Timeline: New York City: 1900-1949
1900 Mar 24, Mayor Van Wyck of New York broke ground for the New York subway tunnel that would link Manhattan and Brooklyn.
1900 May 22, The Associated Press (founded in 1848) was incorporated in New York as a non-profit news cooperative.
1900 Jun 11, Lawrence E Spivak, news panelist (Meet the Press), was born in Brooklyn, NY.
1900 Oct 26, After 4 years of work the 1st section of NY subway opened. [see Feb 26, 1870]
1900 The London show Florodora was brought to NYC and featured the Florodora Sextette. Evelyn Nesbit, one of the sextette, later married Harry Kendall Thaw, playboy heir to a Pittsburgh coal fortune. In 1906 Thaw killed architect Stanford White, who had frolicked with Nesbit during the Florodora run [see June 25, 1906].
(WSJ, 12/9/06, p.P10)
1900 The Congregation Shaare Zedek built a temple at 25 W. 118th St. It later became the Bethel Way of the Cross Church of Christ.
(SFC, 6/10/02, p.D5)
1900 The Victory Theater was built on 42nd St between 7th and 8th, i.e. Broadway in NYC by Oscar Hammerstein, the grandfather of the well-known lyricist. In the 1930s it became Minskys, the famous burlesque house. It was restored in the 1990s and used for children’s theater productions.
(WSJ, 12/15/95, p.A-16)(SFC, 5/17/97, p.E1)
1900 Joshua Lionel Cowen (1877-1965), inventor, along with some partners founded Lionel Corp in NYC. Operation were later based outside Detroit and Lionel grew to become the world’s largest toy maker in the 1950s. [see 1901]
(WSJ, 11/17/04, p.B1)(www.fact-index.com/j/jo/joshua_lionel_cowen.html)
1900-2000 In 2004 James Traub authored "The Devil's Playground," which described this period in NYC's Times Square.
(WSJ, 3/19/04, p.W12)
1901 Feb 25, [Herbert] Zeppo Marx, comedian, actor (Marx Brothers), was born in NYC.
1901 Oct 14, Justin Huntly McCarthy's "If I Were King," premiered in NYC (Francois Villon).
1901 Seth Low became mayor of NYC.
(SSFC, 8/15/04, p.D11)
1902 Mar, Clarence Barron (1855-1928) and his wife, Jessie Waldron, purchased Dow Jones & Co.
(WSJ, 8/1/07, p.B6)(www.newsbios.com/newslum/barron.htm)
1902 Jul 30, Anti-Jewish rioters attacked the funeral procession of Rabbi Joseph in NYC.
1902 Aug 3, Judson Laire, actor, singer (Papa-Mama, Adm Broadway Revue), was born in NYC.
1902 Sep 29, Broadway impresario David Belasco reopened the Republic Theatre under his own name.
1902 Nov 18, Brooklyn toymaker Morris Michton named the teddy bear after Teddy Roosevelt.
1902 Nov 22, A fire caused considerable damage to the unfinished Williamsburg bridge in New York.
1902 Dec 4, Charles Dow (b.1851), co-founder of the Wall Street Journal and inventor of the Dow Industrial averages, died in Brooklyn, NY.
(WSJ, 5/28/96, p. R-30)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_H._Dow)
1902 In NYC the 21-story Flatiron Building (Fuller Bldg.) was built on a pie-slice of land at 23rd & 5th Ave. by architect Daniel Burnham with a French Beaux arts-style facade.
(HT, 5/97, p.24)
1902 The French Renaissance style, 200-room, Algonquin Hotel was built.
(SFC, 3/4/00, p.A21)
1902 Construction began on the Morgan Library at Madison Ave. and E. 36th to house the private collections of J. Pierpont Morgan. [see 1906]
(SFEC, 9/3/00, p.T8)
1902 The Society of American Magicians was formed at Martinka & Co. Magic supply House in NYC. The shop later became Flosso-Hornmann Magic.
(SFC, 10/2/03, p.A19)
1902 The Baltimore Orioles baseball team was sold at the end of the season to former police chief Bill Devery and casino operator Frank Farrell of New York, and moved to NYC to play as the New York Highlanders.
(ON, 6/09, p.12)
1902 William Randolph Hearst served 2 terms as Congressman for the 11th District of NY in 1902 and 1904.
(SFEM, 10/24/99, p.20)
1902 The novelty Plato Clock was patented by Eugene Fitch of NYC. It resembled a lantern based on the story that Plato used a lantern-shaped clock while "looking for an honest man."
(SFC, 9/21/98, Z1 p.8)
1902 Martin Bach opened the Quezal Art Glass & Decorating Co. in Maspeth, Queens, NY.
(SFC, 1/11/06, p.G2)
1902 Train service between New York and Chicago began. In 1995 Amtrak’s "Broadway Limited" service made its final run.
(AP, 9/9/00)(MC, 9/9/01)
1902-1945 Nicholas Murray Butler served as president of Columbia Univ.
(SSFC, 8/15/04, p.D11)
1903 Jan 4, Topsy the elephant was poisoned electrocuted in Luna Park, Coney Island, NYC. The 10-foot elephant had killed 3 keepers over the last 2 years. Edison used the opportunity to demonstrate the lethal potential of alternating current, promoted by rival George Westinghouse.
(Econ, 7/26/03, p.33)(Internet)
1903 Jan 21, International Theater (Majestic, Park) opened at 5 Columbus Circle in NYC.
1903 Mar 2, The Martha Washington Hotel opened for business in New York City. The hotel featured 416 rooms and was the first hotel exclusively for women.
(HC, Internet, 2/3/98)
1903 Mar 29, A regular news service began between New York and London on Marconi's wireless.
1903 Apr 14, Dr. Harry Plotz in NYC discovered a vaccine against typhoid.
1903 Jun 19, Henry Louis Gehrig (d.6/22/1941) was born in New York City. He became first baseman for the New York Yankees and started 2,130 games consecutively: HALL OF FAMER; MVP '36; 7x World Series; .341 avg., 493 HRs; 2,721 hits, 1,990 RBIs. He died of a muscle wasting disease amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, now known by his name.
1903 Jul 26, Dr. Horatio Nelson Jackson of Vermont and his mechanic Sewell Croker arrived in NYC and completed the first cross-country automobile trip in 63 days after leaving SF. On July 26, 2003 Peter Kesling and Charlie Wake completed a rerun of the original trip.
(SFEC, 9/26/99, p.B8)(WSJ, 7/19/02, p.W9)(WSJ, 5/7/03, p.B1)(SSFC, 7/27/03, p.A2)
1903 Oct 13, Victor Herbert's "Babes in Toyland," premiered in NYC.
1903 Nov 16, V. Herbert's and H. Smith's musical "Babette," premiered in NYC.
1903 Nov 23, Singer Enrico Caruso made his American debut at the Metropolitan Opera House in New York, appearing as the Duke of Mantua in "Rigoletto."
1903 Dec 19, The Williamsburg suspension bridge opened between Brooklyn and Manhattan.
1903 The Manhattan Bridge opened.
(SFEC, 7/4/99, p.T4)
1903 The New Amsterdam Theater on 42nd St. in New York City, home of the legendary Ziegfeld Follies, was constructed by Herts and Tallant. It was renovated in 1997 for $34 million by the Walt Disney Co.
