Timeline 2016 October - December
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2016        Oct 1, Afghan officials said Taliban fighters have advanced closer to Lashkar Gah, capital of the strategic southern province of Helmand, pushing into a farming district on the other side of the river from the town.
    (Reuters, 10/1/16)
2016        Oct 1, China’s revisions to foreign investment laws came into effect.
    (Econ, 10/1/16, p.62)
2016        Oct 1, China shut down a website called Consensus Net, a publisher of articles on economic, social and political reform since its founding in 2009.
    (http://tinyurl.com/y9o9vr4n)(Econ, 2/18/17, p.37)
2016        Oct 1, The IMF's basket of reserve currencies included China’s renminbi, also known as the yuan. The other currencies in the basket are the US dollar, the Japanese yen, the British pound and Europe's common currency, the euro. The last change to the basket was the addition of the euro in 1999.
    (AP, 9/30/16)
2016        Oct 1, Hurricane Matthew drenched coastal Colombia and moved on a course that threatened Jamaica, Haiti and Cuba.
    (SSFC, 10/2/16, p.A6)
2016        Oct 1, Ethiopian police arrested Seyoum Teshome, an outspoken university lecturer and blogger who criticized the government, especially its handling of the ongoing protests in the Oromia and Amhara regions.
    (AP, 10/4/16)
2016        Oct 1, India started its biggest ever telecoms airwaves auction, receiving 535.31 billion rupees ($8.04 billion) worth of bids on the first day of the sale.
    (Reuters, 10/1/16)
2016        Oct 1, It was reported that four people died in eastern India when police opened fire during clashes with villagers who allege state-run NTPC Ltd violate forestry rights and does not offer enough compensation when acquiring land for a coal mining site.
    (Reuters, 10/1/16)
2016        Oct 1, Iranian media reported that its Revolutionary Guard has built a new attack drone similar to the US RQ-170 Sentinel spy drone captured five years ago.
    (SSFC, 10/2/16, p.A4)
2016        Oct 1, South Korean President Park Geun-Hye called on North Koreans to abandon their country and defect, just a day after a soldier walked across the heavily fortified border into the South.
    (AFP, 10/1/16)
2016        Oct 1, In Spain Pedro Sanchez, head of the Spanish Socialist Workers’ Party (PSOE), resigned following a vote of 132 to 107 for him to step down. He was replaced by a caretaker committee.
    (Econ, 10/8/16, p.47)
2016        Oct 1, Syrian troops pushed ahead in their offensive in Aleppo capturing the strategic Um al-Shuqeef hill near the Palestinian refugee camp of Handarat that government forces captured earlier this week.
    (SSFC, 10/2/16, p.A8)
2016        Oct 1, Ukraine's army and pro-Russian separatists both announced the pull back of their troops from a small eastern city as agreed in a demilitarization accord signed last month.
    (AFP, 10/1/16)

2016        Oct 2, The World Bank reported that 767 million people live in extreme poverty, subsisting on less than $1.90 per day. Data used was already two years out of date.
    (Econ, 10/8/16, p.69)
2016        Oct 2, Brazilians furious at recession and corruption voted in nationwide municipal elections expected to deal a drubbing to the long-dominant left. The first-round balloting ended in humiliation for the nation's former governing Workers' Party.
    (AFP, 10/2/16)(AFP, 10/30/16)
2016        Oct 2, Colombians voted in a referendum on whether to ratify a historic peace accord to end a 52-year war between the state and the communist FARC rebels. With more than 99.9 percent of votes counted Colombians voted 50.21 percent to 49.78 percent against the accord.
    (AFP, 10/2/16)(AP, 10/3/16)
2016        Oct 2, In Ethiopia police in the Oromiya region fired teargas and warning shots to disperse anti-government protesters at a religious festival, triggering a stampede that killed 52 people. The clashes between security forces and protesters continued into the next day in the towns of Bishoftu and Ambo.
    (Reuters, 10/2/16)(AP, 10/3/16)
2016        Oct 2, Hungary held a referendum on refugee quotas. Only 40% of the electorate cast valid votes. Low turnout invalidated the referendum against EU refugee quotas but showed nearly unanimous support for the government position among its supporters.
    (AP, 10/3/16)(Econ, 10/8/16, p.50)
2016        Oct 2, India ratified the Paris climate change agreement at the UN in New York.
    (SFC, 10/3/16, p.A2)
2016        Oct 2, In Iraq a booby-trapped drone launched by Islamic State militants killed two Kurdish Peshmerga fighters and wounded two French soldiers north of the IS-controlled city of Mosul. French soldiers had been training Kurdish fighters near the site of the drone crash near the town of Dohuk.
    (Reuters, 10/12/16)
2016        Oct 2, Italian investigative journalist Claudio Gatti claimed to have identified Elena Ferrante, the world’s most famous pseudonymous novelist. He identified her as Anita Raja, the wife of novelist Domenico Starnone. “My Brilliant Friend," the first of her four “Neapolitan Novels," was published in 2011.
    (Econ, 10/8/16, p.75)
2016        Oct 2, Syrian government and allied forces advanced north of Aleppo, pressing their week-old offensive to take the insurgent-held, eastern part of the city after dozens of overnight air strikes.
    (Reuters, 10/2/16)
2016        Oct 2, In northern Syria at least 21 Syrian rebels fighting alongside Turkish troops against the Islamic State were killed by landmines laid by the jihadist group.
    (AFP, 10/3/16)
2016        Oct 2, In Vietnam thousands of protesters surrounded a Taiwanese steel plant, some scaling walls and holding signs demanding its closure, as anger flares against the firm for dumping toxic waste into the ocean killing tons of fish last April.
    (AFP, 10/2/16)

2016        Oct 3, In northern Afghanistan at least 6 people were killed and 35 wounded, when an improvised explosive device tore into a crowded marketplace in Jawzjan province. Taliban fighters pushed into the center of the northern city of Kunduz, taking control of the central intersection where they raised their flag a year ago in their biggest success of the 15-year-old conflict.
    (Reuters, 10/3/16)
2016        Oct 3, In France armed robbers early today forced their way into a private Paris residence where Kim Kardashian West was staying, tied her up and locked her in a bathroom before making off with more than $10 million worth of jewelry. On Jan 13, 2017, six more suspects were charged in the robbery raising the number of people facing preliminary charges to 10.
    (AP, 10/3/16)(SFC, 1/14/17, p.A2)
2016        Oct 3, Two Haitian fishermen died in rough water churned up by the approaching Category 4 Hurricane Matthew.
    (AP, 10/3/16)(SFC, 10/4/16, p.A3)
2016        Oct 3, Indian and Pakistani troops fired at each other in disputed Kashmir, as Indian troops searched an army camp elsewhere in the region where suspected militants killed an Indian paramilitary soldier.
    (AP, 10/3/16)
2016        Oct 3, In India Aradhana Samdhariya (13), died due to cardiac arrest, a day after her family held a procession in the southern city of Hyderabad in which she rode in a chariot with her parents to celebrate the end of a 68-day fast. Family members publicly denied forcing the girl to fast during the holy period of Chaumasa, observed by the Jain community from July.
    (Reuters, 10/9/16)
2016        Oct 3, Germany's Siemens signed a contract to upgrade Iran's railway network, one of several deals agreed by German firms during a two-day visit to Tehran by Economy Minister Sigmar Gabriel.
    (Reuters, 10/3/16)
2016        Oct 3, In Iraq suicide bombers attacked two Shi'ite Muslim processions in Baghdad, killing at least 16 people and wounding more than 40. The Islamic State claimed responsibility for the blasts.
    (Reuters, 10/3/16)(AP, 10/3/16)
2016        Oct 3, Some 6,055 migrants bound for Europe were rescued in the Mediterranean Sea off North Africa and 22 found dead, one of the highest numbers in a single day according to Italian and Libyan officials.
    (AP, 10/4/16)
2016        Oct 3, Japan's Yoshinori Ohsumi (71) won the 2016 Nobel prize for medicine for ground-breaking experiments with yeast which exposed a key mechanism in the body's defenses where cells degrade and recycle their components.
    (Reuters, 10/3/16)(SFC, 10/4/16, p.A4)
2016        Oct 3, Moroccan authorities dismantled a 10-member terror cell comprised entirely of women with alleged ties to IS. The cell planned to carry out attacks on the Oct 7 election day. Seven of the 10 members were underage.
    (AP, 10/7/16)
2016        Oct 3, Russia’s Pres. Vladimir Putin withdrew his country from a plutonium disposal treaty that was signed with the US in 2000.
    (SFC, 10/4/16, p.A2)
2016        Oct 3, In Syria two suicide bombings struck the central city of Hama killing two people and wounding at least 12. The Islamic State claimed responsibility for the attacks.
    (AP, 10/3/16)
2016        Oct 3, Turkish military officials said 15 Syrian opposition fighters were killed and about 35 wounded over the last 24 hours in fighting to capture seven residential districts south of the town of al-Rai.
    (AP, 10/3/16)

2016        Oct 4, Oklahoma’s Supreme Court threw out another state law that would put new restrictions on abortion providers.
    (SFC, 10/5/16, p.A5)
2016        Oct 4, Reuters reported that Yahoo had written customized software to scan all incoming e-mail for certain keywords, complying with a request either from America’s National Security Agency of the FBI.
    (Econ, 10/8/16, p.59)
2016        Oct 4, In Afghanistan fierce gunbattles raged for a second day in the northern city of Kunduz. In the country's south, insurgents killed 12 policemen at checkpoints around the Helmand provincial capital and seized another district they had attacked a day earlier. An improvised explosive device in Nangarhar Province killed a US service member and three Afghan soldiers. The Islamic State claimed responsibility.
    (AP, 10/4/16)(Reuters, 10/5/16)
2016        Oct 4, British home secretary Amer Rudd announced new restrictions on foreign students in an effort to reduce the number of migrants.
    (Econ, 10/15/16, p.52)
2016        Oct 4, Three British-born scientists won the Nobel Prize in physics for discoveries about strange states of matter that could result in improved materials for electronics or quantum computers. David Thouless, Duncan Haldane and Michael Kosterlitz, now affiliated with universities in the United States, were honored for breakthroughs they made in the 1970s and '80s.
    (AP, 10/4/16)
2016        Oct 4, Officials in the Dominican Republic reported that at least four people died when heavy rains linked to Hurricane Matthew damaged their homes.
    (AP, 10/4/16)
2016        Oct 4, Egypt's security forces killed Mohammed Kama (61), a senior Muslim Brotherhood leader, and another member of the outlawed Islamist group in an overnight shootout at a Cairo apartment. Kamal, a physician by profession, was killed along with Yasser Shahata Ali Ragab in an exchange of gunfire as police tried to arrest them.
    (AP, 10/4/16)
2016        Oct 4, In Ethiopia a US citizen was killed on the outskirts of Addis Ababa when the vehicle she was in was struck by rocks thrown by people in the area.
    (Reuters, 10/5/16)
2016        Oct 4, Haiti's southwestern peninsula early with 145 mile-per-hour (230 kph) winds and storm surges. Tens of thousands were left homeless and outbreaks of cholera soon claimed more lives. By Oct 10 the confirmed death toll reached 372, but an official with the Civil Protection Agency said at least 522 deaths were confirmed just in the Grand-Anse Department. The official toll was later put at 546 dead and 128 missing.
    (Reuters, 10/4/16)(AP, 10/6/16)(AFP, 10/10/16)(SFC, 10/10/16, p.A2)(SFC, 10/21/16, p.A6)
2016        Oct 4, In India police detained more than 700 detained in a raid on makeshift call centers in the Mumbai suburb of Thane. 70 people arrested. An estimated $36.5 million was extorted from US residents in an alleged tax scam that was run for about a year from call centers on the outskirts of Mumbai.
    (Reuters, 10/6/16)
2016        Oct 4,     A Myanmar lawmaker said parliament has abolished the Emergency Provisions Act. The law was introduced in 1950 as newly independent Myanmar struggled with nascent ethnic insurgencies but was then frequently used against activists after the military seized power in a 1962 coup.
    (Reuters, 10/4/16)
2016        Oct 4, South African police fired rubber bullets, stun grenades and teargas at student protesters in Johannesburg as authorities tried to re-open the prestigious Wits University after weeks of demonstrations.
    (AFP, 10/4/16)
2016        Oct 4, Rebels said they had repelled a Syrian army offensive in southern Aleppo as Russian and Syrian warplanes continued to pound residential areas in besieged parts of the city where thousands of civilians are trapped. 25 deaths in government-held west Aleppo were documented as a result of rebel shelling.
    (Reuters, 10/4/16)
2016        Oct 4, The United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights warned Russia over use of incendiary weapons in air strikes on the Syrian city of Aleppo, where he said attacks on civilian targets may amount to crimes against humanity.
    (Reuters, 10/4/16)

2016        Oct 5, In Iowa Mo Hailong (aka Robert Mo), a businessman from China, was sentenced to three years in prison. He had pleaded guilty to stealing trade secrets from US seed corn companies DuPont Pioneer and Monsanto. In December a federal judge ordered Hailong to pay $425,000 to DuPont and Monsanto.
    (AP, 10/6/16)(SFC, 12/23/16, p.A5)
2016        Oct 5, Afghan forces battled the Taliban in the northern city of Kunduz for the third straight day with American helicopters providing air support. Afghan leaders and officials from over 70 nations gathered in Brussels, seeking to drum up billions of dollars for the cash-strapped government as it battles the Taliban insurgency and rampant corruption.
    (AP, 10/5/16)
2016        Oct 5, Afghanistan’s Pres. Ashraf Ghani convinced Int’l. donors to pledge $15.2 billion to help keep his government afloat for the next four years.
    (SFC, 10/6/16, p.A4)(Econ, 1/7/17, p.48)
2016        Oct 5, Czech police arrested a Russian hacker in a Prague hotel. He was suspected of cyberattacks in the United States. After the arrest suspect Yevgeniy Nikulin collapsed, received first aid treatment and was hospitalized. LinkedIn had confirmed a breach in May and cooperated with the FBI to track the suspect down.
    (AP, 10/19/16)(SFC, 10/20/16, p.C4)
2016        Oct 5, The Czech government said it has approved a plan to send medical personnel and additional military instructors to Iraq. The deployment still requires parliamentary approval.
    (AP, 10/5/16)
2016        Oct 5, Ethiopia launched a railway linking the country with a major port on the Gulf of Aden in Djibouti. The line ran through the restive region of Oromia.
    (SFC, 10/6/16, p.A5)
2016        Oct 5, A trio of European scientists has won the 2016 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for developing molecular machines that could one day be injected to fight cancer or used to make new types of materials and energy storage devices. Frenchman Jean-Pierre Sauvage, Scotland's J. Fraser Stoddart and Dutchman Bernard Feringa developed molecules that produce mechanical motion in response to a stimulus, allowing them to perform specific tasks.
    (Reuters, 10/5/16)
2016        Oct 5, Rescue workers in Haiti struggled to reach cutoff towns and learn the full extent of the death and destruction caused by Hurricane Matthew as the storm began battering the Bahamas and triggered evacuations along the US East Coast.
    (AP, 10/5/16)
2016        Oct 5, In Iraq around 19 pro-government Sunni tribal fighters south of Mosul were killed in an air strike east of the town of Qayyarah most likely conducted by the US-led coalition in a case of mistaken identity.
    (AFP, 10/5/16)(SFC, 10/6/16, p.A2)
2016        Oct 5, Israel's military struck several Hamas positions in the Gaza Strip after a rocket launched from the Palestinian enclave hit a nearby Israeli city, with no casualties reported on either side.
    (AFP, 10/5/16)
2016        Oct 5, Italian police arrested Antonio Pelle, a fugitive top mob boss who escaped from a hospital in 2011 — finding him at home in a bunker built between the bathroom and his son's bedroom.
    (AP, 10/5/16)
2016        Oct 5, Syria’s military said it would scale back its bombardment of Aleppo to allow civilians to evacuate besieged rebel-held neighborhoods.
    (SFC, 10/6/16, p.A4)
2016        Oct 5, Thailand stopped Hong Kong teen pro-democracy activist Joshua Wong from entering the country to give a talk and sent him home, raising questions about whether it acted at China's behest.
    (AP, 10/5/16)

2016        Oct 6, Pentagon officials said forty-four Afghan troops visiting the United States for military training have gone missing in less than two years, presumably in an effort to live and work illegally in America.
    (AP, 10/6/16)
2016        Oct 6, Some three million people on the US southeast coast faced an urgent evacuation order as Hurricane Matthew bore down for a direct hit on Florida.
    (AFP, 10/6/16)
2016        Oct 6, Officials said fighting in the northern Afghan city of Kunduz has led to a "rapidly deteriorating" humanitarian situation, leaving thousands of people with limited access to food, water, or medical care. The UN said that as many as 10,000 refugees had arrived in Kabul and northern towns including Taloqan and Mazar-i-Sharif as Kunduz fell to the Taliban.
    (Reuters, 10/6/16)(Reuters, 10/8/16)
2016        Oct 6, Aid agencies said fighting between rival armed groups and a string of attacks on humanitarians in northern Central African Republic has hindered the delivery of aid to about 120,000 people in need of food.
    (Reuters, 10/6/16)
2016        Oct 6, Indian soldiers shot dead seven suspected militants who tried to attack two army bases in northern Kashmir, prompting anger from Pakistan as a crisis between the two neighbors over the disputed region grows.
    (Reuters, 10/6/16)
2016        Oct 6, A Myanmar court sentenced Dutch citizen Klaas Haytema (30) to three months in prison for interfering with a religious observance by unplugging an amplifier blasting a late-night Buddhist sermon near his hotel in Mandalay. He had been arrested in late September after a crowd gathered around his hotel in protest when the loudspeakers at a nearby religious hall were turned off.
    (AP, 10/6/16)
2016        Oct 6, Pakistan passed long-awaited legislation closing a loophole that allowed people who killed for "honor" to walk free, three months after the murder of a social media star by her brother sparked international revulsion.
    (AFP, 10/6/16)
2016        Oct 6, In Sudan doctors at government hospitals held a nationwide strike to demand better facilities, higher wages and protection from security forces.
    (AFP, 10/6/16)
2016        Oct 6, Syria’s President Bashar al-Assad said his forces would recapture all of Syria, including Aleppo, in a television interview with Denmark's TV 2, but added he would prefer to do so using local deals and amnesties that would allow rebels to leave for other areas.
    (Reuters, 10/6/16)

2016        Oct 7, It was reported that President Barack Obama has issued waivers that continue millions of dollars in US military assistance for troubled South Sudan and six other nations where child soldiers have been used, disappointing advocates who say his administration hasn't made curbing the use of children in combat a higher priority. Waivers also have been granted to Somalia, Congo, Nigeria, Rwanda, Iraq and Myanmar.
    (AP, 10/7/16)    (SFC, 10/8/16, p.A2)
2016        Oct 7, It was reported that President Barack Obama has issued waivers that continue millions of dollars in US military assistance for troubled South Sudan and six other nations where child soldiers have been used, disappointing advocates who say his administration hasn't made curbing the use of children in combat a higher priority. Waivers also have been granted to Somalia, Congo, Nigeria, Rwanda, Iraq and Myanmar.
    (AP, 10/7/16)
2016        Oct 7, Hurricane Matthew was downgraded to a category 3 storm. About 600,000 Florida homes were without power due to Hurricane Matthew and more outages were likely.
    (Reuters, 10/7/16)
2016        Oct 7, The Associate Press said it has identified 12 Chinese businesses that said they would export a synthetic opioid known as carfentanil to the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, France, Germany, Belgium and Australia for as little as $2,750 a kilogram (2.2 pounds), no questions asked. Carfentanil burst into view this summer, the latest scourge in an epidemic of opioid abuse that has killed tens of thousands of people in the United States alone.
    (AP, 10/7/16)
2016        Oct 7, Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts to help end the long-running conflict in his country. The Colombian government and FARC rebels said they have agreed to discuss "adjustments" to a contested peace deal and continue a bilateral ceasefire.
    (AP, 10/7/16)(AFP, 10/7/16)
2016        Oct 7, Estonia said a Russian jet violated its airspace, hours after neighboring Finland said two similar planes passed over its territory as it prepared to sign a defense pact with the United States.
    (Reuters, 10/7/16)
2016        Oct 7, Ethiopia’s government said that 11 factories and dozens of vehicles had been damaged in attacks by what it called “antipeace forces."
    (SFC, 10/8/16, p.A2)
2016        Oct 7, Morocco held elections to choose which party will lead their next government. The moderate Islamist Party of Justice and Development won the national elections. The PJD won 125 of the 395 seats in the Chamber of Representatives. The Party of Authenticity and Modernity, founded by an adviser to the king, won 102 seats, and several other parties shared the rest of the seats. Turnout was only 43%.
    (AP, 10/7/16)(AP, 10/8/16)(Econ, 10/15/16, p.47)
2016        Oct 7, In Pakistan a freight train rammed into a bus on an unmanned railroad crossing in eastern Punjab province, killing at least three people. Two bombs struck a passenger train minutes apart near the village of Mach in Baluchistan province, killing at least six people and wounding 19.
    (AP, 10/7/16)
2016        Oct 7, Russia's lower house of parliament ratified a treaty with Syria that allows the Russian military to stay indefinitely in the Mideast country.
    (AP, 10/7/16)
2016        Oct 7, Venezuela's socialist President Nicolas Maduro said he is establishing a peace prize in honor of the late Hugo Chavez and that his pick for the initial award would be Russian leader Vladimir Putin.
    (AP, 10/7/16)
2016        Oct 7, It was reported that Vietnam has declared a United States-based activist group a terrorist organization and warned that any Vietnamese found to be involved with the group would be regarded as co-conspirators and punished. The government said the California-based Viet Tan, or Vietnam Reform Party, had recruited and trained operatives to use weapons and explosives.
    (Reuters, 10/7/16)

2016        Oct 8, Hurricane Matthew weakened to a Category 1, nearing the end of a four-day rampage that left a trail of death and destruction across the Caribbean and up the Atlantic coast of Florida where at least five people died in hurricane-related incidents. Almost 1.4 million homes and businesses were without power as the hurricane crashed north along the Atlantic coast of Florida to Georgia and South Carolina.
    (AFP, 10/8/16)(Reuters, 10/8/16)
2016        Oct 8, In eastern Afghanistan Qari Ajmal, a Pakistani militant linked to a number of high-profile attacks, was killed in a joint Afghan-US special forces operation in Paktika province.
    (AP, 10/9/16)
2016        Oct 8, In Argentina Lucia Perez (16) was forced to consume cocaine, before being raped and impaled in Mar La Plata. On Oct 19 thousands of protesters rallied across the country to support women’s rights and against her brutal killing.
    (SSFC, 10/23/16, p.A10)(Econ, 11/5/16, p.30)
2016        Oct 8, In Egypt gunmen shot Gamal al-Deeb, a policeman working with the Homeland Security agency, eight times outside his home shortly after midnight in northern Beheira province. The Hasam Movement claimed responsibility for the killing. Hasam, the Arabic word for decisiveness, has claimed five other attacks since July.
    (Reuters, 10/8/16)
2016        Oct 8, The ruling Ethiopian people’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRFD) announced a 6-month state of emergency following months of violent anti-government protests, its biggest anti-government unrest in a decade, from the majority Oromo and Amhara ethnic groups which feel marginalized by a minority-led government and recent unrest over the tragedy at Bishoftu.
    (AFP, 10/9/16)(Econ, 10/15/16, p.43)
2016        Oct 8, Indian forces fired shotgun pellets and tear gas as thousands of people carried the body of a 12-year-old boy killed overnight during an anti-India protest in the main city of the Indian-controlled portion of Kashmir.
    (AP, 10/8/16)
2016        Oct 8, Syrian government forces recaptured territory from insurgents in several western areas as the UN Security Council prepared to vote on rival French and Russian draft resolutions urging an immediate ceasefire. Islamic State militants captured several villages from Syrian rebels in a counter-attack near the Turkish border that forced the foreign-backed insurgents to retreat.
    (Reuters, 10/8/16)
2016        Oct 8, In Yemen more than 140 people were killed and at least 525 others were wounded in Saudi coalition air raids on a funeral hall in Sanaa.
    (AFP, 10/9/16)

2016        Oct 9, Almost 2.2 million homes and businesses were without power morning after Hurricane Matthew pummeled Florida, Georgia, South and North Carolina with heavy rain and wind.
    (Reuters, 10/9/16)
2016        Oct 9, Eight Afghan soldiers were killed early today when a military helicopter crashed in northern Baghlan province.
    (AP, 10/9/16)
2016        Oct 9, In China former provincial Communist Party boss Bai Enpei was sentenced to death with a two-year reprieve as part of the country's ongoing crackdown on corruption. Bai had been a senior lawmaker with the national legislature and formerly served as the top-ranking official in the western provinces of Qinghai and Yunnan.
    (AP, 10/9/16)
2016        Oct 9, In Iraq three bomb attacks killed 10 people and wounded at least 37 across Baghdad.
    (AP, 10/9/16)
2016        Oct 9, In Jordan riots erupted in Quweismeh, a suburb of Amman, after a series of police raids.
    (Econ, 10/22/16, p.40)
2016        Oct 9, In northwestern Myanmar men wielding guns, machetes, and homemade weapons stormed the Kyikanpyin border post and two others in Rakhine state. Nine police were reported killed. Police captured two attackers, killed eight, and said they were Rohingyas.  The military locked down the area and said at least 26 civilians died in ensuing clashes.
    (AFP, 10/15/16)(Reuters, 12/26/16)(Econ, 10/15/16, p.37)
2016        Oct 9, A Palestinian motorist launched a shooting spree near the Israeli police headquarters in Jerusalem, killing 2 people and wounding five others before being shot dead.
    (AP, 10/9/16)
2016        Oct 9, Polish filmmaker Andrzej Wajda (90) died in a Warsaw hospital, just months after finishing "Afterimage," Poland's entry for a foreign language Academy Award. In 2000 he received an honorary lifetime achievement Oscar. The film focused on the life of art theorist Wladyslaw Strzeminski and the years 1949-1952.
    (AP, 10/19/16)(Econ, 9/17/16, p.81)(Econ, 10/29/16, p.82)
2016        Oct 9, The Russian government announced that Rosneft’s 330 billion ruble ($5.3 billion) bid for Bashneft, a state-controlled oil firm. Igor Sechin, head of Rosneft, orchestrated the deal which had been rejected by Bashneft’s former owner Vladimir Yevtushenko.
    (Econ, 10/22/16, p.45)

2016        Oct 10, US-based academics Oliver Hart of Harvard, a British-American economist and MIT’s Bengt Holmstrom of Finland, won the Nobel Economics Prize for groundbreaking research on contract theory that has helped design insurance policies, executive pay and even prison management.
    (AFP, 10/10/16)
2016        Oct 10, In Afghanistan a suspected car bomb killed 14 people including 10 police officers amid increased Taliban attacks on Lashkar Gah, the besieged capital of Helmand province.
    (AP, 10/10/16)
2016        Oct 10, A Cambodian court sentenced opposition lawmaker Um Sam An, who has been a strong critic of the government's handling of demarcating the border with neighboring Vietnam, to 2 1/2 years in prison for online postings he made.
    (AP, 10/10/16)
2016        Oct 10, Chinese authorities unveiled plans to let companies give equity in themselves to banks to pay down soaring debt levels that economists warn might hamper the country's already slowing growth.
    (AP, 10/10/16)
2016        Oct 10, In eastern China 22 people were killed in the collapse of a group of decrepit homes on the outskirts of the city of Wenzhou.
    (AP, 10/10/16)(AP, 10/11/16)
2016        Oct 10, Iraq's federal court ruled that PM Haider al-Abadi's move to abolish the largely ceremonial posts of the country's vice president and deputy prime minister is unconstitutional.
    (AP, 10/10/16)
2016        Oct 10, Royal Dutch Shell confirmed that it had signed an initial deal with Iran's National Petrochemical Company, paving the way for its return to the Islamic republic.
    (AFP, 10/10/16)
2016        Oct 10, In Russia the Basmanny District Court ruled that the Novaya Gazeta report linking Rosneft Chairman Igor Sechin to the St. Princess Olga yacht was untrue. The newspaper used social media and ship tracking data to allege that Sechin was the yacht's possible owner. Novaya Gazeta says it will appeal the court's ruling.
    (AP, 10/10/16)
2016        Oct 10, Russia's defence ministry said that the country was poised to transform its naval facility in the Syrian port city of Tartus into a permanent base.
    (AFP, 10/10/16)
2016        Oct 10, South African police clashed with student protesters demanding free education at the University of the Witwatersrand (Wits) which had reopened after demonstrations forced its closure last week.
    (Reuters, 10/10/16)
2016        Oct 10, In Turkey Russia’s President Vladimir Putin met counterpart Recep Tayyip Erdogan in Istanbul, pushing forward ambitious joint energy projects on his first visit to Turkey since a crisis in ties. Erdogan and Putin reached a deal to proceed on the Turkish Stream project to carry Russian natural gas to Turkey and on to the EU.
    (AFP, 10/10/16)(SFC, 10/11/16, p.A2)   
2016        Oct 10, In Vietnam blogger Nguyen Ngoc Nhu Quynh (37), known as "Me Nam" (Mother Mushroom), was held in her home city of Nha Trang in the central province of Khanh Hoa for running "propaganda" against the state. Her reports included one about civilians dying in police custody.
    (Reuters, 10/11/16)
2016        Oct 10, Yemen's Houthi movement launched a ballistic missile deep into Saudi Arabia. Two missiles were also fired from Houthi-held territory at the USS Mason. The Houthis denied firing at the US ship. On Oct 12 two more missiles were fired at the USS Mason but neither got near the ship.
    (Reuters, 10/10/16)(SFC, 10/13/16, p.A2)

2016        Oct 11, The US death toll from Hurricane Matthew rose to 34 with half the deaths in North Carolina. Thousands more people in the state were urged to evacuate as high waters from the hurricane pushed downstream. Damages in North Carolina from Matthew were later estimated at $1.5 billion.
    (SFC, 10/12/16, p.A5)(SFC, 10/17/16, p.A4)
2016        Oct 11, Afghan officials said hundreds of commandos have been deployed backed by NATO air strikes in Lashkar Gah to drive Taliban insurgents from the southern city after the militants killed 14 people a day earlier in a coordinated attack. A mass shooting killed at least 18 worshippers at a shrine in Kabul, raising fears of sectarian violence after a string of attacks on the country's Shi'ite minority. The Islamic State soon claimed responsibility.
    (AFP, 10/11/16)(Reuters, 10/12/16)
2016        Oct 11, In China police in Beijing blocked off streets near a major military building, as hundreds of people wearing green camouflage uniforms chanted and waved national flags to protest against the loss of their posts.
    (Reuters, 10/11/16)
2016        Oct 11, Ethiopian PM Hailemariam Desalegn said his government wants to reform an electoral system which has excluded the opposition, in response to months of bloody protests.
    (AFP, 10/11/16)
2016        Oct 11, South African riot police fought stone-throwing students for a second consecutive day at the University of the Witwatersrand amid national calls by demonstrators for free higher education. It was reported that President Jacob Zuma has formed a ministerial team to help bring an end the weeks of clashes.
    (AP, 10/11/16)
2016        Oct 11, Shares in South Korea-based Samsung Electronics tumbled after the company junked its Note 7 smartphone. Samsung told customers to stop using their Galaxy Note 7 devices and called a halt to worldwide sales as US officials warned the handsets could blow up.
    (AFP, 10/11/16)
2016        Oct 11, In Switzerland the annual Martin Ennals Award was bestowed to imprisoned Chinese Muslim minority economics professor Ilham Tohti (46), shining new attention on a case that has brought strong international condemnation. Tohti was jailed for life two years ago for campaigning for the rights of the Muslim Uighur people. The award, founded in 1994, is bestowed by 10 rights groups including Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch.
    (AP, 10/11/16)(Reuters, 10/11/16)
2016        Oct 11, In Syria regime ally Russia carried out its heaviest strikes in days on Aleppo. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said 12 people, among them four children, were killed in raids in the Bustan al-Qasr and Fardos neighborhoods. At least five children were killed in rebel fire on a school in the southern city of Daraa.
    (AFP, 10/11/16)

2016        Oct 12, Egypt's military announced it will host Russian troops for war games along the Mediterranean coast, the latest step in the two countries' rapprochement and another sign of Moscow flexing its muscles in the Middle East.
    (AP, 10/12/16)
2016        Oct 12, Hong Kong held a swearing-in ceremony for recently chosen legislators. Three were declared unqualified to take their posts as they snubbed China during the chaotic ceremony.
    (Econ, 10/15/16, p.41)
2016        Oct 12, The Indian army said a three-day standoff with suspected rebels in Kashmir has ended after government forces killed two militants inside a building in Pampore town. The building was extensively damaged in the fighting.
    (AP, 10/12/16)
2016        Oct 12, In Syria rebels supported by Turkish tanks and US-led coalition air strikes pushed toward the Islamic State stronghold of Dabiq. Turkey’s military said clashes and air strikes over the past 24 hours have killed 47 jihadists. An airstrike hit the biggest market on the rebel-held side of Aleppo, killing at least 15 people and leveling buildings. Shelling on government-held parts of Aleppo killed 8 people.
    (Reuters, 10/12/16)(AP, 10/12/16)(Reuters, 10/13/16)

2016        Oct 13, Bob Dylan was awarded the Nobel Prize in literature for "having created new poetic expressions within the great American song tradition."
    (AP, 10/13/16)
2016        Oct 13, The US death toll from Hurricane Matthew rose to 38 with 22 of the deaths in North Carolina. The NC town of Princeville became submerged in as much as ten feet of water.
    (SFC, 10/14/16, p.A6)
2016        Oct 13, In the Central African Republic fighters from the mostly Muslim Seleka rebel group attacked the northern town of Kaga-Bandoro overnight killing at least 13 civilians. Int’l. forces repelled that attackers killing 10-15 fighters.
    (SFC, 10/14/16, p.A2)
2016        Oct 13, Chinese President Xi Jinping arrived in Cambodia for a two-day visit, praising the close ties that have seen Cambodia side with Beijing on the South China Sea, and signed dozens of economic agreements.
    (Reuters, 10/13/16)
2016        Oct 13, In Hungary tax investigators raided the offices of environmental group Energia Klub, seizing hundreds of documents and computer files as part of what they said was a "criminal investigation into budgetary fraud".
    (Reuters, 10/14/16)
2016        Oct 13, In Italy Dario Fo (90), playwright and 1997 Nobel Prize laureate, died. His plays included “The Accidental Death of an Anarchist" (1970).
    (SFC, 10/14/16, p.D10)(Econ, 10/22/16, p.82)
2016        Oct 13, The Maldives government said it has decided to leave the 53-member British Commonwealth because the grouping of former British colonies has treated it "unjustly and unfairly" and sought to interfere in its politics.
    (AP, 10/13/16)
2016        Oct 13, South African President Jacob Zuma (74) moved to block a watchdog's potentially explosive report into graft allegations against him, in his latest legal bid to protect his battered reputation.
    (AFP, 10/13/16)
2016        Oct 13, In Syria air strikes killed 13 people, when warplanes hit several rebel-held districts, including al-Kalaseh, Bustan al-Qasr and al-Sakhour.
    (Reuters, 10/13/16)

2016        Oct 14, Afghan officials said more than two hundred of members of security forces have been killed recently fighting insurgent attacks in and around Lashkar Gah, Helmand province. 45 civilians had also been killed in the fighting, which saw Taliban militants launch attacks on at least two areas of the city earlier this week. Helmand's poppy crop yields opium that makes most of the world's heroin.
    (AP, 10/14/16)
2016        Oct 14, Chinese President Xi Jinping began a visit to Bangladesh during which the two countries signed loan agreements for $20 billion for Chinese investment in infrastructure and energy and coordinating efforts in tackling terrorism and climate change.
    (AP, 10/14/16)
2016        Oct 14, In southwestern China a gas explosion inside a coal mine killed seven people and injured two more.
    (AP, 10/14/16)
2016        Oct 14, In Egypt suspected Islamic State gunmen killed 12 members of the military in North Sinai province and wounded six more in an attack on a checkpoint. 15 militants were reported killed in return.
    (Reuters, 10/14/16)
2016        Oct 14, The US-led coalition said it is increasing airstrikes in and around the militant-held city of Mosul as Iraqi ground forces build up ahead of a planned operation to retake the city.
    (AP, 10/14/16)
2016        Oct 14, Israel suspended cooperation with UNESCO, a day after the UN cultural agency adopted a draft resolution that Israel says denies the deep, historic Jewish connection to holy sites in Jerusalem.
    (AP, 10/14/16)
2016        Oct 14, In southwestern Pakistan gunmen riding on motorcycles shot and killed three paramilitary officers in the city of Quetta before fleeing.
    (AP, 10/14/16)
2016        Oct 14, The Russian city of Orel unveiled the country’s first monument to Czar Ivan the Terrible, who reigned from 1547-1584.
    (SFC, 10/15/16, p.A2)
2016        Oct 14, Russian President Vladimir Putin ratified an agreement with the Syrian government that allows Russia to use the Hmeimim air base in Syria indefinitely.
    (Reuters, 10/14/16)
2016        Oct 14, A Saudi soldier was killed when Yemen's Houthi group attacked across the border into the kingdom's southern Jizan province.
    (Reuters, 10/14/16)
2016        Oct 14, South Korea-based Samsung Electronics said that discontinuing the Galaxy Note 7 smartphone, which is prone to overheat and catch fire, will cost it about $3 billion in the current and coming quarters, raising total costs from the recalls to at least $5.3 billion.
    (AP, 10/14/16)
2016        Oct 14, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, a British-based monitor, said Russian and Syrian warplanes again pounded Aleppo’s opposition-controlled eastern districts, though it did not have any immediate information on casualties.
    (AFP, 10/14/16)
2016        Oct 14, At the Vatican a gathering of Jesuit priests from around the world elected the Rev. Arturo Sosa of Venezuela to replace the retiring Rev. Adolfo Nicolas of Spain as father general.
    (AP, 10/14/16)
2016        Oct 14, Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro issued the government's 2017 budget by decree, bypassing the opposition-held legislature in a move that could deepen the country's economic crisis.
    (AFP, 10/15/16)

2016        Oct 15, Shareholders of Italy’s Banco Popolare and Banca Popolare de Milano approved their merger. The new bank will be called Banco BPM.
    (Econ, 10/22/16, p.62)
2016        Oct 15, In Myanmar a ferry sank about 85 miles (137 km) northwest of Mandalay, as it traveled between the towns of Homalin and Monywa. 73 bodies, among them 54 women, 14 men and 5 whose gender had yet to be identified, were later found, in addition to the 159 passengers rescued alive.
    (Reuters, 10/21/16)

2016        Oct 16, Afghan authorities burned around five tons of heroin, hashish, drug-making chemicals and alcohol in a show of their commitment to curbing drug trafficking.
    (AFP, 10/16/16)
2016        Oct 16, In Brazil a prison riot in the far northern state of Roraima left 25 inmates killed and women visitors taken hostage. Seven of the dead were beheaded and six burned to death.
    (AFP, 10/17/16)
2016        Oct 16, The European Space Agency dispatched an experimental probe on the final leg of its quest to land on Mars, part of a mission aimed at exploring the red planet's atmosphere and searching for signs of life. The ExoMars mission was a joint endeavor by Europe’s and Russia’s space agencies.
    (AP, 10/16/16)(Econ, 10/22/16, p.71)
2016        Oct 16, In Indonesia more than 100 multi-colored paragliders filled the sky over Bali island, as they set a new world record for the largest number of gliders flying at the same time.
    (AFP, 10/16/16)
2016        Oct 16, The Iraqi army dropped tens of thousands of leaflets over Mosul before dawn, warning residents an offensive to recapture the city from Islamic State was in its final stages of preparation. A suicide bomber struck a gathering of Shiite mourners in Baghdad, killing at least 4 people and wounding another 12.
    (Reuters, 10/16/16)(AP, 10/16/16)
2016        Oct 16, Lebanon's largest Christian party rallied thousands of its supporters to push for the election of its leader, former Army Gen. Michel Aoun, as president.
    (AP, 10/16/16)
2016        Oct 16, In Montenegro a coup attempt included plans to assassinate the pro-Western PM Milo Djukanovic because of his government's bid to join NATO.
    (AP, 4/13/17)
2016        Oct 16, South African police raided a university student residence in Johannesburg early today, arresting Mcebo Dlamini, a leader of sometimes violent protests for free education who caused an outcry last year when he declared admiration for Adolf Hitler.
    (AP, 10/16/16)
2016        Oct 16, In Spain about 3,500 dogs of all breeds and sizes ran through the streets Madrid with their owners in the fifth edition of the "Perroton," or Dogathon, a yearly event that seeks to raise awareness about animal cruelty and encourage dog adoptions.
    (AP, 10/16/16)
2016        Oct 16, In Syria Turkish-backed Syrian opposition forces captured the town of Dabiq from the Islamic State group as government forces reversed recent rebel advances in the center of the country.
    (AP, 10/16/16)
2016        Oct 16, In eastern Ukraine Arseny Pavlov (33), a prominent Russian separatist commander known as “Motorola," was assassinated in Donetsk. His allies accused the Ukrainian government forces of murdering him to try to destabilize an already fragile ceasefire. Four armed masked men claimed responsibility for the killing in a video uploaded to the Internet. They appeared alongside a flag belonging to a pro-Ukrainian neo-Nazi group.
    (Reuters, 10/17/16)

2016        Oct 17, In Washington, DC. retired Marine Gen. James Cartwright (67) pleaded guilty to making false statements during an investigation into a leak of classified information about a covert cyber-attack on Iran’s nuclear facilities. He faced up to six months in prison.
    (SFC, 10/18/16, p.A4)
2016        Oct 17, In Brazil 8 inmates were killed and burned in a fresh prison riot. Police believed the riot was related to clashes a day earlier between rival factions in another jail that left 25 detainees dead.
    (AFP, 10/17/16)
2016        Oct 17, Two Chinese astronauts began the country's longest crewed space mission yet, blasting off on a spacecraft for a 30-day stay on the Tiangong 2 experimental space station as China steadfastly navigates its way to becoming a space superpower.
    (AP, 10/17/16)(SFC, 10/20/16, p.A2)
2016        Oct 17, Egypt passed legislation to crack down on people traffickers linked to a major surge in the numbers of migrants departing from the country's Mediterranean coast on often disastrous sea journeys to Europe.
    (Reuters, 10/17/16)
2016        Oct 17, In eastern India a fire broke out late today at the private Sum Hospital in the city of Bhubaneswar, killing at least 23 people.
    (AP, 10/18/16)
2016        Oct 17, An Indonesian official said three men were arrested over the weekend for allegedly trading in protected species, with police seizing animal parts including a tiger skin, deer genitalia and pangolin scales.
    (AFP, 10/17/16)
2016        Oct 17, Iraqi government forces launched a US-backed offensive to drive Islamic State from the northern city of Mosul. The United Nations refugee agency UNHCR said up to 100,000 Iraqis may flee to Syria and Turkey to escape the assault.
    (Reuters, 10/17/16)
2016        Oct 17, Italian PM Matteo Renzi flew to the United States for a high-profile visit that he hopes will boost his flagging campaign for a referendum on constitutional reform.
    (Reuters, 10/17/16)
2016        Oct 17, A Lithuanian court called former Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev to testify in a mass trial related to the 1991 crackdown on the country's independence movement.
    (AP, 10/17/16)
2016        Oct 17, In central Pakistan two passenger buses collided in Khanpur town killing 25 people and leaving 69 injured.
    (SFC, 10/18/16, p.A2)
2016        Oct 17, The editor-in-chief of Kremlin-funded television network RT said that all its bank accounts in Britain have been closed down.
    (AFP, 10/17/16)
2016        Oct 17, South African protesters demanding free university education broke windows, forced open doors and threw human excrement in an effort to disrupt the resumption of classes.
    (AP, 10/17/16)
2016        Oct 17, In Syria airstrikes by Russian warplanes on rebel-held areas in the northern province of Aleppo killed at least 36 people, including children.
    (AP, 10/17/16)
2016        Oct 17, Vietnam officials said that floods in four central provinces have killed 24 people and displaced thousands, with tropical storm Sarika in the South China Sea approaching the central coast.
    (SFC, 10/18/16, p.A2)

2016        Oct 18, Pres. Obama threw his support behind efforts that Italian PM Matteo Renzi is taking to overhaul the country’s political system and enhance its economy. Obama hosted Renzi for the final official visit and state dinner of his presidency.
    (SFC, 10/19/16, p.A4)
2016        Oct 18, Typhoon Sarika lashed China's southern resort island of Hainan, with torrential rain and winds of up to 162 kilometers per hour (100 mph) forcing authorities to evacuate almost half a million people and halt transport services.
    (Reuters, 10/18/16)
2016        Oct 19, The European Court of Justice ruled that internet-protocol addresses are subject to Europe’s data protection laws.
    (Econ, 11/5/16, p.59)
2016        Oct 18, India's National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) accused the western state of Maharashtra of negligence over the "shocking and painful" deaths in the past decade of more than 700 indigenous children in schools run by the authorities.
    (Reuters, 10/19/16)
2016        Oct 18, In India the Delhi Zoo was closed to the public after autopsies confirmed at least three birds had died from H5N1 avian influenza. Days later city authorities closed Hauz Khas Deer Park after eight birds died of suspected bird flu.
    (AP, 10/21/16)
2016        Oct 18, Iranian state news said Iranian-American businessman Siamak Namazi and his father Baquer Namazi, a former UNICEF representative, have been sentenced to 10 years in prison for cooperating with the hostile American government. Nizar Zakka, a US permanent resident from Lebanon, Farhad Abd-Saleh, Kamran Ghaderi, and Alireza Omidvar also received a 10-year prison sentences for espionage and collaboration with the American government.
    (AFP, 10/18/16)
2016        Oct 18, In Iraq residents of Mosul said Islamic State was using civilians as human shields as Iraqi and Kurdish forces captured outlying villages in their advance on the jihadists' stronghold.
    (Reuters, 10/18/16)
2016        Oct 18, Lithuanian President Dalia Grybauskaite said Russia's transfer of nuclear-capable missiles to its western outpost of Kaliningrad this month was an aggressive move against the whole of Europe.
    (Reuters, 10/18/16)
2016        Oct 18, In the Gaza Strip a Hamas-run court sentenced a man to death for allegedly collaborating with Israel.
    (SFC, 10/19/16, p.A2)
2016        Oct 18, Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte arrived in China to improve ties and restore trust between the sides following recent tensions over their South China Sea territorial dispute.
    (AP, 10/18/16)
2016        Oct 18, Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu said airstrikes in Syria were to be suspended starting from 10 a.m. today. He said the suspension is intended to prepare for the opening of humanitarian corridors for the rebels to leave Aleppo.
    (AP, 10/18/16)
2016        Oct 18, Saudi Arabia executed Prince Turki bin Saud bin Turki bin Saud Al-Kabeer for shooting another man in a melee.
    (http://tinyurl.com/jgnykqz)(SFC, 10/20/16, p.A2)
2016        Oct 18, Turkey’s PM Binali Yildirim said Turkish air force jets will join in the air operation backing Iraqi forces and Kurdish Peshmerga to retake Iraq's second city of Mosul from jihadists.
    (AFP, 10/18/16)
2016        Oct 18, UNESCO, the UN cultural agency, adopted a controversial Arab-sponsored resolution condemning Israel's actions at a flashpoint holy site in east Jerusalem that has sparked fury in the Jewish state.
    (AFP, 10/18/16)

2016        Oct 19, In Afghanistan a gunman in an Afghan army uniform shot dead at least two American advisers and wounded three more near a base in Kabul before being killed himself. Army Sgt. Douglas J. Riney (26) of Fairview, Illinois, and Michael G. Sauro (40) of McAlester, Oklahoma, died of wounds received in the attack.
    (http://tinyurl.com/hoccyxp)(Reuters, 10/19/16)
2016        Oct 19, Egypt's highest court quashed death sentences imposed on 14 Islamists over an attack on a police station in protest at the military's overthrow in 2013 of then-President Mohamed Mursi. Eight more defendants in the case were sentenced to death in absentia.
    (Reuters, 10/19/16)
2016        Oct 19, Indonesia, one of the world's biggest greenhouse gas emitters, ratified a landmark climate rescue pact but environmentalists expressed skepticism about the government's plans to limit global warming.
    (AFP, 10/19/16)
2016        Oct 19, A senior Iraqi general called on Iraqis fighting for the Islamic State group in Mosul to surrender as a wide-scale operation to retake the militant-held city entered its third day. Residents began returning to the village of Sheikh Amir on the road to Mosul, recaptured overnight by advancing Kurdish fighters.
    (AP, 10/19/16)(Reuters, 10/19/16)
2016        Oct 19, In Kashmir firing by Indian troops along the Line of Control, a ceasefire violation, killed one Pakistani and wounded 12.
    (AP, 10/20/16)
2016        Oct 19, In Kazakhstan two Russian cosmonauts and a NASA astronaut soared into orbit in a Soyuz spacecraft at the start of a two-day journey to the International Space Station.
    (AFP, 10/19/16)
2016        Oct 19, Palestinian woman Raheeq Shajeyeh Youssef (19) approached Israeli border police with a knife in a tense area of the West Bank and was shot dead by officers. Video later emerged appearing to show officers open fire on the woman after she was already on the ground.
    (AP, 10/19/16)(AFP, 10/20/16)
2016        Oct 19, In Syria a pause in Russian and Syrian strikes on Aleppo held into a second day, ahead of a brief ceasefire aimed at allowing civilians and rebels to quit the devastated city. Around 620 rebels and their families began evacuating the besieged town of Moadamiyat al-Sham, southwest of Damascus, under a deal with the government.
    (AFP, 10/19/16)
2016        Oct 19, In Yemen Saudi-led air strikes hit military bases in Sanaa and rival militias battled near the country's border with the kingdom, hours before a UN-mediated truce took effect. Houthi militia reportedly violated the truce 43 times and shelled the strategic city of Taiz.
    (Reuters, 10/19/16)(Reuters, 10/20/16)

2016        Oct 20, The US Treasury moved to disrupt the fundraising and operation of the Iranian-backed Hezbollah group, imposing sanctions on commander Haytham Ali Tabatabai, a number of others and a firm that assisted the organization, long seen as a terrorist outfit by Washington. Hezbollah enjoys strong support among Lebanon's Shi'ite community and wields enormous political influence in that country. Its military wing plays a major role in the Syrian conflict.
    (Reuters, 10/20/16)(SFC, 10/21/16, p.A2)
2016        Oct 20, China scored a major diplomatic victory, wielding its economic might and political clout to coax the Philippines into resuming a bilateral dialogue on their South China Sea territorial dispute following months of acrimony. That was followed with an announcement by Philippine Trade Secretary Ramon Lopez at a bilateral economic forum that his country and China will sign $13.5 billion of deals this week. The Philippines Presidential Communications Office said Xi committed more than $9 billion in low-interest loans to the country.
    (AP, 10/20/16)
2016        Oct 19, Members of the ExoMars team announced the arrival of the project’s craft at Mars. However, their landing craft, called Schiaparelli, went silent on its way to the surface of the planet.
    (Econ, 10/22/16, p.71)
2016        Oct 20, Ethiopian authorities said they had detained 1,645 people since declaring a state of emergency less than two weeks ago in a bid to quell mass protests and violence.
    (Reuters, 10/20/16)
2016        Oct 20, In India the celebration of Bollywood and international film kicked off amid the sober announcement that at least one screening was canceled. The Pakistani classic "Jago Hua Savera," or "Awake, It's Dawn," was dropped from the Mumbai Film Festival schedule after a local organization claimed it would cause public outrage.
    (AP, 10/21/16)
2016        Oct 20, India reported that a Dalit man has died in a fresh protest over land, as a campaign for land rights for the low-caste community widened across the country. He was one of three Dalit men who had been protesting over a lack of land titles in Junagadh in Gujarat state, and had consumed poison earlier this week.
    (Reuters, 10/20/16)
2016        Oct 20, Indonesia’s police said Sultan Azianzah (21), a suspected militant who attacked police on the outskirts of Jakarta, has died from gunshot wounds. Azianzah was unemployed and a member of Daulah Islam, a hardline group in Ciamis, West java province.
    (SFC, 10/21/16, p.A2)
2016        Oct 20, Iraqi special forces charged into the Mosul battle with a pre-dawn advance on a nearby town held by the Islamic State group, a key part of a multi-pronged assault on eastern approaches to the besieged city.
    (AP, 10/20/16)
2016        Oct 20, In Iraq Islamic State set a sulfur plant ablaze during fighting around al-Mishraq, south of Mosul.
    (Reuters, 10/22/16)
2016        Oct 20, In Italy the Milan city council bestowed honorary citizenship on the Dalai Lama over the objections of Chinese Embassy, which said the gesture would have a negative impact on bilateral relations and regional cooperation.
    (AP, 10/20/16)
2016        Oct 20, Nepal said it will allow its nationals to go to war-torn Afghanistan for work, ending an almost four-month ban imposed after 13 Nepali security guards were killed by a Taliban suicide bomber in the Afghan capital.
    (Reuters, 10/20/16)
2016        Oct 20, Pakistan's Supreme Court paved the way for execution of a mentally ill death-row prisoner by ruling that schizophrenia does not qualify as a mental disorder. Imdad Ali has been on death row since he was convicted in 2001 in a murder case.
    (AP, 10/21/16)
2016        Oct 20, Spain's Constitutional Court cancelled a bullfighting ban in Catalonia in what is likely to exacerbate tensions between Madrid and the separatist region, and drew an outcry from animal activists.
    (AFP, 10/20/16)
2016        Oct 20, A Saudi-led military coalition said missiles fired from Yemen injured civilians in southern Saudi Arabia, and Houthi fighters said an air strike by the alliance killed three people. Warplanes from the Saudi-led coalition hit rebel positions outside Sanaa late today, after the alliance accused insurgents of breaching a shaky ceasefire.
    (Reuters, 10/20/16)(AFP, 10/21/16)
2016        Oct 20, The Syrian military said a unilateral ceasefire backed by Russia had come into force to allow people to leave eastern Aleppo, a move rejected by rebels who say they are preparing a counter-offensive to break the blockade. Russia has told the United Nations it will stop bombing eastern Aleppo for 11 hours a day for four days.
    (Reuters, 10/20/16)
2016        Oct 20, In Venezuela elections officials issued an order suspending a recall signature drive a week before it was to start.
    (AP, 10/22/16)

2016        Oct 21, Reports of online disruption cropped up across the East Coast of the United States after a key internet firm was hit by a cyberattack. Manchester, New Hampshire-based Dyn, Inc. said its server infrastructure was hit by a distributed denial-of-service attack, which works by overwhelming targeted machines with junk traffic.
    (AP, 10/21/16)
2016        Oct 21, Prosecutors from Belgium, France, Morocco and Spain called for the ability to unlock phones and computers and to gain access to encrypted communications to aid in the fight against terrorism following a 2-day meeting in Paris.
    (AP, 10/21/16)
2016        Oct 21, British American Tobacco offered to buy Reynolds American Inc. in a $47 billion deal that would create the world's largest publicly traded tobacco company and attempt to make up for a decline in smoking in the US and Europe.
    (AP, 10/21/16)
2016        Oct 21, In Cameroon an overloaded train derailed killing at least 79 people. More than 600 were injured.
    (AP, 10/22/16)(AFP, 10/24/16)
2016        Oct 21, Police in China's central city of Wuhan detained a person, surnamed Rong, for spreading rumors in what a state-run newspaper said was a video purportedly showing a demonstration involving workers at Wuhan Iron and Steel (Wugang).
    (Reuters, 10/23/16)
2016        Oct 21, Typhoon Haima barreled into southern China after hammering the northern Philippines with ferocious wind and rain, triggering flooding, landslides and power outages and killing at least 13 people.
    (AP, 10/21/16)
2016        Oct 21, Indian banks scrambled to contain the damage after finding that more than 3.2 million debit cards may have been hacked.
    (AP, 10/21/16)
2016        Oct 21, In India a smartphone application was launched that allows residents to report the presence of construction dust or the burning of leaves and garbage in New Delhi's public parks to authorities. The phone app was launched by the Environmental Pollution (Prevention and Control) Authority, a monitoring group set up on the order of India's Supreme Court in April.
    (AP, 10/22/16)
2016        Oct 21, Islamic State militants armed with assault rifles and explosives attacked targets in and around the northern Iraqi city of Kirkuk, in an assault that appeared aimed at diverting Iraqi security forces from a massive offensive against the IS-held city of Mosul. At least 13 workers, including four Iranians, were killed. IS militants stormed a power plant north of Kirkuk and then blew themselves up. A local TV reporter was killed by a sniper while covering the clashes.
    (AP, 10/21/16)
2016        Oct 21, The UN said Islamic State militants have taken 550 families from villages around Mosul and are holding them close to Islamic State locations in the city, probably as human shields.
    (Reuters, 10/21/16)
2016        Oct 21, In Russia 3 crew members and 16 passengers died when the Russian-made Mi-8 helicopter came down late today in adverse weather conditions in northwest Siberia.
    (Reuters, 10/22/16)
2016        Oct 21, Singapore posted new public speaking rules, clarifying that foreign companies and individuals need a permit to sponsor or take part in certain events, in an amendment that will restrict foreign support for an annual gay-rights gathering.
    (Reuters, 10/21/16)
2016        Oct 21, South Africa announced that it would withdraw from the International Criminal Court (ICC), dealing a major blow to a troubled institution set up to try the world's worst crimes.
    (AFP, 10/21/16)

