Timeline of Jupiter

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Jupiter consists of 318 earth-masses of material.
    (PacDis, Fall/’96, p.3)
If the Sun were a pumpkin one foot in diameter, Jupiter would be an apple about 550 feet away.
    (SFEC, 4/30/00, Par p.9)

364BC        Gan De, noted Chinese astronomer, reported a viewing of Jupiter and one of its 16 moons.
    (SFC, 4/10/97, p.A16)

3BC        Sep 14, Jupiter appeared to pass very close to the star Regulus, "the King’s Star."
    (SSFC, 12/23/01, Par p.9)

3-2BC        Astronomical events occurred at this time and coincided with the probable birth of Jesus Christ. During the conjunctions of 3BC, Jupiter, the King Planet, came into contact with the King Star, Leo the Lion, which was also the sign for the Jewish tribe of Judah.
    (SFEC, 2/16/97, p.A16)

2CE        Feb 17, Jupiter again appeared to pass very close to the star Regulus, "the King’s Star."
    (SSFC, 12/23/01, Par p.9)

2CE        May 8, Jupiter appeared to pass very close to the star Regulus, "the King’s Star" for a 3rd time in recent months.
    (SSFC, 12/23/01, Par p.9)

2CE        Jun 17, Jupiter and Venus drew close together and appeared to fuse as a single star. This was later thought to be the Biblical star of Bethlehem.
    (SSFC, 12/23/01, Par p.9)

3CE        Aug 12, Venus-Jupiter were in conjunction: alleged "Star of Bethlehem." [see Feb 17, May 8, Jun 17, 2CE]
    (MC, 8/12/02)

1345        Mar 20, A conjunction of Saturn, Jupiter and Mars was thought to be the "cause of plague epidemic."
    (MC, 3/20/02)

1610        Jan 7, The astronomer Galileo Galilei sighted four of Jupiter's moons. Galileo discovered the 1st 3 Jupiter satellites, Io, Europa & Ganymede. He discovered mountains and valleys on the moon, that Jupiter has a moon of its own, and that the sun has spots which change. Galileo discovered multiple moons around Jupiter. He also observed Mars.
    (V.D.-H.K.p.200)(SFC, 11/5/96, p.A4)(SFC, 11/29/96, p.A16)(AP, 1/7/98)(MC, 1/7/02)

1676        Ole Christensen Romer (Roemer), Danish astronomer, derived a speed of light of 130,000 miles per second based on his observations of Io, the innermost moon of Jupiter.
    (http://inkido.indiana.edu/a100/timeline2.html)(NH, 2/05, p.19)

1630        May 17, Italian Jesuit Niccolo Zucchi saw the belts on Jupiter's surface.
    (HN, 5/17/98)

1892        E.E. Barnard, US astronomer, discovered Amalthea, a small potato-shaped moon of Jupiter.
    (SFC, 12/10/02, p.A2)

1961        Mar 30, P.J. Melotte, discovered Jupiter's 8th satellite, Pasiphae, died.
    (MC, 3/30/02)

1962        Feb 5, Sun, Moon, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn aligned within a 16 degree arc.
    (MC, 2/5/02)

1972        Mar 2, Pioneer 10 was launched from Cape Kennedy. It carried a plaque designed by Carl Sagan and Frank Drake showing some details of human civilization on Earth. The craft headed to Jupiter and then continued into deep space long past expectations.
    (SFC, 3/4/96, p.A5)(SFEC, 9/28/97, p.A14)

1973        Dec 3, Pioneer 10 passed Jupiter in the 1st fly-by of an outer planet.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pioneer_10)

1974        Dec 4, Pioneer II made its closest approach to Jupiter.
    (www.astronautix.com/project/pioneer.htm)

1977        Aug 20, The United States launched Voyager 2, an unmanned spacecraft carrying a 12-inch copper phonograph record containing greetings in dozens of languages, samples of music and sounds of nature. It was scheduled to pass Jupiter and Saturn.
    (V.D.-H.K.p.388)(MofE, 1978, p.41)(AP internet, 8/20/97)(SFEC, 9/28/97, p.A14)

1979        Mar 4, The US Voyager I obtained the first image of Jupiter's rings.
    (http://spacephysics.ucr.edu/index.php?content=v25/v4.html)

1979        Mar 5, Voyager I made its closest approach to Jupiter (128,400 miles).
    (www.jpl.nasa.gov/history/70s/Voyager1_1979.htm)

1979        Jul 9, Voyager II made its closest approach to Jupiter. Both Voyager I and II probes spotted volcanoes erupting on the Jupiter’s moon, Io.
    (www.solarviews.com/eng/vgrjup.htm)

1989        Oct 18, The space shuttle Atlantis was launched on a five-day mission that included deployment of the Galileo space probe on a course for Jupiter.
    (SFC, 6/28/96, p.A2)(AP, 10/18/99)

1994        Jul 16, The Shoemaker-Levy 9 comet slammed into Jupiter. It was discovered by astronomer Eugene Shoemaker (d.1997 at 69).
    (HFA, '96, p.34)(SFC, 7/19/97, p.A21)

1994        Jul 17, Fragments of comet Shoemaker-Levy continued to smash into Jupiter, sending up towering fireballs.
    (AP, 7/17/99)

1995        Dec 7, A 746-pound probe from the Galileo spacecraft hurtled into Jupiter's atmosphere, sending back data to the mothership before it was presumably destroyed.
    (WSJ, 1/23/96, p.A-1)(AP internet 12/7/97)

1995        The space orbiter Galileo reached Jupiter and sent down a probe. Jupiter has 16 moons: 1) Callisto has ancient craters. 2) Europa has a smooth icy surface that may hide water. 3) Ganymede is grooved by huge parallel valleys 4) Io has erupting volcanoes.
    (WSJ, 12/7/95, p.A-11A)

1996        Dec 12, Scientists announced that the Jovian moon, Ganymede, possesses a strong magnetic field due to a molten core. Its outer layer solid ice was said to measure some 500 miles thickness.
    (SFC, 12/12/96, p.A2)

1997        Apr 9, New images of Jupiter’s moon Europa revealed a surface of massive icebergs floating on an ocean more than 50 miles deep.
    (SFC, 4/10/97, p.A1)

1997        Dec 16, Giant lightning bolts, a hundred times more powerful that those on Earth, were reported via the Galileo spacecraft.
    (SFC,12/17/97, p.A4)

2000        Jul 22, Astronomers announced the finding of a 17th moon, 3 miles in diameter, orbiting Jupiter.
    (SFEC, 7/23/00, p.A15)

2003        Apr 4, Six more moons were reported to have been found orbiting Jupiter, pushing to 58 the total number of known natural satellites of the solar system's largest planet.
    (AP, 4/5/03)

2003        May 15, Scott S. Sheppard of the Univ. of Hawaii reported 43 more moons around Jupiter and said he expects to find 50 more. The total number of Jupiter moons reached 80.
    (SFC, 5/15/03, p.A9)

2003        Sep 21, NASA’s $1.5 billion Galileo mission ended a 14-year exploration of the solar system's largest planet and its moons with the spacecraft crashing by design into Jupiter at 108,000 mph.
    (SFC, 9/22/03, p.B8)(AP, 9/21/04)

2009        Jul 19, An amateur astronomer in Australia detected a new scar on Jupiter that covered some 73 million square miles, an larger area than the Pacific ocean.
    (SFC, 7/22/09, p.A1)

2992        May 16, Astronomers announced the discovery of 11 more moons orbiting Jupiter bringing the total number to 39.
    (SFC, 5/17/02, p.A9)

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