(WSJ, 4/3/97, p.A16)(SFC, 5/17/97, p.E1)
1903 The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) opened its first building at 10 Broad St.
(SFC, 4/23/98, p.D2)
1903 Frederick Law Olmsted, the architect of Central Park in NYC, died at the McLean Asylum in Waverly, Mass. In 1999 Witold Rybczynski authored the biography: "A Clearing in the Distance: Frederick Law Olmsted and America In the Nineteenth Century."
(WSJ, 5/21/99, p.W5)
1904 Feb 1, S.J. (Sidney) Perelman, author, humorist (Monkey Business, Horse Feathers, One Touch of Venus, Strictly from Hunger, Westward Ha!) was born in Brooklyn.
(440 Int'l, 2/1/1999)(MC, 2/1/02)
1904 Jun 15, A fire erupted aboard the steamboat General Slocum, owned by the Knickerbocker Steamboat Co., in New York City’s East River and some 1,021 people died. The ship carried a congregation of a German church on its annual picnic. Capt. William van Schaick (1837-1927) was convicted of manslaughter and sentenced to 10 years in Sing Sing. He was pardoned by Pres. Taft in 1911.
(AP, 6/15/97)(www.newyorkhistory.info)(ON, 2/06, p.9)
1904 Aug 16, NYC began building the Grand Central Station.
1904 Sep 9, Mounted police were 1st used in NYC.
1904 Sep 25, A New York City police officer ordered a female passenger in an automobile on Fifth Avenue to stop smoking a cigarette. A male companion was arrested and later fined two dollars for "abusing" the officer.
1904 Sep 26, GB Shaw's "How He Lied to Her Husband," premiered in NYC.
1904 Sep 28, A woman was placed under arrest for smoking a cigarette on New York's Fifth Avenue.
1904 Oct 4, 1st day of NYC subway, 350,000 people rode the 9.1 mile tracks. [see Oct 24, 27]
1904 Oct 24, The 1st NY subway opened. [see Oct 4, 27]
1904 Oct 27, The first rapid transit subway, the IRT (Interborough Rapid Transit), was inaugurated in New York City. It ran from the Brooklyn Bridge uptown to Broadway at 145th Street with a fare of one nickel. [see Oct 4, 24]
(AP, 10/27/97)(HN, 10/27/98)
1904 Oct 28, In NYC the City Hall station subway station opened. The station closed in 1945 when subway cars moved their doors to the center, because this created a dangerous gap between the exit point on the train and the platform.
1904 Nov 17, George Cohan's musical "Little Johnny Jones," premiered in NYC.
1904 The Jewish Museum of NYC was founded and housed at the Jewish Theological Seminary on 122nd St. and Broadway. In 1944 Frieda Schiff Warburg gave her chateau-style mansion at 1109 Fifth to the museum, which re-opened there in 1947.
(WSJ, 7/6/04, p.D5)
1904 In NYC the New York Times moved into a new building at Longacre Square. Publisher Adolph Ochs persuaded the mayor to rename the intersection Times Square.
(SFEC, 3/1/98, Z1 p.8)(ON, 6/07, p.12)
1905 Apr 12, Hippodrome arena opened in NYC.
1905 Jun 11, Pennsylvania Railroad debuted the fastest train in world (NY-Chicago in 18 hrs).
1905 Oct 30, G.B. Shaw's "Mrs. Warren's Profession," premiered in NYC.
1905 Nov 14, David Belasco's "Girl of Golden West," premiered in NYC.
1905 The New York Giants with the help of pitcher Christy Mathewson won the World Series under manager John McGraw.
(SFC, 9/28/99, p.A27)
1905 New York City began using a garbage incinerator to generate electricity to light the Williamsburg Bridge.
1906 Feb 4, The New York Police Department began finger print identification.
1906 Mar 11, The Simplified Spelling Board was announced with Andrew Carnegie funding the organization, to be headquartered in New York City. In August Pres. Theodore Roosevelt issued an executive order mandating simplified spelling in all government administrative documents.
(Econ, 8/30/08, p.19)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_Spelling_Board)
1906 Apr 15, Nine European steamships arrived in NYC with some 11,839 immigrants. Another 8 ships were expected the next day with a similar number of immigrants. The facilities at Ellis Island could only handle 5,000 newcomers per day.
(SSFC, 4/16/06, p.A13)
1906 Jun 25, A love triangle came to a violent end atop New York's Madison Square Garden as architect Stanford White, the building's designer, was shot to death by Harry Thaw, for an alleged tryst White had with Thaw's wife, Florence Evelyn Nesbit. Thaw, tried for murder, was acquitted by reason of insanity. At the time this was called "The Crime of the Century."
(HN, 6/25/99)(AP, 6/25/06)
1906 Sep 24, Victor Herbert's musical "Red Mill," premiered in NYC.
1906 Oct 23, Gertrude Ederle, swimmer (Olympic-gold-1924), was born in NYC.
1906 Oct 31, George Bernard Shaw's "Caesar & Cleopatra," premiered in NYC.
1906 The Congregation Ohab Zedek built a temple at 18 W. 116th St. It later became The Baptist Temple Church.
(SFC, 6/10/02, p.D5)
1906 The 16-story, Beaux-Arts-style Knickerbocker Hotel opened in NYC at Broadway and 42nd. It was financed by Jacob Astor. The hotel closed in 1921 and was converted to apartments and textile showrooms. In the 1950s it was converted to an office tower. In 2006 it was purchased by Istithmar Hotels, an investment arm of Dubai’s royal family, with plans to restore it as a luxury hotel.
(SSFC, 6/25/06, p.G5)
1906 J. Pierpont Morgan (1837-1913) financed the building of the Pierpont Morgan Library, a research library and museum at 29 E. 36th St. It was designed by McKim, Mead and White. An expanded version was planned to reopen in 2006.
(SFC, 2/15/97, p.D1)(WSJ, 3/25/98, p.B10)(WSJ, 10/15/03, p.D14)
1907 Apr 25, Paula Trueman, actress (Gran-Billy), was born in NYC.
1907 May 31, Taxis began running in NYC. [see Aug 13]
1907 Jul 8, Florenz Ziegfeld staged his first "Follies" on the roof of the New York Theater in New York City.
1907 Jul 18, Florenz Ziegfeld's "Follies of 1907," premiered in NYC. [see Jul 8]
1907 Jul 25, Jack Gilford, actor (Save the Tiger, Cocoon, Arthur 2), was born in NYC.
1907 Aug 13, The 1st taxicab began operating in NYC. [see May 31]
1907 Sep 13, The RMS Lusitania arrived in New York, completing its maiden voyage from England.
1907 Oct 1, The Plaza Hotel opened in NYC at 5th Av and 59th Str.
(SFEC, 7/4/99, p.T4)(AP, 10/1/07)
1907 Oct 21, The Panic of 1907 began with a run on the Knickerbocker Trust Co. of New York.
1907 Dec 3, George M. Cohan's musical "Talk of the Town," premiered in NYC.
1907 Dec 31, For 1st time a ball was dropped at Times Square to signal new year.
1907 Dec 31, Gustav Mahler conducted the Metropolitan Opera.
1907 The Flemish Gothic skyscraper at 90 West Street, NYC, designed by Cass Gilbert, was completed
(WSJ, 10/17/02, p.D6)
1907 The American Museum of Natural History purchased a collection of 35 Maori preserved and tattooed heads. A Maori representative in 1998 sought to bring them back to New Zealand.
