Timeline 2012 July-September

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2012        Jul 1, A US federal judge temporarily blocked Mississippi from enforcing a new law that requires doctors who perform abortions at the state's sole abortion clinic to have admitting privileges at a local hospital. The Mississippi legislation, signed by Rep. Gov. Phil Bryant in April, was due to go into effect today. Abortion clinic doctors had applied to 7 area hospitals for admitting privileges.
    (SFC, 6/23/12, p.A5)(Reuters, 7/1/12)
2012        Jul 1, In South Dakota a C-130 Air Force air tanker from North Carolina crashed with a crew of 6 while fighting a fire in the Black Hills. At least one crew member was killed. Officials put 7 other tankers on operational hold. Five USAF C-130s returned to the flight line on July 3.
    (SFC, 7/3/12, p.A7)(SFC, 7/3/12, p.A7)   
2012        Jul 1, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed five civilians, including women and children, riding in a bus near Ghazni city. Another 11 were wounded. 3 British soldiers were shot dead by a man in Afghan police uniform at a checkpoint in Nahr-e-Saraj in Helmand province, where they were meeting local elders.
    (AP, 7/1/12)(AFP, 7/2/12)
2012        Jul 1, Australia introduced a controversial carbon tax in a bid to tackle climate change, with PM Julia Gillard hailing the move amid opposition warnings it will stifle industry. A mining levy was also introduced.
    (AFP, 7/1/12)(Econ, 7/7/12, p.18)
2012        Jul 1, An EU embargo on Iranian oil went into effect, provoking anger in Tehran which said the measure will hurt talks with world powers over its sensitive nuclear activities.
    (AFP, 7/2/12)
2012        Jul 1, Hong Kong's biggest protest for nearly a decade packed the former British colony's streets in a defiant reception for its new leader and a show of popular anger after 15 years of Chinese rule. The vast rally came after Leung Chun-ying, a millionaire property consultant seen as close to China's communist authorities, was sworn in as chief executive in front of Chinese President Hu Jintao -- who had his speech interrupted.
    (AFP, 7/1/12)
2012        Jul 1, In Iraq 4 coordinated bomb attacks within minutes of each other hit the central city of Tikrit, 130 km (80 miles) north of Baghdad. A civilian walking by was killed and two others were wounded.  A gunman assassinated a jurist in Mosul.
    (www.ninanews.com/english/News_Details.asp?ar95_VQ=FMFFJL)(SFC, 7/2/12, p.A2)
2012        Jul 1, An Israeli military court sentenced Ibrahim Hamed, a former military leader of Hamas, to 54 life sentences after convicting him of ordering the killing of dozens of Israelis. The army said he was convicted last week of responsibility for a long list of suicide attacks which brought about the deaths of 46 Israelis and the wounding of more than 400 Israelis.
    (AFP, 7/1/12)
2012        Jul 1, Japanese engineers began refiring an atomic reactor, despite growing public protests in the aftermath of meltdowns at Fukushima, ending nearly two months in which the country was nuclear-free.
    (AFP, 7/1/12)
2012        Jul 1, In Japan the governor of Okinawa rejected a US plan to deploy Osprey military aircraft on the sub-tropic island chain amid safety concerns.
    (AFP, 7/1/12)
2012        Jul 1, In Kenya gunmen killed 17 people and wounded dozens in gun and grenade attacks on two churches in the town of Garissa near the border with Somalia.
    (AFP, 7/1/12)
2012        Jul 1, Mali appealed to the UN to take action after extremists ravaged shrines in Timbuktu. Islamist rebels took hoes and chisels to the tombs of ancient Muslim saints in Timbuktu for a second day, ignoring international pleas to halt their campaign of destruction.
    (AFP, 7/1/12)
2012        Jul 1, In Mexico Enrique Pena Nieto, the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) candidate, won 38.21% support in national elections. Top challenger, leftist candidate Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador (31.59%), refused to concede, saying he would await a full count and legal review. Josefina Vazquez Mota of the ruling National Action Party, Mexico's first woman candidate for a major party, conceded with 25.41%. Final results were completed on July 6. The PRI and its allies fell just short of a majority in both houses of Congress.
    (AP, 7/2/12)(AP, 7/6/12)(AP, 7/10/12)
2012        Jul 1, Nigerian hunters killed a hippopotamus in the town of Shelleng on the bank of the Benue river. The hippo had killed two fishermen a day earlier.
    (AP, 7/3/12)
2012        Jul 1, In Pakistan US missiles fired from a drone in North Waziristan killed eight suspected militants. The latest attack killed fighters loyal to militant commander Hafiz Gul Bahadur. Dozens of militants based in Afghanistan attacked a checkpost in Upper Dir, a district in the government-controlled part of Pakistan, for the second time in eight days. 6 militants were reported killed.
    (AP, 7/1/12)(AFP, 7/2/12)
2012        Jul 1, A Russian Soyuz space capsule landed in Kazakhstan bringing an end to a 193-day mission for American astronaut Donald Petit, Dutchman Andre Kuipers and Russian Oleg Kononenko.
    (SFC, 7/2/12, p.A2)
2012        Jul 1, Senegal voted for new lawmakers in an election set to put more women in the national assembly thanks to a new law which requires an equal gender balance on party lists. President Macky Sall's coalition won a landslide majority in legislative polls, swooping up 119 of 150 seats in the national assembly.
    (AFP, 7/1/12)(AFP, 7/2/12)(AFP, 7/4/12)
2012        Jul 1, Syrian opposition groups rejected a UN-brokered peace plan for a political transition in Syria, calling it ambiguous and a waste of time and vowing not to negotiate with President Bashar Assad or members of his "murderous" regime. 3 pro-government militiamen were killed in Hama province.
    (AP, 7/1/12)(AFP, 7/3/12)
2012        Jul 1, A Yemeni soldier and an Al-Qaeda militant were killed as jihadists tried to raid a village in the southern province of Daleh. a group of children accidentally set off a shell with which they were playing, killing one and wounding seven others in Jaar. Landmines laid by al-Qaida fighters and unexploded shells in battlefields have so far killed more than 85 soldiers and civilians around Zinjibar and nearby Jaar since their recapture by the Yemeni army last month.
    (AFP, 7/1/12)(AP, 7/2/12)

2012        Jul 2, CNN’s Anderson Cooper, the host of “AC360," confirmed that he is gay.
    (SFC, 7/3/12, p.E3)
2012        Jul 2, California state lawmakers passed a set of foreclosure relief bills. The legislation would stop “dual tracking," where a lender pursues foreclosure proceedings on a homeowner even as the homeowner seeks a modification on the terms of the loan.
    (SFC, 7/3/12, p.A1)
2012        Jul 2, In California the council members of Mammoth Lakes voted to file for bankruptcy, becoming the 2nd city in the state to do so.
    (SFC, 7/5/12, p.C2)
2012        Jul 2, Dell announced that it has agreed to buy Quest Software Inc. for $2.24 billion.
    (SFC, 7/3/12, p.D3)
2012        Jul 2, In Afghanistan a suicide car bomber killed 7 people and wounded 23 near Kandahar University. Logar province spokesman Din Mohammad Darwesh said NATO forces were on a foot patrol in Charkh district when they came under fire from insurgents. He said they called in an airstrike and the bombardment killed three shopkeepers.
    (AP, 7/2/12)(AP, 7/2/12)
2012        Jul 2, Barclays chairman Marcus Agius resigned, paying the price for the "devastating" damage to the bank caused by the rigging of key global interest rates which has sullied London's image as a financial center. Agius, who has chaired the bank for six years, will remain in his post until a successor was found.
    (AFP, 7/2/12)
2012        Jul 2, British drugmaker GlaxoSmithKline was socked with $3 billion in fines by US authorities over charges it marketed drugs for unauthorized uses, held back safety data, and cheated the government's Medicaid program. This became the largest health-fraud settlement in American history.
    (AFP, 7/2/12)(Econ, 7/7/12, p.61)
2012        Jul 2, China's state media reported that the booming southern city of Guangzhou has imposed a cap on the number of cars allowed to be sold in an effort to curb worsening traffic and pollution. It became the third Chinese city, after Beijing and Guiyang, to introduce registration plate limits in an effort to combat the escalating number of cars on China's roads.
    (AFP, 7/2/12)
2012        Jul 2, In China the High Court of the southern province of Guangdong said Apple has paid $60 million to end a dispute with Shenzhen Proview Technology over who could use the iPad name in China, giving the US tech giant more certainty in selling its tablet computer in the Chinese market.
    (AFP, 7/2/12)
2012        Jul 2, Corsican separatist gunmen (FNLC) attacked the luxury holiday villa of a French banker, evacuated the occupants and detonated 4 explosives inside.
    (SFC, 7/3/12, p.A2) 
2012        Jul 2, The Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ) said it appears Ethiopia is extending and refining its censorship of Internet news with a sophistication that could encourage other authoritarian regimes in Africa. The rollout of a pervasive and sophisticated blocking system started in April to include smaller blogs by exiles and news services, and even individual Facebook pages.
    (AP, 7/2/12)
2012        Jul 2, Europe’s Airbus said it would open its first jet assembly line in America in Mobile, Alabama.
    (Econ, 7/7/12, p.63)
2012        Jul 2, Indonesian President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono arrived in Australia as a political storm over people-smuggling raged.
    (AFP, 7/2/12)
2012        Jul 2, In Iraq a roadside bomb missed a police patrol that was moving through an intersection in Mansour neighborhood. The blast killed a nearby traffic policeman and wounded eight passers-by instead.
    (AP, 7/2/12)
2012        Jul 2, Israel’s PM Netanyahu dissolved a committee assigned to reform the country’s military draft law and spread the burden among more sectors of society. He said the committee had failed to reach a consensus that could win parliamentary approval.
    (SFC, 7/3/12, p.A2)
2012        Jul 2, In Japan Ichiro Ozawa (70) and 49 other lawmakers quit the ruling party and said they will likely form their own rival bloc, dealing a blow to PM Yoshihiko Noda. Ozawa has been a vocal critic of Noda's plan to double Japan's sales tax to 10 percent by 2015.
    (AP, 7/2/12)
2012        Jul 2, Lebanon's General Security agency said  a rocket fired from Lebanon wounded two Syrian border police. The Syrians pursued the gunmen and a Lebanese General Security post was hit.
    (AFP, 7/2/12)
2012        Jul 2, Libya released four envoys of the International Criminal Court, held since June 7, who were detained after visiting the son of slain leader Moamer Kadhafi.
    (AFP, 7/2/12)
2012        Jul 2, Mali's Islamist rebels smashed the entrance of a 15th century Timbuktu mosque, escalating a campaign of destruction of the city's cultural treasures despite threats of prosecution for war crimes.
    (AFP, 7/2/12)
2012        Jul 2, A Namibian diamond cutting and polishing plant owned by Russian-Israeli tycoon Lev Leviev said it laid off its entire workforce, 150 workers, after its bid to buy rough gems from De Beers flopped. LLD Namibia was established in 2004 at a cost of three million dollars (2.6 million euros) and touted then as Africa's largest diamond cutting and polishing factory.
    (AFP, 7/2/12)
2012        Jul 2, Nigeria's Trade and Investment Ministry said Nigeria has signed a Memorandum of Understanding with US-based Vulcan Petroleum Resources Ltd. to build six oil refineries, in a project worth 4.5 billion dollars.
    (AFP, 7/3/12)
2012        Jul 2, In Nigeria attackers killed nine construction workers in the northeastern city of Maiduguri, the base of the Islamist Boko Haram sect.
    (AFP, 7/2/12)
2012        Jul 2, Pakistani officials accused up to 60 Afghan soldiers of crossing into Pakistani territory and sparking clashes that killed two tribesman in Upper Kurram district.
    (AFP, 7/2/12)
2012        Jul 2, A spokesman said the Palestinian self-rule government has detained some 200 people, including security officers, in recent weeks in the biggest crackdown on illegal weapons in the West Bank in five years.
    (AP, 7/2/12)
2012        Jul 2, South Korea inaugurated Sejong City, a mini-capital to house much of the nation's government, ending a decade of wrangling over a project seen by critics as driven by politics.
    (AFP, 7/2/12)
2012        Jul 2, Syria's main exiled opposition groups met in Cairo to try to forge a common vision for a political transition in Syria. Rebel fighters and activists based in Syria announced they would boycott the Cairo meeting. At least 78 people were confirmed killed across Syria, 44 of them civilians.
    (AFP, 7/2/12)(AFP, 7/3/12)
2012        Jul 2, Taiwan's ex-vice president Annette Lu and a former top presidential aide were cleared of corruption and forgery charges after prosecutors failed to prove the case against them. They were indicted in 2007 for allegedly abusing their positions to claim millions of Taiwan dollars in expenses with false receipts.
    (AFP, 7/2/12)
2012        Jul 2, Lin Yi-shih (42), a top official in Taiwan's cabinet, admitted to taking millions of dollars in bribes from a wealthy businessman. He resigned as the cabinet secretary-general last week. The weekly magazine Next reported Lin had allegedly taken Tw$63 million ($2.1 million) from a businessman in 2010 to help him gain a contract with a state firm.
    (AFP, 7/2/12)
2012        Jul 2, In Togo Atayi Ayi, a reporter for the daily Forum de la Semaine, was taking photographs of a protest in the capital Lome when he was attacked by two groups of unidentified demonstrators.
    (AFP, 7/7/12)
2012        Jul 2, The Vatican said that Pope Benedict has "relieved from pastoral care" Bishop Robert Bezak of Trnava, Slovakia. Italian news reports suggested administrative problems were to blame.
    (AP, 7/3/12) 

2012        Jul 3, A US federal judge ordered Iran to pay more than $813 million in damages and interest to the families of 241 US soldiers killed in the 1983 bombing of a Marine barracks in Lebanon. After this opinion, this court will have issued over $8.8 billion in judgments against Iran as a result of the October 23, 1983, Beirut bombing.
    (AFP, 7/6/12)
2012        Jul 3, Andy Griffith (86), TV actor, died at his home in Dare County, North Carolina. He was best known for his role as Sheriff Andy Taylor in “The Andy Griffith Show" (1960 to 1968), and later for his role as a criminal defense lawyer on "Matlock" 1986 to 1995).
    (Reuters, 7/3/12)
2012        Jul 3, A man in Afghan army uniform opened fire on NATO soldiers at a military base near Kabul, wounding five. The attacker fled the area.
    (AFP, 7/4/12)
2012        Jul 3, Australia and Indonesia agreed to work more closely to crack down on people-smuggling, with visiting President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono saying his people were victims of the trade as well.
    (AFP, 7/3/12)
2012        Jul 3, Bahraini authorities said they have launched an investigation against 15 police officers over allegations of abuse involving inmates.
    (AP, 7/3/12)
2012        Jul 3, Barclays Plc Chief Executive Bob Diamond quit under fire from politicians and regulators, the highest-profile casualty of an interest rate-rigging scandal spanning more than a dozen big banks across the world.
    (Reuters, 7/3/12)
2012        Jul 3, Two British Tornado GR4s from Royal Air Force Lossiemouth, each piloted by a two member crew, went down in the Moray Firth in northeast Scotland. A helicopter airlifted two airmen to a hospital in Inverness while efforts to find the missing pair were called off due to poor visibility and bad weather.
    (AFP, 7/4/12)
2012        Jul 3, Chinese police clashed for a second day with protesters in Shifang, who stopped the construction of a heavy metals factory over environmental concerns. Authorities bowed to violent protests and cancelled plans to build the controversial metals factory.
    (AFP, 7/3/12)(AFP, 7/4/12)
2012        Jul 3, In Colombia retired police general Mauricio Santoyo surrendered himself to US agents and was flown to the US to face drug trafficking charges. He allegedly received some $5 million for betraying counter-narcotics operation dating from 2002-2008.
    (SFC, 7/4/12, p.A2)
2012        Jul 3, In Honduras the pilot of a suspected drug flight was shot and killed in an anti-narcotics by two US Drug Enforcement Administration agents after he refused to surrender. A 2nd injure pilot was arrested. Honduran police said the twin-engine plane arriving from Colombia with a load of cocaine crashed while being chased by government aircraft.
    (AP, 7/9/12)
2012        Jul 3, In India officials said at least 95 have died in Assam state under the worst monsoon floods to hit in a decade.
    (SFC, 7/4/12, p.A2)
2012        Jul 3, In central Iraq a truck bomb blamed on Al-Qaeda killed at least 40 people at a crowded market in Diwaniyah. Two car bombs killed 6 people in Karbala. Two separate gun and bomb attacks in Diyala province killed 4 people. In Taji a policeman was among 2 people killed in simultaneous bomb attacks. Another bomb attack in the town of Tuz Khurmatu killed a policeman and wounded another. In Baghdad, a series of assassinations by gunmen using silenced pistols left 3 people dead two police officers and a parliament official. An army major was killed while leading raids on two suspected Al-Qaeda safe houses in which five alleged insurgents were detained.
    (AFP, 7/3/12)(AFP, 7/4/12)(SFC, 7/4/12, p.A3)
2012        Jul 3, In Italy Sergio Pininfarina (85), former head of Pininfarina SpA, died overnight in Turin. The family company was known for its designs of sleek Ferraris and other cars.
    (AP, 7/3/12)
2012        Jul 3, In Mexico a powerful car bomb exploded outside the home of the top police official of the border state of Tamaulipas, killing 2 policemen and injuring 4 officers and 3 civilians.
    (AP, 7/3/12)
2012        Jul 3, Mexico’s Agriculture Dept. said an outbreak of H7N3 bird flu virus has infected about 2.5 million chickens and led authorities to destroy or dispose almost a million birds in Jalisco state.
    (SFC, 7/6/12, p.A2)
2012        Jul 3, Myanmar's reformist government granted amnesties for at least 20 political prisoners, but opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi called for the release of hundreds more still behind bars.
    (AP, 7/3/12)
2012        Jul 3, Pakistan agreed to reopen its NATO supply line after the US said it was sorry for American airstrikes that killed 24 Pakistani soldiers in November. On July 4 Pakistan's Cabinet endorsed the decision to reopen the route.
    (AP, 7/4/12)
2012        Jul 3, In Peru protesters opposing the $4.8 billion Conga gold mine battled police and soldiers. The violence claimed at least 3 lives in Celendin, Cajamarca state. A 5th protester died on July 5 following 2 days of clashes. Cesar Medina (16) was returning home from an Internet cafe, his mother says, and got caught up in a crowd of demonstrators when police and soldiers opened fire. A bullet tore into his head, killing him instantly.
    (SFC, 7/4/12, p.A2)(SSFC, 7/8/12, p.A3)(AP, 7/14/12)
2012        Jul 3, Sudan inked oil exploration and production-sharing agreements with companies from Australia, Brazil, Canada, Egypt, France-Belgium and Nigeria.
    (AFP, 7/4/12)
2012        Jul 3, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said government troops pounded several rebel-held districts in the central city of Homs. The Observatory said 38 people were killed across the country.
    (AFP, 7/3/12)
2012        Jul 3, The Syrian Revolution General Commission (SRGC) pulled out of the Cairo conference, citing political disputes. The Syrian Kurdish National Council stormed out of the meeting, protesting that the final document failed to specifically mention the Kurds.
    (AFP, 7/4/12)
2012        Jul 3, Taiwan opened a space research control center, as part of an ambitious international project aimed at exploring the origins of the universe. Facilities at the Payload Operations and Control Center in the northern Lungtan township started monitoring signals transmitted from the International Space Station immediately after the inauguration.
    (AFP, 7/3/12)
2012        Jul 3, Zimbabwe's leaders made public a year's ultimatum to foreign-owned banks and other firms to cede a 51% stake to local black people in compliance with equity and empowerment laws. The government notice was dated June 30.
    (AFP, 7/3/12)

2012        Jul 4, In NYC Joey Chestnut of San Jose, Ca., won his 6th straight title matching his own record of eating 68 hot dogs in ten minutes at Nathan’s Coney Island contest.
    (SFC, 7/5/12, p.A7)
2012        Jul 4, In Afghanistan the French military handed over Kapisa province to local forces, completing an important stage in France's accelerated withdrawal from the war-torn country.
    (AFP, 7/4/12)
2012        Jul 4, Austrian police said they have identified 272 suspects in the country as part of a months long investigation of internet-based child pornography involving 141 nations.
    (AP, 7/4/12)
2012        Jul 4, Cambodian officials reported that 61 of 62 children, admitted to hospitals with a mysterious respiratory disease, have died. Lab tests soon confirmed that a virulent strain of hand, hoof and mouth disease, known as EV-71, was to blame for some of the cases.
    (SFC, 7/5/12, p.A5)(SFC, 7/10/12, p.A2)
2012        Jul 4, China’s giant and controversial Three Gorges Dam on the Yangtze River started working at full capacity as the last of its 32 generators went into operation.
    (AFP, 7/4/12)
2012        Jul 4, In China a coal mine in Hunan province flooded trapping 16 miners. Rescue workers pulled 8 miners out of the coal mine in Leiyang city on July 8, but another 3 were believed to be still trapped.
    (AFP, 7/5/12)(AFP, 7/8/12)(SFC, 7/9/12, p.A2)
2012        Jul 4, In Colombia a rebel assault killed 5 contractors for the state-owned Ecopetrol oil company in Puerto Caicedo, Putumayo state.
    (SFC, 7/5/12, p.A2)
2012        Jul 4, Egyptian security officials said university student Ahmed Hussein Eid (20) was fatally stabbed as his girlfriend looked on after three suspected Islamic militants confronted the couple and told them they should not be together in public. The killing followed murders of two musicians, also by suspected militants.
    (AP, 7/4/12)
2012        Jul 4, The European Parliament in Brussels overwhelmingly defeated the international ACTA anti-piracy trade agreement after concern that it would limit Internet freedom mobilized broad opposition across Europe.
    (AP, 7/4/12)
2012        Jul 4, In southern Germany police commandos stormed a Karlsruhe apartment after a hostage standoff and found five bodies, including that of the gunman. The man had opened fire when a bailiff and others went to his apartment to eject him for failing to pay his rent.
    (AP, 7/4/12)
2012        Jul 4, Three Kenyan musicians were charged for inciting ethnic violence through their songs, under laws set up following deadly post-poll violence four years ago.
    (AFP, 7/4/12)
2012        Jul 4, In central Iraq a car bombing at a market Iraq killed eight people and three others were murdered in Baghdad, the latest in a spike in nationwide unrest ahead of Shiite rituals.
    (AFP, 7/4/12)
2012        Jul 4, Israel's vice premier, Kadima chairman Shaul Mofaz, demanded that PM Benjamin Netanyahu accept a panel's contentious guidelines for reforming the country's military draft rules, but stopped short of explicitly threatening to quit the governing coalition if the Israeli leader refuses.
    (AP, 7/4/12)
2012        Jul 4, A body representing nations in western Africa sent notice that it does not recognize Mali’s Capt. Amadou Haya Sanogo’s status as a former head of state, and threatened sanctions against him if he continues to obstruct the return to constitutional rule.
    (AP, 7/7/12)
2012        Jul 4, Palestinians sought an international probe into the death of former president Yasser Arafat after an investigation showed he may have been poisoned with polonium.
    (AFP, 7/4/12)
2012        Jul 4, The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda said Theoneste Bagosora, the most high-profile detainee at the UN court for Rwanda, has been sent to Mali to serve his sentence along with three other prisoners. Seven other genocide suspects convicted by the court have been sent to Benin.
    (AFP, 7/4/12)
2012        Jul 4, Sweden granted permanent residency to Ahmed Agiza (49), a former Egyptian terror suspect. The Swedish government has acknowledged blame for the circumstances of the 2001 deportation and that Agiza and fellow Egyptian Muhammed Alzery were tortured in Egypt. It has awarded them 3 million kronor ($433,000) each in compensation for circumstances related to their deportations.
    (AFP, 7/4/12)
2012        Jul 4, Physicists at CERN, Switzerland, said they had found a new sub-atomic particle consistent with the elusive Higgs boson which is believed to confer mass. “We have discovered a boson, and now we have to determine what kind of boson it is." Finding the Higgs would validate the Standard Model, a theory which identifies the building blocks for matter and the particles that convey fundamental forces.
    (AFP, 7/4/12)
2012        Jul 4, A Swedish ad team from Studio Total dropped hundreds of teddy bears carrying messages promoting human rights onto Belarus. On Aug 11 the ad team was summoned by Belarus' top security agency — the KGB — for violating the country's air space. On Aug 14 Studio Total instead offered to discuss the stunt directly with Belarus President Alexander Lukashenko and invited him to Sweden.
    (AP, 8/11/12)(AP, 8/14/12)
2012        Jul 4, The Swiss government temporarily blocked all arms shipments to the United Arab Emirates after a newspaper published a photograph indicating that a Swiss-made hand grenade was found in Syria. The hand grenade appearing in a photograph published July 1 by Zurich weekly Sonntagszeitung came from a shipment of 225,162 hand grenades by Swiss-based RUAG Holding AG to the United Arab Emirates in 2003.
    (AP, 7/5/12)
2012        Jul 4, Syria's fractured opposition groups wound up talks in Cairo that descended into chaos and even fist fights as they tried to forge a common vision for a transition in their country. They did agree on the final documents, which included an end to the Assad regime, support of the Free Syrian Army, and agreement on basic constitutional principles of justice, democracy and pluralism.
    (AFP, 7/4/12)
2012        Jul 4, In Thailand an explosion at an oil refinery in an industrial area of Bangkok sparked a massive fire. There were no reported injuries, but it prompted the government to close the 120,000 barrels-a-day refinery for at least 30 days.
    (AFP, 7/4/12)
2012        Jul 4, The independent Tunisian authority (INRIC) charged with reforming the media announced that it had shut down after failing to achieve its objective, accusing the Islamist-dominated government of censorship.
    (AFP, 7/4/12)
2012        Jul 4, Ukraine opposition activists clashed with riot police in the center of Kiev and Parliament Speaker Volodymyr Lytvyn resigned after the legislature passed a bill that would upgrade the status of the Russian language. The president has said he has not decided whether to approve or veto the bill, but Lytvyn's resignation was likely to delay that process because it cannot be submitted to the president without the speaker's signature.
    (AP, 7/4/12)

2012        Jul 5, The United States placed sanctions on six alleged backers of Al-Qaeda-linked Shebab rebels in Somalia, naming them as two Eritrean government officials, a Sudanese national and three Kenyans.
    (AFP, 7/5/12)
2012        Jul 5, The first trucks supplying NATO troops in Afghanistan crossed the border from Pakistan after Islamabad ended a seven-month blockade.
    (AFP, 7/5/12)
2012        Jul 5, Human Rights Watch criticized Angola for its "alarming" crackdown on anti-government protestors amid a growing public show of dissent in the run-up to next month's elections.
    (AFP, 7/5/12)
2012        Jul 5, Argentina convicted Rafael Videla (86) and Reynaldo Bignone (84), two former dictators, for the systematic stealing of babies from political prisoners 30 years ago. Seven of their co-defendants were also convicted on charges involving the theft of 34 babies.
    (AP, 7/5/12)
2012        Jul 5, In Argentina the interest for small and medium-sized business loans was set to 15 percent a year. Facing clear signs of a looming recession, Argentina's president ordered banks to lend $3.3 billion of their clients' savings at rates below what many believe to be the level of inflation. Many analysts estimated inflation at around 25 percent.
    (AP, 7/5/12)
2012        Jul 5, The British government gave details of major army cuts which will see it lose 20,000 regular soldiers by 2020, taking force levels to their lowest since the early 19th century.
    (AFP, 7/5/12)
2012        Jul 5, British police in London arrested 6 people over an alleged plot to launch a terrorist attack. A 7th person, female (22) was arrested on July 7. A woman (30) among the 6 arrested was reported released without charge on July 8.
    (AP, 7/7/12)(AFP, 7/8/12)
2012        Jul 5, Europe's tallest skyscraper the Shard was inaugurated in London by Qatari PM Hamad bin Jassem al-Thani, whose country has funded it, and Queen Elizabeth II's son Prince Andrew. The name was coined by its Italian architect Renzo Piano.
    (AFP, 7/5/12)
2012        Jul 5, Capital Economics, a British-based consultancy, scooped the Wolfson Economics Prize for coming up with the best method for an "orderly exit" of one or more member countries wishing to leave the European Monetary Union.
    (AFP, 7/5/12)
2012        Jul 5, London's iconic but derelict Battersea Power Station was acquired by a Malaysian consortium for £400 million ($620 million, 501 million euros).
    (AFP, 7/5/12)
2012        Jul 5, Colin Marshall (78), who guided British Airways on its transition from state ownership to privatization, died. He was appointment as chief executive of British Airways in 1983 and was given a knighthood after the airline was privatized in 1987.
    (AFP, 7/11/12)
2012        Jul 5, China pledged financial aid to Cuba as it undertakes historic economic reforms, promising visiting President Raul Castro a new credit line as well as help in health care and technology. During Raul Castro's four-day visit to China he met President Hu Jintao and secured pledges from Beijing for financial aid, among other measures, to help the country in sectors such as technology and healthcare.
    (AFP, 7/5/12)(AFP, 7/8/12)
2012        Jul 5, The DR Congo's army (FARDC) launched an offensive to rout mutinous armed troops of the March 23 Movement (M23) near the Virunga national park. North Kivu residents reported that M23 rebels attacked and fought army troops to dislodge them from Jomba, the only major village on the road from Bunagana border post to the eastern town of Rutshuru, a border crossing into Uganda and Rwanda. A UN peacekeeper from India was killed in clashes. The entire population of Bunagana and some 600 Congolese troops moved into Uganda.
    (AFP, 7/6/12)(AP, 7/5/12)
2012        Jul 5, A Dubai court ordered the release on bail of Ohio-raised Zack Shahin (52), who was in jail on fraud charges and has been on a hunger strike since May 14. Shahin, at the time managing director of property developer Deyaar, was arrested in 2008 and charged the following year with embezzling more than 98 million dirhams (then $27 million). Shahin was released on July 12, but was soon caught fleeing the country.
    (AFP, 7/6/12)(AP, 7/13/12)(AP, 9/6/12)
2012        Jul 5, The European Central Bank cut its key interest rate a quarter point to 0.75%. Its rate on deposits dropped to zero percent.
    (SFC, 7/6/12, p.A2)(Econ, 7/14/12, p.66)
2012        Jul 5, India and Pakistan ended two days of peace talks, vowing to keep their dialogue on track despite renewed tensions over the alleged role of Pakistani "state actors" in the 2008 Mumbai attacks.
    (AFP, 7/5/12)
2012        Jul 5, Iraq's top diplomat said he had "solid information" that al-Qaida militants were crossing from Iraq to Syria to carry out attacks. Explosions in Baghdad and Mosul killed at least six people and wounded 17 more. The Baghdad attack targeted the house of a government official killing his wife and two daughters.
    (AFP, 7/5/12)
2012        Jul 5, Kuwait's ruler, Sheik Sabah Al Ahmad Al Sabah, reappointed PM Sheik Jaber Al Hamad Al Sabah following his resignation earlier this week, setting the stage for the formation of a new government.
    (AFP, 7/5/12)
2012        Jul 5, Malaysia reported that police have detained 100 people in nationwide raids on international crime syndicates who bet millions of dollars on the Euro 2012 championship. Police conducted almost 150 raids across the country in May and June in collaboration with officials from China, Macau, Hong Kong and Singapore among other nations.
    (AFP, 7/5/12)   
2012        Jul 5, In Panama the International Whaling Commission rejected a request from Denmark for a whaling quota for indigenous groups in Greenland. Two days earlier it approved the renewal of bowhead whale quotas for indigenous subsistence whaling in Alaska and Russia and for St. Vincent and the Grenadines in the Caribbean. The United States says it doesn't support a South Korean plan to restart whale hunting for purportedly scientific purposes.
    (AP, 7/6/12)
2012        Jul 5, Russia's chief investigator ordered a review of a closed probe against prominent opposition leader Alexei Navalny, raising the pressure on those leading protests against President Vladimir Putin.
    (AP, 7/5/12)
2012        Jul 5, South Korean activist No Su-hui (68) was arrested as soon as he set foot on home soil, resisting police in a stunt of defiance after an unapproved, 3-month stay in the North.
    (AP, 7/5/12)
2012        Jul 5, Rivals Sudan and South Sudan resumed security talks aimed at easing tensions on the disputed border, after they failed to reach a deal at negotiations last week.
    (AFP, 7/5/12)
2012        Jul 5, The Red Cross said rebels in Sudan's Darfur region have freed more than 60 Sudanese soldiers who have been handed over to government authorities.
    (AFP, 7/5/12)
2012        Jul 5, In Ukraine some 1,000 opposition activists rallied in Kiev to protest legislation upgrading the status of the Russian language.
    (AP, 7/5/12)
2012        Jul 5, Uganda arrested Thaddee Kwitonda (51), a Belgian citizen of Rwandan origin, in Kampala after police tracked his movements for several months. He was wanted by a court in his adopted homeland for involvement in the 1994 genocide.
    (AFP, 7/6/12)
2012        Jul 5, The UN Security Council passed a resolution calling for sanctions against Al-Qaeda fighters in Mali but again held back giving a UN mandate to a proposed African force in the conflict-stricken country.
    (AFP, 7/5/12)

2012        Jul 6, The United States again urged members of an exiled Iranian opposition group, the People's Mujahedeen of Iran, also known as the Mujahedeen-e Khalq (MEK), to leave their long-time base in Iraq, saying a move could facilitate their removal from a US terror blacklist.
    (AFP, 7/6/12)
2012        Jul 6, California lawmakers approved billions of dollars in construction financing for the initial segment of the nation's first dedicated high-speed rail line connecting Los Angeles and San Francisco.
    (AP, 7/7/12)
2012        Jul 6, In Afghanistan a bomb blast killed three children and wounded two others in the Gereshk district of Helmand province.
    (AFP, 7/7/12)
2012        Jul 6, The British government hoisted the rainbow flag symbolizing gay pride over one of its ministries for the first time.
    (AFP, 7/6/12)
2012        Jul 6, China's state-run Catholic church ordained Father Yue Fusheng as Bishop in the northeastern city of Harbin in defiance of the Vatican.
    (AFP, 7/6/12)
2012        Jul 6, In northeast India four men on motorcycles shot and killed two Muslims in Assam state. Indigenous animist Bodo tribesmen have said the mostly Muslim Bengali-speakers are illegal immigrants from Bangladesh and want them kicked out.
    (Econ, 8/25/12, p.29)
2012        Jul 6, In Iraq millions of Shiite pilgrims commemorated the birth of a central figure in Shiite Islam in Karbala under heavy security measures after a series of recent attacks targeting worshippers. A suicide bomber detonated an explosives-rigged belt at a gathering of his own family, killing his pro-government cousin and six other relatives in Ramadi.
    (AFP, 7/6/12)(AP, 7/7/12)
2012        Jul 6, Israel's immigration police were granted the power to remove foreigners without permits from the occupied West Bank. Last month, the immigration police began a nationwide crackdown on the estimated 60,000 illegal African migrants living in Israel.
    (AFP, 7/13/12)
2012        Jul 6, Japan, Norway and their allies blocked a bid to give the UN a greater role in protecting whales, as sought by conservationists frustrated by deep polarization over whaling as the International Whaling Commission closed its latest annual meeting in Panama marred by intense divisions.
    (AFP, 7/6/12)
2012        Jul 6, In Libya militias shut down three oil refineries, in Ras Sedr, Brega and Sedra, in the country's east on the eve of national elections to press the transitional government to cancel the vote. They want the July 7 vote for a 200-member national assembly canceled because they say the vote will marginalize the oil-rich east, which has been allocated less than a third of the parliamentary seats.
    (AP, 7/6/12)
2012        Jul 6, Malawi's President Joyce Banda released 377 prisoners to mark 48 years of independence from Britain, but left child rapists to "die" behind bars.
    (AFP, 7/6/12)
2012        Jul 6, In southwest Pakistan unidentified gunmen killed 18 people who were trying to illegally cross into neighboring Iran in three vehicles.
    (AFP, 7/7/12)
2012        Jul 6, Pakistani police seized a large number of ancient Buddhist sculptures from a container in Karachi that smugglers were attempting to spirit out of the country.
    (SSFC, 7/8/12, p.A4)
2012        Jul 6, Romanian lawmakers impeached President Traian Basescu (60) in a 216-114 vote, paving the way for a national referendum that could see the divisive and increasingly unpopular leader ousted from the powerful position he's held for eight years. Basescu's opponents accused him of overstepping his authority by meddling with the prime minister's office and trying to influence judicial affairs.
    (AP, 7/6/12)
2012        Jul 6, A South African newspaper cartoon depicting President Jacob Zuma as a penis drew condemnation from the ruling ANC just weeks after furor over a painting which exposed his genitals.
    (AFP, 7/6/12)
2012        Jul 6, In Sudan activists, politicians and students were among many people arrested during the latest anti-regime demonstrations at the Wad Nubawi mosque of the opposition Umma party in Khartoum's twin city of Omdurman.
    (AFP, 7/7/12)
2012        Jul 6, In Sudan Ibrahim Balandiya, the speaker of the legislature in South Kordofan state, was killed in an ambush along with seven other people. Rebels in the region denied any involvement.
    (AFP, 7/7/12)
2012        Jul 6, Swaziland police used tear gas to disperse protesters marching to demand more pay for teachers in the tiny southern African nation.
    (AP, 7/6/12)
2012        Jul 6, In Syria anti-regime activists say government forces have killed at least 25 people over the last two days, arrested scores more and torched dozens of homes while seizing the northern city of Khan Sheikhoun from rebels. It emerged that General Munaf Tlass, the son of a former defense minister who was a close friend of Assad's late father and predecessor, Hafez, had defected. The United States and its international allies called for new, global sanctions against President Bashar Assad's regime.
    (AP, 7/6/12)(AP, 7/6/12)
2012        Jul 6, The United Nations Children’s Fund said that armed groups occupying northern Mali were recruiting children, while others had been raped and killed by explosive devices.
    (AFP, 7/6/12)
2012        Jul 6, The UN Human Rights Council set up a 3-person panel to probe Jewish settlements in the occupied Palestinian territories, a move that further irked Israel which said it will bar its access to the sites of inquiry.
    (AFP, 7/7/12)

2012        Jul 7, The Obama administration declared Afghanistan the United States' newest "major non-NATO ally," an action designed to facilitate close defense cooperation after US combat troops withdraw from the country in 2014. Afghanistan was the 15th such country to receive the designation.
    (AP, 7/7/12)
2012        Jul 7, Thousands of visitors climbed aboard the USS Iowa as the storied WWII and Cold War battleship opened as a museum at the port of Los Angeles.
    (Reuters, 7/7/12)
2012        Jul 7, In Massachusetts Democratic Representative Barney Frank wed his longtime partner, James Ready, becoming the first sitting congressman to enter into a same-sex marriage.
    (Reuters, 7/7/12)
2012        Jul 7, The US Border patrol said agents had opened fire along the Rio Grande border after being pelted by rocks. A Mexican citizen was fatally shot at the Los Tomates-Veterans int’l. bridge in Brownsville, Texas.
    (SFC, 7/10/12, p.A4)
2012        Jul 7,     Philip L. Fradkin (b.1935), environmental journalist and historian, died at his home in Point Reyes, Ca. His 13 books included “A River No More" (1981), about the taming of the Colorado River and “Wallace Stegner and the American West" (2008).
    (SFC, 7/11/12, p.C5)
2012        Jul 7, A video obtained by Reuters showed a man shooting dead a woman accused of adultery in front of a crowd near Kabul. Provincial Governor Basir Salangi said the video was shot a week ago in the village of Qimchok in Shinwari district. Salangi said two Taliban commanders were sexually involved with the woman, either through rape or romantically, and decided to torture her and then kill her to settle a dispute between the two of them.
    (Reuters, 7/7/12)
2012        Jul 7, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb ripped through a pickup truck in the Chora district of Uruzgan province killing six people. Another bomb exploded in the Gereshk district of Helmand province, killing one child and wounding another. A rocket attack targeting the governor's office in Farah province killed one civilian and wounded 26 others. A NATO service member was killed in southern Afghanistan in a roadside bomb explosion.
    (AFP, 7/7/12)(AP, 7/8/12)
2012        Jul 7, In Burkina Faso West African presidents (ECOWAS) met with civil leaders from Mali in a bid to secure a national unity government to tackle a crisis in the north where Islamists have enforced Sharia law.
    (AFP, 7/7/12)
2012        Jul 7, In China the Rev. Thaddeus Ma Daqin was consecrated as auxiliary bishop of Shanghai. Ma announced that he would no longer work for the Chinese Patriotic Catholic Association (CCPA), the government body that oversees Catholics in China.
    (SFC, 7/11/12, p.A6)(Economist, 9/8/12, p.42)
2012        Jul 7, East Timor's voters went to the polls in parliamentary elections seen as a key test for the young and fragile democracy and likely to determine if UN peacekeepers can leave by the end of the year. Preliminary results showed resistance hero Xanana Gusmao to be set for a new term as premier after his party won most seats in parliamentary polls, but will have to form a coalition.
    (AFP, 7/7/12)(AFP, 7/8/12)
2012        Jul 7, Egyptian border guards arrested 68 Eritreans and Ethiopians trying to sneak across the border into Israel.
    (AFP, 7/8/12)
2012        Jul 7, Thousands of Israelis took to the streets in Tel Aviv to call on the government to require all sectors of society to participate in national service.
    (AFP, 7/8/12)
2012        Jul 7, In Libya hundreds of protesters burned ballots to demand greater representation although most residents of the Mediterranean city of Benghazi voted in historic elections. Acts of sabotage, mostly in the east of the country, prevented 101 polling stations from opening. 80 seats were set aside for party lists, while the remaining 120 were for individual independent candidates. In Benghazi the liberal National Forces Alliance took 95,733 votes against 16,143 for the Islamist Justice and Construction Party (JCP). The National Forces Alliance, a liberal coalition led by wartime prime minister Mahmud Jibril, gained 39 of 80 seats open to parties in the General National Congress. The Justice and Construction Party, which was launched by Libya's Muslim Brotherhood, took only 17 seats. The remainder of party seats went to a constellation of smaller, lesser-known parties.
    (AFP, 7/7/12)(AP, 7/8/12)(AFP, 7/11/12)(AFP, 7/17/12)
2012        Jul 7, In Mexico tens of thousands of people marched in Mexico City to protest Enrique Pena Nieto's apparent win in the country's presidential election, accusing his long ruling party of buying votes.
    (AP, 7/7/12)
2012        Jul 7, Myanmar authorities released all of the student leaders detained in the country's biggest crackdown on activists since the dissolution of the junta. At least 20 people were detained ahead of today’s commemoration a 1962 crackdown, sparking calls for their immediate release.
    (AFP, 7/7/12)
2012        Jul 7, In Nigeria assailants launched "sophisticated attacks" on several villages near Jos. At least 80 people were killed and more than 300 displaced people from the attacks. Similar raids have been blamed on Muslim herdsmen in the past.
    (AP, 7/8/12)(AFP, 7/9/12)
2012        Jul 7, An explosion injured five Palestinian children in the central Gaza Strip, a hospital said, blaming Israeli tank fire. Witnesses said, however, that there were no Israeli tanks in the area at the time and that the explosion might have been caused by an old bomb.
    (AFP, 7/7/12)
2012        Jul 7, In the Philippines presidential palace said President Benigno Aquino has signed a long-delayed executive order revamping the mining industry.
    (AFP, 7/7/12)
2012        Jul 7, In Russia overnight rains dumped as much as 28 cm (about 11 inches) of water on parts of the Krasnodar region. Water rushed into the hard-hit town of Krymsk with such speed and volume that residents said they suspected that water had been released from a reservoir in the mountains above. Federal investigators acknowledged that water had been released from the reservoir, but they insisted it did not cause the flooding and the dam had not been breached. The death toll in the southern Black Sea region soon reached 171.
    (AP, 7/7/12)(AP, 7/8/12)(AP, 7/9/12)
2012        Jul 7, Somali security forces said they had detained over 500 people in a two-day operation in the Mogadishu area who were either Islamist rebel fighters or had have links to them.
    (AFP, 7/8/12)
2012        Jul 7, Sudan and South Sudan pledged to cease hostilities along their disputed oil-rich border but stopped short of actually signing an agreement.
    (AFP, 7/7/12)
2012        Jul 7, In Sudan  Kamal Omar, head of the politburo in the opposition Popular Congress Party, was taken from his home by suspected agents of the National Intelligence and Security Service. Omar was to fly to Qatar on July 9 for an appearance on Al-Jazeera satellite news channel.
    (AFP, 7/7/12)
2012        Jul 7, Syria's military began large-scale exercises simulating defense against outside "aggression." Activists struggling to topple the regime reported fierce government offensives to try to retake rebellious areas outside of Aleppo and near Damascus. Shells fired from inside Syria killed 2 Lebanese civilians and injured 10 others. 77 people were killed across Syria, among them 39 civilians, 25 soldiers and 13 rebels.
    (AP, 7/7/12)(AP, 7/8/12)(AFP, 7/8/12)
2012        Jul 7, Taiwanese residents of the offshore island of Matsu voted in favor of opening Taiwan's first legal casino.
    (AFP, 7/7/12)
2012        Jul 7, In Ukraine a bus carrying Russian religious pilgrims crashed killing 14 of 45 people onboard near Chernihiv.
    (SSFC, 7/8/12, p.A4)
2012        Jul 7, In Yemen 2 protesters were killed and one man was left "clinically dead" and several people were shot and wounded, including three police, as a separatist march in Aden turned into a gunbattle. In the town of Seyun in Hadramawt province, one protester was killed and four others were wounded.
    (AFP, 7/7/12)(AFP, 7/8/12)

2012        Jul 8, A blistering heat wave finally showed signs of letting up across the US Midwest and Northeast, with more moderate temperatures bringing relief to overheated residents from Chicago to New York, according to meteorologists. The unrelenting heat left at least 30 people across half the country.
    (AP, 7/8/12)
2012        Jul 8, Dozens of women who attended a Rhode Island high school run by the disgraced Legion of Christ religious order urged the Vatican to close the program, saying the psychological abuse they endured trying to live like teenage nuns led to multiple cases of anorexia, stress-induced migraines, depression and even suicidal thoughts. On July 12 The Legion's lay branch Regnum Christi posted a statement on its website outlining changes.
    (AP, 7/9/12)(AP, 7/13/12)
2012        Jul 8, Ernest Borgnine (b.1917), American film and TV star, died. He created a variety of memorable characters in both movies and television and won the best-actor Oscar for his role as a lovesick butcher in "Marty" in 1955. He was also known as the Navy officer in the television series "McHale's Navy," which aired from 1962-66.
    (SFC, 7/9/12, p.C4)
2012        Jul 8, In Afghanistan roadside bombs killed 18 civilians, including 7 women, traveling in three vehicles in southern Kandahar province close to the Pakistan border. A NATO service member was killed in southern Afghanistan during an insurgent attack. 5 Afghan policemen were killed while responding to a gun battle being waged against insurgents at a checkpoint in the Musa Qala district of Helmand province. 6 Americans were killed when their armored vehicle struck a bomb planted in Wardak province.
    (AFP, 7/8/12)(AP, 7/8/12)(AP, 7/9/12)
2012        Jul 8, Donor nations meeting in Tokyo pledged $16 billion for Afghanistan to prevent the country from sliding back into turmoil when foreign combat troops depart, but called on Kabul to implement reforms to fight graft. The conference hosted representatives from about 80 nations and international organizations in a gathering aimed at adopting the "Tokyo Declaration," pledging support and cash.
    (AFP, 7/8/12)
2012        Jul 8, China started work on a 30-billion-yuan ($4.8-billion) tourism project in Lhasa city, as it seeks to draw more travelers to the restive Tibet region.
    (AFP, 7/8/12)
2012        Jul 8, In China a gas blast at a coal mine in the central province of Hunan killed seven people, the latest in a string of accidents in the country's dangerous mining industry.
    (AFP, 7/8/12)
2012        Jul 8, In CongoDRC M23 rebels seized the eastern town of Rutshuru after the army fled their advance. A local official said the army looted during their retreat. M23 also took the towns of Ntamugenga and Rubare. 8 armored vehicles from the United Nations mission fled Rutshuru for a UN base five kilometers away in Kiwanja, where many local residents were sheltering in a camp for displaced people. Rebels said they would cede most of their gains to UN peacekeepers and police.
    (AFP, 7/8/12)
2012        Jul 8, Egypt's new President Mohamed Morsi issued a decree annulling the Supreme Court's June 14 dissolution of the Islamist-dominated parliament.
    (AFP, 7/8/12)
2012        Jul 8, Iraqi Kurdistan said it has begun sending oil produced in its three-province autonomous region out of the country without the express permission of the central government. It was being exported to Turkey so it could be refined into various products before being brought back to Kurdistan.
    (AFP, 7/8/12)
2012        Jul 8, Israel PM Benjamin Netanyahu announced he will back a controversial plan to compel ultra-Orthodox Jews and Arab Israelis to complete compulsory military or community service.
    (AFP, 7/8/12)
2012        Jul 8, Kuwait's Zain telecom said its Iraqi unit has been fined $12,877 a day since September 1 for failing to list on the Iraqi bourse but will seek to have the penalty that has reached $4 million scrapped.
    (AFP, 7/8/12)
2012        Jul 8, In Nigeria a federal lawmaker and a state lawmaker were killed in an ambush on their way to a mass burial for victims near Jos. At least 20 others were killed when gunmen stormed the funeral of those killed a day earlier. Boko Haram later claimed that it was responsible for the attacks.
    (AP, 7/9/12)(AFP, 7/9/12)(AP, 7/13/12)
2012        Jul 8, In Pakistan thousands of hardline Islamists streamed toward Islamabad in a massive convoy of vehicles to protest the government's decision to allow the US and other NATO countries to resume shipping troop supplies through the country to Afghanistan.
    (AP, 7/8/12)
2012        Jul 8, In Saudi Arabia Sheik Nimr al-Nimr was arrested after he and followers exchanged fire with security forces and crashed into one of the patrol vehicles. Al-Nimr, who was wounded in the leg, faced charges of instigating unrest in the oil-rich eastern province.
    (AP, 7/8/12)
2012        Jul 8, Saudi Arabia’s Prince Mohammed bin Saud (78), a senior prince and former defense minister, died. He wielded influence as part of a council of royal family members that helps select the heirs to rule the country.
    (AP, 7/8/12)
2012        Jul 8, Sudanese security forces fired tear gas after demonstrations broke out at the University of Khartoum, where nationwide protests against high prices began last month.
    (AFP, 7/8/12)
2012        Jul 8, Syrian forces pounded Aleppo and Deir Ezzor provinces as at least 35 people were killed across the country, among them 17 civilians.
    (AFP, 7/8/12)
2012        Jul 8, In Vietnam Cuban President Raul Castro met with state leaders following a visit to China, as Havana looks to old communist allies while it attempts to push through historic economic reforms.
    (AFP, 7/8/12)

2012        Jul 9, Afghan suicide bombers in Kandahar city killed 2 children and wounded 6 others, when their explosive vests detonated prematurely as they went to attack police. 3 insurgents were killed after they launched an attack on Kandahar city police headquarters. A suicide bomber on a bicycle tried to attack a police vehicle in Shibirghan, the capital of Jawzjan province. The explosive-laden bicycle detonated before reaching its target and wounded 24 civilians and 2 police. Gunmen assassinated a chief prosecutor in Ghazni province.
    (AFP, 7/9/12)(AP, 7/9/12)
2012        Jul 9, Some 40,000 Algerian police auxiliaries, who once helped in the fight against armed Islamist groups, tried to march on the capital to demand pay rises and other benefits but were blocked by police.
    (AFP, 7/10/12)
2012        Jul 9, Boeing Co. clinched the first big deal of this year's Farnborough Airshow with a firm order from Air Lease Corp. for 75 of its redesigned 737 aircraft worth $7.2 billion.
    (AP, 7/9/12)
2012        Jul 9, A British judge ruled that Samsung's Galaxy tablet was not "cool" enough to be confused with Apple's iPad giving South Korea's Samsung a patent battle win against US rival Apple.
    (AFP, 7/9/12)
2012        Jul 9, British police found Eva Rausing (48) dead at her multimillion-pound (dollar) London home. Initial post-mortem examinations failed to establish a formal cause of her death. Her husband Hans Kristian Rausing (49) is an heir to the Tetra Pak fortune his father built in Sweden as a globally successful manufacturer of laminated cardboard drink containers. British media later reported that she had been dead for several days. On August 1 Rausing pleaded guilty to preventing her proper burial and was given a 10-month suspended jail sentence. On Dec 14 a coroner said she died from cocaine abuse.
    (AFP, 7/11/12)(SFC, 7/18/12, p.A2)(AP, 8/1/12)(AP, 12/14/12)
2012        Jul 9, Nabeel Rajab, a prominent Bahraini human rights activist, was found guilty and sentenced to three months in jail on charges linked to anti-government comments he made on social media.
    (AP, 7/9/12)
2012        Jul 9, Canadian nuclear engineers at the Candu Energy subsidiary of the SNC-Lavalin Group Inc went on strike in a contract dispute and no talks to end the walkout are scheduled. About 700 engineers joined 144 others who have been on strike for five weeks.
    (Reuters, 7/9/12)
2012        Jul 9, Egypt's highest court insisted that its ruling that led to the dissolution of the Islamist-dominated parliament was final and binding, setting up a showdown with the country's newly elected president. Egypt's MENA state news agency said speaker Saad el-Katatni has called for parliament to meet on July 10.
    (AP, 7/9/12)
2012        Jul 9, Abbes Settou of Eritrea, who drank sea water to survive, was spotted clinging to a jerry can and the remains of the stricken boat off the Tunisian coast by fishermen who alerted the coast guard. 54 migrants trying to reach Italy died of thirst when their inflatable boat ruptured in the Mediterranean.
    (AFP, 7/11/12)
2012        Jul 9, Indian officials said devastating floods in the northeast have killed around 600 animals in Kaziranga National Park, Assam state, including 14 threatened one-horned rhinos.
    (AFP, 7/9/12)
2012        Jul 9, A spokeswoman for Italian oil major Eni SpA said in a statement that repair work was ongoing on its Nembe-Obama pipeline and blamed sabotage for the spill from one of its pipelines in Nigeria's oil-rich southern delta.
    (AP, 7/9/12)
2012        Jul 9, An Ivory Coast official said 12 inmates have escaped from Abidjan's main prison, in the second prison break in two months. He said an alarm failed to function because of an electricity outage and that four inmates remained on the run after the weekend escape.
    (AP, 7/10/12)
2012        Jul 9, A Malaysian official said customs officers have made the country's biggest drug bust so far this year, seizing nearly three million party drug pills worth 58.28 million ringgit ($18.4 million). The Erimin 5 pills were hidden in 20 boxes along with some goods including chewing tobacco. 5 people including a woman and her Bangladeshi husband have been arrested and faced a possible death sentence on suspicion of drug trafficking.
    (AFP, 7/9/12)
2012        Jul 9, In Morocco a bus speeding on a mountainous road along the Mediterranean crashed outside the city of Nador, killing 10 people and injuring 33 others. Another bus flipped over on the highway as it traveled between the Atlantic coast tourist destinations of Essaouira and Agadir, killing 17 people including those of a German and a Dutch tourist.
    (AFP, 7/10/12)
2012        Jul 9, In Pakistan gunmen killed 7 soldiers and a policeman in an attack on an army camp near Gujrat.
    (SFC, 7/10/12, p.A4)
2012        Jul 9, Palestinian militants in Gaza fired a rocket which crashed into an uninhabited area of southern Israel without causing casualties or damage. The Israeli air force carried out an air raid on the Gaza Strip overnight, in retaliation for a Palestinian rocket attack.
    (AFP, 7/10/12)
2012        Jul 9, In Saudi Arabia 2 Shiites were killed in overnight clashes with police in the eastern province of Qatif following the arrest of a prominent Shiite cleric and government critic. The new deaths bring to nine the number of people killed in clashes between Saudi authorities and protesters in the Shiite-populated region.
    (AFP, 7/9/12)
2012        Jul 9, In Yemen two protesters were killed and a man was left "clinically dead" during clashes in the Mansoura district of Aden which for months has been controlled by southern separatists who have their own militia.
    (AFP, 7/11/12)

2012        Jul 10, Dozens of people were charged in what US federal authorities called a highly sophisticated six-year-long, loan fraud scheme that robbed $2.7 million from at least 2,000 victims with poor credit histories in Canada and the United States.
    (Reuters, 7/10/12)
2012        Jul 10, A damning report on the Australian military detailed 24 allegations of rape that never went to trial and other claims that Defence Minister Stephen Smith admitted would "shock" people. Smith released an entire 1,500-page document detailing 847 alleged incidents of sexual or other abuse dating back to the 1950s.
    (AFP, 7/10/12)
2012        Jul 10, Barclay’s chairman Marcus Agius said former chief executive Bob Diamond will give up bonuses worth £20 million after resigning over a rate-rigging scandal. Agius also said Diamond would still receive a final pay-off of around £2 million.
    (AFP, 7/10/12)
2012        Jul 10, Boeing Co. revealed a further large order for its remodeled short-haul 737 aircraft, a $9.2 billion with GE Capital Aviation Services. Rival Airbus announced its first billion-dollar order at this year's Farnborough Airshow.
    (AP, 7/10/12)
2012        Jul 10, In Brazil Eugenio de Araujo Sales (91), the former archbishop of Rio de Janeiro (1971-2001), died. He claimed to have provided shelter to some 5,000 opponents of Brazil’s 1964-1985 political refugees fleeing dictatorships in Argentina and Chile.
    (SFC, 7/11/12, p.A2)
2012        Jul 10, Egypt's Islamist-dominated parliament opened a new front in the country's leadership showdowns by meeting in defiance of orders that disbanded the chamber and brought President Mohammed Morsi in conflict with both the powerful military and the highest court. The session was brief, lasting just five minutes. The Supreme Constitutional Court on annulled a decree by newly-elected President Mohamed Morsi reinstating the Islamist-led lower house of parliament. Thousands of protesters rallied in Tahrir Square in support of Morsi.
    (AP, 7/10/12)(AFP, 7/11/12)
2012        Jul 10, An Israeli court cleared former PM Ehud Olmert of the central charges in a multi-case corruption trial that forced him from power, but convicted him of a lesser charge of breach of trust. His conviction on the lesser charge of "breach of trust" made him the first Israeli prime minister ever convicted of a crime.
    (AP, 7/10/12)
2012        Jul 10, Israel released Mahmoud Sarsak (25), a member of the Palestinian national soccer team. He had been held for three years without formal charges and pushed for his freedom with a hunger strike of more than 90 days.
    (AP, 7/10/12)
2012        Jul 10, Jordan said it has set up a camp to accommodate a growing number of refugees fleeing violence in Syria.
    (AP, 7/10/12)
2012        Jul 10, The Islamists controlling northern Mali destroyed two tombs at the ancient Djingareyber mud mosque in Timbuktu, an endangered World Heritage site.
    (AFP, 7/10/12)
2012        Jul 10, Mexico’s El Manana newspaper in the northern border city of Nuevo Laredo announced that it will stop covering violent criminal disputes after suffering a second grenade attack against its offices in two months. Gunmen threw grenades and opened fire on two buildings belonging to the El Norte newspaper in the northern state of Nuevo Leon. No injuries were reported.
    (AP, 7/12/12)
2012        Jul 10, Myanmar state media said dozens of Thai nationals will face charges after they were held for illegally crossing the border to run rubber plantations.
    (AFP, 7/10/12)
2012        Jul 10, In the Netherlands the International Criminal Court sentenced Congolese warlord Thomas Lubanga to 14 years in prison, a potential landmark in the struggle to protect children during wartime. Lubanga was found guilty in March of recruiting and using children in his Union of Congolese Patriots militia.
    (AP, 7/10/12)
2012        Jul 10, In Nigeria a bombing of a church killed 3 people. Boko Haram extremists were suspected.
    (AP, 7/9/13)
2012        Jul 10, A Moscow Regional Court said that Elena Osina (24) and her brother (21) pleaded guilty to attempted murder regarding a May 2011 incident. The young mother and her brother were sentenced to eight years in prison after they admitted putting the woman's 9-month son on a four-lane highway in hopes he would get killed.
    (AP, 7/10/12)
2012        Jul 10, South Korean police said they were investigating 27 North Korean refugees for swindling private insurance firms out of hundreds of thousands of dollars in bogus medical claims. More than 23,500 North Koreans have settled in the South since the 1950-53 war.
    (AFP, 7/10/12)
2012        Jul 10, Spanish coal miners angered by huge cuts in subsidies converged on Madrid for protest rallies after walking nearly three weeks under a blazing sun from the pits where they eke out a living.
    (AP, 7/10/12)
2012        Jul 10, In Syria 82 people were killed in violence including 30 civilians, 26 soldiers and 26 rebels according to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights.
    (AFP, 7/11/12)
2012        Jul 10, A Trinidad and Tobago conservation group called for a prompt investigation into how government work crews crushed leatherback turtle eggs and hatchlings on a remote beach that experts say is the globe's densest nesting site for the endangered marine species. Thousands of leatherback eggs were crushed by heavy machinery over the weekend as workers redirected a shifting river that was eroding the nesting sites and threatening a hotel.
    (AP, 7/11/12)