2016        Oct 22, AT&T unveiled a mega-deal for Time Warner that would transform the telecom giant into a media-entertainment powerhouse positioned for a sector facing major technology changes. The stock-and-cash deal was valued at $108.7 billion including debt, and gives a value of $84.5 billion to Time Warner.
    (AFP, 10/23/16)(Econ, 10/29/16, p.55)
2016        Oct 22, An Egyptian court confirmed a 20-year prison sentence against former president Mohamed Mursi. The sentence was for a conviction arising from the killings of protesters during demonstrations in 2012. Twenty-year jail sentences were also confirmed against other senior figures from the then-ruling Muslim Brotherhood, including Mohamed el-Beltagy and Essam el-Erian.
    (Reuters, 10/22/16)
2016        Oct 22, In Egypt Suspected Islamic militants gunned down Brig-Gen. Adel Ragai, commander of the army's 9th armored division based in the sprawling military base of Dahshour west of Cairo.
    (AP, 10/22/16)
2016        Oct 22, Iraqi forces advanced to 5 km (3 miles) from Mosul in an offensive against Islamic State's last major Iraq stronghold. Iraqi cameraman Ali Raysan was killed covering the military offensive. Iraqi security forces battled for a second day with Islamic State group gunmen who infiltrated Kirkuk. The Kirkuk police chief said 48 jihadist attackers had been killed so far and several others wounded.
    (Reuters, 10/22/16)(AFP, 10/22/16)
2016        Oct 22, Iraq's parliament passed a law late today forbidding the import, production or selling of alcoholic beverages in a surprise move that angered many in the country's Christian community who rely on the business. Some lawmakers planned to submit an appeal at the High Federal Court.
    (AP, 10/23/16)
2016        Oct 22, Police in Spain said they have arrested 21 people and freed four women while breaking up an alleged human trafficking ring.
    (AP, 10/22/16)
2016        Oct 22, Turkey's Pres. Recep Tayyip Erdogan said the country will be expanding its operations in north Syria, including entering the cities of al-Bab, Manbij and Raqqa.
    (AP, 10/22/16)
2016        Oct 22, In Venezuela thousands of women marched in Caracas against leftist Pres. Nicolas Maduro's decision to block opposition-led efforts for a recall referendum.
    (AFP, 10/22/16)
2016        Oct 22, In Yemen Saudi-backed government forces and Iran-allied Houthis accused each other of violating a ceasefire as the UN tried to extend a 3-day truce.
    (Reuters, 10/22/16)

2016        Oct 23, In Oklahoma Michael Vance (38) shot two police officers, stole a patrol car, carjacked another car and then killed his aunt and uncle in Luther. On Oct 30 Vance was shot and killed in a gunbattle with state troopers near Leedey.
    (SFC, 10/25/16, p.A6)(SFC, 11/1/16, p.A10)
2016        Oct 23, The Afghan government and UN released a new joint survey that saw an increase of 10 percent in opium poppy cultivation and 91 percent decrease in eradication across the country.
    (AP, 10/23/16)
2016        Oct 23, In Afghanistan a precision strike conducted by the US military in Kunar province killed Farouq al-Qahtani, Al-Qaeda's emir for northeastern Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 11/4/16)
2016        Oct 23, Police in Argentina found the body of Claudia Arias (31) in Mendoza, alongside the corpses of her aunt and grandmother. The women had been beaten and stabbed to death. Two of Claudia’s three children were wounded. Ex-partner Daniel Zalazar was soon arrested on suspicion of murder.
    (Econ, 11/5/16, p.30)
2016        Oct 23, In India police opened fire in Saiko in the district of Khunti, Jharkhand state, after protesters blocked the road, assaulted police and took several policemen hostage. One man was killed.
    (Reuters, 10/24/16)
2016        Oct 23, Italian officials said that 14 bodies have been recovered in a two-day period on smugglers' boats packed with migrants. In all 5,700 migrants were rescued from dozens of small boats and rubber dinghies over the previous two days.
    (AP, 10/23/16)
2016        Oct 23, In Kashmir shelling across the border between India and Pakistan killed two Pakistani civilians, an Indian soldier and a boy.
    (Reuters, 10/24/16)
2016        Oct 23, Kurdish fighters said they had taken the town of Bashiqa near Mosul from Islamic State as coalition forces pressed their offensive against the jihadists' last stronghold in Iraq.
    (Reuters, 10/23/16)
2016        Oct 23, In Russia 3 people were killed and 13 others injured after an explosion, believed to have been caused by gas, hit a high-rise apartment building in Ryazan.
    (AP, 10/23/16)
2016        Oct 23, Russian police killed two suspected terrorists in a shootout in in Nizhny Novgorod. A bomb was found in the suspects' car.
    (AP, 10/23/16)
2016        Oct 23, Spain's embattled Socialists voted to lift a long-standing veto that has prevented the conservatives from forming a minority government, in what should finally end a ten-month political impasse.
    (AFP, 10/23/16)
2016        Oct 23, A leading northern Syrian rebel coalition warned civilians in Aleppo to stay away from government positions around the contested city as rebels and pro-government forces clashed along the city's outskirts. Clashes and air strikes shook Aleppo, as heavy fighting resumed after the end of a 3-day ceasefire.
    (AP, 10/23/16)(AFP, 10/23/16)
2016        Oct 23, Venezuela's opposition-majority legislature declared that President Nicolas Maduro's government had committed a coup d'etat by blocking a referendum on removing him from power, vowing mass protests and international pressure.
    (AP, 10/24/16)
2016        Oct 23, In Yemen warplanes from a Saudi-led coalition attacked targets in Sanaa at dawn, hours after a three-day truce expired.
    (Reuters, 10/23/16)

2016        Oct 24, Robert Thomas Velline b.1943, known professionally as Bobby Vee, died from complications of Alzheimer's disease in Rogers, Minnesota. He  was an American pop singer who was a teen idol in the early 1960s. He had thirty-eight Hot 100 chart hits, ten of which reached the Top 20 and six gold singles in his career.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bobby_Vee)
2016        Oct 24, A leak prompted the Seaway Crude Pipeline Company LLC to shut one of the largest pipeline systems feeding crude from the US oil storage hub in Cushing, Oklahoma to Gulf coast refineries. Enterprise said much of it was contained in a retention pond at Enbridge's facility.
    (Reuters, 10/24/16)
2016        Oct 24, In the Central African Republic UN troops fired warning shots as angry protesters marched through Bangui, demanding that "passive" UN peacekeepers be sent home for failing to do their job. A coalition of civil society groups had called for a one-day strike in the city of one million to press demands for a pullout of the UN's 12,000-strong MINUSCA force.
    (AFP, 10/24/16)
2016        Oct 24, In northwestern China a powerful blast at a prefabricated house killed at least seven people and injured 94 in the town of Xinmin, Shaanxi province.
    (Reuters, 10/24/16)
2016        Oct 24, It was announced that HNA Group is snapping up a 25 percent ownership stake of the Hilton hotel chain for about $6.5 billion, the latest attempt by a Chinese interest to acquire real estate in the US.
    (AP, 10/24/16)
2016        Oct 24, In eastern India police killed 24 rebels in a shoot-out near the border of Odisha and Andhra Pradesh states, one of the heaviest casualties inflicted in recent years on the Maoists who are waging a long-running insurgency.
    (AFP, 10/24/16)
2016        Oct 24, In India Ratan Tata orchestrated the firing of Cyrus Mistry from the Tata Holding Group holding company. Mistry continued to have support from some of the operating companies.
    (Econ, 11/19/16, p.12)
2016        Oct 24, In Pakistan two gunmen on a motorcycle opened fire killing officer Akbar Ali in the Charsadda district of Khayber Pakhtunkhwa province. The attackers fled the scene.
    (AP, 10/24/16)
2016        Oct 24, In southwest Pakistan militant fighters attacked a police training college in Quetta late today in a raid that killed 61 people and wounded more than 100. Pakistani authorities blamed militant group, Lashkar-e-Jhangvi (LeJ).
    (Reuters, 10/25/16)(AP, 10/25/16)
2016        Oct 24, Syrian government forces and their allies captured strategic high ground in embattled Aleppo as Russia — a key ally of Syrian President Bashar Assad — said it was not planning more "humanitarian pauses" in the fighting in the city's eastern, rebel-held districts. 16 civilians, including three children, were killed in heavy bombardment across rebel-held Idlib province.
    (AP, 10/24/16)(AFP, 10/24/16)
2016        Oct 24, Venezuela’s Pres. Maduro made a surprise visit to the pope, who has been trying to arrange a meeting between the government and the opposition.
    (SFC, 3/6/17, p.29)

2016        Oct 25, A US Coast Guard search plane located the 97-foot sailboat of Chinese sailor Guo Chuan (51) 600 miles northwest of Oahu. He had departed San Francisco on October 18 in an effort to break a world record and reach Shanghai in 18 days. Rescuers boarded the boat a day later and found Chuan missing.
    (SFC, 10/28/16, p.D2)
2016        Oct 25, New York novelist Paul Beatty (b.1962) became the first American to win the Man Booker Prize for Fiction for “Sellout," his 4th novel.
    (SFC, 10/26/16, p.A6)(Econ, 10/29/16, p.74)
2016        Oct 25, In Afghanistan battles were underway between the Taliban and Afghan security forces that saw two militant commanders killed. Taliban insurgents abducted a group of 33 people near the Ghor province capital of Ferozkoh.
    (AP, 10/26/16)
2016        Oct 25, Iraqi forces backed by US-led coalition airstrikes battled Islamic State militants for a third day in Ruba, Anbar province, hundreds of km to the south of the operation to retake the northern city of Mosul.
    (AP, 10/25/16)
2016        Oct 25, An Israeli man reportedly working on a border fence between Israel and Egypt was shot and killed when gunmen in Egypt opened fire at him. A senior Egyptian security official said that human traffickers shot at Israelis working on the barrier.
    (AP, 10/25/16)
2016        Oct 25, In Saudi Arabia gunmen shot dead two security officers in the eastern city of Dammam. The Interior Ministry later said the gunmen were connected to previous militant attacks in the region and had been trained abroad.
    (Reuters, 10/27/16)
2016        Oct 25, The Saudi-led coalition denied it had imposed a "blockade" on Yemen, saying instead that it was controlling access to the country to prevent pro-Iran rebels from obtaining arms.
    (AFP, 10/25/16)
2016        Oct 25, In Venezuela opposition supporters headed to rallies around the country against unpopular socialist President Nicolas Maduro, whom they accuse of turning into a dictator by preventing a plebiscite to remove him.
    (Reuters, 10/26/16)

2016        Oct 26, In Afghanistan Taliban insurgents killed 26 Afghan civilians after abducting them in the remote central province of Ghor the previous day.
    (AP, 10/26/16)
2016        Oct 26, In Hong Kong newly elected pro-democracy lawmakers Yau Wai-ching (25) and Sixtus Leung (30) defied an order barring them from taking their oaths after being disqualified earlier for insulting China, sparking more unruly scenes in Hong Kong's legislature. The session was adjourned until next week.
    (AP, 10/26/16)
2016        Oct 26, A Hungarian policeman (46) was shot dead with a machine gun early today when police tried to search the home of a man (76) suspected of illegal possession of firearms in bony.
    (Reuters, 10/26/16)
2016        Oct 26, Iraq's army said it had regained full control of the western town of Rutba, three days after Islamic State attacked it.
    (Reuters, 10/26/16)
2016        Oct 26, Israeli archaeologists made public a fragment of an ancient text which they say is the earliest Hebrew reference to Jerusalem outside the Bible. The piece of papyrus, dated by the Israel Antiquities Authority to the 7th century B.C., was presented at a news conference in Jerusalem shortly after Paris-based UNESCO adopted a resolution that Israel said denied Judaism's link to the ancient city.
    (Reuters, 10/26/16)
2016        Oct 26, In central Italy a pair of strong earthquakes struck late today in the same region hit by a deadly quake in August. The only death in the aftermath was attributed to a heart attack in a 73-year-old man.
    (AP, 10/27/16)
2016        Oct 26, Pakistani authorities arrested Sharbat Gula, an Afghan woman immortalized on a 1985 National Geographic magazine cover, for living in the country on fraudulent identity papers. On Oct 30 a government minister said she would be freed on bail days. On Nov 2 a Peshawar court denied the bail request.
    (AFP, 10/30/16)(AP, 11/2/16)
2016        Oct 26, Pakistan's military said Indian troops have killed two civilians and wounded eight others in what it called an incident of "unprovoked firing" in a remote village bordering Indian-controlled Kashmir, while a third villager died in hospital of gunshot wounds sustained in a similar incident the previous day.
    (AP, 10/26/16)
2016        Oct 26, South African police fired stun grenades, water cannon and tear gas to disperse students protesting outside parliament over the cost of university tuition fees. Finance Minister Pravin Gordhan said students at universities and higher education institutions will receive an extra 17 billion rand ($1.2 billion) over the next three years.
    (Reuters, 10/26/16)
2016        Oct 26, In Syria airstrikes killed 28 people, including 22 children, when warplanes struck a residential area housing the Haas village school complex in the rebel-held province of Idlib. Human Rights Watch said improvised land mines planted by the Islamic State group have killed and wounded hundreds of civilians, including dozens of children, in Manbij, a town recently freed of the militants.
    (AP, 10/26/16)(Reuters, 10/27/16)(SFC, 10/28/16, p.A6)(SFC, 3/15/17, p.A2)

2016        Oct 27, The US Justice Department charged 61 defendants at home and abroad in connection with a call center operation that officials say is based in India. Authorities served nine warrants in eight states and arrested 20 people in the international fraud and money laundering scheme investigation on five call center groups.
    (AP, 10/27/16)
2016        Oct 27, Senior officials from the United States, Japan and South Korea agreed to step up pressure on North Korea as they stick to their goal of persuading the communist state to abandon its nuclear weapons.
    (AP, 10/27/16)
2016        Oct 27, In the Central African Republic clashes between elements of the anti-Balaka and ex-Seleka caused 15 deaths and a number of wounded in Bambari.
    (Reuters, 10/29/16)(SSFC, 10/30/16, p.A4)
2016        Oct 27, ZTO Express, a China-based delivery company, raised $1.4 billion in an IPO on the New York Stock Exchange, the largest offering this year. The stock closed down 15% at $16.75.
    (SSFC, 10/30/16, p.D2)
2016        Oct 27, China's Communist Party elevated President Xi Jinping to the position of "core" leader, underscoring his clout and strengthening his dominance ahead of a reshuffle in the top ranks next year.
    (AP, 10/27/16)
2016        Oct 27, EU governments put 10 more people under sanctions over the crisis in Syria, targeting high-ranking military officials and senior figures linked to President Bashar al-Assad.
    (Reuters, 10/27/16)
2016        Oct 27, In Indonesia a Jakarta court sentenced Jessica Kumala Wongso (28), accused of killing former classmate Wayan Mirna Salihin last January with cyanide-laced coffee, to 20 years in prison, in a dramatic climax to a trial that was broadcast live and became a national spectacle.
    (AP, 10/27/16)
2016        Oct 27, The United States said up to 900 Islamic State group jihadists have been killed in the offensive to retake Iraq's Mosul, as camps around the city filled with fleeing civilians.
    (AFP, 10/27/16)
2016        Oct 27, Two Yazidi women who survived a nightmare ordeal of kidnapping, rape and slavery at the hands of Islamic State jihadists won the European Parliament's prestigious Sakharov human rights prize. Yazidis are followers of an ancient religion with more than half a million believers concentrated in northern Iraq.
    (AFP, 10/27/16)
2016        Oct 27, The Pakistani government banned all political meetings, rallies and protests in the capital, Islamabad, ahead of a planned opposition march against PM Nawaz Sharif on Nov. 2. The ban, which also applies to the adjacent garrison city of Rawalpindi, will remain in force for two months.
    (AP, 10/27/16)
2016        Oct 27, The provincial court of Pakistan's Sindh province ordered police and the area's excise department to start closing all shops selling alcohol.
    (AP, 10/27/16)
2016        Oct 27, In Syria at least 8 people were killed in government shelling on Douma, a rebel-held suburb Damascus. At least 6 children were killed and 15 injured in rebel rocket attacks in the government-held west of Aleppo city.
    (AP, 10/27/16)(AFP, 10/27/16)
2016        Oct 27, In eastern Ukraine six people died in clashes between government forces and pro-Russian insurgents, the highest death toll since international peace talks held 10 days ago.
    (AFP, 10/28/16)

2016        Oct 28, Zcash, a new crypto-currency, made its debut. The new digital currency was based on the Bitcoin code.
    (Econ, 10/29/16, p.65)
2016        Oct 28, In eastern Afghanistan an airstrike hit the home of a Taliban commander in Nangarhar province and caused several civilian casualties. The US strike targeted the home of Mawlawi Mohammad Alam, a Taliban commander in the Sherzad district.
    (Reuters, 10/28/16)   
2016        Oct 28, In the Central African Republic clashes between militia groups killed six gendarmes and four civilians.
    (Reuters, 10/29/16)
2016        Oct 28, Egypt's health ministry said 12 people have died and dozens were injured as heavy rain battered several cities across the country.
    (AP, 10/28/16)
2016        Oct 28, Crowds of mostly young Iranians attended the march near the ancient city of Pasargadae in central province of Fars to celebrate the day unofficially marked in the Iranian calendar as Cyrus Day. On Oct 31 prosecutor Ali Salehi said the main leaders and organizers of the gathering have been arrested.
    (Reuters, 10/31/16)
2016        Oct 28, In Kashmir soldiers from India and Pakistan continued to shell villages and border posts. An Indian paramilitary officer said a civilian and a soldier were killed by Pakistani firing.
    (AP, 10/28/16)
2016        Oct 28, Lebanese singer and composer Melham Barakat (71) died at a Beirut hospital. He was highly esteemed and popular across the region. His most popular songs included "Two Moons at my Door," and "Habibi Inta (You are my Love)".
    (AP, 10/28/16)
2016        Oct 28, In the Maldives six ruling party lawmakers defected to work with the opposition in the party's first open split and a major challenge to President Yameen Abdul Gayoom's rule.
    (AP, 10/28/16)
2016        Oct 28, Myanmar's government said that a pregnant foreign woman has been diagnosed with the country's first case of Zika, a mosquito-borne virus linked to birth defects.
    (AFP, 10/28/16)
2016        Oct 28, Pakistani riot police clashed with stone-throwing supporters of cricketer-turned-politician Imran Khan who rallied in the capital in defiance of a government-imposed ban on demonstrations.
    (AP, 10/28/16)
2016        Oct 28, A Palestinian attacked Israeli troops with his car late today and then with a knife in the occupied West Bank before being shot and seriously wounded.
    (AP, 10/29/16)
2016        Oct 28, South Africa said it has detected its first outbreak of Tomato Leaf Miner, a pest originally from South America which can ruin tomato and potato crops. Tomato Leaf Miner spread from South America to Europe in 2006 and has since moved southward through Africa and Asia. It has been reported in Kenya and Tanzania and was detected in Zambia in September.
    (Reuters, 10/28/16)
2016        Oct 28, Syrian rebels including jihadists began a counter-attack against the army and its allies aiming to break a weeks-long siege on eastern Aleppo. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, a British-based war monitor, said more than 15 civilians had been killed and 100 wounded by rebel shelling of government-held western Aleppo.
    (Reuters, 10/28/16)
2016        Oct 28, The UN human rights office said Islamic State forces in Iraq have abducted tens of thousands of men, women and children from areas around Mosul and are using them as "human shields" in strategic sites in the city as Iraqi troops advance.
    (Reuters, 10/28/16)
2016        Oct 28, The UN General Assembly voted Russia off the Human Rights Council.
    (SFC, 10/29/16, p.A2)
2016        Oct 28, In Venezuela a 12-hour work stoppage came as the opposition stepped up its campaign to force embattled socialist Pres. Maduro from office after electoral authorities canceled a recall referendum seeking his removal.
    (AP, 10/28/16)
2016        Oct 28, Yemen's Shiite rebels and their allies fired a ballistic missile deep into Saudi Arabia in an overnight strike that they said had targeted an international airport while the kingdom claimed that it flew toward the holy Muslim city of Mecca.
    (AP, 10/28/16)

2016        Oct 29, A senior US official said China's imports of North Korean coal run counter to global sanctions, adding that a US missile system deployed in South Korea should "motivate" Beijing to pressure Pyongyang over its nuclear program.
    (Reuters, 10/29/16)
2016        Oct 29, In Cambodia former PM Pen Sovann (80), died. He was installed in 1981 and then imprisoned by the Vietnamese after they defeated the brutal Khmer Rouge regime.
    (AP, 10/30/16)
2016        Oct 29, In El Salvador Tony Saca, former president (2004-2009), was arrested on charges ranging from money laundering to illicit enrichment. Six other government officials from his time in office were also arrested as part of the corruption probe.
    (CSM, 10/31/16)(Econ, 1/21/17, p.26)
2016        Oct 29, An Egyptian court sentenced two Muslim Brotherhood supporters to life in prison and 16 others to 15 years in jail for a violent assault on a Cairo neighborhood in 2013 after the ouster of former president Mohamed Mursi. A senior military officer and one soldier were killed by a roadside explosion in the North Sinai where the government faced an Islamic State-led insurgency.
    (Reuters, 10/29/16)
2016        Oct 29, Icelanders voted in a snap election that could see the anti-establishment Pirate Party form the next government in the wake of the Panama Papers tax-dodging scandal and lingering anger over the 2008 financial meltdown. The governing coalition of the Independence Party and the Progressive Party together won 29 seats in the 63-member parliament. The Pirates and its three center-left allies won 27 seats.
    (AFP, 10/29/16)(AFP, 10/30/16)
2016        Oct 29, In Iraq Islamic State militants killed 40 former members of the Iraqi Security Forces near Mosul and threw their bodies in the Tigris river.
    (Reuters, 11/1/16)
2016        Oct 29, In Iraq a suicide bombing claimed by the Islamic State jihadist group targeted Shiite Muslims in Baghdad, killing at least four people.
    (AFP, 10/29/16)
2016        Oct 29, Iraqi Shi'ite militias said they had launched an offensive towards the west of Mosul, an operation that could inflame sectarian tension in the mainly Sunni region.
    (Reuters, 10/29/16)
2016        Oct 29, In Kashmir two Indian soldiers were killed in fighting with Pakistani soldiers and suspected militants along the volatile frontier.
    (AP, 10/29/16)
2016        Oct 29, In Pakistan gunmen on motorcycles killed five people at a religious gathering of Shi'ite Muslims in Karachi, in the latest attack claimed by the Sunni militant group Lashkar-e-Jhangvi's Al Alami faction.
    (Reuters, 10/29/16)(Reuters, 11/7/16)
2016        Oct 29, In South Korea thousands of people took to the streets of Seoul calling for increasingly unpopular Pres. Park Geun-hye to step down over allegations that she let an old friend, the daughter of a religious cult leader, interfere in important state affairs.
    (AP, 10/29/16)
2016        Oct 29, Syrian government forces launched a counteroffensive under the cover of airstrikes in an attempt to regain control of areas they had lost to insurgents the day before in Aleppo as insurgents launched a fresh offensive on the city.
    (AP, 10/29/16)
2016        Oct 29, In western Yemen Saudi-led coalition air strikes late today on the rebel-held al-Zaydiya security buildings in Hodeida killed at least 60 people, many of them inmates buried under the rubble of their detention center.
    (AFP, 10/30/16)(SSFC, 10/30/16, p.A5)
2016        Oct 29, In southwestern Yemen at least 17 civilians were killed by a Saudi-led coalition air strike that struck a house in Taiz province. Exiled Pres. Hadi rejected a UN peace proposal to end the turmoil saying the deal would only be a path to more war and destruction.
    (Reuters, 10/29/16)

2016        Oct 30, An Afghan official said that at least seven civilians have been killed after a mortar shell fired by insurgent groups hit a home in Baghlan province.
    (AP, 10/30/16)
2016        Oct 30, Brazil held nationwide municipal elections in a 2nd round of voting following the first-round on October 2. Marcelo Crivella, a Pentecostal bishop, was elected mayor of Rio de Janeiro.
    (AFP, 10/30/16)(Econ, 11/5/16, p.30)
2016        Oct 30, Indonesia said it will resume some shipments of coal to the Philippines, after a months-long halt due to concerns about piracy in seas between the two archipelagos
    (Reuters, 10/30/16)
2016        Oct 30, In Iraq a parked car bomb exploded in Baghdad's northwestern neighborhood of Hurriyah, killing at least 10 and wounding 34. It was the fifth such explosion in the capital today. The day's casualty toll from the attacks in Baghdad stood at 17 dead and over 60 wounded.
    (AP, 10/30/16)
2016        Oct 30, Iraqi troops and security forces edged closer to Mosul on two southern fronts but a leader of the Shi'ite militias newly participating in the offensive warned that the battle for Islamic State's Iraq stronghold would be long and grueling.
    (Reuters, 10/30/16)
2016        Oct 30, Italy's most powerful earthquake in 36 years stuck the country's mountainous center, panicking shell-shocked residents for the third time in two months and flattening a world famous 600-year-old basilica. The 6.6 magnitude quake hit near the small mountain town of Norcia. There were no reports of anyone dying.
    (AFP, 10/30/16)
2016        Oct 30, Pakistani police arrested more than 100 supporters of opposition politician Imran Khan who entered Islamabad days before a planned protest shutdown of the capital.
    (AFP, 10/30/16)
2016        Oct 30, A Russian Soyuz space capsule landed in Kazakhstan, bringing astronauts Kate Rubins of NASA, Japan's Takuya Onishi and Anatoly Ivanishin of Russia back to Earth from a 115-day mission aboard the International Space Station.
    (AP, 10/30/16)
2016        Oct 30, Saudi Arabia said it broke up two militant plots in recent weeks, one with Islamic State militants trying to kill police officers and the second involving parking a car bomb at a soccer match with the United Arab Emirates.
    (AP, 10/30/16)
2016        Oct 30, Syrian rebels opened a new front in Aleppo as fighting spread on the third day of a major insurgent counter-attack to break the government's siege of the opposition-held part of the city, and each side accused the other using poison gas. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said at least 38 people including 14 children had been killed in rebel shelling of government-held areas of Aleppo in the last 48 hours.
    (Reuters, 10/30/16)
2016        Oct 30, Ukraine officials faced a deadline to upload details of their assets and income in 2015 to a publicly searchable database. Reuters calculations based on the declarations show that the 24 members of the Ukrainian cabinet together have nearly $7 million, just in cash. The average salary in the country is just over $200 per month.
    (Reuters, 10/31/16)

2016        Oct 31, President Barack Obama extended US sanctions on Sudan for another year as of November 3, saying Khartoum's policies remained an "extraordinary threat" to the national security of the United States.
    (AFP, 11/1/16)(Econ, 12/3/16, p.40)
2016        Oct 31, In eastern Afghanistan a suicide attack devastated a gathering of local elders in Jalalabad, Nangarhar province. The Islamic State claimed responsibility for the attack. Afghan officials said four people were killed and seven wounded, while a statement from Islamic State said 15 "apostates" were killed and 25 wounded.
    (Reuters, 10/31/16)
2016        Oct 31, In southern Brazil a bus and a tanker truck filled with milk burst into flames when they collided, killing 20 people and injuring at least 10 near Cafezal do Sul in Parana state.
    (AP, 10/31/16)
2016        Oct 31, China said it will invest 946.3 billion yuan ($140 billion) by 2020 to relocate its poorest citizens from remote, inland regions to more developed areas.
    (Reuters, 10/31/16)
2016        Oct 31, China's Foreign Ministry confirmed a decision to allow Philippine fishermen access to a disputed shoal following a visit to Beijing by the Philippine president.
    (AP, 10/31/16)
2016        Oct 31, In western China a gas explosion ripped through the privately owned Jinshangou coal mine killing 33 miners in the Chongqing region. Two miners were rescued.
    (AP, 10/31/16)(SFC, 11/2/16, p.A2)
2016        Oct 31, In Egypt militants attacked the same Bir el-Abd army checkpoint in Sinai where 12 soldiers were killed earlier this month, this time leaving one soldier dead.
    (AP, 10/31/16)
2016        Oct 31, Egypt's Health Ministry said recent floods have killed 26 people and injured 72 others across the country.
    (AP, 10/31/16)
2016        Oct 31, French Defence Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian said that France would be ready to intervene in Central African Republic if necessary, despite ending its peacekeeping mission in its former colony.
    (Reuters, 10/31/16)
2016        Oct 31, In Indonesia a cargo plane carrying four people was reported missing in a remote, mountainous area of easternmost Papua province.
    (AP, 10/31/16)
2016        Oct 31, Iraqi troops entered the Karama district of the Islamic State stronghold of Mosul, their first advance into the city itself after two weeks of fighting in the surrounding area to dislodge the militants. The Islamic State executed 50 people for desertion at the Ghazlani military base in Mosul.
    (Reuters, 10/31/16)(Reuters, 11/4/16)
2016        Oct 31, The Lebanese parliament elected former army commander Michel Aoun as president, ending a 29-month presidential vacuum as part of a political deal that is expected to make Sunni Muslim leader Saad al-Hariri prime minister.
    (Reuters, 10/31/16)
2016        Oct 31, In Morocco about 220 African migrants forced their way through a barbed wire fence into Spain's North African enclave of Ceuta, clashing with Spanish police who tried to prevent them from crossing the border.
    (Reuters, 10/31/16)
2016        Oct 31, Pakistani police launched a nation-wide crackdown overnight, arresting at least 1,500 supporters of cricketer-turned-politician Imran Khan ahead of an opposition rally planned later this week in Islamabad.
    (AP, 10/31/16)
2016        Oct 31, Pakistan's Supreme Court stayed the execution of a mentally ill prisoner whose hanging was to take place later this week. Imdad Ali (50), convicted of murdering a religious scholar in 2001, was diagnosed with schizophrenia in 2008.
    (AP, 10/31/16)
2016        Oct 31, South African prosecutors dropped fraud charges against Finance Minister Pravin Gordhan and two former tax officials, reversing a decision that was criticized by many South Africans and deepened concern about the country's struggling economy and alleged government mismanagement.
    (AP, 10/31/16)
2016        Oct 31, In South Korea Choi Soon-sil, the woman at the center of a scandal roiling South Korea, met prosecutors examining whether she used her close ties to President Park Geun-hye to pull government strings from the shadows and amass an illicit fortune. Using a common expression of deep repentance she said: "I committed a sin that deserves death."
    (AP, 10/31/16)
2016        Oct 31, In Spain PM Mariano Rajoy took his oath as leader of the new conservative government — an administration that is in a minority in parliament and could have difficulty passing laws.
    (AP, 10/31/16)
2016        Oct 31, Syria's army said the Nusra Front and what the army called other terrorist groups had killed 84 people, mostly women and children, in Aleppo during the past three days, in a bombardment that included chemical weapons and rocket fire.
    (Reuters, 10/31/16)
2016        Oct 31, Turkish police detained the chief editor and at least 12 senior staff of Turkey's opposition Cumhuriyet newspaper, in a widening crackdown on dissenting voices.
    (AP, 10/31/16)
2016        Oct 31, Venezuela’s government and opposition leaders agreed to continue a Vatican-backed dialogue following initial talks meant to ease an escalating political standoff taking place against the backdrop of a worsening economic crisis.
    (Reuters, 10/31/16)

2016        Oct, Qualcomm bought chip designer NXP Semiconductors for $47 billion.
    (Econ, 1/28/17, p.56)
2016        Oct, In Cameroon English speaking lawyers took to the streets demanding English translations of the country’s key legal texts and better treatment by the authorities. English speakers numbered less than a fifth of the population.
    (Econ, 3/11/17, p.48)
2016        Oct, In China the head of Crown's VIP International team, Jason O'Connor, was among three Australian and 15 Chinese employees detained for suspected gambling crimes. Jenny Chiang (33), a Shanghai-based Chinese citizen, was released on Nov 11.
    (AP, 11/12/16)   
2016        Oct, French journalists Gerard Davet and Fabrice Lhomme authored "Un président ne devrait pas dire ça..." (A president should not say that), based on 61 interviews with President Francois Hollande over four years.
    (Econ, 11/5/16, p.44)
2016        Oct, In Iran molestation victims of Koran singer Saeed Tousi spoke out on Voice of America. The judiciary ruled out a public trial. Tousi remained at liberty.
    (Econ, 11/19/16, p.40)
2016        Oct, In Morocco Mouhcine Fikri (31) was crushed in a rubbish truck as he protested against the seizure of swordfish caught out of season. His death sparked fury and triggered nationwide protests.
    (AFP, 6/5/17)
2016        Oct, New Zealand’s chief conservation officer suggested that it might be time to charge tourists for using the country’s wilderness trails. New Zealand’s national parks made up a third of its territory.
    (Econ, 1/7/17, p.30)
2016        Oct, In the Philippines Jee Ick-joo, a South Korean businessman, disappeared from his home in Angeles City. It was later reported that police from a special anti-drug unit abducted him under the guise of a raid on illegal drugs and that a policeman then strangled him inside Camp Crame. His body was burned and flushed down a lavatory. The kidnappers demanded a ransom from the victim's wife and she initially paid five million pesos ($100,000), thinking he was still alive. On Jan 24, 2017, the Philippine government apologized to South Korea and pledged to ensure that justice is served and not delayed.
    (AFP, 1/22/17)(AP, 1/24/17)(Econ, 2/4/17, p.33)
2016        Oct, Russian blogger Ruslan Sokolovsky was detained for posting a video on his blog showing him playing “Pokemon Go" on his phone in a church on the supposed site of where the last Russian czar and his family were killed in Yekaterinburg. On May 11, 2017, he was convicted of inciting religious hatred and given a suspended sentence.
    (SFC, 5/11/17, p.A2)
2016        Oct, Saudi Arabia tapped markets for the first time raising $175 billion in the largest-ever emerging market bond issue.
    (Econ, 10/22/16, p.61)
2016        Oct, In Spain 37 businessmen and former politicians went on trial on charges of fixing the government procurement system to steer construction contracts to their buddies. Businessman Frances Correa was the prime suspect.
    (Econ, 11/19/16, p.45)
2016        Oct, In Sweden five teenagers from Afghanistan reportedly dragged another Afghan boy into a forest, threatened him with a knife and raped him. On Dec 6 Swedish authorities charged the five teenagers with aggravated rape.
    (AP, 12/6/16)
2016        Oct, The World Health Organization (WHO) urged all countries to impose a tax on sugary drinks.
    (Econ, 12/17/16, p.78)

2016        Nov 1, In Iowa police Officer Lucas Jones shot Jerime Mitchell (37), an unarmed black motorist. The shooting left Mitchell paralyzed. On Dec 5 a grand jury decided not to indict Jones.
    (SFC, 12/9/16, p.A6)
2016        Nov 1, Britain's Treasury Chief Philip Hammond promised that the UK will strike back against cyberattacks amid fears that state-sponsored hackers jeopardize society. The Kremlin dismissed as untrue allegations by the head of Britain's MI5 intelligence agency that Russia is mounting cyber-attacks and other aggressive measures which pose a growing threat to Britain.
    (AP, 11/1/16)(Reuters, 11/1/16)
2016        Nov 1, Yum China Holdings Inc., the owner of KFC and Taco Bell, completed the spinoff of its China division. It began trading as YUMC on the New York Stock Exchange as a separate company.
    (AP, 11/1/16)
2016        Nov 1, Chinese President Xi Jinping met with Taiwan's opposition leader, underscoring Beijing's message to the island's independence-leaning administration that it won't have access to the mainland's highest levels of power if it doesn't accept that Taiwan is part of China.
    (AP, 11/1/16)
2016        Nov 1, China and Malaysia said their navies will cooperate more in the politically sensitive South China Sea in an agreement signed today during a visit by Malaysia's PM Najib Razak, who is seeking stronger ties with Beijing as he tries to offset a financial scandal at home.
    (AP, 11/1/16)
2016        Nov 1, China's J-20 stealth fighter made its public debut at an air show in Zhuhai, in the latest sign of the growing sophistication of the country's military technology.
    (AP, 11/1/16)   
2016        Nov 1, Ethiopia's PM Hailemariam Desalegn reshuffled his cabinet to create a more ethnically diverse team after an unprecedented wave of protests.
    (AFP, 11/1/16)
2016        Nov 1, Indian officials said 7 civilians were killed in Kashmir and nine others wounded by Pakistani shelling. Two women were also reported killed in the Rajouri sector in cross-border firing.
    (AP, 11/1/16)
2016        Nov 1, Elite Iraqi forces recaptured Gogjali village and a television station on the edge of Mosul. Iraqi army forces managed to push into the Judaidat Al-Mufti area of Mosul. Some 4,000 to 7,000 jihadists were believed to be in and around Mosul. Islamic State militants transported 1,600 abducted civilians from the town of Hammam al-Alil to Tal Afar, possibly for use as human shields against air strikes.
    (AFP, 11/1/16)(Reuters, 11/4/16)

2016        Nov 2, In the SF Bay Area Karla Ramirez (21) was stabbed to death and burned at Arroyo Viejo Park in East Oakland. Her body was found the next day and police soon arrested Laura Rodgers (23) and Curtys Taylor (23).
    (SFC, 11/9/16, p.A26)
2016        Nov 2, In Iowa two police officers were killed in ambush-style attacks early today 20 minutes apart in Des Moines. Police soon apprehended Scott Michael Greene (46), a white male, in the shooting death. The incident marked the first time a Des Moines officer has been shot in the line of duty since two police were gunned down in 1977.
    (AFP, 11/2/16)
2016        Nov 2, It was reported that Belgium's immigration minister is refusing to grant humanitarian visas to a family in the besieged Syrian city of Aleppo despite being fined 4,000 euros ($4,438) a day for defying an appeal tribunal.
    (AP, 11/2/16)
2016        Nov 2, Cambodian officials promised to investigate problems in the sand mining business following complaints from fishermen that dredgers have been stealing the shore beneath their boats on an industrial scale.
    (Reuters, 11/4/16)
2016        Nov 2, Iceland's President Gudni Johannesson asked Bjarni Benediktsson, the leader of the center-right Independence Party, to form a new government after the party emerged on top in the Oct 29 general election.
    (Reuters, 11/2/16)
2016        Nov 2, In Indonesia an overcrowded speedboat carrying workers home from Malaysia capsized off the island of Batam. At least 54 people were killed and 41 survived. After three days 6 people were still missing.
    (AP, 11/2/16)(AP, 11/4/16)
2016        Nov 2, In Iraq a spokesman for a leading Shiite militia said its fighters have gained control of a highway linking the Islamic State group-held city of Mosul to the Syrian city of Raqqa, the de facto capital of the militants' self-proclaimed caliphate. An Iraqi officer said troops have killed eight Islamic State group militants while carrying out house-to-house clearances in the newly-recaptured Mosul neighborhood of Gogjali. 180 former Iraqi government employees died as Islamic State retreated from Kokjali town.
    (AP, 11/2/16)(Reuters, 11/4/16)
2016        Nov 2, In Israel protesters demanding equal prayer rights for women at one of Judaism's holiest sites scuffled with ultra-Orthodox Jews as they sought to approach Jerusalem's Western Wall.
    (AFP, 11/2/16)
2016        Nov 2, Japanese PM Shinzo Abe held talks with Myanmar leader Aung San Suu Kyi in Tokyo and pledged 40 billion yen ($390 million) in aid to back her government's peace process with ethnic minorities, amid growing international concern about reported army attacks on a Muslim group.
    (AP, 11/2/16)
2016        Nov 2, In Russia the Moscow office of rights group Amnesty International was sealed off by municipal officials without warning and staff could not get inside.
    (Reuters, 11/2/16)
2016        Nov 2, Moscow declared a 10-hour humanitarian truce in the war-ravaged city of Aleppo. Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said Russia seeks "honest cooperation" for a political solution in Syria -- "the sooner the better". Russia said it would extend the moratorium to Nov 4.
    (AFP, 11/2/16)(SFC, 11/3/16, p.A2)
2016        Nov 2, South Africa's anti-corruption watchdog released its report into accusations against President Jacob Zuma and called for prosecutors to investigate alleged criminal activity. South African police fired stun grenades and water cannon to disperse protesters who marched towards President Jacob Zuma's offices in the capital Pretoria demanding that he quit over what they called poor leadership.
    (AFP, 11/2/16)(Reuters, 11/2/16)
2016        Nov 2, In Spain Jose Luis Pazos, president of the CEAPA, said parents had launched a strike against their offspring's school load for the whole month of November due to "the absolute certainty that homework is detrimental" to children, damaging their extra-curricular development.
    (AFP, 11/2/16)

2016        Nov 3, The White House said it will establish 48 national electric-vehicle (EV) charging networks on nearly 25,000 miles of highways in 35 US states.
    (Reuters, 11/3/16)
2016        Nov 3, The US Navy said US Marines are using Super Cobra attack helicopters to mount close-range airstrikes against Islamic State militants in the Libyan city of Sirte.
    (AFP, 11/3/16)
2016        Nov 3, In Louisiana two police officers fired 18 shots into a car killing Jeremy Mardis (6), an autistic boy, as the boy’s father Christopher Few has his hands raised following a 2-mile chase in Marksville. On March 24, 2017, Officer Derrick Stafford (33) was convicted of manslaughter. Officer Norris Greenhouse Jr. faced a separate trial.
    (SSFC, 3/26/17, p.A10)
2016        Nov 3, In South Carolina Kala Brown (30) was found inside a 30x15 foot container in Woodruff with chains around her neck and ankles. Todd Christopher Kohlhepp (45) a registered sex offender, was arrested. Police the next day found a body on the land nearby. The woman’s boyfriend, Charles Carver (32), had also been missing after the couple disappeared on August 31. Kohlhepp soon confessed to at least 7 murders. On Nov 5 warrants were issued charging Kohlhepp with a quadruple murder that dated back to November 2003. On Nov 9 two more bodies, buried on the property for almost a year, were identified as Meagan (25) and Johnny Coxie (29).
    (SFC, 11/5/16, p.A9)(AFP, 11/6/16)(SFC, 11/10/16, p.A7)(SFC, 2/16/17, p.A8)
2016        Nov 3, In Afghanistan US airstrikes early today killed 33 Afghan civilians, including women and children in Buz Kandahari, Kunduz province, after a Taliban assault left two American and four Afghan soldiers dead. Two Taliban figures were also killed.
    (http://tinyurl.com/zrktmkv)(AFP, 11/3/16)(AP, 11/5/16)(SFC, 1/13/17, p.A2)
2016        Nov 3, The High Court in London ruled that parliament must approve the start of Britain's withdrawal from the European Union.
    (AFP, 11/3/16)
2016        Nov 3, China successfully launched its new Long March 5 rocket from the Wenchang launch center. It will be used to launch components for the Tiangong 2 space station, due to come into full service in 2022.
    (SFC, 11/5/16, p.A2)
2016        Nov 3, Egypt devalued its currency by 48 percent and said the pound would be allowed to float. The measures met a key demand by the IMF in exchange for a $12 billion loan over three years to overhaul the ailing economy.
    (SFC, 11/4/16, p.A2)
2016        Nov 3, Greek retirees staged an anti-government rally in Athens to protest a new round of cuts under the country's international bailout program.
    (AP, 11/3/16)
2016        Nov 3, Islamic State leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi told his followers there could be no retreat in a "total war" against the forces arrayed against them, as advancing soldiers battled the militants inside their northern Iraqi stronghold.
    (Reuters, 11/3/16)
2016        Nov 3, Israeli troops shot dead a Palestinian who tried to stab a soldier near Ofra in the occupied West Bank.
    (Reuters, 11/3/16)
2016        Nov 3, Avi Dichter, the former head of Israel's domestic intelligence agency, said Iran now commands a force of around 25,000 Shi'ite Muslim militants in Syria, mostly made up of recruits from Afghanistan and Pakistan.
    (Reuters, 11/3/16)
2016        Nov 3, The Kyrgyzstan Social Democratic party formed a new governing coalition, comprising lawmakers who a day earlier voted for constitutional reforms that opponents say are aimed at extending President Almazbek Atambayev's rule.
    (Reuters, 11/3/16)
2016        Nov 3, Lebanon's Pres. Michel Aoun asked Sunni leader Saad al-Hariri to form a new government, after he won the support of a majority of MPs including the influential parliament speaker who said he would cooperate with efforts to set up the new cabinet.
    (Reuters, 11/3/16)
2016        Nov 3, In Myanmar six attackers on three motorcycles shot at 11 policemen, killing one police corporal and wounding another.
    (AP, 1/2/17)
2016        Nov 3, Pakistan named eight Indian diplomats it accuses of espionage and terrorism, as tension mounted between the nuclear-armed rivals following days of artillery duels and skirmishes on the border dividing the disputed Kashmir region.
    (Reuters, 11/3/16)
2016        Nov 3, The Russian Parliament adopted an anti-doping bill that includes prison terms for coaches found guilty of coercing young athletes into using performance-enhancing drugs.
    (AP, 11/3/16)   
2016        Nov 3, Moscow declared a 10-hour humanitarian truce in the war-ravaged city of Aleppo. Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said Russia seeks "honest cooperation" for a political solution in Syria -- "the sooner the better". Russia said it would extend the moratorium to Nov 4.
    (AFP, 11/2/16)(SFC, 11/3/16, p.A2)
2016        Nov 3, Syrian rebel factions fought each other in besieged eastern Aleppo, potentially undermining their efforts to fend off a major Russian-backed offensive. Syrian TV said civilian deaths from rebel attacks on western Aleppo has risen to 12.
    (Reuters, 11/3/16)(AP, 11/3/16)
2016        Nov 3, In Turkey hundreds of academics, students and union members staged a protest against a government purge of thousands of educational staff since the attempted military coup in July.
    (Reuters, 11/3/16)
2016        Nov 3, In Yemen thousands of people in Aden and other locations protested against a new UN plan to end the devastating conflict between rebels and the Saudi-backed government, saying it would legitimize the insurgents' power grab.
    (AFP, 11/3/16)

2016        Nov 4, In Louisiana former police Sgt. Gerard Dugue admitted that he helped cover up two fatal police shootings on Danziger Bridge after Hurricane Katrina hit New Orleans on Aug 29, 2005.
    (SFC, 11/5/16, p.A9)
2016        Nov 4, New York City police Sgt. Paul Tuozollo was shot and killed in an exchange of gunfire with Manuel Rosales (35), who was also killed. Rosales opened fire on police officers who had stopped his car following a chase after a woman called 911 saying Rosales had broken into her home violating an order of protection.
    (SFC, 11/5/16, p.A6)
2016        Nov 4, The Paris Agreement, a new global deal to tackle climate change, became international law. The agreement, crafted last December, seeks to limit the rise in average world temperatures to "well below" 2 degrees Celsius (3.6 Fahrenheit) above pre-industrial times, and ideally under 1.5 degrees, by weaning the world off fossil fuels.
    (Reuters, 11/4/16)
2016        Nov 4, Some of the world's biggest oil companies, including Saudi Aramco and Royal Dutch Shell, pledged to invest $1 billion to develop climate-friendly technologies as a global deal to wean the world off oil came into force.
    (Reuters, 11/4/16)
2016        Nov 4, Chilean police used tear gas and water cannon to break up a protest against the country's privatized pension system, which opponents say is leaving many retirees in poverty.
    (AFP, 11/4/16)
2016        Nov 4, China's Dalian Wanda Group said it has added another entertainment trophy to its stable of overseas acquisitions, paying $1 billion for Dick Clark Productions, the TV company that produces the Golden Globes and the "Miss America" pageant.
    (AP, 11/4/16)
2016        Nov 4, French police removed thousands of migrants from a squalid camp in northeast Paris that had doubled in size after the closure last week of the "Jungle" camp in Calais.
    (Reuters, 11/4/16)
2016        Nov 4, Indonesian police fired tear gas and water cannon to disperse hardline Muslims protesters, after tens of thousands had rallied to demand the resignation of Jakarta Governor Basuki Tjahja Purnama, who they said had insulted the Koran. At least one person was killed. Some Muslim groups have accused Purnama of blasphemy after he said his opponents had deceived voters by attacking him using a verse from the Koran.
    (Reuters, 11/4/16)(AP, 11/4/16)
2016        Nov 4, In Iraq bulldozers and tanks backed by air strikes pushed into the streets of Mosul from the east for the first time since Iraqi forces launched a broad offensive to retake the city on October 17. Jihadist fighters unleashed a deluge of bombs and gunfire on forces punching into the streets of Mosul, forcing some units into a partial pullback. At least seven suicide attackers in explosives-laden vehicles attacked troops, five of whom were killed before nearing their targets.
    (AFP, 11/4/16)(AP, 11/5/16)
2016        Nov 4, In northern Iraq two roadside bombs struck a convoy carrying families fleeing the Islamic State-controlled town of  Hawija late today, killing 18 people.
    (Reuters, 11/5/16)
2016        Nov 4, In Jordan three US military trainers were shot dead when the car they failed to stop at the gate of a military base and was fired on by Jordanian security forces at the Prince Faisal air base. One Jordanian soldier later faced murder charges.
    (Reuters, 11/4/16)(SFC, 11/5/16, p.A5)(SFC, 6/7/17, p.A2)
2016        Nov 4, In northern Mali a French soldier was killed in an attack after a mine exploded as his armored vehicle passed by during a supply mission. The Mali-based Ansar Dine extremist group claimed responsibility for the attack.
    (AP, 11/5/16)
2016        Nov 4, In Pakistan five supporters of the Sunni Ahle Sunnat Wal Jamaat (ASWJ), which advocates for Shi'ites to be legally declared non-Muslim and has a violent offshoot that targets Shi'ite mosques, were killed in drive-by attacks in Karachi.
    (Reuters, 11/7/16)
2016        Nov 4, In Pakistan a court in Peshawar ordered that Sharbat Gulla, the National Geographic's famed green-eyed 'Afghan Girl', be deported once her detention expires.
    (AP, 11/4/16)
2016        Nov 4, South Korean President Park Geun-hye took sole blame for a "heartbreaking" scandal amid rising suspicion that she allowed a mysterious confidante to manipulate power from the shadows. Park also vowed to accept a direct investigation into her actions.
    (AP, 11/4/16)
2016        Nov 4, In Syria two Russian soldiers and a Syrian journalist were injured in Aleppo when mortar rounds struck one of the exit corridors designated for the evacuation of rebels and residents from the eastern besieged part of the city during a temporary halt in fighting announced by Russia.
    (AP, 11/4/16)
2016        Nov 4, Tunisia's PM Youssef Chahed sacked Salem Abd El Jalil, the minister of religious affairs. A day earlier local media quoted Jalil as saying in parliament: "I told the Saudi ambassador in Tunisia that terrorism and extremism historically came from you ... You should reform your (religious) school."
    (Reuters, 11/4/16)
2016        Nov 4, In Turkey a car bomb attack in Diyarbakir killed at least nine people. The attack came just hours after authorities detained at least 12 pro-Kurdish lawmakers for questioning in terror related probes. PM Binali Yildirim said the bombing was carried out by the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK). Two more people soon succumbed to their wounds. A news outlet linked to the Islamic State said its fighters staged the bombing that killed 11 people.
    (AP, 11/4/16)(AFP, 11/5/16)
2016        Nov 4, Uganda's High Court ordered the closure of a chain of low-cost private schools backed by Microsoft and Facebook founders Bill Gates and Mark Zuckerberg. A judge ruled that the 63 Bridge International Academies provided unsanitary learning conditions, used unqualified teachers and were not properly licensed.
    (AFP, 11/4/16)
2016        Nov 4, UN experts said the Afghan government and several other countries estimated that there are about 45,000 opposition fighters in Afghanistan and that between 20 percent and 25 percent are foreigners.
    (AP, 11/4/16)

2016        Nov 5, In New Jersey two children and a woman were fatally stabbed at a home in Newark. Three others were injured.
    (SSFC, 11/6/16, p.A10)
2016        Nov 5, In eastern Afghanistan a bomb targeting a district leader killed his driver and wounded the official and another person. A similar attack on a police vehicle in the capital, Kabul, wounded four people. Unknown gunmen kidnapped a female Pakistani-born Australian employee of a non-governmental organization late today in Kabul.
    (AP, 11/5/16)(AP, 11/6/16)
2016        Nov 5, In Albania thousands gathered in prayer at the Shen Shtjefni cathedral in Shkoder to celebrate the beatification of 38 Albanian Catholic martyrs executed or tortured to death during the former communist regime (1945-1974).
    (AP, 11/5/16)
2016        Nov 5, Leading members of China's parliament said two Hong Kong lawmakers-elect who called for the city's independence from China had damaged the territory's rule of law and posed a grave threat to China's sovereignty and security.
    (Reuters, 11/5/16)
2016        Nov 5, Police in Congo's capital Kinshasa fired tear gas to disperse opposition supporters seeking to defy a ban on public protests and rally against plans by President Joseph Kabila to stay in power beyond the end of his mandate this year.
    (Reuters, 11/5/16)
2016        Nov 5, French police in Ascain arrested Mikel Irastorza, the leader of the debilitated Basque militant group ETA. Spanish police said Irastorza, who had been in hiding since 2008, became ETA's leading member a year ago.
    (AP, 11/5/16)
2016        Nov 5, The German media group Funke said the government plans to carry out security investigations of all military recruits beginning in July 2017 after its military counter-espionage service (MAD) identified 20 Islamists in the Bundeswehr.
    (Reuters, 11/5/16)
2016        Nov 5, In Iraq four separate bombings hit neighborhoods across Baghdad, killing at least 10 people and wounding 37. Iraqi special forces cleared buildings in neighborhoods they entered in eastern Mosul a day earlier, after pushing out Islamic State militants in their drive to take back the city. Some 1 million civilians remained in the city.
    (AP, 11/5/16)
2016        Nov 5, In Indian-controlled Kashmir at least 30 people were injured after government forces fired shotgun pellets and tear gas as a funeral procession for a teenager turned into a protest against Indian rule.
    (AP, 11/5/16)
2016        Nov 5, Two Indonesians were kidnapped from fishing vessels in waters off Malaysia's Sabah state in two separate incidents.
    (Reuters, 11/6/16)
2016        Nov 5, In Kosovo medical student Astrit Dehari (26) died in jail in the southeastern city of Prizren, where he had been detained since August along with five fellow members of the opposition Self-Determination (Vetevendosje) party. Prosecutors later said the activist had killed himself.
    (http://tinyurl.com/zlcru2d)(AP, 11/19/16)
2016        Nov 5, In Malaysia several hundred pro-government demonstrators dressed in red shirts protested outside the office of the popular news portal, Malaysiakini, calling for it to be shut down after reports that it received funds from an organization linked to business tycoon George Soros.
    (Reuters, 11/5/16)
2016        Nov 5, In Myanmar video captured police officers shown beating villagers in the area of Maungdaw township. The video was circulated on the internet and forced a rare official acknowledgment of abuses taking place in the western state of Rakhine.
    (AP, 1/2/17)
2016        Nov 5, In northern Nigeria one of some 270 schoolgirls abducted by jihadist group Boko Haram from their school in Chibok in 2014 was found by soldiers screening escapees from Boko Haram's base in the Sambisa forest. Maryam Ali Maiyanga was discovered to be carrying a 10-month-old son, named Ali.
    (AP, 11/5/16)
2016        Nov 5, Pakistani officials said heavy smog loaded with pollutants has covered several urban and rural areas in Punjab province, prompting breathing problems, and causing more than 20 deaths in traffic accidents caused by poor visibility on highways.
    (AP, 11/5/16)
2016        Nov 5, In the Philippines Rolando Espinosa, mayor of Albuera town in central Leyte province and on President Rodrigo Duterte's list of top drugs suspects, was killed during a shootout at a prison. On Dec 6 The National Bureau of Investigation said the shooting to death of Mayor Rolando Espinosa Sr. and another inmate, Raul Yap, was a "rubout." It said the policemen most likely put pistols and illegal drugs in their cells to justify a police raid.
    (Reuters, 11/5/16)(AP, 12/6/16)
2016        Nov 5, In South Korea tens of thousands protested in central Seoul in one the largest demonstrations in the country's capital for years, calling on embattled President Park Geun-hye to resign over a growing influence-peddling scandal.
    (Reuters, 11/5/16)   
2016        Nov 5, In South Sudan an angry football fan fired on others watching a match in a bar in Juba. By Nov 7 the death toll numbered least 13 people after some of the injured died of their wounds.
    (AP, 11/7/16)
2016        Nov 5, Tunisian TV reported that a soldier has been killed in his home near central Mount Mghilla, an area where jihadist fighters operate.
    (AFP, 11/6/16)
2016        Nov 5, Turkey's military said it hit 71 Islamic State targets in Syria over the last 24 hours, intensifying strikes against the militant group.
    (Reuters, 11/5/16)
2016        Nov 5, In Turkey an Istanbul court ordered the imprisonment of nine staff from the opposition Cumhuriyet newspaper. Authorities detained nine officials from the country's main pro-Kurdish opposition party. Police used water cannon and tear gas against crowds of protesters in Istanbul, in an attempt to block them from marching to the office of an opposition newspaper whose staff had been arrested.
    (AFP, 11/4/16)(Reuters, 11/5/16)
2016        Nov 5, In southeastern Turkish two children were killed when a bomb planted by the outlawed Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) exploded in the province of Sirnak.
    (Reuters, 11/5/16)