(SFC, 3/17/98, p.B3)
1907 The US Customs House was constructed.
(SFEC, 6/21/98, p.T4)
1907 The New York Currier & Ives partnership, formed in 1857, closed down with an inventory of 7,000 titles.
(WSJ, 12/19/00, p.A19)
1908 Jan 1, The 1st time-ball signifying new year was dropped at Times Square, NYC.
1908 Jan 8, A subway under the East River linked Brooklyn and Manhattan.
1908 Jan 21, New York City's Board of Aldermen passed the Sullivan Ordinance that effectively prohibited women from smoking in public. Two weeks later the measure was vetoed by Mayor George B. McClellan Jr.
1908 Feb 25, The 1st tunnel under Hudson River (railway tunnel) opened. The McAdoo Tunnel was completed March 8, 1904, but only officially opened on this date.
(PCh, 1992, p.655)(MC, 2/25/02)
1908 Jun 12, Lusitania crossed the Atlantic in record 4 days 15 hours (NYC).
1908 Jul 6, Robert Peary's expedition sailed from NYC for north pole.
1908 Jul 12, Milton Berle (d.2002), comedian, was born as Mendel Berlinger in New York City.
(SFC, 3/28/02, p.A15)(AP, 7/12/08)
1908 Jul 14, The short film "The Adventures of Dollie," the first movie directed by D.W. Griffith, opened in New York.
1908 Nov 4, The Brooklyn Academy of Music opened in NYC.
1908 Nov 16, Conductor Arturo Toscanini made his debut with the New York Metropolitan Opera as he led a performance of Verdi's "Aida."
1908 NYC Detective Joseph A. Faurot, recently trained in London, used fingerprint evidence to solve the murder of Nellie Quinn. Plumber George Cramer confessed under the evidence.
(ON, 4/04, p.11)
1908-1917 Alfred Stieglitz operated his art gallery at 291 Fifth Avenue.
(WSJ, 2/6/00, p.A16)
1909 Feb 12, The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) was founded by 60 people gathered in NYC to discuss recent race riots and how to fight discrimination. They were initially known as the National Negro committee and signed a proclamation known as “The Call.” It was based on the Niagara movement of 1905. Mary White Ovington (1865-1951) was one of the founders.
(SFC, 5/12/96, p.A-6)(SFEC,12/797, BR p.6)(AP, 2/12/98)(SFC, 2/12/09, p.A1)
1909 Feb 16, 1st subway car with side doors went into service in NYC.
1909 Mar 4, Harry Helmsley (d.1997), billionaire New York landlord (Empire State Building), was born in NYC.
1909 Mar 30, The Queensboro Bridge, the first double decker bridge, opened and linked the New York boroughs of Manhattan and Queens.
(AP, 3/30/97)(HN, 3/30/98)
1909 Mar 31, Gustav Mahler conducted the NY Philharmonic for 1st time.
1909 May 31, The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) held its first conference at the United Charities Building in NYC.
(HN, 5/31/98)(MC, 5/31/02)
1909 Jun 1, Pres. William Howard Taft touched a key in Washington, DC, sending a signal to Seattle, opening the Alaska-Yukon Pacific Expo at the Seattle World’s Fair, as well as a signal to NYC initialing the New York to Seattle Automobile Race.
(AH, 6/03, p.18)
1909 Jun 24, Milton Katims, conductor, violist (NBC Orchestra), was born in NYC.
1909 Sep 25, The first National Aeronautic Show opened at Madison Square Garden.
1909 Dec 9, Douglas Fairbanks Jr, actor (Ghost Story), was born in NYC.
1909 The Metropolitan Life Insurance Tower was completed. The 50-story building was the tallest in the world for 4 years. It copied the Campanile in the Piazza San Marco in Venice that collapsed in 1902.
(HT, 5/97, p.24)
1909 Mayor George McClellan left office.
(SFEC, 4/4/99, BR p.3)
1909 Florence Nightingale Graham (b.1878) reopened a NYC 5th Ave beauty salon and developed her own Venetian line of beauty preparations, following a failed partnership. She took the name of Elizabeth Arden.
(SFEM, 8/23/98, p.29)
1909-1912 The E.I. Horsman Co., a New York City doll company, made Billiken dolls. The doll was like a teddy bear with the head of a Chinese deity.
(SFC,11/5/97, Z.1 p.3)
1910 Apr 20, Robert F. Wagner, (Mayor-D-NYC, 1954-65), was born.
1910 May 15, Robert F. Wagner, (Mayor-D-NYC, 1949-65), was born.
1910 May 23, Artie Shaw (d.2004), jazz bandleader and clarinetist, was born as Arthur Jacoby Arshawsky on the Lower East Side of NYC to poor Eastern European Jewish immigrants.
(HN, 5/23/01)(SFC, 12/31/04, p.A4)
1910 May 26, Laurance S. Rockefeller, CEO (Chase Manhattan Bank), was born in NYC.
1910 Aug 20, The 1st shot fired from an airplane was during a test flight over Brooklyn's Sheepshead Bay.
(WSJ, 5/20/03, p.D5)
1910 Sep 19, George Cohan's "Get-Rich-Quick Wallingford," premiered in NYC.
1910 Nov 27, In NYC the Pennsylvania Railroad began service at Pennsylvania Station. It was begun under the direction of PRR president Alexander J. Cassatt (d.1906) and designed by the architectural firm of McKim, Mead and White. In 2007 Jill Jonnes authored “Conquering Gotham: A Gilded Age Epic: The Construction of Penn Station and its Tunnels.” Penn Station was demolished in 1963.
(AP, 11/27/06)(Econ, 4/14/07, p.95)(SSFC, 7/8/07, p.M2)
1910 Dec 18, Abe Burrows, Broadway composer (Guys & Dolls 1951 TONY), was born in Brooklyn, NY.
1910 Jazz musicians from New Orleans began calling gigs to NYC "The Big Apple" vs. road gigs elsewhere, which paid "little apples." In the 1920s John J. Fitz Gerald, a horse-racing writer, said he first heard the term (Big Apple) used by 2 New Orleans stable hands.
(SFEC, 9/3/00, Z1 p.2)(WSJ, 1/02/00, p.A20)
c1910 George McAneny led a group of Progressive reformers for a massive expansion of the NYC subway system. The project began in 1913 and was completed by 1920.
(WSJ, 4/17/01, p.A18)
1910 The Brooklyn Botanic Garden was established under Dr. Charles Stuart Gager.
(WSJ, 6/21/06, p.D10)
1910-1925 The Royal Art Glass Co. in New York City made glass lamps.
(SFC, 8/5/98, Z1 p.3)
1910-1987 Gimbel’s department store stood on Herald Square in NYC.