2012        Jul 11, The US government formally eased sanctions on Myanmar.
    (SFC, 7/12/12, p.A2)
2012        Jul 11, The United States Department of Agriculture declared natural disaster areas in more than 1,000 counties and 26 drought-stricken states, making it the largest natural disaster in America ever.
    (http://tinyurl.com/7x7emtz)
2012        Jul 11, Hillary Rodham Clinton became the first US secretary of state to visit Laos in more than five decades, gauging whether a place the United States pummeled with bombs during the Vietnam War could evolve into a new foothold of American influence in Asia.
    (AP, 7/11/12)
2012        Jul 10, In California the City Council of San Bernadino voted to authorize filing under Chapter 9 federal bankruptcy law, the 3rd California municipality to do so this year.
    (SFC, 7/12/12, p.C2)
2012        Jul 11, US federal prosecutors said 42 people connected to the Outlaws motorcycle gang were arrested during raids in Indianapolis. They faced charges that included drug trafficking and extortion.
    (SFC, 7/12/12, p.A7)
2012        Jul 11, In Texas Dr. Joseph Sonnier III was killed. On July 16 police announced the arrests of Dr. Thomas Dixon of Amarillo and David Shephard. Dixon had paid Shepherd 3 bars of silver for the killing because Sonnier was dating Dixon’s ex-girlfriend. On Sep 16, 2013, Shepherd (52) was sentenced to life in prison.
    (SFC, 7/17/12, p.A8)(SFC, 9/17/13, p.A5)
2012        Jul 11, US astronomer Mark Showalter of the SETI Institute said he has detected a 5th moon around Pluto. Showalter used the Hubble Space Telescope and said the new moon, named P-5, is about 6-15 miles across. The moon was later named Styx.
    (SFC, 7/12/12, p.C4)(Econ, 7/11/15, p.70)
2012        Jul 11, In Bosnia some 30,000 Muslims traveled to a memorial center in Srebrenica to bury 520 newly identified victims, some of the thousands of Muslim men and boys slaughtered in July 1995 by Serb forces.
    (AP, 7/11/12)
2012        Jul 11, British police investigating corruption in the media (Operation Elveden) arrested two more journalists, both from rival tabloids to Rupert Murdoch's now-closed News of the World: Justin Penrose, a reporter for the Sunday Mirror tabloid, and Tom Savage, deputy news editor of the Daily Star Sunday.
    (AFP, 7/11/12)
2012        Jul 11, The British government and the Gates Foundation organized a summit on family planning. The last big UN conference on family planning took place in 1994.
    (Econ, 7/14/12, p.53)
2012        Jul 11, A Chinese ship, bow number 560, on "routine patrol" became stranded near Half Moon Shoal in the Spratly Islands, 60 nautical miles from the western Philippine island of Palawan. The ship was refloated on July 15.
    (AFP, 7/14/12)(AP, 7/15/12)
2012        Jul 11, Cuban public health officials said confirmed cholera cases have risen from 85 to 110, with the worst hit area in the province of Granma. Cholera had been eradicated in Cuba over 100 years ago. Haiti was suspected as the source of the new outbreak.
    (SFC, 7/12/12, p.A2)(Econ, 7/14/12, p.32)
2012        Jul 11, Egypt's President Mohamed Morsi said he will respect a court ruling overturning his decree for the dissolved Islamist-dominated parliament to convene.
    (AFP, 7/11/11)
2012        Jul 11, In El Salvador a police investigator, wearing a ski mask to hide his identity, dug up 5 dead boys dead, the youngest 15, killed about 3 weeks earlier. Police said an MS-13 recruiter had probably tried to persuade the youths to join the group using the usual method: a big meal with cake and soft drinks. When they resisted they were stabbed to death.
    (AP, 9/8/12)
2012        Jul 11, Mali’s government said the military has arrested Col. Abidine Guindo, who directed a parachutist regime, also known as the Red Berets, that attempted to stage a countercoup in April. Members of Timbuktu's Arab community said they have set up an armed brigade to prevent further destruction of the tombs of ancient Muslim saints by Islamists occupying northern Mali.
    (AP, 7/12/12)(AFP, 7/11/12)
2012        Jul 11, New Zealand launched a search for hundreds of Chinese students who arrived in the country on fraudulently-obtained visas.
    (AFP, 7/11/12)
2012        Jul 11, Russia’s parliament passed legislation imposing limits on the Internet, presented as a way to protect children.
    (SFC, 7/12/12, p.A5)
2012        Jul 11, In northern Somalia 2 Kenyan aid workers and a Somali doctor were kidnapped. Police suspected pirates.
    (AFP, 7/11/12)
2012        Jul 11, South Korean authorities arrested Lee Sang-deuk (76), the elder brother of President Lee Myung-bak. He was taken to a detention center after a court approved a warrant on bribery allegations.
    (AP, 7/11/12)(Economist, 9/8/12, p.37)
2012        Jul 11, Spanish riot police fired rubber bullets at coal miners protesting in the streets of Madrid over subsidy cuts they fear will jeopardize their meager livelihood.
    (AP, 7/11/12)
2012        Jul 11, Ibrahim al-Qosi, the former cook of slain Al-Qaeda founder Osama bin Laden, returned to his native Sudan. He had been held at the US-run Guantanamo prison since 2002.
    (AFP, 7/11/12)
2012        Jul 11, Some 100 Sudanese university students armed with sticks and stones staged perhaps their largest protest since unrest sparked by inflation began nearly a month ago.
    (AFP, 7/11/12)
2012        Jul 11, Sudan opened what it billed as Africa's largest sugar refinery, hoping to boost exports after the loss of billions of dollars in oil revenue when South Sudan separated. White Nile Sugar announced earlier that it aimed to produce 450,000 tons of sugar annually and 60 million liters (13 million gallons) of ethanol.
    (AFP, 7/11/12)
2012        Jul 11, Syrian rebels and regime troops clashed in the Damascus district of Qadam as at least nine people were killed in violence across the country.
    (AFP, 7/11/12)
2012        Jul 11, Togo’s PM Gilbert Houngbo resigned.
    (AFP, 7/22/12)
2012        Jul 11, In Yemen a suicide bomber threw himself into a crowd of police cadets leaving their academy in Sanaa and detonated his explosives, killing at least 6 people. A separatist from the southern movement was killed and four other people were wounded, including two women, in clashes with police in the port city of Aden.
    (AP, 7/11/12)(AFP, 7/11/12)

2012        Jul 12, The US Treasury reported that the US budget deficit grew by nearly $60 billion in June, remaining on track to exceed $1 trillion for the fourth straight year.
    (AP, 7/12/12)
2012        Jul 12, Wells Fargo Bank agreed to a $175 million settlement with the US Justice Dept., which alleged that the bank had steered minorities into more expensive subprime loans with higher interest rates when they qualified for lower ones.
    (SFC, 7/13/12, p.D1)
2012        Jul 12, In Oakland, Ca., Tianna Leui (19) was shot and killed by her pimp after she expressed a desire to leave him and the world of prostitution. Andre Moncreuse was arrested two month later and in 2014 was convicted of second-degree murder.
    (SSFC, 2/2/14, p.C3)
2012        Jul 12, In Brazil scientists released millions of genetically modified mosquitoes in the northern city of Juazeiro in an effort to end dengue fever.
    (SSFC, 7/15/12, p.A4)
2012        Jul 12, The BBC World Service transmitted its final bulletin from Bush House in London, ending 71 years of radio broadcasts from the building that kept millions informed across the globe. Since March, the service has gradually moved to the new east wing attached to Broadcasting House in Portland Place, two km away.
    (AFP, 7/12/12)
2012        Jul 12, Airbus, a subsidiary of EADS, said it booked a potential $6.35 billion worth of orders. The four deals, if completed, take Airbus' total by the fourth day of the UK airshow to $16.9 billion for a total of 115 aircraft.
    (AFP, 7/12/12)
2012        Jul 12, In Canada 3 horses were killed and a 4th seriously injured during a chuckwagon race at the Calgary Stampede.
    (Reuters, 7/14/12)
2012        Jul 12, Chile's President Sebastian Pinera signed an anti-discrimination law following the killing of a gay man beaten by attackers who carved swastikas into his body.
    (AP, 7/12/12)
2012        Jul 12, France issued an arrest warrant for the son of Equatorial Guinea's President Teodoro Obiang Nguema after he refused to be interviewed by magistrates on graft charges. He declined to be interviewed claiming immunity as Equatorial Guinea's vice president.
    (AFP, 7/13/12)
2012        Jul 12, Struggling French carmaker PSA Peugeot-Citroen, facing diving sales in crisis-hit southern Europe, announced a drastic cost-cutting plan to slash 8,000 jobs in France and close a major factory north of Paris.
    (AP, 7/12/12)
2012        Jul 12, A slab of ice broke off high in the French Alps, sparking an avalanche that swept nine Europeans to their deaths as they tried to climb Mont Blanc. 11 other climbers were hospitalized and at least four are still unaccounted for.
    (AP, 7/12/12)
2012        Jul 12, Hong Kong's anti-corruption watchdog said it has arrested four people including a minister and a senior civil servant for allegedly violating their government housing allowances.
    (AFP, 7/12/12)
2012        Jul 12, Work at Indian courts was disrupted for a second day as Indian lawyers went on strike to protest against a controversial draft law on legal education in the country.
    (AFP, 7/12/12)
2012        Jul 12, In Israel an Eritrean man was badly burned and his heavily-pregnant wife suffered smoke inhalation after attackers tried to burn down their apartment close to the Mahane Yehuda market in central Jerusalem.
    (AFP, 7/12/12)
2012        Jul 12, An Islamist rebel group in northern Mali said it had freed three of seven Algerian diplomats kidnapped in Gao on April 5.
    (AFP, 7/12/12)
2012        Jul 12, In southern Japan heavy rain triggered flash floods and mudslides, causing at least 20 deaths. At least 6 people remained missing.
    (AP, 7/12/12)(AFP, 7/13/12)
2012        Jul 12, In Jordan the Muslim Brotherhood's shura advisory council voted to boycott parliamentary elections because of "lack of political reform."
    (AFP, 7/13/12)
2012        Jul 12, In Mali gunmen abducted Saouti Haidara, the director of a private newspaper, from his office in Bamako and beat him "to a pulp" before releasing him.
    (AFP, 7/13/12)
2012        Jul 12, In Mauritania 7 people were killed in the crash of a YAK-12 military plane chartered by a Canadian mining company to transport gold.
    (AP, 7/12/12)
2012        Jul 12, The Mexican army found an incomplete tunnel in a Tijuana warehouse with more than 40 tons of marijuana at the entry. The passage extended nearly 400 yards, including more than 100 yards into the United States. It was the second, major incomplete tunnel discovered in the San Diego-Tijuana area in two days and the third along the US-Mexico border since July 9, when a completed passage was found in a vacant strip mall storefront in the southwestern Arizona city of San Luis.
    (AP, 7/13/12)
2012        Jul 12, Myanmar's Pres. Thein Sein told the UN that refugee camps or deportation was the "solution" for nearly a million Rohingya Muslims in the wake of communal unrest in the west of the country.
    (AFP, 7/12/12)
2012        Jul 12, A Nepalese court jailed Bajir Singh Tamang (37) for a record 170 years for trafficking teenage girls to work as prostitutes in India.
    (AFP, 7/12/12)
2012        Jul 12, In Nigeria a truck carrying fuel caught fire and exploded after it veered off the road into a ditch in the Niger Delta, killing over 100 who had rushed to the scene to scoop fuel.
    (AP, 7/12/12)(AFP, 7/13/12)
2012        Jul 12, In Northern Ireland tens of thousands of Protestants from the Orange Order brotherhood marched from their lodges in an annual demonstration that often ends in violence. More than 20 officers were hurt in overnight violence following rival Protestant and Catholic marches through Belfast that saw up to 10 shots fired at them.
    (AP, 7/12/12)(Reuters, 7/13/12)
2012        Jul 12, Pakistan’s Supreme Court ordered PM Raja Pervaiz Ashraf to reopen an old corruption case against President Asif Ali Zardari, a demand that the premier's predecessor, Yousuf Raza Gilani, ignored, leading the judges to convict him of contempt of court and remove him from office.
    (AP, 7/12/12)
2012        Jul 12, In Pakistan dozens of militants coming from Afghanistan took scores of villagers hostage in the northwest Bajur tribal area, sparking fighting that killed at least 10 people. Pakistani Taliban spokesman Ahsanullah Ahsan claimed responsibility for the attack, saying it was revenge for police torture of their fighters in prison. The militants fled that night leaving their hostages behind. Gunmen in Lahore shot dead nine Pakistani police prison staff as they slept. Pakistan's main umbrella Taliban faction claimed responsibility.
    (AP, 7/12/12)(AFP, 7/12/12)(AP, 7/13/12)
2012        Jul 12, A Palestinian militant, Mahmud al-Hiqi (27), from the ruling Hamas movement was killed and two others wounded in an Israeli air strike on eastern Gaza City.
    (AFP, 7/12/12)
2012        Jul 12, South African scientists said they have uncovered the most complete skeleton yet of an ancient relative of man, hidden in a rock excavated from an archaeological site three years ago. Other parts of the A. sediba skeleton, dubbed Karabo, were first discovered in 2009 and were thought to be about 2 million years old.
    (AFP, 7/12/12)
2012        Jul 12, Syrian troops shelled and then stormed the village of Treimsa in the central province of Hama. Pressure mounted on President Bashar al-Assad after Nawaf Fares, his ambassador to Iraq, became the first senior diplomat to defect and Western powers drew up a 10-day sanctions ultimatum. Fares urged the army to turn its guns on the regime. Syrian government troops using tanks and helicopters massacred more than 150 people in the central province of Hama, bringing the day's total death toll to over 200. Syria later denied its armed forces carried out a massacre in Treimsa but said 37 gunmen and two civilians were killed in clashes with rebels.
    (AFP, 7/12/12)(AFP, 7/13/12)(AFP, 7/15/12)
2012        Jul 12, UN helicopters were deployed to stop a rebel advance on Goma after rebels seized a number of towns on DR Congo's border with Uganda.
    (AFP, 7/24/12)

2012        Jul 13, The United States announced charges against an Iranian citizen and Chinese resident for allegedly trying to export nuclear-related material to help Tehran enrich uranium. Iranian citizen Parviz Khaki (43), was arrested in May in the Philippines on request of the US. Chinese resident, Yi Zongcheng, remained at large.
    (AFP, 7/14/12)
2012        Jul 13, The US Office of the Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Funds reported a range of accounting weaknesses saying too much was wasted. Stuart Bowen’s office has spent over $200 million tracking some $51 billion in reconstruction funds.
    (SFC, 7/14/12, p.A3)
2012        Jul 13, A federal judge in Birmingham, Alabama, sentenced Ulugbek Kodirov (22) of Uzbekistan to 15 years in prison for plotting to kill Pres. Obama.
    (SFC, 7/14/12, p.A4)
2012        Jul 13, Colorado police found the body of Christina Cornejo (30) in Colorado Springs. She had been stabbed multiple times. On July 17 Suspect and boyfriend Brian Hedglin (40) was found dead having shot himself in the head after he crashed a plane at Utah’s St. George Municipal Airport.
    (SFC, 7/18/12, p.A8)
2012        Jul 13, Russell Wasendorf Sr. (64), founder of Peregrine Financial Group, was arrested. He admitted stealing at least $100 million from his Iowa-based firm. He was found on July 9 in front of his corporate headquarters in Cedar Falls following an attempted suicide.
    (SFC, 7/18/12, p.D3)(Econ, 7/14/12, p.64)
2012        Jul 13, In Iowa two cousins, aged 9 and 13, disappeared near a popular recreational lake in Evansdale, a city about 110 miles northeast of Des Moines. On Dec 5 it was reported that hunters had found the bodies of the girls in a wooded area of Black Hawk County.
    (AP, 12/6/12)
2012        Jul 13, In Missouri Ashley Key (22) and Britney Haarup (19) were killed. Police arrested Clifford Miller (31) on July 15 and he told investigators where to find the bodies. Miller said he was high on methamphetamine when he killed the sisters in Edgerton.
    (SFC, 7/17/12, p.A8)
2012        Jul 13, Celeste Holm (b.1917), American musical comedy star, died in NYC. She sang in the original Broadway staging of “Oklahoma" (1943) and won an Academy Award for her role in “Gentleman’s Agreement" (1947).
    (SFC, 7/16/12, p.C4)
2012        Jul 13, In western Afghanistan, Abdul Salam Rahimi, the mayor of Shindand district in Herat province, was assassinated by two gunmen on a motorbike. A civilian, who was wounded in the shooting, later died at a hospital. The Laghman provincial women's affairs director, Hanifa Safi, was killed when a bomb attached to her vehicle exploded, critically wounding her husband and daughter.
    (AP, 7/14/12)(AFP, 7/15/12)
2012        Jul 13, The British government launched an £80-billion initiative to provide the banking sector with cheap funding to stimulate lending and boost growth.
    (AFP, 7/13/12)
2012        Jul 13, In Cambodia the 10-member ASEAN group ended its latest meeting for the first time without a communique reflecting a rift between countries loyal to China and those contesting territory with China.
    (Econ, 7/21/12, p.35)
2012        Jul 13, In the Comoros archipelago at least seven people died and six people were missing after a ship carrying illegal immigrants capsized overnight off the Indian Ocean French overseas territory of Mayotte.
    (AFP, 7/13/12)
2012        Jul 13, The International Criminal Court issued arrest warrants against Bosco Ntaganda, a rogue Tutsi Congolese general, and Sylvestre Mudacumura, a Rwandan Hutu rebel leader based in the Democratic Republic of Congo, who Kigali and Kinshasa accuse each other of using as proxies in DR Congo.
    (AFP, 7/13/12)
2012        Jul 13, Egypt's new Islamist President Mohammed Morsi and Tunisian President Moncef Marzouki told reporters in Cairo that the two nations will rebuild ties after what he described as years of stagnant, routine relations.
    (AP, 7/13/12)
2012        Jul 13, In Egypt Bedouin men kidnapped two US tourists and their guide in the lawless Sinai. Police said that they were demanding the release of a jailed tribesman in exchange for the hostages. Rev. Michel Louis (61) and Lissa Alphonse (39) and their guide, Haytham Ragab, were released on July 16.
    (AFP, 7/13/12)(AP, 7/16/12)
2012        Jul 13, An Ethiopian court jailed journalist Eskinder Nga for 18 years for "terrorism" and 23 other reporters and activists for between eight years and life, in sentences condemned by rights groups.
    (AFP, 7/13/12)
2012        Jul 13, In southern France three Americans, crew members of Universal Jet Aviation, died when a private plane crashed at Le Castellet airport.
    (AP, 7/14/12)
2012        Jul 13, Two of Hong Kong's richest tycoons and a former senior official were charged with corruption in the biggest graft scandal the regional banking hub has seen. Sun Hung Kai Properties co-chairmen Thomas and Raymond Kwok, two of Asia's wealthiest men, were among five people charged with eight offences.
    (AFP, 7/13/12)
2012        Jul 13, In Iraq 2 people were killed and 16 others wounded in five separate attacks.
    (AFP, 7/13/12)
2012        Jul 13, Israeli troops killed a Palestinian when they opened fire at him near the border in the northern Gaza Strip. Israeli border police killed a man and wounded another who had tried to cross the Egyptian border into Israel.
    (AFP, 7/13/12)
2012        Jul 13, Maldives police arrested at least 55 anti-government protesters following violent clashes with security forces in the capital Male.
    (AFP, 7/13/12)
2012        Jul 13, In northern Mali a protest erupted after a young Islamist militant whipped a woman carrying a baby for not wearing what he considered to be an adequate veil. The baby fell and was injured. Angry citizens then marched toward the radicals' base in Goundam town and vandalized the premises.
    (AP, 7/14/12)
2012        Jul 13, Mexican police arrested Vincent Legrend Walters, one of the US Marshals Service's most-wanted fugitives, in the resort city of Cancun, after 24 years on the run. He was wanted in San Diego, California, on murder charges in the 1988 killing of a woman kidnapped as part of a drug deal. He also faces weapons and drug charges and is on the service's list of 15 most wanted fugitives.
    (AP, 7/15/12)
2012        Jul 13, An incomplete tunnel along Arizona's border with Mexico was found during an inspection of a drainage system on the Mexican side of Nogales in early stages of construction. This was the 4th tunnel found this week.
    (AFP, 7/14/12)
2012        Jul 13, In north Nigeria a suicide bomber tried to assassinate Umar Garbai el-Kanemi, a key Islamic leader and Shehu of northeastern Borno state, outside his mosque after Friday prayers but missed his target and killed five others.
    (AFP, 7/14/12)
2012        Jul 13, Pakistan's Chief Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry ordered Baluchistan Frontier Corps commander Major General Obaidullah Khattak to produce 30 missing people in court, saying there was evidence troops were involved in their disappearance. The 30 people were allegedly abducted in Totak Khuzdar district in February 2011. A bomb exploded near a political rally in the southwestern city of Quetta, killing at least five people. Prisoners at a jail in Hyderabad city took 15 staff hostage and tried to break out of the facility. Guards killed one prisoner.
    (AFP, 7/13/12)(AP, 7/13/12)
2012        Jul 13, Papua New Guinea police said they have arrested 29 people accused of being part of a cannibal cult in the jungle interior and charged them with the murders of seven suspected witch doctors. The cult members allegedly ate their victims' brains raw and made soup from their penises.
    (AP, 7/13/12)
2012        Jul 13, In Saudi Arabia a gunman was killed during an attack on a police station in the Shiite town of Al-Awamiya. Two security forces' patrols came under gunfire from masked armed men on motorbikes in the town of Saihat, wounding four policemen.
    (AFP, 7/13/12)
2012        Jul 13, In eastern South Africa a cargo train loaded with coal collided with a truck carrying farm workers at a crossing, killing at least 25 people in Mpumalanga. The driver of the farm truck was charged the next day with murder.
    (AP, 7/13/12)(AP, 7/14/12)
2012        Jul 13, Spanish civil servants, some dressed in mourning, took to the streets to protest the latest round of government austerity measures and their second wage cut in as many years.
    (AP, 7/13/12)
2012        Jul 13, In Sudan more than 30 people were arrested in Khartoum's twin city of Omdurman when police fired tear gas at the Wad Nubawi mosque, which has become a focus of Arab Spring-style protests.
    (AFP, 7/13/12)
2012        Jul 13, In Syria 118 people died including dozens of civilians gunned down by troops at anti-regime protests.
    (AFP, 7/14/12)
2012        Jul 13, Thailand customs officials discovered a half ton of ivory hidden in crates aboard a flight from Kenya. One official estimated that the 158 pieces of ivory were from the tusks of around 50 elephants.
    (AP, 7/17/12)

2012        Jul 14, In northern Afghanistan a suicide bomber blew himself up in a wedding hall. 23 people were killed including Ahmad Khan Samangani, a prominent warlord-turned-politician who was greeting wedding guests, and three security officials in Aybak, the capital of Samangan province. 2 NATO service members were killed in eastern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 7/14/12)(AFP, 7/15/12)(AP, 7/17/12)
2012        Jul 14, In western Australia a surfer was bitten in half in a savage shark attack near Wedge Island, north of Perth, the fifth such fatality in the region in less than a year.
    (AFP, 7/14/12)
2012        Jul 14, It was announced that former British PM Gordon Brown is to become a special global education envoy to UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon.
    (AFP, 7/14/12)
2012        Jul 14, In northern Egypt some 23,000 textile workers went on strike in Mahalla al-Kobra, demanding higher wages.
    (AP, 7/15/12)
2012        Jul 14, In Egypt an 11-storey building in the poor Alexandria neighborhood of al-Gomrouk collapsed onto three adjacent buildings, reducing much of the structures to rubble. 19 people were reported killed.
    (AP, 7/15/12)(AFP, 7/16/12)
2012        Jul 14, India's struggling Kingfisher Airlines cancelled more than three dozen flights when frustrated pilots and other workers walked off the job to protest about long-overdue pay.
    (AFP, 7/14/12)
2012        Jul 14, In northern Iraq gunmen killed five soldiers and policemen when they attacked a checkpoint in the Turkmen town of Rashidiyah.
    (AFP, 7/14/12)
2012        Jul 14, In Israel Moshe Silman (58) set himself ablaze at a social justice demonstration in the city of Tel Aviv. Silman blamed PM Netanyahu and the Israeli establishment for "stealing" from him, saying they had "left him with nothing." Silman died of his burns on July 20. 
    (AFP, 7/15/12)(AP, 7/20/12)
2012        Jul 14, An Italian Alpine rescue team military official said the bodies of a Polish woman and Spanish man were found 4,400 meters (14,436 feet) up on the Mont Blanc Dome du Gouter peak on the Italian-French border after spending more than 24 hours in a snow hole.
    (AP, 7/15/12)
2012        Jul 14, In southwest Japan about 400,000 people were ordered or advised to leave their homes in as heavy rain pounded the area for a third day at least 26 people dead.
    (AFP, 7/14/12)(AP, 7/16/12)
2012        Jul 14, In Malaysia conjoined 15-month-old twins attached at the pelvis and sharing three legs were successfully separated at a hospital in a complex 24-hour operation.
    (AFP, 7/28/12)
2012        Jul 14, In northern Mali  members of the radical Islamic sect Ansar Dine were going from door to door in Goundam town in a bid to arrest the leaders of a protest against them.
    (AP, 7/14/12)
2012        Jul 14, In Myanmar General Electric became the first American company to invest in the former pariah state, signing deals to provide medical equipment to a pair of hospitals in the country's biggest city.
    (AP, 7/14/12)
2012        Jul 14, Some 5,000 Pakistani Islamists, who oppose the anti-terrorism alliance with Washington, began a march to the border in protest over the reopening of NATO supply routes into Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 7/15/12)
2012        Jul 14, Pakistani police arrested a man accused of burying his newborn daughter alive because she was born deformed with large head and "abnormal" features. The child was born July 12 at a hospital in the town of Kacha Khoh, eastern Punjab province.
    (AP, 7/14/12)
2012        Jul 14, In Puerto Rico Carmen Paredes (46) was killed at home. She was shot multiple times, including once in the forehead. On Jan  22, 2014, her husband Pablo Casellas, the son of a US district court judge, was found guilty on charges including murder, weapons offenses and destroying evidence.
    (AP, 2/6/14)(http://tinyurl.com/kkwosyf)
2012        Jul 14, Rwanda refused to take custody of 24 rebels who surrendered last May to UN peacekeepers in DR Congo, which accuses Kigali of backing an army mutiny in its restive east.
    (AFP, 7/14/12)
2012        Jul 14, Sri Lankan authorities arrested another 131 would-be asylum seekers heading to Australia and seized a fishing trawler used for the people-smuggling operation. The number of Sri Lankans detained on charges of illegally trying to leave the country has reached more than 250 over the last week.
    (AFP, 7/15/12)
2012        Jul 14, In Syria hundreds of soldiers backed by helicopter gunships attacked Khirbet Ghazaleh in the province of Daraa. A pregnant woman was among 115 people killed across the country. A suicide bomber blew up his car in the central town of Muhrada killing three civilians and one security officer.
    (AFP, 7/14/12)(AP, 7/14/12)(AFP, 7/15/12)

2012        Jul 15, The Chinese province of Hunan urged parents to seek immediate treatment for children showing symptoms of hand, foot and mouth disease after official figures showed 112 people died from the illness last month.
    (AFP, 7/15/12)
2012        Jul 15, In Ethiopia the leaders of Congo and Rwanda agreed in principle to back a neutral international armed force to combat Congo's newest rebellion and other fighters terrorizing civilians in the country's mineral-rich east. The African Union said it could help by sending soldiers.
    (AP, 7/16/12)
2012        Jul 15, The Nazi-hunting Simon Wiesenthal Center confirmed that Laszlo Csatary (97), accused of complicity in the killings of 15,700 Jews, had been tracked down to the Hungarian capital. He served during World War II as a senior Hungarian police officer in the Slovakian city of Kosice, then under Hungarian rule. Csatary was taken into custody on July 18 and charged with war crimes.
    (AFP, 7/16/12)(AP, 7/18/12)
2012        Jul 15, Iraq signed a gas exploration deal with Pakistan Petroleum.
    (AFP, 7/15/12)
2012        Jul 15, Jordanian anti-riot police fired tear gas to break up a crowd of some 200 angry Libyans who attacked Tripoli's embassy with stones, over unpaid medical bills.
    (AFP, 7/15/12)
2012        Jul 15, In northern Mali some 400 combatants of the government-backed Gandakoy militia were reported to have broken ranks and joined the Islamists, bolstering the radicals' edge over ethnic Tuareg rebels in the area.
    (AP, 7/15/12)
2012        Jul 15, Namibia's annual seal hunt, which will see some 86,000 Cape fur seals slaughtered by end November, began amid outcry from conservation groups that brand it a massacre for trade purposes. The animals are harvested for their pelts, fat, which is used in beauty products and male sexual organs, believed to have aphrodisiac properties in Asia.
    (AFP, 7/14/12)
2012        Jul 15, In Nepal at least 38 pilgrims were killed when an overcrowded bus carrying them from India to a Hindu festival swerved off a highway and plunged into the Gandak river.
    (AFP, 7/15/12)
2012        Jul 15, Sewing needles were found in 5 sandwiches on flights originating in Amsterdam. One passenger on a flight to Minneapolis was injured. The other needles were on two flights to Atlanta and one to Seattle. The sandwiches were made in the Amsterdam kitchen of catering company Gate Gourmet.
    (AP, 7/17/12)
2012        Jul 15, In northwestern Pakistan a mortar round hit a house belonging to a paramilitary soldier, killing his wife and three of his children near the Khyber tribal area.
    (AP, 7/15/12)
2012        Jul 15, A senior Palestinian official, Osama Mansour, suspected of embezzling public funds fell to his death from the third-floor kitchen window of a West Bank security compound where he was being interrogated.
    (AP, 7/16/12)
2012        Jul 15, The Republic of Congo held elections for a new parliament. The Congolese Labour Party of President Denis Sassou Nguesso retained its dominance in the first round of legislative elections in results announced on July 20. The PCT took 57 of the 69 seats that were won outright in the first-round vote. The other places in the 135-seat parliament will be decided in a second round scheduled for August 5.
    (AP, 7/15/12)(AFP, 7/20/12)
2012        Jul 15, A Russian Soyuz rocket blasted off from Kazakhstan with an international crew of three toward the International Space Station in a mission testing the reliability of Russia's crisis-prone space program. On board were NASA's Sunita Williams, Japan's Akihiko Hoshide and Yury Malenchenko of Russia.
    (AFP, 7/15/12)
2012        Jul 15, South Africa's Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma, a former wife of Pres. Zuma, won a tightly fought vote to become the first woman to head the African Union Commission.
    (AFP, 7/16/12)(Econ, 7/21/12, p.43)
2012        Jul 15, Syrian troops bombarded rebel areas in several parts of the country as violence across the country reportedly killed 105 people. The International Committee of the Red Cross said Sunday it now considers the conflict in Syria to be a full-blown civil war, meaning international humanitarian law applies throughout the country.
    (AFP, 7/15/12)(AP, 7/15/12)(AFP, 7/16/12)
2012        Jul 15, Officials in the United Arab Emirates inaugurated a key overland oil pipeline bypassing the Strait of Hormuz, giving the OPEC member insurance against Iranian threats to block the strategic waterway.
    (AP, 7/15/12)

2012        Jul 16, US Navy gunners aboard the USNS Rappahannock, a refueling ship, opened fire on a small boat racing toward them in broad daylight near the Gulf city of Dubai. One Indian was killed in the incident, and three of his countrymen were seriously wounded. An Indian fisherman aboard the boat told officials the crew received no warning before being fired upon. In 2013 a Navy investigation said the sailors acted within rules of engagement.
    (AP, 7/17/12)(AP, 4/8/13)
2012        Jul 16, In Lebanon, Ohio, investigators said a high school student was at the center of a marijuana distribution ring that was taking in as much as $20,000 a month. A year-long investigation culminated in the arrest of the teen and 7 adults.
    (SFC, 7/17/12, p.A8)
2012        Jul 16, Stephen R. Covey (79), Utah-based motivational speaker and author of the best-selling "The Seven Habits of Highly Effective People" (1989), died in Idaho Falls.
    (AP, 7/16/12)(Econ, 7/21/12, p.58)
2012        Jul 16, Kitty Wells, American country singer, died in Madison, Tenn. Her songs included “It Wasn’t God Who Made Honky Tonk Angels" (1952).
    (SFC, 7/18/12, p.C4)
2012        Jul 16, Afghan soldier Abdul Sabor was sentenced to death for killing four French troops on Jan 20, 2012, in eastern Afghanistan. Insurgents twice ambushed the convoy of Nuristan provincial Gov. Tamim Nuristani, but he escaped unharmed both times. One policeman was killed in the 2nd ambush. A magnetic bomb attached to the vehicle of the chief of Khan Abad district of Kunar province exploded, killing one policeman and wounding eight civilians.
    (AP, 7/17/12)
2012        Jul 16, Jon Lord (b.1941), keyboardist for the British Deep Purple rock band, died in London. His work included “Concerto for Group and Orchestra" (1969).
    (SFC, 7/18/12, p.C4)
2012        Jul 16, In Canada 2 people were killed and 23 injured when a street party in Toronto’s suburb of Scarborough ended in gunfire.
    (Reuters, 7/17/12)
2012        Jul 16, Antonin Holy (1936), a renowned Czech scientist, died. His research significantly contributed to the development of antiviral drugs. He died the same day the US Food and Drug Administration approved Truvada, a drug Holy helped to create.
    (AP, 7/17/12)
2012        Jul 16, Egypt’s ousted leader Hosni Mubarek (84) was returned to a Cairo prison.
    (SFC, 7/17/12, p.A2)
2012        Jul 16, The EU formally agreed to a two-year mission from next month to help Niger fight organized crime and terrorism in the Sahel, where armed groups are threatening regional stability.
    (AFP, 7/16/12)
2012        Jul 16, Indian officials suspended 12 doctors for allegedly conducting prenatal sex tests, a practice banned to stop the abortion of female fetuses that has widened India's gender gap.
    (AFP, 7/17/12)
2012        Jul 16, Iraq signed an initial deal with a Kuwait-led consortium made up of Kuwait Energy, Dubai-based Dragon Oil and Turkey's TPAO. A contract was awarded to a Russia-led group to drill for energy, part of Baghdad's efforts to strengthen its role as a major producer.
    (AFP, 7/16/12)
2012        Jul 16, Israel's settlement watchdog accused the government of quietly legalizing Givat Salit, an unauthorized settlement outpost in the Jordan Valley, in a move likely to spark international criticism.
    (AFP, 7/17/12)
2012        Jul 16, In Japan tens of thousands of people rallied in Tokyo demanding an end to nuclear power, the latest in a series of anti-atomic gatherings following the tsunami-sparked disaster at Fukushima last year.
    (AFP, 7/16/12)
2012        Jul 16, Heavy rain again lashed southwest Japan, triggering fears of more landslides and hampering the clean-up operation after a record deluge that left at least 32 people dead or missing.
    (AFP, 7/16/12)
2012        Jul 16, The president of Libya's Olympic Committee Nabil al-Alam was kidnapped by gunmen in the center of Tripoli and taken to a secret location. He was released on July 22.
    (AFP, 7/16/12)(AFP, 7/22/12)
2012        Jul 16, In Mali a Timbuktu man accused of drinking alcohol was given 40 lashes by members of the Ansar Dine Islamist group.
    (AFP, 7/16/12)
2012        Jul 16, Firefighters in Montenegro struggled to contain wildfires that threatened an ancient pine forest in the northeast of the country. The blaze had reached the outer rim of the Crna Poda forest, where some of the pine trees are 400 years old.
    (AP, 7/16/12)
2012        Jul 16, New Zealand announced plans to ban the use of drugs offering so-called 'legal' highs unless manufacturers can provide clinical evidence that they are safe.
    (AFP, 7/16/12)
2012        Jul 16, Nigeria fined Shell $5.0 billion over a December 2011 oil spill at the Bonga oilfield in the Gulf of Guinea. The next day Shell spokesman Tony Okonedo said the fine was unwarranted as the company had acted quickly to contain the spill.
    (AFP, 7/17/12)
2012        Jul 16, In Pakistan Taliban suicide bombers dressed in burqas stormed a police station, sparking gunbattles in the northwestern town of Bannu near the militant stronghold of North Waziristan.
    (AFP, 7/16/12)
2012        Jul 16, Pakistan began a widely publicized 3-day polio vaccination campaign.
    (AFP, 7/17/12)
2012        Jul 16, In the Philippines ex-president Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo was charged with plunder in the alleged misuse of nearly $9 million.
    (SSFC, 7/22/12, p.A4)
2012        Jul 16, In the Republic of Congo a police helicopter crash killed two Ukrainian pilots.
    (AP, 7/17/12)
2012        Jul 16, In Somalia a car bomb went off in Mogadishu killing Mohamed Abdinur Garweyne, a former trade minister, and wounding six people nearby.
    (AFP, 7/16/12)
2012        Jul 16, In Sudan 7 military personnel died when their helicopter crashed in conflict-plagued Darfur because of a malfunction.
    (AFP, 7/16/12)
2012        Jul 16, Syrian troops resuming shelling of the southern Damascus neighborhood of Tadamon and soldiers and the Free Syrian Army (FSA) clashing in two other districts. The rebel Free Syrian Army said it has launched a large-scale operation dubbed "the Damascus volcano and earthquakes of Syria."
    (AFP, 7/16/12)(AFP, 7/17/12)
2012        Jul 16, In Thailand 8 suspected drug dealers were killed in a clash with Thai security forces who seized weapons and a large amount of illegal amphetamines.
    (AFP, 7/16/12)
2012        Jul 16,     The United Arab Emirates deported an online activist to Thailand after stripping him of citizenship, part of a widening crackdown on alleged anti-state challenges since the Arab Spring uprisings. Ahmed Abdul Khaleq was deported on a Comoros Islands passport arranged by UAE authorities in the first such banishment by the country. He is among a group of activists whose citizenship has been revoked by UAE officials after they campaigned for reforms.
    (AP, 7/16/12)
2012        Jul 16, The UN's drugs and crime office launched a new media awareness campaign to highlight the threat posed by the multi-billion dollar operations run by organized crime groups worldwide.
    (AFP, 7/16/12)

2012        Jul 17, In Alameda, California, a civil jury ordered convicted murderer Hans Reiser (48) to pay $60 million to his young son and daughter for strangling their mother in 2006.
    (SFC, 7/18/12, p.C2)
2012        Jul 17, Two Afghan police and three civilians were killed when their vehicle hit a roadside bomb in Bati Kot district of eastern Nangarhar province. 9 Afghan soldiers were killed in an attack by Taliban insurgents on an army post in Helmand province.
    (AP, 7/17/12)(AFP, 7/18/12)
2012        Jul 17, Britain’s visiting minister for Africa, Henry Bellingham, said Britain will give its poor former colony Malawi additional aid of 24 million pounds for its economic recovery program.
    (AFP, 7/17/12)
2012        Jul 17, London-based HSBC apologized for failing to apply anti-laundering rules as US lawmakers accused it of giving Iran, terrorists and drug dealers access to the US financial system.
    (AFP, 7/18/12)
2012        Jul 17, India's Jindal Steel and Power scrapped plans to invest $2.1 billion in a Bolivian mining project and blamed the South American nation's "non-friendly business attitude" for the deal's collapse.
    (AFP, 7/17/12)
2012        Jul 17, Iraq's government urged all its citizens living in Syria to return home immediately to escape the escalating civil war.
    (AP, 7/17/12)
2012        Jul 17, In Israel the centrist Kadima Party broke from PM Netanyahu’s right-wing government prompted by a dispute over a bill to draft religious students into the military.
    (SFC, 7/18/12, p.A5)
2012        Jul 17, In Malaysia an Australian woman and a Nigerian man were arrested after one kg (2.2 pounds) of methamphetamine was discovered in a car they were driving in Kuala Lumpur.
    (AFP, 7/28/12)
2012        Jul 17, Mali's interim PM Cheick Modibo Diarra presented a roadmap for rescuing his country from a post-coup crisis to the region's lead mediator. It laid out a one-year plan for a return to constitutional rule, and the formation of a unity government to oversee the transition.
    (AFP, 7/17/12)
2012        Jul 17, Malian journalists went on strike for a day of "dead press," and marched in Bamako to protest recent attacks against journalists by armed men believed to be linked to the former junta.
    (AFP, 7/17/12)
2012        Jul 17, In central Nigeria a ten-year-old boy was killed when an assailant fired a heavy weapon at an Islamic school in the city of Jos.
    (AFP, 7/17/12)
2012        Jul 17, Romania's interim President Cris Antonescu signed a new law that requires a majority of registered voters to take part in a referendum for it to be valid, giving suspended President Traian Basescu a fighting chance of remaining in office when his impeachment comes up for a public vote.
    (AP, 7/17/12)
2012        Jul 17, A Saudi newspaper reported that a Lebanese man, nicknamed the "tattoo king," has been sentenced to one year in prison and 200 lashes. Charges included having met privately with women.
    (AFP, 7/17/12)
2012        Jul 17, In South Africa Madagascar's exiled former president Marc Ravalomanana was served with a summons at his hotel in Pretoria over a $23 million lawsuit filed by victims of 2009 unrest that led to his ouster.
    (AFP, 7/17/12)
2012        Jul 17, Spain successfully tapped bond market investors for €3.6 billion ($4.4 billion) in the first debt auction since the government's latest package of spending cuts and tax increases.
    (AP, 7/17/12)
2012        Jul 17, Syrian government forces backed by helicopter gunships battled rebels in heavy clashes in Damascus. The Muslim Brotherhood urged the Syrian people to rise up and back the rebels. The Israeli army intelligence chief said al-Assad has moved army forces from the Golan Heights area next to Israel toward Damascus and other internal conflict zones.
    (AFP, 7/17/12)
2012        Jul 17, The UN food agency warned the unrest in northern Mali means that efforts to contain the threat of desert locusts are being hampered and appealed for $10 million (8.1 million euros) in aid. It said control operations cannot be carried out because of political conflict and that 30 trucks and other equipment had been looted.
    (AFP, 7/17/12)
2012        Jul 17, The UNESCO-Equatorial Guinea Int’l. Prize for Research in the Life Sciences went to scientists from Egypt, Mexico and South Africa. The prize was sponsored by Equatorial Guinea’s Pres. Teodoro Obiang Nguema, who faced major allegations of corruption.
    (Econ, 7/21/12, p.sd43)  

2012        Jul 18, The families of three US citizens killed in drone strikes in Yemen last year, including Al-Qaeda preacher Anwar al-Awlaqi, filed a civil lawsuit against top US officials.
    (AFP, 7/19/12)
2012        Jul 18, In Alaska 2 visitors from Australia were killed in a fiery small plane crash about 39 miles north of Fairbanks.
    (Reuters, 7/19/12)
2012        Jul 18, The city of Scranton, Pa., restored the salaries of its 400 civil servants. Earlier this month Mayor Chris Doherty had slashed all municipal employees’ salaries to the federal minimum wage because the city did not have funds to pay their wages.
    (Econ, 7/21/12, p.26)
2012        Jul 18, In northern Afghanistan a Taliban bomb attack in Samangan province destroyed 22 fuel tankers carrying supplies for NATO forces. 2 NATO soldiers were killed in an improvised bomb attack in eastern Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 7/18/12)
2012        Jul 18, An Australian woman born without arms and legs after her pregnant mother took the anti-morning sickness drug Thalidomide reached a multimillion dollar settlement with UK-based Distillers Company (Biochemicals) Ltd. — which sold the drug in Australia — and Diageo Scotland Ltd., the successor company to Distillers. Grunenthal, the German maker of the drug, refused to settle.
    (AFP, 7/18/12)
2012        Jul 18, Austria’s University of Innsbruck said that archeologists found four linen bras dating from the Middle Ages in an Austrian castle. Fashion experts described the find as surprising because the bra had commonly been thought to be only little more than 100 years old as women abandoned the tight corset.
    (AP, 7/19/12)
2012        Jul 18, Bahrain’s public security chief Major-General Tariq al-Hassan announced on the arrest of suspect Hussain Isa Mohammed Isa Adam, included in the list of 20 people accused of terrorist blasts.
    (AFP, 7/19/12)
2012        Jul 18, In Bulgaria a suicide attack at Burgas airport killed 5 Israeli tourists and a Bulgarian bus driver. Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu blamed Iran for the bomb blast. It was later confirmed that the suicide bomber did not act alone. In 2013 one alleged terrorist was identified as Australian citizen Meliad Farah (b.1980), also known as Hussein Hussein. The second was Canadian citizen Hassan El Hajj Hassan (b.1988). The bomber was later said to have been of Algerian origin and trained in camps in South Lebanon.
    (Reuters, 7/18/12)(AFP, 7/19/12)(SFC, 7/25/12, p.A2)(AP, 7/25/13)(Reuters, 4/7/14)
2012        Jul 18, Cambodia and Thailand pulled hundreds of soldiers out of a disputed strip of border land adjacent to the Preah Vihear temple, a year after a ruling by the UN's highest court, replacing them with police and security guards.
    (AFP, 7/18/12)
2012        Jul 18, In Canada Shawn Atleo, chief from the Ahousaht First Nation in British Columbia, was re-elected as national chief of Canada's First Nations.
    (Reuters, 7/18/12)
2012        Jul 18, China’s Ministry of Health issued a new code of conduct banning medical staff from prescribing unnecessary tests and the prescription of expensive tests to boost income.
    (Econ, 7/21/12, p.38)
2012        Jul 18, The Council of Europe released a report showing the Vatican had received compliant or largely compliant grades on nine of the 16 "key and core" internationally recognized recommendations to fight money laundering and terrorist financing. The Vatican had submitted itself to the Moneyval evaluation process more than two years ago after it signed onto the 2009 EU Monetary Convention.
    (AP, 7/18/12)
2012        Jul 18, In India Rajesh Khanna (69), popularly known as Bollywood’s "first superstar" and the Hindi film industry's biggest heart-throb in his day, died after months of illness.
    (AFP, 7/19/12)
2012        Jul 18, In Israel Rabbi Yosef Shalom Elyashiv (102), revered by Jews worldwide as the top rabbinic authority of this generation for his scholarship and rulings on complex elements of Jewish law, died.
    (AP, 7/18/12)
2012        Jul 18, Nigeria lifted a state of emergency it imposed six months ago in four states following a wave of attacks blamed on the radical Islamist group Boko Haram.
    (AFP, 7/18/12)
2012        Jul 18, In northwestern Pakistan a van carrying minority Shiite Muslims hit an anti-tank land mine, killing 14 passengers. A group of Taliban fighters snuck across the border from Afghanistan into the northern area of Chitral and attacked a Pakistani military post. At least six insurgents died in the shootout.
    (AP, 7/18/12)
2012        Jul 18, In Syria a bomb ripped through a high-level security meeting in Damascus, killing three top regime officials, including Gen. Assef Shawkat (62), President Bashar Assad's brother-in-law. Also killed was Defense Minister Dawoud Rajha, 65, a former army general. Hassan Turkmani (77), a former defense minister, died of his wounds in the hospital. At least 214 people, including 124 civilians, 62 soldiers and 28 rebels were killed across the country.
    (AP, 7/18/12)(AP, 7/19/12)(AFP, 7/19/12)
2012        Jul 18, In Tanzania at least 104 people died after a ferry capsized between Dar-es-Salaam and Zanzibar. The MV Skagit was officially carrying 290 people when the accident occurred. Emergency workers had rescued 146 people.
    (AFP, 7/18/12)(AFP, 7/20/12)(AP, 7/21/12)(AFP, 7/23/12)(AFP, 7/25/12)
2012        Jul 18, In Yemen an army officer supporting former President Ali Abdullah Saleh was killed in Sanaa while leading an attack on the house of a general who defected to the opposition last year. In southern Yemen armed tribesmen ambushed a group of al-Qaida militants, killing two and wounding three.
    (AP, 7/18/12)

2012        Jul 19, In Ohio Omar Suleiman (76), Egypt's former spy chief, died in Cleveland. Suleiman was appointed vice president on Jan. 29, 2011, at the peak of last year's revolution.
    (AP, 7/19/12)
2012        Jul 19, Humayun Ahmed (b.1948), Bangladesh's most popular fiction writer, died in the United States after a near year-long battle against colon cancer. He was also the country's leading film director and TV drama-maker. He shot to fame with his first novel "Nondito Naroke" (In Blissful Hell), published in 1972 while he studied at Dhaka university.
    (AFP, 7/20/12)
2012        Jul 19, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed a district police chief and four other policemen in Uruzgan province.
    (AP, 7/20/12)
2012        Jul 19, In Australia a Chinese national (54) and an Australian man (47) were arrested when drugs worth Aus$128 million (US$133 million) were seized in Sydney. The bust disrupted an international syndicate dealing in methamphetamines.
    (AFP, 7/20/12)
2012        Jul 19, The British government warned unions that they risked public anger if planned industrial actions went ahead. The Aslef rail union announced that 450 of its members in central England would walk out between August 6 and 8 in a dispute over pensions. The decision coincided with a move by border officials to strike on July 26, the day before the start of the Olympic Games.
    (Reuters, 7/19/12)
2012        Jul 19, Britain’s state-rescued Lloyds Banking Group agreed to sell 632 branches at a loss to The Co-operative Group after an EU competition ruling.
    (AFP, 7/19/12)
2012        Jul 19, Scotland Yard officer Constable Simon Harwood (45) was cleared by a jury of killing newspaper seller Ian Tomlinson (47), who became caught up in the G20 protests in London On April 1, 2009.
    (AFP, 7/19/12)
2012        Jul 19, China said it would offer $20 billion in new loans to Africa, underscoring the relationship's growing importance, as Chinese companies agreed to operate more responsibly on the resource-rich continent.
    (AFP, 7/19/12)
2012        Jul 19, In Colombia farmer Mauricio Largo was killed as Nasa Indians and other locals clashed with police in the southwestern Cauca region. Residents, tired of being caught in a 48-year conflict, demanded that the military and leftist rebels leave the area.
    (SFC, 7/21/12, p.A2)
2012        Jul 19, In Egypt bearded men in the short robes, favored by some Islamists, machine-gunned 2 soldiers as they were walking on foot in Sheikh Zweid town near the Gaza Strip. Pres. Morsi, who was sworn in last month as Egypt's first elected civilian president, issued an order to pardon 572 people convicted by military tribunals.
    (AP, 7/19/12)(AFP, 7/23/12)
2012        Jul 19, France seized a six-storey mansion on the chic Avenue Foch in the 16th district, reportedly worth between 100 and 150 million euros, in connection with an investigation into Teodorin Obiang, the son of Equatorial Guinea leader Teodoro Obiang Nguema.
    (AFP, 8/3/12)
2012        Jul 19, Indian national and state lawmakers voted for a new president, with former finance minister Pranab Mukherjee seen as a certainty to take up the mainly ceremonial post.
    (AFP, 7/19/12)
2012        Jul 19, India's top carmaker Maruti Suzuki suspended production at a plant near New Delhi after a manager was burnt to death and scores of others injured in a riot by angry workers. At least 88 workers were arrested and faced possible charges from murder to rioting and arson.
    (AFP, 7/19/12)
2012        Jul 19, In the Ivory Coast 4 people were killed in a late night attack town of Duekoue, inhabited mostly by ethnic Malinke, triggered reprisals by youths from Kokoma who blamed a group of displaced Guere people and went to burn their nearby camp.
    (AFP, 7/20/12)
2012        Jul 19, In Lebanon investigative Judge Ghassan Oeidat indicted 88 people allegedly involved in 2007 fighting against the army in a Palestinian refugee camp in northern Lebanon, demanding that some of them face the death penalty. Oeidat also ordered the release of 126 others.
    (AP, 7/19/12)
2012        Jul 19, In northern Nigeria gunmen in two separate attacks shot dead at least five people, including a policeman.
    (AFP, 7/19/12)
2012        Jul 19, In Oman a US Navy helicopter crash killing 2 crewmembers. 3 others aboard the downed MH-53E Sea Dragon survived.
    (AP, 7/22/12)
2012        Jul 19, In Russia a top Muslim cleric in Tatarstan province was shot dead and another was wounded by a car bomb. The province's leader and local religious authorities said the attacks were probably related to the priests' criticism of radical Islamists.
    (AP, 7/19/12)
2012        Jul 19, In Spain tens of thousands protested in 80 cities throughout the country against the government’s latest austerity package.
    (SFC, 7/20/12, p.A2)
2012        Jul 19, Sudan’s official SUNA news agency said nearly 60 people have been killed this week in fighting between Arab tribes in Sudan's conflict-plagued Darfur region.
    (AFP, 7/19/12)
2012        Jul 19, Syrian government forces fired heavy machine guns and mortars in battles with rebels in a number of neighborhoods in Damascus. State-run TV warned citizens that gunmen were disguising themselves in military uniforms to carry out attacks. Activists reported that 302- 310 people were killed in violence nationwide making it the single deadliest day of fighting since the revolt began. Syrian rebels seize the Bab al-Hawa border crossing with Turkey. Rebels ransacked customs buildings and pulled cargo from the back of stranded trucks.
    (AP, 7/19/12)(AP, 7/20/12)(AFP, 7/21/12)(AFP, 7/22/12)
2012        Jul 19, Togo’s President Faure Gnassingbe named his commerce minister, Kwesi Ahoomey-Zunu, to lead the new government.
    (AFP, 7/22/12)
2012        Jul 19, In Tunisia a military court convicted former dictator Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, who is in exile in Saudi Arabia, for complicity in the deaths of protesters in the north of the country during last year's uprising and sentenced him to life in prison. Some 43 officials were tried in the same case, receiving sentences ranging from five years in prison to life.
    (AP, 7/19/12)
2012        Jul 19, In Yemen a bomb hidden inside the car of Col. Abdullah al-Maouzaei, charged with hunting down members of al-Qaida's Yemen branch, exploded and killed him in Aden.
    (AP, 7/19/12)
2012        Jul 19, At the United Nations permanent Security Council members Russia and China vetoed resolutions on Syria for the third time in nine months.
    (AFP, 7/19/12)

2012        Jul 20, James Holmes (24) dressed in riot gear burst into a movie theater in Aurora, Colo., during the early morning showing of the Batman film "The Dark Knight Rises" and methodically began shooting patrons, killing at least 12 people and injuring at least 50.
    (AFP, 7/20/12)
2012        Jul 20, Yale University, one of the leading centers of liberal education in the United States, defended controversial restrictions on protests and political parties at its new Singapore campus. The first batch of students will start classes in August 2013 at an NUS facility before the new campus officially opens in 2015.
    (AFP, 7/20/12)
2012        Jul 20, Chicago lottery winner Urooj Khan (46) died weeks after winning a $1 million jackpot from the Illinois Lottery. Authorities later said he died from cyanide poisoning and in 2013 began exhumation proceedings.
    (SFC, 1/11/13, p.A6)
2012        Jul 20, In Massachusetts Rezwan Ferdaus (26), a Muslim American, admitted that he had plotted to use remote controlled model planes packed with explosives to blow up the Pentagon and the US Capitol.
    (SFC, 7/21/12, p.A5)
2012        Jul 20, In Texas instructor Staff Sgt. Luis Walker was found guilty on all 28 charges he faced including rape and sexual assault. He was among 12 Lackland Air Force Base instructors investigated for sexual misconduct toward at least 31 female trainees. The next day Walker was sentenced to 20 years in prison.
    (SFC, 7/21/12, p.A5)(AP, 7/21/12)
2012        Jul 20, In Virginia Mohamad Soueid (48) was sentenced to 18 months in prison for acting as an unregistered foreign agent of the Syrian government. He had earlier admitted to spying on Syrian dissidents in the US.
    (SFC, 7/21/12, p.A5)
2012        Jul 20, In Bahrain thousands of anti-government protesters clashed with riot police firing tear gas during demonstrations against plans to limit political marches.
    (AP, 7/21/12)
2012        Jul 20, Sir Alastair Burnet (84), British veteran television newscaster, died. He was ITN's head anchor from 1967 to 1991, except between 1974 and 1976, when he anchored the BBC's coverage of the two 1974 general elections and edited the Daily Express. He edited The Economist from 1965-1974.
    (AFP, 7/20/12)(Econ, 7/28/12, p.82)
2012        Jul 20, In Brunei 12 military personnel including six cadets were killed in an air force Bell 212 helicopter crash while flying home after jungle training. 2 cadets survived.
    (AFP, 7/21/12)
2012        Jul 20, Chile’s government announced that 14.4% of Chileans were living below the poverty line, down from 15.1% in 2009. The United Nation’s Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean had found the poverty rate to be 15%.
    (Economist, 9/29/12, p.40)
2012        Jul 20, A Beijing court rejected dissident artist Ai Weiwei's lawsuit over a $2.4 million fine imposed on his company for tax evasion. He said the case is part of an intimidation campaign to stop him from criticizing the government.
    (AP, 7/20/12)
2012        Jul 20, In the Ivory Coast nine women were sentenced to two years in prison each for involvement in female genital mutilation, marking the first time such a case results in jail time in the West African nation.
    (AP, 7/20/12)
2012        Jul 20, In the Ivory Coast seven people were killed and 13 wounded in an attack on a UN-protected displaced persons camp. Angry youths from Kokoma torched the displaced persons' camp at Niambly on the outskirts of town, populated mainly by Guere people.
    (AFP, 7/21/12)
2012        Jul 20, Iraqi officials said hundreds of Iraqis had flown out of Syria over the past two days to escape an escalating civil war. They said an estimated 50 buses, some 3,000 people, had so far come through al-Walid.
    (AP, 7/20/12)
2012        Jul 20, The African Development Bank gave impoverished Malawi $40 million in budget help, just days after two of the country's biggest donors, the World Bank and Britain unveiled new aid packages.
    (AFP, 7/20/12)
2012        Jul 20, In western Mexico a bus traveling to a beach went off a cliff killing at least 24 people in Tequepexpan.
    (SSFC, 7/22/12, p.A2)
2012        Jul 20, The Nepalese film "Highway" was released in Nepal. It had already become the first Nepali film to qualify for the Berlin International Film Festival's Panorama category for new directors. It was directed by Deepak Rauniyar (33) and co-produced by "Lethal Weapon" star Danny Glover.
    (AFP, 7/26/12)
2012        Jul 20, Nigeria's first lady was sworn into a senior government post in the oil-rich state of Bayelsa, an appointment tagged as scandalous by some opponents.
    (AFP, 7/20/12)
2012        Jul 20, Puntland security forces of the semi-autonomous region in northern Somalia seized a boat carrying weapons that were being smuggled from al-Qaida militants in Yemen to fighters in Somalia.
    (AP, 7/21/12)
2012        Jul 20, Saudi authorities warned non-Muslim expatriates against eating, drinking or smoking in public during Ramadan, or face expulsion. The monthlong sunrise-to-sunset fast began today for Sunni Muslims.
    (AP, 7/20/12)
2012        Jul 20, Sierra Leone's health ministry said an outbreak of cholera in the west African country has killed 66 people and sickened more than 3,800 since January.
    (AFP, 7/21/12)
2012        Jul 20, Finance ministers from the 17 countries that use the euro unanimously approved the terms for a bailout loan for Spanish banks of up to €100 billion ($122.9 billion).
    (AP, 7/20/12)
2012        Jul 20, Sri Lanka completed a $2.6 billion IMF bailout, but sought fresh loans to support an economy emerging from decades of ethnic war. The original July 2009 IMF bailout was secured when the island's foreign reserves had dropped to a dangerously low level of $1 billion.
    (AFP, 7/21/12)
2012        Jul 20, Syrian troops and tanks drove rebels from a Damascus neighborhood where some of the heaviest of this week's fighting in the capital left cars gutted and fighters' bodies in the streets. A fourth member of President Bashar Assad's inner circle, national security chief Gen. Hisham Ikhtiyar, died of wounds he suffered in the July 18 bomb blast. The death toll for the last 2 days was over 470 people.
    (AFP, 7/20/12)(SFC, 7/21/12, p.A2)
2012        Jul 20, In Turkey an explosion and fire shut down twin pipelines that carry oil from Iraq to the Mediterranean.
    (AP, 7/21/12)
2012        Jul 20, The UN refugee agency said up to 30,000 Syrians have fled into Lebanon over the past 48 hours. The UN Security Council added a "final" 30 days to the mandate of the UN Supervision Mission, tasked with overseeing a ceasefire that was supposed to have taken effect in April but which has been violated daily.
    (AFP, 7/20/12)(AFP, 7/21/12)
2012        Jul 20, The United Nations' highest court ordered Senegal to prosecute former Chadian dictator Hissene Habre on torture charges "without further delay" if the country does not extradite him to Belgium.
    (AP, 7/20/12)

