show outside the northern city of Xi'an, leaving one of the pilots missing and presumed dead.
    (AP, 10/14/11)
2011        Oct 14, Cuban dissident Laura Pollan (63) died. She had founded the opposition group Ladies in White in 2003 following the arrest of her husband. For nearly a decade the group staged weekly protest marches with other wives of political prisoners to press for their release.
    (AP, 10/14/11)(Econ, 10/29/11, p.110)
2011        Oct 14, In Germany Greenpeace launched a new Rainbow Warrior. The $33 million schooner replaces its battered 50-year-old boat, which saw numerous encounters with whalers, seal hunters and illegal loggers. The first Rainbow Warrior was sunk by French intelligence agents in a New Zealand harbor in 1985 for opposing nuclear testing. The second Rainbow Warrior was retired this year to become a hospital ship in Bangladesh.
    (AP, 10/14/11)
2011        Oct 14, Heavy rains generated by a low-pressure system hammered Central America for a third day. Mudslides and swollen rivers have already killed 36 people. At least 21 people have been killed in Guatemala, 6 in Honduras, and 4 in Nicaragua.
    (AP, 10/14/11)
2011        Oct 14, In Honduras masked gunmen opened fire on four luxury SUVs as they left the parking lot the San Pedro Sula airport in the north, killing six men and wounding another three. Authorities say Mexico's Sinaloa and Zetas drug cartels operate cocaine-trafficking routes in northern and eastern Honduras.
    (AP, 10/14/11)
2011        Oct 14, In India Uttar Pradesh chief minister Mayawati (55), a powerful politician known as the "Dalit Queen," opened a huge memorial complex to herself and other low-caste icons as opponents slammed her extravagance. The vast sums Mayawati has spent on marble, granite and sandstone statue parks, scattered around the poverty-hit state, has appalled critics.
    (AFP, 10/14/11)
2011        Oct 14, Israel unveiled plans to build 2,610 units on disputed Jerusalem land. The project would nearly cut Arab neighborhoods of East Jerusalem from West Bank communities.
    (SFC, 10/15/11, p.A2)
2011        Oct 14, Japan's Olympus Corp fired Michael Woodford (51), its CEO and president, blaming the Briton in unusually blunt terms for trying to shake up 92 years of the firm's management culture. The 30-year Olympus veteran only became president in April and CEO this month with glowing reports on his performance.
    (Reuters, 10/14/11)
2011        Oct 14, Libya's new regime forces launched an intensive assault on two areas of fallen strongman Moamer Kadhafi's hometown of Sirte, bombarding his diehards with artillery, mortars and rockets. At least four people were killed and 46 wounded. Pro-Kadhafi gunmen took on fighters loyal to the National Transitional Council (NTC) in Abu Salim, a district around 10 km (six miles) south of Tripoli city center. 2 Kadhafi loyalists and one NTC fighter were killed while another 30 people were wounded.
    (AFP, 10/14/11)
2011        Oct 14, Malawi agreed to allow back into the country new Zambian President Michael Sata, who had been deported four years ago while still head of the Zambian opposition. Malawi also agreed to allow back Britain's ambassador, who was expelled in April after criticizing President Bingu wa Mutharika.
    (AFP, 10/15/11)
2011        Oct 14, In northeastern Nigeria suspected members of the Boko Haram radical Muslim sect shot and killed a policeman in Maiduguri.
    (AP, 10/15/11)
2011        Oct 14, In northwestern Pakistan a US drone strike killed four militants, the third such attack in 48 hours. The strike killed three Egyptians linked to the Haqqani network, including one who played a key role in handling the militant group's finances.
    (AFP, 10/14/11)(AP, 10/16/11)
2011        Oct 14, Puerto Rico's Corrections Department said it plans to dismiss 97 officers and suspend more than 100 others who face charges of drug consumption, contraband smuggling and unjustified absences.
    (AP, 10/14/11)
2011        Oct 14, Slovak President Ivan Gasparovic said he will dismiss PM Iveta Radicova's coalition government. It had lost a parliamentary confidence vote on Oct 11.
    (AP, 10/14/11)
2011        Oct 14, Somali lawmaker Mohamed Ananug lost his legs in a bomb blast whilst driving a car in southern Mogadishu.
    (AFP, 10/14/11)
2011        Oct 14, Syrian forces killed 11 people as they fired on rallies supporting army defectors opposed to a crackdown that the UN said has killed more than 3,000 people. Navi Pillay, the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, warned that the unrelenting crackdown by the government of President Bashar Assad could worsen unless further action is taken.
    (AP, 10/14/11)(AP, 10/15/11)
2011        Oct 14, Tunisian extremists fire-bombed the home of a TV station chief, hours after militants protesting its broadcast of a film they say violated Islamic values clashed with police in the streets of Tunis.
    (AFP, 10/14/11)
2011        Oct 14, In Venezuela activists reported that inmates at Tocuyito prison took more than 50 guards and other prison workers hostage. 25 were released on Oct 23. 15 more were released on Oct 24. Twelve remaining prison employees, mostly women, were released on Oct 25 after authorities vowed to transfer hundreds of prisoners to another facility.
    (AP, 10/24/11)(AP, 10/25/11)
2011        Oct 14, An American drone strike in southern Yemen killed 9 al-Qaida-linked militants, including Egyptian-born Ibrahim al-Banna, the media chief for the group's Yemeni branch, and Abdul-Rahman al-Awlaki (21), the son of a prominent US-born cleric slain in a similar attack last month. On Oct 31 Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula denied the death of its media chief.
    (AP, 10/15/11)(AFP, 10/30/11)
2011        Oct 14, Zambia's new President Michael Sata vowed to beef up anti-corruption laws and to investigate allegations of wrongdoing by the previous government, in his first address to parliament.
    (AFP, 10/14/11)

2011        Oct 15, Thousands of people led by the Rev. Al Sharpton rallied near the Washington Monument, where speakers called for easier job access and decried the gulf between rich and poor before the crowd marched to the new Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial.
    (AP, 10/15/11)
2011        Oct 15, In NYC thousands of demonstrators protesting corporate greed filled Times Square, mixing with gawkers, Broadway showgoers, tourists and police to create a chaotic scene in the midst of Manhattan.
    (AP, 10/16/11)
2011        Oct 15, In Philadelphia apartment landlord Turgut Gozleveli found 4 mentally disabled adults held inside a basement boiler room. Police arrested 3 people for kidnapping, false imprisonment and other charges. Linda Ann Weston (51), Eddie Wright (50) and Gregory Thomas (47) were implicated in a broad scheme to steal disability checks from vulnerable people.
    (SFC, 10/18/11, p.A5)
2011        Oct 15, In eastern Afghanistan militants tried to blast their way into an American base, striking before dawn with rocket-propelled grenades and a car bomb. All four attackers were killed as well as two truck drivers parked nearby. This was the first suicide attack of the war in the province of Panjshir. In the west 5 Afghan soldiers were killed and three others wounded in a Taliban ambush.
    (AP, 10/15/11)(AFP, 10/17/11)(AFP, 10/26/11)
2011        Oct 15, Around 800 people rallied in London's financial heart amid a heavy police presence as part of world protests against corporate greed and budget cutbacks. Protesters began occupying the front of St. Paul’s Cathedral.
    (AFP, 10/15/11)(Econ, 11/5/11, p.67)
2011        Oct 15, British actress Betty Driver (91) died. The much-loved actress had starred  for 42 years on "Coronation Street," Britain's longest-running television soap opera.
    (AFP, 10/16/11)
2011        Oct 15, Flooding in Cambodia was reported to have killed at least 247 people as China began delivering the first of some $7.8 million in flood relief aid.
    (AP, 10/15/11)
2011        Oct 15, China's top Communist Party leaders opened a four-day meeting which will be devoted to the country's "cultural development." Analysts said the meeting is largely to strengthen the party's tight control over the media and the Internet.
    (AFP, 10/15/11)
2011        Oct 15, Egypt’s transitional military rulers issued a decree prohibiting all forms of discrimination including on the basis of religion.
    (SSFC, 10/16/11, p.A4)
2011        Oct 15, Egypt's Gamaa Islamiya, or Islamic Group, posted on its website a notice mourning the death in Afghanistan of Ahmed Abdel Rahman, the son of the "Blind Sheik" now serving a life sentence in the US for his involvement in a plot to blow up NYC landmarks.
    (AP, 10/15/11)
2011        Oct 15, Gabon's opposition leader Pierre Mamboundou (65) died. He had finished third in the 2009 presidential polls.
    (AFP, 10/16/11)
2011        Oct 15, In Hong Kong some 500 people gathered in the heart of the financial district to express their anger at the inequities and excesses of free-market capitalism. Protesters across the Asia-Pacific region joined worldwide demonstrations inspired by the "Occupy Wall Street" and "Indignants" movements. The movement was born on May 15 when a rally in Madrid's central square of Puerta del Sol sparked a protest that spread nationwide, then to other countries.
    (AFP, 10/15/11)
2011        Oct 15, In India the former chief minister of Karnataka, B.S. Yeddyurappa, surrendered to authorities in state capital Bangalore after a judge issued a warrant for his arrest. He faced accusations of taking kickbacks in exchange for illegally selling government land. The former chief minister also faced accusations over an alleged $3.6-billion iron-ore mining fraud.
    (AFP, 10/15/11)
2011        Oct 15, Indian officials said at least 430 people, mainly children, have died from an outbreak of encephalitis in a deeply neglected region of the northern state of Uttar Pradesh.
    (AFP, 10/15/11)
2011        Oct 15, In Italy hooded rioters in Rome hijacked a peaceful protest and smashed bank and store windows, tore up sidewalks and torched vehicles. Damages were estimated to be at least euro1 million ($1.4 million).
    (AP, 10/16/11)
2011        Oct 15, A group of Liberian opposition parties said they are pulling out after a recent presidential poll and threatened to refuse the results over allegations that the electoral commission are skewing the outcome in favor of the president.
    (AP, 10/15/11)
2011        Oct 15, Malawi hosted six heads of state at a meeting of the 19-member Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA).
    (AFP, 12/12/11)
2011        Oct 15, In Mexico a bloody, hours-long fight in a prison in the border city of Matamoros left 20 inmates dead and 12 injured. Soldiers in the border city of Piedras Negras freed 61 men, all migrants being held for ransom by the Zetas drug cartel.
    (AP, 10/16/11)(AP, 10/17/11)
2011        Oct 15, In Nigeria the bodies of community leader Ahmadu Ali Kazaure and Babangida Ibrahim Yusuf (23) were dropped off at a local mortuary in Jos. Soldiers had picked up the men hours earlier over the machete killing of a soldier.
    (AP, 10/17/11)
2011        Oct 15, In northwest Pakistan US missiles killed 6 suspected militants. The drone-fired missiles targeted fighters of Maulvi Nazir, a Pakistani militant commander.
    (SSFC, 10/16/11, p.A4)
2011        Oct 15, In Oman more than 1,300 candidates, including 77 women, sought seats on the 84-member Shura Council, a decade-old body that has no direct authority but advises the ruling sultan. Only a single woman was elected to the nation's top advisory council despite a push by female candidates that followed pro-reform unrest in the Arabian peninsula nation.
    (AP, 10/15/11)(AP, 10/16/11)
2011        Oct 15, Russian opposition activist Sergei Udaltsov, the leader of the Left Front movement was sent back to jail after visiting a hospital where he was denied proper medical attention. Udaltsov was  on the 3rd day of a hunger strike and fell ill in a courtroom where he was appealing a 10-day jail sentence for disobeying police orders.
    (AP, 10/16/11)
2011        Oct 15, Somali government troops and allied militia wrested control of an Islamist Shebab stronghold in the south of the country after reported bombing by military aircraft.
    (AFP, 10/16/11)
2011        Oct 15, Syrian President Bashar al-Assad announced the creation of an ad hoc committee tasked with preparing a new constitution within four months. At least five people were wounded in the central neighborhood of Midan during the funeral of a teenager killed a day earlier. Activist Ziad al-Obeidi was killed in Deir el-Zour.
    (AFP, 10/15/11)(AP, 10/15/11)(AP, 10/16/11)
2011        Oct 15, Thailand PM Yingluck in a radio address called current flooding "the worst in Thai history." The government said the floods, which have killed 297 people, are the worst to hit the Southeast Asian kingdom in half a century.
    (AP, 10/15/11)
2011        Oct 15, In Yemen 17 people, at least five of them civilians, were killed in clashes that erupted between Saleh loyalists, and pro-opposition tribesmen and army units. Security forces in another part of Sanaa killed at least 12 protesters rallying to demand the removal of Saleh from office. Gas exports from the Balhaf terminal on the Gulf of Aden were suspended after a rocket attack blew up a pipeline just to the north.
    (AFP, 10/15/11)(AFP, 10/16/11)

2011        Oct 16, In Washington DC thousands of people spanning all ages and races honored the legacy of the nation's foremost civil rights leader during the formal dedication of the new Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial.
    (AP, 10/17/11)
2011        Oct 16, Elouise Cobell (b.1945), treasurer of the Black Feet tribe, died in Montana. She had tenaciously pursued a lawsuit that accused the federal government of cheating American Indians out of more than a century’s worth of royalties.
    (SFC, 10/18/11, p.A6)
2011        Oct 16, In Nevada British IndyCar driver Dan Wheldon (33) died after a horrific 15-car crash at the Las Vegas Motor Speedway which left the motor sports world in shock.
    (Reuters, 10/17/11)
2011        Oct 16, Houston-based Kinder Morgan agreed to buy El Paso Corp. for $21.1 billion. This will make Kinder the nation’s largest operator of natural gas pipelines.
    (SFC, 10/17/11, p.A5)
2011        Oct 16, Afghan police shot dead three suicide bombers attempting to target mayoral offices in Gardez. A car bomb set up for the attack blew up, killing one worker.
    (AFP, 10/16/11)
2011        Oct 16, Internationally acclaimed Algerian author Boualem Sansal (62) received the annual German Book Trade Peace Prize and said that people everywhere were rising up against dictatorship.
    (AFP, 10/16/11)
2011        Oct 16, Angolan police arrested at least five people during a protest in support of a rapper critical of the government. Some 100 young people protested the disappearance of 5,000 out of the 20,000 copies of Brigadeiro 10 Pacote's new album which were to be sold at a launch. The album calls on President Jose Eduardo Dos Santos, who has been in power since 1979, to step down.
    (AFP, 10/17/11)(AFP, 10/17/11)
2011        Oct 16, Bolivians voted for 56 judgeships on the top 4 tribunals, including the supreme and constitutional courts. Unofficial partial results indicated that most Bolivians cast invalid ballots in what would be a stinging rebuke for President Evo Morales. Only 40.5% of the judicial votes were valid; 41% were spoiled and 18.5% were blank.
    (AP, 10/17/11)(Econ, 1/7/12, p.31)
2011        Oct 16, The Arab League called an emergency meeting in Cairo to discuss whether to suspend Syria. The Arab League said that it would make contact with the Damascus government and a raft of opposition groups with the aim of launching "national dialogue within the seat of the Arab League and under its guidance within 15 days." Security forces opened fire on a funeral for a slain activist in the east. Security forces arrested at least 44 people in the capital's suburbs in house-to-house raids. The Observatory for Human Rights in Syria said 923 people from Homs have been arrested in the past week.
    (AP, 10/16/11)(AFP, 10/17/11)
2011        Oct 16, Several hundred protesters spent the night overnight outside St Paul's Cathedral in London's financial district, as the anti-capitalism demonstration entered its second day.
    (AFP, 10/16/11)
2011        Oct 16, In France Francois Hollande was elected head of the Socialist Party by a margin of 58% to 43% over Martine Aubry.
    (Econ, 10/22/11, p.61)
2011        Oct 16, Guinea’s government announced an increase in the price of diesel and petrol from 7,500 to 9,500 francs ($1.37) per liter, double the price from 10 months ago. An overwhelming majority of the Guinean population lives in poverty despite the country's rich mineral wealth from bauxite, iron and gold.
    (AFP, 10/17/11)
2011        Oct 16, Hong Kong's iconic 1.8km cross-harbor swimming race made its return after a 33-year suspension forced by pollution and heavy traffic on the famous waterway. The tradition dating back to 1906 was halted in 1978 as water quality deteriorated.
    (AFP, 10/16/11)
2011        Oct 16, In Iraq hundreds rallied in the disputed town of Khanaqin to demand the reversal of a central government ruling barring the flag of the autonomous Kurdish region in official buildings.
    (AFP, 10/16/11)
2011        Oct 16, Israel released the names of the first 477 Palestinian prisoners to be exchanged for Staff Sgt. Gilad Schalit.
    (SFC, 10/17/11, p.A4)
2011        Oct 16, Kenyan military forces moved into southern Somalia, a day after top Kenyan defense officials said the country has the right to defend itself after a rash of militant kidnappings of Europeans inside Kenya.
    (AP, 10/16/11)
2011        Oct 16, Kenya police arrested two British men (18), one of Pakistani origin and the other of Somali origin, in the resort town of Lamu on suspicion of trying to join Somali militants. Police said the men would be deported. Mohamed Mohamed Abdallah, of Somali descent, and Iqbal Shahzad, of Pakistani descent were deported to Britain on Oct 26. British authorities arrested them under terrorism laws and then freed them six hours later.
    (AP, 10/18/11)(AFP, 10/20/11)
2011        Oct 16, Libyan fighters were reported looting Moammar Gadhafi's hometown of Sirte, alongside fierce battles to drive out loyalists of the fugitive leader. Two fighters were killed and 70 wounded in fierce fighting.
    (AP, 10/16/11)(AFP, 10/16/11)
2011        Oct 16, Scientists at the Vietnam-based Wellcome Trust Major Overseas Program and the Oxford University Clinical Research units in Kathmandu and Ho Chi Minh City announced they had combined cutting-edge gene sequencing technology with Google Earth to accurately map the spread of typhoid in Kathmandu for the first time.
    (AFP, 10/17/11)
2011        Oct 16, In Nigeria four people died after a blast rocked a police base in the town of Kwami just north of the state capital of Gombe. 3 suspected Boko Haram members entered the Maiduguri home of Borno state Rep. Modu Bintube and shot him in the chest and head with Kalashnikovs.
    (AP, 10/16/11)
2011        Oct 16, In the Philippines Emmanuel Ponce (55), shot his wife, three of his children and their maid with a pistol while having breakfast in Talisay town, Cebu province, and then killed himself. He spared his favorite daughter (14).
    (AP, 10/16/11)
2011        Oct 16, In Yemen 4 demonstrators and two soldiers of the armored division were killed in Sanaa. One protester was killed in Taez when government troops opened fire on demonstrators also calling for Saleh's resignation. 8 more people were killed and 27 wounded in night time street battles in Sanaa between Saleh loyalists and opponents.
    (AFP, 10/16/11)(AFP, 10/18/11)

2011        Oct 17, Lowe's Cos Inc, a home improvement retailer, said it is closing 20 of its US locations, eliminating nearly 2,000 jobs and slashing store-openings to improve profitability.
    (Reuters, 10/17/11)
2011        Oct 17, In northern Afghanistan a suicide bomber targeted a car carrying Sayed Ahmad Sadat the chief of National Directorate of Security (NDS) for Faryab province, wounding six intelligence officials and killing a child. Sadat died of his injuries on Oct 26.
    (AFP, 10/17/11)(AP, 10/26/11)
2011        Oct 17, Austrian officials said an investigation will be launched into claims by 2 women that they and 18 other girls at the Schloss Wilhelminenberg foster home, run by the city of Vienna, were raped in the 1970s. The sisters, now 47 and 49, alleged the abuse began when they were 6 and 8, and ended in their early teens. 343 former foster children who were wards of the city have turned to Weisser Ring, non-governmental victims' organization, with reports of being abused at the Schloss Wilhelminenberg alone since investigations began last year.
    (AP, 10/17/11)(AP, 10/18/11)
2011        Oct 17, British security group G4S agreed to buy Denmark-based facilities company ISS for £5.2 billion, creating the world's largest security and facilities firm.
    (AFP, 10/17/11)
2011        Oct 17, Canadian scientists announced that a contagious and lethal fish virus has been detected for the first time in wild Pacific salmon. The European strain of the virus had only been identified before in farm-raised Atlantic salmon.
    (Reuters, 10/20/11)
2011        Oct 17, In the Central African Republic 2 rebel groups, that signed a cease fire on Oct 8, said they had left the central town of Bria. One of them asked for humanitarian aid for civilians.
    (AFP, 10/18/11)
2011        Oct 17, Chile said it is giving nearly 57,000 18-year-olds one month to report for potential military duty. The government said it needs to fill gaps in its armed forces because a nationwide student protest movement has reduced the number of volunteers it usually gets. Attending a university does not enable young Chileans to avoid the draft.
    (AP, 10/18/11)
2011        Oct 17, In western China Tenzin Wangmo (20), a Tibetan nun, committed self-immolation in a call for religious freedom and the return of the Dalai Lama. She was the 9th Tibetan to commit self-immolation and the first women to kill herself in this way.
    (SFC, 10/18/11, p.A4)
2011        Oct 17, A senior Egyptian Justice Ministry official said that the two sons of ousted President Hosni Mubarak have an estimated $340 million in Swiss bank accounts.
    (AP, 10/17/11)
2011        Oct 17, In Greece strikes halted ferries to the local islands and trash continued to pile in Athens for a 16th straight day as unions fought against austerity measures.
    (SFC, 10/18/11, p.A4)
2011        Oct 17, In Italy Rev. Roy Bourgeois, a US Catholic priest who supports ordination for women, was detained by police after marching to the Vatican to press the Holy See to lift its ban on women priests.
    (AP, 10/17/11)
2011        Oct 17, In Jordan PM Marouf al-Bakhit (64) resigned after a majority of 70 out of 120 parliamentarians called for his ouster. Jordan's King Abdullah II designated Awn al-Khasawneh (61), a well known international judge, as the new prime minister.
    (AP, 10/17/11)
2011        Oct 17, The offices of a Liberian radio station were set ablaze, in the wake of an arson attack on the ruling party headquarters and opposition discontent over poll results.
    (AFP, 10/17/11)
2011        Oct 17, Libyan fighters raised the new government's flag over the desert oasis of Bani Walid and hailed an exodus of regime families from the only other redoubt of Moamer Kadhafi's forces, his hometown Sirte. For a 2nd straight day NATO announced no hits in its air war.
    (AFP, 10/17/11)
2011        Oct 17, Pakistani paramilitary forces raided a militant hideout in the rugged Khyber tribal region near the Afghan border, sparking fighting that killed 9 soldiers and 10 insurgents.
    (AP, 10/17/11)
2011        Oct 17, In the Philippines Rev. Fausto Tentorio (59), an Italian Catholic priest who was about to travel to a clergy meeting, was shot dead in his southern parish. He was the third Pontifical Institute for Foreign Missions missionary to be killed on southern Mindanao Island.
    (AP, 10/17/11)
2011        Oct 17, Somalia's al-Shabab militant group threatened Kenya with suicide attacks, saying Nairobi's skyscrapers would be destroyed and its tourism industry ruined in an ominous warning one day after Kenyan troops poured into Somalia.
    (AP, 10/17/11)
2011        Oct 17, Swaziland's King Mswati III announced a major cabinet reshuffle in a move his critics say is aimed at punishing those who do not toe the line. Amongst those fired was Justice Minister David Matse who refused to fire an independently minded High Court judge, Thomas Masuku, earlier this month.
    (AFP, 10/18/11)
2011        Oct 17, Five Syrian soldiers were killed during clashes with gunmen suspected to be army defectors in the flashpoint central province of Homs. 2 civilians were also killed. UN chief Ban Ki-moon urged President Bashar al-Assad to immediately stop the killings of civilians.
    (AFP, 10/17/11)
2011        Oct 17, Uganda police fired tear gas at protesters in Kampala demonstrating against high food prices and corruption.
    (SFC, 10/18/11, p.A2)
2011        Oct 17, In Yemen one protester was killed and seven wounded when Saleh loyalists opened fire on a demonstration in Taez. A family of five were killed when a rocket hit their home in north Sanaa. At least 18 people were killed on Sanaa in fighting between troops loyal to Pres. Saleh and rival forces.
    (AFP, 10/18/11)(SFC, 10/18/11, p.A2)

2011        Oct 18, The Obama administration on increased US support for Libya's new leaders as Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton made an unannounced visit to Tripoli and pledged millions of dollars in new aid. About 1,000 revolutionary troops launched a major assault on Gadhafi's hometown of Sirte.
    (AP, 10/18/11)
2011        Oct 18, It was reported that US Social Security recipients will get a raise in January, their first increase in benefits since 2009. It's expected to be about 3.5 percent.
    (AP, 10/18/11)
2011        Oct 18, The cash-strapped U.S. Postal Service announced a one-cent increase in the cost of mailing a letter, starting in January.
    (Reuters, 10/18/11)
2011        Oct 18, Kexue Huang (46), a China-born Canadian scientist, pleaded guilty in Indianapolis US District Court to economic espionage and theft for sending trade secrets on a pesticide and a new food product to China and Germany.
    (SFC, 10/19/11, p.A7)
2011        Oct 18, In Ohio sheriff's deputies shot 48 animals, including 18 rare Bengal tigers and 17 lions, after Terry Thompson, owner of the private Muskingum County Animal Farm near Zanesville, threw their cages open and then committed suicide.
    (AP, 10/20/11)
2011        Oct 18, The search for the world's first malaria vaccine received a boost with the release of early results from a major clinical trial showing it cut risk by about half in African children. The vaccine, known as RTS,S, is made by the British pharmaceutical giant GlaxoSmithKline's lab in Belgium. It is the first of its kind to attempt to block a parasite, rather than bacteria or viruses.
    (AFP, 10/19/11)
2011        Oct 18, Angola’s Pres. Jose Eduardo dos Santos, who has been in power for 32 years, denied his country was a dictatorship, but admitted there was a need for more social dialogue after a series of unprecedented anti-government protests.
    (AFP, 10/18/11)
2011        Oct 18, In Botswana 3 French, 3 Swiss and 2 Britons were killed when their Moremi Moremi Air Charters Cessna 208 crashed shortly after take-off from the island of Pom Pom in the Okavango delta in the northern tourist area. 4 passengers survived the crash.
    (AFP, 10/18/11)
2011        Oct 18, British writer Julian Barnes (65) won the Booker Prize for fiction for his novel “The Sense of an Ending, a novel about youth and memory.
    (SFC, 10/19/11, p.E4)(Econ, 4/6/13, p.97)
2011        Oct 18, Chilean students erected fiery blockades in major streets of the capital and clashed with police on the first day of a two-day national strike to demand that the government reform the education system.
    (AP, 10/18/11)
2011        Oct 18, China’s ruling Communist Party, at the close of a four-day annual policy meeting, approved a program to enhance its popularity at home and image abroad at a time when the leadership is struggling with domestic unrest and a delicate succession.
    (AP, 10/18/11)
2011        Oct 18, Tibetan monk Yonten Gyatso, a senior monk and human rights activist in the restive Aba county, southwestern Sichuan province, was arrested. He was sentenced on June 18 by Aba Intermediate People's Court, but his family and the news organization that he contributes to only heard about it on Aug 22. They said he was beaten, tortured and imprisoned after his arrest.
    (AFP, 8/23/12)
2011        Oct 18, Congolese police fired tear gas to disperse opposition supporters demanding free elections as a US think-tank said Kinshasa must take action to ensure the upcoming vote is credible.
    (AFP, 10/20/11)
2011        Oct 18, An Egyptian court ordered blogger Maikel Nabil Sanad, who is serving a three-year sentence for insulting the armed forces, confined to a psychiatric clinic for 45 days after he began a hunger strike.
    (AFP, 10/31/11)
2011        Oct 18, The EU’s top court ruled that scientists cannot patent stem cell techniques that use human embryos for research.
    (SFC, 10/19/11, p.A2)
2011        Oct 18, In Haiti Dr. Paul Farmer said the local cholera outbreak is now the worst in the world with over 6,000 people killed and over 450,000 people sickened.
    (SFC, 10/19/11, p.A2)
2011        Oct 18, Israeli soldier Gilad Schalit emerged from more than five years in Hamas captivity, surrounded by Hamas militants with black face masks and green headbands who handed him over to Egyptian mediators in an exchange for 1,000 Palestinian prisoners.
    (AP, 10/18/11)
2011        Oct 18, A Milan court refused to indict Italian Premier Silvio Berlusconi in a tax fraud case involving his Mediaset media company. The court, however, indicted Berlusconi's eldest son, Pier Silvio Berlusconi, Mediaset chairman Fedele Confalonieri and nine other defendants.
    (AP, 10/18/11)
2011        Oct 18, Jamaica’s PM Bruce Golding (63) announced that Andrew Holness (39), the youthful education minister, has received the unanimous endorsement of ruling party lawmakers to become the Caribbean island's next leader.
    (AP, 10/18/11)
2011        Oct 18, Japan's PM Yoshihiko Noda started a visit to South Korea aimed at smoothing prickly relations, bringing with him a set of historic books seized by his country decades ago.
    (AFP, 10/18/11)
2011        Oct 18, Kuwait’s foreign minister resigned amid allegations of high-level corruption.
    (AP, 10/18/11)
2011        Oct 18, Liberian ex-warlord Prince Johnson, who came third in the presidential polls, announced he would back Nobel peace laureate and incumbent president Ellen Johnson Sirleaf in a run-off election.
    (AFP, 10/18/11)
2011        Oct 18, Madagascar's coup-appointed premier, Brig. Gen. Albert Camille Vitalis, presented a letter of resignation, along with his government, to open the way for a new premier to be chosen by consensus to lead a transitional government that will end the Indian Ocean island's two-year political crisis.
    (AP, 10/18/11)
2011        Oct 18, In Mexico Veracruz police chief Arturo Bermudez said 980 state agents have been dismissed in the past couple of weeks after failing lie detector and other tests. Christian Arturo Hernandez Tarin, the leader a gang known as "the street sweeper," was detained in the central state of Mexico. His gang has been fighting against the local Independent Cartel of Acapulco for control of the coast city since the 2010 arrest of suspected Texas-born drug capo Edgar Valdez Villareal, known as "La Barbie."
    (AP, 10/18/11)
2011        Oct 18, Nigeria's military said it had arrested 50 suspected oil thieves in the past three months and destroyed some 2,000 illicit refineries this year in the oil-producing Niger Delta region.
    (AFP, 10/18/11)
2011        Oct 18, A Nigerian tribal king filed a lawsuit in a US court in Detroit, Michigan, seeking $1 billion from Royal Dutch Shell to compensate for decades of pollution that sickened his people and damaged their lands. The suit was brought on behalf of the people of Ogale in the Eleme local government area, where the UN team found the most serious groundwater contamination and people drinking water laced with cancer-causing benzene at 900 times World Health Organization guidelines.
    (AFP, 10/20/11)
2011        Oct 18, In the Philippines 19 soldiers were killed 13 wounded and 3 left missing in a clash on Basilan island with the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF), the country's largest Muslim guerrilla group.
    (AFP, 10/18/11)(AFP, 10/19/11)
2011        Oct 18, Romania's anti-discrimination council voted 5-2 to caution President Traian Basescu for making discriminatory remarks about Gypsies and disabled people.
    (AP, 10/18/11)
2011        Oct 18, In Somalia a suicide car bomb exploded near the Foreign Ministry, killing at least four people even as Somali and Kenyan leaders met and agreed to cooperate on military action against Islamist insurgents. Kenyan operations were limited to the Lower Juba region.
    (AP, 10/18/11)(AP, 10/19/11)
2011        Oct 18, A Swedish court convicted 23 women and one man of child pornography offenses in what investigators called a unique case because of the number of female perpetrators.
    (AP, 10/18/11)
2011        Oct 18, Syrian army cross-border raids into east Lebanon left 3 dead, including 2 in Qaa and one in Aarsal. The Lebanese government, dominated by the powerful militant group Hezbollah, a strong ally of the Syrian regime, has for the most part stayed mum on the issue.
    (AFP, 10/26/11)
2011        Oct 18, Turkey shelled northern Iraq's autonomous Kurdistan region, in the first report of Turkish bombardment there in more than two weeks. The shelling began the previous evening. A roadside blast killed five policemen and 3 civilians in Turkey's southeast Bitlis province.
    (AFP, 10/18/11)(AP, 10/19/11)
2011        Oct 18, In Yemen 12 protesters were killed and over 70 wounded as gunmen loyal to President Ali Abdullah Saleh opened fire on demonstrators in the Yemeni capital.
    (AFP, 10/18/11)

2011        Oct 19, The Obama administration said it has agreed to delay a $53 million arms sale to Bahrain because of the kingdom’s continuing crackdown on the opposition.
    (SFC, 10/20/11, p.A2)
2011        Oct 19, US Marine Gen. John Allen, the top NATO commander in Afghanistan, said the international coalition has unleashed a new offensive against the Haqqani group, one of the country's most lethal militant networks, and will ramp up operations next year along the Pakistan border to better secure the Afghan capital before the US drawdown gathers steam.
    (AP, 10/19/11)
2011        Oct 19, The US Export-Import Bank signed a deal with Nigeria aimed at providing $1.5 billion in financing for investments in the country's woefully inadequate electricity sector.
    (AFP, 10/19/11)
2011        Oct 19, In Afghanistan ousted lawmaker Simeen Barakzai ended her hunger strike after 18 days and a direct appeal by Subghatullah Mujaddedi, a revered elder who also served as the head of the upper house of parliament and briefly as president in 1992. A roadside bomb killed two NATO service members in the east. 5 Afghan soldiers and an officer were killed by a roadside bomb in Herat province. The first 200 French soldiers left Afghanistan, kickstarting troop withdrawals announced three months ago by Paris.
    (AP, 10/19/11)(AFP, 10/19/11)
2011        Oct 19, Brazil’s most wanted druglord, Alexander Mendes da Silva, was arrested in the Paraguayan city of Pedro Juan Caballero.
    (AP, 10/19/11)
2011        Oct 19, Britain’s Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC) said an energy act, which aims to boost energy efficiency in residential homes, is now law.
    (Reuters, 10/19/11)
2011        Oct 19, British police in riot gear used sledgehammers and crowbars to clear the way for the eviction of Irish Travelers from the Dale Farm site, in fields 30 miles (50 km) east of London, where they have lived illegally for a decade. There are estimated to be between 15,000 and 30,000 Irish Travelers in Britain, where they are recognized as a distinct ethnic minority.
    (AP, 10/19/11)
2011        Oct 19, In Canada Jean Charest, the Liberal premier of Quebec, said he had asked superior court judge France Charbonneau to probe financial ties between construction firms and political parties dating back 15 years.
    (Econ, 10/29/11, p.46)
2011        Oct 19, Violence again hit Chile's capital as small groups of hooded youths clashed with police and marred an otherwise peaceful march by as many as 100,000 students demanding changes in public education.
    (AP, 10/19/11)
2011        Oct 19, Reports from China said many of the 6 million migrant workers employed in a massive railway buildup have not been paid for months, with some 10,000 kilometers (6,200 miles) of projects halted due to a lack of money.
    (AP, 10/19/11)
2011        Oct 19, The German Aerospace Center said its retired ROSAT satellite, the size of a minivan, is hurtling toward the atmosphere and pieces of it could crash into the Earth as early as Oct 21. The 2.69-ton (2.4 metric ton) satellite was launched in 1990 and retired in 1999 after being used for research on black holes and neutron stars and performing the first all-sky survey of X-ray sources with an imaging telescope.
    (AP, 10/19/11)
2011        Oct 19, In Greece new austerity measures won initial parliamentary approval as hundreds of youths smashed and looted stores in central Athens during a massive anti-government rally on the first day of a 48-hour strike against the austerity bill.
    (SFC, 10/20/11, p.A6)
2011        Oct 19, In Indonesia at least three people were killed and more than 90 injured during a pro-independence celebration in the Papuan capital Jayapura. Local TV footage showed paramilitary police shooting into the crowd and beating participants with batons and bare fists.
    (AFP, 1/30/12)
2011        Oct 19, Iran’s governmental newspaper reported that the government has sentenced reformist journalist Abdolreza Tajik to six year in prison after he was convicted of propaganda against the regime.
    (AFP, 10/20/11)
2011        Oct 19, Kenyan jets struck in Somalia in a bid to rid the border area of Islamist rebels blamed for a spate of abductions, including that of a French woman who died in captivity. The foreign ministry in Paris announced the death of Marie Dedieu (66), a wheelchair-bound woman who was snatched from her beach house in the Kenyan resort of Lamu earlier this month and taken to Somalia by her kidnappers. The first attack reportedly saw the death of 73 Shebab. Kenyan deaths included five killed in a helicopter crash. 
    (AFP, 10/19/11)
2011        Oct 19, Kosovo Serb leaders, defying a NATO warning, refused to unconditionally lift their roadblocks in the north of the country. A day earlier the 5,500-strong NATO-led force in Kosovo, known as KFOR, said it will take unspecified "resolute" action if the Serbs fail to lift the blockade.
    (AP, 10/19/11)
2011        Oct 19, Liberia’s ex-warlord Prince Johnson, who came third in presidential polls, demanded 30 percent of Liberia's government from incumbent Ellen Johnson Sirleaf in exchange for his valuable support. Johnson reiterated concerns that a win by the Congress for Democratic Change's Tubman would lead to the implementation of a Truth and Reconciliation Commission report, which could see him tried for war crimes.
    (AFP, 10/19/11)
2011        Oct 19, Libyan revolutionary forces fought building by building against the final pocket of resistance in Sirte, the last major city in Libya to have been under the control of forces loyal to the fugitive leader. 15 fighters were reported killed in a friendly fire incident.
    (AP, 10/19/11)
2011        Oct 19, In northeastern Nigeria suspected Boko Haram sect members killed four people in three separate attacks in Maiduguri.
    (AP, 10/20/11)
2011        Oct 19, Oman published royal decrees that widen the powers of an 84-seat council that previously had only an advisory role. The members of the Shura Council can now take part in proposing laws to Oman's ruler and can also suggest changes in government regulations.
    (AP, 10/20/11)
2011        Oct 19, The Philippine navy apologized to China for accidentally ramming one of its fishing boats a day earlier near the disputed Spratly Islands in the South China Sea.
    (AP, 10/19/11)
2011        Oct 19, Romania's government approved a draft law that permits the building of an anti-ballistic interceptor site in the country as part of a US missile shield.
    (AP, 10/19/11)
2011        Oct 19, Syrian security forces and pro-government gunmen killed at least 10 people in the rebellious province of Homs. Tens of thousands of Syrians demonstrated in Aleppo, a huge show of support for the country's embattled president.
    (AP, 10/19/11)
2011        Oct 19, The UN called on Damascus to end its incursions into Lebanon, which have left three Syrians dead in recent weeks, warning the raids could ignite tensions in the region.
    (AFP, 10/20/11)
2011        Oct 19, Thailand's new premier acknowledged that the country's flood crisis has overwhelmed her government, and she pleaded for mercy from the media and solidarity from the country in battling the relentless waters. The death toll in nationwide flooding reached 317, mostly from drowning, with nearly 9 million people affected and 27 of the country's 77 provinces still inundated. Bangkok's city government urged residents in seven northern districts of the city to move belongings to safe spots, but did not yet call for an evacuation.
    (AP, 10/19/11)
2011        Oct 19, Turkish soldiers, air force bombers and helicopter gunships launched an incursion into northern Iraq, hours after Kurdish rebels killed 24 soldiers and wounded 18 in attacks along the border. The United States and NATO both issued statements supporting the offensive, the largest in more than three years.
    (AP, 10/19/11)(AFP, 10/21/11)

2011        Oct 20, Two small earthquakes hit the San Francisco area, jolting residents on the same day many Californians took part in an annual earthquake preparedness drill. A 3.8 evening quake came nearly six hours after a magnitude 4.0 earthquake hit in the same area.
    (AP, 10/20/11)
2011        Oct 20, Pennsylvania Gov. Tom Corbett signed a state law giving him unprecedented power to force Harrisburg to pay off its staggering debt on a $300 million trash incinerator.
    (SFC, 10/21/11, p.A7)
2011        Oct 20, The Economist Magazine presented its annual Innovation awards. Winners included: Robert Langer of MIT for work on controlled-release drug delivery and tissue engineering; Devi Shetty of India for reducing hospital health care costs; Paul Bucheit in the US for creating Gmail and AdSense; Jeff Bezos of Amazon and Greg Zehr of Lab 126 for creating the Kindle e-book reader; Chetan Maini of Mahindra Reva Electric Vehicles for building  affordable electric cars; Jessica Jackley and matt Flannery, co-founders of Kiva, for pioneering web-based, per-to-peer microlending; Marc Koska of SafePoint Trust, for inventing the K1 auto-disposable syringe; and Amazon.com for corporate use of innovation.
    (Econ, 12/3/11, TQ p.11)
2011        Oct 20, Albanian port authorities said 3 sailors died and five others are missing after their Turkish merchant ship, Reina 1, collided with a passenger ferry and sank in the Adriatic some 20 miles (30 km) from the Albanian port of Durres. No injuries were reported on the ferry Ankara, which had left Durres en route for the Italian port of Bari with about 200 passengers.
    (AP, 10/20/11)
2011        Oct 20, A Brazilian jury convicted three doctors of killing four patients by removing their organs, which prosecutors said were used for transplants at an expensive private clinic. The case took 25 years for a verdict to be handed down. Doctors Rui Sacramento, Pedro Torrecillas and Mariano Fiore Junior were sentenced to 17 years and six months each in prison.
    (AP, 10/21/11)
2011        Oct 20, In London UBS trader Kweku Adoboli (31), who is accused of unauthorized trading which the Swiss bank says has cost it some $2.3 billion, was remanded in custody to appear for a plea and case management hearing next month.
    (Reuters, 10/20/11)
2011        Oct 20, Cameroon's Supreme Court rejected an opposition bid to annul this month's presidential election, paving the way for the results to be published.
    (AFP, 10/20/11)
2011        Oct 20, Chilean students and other protesters interrupted a Senate committee meeting to demand a referendum on how to resolve Chile's social problems, especially education. The protesters then occupied the Senate headquarters and transmitted the situation live over the Internet by webcam.
    (AP, 10/21/11)
2011        Oct 20, China said that it will allow four of its most developed cities and provinces to issue bonds on a trial basis, giving cash-strapped local governments a much-needed funding boost.
    (AFP, 10/20/11)
2011        Oct 20, Heavy rains generated by a low-pressure system hammered Central America for 10 days. Mudslides and swollen rivers killed at least 105 people including 38 in Guatemala, 34 in El Salvador, 15 in Honduras, 13 in Nicaragua and 5 in Costa Rica.
    (AP, 10/20/11)
2011        Oct 20, France said that the Somali kidnappers of Marie Dedieu (66), a disabled Frenchwoman who died after being snatched from her home in Kenya, are demanding a ransom for the return of her body.
    (AFP, 10/20/11)
2011        Oct 20, The Honduras Supreme Court voted 12-3 to reject abuse of authority charges against now-retired Gens. Romeo Vasquez, Luis Prince, Venancio Cervantes, Miguel Garcia, Juan Pablo Rodriguez and Carlos Cuellar. They had been accused of toppling former president Manuel Zelaya and flying him to Costa Rica in 2009.
    (AP, 10/20/11)
2011        Oct 20, Iran reported that 13 divers, part of a team installing an underwater oil pipeline, were inside a pressurized diving chamber when their Koosha-1 ship sank in the Persian Gulf in stormy seas. The 7 Indians, 5 Iranians and one Ukrainian had about 72 hours of oxygen. 8 of the 13 divers were reported dead on Oct 23.
    (AP, 10/22/11)(AP, 10/23/11)
2011        Oct 20, Italian energy giant ENI announced a giant natural gas discovery off the coast of Mozambique, which could be the largest in company's history.
    (AFP, 10/20/11)
2011        Oct 20, Kenya said it intends to push its troops to Somalia's insurgent stronghold of Kismayo and will stay until there are no Islamist insurgents left.
    (AP, 10/20/11)
2011        Oct 20, Kenyan police arrested Imam Hassan Mahat Omar, a Muslim cleric on a UN sanctions list, over his alleged support of an al-Qaida-linked militant group in neighboring Somalia. 9 other people were arrested including 2 doctors who ran a clinic in the predominantly Somali neighborhood of Eastleigh.
    (AP, 10/21/11)
2011        Oct 20, Kosovo's NATO-led peacekeepers confronted crowds of angry Serbs as they tried to remove Serb roadblocks in the volatile north of the country.
    (AP, 10/20/11)
2011        Oct 20, Libya’s National Transition Council said that its fighters found and shot dictator Moammar Gadhafi (69). Sirte finally fell to the rebels today after weeks of tough fighting. NATO  war planes struck a convoy of armed vehicles in the vicinity of Sirte. Gadhafi was in the convoy. Gadhafi was shot in the head after being captured at a sewage culvert on the outskirts of Sirte. The NATO strikes marked the culmination of a NATO-led air war mandated by the UN to protect civilians from Gadhafi's forces. In 2012 Human Rights Watch issued a 50-page report, titled "Death of a Dictator: Bloody Vengeance in Sirte," detailing the last hours of Gadhafi's life.
    (AP, 10/20/11)(AP, 10/21/11)(AP, 10/17/12)
2011        Oct 20, Mauritania's army conducted an air raid to prevent a planned attack by al-Qaida-linked insurgents in a forest just across the border in Mali, where the group has a cell. Ali Ould Sidi Tiyib, a leader for al-Qaida in the Islamic Maghreb, was later reported killed in the raid. He was wanted for his role in an attack against the Israeli Embassy in Mauritania in 2008.
    (AP, 10/20/11)(AP, 10/22/11)
2011        Oct 20, Mexican President Felipe Calderon accused the United States of dumping criminals at the border because it is cheaper than prosecuting them, and said the practice has fueled violence in Mexico's border areas.
    (AP, 10/21/11)
2011        Oct 20, The World Bank said it would lend Nepal up to $400 million to help the impoverished nation move towards peace and stability, five years after the end of its civil war.
    (AFP, 10/20/11)
2011        Oct 20, Nigeria's military arrested 46 suspects and seized a vessel laden with stolen refined petroleum products in the oil-producing Niger Delta.
    (AFP, 10/23/11)
2011        Oct 20, A United Nations envoy said North Korea is estimated to hold up to 200,000 people in political prisons, a sharp increase from a decade ago. South Korea estimates that North Korea holds 154,000 political prisoners in six large camps across the country.
    (AP, 10/20/11)
2011        Oct 20, In Pakistan 4 soldiers and 5 militants were killed in a gunbattle in the Khyber tribal district along the Afghan border. In the evening militants attacked a group of paramilitary soldiers conducting a search operation in the Khyber tribal area, sparking fighting that killed three soldiers and 34 militants.
    (AFP, 10/20/11)(AP, 10/21/11)
2011        Oct 20, A Senegal court sentenced an opposition activist to two years in prison for issuing death threats against the judge who heads the country's Constitutional Council. Malick Seck had attempted to deliver a letter to the home of the chief justice denouncing the council's silence over President Abdoulaye Wade's decision to run for a controversial third term and saying the judge will pay the price.
    (AP, 10/20/11)
2011        Oct 20, Singapore’s PM Lee Hsien Loong vowed a "more open" style of government following two elections this year that showed citizens wanting a greater voice in government.
    (AFP, 10/20/11)
2011        Oct 20, In Somalia pro-government forces supported by foreign troops chased al-Shabab out of Mogadishu’s northernmost neighborhood, Deynile, in a dawn offensive. Al-Qaida-linked militants claimed to have killed 70 foreign African Union peacekeepers but an eyewitness said many of the bodies put on display were likely Somali government soldiers. An AU spokesman the next day said that the insurgents had stolen uniforms and dressed up scores of their own dead. The AU said 10 soldiers were killed, including 6 from Burundi, with two missing after intense fighting with insurgents. A week later it was reported that 51 Burundian soldiers were killed in the clash.
    (AP, 10/20/11)(AP, 10/21/11)(AFP, 10/22/11)(AP, 10/28/11)
2011        Oct 20, South Africa's President Jacob Zuma was at the centre of a row over the millions spent on the renovation of South Africa's government and presidential buildings. A day later backtracked on a slammed lavish upgrade of President Jacob Zuma's official residence, saying the wrong details were supplied to parliament.
    (AFP, 10/20/11)(AFP, 10/21/11)
2011        Oct 20, ETA announced it was ceasing its 43-year-long bloody campaign for an independent Basque state in territory straddling northern Spain and southwest France. But the group stopped short of declaring defeat and called on Spain and France to open talks on the conflict.
    (AP, 10/21/11)
2011        Oct 20, About 10,000 elite Turkish soldiers took part in a ground offensive against Kurdish rebels in southeastern Turkey and across the border in Iraq, making it the nation's largest attack on the insurgents in more than three years.
    (AP, 10/20/11)
2011        Oct 20, Tunisians expatriates began casting their ballots ahead the weekend legislative elections, the country's first free elections.
    (AFP, 10/20/11)
2011        Oct 20, Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez said he is free of cancer after a series of chemotherapy treatments in Cuba.
    (AP, 10/20/11)
2011        Oct 20, Zambia, Africa's biggest copper producer, said it has suspended the renewal and issue of new mining licenses and would undertake an audit of the sector.
    (AFP, 10/20/11)

2011        Oct 21, Pres. Obama signed free trade agreements with Colombia, Panama and South Korea.
    (Econ, 11/12/11, p.49)(http://tinyurl.com/78rfnuz)
2011        Oct 21, US political operative John Haggerty (42) was convicted of cheating NYC Mayor Michael Bloomberg out of some $750,000 of dollars. On Dec 19 Haggerty was sentenced to 1.3 to 4 years in prison.
    (SFC, 10/22/11, p.A6)(SFC, 12/19/11, p.A8)
2011        Oct 21, Leo Earl Sharp  (87) of Indiana was arrested on drug charges near Ann Arbor after police found 228 pounds of cocaine worth an estimated $2.9 million in his pickup following a routine traffic stop. On Oct 24 a US Magistrate in Detroit released Sharp on $10,000 bond and scheduled a next hearing in the case for November.
    (Reuters, 10/24/11)
2011        Oct 21, Missouri Gov. Jay Nixon signed legislation that repealed a law, enacted earlier this year, that had limited online discussions between teachers and students 18 or younger.
    (SFC, 10/22/11, p.A6)
2011        Oct 21, In western Oregon Christopher Ochoa (20), a California member of the US Marine Corps Reserves, was shot and killed after a hunter mistook him for a bear.
    (AP, 10/22/11)
2011        Oct 21, Hertz said it is firing 25 Somali Muslim drivers at Seattle-Tacoma International Airport who have refused to agree to clock out for daily breaks during which they normally pray. 9 of 34 drivers have signed the agreement and returned to their jobs.
    (AP, 10/21/11)
2011        Oct 21, Bolivia’s Pres. Evo Morales said he is abandoning plans to build a highway through a lowlands indigenous reserve after clamor of opposition.
    (SFC, 10/22/11, p.A2)
2011        Oct 21, George Daniels (85), English master watchmaker, died.
    (Econ, 11/19/11, p.106)
2011        Oct 21, In Chile dozens of protesting students voluntarily left the Senate headquarters they had seized to demand a popular referendum on how to resolve Chile's social problems, especially education.
    (AP, 10/21/11)
2011        Oct 21, In China Wang Yue, a 2-year-old girl who was twice run over by vans and then ignored by passers-by on a busy market street on Oct 13, died today, one week after the accident and after days of bitter soul-searching over declining morality in the country. Police soon arrested two drivers suspected of running over a toddler. Hu Jun (24) was charged with causing the wrongful death of the girl.
    (AP, 10/21/11)(AP, 10/23/11)(AFP, 10/24/11)
2011        Oct 21, In southwest Colombia 10 soldiers were reported killed and six wounded in an overnight attack, the deadliest guerrilla attack on security forces in more than a year.
    (AP, 10/21/11)
2011        Oct 21, Finance ministers from 17 eurozone countries agreed to pay Greece $11 billion in its next batch of bailout loans, avoiding a potentially disastrous default.
    (SFC, 10/22/11, p.A5)
2011        Oct 21, Haitian authorities closed the Son of God orphanage where the director was accused by US missionaries of not feeding children and selling donated goods.
    (AP, 10/21/11)
2011        Oct 21, In India the latest in a series of strikes at top car maker Maruti Suzuki came to an end, at a cost of $400 million in lost production and major damage to the group's reputation.
    (AFP, 10/21/11)
2011        Oct 21, In Indonesia gunmen shot dead three people at a strike-hit gold and copper mine in the eastern Papua region, raising the number of killings this month to eight at the troubled Grasberg mine, operated by Freeport McMoRan. The strikers, mostly indigenous Melanesians, say they are the lowest paid Freeport workers in the world, earning between $1.50 and $3.50 an hour.
    (AFP, 10/21/11)
2011        Oct 21, In Italy renowned international law expert Antonio Cassese (b.1937) , died after a long battle with cancer. He had served as first president of the Yugoslav war crimes tribunal and later as president of the Special Tribunal for Lebanon.
    (AP, 10/22/11)
2011        Oct 21, A Lithuanian judge found Michael Campbell (39), an Irish man, guilty of trying to buy weapons and explosives in a six-year sting orchestrated by Britain's domestic spy agency MI5, a case that drew attention to a hardcore Irish Republican Army splinter group's plans to spread terror to London. He was sentenced to 12 years in prison for weapons offenses and supporting a terrorist group.
    (AP, 10/21/11)
2011        Oct 21, In Mexico a helicopter carrying Mexico state Metropolitan Development Secretary Fernando Garcia and his assistant crashed against a wall and on top of some cars in the Coyoacan borough. A secretary and co-pilot were killed.
    (AP, 10/21/11)
2011        Oct 21, A Mexican tractor-trailer crossed into the US for the first time under the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), signed in 1994.
    (SFC, 10/22/11, p.A6)
2011        Oct 21, NATO announced plans to end its 7-month mission in Libya on October 31 but will issue a formal decision next week after consulting the UN and Libya's interim authorities.
    (AFP, 10/22/11)
2011        Oct 21, Niger said the end of the Libyan conflict would allow it to lift restrictions on senior Kadhafi loyalists who sought refuge there, except for deceased leader Moamer Kadhafi's son Saadi.
    (AFP, 10/21/11)
2011        Oct 21, Nigerian ex-militant leader, Mujahid Dokubo-Asari, head of the Niger Delta Peoples Volunteer Force, called Moamer Kadhafi a "martyr" and vowed that his killing would be avenged. Asari claims to have lived in Libya and to have had links with Kadhafi.
    (AFP, 10/21/11)
2011        Oct 21, In the southern Philippines 3 South Korean businessmen went missing. Officials later said they were abducted by unidentified men who lured them with a fake mining investment project. Police launched a search for Wu Seok-bung, Kim Nam-du, Choi In-soo and at least one Filipino guide after they failed to return to their hotel in Cagayan de Oro city. Choi In-soo escaped on Nov 25. Wu Seok-bung and Kim Nam-du were abandoned on Nov 26 as troops moved in. The guide was killed during captivity.
    (AP, 11/7/11)(AP, 11/27/11)
2011        Oct 21, Russia's parliament adopted a law limiting abortions but rejected even tougher restrictions backed by the country's conservative Orthodox Church. The country's birth rate has become a serious concern for Russia as it fights to stem a steep population decline.
    (AP, 10/21/11)
2011        Oct 21, South Africa's ruling party's young wing saluted Libya's slain former leader Moamer Kadhafi calling him an "anti-imperialist martyr" and a fighter against the recolonization of the African continent.
    (AFP, 10/21/11)
2011        Oct 21, Syrian protesters poured into the streets and shouted that President Bashar Assad's regime will be the next to unravel now that ousted Libyan dictator Moammar Gadhafi is dead. Syrian forces fired on protesters Friday, killing up to 14 people.
    (AP, 10/21/11)
2011        Oct 21, In Thailand millions of nervous Bangkok residents were warned to move their belongings to safety as the kingdom's worst floods in decades poured into the outskirts of the sprawling city.
    (AFP, 10/21/11)
2011        Oct 21, A 7.6 earthquake struck off the coast of Tonga, but there were no immediate reports of damage or injuries.
    (SFC, 10/22/11, p.A2)
2011        Oct 21, Turkish jets kept up bombing raids on Kurdish rebel bases in northern Iraq overnight, as the rebels confirmed that some Turkish troops crossed into Iraq. Turkey and Iran vowed to collaborate against the PKK and its Iranian wing, the Party of Free Life of Kurdistan, or PJAK, during a visit by Iranian Foreign Minister Ali Akbar Salehi.
    (AFP, 10/21/11)(AP, 10/22/11)
2011        Oct 21, The UN Security council unanimously passed a resolution that "strongly" condemns the deadly Yemen government attacks on demonstrators and backs a Gulf plan for Pres. Saleh to end his 33 years in power.
    (AP, 10/22/11)

2011        Oct 22, In San Leandro, Ca., motorcyclist George Lopez (51) was run over and killed by the driver of a paratransit van. Eddie Hall (31) was soon charged with intentionally hit Lopez, who was riding with a group of Hells Angels.
    (SFC, 10/25/11, p.C3)(SFC, 10/27/11, p.C3)
2011        Oct 22, Afghan President Hamid Karzai, in an aired interview with private Pakistani television station GEO, said that if the United States and Pakistan ever went to war, his country would back Islamabad.
    (AP, 10/23/11)
2011        Oct 22, Off southwest Australia a great white shark killed an American recreational diver in a third fatality in recent weeks.
    (AP, 10/22/11)
2011        Oct 22, Anti-capitalist protesters set up a second camp in London, as they marked one week of demonstrations outside St Paul's Cathedral, which forced the 300-year-old monument to close a day earlier.
    (AFP, 10/23/11)
2011        Oct 22, In northeast Colombia 10 government soldiers were killed in an attack blamed on leftist rebels, the second such loss in less than three days.
    (AP, 10/23/11)
2011        Oct 22, Egypt's judicial union called on judges to refrain from showing up to court until they receive protection from authorities after what they say are assaults by lawyers. The call came amid increasing tension between judges and lawyers over a bill written by the Judges Club that would toughen penalties on lawyers in cases of contempt of court.
    (AFP, 10/22/11)
2011        Oct 22, Egypt’s MENA state news agency said a Cairo court has sentenced Ayman Mansour to three years in prison for postings on Facebook deemed to be inciting sectarianism and in contempt of Islam.
    (AP, 10/22/11)
2011        Oct 22, France's Socialist Party announced Francois Hollande (57) as its candidate for presidential elections in six months, culminating a weeks-long process of primaries.
    (AP, 10/22/11)
2011        Oct 22, In northeastern India a wooden bridge collapsed in the Darjeeling district as over 150 villages gathered on it to hear speeches by local officials in Bijanbari. At least 31 people were killed.
    (SFC, 10/24/11, p.A2)
2011        Oct 22, Iraq's PM Nouri al-Maliki said that US troops are leaving Iraq after nearly nine years of war because Baghdad rejected American demands that any US military forces to stay would have to be shielded from prosecution or lawsuits. Nearly 40,000 US troops remain in Iraq, all of whom will withdraw by Dec 31. About 160 US troops will remain at the U.S. Embassy in Baghdad to help oversee training plans.
    (AP, 10/22/11)
2011        Oct 22, Jordan’s King Abdullah II urged the World Economic Forum meeting in Amman to create new strategies for the Arab region, insisting political change is needed for economic reforms.
    (AFP, 10/22/11)
2011        Oct 22, NATO-led peacekeepers tried to remove roadblocks in northern Kosovo, but were prevented by Serbs guarding the blockade that has paralyzed travel in the tense region.
    (AP, 10/22/11)
2011        Oct 22, Mexican prosecutors said that a 15-year-old boy, nicknamed El Gallito, has confessed to running a drug trafficking gang on the resort island of Isla Mujeres and murdering two women who reportedly worked as drug dealers. The women's bodies were found before dawn on Oct 20, and El Gallito was detained on Oct 21.
    (AP, 10/22/11)
2011        Oct 22, In Nepal a footbridge over a Trishuli River gorge collapsed as dozens of people were crossing it and three plunged 50 feet (15 meters) to their deaths.
    (AP, 10/22/11)
2011        Oct 22, In Nigeria gunmen shot dead Zakariyya Isa, a reporter with the state-run Nigerian Television Authority (NTA), in the northern city of Maiduguri. The radical Boko Haram sect soon claimed responsibility.
    (AFP, 10/22/11)(AFP, 10/24/11)
2011        Oct 22, Russia’s Foreign Ministry said in a statement it was blacklisting unspecified US officials it claims were involved in the abductions of alleged terrorism suspects, the torture of inmates at Guantanamo prison, the killings of civilians in Afghanistan and Iraq, and the abductions or abuse of Russians in the United States. The action was in response to the US State Department's decision in July to ban entry to dozens of unidentified Russian officials allegedly involved in the death of lawyer Sergei Magnitsky.
    (AP, 10/22/11)
2011        Oct 22, Saudi Crown Prince Sultan bin Abdul Aziz (b.~1928), heir to the Saudi throne, died in the United States. He had been receiving treatment for colon cancer since 2009. The most likely candidate to replace Sultan as King Abdullah's successor is Prince Nayef (78), the powerful interior minister in charge of internal security forces.
    (AFP, 10/22/11)
2011        Oct 22, In South Africa an allegedly drunk driver killed five runners who were training for a marathon. A sixth runner preparing for next month's Soweto Marathon was badly injured in the accident in Johannesburg. South Africa's leading road cyclist, Carla Swart, died after being hit by a truck earlier this year while she was training.
    (AP, 10/23/11)
2011        Oct 22, Turkey’s military said its troops over the last 2 days have killed at least 49 Kurdish rebels in a valley near the Iraqi border, as hundreds of troops also pursued Kurdish fighters within northern Iraq.
    (AP, 10/22/11)
2011        Oct 22, In Yemen at least 20 people died in fierce clashes in Sanaa between President Ali Abdullah Saleh's troops and rival forces, a day after the UN urged the embattled leader to hand over power.
    (AFP, 10/22/11)(AFP, 10/23/11)

2011        Oct 23, Anti-Wall Street demonstrators of the Occupy Chicago movement stood their ground in a downtown park in noisy but peaceful defiance of police orders to clear out, prompting 130 arrests.
    (AP, 10/23/11)
2011        Oct 23, In Georgia Christopher Michael Hodges (26), a Tennessee National Guardsman training at the Fort Gordon military post, shot and killed sheriff's deputy James D. Paugh (47), then committed suicide on the side of the Bobby Jones Expressway.
    (AP, 10/23/11)
2011        Oct 23, In Afghanistan bodyguards for Interior Minister Bismullah Khan Mohammadi shot and killed a would-be suicide bomber who was waiting for the minister's convoy in Sayyed Khel district of Parwan province. NATO said two of its service members were killed in the last 24 hours in separate clashes with insurgents in the south and east of the country. 5 villagers were killed while trying to remove a roadside mine planted by the Taliban in the western province of Herat.
    (AP, 10/23/11)
2011        Oct 23, In Algeria gunmen kidnapped three aid workers, two Spaniards and an Italian, from the Rabuni refugee camp near Tindouf, injuring one of the hostages and a local guard in the late night attack. Security sources in Nouakchott and Bamako later said those responsible belonged to a Sahrawi wing of the north African Al-Qaeda branch, Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Magreb (AQIM). The group later demanded 30 million euros ($39 million) to free the 3 aid workers held in northern Mali. Spaniards Enric Gonyalons and Ainhoa Fernandez del Rincon and Italian Rossella Urru were released on July 18, 2012, in exchange for three Islamists. The Islamist rebel group that freed them claimed that they also received a ransom of €15 million ($18.4 million).
    (AP, 10/23/11)(AFP, 12/5/11)(AFP, 3/3/12)(AP, 7/19/12)(AP, 7/20/12)
2011        Oct 23, Argentina held national elections. President Cristina Fernandez appeared to be headed for a landslide victory over six rivals. Fernandez had 53% of the vote after three-fourths of the polling stations reported nationwide. Her nearest challenger got just 17%.
    (AP, 10/23/11)
2011        Oct 23, In Brazil five employees of the government's Indian affairs agency and two workers for an electric company were released in good condition. They had been held for five days in the Amazon community of Kururuzinho. The Kaiabi opposed the construction of a dam and demand speedier official recognition of their land in Mato Grosso state.
    (AP, 10/25/11)
2011        Oct 23, Bulgaria held elections. Rosen Plevneliev, the candidate of the ruling center-right GERB party, was favored to win in the presidential elections that tested the government's popularity and the EU nation's ability to overcome concerns about vote-buying and corruption. Plevneliev finished first with 40.11%, and Ivailo Kalfin of the opposition Socialist Party second with 28.96%. A run-off was set for Oct 30. The winner will replace incumbent Georgi Parvanov, who was barred by law from seeking a third term in office.
    (AP, 10/23/11)(AP, 10/27/11)
2011        Oct 23, Germany’s retired research ROSAT satellite crashed into Earth at 0150 GMT somewhere in the Bay of Bengal between India and Myanmar.
    (AP, 10/25/11)
2011        Oct 23, In Hong Kong more than 1000 protesters, including pregnant women, marched to oppose the growing number of mainland Chinese women coming to the city to give birth. Women from mainland China are keen to have babies in Hong Kong because it entitles their child to rights of abode and education.
    (AFP, 10/23/11)
2011        Oct 23, Kenya warplanes targeted the Shebab-held Somali port city of Kismayo as troops advanced on the insurgents. The US warned of an imminent threat of attack on foreigners in Kenya.
    (AFP, 10/23/11)
2011        Oct 23, Libya’s National Transitional Council (NTC) declared liberation in the wake of Kadhafi's capture and death. It said the new Libya will be governed in line with Islamic sharia law, but stressed it would remain a "moderate" Muslim country.
    (AFP, 10/24/11)
2011        Oct 23, In Malaysia Italian rider Marco Simoncelli (24) died after crashing and being hit by two other riders at the Sepang MotoGP motorcycle race. This raised the number of recorded deaths in MotoGP to 47 since it was founded in 1949.
    (AP, 10/23/11)
2011        Oct 23, The Mexico army arrested 10 people  and confiscated 10 cars or SUVs that were being bulletproofed for drug gangs, as well as six other vehicles in a warehouse in the northern state of Sinaloa.
    (AP, 10/25/11)
2011        Oct 23, In Mexico two Americans died in the crash of a small plane in the city of Angela R. Cabada, Veracruz state.
    (AP, 10/24/11)
2011        Oct 23, In central Pakistan Mohammad Afzal (19) shot dead his parents and six siblings because his father, a poor donkey cart owner, could not feed the family.
    (AFP, 10/23/11)
2011        Oct 23, In Somalia a suicide bomber blew himself up in Mogadishu, wounding two AU peacekeepers.
    (AP, 10/23/11)
2011        Oct 23, In South Africa Kirsty Theologo (18) was doused in petrol and burned alive by her friends in a Johannesburg park, in what police suspect was a satanic ritual. Two men aged 19 and 21 who took part in the incident turned themselves in. Theologo suffered burns over three quarters of her body, damaging her lungs and throat, and remained in a coma. Theologo died on Oct 28. A 2nd girl (16) survived her burns.
    (AFP, 10/24/11)(AP, 10/28/11)
2011        Oct 23, Switzerland held national elections. Citizens were poised to hand nationalists an unprecedented 30 percent voice, following voting dominated by concerns about immigration, nuclear power and the economy.
    (AP, 10/23/11)
2011        Oct 23, Syrian security forces moved into villages where residents have been on strike and shot 2 people dead in the village of Qalaat al-Madeeq, Hama province. Pres. Assad named Yasser al-Shoufi, a former police general, as governor of the northwestern province of Idlib.
    (AP, 10/23/11)
2011        Oct 23, In southern Thailand at least seven people were killed in back-to-back shooting and bomb attacks in a town in Narathiwat province.
    (AFP, 10/25/11)
2011        Oct 23, Tunisia held its first truly free elections since independence in 1956. Voters elected a 217-seat constituent assembly that would shape their fledgling democracy, choose a new government and write a new constitution that would pave the way for future elections. The moderate Islamist party Ennahda, led by Rached Ghannouchi (b.1941), claimed the biggest block of votes. Ennahda (Renaissance), banned for decades, emerged the official victor taking 41.47% of the vote and 89 of 217 seats in the new assembly.
    (AP, 10/23/11)(AP, 10/24/11)(AFP, 10/25/11)(AP, 10/27/11)(AP, 11/14/11)
2011        Oct 23, A powerful 7.2-magnitude earthquake struck eastern Turkey, collapsing about 45 buildings. It was estimated that up to 1,000 people could have been killed. The worst damage was caused to the town of Ercis, in the mountainous eastern province of Van where 80 multi-story buildings collapsed with people trapped in 40 of them. By Nov 4 the death toll reached 603 with some 2500 injured and thousands homeless.
    (AP, 10/23/11)(AP, 10/24/11)(AP, 11/4/11)
2011        Oct 23, Pope Benedict XVI named 3 new saints for the Catholic Church during a Mass in St. Peter's Square that was disrupted by a man who climbed out onto the upper colonnade of the square and burned a bible. Named were 3 19th-century founders of religious orders: Italian bishop and missionary Monsignor Guido Maria Conforti, Spanish nun Sister Bonifacia Rodriguez de Castro and Rev. Luigi Guanella an Italian priest who worked with the poor.
    (AP, 10/23/11)

2011        Oct 24, President Barack Obama, speaking in Las Vegas, offered mortgage relief to hundreds of thousands of Americans, his latest attempt to ease the economic and political fallout of a housing crisis that has bedeviled him as he seeks a second term.
    (AP, 10/24/11)
2011        Oct 24, US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton pledged another $100 million in food aid to drought-hit East Africa amid warnings that millions of people face starvation for drought-affected areas in Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia.
    (AFP, 10/24/11)
2011        Oct 24, A federal judge temporarily blocked Florida's new law that requires welfare applicants to pass a drug test before receiving benefits, saying it may violate the Constitution's ban on unreasonable searches and seizures.
    (AP, 10/24/11)
2011        Oct 24, John McCarthy (b.1927), computer science pioneer, died at his home on the Stanford campus. He coined the term AI and organized the first conference on artificial intelligence while teaching at Dartmouth. In 1958 at MIT he invented the List Processing Language (LISP), still the language of choice for AI researchers.
    (SFC, 10/29/11, p.C5)(Econ, 11/5/11, p.114)
2011        Oct 24, Hundreds of Afghans took to the streets in Kabul, shouting "death to America" in an angry protest urging the government not to sign a strategic partnership with the US. The US coalition said tens of thousands of Afghan and NATO troops killed or captured 200 insurgents in eastern Afghanistan during two operations targeting the Haqqani network.
    (AFP, 10/24/11)(SFC, 10/25/11, p.A2)
2011        Oct 24, The British government won a House of Commons vote by 483 votes to 111 due to support from the Liberal Democrats as 79 Tory MPs voted in favor of a referendum on Britain's relationship with Europe. The Tory eurosceptic wing ignored PM Cameron's plea that it was the wrong time for a referendum because of the debt crisis engulfing the eurozone.
    (AFP, 10/25/11)
2011        Oct 24, In Denmark fashion icon Margit Brandt (66) died. Her simple cuts and 1960s miniskirts marked one of the first international breakthroughs for Danish designs.
    (AP, 10/24/11)
2011        Oct 24, Thousands of Egyptian police launched a nationwide strike to demand better salaries and a purge of former regime officials from senior security posts.
    (AP, 10/24/11)
2011        Oct 24, A French military spokesman said France would soon help supply Kenyan troops fighting al-Qaida-linked militants.
    (AP, 10/24/11)
2011        Oct 24, A Guatemalan court sentenced two women to 16 and 21 years in prison for trafficking a stolen baby who was given for adoption to a US family. The girl, Anyeli Liseth Hernandez Rodriguez was born Oct. 1, 2004, and disappeared Nov. 3, 2006.
    (AP, 10/25/11)
2011        Oct 24, In Iran a man convicted of drug trafficking was hanged in Ardebil. Another convicted of killing a police officer was hanged in Jam. The hanging brought to 233 the number of executions in Iran so far this year, according to an AFP tally.
    (AFP, 10/24/11)
2011        Oct 24, In Iraq two separate attacks against traffic policemen left five people dead in Baghdad.
    (AP, 10/24/11)
2011        Oct 24, Ireland's U2 were named as the greatest rock band of the past quarter of a century by readers of music magazine Q. Chart-topping act Adele was a double winner at the event, landing the prizes for best female and best track for her hit Rolling In The Deep.
    (AFP, 10/24/11)
2011        Oct 24, Jordan's King Abdullah II swore in a new 30-strong cabinet led by PM Awn Khasawneh, an international judge tasked with bringing in political reform.
    (AFP, 10/24/11)
2011        Oct 24, In Kenya one person was killed and 29 were wounded in two grenade attacks in Nairobi. Police the next day arrested a suspect with 13 grenades and six guns. On Oct 26 suspect Elgiva Bwire Oliacha (28) said he is a member of the al-Qaida-linked Somali militant group al-Shabab. Oliacha had supplied the grenades to Felix Otuko. On Oct 28 Oliacha was sentenced to life in prison. Felix Otuko, suspected of carrying out the two grenade attacks, was killed in a standoff with police on May 18, 2013.
    (AP, 10/26/11)(AP, 10/28/11)(AP, 5/19/13)
2011        Oct 24, Libya’s interim leader Mustafa Abdel Jalil set a two-week target for Libya to have a new government and said a commission of inquiry is being formed to probe Moamer Kadhafi's killing. Human Right Watch urged the NTC to probe the killing of 53 people whose decaying bodies were found in Sirte, where the pro-Kadhafi camp put up its final stand.
    (AFP, 10/24/11)
2011        Oct 24, Mexican federal police detained two US men for attempting to fly out of Mexico with $950,000 in undeclared cash in a suitcase.
    (AP, 10/27/11)
2011        Oct 24, In northern Nigeria gunmen shot dead a policeman at his home in an apparent targeted killing in Damaturu, Yobe state.
    (AFP, 10/25/11)
2011        Oct 24, In Pakistan Raja Khan (34), a jobless father of two, set himself alight in a suicide bid outside parliament and was rushed to hospital with serious injuries.
    (AFP, 10/24/11)
2011        Oct 24, In Portugal an overnight storm tore part of the roof off Faro airport in the southern Algarve region, injuring five people and disrupting flights.
    (AP, 10/24/11)
2011        Oct 24, South Africa's President Jacob Zuma said the national police chief has been suspended and a Cabinet minister fired after the two were caught up in a police headquarters leasing scandal.
    (AP, 10/24/11)
2011        Oct 24, Syrian security forces killed four people in Homs, while government troops clashed with gunmen believed to be defectors from the military. The US pulled its ambassador, Robert Ford, out of Syria, saying threats against him make it no longer safe for him to remain.
    (AP, 10/24/11)
2011        Oct 24, The Vatican called for an overhaul of the world’s financial systems and again proposed the establishment of a supranational authority to oversee the global economy in a report issued by the Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace.
    (SFC, 10/25/11, p.A5)
2011        Oct 24, In Yemen representatives from Pres. Saleh's ruling General People's Congress met with Gulf and European diplomats in Sanaa to discuss a framework for implementing the GCC initiative. Representatives of Saleh said he would agree to the transition plan provided he remain in power until early elections are held. The opposition rejected the latest proposals.
    (AFP, 10/25/11)