2016        Nov 6, Algeria's army seized a cache of weapons, including 17 anti-aircraft missiles in the southern desert province of Adrar.
    (Reuters, 11/6/16)
2016        Nov 6, In central Oklahoma a 5.0 magnitude earthquake struck near Cushing. The state recorded 19 earthquakes in the past week. Scientists have linked the sharp increase to the underground disposal of wastewater from oil and gas production.
    (SFC, 11/7/16, p.A5)
2016        Nov 6, Bangladesh police said 53 people have been arrested on suspicion of involvement in attacks and looting from Hindu homes. Hindu homes and temples in the Brahmanbairs district have come under attack during the last week, after a local youth allegedly shared a Facebook post that Islamic hardliners said denigrated the Masjid al-Haram — a holy site for Muslims.
    (Reuters, 11/6/16)
2016        Nov 6, British PM Theresa May said she would deliver a full exit from the European Union, hitting back at critics of her Brexit strategy who have threatened to try to block the process in parliament.
    (Reuters, 11/6/16)
2016        Nov 6, Tesco Bank, the financial arm of Britain’s biggest retailer, detected suspicious transactions over the last 24 hours on 40,000 current (checking) accounts. Raiders succeeded in stealing from 9,000 accounts. On Nov 8, Tesco Bank said it had reimbursed all losses to the tune of £2.5m ($3.1m).
    (Econ, 11/12/16, p.68)
2016        Nov 6, Bulgarians voted in a first round of a presidential election. Left-leaning air force General Rumen Radev (53), seen as sympathetic to Moscow, won the first round, dealing a blow to PM Boyko Borisov (57). Radev took 25.45 percent of the vote, followed by ruling center-right GERB party candidate Tsetska Tsacheva with 21.97 percent. A run-off will take place on Nov. 13.
    (AFP, 11/6/16)(Reuters, 11/8/16)
2016        Nov 6, Hong Kong police fired pepper spray and protesters threw bottles and road cones in clashes near China's representative office where activists had gathered to demonstrate against Beijing's attempts to stop a fledgling independence movement.
    (Reuters, 11/6/16)
2016        Nov 6, The Indian army said Pakistani shelling killed two of its soldiers at posts along the border of Indian-administered Kashmir. Five others including three civilians were injured.
    (Reuters, 11/6/16)
2016        Nov 6, In India the Delhi state government said that schools in the capital will be closed for the next three days, as the city struggles with one of the worst spells of air pollution in recent years.
    (AFP, 11/6/16)
2016        Nov 6, In Iraq Islamic State fighters targeted troops with car bombs and ambushes in Mosul, stalling an army advance, but faced attack on a new front as US-backed Kurdish-Arab forces launched a campaign for the Syrian city of Raqqa.
    (Reuters, 11/6/16)(AFP, 11/6/16)
2016        Nov 6, In Iraq ten Iranian pilgrims were killed in a suicide attack in Samarra.
    (Reuters, 11/6/16)
2016        Nov 6, Montenegro’s chief special prosecutor said Russian nationalists were behind the alleged Oct 16 coup attempt that included plans to assassinate the pro-Western prime minister because of his government's bid to join NATO.
    (AP, 11/6/16)
2016        Nov 6, Nicaragua held elections to select their president and lawmakers in their National Assembly. Pres. Ortega ran with his wife, Rosario Murillo, as his vice presidential candidate in a race against five lesser-known candidates. Ortega overwhelmingly won re-election to a third consecutive term. The opposition called the voting a farce.
    (AFP, 11/6/16)(AP, 11/7/16)
2016        Nov 6, In Russia a gas explosion hit a two-story apartment building before dawn in Ivanovo, 250 km (150 miles) northeast of Moscow. Six people were killed and four seriously injured.
    (AP, 11/6/16)
2016        Nov 6, In Somalia a week-old ceasefire between the forces of the semi-autonomous regions of Galmudug and Puntland broke down as fighting over a disputed border area erupted again, killing at least 19 soldiers.
    (Reuters, 11/6/16)
2016        Nov 6, South Korean prosecutors arrested two former aides of Pres. Park Geun-hye. Ahn Jongbeom was arrested for pressuring companies into making large donations to non-profit organizations controlled by Choi Sonsil and Jung Ho-sung for passing classified documents to Choi Soonsil, whose relationship with the president has sparked a political scandal.
    (SFC, 11/7/16, p.A3)
2016        Nov 6, In Syria at least six children were killed in government shelling that hit a kindergarten in the rebel-held town of Harasta outside Damascus.
    (AFP, 11/6/16)
2016        Nov 6, The Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), a Kurdish-Arab militia, announced an offensive to eject the Islamic State from Raqqa.
    (Econ, 11/12/16, p.47)
2016        Nov 6, Turkey's main pro-Kurdish party said it was pulling out of parliament after nine of its MPs including the two co-leaders were arrested in an unprecedented crackdown. The state-run Anadolu Agency said police have detained 15 suspects in an operation involving raids across the southeastern province of Adana targeting the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) militant group.
    (AFP, 11/6/16)(Reuters, 11/6/16)
2016        Nov 6, In Yemen the Mwatana Organization for Human Rights said that violations by the warring parties in Taiz have killed or wounded hundreds of civilians.
    (AP, 11/6/16)

2016        Nov 7, Janet Reno (b.1938), the first woman to serve as US attorney general (1993-2001), died at her home in in Miami from complications of Parkinson’s disease.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Janet_Reno)(SFC, 11/8/16, p.A9)
2016        Nov 7, In NYC a woman from Queens (46) was killed after being pushed in front of a subway train in times Square. A female suspect (30) was taken into custody.
    (SFC, 11/8/16, p.A6)
2016        Nov 7, A group of investors representing more than 5 trillion euros ($5.53 trillion) in assets under management have called on oil and gas companies to observe an unlimited moratorium on activity in the Arctic high seas.
    (Reuters, 11/7/16)
2016        Nov 7, Leonard Cohen (b.1934), Canadian singer, poet and novelist, died in Los Angeles. His song "Suzanne" (1966) became a hit for Judy Collins, and was for many years his most covered song.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leonard_Cohen)(Econ, 11/19/16, p.80)
2016        Nov 7, Australia’s Senate blocked a plebiscite on same-sex marriage.
    (SFC, 11/8/16, p.A4)
2016        Nov 7, A Cambodian court sentenced opposition Senator Hong Song Hour to seven years in prison for criticizing a 36-year-old border agreement with Vietnam.
    (SFC, 11/8/16, p.A2)
2016        Nov 7, China's top legislature took the rare step of intervening directly in a local Hong Kong political dispute by effectively barring two legally elected separatist lawmakers from taking office, setting the stage for further turmoil in the semiautonomous city.
    (AP, 11/7/16)
2016        No 7, China adopted a new cyber-security law affecting both domestic and foreign firms operating on the Chinese mainland effective June 2018.
    (Econ, 11/12/16, p.42)
2016        Nov 7, Egypt said that Saudi Arabia has halted fuel shipments indefinitely, in a sign of lingering tensions following a dispute over the conflict in Syria.
    (AP, 11/7/16)
2016        Nov 7, Germany pledged a 61-million-euro ($67.44 million) hike in funding for UN relief operations in Africa so that fewer of its people undertake perilous odysseys to Europe, which has struggled to absorb an influx of migrants since last year.
    (Reuters, 11/7/16)
2016        Nov 7, Authorities in Haiti said flooding has killed at least 10 people in three northern provinces following heavy rain over the last 48 hours.
    (AP, 11/7/16)
2016        Nov 7, Iraqi forces retook the key town of Hamam al-Alil, from the Islamic State group, a crucial objective on the southern front of the offensive to wrest back Mosul. Iraqi security forces announced the discovery of a mass grave in the Hamam al-Alil area. The first officials at the site said the grave likely holds about 100 bodies, many of them decapitated.
    (AFP, 11/7/16)(AP, 11/8/16)
2016        Nov 7, Kazakh businessman Tokhtar Tuleshov, best known for running the Shymkentpivo brewery, was sentenced to 21 years in prison on charges including plotting a coup against veteran President Nursultan Nazarbayev.
    (Reuters, 11/7/16)
2016        Nov 7, Montenegrin lawmakers convened for the first time since last month's election, with opposition parties boycotting the inaugural session. The session in Cetinje was attended by 42 lawmakers of the 81-seat parliament.
    (AP, 11/7/16)
2016        Nov 7, The Moroccan Agency for Solar Energy (Masen) issued Morocco's first green bond to help to finance the country's development of solar power. Morocco aimed to obtain 52 percent of its electricity from renewable energy sources by 2030.
    (Reuters, 11/7/16)
2016        Nov 7, In Nigeria armed bandits killed 36 gold miners at the informal mining site at Gidan Ardo in northwest Zamfara state. 20 miners were reported missing.
    (AP, 11/8/16)
2016        Nov 7, Pakistani police arrested dozens of people in a crackdown on more than 90 seminaries in Karachi, following a series of sectarian shootings in the city.
    (Reuters, 11/7/16)
2016        Nov 7, Pakistani officials said Indian troops have opened fire across the Line of Control in the disputed Himalayan region of Kashmir, killing three civilians and wounding six others as Indian and Pakistani troops continue to trade heavy fire.
    (AP, 11/7/16)
2016        Nov 7, Romania's parliament approved double-digit public sector wage increases. The next day PM Dacian Ciolos said his government would challenge the increases because they are against the law.
    (Reuters, 11/8/16)
2016        Nov 7, In Syria Kurdish-led Syrian fighters clashed with Islamic State militants north of the city of Raqqa as they pushed ahead in their offensive aiming to retake the city that has been the de facto capital of the extremist group since 2014.
    (AP, 11/7/16)
2016        Nov 7, Tanzania signed a memorandum of understanding with Switzerland to help the East African country recover money illegally kept in Swiss banks by Tanzanian nationals.
    (AP, 11/7/16)
2016        Nov 7, UN talks to implement the Paris climate pact opened in Marrakesh. Diplomats from 196 nations met in Morocco to flesh out the planet-saving plan inked in the French capital last December.
    (AFP, 11/7/16)
2016        Nov 7, In Ukraine Mikhail Saakashvili, the former Georgian president who became governor of the Odessa region, announced that he is resigning in frustration at what he characterized as obstruction in efforts to root out corruption.
    (AP, 11/7/16)
2016        Nov 7, The Vatican denounced the decision of a priest in China's underground Catholic Church to be ordained bishop without the pope's approval.
    (AP, 11/7/16)
2016        Nov 7, The World Health Organization said Yemen's 20-month war has killed more than 7,000 people and wounded nearly 37,000.
    (AFP, 11/7/16)

2016        Nov 8, Democrat Hillary Clinton held a narrow lead in opinion polls over Republican Donald Trump as millions of Americans turned out to vote for the next president after one of the most negative campaigns in US history. Republican Donald Trump (70) stunned the world by defeating heavily favored rival Hillary Clinton. Republicans also kept control of Congress.
    (Reuters, 11/8/16)(Reuters, 11/9/16)
2016        Nov 8, In the US presidential election Michigan, Pennsylvania and Wisconsin all swung for Donald Trump with margins of one percent or less. Wisconsin’s voter ID law impacted an unknown number of eligible voters as Trump defeated Clinton by roughly 22,000 votes.
    (Econ, 11/19/16, p.25)(SFC, 5/9/17, p.A4)
2016        Nov 8, Rolling Stone, its publisher, and reporter Sabrina Rubin Erdely were ordered to pay $3 million to University of Virginia administrator Nicole Eramo for her portrayal in the debunked cover story "A Rape on Campus" from 2014.
    (CSM, 11/8/16)
2016        Nov 8, California, residents backed a referendum that bans large-capacity ammunition magazines and requires some people to undergo background checks in order to buy ammunition.
    (Reuters, 11/9/16)
2016        Nov 8, California, Nebraska and Oklahoma voted to reinstate or otherwise support the death penalty. Nebraska Gov. Pete Ricketts had poured some $400,000 of his family’s money to finance the death penalty referendum.
    (SFC, 11/10/16, p.A7)(AFP, 11/12/16)(Econ, 11/19/16, p.24)
2016        Nov 8, Voters rendered a split decision on gun control measures in the election, approving universal background checks for private firearms sales in Nevada while narrowly rejecting them in Maine.
    (Reuters, 11/9/16)
2016        Nov 8, Former Nevada Attorney General Catherine Cortez Masto defeated Rep. Joseph J. Heck (R) in a narrow fight, becoming the first woman of Hispanic descent to take a place in the Senate.
    (CSM, 11/9/16)
2016        Nov 8, Washington state voters easily approved a measure giving judges the power to keep dangerous individuals, such as accused domestic abusers, from possessing guns.
    (Reuters, 11/9/16)
2016        Nov 8, Authorities identified a Belgian named Oussama Atar as the possible organizer of deadly Islamic State attacks on Paris and Brussels over the past year. The whereabouts of Abu Ahmed, a pseudonym of the suspected attack coordinator, was unknown.
    (AP, 11/8/16)
2016        Nov 8, In Bosnia several newly-elected mayors boycotted the swearing-in of convicted war criminal Fikret Abdic (76) as new mayor of Velika Kladusa. Abdic was released in 2012 after serving his 15-year sentence in Croatia.
    (AP, 11/8/16)
2016        Nov 8, A Cambodian court found Sam Rainsy, the country's exiled opposition leader, guilty of defamation for alleging that a senior government official sought to inflate PM Hun Sen's online popularity by buying "likes" for his Facebook page.
    (AP, 11/8/16)
2016        Nov 8, In Congo DRC two of the most popular radio stations in the country were jammed for the fourth day in a row, drawing criticism of the government from the United States and opposition groups.
    (Reuters, 11/8/16)
2016        Nov 8, In eastern Congo DRC a grenade detonated where a group of Indian peacekeepers were exercising morning on the outskirts of Goma, killing at least two people and sparking an angry demonstration that was dispersed by tear gas.
    (AP, 11/8/16)
2016        Nov 8, Dubai agreed a deal with California-based startup Hyperloop One to "evaluate" the construction of a near-supersonic transport link that could slash travel times to Emirati capital Abu Dhabi to minutes.
    (AFP, 11/8/16)
2016        Nov 8, Estonian PM Taavi Roivas refused to step down a day after his three-party coalition collapsed and faced a confidence vote in parliament that he is unlikely to survive.
    (AFP, 11/8/16)
2016        Nov 8, European Union finance ministers agreed on new targeted sanctions against Crimean officials, adding to restrictive measures adopted after Russia's annexation of Crimea in 2014.
    (Reuters, 11/8/16)
2016        Nov 8, In Hong Kong more than 1,000 lawyers dressed in black marched through the heart of the city in silence to condemn a move by China that effectively bars two elected pro-independence lawmakers from taking their seats in the legislature.
    (Reuters, 11/8/16)
2016        Nov 8, Indian PM Narendra Modi announced that 500 and 1000 rupee banknotes would be withdrawn from the financial system at midnight, saying it was part of a crackdown on rampant corruption. He added that new 500 and 2,000 rupee denomination notes will be issued later. The discontinued tender represented 86% of all currency in circulation in India.
    (Reuters, 11/8/16)(Econ, 11/12/16, p.68)
2016        Nov 8, Indian officials worked to restore the websites of seven Indian embassies in Europe and Africa that were hacked and had data dumped online. The security of the websites of Indian embassies in Italy, Switzerland, South Africa, Libya, Malawi, Mali and Romania was breached by hackers who identified themselves to the media as Kaputsky and Kasimierz L.
    (AP, 11/8/16)
2016        Nov 8, Indian and Pakistani troops once again traded fire across the Line of Control in the disputed Himalayan region of Kashmir, killing three civilians and wounding four others on the Pakistani side, and killing one Indian soldier.
    (AP, 11/8/16)
2016        Nov 8, In India authorities in New Delhi began revoking licenses for thousands of older diesel vehicles and halted construction work on the underground rail network, as air pollution remained several times over the safety limit.
    (Reuters, 11/8/16)
2016        Nov 8, Iraqi Kurdish forces seized the town of Bashiqa near Mosul from the Islamic State group. About five percent of the town remained under jihadist control. US-backed militia forces advanced on the jihadists' Syrian stronghold Raqa.
    (AFP, 11/8/16)
2016        Nov 8, Irish teachers went on strike in a dispute that could close most secondary schools indefinitely, the latest industrial unrest testing the minority government and pressuring the country's still fragile finances.
    (Reuters, 11/8/16)
2016        Nov 8, The Irish Examiner reported that seal levels around Ireland have risen by almost 3 inches since the early 1990s and cited this as the most evident impact of climate change.
    (SSFC, 11/13/16, p.A6)
2016        Nov 8, In Niger heavily armed gunmen killed five soldiers and injured four others in an attack on the western town of Banibangou near the border with Mali. Two assailants were killed and 26 others in possession of weapons and ammunition were arrested.
    (AP, 11/8/16)
2016        Nov 8, In Nigeria a blast rocked a pipeline operated by the state-run oil firm NNPC that feeds the Forcados terminal in the southern Niger Delta energy hub. The explosion occurred while the pipeline was being repaired following an attack last week.
    (Reuters, 11/8/16)
2016        Nov 8, The Philippines' Supreme Court ruled that the late dictator Ferdinand Marcos can be buried at a heroes' cemetery, a decision that opponents said rolled back the democratic triumph of the "people power" revolt that ousted the strongman three decades ago.
    (AP, 11/8/16)
2016        Nov 8, South Korean President Park Geun-hye, to defuse a massive scandal, conceded to lawmakers the power to name her new prime minister, a move that could seriously hurt, or even destroy, her ability to govern.
    (AP, 11/8/16)
2016        Nov 8, The Syrian army said it had taken a strategic district of Aleppo in what would mark the most important advance in the divided city by Damascus and its allies in weeks. At least seven children and two pregnant women were killed in an air strike on the town of Khan Sheikun in the rebel stronghold province of Idlib.
    (Reuters, 11/8/16)(AFP, 11/8/16)
2016        Nov 8, In southern Yemen troops loyal to President Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi's government killed at least 30 suspected al Qaeda militants in a raid backed by a Saudi-led military coalition. Four soldiers were also killed in the operation at a farm west of Mukalla.
    (Reuters, 11/9/16)

2016        Nov 9, From New York to Los Angeles thousands of people in around 10 cities rallied late today against president-elect Donald Trump. Protesters burned a giant orange-haired head of Trump in effigy, lit fires in the streets and blocked traffic as rage over the billionaire's election victory spilled onto the streets of Oakland, Ca., Chicago, Boston, Philadelphia, Portland and Washington DC.
    (AFP, 11/10/16)
2016        Nov 9, The New Jersey Local Finance Board voted to take over the governmental functions of Atlantic City, half a billion dollars in debt, after the state government rejected a proposed five-year financial turnaround plan.
    (SFC, 11/10/16, p.A7)
2016        Nov 9, The US dollar, Mexican peso and world stocks fell as Donald Trump swept to victory in the US presidential election, but fears of a Brexit-style shock that wiped trillions off global markets has failed to materialize so far. Trump's election triggered fears that his view that global warming is a hoax might lead other nations to scale back ambitions under a landmark climate change deal.
    (Reuters, 11/9/16)
2016        Nov 9, Afghanistan's President Ashraf Ghani welcomed home Sharbat Gulla, National Geographic's famed green-eyed "Afghan Girl," just hours after she was deported from Pakistan, the latest in the odyssey of the globally recognized refugee.
    (AP, 11/9/16)
2016        Nov 9, Australia's prime minister beat other world leaders to an early call with President-elect Donald Trump by getting his cellphone number from Greg Norman, the golfing great. PM Malcolm Turnbull said he had a warm and "very frank" 15-minute discussion with Trump within hours of the Republican nominee claiming victory in the presidential election.
    (AP, 11/17/16)
2016        Nov 9, Belgium froze the assets of 15 people allegedly linked to terrorism, including Oussama Atar, a Belgian man identified as being a possible organizer of the deadly attacks on Paris and Brussels.
    (AP, 11/10/16)
2016        Nov 9, In England 7 people were killed, more than 50 others were injured after a tram overturned in south London.
    (Reuters, 11/9/16)(AP, 11/10/16)
2016        Nov 9, Estonian PM Taavi Roivas lost a parliamentary vote of no confidence vote after his junior coalition partners deserted him, possibly opening up the path for a traditionally pro-Russian party to gain power.
    (Reuters, 11/9/16)
2016        Nov 9, In India the Maharashtra State Child Rights Protection Commission launched the Child Helpline for Information on Rights and Address Grievances (Chirag), a mobile app for people to report child abuse.
    (Reuters, 11/10/16)
2016        Nov 9, In Iraq and Syria US-backed forces pressed offensives on the Islamic State group's strongholds. An air strike by the American-led coalition reportedly killed 20 civilians in the village of Heisha near the Syrian city of Raqa (Raqqa).
    (AFP, 11/9/16)(AP, 11/9/16)
2016        Nov 9, In Iraq residents of Mosul said Islamic State militants fighting to hold on to the city have displayed the crucified bodies of five people they said gave information to "the enemy", and were back on the city streets policing the length of men's beards. Islamic State militants posted a video showing four children, who appeared to be 10-14 years old, shooting four civilians accused of disloyalty in Mosul near the Tigris River.
    (Reuters, 11/9/16)(SFC, 11/12/16, p.A2)
2016        Nov 9, The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) said Iran has exceeded a soft limit on sensitive material set under its nuclear deal with major powers. A diplomat said Iran plans to ship sensitive material out of the country within days to bring it back under a soft limit set under its nuclear deal with major powers.
    (Reuters, 11/9/16)
2016        Nov 9, Lithuania's Peasants and Greens Union said it had agreed a deal with the Social Democrats to form a coalition that will focus on reducing inequality in a country where more than a fifth of the population lives below or close to the bread-line.
    (Reuters, 11/9/16)
2016        Nov 9, The first batch of Kenyan troops who had served in a UN peacekeeping mission in South Sudan arrived home, after Nairobi ordered them to withdraw in response to the sacking of the Kenyan commander of the UNMISS force.
    (Reuters, 11/9/16)
2016        Nov 9, The Israeli military said it has struck a Syrian army artillery position after a rocket from Syria hit the Israeli-controlled part of the Golan Heights.
    (AP, 11/9/16)
2016        Nov 9, Nigerian militants said they have again blown up an oil pipeline carrying crude oil for export from Shell’s Forcados terminal. This was the third attack in eight days on the Trans Forcados pipeline network.
    (SFC, 11/10/16, p.A2)
2016        Nov 9, President Vladimir Putin said Russia is ready to do its part to fully restore ties with Washington following the election of businessman Donald Trump as the next US President.
    (Reuters, 11/9/16)

2016        Nov 10, US Pres.-elect Donald Trump met with Pres. Barack Obama to discuss the presidency. Obama warned Pres.-elect Donald Trump against hiring Michael Flynn as his national security adviser.
    (Econ, 11/19/16, p.21)(SFC, 5/9/17, p.A12)

2016        Nov 11, Pres.-elect Donald Trump replaced Chris Christie, the governor of New Jersey, with vice-president-elect Mike Pence.
    (Econ, 11/19/16, p.21)
2016        Nov 11, In Oakland, Ca., Dana Rivers (61) of San Jose fatally stabbed and shot Charlotte Reed (57) and Patricia Wright (56) and their son Toto Diambu (19). She then set the garage of the home on fire in a bid to hide evidence.
    (SFC, 11/16/16, p.D2)
2016        Nov 11, Alibaba, a Chinese e-commerce giant, posted nearly $18 billion in sales for the day, breaking last year’s record for Singles’ Day shopping.
    (Econ, 11/19/16, p.65)
2016        Nov 11, In Indonesia Qienabh Tappii (28) won the country’s Miss Transgender pageant and was crowned Miss Waria Indonesia. Waria is the Indonesian word for transgender. Journalists were notified just a few hours in advance to prevent any attempt by Islamic hardliners to shut down the event.
    (SFC, 11/15/16, p.A2)
2016        Nov 11, Singapore convicted a banker who had handled some of Malaysia’s 1MDB money of forgery and failing to report suspicious transactions. He was sentenced to 18 weeks in jail.
    (Econ, 11/19/16, p.33)

2016        Nov 12, In the SF Bay Area William Sims was robbed, beaten and shot to death outside the Capri Club pool hall in El Sobrante. Suspect Daniel Porter-Kelly (31) was soon arrested and charged with murder, robbery and committing a hate crime. Suspect Ray Simmons (32) was arrested on Dec 10. Suspect Daniel Ortega (31) was arrested on Dec 16.
    (SFC, 12/2/16, p.D1)(SFC, 12/13/16, p.C1)(SSFC, 12/18/16, p.C11)
2016        Nov 12, In NYC Connor McGregor (b.1988) of Ireland won a mixed martial arts contest defeating Eddie Alvarez in the second round by a technical knockout. McGregor thus became holder of title belts in two different weight classes.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conor_McGregor)(Econ, 2/11/17, SR p.10)
2016        Nov 12, Colombia’s government and FARC leaders came up with a revised agreement for the rebels to disarm.
    (Econ, 11/19/16, p.30)
2016        Nov 12, In Pakistan the Islamic State dispatched a suicide bomber to the Shah Noorani shrine in Balochistan province where people had come to watch Sufi mystics dance. More than 50 people were killed.
    (Econ, 11/19/16, p.34)

2016        Nov 13, President-elect Donald Trump chose Reince Priebus, the chairman of the Republican National Committee, as his chief of staff and Stephen Bannon, a right-wing media mogul, as chief strategist and councilor.
    (SFC, 11/14/16, p.A6)
2016        Nov 13, In central California David Machado (36) shot sheriff’s Deputy Dennis Wallace (53) twice in the head outside the city of Hughson. Hours later Machado was arrested when he tried to steal a woman’s purse in Lindsay.
    (SFC, 11/14/16, p.A12)
2016        Nov 13, Leon Russell (b.1942), rock ‘n’ roll producer, songwriter and performer, died in Nashville, Tenn.
    (SFC, 11/14/16, p.A7)
2016        Nov 13, Bulgaria held elections. PM Boiko Borisov quit following the victory of Rumen Radev, who favored improved ties with Russia and had the backing of the opposition Socialists.
    (Reuters, 11/16/16)
2016        Nov 13, In Colombia two fighters of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) died in a clash with the army. Rebels later cast doubt on whether fighting had taken place.
    (AFP, 11/19/16)
2016        Nov 13, Moldova held presidential elections. Igor Dodon, a pro-Russian politician, won 52.2% of the vote, while Maia Sandu won 47.8%.
    (SFC, 11/15/16, p.A2)
2016        Nov 13, In northern Syria at least 11 children were among 23 people killed as pro-government forces kept up their campaign against opposition areas.
    (SFC, 11/14/16, p.A2)

2016        Nov 14, Gwen Ifill (b.1955), PBS journalist, died of cancer. She and Judy Woodruff were named co-anchors of the PBS “NewsHour" in 2013.
    (SFC, 11/15/16, p.A9)
2016        Nov 14, In central California David Machado (36) shot sheriff’s Deputy Dennis Wallace (53) twice in the head outside the city of Hughson. Hours later Machado was arrested when he tried to steal a woman’s purse in Lindsay.
    (SFC, 11/14/16, p.A12)
2016        Nov 14, The Int’l. Criminal Court's chief prosecutor said in a report that US forces in Afghanistan may have committed the war crime of torture when interrogating detainees, opening the possibility of Americans being prosecuted even though their country is not a member of the court. The report added that CIA operatives may have subjected at least 27 detainees in Afghanistan, Poland, Romania and Lithuania to "torture, cruel treatment, outrages upon personal dignity and/or rape" between December 2002 and March 2008.
    (AP, 11/15/16)
2016        Nov 13, In Egypt Magdy Maken (53), a fish cart vendor, was arrested late today after an altercation with a policeman. After beating him in the street the Coptic Christian was taken to a police station in Cairo's middle-class neighborhood of el-Ameriyah. Hours later, his lifeless body was brought to a nearby hospital with "torture marks." In December ten policemen were charged with torturing Magdy Makain.
    (AP, 11/18/16)(Reuters, 12/18/16)
2016        Nov 14, In Iraq suicide bombers targeted Fallujah and Karbala killing at least 6 people in each city.
    (SFC, 11/15/16, p.A3)
2016        Nov 14, In southern Libya senior al-Qaida leader Abu Talha al-Hassnawi was reportedly killed in a late-night drone strike that hit his home in Sabha. He was previously said to have been a leading member of al-Qaida's affiliate in Syria.
    (AP, 11/15/16)
2016        Nov 14, Some 135 people were drowned or lost when a dinghy sank off the coast of Libya.
    (AFP, 11/16/16)
2016        Nov 14, Malaysian opposition lawmaker Rafizi Ramli was sentenced to 18 months in jail for releasing one page of a classified document on the 1MDB controversial state investment fund.
    (SFC, 11/15/16, p.A2)
2016        Nov 14, Pakistan’s military said Indian troops fired on its soldiers in Kashmir killing seven and prompting return fire.
    (SFC, 11/15/16, p.A2)
2016        Nov 14, South Korea-based Samsung said it would pay $8 billion for Harman, a firm in Stamford, Conn., that makes internet connected audio, information and security systems for cars. The deal was the largest for Samsung to date.
    (Econ, 11/19/16, p.57)
2016        Nov 14, In northern Syria Turkish warplanes struck Islamic State positions near al-Bab as Syrian-backed opposition fighters inched closer to the town. Air strikes and shelling killed at least three people.
    (SFC, 11/15/16, p.A3)

2016        Nov 15, US Secretary of State John Kerry said that Yemen's Houthi group and the Saudi-led coalition fighting it had agreed to a ceasefire from Nov 17. The internationally recognized Yemeni government quickly rejected the move.
    (Reuters, 11/15/16)
2016        Nov 15, The rebuilt cast-iron dome of the US Capitol, a soaring symbol of national unity since the 19th century, was formally completed after a $60 million overhaul that included repairing rust-choked gutters and more than 1,300 cracks.
    (Reuters, 11/15/16)
2016        Nov 15, The companies behind the Dakota Access Pipeline asked a US court to intervene in the fight over its completion as demonstrators fanned out across North America to protest the controversial project.
    (Reuters, 11/15/16)
2016        Nov 15, In Belgium some 8,500 off-duty military personnel marched in the streets of Brussels over a rise in the pension age, at times clashing with police.
    (AFP, 11/15/16)
2016        Nov 15, Thousands of British prison officers in England and Wales walked out in protest at rising levels of violence in jails, prompting the government to seek a court injunction to force them back to work.
    (Reuters, 11/15/16)
2016        Nov 15, Canada's attorney general announced a move to repeal Section 159 of the Criminal Code used to effectively prosecute gay youths who engage in anal sex, calling it "discriminatory."
    (AFP, 11/15/16)
2016        Nov 15, Canada’s Chief of Defense Gen. Jonathan Vance said Canadian troops are allowed to fire first in Iraq.
    (http://www.macleans.ca/news/canada/liberals-canadians-shoot-first-raq/)
2016        Nov 15, China executed Jia Jinglong (30), a protester against forced expropriation in Hebei province. In 2013 his home was destroyed under official expropriation 18 days before his wedding. In Feb, 2015, he shot a local party chief in the back of the head at a New Year party.
    (Econ, 11/26/16, p.86)
2016        Nov 15, In Congo DRC reporter Marcel Lubala was shot three times early today at his home in the central town of Mbuji-Mayi. The group Journalist in Danger said  his body was dragged in front of his wife, who had been tied up.
    (AP, 11/16/16)
2016        Nov 15, Thousands of people along the Dominican Republic's north coast were evacuated amid heavy rains that have caused widespread flooding and destroyed dozens of homes.
    (AP, 11/15/16)
2016        Nov 15, An Egyptian court struck down the death sentence passed by a lower tribunal against former Islamist President Mohammed Morsi for his part in a mass prison break during the country's 2011 uprising.
    (AP, 11/15/16)
2016        Nov 15, Egypt's parliament approved a bill to regulate non-governmental organizations in a move human rights groups say effectively bans their work.
    (Reuters, 11/15/16)
2016        Nov 15, The European Union agreed to increase its military research budget for the first time since 2010 after Britain softened its opposition, a breakthrough that may signal British support for defense co-operation even once outside the bloc.
    (Reuters, 11/15/16)
2016        Nov 15, Sources said Volkswagen AG has reached an agreement with US regulators for a mix of buybacks and fixes for 80,000 polluting Audi, Porsche and VW 3.0-liter vehicles.
    (AP, 11/15/16)
2016        Nov 15, In Ghana Nana Afia Kobi Serwaa Ampem II (b.1907), revered queen of the powerful Ashanti kingdom, died. King Otumfuo Osei Tutu II is the deceased queen's biological son.
    (http://tinyurl.com/jq22mxx)(AP, 11/25/16)
2016        Nov 15, Greek riot police used tear gas and stun grenades in Athens to disperse about 3,000 left-wing marchers protesting President Barack Obama's visit. Greek left-wingers still resent US support for Greece's 1967-74 military dictatorship. Obama offered solidarity with Greece over its debt and migrant crises on Tuesday during his final trip to Europe as US president before handing over power to Donald Trump.
    (AP, 11/15/16)(Reuters, 11/15/16)
2016        Nov 15, Hungarian police said anti-terror squads have detained 12 people in eight localities suspected of involvement with the extremist Hungarian National Front.
    (AP, 11/15/16)
2016        Nov 15, Iran's official IRNA news agency said the nation's intelligence service has confiscated about 2 tons of explosives linked to planned attacks by the Islamic State group in the country's west.
    (AP, 11/15/16)
2016        Nov 15, Israel appointed an ambassador to Turkey, its first since both countries recalled their envoys five years ago amid a spat over a deadly Israeli raid on a Turkish vessel trying to reach the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 11/15/16)
2016        Nov 15, In Italy more than 1,000 people marched under torchlight through the Medieval center of Soave where the mayor is fending off plans to house more than 100 migrants.
    (AP, 11/16/16)
2016        Nov 15, Swimmers crossed the Dead Sea from Jordan to Israel to raise awareness of what they said was an environmental disaster that has shrunk the inland lake's surface by a third in 30 years. They were the first people to thrash their way over the body of water so salty that it poisons anyone who drinks it.
    (Reuters, 11/15/16)
2016        Nov 15, Kenya destroyed some 5,250 illegal firearms by fire as part of efforts to fight crimes like cattle rustling, carjackings and to eliminate threats from terrorism.
    (Reuters, 11/15/16)
2016        Nov 15, Amnesty International said Kenya is coercing residents of the world's largest refugee camp to leave it and return to Somalia where they risk getting killed or forcibly recruited into the Islamic extremist group, al-Shabab.
    (AP, 11/15/16)
2016        Nov 15, In Libya an air strike targeting Islamist militants killed at least seven people near the southwestern city of Sabha. Gunmen later seized the remains of the suspected militants from a morgue.
    (Reuters, 11/15/16)
2016        Nov 15, In southern Libya tribal clashes erupted after three young men turned a pet monkey loose on a high school girl. The girl's family sought revenge and killed all three men along with the animal. Over the next days at least 20 people were killed and 50 wounded in the clashes.
    (AP, 11/20/16)(AFP, 11/20/16)
2016        Nov 15, Around 95 people were missing, feared drowned, in the Mediterranean after another migrant dinghy capsized off Libya.
    (AFP, 11/15/16)(AFP, 11/16/16)
2016        Nov 15, Myanmar’s army said sixty-nine members of the government described Rohingya Muslim militant group and 17 members of the security forces have been killed since the October 9 start of fighting in western Rakhine State.
    (Reuters, 11/18/16)
2016        Nov 15, Nepalese authorities said police have detained 41 Tibetans trying to cross the border into India, in a crackdown on people fleeing the disputed region where opposition to Chinese control persists.
    (Reuters, 11/15/16)
2016        Nov 15, Russian President Vladimir Putin dismissed Economy Minister Alexei Ulyukayev over allegations he extorted a $2 million bribe from top oil producer Rosneft, a case that could expose fault lines in the Russian leader's inner circle.
    (Reuters, 11/15/16)   
2016        Nov 15, Russia launched coordinated missile strikes against rebels in Syria and Moscow for the first time used its only aircraft carrier in combat.
    (Reuters, 11/15/16)
2016        Nov 15, South Africa's main opposition party filed a criminal complaint accusing President Jacob Zuma of corruption after a report this month by an anti-graft agency listed allegations of influence-peddling in his government.
    (Reuters, 11/15/16)
2016        Nov 15, In Syria Russia launched new air strikes involving carrier-borne jets and long range missiles in rebel-held districts of eastern Aleppo after a weeks-long pause. Activists said between 4 and 10 people were killed in the strikes on Aleppo.
    (Reuters, 11/15/16)(SFC, 11/16/16, p.A3)
2016        Nov 15, The UN warned that 75,000 Nigerian children risk dying in "a few months" as hunger grips the country's ravaged northeast in the wake of the Boko Haram insurgency. Doctors Without Borders said thousands of children have died of starvation in the Boko Haram ravaged northeast.
    (AFP, 11/15/16)(SFC, 11/16/16, p.A5)
2016        Nov 15, A key UN committee approved a resolution condemning North Korea's "systematic, widespread and gross violations of human rights" and encouraging the Security Council to refer the country to the International Criminal Court.
    (AP, 11/15/16)
2016        Nov 15, Venezuela's high court ordered the opposition to drop plans for a political trial against President Nicolas Maduro, whose rivals blame him for food shortages in the volatile country.
    (AFP, 11/15/16)

2016        Nov 16, Colson Whitehead won the US National Book Award for fiction for his novel “The Underground Railroad." Ibram X. Kendi won the nonfiction award for “Stamped From the Beginning: The Definitive History of Racist Ideas in America. The poetry award went to Daniel Borzutzky for “The Performance of Becoming Human."
    (SFC, 11/17/16, p.A11)
2016        Nov 16, The US Geological Survey said the Wolfcamp Shale geologic formation in the Midland area of West Texas could yield 20 billion barrels of oil.
    (SFC, 11/17/16, p.A8)
2016        Nov 16, Melvin Laird (94), former US defense secretary, died in Florida. Pres. Richard Nixon had appointed Laird as the nation’s 10th defense secretary in 1969.
    (SFC, 11/17/16, p.A10)
2016        Nov 16, Journalist and author Peter Binzen (1922) died in Pennsylvania. His books included “Whitetown, USA" (1970).
    (SFC, 11/24/16, p.D2)
2016        Nov 16, Georgia executed Steven Frederick Spears (54) for the 2001 slaying of his ex-girlfriend, Sherri Holland. This was the state’s 8th execution this year.
    (SFC, 11/17/16, p.A8)
2016        Nov 16, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber on a motorbike killed six people in Kabul in an attack targeting a minibus with security agents working for the government. The Islamic State affiliate in Afghanistan promptly claimed responsibility.
    (AP, 11/16/16)
2016        Nov 16, Albania's Defense Ministry says Manushaqe Shehu (51) has been promoted to the rank of general, becoming the first female general for the nation.
    (AP, 11/16/16)
2016        Nov 16, Brazilian federal police arrested, Anthony Garotinho, a former Rio de Janeiro state governor, for his alleged involvement in a vote-buying scheme. Military police in Rio de Janeiro shot pepper spray at demonstrators protesting austerity measures. Thousands of state employees have not been paid, or have been paid months late.
    (AP, 11/16/16)
2016        Nov 16, The British Foreign Office said Indian Ocean islanders expelled from the British-ruled Chagos archipelago during the Cold War to make way for a U.S. military base will not be given the right to return to resettle.
    (Reuters, 11/16/16)
2016        Nov 16, Greek authorities said four people believed to be migrants have been found dead on a crippled boat in the northern Aegean Sea and another 15 survivors have been rescued.
    (AP, 11/16/16)
2016        Nov 16, Hong Kong’s high court ruled that newly elected pro-democracy lawmakers Yau Wai-ching (25) and Sixtus Leung (30) were unfit to take up their posts in Legco.
    (Econ, 11/19/16, p.36)
2016        Nov 16, Indonesian police named  Basuki "Ahok" Tjahaja Purnama, the Christian governor of Jakarta, as a suspect in a blasphemy investigation in a major test of the Muslim-majority nation's reputation for religious tolerance.
    (AP, 11/16/16)
2016        Nov 16, In Iraq heavy fighting broke out in Mosul's eastern Tahrir neighborhood, where a suicide car bomber from the Islamic State group disabled an Abrams tank belonging to the Iraqi army. Special forces now controlled 70 percent of the Tahrir district, where most residents were sheltering indoors.
    (AP, 11/16/16)
2016        Nov 16, Israel's parliament gave preliminary approval to a disputed bill that would retroactively legalize Jewish ettlement outposts built on privately-owned Palestinian land in the occupied West Bank.
    (Reuters, 11/16/16)
2016        Nov 16, Kenya agreed to suspend the closure of Dabaab refugee camp, the world's largest, for six months after coming under fire over the fate of its 280,000 inhabitants, most of them Somalis.
    (AFP, 11/16/16)
2016        Nov 16, In Libya at least 20 members of the Libyan National Army (LNA) were reported killed and 40 injured in two days of fighting in the eastern city of Benghazi.
    (Reuters, 11/16/16)
2016        Nov 16, Another migrant shipwreck took place off the Libyan coast, raising the number of those missing feared drowned this week to 340.
    (AFP, 11/17/16)
2016        Nov 16, Advocates for Myanmar's Muslim ethnic Rohingya community said that more than 100 members of the minority group have been killed in recent government counterinsurgency sweeps in the western state of Rakhine. Ko Ko Linn of the Arakan Rohingya National Organization said that according to villagers, at least 150 people had been killed in Maungdaw district by security forces since Nov 12.
    (AP, 11/16/16)
2016        Nov 16, In Pakistan Karachi mayor Waseem Akhta, accused of helping militants and instigating political violence, was released from prison after a court granted him bail in the last of 39 cases against him.
    (Reuters, 11/16/16)
2016        Nov 16, Pakistan ordered 400 Turkish nationals to leave the country ahead of a visit by Turkey’s President Recep Tayyip Erdogan.
    (AP, 11/17/16)
2016        Nov 16, Pakistani authorities arrested eight alleged Islamic State militants in Lahore who were taking orders from commanders in Syria.
    (AP, 11/17/16)
2016        Nov 16, Poland's lawmakers voted to lower the retirement age in a reversal of a 2012 reform, despite questions about financing of the new system. The lower house voted 262-149 with 19 abstentions to allow women to retire at the age of 60 and men at 65, as of October 2017. The lower chamber also voted 269-170 for a bill establishing the Territorial Defense Forces that are starting to recruit men and women.
    (AP, 11/16/16)
2016        Nov 16, Russia dealt the International Criminal Court a fresh blow as the court's top officials urged nations to support the tribunal hit by a wave of unprecedented defections. Moscow has never ratified the world's only permanent war crimes court, but in a heavily symbolic move on the opening day of the ICC's annual meeting, it said it was formally withdrawing its signature to the tribunal's founding Rome Statute.
    (AFP, 11/16/16)
2016        Nov 16, Russia overturned a criminal conviction against opposition politician Alexei Navalny following a European court decision, but ruled he must face a fresh trial. He was convicted of embezzlement in 2013 along with a businessman associate in a trial he and his supporters see as politically motivated.
    (AFP, 11/16/16)
2016        Nov 16, Russian security services raided the offices of Rosnano, a state technology company headed by Anatoly Chubais, an economic reformer of the 1990s.
    (Econ, 11/19/16, p.45)
2016        Nov 16, South Sudanese soldiers and rebels clashed in Unity State, killing at least 15 people, as rebels loyal to former vice president Riek Machar tried to steal cattle in the small village of Adaab el Bahr.
    (Reuters, 11/17/16)
2016        Nov 16, The Swedish Academy said music icon Bob Dylan will not attend the Nobel ceremony in December to accept his literature prize because he has other commitments.
    (AFP, 11/16/16)
2016        Nov 16, Syrian government and Russian warplanes pounded rebel-held parts of northern Syria, including battered second city Aleppo, where food aid rations were all-but-exhausted after months of regime siege. At least 54 people were killed in air strikes and artillery shelling across northern Syria. An airstrike in Batbo village, Aleppo province, killed at least 18 people, including six women.
    (AFP, 11/16/16)(AP, 11/16/16)(SFC, 11/17/16, p.A4)
2016        Nov 16, Tunisia said authorities have dismantled a jihadist cell that was planning attacks against a security station and a commercial center in the capital.
    (Reuters, 11/16/16)
2016        Nov 16, In Yemen heavy fighting between government forces and rebels in the north and west left 51 dead over the last 24 hours, as a new peace efforts appeared to stumble.
    (AP, 11/16/16)

2016        Nov 17, President-elect Donald Trump met with Japan’s PM Shinzo Abe in Trump's first meeting with a world leader since his election last week.
    (AP, 11/17/16)
2016        Nov 17, The US Republican-led House acted to bar the sale of commercial aircraft to Iran. The legislation prohibited the Treasury Department from issuing the licenses US banks would need to complete transactions potentially valued in the billions of dollars.
    (SFC, 11/17/16, p.A7)
2016        Nov 17, US Surgeon General Dr. Vivek Murthy released a report titled “Facing Addiction in America." The report noted that 78 people in the US die each day from opioid overdose and that 20 million have a substance abuse disorder.
    (SFC, 11/17/16, p.A7)
2016        Nov 17, Delaware-based DuPont said it will soon stop contributing to active employees' pension plans, a move that will affect the retirement of 13,000 US workers, including 2,800 in Delaware. DuPont closed the pension plan to new employees in 2007.
    (AP, 11/18/16)
2016        Nov 17, In Illinois a gas explosion rocked downtown Canton killing one person and injuring several others.
    (SFC, 11/17/16, p.A7)
2016        Nov 17, It was reported that JPMorgan Chase & Co. has agreed to pay $264.4 million in fines to federal authorities to settle charges that it hired friends and relatives of Chinese officials in order to gain access to banking deals in that country.
    (AP, 11/17/16)
2016        Nov 17, Two former executives were charged in a criminal complaint filed in Manhattan federal court on charges related to the investigation of drugmaker Valeant Pharmaceuticals International Inc's ties to a specialty pharmacy company. The FBI arrested Gary Tanner (39) and Andrew Davenport (48) at their residences in Phoenix and Philadelphia.
    (AP, 11/17/16)
2016        Nov 17, In Afghanistan a Taliban attack in the country's western Farah province killed at least 8 police officers and seized weapons and ammunitions from the convoy.
    (AP, 11/18/16)
2016        Nov 17, Argentina's Congress passed a law to ban greyhound racing in a bid to reduce the risk of animal cruelty in the South American country.
    (AP, 11/17/16)
2016        Nov 17, Argentina extradited suspected Colombian drug boss Henry Lopez Londono (45) to the United States to face cocaine trafficking charges. The leader of the "Urabenos" gang was arrested on the outskirts of Buenos Aires in 2012.
    (AP, 11/17/16)
2016        Nov 17, In Brazil Sergio Cabral, the former governor of Rio de Janeiro state, was arrested as part of a corruption investigation linked to a World Cup project and other works worth billions of dollars, a blow to Brazil's ruling party that may fuel political instability. Several others were also arrested who served in Cabral’s 2007-2014 administration.
    (Reuters, 11/17/16)(SFC, 11/17/16, p.A4)
2016        Nov 17, Britain said it had ratified the Paris Agreement, the global deal to combat climate change. The 21-day period for parliamentary scrutiny in Britain expired with no objections on November 15.
    (Reuters, 11/17/16)
2016        Nov 17, A Cambodian court sentenced opposition Senator Thak Lany in absentia to 18 months in prison for suggesting the authorities were involved in the July killing of a popular political analyst who criticized the government.
    (AP, 11/17/16)
2016        Nov 17, DR Congo's president named opposition lawmaker Samy Badibanga as prime minister under a controversial power-sharing deal that effectively extends President Joseph Kabila's term in office.
    (AFP, 11/17/16)
2016        Nov 17, Egypt pardoned 82 detainees, including many students and a former TV host convicted of "defaming religious symbols."
    (AP, 11/17/16)
2016        Nov 17, European Union states agreed to waive visas for Ukrainians on short visits, but only after the bloc beefs up a mechanism to suspend visa-free agreements in an emergency.
    (Reuters, 11/17/16)
2016        Nov 17, In Germany President Barack Obama and Chancellor Angela Merkel reaffirmed a message of solidarity and trans-Atlantic cooperation between top trading partners and key NATO allies as Donald Trump prepares to take office.
    (AP, 11/17/16)
2016        Nov 17, Thousands of Greeks vented frustration at their economic lot as they marched in Athens to mark the anniversary of the bloody 1973 student uprising that helped topple the then-military junta.
    (Reuters, 11/17/16)
2016        Nov 17, Indonesia refused to take the blame for the disappearance of at least six British and Dutch World War II shipwrecks -- considered war graves -- that investigators believe could have been salvaged for scrap. It is believed the military wrecks -- lost in 1942 during the Battle of the Java Sea -- were removed by illegal scavengers looking for scrap metal, an effort that could have taken years.
    (AFP, 11/17/16)
2016        Nov 17, In Mozambique a tanker truck carrying petrol exploded in Tete province. 43 people were killed on the spot. The death toll soon rose to 80 with 35 in critical condition.
    (AFP, 11/18/16)(SFC, 11/17/16, p.A2)(AFP, 11/21/16)
2016        Nov 17, PeruRail, the company that takes hundreds of thousands of foreign visitors to the ancient Incan ruins of Machu Picchu each year, suspended service indefinitely due to the threat of violent protests.
    (Reuters, 11/17/16)
2016        Nov 17, In Russia economy minister Alexei Ulyukayev was arrested on bribery charges. He was the first serving cabinet minister to be arrested in decades.
    (Reuters, 11/18/16)
2016        Nov 17, Slovenia made access to drinking water a constitutional right in a bid to protect the Alpine nation's water resources from excessive exploitation.
    (AP, 11/18/16)
2016        Nov 17, South Korea's parliament passed a law that would allow a special prosecutor to investigate a corruption scandal threatening the presidency of Park Geun-hye. The opposition-controlled National Assembly also voted for a parliamentary investigation into allegations that Park allowed a secretive confidante to manipulate power from the shadows and amass an illicit fortune.
    (AP, 11/17/16)
2016        Nov 17, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights monitoring group said government air strikes and shelling killed 25 civilians in eastern districts of Aleppo, on the third day of a wide-ranging regime assault on rebel-held areas. At least 13 people were killed and dozens were injured by a car bomb which targeted a building used by a rebel group in the northern town of Azaz near the Turkish border.
    (AFP, 11/17/16)(Reuters, 11/17/16)
2016        Nov 17, Turkish police detained the pro-Kurdish co-mayor of the southeastern city of Van, expanding a crackdown on municipal chiefs throughout the region that has sparked international concern.
    (AFP, 11/17/16)
2016        Nov 17, In Turkey a copper mine collapsed near the town of Sirvan, Siirt province. At least 6 miners were killed and 10 remained missing. Six people were later detained in the investigation of the mine collapse.
    (AP, 11/18/16)(AP, 11/19/16)(AP, 11/20/16)
2016        Nov 17, The United Nations said its budget to assist people suffering from Zimbabwe's worst drought in a quarter of a century that left millions in need of food aid had fallen short by $140 million.
    (Reuters, 11/17/16)
2016        Nov 17, In Yemen clashes raged killing at least 27 people as the Saudi-led coalition said military operations will continue despite US Secretary of State John Kerry announcing a truce.
    (AFP, 11/17/16)
2016        Nov 17, In Zimbabwe opposition activists were abducted and beaten before a demonstration against the cash-strapped government's plans to introduce a new currency. Six people were beaten and two cars were burned in what was seen as a warning against going ahead with the protests.
    (AP, 11/18/16)

2016        Nov 17-2016 Dec 30, Syrian government forces carried out at least eight chemical attacks during the final weeks of the battle for Aleppo, killing nine people.
    (AFP, 2/13/17)

2016        Nov 18, The Obama administration announced a 5-year Arctic offshore drilling plan that blocks the planned sale of new oil and gas drilling rights in the Chukchi and Beaufort seas north of Alaska.
    (SFC, 11/19/16, p.A7)
2016        Nov 18, President-elect Donald Trump tapped arch-conservative Alabama Senator Jeff Sessions (69) to be attorney general and hawkish congressman Mike Pompeo (52), a strident opponent of the Iran nuclear deal, as his CIA director. Trump turned to Lieutenant General Michael Flynn (57) as national security adviser.
    (AFP, 11/18/16)
2016        Nov 18, Donald Trump agreed to a $25 million settlement in a lawsuit in which former customers of his now-defunct Trump University accused him of fraud. The agreement came 10 days before jury selection was scheduled to begin in San Diego.
    (AP, 11/19/16)
2016        Nov 18, Vice President-elect Mike Pence was booed at a performance of the award-winning Broadway musical "Hamilton," whose "alarmed and anxious" cast made an unusual call for Donald Trump's incoming administration to work on behalf of all Americans.
    (AFP, 11/19/16)
2016        Nov 18, In Georgia US Marshall Patrick Carothers (53) died after being shot twice while trying to serve a warrant to Dontrell Montese Carter in rural Long County. Other officers returned fire killing Carter, who was wanted on charges of attempted murder of police officers.
    (SFC, 11/19/16, p.A6)
2016        Nov 18, In Chicago Javon Wilson (15), the grandson of Rep. Danny Davis, D-Ill., was shot and killed following an argument over a pair of basketball shoes. Police soon arrested a boy (16) and a girl (17) after they were identified by witnesses.
    (SFC, 11/21/16, p.A6)
2016        Nov 18, In Massachusetts Lee Manuel Viloria-Paulino (16) went missing in Lawrence. His decapitated body was found on Dec 1 near the Merrimack River. His head was recovered nearby. On Dec 3 fellow classmate Mathew Borges (15) was charged with the killing.
    (http://50crime.com/tag/Lee+Manuel+Viloria-Paulino)(SFC, 12/6/16, p.A6)
2016        Nov 18, Sharon Jones (60), a fiery Grammy-nominated soul and funk singer sometimes called the "female James Brown," died in Cooperstown, NY, after losing a battle to pancreatic cancer.
    (AP, 11/19/16)
2016        Nov 18, In Utah an air ambulance crashed late today in Elko, killing all three crew members and a patient aboard.
    (SSFC, 11/20/16, p.A10)
2016        Nov 18, Facebook announced that it was buying back up to $6 billion of its shares in apparent reaction to a 10% drop in its share price following a warning of slowing growth. Facebook numbered about 1.8 billion monthly users.
    (Econ, 11/26/16, p.61)
2016        Nov 18, In Australia a man (21) injured 26 bystanders when he set himself on fire with gasoline in a bank branch in the Melbourne suburb of Springvale. He was soon identified as a Myanmar asylum seeker, known by his friends as Noor, who had been waiting three years to be accepted as a refugee.
    (AP, 11/19/16)
2016        Nov 18, In Cambodia an Australian woman and two local associates were detained for providing commercial surrogacy services — a practice the country banned last month after becoming a popular global destination for would-be parents seeking women to give birth to their children.
    (AP, 11/21/16)
2016        Nov 18, Two Chinese astronauts returned from a monthlong stay aboard the country's space station, China's sixth and longest crewed mission and a sign of the growing ambitions of its rapidly advancing space program.
    (AP, 11/18/16)
2016        Nov 18, Germany-based Volkswagen announced plans to cut 30,000 jobs in a wide-ranging restructuring of its namesake brand as it tries to recover from a scandal over cars rigged to cheat on diesel emissions tests.
    (AP, 11/18/16)
2016        Nov 18, Iraqi troops advanced cautiously into eastern districts of Mosul as air strikes, automatic fire and artillery were heard from dawn. One soldier was reported killed in the clashes.
    (SFC, 11/19/16, p.A4)
2016        Nov 18, The island nation of Kiribati established a large shark sanctuary that will help ensure the creatures are protected across much of the central Pacific. Palau established the first shark sanctuary in the region in 2009, and has been followed by the Marshall Islands, French Polynesia and other nations.
    (AP, 11/19/16)
2016        Nov 18, In Macedonia a special prosecutor launched criminal proceedings against 10 people, including top officials of the secret police, over their suspected role in a phone-tapping scandal that brought down PM Nikola Gruevski.
    (Reuters, 11/18/16)
2016        Nov 18, Malaysian police raided the office of electoral reform group Bersih and detained two officials on the eve of a street rally by the group seeking PM Najib Razak's resignation over a financial scandal. Police arrested Maria Chin Abdullah, the leader of a coalition of human-rights groups, that organized the event.
    (AP, 11/18/16)(Econ, 11/26/16, p.12)
2016        Nov 18, UN talks to implement the Paris climate pact ended in Marrakesh. Diplomats from 196 nations had met in Morocco to flesh out the planet-saving plan inked in the French capital last December.
    (AFP, 11/7/16)(Econ, 11/26/16, p.55)
2016        Nov 18, In Nigeria five suicide bombers targeted a police checkpoint and a bus station near a transit camp in the northeastern city of Maiduguri, killing four of themselves and two civilian self-defense fighters. The fifth bomber was arrested.
    (AP, 11/19/16)
2016        Nov 18, In Lima, Peru, Asia-Pacific leaders were urged to defend free trade from rising protectionism after the election victory of Donald Trump stoked fears that years of tearing down barriers to global commerce could be reversed.
    (AFP, 11/18/16)
2016        Nov 18, In the Philippines  long-dead former dictator Ferdinand Marcos was buried at the country's Heroes' Cemetery in a secrecy-shrouded ceremony, a move approved by President Rodrigo Duterte that infuriated supporters of the "people power" revolt that ousted Marcos three decades ago.
    (AP, 11/18/16)
2016        Nov 18, Police in Slovenia said they have seized nearly 900 kg (2,000 pounds) of drugs and detained 10 suspects in the biggest bust in the country in years.
    (AP, 11/18/16)
2016        Nov 18, Syrian rebels fought fiercely with pro-government forces as they tried to advance into opposition-held areas of eastern Aleppo. Warplanes kept up their bombardment of the area in a renewed bid by Damascus to retake the entire city. Airstrikes that hit four hospitals in east Aleppo.
    (Reuters, 11/18/16)(AP, 11/19/16)
2016        Nov 18, Thailand's military government announced a $1.5 billion effort to help struggling rice farmers in part by guaranteeing prices well above market rates. Global prices for the grain have plummeted to their lowest in nearly a decade, severely weakening an industry crucial to Thailand's economic well-being.
    (AP, 11/18/16)
2016        Nov 18, In Turkey 76 academics were detained at a university in Istanbul as part of the ongoing investigation into the movement allegedly responsible for an attempted coup. Detention warrants were issued for 103 employees Yildiz Technical University on charges of "membership in an armed terrorist organization."
    (AP, 11/18/16)
2016        Nov 18, A bill in Turkey that would overturn men's convictions for child sex assault if they marry their victim provoked fury with critics accusing the proposals of encouraging rape.
    (AFP, 11/18/16)
2016        Nov 18, The UN Security Council extended for one year an international inquiry to determine blame for chemical weapons attacks in Syria, paving the way for a showdown between Russia and Western powers over how to punish those responsible.
    (Reuters, 11/18/16)
2016        Nov 18, Venezuela freed Rosmit Mantilla (33), a politician accused of fomenting violent protests in 2014, but opposition leaders said it was not enough and demanded President Nicolas Maduro's government release all 100 or so jailed opponents.
    (Reuters, 11/18/16)
2016        Nov 18, Venezuela said it has rejoined an international pact to curtail the smuggling of conflict diamonds, vowing to resume issuing export certificates to guarantee the minerals are not being used to finance war or violent activity.
    (Reuters, 11/18/16)
2016        Nov 18, The World Health Organization (WHO) in Geneva declared an end to its global health emergency over the spread of the Zika virus and said the disease should now be viewed as an ongoing threat like malaria and yellow fever.
    (SFC, 11/19/16, p.A2)
2016        Nov 18, In Yemen 13 rebels and eight pro-government forces were reported killed over the past 24 hours. Rebels reported dozens of casualties in shelling of a local market.
    (AFP, 11/18/16)