2012        Jul 21, The US government said it has cut this year's $200,000 planned military assistance to Rwanda amid concerns that the government in Kigali is supporting rebel movements in neighboring Congo.
    (AP, 7/21/12)
2012        Jul 21, In San Diego, Ca., active US service members marched for the first time in full uniform at the city’s Gay Pride Parade.
    (SSFC, 7/22/12, p.A6)
2012        Jul 21, In Aurora, Colorado, bomb experts disarmed the booby-trapped apartment of James Holms, who killed 12 people in a movie theater on July 20.
    (SSFC, 7/22/12, p.A8)
2012        Jul 21, In eastern Afghanistan a NATO service member died in an insurgent attack. Taliban insurgents whipped two men 40 times in public in a village south of Kabul after accusing them of attempting to kidnap a young boy for ransom.
    (AFP, 7/22/12)
2012        Jul 21, Nearly 400 rockets and shells were fired into Afghanistan and killed at least four people in Dangam district along the border with Pakistan.
    (AP, 7/22/12)
2012        Jul 21, In China at least 54 people died, including 37 in Beijing, during torrential rainstorms which battered much of northern and southwestern China over the last 24 hours. Heavy rainfall was expected to last for another day. On July 26 the toll in Beijing was increased to 77.
    (AFP, 7/21/12)(AP, 7/22/12)(AFP, 7/23/12)(AFP, 7/26/12)
2012        Jul 21, An Egyptian court sentenced Ali Wanees, an ultraconservative former lawmaker and cleric, to a year in prison for public indecency, after police said they found him fondling a woman on his lap in a parked car at night. He was tried in absentia and is allowed a retrial. The court sentenced the woman he was with to six months in jail.
    (AP, 7/21/12)
2012        Jul 21,  Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, who became head of the Islamic State of Iraq in 2010, claimed that the Al-Qaida affiliated militant network is returning to the old strongholds from which it was driven by US forces and their Sunni allies prior to the American withdrawal at the end of last year.
    (AP, 7/22/12)
2012        Jul 21, Jamaican police torched nearly 15,000 pounds of marijuana seized in raids on trafficking operations, most of which was found this year.
    (SFC, 7/23/12, p.A2)
2012        Jul 21, A Japanese H-IIB rocket blasted off from the southern island of Tanegashima to deliver an unmanned supplies vessel to the International Space Station.
    (AFP, 7/21/12)
2012        Jul 21, Six Malian self-defense groups said they have joined forces to oust Islamist militants who have seized control of the country's northern half for almost four months.
    (AFP, 7/21/12)
2012        Jul 21, Mozambique launched a Brazilian funded pharmaceutical plant that will make anti-retroviral drugs to battle the HIV/AIDS scourge in the southern African country. The plant will initially package drugs from Brazil but start producing the pills by the end of the year.
    (AFP, 7/21/12)
2012        Jul 21, In Pakistan gunmen shot dead seven soldiers at a checkpoint in Gwadar, in southwestern Baluchistan province, as violence marred the start of Ramadan. At least twelve people were killed and a further 24 wounded in two bomb attacks in the northwestern Kurram tribal district and in the Upper Dir district.
    (AFP, 7/21/12)
2012        Jul 21, In the Philippines 2 people were killed and six others were missing as floods inundated parts of Manila and nearby areas while a storm tore through the country's north.
    (AFP, 7/21/12)
2012        Jul 21, Russia reported that President Vladimir Putin has signed into law a new measure that requires from non-governmental groups receiving funding from abroad and engages in political activity to register as a foreign agent.
    (AP, 7/21/12)
2012        Jul 21, In South Africa two busses collided in the country's southeast killed 18 people near the Eastern Cape town of Cradock. Three of them were elementary school children headed to a sports event.
    (AP, 7/21/12)
2012        Jul 21, Syrian troops clashed with rebels in the city of Aleppo for a second day, forcing inhabitants to flee to safer areas in some of the fiercest fighting to date. At least 20 people were killed across Syria.
    (AP, 7/21/12)(AFP, 7/21/12)
2012        Jul 21, In Tajikistan rebel leader, Tolib Ayombekov, allegedly had the head of provincial security killed in Gorno-Badakhshan province. This was believed to be the result of a dispute over who would control how much of the drug smuggling from Afghanistan.
    (www.strategypage.com/htmw/htterr/articles/20120805.aspx)
2012        Jul 21, In Togo several thousands anti-government demonstrators rallied in the capital to protest what they say is a crackdown on the opposition movement.
    (AFP, 7/22/12)

2012        Jul 22, It was reported that the US has begun training an elite unit of counternarcotics police in Ghana and planned similar units in Nigeria and Kenya.
    (SSFC, 7/22/12, p.A5)
2012        Jul 22, A top US official said that Washington has given $100 million in aid to Jordan to help host tens of thousands of Syrians who have fled the unrest back home and taken refuge in the kingdom.
    (AFP, 7/22/12)
2012        Jul 22, The 19th International AIDS Conference opened in Washington, DC, with the theme: "Turning the Tide." It returned to the United States for the first time since 1990, after being kept away by laws that barred people with HIV from traveling to the country.
    (AFP, 7/22/12)
2012        Jul 22, Demonstrators stormed a police department in Orange County, Calif., to protest an officer-involved shooting that left an unarmed man dead and led to a violent clash between witnesses and police. Two officers were placed on paid leave after one of them fatally shot 24-year-old Manuel Diaz a day earlier.
    (AP, 7/23/12)
2012        Jul 22, In rural South Texas at least 11 people died and another 12 were injured after a pickup truck loaded with passengers left the highway and crashed into trees in Goliad County.
    (AP, 7/23/12)
2012        Jul 22, In Afghanistan roadside bombs killed 2 NATO service members in the east and 2 more in the south. NATO said that it killed a number of insurgents with an airstrike in the Mohammad Agha district of eastern Logar province. The bodies of 5 kidnapped Afghan men, working a base joint operated by Afghan and NATO forces, were discovered in Wardak province. An Afghan policeman killed 3 civilian contractors, 2 Americans and a British citizen, working for NATO in Herat province.
    (AP, 7/22/12)(AFP, 7/23/12)(SFC, 7/23/12, p.A2)(SFC, 7/24/12, p.A2)
2012        Jul 22, A British man attempting to swim the Channel died off the French coast.
    (AFP, 7/22/12)
2012        Jul 22, Cuban activist Oswaldo Paya (60) died in a car crash in La Gavina. Fellow activist, Harold Cepero Escalante, was also killed. Paya had spent decades speaking out against the communist government of Fidel and Raul Castro and became one of the most powerful voices of dissent against their half-century rule. Cuba later charged Angel Carromero, a Spanish citizen and the driver of the car, with homicide while driving a vehicle on public roads. On Dec 14 Spain's Deputy PM Soraya Saenz de Santamaria said that Carromero would be returning to Spain to complete his 4-year sentence, but did not give an exact date.
    (AP, 7/23/12)(AP, 7/31/12)(AP, 12/14/12)
2012        Jul 22, In Egypt attackers blew up a gas pipeline in the Sinai used to export fuel to Israel and Jordan, the 15th such attack since 2011.
    (AFP, 7/22/12)
2012        Jul 22, India’s former finance minister Pranab Mukherjee (76) was elected president after votes from national and state lawmakers were counted for the mainly ceremonial post.
    (AFP, 7/22/12)
2012        Jul 22, In Iraq a car bomb in the center of Najaf wounded 23 people. 17 people were killed across the country.
    (AFP, 7/22/12)(AFP, 8/1/12)
2012        Jul 22, In Madagascar new gunfire was heard from the direction of a military base near the main airport after the defense minister asserted that a mutiny had been brought under control. The leader of the renegade troops was identified as Koto Mainty, or the "Black Corporal." An officer sent in to start talks was shot and later died of his wounds. Another government soldier and the alleged leader of the mutiny were killed during a government assault.
    (AFP, 7/22/12)(AP, 7/23/12)
2012        Jul 22, In northern Nigeria a bomb blast killed a 10-year-old boy and wounded 10 others, in Bauchi city's Tundunwadan Dan-iya area, an area repeatedly targeted by a radical Islamist group.
    (AFP, 7/22/12)
2012        Jul 22, Pakistani fighter jets bombarded militant hideouts in different areas of Upper Orakzai tribal region, killing more than 10 people.
    (AFP, 7/22/12)
2012        Jul 22, Somalia's most powerful militant group publicly executed three of its members because they had spied on the militants for the US and British intelligence agencies.
    (AP, 7/22/12)   
2012        Jul 22, In Spain a vacationing French family of five jumped off a seaside cliff in a desperate attempt to escape a raging wildfire in Portbou, with the father and one of his children plummeting some 50 meters (165 feet) to their deaths. Two other people were also killed by the weekend fires in northeastern Spain.
    (AP, 7/23/12)
2012        Jul 22, Syrian forces headed by President Bashar al-Assad's brother used helicopters in a new offensive against rebels in Damascus, as clashes also raged in Aleppo. The death toll in fighting across Syria stood at 123, including 67 civilians, 22 rebels and 34 soldiers.
    (AFP, 7/22/12)(AFP, 7/23/12)
2012        Jul 22, Tanzania police said they have arrested 43 suspected members of an Islamist group (UAMSHO) seeking greater independence for the country's Zanzibar archipelago following a protest rally on July 20.
    (AP, 7/22/12)

2012        Jul 23, The US NCAA imposed penalties on Penn State and its football program related to the cover-up of pedophile charges against former defensive coach Jerry Sandusky. The penalties included $60 million and the abdicating of all wins since 1998.
    (SFC, 7/25/12, p.A10)
2012        Jul 23, Sally Ride (61), the first US woman to travel into space and an advocate for science education, died in Florida after a 17-month battle with pancreatic cancer. Her death made it public that her surviving partner of 27 years was a woman. Ride first launched into space in 1983 aboard Challenger on the 7th mission of US space shuttle program. In 2014 Lynn Sherr authored “Sally Ride: America’s First Woman in Space."
    (Reuters, 7/24/12)(SSFC, 7/13/14, p.N3)
2012        Jul 23, An Afghan army soldier turned his gun on his NATO colleagues injuring two US troops in Faryab province. Gunmen killed 3 people in an ambush on a van in northern Parvan province, including an American electrical engineer who had lived in the country for decades.
    (AFP, 7/23/12)(AP, 7/24/12)
2012        Jul 23, China’s State-controlled CNOOC Ltd launched a takeover bids by agreeing to buy Canadian oil producer Nexen Inc for $15.1 billion, forcing Ottawa to decide whether national security concerns outweigh its desire for foreign investment in its energy resources.
    (Reuters, 7/23/12)
2012        Jul 23, Egypt began to release detainees held by the military following a decree last week by President Mohamed Morsi.
    (AFP, 7/23/12)
2012        Jul 23, Egypt's ambassador to the West Bank Yasser Othman said transiting Palestinians can enter Egypt for 72 hours to arrange their own travel. A Palestinian official in Cairo said more easing of restrictions are being negotiated.
    (AP, 7/23/12)
2012        Jul 23, The European Union said it was ready to back the deployment of an African stabilization force under UN mandate in Mali, and threatened sanctions against those posing a threat to democratic change.
    (AFP, 7/23/12)
2012        Jul 23, The European Union promised to lift most of the sanctions slapped against Zimbabwe a decade ago if the country holds a "credible" vote on a new constitution.
    (AFP, 7/23/12)
2012        Jul 23, In Haiti 4 squatters were shot to death as police and other officials forced them to vacate a woodland in La Visite National Park. Haiti was down to about 2% of its original forest cover.
    (SFC, 8/31/12, p.A4)
2012        Jul 23, India police said about 25,000 villagers have fled their homes in Assam state during clashes between Bodo tribal groups and Muslim settlers in which 15 people have been killed. Police issued shoot-on-sight orders in an attempt to quell ethnic violence in Assam state, after rioters burnt shops and houses and attacked rival gangs.
    (AFP, 7/23/12)(AFP, 7/24/12)
2012        Jul 23, In India Lakshmi Sehgal (b.1914), a top Indian female revolutionary, died following a heart attack. She had fought Allied forces during World War II.
    (AFP, 7/23/12)(Econ, 8/4/12, p.82)
2012        Jul 23, Iran’s semiofficial ISNA news agency reported that people had poured into the streets of Nishabur to protest a steep hike in the price of chicken.
    (SFC, 7/24/12, p.A2)
2012        Jul 23, In Iraq bombings and shootings killed 115 people in the deadliest day this year. 29 coordinated attacks in 19 cities sent a chilling warning that al-Qaida is slowly resurging in the security vacuum created by a weak government in Baghdad and the departure of the US military seven months ago.
    (AP, 7/23/12)(AFP, 7/24/12)(AP, 7/26/12)(AFP, 8/1/12)(AP, 8/17/12)
2012        Jul 23, Liberia's President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf signed the Table Mountain Declaration, a pledge drawn up by global media rights bodies to boost press freedom and stop the criminal prosecution of journalists. the declaration was adopted by the World Association of Newspapers and News Publishers (WAN-IFRA) in Cape Town, South Africa in 2007. She became only the second African leader after Niger President Mahamadou Issoufou, to sign the declaration.
    (AFP, 7/23/12)
2012        Jul 23, In central Nigeria heavy rainfall overnight forced a dam to overflow, causing flooding that left at least 35 people dead and destroyed or damaged some 200 homes.
    (AFP, 7/23/12)
2012        Jul 23, In northwest Pakistan US drones fired missiles at a compound of militant commander Sadiq Noor killing 10 suspected insurgents.
    (SFC, 7/24/12, p.A2)(AFP, 7/29/12)
2012        Jul 23, Spain's market regulator says it has temporarily banned short-selling of shares on its stock indexes owing to volatility in Spanish and European markets. It noted that Italy took similar steps today.
    (AP, 7/23/12)
2012        Jul 23, Sudan turned down South Sudan's proposal of a higher oil transit fee and an $8.2 billion financial deal, ruling out any comprehensive settlement of outstanding issues by the August 2 deadline.
    (AFP, 7/23/12) 
2012        Jul 23, The Syrian regime threatened to use its chemical and biological weapons in case of a foreign attack, in its first ever acknowledgement that it possesses weapons of mass destruction. The Arab League offered Syrian President Bashar Assad and his family a "safe exit" if he steps down. EU foreign ministers began talks in Brussels with an agreement to freeze the assets of 26 Syrians and three firms close to the Assad regime in the 17th round of sanctions since protests erupted last year.
    (AP, 7/23/12)(AFP, 7/23/12)
2012        Jul 23, The WWF conservation group ranked Vietnam the worst country for wildlife crime in its first-ever report on how well 23 Asian and African countries protect rhinos, tigers and elephants.
    (AP, 7/23/12)

2012        Jul 24, The New Orleans Police Dept. and the US Dept. of Justice announced an agreement to overhaul the city’s scandal-ridden police force and improve city safety.
    (SFC, 7/25/12, p.A6)
2012        Jul 24, In California the Alameda County Board of Supervisors voted 5-0 for the Safe Drug Disposal Ordnance, which requires producers of drugs sold or distributed in the county to pay for safe collection and disposal of unused medications.
    (SFC, 7/25/12, p.C1)
2012        Jul 24, Chad Everett, the star of the 1970s TV series "Medical Center," died in LA. He also appeared in such films and TV shows as "Mulholland Drive" and "Melrose Place."
    (AFP, 7/24/12)
2012        Jul 24, Sherman Hemsley (b.1938), African-American actor best know for his role as George Jefferson, died in El Paso, Texas. He debuted as George Jefferson in 1973 in the “All in the Family" sitcom. From 1975-1985 he continued in “The Jeffersons." From 1986 to 1991 he played Deacon Ernest Frye in “Amen."
    (SFC, 7/25/12, p.C5)
2012        Jul 24, British prosecutors brought criminal charges against 8 of the most prominent figures in the phone-hacking scandal by one or Rupert Murdock’s tabloid newspapers. They included Andy Coulson and Rebekah Brooks.
    (SFC, 7/25/12, p.A5)
2012        Jul 24, Burundi's anti-corruption court sentenced Faustin Ndikumana, an anti-graft activist, to five years in jail for "false declarations." Ndikumana was arrested February 7 after writing a letter in which he said candidates for the post of judge in Burundi had to pay a bribe, and that the justice minister was in part responsible for this state of affairs.
    (AFP, 7/24/12)
2012        Jul 24, China upgraded Sansha to prefecture level. The area was created by bureaucrats in 2007 to oversee and administer one million square miles of the South China Sea. A new mayor declared Sansha, population of just 1,000, to be China's newest municipality. The city administration is on tiny Yongxing island, 350 km (220 miles) southeast from China's tropical Hainan Island. Vietnam and China both claim the Paracels, of which Yongxing, little more than half the size of Manhattan's Central Park, is part.
    (SFC, 7/24/13, p.A14)(Econ, 4/19/14, SR p.15)(AP, 7/24/12)
2012        Jul 24, Egypt's president designated Hesham Kandil, a young, independent US-educated irrigation minister, as the new prime minister to form a government that will be tasked with turning the country's economy and security around.
    (AP, 7/24/12)
2012        Jul 24, Ghana’s Pres. Atta Mills (68) died at a hospital in Accra. Vice President John Mahama (53), who held degrees in history and communications, was sworn in hours after. Mahama had recently published: “My First Coup D'Etat And Other True Stories from the Lost Decades of Africa."
    (AP, 7/25/12)
2012        Jul 24, Hong Kong authorities issued a hurricane warning for the first time since 1999 as Typhoon Vicente roared to within 100 km of Hong Kong shortly after midnight, disrupting dozens of flights to the regional hub.
    (AFP, 7/24/12)
2012        Jul 24, India's top court banned tourism in tiger reserves across the country in a ruling that aims to protect the endangered big cats but may disrupt travel plans for droves of tourists who booked stays at the hundreds of hotels that have sprung up deep inside the forests.
    (AP, 7/24/12)
2012        Jul 24, Indian security forces shot dead four rioters, taking the death toll from ethnic violence in the remote northeast to 26.
    (AFP, 7/24/12)
2012        Jul 24, In Iraq a car bomb in the town of Ad-Dawr, in Salaheddin province north of Baghdad, killed the wife and four children of a police captain. A roadside bomb in south Baghdad killed at least two people and wounded three others.
    (AFP, 7/25/12)
2012        Jul 24, Uri Blau, a reporter with Israel's Haaretz newspaper, was convicted under a plea bargain of possessing classified military documents. Anat Kam, a former solider, had handed some 1,800 documents to Blau who used some of them as the source for an article in 2008 which said troops had been ordered to carry out targeted killings of Palestinian militants in violation of a Supreme Court order.
    (AFP, 7/24/12)
2012        Jul 24, Mayors from across Italy, holding up flags and wearing their tricolor sashes, demonstrated in front of the Italian Senate against spending cuts planned by the government.
    (AP, 7/24/12)
2012        Jul 24, Japanese automaker Toyota Motor Corp said it will invest more than $100 million to expand Lexus production in Canada.
    (Reuters, 7/24/12)
2012        Jul 24, A grouping of Mali's main political parties (FDR) formed after a March coup, demanded the resignation of the interim PM Cheick Modibo Diarra, whom they accused of "incompetence and amateurishness." The grouping unites some 40 political parties and about 100 civil society organizations.
    (AFP, 7/24/12)
2012        Jul 24, In Montenegro some 850 Roma people, who had fled Kosovo during the 1998-99 war, lost their belongings in the fire that swept through the refugee barracks in the suburb of Konik. No one was injured.
    (AP, 7/25/12)
2012        Jul 24, In Pakistan gunmen attacked trucks bound for NATO in Afghanistan, killing a driver at the Torkham border crossing, in the first such incident since supply lines reopened after a seven-month blockade. The crossing was closed for 9 days.
    (AFP, 7/24/12)(AFP, 8/6/12)
2012        Jul 24, Saudi state TV announced that the government has collected about $32.5 million in donations as part of a national drive to support "our brothers in Syria."
    (AP, 7/24/12)
2012        Jul 24, Sierra Leone's government said it has issued provisional offshore oil prospecting awards to nine companies.
    (AFP, 7/24/12)
2012        Jul 24, South Korea’s Pres. Lee Myung-bak apologized for a string of corruption scandals implicating his relatives and allies.
    (SFC, 7/25/12, p.A5)
2012        Jul 24, Syria’s President Bashar Assad reshuffled the generals at the core of his regime's highly secretive security apparatus. Clashes continued with the Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reporting at least 33 people killed nationwide. Fierce clashes spread to new neighborhoods in Aleppo in a fourth day of fighting there. Helicopter gunships began to hammer the outskirts of Aleppo.
    (AP, 7/24/12)(AFP, 7/24/12)(Econ, 7/28/12, p.38)
2012        Jul 24, In Tajikistan 42 gunmen and government soldiers were killed in clashes with an armed group led by Tolib Ayombekov, a former warlord, whom the Tajik government has accused of involvement in a recent killing of a senior intelligence officer. Dozens of civilians casualties were also suspected.
    (AP, 7/24/12)(SFC, 7/25/12, p.A2)(Econ, 7/28/12, p.35)
2012        Jul 24, UN helicopters fired on rebel positions in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo after new clashes broke out between rebel fighters and loyalist troops.
    (AFP, 7/24/12)
2012        Jul 24, Yemeni warplanes killed at least five al-Qaida-linked militants in overnight airstrikes against hideouts in the southern Abyan province.
    (AP, 7/24/12)

2012        Jul 25, The Pentagon said it planned to sell 60 Patriot missiles to Kuwait in a deal worth an estimated $4.2 billion, as the emirate tries to bolster its defenses against the threat from Iran.
    (AFP, 7/25/12)
2012        Jul 25, Argentina’s Pres. Cristina Fernandez revealed a new 100-peso note featuring the face of Eva Peron on the eve the 60th anniversary of her death. Peron’s the first woman to appear on any Argentine banknote.
    (SFC, 7/26/12, p.A2)
2012        Jul 25, Britain’s the Department of Health said it is to extend its seasonal flu vaccination program to all British children, free of charge, becoming the first country in the world to do so.
    (Reuters, 7/25/12)
2012        Jul 25, Official figures showed Britain is suffering a far deeper recession than thought, in a development that is likely to increase the pressure on the government to ease up on its tough austerity approach.
    (AP, 7/25/12)
2012        Jul 25, The Olympics kicked off with a women's football match between Britain and New Zealand in Cardiff. The match in the Welsh capital comes two days before the July 27 opening ceremony at the main London stadium but marks the competitive sporting debut for the Games.
    (Reuters, 7/25/12)
2012        Jul 25, In eastern CongoDRC M23 rebels allied with a local militia battled Congolese troops backed by UN peacekeepers, and allegedly fighting alongside rebels of the Democratic Front for the Liberation of Rwanda. At least 2 civilians were killed.
    (AP, 8/5/12)
2012        Jul 25, In France a helicopter crashed in the Verdon Gorge and killed all 6 people on board. They were all employees of Eurocopter, an EADS-owned firm.
    (SFC, 7/26/12, p.A7)
2012        Jul 25, Indian police recovered 12 bodies from rice fields and roadsides in the remote state of Assam as the death toll from ethnic violence rose to 38 after four days of clashes.
    (AFP, 7/25/12)
2012        Jul 25, Indian anti-graft activist Anna Hazare, whose hunger strike last year generated a nationwide outpouring of support, vowed to hold another fast to pile pressure on the government.
    (AFP, 7/25/12)
2012        Jul 25, Top Iranian government officials and lawmakers agreed in a meeting to budget cuts in a bid to shore up an economy struggling with Western sanctions and inflation.
    (AFP, 7/25/12)
2012        Jul 25, The Islamic State of Iraq claimed responsibility for the July 23 attacks that left 113 dead in a statement posted on jihadist forum Honein.
    (AFP, 7/25/12)
2012        Jul 25, The International Monetary Fund announced it had reached a preliminary deal with Jordan for a $2 billion loan to steady the country's battered economy. Jordan currently is hosting more than 140,000 Syrians, and is building more camps to house the refugees.
    (AFP, 7/25/12)
2012        Jul 25, Liberia's government welcomed the lifting of UN sanctions against 17 Liberians who were part of former warlord-turned-president Charles Taylor's regime.
    (AFP, 7/25/12)
2012        Jul 25, Madagascan leader Andry Rajoelina and the man he toppled in 2009, Marc Ravalomanana, met on a remote Seychelles island to force a breakthrough in reconciliation efforts.
    (AFP, 7/25/12)
2012        Jul 25, Mexican regulators said they have fined HSBC $28 million for failing to prevent money laundering through accounts at the bank. Mexico's National Securities and Banking Commission said the Mexico subsidiary of the London-based bank has paid the fines. Officials said HSBC in 2007 and 2008 sent about $7 billion in cash from Mexico to the US.
    (AP, 7/25/12)
2012        Jul 25, Pakistan's government told the Supreme Court that it will not reopen an old corruption case against the president, defying a judicial order that has already brought down one prime minister and now threatens his replacement.
    (AP, 7/25/12)
2012        Jul 25, In Peru a pipeline carrying a toxic cocktail of copper concentrate laced with a periodic-table's mix of volatile compounds sprung a leak at a pumping station in Santa Rosa de Cajakay. The leak spilled 45 tons of slurry into the town, spreading toxic dust that left 42 people hospitalized for up to 11 days. Mine owner Antamina said little about the accident and was silent about the slurry's chemistry.
    (AP, 8/16/12)
2012        Jul 25, Former Philippine President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo walked out of a government hospital where she had been detained for nearly eight months on election rigging charges after a court found that evidence against her was weak and granted bail.
    (AP, 7/25/12)
2012        Jul 25, Scotland’s government announced plans to bring forward legislation allowing same-sex couples to marry, making it the first part of the UK to do so.
    (AFP, 7/25/12)
2012        Jul 25, In Singapore Pastor Kong Hee of City Harvest Church appeared in court with 5 others on charges of misusing up to $40 million of church money to fund the music career of his wife, Sun Ho.
    (Econ, 8/4/12, p.36)
2012        Jul 25, The opposition Syrian National Council said 2 more Syrian diplomats, the envoy to Cyprus and her husband, the former ambassador to the UAR, have  defected. Opposition activists said fighting raged through the night in many neighborhoods of Aleppo, bringing the conflict in Syria's largest city into its fifth day. At least 19 civilians, three rebels and an unknown number of soldiers died in fighting in Aleppo. The Observatory said 143 people were killed throughout Syria, including 75 civilians, 41 soldiers and 27 rebel fighters.
    (AP, 7/25/12)(AP, 7/25/12)(AFP, 7/26/12)
2012        Jul 25, Taiwan decided to levy capital gains tax on share trading, more than two decades after a previous attempt to do so sparked a plunge in the stock market and was eventually abandoned. The new measures, which will take effect in January, were passed by the 113-seat parliament, controlled by the ruling Kuomintang.
    (AFP, 7/25/12)
2012        Jul 25, Tunisian President Moncef Marzouki pardoned 1,300 prisoners to mark national day, the 55th anniversary of the proclamation of the republic.
    (AFP, 7/25/12)
2012        Jul 25, Turkey sealed its border with Syria to trucks, effectively cutting off a trade relationship once worth almost $3 billion with the embattled nation. A foreign ministry diplomat said 2 more Syrian brigadier generals crossed into Turkey, bringing to 27 the number of generals who have fled the unrest in Syria.
    (AP, 7/25/12)(AFP, 7/25/12)
2012        Jul 25, Zanzibari authorities charged three people with manslaughter for the sinking of a ferry last week in which at least 104 people drowned, including the ship's owner and captain.
    (AFP, 7/25/12)

2012        Jul 26, The US Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) announced that 90 people had been arrested after a nationwide bust. Agents also seized some 5 million packets of synthetic drugs and supplies to make 14 million more.
    (Econ, 8/4/12, p.30)
2012        Jul 26, NYC councilman Larry Seabrook was convicted on 9 of 12 counts in a corruption case accusing him of putting hundreds of thousands of dollars meant for community projects in the pockets of his girlfriend and family.
    (SFC, 7/27/12, p.A10)
2012        Jul 26, NYC authorities announced enterprise criminal charges against 33 people involved in a lucrative motorcycle theft and smuggling ring.
    (SFC, 7/27/12, p.A13)
2012        Jul 26, Afghan President Hamid Karzai, who is under pressure from the international community to do more to battle corruption, issued an ambitious list of government reforms that orders his ministries, prosecutors and judiciary to fight bribery, nepotism and cronyism. A bomb in the south killed 2 NATO service members.
    (AP, 7/27/12)(SFC, 7/27/12, p.A2)
2012        Jul 26, The Murdoch media empire unexpectedly jettisoned the News of the World after a public backlash over the illegal guerrilla tactics it used to expose the rich, the famous and the royal and remain Britain's best-selling Sunday newspaper. James Murdoch, son of the media magnate, said: "This Sunday will be the last issue of the News of the World."
    (AP, 7/26/12)
2012        Jul 26, China’s state news agency said Gu Kailai, the wife of Bo Xilai, the former political leader whose downfall sent shockwaves through China, has been charged with murdering British businessman    Neil Heywood last November. Zhang Xiaojun, previously described as an orderly who worked for the high-flying couple, will also be prosecuted on the same charge.
    (AFP, 7/26/12)
2012        Jul 26, Cuban President Raul Castro said that his government is willing to mend fences with bitter Cold War foe the United States and sit down to discuss anything, as long as it is a conversation between equals.
    (AP, 7/26/12)
2012        Jul 26, In southern Ethiopia ethnic clashes erupted between the Borana and Garri tribes over a land dispute and left 18 dead and scores displaced.
    (AFP, 7/30/12)
2012        Jul 26, Indian authorities rushed more troops to northeastern Assam state to quell ethnic violence that has left 42 people dead and 13 others missing.
    (AP, 7/26/12)
2012        Jul 26, In India about 100 disabled children took part in the "Bhopal Special Olympics" at a muddy sports ground in the shadow of the Union Carbide factory responsible for the 1984 world's worst industrial accident.
    (AFP, 7/26/12)
2012        Jul 26, In Iraq militants downed an army helicopter killing one soldier. Overnight gun battles around the town of Hadid killed at least 19 people including 11 policemen, in what appeared to be part of an al-Qaida surge to retake one of its former strongholds.
    (AP, 7/26/12)
2012        Jul 26, Mauritania and the European Union signed a new fishing accord after months of heated debate to agree on the EU's exact financial contribution.
    (AFP, 7/26/12)
2012        Jul 26, Mexico’s human rights commission reported that there have been 126 attacks on journalists since year 2000 and that 82 have been killed and 16 gone missing.
    (SFC, 7/27/12, p.A2)
2012        Jul 26, In southern Nigeria suspected sea pirates attacked a speed boat transporting workers for Italian firm Agip, leaving at least one person dead.
    (AFP, 7/27/12)
2012        Jul 26, In northwestern Pakistan a truck packed with explosives blew up in a crowded market, killing 11 people in the Bajur tribal area. Security concerns led officials to temporarily close the Torkham crossing in the northwest Khyber tribal area, a supply route to NATO troops in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 7/26/12)
2012        Jul 26, In the Philippines a clash with al-Qaeda linked Muslim militants left 10 soldiers and 9 rebels dead on Basilan Island.
    (SFC, 7/28/12, p.A2)
2012        Jul 26, A South African court convicted "Boeremag" kingpin Mike du Toit of high treason in a white supremacist plot to kill Nelson Mandela and drive blacks out of the country in a trial that has spanned nearly a decade. The next day  his brother, former policeman Andre du Toit, received the same verdict in a Pretoria court. The men were said to be behind nine bomb blasts that shook the Johannesburg township of Soweto on October 30, 2002.
    (AFP, 7/27/12)
2012        Jul 26, Syrian troops prepared to launch an all-out offensive on rebel-held districts across Aleppo, as pro-regime media warned of a looming "mother of all battles." Jordanian authorities reported that the Syrian army shot dead a six-year-old Syrian boy while firing at his parents and a dozen other refugees as they tried to cross the border fence. Ikhlas Badawi, a female lawmaker from Aleppo, defected to Turkey.
    (AFP, 7/26/12)(AFP, 7/27/12)(AP, 7/29/12)
2012        Jul 26, Tunisian police fired warning shots and tear gas to disperse protesters who attacked provincial government headquarters in Sidi Bouzid, the town where the country's revolution was born.
    (AFP, 7/26/12)
2012        Jul 26, In Ukraine a bare-breasted feminist activist bearing a threatening message on her body tried to attack the Russian Orthodox Church's leader Patriarch Kirill at Kiev's airport, to protest alleged anti-Ukrainian policies by the church and the Kremlin. Femen identified the woman as Yana Zhdanova.
    (AP, 7/26/12)
2012        Jul 26, The UN's food agency said 10 Central African countries have agreed to take part in a regional initiative to monitor the Congo Basin, one of the world's largest primary rainforests. They included Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Rwanda and Sao Tome and Principe.
    (AFP, 7/26/12)
2012        Jul 26, The UN Security Council renewed the mandate of its peacekeeping force in the Ivory Coast but reduced its size despite persistent ethnic violence in the west of the country.
    (AFP, 7/26/12)

2012        Jul 27, In Detroit the bodies of Jacob Kudla (18) and Jourdan Bobbish (17), both of Westland, were found with gunshot wounds on the East Side. The next day police charged Casey Green (39) and Larry Anderson (40) with larceny, obstruction of justice, and tampering with evidence in the car the two teens were driving.
    (SSFC, 7/29/12, p.A12)
2012        Jul 27, In Pennsylvania Kevin Cleeves (35) confronted his estranged wife about custody arrangements for their daughter and shot the woman to death and killed her boyfriend and his mother in Quincy Township. He then fled with his daughter (4) before the two were found the  next day about 250 miles away in Ohio.
    (AP, 7/28/12)
2012        Jul 27, Singer and actor Tony Martin (b.1913 as Alvin Morris) died at his home in LA. He had appeared in over 30 films included “Casbah" (1948).
    (SFC, 7/31/12, p.A7)
2012        Jul 27, Argentina's President Cristina Fernandez granted vast new power over the nation's economy to Axel Kicillof (41), a young firebrand who was the brains behind the takeover of YPF from Spain's Repsol oil company. Fernandez also put Kicillof in charge of a commission responsible for implementing the country's new energy policy.
    (AP, 7/27/12)
2012        Jul 27, Britain’s Queen Elizabeth II declared the London Olympics open after playing a cameo role in a dizzying ceremony designed to highlight the grandeur and eccentricities of the nation that invented modern sport. More than 10,000 athletes from 204 countries will compete in 26 sports over 17 days of competition in the only city to have staged the modern Games three times.
    (Reuters, 7/28/12)
2012        Jul 27, Indian officials said a truck bringing pilgrims from the Amarnath Shrine in Jammu-Kashmir state plunged into a gorge killing 16 men, bringing the overall toll in this year’s pilgrimage to 128.
    (SFC, 7/28/12, p.A2)   
2012        Jul 27, Israel's Supreme Court delayed by at least 3 weeks the scheduled evacuation of the unauthorized West Bank Migron outpost that has become a symbol of settler defiance.
    (AP, 7/27/12)
2012        Jul 27, In Kenya Olga Fonseca Gimenez (57), the charge d'affaires and acting ambassador of Venezuela, was found dead at her official residence in Nairobi. Police said she was murdered by strangulation. Fonseca arrived in Kenya in July to replace Ambassador Gerardo Carillo-Silva, who had fled the country after three male workers at the ambassador's residence filed a complaint with the police accusing him of sexual harassment. Dwight Sagaray, First Secretary at the embassy, was arrested the next day in connection to the murder.
    (AP, 7/27/12)(AFP, 7/30/12)
2012        Jul 27, The wife of Madagascar's ousted leader Marc Ravalomanana was deported and put on a flight to Thailand, hours after she landed at the island nation's capital.
    (AFP, 7/27/12)
2012        Jul 27, In southern Nepal at least 14 pilgrims were killed when a jeep carrying them to a sacred Hindu site swerved off a highway and fell 100 meters (330 feet) into a stream below.
    (AFP, 7/28/12)
2012        Jul 27, The Netherlands said it has suspended part of its development aid to Rwanda because of Kigali's alleged support for rebels in neighboring Democratic Republic of Congo.
    (AFP, 7/27/12)
2012        Jul 27, Saudi authorities detained a number of protesters in the restive eastern Shiite region after they set tires ablaze during an overnight rally. Security forces opened fire on Shiite protesters in the tense Qatif district of Eastern Province, wounding several as hundreds marched to demand the release of detainees.
    (AP, 7/27/12)
2012        Jul 27, In Serbia Ivica Dacic, Slobodan Milosevic's former spokesman, became the new prime minister, promising to promote reconciliation in the Balkans after his nomination triggered fears of resurgent nationalism in the volatile region.
    (AP, 7/27/12)
2012        Jul 27, In South Africa Germany-born conservationist Rita Miljo (81) died in a fire that destroyed much of her Center for Animal Rehabilitation and Education in the bush of Limpopo province. Sha had cared for and reintroduced packs of baboons into the wilds of South Africa.
    (SFC, 7/28/12, p.A2)
2012        Jul 27, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said troops bombarded the neighborhood of Fardous (Fardoss) killing at least four people. It added that Sunni cleric Abdul-Latif al-Shami was kidnapped and killed in Aleppo. Rebels captured 150 regime troops and militia members in the northern city of Aleppo and the northwestern province of Idlib. The Observatory said that at least 148 people were killed nationwide including 90 civilians, 24 rebels and 34 soldiers.
    (AP, 7/27/12)(AFP, 7/27/12)(AFP, 7/28/12)
2012        Jul 27, Tunisian Finance Minister Houcine Dimassi resigned following a disagreement with the policies of the government led by Islamist PM Hamadi Jebali. Dimassi complained of excessive spending.
    (AFP, 7/27/12)
2012        Jul 27, Zimbabwe's central bank chief warned the country's fragile economy could grind to a halt if the government rushes its planned seizure of majority stakes in foreign-owned banks.
    (AFP, 7/27/12)

2012        Jul 28, In Massachusetts Daryl Benway (41), who had recently separated from his wife, shot his two children, killing his 7-year-old daughter, before committing suicide.
    (AP, 7/29/12)
2012        Jul 28, In Afghanistan two NATO service members were killed in an insurgent attack in the east of the country.
    (AP, 7/28/12)
2012        Jul 28, Australian media reported that Sri Lankan navy officials have urged Australia to deport the growing number of boatpeople arriving from their country, saying it was the "best way" to deter people smugglers.
    (AFP, 7/28/12)
2012        Jul 28, Authorities in eastern China dropped plans for a waste water discharge project after thousands of protesters angry about pollution took to the streets in Qidong, Jiangsu province. On Jan 30, 2013, 14 defendants were prosecuted on charges of encouraging mass violence against government buildings and intentionally damaging property in Qidong. 
    (AP, 7/28/12)(AP, 1/31/13)
2012        Jul 28, In China serial killer Zhang Yongming (56) was sentenced to death for murdering 11 people in Jinning county between 2008 and 2012.
    (SSFC, 7/29/12, p.A6)
2012        Jul 28, In Indonesia a group of 150 youths, some as young as 13 and carrying swords and golf clubs, raided the De Most bar in south Jakarta late at night, smashing bottles of alcoholic drinks and damaging the property. Police arrested 62 people, most of them minors, who attacked the bar for serving alcohol during the holy Muslim month of Ramadan.
    (AFP, 7/30/12)
2012        Jul 28, Israeli troops arrested Abdallah Harouf (24), a member of the Islamic Jihad militant group, at his home in the West Bank city of Nablus. Local residents said that four other people were also arrested.
    (AFP, 7/28/12)
2012        Jul 28, Jordan opened its first tent camp for Syrians fleeing violence in their country, as government officials said a surge of refugees left them no other choice. After 3 years the Zaatari Refugee Camp held 81,000 people and was counted as the ninth-biggest city in Jordan.
    (AP, 7/29/12)(SFC, 8/3/15, p.A2)
2012        Jul 28, In Nepal a vehicle crashed in the Palpa district killing 14 people on their way to cremate the body of a relative.
    (SSFC, 7/29/12, p.A6)
2012        Jul 28, North Korea’s state media said flooding across the country this month has killed 88 people, left tens of thousands homeless and devastated swathes of farmland.
    (AFP, 7/28/12)
2012        Jul 28, In Peru searchers found the bodies of two US mountaineers who apparently plunged to their deaths off a ridge after ascending a glacier-capped peak. Gil Weiss (29) and Ben Horne (32) fell an estimated 300 meters (nearly 1,000 feet) off a ridge after reaching the west summit of Palcaraju in the Cordillera Blanca range in mid-July.
    (AP, 7/28/12)
2012        Jul 28, Philippine authorities arrested Ustadz Ahmadsali Asmad Badron, also known as Ammad or Hamad Ustadz Idris, a founding member of the Al-Qaeda-linked Abu Sayyaf group blamed for some of the worst terror attacks in the region.
    (AFP, 7/29/12)
2012        Jul 28, A 2nd day of Sudanese aerial bombing killed three civilians and wounded 21 in Blue Nile state bordering South Sudan. In South Kordofan state 6 civilians were killed in an attack against villages by Khartoum government forces before rebels battled the army, leaving the 17 soldiers dead.
    (AFP, 7/30/12)(AFP, 7/31/12)
2012        Jul 28, The Syrian army launched a massive assault on rebels in Aleppo amid growing world concern about the risks of reprisals against the civilian population. At least 10 soldiers and six rebels were killed in fierce fighting after the assault began. The Observatory said that nationwide violence killed at least 52 people, 22 civilians, 16 rebels and 14 soldiers.
    (AFP, 7/28/12)
2012        Jul 28, Uganda government officials said an outbreak of Ebola virus in the western part of the country has killed 14 people, many in the past week.
    (SSFC, 7/29/12, p.A10)
2012        Jul 28, In Venezuela leaders from across Latin America and the Caribbean pledged closer ties to safeguard their economies from the world financial crisis as they formed a new 33-nation regional bloc (CELAC), the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States, including every nation in the hemisphere except the US and Canada.
    (AP, 7/28/12)
2012        Jul 28, Yemeni police said a booby-trapped parcel has killed Ali Dahab (14), the son of Yemeni tribal chief Sheikh Majed, in an attack suspected to be the work of Al-Qaeda. Thousands of people rallied in Sanaa urging authorities to release 117 protesters arrested during the year-long struggle to oust Pres. Saleh.
    (AFP, 7/28/12)(SSFC, 7/29/12, p.A6)

2012        Jul 29, In Arizona 7 people in a van died in a crash on I-10 near Phoenix after a semitrailer truck crossed the median and struck the van head on.
    (SFC, 7/30/12, p.A5)
2012        Jul 29, In NYC a 2-year-old girl was among 6 people wounded when a car drove by a playground and sprayed it with bullets.
    (SFC, 7/31/12, p.A6)
2012        Jul 29, Thousands of stroller-pushing Hong Kong parents and activists protested a plan to introduce national education lessons, slamming it as a bid to brainwash children with Chinese propaganda.
    (AFP, 7/29/12)
2012        Jul 29, Iran published the results of its 2011 census. It gave Iran's total population as 75.2 million, 99.4 percent of whom are Muslim. 55 percent were under 30 years of age.
    (AFP, 7/29/12)
2012        Jul 29, In Iraq 7 police were killed in two bombings and a drive-by shooting in the former al-Qaida stronghold of Fallujah.
    (AP, 7/29/12)
2012        Jul 29, Mit Romney visited Israel and met with PM Benjamin Netanyahu, Pres. Shimon Peres, and Palestinian Authority PM Salam Fayyad.
    (SFC, 7/30/12, p.A6)
2012        Jul 29, An Israeli newspaper reported that the Obama administration's top security official has briefed Israel on US plans for a possible attack on Iran, seeking to reassure it that Washington is prepared to act militarily should diplomacy and sanctions fail to pressure Tehran to abandon its nuclear enrichment program. A senior Israeli official denied the newspaper report.
    (AP, 7/29/12)(Reuters, 7/29/12)
2012        Jul 29, In Japan thousands of people formed "a human chain" around the parliament complex to demand the government abandon nuclear power.
    (AP, 7/29/12)
2012        Jul 29, Mali's interim president Dioncounda Traore sidelined his controversial PM Cheick Modibo Diarra by announcing the creation of new bodies tasked with ending the crisis. A couple who had an adulterous relationship was stoned to death in the town of Aguelhok.
    (AFP, 7/29/12)(AP, 7/29/12)
2012        Jul 29, In northern Nigeria a gun battle near a mosque in the city of Kano and two other shootings left at least eight people dead in the latest violence to hit the area.
    (AFP, 7/29/12)
2012        Jul 29, Pakistani intelligence officials said a suspected US missile strike killed 4 people in North Waziristan near the Afghan border.
    (AFP, 7/29/12)(SFC, 7/30/12, p.A2)
2012        Jul 29, Romanians voted on whether to oust Pres. Traian Basescu (60), part of a political battle that has raised questions about the rule of law in the fledgling European Union member. A rule required turnout to be more than half of the total electorate. The effort failed because of low voter turnout.
    (AP, 7/29/12)(SFC, 7/30/12, p.A4)
2012        Jul 29, Syrian troops, backed by air power and tanks, pushed on in the second day of an assault on Aleppo, sparking international fears of a humanitarian catastrophe. The Syrian regime accused regional powerhouses Saudi Arabia, Qatar and Turkey of supporting a plot hatched by Israel to destroy the country. A group of 12 Syrian officers crossed into Turkey including a brigadier general who was deputy chief of police in Syria's Latakia region.
    (AFP, 7/29/12)(AP, 7/29/12)(AP, 7/30/12)

2012        Jul 30, The US Congress pressed ahead with a new package of sanctions on Iran, expanding financial penalties and further targeting Tehran’s energy and shipping sectors in an ongoing effort to undercut the country’s suspected nuclear weapons program.
    (SFC, 8/1/12, p.A5)
2012        Jul 30, A report by the Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction was released. It found that the American Embassy in Baghdad never got a written commitment from Iraq to participate in a Police Development Program. US auditors have concluded that more than $200 million was wasted on the program that Baghdad says is neither needed nor wanted.
    (AP, 7/30/12)
2012        Jul 30, HSBC PLC, Europe’s biggest bank, apologized to shareholders as it disclosed a $700 million charge to cover the cost of US penalties for lapses including its failure to enforce money-laundering controls in Mexico.
    (AP, 7/30/12)
2012        Jul 30, In London Lithuanian Ruta Meilutyte, claimed as an "adopted Brit," became the youngest winner of the Olympic event at 15 years and 133 days when she won the 100m breaststroke final over American world champion Rebecca Soni. She became Lithuania's first Olympic swimming champion.
    (AFP, 8/1/12)
2012        Jul 30, A Canadian government-appointed arbitrator chose to enforce Air Canada's final offer over one proposed by the union representing its 3,000 pilots, ending a long and bitter contract dispute but angering the pilots.
    (Reuters, 7/30/12)
2012        Jul 30, In Canada a passenger found what appeared to be a sewing needle in a pre-prepared sandwich on board an Air Canada flight from Victoria, British Columbia to Toronto. On July 14 sewing needles were found in food on four Delta flights from Amsterdam to the United States, injuring one passenger.
    (Reuters, 8/2/12)
2012        Jul 30, Northern India's power grid crashed, halting hundreds of trains, forcing hospitals and airports to use backup generators and leaving 370 million people, more than the population of the United States and Canada combined, sweltering in the summer heat.
    (AP, 7/30/12)
2012        Jul 30, The Times of India, citing a police investigation, said that five suspects were believed to have worked with a local Indian journalist to plan the Feb 13 attack on an Israeli diplomat in New Delhi. Police concluded that members of Iran's Revolutionary Guards, a branch of the Iranian military, carried out the attack.
    (AFP, 7/30/12)
2012        Jul 30, Indian anti-graft activist Anna Hazare (75) threatened a "wave of protest" that would bring down the government on the second day of a hunger strike to push for stronger anti-corruption laws.
    (AFP, 7/30/12)
2012        Jul 30, In southern India a fire swept through a train car packed with sleeping passengers, killing at least 47 people and sending panicked survivors rushing for the only clear exit once the train stopped.
    (AP, 7/30/12)
2012        Jul 30, In Indonesia a man died of bird flu, the country's ninth fatal case this year.
    (AFP, 8/11/12)
2012        Jul 30, An Iranian official said a court has sentenced 39 people linked to a $2.6 billion bank fraud. 4 people were sentenced to death and two to life in prison.
    (SFC, 7/31/12, p.A4)
2012        Jul 30, In Iraq gunmen shot dead television presenter Ghazwan Anas and wounded his mother, wife and four-month-old baby boy in Mosul.
    (AP, 7/31/12)
2012        Jul 30, Morocco's King Mohammed VI vowed to press ahead with reforms, including strengthening the independence of the judiciary and battling corruption, in a speech to mark 13 years on the throne.
    (AFP, 7/30/12)
2012        Jul 30, In Nigeria explosions, including a suicide blast, rocked two police stations in the northwestern city of Sokoto, the historic seat of Islam in the country. Nigeria's military killed two suspected Boko Haram Islamists who were trying to smuggle heavy weapons into the country during a shootout on the border with Chad.
    (AFP, 7/30/12)(AFP, 8/1/12)
2012        Jul 30, Heavy rain pounded North Korea for a 2nd day, submerging buildings, cutting off power, flooding rice paddies and forcing people and their livestock to reach safety on rooftops.
    (AP, 7/30/12)
2012        Jul 30, In the West Bank Nancy Zaboun, a 27-year-old mother of three, had her throat slashed in Bethlehem after seeking a divorce from her abusive husband of 10 years. Zaboun's husband could face life in prison if convicted.
    (AP, 8/1/12)
2012        Jul 30, In the Philippines at least 14 people were killed and millions were left without power as Tropical Storm Saola turned into a typhoon, bringing heavy rains to large parts of the country.
    (AFP, 7/30/12)(AFP, 7/31/12)(AP, 8/1/12)
2012        Jul 30, Puerto Rico’s Gov. Luis Fortuno signed into law an updated penal code increasing prison sentences for homicide, assault and other offenses as the US island territory struggled to contain crime and the widespread perception that violence is out of control.
    (AP, 7/30/12)
2012        Jul 30, Saudi Arabia implemented a ban on smoking in government offices and most public places, including restaurants, coffee shops, supermarkets and shopping malls.
    (AP, 7/30/12)
2012        Jul 30, Syrian government forces mounted new ground attacks against rebel-controlled neighborhoods in Aleppo, but failed to dislodge the opposition from their strongholds. The UN said 200,000 Syrians have fled the embattled city of Aleppo since intense clashes between regime forces and rebels began 10 days ago. The Observatory reported 93 people killed across the country. Khaled al-Ayoubi, Syria's top diplomat in London, said he could no longer represent the regime and defected.
    (AP, 7/30/12)(AFP, 7/31/12)
2012        Jul 30, In Vietnam Dang Thi Kim Lieng, the mother of a prominent blogger, died after setting herself on fire ahead of her daughter's trial for propaganda against the Communist state. Ta Phong Tan (43), a Catholic former policewoman, was arrested in September 2011 and has been held in detention along with two other bloggers.
    (AFP, 7/30/12)
2012        Jul 30, In Vietnam American Karin Joy Bowerman (27) died at a hospital in southern Nha Trang province. Canadian Cathy Huynh (26) died there two days later after developing similar symptoms and suffering a cardiac arrest. Both had stayed at the same guesthouse on Nguyen Thien Thuat street in Nha Trang.
    (AFP, 8/6/12)
2012        Jul 30, Yemeni security services arrested suspected Al-Qaeda leader, Abdulrahman al-Baihani, wanted for plotting "terrorist' attacks in the capital.
    (AFP, 7/31/12)

2012        Jul 31, Timothy Hanretty (55), a former assistant superintendent of Woodside schools, pleaded no contest in San Mateo County, Ca., to misappropriating millions in public money and to billing another school district for remodeling work on his home. On Oct 22 Hanretty was sentenced to two years in prison.
    (SFC, 8/2/12, p.C2)(SFC, 10/23/12, p.C2)
2012        Jul 31, Gore Vidal (b.1925), American author, screenwriter and playwright, died at his home in Hollywood Hills. His 1948 work “The City and the Pillar" explored gay life in America. His 25 novels included “Lincoln" (1984) and “Myra Breckenridge" (1968). In 2015 Jay Parini authored “Empire of Self: A Life of Gore Vidal."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gore_Vidal)(SFC, 8/1/12, p.A10) (Econ, 8/11/12, p.82)(Econ, 8/22/15, p.70)
2012        Jul 31, In eastern Afghanistan insurgents pulled four civilians off a minibus, shot them and left their bodies on the side of the road.
    (AP, 8/1/12)
2012        Jul 31, Australian police seized a record half a ton of methamphetamine and heroin worth up to A$500 million ($525 million) hidden in a shipment of terracotta pots from Thailand. Seven people, including four from Hong Kong, were arrested after a year-long investigation following a tip-off from US authorities.
    (Reuters, 7/31/12)
2012        Jul 31, UN diplomats said CongoDRC government forces have abandoned villages to rebel M23 forces in the east after running out of ammunition, amid mounting concern over the new conflict.
    (AFP, 7/31/12)
2012        Jul 31, The French Parliament approved legislation making sexual harassment a crime.
    (SFC, 8/1/12, p.A2)
2012        Jul 31, In India a massive power failure hit the country for the second day running as three regional power grids collapsed, blacking out more than half the country in a crisis affecting over 600 million people.
    (AFP, 7/31/12)
2012        Jul 31, In Iraq twin car bombs in Baghdad targeted the security headquarters killing 21 people, while another attack west of the capital left two people dead.
    (AFP, 7/31/12)(AFP, 8/1/12)(SFC, 8/14/12, p.A2)
2012        Jul 31, Israel's defense minister Ehud Barak instructed the military to start drafting ultra-Orthodox Jewish men as it does other Israelis, setting up a potential clash over an issue that has divided the country for decades. 60,000 ultra-Orthodox men of military age do not serve today. Only 1,300 ultra-Orthodox agreed to be drafted this year.
    (AP, 7/31/12)
2012        Jul 31, The Japanese operator of the nuclear power plant devastated in last year's disasters received a 1 trillion yen ($12.8 billion) bailout, putting it under government ownership, while international experts visited another plant that survived the tsunami's impact.
    (AP, 7/31/12)
2012        Jul 31, Several areas across Lebanon, including parts of the capital Beirut, witnessed power cuts as the national electricity company warned of a nationwide blackout following a strike by its employees.
    (AFP, 7/31/12)
2012        Jul 31, Malawi vowed to press on with oil and gas exploration on Lake Malawi, dismissing a demand by Tanzania, which claims half of the lake, to halt prospecting. Mozambique also owns part of the lake.
    (AFP, 7/31/12)
2012        Jul 31, Mexican prosecutors formally lodged drug charges against four high-ranking army officers.
    (SFC, 8/1/12, p.A2)
2012        Jul 31, In central Morocco a collision between a bus and a lorry killed at least 12 people and left one critically injured.
    (AFP, 8/1/12)
2012        Jul 31, Pakistan signed a deal with the United States allowing NATO convoys to travel into Afghanistan until the end of 2015, seeking to draw a line under a 7-month border blockade.
    (AFP, 7/31/12)
2012        Jul 31, In Poland US Republican presidential contender Mitt Romney said Poland's economy is a model of small government and free enterprise that other nations should emulate as they struggle with recession. This was his final stop on a three-nation tour designed to boost his foreign policy resume with voters back home.
    (AP, 7/31/12)
2012        Jul 31, Russian authorities charged Alexei Navalny (36), an anti-corruption crusader and critic of Pres. Putin, of organizing a scheme to steal assets from a state timber company totaling about half a million dollars.
    (SFC, 8/1/12, p.A5)
2012        Jul 31, Russian internet entrepreneur Yuri Milner announced that he will give $3 million each year to the most influential thinker in fundamental physics.
    (Econ, 8/4/12, p.70)
2012        Jul 31, In Somalia gunmen in Mogadishu shot dead Abdi Jeylani Malaq Marshale, a well-known comedian known for poking fun at Al-Qaeda linked Shebab insurgents.
    (AFP, 8/2/12)
2012        Jul 31, In Sudan at least eight people died as police and anti-regime protesters clashed in the South Darfur state capital Nyala.
    (AFP, 8/1/12)
2012        Jul 31, Syrian rebels attacked key military targets and overran two police stations in Aleppo, killing 40 officers, as fighting there stretched into its 11th day. In the southern province of Daraa, regime troops shelled a camp for displaced persons as the towns of Tafas and Al-Ghariyeh also came under shelling, leaving an unknown number of casualties.
    (AFP, 7/31/12)(AP, 7/31/12)
2012        Jul 31, Venezuela was officially welcomed into the Mercosur trade bloc as Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff hosted Argentina's President Cristina Fernandez and Uruguay's Jose Mujica along with Chavez for the one-day Mercosur meeting in Brasilia.
    (AP, 7/21/12)
2012        Jul 31, In Yemen a firefight erupted between Yemeni security forces and gunmen, dressed in police uniforms, who had been surrounding the headquarters of the interior ministry. The gunmen, who were previously working unofficially in Yemen's police department, had been surrounding the ministry's headquarters in Al-Hasaba district of Sanaa since July 29, demanding that they be enrolled back into the impoverished country's police force. The clashes that left at least 15 people killed and 43 wounded.
    (AFP, 7/31/12)(AP, 7/31/12)

2012        Jul, This July was the hottest month in the lower 48 US states since the government began keeping records in 1895.
    (SFC, 8/9/12, p.A5)
2012        Jul, Researchers of the Schmidt Ocean Institute, a US-based oceanographic institute, discovered the S.S. Terra Nova using echo sounders off the southern coast of Greenland, where the ship sank in 1943 after being damaged by ice. It had gained fame by taking the explorer Robert Scott and a crew to the Antarctic in 1910 in an effort to become the first to reach the South Pole.
    (AP, 8/18/12)
2012        Jul, A team led by entrepreneur Russ Georg scattered some 100 tons of iron dust in the Pacific several hundred miles west of the islands of Haida Gwai in northern British Columbia in a $2.5 million project to aid in the recovery of the salmon fishery for the native Haida people. Canadian environmental officials launched an investigation as marine scientists called the project shoddy science and probably in violation of int’l. agreements intended to prevent tampering with ocean ecosystems.
    (SFC, 10/19/12, p.A6)
2012        Jul, Republic of Congo’s President Denis Sassou-Nguesso approved limits on the sale and consumption of tobacco. The government decided to announce the decision on World No Tobacco Day, May 31, 2013.
    (AP, 5/31/13)
2012        Jul, Ocean freight service between Miami and Havana was launched by International Port Corp. to significant fanfare. By April, 2013, the service ground to a halt over numerous technical and financial problems.
    (AP, 4/8/13)
2012        Jul, In Dubai British tourists Suneet Jeerh, Grant Cameron and Karl Williams were arrested for what police said was the synthetic drug known as Spice found in their rented car.
    (AP, 4/29/13)(Reuters, 7/20/13)
2012        Jul, In Mauritania Aaron Yoon, from London in the Canadian province of Ontario, was sentenced a Nouakchott criminal court to two years in prison and ordered to pay a fine of 5 million ouguiyas ($18,000). Yoon was arrested in late December 2011 as he prepared to join Islamist fighters in northern Mali, together with some young Mauritanians. On July 14, 2013, a Mauritanian appeals court reduced his sentence to 1½ years, meaning he had technically finished serving his sentence.
    (Reuters, 4/9/13)(AP, 7/15/13)
2012        Jul, In Paraguay Pres. Federico Franco won passage of a bill to institute the country’s first ever income tax.
    (http://bigstory.ap.org/article/paraguays-new-president-proving-effective)    (Economist, 10/6/12, p.42)
2012        Jul, In Russia’s Republic of Tatarstan assassins shot dead  Islamic leader Valiulla Yakupov and nearly killed the chief mufti, Ildus Faizov, with a car bomb. Over half of the republic’s people are Sunni Muslims.
    (Economist, 9/1/12, p.55)
2012        Jul, Slovenia’s government bailed out the country’s  leading bank to the tune of some $478 million.
    (Economist, 9/22/12, p.63)
2012        Jul, In Venezuela Brazilian gold miners reportedly arrived by helicopter and massacred a village of Yanomani Indians along the upper reaches of the Ocamo River. Most of the 80 people in Irotatheri village were allegedly killed. On Sep 1 officials said Investigators were unable to find any evidence of a massacre.
    (SFC, 8/31/12, p.A3)(AP, 9/2/12)