2011        Oct 25, The White House said Pres. Obama is taking steps to ease the burden of student loans, potentially helping millions of cash-strapped college graduates in a tough economy. The White House also announced new initiatives urging Community Health Centers to hire 8,000 veterans, approximately one veteran per health center, in the next three years and expand opportunities for veterans to become physician assistants.
    (Reuters, 10/26/11)(ABC, 10/26/11)
2011        Oct 25, In Oakland, Ca., police fired tear gas into a crowd of over 100 Occupy Oakland protesters who had marched to City Hall to reclaim the camp they’d been evicted from early in the day. 97 people were arrested in the early morning raid. Scott Olsen (24), an Iraq war veteran, suffered a skull fracture from a police projectile. In 2014 Oakland agreed to pay Olsen $4.5 million to settle a federal lawsuit.
    (ABC, 10/26/11)(SFC, 11/14/11, p.A9)(http://tinyurl.com/3l4pvay)(SFC, 3/22/14, p.A1)
2011        Oct 25, In San Francisco Democratic Assemblywoman Mary Hayashi (45) of Castro Valley was stopped by a security detail at Nieman Marcus after she left the store with unpaid items worth $2450.
    (SFC, 10/29/11, p.A1)
2011        Oct 25, In Florida Joel Esquenazi (52), the former boss of Terra Telecommunications Corp., was sentenced to 15 years in jail for paying over $890,000 in bribes to Haiti’s national telephone company (2001-2005). He and executive Carlos Rodriguez (55) were convicted on Aug 4. Rodriguez was sentenced to 7 years.
    (Econ, 11/5/11, p.72)(http://tinyurl.com/7tdxara)
2011        Oct 25, A US federal judge blocked part of North Carolina’s new abortion law ruling that providers do not have to place an ultrasound image next to a pregnant woman so she can view it, nor do they have to describe features and offer a chance to listen to the heartbeat.
    (SFC, 10/26/11, p.A5)
2011        Oct 25, IBM said Virginia Rometty (54) will succeed Sam Palmisano as chief executive officer effective Jan 1. Rometty, currently head of sales and marketing, will become IBM’s first female chief.
    (SFC, 10/26/11, p.D3)
2011        Oct 25, In Afghanistan a bomb hidden inside a fuel truck in Parwan province exploded, killing at least five people. Local residents claimed more than 10 people were killed.
    (AP, 10/26/11)
2011        Oct 25, Lawyers in Algeria began a 3-day strike to protest proposed changes in the organization of the profession which they say will limit their independence and powers in court.
    (AFP, 10/25/11)
2011        Oct 25, China’s state media reported that China will replace popular television entertainment with so-called "healthy" programming, reflecting regulators' latest move to tighten media control.
    (AFP, 10/25/11)
2011        Oct 25, In China another monk set himself ablaze outside a Tibetan monastery in southwestern Sichuan province's Ganzi prefecture. This was the 10th self-immolation this year protesting against Chinese rule over the Himalayan region. London-based Free Tibet group said it was unable to confirm the monk's age or name and was unsure of his condition.
    (AP, 10/26/11)
2011        Oct 25, Amnesty International said police in the Dominican Republic have been responsible for an alarming number of killings and torture over a five-year period.
    (AP, 10/25/11)
2011        Oct 25, India's central bank announced the deregulation of interest rates on savings bank deposits, in a landmark decision seen as a key financial sector reform.
    (AFP, 10/25/11)
2011        Oct 25, In India Sushil Kumar, a poor government clerk, became the first person to win $1 million in an Indian game show in India’s version of “Who Wants to Be a Millionaire."
    (SFC, 10/28/11, p.A6)
2011        Oct 25, In Iraq a roadside bomb killed a traffic policemen in Baghdad, on the second morning in a row in which traffic patrols appear to have been targeted by insurgents. Armed men in a night attack killed Ali al-Massudi, the Shiite mayor of the Iskandiriyah sub-district.
    (AP, 10/25/11)(AFP, 10/26/11)
2011        Oct 25, In Ireland 2 people died and hundreds were stranded in northern and eastern Ireland after torrential rain closed roads and rail lines, left shops and homes under water. Dublin was put on an emergency footing.
    (Reuters, 10/25/11)
2011        Oct 25, Japanese officials said computers in the parliament have been found to be infected with a virus.
    (SFC, 10/26/11, p.A4)
2011        Oct 25, In Libya Moammar Gadhafi was buried in secrecy and anonymity, laid to rest in an unmarked grave before dawn in the Libyan desert that was home to his Bedouin tribal ancestors. A Human Rights Watch team saw trucks drive out of Tawergha with furniture and carpets that had apparently been looted, and that Misrata fighters who claimed to be guarding the town did not intervene.
    (AP, 10/25/11)(AP, 10/29/11)
2011        Oct 25, Malawi’s Anti-Corruption Bureau said Richard Kapinga (42), a government accounts officer earning about $300 a month, has been arrested after authorities found $2.4 million in his bank accounts.
    (AFP, 10/25/11)
2011        Oct 25, Mexican authorities said federal police in Acapulco caught a young woman, Damaris Gomez (19), and a young man (21) as they were getting off a car near a shopping mall with an ice chest containing a decapitated head and other human remains. Police in Ciudad Juarez found the dismembered bodies of four men in bits scattered around the city.
    (AP, 10/25/11)
2011        Oct 25, The Mexican navy arrested Carlos "The Bam Bam" Pitalua, the alleged local chief of the Zetas drug cartel in the Gulf coast port of Veracruz. The navy said he is tied to the dumping of eight bodies in a rural town a week ago. Mexican marines also captured alleged Zetas "accountant" Carmen del Consuelo Saenz (29) in Veracruz, along 10 other alleged Zetas members.
    (AP, 10/26/11)(AP, 10/27/11)
2011        Oct 25, Nigeria’s anti-graft agency said a court has jailed 7 Nigerians and 2 Ghanaians for dealing in illegal petroleum products.
    (AFP, 10/25/11)
2011        Oct 25, In northwest Pakistan a roadside bomb targeted an anti-Taliban militia member, ripping through his vehicle and killing four people in Lower Dir.
    (AFP, 10/25/11)
2011        Oct 25, In northern Somalia gunmen kidnapped a female American aid worker (32) and a Danish man (60), working for the Danish Demining Group. Their Somali colleague was placed under police custody.
    (AP, 10/25/11)(AP, 10/26/11)
2011        Oct 25, South Africa threw its weight behind Palestine's bid to become a full member of the United Nations and called on the international body to settle the bid quickly.
    (AFP, 10/25/11)
2011        Oct 25, South Africa’s Finance Minister, Pravin Gordhan, said South Africa will launch a $3.2 billion package to boost the economy, as he revised the 2011 growth forecast for the country down to 3.1 percent.
    (AFP, 10/25/11)
2011        Oct 25, Human Rights Watch said Sudan has condemned more than 300 Eritreans asylum seekers to "certain detention and abuse" by deporting them back to Eritrea, one of the "most brutal" countries in the world. Last week Sudan handed more than 300 Eritreans to the neighboring country's military without screening them for refugee status.
    (AFP, 10/25/11)
2011        Oct 25, In Geneva US and North Korean officials concluded their two-day talks about Pyongyang's nuclear program. Top US envoy Stephen Bosworth expressed confidence about the prospects of restarting long-stalled nuclear negotiations after two days of "very positive" talks with North Korea.
    (AFP, 10/25/11)
2011        Oct 25, Bangkok's second airport shut down as floodwaters advanced into the Thai capital, forcing authorities in "crisis mode" to declare a five-day public holiday in preparation for the deluge.
    (AFP, 10/25/11)
2011        Oct 25, In southern Thailand a series of explosives planted by suspected Muslim rebels ripped through Yala town, killing at least 3 people and wounding dozens more.
    (AFP, 10/25/11)(SFC, 10/26/11, p.A2)
2011        Oct 25, In Turkey crowds of Kurds pelted journalists and police with stones in the quake-hit city of Van as their anger at the media's coverage of the disaster boiled over. The stoning of the reporters in the eponymous provincial capital, which left several people injured, was brought to a halt only after police used pepper-spray.
    (AFP, 10/26/11)
2011        Oct 25, The UAR said a ship carrying 450 tons of diesel fuel sank off the coast of Umm al-Quwain emirate.
    (SFC, 10/26/11, p.A2)
2011        Oct 25, In Yemen 5 civilians were killed in clashes and protests Sanaa and Taez, as calls mounted for President Ali Abdullah Saleh to step down. A Yemeni military cargo plane crashed while landing at a base in the southern province of Lahej killing at least four of 15 people on board. President Saleh informed US Ambassador Gerald Feierstein that he would sign a deal to step down and spoke of a new cease-fire, but clashes on the streets threw that into doubt. Activists said seven protesters were killed and 10 wounded.
    (AFP, 10/25/11)(AP, 10/25/11)

2011        Oct 26, US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton in an interview to BBC Farsi said that in the next two months, the United States would open a "virtual embassy": an online site that would respond to questions about US visa and study options, and that would address the Iranian population directly.
    (AFP, 10/27/11)
2011        Oct 26, The US government gave BP approval to drill at its Kaskida field, some 192 miles of the Louisiana coast. This would be BP’s first deep-water operation since the Deepwater Horizon Macondo well blowout on April 20, 2010.
    (SFC, 10/27/11, p.A8)
2011        Oct 26, Rajat Gupta, former head of the McKinsey consultancy, was charged with 5 counts of security fraud and one count of conspiracy. His case was related to the insider trading trial of hedge fund founder Raj Rajaratnam, who was convicted on May 11.
    (Econ, 10/29/11, p.86)
2011        Oct 26, In Oakland, Ca., anti-Wall Street protesters held a late-night march through the streets, a day after one demonstrator, an Iraq War veteran, was left in critical condition with a fractured skull following a clash with police.
    (AP, 10/27/11)
2011        Oct 26, In Atlanta, Georgia, helicopters hovered overhead as officers in riot gear arrested more than 50 Occupy Atlanta protesters at a downtown park.
    (AP, 10/29/11)
2011        Oct 26, The X Prize Foundation offered a $10 million prize to the first team to sequence  the genomes of 100 centenarians. The contest will begin in January 2013 and last for 30 days.
    (Econ, 10/29/11, p.95)
2011        Oct 26, In Afghanistan at least 10 people were killed and two dozen wounded when a fuel truck supplying the Bagram NATO base erupted in flames after being bombed in Parwan province. In eastern Afghanistan a NATO service member died in an insurgent attack, raising the number killed so far this year to 479.
    (AFP, 10/26/11)(AP, 10/26/11)
2011        Oct 26, In Argentina a court sentenced Alfredo Astiz (59), a former navy spy known as "the Angel of Death," and 11 other former Argentine military and police officers to life in prison for crimes against humanity committed during the 1976-83 military dictatorship.
    (AP, 10/26/11)
2011        Oct 26, Chinese Vice Premier Le Keqiang met with South Korea's President Lee Myung-bak during a two-day trip to Seoul. South Korea's central bank said it has agreed with its Chinese counterpart to expand their currency swap deal as a backstop against global economic turmoil.
    (AP, 10/26/11)
2011        Oct 26, In China a group of children's clothing company owners protesting in the town of Zhili in Zhejiang province swelled to more than 600 people. Hundreds of migrant small business owners have protested over a tax dispute, some of them torching vehicles.
    (AP, 10/27/11)
2011        Oct 26, Europe sealed a last-ditch deal to fix its festering debt crisis by shoring up its bailout fund, pledging new funds for Greece and pushing banks to share the pain at a summit vital to the health of the global economy. Greece was provided with a second bailout package worth €130 billion ($184 billion) to stave off bankruptcy.
    (AFP, 10/27/11)(AP, 10/28/11)
2011        Oct 26, In Iraq bomb and gun attacks killed 8 people, including four soldiers and two family members of a Shiite cleric, and wounded 29 others.
    (AFP, 10/26/11)
2011        Oct 26, Talks between envoys of the international peacemaking Quartet and Israeli and Palestinian officials in Jerusalem ended with a pledge to introduce "comprehensive proposals" but no deal on new peace talks.
    (AFP, 10/27/11)
2011        Oct 26, Jordan’s King Abdullah II said he will give lawmakers a say in appointing the Cabinet, beginning next year. The change will allow the 120-seat parliament to choose a prime minister, whom the king can either appoint or veto.
    (SFC, 10/27/11, p.A2)
2011        Oct 26, A Jordanian man (46) was sentenced to death for raping and impregnating his daughter then cutting her open to remove the fetus and letting her bleed to death. The man had been charged with the murder of the 19-year-old in May 2010 and confessed to having had sex with his daughter for five years.
    (AFP, 10/28/11)
2011        Oct 26, Libya's interim leader Mustafa Abdel Jalil urged NATO to continue its Libya campaign until year's end, saying loyalists of slain despot Moamer Kadhafi still pose a threat to the country. NATO unexpectedly postponed a definite decision to end its bombing campaign.
    (AFP, 10/26/11)(SFC, 10/27/11, p.A4)
2011        Oct 26, Abdullah al-Senoussi, Moammar Gadhafi's former intelligence chief, entered Mali late at night, after making his way across Niger where he has been hiding for several days in the country's northern desert. Gadhafi's hunted son, Seif al-Islam, was also reported on his way to Mali, traveling across the invisible line separating Algeria from Niger.
    (AP, 10/27/11)
2011        Oct 26, Marcel Ceccaldi, a French lawyer representing the family of Moamer Kadhafi said he plans to file a war crimes complaint against NATO with the International Criminal Court (ICC) for the alliance's alleged role in his death.
    (AFP, 10/26/11)
2011        Oct 26, Mexico's National Public Safety System announced that almost one-third of 63,436 low-ranking Mexican police officers tested so far have failed background and security checks. Prosecutors announced the arrest last week of Adrian Ramirez, alias "The Mushroom," the alleged leader of the Cartel del Centro. 2 more suspects in the Aug. 25 attack on the Casino Royale were detained in Monterrey.
    (AP, 10/26/11)
2011        Oct 26, More than 700 Mozambican civil war veterans and their families gathered in Maputo during a 2nd day of protests to demand pensions from the government. None of the 70,000 fighters from the 16-year civil war between the Frelimo government forces and Renamo rebel group currently receive pensions, while veterans from the country's liberation war against colonial power Portugal do get money from the state.
    (AFP, 10/26/11)
2011        Oct 26, In the Philippines a building-sized edifice carved with the Bible's Ten Commandments was unveiled on a hill overlooking the northern resort city of Baguio, making it the largest tablet of its kind, according to Guinness World Records.
    (AFP, 10/26/11)
2011        Oct 26, Russian newspaper journalist Igor Karmazin, working on a report about the opposition in Belarus, said he was deported overnight from the authoritarian ex-Soviet nation by the secret police. Lukashenko said that his government has learned the lessons of the Arab Spring uprisings and knows how to deal with protests organized through social networks.
    (AP, 10/26/11)
2011        Oct 26, In Syria an Arab League team held talks with President Assad at the start of a bid to mediate with the opposition. Activists said at least 15 people were killed in military operations including 12 in Homs. Tens of thousands of Assad supporters rallied in Damascus.
    (AFP, 10/26/11)(SFC, 10/27/11, p.A4)
2011        Oct 26, Tunisia's Islamist Ennahda party vowed to form a new government within a month as early results gave it a commanding lead in the Arab Spring's first free election.
    (AFP, 10/26/11)
2011        Oct 26, UN and industry officials said 8 drug makers have agreed to create a UN-administered pool of patented information and other data to spur new research into 21 tropical diseases and ailments.
    (AP, 10/26/11)
2011        Oct 26, A high-end jewelry manufacturer in the US Virgin Islands was ordered to forfeit thousands of pounds (kg) of protected black coral and pay a $1.8 million fine for trading in it. Gem Manufacturing Inc. pleaded guilty to seven counts of violating the Endangered Species Act and the Lacey Act.
    (AP, 10/26/11)
2011        Oct 26, Hundreds of Yemeni women set fire to traditional female veils to protest the government's brutal crackdown against the country's popular uprising, as overnight clashes in the capital and another city killed 25 people. The act of women burning their clothing is a symbolic Bedouin tribal gesture signifying an appeal for help to tribesmen.
    (AP, 10/26/11)

2011        Oct 27, The US Treasury Department announced it is imposing sanctions on Martin Guadencio Avendano (42), the owner of a Mexican racetrack and car dealership, along with his two brothers, for alleged involvement with the Sinaloa drug cartel.
    (AP, 10/27/11)
2011        Oct 27, In Illinois John L. Wilson, Jr (38), stabbed Kelli O’Laughlin (14), and fled with a bowl of foreign coins, the girl’s Ipod Touch, and her cell phone. She had walked in on Wilson, who had broken into her family’s home in Indian Head Park, Cook County. Wilson’s arrest was announced on Nov 4.
    (ABCNews, 11/4/11)
2011        Oct 27, In Indiana 7 of 10 people in a minivan full of relatives were killed when their vehicle hit a deer and then was slammed from behind by a semitrailer about 10 miles east of South Bend. Burials were planned in their home country of Ecuador.
    (SFC, 10/29/11, p.A5)(SSFC, 10/30/11, p.A11)
2011        Oct 27, In Oakland, Ca., Occupy Oakland protesters moved to reclaim the Frank Ogawa Plaza outside City Hall following the police raid on Oct 25.
    (SFC, 10/28/11, p.A15)
2011        Oct 27, Levy Izhak Rosenbaum of New York admitted in federal court in Trenton, NJ, that he had brokered 3 illegal kidney transplants for New Jersey customers in exchange for payments of $120,000 or more. Experts said this was the first US case of black-market organ trafficking in the US.
    (SFC, 10/28/11, p.A9)
2011        Oct 27, In Oregon the last ton of mustard gas at Umatilla was incinerated leaving the US with just 3 of 9 original chemical weapons storage sites, the last of which is scheduled for full disposal by 2023.
    (SFC, 10/28/11, p.A12)
2011        Oct 27, In Afghanistan insurgents attacked a US-run civilian and military base with rocket-propelled grenades and guns in a brazen early afternoon assault in Kandahar city. Two attackers were killed. Earlier in the day, a 13-year-old girl died from injuries sustained after her family's home was struck by an insurgent's missile in Kandahar province's Zhari district. A suicide attacker in a car struck a NATO convoy. At least one civilian was killed in the blast in Kandahar’s Panjwai district. An Afghan policeman was killed when his vehicle hit a roadside bomb in Farah province.
    (AP, 10/27/11)
2011        Oct 27, In Brazil Indian rights activists said hundreds of people have peacefully occupied the construction site of the $11 billion Belo Monte hydroelectric dam in Para state.
    (AP, 10/27/11)
2011        Oct 27, China’s state media said hundreds of angry home buyers have launched a series of protests in the commercial hub of Shanghai this week, as owners decried falling prices for their properties.
    (AFP, 10/27/11)
2011        Oct 27, In Egypt Ilan Grapel (27), an Israeli held by Egypt since June 12 on espionage charges, was freed in exchange for 25 Egyptian citizens, mostly Bedouin residents of Sinai charged with smuggling.
    (SFC, 10/28/11, p.A4)
2011        Oct 27, Five Arab Spring activists won the European parliament's Sakharov prize awarded to campaigners for freedom. They include Mohamed Bouazizi of Tunisia, awarded posthumously, Egyptian militant Asmaa Mahfouz, Libyan dissident Ahmed al-Zubair Ahmed al-Sanusi, Syrian lawyer Razan Zeitouneh and Syrian cartoonist Ali Farzat.
    (AFP, 10/27/11)
2011        Oct 27, France's nuclear monitor said that the amount of cesium 137 that leaked into the Pacific from the Fukushima disaster was the greatest single nuclear contamination of the sea ever seen.
    (AFP, 10/27/11)
2011        Oct 27, A German court in Cologne sentenced art forger Wolfgang Beltracchi (60) to 6 years in jail for painting 14 works, which were sold as masterpieces for at least $14 million. His three accomplices received a total of 9 years in jail. The court dropped investigations into at least 40 more suspected fakes because of statutes of limitations.
    (SFC, 10/28/11, p.A2)(SFC, 11/10/11, p.A8)
2011        Oct 27, In Iraq two blasts, which took place at a music store in a Shiite neighborhood in Baghdad, killed at least 32 people and wounded 71 others. Among the dead were 8 security officers, including an army lieutenant colonel, 4 women and at least 8 children.
    (AP, 10/28/11)
2011        Oct 27, Israeli police said vandals have cut down 20 olive trees belonging to a Palestinian family in Jerusalem, with a note at the scene implying it might have been a Jewish extremist act against Arabs.
    (AFP, 10/27/11)
2011        Oct 27, Italian soldiers and civilian rescue workers battled knee-deep mud as they searched for survivors after flash floods and mudslides inundated picturesque villages around coastal areas of Liguria and Tuscany. At least 9 people died and 6 others were missing.
    (AP, 10/27/11)
2011        Oct 27, Pope Benedict XVI joined Buddhist monks, Islamic scholars, Yoruba leaders and a handful of agnostics in Assisi making a communal call for peace, insisting that religion must never be used as a pretext for war or terrorism. The event commemorated the 25th anniversary of a daylong prayer for peace here called by Pope John Paul II in 1986.
    (AP, 10/27/11)
2011        Oct 27, Kenyan troops clashed heavily with Shebab fighters in southern Somalia, the latest battle since an unprecedented military incursion 12 days ago, while four people were killed in a rocket attack in northern Kenya.
    (AFP, 10/27/11)
2011        Oct 27, Pakistani officials said two US drone strikes killed at least 10 militants in Waziristan, including the brother of a local Taliban commander who sends fighters across the border to fight Americans in Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 10/28/11)
2011        Oct 27, Saudi Arabia's powerful interior minister, Prince Nayef bin Abdul Aziz (78), was named the new heir to the throne in a royal decree read out on state television.
    (AFP, 10/27/11)
2011        Oct 27, In Senegal 2 people were killed and 22 injured in the village of Fanaye, where people attacked each other with sticks and machetes in a dispute over the project which will see 20,000 hectares given to an Italian investor to cultivate sweet potatoes for the production of biofuels.
    (AFP, 10/28/11)
2011        Oct 27, In Senegal Paul Nsapu, secretary-general of International Federation for Human Rights, was detained at Dakar's airport upon arrival. FIDH said he was detained to prevent him from speaking at a press conference for the annual report of the protection of human rights.
    (AP, 10/28/11)
2011        Oct 27, Young South Africans, led by Julius Malema, brought their frustration over poverty and joblessness to the streets, responding to a call by the tough-talking youth leader of the governing ANC who has clashed with older party leaders over economic policy.
    (AP, 10/27/11)
2011        Oct 27, In Sri Lanka Mohamed Niyas, a Muslim astrologer, was taken away in a white van by a group of gun-toting men. His brutalized body was found 3 weeks later.
    (www.humanrights.asia/news/ahrc-news/AHRC-STM-202-2011)
2011        Oct 27, Tens of thousands of Syrians held a mass rally in Latakia in support of embattled President Bashar Assad, but the regime's crackdown on dissent continued in opposition areas as security forces killed at least four people. Oil Minister Sufian Allaw acknowledged Damascus was having difficulty selling its oil after the European Union banned oil imports from Syria. Syrian troops were seen planting mines along a region bordering northern Lebanon in a bid to stem weapons smuggling.
    (AP, 10/27/11)(AFP, 10/27/11)
2011        Oct 27, In Thailand thousands of Bangkok residents flocked to bus, rail and air terminals while heavy traffic snaked out of the sprawling Thai capital in an exodus from a mass of approaching floodwater. By month’s end the flooding left more than 381 people dead and millions of homes and livelihoods damaged.
    (AFP, 10/27/11)(SFC, 10/31/11, p.A2)
2011        Oct 27, Uruguay's Congress approved a measure revoking amnesty for officials charged with human rights abuses during a period of military dictatorship. Uruguay's Supreme Court will decide whether lifting the amnesty is constitutional.
    (AP, 10/27/11)
2011        Oct 27, Venezuelan lawmakers approved measures that expand rent controls and require landlords to offer to sell their properties to any renters who have been living in a home for more than 20 years.
    (AP, 10/28/11)
2011        Oct 27, Yemeni security forces heavily deployed in Sanaa allowed a massive anti-regime rally to cross the capital without intervening, for the first time since January.
    (AFP, 10/27/11)

2011        Oct 28, The United States acknowledged it was flying drones out of Ethiopia under a counter-terrorism campaign in the Horn of Africa but said the aircraft were unarmed and not carrying out raids.
    (AFP, 10/28/11)
2011        Oct 28, In San Diego, Ca., police arrested 51 people who occupied the Civic Center Plaza and Children's Park for three weeks. Occupy San Diego protesters vowed to return to the civic plaza behind City Hall.
    (AP, 10/29/11)
2011        Oct 28, In San Francisco Rachael Marie Smith was sentenced to 2 years behind bars for swindling 18 potential apartment renters out of $110,000. Smith was also ordered to repay the stolen money.
    (SFC, 10/29/11, p.C2)
2011        Oct 28, In Tennessee 29 Occupy Nashville protesters were arrested in a pre-dawn raid. Many returned to the Legislative Plaza the same evening and remained through a 10 p.m. curfew. Troopers arrested 26 people this time. All were charged with trespassing. Magistrate Tom Nelson told troopers delivering the protesters to jail that he could "find no authority anywhere for anyone to authorize a curfew anywhere on Legislative Plaza."
    (AP, 10/29/11)
2011        Oct 28, In eastern Afghanistan insurgents attacked a convoy of Afghan and international troops, starting a firefight that left about 30 militants dead in Nangarhar province. In the south a NATO service member was killed in a roadside bombing in Kandahar province. A civilian car struck a roadside bomb in Nangarhar province's Khogyani district, killing two men, a woman and a child.
    (AP, 10/28/11)
2011        Oct 28, In Bosnia Mevlid Jasarevic, a man from the Muslim-dominated region of Serbia, fired with an automatic weapon outside the US Embassy in what authorities called a terrorist attack. Police in southern Serbia soon detained 15 people suspected of belonging to an extremist Islamic sect.
    (AP, 10/29/11)
2011        Oct 28, St. Paul’s Cathedral reopened after a weeklong closure triggered by protest against economic inequality and corporate greed. The City of London Corporation said it was launching legal action on the grounds that the protest is an "unreasonable user of the highway." Scores of tents are pitched on the pedestrianized square in front of the cathedral and near a footpath alongside the building.
    (AP, 10/28/11)
2011        Oct 28, Commonwealth leaders agreed to drop rules that give sons precedence as heir to the throne and bar anyone in line for the crown from marrying a Roman Catholic. The agreement came on the sidelines of a Commonwealth summit presided over by the Queen in the west Australian city of Perth. Current succession rules, dating back to 1688 and 1700, were designed to ensure a Protestant monarchy, and bar anyone in line to the throne from marrying a Catholic.
    (Reuters, 10/28/11)
2011        Oct 28, Chile's Hudson Volcano released three huge columns of steam and ash that combined in a cloud more than 3 miles (5 km) high.
    (AP, 10/28/11)
2011        Oct 28, China blocked online access to news of riots by thousands of people who clashed with police in an eastern manufacturing city in what began as a protest over taxes.
    (AFP, 10/28/11)
2011        Oct 28, In Egypt several thousand protesters in Cairo called on the ruling military to promptly transfer power to a civilian government and exclude old regime figures from politics. Protesters clashed with soldiers and police in Cairo after a funeral procession for a man a rights group claims died from police torture after he was caught smuggling a mobile phone chip into his cell.
    (AFP, 10/28/11)
2011        Oct 28, Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe opened Medicrime convention for signature. It aimed to punish drug counterfeiters and speed information sharing. As of 2012 it was signed by 18 European countries, but ratified only by Ukraine.
    (Economist, 10/13/12, p.74)(www.edqm.eu/en/the-medicrime-convention-1470.html)
2011        Oct 28, In Greece thousands of anti-austerity protesters in Thessaloniki forced the cancellation of an annual military parade commemorating the nation's entry into World War II.
    (AP, 10/28/11)
2011        Oct 28, India’s government said the rate of suicides in the country is increasing and that more than 15 people kill themselves every hour.
    (SFC, 10/29/11, p.A2)
2011        Oct 28, In southern Iran an explosion at a state-run oil field killed a worker and injured three others. A refinery in central Iran was hit by a fire.
    (AFP, 10/28/11)
2011        Oct 28, Ireland held presidential elections. Michael D. Higgins (70), a champion of Palestinian rights and a member of junior coalition partner Labour Party, was ahead in most voting tallies across the country. Labor candidate Higgins won with nearly 57 percent of votes, clear of nearest rival, businessman Sean Gallagher.
    (Reuters, 10/28/11)(AP, 10/29/11)
2011        Oct 28, In central Jamaica an 8-year-old girl’s throat was slashed and her mother seriously wounded in an attack at their home. Officers looked to speak with the girl's father.
    (AP, 10/29/11)
2011        Oct 28, In Mexico at least 21 people were killed in three shootouts between soldiers and gunmen and a fight between rival drug gangs. This included 15 in Michoacan and 6 in Sinaloa.
    (AP, 10/28/11)
2011        Oct 28, A Moroccan court convicted all defendants for their role in the April 28 cafe bombing that killed 17 people, mostly tourists, sentencing Adel al-Othmani, the chief suspect, to death. All the defendants protested their innocence.
    (AP, 10/28/11)
2011        Oct 28, Myanmar police filed charges against seven people who staged a peaceful protest against alleged unfair confiscation of their land, which comes as the outside world watches the government's stated commitment to democratic reforms. Those charged included labor rights lawyer Pho Phyu, who was with more than 30 farmers who staged a sit-in a day earlier in front of the government housing department in Yangon.
    (AP, 10/28/11)
2011        Oct 28, NATO allies formally agreed to end the seven-month mission in Libya Oct 31.
    (AFP, 10/28/11)
2011        Oct 28, In Nigeria hackers calling themselves NaijaCyberHacktivists hit the website of the top anti-corruption agency over a government official suggesting tighter Internet control.
    (AP, 10/28/11)
2011        Oct 28, Nigeria's military seized a ship laden with 5,000 tons of stolen oil amid rising cases of crude theft in one of the world's main oil producing regions.
    (AFP, 10/31/11)
2011        Oct 28, In Pakistan some 2,000 people demonstrated outside the country's parliament to demand an end to US drone strikes, claiming they kill more innocent civilians than Taliban and Al-Qaeda leaders.
    (AFP, 10/28/11)
2011        Oct 28, A Pakistani court issued an arrest warrant for former president Pervez Musharraf and former PM Shaukat Aziz over the killing of Nawab Akbar Bugti, a Baluch rebel leader in August 2006. The operation also killed at least 7 soldiers and 17 tribal insurgents.
    (AFP, 10/28/11)
2011        Oct 28, A 6.9-magnitude quake just off the central coast of Peru. Peruvian authorities said 134 homes were destroyed and 103 people treated at hospitals for injuries.
    (AP, 10/29/11)
2011        Oct 28, The Philippine government said it will seize three Manila properties belonging to flamboyant former first lady Imelda Marcos as payment for money she embezzled nearly three decades ago.
    (AFP, 10/28/11)
2011        Oct 28, South Korea's parliament approved a tougher law against sex crimes, inspired in part by a recent movie based on a real-life case of sexually abused deaf children.
    (AP, 10/28/11)
2011        Oct 28, In Spain a man in Valencia went on a stabbing rampage at his apartment building, killing three people and seriously injuring at least two others. The man was arrested, but a motive for the attack was not given.
    (AP, 10/29/11)
2011        Oct 28, Syrian security forces reportedly killed at least 40 people. Authorities disrupted telephone and Internet service in restive areas during mass protests calling for the downfall of President Bashar Assad's regime. Activists called for a no-fly zone to protect civilians and soldiers deserting the army.
    (AFP, 10/28/11)(AP, 10/28/11)(AP, 10/29/11)
2011        Oct 28, The UN refugee agency said fresh aerial bombings in Sudan's border Blue Nile state are sending more refugees fleeing to Ethiopia, with 2,000 arriving in the last four days.
    (AFP, 10/28/11)
2011        Oct 28, In Yemen a car bomb near Aden killed Ali al-Haddi, the head of the anti-terror force in restive southern Abyan province. Demonstrations raged around the country. A 28-year-old woman was reported killed in crossfire in Sanaa during a gunbattle between opposing sides.
    (AP, 10/28/11)

2011        Oct 29, A snowstorm socked the Northeast US over the weekend, knocking out power to 2.7 million, snarling air and highway travel and dumping more than 2 feet of snow in a few spots as it slowly moved north out of New England. States of emergency were declared in New Jersey, Connecticut, Massachusetts and parts of New York.
    (AP, 10/30/11)
2011        Oct 29, Kenneth John Gillespie (b.1924), founder of the Daly City/Colma History Guild and the Daly City Museum, died in Daly City, Ca. He and his wife Bunny Gillespie have been Daly City historians since 1987.
    (SFC, 11/6/11, p.D9)
2011        Oct 29, In Colorado a tense standoff between protesters and authorities near the steps of the state Capitol erupted into a clash that resulted in a surge of demonstrators being met with police force that included reports of pepper spray and rubber bullets. 7 protesters were arrested, including two for assault and one for disobedience.
    (AP, 10/29/11)
2011        Oct 29, In Kansas an explosion at the Bartlett Grain Co. elevator in Atchinson killed 6 people and critically injured 2 others with severe burns.
    (SFC, 10/31/11, p.A5)(SFC, 11/1/11, p.A7)
2011        Oct 29, In Afghanistan a Taliban car bomber struck a NATO military convoy in the Kabul, killing at least 17 people, including 5 NATO troops, one Canadian and 8 civilians. 3 Australian army trainers were killed when an Afghan soldier in Uruzgan province turned his gun on them. In the eastern city of Asadabad in Kunar province, a female suicide bomber blew herself up outside a local branch of Afghanistan's spy agency, wounding two guards.
    (AFP, 10/29/11)(AFP, 10/30/11)(AP, 10/31/11)
2011        Oct 29, Australian flag carrier Qantas grounded its entire fleet indefinitely in a bitter industrial dispute. Months of strikes by baggage handlers, engineers and pilots have been costing Qantas Aus$15 million (£9.9 million) per week, with the total financial impact so far hitting Aus$68 million.
    (AFP, 10/29/11)
2011        Oct 29, Commonwealth leaders meeting in Australia failed to establish a human rights watchdog for their 54-nation bloc, but insisted that progress had been made during their summit to promote democratic values.
    (AFP, 10/29/11)
2011        Oct 29, Jimmy Savile (b.1926), popular British children's TV entertainer, died. His gold coffin went on public display and he was lauded as a "national treasure" who had raised millions of pounds for good causes. In 2012 allegations that Savile sexually abused young girls for decades first emerged in an expose on the TV channel ITV. Since then, police say some 300 victims had come forward.
    (AP, 10/28/12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jimmy_Savile)
2011        Oct 29, In central China a police officer was suspected of driving a police van drunk and killing five people in a crash that sparked angry crowds to smash and flip police cars in the latest burst of public anger against the authorities. The van crashed into two street lamp poles that fell, fatally crushing five victims and injuring three more.
    (AP, 10/30/11)
2011        Oct 29, In Denmark Axel Axgil (96), whose struggle for gay rights helped make Denmark the first country to legalize same-sex partnerships, died in Copenhagen.
    (AP, 10/30/11)
2011        Oct 29, In northeast India a foot bridge spanning the Kameng River collapsed. Arunachal Pradesh state police said 30 people were feared drowned.
    (AP, 10/29/11)
2011        Oct 29, Iraq’s PM Nouri al-Maliki said that 615 people have been detained in a security sweep targeting members of the former ruling Baath Party.
    (SSFC, 10/30/11, p.A9)
2011        Oct 29, A state official said Indian-ruled Kashmir has approved amendments to the PSA, a tough law that allowed detention of people without trial for two years and the arrest of youths as young as 16. The amendments mean that no-one under 18 years of age will be detained under the act.
    (AFP, 10/29/11)
2011        Oct 29, Iranian media reported a blast at a southwest oil field, the third such explosion in the country in 24 hours attributed to accidents.
    (AFP, 10/29/11)
2011        Oct 29, In Israel tens of thousands of people marched in Tel Aviv to express anger over the high cost of living. Thousands of others protested in Jerusalem.
    (AP, 10/29/11)
2011        Oct 29, Israeli aircraft killed 5 Palestinian militants from the Islamic Jihad group whom it says were responsible for recent rocket attacks on Israel. Field commander Ahmed Sheikh Khalil was killed as militants were preparing to launch more rockets at Israel. Palestinians fired 10 rockets into Israel in the early hours of the morning, and Israeli aircraft targeted six militant sites in Gaza. 9 militants and an Israeli civilian were killed altogether in some of the worst violence in the area in months.
    (AP, 10/29/11)(AP, 10/30/11)
2011        Oct 29, In Libya volunteers reportedly buried more than 500 bodies across Sirte since October 23, most of them believed to be fighters. This included more than 50 bodies of civilians were found under the rubble of a several-storey building flattened in a NATO air strike.
    (AFP, 10/29/11)
2011        Oct 29, Phoenix-based US Airways flight attendant Nick Aaronson (33) was found dead in a Mexico City hotel room while on a layover. Authorities were investigating the death as a homicide.
    (AP, 10/30/11)
2011        Oct 29, Saudi Prince Khaled bin Talal, brother of billionaire Prince Alwaleed bin Talal, told the kingdom's al-Daleel TV station by telephone that he was raising a previous offer made by Sheik Awadh al-Qarani, a prominent Saudi cleric who promised $100,000 for capturing an Israeli soldier.
    (AP, 10/30/11)
2011        Oct 29, In Somalia at least 10 people died during an insurgent attack on an African Union base in Mogadishu. Kenya said its troops will stay in southern Somalia until Kenyans feel safe again, raising questions about whether Kenya risks becoming bogged down in an open-ended occupation of its war-ravaged neighbor. The Shebab claimed to have killed 80 Ugandan soldiers in the battle. A Shebab spokesman said American citizen of Somali origin was said to have been one of the two suicide bombers behind the twin attack.
    (AP, 10/29/11)(AP, 10/30/11)
2011        Oct 29, In South Sudan about 80 people, including 15 civilians and 60 rebels, were killed when government forces in the oil-rich Unity state repelled an attack by rebel militia, most of them fighting under the banner of the South Sudan Liberation Army (SSLA). Among the dead was the notorious rebel fighter Colonel Ruadheal Gatwech.
    (AFP, 10/29/11)(AFP, 10/30/11)
2011        Oct 29, Syrian troops shelled the Baba Amr district of Homs killing three people. Raids and arrests also were reported around the eastern city of Deir el-Zour. Syrian soldiers were killed and 53 wounded in clashes with presumed army deserters in Homs. 10 security agents and a deserter were killed in a bus ambush. At least 12 civilians died from sniper or machinegun fire in the province.
    (AP, 10/29/11)(AFP, 10/30/11)
2011        Oct 29, In Taiwan thousands of gay rights supporters marched through Taipei, its ninth annual gay rights parade, calling for increased tolerance and the enactment of anti-discrimination legislation.
    (AP, 10/29/11)
2011        Oct 29, In Turkey a female suicide bomber killed two people in Bingol, in the southeastern Kurdish region and wounded 12 others.
    (AP, 10/29/11)

2011        Oct 30, It was reported that half of the cocaine that reaches the United States is now offloaded somewhere along the Honduran coast and heavily forested interior, estimated at a total of 20 to 25 tons each month.
    (AP, 10/30/11)
2011        Oct 30, Dozens of protesters at economic inequality demonstrations in Austin, Texas, and Portland, Oregon were arrested peacefully over allegedly failing to comply with rules in each city.
    (Reuters, 10/30/11)
2011        Oct 30, In Australia the 3-day 54-nation Commonwealth summit, held once every two years, wrapped up with a joint communique. Among the forum's successes was the adoption of a measure that will coordinate global emergency relief efforts to deal with food supply crises.
    (AP, 10/30/11)
2011        Oct 30, Britain’s PM David Cameron announced that British merchant ships traveling around the Horn of Africa will for the first time be able to carry armed guards to protect them from pirates.
    (AFP, 10/30/11)
2011        Oct 30, Bulgarians voted between Rosen Plevneliev (47), a member of the ruling center-right party, and Ivailo Kalfin (47), a leftist ex-foreign minister, in an election run-off for the presidency of the impoverished, corruption-plagued country. The president leads the armed forces and can veto legislation and sign international treaties. Plevneliev won the election with 52.56%. Socialist challenger Ivailo Kalfin took 47.44% and conceded defeat.
    (AP, 10/30/11)(AP, 10/31/11)
2011        Oct 30, Chinese state media said China will maintain its strict "one-child" policy, despite calls for the rules to be relaxed.
    (AFP, 10/30/11)
2011        Oct 30, In Colombia voters elected former leftist rebel and anti-corruption crusader Gustavo Petro (51) as mayor of Bogota, the first time an ex-guerrilla has won the country’s second most important elected office.
    (AP, 10/31/11)
2011        Oct 30, Egypt's ruling military jailed Alaa Abdel Fatah, a veteran dissident and blogger, on charges of inciting deadly clashes between soldiers and Christians this month.
    (AFP, 10/31/11)
2011        Oct 30, An Israeli aircraft struck a pair of Palestinian militants, killing one man and wounding a second in a new eruption of violence that raised the death toll in a weekend of rocket attacks and airstrikes to 11. The Islamic Jihad militant group said it was ready to halt its attacks if Israel would halt its air strikes.
    (AP, 10/30/11)
2011        Oct 30, A Kenyan raid on a southern Somali town killed at least five civilians, including three children. Kenya insists it hit a Shebab target but witnesses and aid sources said one bomb ploughed into a camp of displaced civilians. The air raid struck a camp hosting 9,000 internally-displaced Somalis in Jilib.
    (AFP, 10/31/11)
2011        Oct 30, Voters in Kyrgyzstan cast their ballots in a presidential election that could set a democratic example for authoritarian neighbors. The election pitted front-runner Almazbek Atambayev against two popular nationalist politicians, Kamchibek Tashiyev and Adakhan Madumarov. Monitors from the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe criticized irregularities as preliminary returns showed Atambayev winning over 60 percent of votes.
    (AP, 10/30/11)(AP, 10/31/11)
2011        Oct 30, Libya's interim PM Mahmoud Jibril confirmed the presence of chemical weapons in Libya and said foreign inspectors would arrive later this week to deal with the issue. A clash took place in a Tripoli neighborhood between fighters from the towns of Zintan and Misrata. A Zintan fighter was killed and another, from Misrata, was wounded and taken by his friends to Tripoli's Central Hospital.
    (AP, 10/30/11)(AP, 11/1/11)
2011        Oct 30, Pirates off the coast of Nigeria seized the MT Halifax oil tanker with over 20 crew.
    (AFP, 11/3/11)(SFC, 11/4/11, p.A2)
2011        Oct 30, In Pakistan Imran Khan led a huge rally in Lahore. The PTI chief warned politicians to declare their assets or his party would launch a civil disobedience movement against them.
    (http://tribune.com.pk/story/285058/pti-rally-in-lahore-live-updates/)
2011        Oct 30, In Pakistan a suspected US drone strike killed 6 alleged militants.
    (SFC, 10/31/11, p.A2)
2011        Oct 30, Philippine bomber planes and troops assaulted a mountain stronghold of the al-Qaida-linked Abu Sayyaf group in the south in a new offensive targeting a key Malaysian terrorism suspect and allied Filipino gunmen. The military air and ground assault killed 3 Abu Sayyaf commanders and 2 other militants around the Abu Sayyaf jungle lair near Karawan village in Sulu province's Indanan town after OV-10 planes bombed the area. Primary targets Malaysian Zulkifli bin Hir, also known as Marwan, and Abu Sayyaf commander Umbra Jumdail escaped along with 2 other Asian militants and dozens of Abu Sayyaf fighters.
    (AP, 10/30/11)(AP, 10/31/11)
2011        Oct 30, An unmanned Russian cargo ship headed for the Int’l. Space Station after it launched from the Baikonur cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.
    (SFC, 10/31/11, p.A2)
2011        Oct 30, The Arab League handed Syrian officials a plan for ending seven months of increasingly violent unrest against President Bashar al-Assad's rule, and Assad told Russian Television he would cooperate with the opposition. The plan involved talks in Cairo between the Syrian authorities and their opponents. At least two people were killed in fresh violence. Pres. Assad in an interview with Britain's Sunday Telegraph newspaper warned of "another Afghanistan" if foreign forces intervened in his country as they had with the Libyan uprising.
    (Reuters, 10/30/11)(AFP, 10/30/11)
2011        Oct 30, Venezuela's Pres. Chavez ordered the expropriation of 716,590 acres belonging to a British-owned company amid a disagreement over compensation for earlier takeovers of ranchland from the firm. Chavez announced the latest seizure after saying that Venezuela refuses to pay compensation in foreign currency to Agropecuaria Flora, a local subsidiary of the British company Vestey Group.
    (AP, 10/30/11)
2011        Oct 30, In Yemen 4 people, including three children, were killed overnight when troops loyal to Pres. Saleh shelled a petrol filling station in a region north of the capital. In Taiz one civilian was shot dead and two were wounded by government forces who fired at a car.
    (Reuters, 10/30/11)

2011        Oct 31, Arizona law enforcement officials said a massive drug smuggling ring has been broken up. Over the past month 76 people were arrested linked to the Sinaloa drug cartel, which over the last 5 years had generated over $2 billion by smuggling cocaine, heroine and marijuana into the US.
    (SFC, 11/1/11, p.A7)
2011        Oct 31, An Arizona jury found Mark Goudeau (47), identified as the Phoenix area Baseline Killer, guilty of murdering 9 people in the summer of 2006. On Dec 30 Goudeau was sentenced to death.
    (SFC, 11/1/11, p.A6)(SFC, 12/1/11, p.A10)
2011        Oct 31, MF Global, a New York brokerage firm run by former New Jersey Gov. Jon Corzine, filed for bankruptcy. Corzine (64), a former co-CEO at Goldman Sachs, resigned on Nov 4 amid regulatory probes.
    (http://dealbook.nytimes.com/2011/10/31/mf-global-bankruptcy-rattles-wall-st-firms/)(SFC, 11/5/11, p.D1)
2011        Oct 31, In Afghanistan insurgents driving a suicide truck bomb and attacking on foot killed five people, including three UN employees, near the offices of the UN's refugee agency in the Kandahar city. Afghan forces and the militants exchanged fire for nearly seven hours before the militants were killed.
    (AP, 10/31/11)
2011        Oct 31, Algiers inaugurated its long-awaited underground metro system amid much fanfare after three decades of work interrupted by an oil crisis and a civil war. Work for Africa's second metro after Cairo began in earnest in 1982.
    (AFP, 10/31/11)
2011        Oct 31, An Australian court ended the strikes and employee lockout that had abruptly grounded Qantas Airways and stranded tens of thousands of passengers worldwide. The government referred the dispute to Fair Work Australia, which ordered both sides into 21 days of talks.
    (AP, 10/31/11)(Econ, 11/5/11, p.75)
2011        Oct 31, Bangladesh wildlife officials said Bangladesh will declare three river areas in its southwest as dolphin sanctuaries, in a bid to protect the country's population of endangered freshwater cetaceans.
    (AFP, 10/31/11)
2011        Oct 31, The head of British intelligence agency GCHQ warned of a "disturbing" rise in cyber attacks on the country's government and industry systems which he said risked damaging the economy.
    (AFP, 10/31/11)
2011        Oct 31, EDF Energy submitted its application to build the first new nuclear power plant in Britain, the country's Infrastructure Planning Commission (IPC) confirmed in a statement.
    (Reuters, 10/31/11)
2011        Oct 31, China, Laos, Myanmar and Thailand signed a regional security agreement pledging to share intelligence and to engage in joint patrols along a stretch of the Mekong between China and the Golden Triangle.
    (Econ, 11/19/11, p.45)
2011        Oct 31, Colombia’s President Juan Manuel Santos dissolved the scandal-plagued DAS domestic intelligence agency, saying its employees will be transferred to other state offices.
    (AP, 10/31/11)
2011        Oct 31, More than 3,000 Egyptians marched through downtown Cairo, protesting the military's arrest of Alaa Abdel-Fattah, a prominent blogger-activist, in the latest sign of discontent with the ruling generals' managing of the country.
    (AP, 10/31/11)
2011        Oct 31, In India Samdup Taso (83), the last Lepcha priest in Sikkim, died. This left the Lepchas without a spiritual leader to offer prayers to Kanchenjunga, the world's third-highest mountain, which is revered as Sikkim's guardian deity.
    (AFP, 11/6/11)
2011        Oct 31, Israeli aircraft struck the southern Gaza Strip targeting rocket-launching militants. Palestinian officials reported that two men were found dead in the area. The Israeli military said its aircraft attacked a squad that had just fired a rocket into Israel.
    (AP, 10/31/11)
2011        Oct 31, Israeli Committee Against House Demolitions (ICAHD) submitted complaints to three UN Special Reporters, demanding they launch an investigation into the legality of Israel's policy in the eastern sector of Jerusalem, which it occupied in 1967 and later annexed, a move never recognized by the rest of the world. The group's report "No Home, No Homeland" accuses Israel of making it almost impossible for Palestinians to obtain building permits.
    (AFP, 11/1/11)
2011        Oct 31, Japan and Vietnam agreed to move ahead with a plan to export Japanese nuclear technology to build reactors in Vietnam despite Japan's ongoing nuclear crisis. PM Yoshihiko Noda and his Vietnamese counterpart Nguyen Tan Dung also agreed to jointly mine rare earth minerals in Vietnam.
    (AP, 10/31/11)
2011        Oct 31, Kenya and Somalia called for other nations to help in their fight against Islamist insurgents.
    (SFC, 11/1/11, p.A3)
2011        Oct 31, Libya's interim leadership chose Abdel-Rahim al-Keeb, an electronics engineer from Tripoli, as the country's new prime minister.
    (AP, 10/31/11)
2011        Oct 31, NATO’s Secretary-General Anders Fogh Rasmussen arrived in Tripoli for talks with Libya's interim leaders before NATO operations end at midnight today. The NATO 7-month air campaign left at least 40 civilians dead.
    (AP, 10/31/11)(SSFC, 12/18/11, p.A13)
2011        Oct 31, Mexican soldiers seized 2 catapults and 1.4 tons (1.3 metric tons of marijuana) during a raid in Agua Prieta, across the border from Douglas, Arizona.
    (AP, 11/1/11)
2011        Oct 31, In Mexico a light airplane taking off from the border city of Tijuana crashed into an auto repair shop near a street market, killing three people and setting fire to several cars.
    (AP, 10/31/11)
2011        Oct 31, Ali Saibou (71), former president of Niger (1987-1993) died in the capital Niamey. He brought multi-party politics to the west African country.
    (AFP, 11/1/11)
2011        Oct 31, The Palestinians were admitted to UNESCO as full members in a vote at the UN cultural body's general assembly in Paris. The resolution was adopted by 107 countries, 14 countries voted against and 52 abstained, bringing member states to 195.
    (AFP, 10/31/11)
2011        Oct 31, Somali pirates captured a Greek chemical tanker and were commandeering it to a hideout in the north of the war-torn country. The MT Liquid Velvet had 21 Filipinos and one Greek sailor on board.
    (AFP, 11/2/11)
2011        Oct 31, Hundreds of SPLM-North rebels were killed in clashes with the Sudanese army in South Kordofan, Sudan's only oil producing state where the army is battling insurgents.
    (AFP, 10/31/11)
2011        Oct 31, A Tunisian court was reported to have issued an international arrest warrant against Suha Arafat (48), the widow of the late Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat over alleged corruption. The case appeared to be connected to a school she founded in 2006 with the wife of the ousted Pres. Ben Ali. She was stripped of her Tunisian citizenship in 2007 following a dispute with the former ruling family and currently lives in Malta.
    (AFP, 11/1/11)(SFC, 11/1/11, p.A2)
2011        Oct 31, Ugandan opposition leader Kizza Besigye was arrested as he set off from his home with around 20 supporters to walk the 14 km (seven miles) into Kampala's center. Earlier this year he launched a "walk-to-work" protest over high living costs.
    (AFP, 10/31/11)
2011        Oct 31, The UN marked the world population reaching 7 billion amid fears of how the planet will cope.
    (AP, 10/31/11)
2011        Oct 31, Zimbabwe state media said President Robert Mugabe has warned Switzerland he would "reciprocate" after his wife and top officials were denied visas to attend a UN meeting in that country.
    (AFP, 10/31/11)
2011        Oct 31, In Zimbabwe a $430 million fund was launched with the help of the EU and UNICEF to give children and pregnant women free medical care at public hospitals.
    (AFP, 10/31/11)

2011        Oct, The USDA awarded a 10-year contract worth up to $25 million to Fairfax, Va.-based SRA International, Inc., to step up the technology used to combat food stamp fraud. A criminal swindle of the nation's $64.7 billion food stamp program was playing out at small neighborhood stores around the country, where thousands of retailers are suspected of trading deals with customers, exchanging lesser amounts of cash for their stamps.
    (AP, 11/19/11)
2011        Oct, In Washington DC Trudith Rishikof died after being hit by a Swiss Embassy vehicle In 2015 the Swiss government reached an agreement to pay $1.725 million in compensation to her husband.
    (AP, 4/15/15)
2011        Oct, Canada’s PM Stephen Harper announced the country’s biggest ever arms order for naval and coastguard ships costing C$35 billion.
    (Econ, 7/21/12, p.32)
2011        Oct, In Germany Andreas and Heidrun Anschlag, only the fake names on the fake Austrian passports they used to enter Germany, were arrested and charged with spying for Russia over a period of 20 years. Their trial opened on Jan 15, 2012.
    (AP, 1/15/13)
2011        Oct, Guinea-Bissau President Malam Bacai Sanha appointed Jose Americo Bubo Na Tchuto, labeled by the US Treasury Department as a drug kingpin, to head the Navy.
    (AP, 1/9/12)
2011        Oct, In central India Lalita Tati (7) disappeared and her dismembered remains were found a week later in the Bijapur district of Chhattisgarh state. Two men were arrested in December for allegedly killing the girl and cutting out her liver in a ritual sacrifice to ensure a better harvest.
    (AP, 1/2/12)
2011        Oct, Indonesia promised to provide all of its citizens with health insurance by 2014.
    (Economist, 9/8/12, p.11)
2011        Oct, In Israel Anat Kam, a former solider, was sentenced to four and a half years in jail after pleading guilty to leaking military documents. Kam had handed some 1,800 documents to journalist Uri Blau who used some of them as the source for an article in 2008 which said troops had been ordered to carry out targeted killings of Palestinian militants in violation of a Supreme Court order.
    (AFP, 7/24/12)
2011        Oct, Kazakhstan’s President Nazarbayev hired a team under British former prime minister Tony Blair to counsel him on reform and a transition to democracy.
    (Econ, 12/20/14, p.91)
2011        Oct, Kuwait’s opposition MP Mussallam al-Barrak charged that Sheikh Nasser, a senior member of the ruling family, transferred around $200 million of public funds into his overseas accounts through the central bank and the foreign ministry.
    (AFP, 2/28/12)
2011        Oct, In Mali Tuareg rebels met at a remote oasis near the Algerian border with deserters from the Malian army to found the National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad (MNLA).
    (Econ, 3/17/12, p.60)
2011        Oct, In Pakistan a university professor allegedly sent a packet containing anthrax to the Pakistani prime minister's office. This was not made public until Feb 1, 2012.
    (AP, 2/1/12)
2011        Oct, Pakistan reported its 115th case of polio. The current annual global number was down to about 1000.
    (Econ, 10/15/11, p.48)
2011        Oct, Zimbabwe police arrested three alleged sperm-hunting women, found with a plastic bag of 31 used condoms. They were nabbed for allegedly violating 17 men. Reports of sperm hunters first surfaced in the local press in 2009. Sperm-hunting charges against the women were dropped in May, 2012, but the state decided to prosecute two of the women on a lesser charge of "loitering for the purposes of prostitution", punishable by a fine.
    (AFP, 3/22/12)(AFP, 5/3/12)

2011        Nov 1, US federal authorities arrested four Georgia men, Frederick Thomas (73), Dan Roberts (67), Ray H. Adams (65) and Samuel J. Crump (68), accused of plotting to buy explosives and produce a deadly biological toxin to attack fellow citizens and government officials. They planned to follow a script in the 2008 radical online underground novel “Absolved," by Mike Vanderboegh.
    (Reuters, 11/1/11)(www.thepriceofliberty.org/08/07/28/absolved.htm)
2011        Nov 1, The US federal government sued Houston-based Allied Home Mortgage Corp., one of the nation's largest privately held mortgage brokers, saying its decade-long fraudulent lending practices cost the government hundreds of millions of dollars and forced thousands of American homeowners to lose their homes. The suit named as defendants founder Jim Hodge and Jeanne Stell, the company's executive vice president and director of compliance.
    (AP, 11/1/11)
2011        Nov 1, It was reported that US federal regulators have discovered that hundreds of millions of dollars in customer money has gone missing from MF Global, a New York brokerage firm run by Jon Corzine. MF Global filed for bankruptcy on Oct 31.
    (SFC, 11/2/11, p.A4)
2011        Nov 1, In London former Pakistan Test captain Salman Butt (27) and fast bowler Mohammad Asif (28) were found guilty of involvement in a "spot-fixing" betting scam during a match against England in August, 2010.
    (AP, 11/1/11)
2011        Nov 1, China’s government announced a punitive $2.4 million tax bill on artist and government critic Ai Weiwei. He was given 15 days to come with the money. Donations began to come in from people and over $550,000 was donated by Nov 6.
    (SFC, 11/7/11, p.A3)
2011        Nov 1, A survey by the Bank of China and the Hurun Report said nearly half of China's wealthiest citizens are considering emigrating, with the United States and Canada the most popular destinations.
    (AFP, 11/1/11)
2011        Nov 1, China’s state media reported that police in Henan province have arrested 114 people in a crackdown on a counterfeit drugs ring, seizing $30 million worth of fake medications and more than 65 million medicine bottles.
    (AP, 11/1/11)
2011        Nov 1, China launched an unmanned Shenzhou 8 spacecraft, the latest step in its efforts to place a permanent space station in orbit. The Shenzhou 8 docked with the Tiangong 1 module on Nov 3.
    (SFC, 11/1/11, p.A2)(SFC, 11/4/11, p.A3)
2011        Nov 1, In China a massive explosion near an expressway ramp in Fuquan, Guizhou province, killed at least seven people and injured about 200 while also destroying several homes. The blast was caused by three explosives-laden vehicles that caught fire.
    (AP, 11/1/11)
2011        Nov 1, Equatorial Guinea authorities arrested Marcial Abaga Barril, an opposition member. A day later he was told he was being held into the alleged killing last month of a cook working for Pres. Obiang’s family. He  planned to campaign against this month's referendum on a constitutional change that would all but ensure that Africa's longest-serving dictator could extend his rule. Barril was released on Nov  4.
    (AP, 11/4/11)(AP, 11/4/11)
2011        Nov 1, Mario Draghi succeeded Jean Claude Trichet as president of the European Central Bank.
    (Econ, 10/22/11, p.16)
2011        Nov 1, Guinean President Alpha Conde announced the retirement of over 4,000 soldiers and paramilitary officers, many of whom are long past the legal age at which they should have stepped down.
    (AFP, 11/1/11)
2011        Nov 1, Israeli troops in Ramallah rearrested Hassan Yusef, a senior Hamas official overnight, along with his son. Yusef was freed on August 4 as part of a mass release of Israeli and Palestinian prisoners due to overcrowding. He had six weeks left of his sentence.
    (AFP, 11/1/11)
2011        Nov 1, Japan approved a plan to send a unit of ground troops to South Sudan as part of a UN nation-building force, where they are expected to help construct infrastructure for the fledgling nation.
    (AFP, 11/1/11)
2011        Nov 1, Kenya's military said it had reliable information that two aircraft landed in the Somali town of Baidoa with weapons on board intended for al-Shabab militants.
    (AP, 11/2/11)
2011        Nov 1, Mexican authorities found eight dead people in a mangrove swamp near the city of Boca del Rio, Veracruz state, that has seen a recent surge in the large-scale dumping of bodies during an outbreak of violence among rival drug cartels. The Mexican navy over the last 24 hours recovered two metric tons of marijuana floating in the Pacific Ocean near the resort town of Cabo San Lucas.
    (AP, 11/2/11)
2011        Nov 1, It was reported that bloggers and tweeters claiming to belong to the hacker movement "Anonymous" say they plan to expose collaborators of Mexico's bloody Zetas drug cartel, even if some of them seem to have backed away from the plan out of fear.
    (AP, 11/1/11)
2011        Nov 1, The leaders of Nepal’s four main parties agreed to integrate one-third of the former Maoist rebels into the army and give money to the remainder. Under the agreement, 6,500 of the 19,000 former Maoist rebels who had been demobilized and living in camps for five years will be integrated into the national army, but only in noncombat roles.
    (AP, 11/2/11)
2011        Nov 1, Nepalese police detained more than 100 Tibetan exiles who had gathered to pray for nine Tibetans who set themselves on fire to protest against Chinese rule.
    (AP, 11/1/11)
2011        Nov 1, Hackers from around the world attacked Palestinian servers, cutting Internet service across the West Bank and Gaza, one day after the Palestinians won full membership of UNESCO.
    (AFP, 11/6/11)
2011        Nov 1, Senegal shut its airspace to all planes coming or going to Guinea after a Senegal Airlines flight was blocked in Conakry due to a spat over payments.
    (AFP, 11/1/11)
2011        Nov 1, Somali government spokesman Abdirahman Omar Osman said the district commissioner of Mogadishu's Hamar Jajab neighborhood has been fired over missing aid. The district commissioner in Karan was suspended following looting incidents and assaults on women collecting food.
    (AP, 11/1/11)
2011        Nov 1, A South Korean court sentenced US soldier Pfc. Kevin Flippin to 10 years in prison for raping a teenage girl, the second harshest punishment handed down to a convicted American soldier here in nearly 20 years.
    (AP, 11/1/11)
2011        Nov 1, Swazi police fired teargas outside a courthouse in the capital Mbabane to disperse protesters demanding the Supreme Court stop its work amid a strike by lawyers.
    (AFP, 11/1/11)
2011        Nov 1, Officials and witnesses said Syria is planting landmines along parts of the country's border with Lebanon as refugees streamed out of the country to escape the crackdown on anti-government protests.
    (AP, 11/1/11)
2011        Nov 1, Turkey hosted the presidents of Afghanistan and Pakistan for a trilateral summit designed to reduce tensions and promote cooperation between the two neighbors amid stepped-up Taliban attacks.
    (AFP, 11/1/11)
2011        Nov 1, Amnesty International reported that Uganda's government and public officials are placing illegitimate restrictions on freedom of expression. Amnesty said that journalists, opposition politicians and activists face arbitrary arrest, intimidation and politically motivated criminal charges.
    (AP, 11/1/11)
2011        Nov 1, In Yemen intermittent clashes erupted late in the day in Hasaba district between government troops and gunmen loyal to influential tribal chief Sheikh Sadeq al-Ahmar, killed two tribesmen and a policemen.
    (AFP, 11/2/11)
2011        Nov 1, Zimbabwe police fired tear gas into PM Morgan Tsvangirai's party headquarters in Harare and blocked off the building while beating up nearby street vendors. MDC spokesman Douglas Mwonzora said the attempts to arrest the street vendors was a ploy to raid Tsvangirai's party offices.
    (AFP, 11/1/11)
2011        Nov 1, In Zimbabwe a decision by the Kimberley Process (KP) allows two firms, state-owned Marange Resources and state joint venture Mbada Diamonds, to sell gems from the Marange region, one of Africa's biggest diamond finds in decades and the site of gross human rights violations. The deal came after negotiations involving Zimbabwe, the European Union, South Africa, the United States and the World Diamond Council.
    (AFP, 11/1/11)

2011        Nov 2, In NYC a jury convicted Russian arms dealer Viktor Bout of seeking to make millions by selling heavy weaponry to a terror group so that it could attack US forces helping the Colombia government.
    (SFC, 11/3/11, p.A6)
2011        Nov 2, Police used tear gas and “flash bang" grenades on a large crowd of demonstrators that lit a massive bonfire in the streets of downtown Oakland, Calif.,  in a conflict following a day of action that saw the city’s port closed after demonstrators blocked it.
    (AP, 11/3/11)
2011        Nov 2, The US FDA said it has approved the Sapien heart valve made by Edwards Lifesciences, which can be threaded into place through a major artery from the leg to the heart. The study was soon halted after 5 of 34 patients getting Sapien died.
    (SFC, 11/3/11, p.A6)(SFC, 11/9/11, p.D4)
2011        Nov 2, NATO said it is pouring extra resources to set up an Afghan force to take over from private security firms after a report showed the Afghans are unlikely to be ready for the planned disbanding of private security companies in March.
    (AP, 11/2/11)
2011        Nov 2, An Argentine court convicted Colombian model Angie Sanclemente (31) of trafficking cocaine from Argentina to Europe. She was sentenced to six years and eight months in prison. Her Argentine boyfriend, Nicolas Gualco, and his uncle were given the same sentence following the guilty verdicts.
    (AP, 11/2/11)
2011        Nov 2, In Argentina a bus crash killed six schoolgirls and two teachers and injured 35 people. Witnesses reported that the driver of a bus carrying students and teachers was listening to music over earphones when he crossed in front of a train. The driver jumped from the bus to save himself and left his passengers behind.
    (AP, 11/3/11)
2011        Nov 2, Fazle Hasan Abed, the founder of an anti-poverty group in Bangladesh (BRAC) received the $500,000 education prize awarded by Qatar's Sheik Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani.
    (AP, 11/2/11)
2011        Nov 2, Bangladesh and Russia signed a deal to build a nuclear power plant in the energy-starved South Asian nation.
    (AP, 11/2/11)
2011        Nov 2, UK shale gas firm Cuadrilla Resources said exploration work triggered small tremors at its drill site near Blackpool in northwest England earlier this year, as activists scaled a rig protesting against its gas recovery methods.
    (Reuters, 11/2/11)
2011        Nov 2, WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange lost his appeal against extradition to Sweden to answer sex crime allegations, but said he will now consider whether to take his protracted fight to Britain's highest court.
    (AP, 11/2/11)
2011        Nov 2, Josip Boljkovac (89), Croatia's former interior minister (1990-1991), was arrested over accusations that he ordered mass killings of anti-communists soon after the end of World War II. He and two other former ranking Croatian officials have been under investigation for alleged murders in 1945 and 1946 of soldiers and sympathizers of Croatia's Ustasha Nazi puppet regime that ruled during the war.
    (AP, 11/2/11)
2011        Nov 2, An Egyptian government newspaper reported that the justice ministry has agreed to a constitutional amendment to allow millions of Egyptians living abroad to vote in parliamentary elections. An estimated 8 million Egyptians lived abroad, many of them in other Arab countries, out of a total population of 80 million. The ruling generals announced the pardon of 334 civilians who were sentenced in military tribunals since the uprising that toppled Pres. Mubarek.
    (AFP, 11/2/11)(SFC, 11/3/11, p.A2)
2011        Nov 2, Arab foreign ministers met anew in Cairo to step up pressure on Syria to end nearly eight months of deadly violence. Gunmen stormed a factory in Syria’s province of Homs killing 10 workers while security forces shot dead 4 civilians in several Homs neighborhoods. Damascus pledged to withdraw its forces from protest centers under a plan put forth by the Arab league. Not timetable was set.
    (AFP, 11/2/11)(AFP, 11/3/11)
2011        Nov 2, France's PM Sarkozy condemned an apparent overnight arson attack that destroyed the offices of Charlie Hebdo (Charb) weekly, satirical French newspaper that had "invited" the Prophet Muhammad as a guest editor this week.
    (AP, 11/2/11)
2011        Nov 2, Transparency Int’l., a Berlin-based campaigning group, published an update of its 2008 Bribe Payers Index. Russia and China scored worst. The index ranked 28 countries accounting for 80% of global trade and investment.
    (Econ, 11/5/11, p.72)
2011        Nov 2, In Iraq a triple bombing in the southern oil port city of Basra killed seven people sitting at nearby cafes.
    (AP, 11/3/11)
2011        Nov 2, Israel's education ministry said it has shut down a religious high school in an ultranationalist settlement in the West Bank and has cut off funding to an adult seminary there, saying students and staff have been involved in violence against Palestinians and the Israeli military.
    (AP, 11/2/11)
2011        Nov 2, Ivory Coast Ivory, the world's biggest cocoa producer, said it will reintroduce minimum price guarantees for farmers after a decade of liberalization in the sector.
    (AFP, 11/3/11)
2011        Nov 2, Japan restarted its first nuclear reactor since the Fukushima disaster in March, in a boost to its beleaguered atomic power industry faced with a deeply skeptical public.
    (AFP, 11/2/11)
2011        Nov 2, Kenyan military spokesman Maj. Emmanuel Chirchir said that military planes would target and attack weapons flown into the Somali town of Baidoa so they cannot be used. A July UN report said illicit flights with weapons or fighters for Somali militants could be originating from Eritrea, Yemen or the United Arab Emirates. The report also said Eritrea gives about $80,000 a month to al-Shabab-linked individuals in Nairobi.
    (AP, 11/2/11)
2011        Nov 2, Madagascar's new PM Omer Beriziky (61) took office as part of a deal meant to take the Indian Ocean island nation towards elections after years of political crisis.
    (AFP, 11/2/11)
2011        Nov 2, Mexican Mayor Ricardo Guzman (45) of La Piedad, Michoacan state, was shot dead while campaigning for President Felipe Calderon's sister in her run for the governorship. 3 women, a teenage girl and a 7-year-old boy were killed when gunmen ambushed them as they were riding in a pickup truck on a dirt road in the town of El Rosario, Sinaloa state.
    (AP, 11/2/11)(AP, 11/3/11)
2011        Nov 2, Mozambique state media said lynch mobs killed two people over the weekend accused of being witches. Police reportedly arrested six people for the killings.
    (AFP, 11/2/11)
2011        Nov 2, The Pakistani cabinet approved a proposal granting India the status of "most favored nation" in a move towards normalizing trade relations between the two nuclear-armed arch rivals. The decision reciprocates India's move to grant MFN status to Pakistan in 1996.
    (AFP, 11/2/11)
2011        Nov 2, In Pakistan a bomb attack wounded 13 people, targeting Malik Taj, an influential Khyber tribal elder, on the outskirts of the northwestern city of Peshawar.
    (AFP, 11/2/11)
2011        Nov 2, The Philippines, one of the world's largest labor exporters, announced a ban on the deployment of workers to 41 countries, including war-torn Afghanistan and booming India, where Filipino officials say there are inadequate protections against labor abuse. Nearly 10 percent of the Philippine population of 94 million work abroad.
    (AP, 11/2/11)
2011        Nov 2, Police in Puerto Rico reportedly stopped an erratic driver and seized $500,000 in cash during the routine traffic stop.
    (AP, 11/2/11)
2011        Nov 2, A Syrian security official said Syria has arrested Wael Abbas, a top suspect in the kidnapping of 7 Estonians, freed four months after their abduction in Lebanon, and handed him over to Beirut.
    (AFP, 11/2/11)
2011        Nov 2, The Thai government said the flood disaster has now killed 427 people, an increase of 42 from the figure reported a day earlier. While drowning was the most common cause of death, dozens have also been electrocuted. Suspected Muslim insurgents in southern Thailand killed six civilians in a bomb attack on their vehicle in the south.
    (AFP, 11/2/11)(AP, 11/2/11)
2011        Nov 2, In Turkey regional leaders pledged to find ways to improve security and economic development in Afghanistan as international combat forces prepared to leave by the end of 2014. Afghan President Hamid Karzai and his Pakistani counterpart, Asif Ali Zardari, discussed a joint inquiry into the Sept. 20 killing by a suicide bomber of Burhanuddin Rabbani, a former Afghan president and peace council leader.
    (AP, 11/2/11)
2011        Nov 2, In Venezuela inmates rioting at a jail attacked other prisoners, killing 8, and took 5 police officers hostage inside the jail in the city of San Cristobal, capital of Tachira state.
    (AP, 11/3/11)
2011        Nov 2, In Yemen at least 10 people were killed and 43 others wounded in renewed clashes between government forces and tribesmen in Taez.
    (AFP, 11/2/11)

2011        Nov 3, US Republicans in the Senate dealt President Barack Obama the third in a string of defeats on his stimulus-style jobs agenda, blocking a $60 billion measure for building and repairing infrastructure like roads and rail lines.
    (AP, 11/3/11)
2011        Nov 3, The US Dept. of Energy reported that the world pumped some 564 million tons more of carbon into the air in 2010 than it did in 2009, a 6% increase.
    (SFC, 11/4/11, p.A3)
2011        Nov 3, Two Afghan guards were killed when suicide bombers and attackers besieged the offices of a logistics firm working with NATO forces outside Herat city. 5 insurgents died in the attack.
    (AFP, 11/3/11)(SFC, 11/4/11, p.A4)
2011        Nov 3, It was reported that the discovery of a single sauropod vertebra on James Ross Island in Antarctica reveals that these behemoths, which included Diplodocus, Brachiosaurus and Apatosaurus, lived on the continent about 100 million years ago.
    (www.livescience.com/16883-sauropod-dinosaur-fossil-antarctica.html)
2011        Nov 3, GlaxoSmithKline Plc said it has agreed in principle to settle several long-standing disputes with the US government over the way it marketed and developed drugs, at a cost of $3 billion (1 billion pound), which is covered by existing provisions. It includes a Department of Justice investigation into the company's controversial diabetes drug Avandia, which has been linked to heart risks.
    (Reuters, 11/3/11)
2011        Nov 3, Chinese state media reported that a Buddhist nun, identified as Qiu Xiang (35), has died after setting herself on fire, in the 11th case of self-immolation among Tibetans in western China in recent months.
    (AP, 11/3/11)
2011        Nov 3, Chinese rescuers began battling against the clock to save coal miners trapped underground in Henan province after a sudden explosion of rocks killed 8 of their colleagues. The rock burst in Henan happened moments after a 2.9 magnitude earthquake shook Sanmenxia city, where the mine is located. 52 miners were rescued over the next 2 days. Day later 2 miners died from their wounds raising the death toll to 10.
    (AP, 11/4/11)(AP, 11/5/11)(AFP, 11/8/11)
2011        Nov 3, Ivar Noergaard (89), former Danish Economy Minister, died. He had negotiated his country's 1973 entry into the European Union.
    (AP, 11/4/11)
2011        Nov 3, Egypt's military rulers triggered a new public outcry with a proposal that critics saw as an attempt to enshrine a supreme political role for themselves in a new constitution.
    (AP, 11/3/11)
2011        Nov 3, French President Nicolas Sarkozy branded Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu "a liar" in a private conversation with US President Barack Obama that was accidentally broadcast to journalists during the G20 summit in Cannes.
    (Reuters, 11/8/11)
2011        Nov 3, Officials close to the Greek PM Papandreou said he has scrapped his plan to hold a referendum on the latest European debt deal for Greece after the main opposition leader said would back it. A spokesman for Greece's government says it is prepared to discuss an opposition demand for the creation of a transitional government to approve the latest European bailout deal and secure the next installment of rescue loans for the country.
    (AP, 11/3/11)
2011        Nov 3, In Iraq a pair of near-simultaneous bombings killed 5 security guards who were waiting in line to pick up their paychecks outside an Iraqi military base near Baqouba. 26 people were wounded. The dead all were members of Sahwa, or Awakening Councils, Sunni militia that sided with US forces against al-Qaida in a major turning point of the war. A roadside bomb exploded in Baghdad's neighborhood of Karradah, killing two passers-by. Police who rushed to the scene were hit with a second blast, killing two policemen and wounding three others. An American service member was killed while conducting military operations in northern Iraq.
    (AP, 11/3/11)(AP, 11/4/11)(AFP, 11/5/11)
2011        Nov 3, Top UN envoy to Iraq, Martin Kobler, offered to broker the peaceful closing of out of Camp Ashraf, a camp of Iranian exiles, before the government in Baghdad forces its residents out at the end of the year.
    (AP, 11/3/11)
2011        Nov 3, Catholic Ireland announced that it is closing its embassy to the Vatican. Dublin's foreign ministry said the embassy was being closed because "it yields no economic return" and that relations would be continued with an ambassador in Dublin.
    (Reuters, 11/4/11)
2011        Nov 3, Malaysia’s deputy national police chief Khalid Abu Bakar said a decision to halt the three-year-old "Seksualiti Merdeka" (Sexuality Freedom) festival set for November 9-13 has come after Muslims called for it to be banned. Organizers slammed the move as proof of the repression homosexuals face in the socially conservative Muslim country.
    (AFP, 11/3/11)
2011        Nov 3, In Mexico groups of heavily armed men fired hundreds of shots at each other in the streets of the border city of Ciudad Juarez, leaving at least six combatants dead.
    (AP, 11/4/11)
2011        Nov 3, In central Nigeria an attack took place on a church in Tabak, a village near Zonkwa, Kaduna state, leaving 2 people dead and 12 others were injured. Residents angered by the attack rioted into the next day.
    (AP, 11/4/11)
2011        Nov 3, In Northern Ireland Liam Adams (56), a brother of Sinn Fein leader Gerry Adams, was sent to jail after he was arraigned on 18 charges of raping and indecently assaulting one of his daughters. He had fled Belfast in 2008 after police charged him with repeatedly abusing his daughter Aine when she was aged 4 to 10.
    (AP, 11/3/11)
2011        Nov 3, Pakistan cricket authorities said they were more determined to eradicate corruption from the game after three of their key players were sentenced in London to jail in a corruption case. Former Test captain Salman Butt received 30 months, fast bowler Mohammad Asif received one year in jail and Mohammad Aamer (19) was jailed for six months.
    (AFP, 11/3/11)
2011        Nov 3, In Pakistan a suspected US drone fired two missiles at a house in the North Waziristan tribal region, killing two insurgents from the Haqqani network.
    (AP, 11/3/11)
2011        Nov 3, Palestinians said Israel has carried out its threat to suspend transfer of tax payments totaling some $100 million to the Palestinians Authority to protest this week's admission of Palestine to the United Nations' cultural agency. 2 Palestinian men were reported killed in clashes with Israeli forces.
    (AP, 11/3/11)
2011        Nov 3, The Philippine government and Muslim rebels agreed to continue peace talks despite the Oct 18 clashes that killed 19 soldiers in a southern province.
    (AP, 11/3/11)
2011        Nov 3, Saudi authorities said nearly 2.5 million Muslims have gathered in Mecca ahead of the annual 5-day hajj pilgrimage, which begins Nov 5.
    (AP, 11/3/11)
2011        Nov 3, Somali pirates freed the MV Blida an Algerian-owned ship with 25 crew members onboard after 10 months of captivity. The Blida was seized on Jan 1.
    (AP, 11/3/11)
2011        Nov 3, Wildlife group WWF said rhino poaching in South Africa has hit a new record high, with 341 of the animals lost to poachers so far this year as black-market demand for rhino horn soars.
    (AFP, 11/3/11)
2011        Nov 3, South Korean police fired water cannons to disperse more than 2,000 protesters who were trying to break into the National Assembly as lawmakers debated a free trade deal with the United States. Protesters said the free trade agreement would subjugate South Korea's economy and ruin their livelihoods.
    (AP, 11/3/11)
2011        Nov 3, Sudan said its army has captured the key rebel stronghold of Kurmuk in the country's war-torn border state of Blue Nile.
    (AFP, 11/3/11)
2011        Nov 3, Syrian troops killed at least 18 people in a security crackdown in Homs.
    (AP, 11/4/11)
2011        Nov 3, Ugandan militiamen, known as ADF-NALU, launched an overnight attack on a military base in Mukakira, eastern Congo, in an attempt to free detained leaders. Nine of the attackers were killed, along with two Congolese soldiers.
    (AP, 11/3/11)
2011        Nov 3, In Vietnam an Interpol meeting in Hanoi unveiled a campaign to help save the world's last wild tigers in the 13 Asian countries where they still exist, winning praise from conservationists.
    (AP, 11/3/11)
2011        Nov 3, Human Rights Watch said Chinese mining companies in Zambia ignore labor protections, demanding up to 18 hours of labor a day and flouting health and safety rules.
    (AFP, 11/3/11)
2011        Nov 3, The Zimbabwean government, the United Nations and other Western donors launched an $85 million education fund aimed at improving education in the country's secondary schools.
    (AP, 11/3/11)