2016        Nov 19, The new GOES-R spacecraft was launched from Cape Canaveral. It will track US weather as part of an $11 billion effort to revolutionize weather forecasting.
    (SFC, 11/21/16, p.A6)
2016        Nov 19, Paul Sylbert (88), film production designer, writer and director, died in Philadelphia. He won an Oscar for his work on Warren Beatty’s “Heaven Can Wait" (1978).
    (SFC, 11/25/16, p.D5)
2016        Nov 19, In Albania a former top-secret nuclear bunker reopened as a museum in Tirana to show visitors how Communist-era police persecuted the regime's opponents. It now holds photographs and equipment that illustrate the political persecution of some 100,000 Albanians from 1945 until 1991.
    (AP, 11/19/16)
2016        Nov 19, In Brazil a military helicopter providing support to a police operation in Rio de Janeiro crashed, killing the four officers on board.
    (AP, 11/20/16)
2016        Nov 19, Congo DRC authorities blocked an opposition demonstration in the capital aimed at putting pressure on President Joseph Kabila to step down next month at the end of his mandate.
    (Reuters, 11/19/16)
2016        Nov 19, An Egyptian court sentenced the head of the journalists' union and two members to two years in prison for "harboring fugitives", allowing them to pay bail pending an appeal. Journalists Syndicate president Yahiya Kallash (Yehia Qalash), Gamal Abd el-Rahim and Khaled Elbalshy were charged in May with sheltering two journalists wanted over protests against the transfer of two Red Sea islands to Saudi Arabia. On March 25, 2017, an appeals court suspended their jail sentences.
    (AP, 11/19/16)(AP, 3/25/17)
2016        Nov 19, In northeastern India rebels ambushed two army vehicles and killed at least three soldiers and critically wounded four others in Assam state.
    (AP, 11/19/16)
2016        Nov 19, In Indonesia thousands of people rallied in Jakarta, calling on fellow citizens not to be divided by political and religious interests.
    (AP, 11/19/16)
2016        Nov 19, Another two Indonesian fishermen were abducted by armed men off Malaysia’s eastern Sabah state on Borneo island, the second such case this month and the latest in a spate of sea attacks.
    (AP, 11/20/16)
2016        Nov 19, Iraqi troops faced stiff resistance from Islamic State militants as they pushed deeper into eastern Mosul, backed by aerial support from the US-led international coalition. Three members of the Iraqi security forces were killed when an Islamic State group truck bomb they were trying to defuse exploded west of Baghdad. Islamic State killed seven Sunni tribal fighters who support the Iraqi government and five policemen on in a town south of Mosul.
    (AP, 11/19/16)(AFP, 11/19/16)(Reuters, 11/19/16)
2016        Nov 19, Kenyan police officers killed four suspected extremists in the volatile Mandera County, a border region hard-hit by recent attacks by the Somali extremist group al-Shabab.
    (AP, 11/20/16)
2016        Nov 19, Libyan authorities arrested Asma Kadousi, a wife of the one-eyed militant leader Mokhtar Belmokhtar, once considered the most dangerous man in the Sahara and a veteran al-Qaida-linked figure.
    (AP, 11/22/16)
2016        Nov 19, In Malaysia more than 10,000 yellow-shirt protesters rallied in Kuala Lumpur seeking PM Najib Razak's resignation over a financial scandal, undeterred by a police ban and the arrest of 20 people, mostly activists.
    (AP, 11/19/16)
2016        Nov 19, In central Mali a militia that represents ethnic Peuhls said it would lay down its arms in a boost for government attempts to bring peace to the country.
    (Reuters, 11/19/16)
2016        Nov 19, In Mongolia the Dalai Lama preached to thousands of supporters at the Gandantegchenlin monastery, on a visit set to test the country's ties with China at a time when it is seeking a critical aid package from its powerful neighbor.
    (AP, 11/19/16)
2016        Nov 19, Montenegro officials inaugurated a cemetery for German soldiers killed in the country during WW II, hailing it as an act of reconciliation important for the future. About 2,000 German soldiers are believed to have been killed in Montenegro. About 500 have been unearthed so far and the rest are considered missing.
    (AP, 11/19/16)
2016        Nov 19, Nigerian troops gunned down a suicide bomber at a transit camp for refugees from Boko Haram in the northeastern city of Maiduguri.
    (AP, 11/19/16)
2016        Nov 19, Pakistan's military announced that it has shot down a small Indian drone after it allegedly trespassed into the country's part of Kashmir amid daylong cross-border firing that killed four villagers, including two sisters and their brother.
    (AP, 11/19/16)
2016        Nov 19, In Pakistan four members of the security forces were shot dead by gunmen on a motorcycle in the southwestern city of Quetta. The Islamic State group soon claimed responsibility.
    (AP, 11/20/16)
2016        Nov 19, Members of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) gathered in Lima, Peru.
    (Econ, 11/19/16, p.11)
2016        Nov 19, In Poland tens of thousands of teachers from all over the country protested in Warsaw against education reforms proposed by the right-wing government that critics say could see thousands of jobs slashed.
    (AFP, 11/19/16)
2016        Nov 19, Poland's defense minister officially launched self-defense courses for women, saying that training by military instructors will increase individual and national security.
    (AP, 11/19/16)
2016        Nov 19, A Saudi soldier was killed by a missile fired by Yemeni rebels across the border into the kingdom's southern Asir province.
    (Reuters, 11/19/16)
2016        Nov 19, Somalia's PM Omar Sharmarke said he had secured a ceasefire between two warring regions in the Horn of Africa nation, two weeks after a peace deal collapsed leading to fighting that killed at least 29 people. Sharmarke met Galmudug President Abdikarim Hussein Guled and Puntland President Abdiweli Mohamed Ali over the last week and witnessed a troop pull-back from the area where they clashed.
    (Reuters, 11/19/16)
2016        Nov 19, In South Korea hundreds of thousands of demonstrators took to the streets of Seoul in the fourth straight weekend of protest against embattled Pres. Park Geun-hye.
    (Reuters, 11/19/16)
2016        Nov 19, In northern Syria government bombardment of besieged rebel-held neighborhoods in Aleppo killed at least 27 people, a day after the health directorate said all hospitals in opposition areas have been knocked out of service.
    (AP, 11/19/16)(AFP, 11/19/16)
2016        Nov 19, In Turkey  two homemade pipe bombs were thrown by two children around about 12 or 13 years old during a performance by singer Aleyna Tilki at a cafe in the southeastern city of Diyarbakir. Six people were injured, none seriously.
    (AP, 11/20/16)
2016        Nov 19, At the Vatican Pope Francis created 17 new cardinals from across the globe, elevating them in a time-honored ceremony to an elite body that advises and elects popes.
    (AFP, 11/19/16)
2016        Nov 19, The Vietnamese cargo ship MV Thaison 4 and the Indonesian sailboat KM Mulya Sejati, which was carrying 27 people, collided before dawn off Tuban district. At least three people were left dead and 12 others missing.
    (AP, 11/20/16)
2016        Nov 19, Yemen rebels and loyalist forces battled around Taez even as a 48-hour ceasefire announced by a Saudi-led coalition fighting the insurgents began following US pressure.
    (AFP, 11/19/16)

2016        Nov 20, Ambush-style attacks left a police detective in San Antonio dead and a sergeant in St. Louis critically injured. The suspect in Missouri was killed in a shootout with police. Otis Tyrone McKane, the attacker in Texas, was arrested the next day.
    (SFC, 11/21/16, p.A6)(SFC, 11/22/16, p.A6)
2016        Nov 20, In North Dakota months-long protests over an oil pipeline came to a head in sub-freezing temperatures this evening, as hundreds of protesters tried to push past a police barricade on Backwater Bridge. They were met with what appeared to be tear gas, water cannon spray, and rubber bullets.
    (CSM, 11/21/16)
2016        Nov 20, Acclaimed Irish novelist William Trevor (b.1928) died at his adopted English home. Trevor won the Whitbread Prize three times for “The Children of Dynmouth" (in 1978), “Fools of Fortune (in 1983), and “Felicia’s Journey" (in 1994). He was widely regarded as one of the greatest contemporary writers of short stories in the English language.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Trevor)(SFC, 11/22/16, p.C4)
2016        Nov 20, Egypt’s state news reported that 292 suspects linked to the Islamic State group have been referred to a military tribunal over attacks and an alleged plot to assassinate Pres. Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi.
    (SFC, 11/21/16, p.A2)
2016        Nov 20, Estonia's Pres. Kersti Kaljulaid nominated Juri Ratas, the new leader of a center-left, traditionally pro-Russian party, as prime minister who promised to leave foreign policy unchanged in a region worried about possible Russian aggression. Ratas (38) headed a 3-way coalition consisting of his own Center Party, the left-leaning Social Democrats and the Conservative IRL party.
    (Reuters, 11/20/16)(SFC, 11/24/16, p.A2)
2016        Nov 20, French conservatives voted in a nationwide primary for the first time to choose their nominee for next year's presidential election, after a campaign marked by concerns about immigration and Islamic extremism. The three leading candidates included Nicolas Sarkozy (61) and former prime ministers Francois Fillon (62) and Alain Juppe (72). Francois Fillon won 44 percent of the votes.
    (AP, 11/20/16)(Reuters, 11/21/16)
2016        Nov 20, German Chancellor Angela Merkel (62) told her party she will seek re-election next year, a move likely to be welcomed in many capitals as a sign of stability following poll triumphs for Brexit and Donald Trump.
    (AFP, 11/20/16)
2016        Nov 20, The German news agency dpa reported that some 8,800 geese on two poultry farms will be culled in the northern state of Schleswig-Holstein because some of the animals are infected with the bird flu. Last week 30,000 chickens were destroyed in Schleswig-Holstein after H5N8 was detected in their enclosure.
    (AP, 11/20/16)
2016        Nov 20, Haitians voted in a long-delayed presidential election, hoping a new government will lift the economy after a devastating hurricane and more than a year of political instability. Jovenel Moise won with 55% of the vote in a field of 27 candidates. The turnout was only 21%.
    (Reuters, 11/20/16)(SFC, 12/1/16, p.A3)(Econ, 12/3/16, p.27)
2016        Nov 20, In northern India at least 146 people were killed close to 200 injured when an express train derailed in Uttar Pradesh state. The death toll soon climbed to 148 after two more people died from their injuries.
    (Reuters, 11/21/16)(AP, 11/22/16)
2016        Nov 20, Iraqi troops fortified their positions in Mosul neighborhoods retaken from the Islamic State group as their advance toward the city center was slowed by sniper fire and suicide bombings, as well as concern over the safety of civilians.
    (AP, 11/20/16)
2016        Nov 20, In Iraq millions of Shiite Muslim pilgrims beating their chests in mourning thronged Karbala under the protection of thousands of members of the security forces. The commemoration of Imam Hussein's death in 680 AD culminates on Nov 21.
    (AFP, 11/20/16)
2016        Nov 20, In Israel dozens of LGBT activists protested in Jerusalem against comments reportedly made by the city's chief rabbi disparaging the gay community. Rabbi Shlomo Amar told an Israeli newspaper last week that gay people were an "abomination" and homosexuality a "cult."
    (AP, 11/20/16)
2016        Nov 20, Mali held its first elections since 2013, with turnout low as security jitters remained high despite an international military intervention. Malians burned ballot boxes and one candidate was kidnapped during the local elections. Polls were canceled in at least seven districts for security reasons.
    (AFP, 11/20/16)(Reuters, 11/20/16)
2016        Nov 20, Norwegian police said they were investigating a pedophile network suspected to involve at least 51 people, which includes the abuse of infants and at least one case of a suspect acknowledging abusing his own children.
    (AP, 11/20/16)
2016        Nov 20, In Peru President Barack Obama and Russian President Vladimir Putin spoke to each other start of the opening session of APEC, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation summit in Lima. Obama held separate meetings with the leaders of Australia and Canada as he wrapped up the final foreign trip of his presidency.
    (AP, 11/20/16)
2016        Nov 20, The Syrian government refused a UN proposal to grant the rebel-held eastern districts of Aleppo autonomy in order to restore calm to the war-torn city. Fresh fighting in Aleppo killed at least eight schoolchildren. A barrel bomb killed a family of six in the rebel-held area.
    (AP, 11/20/16)(AFP, 11/20/16)(Reuters, 11/20/16)
2016        Nov 20, Pope Francis brought to a close the Catholic Church's "Year of Mercy," shutting the Holy Door at Saint Peter's after a year in which he raised Mother Teresa to sainthood and took in Syrian Muslim refugees.
    (AFP, 11/20/16)
2016        Nov 20, Yemen's dominant Houthi movement launched Katyusha rockets into Saudi Arabia and residents reported Saudi-led air strikes in a Yemeni border province in exchanges that threatened to derail a 48-hour truce.
    (Reuters, 11/20/16)

2016        Nov 21, Adam Ondra (23), a Czech mountain climber, free-climbed the El Capitan formation in Yosemite Valley in a record eight days using only a rope for safety.
    (CSM, 11/23/16)
2016        Nov 21, In Indiana a house fire killed four young sisters in the town of Flora.
    (SFC, 11/22/16, p.A5)
2016        Nov 21, In Tennessee an elementary school bus crashed in Chattanooga killing 6 children. Driver Johnthony Walker (24) was soon arrested for vehicular homicide, reckless driving and reckless endangerment.
    (SFC, 11/22/16, p.A6)(SFC, 11/23/16, p.A8)
2016        Nov 21, West Virginia prosecutors charged Bruce Lamar Griggs of Ohio (22) with distributing carfentanil, an elephant sedative, and fentanyl, an opioid, in connection with 27 overdoses in Huntington.
    (SFC, 11/22/16, p.A6)
2016        Nov 21, In West Virginia James Means (15), a black teenager, was shot and killed by William Pulliam (62), a white man, after they bumped into each other in Charleston. Pulliam reportedly showed no remorse saying: “that’s another piece of trash off the street".
    (SFC, 11/25/16, p.A6)
2016        Nov 21, In Afghanistan a suicide attack at the Shi'ite Baqir-ul-Olum mosque in Kabul killed more than 30 people and wounded dozens. The Islamic State claimed responsibility.
    (Reuters, 11/21/16)
2016        Nov 21, Albania's Defense Ministry said a warship has left to take part with the NATO "Sea Guardian" maritime force deployed to the Aegean Sea to stop smuggling of migrants from Turkey to Greece, a first mission of the kind for the country.
    (AP, 11/21/16)
2016        Nov 21, Amnesty International said torture and other forms of ill-treatment persist in Bahrain despite reforms introduced by the Gulf Arab kingdom to address alleged human rights abuses after a 2011 uprising.
    (Reuters, 11/21/16)
2016        Nov 21, Bolivia's government declared a state of emergency due to water shortages in large swaths of the country amid the worst drought in 25 years, making funds available to alleviate a crisis that has affected families and the agricultural sector.
    (Reuters, 11/21/16)
2016        Nov 21, Canada announced a plan to phase out the use of coal-fired electricity by 2030.
    (AP, 11/21/16)
2016        Nov 21, Chinese President Xi Jinping began a state visit to Peru by laying a floral wreath at a monument to the South American nation's independence heroes. Peru is home to China's biggest mining investment in Latin America.
    (AP, 11/21/16)
2016        Nov 21, In China about half a dozen listed Chinese companies, mainly in the pharmaceutical sector, said they have temporarily halted production in the northern city of Shijiazhuang as part of a Chinese government anti-pollution drive.
    (Reuters, 11/21/16)
2016        Nov 21, In China well-known legal activist Jiang Tianyong (45) went missing after he traveled to the city of Changsha, Hunan province, to visit relatives of an arrested human rights lawyer, Xie Yang. Tianyong has spoken out about a government crackdown on legal defenders and has been involved in high-profile cases of dissidents who have irked Chinese authorities, including the case of blind activist Chen Guangcheng.
    (Reuters, 11/24/16)
2016        Nov 21, An Egyptian government committee ordered the confiscation of assets of 46 members and supporters of the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood. The confiscated assets included five companies involved in trade, construction, and pharmaceuticals.
    (AP, 11/21/16)
2016        Nov 21, In Egypt hundreds of Nubians blocked a main road for a third day to protest the government's planned takeover of land they say is part of their ancestral homeland.
    (AP, 11/21/16)
2016        Nov 21, In France two Qatari women were targeted on the A1 highway en route to Paris' high-end 16th arrondissement after arriving at the Le Bourget Airport. Two masked thieves stopped their car, sprayed them with tear gas and stole belongings worth as much as 5 million euros ($5.3 million).
    (AP, 11/22/16)
2016        Nov 21, Germany’s port city of Hamburg named a street after Domenica Niehoff (d.2009), the country’s most famous dominatrix. Niehoff gained fame in the 1980s by campaigning for the rights of sex workers. She also worked to help women struggling with drug addiction.
    (AP, 11/21/16)
2016        Nov 21, Japanese peacekeepers, with a broader mandate to use force, landed in South Sudan, the first overseas deployment of the country's troops with those expanded powers in nearly 70 years. The 350 Self-Defense Forces will replace a previous contingent of Japanese peacekeepers who served in the UN Mission in South Sudan, but did not have mandate to use force.
    (AP, 11/21/16)
2016        Nov 21, Kosovo police said they arrested 11 people over the weekend and collected 36 minors countrywide in a crackdown on child beggars. Thirteen of the children were from neighboring Albania.
    (AP, 11/21/16)
2016        Nov 21, In Libya at least three children were killed and 20 people wounded by a car bomb in the city of Benghazi.
    (Reuters, 11/21/16)
2016        Nov 21, In Myanmar four ethnic armed groups attacked security forces in the north of the country, dealing a major blow to leader Aung San Suu Kyi's top goal of reaching peace with ethnic minorities. Human Rights Watch said high-definition satellite images show 820 newly identified structures destroyed this month in five Rohingya Muslim villages in Myanmar's troubled Rakhine state where the military is carrying out counter-insurgency operations.
    (Reuters, 11/21/16)(AP, 11/21/16)
2016        Nov 21, An attack by Nigeria's Boko Haram jihadists against a Lake Chad army base manned by an anti-insurgent regional force left six Cameroonian soldiers dead.
    (AFP, 11/22/16)
2016        Nov 21, Pakistan's military said Indian shelling has targeted several villages in Kashmir, killing four civilians and wounding 10.
    (AP, 11/21/16)
2016        Nov 21, Turkish authorities detained Ahmet Turk (74), a Kurdish politician and mayor in the southeastern province of Mardin. He was reported released on Feb 3  because of deteriorating health.
    (Reuters, 2/3/17)
2016        Nov 21, Pope Francis extended indefinitely to all Roman Catholic priests the power to forgive abortion, a right previously reserved for bishops or special confessors in most parts of the world.
    (Reuters, 11/21/16)
2016        Nov 21, In Yemen a fragile 48-hour ceasefire in Yemen ended after failing to stem violence across the country, with each side blaming the other for violating the US-backed truce.
    (AFP, 11/21/16)

2016        Nov 22, Pres. Obama awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom to 21 actors, musicians, athletes and innovators who have inspired him over the years.
    (SFC, 11/22/16, p.A7)
2016        Nov 22, The US extradited Azra Basic (58), a Croatian woman wanted in Bosnia for war crimes she allegedly committed against Serbs during the 1992-95. She was handed over to authorities at the Sarajevo airport.
    (AP, 11/22/16)
2016        Nov 22, The Dow Jones industrial average crossed 19,000 for the first time as the stock market extended its reach further into record territory. The gains came a day after four major market indexes closed at all-times highs at the same time, something that hadn't happened since 1999.
    (AP, 11/22/16)
2016        Nov 22, More Rohingya Muslims from Myanmar poured into neighboring Bangladesh, with some feared to have drowned after a boat sank during a bid to flee violence that has killed at least 86 people and displaced 30,000.
    (Reuters, 11/23/16)
2016        Nov 22, An Egyptian appeals court quashed one of two life sentences handed down to Mohamed Morsi since his 2013 overthrow, in the Islamist ex-president's second appeals victory in a week.
    (AFP, 11/22/16)
2016        Nov 22, Ethiopian authorities detained about 20 vintage biplanes and their pilots, including Americans, who were participating in a trans-Africa Vintage Air Rally. All were released after two days.
    (AP, 11/24/16)(AP, 11/27/16)
2016        Nov 22, The leaders of the European Parliament's two largest groups called for the EU to halt membership talks with Turkey because of its post-coup purges.
    (Reuters, 11/22/16)
2016        Nov 22, The European Union judicial agency Eurojust said police forces across Europe and the United States arrested 178 people last week as part of a crackdown on money laundering and identified some 23 million euros ($24.46 million) in stolen funds.
    (Reuters, 11/22/16)
2016        Nov 22, In Germany cabin crew at Lufthansa's budget unit Eurowings launched a 15-hour strike, causing dozens of flight cancelations, as the German carrier warned customers to prepare for a larger walk-out by pilots the next day.
    (AP, 11/22/16)
2016        Nov 22, India's central bank relaxed rules on loans to farmers, asking the National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development to disburse up to 230 billion rupees ($3.36 bln) to district cooperative banks for crop loans. The recent demonetization scheme has badly hit farmers, leaving them without cash just ahead of sowing winter crops.
    (Reuters, 11/22/16)
2016        Nov 22, Three Indian soldiers were killed along the highly militarized de facto border that divides the disputed region of Kashmir between India and Pakistan.
    (AP, 11/22/16)
2016        Nov 22, The head of Iran's veterans' affairs office said more than 1,000 combatants sent from Iran to fight in support of President Bashar al-Assad in Syria have been killed in the conflict.
    (AFP, 11/22/16)
2016        Nov 22, In Iraq US forces said they have carried out an air strike on a bridge spanning the Tigris river, restricting militant movements between western and eastern parts of Mosul. The air strike hit the number four bridge in the past 48 hours. A month ago a US air strike destroyed the No. 2 bridge and two weeks later another strike took out the No. 5 bridge. The strike leaves Mosul's oldest British-built bridge as the only one still standing out of five in the center of the city.
    (Reuters, 11/22/16)(AFP, 11/22/16)
2016        Nov 22, Italy's coastguard said that 1,400 people had been saved in 12 separate migrant rescue operations over the last 24 hours with least eight people dead and an unknown number missing.
    (AFP, 11/22/16)
2016        Nov 22, Northeastern Japan was jolted by a magnitude-7.4 earthquake, the strongest since a devastating quake and tsunami five years ago. Only moderate tsunami waves reached shore.
    (AP, 11/22/16)
2016        Nov 22, Lithuania's parliament approved former interior minister and police chief Saulius Skvernelis as the Baltic country's new prime minister.
    (AP, 11/22/16)   
2016        Nov 22, In Malawi Eric Aniva (45), an HIV-positive man who said he had sex with at least 100 girls and women in traditional cleansing rituals, was sentenced to two years in jail for "harmful practices." Malawi is one of the worst HIV-affected countries in the world, with 27,000 deaths from AIDS-related illnesses and nine percent of the adult population infected with the virus.
    (AFP, 11/22/16)
2016        Nov 22, Nepal celebrated the restoration the Boudhanath stupa, one of the largest of its kind in the world and a major tourist attraction, a year and a half after a colossal earthquake destroyed hundreds of treasured historic sites.
    (AP, 11/22/16)
2016        Nov 20, Heavy rains and strong winds hit the French Pacific territory of New Caledonia destroying homes. At least three people were killed, including two children.
    (AP, 11/22/16)
2016        Nov 22, In northeastern Nigeria local leaders said Boko Haram fighters are overrunning villages near Chibok, forcing hundreds of people to flee as the insurgents loot and burn in the area where nearly 300 schoolgirls were kidnapped in 2014.
    (AP, 11/22/16)
2016        Nov 22, Portugal's government said it has made an early reimbursement of 2 billion euros ($2.12 billion) to the International Monetary Fund, which was one of the contributors to the eurozone country's 78 billion-euro bailout in 2011.
    (AP, 11/22/16)
2016        Nov 22, In northern Puerto Rico dozens of FBI agents seized documents and electronic equipment at the city hall of the financially struggling town of Toa Baja.
    (AP, 11/22/16)
2016        Nov 22, Syria's army announced the formation of a new corps of volunteers to fight alongside its soldiers and allies against opponents of President Bashar al-Assad.
    (Reuters, 11/22/16)
2016        Nov 22, Thailand's military government approved a one-time payout for low-income people in an effort to stimulate the country's weak economy. People who make less than 30,000 baht ($846) a year will receive 3,000 baht ($86), while people who make 30,000 to 100,000 baht ($846 to $2,821) a year will receive 1,500 baht ($42).
    (AP, 11/22/16)
2016        Nov 22, Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan said government-backed forces have besieged the Islamic State-held Syrian town of al-Bab from the west and have set their sights on Manbij for their next offensive.
    (Reuters, 11/22/16)
2016        Nov 22, Turkish authorities issued an arrest warrant for Salih Muslim, a leader of the Syrian Kurdish Democratic Union Party (PYD), in relation to a February bomb attack on military buses in Ankara. The arrest papers also mentioned 47 other people, including leading members of the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) militant group.
    (Reuters, 11/22/16)
2016        Nov 22, Turkey dismissed 15,000 more state employees, from soldiers and police officers to tax inspectors and midwives, and shut 375 institutions and several news outlets, deepening purges carried out since a failed coup.
    (Reuters, 11/22/16)
2016        Nov 22, Ukraine's justice minister Pavlo Petrenko appointed law graduate Anna Kalynchuk (23) to lead a campaign to purge officials tainted by corruption of the ousted regime. Last week, Interior Minister Arsen Avakov appointed a 24-year old woman as deputy interior minister and was promptly accused of promoting his protégé, who attracted extra attention because of some nude photos of her posted online.
    (AP, 11/23/16)
2016        Nov 22, Vietnam's National Assembly voted to abandon plans to build two multi-billion-dollar nuclear power plants with Russia and Japan, after officials cited lower demand forecasts, rising costs and safety concerns.
    (Reuters, 11/22/16)
2016        Nov 22, In Yemen renewed clashes between government forces and rebels killed more than 40 people, a day after a fragile 48-hour ceasefire expired without halting the violence. The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) said civilians in Taiz are trapped by intense fighting, with dead bodies lying in the streets and 200 people wounded in the past three days.
    (AFP, 11/22/16)(Reuters, 11/22/16)

2016        Nov 23, President-elect Donald Trump chose South Carolina Gov. Nikki Haley as US ambassador to the United Nations, the first woman tapped for a top-level administration post during his White House transition so far. Trump charter school advocate Betsy DeVos as his secretary of education.
    (AP, 11/23/16)(SFC, 11/24/16, p.A6)
2016        Nov 23, A federal jury in San Francisco awarded $54 million in damages against Walmart for failing to pay hundreds of truck drivers for time they spend waiting to load and unload cargo, washing and fueling their trucks and other tasks.
    (SFC, 11/24/16, p.A6)
2016        Nov 23, In eastern Tennessee a wildfire began in the Chimney Tops area of Great Smoky Mountains National Park. The fire grew amid drought conditions and eventually killed 14 people and damaged more than 1,700 buildings. On Dec 7 authorities charged two juveniles for setting the fire.
    (SFC, 12/8/16, p.A7)
2016        Nov 23, Australian researchers said daylight saving time could reduce the decline of koalas in Queensland state, where the population has plunged by 80% in less than two decades in great part due to road accidents.
    (SFC, 11/24/16, p.A2)
2016        Nov 23, Bulgarian state prosecutors charged outgoing defense minister Nikolay Nenchev with failing to honor an agreement with Russia for repair of its Soviet-era fighter jets, arguing that the move had left the country without an effective air defense.
    (Reuters, 11/23/16)
2016        Nov 23, The Czech justice ministry said the United States and Russia have both requested the extradition of Yevgeniy Nikulin, a Russian arrested in Prague and indicted in the US for hacking computers of social media companies.
    (Reuters, 11/23/16)
2016        Nov 23, Estonia said Captain Sten Sepper, the commander of its Navy, has resigned. Customs officials found smuggled alcohol and cigarettes aboard the Estonian minehunter Sakala taking part in NATO operations on the Baltic Sea earlier this month. Sakala Lt. Cmdr. Ott Laanemets also announced his resignation.
    (AP, 11/23/16)
2016        Nov 23, German airline Lufthansa canceled nearly 900 flights and scrapped another 912 scheduled for Nov 24 after pilots launched a 2-day strike in a pay dispute.
    (AP, 11/23/16)
2016        Nov 23, India’s Jharkhand state assembly approved changes to two laws that will allow the state to buy protected tribal land to lease to investors, and use agricultural land for non-agricultural purposes. The approval sparked immediate protests.
    (Reuters, 11/24/16)
2016        Nov 23, Police in India said eleven people have been arrested on suspicion of duping single women into selling their newborn babies and trafficking the infants inside biscuit containers to an adoption center to be sold on to childless couples. The Crime Investigation Department (CID) in West Bengal said more arrests were likely.
    (Reuters, 11/23/16)
2016        Nov 23, Indian troops fired on a Pakistani passenger bus in Kashmir, killing 10 civilians in one of the deadliest incidents in weeks of violence in the disputed Himalayan region, stoking tensions between the nuclear-armed rivals.
    (AP, 11/23/16)
2016        Nov 23, An Indonesian court jailed an extremist for nine years for his role in a deadly gun and suicide bombing attack in Jakarta claimed by the Islamic State group. Saiful Muhtorir was found guilty of helping funnel cash to the militants behind the January assault, which killed four civilians and four attackers.
    (AFP, 11/23/16)
2016        Nov 23, A Baghdad court issued arrest warrants for two correspondents with a Saudi newspaper over a false news report accusing Iranian pilgrims of sexually harassing Iraqi women. The Nov 20 article quoted a purported World Health Organization spokesman as saying that after last year's pilgrimage more than 169 Iraqi women became pregnant out of wedlock.
    (AFP, 11/23/16)
2016        Nov 23, In Iraq Iranian-backed Shi'ite paramilitaries said they had linked up with Kurdish peshmerga forces west of Mosul, a move they said completed the encircling of the Islamic State-held city and nearby town of Tal Afar.
    (Reuters, 11/23/16)
2016        Nov 23, Israel revived plans to build 500 new homes for Jewish settlers in Israeli-annexed east Jerusalem.
    (AFP, 11/23/16)
2016        Nov 23, Israel Antiquities Authority unveiled a "unique" 3,800-year-old figurine showing a seated person, apparently deep in thought. It was discovered recently in excavations at Yehud, east of Tel Aviv.
    (AFP, 11/23/16)
2016        Nov 23, Kazakhstan's parliament called for the capital city, Astana, to be renamed after President Nursultan Nazarbayev, a week ahead of a national holiday dedicated to the 76-year-old leader who has the power to accept or reject the proposal.
    (Reuters, 11/23/16)
2016        Nov 23, A senior Qatar immigration official said around 9,000 people living illegally are expected to leave the country by Dec 1 under an ongoing three-month amnesty for undocumented residents.
    (AFP, 11/23/16)
2016        Nov 23, Slovak PM Robert Fico told journalists they were "dirty, anti-Slovak prostitutes" when asked about allegations that public procurement rules had been broken for cultural events marking Slovakia's European Union presidency.
    (Reuters, 11/23/16)
2016        Nov 23, South African police arrested a Hong Kong-bound Chinese man found with 18 rhino horns hidden in his luggage.
    (AFP, 11/24/16)
2016        Nov 23, In South Korea state prosecutors combed through the offices of Samsung for a third raid in as many weeks related to a probe in an influence-peddling case tied to the administration of Pres. Park Guen-hye.
    (Econ, 11/26/16, p.60)
2016        Nov 23, Turkish-backed Syrian opposition forces clashed with Kurdish-led forces in northern Syria, where both are fighting the Islamic State group. Kurdish-affiliated forces entered the IS-held town of Arima, near al-Bab.
    (AP, 11/23/16)

2016        Nov 24, It was reported that the former Green Party presidential candidate Jill Stein has raised the necessary $1.1 million to request a vote recount in Wisconsin. Donald Trump also won by a slim margin in Pennsylvania, where a recount filing fee costs $500,000, due on November 28. The filing fee in Michigan, where Trump has a razor-thin lead in unofficial results so far, is $600,000 due by November 30.
    (AFP, 11/24/16)
2016        Nov 24, In the SF Bay Area a Thanksgiving luncheon at the American Legion in Antioch left 3 people dead and another 18 suffering symptoms of nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. On Dec 20 CDC officials said the illness was caused by Clostridium perfringens.
    (SFC, 12/3/16, p.D2)
2016        Nov 24, In Detroit, Michigan, Wayne State Univ. police Officer Collin Rose (29) died a day after he was shot in the head while on patrol near the campus. On Nov 25 DeAngelo Davis (31) was charged with murder and gun crimes.
    (SFC, 11/25/16, p.A6)(SFC, 11/26/16, p.A3)
2016        Nov 24, William Mandel (b.1917), leftist activist and long-time broadcaster on the SF Bay Area KPFA radio, died. He wrote eight books on Soviet history, politics and culture. His 1999 autobiography was titled “Saying No to Power."
    (SFC, 12/8/16, p.D9)
2016        Nov 24, In Pennsylvania Demetrius Coleman (22) of Pittsburgh fled police and crashed into a car that burst into flames killing two adults and a child.
    (SFC, 11/26/16, p.A3)
2016        Nov 24, In Belgium close to 20,000 protesters from the non-profit sector took to the streets. Their anger centered on plans to limit days off for veteran workers in the future.
    (AP, 11/24/16)
2016        Nov 24, In southern Bulgaria about 2,000 migrants, most from Afghanistan, were involved in a conflict that reportedly erupted over the Harmanli refugee camp being put under quarantine following an alleged outbreak of infectious diseases and an outbreak of panic among local residents. About 400 migrants were detained after clashes with police that left several injured.
    (AP, 11/25/16)
2016        Nov 24, In Burkina Faso doctors and nurses continued a 3-day strike at public health centers throughout the West African country, leaving only medical students to help the sick amid outbreaks of dengue fever and meningitis.
    (AP, 11/24/16)
2016        Nov 24, Burundi's government refused to cooperate with a UN inquiry into months of political violence, saying accusations of abuses by its officials were part of a political plot. The UN released a report by independent experts in September identifying government officials suspected of ordering political opposition to be tortured or killed.
    (Reuters, 11/24/16)
2016        Nov 24, In Cameroon two young female suicide bombers attacked Mora town in the Far North region, the fourth strike near the Nigerian border by suspected Boko Haram militants this week. Both girls were killed.
    (Reuters, 11/24/16)
2016        Nov 24, In eastern China a platform under construction at a power plant collapsed early today, killing 74 people in Fengcheng, Jiangxi province. 13 people were soon detained over the collapse of the scaffolding.
    (Reuters, 11/24/16)(AP, 11/25/16))
2016        Nov 24, Colombia's President Juan Manuel Santos signed, for the second time in under two months, a historic peace accord with leftist rebels. The accord will be sent to congress where a solid pro-peace majority is expected to easily ratify it in the coming days. After that, the FARC's 8,000-some fighters will begin concentrating in rural areas where they will turn over their weapons to United Nations-sponsored monitors over the next six months.
    (AP, 11/24/16)
2016        Nov 24, The European Parliament voted to freeze membership talks with Turkey over its "disproportionate" post-coup crackdown, further escalating tensions with President Recep Tayyip Erdogan.
    (AFP, 11/24/16)
2016        Nov 24, European Parliament lawmakers backed a data-sharing deal with the United States for security and terrorism investigations which aims to safeguard data exchanged between national authorities.
    (Reuters, 11/24/16)
2016        Nov 24, German flagship carrier Lufthansa said it is scrapping 830 flights for tomorrow, grounding more than 100,000 passengers, as a strike by pilots over wages extends to a third day.
    (AFP, 11/24/16)
2016        Nov 24, German media reported that authorities in northern Germany have killed 16,000 turkeys and ordered 92,000 chickens slaughtered after detecting an outbreak of bird flu.
    (AP, 11/24/16)
2016        Nov 24, German defense company Rheinmetall and Romania's Uzina Automecanica Moreni launched a joint venture to produce eight-wheeled armored military vehicles in Romania.
    (AP, 11/24/16)
2016        Nov 24, Greek public-sector workers went on strike to protest labor and pension reforms and state asset sales which the leftist-led government agreed with the country's official creditors in exchange for bailout loans.
    (Reuters, 11/24/16)
2016        Nov 24, In eastern India protests over land rights flared for a second day in the Jharkhand state, as activists and indigenous people took to the streets after the state assembly approved amendments to colonial-era land laws despite strong opposition.
    (AP, 11/24/16)
2016        Nov 24, Indonesia's military lost contact with an army helicopter carrying four soldiers in Indonesia's part of Borneo. On Nov 27 a search team found the wreckage and rescued an injured pilot. Four people remained missing.
    (AP, 11/24/16)(AP, 11/27/16)
2016        Nov 24, In Iraq a car bomb attack at a gas station near the city of Hilla killed at least 73 people including about 40 Iranians returning from Karbala. The Islamic State group claimed responsibility. The death toll was later raised to 92.
    (AP, 11/25/16)(AP, 12/3/16)
2016        Nov 24, In Israel tens of thousands of residents were ordered to leave Haifa as wildfires tore across central and northern Israel. The country's chief of police said politically motivated arson may be behind some of the blazes.
    (AP, 11/24/16)
2016        Nov 24, Hurricane Otto hit Nicaragua and then Costa Rica where it left nine people dead and caused millions of dollars of damage before exiting into the Pacific.
    (Reuters, 11/25/16)
2016        Nov 24, Amnesty International accused Nigeria's security forces of killing at least 150 pro-Biafra protesters and injuring hundreds since August 2015.
    (AFP, 11/24/16)
2016        Nov 24, Peru's president signed off on the extradition of Manuel Burga, the country's former soccer boss, to the US for his alleged involvement in a multibillion-dollar FIFA bribery scandal involving marketing and broadcasting rights.
    (AP, 11/24/16)
2016        Nov 24, Philippine troops launched an assault on the Maute group militants in Butig due to intelligence reports that they were continuing to make bombs after being blamed for a Sept. 2 bomb attack that killed 15 people in southern Davao city, the president's hometown.
    (AP, 11/26/16)
2016        Nov 24, Sudanese security agents detained dozens of foreign exchange dealers for black market trading, as the authorities struggled to curb speculation against the pound. The local currency has lost 60 percent of its value against the dollar in the past six months.
    (AFP, 11/24/16)
2016        Nov 24, Syrian rebels in besieged east Aleppo agreed to a UN plan for aid delivery and medical evacuations, but the United Nations still awaited a green light from Russia and the Syrian government.
    (Reuters, 11/24/16)
2016        Nov 24, In northern Syria three Turkish soldiers were killed in what the military said was a suspected Syrian air strike. Turkey said it would retaliate.
    (Reuters, 11/24/16)
2016        Nov 24, In southern Turkey a car bomb exploded in the car park of the governor's office in Adana killing two people and wounding 33. Police shot and captured a suspect. The Kurdistan Freedom Hawks (TAK) later claimed responsibility.
    (AFP, 11/24/16)(AP, 11/24/16)(Reuters, 11/29/16)

2016        Nov 25, In Alaska four people including an infant were shot and killed at a hotel in Fairbanks. McKay Hutton (22) was identified as the gunman in the murder-suicide.
    (SSFC, 11/27/16, p.A8)
2016        Nov 25, San Francisco’s MUNI Metro passengers began riding for free following a hack of the agency’s computer systems. The hacker demanded 100 bitcoins, or about $73,000. Passengers continued to ride for free the next day as MUNI worked to restore its systems from backups. The system was restored on Nov 27.
    (SFC, 11/29/16, p.A1)
2016        Nov 25, Pauline Oliveros (b.1932), accordionist, composer and experimentalist, died in New York. She influenced several generations of musicians with her call for a process she dubbed “deep listening."
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pauline_Oliveros)(SSFC, 11/27/16, p.C5)
2016        Nov 25, In Afghanistan a bomb blast in Jalalabad killed one police officer and wounded five people. Bomb blasts in eastern Nangarhar province killed five and left 27 others wounded.
    (AP, 11/25/16)
2016        Nov 25, In Afghanistan VP Abdul Rashid Dostum encountered rival Ahmad Ishchi while watching a game of buzkashi and punched him in the face. Bodyguards beat Mr. Ishchi some more before carting him away in an armored vehicle. He has not been seen since. Dostum was acting president at this time as his boss was abroad.
    (Econ, 12/3/16, p.33)
2016        Nov 25, Thousands of Bangladeshis marched in the streets of Dhaka to protest the persecution of Rohingya Muslims in Myanmar. Smaller protests occurred in Indonesia, Malaysia and Thailand.
    (AP, 11/25/16)
2016        Nov 25, British chef Stephen Port (41), convicted two days earlier of murdering three young men whom he met online, was sentenced to life in prison. Over a 15-month period Gabriel Kovari, Daniel Whitworth and Jack Taylor all overdosed on the psychoactive drug GHB. Port then dumped their bodies in and around a graveyard near his apartment.
    (AFP, 11/25/16)
2016        Nov 25, Fidel Castro (90), former Cuban leader (1959-2006), died. He had led a rebel army to improbable victory, embraced Soviet-style communism and defied the power of 10 US presidents during his half century rule of Cuba. The Cuban government soon declared nine days of national mourning.
    (AP, 11/26/16)
2016        Nov 25, In France British photographer David Hamilton (b.1933), known for his widely published nude images of underage girls, was found dead in his Paris home with a plastic bag over his head. Flavie Flament (42), who modelled for Hamilton almost 30 years ago, published an autobiographical novel last month in which she described being raped by a famous photographer during a shoot.
    (AP, 11/26/16)
2016        Nov 25, Germany's Lufthansa airline canceled 830 short- and medium-haul flights affecting 100,000 passengers after a pilots' strike entered its third day in a long-running dispute over wages.
    (AP, 11/25/16)
2016        Nov 25, In Hungary far-right Asotthalom mayor Laszlo Toroczkai said councilors have voted to ban the construction of mosques and the activity of muezzins, as well as the use of veils and headscarves like burqas, chadors and burkinis worn by Muslim women.
    (AP, 11/25/16)   
2016        Nov 25, India's top court stopped firecracker sales in and around New Delhi as the worst season for air pollution began.
    (AP, 11/25/16)
2016        Nov 25, In Iran at least 44 people were killed and 100 injured when one passenger train collided with another at a station in the northern province of Semnan. Three railway officials were soon detained.
    (Reuters, 11/25/16)(AFP, 11/26/16)
2016        Nov 25, In Iraq IS militants reportedly shot to death 27 civilians in Muhandiseen Park in northern Mosul.
    (AP, 11/29/16)
2016        Nov 25, In Israel foreign firefighting planes helped tackle a wave of wildfires that have forced tens of thousands to flee their homes, as police announced a dozen related arrests. Israel received airborne assistance from Russia, Turkey, Greece and Croatia.
    (AFP, 11/25/16)
2016        Nov 25, Rebels fighting against Indian rule in Kashmir ambushed a police patrol, killing two officers. Two militants and an Indian soldier died in a separate gunfight in the disputed region.
    (AP, 11/25/16)
2016        Nov 25, Mexican authorities said Investigators searching clandestine graves have found 32 bodies and nine human heads in the southern state of Guerrero. After days of digging, they discovered a total of 32 bodies in 17 pits.
    (AP, 11/25/16)
2016        Nov 25, Thousands of Filipinos, including more than a dozen nude students, protested against the hasty burial of dictator Ferdinand Marcos in a heroes' cemetery, in a growing political storm that's lashing the president who allowed the entombment.
    (AP, 11/25/16)
2016        Nov 25, Russian President Vladimir Putin presented a Russian passport to US actor Steven Seagal (64) and said he hoped it would serve as a symbol of how the fractious ties between Moscow and Washington are starting to improve.
    (Reuters, 11/25/16)
2016        Nov 25, Russian aircraft maker MiG said Vano Mikoyan (b.1927), one of the developers of the MiG fighter jets for the Soviet and then Russian air force, has died.
    (AP, 11/25/16)
2016        Nov 25, In Syria airstrikes on the northern village of Taqad killed at least five people including children. Opposition activists reported intense airstrikes and shelling on the besieged rebel-held eastern neighborhoods of Aleppo amid fighting on several fronts. Air strikes in Idlib province knocked out two medical centers dedicated to women and killed at least 12 people.
    (AP, 11/25/16)(SFC, 11/26/16, p.A2)
2016        Nov 25, In southern Thailand two men suspected of involvement with violent unrest were killed in a shootout with police and soldiers who had been tracking them.
    (AP, 11/25/16)
2016        Nov 25, Turkish media reported one soldier killed and five lightly wounded in the fight against the Islamic State group in al-Bab, northern Syria. Four opposition fighters were also reported killed in the clashes.
    (AP, 11/25/16)
2016        Nov 25, In eastern Ukraine the Czech humanitarian organization Clovek v Tisni (People in Need, PIN) was banned from the Donetsk area by separatist authorities.
    (Reuters, 11/27/16)

2016        Nov 26, In North Dakota organizers of the protest against the Dakota Access pipeline said they will not follow a government directive to leave the federal land at the Oceti Sakowin camp. A day earlier they receiving a letter from the US Army Corps of Engineers that said all lands north of the Cannonball River will be closed to public access on Dec 5 for safety concerns.
    (SSFC, 11/27/16, p.A10)
2016        Nov 26, In Burundi thousands of people took part in street protests across the country in support of the government's opposition to United Nations investigators who are looking into alleged human rights abuses in the east African country.
    (AP, 11/26/16)
2016        Nov 26, China’s official Xinhua news agency reported that police in Jincheng city, Shanxi province, have arrested 94 members of a $72 billion cross-border gambling ring whose activities stretched into Southeast Asia.
    (Reuters, 11/26/16)
2016        Nov 26, In Germany pilots at Lufthansa staged a fourth consecutive day of strikes, with chances of an immediate resolution to the pay dispute looking slim after their union rejected a new offer from the company. The Cockpit union targeted Lufthansa's long-haul services, prompting 137 flight cancellations and affecting some 30,000 passengers.
    (AP, 11/26/16)
2016        Nov 26, Iraq's parliament voted to accord full legal status to 110,000 government-sanctioned Shiite popular mobilization forces (PMF) as a "back-up and reserve" force for the military and police and empower them to "deter" security and terror threats facing the country, like the Islamic State group. The legislation, supported by 208 of the chamber's 327 members, was promptly rejected by Sunni Arab politicians and lawmakers who said it was evidence of what they called the "dictatorship" of the country's Shiite majority.
    (AP, 11/26/16)(Econ, 1/7/17, p.39)
2016        Nov 26, In Israel fires raged in several locations for a fifth day, including in a Jewish West Bank settlement where 40 homes were burned and all 1,000-plus of its residents evacuated.
    (AP, 11/26/16)
2016        Nov 26, Kuwaitis voted in an election energized by the participation of opposition candidates for the first time since 2012 and focused on recent government austerity measures aimed at tackling the oil-rich nation's deficit. Opposition candidates won an estimated 20 seats of 50 in the elections that saw most parliament members replaced in favor of candidates who promised to confront the government over recent austerity measures.
    (Reuters, 11/26/16)(Reuters, 11/27/16)(Econ, 12/3/16, p.38)
2016        Nov 26, Libyan forces faced fierce resistance from Islamic State militants defending a final strip of land in their former stronghold of Sirte, losing at least five men.
    (Reuters, 11/26/16)
2016        Nov 26, Malaysian political cartoonist Zulkiflee Anwar Ulhaque (54), or Zunar as he is popularly known, was arrested under the country's Sedition Act for cartoons that allegedly insulted PM Najib Razak.
    (Reuters, 11/26/16)
2016        Nov 26, In New Zealand five people were killed and three others were left missing in a boating accident in Kaipara Harbour near Auckland.
    (AP, 11/26/16)
2016        Nov 26, Pakistan's office of the prime minister announced that Gen. Qamar Javed Bajwa has been appointed as the new army chief and Gen. Zubair Mahmood Hayat as Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee.
    (AP, 11/26/16)
2016        Nov 26, In northwestern Pakistan four heavily-armed suicide bombers attacked a military facility and killed two soldiers, but failed to storm a busy mosque inside. Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan Jamaat-ur-Ahrar (TTP-JA), claimed responsibility for the attack on Ghalani Camp in Mohmand Agency.
    (Reuters, 11/26/16)
2016        Nov 26, Six Pakistanis working for a Polish oil and gas surveying company were kidnapped in northwestern Pakistan, years after a Polish engineer from the same company was beheaded by Pakistani militants.
    (Reuters, 11/27/16)
2016        Nov 26, Philippine troops, backed by bomber aircraft, assaulted local sympathizers of the Islamic State group, including dozens of Maute militants who took cover in an unoccupied Islamic school in Butig's Bayabao village.
    (AP, 11/26/16)
2016        Nov 26, In Somalia a car bomb exploded near a police station in a busy market in Mogadishu, killing at least 11 people and injuring 16 others.
    (AP, 11/26/16)
2016        Nov 26, In South Korea for the fifth straight weekend, masses of protesters occupied major avenues in downtown Seoul demanding the ouster of President Park Geun-hye. Organizers estimated the crowd at 1.5 million.
    (AP, 11/26/16)
2016        Nov 26, South Sudan's government said it has accepted with "no conditions" increase the peacekeeping force in the country as mandated by the UN Security Council in August.
    (AP, 11/26/16)
2016        Nov 26, The Syrian army said troops have captured a neighborhood in Aleppo days after the government resumed its offensive on the besieged rebel-held eastern part of the city. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said an agreement to start evacuating rebels and their weapons from rebel-held Khan al-Shih will start to be implemented. Another agreement was reached to evacuate rebels from al-Tal.
    (AP, 11/26/16)(Reuters, 11/26/16)
2016        Nov 26, In Taiwan veteran Chinese director Feng Xiaogang picked up the best director award for his social satire "I Am Not Madame Bovary" at the 53rd Golden Horse Awards, considered the equivalent of the Oscars for Mandarin-language cinema.
    (AP, 11/27/16)
2016        Nov 26, In Thailand a gunman walked up to two women eating at a street stall in Pattani province's Panarae district, shooting both before fleeing. A nine-months-pregnant woman was shot dead, her companion survived.
    (AP, 11/27/16)
2016        Nov 26, Turkey's state-run news agency said a Turkish soldier was killed and three wounded in an attack during an anti-IS operation in north Syria, raising to five the number of Turkish troops killed in Syria this week. Turkish warplanes destroyed 12 Islamic State targets during the offensive.
    (AP, 11/26/16)(Reuters, 11/26/16)
2016        Nov 26, Turkish authorities detained two reporters working for the BBC and Voice of America in the town of Sirvan, the latest journalists taken into custody in the government's sweeping crackdown following July's failed coup.
    (AP, 11/27/16)
2016        Nov 26, In Uganda 41 tribal insurgents and 14 police officers were killed in clashes in the west of the country. Charles Wesley Mumbere, the king of the Rwenzururu Kingdom who supports the opposition, was detained for questioning.
    (Reuters, 11/27/16)   

2016        Nov 27, In southern Afghanistan Taliban fighters killed four border police in an ambush in Zabul province. Several Taliban were also reported killed.
    (AP, 11/28/16)
2016        Nov 27, In northeastern Congo DRC a local militia allegedly has killed at least 35 civilians with machetes and guns. The Mai Mai Mazembe militia group was named as being responsible for the attack.
    (AP, 11/27/16)
2016        Nov 27, French conservatives voted for their nominee in next year's presidential election. Francois Fillon (62) faced Alain Juppe (71), both high-profile leaders of the center-right Republicans party.
    (AP, 11/27/16)
2016        Nov 27, In Iran a helicopter on a mission to carry an injured person from an oil platform crashed in the Caspian Sea, killing all five people aboard.
    (AP, 11/27/16)
2016        Nov 27, Israeli aircraft struck a machine gun-mounted vehicle inside, killing four Islamic State-affiliated militants after they had opened fire on a military patrol on the Israeli side of the Golan Heights.
    (AP, 11/27/16)
2016        Nov 27, Denmark's PM Lars Lokke Rasmussen said he had agreed to form a new government with the Liberal Alliance and the Conservative Party, reducing the risk of snap elections.
    (Reuters, 11/27/16)
2016        Nov 27, In India hundreds of gay rights activists marched in a parade in New Delhi, highlighting the continuing discrimination India's LGBT community faces and demanding the repeal of a law criminalizing homosexual acts.
    (AP, 11/27/16)
2016        Nov 27, Dutch officials said they have culled 190,000 ducks on a farm where inspectors have confirmed the presence of a highly infectious strain of bird flu.
    (AFP, 11/27/16)
2016        Nov 27, The Philippine military killed at least 11 members of the Maute rebel group in Lanao del Sur, sending local communities fleeing as a battle continued to rage. The Maute Group has pledged allegiance to Islamic State.
    (Reuters, 11/27/16)
2016        Nov 27, In Sudan armed men abducted three UN refugee agency staffers, including two foreigners, from the strife-torn Darfur region.
    (AFP, 11/28/16)
2016        Nov 27, Swiss voters rejected a call to speed up the phase-out of the country’s ageing nuclear reactors. A full 54.2 percent of voters and an overwhelming majority of 26 cantons voted against an initiative which would have forced three of the country's five nuclear reactors to close next year.
    (AFP, 11/27/16)
2016        Nov 27, In Syria hundreds of residents of rebel-held eastern Aleppo fled shifting frontlines, after an advance by the Syrian army and allied forces. A vehicle-borne bomb killed several people in the northern town of al-Rai, an area under the control of Turkey-backed rebels. Rebels handed in their heavy weapons in Khan al-Shih, a town southwest of Damascus, as part of a deal they have made with the government to get safe passage to insurgent-controlled areas.
    (Reuters, 11/27/16)
2016        Nov 27, The Turkish army said 22 pro-Ankara Syrian rebels were hit by an Islamic State (IS) gas attack east of Al Rai in northern Syria, the first time Turkey has accused the jihadists of chemical warfare.
    (AFP, 11/27/16)
2016        Nov 27, In western Uganda the death toll rose to 62 dead as security forces fought royal guards accused of belonging to a separatist militia in the town of Kasese. (see March 15, 2017).
    (AFP, 11/28/16)(AP, 3/15/17)

2016        Nov 28, The World Trade Organization (WTO) ruled that US plane maker Boeing received major illegal tax breaks from Washington state, adding that the federal government should now take action to end that support within months.
    (AP, 11/28/16)
2016        Nov 28, In Oakland, Ca., Roderick Travon Godfrey (19) and Deante Antonio Miller (19) were shot and killed on the 700 block of 39th St. Months earlier Godfrey had spoken out against gun violence at a town hall hosted by Rep. Barbara Lee.
    (SFC, 12/1/16, p.A13)
2016        Nov 28, In Ohio Abdul Razak Ali Artan, a Somali-born Ohio State Univ. student, plowed his car into a group of pedestrians in Columbus and then got out and stabbed 11 people with a butcher knife. Campus officer Alan Horujko (28) shot and killed Artan.
    (SFC, 11/29/16, p.A8)(SFC, 11/30/16, p.A7)
2016        Nov 28, In Tennessee wildfires threatened homes and businesses in two small resort towns north of the Great Smoky Mountains.
    (Reuters, 11/29/16)
2016        Nov 28, The first commercial flight from the US in more than 50 years arrived in Cuba.
    (SFC, 11/29/16, p.A2)
2016        Nov 28, Belgium and the Netherlands signed a deal for a peaceful exchange of land between them for the mere fact that it makes sense to do so. Belgium gave up a tiny peninsula on the Meuse river linked only to the Netherlands and got in return a nearby piece from its neighbor.
    (AP, 11/28/16)
2016        Nov 28, Britain's anti-European Union UK Independence Party (UKIP) elected its former chairman Paul Nuttall as leader, seeking to overcome months of internal turmoil and capitalize on its successful Brexit campaign. Nuttall (40) succeeded Nigel Farage.
    (Reuters, 11/28/16)(Econ, 12/3/16, p.47)
2016        Nov 28, In Colombia a plane carrying Brazil’s Chapecoense team soccer team crashed killing 71 people. Six survivors suffered severe trauma injuries. 21 journalists were among the 77 people onboard the British Aerospace 146. The Bolivian plane ran out of fuel moments before slamming into the Andes mountains.
    (AP, 11/29/16)(AP, 11/30/16)(SFC, 12/2/16, p.A2)
2016        Nov 28, German news agency DPA reported that arms manufacturer Heckler & Koch will no longer sign contracts to supply countries outside of NATO's influence because it has become too difficult to obtain government approval for such deals.
    (Reuters, 11/28/16)
2016        Nov 28, Germany-based Lufthansa said it is canceling more than 1,700 flights scheduled for the next two days as a union representing the airline's pilots resumes a campaign of strikes.
    (AP, 11/28/16)
2016        Nov 28, An Indonesian woman screamed in agony as she was caned in Aceh, the latest in a growing number of women to be publicly flogged for breaking the province's strict Islamic laws. Two women and three men were flogged in front of a cheering crowd at a mosque in the provincial capital Banda Aceh.
    (AFP, 11/28/16)
2016        Nov 28, Iraqi residents in Mosul said the Islamic State has arrested dozens of shop owners accused of raising food prices in the nearly besieged city, to tamp down discontent as a US-backed offensive closes in on the group's stronghold.
    (Reuters, 11/28/16)
2016        Nov 28, Kazakh courts sentenced nine Islamic State supporters and two leading political activists to prison terms in separate trials after their convictions over the two biggest shocks to veteran President Nursultan Nazarbayev's rule.
    (Reuters, 11/28/16)
2016        Nov 28, Kuwait said plans to buy 28 Boeing F-18 Super Hornets. It also planned to return a number of outdated F-18s in its inventory as part of the purchase deal.
    (Reuters, 11/28/16)
2016        Nov 28, Montenegro's parliament endorsed a new cabinet led by Dusko Markovic (58), a former head of the secret police who pledged to lead the country's accession to NATO and the European Union.
    (Reuters, 11/28/16)
2016        Nov 28, In Nigeria a woman suicide bomber carrying a baby on her back was shot by soldiers at a checkpoint. The shot detonated her explosives, killing the woman and the baby.
    (AP, 12/11/16)
2016        Nov 28, In Somalia hundreds of pro-government forces began moving toward the port town of Qandala for an offensive against Islamic State fighters who seized it last month.
    (Reuters, 11/28/16)
2016        Nov 28, In central Somalia clashes between the Islamic extremist group al-Shabab and villagers in the port town of Harardhere left six militants and four residents killed in ongoing fighting over a demand for tax payments.
    (AP, 11/28/16)
2016        Nov 28, Aid agencies said a second poor rainy season in Somalia has pushed livestock herders in the drought-hit Puntland region to trek an average of 60 km (40 miles) to fetch drinking water and called for rapid action to prevent renewed famine.
    (Reuters, 11/28/16)
2016        Nov 28, In Sudan the second day of a three-day campaign for a general strike left streets in the capital, Khartoum, deserted, classrooms empty and many shops closed. Authorities have arrested dozens of activists and members of opposition parties over allegations they engineered a call for a general strike against subsidy cuts that have sparked price hikes.
    (AP, 11/28/16)
2016        Nov 28, The Syrian army and its allies announced the capture of a swathe of eastern Aleppo from rebels in an accelerating attack that threatens to crush the opposition in its most important urban stronghold.
    (Reuters, 11/28/16)
2016        Nov 28, The presidents of Turkmenistan and Afghanistan officially opened a new railroad at the Imamnazar station on the Turkmen side of the border that will link the oil-rich former Soviet republic with Afghanistan.
    (AP, 11/28/16)
2016        Nov 28, Two Turkish soldiers were reported killed after clashing with Kurdish militants in the eastern province of Tunceli.
    (Reuters, 11/28/16)
2016        Nov 28, Zimbabweans greeted a new "bond note" currency with deep suspicion that it could herald the return of hyperinflation that destroyed their savings less than 10 years ago. The new "bond notes" were valued at the equivalent of $1 and $2.
    (AFP, 11/28/16)