2012        Aug 1, It was reported that President Barack Obama has signed a secret order authorizing US support for rebels seeking to depose Syrian President Bashar al-Assad and his government.
    (Reuters, 8/1/12)
2012        Aug 1, A US federal appeals court blocked an Arizona law that would set the nation’s tightest restrictions on midterm abortions banning them at 20 weeks except in medical emergencies.
    (SFC, 8/2/12, p.A6)
2012        Aug 1, Knight Capital, an American equity broker, started to use a new software program to execute trades. Within an hour the program caused turmoil in the market sending errant buy-and-sell orders that cost the company $440 million.
    (Econ, 8/11/12, p.10, 65)
2012        Aug 1, A court in London jailed identical twin brothers for three years after they admitted a charge of fundraising for acts of terrorism abroad. Mohammed Shabir Ali and Mohammed Shafiq Ali (25) were part of a "network of support" for their older brother while he was at a terrorist training camp in Somalia.
    (AFP, 8/1/12)
2012        Aug 1, Eight badminton players were dramatically disqualified from Olympic competition after a scandal over "throwing" matches left the sport in uproar. Four pairs in the women's doubles competition, one from China, one from Indonesia and two from South Korea, were barred after being hit by disciplinary charges.
    (AFP, 8/1/12)
2012        Aug 1, In Chile McDonald's, Burger King, KFC and other fast-food companies were accused in Chile of violating the country's new law against including toys with children's meals. Sen. Guido Gerardi filed a formal complaint with the health authority accusing those and other companies of knowingly endangering the health of children by marketing kids' meals with toys more than a month after the law took effect June 7.
    (AP, 8/1/12)
2012        Aug 1, It was reported that authorities in China's restive northwestern region of Xinjiang have banned Muslim officials and students from fasting during Ramadan, prompting an exiled rights group to warn of new violence.
    (AFP, 8/1/12)
2012        Aug 1, In northeast China a teenager (17) killed nine people and wounding four others in a knife attack in Liaoning province's Xinbin county. Police nabbed him as he was preparing to jump from a building in an apparent suicide attempt.
    (AFP, 8/2/12)
2012        Aug 1, In Colombia unions and greens held marches across the country demanding stricter environmental safeguards regarding mining.
    (Econ, 8/4/12, p.34)
2012        Aug 1, India overturned its ban on foreign investment from Pakistan in a move designed to build goodwill amid a renewed push for a peace settlement between the nuclear-armed neighbors.
    (AFP, 8/1/12)
2012        Aug 1, Iraqi official figures were released showing July as the deadliest month in Iraq in almost two years, with 325 people killed in attacks, and included the deadliest day since December 2009.
    (AFP, 8/1/12)
2012        Aug 1, Italian oil company Eni SpA said it discovered more natural gas off the coast of Mozambique, expanding the yield of a major field off the southeast African nation that's the company's largest find.
    (AP, 8/1/12)
2012        Aug 1, In Libya an explosion believed to have been caused by a bomb ripped through the military intelligence building in Benghazi at dawn, causing damage to the structure and nearby homes but no injuries. The blast took place hours after gunmen stormed a jail in Benghazi and freed Islamist militant Salem al-Obeidi, the suspected killer of former rebel chief Abdel-Fattah Younis in July, 2011.
    (AP, 8/1/12)
2012        Aug 1, West African bloc ECOWAS pledged support for Mali's interim Pres. Dioncounda Traore, after mediators extended a deadline for the country to form a unity government.
    (AFP, 8/1/12)
2012        Aug 1, Palestinian sources said Ayman al-Shufra, a militant with the armed wing of Gaza's ruling Hamas movement, died in Gaza City after the car he was travelling in exploded.
    (AFP, 8/1/12)
2012        Aug 1, In the Philippines a waste spillage at the Philippines' largest gold threatened to contaminate one of the country's largest rivers. On Aug 3 the government said the spillage at the Padcal mine has been contained.
    (AFP, 8/4/12)
2012        Aug 1, Somali leaders voted overwhelmingly to adopt a new constitution that contains new individual rights and sets the country on a course for a more powerful and representative government. The vote came after two thunderous blasts at the gates of the meeting site from a failed suicide attack. Security forces shot dead two bombers at the gate to the meeting area.
    (AP, 8/1/12)
2012        Aug 1, Spain‘s police arrested three suspected members of al-Qaida (a Russian, a Russian of Chechen descent, and a Turk), who had amassed explosives and may have been plotting attacks in Spain or elsewhere in Europe. Two of them had practiced flying light aircraft.
    (AFP, 8/2/12)
2012        Aug 1, In Sudan Abdelrahman Mohammed Eissa, the head of Al-Waha district in North Darfur state, succumbed to his wounds in hospital after an ambush of his car in Kutum town.
    (AFP, 8/1/12)
2012        Aug 1, In Syria rebels continued battling government forces for a 12th day. The UN mission in Syria said its observers have witnessed government fighter jets opening fire on Aleppo.
    (AP, 8/1/12)
2012        Aug 1, Tanzania called for an amicable resolution to a dispute with Malawi over oil and gas exploration in Lake Malawi.
    (AFP, 8/1/12)
2012        Aug 1, Doctors Without Borders said the first victim of the latest Ebola outbreak in Uganda was a 3-month-old girl and that of the 65 people who attended her funeral, 15 later contracted the deadly disease and at least 11 of those have since died.
    (AP, 8/2/12)
2012        Aug 1, The United Arab Emirates said it has signed and Australia have signed a pact with Australia to work together on the peaceful use of nuclear energy, laying the groundwork for potential shipments of uranium to the Gulf nation.
    (AP, 8/1/12)
2012        Aug 1, Vietnam’s state media said a soldier has been thrown out of the army after posting graphic photographs on Facebook of the torture and killing of 2 rare wild monkeys.
    (AFP, 8/1/12)

2012        Aug 2, US Treasury Department investigators said the Internal Revenue Service may have delivered more than $5 billion in refund checks to identity thieves who filed fraudulent tax returns for 2011. They estimate another $21 billion could make its way to ID thieves' pockets over the next five years.
    (AP, 8/2/12)
2012        Aug 2, In Afghanistan five insurgents linked to the Haqqani network were killed in a pre-dawn gunbattle in an area of Kabul home to Western embassies.
    (AFP, 8/2/12)
2012        Aug 2, In Algeria smugglers were taken by surprise when a border patrol arrived on near Roubane village, less than a kilometer from the Moroccan frontier, and after a brief exchange of fire the gunmen fled. 4 border guards killed in the clash.
    (AFP, 8/4/12)
2012        Aug 2, Argentina's president celebrated the final $2.3 billion payment on a bond given to people whose savings were confiscated a decade ago, calling it a lesson for European countries now mired in foreign debt.
    (AP, 8/3/12)
2012        Aug 2, In Bahrain riot police fired tear gas and stun grenades as hundreds of anti-government protesters attempted to block a key highway.
    (AP, 8/2/12)
2012        Aug 2, Bangladesh said it has ordered three international charities to stop providing aid to Rohingya refugees who cross the border to flee persecution and violence in Myanmar.
    (AFP, 8/2/12)
2012        Aug 2, In Brazil a federal judge ordered Brazilian mining company Vale to suspend its planned expansion of a rail line in northern Brazil because it would endanger the livelihood of the Awa Guaja Indian tribe living in the region.
    (AP, 8/2/12)
2012        Aug 2, A court in London jailed an Ethiopian diplomat for trying to smuggle a large stash of cannabis through London's Heathrow Airport. Amelework Wondemagegne (36), an official at the Ethiopian embassy in Washington, had tried to claim diplomatic immunity when she was caught at the airport in April with 56 kilograms (123 pounds) of cannabis.
    (AFP, 8/2/12)
2012        Aug 2, John Keegan (b.1934), a leading British scholar on battles, died. His books included “The Face of Battle" (1976).
    (SFC, 8/4/12, p.C4)
2012        Aug 2, Chinese state media said courts in the restive Xinjiang region with a large Muslim population have jailed 20 people for up to 15 years for using the Internet to incite separatism and "holy war."
    (AFP, 8/2/12)
2012        Aug 2, A judge in Egypt investigating corruption charges against former Hosni Mubarak premier Ahmed Shafiq ordered Mubarak's two sons detained for allegedly buying land from Shafiq at below market price.
    (AFP, 8/2/12)
2012        Aug 2, It was reported that France planned to offer financial incentives to French fishermen for hunting bull sharks, a threatened shark species, following recent attacks on people off the coast of Reunion.
    (SFC, 8/2/12, p.A4)
2012        Aug 2, Hong Kong choked under the worst smog ever recorded in the city, with residents warned to stay indoors, away from the blanket of toxic haze.
    (AFP, 8/2/12)
2012        Aug 2, In Iraq 3 attacks on separate checkpoints north of Baghdad killed eight people, including four policemen and three anti-Qaeda militiamen. In all 33 people were killed in attacks mainly targeting the security forces.
    (AFP, 8/2/12)(AFP, 8/3/12)
2012        Aug 2, Iraq's Kurdistan region said it will resume oil exports during the first week of August as a confidence-building measure, after stopping them for more than four months following a row with Baghdad. Kurdistan halted oil exports to the federal government on April 1 over $1.5 billion it said is owed to foreign oil companies working in the region, that Baghdad has allegedly withheld.
    (AFP, 8/2/12)
2012        Aug 2, Syrian opposition activists say regime forces have swept through neighborhoods south of the capital Damascus in a deadly military operation that has inflicted casualties. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said more than 179 people were killed today.
    (AP, 8/2/12)(AFP, 8/3/12)
2012        Aug 2, Kofi Annan, the UN-Arab League envoy to Syria, resigned citing divisions within the Security Council preventing a united approach to stop the fighting.
    (AP, 8/3/12)
2012        Aug 2, Turkish warplanes and attack helicopters are pounding Kurdish rebel positions in a major clash in a rugged area near Turkey's borders with Iraq and Iran. Turkish troops and Kurdish rebels have been clashing in the area for about two weeks.
    (AP, 8/2/12)
2012        Aug 2, In Yemen al-Qaida gunmen shot dead four soldiers in Jaar, one of the militants' former southern strongholds.
    (AP, 8/2/12)

2012        Aug 3, Ex-Alabama Gov. Don Siegelman (66), convicted in 2006, was sentenced to 6½ years in prison for bribery and other convictions.
    (SFC, 8/4/12, p.A5)
2012        Aug 3, In southern California Darren Burley (29) was arrested following a confrontation with police in Compton. Burley was zapped with a stun gun and handcuffed by officers after he allegedly tried to choke a pregnant woman. He died 12 days later. In December 2014, Long Beach jurors found deputies liable for negligence and battery and awarded Burley’s family $8 million.
    (http://tinyurl.com/n7qbd6g)(SFC, 1/2/15, p.A5)
2012        Aug 3, In Afghanistan a remote-controlled bomb in a busy market killed two policemen and one civilian in the country's northwest. Officials looked for a member of a government-backed village defense force suspected of killing 11 civilians at a house in Uruzgan province.
    (AP, 8/3/12)(AP, 8/4/12)
2012        Aug 3, In Australia Tasmania Zoo owner Dick Warren said 9 birds, including an endangered swift parrot, had their heads smashed in or ripped off and more than 60 animals were missing after vandals went on the rampage.
    (AFP, 8/4/12)
2012        Aug 3, Britain’s Foreign Secretary William Hague pledged greater support for Syria's rebel fighters, as the battle for the country's commercial capital Aleppo intensified.
    (AFP, 8/3/12)
2012        Aug 3, Britain's GlaxoSmithKline PLC said it has completed its $3.6 billion acquisition of US biotech company Human Genome Sciences for 14.25 per share.
    (AP, 8/3/12)
2012        Aug 3, Britain's oldest shipping firm, Stephenson Clarke Shipping Ltd, appointed liquidator Tait Walker, after nearly 300 years of trading, becoming a casualty of the worsening global downturn.
    (Reuters, 8/9/12)
2012        Aug 3, Fiji’s former PM Laisenia Qarase (71) was sentenced to one year in prison on corruption charges. Qarase was ousted in a 2006 coup.
    (SFC, 8/4/12, p.A2)
2012        Aug 3, In Guyana police found 57 pounds of cocaine about to be loaded onto a flight to NYC. Officials the next day said they will fire almost a dozen baggage handlers and ramp attendants complicit in the operation.
    (SSFC, 8/5/12, p.A7)
2012        Aug 3, In India torrential rains hit the state of Himachal Pradesh, drowning a man in his vehicle, washing away several bridges and partly destroying a key highway.
    (AFP, 8/5/12)
2012        Aug 3, In Iraq a roadside bomb killed four soldiers at an army patrol east of Dhuluiyah.
    (AFP, 8/3/12)
2012        Aug 3, In Japan thousands of people staged a rally in front of the prime minister's office, maintaining anti-nuclear sentiment triggered by last year's atomic crisis at Fukushima.
    (AFP, 8/3/12)
2012        Aug 3, In Kenya a grenade attack killed one person in a Somali suburb of Nairobi, on the eve of a visit by US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton to the city.
    (AFP, 8/3/12)
2012        Aug 3, Pakistan’s Supreme Court struck down a law recently passed by parliament and aimed at protecting PM Raja Pervaiz Ashraf from being charged with contempt of court.
    (AP, 8/3/12)
2012        Aug 3, Papua New Guinea re-elected Peter O'Neill as the next leader, ending a turbulent period in the nation's politics which at one point saw it with two rival prime ministers. Sir Michael Somare (76) accepted the defeat of his party in the vote and agreed to support O'Neill in his bid to form the next government.
    (AFP, 8/3/12)
2012        Aug 3, Typhoon Saola, which battered Manila and the north for several days, blew away leaving at least 53 people dead.
    (AP, 8/7/12)
2012        Aug 3, A Swazi court ordered the government to reinstate more than 300 teachers fired after taking part in a five-week strike over salaries, saying their action was legal.
    (AFP, 8/3/12)
2012        Aug 3, In Syria mortars rained down on a crowded marketplace in the Palestinian Yarmouk refugee camp Damascus, killing 21 people as regime forces and rebels clashed on the southern outskirts. Senior Syrian officials pleaded with Moscow for financial loans and supplies of oil products, an indication that international sanctions are squeezing Assad's regime.
    (AP, 8/3/12)(AP, 8/4/12)
2012        Aug 3, The UN General Assembly denounced Syria’s crackdown on dissent voting 133 in favor, 12 against and 31 abstaining. UN Security Council resolutions have been stopped by Russian and Chinese vetoes.
    (SFC, 8/4/12, p.A3)
2012        Aug 3, In Yemen explosions in two marketplaces in different parts of the country killed six people.
    (AP, 8/3/12)

2012        Aug 4, In Ohio John Wise (67) shot and killed his wife of 45 years in her hospital bed. Barbara Wise (65) had suffered three cerebral aneurysms that left her unable to speak. Mercy killing was not a legal defense option in Ohio. On Nov 8, 2013, John Wise was convicted of murder. On Dec 13 Wise was sentenced to six years in prison.
    (SFC, 11/4/13, p.A5)(SFC, 11/9/13, p.A10)(SFC, 12/14/13, p.A6)
2012        Aug 4, The Afghan parliament voted to dismiss the country's defense and interior ministers, a move that threatens to throw the country's security apparatus into confusion as foreign forces withdraw. Two New Zealand soldiers were killed and six wounded in a battle in Bamiyan province.
    (AP, 8/4/12)(AFP, 8/5/12)
2012        Aug 4, Minor Bollywood actress Sherlyn Chopra (28), the first Indian woman to pose naked for Playboy magazine, said she is proud to have "pushed the envelope" in a country where public nudity in any form remains largely taboo.
    (AFP, 8/5/12)
2012        Aug 4, In India flash floods in the northern state of Uttarakhand killed at least 34 people and left hundreds of Hindu pilgrims stranded.
    (AFP, 8/5/12)
2012        Aug 4, Several thousand Israelis demonstrated their discontent at government austerity measures and the lack of universal military service in two separate protests in Tel Aviv.
    (AFP, 8/4/12)
2012        Aug 4, In Libya a gunbattle over market space and a car explosion rocked the center of Tripoli.
    (AFP, 8/6/12)
2012        Aug 4, In Mauritania a 10-party opposition bloc signed a charter rejecting any solution to the country's political crisis that does not involve the departure of Pres. Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz.
    (AFP, 8/4/12)
2012        Aug 4, Off the coast of Nigeria gunmen attacked a barge belonging to oil services company Sea Trucks Group, kidnapping four foreigners and killing two Nigerian sailors. The 4 foreign oil workers were released on Aug 22.
    (AFP, 8/4/12)(AFP, 8/23/12)
2012        Aug 4, North Korean state news said floods which hit parts of North Korea in recent weeks killed 169 people and left 400 missing, sharply updating earlier casualty figures. Over 200,000 people reportedly lost their homes.
    (AFP, 8/4/12)(Econ, 8/11/12, p.33)
2012        Aug 4, Pakistan reopened the Torkham crossing, having signed a deal with the United States on July 31 allowing NATO convoys to travel into Afghanistan until the end of 2015.
    (AFP, 8/6/12)
2012        Aug 4, A Saudi policeman and an armed protester were killed in overnight clashes in the kingdom's Shiite-populated Eastern Province. the attackers were participating in a protest that took place in Qatif late on Friday.
    (AFP, 8/4/12)
2012        Aug 4, Landlocked South Sudan said it has a struck a deal with Sudan over the exportation of oil through Sudan's pipelines. In a statement South Sudan's government said that it will pay approximately $9.48 a barrel to transport its fuel through Sudan's pipelines.
    (AP, 8/4/12)
2012        Aug 4, In Syria heavy explosions shook Damascus and helicopters circled overhead as rebels appeared to be renewing their offensive in the city. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said Syrian television presenter Mohammed al-Saeed, kidnapped from his Damascus home on July 19, has been executed. Violence nationwide reportedly killed 205 people, 115 civilians, 38 rebel fighters and 52 soldiers.
    (AP, 8/4/12)(AFP, 8/4/12)(AFP, 8/5/12)
2012        Aug 4, In Syria gunmen snatched a bus filled with 48 Iranian pilgrims from a Damascus suburb as they headed to visit a shrine holy to Shiites.
    (AP, 8/4/12)
2012        Aug 4, Turkish officials said the military has retired all 40 generals on trial on charges of plotting to overthrow the Muslim-led government.
    (SSFC, 8/5/12, p.A7)
2012        Aug 4, Turkey reported the defection of another Syrian general, along with five colonels, who came over the border with a group of refugees.
    (AP, 8/4/12)
2012        Aug 4, In south Yemen a suspected Al-Qaeda suicide bombing in Jaar left 45 people dead. A suspected US drone strike in the east late in the day and killed five Al-Qaeda militants.
    (AFP, 8/5/12)
2012        Aug 4, In southern Zambia coal miners killed a Chinese mine manager and injured his colleague in a riot over wages at the Collum Coal mine in Sinazongwe known for tensions with the Chinese investor.
    (AFP, 8/5/12)

2012        Aug 5, The LA Times reported that internal documents from the Boy Scouts of America reveal more than 125 cases in which men suspected of molestation allegedly continued to abuse Scouts, despite a blacklist meant to protect boys from sexual predators.
    (AP, 8/5/12)
2012        Aug 5, A gunman opened fire in a Sikh temple in Oak Creek, Wis., and killed six people. He was identified as Army veteran Wade Michael Page (40). Page, a self-described member of the “Hammerskins Nation" of skinheads, died after shooting himself in the head during an exchange of gunfire with a wounded police officer outside the temple.
    (AFP, 8/6/12)(SFC, 8/7/12, p.A4)(SFC, 8/9/12, p.A12)
2012        Aug 5, In Afghanistan NATO forces killed Sher Mohammad Hakimi, a leader of the Haqqani insurgent group, in an airstrike in Logar province.
    (AP, 8/6/12)
2012        Aug 5, Some 500,000 Angolans flocked to the Catholic shrine of Muxima in the southern African country's largest pilgrimage.
    (AFP, 8/6/12)
2012        Aug 5, China’s Xinhua news reported that authorities have detained nearly 2,000 people in recent weeks as part of nationwide crackdown on the sale of counterfeit drugs.
    (SFC, 8/6/12, p.A2)
2012        Aug 5, In Egypt some 35 suspected Islamists attacked a checkpoint in the Sinai Peninsula near Rafah, killing 16 soldiers before stealing two of their vehicles and bursting through a security fence into Israel. 8 militants were killed by Israeli forces who struck from the air, as well as with tanks and artillery.
    (AP, 8/6/12)(AP, 8/8/12)
2012        Aug 5, Iran appealed for help from governments with ties to the Syrian opposition in securing the release of 48 of its nationals seized from a bus in Damascus. Rebel captors charged that their hostages were Revolutionary Guards.
    (AFP, 8/5/12)
2012        Aug 5, Iranian state television broadcast purported confessions by more than a dozen suspects in connection with the killing of five nuclear scientists since 2010.
    (AP, 8/6/12)
2012        Aug 5, In Ivory Coast gunmen killed five soldiers in twin attacks on a police station and an army post in Abidjan's Yopougon district.
    (AFP, 8/6/12)
2012        Aug 5, In Libya three men suspected of planning bomb attacks were killed in a sting operation outside the capital. Armed assailants laid siege to a residence of Red Cross staff in the western Libyan city of Misrata, causing major damage to the building.
    (AFP, 8/6/12)
2012        Aug 5, In Malaysia a three-year-old girl suffocated in a suspected exorcism ritual. A court on Aug 17 charged seven family members, including the parents, over her death.
    (AFP, 8/17/12)
2012        Aug 5, In Mali radio presenter Abdoul Malick Maiga was badly beaten by Islamists occupying the northern town of Gao after he reported on a protest in which they were stopped from cutting off a thief's hand.
    (AFP, 8/6/12)
2012        Aug 5, Mexican singer Chavela Vargas (b.1919) died in Cuernavaca. She defied gender stereotypes to become one of the most legendary singers in Mexico.
    (AP, 8/5/12)
2012        Aug 5, In Myanmar renewed violence between Buddhists and Muslim Rohingya left 3 people dead, amid growing international concern about the sectarian unrest. The fighting in western Rakhine state has killed 80 people from both sides since June.
    (AFP, 8/6/12)
2012        Aug 5, In northeastern Nigeria a suicide bomber rammed his car into a military patrol in the city of Damaturu, killing at least 6 soldiers.
    (AFP, 8/5/12)
2012        Aug 5, In Pakistan a suspected militant killed himself, two children and a woman on the outskirts of Quetta when a bomb in the car he was driving exploded before he reached his intended target.
    (AFP, 8/5/12)
2012        Aug 5, A Palestinian man was killed and another wounded in an Israeli drone strike on Rafah in the Gaza Strip. The Israeli army confirmed the strike, naming the wounded man as Ahmed Said Ismail, who "was among those responsible for the execution of the terror attack adjacent to the Israel-Egypt border, in which an Israeli civilian was killed, on June 18, 2012."
    (AFP, 8/5/12)
2012        Aug 5, A key meeting of Non-Aligned Movement ministers which was to have taken place in the West Bank was cancelled after Israel denied five of them entry. Foreign ministers from the 13 countries belonging to NAM's Palestine Committee were to have signed the so-called "Ramallah Declaration" in support of a Palestinian bid to upgrade their UN status from observer to non-member state.
    (AFP, 8/5/12)
2012        Aug 5, Sudan’s state-linked media said 2 Sudanese soldiers were killed when the army moved in to restore order in Darfur’s Kutum town after unrest that followed the killing in an ambush of a local official.
    (AFP, 8/5/12)
2012        Aug 5, The Syrian army pounded rebel positions in second city Aleppo ahead of a threatened ground assault after boasting its capture of the last rebel-held district of the capital. General Muhammed Ahmed Faris, a military aviator who became the first Syrian in space, fled to Turkey. Alawite film director Bassam Mohieddin (b.1955) was assassinated near his home on the outskirts of Damascus.
    (AFP, 8/5/12)(AFP, 8/7/12)
2012        Aug 5, Turkey’s interior minister said security forces have killed as many as 115 Kurdish rebels during a major offensive over the past 2 weeks near the southeastern town of Semdinli. Rebels fired on military posts in Hakkari on the Iraq border triggering clashes that left dead 22 rebels, soldiers and village guards.
    (AFP, 8/5/12)(SFC, 8/6/12, p.A2)
2012        Aug 5, Communist Vietnam’s first gay pride parade took place in the capital Hanoi with dozens of cyclists displaying balloons and rainbow flags streaming through the city's streets.
    (AFP, 8/5/12)

2012        Aug 6, In the San Francisco Bay Area a series of explosions and fires tore through a Chevron’s Richmond refinery.
    (SFC, 8/7/12, p.A1)
2012        Aug 6, A US Navy draft report acknowledged that the SF Bay’s Treasure Island was used as a repair and salvage operation during the Cold War for ships that may have been exposed to nuclear testing in the Pacific. In the 1940’sw a mocked-up training ship, the Pandemonium, was doused with low-level radioactive material, which sailors washed off.
    (SFC, 8/17/12, p.A14)
2012        Aug 6, A mosque in southwest Missouri burned to the ground in the second fire to hit the Islamic center in little more than a month, and investigators in Joplin spent the day combing through the wreckage searching for evidence of arson.
    (AP, 8/6/12)
2012        Aug 6, New York State Department of Financial Services alleged that Standard Chartered PLC schemed with the Iranian government to launder $250 billion from 2001 to 2007.
    (AP, 8/7/12)
2012        Aug 6, NASA's Mars Science Laboratory and Curiosity rover landed successfully on the Red Planet.
    (AFP, 8/6/12)
2012        Aug 6, Thousands of fish were reported dying in the Midwest as the hot, dry summer dries up rivers and causes water temperatures to climb in some spots to nearly 100 degrees. About 40,000 shovelnose sturgeon were killed in Iowa last week as water temperatures reached 97 degrees. Nebraska fishery officials said they've seen thousands of dead sturgeon, catfish, carp, and other species in the Lower Platte River. Illinois biologists said the hot weather has killed tens of thousands of large- and smallmouth bass and channel catfish. Kansas has seen declining water levels that pulled younger, smaller game fish away from the vegetation-rich shore lines and forced them to cluster, making them easier targets for predators. In South Dakota there have been reports of isolated fish kills in its manmade lakes on the Missouri River.
    (AP, 8/6/12)
2012        Aug 6, In Afghanistan a bomb strapped to a donkey by Taliban insurgents killed a district police chief and wounded three others in Charsada, Ghor province.
    (AFP, 8/7/12)
2012        Aug 6, Britain’s Deputy PM Nick Clegg announced that the government has dropped plans to introduce a mainly-elected upper house of parliament, in a serious blow to the ruling coalition.
    (AFP, 8/6/12)
2012        Aug 6, Bernard Lovell (98), founder of Britain’s Jodrell Bank radio telescope, died. Sir Lovell was knighted in 1961.
    (Econ, 8/18/12, p.82)
2012        Aug 6, Cayman Islands Premier McKeeva Bush scrapped a plan to impose a direct tax on expatriates working in the British territory, which owes much of its prosperity to its famed role as a no-tax financial center.
    (AP, 8/7/12)
2012        Aug 6, German police removed anti-capitalist protesters from an Occupy Frankfurt camp set up almost 10 months ago next to the European Central Bank headquarters.
    (SFC, 8/7/12, p.A2)
2012        Aug 6, Greek police said they have detained some 6,000 people in Athens during weekend roundups on suspicion that they have entered the country illegally and will deport more than 1,600 of them to their home countries. Greece launched an aggressive campaign to try to seal its 200-km (130-mile) northeastern border, as it faced a debilitating financial crisis that has caused a swell in joblessness and a surge in racist attacks against immigrants with dark skin.
    (AP, 8/6/12)(AP, 8/22/12)
2012        Aug 6, The Israeli parliament approved a series of austerity measures presented by Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's government to help rein in the country's growing deficit.
    (AFP, 8/6/12)
2012        Aug 6, In Ivory Coast a raid on the Akouedo army base in Abidjan left 7 soldiers and one attacker dead.
    (AP, 8/6/12)
2012        Aug 6, Jamaica celebrated its 50th anniversary of independence from Britain.
    (SFC, 8/7/12, p.A2)
2012        Aug 6, A Jordanian official and a rebel spokesman said Syria's PM Riad Hijab has defected and fled to neighboring Jordan.
    (AP, 8/6/12)
2012        Aug 6, Kenyan authorities charged Dwight Sagaray, the first secretary of Venezuela's embassy, with the murder of that country's acting ambassador to Kenya. Police believed the killing was motivated by a battle over embassy leadership. Mohamed Ahmed Mohamed Hassan, Sagaray's friend and an alleged co-conspirator, was also charged. Prosecutor Tabitha Ouya said the two suspects strangled Olga Fonseca Gimenez on the night of July 26 to 27.
    (AP, 8/6/12)
2012        Aug 6, Macau police said they have arrested 150 people in raids at casinos and hotels across the Chinese territory following a spate of violence that raised fears of a revival of gang warfare in the world's most lucrative gambling market.
    (AP, 8/6/12)
2012        Aug 6, Mauritanian President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz said he will not resign, despite weeks of protests by the opposition who accuse him of despotism and mismanagement.
    (AFP, 8/6/12)
2012        Aug 6, In New Zealand Mount Tongariro spewed ash and rocks for about 30 minutes after a few weeks of increased seismic activity. It didn't cause any injuries or damage in the sparsely populated central North Island region.
    (AP, 8/7/12)
2012        Aug 6, In central Nigeria gunmen opened fire on an evangelical church during a service, killing at least 19 people in Okene city, Kogi state.
    (AFP, 8/7/12)
2012        Aug 6, In Pakistan gunmen killed a truck driver in the Jamrud area of Khyber district over suspicions that he was transporting supplies for NATO troops in Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 8/6/12)
2012        Aug 6, In the southern Philippines a breakaway group of Muslim rebels used chainsaws to launch simultaneous attacks across 11 towns, leaving at least three dead.
    (AFP, 8/6/12)
2012        Aug 6, Russia launched an unmanned Proton-M rocked carrying Russian and Indonesian communications satellites. A secondary booster module failed shortly after launch from Kazakhstan.
    (SFC, 8/8/12, p.A2)
2012        Aug 6, In Syria a bomb ripped through the third floor of the state TV building in Damascus. At least three people were wounded in the bomb attack targeting the building which also houses the country's state radio. Rebels claimed that three of 48 Iranian captives were killed during shelling by government forces in Damascus and its suburbs.
    (AP, 8/6/12)(AP, 8/7/12)
2012        Aug 6, In southeastern Turkey an overnight blast interrupted oil flow from Iraq. Kurdish rebels were suspected to be behind the explosions. The blast hit the Kirkuk-Ceyhan pipeline in Mardin province close to the border with Syria. Repairs were expected to take up to 10 days. The oil flow was reported restored on August 28.
    (AFP, 8/6/12)(AFP, 8/28/12)
2012        Aug 6, In Uganda leaders from 11 countries forming the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region gathered in Kampala to discuss a new plan calling for a neutral international force to deploy in eastern Congo to get rid of all the fighters.
    (AP, 8/5/12)
2012        Aug 6, Yemen's Pres. Abed Rabbo Mansour Hadi issued a decree stripping the ex-president's son of part of his military command, a measure seen as a step toward reforming the armed forces. Two drones targeted Al-Qaeda positions near Rada, in Bayda province.
    (AP, 8/6/12)(AFP, 8/6/12)

2012        Aug 7, The US Dept. of Justice reached a $60 million settlement with Pfizer for violating the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA). This covered similar offences by Wyeth, which was acquired by Pfizer in 2009.
    (Econ, 8/11/12, p.58)
2012        Aug 7, In Arizona Jared Lee Loughner pleaded guilty to 19 of 49 charges related to the Jan 8, 2011, shootings that killed 6 people and wounded then Rep. Gabrielle Giffords and 12 others. The government agreed not to seek the death penalty in the plea deal.
    (SFC, 8/8/12, p.A4)
2012        Aug 7, In Louisiana police found the body of Michaela "Mickey" Shunick. She had been last seen riding her bicycle from a friend's house early May 19, days before her 22nd birthday. Eight days later, the bike was found partially submerged in a swampy area under a highway bridge. Brandon Lavergne (33), a registered sex offender, has been charged with first-degree murder and aggravated kidnapping in Shunick's death.
    (Huffington, 8/10/12)
2012        Aug 7, In North Carolina Academi LLC, formerly knows as Blackwater, agreed to pay $7.5 million to settle federal crime charges related to arms smuggling and other crimes.
    (SFC, 8/8/12, p.A4)
2012        Aug 7, In Texas Marvin Wilson (54), convicted of killing a police informant, was executed after the US Supreme Court rejected arguments that he was too mentally impaired to qualify for the death penalty. Wilson was convicted of murdering Jerry Williams (21) in November 1992, several days after police seized 24 grams of cocaine from Wilson's apartment and arrested him.
    (AP, 8/7/12)
2012        Aug 7, DreamWorks Animation said it plans to build a $3.2 billion "entertainment zone" in Shanghai, as the US film giant seeks to bolster its presence in the booming Chinese market.
    (AFP, 8/7/12)
2012        Aug 7, Shares in Standard Chartered PLC dropped 22% sharply as investors reacted to US charges that the bank was involved in laundering money for Iran.
    (AP, 8/7/12)(Econ, 8/18/12, p.64)
2012        Aug 7, Judith Crist (b.1922), American film critic, died at her home in Manhattan.
    (SFC, 8/8/12, p.C4)
2012        Aug 7, In Afghanistan an American soldier was killed when two individuals wearing Afghan National Army uniforms turned their weapons against ISAF service members in Paktia province. 9 civilians were killed in a roadside bomb explosion on the outskirts of Kabul. A suicide truck bomb attack was launched against a NATO base south of the capital. A French soldier and around 10 Taliban fighters were killed in an early morning ambush and subsequent firefight during a joint operation with the Afghan army in Kapisa province near Kabul.
    (AFP, 8/7/12)(AFP, 8/10/12)
2012        Aug 7, Bahrain authorities charged 15 policemen with mistreating medics during last year's crackdown on opposition protesters. An independent commission found 3 protesters were shot at close range. Bahrain said in June that 3 police officers would be charged with murder.
    (AP, 8/7/12)
2012        Aug 7, Jessica Harper (50), former security chief of Lloyds Banking Group, pleaded guilty at Southwark Crown Court in London to taking the money from her employers using false invoices over a four-year period from 2007 to 2011 and then laundering the cash.
    (AFP, 8/7/12)
2012        Aug 7, In China Dolkar Kyi (26) immolated herself at Tso monastery in Kanlho prefecture (Gannan in Chinese), Gansu province, after chanting slogans calling for the return of the Dalai Lama.
    (AFP, 8/7/12)
2012        Aug 7, In Egypt gunmen opened fire late this night on three security checkpoints around el-Arish, the capital of North Sinai province. Egypt’s military in response started a joint military-police ground operation in Sinai, backed by warplanes, to "restore stability and regain control" of the Sinai.
    (AP, 8/8/12)
2012        Aug 7, In Italy official government statistics showed that the economy contracted by 0.7 percent in the second quarter compared with the previous three months, shrinking for the fourth quarter in a row.
    (AP, 8/7/12)
2012        Aug 7, Hundreds of tourists evacuated beach resorts along Mexico's Caribbean coast as Hurricane Ernesto headed toward landfall near Mexico's border with Belize. It weakened to a tropical storm while moving over land the next day.
    (AP, 8/8/12)
2012        Aug 7, In Nigeria assailants shot at troops on patrol, sparking an exchange of fire that left two soldiers and two of the gunmen dead in Okene city.
    (AFP, 8/8/12)
2012        Aug 7, In the Philippines relentless rains submerged half of Manila, triggered a landslide that killed 8 people and sent emergency crews scrambling to rescue and evacuate tens of thousands of residents.
    (AP, 8/7/12)
2012        Aug 7, Russia began hosting a 3-day meeting of the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation forum (APEC) on Russky Island, just off the coast of Vladivostok. A 3,100 meter cable bridge to the island was the longest cable bridge in the world.
    (Economist, 9/8/12, p.52)
2012        Aug 7, In Senegal at least 23 people were killed in a collision between a bus and a truck near the town of Kaffrine.
    (AFP, 8/7/12)
2012        Aug 7, The Competition Tribunal of South Africa fined Telkom, the one-time monopoly state telephone company, with a $54.8 million fine over unfair competition.
    (AP, 8/7/12)
2012        Aug 7, South African officials recorded snowfall across every South African province except Limpopo. South African Weather Service records show it has snowed in Johannesburg on only 22 other days in the last 103 years. The last snow fell there in June 2007.
    (AP, 8/7/12)
2012        Aug 7, In Syria total of 225 people, mostly civilians, were reported killed. A Turkish government official said 1,328 Syrian refugees had crossed the border by midmorning, nearly double the number of refugees who reached Turkey a day earlier.
    (AFP, 8/8/12)(AP, 8/7/12)
2012        Aug 7, A Turkish government official said 1,328 Syrian refugees had crossed the border by midmorning, nearly double the number of refugees who reached Turkey a day earlier.
    (AP, 8/7/12)

2012        Aug 8, In eastern Afghanistan two suicide attackers hit a NATO patrol, killing 3 American coalition service members and USAID foreign service officer Ragaei Abdelfattah. Afghan officials added that a civilian was also killed in the bombing in Kunar province.
    (AP, 8/8/12)(AP, 8/10/12)
2012        Aug 8, Belarus ordered Sweden to close its embassy in Minsk by the end of the month, a move that comes only days after Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko's regime forced the Swedish ambassador out of the country.
    (AP, 8/8/12)
2012        Aug 8, Britain arrested Spaniard Kemen Uranga Artola (43) in London suspected of being a member of the Basque separatist group ETA. Media reports said Uranga is suspected of the murder of a judge, Jose Maria Lidon, who was killed by an ETA group in 2001.
    (Reuters, 8/8/12)
2012        Aug 8, A spokeswoman for London’s Olympics organizers (LOCOG) confirmed that 7 competitors from Cameroon have gone missing at the London Olympics and British police have been informed.
    (AFP, 8/8/12)
2012        Aug 8, Chilean police used water cannons and tear gas to break up a demonstration in Santiago by thousands of students demanding free education.
    (SFC, 8/9/12, p.A2)
2012        Aug 8, In eastern China Typhoon Haikui slammed into in Zhejiang province south of Shanghai, the country's third in a week, killing at least two people and causing more than $1 billion in damage.
    (AFP, 8/8/12)
2012        Aug 8, In CongoDRC 3 elite troops were killed at an airport at Lubumbashi in a night attack blamed on regional separatists. A national intelligence agency source said the attackers were from the same Katangan separatist group that carried out the earlier assault.
    (AFP, 8/8/12)
2012        Aug 8, Egypt's state television reported the military killed 20 militants in unprecedented air strikes. Egypt said the attackers who killed 16 Egyptian soldiers had help from Gaza. In response Egypt closed its border crossing and shut down hundreds of smuggling tunnels. Gazans said the sealing of their territory following a weekend attack by Islamic militants has sent prices soaring and is leaving hundreds of medical patients stranded. President Mohammed Morsi fired his intelligence chief for failing to act on an Israeli warning of an imminent attack days before militants stormed a border post in the Sinai Peninsula.
    (AFP, 8/8/12)(AP, 8/8/12)
2012        Aug 8, In Honduras a new police extortion unit was reported to have received 506 complaints of extortion involving homes, taxis and businesses in Tegucigalpa in the first half of this year.
    (AP, 8/9/12)
2012        Aug 8, India's struggling Kingfisher Airlines was forced to cancel more than 30 flights after pilots and engineers refused to show up for work because of unpaid salaries.
    (AFP, 8/8/12)
2012        Aug 8, In Iraq a car bomb targeting Shiite Muslims in Al-Tanmiyah village and the shooting of a lawyer and his family in Baiji left 21 people dead, after Al-Qaeda warned it would target lawyers and retake territory in a new campaign.
    (AFP, 8/8/12)
2012        Aug 8, Israeli security forces said Hezbollah militants have smuggled explosives into northern Israel using a network of drug dealers on either side of the Lebanese-Israeli border.
    (AP, 8/8/12)
2012        Aug 8, A probe ordered by Ivorian President Alassane Ouattara on the 2010-2011 post-election crisis found that his forces killed over 700 people and those of ex-leader Laurent Gbagbo about twice as many.
    (AFP, 8/8/12)
2012        Aug 8, Libya's first elected assembly took over power from the transitional council that has ruled the country since last year's uprising against longtime dictator Moammar Gadhafi. A timetable called for the new assembly to name a president within a day and then form a government within 30 days of its first session.
    (AP, 8/8/12)
2012        Aug 8, In northern Mali a man's hand was chopped off as punishment for the theft of a motorbike in the village of Ansongo.
    (AP, 8/9/12)
2012        Aug 8, Myanmar authorities warned that it was facing a deepening drug crisis after seizing narcotics including more than 1.4 million amphetamine pills and 116 kilos of heroin in July.
    (AFP, 8/8/12)
2012        Aug 8, Pakistan's Supreme Court ordered PM Raja Pervaiz Ashraf to appear before the panel to explain why he has not followed instructions from its judges to reopen an old corruption case against the president.
    (AP, 8/8/12)
2012        Aug 8, In the Philippines more than one million people in and around Manila battled deadly floods amid relentless monsoon rains, with neck-deep waters trapping slum dwellers and the wealthy on roofs.
    (AFP, 8/8/12)
2012        Aug 8, Russian prosecutors said a reclusive sect in Kazan, Tatarstan, that literally went underground to stop contact with the outside world, kept 27 children in dark and unheated cells, many of them for more than a decade. The children have been freed and the parents charged with child abuse. Child abuse charges were brought against members of the sect and leader Faizrakhman Satarov (83), who declared himself a Muslim prophet in contradiction with the principles of Islam, has also been charged with negligence.
    (AP, 8/8/12)
2012        Aug 8, In South Africa Mziwamadoda Qwabe (27), one of the men accused of killing Swedish honeymooner Anni Dewani, pleaded guilty and was sentenced to 25 years in prison in a plea deal. South Africa was still awaiting the extradition of the victim's British husband Shrien Dewani, who is accused of masterminding the November 2010 killing in a murder set up to look like a botched carjacking. On Aug 15 Xolile Mngeni, named by Qwabe as the gunman, denied charges of murder, kidnapping, robbery and illegal possession of a firearm and ammunition. On Nov 19 Mngeni was convicted of premeditated murder. In October, 2014, Mngeni died in a hospital unit of a Cape Town prison. He had been diagnosed in 2011 with brain cancer.
    (AFP, 8/8/12)(AFP, 8/15/12)(AP, 11/19/12)(AP, 10/19/14)
2012        Aug 8, In South Africa at least two people died and two went missing as heavy snow and rain battered the southeast.
    (AFP, 8/8/12)
2012        Aug 8, Syrian troops launched a broad ground assault on rebel-held areas of Aleppo and activists reported clashes as opposition forces fought back. Turkey's state-run news agency reported that some 2,400 people crossed into Turkey overnight to escape the escalating violence. Residents said Syrian fighter jets launched airstrikes on Tel Rifat, hitting a home and a high school and killing six people from one family. The Observatory said violence across Syria cost the lives of at least 167 people -- 95 civilians, 54 soldiers and 18 rebels.
    (AP, 8/8/12)(AFP, 8/9/12)(AP, 8/9/12)
2012        Aug 8, In Uganda regional leaders ended a meeting on a proposed neutral force for eastern CongoDRC, with no concrete progress but a pledge to meet in a month.
    (AFP, 8/8/12)

2012        Aug 9, The US Postal Service reported losses of $57 million per day in the last quarter and warned it will miss another payment due to the US Treasury. A week earlier it defaulted on a payment for future retiree health benefits.
    (SFC, 8/10/12, p.A5)
2012        Aug 9, In Florida Broward County Sheriff's deputies arrested Michael (46) and Margaret Pollara (70). The mother and son stole more than $2 million in expensive toys by stashing them inside the boxes of cheaper products that they bought at Toys R Us stores across the US, then sold the big-ticket items online.
    (AP, 8/13/12)
2012        Aug 9, A NASA test model planetary lander crashed seconds after liftoff from Kennedy Space Center in Florida.
    (SFC, 8/10/12, p.A5)
2012        Aug 9, Google agreed to pay a record $22.5 million to settle allegations by the US Federal Trade Commission that it breached Apple’s Safari Internet browser, allowing it to secretly track Web surfers using Safari.
    (SFC, 8/10/12, p.D1)
2012        Aug 9, The US for the first time began a $43 million cleanup up dioxin from Agent Orange that was stored at its former Danang military base, now part of Danang's airport.
    (AP, 8/9/12)
2012        Aug 9, An Afghan soldier turned his weapon on NATO allies in Laghman province. No ISAF soldiers were killed as they returned fire, killing the attacker.
    (AFP, 8/9/12)
2012        Aug 9, Cambodian PM Hun Sen said allowing the construction of a spate of border casinos was part of a "secret strategy" to protect the country's territory from its neighbors.
    (AFP, 8/9/12)
2012        Aug 9, In China Gu Kailai, the wife of disgraced politician Bo Xilai, said she lured a British businessman Neil Heywood to a hotel in the southwestern mega-city of Chongqing, where she got him drunk and poisoned him.
    (AP, 8/9/12)
2012        Aug 9, In Egypt a massive power cut hit large parts of Cairo, home to some 18 million people, halting much of its metro service and delaying trading on the stock exchange.
    (AP, 8/9/12)
2012        Aug 9, Guinea’s health ministry said an outbreak of cholera has killed 60 people since February and is showing no signs of letting up.
    (AFP, 8/9/12)
2012        Aug 9, Iran hosted a 29-nation conference on Syria with the aim of stopping bloodshed there and forging a role for Tehran as peace-broker for its beleaguered Arab ally.
    (AFP, 8/9/12)
2012        Aug 9, In Iraq two roadside bombs exploded in a market in Al-Wehda area south of Baghdad, killing two people and wounding 19 others. Gunmen armed with silenced weapons killed a member of the Sahwa anti-Qaeda militia in northern Baghdad.
    (AFP, 8/9/12)
2012        Aug 9, Madagascar's Pres. Andry Rajoelina and ousted leader Marc Ravalomanana left the Seychelles, after failing to strike a deal in talks aimed at ending 3 years of political crisis.
    (AFP, 8/9/12)
2012        Aug 9, Mexico's Supreme Court moved to turn military human rights violations over to civilian courts, a blow to a military justice system accused of covering up cases of soldiers abusing, torturing and executing citizens during a six-year government offensive against drug cartels.
    (AP, 8/10/12)
2012        Aug 9, In northern Mexico police found the bodies of 14 men stuffed into a sport utility vehicle near a gas station in San Luis Potosi city and hours later a shootout between soldiers and gunmen killed three people in the same city. Gunmen hung two men from a bridge in Monterrey and shot them to death while horrified motorists watched. Attackers armed with assault rifles killed seven men drinking at a sports field in Sinaloa state.
    (AP, 8/9/12)
2012        Aug 9, Tropical Storm Ernesto made land fall near Mexico’s port city of Coatzacoalcos, killing 7 people as it moved inland in the southern Gulf region.
    (SFC, 8/10/12, p.A4)(SFC, 8/11/12, p.A2)
2012        Aug 9, Local media said Nepal has banned women under 30 from travelling to Gulf countries to work following reports of widespread sexual abuse and exploitation.
    (AFP, 8/9/12)
2012        Aug 9, In the Philippines officials said troops backed by helicopters have started an offensive on two strongholds of the breakaway Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Movement in southern Maguindanao province.
    (SFC, 8/10/12, p.A2)
2012        Aug 9, In South Africa 9 members of a vigilante group guarding against cattle theft were shot dead in and some 30 were missing after a revenge attack by villagers.
    (AFP, 8/11/12)
2012        Aug 9, Syrian rebels staged what they called a "tactical withdrawal" as regime forces advanced into a key district of Aleppo. Pres. Assad appointed health minister Wael al-Halqi as his new premier following the defection this week of Riad Hijab. At least 191 people killed nationwide -- 107 civilians, 45 rebels and 39 soldiers.
    (AFP, 8/9/12)(AFP, 8/10/12)
2012        Aug 9, Tunisian police fired tear gas and rubber bullets to disperse a protest in the central town of Sidi Bouzid, birthplace of last year's revolution, as hundreds of demonstrators demanded the resignation of the Islamist-led government.
    (AFP, 8/9/12)
2012        Aug 9, In Turkey 2 roadside bombs struck a bus carrying troops to a navy base, killing one soldier and wounding 11 people on the outskirts of the Aegean resort town of Foca.
    (AP, 8/9/12)

2012        Aug 10, The Obama administration set new, largely symbolic, sanctions on Syria's state-run oil company and the Hezbollah militant group, moves designed to underscore Iran's key role in propping up the Syrian regime over the span of its civil war.
    (AP, 8/10/12)
2012        Aug 10, Columnist and TV host Fareed Zakaria apologized for lifting several paragraphs by another writer for use in his column in Time magazine. His column has been suspended for a month.
    (AP, 8/10/12)
2012        Aug 10, A federal jury in San Diego found 2 former Border Patrol agents guilty of smuggling for money hundreds of people into the US.
    (SFC, 8/11/12, p.A4)
2012        Aug 10, US Army Pfc. Naser Jason Abdo, a Muslim, was sentenced to life in federal prison for collecting bomb-making material to carry out an attack on a Texas restaurant full of Fort Hood troops.
    (SFC, 8/11/12, p.A4)
2012        Aug 10, In southern Afghanistan two Afghans, including a policeman, shot and killed six US service members in separate attacks in Helmand province. Elsewhere in Helmand province six Afghan civilians were killed when their car hit a roadside bomb.
    (AP, 8/10/12)(AP, 8/11/12)
2012        Aug 10,  Argentina’s national statistics agency, INDEC, declared that  a family of four should be considered above the poverty level if its monthly food bill exceeded 688 pesos, or about 6 pesos per person per day. A study by the Univ. of Buenos Aires had put the minimum daily budget for a healthy diet at 24 pesos per person.
    (Economist, 9/8/12, p.36)
2012        Aug 10, In northeast Bangladesh at least 13 Muslim worshippers were killed and 15 hurt when lightning struck a mosque in a remote village as they held special Ramadan prayers.
    (AFP, 8/11/12)
2012        Aug 10, Britain's government, meanwhile, said it was offering 5 million pounds (US$7.8 million) to Syria's rebel forces to pay for communications equipment and medical supplies in an effort to bolster ties with the Syrian opposition. World powers were set to name veteran Algerian diplomat Lakhdar Brahimi (78) as their new envoy to seek a peaceful and politically workable end to a 17-month uprising that has cost more than 21,000 lives.
    (AP, 8/10/12)(AFP, 8/10/12)
2012        Aug 10, Manchester United PLC raised some $233 million as its shares sold for $14 on the NYSE. The IPO represented 10% of the Glazer family’s ownership.
    (SFC, 8/11/12, p.D2)
2012        Aug 10, Four Chinese police officers admitted in court to covering up the killing of a British businessman to protect Gu Kailai, the wife of a senior politician charged with his murder. The officers covered up her involvement in Neil Heywood's death by "forging interview scripts and hiding evidence," agreeing to say he died of excessive alcohol consumption.
    (AFP, 8/10/12)
2012        Aug 10, Egyptian troops stormed a house in Sheik Zweid, close to Rafah border crossing with Gaza Strip, and caught 9 Islamic militants while they were asleep. Gunmen attacked a checkpoint in the Sinai Peninsula overnight, causing no casualties, as the army massed troops to quell increasingly deadly Islamist militants.
    (AP, 8/10/12)(AFP, 8/10/12)
2012        Aug 10, In Iraq a bombing against a police patrol in Diyala province killed 3 policemen. In Anbar province city councilman Nabil Shaaker was killed and two of his brothers wounded when gunmen fired on their car.
    (AFP, 8/10/12)
2012        Aug 10, The Italian government announced a shake-up of the judiciary aimed at reducing inefficiency.
    (Econ, 8/18/12, p.50)
2012        Aug 10, In Libya gunmen shot dead army general and high-ranking defense ministry official Mohamed Hadia in the eastern city of Benghazi. He was one of the first officers to defect and join the opposition during last year's revolution that ousted Moamer Kadhafi.
    (AFP, 8/10/12)
2012        Aug 10, Mexican police found eight decomposing bodies inside a car abandoned by a waterpark in Fresnillo, Zacatecas state. 5 gunmen were killed during a clash with federal police in the western state of Michoacan.
    (AP, 8/10/12)
2012        Aug 10, Moroccan government sources said an unspecified number of security officials accused of corruption on its northern coast have been arrested as part of a judicial inquiry ordered by the king.
    (AFP, 8/10/12)
2012        Aug 10, Pakistan's central bank cut its benchmark interest rate from 12 percent to 10.5 percent, effective Aug 13, as it looked to encourage private sector investment.
    (AFP, 8/10/12)
2012        Aug 10, South African protesters calling for better government services shut down a national highway leading into top tourist city Cape Town where they hurled a petrol bomb at police officers, blocked roads and set tires alight.
    (AFP, 8/10/12)
2012        Aug 10, South Korea’s Pres. Lee Myung-bak visited islets, locally called Dokdo, also claimed by Japan, where they are called Takeshima.
    (SFC, 8/11/12, p.A3)
2012        Aug 10, Syrian government forces fought rebels outside Damascus and in Aleppo as more civilians streamed across the border into neighboring Turkey. Rebels operating in the town abducted a pro-government TV crew in al-Tal suburb just north of Damascus. Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said at least six people were killed in heavy shelling on al-Tal. At least 103 people were reported killed nationwide, including 55 civilians,
    (AP, 8/10/12)(AP, 8/11/12)(AFP, 8/11/12)
2012        Aug 10, Zanzibar's Vice President Seif Ali Iddi told the island's parliament the authorities had investigated and confirmed "that 36 crude oil tankers and container ships flying the Tanzania flag are indeed from Iran."
    (AFP, 8/13/12)
2012        Aug 10, The UN said that 25,000 people have been displaced in Sudan's Darfur region after unrest that began 10 days ago with the killing of a government official.
    (AFP, 8/10/12)
2012        Aug 10, In Vietnam a Hanoi court convicted blogger Le Thanh Tung (44) of "propaganda against the state" by over Internet articles for the banned Vietnam Freedom and Democracy Movement.
    (AFP, 8/11/12)
2012        Aug 10, In Yemen a member of Al-Qaeda was killed when he tried to escape from a jail controlled by the Popular Resistance Committees in Zinjibar. Militiamen searching a house in Jaar discovered a bomb-making factory and seized a number of explosives belts. Two soldiers were killed and three others hurt when gunmen ambushed their vehicle in a desert region of the eastern province of Hadramawt.
    (AFP, 8/11/12)

2012        Aug 11, Mitt Romney announced he's selected Rep. Paul Ryan of Wisconsin as his vice presidential running mate.
    (SSFC, 8/12/12, p.A7)
2012        Aug 11, NYC police shot and killed Darrius Kennedy (51). They said he lunged at them with a knife in a confrontation that began in Times Square and drew officers and spectators on a chase that ended with shots fired near one of New York's most crowded tourist areas. Two officers fired 12 rounds hitting him with at least 7 shots.
    (AP, 8/12/12)(SFC, 8/13/12, p.A5)
2012        Aug 11, Wiki-Leaks said it has been the victim of a sustained denial-of-service attack, leaving its website sluggish or inaccessible for over a week.
    (SFC, 8/13/12, p.A2)
2012        Aug 11, In southwestern Afghanistan a member of the Afghan National Police opened fire at his colleagues at a checkpoint in Nimroz province, killing 11 of his fellow policemen before being killed in an ensuing gunbattle. A Taliban attack on a police checkpoint sparked a gunbattle that left two police officers and two Afghan civilians dead in Kandahar province. Security forces arrested 4 Afghans and a Pakistani in Kabul, foiling an insurgent plot.
    (AP, 8/11/12)(AP, 8/12/12)(SFC, 8/13/12, p.A3)(AP, 8/14/12)
2012        Aug 11, In Bosnia Tarik Bijelic (6) was buried. He had been hit by a land mine as he scavenged in the forest for firewood to help his family make ends meet. Under an international treaty, Bosnia was supposed to be free of mines by 2009. It has quietly obtained another decade to clear an estimated 1,300 remaining square km (500 square miles) of mine fields.
    (AP, 8/17/12)
2012        Aug 11, British police investigating the disappearance of Tia Sharp (12) were holding her grandmother, Christine Sharp (46), and two others after a body was found in south London. The girl was said to have gone missing after leaving the house to visit a nearby shopping center on August 3. Stuart Hazell (37), the grandmother's boyfriend, was charged with murder.
    (AFP, 8/11/12)(AFP, 8/12/12)
2012        Aug 11, The International Boxing Association (AIBA) said it has begun legal action after the BBC repeated the previous evening that boxing medals could be bought at London 2012. The BBC had repeated an allegation first made in a Newsnight documentary last September that around $10m had been paid from Azerbaijan to boxing authorities in return for two golds.
    (AFP, 8/11/12)
2012        Aug 11, Egypt's official news agency said Qatar has granted Egypt a $2 billion loan to help the country's flagging economy.
    (AP, 8/11/12)
2012        Aug 11, Gabon's main opposition leader Andre Mba Obame arrived in Libreville after 14 months in France, saying the International Criminal Court would look into a 2009 "massacre" at Port-Gentil.
    (AFP, 8/11/12)
2012        Aug 11, In northern India at least 52 people were killed and 45 injured when a heavily overloaded bus plunged into a gorge near Chamba town in Himachal Pradesh state.
    (AFP, 8/11/12)
2012        Aug 11, In northwest Iran hundreds of villages were flattened by twin earthquakes (magnitude 6.4 and 6.3), leaving 306 dead and 3,037 injured. Around half the 600 villages located in the zone were damaged or destroyed.
    (AFP, 8/12/12)(AFP, 8/13/12)
2012        Aug 11, Italian police raided an underground passageway in Rome, built during the era of Benito Mussolini, and seized a sprawling marijuana farm with a crop valued at an estimated $3.7 million.
    (SFC, 8/15/12, p.A2)
2012        Aug 11, Jubilant Mexicans celebrated their 2-1 Olympic gold medal soccer win over powerhouse Brazil, marking Mexico's first ever Olympic soccer gold medal.
    (AP, 8/11/12)
2012        Aug 11, In Morocco hundreds of activists took to the streets of the main cities to protest against corruption, the high cost of living and other causes of discontent.
    (AFP, 8/11/12)
2012        Aug 11, Syrian forces pounded a suburb of the capital Damascus with mortars and artillery shells, a day after rebels operating in the town abducted a pro-government TV crew. Two Syrian journalists were killed in Damascus. A bus was attacked in a Damascus suburb, killing six passengers traveling from the central province of Hama. 15 civilians were killed in shelling and clashes in the town of Al-Tal. , the Observatory said they were among 148 people killed across Syria -- 85 civilians, 20 rebels and 43 soldiers.
    (AP, 8/11/12)(AP, 8/12/12)(AFP, 8/12/12)
2012        Aug 11, Two women tied the knot in Taiwan's first same-sex Buddhist wedding, a move rights groups hope will help make the island become the first place in Asia to legalize gay marriage.
    (AFP, 8/11/12)