(SFC, 12/13/06, p.E3)
1911 Feb 8, Victor Herbert's opera "Natoma," premiered in NYC.
1911 Mar 20, Winter Garden Theater opened at 1634 Broadway, NYC.
1911 Mar 25, The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire killed 146 immigrant workers. 13 girls survived the fire that broke out on the top three floors of the 10-story New York’s Asch Building as the workday was ending. No one knows what caused the fire, but it spread quickly, fueled by the fabric scraps and sewing machine oil used in the manufacture women’s blouses. The three avenues of escape were almost immediately clogged with panicked workers, mostly young immigrant women. Then, to the horror of spectators seven stories below, the desperate women began to jump to their deaths. Appalled by the tragedy, the New York State legislature formed a commission whose findings led to the creation of new fire and building codes that were soon adopted in cities throughout America.
(HNPD, 3/25/00)(SFC, 4/27/98, p.A8)(SFC, 2/24/99, p.C4)(AP, 3/23/08)
1911 Apr 18, George Huntington Hartford II, heir (A&P), was born in NYC.
1911 Apr 21, Leonard Warren, baritone, Met 1939-60, was born in NYC.
1911 May 23, The NY Public Library building at 5th Avenue was dedicated by Pres Taft. In 2008 the central reference building at 42nd and Fifth Avenue was renamed "The Stephen A. Schwarzman Building following a $100 million contribution by Schwarzman (b.1947), co-founder of the Blackstone Group, toward the expansion of the New York Public Library.
(SFC, 5/23/11, p.A5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stephen_A._Schwarzman)
1911 May 27, The Coney Island attraction "Dreamland" was destroyed by fire. The biggest ballroom in the world was located at the end of the Dreamland Pier from 1904-1911.
(http://history.amusement-parks.com/dreamlandfire.htm)(Econ, 12/22/07, p.91)
1911 Jun 28, Samuel J. Battle became the first African-American policeman in New York City.
1911 Oct 29, American newspaperman Joseph Pulitzer, born in Hungary, died in Charleston, S.C. In 2002 Denis Brian authored "Pulitzer: A Life."
(AP, 10/29/97)(WSJ, 1/30/02, p.A16)
1911 Nov 5, Calbraith P. Rodgers ended the first transcontinental flight; 49 days from New York to Pasadena, Calif.
1911 The New York Public Library at 5th Ave. and 42nd opened its doors. It was designed by Carere and Hastings and featured a 78-by-297-foot reading room in the General Research Division.
(WSJ, 11/17/98, p.21)
1911 The Jewish Maimonides Hospital opened in Brooklyn.
(WSJ, 10/27/99, p.A1)
1911 The NY Highlanders (later Yankees) signed Justin Fitzgerald from San Mateo, Ca., to a $385 per year contract, the largest ever presented to an amateur player from the West Coast.
(Ind, 4/17/00, 5A)
1911 The NY Giants played at the Polo Grounds in East Harlem until 1957.
(WSJ, 10/12/99, p.A24)
1912 Jan 3, Plans were announced for a new $150,000 Brooklyn stadium for the Trolley Dodgers baseball team.
1912 Jan 9, The $18 million Equitable Life Assurance building in New York was destroyed by fire.
1912 Jan 29, "Professor" Irwin Corey, comedian (Car Wash, Doc), was born in Brooklyn, NY.
1912 Feb 24, The Jewish organization Hadassah was founded in New York City.
1912 Mar 1, Isabella Goodwin, 1st US woman detective, was appointed in NYC.
1912 May 4, More than ten thousand women and about a thousand men marched down Fifth Avenue in NYC to support woman's suffrage.
(NYT, 5/5/1912, p1)
1912 May 7, Columbia University approved plans for awarding the Pulitzer Prize in several categories. The award was established by Joseph Pulitzer.
1912 May 15, Ty Cobb rushed a heckler at a NY Highlander game and was suspended.
1912 May 20, Joseph Proce, 3rd victim of NYC's Zodiac killer, was born.
1912 Aug 24, NYC held a ticker tape parade for Jim Thorpe and victorious US Olympians.
1912 Sep 30, The Columbia School of Journalism opened in NYC. Joseph Pulitzer bequeathed $2 million to start the school.
(ON, 4/03, p.2)
1912 Dec 20, J. Hartley Manners' "Peg O' My Heart" premiered in NYC.
1912 Police Lt. Charles Becker was convicted of shooting a small-time gambler. In 1970 Andy Logan (d.2000 at 80), reporter, authored "Against the Evidence," a chronicle of the trial.
(SFC, 11/23/00, p.D9)
1912 The Durable Toy & Novelty Co. began making toy registering banks about this time. Its office was in NYC and its factory in Cleveland, Ohio.
(SFC, 4/2/08, p.G2)
1913 Jan 11, The first sedan-type automobile, a Hudson, went on display at the 13th Automobile Show in New York.
1913 Jan 15, The first telephone line between Berlin and New York was inaugurated.
1913 Jan 18, Danny Kaye, UNICEF, comedian, actor, was born in Brooklyn, NY.
1913 Feb 2, The new Grand Central Terminal in NYC opened. It first opened in 1871 and was rebuilt by Cornelius Vanderbilt at 42nd and Park Ave. It was designed by the architectural firms of Reed and Stem and Warren and Wetmore, and was extensively remodeled in 1998.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grand_Central_Terminal)(WSJ, 12/9/04, p.D10)(SSFC, 1/3/10, p.L4)
1913 Feb 12, A New York commission reported that there was widespread violation of child labor laws.
1913 Feb 15, The 1st avant-garde art show in America opened in NYC. [see Feb 17]
(440 Int’l., 2/15/99)
1913 Feb 17, NY Armory Show introduced Picasso, Matisse, Duchamp to US public. [see Feb 15]
1913 Mar 25, The home of vaudeville, the Palace Theatre, opened in New York City starring Ed Wynn.
(AP, 3/24/98)(MC, 3/25/02)
1913 May 26, The Actors' Equity Association was organized in NYC.
1913 Jun 2, Bert Farber, orchestra leader (Arthur Godfrey, Vic Damone), was born in Brooklyn, NY.
1913 Aug 28, Richard Tucker, [Reuben Ticker], Tenor (NY Met Opera), was born in Brooklyn, NY.
1913 Sep 22, "7 Keys to Baldpate," by Earl Derr Biggers (Charlie Chan) premiered in NYC.
1913 Oct 28, The "Krazy Kat" comic strip by George Herriman (1880-1944) debuted as a daily comic strip in the New York Evening Journal.
1913 Dec 21, The first crossword puzzle, created by Arthur Wynne, the English-born New York journalist, was published in the New York World.
1913 Arthur B. Davies helped organize the Armory Show of modern art in New York. The exhibit included works by Fauvists and Cubists which outraged traditional artists. The show featured "Nude Descending a Staircase," (1912) by Marcel Duchamp (1887-1968), French painter.
(V.D.-H.K.p.361)(WSJ, 12/18/96, p.A18)
1913 The New York Times building was constructed.
(SFEM, 1/16/00, p.22)
1913 The $13 million, 60-story, 792-foot Woolworth Building, designed by architect Cass Gilbert, was completed at 233 Broadway and became the tallest building in the world. The Woolworth Building in New York reigned as the world's tallest building from its opening until the Chrysler Building was completed in 1930. It was first conceived in 1910 with a simple drawing by architect Cass Gilbert. Commissioned by retail giant Frank Winfield Woolworth as the headquarters of his "five and ten cent" store chain, the Woolworth Building was the first to utilize many key developments in skyscraper technology. The building was supported by a foundation of concrete piers sunk below street level to bedrock. Men worked in caissons, or chambers kept dry with high-pressure air, to sink the foundation below the water line. Above ground, the building's steel framework rose 792 feet--very tall for its day--and its wind bracing was highly developed. High-speed express and local elevators were also used in this building, which instantly became a symbol of the vitality of New York.