2016        Nov 29, US President-elect Donald Trump nominated Tom Price as health secretary, indicating he plans to fulfill a campaign promise to tear up the divisive healthcare reform law. The congressman from Georgia and former orthopedic surgeon has been a fierce Obamacare critic.
    (AFP, 11/29/16)
2016        Nov 29, In Afghanistan General Muhayuddin Ghori, commander of the 207th Zafar Corps based in the city of Herat, died after the aircraft he was in went down in Baghdis province on the border with Turkmenistan.
    (Reuters, 11/29/16)
2016        Nov 29, Scientists reported that warming oceans have caused the largest die-off of corals ever recorded on Australia’s Great Barrier Reef.
    (SFC, 11/30/16, p.A4)
2016        Nov 29, Pirates hijacked the Greek-flagged Saronic Breeze off the coast of Benin and sailed the vessel to Nigeria before abandoning it near the southeastern oil capital of Port Harcourt. A Russian captain and two crewmen were kidnapped.
    (AP, 12/2/16)
2016        Nov 29, In Cyprus two female high school students and the driver of their school bus were killed when the vehicle collided head-on with a truck along a busy mountain road in the northern, Turkish Cypriot half of the island's capital, Nicosia.
    (AP, 11/29/16)
2016        Nov 29, In Egypt an amended law that toughens penalties for female genital mutilation to up to 15 years in jail came into effect.
    (AFP, 12/4/16)
2016        Nov 29, Airbus said it wants to cut more than 1,100 jobs across Europe after presenting a reorganization plan to the works council in Toulouse.
    (AP, 11/29/16)
2016        Nov 29, Germany took over the presidency of the G20 leading economies, a platform Chancellor Angela Merkel wants to use to safeguard multilateral cooperation under threat following Donald Trump's U.S. election victory.
    (Reuters, 11/29/16)
2016        Nov 29, In northern India militants attacked an army base near the city of Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir state, killing at least seven security personnel and taking hostages in the boldest assault on a military base in the region in recent months.
    (Reuters, 11/29/16)
2016        Nov 29, An Iraqi official said water supplies to about 650,000 residents of Mosul have been cut off after a pipeline was hit during fighting between the army and Islamic State militants.
    (Reuters, 11/29/16)
2016        Nov 29, The Hashed al-Jabour militia, made up of Sunni tribal fighters backed by the government, killed four men it had captured in a village north of Mosul. Witnesses said the men were shot in the presence of Iraqi security forces without any judicial proceedings.
    (AP, 12/18/16)
2016        Nov 29, Libyan military commander Khalifa Haftar, the dominant figure in the divided country's east, met Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov in Moscow and said he was seeking Russia’s help in his fight against Islamist militants at home.
    (Reuters, 11/29/16)   
2016        Nov 29, In northern Mali militants struck two airports with an explosives-laden truck and rockets, in attacks that caused no victims but pointed to desert jihadists intensifying their insurgency.
    (Reuters, 11/30/16)
2016        Nov 29, The Dutch parliament voted to ban face veils in some public places, a law the government said was essential for security but which opponents said pandered to anti-Muslim sentiment.
    (Reuters, 11/29/16)
2016        Nov 29, Palestinian president Mahmud Abbas's Fatah re-elected him party head as the movement opened its first congress since 2009 with talk mounting of who will eventually succeed the 81-year-old.
    (AFP, 11/29/16)
2016        Nov 29, In southwestern Poland an earth tremor at the Rudna copper mine left at least 5 people dead. Three miners remained missing.
    (Reuters, 11/30/16)
2016        Nov 29, Russian government officials said they plan to send 100,000 tons of wheat in humanitarian aid to Syria this year.
    (Reuters, 11/29/16)
2016        Nov 29, In northern Somalia Islamist insurgents killed four pro-government soldiers and injured 11 others when a roadside bomb destroyed a military pickup. Al Shabaab claimed responsibility for the attack in the Galgala hills.
    (Reuters, 11/29/16)
2016        Nov 29, South Korean Pres. Park Geun-hye said that she'll resign, if parliament arranges the technical details, in her latest attempt to fend off impeachment efforts. Opponents immediately called Park's conditional resignation offer a stalling tactic.
    (AP, 11/29/16)
2016        Nov 29, Sudanese authorities banned three more newspapers, seizing all copies ahead of distribution as a general strike against fuel subsidy cuts and price hikes continued for the third day.
    (AP, 11/29/16)
2016        Nov 29, In Syria renewed airstrikes killed at least 20 civilians as they fled government advances in the eastern part of Aleppo. The United Nations said up to 16,000 people have already been displaced in recent days of fighting.
    (AP, 11/29/16)
2016        Nov 29, Thailand's parliament named Crown Prince Vajiralongkorn as the new king, completing a formal step for the heir to take the throne following the death of his father last month.
    (AP, 11/29/16)
2016        Nov 29, Tunisia won pledges of more than a billion dollars in financial support at an investment conference aimed at reviving the country's struggling economy. More than 2,000 business, finance and political leaders from 40 countries attended the two-day "Tunisia 2020" conference.
    (AFP, 11/29/16)
2016        Nov 29, In Turkey a deadly fire at a dormitory for schoolgirls left 12 people dead in the southern region of Adana. Twelve people were detained the next day as anger grew over possible negligence that caused the tragedy.
    (Reuters, 11/30/16)
2016        Nov 29, Ugandan prosecutors charged Rwenzururu King Charles Wesley Mumbere with murder, accusing him of backing a separatist militia where weekend fighting between his guards and security forces left at least 87 people dead.
    (AFP, 11/29/16)

2016        Nov 30, US officials with the Dept. of Housing and Urban Development said smoking will be banned in public-housing residences nationwide effective early next year. Housing agencies will be given a year and a half to put smoke-free policies into place.
    (SFC, 12/1/16, p.A7)
2016        Nov 30, The US Environmental Protection Agency announced a plan to finalize vehicle emissions standards through 2025 -- a move strongly opposed by major automakers and likely to set up a significant fight early in the next administration.
    (Reuters, 11/30/16)
2016        Nov 30, In Alabama an early morning tornado tore through the state as severe storms landed in several southeastern states, destroying infrastructure and power lines. At least three people were reported killed in ala and two in Tennessee. Up to 27 tornadoes were reported in Texas, Mississippi, Tennessee, and Alabama, amid hail and heavy downpours.
    (Reuters, 11/30/16)
2016        Nov 30, Air-conditioning maker Carrier Corp. said it has reached a deal with Pres.-elect Donald Trump to keep nearly 1,000 jobs in Indiana.
    (SFC, 12/1/16, p.C2)
2016        Nov 30, Andorran lawmakers agreed to end banking secrecy in the Pyrenees mountains principality once considered a tax haven, approving automatic sharing of information on accounts held by non-residents.
    (AFP, 12/1/16)
2016        Nov 30, A human rights group says that Belarus, the only European country that hasn't abolished capital punishment, has executed a third person in a year.
    (AP, 11/30/16)
2016        Nov 30, Colombia’s lower house voted unanimously in favor of a revised peace deal with the FARC rebels.
    (AFP, 12/1/16)
2016        Nov 30, In Ethiopia Merera Gudina (60), chairman of the Oromo Federalist Congress (OFC), was arrested at his home in Addis Ababa and was held in an unknown location with three others. Earlier this month Gudina had addressed the European Parliament in Brussels, alongside Olympic silver medalist runner and fellow member of the Oromo tribe, Feyisa Lilesa.
    (AFP, 12/1/16)
2016        Nov 30, Europol police across the globe smashed a massive criminal network, known as “Avalanche," providing online services including malware attacks that infected half a million computers worldwide. Five key suspects were arrested.
    (AFP, 12/1/16)(SFC, 12/2/16, p.A3)
2016        Nov 30, EU regulators set a path for renewables to power half of Europe by 2030, with plans to cut energy use, phase out subsidies for coal and enforce greater cross-border trade.
    (Reuters, 11/30/16)
2016        Nov 30, The European Union unveiled its biggest defense funding and research plan in more than a decade to reverse billions in cuts and send a message to US President-elect Donald Trump that it wants to pay for its own security.
    (Reuters, 11/30/16)
2016        Nov 30, German airline Lufthansa said it has made a modified pay offer to pilots as it seeks to put an end to a long-running dispute that's seen a succession of strikes over recent days.
    (AP, 11/30/16)
2016        Nov 30, Authorities in Indian-controlled Kashmir released prominent human rights activist Khurram Parvez (39) from prison after a court in the disputed region ruled that his 76-day detention under a controversial security law was illegal.
    (AP, 11/30/16)
2016        Nov 30, Indonesia's parliament reappointed Setya Novanto as its speaker, reinstating him despite a scandal last year when he was accused of trying to extort $1.8 billion of shares from the local unit of US mining giant Freeport McMoran Inc.
    (Reuters, 11/30/16)
2016        Nov 30, Amnesty International warned that multinational companies are selling consumer products containing palm oil from Indonesian plantations where workers suffer rights abuses, listing problems including child labor and exposure to toxic chemicals.
    (AFP, 11/30/16)
2016        Nov 30, OPEC agreed its first limit on oil output since 2008, with Saudi Arabia accepting "a big hit" on its production and agreeing to arch-rival Iran freezing output at pre-sanctions levels.
    (Reuters, 11/30/16)
2016        Nov 30, In the Philippines some 3,000 people gathered at the “People Power" monument in Manila to protest the burial of Dictator Ferdinand Marcos at a heroes’ cemetery.
    (SFC, 12/1/16, p.A2)
2016        Nov 30, President Vladimir Putin named deputy finance minister Maxim Oreshkin (34) as Russia's new economy minister, two weeks after former economy minister Alexei Ulyukayev was detained and accused of bribery.
    (Reuters, 11/30/16)
2016        Nov 30, Slovakia passed legislation to effectively block Islam from gaining official status as a religion in the near future in the latest sign of growing anti-Muslim sentiment across the European Union.
    (Reuters, 11/30/16)
2016        Nov 30, South Africa launched a major clinical trial of an experimental vaccine against the AIDS virus, which scientists hope could be the "final nail in the coffin" for the disease.
    (AFP, 11/30/16)
2016        Nov 30, Spanish novelist Eduardo Mendoza (b.1943) won the 2016 Cervantes Prize, the Spanish-speaking world's highest literary honor, for bringing a "new narrative style to Spanish fiction." His novels included "La verdad sobre el caso Savolta" (The Truth about the Savolta Case) and “La ciudad de los prodigios" (City of Marvels).
    (AP, 11/30/16)
2016        Nov 30, Syrian government forces and their allies clashed with rebels in southeast Aleppo, as Damascus and its allies tried to build on major gains in the city. Regime artillery fire killed at least 26 civilians in east Aleppo. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said more than 50,000 people have fled Aleppo's rebel-held districts, including at least 20,000 to government-held territory and another 30,000 to Kurdish-controlled districts.
    (Reuters, 11/30/16)(AFP, 11/30/16)
2016        Nov 30, Peng Chang-kuei (98), the creator of General Tso’s chicken, died in Taipei. He had created the Hunan-style dish during the Taiwan Strait crisis of 1955 during the 4-day visit by Adm. Arthur Radford, chairman of the US Joint chiefs of staff.
    (SSFC, 12/4/16, p.C11)
2016        Nov 30, The UN warned that op to 500,000 civilians in Mosul are facing a "catastrophic" drinking water shortage, as Iraqi forces advanced against the Islamic State group in the city.
    (AFP, 11/30/16)
2016        Nov 30, The United Nations Security Council imposed new sanctions on North Korea aimed at cutting the Asian country's annual export revenue by a quarter in response to Pyongyang's fifth and largest nuclear test in September.
    (Reuters, 11/30/16)
  2016        Nov 30, In Zimbabwe riot police fired tear gas and beat up opposition protesters marching through Harare against the new "bond note" currency.
    (AFP, 11/30/16)

2016        Nov, The Obama administration agreed to accept up to 1,250 refugees held at Nauru, who have been refused entry to Australia. Most of the refugees were from Afghanistan, Iran and Sri Lanka.
    (SFC, 2/10/17, p.A2)
2016        Nov, Pres.-elect Donald Trump outlined his priorities in a YouTube video and announced a new rule: for every new regulation, two old ones must be eliminated.
    (Econ, 11/26/16, p.65)
2016        Nov, New York’s Dept. of Financial Services (DFS) imposed a $215 million fine on the Agricultural Bank of China (ABC) for suspect financial transactions and sanction violations.
    (Econ, 11/19/16, p.63)
2016        Nov, Trump Inc. was estimated to be worth $4 billion, with $490 million in annual revenue. This would make it the 833rd largest firm in America by market value and 1,925th by sales.
    (Econ, 11/26/16, p.59)
2016        Nov, In Argentina police arrested Rev. Nicola Corradi (82), Rev. Horacio Corbacho (55) and three other men following a raid at the Antonio Provolo Institute for hearing impaired children in Mendoza province. Police and found magazines featuring naked women and about $34,000 in Corradi's room. At least 24 students of the institute had come forward seeking justice for the abuse they say they suffered at the hands of the five men.
    (AP, 12/23/16)
2016        Nov, In Chile El Romero, the largest solar plant in Latin America, became operational in the Atacama desert after 13 months of construction. It was built by Spanish company Acciona.
    (http://tinyurl.com/lrt2xp7)(Econ, 12/10/16, p.38)
2016        Nov, El Salvador’s government and right-wing Nationalist Republican Alliance (Arena) averted disaster by allowing the government to issue $550 million of new debt in exchange for agreeing to a “fiscal responsibility law".
    (Econ, 1/21/17, p.26)
2016        Nov, Egypt’s inflation was running at about 14%.
    (Econ, 11/12/16, p.14)
2016        Nov, India mandated that all moviegoers stand during the playing of the national anthem at all the country’s cinemas.
    (SFC, 12/13/16, p.A2)
2016        Nov, Almost 2,000 Iraqi troops were killed this month across the country.
    (Econ, 2/25/17, p.41)
2016        Nov, Bilal Rozayna, the brother of Hamas internal security chief Mustafa Rozayna, was arrested after he entered Israel.
    (AP, 12/28/16)
2016        Nov, In Madagascar a rush for sapphires led the government to hold meetings and declare protection for the eastern Corridor Ankeniheny-Zahamena a national priority. Miners over the next six months cut down thousands of acres of forest in the area.
    (AP, 4/2/17)
2016        Nov, In Russia a cull of reindeer began in the northern Yamal region. The cull this year was raised from 70,000 to 100,000 and would continue to the end of January. Opponents of the plan said traditional pasture lands of the Nenets people are disappearing due to the growth of the oil and gas industry.
    (SFC, 11/17/16, p.A6)
2016        Nov, Russia announced the placement of missile defense systems on Etorofu 12, and Kunashiri islands, part of the lower Kurile island chain also claimed by Japan.
    (Econ, 12/10/16, p.40)
2016        Nov, In Sudan some 2.6 million people remained displaced in Darfur, a region the size of Spain.
    (Econ, 12/3/16, p.40)
2016        Nov, In Turkey pro-Kurdish Peoples' Democratic Party (HDP) co-leader Selahattin Demirtas was detained on charges of links to Kurdish militants. He was detained along with another nine HDP lawmakers and his female co-leader Figen Yuksekdag.
    (AFP, 1/17/17)
2016        Nov, Uzbekistan authorities freed Samandar Kukanov, a dissident who had spent 23 years behind bars.
    (Econ, 12/10/16, p.40)
2016        Nov, Vietnam’s government hosted a big pow-wow on wildlife conservation and obliterated tons of confiscated ivory in a fireball.
    (Econ, 2/18/17, p.36)

2016        Dec 1, The US Senate voted 99-0 to renew for ten years the decades-old Iran Sanctions Act. Pres. Obama planned to sign it.
    (SFC, 12/2/16, p.A2)
2016        Dec 1, The US Justice Department said Carnival Corp's Princess Cruise Lines will plead guilty to seven felony charges of polluting the seas and trying to cover it up, and pay a record $40 million criminal penalty.
    (Reuters, 12/1/16)
2016        Dec 1, In Texas the city of Corpus Christi first received a “dirty water report" from the oil refiner Valero owned administration building at the asphalt plant leased to Ergon Asphalt and Emulsions and city workers flushed the pipe. On Dec 7 a 2nd report came from the same building and the main was flushed. On Dec 13 the city warned residents to stop using the public water supply forcing school closures and a run on bottled water. On Dec 14 the city released a map showing where it was safe to drink water. On Dec 18 the four-day ban on drinking from the public water supply was lifted.
    (SFC, 12/16/16, p.A9)(SFC, 12/17/16, p.A7)(SSFC, 12/18/16, p.A20)(SFC, 12/19/16, p.A5)
2016        Dec 1, In Washington state police shot and killed a man in Tacoma who had killed a fellow officer a day earlier and taken two children as human shields.
    (SFC, 12/2/16, p.A14)
2016        Dec 1, In Afghanistan Taliban militants hanged university student Faiz ul Rahman Wardak in public in a village west of Kabul after accusing him of involvement in the death of a senior Taliban official named Mullah Mirwais.
    (Reuters, 12/3/16)
2016        Dec 1, Australia’s Senate approved a law allowing convicted terrorists to be kept in prison after the completion of their sentence if a court believes they still pose a significant threat to the community.
    (SFC, 12/2/16, p.A2)
2016        Dec 1, The Bolivian Civil Aviation Authority indefinitely suspended permission for LaMia airline to operate following the deadly crash of one its charter planes in Colombia.
    (AP, 12/1/16)
2016        Dec 1, In Canada the body of Elana Eric Shamji (40), a family physician, was found in Vaughan, Ontario. Neurosurgeon Mohammed Shamji (40) was soon arrested and faced a first-degree murder charge.
    (SSFC, 12/4/16, p.A4)
2016        Dec 1, Gambian President Yahya Jammeh faced the strongest electoral challenge of his 22-year rule as voters went to the polls, braving an internet and phone blackout the government defended as a security measure. Opposition candidate Adama Barrow pulled off a stunning victory, comfortably winning the presidential election and putting an end to the 22-year rule of Yahya Jammeh.
    (AFP, 12/1/16)(AFP, 12/2/16)
2016        Dec 1, The French-German human rights award in Berlin was presented to Wang Qiaoling, whose husband Li Heping, a prominent lawyer, was detained by Chinese authorities in 2015.
    (Reuters, 12/2/16)
2016        Dec 1, In Kazakhstan an unmanned Russian cargo ship blasted with a load of supplies to the International Space Station, but Russian space officials said they weren't getting data from it. The Progress MSD-04 cargo craft broke up over Siberia.
    (AP, 12/1/16)(SFC, 12/2/16, p.A2)
2016        Dec 1, A Kenyan court charged two Iranian men with collecting information to facilitate a terrorist act after they were allegedly found with video footage of the Israeli embassy.
    (AP, 12/1/16)
2016        Dec 1, In Peru one woman was killed and some forty people were arrested in the Huaycan shantytown outside Lima after an angry mob tried to lynch two poll workers who residents believed were butchering local children to take their organs.
    (Reuters, 12/2/16)
2016        Dec 1, Poland and the US Patriot missile maker Raytheon signed a letter of intent to cooperate in production that could pave the way for the purchase of missiles.
    (AP, 12/1/16)
2016        Dec 1, In Qatar Doha News, an independent English-language news site, accused the Gulf state of censorship, saying two Internet service providers had simultaneously blocked access to it.
    (Reuters, 12/1/16)
2016        Dec 1, Senegalese sculptor Ousmane Sow (b.1935) died in Dakar. His work celebrated African tribes along with historical icons such as Nelson Mandela and Martin Luther King Jr. Sow was admitted to France's Academy of Fine Arts in 2013.
    (AP, 12/1/16)
2016        Dec 1, Spanish police said authorities have detained 34 people, including six tennis players, involved in a tennis match-fixing network that made more than half-a-million dollars from lower-tier tournaments in Spain and Portugal.
    (AP, 12/1/16)
2016        Dec 1, Elite Syrian troops moved into east Aleppo ahead of a push into the most densely populated areas, as regime ally Russia called for corridors to bring in aid and evacuate wounded. Aleppo rebels said they have agreed to form a new military alliance to better organize the defense of parts of the city they control from a ferocious assault by the government and its allies.
    (AFP, 12/1/16)
2016        Dec 1, In Thailand Crown Prince Maha Vajiralongkorn (64) became the new king after he accepted an invitation from parliament to succeed his father, King Bhumibol Adulyadej, who died in October.
    (Reuters, 12/1/16)
2016        Dec 1, The UN mission in Iraq said 1,959 Iraqi forces were killed last month and at least 450 others wounded. The UN statement also said at least 926 civilians were killed, bringing to 2,885 the number of Iraqis killed in acts of terrorism, violence and armed conflict last month.
    (AFP, 12/1/16)
2016        Dec 1, Yasmin Sooka, the head of the UN commission of human rights in the South Sudan, said ethnic cleansing is taking place in some areas of South Sudan and the stage is set for a repeat of the Rwandan genocide. Attacks on aid workers and bureaucratic interference were preventing supplies from reaching tens of thousands of desperate South Sudanese who have fled their homes amid escalating violence.
    (Reuters, 12/1/16)
2016        Dec 1, UN envoy to Yemen Ismail Ould Cheikh Ahmed and President Abedrabbo Mansour Hadi met in the southern city of Aden to discuss a new bid to end the country's conflict.
    (AFP, 12/1/16)

2016        Dec 2, The United States blacklisted seven people and 16 North Korean companies for ties to the North Korean government or its nuclear and weapons programs, the US Treasury said in a statement.
    (Reuters, 12/2/16)
2016        Dec 2, US President-elect Donald Trump accepted a congratulatory call from Taiwanese President Tsai Ing-wen, a breach of long-standing tradition that risked enmity from China.
    (AP, 12/3/16)
2016        Dec 2, Jared Kushner, the son-in-law of Pres. Donald Trump, spoke with Russian ambassador Sergei Kislyak on this day or a day earlier at Trump Tower and proposed the possibility of setting up a secret and secure communications channel between Trump’s transition team and the Kremlin. This was only made public on May 26, 2017.
    (SFC, 5/27/17, p.A6)
2016        Dec 2, The FBI arrested Jamaican fugitive Marlon Jones a day after he was added to the agency's top 10 most wanted list in the deaths of four people at a Los Angeles birthday party in October.
    (AP, 12/3/16)
2016        Dec 2, In southern California graduate student David Jonathan Brown stabbed to death UCLA Prof. Bosco Tjan, an expert in vision cognition and perception. The student was arrested.
    (SFC, 12/3/16, p.A7)(SSFC, 12/4/16, p.A8)
2016        Dec 2, In southern California CHP officers found more than 200 pounds of heroin, valued at about $11 million, in a tractor trailer that was stopped for speeding in Victorville.
    (SFC, 12/3/16, p.A7)
2016        Dec 2, In the SF Bay Area a warehouse was gutted by a blaze during a rave party in Oakland. An estimated 50 to 100 people attended the electronic dance music party. At least 36 people were killed at the artist collective known as Satya Yuga, led by Derick Ion Almena (46).
    (AFP, 12/4/16)(SFC, 12/6/16, p.A13)
2016        Dec 2, In Tennessee people returned to the fire-ravaged city of Gatlinburg as the death toll rose to 13. The number of damaged buildings approached 1000.
    (SFC, 12/3/16, p.A9)
2016        Dec 2, Ford Motor Co said on Friday it will recall about 680,000 of its Ford Fusion and Lincoln MKZ sedans to fix a seat belt issue.
    (Reuters, 12/2/16)
2016        Dec 2, An Afghan police official said Taliban militants have killed 23 civilians in Kandahar Province in the last 48 hours.
    (AP, 12/2/16)
2016        Dec 2, Angola’s state radio announced that President Jose Eduardo dos Santos (74) will stand down next year.
    (AFP, 12/3/16)
2016        Dec 2, Britain’s Whitechapel Bell Foundry, the maker of Big Ben (1858), announced its closure. The foundry will close in May 2017, after nearly 450 years of bell making and 250 years at its present site.
    (http://tinyurl.com/jxfxhd7)(Econ, 12/24/16, p.122)
2016        Dec 2, Cambodia's King Norodom Sihamoni pardoned Kem Sokha, the deputy leader of the country's opposition party, acting at the request of PM Hun Sen in a complicated maneuver that could have a major political impact ahead of nationwide local elections next June.
    (AP, 12/2/16)
2016        Dec 2, China appealed to Washington and Berlin to avoid injecting politics into the proposed 670 million euro ($740 million) acquisition of German semiconductor maker Aixtron SE by Fujian Grand Chip, following a report President Obama plans to oppose it as a security risk.
    (AP, 12/2/16)
2016        Dec 2, In Cyprus the leaders of the ethnically split island ended a two-week stalemate by agreeing to meet next month in Geneva for a summit to tackle the most difficult issues in the way of a peace deal.
    (AP, 12/2/16)
2016        Dec 2, German police said an iron gate with the infamous slogan "Arbeit macht frei" ("Work will set you free") stolen from the former Nazi concentration camp Dachau two years ago has been found in Norway.
    (AFP, 12/2/16)
2016        Dec 2, Indonesian police arrested 11 people including prominent citizens for suspected treason and other crimes and said they were planning to use a mass protest in the capital to cause chaos and overthrow the government. Eight of those arrested were released the next day.
    (AP, 12/2/16)(AP, 12/3/16)
2016        Dec 2, In Indonesia at least 200,000 conservative Muslims rallied peacefully in Jakarta in the second major protest against its minority Christian Gov. Basuki "Ahok" Tjahaja Purnama, who is being prosecuted for alleged blasphemy.
    (AP, 12/2/16)
2016        Dec 2, Iran threatened to retaliate against a US Senate vote to extend the Iran Sanctions Act (ISA) for 10 years, saying it violated last year's deal with six major powers that curbed its nuclear program. The ISA had been due to expire on Dec 31.
    (Reuters, 12/2/16)
2016        Dec 2, Iraqi special forces fighting in Mosul seized a new neighborhood and took full control of the densely-populated Zohour neighborhood, where troops happened upon a residential complex for IS fighters.
    (AP, 12/2/16)
2016        Dec 2, Lithuania's president urged Donald Trump to uphold the United States' security commitment to Europe amid questions about the US president-elect's intentions toward his NATO allies.
    (AP, 12/2/16)
2016        Dec 2, Lithuania’s state security said it has opened a 24-hour hotline for citizens to report potential foreign spies in an effort to increase public awareness of potential threats.
    (AP, 12/2/16)
2016        Dec 2, The Dutch government backed a multi-year inquiry into the end of its colonial period in Indonesia in the 1940s, when troops from the Netherlands are accused of massacres in Southeast Asia's largest nation.
    (Reuters, 12/2/16)
2016        Dec 2, A Nigerian court ruled that Sheikh Ibrahim Zakzaky, leader of the Islamic Movement in Nigeria (IMN), should be released along with his wife after being held without charge for nearly a year by the country's security agency. Founders of the Nigerian sect were inspired by the Islamic Revolution in Shi'ite Iran.
    (Reuters, 12/2/16)
2016        Dec 2, In central Nigeria a petrol tanker skidded off the road and exploded, killing at least 14 people in the transit town of Tegina, Niger state.
    (AFP, 12/2/16)
2016        Dec 2, In Poland technicians worked across the country to restore power to some 180,000 households as the freezing weather that has gripped the country for a month claimed two more lives.
    (AP, 12/2/16)
2016        Dec 2, In Slovenia Natasa Pirc Musar, director of the Pirc Musar&Partnerji law firm, said that the use of the name "Melania Trump" for commercial purposes without approval of her client would be against the law in the small Alpine state and would represent a violation of personal rights.
    (AP, 12/2/16)
2016        Dec 2, In Switzerland member nations approved an additional 440 million euros ($469 million) to fund the European Space Agency's next mission to Mars.
    (AP, 12/2/16)
2016        Dec 2, In Syria rebels put up fierce resistance in a key district of Aleppo, where a regime offensive has left bodies in the streets and sparked global outrage. Rebel fire on west Aleppo killed 9 people.
    (AFP, 12/2/16)(AFP, 12/3/16)
2016        Dec 2, Syrian intelligence officials returned the emaciated and abused dead body of Ibrahim al-Ahmad (25) to his family saying the man, missing for four years, had died of a heart attack.
    (Econ, 12/24/16, p.75)
2016        Dec 2, Pres. Recep Tayyip Erdogan urged his citizens to give up the dollar and euros at a time the economy is teetering. Erdogan called on Turkish citizens to convert savings held in foreign currencies into gold and Turkish lira to help boost the ailing currency, which recently dropped above 3.5 lira per dollar, the weakest exchange rate in more than a decade.
    (http://tinyurl.com/j9uebpr)(AP, 12/8/16)
2016        Dec 2, UN investigators said South Sudanese soldiers have brutally raped an elderly woman and a pregnant woman lost her baby after being gang-raped by seven soldiers. Three in five women in UN-administered "protection of civilian" sites around the capital Juba experienced rape or sexual assault, according to a 2016 report by the UN Population Fund.
    (Reuters, 12/2/16)
2016        Dec 2, The UN said nearly 20,000 children have fled their homes in battered east Aleppo in recent days, warning that time is running out to provide them with the help they desperately need.
    (AFP, 12/2/16)

2016        Dec 3, In Ohio Saif Nasser Mubarak Alameri (26), a student at Case Western Univ. and a United Arab Emirates citizen, was speeding and driving erratically on the turnpike when he sideswiped another vehicle, causing his car to flip onto the roof. Alameri fled the scene and was killed during a struggle with a Hudson police officer.
    (AP, 12/7/16)
2016        Dec 3, In Abu Dhabi representatives of around 40 countries approved plans to establish a fund to protect heritage sites in war zones and a network of safe havens for endangered artworks. The meeting, co-sponsored by France and the United Arab Emirates, was spurred by the systematic destruction and looting of archaeological treasures in Iraq and Syria by the Islamic State group. France committed $30 million toward protecting cultural heritage sites during wartime.
    (AFP, 12/3/16)(AP, 12/3/16)
2016        Dec 3, Austrian police said two migrants, who had apparently hidden on a train bringing trucks from Italy to Austria, were found dead today, either of cold or because they were crushed when the vehicles were unloaded.
    (Reuters, 12/3/16)
2016        Dec 3, Azerbaijan's domestic security agency agents killed Emin Jami, a man linked to "international terrorist organizations and illegal armed groups involved in military conflicts abroad." He was allegedly wearing a suicide bomb belt in Baku.
    (AP, 12/3/16)
2016        Dec 3, Chilean media reported that the government has decided to draw up charges against lithium giant SQM for a series of alleged environmental violations that could result in fines of up to $22.2 million.
    (Reuters, 12/3/16)
2016        Dec 3, China's Taiwan Affairs Office said US President-elect Donald Trump's call with Taiwan President Tsai Ing-wen was a "petty" move by Taiwan that does not change its status as part of China.
    (Reuters, 12/3/16)
2016        Dec 3, In northern China a coal mine explosion killed 32 people in Chifeng city in the Inner Mongolia region. News of the blast came just hours after 21 miners, who were trapped for four days after an explosion hit their unlicensed coal mine in Heilongjiang province, were confirmed dead. Four people were arrested in connection with that disaster.
    (AP, 12/3/16)(SSFC, 12/4/16, p.A4)
2016        Dec 3, Congolese troops detained 41 South Sudanese soldiers and one police officer after they fled a rebel assault over the frontier.
    (Reuters, 12/6/16)
2016        Dec 3, Dagestan warlord Rustam Aselderov (35), suspected to be behind multiple attacks in the North Caucasus, was killed along with four of his accomplices in a police operation.
    (AP, 12/4/16)
2016        Dec 3, Egypt's Supreme Constitutional Court upheld a law that effectively bans street protests, settling a years-long court battle and protecting the law from further challenges.
    (Reuters, 12/3/16)
2016        Dec 3, In Finland a lone gunman shot dead a local official and two journalists, all of them women, in a night-time attack in the small town of Imatra. A 23-year-old suspect was swiftly arrested after the shooting.
    (AFP, 12/4/16)
2016        Dec 3, Gabon said it has postponed legislative elections set for Dec. 27 until next July because of a lack of money.
    (Reuters, 12/3/16)
2016        Dec 3, An Indonesian police plane lost contact during a flight to the island of Batam near Singapore. All 13 policemen aboard were feared dead.
    (AP, 12/3/16)
2016        Dec 3, In Iraq Islamic State militants staged attacks over the last 24 hours on positions of state-sanctioned militias west and south of Mosul, apparently taking advantage of bad weather conditions that normally disrupt air support. Forces from the Iraqi army retook four villages from the Islamic State group northeast of Mosul.
    (AP, 12/3/16)(AFP, 12/3/16)
2016        Dec 3, More than 1,300 Fatah delegates confirmed the leadership role of Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas by acclamation and elected 18 members of the movement's top decision-making Central Committee.
    (AP, 12/4/16)
2016        Dec 3, In northern Somalia soldiers in Puntland allied to the Western-backed government killed seven insurgents from a faction loyal to the Islamic State group. The Puntland forces were attacked in the village of Bashaashin.
    (Reuters, 12/3/16)
2016        Dec 3, In South Korea hundreds of thousands rallied in Seoul on Saturday in the sixth straight weekend of protests demanding the resignation of scandal-tainted President Park Geun-hye that took them closer than ever to the presidential Blue House.
    (Reuters, 12/3/16)
2016        Dec 3, Sri Lanka’s police fired teargas and water cannon to disperse thousands of opposition-backed protesters outside parliament as lawmakers debated the annual budget. Protesters were demanding local elections which were due last year, but postponed to devise a new electoral system.
    (AFP, 12/3/16)
2016        Dec 3, Syria's army advanced deeper into east Aleppo. The government has now recaptured around 60 percent of eastern parts of the city. Three people were killed in air strikes on Shaar. Five people were killed by rebel fire on west Aleppo.
    (AFP, 12/3/16)
2016        Dec 3, Thai police arrested anti-junta activist Jatupat Boonpattararaksa for defaming the monarchy in what rights groups said was the first case of lese-majeste brought under Thailand's new king.
    (Reuters, 12/3/16)
2016        Dec 3, The Turkish military said it has killed 20 fighters from the outlawed Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) after they tried to attack army bases in the southeastern Hakkari province.
    (Reuters, 12/3/16)
2016        Dec 3, In Ukraine five policemen were killed by friendly fire in a tragic accident in which officers mistook colleagues for burglars in the small town of Knyazychy. A gang of three burglars fled the scene but were detained as they travelled back to Kiev.
    (AFP, 12/4/16)
2016        Dec 3, In Yemen military officials said government forces have sent reinforcements to the Red Sea coast to drive Iran-backed rebels away from a key global shipping route.
    (AFP, 12/3/16)

2016        Dec 4, The US Pentagon announced the release of Guantanamo Bay prisoner Shawqi Awad Balzuhair. The low level militant was sent to the West African nation of Cape Verde for resettlement. This lowered the number of prisoners held at the US base in Cuba to 59. Twenty of those remaining have been approved for release.
    (AP, 12/4/16)
2016        Dec 4, The US Army Corps of Engineers turned down the request for an easement for the Dakota Access Pipeline to build under the Missouri River, after months of protests from Native American and climate activists. ETP said it will continue to fight for the line.
    (Reuters, 12/5/16)
2016        Dec 4, In Texas Deputy Dora Linda Nishihara (69) was killed and two others were injured when two vehicles plunged into a water-filled sinkhole in San Antonio.
    (SFC, 12/6/16, p.A6)
2016        Dec 4, The Cell Atlas database was launched. It records which proteins are found in which organelles.
    (Econ, 12/10/16, p.77)
2016        Dec 4, Austria's Freedom Party conceded defeat in its bid to elect Europe's first far-right president, as projections showed its candidate Norbert Hofer lagging behind in a bitterly fought election re-run. Green leader Van der Bellen (72) led with 53.5 percent of the vote over Hofer with 46.4 percent.
    (AP, 12/4/16)
2016        Dec 4, In Brazil demonstrators marched in major cities across the country, protesting government corruption and a recent vote in Congress that was widely perceived as an effort to intimidate judges and prosecutors currently leading graft probes.
    (Reuters, 12/4/16)
2016        Dec 4, In Dubai a bus carrying 20 migrant workers hit a truck, killing four people at the scene. A fifth person died after being rushed to the hospital.
    (AP, 12/4/16)
2016        Dec 4, In Iraq two militants tried to attack army barracks in Anbar province. Police and army sources said the attackers were killed before they reached the base. Iraqi commanders say they have killed at least 1,000 Islamic State fighters. A government adviser estimated the jihadist group now had about 4,000 fighters in Mosul.
    (Reuters, 12/4/16)
2016        Dec 4, Human Rights Watch said Kurdish restrictions on the movement of goods are harming the recovery of Iraq's Yazidi minority, which was targeted for genocide by the Islamic State group.
    (AFP, 12/4/16)
2016        Dec 4, Israel was embroiled in fresh controversy over its purchase of submarines from German company ThyssenKrupp after reports that the country's arch-enemy Iran holds a stake in the firm.
    (AFP, 12/4/16)
2016        Dec 4, Millions of Italians voted in a knife-edge constitutional referendum that left PM Matteo Renzi sweating on his future and the rest of Europe braced for the fallout if he is forced to quit. PM Renzi won just over 40 percent of the vote in the referendum, a far worse result than polls had predicted.
    (AFP, 12/4/16)(Reuters, 12/5/16)
2016        Dec 4, In northern Lebanon a soldier was fatally shot and a second was wounded at a military installation. On Dec 7 four people, said to belong to an Islamic State cell, were arrested in dawn raids in Beqaa Safrin, where the attack had taken place.
    (Reuters, 12/7/16)
2016        Dec 4, Palestinian emergency workers said they have recovered the bodies of three men who went missing in a smuggling tunnel between Gaza and Egypt. The tunnel caved in after the Egyptian military flooded it with water. One person remained missing.
    (AP, 12/4/16)
2016        Dec 4, In Russia at least 12 people, including nine members of a children's acrobatics team, were killed in a road collision in eastern Siberia.
    (AP, 12/4/16)
2016        Dec 4, In Syria suspected Russian air strikes killed at least 46 people in opposition-held parts, as government forces advanced in fierce clashes with rebels in east Aleppo.
    (AFP, 12/4/16)
2016        Dec 4, A coalition air strike in Raqa, Syria, killed three Islamic State leaders involved in plotting foreign attacks. Salah-Eddine Gourmat and Sammy Djedou -- were involved in facilitating the November 13, 2015 Paris attacks, in which 130 people died. Walid Hamman was a suicide-attack planner who was convicted in absentia in Belgium for a terror plot disrupted in 2015.
    (AFP, 12/13/16)
2016        Dec 4, Uzbekistan held a tightly controlled presidential election, the first vote since the death of authoritarian leader Islam Karimov who ruled the country for 27 years. Acting President Shavkat Mirziyoyev, who spent 13 years as Karimov's prime minister, was favored to win. Mirziyoyev garnered 88.61 percent of the vote.
    (AP, 12/4/16)(AP, 12/5/16)
2016        Dec 4, Venezuela’s central bank said it will introduce six new notes and three new coins starting in mid-December to help alleviate practical problems in doing business with the world's most inflationary currency. The nation's largest note is worth just 2 US cents on the black market.
    (Reuters, 12/4/16)
2016        Dec 4, Vietnam’s government said floods brought by torrential rain since late November have killed at least 13 people while more heavy rain is expected in coming days.
    (Reuters, 12/4/16)

2016        Dec 5, Retired neurosurgeon Ben Carson, a rival-turned-supporter of Donald Trump, overcame his stated qualms about a lack of government experience to accept the president-elect's nomination to lead the Department of Housing and Urban Development.
    (Reuters, 12/5/16)
2016        Dec 5, The US State Dept. said that a fake US Embassy in Ghana has been shut down after operating for about a decade in Accra.
    (SFC, 12/6/16, p.A2)
2016        Dec 5, North Carolina Gov. Pat McCrory (R) ended his legal challenges to the election, conceding that he had lost his bid for a second term to Democrat Roy Cooper.
    (CSM, 12/6/16)
2016        Dec 5, Brazilian police raided the homes of two former members of a parliamentary inquiry into graft at state oil company Petrobras, seeking evidence they extorted money from contractors who wanted to avoid being summoned as witnesses.
    (Reuters, 12/5/16)
2016        Dec 5, A Gambian court freed a prominent lawyer and 18 other political prisoners on bail pending an appeal of their jail sentence for "unlawful assembly", in a sign that President Yahya Jammeh's shock election defeat last week could end years of repression.
    (Reuters, 12/5/16)
2016        Dec 5, German police in the western city of Bochum arrested an Iraqi asylum-seeker (31) on suspicion of sexually assaulting two Chinese students. DNA evidence linked the man to an attack and attempted rape of a Chinese woman (21) in August, and of raping a Chinese woman (27) in November.
    (AP, 12/6/16)
2016        Dec 5, Germany-based Volkswagen said it is launching a new company dedicated to car sharing and other "mobility services" in which people may need a ride but don't necessarily want to own the car.
    (AP, 12/5/16)
2016        Dec 5, German airline Air Berlin said it is selling its stake in Austrian carrier NIKI to Abu Dhabi-based Etihad for 300 million euros ($319 million).
    (AP, 12/5/16)
2016        Dec 5, Officials said a Greek court has refused to extradite the first three of eight Turkish servicemen who fled to Greece after the failed July 15 military coup.
    (AP, 12/5/16)
2016        Dec 5, Jayaram Jayalalithaa (68), chief minister of India’s Tamil Nadu state, died in Chennai following a massive weekend cardiac arrest. The former movie star who enjoyed god-like status was buried the next day alongside her on-screen lover. V.K. Sasikala, Jayalithaa’s live-in assistant soon claimed the mantle of chief minister forcing out O. Paneerselvam (OPS). On Feb 7 OPS declared that he had been unfairly forced from office by Sasikala.
    (AP, 12/6/16)(Econ, 2/11/17, p.33)
2016        Dec 5, Indonesia announced that companies were banned from turning peatlands into palm oil and other types of plantations, and must restore peatlands they have degraded.
    (Reuters, 12/6/16)
2016        Dec 5, Western-backed Iraqi forces have begun shelling parts of west Mosul, in preparation for a new front against Islamic State seven weeks into a difficult campaign to drive the militants from the city.
    (Reuters, 12/5/16)
2016        Dec 5, Doctors working in Kenyan state hospitals went on strike to demand fulfillment of a 2013 agreement between their union and the government that would raise their pay and improve working conditions.
    (Reuters, 12/5/16)
2016        Dec 5, Forces loyal to Libya's UN-backed government said they had seized full control of Sirte from the Islamic State group, in a major blow to the jihadists who battled for months to retain their bastion.
    (AFP, 12/5/16)
2016        Dec 5, Mexico struck a deal with Australia’s BHP Billiton to develop the Trion oil field in Mexico with state-oil firm Pemex.
    (Econ, 12/10/16, p.62)
2016        Dec 5, Mexican police and marines killed 14 presumed criminal gang members in a shootout in the troubled Gulf coast state of Veracruz. Agents seized 13 assault rifles and a weapon capable of piercing armored vehicles.
    (AP, 12/6/16)
2016        Dec 5, New Zealand PM john Key announced that he will submit his resignation on Dec 12 following eight years as leader.
    (SFC, 12/6/16, p.A2)
2016        Dec 5, Philippine VP Leni Robredo resigned her Cabinet post, citing "major differences in principles and values" with President Rodrigo Duterte and an unspecified plot to remove her from the vice presidency. She continued as VP.
    (AP, 12/5/16)
2016        Dec 5, Polish authorities said Lufthansa and General Electric will jointly invest some 250 million euros ($270 million) in Poland to build a plant that will service aircraft engines starting in 2018.
    (AP, 12/5/16)
2016        Dec 5, In northern Somalia soldiers allied to the Western-backed Somali government killed three fighters loyal to the Islamic State in Puntland as they pressed ahead toward the insurgents' main stronghold.
    (Reuters, 12/5/16)
2016        Dec 5, In Syria opposition rebel shelling in Aleppo killed two nurses  and eight civilians.
    (SFC, 12/6/16, p.A2)
2016        Dec 5, Tunisia’s parliament's finance committee approved a budget draft that would tax lawyers between about $8 to $20 on each file they present to court. The levy was part of austerity measures proposed for 2017 by a government under pressure from international lenders to cut the fiscal deficit.
    (Reuters, 12/6/16)
2016        Dec 5, The UN launched a record humanitarian appeal, asking for $22.2 billion in 2017 to help almost 93 million people hit by conflicts and natural disasters.
    (AP, 12/5/16)
2016        Dec 5, Vietnam punished two editors of a major newspaper which had earlier been fined for publishing what authorities said were false reports on toxic fish sauce. A total of 50 news organizations were fined in November for running reports about high arsenic levels found in fish sauce, causing widespread panic.
    (AFP, 12/5/16)
2016        Dec 5, In Yemen security officials said Shiite rebels have detained a number of Arab and African nationals, including more than 30 Egyptians, on suspicion of spying for the Saudi-led coalition fighting the rebels.
    (AP, 12/5/16)

2016        Dec 6, US President-elect Donald Trump said costs for a new Air Force One - one of the most prominent symbols of the US presidency - were out of control, and urged the government to cancel a contract with Boeing Co for the jet.
    (Reuters, 12/6/16)
2016        Dec 6, The US and Japan said that Washington will give nearly 10,000 acres of land on Okinawa back to the Japanese government. The land had been used by Marines for jungle warfare training and the giveback will be completed by Dec 22.
    (SFC, 12/7/16, p.A2)
2016        Dec 6, The US Supreme Court ruled that sharing corporate secrets with friends or relatives is illegal even if the insider providing the tip doesn’t receive anything of value in return.
    (SFC, 12/7/16, p.A6)
2016        Dec 6, In Bahrain top officials from six Gulf Arab nations gathered for talks expected to focus on regional security and cooperation. The GCC bloc includes Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates.
    (AP, 12/6/16)
2016        Dec 6, Belgian federal prosecutors said authorities have searched houses and detained eight people for questioning on suspicion of supporting Islamic State financially and through the recruitment of fighters for the Syrian civil war.
    (Reuters, 12/6/16)
2016        Dec 6, Brazil's currency and stocks seesawed as a Supreme Court decision to remove Senate president Renan Calheiros because he has been indicted on embezzlement charges raised doubts about upcoming votes on the government's austerity agenda.
    (Reuters, 12/6/16)
2016        Dec 6, A British man was found guilty of providing cash to a key suspect in the deadly Brussels and Paris bombings in a case that linked England to the Islamic State group attacks in Europe. Zakaria Boufassil was convicted of "engaging in conduct in preparation of acts of terrorism" by providing 3,000 pounds ($3,700) to bombing suspect Mohamed Abrini at a secret meeting in Birmingham, England.
    (AP, 12/6/16)
2016        Dec 6, Danish police arrested a man (26) suspected of seriously wounding one of its officers by shooting him in the head outside a police station in a Copenhagen suburb earlier in the day. The dog squad officer (43) died the next day.
    (Reuters, 12/6/16)(AP, 12/7/16)
2016        Dec 6, Danish toymaker Lego said it is appointing its first foreign CEO and will give its family owners a bigger role in developing the Lego brand under an organizational shake-up that will see incumbent Jorgen Vig Knudstorp step down by the end of the year. Briton Bali Padda, currently chief operations officer, will replace Knudstorp.
    (Reuters, 12/6/16)
2016        Dec 6, Egyptian security forces in the southern province of Assiut killed three gunmen in a raid on a hideout used by what it described as an armed wing of the Muslim Brotherhood.
    (Reuters, 12/6/16)
2016        Dec 6, Egypt's official anti-corruption body said it has uncovered a network for human organ trafficking, including physicians whom it said exploited the victims' poverty in persuading them to sell their organs.
    (AP, 12/6/16)
2016        Dec 6, In France former interior minister Bernard Cazeneuve took over as prime minister, replacing Manuel Valls who resigned to fight for the Socialist party nomination in presidential elections next year.
    (AFP, 12/6/16)
2016        Dec 6, Germany’s Chancellor Angela Merkel won a new two-year term as leader of her Christian Democratic Union. She called for a ban on full-face Muslim veils "wherever legally possible".
    (SFC, 12/7/16, p.A5)(Reuters, 12/7/16)
2016        Dec 6, A Greek court agreed to extradite three Turkish servicemen who were part of an eight-person helicopter crew that fled to Greece after a failed military coup, a decision that came a day after it refused to send three others back to Turkey.
    (AP, 12/6/16)
2016        Dec 6, Iran's state TV reported that a rescue helicopter carrying eight people has crashed into a lake in western Tehran, killing two people.
    (AP, 12/6/16)
2016        Dec 6, Iraqi army units surged towards the center of Mosul in an attack from the city's southeastern edges that could give fresh impetus to the seven-week-old battle for Islamic State's Iraqi stronghold.
    (Reuters, 12/6/16)
2016        Dec 6, In Israel sculptor Itay Zalait placed a four meter (13 foot) tall effigy of Netanyahu on a white pedestal in Tel Aviv's Rabin Square, adjacent to city hall, to test the limits of freedom of expression. The gilded statue was toppled by an onlooker after a brief public appearance.
    (Reuters, 12/6/16)
2016        Dec 6, A dozen Lebanese women, dressed as brides in white wedding dresses stained with fake blood and bandages, gathered outside government buildings in Beirut to protest a law, in place since the late 1940s, that allows a rapist to get away with his crime if he marries the survivor.
    (AP, 12/6/16)
2016        Dec 6, In central Mali five suspected Islamist militants freed 93 prisoners during an attack on a jail in the town of Niono. Ninety prisoners remained at large after three were captured.
    (Reuters, 12/6/16)
2016        Dec 6, Poland's Supreme Court confirmed that the country would refuse to detain and extradite filmmaker Roman Polanski to the US.
    (AP, 12/6/16)
2016        Dec 6, A Saudi court sentenced 15 people to death for spying for the kingdom's rival Iran, in a move likely to heighten regional tensions.
    (AFP, 12/6/16)
2016        Dec 6, The Program for Int’l. Student Assessment (PISA), run by the OECD, released its latest results and showed students from Singapore roughly three years ahead of American students in math.
    (Econ, 12/10/16, p.20)
2016        Dec 6, South Africa's Supreme Court of Appeal overturned a ruling that granted a man the right to medically-assisted death and could have opened the way to legalize euthanasia.
    (AFP, 12/6/16)
2016        Dec 6, Syrian government forces and allied militias captured Aleppo's centrally located al-Shaar neighborhood from rebels as the government and its ally Russia rejected a cease-fire for the war-torn city.
    (AP, 12/6/16)
2016        Dec 6, Thailand’s interior ministry said severe flooding due to heavy rain in southern Thailand has killed 14 people, including five students. Six days of floods have affected 582,345 people in 11 of the country’s 76 provinces.
    (AP, 12/6/16)
2016        Dec 6, Several thousand Tunisian lawyers demonstrated in front of the prime minister's office, with some demanding his resignation as they escalated a protest against widely unpopular new taxes that will hit them and other high-end professions.
    (Reuters, 12/6/16)
2016        Dec 6, Venezuela's opposition withdrew from the latest round of crisis negotiations with authorities, insisting the government first release prisoners and allow a vote on the volatile country's political future.
    (AFP, 12/6/16)
2016        Dec 6, A Yemen ferry sank 40 km (25 miles) northwest of the island of Socotra. At least 35 of the 64 people on the ship were soon rescued.
    (Reuters, 12/7/16)

2016        Dec 7, A transition official said president-elect Donald Trump will nominate Iowa Governor Terry Branstad as the next US ambassador to China, choosing a longstanding friend of Beijing after rattling the world's second-largest economy by speaking to Taiwan's president.
    (Reuters, 12/7/16)
2016        Dec 7, Time Magazine named Donald Trump as Person of the Year.
    (SFC, 12/8/16, p.A9)
2016        Dec 7, In Americus, Georgia, a man fatally shot police Officer Nicholas Smarr and wounded Officer Jody Smith before fleeing an apartment complex near Georgia Southwestern State Univ. Smith died of his wounds the next day and suspect Minquell Lembrick was found dead at a home where he was hiding.
    (SFC, 12/8/16, p.A7)(SFC, 12/9/16, p.A6)
2016        Dec 7, In Michigan a federal judge who ordered the state to begin a recount of Nov 8 presidential voting, ended the recount following a state court ruling that found Green Party candidate Jill Stein had no legal standing to requests another look at the ballots.
    (SFC, 12/8/16, p.A9)
2016        Dec 7, Amazon completed its first delivery by drone, in what the global online giant hopes will become a trend in automated shipments by air. The delivery was made to a customer near Cambridge, England.
    (AFP, 12/14/16)
2016        Dec 7, London-based think-tank Overseas Development Institute said one third of children living in the slums of Bangladesh's capital spend more than 60 hours a week making clothes for the garment sector, well beyond the legal working limit.
    (Reuters, 12/7/16)
2016        Dec 7, In Bahrain British PM Theresa May and leaders from the six-member Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) agreed to counter Iran's "destabilizing activities," a pledge meant to calm nerves following the nuclear deal with world powers. The summit aimed to advance plans to turn the (GCC) into a Gulf Union with tighter defense coordination.
    (AP, 12/7/16)(Econ, 12/10/16, p.50)
2016        Dec 7, British musician Greg Lake (b.1947) died. He had co-founded both King Crimson and Emerson, Lake and Palmer. ELP broke up in 1979, reunited in 1991, later disbanded again and reunited for a 2010 tour.
    (AP, 12/8/16)
2016        Dec 7, Paris, France, was smothered by its worst winter pollution in a decade, with commuters enjoying free public transport and half of all cars ordered off the road to try to clear the air.
    (AFP, 12/7/16)
2016        Dec 7, German Chancellor Angela Merkel's conservatives toughened their tone on integrating migrants, passing a resolution on tackling forced marriage and honor killings, and cracking down on dual citizenship.
    (Reuters, 12/7/16)
2016        Dec 7, Ghana held elections. President John Mahama sought a second and final term. Opposition leader Nana Akufo-Addo’s New Patriotic Party said the government has mismanaged national finances, not least revenue from oil from an offshore field operated by British company Tullow that began to flow in 2010.
    (Reuters, 12/7/16)
2016        Dec 7, In Indonesia a magnitude 6.5 earthquake rocked Aceh province early today, killing more than 100 people and sparking a frantic rescue effort in the rubble of dozens of collapsed and damaged buildings.
    (AP, 12/7/16)(AP, 12/8/16)
2016        Dec 7, Iran struck a preliminary memorandum of understanding with Royal Dutch Shell to develop prospective oil fields.
    (Econ, 12/10/16, p.62)
2016        Dec 7, Iraqi army troops entered another neighborhood held by the Islamic State group in the southeastern part of Mosul. Soldiers from the 9th Division took over the hospital building in the al-Salam neighborhood.
    (AP, 12/7/16)
2016        Dec 7, Iraq's parliament speaker said an airstrike targeting the Islamic State-held town of Qaim near the Syrian border killed and wounded "dozens" of civilians, and that he is holding the Iraqi government responsible.
    (AP, 12/8/16)
2016        Dec 7, In Ireland a Dublin judge ordered Irish authorities to unfreeze 100 million euros ($107 million) in cash belonging to exiled Russian oligarch Mikhail Khodorkovsky, ruling that police had provided no evidence that the funds were illegally gained as Russia contends.
    (AP, 12/7/16)
2016        Dec 7, Italian Premier Matteo Renzi said he would resign this evening now that Parliament has approved the 2017 national budget, a step required by the nation's president before he would let the leader step down. Pres. Mattarella had asked him to stay long enough to secure passage of the budget.
    (AP, 12/7/16)(Econ, 12/10/16, p.51)
2016        Dec 7, Kazakhstan's state security service said it has detained several people suspected of stealing oil and fuel from a refinery in Aktobe and being linked to radical Islamists.
    (Reuters, 12/7/16)
2016        Dec 7, Kenya’s Pres. Uhuru Kenyatta urged medical workers to return to work saying nearly 20 people have died three days into a strike because of lack of care.
    (SFC, 12/8/16, p.A2)
2016        Dec 7, Eastern Libyan forces said they thwarted an attempted advance on some of Libya's major oil ports, hitting a rival faction with air strikes and capturing some of its commanders.
    (Reuters, 12/7/16)
2016        Dec 7, NATO’s top military officer said that about 150 Turkish officers have been recalled or retired from the alliance’s high command since Turkey’s July 15 failed coup.
    (SFC, 12/8/16, p.A2)
2016        Dec 7, Netherlands said it will gradually phase out subsidizes for renewable energy and shift its climate change strategy to areas such as energy saving and carbon capture.
    (Reuters, 12/7/16)
2016        Dec 7, In northern Pakistan a plane carrying 47 people crashed on the slope of a mountain in the Havelian area of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province. There were no survivors.
    (Reuters, 12/7/16)(AFP, 12/7/16)(AP, 12/8/16)
2016        Dec 7, The CEO of Rosneft, Russia’s state-controlled oil company, said that it had agreed to sell a 19.5 percent stake to Swiss commodities giant Glencore and Qatar's sovereign wealth fund.
    (AP, 12/8/16)
2016        Dec 7, In Somalia soldiers loyal to the government retook control of Qandala port town from insurgents who had declared allegiance to Islamic State.
    (Reuters, 12/7/16)
2016        Dec 7, In Syria rebels in Aleppo called for a five-day truce and the evacuation of civilians after losing more territory including the Old City to a Syrian army offensive. The leaders of six major Western nations called for an immediate ceasefire in Aleppo and condemned Russia and Iran for supporting the Syrian government.
    (AFP, 12/7/16)(Reuters, 12/7/16)
2016        Dec 7, Thailand’s military said Muslim separatist militants have shot dead six civilians over the last 24 hours in the southern provinces of Narathiwat and Pattani.
    (SFC, 12/8/16, p.A2)
2016        Dec 7, In northern Thailand six drug smugglers were fatally shot late today in a gunbattle when they were confronted by soldiers. 554,000 methamphetamine tablets, 30 kg (66 pounds) of heroin, 1 kg (2.2 pounds) of opium, an AK-47 assault rifle and a short-barreled rifle were seized.
    (AP, 12/9/16)
2016        Dec 7, The UN Committee against Torture called on Sri Lanka to investigate "routine torture" of detainees by security forces and rebuked its government for failing to prosecute war crimes committed during the country's 26-year conflict.
    (Reuters, 12/7/16)