2012        Aug 12, The US Navy USS Porter, a guided-missile destroyer, was left with a gaping hole on one side after it collided with the Japanese-owned, Panamanian-flagged bulk oil tanker M/V Otowasan just outside the strategic Strait of Hormuz.
    (AP, 8/12/12)(AP, 8/13/12)
2012        Aug 12, In Louisiana the Bayou Corne sinkhole opened up. It stretched 325 feet across, guzzled water from adjacent swamps and belched methane from beneath the surface. By late 2013 it had expanded to 25 acres and continued to grow. The Napoleonville salt dome, 700 feet below Bayou Corne, had been used to store propane, butane and natural gas and to make salt water for chemical factories in the area. The collapse of a cavern wall was believed to cause the formation of Bayou Corne.  
    (SSFC, 9/29/13, p.A17)
2012        Aug 12, Joe Kubert, American comic artist and teacher, died in New Jersey. He drew figures in “Sgt. Rock," “The Haunted Tank" and Enemy Ace." In 1976 Kubert and his wife founded the Kubert School, the nation’s only accredited trade school for comic book artists.
    (SFC, 8/16/12, p.C4)
2012        Aug 12, Ruggiero Ricci (b.1918), SF-born violin virtuoso, died at his home in Palm Springs.
    (SFC, 8/13/12, p.C3)
2012        Aug 12, In eastern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed district government chief Faridullah Niazi and three of his bodyguards in Laghman province.
    (AP, 8/12/12)
2012        Aug 12, Bahrain sentenced a 19-year-old man two-years in jail for defaming one of the Prophet Muhammad's wives. The court heard how the unnamed man "posted filthy and depraved comments" on a website that slandered Muhammad's wife Aisha.
    (AP, 8/13/12)
2012        Aug 12, Marathon man Stephen Kiprotich delivered Uganda's second ever Olympics gold medal, celebrating victory in the shadow of Buckingham Palace as the curtain slowly dropped on the 2012 Games. Uganda’s last gold medal came 40 years ago when 400m hurdler John Akii-Bua struck gold at the Munich Games. The closing ceremony was billed as a diverse "Symphony of British Music."
    (AFP, 8/12/12)
2012        Aug 12, Egypt's President Morsi announced a surprise decision to retire the defense minister and chief of staff and seize back the powers the military grabbed from his office. Security forces killed 6 suspected militants during raids on hideouts in two villages in northern Sinai. They seized landmines, an anti-aircraft missile, heavy machine-guns and grenades. Separately 3 policemen were killed and four others injured when their car turned over while chasing a group of criminals in central Sinai.
    (AP, 8/12/12)
2012        Aug 12, In Iraq twin bombings and a shooting in and around Baghdad killed five people, including three Iraqi policemen.
    (AFP, 8/12/12)
2012        Aug 12, In Italy Hundreds of Wind Jet airline passengers became stranded due to the failure of Alitalia's deal to purchase the Sicily-based low-cost carrier.
    (AP, 8/12/12)
2012        Aug 12, In Kenya three Russian-made Mi-24 combat helicopters from Uganda went down in a remote mountainous region. One was found a day later, with all seven servicemen on board rescued. 3 soldiers were later confirmed dead in another crash. 8 surviving Ugandan servicemen were found on Aug 14. The helicopters were flying to Somalia to support African Union troops battling Shebab insurgents linked to Al-Qaeda.
    (AFP, 8/14/12)(AP, 8/15/12)
2012        Aug 12, In Mali up to 60,000 people gathered for a giant peace rally in Bamako. The country was split in two after Islamists wrested control of the vast desert north following a March coup in the capital Bamako.
    (AFP, 8/12/12)
2012        Aug 12, In Mexico gunmen shot dead Matehuala, San Luis Potosi state, Mayor-elect Edgar Morales Perez and aide Francisco Hernandez Colunga as they returned from a birthday party.
    (SFC, 8/13/12, p.A2)
2012        Aug 12, In Nigeria a senior officer said troops killed 20 suspected Boko Haram Islamists in the northeastern city of Maiduguri, an account quickly denied by the militant group. Military commander Victor Ebhaleme said one soldier had been killed and two others injured in the raid. Suspected Islamists attacked a military patrol in the northeastern city of Damaturu.
    (AFP, 8/12/12)
2012        Aug 12, In South Africa violent clashes broke out at the mine run by Lonmin, the world's third largest platinum producer, in a battle for dominance between the leading National Union of Mineworkers (NUM) and the smaller Association of Mineworkers and Construction Union (AMCU). 8 people were killed in the clashes. The next day two police officers, responding to the clashes, were hacked to death. In 2015 South African prosecutors charged 17 miners with murder over the killing of 10 people during a violent wildcat strike at Lonmin's Marikana mine.
    (AFP, 8/14/12)(Reuters, 10/21/15)
2012        Aug 12, In South Africa Bulelani Mabhayi (39) was arrested after an elderly woman was founded hacked to death the night before in the Eastern Cape village of Tholeni. He was being charged with a string of unresolved rapes and murders in the village where 19 women have been slain since 2009.
    (AFP, 8/15/12)
2012        Aug 12, Spain’s regional governments reported 10 wildfires raging across the country, including fires on the Canary islands of La Gomera and Tenerife.
    (AP, 8/12/12)
2012        Aug 12, The Syrian army pressed its assault on rebels in commercial capital Aleppo, while both sides reported atrocities and Arab foreign ministers postponed a planned meeting on the 17-month conflict.
    (AFP, 8/12/12)
2012        Aug 12, UN chief Ban Ki-moon announced an initiative to protect oceans from pollution and over-fishing and to combat rising sea levels which threaten hundreds of millions of the world's people, marking the 30th anniversary of the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea.
    (AFP, 8/12/12)

2012        Aug 13, US Interior Sec. Ken Salazar announced the first comprehensive plan to manage the national petroleum reserve in Alaska, allowing new drilling on half of the nearly 23-million-acre reserve, while putting the rest off limits.
    (SFC, 8/14/12, p.A4)
2012        Aug 13, In Texas Thomas A. Caffall III (35), a man facing eviction, opened fire on police officers and bystanders near the Texas A&M University campus, killing two and wounding four before being shot to death by police. Constable Brian Bachmann was shot dead while trying to serve a court summons.
    (AP, 8/13/12)(SSFC, 8/19/12, p.A12)
2012        Aug 13, Google said it will cut some 4,000 jobs at its Motorola Mobility Holdings unit, which it bought just months ago for some $12.5 billion.
    (SFC, 8/14/12, p.D1)
2012        Aug 13, Helen Gurley Brown (b.1922), former editor in chief Cosmopolitan magazines’ 64 int’l. editions, died in NYC. She authored the bestseller “Sex and the Single Girl" (1962).   
    (SFC, 8/14/12, p.A5)
2012        Aug 13, In Afghanistan a remote-controlled roadside bomb exploded killing 5 people, including provincial peace councilor Mohammad Hashim and Abdul Aziz, the mayor of Ishkamesh district, Takhar province. Insurgent gunmen also attacked the convoy of the same district's police chief and chief administrator, sparking a battle on the road. 2 Taliban gunmen were killed in the fighting and another was captured. An Afghan policeman opened fire on NATO forces and Afghan soldiers in Nangarhar province in the fifth attack reported in a week by Afghan security forces on their international partners. No coalition service members were killed. At least one Afghan intelligence agent was wounded and the shooter escaped.
    (AP, 8/13/12)
2012        Aug 13, Australia's PM Gillard announced a sharp reversal in her government's policy on asylum seekers, saying it will introduce legislation allowing their deportation to the poor Pacific nations of Papua New Guinea and Nauru to face lengthy stays in detention camps.
    (AFP, 8/13/12)
2012        Aug 13, The Olympic flag touched down on Brazilian soil, marking the start of four years of preparations ahead of the 2016 games in Rio de Janeiro.
    (AP, 8/13/12)
2012        Aug 13, British energy group BP said that it has agreed to sell its Carson refinery in California to US peer Tesoro Corporation for $2.5 billion (2.02 billion euros) as part of its ongoing restructuring. BP also said that Eagle Rock Energy Partners is paying $227.5 million in cash for the Sunray and Hemphill gas processing plants in Texas.
    (AFP, 8/13/12)
2012        Aug 13, In far west China a Kirti monk named Lungtok and another man, identified as Tashi, set themselves alight in Sichuan province's Aba prefecture. Police beat a Tibetan man to death during a clash that broke out after the two Tibetans set themselves on fire.
    (AP, 8/14/12)
2012        Aug 13, CongoDRC’s sports ministry said a judoka and three coaches from its Olympic delegation have gone missing after leaving the Athletes' Village at the London Games.
    (AFP, 8/13/12)
2012        Aug 13, In northeast CongoDRC a landslide at a gold mine in remote Pangoyi left at least 60 people dead.
    (AP, 8/16/12)
2012        Aug 13, In northern France months of tension between police and young people exploded in Amiens, with dozens of youths facing off against riot officers in a night of violence. Some 17 officers were injured after more than 200 riot police were stationed to the area.
    (AP, 8/14/12)(AP, 8/15/12)
2012        Aug 13, Germany’s Munich Re, the world's largest reinsurer, said it has acquired three wind parks in Britain as part of a 2.5-billion-euro ($3.0-billion) investment in renewable energies.
    (AFP, 8/13/12)
2012        Aug 13, In Hong Kong HSBC won a legal bid to clear out anti-capitalist protesters from a public space below the bank's Asian headquarters in the southern Chinese financial center. A judge ruled that the activists must leave by 9 p.m. on Aug 27.
    (AP, 8/13/12)
2012        Aug 13, A government spokesman says Iraq has asked French oil giant Total S.A. to choose between working with the self-ruled northern Kurdish region or to quit developing one of the major oil fields in southern Iraq.
    (AP, 8/13/12)
2012        Aug 13, Dutch sailors taking part in NATO's pirate-busting operation Ocean Shield helped rescue the crew of a Somali dhow hijacked by pirates in the Gulf of Aden.
    (AFP, 8/14/12)
2012        Aug 13, In south-eastern Senegal police fired teargas at stone-throwing demonstrators, injuring one person as protests erupted over the death of a deaf-mute youth in police custody.
    (AFP, 8/13/12)
2012        Aug 13, In Spain 2 firefighters died over the last 24 hours from injuries sustained in battling a wildfire in the eastern province of Alicante, while hundreds were evacuated by boat to escape a fire raging on the Canary Island of La Gomera.
    (AP, 8/13/12)
2012        Aug 13, Julius Baer Group, a Swiss private banking group, said it has agreed to pay 860 million francs ($879 million) to buy Bank of America Corp.'s Merrill Lynch wealth management operations outside the United States.
    (AP, 8/13/12)
2012        Aug 13, Syria's top representative at the UN Human Rights Council said he has defected. Activists released a video which they claim shows a government Soviet-made MiG warplane catching fire apparently after it was hit by ground fire over the eastern province of Deir el-Zour. State-run media said the pilot ejected from the warplane after technical failure. Regime forces bombarded rebel strongholds around Damascus and launched a mass raid in the historic heart of the capital. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said 160 people were killed nationwide. Gunmen abducted the correspondent of Iran's Arabic-language TV al-Alam in the central city of Homs.
    (AP, 8/13/12)(AFP, 8/13/12)(AP, 8/14/12)
2012        Aug 13, A Syrian rebel group kidnapped Hassan al-Muqdad, accusing him of being a sniper and a member of Lebanese Shiite militia Hezbollah.  American freelance journalist Austin Tice (31), a former US Marine,     disappeared in Syria.
    (AFP, 8/15/12)(AP, 11/12/12)
2012        Aug 13, Abdallah Kombo, the director of the Zanzibar Maritime Authority (ZMA), said it was "cheated" by its Dubai-based agent Philtex Corporation, which is alleged to have reflagged the Iranian vessels. Maritime Transport Minister Rashid Suleiman Seif said The government in Zanzibar, a semi-autonomous part of Tanzania, will deregister Iranian oil tankers flying its flag to dodge sanctions.
    (AFP, 8/13/12)
2012        Aug 13, A Vatican judge ordered Paolo Gabriele (45), the pope's butler, and fellow lay employee Claudio Sciarpelletti (48) to stand trial for allegedly pilfering documents from Pope Benedict XVI's private apartment. The scandal has embarrassed the Vatican and exposed infighting and alleged corruption at the highest levels.
    (AP, 8/13/12)
2012        Aug 13, Zambia's main opposition leader, Hakainde Hichilema, was arrested and charged with publishing false information after he claimed on June 11 that ruling party youth were being trained by Sudanese militia.
    (AFP, 8/13/12)

2012        Aug 14, The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation announced the winners of its $100,000 Reinventing the Toilet Challenge. The winning toilet was developed by Michael Hoffman of the California Institute of Technology.
    (Economist, 9/1/12, TQ p.10)
2012        Aug 14, In California William Howard of Danville, a law enforcement whistleblower, was relieved from duty. He had cooperated in building a criminal case against former Deputy Sheriff Stephen Tanabe (49), who was indicted for making “dirty DUI arrests." Howard said his dismissal was retaliation for breaking the police code of silence. On Sep 3, 2013, Tanabe was convicted for his role in the DUI arrests. On Feb 19, 2014, Tanabe was sentenced to 15 months in federal prison.
    (SFC, 8/18/12, p.A1)(SFC, 9/4/13, p.A8)(SFC, 2/20/14, p.D2)
2012        Aug 14, Remy Charlip (83), dancer and author of 38 children’s books, died in San Francisco. He was one of the co-founders of the Merce Cunningham Dance Company.
    (SFC, 8/18/12, p.C4)
2012        Aug 14, In Afghanistan suicide attacks involving as many as 14 bombers killed at least 27 people in Nimroz province. Police killed and captured several of them. A separate market bombing in Kunduz province, killed 10 people, including five children. In the east a car hit a roadside bomb killing 4 children in Paktika province. The day’s death toll reached 50 including 11 police and 39 civilians. At least 110 people were wounded in all the attacks.
    (AP, 8/14/12)(AP, 8/15/12)
2012        Aug 14, Argentine prosecutors put former president Fernando de la Rua (1999-2001) on trial for bribery, accusing him of bribing senators for votes in 2000 to weaken worker protections. De la Rua was found innocent on Dec 23, 2013.
    (AP, 8/14/12)(SFC, 12/24/13, p.A2)
2012        Aug 14, In Argentina the world’s largest tango festival opened for a 2-week run in Buenos Aires.
    (SFC, 8/15/12, p.A2)
2012        Aug 14, In Argentina subways began rolling again in Buenos Aires after union leaders suspended a 10-day strike, but their tentative deal depends on an unresolved power struggle between the mayor and the president.
    (AP, 8/14/12)
2012        Aug 14, In Botswana the world's leading producer of diamonds De Beers began rough stone sorting, a first step in its transfer from London to Gaborone.
    (AFP, 8/14/12)
2012        Aug 14, Britain’s Standard Chartered settled allegations that it helped Iranian clients dodge US sanctions, announcing a fine of $340 million from a New York banking watchdog. Standard Chartered also agreed to house a government anti-laundering monitor for two years at its New York branch.
    (AFP, 8/15/12)
2012        Aug 14, Britain’s Office for National Statistics said consumer price inflation inched up to 2.6 percent from 2.4 percent in June as prices for airfares soared and clothing retailers reined in seasonal discounts.
    (Reuters, 8/14/12)
2012        Aug 14, Chilean police broke up protests by students, who had taken control of several high schools in Santiago, demanding free education.
    (SFC, 8/15/12, p.A2)
2012        Aug 14, Chinese police killed a fugitive armed robber and suspected serial killer dubbed China's most dangerous man, ending a huge manhunt. Zhou Kehua (42), suspected of killing nine people, spent eight years on the run before being shot dead in Chongqing.
    (AFP, 8/14/12)
2012        Aug 14, Egyptian Cabinet ministers and World Bank officials signed off on a $200 million project aimed at creating 250,000 jobs after more than a year of slow economic growth.
    (AP, 8/14/12)
2012        Aug 14, Egypt's security forces exchanged fire with militants in the Sinai peninsula, as the military continued its campaign against Islamists in the lawless region.
    (AFP, 8/14/12)
2012        Aug 14, Egypt opened its border with Hamas-ruled Gaza for a 3-day period ahead of a major Muslim holiday this weekend, but imposed tight restrictions on who can travel and did not say whether it would resume normal border operations. From its side, Hamas also temporarily prevented access to the illegal underground tunnels in a show of goodwill toward Egypt.
    (AP, 8/14/12)
2012        Aug 14, Malaysia's PM Najib Razak said he would review a legal amendment that critics claim threatens free expression online after they staged a one-day "Internet blackout." NGOs, bloggers and opposition politicians staged the protest earlier in the day by replacing their homepages with black screens featuring messages attacking the new section of the Evidence Act, which went into effect in April despite widespread opposition.
    (AFP, 8/14/12)
2012        Aug 14, In northern Nigeria 3 people were killed in a bomb blast on a Kaduna road leading to a mosque where a cleric had condemned the Islamist militant group Boko Haram.
    (AFP, 8/14/12)
2012        Aug 14, Nigerian officials said flooding in central Plateau state caused by heavy rains has killed at least 33 people, with many others still missing, while also destroying homes, bridges and farmland.
    (AFP, 8/14/12)(AP, 8/15/12)
2012        Aug 14, In Senegal 7 people including a baby died as heavy rains pounded the capital Dakar, causing partial home collapses.
    (AFP, 8/14/12)
2012        Aug 14, Svetozar Gligoric (89), a legendary Serbian and Yugoslav chess grandmaster, died in Belgrade. He was the national champion 12 times and one of the world's top players in the 20th century.
    (AP, 8/18/12)
2012        Aug 14, In Syria activists reported clashes and shelling in the northern city of Aleppo, southern province of Daraa, suburbs of Damascus and the northwestern region of Idlib. Syria's PM Riad Hijab, who defected to the opposition, said that Bashar Assad's regime was near collapse and urged other political and military leaders to tip the scales and join the rebel side. In a video, said to have been released by rebels and aired by Arab satellite TV Al-Arabiya, a man identifies himself as Hassane Salim al-Mikdad, and says he was one of 1,500 Hezbollah fighters sent to Syria on Aug 3.
    (AP, 8/14/12)
2012        Aug 14, UN humanitarian chief Valerie Amos arrived in Syria to address the "deteriorating humanitarian situation" in the conflict-ravaged country and discuss ways of scaling-up relief efforts.
    (AFP, 8/14/12)
2012        Aug 14, In Tunisia hundreds of protesters demonstrated against the ruling Islamist party during a general strike in Sidi Bouzid, hub of the 2011 uprising.
    (AFP, 8/14/12)
2012        Aug 14, In Vietnam hundreds of villagers stormed a local government office overnight, smashing furniture and seriously injuring two officials in connection with a land dispute.
    (AFP, 8/16/12)
2012        Aug 14, In Yemen troops from the elite Republican Guard force, led by the son of ousted president Saleh, attacked the headquarters of the defense ministry in Sanaa. The clashes killed one attacker, two ministry guards and two civilians.
    (AP, 8/14/12)

2012        Aug 15, A US federal government policy to stop deporting law-abiding undocumented immigrants under age 30 who arrived in the country before age 16 took effect. Arizona Republican Governor Jan Brewer issued an order barring illegal immigrants who qualify for temporary legal status in the United States from receiving any state or local public benefits, including driver’s licenses. The action was a response to relaxed deportation rules issued by the Obama administration.  On July 7, 2014, the Ninth US Circuit Court of Appeals said Arizona’s police is discriminatory and ordered the state to issue licenses.
    (SFC, 6/16/12, p.A1)(Reuters, 8/15/12)(SFC, 7/8/14, p.C4)
2012        Aug 15, Raymond Roth (47) of Massapequa, NY, was taken into custody for faking a drowning to collect as much as $400,000 in life insurance.
    (SFC, 8/16/12, p.A6)
2012        Aug 15, Texas authorities said the state is battling an outbreak of the West Nile virus, with 17 deaths blamed on the mosquito-borne disease.
    (AFP, 8/15/12)
2012        Aug 15, Astronomers using NASA’s Chandra X-Ray telescope reported the discovery of a galaxy cluster, nicknamed Phoenix, that creates 740 stars a year. It was estimated to be 6 billion years old.
    (SFC, 8/16/12, p.A7)
2012        Aug 15, In eastern Afghanistan 2 grenades exploded inside a mosque compound during morning prayers in Khost province, wounding at least 9 worshippers.
    (AP, 8/15/12)
2012        Aug 15, In southern Algeria 3 armed Islamists, including a senior member of Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) thought to be close to its leader, were arrested. Necib Tayeb, one of the oldest members of Al-Qaeda's north African branch, headed its so-called "judicial committee" and had been wanted since 1995.
    (AFP, 8/20/12)
2012        Aug 15, Australia highest court upheld the world's toughest law on cigarette promotion, which prohibits tobacco companies from displaying their logos on cigarette packs. Starting in December, packs will instead come in a uniformly drab shade of olive and feature graphic health warnings and images of cancer-riddled mouths, blinded eyeballs and sickly children.
    (AP, 8/15/12)
2012        Aug 15, In Australia Charles Zentai (90) won a legal battle against extradition to Hungary, in a move which allows him to stay in Australia, where he has citizenship.
    (AFP, 8/15/12)
2012        Aug 15, The Australian Competition and Consumer Commission said that car importer Ateco Automotive ordered dealers to stop selling certain vehicles by China’s Great Wall Motor Co. and Chery Automobile after asbestos was found inside engine and exhaust gaskets.
    (AP, 8/15/12)
2012        Aug 15, Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff announced a nearly $66 billion investment package to beef up the nation's ailing road and rail systems, part of efforts to solve serious transportation bottlenecks and spur a sputtering economy.
    (AP, 8/15/12)
2012        Aug 15, In Canada hikers west of Toronto found a severed human foot. Police the next day recovered a severed head in a park near the Credit River in Mississauga, Ontario, a city of 700,000 located just west of Toronto. The body parts were found about one km (0.7 mile) apart. On Aug 21 police said the body parts belonged to Guang Hua Liu (41), a woman who owned a spa in the eastern suburb of Scarborough. On June 26, 2014, Jiang Chunqi was convicted of second-degree murder for killing and dismembering his ex-girlfriend.
    (Reuters, 8/16/12)(Reuters, 8/21/12)(AP, 6/27/14)
2012        Aug 15, China and South Korea pressed Japan to face up to its wartime past, as festering territorial disputes flared and Asia marked the anniversary of Tokyo's World War II surrender.
    (AFP, 8/15/12)
2012        Aug 15, In Gabon clashes broke out in Libreville when police broke up an unauthorized protest in support of the country's main opposition leader, leaving at least one person dead and 10 people injured. 63-64 were detained and 57 remained in prison. Masked gunmen stormed the headquarters of TV+ and set fire to the station's transmitters. President Ali Bongo went on national television saying he would not let the country descend into chaos.
    (AFP, 8/15/12)(AP, 8/17/12)(AFP, 8/18/12)
2012        Aug 15, India’s PM Manmohan Singh confirmed plans to launch a space probe that will orbit Mars, after press reports that the mission was scheduled to begin late next year.
    (AFP, 8/15/12)
2012        Aug 15, In Iraq attacks in Baquba and Maqdadiya left 13 people dead.
    (AFP, 8/16/12)(SFC, 8/16/12, p.A2)
2012        Aug 15, In Ivory Coast  gunmen attacked a military checkpoint and freed 150 inmates from a prison in Dabou, but 50 were soon recaptured. Officials blamed the attacks on rogue soldiers and loyalists of former President Laurent Gbagbo.
    (AP, 8/16/12)
2012        Aug 15, Japan made 14 arrests after pro-China activists from Hong Kong landed on Senkaku (aka Diaoyu) island at the center of a bitter territorial dispute. On Aug 17 half of the group were put aboard a commercial airliner in the Okinawan main city of Naha and arrived in Hong Kong. The other half were taken back to their boat in Ishigaki.
    (AFP, 8/15/12)(AFP, 8/17/12)
2012        Aug 15, The large Lebanese Shiite clan called Muqdad claimed it had kidnapped 33 Syrians and a Turkish man after a family member was abducted two days earlier by a Syrian rebel group which accused him of being a Hezbollah sniper. Dozens more Syrians were seized and their shops vandalized by rioters in southern Shiite areas of Beirut. Rioters closed the road to Beirut airport and to the border with Syria.
    (AFP, 8/16/12)
2012        Aug 15, Nigeria cancelled a centuries-old Eid festival known for its elaborate horse pageant, officially due to Kano’s Emir Ado Bayero’s  health, but residents suspected worsening violence was to blame.
    (AFP, 8/15/12)
2012        Aug 15, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Qatar all ordered their citizens to leave Lebanon.
    (AFP, 8/16/12)
2012        Aug 15, A person with privileged access to the Saudi state-owned oil company’s computers, unleashed a computer virus to initiate what is regarded as among the most destructive acts of computer sabotage on a company to date. The virus erased data on three-quarters of Aramco’s corporate PCs — documents, spreadsheets, e-mails, files — replacing all of it with an image of a burning American flag.
    (NYT, 10/23/12)(http://tinyurl.com/8mc4pom)
2012        Aug 15, The Organization of Islamic Cooperation, comprised of 57 member states, released a final statement from its two day summit in Saudi Arabia's Muslim holy city of Mecca urging support of Syria’s opposition.
    (AP, 8/15/12)
2012        Aug 15, In Sudan 6 people were killed and 12 wounded during a dispute in Mellit town, north of the Darfur state capital El Fasher. An "exchange of accusations" over the death of one person reportedly sparked the incident.
    (AFP, 8/16/12)
2012        Aug 15, In Syria a bomb attached to a fuel truck exploded outside a Damascus hotel where UN observers are staying, wounding at least three people. Fierce fighting erupted between the Syrian army and rebels near the prime minister's office in Damascus. Activists reported shelling and clashes in Aleppo. Two Syrian fighter jets bombed the rebel-held town of Azaz. Human Rights Watch said over 40 people were killed. 757 Syrians fled into Turkey. Syria TV said three journalists from the pro-regime TV station Al-Ikhbariya were freed in a "qualitative operation" in the town of al-Tal.
    (AFP, 8/15/12)(AP, 8/15/12)(AP, 8/16/12)
2012        Aug 15, The United Arab Emirates said it has awarded six fuel contracts valued at $3 billion for its first nuclear power plant, expected to start up by 2017. The contracts were awarded to US ConverDyn; Canadian Uranium One, Inc.; the UK-based firm URENCO; Anglo-Australian giant Rio Tinto; Russia's firm TENEX and France's Areva.
    (AP, 8/15/12)
2012        Aug 15, The UN food agency staged a rare air drop of food to thousands of desperate refugees in South Sudan stranded by floods.
    (AFP, 8/16/12)
2012        Aug 15, A UN panel laid the groundwork for possible prosecutions in international courts against the Syrian leader and other senior government officials. It called the May 25 massacre in Houla a war crime perpetrated by the government forces and shabiha militia backing the regime of President Bashar Assad.
    (AP, 8/15/12)
2012        Aug 15, In Yemen gunmen stormed a passenger plane after it landed in Aden, grabbed retired Maj. Gen. Ahmed Abdullah al-Hassani, a former Yemeni navy commander and opposition leader, from his seat and spirited him away to an unknown destination.
    (AP, 8/15/12)
2012        Aug 15, Zimbabwe's Pres. Mugabe launched the national census, saying he hoped the once-a-decade count would measure the extent to which AIDS was affecting the population.
    (AFP, 8/15/12)

2012        Aug 16, In California 12 federal counts of wire fraud and conspiracy to commit wire fraud were brought against Terence Bonner (59), former leader of the national union representing Border Patrol agents. He allegedly filed false claims for hundreds of thousands of dollars from 2007-2010.
    (SFC, 8/18/12, p.A6)
2012        Aug 16, In California gang member Pierre Mercado was found guilty in Los Angeles of 4 counts of murder during a mid 1990’s crime spree. He was a member of the Asian Boys founded by his brother, Marvin, now serving life in prison.
    (SFC, 8/17/12, p.A8)
2012        Aug 16, William Windom, TV actor, died at his home in Woodacre, Ca. He received an Emmy for best actor for his performance in “My World and Welcome to It" (1970), a program based on James Thurber’s humorous essays. He also appeared in over 50 episodes of “Murder She Wrote."
    (SFC, 8/21/12, p.C3)
2012        Aug 16, In Louisiana 2 sheriff’s deputies were killed and 2 others injured during a shootout in Laplace, John the Baptist Parish. 7 people were arrested in connection to the shootings. The suspects were later reported to be heavily armed adherents to an ideology known as the "sovereign citizens" movement.
    (SFC, 8/17/12, p.A9)(SFC, 8/18/12, p.A5)(AP, 8/18/12)
2012        Aug 16, Detroit police found a woman and 2 children slain when officers went to notify her that her husband, Michael VanDerLinden had died in a fatal car crash in Indiana. He was driving the wrong way on an interstate and killed a stranger as he slammed into the man’s car.
    (SFC, 8/18/12, p.A5)
2012        Aug 16, A solar powered toilet that turns urine and feces into hydrogen and electricity won a $100,000 first prize in the Reinvent the Toilet Challenge in Seattle, sponsored by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.
    (SFC, 8/17/12, p.A8)
2012        Aug 16, It was reported that lion bones have become a hot commodity for their use in Asian traditional medicine, driving up exports from South Africa to the East and creating new fears of the survival of the species.
    (AFP, 8/16/12)
2012        Aug 16, In Afghanistan Taliban fighters reportedly shot down a NATO helicopter during a firefight in Kandahar province. 11 people were killed in the crash, including 7 Americans and 4 Afghans. An Afghan army vehicle hit a roadside bomb in Baghlan province, killing 3 Afghan soldiers and wounding 3 others.
    (AP, 8/16/12)(SFC, 8/17/12, p.A3)
2012        Aug 16, Prominent Bahraini human rights activist Nabeel Rajab was found guilty of calling and participating in several illegal gatherings and sentenced to three years in jail. In December an appeals court reduced his sentence from three years to two.
    (AP, 8/16/12)(AP, 12/11/12)
2012        Aug 16, British High Court judges dismissed a legal plea by Tony Nicklinson (58) for the right to die, unanimously ruling that it would be wrong to depart from a precedent that equates voluntary euthanasia with murder. Nicklinson had locked-in syndrome after suffering a stroke on a business trip to Athens in 2005. He died at his home in Melksham on Aug 22 after contracting pneumonia.
    (AFP, 8/22/12)
2012        Aug 16, It was reported that Britain’s town of Bristol has re-scheduled the launch of the Bristol pound, usable only with member businesses in the city in southwest England, to Sep 19. The Bristol pound will not be legal tender and must be exchanged through the Bristol Credit Union, with a three percent charge for conversion back to sterling.
    (AFP, 8/16/12)
2012        Aug 16, Ecuador granted political asylum to WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange, setting up a diplomatic confrontation with Britain, which angrily insisted it would extradite him to Sweden.
    (AFP, 8/16/12)
2012        Aug 16, In Egypt a Cairo court charged controversial TV presenter Tawfiq Okasha with suggesting the killing of Pres. Morsi during his nightly TV show. The court also referred the chief editor of el-Dustour daily, Islam Afifi, for his newspaper's harsh criticism of Morsi.
    (AP, 8/17/12)
2012        Aug 16, Thousands of Indians from the northeast of the country fled southern cities after rumors they would be attacked by Muslims in reprisal for recent ethnic violence. The army and paramilitary troopers called out in the Nalbari and Kamrup districts after mobs torched a bus, a car and a wooden road bridge. 11 people were injured when acid was thrown on a group in the western Assam town of Gossaigaon in the troubled Kokrajhar district.
    (AFP, 8/16/12)
2012        Aug 16, India's top carmaker Maruti Suzuki said that more than 500 workers had been sacked after riots on July 18 at a plant near New Delhi left one manager dead. Production was set to partially re-start on August 21 with 200 anti-riot police on rolling shifts inside the factory.
    (AFP, 8/16/12)
2012        Aug 16, In Iraq a wave of attacks killed at least 93 people. More than 100 people were wounded in 15 explosions, including seven car bombs, a suicide attack, and a shooting, in nine cities and towns nationwide.
    (AFP, 8/16/12)(AP, 8/17/12)
2012        Aug 16, In Iraq Banin Haider (4) was kidnapped in Zubair, a rundown town just outside the city of Basra. Police later found her body in a derelict area with her hands and legs bound. She was raped multiple times, and her head was smashed by what was believed to be a large brick. An off-duty soldier assigned to a nearby army base, Akram al-Mayahi, was arrested in connection with the Banin's murder. He was found guilty on Oct. 22 and sentenced to death for abusing and killing the girl.
    (AP, 11/9/12)
2012        Aug 16, In Italy 6 of 10 horses crashed during the latest Palio bareback horse race in Siena. One horse broke a front leg. Some 50 horses have died during the race since 1970.
    (SFC, 8/18/12, p.A2)
2012        Aug 16, In Ivory Coast fighting broke out overnight with villagers near the economic capital Abidjan reporting heavy gunfire, trapping them in their homes. Armed men had attacked an army base, a prison and police stations overnight leaving 3 civilians dead. The local police commissioner said two gunmen were killed, about a dozen were arrested and that there were no army fatalities.
    (AFP, 8/16/12)
2012        Aug 16, Malta said its navy has recovered two bodies and rescued around 160 Eritrean and Somali migrants from two boats which got into trouble on the Mediterranean Sea.
    (AFP, 8/16/12)
2012        Aug 16, A Mauritanian man has the throats of his four children to avoid the expense of buying them new clothes for the upcoming Muslim holiday Eid-al-fitr.
    (AFP, 8/17/12)
2012        Aug 16, In northwest Pakistan Taliban militants wearing explosive vests and armed with rocket-propelled grenades attacked Air Force Base Minhas in Kamra, possibly linked to the country's nuclear program, and fought a two-hour battle that left one security official and 9 insurgents dead and the base in flames. Hours later in northern Pakistan, gunmen forced 22 Shiite Muslims off of 3 buses in the Naran Valley, lined them up and killed them.
    (AP, 8/16/12)(SFC, 8/17/12, p.A5)
2012        Aug 16, Pakistani police in Islamabad arrested Rimsha Masih, a young Christian girl with Down's Syndrome, after she was reported holding in public burnt pages which had Islamic text and Koranic verses on them. Cleric Khalid Chisti (30), who handed over the girl (14) to police, later claimed he did so to protect her from mob violence. On Sep 2 Chisti was arrested for falsifying evidence. On Sep 7 a Pakistani judge granted Rimsha bail of $10,500. On Nov 20 she was acquitted. On Aug 17, 2013, a court dismissed charges against Chisti due to insufficient evidence.
    (AFP, 8/19/12)(AFP, 8/24/12)(SFC, 9/3/12, p.A3)(AP, 9/7/12)(Reuters, 9/20/12)(AP, 11/20/12)(SSFC, 8/18/13, p.A8)
2012        Aug 16, Unknown assailants firebombed a Palestinian taxi in the West Bank leaving 6 people wounded. Israel’s PM Benjamin Netanyahu later vowed to bring the people responsible for the firebombing to justice. The Israeli military has counted 196 Palestinian firebomb attacks and six shooting incidents in the first half of 2012.
    (AP, 8/21/12)
2012        Aug 16, Peru’s military said 5 soldiers have been killed in a clash with resurgent Shining Path rebels in the Junin region, 175 miles east of Lima.
    (SFC, 8/17/12, p.A2)
2012        Aug 16, In Mecca, Saudi Arabia, the Organization of Islamic Cooperation, the top world Muslim body, suspended Syria, saying it can no longer accept a regime that "massacres its people", as rights groups accused Damascus of a new atrocity against civilians.
    (AFP, 8/16/12)
2012        Aug 16, Singapore's High Court ruled that more than $23 million seized from the estate of late Philippine dictator Ferdinand Marcos rightfully belongs to a Philippine bank.
    (AFP, 8/16/12)
2012        Aug 16, South African police fired on strikers at the Lonmin platinum mine leaving 34 dead. This was the deadliest police action since the end of white-minority rule in 1994.
    (AFP, 8/17/12)
2012        Aug 16, In South Korea Hanwha Corp. chairman Kim Seung-youn, one of the country’s largest conglomerates, was sentenced to four years prison and fined 5.1 billion won ($4.5 million) for embezzlement in a ruling that shows a tougher stance against wrongdoing by leaders of the country's mightiest companies.
    (AP, 8/16/12)
2012        Aug 16, Syrian forces shelling the besieged city of Aleppo struck a bread line outside a bakery killing at least 10 people. The LCC said 49 people were killed all over Aleppo.
    (AFP, 8/16/12)
2012        Aug 16, The United Nations said deadly clashes between soldiers and a Muslim rebel group in the violence-plagued southern Philippines had displaced up to 45,000 people. Members of the Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters (BIFF) attacked several army detachments in the southern province of Maguindanao last week, triggering gunbattles that left at least five soldiers dead.
    (AFP, 8/16/12)
2012        Aug 16, Yemen's top security committee said 62 officers and soldiers loyal to ex-President Ali Abdullah Saleh's son were charged with resisting authorities and mutiny after trying to storm the Ministry of Defense 2 days earlier.
    (AP, 8/16/12)

2012        Aug 17, Brittni Nicole Colleps (28), a former North Texas high school teacher, was convicted and sentenced to five years in prison for having sex with five 18-year-old students at her home in 2011. Three former students, who testified a day earlier, said that they did not consider themselves victims and did not want to see their former English teacher prosecuted.
    (AFP, 8/18/12)
2012        Aug 17, Two Afghan security personnel opened fire on Western colleagues, killing two US soldiers and causing a number of other casualties in two separate attacks in Farah province. The attacker was shot and killed. Hours later ISAF confirmed that "a number" of foreign and Afghan soldiers were shot and wounded by an Afghan soldier in the southern province of Kandahar. A British died as a result of enemy action while on sentry duty in the Nahri Saraj district of Helmand province.
    (AFP, 8/17/12)(AP, 8/18/12)
2012        Aug 17, Australian police said they were investigating the theft of some 500,000 credit card numbers which resulted in Aus$25 million (US$26.2 million) worth of fraudulent transactions.
    (AFP, 8/17/12)
2012        Aug 17, Bahraini security forces shot dead Shiite teenager, Hussam al-Haddad (16), as a group of protesters attacked police late at night with petrol bombs near the capital Manama.
    (AFP, 8/18/12)
2012        Aug 17, Bangladesh authorities said they have rescued at least 60 fishermen abducted last week by pirates in the Bay of Bengal, as naval and air forces cracked down on criminal activity at sea.
    (AFP, 8/17/12)
2012        Aug 17, Ethiopian Airlines received Africa's first Boeing 787 Dreamliner, making Ethiopia the only country aside from Japan to operate the innovative aircraft. Ethiopian Airlines has purchased ten 787 Dreamliners from Boeing.
    (AFP, 8/17/12)
2012        Aug 17, In France Patrick Ricard (67), chairman of the board of directors of Pernod Ricard, died. He transformed a small firm based on his father's anis-flavored liquor into a global entity with some of the most famous names in alcohol.
    (AP, 8/18/12)
2012        Aug 17, In Greece a local crowd on the island of Hydra attacked tax police after they detained a restaurant owner who did not provide receipts to clients. Riot police arrived the next day and the owner was transported to Athens by coast guard ship.
    (AP, 8/19/12)
2012        Aug 17, India's national auditor said the government lost huge sums of money by selling coal fields to private companies without competitive bidding and in a deal for Delhi's international airport, adding to massive losses from dubious auctions of other state assets.
    (AP, 8/17/12)
2012        Aug 17, India demanded social networking websites take down provocative messages and blocked some online content after anonymous threats sparked an exodus of migrants from southern cities. Local media reports estimated that over 35,000 people had fled cities including Bangalore and Mumbai, packing special trains arranged to carry panicked students and workers back to the northeast. The government later said much of the inflammatory Internet activity originated from Muslim-majority Pakistan.
    (AFP, 8/21/12)
2012        Aug 17, In Israel a mob of Jewish teens beat a Palestinian unconscious in downtown Jerusalem. Seven people, aged 13 to 19, were arrested in connection with the assault on Jamal Julani (17).
    (AP, 8/21/12)
2012        Aug 17, In Mexico 12 people died when a bus heading to a resort in Mazatlan crashed into a ravine in Durango state.
    (SFC, 8/18/12, p.A2)(http://tinyurl.com/9xy5n5u)
2012        Aug 17, In Pakistan a bomb struck a bus taking some 40 Shiite Muslims to a protest rally in Karachi, killing one man and wounding 11 others. In the southwest a suicide bomber blew up his explosive-laden car at a check post late at night killing 5 people including 3 soldiers.
    (AFP, 8/17/12)(AFP, 8/18/12)
2012        Aug 17, The ruling Palestinian militant group Hamas, said a member of its armed wing, Ezzedine al-Qassam Brigades, died when a bomb he was guarding exploded accidently.
    (AFP, 8/17/12)
2012        Aug 17, Philippine President Benigno Aquino signed a law creating a one billion peso (about $24 million) "survival fund" to combat the effects of climate change.
    (AFP, 8/21/12)
2012        Aug 17, Polish prosecutors charged the owner of Amber Gold Fund, a suspended investment fund, with illegal activity in a case that has increased government scrutiny of the country's private financial firms. More than 400 of its clients have written to the prosecutors to seek reimbursement of their money. They were lured to the fund by promises of a 10 percent interest. Prosecutors later said investors lost about 163 million zlotys ($50 million; €40 million), a number that has been mounting as more and more victims come forward.
    (AP, 8/17/12)(AP, 8/28/12)
2012        Aug 17, A Russian judge found three members of the provocative punk band Pussy Riot guilty of hooliganism. A court sentenced the women to two-year jail sentences for their anti-Putin stunt performed in a prominent Moscow church.
    (AP, 8/17/12)(AFP, 8/17/12)
2012        Aug 17, Syrian forces battled rebels near the airport in Aleppo. A UN refugee agency spokesman said 3,500 people crossed into Turkey over the previous 2 days. UN officials in Syria were starting to close down their military observer mission after failed international attempts to broker a cease-fire.
    (AP, 8/17/12)
2012        Aug 17, In Thailand a fire ripped through a nightclub popular on the resort island of Phuket early today, leaving at least 4 people dead and more than 20 others injured. The venue was said to be officially closed at the time of the fire but about 70-80 people were still inside sheltering from heavy rain.
    (AFP, 8/17/12)
2012        Aug 17, The UN said Lakhdar Brahimi (78) of Algeria, a veteran diplomat troubleshooter, will take over from Kofi Annan as the international envoy on the Syria conflict.
    (AFP, 8/17/12)

2012        Aug 18, Philadelphia police Officer Moses Walker (40) was shot to death, while out of uniform, by a suspected street robber near his station.
    (SSFC, 8/19/12, p.A12)
2012        Aug 18, Scott McKenzie (73), pop singer born as Philip Blondheim, died at his home in LA. In 1967 he sang “San Francisco (Be Sure to Wear Flowers in Your Hair)" with the Mamas and Papas, a song written by John Phillips, leader of the Mamas and the Papas. McKenzie also co-wrote “Kokomo" (1988), a No. 1 hit for the Beach Boys.
    (SFC, 8/21/12, p.C3)
2012        Aug 18, In Afghanistan a bomb in a busy market killed four people in the western province of Herat. The director of a prison in Helmand province's Grish district, Mohammad Ismail, died when a bomb attached to his car exploded.
    (AP, 8/18/12)
2012        Aug 18, In China Yu Wenxia, Miss China, won the Miss World crown for 2012, defeating more than 100 other hopefuls the world's biggest beauty pageant in at a glittering ceremony in Ordos, a Chinese mining city on the edge of the Gobi desert.
    (AFP, 8/18/12)
2012        Aug 18, In Egypt militants wounded three policemen in the Sinai Peninsula in an ambush of their vehicle with a rocket propelled grenade.
    (AFP, 8/18/12)
2012        Aug 18, In Indonesia a magnitude-6.3 quake struck near Palu city on Sulawesi Island. At least 6 people were killed.
    (AP, 8/20/12)
2012        Aug 18, In northern Iraq gunmen raided two family homes in Mosul, killing six people. Mosul was once an al-Qaida stronghold.
    (AP, 8/18/12)
2012        Aug 18, In Iraq Maryam Rajavi, president of the National Council of Resistance of Iran, which includes the People's Mujahedeen Organization of Iran (PMOI), said: “As a gesture of goodwill, the residents of Ashraf will commence the 6th convoy of 400 residents from Camp Ashraf to Camp Liberty on August 23."
    (AFP, 8/18/12)
2012        Aug 18, In Ivory Coast armed men attacked former president Laurent Gbagbo's party headquarters, abducting two people and wounding three. The party blamed the raid on supporters of President Alassane Ouattara. PM Jeannot Kouadio Ahoussou called on the perpetrators of attacks against the army to disarm and not block the country's "revival."
    (AFP, 8/18/12)
2012        Aug 18, A flotilla of boats carrying Japanese nationalists and lawmakers set sail for islands, known as Senkaku in Japan and as Diaoyu in China, at the heart of a vitriolic diplomatic row with China, despite warnings from Beijing. China demanded that Japan cease actions "harming" its territorial sovereignty.
    (AFP, 8/18/12)
2012        Aug 18, Lebanese security officials said that five more Syrians were abducted in Beirut's southern suburbs overnight.
    (AP, 8/18/12)
2012        Aug 18, In Mozambique Southern African leaders slammed Rwanda for supporting rebels in the Democratic Republic of Congo as a threat to regional stability and urged Kigali to immediately stop its "interference." The Southern African Development Community (SADC) mandated a mission to Rwanda to urge them to stop support for the M23.
    (AFP, 8/18/12)
2012        Aug 18, In Nigeria an ocean surge crashed into waterfront shanties in Lagos, leaving at least one person dead and 15 missing.
    (AFP, 8/19/12)
2012        Aug 18, In Pakistan A US drone attack killed at least six militants in a remote tribal town in North Waziristan as local people celebrated the Muslim festival of Eid al-Fitr.
    (AFP, 8/18/12)
2012        Aug 18, Philippine Interior Secretary Jesse Robredo and his two pilots went missing after their small plane crashed into the sea while attempting an emergency landing in Masbate province. An aide of Robredo made a dramatic escape from the plane.
    (AP, 8/19/12)
2012        Aug 18, In southern Russia’s republic of Dagestan, two masked gunmen burst into a Shiite mosque during evening prayers and opened fire, wounding eight people.
    (AFP, 8/19/12)
2012        Aug 18, In South Korea 8 people were stabbed by a man wielding a box cutter after a man and woman confronted him for spitting in a train.
    (SSFC, 8/19/12, p.A4)
2012        Aug 18, Syrian activists said government troops shelled and carried out air raids at rebel areas across the country, including the southern province of Daraa, the northern region of Aleppo and the suburbs of the capital, Damascus. A Syrian warplane bombed a small town partially controlled by anti-regime fighters near the Turkish border, killing eight people and wounding at least 20.
    (AP, 8/18/12)
2012        Aug 18, In Vietnam at least 17 people were killed as Typhoon Kai-Tak, now downgraded to a tropical depression, barreled across northern Vietnam bringing high winds and floods to several areas including the capital Hanoi. The typhoon had already left 2 dead in China and 4 dead in the Philippines.
    (AFP, 8/18/12)(AFP, 8/19/12)(AFP, 8/20/12)
2012        Aug 18, In Yemen suspected al-Qaida militants attacked a government headquarters, killing 21 people in a bold attack in the country's main southern city of Aden.
    (AFP, 8/18/12)(AFP, 8/19/12)

2012        Aug 19, In California prominent Hollywood film director Tony Scott (68), jumped to his death from a bridge in San Pedro, California. His signature works included "Top Gun."
    (AFP, 8/19/12)
2012        Aug 19, The New York Times reported that Iraq is helping its neighbor Iran skirt international sanctions by smuggling oil and letting Tehran secretly move large amounts of cash through bank auctions.
    (AFP, 8/19/12)
2012        Aug 19, In New York a small plane crashed into a residential street on Long Island killing 2 of the 3 people onboard.
    (SFC, 8/20/12, p.A4)
2012        Aug 19, In Afghanistan attackers killed two pairs of brothers in Helmand and Farah provinces with links to the government. NATO reported 3 service members killed in the east. An airstrike by coalition forces in the northeast killed as many as 50 Taliban fighters and a local insurgent leader in Kunar province. 2 Afghan policemen turned their weapons on US troops in Kandahar province, killing an American service member. One of the attackers was killed when the troops returned fire and the other escaped.
    (AP, 8/19/12)(AP, 8/20/12)
2012        Aug 19, Gambian President Yahya Jammeh told his people that by the middle of September all those already sentenced to death for crimes will be executed.
    (AFP, 8/19/12)
2012        Aug 19, In Iraq Sunni religious leader Mehdi al-Sumaidaie, was critically wounded by a car bomb as the Eid al-Fitr festival began in Baghdad. 4 others were killed. He had called on Iraqis to fight US troops but has more recently advocated national reconciliation.
    (AFP, 8/19/12)(SFC, 8/20/12, p.A2)
2012        Aug 19, Japanese nationalists raised flags on an island at the heart of a corrosive territorial row, sparking street protests in China and an angry reaction from Beijing.
    (AFP, 8/19/12)
2012        Aug 19, Japanese officials said 7 people, most of them elderly women, died after eating pickles contaminated with E. coli in Sapporo. This was the country's deadliest mass food poisoning in 10 years.
    (AFP, 8/19/12)
2012        Aug 19, Jordan's government spokesman sternly criticized Syria for artillery shelling on its northern border that wounded a Jordanian girl and panicked other civilians. Four shells landed in Jordan during clashes between the Syrian military and rebel forces on the Syrian side of the border.
    (AP, 8/20/12)
2012        Aug 19, In Libya two car bombs exploded in the capital, Tripoli, killing two people and injuring several others. Officials blamed loyalists of Moammar Gadhafi. Security services the next day announced the arrests of a number of people suspected to be behind the bomb attack.
    (AP, 8/19/12)(AFP, 8/20/12)
2012        Aug 19, Morocco’s King Mohammed VI granted partial or full pardons to 562 prisoners to mark the Muslim feast of Eid which follows the Ramadan holy month.
    (AFP, 8/19/12)
2012        Aug 19, In Nigeria two gunmen riding on motorcycles opened fire on troops at a military checkpoint in the northern city of Kano, injuring a soldier.
    (AFP, 8/20/12)
2012        Aug 19, In Pakistan US drones fired a flurry of missiles in North Waziristan, killing a total of 10 suspected militants.
    (AP, 8/19/12)
2012        Aug 19, In southern Russia a suicide bomber blew himself up as policemen in Ingushetia gathered for the funeral of a slain colleague, killing at least seven of the policemen and badly wounding 12 other people. Gov. Yunus-Bek Yevkurov said militants had killed the police officer in the town of Malgobek to set up the suicide attack at the funeral.
    (AFP, 8/19/12)
2012        Aug 19, In South Africa Platinum producer Lonmin ordered employees at its mine where police killed 34 people to return to work or risk dismissal but workers vowed to stay on strike.
    (AFP, 8/19/12)
2012        Aug 19, A Sudanese government helicopter crashed before landing in a remote town in the country's southern mountains, killing all 32 people on board. Its 26 passengers included the minister of endowment, a leading politician, two army generals and a TV crew.
    (AP, 8/19/12)
2012        Aug 19, In Syria at least 56 people died in violence on the first day of Eid al-Fitr. This included 6 children killed by shelling near their home in the rebel-held town of Maaret al-Numan in the northwestern province of Idlib. President Bashar al-Assad made a rare public appearance with top officials for Eid prayers at a Damascus mosque, while demonstrators took to the streets of the capital and other cities to vent their rage at the regime. The mandate of the UN Supervision Mission in Syria (UNSMIS) expired at midnight.
    (AFP, 8/19/12)(AFP, 8/20/12)
2012        Aug 19, In Venezuela rival prison inmates waged a gunbattle that left 25 people dead.
    (SFC, 8/21/12, p.A2)
2012        Aug 19, In Vietnam Le Quoc Quan, who blogs on a range of sensitive topics including civil rights, political pluralism and religious freedom, was struck with a steel baton near his Hanoi home. He believed the police were behind the attack.
    (AFP, 8/21/12)
2012        Aug 19, A Yemeni security official said a suicide bomber blew himself up in the country's south, killing a leading member of a civilian militia that has fought alongside government troops to drive out al-Qaida militants from their southern strongholds.
    (AP, 8/19/12)

2012        Aug 20, US President Barack Obama warned Syria that Washington will not tolerate any deployment of chemical weapons.
    (AFP, 8/20/12)
2012        Aug 20, A Manhattan federal court found Doug Whitman (54), head of Whitman Capital LLC, guilty of insider trading. Prosecutors claimed he traded on illegal tips about Polycom Inc., Goggle Inc. and Marvell Tech.
    (SFC, 8/21/12, p.D3)
2012        Aug 20, Apple Corp. shares closed at $662.38 propelling the company’s value to $623 billion, the world’s highest market cap ever.
    (SFC, 8/21/12, p.D1)
2012        Aug 20, Comedian Phyllis Diller (95) died in her Los Angeles home. In 1966-67 she was the star of an ABC sitcom about a society family trying to stave off bankruptcy, "The Pruitts of Southampton." In 1968, she was host of a short-lived variety series, "The Beautiful Phyllis Diller Show." She also appeared in movies, including "Boy, Did I Get a Wrong Number" (1966) and "Eight on the Lam" (1967) with Bob Hope.
    (AP, 8/20/12)
2012        Aug 20, In Maryland a CSX freight train derailed near midnight buried under coal and killed 2 college friends (19), who were sitting near the tracks.
    (SFC, 8/22/12, p.A6)
2012        Aug 20, In Afghanistan three Afghans from a politically connected family were killed when their car struck a roadside bomb in the eastern province of Paktia.
    (AP, 8/20/12)
2012        Aug 20, In London Turkish Cypriot tycoon Asil Nadir (71) was found guilty of theft in relation to the collapse of his Polly Peck business empire, one of a series of debacles that focused public attention on the corporate greed of 1980s Britain. On Aug 23 he was sentenced to 10 years in prison.
    (AP, 8/20/12)(AFP, 8/23/12)
2012        Aug 20, A Chinese court handed Gu Kailai, the wife of disgraced political leader Bo Xilai, a suspended death sentence for murder in a case that has rocked the Communist party ahead of a 10-yearly power handover. Zhang Xiaojun, an employee of the Bo family charged with helping Gu to poison Heywood, was found guilty and sentenced to nine years in jail while four police officers were convicted of attempting to cover up the murder.
    (AFP, 8/20/12)
2012        Aug 20, Meles Zenawi (b.1955), Ethiopia's long-time ruler, died of an undisclosed illness in Belgium. He was credited with economic gains, but blamed for human rights abuses, and was a major US counter-terrorism ally. Hailemariam Desalegn, who was appointed deputy prime minister and minister of foreign affairs in 2010, became acting prime minister.
    (AP, 8/21/12)
2012        Aug 20, In Greece firefighters battled a major forest fire on the island of Chios as it ravaged groves of the island’s famed mastic trees for a 3rd day.
    (SFC, 8/21/12, p.A2)
2012        Aug 20, Mali's interim leaders announced a new government late today, months after a military coup unleashed political chaos.
    (AP, 8/20/12)
2012        Aug 20, Myanmar abolished direct censorship of the media in the most dramatic move yet toward allowing freedom of expression in the long-repressed nation. But related laws and practices that may lead to self-censorship raise doubt about how much will change.
    (AP, 8/20/12)
2012        Aug 20, Nicaraguan police stopped 6 vans driven by people posing as members of a Mexican television news crew. Police found $9.2 million in smuggled cash and 18 people were detained.
    (AP, 8/24/12)(AP, 8/31/12)
2012        Aug 20, In Niger 4.7 inches of rain (119 millimeters) fell in the capital, pushing water under people's doors and causing rivers to rise to the highest levels since 1929.
    (AP, 8/31/12)
2012        Aug 20, In northeastern Nigeria gunmen in Damagun, Yobe state, blew up part of a primary school overnight then attacked a Catholic church and police station before officers fought them off.
    (AFP, 8/20/12)
2012        Aug 20, Somalia's parliament held its inaugural session as the chief justice swore in 211 new members of parliament. Leaders were to have chosen 275 members of parliament and vote for a new president by today, the end of the UN-backed Transitional Federal Government. The process has been slowed by corruption and intimidation. Some seats were said to be sold for up to $25,000.
    (AP, 8/20/12)(Econ, 8/25/12, p.37)
2012        Aug 20, A South African court convicted the last of 20 men accused of high treason for a plot to kill Nelson Mandela and drive blacks out of the country, in a trial that spanned nearly a decade. The "Boeremag" organization had planned a right-wing coup in 2002 to overthrow the post-apartheid government by creating chaos in the country. Judge Eben Jordaan found that Kobus Pretorius was the group's "master explosives manufacturer" and "took the lead in the production process" throughout their bomb-making activity.
    (AFP, 8/20/12)
2012        Aug 20, In South Africa only 27% of workers answered an ultimatum to return for morning shifts at the platinum mine where police shot and killed 34-44 striking workers last week. Lonmin PLC said they were enough for it to resume operations.
    (AP, 8/20/12)(AFP, 8/23/12)
2012        Aug 20, Sri Lanka's navy stopped two Australia-bound trawlers carrying 83 would-be asylum seekers in the first detection since Canberra tightened restrictions on boat people.
    (AFP, 8/20/12)
2012        Aug 20, In Syria deadly fighting rocked Daraa, the birthplace of the Syrian uprising, as rebels doggedly resisted a regime onslaught. Government forces pummeled Aleppo with airstrikes and tanks and shelled parts of Damascus and southern Syria Monday, killing at least 100 people.
    (AFP, 8/20/12)(AP, 8/20/12)
2012        Aug 20, In Syria Mika Yamamoto (45), a veteran Japanese war reporter, died after she was shot in the neck when coming under fire from up to 15 apparently pro-government troops in Aleppo.
    (AFP, 8/21/12)
2012        Aug 20, In Turkey a car bomb in a southeastern Turkish city of Gaziantap left 9 people dead. Authorities blamed rebels of the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) of being behind the powerful blast that went off close to a police station. The PKK denied the attack.
    (AFP, 8/21/12)
2012        Aug 20, In Vietnam Nguyen Duc Kien (48), a shareholder in some of Vietnam's largest financial institutions, was taken into custody after police raided his Hanoi home and seized documents. He was arrested for illegal business activities. Kien is a founder of Asia Commercial Bank (ACB), one of the largest banks in Vietnam, which counts global banking giant Standard Chartered as one of its "strategic partners." The banking tycoon and football fanatic was arrested and charged with failing to obtain proper licenses for three small investment firms that he chaired.
    (AFP, 8/21/12)(Econ, 8/25/12, p.32)   

2012        Aug 21, American swimmer Diana Nyad (63) ended her 4th attempt to swim from Cuba to Florida after 41 hours and 45 minutes of swimming.
    (SFC, 8/22/12, p.A6)
2012        Aug 21, Cuba said it has sentenced 12 people to prison for corruption, including high-ranking government officials and employees of a jointly run Cuban-Canadian nickel operation.
    (AP, 8/21/12)
2012        Aug 21, In Germany a trial opened in Koblenz for 26 alleged neo-Nazis on accusations they were responsible for a spate of attacks on leftists.
    (AP, 8/21/12)
2012        Aug 21, Two leading rights groups called for an end to international cash and technical assistance to Iran's anti-drug campaign, which they said was bolstering a rise in executions.
    (AFP, 8/21/12)
2012        Aug 21, In Lebanon overnight clashes between supporters and opponents of President Bashar Assad left two dead and as many as 45 wounded.
    (AP, 8/21/12)
2012        Aug 21, Liberian President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf suspended 46 government officials, including her son, for failing to declare their assets.
    (AFP, 8/21/12)
2012        Aug 21, Mexico's Supreme Court declared unconstitutional a key portion of a military law that has broadened the influence of military courts and angered civilian victims seeking justice.
    (AP, 8/22/12)
2012        Aug 21, In Pakistan US drones fired missiles at a vehicle in North Waziristan killing 5 suspected militants and injuring two.
    (SFC, 8/22/12, p.A2)
2012        Aug 21, In Pakistan barber Yousaf Khan (32) was kidnapped by seven members of a landowning family who gouged his eyes with a sharp knife before slitting his ears, nose, lips and tongue over a relationship with a married woman in the family in Mirzapur village.
    (AFP, 8/23/12)
2012        Aug 21, Sierra Leone said it has signed a $15 million (12 million euro) loan agreement with China for the installation of a fiber optic cable which will boost Internet capabilities.
    (AFP, 8/21/12)
2012        Aug 21, In South Africa Platinum giant Lonmin eased off its threat to fire miners who failed to return to work, as the government pleaded for time to mourn the 44 people killed during a wildcat strike. The company said about one-third of Lonmin's 28,000 employees at the Marikana platinum mine reported for work today.
    (AFP, 8/21/12)
2012        Aug 21, Syrian government forces stormed Moadamiyeh, a rebel-held town outside Damascus after days of fierce fighting, killing at least 23 fighters. Army shelling bombarded a cemetery in a Damascus suburb during funerals for victims of a freshly discovered massacre. Warplanes and helicopters attacked towns and villages north of Aleppo, killing 2 civilians, including a young boy. At least 128 people were killed nationwide, among them 81 civilians.
    (AP, 8/21/12)(AFP, 8/21/12)(SFC, 8/22/12, p.A2)
2012        Aug 21, Syrian deputy PM Qadri Jamil visiting Moscow held out the prospect that embattled President Bashar al-Assad could leave power as part of a negotiated settlement to the increasingly ferocious conflict.
    (AFP, 8/21/12)
2012        Aug 21, Togolese authorities fired tear gas to disperse a protest by several thousand people in the capital Lome. This was the first of three days of demonstrations planned by Let's Save Togo, a coalition of opposition and civil society groups. A week earlier Togo's government banned street demonstrations in commercial centers.
    (AFP, 8/21/12)
2012        Aug 21, In Yemen suspected Al-Qaeda militants blew up a pipeline pumping liquefied gas to the southern Balhaf export terminal. The early morning attack caused a complete halt in operations.
    (AFP, 8/21/12)