2011        Nov 4, Texas mother Julianne McCrery (42) pleaded guilty to killing her 6-year-old son in New Hampshire and disposing of his body in rural Maine. A prosecutor said the woman smothered her son with motel room pillows and the child struggled against her for "about three minutes" before he died. On Jan 13, 2012, McCrery was sentenced to 45 years in prison.
    (AP, 11/4/11)(AP, 1/13/12)
2011        Nov 4, Groupon (GRPN), an online daily deal company, went public in an IPO at $20 per share and closed $26.11.
    (SFC, 11/5/11, p.D1)
2011        Nov 4, Andy Rooney (b.1919), writer and "60 Minutes" commentator, died, only a month after delivering his 1,097th and final televised commentary. His books included "Their Conqueror's Peace: A Report to the American Stockholders" (1947), documenting offenses against the Germans by occupying forces.
    (AP, 11/5/11)
2011        Nov 4, NATO said US Major General Peter Fuller, deputy commander of NATO's mission to train and equip Afghan forces, has been dismissed after making "inappropriate public comments." He had accused leaders including President Hamid Karzai of being out of touch and ungrateful for American support.
    (AFP, 11/4/11)
2011        Nov 4, British Airways owner IAG said it has agreed to buy Lufthansa's UK unit bmi in a bid to squeeze more growth from its capacity constrained Heathrow hub and expand services to emerging markets in Asia and Latin America.
    (Reuters, 11/4/11)
2011        Nov 4, At least seven people were killed and 51 injured, in one of the biggest British motorway crashes in decades, with an inferno burning vehicles to cinders on the M5 near Taunton. Police expected the death toll to rise. Police said smoke from a fireworks display may be linked to the 34-car pile-up.
    (AFP, 11/5/11)(AP, 11/6/11)
2011        Nov 4, The Anglo-American mining firm agreed to pay the Oppenheimer family $5.1 billion for their 40% stake in De Beers, the world’s leading diamond miner.
    (Econ, 11/12/11, p.73)
2011        Nov 4, A Cambodian court sentenced American James D'Agostino (56), a volunteer doctor at a children's hospital in the Cambodian capital, to four years in prison on charges of sexually abusing a 15-year-old boy.
    (AP, 11/4/11)
2011        Nov 4, In Colombia Alfonso Cano (63), FARC leader from Bogota's middle class, was felled by three bullets. Cano, born as Guillermo Leon Saenz, was killed in a remote area of the southwestern state of Cauca along with three other rebels, two men and a woman, hours after his hideout in forested hills was bombed. Troops recovered seven computers and 39 thumb drives belonging to Cano as well as a stash of cash.
    (AP, 11/5/11)
2011        Nov 4, Farid al-Dib, lawyer for the family of Hosni Mubarak, said in a published interview that $340 million held in Swiss banks by the two sons of the ousted Egyptian president, and frozen there, are "legal profits" from consulting abroad.
    (AFP, 11/4/11)
2011        Nov 4, G20 nations, meeting in France, pledged to fight cross-border tax evasion under an agreement, which supporters say could raise tens of billions of dollars at a time when indebted European nations are scrambling for more revenue. Eurozone leaders accepted that a member could default and leave the euro.
    (AP, 11/4/11)(Econ, 11/12/11, p.62)
2011        Nov 4, In Germany Uwe Boehnhardt (34) and Uwe Mundlos (38), founders of the National Socialist Underground, died in an apparent murder-suicide as authorities closed in on them in Eisenach. Beate Zschape, their female comrade, turned herself in after torching the group’s home in Zwicke, Saxony. The NSU allegedly killed 10 people from 2000 to 2007 while its members were being sought for other crimes.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Socialist_Underground)(Eon, 11/19/11, p.57)(AP, 9/16/12)
2011        Nov 4, In India senior police officer D.D. Misra alleged that the government of India's most populous state, Uttar Pradesh was the "most corrupt regime ever," before going on to accuse chief minister Mayawati and top bureaucrats of graft. He was sent to a mental hospital after making the accusations of corruption.
    (AFP, 11/5/11)
2011        Nov 4, In India the English rendering of Odisha state was officially changed from Orissa to Odisha.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Odisha)
2011        Nov 4, In Iraq Sunni widow Suad al-Obaidi (47) was arrested along with her allegedly Al-Qaeda boyfriend, after attacks on anti-Qaeda Sahwa (Awakening) militia in Diyala province a day earlier. Her boyfriend had convinced her to send her little boy (9) on a suicide mission, December 29, 2006, and then failed to stop the attack after she had a change of heart.
    (AFP, 11/4/11)
2011        Nov 4, Israeli naval vessels intercepted two protest boats on their way to Gaza to try to break Israel's blockade. Commandos boarded the Irish-flagged Saoirse (Freedom) and the Canadian ship Tahrir (Arabic for Liberation) in international waters off Gaza before the navy escorted them to the port of Ashdod.
    (AP, 11/4/11)(AFP, 11/5/11)
2011        Nov 4, The International Monetary Fund awarded a $616 million loan to Ivory Coast to help revive its economy devastated by post-election violence.
    (AFP, 11/4/11)
2011        Nov 4, Japan agreed to give TEPCO, the operator of the stricken Fukushima nuclear power plant, $11.5 billion to help it pay compensation to those affected by the worst atomic disaster in 25 years.
    (AFP, 11/4/11)
2011        Nov 4, Lebanon’s PM Najib Mikati confirmed in a broadcast interview that opposition figures from neighboring Syria had been kidnapped in Lebanon, but said they were isolated incidents.
    (AFP, 11/4/11)
2011        Nov 4, Liberia’s Winston Tubman said he and his running mate, soccer star George Weah, will boycott the Nov 8 runoff because they are not convinced the process will be fair.
    (AP, 11/5/11)
2011        Nov 4, In Mexico gunmen opened fire on a group of volleyball players in the drug violence-plagued state of Sinaloa, killing eight people and wounding at least seven. Federal police said they detained the second of three alleged leaders of a drug gang locked in a fierce battle for control of the Pacific resort city of Acapulco.
    (AP, 11/4/11)
2011        Nov 4, Myanmar's President Thein Sein signed new legislation on political parties seen as encouraging Nobel laureate Aung San Suu Kyi's National League for Democracy to reregister as a party.
    (AP, 11/4/11)
2011        Nov 4, In Nigeria an attack started with a car bomb exploding outside a three-story building used as a military office and barracks in Damaturu, capital of Yobe state, with many uniformed security agents dying in the blast. Gunmen then went through the town, blowing up a First Bank PLC branch and attacking at least three police stations and some churches. Gunfire continued through the night and gunmen raided the village of Potiskum near the capital as well, leaving at least two people dead there. Another bombing alongside a road in Maiduguri killed four people. Suicide bombers driving a black SUV detonated outside a military base. At least 150 people died over the next 24 hours in the wave of bombings and shootings.
    (AP, 11/5/11)(AFP, 11/6/11)
2011        Nov 4, In Russia thousands of far-right nationalists and neo-Nazis marched through Moscow to call for ethnic Russians to "take back" Russia, as resentment grows over dark-complexioned Muslim migrants from Russia's Caucasus and the money the Kremlin sends to those restive regions.
    (AP, 11/4/11)
2011        Nov 4, In Russia an international crew of researchers walked out of a set of windowless modules in Moscow after a grueling 520-day simulation of a flight to Mars. The all-male crew consisted of three Russians, a Frenchman, an Italian-Colombian and a Chinese.
    (AP, 11/4/11)
2011        Nov 4, Syrian security forces killed at least 15 people after thousands of protesters took to the streets, charging that President Bashar Assad never intended to abide by an Arab League plan to end violence.
    (AP, 11/4/11)(AP, 11/5/11)
2011        Nov 4, Uganda withdrew all corruption charges against former vice-president Gilbert Bukenya, ending one of the country's highest-profile graft cases. Bukenya, who was sacked in May, was facing two charges of abuse of office and one charge of fraud over accusations that he profited from a $3.7 million deal to supply vehicles for use in the 2007 Commonwealth summit in Kampala.
    (AFP, 11/4/11)
2011        Nov 4, Venezuela's broadcast regulatory agency announced more confiscations of equipment from radio stations suspected of operating without licenses, a day after seizures at three other stations.
    (AP, 11/4/11)
2011        Nov 4, Yemen’s 25th Mechanized Brigade fired artillery shells at an area in Zinjibar's east killing five Al-Qaeda militants.
    (AFP, 11/4/11)

2011        Nov 5, In Oklahoma a 5.6-magnitude earthquake hit the state with the epicenter located 44 miles east of Oklahoma City. It was felt as far away as Wisconsin and South Carolina, but there were no serious injuries. The largest earthquake previously recorded in Oklahoma was a 5.5-magnitude tremor in 1952.
    (Reuters, 11/6/11)
2011        Nov 5, Penn State assistant coach Jerry Sandusky (67) was arrested for 40 sex crimes against boys dating from 1994 to 2005. All of the boys were under the care of the Second Mile Foundation, a charity that Sandusky founded in 1977.
    (SFC, 11/9/11, p.A12)(http://tinyurl.com/864sytk)
2011        Nov 5, Bahrain released Zulfiqar Naji (17), an Iraqi football player, as a goodwill gesture to mark a key Muslim holiday. Naji, who played on the junior team for Bahraini club Al Muharraq, was seized from a home in April on suspicion of participating in protests against the Sunni monarchy. Bahrain said it has released more than 300 prisoners in honor of Eid al-Adha.
    (AP, 11/5/11)
2011        Nov 5, A 5.7 earthquake struck near Chile’s port city of Antofagasta.
    (SSFC, 11/6/11, p.A4)
2011        Nov 5, The ruling junta of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) designated Timoleon Jimenez (52) as its new chief. The announcement was made public 10 days later. The US government has offered a $5 million reward for Jimenez, and Colombia's government is offering another $2.6 million for his capture.
    (AP, 11/15/11)
2011        Nov 5, In northwest Colombia a landslide caused by heavy rains left at least 29 people dead and 20-40 more missing in the city of Manizales, Caldas state.
    (AP, 11/5/11)(AP, 11/6/11)
2011        Nov 5, Greece's PM George Papandreou won an early morning confidence vote and launched efforts to form a coalition government to run the country for the next four months, arguing the move is vital to securing a mammoth new debt deal and demonstrating commitment to remaining in the eurozone.
    (AP, 11/5/11)
2011        Nov 5, In Iraq four bombs at the Taji home of anti-Qaeda militia leader Yassin Issa Daud, killed five people and wounded 13 others. Border police Brigadier General Mohammed Jalil Mansur was shot dead with a silenced weapon while driving near Al-Shaab football stadium in eastern Baghdad. A magnetic sticky bomb on a minibus in the Sadr City area of Baghdad killed one person and wounded five others.
    (AFP, 11/5/11)
2011        Nov 5, Israel freed six of 27 passengers and crew who were aboard two ships intercepted by its navy while trying to breach the Jewish state's blockade on the Hamas-run Gaza Strip. The six released included an Israeli Arab, two Greek crewmen and three journalists -- from Egypt, Spain and the United States. Israeli air strikes on the Gaza Strip killed an Islamic Jihad militant and wounded three other Palestinians.
    (AFP, 11/5/11)(AFP, 11/6/11)
2011        Nov 5, Italy’s Premier Silvio Berlusconi said improper construction in flood plains was partly to blame for devastating floods that have killed at least 6 people in the port city of Genoa. Tens of thousands of opposition activists demonstrated in Rome for the ouster of Berlusconi.
    (AP, 11/5/11)(SSFC, 11/6/11, p.A4)
2011        Nov 5, In Kenya attackers threw a grenade at a house inside a compound of the East African Pentecostal Church in Garissa late in the day, killing two people living inside.
    (AFP, 11/6/11)
2011        Nov 5, In Mexico Juan Francisco Sillas Rocha (34), who allegedly reported directly to the head of the Arellano Felix cartel, shot and wounded two unidentified rivals driving through Tijuana. Police and soldiers captured him after cordoning off the area.
    (AP, 11/8/11)
2011        Nov 5, A Pakistani government prosecutor said a court has indicted two more suspects in the 2007 killing of former PM Benazir Bhutto. 2 police officers were charged with failing to provide Bhutto with proper security and with destroying evidence. 5 alleged Taliban militants were also indicted. A suicide bomber targeting the country's Shiite minority killed himself in a premature explosion in the southwest.
    (AFP, 11/5/11)
2011        Nov 5, In Saudi Arabia millions of Muslims began their annual hajj pilgrimage by climbing a rocky desert hill outside Mecca. The ascent of Arafat is the first event associated with the five-day hajj.
    (AP, 11/5/11)
2011        Nov 5, A South Korean official said 21 North Koreans were found in a boat drifting in South Korean waters this week, the largest such arrival in nine months.
    (AP, 11/5/11)
2011        Nov 5, Sri Lanka warned websites to register with the authorities after the United States expressed deep concern over Colombo's blocking of a popular Internet-based dissident publication.
    (AFP, 11/5/11)
2011        Nov 5, Syrian activists reported more violence, including tank shelling, in the restive central city of Homs. Nabil Elaraby, head of the Arab League, warned that the failure of an Arab-brokered plan to end the violence in Syria would have disastrous consequences.
    (AP, 11/5/11)

2011        Nov 6, In the northeast US tens of thousands remained without power 8 days after the Oct 29 snowstorm, including some 88,000 in Connecticut.
    (SFC, 11/7/11, p.A5)
2011        Nov 6, In Washington state Julia Biryukova told investigators that her 2-year-old son, Sky Metalwala, vanished in Bellevue after she left him sleeping in her unlocked car after she ran out of gas. Police found that there was enough gas to run a considerable distance.
    (SFC, 11/9/11, p.A6)(SFC, 11/10/11, p.A10)
2011        Nov 6, Afghan Pres. Karzai met with Australian PM Julia Gillard, who made an unannounced trip to the country. In the north 2 suicide bombers targeted worshippers on a key Muslim festival, killing seven, including two local police commanders of Old Baghlan City. A roadside bomb ripped through a police vehicle in the south, killing a district police chief and two of his bodyguards.
    (AP, 11/6/11)(AFP, 11/7/11)
2011        Nov 6, In Brazil cameraman Gelson Domingos (46) was hit in the chest by a rifle shot while covering the police confrontation with gang members at the Antares slum in Rio's west side. Domingos died despite wearing a bulletproof vest.
    (AP, 11/6/11)
2011        Nov 6, CongoDRC opposition leader Etienne Tshisekedi (79), while visiting in South Africa, proclaimed himself president and ordered his followers to stage jailbreaks to free detained colleagues. Since the electoral campaign opened Oct. 28, Tshisekedi's supporters have had clashes, some deadly, with police and Kabila supporters in several towns.
    (AP, 11/12/11)
2011        Nov 6, In Egypt 11 Hungarian tourists were killed and 27 injured when their bus overturned in the Red Sea resort of Hurghada.
    (AFP, 11/6/11)
2011        Nov 6, Greece's embattled PM George Papandreou and main opposition leader agreed to form an interim government to ensure the country's new European debt deal, capping a week of political turmoil.
    (AP, 11/7/11)
2011        Nov 6, Guatemala held presidential elections. Retired general and former intelligence director Otto Perez Molina (61) of the conservative Patriotic Party won an easy victory, 54% to 46%, in a runoff race against tycoon-turned-political populist Manuel Baldizon of the Democratic Freedom Revival party.
    (AP, 11/7/11)
2011        Nov 6, In Iraq 3 bombs ripped through the sprawling Shorja market in Baghdad, killing eight people at the beginning of a Muslim religious holiday and just hours after the prime minister warned of Iraq's continued danger. A roadside bomb hit a security patrol in the northern city of Mosul, killing an Iraqi soldier.
    (AP, 11/6/11)
2011        Nov 6, Israeli President Shimon Peres warned that an attack on Iran is becoming increasingly likely, days before a report by the UN's nuclear watchdog on Iran's nuclear program is due.
    (AFP, 11/6/11)
2011        Nov 6, The websites of Israel's army and intelligence services were down today, two days after a hacker group appeared to threaten the Jewish state over its interception of a Gaza-bound flotilla.
    (AFP, 11/6/11)
2011        Nov 6, Japan's coastguard arrested the captain of a Chinese fishing boat that allegedly intruded into Japanese territorial waters.
    (AFP, 11/6/11)
2011        Nov 6, Nicaragua held presidential elections. On Nov 8 Daniel Ortega was declared the winner as he led with 63% of the votes, compared with 31% for his nearest challenger, Fabio Gadea. International election observers reported problems with access to voting stations.
    (AP, 11/7/11)(AP, 11/8/11)
2011        Nov 6, Niger's army intercepted a convoy of cars traveling south from Libya toward Mali, and a cache of arms was seized in the ensuing clash. Libyan nationals and ethnic Tuaregs were in the convoy. One Nigerien soldier was killed and four wounded during the clash.
    (AP, 11/9/11)
2011        Nov 6, In Nigeria gunmen suspected of being members of Boko Haram shot dead a police officer at his home as he returned from Eid morning prayers in Maiduguri.
    (AFP, 11/6/11)
2011        Nov 6, Oman state media reported that 4 crewmen died and five are still missing after an Indian ship sank in bad weather off its coast.
    (AFP, 11/6/11)
2011        Nov 6, In Saudi Arabia millions of Muslims stoned pillars representing the devil in a symbolic rejection of temptation on the second day of their annual hajj pilgrimage, a day that also marks the start of the Islamic holiday of Eid al-Adha. More than 2.9 million Muslims were performing the hajj this year.
    (AP, 11/6/11)
2011        Nov 6, In Sudan unidentified gunmen killed a UN peacekeeper and injured two others in an attack on a patrol in the war-ravaged Darfur region.
    (AFP, 11/7/11)
2011        Nov 6, Syrians in the restive region of Homs performed special prayers for a major Muslim holiday to the sound of explosions and gunfire as government troops pushed forward their assault on the area, killing at least 16 people. The Arab League called an emergency meeting on Syria's failure to implement its peace plan. Altogether 23 people were killed in today’s crackdown.
    (AP, 11/6/11)(AFP, 11/6/11)(AP, 11/7/11)
2011        Nov 6, Fishermen on a Taiwanese boat fought back against Somali pirates and freed themselves after a hijacking in the Indian Ocean. Some of the 28 crew on the Chin Yi Wen overcame the hijackers then the boat met up with British anti-piracy vessels nearby.
    (AP, 11/6/11)
2011        Nov 6, The death toll from Thailand's worst floods in half a century climbed past 500, as advancing pools of polluted black water threatened Bangkok's subway system and new evacuations were ordered in the sprawling capital.
    (AP, 11/6/11)
2011        Nov 6, Miss Venezuela, Ivian Sarcos, was crowned the 2011 winner of the Miss World beauty pageant at a glittering final ceremony in London.
    (AP, 11/7/11)
2011        Nov 6, Two Yemeni soldiers were reported killed in overnight clashes with suspected Al-Qaeda fighters near the militant stronghold of Zinjibar.
    (AFP, 11/6/11)
2011        Nov 6, Young supporters of Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe stoned and beat up backers of PM Morgan Tsvangirai, blocking a planned rally of his Movement for Democratic Change party.
    (AFP, 11/6/11)

2011        Nov 7, The Census Bureau, using a more sophisticated method to measure poverty rates, reported that it has found a record 49.1 million, or 16% of all Americans, living in poverty. In September the government reported that a record 46.6 million Americans were living in poverty.
    (Reuters, 11/7/11)
2011        Nov 7, Officials said US lawmakers have lifted a hold on nearly $200 million in aid to the Palestinians that had been suspended in response to the Palestinian bid for full UN membership.
    (AFP, 11/7/11)
2011        Nov 7, A federal judge gave final approval to a $410 million settlement in a class-action lawsuit affecting more than 13 million Bank of America customers who had debit card overdrafts during the past decade.
    (AP, 11/8/11)
2011        Nov 7, California pot suppliers filed lawsuits in federal court to halt the Obama administration’s campaign to close down their dispensaries, saying the survival of California’s medical marijuana law is at stake.
    (SFC, 11/8/11, p.C2)
2011        Nov 7, Dr. Conrad Murray, Michael Jackson's doctor, was convicted of involuntary manslaughter after a Los Angeles trial that painted him as a reckless caregiver who administered a lethal dose of a powerful anesthetic that killed the pop star.
    (AP, 11/7/11)
2011        Nov 7, US electricals retailer Best Buy Co Inc said it is buying its British partner, Carphone Warehouse Group Plc, out of a fast-growing US mobile phone joint venture for $1.3 billion (809.4 million pounds) and scrapping plans for a chain of European megastores. Best Buy and Carphone Warehouse said they are launching a mobile phone venture with Best Buy's Chinese partner Five Star and are in talks to enter other emerging markets together.
    (Reuters, 11/7/11)
2011        Nov 7, Dynegy, a Houston-based energy firm, announced bankruptcy in which bondholders and other lenders would lose 10% while shareholders, including Carl Icahn, retain full control of the firm.
    (Econ, 11/12/11, p.76)
2011        Nov 7, Joe Frazier (67), the boxer who first beat Muhammad Ali in March 1971, died in Philadelphia after a brief battle with liver cancer.
    (AP, 11/7/11)(Econ, 11/19/11, p.106)
2011        Nov 7, In Afghanistan six police officers were wounded when a suicide car bomber blew himself up when targeting the house of a local elder involved in efforts to make peace with the Taliban in Baghlan province. A roadside bomb killed 11 people mainly from one family in Badghis province.
    (AFP, 11/7/11)(AFP, 11/8/11)
2011        Nov 7, Officials from Bosnia, Croatia, Montenegro and Serbia, announced plans for a donors' conference to be held next year and raise the money needed to implement a five-year plan designed to close down all migrant centers and provide housing for some 74,000 people.
    (AP, 11/7/11)
2011        Nov 7, Chevron experienced an oil spill offshore from Rio de Janeiro at its N560 drilling operations. Chevron reportedly stopped the leakage in about 4 days.
    (http://tinyurl.com/6reqagd)(Econ, 12/31/11, p.23)(SSFC, 5/20/12, p.F7)
2011        Nov 7, The British Virgin Islands held elections. The main opposition party, The National Democratic Party, dominated parliamentary elections with nine of 13 parliamentary seats, putting party leader Orlando Smith, the islands' No. 1 politician, in line to be premier of the offshore corporate haven for the next four years.
    (AP, 11/9/11)
2011        Nov 7, In the CongoDRC the Nyamulagira volcano (also known as Nyamuragira) began an eruption that happens about every two years. It has been described as Africa’s most active volcano and has erupted over 40 times since 1885.
    (AFP, 11/9/11)(http://tinyurl.com/ckekoy5)
2011        Nov 7, The Republic of Congo launched a vast tree-planting program to guard against the twin scourges of deforestation and soil degradation that plague many African states.
    (AFP, 11/12/11)
2011        Nov 7, The French government unveiled its 2nd austerity plan in three months. This promised savings of €7 billion in 2012 in addition to €11 billion announced in August.
    (Econ, 11/12/11, p.59)
2011        Nov 7, France marked the resumption of security cooperation with Ivory Coast after a seven-year hiatus with the delivery of police vehicles in Abidjan.
    (AFP, 11/7/11)
2011        Nov 7, In Iraq Anbar officials considered joining other provinces to create a semi-autonomous Sunni region. The governor of Anbar province, Qasim al-Fahadawi, escaped unhurt after a roadside bomb hit his motorcade as it headed to Baghdad.
    (AP, 11/7/11)
2011        Nov 7, Israel was hit by a brief general strike that affected hospitals, banks, ports and the country's main international airport, but which ended after just four hours. Its scope was limited to four hours following an all-night session by the National Labour Court which met after the collapse of talks between the powerful Histadrut trades union and the finance ministry. The Histadrut has accused the government of massively increasing its use of contract workers and is demanding it offer hundreds of thousands of them coverage under the civil service's collective bargaining agreement.
    (AFP, 11/7/11)
2011        Nov 7, The Israeli military opened fire at a group of militants planting explosives along Gaza's border with Israel. Gaza health officials said tank shrapnel wounded three Palestinians, one of whom was in critical condition.
    (AP, 11/7/11)
2011        Nov 7, In Liberia violence broke out at the headquarters of the main opposition party and at least one person was killed, less than 24 hours before a presidential runoff vote that is being viewed as a test of the country's fragile peace after a devastating civil war.
    (AP, 11/7/11)
2011        Nov 7, In Mexico federal and state police searched an Acapulco prison before dawn. The search netted two peacocks, 100 fighting cocks, 19 prostitutes and two sacks filled with marijuana. Police also found dozens of televisions, several bottles of alcohol and knives.
    (AP, 11/7/11)
2011        Nov 7, In central Nigeria 16 people were killed after two buses crashed head-on into each other on a highway in Kogi state.
    (AP, 11/8/11)
2011        Nov 7, In Puerto Rico eight shackled prisoners drowned after a van they were being transported in was engulfed by muddy floodwaters in the northern coastal city of Arecibo. On Nov 10 prosecutors charged prison guard Hector Cruz Santiago with eight counts of negligent homicide over the drowning deaths of the inmates.
    (AP, 11/7/11)(AP, 11/10/11)
2011        Nov 7, Russia's Interior Ministry said police have arrested Anatoly Moskvin (45) of Nizhny Novgorod. Police said he had kept 29 mummified bodies at his apartment and dressed them up like dolls. The man reportedly had only selected the remains of young women for his grisly collection.
    (AP, 11/7/11)(SFC, 11/8/11, p.A2)
2011        Nov 7, In South Africa Greenpeace activists chained themselves to a gate and climbed a crane at the Kusile coal-fired power station to protest dependence on coal, weeks before the country hosts a global conference on climate change. 9 people were arrested.
    (AP, 11/7/11)(SFC, 11/8/11, p.A2)
2011        Nov 7, Sri Lanka officials said five news websites have been blocked because they committed character assassination and insulted people including key political leaders.
    (AP, 11/7/11)
2011        Nov 7, Syrian troops stormed a defiant neighborhood of the embattled city of Homs, kicking in doors and making arrests after nearly a week of violence pitting soldiers against army defectors and protesters demanding the downfall of President Bashar Assad. Activists said two people were killed in the city and the surrounding province, pushing the death toll from the past 24 hours to at least 18.
    (AP, 11/7/11)
2011        Nov 7, Yemeni security forces killed six militants and injured many others in fighting in the city of Zinjibar, the capital of the southern province of Abyan.
    (AFP, 11/7/11)

2011        Nov 8, A 1,300 foot-wide asteroid, known as 2005 YU55, passed within 201,700 miles of Earth. This was its closest approach in 200 years.
    (SFC, 11/9/11, p.A6)(Econ, 11/12/11, p.96)
2011        Nov 8, In Arizona Russell Pearce, architect of Arizona's anti-illegal immigration bill SB1070, became the first sitting state senate president to be recalled.
    (http://tinyurl.com/c5ocmg5)(Econ, 11/5/11, p.43)
2011        Nov 8, Cartoonist Bil Keane (b.1922) died at his home in Arizona. His "Family Circus" comics entertained readers with a simple but sublime mix of humor and traditional family values for more than a half century.
    (AP, 11/9/11)
2011        Nov 8, San Francisco’s Interim Mayor Ed Lee was elected mayor under the city’s new ranked choice voting system, becoming the first Chinese-American to be elected as SF mayor.
    (SFC, 11/10/11, p.A1)
2011        Nov 8, Georgia voters in 105 of 127 voted to end a century-old ban on the sale of alcohol on Sundays. 
    (SFC, 11/12/11, p.A8)
2011        Nov 8, An accident at the Idaho National Laboratory caused at least two workers to suffer internal exposure to plutonium.
    (SFC, 11/10/11, p.A10)
2011        Nov 8, In Springfield, Ill., a municipal water district employee encountered problems with the city’s water pump control system and a technician determined the system had been remotely hacked into from a computer located in Russia. It was later determined that the problem was caused by a plant contractor traveling in Russia.
    (SFC, 11/19/11, p.A7)(SSFC, 11/27/11, p.A13)
2011        Nov 8, Ohioans decisively rejected the state's collective-bargaining law night, repealing Republican Governor John Kasich's signature legislation in a referendum that could reverberate into 2012. SB5 would have prevent public-employee unions from collective bargaining, prohibited strikes and forced teachers, police offers and firefighters to contribute a set amount toward their health benefits and pensions.
    (AP, 11/8/11)
2011        Nov 8, Washington state voters approved plans to privatize the states 328 liquor outlets and open the business to warehouse stores and supermarkets.
    (Econ, 11/19/11, p.43)
2011        Nov 8, Activision released the video game “Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 3," developed Infinity Ward and Sledgehammer Games. It sold a record $750 million in its first five days.
    (Econ, 12/10/11, SR p.3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Call_of_Duty:_Modern_Warfare_3)
2011        Nov 8, In eastern Afghanistan up to 70 Taliban fighters were killed after trying to attack a foreign troop base in Paktika province. Mohammad Akbar, the governor of Sar Hawza district in Paktika, died in hospital after his car struck a roadside bomb in the province. A rogue Afghan soldier shot and wounded 3 Australian troops at a joint base at Charmistan, Uruzgan province. In February, 2012, a Taliban video had Mohammed Roozi talking about how he attacked Australian and Afghan soldiers at Patrol Base Nasir, saying he turned a machine gun and rocket launcher on them before going into hiding.
    (AFP, 11/9/11)(AFP, 2/10/12)
2011        Nov 8, Australia passed its controversial pollution tax in a sweeping and historic reform aimed at lowering carbon emissions blamed for climate change, after years of fierce debate.
    (AFP, 11/8/11)
2011        Nov 8, In Brazil students voted for the strike after police raided an administration building and arrested 70 students who were protesting police patrols on the campus of the University of Sao Paulo. Students complained they are subjected to random searches and intimidation by police on campus.
    (AP, 11/9/11)
2011        Nov 8, A British court ruled that Roman Catholic priests are equivalent to employees, a decision that could pave the way for victims of sexual abuse to win damages from the church.
    (AP, 11/8/11)
2011        Nov 8, In Cambodia Hun Hean, the former police chief of Banteay Meanchey, confessed to accepting over $100,000 in bribes during the final day of a corruption trial against him and four of his subordinates. On Nov 15, he was convicted and sentenced to 4 years in prison.
    (SFC, 1/6/12, p.A3)(http://tinyurl.com/7lwyk7x)
2011        Nov 8, Diplomats said Eritrea's president has asked for a personal hearing before the UN Security Council in a bid to head off new sanctions over alleged support for Somalia's Islamist rebels.
    (AFP, 11/8/11)
2011        Nov 8, A French court ruled that the News of the World had violated the privacy of former world motorsport chief Max Mosley when it published photographs of him in a sadomasochistic orgy. The court fined Rupert Murdoch's News Group, publisher of the now-defunct tabloid, 10,000 euros ($13,800) and ordered it to pay 7,000 euros in damages for violating Mosley's privacy, but said there was no defamation. Mosley (71) had already won a case in a British court against News Group, after the News of the World published a front-page story in March 2008 entitled "F1 boss has sick Nazi orgy with 5 hookers."
    (AFP, 11/8/11)
2011        Nov 8, In Guatemala drug trafficker Elio Lorenzana Cordon, wanted for extradition to the United States, was captured outside Guatemala City by US and Guatemalan authorities.
    (AP, 11/8/11)
2011        Nov 8, Guinea outlawed all "public rallies" held without prior authorization, such as meetings or street markets. It came less than a week before a planned November 14 march in the capital by Guinean lawyers who accuse the Conakry governor of detaining three human rights activists including a lawyer since Nov 3.
    (AFP, 11/9/11)
2011        Nov 8, The Boston-based Institute for Justice and Democracy in Haiti said it has filed claims with the United Nations seeking damages on behalf of more than 5,000 Haitian cholera victims and their families.
    (AP, 11/8/11)
2011        Nov 8, In northern India a stampede killed 16 Hindu pilgrims and injured about 50 during a religious ceremony on the banks of the Ganges River at Haridwar in Uttrakhand state.
    (AP, 11/8/11)
2011        Nov 8, Indonesian police said they had arrested a British-born man accused of molesting nine children following a tip-off from authorities in Britain. The 61-year-old man, who became an Indonesian citizen after changing his nationality, was also allegedly involved in an online child pornography network.
    (AFP, 11/8/11)
2011        Nov 8, In Iraq US forces handed Joint Base Balad, a sprawling base north of Baghdad that once housed some 36,000 personnel, over to Iraqi control.
    (AFP, 11/9/11)
2011        Nov 8, Israel’s Foreign Minister Avigdor Lieberman said only crippling sanctions against Iran's central bank and its oil and gas industries will force Tehran to halt its nuclear drive. The UN atomic agency said for the first time that Iran is suspected of conducting secret experiments whose sole purpose is the development of nuclear arms.
    (AFP, 11/8/11)(AP, 11/8/11)
2011        Nov 8, Italy’s PM Berlusconi offered a conditional resignation after he failed to reach a parliamentary majority in a key vote. He said he would step down if Parliament passes an austerity package demanded by the EU.
    (SFC, 11/9/11, p.A3)
2011        Nov 8, In Liberia Africa's first elected female president headed toward easy re-election with her sole opponent boycotting a runoff, and ignoring entreaties from the United States and the UN to participate in what observers said was a free and fair vote. Sirleaf won 90.8% of votes cast and Tubman 9%. Only 37.4% of 1.8 million registered voters cast their ballots.
    (AP, 11/8/11)(AFP, 11/11/11)
2011        Nov 8, Mexican police found the heads of two men in a residential area of Mexico City. Police found their bodies inside a stolen car nearby.
    (AP, 11/8/11)
2011        Nov 8, In Nicaragua two clashes among rival political groups killed four people and injured 12 following the Nov 6 presidential election.
    (AP, 11/10/11)
2011        Nov 8, In Nigeria it was reported that that nearly all the Christians and non-natives of Yobe state had fled their homes in Damaturu, the state capital, following Boko Haram attacks that killed more than 100 people.
    (AP, 11/8/11)
2011        Nov 8, Pakistan's President Asif Ali Zardari promised to work with the United States to "eradicate" the militant Haqqani network, a pledge made during a meeting with visiting American congressmen, according to one of the lawmakers. It was unclear whether Zardari had the power to make good on his pledge, given the influence of the military in Pakistan.
    (AP, 11/9/11)
2011        Nov 8, The Palestinian foreign minister admitted for the first time there is not enough support in the UN Security Council for recognition of a Palestinian state.
    (AP, 11/9/11)
2011        Nov 8, The Philippine justice secretary barred former President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo from seeking medical treatment abroad while she faces complaints of electoral cheating.
    (AP, 11/8/11)
2011        Nov 8, In Poland a transsexual woman and an openly gay man took seats in the newly elected parliament, historic firsts that reflect profound social change in this traditionally Roman Catholic country. Both belong to Palikot's Movement, a new progressive party that became the third-largest party in parliament in the Oct. 9 election.
    (AP, 11/8/11)
2011        Nov 8, Syrian activists reported that 20 people were killed across the country, including eight soldiers and 12 civilians, among them a child. The UN said the death toll from the eight-month Syrian uprising has reached 3,500.
    (AP, 11/8/11)(AFP, 11/9/11)
2011        Nov 8, The Syrian opposition urged authorities in neighboring Lebanon to act over reports that more than a dozen of their members in that country have been kidnapped.
    (AFP, 11/9/11)
2011        Nov 8, In South Korea Vietnam agreed to seek greater nuclear energy cooperation with South Korea, opening the way for its participation in a project to build atomic power plants at home.
    (AFP, 11/8/11)

2011        Nov 9, US federal officials said an Eastern European pack of cyber thieves, known as the Rove group, hijacked at least four million computers in over 100 countries, including at least half a million computers in the US, to make off with $14 million in "illegitimate income" before they were caught. The accused hackers, six Estonian nationals and a Russian national, rerouted the internet traffic illegally on the infected computers for the last four years in order to reap profits from internet advertisement deals.
    (ABCNews, 11/9/11)
2011        Nov 9, The DJIA fell 389 points as Italy’s borrowing costs soared and talks collapsed in Greece on forming a new government.
    (SFC, 11/10/11, p.D1)
2011        Nov 9, Alabama's Jefferson County, with debts of $4.2 billion, filed for bankruptcy court protection in the biggest municipal bankruptcy in US history.
    (Reuters, 11/10/11)(Econ, 12/3/11, p.89)
2011        Nov 9, In Berkeley, Ca., 7 people were arrested as police broke up student efforts to build an Occupy encampment on campus.
    (SFC, 11/10/11, p.C1)
2011        Nov 9, In Florida two offshore powerboat racers died after their catamaran went airborne at high speed at the opening of the Key West World Championship.
    (SFC, 11/10/11, p.A10)
2011        Nov 9, In Belize Larry Johnson (68), a retired chiropractor from New Mexico, was killed during a home invasion at the Iguana Creek Resort he owned, 60 miles west of Belize City. Police soon detained several people for questioning.
    (AP, 11/14/11)
2011        Nov 9, A Brazilian court said the construction of the Belo Monte dam can proceed without additional consultation with indigenous communities.
    (SFC, 11/10/11, p.A2)
2011        Nov 9, Thousands of students marched through London in the latest display of anger against the government's austerity measures, with large numbers of police aiming to prevent a repeat of violence and rioting seen last year.
    (Reuters, 11/9/11)
2011        Nov 9, An independent report recommended the Ealing Abbey monastery should no longer be allowed to run St. Benedict's School, a London Roman Catholic school where pupils were physically and sexually abused over several decades. Former St. Benedict's headmaster, the Rev. David Pearce, was jailed in 2009 for abusing boys at the school over a 35-year period.
    (AP, 11/9/11)
2011        Nov 9, In India a court sentenced 31 Hindus to life imprisonment for killing dozens of Muslims by setting a building on fire in early 2002 during one of India's worst rounds of communal violence.
    (AP, 11/9/11)
2011        Nov 9, President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad vowed that Iran won't retreat "one iota" from its nuclear program, denying claims that it seeks atomic weapons. Key ally Russia gave the Islamic Republic a major boost, rejecting tighter sanctions despite a UN watchdog report detailing suspected arms-related advances.
    (AP, 11/9/11)
2011        Nov 9, Iraq's PM Nuri al-Maliki called on members of Saddam Hussein's former Baath party to declare their rejection of the party in writing, and threatened prosecution if they do not.
    (AFP, 11/9/11)
2011        Nov 9, Israeli warplanes raided the Gaza Strip after a rocket was fired at southern Israel. Three Palestinian cars were set ablaze overnight in the West Bank village of Beit Omar near Hebron and a house sprayed with graffiti. Hardline Jewish settlers have adopted what they call a "price tag" policy under which they have attacked mainly Palestinians and their property in response to Israeli government measures against settlements.
    (AFP, 11/9/11)
2011        Nov 9, Financial markets pounded Italy sending a clear message that they want Premier Silvio Berlusconi out immediately despite his plan to stick around a little longer.
    (AP, 11/9/11)
2011        Nov 9, Japan’s Toyota Motor Corp. said it is recalling about 550,000 vehicles worldwide, mostly in the United States, for problems that could make it harder to steer. Toyota has received a total of 79 reports about the defect dating back to 2007, but there have been no reports of accidents or injuries related to the problems.
    (AP, 11/9/11)
2011        Nov 9, In Mexico the decapitated body of a man was left at the same monument in Nuevo Laredo where the corpse of a woman, purportedly killed in retaliation for her postings on an anti-crime website, had been left previously. A photo of the scene indicates the man was killed for reporting criminals on social media sites. The naked bodies of six men and a woman were found on an outdoor basketball court outside the city of Durango. In Acapulco police found the decapitated bodies of a man and a woman inside an abandoned taxi. Soldiers in Culiacan detained Ovidio Limon Sanchez (48), a top operator for the powerful Sinaloa drug cartel.
    (AP, 11/9/11)(AP, 11/10/11)
2011        Nov 9, Human Rights Watch released an investigative report that accused the Mexican government of torture, forced disappearances and extra-judicial killings in its war against organized crime. HRW presented evidence of the police and army’s role in 24 extrajudicial killings, 39 disappearances and 170 cases of torture since December 2006.
    (AP, 11/9/11)(Econ, 11/12/11, p.46)
2011        Nov 9, In Nigeria organizers said secret police in Nigeria have detained Wale Ajani, who was helping organize a planned hunger strike over the possible removal of fuel subsidies. In the northeast suspected members of the Boko Haram radical Muslim sect killed two civilians in a police station blast in Mainok.
    (AP, 11/9/11)(AP, 11/10/11)
2011        Nov 9, Shell said a pipeline fire in southern Nigeria has caused a cut in oil production in the country, with a spill also reported in connection with the incident.
    (AFP, 11/9/11)
2011        Nov 9, A Russian space probe aiming to land on a Mars moon was stuck circling the Earth after equipment failure. Scientists raced to fire up its engines before the whole thing came crashing down. The unmanned Phobos-Ground craft was successfully launched by a Zenit-2 booster rocket just after midnight. On Dec 2 the European Space Agency said it had abandoned efforts to contact the probe.
    (AP, 11/9/11)(SFC, 12/3/11, p.A2)
2011        Nov 9, In Somalia several armed and masked men shot to death a Somali deputy in front of his house in the capital Mogadishu.
    (AFP, 11/9/11)
2011        Nov 9, Syrian troops killed 16 civilians as they pressed their bloody crackdown on dissent, said the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights. Protesters threw eggs at a four-man delegation of the Syrian National Coordination Committee (NCC), headed by Hassan Abdul-Azim, as they tried to enter the Arab League's headquarters in downtown Cairo. The Syria-based National Coordination Committee is a rival to the broad-based Syrian National Council group that was announced in Turkey in October and rejects all forms of contact with the regime under the current crackdown.
    (AFP, 11/9/11)(AP, 11/9/11)(AFP, 11/10/11)
2011        Nov 9, Tanzanian opposition leader Freeman Mbowe surrendered to police. Mbowe, who heads the CHADEMA party, and scores of supporters staged a Nov 7 demonstration in the northern town of Arusha demanding the release of one of its officials and that President Jakaya Kikwete step down.
    (AFP, 11/9/11)
2011        Nov 9, In eastern Turkey another earthquake, measuring 5.7, struck 9 miles (16km) south of Van. A Japanese aid worker was among 39 people killed by the earthquake. All the fatalities occurred in the Bayram Hotel and the low-budget Aslan Hotel. It hit the same region slammed by an Oct. 23 temblor that left 600 people dead.
    (AP, 11/10/11)(AP, 11/11/11)(AP, 11/13/11)
2011        Nov 9, In Venezuela Washington Nationals catcher Wilson Ramos (24), who had just finished his rookie season, was seized from his home in the town of Santa Ines by kidnappers. Ramos was reported rescued on Nov 11.
    (AP, 11/10/11)(AP, 11/11/11)

2011        Nov 10, US Senators Mark Kirk, R-Ill., and Robert Casey, D-Pa., sent a letter to the State and Commerce departments requesting an investigation into companies whose technology has been used to monitor activities of Syrian citizens. US companies included NetApp Inc. and Blue coat Systems Inc. of Sunnyvale, Ca. The Syrian Internet surveillance project, headed by the Italian company Area, was designed to intercept and catalog virtually every e-mail flowing through Syria.
    (SFC, 11/11/11, p.A5)
2011        Nov 10, The US government delayed approval of a Canada-to-Texas oil pipeline until after the 2012 US election, bowing to pressure from environmentalists and sparing President Barack Obama a damaging split with liberal voters he may need to win reelection. The State Department was considering rerouting TransCanada Corp.'s proposed $7 billion Keystone XL pipeline to avoid ecologically sensitive areas of Nebraska.
    (Reuters, 11/11/11)
2011        Nov 10, In Oakland, Ca., Kayode Ola Foster (25) was slain during a fight just outside the main camp of the Occupy Oakland encampment. Norris Terrell (20), the alleged shooter, was later arrested in Lexington, Ky. Isaac McDaniels (31) was arrested on Dec 12 and charged with being an accessory to Foster’s murder.
    (SFC, 11/14/11, p.A9)(SFC, 12/16/11, p.C5)
2011        Nov 10, The Illinois Senate overrode Gov. Pat Quinn’s veto on a roadkill bill, House Bill 3178. The measure requires the scavenger to only harvest the animals during the legal hunting or trapping season, with the required stamps and permits. It allowed anyone with a state furbearer license to salvage pelts or even food from animals killed on the road.
    (SSFC, 1/8/12, p.A10)(http://tinyurl.com/73pcrm4)
2011        Nov 10, Thousands of enraged Penn State students tore through the streets of State College, Pa., overnight to protest the firing of Joe Paterno after the longtime head football coach was removed from his position effective immediately. The turmoil followed the arrest of former assistant coach Jerry Sandusky, charged with abusing at least eight boys over 15 years. Paterno and Univ. Pres. Graham Spanier, who was also fired, have come under intense pressure because they were also told of at least one incident, but did not alert police. 
    (http://tinyurl.com/7algouk)
2011        Nov 10, In Hawaii a helicopter on a tourist excursion of West Maui and Molokai went down near an elementary school killing the pilot and 4 tourists.
    (AP, 11/11/11)
2011        Nov 10, The International Union for Conservation of Nature said the Western Black Rhino of Africa has been declared officially extinct. The Javan Rhino was said to be "probably extinct" in Vietnam, after poachers killed the last animal there in 2010. A small but declining population of the Javan Rhino still survived on the Indonesian island of Java.
    (AP, 11/10/11)
2011        Nov 10, In eastern Afghanistan 3 Afghan policemen were killed and 3 US troops injured when a team of Taliban suicide attackers stormed a government office in Paktia province. 4 attackers were reported killed. 2 civilians were killed when a car bomb targeting an ISAF military convoy detonated in Lashkar Gah, Helmand province.
    (AFP, 11/10/11)
2011        Nov 10, In Brazil police arrested Antonio Bonfim Lopes, aka "Nem, the most-wanted drug gang leader in Rio de Janeiro.
    (AP, 11/10/11)
2011        Nov 10, A Chinese court jailed musician Su Yue (56) for life for a scam in which he conned investors out of $9 million by claiming he was commissioned to hold shows attached to the Olympics. Su made his name with the folk songs "Loess Plateau" and "Blood-stained Glory", originally written to commemorate troops who were killed in the brief 1979 war against Vietnam but later was used in memory of those who died in the 1989 Tiananmen Square democracy protests.
    (AFP, 11/10/11)
2011        Nov 10, In China hundreds of rescuers took turns descending into an illegally operated coal mine to search for Chinese miners trapped by a gas leak that killed 34 others at the Sizhuang Coal Mine in Qujing city in Yunnan. 9 remained missing.
    (AP, 11/10/11)(AFP, 11/13/11)
2011        Nov 10, In Colombia tens of thousands of students marched in Bogota in an ongoing struggle over the future of higher education. The government was offering reforms, known as Law 30, which would ad $3.5 billion for higher education over a decade.
    (SFC, 11/11/11, p.A4)
2011        Nov 10, In the Czech Rep. a man opened fire at an airplane plant in Kunovice, killing two people before committing suicide.
    (AP, 11/10/11)
2011        Nov 10, In Egypt 2 explosions a gas pipeline halting supplies to Israel and Jordan.
    (AP, 11/10/11)
2011        Nov 10, Ethiopian authorities charged 24 people with terrorism offenses including an opposition politician and a journalist. Prominent opposition leader Andualem Arage and journalist Eskinder Nega were among those charged. Ethiopia has the largest number of exiled journalists in the world with 82 living abroad, according to the Washington-based Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ).
    (AFP, 11/10/11)(AFP, 11/22/11)
2011        Nov 10, In Germany some 300 police officers searched the headquarters of Heckler & Koch amid allegations the German arms maker bribed Mexican officials in connection with arms deliveries between 2005 and 2010. Heckler & Koch was also under investigation following the discovery of its assault rifles in Libya.
    (AP, 11/10/11)
2011        Nov 10, Greece installed Lucas Papademos (64), a respected economist, as the new prime minister easing the European financial crises.
    (SFC, 11/11/11, p.A3)
2011        Nov 10, The prime ministers of India and Pakistan said they expected to open a "new chapter" at future talks between the rival nations after they met at a regional summit in the Maldives.
    (AFP, 11/10/11)
2011        Nov 10, An Israeli court ordered a Brooklyn man, Yitzchak Shuchat, extradited to the US in connection with an April 2008 assault on a black man, Andrew Charles, in the Crown Heights section of Brooklyn.
    (AP, 11/10/11)
2011        Nov 10, Israel's Supreme Court ordered former President Moshe Katsav (65) to spend seven years in prison after rejecting the disgraced politician's appeal of a rape conviction and other sex crimes. He was convicted last December of raping a former employee when he was a Cabinet minister and of sexually harassing two other women during his term as president from 2000 to 2007.
    (AP, 11/10/11)
2011        Nov 10, In Italy Pres. Berlusconi’s People of Liberty party made it clear that it would back an emergency government of national unity led by a nonpolitician, which would require a majority in Parliament.
    (SFC, 11/11/11, p.A3)
2011        Nov 10, An Ivory Coast appeal court conditionally released 12 aides to former president Laurent Gbagbo, held after a post-electoral crisis. The release brings to 20 the number of Gbagbo's associates who have been set free since the crisis, which began after Gbagbo refused to acknowledge defeat in elections in December last year.
    (AFP, 11/10/11)
2011        Nov 10, In Japan American scientist John W. Cahn received Japan's annual Kyoto Prize, winning 50 million yen, or about $650,000, for his contributions in materials science that led to the creation of stronger, lighter alloys used in cellphones and many electronic devices. Astrophysicist Rashid Sunyaev (68), a dual citizen of Russia and Germany, was awarded the basic sciences prize for his contributions in astronomy. Tamasaburo Bando V, a Japanese kabuki actor who specializes in female roles, was presented with the arts and philosophy prize.
    (AP, 11/10/11)
2011        Nov 10, South Africa's governing party fired Julius Malema (30), its controversial youth leader, and suspended him from the African National Congress for five years for sowing intolerance and disunity. Malema said he would appeal.
    (AP, 11/10/11)
2011        Nov 10, In St. Lucia a minibus carrying mourners from a funeral plunged off a cliff into the ocean leaving 16 people dead and one person missing.
    (AP, 11/11/11)
2011        Nov 10, Military aircraft from Sudan crossed the new international border with South Sudan and dropped bombs in and around a camp filled with refugees fleeing violence in the north. At least 12 people were killed. The violence in and near the Yida refugee camp, located 10 miles (15 km) south of the border, came one day after bombings were reported in another region of South Sudan. A cross-border attack by Sudanese troops on a military base left 18 fighters dead and 73 wounded.
    (AP, 11/10/11)(AFP, 11/11/11)
2011        Nov 10, In Syria a young girl and six soldiers were among 26 Syrians killed when security forces cracked down on protests and in clashes between troops and army deserters.
    (AFP, 11/10/11)
2011        Nov 10, A Taiwanese man demanded Chinese authorities return his left hand, which he said was amputated after a savage robbery and then kept by mainland police as evidence. Hu Chi-yang (59) said he was attacked by three men in the southeastern Chinese province of Fujian last week. He said they robbed him of about $600 in cash and nearly cut his left hand off to get at his ring and Rolex watch. On Nov 28 police in Fujian said they believed Hu's injuries were self-inflicted, saying the cuts were precise and that blood collected at the alleged crime scene contained traces of anesthetic.
    (AFP, 11/10/11)(AFP, 11/28/11)
2011        Nov 10, Tanzanian police slapped a ban on protests, as the opposition planned to rally for the release of some of its members and the ruling party prepared its own counter-demonstration.
    (AFP, 11/10/11)
2011        Nov 10, Vietnam jailed two Falun Gong practitioners who broadcast programs about the spiritual group into China. Le Van Thanh (36) and Vu Duc Trung (31) were sentenced to 2 and 3 years in jail for illegally transmitting information through telecommunication networks.
    (AP, 11/11/11)
2011        Nov 10, In Yemen gunmen in civilian clothes opened fire on anti-government protests in Sanaa and Taiz, killing a 13-year-old boy in Sanaa and injuring a dozen others. One man was killed and nine other people were wounded in Taez. The UN Secretary General's special envoy to Yemen, Jamal bin Omar, arrived in the country to seek progress on a US-backed proposal to end the crisis.
    (AP, 11/10/11)(AFP, 11/11/11)

2011        Nov 11, The Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art, designed by architect Moshe Safdie, opened in Bentonville, Ark., with a $1.2 billion endowment from the Walton Family Foundation.
    (Econ, 11/12/11, p.100)
2011        Nov 11, In Michigan a decade-old organization known as TheCall, that counts Islam among the ills facing the nation, began a 24-hour prayer rally at Ford Field in Detroit, an with one of the largest Muslim communities in the United States. Leaders of TheCall believed a satanic spirit is shaping all parts of US society, and it must be challenged through intensive Christian prayer and fasting.
    (AP, 11/11/11)
2011        Nov 11, William Aramony (84), former president of the United Way of America charity, died in Virginia. He had resigned in 1992 and was convicted in 1995 for misusing funds to support a lavish lifestyle and a teenage mistress.
    (SFC, 11/15/11, p.A10)
2011        Nov 11, In Afghanistan a mother and daughter were killed in their home in Ghazni city by armed men who apparently accused them of "immoral activities." Afghan police arrested two men in connection with the case. A NATO soldier was killed in an insurgent attack in the south.
    (AFP, 11/11/11)
2011        Nov 11, Australian police seized about 660 pounds (300 kg) of cocaine from a yacht at the northeastern coastal town of Bundaberg. Police said the yacht was crewed by Ivan Maria Ramos Valea (35) and Julia Maria Boada Fernandez (37), who were both arrested. Two other Spanish citizens, Miguel Angel Sanchez Barrocal (38) and Jose Herrero-Calvo (39) were also arrested in Bundaberg.
    (AP, 11/14/11)
2011        Nov 11, The Austria-based International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) said very low levels of radiation, which are higher than normal but don't seem to pose a health hazard, are being registered in the Czech Republic and elsewhere in Europe.
    (AP, 11/11/11)
2011        Nov 11, A British judge sentenced Steven Cardwell, a British man, to at least 11 years in prison for selling handguns smuggled into the country by Steven Greenoe, a former US Marine.
    (AP, 11/11/11)
2011        Nov 11, EMI, the London-based record label that for 80 years brought the world everyone from the Beatles and Queen to Coldplay and Katy Perry, was chopped up and will be sold in pieces, with Vivendi's Universal Music Group winning EMI's recorded music auction with a $1.9 billion (1.1 billion pounds) offer. A consortium led by Japan's Sony said it won the auction for EMI's music publishing operations in a deal valued at $2.2 billion. For EMI owner Citigroup Inc, which took control of the record label after its previous owner, Guy Hands' buyout shop Terra Firma, defaulted on loans owed to the investment bank, the deal value approached the break-even level.
    (Reuters, 11/11/11)
2011        Nov 11, Cameroon’s National Anti-Corruption Commission (Conac) said in its first report, since its creation by President Paul Biya in 2006, that 45 million euros ($62 million) had gone missing from the public works ministry, the general treasury and the maize industry.  Those figures came from an investigation CONAC conducted in 2009.
    (AFP, 11/11/11)(AFP, 4/17/12)
2011        Nov 11, Ahmad Rezaei, the son of prominent Iranian conservative Mohsen Rezaei, died in Dubai's Gloria Hotel in an apparent suicide. Prior to his return to Iran in 2005, Ahmad Rezaei had lived in the United States and openly criticized Tehran's rulers. His father had run against President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad in 2009.
    (AP, 11/13/11)
2011        Nov 11, French Pres. Sarkozy presided over the traditional Armistice Day ceremony, which marks 93 years since fighting in WWI came to an end. He lay a wreath at the tomb of the unknown soldier under Paris' Arc de Triomphe and lit a flame, but strayed from convention by declaring Nov. 11 a day to remember the dead from all of France's wars.
    (AP, 11/11/11)
2011        Nov 11, Haitian Culture Minister Choiseul Henriquez (51), a former journalist and newly appointed, died of a brain hemorrhage while in Canada.
    (AP, 11/12/11)
2011        Nov 11, Indonesia opened the 26th Southeast Asian Games with more than 6,000 athletes from 11 countries participating in the biennial games.
    (AP, 11/12/11)
2011        Nov 11, Israeli soldiers manning a West Bank checkpoint mistakenly shot and killed an Israeli settler.
    (AP, 11/11/11)
2011        Nov 11, Italy sped a package of reforms toward approval and prepared to hand its dysfunctional government over to a technocrat, who Europe hopes can save the country from going broke. Financial markets around the world rallied in relief. Mario Monti, a distinguished economist, was expected to succeed PM Berlusconi.
    (AP, 11/11/11)
2011        Nov 11, Kenyan military and Somali government forces killed 4 al-Shabab members.
    (AP, 11/12/11)
2011        Nov 11, Senior Kosovo politician Fatmir Limaj, a former ethnic Albanian rebel commander, and eight other defendants went on trial for allegedly torturing and executing Serb prisoners during the 1998-99 Kosovo war.
    (AP, 11/11/11)
2011        Nov 11, A Lebanese man had a leg blown off after stepping on a mine planted hours earlier by Syrian troops along Lebanon's northern border.
    (AFP, 11/11/11)
2011        Nov 11, Liberia's opposition leader Winston Tubman said he was willing to work with President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf after disputed polls left the war-scarred nation more divided than ever.
    (AFP, 11/11/11)
2011        Nov 11, In Libya 2 people were killed in connection to a dispute between rival militias near Tripoli, amid rising concern about the uncontrolled ownership of weapons.
    (AP, 11/12/11)
2011        Nov 11, Mexico’s Interior Secretary Francisco Blake Mora (45) was killed in a helicopter crash, a stunning mishap too odd for some Mexicans to accept as an accident. Mora was appointed in June 2010, the 4th interior secretary since Calderon was elected five years ago. The crash of the Super Puma helicopter, part of the presidential fleet, also killed the undersecretary for legal affairs and human rights, Felipe Zamora, two other interior officials, the chief of Blake Mora's security detail and three crew members.
    (AP, 11/12/11)
2011        Nov 11, Niger President Mahamadou Issoufou, during a visit to South Africa, said his government has decided to grant Moamer Kadhafi's son Saadi asylum for humanitarian reasons, adding that his brother Seif al-Islam is not in the country. He also said Niger's army has clashed repeatedly with arms traffickers from neighboring Libya.
    (AFP, 11/11/11)(AP, 11/11/11)
2011        Nov 11, Polish police arrested 210 people during Independence Day marches that turned violent, and that nearly half of them were Germans. 40 police officers were injured and 14 police cars destroyed. Far-right protesters, football hooligans and anarchists from Germany were blamed.
    (AP, 11/12/11)
2011        Nov 11, Qatar-based Al Jazeera opened its 2nd foreign language station broadcasting in Serbo-Croatian from Bosnia. English broadcasts began in 2006.
    (Econ, 11/12/11, p.58)
2011        Nov 11, Solomon Islands’ PM Danny Philip resigned to avoid a no confidence motion following allegations of misappropriation of aid from Taiwan. Gordon Darcy Lilo (b.1965) replaced him on Nov 16.
    (Econ, 11/19/11, p.45)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gordon_Darcy_Lilo)
2011        Nov 11, South Africa's former finance minister Trevor Manuel unveiled a plan to end poverty by creating 11 million jobs by 2030.
    (AFP, 11/11/11)
2011        Nov 11, Sri Lanka’s new law to nationalize "under utilized" private firms came into effect. Opposition and press said it could shatter investor confidence and push the country into authoritarian rule.
    (AFP, 11/13/11)
2011        Nov 11, Swaziland said it will delay paying salaries to civil servants by up to two weeks, as the kingdom's financial crisis deepens.
    (AFP, 11/11/11)
2011        Nov 11, In Syria at least 14 people were killed in violence, most of them in the restive city of Homs, as Human Rights Watch accused the regime of crimes against humanity.
    (AFP, 11/11/11)
2011        Nov 11, Ugandan police arrested George Kiberu (35), a taxi dispatcher, for “abusing the presidency" after he built a pigsty out of old election posters featuring images of Pres. Yoweri Museveni.
    (SSFC, 11/13/11, p.A6)
2011        Nov 11, The UN atomic agency (IAEA) shared satellite images, letters and diagrams with 35 nations as it sought to underpin its case that Iran apparently worked secretly on developing a nuclear weapon.
    (AP, 11/11/11)
2011        Nov 11, In Yemen forces loyal to President Abdullah Saleh shelled the country's second largest city Taez, killing 15 people, among them two women and a child.
    (AFP, 11/11/11)(AP, 11/12/11)
2011        Nov 11, Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe and PM Morgan Tsvangirai called for peace in the wake of attacks on the premier's party, as tensions rise with expectations for elections next year.
    (AFP, 11/11/11)

2011        Nov 12, Pres. Obama gathered with leaders of 20 other nations of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum meeting in Hawaii. Obama’s trip was part of a 9-day trip that would include visits to aus Obama’s trip was part of a 9-day trip that would include visits to Australia and Indonesia.
    (SFC, 11/14/11, p.A7)
2011        Nov 12, It was reported that the US Guantanamo Bay Naval Base is costing taxpayers $800,000 annually for each of the 171 captives currently held there.
    (SFC, 11/12/11, p.A2)
2011        Nov 12, In eastern Afghanistan a roadside bomb destroyed a car, killing nine civilians, including a woman and a child in Laghman province. In the south gunmen shot and killed a village elder in the Khash Rod district of Nimroz province.
    (AP, 11/12/11)
2011        Nov 12, African Union officials said AU troops fighting al-Qaida-linked Islamists in the failed state of Somalia have a $10 million funding gap which has delayed the deployment of reinforcements and lifesaving equipment.
    (AP, 11/12/11)
2011        Nov 12, In Australia 22 sperm whales and 2 minke whales died after getting stranded near Ocean Beach, Tasmania. Rescuers over the next 2 days saved two huge sperm whales stranded at Macquarie Harbor. Another died and a 4th remained stranded as weather worsened.
    (AFP, 11/14/11)(AP, 11/15/11)
2011        Nov 12, The Bahraini interior ministry announced that four members of a cell planning attacks were detained in Qatar and turned over to Manama, while a fifth suspect was arrested in Bahrain. The Sunni-ruled Arab monarchies of the Gulf have repeatedly accused mainly Shiite Iran of meddling in their internal affairs.
    (AFP, 11/13/11)
2011        Nov 12, Egyptian police arrested Abdel-Halim Hassan Heneidi, a militant leader, in the northern Sinai town of el-Arish.
    (AP, 11/13/11)
2011        Nov 12, In Egypt Jeff Francois, a Canadian tourist, died of a gunshot wounds He was shot on Nov 9 when members of a feuding family opened fire on his car when his driver refused to stop at an illegal checkpoint in the town of al-Samata.
    (AP, 11/12/11)
2011        Nov 12, EU foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton officially opened a delegation in Tripoli before holding talks with Libya's interim leaders as the bloc moved to cement relations.
    (AFP, 11/12/11)
2011        Nov 12, French Foreign Minister Alain Juppe vowed to help Nigeria in its fight against extremist groups as the country faces an intensifying Islamist insurgency. Nigeria is France's biggest trading partner in sub-Saharan Africa.
    (AFP, 11/12/11)
2011        Nov 12, In Germany some 9,000 people rallied in Frankfurt near the EU’s Central Bank office calling for an end to excesses of financial speculation and urging the government to dismantle big banks.
    (SSFC, 11/13/11, p.A8)
2011        Nov 12, In Iran an accidental explosion at a Revolutionary Guard ammunition depot west of Tehran killed at least 36 soldiers. Brig. Gen. Hassan Moqaddam, a top commander of Iran’s ballistic missile program, was among those killed.
    (AP, 11/12/11)(SSFC, 11/13/11, p.A6)(SFC, 11/14/11, p.A2)(AP, 11/17/11)
2011        Nov 12, Italy’s PM Berlusconi resigned after lawmakers rushed through a budget bill seen as the first step toward winning back investor confidence.
    (SSFC, 11/13/11, p.A8)
2011        Nov 12, A Kenyan official said more than 30 Kenya-based members of Somalia's top militant group have accepted a police amnesty and are providing information to help Kenyan police secure the country against threatened suicide attacks by the group. Kenyan and Somali government troops killed nine members of an al-Qaida-linked militant group they were pursuing in Somalia.
    (AP, 11/12/11)(AP, 11/13/11)
2011        Nov 12, In Kazakhstan a radical Islamist, identified only as Kariyev, killed 7 people, including 5 law enforcement officers, in a rampage the southern city of Taraz. The suspect blew himself up as officers moved in to arrest him.
    (AP, 11/12/11)
2011        Nov 12, Nigeria evacuated from Mali 104 of its citizens, mostly women, either made to work as "sexual slaves" or suspected of involvement in human trafficking.
    (AFP, 11/15/11)
2011        Nov 12, In Pakistan four intelligence officials were killed during a raid on a militant hideout in the country's east. Some militants were killed or captured in the raid in Jellum district. Hafiz Gul Bahadur, a Pakistani militant commander close to the Afghan border, threatened to abandon an unofficial peace deal with the government because of American missile strikes and shelling by the Pakistani army.
    (AP, 11/12/11)
2011        Nov 12, Puerto Rico reported that 983 people have been killed so far this year, equal to the number of killings reported for all of last year when the US Caribbean territory marked its second highest number of slayings ever. A record 995 people were killed in 1994 in this island of 4 million people.
    (AP, 11/12/11)
2011        Nov 12, In Somalia 3 refugees queuing for food were killed in crossfire when corrupt Somali government security forces tried to loot aid supplies in famine-hit Mogadishu.
    (AFP, 11/12/11)
2011        Nov 12, In South Africa renowned cricket writer Peter Roebuck (55) was about to be detained over the alleged sexual assault of a Zimbabwean man when he plunged to his death.
    (AFP, 11/14/11)
2011        Nov 12, South Korea dispatched patrol boats and a helicopter for 8 missing crewmen after a fishing boat collided with a freighter and sank off its southwestern coast.
    (AFP, 11/12/11)
2011        Nov 12, Global aid organization Oxfam said it has withdrawn 22 staff from South Sudan's Upper Nile state because of escalating violence along the newly independent country's tense border with the north.
    (AFP, 11/13/11)
2011        Nov 12, In Sudan an alliance of rebel groups committed to regime change said that a key Darfur rebel movement had joined them, as they convened for a second meeting in the Nuba Mountains.
    (AFP, 11/12/11)
2011        Nov 12, The 22-member Arab League voted to suspend Syria and warned the regime could face sanctions if it does not end its bloody crackdown against anti-government protesters. The decision was a symbolic blow to a nation that prides itself on being a powerhouse of Arab nationalism. 18 countries agreed to the suspension, scheduled to take effect on Nov 16.
    (AP, 11/12/11)
2011        Nov 12, Turkish commandos in civilian clothes slipped onto the Kartepe, a hijacked passenger ferry, and posed as hostages before fatally shooting a suspected Kurdish rebel carrying explosives in a 12-hour drama that ended before dawn.
    (AP, 11/12/11)
2011        Nov 12, In Yemen fierce clashes erupted in Taez as protesters in the capital Sanaa condemned international silence in the face of a government crackdown. Armed tribesmen, who have thrown their support behind the protest movement, clashed with government troops in the Hassab district of Taez.
    (AFP, 11/12/11)

2011        Nov 13, In Portland, Oregon, several hundred protesters, some wearing goggles and gas masks, marched past authorities in a downtown street, hours after riot police forced Occupy Portland demonstrators out of a pair of weeks-old encampments in nearby parks. Mayor Sam Adams had ordered that the camp shut down, citing unhealthy conditions and the encampment's attraction of drug users and thieves.
    (AP, 11/14/11)
2011        Nov 13, In Brazil More than 3,000 police and soldiers backed by armored personnel carriers raced into Rio’s biggest slum before dawn, quickly gaining control of the Rocinha shantytown ruled for decades by a heavily armed drug gang. The city of Rio de Janeiro has more than 1,000 shantytowns where about one-third of its 6 million people live.
    (AP, 11/13/11)
2011        Nov 13, Emirates Airlines launched the Dubai Airshow with a record $18-billion order for 50 Boeing 777s, giving the US company a flying start on its European rival Airbus at the prestigious event.
    (AFP, 11/13/11)
2011        Nov 13, Egyptian security forces arrested Mohammed Eid Muslih Hamad, aka "El-Tihi," in the northern Sinai town of el-Arish. Officials said he was the leader of an al-Qaida-inspired group in the Sinai peninsula that was behind attacks on police and on a gas pipeline that transports fuel to Israel and Jordan.
    (AP, 11/13/11)
2011        Nov 13, Equatorial Guinea's main opposition withdrew its agents from polling stations to protest against irregularities as the country voted in a referendum on a new constitution. If approved, the constitution would be amended to impose presidential term limits, but the text does not make clear whether Obiang will have to step down when his term ends in 2016. The referendum also created a new vice president position, a job many believe is earmarked for Obiang's son. 97% of people voted in favor of measures that limit presidents to two terms in office. The new constitution did not make clear whether Obiang could stay in power until 2030.
    (AFP, 11/13/11)(AP, 11/14/11)(AFP, 11/16/11)
2011        Nov 13, German police arrested a new suspect, Holger G. (37), following the discovery of an extremist group, labeled the National Socialist Underground, believed to have killed 10 people in what the country's top security official called "a new form of far right terrorism." Prosecutors suspect the “Zwickau cell," which was discovered only last week, of having murdered eight people of Turkish origin, one Greek national and a German policewoman over the past decade.
    (AP, 11/13/11)(Econ, 2/4/12, p.54)
2011        Nov 13, Italy’s Pres. Giorgio Napolitano asked Mario Monti, a former European commissioner, to become prime minister.
    (Econ, 11/19/11, p.53)
2011        Nov 13, Kuwait said it has boosted its oil output to above three million barrels per day. The oil minister warned that any cut in crude production would send world prices soaring.
    (AFP, 11/13/11)
2011        Nov 13, In Libya rival militias clashed on the outskirts of Tripoli for a fourth day, the most sustained violence since the capture and killing of Moammar Gadhafi last month. The fighting has left at least four people dead since late last week. A local commander of fighters from Tripoli, said gunmen from Zawiya and Warshefana were fighting for control of a camp midway between the capital of Tripoli and Zawiya.
    (AP, 11/13/11)
2011        Nov 13, A Malawi high court official said some 14 local sex workers arrested by police and forced to undergo HIV tests two years ago have sued the government for "unfair action and violating their privacy." The sex workers were charged for trading in sex while having a sexually transmitted disease. They were fined $7 (K1,200) and set free. About 14% of the country's 13 million citizens are infected with HIV.
    (AFP, 11/13/11)
2011        Nov 13, Mexico’s Michoacan state held elections for governor. The former ruling party won the race after a campaign marred by drug-cartel threats and violence, defeating President Felipe Calderon's sister and building momentum for its drive to take back the presidency next year. Fausto Vallejo Figueroa of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) won 35% over Luisa Maria Calderon (PAN) at 33%.
    (AP, 11/14/11)(SFC, 11/15/11, p.A4)
2011        Nov 13, Mexican soldiers searching vehicles for hidden drugs found 140 Central Americans crammed into a tractor-trailer rig in Chiapas. Police found the bodies of six bricklayers who were working on a new elementary school in the northern state of Chihuahua. Two of them were mutilated. Mexican officials arrested Juan Gabriel Orozco Favela, a drug dealer who controlled smuggling routes and ran a campaign of murder and intimidation for the Knights Templar drug cartel.
    (AP, 11/14/11)(AP, 11/15/11)
2011        Nov 13, In Mexico norteno singer Diego Rivas  was shot dead in Culiacan, Sinaloa state, joining a list of murdered musicians famous for chronicling the cartel lifestyle in folk songs.
    (AP, 11/13/11)
2011        Nov 13, Anglo-Dutch oil giant Shell reported a fresh spill from a key delivery pipeline in southern Nigeria, but said it has contained the leak.
    (AFP, 11/13/11)
2011        Nov 13, In northwest Pakistan a bomb blast killed six people in remote Mastak town. Two members of an anti-Taliban militia are among those killed.
    (AP, 11/13/11)
2011        Nov 13, In Qatar energy ministers of the Gas Exporting Countries Forum (GECF) met to prepare for a first summit of the 12-member group which is to discuss prices and coordination. The meeting welcomed Oman as the newest member of the forum. Other members included Algeria, Bolivia, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Iran, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Russia, Trinidad and Tobago, and Venezuela. Kazakhstan, Norway and the Netherlands were observers.
    (AFP, 11/13/11)
2011        Nov 13, In Somalia explosions in Afgoye, a heavily populated corridor along a main road leading out of the Somali capital, came during a meeting of Islamist insurgent leaders as the al-Qaida-linked al-Shabab militia fought to defend itself on two fronts. None of the militant leaders were believed to have been killed and no one claimed responsibility for the attacks.
    (AP, 11/16/11)
2011        Nov 13, Voters in Georgia's breakaway republic of South Ossetia chose a new president for the first time since Georgia and Russia fought a brief war over control of the territory in 2008. South Ossetia has been led since 2001 by Eduard Kokoiti, who has served two terms as president and is now stepping down. Among those favored to succeed him is Anatoly Bibilov, who heads South Ossetia's emergencies services and has the support of Russia's dominant pro-Kremlin party. Anatoly Bibilov and former education minister Alla Dzhioyeva each won about 25 percent of the vote forcing a runoff in two weeks.
    (AP, 11/13/11)(AP, 11/14/11)
2011        Nov 13, In Syria tens of thousands of government supporters poured into the streets to protest an Arab League vote to suspend the country's membership, as Turkey sent planes to evacuate diplomatic staff and their families after a night of attacks on embassies. Activists reporting at least 11 people killed in shootings by security forces in several parts of the country.
    (AP, 11/13/11)
2011        Nov 13, The death toll from Thailand's worst floods in half a century reached 536, and authorities told more residents of Bangkok to evacuate their neighborhoods.
    (AP, 11/6/11)
2011        Nov 13, Turkish warplanes bombed the Qandil border area in Iraqi Kurdistan for about an hour.
    (AFP, 11/13/11)
2011        Nov 13, Yemeni government forces and allied tribesmen killed ten militants in attacks around the country, as visiting UN envoy Jamal Benomar met with embattled President Ali Abdullah Saleh to push for a solution to the country's political crisis.
    (AP, 11/13/11)