2016        Dec 8, A senior US military official said North Korea now has the capability to launch a nuclear weapon, adding that while the US believes Pyongyang can mount a warhead on a missile, it's not clear that it can hit a target.
    (AP, 12/9/16)
2016        Dec 8, A US Surgeon General report said soaring use of e-cigarettes among young people is now a major public health concern.
    (SFC, 12/9/16, p.A6)
2016        Dec 8, In Alabama Ronald Bert Smith Jr. (45) was executed for killing a convenience store clerk more than two decades ago. This was the state’s 2nd execution this year. Smith heaved and coughed for 13 minutes of the 30 minute ordeal.
    (SFC, 12/9/16, p.A6)
2016        Dec 8, Arkansas’ highest court ruled that same-sex parents will not be listed on their children’s birth certificates. The ruling by a four-member majority determined that only biological parents can be listed on a child’s birth certificate.
    (CSM, 12/10/16)
2016        Dec 8, Astronaut John Glenn (95) died. He was the first American to orbit the Earth and is best known for making his three tours around the planet on February 20, 1962. Glenn was also elected US senator in Ohio and served as a lawmaker from 1974 to 1999.
    (AFP, 12/9/16)(Econ, 12/17/16, p.84)
2016        Dec 8, Ohio state lawmakers passed a bill allowing to carry concealed handguns on campus in the wake of the recent high-profile knife attack at Ohio State University. The law was sent to Gov. John Kasich’s office to await his signature.
    (Reuters, 12/9/16)
2016        Dec 8, Washington state Democratic Gov. Jay Inslee and Attorney General Bob Ferguson announced a lawsuit against agrochemical giant Monsanto over pervasive pollution from PCBs, the toxic industrial chemicals that have accumulated in plants, fish and people around the globe for decades. The company said the case "lacks merit."
    (AP, 12/9/16)
2016        Dec 8, Retailer Sears Holdings Corp reported its fifth straight quarterly loss and said there was no guarantee when it would return to profitability, underscoring its struggle to stanch a years-long decline in sales.
    (AP, 12/8/16)
2016        Dec 8, Zynga released its “Dawn of Titans" video game as a free download for Apple and Android phones.
    (http://www.dawnoftitans.com/2016/12/08/358/)(SFC, 12/12/16, p.D1)
2016        Dec 8, The International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) warned that wild giraffe numbers have plummeted by 40 percent in the last three decades, and the species is now "vulnerable" to extinction.
    (AFP, 12/8/16)
2016        Dec 8, In Azerbaijan a court in Baku sentenced youth activist Bayram Mammadov to ten years in prison on charges of heroin possession. Mammadov had pleaded not guilty Amnesty Int’l. condemned the sentence as an attempt by authorities to crush dissent.
    (SFC, 12/9/16, p.A2)
2016        Dec 8, Britain’s Committees of Advertising Practice (CAP) said junk food ads aimed at children from both print and social media will be banned from next year.
    (AFP, 12/8/16)
2016        Dec 8, Her Majesty’s Inspectorate of Constabulary reported 436 accusations of sexual abuse by police in England and Wales over two years through the end of March.
    (SFC, 12/9/16, p.A5)
2016        Dec 8, Canada’s Finance Minister Bill Morneau said that Viola Desmond will grace the front of the $10 bill when the next series goes into circulation in 2018. In 1946 she rejected racial discrimination by sitting in a whites-only section of a New Glasgow, Nova Scotia, movie theatre. She was arrested and fined.
    (AP, 12/8/16)
2016        Dec 8, The Canadian government said its air force will buy 16 Airbus C295W aircraft modified for search and rescue to replace its aging fleet, at a cost of Can $2.4 billion (USD$1.8 billion).
    (AFP, 12/8/16)
2016        Dec 8, China’s state media said China will fine anyone who spreads fake news in its western region of Xinjiang, as part of new measures to maintain stability in an area prone to ethnic unrest.
    (Reuters, 12/8/16)
2016        Dec 8, China's Fujian Grand Chip Investment Fund dropped its takeover bid for chip equipment maker Aixtron after the United States blocked the deal on security grounds, throwing the German company's future into doubt.
    (Reuters, 12/8/16)
2016        Dec 8, A Tibetan Buddhist monk set himself on fire in northwest China's Maqu region in what appeared to be the latest such radical protest against Beijing's rule. Tashi Rabten became the 145th Tibetan to self-immolate since 2009.
    (AP, 12/9/16)(AFP, 12/10/16)
2016        Dec 8, In Egypt Osama Morsi, one of ousted Islamist President Mohammed Morsi’s five children, was led away from his house in the Nile Delta. The state-run news website Al-Ahram reported the arrest, saying Osama is accused of inciting violence.
    (AP, 12/8/16)
2016        Dec 8, The European Union banned Iran's Aseman Airlines from operating within the EU due to safety concerns, in a blow to Tehran which is buying new jets to renew the country's ageing fleet following the lifting of long-term sanctions.
    (Reuters, 12/8/16)
2016        Dec 8, The European Union said it will allow Ukrainians and Georgians to visit the bloc without a visa after diplomats and lawmakers struck a deal to end an internal EU dispute that had been holding up the plan.
    (Reuters, 12/8/16)
2016        Dec 8, The European Central Bank said it will pour another half-trillion euros ($579 billion) in newly printed money into the eurozone economy to support its recovery as the currency union heads into what could be a tumultuous election year.
    (AP, 12/8/16)
2016        Dec 8, The European Union started legal action against seven countries including Germany and Britain for failing to police emissions test cheating by carmakers after the Volkswagen scandal.
    (Reuters, 12/8/16)
2016        Dec 8, Former French budget minister Jerome Cahuzac (64), whose brief in government was to crack down on tax dodgers, was sentenced to three years in prison for tax fraud and money laundering. The hidden wealth of Cahuzac and his wife Patricia Menard was estimated at 3.5 million euros ($3.8 million) in 2013, when Cahuzac was forced to resign after only 10 months in office.
    (AFP, 12/8/16)(AP, 12/8/16)
2016        Dec 8, Germany's domestic intelligence agency said Russia is trying to destabilize German society with propaganda and cyberattacks ahead of the country's general election.
    (AP, 12/8/16)
2016        Dec 8, In Greece a nationwide strike against spending cuts disrupted public transport, state-run schools, ferries and national rail services, and left public hospitals running with emergency staff.
    (AP, 12/8/16)
2016        Dec 8, A Greek court rejected Turkey's extradition request for the last two of eight Turkish servicemen who fled to Greece after a failed July military coup.
    (AP, 12/8/16)
2016        Dec 8, Human Rights Watch said the Philippines is facing one of the fastest growing epidemics of HIV in the Asia Pacific, fueled by government policies that restrict intervention, including access to condoms by men who have sex with men.
    (AP, 12/8/16)
2016        Dec 8, Doctors Without Borders said 70 severely wounded Syrians, including 16 children, have been blocked from life-saving treatment since Jordan closed its border with Syria six months ago and that some have likely died.
    (AP, 12/8/16)
2016        Dec 8, In Kashmir at least one civilian was killed and dozens of others injured in protests against Indian rule that erupted following a gunbattle between rebels and government forces.
    (AP, 12/8/16)
2016        Dec 8, South Korea's parliament introduced a bill to impeach President Park Geun-hye, setting the stage for a historic vote to oust the embattled leader engulfed in an influence-peddling scandal.
    (Reuters, 12/8/16)
2016        Dec 8, The Syrian army's advance in Aleppo slowed but a victory was still firmly in sight after President Bashar al-Assad vowed that retaking the nation's second city would change the course of the six-year civil war in his favor.
    (Reuters, 12/8/16)

2016        Dec 9, A senior US official said the CIA has concluded that Russia intervened in the 2016 election to help President-elect Donald Trump win the White House, and not just to undermine confidence in the US electoral system. The next day Trump challenged the veracity of the CIA assessment.
    (Reuters, 12/10/16)(SSFC, 12/11/16, p.A10)
2016        Dec 9, The Cherokee Nation’s attorney general legalized same-sex marriage for the tribe saying parts of a 2004 tribal law violated the Cherokee Constitution.
    (SFC, 12/13/16, p.A5)
2016        Dec 9, Human Rights Watch reported that over 1,400 migrants have been forcibly deported from Algeria this month. HRW also said Algerian authorities have deported hundreds of West African migrants to Niger this week, trucking them thousands of miles across the desert in one of the biggest roundups seen this year.
    (Reuters, 12/9/16)
2016        Dec 9, Police overseeing the sex abuse scandal in British soccer said 83 potential suspects have been identified and linked to 98 clubs. The age range of potential victims was 7 to 20 years old.
    (AP, 12/9/16)
2016        Dec 9, Canada’s PM Justin Trudeau and 11 of 13 provincial and territorial leaders announced an agreement on a national climate framework.
    (Econ, 12/17/16, p.31)
2016        Dec 9, In Egypt a bomb attack in Cairo killed six policemen and wounded another three. The recently emerged militant group called the Hasm Movement claimed responsibility. A bomb targeting a police vehicle in Kafr al-Sheikh killed a civilian and injured 3 policemen.
    (Reuters, 12/9/16)(SFC, 12/10/16, p.A4)(Econ, 12/17/16, p.43)
2016        Dec 9, In France Kazakh opposition figure Mukhtar Ablyazov was released from prison after France's highest administrative authority blocked his extradition to Russia, where he is accused of embezzling billions of dollars.
    (AFP, 12/10/16)
2016        Dec 9, Gambian President Yahya Jammeh declared he no longer accepted the results of the December 1 vote. Jammeh cited "unacceptable errors" by election authorities and called for new polls.
    (AFP, 12/10/16)
2016        Dec 9, Ghana’s election committee said the New Patriotic Party candidate, Nana Akufo-Addo, had taken 53.8 percent of the Dec 7 vote, against 44.4 percent for President John Mahama.
    (SFC, 12/10/16, p.A2)
2016        Dec 9, Hong Kong’s Beijing-backed leader Leung Chun-ying said he would step aside after his five-year term ends next June.
    (AP, 12/9/16)
2016        Dec 9, In India retired Air Marshal S.P. Tyagi, his cousin Sanjiv Tyagi and attorney Gautam Khaitan were arrested for allegedly influencing a $750 million deal with AgustaWestland for the purchase of 12 luxury helicopters to ferry Indian VIPs.
    (AP, 12/9/16)
2016        Dec 9, In Iraq separate bombings in Baghdad killed 10 people and wounded another 22.
    (AP, 12/9/16)
2016        Dec 9, A Japanese capsule blasted off from the Tanegashima Space Center with much-needed supplies for the International Space Station, a week after a Russian shipment was destroyed shortly after liftoff.
    (AP, 12/9/16)
2016        Dec 9, Kenya deployed army doctors to the country's main teaching and referral hospital where the last remaining doctors joined a five-day strike that has crippled healthcare services around the country.
    (AFP, 12/9/16)
2016        Dec 9, In Mexico the charred remains of three federal detectives were found in the bed of a burning pickup truck in the southern resort of Zihuatanejo. The remains of a 4th person were found nearby.
    (SFC, 12/10/16, p.A2)
2016        Dec 9, In Morocco 438 African migrants stormed across a border fence to enter Spain's North African enclave of Ceuta in one of the biggest crossing attempts of recent years. Some 800 had tried to make the crossing.
    (AP, 12/9/16)
2016        Dec 9, In the Netherlands police acting on a tip-off from the Dutch intelligence agency arrested a 30-year-old "terrorist" suspect and seized an arsenal of weapons in the port city of Rotterdam.
    (Reuters, 12/9/16)
2016        Dec 9, Dutch populist anti-Islam Dutch MP Geert Wilders was found guilty on of discrimination against Moroccans, but acquitted of hate speech in a closely-watched trial ahead of next year's key elections. Judges decided not to impose any sentence or fine, and Wilders immediately vowed to appeal against what he said was a bid to "neutralize" him ahead of the March polls.
    (AFP, 12/9/16)
2016        Dec 9, In Nigeria two female suicide bombers blew themselves up in the northeastern town of Madagali, killing 57 people and wounding 177.
    (Reuters, 12/9/16)(AP, 12/10/16)
2016        Dec 9, The Norwegian Refugee Council said South Sudan has expelled Victor Moses, its country director there.
    (AP, 12/9/16)
2016        Dec 9, In Peru an indigenous federation opposed to a recently approved plan for oil drilling in the Peruvian Amazon said that native communities will physically block any attempt by oil companies to operate on their lands.
    (Reuters, 12/9/16)
2016        Dec 9, Saudi Arabia told its US and European customers it would reduce oil deliveries from January, signaling it had already started implementing cuts.
    (Reuters, 12/10/16)
2016        Dec 9, A 7.8 magnitude earthquake hit the Solomon Islands. A 6.9 magnitude aftershock followed a day later.
    (Reuters, 12/10/16)
2016        Dec 9, South Korean lawmakers impeached Pres. Park Geun-hye, a stunning and swift fall for the country's first female leader amid protests that drew millions into the streets in united fury. This allowed PM Hwang Kyo-ahn to assume leadership until the Constitutional Court rules on whether Park must permanently step down.
    (AP, 12/9/16)
2016        Dec 9, Spanish police arrested 71 people for allegedly selling counterfeit goods, in the country's biggest crackdown to date against intellectual property theft and money laundering.
    (Reuters, 12/9/16)
2016        Dec 9, Syrian warplanes launched fresh raids on the last rebel-held districts in Aleppo, as key regime ally Russia vowed the assault would continue until opposition fighters left the battleground city. The UN human rights office said hundreds of men from eastern Aleppo have gone missing after leaving rebel-held areas.
    (AFP, 12/9/16)(Reuters, 12/9/16)
2016        Dec 9, The Islamic State seized more territory from Syrian government forces near the ancient city of Palmyra in fierce clashes that raged for a second day. 49 Syrian soldiers were reported killed in the IS advance near Palmyra.
    (Reuters, 12/9/16)(AP, 12/9/16)
2016        Dec 9, Turkish jets carried out air strikes against Kurdish militants in the Gara region of northern Iraq and killed 19 militants.
    (Reuters, 12/9/16)
2016        Dec 9, Venezuela’s fair pricing authority seized almost 4 million toys from toy distributor Kreisel and said it plans to hand them out to poor children this holiday season. Two company executives were detained on suspicion of promoting price speculation.
    (SSFC, 12/11/16, p.A4)

2016        Dec 10, President-elect Donald Trump moved closer to selecting ExxonMobil CEO Rex Tillerson as Sec. of State.
    (SSFC, 12/11/16, p.A12)
2016        Dec 10, Louisiana state Treasurer John Kennedy was elected to the US Senate in a runoff over Democrat Foster Campbell. This gave the GOP a 52-48 edge in the US Senate starting in January.
    (SFC, 12/12/16, p.A9)
2016        Dec 10, The Taliban said hardline cleric Mullah Haibatullah Akundzada has reinforced his position as the new leader of the Afghan Taliban by winning the support of two senior members.
    (Reuters, 12/10/16)
2016        Dec 10, In Bulgaria at least five people were killed and 29 injured when a cargo train derailed and exploded in the northeastern Bulgarian village of Hitrino, demolishing about 50 houses and public buildings.
    (Reuters, 12/10/16)
2016        Dec 10, Two Chinese filmmakers won the top awards at the Marrakesh film festival, with Zang Qiwu's "The Donor" on the controversial issue of organ transplants taking the coveted Golden Star. The best director award went to China's Wang Xuebo for "Knife in the Clear Water".
    (AFP, 12/11/16)
2016        Dec 10, In China six workers were killed after being hit by an express cargo train on the railway line connecting Beijing and the southern city of Guangzhou.
    (AP, 12/11/16)
2016        Dec 10, In France US Secretary of State John Kerry was given the Legion d'Honneur, France's highest honor, with his French counterpart calling him "the most French of American officials".
    (AFP, 12/10/16)
2016        Dec 10, Gambian President-elect Adama Barrow called on longtime leader Yahya Jammeh (51) to drop his challenge to last week's election and appealed for calm following the dramatic political U-turn.
    (AFP, 12/10/16)
2016        Dec 10, The Greek Parliament passed a budget of continued austerity. Pres. Tsipras predicted 2.7% economic growth for 2017.
    (SSFC, 12/11/16, p.A4)
2016        Dec 10, Greek ferry workers ended a nine-day strike, saying they did not wish to disrupt the holiday season, but promised to resume action if the government did not back off tax hikes for ferry workers.
    (AP, 12/10/16)
2016        Dec 10, Indonesian police safely detonated a bomb in a neighborhood on the outskirts of Jakarta after arresting a female would-be suicide bomber and other suspected Islamic militants who were planning to attack the presidential palace this weekend.
    (AP, 12/10/16)
2016        Dec 10, The Iraqi army said it took full control of two more districts of east Mosul, pushing back Islamic State militants in a slow and hard-fought advance into the city whose 1 million residents face growing shortages of fuel, water and food.
    (Reuters, 12/10/16)
2016        Dec 10, In Kenya at least 39 people died when a tanker carrying flammable materials crashed into other vehicles and burst into flames outside the town of Naivasha late today.
    (AFP, 12/11/16)(SFC, 12/12/16, p.A2)
2016        Dec 10, New Zealander Joseph Parker claimed the vacant WBO world heavyweight boxing title with a contentious majority points decision against Mexico's Andy Ruiz.
    (AP, 12/10/16)
2016        Dec 10, In southeastern Nigeria at least 160 people were killed by the collapse of the Reigners Bible church in Uyo, the capital of Akwa Ibom state, while a pastor was being consecrated as bishop in the presence of government officials. The Akwa Ibom state government later said only 23 people died in the tragedy, an apparent attempt to cover up a death toll of more than 150 when metal girders and the corrugated iron roof crashed onto a crowded service.
    (Reuters, 12/11/16)(AP, 12/11/16)(AP, 12/13/16)
2016        Dec 10, OPEC and other non-OPEC producers, including Russia, reached their first deal since 2001 to curtail oil output jointly and ease a global glut after more than two years of low prices that overstretched many budgets and spurred unrest in some countries.
    (Reuters, 12/10/16)(SSFC, 12/11/16, p.A4)
2016        Dec 10, In Pakistan gunmen shot and killed counterterrorism police Officer Riazul Islam and wounded his young son in the northwestern city of Peshawar.
    (AP, 12/10/16)
2016        Dec 10, In Somalia a car bomb killed at least two policemen when it exploded at a checkpoint near Mogadishu. Al Shabaab claimed responsibility.
    (Reuters, 12/10/16)
2016        Dec 10, Sri Lankan naval troops fired warning shots to break up a protest by striking dock workers who have held up a Japanese vessel for four days at the island's southern international port.
    (AP, 12/11/16)
2016        Dec 10, In Sweden Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos accepted the Nobel Peace Prize, saying it helped his country achieve the "impossible dream" of ending a half-century-long civil war.
    (AP, 12/10/16)
2016        Dec 10, Syria's military and Russian warplanes bombarded rebel-held districts of Aleppo as Damascus's allies said victory was near, but insurgents fought back and army advances halted after rapid gains during the week. Hundreds more civilians fled what remained of the opposition's enclave in Aleppo.
    (Reuters, 12/10/16)(AP, 12/10/16)
2016        Dec 10, Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), a US-backed Arab-Kurdish alliance, announced "phase two" of its campaign for the Islamic State group's bastion of Raqa as Washington said it was sending 200 more troops to back the offensive.
    (AFP, 12/10/16)
2016        Dec 10, Turkey said its warplanes have destroyed 39 Islamic State targets and killed four militants in northern Syria.
    (Reuters, 12/10/16)
2016        Dec 10, In Turkey twin bombings killed at least 44 people and wounded 155 outside an Istanbul soccer stadium. The Kurdistan Freedom Hawks (TAK) soon claimed responsibility and the Turkish government vowed vengeance.
    (Reuters, 12/11/16)(Reuters, 12/12/16)
2016        Dec 10, In Yemen a suicide bomber killed 48 and wounded 29 others as hundreds of troops had gathered to collect their monthly pay at a barracks in Al-Sawlaban near Aden's international airport. The Islamic State group claimed responsibility.
    (Reuters, 12/10/16)(AFP, 12/11/16)

2016        Dec 11, US President-elect Donald Trump said the United States did not necessarily have to stick to its long-standing position that Taiwan is part of "one China," questioning nearly four decades of policy in a move likely to antagonize Beijing.
    (Reuters, 12/12/16)
2016        Dec 11, In Brazil Yuri Lourenco da Silva (19), the son of singer Tati Quebra Barraco, was killed along with and another man in a police operation early today in the City of God slum.
    (AP, 12/11/16)
2016        Dec 11, In Egypt a suicide bombing at the Saint Peter and Saint Paul Church next to St Mark's Cathedral, Cairo's largest Coptic cathedral, killed 25 people and wounded 49, many of them women and children attending Sunday mass. Islamic State supporters celebrated the attack on social media. The suicide bomber was identified as Mahmoud Shafik Mohamed Mostafa (22). Four people suspected of involvement were soon arrested. The death toll soon rose to 27.
    (Reuters, 12/11/16)(AFP, 12/12/16)(SFC, 12/13/16, p.A3)(AP, 12/20/16)
2016        Dec 11, In India police arrested moviegoer S. Viji in Chennai for failing to stand during the playing of the national anthem.
    (SFC, 12/13/16, p.A2)
2016        Dec 11, In India a helicopter crashed and caught fire in Mumbai, killing the pilot and injuring three passengers. The Robinson R-44 helicopter belonged to Aman Aviation, a company that offers aerial viewing of the city.
    (AP, 12/11/16)
2016        Dec 11, Iran's flag carrier finalized a major deal with US plane maker Boeing Co. to buy $16.6 billion worth of passenger planes in one of the most tangible benefits yet for the Islamic Republic from last year's landmark nuclear agreement.
    (AP, 12/11/16)
2016        Dec 11, Italian Foreign Minister Paolo Gentiloni was tapped to form a new, Democrat-led government and end a political crisis so the country can quickly tackle pressing problems.
    (AP, 12/11/16)
2016        Dec 11, Tokyo held a groundbreaking ceremony for a $1.5 billion National Stadium to host the 2020 Olympic Games.
    (AP, 12/11/16)
2016        Dec 11, Kuwait's emir told a new parliament that cutting public spending has become inevitable because of the sharp drop in oil prices. Candidates who opposed planned public sector wage restraint and other price hikes won nearly half of the seats in the 50-member National Assembly last month.
    (Reuters, 12/11/16)
2016        Dec 11, Kyrgyzstan voters cast ballots in a constitutional referendum that includes amendments that boost the power of prime minister — something opposition groups have criticized in the ex-Soviet Central Asian nation.
    (AP, 12/11/16)
2016        Dec 11, Macedonians voted in a general election called two years early as part of a Western-brokered agreement to end a paralyzing political crisis. Former conservative PM Nikola Gruevski, who had headed the government since 2006, sought a new mandate. His VMRO-DPMNE party led a 25-party coalition called "For a Better Macedonia." Main opponent Zoran Zaev headed a left-leaning coalition called "For Life in Macedonia." Neither party won enough seats to form a government. Gruevski, his former transport minister and twelve others have been charged over violence during a 2013 demonstration.
    (AP, 12/11/16)(AP, 12/12/16)(SFC, 12/17/16, p.A2)
2016        Dec 11, In Nigeria two girl suicide bombers died when they exploded in a crowded area near a market in the northeastern city of Maiduguri, injuring 17 people.
    (AP, 12/11/16)
2016        Dec 11, Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte said that he has decided to accept an arms deal being offered by China under concessional terms, in the latest sign of cozying relations between the once-hostile neighbors.
    (AP, 12/11/16)
2016        Dec 11, Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte rejected a demand by Maoist-led rebels to free more prisoners as part of a ceasefire deal, saying he had made enough concessions and was willing to let peace talks collapse if necessary. Three Filipino soldiers were killed and 17 others wounded in nearly two hours of fighting with about 150 Abu Sayyaf Muslim militants in the south.
    (Reuters, 12/11/16)(AP, 12/11/16)
2016        Dec 11, Romanians voted in parliamentary elections that are forecast to see the corruption-tainted left stage a remarkable comeback, a year after a deadly nightclub fire forced them from office. Romania's leftist Social Democrat Party (PSD) won 46% of the vote and the most seats in both houses of parliament for a combined 221 deputies and senators.
    (AFP, 12/11/16)(AP, 12/12/16)(Reuters, 12/15/16)(Econ, 12/17/16, p.46)
2016        Dec 11, In Serbia several hundred members of the police and army staged a protest complaining of low wages and poor living standards. The gathering was the second in two weeks.
    (AP, 12/11/16)
2016        Dec 11, In Somalia more than 20 people were killed in a suicide truck bombing in Mogadishu, in a fresh strike claimed by the Al-Qaeda-linked Shabaab group.
    (AFP, 12/11/16)
2016        Dec 11, In Switzerland the 35-mile Gotthard base tunnel, the world’s longest tunnel, opened for daily service.
    (CSM, 12/12/16)
2016        Dec 11, The Syrian army and its allies made new gains in Aleppo, forcing rebels back into an ever shrinking pocket crammed with civilians, but lost control of the desert city of Palmyra to a swift Islamic State attack. Syria's state news agency said at least 4,000 people fled Aleppo today. The state TV channel said more than 70,000 of eastern Aleppo's estimated 275,000 residents have fled in recent days.
    (Reuters, 12/11/16)(AP, 12/11/16)
2016        Dec 11, Venezuela’s Pres. Maduro announced that the government would pull from circulation its 100-bolivar bill, the country’s largest-denominated. It was only worth 3 US cents at the black market rate. They will eventually be replaced with new ones in denominations as high as 20,000 bolivars.
    (SFC, 12/13/16, p.A2)(Econ, 12/17/16, p.69)

2016        Dec 12, The US government sanctioned two senior Democratic Republic of Congo officials for human rights violations and targeting the opposition, a week before the president's mandate is set to end. The US Treasury announced it was targeting Deputy PM Evariste Boshab, also the nation's interior and security minister, and Kalev Mutondo, head of the national intelligence agency.
    (AFP, 12/12/16)(Econ, 12/24/16, p.74)
2016        Dec 12, The US Supreme Court upheld the broad reach of a federal law prohibiting bank fraud, a ruling that gives the government more leeway to prosecute financial crimes. The unanimous came in the case of a California man who illegally siphoned about $307,000 out of a Taiwanese businessman's Bank of America bank account.
    (AP, 12/12/16)
2016        Dec 12, In Castro Valley, Ca. Andrea St. John (59) was stabbed to death and her home set on fire following a robbery. On May 2 Luckie Dacany (36) of Stockton confessed to her killing while under custody for stealing a vehicle and alleged child molestation.
    (SFC, 5/9/17, p.C2)
2016        Dec 12, FlightAware said 190 US flights were canceled today after 1,800 were grounded a day earlier, mostly at Chicago's two main airports.
    (Reuters, 12/12/16)
2016        Dec 12, In New Jersey Adele Dunlap, the oldest person in America, turned 114.
    (SFC, 12/14/16, p.A5)
2016        Dec 12, In Tennessee an early morning fire killed 4 children in Springfield.
    (SFC, 12/13/16, p.A5)
2016        Dec 12, British PM Theresa May introduced an official definition for anti-Semitism in hopes of curbing attacks against Jewish people. The definition states that "Anti-Semitism is a certain perception of Jews, which may be expressed as hatred toward Jews. Rhetorical and physical manifestations of anti-Semitism are directed toward Jewish or non-Jewish individuals and/or their property, toward Jewish community institutions and religious facilities."
    (AP, 12/12/16)
2016        Dec 12, Britain jailed Mohammed Ali Ahmed (27) and Zakaria Boufassil (26) for up to eight years for giving money to Brussels and Paris terror attacks suspect Mohamed Abrini when he visited Britain last year.
    (AFP, 12/12/16)
2016        Dec 12, British and Greek authorities said they have dismantled an international ring suspected of smuggling hundreds of migrants to Britain and other European countries using falsified travel documents. 24 suspects were arrested last week in the Athens area, and another nine in Glasgow, Northampton and Manchester in Britain.
    (AP, 12/12/16)
2016        Dec 12, A London judge sentenced Stefano Brizzi, a crystal meth addict, to life in prison with at least 24 years to serve for killing police officer Gordon Semple (59) during a bondage sex session and then attempting to cook and eat his body parts. Semple was last seen on 1 April and his dissolving body was found in an acid bath.
    (AP, 12/12/16)
2016        Dec 12, China expressed "serious concern" after US President-elect Donald Trump said the United States did not necessarily have to stick to its long-held stance that Taiwan is part of "one China", calling it the basis for relations.
    (Reuters, 12/12/16)
2016        Dec 12, In CongoDRC the Union for Peace in Central African Republic (UPC) rebels killed at least 32 civilians in the town of Bakala, where they had been fighting the Popular Front for the Renaissance of Central African Republic (FPRC).
    (Reuters, 2/16/17)
2016        Dec 12, It was reported that Google is installing multiple servers in Cuba that will host much of the company's most popular content.
    (AP, 12/12/16)
2016        Dec 12, The European Union imposed sanctions on seven Congolese officials it says illegally suppressed anti-government protests in September, when dozens of demonstrators were killed.
    (Reuters, 12/12/16)
2016        Dec 12, French police hunted for four men suspected of stealing gold dust worth an estimated 1.5 million euros from an armored truck before setting cars ablaze near a major highway and fleeing.
    (AP, 12/12/16)
2016        Dec 12, Hong Kong’s Independent Commission Against Corruption (ICAC) said 29 current and former staff of five financial firms, including four banks, have been arrested for alleged bribery related to the disclosure of confidential customer information.
    (Reuters, 12/12/16)
2016        Dec 12, A cyclone barreled into the southeast coast of India, killing at least four people and bringing down trees and power lines as authorities moved tens of thousands of people from low-lying areas.
    (Reuters, 12/12/16)
2016        Dec 12, Italian energy company Eni said it would sell a 30 percent stake in an offshore Egyptian gas field to Rosneft. The Russian company will pay $1.125 billion for the holding in the Shorouk concession, which contains the giant Zohr gas field, and $450 million to cover past expenditures on the project.
    (AP, 12/12/16)
2016        Dec 12, The International Monetary Fund approved two loans totaling $658.9 million for the Ivory Coast, while welcoming recent economic and financial reforms made by the country.
    (AFP, 12/13/16)
2016        Dec 12, In New Zealand PM John Key stepped down. Key, a former currency trader, had lowered income tax rates, trimmed the national debt to 25% of GDP and partially privatized a batch of state utilities. The conservative caucus of Parliament chose Bill English (54) as the next prime minister.
    (Econ, 12/10/16, p.42)(SFC, 12/12/16, p.A2)
2016        Dec 12, In Pakistan thousands of Sunni Muslims marking the Prophet Muhammad's birthday attacked a mosque outside Islamabad belonging to the Ahmadi religious minority, wounding several people.
    (AP, 12/12/16)
2016        Dec 12, Pres. Rodrigo Duterte of the Philippines boasted about having personally killed criminal suspects when he was mayor of Davao City.
    (SFC, 12/15/16, p.A3)
2016        Dec 12, Philippine Vice President Leni Robredo said she was determined to lead a campaign against President Rodrigo Duterte's deadly war on drugs and did not believe his assurances there was no plot to oust her.
    (Reuters, 12/12/16)
2016        Dec 12, The Qatari government vowed that labor law reforms to make it easier for migrant workers to change jobs and leave the country would bring "tangible benefits" and urged patience from critics who say the proposed changes are inadequate.
    (Reuters, 12/12/16)
2016        Dec 12, Police in the Saudi capital said they had arrested a woman for taking off her veil in public and posting pictures of her daring action on Twitter. Several websites identified her as Malak al-Shehri, who triggered a huge backlash on social media after posing without the hijab in a main Riyadh street last month.
    (AFP, 12/12/16)
2016        Dec 12, A Syrian military official in Aleppo said the "operation in eastern neighborhoods is entering its final phase", as fierce clashes were reported in the few districts still under rebel control.
    (AFP, 12/12/16)
2016        Dec 12, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said there had been a suspected gas attack in Islamic State-held territory near Palmyra, amid heavy aerial bombardment of the same area which together killed at least 53 people.
    (Reuters, 12/12/16)
2016        Dec 12, Turkey detained over 200 people including dozens of officials from pro-Kurdish parties and struck Kurdish militants in Iraq in response to this weekend's twin bombings claimed by a radical Kurd separatist group.
    (AFP, 12/12/16)
2016        Dec 12, Venezuelans rushed to spend their 100-bolivar notes after President Nicolas Maduro's announcement they will be taken out of circulation to stop the contraband smuggling "mafias" along the Colombian border that he says hoard cash outside the country. An estimated third of Venezuelans have no bank account and keep their savings in the soon-to-be-worthless bills.
    (AP, 12/12/16)

2016        Dec 13, Pres. Obama signed the 21st Century Cures Act, legislation that makes new investments in cancer research and battling drug abuse.
    (SFC, 12/14/16, p.A6)
2016        Dec 13, A US official said the Obama government is terminating some sales of military arms to Saudi Arabia over concerns about the killing of civilians in Yemen by a Saudi-led coalition.
    (SFC, 12/14/16, p.A2)
2016        Dec 13, President-elect Donald Trump announced he has picked Exxon Mobil CEO Rex Tillerson to be secretary of state, calling the oil executive with close to ties to Russia one of the most accomplished "international dealmakers in the world." Trump chose former Texas Governor Rick Perry to head the US Department of Energy.
    (AP, 12/13/16)(Reuters, 12/13/16)
2016        Dec 13, General Motors delivered the first of its eagerly awaited Chevy Bolt electric hatchbacks to three customers gathered at a Fremont, Ca., dealership, less than two miles from the Tesla Motors factory.
    (SFC, 12/14/16, p.C1)
2016        Dec 13, St. Louis-based Monsanto Co. shareholders overwhelmingly approved a $57 billion merger with Bayer AG, a deal that would combine two of the world's biggest agricultural companies.
    (AP, 12/13/16)
2016        Dec 13, Ohio Gov. John Kasich vetoed a controversial bill that would have made the state’s abortion rules some of the strictest in the nation, opting instead to place a smaller, albeit significant, restriction on the practice.
    (CSM, 12/14/16)
2016        Dec 13, Alan Thicke, TV host, writer, composer and actor, died in Los Angeles. He was best known for his role in the TV series “Growing Pains" (1985-1992). He composed the theme songs for the popular TV shows “The Wheel of Fortune," “The Facts of Life," and Diff’rent Strokes."
    (SFC, 12/14/16, p.A5)
2016        Dec 13, E.R. Braithwaite (b.1912), the author of “To Sir With Love" (1959), died in Rockville, Md. A film based on the book was released in 1967.
    (SFC, 12/14/16, p.D12)
2016        Dec 13, In Afghanistan Ahmad Ishchi (63), a political rival of VP Abdul Rashid Dostum, said that he had been tortured and raped with an assault rifle over five days after being abducted by Dostum last month.
    (SFC, 12/14/16, p.A4)
2016        Dec 13, Colombia's FARC rebels said they have expelled five commanders for refusing to demobilize and join a peace process with the government aimed at ending more than five decades of war.
    (Reuters, 12/14/16)
2016        Dec 13, In France the Eiffel Tower, normally open every single day of the year, closed because of a strike over salaries and working conditions.
    (AP, 12/13/16)
2016        Dec 13, African leaders urged Gambia's long-ruling President Yahya Jammeh to respect the will of the people and step down following his defeat in an election.
    (Reuters, 12/13/16)
2016        Dec 13, In Germany James Anthony Oliver Corry (47), a British citizen, was arrested at Frankfurt airport after being deported from Ireland. Prosecutors said that Corry was part of an IRA unit that fired three mortar shells onto the grounds of the Quebec Barracks in Osnabrueck on June 28, 1996. Buildings were damaged but no one was injured.
    (AP, 12/15/16)
2016        Dec 13, Guyana says it will expand a jungle prison to house violent convicts and ease overcrowding at a city prison where 17 inmates died in riots earlier this year.
    (AP, 12/13/16)
2016        Dec 13, Iran ordered its scientists to start developing systems for nuclear-powered marine vessels in response to what it calls a US violation of its landmark 2015 atomic deal with world powers. This marked Tehran's first concrete reaction to a decision by the US Congress last month to extend some sanctions on Tehran that would also make it easier to reimpose others lifted under the nuclear pact.
    (Reuters, 12/13/16)
2016        Dec 13, Italy convicted Mohammed Ali Malek (28), a Tunisian man accused of being the captain of a migrant boat that sank on April 18, 2015, killing almost 700 people. He was found guilty of multiple manslaughter and people-smuggling and sentenced to 18 years in jail. The court also sentenced Syrian Mahmud Bikhit (26) to five years in prison on charges of people-smuggling. Survivors said Bikhit had been Malek's cabin boy.
    (Reuters, 12/13/16)
2016        Dec 13, Italy's largest bank, UniCredit, said it will unload 17.7 billion euros ($18.8 billion) in soured loans, raise billions in new money and shed thousands of jobs as it seeks to re-launch the company under new management.
    (AP, 12/13/16)
2016        Dec 13, Kazakhstan and Israel signed agreements on cooperation in scientific research, civil aviation, medicine and agriculture following talks between Kazakh President Nursultan Nazarbayev visiting PM Benjamin Netanyahu. They also agreed to work more closely together in fighting terrorism.
    (AP, 12/14/16)
2016        Dec 13, Malaysia and Singapore signed an agreement to build a high-speed railway that would cut travel time between Kuala Lumpur and the city-state to just 90 minutes by 2026.
    (AP, 12/13/16)
2016        Dec 13, Mexico’s National Statistics Institute released a study saying about 58 percent of jobs in Mexico are in the informal sector including categories such as unregistered vendors, artisans and domestic workers.
    (AP, 12/13/16)
2016        Dec 13, Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte arrived on a state visit to Cambodia, where a meeting with PM Hun Sen will witness the signing of memoranda of understanding on cooperation in sports and combating transnational crime.
    (AP, 12/13/16)
2016        Dec 13, Romania's Pres. Klaus Iohannis reiterated his refusal to appoint a prime minister with legal problems, in an apparent swipe at convicted Social Democrat leader Liviu Dragnea whose party scored a resounding election win on the weekend. Dragnea is serving a suspended jail sentence for electoral fraud, which in theory under Romanian law bars him from office.
    (AFP, 12/13/16)
2016        Dec 13, Russian opposition leader Alexei Navalny (40) announced he would run for president in 2018 after a court victory allowed the outspoken Kremlin critic to be a candidate.
    (AFP, 12/13/16)
2016        Dec 13, Tanzania's president, John Magufuli, vowed to root out corruption in his ruling party, threatening "no mercy" for anyone giving or taking bribes.
    (Reuters, 12/14/16)
2016        Dec 13, Tanzania arrested Maxence Melo Mubyazi, the co-founder of a website where people can post comments on officials they believe are corrupt. On Dec 16 Mubyazi was charged with offences including obstructing a police investigation.
    (Reuters, 12/16/16)
2016        Dec 13, Turkish police detained two female pro-Kurdish lawmakers as a crackdown intensified after a deadly Istanbul bombing that raised questions about Ankara's strategy in fighting separatist militants. Turkey's Interior Ministry said 568 people have been detained on account of their alleged affiliation with the PKK.
    (AFP, 12/13/16)(AP, 12/13/16)
2016        Dec 13, Rheal LeBlanc, head of UN press and external relations, said the appointment of Wonder Woman as an honorary ambassador for the Empowerment of Woman and Girls would end this week, a move that come less than two months after a splashy ceremony at the UN.
    (AP, 12/13/16)
2016        Dec 13, The UN said Syrian pro-government forces executed 82 civilians in Aleppo including women and children as the crucial battle for the city neared its end.
    (AP, 12/13/16)

2016        Dec 14, President-elect Donald Trump announced that he would choose former Texas governor Rick Perry to head the Department of Energy, calling him "one of the most successful governors in modern history".
    (CSM, 12/14/16)
2016        Dec 14, US and Polish defense officials said the United States has decided to accelerate the deployment of troops to Poland, the Baltic states and Romania as part of raising the security of the region.
    (AP, 12/14/16)
2016        Dec 14, A US think tank, citing new satellite imagery, reported that China appears to have installed weapons, including anti-aircraft and anti-missile systems, on all seven of the artificial islands it has built in the South China Sea.
    (Reuters, 12/14/16)
2016        Dec 14, The US Federal Reserve raised its benchmark rate by a quarter point to the range of 0.5% to 0.75%, its 2nd raise in the past decade.
    (SFC, 12/15/16, p.C4)
2016        Dec 14, Joshua Samuel Aaron (32), implicated in the theft of details of more than 100 million American bank accounts, was arrested in New York after being extradited from Russia. He had moved to Russia in early 2015.
    (SFC, 12/16/16, p.A2)
2016        Dec 14, California regulators approved the nation’s first energy-efficiency standards for computers.
    (SFC, 12/15/16, p.A1)
2016        Dec 14, Harold Gilliam (98), environmental journalist, died in San Francisco. His 1962 book “Island in Time" played an important role in the creation of the Point Reyes National Seashore.
    (SSFC, 12/18/16, p.C13)
2016        Dec 14, Alaska Airlines completed its purchase of Virgin America.
    (SFC, 12/15/16, p.C1)
2016        Dec 14, Lucid Motors of Menlo Park, Ca., unveiled a prototype, luxury electric sedan in a ceremony at the company’s Fremont workshop. The car has been designed to challenge Tesla’s Model S.
    (SFC, 12/15/16, p.C1)
2016        Dec 14, Bosnia’s office for expatriate affairs said Bosnia will expel more than 300 foreigners, most from the Gulf, as illegal residents after they bought property for investment on which they may have evaded taxes.
    (Reuters, 12/14/16)
2016        Dec 14, In Brazil Cardinal Paulo Evaristo Arns (95) died after a long struggle with lung and kidney problems. Arns, archbishop of Sao Paulo between 1970 and 1998, was one of the Catholic Church's most prominent pro-democracy voices in Latin America.
    (AP, 12/14/16)
2016        Dec 14, The Unite union said thousands of cabin crew working for British Airways have voted overwhelmingly in favor of strike action in a pay dispute and could walk out after Dec 21.
    (Reuters, 12/14/16)
2016        Dec 14, A court in eastern China sentenced Yang Weize, the former Communist Party chief of the major city of Nanjing, to 12-1/2 years in jail, after finding him guilty of corruption.
    (Reuters, 12/14/16)
2016        Dec 14, China said it will seek the extradition of more than 200 of its citizens arrested in Spain in a crackdown on gangs that ran call centers that swindled 16 million euros ($17 million) from compatriots at home.
    (AP, 12/14/16)
2016        Dec 14, A Chinese official warned the government could slap a penalty on an unnamed US automaker for monopolistic behavior sending shares downward of US automakers General Motors Co and Ford Motor Co.
    (Reuters, 12/14/16)
2016        Dec 14, The Czech Republic's defense minister said the country's military has decided to purchase Israeli-made radars for its military. The army will pay 2.9 billion koruna ($114 million) for a total of eight ELM 2084 MMR radars made by the Israeli state-run IAI Elta company.
    (AP, 12/14/16)
2016        Dec 14, In Ecuador indigenous Shuar protesters attacked the Chinese owned Exploracobres copper mine leaving at least one police officer dead.
    (SFC, 12/16/16, p.A2)
2016        Dec 14, An Egyptian judicial official said authorities have ordered the assets frozen of the chief of a media company that releases two daily newspapers including the English-language Daily News, over allegations of belonging to the now-outlawed Muslim Brotherhood.
    (AP, 12/14/16)
2016        Dec 14, Euro zone lenders put on hold the implementation of a short-term debt relief deal for Greece after the Greek government proposed to make a one-off payout to pensioners in December.
    (Reuters, 12/14/16)
2016        Dec 14, Two Finnish journalists quit public broadcaster Yleisradio (YLE), saying the company had suppressed critical reporting on politicians including PM Juha Sipila.
    (Reuters, 12/14/16)
2016        Dec 14, French police detained dozens of Greenpeace protesters who were blocking the Paris headquarters of EDF, the public electricity company that operates the nuclear power plants in France.
    (AP, 12/14/16)
2016        Dec 14, In East Jerusalem a Palestinian youth wielding a screwdriver stabbed and lightly wounded two Israeli police officers before being shot and killed.
    (AP, 12/14/16)
2016        Dec 14, Italian PM Paolo Gentiloni won the backing of the fragmented Senate, allowing his government to formally take office as a new threat emerged to the legacy of predecessor Matteo Renzi.
    (Reuters, 12/14/16)
2016        Dec 14, The defense ministers of Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia renewed their call for a strong US engagement in the Baltic region amid concerns over the attitude of the incoming Trump administration.
    (Reuters, 12/14/16)
2016        Dec 14, Montenegro's defense minister said the small Balkan country will decide whether to join NATO in a parliamentary vote and not a popular referendum as sought by the opposition and Russia.
    (AP, 12/14/16)
2016        Dec 14, A Dutch court ruled that a priceless collection of gold artifacts from Crimea that was on loan to a Dutch museum when Russia seized the peninsula must be returned to Ukraine and not Crimea.
    (Reuters, 12/14/16)
2016        Dec 14, Pakistan's military said it has successfully test-fired a revised version of a locally developed medium-range cruise missile, which can strike targets both on land and sea.
    (AP, 12/14/16)
2016        Dec 14, A Palestinian court sentenced in absentia Mohammed Dahlan, a political foe of President Mahmoud Abbas, to three years in prison for allegedly embezzling $16 million as a Cabinet minister. Dahlan has lived in exile since falling out with Abbas in 2010.
    (AP, 12/14/16)
2016        Dec 14, Tens of thousands of Palestinians rallied in Gaza on the 29th anniversary of the founding of the militant Islamist group Hamas.
    (SFC, 12/15/16, p.A3)
2016        Dec 14, Spain's Constitutional Court blocked a resolution by the Catalan parliament to hold an independence referendum next September.
    (Reuters, 12/14/16)
2016        Dec 14, In Syria a cease-fire deal between rebels and the government in the city of Aleppo effectively collapsed, with fighter jets resuming deadly air raids over the opposition's densely crowded enclave in the east of the city.
    (AP, 12/14/16)
2016        Dec 14, The UN said that Islamic State extremists have destroyed the ancient site of Nimrud in Iraq almost beyond recognition.
    (SFC, 12/15/16, p.A2)
2016        Dec 14, A team of UN investigators said South Sudan is "on the brink of an all-out ethnic civil war which could destabilize the entire region".
    (AP, 12/14/16)
2016        Dec 14, The leader of Yemen's rebel Huthi government accused Britain of war crimes by supplying weapons that Saudi-led forces were using to "bomb the people".
    (AFP, 12/14/16)

2016        Dec 15, President Barack Obama promised that the US will retaliate against Russia for its suspected meddling in America's election process, an accusation the Kremlin has vehemently denied.
    (AP, 12/16/16)
2016        Dec 15, The Obama administration launched its 15th challenge against Beijing at the Word Trade Organization, escalating a long-simmering debate over practices that US officials say limit American farmers' ability to export rice, wheat and corn to the Asian powerhouse.
    (AP, 12/15/16)
2016        Dec 15, The US said it had deferred giving economic aid to the Philippines because of concerns about the rule of law as the brutal campaign on drugs under Pres. Rodrigo Duterte continues.
    (SFC, 12/16/16, p.A5)
2016        Dec 15, The attorneys general in 20 US states accused six generic pharmaceutical companies of a scheme to artificially inflate the prices of an antibiotic and a diabetes drug.
    (SFC, 12/16/16, p.C1)
2016        Dec 15, California regulators approved 7,500 PG&E car-charging stations at a cost estimated at $130 million.
    (SFC, 12/16/16, p.C1)
2016        Dec 15, Former Chicago street gang member and death row inmate Nathan Fields was awarded $22 million by a federal jury in a civil trial. He had been convicted in 1986 of killing two rival gang members in 1984, but claimed two city police officers had framed him. Fields was released in 2003 and acquitted in 2009.
    (SFC, 12/16/16, p.A9)
2016        Dec 15, In South Carolina Dylann Roof (22) was convicted in the slaughter of nine black church members on June 17, 2015, at Charleston’s Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church.
    (SFC, 12/16/16, p.A10)
2016        Dec 15, In Azerbaijan a 490-foot section of a walkway fell into the Caspian Sea under heavy winds sweeping away 10 offshore oil workers.
    (SFC, 12/16/16, p.A2)
2016        Dec 15, Brazilian federal prosecutors charged former President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva with more corruption charges tied to the massive probe into graft at state-run oil company Petrobras.
    (Reuters, 12/15/16)
2016        Dec 15, Britain’s fertility regulator approved controversial techniques allowing doctors to create babies using DNA from three people. The techniques were developed to help prevent some children from inheriting potentially fatal diseases from their mothers.
    (SFC, 12/16/16, p.A6)
2016        Dec 15, Canada, once the world's top producer of asbestos, said it will ban the material starting in 2018. The heat-resistant fibrous mineral that is woven into building and other materials has been found to cause cancer.
    (AFP, 12/15/16)
2016        Dec 15, A Chinese naval vessel seized an American underwater drone about 50 nautical miles northwest of Subic Bay off the Philippines just as the USNS Bowditch was about to retrieve the unmanned underwater vehicle (UUV). The United States said the drone was operating lawfully. On Dec 17 China's Defense Ministry said it had been in talks with the United States about returning the drone.
    (Reuters, 12/17/16)
2016        Dec 15, Congo DRC internet providers said authorities have ordered that social networks including Facebook and WhatsApp be blocked as of 11:59 PM Dec 18, before President Joseph Kabila's mandate expires on Dec 20.
    (AFP, 12/15/16)
2016        Dec 15, Bloomberg News agency reported that President Joseph Kabila and his family in the Democratic Republic of Congo have created a personal economic empire worth hundreds of millions of dollars.
    (AFP, 12/15/16)
2016        Dec 15, Europe's Galileo satnav system went live after 17 years, numerous setbacks and three times over budget, promising to outperform rivals and guarantee regional self-reliance.
    (AFP, 12/15/16)
2016        Dec 15, The European Union offered 610 million euros ($635 million) to Niger on for keeping a lid on migration from Africa through the Mediterranean to Europe.
    (Reuters, 12/15/16)
2016        Dec 15, European Union diplomats said Israel demolished 866 structures in 2016, leaving 1,221 Palestinians homeless, almost half of them children.
    (AP, 12/15/16)
2016        Dec 15, In Israel residents of the Amona outpost, a wildcat Jewish settlement in the occupied West Bank, rejected a proposal to leave voluntarily. Some 40 families were under a High Court order to be evacuated by December 25 since the settlement was found to have been built on private Palestinian land.
    (AFP, 12/15/16)
2016        Dec 15, Japan and Russia agreed at a hot spring resort in southwest Japan to revive security talks and start discussing economic cooperation on disputed islands at the core of a row that has kept them from signing a peace treaty formally ending WWII.
    (Reuters, 12/15/16)
2016        Dec 15, Nintendo of Japan released “Super Mario Run," its latest video game.
    (Econ, 12/24/16, p.69)
2016        Dec 15, A Kosovo court sentenced two former culture ministers and two movie producers for misusing public funds by signing contracts for movies that never got made.
    (AP, 12/15/16)
2016        Dec 15, Malawi launched Africa's first drone-testing corridor as developing countries explore how drones could be used during humanitarian crises such as floods, or to deliver blood for HIV tests.
    (AFP, 12/15/16)
2016        Dec 15, Serbia's PM Aleksandar Vucic said Russia will arm Serbia with fighter jets to boost its defenses amid a row with neighboring Croatia, a member of NATO.
    (AP, 12/15/16)
2016        Dec 15, In Somalia a bomb blast killed five soldiers and injured a dozen other people in Mogadishu, hours after a car bombing at a checkpoint. Al Shabaab militants claimed the attack on the soldiers.
    (Reuters, 12/15/16)
2016        Dec 15, President Bashar al-Assad congratulated Syrians on the "liberation" of Aleppo, as civilians and fighters evacuated the last rebel pocket of the city.
    (AFP, 12/15/16)
2016        Dec 15, In Syria US-led coalition aircraft destroyed heavy weaponry seized by Islamic State jihadists when they retook the city of Palmyra from regime forces over the weekend.
    (AFP, 12/16/16)
2016        Dec 15, Mohammed Alzoari (49) was found gunned down in his car near his home in Sfax, Tunisia. He had joined the military wing of Hamas in 2006 and led the development of its drones. Hamas accused Israel of assassinating him.
    (AP, 12/18/16)

2016        Dec 16, President-elect Donald Trump announced that he will nominate attorney David Friedman as US ambassador to Israel, selecting an envoy who supports Israeli settlements and other changes to US policies in the region. Friedman already headed a settlement fundraising organization.
    (AP, 12/16/16)(Econ, 1/28/17, p.41)
2016        Dec 16, North Carolina Republican stripped incoming Democratic Gov. Roy Cooper of some of his authority and were on the cusp of an even greater power grab.
    (SFC, 12/17/16, p.A8)
2016        Dec 16, A blast of Arctic air hammered the northeastern United States, bringing Boston the coldest temperatures for this day in more than a century, prompting schools closings and officials to warn residents to cover up or stay indoors.
    (Reuters, 12/16/16)
2016        Dec 16, The British Home Office said that National Action, a neo-Nazi organization that praised the murderer of lawmaker Jo Cox, has become the first far-right group in Britain to be banned as a terrorist organization.
    (Reuters, 12/16/16)
2016        Dec 16, A London jury found Ralph Clarke (101) guilty of 21 counts of indecency and indecent assault on two girls in the 1970s and '80s. The former truck driver had admitted nine other charges against a boy. On Dec 19 Clarke was sentenced to thirteen years in jail.
    (AP, 12/16/16)(AP, 12/19/16)
2016        Dec 16, In England an estimated 600 inmates seized control and launched a destructive rampage at HMP Birmingham. Ordered was restored the next day.
    (AP, 12/17/16)
2016        Dec 16, In northern Burkina Faso at least 12 soldiers were killed after dozens of Islamic extremists attacked an army barracks in Nassoumbou.
    (AP, 12/16/16)
2016        Dec 16, Cambodian authorities found 1.3 metric tons of ivory, 10 cheetah skulls and 82 kg (180 pounds) of cheetah bones, and 137 kg (301 pounds) of pangolin scales concealed in three containers shipped from Mozambique.
    (AP, 12/22/16)
2016        Dec 16, In Canada police in Montreal raided six cannabis shops one day after they opened, following a warning by PM Justin Trudeau that the government is still at least one year away from legalizing pot use.
    (AFP, 12/17/16)
2016        Dec 16, China enacted a five-day smog red alert for Beijing and other northern cities banning half of all vehicles from city streets and ordering factories, schools and construction sites closed.
    (SSFC, 12/18/16, p.A4)
2016        Dec 16, Chinese officials said US assertions that China is the top source of the synthetic opioids that have killed thousands of drug users in the US and Canada are unsubstantiated.
    (AP, 12/19/16)
2016        Dec 16, The Dubai Parks & Resorts project after it formally opened. The park includes a Legoland, a Bollywood-themed park, a movie-themed Motiongate park, a hotel and a shopping district, a project estimated to be worth over $3 billion.
    (AP, 12/18/16)
2016        Dec 16, In France an elderly electrician and his wife were convicted of illicitly procuring hundreds of Picasso artworks that they kept for almost 40 years in the garage of their home. An appeals court in the southern city of Aix-en-Provence gave a two-year suspended sentence to Pierre Le Guennec (77), who carried out electrical work at the home of Pablo Picasso's last wife in the early 1970s, along with his wife, Danielle. The 180 paintings, other artworks as well as a book of 91 drawings were estimated at a combined worth of $63-$105 million.
    (Reuters, 12/16/16)
2016        Dec 16, French and Spanish police made five arrests after discovering a suspected weapons trove for the Basque militant group ETA in southern France.
    (AP, 12/17/16)
2016        Dec 16, German discount supermarket group Lidl announced plans to create 5,000 new jobs in London as part of a major investment program in Britain, where it is enjoying rapid growth.
    (AFP, 12/16/16)
2016        Dec 16, German airline Lufthansa said it is launching a code-sharing agreement with Abu Dhabi-based Etihad, a key financial backer of troubled rival Air Berlin, from which Lufthansa will lease 38 aircraft for two of its subsidiaries.
    (AP, 12/16/16)
2016        Dec 16, It was reported that Greenpeace and WWF have suspended their relationship with Asia Pacific Resources International (April), one of Indonesia's leading pulp and paper companies, saying it didn't live up to promises to improve its environmental record.   
    (AP, 12/16/16)
2016        Dec 16, A World Trade Organization dispute panel ruled that the EU had been largely within its rights to impose anti-dumping duties on Indonesian fatty alcohols, rejecting most of Indonesia's complaint at the Geneva-based trade body.
    (Reuters, 12/16/16)
2016        Dec 16, The governments of Italy's two biggest cities came under judicial scrutiny, with Milan's mayor suspending himself from his duties and a top aide in Rome's administration put under arrest. Milan Mayor Giuseppe Sala was under investigation in a case involving tender bids at last year's Expo world fair. Raffaele Marra, an aide to Mayor Virginia Raggi of the 5-Star Movement, was arrested on suspicion of corruption linked to a 2013 real estate deal.
    (Reuters, 12/16/16)
2016        Dec 16, Japanese PM Shinzo Abe and Russian President Vladimir Putin wrapped up two days of talks, with numerous economic deals but no big breakthrough on a territorial row that has overshadowed ties since World War Two.
    (Reuters, 12/16/16)
2016        Dec 16, Mali's national assembly voted overwhelmingly to drop charges of high treason against former president Amadou Toumani Toure in a decision that should allow him to return from exile in Senegal.
    (Reuters, 12/17/16)
2016        Dec 16, Myanmar government forces started launching attacks on the northeastern headquarters of the Kachin Independence Army, one of the country's ethnic rebel groups.
    (AP, 12/17/16)
2016        Dec 16, In Poland opposition lawmakers, upset that the conservative ruling party plans to limit reporters' access to lawmakers, protested in the lower house of parliament, singing the national anthem and chanting "Free media!" and "Democracy!"
    (AP, 12/16/16)
2016        Dec 16, In Syria a blast in the Midan district of Damascus left at least one person dead. State television said a young girl of about nine years of age blew herself. The evacuation of eastern Aleppo stalled after an eruption of gunfire, as the Syrian government and rebels threw accusations at each other.
    (Reuters, 12/16/16)(AP, 12/16/16)
2016        Dec 16, Thailand prosecutors indicted 19 senior members of the anti-coup Red Shirt movement for violating a ban on political activities when they sought to open an office to monitor last August's referendum on a new constitution.
    (AP, 12/16/16)
2016        Dec 16, Thailand's military-appointed legislature approved a bill tightening the country's already harsh Computer Crime Act, defying critics who said it infringes on the right to free expression.
    (AP, 12/16/16)
2016        Dec 16, The UN said it is getting daily reports of rapes and killings of the Rohingya minority in Myanmar and independent monitors are being barred from investigating.
    (Reuters, 12/16/16)
2016        Dec 16, At the Vatican Pope Francis brought Colombia's President Juan Manuel Santos and his main political opponent right-wing predecessor, Alvaro Uribe, together to discuss the country's rebel peace deal.
    (AP, 12/16/16)
2016        Dec 16, In Venezuela protests and looting broke out in parts of the country due to a lack of cash after the socialist government suddenly pulled the nation's largest banknote from circulation in the midst of a brutal economic crisis. Three deaths were reported amid violent scenes in the southern mining town of Callao.
    (Reuters, 12/17/16)
2016        Dec 16, A court in northern Vietnam sentenced a former army officer and another activist to more than 10 years in prison each for attempting to overthrow the communist government. Tran Anh Kim (67) and Le Thanh Tung were convicted of attempted subversion at a one-day trial
    (AP, 12/19/16)