2012        Aug 22, Minnesota Democrat state Rep. Kerry Gauthier (56) dropped his re-election bid following reports of his sexual encounter with a 17-year-old boy.
    (SFC, 8/22/12, p.A6)
2012        Aug 22, In China students at Shanghai’s Sheshan Catholic seminary learned that classes would be suspended indefinitely.
    (Economist, 9/8/12, p.42)
2012        Aug 22, India's opposition vowed to block parliamentary proceedings until the prime minister resigned over a coal scandal, raising the prospect of more legislative deadlock and stalled reforms.
    (AFP, 8/22/12)
2012        Aug 22, In India up to one million public sector bank employees started a two-day nationwide strike, protesting against reforms they fear could lead to mergers and job losses.
    (AFP, 8/22/12)
2012        Aug 22, In southeast Kenya at least 52 people were killed in clashes over land between pastoral and farming communities. Another 50 were missing. Last week the Orma, a pastoralist community, attacked Pokomo farmers.   
    (AP, 8/22/12)(AP, 8/23/12)
2012        Aug 22, The 8-month old government of Kyrgyzstan collapsed as a coalition partner defected citing corruption and failure to turn the economy around. Kyrgyzstan ranked 164th out of 183 countries in Transparency International’s corruption perception index.
    (Economist, 9/1/12, p.41)
2012        Aug 22, Lebanese security sources said at least eight people have been killed in clashes between rival pro- and anti-Damascus gunmen in the city of Tripoli.
    (AFP, 8/22/12)
\2012        Aug 22, In Mexico adherents of a religious sect in western Mexico were physically blocking school teachers from entering their walled community, setting up one of the most high-profile confrontations between religious and civil authorities in Mexico since the 1930s. The New Jerusalem community prohibits formal schooling, television, radio, modern music, dress and fashion. The church does not recognize the sect, which was founded in 1973 by a renegade Catholic priest who objected to the abandonment of Latin masses and other modernization moves.
    (AP, 8/22/12)
2012        Aug 22, Moroccan police violently broke up a protest demanding more political freedoms and denouncing an annual ceremony honoring the king.
    (AP, 8/23/12)
    2012        Aug 22, Senegal and the African Union finalized a deal on how to try Hissene Habre, a former Chadian dictator, who is accused of ordering thousands of political opponents to be tortured or killed.
    (AP, 8/23/12)
2012        Aug 22, In South Sudan 24 soldiers were killed in clashes with a militia group that the southern government accuses of subverting a disarmament campaign. 12 soldiers remained missing in Jonglei State.
    (AP, 8/27/12)
2012        Aug 22, Syrian regime forces shelled two Damascus districts before troops backed by tanks swept through to carry out house-to-house raids in search of opposition fighters, killing at least 41 suspected rebels. The United States and France again pushed for the embattled Assad to stand down quickly after a top Syrian official said Damascus was ready to discuss his departure as part of a negotiated settlement to the 17-month conflict. Some 200 were killed across the country.
    (AP, 8/22/12)(AFP, 8/22/12)(AFP, 8/23/12)(Reuters, 8/23/12)
2012        Aug 22, Tajikistan government troops opened fire on a crowd protesting the unexplained killing of an influential local leader in Gorno-Badakhshan autonomous province. Hundreds had gathered in front of Khorog regional headquarters to demand an explanation for the overnight death of Imumnazar Imumnazarov, a former warlord during the country's civil war in the 1990s.
    (AP, 8/22/12)
2012        Aug 22, Togolese security forces clashed with protesters in the capital Lome for a second straight day, with officers firing tear gas on demonstrators who responded by throwing rocks and burning tires.
    (AFP, 8/22/12)

2012        Aug 23, The US Anti-Doping Agency said it will strip Lance Armstrong of his unprecedented seven Tour de France titles after he dropped his fight against drug charges that threatened his legacy as one of the greatest cyclists of all time.
    (AP, 8/24/12)
2012        Aug 23, In Illinois authorities in Washington Park, a village next to East St. Louis, raided a house where a teenage girl (17) had been held captive and repeatedly sexually assaulted for over 2 years. Police took into custody a 24-year-old man and his mother. They also recovered the teen's young child, which the girl said was the result of rape by her captor.
    (AP, 8/24/12)
2012        Aug 23, James Fogle, author of “Drugstore Cowboy," died in prison in Washington state. His autobiographical crime novel led to a 1989 film starring Matt Dillon.
    (SFC, 8/25/12, p.A5)
2012        Aug 23, In eastern Afghanistan insurgents kidnapped three Afghan soldiers and another man from a bus and killed all four in Paktia province. 6 civilians were killed when their vehicle hit a roadside bomb as they traveled in the southern province of Kandahar.
    (AP, 8/24/12)
2012        Aug 23, A Bahrain appeals court acquitted activist Nabeel Rajab (48), who had been sentenced to three months in jail for alleged insults issued via Twitter, but he must still serve a three-year term for taking part in protests.
    (AFP, 8/23/12)
2012        Aug 23, Chile's state-owned copper company Codelco and British firm Anglo American PLC settled their long-running conflict over control of a promising copper mine with a multi-billion dollar deal that includes major new Japanese investments in Chile.
    (AP, 8/23/12)
2012        Aug 23, A Cairo court ordered Islam Afifi, the chief editor of the privately-owned el-Dustour daily newspaper, detained pending trial on charges of insulting Egypt’s president and "spreading lies." Afifi was released from jail just hours later after Pres. Morsi issued a law banning the imprisonment of journalists accused of media-related offenses.
    (AP, 8/23/12)(AP, 8/24/12)
2012        Aug 23, In Germany more than 900 police officers raided homes and clubhouses of suspected neo-Nazis in a crackdown in North Rhine-Westphalia, seizing far-right propaganda material, computer hard drives and a wide variety of weapons.
    (AP, 8/23/12)
2012        Aug 23, A cholera epidemic in Guinea and Sierra Leone has left 250-300 people dead. 846 deaths were reported this year in the 14 countries of West and Central Africa. Sierra Leone's health ministry said that deaths from a cholera outbreak had reached 220.
    (SFC, 8/23/12, p.A5)(AFP, 8/23/12)
2012        Aug 23, Indian officials said heavy rains over the past two days have killed at least 27 people and left thousands homeless in western Rajasthan state.
    (AFP, 8/23/12)
2012        Aug 23, Israel's foreign ministry summoned South Africa's envoy to formally protest Pretoria's decision to place "Occupied Palestinian Territory" labels on goods from Jewish settlements.
    (AFP, 8/23/12)
2012        Aug 23, In Italy a gunman shot and killed Gaetano Marino (48), a boss from the Neapolitan Camorra, clad in a swimsuit as he walked from a beach to join his family at a hotel in a resort town south of Rome. Marino had lost both hands in an explosion while planting a bomb in the 1990s.
    (AP, 8/24/12)
2012        Aug 23, Jordan's Paralympic committee said it has withdrawn three members from a pre-Games training camp in Northern Ireland over charges of sex offences.
    (AFP, 8/23/12)
2012        Aug 23, Kenya's government said it will conduct a countrywide operation to disarm all communities with illegal weapons.
    (AP, 8/23/12)
2012        Aug 23, In Lebanon fresh fighting erupted in the northern city of Tripoli leaving one dead and two wounded, despite a truce to halt days of violence between pro- and anti-Damascus gunmen.
    (AFP, 8/23/12)
2012        Aug 23, A Libyan security official said a conflict between 2 armed tribes in Zlitan left 12 people dead and dozens injured.
    (SFC, 8/24/12, p.A2)
2012        Aug 23, In Mexico a falling out between the leaders of the hyper-violent Zetas cartel appears to have put the gang in the hands of Miguel Angel Trevino Morales. The brutal and feared gangster has been blamed for an eruption of bloodshed in the once relatively calm central states.
    (AP, 8/23/12)
2012        Aug 23, In Niger at least 44 people have been killed by severe flooding that has affected the country since mid-July, according to the UN's humanitarian affairs office.
    (AFP, 8/23/12)
2012        Aug 23, Pakistani officials said heavy monsoon rains that triggered flooding in the country's north have caused at least 26 deaths.
    (AP, 8/23/12)
2012        Aug 23, Philippine police said they arrested more than 350 people over a major telephone scam that swindled people out of millions of dollars in Taiwan and mainland China.
    (AFP, 8/23/12)
2012        Aug 23, In Slovenia a hot air balloon carrying 32 people, including children, was swept up in a storm and crashed in a fireball outside Ljubljana. 6 people died and 26 others were injured.
    (AP, 8/23/12)(AP, 2/26/13)
2012        Aug 23, Sri Lanka’s education minister shut down indefinitely the country’s state universities and institutes following recent strikes. Academics were angry that the country spent only 1.9% of GDP on schools and universities.
    (Economist, 9/1/12, p.43)
2012        Aug 23, In Sri Lanka the rusting 15,000-ton Thmothrmopolyseara, a Cyprus-flagged carrier, went down after remaining anchored outside a Colombo harbor since 2009 following a dispute over its cargo of steel. An oil slick from the vessel reached the coast of Colombo on Aug 25 and threatened a beach resort popular with foreign tourists.
    (AFP, 8/25/12)
2012        Aug 23, In Switzerland the Green Climate Fund, which aims to channel $100 billion a year in aid to poor countries, selected as leaders Zaheer Fakir, head of international relations for South Africa's environment agency, and Ewen McDonald, deputy head of Australia's international development agency.
    (AP, 8/23/12)
2012        Aug 23, Syrian military planes crossed into Iraqi airspace in order to carry out air strikes against the border town of Albu Kamal, which is held by rebel forces. Rebels waged fierce battles with regime troops in a town along the Iraqi border, capturing a string of security posts and the local police headquarters despite heavy government shelling and bombing runs by warplanes. The Syrian army recaptured Christian areas in Aleppo. Artillery and helicopters hammered the Sunni Muslim town of Daraya for 24 hours, killing 15 people and wounding 150, before soldiers moved in and raided houses. A total of 149 people were killed across the country, including 14 children.
    (AFP, 8/23/12)(AP, 8/23/12)(Reuters, 8/23/12)(AFP, 8/24/12)
2012        Aug 23, Turkish media reported that Kurdish rebels have ambushed a military convoy in the southeast, setting off clashes that killed 16 militants and five soldiers.
    (AFP, 8/23/12)

2012        Aug 24, In Alaska a hiker in Denali National Park photographed a grizzly bear for at least eight minutes before the bear mauled and killed him in the first fatal attack in the park's history.
    (AP, 8/25/12)
2012        Aug 24, In San Jose, Ca., Apple won more than $1 billion in a massive US court victory over Samsung, in one of the biggest patent cases in decades, a verdict that could have huge market repercussions. Samsung reacted by saying it will contest the US verdict.
    (AFP, 8/25/12)
2012        Aug 24, New Jersey mail carrier Christina Nunez was arrested for using her daily route to move cocaine packages on behalf of a drug trafficking organization based in Puerto Rico.
    (SFC, 8/29/12, p.A6)
2012        Aug 24, In NYC 9 people were wounded and two people were killed outside the Empire State Building after a disgruntled women's accessories designer named Jeffrey Johnson shot his 41 year-old former boss. The two dead include the gunman, who was shot and killed by police near the tourist entrance.
    (AP, 8/24/12)
2012        Aug 24, Greenpeace activists were first offered hot soup, then sprayed with blasts of cold water after they stormed a floating Russia oil platform and erected climbing tents on the side of the rig to protest drilling in the Arctic.
    (AP, 8/24/12)
2012        Aug 24, A NATO strike in Afghanistan's eastern Kunar province killed Mullah Dadullah, the self-proclaimed Taliban leader in Pakistan's Bajur tribal area. Pakistani intelligence officials said Dadullah and 19 others were killed in the attack.
    (AP, 8/25/12)
2012        Aug 24, Rupert Murdoch's British tabloid The Sun published nude photographs of Prince Harry (27), claiming it defied royal orders not to print them in defense of press freedom.
    (AFP, 8/24/12)
2012        Aug 24, In the Central African Republic a clash between a squad of Ugandan troops and the insurgents -- headed by Dominic Ongwen, one of three LRA commanders wanted by the International Criminal Court -- left 2 rebels dead.
    (AFP, 8/28/12)
2012        Aug 24, In northeast China 3 people were killed and five injured when an eight-lane bridge collapsed, only nine months after it opened in Harbin city.
    (AFP, 8/24/12)
2012        Aug 24, In Egypt some 200 hundred protesters rallied in Tahrir Square to denounce the country's Islamist president and his Muslim Brotherhood group.
    (AP, 8/24/12)
2012        Aug 24, Gambia executed nine convicted criminals. Amnesty International warned that dozens more on death-row were under imminent threat as the West African nation carries out its first death sentences in 27 years.
    (AFP, 8/25/12)
2012        Aug 24, In Iraq a mortar attack targeting Shiite worshippers killed three people in eastern Baghdad. Authorities were investigating whether attackers set off explosions that sparked an early morning fire at a nightclub that left six dead.
    (AP, 8/24/12)
2012        Aug 24, In Lebanon new clashes between pro- and anti-Syrian factions in Tripoli killed two people holing a fragile truce and stoking fears of a spillover of bloodshed.
    (AFP, 8/24/12)
2012        Aug 24, The Mexican Navy said federal police shot at a vehicle carrying two US government employees near Cuernavaca after the vehicle came under attack from unidentified gunmen. 2 US government employees were wounded after their vehicle drove into a rural, mountainous area outside the capital where the officers were looking for criminals. Officials from both countries called the incident and accident.
    (AP, 8/24/12)(SFC, 8/27/12, p.A2)
2012        Aug 24, In Myanmar Kachin rebels said China has pushed thousands of Kachin refugees from Yunnan province back across the border into a province wracked by fighting between government troops and ethnic guerillas.
    (AFP, 8/24/12)
2012        Aug 24, In New Zealand Hui "Leo" Gao, who fled to China after a bank mistakenly deposited millions of dollars into his account, was jailed for four years and seven months. His then-partner Kara Hurring was sentenced to nine months home detention in the same court and ordered to repay almost NZ$12,000 she had obtained using Gao's credit card. The court was told that NZ$3.8 million of the money had still not been recovered and Gao had provided no explanation about what happened to it.
    (AFP, 8/24/12)
2012        Aug 24, Nigerian military forces stormed the hideout of a militant gang operating on the waters of oil-producing Cross River State and rescued 28 oil workers working for a Chinese petroleum company. They had been abducted a day earlier.
    (AFP, 8/26/12)(AP, 8/27/12)
2012        Aug 24, A Norwegian court sentenced Anders Behring Breivik (33) to prison, denying prosecutors the insanity ruling they hoped would show that his June 22, 2011, massacre of 77 people was the work of a madman, not part of an anti-Muslim crusade.
    (AP, 8/24/12)
2012        Aug 24, In Pakistan US missiles slammed into three compounds in North Waziristan, killing 18 suspected militants. Foreign Ministry spokesman Moazzam Ahmad Khan called the attacks illegal, unproductive.
    (AFP, 8/24/12)
2012        Aug 24, A Russian court unexpectedly acquitted opposition leader and chess grandmaster Garry Kasparov of participating in an unauthorized rally.
    (AP, 8/24/12)
2012        Aug 24, Syrian forces blitzed areas in and around the northern city of Aleppo. At least 50 unidentified bodies were found shot dead in the last 24 hours, notably in Aleppo and Damascus. Prominent independent film producer Orwa Nyrabia went missing after going to Damascus airport to catch a flight to Cairo.
    (AFP, 8/24/12)(AFP, 8/25/12)
2012        Aug 24, Sierra Leone lawmakers passed a sexual offences law introducing stiff minimum sentences for offenders that has been hailed as a victory in a nation where sexual abuse is rife.
    (AFP, 8/24/12)
2012        Aug 24, In Thailand 300 inmates were pardoned including two imprisoned in 2010 for insulting the revered monarchy (lese majeste).
    (AFP, 8/24/12)

2012        Aug 25, In Nevada a single-engine Piper PA#32 crashed in South Lake Tahoe killing all 5 people onboard.
    (SFC, 8/28/12, p.C2)
2012        Aug 25, Neil Armstrong (b.1930), commander of Apollo 11 mission (1966) and first human to set foot on the moon (July 20, 1969), died. He left NASA in 1971, taught engineering at the University of Cincinnati, and later became chairman of electronic systems companies.
    (AP, 8/25/12)(SFC, 9/1/12, p.F3)
2012        Aug 25, Roger Fisher (90), American lawyer, teacher and peacemaker, died. His system of negotiation was outlined with William Ury in “Getting to Yes" (1981).
    (Economist, 9/15/12, p.86)
2012        Aug 25, In Bahrain a large crowd attacked a police station in the Shiite village of Sitra with petrol bombs, as sporadic protests intensify in the Sunni-ruled Shiite-majority Gulf state.
    (AFP, 8/26/12)
2012        Aug 25, Chinese police brought back 37 suspected Chinese gangsters from Angola. They had been arrested for alleged crimes against other Chinese.
    (SSFC, 8/26/12, p.A5)
2012        Aug 25, A boat carrying some 40 Egyptian migrants sank off the coast of Libya. Fisherman rescued 33 migrants but 7 remained missing.
    (AFP, 8/27/12)(AFP, 8/28/12)
2012        Aug 25, Egyptian security officials said military engineers have blocked 120 tunnels used for smuggling to and from the Gaza Strip since the start of operations in the neighboring Sinai Peninsula.
    (AFP, 8/25/12)
2012        Aug 25, In Germany a tiger escaped its enclosure at the Cologne Zoo and killed a female keeper (43) before being shot dead.
    (SSFC, 8/26/12, p.A5)
2012        Aug 25, Tropical Storm Isaac swept across Haiti's southern peninsula killing 8 people and another two in neighboring Dominican Republic.
    (AP, 8/25/12)(AP, 8/26/12)
2012        Aug 25, Honduras President Porfirio Lobo replaced the head of the Honduran air force, a day after a visit by Gen. Douglas Fraser, head of the U.S. Southern Command.
    (AP, 9/7/12)
2012        Aug 25, In northeast India 5 Muslims were murdered by an armed gang from the ethnic Bodo community in fresh violence, after more than a month of clashes.
    (AFP, 8/26/12)
2012        Aug 25, An Iranian helicopter of the Revolutionary Guards crashed in western Iran near the Iraqi border killing four Guards while on a mission in Sardasht border area, which is populated by Iran's Kurdish minority.
    (AFP, 8/25/12)
2012        Aug 25, In northern Iraq separate shootings in Mosul left three people dead, including a local councilor.
    (AFP, 8/25/12)
2012        Aug 25, In southern Ivory Coast a soldier and five assailants were killed when a military checkpoint came under attack.
    (AFP, 8/25/12)
2012        Aug 25, In eastern Lebanon armed men kidnapped a Kuwaiti. An official said there had been a number of kidnappings for ransom which are unrelated to political tensions.
    (AFP, 8/25/12)
2012        Aug 25, In Libya Islamist hardliners bulldozed part of a revered mausoleum in Tripoli. A day earlier hardliners blew up the mausoleum of Sheikh Abdessalem al-Asmar in Zliten, 160 km (100 miles) east of Tripoli.
    (AFP, 8/25/12)
2012        Aug 25, In Mali Mahamadou Diouara, the leader of a Malian youth militia against the Islamic occupation of the country's north, was "kidnapped" in Bamako.
    (AFP, 8/29/12)
2012        Aug 25, Myanmar officials said at least 85,000 people have fled their homes as the worst monsoon flooding in years submerged hundreds of thousands of acres of rice fields.
    (SSFC, 8/26/12, p.A5)
2012        Aug 25, The World Bank said it has signed on to help Senegal recover ill-gotten gains, as the country's new government questions members of the former regime for fraud.
    (AFP, 8/25/12)
2012        Aug 25, South Africa’s platinum giant Lonmin said nearly 60 percent of workers reported for duty at one of its two sets of shafts as it sought an accord to end a labor dispute that has claimed 44 lives.
    (AFP, 8/25/12)
2012        Aug 25, Sri Lanka's navy detained 98 would-be asylum-seekers making for Australia, the largest group since Canberra tightened restrictions on boatpeople headed to its shores.
    (AFP, 8/25/12)
2012        Aug 25, Syrian army forces launched arrest raids and clashed with rebels in the southwestern belt of Damascus. A full scale invasion on Daraya followed 5 days of shelling. At least 380 bodies were buried following the attack. Activists said security agents have arrested television actor Mohammed Omar Oso, who opposes the Damascus regime, as well as members of his family. At least 380 bodies were buried following the attack in Daraya.
    (AFP, 8/25/12)(AFP, 8/26/12)(AP, 8/26/12)(Economist, 9/1/12, p.49)
2012        Aug 25, Syrian rebels freed one of 11 Lebanese Shiite pilgrims they have been holding since May 22, in a move aiming to ease cross-border tensions.
    (AFP, 8/25/12)
2012        Aug 25, In Togo thousands of protesters marched without incident in the capital Lome after two days of rallies earlier in the week that saw clashes between demonstrators and police.
    (AFP, 8/25/12)
2012        Aug 25, Turkish warplanes bombed areas of northern Iraq in a bid to target rear bases of the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK).
    (AFP, 8/25/12)
2012        Aug 25, In Venezuela a huge explosion rocked the Amuay refinery in Los Taques, killing 42 people. It injured more than 150 and was the deadliest disaster in memory for the country's key oil industry. It took 3-days to extinguish the fire.
    (AP, 8/25/12)(AP, 8/26/12)(AP, 8/28/12)(Economist, 9/1/12, p.39)

2012        Aug 26, In Afghan insurgents attacked a large party in a Taliban-controlled area of Helmand province and beheaded 17 people. 10 Afghan soldiers were killed in an attack on a checkpoint in the south, and five were either kidnapped or joined their assailants. In Ghor province in the east, officials said three students were killed in what looked like a revenge killing by the family of a Taliban commander who died recently in an explosion.
    (AP, 8/27/12)
2012        Aug 26, Britain’s Scotland Yard arrested 96 people during the annual Children's Day of the Notting Hill Carnival, mainly for drug and public order offences as well as robbery and assault.
    (AFP, 8/28/12)
2012        Aug 26, Canadian health officials said eight people have died in a rare outbreak of Legionnaires' disease in the province of Quebec, having identified more than 100 cases of the dangerous strain of pneumonia since July.
    (Reuters, 8/27/12)
2012        Aug 26, In northern China a double-decker bus rammed into a tanker loaded with highly flammable methanol, causing both vehicles to burst into flames and killing 36 people close to the city of Yan'an in Shaanxi province. In the southwest 11 people were killed and another was seriously hurt when a van crashed into a truck Sichuan province.
    (AP, 8/26/12)(AP, 8/27/12)
2012        Aug 26, In Egypt Ibrahim Madhan, a suspected militant, was killed while riding a motorcycle in the Sinai Peninsula some 15 km (9 miles) from the Israeli border.
    (AP, 8/26/12)
2012        Aug 26, An Egyptian security official says Egypt has reopened its passenger terminal with the Gaza Strip and resumed normal operations there after nearly three weeks of disruption following a deadly attack on Egyptian soldiers by Islamic militants.
    (AP, 8/26/12)
2012        Aug 26, In India hundreds of Indian protesters angry at a controversial allocation of coal fields were baton charged by police and sprayed with tear gas during a demonstration in the capital New Delhi.
    (AFP, 8/26/12)
2012        Aug 26, In Indonesia a Sunni mob attack on Shiites in Sampang, East Java province, saw two men killed with sickles and dozens of homes torched.
    (AFP, 8/27/12)
2012        Aug 26, Iran opened a 120-nation gathering of self-described nonaligned nations with a slap at the UN Security Council and an appeal to rid the world of nuclear weapons even as Tehran faces Western suspicions that it is seeking its own atomic arms.
    (AP, 8/26/12)
2012        Aug 26, In Iraq gunmen with silenced weapons killed five people in two attacks in Baghdad.
    (AP, 8/26/12)
2012        Aug 26, Israeli authorities refused entry to about 100 pro-Palestinian activists, including 3 Americans, attempting to cross overland to the West Bank from Jordan.
    (AP, 8/26/12)
2012        Aug 26, In Japan Typhoon Bolaven, one of the most powerful typhoons in decades, hit Okinawa, with meteorologists warning it could bring record rain and wind to the southern region and waves of up to 13 meters (43 feet).
    (AFP, 8/26/12)
2012        Aug 26, In northwest Pakistan dozens of militants from Afghanistan attacked an anti-Taliban militia post in the Bajur tribal area for the third day, sparking fighting that killed one soldier and 20 militants. Locals and officials said thousands of people have fled North Waziristan in recent days, fearing a military offensive against Islamist militants.
    (AP, 8/26/12)(AFP, 8/26/12)
2012        Aug 26, In Russia members of the punk band Pussy Riot said two members have fled the country to avoid prosecution for a protest that sent 3 bandmates to prison.
    (SFC, 8/27/12, p.A2)
2012        Aug 26, Saudi authorities announced they had foiled a "terror" plot by elements suspected of links to Al-Qaeda, mostly Yemenis, and broken up two extremist cells in Riyadh and Jeddah.
    (AFP, 8/26/12)
2012        Aug 26, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said that 32 dead bodies were found in the streets of Daraya and they had been killed by "gunfire and summary executions."
    (AP, 8/26/12)
2012        Aug 26, In Togo women in the civil rights group "Let's Save Togo" said they will have a week long sex strike to demand the resignation of President Faure Gnassingbé.
    (AFP, 8/26/12)
2012        Aug 26, In Zimbabwe a consortium of wildlife ranchers said tens of thousands of animals face annihilation in a wave of land takeovers in the southeast after hunting permits and land were granted to 25 leaders of the ZANU-PF party in a black empowerment program.
    (AP, 8/26/12)

2012        Aug 27, NYC prosecutors said Democrat state Senator Shirley Huntley helped create a false paper trail to conceal that a nonprofit agency she had founded was a sham charity that allowed her nice and an aide pocket money rather than help poor parents navigate the city’s school system.
    (SFC, 8/28/12, p.A5)
2012        Aug 27, Share of Hertz Global Holdings Inc. and Dollar Thrifty rose after Hertz struck a deal to acquire Thrifty for about $2.6 billion.
    (SFC, 8/28/12, p.D2)
2012        Aug 27, The US FDA said it has approved a request by Gilead Sciences to sell a pill for new HIV patients that combines four of the company’s drugs into one. The Stribild therapy contains two new rugs and two previously approved compounds for the Truvada HIV medicine.
    (SFC, 8/29/12, p.D2)
2012        Aug 27, In Afghanistan 2 American soldiers were shot and killed by one of their Afghan colleagues in Laghman province. A NATO helicopter crashed in Logar province, but NATO said no one was killed.
    (AP, 8/27/12)(AP, 8/28/12)
2012        Aug 27, Greenpeace said in a statement that 14 activists have chained themselves to the anchor chain of the vessel which was carrying Gazprom's workers to the Prirazlomnaya platform in the Pechora Sea.
    (AP, 8/27/12)
2012        Aug 27, In China Tibetans Lobsang Kalsang (18), a Buddhist monk, and former monk Damchoek (17) died in hospital after setting themselves on fire in Aba town.
    (AFP, 8/28/12)
2012        Aug 27, In northwest China a commercial van slammed into a truck, killing nine people.
    (AP, 8/27/12)
2012        Aug 27, Curacao conservationists and residents said an extensive fuel spill has fouled a stretch of shoreline and oiled pink flamingos and other wildlife in a nature preserve on the tiny Dutch Caribbean island.
    (AP, 8/28/12)
2012        Aug 27, Iraqi officials said gunmen with silenced weapons killed army Brig. Gen. Abdul-Muhsen Khazal in the Sunni town of Taji. Two civilians died in separate attacks in Haditha and Mosul.
    (AP, 8/27/12)
2012        Aug 27, In Kenya deadly riots broke out in Kenya's main port of Mombasa after the assassination of a radical cleric linked to Somalia's Al-Qaeda-allied Shebab militants. Thousands of angry protestors took to the streets after Aboud Rogo Mohammed, who was on US and UN sanction lists for allegedly supporting the Shebab, was shot dead. One civilian was killed in the riots.
    (AFP, 8/27/12)(AP, 8/29/12)
2012        Aug 27, In Nigeria 10 people were killed in floods in Adamawa state following the release of water from a dam in Cameroon.
    (SFC, 8/27/12, p.A2)
2012        Aug 27, In southwestern Pakistan two gunmen riding a motorcycle opened fire on a car carrying Shiite Muslims in Quetta, killing three of them. In a separate incident, gunmen killed five Sunni Muslims in the town of Mach in Baluchistan. Fighting in Bajaur claimed the lives of 31 militants and two members of a government-backed peace committee.
    (AP, 8/27/12)(AFP, 8/31/12)
2012        Aug 27, Senegal’s President Macky Sall cut short his trip to South Africa, and was returning to Senegal where he had ordered a full emergency response after weekend torrential rain left 6 people dead.
    (AP, 8/27/12)
2012        Aug 27, In Somalia African Union forces seized the port city of Merca from rebels linked to al-Qaida. At least 5 children were killed and more than 10 others wounded in a blast in a school in Balad, after they played with explosives left over from fighting in the area.
    (AP, 8/27/12)(AFP, 8/27/12)
2012        Aug 27, In South Africa strikers threatened retaliation against non-strikers at the London-listed Lonmin mine where most of the 28,000-workforce did not show up for shift 11 days after the country's worst police violence since apartheid.
    (AFP, 8/27/12)

2012        Aug 27, A Syrian military helicopter caught fire and crashed after it was apparently hit during fighting between government forces and rebels in the capital Damascus. SANA reported that authorities released a total of 378 people detained for their participation in street protests. A car-bomb killed 12 mourners at a funeral for two regime supporters in the largely Druze and Christian Damascus suburb of Jaramana. Some 190 people were reported killed across Syria.
    (AP, 8/27/12)(AFP, 8/28/12)(Economist, 9/1/12, p.49)
2012        Aug 27, In Syria Czech Ambassador Eva Filipi, who has overseen US interests in Syria since the US embassy was closed in February, told a Czech television station that US reporter Austin Tice (31) has been "detained by government forces on the outskirts of Damascus. Tice last communicated with his colleagues on August 13, though he did not indicate how he planned to leave Syria.
    (AFP, 8/30/12)
2012        Aug 27, Tunisia extended the state of emergency in the country for another month ahead of the start of the new school year over fears of increased violence. This was the 8th extension following the popular uprising that overthrew long-ruling dictator Zine El Abidine Ben Ali a year and a half ago.
    (AP, 8/31/12)
2012        Aug 27, Uganda's Pres. Yoweri Museveni made his son, Col. Muhoozi Kainerugaba, a one-star general and appointed him commander of the country's special forces, leading some Ugandans to conclude that the son is being groomed to succeed his father.
    (AP, 8/27/12)

2012        Aug 28, US Republicans emphatically approved a toughly worded party platform at their national convention that would ban all abortions and gay marriages, reshape Medicare into a voucher-like program and cut taxes to energize the economy and create jobs.
    (AP, 8/29/12)
2012        Aug 28, Shulamith Firestone (b.1945), author of “The Dialectic of Sex: The Case For Feminist Revolution" (1970), was found dead at her Manhattan apartment.
    (SFC, 9/4/12, p.C4)
2012        Aug 28, Afghan authorities said a "massive" suicide truck bombing in Kandahar city killed four civilians and wounded the provincial police chief overnight.
    (AFP, 8/28/12)
2012        Aug 28, Belgium's highest court granted conditional early release to a convent to Michelle Martin, the accomplice and former wife of pedophile and child killer Marc Dutroux, even though she let two of his victims starve to death.
    (AP, 8/28/12)
2012        Aug 28, In Brazil construction of the $11 billion Belo Monte hydroelectric dam resumed hours after the country’s Supreme Court ordered work to resume.
    (SFC, 8/29/12, p.A2)
2012        Aug 28, In Dagestan Said Afandi (75) a powerful leader of a Sufi Muslim brotherhood was killed along with six other people, including an 11-year-old boy and a woman, in the central village of Chirkei after a bomber disguised as a pilgrim approached him in his house. Police the next day said that the bomber was Aminat Kurbanova, a 30-year-old resident of Makhachkala.
    (AP, 8/29/12)
2012        Aug 28, Egyptian Deputy Foreign Minister Ramzi Ezzeldin Ramzi formally gave Iran the rotating presidency of the 120-nation Non-Aligned Movement. Iran is currently hosting the weeklong gathering of the 51-year-old group, which ends Aug 31.
    (AP, 8/28/12)
2012        Aug 28, French sources said prosecutors have opened a murder enquiry into Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat's 2004 death near Paris following claims he may have died of polonium poisoning.
    (AFP, 8/29/12)
2012        Aug 28, Nine Israeli teenagers, eight of them minors, were charged with taking part in an Aug 17 violent hate attack on Palestinian Jamal Julani (17) from east Jerusalem that left him in critical condition.
    (AFP, 8/28/12)
2012        Aug 28, The government-linked Japan Bank for International Cooperation said it would purchase a 26% stake in the Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor Development Corp. (DMIC).
    (AFP, 8/28/12)
2012        Aug 28, In Kenya angry youths threw a grenade at a police truck, killing a prison officer and injuring 16 officers as riots rocked the port city of Mombasa for a 2nd day after the killing of a radical Islamist cleric. Two more officers died of their wounds the next day.
    (AFP, 8/28/12)(AP, 8/29/12)
2012        Aug 28, The Namibian Press Agency reported the discovery of large deposits of iron ore that are the first found in the mineral-rich southwest African country.
    (AP, 8/28/12)
2012        Aug 28, Nigeria's Finance Ministry said Nigeria will launch a $1 billion sovereign wealth fund in the coming months to invest some of the nation's oil revenue.
    (AP, 8/28/12)
2012        Aug 28, Nigerian soldiers shot dead a man in Maiduguri who was pushing a wheelbarrow that contained explosives. A witness said stray bullets from the shootout wounded a woman and killed a baby strapped to her back.
    (AP, 8/28/12)
2012        Aug 28, A Pakistani army operation began to repel Taliban militants who had crossed over from Kunar province in Afghanistan on Aug 24 and occupied the village of Batwar in the Bajaur tribal district. 15 troops went missing in the fight. A Taliban later in the week displayed the heads of 12 soldiers.
    (AP, 8/31/12)
2012        Aug 28, Russian opposition leader Boris Nemtsov said President Vladimir Putin is spending billions of taxpayers' rubles on 20 luxurious residences, 43 jets and four yachts. In a report titled “The Life of a Galley Slave," Nemtsov, a former deputy prime minister, estimated that the maintenance of Putin's residences, jets and cars alone costs $2.5 billion a year.
    (AP, 8/28/12)
2012        Aug 28, Russian opposition activist Taisiya Osipova was sentenced to eight years in prison in a review of her drug-related case —twice as long as prosecutors had requested in a ruling that drew immediate opposition outrage. A witness for the defense testified at her trial that he saw a police officer put the drugs in Osipova's apartment. She and her supporters have maintained that police planted four grams of heroin in her home in 2010 in revenge for her refusal to testify against her husband, Sergei Fomchenkov, also a senior figure in The Other Russia opposition movement.
    (AP, 8/28/12)
2012        Aug 28, The Russian presidential human rights council questioned the guilty verdict and two-year prison sentences against three members of punk provocateurs Pussy Riot. The council said in a statement that "criminal law was used to deal with actions which entail administrative liability only" in the case.
    (AP, 8/29/12)
2012        Aug 28, Typhoon Bolaven pounded South Korea with strong winds and heavy rain as it churned up rough seas that smashed two Chinese fishing ships into rocks, killing at least five fishermen and forcing the coast guard to perform a daring rescue for the survivors. At least 9 other people were killed and 10 were missing as the typhoon knocked out power to hundreds of thousands.
    (AP, 8/28/12)(AFP, 8/28/12)(SFC, 8/29/12, p.A2)
2012        Aug 28, In Spain the regional government of Catalonia said it needed a $6.3 billion government rescue.
    (Economist, 9/1/12, p.54)
2012        Aug 28, Syria's army pounded parts of the eastern belt of Damascus. At least 10 people were killed in the northwestern town of Kafr Nabal in Idlib province. 7 men were reported killed by government troops in the central province of Hama. A car bomb rocked the funeral of two government loyalists in a Damascus suburb killing 27 people. The number of deaths from a 5-day onslaught in Daraya was raised to 340. According to the Observatory violence today cost 189 lives: 143 civilians, 14 rebels and 32 soldiers.
    (AFP, 8/28/12)(AFP, 8/29/12)
2012        Aug 28, Pirates attacked a Greek oil tanker off the coast of Togo, taking control of its bridge and kidnapping 24 Russian sailors before escaping amid an exchange of gunfire with a naval patrol boat.
    (AP, 8/28/12)(SFC, 8/29/12, p.A2)

2012        Aug 29, A US military spokesman said a team of 200 US Marines has begun patrolling Guatemala's western coast this week in an unprecedented operation to beat drug traffickers in the Central America region.
    (AP, 8/29/12)
2012        Aug 29, NASA scientists reported the discovery of a solar system called Kepler 47 with 2 stars orbiting each other every 7.5 days. The system some 5,000 light-years away, was orbited by two planets.
    (SFC, 8/30/12, p.A9)
2012        Aug 29, In Afghanistan five Australian soldiers were killed, three when an Afghan soldier turned his gun on them inside a base in Uruzgan province and two from a helicopter crash. A rocket hit a civilian house in Logar province and killed one woman inside. A 12-year-old boy was kidnapped and killed in southern Kandahar province, his severed head placed near his body to send a warning to police.
    (AP, 8/30/12)(Reuters, 8/31/12)
2012        Aug 29, It was reported that Argentine authorities are planning to shoot seagulls in hopes of reducing their population following seagull attacks on southern right whales. Seagulls around the city of Puerto Madryn discovered about a decade ago that by pecking at the whales as they come up for air, they can create open wounds and feed on them.
    (AP, 8/29/12)
2012        Aug 29, An asylum-seeker boat heading for Australia disappeared off the Indonesian coast with 150 people aboard. Over the next 24 hours rescuers recovered 54 survivors, mostly males from Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 8/30/12)(AFP, 8/31/12)
2012        Aug 29, The British government stripped London Metropolitan University of its right to sponsor visas for overseas students over alleged failings in its procedures, leaving thousands of students facing possible deportation.
    (AFP, 8/30/12)
2012        Aug 29, Queen Elizabeth II officially opened the London Paralympic Games at a showpiece ceremony involving more than 3,000 volunteer and professional performers.
    (AFP, 8/30/12)
2012        Aug 29, In China 154 miners were working underground at the Xiaojiawan coal mine in the city of Panzhihua, Sichuan province, when a blast occurred. At least 43 people were killed and 3 remained trapped.
    (AFP, 9/1/12)
2012        Aug 29, The world's largest marine park, a vast swathe of ocean almost twice the size of France, was unveiled by the Cook Islands at the opening of the Pacific Islands Forum.
    (AFP, 8/30/12)
2012        Aug 29, The Egyptian military said that 11 "terrorists" have been killed in its campaign against Islamist militants in the Sinai peninsula. This contradicted earlier claims of having killed 20 militants in helicopter strikes.
    (AFP, 8/29/12)
2012        Aug 29, Egyptian prosecutors said they have charged Safwat el-Sherif, former Pres. Mubarak's minister of information for nearly two decades,  with corruption. An official said he had illegally appropriated villas, lands and apartments originally owned by the state and had also received gifts worth millions of Egyptian pounds from chief editors in the state media in return for keeping them in their positions.
    (AP, 8/29/12)
2012        Aug 29, At least 3 Georgian commandos and 11 militants from Dagestan were killed during an operation to free hostages held along Georgia's border with Russia.
    (AP, 8/29/12)
2012        Aug 29, India's Supreme Court confirmed the death sentence handed down to Mohammed Kasab, the lone surviving gunman from the 2008 Mumbai attacks in which 166 people were killed.
    (AFP, 8/29/12)
2012        Aug 29, An Indian court convicted Maya Kodnani, a former Gujarat state minister, and 31 others of murder during one of the worst massacres in religious riots in 2002.
    (AFP, 8/29/12)
2012        Aug 29, In Iraq attackers killed 2 military officers in Baghdad including Brig. Gen. Nadhum Tayeh. 3 policemen were killed in Kirkuk.
    (AP, 8/29/12)
2012        Aug 29, Israeli Interior Minister Eli Yishai warned that illegal immigrants from Sudan who do not leave the country by October 15 will be detained. Israel began expelling South Sudanese in June.
    (AFP, 8/29/12)
2012        Aug 29, Israeli troops fired warning shots into the air near the border in central Gaza. A 42-year-old Gazan woman was in critical condition after being shot in the area east of the central town of Deir al-Balah.
    (AFP, 8/29/12)
2012        Aug 29, Japan and North Korea held their first face-to-face talks in four years, in an attempt to lay the groundwork to overcome decades of mutual distrust.
    (AFP, 8/29/12)
2012        Aug 29, Japan's upper house slapped PM Yoshihiko Noda with a censure motion that effectively stalls parliament and heaps pressure on the premier to call snap elections.
    (AFP, 8/29/12)
2012        Aug 29, Jordanian PM Fayez Tarawneh said that Syrian refugees responsible for violence in a camp near the border will be deported. About 200 of 21,000 refugees went on a rampage the previous evening at Zaatari Camp to protest conditions there.
    (AP, 8/29/12)
2012        Aug 29, Mexico's Attorney General Marisela Morales says she has requested help from Interpol in arresting Tomas Yarrington, the former governor of Tamaulipas, for allegedly fomenting drug trafficking.
    (AP, 8/29/12)
2012        Aug 29, In Pakistan at least eight soldiers were killed in clashes after militants attacked a checkpost in South Waziristan.
    (AFP, 8/29/12)
2012        Aug 29, Somali pirates killed a Syrian hostage crew member and wounded another to protest a delayed ransom payment for the MV Orna, hijacked on Dec 20, 2010.
    (SSFC, 9/2/12, p.A9)
2012        Aug 29, Rebels in Sudan's South Kordofan state destroyed a military camp in Rashad, killing four soldiers after vowing to step up their efforts to overthrow the government.
    (AFP, 8/31/12)
2012        Aug 29, A Swaziland court convicted a South African man of high treason and terrorism over a botched bomb attack against King Mswati III. the court found Amos Mbedzi guilty of planning to plant the bomb at a bridge of the Lozitha Royal Palace in the commercial hub Manzini in 2008. The bomb exploded prematurely, but Mbedzi survived with serious injuries while two others in the car were killed.
    (AFP, 8/29/12)
2012        Aug 29, Swaziland reinstated over 200 teachers fired earlier in August for participating in a six-week long strike.
    (AFP, 8/29/12)
2012        Aug 29, Syrian rebels said they destroyed five helicopters in a raid on a military airport between the northern cities of Aleppo and Idlib. State television said the attack was repelled.
    (AFP, 8/29/12)
2012        Aug 29, Taiwan's former fire chief Huang Chi-min, hailed as a hero for leading rescue efforts during Typhoon Morakot in 2009, was arrested on corruption allegations.
    (AFP, 8/30/12)
2012        Aug 29, Ukraine's highest court upheld the guilty verdict against former PM Yulia Tymoshenko, who is in jail on abuse of office charges.
    (AP, 8/29/12)
2012        Aug 29, Vietnamese researchers said new species of fish with a penis on its head has been identified in the Mekong Delta.
    (AFP, 8/29/12)

2012        Aug 30, A federal court rejected a Texas law that would require voters to present photo IDs to election officials before being allowed to cast ballots in November.
    (AP, 8/30/12)
2012        Aug 30, In California Yosemite park officials closed 91 Curry Village tent cabins following 3 more cases of hantavirus, bringing the total number of cases to 6 cases, including 2 deaths. The cabins were apparently infested with deer mice, carriers of the disease. A 3rd death from the incurable disease was reported on Sep 6.
    (SFC, 8/31/12, p.A1)(SFC, 9/7/12, p.A18)
2012        Aug 30, Tropical depression Isaac hovered over Louisiana for a 3rd day with at least 2 deaths as it slowly moved inland.
    (SFC, 8/31/12, p.A8)
2012        Aug 30, In Afghanistan insurgent rockets killed five civilians while they were waiting on the side of a road for a bus in Logar province. A 6-year-old girl was beheaded in eastern Kapisa province.
    (AFP, 8/30/12)(Reuters, 8/31/12)
2012        Aug 30, In Algeria 9 AQIM members, including a chief named as Boubeker Zemmouri (29), were killed by soldiers over the last 24 hours in a special operation at Jebel Djerrah in the Beni Amrane area of Boumerdes province, 50 km (30 miles) east of Algiers. Another militant was reported killed in a village in the same area.
    (AFP, 9/1/12)
2012        Aug 30, The first day of competition at the London Paralympics got under way.
    (AFP, 8/30/12)
2012        Aug 30, Canadian officials said they have ordered the deportation of Kimberly Rivera (30), who fled the US military in Feb, 2007, to avoid returning to the war in Iraq.
    (SFC, 8/31/12, p.A2)
2012        Aug 30, Cambodia police arrested Gottfrid Svartholm Warg, a co-founder of The Pirate Bay file-sharing website following a request by Sweden. He faced a one-year prison term in Sweden for violating copyright laws.
    (SFC, 9/4/12, p.A2)
2012        Aug 30, Egypt’s Pres. Mohammed Morsi urged the world to support the rebels in Syria as he spoke in Tehran before an int’l. meeting of nonaligned nations.
    (SFC, 8/31/12, p.A3)
2012        Aug 30, Rights group Reporters Without Borders said 3 journalists jailed since late 2001 have died in prison in Eritrea, the world's worst country for press freedom. Dawit Habtemichael, Mattewos Habteab and Wedi Itay were reported to have died by former prison guards who have since fled the secretive.
    (AFP, 8/30/12)
2012        Aug 30, In India 9 air force personnel were killed when two Russian-designed military helicopters apparently collided in mid-air in the western state of Gujarat.
    (AFP, 8/30/12)
2012        Aug 30, Indonesian fishermen found 50 Sri Lankan asylum seekers, who were trying to reach Australia, on a boat with a broken engine and brought them ashore.
    (AFP, 9/1/12)
2012        Aug 30, The Maldives Commission of National Inquiry (CoNI), consisting of four nationals named by political parties and a Singaporean judge nominated by the Commonwealth, found the February change of president was "legal and constitutional." The judgment promptly rejected by Mohamed Nasheed’s party, which vowed to keep up protests to press for early elections.
    (AFP, 8/30/12)
2012        Aug 30, Mexico's old ruling PRI party cleared the last hurdle in regaining the presidency it held for 71 years, after the country's highest electoral court dismissed legal challenges brought by a leftist opponent trying to overturn the July 1 election.
    (AP, 8/31/12)
2012        Aug 30, It was reported that a leak of personal data of more than 60 past and current employees of Nigeria's State Security Service remained easily accessible on the Internet for days and had details about the agency's director-general, including his mobile phone number, bank account particulars and contact information for his son.
    (AP, 8/30/12)
2012        Aug 30, Palestinian religious authorities announced sweeping reforms of divorce laws making it easier for a woman to end her marriage. The changes would no apply in Gaza.
    (SFC, 9/1/12, p.A3)
2012        Aug 30, Russia officials said the bodies of two slain women were found beneath a scrawled message demanding freedom for the jailed members of the Pussy Riot band. Russia's Investigative Committee said the women, aged 76 and 38, were killed late last week in their apartment in the central city of Kazan with the words "Free Pussy Riot" written on the wall in English, "presumably" with blood. Police detained Igor Danilevsky, a 38-year-old university professor. Investigators said Danilevsky wrote "Free Pussy Riot" because he wanted the deaths of the 38-year-old woman he dated and her mother, 76, to appear as if they were a "ritual killing."
    (AP, 8/30/12)(AP, 8/31/12)
2012        Aug 30, In South Africa about 270 miners were charged with the murders of 34 striking colleagues who were shot by South African police officers. The decision to charge the miners came under an arcane Roman-Dutch common purpose law used under the apartheid regime. It suggested Pres. Jacob Zuma's government wants to shift blame for the killings from police to the striking miners.
    (AFP, 8/30/12)
2012        Aug 30, In South Africa three crates of "more than 5,000 rounds of ammunitions" of various sizes were found concealed under a wooden floor beneath the pulpit of a Dutch Reformed Church in the town of Schweizer-Reneke.
    (AFP, 9/1/12)
2012        Aug 30, Swiss authorities said a self-styled healer has been indicted by a Swiss court on charges that he intentionally infected 16 people with HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, in cases (2001-2005) going back more than a decade.
    (AP, 8/30/12)
2012        Aug 30, Syrian rebels reportedly shot down a regime warplane over the northern province of Idlib.
    (AP, 8/30/12)

2012        Aug 31, The US Fish and Wildlife announced the end of protections for wolves in most of Wyoming. Protections remained in some areas such as Yellowstone National Park.
    (SFC, 9/1/12, p.A4)
2012        Aug 31, In New Jersey ex-Marine Terence Tyler (23) opened fire with a hand gun and an assault rifle at a supermarket in Old Bridge Township and killed 2 co-workers before killing himself.
    (SFC, 9/1/12, p.A1)
2012        Aug 31, The Ohio state Dept. of Health said a woman’s death this week was related to H3N2v, a new strain of swine flu. 12 new cases were reported in the US during the week.
    (SFC, 9/1/12, p.A4)
2012        Aug 31, Afghan officials said that a 16-year-old boy accused by the Taliban of spying for the government was beheaded and skinned in late July.
    (Reuters, 8/31/12)
2012        Aug 31, Angola held its 2nd general election in 20 years. The ruling party was expected to easily hang onto power despite accusations it is corrupt and has mismanaged the country’s oil and diamond riches. President Jose Eduardo dos Santos' ruling party won 72 percent of the national vote assuring his government, in power for 32 years, another five years in power. The electoral commission later said 40 percent of voters abstained.
    (AP, 8/31/12)(AP, 9/3/12)(AP, 9/4/12)
2012        Aug 31, Argentina tightened its grip on credit card purchases in an effort to stem capital flight and tax evasion. One measure added a 15 percent tax every time people make a purchase outside Argentina using a peso-denominated credit card. Another required card-issuers to report every purchase to the government.
    (AP, 8/31/12)
2012        Aug 31, Armenia broke off diplomatic ties with Hungary after an Azerbaijani military officer sentenced to life in prison here for killing an Armenian officer was sent back to his homeland and, despite assurances, immediately pardoned and freed. Lt. Ramil Safarov (35) was given a life sentence in 2006 by the Budapest City Court after he confessed to killing Lt. Gurgen Markarian of Armenia while both were in Hungary for a 2004 NATO language course.
    (AP, 9/1/12)
2012        Aug 31, In London self-exiled tycoon Boris Berezovsky (64) lost his multibillion-dollar legal battle against fellow Russian mogul Roman Abramovich (45) after a British judge ruled that he didn't tell the truth in the clash over vast oil wealth.
    (AP, 8/31/12)
2012        Aug 31, Cameroon’s state-run broadcasting reported that at least 14 people are confirmed dead and over 22,000 other affected by flood waters in the Far-North and North Regions. Prolonged rainfall combined with the release of water by the Lagdo hydroelectricity dam caused the Benoue River to burst its banks into nearby residential areas.
    (AP, 8/31/12)
2012        Aug 31, Chinese dissident Wang Xiaoning (62), convicted based on evidence provided by US Internet giant Yahoo!, was released from prison after serving a 10-year term for subversion.
    (AFP, 8/31/12)
2012        Aug 31, Egyptian police found the decapitated head in Sinai of Manazil Bereikat, kidnapped by Islamist militants, reportedly for his role in assassinating an extremist. He was from the same tribe of Ibrahim Ouda Bereikat, an extremist killed in a mysterious explosion near the Israeli border on August 26.
    (AFP, 8/31/12)
2012        Aug 31, In Germany Lufthansa flight attendants walked off the job for eight hours at Frankfurt airport, causing the cancellation of more than 220 flights. Their union warned of more stoppages unless the airline gives in to its demands.
    (AP, 8/31/12)
2012        Aug 31, In Germany Grunenthal chief executive Harald Stock  said in a speech that his company, the maker of thalidomide, was "very sorry" for its silence towards the victims of the drug, which was sold to pregnant women as a cure for morning sickness in the 1950s and early 1960s. An estimated 10,000 children worldwide were born with defects -- including missing limbs. It was pulled from the market in 1961.
    (AFP, 8/31/12)
2012        Aug 31, In Guinea a flat-bottomed boat used by fishermen and for transport, capsized a few minutes after setting off for Kassa Island, several km (miles) from the capital Conakry. About 30 people were believed drowned after the overloaded boat sank. 27 survived.
    (AFP, 9/1/12)
2012        Aug 31, Indian gangster-politician Arun Gawli, who rose from the working classes to be called "daddy" by his adoring followers, was sentenced to life imprisonment for murdering a local rival in 2008. A court earlier this week found Gawli and 10 others guilty of killing right-wing Hindu politician Kamlakar Jamsandekar four years ago in India's financial capital.
    (AFP, 8/31/12)
2012        Aug 31, Indonesian fishermen rescued 43 starving, dehydrated Sri Lankans who had been adrift in a boat for nine days after their engine broke down while trying to reach Australia to seek asylum.
    (AP, 8/31/12)
2012        Aug 31, In Indonesia 2 suspected militants were killed in a shootout with police in central Java’s Solo town. The shooting also left one officer dead. Police were attempting to capture a group responsible for the death of a policeman a day earlier.
    (SSFC, 9/2/12, p.A7)
2012        Aug 31, Iran’s sole reactor at the country's Bushehr nuclear power plant reached full capacity.
    (AP, 9/1/12)
2012        Aug 31, An Iranian opposition organization said that a final convoy of 680 of its members will leave Camp Ashraf on September 12 for the new Hurriya transit center near Baghdad.
    (AFP, 9/1/12)
2012        Aug 31, In Iraq gunmen shot dead four Shiite worshippers in three separate attacks in Baghdad.
    (AP, 8/31/12)
2012        Aug 31, In northern Mali a man accused of rape in received 100 lashes, as the Islamists controlling the city continue to mete out punishments under Shariah law. He was identified as a Burkina Faso citizen named Boubacar El-Bourkinabiyoune.
    (AP, 8/31/12)
2012        Aug 31, Mexico’s highest electoral court declared Enrique Pena president. Leftist presidential candidate Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador said that he is refusing to recognize the results of the presidential election.
    (AP, 8/31/12)(SFC, 9/1/12, p.A2)
2012        Aug 31, Mexico extradited Eduardo Arellano Felix (55), the top advisor to his brother’s Tijuana-based drug cartel, to the US.
    (SFC, 9/1/12, p.A9)
2012        Aug 31, Mozambican police killed Orquilio Nhassengo, the suspected kingpin of a kidnapping ring that has targeted wealthy Muslims in Maputo, during a raid in which six were also arrested.
    (AFP, 9/4/12)
2012        Aug 31, Niger emergency officials said that 52 people have died after heavy rains caused rivers to overflow and buildings to crumble.
    (AP, 8/31/12)
2012        Aug 31, In northern Nigeria 2 speeding buses collided head-on and burst into flames killing at least 29 people and injuring 16 others in Yobe state.
    (AFP, 8/31/12)
2012        Aug 31, In northwestern Pakistan a car bomb exploded in a market, killing at least 11 people in Mattani bazaar near the city of Peshawar.
    (AP, 8/31/12)
2012        Aug 31, A 7.6-magnitude quake struck off the eastern coast of the Philippines, killing at least one person in a house collapse, knocking out power in several towns and generating negligible tsunami surges.
    (AP, 8/31/12)
2012        Aug 31, Rwanda announced it was pulling out 280 of its soldiers from eastern Democratic Republic of Congo, where they had been working with DR Congo troops fighting rebel militia there.
    (AFP, 8/31/12)
2012        Aug 31, Spain’s FROB, a bank rescue fund set up to help the deeply troubled financial sector, said it will immediately inject financial aid into Bankia after the troubled lender announced losses of €4.4 billion ($5.6 billion) in the first half of the year.
    (AP, 8/31/12)
2012        Aug 31, Syrian rebels said they have begun a major operation in the Aleppo region. According to the Observatory there were 125 people killed in violence nationwide including 74 civilians, 29 soldiers and 22 rebels.
    (AP, 8/31/12)(AFP, 9/1/12)
2012        Aug 31, Syrian troops fired at least 25 shells overnight striking a Lebanese Christian village on the northern border, wounding one person and causing damage.
    (AFP, 8/31/12)
2012        Aug 31, In Thailand militants in the Muslim-majority south carried out a wave of coordinated attacks, wounding several soldiers and hoisting the Malaysian flag across the restive region.
    (AFP, 8/31/12)
2012        Aug 31, In eastern Yemen a suspected US drone airstrike hit a vehicle carrying suspected militants traveling in Hadramawt, killing eight in the third such strike this week. Khaled Batis, wanted in connection with the attack on the Limburg off the coast of Yemen that killed one person, was among five militants riding a vehicle struck by a drone.
    (AP, 8/31/12)(AFP, 9/2/12)

2012        Aug, NASA’s Voyager 1 probe, launched in 1977, entered interstellar space.
    (SFC, 9/13/13, p.A1)
2012        Aug, In Richmond, Ca., a young woman escaped from the home of Raul Ochoa, who had held and sexually assaulted her since she was 12 years old. On Jan 29, 2014, Ochoa (52) pleaded guilty to forced lewd acts and forcible rape on the victim (28).
    (SFC, 2/1/14, p.C2)
2012        Aug, In Aurora, Colorado, an Ethiopian identified as Kefelegn Alemu Worku was arrested for torturing political prisoners decades ago in his home country. He was spotted by happenstance and confronted in May 2011 in a suburban Denver restaurant by a former prisoner who recognized him as a guard at Higher 15, a detention center established during the late 1970s in a campaign known as the Red Terror.
    (AP, 9/4/12)
2012        Aug, France launched its latest campaign to drive Gypsies from their camps.
    (AP, 8/15/12)
2012        Aug, Yao Ming, former basketball star and a goodwill ambassador to WildAid, a nonprofit dedicated to ending illegal wildlife trading, took a trip to Kenya, where he spent several days interacting with wildlife officials and seeing some of the effects of poaching. Ming accepted to work as an ambassador for elephant conservationists hoping to convice the Chinese public not to buy trinkets from African ivory.
    (Econ, 11/3/12, p.48)(http://tinyurl.com/au6uxs5)
2012        Aug, Laos won approval to joing the World Trade Organization (WTO).
    (Econ, 11/10/12, p.71)
2012        Aug, In Yemen 3 militants were killed in a US drone strike. Sheik Salem Ahmed bin Ali Jaber, who  preached in his village of Khashamir on the evils of al-Qaida, was also killed along with his cousin in the attack.
    (AP, 5/2/13)

2012        Sep 1, In Iowa a pilot was killed at an air show in Davenport after his Soviet Cold War era jet crashed into a nearby field.
    (abcNEWS, 9/2/12)
2012        Sep 1, It was reported that drought-related home damage has been found in 40 of the 48 contiguous US states and that experts said damage could exceed $1 billion.
    (SFC, 9/1/12, p.F1)
2012        Sep 1, American lyricist Hal David (91) died in Los Angeles. He worked with composer Burt Bacharach on numerous top 40 hits.
    (SSFC, 9/2/12, p.D11)
2012        Sep 1, In eastern Afghanistan 2 suicide attackers, one driving a fuel tanker, blew themselves up near a US base, killing at least 12 people in Wardak province. The dead included 8 civilians and 4 Afghan police. 2 US soldiers were killed in Ghazni province.
    (AP, 9/1/12)
2012        Sep 1, Chad warned that flooding of vast fields of crops and locust infestations had added to a severe food crisis in a country already battling chronic malnutrition.
    (AFP, 9/1/12)
2012        Sep 1, Egyptian authorities arrested Hamada Abou Shita, a militant wanted for his alleged role in planning and carrying out deadly attacks last year on a police station and a bank in the Sinai Peninsula. A court sentenced Abu Shita to death in absentia on Aug. 14 for his alleged part in the 2011 attacks.
    (AP, 9/1/12)
2012        Sep 1, Iran and North Korea signed a scientific and technological cooperation agreement, bringing the two nations deeply at odds with the US closer together.
    (AP, 9/1/12)
2012        Sep 1, Israel launched airstrikes at training camps in the Gaza Strip wounding 2 Palestinians.
    (AFP, 9/1/12)
2012        Sep 1, Jordan and the UN's refugee agency issued an urgent call to international donors for $700 million to handle the rapidly rising number of Syrian refugees seeking safe haven in the country.
    (AP, 9/1/12)
2012        Sep 1, In Mali Islamist extremist rebels seized control of Douentza, 190 km (120 miles) north of Mopti, a central town held by the Mali army.
    (AP, 9/1/12)
2012        Sep 1, In Pakistan US drones fired a barrage of missiles at a vehicle and a house in North Waziristan, killing at least five suspected militants. A group of gunmen on motorcycles in the southwestern province of Baluchistan killed seven Muslims of the Shiite Hazara community.
    (AP, 9/1/12)
2012        Sep 1, Somalia's Al-Qaeda-linked Shebab militants put on show the bodies of four "enemy" soldiers (2 Somalis and 2 Kenyans) killed in combat in Kismayo, southern Somalia.
    (AFP, 9/1/12)
2012        Sep 1, Syrian rebels launched deadly attacks on the military in a campaign increasingly targeting its air power. 18 unidentified bodies were found in the Damascus area. Summary executions by both sides in the conflict were on the increase. State media said that a "terrorist" group had killed five members of a family in the central Marjeh district of Aleppo. In Idlib province rebels attacked an army roadblock in the Harem district, killing or wounding 9 soldiers. In Hama province rebels killed at least four soldiers in a similar attack. A car bomb near a Palestinian refugee camp in a suburb of Damascus killed at least 15 people.
    (AFP, 9/1/12)(AP, 9/2/12)