(HT, 5/97, p.24)(HNPD, 2/27/99)(WSJ, 5/6/99, p.A24)
1913 The New York Highlanders American League baseball team officially adopted the “Yankees” name. Newspapers have begun calling them the “Yanks” as early as 1904. Fans had earlier called them “the Americans” due to their league affiliation.
(ON, 6/09, p.11)
1913 The eldiario/La Prensa Spanish newspaper began publishing.
(SFC, 7/14/99, p.A17)
1913 Ebbets Field at Sullivan Place in Flatbush became the home of the Brooklyn Dodgers until 1957.
(WSJ, 10/12/99, p.A24)
1914 Feb 13, The American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers, known as ASCAP, was founded in New York City.
(HN, 2/13/98)(AP, 2/13/98)
1914 Feb 26, New York Museum of Science and Industry was incorporated.
1914 Jun 11, Gerald Mohr, actor (Christopher-Foreign Intrigue), was born in NYC.
1914 Jul 28, Foxtrot was 1st danced at New Amsterdam Roof Garden in NYC by Harry Fox.
1914 Jul 29, Transcontinental telephone service began with the first phone conversation between New York and San Francisco.
1914 Aug 19, Elmer Rice' "On Trial," premiered in NYC.
1914 Oct 28, Jonas Salk, US physician and virologist, was born in NYC. He developed the first safe and effective vaccine against polio.
(HN, 10/28/98)(AH, 10/04, p.15)
1914 Nov 2, Victor Herbert's "Only Girl," premiered in NYC.
1914 Nov 11, Howard Fast, screenwriter (Rachel & the Stranger, Spartacus), was born in NYC.
1914 Dec 8, "Watch Your Step," the first musical revue to feature a score composed entirely by Irving Berlin, opened in New York.
1914 Dec 15, The New York Stock Exchange reopened under restrictions that specified minimum prices. It had closed for 4 1/2 months due to the war.
(WSJ, 7/8/96, p.C1)(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R42)
1914 The Apollo Theater opened in Harlem. It was turned into a movie theater in the 1970s and reopened for live shows in 1983.
(SFC, 8/16/99, p.A3)
1914 Harry Fox introduced the foxtrot dance in the Ziegfeld Follies.
(SFC, 10/30/99, p.B3)
c1914 When WW I began Helena Rubinstein relocated her Paris beauty salon business to NYC off 5th Ave.
(SFEM, 8/23/98, p.29)
1915 Jan 25, Umberto Giordano, Sardou & Moreau's opera "Madame Sans Gene" premiered in NYC.
1915 Jan 25, The inventor of the telephone, Alexander Graham Bell, inaugurated transcontinental telephone service in the United States. Bell placed the first ceremonial cross-continental call from New York to his old colleague Thomas Watson in San Francisco.
(SFC, 2/3/97, p.D1) (AP, 1/25/98)(HN, 1/25/99)
1915 Feb 28, Zero "Samuel" Mostel, actor (Fiddler on the Roof), was born in Brooklyn.
1915 Jun 3, Leo Gorcey, actor (Mannequin, Road to Zanzibar), was born in NYC.
1915 Oct 23, Tens of thousands of women marched in NYC, demanding the right to vote.
1915 The 38-story Equitable Building, located at 120 Broadway in the Financial District of Lower Manhattan, was completed. It was designed by Ernest R. Graham.
1915 The dance craze of 1915 kicked off Broadway's (NYC) true Golden Age.
(WSJ, 3/19/04, p.W12)
1916 Feb 24, Jules Verne's "20,000 Leagues Under the Sea" opened in New York.
1916 Feb 26, Jackie Gleason, comedian (Ralph Kramden in the Honeymooners), was born in Brooklyn, NY.
1916 May 13, Sholem Aleichem (b.1859), Yiddish writer (Fiddler on the Roof), died in NY. He was born as Solomon Rabinowitz (1859) in Russia. His work included “Tevye the Dairyman,” a series of stories published from 1894-1914.
(www.britannica.com)(WSJ, 9/22/07, p.W6)
1916 Apr 22, Yehudi Menuhin (d.1999), violinist, was born in New York.
(SFC, 3/13/99, p.A1)
1916 Apr 23, Lord Dunsany's "Night at an Inn," premiered in NYC.
1916 Jul 4, Nathan’s Famous Hot Dogs opened a stand at Brooklyn’s Coney Island and held an eating contest as a publicity stunt that became an annual event.
(SFC, 7/5/97, p.A3)
1916 Jul 28, David Brown, director (Jaws, Planet of the Apes), was born in NYC.
1916 Aug 31, Daniel Schorr, broadcast journalist (CBS), was born in NYC.
1916 Oct 16, Margaret Higgins Sanger opened the first birth control clinic at 46 Amboy St. in Brooklyn. She spent 30 days in jail when she opened America's first birth control clinic. Sanger coined the term "birth control" and made the cause a worldwide movement. After opening her clinic in Brooklyn, she was jailed for creating a public nuisance. Born in Corning, New York, on September 14, 1883, Sanger died in 1966.
(AP, 10/16/97)(HNQ, 9/11/98)
1916 Fiorello LaGuardia was elected to Congress as NYC representative from the Italian section of Harlem.
(SSFC, 8/15/04, p.D11)
1917 Jan, The 5-member white Dixie Jass Band from New Orleans led by Nick LaRocca cut its first jazz records: "Darktown Strutters’ Ball" and "Indiana" for Columbia Records in NYC.
(SFC, 12/27/99, p.E3)(SFC, 1/19/02, p.D5)
1917 Feb 20, Kern, Bolton & Wodehouse's musical "Oh, Boy!," premiered in NYC.
1917 May 28, Barry Commoner, biologist (Science & Survival), was born in Brooklyn, NY.
1917 Jun 30, Lena Horne, American singer, was born in Brooklyn, NYC. She later appeared in the films "Stormy Weather" and "Death of a Gunfighter."
(HN, 6/30/99)(MC, 6/30/02)
1917 Oct 27, 20,000 women marched in a suffrage parade in New York.
1917 Oct 31, Eugene O'Neill's "In the Zone," premiered in NYC.
1917 Nov 28, Fred and Adele Astaire debut on Broadway in the Sigmund Romberg revue "Over the Top".
(DT net, 11/28/97)(MC, 11/28/01)
1917 Dec 28, The New York Evening Mail published a facetious essay by H.L. Mencken on the history of bathtubs in America.
1917 The Pulitzer Prize was establishments for achievements in journalism and letters. It was named after publisher Joseph Pulitzer (d.1911).
(SFC, 12/27/99, p.E3)(HNQ, 1/29/02)
1918 Jan 27, "Tarzan of the Apes," 1st Tarzan film, premiered at Broadway Theater.
1918 Feb 3, Joey Bishop, [Gottlieb], talk show host (Joey Bishop Show), was born in the Bronx.
1918 Feb 14, Sigmund Romberg's musical "Sinbad," premiered in NYC.
1918 Mar 9, Frank Morrison Spillane (d.2006), mystery writer [Mickey Spillane], was born in Brooklyn. His Mike Hammer crime novels later sold over 200 million copies. His books included “Kiss Me Deadly” and “The Erection Set.”