2011        Nov 14, It was reported that the Navajo Nation, the largest American Indian tribe, plans to issue its first bonds in a $120 million offering to finance some 50 projects on its 27,000-square-mile reservation in Arizona, New Mexico and Utah.
    (SFC, 11/14/11, p.D4)
2011        Nov 14, In Oakland, Ca., some 1,000 Occupy Oakland protesters returned to Frank Ogawa Plaza hours after being evicted by police. They were allowed to gather with no camping. An estimated $500,000 was spent for outside officers to assist Oakland police.
    (SFC, 11/15/11, p.A1)
2011        Nov 14, In Texas Barry Walter Bujol Jr., accused of attempting to sneak out of the US with restricted military documents, money and equipment in order to join Al-Qaida, was convicted in federal court in Houston.
    (SFC, 11/15/11, p.A10)
2011        Nov 14, In Afghanistan a suspected suicide bomber carrying a bag of explosives was shot dead in Kabul near the site of a major meeting of Afghan elders set to discuss relations with the US.
    (AFP, 11/14/11)
2011        Nov 14, Brazil’s Federal Register noted that the government for the first time has granted a foreign citizen the right to live permanently in the country based on a same-sex relationship with a Brazilian citizen.
    (AP, 11/14/11)
2011        Nov 14, Canada released a new C$100 bill made of plastic, its first step in replacing an entire series of banknotes to thwart counterfeiters and persuade retailers it's safe to accept big bills. Canada is the first to add a metallic hologram that is especially difficult to fake. Plastic notes, nearly impervious to liquids, stains, tearing or wear-and-tear, were pioneered by the Reserve Bank of Australia in 1988.
    (Reuters, 11/15/11)
2011        Nov 14, In northwestern China an explosion in a restaurant, likely caused by a natural gas leak, killed at least 7 people and injured another 31 in Xi'an, capital of Shaanxi province.
    (AP, 11/14/11)
2011        Nov 14, Egyptian security forces arrested Abdel Karim Mohammed Ahmed and Ahmed Salem Awad of the radical Islamist Al-Takfeer wal Hijra during a sweep in the north Sinai town of El-Arish.
    (AFP, 11/14/11)
2011        Nov 14, EU foreign ministers decided to impose additional sanctions on 18 Syrians in response to the killings of protesters by Syrian President Bashar Assad's regime. The sanctions also include suspending the disbursement of European Investment Bank loans.
    (AP, 11/14/11)
2011        Nov 14, German prosecutors formally arrested Beate Z. (36), a woman suspected of co-founding a far-right terror organization that authorities say murdered 10 people, amid mounting criticism of security authorities for their failure to act sooner. She turned herself in last week.
    (AP, 11/14/11)
2011        Nov 14, It was reported that villagers living on the Indonesian side of Borneo killed at least 750 endangered orangutans in a year, some to protect crops from being raided and others for their meat, a new survey shows. The information was based on interviews with 6983 people between April 2008 and September 2009.
    (AP, 11/14/11)
2011        Nov 14, Israeli Cabinet ministers decided to hold on to some $100 million in taxes owed to the Palestinians, an official said, despite warnings from Israel's Defense Ministry that the measure could threaten the stability of the Palestinian government in the West Bank. A Hamas naval policeman was killed and 7 others wounded in an Israeli airstrike on their building in the northern Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 11/14/11)
2011        Nov 14, Jordan's King Abdullah II said Syria’s Pres. Assad should step down for the good of his country, the first Arab leader to publicly make such a call.
    (AP, 11/15/11)
2011        Nov 14, Two Russians and an American blasted off from Kazakhstan to the ISS orbiting laboratory on a Soyuz-FG rocket, Russia's first manned mission since the failed launch of the unmanned Progress supply ship in August temporarily grounded its Soyuz rockets.
    (AFP, 11/14/11)
2011        Nov 14, A Kenya government statement said PM Raila Odinga asked Israeli President Shimon Peres for assistance in building the capacity of the Kenyan police to deal with attacks by al-Shabab militants.
    (AP, 11/14/11)   
2011        Nov 14, Kuwait-based leasing company ALAFCO signed an agreement with Airbus to buy 50 A320neo aircraft, valued at $4.6 billion at list price, the two sides announced at Dubai Airshow.
    (AFP, 11/14/11)
2011        Nov 14, Maritime New Zealand said salvage crews have finished pumping 1,454 tons of oil from the Rena, grounded on Oct 5, and were removing the last of 1,280 containers that remained on board.
    (SFC, 11/14/11, p.A2)
2011        Nov 14, Pakistan's telecommunications authority sent a letter ordering cell phone companies to block text messages containing what it perceives to be obscenities. It also sent a list of more than 1,500 English and Urdu words that were to be blocked. The order was part of the regulator's attempt to block spam messages.
    (AP, 11/18/11)
2011        Nov 14, Four Pakistani paramilitary soldiers were killed when militants attacked their convoy in the northwestern tribal district of Khyber. In neighboring Mohmand district, security forces said they killed four militants and wounded five others who were later arrested, as the group tried to enter Pakistan from across the unmarked border in Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 11/14/11)
2011        Nov 14, Puerto Rico police captured drug smuggler Carlos Morales Davila between Puerto Rico and the island of Vieques. He was expected to be extradited to Miami.
    (AP, 11/14/11)
2011        Nov 14, In southern Syria 34 soldiers and security forces were gunned down by suspected army defectors in Daraa. As many as 90 people killed across the country.
    (AP, 11/15/11)

2011        Nov 15, In Berkeley, Ca., as many as 10,000 students and Occupy activists overflowed the UC Berkeley Sproul Plaza following a daylong classroom  walkout. They established a small camp in defiance of the university’s edict that no tents be erected.
    (SFC, 11/16/11, p.A1)
2011        Nov 15, In southern California an estimated 17 tons of marijuana were seized in the discovery of a cross-border tunnel linking warehouses in San Diego and Tijuana. Authorities said it was one of the most significant secret drug smuggling passages ever found on the US-Mexico border.
    (AP, 11/17/11)
2011        Nov 15, The Center for Budget and Policy Priorities said in a new report that Michigan is among just a handful of states raising taxes on low-income working families while cutting taxes for other groups.
    (AP, 11/16/11)
2011        Nov 15, In NYC hundreds of police officers in riot gear raided Zuccotti Park, evicting dozens of Occupy Wall Street protesters from what has become the epicenter of the worldwide movement protesting corporate greed and economic inequality. Hours later, the National Lawyers Guild obtained a court order allowing Occupy Wall Street protesters to return with tents to the park. About 70 people were arrested overnight.
    (AP, 11/15/11)
2011        Nov 15, In Seattle, Washington, a downtown march and rally in support of the Occupy Wall Street movement turned briefly chaotic as police scattered a crowd of rowdy protesters, including a pregnant 19-year-old and an 84-year-old activist, with blasts of pepper spray.
    (AP, 11/16/11)
2011        Nov 15, Afghanistan got a new, 3-year, $133.6 million line of credit from the International Monetary Fund, which said the struggling government had taken steps to address governance and accountability issues that surfaced during the Kabul Bank crisis. A bomb strapped to a donkey blew up in northern Faryab province, killing a policeman and 2 civilians, including a child. 17 other people were wounded.
    (AP, 11/15/11)(AP, 11/16/11)
2011        Nov 15, Algerian newspapers reported that authorities have arrested nine people, including eight Air Algerie stewards, as part of an operation against an international drug trafficking ring. The suspects, including a famous singer and an Air Algerie trade union leader, have come under pressure to retract statements in which they named certain clients.
    (AFP, 11/15/11)
2011        Nov 15, The City of London Corporation said that it will resume legal action to clear an anti-capitalist camp outside St Paul's Cathedral.
    (AFP, 11/15/11)
2011        Nov 15, Europe's top court barred Britain from enacting a corporate tax reform in its tiny territory of Gibraltar, ruling the scheme would amount to illegal state aid for offshore companies.
    (AFP, 11/15/11)
2011        Nov 15, Shanghai sold bonds under a new pilot scheme raising $1.1 billion. China’s provincial and municipal governments had been prohibited from borrowing since 1994.
    (Econ, 11/19/11, p.78)
2011        Nov 15, In the Republic of Congo Alexandre Kossiarev, a native of Belarus, was killed when an MI-8, a  Russian-designed helicopter, crashed in the country's north.
    (AP, 11/16/11)
2011        Nov 15, The EU said it has tightened controls on imports of Chinese rice products after a growing number of shipments were contaminated by unauthorized genetically-modified rice.
    (AFP, 11/15/11)
2011        Nov 15, Guatemalan President Alvaro Colom said he will grant a US extradition request for former president Alfonso Portillo, who faces charges in the US of embezzling $1.5 million in foreign donations.
    (AP, 11/15/11)
2011        Nov 15, Hong Kong customs officers intercepted a record haul of 33 rhino horns, 758 ivory chopsticks and 127 bracelets hidden inside a container shipped from South Africa.
    (AFP, 11/16/11)
2011        Nov 15, India and Pakistan agreed to normalize two-way trade, signifying a gradual thaw in relations between the two bitter rivals.
    (AP, 11/15/11)
2011        Nov 15, The Paris Club of mostly industrialized countries said it had reached an agreement with Ivory Coast to defer over 10 years most of its debt coming due and to forgive $1.8 billion in its foreign debts.
    (AFP, 11/15/11)
2011        Nov 15, In Mexico El Siglo de Torreon, a newspaper in the northern city of Torreon, was attacked by armed men who set fire to the facade of its offices and opened fire at its sales offices.
    (AP, 11/15/11)
2011        Nov 15, Mexican officials captured Alfredo Aleman Narvaez, a suspected leader for the Zetas drug cartel, during a horse race that he organized in the northern state of Zacatecas.
    (AP, 11/17/11)
2011        Nov 15, New Zealand conservation officials euthanized 18 beached pilot whales following a mass stranding on a South Island beach that left a total of 65 whales dead.
    (SFC, 11/16/11, p.A2)
2011        Nov 15, Nigerian airport officials fined British Airways $135 million and Virgin Atlantic $100 million amid a dispute over ticket prices. The airlines were given 14 days to respond and were ordered to compensate passengers. In 2012 a panel "cancelled the fines because at the time of the offence between 2004 and 2006, there was no law to make them culpable."
    (AFP, 11/17/11)(AFP, 2/10/12)
2011        Nov 15, In northwestern Pakistan a suspected US drone fired missiles at a house in Miran Shah, North Waziristan, killing seven alleged militants. Also in the northwest, Pakistani forces pounded militant hideouts, killing 16 suspected insurgents in Orakzai's Dabori area. Militants attacked an army checkpoint in the Ladha area of South Waziristan with rockets, killing one soldier and wounding another. Just before midnight suspected US drones fired four missiles at two compounds in South Waziristan, killing 16 alleged militants.
    (AP, 11/15/11)(AP, 11/16/11)
2011        Nov 15, Saudi Arabia said it has signed an agreement with South Korea on developing nuclear power generation to help meet the kingdom's rising demand.
    (AFP, 11/15/11)
2011        Nov 15, South African teacher Guilford Shapo (53) was hacked to death with a machete in front of a shocked classroom of primary school students in the northern town of Polokwane. His 40-year-old brother was charged in the case.
    (AFP, 11/17/11)
2011        Nov 15, In western South Africa a 3-vehicle crash left 20 people dead.
    (AP, 11/15/11)
2011        Nov 15, A Swaziland spokesman said the cash-strapped country has pulled together enough loans from local banks and private businesses to pay government workers on time this month.
    (AFP, 11/15/11)
2011        Nov 15, Lawmakers from Thailand's ruling political party submitted a parliamentary motion to begin discussions over possibly shifting the capital city to prevent future flooding chaos. Bangkok, which is built on swampland, is slowly sinking and the floods currently besieging the city of 12 million people could be merely a foretaste of a grim future.
    (AFP, 11/15/11)
2011        Nov 15, A Tunisian official said Moncef Marzouki, a physician who headed that Tunisian League of Human Rights, will take on the role of interim president for the next year while a new constitution is being written.
    (SFC, 11/16/11, p.A2)
2011        Nov 15, Turkey canceled plans for oil exploration in Syria, while also threatening to cut electricity supplies after a spate of attacks by supporters of Syrian President Bashar Assad on its diplomatic missions.
    (AP, 11/15/11)
2011        Nov 15, A magnitude-5.2 quake shook eastern Turkey, already devastated by two powerful tremors.
    (AP, 11/15/11)
2011        Nov 15, Ugandan traders blockaded several streets in Kampala to protest at lengthening power blackouts they say are crippling businesses around the country.
    (AFP, 11/15/11)
2011        Nov 15, US Federal agents said they have seized 709 pounds (321 kg) of cocaine and arrested three men off the US island of St. John. The suspects' boat was first spotted Nov 11 by a maritime surveillance aircraft flying over the US Virgin Islands.
    (AP, 11/15/11)

2011        Nov 16, US President Barack Obama arrived in Australia and announced a new security agreement with Australia. Obama said the US would keep sending a clear message that China needs to accept the responsibilities that come with being a world power.
    (AP, 11/16/11)
2011        Nov 16, A California Legislative Analyst’s Office report said the state will collect billions of dollars less in revenue than expected and expect a budget deficit of $13 billion in the 2012-2013 fiscal year. California State Univ. trustees raised tuition by 9% as police in Long Beach clashed protesters at the system’s headquarters.
    (SFC, 11/17/11, p.A1)
2011        Nov 16, In San Francisco police arrested 95 protesters who occupied a downtown BofA office at Davis and California streets.
    (SFC, 11/17/11, p.A14)
2011        Nov 16, In Missouri Shelby Dasher (20) was charged with murdering her son, after prosecutors say she admitted beating him because he wouldn't stop crying. She had claimed her 13-month-old son vanished from his crib. People walking their dog found Tyler Dasher's body a day earlier near a cemetery about a mile from his home.
    (AP, 11/16/11)
2011        Nov 16, The Nebraska legislature voted 45-0 to advance a proposed law that would reroute the $7 billion TransCanada Keystone XL pipeline, avoiding the SandHills and Ogallala aquifer that environmental groups and many residents fear could be polluted by a spill.
    (Reuters, 11/16/11)
2011        Nov 16, Oscar Ramiro Ortega-Hernandez (21), a man with an apparent obsession with President Barack Obama, was arrested in Pennsylvania after the Secret Service discovered two bullets struck the White House while the president was away.
    (AP, 11/17/11)
2011        Nov 16, In Washington DC a band of millionaires stormed Capitol Hill to urge Congress to tax them more.
    (AP, 11/16/11)
2011        Nov 16, Google launched its new online music service.
    (Econ, 11/19/11, p.68)
2011        Nov 16, At least six people were killed and dozens more injured as a storm system that spawned several possible tornadoes moved across the Southeast. Suspected tornadoes were reported in Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama and South Carolina.
    (AP, 11/17/11)
2011        Nov 16, Afghan Pres. Karzai, at the opening of a grand council, or "loya jirga," told tribal elders that any ongoing partnership with the United States would need to include an end to widely unpopular nighttime raids by NATO and on the international forces handing over control of detention centers to Afghan troops. NATO said that three of its service members were killed in attacks in the south.
    (AP, 11/16/11)
2011        Nov 16, London officials attached eviction notices to protest tents outside St. Paul's Cathedral, asking the demonstrators to remove them within a day or face legal action. More than 200 tents have been pitched outside the iconic church since Oct. 15 in a protest against capitalist excess inspired by New York's Occupy Wall Street, and the protesters said they would resist attempts to move them.
    (AP, 11/16/11)
2011        Nov 16, Outspoken Chinese artist Ai Weiwei said he feels like he has paid a ransom, after depositing $1.3 million into a government account while he contests a huge tax bill months after being held in police detention.
    (AP, 11/16/11)
2011        Nov 16, In western China an overloaded school minibus crashed head-on with a truck, killing 21 people including 19 kindergarten children on their way to class in Gansu province.
    (AP, 11/16/11)(AFP, 11/17/11)
2011        Nov 16, Student leaders in Colombia called off a monthlong boycott of classes at public universities after the government met their demand to withdraw educational reform legislation.
    (AP, 11/16/11)
2011        Nov 16, Iran’s Cabinet approved a new regulation allowing tea houses to again offer water pipes to customers. The ban remains in place for other institutions, along with the general 2005 ban on smoking in restaurants, parks and other public places.
    (AP, 11/17/11)
2011        Nov 16, Iraq executed a Tunisian man convicted of the 2006 bombing of a revered Shiite shrine that set off the worst of the country's sectarian violence. Yusri Fakhir was convicted earlier this year of the bombing on the al-Askari shrine in Sunni city of Samarra.
    (AP, 11/17/11)
2011        Nov 16, In Iraq two Iranian pilgrims visiting Shiite shrines were killed when a bomb went off next to a minibus in which they were traveling.
    (AP, 11/16/11)
2011        Nov 16, Israel's domestic security agency Shin Bet said in a statement that Israeli forces have arrested four Palestinians accused of attacks against Israelis, including shooting at an army patrol. Israel allowed the first truckloads of a  rare shipment of construction materials into Gaza to allow the reconstruction of 10 privately owned factories.
    (AFP, 11/16/11)(SFC, 11/17/11, p.A2)
2011        Nov 16, Italy’s new premier Mario Monti (68) formed a new government of bankers, diplomats and business executives.
    (SFC, 11/17/11, p.A5)
2011        Nov 16, In Jordan Najm Zoubi (20) hung himself after he and two others were arrested for questioning in a case whose details remain unknown. Relatives, suspecting that policemen beat Zoubi to death, torched the state building and four cars in the northern town of Ramtha.
    (AP, 11/17/11)
2011        Nov 16, The presidents of Kenya, Uganda and Somalia said the dual-fronted fight against Islamist al-Shabab militants presents a "historic opportunity" to restore stability in Somalia.
    (AP, 11/16/11)
2011        Nov 16, In Kuwait opposition activists stormed the parliament building as opposition lawmakers called for the prime minister to be questioned over accusations that officials transferred state funds to bank accounts outside the country. On Nov 24 twenty opposition activists were arrested for the melee.
    (SSFC, 11/27/11, p.A10)
2011        Nov 16, Lithuania’s government decided to nationalize Snoras Bankas. On Nov 23 arrest warrants were issued for Vladimir Antonov and Raimondas Baranauskas, former shareholders in the bank, on charges including embezzlement and forgery. At least €300 was thought to be missing.
    (Econ, 11/19/11, p.87)
2011        Nov 16, In Mexico Victor Manuel Martinez Cortez, a federal prosecutor for the border state of Coahuila, was about to leave his home in Torreon when he was attacked and killed while sitting in his car.
    (AP, 11/16/11)
2011        Nov 16, In Pakistan a roadside bomb hit a minibus in the northwestern Tirah valley, killing six passengers and wounding two others. Militants attacked a military checkpoint in the Murghan area of the Kurram tribal region, killing one officer and wounding a soldier.
    (AP, 11/16/11)
2011        Nov 16, On board the USS Fitzgerald in Manila Bay US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and Philippine Foreign Secretary Albert del Rosario signed a declaration calling for multilateral talks to resolve maritime disputes such as those in the South China Sea, contrasting China's policy of negotiating one-on-one with the Philippines and other Asian claimants.
    (AP, 11/16/11)
2011        Nov 16, Federal agents in Puerto Rico said they have seized 225 kg (nearly 500 pounds) of cocaine more than $4 million from a house owned by pro boxer Ivan Calderon. Calderon said the house was one of a number of investment properties he owns and that he was not aware of any illegal activities there.
    (AP, 11/16/11)
2011        Nov 16, A court in Romania ordered the arrest of a Romanian man accused of hacking into NASA's servers in December, 2010, causing NASA losses of about $500,000 (euro371,000). A court spokesman said Robert Butyka (26) would be arrested for 29 days as he awaits trial.
    (AP, 11/16/11)
2011        Nov 16, The rebel Free Syrian Army announced the creation of a temporary military council with the aim of ousting the regime of President Bashar al-Assad and protecting civilians from his forces. Army defectors attacked military and intelligence bases near the capital and an army checkpoint during a spate of assaults, killing at least 8 soldiers and security forces in the central province of Hama. Arab ministers gave Damascus "three days to stop the bloody repression," as at least 23 people were killed in violence.
    (AFP, 11/16/11)(AP, 11/16/11)(AP, 11/17/11)
2011        Nov 16, US Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton announced a $10 million aid package for flood-ravaged Thailand during a visit to express solidarity.
    (AP, 11/16/11)
2011        Nov 16, Yemeni troops killed seven al-Qaida-linked militants, including an Iranian, a Pakistani and two Somali nationals, in the latest fighting in Zinjibar, provincial capital of Abyan. Anti-regime protesters, inspired by the suspension of Syria from the Arab League, staged a massive rally in Sanaa to urge the regional grouping to do the same with Yemen.
    (AP, 11/16/11)(AFP, 11/16/11)
2011        Nov 16, A Zimbabwe magistrate court freed three businessmen accused of espionage for allegedly selling state secrets to the United States, Canada and Afghanistan. Farai Rwodzi and Simba Mangwende, both executives at Africom Holdings, and Oliver Chiku of Global Satellite System still faced a lesser charge of violating the Post and Telecommunications Act.
    (AFP, 11/17/11)

2011        Nov 17, In California police cleared the Occupy Cal encampment in UC Berkeley’s Sproul Plaza, arresting 2 protesters and removing about 20 tents.
    (SFC, 11/18/11, p.A13)
2011        Nov 17, In the San Francisco Bay area Vallejo police officer James Capoot (45) was shot and killed while attempting to apprehend Henry Albert Smith (37), a suspect wanted in a robbery that had just occurred at the Bank of America at Springstowne Center.
    (SFC, 11/18/11, p.A1)(SFC, 11/30/11, p.C4)
2011        Nov 17, Michelle Parker (33) of Orlando, Fl., was last seen after her episode of “The People’s Court" aired on TV. Earlier in the day the episode aired in which Parker and with ex-fiance Dale Smith battled over whether Parker had to pay for a $5,000 engagement ring she tossed away during one of their spats. The judge ruled the two should split the cost.
    (SFC, 11/23/11, p.A7)
2011        Nov 17, Police arrested over 200 protesters who sat on the ground and blocked traffic into New York City's financial district, part of a day of mass gatherings in response to efforts to break up Occupy Wall Street camps nationwide.
    (AP, 11/17/11)(SFC, 11/18/11, p.A13)
2011        Nov 17, Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflika sacked Noureddine Cherouati, the managing director of state energy giant Sonatrach and gave his job to another senior official in the firm. Abdelhamid Zerguine, the head of Sonatrach's subsidiary at Lugano in Switzerland," was named to replace him.
    (AFP, 11/17/11)
2011        Nov 17, Australian scientists exploring areas of the Indian Ocean said they had found sunken parts of the megacontinent Gondwana which could offer clues on how the current world was formed. This would hopefully shed light on how Gondwana broke into present-day Australia, Antarctica and India between 80 and 130 million years ago.
    (AFP, 11/17/11)
2011        Nov 17, The Northern Rock bank, nationalized at the height of the global financial crisis in 2008, was sold to Richard Branson's Virgin Money at a loss for British taxpayers. The government agreed to sell Northern Rock to online lender Virgin Money for £747 million ($1.18 billion, 872 million euros) in cash, although the final amount could rise to about £1.0 billion.
    (AFP, 11/17/11)
2011        Nov 17, Brazilian authorities began investigating an offshore oil spill. Chevron says that between 400 and 650 barrels of oil have leaked from a well it was drilling off the coast of Rio de Janeiro. The leak totaled no more than 3,000 barrels.
    (AP, 11/17/11)(Econ, 12/31/11, p.23)
2011        Nov 17, Cambodia's UN-backed tribunal ruled that Ieng Thirith (79), a former senior Khmer Rouge leader, was unfit to stand trial for genocide and other crimes because she has Alzheimer's disease.
    (AP, 11/17/11)
2011        Nov 17, China's unmanned spacecraft Shenzhou VIII returned to Earth, state media reported, after completing two space dockings that have pushed forward the nation's ambitious space program.
    (AFP, 11/17/11)
2011        Nov 17, In Egypt attackers threw rocks and broken glass at a march by Coptic Christians in Cairo, injuring 10, in the latest outbreak of sectarian violence.
    (AP, 11/17/11)
2011        Nov 17, It was reported that Aliaa Magda Elmahdy (20), an Egyptian woman activist who posted nude pictures of herself on her blog to protest limits on free expression, has triggered an uproar in Egypt, drawing condemnations from conservatives and liberals alike.
    (AP, 11/17/11)
2011        Nov 17, It was reported that French company Fonroche plans invest $115 million to build a 44-megawatt solar farm in Puerto Rico. The farm will be built on 160 acres (65 hectares) and will provide power to the state-owned electric company as part of a 20-year, $240 million contract.
    (AP, 11/17/11)
2011        Nov 17, The 3-day East Asia Summit (EAS), bringing together the 10-member Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) and eight dialogue partners, opened on the Indonesian resort island of Bali. President Barack Obama became the first US leader to attend an East Asia summit. Leaders from 18 nations gathered to discuss territorial disputes in the South China Sea, democratic reforms in military-dominated Myanmar, mitigating natural disasters, currency, trade and other issues.
    (AP, 11/19/11)(Econ, 11/12/11, p.50)
2011        Nov 17, In Iraq four people were killed when a car bomb went off next to an Iraqi military patrol in Mahmoudiya.
    (AP, 11/17/11)
2011        Nov 17, Annual figures from Israel’s National Insurance Institute showed one in four Israelis was living under the poverty line in 2010, although the numbers showed an improvement since 2009.
    (AFP, 11/17/11)
2011        Nov 17, In Italy anti-austerity protesters clashed with riot police as PM Mario Monti appealed to Italians to accept sacrifices to save their country from bankruptcy.
    (SFC, 11/18/11, p.A2)
2011        Nov 17, Libyan militiamen, who fought the regime of ousted leader Moammar Gadhafi, marched through Tripoli demanding a voice in the formation of a new interim government. Libya's Muslim Brotherhood, repressed under the regime of fallen strongman Moamer Kadhafi, opened its first public congress inside the country for almost 25 years.
    (AP, 11/18/11)(AFP, 11/18/11)
2011        Nov 17, In Nigeria 3 hostages, two of them Americans, were kidnapped off the coast when gunmen attacked the MV C-Endeavour working with oil giant Chevron. The hostages were released on Dec 1.
    (AFP, 12/2/11)
2011        Nov 17, Norwegian security officials say the Nordic country has been hit by one of the most extensive data espionage attacks in the country's history. The Norwegian National Security Authority said industrial secrets from the oil, energy and defense industries have been stolen and disseminated.
    (AP, 11/17/11)
2011        Nov 17, In Pakistan suspected US drones fired four missiles at a compound in North Waziristan, killing eight alleged militants and wounding two others in the third such strike in as many days. Pakistani security forces pounded militant hideouts in the Orakzai tribal area, killing 25 suspected militants, and in the Kurram tribal area, killing 12 suspected militants. Saeed Abdul Salam, carrying a US and a Pakistani passport, detonated an explosive device when troops raided his apartment in Karachi.
    (AP, 11/17/11)(AP, 11/19/11)
2011        Nov 17, Puerto Rico's governor said he's allocating $20 million to provide police with more training and resources as the island suffers a record number of killings this year.
    (AP, 11/17/11)
2011        Nov 17, Somalia's Islamist rebels attacked government and African Union troops positions in Mogadishu, killing four civilians and wounding 12 others.
    (AFP, 11/17/11)
2011        Nov 17, Sudan’s government blocked South Sudanese oil exports through its Red Sea port due to a dispute over transit fees. The pipeline was not been shut down, but the south was not being allowed to ship its oil cargo out of Port Sudan.
    (AFP, 11/28/11)
2011        Nov 17, Taiwan media reported that the government is planning to send naval vessels to waters off Somalia for the first time to protect the island's fishing boats against pirates.
    (AFP, 11/17/11)
2011        Nov 17, The Tanzania-based International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) handed down a 15-year jail term for genocide to Gregory Ndahimana (59), a Rwandan former mayor, who in 1994 failed to stop police bulldozing a church, burying nearly 2,000 people sheltered inside.
    (AFP, 11/17/11)
2011        Nov 17, Syrian rebel troops hit youth offices of Syria's ruling Baath party, a day after a spectacular raid on a military intelligence base outside Damascus. Mohammad Riad Shakfa, the leader of Syria's exiled Muslim Brotherhood, said that his compatriots would accept Turkish "intervention" in the country to resolve months of bloody unrest. Syria said it had issued a warning to its citizens that they would be arrested and prosecuted if they took part in further attacks as security forces shot dead a nine-year-old girl. Government troops made sweeping arrests in the restive Hama province.
    (AFP, 11/17/11)(AP, 11/17/11)
2011        Nov 17, The UN nuclear agency said a Hungarian manufacturer of medical radioactive substances was "most probably" the source of increased radiation levels measured in several European countries in the past weeks.
    (AP, 11/17/11)
2011        Nov 17, The UN refugee agency said Yemen has seen a surge of refugees from Somalia and Ethiopia, with a record 12,545 arriving by sea last month as they fled unrest, famine and persecution.
    (AFP, 11/17/11)
2011        Nov 17, Venezuela’s Pres. Chavez ordered thousands of National Guard soldiers into the streets of Caracas and the surrounding states of Miranda and Vargas to help outgunned police curb widespread violent crime.
    (SFC, 11/18/11, p.A2)

2011        Nov 18, US Congress lifted a 5-year-old ban on funding horse meat inspections in a spending bill Pres. Obama signed into law to keep the government afloat until mid-December. The last US slaughterhouse that butchered horses closed in 2007 in Illinois. Animal welfare activists have warned of massive public outcry in any town where a slaughterhouse may open.
    (AP, 11/30/11)
2011        Nov 18, The US FCC released details of an order directing $4.5 billion a year from universal service and inter-carrier-compensation systems into a new connect America Fund (CAF) to give rural Americans access to high speed internet connections over the next 6 years.
    (Econ, 12/3/11, p.42)
2011        Nov 18, The LA Times reported that the Roman Catholic Diocese of Orange County, California is buying Robert Schuller's celebrated Protestant Crystal Cathedral megachurch for $57.5 million. On June 9, 2012, Bishop Tod Brown renamed it as Christ Cathedral.
    (http://tinyurl.com/7qn599h)(SSFC, 6/10/12, p.A10)
2011        Nov 18, An officer at California’s UC Davis calmly pepper-sprayed a line of several sitting protesters as onlookers shrieked and screamed out for the officer to stop. The next day video of the incident surfaced online. The chancellor of the University of California described the video images as "chilling" and said she was forming a task force to investigate even as a faculty group called for her resignation.
    (AP, 11/20/11)
2011        Nov 18, In Nevada a fire swept through an upscale community in the sierra foothills in southwest Reno destroying 32 homes. Nearly 10,000 people were forced to evacuate the area.
    (SSFC, 11/20/11, p.A16)
2011        Nov 18, New York authorities said an ambitious and organized identity-theft ring recruited waiters at steakhouses and other high-end restaurants to steal diners' credit-card information, then used it for luxury shopping sprees. 28 people were indicted on racketeering and other charges.
    (AP, 11/18/11)(SFC, 11/19/11, p.A5)
2011        Nov 18, In NYC hundreds of Muslims marched to police headquarters to protest a decade of police infiltrating mosques and spying on Muslim neighborhoods.
    (SFC, 11/19/11, p.A5)
2011        Nov 18, Findings detailed in today’s issue of the journal Science tell how scientists have devised ultra-lightweight, low-density metallic lattices with orderly structures. These possess higher levels of stiffness, strength and conductivity of conventional forms of their parent materials.
    (http://tinyurl.com/73h5bh4)
2011        Nov 18, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb exploded near a playground, killing four children and wounding six. A group of aid agencies warned that more than 2 million people are facing food shortages in northern Afghanistan after a drought and the situation could get even worse if winter snows cut off access to remote regions. A roadside bomb killed a member of the NATO-led military force in the south.
    (AP, 11/18/11)
2011        Nov 18, In Australia 4 people died as fires ravaged a nursing home in Sydney's suburban Quakers Hill neighborhood. A 5th died the next day and Nurse Roger Dean (35), who said he rescued patients from a fire, was charged with murder. On May 27, 2013 Dean pleaded guilty to murdering 11 elderly people by setting fire to their nursing home. On Aug 31, 2013, Dean was sentenced to life in prison.
    (AP, 11/19/11)(SFC, 5/28/13, p.A2)(AP, 8/1/13)
2011        Nov 18, In Austria the US and its Western allies bluntly accused Iran of deceiving the world and declared it could no longer dismiss evidence it is working secretly on making nuclear arms.
    (AP, 11/18/11)
2011        Nov 18, In Bahrain thousands of Shiite-led protesters calling for greater rights streamed into an area outside the capital Manama.
    (AP, 11/18/11)
2011        Nov 18, Pope Benedict XVI arrived in Benin, marking his second visit to Africa in a heartland of voodoo and warning against "unconditional submission" to the laws of the market and finance.
    (AFP, 11/18/11)
2011        Nov 18, Brazil's Pres. Dilma Rousseff signed a law establishing a truth commission to investigate human rights abuses by the military regime that ruled Latin America's biggest country from 1964 to 1985.
    (AP, 11/18/11)
2011        Nov 18, Brazil's environmental protection agency said nearly 110,000 gallons of oil may have spilled into the Atlantic Ocean because of a leak at an offshore Chevron drilling site. Chevron had said that only 16,800 to 27,300 gallons in total leaked into the ocean.
    (AP, 11/19/11)
2011        Nov 18, In western Brazil gunmen executed a chief of the Kaiowa-Guarani Indian tribe and disappeared with his body. More than 40 "hooded and heavily armed" gunmen raided the Tekoha Guaiviry village in Mato Grosso do Sul state and fatally shot chief Nisio Gomes. It appeared that the gunmen were hired by local ranchers seeking to intimidate and expel the tribe from land that both sides claim as their own.
    (AP, 11/18/11)
2011        Nov 18, Protesters facing a legal battle over the right to stay camped outside St. Paul's Cathedral said they have taken over a building owned by the UBS bank in east London.
    (AP, 11/18/11)
2011        Nov 18, In London Munir Patel (22), the first person to be convicted under new bribery laws, was jailed. He was given three years in prison for bribery offences and six years for misconduct in a public office, with the sentences to run concurrently. Patel had helped at least 53 individuals evade prosecution for driving offences.
    (AP, 11/18/11)
2011        Nov 18, Tens of thousands of Egyptians, dominated by the Muslim Brotherhood, rallied in Cairo's Tahrir square to protest against what they say are attempts by the country's military rulers to designate themselves as the guardians of a new Egypt. It was one of the largest rallies in Egypt in recent months.
    (AP, 11/18/11)
2011        Nov 18, The European Commission said an extra 10 million euros ($13.5 million) in humanitarian funding will go on addressing "major shortfalls" in food in the Sahel region. The crisis is affecting 7 million people in Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger and Nigeria.
    (AFP, 11/19/11)
2011        Nov 18, In Germany a 52-vehicle pileup on the A31 autobahn near the town of Gronau in the northwest left three people dead and 35 injured.
    (AP, 11/19/11)   
2011        Nov 18, Greece predicted that its budget deficit will fall sharply next year and insisted that no fresh austerity measures will be needed to plug a hole in this year's finances.
    (AP, 11/18/11)
2011        Nov 18, India's Reliance Industries and British giant BP announced the creation of an equal joint venture firm to source and market natural gas in India.
    (AFP, 11/18/11)
2011        Nov 18, Indonesia’s Lion Air said it is planning to buy 230 planes from Boeing Co. The list price of $21.7 billion will be paid over 12 years though bank financing.
    (AP, 11/18/11)
2011        Nov 18, In eastern Indonesia gunmen killed a mining company guard and wounded two policemen in a patrol car near the large Freeport-McMoRan gold mine.
    (AP, 11/18/11)
2011        Nov 18, In Iraq bombs targeting security personnel killed 9 people including 5 family members of a policeman in Saqlawiyah and 4 people in the Baghdad suburb of Abu Graib.
    (AP, 11/18/11)
2011        Nov 18, More than 1,000 Jordanians marched after Muslim weekly prayers in a protest called by opposition Islamists pushing for political reform and an end to corruption.
    (AFP, 11/18/11)
2011        Nov 18, In Kazakhstan US Embassy spokesman Jon Larsen said the Peace Corps will be leaving the country. Volunteers posted messages online linking the move to rapes and other attacks. The Peace Corps has sent around 1,000 volunteers to serve in the country since it started operations there in 1993.
    (AP, 11/18/11)
2011        Nov 18, Moammar Gadhafi's son Seif al-Islam (39), the only wanted member of the ousted ruling family to remain at large, was captured as he traveled with aides in a convoy in Libya's southern desert. He was captured by revolutionary forces from the mountain town of Zintan who had been tracking him for days.
    (AP, 11/19/11)
2011        Nov 18, Myanmar's main opposition party, led by Nobel laureate Aung San Suu Kyi, decided to rejoin politics and register for future elections, signaling its confidence in recent reforms by the military-aligned government.
    (AP, 11/18/11)
2011        Nov 18, Nigeria established its first sovereign wealth fund hoping to curb the plunder of oil revenues.
    (Econ, 11/12/11, p.56)
2011        Nov 18, In northeast Nigeria two soldiers and a child were killed after members of a radical Muslim sect ambushed them in Maiduguri. Two officers were killed after gunmen blew up a police station in central Nigeria and attacked a bank branch in Kabba.
    (AP, 11/19/11)(AP, 11/20/11)
2011        Nov 18, A ship was attacked off the Nigeria coast near a Chevron offshore oil field and 3 people abducted.
    (AP, 11/18/11)
2011        Nov 18, Amnesty International reported that South Sudan has released two journalists without charge who were detained for weeks for criticizing President Salva Kiir’s family. Ngor Garang, editor-in-chief of Destiny newspaper, and reporter Dengdit Ayok were arrested in Juba at the beginning of this month after Ayok wrote an opinion article accusing the president of "staining his patriotism" by allowing his daughter to marry an Ethiopian man.
    (AFP, 11/19/11)
2011        Nov 18, Syria said it has agreed "in principle" to allow an observer mission into the country, as security forces killed at least 16 anti-government protesters and France called for tough UN Security Council action.
    (AP, 11/18/11)(AP, 11/19/11)
2011        Nov 18, The UN downgraded famine declarations in three Somali regions, but warned the crisis remains the worst in the world with nearly 250,000 people facing imminent starvation.
    (AFP, 11/18/11)

2011        Nov 19, Jose Pimentel (27), a Muslim convert and al-Qaida sympathizer, was arrested for allegedly making bombs in New York City. He was inspired by radical cleric Anwar Awlaki and was allegedly plotting to attack US servicemen and police officers.
    (AP, 11/21/11)
2011        Nov 19, Thousands of people gathered at the Wisconsin capitol to demand a recall of Republican Governor Scott Walker, whose controversial and successful drive to limit public unions last winter sparked the biggest protests in the state since the Vietnam War.
    (Reuters, 11/20/11)
2011        Nov 19, I. Michael Heyman (81), former chancellor of UC Berkeley (1980-1990) and former head of the Smithsonian Institute (1994-1999), died in Berkeley.
    (SFC, 11/22/11, p.C4)
2011        Nov 19, Robert Champion (26), a Florida A&M drum major, died after he was beaten to death on a bus by fellow students in a hazing ritual. On May 2, 2012, thirteen students were charged with felony and misdemeanor offenses related to his death. On Sep 18, 2015, Florida A&M settled  a wrongful death suit for $1.1 million and an apology.
    (SFC, 5/3/12, p.A6)(SFC, 9/18/15, p.A5)
2011        Nov 19, A traditional Afghan national assembly endorsed President Hamid Karzai's decision to negotiate a long-term security pact with the US but imposed some conditions, including an end to unpopular night raids by military forces searching for insurgents.
    (AP, 11/19/11)
2011        Nov 19, Azeri snipers fired into the disputed breakaway enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh killing one Armenian soldier. A 2nd soldier was killed the next day.
    (AP, 11/21/11)
2011        Nov 19, In Bahrain Ali Youssef Bagdar (16) died in the early morning after a police vehicle ran him over during a demonstration in the Juffair area of Manama. Dozens were wounded when security forces attacked a funeral procession for the 16-year-old boy.
    (AP, 11/19/11)(AP, 11/20/11)
2011        Nov 19, In Benin Pope Benedict XVI called on Africa's leaders to stop depriving their people of hope and to govern responsibly, just hours before he planned to unveil an 87-page pastoral guide for the continent.
    (AP, 11/19/11)
2011        Nov 19, In Bhutan a Climate Summit for a Living Himalayas was held in Bhutan's capital Thimphu. India, Nepal, Bangladesh and Bhutan agreed to cooperate on energy, water, food and biodiversity issues.
    (AP, 11/20/11)
2011        Nov 19, China’s Premier Wen Jiabao told US President Barack Obama that China would increase the flexibility of the yuan while stressing that reforms had already had an effect. The spoke on the sidelines of the East Asia Summit in Indonesia.
    (AFP, 11/19/11)
2011        Nov 19, In eastern China 14 workers were killed in an explosion at a chemical plant.
    (AFP, 11/24/11)
2011        Nov 19, Egyptian police fired rubber bullets and tear gas in clashes with protesters on as they broke up a sit-in organized by people injured during the Arab Spring, triggering a heated skirmish. Two protesters were killed.
    (AFP, 11/19/11)(SSFC, 11/20/11, p.A6)
2011        Nov 19, Several hundred Ethiopian troops crossed into southern and central Somalia, local elders said, but Addis Ababa dismissed the reports as "absolutely not true."
    (AFP, 11/19/11)
2011        Nov 19, Israeli researcher Dror Etkes said 375 acres from the Palestinian village of Bardaleh have been annexed to the Israeli Kibbutz Meirav.
    (AP, 11/19/11)
2011        Nov 19, Japan’s the new Institute of Science and Technology was inaugurated as a graduate university in Okinawa.
    (Econ, 11/19/11, p.91)
2011        Nov 19, In Nepal government monitors began asking 19,000 former rebels whether they will join the army or leave with cash to start new lives, five years after ending their insurgency to join a peace process.
    (AP, 11/19/11)
2011        Nov 18, In the Philippines police arrested former Pres. Gloria Macapagal Arroyo on charges of electoral fraud. Police allowed her to remain in hospital for health reasons.
    (SFC, 11/19/11, p.A2)
2011        Nov 19, Syrian troops stormed the town of Shezar in the central province of Hama and the restive Jabal al-Zawiya region near the Turkish border in search of regime opponents. At least 15 people were killed.
    (AP, 11/19/11)(SSFC, 11/20/11, p.A10)
2011        Nov 19, Thailand's Premier Yingluck Shinawatra declared central Bangkok safe from the kingdom's devastating floods, as the death toll passed 600 and President Barack Obama vowed the US will give whatever help it can.
    (AFP, 11/19/11)
2011        Nov 19, In Tunisia the three parties making up the new ruling coalition divided up the top government jobs between them. Ennahda's Hamadi Jebali will become prime minister. Congress for the Republic party leader Moncef Marzouki will become president. The leader of the left of center Ettakatol, or forum, party will become speaker of the assembly.
    (AP, 11/19/11)
2011        Nov 19, In Turkey delegates at an international conservation meeting agreed on a measure mandating that silky sharks accidentally caught in fishing gear be released back into the sea alive. The 48-member International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT) failed to reach consensus on other threatened shark species. To fight illegal fishing, ICCAT members decided that vessels measuring 12 meters or more, instead of the previous 20 meters or more, would be inspected on arrival to port.
    (AP, 11/19/11)

2011        Nov 20, It was reported that South Carolina authorities have charged one person in connection with the mess of roughly 250,000 tires, which covers more than 50 acres on satellite images. Records showed the property is owned by Michael Keitt Jr. of Far Rockaway, NY.
    (AP, 11/20/11)
2011        Nov 20, Ted Forstmann, private equity pioneer, died. He and his brother Nick and Brian Little founded Forstmann Little in 1978.
    (Econ, 12/3/11, p.78)
2011        Nov 20, In eastern Afghanistan over 1,000 university students blocked a main highway Jalalabad city to protest any agreement that would allow US troops to remain in the country after a planned transfer of authority in 2014. The Interior Ministry said Afghan and international forces killed 16 insurgents in fighting over the past three days in Nuristan province.
    (AP, 11/20/11)
2011        Nov 20, In Benin Pope Benedict XVI led tens of thousands of people in a panoply of African tongues during a Mass in the national soccer stadium. He formally delivered to Africa's bishops an 87-page document known as a treatise. It applies church doctrine to address the continent's ills, especially the wars and conflicts caused by ethnic divisions and has been called a "papal road map" for Africa.
    (AP, 11/20/11)
2011        Nov 20, Eighteen Church of England bishops have signed an open letter published on Sunday criticizing planned welfare reforms, in a rare intervention by the religious establishment in politics. The bishops said that plans to cap the amount any household can claim in benefits at £500 ($790, 580 euros) a week risked pushing vulnerable children into poverty.
    (AFP, 11/20/11)
2011        Nov 20, Egyptian riot police clashed for a second day in downtown Cairo with some five thousand rock-throwing protesters demanding that the ruling military quickly announce a date to hand over power to an elected government. Egypt's culture minister resigned in protest at the government response to demonstrations in Cairo's Tahrir Square.
    (AP, 11/20/11)(AFP, 11/21/11)
2011        Nov 20, In India a fire blazed through a makeshift tent in east Delhi where eunuchs, a community of castrated men, transvestites and transsexuals, had gathered to honor deceased friends. 15 people were killed.
    (AP, 11/21/11)
2011        Nov 20, Iranian media reported that authorities have imposed a two-month ban on a reformist newspaper, Etemad, for printing what the country's press watchdog said was "lies and insults" to officials.
    (AFP, 11/20/11)
2011        Nov 20, In Israel officials and the "All for Peace" radio station operators said the government has ordered the shutdown of a dovish Israeli-Palestinian radio station. A shutdown order was issued last week. The West Bank station, which has been operating since 2004, said it would go to court in Israel to try to get back on the air.
    (AP, 11/20/11)
2011        Nov 20, Libya’s the information minister said Seif al-Islam Gadhafi, Moammar Gadhafi's son and one-time heir apparent, will be tried in Libya and not handed over to the International Criminal Court even though the country's new rulers have yet to set up a justice system.
    (AP, 11/20/11)
2011        Nov 20, In Mexico Durango state prosecutors said troops found the remains of seven people in the town of San Juan del Rio, about 60 miles (100 km) north of the state capital, the city of Durango.
    (AP, 11/21/11)
2011        Nov 20, Myanmar ended 2 days of peace talks with 5 ethnic armies on the Thai-Burma border. More meetings were scheduled in upcoming months.
    (SFC, 11/23/11, p.A7)
2011        Nov 20, In Pakistani gunmen in Baluchistan province torched three trucks carrying supplies for NATO troops in Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 11/20/11)
2011        Nov 20, South Korean President Lee Myung-Bak arrived in Manila for a three-day state visit at the invitation of Philippine President Benigno Aquino.
    (AP, 11/20/11)
2011        Nov 20, South Sudan rebel chief George Athor vowed to continue battling the government in Juba and demanded new elections to end his bloody war.
    (AFP, 11/20/11)
2011        Nov 20, Spain held a national election. It was expected to become the third eurozone country in as many weeks to throw out its governing party in an attempt to dig itself out of an economic crisis. Opposition leader Mariano Rajoy (56) and his conservative Popular Party were expected to win control of Parliament in a landslide. The Popular Party won 186 seats in the 350-seats lower chamber of Parliament, compared with 154 in the last legislature. The Socialists plummeted from 169 seats to 110, their worst performance ever.
    (AP, 11/20/11)(AP, 11/21/11)
2011        Nov 20, Reports said a Sri Lankan government probe into the civil war against Tamil rebels has called for further investigations of alleged war crimes committed in the final stages of fighting in 2009. The Lessons Learnt and Reconciliation Commission (LLRC), which has been widely criticized as biased by international rights groups, concluded that some evidence warranted a new inquiry.
    (AFP, 11/20/11)
2011        Nov 20, Swaziland's king Mswati III's 12th wife, who was last year caught in bed with the justice minister, said she has been kicked out of the palace after pepper-spraying a security guard, who refused her effort to leave the palace to take her child to hospital. LaDube (23) is the third of Mswati's 13 wives to leave the palace since 2004.
    (AFP, 11/20/11)
2011        Nov 20, The Arab League said it has rejected amendments proposed by Syria to a peace plan to end the crisis in the country, saying the changes put forward by Damascus alter the "essence" of the plan. Syria's foreign minister attacked the Arab League for suspending Damascus and accused the organization of being used as a "tool" by the West.
    (AP, 11/20/11)
2011        Nov 20, Turkish President Abdullah Gul in published comments said there was "no place for authoritarian regimes" in the Mediterranean region, heaping more pressure on the embattled Syrian regime.
    (AFP, 11/20/11)

2011        Nov 21, The US approved extra curbs on Iran’s banking system and oil industry in an ongoing effort to thwart the country’s nuclear program.
    (SFC, 12/1/11, p.A3)
2011        Nov 21, US Congress' super-committee conceded ignominious defeat in its quest to conquer a government debt that stands at a staggering $15 trillion, unable to overcome deep and enduring political divisions over taxes and spending. Their failure to cut at least $1.2 trillion was set to trigger automatic spending cuts.
    (AP, 11/21/11)(SFC, 11/22/11, p.A6)
2011        Nov 21, Arizona police arrested Jerice Hunter, the mother of missing Jhessye Shockley (5), on child abuse charges "directly related" to the girl, and said they don't believe they'll find the child alive. Jhessye was last seen Oct. 11 after Hunter said she went out for an errand and left the girl in the care of three older siblings.
    (AP, 11/21/11)
2011        Nov 21, Robert Burke (43), a former elementary school principal in Dubuque, Iowa, was sentenced to 30 years in prison after pleading guilty to one count of producing child pornography involving students at his school. Burke was also fined $25,000.
    (AFP, 11/22/11)
2011        Nov 21, An Argentine air force Piper P-28 Dakota collided with a civilian plane being used for flight school training as both were nearing the small airport in the town of Mercedes. 2 people were killed when the civilian plane crashed.
    (AP, 11/21/11)
2011        Nov 21, Armenia said it will retaliate for the weekend killings of two ethnic Armenian soldiers by Azeri snipers who fired into a disputed breakaway enclave.
    (AP, 11/21/11)
2011        Nov 21, Authorities in Bahrain said prosecutors have charged 20 members of the security forces for alleged abuse of protesters during a Shiite-led uprising against the Gulf kingdom's Sunni rulers.
    (AP, 11/21/11)
2011        Nov 21, The International Monetary Fund urged Bangladesh to tighten monetary policy further to fight runaway inflation and warned that economic growth could undershoot the government's expectations.
    (AFP, 11/21/11)
2011        Nov 21, Brazil’s Ministry of the Environment, IBAMA, said it will fine Chevron Corp. nearly $28 million for the Nov 7 oil spill off the coast of Rio de Janeiro state. In December an additional $5.6 million was added for poor contingency planning.
    (SSFC, 11/27/11, p.A10)(Econ, 12/31/11, p.23)
2011        Nov 21, Britain’s PM David Cameron and deputy PM Nick Clegg launched a scheme to support first-time home buyers through a scheme enabling them to take out 95% mortgages. They will pledged an extra £50 million on top of the £100 million from this year's budget towards an initiative to refurbish empty homes.
    (AFP, 11/21/11)
2011        Nov 21, Burundi security forces shot dead 18 "armed bandits" in clashes in the eastern province of Cankuzo, part of a new rebellion based in Ruvubu National Park.
    (AFP, 11/22/11)
2011        Nov 21, A Canadian judge upheld an order to evict protesters camped in a downtown Toronto park, giving the Occupy Toronto movement until midnight to vacate the park it has held for more than a month.
    (Reuters, 11/21/11)
2011        Nov 21, Colombia’s National Police Director Oscar Naranjo said 14 members of a gang led by Daniel Barrera (aka Loco), one of the country's most wanted drug trafficking suspects, were detained over the weekend in Bogota, Barranquilla and Cartagena.
    (AP, 11/21/11)
2011        Nov 21, The World Health Organization said 5,000 cases of Acute Watery Diarrhea (AWD) have already been reported this year in Djibouti compared to 2,000 in 2010. Djibouti reported two deaths since October and 127 new cases this month.
    (AFP, 11/21/11)
2011        Nov 21, Egyptian security forces fired tear gas and clashed with several thousand protesters in Cairo's Tahrir Square in the third straight day of violence that has turned into the most sustained challenge yet to the rule of Egypt's military. 19 more people were killed over night raising the death toll to 24 since the violence began on Nov 19. Egypt's military-appointed cabinet of civilian officials announced its resignation late in the day, but state television quoted a SCAF source as saying this was rejected by the military. 3 American students (Derrik Sweeney (19) of Georgetown University, Luke Gates (21) of Indiana University student, and Gregory Porter (19) of Drexel University student) accused of throwing firebombs, were among those arrested. They were ordered released on Nov 24.
    (AP, 11/21/11)(AFP, 11/22/11)(SFC, 11/23/11, p.A4)(AP, 11/24/11)
2011        Nov 21, In India lawmakers in Uttar Pradesh, India's most populous state, voted to support a call for it to be split into four smaller states. State Chief Minister Mayawati’s idea is to create four new states called Purvanchal, Bundelkhand, Paschim Pradesh and Awadh Pradesh. The final decision was up to the Congress party-led central government.
    (AP, 11/21/11)
2011        Nov 21, The New Delhi-based Asian Centre for Human Rights (ACHR) said in a report released today that 1,504 people died in police custody and 12,727 in judicial custody across the country between 2001 and 2010.
    (AFP, 11/22/11)
2011        Nov 21, Jordan's King Abdullah II paid a rare visit to the West Bank to show support for Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas.
    (AP, 11/21/11)
2011        Nov 21, In Libya Abdullah Al-Senoussi, Moammar Gadhafi's intelligence chief, was captured alive by revolutionary fighters not far from where Gadhafi's son was seized a day earlier.
    (AP, 11/21/11)
2011        Nov 21, Madagascar announced a 35-member cabinet unveiled by consensus PM Omer Beriziky.
    (AFP, 11/23/11)
2011        Nov 21, In Mali army chiefs from Algeria, Mali, Mauritania and Niger, met in Bamako amid mounting concerns over the fallout from Libya's conflict on security in the troubled zone.
    (AFP, 11/21/11)
2011        Nov 21, In Mexico assailants kidnapped and killed three police officers in the city of Acuna, across the border from Del Rio, Texas. Hidalgo state police said authorities detained eight local police officers for allegedly working for the Zetas. Military authorities said soldiers in the border state of Chihuahua detained two police chiefs while they were meeting with an alleged drug trafficker.
    (AP, 11/21/11)
2011        Nov 21, The Mexican army seized $15.3 million in bundles of cash believed to belong to members of the Sinaloa drug cartel. Soldiers found the piles of US bills inside a car in a downtown neighborhood of the border city of Tijuana, along with two rifles, two pistols and three kilograms (6.6 pounds) of cocaine.
    (AP, 11/22/11)
2011        Nov 21, In Nigeria at least seven people died in a clash in the Barkin Ladi area near the city of Jos.
    (AP, 11/24/11)
2011        Nov 21, In Pakistan senior commanders in the Pakistani Taliban claimed to be holding initial peace talks with the government that could end a wave of bombings that has killed thousands of people. Gunmen ambushed a paramilitary Frontier Corps convoy in Baluchistan province, killing 14 soldiers. The Baluchistan Liberation Army claimed responsibility.
    (AFP, 11/21/11)(AP, 11/21/11)
2011        Nov 21, A Russian Soyuz capsule with 3 astronauts returned from the Int’l. Space Station landed in Kazakhstan after spending 165 days in space.
    (SFC, 11/22/11, p.A2)
2011        Nov 21, Vitaly Shlykov (77), a former Soviet intelligence agent who spent years in a Swiss prison (1983-1986) after being convicted of espionage, died in Moscow. After his retirement two years later, he became a prominent scholar specializing in military policy and wrote extensively on security issues.
    (AP, 11/21/11)
2011        Nov 21, In southern Senegal 10 people were killed by separatist rebels in the jungles of the Casamance region, which is separated from the rest of Senegal by the nation of Gambia.
    (AP, 11/22/11)
2011        Nov 21, Spain's conservative Popular Party began tackling the gigantic task of lifting the country out of its worst economic crisis in decades, following an overwhelming and historic victory in the general election.
    (AP, 11/21/11)
2011        Nov 21, Sri Lanka announced a surprise three percent depreciation of the rupee against a basket of currencies in a move to boost exports, as it released a 2012 budget that boosts defense spending. Lawmakers from the ruling party attacked opposition members who were protesting inside Parliament as Pres. Mahinda Rajapaksa presented next year's budget.
    (AFP, 11/21/11)(AP, 11/21/11)
2011        Nov 21, Syria's security forces carried out a "qualitative" operation in the Bayada district of Homs in which they killed four terrorists and confiscated their weapons. A "top terrorist" nicknamed Bandar was among them. Syrian soldiers opened fire on at least two buses carrying Turkish citizens.
    (AP, 11/22/11)
2011        Nov 21, Tanzania's PM Mizengo Pinda said eight suspects have been sentenced to death by hanging for the murder of albinos since a wave of witchcraft killings erupted in 2007. More than 60 albinos have been murdered in Tanzania since 2007 and their body parts chopped off to be sold to witch doctors.
    (AFP, 11/21/11)

2011        Nov 22, The US Dept. of Justice said that drugmaker Merck will pay $950 million to resolve investigations into its marketing of the painkiller Vioxx.
    (SFC, 11/23/11, p.D2)
2011        Nov 22, Occupy Wall Street protesters arrived in Washington, DC, following a 231-mile trek and planned a day of action for Nov 23.
    (SFC, 11/23/11, p.A13)
2011        Nov 22, A British soldier was reported killed by an explosion in Afghanistan while on patrol in Central Helmand province.
    (AFP, 11/22/11)
2011        Nov 22, A British court ruled in favor of a group of more than 100 Iraqi civilians who have demanded a new public inquiry into allegations of torture against British soldiers. Some 128 Iraqis claim torture and inhuman and degrading treatment by British soldiers and interrogators in Iraq between March 2003 and December 2008.
    (AFP, 11/22/11)
2011        Nov 22, A Burundi rights group, the Government Action Observatory (OAG), said government-backed death squads have killed more than 300 members of a former rebel group and opposition supporters in covert operations over the past five months.
    (AFP, 11/22/11)
2011        Nov 22, Cameroon and Nigeria appealed for international funds to help mark the last 250 km (155 miles) of their disputed border that remains undecided.
    (AP, 11/23/11)
2011        Nov 22, A Cameroon court sentenced three gay men, arrested in July, to five years imprisonment and a fine, the heaviest sentence provided by local law, which bans homosexuality.
    (AFP, 11/23/11)
2011        Nov 22, Chilean police clashed with some 1,000 protesters who gathered to condemn the gathering in honor of former brigadier Miguel Krassnoff, who is serving a 144-year sentence for kidnappings and killings from 1973-1990.
    (SFC, 11/23/11, p.A2)
2011        Nov 22, In CongoDRC gunmen in Kinshasa shot dead opposition lawmaker Marius Gangale in the latest violent episode ahead of the weekend elections.
    (AFP, 11/23/11)
2011        Nov 22, A survey of some 6,000 people over the last 12 months in Democratic Republic of Congo, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Zambia and  Zimbabwe said police are the most corrupt institution in the six countries.
    (AFP, 11/22/11)
2011        Nov 22, The European Commission announced that it will send additional aid to Afghanistan to help drought victims in need of food for themselves and their animals before winter snows block roads. That brings the total commission response to the Afghan drought to euro4.5 million, or about $6.1 million.
    (AP, 11/22/11)
2011        Nov 22, In Egypt tens of thousands of protesters swarmed Cairo's Tahrir Square to demand an end to military rule, as the ruling Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF) was locked in crisis talks with a number of political forces in a bid to defuse the crisis.
    (AFP, 11/22/11)
2011        Nov 22, In France Danielle Mitterrand (b.1924), a decorated member of the French Resistance and combative advocate for the poor who broke the mold as first lady alongside France's first Socialist president, died.
    (AP, 11/22/11)
2011        Nov 22, The president of Guinea-Bissau, Malam Bacai Sanha (64), was hospitalized in Senegal's capital Dakar and will later be transferred to Paris for treatment.
    (AFP, 11/24/11)
2011        Nov 22, Indian IT entrepreneur Sabeer Bhatia launched a free text messaging service, JaxtrSMS, promising that it would be as revolutionary as his previous venture, Hotmail.
    (AFP, 11/22/11)
2011        Nov 22, In eastern India 7 people including a four-year-old girl and an Australian woman died when a fire swept through an overnight train in Jharkhand state.
    (AFP, 11/22/11)
2011        Nov 22, In Indonesia the Southeast Asian Games were formally closed by Indonesia Vice President Budiono. Indonesia earned a table-topping 182 golds among 476 medals, followed by Thailand with 109 among 329.
    (AP, 11/22/11)
2011        Nov 22, Iraqi and American officials said the US has handed over all of the remaining detainees in US custody in Iraq, except for Ali Mussa Daqduq, a Lebanese Hezbollah commander linked to the death of four American troops.
    (AP, 11/22/11)
2011        Nov 22, The International Criminal Court's prosecutor said that Libya can put Moammar Gadhafi's son and one-time heir apparent on trial at home, but that The Hague court's judges must be involved in the case. Libya’s PM Abdurrahim el-Keib appointed Osama al-Juwali, head of the military council in Zintan.
    (AP, 11/22/11)(SFC, 11/23/11, p.A3)
2011        Nov 22, In Malaysia former US president George W Bush and British ex-prime minister Tony Blair were found guilty at a mock tribunal for committing "crimes against peace" during the Iraq war. The Kuala Lumpur War Crimes Tribunal, part of an initiative by former Malaysian premier Mahathir Mohamad, a fierce critic of the Iraq war, found the former leaders guilty after a four-day hearing.
    (AFP, 11/22/11)
2011        Nov 22, Nigerian authorities arrested and arraigned Sen. Mohammed Ali Ndume of the ruling People's Democratic Party for allegedly being the sponsor of Ali Sanda Umar Konduga, one of several spokesmen for Boko Haram. The senator belonged to a committee looking at possible peace talks with Boko Haram. A day earlier Konduga also implicated a former Nigerian ambassador, now dead, as well as a former governor in Nigeria's northeast in Boko Haram's creation.
    (AP, 11/23/11)
2011        Nov 22, Pakistan's government asked Hussain Haqqani, its US envoy, to resign and ordered a probe into claims that he sought American help against the country's powerful military. A memo from Pres. Zardari was delivered to US Admiral Mullen on May 10, offering that a "new national security team" would end relations between Pakistani intelligence and Afghan militants, namely the Taliban and its Haqqani faction.
    (AFP, 11/22/11)
2011        Nov 22, Pakistan rowed back from demands that text messages containing nearly 1,700 "obscene" words should be blocked, following outrage from users and campaigners. A Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) spokesman said the authority would consult civil society representatives and mobile phone operators on refining a much shorter list of words, giving no timeframe for any eventual ban.
    (AFP, 11/22/11)
2011        Nov 22, Romanian lawmakers voted to make it legal to euthanize the thousands of stray dogs that roam the country's streets, angering animal rights activists who have lobbied for months to stop the measure. The law will allow officials to round up homeless dogs from the street, hold them in shelters for 30 days and then have them killed. President Traian Basescu was expected to sign the law.
    (AP, 11/22/11)
2011        Nov 22, Serbian police arrested 17 people suspected of trafficking hundreds of illegal immigrants from Africa and Asia toward western Europe. Border officials found 12 illegal migrants attempting to cross into Serbia from Macedonia.
    (AP, 11/22/11)
2011        Nov 22, Somali civilians bore the brunt of violence in the war-torn nation, with a roadside bomb killing 10 in the capital and fighter jet strikes in the south claiming three lives.
    (AFP, 11/22/11)
2011        Nov 22, South Africa’s governing African National Congress pushed a bill through parliament (229-107) to protect state secrets, despite strong objections from the opposition. Pres. Zuma was expected to approve the secrecy bill. Pretoria’s Mayor Kgosientso Ramokgopa said the city will be renamed Tshwane by the end of 2012, with main roads also given names of anti-apartheid leaders.
    (AP, 11/22/11)(AFP, 11/22/11)(Econ, 11/19/11, p.62)
2011        Nov 22, Tunisia's newly elected assembly held its inaugural meeting, ready to start shaping the constitution and the democratic future of the country that sparked the Arab Spring uprisings.
    (AP, 11/22/11)
2011        Nov 22, Turkey's PM Erdogan said that Syria's Pres. Bashar Assad must step down over the country's crackdown on dissent. 6 children and 5 mutinous soldiers were among 34 people killed across Syria. 122 countries voted for a resolution at the UN General Assembly's human rights committee condemning the government crackdown.
    (AP, 11/22/11)(Reuters, 11/23/11)(AFP, 11/23/11)
2011        Nov 22, The UN secretary-general's envoy to Yemen said all parties have agreed on a plan under which longtime President Ali Abdullah Saleh would step down. A date for signing the deal was yet to be set.
    (AP, 11/22/11)
2011        Nov 22, In Yemen 3 Red Cross workers including a French national were kidnapped while traveling in the restive south. All 3 were released on Nov 24. The kidnappers had been assured that activists from the autonomist Southern Movement would be released from government custody once they freed the hostages.
    (AP, 11/23/11)(AFP, 11/24/11)

2011        Nov 23, Legendary musician Jimi Hendrix was named the greatest guitar player in history by Rolling Stone magazine in a list compiled by a panel of music experts and top guitar players.
    (Reuters, 11/23/11)
2011        Nov 23, In Arizona 6 people on board a small twin-engine plane were killed when it crashed in a ball of fire in a remote area of the Superstition Mountains east of Phoenix. The dead included a pilot and his 3 children.
    (Reuters, 11/23/11)(SFC, 11/25/11, p.A14)
2011        Nov 23, US federal authorities in Ohio charged Sam Mullet and six others with hate crimes in haircutting attacks against other Amish.
    (SFC, 11/24/11, p.A14)
2011        Nov 23, Global stocks fell again following figures a day earlier that showed the US economy grew less than anticipated in the third quarter and the surprising news that Germany failed to raise as much money as it was looking for in an auction of its supposedly top-rated debt.
    (AP, 11/23/11)
2011        Nov 23, Rafiq Tagi, a prominent Azeri journalist, died in Baku four days after he was stabbed six times by an unknown assailant. Tagi claimed the attack was retaliation for his opinion piece published earlier this month that criticized the government of neighboring Iran.
    (AP, 11/23/11)
2011        Nov 23, Bahrain riot police fired tear gas and stun grenades at demonstrators after clashes erupted just hours before the release of an independent report into alleged abuses by security forces against the country's majority Shiites, who have opened a sustained uprising for greater rights. Cherif Basiouni, former UN war-crimes lawyer and chair of a 5-person panel, described systematic torture of prisoners by security forces. A $53 million US arms deal with Bahrain is on hold until the upcoming report is examined.
    (AP, 11/23/11)(Econ, 11/19/11, p.60)
2011        Nov 23, In Canada one woman was arrested as police cleared tents from the Occupy Toronto protest in a move to end the weeks-long encampment, though some demonstrators chained themselves inside barricaded tents and vowed to stay.
    (Reuters, 11/23/11)
2011        Nov 23, Czech architect Karel Hubacek (87) was reported dead. His famed 1973 tower hotel, which also serves as a television transmitter on the nearby Jested mountain was named the most significant Czech building of the 20th century.
    (AP, 11/26/11)
2011        Nov 23, Egyptian police clashed with anti-government protesters for a fifth day in central Cairo as a rights group raised the overall death toll from the ongoing unrest to at least 38. The UN strongly condemned what it called the use of excessive force by security forces.
    (AP, 11/23/11)
2011        Nov 23, A French court ruled that former dictator Manuel Noriega can be extradited to Panama to serve time for past crimes, more than 20 years after being ousted and arrested in a US invasion.
    (AP, 11/23/11)
2011        Nov 23, Indonesian police said they have arrested two plantation workers for killing 20 endangered orangutans and other apes as pest control for palm oil companies. They were paid one million rupiah ($111) for each dead orangutan and 200,000 rupiah for every monkey killed.
    (AFP, 11/23/11)
2011        Nov 23, Some of Libya's clans said they would not recognize the government, a day after the unveiling of a new cabinet revived regional and tribal rivalries which threaten the country's stability.
    (Reuters, 11/23/11)
2011        Nov 23, Madagascar opposition groups accepted to join a unity government and Didier Ratsiraka, an exiled ex-president, announced he will return home ending his nine-year exile in France, offering hopes of ending the island nation's persistent crisis. A roadmap to new elections was brokered by regional bloc the Southern African Development Community was signed by the island's main political factions.
    (AFP, 11/23/11)(AFP, 4/14/12)
2011        Nov 23, Mauritania arrested 10 men on suspicion of ties with armed Islamic extremists. They were charged a month later. On July 2, 2012, the Nouakchott criminal court convicted two of the men of attempting to form a terrorist group, while acquitting eight others.
    (AFP, 7/2/12)
2011        Nov 23, In Mexico attacks in Sinaloa left 24 people dead and 17 of the victims' bodies were found burned in two pickup trucks. 12 of the bodies were in the back of one truck, some of them handcuffed and wearing bulletproof vests.
    (AP, 11/23/11)(AP, 11/24/11)
2011        Nov 23, Nigeria's president unexpectedly fired Farida Waziri, the female head of the lead anti-corruption agency, removing an official accused of being controlled by the political elite in this graft-prone nation. The president appointed agency deputy Ibrahim Lamurde as the commission's acting chairman.
    (AP, 11/23/11)
2011        Nov 23, In Pakistan Islamist militants attacked security forces in the Dera Ismail Khan district, killing four officers in gunfights that underscore the potent rebel threat despite reported peace talks. In Kurram militants attacked paramilitary troops, killing two soldiers and injuring eight others.
    (AFP, 11/23/11)
2011        Nov 23, The Palestinians signed a document finally giving them a voice within the vast UNESCO system, bringing pride across the Arab world yet hobbling the agency's pro-democracy projects around the globe. Last month's decision by the Paris-based UN education and cultural organization to give Palestine membership triggered an immediate funding cutoff by the US that will force UNESCO to scale down literacy and development programs in countries like Iraq, Afghanistan or the new nation of South Sudan.
    (AP, 11/23/11)
2011        Nov 23, President Dmitry Medvedev said Russia will deploy new missiles aimed at US missile defense sites in Europe if Washington goes ahead with the planned shield despite Russia's concerns. The stern warning to the US and NATO seemed to be directed at rallying nationalist votes in the polls.
    (AP, 11/23/11)
2011        Nov 23, Sri Lanka's Parliament approved the creation of a multiparty committee to recommend constitutional changes for ethnic reconciliation two years after a devastating civil war. However, a lawmaker from the largest party representing ethnic minority Tamils said it would not participate in the committee at this time because the recommendations of a previous committee had never been implemented.
    (AP, 11/23/11)
2011        Nov 23, A Thai criminal court sentenced Amphon Tangnoppakul (61) to 20 years in prison for sending text messages deemed offensive to the country's queen. On May 7, 2012, Tangnoppakul, who suffered  from mouth cancer, died in prison.
    (AP, 11/23/11)(AP, 5/8/12)
2011        Nov 23, In Tunisia violent demonstrations erupted in the impoverished central region and had to be dispersed with tear gas. It stemmed from a peaceful demonstration in the town of Kasserine over the exclusion of local residents from a list of those killed in last year's uprising against the dictatorship.
    (AP, 11/24/11)
2011        Nov 23, Turkey's PM Erdogan apologized for the first time for the killings of nearly 14,000 people in a bombing and strafing campaign to crush a Kurdish rebellion in the 1930s. He offered his apology for the killings of 13,806 people in the southeastern town of Dersim, now known as Tunceli, between 1936 and 1939.
    (AP, 11/23/11)
2011        Nov 23, Turkish President Abdullah Gul warned that President Bashar al-Assad's violent crackdown on an eight-month-old revolt in Syria threatened to "drag the whole region into turmoil and bloodshed."
    (Reuters, 11/23/11)
2011        Nov 23, Turkmenistan signed an agreement with China to boost natural gas deliveries. This will see the central Asian nation supply about half of China's gas needs. The gas agreement was one of 14 signed following talks in Beijing between Turkmen President Gurbanguli Berdymukhamedov and Chinese President Hu Jintao.
    (AP, 11/23/11)
2011        Nov 23, Pope Benedict XVI accepted the resignation of another Irish bishop, leaving seven of Ireland's 26 Catholic dioceses without one and raising expectations of major cutbacks in the size of the Irish church following child-abuse scandals. Seamus Hegarty (71) offered his resignation two weeks ago as bishop of Derry, citing an unspecified "irreversible" illness as the reason for quitting.
    (AP, 11/23/11)
2011        Nov 23, Yemen’s Pres. Saleh signed a US-backed power-transfer deal, brokered by neighboring countries in the Saudi capital of Riyadh. It officially transfers power to his vice president, Abed Rabbo Mansour Hadi, in exchange for immunity from prosecution. The deal also called for early presidential elections within 90 days.
    (AP, 11/24/11)
2011        Nov 23, Zimbabwe wildlife authorities said at least 77 elephants have died in a three-month heat wave in western Hwange National Park that has dried up watering holes.
    (AP, 11/23/11)