2016        Dec 17, In the US freezing wet snow and rain left at least nine people dead in the Midwest and East Coast. Hundreds of accidents were blamed on slick roads.
    (SSFC, 12/18/16, p.A10)
2016        Dec 17, In Afghanistan five female guards working in the airport in southern Kandahar were killed along wioth their driver by unknown gunmen as they were on their way to work.
    (AP, 12/17/16)(SSFC, 12/18/16, p.A6)
2016        Dec 17, BP PLC signed a $2.22-billion deal restoring its share of an onshore oil block in Abu Dhabi by agreeing to give the emirate stock in the company worth 2 percent of the oil giant's overall value.
    (AP, 12/17/16)
2016        Dec 17, Beijing's city government ordered 1,200 factories near the Chinese capital, including a major oil refinery run by state oil giant Sinopec, to shut or cut output after authorities issued the highest possible air pollution alert.
    (Reuters, 12/17/16)
2016        Dec 17, Croatian police found a van crammed with 67 people, including children, mainly from Afghanistan. 42 migrants were hospitalized and some treated for carbon-monoxide poisoning. Some said they hadn't eaten for five days.
    (AP, 12/18/16)
2016        Dec 17, Security officials at Cairo International Airport denied entry to the country to Omar bin Laden, son of the former leader of al-Qaida Osama bin Laden. Both were allowed to leave for Turkey.
    (AP, 12/17/16)
2016        Dec 17, Rome's Mayor Virginia Raggi was stripped by her populist Five Star Movement (M5S) party of the power to make "important decisions" after a close advisor was arrested for suspected corruption.
    (AfP, 12/18/16)
2016        Dec 17, In Kashmir militants attacked an Indian army convoy, killing 3 soldiers.
    (Reuters, 12/17/16)
2016        Dec 17, In Montenegro dozens of people in Podgorica participated in a gay pride event in the highly conservative state where authorities have promised to boost gay rights as part of efforts to join the European Union.
    (AP, 12/17/16)
2016        Dec 17, In Nigeria African leaders at the 50th summit of the 15-member Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) called for a swift resolution of the political impasse in Gambia after disputed elections in which long-term president Yahya Jammeh is refusing to concede defeat.
    (AFP, 12/17/16)
2016        Dec 17, A major 7.9-magnitude earthquake struck off Papua New Guinea, but no immediate casualties were reported.
    (AFP, 12/17/16)
2016        Dec 17, Philippines’ President Rodrigo Duterte threatened to terminate a pact that allows US troops to visit the Philippines, saying "bye-bye America" as he reacted with rage to what he thought was a US decision to scrap a major aid package over human rights concerns.
    (AP, 12/17/16)
2016        Dec 17, In Poland several thousand people protested outside the presidential palace in Warsaw over alleged vote fraud and the rightwing government's plans to impose new restrictions on media coverage of parliament.
    (AFP, 12/17/16)
2016        Dec 17, In South Korea supporters of impeached President Park Geun-hye clashed with anti-Park protesters, as large crowds of demonstrators again gathered in Seoul to demand the scandal-ridden leader's immediate ouster.
    (AP, 12/17/16)
2016        Dec 17, Syrian rebels blamed Iran and its Shi'ite-backed militias of holding up a deal to evacuate civilians trapped in the remaining rebel bastion in Aleppo. Trapped civilians and rebels waited desperately for evacuations to resume as the Red Cross pleaded for a deal to "save thousands of lives".
    (Reuters, 12/17/16)(AFP, 12/17/16)
2016        Dec 17, In Turkey a suicide car bomber set off an explosion that demolished a public bus transporting off-duty soldiers in the central province of Kayseri, killing 13 troops and wounding 56 others. In response dozens of nationalist protestors stormed the headquarters of the pro-Kurdish Peoples' Democratic Party (HDP) in Kayseri. Turkish authorities detained seven people and searched for another five in relation to the attack.
    (AP, 12/17/16)(AFP, 12/17/16)(Reuters, 12/17/16)
2016        Dec 17, Turkey’s military said its warplanes have pounded Islamic State targets in northern Syria in the last 24 hours, killing at least 20 militants.
    (Reuters, 12/17/16)
2016        Dec 17, Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro suspended the elimination of the country's largest denomination bill, which had sparked cash shortages and nationwide unrest, saying the bill could continue in use until January 2.
    (Reuters, 12/18/16)(SFC, 12/19/16, p.A2)
2016        Dec 17, In Zimbabwe the ruling ZANU-PF endorsed President Robert Mugabe (92) for a 2018 election run.
    (AFP, 12/17/16)

2016        Dec 18, US officials said Nigerian national Kelvin Onaghinor (37) has been charged in connection with a hack of Los Angeles County emails that might have exposed personal data from more than 750,000 people who had business with county departments. Officials were not sure if Onaghinor was on US soil.
    (SFC, 12/19/16, p.A5)
2016        Dec 18, Zsa Zsa Gabor (99), Hungarian actress and celebrity, died of a heart attack in southern California.
    (AP, 12/19/16)
2016        Dec 18, Three groups of Cuban refugees totaling 51 people landed in the Florida keys.
    (SFC, 12/19/16, p.A5)
2016        Dec 18, Afghan officials in Farah province said at least 18 people have been killed and around 80 others over the last 24 hours wounded in two separate highway traffic accidents involving buses.
    (AP, 12/18/16)
2016        Dec 18, In Chechnya security forces killed 11 suspected militants in a series of separate clashes that began overnight. Four suspected militants were reported captured.
    (AP, 12/18/16)
2016        Dec 18, Chinese authorities in Tianjin grounded dozens of flights and closed most highways after severe smog blanketed the city, one of more than more than 40 in China's northeast to issue pollution warnings in the past 48 hours.
    (Reuters, 12/18/16)
2016        Dec 18, Egypt's highest court ordered the freeing of an author who was jailed for public indecency when extracts from his sexually explicit novel were published in a literary newspaper. A chapter from Ahmed Naji's novel Istikhdam al-Hayat, or Using Life, had been serialized in a state-owned literary publication.
    (Reuters, 12/18/16)
2016        Dec 18, It was reported that a species of ant living in ancient forests of Ethiopia has begun exhibiting signs of supercolony formation. The country’s Lepisiota canescens have formed one colony that stretches for 24 miles and could lead to its invasion of other parts of the world.
    (SSFC, 12/18/16, p.C14)
2016        Dec 18, In Paris the Eiffel Tower reopened to the public after a closedown of five consecutive days due to workers' strike.
    (AP, 12/18/16)
2016        Dec 18, An Indonesian military transport plane crashed in bad weather in the country's easternmost province of Papua, killing all 13 people on board.
    (AP, 12/18/16)
2016        Dec 18, Israel forces shot and killed Ahmad Rimawi (19) after he hurled stones at Israeli troops in Beit Rima, near Ramallah.
    (AP, 12/18/16)
2016        Dec 18, Israeli settlers due to be evicted from the Amona outpost in the occupied West Bank accepted a government-proposed deal to head off a forced evacuation and confrontation with troops.
    (Reuters, 12/18/16)
2016        Dec 18, An Israeli parole board ordered the release of former president Moshe Katsav after serving five years of a seven-year term for rape and other sexual offences.
    (AFP, 12/18/16)
2016        Dec 18, Ivory Coast voters cast their ballots in parliamentary polls as the main opposition party sought to break President Alassane Ouattara's near monopoly of the legislature in the West African nation.
    (Reuters, 12/18/16)
2016        Dec 18, Jordanian security forces freed tourists trapped inside a medieval castle after storming the building where armed men had taken shelter following a shootout with police in Karak. Police found suicide belts and other explosives in the hideout of suspected Islamic State group jihadists behind an attack that killed ten people including a Canadian tourist. Four militants were killed.
    (Reuters, 12/18/16)(SFC, 12/19/16, p.A4)   
2016        Dec 18, Poland's President Andrzej Duda met separately with opposition party leaders to help solve a political crisis, as anti-government protests were held for the third straight day.
    (AP, 12/18/16)
2016        Dec 18, A Russian Investigative Committee said that at least 18 people were poisoned after consuming a bath lotion containing methanol in Irkutsk. Eight of them have died and the 10 others have been hospitalized in grave condition. By Dec 19 the death toll had reached 49.
    (AP, 12/18/16)(AP, 12/19/16)
2016        Dec 18, In Somalia African Union troops opened fire on a minibus in Qoryooley town in Lower Shabelle region. All six passengers were killed. An AU armored vehicle smashed into a home after a bomb attack targeted an army convoy. A mother and four children were killed.
    (AP, 12/19/16)
2016        Dec 18, In Spain several thousand workers took to the streets of Madrid to protest the government's labor policies of recent years as the country emerges from a long economic downturn.
    (AP, 12/18/16)
2016        Dec 18, Sudanese opposition groups and activists pressed on with plans to hold a "sit-at-home" strike against fuel subsidy cuts, despite a warning from President Omar al-Bashir that anti-regime protests would be crushed.
    (AFP, 12/18/16)
2016        Dec 18, In Syria several buses en route to evacuate ill and injured people from the besieged villages of al-Foua and Kefraya were attacked and burned. Evacuations from Aleppo resumed this afternoon.
    (Reuters, 12/18/16)
2016        Dec 18, The Ukraine Cabinet agreed to move PrivatBank into full state ownership, following concerns over its stability in a move welcomed by the International Monetary Fund and the European Union.
    (AP, 12/19/16)
2016        Dec 18, In Ukraine a power distribution station near Kiev unexpectedly switched off early today, leaving the northern part of the capital without electricity. The company's IT specialists soon found transmission data that had not been included in standard protocols, suggesting that external interference was the likeliest scenario.
    (Reuters, 12/20/16)
2016        Dec 18, In Venezuela a 14-year-old boy was shot dead. The opposition said there has been four other fatalities, all in the southern state of Bolivar. More than 300 people have been arrested, dozens injured in several days of protests and looting over the socialist government's elimination last week of the largest currency bill.
    (Reuters, 12/19/16)
2016        Dec 18, In Yemen a suicide bomber blew himself up outside a military camp in the southern city of Aden, killing at least 52 soldiers. The Islamic State group's Yemen-based affiliate claimed responsibility.
    (AP, 12/18/16)

2016        Dec 19, The White House said Pres. Obama has pardoned 78 people and shortened the sentences of 153 others convicted of federal crimes. This was the greatest number of clemencies by any president in a single day.
    (SFC, 12/20/16, p.A6)
2016        Dec 19, The US Interior Department finalized a contentious rule to protect streams and forests from the impact of coal mining, one of the Obama administration's last major environmental regulations that the incoming Trump administration is likely to target.
    (AP, 12/19/16)
2016        Dec 19, Glendon Scott Crawford (52) of Galway, NY, was sentenced to 30 years in prison followed by a lifetime of supervised release for trying to produce a weapon of mass destruction to kill Muslims.
    (SFC, 12/20/16, p.A6)
2016        Dec 19, In Afghanistan armed men in northern Kunduz province stopped a convoy of vehicles from the International Committee of the Red Cross and snatched the only foreigner, a Spanish citizen, leaving the Afghans behind. The ICRC worker was reported released on Jan 15.
    (AP, 12/20/16)(AP, 1/15/17)
2016        Dec 19, In Brazil a judge ruled that former Pres. Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva will face a fifth corruption trial, as charges pile up against the man seen as a front-runner to win the 2018 presidential election.
    (Reuters, 12/19/16)
2016        Dec 19, British postal workers began what could become the longest strike in the Post Office's 300-year history as part of a wave of industrial action that is also threatening Christmas travel chaos.
    (AFP, 12/19/16)
2016        Dec 19, China and Norway announced the resumption of diplomatic relations during a surprise visit to Beijing by Norwegian Foreign Minister Borge Brende. This came six years after Beijing froze ties with Oslo over the awarding of the Nobel Peace Prize to a Chinese dissident.
    (AFP, 12/19/16)
2016        Dec 19, In eastern Congo DRC a South African soldier on a United Nations mission was killed in a rebel attack on their positions, the final day of President Joseph Kabila's mandated time in office. Four Mai Mai militiamen were killed in the fire-fight and two were captured.
    (Reuters, 12/19/16)
2016        Dec 19, In Congo DRC an announcement just before midnight of the appointment of a new government -- but with President Kabila still in ultimate control -- triggered cries of "treason", "provocation" and "confrontation".
    (AFP, 12/20/16)
2016        Dec 19, Czech President Milos Zeman blocked a bill limiting politicians' business interests, returning to parliament a law that would clip the wings of billionaire Finance Minister Andrej Babis if it came into effect.
    (Reuters, 12/19/16)
2016        Dec 19, The European Union extended economic sanctions against Russia by six months after completing the legislative process for a decision endorsed last week by national leaders at an EU summit.
    (Reuters, 12/19/16)   
2016        Dec 19, A draft report released by a European Parliament probe accused France, Italy and Spain of trying to slow down the introduction of tougher auto emissions tests despite knowing that the old ones were causing more pollution.
    (AP, 12/19/16)
2016        Dec 19, In France Christine Lagarde, the International Monetary Fund's managing director, was convicted without punishment of negligence by a special French court for her role in a contentious and generous arbitration award in 2008 to tycoon Bernard Tapie in 2008 over the botched sale of sportswear maker Adidas in the 1990s.
    (AP, 12/19/16)
2016        Dec 19, In Germany truck attack on a crowded Christmas market in West Berlin killed 12 people and injured 48. A migrant (23) from Pakistan was arrested, but he was released the next day for lack of evidence. Lukasz Urban (37), a Polish driver from the western village of Roznowo, near the border with Germany, was found dead in the cabin of the truck that was hijacked and driven into the crowd. He was seemingly stabbed and shot to death in the cabin of his truck.
    (Reuters, 12/20/16)(AP, 12/20/16)(AVP, 12/21/16)
2016        Dec 19, In India five men were sentenced to death by an Indian court for their role in two deadly bombings in February 2013 in the city of Hyderabad. They included Yasin Bhatkal, the co-founder of the outlawed Indian Mujahideen Islamist group accused of involvement in a series of attacks.
    (Reuters, 12/19/16)
2016        Dec 19, Human Rights Watch said nearly 600 people have died in Indian police custody from 2009-2015, many of them after being tortured.
    (AP, 12/19/16)
2016        Dec 19, Israeli authorities placed billionaire businessman Beny Steinmetz (60) under house arrest over allegations of bribery and corruption in Guinea linked to his mining company, BSG Resources (BSGR). Asher Avidan, a top associate of Steinmetz, was also arrested in connection with the international investigation into suspected bribery of an official in Guinea.
    (Reuters, 12/19/16)(AP, 12/20/16)
2016        Dec 19, An Italian court convicted an Italian woman and her Albanian husband in absentia on terrorism charges for traveling to Syria to join the Islamic State group. This was the first trial in Italy involving foreign fighters operating inside the war zone.
    (AP, 12/19/16)   
2016        Dec 19, Moldovan MPs approved raising the retirement age to 63 years from the current level of 57 for women and 62 for men, a reform that is part of a three-year-old assistance program agreed with the International Monetary Fund.
    (Reuters, 12/19/16)
2016        Dec 19, Pakistani movie theaters began screening Bollywood films again, ending an 11-week boycott in response to political and military tensions with India.
    (Reuters, 12/19/16)
2016        Dec 19, Polish President Andrzej Duda scrambled to defuse a political crisis as opposition lawmakers occupied parliament for a fourth day of anti-government protest.
    (AFP, 12/19/16)
2016        Dec 19, In Puerto Rico eight people were shot outside a popular restaurant in San Juan. One person died of his wounds on Dec 21.
    (AP, 12/22/16)
2016        Dec 19, Senegal police arrested Lieutenant Aboubacar "Toumba" Diakite, a Guinean soldier linked to a Sep 28, 2009, massacre in Conakry where at least 150 people were killed and dozens of women raped.
    (Reuters, 12/20/16)
2016        Dec 19, Serbia said that it will purchase six Russian MiG-29 combat jets in a move likely to add to tensions in the Balkans amid Moscow's apparent efforts to prevent the volatile European region from joining Western institutions.
    (AP, 12/19/16)
2016        Dec 19, In South Africa the last board member at state broadcaster, the SABC, quit after a parliamentary investigation into the board's failure to look into allegations of misspending and censorship. Professor Mbulaheni Maguvhe had been the sole board member following the resignation of his colleagues this year in the wake of a string of scandals. A court ruled earlier this month that former SABC chief operating officer Hlaudi Motsoeneng, who introduced a ban on airing violent protest footage, should not hold any position at the broadcaster and barred him from entering the premises.
    (Reuters, 12/19/16)
2016        Dec 19, In South Korea high-profile North Korean defector Thae Yong Ho told South Korean lawmakers that he fled because of disillusionment with what he describes as a "tyrannical reign of terror" by leader Kim Jong Un.
    (AP, 12/19/16)
2016        Dec 19, In Syria thousands were evacuated from the last rebel-held enclave of the Aleppo after a deal was reached to allow people to leave two besieged pro-government villages in nearby Idlib province.
    (Reuters, 12/19/16)
2016        Dec 19, Thailand’s Defense Ministry website went temporarily offline as hackers protested the Dec 16 passage of a bill restricting internet freedom. They have been attacking Thai government computer servers, temporarily disabling public access and reportedly copying restricted documents.
    (AP, 12/19/16)
2016        Dec 19, In Turkey Russian ambassador Andrey Karlov was shot and killed by Mevlut Mert Altintas (22) at an art gallery in Ankara. Altintas, who had worked for Ankara riot police, was killed minutes later by Turkish special forces.
    (Reuters, 12/20/16)
2016        Dec 19, The UN Security Council approved the deployment of UN monitors to Aleppo as the evacuation of fighters and civilians from the last remaining opposition stronghold in the northern city resumed after days of delays.
    (AP, 12/19/16)

2016        Dec 20, Pres. Obama designated the bulk of US owned waters in the Arctic Ocean and certain areas in the Atlantic Ocean as indefinitely off limits to future oil and gas leasing.
    (SFC, 12/21/16, p.A8)
2016        Dec 20, The US said it has concluded its campaign against the Islamic State group's affiliate in Libya after the downfall of the group in its only remaining foothold in the chaotic North African country.
    (AP, 12/20/16)   
2016        Dec 20, Michigan prosecutors charged four former Flint government officials with criminal conspiracy to violate safety.
    (Reuters, 12/20/16)
2016        Dec 20, Utah’s Deseret News reported that federal agents last week arrested two Utah sisters accused of using their money order businesses in the Salt Lake City area to launder an estimated $1 million for Mexican drug traffickers.
    (AP, 12/20/16)
2016        Dec 20, Afghan authorities destroyed 98 tons of seized narcotics, mostly raw opium but also heroin and hashish, as well as liquor. 702 people were reported arrested in 579 cases for trafficking, including 28 women.
    (AP, 12/20/16)
2016        Dec 20, British-based Lloyds of London said it would buy MBNA, a credit card firm, for $2 billion.
    (Econ, 1/7/17, p.52)
2016        Dec 20, China handed back to the United States an underwater drone it had seized last week in an incident that raised tensions in a relationship that has been tested by President-elect Donald Trump's signals of a tougher policy toward Beijing.
    (AP, 12/20/16)
2016        Dec 20, In Congo DRC black smoke rose over Kinshasa and angry young men waving red cards blocked roads as Pres. Joseph Kabila, clung to power. Security forces killed at least three demonstrators in Kinshasa and arrested scores more amid protests against Kabila's hold on power. The UN human rights director for the Democratic Republic of Congo said that there were "solid" reports that 20 civilians had been killed in confrontations with security forces in Kinshasa.
    (AFP, 12/20/16)(AP, 12/20/16)(Reuters, 12/20/16)
2016        Dec 20, In southeastern Congo at least six people were killed and 150 wounded as clashes broke out between Pygmies and Bantus.
    (Reuters, 12/22/16)
2016        Dec 20, EU nations backed measures to strengthen new on-road emissions tests to supplement laboratory-based ones, whose flaws were laid bare by the Volkswagen scandal.
    (Reuters, 12/20/16)
2016        Dec 20, Gambian President Yahya Jammeh vowed to stay in power when his mandate ends in January, defying calls from West African leaders to hand over to the winner of a Dec. 1 election.
    (Reuters, 12/21/16)
2016        Dec 20, In northern Iraq a bombing killed five Iranian Kurdish fighters and an Iraqi Kurdish policeman in Koy Sanjaq, east of Erbil. An Iranian Kurdish armed opposition group the next day accused Iran of the bombing.
    (AP, 12/21/16)
2016        Dec 20, In central Jordan four policemen were killed in an exchange of fire with wanted men in Karak province where assailants had killed 10 people in a series of ambushes earlier this week.
    (AP, 12/20/16)
2016        Dec 20, In Mexico a powerful chain-reaction explosion ripped through the stalls of the San Pablito fireworks market on the northern outskirts of Mexico City, killing at least 35 people and leaving dozens more badly burned. 12 people were missing. The death toll soon rose to 36 after a woman died with burns on 90 percent of her body.
    (AP, 12/21/16)(SFC, 12/23/16, p.A3)(AFP, 12/24/16)
2016        Dec 20, In the Philippines four Filipino fishermen were believed kidnapped by Abu Sayyaf militants in the Celebes Sea.
    (AP, 12/20/16)
2016        Dec 20, Sao Tome and Principe severed diplomatic relations with Taiwan. On Dec 22 PM Patrice Trovoada said this was the correct decision given China's importance as a strategic partner and the need to improve the lives of Sao Tomeans.
    (AP, 12/22/16)(SSFC, 12/25/16, p.A6)
2016        Dec 20, Swiss police said a gunmen (24) who wounded three people attending prayers at an Islamic center has been found dead. The Swiss citizen of Ghanaian descent was already wanted for the fatal stabbing of a friend who was found at a playground in Zurich on Dec 19.
    (SFC, 12/21/16, p.A2)
2016        Dec 20, In Syria President Bashar al-Assad's army closed in on the last rebel enclave in Aleppo. Russia, Iran and Turkey said they were ready to help broker a Syrian peace deal. They adopted a document they called the "Moscow Declaration", which set out the principles that any peace agreement should follow.
    (Reuters, 12/20/16)
2016        Dec 20, Turkish officials inaugurated the Eurasia Tunnel, crossing the Bosporus Strait, linking the European and Asian sides of Istanbul.
    (AP, 12/20/16)
2016        Dec 20, The UN human rights chief asked Philippine authorities to investigate President Rodrigo Duterte for murder after he claimed to have killed people in the past and also to examine the "appalling epidemic of extra-judicial killings" committed during his anti-drug crackdown.
    (AP, 12/20/16)

2016        Dec 21, Lawyers of three US families said Ikea has reached a tentative settlement to pay them $50 million for the deaths of three children, all around age two, killed when the company’s furniture fell on them.
    (SFC, 12/23/16, p.C2)
2016        Dec 21, Police in Bahrain clashed with residents of the besieged town of Diraz that is home to Shiite cleric Sheikh Isa Qassim, arresting at least two youths and fueling protests throughout the day. Qassim lost his citizenship in June over the Sunni-ruled government's allegations that he fueled extremism.
    (AP, 12/21/16)
2016        Dec 21, Brazilian construction firm Odebrecht SA and affiliated petrochemical company Braskem SA pleaded guilty in a US court to violating American foreign bribery laws as part of a deal resolving a sweeping corruption probe of Brazil's state oil company. Odebrecht admitted that it had paid bribes to win contracts across Latin America including Peru. It said that it had paid $29 million in Peru between 2005 and 2014 to secure concessions.
    (Reuters, 12/21/16)(Econ, 3/25/17, p.29)
2016        Dec 21, China's Ministry of Public Security unveiled a list of areas where foreign non-governmental organizations (NGO) are allowed to operate, from legal advice to equality of the sexes, ahead of the enforcement of a new law.
    (Reuters, 12/21/16)
2016        Dec 21, In China four people were killed when a minibus drove into a market in a northern part of Beijing and many others have sustained injuries.
    (AP, 12/21/16)
2016        Dec 21, China's smoggiest city Shijiazhuang, the capital of Hebei province, closed schools as much of the country suffered its sixth day under an oppressive haze, sparking public anger about the slow response to the threat to children's health.
    (AFP, 12/21/16)
2016        Dec 21, Congolese security forces killed eight civilians and wounded 35 others in the southeastern mining hub of Lubumbashi over the last 24 hours during protests against President Joseph Kabila.
    (Reuters, 12/21/16)
2016        Dec 21, The European Union's high court said that EU agreements on closer ties and trade with Morocco should not apply to the disputed Western Sahara region.
    (AP, 12/21/16)
2016        Dec 21, German police launched a manhunt for a Tunisian suspected of driving the truck that ploughed through a Berlin Christmas market on Dec 19 in a deadly assault claimed by the Islamic State jihadist group. German authorities issued a wanted notice for Anis Amri, describing him as potentially violent and armed.
    (AFP, 12/21/16)(AP, 12/22/16)
2016        Dec 21, A Greek state food safety agency said several soft drinks and food products mostly made by multinational companies have been withdrawn from sale in greater Athens after an anarchist group said it had injected packages and plastic bottles with chlorine and hydrochloric acid. A group calling itself "Green Nemesis" posted the threat on the internet on Dec 19, saying it intended to cause financial damage to the companies.
    (AP, 12/21/16)
2016        Dec 21, In India leading opposition figure Rahul Gandhi demanded an investigation into allegations that two Indian conglomerates paid millions of rupees as bribes to PM Narendra Modi in 2013-14 when he was governing a western state.
    (AP, 12/21/16)
2016        Dec 21, Indonesian anti-terrorism police killed three suspects in a gunfight on the outskirts of the capital, Jakarta, and foiled a suicide bomb plot.
    (Reuters, 12/21/16)
2016        Dec 21, Israeli ex-president Moshe Katsav was freed from prison after prosecutors declined to appeal a parole board decision to release him after he served five years of a seven-year term for rape.
    (AFP, 12/21/16)
2016        Dec 21, Japan's government announced that it will bolster its coast guard capabilities to defend East China Sea islands that China also claims and regularly patrols.
    (AP, 12/21/16)
2016        Dec 21, Save the Children and the International Federation of the Red Cross said that this winter will likely see vast swathes of the Mongolian steppe affected by the extreme weather phenomenon known in Mongolia as "dzud".
    (AP, 12/21/16)
2016        Dec 21, Russia’s President Vladimir Putin demanded restrictions on the sale of surrogate alcohol. At least 77 people died in the Irkutsk region of Siberia from drinking bath oil laced with methylated spirit in search of alcoholic highs.
    (Reuters, 12/21/16)(SFC, 12/23/16, p.A2)(Reuters, 12/27/16)
2016        Dec 21, The Kremlin said it did not expect the incoming US administration to reject NATO enlargement overnight and that almost all communications channels between Russia and the United States were frozen.
    (Reuters, 12/21/16)
2016        Dec 21, Spanish banks faced the prospect of having to pay back several billion dollars to clients following a European Court of Justice ruling over mortgage agreements that insured that interest rates did not fall below a certain level.
    (AP, 12/21/16)
2016        Dec 21, Aron Anderson of Sweden reached the South Pole following a 21-day journey in a wheelchair on skis.
    (SFC, 12/23/16, p.A2)
2016        Dec 21, In Syria buses loaded with Syrian civilians have begun leaving the last rebel-held enclave of eastern Aleppo again, after being stalled for a day.
    (Reuters, 12/21/16)
2016        Dec 21, In northern Syria clashes escalated around the town of al-Bab with Turkish soldiers and 138 jihadists killed.
    (Reuters, 12/24/16)
2016        Dec 21, Ukraine officials said at least two Ukrainian troops have been killed in the past 24 hours in renewed fighting in eastern Ukraine. At least 7 Ukrainian troops have been killed in fighting since Dec 18 with dozens more injured and shell-shocked.
    (AP, 12/21/16)

2016        Dec 22, The Obama administration said it is officially scrapping a post-9/11 requirement for immigrant men from predominantly Muslim countries to register with the federal government.
    (SFC, 12/23/16, p.A6)
2016        Dec 22, US Pres.-elect Donald Trump named Kellyanne Conway as his White House counselor.
    (SFC, 12/23/16, p.A5)
2016        Dec 22, Congo DRC soldiers sealed part of the Matshipisha-Gbadolite neighborhood of Lubumbashi and carried out mass arrests of young men, as talks to defuse the country's explosive political crisis were set to continue.
    (AFP, 12/22/16)
2016        Dec 22, In eastern Congo DRC fighting between Hutu and Nande ethnic militias killed left at least 20 people dead in Bwalanda, North Kivu province.
    (Reuters, 12/22/16)(SFC, 12/24/16, p.A2)
2016        Dec 22, Democratic Republic of Congo troops killed 10 soldiers from neighboring Burundi after they crossed the border overnight in pursuit of rebels.
    (AFP, 12/26/16)
2016        Dec 22, In Iraq three suicide car bombs killed at least 15 civilians and eight Iraqi policemen in Kokjali (Gogjali), an eastern suburb of Mosul. The Islamic State claimed responsibility. Mortar fire also killed 11 people including four aid workers as civilians gathered to receive assistance in Mosul city.
    (Reuters, 12/22/16)(AFP, 12/22/16)
2016        Dec 22, In Israel Basel Ghattas, an Arab lawmaker in the Knesset, to have his parliamentary immunity stripped amid an investigation into suspicions he smuggled cellphones to Palestinian prisoners.
    (AP, 12/22/16)
2016        Dec 22, Japan and the US marked a partial return of the land used by American troops to Okinawa in a ceremony on the southern island, but there was no sign the move was helping to lessen protests against the island's heavy US military presence. Nearly 10,000 acres was returned to Okinawa in exchange for six helipads for Osprey tilt-rotor aircraft being built nearby. Locals protested the ceremony.
    (AP, 12/22/16)(SSFC, 12/25/16, p.A6)
2016        Dec 22, In Japan a huge fire in Itoigawa city spread to about 140 buildings. It was brought under control after authorities called in extra firefighters to fight the blaze.
    (AP, 12/22/16)
2016        Dec 22, Two overcrowded inflatable dinghies capsized in the Strait of Sicily after leaving Libya for Italy. Some 100 people, mainly West Africans, were feared dead.
    (Reuters, 12/23/16)
2016        Dec 22, In Nigeria a faction of Boko Haram allied to the Islamic State group attacked an army barracks in northeastern Yobe state. President Muhammadu Buhari said troops defeated Boko Haram in its Sambisa Forest stronghold in Borno state.
    (AP, 12/24/16)
2016        Dec 22, Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu said Russian air strikes in Syria have killed 35,000 rebel fighters since the start of operations there and prevented the collapse of the Syrian state.
    (Reuters, 12/22/16)
2016        Dec 22, Saudi Arabia projected another budget deficit of 198 billion riyals ($53 billion) in 2017 but reported a less-than-expected shortfall for this year after cutbacks in the face of lower oil prices.
    (AFP, 12/22/16)
2016        Dec 22, Spain's annual Christmas lottery showered some 56 million euros ($58 million) on residents of the struggling town of Pinos Puente in the southern region of Andalucia where nearly a third of the population is out of work.
    (AFP, 12/22/16)
2016        Dec 22, The Islamic State released the video late today which purports to show the burning of two Turkish soldiers captured near the northern Syrian town of al-Bab. The two soldiers went missing in the area of al-Dana, northwest of al-Bab, in late November.
    (AP, 12/23/16)
2016        Dec 22, In Thailand pro-democracy activist Jatupat 'Pai' Boonpattararaksa was re-arrested after his bail was revoked in a case accusing him of sharing online a Thai-language BBC story about the country's new king.
    (AP, 12/22/16)
2016        Dec 22, Turkey's defense minister said the number of Turkish soldiers killed in recent attacks by Islamic State militants near the northern Syrian town of al-Bab has risen to 16, adding that three other soldiers were seriously wounded. He said a total of 35 Turkish soldiers have been killed since the start of Turkey-backed rebels' incursion into northern Syria that began on August 24.
    (Reuters, 12/22/16)
2016        Dec 22, Pope Francis told Vatican officials to start appointing women and lay people to top jobs in the Curia, the Holy See bureaucracy that he is seeking to shake-up.
    (AFP, 12/22/16)
2016        Dec 22, The UN Security Council postponed a vote on a draft resolution demanding that Israel halt its settlement activities in the Palestinian territories and east Jerusalem. Egypt requested the delay to allow time for consultations on the measure.
    (AFP, 12/22/16)

2016        Dec 23, The US Energy Dept. authorized its contractor to resume the disposal of radioactive waste at an underground repository outside Carlsbad, NM. A radioactive release had force the facility to close nearly three years ago.
    (SFC, 12/24/16, p.A5)
2016        Dec 23, The US FDA announced that it has approved Spinraza for spinal muscular atrophy, making it the first-ever approved therapy for SMA. The drug was developed by Ionis Pharmaceuticals and Biogen Inc.
    (http://www.curesma.org/spinraza.html)(SSFC, 12/25/16, p.A8)
2016        Dec 23, California’s Gov. Jerry Brown granted pardons to 112 people and reduced the sentence a Louis Calderon by ten years for a gang shooting in 1999.
    (SSFC, 12/25/16, p.C10)
2016        Dec 23, In Afghanistan a member of a state-backed militia shot and killed five fellow militiamen in Kunduz province. The gunman then made off with weapons and ammunition.
    (AP, 12/23/16)
2016        Dec 23, Albanian police said they have seized 1.24 metric tons (1.37 tons) of cannabis found in a vehicle on its southwestern coast.
    (AP, 12/23/16)
2016        Dec 23, Australian officials said they have detained five suspects who were allegedly planning a series of Christmas day bombings in the heart of Melbourne.
    (SFC, 12/23/16, p.A2)
2016        Dec 23, In Bahrain Eman Salehi (28), a sports journalist for state-run TV, was killed by an officer in the Bahraini Defense Force, who was also identified as a member of the ruling Al Khalifa family.
    (SFC, 12/30/16, p.A5)
2016        Dec 23, Burundi's parliament passed a law imposing strict controls on international non-governmental organizations after President Pierre Nkurunziza accused such groups of backing an insurrection against him.
    (AFP, 12/24/16)
2016        Dec 23, Chinese authorities confirmed that prominent legal activist Jiang Tianyong has been detained on suspicion of inciting subversion of state power.
    (Reuters, 12/23/16)
2016        Dec 23, China fined General Motors Co.'s main joint venture in China $29 million on charges it suppressed competition by enforcing minimum sales prices for dealers, the latest in a string of penalties against foreign auto brands under the country's anti-monopoly law.
    (AP, 12/23/16)
2016        Dec 23, In Congo DRC opposition leaders said politicians have agreed in principle to a deal under which President Joseph Kabila leaves office by the end of 2017, an unexpected breakthrough after dozens were killed in anti-government protests this week.
    (Reuters, 12/23/16)
2016        Dec 23, Czech airline Travel Service signed a deal to buy five more new Boeing 737 MAX jets. This brought to 30 the total number of such Boeing aircraft that Travel Service has recently agreed to buy.
    (AP, 1/4/17)
2016        Dec 23, Marcel de Souza, the president of the Economic Community of West African States, said West African leaders will send troops into Gambia if its longtime ruler who lost elections does not step down next month.
    (AP, 12/23/16)
2016        Dec 23, In India an 18-month study, led by the My Choices Foundation in partnership with major anti-trafficking groups across India, found the average age of girls being trafficked had fallen to age 10 to 14 in recent years from 14 to 16 in the past.
    (Reuters, 12/23/16)
2016        Dec 23, Iran and six world powers released previously restricted documents about their nuclear deal to enforce their view that Tehran is not circumventing limits on its limit of enriched uranium, which could be used to make nuclear weapons.
    (AP, 12/23/16)
2016        Dec 23, In southern Iran a man (26) gunned down 10 relatives in a rare shooting rampage.
    (AP, 12/23/16)
2016        Dec 23, In Italy  Anis Amri, the Tunisian man suspected in a deadly attack on a Christmas market in Berlin, was killed early today in a shootout with police in Milan during a routine patrol outside a train station.
    (AP, 12/23/16)
2016        Dec 23, Kosovo's government decided to create a commission of experts to measure the country's territory, an effort to convince the opposition they are not losing land in a deal with neighboring Montenegro.
    (AP, 12/24/16)
2016        Dec 23, An Airbus A320 on an internal flight in Libya was diverted to Malta. Hijackers forced the airliner to land in Malta then freed all their hostages unharmed and surrendered after declaring their loyalty to Libya's late leader Muammar Gaddafi.
    (Reuters, 12/23/16)
2016        Dec 23, In Nigeria three convicted criminals on death row for about two decades were secretly executed in the first hangings in the country since 2013. The executions were said to breach a seven-year moratorium on the death penalty.
    (AP, 12/29/16)
2016        Dec 23, Philippine authorities seized more than half a metric ton of suspected methamphetamine in suburban Manila and arrested six people in what could be one of the largest drug seizures under President Rodrigo Duterte.
    (AP, 12/23/16)
2016        Dec 23, Syrian government airstrikes on villages near Aleppo killed three rebels.
    (AP, 12/24/16)
2016        Dec 23, Turkish warplanes pounded the extremist-held Syrian town of al-Bab.
    (AP, 12/23/16)
2016        Dec 23, A Ukrainian official said at least two Ukrainian troops have been killed and three injured in the past 24 hours in renewed fighting in eastern Ukraine.
    (AP, 12/23/16)
2016        Dec 23, The UN Security Council passed a landmark resolution condemning Israeli settlements in east Jerusalem and the West Bank after the United States refrained from using its veto. A resolution needs nine votes in favor and no vetoes by the US, France, Russia, Britain or China to be adopted. New Zealand, along with Senegal, Venezuela and Malaysia, co-sponsored the UN Security Council resolution.
    (Reuters, 12/23/16)(AFP, 12/24/16)(AP, 6/13/17)
2016        Dec 23, The United Nations Security Council failed to adopt a US-drafted resolution to impose an arms embargo and further sanctions on South Sudan despite warnings by UN officials of a possible genocide in the world's newest state.
    (Reuters, 12/23/16)
2016        Dec 23, The World Health Organization (WHO) said a prototype vaccine for Ebola may be "up to 100 percent effective" in protecting against the deadly virus. The new vaccine was initially developed in Canada by public health authorities before being taken over by pharmaceutical giant Merck.
    (AFP, 12/23/16)

2016        Dec 24, In western Afghanistan Taliban insurgents attacked a checkpoint, killing at least three police and wounding four others in Farah province.
    (AP, 12/24/16)
2016        Dec 24, In Bangladesh a woman and a teenager, believed to be linked to the banned Jumatul Mujahedeen Bangladesh (JMB) Islamist militant group, blew themselves up during a police raid on a two-story house in Dhaka.
    (AP, 12/24/16)
2016        Dec 24, Bolivian President Evo Morales pardoned around 1,800 prisoners, including pregnant women, handicapped people, inmates with minor sentences and those in custody awaiting trial.
    (AFP, 12/25/16)
2016        Dec 24, British author Richard Adams (96), author of Watership Down (1972), died in Oxfordshire. In 1978 the book was made into a movie.
    (SFC, 12/28/16, p.D3)
2016        Dec 24, In Cameroon a suicide bomber in the northern town of Mora killed a young student and a woman in an attack on a market full of Christmas shoppers.
    (Reuters, 12/25/16)
2016        Dec 24, In China a firework explosion in Yanzihe village, Hebei province, killed or left missing eight people and injured 16.
    (AP, 12/25/16)
2016        Dec 24, In northeastern Congo DRC rebels from the Allied Democratic Forces (ADF), dominated by puritanical Ugandan Muslims, killed at least 25 Hutu people after storming several villages.
    (AFP, 12/26/16)(SFC, 12/27/16, p.A2)
2016        Dec 24, Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi said that the military's economic activity accounted for no more than two percent of the country's output, dismissing suggestions that the military could control as much as half of the economy.
    (Reuters, 12/24/16)
2016        Dec 24, Indian PM Narendra Modi laid the foundation stone for a massive memorial of a medieval warrior king that's expected to cost $530 million and has come under criticism from environmental activists and others. The memorial includes a proposed 192-meter (630-foot) -tall statue of Shivaji, a 16th century ruler from western India and will be built off the coast of Mumbai on land reclaimed from the Arabian Sea.
    (AP, 12/24/16)
2016        Dec 24, In northern Mali Sophie Petronin, a Frenchwoman who runs an organization for malnourished children, was kidnapped in Gao.
    (AFP, 12/25/16)
2016        Dec 24, In Myanmar Baptist ministers Langjaw Gam Seng (35) and Dumdaw Nawng Lat (65) disappeared after they were summoned to an army base in northern Shan state. On Jan 20, 2016, media reported that the two men were suspected of recruiting and spying for Kachin ethnic rebels, as well as spreading false information on their behalf.
    (AP, 1/17/17)(AP, 1/20/17)
2016        Dec 24, Nigeria’s Pres. Muhammadu Buhari declared that the Boko Haram extremist group has finally been crushed, driven from its last forest enclave with fighters on the run and no place to hide.
    (AP, 12/24/16)
2016        Dec 24, Philippine authorities evacuated thousands in coastal villages in the country's central region where the category 4 typhoon Nock-ten is expected to make landfall later this weekend, bringing strong winds and heavy rains.
    (Reuters, 12/24/16)
2016        Dec 24, Officials said engineers have restored service in the vast majority of homes in northern Scotland that lost power during the intense winds of Storm Barbara.
    (AP, 12/24/16)
2016        Dec 24, A large crowd of South Koreans took to the streets of central Seoul for the ninth weekend in a row to demand the immediate resignation of President Park Geun-hye, who has been impeached by parliament over a corruption scandal.
    (Reuters, 12/24/16)
2016        Dec 24, Spain's Film Academy announced the death of art director Gil Parrondo (95), the winner of Oscars for "Patton" and "Nicholas and Alexandra".
    (AP, 12/25/16)
2016        Dec 24, In Syria an explosion rocked eastern Aleppo as some residents were returning to their homes after the government assumed full control of the city earlier this week. Two people were killed in a blast at an ammunitions warehouse formerly used by rebels. An airstrike on the town of Atareb, west of Aleppo, killed five people including a man, his daughter and daughter-in-law.
    (AP, 12/24/16)(AFP, 12/24/16)
2016        Dec 24, Tunisian security forces said they have arrested three suspected militants after uncovering their links to Anis Amri, the Tunisian national believed responsible for the Dec 19 Berlin Christmas market attack that killed 12 people.
    (Reuters, 12/24/16)
2016        Dec 24, Turkish authorities said they are investigating some 10,000 people on suspicion of using social media to support terrorism. Turkish authorities have formally arrested 1,656 people in the past six months for allegedly supporting terrorist organizations or insulting officials on social media.
    (Reuters, 12/24/16)(AP, 12/24/16)
2016        Dec 24, Turkey’s military said 68 Islamic State militants have been "neutralized" in fighting and air strikes near al-Bab over the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 12/24/16)
2016        Dec 24, Both the Ukrainian government and Russia-backed rebels in the east of the country said a new cease-fire that was to come into effect midnight last night has been violated.
    (AP, 12/24/16)

2016        Dec 25, Almost all of North and South Dakota were under blizzard, ice storm or winter storm warnings as wintry weather was forecast to hit the Central US.
    (Reuters, 12/25/16)
2016        Dec 25, Vera Rubin (b.1928), American astronomer, died in New Jersey. She transformed modern physics and astronomy with her observations showing that galaxies and stars are immersed in the gravitational grip of vast clouds of dark matter.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vera_Rubin)(Econ, 1/7/17, p.70)
2016        Dec 25, The Afghan defense ministry confirmed that Captain Niloofar Rahmani (25) had sought asylum. The Wall Street Journal had quoted her as saying that she feared her life would be in danger if she returned home. Rahmani had been in the United States on a training course and had been due to return home on Dec 24.
    (Reuters, 12/25/16)
2016        Dec 25, At least two Afghan civilians were killed by a roadside bomb in eastern Laghman province.
    (AP, 12/25/16)
2016        Dec 25, British gay pop star George Michael (53) died of apparent heart failure. He had rocketed to stardom with WHAM! and went on to enjoy a long and celebrated solo career lined with controversies.
    (AP, 12/26/16)
2016        Dec 25, In southern Chile thousands of people were evacuated from coastal areas following a powerful 7.6 magnitude Christmas Day earthquake.
    (AP, 12/25/16)
2016        Dec 25, China's largely rubber-stamp parliament passed a law that will levy specific environmental protection taxes on industry for the first time from 2018, as part of a renewed focus on fighting the country's pollution woes. A law that levies taxes on pollution ignored carbon dioxide, one of the major contributors to global warming.
    (Reuters, 12/25/16)(AFP, 12/26/16)
2016        Dec 25, China’s state media reported that three doctors in Shanghai and one in Hunan province have been suspended pending investigations over allegations they took kickbacks from pharmaceutical companies.
    (Reuters, 12/25/16)
2016        Dec 25, China’s Beijing police said they had investigated hundreds of cases of suspected prostitution, in a rare public announcement on a crackdown against illegal vice.
    (Reuters, 12/25/16)
2016        Dec 25, The Chinese city of Suzhou, Jiangsu province, said it will suspend trade of live poultry as of midnight in the interests of public health after neighboring provinces reported cases of human bird flu infections.
    (Reuters, 12/25/16)
2016        Dec 25, In Congo DRC an ethnic Nande militia killed at least 13 Hutu civilians with guns and machetes in an apparent revenge attack for the deaths of Nande civilians last week.
    (Reuters, 12/25/16)
2016        Dec 25, Egypt ordered the detention for 15 days of Al-Jazeera journalist Mahmoud Hussein (51) accusing him of incitement and fabricating news. In November, Al-Jazeera broadcast a documentary called "The Soldiers" in which former conscripts spoke about compulsory military service in Egypt, drawing criticism from the media.
    (AFP, 12/25/16)
2016        Dec 25, In southern Germany 54,000 people were forced from their homes In Augsburg for the defusing of a British bomb dating from World War II. The 1.8-ton explosive had been found on Dec 20 during work at a construction site.
    (AFP, 12/25/16)
2016        Dec 25, In Indonesia members of the elite anti-terrorism squad fatally shot two suspected militants and arrested two others during a raid on the main island of Java.
    (AP, 12/25/16)
2016        Dec 25, Iran's currency plumbed new lows against the dollar, continuing a six-month decline that has seen the rial lose some 19 percent of its value despite the lifting of sanctions.
    (AFP, 12/25/16)
2016        Dec 25, Israel summoned representatives of states that supported a UN resolution demanding it halts settlement activity, while cutting civilian coordination with Palestinians by way of rebuke.
    (AFP, 12/25/16)
2016        Dec 25, Israeli ministers approved a bill that would allow a court to order sites such as Facebook and YouTube to remove material found to be "incitement," which they say contributes to Palestinian violence.
    (AFP, 12/26/16)
2016        Dec 25, In Israel a fire erupted in a fuel tank at Oil Refineries Ltd in Haifa, sending thick black smoke into the sky above the northern port city.
    (Reuters, 12/25/16)
2016        Dec 25, In Iraq separate bombings in and around Baghdad killed at least 11 civilians and wounded 34 others.
    (AP, 12/25/16)
2016        Dec 25, In Macedonia residents of the northwestern village of Tearce voted in an election rerun that could tilt the national election result. Only 307 votes separated the country's two main rivals nationally.
    (AP, 12/25/16)
2016        Dec 25, In Mali at least 20 people died after a boat capsized in the Timbuktu region.
    (SFC, 12/27/16, p.A2)
2016        Dec 25, In western Mexico six decapitated heads were discovered in Jiquilpan, Michoacan state. In Guerrero state gunmen shot to death seven people in the Atoyac de Alvarez. In Chihuahua nine people were killed during Christmas celebrations.
    (http://tinyurl.com/gwdo2a6)(SFC, 12/27/16, p.A2)
2016        Dec 25, In Myanmar a man was found dead with stab wounds in Rakhine State. The government said the next day that this was the second murder in under a week of a Rohingya who cooperated with authorities as they crack down on suspected insurgents.
    (Reuters, 12/26/16)
2016        Dec 25, In Nigeria two people were killed when part of a two-storey building in a police training college collapsed in Lagos.
    (Reuters, 12/25/16)
2016        Dec 25, Voters in Oman headed to the polls to choose municipal councilors in only the second local election held in the Gulf sultanate.
    (AFP, 12/25/16)
2016        Dec 25, Pakistani officials said 220 Indian fishermen have been released from a jail in Karachi and will be handed over to Indian authorities on Dec 26.
    (AP, 12/25/16)
2016        Dec 25, Typhoon Nock-ten slammed into central Philippines late today, bringing strong winds and heavy rains and cutting off power, but there were no immediate reports of casualties.
    (Reuters, 12/25/16)
2016        Dec 25, A Russian military Tu-154 plane carrying members of the world-famous Russian army choir to Syria crashed into the Black Sea killing 92 people on board.
    (AP, 12/25/16)
2016        Dec 25, A Saudi soldier was killed overnight in a cross-border firefight with Yemeni Huthi rebels. A Yemeni military official said that five rebels were killed in a coalition air raid in the southern Shabwa province. Also in Shabwa, 3 armed tribesman were killed in an ambush by fighters belonging to the Yemeni branch of Al-Qaeda.
    (AFP, 12/25/16)
2016        Dec 25, In Somalia's semi-autonomous Puntland region Al Shabaab Islamist militants in Bosasso shot dead military prosecutor Abdikarim Hassan Firdiye.
    (Reuters, 12/25/16)
2016        Dec 25, Sudan freed 20 political opponents detained since last month after they called for protests against rising fuel prices.
    (AFP, 12/26/16)
2016        Dec 25, In Syria residents of Damascus faced their third consecutive day of water shortages, with authorities accusing "terrorist groups" of deliberately poisoning water resources.
    (AFP, 12/25/16)
2016        Dec 25, In Syria at least 30 civilians were killed and many others were wounded after Islamic State launched an attack in the town of al-Bab to prevent people from fleeing.
    (Reuters, 12/26/16)
2016        Dec 25, In Uganda at least 30 members of a village football team and their fans drowned when their boat capsized on Lake Albert during a party.
    (AFP, 12/26/16)

2016        Dec 26, In Rhode Island the occupation of a tribal government building by a faction of the Narragansett tribe entered its seventh day. Occupiers included council members who impeached Chief Sachem Matthew Thomas and want him to step down.
    (SFC, 12/27/16, p.A6)
2016        Dec 26, In Afghanistan at least one police officer was killed after a car bomb exploded near the convoy of the deputy provincial police chief of southern Helmand province.
    (AP, 12/26/16)
2016        Dec 26, Argentine President Mauricio Macri sacked his finance minister Alfonso Prat-Gay, shaking up his economic team amid a stubborn recession that has made his center-right reforms deeply unpopular.
    (AFP, 12/26/16)
2016        Dec 26, In Bosnia a ban went into effect in Sarajevo on half of the city's cars from driving on city streets in an attempt to ease air pollution.
    (AP, 12/26/16)
2016        Dec 26, In Brazil Kyriakos Amoiridis (59), the Greek ambassador to Brazil, was last seen. His wife Francoise reported him missing on Dec 28. On Dec 29 his burned-out rental car was found with a body inside. On Dec 30 police said Françoise and police officer Sergio Moreira had arranged and possibly carried out the killing of Amiridis in a home where the diplomat and his wife were staying in a poor section in the northern suburb of Rio as Officer Sergio Moreira (29) confessed that he killed the ambassador.
     (AFP, 12/30/16)(Reuters, 12/30/16)(Reuters, 12/31/16)
2016        Dec 26, A court in central China jailed Xiao Tian, a former deputy sports minister who once sat on China's Olympics committee for 10 and a half years, after finding him guilty of bribery.
    (Reuters, 12/26/16)
2016        Dec 26, Chinese authorities handed down prison sentences to nine protesters in Wukan, a fishing village that's received international attention for its demonstrations against land seizures.
    (AP, 12/27/16)
2016        Dec 26, China and Sao Tome and Principe officially resumed diplomatic relations in a triumph for Beijing over rival Taiwan after the African island nation abruptly broke away from the self-ruled island last week.
    (AP, 12/26/16)
2016        Dec 26, Frenchman Thomas Coville sailed into the Brittany port of Brest completing his sail around the world alone, to set a new world record: 49 days, 3 hours, 7 minutes and 38 seconds.
    (AP, 12/26/16)
2016        Dec 26, In Germany several hundred peace activists started what they say will be a months-long protest march from Berlin to war-ravaged Syria to urge an end to the fighting there.
    (AP, 12/26/16)
2016        Dec 26, Iranian officials said hundreds of thousands of birds have been killed in recent weeks as avian flu spread across seven provinces of the country. State news said 63,000 chickens, along with 800,000 fertilized eggs and day-old chicks, were culled at a farm in Qazvin province in recent days after an outbreak of the deadly H1N8 and H1N5 strains of the disease.
    (AFP, 12/26/16)
2016        Dec 26, Officials said Japan and the US have agreed in principle on guidelines for limiting immunity from Japanese prosecution for civilian workers at American military bases, following a murder case this year on a southern Japanese island involving a Marine-turned-contractor.
    (AP, 12/26/16)
2016        Dec 26, Japanese PM Shinzo Abe stopped at several memorials in Hawaii, one day before he visits the site of the 1941 bombing of Pearl Harbor during a trip intended to show a strong alliance between his country and the United States.
    (Reuters, 12/27/16)
2016        Dec 26, A Kuwaiti criminal court sentenced a Filipina to 10 years in prison for pledging allegiance to the Islamic State group.
    (AP, 12/27/16)
2016        Dec 26, Forces loyal to Libya's eastern government carried out an air strike against opponents in the central Jufra region.
    (Reuters, 12/26/16)
2016        Dec 26, Hundreds of Mongolians braved frigid weather to stage a protest in the country's capital demanding that the government do more to address worsening air pollution that they fear is sickening their children and shortening their lives.
    (AP, 12/26/16)
2016        Dec 26, Nigerian troops foiled an attempt by two female suicide bombers to attack a cattle market in the restive city of Maiduguri. One of the bombers was killed, while the other was arrested.     
    (AFP, 12/26/16)
2016        Dec 26, In Oman an appeals court lifted a ban on the Azamn (al-Zaman) newspaper which was forced to close in August after it published an article alleging government corruption. The court also decided to acquit journalist Zaher al-Abri and reduced prison sentences handed down by a lower court to editor-in-chief Ibrahim al-Maamari and his deputy Yousef al-Haj.
    (AFP, 12/26/16)(AP, 12/26/16)
2016        Dec 26, Typhoon Nock-ten blew out of the northern Philippines after killing at least six people and spoiling Christmas in several provinces, where more than 380,000 people abandoned celebrations at home to reach emergency shelters and other safer grounds.
    (AP, 12/26/16)
2016        Dec 26, In the Philippines 18 crewmen were missing from the cargo ship M/V Starlite Atlantic after it sank at the height of Typhoon Nock-Ten. 14 other crewmen were rescued and one died after the ship sank off Mabini town in Batangas province.
    (AP, 12/27/16)
2016        Dec 26, Russia’s Defense Ministry said its troops have found mass graves in Syria’s Aleppo with bodies showing signs of torture and mutilation.
    (SFC, 12/27/16, p.A3)
2016        Dec 26, Saudi Arabia’s interior minister said more than 2,000 Saudis are fighting abroad with jihadist groups, with over 70 percent of them in Syria.
    (AFP, 12/26/16)
2016        Dec 26, Serbian authorities arrested three men on suspicion of people trafficking after 77 migrants were found hidden in cargo vehicles.
    (Reuters, 12/26/16)
2016        Dec 26, In Syria a US coalition airstrike killed Abu Jandal al-Kuwaiti, a member of Islamic State's war committee, by the Tabqa Dam, a strategic objective in Raqqa city.
    (Reuters, 12/29/16)
2016        Dec 26, Thailand said police have detained nine people suspected of hacking government websites to protest against amendments to a cyber security law that critics say strengthens the authorities' oversight of the internet.
    (Reuters, 12/26/16)