(HN, 3/9/01)(SFC, 6/21/01, p.D5)(SFC, 7/18/06, p.B5)
1918 Mar 13, Women were scheduled to march in the St. Patrick's Day Parade in New York due to a shortage of men. When the United States entered World War I, propagandist George Creel set out to stifle anti-war sentiment.
1918 May 15, The U.S. Post Office and the U.S. Army began regularly scheduled airmail service between Washington and New York through Philadelphia.
(AP, 5/15/97)(HNPD, 6/15/99)(HNQ, 4/24/01)
1918 Aug 17, Mort Marshall, actor (Cully-Dumplings), was born in NYC.
1918 Aug 19, "Yip! Yip! Yaphank," a musical revue by Irving Berlin featuring Army recruits from Camp Upton in Yaphank, N.Y., opened on Broadway.
1918 Nov 1, During a wildcat strike a replacement motorman, behind schedule, was speeding a Brighton Beach bound train down what is today the Franklin Avenue shuttle. The train derailed on a curve and hit a tunnel wall on the approach to the Prospect Park Station. 102 died in a NYC BMT subway derailment at Malbone Street, Brooklyn.
1918 Dec 19, Robert Ripley began his "Believe It or Not" column in the NY Globe.
1918 Dec 20, Eugene O'Neill's "Moon of the Caribees" premiered in NYC.
1918 Gilda Gray inspired a dance craze after she performed "The Shimmy" to W.C. Handy's Saint Louis Blues in a Broadway show.
(ON, 1/03, p.9)
1918 Charley Chapin (1858-1930), city editor for the Pulitzer's NYC Evening World, faced financial ruin after living beyond his means. He contemplated murder-suicide and killed his wife, but lost his nerve and turned himself in. He was sent to Sing Sing prison where he cultivated roses. In 1920 he wrote an autobiography.
(WSJ, 3/904, p.D8)
1919 Feb 1, "There she is..." The first Miss America was crowned on this day, not in Atlantic City, but in New York City. Edith Hyde was not, the judges found, a Miss. She was a Mrs. Mrs. Tod Robbins—the mother of two children.
(440 Int'l, 2/1/1999)
1919 Feb 5, Aaron Chwatt (d.2006) was born in NYC. He later established himself as a Borscht Circuit comic and became known as Red Buttons, comic film and TV star.
(SFC, 7/14/06, p.B9)
1919 Jun 11, Eamon de Valera, Sinn Fein leader, arrived in NYC where he lived until 1921 raising funds for the nationalist cause in Ireland.
(ON, 9/04, p.7)
1919 Jun 26, The New York Daily News, America's first tabloid, was first published.
(AP, 6/26/99)(SFC, 12/27/99, p.E3)
1919 Oct 7, Fritz Kreisler's and F. Jacobi's "Apple Blossoms," premiered in NYC.
1919 Oct 23, Sigmund Romberg's musical "Passing Show," premiered in NYC.
1919 Nov 18, H. Tierney's and J. McCarthy's musical "Irene," premiered in NYC.
1919 Dec 2, Henry Clay Frick (b.1849), coal and steel magnate, died in NYC. He partnered with Andrew Carnegie and built of the largest coke & steel operation of the time. In 1998 Martha Frick and Symington Sanger authored “Henry Clay Frick.” In 2005 Les Standiford authored “Meet You In Hell,” an account of the rivalry between Frick and Andrew Carnegie.
(www.netstate.com/states/peop/people/pa_hcf.htm)(WSJ, 7/29/05, p.W8)(WSJ, 8/4/07, p.P9)
1919 Dec 8-31, The first round trip transcontinental flight was made from NYC to SF and back.
(SFEC, 4/25/99, Z1 p.4)
1919 Dec 19, The Thimble Theatre cartoon strip, by Elzie Segar (1894-1938) of Chesater, Ill., made its debut in the New York Journal and featured the characters Olive Oyl, Castor Oyl, and Ham Gravy, who were the comic's leads for about a decade. He added Popeye in 1929.
1919 A.P. Giannini of SF formed the East National Bank in NYC.
(SFC, 4/14/98, p.B1)
1920 Jan 3, The Red Sox sold Babe Ruth to the Yankees for $100,000, twice the amount of any previous player transaction. The deal also included a $300,000 loan secured by a mortgage on Fenway Park, a contractual clause that made the Yankees owners the Red Sox's landlords.
1920 Jan 13, A NY Times editorial excoriated Dr. Robert H. Goddard, and reported that rockets can never fly. In 1969 the NY Times belatedly apologized.
(WSJ, 8/7/03, p.A1)
1920 Apr 3, F. Scott Fitzgerald and Zelda Sayre were married at St. Patrick's Cathedral in New York City.
1920 Aug 23, M.R. Rinehart and A. Hopwood's "Bat," premiered in NYC.
1920 Sep 8, New York-to-San Francisco air mail service was inaugurated. US postal planes began flying across the country, but these flights took place only in daylight because pilots relied on visual landmarks to navigate.
1920 Sep 16, A bomb exploded in front of the Morgan building at 23 Wall St. in NYC at noon on a busy Thursday. 33 people were killed and over 200 wounded. A 16-foot stretch of the Tennessee-marble façade with pockmarks of the blast was retained as a memorial. Ron Chernow described the incident in his book "The House of Morgan." No one was charged but Prof. Paul Avrich, in his book "Sacco and Vanzetti: The Anarchist Background," later held that Mario Buda, an Italian immigrant, was the culprit.
(WSJ, 12/10/98, p.B1)(SFC, 9/22/01, p.A3)(SSFC, 4/16/06, p.E4)(WSJ, 8/18/07, p.P8)
1920 Oct 1, Walter Matthau (d.2000), actor, was born as Walter Matuchanskayasky in NYC to Russian-Jewish immigrants.
(SFC, 7/3/00, p.C2)
1920 Oct 12, Construction began on Holland Tunnel connecting NJ and NYC.
1920 Nov 1, Eugene O'Neill's "Emperor Jones," premiered in NYC.
1920 Nov 10, George Bernard Shaw's "Heartbreak House," premiered in NYC.
1920 Dec 24, Enrico Caruso gave his last public performance, singing in Jacques Halevy's "La Juive" at the Metropolitan Opera in New York.
1920 NYC extended its subway from Manhattan to Coney Island.
(SFEC, 7/26/98, Z1 p.8)
1920-1925 Izzy Einstein and Moe Smith served as Prohibition agents in New York City for five years, often resorting to zany measures to put the pinch on speak-easy owners. From 1920 to 1932, the manufacture and sale of liquor was illegal in the United States, but the clandestine traffic of liquor was plentiful. The job of enforcing the law fell on 1,550 "Feds." Izzy and Moe, with their imagination and good humor, managed to take the credit for 20 percent of all Prohibition cases that came to trial in New York City. While their ruses and disguises earned them much success and notoriety, they also led to them being fired in 1925.
1920-1990s In NYC 5 mob organizations dominated the Mafia. The Lucchese Cosa Nostra was founded by Gaetano Lucchese. In 1998 Ernest Volkman published "Gangbusters: The Destruction of America’s Last Great Mafia Dynasty."