2012        Sep 2, In Saratoga, Ca., Audrie Pott (15) went to a house party, where she drank and passed out. Teenage boys took advantage of her and took pictures, which were posted on Facebook. Eight days after the attack she hanged herself in shame. On April 11, 2013, police arrested 3 boys in connection with her death.
    (SFC, 4/13/13, p.A1)
2012        Sep 2, In New Jersey Osvaldo Rivera (31) stabbed to death Dominick Andujor (6) and wounded his sister (12). Police said Rivera was high on PVP-laced marijuana.
    (SFC, 9/4/12, p.A5)
2012        Sep 2, Algerian customs officials said nearly four tons of cannabis with a street value of around 1.6 million euros ($2 million) have been seized near border with Morocco.
    (AFP, 9/2/12)
2012        Sep 2, A wildlife rescue organization said 13 whales have died following a mass stranding off the Scottish coast. British Divers and Marine Life Rescue said that the mammals were among a group of 26 pilot whales stranded at Pittenweem in eastern Scotland.
    (AP, 9/2/12)
2012        Sep 2, Egypt's state TV lifted a decades-long ban on veiled female news presenters whom successive secular-leaning regimes have barred from going on air.
    (AP, 9/2/12)
2012        Sep 2, In Iraq two bomb attacks against security forces killed four people including two policemen and two soldiers in Tuz Khurmatu and the northern city of Kirkuk.
    (AFP, 9/4/12)
2012        Sep 2, Israel completed evacuation of the large unauthorized West Bank settlement of Migron, culminating years of legal wrangling.
    (AP, 9/2/12)
2012        Sep 2, In Gaza Ehab Abu al-Nada (17) died four days after setting himself alight in desperation over financial problems.
    (AFP, 9/3/12)
2012        Sep 2, South Africa's top public prosecutor said that controversial murder charges against 270 miners for the killing of fellow workers shot dead by police, will be provisionally dropped.
    (AFP, 9/2/12)
2012        Sep 2, In Syria 2 bombs exploded near the military's joint chiefs of staff's offices in central Damascus, lightly wounding four army officers and causing damage to a building and cars.
    (AP, 9/2/12)
2012        Sep 2, In south Yemen pro-government militias killed two suspected members of Al-Qaeda, a Pakistani and a Somali, in a raid on their hideout.
    (AFP, 9/2/12)

2012        Sep 3, Democrats unveiled a party platform at their national convention in Charlotte, North Carolina, that echoes President Barack Obama's call for higher taxes on wealthier Americans while backing same-sex marriage and abortion rights.
    (AP, 9/3/12)
2012        Sep 3, In Minnesota the Black Bear Casino Resort near Carlton cooked up a world-record bacon cheeseburger that's 10 feet in diameter and weighed a record 2,014 pounds. It included 60 pounds of bacon, 50 pounds of lettuce, 50 pounds of sliced onions, 40 pounds of pickles and 40 pounds of cheese.
    (AFP, 9/4/12)
2012        Sep 3, Valero Energy Corp. announced that it will convert its shuttered oil refinery on the southern Caribbean island of Aruba into a fuel storage facility, leaving hundreds of employees jockeying for positions at the downsizing operation.
    (AP, 9/3/12)
2012        Sep 3, African-American actor Michael Clarke Duncan (b.1957) died in Los Angeles, where he was being treated for a heart attack. His dozens of films included an Oscar-nominated performance as a death row inmate in "The Green Mile" and such other box office hits as "Armageddon," ''Planet of the Apes" and "Kung Fu Panda."
    (AP, 9/3/12)(SFC, 9/4/12, p.A7)
2012        Sep 3, In Afghanistan the international military coalition said one of its service members has died in a bomb attack.
    (AP, 9/3/12)
2012        Sep 3, Algeria's water resources minister, Abdelmalek Sellal, was named prime minister by President Abdelaziz Bouteflika.
    (AFP, 9/3/12)
2012        Sep 3, Argentina's tax agency imposed more rules on purchases outside the country.
    (AP, 9/3/12)
2012        Sep 3, In Burundi Aloys Nzabampema, ex-leader of the former rebel National Liberation Forces, claimed responsibility for a weekend attack near the capital and announced the creation of a new FNL faction.
    (AFP, 9/3/12)
2012        Sep 3, CAR officials said that Gen. Baba Ladde, a rebel leader from Chad known by his nickname "The Father of the Bush," has turned himself in to authorities in the capital of the Central African Republic.
    (AP, 9/3/12)
2012        Sep 3, In Colombia Griselda Blanco (69), a convicted drug trafficker who was once known as the "Godmother" and the "Queen of Cocaine," was shot to death by an unidentified gunman at a butcher shop in Medellin.
    (AP, 9/4/12)
2012        Sep 3, Cuba raised import duties on cargo shipments, as well as on many bulk goods brought in by airline passengers. The steep hike in customs duties took effect, catching many air travelers unaware and leaving some shocked at the new fees.
    (AP, 9/3/12)
2012        Sep 3, A Hong Kong-owned company, National Electric Vehicle Sweden (NEVS), said it has completed the acquisition of bankrupt car maker Saab and will move ahead with its business plan to make electric cars under the Swedish brand.
    (AP, 9/3/12)
2012        Sep 3, In Lebanon a smoking ban in all closed public spaces, including coffee shops, restaurants and bars, went into force under new legislation that promises hefty fines for lawbreakers.
    (AFP, 9/3/12)
2012        Sep 3, Madagascar officials said villagers have killed nearly 100 cattle thieves in a wave of weekend attacks in southern areas of the Indian Ocean island plagued by rustling.
    (AFP, 9/3/12)
2012        Sep 3, Police in Northern Ireland fired plastic bullets and water cannon on rioters late today in a second night of sectarian clashes between Catholics and Protestants. 47 officers were injured in the overnight clashes.
    (Reuters, 9/4/12)(SFC, 9/4/12, p.A2)
2012        Sep 3, In Pakistan a suicide car bomber rammed a US consulate vehicle in Peshawar, killing at least two people in the deadliest attack targeting Americans in the country in more than two years.
    (AFP, 9/3/12)
2012        Sep 3, South African police and security guards fired rubber bullets and tear gas at sacked gold miners who were attacking colleagues to block them from working. Police said four people were wounded at the Gold Fields mine that used to be partially owned by the president's nephew. Lonmin warned that a nearly four week strike at its mine was threatening 40,000 jobs, as the government moved to calm jitters in the sector.
    (AFP, 9/3/12)
2012        Sep 3, South Korean Unification Church patriarch Sun Myung Moon (92) died near his home in Gapyeong County.
    (AP, 9/3/12)
2012        Sep 3, In Syria Government warplanes bombed the northern town of al-Bab killing at least 19 people.
    (AP, 9/3/12)
2012        Sep 3, Tanzania journalist Daudi Mwangosi of Channel Ten TV was reported killed in a confrontation with police who were clashing with rallying supporters of the country's biggest opposition party.
    (AP, 9/3/12)
2012        Sep 3, In Thailand Vorayuth Yoovidhya (27), a grandson of the creator of the Red Bull energy drink, was arrested for driving a Ferrari that struck a police officer and dragged his dead body down a Bangkok street in an early-morning hit-and-run.
    (AFP, 9/3/12)

2012        Sep 4, In California CHP Officer Kenyon Youngstrom was shot by Christopher Boone Lacy (36) during a traffic stop on I-680 near Alamo. Lacy was shot a killed by another officer. Youngstrom died of his wounds the next day.
    (SFC, 9/6/12, p.A1,13)
2012        Sep 4, A US federal judge ordered Massachusetts’ state prison officials to provide a taxpayer-funded sex-reassignment surgery to Robert Kosilek, a transgender inmate serving life in prison for the murder of his wife in 1990.
    (AP, 9/4/12)
2012        Sep 4, US fast food giant McDonald's, famed for its beef-based Big Mac burgers, said it will open its first ever vegetarian-only restaurant in the world in India next year.
    (AFP, 9/4/12)
2012        Sep 4, American  activist Michael Strong signed an agreement for a small project to create jobs and cheap housing in Honduras. This outmaneuvered plans by Paul Romer, an economist at New York Univ., for a larger int’l. project to build a charter city in Honduras.
    (Economist, 10/6/12, p.71)
2012        Sep 4, In eastern Afghanistan a suicide bomber killed at least 25 civilians and wounded another 30 at a funeral for a village elder in the village of Shagai in the Durbaba district of Nangarhar province.
    (AP, 9/4/12)
2012        Sep 4, In Canada Quebec’s ruling Liberals were defeated in a provincial election after nine years in power. Parti Quebecois leader Pauline Marois became Quebec’s first female premier as she replaced Premier Jean Charest. He had held the seat since November 1998. The left-leaning Parti Quebecois (PQ) captured only 54 of the 125 seats in the legislature.
    (Reuters, 9/4/12)(Reuters, 9/5/12)
2012        Sep 4, In Canada Richard Henry Bain (62) entered a theater and shot two people where Pauline Marois, leader of the Parti Quebecois, was speaking on behalf of the party’s narrow election victory. One of the victims died. Bain also set fire to the building and was soon arrested.
    (Economist, 9/8/12, p.35)
2012        Sep 4, Colombia’s President Juan Manuel Santos announced an accord with the peasant-based FARC to seek "a definitive peace." The pact, signed Aug. 27 after six months of secret exploratory talks in Cuba, called for talks to begin in Norway the first half of October, then return to Havana.
    (AP, 9/5/12)
2012        Sep 4, Congo and China signed accords worth 975 million euros as part of a project to rebuild parts of the capital Brazzaville devastated by a deadly munitions depot blast in early March.
    (AFP, 9/4/12)
2012        Sep 4, The World Health Organization said the number of people with Ebola, a rare haemorrhagic disease, in northeastern Democratic Republic of Congo has tripled since mid-August, after 14 patients died in two weeks.
    (AFP, 9/4/12)
2012        Sep 4, The foreign ministers of Germany and Pakistan signed an agreement in which the two countries committed to a "strategic dialogue" on security issues, particularly regarding Afghanistan.
    (AP, 9/4/12)
2012        Sep 4, Volkswagen AG unveiled the latest version of its mainstay Golf hatchback at a Berlin museum, ahead of its premiere later this month at the Paris Auto Show. This was the 7th edition of the model introduced in 1974.
    (AP, 9/4/12)
2012        Sep 4, Guinea’s minister in charge of national defense said that an arms shipment was intercepted around a month ago at the port of Conakry. Abdoul Kabele Camara said the arms appear to have been ordered by Mali's ex-President Amadou Toumani Toure, known by his initials "ATT," who was ousted in a coup in March. Representatives from the West African regional bloc ECOWAS were meeting with the government of Guinea in order to decide what to do with a container of arms.
    (AP, 9/4/12)
2012        Sep 4, Indian Defense Minister A.K. Antony announced that joint military exercises between India and China will be resumed after a four-year gap, after talks in New Delhi with his Beijing counterpart.
    (AFP, 9/4/12)
2012        Sep 4, Indian police opened a probe into five coal companies after raiding premises across the country over the alleged misallocation of lucrative mining rights.
    (AFP, 9/4/12)
2012        Sep 4, Indonesia's justice minister said that his country would extradite Sayed Abbas, an Afghan-born human trafficking kingpin, to Australia next year. He was suspected of having arranged the voyage of a vessel that sank in December, killing some 200 Australia-bound asylum seekers.
    (AFP, 9/4/12)
2012        Sep 4, In northern Iraq bombings and shootings, mostly targeting security forces, left eight people dead, including six soldiers and a police general.
    (AFP, 9/4/12)
2012        Sep 4, A Jordanian teenager (17) stabbed to death Cheryll Harvey (55), a Texas missionary living in the kingdom, during an argument that broke out when she caught him stealing from her apartment.
    (AP, 9/7/12)
2012        Sep 4, The Kenyan Navy said it has shelled Somalia's port town of Kismayo, the remaining significant stronghold of al-Qaida-linked militants, in preparation for the ground forces to capture the town. 7 people believed to be members of the al-Shabab militia group were killed in the shelling that occurred on Sep 1 and Sep 3.
    (AP, 9/4/12)
2012        Sep 4, Global Witness said international logging companies are skirting the rules and have used a loophole in Liberian law which has granted them access to as much as one-quarter of Liberia's landmass. Private use permits, now covering 40 percent of the country's forests, were being used by major companies to cut trees on their own property.
    (AP, 9/4/12)
2012        Sep 4, Mexico’s Navy detained Mario Cardenas Guillen, a top leader of the Gulf drug cartel, in the northern city of Altamira.
    (AP, 9/4/12)
2012        Sep 4, In Morocco 42 people were killed when the bus overturned between the desert cities of Marrakesh and Ouarzazate and plunged down a 500-foot (150-meter) ravine. Another 24 people were injured, four of them seriously.
    (AP, 9/4/12)
2012        Sep 4, Pirates attacked and seized the MT Abu Dhabi Star, an oil tanker off the coast of Lagos, Nigeria, kidnapping an unknown number of sailors who were trying to hide from their assailants.
    (AP, 9/5/12)
2012        Sep 4, Hundreds of Palestinians demonstrated in West Bank cities against the high cost of living, directing their anger at prime minister Salam Fayyad.
    (AFP, 9/4/12)
2012        Sep 4, Singapore said it will restrict the growth of "shoebox" private apartments in the suburbs, effective Nov 4, to ease overcrowding concerns and encourage couples to have children.
    (AFP, 9/4/12)
2012        Sep 4, Spain’s government lifted a 6-year ban on televising live bullfights.
    (SFC, 9/5/12, p.A2)
2012        Sep 4, Spanish police evicted more than 80 illegal migrants that had occupied Isla de Tierra, a tiny island off Africa's Mediterranean coast.
    (AFP, 9/4/12)
2012        Sep 4, Sudan and South Sudan resumed talks in the Ethiopian capital to resolve outstanding disputes over oil, border demarcation, security and the Abyei region.
    (AFP, 9/4/12)
2012        Sep 4, Red Cross chief Peter Maurer launched a mercy mission in Syria to seek greater protection for civilians, as activists said rebel-held areas of Aleppo faced severe food shortages under a regime offensive.
    (AFP, 9/4/12)
2012        Sep 4, The Ugandan military killed a rebel fighter and captured another in its campaign against Joseph Kony's Lord's Resistance Army rebels in the Central African Republic. Rebel general Dominic Ongwen escaped unhurt in the raid on his camp.
    (AP, 9/5/12)
2012        Sep 4, The three UN food agencies urged governments to take quick action to curb rising prices of corn, wheat and soybeans and avoid a repeat of the 2007-2008 food crises.
    (AP, 9/4/12)
2012        Sep 4, Vietnamese police seized four tiger cubs and 118 endangered pangolins from suspected wildlife smugglers.
    (AFP, 9/4/12)

2012        Sep 5, A US federal judge ruled that Arizona authorities can enforce the most contentious section of the state's heavily debated immigration law, regarding a section of the statute that critics have dubbed the "show me your papers" provision.
    (AP, 9/5/12)
2012        Sep 5, Texas health officials said at least 43 people have died this year in Texas of West Nile virus. Nationwide 87 deaths have been reported to the CDC.
    (SFC, 9/6/12, p.A10)
2012        Sep 5, Afghanistan's Defense Ministry said it has detained or removed hundreds of soldiers from its military's ranks as part of an investigation into the backgrounds of its troops after a surge in insider attacks against foreign forces. NATO said two of its service members died in a helicopter crash in Logar province.
    (AP, 9/5/12)
2012        Sep 5, In Canada a suitcase containing human remains was found floating in Lake Ontario near Toronto, the latest in a series of grisly discoveries by Toronto residents. Police the next day said the human remains belonged to a single mother who went missing early last month and whose body parts had been scattered throughout the city.
    (Reuters, 9/5/12)(Reuters, 9/6/12)
2012        Sep 5, China’s state media reported that former Chongqing police chief Wang Lijun, whose flight to a US consulate set off China's biggest political scandal in years, has been charged with crimes including defection and bribe taking.
    (AP, 9/5/12)
2012        Sep 5, In Costa Rica a magnitude-7.6 earthquake blocked a few highways, collapsed some houses and left at least 2 people dead.
    (Reuters, 9/5/12)
2012        Sep 5, In the French Alps the bodies of 3 British vacationers and French cyclist, Sylvain Mollier (45), were found slain near the village of Chevaline. A 4-year-old girl was found alive among the bodies. Her sister (7) was beaten and shot but survived. Their BMW car was registered to Baghdad-born Saad al-Hilli (b.1962), who had lived in Britain since at least 2002. His family had been in France since August. A Swedish passport and Iraqi passport were also found at the scene. A family feud was suspected. On June 24, 2013, the brother of Saad al-Hilli was arrested after investigators gathered evidence that the siblings were fighting over their father's inheritance.
    (AP, 9/6/12)(AP, 9/7/12)(AP, 6/24/13)
2012        Sep 5, In southern India a massive blaze swept through a fireworks factory, killing at least 40 workers and injuring 60 others in Sivakasi town, Tamil Nadu state.
    (AP, 9/5/12)
2012        Sep 5, American senators visiting Iraq warned the Baghdad government that it risked damaging relations with the US if it is allowing Iran to fly over its airspace to deliver weapons to Syria.
    (AP, 9/5/12)
2012        Sep 5, An Israeli airstrike killed four Palestinian militants as they were preparing to fire rockets at nearby southern cities.
    (AP, 9/6/12)
2012        Sep 5, Japanese media reports said Japan’s government has agreed to buy three of the five privately owned islands in the East China Sea, called Senkaku in Japanese and Diaoyu in Chinese, from the Kurihara family for 2.05 billion yen ($26 million). China responded by calling the reported purchase "illegal and invalid."
    (AP, 9/5/12)
2012        Sep 5, It was reported that the government of Kashmir has rejected wide-scale DNA testing of bodies in thousands of unmarked graves despite pleas by the families of those who disappeared during two decades of fighting in the restive region.
    (AP, 9/5/12)
2012        Sep 5, Deposed Libyan dictator Moammar Gadhafi's spy chief, Abdullah al-Senoussi, was put under detention in Tripoli after being extradited from Mauritania.
    (AP, 9/5/12)
2012        Sep 5, Nigeria's navy retook the MT Abu Dhabi Star oil tanker, hijacked a day earlier off Lagos, freeing 23 Indian sailors held hostage by pirates who fled as the navy arrived.
    (AP, 9/5/12)
2012        Sep 5, Moscow police arrested 10 environmental activists, including four dressed in polar bear costumes, who were protesting outside the main office of Gazprom. The protest by members of Greenpeace called upon Gazprom to halt its offshore drilling in the Arctic.
    (AFP, 9/5/12)
2012        Sep 5, In Syria 45 bodies of young men with their hands bound were found by the road in a government-held area
    (Economist, 9/8/12, p.48)
2012        Sep 5, In western Turkey an explosion and blaze triggered by an accidentally dropped hand grenade killed 25 soldiers during a stock check at an ammunition depot near the town of Afyonkarahisar.
    (AP, 9/6/12)
2012        Sep 5, In Zimbabwe an independent animal welfare group said it is filing cruelty charges against the veterinary teaching department at the Univ. of Zimbabwe after three emaciated, ailing and distressed horses were killed using an ax and a knife.
    (AP, 9/5/12)

2012        Sep 6, President Barack Obama and VP Joe Biden accepted the Democratic Party nomination for a 2nd term. Obama urged voters to stay optimistic that America can pull itself out of an economic rut.
    (AP, 9/7/12)
2012        Sep 6, The US Institute of Medicine said in a report that the US health care system squanders $750 billion a year, roughly 30 cents of every medical dollar, through unneeded care, byzantine paperwork, fraud and other waste.
    (AP, 9/6/12)
2012        Sep 6, In Illinois Drew Peterson (58), the crass former Illinois police officer who gained notoriety after his much-younger wife vanished in 2007, was convicted of murdering Kathleen Savio (d.2004), his 3rd wife, in a potentially precedent-setting case centered on secondhand hearsay statements. On Feb 21, 2013, Peterson was sentenced to 38 years in prison for the murder of Savio.
    (AP, 9/6/12)(SFC, 2/22/13, p.A7)
2012        Sep 6, In Kentucky Dr. Mahmoud Yousef Hindi (55) shot and killed two men at a homeowner’s association in Louisville due to frustration over battles with the association.
    (SFC, 11/2/12, p.A4)
2012        Sep 6, In Kansas City, Missouri, Bishop Robert Finn was found guilty of a misdemeanor count for failing to report suspected child abuse from a child pornography case involving Rev. Shawn Ratigan.
    (SFC, 9/7/12, p.A11)
2012        Sep 6, Google Inc. said it has chosen a site just outside the capital of Chile for its first data center in Latin America. The $150 million data center will employ just 20 people.
    (AP, 9/6/12)
2012        Sep 6, In China the Yangtze River, the longest and largest river in China and the third longest river in the world, began turning red near the city of Chongquing, where it connects to the Jialin River. The color change was also reported at several other points and officials began investigations.
    (abcNEWS, 9/7/12)
2012        Sep 6, Colombia’s President Juan Manuel Santos rejected a proposal by the FARC rebel movement to observe a cease-fire during peace talks that are to begin next month in Norway.
    (AP, 9/6/12)
2012        Sep 6, Egypt's PM Hesham Kandil said Qatar has agreed to invest $18 billion in Egypt over the next five years to help boost the country's ailing economy.
    (AP, 9/6/12)
2012        Sep 6, A Cairo court has found four senior policemen not guilty of the killing of protesters during last year's popular uprising, the latest acquittal of officials charged in connection to the 850 deaths caused by the crackdown.
    (AP, 9/6/12)
2012        Sep 6, The European Union launched an anti-dumping probe into Chinese solar panels after an industry association claimed the products were being exported for less than it costs to make them.
    (AP, 9/6/12)
2012        Sep 6, The European Central Bank unveiled a new bond-buying program that is largely designed to keep a lid on Spain’s borrowing rates.
    (AP, 9/6/12)
2012        Sep 6, Israeli soldiers and aircraft hit Palestinian militants planting explosives along the border with Gaza. 3 men were reported killed.
    (AP, 9/6/12)
2012        Sep 6, In Mexico Jesus Leonel Sanchez-Meza (aka Lionel Portillo-Meza) was arrested for being among 5 men charged with killing US Border Patrol agent Brian Terry in 2010 in Arizona. In 2014 Sanchez-Meza was returned to the US to face murder charges.
    (SFC, 6/19/14, p.A8)
2012        Sep 6, In Myanmar all nine judges on the presidentially appointed Constitution Tribunal abruptly resigned after the lower house of parliament voted to impeach them in a standoff within the nascent government.
    (AP, 9/6/12)
2012        Sep 6, In Nigeria an association of mobile phone companies said at least 24 towers have been attacked across the north, likely causing damage worth millions of dollars. At least nine masts were burned down in Maiduguri. Hours later security forces killed seven suspected Boko Haram sect members in Maiduguri.
    (AP, 9/6/12)(AP, 9/7/12)
2012        Sep 6, A spokesman for int’l. aid group Save the Children said the Pakistani government has ordered its 6 foreign staff members to leave the country. The group has recently come under Pakistani government scrutiny because of reports that it helped facilitate meetings between the US and a doctor who allegedly helped hunt down Osama bin Laden, a charge which the group has vehemently denied.
    (AP, 9/6/12)
2012        Sep 6, Dozens of Palestinian taxi drivers snarled traffic in several West Bank cities to protest rising fuel prices and the government's refusal to allow them to raise fares.
    (AP, 9/6/12)
2012        Sep 6, Qatar’s sovereign wealth fund, a major stakeholder in Xstrata, agreed to a Glencore offer of 3.05 shares of Glencore per Xstrata share. The deal was brokered by former British PM Tony Blair.
    (Economist, 9/15/12, p.61)
2012        Sep 6, In South Africa managers of the Lonmin platinum mine, where police killed 34 striking workers, signed a peace deal with main labor unions but a breakaway union and the strikers themselves rejected it.
    (AP, 9/6/12)
2012        Sep 6, Sweden's central bank cut its key interest rate by a quarter of a percentage point to 1.25 percent, saying economic growth will slow due to the downturn in the eurozone.
    (AP, 9/6/12)
2012        Sep 6, Syrian troops recaptured from rebels Tel Chehab, a border town used by refugees to cross to Jordan, an apparent bid by the regime to stem the flood of Syrians fleeing their country's civil war.
    (AP, 9/6/12)
2012        Sep 6, Off the coast of western Turkey 61 people drowned when a fishing boat carrying migrants that smugglers had promised refuge in Europe sank after hitting rocks. At least 46 survivors, mostly from Iraq and Syria, were able to swim through the Aegean waters to shore 50 meters away.
    (AP, 9/6/12)(SSFC, 9/9/12, p.A4)
2012        Sep 6, In Yemen tens of thousands of people took to the streets after Friday prayers in the capital Sanaa demanding the prosecution of Ali Abdullah Saleh, the longtime autocratic leader who stepped down in February after a year-long uprising.
    (AP, 9/7/12)

2012        Sep 7, The United States confirmed that it has suspended sharing of radar intelligence with Honduras because the Central American nation's air force shot down two suspected drug planes in violation of agreements with Washington. The radar intelligence was blocked starting in mid-August.
    (AP, 9/7/12)
2012        Sep 7, The Obama administration formally designated the Pakistan-based Haqqani network as a foreign terrorist organization, in a complicated political decision as the US withdraws from Afghanistan and pushes for a reconciliation pact to end more than a decade of warfare.
    (AP, 9/7/12)
2012        Sep 7, In a taped interview in Colorado Republican vice presidential nominee Paul Ryan said the federal government shouldn't interfere with states that have legalized medical marijuana.
    (AP, 9/7/12)
2012        Sep 7, In NYC a police officer shot and killed a convenience store worker who plowed into him on a sidewalk while frantically fleeing an armed robbery, a sudden encounter that the police department called a tragic accident.
    (AP, 9/7/12)
2012        Sep 7, The Int’l. Union for the Conservation of nature said the Caribbean’s reefs are in sharp decline with live coral coverage down to an average of 8%, down from 50% in the 1970s.
    (SFC, 9/8/12, p.A2)
2012        Sep 7, In Bahrain riot police fired tear gas during street clashes with anti-government protesters in the heart of the Gulf kingdom's capital Manama.
    (AP, 9/7/12)
2012        Sep 7, Bolivian President Evo Morales said he has received word that Washington will not extradite ex-President Gonzalo Sanchez de Lozada, wanted in connection with the deaths of 63 protesters in his home country in 2003.
    (AP, 9/7/12)
2012        Sep 7, Canada said it has closed its embassy in Iran and will expel all remaining Iranian diplomats in Canada within 5 days, denouncing Tehran as the biggest threat to global security.
    (Reuters, 9/7/12)
2012        Sep 7, In southwest China twin earthquakes collapsed houses and triggered landslides in a remote mountainous part of the borders of Guizhou and Yunnan provinces, killing at least 81 people and injuring over 800.
    (AP, 9/7/12)(AP, 9/8/12)(AP, 9/9/12)
2012        Sep 7, Egypt's national air carrier said it will resume international flights after the airline's flight attendants suspended a 12-hour strike pending negotiations to meet their grievances.
    (AP, 9/8/12)
2012        Sep 7, Lufthansa canceled hundreds of flights after flight attendants walked off the job at airports around the country in an escalating battle with Germany's largest airline. Signs emerged that the two sides may be prepared to return to the negotiating table.
    (AP, 9/7/12)
2012        Sep 7, It was reported that hunger-striking Hong Kong students and their supporters have taken control of a city plaza against the introduction of “national education" courses aiming to boost a sense of shared identity with China.
    (SFC, 9/7/12, p.A4)
2012        Sep 7, In Iraq 3 separate bomb attacks against Shiite mosques in Kirkuk killed eight civilians and injured 70 others.
    (AP, 9/8/12)
2012        Sep 7, Italian and NATO rescue crews searched the waters off the small Mediterranean island of Lampedusa for survivors of an apparently sunken migrant boat after some of the 56 rescued passengers reported that dozens more were missing. One body was recovered.
    (AP, 9/7/12)
2012        Sep 7, In southeastern Kenya fighting between a community of cattle herders and farmers over land and water killed 12 people in Tana River delta.
    (AP, 9/7/12)
2012        Sep 7, It was reported that Mali’s interim president Dioncounda Traore has requested five battalions and air support from neighboring countries to try to take back the country's north from Islamist rebels linked to al-Qaida. The request was made without the consent of the soldiers who led Mali's recent coup.
    (AP, 9/7/12)
2012        Sep 7, A lawyer representing one of the sons of toppled Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi confirmed that Niger has given al-Saadi Gadhafi permission to leave the country, so long as another nation is willing to receive him.
    (AP, 9/7/12)
2012        Sep 7, In Nigeria more than 60 workers from Air Nigeria protested at Lagos' Murtala Muhammed International Airport's domestic wings, demanding four-months-worth of unpaid salaries from the company. The airline's owner, business tycoon Jimoh Ibrahim, fired nearly all of the company's 800 employees for "disloyalty" earlier this month.
    (AP, 9/7/12)
2012        Sep 7, South Africa said it will allow fracking to explore for shale gas in the semi-desert Karoo region known for its vast plains and tender lamb.
    (AP, 9/7/12)
2012        Sep 7, In Syria a bomb exploded near a mosque in the northern Damascus neighborhood of Rukneddine, killing at least five people. A 2nd bomb exploded in Damascus, hitting near two government ministries with no casualties. The Observatory said the 16 bodies of men were found in the Damascus suburb of Deir al-Asafir, which it said was subjected to a major operation by the regime in the past few days. , activists and state media reported that several people were either killed or wounded when a Palestinian refugee camp in Damascus was shelled. At least 60 people were killed in violence around the country.
    (AP, 9/7/12)
2012        Sep 7, The UN nearly doubled its humanitarian appeal for Syria, seeking $347 million for people in need, including more than half a million children forced to flee their homes.
    (AP, 9/7/12)

2012        Sep 8, Another prisoner died at the US Navy base in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. He was apparently found unconscious in his cell at the isolated, high-security prison. He was the ninth detainee to die at the facility since it was opened in January 2002. He was identified on Sep 11 as Adnan Latif of Yemen, a man with a history of mental illness who battled guards inside the prison and challenged his confinement all the way to the Supreme Court. An autopsy revealed that Latif died from an overdose of psychiatric medication.
    (AP, 9/10/12)(AP, 9/11/12)(AP, 11/29/12)
2012        Sep 8, In Oklahoma fierce overnight thunderstorms carried a mobile home into a creek killing 3 people. A truck driver was killed when wind flipped his semi onto a concrete barrier.
    (SSFC, 9/9/12, p.A10)
2012        Sep 8, In Afghanistan a teenage suicide bomber blew himself up outside NATO headquarters in Kabul, killing at least six civilians in a strike that targeted the heart of the US-led military operation in the country. The Taliban claimed responsibility.
    (AP, 9/8/12)
2012        Sep 8, Hong Kong officials backed down on plans to make students take Chinese patriotism classes following a week of protests in the former British colony sparked by fears of pro-Beijing "brainwashing."
    (AP, 9/8/12)
2012        Sep 8, In Indonesia a suspected militant was critically injured when a bomb apparently being prepared for a terrorist attack exploded in a house near Jakarta. At least three other people living nearby were injured along with two suspects who fled.
    (AP, 9/9/12)
2012        Sep 8, In Nicaragua the San Cristobal volcano spewed out a column of ash and gas 2½ miles high, leading authorities to evacuate about 3,000 people from nine communities around the country's tallest mountain.
    (AP, 9/8/12)
2012        Sep 8, Niger's interior minister said that some of the international aid intended for the victims of recent floods has been stolen.
    (AP, 9/9/12)
2012        Sep 8, Pakistan and India signed a new visa agreement in Islamabad that makes cross-border travel easier, the latest sign of thawing relations between two countries that have long seen each other as enemies.
    (AP, 9/8/12)
2012        Sep 8, Pakistani security forces pushed Taliban militants who came from Afghanistan back across the border after more than two weeks of fighting in the mountainous Bajur tribal region. The government said over 100 people were killed in the offensive.
    (AP, 9/9/12)
2012        Sep 8, Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas says that government employees will not receive full salaries this month because donor countries have not delivered promised aid.
    (AP, 9/8/12)
2012        Sep 8, A Russian MI-35 military helicopter crashed into a mountain in the republic of Dagestan, killing all three crewmen aboard.
    (AP, 9/9/12)
2012        Sep 8, Sierra Leone said that 10 suspected Iranian ships "hiding" under the Sierra Leonean flag "have recently been removed from the register." The action was in relation to a vessel that was seized in Lebanon recently carrying arms for Syria, and allegedly flying the Sierra Leone flag.
    (AP, 9/9/12)
2012        Sep 8, The Syrian government pounded Aleppo with warplanes and artillery. Some 148 people were reported killed across the country including 77 in Aleppo.
    (SSFC, 9/9/12, p.A5)
2012        Sep 8, In Ukraine hundreds of demonstrators rallied in the center of Kiev to protest what they call the government's crackdown on one of the few remaining independent TV channels ahead of parliamentary elections in late October.
    (AP, 9/8/12)
2012        Sep 8, A Yemeni military official said clashes in southern Yemen have killed five al-Qaida militants and one pro-government tribal fighter in the past 24 hours.
    (AP, 9/8/12)

2012        Sep 9, In Michigan businessman Ricky Coley (50) shot and killed Officer Pat O’Rourke in West Bloomfield Township. Coley shot and killed himself following a 20 hour standoff.
    (SFC, 9/12/12, p.A8)
2012        Sep 9, In Carrolton, Texas, Franklin Davis (30) was charged with murder after confessing to the death of Shania Gray (16). Police believe he killed her to prevent her testimony at an upcoming sexual assault trial.
    (SFC, 9/11/12, p.A5)
2012        Sep 9, In western Afghanistan two bomb blasts near the governor's compound in Farah province killed a 12-year-old boy and wounded 16 other civilians. A NATO service member was killed by a roadside bomb in the south.
    (AP, 9/9/12)
2012        Sep 9, In England a man fell to the ground in the Mortlake neighborhood of West London when a jet passing overhead lowered its landing gear as it neared the runway at Heathrow Airport. The apparent stowaway had no identification papers, just some currency from Angola. The man was later identified as Jose Matada of Mozambique.
    (AP, 12/10/12)(SFC, 4/12/13, p.A2)
2012        Sep 9, In Cuba an evening blackout cut the lights in much of western Cuba, including the capital Havana. Power was restored by the next day.
    (AP, 9/10/12)
2012        Sep 9, In Egypt about 150 tour guides demonstrated outside Cairo's famed Egyptian Museum. They said the lack of security and increased lawlessness, which has plagued much of Egypt following the toppling of Mubarak, has exposed them to attacks from vendors and competitors and further complicates attempts to lure tourists back.
    (AP, 9/10/12)
2012        Sep 9, France's richest man, Bernard Arnault, the CEO of luxury giant LVMH, confirmed reports that he is seeking Belgian citizenship.
    (AP, 9/10/12)
2012        Sep 9, In India Verghese Kurien (90), father of India’s National Dairy Development Board, died. He had revolutionized milk production in India.
    (Economist, 9/22/12, p.106)
2012        Sep 9, In Iraq insurgents killed at least 92 people in a wave of bombings and attacks against Iraqi security forces, gunning down soldiers at an army post and bombing police recruits waiting in line to apply for jobs.
    (AP, 9/9/12)(AP, 9/10/12)
2012        Sep 9, Iraq's fugitive Sunni vice president Tariq al-Hashemi was sentenced to death after a Baghdad court found him guilty of masterminding the killings of a lawyer and a government security official.
    (AP, 9/9/12)
2012        Sep 9, In Japan tens of thousands of people rallied against US plans to deploy 12 MV-22 Osprey aircraft on Okinawa.
    (SFC, 9/10/12, p.A2)
2012        Sep 9, In Mali 16 preachers from a moderate Muslim sect were killed at a checkpoint in the central town of Diabaly after reportedly being mistaken for Islamic extremists. The preachers, many of whom were Mauritanian, were traveling by road to Bamako to attend a religious conference.
    (AP, 9/10/12)
2012        Sep 9, In Mali Nabil Makhloufi, leader of al-Qaida's North African branch (AQIM) known by his alias Nabil Alqama, was killed in the accident near the city of Gao.
    (AP, 9/10/12)
2012        Sep 9, Dozens of Palestinian truck drivers blocked the main streets of the West Bank city of Ramallah to protest rising prices.
    (AP, 9/9/12)
2012        Sep 9, In Vladivostok, Russia, Pacific Rim leaders pledged to fend off the deepening damage from the European crisis and revive flagging growth in the region by supporting open trade, reforming their economies and strengthening public finances as the 21-member Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) forum wrapped up an annual summit.
    (AP, 9/9/12)
2012        Sep 9, In Syria a blast ripped through the northern city of Aleppo killing at least 30 people. State-run SANA news blamed terrorists and members of the military were reported among the dead.
    (AP, 9/10/12)

2012        Sep 10, Chicago teachers went on strike for the first time in 25 years after their union and district officials failed to reach a contract agreement despite intense weekend negotiations that the union said were productive but still failed to adequately address issues such as job security and teacher evaluations.
    (AP, 9/10/12)
2012        Sep 10, In New Jersey US federal agents arrested Trenton Mayor Tony Mack as part of an investigation in a corruption investigation relating to bribes for a proposed parking garage. His brother Ralphiel and convicted sex offender Joseph Giorgianni were also accused in the scheme.
    (SFC, 9/11/12, p.A5)
2012        Sep 10, Chris Whittle, education entrepreneur, opened in Manhattan “Avenues: The World School," with partners Benno Schmidt and Alan Greenberg. This was the first of a planned global network for rich kids.
    (Economist, 9/1/12, p.32)
2012        Sep 10, Edwin Wilson (b.1928), former US spy and tycoon, died in Seattle. He had worked for the CIA but was arrested in 1982 for selling 20 tons of explosives to Libya. He was sentenced to 52 years in prison for smuggling arms and plotting to murder his wife. He served 22 years. The 1986 book “Manhunt" by Peter Maas was about Mr. Wilson.
    (SSFC, 9/23/12, p.C10)(Economist, 9/29/12, p.98)
2012        Sep 10, In Afghanistan US officials handed over formal control Bagram prison to Kabul. Some 99 percent of 3000 detainees captured before 9 March were transferred to Afghan authority. Shortly after the handover ceremony, a suicide bomber in the northern city of Kunduz killed 15 people and wounded another 25. Insurgents bombarded the US Bagram Air Field and destroyed a NATO helicopter, killing three Afghan intelligence employees. There were also NATO personnel aboard and wounded, the coalition said without providing further details.
    (AP, 9/10/12)(AP, 9/11/12)
2012        Sep 10, A Quebec, Canada, court accused PM Stephen Harper’s government of violating the principles of Canadian federalism by refusing to hand over gun registry data for Quebec.
    (SFC, 9/11/12, p.A2)
2012        Sep 10, Ethiopia said Swedish journalists Johan Persson and Martin Schibbye are to be pardoned and released. They have been in jail since July 2011 for abetting terrorism and entering the country illegally.
    (AP, 9/10/12)
2012        Sep 10, In India political cartoonist Aseem Trivedi, whose drawings mock Indian government corruption, has been jailed in a sedition investigation that was widely condemned as evidence of political leaders' growing intolerance of criticism. Trivedi refused bail at a court hearing in Mumbai, saying he would remain in jail until the sedition charges against him were lifted. The court then extended his stay in police custody from one week to two.
    (AP, 9/10/12)
2012        Sep 10, In Iraq Iraqi gunmen shot dead three anti-al-Qaida fighters manning a security checkpoint north of Baghdad. A car bomb killed 8 people and wounded 32 outside a restaurant in the southwestern Baghdad.
    (AP, 9/10/12)
2012        Sep 10, Japan Airlines (JAL) emerged from bankruptcy (2010) in an initial public offering (IPO) at $8.5 billion.
    (Economist, 9/15/12, p.64)
2012        Sep 10, In southeast Kenya clashes between farmers and herders escalated with 38 people killed, including nine police officers. The Red Cross suggested the military be deployed to the area.
    (AP, 9/10/12)
2012        Sep 10, In Kosovo the Int’l. Civilian Office (ICO) closed. It had helped keep Kosovo stable since 2008.
    (Economist, 9/15/12, p.51)
2012        Sep 10, Mexican police in southern Guerrero state said they have found 16 bodies left in a truck in Coyuca de Catalan. Guerrero Gov. Angel Aguirre said authorities suspected they were killed in Michoacan and dumped in his state.
    (AP, 9/10/12)
2012        Sep 10, In northern Mali 5 young men had an hand and foot amputated by Islamists imposing Sharia law against highway robbery.
    (AP, 9/13/12)
2012        Sep 10, In Pakistan a car bomb ripped through a crowded market in the Kurram tribal region, killing 12 Shiite Muslims with 45 wounded.
    (AP, 9/10/12)
2012        Sep 10, Palestinian protests against the high cost of living have turned violent in the West Bank city of Hebron. The violence lasted for about an hour before it was brought under control. There were no reports of injuries.
    (AP, 9/10/12)
2012        Sep 10, Somalia's Parliament elected a new president of the country's fledgling government. Hassan Sheikh Mohamud, a political newcomer, won the election against outgoing President Sheik Sharif Sheikh Ahmed by the legislative vote of 190 to 79.
    (AP, 9/10/12)
2012        Sep 10, In South Africa labor unrest spread in with a wildcat strike by 15,000 workers stopping operations at a gold mine while few workers reported for duty in the fourth week of a stoppage at the Lonmin PLC platinum mine.
    (AP, 9/10/12)
2012        Sep 10, Tunisian authorities said four police officers have been detained on suspicion they tortured a robbery suspect who later died. The officers are suspected of torturing Abderraouf Khamassi (34) who was arrested Aug 28. He died Sep 8 with a wound to his skull.
    (AP, 9/10/12)
2012        Sep 10, Turkey’s military announced that it had conducted air strikes over the past week in northern Iraq, where Kurdish rebels have bases. Some 25 guerrillas were reported killed in the operation.
    (AP, 9/11/12)
2012        Sep 10, In Yemen a powerful car bomb struck the defense minister's motorcade as he was driving through the nation's capital, killing at least 13 people but leaving the minister unharmed.
    (AP, 9/11/12)(SFC, 9/11/12, p.A2)   

2012        Sep 11, A Los Angeles jury doubled its verdict against “Girls Gone Wild" founder Joe Francis ordering him to pay an additional $20 million in punitive damages to Steve Wynn for claiming the casino mogul threatened to kill him. A day earlier the jury awarded Wynn $20 million finding that Francis’ allegations had slandered Wynn. In November a judge cut the $40 million verdict by more than half.
    (SFC, 9/12/12, p.A8)(SFC, 11/13/12, p.A5)
2012        Sep 11, It was reported that Stanford Dr. James Spudich (70), UCSF Dr. Ronald Vale (53) and  NY’s Columbia Dr. Michael Sheetz (65) will receive this year’s Lasker Foundation’s $250,000 award for discovering how molecular motors work inside cells.
    (SFC, 9/11/12, p.C3)
2012        Sep 11, In Afghanistan a teenage suicide bomber walked into a shop in Herat province and blew himself up, killing five people.
    (AP, 9/11/12)
2012        Sep 11, Australia’s federal sustainability minister announced a ban on the Abel Tasman, a huge Dutch fishing vessel, from trawling in Australia’s waters. On Sep 19 the Labor government banned the ship for 2 years.
    (Economist, 9/22/12, p.48)
2012        Sep 11, In Bolivia hundreds of miners were blocking 3 principal highways leading to La Paz demanding that authorities grant them control over the lucrative Colquira tin mine, rather than to a group working for a state-owned company.
    (SFC, 9/12/12, p.A2)
2012        Sep 11, Chile's Supreme Court closed the book on a judicial review of Salvador Allende's 1973 death, confirming the conclusion of a lower court last December that the socialist leader committed suicide. Activists marked their own 9-11, the anniversary of the day in 1973 when Gen. Augusto Pinochet seized power in a military coup that prompted socialist President Salvador Allende to kill himself rather than surrender.
    (AP, 9/11/12)
2012        Sep 11, China announced that for the first time it is allowing foreigners to apply for positions as government officials in tourism, transportation, health, commerce and information technology.
    (www.globaltimes.cn/content/732631.shtml)
2012        Sep 11, Egyptian protesters scaled the walls of the US embassy in Cairo, tore down the American flag and burned it during a protest over what they said was a film being produced in the United States that insulted Prophet Mohammad.
    (Reuters, 9/11/12)
2012        Sep 11, Japan's Cabinet formally announced that the government will purchase several disputed islands from a private Japanese family. China sent two patrol ships to the waters near the disputed islands in a show of its “undisputable sovereignty."
    (AP, 9/11/12)(SFC, 9/12/12, p.A6)
2012        Sep 11, In Kenya armed raiders killed four people in the southeast despite a dusk-to-dawn curfew to prevent further clashes between two tribes that have left more than 100 people dead.
    (AP, 9/11/12)
2012        Sep 11, In Libya US ambassador Chris Stevens died of severe asphyxiation in Benghazi. Also killed were Sean Smith (34), information management officer, Glen Doherty (42) and Tyrone Woods, security guards, died when the US Consulate in Benghazi came under attack. It was initially reported that the attack was due to a mob angry over an anti-Islam film made in the US. Sam Bacile (56), a California real estate developer who identifies himself as an Israeli Jew and who said he produced, directed and wrote the two-hour film, "Innocence of Muslims," said he had not anticipated such a furious reaction. The jihadist group Ansar al-Sharia was later blamed for the attack.
    (AP, 9/12/12)(SFC, 9/14/12, p.A2)(Econ, 9/22/12, p.56)(SFC, 11/12/13, p.A8)
2012        Sep 11, Netherlands-based Royal Philips Electronics NV, the largest maker of lights, said it plans to cut another 2,200 jobs by 2014 to save €300 million ($383 million) a year.
    (AP, 9/11/12)
2012        Sep 11, Norway's government said it will create a carbon-emissions program to compensate domestic manufacturers, in the hope of dissuading them from moving their industries to countries with less stringent climate regulations.
    (AP, 9/11/12)
2012        Sep 11, In eastern Pakistan a fire broke out in a factory in Lahore killing 25 people when sparks from a generator hit chemicals used to make shoes. In the southern port city of Karachi 259 people were killed when a blaze broke out in a garment factory. This was one of the worst industrial accidents in Pakistan's 65-year history.
    (AP, 9/11/12)(AP, 9/12/12)(AP, 9/14/12)(AP, 11/2/12)
2012        Sep 11, Russia’s Gazprom accused the European Commission of pressuring the Russian firm into slashing gas prices for its customers soon after President Vladimir Putin signed a decree that could hinder the EU probe. Putin signed a decree barring strategic Russian enterprises from disclosing information to foreign regulators, changing contracts and selling property abroad without government permission.
    (AP, 9/11/12)
2012        Sep 11, In South Africa firebrand politician Julius Malema called for a national strike in all of the nation's mines, encouraging a step-up of a strike that has already halted production at several platinum and gold mines.
    (AP, 9/11/12)
2012        Sep 11, In Spain some 1.5 million protesters flooded the streets of Barcelona to demand the independence of the Catalonia region.
    (SFC, 9/12/12, p.A2)
2012        Sep 11, In Turkey a suicide bomber threw a hand grenade and then blew himself up at the entrance to a police station in a suburb of Istanbul. One police officer was killed, and seven others were wounded. Police identified the bomber as a member of the Revolutionary People's Liberation Party-Front (DHKP-C).
    (AP, 9/11/12)

2012        Sep 12, It was reported that ex-UBS banker Bradley Birkenfeld has secured a whistle- blower award for $104 million. He had told authorities how UBS bankers came to the US to woo rich Americans and help them cheat the IRS. He pleaded guilty to conspiracy in 2008 and was imprisoned until Aug 1, 2012, when he was put on home confinement.
    (SFC, 9/12/12, p.E3)
2012        Sep 12, The City Council of Portland, Oregon, voted to fluoridate its water beginning in 2014. It had been the largest US city to refuse the process, which resulted in some of the worst tooth decay in the nation.
    (SFC, 9/13/12, p.A7)
2012        Sep 12, UC Berkeley chemical engineer Jay Keasling, founder of Amyris Biotechnology, won the prestigious Heinz Award of $250,000 for developing an inexpensive way to mass-produce artemisinin, a plant based drug to treat malaria. The Heinz Awards were established by Teresa Heinz in 1993 to honor the memory of her late husband, US Senator John Heinz.
    (http://chemistry.berkeley.edu/publications/news/2012/keasling-wins-heinz-award.php)
2012        Sep 12, Authorities in Bosnia launched what they called a major operation against several organized crime groups suspected of involvement in at least six murders, several major robberies, illegal money transfers and drug trafficking.
    (AP, 9/12/12)
2012        Sep 12, British privacy activists, citing findings gathered via freedom-of-information requests, identified King Ecgbert as one of more than 200 high schools across Britain that have installed surveillance cameras in bathrooms or locker rooms.
    (AP, 9/12/12)
2012        Sep 12, Germany’s constitutional court gave a qualified yes to the European Stability Mechanism (ESM), a big rescue fund for troubled members of the Eurozone.
    (Economist, 9/15/12, p.49)
2012        Sep 12, Greek justice minister Antonis Roupakiotis said Greece will toughen sentencing for hate crimes, following a surge in attacks against immigrants and violence involving members of a far-right political party. A fresh wave of anti-austerity strikes hit the country as the leaders of the governing coalition struggled to finalize further spending cuts for the coming two years — without which the country will lose its vital rescue loans.
    (AP, 9/12/12)
2012        Sep 12, In Guatemala Julio Saquil (35) entered an elementary school in the northern province of Alta Verapaz and slit the throats of two children with a machete. Authorities said he was drunk. A mob lynched Saquil inside the school and then set him on fire in the school's patio and he burned to death.
    (AP, 9/12/12)
2012        Sep 12, In Japan Toru Hashimoto (43), the right-wing populist mayor of Osaka, formally launched his national party, Nihon Ishin no Kai (the Japan Restoration Party, or JRP).
    (Economist, 9/15/12, p.14)
2012        Sep 12, Libya's parliament elected Mustafa Abu-Shakour, a leading member in the country's oldest opposition movement, to be its new prime minister.
    (AP, 9/1/12)
2012        Sep 12, In Mexico  Jorge Eduardo Costilla Sanchez (41), a man believed to be the leader of the Gulf drug cartel, was arrested by Mexican marines in the Gulf port of Tampico. He and 10 bodyguards were presented to the public the next morning. US authorities have offered $5 million for information leading to his arrest.
    (AP, 9/13/12)
2012        Sep 12, The Netherlands held national elections. Dutch caretaker PM Mark Rutte led his conservative VVD party to victory. The VVD was forecast to take 41 seats in the 150-member Dutch parliament, compared to Labor's 39 seats.
    (AP, 9/12/12)(AP, 9/13/12)
2012        Sep 12, Nigeria’s Finance Ministry said China is offering it $1.1 billion in loans to help the West African nation build airport terminals, a light rail line for its capital city and communication system improvements.
    (AP, 9/12/12)
2012        Sep 12, Dozens of Palestinians in the Gaza Strip burned American flags and chanted "Death to America," protesting an American film that mocks the Muslim Prophet Muhammad.
    (AFP, 9/12/12)
2012        Sep 12, In the Philippines Pres. Aquino III signed the new Cybercrime Prevention Act of 2012.
    (SFC, 10/4/12, p.A2)
2012        Sep 12, In Russia’s far east an Antanov-28 plane crashed into a forest in western Kamchatka killing 10 people and injuring four.
    (AP, 9/12/12)
2012        Sep 12, In Somalia a day after the election of the new president, two explosions at the gate of his temporary residence killed at least five people and wounded three others.
    (AP, 9/12/12)
2012        Sep 12, South Africa’s labor unrest grew. Police said 1,000 strikers were blocking access to the main shaft at Anglo American Platinum, stopping some operations at the world's largest platinum mine.
    (AP, 9/12/12)
2012        Sep 12, In Syria an explosion targeting regime forces killed at least three people in northern Syria, and possibly up to 18, amid rising violence ahead of a visit by the new UN-Arab League envoy who is trying to end the country's civil war. The Observatory and another activist group, the Local Coordination Committees, said at least 11 bodies were found in the central town of Halfaya in Hama province. They said the bodies were found in fields a day after government troops stormed the town.
    (AP, 9/12/12)
2012        Sep 12, In Turkey hundreds of Kurds began a hunger strike in prisons across the country.
    (Econ, 11/17/12, p.2)

2012        Sep 13, US federal authorities identified Nakoula Basseley Nakoula (55), a southern California man once convicted of financial crimes, as the key figure behind the anti-Muslim film, "Innocence of Muslims," that ignited mob violence against US embassies across the Mideast.
    (AP, 9/13/12)
2012        Sep 13, A Ku Klux Klan chapter sued the state of Georgia for rejecting the white supremacist group's application to "adopt" a stretch of highway.
    (Reuters, 9/13/12)
2012        Sep 13, In Nevada a motorist “under the influence" plowed into a Las Vegas bus stop killing 4 pedestrians and injuring 8 others.
    (SFC, 9/14/12, p.A8)
2012        Sep 13, In Argentina tens of thousands protested in Buenos
Aires clanging pots in opposition to government economic policies.
    (Economist, 9/29/12, p.39)
2012        Sep 13, British insurers launched a register of insurance fraudsters after calculating that bogus claims rose 5 percent last year, adding 50 pounds to the average policyholder's bill.
    (Reuters, 9/13/12)
2012        Sep 13, Cambodia's UN-backed tribunal issued a statement saying that Ieng Thirith (80) suffers from a progressive, degenerative illness that is likely Alzheimer's disease and which diminishes her mental capacity. The court ruled that she was medically unfit to stand trial for genocide during the Khmer Rouge's 1975-79 rule, a decision survivors called shocking and unjust. Ieng Thirith was freed on Sep 16.
    (AFP, 9/13/12)(AP, 9/16/12)
2012        Sep 13, From the Czech Rep. it was reported that at least 19 people have died and 24 hospitalized after drinking cheap vodka and rum laced with methanol.
    (SFC, 9/13/12, p.A2)
2012        Sep 13, An Egyptian court convicted former prime minister Ahmed Nazif on corruption charges and sentenced him to three years in prison. Nazif was also fined 4.5 million Egyptian pounds, or about $750,000. Nazif was already serving a seven-year term for his role in awarding contracts for supplying new car license plates without going through legal procedures.
    (AP, 9/13/12)
2012        Sep 13, In Egypt Alber Saber was arrested after neighbors complained he had shared on Facebook the amateur film made in the US that sparked protests across the Muslim world. His arrest came during a wave of public outrage over the film, produced by an Egyptian-American Copt. On Dec 12 a Cairo court convicted and sentenced Saber to three years in prison for blasphemy and contempt of religion.
    (AP, 12/13/12)
2012        Sep 13, In Guatemala the Volcan del Fuego, or Volcano of Fire, erupted in a ferocious lava flow 6 miles from Antigua.
    (AP, 9/14/12)
2012        Sep 13, Mexican prosecutors said they were investigating a 16-year-old suspected hitman who was believed to have participated in at least 50 murders while working for a drug gang. The teenager, identified as Francisco Miguel N., was part of a gang known as Los Mazatlecos, a criminal group attached to the Beltran Leyva drugs cartel.
    (Reuters, 9/13/12)
2012        Sep 13, In Pakistan gunmen killed seven road construction workers in Mastung district in Baluchistan province.
    (AP, 9/13/12)
2012        Sep 13, In Uganda British producer David Cecil appeared in court charged with "disobeying lawful orders" from the Uganda Media Council, which says he staged "The River and the Mountain," a play about being gay in Uganda, in Kampala last month despite orders to the contrary.
    (AP, 9/13/12)
2012        Sep 13, In Vietnam a record numbers of people visited the dissident blog sites and the bloggers pledged to keep up their struggle for freedom of expression. Vietnam's government has vowed to crack down on three dissident blogs.
    (AP, 9/14/12)
2012        Sep 13, In Yemen hundreds of protesters, angered by an anti-Islam film, chanted "death to America" and stormed the US Embassy compound in Sanaa and burned the American flag. At least 5 Yemenis were killed as state security repulsed the attack. Pres. Abed Rabbo Mansour Hadi apologized to Pres. Barack Obama for the attack on the US Embassy.
    (www.youtube.com/watch?v=MAiOEV0v2RM)(AP, 9/13/12)(SFC, 9/14/12, p.A2)

2012        Sep 14, US federal investigators said they are investigating the case of Nakoula Baseley Nakoula (55), a man previously convicted of bank fraud charges and linked to an anti-Islamic film “Innocence of Muslims." The film has inflamed protests across the Middle East. Nakoula was released from federal prison in 2011 after serving a 21-month sentence. Part of his sentence prohibited him from using computers or the Internet for 5 years.
    (SFC, 9/15/12, p.A4)
2012        Sep 14, Undercover FBI agents arrested Adel Daoud (18) for trying to detonate what he believed was a car bomb outside a downtown Chicago bar. An undercover operation in which an agent pretending to be a terrorist had provided him with a phony car bomb and watched him press the trigger. Prosecutors the next day said Daoud was offered several chances to change his mind and walk away from the plot.
    (AP, 9/15/12)
2012        Sep 14, In Illinois Jack McCullough (72) was convicted in the 1957 murder of in Maria Ridulph (7), with spectators letting out a deafening cheer as the verdict was announced in one of the oldest unsolved crimes to eventually get to court in the US.
    (AP, 9/14/12)
2012        Sep 14, A Wisconsin judge struck down nearly all of the 2011 state law championed by Gov. Scott Walker that effectively ended collective bargaining rights for most public workers.
    (AP, 9/15/12)
2012        Sep 14, Hundreds of Afghans, some shouting "Death to America," burned the US flag and an effigy of President Barack Obama during a protest against an anti-Islam film outside the eastern city of Jalalabad. Heavily armed insurgents attacked the British Camp Bastion air base in Helmand province, killing two US Marines and wounding several other troops. 6 Harrier fighter jets were destroyed. 14 insurgents were killed.
    (AP, 9/14/12)(AP, 9/16/12)
2012        Sep 14, In eastern Afghanistan a bus and truck collided and burst into flames in Ghazni province, killing at least 51 people.
    (AP, 9/14/12)
2012        Sep 14, The Czech Republic banned the sale of spirits with more than 20 percent alcohol content as it battles a wave of methanol poisonings that has already killed 19 people.
    (AP, 9/14/12)
2012        Sep 14, In Egypt a 20-year-old died from wounds suffered from rubber bullets. Several hundred protesters have been clashing for several days with police preventing them from reaching the US embassy to protest against an anti-Muslim film. In Egypt's Sinai Peninsula suspected Islamic militants stormed the base of int’l. peacekeepers near the Gaza-Israel border, wounding four officers.
    (AP, 9/14/12)
2012        Sep 14, A French magazine published photos of Prince William's wife Kate sunbathing topless at a private house in southern France, prompting a strong condemnation from the royal family.
    (AP, 9/14/12)
2012        Sep 14, A Japanese Cabinet panel called for phasing out of nuclear power over the next three decades in a major shift for Japan as it overhauls energy policy following the Fukushima meltdowns.
    (AP, 9/14/12)
2012        Sep 14, Kenyan police disrupted a major terrorist attack in its final stages of planning, arresting two people with explosive devices and seizing a cache of weapons and ammunition. A manhunt was launched for eight more suspects including would-be bombers and the masterminds behind the planned attack.
    (AP, 9/14/12)
2012        Sep 14, Pope Benedict XVI appealed for peace and reconciliation among religions as violence over an anti-Islam movie spilled over into Lebanon within hours of his arrival. One protester was killed in the northern city of Tripoli in clashes with security forces after a crowd set fire to a KFC and a Hardee's restaurant to protest against an anti-Muslim film.
    (AP, 9/14/12)
2012        Sep 14, In Mexico Eduardo Castro Luque (48), elected to Sonora’s state Legislature representing the PRI, was shot to death outside his home in Hermosillo two days before taking office. Two assassins fled on a motorcycle.
    (SSFC, 9/16/12, p.A4)
2012        Sep 14, In central Nigeria soldiers opened fire to drive away young Muslims protesting a film critical of the Prophet Muhammad, as demonstrators elsewhere in the county's Muslim north burned a US flag.
    (AP, 9/14/12)
2012        Sep 14, In Norway the Philip Morris company lost a court battle against Norway's government over the right to display tobacco products in stores.
    (AP, 9/14/12)
2012        Sep 14, Russia's parliament expelled Gennady Gudkov (56), a former Kremlin loyalist who joined the growing opposition movement, propelling President Vladimir Putin's crackdown on political dissent into the halls of power.
    (AP, 9/14/12)
2012        Sep 14, South African police fired stun grenades to disperse striking miners, acting hours after President Jacob Zuma's government vowed to halt illegal protests and disarm strikers it fears are threatening the country's biggest industry.
    (AP, 9/14/12)
2012        Sep 14, In Sudan heavy violence came in Khartoum, where a prominent sheik on state radio urged protesters to march on the German Embassy to protest alleged anti-Muslim graffiti on mosques in Berlin and then to the US Embassy to protest against an anti-Muslim film. Police dispersed the crowd with tear gas, starting a stampede. Two protesters were killed in a traffic accident during chaotic demonstrations outside the US Embassy.
    (AP, 9/14/12)(AP, 9/15/12)
2012        Sep 14, In Tunisia violent protests outside the US Embassy in Tunis against an anti-Muslim film were met with tear gas and gunshots. Police killed 4 people. Around 40 others were injured as plumes of black smoke wafted over the city. I20 Tunisians accused of attacking the US Embassy were convicted in 2013 and given two-year suspended sentences.
    (AP, 9/14/12)(Economist, 9/22/12, p.56)(AP, 5/28/13)
2012        Sep 14, The UN said that an outbreak of the Ebola virus has killed 31 people in northeastern Congo, more than doubling the death toll from a week ago.
    (AP, 9/14/12)