2016        Dec 27, US President-elect Donald Trump announced that Thomas Bossert, former deputy homeland security adviser to President George W. Bush, would be his White House adviser on security and counterterrorism issues.
    (Reuters, 12/27/16)
2016        Dec 27, In Hawaii Japanese PM Shinzo Abe met with President Obama to pay their respects at the site of the surprise Japanese attack against Pearl Harbor over 75 years ago that drew the United States into World War II.
    (CSM, 12/28/16)
2016        Dec 27, US electric car maker Tesla and Japanese electronics company Panasonic said they plan to begin production of solar cells at a factory in Buffalo, NY.
    (AP, 12/27/16)
2016        Dec 27, Carrie Fisher (b.1956), the 1977 "Star Wars" character Princess Leia, died in Los Angeles following a massive heart attack. An autopsy later revealed that Fisher had cocaine and other drugs in her system.
    (AP, 12/28/16)(SFC, 6/20/17, p.A5)
2016        Dec 27, In Argentina former Pres. Cristina Fernandez was indicted in a corruption case involving public works. Two aides and businessman Lazaro Baez were also named.
    (SFC, 12/28/16, p.A4)
2016        Dec 27, The British government announced plans to crack down on voter fraud by requiring voters to show official identification at polling stations, tightening rules on absentee ballots and preventing political activists from handling absentee ballots.
    (SFC, 12/28/16, p.A2)
2016        Dec 27, Research led by the Zoological Society of London (ZSL) said the Cheetah, the world's fastest land animal, is in danger of extinction because it is running out of space. The study said there are now just 7,100 cheetahs in the world.
    (Reuters, 12/27/16)
2016        Dec 27, Brazil's Foreign Ministry said it's trying to find Brazilian migrants who disappeared during an attempt to reach the United States by way of the Bahamas. Families of the missing migrants lost contact with them on Nov 6, and reported the issue to authorities on Nov 15.
    (AP, 12/27/16)
2016        Dec 27, A court in Cambodia sentenced the exiled opposition leader Sam Rainsy to five years in prison after finding him guilty of conspiring to incite chaos by posting misleading documents on his Facebook page.
    (AP, 12/27/16)
2016        Dec 27, In southwestern Congo floods triggered by two days of heavy rains and a river bursting its banks killed at least 50 people and left thousands more homeless.
    (AP, 12/29/16)
2016        Dec 27, Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi approved a law, passed a day earlier, to set up a council headed by his appointees that oversees the media and ensures compliance with "national security" requirements.
    (AFP, 12/27/16)
2016        Dec 27, In Estonia US Sen. John McCain pledged US support to the security of Russia's three Baltic neighbors amid worries that the US may not be fully committed to the defense of NATO allies following statements by President-elect Donald Trump.
    (AP, 12/27/16)
2016        Dec 27, Iran’s media said Mehdi Karroubi (79), a leading member of the opposition National Trust, announced he is quitting his party. He has been under house arrest for almost six years.
    (AFP, 12/27/16)
2016        Dec 27, Iraqi journalist Afrah Sawqi al-Qaisi was kidnapped after gunmen broke into her Baghdad home. The veteran journalist and employee of the Iraqi Culture Ministry is a leading critic of the country's endemic corruption. Al-Qaisi was released on Jan 3.
    (AP, 12/27/16)(AP, 1/4/17)
2016        Dec 27, In Iraq an air strike disabled the last bridge linking eastern and western Mosul, a city Iraqi forces are fighting to retake from jihadists.
    (AFP, 12/28/16)
2016        Dec 27, Israel's foreign ministry said the country was "reducing" ties with nations that voted for last week's UN Security Council resolution demanding a halt to settlement building in Palestinian territory.
    (AFP, 12/27/16)
2016        Dec 27, Mozambique's opposition leader Afonso Dhlakama said Renamo will cease all military operations against government forces for the next seven days to allow the public to enjoy New Year festivities.
    (Reuters, 12/27/16)
2016        Dec 27, Nigerian minister Mohamed Bazoum said 31 young people from Diffa, who were enrolled a few years ago in Boko Haram, have decided to surrender.
    (Reuters, 12/28/16)
2016        Dec 27, Pakistan reported that at least 31 people have died from drinking tainted liquor over the Christmas holiday. A total of 19 people died today, and 12 a day earlier in eastern Punjab province.
    (AP, 12/27/16)
2016        Dec 27, Philippine authorities said they have seized about 6 billion pesos ($120 million) worth of methamphetamines in a series of anti-narcotics operations this month that have yielded the biggest haul in the country's history. The anti-narcotics operations have led to the arrest of 10 suspects, including three Chinese nationals.
    (Reuters, 12/27/16)(AP, 12/27/16)
2016        Dec 27, Romania's president sparked fresh political turmoil after blocking a proposal by the leftist Social Democrats (PSD) party that won elections this month to appoint Sevil Shhaideh (52), as the EU country's first female and first Muslim prime minister.
    (AFP, 12/27/16)
2016        Dec 27, Representatives of Russia, China and Pakistan met in Moscow and warned that the influence of Islamic State (IS) was growing in Afghanistan and that the security situation there was deteriorating.
    (Reuters, 12/27/16)
2016        Dec 27, Russian rescuers the clock found the main black box from the Syria-bound military plane that crashed Dec 25 into the Black Sea with 92 people on board.
    (AFP, 12/27/16)
2016        Dec 27, Russia activated a pipeline carrying Russian gas to Crimea with President Vladimir Putin hailing it as a step that would power economic growth on a peninsula Moscow annexed from Ukraine in 2014.
    (Reuters, 12/27/16)
2016        Dec 27, Russia said that a US decision to ease restrictions on arming Syrian rebels had opened the way for deliveries of shoulder-fired anti-aircraft missiles, a move it said would directly threaten Russian forces in Syria.
    (Reuters, 12/27/16)
2016        Dec 27, Somalia swore in new lawmakers after weeks of voting in a complex political process seen as its most democratic election in nearly five decades, despite significant flaws.
    (AFP, 12/27/16)
2016        Dec 27, South Korea said 26 million head of poultry will be culled over the next 24 hours after the H5N6 strain of avian influenza was found in farms and parks.
    (SFC, 12/28/16, p.A2)
2016        Dec 27, In Syria a US-backed alliance of militias said it has made unexpectedly rapid gains against Islamic State near its Syrian headquarters in Raqqa, advancing to within a few kilometers of a major dam.
    (Reuters, 12/27/16)
2016        Dec 27, Thai police put more pressure on the wealthy, politically influential Buddhist Dhammakaya temple where the leader is wanted for alleged money laundering and related crimes involving millions of dollars of embezzled funds.
    (AP, 12/27/16)
2016        Dec 27, Ukrainian female combat pilot Nadya Savchenko, who served time in a Russian prison, launched her own opposition movement: RUNA, an acronym for the Movement of Ukraine's Active People. She said the movement would be transformed into a political party when the time was right. Ukraine's pro-Moscow insurgents released two women they had held captive thanks to the intervention of Nadya Savchenko.
    (AFP, 12/27/16)
2016        Dec 27, In southern Yemen at least 28 Huthi insurgents and 12 Yemeni soldiers were killed in Shabwa province as government forces pushed to capture a rebel enclave.
    (AFP, 12/27/16)

2016        Dec 28, Pres. Obama designated two new national monuments. The Bears Ears National Monument in Utah encompassed 300,000 acres. Gold Butte National Monument in Nevada protected 1.35 million acres.
    (SFC, 12/29/16, p.A5)(Econ, 1/14/17, p.27)
2016        Dec 28, The New York City Police Dept. announced new rules allowing Sikh officers to wear turbans and grow beards up to a half-inch long.
    (SFC, 12/30/16, p.A6)
2016        Dec 28, Debbie Reynolds (84), the "Singin' in the Rain" actress who tap-danced her way into American hearts as a star of Hollywood's Golden Age, died in Beverly Hills of a stroke, grief-stricken over daughter Carrie Fisher's death a day earlier.
    (AFP, 12/29/16)
2016        Dec 28, In Bahrain Nabeel Rajab, a leading human rights activist on trial for tweets alleging rights abuses, was freed on bail after months in detention, but was immediately re-arrested in a separate case.
    (Reuters, 12/28/16)
2016        Dec 28, The British Home Office said immigration officers have raided nearly 300 nail salons and arrested 97 people, mostly from Vietnam, for suspected immigration offences as part of a drive to tackle modern slavery.
    (Reuters, 12/28/16)
2016        Dec 28, Oil company BP said it has agreed to buy the fuel business of Australian supermarket chain Woolworths Ltd for $1.3 billion as part of its efforts to rebuild itself.
    (AP, 12/28/16)
2016        Dec 28, In China attackers drove a car into a government building in the far western region of Xinjiang and set off an explosive device killing one person. All four of the attackers were shot dead.
    (Reuters, 12/28/16)
2016        Dec 28, In China companies running 605 coal-fired power plants were fined a total of 328 million yuan ($47 million) by the country's economic planning agency for breaching environmental rules and falsifying data to claim green subsidies.
    (Reuters, 12/29/16)
2016        Dec 28, Colombia's Congress passed a law granting amnesty to Marxist FARC rebels as part of the country's peace deal.
    (AFP, 12/29/16)
2016        Dec 28, French President Francois Hollande pardoned Jacqueline Sauvage, who had been convicted for the murder of her violent husband. She had been sentenced to 10 years in jail for shooting dead her husband in 2012 after he beat her up for decades.
    (Reuters, 12/28/16)
2016        Dec 28, German authorities approved government funding for more than 54,000 migrants to return to their homelands this year, paving the way for a significant increase in voluntary departures.
    (AP, 12/28/16)
2016        Dec 28, Israel released some 200,000 documents online from past government inquiries into the disappearance of about 1,000 children, mostly Jewish immigrants from Yemen and other Arab countries who disappeared in the late 1940s and early 1950s.
    (AP, 12/28/16)
2016        Dec 28, In Israel a Jerusalem municipal panel approved construction of a four-storey building for Jewish settlers in East Jerusalem after postponing a vote on permits for hundreds of other homes in the Israeli-annexed area.
    (Reuters, 12/28/16)
2016        Dec 28, In Japan government authorities filed papers demanding prosecutorial charges against an unidentified Dentsu employee suspected of driving Matsuri Takahashi (24) to suicide from overwork. Takahashi was clocking 100 hours of overtime a month before she jumped from her company dorm balcony in December 2015.
    (AP, 12/28/16)
2016        Dec 28, In Latvia US senators visiting eastern European allies to discuss security issues called for sanctions against Russia for interfering in the presidential election by hacking American political sites and email accounts.
    (AP, 12/29/16)
2016        Dec 28, Lebanon's parliament overwhelmingly approved a national unity Cabinet headed by PM Saad Hariri.
    (AP, 12/28/16)
2016        Dec 28, Mexico’s federal consumer protection agency announced that it was investigating whether some gas stations may be hoarding fuel until January, as is widely rumored. Gasoline shortages in many parts of the country have forced grumbling customers to contend with hours-long lines.
    (AP, 12/31/16)
2016        Dec 28, In southwest Nepal a herd of elephants attacked a village, killing one person and wounding two others. The elephants attacked Praseni village at dawn, when there was not much light and poor visibility due to winter fog.
    (AP, 12/28/16)
2016        Dec 28, Nigerian police said a plot to blow up a major bridge in Lagos has been foiled following the arrest of a 43-year-old man suspected of being part of a gang that planned to carry out the attack.
    (Reuters, 12/29/16)
2016        Dec 28, International observer body the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) confirmed being the victim of a "major" cyber-attack in early November. The Russian hacker’s group APT28 was believed to be behind the attack.
    (AFP, 12/28/16)
2016        Dec 28, Pakistan's PM Nawaz Sharif inaugurated a 340 MW nuclear power plant built with Chinese aid, the third of four such projects aimed at addressing longtime energy shortages.
    (AP, 12/28/16)
2016        Dec 28, Qatar Airways said it has purchased a 10-percent stake in Chile's LATAM Airlines Group for $608 million.
    (AP, 12/29/16)
2016        Dec 28, Russian investigators said they had opened a criminal case into a group of men who filmed themselves crushing a bear to death by repeatedly driving over it in off-road vehicles in the Siberian tundra.
    (Reuters, 12/28/16)
2016        Dec 28, South Korea's antitrust regulator slapped a 1.03 trillion won ($865 million) fine on Qualcomm Inc. for allegedly violating competition laws.
    (AP, 12/28/16)
2016        Dec 28, Madrid said all privately-owned cars with even-numbered registration plates will be banned from the Spanish capital's roads tomorrow to curb rising air pollution.
    (Reuters, 12/28/16)
2016        Dec 28, Sudanese lawmakers voted to bring back the post of prime minister, a position abolished after President Omar al-Bashir came to power in a 1989 Islamist-backed coup.
    (AFP, 12/28/16)
2016        Dec 28, In eastern Syria air strikes carried out by unidentified aircraft killed at least 22 civilians, including 10 children, in a village held by the Islamic State group.
    (AFP, 12/28/16)
2016        Dec 28, In Tunisia at least five people were killed and more than 50 injured on when a train slammed into a public bus before dawn near Tunis.
    (AFP, 12/28/16)
2016        Dec 28, Turkish state media said Turkey and Russia have agreed a ceasefire for all of Syria that should come into force at midnight, but rebel groups said no such official truce had been agreed.
    (AFP, 12/28/16)
2016        Dec 28, Turkish security said one Turkish soldier and two Kurdish militants died as a result of clashes overnight in the eastern province of Tunceli.
    (Reuters, 12/28/16)
2016        Dec 28, Uruguay's last military dictator, General Gregorio "El Goyo" Alvarez (91), died of heart failure. He was serving a 25-year prison sentence for human rights violations committed during his 1981-1985 dictatorship.
    (AFP, 12/28/16)
2016        Dec 28, Pope Francis sent a letter to bishops around the world saying they must adhere to a policy of zero tolerance for clergy who sexually abuse children.
    (Reuters, 1/2/17)

2016        Dec 29, Pres. Obama sanctioned Russian intelligence services and their top officials, kicked out 35 Russian officials and shuttered two Russian-owned compounds in the US in response to Russian election hacking.
    (SFC, 12/30/16, p.A1)
2016        Dec 29, Michael Flynn, the national security advisor to US Pres.-elect Donald Trump, spoke on the phone in Washington to Russian ambassador Sergei Kislyak. Flynn later denied having discussed the new US sanctions against Russia, but it turned out that he did. On Feb 13, 2017, Pres. Donald Trump removed Flynn as national security advisor.
    (Econ, 2/18/17, p.10, 21)
2016        Dec 29, In Ohio a small plane carrying six people vanished over Lake Erie. The plane was piloted by John T. Fleming, the executive chief of a Columbus-based beverage company.
    (SFC, 12/31/16, p.A7)
2016        Dec 29, Albania's Central Election Commission canceled the mandates of two members of Parliament and a mayor because of their criminal records. Prosecutors said Dashamir Tahiri of the main opposition Democratic Party, Shkelqim Selami of the Socialist Movement for Integration, and of Kavaja Mayor Elvis Roshi had convictions in Italy and Switzerland for crimes that included money laundering, drug distribution and human trafficking.
    (AP, 12/29/16)
2016        Dec 29, At least three soldiers were reported killed in a border skirmish between Armenian and Azerbaijani troops.
    (AP, 12/29/16)
2016        Dec 29, Bangladesh said some 50,000 Rohingya Muslims have fled to its territory from Myanmar, seeking shelter from a bloody crackdown by the army.
    (AFP, 12/29/16)
2016        Dec 29, Prosecutors in Bosnia charged Dragan Vikic, the commander of special police units in Sarajevo during the 1992-95 siege of the city by Bosnian Serb forces, along with three other former officers, with war crimes over the execution of eight captured enemy combatants.
    (AP, 12/29/16)
2016        Dec 29, Egypt's Cabinet approved the transfer of two Red Sea islands to Saudi Arabia despite protests earlier this year and a court ruling the transfer unconstitutional.
    (AP, 12/30/16)
2016        Dec 29, A Finnish court sentenced Jari Aarnio (59), the former chief detective of the Helsinki police drug squad, to ten years in prison for taking part in a drug smuggling ring. He reportedly played a key role in helping a gang smuggle nearly 800 kg (1,750 pounds) of hashish from the Netherlands into Finland in 2011 and 2012.
    (AFP, 12/29/16)
2016        Dec 29, Gambia's president ordered the electoral commission building taken over by police on December 13 to reopen, saying it had been shut for safety reasons. Gambia is facing prolonged political deadlock as Pres. Jammeh has said he will await a Supreme Court ruling, delayed until January 10, before ceding power.
    (AFP, 12/29/16)
2016        Dec 29, In eastern India a coal mine collapse killed at least 10 workers and 13 others may be trapped by the mound of fallen earth at the Rajmahal Open Cast Mines in Jharkhand state. By Dec 31 the bodies of 16 of 23 trapped workers were recovered.
    (AP, 12/30/16)(AP, 12/31/16)
2016        Dec 29, Iraqi security forces began the second phase of their offensive against Islamic State militants in Mosul, pushing from three directions into eastern districts where the battle has been deadlocked for nearly a month.
    (Reuters, 12/29/16)
2016        Dec 29, Israeli media reported that the attorney general Avichai Mandelblit has decided to order a criminal probe against PM Benjamin Netanyahu and he is to soon be questioned by police.
    (AFP, 12/29/16)
2016        Dec 29, Kosovo's Parliament voted to demolish a concrete wall erected by the Serb ethnic minority in the northern city of Mitrovica that the government sees as a statement of defiance.
    (AP, 12/29/16)
2016        Dec 29, In a video posted on YouTube, Nigeria’s Boko Haram leader Abubakar Shekau announced: "I am here, well and alive" and that "the battle is just beginning." He urged his followers, in graphic terms, to continue the campaign.
    (AP, 12/31/16)
2016        Dec 29, A Polish court handed prison sentences to a businessman and two waiters convicted in the illegal wiretapping of top Polish politicians in expensive Warsaw restaurants.
    (AP, 12/29/16)
2016        Dec 29, Puerto Rico said it has been awarded more than $2 million in US federal funds to fight Zika across mountain communities in the territory's interior.
    (AP, 12/29/16)
2016        Dec 29, Russia's security agencies said they have arrested seven people in Dagestan suspected of preparing New Year's terror attacks in Moscow on orders from the Islamic State group in Syria. One police officer and two suspected militants were killed in a shootout outside the city of Khasavyurt, Dagestan.
    (AP, 12/29/16)(AP, 12/30/16)
2016        Dec 29, Serbia signed a deal to buy nine light choppers from Airbus Helicopters amid tensions in the region triggered by Russia's donation of jet fighters to the Balkan state.
    (AP, 12/29/16)
2016        Dec 29, In Spain Madrid's town hall said smog levels have dropped enough to allow the city to end unprecedented restrictions it had announced on vehicle circulation.
    (AP, 12/29/16)
2016        Dec 29, Syria's army and key ally Russia announced a nationwide ceasefire to take effect at midnight, in a major potential breakthrough after nearly six years of civil war. The ceasefire did not include Islamic State or the Kurdish YPG militia.
    (AFP, 12/29/16)(Reuters, 12/29/16)
2016        Dec 29, Syrian Kurdish groups and their allies said they have approved a blueprint for a system of federal government in northern Syria, reaffirming their plans for autonomy in areas they have controlled during the civil war.
    (Reuters, 12/29/16)
2016        Dec 29, Thailand's military government granted the king power to appoint the Buddhist country's top monk, a move aimed at resolving a bitter power struggle over the venerated post.
    (AFP, 12/29/16)
2016        Dec 29, Tunisian security forces said that they had broken up an al Qaeda-linked militant cell with 10 members that was active near the coastal city of Sousse.
    (Reuters, 12/29/16)
2016        Dec 29, An Istanbul court ordered the release of Asli Erdogan, one of Turkey's most celebrated novelists after over four months in jail on charges of terror propaganda, along with Necmiye Alpay, an internationally prominent linguist and author of widely praised translations of Western novels into Turkish. She has been held behind bars for 120 days. Zana Kaya, editorial director of the pro-Kurdish newspaper Ozgur Gundem was also ordered released. Authorities detained prize-winning journalist Ahmet Sik in a separate case over a succession of tweets and articles for an opposition daily.
    (AFP, 12/29/16)
2016        Dec 29, Venezuela’s Pres. Maduro again extended the deadline to stop using 100-bolivar bills. People will now have until Jan 20 to stop using the old bills.
    (SSFC, 1/1/17, p.A5)

2016        Dec 30, Huston Smith (b.1919), renowned scholar of religion, died at his home in Berkeley, Ca. He is best known for his book “Religions of Man" (1958). It was later abridged and retitled “The World’s Religions" (1991).
    (SFC, 1/3/17, p.A10)
2016        Dec 30, A divided Connecticut Supreme Court reinstated the murder conviction of Kennedy cousin Michael Skakel in the 1975 murder of Martha Moxley.
    (SFC, 12/31/16, p.A7)
2016        Dec 30, Hawaii’s last sugar mill shut down after 145 years of state production. The refinery will remain open, but the sugar will come from foreign and domestic cane fields other than Hawaii.
    (SSFC, 1/15/17, p.A2)
2016        Dec 30, Massachusetts Gov. Charlie Baker signed a bill aimed at delaying the opening of marijuana shops by six months to mid-2018.
    (SFC, 12/31/16, p.A6)
2016        Dec 30, Pennsylvania state Trooper Landon Weaver (23) was shot and killed while responding to a domestic complaint in Huntingdon County. Jason Robison (32) was arrested the next day at a mobile home in the area.
    (SSFC, 1/1/17, p.A7)
2016        Dec 30, Vermont’s Burlington Electric Department confirmed it had found on one of its laptops the malware code used in Grizzly Steppe, the name Homeland Security has applied to a Russian campaign linked to recent hacks.
    (AP, 12/31/16)
2016        Dec 30, Austrian police said they have arrested 50 people and seized cocaine, heroin, marijuana and amphetamines following a three-year investigation into a suspected drug-smuggling ring.
    (AP, 12/30/16)
2016        Dec 30, Former British pub owner Allan Williams (86), the first manager of The Beatles, died. He drove the band on their formative trip to Hamburg in 1960.
    (AP, 12/31/16)
2016        Dec 30, China’s government said it will ease restrictions on foreign investment in sectors ranging from banking and internet services to rail equipment and motorcycles, in response to mounting complaints from foreign business groups and governments.
    (AP, 12/30/16)
2016        Dec 30, Central China Television (CCTV) unveiled several new mobile apps under the China Global Television Network (CGTN) brand, and visitors to CCTV's non-Chinese language websites were directed to a new http://www.cgtn.com site. The broadcaster says it made the move to "integrate resources and to adapt to the trend of media convergence," with foreign language channels, video content and digital media falling under the new group.
    (AP, 12/31/16)
2016        Dec 30, China’s government said it will ban all ivory trade and processing by the end of 2017, in a move hailed by conservationists as a "game changer" for African elephants.
    (AFP, 12/31/16)
2016        Dec 30, A Chinese court said Disney has won a copyright dispute over a Chinese knock-off of its animated movie 'Cars', a rare victory for a foreign firm in a country famous for counterfeits.
    (AFP, 12/30/16)
2016        Dec 30, In China the Beipanjiang Bridge, the world's highest, opened to traffic, connecting two provinces in the mountainous southwest. The bridge cut travel times between Xuanwei in Yunnan to Shuicheng in Guizhou from more than four hours to around one.
    (AFP, 12/30/16)
2016        Dec 30, Indian PM Narendra Modi announced a slew of incentives to the poor, farmers, women and small businesses in a special New Year's address. He defended his shock decision to abolish high denomination bank notes as the window to exchange old notes closed.
    (Reuters, 12/31/16)(Econ, 1/7/17, p.53)
2016        Dec 30, In western India six migrant workers, who had been locked inside a bakery by their employer, suffocated to death in a fire. This triggered calls for decades-old labor laws to be implemented to crack down on worker exploitation and abuse.
    (Reuters, 1/3/17)
2016        Dec 30, Iraqi forces faced car bombs and fierce resistance from Islamic State militants in southern Mosul, the second day of a renewed push to take back the city after fighting stalled for several weeks.
    (Reuters, 12/30/16)
2016        Dec 30, In Israel a Palestinian woman was shot and wounded after approaching an Israeli security checkpoint near Jerusalem with a knife.
    (AFP, 12/30/16)
2016        Dec 30, Italy said it will seek to deport more migrants who have no right to be in the country and will open new detention centers to hold them before their expulsion.
    (Reuters, 12/31/16)
2016        Dec 30, Puerto Rico Governor Alejandro Garcia Padilla came under fire for pardoning several convicted criminals including two politicians found guilty of lewd acts and sexual harassment against female employees. Padilla urged Governor-elect Ricardo Rossello to demand that a federal control board overseeing government finances move immediately to restructure much of its nearly $70 billion in debt.
    (AP, 12/30/16)(AP, 12/31/16)
2016        Dec 30, Romania's Pres. Klaus Iohannis named social-democrat Sorin Grindeanu (43) as the nation's new prime minister, bringing to a close weeks of uncertainty since the left won a parliamentary vote on December 11.
    (AFP, 12/30/16)
2016        Dec 30, In western Syria clashes shelling and air raids marred a Russian- and Turkish-backed ceasefire. Syrian government warplanes carried out nearly 20 raids against rebels in several towns along the provincial boundary between Idlib and Hama. Warplanes and helicopters also struck northwest of Damascus in the rebel-held Wadi Barada valley, where government troops and allied forces clashed with rebels.
    (Reuters, 12/30/16)
2016        Dec 30, A Turkish parliamentary commission cleared a set of draft constitutional amendments that would greatly expand the powers of Pres. Recep Tayyip Erdogan.
    (AP, 12/30/16)
2016        Dec 30, In southern Turkey police detained some 40 suspected Islamic State group militants in raids in Adana.
    (AP, 12/30/16)
2016        Dec 30, The Turkish military said Russian fighter jets have hit three Islamic State targets around the northern Syrian town of al-Bab over the past 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 12/30/16)

2016        Dec 31, In southern California “MASH" actor William Christopher (84) died in Pasadena. He played the role of Father Francis Mulcahy on the TV series.
    (SFC, 1/2/17, p.A4)
2016        Dec 31, David Meltzer (b.1937), poet and musician, died at his home in Oakland, Ca. His books included more than 40 volumes of poetry and the non-fiction works such as “Reading Jazz" (1993).
    (SFC, 1/3/17, p.A4)
2016        Dec 31, In Chicago hundreds of people marched carrying crosses for each of 762 people slain in the city this year.
    (SSFC, 1/1/17, p.A7)(SFC, 1/2/17, p.A4)
2016        Dec 31, In Texas a federal judge granted a temporary injunction that stope federal health officials from enforcing rules that are intended to ban discrimination by doctors and hospitals against transgender people.
    (SSFC, 1/1/17, p.A8)
2016        Dec 31, In Texas three people were killed when two small planes collided near McKinney.
    (SFC, 1/2/17, p.A4)
2016        Dec 31, In Bangladesh Manzurul Islam Liton, a national legislator from PM Sheikh Hasina's Awami League party, was shot at his home in Gaibandha district.
    (AP, 1/1/17)
2016        Dec 31, In Brazil a gunman stormed a house party and killed 13 people and himself late today during New Year celebrations in the southeastern city of Campinas. The shooter was believed to have been angry over a separation from his former wife, who was among those killed. The couple's 8-year-old son also died.
    (Reuters, 1/1/17)(SFC, 1/2/17, p.A2)
2016        Dec 31, In southern England the RMT union launched a three-day strike on Southern Rail, which runs commuter services from the south coast into London, as part of a long-running dispute over plans to downgrade the role of the train guard.
    (AFP, 12/31/16)
2016        Dec 31, Chinese media reported that Gao Baoyu, the chairman of China's Ying Kou Port Group, was sentenced to 14 years in prison for accepting around 26.8 million yuan (3.13 million pounds) in bribes. China’s corruption watchdog said it has recovered 2.3 billion yuan ($331.27 million) in losses from graft in the first 11 months of this year from across more than 70 different regions and countries.
    (Reuters, 12/31/16)
2016        Dec 31, China’s official Xinhua news agency reported that 16 people, including two surgeons, have been jailed for between two and five years for trafficking in human organs, a practice still widespread in the country.
    (AFP, 12/31/16)
2016        Dec 31, Colombia's National Liberation Army, which has been fighting the government for more than five decades, freed businessman Octavio Figueroa. He had been held since March.
    (AFP, 12/31/16)
2016        Dec 31, An Egyptian appeals court upheld an agreement to give control of two islands in the Red Sea to Saudi Arabia.
    (Reuters, 12/31/16)
2016        Dec 31, In Egypt an explosion targeting a security vehicle in the Sinai peninsula killed one junior officer and one soldier and injured another soldier.
    (AP, 12/31/16)
2016        Dec 31, Gambian President Yahya Jammeh accused the West African regional bloc ECOWAS of declaring war after demanding that he stand down following his defeat at the ballot box.
    (AFP, 1/1/17)
2016        Dec 31, In Germany police detained hundreds of North African men in Cologne in an effort to prevent a repeat of sexual assaults during New year’s festivities there a year ago.
    (SFC, 1/2/17, p.A2)
2016        Dec 31, In India several women were groped and assaulted by a mob in the Bangalore central business district as they celebrated New Year's Eve. The assaults spurred women's rights activists to demand that police investigate.
    (Reuters, 1/3/17)
2016        Dec 31, In Iraq three bombs killed 29 people in Baghdad as fighting intensified in the northern city of Mosul, where Iraqi government forces are trying to rout Islamic State militants from their last major stronghold in the country.
    (Reuters, 12/31/16)
2016        Dec 31, In northeastern Nigeria one person was seriously injured when a suicide bomber aged around 10 blew herself up in a New Year's Eve attack in Maiduguri.
    (AFP, 1/1/17)
2016        Dec 31, In Poland Daniel R. and another Pole took two bottles of a beverage from the Prince Kebab restaurant in Elk, without paying. In the ensuing brawl, a 26-year-old Tunisian cook stabbed Daniel R. twice with his knife.
    (AP, 1/2/17)
2016        Dec 31, A South Korean court issued an arrest warrant for Moon Hyung-pyo, the head of the national pension fund, the world's third largest, in a corruption scandal that has led to President Park Geun-hye's impeachment.
    (Reuters, 12/31/16)
2016        Dec 31, In South Korea large crowds gathered to join another rally demanding the ouster of impeached President Park Geun-hye, who's determined to restore her powers through a court trial.
    (AP, 12/31/16)
2016        Dec 31, Sudanese President Omar Hassan al-Bashir announced a one-month extension of his unilateral ceasefire in fighting with rebels in the country's war zones.
    (Reuters, 1/1/17)
2016        Dec 31, Syrian rebel groups threatened to abandon a two-day-old truce if violations continued, and urged the UN Security Council not to endorse the deal until the Syrian government and its ally Russia had shown they would respect it.
    (Reuters, 12/31/16)
2016        Dec 31, Venezuela's government freed former presidential candidate Manuel Rosales along with five other activists who were jailed during anti-government protests in 2014.
    (AP, 12/31/16)

2016        Dec, In North Dakota a rupture of the Belle Fourche Pipeline near Belfield was later believed to have been caused by a slumping hillside. On March 24, 2017, estimates of the spill were tripled to about 530,000 gallons.
    (SFC, 3/25/17, p.A5)
2016        Dec, Astronomers reported that several craters on the dwarf planet Ceres contain ice. Ceres is the largest object in the asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter.
    (SFC, 12/19/16, p.C2)
2016        Dec, Ecuador’s environmental ministry said it would shut down Accion Ecologica, a group that backed the Shuar people in a fight over the opening of a copper mine.
    (Econ, 2/11/17, p.29)
2016        Dec, Haki Africa, a Kenya-based human rights group, published the names of 81 people, almost all young Muslim men, who it said were killed or disappeared by police since 2012.
    (Econ, 2/18/17, p.39)
2016        Dec, In Puntland six teenage boys forced the girls, aged 14 and 16, into a car and drove them close to the Ethiopian border where they stripped and raped them, taking photographs and video. Clan elders initially proposed that the perpetrators' families pay each of the girls' families 100 camels in compensation - an offer they rejected.
    (Reuters, 1/19/17)
2016        Dec, In Russia Ruslan Stoyanov, head of Kaspersky Labs computer incidents investigations unit, was arrested. Stoyanov was arrested along with a senior Russian FSB intelligence officer and both faced charges of treason. Kaspersky later said the investigation dated back to the time before Stoyanov was hired by Kaspersky.
    (AP, 1/25/17)
2016        Dec, Foreign analysts estimated that as many as 60% of workers in Turkmenistan are in effect unemployed.
    (Econ, 12/17/16, p.36)
2016        Dec, In Uganda the number of refugees since last July from South Sudan has increased from 250,000 to almost 600,000. New arrivals were crossing the border at a rate of 25,000 a week.
    (Econ, 12/10/16, p.49)
2016        Dec, Venezuela was suspended from Mercosur, a South American trade block, for violating its democratic principles.
    (Econ, 1/28/17, p.12)

2016        Timothy Garton Ash authored “Free Speech."
    (Econ, 6/4/16, p.55)
2016        Richard Askwith authored “Today We Die a Little! The Inimitable Emil Zatopek, the Greatest Runner of All Time." The Czech runner won four golds and one silver at the 1948 and 1952 Olympic games in 1948 and 1952.
    (Econ, 6/11/16, p.84)
2016        Sarah Bakewell authored “At the Existential Café: Freedom, Being and Apricot Cocktails."
    (Econ, 3/26/16, p.94)
2016        Richard Baldwin authored “The Great Convergence: Information Technology and the New Generation."
    (Econ, 11/19/16, p.71)
2016        Philip Ball authored “The Water Kingdom: A Secret History of China."
    (Econ, 9/10/16, p.69)
2016        Jason Barr authored “Building the Skyline: The Birth and Growth of Manhattan’s Skyscrapers."
    (Econ, 8/20/16, p.72)
2016        Daniel Beer authored “The House of the Dead: Siberian Exile Under the Tsars."
    (Econ, 8/20/16, p.71)
2016        Benjamin Bergen authored "What the F: What Swearing Reveals About Our Language, Our Brains, and Ourselves."
    (Econ, 10/8/16, p.77)
2016        John Bloom authored “Eccentric Orbits: The Iridium Story."
    (Econ, 7/2/16, p.73)
2016        British China-watcher Kerry Brown authored “CEO, China: The Rise of Xi Jinping."
    (Econ, 7/23/16, p.66)
2016        Heather Boushey authored “Finding Time: The Economics of Work-Life Conflict."
    (Econ, 9/10/16, p.65)
2016        Samuel Buell authored “Capital Offenses: Business Crime and Punishment in America’s Corporate Age."
    (Econ, 10/29/16, p.60)
2016        Sanjoy Chakravorty authored “The Other One Percent: Indians in America.
    (Econ, 11/26/16, p.77)
2016        Derek Cholet authored “The Long Game: How Obama Defied Washington and Redefined America’s Role in the World."
    (Econ, 7/30/16, p.66)
2016         Duncan Clark authored “Alibaba: the House That Jack Built."
    (Econ, 4/9/16, p.82)
2016        Charles Clover authored “Black Wind, White Snow: The Rise of Russia’s New Nationalism."
    (Econ, 4/23/16, p.72)
2016        Lucy Crehan authored “Cleverlands: The Secrets Behind the Success of the World’s Education Superhighways."
    (Econ, 12/3/16, p.74)
2016        Alex Cuadros authored “Brazillionaires The Godfathers of Modern Brazil."
    (Econ, 6/11/16, p.85)
2016        Minoo Dinshaw authored “Outlandish Knight: The Byzantine Life of Steven Runciman."
    (Econ, 9/10/16, p.70)
2016        Angela Duckworth authored “Grit: The Power of Passion and Perseverance."
    (Econ, 6/4/16, p.82)
2016        Ben Ehrenreich authored “The Way to the Spring: Life and Death in Palestine."
    (Econ, 6/11/16, p.82)
2016        Stephen Ellis, a British expert on African affairs, authored “This Present Darkness: A History of Nigerian Organized Crime."
    (Econ, 5/14/16, p.76)
2016        Anders Ericsson and Robert Pool authored “Peak: Secrets from the New Science of Expertise."
    (Econ, 4/2/16, p.81)
2016        Fredrik Erixon and Bjorn Weigel authored “The Innovation Illusion: How So Little Is Created by So Many Working So Hard."
    (Econ, 10/22/16, p.60)
2016        Richard Evans authored “The Pursuit of Power: Europe 1815-1914."
    (Econ, 9/3/16, p.71)
2016        Dennis Feeney authored “Beyond Greek: The Beginnings of Latin Literature."
    (Econ, 2/6/16, p.76)
2016        Cal Flyn authored “Thicker Than Water: History Secrets and Guilt." Here she covered the 19th century massacres of Australian indigenous people.
    (Econ, 6/25/16, p.74)
2016        Charles Foster authored “Being a Beast."
    (Econ, 2/27/16, p.74)
2016        Timothy Garton authored “Free Speech: Ten Principles for a Connected World."
    (Econ, 5/21/16, p.76)
2016        Kaya Genc authored “Under the Shadow: Rage and Revolution in Modern Turkey."
    (Econ, 11/12/16, p.74)
2016        Ted Gioia authored “How to Listen to Jazz."
    (Econ, 4/23/16, p.71)
2016        David Goldblatt authored “The Games: A Global History of the Olympics."
    (Econ, 7/30/16, p.67)
2016        Robert Gordon authored “The Rise and Fall of American Growth: The US Standard of Living since the Civil War."
    (Econ, 1/9/16, p.69)
2016        Christopher Goscha authored “Vietnam: A New History."
    (Econ, 7/23/16, p.67)
2016        Anthony Gottlieb authored “The Dream of Enlightenment." This was his second book of a planned trilogy.
    (Econ, 9/3/16, p.72)
2016        Christopher de Hamel authored “Meetings with Remarkable Manuscripts"
    (Econ, 9/17/16, p.78)
2016        Andrew Harding authored “The Mayor of Mogadishu: A Story of Chaos and Redemption in the Ruins of Somalia."
    (Econ, 11/19/16, p.72)
2016        Yuval Noah Harari authored “Homo Deus: A Brief History of Tomorrow."
    (Econ, 9/17/16, p.80)
2016        Arley Russell Hochschild authored “Strangers in Their Own Land: Anger and Mourning on the American Right."
    (Econ, 9/10/16, p.70)
2016        David Howell, former Tory energy secretary, authored “Empires in Collision."
    (www.gilgamesh-publishing.co.uk/empires-in-collision.html)
2016        Dennis Johnson authored “Democracy for Hire: A History of American Political Consulting."
    (Econ, 11/19/16, p.72)
2016        Dominic Johnson, Oxford professor, authored “God Is Watching: How the Fear of God Makes Us Human."
    (Econ, 1/23/16, p.76)
2016        Chris Jennings authored “Paradise Now: The Story of American Utopianism."
    (Econ, 2/20/15, p.74)
2016        Gareth Stedman Jones authored “Karl Marx: Greatness and Illusion."
    (Econ, 8/27/16, p.63)
2016        Ben Judah authored “This Is London: Life and Death in the World City."
    (Econ, 1/30/16, p.77)
2016        John Judis authored “The Populist Explosion: How the Great Recession Transformed American and European Politics."
    (Econ, 12/3/16, p.71)
2016        David Kilcullen authored “Blood Year: Islamic State and the Failures of the War on Terror."
    (Econ, 3/19/16, p.89)
2016        Mervyn King, former governor of the Bank of England (2003-2013) authored “The End of Alchemy: Money, Banking and the Future of the Global Economy."
    (Econ, 3/12/16, p.78)
2016        Maria Konnikova authored “The Confidence Game: The Psychology of the Con and Why We Fall for It Every Time."
    (Econ, 2/13/16, p.82)
2016        Jeremy Lewis authored the biography “David Astor." Astor (1912-2001) had edited the Observer, Britain’s principal source of information from 1948 to 1975. His father had purchased the paper in 1911.
    (Econ, 2/27/16, p.74)
2016        Michael Lewis authored “The Undoing Project: A Friendship that Changed Our Minds." Here Lewis tells the story of the friendship between Amos Tversky and Nobel Prize winner Daniel Kahneman.
    (Econ, 12/17/16, p.78)
2016        Shiraz Maher authored “Salafi-Jihadism: The History of an Idea."
    (Econ, 10/22/16, p.73)
2016        Scott Malcomson authored “Splinternet: How Geopolitics and Commerce are Fragmenting the world Wide Web."
    (Econ, 3/26/16, p.93)
2016        Sebastian Mallaby authored “The Man Who Knew: The Life and Times of Alan Greenspan."
    (Econ, 10/1/16, p.81)
2016        Oscar Martinez, Salvadorean journalist, authored “A History of Violence: Living and Dying in Central America."
    (Econ, 4/23/16, p.72)
2016        Jane Mayer authored “Dark Money: The Hidden History of the Billionaires Behind the Rise of the Radical Right."
    (Econ, 1/30/16, p.75)
2016        Catherine Merridale authored “Lenin on the Train."
    (Econ, 10/8/16, p.74)
2016        Branko Milanovic, a Serbian-American economist, authored “Global Inequality: A New Approach for the Age of Globalization."
    (Econ, 4/2/16, p.79)
2016        Joel Mokyr authored “A Culture of Growth: The Origins of the Modern Economy."
    (Econ, 12/3/16, p.73)
2016        Nandian Nilekani a co-founder of IT giant Infosys, and Viral Shah authored “Rebooting India: Realising a Billion Aspirations."
    (Econ, 3/12/16, p.79)
2016        Johan Norberg authored “Progress: Ten Reasons to Look Forward to the Future."
    (Econ, 9/3/16, p.71)
2016        Nicholas Ostler authored “Passwords to Paradise: How Languages Have Re-invented World Religions."
    (http://tinyurl.com/hyqgb5b)(Econ, 9/10/16, p.72)
2016        Suzanne O’Sullivan authored “It’s All in Your Head: True Stories of Imaginary Illness."
    (Econ, 6/11/16, p.83)
2016        Joshua Partlow authored “A Kingdom of Their Own: The Family of Karzai and the Afghan Disaster."
    (Econ, 10/15/16, p.78)
2016        Helen Pearson authored “The Life Project: The Extraordinary Story of Our Ordinary Lives." Here she has charted the 1946 British cohort along with four other that followed in 1958, 1970, 1991 and 2000.
    (Econ, 4/9/16, p.85)
2016        Minxin Pei authored “China’s Crony Capitalism: The Dynamics of Regime Decay."
    (Econ, 10/15/16, p.77)
2016        John Pomfret authored “The Beautiful Country and the Middle Kingdom: America and China."
    (Econ, 12/3/16, p.72)
2016        Tuesday Reitano and Peter Tinti authored “Migrant, Refugee, Smuggler, Savior."
    (Econ, 10/22/16, p.74)
2016        Paul Richards authored “Ebola: How a People’s Science Helped End an Epidemic."
    (Econ, 9/17/16, p.81)
2016        Nancy Jo Sales authored “American Girls: Social Media and the Secret Lives of Teenagers."
    (Econ, 4/2/16, p.80)
2016        Marcus du Sautoy (b.1965), British professor at Oxford, authored “What We Cannot Know."
    (Econ, 6/18/16, p.84)
2016        A.O. Scott, film critic for the NY Times, authored “Better Living Through Criticism: How to Think about Art, Pleasure, beauty, and Truth.
    (Econ, 4/16/16, p.70)
2016        Roger Scruton authored “The Ring of Truth: The Wisdom of Wagner’s Ring of the Nibelung."
    (Econ, 6/25/16, p.73)
2016        Simon Sebag Montefiore authored “The Romanovs: 1613-1918."
    (Econ, 2/20/16, p.73)
2016        Somini Sengupta authored “The End of Karma: Hope and Fury Among India’s Young."
    (Econ, 3/19/16, p.89)
2016        Sonia Shah authored “Pandemic: Tracking Contagions, from Cholera to Ebola and Beyond.
    (Econ, 2/13/16, p.81)
2016        David Shambaugh, American political scientist, authored “China’s Future."
    (Econ, 3/26/16, p.95)
2016        James Sharpe authored “A Fiery and Furious People: A History of Violence in England.
    (Econ, 10/1/16, p.79)
2016        Jack Shenker authored “The Egyptians: A Radical Story."
    (Econ, 2/6/16, p.76)
2016        Peter Singer authored “Ethics in the Real World: 82 Brief Essays on Things That Matter."
    (Econ, 9/17/16, p.79)
2016        Vinay Sitapati authored “Half-Lion: How P.V. Narasimha Rao Transformed India."
    (Econ, 9/3/16, p.71)
2016        Sebastian Smee authored “The Art of Rivalry: Four Friendships, Betrayals, and Breakthroughs in Modern Art."
    (Econ, 10/8/16, p.75)
2016        Peter Godfrey-Smith authored “Other Minds: The Octopus, the Sea and the Deep Origins of Consciousness."
    (Econ, 12/17/16, p.78)
2016        Dava Sobel authored “The Glass Universe: How the Ladies of the Harvard Observatory Took the Measure of the Stars."
    (Econ, 12/24/16, p.114)
2016        Eugene Soltes authored “Why They Do It: Inside the Mind of the White Collar Criminal."
    (Econ, 10/29/16, p.60)
2016        Nick Spencer, research director of London-based Theos think tank, authored “The Evolution of the West: How Christianity Has Shaped Our Values."
    (Econ, 11/5/16, p.75)
2016        Mark Spoerer, German historian, authored “C&A: A family business in Germany, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom 1911-1961."
    (Econ, 10/29/16, p.57)
2016        Bruce Springsteen authored his biography “Born to Run."
    (Econ, 10/1/16, p.78)
2016        Reiner Stach authored “Kafka: The Early Years."
    (Econ, 11/12/16, p.73)
2016        Joseph Stiglitz, Nobel Prize winner (2001), authored “The Euro: How a Common Currency Threatens the Future of Europe."
    (Econ, 8/20/16, p.72)
2016        James Stourton authored “Kenneth Clark: Life, Art and Civilization."
    (Econ, 10/1/16, p.79)
2016        Gay Talese authored “The Voyeur’s Motel," a study of voyeurism stripped to its bare fundamentals.
    (Econ, 7/16/16, p.72)
2016        Gary Taubes authored “The Case Against Sugar."
    (Econ, 12/17/16, p.77)
2016        Ngugi wa Thiong’o if Nigeria authored “Birth of a Dream Weaver: A Writer’s Awakening."
    (Econ, 10/22/16, p.74)
2016        Gillian Tindall authored “The Tunnel Through Time: A New Route for an Old London Journey. Her she covered the story of the Crossrail running east-west through London and its suburbs.
    (Econ, 8/27/16, p.64)
2016        Robert Wainwright authored “The Maverick Mountaineer: The Remarkable Life of George Ingle Finch: Climber, Scientist, Inventor." Australian chemist George Ingle Finch (b.1888) died in 1970.
    (Econ, 1/16/16, p.91)
2016        Owen Weatherall authored “Void: The Strange Physics of Nothing."
    (Econ, 11/19/16, p.72)
2016        Blanche Wiesen authored “Eleanor Roosevelt: The War Years and After, 1939-1962."
    (Econ, 10/29/16, p.74)
2016        Susan Williams authored “Spies in the Congo: America’s Atomic Mission in World War II."
    (Econ, 8/27/16, p.64)
2016        Peter Wilson authored “The Holy Roman Empire: A Thousand Years of Europe’s History."
    (Econ, 4/16/16, p.72)
2016        Robert Worth authored “A Rage for Order: The Middle East in Turmoil, from Tahrir Square to ISIS."
    (Econ, 6/18/16, p.84)
2016        Ed Yong authored “I Contain Multitudes: The Microbes Within Us and a Grander View of Life."
    (Econ, 8/20/16, p.70)

2016        US legal cannabis sales for this year were estimated at $6 billion.
    (Econ, 11/19/16, p.59)
2016        The US Drug Enforcement Administration listed U-47700, a synthetic opioid, in the category of the most dangerous drugs it regulates. In 2017 it was reported to be part of an opioid combination dubbed “gray death," and blamed for thousands of fatal overdoses nationally.
    (SFC, 5/5/17, p.A16)
2016        The US allowed Brazilian beef into the country after two decades of talks.
    (Econ, 3/25/17, p.59)

2016        A report by the Wilderness Society revealed that Idaho has sold 41% of its land since statehood.
    (http://tinyurl.com/mnlad5y)(Econ, 1/7/17, p.27)

2016        Chicago counted 764 murders this year, as compared to NYC with 334 and Los Angeles with 294.
    (Econ, 3/11/17, p.31)

2016        Ohio counted 4,149 unintentional fatal drug overdoses this year, a 36 percent increase from the previous year. The increase was attributed to heroin and synthetic opioids.
    (SFC, 5/29/17, p.A4)

2016        South Dakota narrowly topped Oregon as the state with the highest percentage of inbound moves.
    (SFC, 1/6/17, p.A5)

2016        Neuroscientists estimated that a mammalian brain uses about 70% of its volume for moving information around, 20% for processing it and the remaining 10% to keep everything in the right place and supplied with nutrients.
    (Econ, 3/12/16, TQ p.9)

2016        Drug giant GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) unveiled a $665,000 price for a personalized stem-cell therapy to cure a patient with severe combined immunodeficiency.
    (Econ, 2/18/17, p.20)

2016        Intel sold McAfee, a cyber-security business, for some $4.2 billion, about half of what it had paid for it six years earlier.
    (Econ, 3/18/17, p.66)

2016        About a dozen nuclear-missile-carrying submarines patrolled the ocean at any given time.
    (Econ, 7/16/16, World IF p.17)

2016        Scientists inferred the existence of the planet, Proxima Centauri b, circling the star Proxima Centauri, the star that is closest to the sun.
    (Econ, 8/27/16, p.59)

2016        The Int’l. Scientific Committee reported that Pacific bluefin tuna stocks were down by 97% from their peak in the early 1960s. Japan disputed the findings.
    (Econ, 9/24/16, p.39)

2016        It was reported that schizophrenia affects one in a hundred people.
    (Econ, 1/30/16, p.73)

2016        Consumption of bottled water this year overtook that of sugary drinks in the US.
    (Econ, 3/25/17, p.56)

2016        Data centers consumed 2% of all the electricity produced in the world.
    (Econ, 3/12/16, TQ p.9)

2016        In Afghanistan NATO forces fell this year from a peak of 132,000 in 2011 to about 13,000 by the end of this year. Only about 60% of Afghans lived in areas under government control.
    (Econ, 1/7/17, p.46)

2016        Africa’s population numbered about 1.2 billion.
    (Econ, 4/16/16, SR p.5)

2016        Australian Historian James Curran authored “Fighting with America: A Lowy Institute Paper: Penguin Special: Why saying ‘No’ to the US wouldn’t rupture the alliance.
    (http://tinyurl.com/ybzqns4h)(Econ, 2/11/17, p.33)
2016        Huge sections of Australia’s Great Barrier Reef were killed this year by overheated seawater.
    (SFC, 3/16/17, p.A2)
2016        Australia’s population was about 24 million.
    (Econ, 6/18/16, p.41)

2016        Banks in the Bahamas had assets of $223 billion, 26 times the national GDP.
    (Econ, 9/10/16, p.63)

2016        Brazil’s gross domestic product shrank 3.6 percent in 2016 following a dip of 3.8 percent in 2015.
    (AP, 3/7/17)

2016        Britain’s population stood at about 65 million and was expected to grow to 77 million by 2050.
    (Econ, 4/30/16, p.54)

2016        The population of Cambodia was about 16 million.
    (Econ, 7/16/16, p.34)

2016        Canada was the world’s tenth largest economy.
    (Econ, 3/5/16, p.31)

2016        The Han ethnic group of mainland China numbered about 1.2 billion with other minorities at about 110 million.
    (Econ, 11/19/16, p.18)
2016        A recent study said air pollution in China contributes to the deaths of 1.6 million people each year.
    (Econ, 11/26/16, p.11)

2016        Colombia’s cocaine output reached an all-time high of 710 tons this year.
    (Econ, 3/25/17, p.28)
2016        The population of Colombia was about 48 million.
    (Econ, 8/27/16, p.23)

2016        The population of Congo DRC was estimated at 90 million. Kinshasa, the 3rd largest city of Congo DRC, was estimated at 8-12 million.
    (Econ, 4/16/16, SR p.15)(Econ, 5/14/16, p.39)

2016        In Cyprus trappers killed some 2.3 million birds this autumn, up from 1.4 million in 2010. Trappers can catch thousands of birds a season, selling a dozen for up to $45 (40 euros) to restaurants, which serve a traditional dish called ambelopoulia, for nearly twice the price.
    (AFP, 6/18/17)

2016        The population of Djibouti was about 875,000 with illiteracy at about 45%.
    (Econ, 4/9/16, p.49)

2016        In El Salvador murders dropped more than 20 percent in 2016, though the rate of 81.2 for every 100,000 residents kept the country among the world's deadliest. There were at least 5,278 murders in 2016, down from 6,665 in 2015, when its murder rate hit 104 per 100,000 residents.
    (AP, 1/3/17)

2016        Franch presidential candidate Emmanuel Macron authored “Revolution."
    (Econ, 2/25/17, p.44)
2016        Another 5,000 French Jews emigrated to Israel this year, continuing a trend that has seen tens of thousands quit the country after a series of attacks targeting the community.
    (AFP, 1/9/17)

2016        Gabon’s population was about 1.8 million . A quarter of the population lived on less than $3 pr day.
    (Econ, 8/6/16, p.38)

2016        The population of Gambia was about 1.9 million.
    (Econ, 12/10/16, p.49)

2016        India’s Muslim population numbered about 172 million.
    (Econ, 10/29/16, p.32)

2016        The population of Indonesia was about 261 million, half of whom were under 30.
    (Econ, 12/10/16, p.42)

2016        Iraq’s oil production reached record lows this year. The IMF extended a $5.3 billion loan.
    (Econ, 1/7/17, p.40)
2016        Transparency International listed Iraq as the 8th most corrupt government in the world.
    (Econ, 4/16/16, p.38)
2016        Violence in Iraq claimed the lives of at least 6,878 civilian this year.
    (AP, 1/3/17)

2016        Italy ranked as the world’s 8th biggest economy, just ahead of Brazil.
    (Econ, 1/30/16, p.68)

2016        In Jordan a particle accelerator named the Sesame synchrotron, a particle accelerator, approached completion at a cost of $79 million.
    (Econ, 12/24/16, p.112)
2016        Jordan’s population was about 9 million.
    (Econ, 10/22/16, p.41)

2016        In Kenya central bank Gov. Patrick Njoroge placed three banks into receivership in less than a year. H alleged that the managing director of one bank had siphoned off $335 million via 20 shell companies over 13 years.
    (Econ, 7/23/16, p.58)
2016        Kenya exported some 360 tons of flowers every day out of Nairobi airport, mostly to Europe, but also to Asia and the Middle East.
    (Econ, 4/16/16, SR p.8)
2016        Kenya declared qat, a mild stimulant, an officially sanctioned cash crop.
    (Econ, 1/21/17, p.38)

2016        The population of Kiribati was about 111,000.
    (Econ, 3/12/16, p.38)

2016        In Lebanon Christians were allocated 64 of the parliament’s 128 seats, despite representing only 37% of the population. Sunnis and Shias were allocated 27 seats each with the rest going to Druze and Alawites.
    (Econ, 11/5/16, p.9)

2016        In Lithuania a chain of plastic surgery clinics in Lithuania was hacked and more than 25,000 private photos and personal data — including nude pictures — were stolen. In 2017 a hacking group called Tsar Team demanded ransoms from the clinic's clients in Germany, Denmark, Britain, Norway and elsewhere.
    (AP, 5/31/17)   

2016        The population of Malta was about 450,000.
    (Econ, 4/23/16, p.73)

2016        Mexico’s economy ranked as the 15th largest in the world.
    (Econ, 9/10/16, p.27)
2016        Mexico had 20,789 homicides this year compared to 17,034 in 2015.
    (SFC, 2/4/17, p.A2)

2016        The population of New Zealand was about 4.7 million.
    (Econ, 12/10/16, p.41)

2016        The population of Niger numbered about 20 million.
    (Econ, 11/26/16, p.41)

2016        Norway’s population was about 5.2 million.
    (Econ, 9/24/16, p.67)

2016        In Pakistan some 24,000 madrasas were attended by at least 2 million boys. Nearly all the schools adhered to the highly conservative Deobandi sect, whose beliefs are similar to Saudi Wahhabism.
    (Econ, 4/2/16, p.14)
2016        Pakistan’s population was about 182 million with Hindus at about 2%.
    (Econ, 3/5/16, p.37)

2016        The population of Papua New Guinea numbered about 7.7 million.
    (Econ, 6/18/16, p.40)

2016        The population of the Philippines was about 100 million.
    (Econ, 5/7/16, p.15)

2016        Rwanda’s income per capita doubled since 2000.
    (Econ, 3/12/16, p.47)

2016        Saudi Arabia’s military budget was the 3rd largest in the world. Only 2% of its arms were purchased at home. A new vision called for over 50% to be spent locally by 2030.
    (Econ, 4/30/16, p.41)

2016        In South Africa some 1,300 psychiatric patients were moved over several months this year from specialized private hospitals to care homes run by charities in Gauteng province. More than 100 of the patients died following the move.
    (Econ, 2/25/17, p.41)
2016        South Africa’s government put unemployment at 26.7%.
    (Econ, 6/18/16, p.16)

2016        The South Korean film “Spirits Homecoming" portrayed the story of the “comfort women" enslaved by the Japanese during WW II.
    (Econ, 3/26/16, p.47)

2016        In South Sudan only 27% of adults were able to read.
    (Econ, 1/7/17, p.47)

2016        Surveys in 2017 said some 6,000 millionaires had left Turkey this year.
    (Econ, 3/11/17, p.52)

2016        A team of Ugandan engineers invented a "smart jacket" that diagnoses pneumonia faster than a doctor. The jacket, which is still only a prototype, can diagnose pneumonia up to three times faster than a doctor and reduces human error, according to studies done by its inventors.
    (AFP, 1/22/17)

2016        The population of Uzbekistan was about 31 million.
    (Econ, 9/3/16, p.33)

2016        Venezuela’s economy shrank by nearly 19% this year with inflation reaching 800%.
    (Econ, 1/28/17, p.12)

2016        The population of Vietnam was about 93 million.
    (Econ, 1/30/16, p.32)

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