(SFEC, 8/9/98, BR 9 p.4)
1921 Feb 2, Airmail service opened between New York and San Francisco.
1921 Feb 5, The New York Yankee owners released plans for a new Yankee Stadium. Huston and Ruppert had purchased a lumberyard site in the Bronx from William Waldorf Astor for $600,000.
1921 Feb 14, The Literary Review faced obscenity charges in NY for publishing "Ulysses" by James Joyce.
1921 Feb 22, An air mail plane left San Francisco at 4:30 a.m., landing at New York (Hazelhurst Field, L. I., N. Y.) at 4:50 p.m. on February 23.
1921 Mar 31, Albert Einstein lectured in NY on his new theory of relativity. [see Apr 2]
1921 Apr 2, Prof. Albert Einstein lectured in NYC on his new theory of relativity. [see Mar 31]
1921 Apr 10, Chuck Connors, actor (Rifleman, Branded, Cowboy in Africa), was born in Brooklyn, NY. He later auditioned for the Chicago Cubs with Fidel Castro and played for them for a while.
1921 May 29, Clifton James, actor (Buster & Billie, David & Lisa), was born in NYC.
1921 Oct 5, The World Series was broadcast on radio for the first time. By series' end, the NY Giants had beaten the NY Yankees five games to three in the best-of-nine contest.
1921 Oct 25, Bat Masterson (b.1853) died in NYC.
1921 Nov 2, Eugene O'Neill's "Anna Christie," premiered in NYC.
1921 Nov 3, Milk drivers on strike dumped thousands of gallons of milk on New York City streets.
1921 Sardi's restaurant opened.
(SFEC, 7/4/99, p.T4)
1921 Frankart Inc. began business in NYC and continued to the 1940s. The company made mass-produced lamps, ashtrays, bookends and vases.
(SFC, 1/14/09, p.G2)
1922 Jan 27, Elizabeth Cochran (1864-1922), renowned American journalist who had written under the pen name of Nellie Bly, died in NYC.
(ON, 6/20/11, p.12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nellie_Bly)
1922 Feb 7, John Willard's "Cat & the Canary," premiered in NYC.
1922 Feb 27, G.B. Shaw's "Back to Methuselah I/II" premiered in NYC.
1922 Mar 9, Eugene O'Neill's "Hairy Ape," premiered in NYC.
1922 Mar 13, George Bernard Shaw’s "Back to Methusaleh V," premiered in NYC.
1922 Mar 20, Carl Reiner, comedian (2000 Year Old Man, Dick Van Dyke Show), was born in the Bronx.
1922 Apr 4, Elmer Bernstein, movie music composer (Robot Monster), was born in NYC.
1922 May 5, Construction began on Yankee Stadium in the Bronx.
1922 Jul 15, 1st duck-billed platypus was publicly exhibited in US at a NY zoo.
1922 Jul 18, A fire began at the Manufacturers Transit Company’s 7-storey warehouse on Jane St. in Greenwich Village, NYC. Explosions erupted and newspapers called it “the Greenwich Village Volcano.” 2 firemen were killed. A final eruption destroyed 2 houses on Jul 23. Assistant fire chief “Smokey Joe” Martin (d.1945) directed the fire fighting efforts.
(ON, 4/03, p.8)
1922 Aug 2, Carroll O'Connor, actor (All in the Family, Heat of the Night), was born in NYC.
1922 Aug 28, The first-ever radio commercial aired on station WEAF in New York City (the 10-minute advertisement was for the Queensboro Realty Company, which had paid a fee of $100).
(HFA, '96, p.36)(AP, 8/28/97)
1922 Sep 1, A NYC law required all "pool" rooms to change their name to "billiards."
1922 Oct 14, The 1st automated telephones began service at the Pennsylvania exchange in NYC.
1922 Oct 22, Parsifal Place was laid out in Bronx. It was named after a knight in Wagner's Opera.
1922 Oct 31, Karel & Josef Capek's "World We Live In," premiered in NYC.
1922 Nov 13, Black Renaissance began in Harlem, NY.
1922 Nov 13, George Cohan's musical "Little Nellie Kelly," premiered in NYC.
1922 Nov 28, Capt. Cyril Turner of the Royal Air Force gave the first public skywriting exhibition, spelling out, "Hello U-S-A. Call Vanderbilt 7200" over New York's Times Square. 47,000 called.
(DT internet 11/28/97)
1922 Dec 21, Paul Winchell, ventriloquist (Jerry Mahoney, Knucklehead Smith), was born in NYC.
1922 Walter Berndt premiered his comic strip "Smitty" in the New York Daily News. It was about an office boy and his annoying kid brother named Herby, who made his own debut in 1930.
(SFC, 7/8/98, Z1 p.3)
1922 The play "Abies' Irish Rose" began in New York City and ran for 2,327 performances over the next 5 years.
(SFC, 12/28/99, p.C4)
1922 The New York Philharmonic made its first radio broadcast from the old Lewisohn Stadium in upper Manhattan.
(WSJ, 11/13/97, p.A20)
1922 The New York Giants defeated the NY Yankees for the baseball World Series pennant.
(SFC, 10/19/00, p.A14)
1922 The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) expanded its first building at 10 Broad St. to include 11 Wall St.
(SFC, 4/23/98, p.D2)
1922 Samuel I. Newhouse (d.1979) bought the financially troubled Staten Island Advance newspaper. The Newhouse family expanded the operations into a major communications conglomerate.
(SFEC, 11/29/98, p.B6)
1923 Mar 5, Laurence Tisch (d.2003) was born in Brooklyn. In 1946 his parents entrusted him with $125,000 to invest. He and his brother grew it to billions through their Loews conglomerate.
(SSFC, 11/16/03, p.A29)
1923 Mar 13, Lee de Forest demonstrated his sound-on-film moving pictures in NYC.
1923 Mar 14, Diane Arbus [Nemerov] (d.1971), photographer, innovator (Vogue and Harper's Bazaar), was born in NYC. In 1984 Patricia Bosworth authored: "Diane Arbus: A Biography."
1923 Mar 31, The first U.S. dance marathon, held in New York City, ended. Alma Cummings (32) set a world record of 27 hours on her feet. 6 younger male partners helped her.
(AP, 3/31/98)(WSJ, 6/1/05, p.B1)
1923 Apr 7, The Workers Party of America in NYC became an official communist party.
1923 Apr 7, The 1st brain tumor operation under local anesthetic was performed at Beth Israel Hospital in NYC by Dr K. Winfield Ney.
1923 Apr 15, American inventor Lee De Forest (1873-1961) premiered 18 short films made in Phonofilm at the Rivoli Theater in New York City. Phonofilm recorded sound directly onto film.
1923 Apr 18, The first baseball game was played in Yankee Stadium. Babe Ruth hit a three-run homer as the Yankees beat the Red Sox 4-1. The stadium was called the House that Ruth built. In 2011 Robert Weintraub authored “The House That Ruth Built: A New Stadium, the first Yankees Championship, and the Redemption of 1923.”
(AP, 4/18/98)(WSJ, 10/12/99, p.A24)(Econ, 5/7/11, p.90)
1923 Jun 12, Harry Houdini freed himself from a straight jacket while suspended upside down, 40 feet (12 m) above ground in NYC.