2012        Sep 15, Owners of the National Hockey League locked out their players after failing to agree on a new contract.
    (Economist, 9/22/12, p.71)
2012        Sep 15, In Missouri 5 people, including 3 children, were killed when their small plane crashed near Willard.
    (SSFC, 9/16/12, p.A7)
2012        Sep 15, In southern Afghanistan a man believed to be a member of the Afghan local police turned his weapon on US-led coalition forces, killing two British soldiers in Helmand province.
    (AP, 9/15/12)(AP, 9/16/12)
2012        Sep 15, In China protests against Japan over its control of disputed islands spread across more than two dozen cities and turned violent at times, with protesters burning Japanese flags and clashing with Chinese paramilitary police at the Japanese Embassy in Beijing before order was restored.
    (AP, 9/15/12)
2012        Sep 15, Ethiopia's ruling party named as its leader acting PM Hailemariam Desalegn, who took over after the death last month of longtime leader Meles Zenawi at the end of a congress of party bosses.
    (AP, 9/15/12)
2012        Sep 15, Gambian President Yahya Jammeh issued a statement saying that has he suspended the imminent executions of 37 inmates sentenced to death, as long as violent crime does not rise in Gambia.
    (AP, 9/15/12)
2012        Sep 15, In Lebanon Pope Benedict XVI appealed for religious freedom in the Middle East, calling it fundamental for stability in a region bloodied by sectarian strife.
    (AP, 9/15/12)
2012        Sep 15, The Merlin entertainment group opened a Legoland theme park in Malaysia.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Legoland_Malaysia)(Econ, 11/16/13, p.72)
2012        Sep 15, In Russia tens of thousands of people marched across downtown Moscow in the first major protest in three months against President Vladimir Putin, a sign of the opposition's strength despite the Kremlin's efforts to muzzle dissent.
    (AP, 9/15/12)
2012        Sep 15, South African police fired rubber bullets and tear gas sending men, women and children scattering as they herded them into their shacks in a crackdown on striking miners at the at Lonmin PLC platinum mine.
    (AP, 9/15/12)
2012        Sep 15, In Spain tens of thousands of people from all over the country converged on Madrid to hold a large anti-austerity demonstration.
    (AP, 9/15/12)
2012        Sep 15, Tunisia's governing moderate Islamist party condemned the attack on the U.S. Embassy in Tunis and the neighboring American school, saying Saturday that such violence threatens the country's progress toward democracy after decades of dictatorship.
    (AP, 9/15/12)
2012        Sep 15, In southeast Turkey an attack on a military convoy killed four soldiers and wounded five in Hakkari province.
    (AP, 9/16/12)
2012        Sep 15, Zimbabwe PM Morgan Tsvangirai (60) went ahead with wedding celebrations despite a court ruling that cancelled his marriage license on allegations that he would be committing bigamy. Tsvangirai and his bride, Elizabeth Macheka (35), exchanged vows and rings at a luxury convention facility in Harare but did not sign the legal marriage register.
    (AP, 9/15/12)

2012        Sep 16, It was reported that a 19th person has died at the National Institutes of Health Clinical Center in Bethesda, Md., from an antibiotic-resistant strain of Klebsiella pneumoniae (KPC). The outbreak stemmed from a single patient carrying the superbug into the hospital last summer.
    (SSFC, 9/16/12, p.A7)
2012        Sep 16, It was reported that a $300,000 project by the Nature Conservancy has created an artificial bat cave deep in the Tennessee woods. Conservationists hoped to help save bats dying from a fungus that causes white-nose syndrome.
    (SSFC, 9/16/12, p.A22)
2012        Sep 16, An Afghan police officer turned his gun on NATO troops at a remote checkpoint in the south of the country before dawn, killing four American troops. Airstrikes by NATO planes reportedly killed 8 women and girls in Laghman province. NATO forces said that the strike killed a large number of insurgents, as many as 45, but may have also killed civilians. Gen. John Allen ordered a temporary scaling back of joint operations with Afghan police and soldiers.
    (AP, 9/16/12)(Economist, 9/22/12, p.50)
2012        Sep 16, Guyana authorities said they have seized about 60 pounds of cocaine at the Cheddi Jagan Int’l.  Airport.
    (SFC, 9/17/12, p.A2)
2012        Sep 16, Iranian newspapers reported that the 15 Khordad Foundation, a religious foundation, has increased a reward for killing British author Salman Rushdie to $3.3 million from $2.8 million in response to alleged insults to the Prophet Muhammad.
    (AP, 9/16/12)
2012        Sep 16, In Iraq the last big batch of a group of controversial Iranian exiles reluctantly left Camp Ashraf, their decades-old home in northeast Iraq, and moved to a refugee camp outside Baghdad, taking what officials say is a necessary step towards resettling them in other nations. An estimated 200 exiles remained to try to sell off the property that was left behind in the move.
    (AP, 9/16/12)
2012        Sep 16, The CEO of EL AL Airlines said Israel's national airline will stop flying to Cairo, even though the Israel-Egypt peace treaty mandates flights to the country. Eliezer Shkedi said that flights are nearly empty, and the airline cannot afford the high security and operating costs.
    (AP, 9/16/12)
2012        Sep 16, In Nigeria Red Cross officials said they have found 25 corpses following a massive flood from the Benue River in Adamawa state.
    (SFC, 9/17/12, p.A2)
2012        Sep 16, Hundreds of Pakistanis protesting an anti-Islam video produced in the US clashed with police as they tried to march toward the US Consulate in Karachi.
    (AP, 9/16/12)
2012        Sep 16, In northwestern Pakistan a roadside bomb ripped through a minibus near the Afghan border, killing 15 passengers and wounded 12 others in Lower Dir district.
    (AP, 9/16/12)
2012        Sep 16, Sudan's President Omar al-Bashir arrived in Egypt for a state visit, even though he is wanted for arrest by the International Criminal Court.
    (AP, 9/16/12)
2012        Sep 16, Syrian activists reported heavy bombardment of rebel-held areas throughout the country. The state-run news agency said troops have captured and cleared the neighborhood of Midan in the embattled northern city of Aleppo.
    (AP, 9/16/12)
2012        Sep 16, In eastern Turkey suspected Kurdish rebels detonated a landmine along a highway in Bingol province, killing eight police officers and wounding nine. Officials in southeastern Hakkari province said a total of 123 "terrorists," a reference to Kurdish rebels, had been killed in military operations in the past 10 days.
    (AP, 9/16/12)

2012        Sep 17, The US government lodged a trade complaint alleging that China unfairly subsidizes car-part exports.
    (Economist, 9/22/12, p.37)
2012        Sep 17, California’s Gov. Jerry Brown signed SB661, which set a buffer zone of 300 feet for any protests at funeral homes.
    (SFC, 9/18/12, p.C1)
2012        Sep 17, NYC police arrested 185 protesters who had gathered for a one year anniversary of the Occupy Wall Street movement to prevent them from forming “People’s Wall" around the NY Stock Exchange.
    (Economist, 9/22/12, p.40)
2012        Sep 17, In North Carolina new DNA evidence was presented in the case against convicted Dr. Jerry MacDonald (68) regarding the Feb 17, 1970 murders of his wife and 2 daughters. The evidence pointed to other suspects.
    (SFC, 9/18/12, p.A7)
2012        Sep 17, Russell Train (b.1920), renowned conservationist, died at his farm in Bozman, Md. He was widely considered the father of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 under pres. Nixon.
    (SFC, 9/19/12, p.C6)
2012        Sep 17, In Afghanistan hundreds of protesters  burned cars and threw rocks at a US military base in Kabul.
    (SFC, 9/18/12, p.A4)
2012        Sep 17, In Indonesia hundreds of people clashed with police outside the US Embassy in Jakarta.
    (SFC, 9/18/12, p.A4)
2012        Sep 17, In Iraq slammed a car packed with explosives into one of the gates of Baghdad’s Green Zone killing 8 people.
    (SFC, 9/18/12, p.A2)
2012        Sep 17, In northern Mexico 132 prisoners escaped from a state prison in Piedras Negras. On Sep 19 a judge ruled that the director of the prison and 2 employees and 13 other prison employees be held for 40 days under a form of house arrest pending possible charges.
    (SFC, 9/18/12, p.A2)(SFC, 9/20/12, p.A2)
2012        Sep 17, The government of Myanmar said it was releasing 514 prisoners.
    (SFC, 9/18/12, p.A2)
2012        Sep 17, Typhoon Sanba lashed North and South Korea killing at least 2 people.
    (SFC, 9/18/12, p.A2)
2012        Sep 17, In Pakistan several hundred people chanted slogans and burned an American flag in Lahore, leaving 2 dead. Hundreds of people battled police in Karachi for a second day as they tried to reach the US Consulate, leaving one person killed.
    (SFC, 9/18/12, p.A4)
2012        Sep 17, Syrian warplanes hit Lebanese territory. 4 missiles hit the border town of Arsal, but no casualties were reported.
    (SFC, 9/18/12, p.A2)

2012        Sep 18, YouTube said that it was stopping users in Saudi Arabia from viewing “Innocence of Muslims," an anti-Islam video that has sparked protests across the Muslim world, after the kingdom's press agency reported that the ruler had banned all access to the film and the site appeared to be blocked there.
    (AP, 9/18/12)
2012        Sep 18, An Arizona judge said the police can immediately start enforcing the “show me your papers" provision of the state’s controversial immigration law.
    (SFC, 9/19/12, p.A6)
2012        Sep 18, In Oakland, Ca., Mary Nolan (60), a divorce lawyer linked to the Contra Costa “dirty DUI" scandal, was arrested and charged with one count of unlawful interception of communications, and 4 counts of tax evasion. On Sep 27 Nolan pleaded guilty 5 federal felony charges. She had hired investigator Christopher Butler to plant a secret listening device in the car of a client’s ex-husband. Butler was involved in private sting operations nicknamed “dirty DUIs."
    (SFC, 9/19/12, p.C1)(SFC, 9/28/13, p.D1)
2012        Sep 18, The Chicago Teachers Union’s House of Delegates decided to end their strike, the city’s first in the last 25 years.
    (SFC, 9/19/12, p.A6)
2012        Sep 18, Karen King of Harvard Univ. presented at a conference in Rome a translation of newly-discovered text of the early Christian era that seems to quote Jesus speaking of “my wife."
    (Economist, 9/22/12, p.70)
2012        Sep 18, In Afghanistan a female suicide bomb attack on a minivan carrying foreign workers that killed 12 people. Afghan militants claimed responsibility saying it was retaliation for a film mocking the Prophet Mohammad.
    (Reuters, 9/18/12)
2012        Sep 18, Two unarmed policewomen were killed in a shooting in Manchester. Police constables Fiona Bone (32) and Nicola Hughes (23) were gunned down in a hail of bullets after responding to a hoax call about a burglary in the northern English city of Manchester. The attack was by Dale Cregan (29), one of Britain’s most wanted fugitives, and was likely to reignite a long-running debate in Britain over whether officers should carry guns.
    (Reuters, 9/18/12)(Reuters, 9/19/12)
2012        Sep 18, In China the trial of former Chengdu police chief Wang Lijun ended. He confessed to defection as well as 3 other charges including abuse of power, taking bribes and bending the law for personal gain. On Sep 24 Lijun was sentenced to 15 years in prison.
    (SFC, 9/19/12, p.A4)(AP, 9/24/12)
2012        Sep 18, Daniel Barrera, one of Colombia's most wanted drug traffickers, was captured in neighboring Venezuela with the help of Caracas as well as British and US intelligence agencies. He had a $5 million bounty on his head from the United States and $2.7 million from Colombia's government.
    (AP, 9/18/12)
2012        Sep 18, Egypt's general prosecutor issued arrest warrants for seven Egyptian Coptic Christians and a Florida-based American pastor and referred them to trial on charges linked to an anti-Islam film that has sparked riots across the Muslim world. The prosecutor's office said the seven men and one woman, all of whom are believed to be outside of Egypt, are charged with harming national unity, insulting and publicly attacking Islam and spreading false information.
    (AFP, 9/18/12)
2012        Sep 18, In Mexico a government helicopter carrying a crew making a tourism video crashed into at Lake Zirahuen in Michoacan state. The video director drowned, while three crew members and a state employee escaped.
    (AP, 9/18/12)
2012        Sep 18, In Mexico 29 people were killed in a fire at a gas pipeline distribution center near Reynosa across from McAllen, Texas.
    (AP, 9/19/12)
2012        Sep 18, Pakistan’s PM Raja Pervaiz Ashraf told a Supreme Court panel that his government will no longer stand in the way of a revival of the long graft case in Switzerland against Pres. Asif Ali Zardari.
    (SFC, 9/19/12, p.A2)
2012        Sep 18, Somali officials said Islamist extremist fighters have started to leave their coastal stronghold of Kismayo in the face of advancing allied African troops.
    (SFC, 9/19/12, p.A2)
2012        Sep 18, Striking platinum miners in South Africa signed a wage deal ending a bloody 5-week strike at the Lonmin PLC mine that had spread to the gold and chrome sectors of the industry which anchors the economy of Africa's richest economy.
    (AP, 9/18/12)
2012        Sep 18, Santiago Carrillo (b.1915), former leader of Spain’s Communist Party (1960-1982), died in Madrid. In 2014 Pauil Preston authored “The Last Stalinist: The Life of Santiago Carrillo."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Santiago_Carrillo)(Econ, 9/13/14, p.90)
2012        Sep 18, In Syria fierce clashes broke out between rebels and regime forces battling for control of a border crossing on the frontier with Turkey. Turkish authorities told residents to evacuate the area.
    (AP, 9/18/12)
2012        Sep 18, In Turkey suspected Kurdish rebels in Bingol province attacked a military convoy with a rocket killing 10 soldiers and wounded over 70 others.
    (SFC, 9/19/12, p.A2)
2012        Sep 18, In Venezuela Daniel Barrera, one of Colombia’s most wanted drug lords, was captured in San Cristobal. Barrera, aka “El Loco," has been in Venezuela since 2008, posing as a cattle rancher.
    (SFC, 9/20/12, p.A4)

2012        Sep 19, The US Congress presented Aung San Suu Kyi of Myanmar the Congressional Medal of Honor, which she was awarded in 2008 while still under house arrest for her peaceful struggle against military rule.
    (SFC, 9/20/12, p.A6)
2012        Sep 19, The US Justice Dept. issued its report on Operation Fast and Furious, exonerating Attorney Gen’l. Eric Holder. The report condemned a federal agency for compromising public safety by allowing gun smuggling to Mexico.
    (SFC, 9/20/12, p.A6)
2012        Sep 19, An int’l. team of researchers published the full genome of the Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas, making it the first mollusk fully sequenced.
    (SFC, 9/20/12, p.A7)
2012        Sep 19, A French magazine ridiculed the Prophet Mohammad on by portraying him naked in cartoons, threatening to fuel the anger of Muslims around the world who are already incensed by a film depiction of him as a lecherous fool. A grenade exploded at a kosher grocery store in a Jewish neighborhood in the Paris suburb of Sarcelles. One person was slightly injured.
    (Reuters, 9/19/12)(AP, 10/6/12)
2012        Sep 19, In Georgia a senior officials in charge of prisons resigned after a TV station broadcast graphic footage of prison inmates being brutally beaten and sodomized by guards.
    (SFC, 9/20/12, p.A2)
2012        Sep 19, Italy’s Supreme Court upheld the convictions of 23 Americans for the 2003 abduction of Egyptian cleric Osama Moustafa Hasan Nasr, aka  Abu Omar, in Milan.
    (SFC, 9/20/12, p.A2)
2012        Sep 19, Japan’s government stopped short of formally adopting a goal to phase out nuclear power by 2040, a goal that had been announced a week earlier. The government opened its new Nuclear Regulation Authority, which pledged never to allow another disaster like the Fukushima triple meltdown.
    (SFC, 9/20/12, p.A5)(SSFC, 9/23/12, p.A4)
2012        Sep 19, Nigerian security forces fighting the Boko Haram Islamist sect in the northeast of the country killed two commanders from the group and arrested eight other members in two separate incidents.
    (Reuters, 9/21/12)
2012        Sep 19, In Pakistan a bomb targeting a military vehicle on the outskirts of Peshawar struck a passenger van instead, killing at least 8 civilians. Security officials said they found the bodies of 29 militants in the Bajur area, where the military recently staged a 2-week battle against Taliban fighters from Afghanistan.
    (SFC, 9/20/12, p.A2)
2012        Sep 19, In Paraguay a powerful storm killed 5 people and left thousands without shelter.
    (SFC, 9/20/12, p.A2)
2012        Sep 19, Russia’s foreign ministry said that the US Agency for Int’l. Development was being barred from operating in the country beginning October 1 because it had meddled in elections. Golos, an independent Russian organization whose monitors reported massive fraud during elections, was a recipient of US AID grants and would be one of the first victims of the ruling.
    (SFC, 9/20/12, p.A3)
2012        Sep 19, Syrian rebels seized control of a border crossing on the frontier with Turkey, pulling down the Syrian flag and briefly allowing people to crawl under a barbed wire barrier between the countries. The rebel seizure of the Tal Abyad post is believed to be the first time they have overrun a frontier post in the northern province of Raqqa.
    (AP, 9/19/12)

2012        Sep 20, US officials said the last of the US surge troops have left Afghanistan. This left 68,000 American forces still in the war zone.
    (SFC, 9/21/12, p.A2)
2012        Sep 20, A SF judge issued a warrant for the arrest of Jay Shah (48), an associate of con artist Kaushal Niroula (31), a Nepalese exchange student known as the “Dark Prince." Shah was convicted a day earlier of 13 felonies linked to a $2.2 million condominium scam. Shah was apprehended by police in Watsonville on Oct 3.
    (SFC, 9/21/12, p.C2)(SFC, 10/5/12, p.C4)
2012        Sep 20, In Cleveland, Ohio, Samuel Mullet and 15 Amish followers were convicted of federal conspiracy and hate crimes for orchestrating a series of beard and hair-cutting attacks in 2011.
    (SFC, 9/21/12, p.A7)
2012        Sep 20, In Texas Robert Wayne Harris (40) was executed by lethal injection. He had confessed to killing 5 people at a Dallas-area car wash in March 2000.
    (SFC, 9/21/12, p.A7)
2012        Sep 20, British gangster Charlie Richardson (b.1934), one of the most feared underworld figures of 1960s London, died. He had fought a vicious turf war with the more famous Kray brothers. Known as the "Torture Gang", his associates were said to nail victims to the floor, cut off their toes with bolt cutters and give them electric shocks in a bath full of water. He was the subject of a 2004 feature film, "Charlie."
    (Reuters, 9/20/12)
2012        Sep 20, In Colombia a judge revoked the 2008 acquittal of Angelo Caceres, alias “El Piloso," and ordered his arrest. Caceres was accused in 2006 as a co-author of the 1999 killing of 3 Americans. His whereabouts were not known.
    (SFC, 9/21/12, p.A2)
2012        Sep 20, The Czech Republic banned the export to EU countries of spirits with more than 20 percent alcohol content after 23 people who drank bootleg booze tainted with methanol.
    (AP, 9/20/12)
2012        Sep 20, In Georgia street protests against the brutal abuse of prisoners escalated in Tbilisi, fueling anger against the Western-allied government and possibly boosting support for the opposition before a tight parliamentary election.
    (AP, 9/20/12)
2012        Sep 20, In Ivory Coast two attacks on military positions killed seven people, including one soldier, in the commercial capital of Abidjan.
    (AP, 9/21/12)
2012        Sep 20, Nigeria's largest airline Arik Air Ltd. halted all its domestic flights indefinitely as its leaders alleged government corruption made it impossible for the carrier to fly. Domestic flights resumed on Sep 23.
    (AP, 9/20/12)(SSFC, 9/23/12, p.A6)
2012        Sep 20, In Pakistan US Embassy advertisements condemning an anti-Islam video appeared on national television in an attempt to undercut anger against the United States.
    (AP, 9/20/12)
2012        Sep 20, In Somalia a suicide bombing killed 14 people at a Mogadishu cafe frequented by politicians and journalists.
    (AP, 9/21/12)
2012        Sep 20, In Syria at least 30 people were killed and dozens wounded in regime air strikes on a gas station in the northern town of Ain Issa.
    (AP, 9/20/12)

2012        Sep 21, The Romney campaign said Mitt and his wife, Ann, paid $1.94 million in federal taxes on last year's income of $13.7 million, for an effective tax rate of 14.1 percent. That's slightly above the 13.9 percent rate the couple paid in 2010. Most of the 2011 income was from investments.
    (AP, 9/21/12)
2012        Sep 21, The US Justice Department made public the names of 55 Guantanamo prisoners who have been approved for transfer to the custody of other countries.
    (AP, 9/21/12)
2012        Sep 21, US officials said the Mujahedeen Khalq, an Iranian opposition group in Iraq, has been removed from the state’s list of terrorist organizations.
    (SFC, 9/22/12, p.A2)
2012        Sep 21, In California it was reported that the Yolo County district attorney has concluded a 12-page report saying UC Davis police did not commit a criminal act when they pepper sprayed peaceful protesters on Nov 18, 2011. The report said the 21 students had engaged in active resistance by linking arms.
    (SFC, 9/21/12, p.C4)
2012        Sep 21, Bahrain arrested 29 people in the commercial district of the capital Manama as anti-government protesters marched in the city center.
    (Reuters, 9/22/12)
2012        Sep 21, The shattered opposition in Belarus urged people on Friday to boycott a parliamentary election which they denounce as a sham.
    (Reuters, 9/21/12)
2012        Sep 21, EDF Energy, the UK arm of France's state-owned utility, started planning procedures to build a second new nuclear plant in Britain.
    (Reuters, 9/21/12)
2012        Sep 21, Chinese and Venezuelan officials signed an agreement to jointly develop one of the world's largest gold mines.
    (AP, 9/21/12)
2012        Sep 21, A German court in Baden-Baden said Aribert Heim, a Nazi concentration camp doctor, died of cancer in Cairo in 1992. He was known as Dr. Death for his unnecessary operations.
    (SFC, 9/22/12, p.A2)
2012        Sep 21, In Georgia thousands rallied to demand the prosecution of top officials fired in a prison abuse scandal.
    (AP, 9/21/12)
2012        Sep 21, In Guinea anti-riot police dispersed protesters in the Medina market of the capital, after a riot broke out between sellers from the Peul and Malinke ethnic groups. At least one person was killed.
    (AP, 9/21/12)
2012        Sep 21, An elite Indonesian anti-terror squad arrested 8 Islamic militants and seized a dozen homemade bombs from a group suspected of planning suicide attacks against security forces and the government. 2 more were arrested over the next 2 days.
    (AP, 9/23/12)(SSFC, 9/23/12, p.A6)
2012        Sep 21, Israeli troops shot and killed three militants attempting to infiltrate the country from Egypt, thwarting a major terror attack. An Israeli soldier was killed in the shootout.
    (AP, 9/21/12)
2012        Sep 21, In Libya tens of thousands marched in Benghazi to the gates of one of the country's strongest armed Islamic extremist groups, demanding it disband. Protesters attacked the base of the jihadist militia known as Ansar al-Sharia, which was responsible for the Sep 11 attack that killed US ambassador Chris Stevens. Two Libyan protesters were killed and dozens wounded as hundreds of demonstrators attacked militia compounds in a surge of anger at armed groups.
    (AP, 9/21/12)(AP, 9/22/12)(Economist, 9/29/12, p.54)
2012        Sep 21, Royal Dutch Shell PLC said it is suing Greenpeace International in Dutch court in an attempt to end protests against its plans to drill for offshore oil in the Artic Sea.
    (AP, 9/21/12)
2012        Sep 21, Nigeria's Central Bank barred the nation's top two airlines from receiving any additional loans over their massive outstanding debts.
    (AP, 9/21/12)
2012        Sep 21, In Pakistan a “Day of Love for the Prophet" ended with at least 19 people killed and more than 160 wounded in clashes between police and people protesting a film that denigrates Islam's Prophet Muhammad.
    (AP, 9/21/12)(SFC, 9/22/12, p.A2)
2012        Sep 21, South African authorities issued an arrest warrant for ANC renegade Julius Malema, President Jacob Zuma's most vocal critic and a key backer.
    (Reuters, 9/21/12)
2012        Sep 21, In the Dutch Caribbean territory of St. Maarten the bodies of Michael and Thelma King of South Carolina were found in their condominium at the Ocean Club Resort. A suspect was arrested on Sep 23.
    (SFC, 9/24/12, p.A5)
2012        Sep 21, In southern Thailand suspected Muslim insurgents detonated a car bomb that killed six people in Pattani province's Sai Buri district after businesses received warnings against opening on the Muslim holy day.
    (AP, 9/21/12)
2012        Sep 21, A Turkish court convicted 326 military officers, including the former air force and navy chiefs, of plotting to overthrow the PM Erdogan’s Islamic-based government in 2003.
    (AP, 9/21/12)(Economist, 9/29/12, p.59)

2012        Sep 22, Demonstrators in the US and other countries took part in the “Global Frackdown," in protests against the natural gas drilling process known as fracking.
    (SSFC, 9/23/12, p.A10)
2012        Sep 22, In California Gov. Jerry Brown signed a bill allowing nurses to dispense birth control.
    (SSFC, 9/23/12, p.A10)
2012        Sep 22, NATO said a service member with the international military force in Afghanistan has been killed in an insurgent attack in the eastern part of the country.
    (AP, 9/22/12)
2012        Sep 22, In Australia Jill Meagher (29) was raped and strangled as she walked home from a bar after an evening out with work colleagues in Melbourne. On Jun 19, 2013, sex offender Adrian Ernest Bayley (41) was sentenced to life in prison for the rape and murder. He had been free on parole after previous convictions for raping five women.
    (AP, 6/19/13)
2012        Sep 22, In Bangladesh scores of people were injured in clashes in the capital between police and hundreds of demonstrators, as protests continued in the Muslim world against a film that denigrates the Prophet Muhammad.
    (AP, 9/22/12)
2012        Sep 22, Egypt’s chief forensic doctor said in a published interview that  former Pres. Hosni Mubarak has never suffered a stroke and that he is not in critical condition.
    (SSFC, 9/23/12, p.A6)
2012        Sep 22, In Iraq a roadside bomb attack killed 5 soldiers on a military convoy near the predominantly Sunni town of Duluiyah.
    (SSFC, 9/23/12, p.A8)
2012        Sep 22, The Libyan Islamist militia Ansar al-Sharia said it had evacuated its bases in Benghazi in the interest of security.
    (Reuters, 9/22/12)(AP, 9/22/12)
2012        Sep 22, In northwest Pakistan a US drone has two missiles at a vehicle in North Waziristan, killing four suspected militants.
    (AP, 9/22/12)
2012        Sep 22, Qatar said it will make critical investments in a $3.7 billion oil refinery project in Egypt that's among the biggest economic initiatives since the 2011 fall of Hosni Mubarak.
    (AP, 9/22/12)
2012        Sep 22, Russian officials said 4 police officers ad 4 suspected militants have been killed over the last two days in fighting in Chechnya.
    (SSFC, 9/23/12, p.A6)
2012        Sep 22, In Russia Alexander Maximov (29) crashed his car into a bus stop in Moscow, killing 5 teenagers from an orphanage and their 2 carers. He had been drinking for 2 days and was traveling more than 200 km per hour (120 miles per hour) when he lost control of his car. On May 22, 2013 Maximov was sentenced to eight and a half years in prison.
    (AP, 9/23/12)(AP, 5/22/13)(http://tinyurl.com/ov55fyf)
2012        Sep 22, Syrian rebels and government troops fought a fierce battle near the border with Jordan that last several hours. The leaders of the rebel Free Syrian Army said they have moved their command center from Turkey to Syria with the aim of uniting rebels.
    (AP, 9/22/12)
2012        Sep 22, In northern Yemen 12 fighters were killed in ongoing clashes between Shiite tribesmen allied with the country's former leader and ultraconservative Sunnis.
    (AP, 9/22/12)

2012        Sep 23, The 2012 US Emmy Awards were presented.
    (SFC, 9/24/12, p.C1)(www.emmys.com)
2012        Sep 23, Belarus held parliamentary elections without the main opposition parties, which boycotted the vote to protest the detention of political prisoners. Not a single opposition politician won a seat in the parliament in the vote. Int’l vote observers the next day condemned the elections as lacking in competition.
    (AP, 9/23/12)(AP, 9/24/12)
2012        Sep 23, It was reported that Germany has launched a war crimes investigation against Johann Breyer, (b.1925) a Philadelphia man it accuses of serving as an SS guard at the Auschwitz death camp.
    (AP, 9/23/12)
2012        Sep 23, In Honduras human rights lawyer Antonio Trejo Cabrera was shot dead while attending a wedding in Tegucigalpa. He had fought a proposal to build 3 privately run cities with their own police and tax systems.
    (SFC, 9/24/12, p.A2)
2012        Sep 23, In India officials said a flash flood in the northeast had killed at least 9 construction workers and left 15 others missing in Chungthan. At least 30 people were killed in the state of Sikkim. Some ten thousand villagers were cut off by heavy road damage.
    (SFC, 9/24/12, p.A2)(SFC, 9/25/12, p.A2)
2012        Sep 23, In Iraq attacks killed five people in Baghdad, targeting security forces and Shiite Muslims in the small but steady stream of continuing violence.
    (AP, 9/23/12)
2012        Sep 23, Libya's army ordered rogue armed groups in and around the capital to leave state and military premises in Tripoli or be ejected by force.
    (AP, 9/23/12)
2012        Sep 23, In northwestern Nepal an avalanche swept away climbers and their camps on the world's eighth highest mountain, killing at least nine people. Six people remained missing.
    (Reuters, 9/23/12)(AP, 9/24/12)
2012        Sep 23, In northern Nigeria a suicide car bomber blew himself up outside a Catholic church, killing himself and at least two other people. In the southeast 20 people died when a broken gasoline pipeline caught fire, burning alive those gathering the fuel in Abia state.
    (Reuters, 9/23/12)(AP, 10/1/12)
2012        Sep 23, In Somalia a Kenyan soldier allegedly shot dead six Somalis believed to be civilians caught up in the ongoing battle between allied African troops and extremist insurgents.
    (AP, 9/24/12)
2012        Sep 23, Syrian opposition figures called for the overthrow of President Bashar Assad at a rare meeting of anti-regime groups held in the government-controlled capital.
    (AP, 9/24/12)

2012        Sep 24, A federal appeals court reversed itself ruling that the US Army Corps of Engineers is not liable for devastation caused in Hurricane Katrina from a government-built navigation canal. The same court had ruled in march that the government was liable for some of the flooding, affirming a 2009 ruling.
    (SFC, 9/26/12, p.A5)
2012        Sep 24, In San Francisco the Purple Onion Comedy Club featured its final show. All items from the “dungeon" club were scheduled to be auctioned off the following day.
    (SSFC, 9/16/12, p.A1)
2012        Sep 24, In Brazil a judge ordered the arrest of the president of Google’s local operations for failure to remove YouTube videos that attacked a mayoral candidate.
    (SFC, 9/26/12, p.A2)
2012        Sep 24, The British government said it would allocate 1 billion pounds towards a new state-backed business bank designed to expand lending to smaller firms.
    (Reuters, 9/24/12)
2012        Sep 24, Czech Rep. officials said 2 people have been arrested in the wave of methanol poisoning that has killed at least 25 people.
    (SFC, 9/25/12, p.A2)
2012        Sep 24, An Egyptian court sentenced 14 Salafists to death by hanging and four to life imprisonment for attacks last year on army and police in the Sinai.
    (Reuters, 9/24/12)(Economist, 9/29/12, p.55)
2012        Sep 24, A court in southwestern France convicted a factory chief and a subsidiary of oil giant Total of manslaughter for an explosion at a chemical plant in September, 2001, that killed 31 people.
    (AP, 9/24/12)
2012        Sep 24, In India Ranjit Singh, an alleged drug kingpin, escaped from police custody while being transported back by train to Delhi’s Tihar Jail from a hearing in northern Punjab state. He was suspected of running a $40 million heroin and methamphetamine network. His escape was not made public until Sep 25.
    (SFC, 9/28/12, p.A4)
2012        Sep 24, In Iraq a suicide car bomb went off near a school in western Anbar province, killing four children.
    (AP, 9/24/12)
2012        Sep 24, An Israeli court spared former PM Ehud Olmert (66) a prison term for breach of trust, opening the door to a political comeback. Olmert was ordered to pay an $18,000 fine and serve a one year suspended sentence.
    (Reuters, 9/24/12)(SFC, 9/25/12, p.A3)
2012        Sep 24, Kazakhstan’s PM Karim Masimov resigned after leading the oil-rich Central Asian nation for more than five years and shepherding its economy through the global financial crises.
    (AP, 9/24/12)
2012        Sep 24, The Pakistani government distanced itself from an offer by one of its Cabinet ministers to pay $100,000 for anyone who kills the maker of an anti-Islam film. A pair of missiles from a US spy aircraft hit North Waziristan killing 5 militants.
    (AP, 9/24/12)(SFC, 9/25/12, p.A2)
2012        Sep 24, Palestinian officials said Khaled Mashaal, the supreme leader of the Palestinian Islamic militant group Hamas, has decided to step down, clearing the way for the movement to choose a new head for the first time.
    (AP, 9/24/12)
2012        Sep 24, Syrian warplanes bombed two buildings in the northern city of Aleppo, killing at least five people including three children from the same family.
    (AP, 9/24/12)
2012        Sep 24, A Vietnamese court issued jail sentences from 4 to 12 years to three bloggers who wrote about human rights abuses, corruption and foreign policy.
    (SFC, 9/25/12, p.A2)
2012        Sep 24, In Yemen gunmen killed a senior intelligence officer in a drive-by shooting as he emerged from his office in the capital. Col. Abdullah al-Ashwal was the most senior official to be assassinated in Sanaa.
    (AP, 9/24/12)

2012        Sep 25, California’s Gov. Jerry Brown signed SB1298 making robotic vehicles legal in the state. This made California the 3rd state to affirm driverless vehicles. He also signed bills that will keep the state parks open for the next two years.
    (SFC, 9/26/12, p.A1)(NYT, 9/27/12, p.A18)
2012        Sep 25, Andy Williams (b.1927), popular American singer, died at his Branson, Missouri, home. He had 18 gold records, 3 platinum and 5 Grammy nominations. Williams hosted the “The Andy Williams Show" from 1962-1971.
    (SFC, 9/27/12, p.A10)
2012        Sep 25, In Texas Cleve Foster (48), a former Army recruiter, was executed  for the slaying of Nyaneur Pal (30) in 2002. He was also charged but never tried for the rape slaying of Rachel Urnosky in Fort Worth.
    (SFC, 9/26/12, p.A5)
2012        Sep 25, China formally entered its first aircraft carrier into service on Tuesday, underscoring its ambitions to be a leading Asian naval power.
    (AP, 9/25/12)
2012        Sep 25, An Egyptian court convicted three Islamists of killing a student this summer as he sat in a quiet park with his fiancée, sentencing them to 15 years in prison in a case that sparked fears of vigilantes trying to enforce strict religious mores.
    (AP, 9/25/12)
2012        Sep 25, Iran's telecommunication minister said the government has blocked Google's Gmail service following a court order to bar access to the popular email service.
    (AP, 9/25/12)
2012        Sep 25, In central Iraq a wave of attacks by insurgents killed 9 people and wounded 19.
    (AP, 9/25/12)
2012        Sep 25, Japanese and Taiwanese ships shot water cannon at each other in the latest confrontation over tiny islands (Senkaku / Diaoyu) in the East China Sea.
    (SFC, 9/26/12, p.A4)
2012        Sep 25, Kenya's military said that its bombing of the Somali port city of Kismayo destroyed a warehouse and armory belonging to the Islamist militant group al-Shabab, which controls the city.
    (AP, 9/25/12)
2012        Sep 25, In Libya Omran Shaaban, one of the young rebels credited with capturing Moammar Gadhafi in a drainage ditch nearly a year ago, died of injuries after being kidnapped, beaten and slashed by the late dictator's supporters.
    (AP, 9/25/12)
2012        Sep 25, In Nigeria government forces in Damaturu announced that they had killed 35 Boko Haram members in a single night-time raid with several arrested.
    (Economist, 9/29/12, p.52)
2012        Sep 25, South Africa's labor unrest spread from its mines to the transport sector. The country's transport union said more than 20,000 road freight employees were on strike demanding a pay increase.
    (AP, 9/25/12)
2012        Sep 25, Spanish police arrested 38 people and 64 people injured when officers clashed with protesters demonstrating against austerity cutbacks and tax hikes. Catalonia’s president said that his region will hold early elections on Nov 25.
    (AP, 9/26/12)(Economist, 9/29/12, p.16)
2012        Sep 25, Syrian soldiers fought rebels in a firefight that killed nine people and sent several mortars sailing across the border into the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights.
    (AP, 9/25/12)
2012        Sep 25, Uruguay legislators just before midnight voted 50-49 to legalize abortion. On Oct 17 Uruguay’s Senate approved a bill allowing abortions during the first trimester for any reason. Pres. Jose Mujica has vowed to sign the bill.
    (AP, 9/26/12)(SFC, 10/18/12, p.A2)

2012        Sep 26, US defense officials said Fort Bragg, NC, Brig. Gen. Jeffrey A. Sinclair faces possible courts martial on charges that include forced sex with several female subordinates and fraudulent claims on a government charge card. In 2014 Sinclair (51) pleaded guilty to less serious counts of misconduct in a deal that included the dropping of sexual assault charges.
    (SFC, 9/27/12, p.A7)(SFC, 3/6/14, p.A8)(SFC, 3/18/14, p.A7)
2012        Sep 26, California Gov. Jerry Brown signed a bill banning the use of dogs for hunting bears and bobcats.
    (SFC, 9/27/12, p.C1)
2012        Sep 26, The Univ. of California agreed to $1 million legal settlement with students pepper sprayed by police during a protest last November. 21 students will receive about $30,000 each and a written apology from the university chancellor.
    (SFC, 9/27/12, p.C3)
2012        Sep 26, In Oregon hog farmer Terry Vance Garner (69) never returned after he set out to feed his animals on his farm in Coos County. A family member found Garner's dentures and pieces of his body in the hog enclosure several hours later, but most of his remains had been consumed.
    (AP, 10/1/12)
2012        Sep 26, In eastern Afghanistan a suicide attack on a NATO patrol killed two service members in the U.S.-led coalition in Logar province.
    (AP, 9/26/12)
2012        Sep 26, Radical Islamist cleric Abu Hamza al-Masri (54) won a delay in his extradition from Britain to the United States, days after he lost an appeal to the European Court of Human Rights.
    (Reuters, 9/27/12)
2012        Sep 26, Germany's top administrative court ruled that Catholics who opt out of paying religious taxes must automatically leave the church as well. Germany's bishops announced last week that believers who refuse to pay the tax are committing a "grave lapse" and as a result won't be able to receive the sacrament, become godparents or have a religious funeral.
    (AP, 9/26/12)
2012        Sep 26, Greek police clashed with hooded rioters hurling petrol bombs as tens of thousands took to the streets of Athens in a general strike in Greece's biggest anti-austerity protest in more than a year.
    (Reuters, 9/26/12)(Economist, 9/29/12, p.57)
2012        Sep 26, Guinea officials said two-thirds of the country's foreign debt is going to be canceled. The move came after Guinea qualified for heavily indebted poor country status, meaning that more than $2.4 billion of its debt now will be cancelled.
    (AP, 9/26/12)
2012        Sep 26, In western India 17 bus passengers died when their vehicle plunged into the Purna river in Maharashtra state.
    (SFC, 9/27/12, p.A2)
2012        Sep 26, In Indonesia a passenger ferry collided with a ship believed to be carrying liquefied natural gas and sank west of Sumatra island, killing at least eight people.
    (AP, 9/26/12)
2012        Sep 26, Mexican troops clashed with an armed group near a church in the southern town of Tepecoacuilco de Trujano, leaving 11 people dead, including a soldier and one woman.
    (AP, 9/26/12)
2012        Sep 26, Mexicans took to the streets to protest a new law aimed at modernizing rules in the workplace and making the country’s powerful, corrupt unions more accountable.
    (SFC, 9/27/12, p.A2)
2012        Sep 26, Saudi Arabian authorities were reported holding 908 female Nigerian pilgrims heading to Mecca over a rule requiring them to travel with a husband or male companion.
    (SFC, 9/27/12, p.A2)
2012        Sep 26, South Africa’s AngloGold Ashanti said that it has halted all its operations in the country in response to persistent strikes. It provided 32 percent of the multinational's gold production.
    (AP, 9/26/12)(Economist, 9/29/12, p.53)
2012        Sep 26, In Madrid thousands of angry protesters again swarmed as close as they could get night to Parliament, watched by a heavy contingent of riot police. There was no fresh violence. They demanded the release of people detained the previous evening and new elections to oust PM Mariano Rajoy and his conservative government, which has imposed cutbacks and tax hikes, deepening the gloom in a country struggling with recession and unemployment of nearly 25 percent.
    (AP, 9/26/12)
2012        Sep 26, The leaders of Sudan and South Sudan reached nine agreements but did not work out the issues surrounding the contested Abyei region or the demarcation of their shared border. South Sudan President Salva Kiir said the two countries would sign a "protocol of collaboration" on Sep 27.
    (AP, 9/26/12)
2012        Sep 26, In Syria two massive explosions targeting the regime's military command center were set off by two suicide car bombers killing four people. An Iranian correspondent was killed while covering the blasts in Damascus.
    (AP, 9/26/12)
2012        Sep 26, A Turkish court issued an order allowing authorities in the country to block Internet access to the "Innocence of Muslims," an anti-Islam movie that has sparked violent protests across the Muslim world.
    (AP, 9/26/12)

2012        Sep 27, In Minnesota Andrew Engeldinger (38) killed 5 people before shooting himself at Accent Signage Systems in Minneapolis, where he had recently been fired.
    (SFC, 9/29/12, p.A5)
2012        Sep 27, NYC Mayor Michael Bloomberg unveiled plans to build a $230 million, 625-foot-tall Ferris wheel on the Staten Island waterfront.
    (SFC, 9/28/12, p.A12)
2012        Sep 27, The top 4 US car rental companies agreed to ban rentals and sales of recalled cars. They also agreed to support legislation by Sen. Barbara Boxer, D-Calif., to codify the ban.
    (SFC, 9/28/12, p.A9)
2012        Sep 27, The man behind the crudely produced anti-Islamic video that sparked violence in the Middle East was arrested in Los Angeles after authorities said he violated his probation from a 2010 check fraud conviction. Nakoula Basseley Nakoula told a judge his real name was Mark Basseley Youseff. He said he'd been using that name since 2002, even though he went by Nakoula in his fraud case.
    (AP, 9/28/12)
2012        Sep 27, Brazil’s National Petroleum Agency said Chevron has paid a $17.3 million fine for 24 of 25 irregularities detected in the spill of some 155,000 gallons of crude oil in Nov, 2011.
    (SFC, 9/29/12, p.D2)
2012        Sep 27, In London Russian billionaires Oleg Deripaska and Michael Cherney reached an 11th-hour settlement in a dispute over a billion dollar slice of aluminium giant RUSAL, shortly before they were due to give evidence in a drawn-out London court case.
    (Reuters, 9/27/12)
2012        Sep 27, Kareem Serageldin, a former Credit Suisse executive facing extradition to the U.S. on fraud charges for his handling of mortgage-based securities during the financial crisis, was freed on bail after an appearance before a British court. He was slated to receive more than $7 million in compensation in 2007 before the company learned about the alleged fraud and withheld $5.2 million of his pay.
    (AP, 9/27/12)
2012        Sep 27, An Egyptian court upheld a six-year jail sentence for Michelle Bishoy, also known as Bishoy el-Behiri, a Coptic Christian school teacher convicted of insulting Islam and the country's Islamist president in postings on Facebook.
    (AP, 9/27/12)   
2012        Sep 27, Greece's coalition government reached a "basic agreement" on a new round of harsh austerity cuts demanded by its international lenders.
    (AP, 9/27/12)
2012        Sep 27, Mexican officials said they have struck a major blow against a faction of the hyper-violent Zetas cartel, arresting one of the country's most-wanted drug traffickers, Ivan Velazquez Caballero, known as "El Taliban," and placing him on display in a morning press conference. Also known as "Z-50," Velazquez Caballero had a 30 million peso ($2.3 million) reward on his head.
    (AP, 9/27/12)
2012        Sep 27, Leading Russian non-government organizations said they would defy a new Kremlin law requiring those who receive funding from abroad to register as "foreign agents."
    (AP, 9/27/12)
2012        Sep 27, Spain outlined plans to reduce government spending and raise taxes to convince international lenders and financial markets it is on track to cut deficits. Spain’s government warned it will stop a Catalonia referendum on self-determination after the regional parliament voted to stage such a referendum with a view of possibly seceding.
    (AP, 9/27/12)(SFC, 9/28/12, p.A2)
2012        Sep 27, In Syria fighters from the main rebel group known as the Free Syrian Army began a new push to drive regime forces from Aleppo, Syria's commercial capital, calling it the "Decisive Battle." The Syrian military sent text message on cellular telephones to members of the armed rebellion reading: "Game over."
    (AP, 9/28/12)
2012        Sep 27, Venezuelan and Russian officials signed eight agreements to boost cooperation in energy projects. Igor Sechin, the CEO of Russia's state-controlled Rosneft oil company, was quoted by Russian news agencies as saying he also gave Chavez a 3-month-old black terrier puppy as a present from Putin.
    (AP, 9/27/12)

2012        Sep 28, President Barack Obama, citing national security risks, blocked a Chinese company from owning four wind farm projects in northern Oregon near a Navy base where the US military flies unmanned drones and electronic-warfare planes on training missions.
    (AP, 9/28/12)
2012        Sep 28, In Arizona Jodon F. Romero (33) fired at officers and a police helicopter at one point during a pursuit for carjacking. He died at the scene from a self-inflicted gunshot wound in an event that was broadcast live by Fox News, which later apologized for the live coverage of the suicide.
    (Reuters, 9/29/12)
2012        Sep 28, In California a US Border Patrol agent fatally shot Valeria Alvarado (32), a mother of five in suburban San Diego as he rode on the hood of her car after she ran into him.
    (AP, 9/29/12)
2012        Sep 28, Damon Thibodeaux (38) of Louisiana was released from death row after serving 15 years for a slaying that DNA evidence showed he did not commit. He was the 18th death row prisoner freed based on such evidence.
    (SFC, 9/29/12, p.A4)
2012        Sep 28, Massachusetts chemist Annie Dookhan, 34, accused of faking drug test results, was arrested. She faced more than 20 years in prison on charges of obstruction of justice and falsely pretending to hold a degree form a college or university. Her alleged mishandling of drug samples prompted the shutdown of the Hinton State Laboratory Institute in Boston last month.
    (AP, 9/28/12)
2012        Sep 28, Damon Thibodeaux (38) of Louisiana was released from death row after serving 15 years for a slaying that DNA evidence showed he did not commit. He was the 18th death row prisoner freed based on such evidence.
    (SFC, 9/29/12, p.A4)
2012        Sep 28, In Bahrain security forces killed a boy (17) during street clashes in Sadad village, southwest of the capital Manama.
    (AP, 9/29/12)
2012        Sep 28, Britain’s PM David Cameron told reporters that his country would be exercising its right to opt out of a mass of European policing and crime measures, including the European Arrest Warrant (EAW).
    (Economist, 10/6/12, p.68)
2012        Sep 28, China's communist leadership expelled Bo Xilai (63) from the ruling party and sought to bury him with charges ranging from corruption to sexual affairs, aiming to sweep away their most damaging scandal in decades while finally scheduling their long-awaited leadership transition for November.
    (AP, 9/28/12)
2012        Sep 28, China launched a second satellite built for Venezuela's government. The $140 million remote sensing satellite soared into orbit atop a rocket from the northwestern Chinese province of Gansu. It will provide images for tasks such as mapping croplands, counter-drug efforts and monitoring floods.
    (AP, 9/28/12)
2012        Sep 28, In eastern CongoDRC another person was killed in Goma. That raised to 6 the number of people killed this week in Goma in shootouts linked to the Congolese army.
    (AP, 9/29/12)
2012        Sep 28, The French government presented a budget that was heavy on taxes — including a controversial 75 percent income rate on high earners. It committed to reduce the deficit to 3% next year.
    (AP, 9/28/12)(Economist, 10/6/12, p.17)
2012        Sep 28, In Iraq prisoners overnight  seized weapons and set off hours-long clashes with security guards at a prison in Tikrit that left 20 dead, including 16 security force members. Of 303 inmates at the prison, 102 escaped in the jailbreak, including 47 al-Qaida-linked inmates awaiting execution. The Interior Ministry called it an inside job. In Basra gunmen shot dead the former governor, Mohammed al-Wailie, as he was driving his car in the city center.
    (AP, 9/28/12)(AP, 9/29/12)
2012        Sep 28, Hundreds of Libyans held a demonstration in Tripoli demanding the breakup of militia groups and the formation of a national army and police.
    (AP, 9/28/12)
2012        Sep 28, In Nepal a Sita Air airplane carrying trekkers to the Mount Everest region hit a bird and crashed just after takeoff in Katmandu, killing the 19 Nepali, British and Chinese people on board.
    (AP, 9/28/12)
2012        Sep 28, Pakistani authorities said monsoon rains and flooding killed more than 400 people across the country during the rainy season this year.
    (AP, 9/28/12)
2012        Sep 28, Saudi Arabia began expelling over a thousand Nigerian women on religious pilgrimage to the country because they had arrived without male guardians.
    (AP, 9/28/12)
2012        Sep 28, Shareholders of Singapore-based conglomerate Fraser & Neave agreed to sell their 39.7 percent stake in Asian Pacific Breweries, the owner of Tiger and other popular Asian brands, to Heineken. Heineken NV is spending another €3.2 billion ($4.0 billion) to gain control over the Tiger beer brand as part of a strategy to significantly expand its operations in Asia.
    (AP, 9/28/12)
2012        Sep 28, One Somali journalist was shot dead by gunmen. A second journalist, a day earlier, was beheaded and his body dumped in the street. The two attacks brought the number of Somali journalists killed this year to 15. Kenyan troops invaded Kismayo, al-Shabab's last stronghold in Somalia, coming ashore in a predawn assault.
    (AP, 9/28/12)
2012        Sep 28, In Spain a tornado swept through a fair ground in Gandia, Valencia state, knocking down a Ferris wheel and injuring 35 people. Flooding in the same southern region left 10 people dead.
    (AP, 9/29/12)
2012        Sep 28, In Syria fighting over Aleppo intensified with some of the fiercest battles in two months as rebel forces launched a new offensive to rout President Bashar Assad's forces. A huge fire began in Aleppo amid heavy government shelling.
    (AP, 9/28/12)(AP, 9/29/12)
2012        Sep 28, The UN's top human rights body extended by six months the mission of its independent expert panel probing alleged war crimes in Syria's 18-month conflict.
    (AP, 9/28/12)
2012        Sep 28, In Yemen thousands of protesters marched in the capital, demanding the return of millions of dollars that were allegedly stolen by the country's former authoritarian ruler, Ali Abdullah Saleh.
    (AP, 9/28/12)

2012        Sep 29, Vincent Joseph Cirelli  (b.1920), revered accordion craftsman, passed away peacefully in his sleep in SSF. Vincent, the son of Italian immigrants, grew up in the North Beach area of San Francisco. There he began learning the art of accordion building, developing skills as a young boy that he perfected throughout his lifetime.
    (http://tinyurl.com/8jn3bmf)
2012        Sep 29, Arthur Ochs Sulzberger (86), former publisher and chairman of the NY Times (1963-1992), died at his home in Southampton, NY.
    (SSFC, 9/30/12, p.A12)
2012        Sep 29, In western Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed two policemen in Herat province, just hours before a ceremony to hand a nearby police training academy over from NATO to Afghan control.
    (AP, 9/29/12)
2012        Sep 29, The youngest prisoner and last Westerner held in the Guantanamo military base, Omar Khadr (26), was sent to finish his sentence in his native Canada.
    (Reuters, 9/29/12)
2012        Sep 29, In Georgia an estimated 100,000 opposition supporters rallied in the capital in a show of strength days before a parliamentary election that presents the toughest challenge to the future of President Mikhail Saakashvili's government since he took office in 2004.
    (AP, 9/29/12)
2012        Sep 29, Hundreds of Libyans converged on a main square in Benghazi and another in Tripoli in response to a call from the military to hand over their weapons.
    (AP, 9/29/12)
2012        Sep 29, In Nigeria three students were killed in an attack outside a university campus in Maiduguri.
    (AP, 10/2/12)
2012        Sep 29, In Northern Ireland thousands of Protestants marched peacefully through the heart of Belfast amid a heavy security presence.
    (AP, 9/29/12)
2012        Sep 29, In Pakistan thousands of members of radical Islamic groups rallied in the southern city of Karachi against "Innocence of Muslims," an anti-Islam film that has sparked violence across the Muslim world. At least 51 people, including the US ambassador to Libya, have been killed in violence linked to the film.
    (AP, 9/29/12)
2012        Sep 29, In Poland thousands blew horns, prayed and waved flags in downtown Warsaw to show their anger over a new law that raises the retirement age and a host of other issues. A new law put through by the pro-market government of Prime Minister Donald Tusk will gradually raise the retirement age to 67 for all Poles from 60 for women and 65 for men.
    (AP, 9/29/12)
2012        Sep 29, In Puerto Rico Wilnilia Sanchez Falcon (27) was suspected of killing her boyfriend, Jesus Rivera Algarin (25), after he became upset about her activities on Facebook.
    (AP, 9/29/12)
2012        Sep 29, In southern Somalia Al-Shabab rebels pulled out of Kismayo, a day after Kenyan troops invaded and marched toward the city center and seaside port that long served as the militants' key source of funding.
    (AP, 9/29/12)
2012        Sep 29, Syrian rebels and residents of Aleppo struggled to contain a huge fire that destroyed parts of the city's medieval souks, or markets, following raging battles between government troops and opposition fighters there.
    (AP, 9/29/12)
2012        Sep 29, In southern Thailand suspected Islamist insurgents fired 2 grenades at a fair in Narathiwat injuring some 30 people.
    (SFC, 10/1/12, p.A2)
2012        Sep 29, Ukraine's jailed former Prime Minister Yulia Tymoshenko exhorted her country to "rise up" against President Viktor Yanukovych's party in next month's parliamentary election.
    (AP, 9/29/12)
2012        Sep 29, In Venezuela 2 supporters of opposition candidate Henrique Capriles died in a confrontation with Chavez supporters in the western state of Barinas. A third was seriously wounded.
    (AP, 9/30/12)

2012        Sep 30, Barry Commoner (b.1917), a founder of the modern ecology movement, died in Manhattan. His work contributed materially to the 1963 Nuclear Test Ban Treaty.
    (SFC, 10/2/12, p.A6)
2012        Sep 30, The .38-caliber Detective Special of Bonnie Parker (d.1934) was sold at auction in Nashua, NH, for $264,000. Clyde Barrow’s Colt .45-caliber sold for $240,000. A .45-caliber gun once owned by Butch Cassidy sold for $175,000.
    (SFC, 10/1/12, p.A4)
2012        Sep 30, In Bangladesh thousands of Muslims angry over an alleged derogatory photo of the Islamic holy book Quran on Facebook set fires overnight in at least 10 Buddhist temples and 40 homes near the southern border with Myanmar.
    (AP, 9/30/12)
2012        Sep 30, In Cambodia 6 farmers were killed in northwestern Battambang province when their tractor ran over an anti-tank mine left over from the 1980s civil war.
    (AP, 10/1/12)
2012        Sep 30, In France thousands of demonstrators marched peacefully in Paris to denounce austerity measures in Europe that have sparked violent protests in other EU countries struggling to avert fiscal crises.
    (AP, 9/30/12)
2012        Sep 30, In Haiti thousands of people in Port-au-Prince, complaining of the high cost of living and alleged corruption, protested against the government of Pres. Michel Martelly.
    (SFC, 10/1/12, p.A2)
2012        Sep 30, A special media court found Parisa Hafezi, the Tehran bureau chief of the Thomson Reuters news agency, guilty of "spreading lies" against the Islamic system for a video story that briefly included a posted description of women training as martial arts killers.
    (AP, 9/30/12)
2012        Sep 30, In Iraq bombs striking Shiite neighborhoods, security forces and other targets across the country killed at least 26 people. In all, at least 94 people were wounded in the wave of attacks.
    (AP, 9/30/12)
2012        Sep 30, In Kenya an explosive device set off in a Sunday school class killed one child and seriously wounded three. The Somali militant group al-Shabab were suspected behind the attack at an Anglican church in Nairobi.
    (AP, 9/30/12)
2012        Sep 30, In Nigeria Royal Dutch Shell PLC shut down a pipeline in the oil-rich southern delta after a fire and a suspected attempt to steal crude from one of its lines.
    (AP, 9/30/12)
2012        Sep 30, In Syria a suicide attacker in a parked car blew himself up in an area housing security offices in the northeast, killing at least four people. Activists put the death toll at eight and said it was expected to rise because 15 people sustained serious wounds. The explosion came hours after fighting between rebels and government forces killed at least five people in Aleppo.
    (AP, 9/30/12)
2012        Sep 30, Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan urged Syria's allies to stop backing the Assad regime. "We call on Russia, China and Iran, please review your stance," Erdogan told a conference of his ruling Justice and Development Party.
    (AP, 9/30/12)
2012        Sep 30, In Venezuela a huge crowd filled the streets of Caracas cheering for opposition candidate Henrique Capriles, waving flags in a show of support one week before the country's hotly contested presidential election.
    (AP, 10/1/12)

2012        Sep, A recent report by the Univ. of Illinois at Chicago found that between 1976 and 2012, 2,522 elected New York officials have been convicted of public corruption.
    (Economist, 9/15/12, p.32)
2012        Sep, Cambodia’s government ordered employers to pay out an extra $10 a month in allowances to every worker.
    (Economist, 9/29/12, p.44)
2012        Sep, In Guatemala Adolfo Vivar, the mayor of Antigua, was charged along with several relatives and members of his administration with establishing a criminal network that stole nearly $3 million from the city’s treasury.
    (SFC, 11/27/13, p.A4)
2012        Sep, In southern India police fired at thousands of anti-nuclear protesters in Kudankulam, Tamil Nadu state, killing one fisherman. A new 2,000 MW nuclear plant was being filled with fuel and locals feared a Fukushima-style disaster.
    (Economist, 9/15/12, p.39)
2012        Sep, In Kazakhstan Serik Akhmetov was named as prime minister.
    (Reuters, 4/2/14)
2012        Sep, In Tunisia Meriem Ben Mohamed (27) was reportedly raped by two policemen who later said they had found and her boyfriend having sex in a car in a Tunis suburb. A third policeman allegedly tried to extort money from her fiance at a bank cashpoint. The woman later authored a book in France entitled "Guilty of being raped." The policemen faced trial in 2014.
    (AFP, 2/13/14)

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