2011        Nov 24, The body of alleged Mafia boss Salvatore Montagna, who US authorities said once led New York's notorious Bonanno crime family, was fished out from a river north of Montreal.
    (AP, 11/25/11)
2011        Nov 24, Pres. Karzai accused NATO-led international forces of killing 7 civilians, most of them children, in an air strike in the southern province of Kandahar. At least 10 Afghan security guards were killed when Taliban militants ambushed a logistics convoy destined for NATO forces in Farah province. Pres. Karzai nominated Noorullah Delawari to head the central bank.
    (AP, 11/24/11)(AFP, 11/24/11)
2011        Nov 24, Belarus' leading human rights activist, Ales Belyatsky (49), was convicted of tax evasion and sentenced to 4.5 years in prison at a trial condemned by US and European Union officials as politically motivated.
    (AP, 11/24/11)
2011        Nov 24, Bosnian police said they have discovered around 1.5 million pornographic images of children on the computer of a man they suspect of blackmailing United States citizens with money transfers amounting to some $3000.
    (AP, 11/24/11)
2011        Nov 24, Egypt's military rulers said that parliamentary elections will start on schedule next week despite escalating unrest and they rejected protesters' calls for them to immediately step down. A court ordered the release of 3 American university students arrested on Nov 21. Mona Eltahawy (44), a prominent Egyptian-born US columnist, was sexually assaulted by local police, who beat and blindfolded her after she was detained near Tahrir Square during clashes, leaving her left arm and right hand broken and in casts.
    (AP, 11/24/11)
2011        Nov 24, The EU said that protecting civilians caught up in Syria's crackdown on anti-government protests "is an increasingly urgent and important aspect" of responding to the bloodshed there. At least three more people were killed by Syrian security forces. The British-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights and the Local Coordination Committees said 15 defectors were either killed or wounded in clashes near Rastan. 6 elite pilots and 4 technical officers were killed in an ambush in Homs. The Arab League gave Syria 24 hours to agree to an observer mission or face sanctions.
    (AP, 11/24/11)(AP, 11/25/11)
2011        Nov 24, Gambia, continental Africa's smallest country, held elections. Voters popped a glass marble into a colored drum representing their candidate. President Yahya Jammeh (46) was widely expected to win a fourth term in office. The 15-nation Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) withdrew from observing the poll after a fact-finding mission. Jammeh won with 72% of the vote.  
    (AFP, 11/24/11)(SFC, 11/26/11, p.A2)
2011        Nov 24, India's cabinet cleared a plan to throw open the nation's huge retail sector to global supermarket chains in a reform that could herald a consumer revolution. It also raised the foreign investment cap to 100% from 51% at present for single-brand retail operations.
    (AFP, 11/24/11)
2011        Nov 24, India’s West Bengal police killed Koteswara Rao (58), better known as Kishenji, one of the nation’s most wanted Maoist guerrillas in a major blow to the armed leftwing insurgency which has spread across a wide swathe of the country.
    (AFP, 11/24/11)(Econ, 12/3/11, p.52)
2011        Nov 24, Iran’s official IRNA news agency reported that Iran has arrested 12 agents of the American Central Intelligence Agency. Parviz Sorouri, a member of the powerful parliamentary committee on foreign policy and national security, said the alleged agents were operating in coordination with Israel's Mossad and other regional agencies, targeting the country's military and its nuclear program.
    (AP, 11/24/11)
2011        Nov 24, Iraq executed 16 Al-Qaeda members convicted of involvement in the massacre of 70 people at a wedding in 2006, although they were officially put to death for other murders. A string of bombings in Basra killed 19 people.
    (AFP, 11/24/11)(SFC, 11/25/11, p.A7)
2011        Nov 24, Israeli ministers decided, for the time being, to maintain a freeze on the transfer of tens of millions of dollars in tax monies to the Palestinian Authority. This followed hours after Palestinian president Mahmud Abbas held top-level talks with Hamas chief Khaled Meshaal at which they announced a new era of "partnership."
    (AFP, 11/25/11)
2011        Nov 24, Israeli women's rights activists marched through Tel Aviv carrying black coffins to raise awareness about domestic violence in Israel, which so far this year has claimed 24 women's lives.
    (AFP, 11/24/11)
2011        Nov 24, A Jordanian prosecutor said the country's military court has freed 22 suspected Islamists on bail as a goodwill gesture. It brings up the total number of freed Salafis to 37. They were part of 103 Salafis on trial on charges of terrorism and stabbing policemen with swords during an April protest.
    (AP, 11/24/11)
2011        Nov 24, Kenya said its warplanes destroyed two Islamist insurgent bases in neighboring Somalia. Two grenade attacks in the eastern town of Garissa close to the border with Somalia killed three people and injured 27.
    (AFP, 11/24/11)
2011        Nov 24, Lebanon’s PM Najib Mikati threatened to resign should his Hezbollah-dominated cabinet refuse to fund a UN court probing the murder of ex-premier Rafiq Hariri.
    (AFP, 11/24/11)
2011        Nov 24, Madagascar's former Pres. Didier Ratsiraka returned home, ending a 9-year exile in France, and urged reconciliation to resolve the country's long-running political crisis.
    (AFP, 11/24/11)
2011        Nov 24, Malaysian PM Najib Razak repealed another security law, setting the stage for hundreds detained without trial to be freed or face criminal charges.
    (AFP, 11/24/11)
2011        Nov 24, The UN human rights chief urged the Maldives to end the "degrading" practice of flogging women found to have had sex outside marriage. The country of 300,000 people forbids practicing religions other than Islam.
    (AP, 11/24/11)
2011        Nov 24, In Mali a gang kidnapped two French geologists at gunpoint from their hotel in the eastern desert village of Hombori. The body of geologist Philippe Verdon was found and identified in July, 2013. Serge Lazarevic was freed on Dec 9, 2014.
    (AFP, 11/24/11)(Reuters, 7/14/13)(SFC, 12/10/14, p.A3)
2011        Nov 24, In Mexico the bound and gagged bodies of 26 young men were discovered in vehicles abandoned in the heart of Guadalajara, Mexico's second-largest city. Evidence identified the assassins as being from the Zetas and a smaller, allied gang, the Milenio Cartel.
    (AP, 11/24/11)
2011        Nov 24, Myanmar's Parliament approved a law guaranteeing the right to protest, one of a series of reforms under the new elected government.
    (AP, 11/24/11)
2011        Nov 24, In Nigeria Muslim and Christian groups said 12 more people are dead after an apparent reprisal clash in the Barkin Ladi area near the city of Jos.
    (AFP, 11/24/11)
2011        Nov 24, Pakistani police in Karachi arrested Zainab Bibi (32), a woman who had killed her husband and was attempting to cook his body parts after he planned to marry another woman without her permission.
    (AFP, 11/24/11)
2011        Nov 24, Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas and Khaled Mashaal, chief of the Islamic militant Hamas, said they significantly narrowed differences and opened a new page in relations in reconciliation talks in Cairo.
    (AP, 11/24/11)
2011        Nov 24, Portugal’s credit rating was downgraded to junk status and a major strike gave voice to broad public outrage over  austerity measures that have squeezed living standards.
    (SFC, 11/25/11, p.A8)
2011        Nov 24, Saudi Arabia's Interior Ministry said minority Shiite Muslims have staged protests in the eastern city of Qatif, and four were shot dead. Shiites make up 10 percent of the kingdom's 23 million citizens and complain of discrimination.
    (AP, 11/24/11)
2011        Nov 24, In Tunisia an overnight curfew was declared across the central mining region of Gafsa, in the wake of violence that began late Wednesday over job hiring.
    (AFP, 11/24/11)
2011        Nov 24, Uganda ruled that Heritage Oil must pay a $404 million tax bill, dismissing an appeal by the UK-listed company. Heritage argues it is not liable to pay tax in the country on the $1.45 billion sale last year of stakes in two oil blocks in western Uganda to Anglo-Irish firm Tullow Oil. Uganda in March allowed Tullow to sell two-thirds of its Uganda interests to France's Total and China's CNOOC in a $2.9 billion deal, after Tullow agreed to pay over $300 million as security against Heritage's unpaid taxes.
    (AFP, 11/24/11)
2011        Nov 24, Yemen President Ali Abdullah Saleh's agreement to step down failed to end violence as security forces killed five protesters demanding that the ousted leader be put on trial for past crimes ranging from corruption to bloodshed during the current uprising.
    (AP, 11/24/11)

2011        Nov 25, In Los Angeles a shopper pepper-sprayed other bargain hunters and robbers in South Carolina and northern California shot at customers to steal their Black Friday purchases, marring the start of the US holiday shopping season.
    (Reuters, 11/26/11)
2011        Nov 25, In Ohio two bodies were found believed to be related to a Craigslist ad that according to police lured victims to a lethal robbery scheme that already left one person dead. Two people related to the killings were custody. A 3rd body was found in the same area. On Oct 30, 2012, Ohio teenager Brogan Rafferty was convicted of aggravated murder for his role in the plot. Prosecutors said Brogan shot and killed 3 victims after robbing them.
    (SFC, 11/26/11, p.A6)(SSFC, 12/4/11, p.A14)    (SFC, 10/31/12, p.A4)
2011        Nov 25, Felicity Aston (33), a British adventurer, set out on skis from the Ross Ice Shelf in a historic solo attempt to cross Antarctica.
    (SFC, 11/26/11, p.A2)
2011        Nov 25, Australia loosened its highly charged policy of mandatory detention for asylum seekers who arrive by boat, freeing 27 from overcrowded, prison-like conditions and estimating more than 100 would be released monthly.
    (AP, 11/25/11)
2011        Nov 25, Australia said it will create the world's largest marine reserve in the Coral Sea. The proposal includes seas beyond the already protected Great Barrier Reef Marine Park off northeast Australia.
    (AP, 11/25/11)
2011        Nov 25, Britain’s Deputy PM Nick Clegg unveiled a £1 billion youth contract to create hundreds of thousands of work and training placements for jobless youngsters.
    (AFP, 11/25/11)
2011        Nov 25, The British government published its new Cyber Security Strategy, setting out how the UK will support economic prosperity, protect national security and safeguard the public’s way of life by building a more trusted and resilient digital environment.
    (www.cabinetoffice.gov.uk/news/protecting-and-promoting-uk-digital-world)
2011        Nov 25, A study by Canadian scientists found that South Africa and Zimbabwe suffer the worst economic losses due to doctors emigrating, while Australia, Canada, Britain and the United States benefit the most from recruiting doctors trained abroad.
    (Reuters, 11/25/11)
2011        Nov 25, The Chinese government donated a gift of 23 buses during a ceremony in Macedonia's capital. News of the donation ignited a torrent of criticism. Many asked: How could China make the donation to a foreign country when Chinese schools contend with shoddy transport?
    (AP, 11/28/11)
2011        Nov 25, Egypt's military rulers announced that Kamal el-Ganzouri (78), a prime minister from ousted leader Hosni Mubarak's era, will head the next government. Tens of thousands of demonstrators packed Cairo's Tahrir Square after days of deadly clashes, demanding the military rulers step down and rejecting their choice of new prime minister. The Tahrir protest was countered by a rival demonstration in a square about three km (two miles) away, where more than 10,000 people gathered to show support for the military chanting "Down with Tahrir."
    (AP, 11/25/11)(AFP, 11/26/11)
2011        Nov 25, In Egypt Mona al-Gharib (25), the pregnant wife of Syrian dissident and journalist Thaer al-Nashef, was reportedly abducted in Egypt by Syrian intelligence agents.
    (AP, 11/26/11)
2011        Nov 25, In Egypt masked gunmen blew up a gas pipeline which supplies Egyptian gas to Israel, in the eighth such attack this year.
    (AFP, 11/25/11)
2011        Nov 25, Ethiopia said it may contribute troops to the African Union force in Somalia fighting al-Qaida-affiliated insurgents.
    (AP, 11/25/11)
2011        Nov 25, A shipment of nuclear waste reprocessed in France crossed into Germany on its way to a controversial storage site near the town of Dannenberg that protesters say is unsafe.
    (AP, 11/25/11)
2011        Nov 25, Iceland's interior ministry said it had rejected an application by Huang Nubo's Zhongkun Group to buy 120 square miles (30,639 hectares) of land on the north shore of Iceland for a vast nature retreat in a deal that would have been worth about 1 billion Icelandic kronur ($8.8 million). On Nov 27 Huang said the rejection was indicative of anti-Chinese attitudes in the West.
    (AP, 11/27/11)
2011        Nov 25, In Mali gunmen killed a German man in Timbuktu and seized three men from the Netherlands, South Africa and Sweden. Officials the next day ordered a plane to evacuate foreigners from the tourist destination.
    (AP, 11/26/11)
2011        Nov 25, Mexican activists lodged a war-crimes complaint against President Felipe Calderon at the International Criminal Court, claiming his offensive against drug cartels has involved about 470 cases of human rights violations by the army or police. Defense officials detained Ezequiel "El Junior" Cardenas Rivera (23). Rivera's father was Antonio Ezequiel Cardenas Guillen, Gulf leader until he was killed by federal forces in November 2010.
    (AP, 11/25/11)(AP, 11/29/11)
2011        Nov 25, Moroccans voted for a new parliament in Arab Spring-inspired elections that are facing a boycott by democracy campaigners who say the ruling monarchy isn't committed to real change. Under the new constitution, the largest party must form the government. The moderate Justice and Development Party (PJD) captured 107 seats in the 395-seat assembly.
    (AP, 11/25/11)(AFP, 11/26/11)(AP, 11/28/11)
2011        Nov 25, Three Somali soldiers and a civilian were killed when a roadside bomb the officers picked up to detonate elsewhere exploded inside their vehicle in Mogadishu.
    (AFP, 11/25/11)
2011        Nov 25, In Sri Lanka a storm, high winds and floods left at least 19 people dead along the southern coast. 43 fishermen were missing.
    (AP, 11/25/11)(SFC, 11/26/11, p.A2)(AFP, 11/27/11)
2011        Nov 25, The Syrian military vowed to "cut every evil hand that targets Syrian blood," saying recent attacks on elite security forces marked a dangerous escalation in the country's 8-month-old crisis. Damascus faced the possibility of sweeping economic sanctions from the Arab League after missing a deadline to allow hundreds of observers into the country. A UN human rights panel expressed alarm at reports it received of security forces in Syria torturing children. Syrian security forces fired outside mosques in Daraa province. At least six people were killed as protesters flooded the streets in support of the Free Syrian Army. At least 10 troops and security service agents were killed in clashes with mutinous soldiers in Deir Ezzor.
    (AP, 11/25/11)(AFP, 11/26/11)
2011        Nov 25, Vietnam’s PM Nguyen Tan Dung called for new legislation on protests "to ensure people's rights to freedom and democracy under the constitution and law." Vietnam's constitution allows for the right to demonstrate.
    (AFP, 11/26/11)
2011        Nov 25, In Yemen tens of thousands returned to the streets across the country to reject the power-transfer deal and call for Saleh's trial for crimes ranging from corruption to lethal crackdowns on protests. Heavy fighting between government forces and defected military troops shook Sanaa, killing two people. Mohammed Basindawa, a former member of Saleh's ruling party, was chosen to head a national unity government.
    (AP, 11/25/11)(AFP, 11/26/11)

2011        Nov 26, NASA launched a rover of "monster truck" proportions toward Mars on an 8½-month, 354 million-mile journey, the biggest, best equipped robot ever sent to explore another planet. Curiosity will reach Mars next summer.
    (AP, 11/26/11)
2011        Nov 26, Afghan MPs approved Noorullah Delawari, a US-educated banker, as governor of the troubled central bank. MPs also granted a trust vote to Rahmatullah Nabeel, President Karzai's candidate to head Afghanistan's intelligence agency (NDS). Karzai approved a second list of areas, home to half the nation's population, where Afghan forces will soon start taking the lead from foreign troops.
    (AFP, 11/26/11)(AP, 11/27/11)
2011        Nov 26, Britain’s Finance Ministry said it plans to spend an extra 600 million pounds on so-called "free schools" outside municipal control over the next three years.
    (Reuters, 11/26/11)
2011        Nov 26, Colombia's main rebel group executed four captives, held hostage for between 12 and 13 years, during combat between guerrillas and soldiers searching for the men. Sgt. Luis Alberto Erazo (48), held by the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) for nearly 12 years, survived.
    (AP, 11/26/11)
2011        Nov 26, In CongoDRC police fired bullets and tear gas into a crowd that included tens of thousands of opposition supporters in Kinshasa. The violence prompted officials to ban further rallies before the Nov 28 poll. At least 12 opposition partisans and bystanders were shot dead as the Republican Guard, the former presidential guard, quashed a rally by supporters of President Joseph Kabila's chief rival.
    (AP, 11/26/11)(AP, 11/27/11)(AFP, 12/2/11)
2011        Nov 26, Egyptian security forces clashed with protesters camped outside the Cabinet building, leaving one man dead, as tensions rose two days ahead of parliamentary elections being held despite mass demonstrations against military rule. Field Marshal Hussein Tantawi met separately with Nobel Peace laureate Mohamed ElBaradei and another presidential hopeful Amr Moussa, who was the former Arab League chief. 24 protest groups, including two political parties, have announced they are creating their own "national salvation" government to be headed by ElBaradei.
    (AP, 11/26/11)
2011        Nov 26, In central Indonesia a busy bridge collapsed in East Kalimantan province, killing at least 4 people and injuring 17 others as a bus, cars and motorcycles crashed into the Mahakam river. 40 people were missing.
    (AP, 11/26/11)(AP, 11/27/11)
2011        Nov 26, In central Iraq bomb and gun attacks killed at least 16 people and wounded more than 20 others.
    (AFP, 11/26/11)
2011        Nov 26, In Libya dozens of women rallied in Tripoli to pressure the new government to do more to help women raped during the country's civil war.
    (AP, 11/26/11)
2011        Nov 26, Malaysia reportedly said it will amend a new law banning street demonstrations, amid further protests by critics who say the bill clamps down on their right to peaceful assembly.
    (AFP, 11/26/11)
2011        Nov 26, Mexican authorities arrested three members of the Zetas drug cartel who later confessed to the June slaying of bodyguards for the governor of the northern state of Nuevo Leon. They were identified as Arturo Garcia Celaya (24), Jose Daniel Hernandez Guzman (25), and Nicolas Yepes Alvarez (34).
    (AP, 11/27/11)
2011        Nov 26, New Zealand PM John Key convincingly won a second term in elections that opened the door for the sales of billions of dollars worth of government assets as part of a plan to reduce the country's debt.
    (AP, 11/26/11)
2011        Nov 26, In northeast Nigeria at least four people died in an apparent attack that saw churches and businesses burned to the ground in the city of Geidam, Yobe state.
    (AP, 11/27/11)
2011        Nov 26, Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu (78), the secessionist leader during Nigeria's civil war in the late 1960s and a pivotal figure in the country's history, died in Britain. Ojukwu's 1967 declaration of independence for Biafra came largely in response to the killing of large numbers of Igbos in the country's north.
    (AFP, 11/26/11)(Econ, 12/3/11, p.114)
2011        Nov 26, Pakistan accused NATO helicopters and fighter jets of firing on two army checkpoints in the country's northwest and killing 24 soldiers. Afghan troops, who came under fire while operating near the Pakistan border, called in the NATO airstrikes. Islamabad retaliated by closing the border crossings used by the international coalition to supply its troops in neighboring Afghanistan. The Pakistani government demanded the US vacate an air base within 15 days that the CIA is suspected of using for unmanned drones.
    (AP, 11/26/11)(AP, 11/27/11)
2011        Nov 26, Palestinian militants in the Gaza Strip fired a Qassam rocket into the Eshkol region of southern Israel. The attack only damaged a farm outbuilding.
    (AFP, 11/26/11)
2011        Nov 26, In Syria one civilian was reported killed as security forces launched raids in Deir Ezzor and carried out arrests. At least 12 civilians were killed in Homs province.
    (AFP, 11/26/11)(SSFC, 11/27/11, p.A8)
2011        Nov 26, In Uruguay Silvia Martinez (61), the wife of national soccer coach Oscar Tabarez, was attacked with a corrosive liquid that burned her face and arms. Several days ago authorities released a former female employee of Tabarez who was arrested in December for allegedly swindling $500,000 from the coach.
    (AP, 11/27/11)
2011        Nov 26, A Yemeni security official said government warplanes over the last 48 hours have killed 80 anti-government tribesmen who overran part of a military camp in the Arhab region north of the capital Sanaa. About 20 soldiers were reported killed by the tribesmen.
    (AP, 11/26/11)

2011        Nov 27, A new translation of the Mass was rolled out across the English-speaking Catholic world after months of preparation.
    (AP, 11/28/11)
2011        Nov 27, In Afghanistan NATO said two of its service members have been killed, one in combat operations in the east and the other by a roadside bomb in the south.
    (AP, 11/27/11)
2011        Nov 27, Ken Russell (b.1927), British director of "Women in Love" (1969) and "The Devils" (1971), died. His biggest commercial success came three years later with "Tommy," an adaptation of The Who's rock opera.
    (AP, 11/28/11)
2011        Nov 27, The Swanland cargo ship, with eight people on board, sank in the Irish Sea. It was carrying thousands of tons of limestone and five people remain missing off the coast of north Wales.
    (AP, 11/27/11)
2011        Nov 27, Gunmen in Burundi murdered Sister Luckrecija Mamic, a Croatian nun, and an Italian charity worker in an apparent botched robbery and kidnapping. Sister Carla Brianza was later shot dead while Sister Carla Brianza, an Italian nun, fought off her attackers and escaped with relatively minor wounds. Two men, aged 20 and 24, were arrested for the attack after a shootout.
    (AFP, 11/28/11)
2011        Nov 27, German police cleared a sit-in of thousands of protesters attempting to block a shipment of nuclear waste and detained 1,300 people.
    (AP, 11/27/11)   
2011        Nov 27, In Egypt thousands of protesters filled Cairo's Tahrir Square for another massive demonstration to push for the military to immediately return to their barracks in favor of a civilian presidential council.
    (AP, 11/27/11)
2011        Nov 27, Haiti hip hop star Wyclef Jean said he's proud of the way his charity responded after the earthquake almost two years ago. His comments followed reports published by The New York Post saying his foundation collected $16 million in 2010 but less than a third of that went to emergency efforts.
    (AP, 11/28/11)
2011        Nov 27, Iran's parliament voted on expel the British ambassador in retaliation for fresh Western sanctions over Tehran's nuclear program and warned that other countries could also be punished. The bill now has to go to the Guardians Council for approval.
    (AFP, 11/27/11)
2011        Nov 27, In Iraq a gunman in Baghdad killed national security official Ibrahim Saleh Mahdi and his wife. On May 15, 2012, Ahmed al-Jubouri, a bodyguard of Vice President Tariq al-Hashemi, testified that Mahdi was ordered killed because he had become "a source of annoyance" to al-Hashemi.
    (AP, 5/16/12)(http://tinyurl.com/7djvb7u)
2011        Nov 27, Hundreds of Libya's minority Amazigh Berbers marched to the premier's office for the second time in three days, stepping up pressure to be represented in the government. During Kadhafi's rule the Amazighs, whose name means "free men," were banned from publicly speaking, writing or printing anything in their own tongue, tamazight.
    (AFP, 11/27/11)
2011        Nov 27, Palestinian officials said they will not be able to pay the next round of public sector salaries due to Israeli sanctions.
    (SFC, 11/28/11, p.A2)
2011        Nov 27, In the southern Philippines suspected Islamic militants detonated a powerful bomb that killed at least three people and wounded 27 others in a budget hotel packed with wedding guests in Zamboanga city.
    (AP, 11/27/11)
2011        Nov 27, South Ossetia held runoff elections. Opposition candidate and former Education Minister Alla Dzhioyeva won, defeating Emergencies Minister Anatoly Bibilov, the Kremlin's chosen candidate.
    (AP, 11/28/11)
2011        Nov 27, Sri Lanka's President Rajapakse unveiled the island's first expressway, linking the capital and the southern city of Galle, asserting that better road connectivity would remedy old separatist tendencies.
    (AFP, 11/27/11)
2011        Nov 27, The Arab League, meeting in Cairo, approved unprecedented sanctions on Syria over its crackdown on 8-month uprising.
    (AP, 11/27/11)
2011        Nov 27, A United Arab Emirates state security court sentenced five activists, who have campaigned for political freedoms, to prison terms of up to three years. The top court handed blogger Ahmed Mansoor a three-year prison sentence, while four others received two years each. Within 24 hours a presidential pardon was issued to release them.
    (AP, 11/27/11)(AFP, 11/28/11)
2011        Nov 27, In Venezuela Maximiliano Bonilla Orozco, a top Colombian drug trafficker known as "Valenciano," was captured in Maracay. Officials the next day said he will be turned over to US authorities.
    (AP, 11/28/11)
2011        Nov 27, Yemen’s vice president, Gen. Abd-Rabbu Mansour, named Mohammed Basindwa to form a national unity government. A tribal source said Shiite rebels have killed 20 people and wounded 70 others in an attack on a Sunni Islamist school in Dammaj, a suburb of the Shiite stronghold city of Saada. Yemen's army shelled suspected Al-Qaeda positions in Zinjibar, killing 9 militants in its battle to win control of the city. A tribal source said that four other extremists were killed in an ambush by tribal fighters allied to the military in Abyan province. Government troops have so far been unable to win back full control of Abyan.
    (AFP, 11/27/11)(AFP, 11/28/11)(SFC, 11/28/11, p.A2)

2011        Nov 28, US Federal authorities said they have shut down 150 websites accused of selling knock-off or pirated merchandise to unsuspecting online bargain hunters.
    (AP, 11/28/11)
2011        Nov 28, Ginger White (46) of Georgia said that she and Republican presidential hopeful Herman Cain had a 13-year extramarital affair that lasted nearly until the former businessman announced his candidacy for the White House several months ago.
    (AP, 11/28/11)
2011        Nov 28, San Francisco City College officials detected an infestation of computer viruses with origins in criminal networks in Russia, China and other countries. By mid January officials traced at least 723 Internet protocol addresses to the Russian Business Network, a gang in the business of stealing and selling personal information. The network disbanded around 2008, but criminals were reportedly still collecting data.
    (SFC, 1/13/12, p.A1)
2011        Nov 28, Mexican trucker Daniel Navarro (45) was sentenced in San Diego to almost 16 years in prison for his role in two major drug tunnels along the US-Mexico border.
    (SFC, 11/29/11, p.A5)
2011        Nov 28, San Francisco Bay Area fisherman dashed out for Dungeness crab after seafood processors agreed to a price of 2.25 per pound.
    (SFC, 11/29/11, p.A1)
2011        Nov 28, In Oakland, Ca., 3 hooded assailants opened fire on a group of people at Seventh and Willow streets. One-year-old Hiram Lawrence Jr. was shot in the head and 6 others were wounded. The boy died Dec 9 after he was removed from life support. On July 19, 2012, Acorn gang members Dionte Houff (30) and Houston Nathaniel III (23), were indicted on charges of murder, assault, weapons violations and racketeering in connection with the shootings that killed Hiran Lawrence.
    (SFC, 12/10/11, p.C2)(SFC, 7/20/12, p.C6)
2011        Nov 28, Three asset managers from Connecticut's affluent New York suburbs claimed a $254 million Powerball jackpot off a $1 ticket.
    (AP, 11/29/11)
2011        Nov 28, In Texas Dakota Meyer, a former US Marine and Medal of Honor recipient, sued BAE Systems claiming he was defamed and ridiculed after expressing concerns in an e-mail over the possible sale of a high-tech sniper scope to Pakistan.
    (SFC, 12/1/11, p.A10)
2011        Nov 28, Britain's government said its military will stop providing a helicopter search and rescue service. Daring operations like the one by Prince William and his Royal Air Force colleagues, that saved two sailors this weekend, will in the future be carried out by civilians.
    (AP, 11/28/11)
2011        Nov 28, Burundi told delegates at a global anti-landmine summit in Phnom Penh that it had cleared its territory of landmines, becoming the 18th state party to do so. Myanmar was the only country recorded as laying new landmines last year, but the Intl. Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL) said it has since been joined by Israel, Syria and Libya, bringing the current global use of landmines to its highest level since 2004.
    (AP, 11/29/11)
2011        Nov 28, Chinese automaker Chery Automobile Co. and partner Israel Corp. launched the 50-50 joint venture Qoros Automotive Co., seeking fresh appeal both overseas and in the slowing local market. Israel Corp. is Israel's largest holding company, with interests mainly in chemicals, shipping and energy.
    (AP, 11/28/11)
2011        Nov 28, In CongoDRC voting began despite delays and setbacks. Armed men attacked voting centers and a truck carrying ballots. 5 people were killed in the southeastern town of Lubumbashi after gunmen opened fire on a truck carrying ballots and on a polling center.
    (AP, 11/28/11)(AP, 11/30/11)
2011        Nov 28, Egyptians turned out in long lines at voting stations in their nation's first parliamentary elections since Hosni Mubarak's ouster, a giant step toward what they hope will be a democracy after decades of dictatorship.
    (AP, 11/28/11)
2011        Nov 28, A German NATO officer and a soldier were shot and wounded in a clash with Serb protesters in northern Kosovo after the military alliance's troops used heavy machinery to remove trucks and buses blocking a main road in the tense region.
    (AP, 11/28/11)
2011        Nov 28, Guyana held elections. The East Indian-dominated People's Progressive Party led by economist Donald Ramotar (61) won the most seats, 32 of 65, but fell short of an absolute majority. Opposition parties could control the parliament if they are able to work together.
    (AP, 12/1/11)
2011        Nov 28, Iran enacted legislation to downgrade relations with Britain in retaliation for intensified sanctions imposed last week by Western nations for their suspected nuclear development program.
    (SFC, 11/29/11, p.A2)
2011        Nov 28, In Iraq a suicide bomber slammed a car packed with explosives into the gate of al-Hout prison north of Baghdad, killing at least 19 people in Taji. In Baghdad, 5 people were killed by a suicide car bomb inside the Green Zone. 2 civilian bystanders were killed and 5 others wounded by a roadside bomb targeting a police patrol in western Baghdad.
    (AP, 11/28/11)(SFC, 11/30/11, p.A7)
2011        Nov 28, Israeli settlement watchdog Peace Now said Israel has approved construction of more 119 homes in the West Bank settlement of Shilo, a move likely to bring fresh international condemnation.
    (AFP, 11/28/11)
2011        Nov 28, A Kenyan judge issued a warrant for Sudan's President Omar al-Bashir, wanted by an international court for genocide, after the government failed to arrest him during a visit last year.
    (AFP, 11/28/11)
2011        Nov 28, Kuwait’s government resigned following a bitter dispute with opposition MPs. The move came ahead of a planned mass rally later today by the opposition to press demands for the ouster of PM Sheikh Nasser al-Sabah. Sheik Sabah Al Ahmed Al Sabah accepted the resignation but asked the Cabinet to remain in a caretaker role.
    (AP, 11/28/11)(Econ, 12/3/11, p.61)
2011        Nov 28, In Mexico Nepomuceno Moreno (56), who repeatedly had accused police in the Sonoran capital of Hermosillo of kidnapping his 18-year-old son last year, was shot to death in his hometown in Sonora state. A band of heavily armed teenage car thieves shot it out with officers during a high-speed chase, before crashing their stolen car in the northern industrial city of Monterrey. One young man escaped. Two 13-year-old boys and a 15-year-old girl were taken into custody. Soldiers killed five suspected drug gang members in a gunbattle on the outskirts of Monterrey.
    (AP, 11/29/11)
2011        Nov 28, Niger officially became an oil producer with the opening of a refinery run by the state and a Chinese company. Niger opened its first refinery in Zinder following the discovery of oil in Agadem, 700 km east of Niamey with a daily production capacity of 20,000 bpd.
    (AFP, 11/28/11)(AFP, 7/16/12)
2011        Nov 28, In Paraguay Marciano Villagra (93), former leader of Paraguay Communist Party guerrillas in various actions, died. He led the brief takeover of the town of Piribebuy in 1947 and went into hiding after Gen. Alfredo Stroessner took power in 1954.
    (AP, 11/30/11)
2011        Nov 28, In Peru US-based Newmont Mining Corp. suspended construction at the Conga gold mine for a fourth day due to continuing protests by peasants who fear it will damage their water supply. Deputy minister Jose de Echave quit saying the government "lacks an adequate strategy for dealing with social conflict."
    (AP, 11/28/11)
2011        Nov 28, Somalia's Islamist Shebab rebels ordered 16 international aid agencies shut in areas they control after armed raids on several offices, and warned more would follow if they did not toe the line.
    (AFP, 11/28/11)
2011        Nov 28, St. Lucia held parliamentary elections. Kenny Anthony's St. Lucia Labor Party emerged victorious by winning nine of the 15 seats decided, while the former governing United Workers Party won six. Two seats were still undecided.
    (AP, 11/30/11)
2011        Nov 28, A Sudanese court sentenced seven members of a Darfur rebel group to death by hanging for ambushing a convoy in Jan, 2010, and killing 54 soldiers escorting it.
    (AFP, 11/28/11)
2011        Nov 28, Syria hit out at the Arab League for the treatment it has meted out to Damascus, accusing it of ignoring the presence of "terrorists" in the country and prematurely imposing economic sanctions. Tens of thousands of supporters of President Bashar al-Assad took to the streets to protest against the Arab League sanctions.
    (AFP, 11/28/11)
2011        Nov 28, In Tunisia a group of students, who were for the most part not enrolled at Manouba university, camped out to demand the right for women students to wear the full veil, known as the niqab. They also demanded a place of prayer on campus.
    (AFP, 1/24/12)
2011        Nov 28, The United Nations completed the first-ever global assessment of the state of the planet's land resources, finding in “"State of the World's Land and Water Resources for Food and Agriculture," that a quarter of all land is highly degraded and warning the trend must be reversed if the world's growing population is to be fed.
    (AP, 11/28/11)
2011        Nov 28, UN climate negotiations opened in Durban, South Africa, with pressure building to salvage the only treaty limiting greenhouse gas emissions.
    (AP, 11/28/11)
2011        Nov 28, The UN released a report a detailing alleged torture and ill treatment in lockups controlled by the forces that overthrew dictator Moammar Gadhafi. The report says that Libyan revolutionaries still hold about 7,000 people, many of them sub-Saharan Africans who in some cases are accused or suspected of being mercenaries hired by Gadhafi.
    (AP, 11/29/11)
2011        Nov 28, A UN investigation concluded that Syrian forces committed crimes against humanity by killing and torturing hundreds of children, including a 2-year-old girl reportedly shot to death so she wouldn't grow up to be a demonstrator.
    (AP, 11/28/11)
2011        Nov 28, Yugoslavia's last PM Ante Markovic (87) died in Zagreb, Croatia. He tried to prevent the former country's bloody breakup in the 1990s.
    (AP, 11/28/11)

2011        Nov 29, Arthur Morgan III (27) was captured without incident at a home in San Diego, Calif. The arrest came one week after he allegedly killed Tierra Morgan-Glover during a court-approved visit in New Jersey and then fled the state. The girl's mother, Imani Benton, called police after Morgan failed to return the child on Nov. 21.
    (AP, 11/30/11)
2011        Nov 29, Dr. Conrad Murray (58), convicted in the 2009 overdose of pop singer Michael Jackson (1958-2009), was sentenced in Los Angeles to 4 years behind bars.
    (SFC, 11/30/11, p.A12)
2011        Nov 29, Authorities in San Diego uncovered a 600-yard cross border tunnel and seized 32 tons of marijuana.
    (SFC, 12/1/11, p.A13)
2011        Nov 29, AMR Corp., the parent of American Airlines, filed for bankruptcy and replaced CEO Gerard Arpey. The company still had some 8 billion in cash to keep operating.
    (SFC, 11/30/11, p.D5)
2011        Nov 29, In Aruba US businessman Gary Giordano was released on the order of a judge, who ruled authorities had failed to justify continuing to hold him nearly four months since his companion, Robyn Gardner, vanished during their five-day excursion to the Dutch Caribbean island. Once back in the US, he would be free to file a claim to redeem the American Express travel insurance policy he took out on Gardner.
    (AP, 11/29/11)
2011        Nov 29, Three-quarters of British-grown oysters contain norovirus, a bug which causes diarrhea and vomiting, according to new research published by the Food Standards Agency (FSA).
    (AFP, 11/29/11)
2011        Nov 29, China's central government raised the country's rural poverty line by more than 80 percent as part of efforts to increase aid to its struggling low-income population. Veteran activist Chen Xi (57) was arrested. He was accused of writing 36 essays that incited subversion. On Dec 23 he charged with subversion. On Dec 26 he was sentenced to 10 years in prison.
    (AFP, 11/29/11)(AP, 12/24/11)(AP, 12/26/11)
2011        Nov 29, China pledged more than $2.3 million in military assistance to Uganda during a high-profile visit to Kampala by Beijing's defense minister.
    (AFP, 11/30/11)
2011        Nov 29, CongoDRC officials extended voting to a second day in an attempt to prevent further unrest in sub-Saharan Africa's largest nation. The election was marred by missing ballots and violence.
    (AP, 11/29/11)
2011        Nov 29, In the Dominican Rep. 2 men driving in Santo Domingo were slain in a gun attack. Their stolen government car then crashed into a small truck, killing an adult and a child.
    (AP, 11/29/11)
2011        Nov 29, In Egypt long lines formed at polling stations for a second day of voting and the head of the election commission, Abdel-Mooaez Ibrahim, proclaimed turnout so far had been "massive and unexpected." The voting process is staggered over the next six weeks across 27 provinces, divided into thirds with runoffs held a week after the first round in each location.
    (AP, 11/29/11)
2011        Nov 29, German police arrested Ralf Wohlleben (36), a right-wing extremist on suspicion he helped arm a small group of neo-Nazis accused of a string of killings of minorities and a policewoman.
    (AP, 11/29/11)
2011        Nov 29, Hard-line Iranian students stormed British diplomatic sites in Tehran, bringing down the Union Jack flag, burning an embassy vehicle and throwing documents from windows in scenes reminiscent of the seizing of the US compound in 1979.
    (AP, 11/29/11)
2011        Nov 29, Iran hanged three convicted rapists and six drug traffickers, one of them a woman, in different cities.
    (AFP, 11/29/11)
2011        Nov 29, Jamaica’s Transport Minister Mike Henry issued a statement announcing he is resigning due to "ongoing attacks" on the management of a five-year initiative launched in 2010 to upgrade rutted roadways. Allegations that a $400 million road project has been mismanaged led to his resignation.
    (AP, 11/30/11)
2011        Nov 29, Rockets fired from Lebanon struck northern Israel for the first time in more than two years, drawing a burst of Israeli artillery fire across the tense border. No casualties or major damage were reported.
    (AP, 11/29/11)
2011        Nov 29, Aisha Kadhafi, the daughter of the slain Libyan leader, called for the overthrow of Libya's interim government in an audio message aired on Syrian-based Arrai television.
    (AFP, 11/30/11)
2011        Nov 29, Malaysia's parliament enacted a ban on street protests. Demonstrators denounced the law as a violation of constitutional protections of free speech and a sign that PM Najib Razak was breaking his pledge to bolster civil liberties.
    (AFP, 11/29/11)
2011        Nov 29, Morocco’s King Mohammed VI received Abdelilah Benkirane, the secretary general of the Justice and Development Party, in the mountain town of Midelt and named him head of government with the task of forming a governing coalition.
    (AP, 11/29/11)
2011        Nov 29, A Myanmar government delegation held talks in China with representatives of the Kachin Independence Organization, led by its chairman Zaung Hara, with which it has had armed clashes since June.
    (AP, 12/1/11)
2011        Nov 29, Nepalese MPs extended parliament's term for a fourth and final time to allow the drafting of a new constitution in line with a peace accord brokered after the civil war ended in 2006. The current 601-member parliament, or Constituent Assembly, was given an initial two-year mandate to write a new constitution for the young republic.
    (AFP, 11/29/11)
2011        Nov 29, Nigeria's Senate voted to criminalize gay marriage, gay advocacy groups and same-sex public displays of affection, the latest legislation targeting a minority already facing discrimination in Africa's most populous nation. The bill must be passed by Nigeria's House of Representatives and signed by President Goodluck Jonathan before becoming law.
    (AP, 11/29/11)
2011        Nov 29, Norwegian prosecutors said confessed mass killer Anders Behring Breivik was insane when he killed 77 people in a July 22 bomb and shooting rampage, and should be sent to a psychiatric ward instead of prison.
    (AP, 11/29/11)
2011        Nov 29, Pakistan decided to boycott a key international conference on Afghanistan next month in Bonn, widening its protest over lethal cross-border NATO strikes and exacerbating a deep crisis in US ties. Islamabad communicated with the alliance to prevent an exchange of artillery fire from turning into another international incident.
    (AFP, 11/29/11)(AP, 11/30/11)
2011        Nov 29, Philippine authorities in Zamboanga captured Hussein Ahaddin, an al-Qaida-linked bomber suspected in at least six attacks, including a 2002 karaoke bar explosion that killed an American Green Beret and a hotel blast this week that killed three people.
    (AP, 11/30/11)
2011        Nov 29, President Dmitry Medvedev officially commissioned a new military early warning radar in the Kaliningrad region, saying it shows Russia's readiness to respond to US missile defense plans.
    (AP, 11/29/11)
2011        Nov 29, The World Health Organization (WHO) said its offices in southern Somalia were looted during rebel raids while children's relief agency UNICEF said its base in the area remained occupied. By Feb, 2012, al-Shabaab militants seized 480,000 pounds ($744,400) of UK-funded humanitarian aid supplies. They raided warehouses and offices of organizations partnered with the UK's Department for International Development, which spent 102.9 million pounds in Somalia that year.
    (AFP, 11/29/11)(AP, 8/11/13)
2011        Nov 29, South Ossetia’s Supreme Court invalidated the results of the election due to alleged violations and barred Alla Dzhioyeva from a new election set for March.
    (AP, 11/30/11)
2011        Nov 29, Tunisia’s state news said interim President Fouad Mebazza has signed a decree extending the state of emergency for the fourth time since it was first enacted during street unrest after the fall of Tunisia's longtime autocratic leader in January.
    (AP, 11/29/11)
2011        Nov 29, The UN weather office said world temperatures keep rising, and are heading for a threshold that could lead to irreversible changes of the Earth.
    (AP, 11/29/11)
2011        Nov 29, The Yemeni army killed six Qaeda-linked militants in their stronghold of Zinjibar, capital of the restive southern province of Abyan. A rocket attack by Houthi rebels killed some 24 students at a religious school run by ultra-orthodox Sunnis near the town of Saada. The Houthis claim themselves to be champions Zaydism, a Shia-derived version of Islam.
    (AFP, 11/30/11)(Econ, 12/3/11, p.61)(Econ, 11/24/12, p.57)
2011        Nov 29, Zimbabwe state radio reported that militant youth group loyal to Pres. Mugabe is calling for a boycott of a restaurant chain whose latest advertisement depicts the aging, authoritarian president as "the last dictator standing." The head of Chipangano called for South Africa-based Nando's to withdraw the ad.
    (AP, 11/29/11)

2011        Nov 30, Amid fears of a eurozone collapse, central banks of the United States, the eurozone, Britain, Japan, Canada and Switzerland said that they would cut the cost of providing dollars to banks. The move pushed the DJIA up 490 points, its biggest gain since March 2009.
    (AFP, 12/1/11)(SFC, 12/1/11, p.D1)
2011        Nov 30, US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton arrived in Myanmar on the first top-level US visit for half a century.
    (AFP, 11/30/11)
2011        Nov 30, A rare 1938 first issue of Action Comics, which first featured Superman, was auctioned online for a record $2.16 million.
    (SFC, 12/1/11, p.A10)
2011        Nov 30, In Berkeley, Ca., city manager Phil Kamlarz (64) retired after working 36 years for the city. He left with a check of nearly $150,000 for unused sick and vacation time and was expected to make $249,420 annually during retirement due to bonuses received for his longevity with the city. Large pensions were threatening the financial stability of the city.
    (SFC, 12/21/11, p.C3)
2011        Nov 30, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed a NATO service member.
    (AP, 11/30/11)
2011        Nov 30, In Albania self-styled king Leka I Zogu (72), the son of King Ahmet Zogu, died. The father had proclaimed himself Albania's monarch in 1928.
    (AP, 12/3/11)
2011        Nov 30, Argentina’s Chamber of Deputies approved a bill allowing all transvestites and transsexuals to be recognized by the gender of their choice.
    (AP, 11/30/11)
2011        Nov 30, An Aruba appeals court rejected a prosecution appeal to put US businessman Gary Giordano back in pretrial detention. Giordano had already left Aruba when the three-judge panel ruled that prosecutors lacked sufficient evidence to continue holding him as a suspect in the disappearance and presumed death of his traveling companion, Robyn Gardner.
    (AP, 11/30/11)
2011        Nov 30, Britain's foreign secretary ordered all Iranian diplomats out of the UK within 48 hours following attacks on the British embassy and a residential compound in Tehran. The ransacked embassy in Tehran was shuttered.
    (AP, 11/30/11)(SFC, 12/1/11, p.A3)
2011        Nov 30, Britain’s biggest carbon capture (CC) pilot plant began siphoning emissions from SSE's 490 megawatt coal-fired station at Ferrybridge, West Yorkshire, in the latest effort to prove the technology on an industrial scale.
    (Reuters, 11/30/11)   
2011        Nov 30, CongoDRC officials extended voting to a third day in an attempt to prevent further unrest in sub-Saharan Africa's largest nation.
    (AP, 11/30/11)
2011        Nov 30, In Egypt about 80 people were hurt when overnight clashes erupted between protesters and angry street vendors at Cairo's Tahrir Square.
    (AP, 11/30/11)
2011        Nov 30, A French court jailed five Somali men for between four and eight years and acquitted a sixth in the Sep 2, 2008, hostage taking of a French couple on their yacht in the Gulf of Aden.
    (AFP, 11/30/11)
2011        Nov 30, A senior German official said the government has approved the subsidized sale of another Dolphin-type military submarine to Israel. Israel already has 3 Dolphin submarines from Germany, one half-funded and two entirely funded by Berlin.
    (AP, 11/30/11)
2011        Nov 30, Germany's top administrative court ruled that students don't have the right to pray while in school if a conflict is created. This upheld a decision by a lower court which had denied that right to a Muslim student who had demanded a private prayer room at his Berlin high school.
    (AP, 11/30/11)
2011        Nov 30, Indian authorities said they have broken up a terror cell responsible for a series of bombings, including a deadly blast at a southern cafe popular with foreigners. The cell was responsible for the Feb. 13, 2010, blast that killed 17 people at a cafe in Pune.
    (AP, 11/30/11)
2011        Nov 30, Israel announced that it would release tens of millions of dollars of tax funds owed to the Palestinians, ending a standoff that the Palestinians say has caused grave damage to their fragile economy.
    (AP, 11/30/11)
2011        Nov 30, In Italy a judge, politician and police official were among 10 people detained in a crackdown on the 'ndrangheta crime syndicate in Milan and southern Reggio Calabria.
    (AP, 11/30/11)
2011        Nov 30, Former Ivory Coast President Laurent Gbagbo (66) was taken into custody by the International Criminal Court at The Hague to face charges of murder, rape and other crimes allegedly committed by his supporters as he clung to power after last year's elections.
    (AP, 11/30/11)
2011        Nov 30, Lebanon's PM Najib Mikati said his country has paid its share of funds for a UN-backed tribunal investigating the 2005 assassination of a Lebanese statesman, averting a political crisis in the deeply divided country at a critical time in the Middle East.
    (AP, 11/30/11)
2011        Nov 30, In Mali hundreds of people took to the streets of Bamako to demand that a referendum on proposed changes to the constitution be shelved. The changes, first announced in December 2009, include the creation of a Senate as a second house of parliament and will give the president the power to "define the nation's policy" as opposed to the prime minister.
    (AFP, 11/30/11)
2011        Nov 30, Norway said it has temporarily closed its embassy in Tehran due to security concerns after the British mission in the Iranian capital was attacked by an angry mob.
    (AFP, 11/30/11)
2011        Nov 30, In Peru US-based Newmont Mining Corp. suspended its $4.8 billion gold project  at Minas Conga under government pressure to reestablish tranquility and social peace.
    (SFC, 12/1/11, p.A7)
2011        Nov 30, Amnesty International published a new report accusing Saudi Arabia of conducting a campaign of repression against protesters and reformists since the Arab Spring erupted.
    (AFP, 12/1/11)
2011        Nov 30, In Somalia a suicide bomber dressed in a military uniform triggered his explosives at army headquarters in Mogadishu, killing four soldiers.
    (AP, 11/30/11)
2011        Nov 30, In South Africa Rajendra Pachauri, the UN's top climate scientist, cautioned climate negotiators that global warming is leading to human dangers and soaring financial costs, but containing carbon emissions will have a host of benefits.
    (AP, 11/30/11)
2011        Nov 30, In South Ossetia Alla Dzhioyeva, a former school principal and anti-corruption crusader, declared herself president after she led with about 57% of the Nov 27 run-off vote with ballots from 74 of the 85 precincts counted. Troops fired warning shots into the air as thousands rallied to support Dzhioyeva. Former defense minister Anatoly Barankevich told the crowd that he obtained the final election results, which confirmed her victory.
    (AP, 11/30/11)
2011        Nov 30, Sudan said it will take 23% of the south's vital oil exports as payment in kind, after talks in Addis Ababa failed, but will not block Juba's exports. Sudan was looking to charge the south $36 per barrel for the use of its oil infrastructure, in contrast to a southern offer of 70 cents. Southern oil minister Stephen Dhieu Dau rejected the north's fee as "extortionate."
    (AP, 11/30/11)
2011        Nov 30, Turkey slapped tough economic sanctions on Syria, freezing assets of officials involved in the government's crackdown on an 8-month-old uprising, suspending ties with the nation's central bank and banning all military sales.
    (AP, 11/30/11)
2011        Nov 30, In Turkey a heavily armed man opened fire at Istanbul's Topkapi Palace, wounding a Turkish soldier and a security guard before police snipers killed the attacker. Hw was identified as Samir Salem Ali Elmadhavri (36), a Libyan with Syrian citizenship.
    (AP, 11/30/11)
2011        Nov 30, The United Arab Emirates announced that children of Emirati women married to foreigners could apply for citizenship once they turned 18, moving closer to giving women the same nationality rights as men.
    (AFP, 11/30/11)
2011        Nov 30, In Yemen gunmen shot dead two government soldiers in the main southern city of Aden, as thousands rallied there to call for secession from the north.
    (AFP, 11/30/11)

2011        Nov, The 685-member Fort Sill Apache won the right to establish a reservation on homelands in southern New Mexico. The US Interior Department approved a proclamation that awards the Fort Sill Apache 30 acres to establish a reservation near Deming.
    (AP, 11/24/11)
2011        Nov, In China Neil Heywood (b.1970), a British citizen, was found dead in his hotel in Chongqing. Authorities said he died of alcohol poisoning and cremated the body without an autopsy. Heywood had long history of advising Western companies on China and had connection with the family of Bo Xilai established through his Chinese wife.
    (SFC, 3/27/12, p.A2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neil_Heywood)
2011        Nov, In Egypt nearly two weeks of street fighting on downtown Cairo's Mohammed Mahmoud street left 42 people dead.
    (AP, 1/19/13)
2011        Nov, Maria Assunta (94) left a $13 million fortune to her beloved kitty Tommaso when she died two weeks ago. The feline's newfound riches include cash, as well as properties in Rome, Milan and land in Calabria.
    (ABCNews, 12/12/11)
2011        Nov, A large metallic ball fell out of the sky on a remote grassland in Namibia, prompting baffled authorities to contact NASA and the European space agency. Several such balls have dropped in southern Africa, Australia and Latin America in the past twenty years, authorities found in an Internet search.
    (AFP, 12/22/11)
2011        Nov, In southwestern Mexico local communities in Oaxaca state formally rejected a three-year, $30 million power project near the Cerro de Oro dam supported by the little-known Overseas Private Investment Corp. (OPIC) in Washington.
    (AP, 1/30/15)
2011        Nov, The Swiss Cabinet decided to order 22 Gripen fighters from Sweden's Saab AB to replace the air force's aging Northrop F-5 Tigers.
    (AP, 2/14/12)

2011        Dec 1, Pres. Obama marked World Aids Day with plans to boost spending on HIV treatment by $50 million.
    (SFC, 12/2/11, p.A3)
2011        Dec 1, The US Army established a new cyber brigade. The colors of the 780th Military Intelligence Brigade were unfurled for the first time during an activation ceremony at NSA's Friedman Auditorium, Fort Meade, Md.
    (http://tinyurl.com/7d9kdgm)
2011        Dec 1, Amnesty International urged Ethiopia, Tanzania and Zambia to arrest former US president George W. Bush for violating international torture laws, during his African tour this week.
    (AFP, 12/1/11)
2011        Dec 1, The California Public Utilities Commission approved a record $38 million fine against Pacific Gas & Electric for a string of safety violations that led up to a 2008 Christmas Eve explosion outside Sacramento that killed a homeowner.
    (SFC, 12/2/11, p.A1)
2011        Dec 1, In San Francisco 5 members of the MS-13 gang were sentenced to life in prison for a campaign of violence that included three murders in 2008.
    (SFC, 12/2/11, p.C4)
2011        Dec 1, Afghan Pres. Karzai pardoned an Afghan woman (19) serving a 12-year sentence for having sex out of wedlock after she was raped by a relative. Karzai said she had agreed to marry her attacker. She had a child while in prison and had previously refused a judge’s offer of freedom in exchange for marrying the rapist.
    (SFC, 12/2/11, p.A5)
2011        Dec 1, A second wave of Afghanistan's transition from NATO to local control officially started as international forces handed over most of a peaceful province. All but two districts of Parwan province, north of the capital Kabul, were being handed to Afghan control.
    (AFP, 12/1/11)
2011        Dec 1, Auto giants Toyota and BMW said they have agreed to collaborate on research for cleaner, next-generation car batteries.
    (AP, 12/1/11)
2011        Dec 1, Britain’s navy arrested 7 suspected pirates after a helicopter chase off the coast of Somalia. A Spanish fishing vessel had come under attack by a group of pirate vessels.
    (SFC, 12/2/11, p.A2)
2011        Dec 1, Berlin-based Transparency International (TI) said corruption is hampering efforts to tackle the eurozone debt crisis, as Greece (80) and Italy (69) scored badly in a list of nations seen to be the most sleaze-ridden. Nepal ranked 154th out of 183 countries. New Zealand ranked the cleanest, while the US ranked 24th. Afghanistan ranked 180.
    (AFP, 12/1/11)(cpi.transparency.org/cpi2011/results/)(AFP, 12/11/11)
2011        Dec 1, Christa Wolf (b.1929), East German writer, died. Her first novel “Divided Heaven" (1963) was translated to English in 2013 under the title “They Divided the Sky." Her last novel “City of Angels" was also translated into English in 2013. In 1993 Wolf was revealed to have been an informer for the Stasi, East Germany’s secret police.
    (Econ, 7/13/13, p.73)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christa_Wolf)
2011        Dec 1, Shops around India closed their doors in a strike called to protest a new policy to allow big-box retailers into the country.
    (AP, 12/1/11)
2011        Dec 1, In Iraq 2 separate attacks killed 17 people in northeastern Diyala province. The attacks came as US Vice President Joe Biden met with Iraqi officials on a trip designed to chart a new relationship between the two countries ahead of the withdrawal of US forces by the end of this year.
    (AP, 12/1/11)
2011        Dec 1, Ivory Coast President Alassane Ouattara arrived in Conakry for a one day visit in which he and his Guinean counterpart Alpha Conde will discuss reconciliation efforts in their troubled countries.
    (AFP, 12/1/11)
2011        Dec 1, In Kazakhstan a new 5.2 mile subway line officially opened in Almaty. Work had begun in 1988 under Soviet rule.
    (SFC, 12/3/11, p.A2)
2011        Dec 1, Lebanese bankers said they have adopted strict measures to ensure compliance with international sanctions against neighboring Syria and are closely scrutinizing transactions by Syrian clients.
    (AFP, 12/1/11)
2011        Dec 1, Libya's interim interior minister Fawzi Abdelali said security forces will integrate 50,000 fighters who battled loyalists of late dictator Moamer Kadhafi.
    (AFP, 12/1/11)
2011        Dec 1, Mexican authorities said army troops have dismantled a telecommunications system set up by organized crime in four northern states. The US government delivered inspection technology and a surveillance plane to help Mexico's navy fight drug cartels.
    (AP, 12/1/11)
2011        Dec 1, The first talks in nearly six years between Moldova and the pro-Moscow separatist region of Trans-Dniester concluded in Lithuania with an agreement for more meetings at the beginning of next year.
    (AP, 12/1/11)
2011        Dec 1, Nigerian officials said at least 5,000 people have fled villages in central Nigeria at the heart of clashes between nomadic cattle herders and farmers, as at least five people have died in the fighting.
    (AP, 12/1/11)
2011        Dec 1, Peru’s El Comercio reported that Congress has amended the penal code to included prison sentences of 15-35 years for murders committed by husbands, lovers, boyfriends and live-in partners. An average of 10 Peruvian women were murdered monthly by their lovers.
    (SSFC, 12/4/11, p.A4)
2011        Dec 1, Russian prosecutors launched a probe against Golos, the country's main independent election watchdog, on suspicion of election law violations — just three days before the national parliamentary vote. It has recorded more than 4,500 complaints related to the Dec 4 election, most involving the dominant United Russia party.
    (AP, 12/1/11)
2011        Dec 1, In Slovakia more than 1,200 doctors of some 7,000 from public hospitals resigned from their posts over low pay, forcing hospitals to delay planned operations and focus on necessary treatment. A new deal was announced on Dec 3 that will ensure salaries for doctors in the state-run hospitals of up to 2.3 times higher than average.
    (AP, 12/3/11)
2011        Dec 1, South Africa’s President Jacob Zuma unveiled a 5-year plan to halve the number of HIV infections, cementing South Africa's turnaround from years of deadly denial.
    (AFP, 12/1/11)
2011        Dec 1, In eastern South Africa a crash involving a van and a truck killed all 18 people aboard the two vehicles, including a baby.
    (AP, 12/1/11)
2011        Dec 1, Syria's opposition called a general strike over President Bashar Assad's deadly crackdown as government troops stormed a village in the central province of Hama, killing six people. Arab League chief Nabil al-Arabi rejected any foreign intervention in Syria as he joined EU talks aimed at ramping up pressure on the regime over its crackdown on dissidents. The EU's latest sanctions were announced, targeting 12 more people and 11 companies. The UN high commissioner for human rights said that the violence in Syria is a civil war.
    (AP, 12/1/11)(AFP, 12/1/11)(AP, 12/2/11)
2011        Dec 1, In Tunisia thousands of people rallied in central Tunis to express fears of extremism under an Islamist party that swept to power in October polls, but also to denounce unemployment and corruption.
    (AFP, 12/1/11)
2011        Dec 1, Clashes between Yemeni soldiers and armed tribesmen in the restive southern city of Taiz left 13 dead including 5 soldiers.
    (AP, 12/1/11)
2011        Dec 1, In Venezuela a 5-year-old boy died in Guanare. An autopsy found bruises and other injuries on the boy's body as well as scars showing a history of physical abuse and "signs of sexual abuse." His death sparked violent protests leading to the arrest of some 30 people. Suspects, including the boy's mother, faced charges of murder, sexual abuse and abusive treatment.
    (AP, 12/7/11)

2011        Dec 2, In Santa Clara, Ca., city officials announced that they have secured $850 million in funding for a new 49ers football stadium now estimated to cost $1.02 billion.
    (SFC, 12/3/11, p.A1)
2011        Dec 2, In Florida Michele O'Dowd (67) was found beaten, strangled and hidden beneath the Christmas presents in her Jacksonville home. Authorities soon charged Patty Michelle White (40) of York, S.C., who had been befriended by the victim.
    (AP, 12/6/11)
2011        Dec 2, In Canton, Georgia, Puerto Rico-born Jorelys Rivera (7) disappeared from a playground after her babysitter went home to fetch sodas for friends. The girl’s body was found on Dec 5 in a trash container and she appeared to have been severely beaten and sexually assaulted. On Dec 7 Ryan Brunn (20), a maintenance worker, was arrested for her murder. Brunn was found dead of an apparent suicide in his prison cell on Jan 19.
    (SFC, 12/6/11, p.A12)(SFC, 12/8/11, p.A14)(AP, 12/13/11)(AP, 1/19/12)
2011        Dec 2, Michigan Rep. Gov Rick Snyder’s administration said it would begin a review of Detroit’s finances. Managers in Michigan were already overseeing Benton Harbor, Flint, Pontiac and the Detroit public schools. On Dec 6 Michigan took the first legal steps toward a state takeover of Detroit.
    (SSFC, 12/4/11, p.A24)(http://tinyurl.com/7t85ca9)(Econ, 12/10/11, p.36)
2011        Dec 2, In eastern Afghanistan a suicide bomber blew up a truck full of explosives outside a joint Afghan-NATO combat outpost, killing one Afghan civilian and wounding dozens of other people in Logar province.
    (AP, 12/2/11)   
2011        Dec 2, It was reported that former British police boss John Yates and US ex-cop John Timoney will oversee reforms to Bahrain's security force after a report found it guilty of human rights abuses. Yates, who quit as head of Britain's Metropolitan police force in July over a phone-hacking scandal, and Timoney, former head of Miami police, were asked to modernize Bahrain’s police force in order to meet international human rights standards.
    (AFP, 12/2/11)
2011        Dec 2, Britain’s PM David Cameron held emergency talks with French President Nicolas Sarkozy, while France and Germany tried to drum up support for a new EU treaty to enforce budget discipline.
    (AFP, 12/2/11)
2011        Dec 2, Christopher Logue (85), English poet, died.
    (Econ, 12/17/11, p.166)
2011        Dec 2, In Colombia flooding over the last 3 months has caused 114 deaths with another 21 people missing.
    (Econ, 12/10/11, p.42)
2011        Dec 2, Human Rights Watch said CongoDRC election-related violence has already killed 18 civilians, amid fears that fresh unrest could erupt over alleged fraud. A UN report on March 20, 2012, said security forces killed at least 33 people among other "serious human rights violations" during  the November elections.
    (AFP, 12/2/11)(AFP, 3/21/12)
2011        Dec 2, In Haiti a dump truck slammed into a bus in a western coastal town, killing at least five people.
    (AP, 12/2/11)
2011        Dec 2, In Iraq the Camp Victory base complex, at its height was home to 46,000 people, was handed over to the Iraqi government as part of American efforts to move all US troops out of the country by the end of the year.
    (AP, 12/2/11)
2011        Dec 2, Kosovo and Serbia agreed on normalizing border procedures, one of the thorniest issues in current talks between the two rivals. An EU statement said, "The parties will gradually set up the joint, integrated, single and secure posts at all their common crossing points."
    (AP, 12/3/11)
2011        Dec 2, In Mexico Humberto Moreira the head of Mexico's former ruling party (PRI) resigned over a financial scandal in Coahuila that threatened the party's efforts to rebrand itself as corruption-free and retake the presidency in 2012. The case against two of Moreira’s associates was dropped in 2013 due to lack of evidence.
    (AP, 12/2/11)(Econ, 3/10/12, p.50)(AP, 4/24/13)
2011        Dec 2, In Mexico Norma Andrade (51), an activist representing relatives of women slain or missing in the border city of Ciudad Juarez, was shot in what authorities called an apparent robbery attempt. She was shot twice outside her home and was in stable condition in a hospital.
    (AP, 12/3/11)
2011        Dec 2, Myanmar's Pres. Thein Sein formally approved a bill allowing citizens to protest peacefully if they have permission, in one of a series of reformist moves by the regime. Shan State Army-South rebel group, one of the main ethnic rebel groups battling Myanmar’s government, was reported to have signed a preliminary cease-fire.
    (AFP, 12/3/11)(AP, 12/2/11)
2011        Dec 2, The Environmental Rights Action (ERA)/Friends of the Earth Nigeria (FoEN) visited Kalaba community, Bayelsa state, and observed five spill points on the pipeline which was spewing oil into the environment. The pipeline was operated by Agip, the local subsidiary of Italian oil group Eni.
    (AFP, 12/3/11)
2011        Dec 2, In Peru Jose Flores Hala, one of two remaining leaders of the Shining Path guerrilla group, said his troops will cease attacks and is calling for a truce to start peace negotiations with the government.
    (AP, 12/7/11)
2011        Dec 2, In the Philippines 6 fishermen, from China's southern island province of Hainan, were arrested in waters off western Palawan province's Balabac township, for catching endangered sea turtles. Officials said the fishermen's mother ship may have escaped when their speedboat was intercepted.
    (AP, 12/4/11)
2011        Dec 2, In Puerto Rico a man opened fire inside an unemployment office in Caguas, killing Luis Lopez Rodriguez (27) and wounding another in what an official said appeared to be targeted attack.
    (AP, 12/2/11)
2011        Dec 2, A Russian court found Golos, the country’s only independent election watchdog, guilty of violations, casting doubt on its ability to monitor the Dec 4 parliamentary election as voters complain of record violations by the Kremlin party.
    (AP, 12/2/11)
2011        Dec 2, Royal Bank of Scotland said it has sold its 918 tenanted pubs in Britain to Dutch brewer Heineken for 422 million pounds, another step in its exit from non-core businesses following a government bailout.
    (Reuters, 12/2/11)
2011        Dec 2, The Seychelles invited Beijing to set up a military base on the archipelago to beef up the fight against piracy there.
    (AFP, 12/2/11)
2011        Dec 2, Spanish police said they have arrested L. Morris (66), a British man, suspected of raping his step-daughter when she was nine years old and years later abusing her daughter as well. He had moved to Spain from Kent where the alleged rapes took place.
    (AFP, 12/2/11)
2011        Dec 2, In Syria hours of intense shooting and clashes killed at least four people and wounded dozens more, including an 11-year-old girl who was struck by stray bullets that whizzed across the border into Lebanon. The European Union released the names of Syrian officials and companies to be added to a growing sanctions blacklist.
    (AP, 12/2/11)
2011        Dec 2, Tunisia closed the second main border post into Libya following attacks on Tunisians on the Libyan side, two days after the first closure.
    (AFP, 12/2/11)
2011        Dec 2, Yemeni government troops shelled residential areas in the restive southern city of Taiz for a fourth straight day, killing three people.
    (AP, 12/2/11)
2011        Dec 2, Venezuela’s Pres. Hugo Chavez hosted leaders from across the Americas at a two-day summit. Chavez described the new regional bloc that excludes the US as a tribute to his idol Bolivar, saying the time has come to put an end to US hegemony. The 33-nation Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC) includes every country in Latin America and the Caribbean. Plans for the new organization, which grew out of the 24-nation Rio Group, have been in the works since a 2008 summit hosted by Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva.
    (AP, 12/2/11)

2011        Dec 3, Businessman Herman Cain, plagued by allegations of sexual harassment and marriage infidelity, announced that he is officially suspending his campaign for US president.
    (Reuters, 12/3/11)
2011        Dec 3, In Colorado a small plane with 4 people crashed in the mountains near Silverton.
    (SFC, 12/5/11, p.A6)
2011        Dec 3, In eastern Afghanistan 3 troops from the NATO-led International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) were killed by a roadside bomb.
    (AFP, 12/3/11)
2011        Dec 3, In Brazil a tractor-trailer slammed into a bus carrying sugarcane cutters, killing at least 33 people and injuring 13 others in the northeastern state of Bahia.
    (AP, 12/3/11)
2011        Dec 3, The London-based Iranian and Kurdish Women's Rights Organization (IKWRO) reported that more than 2,800 so-called honor attacks, punishments for bringing shame on the family, were recorded by Britain's police in 2010.
    (AFP, 12/3/11)
2011        Dec 3, Congo's Pres. Kabila, who is seeking a second term in a nation reeling from poverty and pummeled by war, was leading with just over 50 percent of the votes after early presidential poll results were released.
    (AP, 12/3/11)
2011        Dec 3, Early results from Egypt's first post-revolution election showed Islamist parties sweeping to victory, including hardline Salafists, with secular parties trounced in many areas. Full results after the first Nov 28-29 voting, which saw 62 percent turnout, have been delayed several times.
    (AFP, 12/3/11)
2011        Dec 3, Guyana's new Pres. Donald Ramotar (61) was sworn in, pledging that his minority government will work with an opposition-controlled Parliament. Ramotar replaced Bharrat Jagdeo, who served the two-term maximum set by Guyana's constitution.
    (AP, 12/4/11)
2011        Dec 3, In Honduras a female Peace Corps volunteer was shot in the leg during an armed robbery in a bus in the city of San Pedro Sula. Two others were wounded. One of the three alleged robbers was killed by a bus passenger. A US government decision to pull out the entire Peace Corps delegation came 18 days later
    (AP, 1/18/12)
2011        Dec 3, A key ally of India’s ruling coalition said the government has "suspended" plans to open the nation's huge retail sector to global competition that have paralyzed parliament.
    (AFP, 12/3/11)
2011        Dec 3, Thousands protested in India against the country's decision to compete in the London Olympics despite sponsorship of the Games by Dow chemical, a US firm linked to the 1984 Bhopal gas tragedy. Thousands of survivors of the tragedy blocked trains demanding more compensation.
    (AFP, 12/3/11)(SSFC, 12/4/11, p.A8)
2011        Dec 3, The Kenyan army said it had lost four troops killed in action against Somalia's Shebab Islamist rebels while 10 had been hospitalized with wounds since it launched its incursion in mid-October.
    (AFP, 12/3/11)
2011        Dec 3, In Nigeria suspected Muslim sect members shot and killed two people during a wedding ceremony in Maiduguri.
    (AP, 12/3/11)
2011        Dec 3, Pakistani actress Veena Malik said a nude photo has been published in violation of her agreement with FHM India and she was considering legal action against the magazine. She had posed in the nude for the Indian magazine with the initials of Pakistan's feared and powerful intelligence agency on her arm and triggered fury across her conservative nation.
    (AP, 12/3/11)
2011        Dec 3,     In Panama a small plane, piloted by a US citizen, crashed about 50 miles west of Panama City, killing pilot Monty Polo and Panamanian passenger Josue Cedeno.
    (AP, 12/3/11)
2011        Dec 3, In the Philippines more than 1,000 gays, lesbians and transgenders marched in Manila to demand equal rights, an end to discrimination, and more support for AIDS programs.
    (AP, 12/3/11)
2011        Dec 3, Sierra Leone's Pres. Ernest Bai Koroma officially declared the Gola Rainforest a national park.
    (AP, 12/3/11)
2011        Dec 3, The head of Sri Lanka's Roman Catholic church declared he will boycott state functions to protest against police allegations of child trafficking involving the Mother Teresa's Missionaries of Charity.
    (AFP, 12/3/11)
2011        Dec 3, Violence swept across Syria killing 25 people, most of them in a battle between troops and a growing force of army defectors who have joined the movement to oust President Bashar Assad. Syrian troops detained at least 27 people in the village of Talkalakh on the border with Lebanon and set fire to the homes of nine activists who were on the run. The Arab League approved details of sanctions against Syria aimed at pressuring the regime to end its deadly eight-month crackdown on dissent.
    (AP, 12/3/11)
2011        Dec 3, In Tunisia thousands of Islamist supporters descended on central Tunis to confront liberal demonstrators rallying against extremism as lawmakers draft a new constitution.
    (AFP, 12/3/11)
2011        Dec 3,     In Venezuela leaders from across Latin America and the Caribbean pledged closer ties to safeguard their economies from the world financial crisis as they formed a new bloc on Saturday including every nation in the hemisphere except the US and Canada. The leaders formally launched the new bloc, known by its Spanish initials CELAC, by approving a declaration of shared principles as well as a clause dealing with democratic norms.
    (AP, 12/3/11)
2011        Dec 3, Five Yemeni soldiers were killed in an attack by Al-Qaeda suspects on their post near the southern restive city of Zinjibar in Abyan province.
    (AFP, 12/4/11)

2011        Dec 4, In southeast Georgia 4 Army soldiers based at Fort Stewart killed Michael Roark (19), a former comrade, and his girlfriend, Tiffany York (17), to protect an anarchist militia group they formed that stockpiled assault weapons and plotted a range of anti-government attacks. On Aug 27, 2012, Pfc. Michael Burnett (26) gave testimony and pleaded guilty to manslaughter, illegal gang activity and other charges. He made a deal to cooperate with prosecutors against the three other soldiers.
    (AP, 8/27/12)
2011        Dec 4, Washington DC police detained over 30 people in a standoff at the Occupy DC campaign in McPherson Square.
    (SFC, 12/5/11, p.A8)
2011        Dec 4, It was reported that final preparations were underway for the for Chemistry Metallurgy Research Replacement Facility (CMRR) at Los Alamos National Laboratory, NM. The high-end price tag estimate of $5.8 billion is almost $1 billion more than New Mexico's annual state budget and more than double the lab's annual budget.
    (AP, 12/4/11)
2011        Dec 4, Australia’s Labor party passed PM Julia Gillard's proposal with 206 votes to 185, reversing a decades-old policy excluding New Delhi from Australia's uranium trade because it is not a signatory to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.
    (AFP, 12/4/11)
2011        Dec 4, In Brazil Socrates Brasileiro Sampaio de Souza Vieira de Oliveira (57), footballer and political agitator, died. In 2007 he authored “Football Philosophy."
    (Econ, 12/10/11, p.106)
2011        Dec 4, Croatians voted in a parliamentary election expected to unseat long-dominant conservatives and empower a center-left coalition. The vote for 151-seat parliament pits the governing center-right Croatian Democratic Union, or HDZ, against a coalition of left-leaning parties. The latter has led recent opinion polls.
    (AP, 12/4/11)
2011        Dec 4, DR Congo President Joseph Kabila led chief rival Etienne Tshisekedi 49 percent to 34 with about half of polling centers counted.
    (AFP, 12/4/11)
2011        Dec 4, In the Dominican Rep. Sonia Pierre (48), a human rights activist who bravely fought discrimination against poor Dominicans of Haitian descent, died.
    (AP, 12/4/11)
2011        Dec 4, In Egypt initial election results showed that Islamist parties won 65% of all votes cast for parties in the first round of parliamentary polls. The secular liberals, who played a key part in the January-February uprising, managed just 13.4%.
    (AFP, 12/4/11)
2011        Dec 4, In eastern India a landmine attack by Maoist rebels struck the convoy of a senior politician, killing ten policemen and a young boy in Jharkhand state.
    (AFP, 12/4/11)
2011        Dec 4, In Indonesia 11 people were killed when a high concrete wall collapsed in a housing complex during a heavy downpour in Makassar, Sulawesi island.
    (AP, 12/4/11)
2011        Dec 4, Iran's official IRNA news agency reported that Iranian armed forces have brought down an unmanned US spy plane that violated Iranian airspace along the country's eastern border.    Iran said it used advanced electronic warfare measures to detect, hack and bring down an advanced RQ-170 Sentinel drone. It suffered minor damage and was now in possession of Iran's armed forces." Footage of the drone was aired on Dec 8.
    (AP, 12/4/11)(SSFC, 12/11/11, p.A8)
2011        Dec 4, In Iraq explosions killed six people, including a father and son who were assembling a makeshift bomb that accidentally detonated inside their home in Kirkuk. In Baghdad a roadside bomb targeted an Iraqi military convoy in the capital's western suburb of Abu Ghraib. 4 soldiers were killed.
    (AP, 12/4/11)
2011        Dec 4, In Srinagar, Kashmir, authorities used batons, tear gas and water canons to break up Muslim religious processions held in defiance of a strict curfew.
    (AP, 12/4/11)
2011        Dec 4, Kazakhstan prosecutors said a clash outside the commercial capital of Almaty has left five militants and two government troops dead. The fighting occurred as security services cornered suspects wanted in the murder last month of two policemen in Almaty.
    (AP, 12/4/11)
2011        Dec 4, Pilots at Lebanese national carrier Middle East Airlines (MEA) ended a five-day strike in protest at the dismissal of a cancer-stricken colleague which grounded dozens of flights at Beirut airport.
    (AFP, 12/4/11)
2011        Dec 4, The Mexican army said that it has seized a total of at least 167 antennas, 155 repeaters, 166 power sources, 71 pieces of computer equipment and 1,446 radios. The equipment was taken down in several cities in the Gulf coast state of Veracruz and the northern states of Nuevo Leon, Coahuila, San Luis Potosi and Tamaulipas. The network was built around 2006 by the Gulf cartel, a narcotics-trafficking gang that employed a group of enforcers known as the Zetas, who had defected from Mexican army special forces.
    (AP, 12/26/11)
2011        Dec 4, Morocco's main leftwing party said it had decided not to take part in a government coalition led by the country's moderate Islamists.
    (AFP, 12/4/11)
2011        Dec 4, The Kathmandu-based Int’l. Center for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) published reports showing that Nepal's glaciers have shrunk by 21 percent and Bhutan's by 22 percent over the last 30 years.
    (AFP, 12/5/11)
2011        Dec 4, In northern Nigeria gunmen from a radical Muslim sect raided Azari town, Bauchi state, bombing police stations and robbing banks in an attack that killed at least six people.
    (AP, 12/4/11)
2011        Dec 4, Peru’s President Ollanta Humala declared a state of emergency in the northern department of Cajamarca following weeks of protests against the Minas Conga mining project.
    (Econ, 12/10/11, p.42)
2011        Dec 4, Russians cast their ballots with muted enthusiasm in parliamentary elections. Several parties complained of extensive election violations aimed at boosting the vote count of United Russia, the party of PM Vladimir Putin. An election official later described how he had manipulated the vote at his polling station to give Putin's party the desired 65 percent, when in fact it had won no more than 25 percent.
    (AP, 12/4/11)(AP, 3/4/12)
2011        Dec 4, In Singapore hundreds of people gathered at a park to protest sexual violence against women as part of the global "SlutWalk" movement, in a rare public demonstration in the tightly controlled city state.
    (AP, 12/4/11)
2011        Dec 4, Slovenians voted in an early election expected to bring conservatives back to power, where they will have to tackle the country's mounting debt, unemployment and a looming recession. President Danilo Turk said that "the most important task of the new government will be to restart economy." The outgoing center-left government of PM Borut Pahor has failed to push through pension and labor reform requested by the EU. The center-left Positive Slovenia party won with 28.5% of the ballots.
    (AP, 12/4/11)(AP, 12/13/11)
2011        Dec 4, Syria signaled it still might be willing to comply with the Arab League's plan, saying its objections were simply a matter of details. In central Syria new violence killed at least six people, including a female university professor and a father and his three children.
    (AP, 12/4/11)
2011        Dec 4, Yemeni officials said clashes between the army and tribal fighters in Taiz have left at least 28 people dead over the last 3 days. Abdrabuh Mansur Hadi formed a military commission under the Gulf Cooperation Council agreement to oversee the restructuring of the security forces, many of which are controlled by Saleh's relatives.
    (SFC, 12/5/11, p.A2)(AFP, 12/6/11)

2011        Dec 5, The US said it is vacating the Shamsi air base in Pakistan used by American drones that target Taliban and al-Qaida militants, complying with a key demand made by Islamabad in retaliation for the NATO airstrikes that killed 24 Pakistani soldiers.
    (AP, 12/5/11)
2011        Dec 5, A team led by astronomers at the University of California, Berkeley, reported the discovery of two gigantic black holes, each one 10 billion times the mass of our sun, in clusters of elliptical galaxies more than 300 million light years away.
    (AP, 12/6/11)
2011        Dec 5, NASA scientists reported that a planet dubbed Kepler22b, first detected in 2009, exists in a habitable zone of a solar system 600 light-years away.
    (SFC, 12/6/11, p.A1)
2011        Dec 5, Angela Zhang (17) of Cupertino, Ca, won a $100,000 scholarship, at the Siemens Foundation's annual high school science competition, for research that created a tiny particle she likened to a "Swiss army knife of cancer treatments" because of its precision in targeting cancer tumors.
    (AP, 12/6/11)
2011        Dec 5, Rachelle Grimmer (38), Texas woman who for months was unable to qualify for food stamps, pulled a gun in a state welfare office and staged a 7-hour standoff with police that ended with her shooting her two children before killing herself. The children, a 10-year-old boy and a 12-year-old girl, remained in critical condition. Both children died of their wounds.
    (AP, 12/6/11)(AP, 12/8/11)
2011        Dec 5, In southern Afghanistan a minibus full of civilians struck a roadside bomb, setting off an explosion that killed five passengers in Uruzgan province. Militants abducted 11 Afghan policemen during an ambush in Wardooj district of Badakhshan province. Two policemen were killed and four others wounded during the kidnapping. The 11 policemen were freed on Dec 16 and some two dozen suspected insurgents were arrested.
    (AP, 12/5/11)(AP, 12/17/11)
2011        Dec 5, Belgium’s King Albert II named Elio Di Rupo as the prime minister ending a record 541 days the country has gone without a government. Di Rupo will be the first French-speaking prime minister in nearly 40 years.
    (SFC, 12/6/11, p.A2)
2011        Dec 5, Brazilian police arrested a man suspected in the shooting deaths of eight men over the past two months. Ronis de Oliveira Bastos (22) was arrested on the outskirts of Sao Paulo while riding a bicycle and armed with a .38 caliber revolver.
    (AP, 12/7/11)
2011        Dec 5, In Cameroon 15 people were killed and 40 were seriously injured in a bus crash in the northwest.
    (AP, 12/5/11)
2011        Dec 5, In France Greenpeace activists broke into the Electricite de France’s Nogent-sur-Seine plant. EDF said 9 people were arrested.
    (SFC, 12/6/11, p.A2)
2011        Dec 5, France and Germany reached a compromise agreement to seek mandatory limits on budget deficits among debt-laden European governments.
    (SFC, 12/6/11, p.A9)
2011        Dec 5, In Bonn, Germany, a global conference on Afghanistan's future opened. It was overshadowed by the absence of key regional player Pakistan. The US and other nations vowed to keep supporting Afghanistan after most foreign forces leave the country in 2014.
    (AP, 12/5/11)
2011        Dec 5, WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange was granted permission to apply to England's highest court in his year-long battle to block his extradition to Sweden over rape and sexual assault allegations.
    (AFP, 12/5/11)
2011        Dec 5, Egyptian voters headed to the polls for two days of runoffs in the country's first parliamentary elections since Hosni Mubarak's ouster. Islamist parties have already captured an overwhelming majority of the votes in the first round.
    (AP, 12/5/11)
2011        Dec 5, Paris, France, launched an electric car sharing program with 250 vehicles. 3000 vehicles were planned for the program over the next two years.
    (SFC, 12/5/11, p.A3)
2011        Dec 5, The world court ruled that Greece was wrong to block Macedonia's bid to join NATO in 2008 because of a long-running dispute over the fledgling country's use of the name Macedonia.
    (AP, 12/5/11)
2011        Dec 5, In Iraq 5 bomb attacks targeting Shiite pilgrims south of Baghdad killed some 30 people and wounded nearly 100 others during Ashura, an important religious ritual for the Muslim sect.
    (AP, 12/5/11)(Econ, 1/21/12, p.52)
2011        Dec 5, Ireland’s Expenditure Minister Brendan Howlin announced $2.9 billion in spending cuts to help reduce the country’s debt. Budget cuts will close 31 police stations around the country.
    (SSFC, 12/11/11, p.A4)
2011        Dec 5, Kenya military jets bombed two al-Shabab camps in Somalia, killing an unknown number of militants. 5 al-Shabab fighters on a boat attacked a Kenyan naval vessel. The navy sunk the attacking boat. A roadside bomb exploded in Kenya’s largest refugee camp near the border with Somalia, killing one police officer and wounding three.
    (AP, 12/5/11)(AP, 12/6/11)
2011        Dec 5, Mauritanian police said they have arrested two Western Saharan men suspected of kidnapping an Italian and two Spanish aid workers in Algeria on October 23.
    (AFP, 12/5/11)
2011        Dec 5, In the Philippines several armed men abducted Warren Rodwell (53) of Australia from his home in the seaside town of Ipil on Mindanao island, then fled on speed boats. The kidnappers mailed four pictures of Rodwell before Christmas to his Filipino wife then called her to demand an initial ransom of $23,000 (1 million pesos). The ransom was soon raised to $2 million. Rodwell was released on March 23, 2013. On May 15, 2015, Jun Malban, a former Philippine policeman and cousin of one of the nation's top Islamic militants, was deported from Malaysia back to the Philippines for his role in the abduction.
    (AFP, 12/5/11)(AP, 1/1/12)(AP, 1/5/12)(SSFC, 2/24/13, p.A3)(AFP, 5/18/15)
2011        Dec 5, In Russia PM Vladimir Putin's party saw its majority in parliament weaken sharply, according to preliminary election results. International observers pointed to procedural violations and serious indications of ballot stuffing after a campaign slanted in favor of United Russia. Only seven parties were allowed to field candidates for parliament this year, while the most vocal opposition groups were barred from the race.
    (AP, 12/5/11)
2011        Dec 5, Scottish artist Martin Boyce (44), whose works include a modernist reworking of a library table and artificial trees, won Britain's Turner Prize at a ceremony in Gateshead, north-east England.
    (AFP, 12/5/11)
2011        Dec 5, In Slovenia preliminary results show Positive Slovenia, a center-left party, defeated the favored conservatives. The results also indicated that women won 28 of 90 seats, the most since the country gained independence from the former Yugoslavia in 1991.
    (AP, 12/5/11)
2011        Dec 5, Johannesburg police fired rubber bullets to break up a group of demonstrators gathered in front of the ruling ANC party headquarters to protest South Africa's alleged involvement in fraud in the November 28 election in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
    (AFP, 12/5/11)
2011        Dec 5, In South Africa Global Witness said it has left the Kimberley Process, accusing the international diamond regulatory group of refusing to address links between diamonds, violence and tyranny. The rights watchdog cited what it called failures in Ivory Coast, Venezuela and Zimbabwe.
    (AP, 12/5/11)
2011        Dec 5, In Syria 36 bodies were dumped in the streets of Homs. Syria agreed to allow Arab League observers but demanded that the Arab League scrap recent decisions taken against Damascus, including economic sanctions and suspending the country from the Arab League when a protocol allowing observers is signed.
    (AP, 12/5/11)(AP, 12/6/11)(SFC, 12/6/11, p.A5)(SFC, 12/7/11, p.A4)
2011        Dec 5, The UN Security Council toughened sanctions against Eritrea which neighboring governments accuse of plotting terrorist attacks and supporting Somali Islamist rebels.
    (AFP, 12/5/11)
2011        Dec 5, Vietnam officials said more than 100,000 people have been killed or injured by land mines or other abandoned explosives since the Vietnam War ended nearly 40 years ago, and clearing all of the country will take decades more. The United States used about 16 million tons of bombs and ammunition while allied with the former South Vietnam government.
    (AP, 12/5/11)
2011        Dec 5, In Yemen two women were killed and six people were wounded when Pres. Saleh's forces fired on a crowd of anti-regime protesters in Taez.
    (AFP, 12/6/11)

2011        Dec 6, US top FAA administrator Randy Babbitt (65) resigned following his weekend arrest in Virginia on charges of drunken driving.
    (SFC, 12/7/11, p.A10)
2011        Dec 6, The Occupy movement entered a new phase with a day of marches and rallies in over 20 cities nationwide. Oakland protesters reclaimed some foreclosed properties, shouted down foreclosure auctions, waved banners outside banks and held several marches and rallies.
    (SFC, 12/7/11, p.A1)
2011        Dec 6, SF BART officials said thefts of copper are impacting train traffic. Vallejo Public Works said thieves have stripped $200,000 worth of copper wiring from street lights and signalized intersections since May.
    (SFC, 12/7/11, p.A1)
2011        Dec 6, Facebook started making its Timeline feature available to the approximately two million Facebook users living in New Zealand. The new application takes everything you’ve ever done on Facebook and creates a digital scrapbook that is simultaneously eye-pleasing and addicting.
    (http://tinyurl.com/42y7nsq)
2011        Dec 6, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber struck a crowd of Shiite worshippers at a mosque in Kabul, killing at least 56 people in the deadliest of two attacks on a Shiite holy day. 4 other Shiites were killed in the northern city of Mazar-i-Sharif when a bomb strapped to a bicycle exploded as a convoy of Afghan Shiites was driving down the road. The Taliban strongly condemned the two attacks. Lashkar-e-Jhangvi, a Pakistan-based group, claimed responsibility for the bombing. The death toll in the attacks was soon raised to at least 80. On June 19, 2012, authorities in Kabul announced that two men have been charged in connection with the suicide bombing.
    (AP, 12/6/11)(AP, 12/7/11)(AP, 12/11/11)(AP, 6/19/12)
2011        Dec 6, Antigua-based LIAT airline said all of its pilots have called in sick, likely disrupting all flights. The pilots were protesting the firing of a captain for undisclosed reasons.
    (AP, 12/6/11)
2011        Dec 6, A Chinese court jailed Australian businessman Matthew Ng for 13 years on bribery and embezzlement charges. Ng, an executive working for travel services group Et-China in southern China, was arrested last November. Chinese media have said the case against Ng relates to his role in Et-China's battle with a Guangzhou government-owned travel company for control of domestic travel agency GZL.
    (AFP, 12/6/11)
2011        Dec 6, In Colombia Samuel Moreno (51), a former mayor of Bogota, was charged with receiving illegal kickbacks for public works contracts.
    (AP, 12/6/11)
2011        Dec 6, Tens of thousands marched across Colombia to repudiate last month's execution of soldiers and police by leftist rebels, who had held them for more than a decade as political bargaining chips.
    (AP, 12/6/11)
2011        Dec 6, Greek students hurled rocks and bottles during clashes with police at a rally to mark the third anniversary of the fatal police shooting of a teenager in central Athens.
    (AP, 12/6/11)
2011        Dec 6, Guyana police fired tear gas and rubber pellets to disperse about 500 protesters demanding an election recount, a day after the home of a ruling party politician was reportedly firebombed.
    (AP, 12/6/11)
2011        Dec 6, India’s police said Maoist rebels have raided police posts, engaged in shootouts and bombed government buildings and railway lines in eastern India in a two-day campaign of violence protesting their leader's killing on Nov 24.
    (AP, 12/6/11)
\2011        Dec 6, In Italy an emergency budget under new PM Mario Monti came into force.
    (Econ, 12/10/11, p.57)
2011        Dec 6, In Ivory Coast 3 journalists from a newspaper loyal to ousted president Laurent Gbagbo were released from jail after being acquitted on charges of insulting his successor. Cesar Etou, publication director at the daily Notre Voie, political service head Boga Sivori and chief editor Didier Depry, arrested  on November 24, were found not guilty.
    (AFP, 12/6/11)
2011        Dec 6, Japan's whaling fleet left port for the country's annual hunt in Antarctica.
    (AFP, 12/6/11)
2011        Dec 6, Tokyo Electric Power Co. (TEPCO) said it believes 150 liters (40 US gallons) of waste water including highly harmful strontium, linked with bone cancers, has spread to the open ocean. The announcement came a day after TEPCO said it found 45 tons of waste water pooled around the leaky water-treatment system at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant. In the weeks after the March 11 earthquake and tsunami hit the plant, TEPCO dumped 10,000 tons of lower-level radioactive water into the Pacific Ocean.
    (AFP, 12/6/11)
2011        Dec 6, Kuwait's ruler, Sheik Sabah Al Ahmad Al Sabah, dissolved parliament and set the Gulf nation toward elections, citing "deteriorating conditions" amid an increasingly bitter political showdown over alleged high-level corruption.
    (AP, 12/6/11)
2011        Dec 6, Kenya’s military reported a large battle over the weekend (Dec 3-4) in which it said 11 Somali government soldiers and more than 40 al-Shabab fighters were killed.
    (AP, 12/6/11)
2011        Dec 6, Libya's government gave its firm support to a 2-week deadline for militias to quit Tripoli, backing up a threat from the capital's council to lock down the city if they fail to do so.
    (AFP, 12/6/11)
2011        Dec 6, Human Rights Watch said in a report that between 20,000 and 40,000 children work in artisanal gold mines in Mali, Africa's third-largest producer of the precious metal.
    (AFP, 12/6/11)
2011        Dec 6, In Niger 2 days of clashes began between demonstrators and police leaving two people dead in Zinder where opposition politician Aboubacar Mahamadou was on trial for "preparing protest demonstrations" on November 28 against President Mahamadou Issoufou. Mahamadou was acquitted on Dec 7. Six top police chiefs were sacked in the wake of clashes.
    (AFP, 12/10/11)
2011        Dec 6, A Nigerian court convicted a man accused of being one of several spokesmen for the Boko Haram radical Muslim sect, responsible for hundreds of killings this year. Ali Sanda Umar Konduga was sentenced to three years in prison.
    (AP, 12/6/11)
2011        Dec 6, In North Korea 6 American volunteers, affiliated with the Fuller Center for Housing, arrived to kick off a project to build 50 homes for families working at a tree farm outside Pyongyang.
    (AP, 12/6/11)
2011        Dec 6, Saudi Arabia sentenced an Australian man to 500 lashes and a year in jail after being found guilty of blasphemy. Reports said Mansor Almaribe (45) was detained in Medina on November 14 while making the hajj pilgrimage and accused of insulting companions of the prophet Mohammed. The father-of-five from Shepparton in Victoria state, who could not afford a lawyer, suffers from diabetes and heart disease.
    (AFP, 12/7/11)
2011        Dec 6, Somali police appeared to make a deadly error by returning a suspected suicide car bomber they had arrested to his bomb-laden vehicle, where the suspect then detonated a blast that killed four people.
    (AP, 12/6/11)
2011        Dec 6, The South African National Parks authority said rhino poaching has climbed to a record for a 2nd year. As many as 405 rhinos have been killed so far this year, 22% more than in 2010.
    (SFC, 12/7/11, p.A2)
2011        Dec 6, Syrian activists said a surge in violence in Homs has killed up to 50 people in the past 24 hours, leaving dozens of bodies in the streets.
    (AP, 12/6/11)
2011        Dec 6, Taiwan's state-owned CPC Corporation signed a 20-year contract with Qatar's RasGas to buy 1.5 million tons of liquefied natural gas a year.
    (AP, 12/6/11)
2011        Dec 6, In Tibet 12 people were killed and five were missing after their bus plunged into a river.
    (AP, 12/10/11)
2011        Dec 6, Animal Asia, an animal protection group, said 14 Asiatic black bears have been rescued from a bear bile farm in Vietnam after their owner decided to renounce the illegal trade.
    (AFP, 12/6/11)
2011        Dec 6, In Yemen a civilian was killed when a shell, fired by troops loyal to President Ali Abdullah Saleh, hit a bus in Taez.
    (AFP, 12/6/11)

2011        Dec 7, US Pres. Obama and Canada’s PM Stephen Harper announced a new bilateral accord, called Beyond the Border, regarding trade and shared border security.
    (Econ, 12/10/11, p.41)
2011        Dec 7, In San Francisco police cleared the Occupy SF encampment in an early morning raid. Demonstrators returned in the evening and clashed with police. A half dozen people were arrested, but police pulled back as demonstrators refused to leave Justin Herman Plaza.
    (SFC, 12/8/11, p.A1)
2011        Dec 7, In Illinois a federal judge sentenced impeached Illinois Gov. Rod Blagojevich to 14 years in prison, giving little weight to Blagojevich's first-ever apology this morning since his arrest three years ago.
    (AP, 12/8/11)
2011        Dec 7, In Nevada 5 people were killed when a helicopter flying tourists over the Hoover Dam crashed into a mountain range bordering Lake Mead.
    (SFC, 12/9/11, p.A11)
    (AP, 12/9/11)
2011        Dec 7, In Pennsylvania prosecutors abandoned their 30-year push for the execution of Mumia Abu-Jamal, a former Black Panther convicted in 1982 of killing police Officer Daniel Faulkner. Abu-Jamal (58) will spend the rest of his life in prison.
    (SFC, 12/8/11, p.A11)
2011        Dec 7, TV and film star Harry Morgan (b.1915 as Harry Bratsberg) died in Los Angeles. He had played Col. Sherman T. Potter in the sitcom MASH as well as Bill Gannon in Dragnet.
    (SFC, 12/8/11, p.A14)
2011        Dec 7, In southern Afghanistan a minibus struck a roadside bomb, triggering an explosion that killed 19 Afghan civilians in Helmand province.
    (AP, 12/7/11)
2011        Dec 7, In Argentina Czech national Karel Abelovsky (51) was nabbed for trying to board a transatlantic flight with 247 live animals including poisonous snakes and endangered reptiles packed in a bulging suitcase.
    (AFP, 12/26/11)
2011        Dec 7, Bahrain's Health Ministry said a woman (27), who was seriously hurt during a recent anti-government protest, has died of her injuries. Bahrain halted trial proceedings for over 100 athletes and dropped all charges related to their participation in street protests against the island's Sunni monarchy. It was unclear what will happen to athletes already convicted.
    (AP, 12/6/11)(AP, 12/8/11)
2011        Dec 7, The Brazilian government said it will invest more than $2 billion to curb the spread of crack cocaine.
    (AP, 12/7/11)
2011        Dec 7, Scotland Yard said Ilir Nazmi Kumbaro (58), a former Albanian intelligence chief, is on the run after failing to attend a Dec 1 extradition hearing in Britain over charges of torture and kidnap in his homeland.
    (AFP, 12/7/11)
2011        Dec 7, Cambodia opened the Kamchay dam, the country's largest hydropower dam to date. The $280 million dollar Chinese-funded project has destroyed hundreds of hectares of forest and farmland and attracted criticism from environmental groups.
    (AFP, 12/7/11)
2011        Dec 7, Chinese authorities said police last week had arrested 608 suspects and rescued 178 children in busts of two separate child trafficking networks.
    (AP, 12/7/11)
2011        Dec 7, China inserted itself into the fight over oil between Sudan and its former territory South Sudan, sending a special envoy to try to break a deadlock between two rivals who often appear on the brink of renewed conflict.
    (AP, 12/7/11)
2011        Dec 7, In Colombia a hillside loosened by heavy rains collapsed on a bus, killing five adults and a boy. Rains since Sept. 1 have caused at least 140 deaths.
    (AP, 12/8/11)
2011        Dec 7, In CongoDRC with 89.2% of precincts counted, Pres. Kabila had 8.3 million out of the 17.3 million votes, or 48%. Tshisekedi was trailing with 5.9 million votes, or 34%.
    (AP, 12/7/11)
2011        Dec 7, Egypt's military ruler swore-in a new government that he says will have more powers than its predecessor. Field Marshal Hussein Tantawi promised to transfer some of his ruling military council's executive powers to PM Kamal el-Ganzouri. The Freedom and Justice Party said in a statement that it won 36 of the 56 seats awarded to individual candidates in voting which concluded on Dec 6. A member of the junta said the army would have a final say over those appointed to write a new constitution next year.
    (AP, 12/7/11)(AFP, 12/8/11)
2011        Dec 7, India’s finance minister Pranab Mukherjee confirmed that retail reform to allow foreign supermarkets into India would be indefinitely suspended.
    (Econ, 12/10/11, p.47)
2011        Dec 7, Iran blocked an Internet website, http://iran.usembassy.gov/, the United States was touting as a "virtual embassy," and which senior MPs slammed as an attempt to deceive the Iranian people and divide them from the government.
    (AFP, 12/7/11)
2011        Dec 7, In Iraq a series of attacks mainly targeting security forces killed at least 5 people.
    (AP, 12/7/11)
2011        Dec 7, Israeli warplanes hit targets east of Gaza City, killing one militant and injuring another two, with the military saying they were planning to fire rockets across the border.
    (AFP, 12/8/11)
2011        Dec 7, Israel's official Holocaust memorial says it has received its largest private donation ever, a $25 million gift from US casino mogul Sheldon Adelson. He also owns a leading daily newspaper, Israel Hayom, which is distributed in Israel for free.
    (AP, 12/7/11)
2011        Dec 7, Italian police captured Michele Zagaria, one of the country’s most-wanted fugitive mobsters, arresting the last major boss of the Casalesi clan of the Neapolitan Camorra, one of Italy's bloodiest mafia clans.
    (AP, 12/7/11)
2011        Dec 7, Japan offered a "heartfelt apology" for the systematic mistreatment of Canadian prisoners during World War Two, helping to heal ties between the two nations.
    (Reuters, 12/8/11)
2011        Dec 7, The Kenyan parliament approved a plan for their troops in southern Somalia to join a 9,000 strong African Union force supporting the weak UN-backed government based in Mogadishu.
    (AP, 12/8/11)
2011        Dec 7, In Kenya hundreds of doctors from public medical facilities marched through Nairobi to demand a larger stock of drugs in their hospitals, better equipment and better pay.
    (AP, 12/7/11)
2011        Dec 7, In Mexico gunmen attacked an ambulance in the border city of Ciudad Juarez, killing the driver, two patients and a fourth person in the vehicle. Authorities reported six other slayings in addition to the ambulance attack.
    (AP, 12/8/11)
2011        Dec 7, In Nepal hundreds of Buddhists demonstrated in Katmandu to protest the appointment of Maoist party chief Pushpa Kamal Dahal to head a project to develop Lumbini, an area where Buddha was believed born.
    (AP, 12/7/11)
2011        Dec 7, In Nigeria a powerful explosion rocked the northern city of Kaduna, killing 7 people, wounding many others. A Red Cross report said two men on a motorbike had stopped in front of an auto parts shop in Kaduna just before the explosion went off. The police's anti-bomb squad had concluded that the blast was accidental.
    (AFP, 12/7/11)(AP, 12/8/11)
2011        Dec 7, The US government said it is giving Paraguay more than $1 million in equipment and training to help it combat a small guerrilla band in the north of the country.
    (AP, 12/7/11)
2011        Dec 7, Former Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev said Russian authorities should annul the results of the parliamentary vote and hold a new one, as popular indignation grew over widespread allegations of election fraud. Thousands of Russians have rallied in Moscow and St. Petersburg in the last two days, facing off against tens of thousands of police and Interior Ministry troops. Popular anger boiled over into a 3rd straight night of protests with scores arrested in Moscow and St. Petersburg.
    (AP, 12/7/11)(SFC, 12/8/11, p.A5)
2011        Dec 7, In South Africa an investigation commissioned by the government into the UN oil-for-food program in Iraq cleared Deputy President Kgalema Motlanthe of corruption. The probe was ordered in 2006 by then president Thabo Mbeki, into what has become known in the country as "Oilgate," to look at allegations of kickbacks sourced by senior members of the ruling party from the State Oil Marketing Organization of Iraq (SOMO). The UN oil-for-food program ran from 1996 until 2003.
    (AFP, 12/7/11)
2011        Dec 7, Sudan's ruling party approved a new coalition government, giving representation to 14 other parties but keeping the top cabinet posts.
    (AFP, 12/7/11)
2011        Dec 7, Syria’s Pres. Assad, speaking to veteran journalist Barbara Walters in a rare interview to foreign media, said he was not responsible for the bloodshed and drew a distinction between himself and individual members of the military. Assad dismissed the death toll, estimated by the UN at more than 4,000 people, saying: "Who said that the United Nations is a credible institution?"
    (AFP, 12/7/11)
2011        Dec 7, In Thailand Arisman Pongruangrong, a militant leader of Thailand's "Red Shirt" protest movement, surrendered to authorities on terrorism charges over his role in opposition rallies last year, after almost 20 months on the run.
    (AP, 12/7/11)
2011        Dec 7, Yemeni regime and opposition spokesmen accused each other's forces of shelling government and residential areas in the capital. The accusations come in advance of the expected declaration of a national unity government to take over from ministers allied with embattled President Ali Abdullah Saleh. Militants linked to al-Qaida attacked an army post in the south but were driven back, leaving nine of their dead behind. One soldier was also killed in the night firefight east of Zinjibar in Abyan province.
    (AP, 12/7/11)(AP, 12/8/11)

2011        Dec 8, In Washington DC former MF Global CEO Jon Corzine testified before the House Agricultural Committee about the bankruptcy of MF Global, which followed disastrous bets on European debt. Corzine said he did not know what happened to an estimated $1.2 billion that went missing and blamed his predecessors for the company’s precarious finances.
    (SFC, 12/9/11, p.A17)
2011        Dec 8, The Washington Post reported that the US Air Force dumped the cremated, partial remains of at least 274 troops in a landfill before halting the secretive practice in 2008.
    (AFP, 12/8/11)
2011        Dec 8, The US Environmental Protection Agency announced for the first time that fracking, a controversial method of improving the productivity of oil and gas wells, may be to blame for causing groundwater pollution. The EPA found that compounds likely associated with fracking chemicals had been detected in the groundwater beneath Pavillion, a small community in central Wyoming where residents say their well water reeks of chemicals.
    (AP, 12/8/11)
2011        Dec 8, The US Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry accepted local claims that there is a higher incidence of cancer and other health ills on Vieques island compared with neighboring Puerto Rico, but said there is no proof the problem is linked to US military activity. The bombing range closed in 2003 following years of protests about environmental risks and the 1999 killing of a Puerto Rican civilian guard by an errant bomb.
    (AP, 12/8/11)
2011        Dec 8, Researchers at the Univ. of Chicago reported experiments demonstrating that a rat would free a fellow rat trapped in a restrictive cage even without a payoff, indicating empathy and selfless behavior.
    (SFC, 12/9/11, p.A16)
2011        Dec 8, In Virginia Ross Truett Ashley (22) shot and killed police officer Derrick Crouse on Virginia Tech's campus during a routine traffic stop, putting the campus on lockdown for several hours. Ashley, who then took his own life, used a legally purchased handgun in the shooting.
    (AP, 12/8/11)(SFC, 12/14/11, p.A8)
2011        Dec 8, In Argentina Ali Miguel (80), his wife, Sara Garcia (83), their daughter Monica Miguel (49) and Miguel's son (10) were found dead with multiple stab wounds in their house in Mendoza province. A 13-year-old neighbor claimed he killed the 10-year-old in self-defense because the younger boy attacked him after killing his own mother and grandparents. Authorities said the adolescent may have killed the entire family.
    (AP, 12/9/11)
2011        Dec 8, Britain’s Defense Secretary Philip Hammond announced that women will be allowed to serve on British navy submarines, with female officers taking up roles from late 2013.
    (AFP, 12/8/11)
2011        Dec 8, British ministers ordered an urgent inquiry into England's exam system, after undercover reporters recorded examiners advising teachers on what questions were likely to come up.
    (AFP, 12/8/11)
2011        Dec 8, In the Dominican Rep. hundreds of people protested in front of the Supreme Court against what they say is a government practice of confiscating or annulling birth certificates for residents of Haitian descent.
    (AP, 12/9/11)
2011        Dec 8, Egypt's biggest political group the Muslim Brotherhood clashed with the country's army leaders on Thursday, accusing them of trying to "marginalize" parliament over the writing of a new constitution.
    (AFP, 12/8/11)
2011        Dec 8, In El Salvador Hector Silva (64), a Boston-born Salvadoran physician, died of a heart attack.  He had helped the Central American nation recover from its 12-year civil war. In 1997 he became the first leftist mayor of the capital following the civil war, earning a reputation for moderation during six years in office.
    (AP, 12/9/11)
2011        Dec 8, The European Central Bank (ECB) lowered its benchmark rate from 1.25 to 1 percent, the second quarter point cut in as many months.
    (Econ, 12/17/11, p.127)
2011        Dec 8, A German man (27) was arrested by a police special-ops team in the western city of Bochum on charges he was part of an al-Qaida bomb plot in Europe. Suspect Halil S. is accused of being part of the so-called "Duesseldorf Cell." The group was allegedly plotting the bombing before its three main members were swept up by police in April. Another suspect, identified only as Florian M., was arrested in Kiel on charges of involvement with Halil S.'s criminal activities.
    (AP, 12/8/11)
2011        Dec 8, German authorities said a letter bomb has been intercepted by Deutsche Bank employees intended to chief executive Josef Ackerman. They it was apparently sent by an Italian anarchist organization.
    (SFC, 12/9/11, p.A4)
2011        Dec 8, The Honduran Congress passed bills allowing authorities to wiretap the telephone conversations, emails and bank accounts of suspected criminals and banning motorcycles from carrying passengers for 6 months. The bills were aimed at stemming a wave of drug violence. President Porfirio Lobo was expected to sign both bills.
    (AP, 12/9/11)
2011        Dec 8, An Israeli strike killed 2 Gaza militants. Israel said one of them, Issam al-Batsh, had planned a deadly bombing in Eilat in 2007. The Israeli military said the two men had also been planning another attack on southern Israel by infiltrating from the Sinai peninsula.
    (AFP, 12/8/11)
2011        Dec 8, Ivory Coast officials said 5 people have died since the start of the campaign for legislative elections, warning against a repeat of the poll that tore the country apart last year.
    (AFP, 12/8/11)
2011        Dec 8, The World Bank said high food and fuel prices, the Horn of Africa drought and the euro crisis will dampen Kenya's economic growth in 2011, and possibly into 2012.
    (AFP, 12/8/11)
2011        Dec 8, Liberia and Senegal pledged to reform their laws so that women can confer citizenship on their children. They were among at least 30 countries that let only fathers pass their citizenship to children from marriages with a foreigner.
    (AP, 12/8/11)
2011        Dec 8, In Mali 4 people were arrested over the Nov 24 kidnapping of two French citizens. The suspects were reportedly "subcontracted" to an al-Qaida group and appear to be Malian.
    (AP, 12/12/11)(AFP, 12/12/11)
2011        Dec 8, Mexican authorities say they have seized 226 tons (205 metric tons) of a chemical used in synthetic drugs. The methylamine was found over several days this month in the port of Lazaro Cardenas in 11 containers shipped from China.
    (AP, 12/8/11)
2011        Dec 8, NATO informed Iraq that it will withdraw its training mission at year-end after Baghdad refused to grant it legal immunity, mirroring the nearly-complete pullout of US forces.
    (AFP, 12/11/11)
2011        Dec 8, In Pakistan assailants torched more than 20 tankers carrying fuel for US and NATO troops in neighboring Afghanistan, in the first reported attack since Islamabad closed the border to protest coalition airstrikes that killed 24 Pakistani troops last month.
    (AP, 12/8/11)
2011        Dec 8, In Somalia planes bombed bases belonging to al-Qaida-linked al-Shabab militants in the southern town of Bardhere, killing at least 1 person.
    (AP, 12/8/11)
2011        Dec 8, Syrian activists launched a campaign of civil disobedience to pile pressure on President Bashar al-Assad, after he drew a stinging rebuke from the US for denying he ordered a deadly crackdown. A major Syrian pipeline carrying oil to a refinery in the restive Homs province was blown up. Security forces reportedly killed up to 14 people, most of them in Homs.
    (AFP, 12/8/11)(AP, 12/8/11)(SFC, 12/9/11, p.A6)
2011        Dec 8, In Thailand Joe Gordon, an American who translated a banned biography of Thailand's king and posted the content online while living in Colorado, was sentenced to two and a half years in a Thai prison for defaming the country's royal family. On July 10, 2012, Gordon (55) was granted a royal pardon.
    (AP, 12/8/11)(AFP, 7/11/12)
2011        Dec 8, Togo authorities temporarily shut down the country's two public universities after security forces fired teargas to break up student protests over a new financial aid policy. The government last month introduced a new policy awarding payouts only to brilliant students instead of all scholars as was in the past.
    (AFP, 12/9/11)
2011        Dec 8, Kiev's Shevchenkivsky Court ordered former PM Ukraine Yulia Tymoshenko arrested as part of a probe into the activity of an energy company she headed 15 years ago.
    (AP, 12/9/11)
2011        Dec 8, The UN's World Food Program said meager rains and diminished harvests have left between five and seven million people in Africa's Sahel region facing food shortages. The countries of Niger, Mauritania, Mali and Chad were worst hit.
    (AFP, 12/9/11)
2011        Dec 8, Yemeni tribesmen killed two suspected Al-Qaeda militants as they tried to infiltrate Mudi in southern Abyan province.
    (AFP, 12/9/11)

2011        Dec 9, The US Justice Dept. and the SEC announced a $148 million settlement with Wachovia Bank, now owned by Walls Fargo, for engaging in bid-rigging and kickback schemes relating to municipal bond contracts.
    (SSFC, 12/11/11, p.D1)
2011        Dec 9, In California Tyler Brehm (26) was shot and killed in Los Angeles after he walked down the middle of Sunset Boulevard firing on motorists. Music executive John Atterberry (40) died on Dec 12 from wounds suffered in Brehm’s shooting.
    (SSFC, 12/11/11, p.A11)(SFC, 12/13/11, p.A11)
2011        Dec 9, Payroll figures and names released for the first time by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey show 66 police officers have made more than $200,000 so far in 2011, thanks to overtime that in many cases has doubled their salaries.
    (AP, 12/9/11)
2011        Dec 9, In Maryland former Prince George’s County councilwoman Leslie Johnson was sentenced to a year in prison for obstructing an investigation into her husband’s corruption. Former County Executive Jack Johnson got over 7 years in prison this week for extorting hundreds of thousands in bribes from developers.
    (SFC, 12/10/11, p.A6)
2011        Dec 9, In eastern Afghanistan a suicide bomber attacked a mosque, assassinating a district police chief and killing at least five other people in Kunar province.
    (AFP, 12/9/11)
2011        Dec 9, Australia's highest court dismissed rival Apple's appeal in its global patent battle against South Korea’s Samsung Electronics. Samsung is now free to sell its Galaxy tablet computers in Australia.
    (AP, 12/9/11)
2011        Dec 9, In Australia a senior Queensland Health executive, Hohepa Morehu-Barlow (36), also known as Joel Barlow, was being hunted after Aus$16 million (US$16 million) went missing from the government department. He was arrested at his own apartment Dec 12 after three days on the run from police following the discovery of his alleged theft.
    (AFP, 12/9/11)(AP, 12/13/11)
2011        Dec 9, Bahraini security forces fired tear gas, rubber bullets and stun grenades to disperse hundreds of demonstrators in a Shiite neighborhood of the capital Manama.
    (AFP, 12/9/11)
2011        Dec 9, In China two exchange students accepted the Confucius Peace Prize on behalf of Russian PM Vladimir Putin, who was honored for enhancing Russia's status and crushing anti-government forces in Chechnya.
    (AP, 12/9/11)
2011        Dec 9, In northeastern China two tourists from Hong Kong were killed and 36 others were hurt when their bus overturned after colliding with a farm vehicle in Jilin province.
    (AP, 12/10/11)
2011        Dec 9, In CongoDRC provisional results published by the election commission handed victory to Pres. Joseph Kabila who won another term with 49% of the 18.14 million votes cast. Etienne Tshisekedi (78) took to the airwaves to say he rejected the results and proclaimed himself president, saying the election had been manipulated.
    (AP, 12/9/11)(AP, 12/10/11)
2011        Dec 9, Croatia signed a treaty to join the EU in 2013, a bittersweet milestone as the bloc prepares to take on board a sluggish economy it will have to drag along at the time of its worst crisis ever.
    (AP, 12/9/11)
2011        Dec 9, The EU said that 26 of its 27 member countries are open to joining a new treaty tying their finances together to solve the euro crisis. Only Britain remained opposed, creating a deep rift in the union. Britain's leaders argued that the revised treaty would threaten their national sovereignty and damage London's financial services industry.
    (AP, 12/9/11)
2011        Dec 9, EU president Herman Van Rompuy said Serbia's bid to be granted the status of candidate for membership in the bloc will be postponed until March.
    (AP, 12/9/11)
2011        Dec 9, Germany, the United States and nine other nations signed an agreement that expands access to the International Tracing Service (ITS),  a unique Holocaust-era archive.
    (AP, 12/9/11)
2011        Dec 9, In India at least 89 people were killed when a fire engulfed patients at the AMRI Hospital in the city of Kolkata. Police arrested 6 hospital officials on charges of culpable homicide.
    (AFP, 12/9/11)(AP, 12/9/11)(SFC, 12/10/11, p.A5)
2011        Dec 9, An Israeli airstrike against a Hamas target in Gaza killed a Palestinian civilian and his son (12). Palestinian Mustafa Abelrazek al-Tamimi (28) was critically wounded when he was hit in the face by a tear gas canister fired by Israeli troops at a rally in the West Bank. Tamimi had been throwing stones and died of his injuries the next day. Gaza militants fired twelve rockets at Israel.
    (AP, 12/9/11)(AFP, 12/9/11)(AP, 12/10/11)(AFP, 12/10/11)
2011        Dec 9, In Italy a letter bomb exploded at an office of the tax collection agency, Equitalia, slightly wounding the organization's director. The Italian group, known as the "Informal Anarchist Federation" claimed responsibility for package bombs sent to three Rome embassies around Christmas last year. A week later another bomb was intercepted at Equitalia.
    (AP, 12/9/11)(Econ, 1/7/12, p.45)
2011        Dec 9, Jamaican authorities said 217 of 362 police officers, who took voluntary lie-detector tests this year, failed. Officials denied re-enlistment to 62 officers this year. An additional 34 have been charged with corruption and seven dismissed for failing the test.
    (AP, 12/9/11)
2011        Dec 9, In Japan Defense Minister Yasuo Ichikawa and Kenji Yamaoka, the minister for consumer affairs were censured. Ichikawa was slapped down for a series of gaffes that riled the people of Okinawa, reluctant hosts to a large US military presence. Yamaoka was admonished for alleged ties with shady business groups. The main opposition Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) has threatened to boycott parliament from January if the pair stay in place.
    (AFP, 12/9/11)
2011        Dec 9, Japanese workers discovered a nuclear plant leak. 1.8 ton of radioactive water leaked from the cooling system at the idled reactor at the Genkai nuclear plant in Saga prefecture in the southern Kyushu region. The leak was contained within the system.
    (AFP, 12/10/11)
2011        Dec 9, In Lebanon a roadside bomb struck a vehicle carrying UN peacekeepers in the south, wounding five French soldiers and a Lebanese bystander.
    (AP, 12/9/11)
2011        Dec 9, Mexico's navy said the first woman has joined the ranks of its special forces.
    (AP, 12/9/11)
2011        Dec 9, The Mexican army found a 50-yard (meter) long tunnel starting under a building in the northern city of Nogales, which is across the border from Nogales, Arizona.
    (AP, 12/11/11)
2011        Dec 9, Puerto Rico’s most wanted criminal, Miguel Diaz Rivera (39), was arrested in the Dominican capital of Santo Domingo. He is accused of running a drug trafficking network in at least five Puerto Rican cities.
    (AP, 12/10/11)
2011        Dec 9, In Sri Lanka political activists Lalith Kumar Weeraraj and Kugan Murugananthan went missing after they were intercepted by men on motorcycles in Jaffna.
    (Econ, 1/14/12, p.41)
2011        Dec 9, Syrian forces killed 41 people, including 7 children, as they fired on anti-government demonstrations across the country. The opposition warned the regime was planning a "massacre" in Homs which has been ringed by troops for more than two months.
    (AP, 12/9/11)(AFP, 12/10/11)
2011        Dec 9, In Thailand some 100 supporters of a grandfather jailed for 20 years in Thailand for insulting the king held a rare public protest against the kingdom's strict lese majeste laws in the capital Bangkok. Ampon Tangnoppakul (61) was last month found guilty of four counts of offending the royals in text messages last year. Article 112 of the criminal code contains the rules protecting the royals.
    (AFP, 12/9/11)
2011        Dec 9, UN chief Ban Ki-moon urged Somalia's Al Qaeda-linked insurgents to end violence during a surprise visit to war-torn Mogadishu.
    (AFP, 12/9/11)
2011        Dec 9, In Venezuela officials said floods and mudslides unleashed by torrential rains have caused at least eight deaths. Neighboring Colombia has also been coping with floods and President Juan Manuel Santos, touring flooded areas south of Bogota, promised assistance to those whose houses have been damaged.
    (AP, 12/9/11)
2011        Dec 9, In Yemen tens of thousands of people took to the streets across the country demanding that outgoing President Ali Abdullah Saleh be put on trial. A prison riot in Sanaa left two inmates dead and three guards injured.
    (AP, 12/9/11)

2011        Dec 10, In Massachusetts police swept through Dewey Square tearing down tents of the Occupy Boston encampment and arrested dozens of protesters.
    (SSFC, 12/11/11, p.A11)
2011        Dec 10, In Missouri Marvin Rice (44), a former rural sheriff's deputy, was suspected of killing his ex-wife and her new boyfriend before leading officers on a high-speed chase that ended with a shootout at an upscale hotel hosting a Christmas party for hundreds of doctors, nurses and their families. Rice was in fair condition at a Columbia hospital after being wounded in the shootout.
    (AP, 12/11/11)
2011        Dec 10, In Afghanistan a bicycle bomb killed at least two people, including a member of the peace council, and left 16 wounded when it exploded in Kunduz city. 3 people were killed in Kandahar province when their vehicle hit a roadside bomb.
    (AFP, 12/10/11)
2011        Dec 10, Benin's justice minister denounced the country's judiciary as one of the most corrupt sectors in the country.
    (AFP, 12/10/11)
2011        Dec 10, British police said the final number of victims of phone hacking by Rupert Murdoch's News of the World will be around 800 people, far fewer than originally thought.
    (AFP, 12/10/11)
2011        Dec 10, Police in London arrested 143 people during an angry demonstration by up to 500 people against the re-election of President Joseph Kabila in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
    (AFP, 12/10/11)
2011        Dec 10, Bob Diamond, the chief executive of Barclays bank, described in a published interview how he has introduced a "no jerks rule" to weed out bankers he considers too greedy or ostentatious. He also said pay for investment bankers at Barclays will be lower this year but the actual level has yet to be set.
    (AFP, 12/10/11)(Reuters, 12/10/11)
2011        Dec 10, It was reported that British researchers have successfully treated 6 patients suffering from the blood clotting disease known as hemophilia B, by injecting them with the correct form of the defective gene, Factor IX.
    (SSFC, 12/11/11, p.A5)
2011        Dec 10, In China 9 people were killed and seven seriously injured in the far west region of Xinjiang when a long-distance bus collided with a heavy-duty truck.
    (AP, 12/10/11)
2011        Dec 10, CongoDRC police in Kinshasa prowled opposition neighborhoods rounding up young men, who were seen being dragged out of their homes and shoved into waiting cars. Congo's police chief said at least four people have been killed in the recent postelection violence. Observers with the Atlanta-based Carter Center said that there is growing evidence of possible vote suppression in parts of the country favorable to the opposition, and vote inflation in regions known to support Kabila.
    (AP, 12/10/11)
2011        Dec 10, In Germany a man dressed as Santa drugged a girl (15) at a Berlin Christmas market. 9 other people at various Berlin Christmas markets have fallen prey to similar attack.
    (AP, 12/12/11)
2011        Dec 10, Indonesian police in Aceh, the country's most conservative province, raided a punk-rock concert and detained 65 fans, buzzing off their spiky mohawks and stripping away body piercings because of the perceived threat to Islamic values.
    (AP, 12/14/11)
2011        Dec 10, In Iraq a spate of gun and bomb attacks across northern and central Iraq killed seven people and left four others wounded.
    (AFP, 12/10/11)
2011        Dec 10, Israeli warplanes attacked Gaza and militants fired four rockets at southern Israel in return.
    (AP, 12/10/11)
2011        Dec 10, In Libya the army chief of staff, Gen. Khalifa Hifter, was in a convoy traveling from his home in Tripoli to the military headquarters when a group of armed men at a fake checkpoint tried to stop them. Soldiers arrested two gunmen. Fighters from the western mountain town of Zintan, who control Tripoli's international airport, opened fire on two occasions on the convoy of Gen. Khalifa Hifter. The Zintan fighters blamed the violence on the army's failure to notify them that the general was coming.
    (AP, 12/10/11)(AP, 12/11/11)
2011        Dec 10, In Mexico armed men holed up in a building in the city of Valle Hermoso opened fire on the troops. The army patrol later seized the building, finding 11 dead gunmen and 73 rifles inside. Two suspects were arrested.
    (AP, 12/12/11)
2011        Dec 10, In Mexico a magnitude-6.5 earthquake struck western Guerrero state, shaking buildings and causing panic in the nation's capital and the Pacific resort of Acapulco. Officials said at least three people died.
    (AP, 12/11/11)
2011        Dec 10, In central Nigeria 3 bomb attacks, blamed on the feared Boko Haram radical sect, killed one person and wounded 11 others in Jos.
    (AP, 12/11/11)
2011        Dec 10, The deputy chief of the Pakistani Taliban announced that the militant group was in peace talks with the government and an agreement to end its brutal four-year insurgency was within striking distance.
    (AP, 12/10/11)
2011        Dec 10,  In central Pakistan at least 13 people, including three children, were killed and another 15 injured when a road collision led to a gas cylinder explosion.
    (AFP, 12/10/11)
2011        Dec 10, In the Philippines a four-seater cargo plane crashed onto a crowded Manila slum, sparking a fire that killed 13 people and left five missing and at least another 20 injured.
    (AFP, 12/10/11)
2011        Dec 10, Tens of thousands of Muscovites thronged to a square across the river from the Kremlin to protest alleged electoral fraud and urge an end to PM Vladimir Putin's rule, demands repeated at other rallies across this vast country in the largest public show of discontent in post-Soviet Russia.
    (AP, 12/10/11)
2011        Dec 10, Saudi Arabia’s Okaz newspaper reported that a man convicted of raping his daughter has been sentenced to receive 2,080 lashes over the course of a 13-year prison term. A court in Mecca found the man guilty of raping his teenage daughter for seven years while under the influence of drugs.
    (AP, 12/10/11)
2011        Dec 10, In South Africa a day after their scheduled close, UN climate talks fought against despondency as 194 countries grappled for a deal to tame greenhouse gases. Research presented at Durban said the world is on track for a 3.5 C (6.3 F) rise, a likely recipe for droughts, floods, storms and rising sea levels that will threaten tens of millions.
    (AFP, 12/10/11)
2011        Dec 10, South Africa's ruling African National Congress offered to help President Robert Mugabe's ruling ZANU-PF win the next elections in neighboring Zimbabwe.
    (AFP, 12/11/11)
2011        Dec 10, In central South Africa the driver of an overloaded van lost control, veered into the oncoming lane and collided with a truck, leaving 30 people dead.
    (AP, 12/10/11)
2011        Dec 10, Syrian activists said 9 civilians were killed by the security forces in the flashpoint regions of Homs, Daraa and Idlib. World powers piled pressure on Syria to allow observers to monitor spiraling deadly violence as activists condemned rights violations on this anniversary of International Human Rights Day.
    (AFP, 12/10/11)
2011        Dec 10, Tunisia's constituent assembly adopted a provisional constitution that will allow the north African country to name a government, a month and a half after its first post-revolution election.
    (AFP, 12/10/11)
2011        Dec 10, Yemen's national unity government, led by the opposition, was sworn in to lead a three-month transition period until early elections are held and President Ali Abdullah Saleh formally steps down. The new 34-member cabinet, headed by PM Mohammed Basindawa, will carry out its duties until February elections. Then Vice President Abdrabuh Mansur Hadi will take over the presidency for an interim two-year period. Thousands of protesters marched in Taez, demanding Saleh be tried. al-Qaida-linked militants attacked a military barracks in Zinjibar overnight, leaving two soldiers and 11 militants dead.
    (AFP, 12/10/11)(AP, 12/10/11)

2011        Dec 11, San Francisco police cleared the city’s last remaining Occupy protest camp arrested 55 people in front of the Federal Reserve Bank at 101 Market St.
    (SFC, 12/12/11, p.C2)
2011        Dec 11, Christopher Artes (25) and Medeana Hendershot (22), were found dead under a mound of coal at a Florida power plant. The young couple shared a passion for illegally hopping freight trains and traveling the country without a set plan.
    (AP, 12/16/11)
2011        Dec 11, Afghan President Hamid Karzai said foreigners are fueling the problem of corruption by, for example, awarding contracts to high ranking government officials.
    (AFP, 12/11/11)
2011        Dec 11, Police in Brazil's southeastern Sao Paulo state said they are investigating the theft of 50 metric tons (55 US tons) of corn from a moving train.
    (AP, 12/11/11)
2011        Dec 11, In China Xue Jinbo (42) died after two days in police custody. He had led protests in the fishing village of Wukan in opposition to government land confiscations and was arrested on Dec 9.
    (SFC, 12/16/11, p.A13)
2011        Dec 11, Former French PM Dominique de Villepin, who gained international renown as France's spokesman against the war in Iraq, announced he'll run as an independent.
    (AP, 12/12/11)
2011        Dec 11, In India Anna Hazare held a seven-hour fast to demand sweeping legislation to end India's culture of corruption, in which bribes are paid for everything from health care to marriage certificates.
    (AP, 12/11/11)
2011        Dec 11, In Iran a blast caused by leftover ammunition killed at least seven workers including foreign nationals at a steel mill in the central city of Yazd.
    (AP, 12/12/11)
2011        Dec 11, The Israeli Cabinet voted unanimously to finance a $160 million program to stanch the flow of illegal African migrants by stepping up construction of a border fence and expanding a detention center. Several thousand Bedouin demonstrated outside Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu's office, protesting over a plan they say will displace tens of thousands of people from their land.
    (AP, 12/11/11)(AFP, 12/11/11)
2011        Dec 11, Ivory Coast held parliamentary elections. The 2nd national poll in 11 years drew little voter interest. The opposition party of former strongman Laurent Gbagbo, which had called for a boycott of the poll, estimated that as few as 10 percent of voters participated. Officials results published by the Independent Electoral Commission on March 8, 2012, said Ouattara's Rally of Republicans (RDR) party won 138 of the parliament's 253 seats on 54.54% of the vote.
    (AP, 12/11/11)(AFP, 3/8/12)
2011        Dec 11, In Indian Kashmir a policeman was killed and a civilian injured when suspected Muslim militants opened fire. The region's senior minister escaped unhurt in the attack.
    (AFP, 12/11/11)
2011        Dec 11, In northern Kenya twin blasts killed one police officer and wounded nine soldiers, in the latest in a string of attacks since Kenyan troops crossed the border into Somalia two months ago.
    (AP, 12/11/11)
2011        Dec 11, In Mexico unidentified assailants tossed a bomb into a building in Veracruz where a cockfight was being held. One man was killed and nine others slightly wounded.
    (AP, 12/13/11)
2011        Dec 11, Pakistan’s PM Yousuf Raza Gilani said President Asif Ali Zardari will likely need two weeks to rest in Dubai following medical treatment there before he returns home. Zardari flew to Dubai last week for treatment related to a heart condition.
    (AP, 12/12/11)
2011        Dec 11, A Pakistani Taliban spokesman denied an earlier announcement by the militant group's deputy chief that it was holding peace talks with the government. Prominent al-Qaida and Afghan Taliban fighters asked Pakistani militants to set aside their differences and step up support for the battle against US-led forces in Afghanistan: "For God's sake, forget all your differences and give us fighters to boost the battle against America in Afghanistan," senior al-Qaida commander Abu Yahya al-Libi told Pakistani fighters in South Waziristan. An earlier meeting was held on November 27 in North Waziristan.
    (AP, 12/11/11)(AP, 1/2/12)
2011        Dec 11, In Pakistan the US vacated Shamsi airbase following a deadline given by Islamabad in the wake of anger over NATO air strikes last month that killed 24 soldiers. US officials and intelligence analysts have said the covert drone war would not be affected by the closure of the base as Washington could fly Predator and Reaper drones out of air fields in neighboring Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 12/11/11)
2011        Dec 11, A Palestinian father and his daughter were wounded in an Israeli air strike on Gaza City.
    (AFP, 12/11/11)
2011        Dec 11, Ex-Panama dictator Noriega was flown home for new punishment after 22 years in US, French jails.
    (AP, 12/11/11)
2011        Dec 11, Peruvian President Ollanta Humala replaced more than half his Cabinet, a day after accepting its chief minister's resignation in a move widely interpreted as signaling less tolerance for social protests.
    (AP, 12/11/11)
2011        Dec 11, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev posted a comment on his Facebook page saying he has ordered a probe into the allegations of electoral fraud during the Dec. 4 parliamentary vote.
    (AP, 12/11/11)
2011        Dec 11, In South Africa a UN climate conference reached a hard-fought agreement on a far-reaching program meant to set a new course for the global fight against climate change. The 194-party conference agreed to start negotiations on a new accord that would ensure that countries will be legally bound to carry out any pledges they make. It would take effect by 2020 at the latest. The conference also agreed on a Green Climate Fund, which would funnel some of the $110 billion, promised by rich countries to poor ones, to help them cut emissions and adopt to climate change.
    (AP, 12/11/11)(Econ, 12/17/11, p.140)
2011        Dec 11, In South Sudan suspected rebels under the command of renegade general George Athor attacked Atar town, in Pigi county, killing 9 people, while another raid cost the lives of two people in Kapat, near the state capital Bor.
    (AFP, 12/12/11)
2011        Dec 11, Syrian troops battled army defectors in clashes that set several military vehicles ablaze. Opposition activists called for a general strike starting today in a bid to squeeze the government and push it to stop its bloody crackdown. About a dozen Syrians attacked their embassy in Jordan’s capital, Amman, injuring at least two diplomats and four other consulate employees. As many as 23 people were killed as government forces clashed with armed insurgents and protesters.
    (AP, 12/11/11)(SFC, 12/12/11, p.A2)
2011        Dec 11, Hundreds of thousands of Yemenis demonstrated to demand President Ali Abdullah Saleh face trial for his regime's deadly crackdown on months of protests.
    (AP, 12/11/11)
2011        Dec 11, In Taiwan almost a thousand protesters took to the streets of Taipei demanding that the government make a weekly day off a legal right for Taiwan's 200,000 foreign live-in caregivers.
    (AP, 12/11/11)

2011        Dec 12, In Oakland, Ca., some 3,000 Occupy protesters shut down the Port of Oakland for the evening shift.
    (SFC, 12/13/11, p.A1)
2011        Dec 12, The Illinois House approved a package of tax relief for families and businesses, including big names like Sears and the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, that threatened to leave the state. When fully phased in the cuts will cost state government some $320 million per year.
    (SFC, 12/13/11, p.A11)
2011        Dec 12, In Utah some 4000-5000 migratory birds, eared grebes, were killed or injured after apparently mistaking a Wal-Mart parking lot, football fields and other snow-covered areas of southern Utah for bodies of water and plummeting to the ground in what one state wildlife expert called the worst mass bird crash she'd ever seen. A high-profile crash in Arkansas in January killed about 4,500 birds, mainly red-winged blackbirds.
    (AP, 12/14/11)
2011        Dec 12, In Washington state 2 reconnaissance helicopters crashed during training near Tacoma killing all 4 people on board.
    (SFC, 12/14/11, p.A8)
2011        Dec 12, Senior Australian naval officer Lieutenant Commander John Alan Jones (58) was convicted by a court martial of repeatedly spanking a junior female sailor to test her discipline and obedience.
    (AFP, 12/13/11)
2011        Dec 12, Canada became the first country to declare it was formally exiting the Kyoto protocol, a reversal that will save it billions of dollars in fines. Canada had agreed under the Kyoto Protocol to reduce CO2 emissions to 6.0 percent below 1990 levels by 2012, but its emissions of the gasses blamed for damaging Earth's fragile climate system have instead increased sharply.
    (AFP, 12/13/11)
2011        Dec 12, China executed Janice Linden (35), a South African woman, by lethal injection for drug smuggling after rejecting last-minute pleas for clemency from her government. She was convicted of trying to sneak three kg (6.6 pounds) of methamphetamine into the country in her luggage through the southern city of Guangzhou in 2008. Amnesty International says China executes more people every year than the rest of the world combined.
    (AFP, 12/12/11)
2011        Dec 12, In eastern China a school bus taking primary students home slipped off a country road into an irrigation ditch, killing 15 children in Jiangsu province.
    (AP, 12/13/11)
2011        Dec 12, A Chinese captain stabbed two South Korean coast guard officers, killing one, after his fishing boat was stopped for illegally fishing in South Korean waters.
    (AP, 12/12/11)
2011        Dec 12, Colombia extradited Ramon Quintero, a top Norte del Valle cartel trafficker, to the United States. His organization was accused of exporting more than 50 metric tons of cocaine a year to the US and Europe.
    (AP, 12/12/11)
2011        Dec 12, International Criminal Court (ICC) member states, meeting at The Hague, unanimously elected Fatou Bensouda of Gambia as the new chief prosecutor for the main genocide and war crimes tribunal.
    (AFP, 12/12/11)
2011        Dec 12, The world court (ICC) said it was referring Malawi to the UN Security Council over its refusal to arrest Sudan's Pres. Omar al-Bashir, wanted by the court for genocide, during his October visit for a meeting of the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA).
    (AFP, 12/12/11)
2011        Dec 12, The head of Iran's parliamentary national security committee said Iran will reverse-engineer the US drone it has in its possession, and is in the "final stages" of unlocking the aircraft's software secrets.
    (AFP, 12/12/11)
2011        Dec 12, The Efrat settlement mayor said Israel's government has approved 40 new houses to replace trailers at the West Bank settlement, drawing criticism from Palestinians. The trailers at the site, known as Givat Hadagan, were put up without authorization.
    (AP, 12/12/11)
2011        Dec 12, Dozens of Jewish settlers broke into an army base in the West Bank and lit fires, damaged vehicles and threw stones at a senior officer, just hours after another group took over an abandoned building in a closed military zone on the border with Jordan. The settlers were reportedly protesting the planned evacuations of unauthorized settlement outposts.
    (AP, 12/13/11)
2011        Dec 12, In Kenya an explosion wounded six people, including a high-ranking intelligence official, in the northern town of Wajir during celebrations of Kenya's Independence Day.
    (AP, 12/12/11)
2011        Dec 12, In Mexico 2 students were killed during a clash with state and federal police at a violent protest that blocked a major highway in Guerrero state. Protesting students had hijacked buses and set fire to a gasoline station before federal police fired tear gas at the protesters and then shots rang out. Some 300 students from the Ayotzinapa teachers college staged the protest seeking to persuade the state government "to meet their educational demands.
    (AP, 12/12/11)
2011        Dec 12, Mexican marines captured Raul Lucio Hernandez Lechuga, a founding member of the brutal Zetas drug cartel, in the city of Cordoba, Veracruz state.
    (AP, 12/12/11)
2011        Dec 12, Veteran PNG leader Sir Michael Somare (75) was reinstated as Papua New Guinea's prime minister when the Supreme Court ruled the election of Peter O'Neill was unconstitutional.
    (AFP, 12/12/11)
2011        Dec 12, In the Philippines the House of Representatives impeached chief justice Renato Corona over charges his 15-member court had made a series of rulings that hindered government moves to prosecute ex-leader Gloria Arroyo. The proceedings will move to the Senate, where a trial will determine if Corona must step down.
    (AFP, 12/12/11)
2011        Dec 12, Mikhail Prokhorov (46), one of Russia's richest tycoons and the owner of the New Jersey Nets basketball team, said he will run against PM Vladimir Putin in the March presidential election. Prokhorov made his fortune, estimated by Forbes at $18 billion, in metals and banking.
    (AP, 12/12/11)
2011        Dec 12, Saudi authorities executed a woman convicted of practicing magic and sorcery. The woman was arrested in April, 2009, and later convicted in a Saudi court. Religious police, who arrested the woman, said she had tricked people into thinking she could treat illnesses, charging them $800 per session.
    (AP, 12/12/11)
2011        Dec 12, Syrians closed their businesses and kept children home from school in several parts of the country in a show of civil disobedience against the regime as a new and fierce round of clashes between troops and army defectors spread. Syrians voted in municipal elections even as violence raged in some parts of the country where security forces were pressing a deadly crackdown against dissent. Border guards intercepted 15 gunmen trying to infiltrate from Turkey. Two were reported killed in the ensuing firefight and others were injured.
    (AP, 12/12/11)(AFP, 12/12/11)(AP, 12/13/11)
2011        Dec 12, In southern Yemen a protester was wounded in Aden when police dispersed hundreds of demonstrators demanding a secession of southern regions. A security official said 12 alleged Al-Qaeda militants plus two other inmates have tunneled their way to freedom from a prison in Aden. Al-Qaeda linked gunman fired on a military vehicle killing three soldiers and wounding 11 others near the southern city of Zinjibar.
    (AFP, 12/12/11)(AP, 12/12/11)(AFP, 12/13/11)

2011        Dec 13, An American military drone MQ-9 Reaper, which had been used to monitor piracy off the East African coast, crashed at an airport on the island nation of Seychelles during a routine patrol.
    (AP, 12/13/11)
2011        Dec 13, California’s Attorney General Kamala Harris announced a new unit devoted to prosecuting high-tech crimes. Each year over 1 million Californians were said to be victims of identity theft, with losses of over $46 million in 2010.
    (SFC, 12/14/11, p.D1)
2011        Dec 13, Algeria and Mauritania's leaders vowed to beef up security in the Sahel region, where Islamist militants, Al-Qaida in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM), were holding a dozen Western hostages.
    (AFP, 12/13/11)
2011        Dec 13, In Belgium Nordine Amrani (33), armed with hand grenades and guns, opened fire in the crowded center of Liege, leaving 4 people dead, including the attacker. The dead included a 15-year-old boy, a 17-year-old girl, and an 18-month-old toddler. A 75-year-old woman who had initially been counted among the dead was taken off the list, even though she stands virtually no chance of recovering from her injuries. The body of a cleaning woman in her forties was discovered during a search of Amrani's property. She was killed just before the murderous spree at Liege's main square.
    (AP, 12/13/11)(AP, 12/14/11)
2011        Dec 13, Chilean doctors successfully separated conjoined twin girls in a marathon 20-hour surgery, saying that the operation went extremely well despite challenges. Doctors at Luis Calvo Mackenna Hospital separated Maria Jose Paredes Navarrete from her twin sister Maria Paz at the thorax, abdomen and pelvis. Maria Jose died on Dec 18.
    (AP, 12/14/11)(AP, 12/18/11)
2011        Dec 13, Police in eastern DR Congo broke up a banned opposition protest march against President Joseph Kabila's bitterly disputed re-election. Some 500 opposition supporters had defied a ban on protests imposed by the mayor of Bukavu.
    (AFP, 12/13/11)
2011        Dec 13, Egyptian PM Kamal al-Ganzuri said that 20,103 political prisoners had been released since February when a popular uprising toppled Hosni Mubarak.
    (AFP, 12/13/11)
2011        Dec 13, European Commission chief Jose Manuel Barroso said that a demand by Britain for its financial services industry to be exempted from EU regulation threatened to break up the single market.
    (AFP, 12/13/11)
2011        Dec 13, In Guinea-Bissau a transport strike paralyzed much of the country, forcing residents to trek into work by foot, as taxi drivers stayed off the roads to protest police extortion.
    (AFP, 12/13/11)
2011        Dec 13, Iran's official news agency said the country's judiciary has issued indictments against 15 American and Zionist spies.
    (AP, 12/13/11)
2011        Dec 13, In Iraq pumping from the southern Rumaila field fell following two explosions to 700,000 barrels per day, down from 1.4 million barrels. Oil exports were not affected. The pipelines were expected to be repaired in about a week.
    (AP, 12/14/11)
2011        Dec 13, Japanese news reports said Japan's government has selected the Lockheed Martin F-35 stealth fighter to bolster its aging air force and is likely to announce the multibillion-dollar deal by the end of the week.
    (AP, 12/13/11)
2011        Dec 13, A convoy of 25 Russian trucks was stopped by US soldiers guarding the Kosovo border with Serbia, increasing tensions in the volatile region. Peacekeepers said the convoy's cargo consisting of canned food, blankets, tents and power generators looked to be intended for those manning the roadblocks, and not for the general Kosovo Serb population. EU officials in Kosovo said the Russians can pass if they allow an international police escort. Three EU police vehicles escorted the convoy on Dec 16 after taking a roundabout way through Serbia to bypass roadblocks.
    (AP, 12/14/11)(AP, 12/17/11)
2011        Dec 13, In Libya around 500 disgruntled protesters from Benghazi, cradle of the uprising against Moamer Kadhafi, demonstrated for a second day against the nation's new rulers despite assurances the former rebel bastion will be Libya's economic capital.
    (AFP, 12/13/11)
2011        Dec 13, In Malaysia Sultan Abdul Halim Mu’adzam Shah was officially installed on the throne, making him the first ruler to hold the ceremonial kingship twice since it started rotating every five years among heads of the country’s 9 states.
    (SSFC, 4/8/12, p.N3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abdul_Halim_of_Kedah)
2011        Dec 13, Myanmar authorities gave Aung San Suu Kyi's opposition party the green light to rejoin mainstream politics, paving the way for the Nobel laureate to run for a seat in the new parliament.
    (AFP, 12/13/11)
2011        Dec 13, In Nigeria a powerful bomb blast targeting soldiers followed by gunfire rocked the troubled city of Maiduguri, with at least 10 people killed. The blast occurred ahead of President Goodluck Jonathan's presentation of his 2012 budget before parliament in Abuja.
    (AFP, 12/13/11)
2011        Dec 13, In Nigeria a boat  capsized carrying as many as 55 people going from Eagle Island to Mgbuodohia in Rivers state. At least 30 people died. 14 others were feared dead.
    (AP, 12/16/11)
2011        Dec 13, Pakistani police said they have rescued 53 students, including children as young as seven, who had been chained in the basement of a madrassa raided by security forces in the port city of Karachi.
    (AFP, 12/13/11)   
2011        Dec 13, The Palestinian flag was raised for the first time above a UN agency, the UNESCO headquarters in Paris, in a diplomatic victory won despite stiff resistance from the US and Israel.
    (AFP, 12/13/11)
2011        Dec 13, In the Philippines police arrested Benjamin Abalos, the former elections chairman, on charges he aided the vote fraud allegedly ordered by former President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo.
    (AP, 12/13/11)
2011        Dec 13, Saudi Arabia promised to provide the newly formed government of unrest-hit Yemen with urgently needed aid, mainly petroleum products.
    (AFP, 12/13/11)
2011        Dec 13, In southern Senegal several soldiers were killed in an attack blamed on separatist rebels in the restive Casamance region.
    (AFP, 12/13/11)
2011        Dec 13, Sierra Leone police announced an end to a 3-month ban on political rallies which was imposed after clashes between supporters of the ruling party and opposition followers.
    (AFP, 12/13/11)
2011        Dec 13, Slovenia’s state electoral commission said the center-left Positive Slovenia party won 28.5% of the Dec 4 ballots, or 28 seats in the 90-member parliament. That is not enough for Positive Slovenia to form a government on its own.
    (AP, 12/13/11)
2011        Dec 13, Scientists at CERN, Switzerland, announced the possible discovery of the Higgs boson, a fundamental particle proposed by British researcher Peter Higgs in 1964.
    (Econ, 12/17/11, p.137)
2011        Dec 13, Syrian security forces fired on a funeral procession in a restive northwestern border region, killing two people. Activists reported the deaths of at least 28 civilians across Syria. State media reported that "armed terrorists" — its usual term for regime opponents — shot and killed Brig. Gen. Ghanem Ibrahim al-Hassan, who teaches at the Assad Military Engineering Academy in the town of Saraqeb in Idlib.
    (AP, 12/13/11)(AP, 12/14/11)(SFC, 12/14/11, p.A4)
2011        Dec 13, Three Thai soldiers were killed and one was critically wounded when an old landmine exploded as they were trying to defuse it on the country's border with Cambodia.
    (AFP, 12/13/11)
2011        Dec 13, Pope Benedict XVI approved seven new saints for the Catholic Church, including Hawaii's Mother Marianne and a 17th-century Native American, Caterina Tekakwitha. Marianne cared for leprosy patients on Hawaii's Molokai peninsula in the late 1880s, soon after the death of Father Damien, who was canonized in 2009. Tekakwitha, who lived from 1656-1680 in the US and Canada, became the first Native American to be beatified in 1980.
    (AP, 12/19/11)
2011        Dec 13, Venezuelan authorities extended house arrest for Maria Lourdes Afiuni, a judge whose case has been strongly criticized by human rights groups. Afiuni was arrested after she released banker Eligio Cedeno, who had been in jail awaiting trial on charges of violating currency controls. Cedeno fled the country shortly following his release.
    (AP, 12/13/11)

2011        Dec 14, A new US federal government report said one of every 15 high school students smokes marijuana on a near daily basis, as alcohol, cigarette and drug use continued a slow decline.
    (SFC, 12/15/11, p.A9)
2011        Dec 14, Time Magazine named “The Protester" as the person of the year.
    (SFC, 12/15/11, p.A1)
2011        Dec 14, In NYC advertising executive Suzanne Hart (41) was killed in a freak elevator mishap at 285 Madison Avenue. Hart was stepping onto the elevator on the first floor when either her foot or leg became caught in the closing doors. The car then rose abruptly, dragging her body into the shaft and killing her. Investigators later found that a key safety mechanism was turned off.
    (AP, 12/15/11)(SFC, 12/15/11, p.A9)(SFC, 2/28/12, p.A5)
2011        Dec 14, In Afghanistan Massoud Khan, district chief of Khanishin, Helmand province, was killed in a roadside bombing along with two bodyguards.
    (SFC, 12/15/11, p.A6)
2011        Dec 14, Algeria passed a media law that drew scorn from journalists, rights activists and opposition legislators who charged that it restricts freedom of expression. The law promises press freedom but also lists 12 areas in which journalists must tread carefully to avoid undermining Algeria's national identity, sovereignty and security and the country's economic interests.
    (AFP, 12/14/11)
2011        Dec 14, Colombia's government and the UN Office of Drugs and Crime released a new study that said more than 3,000 square miles (800,000 hectares) of Colombia's woodlands have been cleared since 1981 in the planting and destruction of drug crops. According to the UN, Colombia had 240 square miles (62,000 hectares) of coca under cultivation last year.
    (AP, 12/14/11)
2011        Dec 14, CongoDRC opposition leader Etienne Tshisekedi's party called for mass protests to "protect" the victory he claims to have won in disputed presidential polls.
    (AFP, 12/14/11)
2011        Dec 14, Egyptians turned out in large numbers to vote in the second round of parliamentary elections that have become a stiff competition between dominant Islamist parties likely to steer the country in a more religious direction. A military court sentenced a political activist to two years in prison after convicting him of criticizing the armed forces and publishing false information. Maikel Nabil Sanad was arrested in March and sentenced to three years, but the case was appealed and sent for retrial.
    (AP, 12/14/11)
2011        Dec 14, European Parliament lawmakers blocked a deal allowing special access for EU fishermen to Moroccan waters, prompting Rabat to issue an immediate ban on European fishing boats. European lawmakers said they wanted to wanted to wait until the interests of Western Sahara trawlers were taken on board before agreeing to a 12-month extension.
    (AFP, 12/14/11)
2011        Dec 14, In Guyana a 34-year-old woman told reporters in the South American country that Chief Henry Greene took her to a hotel and raped her. She alleges the incident occurred in late November. The US revoked Greene's visa in 2006 over alleged links to drug trafficking. Greene was soon placed on leave and in January Jamaica sent a team of detectives to probe the rape allegations.
    (AP, 12/15/11)(AP, 1/5/12)
2011        Dec 14, An Indian newspaper reported that plans were being finalized for a Taliban office in the Gulf state of Qatar.
    (AP, 12/15/11)
2011        Dec 14, Israeli police detained six Jewish extremists following a series of attacks on mosques and Israeli military bases. Unknown arsonists torched an inactive Jerusalem mosque, provoking calls in Israel for a more effective crackdown on Jewish extremists.
    (AP, 12/14/11)
2011        Dec 14, Italian far-right author Gianluca Casseri (50) shot dead two Senegalese men and wounded three others before killing himself in a daylight shooting spree in Florence that prompted outpourings of grief.
    (AFP, 12/14/11)
2011        Dec 14, Kashmiri shopkeeper Tariq Ahmad Bhat died two weeks after anti-India protesters allegedly beat him for refusing to close his store during a strike. Four people accused of beating him have been arrested.
    (AP, 12/15/11)
2011        Dec 14, In Mexico 3 bodies were discovered in Guadalajara, two days after two college students in nearby Guerrero state were killed in a clash with police after student protesters hijacked buses, used them to block a highway and fought officers with rocks and sticks. The Jalisco state prosecutors office said it is investigating whether the bodies belong to any of five people who were reported missing after they complained last week that the student group was demanding protection money for allowing them to sell snacks outside a campus.
    (AP, 12/15/11)
2011        Dec 14, In Romania two self-professed witches were detained on blackmail and extortion charges in a high-profile case involving a TV star and reportedly other public figures.
    (AP, 12/14/11)
2011        Dec 14, In Russia a loyalist to PM Vladimir Putin who served as the speaker of parliament resigned in a move that appeared to be part of the government's effort to stem public anger over alleged fraud in this month's parliamentary election.
    (AP, 12/14/11)
2011        Dec 14, In Russia Boris Chertok (99), a rocket designer who played a key role in engineering Soviet-era space programs, died in Moscow. He was closely involved in putting the world's first satellite in orbit on Oct. 4, 1957, and preparing the first human flight to space by Yuri Gagarin on April, 12 1961.
    (AP, 12/14/11)
2011        Dec 14, In Somalia a rowdy parliament session degenerated into fistfights and kicks after disagreements over the sacking of speaker Sharif Hassan Sheikh Adan. Supporters of Sheikh Adan argued that his impeachment a day earlier did not follow procedure. 
    (AFP, 12/14/11)
2011        Dec 14, Amnesty International accused Spanish authorities of using racial and ethnic profiling, with police singling out people who are not white in order to meet quotas.
    (AP, 12/14/11)
2011        Dec 14, In Sri Lanka thousands of produce traders protested for a third day, halting business at the capital's central market over a new rule demanding that fruit and vegetables be transported in plastic baskets rather than sacks.
    (AP, 12/14/11)
2011        Dec 14, Syrian Army defectors killed at least eight Syrian troops in an act of revenge after security forces shot dead five civilians.
    (AFP, 12/14/11)
2011        Dec 14, The Tanzania-based court said it has overturned several convictions against former Rwandan Ministry of Defense director Col. Theoneste Bagosora. The court reduced his life sentence to 35 years. Bagosora had been sentenced in 2008 at the age of 67. The court also reduced the life sentence of former military commander Anatole Nsengiyumva to 15 years and released him for time served.
    (AP, 12/15/11)
2011        Dec 14, Tunisia's new president, Moncef Marzouki, asked the secretary general of the Islamist party that dominated last month's elections to form the next government. Hamadi Jebali has three weeks to form the next interim government.
    (AP, 12/14/11)

2011        Dec 15, Christopher Hitchens (62), the author, writer and Vanity Fair contributing editor, died in Houston. He had been battling esophageal cancer since early 2010. His final essays, under the title: “Mortality," were published in 2012.
    (AP, 12/15/11)(SSFC, 9/9/12, p.F3)
2011        Dec 15, In San Francisco a caller told police that there was a body in a second-floor room of the Broadway Hotel at 2048 Polk St. near Broadway. The medical examiner concluded the man was the victim of a homicide. Friends at the Broadway Hotel identified the man as Robert Slivoski (68).
    (SFC, 12/17/11, p.C5)(http://tinyurl.com/brjrprw)
2011        Dec 15, Australia’s independent Remuneration Tribunal recommended pay hikes for most politicians and public servants. PM Julia Gillard was recommended for a bumper 31 percent rise to take her salary past that of US President Barack Obama.
    (AFP, 12/15/11)
2011        Dec 15, Bahraini security forces used tear gas and stun grenades to try to disperse hundreds of anti-government protesters attempting to march along a highway leading to the island kingdom's capital. Police arrested prominent human rights blogger Zainab al-Khawaja (28). A video posted online showed her being roughed up, handcuffed and dragged away. Zainab al-Khawaja was released on Dec 20.
    (AP, 12/15/11)(AFP, 12/16/11)(AP, 12/21/11)
2011        Dec 15, A Colombian judge sentenced three construction moguls to more than seven years in prison each for embezzlement in a kickback scandal that also involved Bogota’s ex-mayor Samuel Moreno. Each of the four was also fined $5 million.
    (AP, 12/16/11)
2011        Dec 15, Khadzhimurad Kamalov (46), the founder of a newspaper critical of authorities in the restive province of Dagestan in Russia's North Caucasus, died after he was gunned down in a hail of bullets outside his office. Kamalov founded the independent weekly paper Chernovik (Rough Draft) in 2003 and remained its publisher until his killing.
    (AP, 12/16/11)
2011        Dec 15, Dominican Republic authorities said they have arrested two Europeans and 15 local police officers for alleged involvement in a cocaine shipment seized at an airport. The arrests were tied to a one-ton cargo of cocaine set on a flight to Antwerp, Belgium.
    (AP, 12/16/11)
2011        Dec 15, Egyptians headed to the polls again in a phased election to choose the first post-revolution parliament, as liberals faced an uphill battle to compete with Islamist parties.
    (AFP, 12/15/11)
2011        Dec 15, A French court convicted former Pres. Jacques Chirac (79) of embezzling government money while he was mayor of Paris (1977-1995) and handed him a 2-year suspended sentence.
    (SFC, 12/16/11, p.A7)
2011        Dec 15, A French court convicted Carlos the Jackal (62), already serving a life sentence for a triple murder in 1975, was convicted of instigating four bombings in France in 1982-1983 that killed 11 people. He was sentenced to another life term in prison.
    (SFC, 12/16/11, p.A7)
2011        Dec 15, The director of Hungary's state news service was fired and the editor-in-chief reassigned due to the censorship of images in a newscast of a former head of Hungary's Supreme Court. On Dec 10 three television employees began holding a hunger strike seeking the dismissal of managers they say are responsible for censorship and restricting news coverage in state-owned media.
    (AP, 12/16/11)
2011        Dec 15, Iceland formally recognized the Palestinian state at a ceremony in Reykjavik, becoming one of the few Western European countries and NATO members to do so.
    (AFP, 12/15/11)
2011        Dec 15, Indian officials said at least 143 people have died after consuming toxic home-made liquor in West Bengal state. Police arrested 10 suspected bootleggers. Khonra Badshah, the suspected kingpin behind the illegal liquor racket that left 172 people dead, surrendered to police on Jan 16.
    (AP, 12/15/11)(AFP, 1/16/12)
2011        Dec 15, US officials formally shut down the war in Iraq after nearly nine years, 4,500 American dead and 100,000 Iraqi dead. Defense Secretary Leon Panetta said the conflict was worth the American sacrifice because it set Iraq on a path to democracy.
    (AP, 12/15/11)
2011        Dec 15, Suspected Israeli vandals set fire to a mosque in the West Bank and defaced it with Hebrew graffiti a day after a similar arson attack on a Jerusalem mosque. Suspicion fell on Jewish extremists widely assumed to be behind stepped-up violence against Palestinians and the Israeli military.
    (AP, 12/15/11)
2011        Dec 15, Italian police intercepted another letter bomb at the offices of the tax collection agency.
    (AP, 12/15/11)
2011        Dec 15, In northern Nigeria assailants shot dead three officers after attacking a boarding school near the city of Kano. Gunmen attacked people gathered outside a shop in the city of Maiduguri. The drive-by assailants were carrying Kalashnikov rifles under their flowing robes and left 5 people dead. Authorities blamed the radical Boko Haram Muslim sect.
    (AP, 12/16/11)(AP, 12/17/11)
2011        Dec 15, Papua New Guinea politics were deadlocked, with two men claiming to be prime minister, two governments saying they hold power, rival police chiefs maintaining the peace — and no one sure who actually was in charge.
    (AP, 12/15/11)
2011        Dec 15, In Saudi Arabia 35 Ethiopian Christians, 29 of them women, were arrested  after police raided a private prayer gathering. They later faced deportation for "illicit mingling."
    (AFP, 1/31/12)
2011        Dec 15, Sri Lankan authorities agreed to restore access to a news website that had been blocked with four others for more than a month over alleged insults and character assassination.
    (AP, 12/15/11)
2011        Dec 15, Syrian army defectors reportedly killed at least 27 government forces in clashes in the southern province of Daraa. Human Rights Watch issued a report alleging that dozens of Syrian military commanders and officials authorized or gave direct orders for widespread killings, torture, and illegal arrests during the wave of anti-government protests.
    (AP, 12/15/11)
2011        Dec 15, A Thai activist was sentenced to 15 years in prison for insulting the king in the third case in a month involving the strict law against defaming the monarchy that is increasingly being criticized as an infringement on free speech. Daranee Charnchoengsilpakul, nicknamed "Da Torpedo" for her aggressive speaking style, has been detained since July 2008 after speaking at a rally using impolite language that was recorded by police.
    (AP, 12/15/11)
2011        Dec 15, Tunisia reopened its Ras Jidr crossing with Libya after Tripoli took steps to prevent the kind of incidents that led to the border's closure two weeks ago.
    (AFP, 12/16/11)
2011        Dec 15, Venezuela handed Maximiliano Bonilla Orozco (aka "Valenciano"), a top Colombian drug trafficking suspect to US authorities, deporting him to face charges of shipping tons of cocaine to the United States.
    (AP, 12/15/11)
2011        Dec 15, Air Zimbabwe chairman Jonathan Kadzura said the government has raised $1.5 million (1.2 million euros) to pay off the national airline's debt and have an impounded airplane released in London.
    (AFP, 12/15/11)

2011        Dec 16, It was reported that US presidential candidate and Texas Gov. Rick Perry (61) was collecting $7,700 a month in state pension in addition to his nearly $133,000 annual salary as governor. State coded permitted the double dip practice.
    (SFC, 12/17/11, p.A10)
2011        Dec 16, The US SEC brought civil fraud charges against 6 former top executives of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, saying they misled investors about risky subprime loans.
    (SFC, 12/17/11, p.D1)
2011        Dec 16, Zynga, a SF-based internet game company, went public for $10 a share, valuing the company at $1 billion. Shares closed down 5% at $9.50.
    (SFC, 12/16/11, p.A1)(SFC, 12/17/11, p.A1)
2011        Dec 16, In Atlanta, Georgia, rapper Slim Dunkin was gunned down in a music studio as he was preparing to record a video.
    (AP, 12/16/11)
2011        Dec 16, Jennifer Anderson (54), former keyboardist and singer for the Nuns, died of complications from breast and liver cancer in NYC. She performed under the name Jennifer Miro with the pioneering SF punk band.
    (SFC, 1/11/12, p.C5)
2011        Dec 16, Veteran film and television actor Dan Frazer, best known for his role as Captain Frank McNeil on the 1970s television series "Kojak," died in Manhattan. His films include "Cleopatra Jones," ''Take the Money and Run" ''Gideon's Trumpet" and "Deconstructing Harry." Besides "Kojak," Frazer's television appearances include "Car 54, Where Are You," ''Route 66," ''Barney Miller" and "Law & Order."
    (AP, 12/18/11)
2011        Dec 16, In Bahrain a protester was killed after reportedly being hit by a police car during a rally.
    (AP, 12/17/11)
2011        Dec 16, China's government gave the first sign that prominent civil rights lawyer Gao Zhisheng is alive, saying he would be sent to prison for three years for violating his probation. Zhisheng, an advocate of constitutional reform, was convicted in 2006 of subversion and disappeared 20 months ago. On Jan 1, 2012, his brother said Gao has been imprisoned in Shaya prison in the far western region of Xinjiang.
    (AP, 12/16/11)(AFP, 1/1/12)
2011        Dec 16, Beijing city authorities issued new rules requiring microbloggers to register their real names before posting online, as the Chinese government tightens its grip on the Internet.
    (AFP, 12/16/11)
2011        Dec 16, England's highest court granted WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange permission  to appeal against his extradition to Sweden to face rape allegations, setting the hearing for February 1.
    (AFP, 12/16/11)
2011        Dec 16, Egyptian troops clashed with petrol bomb-throwing protesters against military rule in Cairo, as the worst violence in weeks overshadowed the count in the second phase of a landmark general election. Fighting raged from dawn well into the night. The clashes left at least 8 people dead.
    (AFP, 12/16/11)(AFP, 12/17/11)
2011        Dec 16, Europol said police have arrested 112 people in 22 countries after a yearlong investigation into child pornography, warning that technology is making combating the spread of child abuse images ever more difficult. The investigation, code named "Operation Icarus," was carried out under the leadership of Danish police, due to Danish expertise in analyzing the peer-to-peer networks that were used to share files.
    (AP, 12/16/11)
2011        Dec 16, A court in Paris charged Sosthene Munyemana, a Rwandan doctor living in France, on suspicion he took part in the country's 1994 genocide.
    (AFP, 12/16/11)
2011        Dec 16, A Soyuz rocket carrying six satellites launched from French Guiana in the Russian-built rocket model's second mission this year. It was to first release a French Earth observation satellite, Pleiades 1. Next to come would be four French micro-satellites and a Chilean Earth observation satellite was to be released last.
    (AP, 12/16/11)
2011        Dec 16, Indian student Jyoti Amge (18), measuring just 62.8 centimeters (less than two foot, one inch), was confirmed as the world's shortest living woman.
    (AFP, 12/16/11)
2011        Dec 16, Indonesia's Parliament passed a long-awaited law allowing the government to acquire land for public projects by paying compensation. The law must be signed by the president within 30 days before taking effect.
    (AP, 12/16/11)
2011        Dec 16, In Ivory Coast final election results from Dec 11 said Ouattara's Rally of Republicans (RDR) won 127 of the 254 seats contested, with its main ally, the Ivory Coast Democratic Party (PDCI), getting 77. Turnout in the vote was 36.56 percent.
    (AFP, 12/16/11)
2011        Dec 16, Japan's PM Yoshihiko Noda announced that the country's Fukushima Dai-ichi tsunami-damaged nuclear plant has achieved a stable state of "cold shutdown," a crucial step toward the eventual lifting of evacuation orders and closing of the plant.
    (AP, 12/16/11)
2011        Dec 16, In Kazakhstan at least 15 people died in a clash with police in the city of Zhanaozen. The city had been the site of a sit-in by oil workers seeking higher wages. Many of those workers were fired over the summer.
    (AP, 12/18/11)(Econ, 12/22/12, p.57)
2011        Dec 16, Kuwaiti riot police used tear gas and water cannons to disperse hundreds of stateless protesters, known as bidoon, who were demanding citizenship and other basic rights. Under Kuwaiti law, only citizens have the right to hold public gatherings.
    (AFP, 12/16/11)(AP, 12/18/11)
2011        Dec 16, In Kyrgyzstan 4 parties agreed to form a broad coalition government, a development that could create much-needed political stability.
    (AP, 12/16/11)
2011        Dec 16, Malaysian shipbuilder Boustead Naval Shipyard says it has won a 9.0 billion ringgit ($2.8 billion) deal from Kuala Lumpur for six naval patrol vessels developed by French manufacturer DCNS.
    (AFP, 12/16/11)
2011        Dec 16, In Mexico a marine officer, his two sons, also marines, and his wife disappeared in the western state of Guerrero. Several suspects were arrested on Jan 13 and confessed to kidnapping them at a fake checkpoint and killing them.
    (AP, 1/15/12)
2011        Dec 16, In the Netherlands a long-awaited report said thousands of children suffered sexual abuse in Dutch Catholic institutions over the past 65 years, and church officials knew about the abuse but failed to adequately address it or help the victims.
    (AP, 12/16/11)
2011        Dec 16, Judges of the International Criminal Court at The Hague decided not to charge Rwandan rebel leader Callixte Mbarushimana (48) for crimes committed in the Democratic Republic of Congo and ordered his release. Mbarushimana faced 13 counts of war crimes and crimes against humanity allegedly committed in DR Congo's Kivu provinces in 2009.
    (AFP, 12/16/11)
2011        Dec 16, In Nigeria a gunmen opened fire on a police checkpoint on the outskirts of Kano, resulting in a shootout which left one policeman dead and another seriously wounded.
    (AFP, 12/17/11)
2011        Dec 16, In Gaza a man died from heavy machine gun fire on the border between the Gaza Strip and Israel. An Israeli military spokeswoman said soldiers on patrol in the area heard explosions, and a tank responded with gunfire toward "suspicious locations." Family members identified the victim as Nafez Nabhein (35), a Bedouin civilian from the Bureij refugee camp.
    (AP, 12/16/11)
2011        Dec 16, Russia gained approval to join the World Trade Organization (WTO). Formal membership was expected in early 2012.
    (SFC, 12/17/11, p.A4)
2011        Dec 16, South Korea joined a fresh multinational effort to press Iran to scrap its suspected nuclear weapons program, adding more than 100 names to a financial blacklist of Iranian firms and individuals.
    (AFP, 12/16/11)
2011        Dec 16, Syrian security forces opened fire on anti-government protesters after Friday prayers at several locations around the country, while the army sent reinforcements into a southern area where military defectors recently launched deadly attacks on regime troops. At least 10 people were left dead.
    (AP, 12/16/11)(SFC, 12/17/11, p.A3)
2011        Dec 16, In Yemen hundreds of thousands demonstrated across the country rejecting an amnesty given to President Ali Abdullah Saleh against prosecution in a deal that eases him out of office.
    (AFP, 12/16/11)
2011        Dec 16, Zimbabwe state media said the national airline has suspended flights to South Africa over a debt of $500,000, fearing creditors might impound more of its planes.
    (AFP, 12/16/11)

2011        Dec 17, Deloris Gillespie (64) burned to death in the elevator of her Brooklyn apartment building after a man ambushed her, sprayed her with liquid and set her afire with a Molotov cocktail. The next day Jerome Isaac (47) told police he set her on fire because she owed him $2,000 for some work he had done for her.
    (AP, 12/18/11)(AP, 12/19/11)
2011        Dec 17, In Afghanistan international troops exchanged gunfire with guards at a house in Paktia province, and detained a counternarcotics chief and two of his sons. An Afghan woman and another member of the counternarcotics chief's family were killed and three other women were injured. Three policemen were killed when their patrol vehicle was caught in the blast from a roadside bomb on the main highway between Farah and Nimroz provinces.
    (AP, 12/17/11)(AFP, 12/18/11)
2011        Dec 17, In Afghanistan the US military began testing Kaman K-MAX helicopters, a revolutionary new drone for its arsenal. The pilotless helicopters will fly cargo missions to remote outposts where frequent roadside bombs threaten access by road convoys.
    (AP, 1/7/12)
2011        Dec 17, Opposition supporters in Bahrain clashed with police for a third straight day along a main highway west of the capital.
    (AP, 12/17/11)
2011        Dec 17, Cape Verdean singer Cesaria Evora (70), nicknamed the "barefoot diva", died in a hospital in her native country. Her 1992 album, “Miss Perfumado," earned her 5 gold records.
    (AFP, 12/17/11)(Econ, 1/7/12, p.86)
2011        Dec 17, In Egypt violence raged for a second day in the administrative heart of Cairo as troops and police deployed in force. The count continued in the second stage of elections for the lower house of parliament.
    (AFP, 12/17/11)
2011        Dec 17, Gabon held legislative elections. Voters were expected to hand a resounding victory to President Ali Bongo's party in the face of a boycott by some opposition groups. Some 746,000 people were registered to vote in the country of 1.5 million inhabitants, sub-Saharan Africa's fourth largest oil producer.
    (AFP, 12/17/11)
2011        Dec 17, An overcrowded ship of asylum seekers sank off the island of Java. Indonesian rescuers battled high waves as they searched for survivors. Nearly 250 people fleeing economic and political hardship in Afghanistan, Iraq, Iran and Turkey were trying to reach Australia in search of a better life when their fiberglass ship broke apart. Only 47 people survived.
    (AP, 12/18/11)(AFP, 12/20/11)
2011        Dec 17, The secular Iraqiya bloc, which won most of the votes of Iraq's disenchanted Sunni Arab minority, walked out of parliament sparking a political crisis days after US forces ended their mission.
    (AFP, 12/17/11)
2011        Dec 17, Kazakhstan's President Nursultan Nazarbayev imposed a three-week state of emergency in the oil town of Zhanaozen, where at least 15 people were killed a day earlier in a clash between police and demonstrators. In the southwest police opened fire on rioters in the town of Shetpe, leaving one person dead and 11 wounded. Two days of rioting left 16 people dead.
    (AP, 12/17/11)(AP, 12/18/11)(Econ, 12/31/11, p.26)(Econ, 12/22/12, p.57)
2011        Dec 17, In Nigeria an explosion at a house allegedly used to make home-made bombs in the northeastern city of Maiduguri killed three suspected Islamist sect members. Police shot rifles and fired tear gas at protesters who were demonstrating against toll roads in Lagos.
    (AFP, 12/17/11)(AP, 12/17/11)
2011        Dec 17, North Korean leader Kim Jong Il (b.1941) died of a heart attack. His third son, Kim Jong Un, was expected to succeed his father.
    (AP, 12/19/11)(Econ, 12/31/11, p.74)
2011        Dec 17, It was reported that North Korea has agreed to suspend its enriched-uranium nuclear weapons program, a key United States demand for the resumption of disarmament talks, as Washington agreed to provide the North with up to 240,000 tons of food aid.
    (AFP, 12/17/11)
2011        Dec 17, Tropical storm Washi whipped the southern Philippines, unleashing mammoth floods across vast areas that left 440 people dead and nearly 200 missing.
    (AP, 12/17/11)
2011        Dec 17, In Russia about 1,000 demonstrators demanding a rerun of parliamentary elections gathered in central Moscow for a second weekend of protests against the recent fraud-tainted vote.
    (AP, 12/17/11)
2011        Dec 17, Former Miss Venezuela Eva Ekvall (28), whose struggle with breast cancer was closely followed by Venezuelans, died at a hospital in Houston. Ekvall was crowned Miss Venezuela at age 17 in 2000, and the following year she was third runner-up in the Miss Universe pageant in Puerto Rico.
    (AP, 12/19/11)

2011        Dec 18, Warren Hellman (b.1934), San Francisco financier and sponsor of the annual Hardly Strictly Bluegrass festival, died from complications of leukemia.
    (SFC, 12/18/11, p.A1)
2011        Dec 18, In eastern Afghanistan 18 civilians and two policemen were wounded when a man threw grenades at a police vehicle in Khost city.
    (AFP, 12/18/11)
2011        Dec 18, Police in Bahrain fired tear gas at thousands of demonstrators chanting anti-government slogans after the funeral of an elderly man who witnesses say died from tear gas inhalation a day earlier.
    (AP, 12/18/11)
2011        Dec 18, In Bolivia suspects, Carlos Uriona and Adelaida Marca allegedly drowned their sister (18) during a bathtub exorcism in Cochabamba. Both were arrested after police found the victim's body inside a store owned by the pastor.
    (AP, 12/20/11)
2011        Dec 18, Donald Neilson (b.1936), one of Britain's most notorious serial killers, died. He was known as the Black Panther, whose savage murder of Lesley Whittle (17), a teenage heiress, repulsed the nation in 1975.
    (AP, 12/19/11)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Neilson)
2011        Dec 18, In the CongoDRC opposition leader Etienne Tshisekedi declared himself winner of the recent presidential vote, despite placing second in official election results.
    (SFC, 12/18/11, p.A2)
2011        Dec 18, Vaclav Havel (b.1936), former Czech president (1990-2003) died. He led the 1989 Velvet Revolution that peacefully toppled communism in the former Czechoslovakia.
    (AP, 12/18/11)(Econ, 12/31/11, p.32)
2011        Dec 18, Egypt's military sought to isolate pro-democracy activists protesting against their rule, depicting them as conspirators and vandals, as troops and protesters clashed for a third straight day. At least 10 protesters have been killed and 441 others wounded in the three days of violence.
    (AP, 12/18/11)
2011        Dec 18, Iranian state media reported that Russia’s Tatneft has signed a preliminary accord valued at $1 billion with the Persian Gulf country to develop the Zagheh oil field located in southwestern Iran. The next day Tatneft said no accord has been signed.
    (SFC, 12/18/11, p.A2)(http://tinyurl.com/7j78scn)
2011        Dec 18, In Iraq Baghdad security said three of Sunni vice-president Tareq Hashemi's bodyguards were arrested for "suspected terrorist activity," and the vice president was briefly escorted off a domestic flight from Baghdad to the autonomous Kurdish region's capital Arbil.
    (AFP, 12/19/11)
2011        Dec 18, The last US soldiers rolled out of Iraq across the border into neighboring Kuwait at daybreak. The war cost nearly 4,500 American and well more than 100,000 Iraqi lives and $800 billion from the US Treasury.
    (AP, 12/18/11)
2011        Dec 18, Israel released hundreds of Palestinian prisoners, the second and final phase of a swap with Gaza Hamas militants that brought home an Israeli soldier after five years in captivity.
    (AP, 12/18/11)
2011        Dec 18, In the Ivory Coast unrest in Vavoua left 5 people dead. Violence started after a dispute between Republican Forces (FRCI) and youths the previous night left dead a young man who succumbed to his injuries in hospital.
    (AFP, 12/18/11)
2011        Dec 18, In Lebanon a masked gunman shot and killed a bodyguard of the commander of the mainstream Fatah group's armed faction at the Ein el-Hilweh refugee camp near the southern port city of Sidon. The camp houses more than 65,000 refugees.
    (AP, 12/18/11)
2011        Dec 18, More than 30,000 Islamists rallied against the US in the Pakistani city of Lahore, demanding Islamabad cut off ties with Washington following NATO airstrikes last month that killed 24 Pakistani soldiers.
    (AP, 12/18/11)
2011        Dec 18, In the southern Philippines rescuers struggled to help survivors and a ravaged city prepared for a mass burial as the death toll from devastating flash floods rose past 650. Some 900 people were missing.
    (AFP, 12/18/11)
2011        Dec 18, In Russia thousands took to the streets of Moscow and St. Petersburg, braving strong winds and torrential rains for a second week of protests over the recent fraud-tainted parliamentary vote.
    (AP, 12/18/11)
2011        Dec 18, Russia’s Kolskaya oil drilling platform capsized and later sank amid fierce storms off the coast of Sakhalin Island, plunging dozens of workers into the churning, icy waters. Of the 67 men aboard, 14 were plucked alive immediately after the accident.
    (AP, 12/18/11)(AP, 12/19/11)
2011        Dec 18, Somali journalist Abdisalan Sheik Hassan was shot dead in Mogadishu by a man in a Somali government uniform.
    (AP, 12/18/11)
2011        Dec 18, Spanish airline Iberia cancelled a third of its flights because of a strike by pilots fearing job losses when company planes are diverted for a planned new budget carrier.
    (SFC, 12/18/11, p.A2)
2011        Dec 18, In Syria armed clashes erupted, killing at least 14 civilians and six government troops in central and northern Syria.
    (AP, 12/18/11)
2011        Dec 18, Four Yemeni soldiers and two al-Qaida-linked militants were killed in overnight clashes outside the city of Zinjibar.
    (AP, 12/18/11)

2011        Dec 19, Fierce winds and snow that caused fatal road accidents and shuttered highways in Colorado, Kansas, New Mexico, Texas and Utah. The storm was blamed for at least six deaths.
    (AP, 12/20/11)
2011        Dec 19, NYC Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg said Cornell University has chosen by New York City to build a technology campus on Roosevelt Island with a grant of city-owned land and $100 million. Charles Feeney of the Duty Free Shopping Group donated $350 million.
    (Econ, 1/7/12, p.26)(http://tinyurl.com/cz9lz8z)
2011        Dec 19, In, Webster, Pennsylvania, police shot and killed Eli Franklin Myers (58) during a standoff hours after he killed East Washington officer John David Dryer during a traffic stop.
    (SFC, 12/20/11, p.A8)
2011        Dec 19, Members of an Australian class action lawsuit, who blame a German pharmaceutical company's anti-morning sickness drug, Thalidomide, for causing birth defects, won the right to have their case heard in their own country. The class action against Grunenthal is open to Australians born between Jan. 1, 1958, and Dec. 31, 1970, who were injured after their mothers took thalidomide while pregnant.
    (AP, 12/19/11)
2011        Dec 19, Belarus police arrested dozens of regime opponents who tried to stage a banned vigil in Minsk. Australian filmmaker Kitty Green (27) was detained while covering a topless protest outside the offices of the Belarussian KGB security services to mark Lukashenko's disputed re-election a year ago. Three members of the radical Femen group were also seized by KGB security agents who forced them to strip naked in a forest and threatened to torch them.
    (AFP, 12/20/11)
2011        Dec 19, In Brazil a juvenile court judge in the northeastern state of Alagoas sentenced three priests for sexually abusing minors for years. Monsignor Luiz Marques Barbosa was sentenced to 21 years in prison, while Monsignor Raimundo Gomes and priest Edilson Duarte were given 16 years and four months in prison.
    (AP, 12/20/11)
2011        Dec 19, In northern Brazil say a woman gave birth to conjoined twin boys with one body and two heads at the Santa Casa de Misericodia Hospital in Belem.
    (AP, 12/21/11)
2011        Dec 19, In Denmark the Copenhagen City Court ruled that Marcel Lychau Hansen had strangled 73-year-old Edith Louise Andrup in 1987 and 40-year-old Lene Buchardt Rasmussen three years later. The court also found him guilty of raping three teenagers and a 23-year-old woman in 1995 and two women in 2005 and 2010, respectively.
    (AP, 12/19/11)
2011        Dec 19, Egyptian soldiers in riot gear swept through Cairo's Tahrir Square and opened fire on protesters demanding an immediate end to military rule. The Health Ministry said at least three people were killed, bringing the death toll for four days of clashes to 14.
    (AP, 12/19/11)
2011        Dec 19, Gabon's ruling party, the Gabonese Democratic Party (PDG), claimed it had won 114 out of parliament's 120 seats in a legislative election largely boycotted by the opposition but given a clean bill of health by observers.
    (AFP, 12/19/11)
2011        Dec 19, The Air Berlin group, Germany's 2nd-largest airline, said United Arab Emirates airline, Etihad, is to pay 72.9 million euros ($95 million) to become its biggest shareholder.
    (AP, 12/19/11)
2011        Dec 19, Guinean officials indefinitely postponed legislative elections initially set for December 29 to meet opposition demands for a role in planning the polls to prevent fraud.
    (AFP, 12/19/11)
2011        Dec 19, Iraqi officials said judges have barred Sunni Vice President Tareq al-Hashemi from travelling overseas.
    (AP, 12/19/11)
2011        Dec 19, In Kenya a police officer was killed and two others seriously wounded after a suspected landmine attack on their patrol vehicle in the northern Dadaab refugee camp.
    (AFP, 12/19/11)
2011        Dec 19, Mauritania said it has signed an agreement with French oil group Total to explore for oil at sea and to extract any oil discovered.
    (AFP, 12/19/11)
2011        Dec 19, Mexican prosecutors announced they have found another clandestine grave holding 10 bodies in the northern state of Durango, bringing to 14 the number of such burial sites found in the state this year. Soldiers found the 10 bodies last week in a field on the outskirts of the state capital. Prosecutors also said two mutilated bodies were found scattered in the plaza of Pueblo Viejo, Morelos state, while a boy was killed around the same time in what police say may have been a related crime. Mexico's tax service announced that authorities had found 480 drums containing almost 100 metric tons of precursor chemicals used to make methamphetamines at the Pacific coast port of Lazaro Cardenas, Michoacan state.
    (AP, 12/19/11)
2011        Dec 19, Morocco’s Islamist al-Adl wal-Ihsane (Justice and Charity) group said they were ending their role in the weekly protests that have taken place since February, because the movement had been taken over by elements that wanted to limit the demands for change.
    (AP, 12/19/11)
2011        Dec 19, In Nepal a second general strike in three days brought much of the country to a halt as protestors blocked roads and torched cars over the prison killing of a senior opposition party activist. Shiva Poudel, chairman of a party youth wing, was critically injured when a group of inmates attacked him in a prison in the southern district of Chitwan on December 6 and he died in Kathmandu on Dec 17.
    (AFP, 12/19/11)
2011        Dec 19, Nigeria launched a communications satellite into space to replace one that failed in 2008. The satellite was launched from Xichang in southwest China.
    (AFP, 12/19/11)
2011        Dec 19, Hundreds of furious Pakistanis blocked off the Islamabad airport highway, demonstrating against debilitating gas shortages and pelting police with stones. A second angry crowd torched tires in Islamabad and twin city Rawalpindi, throwing stones at police and private vehicles over gas rationing that has left thousands of homes without heat for hours at a time.
    (AFP, 12/19/11)
2011        Dec 19, A teenage Pakistani woman told of her terror as her husband chopped off her nose and lips in a furious marital row, and threatened to kill herself unless the police brought him to justice. Salma Bibi (17) said her husband, Ghulam Qadir (22), subjected her to a beating, then bound her hands and feet with rope and hacked into her face with a razor in a remote village in the southwestern province Baluchistan.
    (AFP, 12/19/11)
2011        Dec 19, Peruvian migration officials gave paroled American Lori Berenson (42) a document, three days after barring her exit, clearing her to leave the country with her toddler son to spend the holidays with her family in New York City. Berenson said she fully intended to return to Peru by the court-ordered deadline of Jan 11.
    (AP, 12/19/11)
2011        Dec 19, In the southern Philippines the death toll from devastating flash floods rose to 927 and was expected to climb higher as relief workers recovered more bodies from Mindanao.
    (AFP, 12/19/11)
2011        Dec 19, Saudi billionaire Prince Walid bin Talal and his Kingdom Holding Company announced a combined investment of $300 million in the social networking site Twitter.
    (AFP, 12/19/11)
2011        Dec 19, South Sudanese rebel chief George Athor was killed in a clash with soldiers of the newly independent nation.
    (AFP, 12/20/11)
2011        Dec 19, Sudan’s parliament raised taxes on the Internet, mobile phone calls and other telecommunications in a bid to help cover lost oil income from South Sudan.
    (AP, 12/20/11)
2011        Dec 19, Sweden’s Saab Automobile filed for bankruptcy, giving up a desperate struggle to stay in business after previous owner General Motors Co. blocked takeover attempts by Chinese investors.
    (AP, 12/19/11)
2011        Dec 19, Syria signed an Arab League initiative that will allow Arab observers into the country, as part of an effort to end the nation's increasingly bloody 9-month-old crisis.
    (AP, 12/19/11)
2011        Dec 19, Tunisia’s President Moncef Marzouki said that Tunisia's Jews are full citizens and those that had left were welcome to return. His comments came almost two weeks after Israeli deputy PM Silvan Shalom called on the country's remaining Jews to emigrate to Israel.
    (AP, 12/19/11)
2011        Dec 19, A Turkish news agency reported that security forces may have killed as many as 20 Kurdish separatist rebels in the country's southeast.
    (AP, 12/19/11)
2011        Dec 19, The UN General Assembly approved a resolution denouncing human rights violations in Iran in an 89-30 vote. There were 64 abstentions.
    (SFC, 12/19/11, p.A2)
2011        Dec 19, In Yemen fresh fighting between suspected Al-Qaeda militants and army troops in Abyan province killed 4 soldiers and 16 al-Qaida-linked militants.
    (AP, 12/20/11)

2011        Dec 20, The United States extradited Edin Dzeko (39), a native Bosnian, suspected of participation in the wartime killing of Bosnian Croat civilians. According to charges, Dzeko was a member of a Bosnian Army unit that attacked the southern Bosnian Croat village of Trusina in 1993, killed 18 civilians and wounded several others, including children.
    (AP, 12/20/11)
2011        Dec 20, American authorities said they had asked the world’s leading scientific journals to withhold research on bird flu after researcher teams in Madison and Rotterdam engineered the virus so that it could be transmitted through the air from ferret to ferret. In January scientists agreed to suspend their research for 60 days. On April 20, 2012, the US reversed its stance. On April 27 the Dutch government gave Ron Fouchier permission to publish his paper. A 2nd paper by Yoshihiro Kawaoka of the Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison was published in May.
    (www.economist.com/node/21542156)(SFC, 1/21/12, p.A4)(Econ, 5/5/12, p.78)(Econ, 6/23/12, p.81)
2011        Dec 20, In Spokane, Washington, Kevin Harpham (37) was sentenced to 32 years in prison for planting a poison-laced bomb last January 17 along a Martin Luther King Jr. Day parade route.
    (SFC, 12/21/11, p.A8)
2011        Dec 20, NASA scientists reported the discovery of a pair of planets, the size of Earth and Venus, named Kepler 20e and Kepler 20f. Both orbited a star 3,900 light-years away.
    (SFC, 12/21/11, p.A10)
2011        Dec 20, A small plane crashed on I-287 in New Jersey killing all 5 people aboard.
    (SFC, 12/21/11, p.A12)
2011        Dec 20, Algerian troops were reported to have crossed into Mali to help government forces combat groups affiliated to Al-Qaeda.
    (AFP, 12/20/11)
2011        Dec 20, The Bahrain News Agency said the king issued a decree ordering government agencies to reinstate 180 government employees who were fired on suspicion of participating in opposition rallies. Bahraini labor groups claimed up to 2,500 people were purged from jobs during the unrest. The government put the number at 1,623.
    (AP, 12/20/11)
2011        Dec 20, British treasury minister Danny Alexander said the government has reached a tentative deal on pension reform with most public sector unions, easing fears of further strikes after a mass walkout over the issue last month.
    (Reuters, 12/20/11)
2011        Dec 20, In southern China police fired tear-gas and beat demonstrators who stormed government buildings to protest against a power plant in Haimen, Guangdong province.
    (AFP, 12/20/11)
2011        Dec 20, Colombia's President Juan Manuel Santos approved details of a plan to pay compensation to an estimated 4 million victims of the country's long-running civil conflict. Santos signed five decrees laying out regulations under the so-called Victims Law. The Congress approved the law in May, and Santos signed it in June.
    (AP, 12/20/11)
2011        Dec 20, Egyptian troops and riot police raided Tahrir again in their latest attempt to evict protesters. Some 10,000 angry women marched in central Cairo to denounce the attacks on protesters and call on the ruling generals to step down. Their anger was mostly focused on the case of the woman stripped half naked and beaten. At least 14 people have been killed in five days of clashes. 
    (AP, 12/20/11)(AP, 12/21/11)
2011        Dec 20, The European Court of Human Rights ordered Russia to pay more than €1 million ($1.3 million) to dozens of plaintiffs over the country's bungled efforts to end a 2002 Moscow theater siege by Chechen militants.
    (AP, 12/20/11)
2011        Dec 20,  Five Iranian engineers working on an electricity power plant in Jandar, close to the city of Homs, Syria, were abducted. Two others working for Iran Power Plant Projects Management Company (Mapna) were taken when they went to investigate their colleagues' disappearance. On Jan 2 an unknown group calling itself the "Movement Against the Expansion of Shiism in Syria" claimed responsibility for their abduction.
    (AFP, 1/4/12)
2011        Dec 20, Japan chose the as-yet unproven F-35 stealth jet for its next-generation mainstay fighter.
    (AFP, 12/20/11)
2011        Dec 20, Kenyan military jets targeted several locations in Hosingow in the Lower Juba region of Somalia, close to the Kenyan border. 11 people, most of them civilians, were reported killed in the raid.
    (AFP, 12/21/11)
2011        Dec 20, Lebanese troops found the body of American John Redwine, who had been missing for three days in a remote mountainous area of the country.
    (AP, 12/20/11)
2011        Dec 20, Mauritanian paramilitary police officer "Ely Ould Moktar was kidnapped from his unit in Adel Begrou. On March 10 he was freed in exchange for Abderrahmane Ould Meddou of Mali, who was serving a 5-year jail sentence for involvement in the abduction of an Italian couple earlier this year.
    (AFP, 3/10/12)
2011        Dec 20, In northern Nigeria gunmen killed five people in a pre-dawn attack in Kagoro town, Kaduna state, the epicentre of post-election violence earlier this year.
    (AFP, 12/20/11)
2011        Dec 20, Palestinian foreign affairs minister Riyad Al Maliki signed a free trade agreement with the Mercosur trade group during the organization's presidential summit in Uruguay.
    (AFP, 12/20/11)
2011        Dec 20, Papua New Guinea’s governor general Michael Ogio reversed course and threw his weight behind the government of Peter O’Neill.
    (SFC, 12/21/11, p.A7)
2011        Dec 20, Philippines’ President Benigno Aquino flew to Mindanao to survey the devastation by air, coordinate the relief effort. Some 1249 were killed after tropical storm Washi lashed the southern island of Mindanao.
    (AFP, 12/20/11)(AP, 12/27/11)
2011        Dec 20, In Senegal suspected rebels from the separatist Casamance region left 13 people dead in the enclaved region.
    (AFP, 12/20/11)
2011        Dec 20, In Somalia 200 troops from Djibouti arrived in Mogadishu to join the African Union force that helps protect the government and fight Islamist insurgents.
    (AP, 12/20/11)
2011        Dec 20, In South Africa Julius Malema (30), the suspended youth leader of the ruling African National Congress, was elected to a senior party post by members in his home province of Limpopo.
    (AFP, 12/20/11)
2011        Dec 20, Sudanese riot police used batons to beat youths shouting anti-regime slogans in support of residents displaced by the giant Merowe dam.
    (AFP, 12/20/11)
2011        Dec 20, Syrian state-run news agency SANA said President Bashar Assad has issued a new law under which anyone found guilty of distributing weapons with the aim of committing "terrorist acts" would be sentenced to death. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said Assad's forces carried out a "massacre" by killing some 110 civilians in the northwestern town of Kfar Owaid. 12 more people were killed in Homs. In addition, at least 100 army deserters were killed or wounded over the last 24 hours in Idlib. 14 security force members were killed in southern Daraa province. An Arab League official said an advance team will arrive in Syria this week to prepare for an observer mission as a possible step toward solving the crisis. 5 Iranian engineers working at a power plant project in Homs were abducted.
    (AP, 12/20/11)(AFP, 12/21/11)(AP, 12/22/11)(Econ, 1/28/12, p.47)
2011        Dec 20, Turkish police detained 48 people, including journalists, as part of a growing investigation into a Kurdish group that prosecutors accuse of links to Kurdish rebels.
    (AP, 12/20/11)(AP, 12/24/11)
2011        Dec 20, In Uruguay a hotel maid found the body of Ivan Heyn (34), Argentina’s deputy foreign commerce secretary. He was there for  the Mercosur summit.
    (AP, 12/21/11)

2011        Dec 21, The Obama administration issued the first US standards to cut mercury and other toxic emissions from coal-fired power plants.
    (SFC, 12/22/11, p.A9)
2011        Dec 21, The US government said it is suspending training for new Peace Corps volunteers in the Central American nations of Guatemala and El Salvador while it assesses security concerns. It was also decided to pull all volunteers from Honduras.
    (AP, 12/21/11)(AP, 1/18/12)
2011        Dec 21, It was reported that California Watch has found repeated violations over the past year by Prime Healthcare Services for aggressive billing to Medicare.
    (SFC, 12/21/11, p.A1)
2011        Dec 21, Operators ran the first train down Afghanistan's first major railroad, clearing the way for a long-awaited service from the northern border that should speed up the US military's crucial supply flow and become a hub for future trade. Uzbekistan's state-owned SE Sogdiana Trans will run the commercial train service.
    (AP, 12/21/11)
2011        Dec 21, In eastern Afghanistan a roadside bomb blast killed five Polish soldiers in Ghazni province. Afghan police shot dead a would-be suicide bomber before he was able to attack a police station in Khost province.
    (AP, 12/21/11)
2011        Dec 21, Bosnia police and local media reported that as Monika Ilic, a Bosnian Serb woman suspected of such brutal crimes against non-Serbs at the beginning of the 1992-95 Bosnian war, has been detained. Her victims reportedly called her the "Female Monster." Ilic was reportedly 18 when she married Goran Jelisic, a convicted murderer and concentration camp torturer.
    (AP, 12/21/11)
2011        Dec 21, Cambodia and Thailand announced an agreement in principle to withdraw troops from a border area where a territorial dispute triggered deadly clashes.
    (AP, 12/21/11)
2011        Dec 21, In China villagers of Wukan gave up their protests over land confiscations after the Guangdong party leadership promised to look into their complaints. On Jan 15, 2012, protest leader Lin Zuluan was appointed as the village’s new party chief.
    (Econ, 1/28/12, p.24)
2011        Dec 21, Human Rights Watch released a report stating CongoDRC security forces had killed at least 24 people and "arbitrarily" arrested dozens more since Kabila's disputed victory was announced December 9.
    (AFP, 12/22/11)
2011        Dec 21, In Egypt voting in election runoffs for the first parliament since Hosni Mubarak's ouster resumed without the long lines outside polling centers seen in previous rounds of the staggered vote.
    (AP, 12/21/11)
2011        Dec 21, An Ethiopian court convicted Swedish journalists Martin Schibbye and Johan Persson of supporting a terrorist group and entering the country illegally, with the prosecution calling for a maximum sentence of 18 years and six months. On Dec 27 a court  sentenced the two journalists to 11 years in prison on charges of supporting terrorism.
    (AFP, 12/22/11)(AP, 12/27/11)
2011        Dec 21, Finnish officials said they have found around 160 tons of explosives and 69 surface-to-air Patriot missiles on a cargo ship bearing a British flag and ultimately destined for China. They didn't know the origin of the missiles or who was supposed to receive them.
    (AP, 12/21/11)
2011        Dec 21, Hong Kong health workers began slaughtering 17,000 chickens after a carcass was found infected with bird flu at a poultry market.
    (SFC, 12/22/11, p.A2)
2011        Dec 21, In Indonesia 4 people were killed but 100 rescued when an overloaded boat sank. The wooden boat was carrying villagers returning home for the Christmas holidays.
    (AFP, 12/21/11)
2011        Dec 21, Iraq's PM Nouri al-Maliki said he has granted a six-month extension on a deadline to close Camp Ashraf, which has housed Iranian exiles for decades. The six-month extension started in November. He also said the UN would relocate 400 to 800 of the residents to other countries by end of December. Al-Maliki also told Kurdish authorities to hand over Sunni vice president Tariq Al-Hashemi, who fled to the semiautonomous region to escape an arrest warrant on charges he ran hit squads targeting government officials.
    (AP, 12/21/11)(SFC, 12/22/11, p.A4)
2011        Dec 21, Jamaican investigators found the severed head and bullet-riddled body of Navardo Hodges of the Clansman gang, a man they believe was a high-ranking member of a notorious drug-and-extortion gang known for beheading victims.
    (AP, 12/22/11)
2011        Dec 21, In Mexico Veracruz state spokeswoman Gina Dominguez said 800 police officers and 300 administrative employees have been laid off an effort to root out corruption. She said they can still apply for state police jobs but must meet stricter standards. In the meantime the Navy will take over.
    (AP, 12/21/11)
2011        Dec 21, A blast in Myanmar's commercial hub and former capital Yangon killed one woman and wounded another.
    (AFP, 12/21/11)
2011        Dec 21, Shell, the major oil producer in Nigeria, said an oil spill a day earlier likely occurred as workers tried to offload oil onto a waiting tanker. Shell estimated the Bonga spill likely was less than 40,000 barrels, or 1.68 million gallons. The oil slick affected 115 miles (185 km) of ocean along Nigeria's coast.
    (AP, 12/22/11)(AFP, 7/17/12)
2011        Dec 21, The opposition Syrian National Council urged the UN Security Council and Arab League to hold emergency meetings after regime forces "massacred" more than 200 people in two days.
    (AP, 12/21/11)
2011        Dec 21, In southeast Turkey a passenger bus collided with a truck on a single lane road, killing 25 people.
    (AP, 12/21/11)
2011        Dec 21, The UN tribunal for Rwanda handed life sentences to Matthieu Ngirumpatse and Edouard Karemera, former heads of the ex-ruling party, for genocide crimes committed in 1994.
    (AFP, 12/21/11)
2011        Dec 21, Marie-Claire Mukeshimana (43), a Rwandan woman convicted in absentia by a court in her country for her role in the 1994 genocide, arrived in Kigali after being extradited from the US. She was sentenced in 2009 to 19 years in prison for complicity in the killing of several children who had sought refuge at a convent in southern Rwanda.
    (AFP, 12/22/11)
2011        Dec 21, In South Africa the Limpopo branch of the African National Congress adopted controversial plans for the expropriation of land and the nationalization of mines. It said compensation must be paid not on the land itself but only on improvements.
    (AFP, 12/21/11)
2011        Dec 21, In Yemen overnight fighting against al-Qaida-linked fighters in the south killed 10 of the militants and five soldiers outside Zinjibar. Abdel-Rahman al-Wahishi, brother of Yemen's al-Qaida leader, was among dozens of people killed in battles raging for days in the south of the country.
    (AP, 12/21/11)(AP, 12/22/11)

2011        Dec 22, US House Speaker John Boehner announced that Republicans have decided to accept a short-term extension of the payroll tax cut, preventing a hike in taxes just nine days before the tax break expires for 160 million Americans.
    (Reuters, 12/22/11)
2011        Dec 22, US regulators approved a Westinghouse next generation nuclear reactor slated for Florida Power and Light’s Turkey Point plant and five other utilities in the Southeast. These would be the first new reactors in the US in 3 decades.
    (SFC, 12/23/11, p.A6)
2011        Dec 22, The US Justice Dept. unsealed a suit against AseraCare Hospice of Texas for fraudulently certifying patients as terminally ill to illegally collect Medicare payments since at least 2007. AseraCare is a subsidiary of Golden Living, which was 99% owned by the Washington State Investment Board, whose investments are managed by Fillmore Capital Partners.
    (SFC, 1/6/12, p.A8)(http://tinyurl.com/7ewsnhv)
2011        Dec 22, In Fort Wayne, Indiana, babysitter and trusted neighbor Michael Plumadore (39) bludgeoned Aliahna Lemmon (9) to death with a brick then dismembered her, hiding her head, hands and feet at his home and dumping the rest of her remains nearby.
    (AP, 12/28/11)
2011        Dec 22, Francisco Morales (52) was arrested in Brownsville, Texas, for posing as a physician and performing procedures using stem cells on patients in Mexico. Three other were later charged in the operation.
    (SFC, 12/29/11, p.A9)
2011        Dec 22, In eastern Afghanistan a NATO service member was killed by a roadside bomb. Insurgents tried to overrun a police checkpoint in western Ghor province. One attacker was killed and three policemen were wounded in the clashes.
    (AP, 12/22/11)(AP, 12/23/11)
2011        Dec 22, Argentina’s Senate gave final approval to a package of laws doubling the penalties for crimes committed with the goal of terrorizing the people or pressuring authorities to take some action. Human rights groups were concerned it will be used to crack down on social protest. The Senate also imposed tough new limits on foreign ownership of farmland, part of a package of laws that give the government much more control over the agricultural industry.
    (AP, 12/22/11)
2011        Dec 22, Bahrain's official news agency said 79 education ministry employees who were dismissed from their jobs during months of protests will get their jobs back by January 1.
    (AP, 12/22/11)
2011        Dec 22, In southern China witnesses said police have begun arresting protesters after two days of violent clashes, as the local government warned against further "illegal" demonstrations.
    (AFP, 12/22/11)
2011        Dec 22, Egypt's military-appointed PM Kamal el-Ganzouri called for national dialogue to resolve the country's political crisis and pleaded for a two-month calm to restore security after weeks of protests and bloodshed. Some 3,000 students from Ain Shams University in Cairo marched after a prayer service for a student killed in the recent clashes. Turnout was light in the second day of voting in run-off elections.
    (AP, 12/22/11)
2011        Dec 22, French officials prepared to decide if thousands of women should have their implants surgically removed. Silicone gel implants, made by a company called Poly Implant Prothese (PIP) which was shut down in 2010, appear to have an unusually high rupture rate and have sparked an investigation in France into possible links to cancer. Fears over the safety of  the breast implants made by PIP spread to Australia, South America and across Europe.
    (Reuters, 12/22/11)
2011        Dec 22, Berlin-based Transparency International published a survey: "Daily Lives and Corruption: Public Opinion in South Asia," which found 62% of south Asians believed corruption had got worse over the past three years, with Indians and Pakistanis the most pessimistic.
    (AFP, 12/22/11)
2011        Dec 22, Indonesian police arrested eight people in connection with an overloaded boat carrying 250 asylum seekers that capsized on Dec 17 en route to Australia, as the confirmed death toll reached 90.
    (AFP, 12/22/11)
2011        Dec 22, In Iraq a wave of at least 14 morning bombings ripped across Baghdad, killing 69 people in the worst violence in Iraq for months. The bombings bore all the hallmarks of al-Qaida's Sunni insurgents. 4 more bombings in the evening killed 3 more people.
    (AP, 12/22/11)(SFC, 12/23/11, p.A3)(AP, 12/27/11)
2011        Dec 22, Italy’s Senate voted to give final approval to a $40 billion austerity and growth package designed to eliminate its budget deficit by 2013.
    (SFC, 12/23/11, p.A2)
2011        Dec 22, Kenyan authorities said they have seized 727 pieces of ivory in a container at the main port of Mombasa in one of the largest hauls of tusks in recent years. The items were wrapped in plastic bags in a container which documents said was destined for Dubai.
    (AFP, 12/22/11)
2011        Dec 22, In Mexico a group of gunmen attacked three passenger buses in the Gulf coast state of Veracruz, killing seven passengers in what authorities said appeared to be a violent robbery spree. 3 US citizens were among the dead.
    (AP, 12/22/11)(AP, 12/23/11)
2011        Dec 22, In Nigeria unrest broke out in the city of Damaturu and two other northeastern cities, Maiduguri and Potiskum, leaving at least six people dead.
    (AFP, 12/23/11)
2011        Dec 22, Pakistan's PM Yousuf Raza Gilani claimed there was a conspiracy to oust the country's civilian government, a sign of growing tension with the army over a secret memo sent to Washington earlier this year asking for help in averting a supposed military coup.
    (AP, 12/22/11)
2011        Dec 22, In Pakistan nearly 3 dozen Taliban fighters attacked a paramilitary fort in the northwest, killing one soldier and kidnapping 15 others. They captured a significant amount of weapons. The bodies of the kidnapped were found on Jan 5.
    (SFC, 1/6/12, p.A4)
2011        Dec 22, The rival Palestinian factions Fatah and Hamas took an important step toward reconciliation, announcing plans for the Islamic militants to join the umbrella group that has overseen two decades of on-and-off peace talks with Israel. Israeli officials reacted with alarm to the emerging agreement.
    (AP, 12/22/11)
2011        Dec 22, Russia’s President Dmitry Medvedev responded to protests over the fraud-tainted election by proposing some reforms to liberalize the political system, but sternly warned that the government won't allow "provocateurs and extremists" to threaten stability.
    (AP, 12/22/11)
2011        Dec 22, In Senegal Barthelemy Dias, the youth leader of the West African country's Socialist party, was attacked by political opponents at his office. Dias was charged with murder on Dec 28 for the political clash that left one person dead and three others wounded. He maintained that he acted in self-defense.
    (AP, 12/29/11)
2011        Dec 22, A rebel spokesman said troops from Sudan's Darfur region have begun moving towards the capital Khartoum, more than three years after they made an unprecedented attack on the capital.
    (AFP, 12/23/11)
2011        Dec 22, In Syria fresh raids and gunfire by government forces killed at least 19 people, most of them in the central city of Homs and northern Idlib province. Arab League delegates traveled to Syria to arrange the deployment of foreign monitors under a plan aimed at ending the regime's deadly 9-month-old crackdown on dissent. A total of 500 observers are planned.
    (AP, 12/22/11)
2011        Dec 22, Turkey's PM Erdogan said his country is recalling its ambassador to France and halting official contact in retaliation for a vote in the French Parliament making it a crime to deny the 1915 mass killings of Armenians was a genocide. The bill, just passed in France's lower house, still needed approval in the Senate.
    (AP, 12/22/11)
2011        Dec 22, In Yemen fighting killed five militants and five soldiers in Zinjibar. Residents reported heavy naval bombardment of the city, near Yemen's southern coast.
    (AP, 12/22/11)

2011        Dec 23, President Barack Obama signed a $1 trillion-plus 2012 spending bill that sets the day-to-day budgets of 10 Cabinet agencies.
    (AP, 12/24/11)
2011        Dec 23, A US federal judge barred high profile Arizona Sheriff Joe Arpaio from detaining people simply for being in the country illegally, in a ruling that faulted the local lawman for enforcing federal immigration law.
    (Reuters, 12/24/11)
2011        Dec 23, The US Justice Dept. rejected South Carolina’s law requiring voters to show photo identification at the polls.
    (SFC, 12/24/11, p.A8)
2011        Dec 23, Police used pepper spray to break up fights among pushing and shoving customers waiting outside a Seattle area mall to buy the first Nike retro Air Jordan basketball shoes as they went on sale in Tukwila.
    (AP, 12/23/11)
2011        Dec 23, Afghanistan's leading human rights activist, Nader Nadery (36), said that President Hamid Karzai has fired him and two others from the government's own rights commission. The claim came as the Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission was working on a landmark report about abuses in the country. Karzai's spokesman said Nadery’s five year term was over and the president did not renew his term.
    (AFP, 12/23/11)
2011        Dec 23, The Afghan Interior Ministry said three civilians have died in an explosion of a truck in the south of the country. The truck appeared to have been transporting a bomb through a town in Takhta Pul district in Kandahar province. An explosion at a coal mine in Baghlan province killed 11 miners. They were all working at the site without government permission.
    (AP, 12/23/11)(AP, 12/24/11)
2011        Dec 23, Bahrain’s security forces firing rubber bullets and tear gas attacked the headquarters of the main Shiite opposition party in Manama after the group challenged a new government ban on its weekly protests. Authorities banned the weekly Friday protests for the first time since emergency laws were lifted in June.
    (AP, 12/23/11)
2011        Dec 23, In China police fired tear gas at hundreds of people and detained a team of Hong Kong journalists in the southern town of Haimen, the scene of violent protests earlier this week. Activist Chen Wei (42) was sentenced to nine years in prison on subversion charges.
    (AFP, 12/23/11)(AP, 12/24/11)
2011        Dec 23, In China Huang Guang, a local forestry official, poisoned a cat meat hotpot shared with billionaire Long Liyuan, who made his fortune running a forestry company in wealthy Guangdong province. On Jan 2 Yangjiang city authorities reported the arrest of Guang.
    (AFP, 1/4/12)
2011        Dec 23, Colombian crime boss Jose Lopez Montero (40), alias "Caracho", surrendered in the city of Villavicencio. A total of 283 other members of his group also turned themselves in over the last 2 days. More than 200 members of the crime ring were soon freed because there were no charges pending against them.
    (AP, 12/23/11)(AP, 12/26/11)
2011        Dec 23, In Colombia a fuel pipeline exploded in the central province of Risaralda, killing at least 7 people, injuring 45 others and destroying homes.
    (AP, 12/23/11)
2011        Dec 23, DR Congo police banned a swearing-in ceremony for opposition leader Etienne Tshisekedi. Police fired tear gas at supporters of the opposition leader who had gathered near a stadium to see him inaugurating himself as president, three days after President Joseph Kabila was sworn in for a second term. Tshisekedi took the oath on a Bible at his home.
    (AFP, 12/23/11)(AP, 12/23/11)(AFP, 12/24/11)
2011        Dec 23, Cuba's supreme governing body pardoned 2,900 prisoners, including some convicted of political crimes, though no mention was made of Alan Gross, a jailed American whose case has become a sticking point between Havana and Washington.
    (AP, 12/23/11)
2011        Dec 23, Several thousand Egyptians rallied in Cairo's central Tahrir Square to denounce violence against protesters, especially outraged by images of women protesters dragged by their hair, beaten and kicked by troops. Thousands turned out for rival protests in Cairo, exposing the widening rifts among Egyptians over the ruling military's handling of transition from Hosni Mubarak's rule.
    (AP, 12/23/11)(AFP, 12/23/11)
2011        Dec 23, It was reported that a herpes virus has decimated oysters along its coast for a 4th straight season. 70-80% of France’s young stock have died this year.
    (SFC, 12/23/11, p.A4)
2011        Dec 23, Hungary’s police detained former PM Ferenc Gyurcsany and several other opposition politicians who were protesting against the government outside Parliament. Government lawmakers were in the process of approving several contentious laws, including a new central bank law that has drawn criticism from the European Union.
    (AP, 12/23/11)
2011        Dec 23, Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad made a visit to Armenia that saw the Islamic republic and its small Christian neighbor sign a series of agreements to boost ties.
    (AFP, 12/23/11)
2011        Dec 23, Mexico said that it seized 229 metric tons of precursor chemicals used to make methamphetamine, the third such huge seizure this month at the Pacific port of Lazaro Cardenas, all of which were bound for a port in Guatemala. Special military forces seized computer files and other data when they detained Felipe Cabrera Sarabia, the security chief of the Sinaloa drug cartel. The attorney general's office in Veracruz said it had found 10 bodies in an area along the border with Tamaulipas after receiving a tip.
    (AP, 12/23/11)(AP, 12/26/11)
2011        Dec 23, The International Criminal Court (ICC) at The Hague freed Rwandan rebel Callixte Mbarushimana and returned him to France after dismissing murder and rape charges against him. He spent 11 months in detention and was the first war crimes suspect to be arrested and freed without trial since the court began work in 2002.
    (AP, 12/23/11)
2011        Dec 23, New Zealand's Christchurch was rocked by a fresh series of powerful earthquakes, sending terrified people fleeing into the streets 10 months after a devastating quake claimed 181 lives. Two shallow quakes of magnitude 5.8 and 5.9 and a series of aftershocks struck as malls were packed with afternoon Christmas shoppers.
    (AFP, 12/23/11)
2011        Dec 23, In Nigeria a fresh round of explosions and gunfire hit the city of Damaturu as authorities battled suspected members of Islamist sect Boko Haram, a day after unrest killed six people.
    (AFP, 12/23/11)
2011        Dec 23, The Pakistani army rejected key findings from a US investigation into American airstrikes last month that killed 24 Pakistani soldiers and said the report was unlikely to repair the severely damaged relationship between the two countries.
    (AP, 12/23/11)(AFP, 1/5/12)
2011        Dec 23, A Russian Soyuz spacecraft arrived at the Int’l. Space Station delivering a Russian, an American and a Dutchman, restoring the permanent crew to six.
    (SFC, 12/24/11, p.A2)
2011        Dec 23, In central Somalia a resident of a refugee camp at Mataban shot and killed three aid workers, including two workers with the UN's World Food Program.
    (AP, 12/23/11)
2011        Dec 23, The Sudanese army killed the leader of the main Darfur rebel group in fighting. Khalil Ibrahim, who led the Darfur-based Justice and Equality Movement, or JEM, was killed during a military offensive in North Kordofan state to retaliate for a deadly rebel attack there a day earlier. Ibrahim and several associates were killed in Wad Banda.
    (AP, 12/25/11)(AP, 1/26/12)
2011        Dec 23, In Syria twin suicide car bomb blasts ripped through an upscale Damascus district, killing 44 people. The blasts went off outside the main headquarters of the General Intelligence Agency and a branch of the military intelligence. Activists reported anti-government protests in several locations across Syria after Friday prayers during which security force shot dead at least eight people, mostly in the restive central province of Homs. 4 people were found dumped on the streets in Houla, also in Homs province.
    (AP, 12/23/11)(AP, 12/24/11)
2011        Dec 23, Turkey responded to French genocide allegations with a charge of its own, accusing France of committing genocide during its colonial occupation of Algeria. He alleged that beginning in 1945, about 15 percent of the population of Algeria was massacred by the French. He also said Algerians were burned in ovens. Most historians contend the Ottoman killings of up to 1.5 million Armenians constituted the first genocide of the 20th century.
    (AP, 12/23/11)

2011        Dec 24, In Ohio a single-engine plane crashed 50 miles southeast of Columbus killing 2 women on board. The pilot died of his injuries a day later.
    (SFC, 12/26/11, p.A7)
2011        Dec 24, A gunman wearing an Afghan soldier’s uniform was killed in a gunfight with US troops at an outpost in Bala Boluk district in southwestern Farah province.
    (AFP, 12/25/11)(AP, 12/26/11)
2011        Dec 24, A boat carrying Haitian migrants sank off Cuba's eastern coast. 38 migrants were killed and 87 others rescued by Cuban civil defense forces.
    (AP, 12/24/11)
2011        Dec 24, In Egypt Islamist parties consolidated earlier gains in the multistage parliamentary elections, winning nearly 70 percent of the seats determined so far. The Muslim Brotherhood said it won around 86 of estimated 180 seats up for grabs in the round, or 47%..
    (AP, 12/24/11)
2011        Dec 24, The French national insurance agency said it will file a criminal complaint against Poly Implant Prothese, the maker of faulty breast implants after authorities agreed to pay women for the removal of tens of thousands of potentially faulty breast implants.
    (SSFC, 12/25/11, p.A6)
2011        Dec 24, In eastern Indonesia 2 people were killed and 10 others injured during a violent protest as some 1,000 people protested to stop a gold mining project by Australia's Arc Exploration Ltd. and Indonesian partner, PT Sumber Mineral Nusantara. Villagers feared the project will destroy their land and threaten forests and water resources.
    (AP, 12/25/11)
2011        Dec 24, In Indonesia a rampaging wild elephant trampled a farmer to death on Sumatra island. Only 3,000 Sumatran elephants are believed to remain in the wild.
    (AP, 12/25/11)
2011        Dec 24, In southern Italy Ettore Bruscella (77) shot and killed three members of a family who owned a laundromat, apparently incensed by a years-long battle over the smoke and fumes emitted by the washing machines in the tiny town of Genzano Di Lucania.
    (AP, 12/24/11)
2011        Dec 24, In Kashmir Bashir Ahmed, a shopkeeper and member of the ruling pro-India National Conference, was shot in the head at close range in Srinagar. A group of paramilitary soldiers opened fire on each other inside a camp in Indian Kashmir, killing three soldiers.
    (AP, 12/24/11)(AP, 12/25/11)
2011        Dec 24, Liberian police  overnight arrested CDC secretary general Acarous Gray, a top official of the main opposition Congress for Democratic Change, as the capital was under curfew after rioting by unpaid government workers.
    (AFP, 12/24/11)
2011        Dec 24, In western Mexico the body of a US teenager, identified as Alexis Uriel Marron (18), was found in the trunk of a burned-out car along with the bodies of two other youths near the village of Quiringuicharo, Michoacan state.
    (AP, 12/27/11)
2011        Dec 24, Nigerian police and a local rights group said the death toll from 2 days of attacks in the north attributed to the Islamist Boko Haram sect could reach 100.
    (AFP, 12/24/11)
2011        Dec 24, A Pakistani Taliban suicide bomber rammed a car filled with explosives into a paramilitary camp in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa's Bannu town killing six soldiers.
    (AP, 12/24/11)
2011        Dec 24, In Russia an estimated 80,000 demonstrators cheered opposition leaders and jeered the Kremlin in the biggest show of outrage yet against PM Vladimir Putin's 12-year rule.
    (AP, 12/24/11)(Econ, 12/31/11, p.36)
2011        Dec 24, In Syria thousands of mourners carrying flags and pictures of the dead took part in a mass funeral for 44 people killed in twin suicide bombings that targeted intelligence agency compounds in Damascus. Shelling in the city of Homs killed at least three people in the Baba Amr district and set several homes and shops ablaze.
    (AP, 12/24/11)
2011        Dec 24, Turkish authorities released an AFP photographer, along with 12 other people who were detained as part of an investigation into a group prosecutors accuse of having links to Kurdish rebels. A court ordered 35 other suspects formally arrested pending trial over their alleged involvement in the Union of Kurdistan Communities.
    (AP, 12/24/11)
2011        Dec 24, In Yemen security forces and backers of embattled President Saleh shot dead at least 9 protesters as they approached Sanaa. Tens of thousands of protesters who set off from the southern city of Taez on Tuesday for the 270-km (170-mile) march to the capital had arrived in Sanaa in mid-afternoon but were blocked in a southern suburb.  Pres. Saleh said he would leave the country for the US to help calm tensions.
    (AFP, 12/24/11)(AP, 12/25/11)(SSFC, 12/25/11, p.A9)

2011        Dec 25, The United States reached a deal to sell $3.48 billion worth of missiles and related technology to the United Arab Emirates, as part of a massive buildup of defense technology among friendly Mideast nations near Iran. The deal was made public on Dec 30.
    (AP, 12/31/11)
2011        Dec 25, The loose-knit hacking movement "Anonymous" claimed to have stolen thousands of credit card numbers and other personal information belonging to clients of US-based security think tank Stratfor.
    (AP, 12/25/11)
2011        Dec 25, In Detroit, Michigan, the bodies of 2 women were found in a burning car trunk. Two other women were found dead in a car trunk on Dec 19. Three of the four women had promoted themselves as escorts through the same website. In May, 2012, James Brown was charged with moving the bodies and arson.
    (SFC, 12/27/11, p.A7)(SSFC, 5/6/12, p.A9)
2011        Dec 25, In Texas 7 people were shot to death in a suburban apartment. A man in a Santa Claus suit shot 6 relatives and himself. They had apparently opened their Christmas gifts and started cleaning up the wrapping paper when they were killed in Grapevine, a suburb of Fort Worth.
    (AP, 12/25/11)(SFC, 12/27/11, p.A7)
2011        Dec 25, In northeastern Afghanistan a suicide bomber attacked a funeral, killing at least 19 people including an MP and wounding dozens of others in Takhar province. In eastern Afghanistan an ISAF service member died after an insurgent attack. Afghan security forces over the last 24 hours killed 30 armed insurgents in various operations around the country in which a number of weapons were found.
    (AFP, 12/25/11)
2011        Dec 25, Anti-whaling activists intercepted Japan's harpoon fleet far north of Antarctic waters, with the help of a military-style drone.
    (AFP, 12/25/11)
2011        Dec 25, China and Japan announced an agreement to let Japan buy Chinese sovereign debt. No sum or timetable was disclosed.
    (Econ, 12/31/11, p.59)
2011        Dec 25, An Egyptian investigative judge ordered the release today of Alaa Abdel-Fattah (30), a prominent blogger detained on Oct 30 by the ruling military, which had accused him of attacking soldiers during deadly clashes in October.
    (AP, 12/25/11)
2011        Dec 25, The Iraqi government and the UN announced an agreement to relocate several thousand Iranian exiles living in Camp Ashraf in northeastern Iraq.
    (AP, 12/26/11)
2011        Dec 25, Sori Yanagi (96), the pioneer of Japan's industrial design, died. His designs for stools and kitchen pots brought the simplicity and purity of Japanese decor into the everyday.
    (AP, 12/26/11)
2011        Dec 25, Mexican soldiers discovered 13 bodies in an abandoned truck in Tamaulipas state along with a message that they were killed in a war between rival drug cartels in the eastern state of Veracruz.
    (AP, 12/25/11)
2011        Dec 25, In Nigeria an explosion, claimed by Muslim extremists, ripped through a Catholic church during Mass killing at least 35 people at the St. Theresa Catholic Church in Madalla, near the capital, Abuja. The toll soon rose to 44 as more people died of their injuries. In Jos a second explosion struck near a Mountain of Fire and Miracles Church. Gunmen later opened fire on police guarding the area, killing one police officer. 2 explosions struck the northeastern city of Damaturu. The bomber targeted a senior military commander and killed three officers in the attack.
    (AP, 12/25/11)(AFP, 12/26/11)(AFP, 12/30/11)
2011        Dec 25, In Pakistan over 100,000 people rallied in support of  Imran Khan (59), a cricket hero turned politician, in the port city of Karachi, boosting his image as a rising political force.
    (AFP, 12/25/11)
2011        Dec 25, Prominent Russian opposition activist Sergei Udaltsov, leader of the Left Front, had barely half an hour of freedom before being sentenced to 10 more days in jail, making it the 14th time this year he's been detained.
    (AP, 12/25/11)
2011        Dec 25, Russian and Japanese rescue vessels and a helicopter searched for five people missing in a fierce storm off Russia's east coast after a Cambodia-flagged fishing ship, the Ginga, sank early in the day. 3 bodies were recovered from the icy waters of the La Perouse Strait, between the Sea of Okhotsk and the Sea of Japan.
    (AP, 12/25/11)
2011        Dec 25, In South Sudan a group calling itself the Nuer Youth White Army issued a statement vowing to "wipe out the entire Murle tribe on the face of the earth as the only solution to guarantee long-term security of Nuer's cattle."
    (AFP, 12/26/11)
2011        Dec 25, In Sri Lanka British tourist and Red Cross aid worker Khuram Shaikh (32) was murdered and his Russian girlfriend raped at the southern tourist resort of Tangalle. In 2014 Sampath Vidanapathirana, a ruling party politician, and three others were convicted and sentenced to 20 years in prison.
    (SFC, 7/19/14, p.A2)
2011        Dec 25, Sudanese riot police and university students battled in central Khartoum after students staged an exam boycott.
    (AFP, 12/25/11)
2011        Dec 25, The Vinalines Queen disappeared on Christmas Day after passing the island of Luzon in the Philippines. The Vietnamese ship had capsized, apparently without sending a distress signal. A Vietnamese seaman survived five days floating in open ocean with only a life jacket for protection after his cargo ship sank and all his 22 crew mates died. The ship was carrying more than 54,000 tons of nickel ore and was traveling from Indonesia to China when it lost contact. Global ship owners association Intercargo issued a statement in December 2010 warning of the hazards of transporting nickel ore which, it said, may liquefy and cause a ship to list if not loaded to international standards.
    (AFP, 12/30/11)
2011        Dec 25, In Yemen tens of thousands of people demonstrated in Sanaa against the deaths of protesters and demanding the resignation of Vice President Hadi for failing to bring the killers to justice.
    (AP, 12/25/11)
2011        Dec 25, In Zimbabwe a pleasure boat capsized at Lake Chivero, drowning 11 of 19 people, most of them children.
    (AP, 12/26/11)

2011        Dec 26, In London thousands of shoppers seeking post-Christmas bargains were delayed, but not deterred, by a subway strike that shut down parts of the network. Seydou Diarrassouba (18), was stabbed to death in front of horrified shoppers during a fight between two groups of youths on London's Oxford Street. 11 people were arrested the next day in relation to the fatal stabbing. 3 more people were arrested on Dec 31.
    (AP, 12/26/11)(AFP, 12/28/11)(AFP, 12/31/11)
2011        Dec 26, Anuj Bidve (23), an Indian student, was gunned down at point blank range as he walked with friends near their hotel in Salford, England. A boy (17) was soon arrested on suspicion of murder after a warrant was executed in the Salford area. 4 more people, including 2 teens, were soon arrested in relation to the murder. On Dec 2 Kiaran Stapleton (20), accused of the shooting, identified himself in court as “Psycho Stapleton." On July 26, 2012, Stapleton was convicted of murder. The next day he was sentenced to life in prison.
    (AFP, 12/27/11)(Reuters, 12/26/11)(AP, 12/28/11)(AFP, 12/29/11)(AFP, 1/2/12)(AFP, 7/27/12)
2011        Dec 26, A British-registered ship, the M/S Thor Liberty, held in a Finnish port after authorities discovered 69 surface-to-air missiles and 160 tons of explosives onboard, received permission to travel again, but without those materials or its captain. The Patriot missiles were an official shipment from Germany to South Korea. Finnish authorities said the explosives were a legitimate shipment for China, but the missiles lacked proper transit documents, and the explosives weren't safely stored. On Jan 4 the Finnish government authorized the transport.
    (AP, 12/26/11)(AP, 1/4/12)
2011        Dec 26, China's biggest milk producer, Mengniu Dairy Group, said it has destroyed a batch found to have excessive levels of a cancer-causing toxin, in another safety scare for the country's dairy industry. The problem was reportedly discovered before the milk containing high levels of aflatoxin was sold to the public. An expert review identified the mildewed feed as the cause of the excessive levels of aflatoxin in milk.
    (AP, 12/26/11)(AP, 12/27/11)
2011        Dec 26, In Colombia officials in Medellin inaugurated a giant, $6.7 million outdoor escalator for residents of one of its poorest neighborhoods. It provided the 12,000 residents of Comuna 13 a free ride up and down their steep hillside.
    (AP, 12/26/11)
2011        Dec 26, In Grenada Oscar Bartholomew (39) of Toronto, was beaten into a coma after he mistook a plainclothes female police officer for a friend and lifted her for a hug in front of a police station. Bartholomew was visiting family on the island and died the next day. Officers Kenton Hazzard and Wendell Sylvester were detained on Dec 29. On Jan 1, 2012, police officers Edward Gibson, Shaun Ganness and Ruddy Felix were also arrested and charged in the beating death.
    (AP, 1/1/12)
2011        Dec 26, In Guinea-Bissau soldiers demanding better pay attacked the headquarters of the armed forces and fanned out across the streets of the small west African state's capital as the country's president was undergoing treatment in France.
    (AFP, 12/26/11)
2011        Dec 26, India's Tata Motors offered to replace the starter motor on all old Nano models, but said the move was not related to safety concerns surrounding the world's cheapest car.
    (AFP, 12/26/11)
2011        Dec 26, An Iraqi Shiite militia group said it would join the political process. The Asaib Ahel al-Haq, or League of the Righteous, was behind the kidnap of a British consultant and his four bodyguards, and has been blamed for the killing of US troops. A suicide bomber set off a car bomb at a checkpoint leading to the Iraqi Interior Ministry, killing seven people and injuring 32 others. A roadside bomb hit a passing army patrol in the Abu Ghraib area west of Baghdad, killing two soldiers and injuring two others.
    (AFP, 12/26/11)(AP, 12/26/11)
2011        Dec 26, Extra Israeli police patrolled the streets of a small town near Jerusalem after a campaign by ultra-Orthodox Jews to segregate men and women erupted into violence.
    (AFP, 12/26/11)
2011        Dec 26, In Ivory Coast 4 people were killed and 15 were injured in inter-ethnic clashes near the economic capital Abidjan. The violence erupted when an Abidji youth clashed with a soldier of the Republican Forces of Ivory Coast (FRCI) and was killed in Sikensi.
    (AFP, 12/26/11)
2011        Dec 26, Kazakhstan's President Nursultan Nazarbayev sacked his billionaire son-in-law, Timur Kulibayev, from his post as head of the sovereign wealth fund.
    (Econ, 12/31/11, p.26)
2011        Dec 26, Mexican medical officials said five recovering drug addicts died and dozens of others were sickened by soy sausage served for Christmas dinner at a rehabilitation center in Guadalajara. 37 people remained hospitalized.
    (AP, 12/27/11)
2011        Dec 26, In South Africa 19 people were killed when an overtaking car smashed head-on into a minibus taxi in central Free State.
    (AP, 12/27/11)
2011        Dec 26, In Syria intense shelling by government forces was reported in the center of the country, just hours before the Arab League monitoring teams were to arrive. Security forces killed at least 42 people, most of them in Homs.
    (AP, 12/26/11)(AP, 12/27/11)
2011        Dec 26, Yemen's military agreed to replace Maj. Gen. Ali al-Shater, a commander accused of corruption, apparently settling a brief strike by 1,000 soldiers. Yemeni soldiers battled al-Qaida-linked militants outside the southern city of Zinjibar, which remains partly under the control of the Islamists. Five soldiers and four fighters were killed.
    (AP, 12/26/11)

2011        Dec 27, Sears Holdings Corp. said it will close up to 120 stores in its Kmart and namesake chains, blaming poor sales of consumer electronics so far this holiday season and saying it would focus its energy on its better performing stores.
    (Reuters, 12/27/11)
2011        Dec 27, China announced a cut in its rare earths export quota as it tries to shore up sagging prices for the exotic metals used in mobile phones and other high-tech goods.
    (AP, 12/27/11)
2011        Dec 27, Colombian FARC rebels announced plans to release six hostages who have been held captive for more than a decade. They included police officers Jorge Trujillo, Jorge Romero and Jose Libardo Forero, who were kidnapped in southern Colombia on July 11, 1999.
    (AP, 12/27/11)
2011        Dec 27, An Egyptian court ordered the Egyptian army to stop forced virginity tests on female detainees, months after the practice sparked a national outcry and stained the ruling military's reputation.
    (AFP, 12/27/11)
2011        Dec 27, Guinea Bissau's army clashed with renegade forces overnight, leaving at least two dead as they combed the capital for suspects after thwarting an alleged coup attempt. Navy Chief Jose Americo Bubo Na Tchuto, who has previously been accused of involvement in coup plans and in the drugs trade, was arrested for plotting a coup. Tchuto and 18 other co-accused were released on June 20, 2012.
    (AFP, 12/27/11)(AFP, 6/21/12)
2011        Dec 27, UN human rights officials in Haiti issued a report accusing the national police department of excessive force, saying there is evidence officers may have killed at least nine people in the capital.
    (AP, 12/27/11)
2011        Dec 27, Hungarian media officials say two employees, who have been on hunger strike for over two weeks in protest at alleged political meddling with journalists' work in state-funded media, have been fired. The state Media Service Support and Asset Management Fund (MTVA, said that Balazs Nagy Navarro and Aranka Szavuly were dismissed because their fast — in which they have only been ingesting liquids since Dec. 10 — is illegal and a "provocation" of their employer.
    (AP, 12/27/11)
2011        Dec 27, India and Pakistan tentatively agreed to renew an agreement designed to reduce the risk of an accidental nuclear war.
    (SFC, 12/28/11, p.A2)
2011        Dec 27, In eastern Indonesia mudflows streaming from a volcano killed four villagers and about 1,000 others have fled their homes. Mount Gamalama in the Molucca Islands sprang to life this month with a powerful, non-fatal eruption.
    (AP, 12/28/11)
2011        Dec 27, Iran warned that it would block the Strait of Hormuz if Western powers attempt to impose an embargo on Iranian petroleum exports in their effort to isolate the country over its suspect nuclear energy program.
    (SFC, 12/28/11, p.A2)
2011        Dec 27, In Iraq a car bomb exploded near a police station in the town of Hawija, 150 miles (240 km) north of Baghdad, killing two civilians and injuring another.
    (AP, 12/27/11)
2011        Dec 27, Israeli strikes overnight killed a Palestinian and wounded 10 others, as the military struck what it described as "global jihad" targets who were planning cross-border attacks on southern Israel from the Egyptian Sinai.
    (AFP, 12/29/11)(AFP, 12/30/11)
2011        Dec 27, Kuwait's public prosecutor released 32 stateless people on bail after holding them for nine days for taking part in a protest to demand citizenship.
    (AFP, 12/27/11)
2011        Dec 27, Mexican police in the northern state of Nuevo Leon said that information provided by arrested members of a kidnapping gang has led them to at least seven bodies found buried in shallow graves or dumped in a well. The Attorney General's Office said that former regional police security coordinator Herrera Valles, arrested in 2008 for aiding the Sinaloa drug cartel, has been convicted and sentenced to 10 years in prison. Federal police detained one of the United States' most-wanted drug traffickers, Luis Rodriguez Olivera, aka "Blondie," at Mexico City's international airport.
    (AP, 12/27/11)(AP, 12/28/11)
2011        Dec 27, In southern Nigeria attackers threw homemade explosives inside an Islamic school in a predominantly Christian city where some 50 children had gathered for an Arabic class, wounding six pupils and a teacher in Delta state. Gunmen in a late night attack shot dead a three-year-old girl and her parents near the volatile central city of Jos. The attackers were suspected to be Fulani tribesmen, a mostly Muslim group which has been blamed for previous raids on the village.
    (AP, 12/28/11)
2011        Dec 27, The governor of Puerto Rico signed 4 laws that he said will help track suspects and provide aid to crime victims as the island struggles with a record number of killings.
    (AP, 12/27/11)
2011        Dec 27, Somali pirates hijacked the Enrica Ievoli, an Italian ship carrying 15,000 tons of caustic soda from Iran to Turkey. A ransom was paid on April 22, 2012, and the 18 crew members and ship were freed.
    (AP, 5/1/12)
2011        Dec 27, Syria's army suspended days of attacks on the restive city of Homs and began withdrawing its tanks just as Arab League monitors visited the area. The Sudanese head of the mission to Syria, Gen. Mohamed Ahmed Mustafa al-Dabi, was leading the team of at least 12 observers to Homs. Security forces shot dead two people in the Damascus suburb of Douma, one in the southern province of Daraa and one in the northwestern province of Idlib. The Local Coordination Committees (LCC) said 23 people were killed, including six in Homs. A student at Damascus University opened fire with a pistol inside a classroom at the medical department killing one student and wounding four. He was said to be a former anti-regime detainee who had been recently beaten by the pro-regime students, including the one he shot dead.
    (AP, 12/27/11)

2011        Dec 28, The US State Dept. said Congress has freed up a little more than 20 percent of $187 million in US assistance to the Palestinians that had been frozen over the Palestinian bid for UN membership.
    (AP, 12/29/11)
2011        Dec 28, A spokeswoman said the commander of the Guantanamo Bay prison has signed an order that would require a security review of legal mail to prisoners facing war crimes charges, rejecting arguments the new rule would violate attorney-client privilege and undermine long-delayed tribunals for five men charged in the Sept. 11 attacks.
    (AP, 12/28/11)
2011        Dec 28, Two out-of-state doctors who traveled to Maryland to perform late-term abortions were arrested and charged with multiple counts of murder. Dr. Steven Brigham, of Voorhees, N.J., was taken into custody and held in the Camden County jail. Authorities also arrested Dr. Nicola Riley in Salt Lake City. Each was awaiting an extradition hearing.
    (AP, 12/31/11)
2011        Dec 28, In New Jersey Patrick Lott appeared in court for videotaping teenage boys at Immaculata High School in Somerville for nearly 3 years.
    (SFC, 12/29/11, p.A4)
2011        Dec 28, Bosnia’s six main parties managed to form a new government.
    (Econ, 1/7/12, p.45)
2011        Dec 28, In China police in Xinjiang province opened fire and killed seven suspects, and wounded and arrested four others. The Xinjiang government said that a "violent terrorist group" had kidnapped two people in the northwestern region's remote Pishan county, prompting a stand-off with police. An exile group, described the incident as a protest by local Uighurs prompted by mounting discontent over a police crackdown and religious repression in the area.
    (AFP, 12/29/11)
2011        Dec 28, Colombian authorities said seven soldiers have been charged in the killing of a comrade who had deserted. In 2006 the troops reported they had killed a rebel in combat near the northern town of Majagual. Investigators determined the victim wasn't a rebel but rather a soldier who had deserted from the same infantry unit.
    (AP, 12/29/11)
2011        Dec 28, Greek authorities jailed Abbot Efraim (55), the abbot of a 1,000-year-old Greek Orthodox monastery, pending trial for his alleged key role in a land swap with the state that blew up into a major political scandal. Investigators have said the deal was weighted in favor of Vatopedi Monastery and cost taxpayers about euro100 million ($131 million).
    (AP, 12/28/11)
2011        Dec 28, Guinea-Bissau security forces executed police officer Major Yaya Dabo as he turned himself in over his role in what the regime describes as a coup bid.
    (AFP, 12/30/11)
2011        Dec 28, In southern Kyrgyzstan a Soviet-built jet operated by a Kyrgyz carrier broke its wing, overturned and caught fire as it tried to land in deep fog in Osh, leaving 31 people injured.
    (AP, 12/28/11)
2011        Dec 28, Mauritania issued an international warrant for the arrest of Moustapha Ould Limam Chavi (53), an opponent of President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz, for supporting terror groups in the Sahel region. Chafi soon announced plans to sue the president for defamation.
    (AFP, 12/28/11)(AFP, 12/30/11)
2011        Dec 28, Senegal's army said that five soldiers who went missing after a rebel attack last week in the troubled southern Casamance region were being held by separatist rebels.
    (AFP, 12/28/11)
2011        Dec 28, Spain's scandal-hit royals revealed their detailed income for the first time, showing King Juan Carlos received a salary plus expenses of €292,752 ($382,600) in 2011.
    (AFP, 12/28/11)
2011        Dec 28, Syrian security forces reportedly fired guns and tear gas at thousands of anti-government protesters in the central city of Hama and killed at least six people. At least four soldiers were killed in an ambush carried out by a group of military defectors in the country's south. Activists said two people died in the Baba Amr district of Homs. The Syrian government released 755 prisoners detained over the past nine months in the regime's crackdown on dissent as observers toured a flashpoint city to see whether authorities were complying with an Arab plan to stop the bloodshed that has killed thousands.
    (AP, 12/28/11)
2011        Dec 28, Turkish warplanes killed at least 34 people and 59 mules in an air strike on the Iraq border in an attack which a pro-Kurdish political party described as a "massacre" of civilians. Ankara's joint military command said in a statement that its jets bombed an area inside Iraq "regularly used" by PKK rebels. Those killed were smugglers aged 18-28, who routinely brought in Iraqi fuel and cigarettes with the full knowledge of local authorities. On Jan 2 Turkey said it will compensate the families of the civilians mistakenly killed in the airstrike in Uludere township.
    (AFP, 12/29/11)(AP, 1/3/12)(Econ, 1/7/12, p.46)(Econ, 6/9/12, p.59)(Econ, 5/9/15, p.49)
2011        Dec 28, In Yemen labor strikes spread through the country as workers demanded reforms and dismissal of managers over alleged corruption linked to the outgoing president. A civilian was shot dead in a shootout between the Republican Guard and gunmen loyal to dissident tribal chief Sadiq al-Ahmar.
    (AP, 12/28/11)(AFP, 12/28/11)

2011        Dec 29, The Obama administration announced an arms deal with Saudi Arabia valued at nearly $30 billion. It included 84 F-15 fighter jets.
    (SFC, 12/30/11, p.A5)
2011        Dec 29, The California Supreme Court handed down a decision to dissolve redevelopment agencies across the state.
    (Fog Cutter, Spring, 2012, p.2)
2011        Dec 29, Minnesota based Sunrise Community Banks apologized for shutting the accounts of money transfer shops handling Somalia-related business. It called for unspecified government remedies to allow them to continue the business. The association of three banks, announced in early December that it would close the accounts of a dozen or so money transfer shops serving an estimated 30,000 Somalis in the region.
    (AFP, 12/30/11)
2011        Dec 29, Crawford Shaw, of Bedford, NY, claimed a multimillion dollar Iowa Lottery prize on behalf of a trust, less than two hours before it expired. He later identified the recipient only as a corporation in the country of Belize. On Jan 26, Shaw withdrew his claim on the prize just as mysteriously as he has made it. The payout for the prize would have been $7.5 million cash, or $10.3 million spread over 25 years after taxes.
    (AP, 1/27/12)
2011        Dec 29, Virginia Republican Gov. Robert McDonnell signed off on state rules to regulate abortion clinics like hospitals.
    (SFC, 12/30/11, p.A8)
2011        Dec 29, Verizon said it will start charging a $2 “convenience fee" for every payment subscribers make over the phone or online services with their credit cards, effective Jan 15. Verizon retracted the decision the next day following a storm of criticism.
    (SFC, 12/30/11, p.C2)(Reuters, 12/30/11)
2011        Dec 29, A man dressed in Afghan army fatigues shot dead two French soldiers. The Taliban claimed responsibility, saying the soldier joined the army in order to carry out his attack in Kapisa province. A roadside bomb killed 10 Afghan police returning from a recruitment center in Helmand province. Another roadside bombing killed a local police commander in the southern province of Kandahar.
    (AFP, 12/29/11)(AFP, 12/30/11)
2011        Dec 29, Reynaldo Bignone (85), Argentina's last dictator (1982-83), was convicted of more crimes against humanity, this time getting 15 years in prison for setting up a secret torture center inside a hospital during the 1976 military coup. Also convicted were SWAT team leader Luis Muina (57), and a former air force brigadier, Hipolito Rafael Mariani (85).
    (AP, 12/30/11)
2011        Dec 29, China executed 12 people today, including a man who bombed a local tax office. Liu Zhuiheng had been convicted and sentenced to death for detonating explosives outside a tax office in Changsha city in Hunan province in July, 2010. The attack left 4 people killed and 17 others wounded.
    (AP, 12/29/11)
2011        Dec 29, Egyptian soldiers and police stormed non-governmental organization offices throughout the country, banning employees inside from leaving while they interrogated them and searched through computer files. At least 18 offices were targeted in the raid. A court acquitted five policemen of charges of killing five protesters and wounding six others during the 18-day uprising that toppled Hosni Mubarak's longtime regime.
    (AP, 12/29/11)
2011        Dec 29, In Indonesia a mob led by Sunni fanatics torched Shia property in eastern Java. Local police did nothing to protect the minority Shias.
    (Econ, 1/21/12, p.52)
2011        Dec 29, In Iran a website belonging to Iran's former president Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, who has criticized the current regime, was shut down.
    (AFP, 12/30/11)
2011        Dec 29, Italian PM Mario Monti announced a series of measures designed to relaunch the country’s struggling economy.
    (SFC, 12/30/11, p.A7)
2011        Dec 29, Jamaica held parliamentary elections. The candidate of the ruling center-right Jamaica Labor Party, Andrew Holness (39), was the youngest prime minister in Jamaica's history. The top opposition candidate, Portia Simpson Miller (66) has been a stalwart of the People's National Party since the 1970s. Voters threw out the ruling party and delivered a landslide triumph to the opposition People's National Party (PNP), whose campaign energetically tapped voter disillusionment especially among the numerous struggling poor.
    (AP, 12/29/11)
2011        Dec 29, Kenyan troops clashed with Somalia's Al-Qaeda linked Shebab militants leaving several dead, the latest casualties in weeks of dragging conflict in southern Somalia.
    (AFP, 12/30/11)
2011        Dec 29, In Myanmar a fire followed by several explosions engulfed many state warehouses and neighboring homes, killing at least 16 people and injuring 108 in the main city of Yangon.
    (AP, 12/29/11)
2011        Dec 29, North Korea's power brokers publicly declared Kim Jong Un the country's supreme leader for the first time at a massive public memorial for his father, cementing the family's hold on power for another generation.
    (AP, 12/29/11)
2011        Dec 29, In southwestern Pakistan gunmen killed police Surgeon Baqir Shah in Quetta. He had received threats for his role in investigating the deaths of five foreigners at the hands of security forces earlier this year.
    (AP, 12/29/11)
2011        Dec 29, Palestinian militants fired two rockets at southern Israel, after Israeli warplanes attacked "terror sites" overnight inside the Gaza Strip.
    (AFP, 12/29/11)
2011        Dec 29, In Puerto Rico FBI agent Daniel Knapp (43) drowned after trying to rescue a swimmer in distress at Hidden Beach in the coastal city of Fajardo.
    (AP, 12/30/11)
2011        Dec 29, At midnight Samoa leaped to Dec 31 to align itself with trading partners in its South Pacific region. For the country’s 186,000 citizens, Dec 30 will simply not exist.
    (SFC, 12/29/11, p.A2)
2011        Dec 29, Industry sources said Saudi Arabia's state oil company Aramco was seeking to buy fuel in order to donate about 500,000 tons of products to Yemen in January.
    (Reuters, 12/31/11)
2011        Dec 29, In Somalia a disgruntled former employee shot at least two international workers from the aid group Doctors Without Borders at the group's office in Mogadishu. Philippe Havet (53) from Belgium and Andrias Karel Keiluhu (44) from Indonesia were killed.
    (AP, 12/29/11)(AP, 12/30/11)
2011        Dec 29, Sudanese air raids killed 17 people in the South Sudan border state of Western Bahr al-Ghazal, the second day of stepped-up bombing along the northern frontier.
    (AFP, 12/29/11)
2011        Dec 29, Syrian security forces opened fire on tens of thousands protesting outside a mosque in a Damascus suburb, close to a municipal building that members of the Arab League monitoring mission were visiting. Activists said at least four people were killed. The British-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said a total of 16 people have been shot by security forces and killed so far today, most of them in several suburbs of Damascus.
    (AP, 12/29/11)
2011        Dec 29, In Venezuela a PDVSA tanker truck filled with gasoline crashed and burst into flames, engulfing several cars and a bus. 15 people were killed.
    (AP, 12/29/11)(Econ, 2/18/12, p.38)
2011        Dec 29, In Yemen fellow security officers shot and killed one of the protesting officers in Sanaa. Five others were wounded when forces attempted to clear out a sit-in by several hundred police at their barracks. The police were demanding the removal of top Interior Ministry officials whom they accuse of corruption and ties to Saleh's regime.
    (AP, 12/30/11)

2011        Dec 30, Afghan security forces took control of Nad Ali, Nawa and Marjah as part of the second wave of security transition. A roadside bomb killed four civilians in Uruzgan province. A suicide bomber and his accomplice were killed on a motorbike in Trinkot city. A British ISAF service member was killed by an IED in Helmand province.
    (AFP, 12/30/11)(AFP, 12/31/11)
2011        Dec 30, Thousands of Bahrainis, mostly Shiites, marched in the capital city of Manama to demand the immediate resignation of the government.
    (AP, 12/30/11)
2011        Dec 30, In Britain administrator Deloitte said around 1,600 jobs are to go at shoe retailer Barratts Priceless after attempts to find a buyer for the concessions business failed. The Bradford-based Barratts collapsed into administration earlier this month.
    (Reuters, 12/30/11)
2011        Dec 30, Britain’s National Health Service (NHS) Information Center reported that the use of anti-depressant drugs in England has soared by 28 percent in the past three years, coinciding with the country's fall into recession and the global economic crisis.
    (AFP, 12/30/11)
2011        Dec 30, Ronald Searle (b.1920, British artist and satirical cartoonist, died in France. He survived the notorious Death Railway while a prisoner of war of the Japanese during World War II. He is perhaps best remembered as the creator of St Trinian's School and for his collaboration with Geoffrey Willans on the Molesworth series.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ronald_Searle)(Econ, 1/14/12, p.94)
2011        Dec 30, Chinese prosecutors in the eastern city of Xiamen indicted Lai Changxing for allegedly masterminding a network that smuggled everything from cigarettes to cars and oil and bribed dozens of government workers between 1996 and 1999. Lai became China's most-wanted man after he fled to Canada in 1999 and fought extradition for 12 years until he was deported in July.
    (AP, 12/30/11)
2011        Dec 30, China’s food safety regulator in Shenzhen said it had found excessive levels of aflatoxin in peanuts sold in three stores, and in cooking oil in four restaurants.
    (AFP, 12/31/11)
2011        Dec 30, In northern China Muslim villagers in Taoshan, Ningxia region, clashed with police after their mosque was demolished. At least 2 people were killed. The Hui villagers were part of a Mandarin speaking community of some 10 million descended from Silk Road traders.
    (SFC, 1/4/12, p.A4)
2011        Dec 30, In southern Colombia a bomb exploded at a police station in Orito, killing the wife and son of a police officer and injuring at least six other people.
    (AP, 12/31/11)
2011        Dec 30, The Republic of Congo said it has banned 69 Chinese fishing boats from its waters for illicit activities.
    (AP, 12/30/11)
2011        Dec 30, In India a severe cyclone packing winds of 135 km (83 miles) an hour tore into the southeastern coast. At 42 people died when Cyclone Thane hit coastal southern India near the former French colony of Pondicherry.
    (AFP, 12/30/11)(Reuters, 12/31/11)(AP, 1/1/12)
2011        Dec 30, Israel said its warplanes killed a senior jihadist militant in Gaza thwarting a rocket fire attempt. Palestinians said that Moamen abu-Daff, known locally as a fundamentalist Islamic Salafi militant, was killed in a raid east of Gaza City that also wounded another man.
    (AFP, 12/30/11)
2011        Dec 30, The Maldives government said it has decided to close massage parlors and spas, following an opposition-led religious protest last week calling for their closure. Sunni Islam is the official religion in the Maldives and practicing any other faith is forbidden.
    (AP, 12/30/11)
2011        Dec 30, In Nigeria gunmen killed two civilians in Maiduguri, a town plagued by attacks from a radical Muslim sect.
    (AP, 12/31/11)
2011        Dec 30, In Pakistan a car bomb killed eight people and injured at least 18 others in the southwestern city of Quetta, which is riven by ethic and sectarian violence. 7 more bodies were found in the rubble the next day bringing the death toll to 15.
    (AFP, 12/30/11)(AFP, 12/31/11)
2011        Dec 30, Philippine police arrested a member of an Al-Qaeda-linked extremist group. The suspect allegedly took part in the kidnapping of guests and workers of a resort in the western Philippines in 2001 including an American couple, Martin and Gracia Burnham, and a Chilean-born American, Guillermo Sobero.
    (AFP, 12/30/11)
2011        Dec 30, At midnight on Dec 29 Samoa leaped to Dec 31 to align itself with trading partners. For the country’s 186,000 citizens, Dec 30, 2011 will simply not exist.
    (SFC, 12/29/11, p.A2)
2011        Dec 30, Senegal's Interior Minister Ousmane Ngom banned the carrying of firearms for a period of four months which will include presidential elections, after recent violent political clashes.
    (AFP, 12/30/11)
2011        Dec 30, Spain’s new PM Mariano Rajoy announced tax rises on income, savings and property. The top tax rate will jump 7 points to 52%.
    (Econ, 1/7/12, p.44)
2011        Dec 30, In Sudan all six crewmen aboard a military helicopter were killed when it crash-landed and burned in North Kordofan state.
    (AFP, 12/30/11)
2011        Dec 30, Hundreds of thousands of Syrians poured into the streets across the nation in the largest protests in months, shouting for the downfall of the regime in a defiant display invigorated by the presence of Arab observers. Activists said at least 35 people were killed across the country, most of them shot during anti-government protests. Syrian forces were accused of firing nail bombs to disperse protesters. The rebel Free Syrian Army said it has stopped its offensive against government targets during a month-long mission by Arab League monitors, saying it wants to expose how the regime is killing peaceful protesters. 5 members of the security forces were reported shot dead in a clash in Homs.
    (AP, 12/30/11)(AFP, 12/30/11)(Reuters, 12/31/11)(SFC, 12/31/11, p.A3)
2011        Dec 30, Syria's two largest opposition groups signed an agreement in Cairo on setting up a democracy after President Bashar Assad's regime falls.
    (AP, 12/31/11)
2011        Dec 30, Tens of thousands of Yemenis held demonstrations around the country to demand their longtime president face trial for the killings of hundreds of unarmed protesters in the pro-democracy uprising that began 10 months ago.
    (AP, 12/30/11)

2011        Dec 31, President Barack Obama signed a wide-ranging defense bill into law despite having "serious reservations" about provisions that regulate the detention, interrogation and prosecution of suspected terrorists. The bill also applies penalties against Iran's central bank in an effort to hamper Tehran's ability to fund its nuclear enrichment program.
    (AP, 1/1/12)
2011        Dec 31, The US ended import tariffs and tax credits that have long sheltered ethanol distilled from corn in the US from the same stuff made from sugarcane in Brazil.
    (Econ, 1/7/12, p.57)
2011        Dec 31, A NASA spacecraft, the Gravity Recovery and Interior Laboratory, slipped into orbit around the moon. A 2nd Grail probe was expected to enter orbit the next day. Both were launched last September aboard the same rocket to measure lunar gravity.
    (SSFC, 1/1/12, p.A10)
2011        Dec 31, Police in Beebe, Arkansas, said dozens of blackbirds had fallen dead, prompting officers to ban residents from shooting fireworks. Thousands of dead blackbirds rained down on the town in central Arkansas last New Year's Eve after revelers set off fireworks.
    (AP, 1/1/12)
2011        Dec 31, In NYC dozens of Occupy Wall Street protesters were arrested as they tore down barricades surrounding Zucotti park just before midnight.
    (SFC, 1/2/12, p.A4)
2011        Dec 31, Debra Cook, a former defender of Scientology, wrote an explosive e-mail to the organization’s 12,000 members saying chairman David Miscavige is mismanaging its finances and breaking internal rules.
    (Econ, 1/7/12, p.54)
2011        Dec 31, Basel 2.5, a new set of int’l. rules charging banks higher capital for risks in their trading books, took effect in most European and major world financial jurisdictions.
    (Econ, 1/7/12, p.69)
2011        Dec 31, Afghan child bride, Sahar Gul (15), spoke of how she was tortured by her mother-in-law who locked her in a toilet for six months, beat her, pulled out her fingernails and burned her with cigarettes. She was found in the basement of her husband's house in the northeastern Baghlan province late Dec 26. On May 5, 2012, her in-laws were sentenced to 10 years in prison for torture, abuse and human rights violations.
    (AP, 12/31/11)(AP, 5/5/12)
2011        Dec 31, In Algeria three Islamist militants were killed in the northeastern region of Tizi Ouzou, the scene of frequent attacks by groups affiliated to AQIM.
    (AP, 1/3/12)
2011        Dec 31, In Bahrain Sayed Hashim Saeed (15) died after a tear gas canister fired at close range hit him in the chest.
    (AP, 1/1/12)
2011        Dec 31, Britain's biggest cosmetic surgery chain revealed that rupture rates on allegedly faulty French-made breast implants are seven times higher than previously thought.
    (AFP, 1/1/12)
2011        Dec 31, Chilean authorities said an Israeli tourist has been detained on suspicion of causing a forest fire that has burned more than 42 square miles (11,000 hectares) in the Torres del Paine national park. In 2012 Rotem Singer (23) agreed to pay $10,000 and raise other money to buy 50,000 native trees to replant the park.
    (AP, 12/31/11)(SFC, 2/10/12, p.A2)
2011        Dec 31, In China a bus driver who contracted the bird flu virus died Shenzhen. This was the nation's first reported human case of the deadly disease in 18 months.
    (AFP, 12/31/11)
2011        Dec 31, Ethiopian troops captured Beledweyne, a rebel-held town in central Somalia, leaving at least 18 people dead.
    (Reuters, 12/31/11)(AFP, 12/31/12)
2011        Dec 31, In France Leon Kengo (76), CongoDRC Senate chief, was attacked at the Gare du Nord train station "by bands of those who call themselves 'fighters' close to Etienne Tshisekedi." According to initial reports, Kengo had some teeth knocked out, was trampled underfoot, and rolled on the ground.
    (AFP, 1/1/12)
2011        Dec 31, Georgia’s defense ministry said a Georgian soldier has been killed in Afghanistan, the 11th from the ex-Soviet state to die serving alongside NATO-led forces fighting the Taliban.
    (AFP, 12/31/11)
2011        Dec 31, Iran said it has proposed a new round of talks on its nuclear program with six world powers that have been trying for years to persuade Tehran to freeze aspects of its atomic work that could provide a possible pathway to weapons production.
    (AP, 12/31/11)
2011        Dec 31, In Japan Makoto Hirata (46), a senior member of the doomsday cult behind the 1995 nerve gas attack on Tokyo's subways, surrendered to police. Akemi Saito, also a member of Aum Shinrikyo, was arrested on Jan 10, 2012, for helping him evade police for nearly 17 years. On Jan 20 Hirata was indicted for his role in the abduction and confinement of a follower's relative in 1995.
    (AP, 1/10/12)(AP, 1/20/12)
2011        Dec 31, In Kenya 5 people were killed in a New Year's Eve hand grenade attack and shooting in a bar in the eastern town of Garissa near the border with Somalia. The assailants were described as four men dressed in military uniform.
    (AFP, 1/1/12)
2011        Dec 31, Nigeria's president Goodluck Jonathan declared a state of emergency in parts of the nation, after a recent slew of deadly attacks blamed on a radical Muslim sect killed dozens of people.
    (AP, 12/31/11)
2011        Dec 31, In Pakistan a remote-controlled bomb ripped through a military vehicle killing two Pakistani soldiers at Boya village in North Waziristan.
    (AFP, 12/31/11)
2011        Dec 31, Russian police detained 60 opposition activists to prevent them from protesting on a central Moscow square against the Kremlin's stifling of democratic freedoms.
    (AP, 12/31/11)
2011        Dec 31, In Syria at least six people were killed in attacks on protests, including one in Damascus. Syria's state-run TV said Arab League observers visited the southern city of Daraa and the restive central city of Homs.
    (AP, 12/31/11)
2011        Dec 31, In Yemen Islamist militants fired into the air to halt a peace march by thousands of Yemenis who were demanding an end to fighting that has forced them to flee their homes in the south. Pres. Saleh reversed his decision to leave the country.
    (AP, 12/31/11)(AP, 1/1/12)

2011        Dec, Iranian scientist, Mojtaba Atarodi was taken into in US custody over allegations he bought advanced technological equipment in violation of US sanctions on Iran. In April, 2013, the US released Atarodi, a microchip expert at Tehran's Sharif University.
    (AP, 4/26/13)
2011        Dec, In Alabama a district judge struck down a section of the state anti-immigration law forbidding illegal immigrants from doing business with the state. Other provisions were blocked in September and October.
    (Econ, 1/28/12, p.30)
2011        Dec, The IMF said that an unexplained gap of $32 billion had emerged in the Angola government's accounts from 2007 to 2010, equivalent to 25% of its gross domestic product.
    (AFP, 1/18/12)
2011        Dec, Chile's National Education Council decided to change the description of the country's former military government from "dictatorship" to "regime" in the nation's school textbooks. The move wasn't publicly known until the digital daily El Dinamo reported on it Jan 4. On Jan 5 the Council backed off the change following a political uproar.
    (AP, 1/4/12)(AP, 1/6/12)d
2011        Dec, In Kenya founder Anthony Ragui (37) launched www.ipaidabribe.or.ke, a website where people can share their stories on corruption a bribery. He used software from an Indian site, also called ipaidabribe, that has collected information on more than 15,000 bribes since it was put up in 2010.
    (AP, 1/6/12)
2011        Dec, Romania’s former PM Adrian Nastase (2000-2004) a key member of the opposition Social Democracy Party, was cleared of corruption charges in a trial where he was accused of paying a bribe to a government official in charge of preventing money laundering to destroy documents regarding a bank deposit of $400,000 (euro308,000) by Nastase's wife.
    (AP, 1/30/12)
2011        Dec, In Slovakia the "Gorilla" files were mysteriously posted online by an anonymous source. They purportedly documented shady dealings between 2005 and 2006, and suggest that investment group Penta bribed government and opposition politicians to win lucrative privatization deals. They were said to be based on wiretaps and rocked the already-raucous world of Slovak politics. The spy agency, SIS, has refused to confirm the file's authenticity. SIS heads are suspected of sweeping the wiretap findings under the carpet. Police began investigating following the anonymous leak.
    (AP, 3/8/12)
2011        Dec, Ahmed Abdirahman, a religious leader, was killed by gunmen in Puntland, a semiautonomous region of Somalia. Six prisoners, convicted for the murder, were executed in 2013.
    (AP, 4/30/13)
2011        Dec, Sri Lanka made public a report by Lessons Learnt and Reconciliation Commission (LLRC), a panel which probed why a 2002 truce collapsed. The 40-page report said civilians had died as a result of military action.
    (AFP, 2/15/12)

2011        David Abulafia authored “The Great Sea: A Human History of the Mediterranean."
    (Econ, 5/7/11, p.89)
2011        Viral Acharya authored “Guaranteed to Fail: Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, and the Debacle of Mortgage Finance."
    (Econ, 10/15/11, p.99)
2011        Peter Ackroyd, London writer, authored “London Underground: The Secret History Beneath the Streets."
    (SSFC, 11/13/11, p.F8)
2011        Marc Agronin authored “How We Age: A Doctor’s Journey into the Heart of Growing Old."
    (Econ, 2/12/11, p.93)
2011        Khaled Ahmed authored “Sectarian War: Pakistan's Sunni-Shia Violence and its links to the Middle East" an account of how the Shia-Sunni conflict was relocated from the Middle East to Pakistan after the rise of Revolutionary Iran in 1979, through the mediating agency of the rulers in Pakistan and the proliferation of the religious seminaries funded by Saudi Arabia.
    (http://tinyurl.com/4bjeuka)(Econ, 3/5/11, p.43)
2011        M. J. Akbar authored “Tinderbox: The Past and Future of Pakistan."
    (Econ, 1/22/11, p.98)
2011        Hugh Aldersey-Williams authored “Periodic Table: The Curious Lives of the Elements."
    (Econ, 2/5/11, p.96)
2011        Paul Allen authored “Idea Man: A Memoir by the Co-founder of Microsoft."
    (Econ, 4/30/11, p.89)
2011        Nezar AlSayyad authored “Cairo: Histories of a City."
    (SSFC, 7/24/11, p.F7)
2011        Daniel Altman authored “Outrageous Fortunes: The Twelve Surprising Trends That Will Reshape the Global Economy."
    (Econ, 1/22/11, p.100)
2011        Jay Bahadur (27), a Canadian writer, authored "The Pirates of Somalia: Inside Their Hidden World."
    (AP, 7/19/11)
2011        Maziar Bahari authored “Then They Came for Me: A Family’s Story of Love, Captivity and Survival." In 2009 Bahari, an Iranian-Canadian BBC journalist, was imprisoned and tortured in Iran for 118 days for his reports on protests following the re-election of Pres. Ahmadinejad.
    (SSFC, 11/23/14, Par p.9)
2011        Abhijit Banerjee and Esther Duflo authored “Poor Economics: A Radical Rethinking of the Way to Fight Global Poverty.
    (Econ, 4/23/11, p.88)
2011        Samuel Barondes, a UCSF neuropsychiatrist, authored “Making Sense of People: Decoding the Mysteries of Personalities." It included discussions of the five big personality domains already identified by researchers: extroversion, agreeableness, neuroticism, conscientiousness and openness.
    (SFC, 7/18/11, p.E1)
2011        Bella Bathurst authored “The Bicycle Book."
    (Econ, 4/23/11, p.89)
2011        Simon Baron-Cohen authored “Zero Degrees of Humanity: A New Theory of Human Cruelty."
    (Econ, 4/2/11, p.82)
2011        Francesca Beauman (b.1977), British historian, authored “Shapely Ankle Preferr’d: A History of the Lonely Hearts Ad."
    (Econ, 2/12/11, p.92)
2011        Peter Bergen authored “The Longest War: The Enduring Conflict Between America and al-Qaeda."
    (Econ, 1/8/11, p.83)
2011        Jason Berry authored “Render Unto Rome: The Secret Life of Money in the Catholic Church."
    (Econ, 8/11/12, p.24)
2011        Mark Bowden authored “Worm: The First Digital War."
    (SSFC, 10/23/11, p.F1)
2011        Roddy Boyd authored “Fatal Risks: A Cautionary Tale of AIG’s Corporate Suicide." The US government bailed out American International Group in 2008-2009.
    (Econ, 4/30/11, p.89)
2011        British entrepreneur Sir Richard Branson authored “Screw Business As Usual."
    (Econ, 12/3/11, p.104)
2011        Dan Breznitz and Michael Murphree authored “Run of the Red Queen: Government, Innovation, Globalization, and Economic Growth in China."
    (Econ, 5/7/11, p.73)
2011        Joel Brinkley (d.2014 at 61), former NY Times reporter, authored “Cambodia’s Curse: The Modern History of a Troubled Land."
    (SSFC, 4/17/11, p.G5)(SFC, 3/14/14, p.D4)
2011        David Brooks, NYT columnist and PBS pundit, authored “The Social Animal: The Hidden Sources of Live, Character, and Achievement."
    (SSFC, 3/13/11, p.G1)
2011        Mark Malloch Brown authored “The Unfinished Global Revolution: The Pursuit of a New International Politics."
    (Econ, 3/5/11, p.91)
2011        Daniel Byman authored “A High Price: The Triumphs and Failures of Israeli Counterterrorism.
    (SSFC, 7/10/11, p.99)
2011        Glenn Carle, former CIA official, authored “Te Interrogator: An Education."
    (Econ, 7/9/11, p.82)
2011        James Carroll authored Jerusalem, Jerusalem: How the Ancient Ignited Our Modern World."
    (SSFC, 3/13/11, p.G7)
2011        Jorge G. Castaneda authored “Manana Forever: Mexico and the Mexicans."
    (SSFC, 5/29/11, p.G1)
2011        Amy Chua authored “Battle Hymn of the Tiger Mother," a story on raising children that became very controversial.
    (Econ, 1/22/11, p.54)
2011        Carmela Ciuraru authored: “Nom de Plume: A (Secret) History of Pseudonyms."
    (SSFC, 6/26/11, p.F3)
2011        Bill Clinton authored “Back to Work: Why We Need Smart Government for a Strong Economy."
    (Econ, 11/19/11, p.92)
2011        William Cohan authored “Money and Power: How Goldman Sachs Came to Rule the World."
    (Econ, 4/16/11, p.88)
2011        Tyler Cohen authored “The Great Stagnation: How America Ate All the Low Hanging Fruit of Modern History, Got Sick, and Will (Eventually) Better."  The 150,000 word work was initially published as an e-book.
    (Econ, 3/5/11, p.84)(Econ, 9/10/11, SR p.5)
2011        Jim Collins and Morten Hansen authored “Great by Choice," a look at how America’s most successful companies have outperformed the stockmarket average.
    (Econ, 11/19/11, p.80)
2011        Robert Crease authored “World in the Balance: The Historic Quest for a Universal System of Measurement."
    (Econ, 10/8/11, p.102)
2011        Satyajit Das authored “Extreme Money: Masters of the Universe and the Cult of Risk."
    (Econ, 10/15/11, p.98)
2011        Norman Davies authored “Vanished Kingdoms: The History of Half-Forgotten Europe." An American edition due in 2012 will be titled “Vanished Kingdoms: The Rise and Fall of States and Nations."
    (Econ, 11/5/11, p.102)
2011        David Deutsch, Oxford physicist, authored “The Beginning of Infinity: Explanations That Transform the World."
    (Econ, 3/26/11, p.97)
2011        T.M. Devine authored “To the Ends of the Earth: Scotland’s Global Diaspora, 1750-2010."
    (Econ, 8/20/11, p.77)
2011        Ernest Drucker authored “A Plague of Prisons: The Epidemiology of Mass Incarcerations in America.
    (Econ, 9/3/11, p.85)
2011        Michael Dunne authored “American Wheels, Chinese Roads: The Story of General Motors in China."
    (Econ, 5/26/12, p.67)
2011        Barry Eichengreen authored “Exorbitant Privilege: The Rise and Fall of the Dollar and the Future of the International Monetary System."
    (Econ, 1/22/11, p.98)
2011        Juan Enriquez and Steve Gullans authored “Homo Evolutis" as an electronic book. They proposed that man will transform himself into a fitter, smarter, and better-looking species in coming decades.
    (Econ, 3/12/11, p.98)
2011        Sonia Faleiro, Indian writer, authored “Beautiful Thing" based on the story of Leela, a highly paid dancer at a Mumbai club, and her own five years immersed in the brothels of Mumbai, befriending bar dancers, transsexuals and policemen.
    (Reuters, 11/3/11)
2011        Paul Farmer, UN Deputy Special Envoy to Haiti, authored “Haiti: After the Earthquake."
    (Econ, 7/30/11, p.78)
2011        Somali exile author Nuruddin Farah published “Crossbones," the 3rd volume of his “Past Imperfect" trilogy. The opening novel was “Links" (2004) followed by “Knots" (2007).
    (Econ, 9/17/11, p.90)
2011        Jay Feldman authored “Manufacturing Hysteria: A History of Scapegoating, surveillance, and Secrecy in Modern America."
    (SSFC, 9/11/11, p.F5)
2011        Niall Ferguson authored “Civilization: The West and the Rest."
    (Econ, 3/12/11, p.97)
2011        Tim Flannery authored “Her on Earth: A natural History of the Planet."
    (Econ, 3/5/11, p.90)
2011        Jack Foley (71), Oakland, Ca., poet, authored “Visions and Affiliations: A California Literary Time Line Part One," a 1,300 page chrono-encyclopedia of Bay Area poets and poetry.
    (SFC, 8/20/11, p.E1)
2011        Robert Frank authored “The High-Beta Rich: How the Manic Wealthy Will Take Us to the Next Boom, Bubble and Bust."
    (Econ, 10/15/11, p.97)
2011        Susan Freinkel authored “Plastic: A Toxic Love Story."
    (SSFC, 5/1/11, p.G1)
2011        Patrick French authored “India: A Portrait."
    (Econ, 1/22/11, p.97)
2011        Aaron Friedberg authored “A Contest for Supremacy: China, America and the Struggle for Mastery of Asia."
    (Econ, 9/24/11, p.56)
2011        Roman Frydman of NYU and Michael Goldberg of the Univ. of New Hampshire authored “Beyond Mechanical Markets: Asset Price Swings, Risk and the Role of the State."
    (Econ, 2/26/11, p.80)
2011        Francis Fukuyama authored “The Origins of Political Order: From Prehuman Times to the French Revolution."
    (SSFC, 4/17/11, p.G4)(Econ, 4/2/11, p.79)
2011        Michael Gazzaniga authored “Who’s In Charge: Free Will and the Science of the Brain."
    (Econ, 12/17/11, p.149)
2011        Pankaj Ghemawat of the IESE Business School in Spain authored “World 3.0: Global Prosperity and How to Achieve It," an examination of the current state of globalization.
    (Econ, 4/23/11, p.72)
2011        John Gibler authored “To Die in Mexico: Dispatches From Inside the Drug Trade."
    (SSFC, 7/24/11, p.F3)
2011        David Gilmore authored “The Pursuit of Italy: A History of a Land, its Regions and their Peoples."
    (Econ, 2/26/11, p.89)
2011        Edward Glaeser authored “Triumph of the City: How Our Greatest Invention Makes Us Richer, Smarter, Greener, Healthier and Happier."
    (Econ, 2/12/11, p.91)
2011        Misha Glenny authored “Cyberthieves, Cybercops and You."
    (SSFC, 10/23/11, p.F1)
2011        Peter Godwin authored “The Fear: Robert Mugabe and the Martyrdom of Zimbabwe."
    (SSFC, 5/1/11, p.G4)
2011        Donna L. Halper authored “Boston Radio: 1920-2010."
    (http://tinyurl.com/6znfohh)
2011        Thor Hanson authored “Feathers: The Evolution of a Natural Miracle."
    (Econ, 6/4/11, p.95)
2011        Max Hastings authored “Inferno: The World at War: 1939-1945."
    (SFC, 11/28/11, p.E1)
2011        Diana Henriques authored “The Wizard of Lies: Bernie Madoff and the Death of Trust."
    (Econ, 5/21/11, p.87)
2011        Mark Hertsgaard authored “Hot: Living Through the Next Fifty Years on Earth."
    (SFC, 2/12/11, p.E1)
2011        Sylvia Ann Hewlett and Ripa Rashid authored “Winning the War for Talent in Emerging Markets: Why Women Are the Solution."
    (Econ, 8/27/11, p.58)
2011        Henry Hitchings authored “The Language Wars: A History of Proper English."
    (Econ, 3/12/11, p.100)
2011        Brevan Howard, British-based hedge fund manager, authored “Expected Returns: An Investor’s Guide to Harvesting Market Rewards."
    (Econ, 4/2/11, p.68)
2011        Mara Hvistendahl authored “Unnatural Selection: Choosing Boys Over Girls, and the Consequences of a World Full of Men.
    (Econ, 8/6/11, p.73)
2011        Douglas Irwin authored: Peddling Protectionism: Smoot-Hawley and the Great Depression," a look at the Tariff Act of 1930.
    (Econ, 3/26/11, p.96)
2011        Stuart Isacoff authored “A Natural History of the Piano: The Instrument, the Music, the Musicians – from Mozart to Modern Jazz and Everything in Between."
    (SSFC, 12/11/11, p.F6)
2011        E. L. James authored “Fifty Shades of Grey." In 2012 the bondage and wild sex trilogy held the top three spots on the NYT’s best seller list.
    (SFC, 5/10/12, p.A7)
2011        Penn Jillette authored "God, No! Signs You May Already Be an Atheist and Other Magical Tales."
    (SSFC, 9/4/11, p.F3)
2011        Owen Jones authored “Chavs: The Demonization of the Working Class."
    (Econ, 6/18/11, p.91)
2011        Daniel Kahneman, Nobel Prize winner (2002), authored “Thinking, Fast and Slow." He noted a two tier model of cognition: "System 1," which is quick and intuitive, and “System 2," which is slow and deliberate.
    (Econ, 10/29/11, p.98)
2011        Michio Kaku authored “Physics of the Future: How Science Will Shape Human Destiny and Our Daily Lives by the Year 2100.
    (Econ, 3/12/11, p.98)
2011        John Kasarda and Greg Lindsay authored “Aerotropolis: The Way We’ll Live Next."
    (Econ, 3/5/11, p.89)
2011        David Kennedy authored “Don’t Shoot: One Man, A Street Fellowship, and the End of Violence in Inner-City America."
    (Econ, 11/19/11, p.92)
2011        Michael Kazin authored “American Dreamers: How the Left Changed a Nation."
    (SSFC, 8/28/11, p.F1)
2011        Jim al-Khalili authored “The House of Wisdom: How Arabic Science Saved Ancient Knowledge and Gave Us the Renaissance."
    (SSFC, 4/24/11, p.G3)
2011        Parag Khanna authored “How To Run the World: Charting a Course to the Next Renaissance."
    (Econ, 1/29/11, p.80)
2011        Charles King authored “Odessa: Genius and Death in a City of Dreams."
    (Econ, 2/26/11, p.90)
2011        Henry Kissinger authored “On China."
    (Econ, 5/21/11, p.86)
2011        Liel Leibowitz authored “Fortunate Sons: The 120 Chinese Boys Who Came to America, Went to School, and Revolutionized an Ancient Civilization." It told the story of the Chinese Educational Mission, which existed from 1872 to 1881.
    (SSFC, 2/13/11, p.G4)
2011        Joseph Lelyveld authored “Great Soul: Mahatma Gandhi and His Struggle With India."
    (SSFC, 4/10/11, p.G1)
2011        Steven Levy authored “In the Plex: How Google Thinks, Works, and Shapes Our Lives."
    (SSFC, 4/17/11, p.G1)
2011        Michael Lewis authored “Boomerang: Travels In the New Third World," a travelogue of the world’s economic despair.
    (SSFC, 10/23/11, p.F1)
2011        Anatol Lieven authored “Pakistan: A Hard Country."
    (Econ, 4/9/11, p.92)
2011        Bob Lutz authored “Car Guys vs Bean Counters: The Battle for the Soul of American Business."
    (Econ, 7/2/11, p.73)
2011        Mark Lynas authored “The God Species: How the Planet Can Survive the Age of Humans."
    (Econ, 7/16/11, p.86)
2011        Jeff Madrick authored “Age of Greed: The Triumph of Finance and the Decline of America 1970 to the Present."
    (SSFC, 7/3/11, p.G5)
2011        David M. Malone authored “Does the Elephant Dance? Contemporary Indian Foreign Policy."
    (Econ, 6/11/11, p.85)
2011        Gordon Mathews authored “Ghetto at the Center of the World: Chungking mansions, Hong Kong."
    (Econ, 8/20/11, p.76)
2011        Jane McGonigal authored “Reality Is Broken: Why Games Make Us Better and How They Can change the World."
    (Econ, 3/19/11, p.94)
2011        James Miller authored “Examined Lives: From Socrates to Nietzsche."
    (Econ, 1/29/11, p.82)
2011        Gretchen Morgenson and Joshua Rosner authored “Reckless Endangerment: How Outsized Ambition, Greed and Corruption Led to Economic Armageddon."
    (Econ, 10/15/11, p.99)
2011        Evgeny Morozov authored “The Net Delusion: The Dark Side of Internet Freedom."
    (Econ, 1/8/11, p.82)
2011        Dambisa Moyo authored “How the West Was Lost: Fifty Years of Economic Folly – and the Stark Choices Ahead."
    (Econ, 1/22/11, p.99)
2011        Robert Muchembled authored “A History of Violence: From the End of the Middle Ages to the Present."
    (Econ, 10/8/11, p.101)
2011        Thant Myint-U authored “Where China Meets India: Burma and the New Crossroads of Asia."
    (Econ, 8/20/11, p.75)
2011        Joseph Nye Jr. authored “The Future of Power," A look at US power amidst the rise of other economic powers including China and India.
    (Econ, 1/29/11, p.80)
2011        The National Commission on the BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill and Offshore Drilling authored “Deep Water: The Gulf Oil Disaster and the Future of Offshore Drilling.
    (Econ, 4/23/11, p.87)
2011        Alice Odiot authored "Commodities: Switzerland's Most Dangerous Business." It looks at the social and environmental impact on Zambia and the Mopani Copper Mines owned by Swiss giant Glencore.
    (AP, 9/20/11)
2011        Eli Pariser authored “The Filter Bubble: What the Internet is Hiding From You."
    (Econ, 7/2/11, p.70)
2011        Kevin Poulsen authored “Kingpin: How One Hacker Took Over the Billion-Dollar Cybercrime Underground." It documented the story of hacker Max Butler, aka Iceman, currently serving a 13-year sentence for the theft of credit card data.
    (SSFC, 3/6/11, p.G1)
2011        Dan Plesch authored “America, Hitler and the UN: How the Allies Won World War II and Forged a Peace."
    (Econ, 1/29/11, p.82)
2011        Janet Reitman authored “Inside Scientology: The Story of America’s Most Secretive Religion."
    (SSFC, 7/3/11, p.G1)
2011        Bruce Riedel authored “Deadly Embrace: Pakistan, American, and the Future of Global Jihad."
    (Econ, 4/9/11, p.92)
2011        Patrick Robertson authored “Robertson’s Book of Firsts: Who Did What for the First Time."
    (Econ, 10/29/11, p.100)
2011        Peter Robb authored “Street Fight in Naples: A City’s Unseen History."
    (Econ, 7/16/11, p.87)
2011        Jon Ronson authored “The Psychopath Test: A Journey Through the Madness Industry."
    (SFC, 5/31/11, p.E2)
2011        Donald Rumsfeld, former US defense secretary, authored “Known and Unknown: A Memoir."
    (Econ, 2/19/11, p.93)
2011        Jeffrey Sachs authored “The Price of Civilization: Reawakening American Virtue and Prosperity."
    (Econ, 11/12/11, p.99)
2011        Doug Saunders authored “Arrival City: How the Largest Migration in History is Reshaping Our World.
    (SSFC, 3/20/11, p.G1)
2011        Peter Schweizer authored “Throw Them All Out," an account of insider trading by Washington politicians.
    (Econ, 12/10/11, p.36)
2011        Nicholas Shaxson authored “Treasure Islands: Uncovering the Damage of Offshore Banking and Tax Havens."
    (Econ, 2/11/12, p.62)
2011        Michael Shermer authored “The Believing Brain: From Ghosts and Gods to Politics and Conspiracies – How We construct Beliefs and Reinforce Them as Truths."
    (Econ, 6/18/11, p.90)
2011        Elaine Sciolino authored “La Seduction: How the French Play the Game of Life."
    (Econ, 6/11/11, p.87)
2011        Simon Sebag authored “Jerusalem: The Biography."
    (Econ, 3/19/11, p.93)
2011        Jason Sharman authored “The Money Laundry: Regulating Criminal Finance in the Global Economy."
    (Econ, 9/17/11, p.64)
2011        Rani Singh authored “Sonia Gandhi: An Extraordinary Life, An Indian Destiny."
    (Econ, 10/15/11, p.94)
2011        Christian Smith authored “Lost in Transition: The Dark Side of Emerging Adulthood." It explored the moral map of young people (18-23) in America.
    (Econ, 9/17/11, p.91)
2011        Michael Spence, 2001 Nobel Prize winner in economics, authored “The Next Convergence: The Future of Economic Growth in a Multispeed World."
    (Econ, 5/14/11, p.106)
2011        Jason Stearns authored “Dancing in the Glory of Monsters: The Collapse of the Congo and the Great War in Africa."
    (Econ, 4/30/11, p.88)
2011        Jonathan Steele authored “Ghosts of Afghanistan: The Haunted Battleground."
    (Econ, 11/19/11, p.91)
2011        Ron Suskind authored “Confidence Men: Wall Street, Washington, and the Education of a President," an assessment of the inner workings of the Obama administration.
    (SSFC, 11/13/11, p.F5)
2011        Julia Flynn Siler authored “Lost Kingdom: Hawaii’s Last Queen, the Sugar Kings, and America’s First Imperial Adventure."
    (SSFC, 1/8/12, p.F1)
2011        Ben Tarnoff authored “Moneymakers: The Wicked Lives and Surprising Adventures of Three Notorious Counterfeiters."
    (SSFC, 2/27/11, p.G5)
2011        Colin Thubrin, travel writer, authored “To A Mountain in Tibet," the story of his journey to Mount Kailas in southern Tibet.
    (Econ, 4/2/11, p.81)
2011        Robert Trivers authored “The Folly of Fools: The Logic of Deceit and Self-Deception in Human Life."
    (Econ, 11/5/11, p.104)
2011        Holly Tucker authored “Blood Work: A Tale of Medicine and Murder in the Scientific Revolution."
    (Econ, 3/19/11, p.95)
2011        Christopher Turner authored “Adventures in the Orgasmatron: How the Sexual Revolution Came to America."
    (Econ, 7/16/11, p.85)
2011        Siva Vaidhyanathan authored “The Googlization of Everything: And why We Should Worry."
    (SSFC, 4/17/11, p.G1)
2011        Federico Varese authored “Mafias on the Move: How Organized Crime Conquers New Territories."
    (Econ, 6/11/11, p.9)
2011        Sarah Vowell authored “Unfamiliar Fishes," stories of the American conquest of Hawaii.
    (SSFC, 3/27/11, p.G5)
2011        Mark West authored “Lovesick Japan: Sex, Marriage, Romance, Law."
    (Econ, 6/4/11, p.92)
2011        Adam Winkler, a constitutional-law scholar at U.C.L.A., authored "Gunfight: The Battle Over the Right to Bear Arms in America."
    (www.amazon.com/Gunfight-Battle-over-Right-America/dp/0393077411)
2011        Alan Wolfe authored “Political Evil: What It Is and How to Combat It."
    (SFC, 10/31/11, p.E3)
2011        Daniel Yergin authored “The Quest: Energy, Security and the Remaking of the Modern World."
    (Econ, 9/17/11, p.89)
2011        Liao Yiwu, exiled Chinese poet, published his memoir “For a Song and a Hundred Sons: A Poet’s Journey Thjrough a Chinese Prison" in Taiwan and Germany. Earlier versions were were seized by police in 1995 and 2001. It was translated to english in 2013.
    (SSFC, 7/7/13, p.F4)

2011        The US passed legislation forbidding NASA from cooperating with China or any Chinese company and hosting official Chinese visitors at any NASA facility. The legal language was inserted into a funding bill by Congressman Frank Wolf, who chairs the House Subcommittee on Commerce, Justice, Science and Related Agencies.
    (http://tinyurl.com/n568kkz)(Econ, 10/12/13, p.95)
2011        The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) was set up with funding from the US Federal Reserve. It began work in July, 2013, after Republicans abandoned efforts to block the nomination of Richard Cordray as head.
    (Econ, 2/1/14, p.64)

2011        Annual health care expenditure in the US grew to almost 18% of GDP. In 1960 it was just over 5% of GDP.
    (Economist, 9/29/12, p.82)
2011        Some 8.7 million new cases of tuberculosis were reported this year. Multidrug-resistant TB accounted for as many as 400,000 cases.
    (SFC, 1/2/13, p.D4)

2011        California’s spending on prisons reached about 10% of the state budget, up from 4% in the mid 1980s. This now exceeded the amount for university funding.
    (Econ, 10/8/11, p.36)

2011        Florida faced a $3.6 billion shortfall. This represented about 15% of the total 2011 state budget.
    (Econ, 3/19/11, p.39)

2011        New York state Gov. Andrew Cuomo appointed Benjamin Lawsky to head the new Department of Financial Services (DFS), created from the merger of two existing state regulators.
    (Econ., 3/28/15, p.77)
2011        NYC’s stop-and-frisk policy led to 685,000 stops this year with 90% made on black and Latino men. In 2002 the number of stops was 115,000. The statistics led to a class-action lawsuit and allegations of racial profiling.
    (Econ, 4/27/13, p.30)

2011        Skee-ball Inc. (SBI), the Pennsylvania maker of the skee-ball machine, sued the Brooklyn-based Brewskee-ball League for infringing on its century-old trademark.
    (Econ, 7/19/14, p.29)
2011        In Pennsylvania Gene Carter (39) was sentenced up to 216 years in prison for running a major heroin ring while serving time in a halfway house. In 2015 an appeals court overturned the sentence calling it unreasonable and excessive.
    (SFC, 9/5/15, p.A7)

2011        West Virginia began field trails on a vaccine to stop the spread of rabies. Marshmallow-flavored packets of ONRAB, designed to be eaten by raccoons, skunks and other furry creatures, were dropped from aircraft.
    (Econ, 9/14/13, p.32)

2011        Litecoin, a digital currency for small transaction, was created by Charles Lee.
    (SSFC, 4/27/14, p.D7)
2011        Broadbridge, the new owner of Fleet Secuirites, sued Adnan Khashoggi, a Saudi financier, to pay $40 million plus 9% interest to cover unpaid debt. In 2013 Khashoggi (77) lost an appeal in the case.
    (Econ, 5/25/13, p.75)

2011        Darren Westlake and Luke Lang launched Crowdcube, a website that helps entrepreneurs raise equity from the public.
    (Econ, 11/2/13, p.79)
2011        Twitch.tv, a website that streams live video directly to users’ computers, was founded. On Aug 25, 2014 Amazon.com announced that it would buy Twitch for $970 million.
    (Econ, 8/30/14, p.59)
2011        ATK, an American firm, and Heckler & Koch, a German one, developed the XM25, a new gun that fires 25mm rounds programmed to exploded at a fixed distance.
    (Econ, 1/14/12, p.76)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/XM25_CDTE)

2011        The average price of oil this year was $111 a barrel.
    (Econ, 4/14/12, p.65)

2011        A toxic “red tide" killed tens of thousands of abalone as well as sea urchins, starfish and other mollusks along the northern coast of California. In 2014 scientists identified a poison producing micro-organism known as Gonyaulax spinifera as the culprit.
    (SFC, 5/10/14, p.A1)
2011        Satellite data showed that deforestation in the non-Brazilian Amazon rose from an annual average of 1,930 square miles in the 1990s to 2,779 square miles this year.
    (SFC, 9/1/12, p.F6)

2011        In Afghanistan opium seizures this year rose 13 percent and those of hashish climbed 59 percent, while the amount of marijuana and morphine confiscated soared 1,208 percent and 10,113 percent respectively, according to figures from ISAF, which did not give the amounts of drugs seized. The UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) in October said opium production in Afghanistan rose 61 percent in 2011 from the previous year, when the harvest was hit by disease.
    (AFP, 1/2/12)
2011        The UN mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) said in its annual report, made public on Feb 4, 2012, that a total of 3,021 Afghan civilians died in 2011 -- mostly at the hands of insurgents -- up eight% from 2,790 in 2010.
    (AFP, 2/4/12)
2011        In Afghanistan at least 430 employees of US contractors were reported killed. This compared to 418 US soldiers reported killed this year.
    (SSFC, 2/12/12, p.A12)

2011        Some 17,000 Africans made their way to Israel this year. A growing number of the migrants reported torture by smugglers in the Egyptian Sinai, who extorted migrant families for more money.
    (SFC, 2/17/12, p.A4)

2011        Albania’s census reported 2.8 million residents. An estimated 500k lived abroad.
    (Econ, 6/29/13, p.50)

2011        Showpad was founded in Ghent, Belgium. It provided an innovative software platform allowqing companies to keep in touch with their salesforce through a variety of mobile devices. Over the next few years it set up ofices in London and San Francisco and in 2015 expected recurring revenues to reach $10 million.
    (Econ, 9/12/15, p.68)

2011        The first McDonald’s restaurant in Bosnia opened.
    (Econ, 2/1/14, p.65)

2011        Brazil overtook Britain to become the world’s 6th biggest economy.
    (www.guardian.co.uk/business/2011/dec/26/brazil-overtakes-uk-economy)
2011        In Brazil a Rio de Janeiro city survey found 847 Umbanda houses of worship. Umbanda was founded a little more than a century ago, drawing from older traditions such as Catholicism, the beliefs of enslaved Yoruba people brought from West Africa, the spirituality of Brazil's indigenous groups and the teachings of 19th century French spiritualist Allan Kardec. An estimated 400,000 Brazilians follow the religion.
    (AP, 12/10/11)

2011        Manchester, England, and its nine metropolitan neighbors formed the greater Manchester Combined Authority (GMCA).
    (Econ, 9/27/14, p.56)

2011        China overtook America as the world’s biggest electricity producer.
    (Econ, 1/5/13, p.54)
2011        In China Zhao Haibin, a police chief in Guangdong province, was accused of owning 192 properties. The case came to light after he was reported by a businessman who was involved in a dispute with the officer.
    (Econ, 2/9/13, p.46)(https://ethixbase.com/blogs/tag/zhao-haibin/)

2011        The population of Cameroon was about 19.4 million.
    (AFP, 10/10/11)

2011        CongoDRC’s current budget was around $700 million, 40% of which was provided by the Un and other foreign outfits.
    (Econ, 9/24/11, p.60)
2011        The population of CongoDRC was about 70 million.
    (AP, 5/11/11)

2011        Dominican Rep. police killed 289 people this year.
    (Econ, 5/26/12, p.39)

2011        The population of Djibouti was about 750,000.
    (AP, 2/18/11)

2011        East Timor’s first shopping center, The Timor Plaza, opened in Dili.
    (Econ, 3/10/12, p.52)

2011        The population of Eritrea was about 5.3 million at this time.
    (Econ, 7/23/11, p.44)

2011        Finland's population was about 5.3 million.
    (AP, 4/17/11)

2011        Schmallenberg virus - named after the German town where it was first detected - infected sheep and cows on at least 2,600 farms in eight EU countries in 2011. In 2013 British farmers became the first in Europe to get a new vaccine, made by Merck, against the virus.
    (Reuters, 5/20/13)
2011        Filiz Gelowicz, a German woman, was convicted of supporting a foreign terrorist network. Her husband was among a group convicted of plotting unsuccessfully to attack US soldiers and citizens in Germany. German officials released Gelowicz from prison in late April, 2012, on probation after she served two-thirds of her sentence.
    (AP, 5/31/12)
2011        Some 250-350 tons of cocaine, almost the whole amount heading for the US, was reportedly passing through Guatemala each year.
    (Econ, 4/16/11, p.25)
2011        Honduras saw 7,104 killings this year, above the 6,200 recorded last year.
    (SFC, 3/29/12, p.A2)

2011        India's NIA charged Wuthikorn Naruenartwanich and three others in 2011 with criminal conspiracy to wage war against the Indian government. The National Investigation Agency said the men had sold arms to Naga rebels who have been fighting the central government for more than 50 years, despite a 1997 a cease-fire. Wuthikorn was arrested in Thailand in 2013 and extradited to India in 2014.
    (AP, 3/31/14)
2011        India was ranked 132nd of 183 countries in the World Bank’s report on “Ease of Doing Business."
    (Econ, 6/23/12, p.47)
2011        In India an estimated 17% of the population held half of the country’s spending power.
    (Econ, 10/22/11, SR p.16)

2011        Indonesia’s population was about 237 million.
    (Econ, 2/19/11, p.43)

2011        Italian author Elena Ferrante (pseudonym) published “My Brilliant Friend," the first of her four “Neapolitan Novels." The 4th volume “The Story of the Lost Child" was published in English in 2015.
    (Econ, 8/29/15, p.66)

2011        Japanese accounted for 73 percent of the 1.1 million visitors to Guam in this fiscal year.
    (AP, 2/12/13)

2011        Libya’s population was about 6.5 million.
    (Econ, 2/26/11, p.25)

2011        In Madagascar 26,700 people contracted TB this year, a jump of more than 16 percent compared with 2009.
    (AFP, 7/9/12)

2011        The population of Malawi was about 13 million with half living below the poverty line.
    (AP, 7/22/11)

2011        In northern Mexico the Zetas drug gang attacked the town of Allende, Coahuila state. Forensic evidence in 2014 in clandestine burial grounds estimated 300-500 people were killed.
    (Econ, 6/14/14, p.31)

2011        Mongolia’s population was about 2.8 million people. Another 5.8 million Mongols lived in China with some 4 million in Inner Mongolia.
    (Econ, 10/8/11, p.58)

2011        Myanmar land for opium poppies increased 17% this year, the 6th consecutive year of annual increase. Myanmar growers represented about 10% of the world’s heroin supply, second only to Afghanistan.
    (SFC, 11/1/12, p.A5)

2011        Namibia’s population was about 2.2 million.
    (Econ, 3/12/11, p.56)

2011        Nauru defaulted on sovereign bonds issued on the Japanese stock market. Firebird, a New York-based hedge fund that mainly specializes in investments in overseas equities, sued Nauru in a Japanese court and obtained an order against the nation for the equivalent of 16 million USD.
    (www.hedgethink.com/market-view/nauru-defaults-wins-interim-victory/)

2011        Nepal’s population numbered about 30 million.
    (Econ, 6/4/11, p.50)

2011        In the Netherlands Charlotte van den Berg (20), a student working part-time in Amsterdam’s city archives, discovered letters from Jewish Holocaust survivors complaining that the city was forcing them to pay back taxes and late fines on property seized after they were deported to Nazi death camps. By 2014 a review found 217 cases in which the city had demanded that returning Jews pay the taxes and penalty fees.
    (SSFC, 4/20/14, p.A9)

2011        The population of Niger numbered about 16 million.
    (AFP, 11/1/11)

2011        In Nigeria the Ikeja shopping mall opened in Lagos.
    (Econ, 8/23/14, p.60)
2011        In Nigeria the average annual income of $718 per person in the northernmost 19 states was half the figure of the remaining 17 states. With some 160 million people Nigeria was the world’s 7th most populous country. The UN estimated Nigeria’s population could grow to around 400 million by 2050.
    (Econ, 4/30/11, p.52)(Econ, 5/14/11, p.77)(AFP, 10/30/11)

2011        The population of Pakistan was about 190 million.
    (Econ, 2/5/11, p.55)
2011        At least 943 Pakistani women and girls were murdered this year for allegedly defaming their family's honor.
    (AFP, 3/22/12)
2011        In Pakistan Jude Kenan Mohammad, an American citizen, was killed in a US drone strike in South Waziristan late this year. He had been arrested by Pakistani authorities three years earlier but escaped after being released on bail. His death was revealed by the Obama administration on May 22, 2013.
    (AP, 5/23/13)

2011        The population of Papua New Guinea was about 6.7 million.
    (Econ, 8/6/11, p.34)

2011        In the Philippines communist guerrillas killed about 100 government troops and police and waged 447 attacks this year continuing decline in their 43-year insurgency. The number of armed rebel fighters dropped 7.8 percent last year to 4,043.
    (AP, 1/22/12)

2011        The population of Qatar numbered about 1.7 million with a GDP per person of $80,000. Fewer than one in 7 was a native born citizen.
    (Econ, 11/5/11, p.55)

2011        Russia’s population was about 140 million.
    (Econ, 9/17/11, p.49)

2011        Indian-born New Yorker Parvez Sharma, a gay man, attended the annual pilgrimage to Mecca and secretly filmed his experiences using a mobile phone and two tiny cameras. In 2015 the film was released as a documentary titled “A Sinner in Mecca." It quickly attracted death threats and an online hate campaign.
    (AFP, 8/30/15)
2011        In Saudi Arabia at least 76 death row inmates were executed this year, according to an AFP count. Amnesty International believed that at least 79 executions during this period. In 2010, 27 people were executed, according to the UN, citing a report by Human Rights Watch.
    (AFP, 1/5/12)
2011        In Saudi Arabia Satinah Binti Jumadi Ahmad, an Indonesian maid, was sentenced to death for murdering her employer's wife in 2007 and stealing money. In 2014 the Indonesian government agreed to pay $1.8 million to free Satinah (41).
    (AFP, 3/24/14)(Reuters, 4/4/14)
2011        In Saudi Arabia a teacher (42) was arrested for abducing and raping a girl (9). In 2013 he was convicted of kidnapping and raping eight young girls (ages 6 to 11). In 2014 the Supreme Court upheld his death sentence.
    (AFP, 4/6/14)

2011        In Sierra Leone the annual income per person averaged $340.
    (Econ, 12/1/12, p.56)

2011        Dr. Matthew Chang of Nanyang Technological Univ. in Singapore worked out a way to program E. coli to release destructive antimicrobial peptides when  they came into contact with Pseudomonas aeruginosa. He then armed the modified E. coli with the enzyme DNase1 which then acted to bacteial sheets know as biofilms.
    (Econ, 10/12/13, p.95)
2011        Singapore’s population numbered about 5 million.
    (Econ, 9/3/11, TQ p.4)

2011        Ahmed Godane, the emir of Somalia’s al-Shabab, merged his group fully with al-Qaida.
    (Econ, 9/28/13, p.21)
2011        In Somalia at least 80,000 people died this year of famine. A large amount of food sent by the UN to Mogadishu during the famine never reached the starving people it was intended for. Some of the World Food Program supplies went to the black market, some to feed livestock. One warehouse full of rations was looted in its entirety by a government official. Across the city, feeding sites handed out far less food than records indicate they should have. A report in 2013 raised the number of Somali deaths due to famine in 2011 to 260,000, half of them under age 5.
    (Econ, 2/25/12, p.58)(AP, 3/17/12)(AP, 5/6/13)

2011        In South Africa General Mdluli, head of the police crime intelligence, was arrested over alleged involvement in the 1999 murder of his former lover's husband. He also faced charges of financial mismanagement, abuse of power and nepotism. In March, 2012, the charges were provisionally withdrawn pending an investigation and he went back to work. In late May he was again suspended as fresh accusations emerged.
    (AFP, 5/27/12)
2011        The World Health Organization estimated that 62% of South Africa’s men and 73% of its women were overweight.
    (Econ, 3/26/11, p.77)
2011        The group Stop Rhino Poaching estimated that 446 rhinos were killed in South Africa this year, a sharp jump from the 13 lost in 2007, 83 in 2008, 122 in 2009 and 333 in 2010.
    (AFP, 1/3/12)

2011        The South Korean film “Late Blossom" was about growing old. This year over 4,000 South Koreans over age 65 committed suicide.
    (Econ, 12/7/13, p.42)
2011        In South Korea the personal information of 35 million people was stolen from Cyworld, the country’s most popular social network.
    (Econ, 1/25/14, p.62)

2011        South Sudan’s population was estimated at 8-14 million.
    (Econ, 2/5/11, p.57)

2011        Spain ranked 133rd in the World Bank’s ranking of how easy it is to start a business.
    (Econ, 11/12/11, SR p.6)

2011        Sri Lanka’s population was about 20 million.
    (AP, 7/29/11)
2011        The population of Swaziland numbered about 1.2 million.
    (Econ, 7/30/11, p.43)

2011        According to the Syrian Local Coordination Committees (LCC), a total of 5,862 people were killed in the regime's crackdown during this year, including "321 male children, 74 female children and 146 women.
    (AP, 1/1/12)

2011        Tunisia’s population was about 10.6 million.
    (Econ, 7/16/11, p.52)
2011        Turkey’s population was about 73 million.
    (AFP, 1/18/11)

2011        Tuvalu experienced severe drought as La Nina settled over the region depriving the area of substantial rainfall for 6 months. Tuvalu and Tokelau declared a state of emergency.
    (SFC, 10/15/11, p.A4)
2011        The population of Tuvalu was about 10,000.
    (SFC, 10/15/11, p.A4)

2011        UAR citizens accounted for less than a fifth of the resident population which numbered about 8.2 million.
    (Econ, 7/2/11, p.39)

2011        Uganda’s population stood at about 34 million people.
    (Econ, 9/24/11, p.72)

2011        The population of Vietnam was about 87 million.
    (Econ, 9/10/11, p.48)

2011        Zambia’s population numbered about 13 million people.
    (Econ, 10/1/11, p.47)

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