1923 Jun 23, Air mail service between SF and NYC was boosted with 50 new Douglas airplanes.
(SFC, 6/22/01, WBb p.8)
1923 Sep 11, ZR-1 (biggest active dirigible) flew over NY's tallest skyscraper, Woolworth Tower.
1923 Sep 28, William Windom, actor (Farmer's Daughter, Murder She Wrote), was born in NYC.
1923 Oct 29, "Runnin' Wild," which introduced the Charleston dance, opened on Broadway.
1923 Dec 2, Maria M. Callas (d.1977), opera singer (Norma, Traviata, Medea, Lucia, Tosca), was born in NYC.
1923 Dec 28, George Bernard Shaw's "St. Joan," premiered in NYC.
1923 The Webster Apartments opened in NYC as a residence for single, working women only.
(WSJ, 8/31/04, p.A1)
1923 The New York Yankees defeated the NY Giants in the World Series 4 games to 2.
(SFC, 10/16/99, p.C1)
1924 Feb 12, George Gershwin’s groundbreaking symphonic jazz composition "Rhapsody in Blue" premiered at Carnegie Hall with Gershwin himself playing the piano with Paul Whiteman’s orchestra.
(AP, 2/12/98)(HN, 2/12/01)(MC, 2/12/02)
1924 May 16, Frank F. Mankiewicz, columnist (Perfectly Clear), was born in NYC.
1924 May 30, The Rivoli Theater in Manhattan opened with a new air-conditioning system developed by Willis Carrier. This followed 3 successful installation in Texas.
(ON, 8/07, p.11)
1924 Jun 24, The Democrats began their convention in New York’s Madison Square Garden. They were lured there by newspaper mogul Herbert Bayard Swope’s fundraising offer of $205,000. US Democrats offered Mrs. Lena Jones Springs (d.1942) for vice presidential nomination, the first woman considered for the job, for her party work in South Carolina.
(HN, 6/27/98)(SFC, 1/31/07, p.G6)
1924 Jun 24, The US political conventions were first broadcast nationally by radio. The democrats settled on John W. Davis after 103 ballots. He was then defeated soundly by Calvin Coolidge.
(WSJ, 7/22/96, p.A12)(WSJ, 8/9/96, p.A11)
1924 Jul 1, A regular transcontinental airmail service formed between NYC and SF.
1924 Jul 25, Estelle Getty, actress (Sophia Petrillo-Golden Girls), was born in NYC.
1924 Aug 5, The comic strip "Little Orphan Annie" by Harold Gray (d.1968) made its debut in the NY Daily News. Daddy Warbucks was her millionaire guardian. Leonard Starr took over the strip in 1979. Her image was updated in 2000 by cartoonist Andrew Pepoy. [see Oct 5]
(AP, 8/5/97)(SFEC, 10/17/99, p.C12)(SFC, 6/12/00, p.A2)
1924 Sep 2, The Rudolf Friml operetta "Rose Marie" opened on Broadway and ran for 558 performances. Producer Arthur Hammerstein ordered that it be written for singer Mary Ellis (1897-2003).
(AP, 9/2/99)(SFC, 2/3/03, p.B4)
1924 Sep 3, L. Stallings & M. Anderson's "What Price Glory?," premiered in NYC.
1924 Oct 5, 1st Little Orphan Annie strip appeared in NYC Daily News. [see Aug 5, 1924]
1924 Nov 30, Shirley Chisholm (d.2004), first African-American congresswoman (1968), was born as Shirley St. Hill in NYC.
(SFC, 1/3/05, p.A3)
1924 Nov, The 1st Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade was held in New York's Herald Square.
(SFEC, 10/17/99, p.C12)
1924 Dec 1, George and Ira Gershwin's musical "Lady Be Good," premiered in NYC.
1924 Dec 12, Edward I Koch, Mayor-D-NYC, 1977-89, judge on TV’s People's Court, was born in NYC.
1924 Dec 29, Milton Berle (d.2002), comedian, at 16 made his debut at Loew’s State Theater in Times Square for $600 per week.
(SFC, 3/28/02, p.A15)
1924-1968 Robert Moses (1888-1981), master builder, shaped New York City during this period.
(WSJ, 5/1/02, p.D7)(SSFC, 5/5/02, p.M2)
1925 Feb 8, Kaufman's & Berlin's "Cocoanuts," premiered in NYC.
1925 Feb 21, The first issue of the New Yorker magazine, founded by Harold Ross, hit the newsstands, selling for 15 cents a copy. Raoul Fleischmann provided the financial backing. The top hatted character Eustace Tilley appeared on the cover of the first issue and every anniversary issue. In 1999 Mary F. Corey published "The World Through a Monocle: The New Yorker at Midcentury." In 2000 Ben Yagoda authored "About Town: The New Yorker and the World It Made." In 2000 Ranata Adler authored "Gone: The Last Days of the New Yorker."
(AP, 2/21/98)(SFEC, 6/27/99, BR p.4)(SFEC, 2/20/00, BR p.5)(SSFC, 6/20/04, p.M1)
1925 Jun 2, NY Yankee Lou Gehrig began his 2,130 consecutive game streak.
1925 Jul 13, Will Rogers, an Oklahoma cowboy, who had been standing in for W.C. Fields in the "Ziegfeld Follies," impressed the critics.
1925 Dec 3, "Concerto in F," by George Gershwin, had its world premiere at New York's Carnegie Hall, with Gershwin himself at the piano.
1925 Dec 8, Sammy Davis Jr, singer, dancer and actor (Ocean's 11, Candy Man), was born in NYC.
(SFC, 9/9/00, p.A21)(MC, 12/8/01)
1925 Dec 28, George and Ira Gershwin's musical "Tip-Toes," premiered in NYC.
1925 Georgia O’Keeffe created her painting "New York Street With Moon."
(WSJ, 1/02/00, p.A20)
1925 A.P. Giannini of SF bought the Bowery National Bank in NYC.
(SFC, 4/14/98, p.B1)
1925 Izzy Einstein and Moe Smith served as Prohibition agents in New York City for five years, often resorting to zany measures to put the pinch on speak-easy owners. From 1920 to 1932, the manufacture and sale of liquor was illegal in the United States, but the clandestine traffic of liquor was plentiful. The job of enforcing the law fell on 1,550 "Feds." Izzy and Moe, with their imagination and good humor, managed to take the credit for 20 percent of all Prohibition cases that came to trial in New York City. While their ruses and disguises earned them much success and notoriety, they also led to them being fired in 1925.
1925 Aaron Streit, an Austrian immigrant, founded Streit’s kosher matzo factory in Manhattan’s lower East Side.
(SSFC, 4/17/11, Par p.4)
1925 AT&T founded Bell Labs as its research and development subsidiary at 463 West Street, New York. By this year the company had achieved a virtual monopoly on local telephone service. Frank B. Jewett was the first president of Bell Labs and continued to 1940. In 2012 Jon Gertner authored “The Idea Factory: Bell Labs and the Great Age of American Innovation.”
(www.flickr.com/photos/businesshistory/907685155/)(Econ, 4/21/12, p.97)
1925-1929 Alfred Stieglitz operated the Intimate Gallery.
(WSJ, 2/6/00, p.A16)
1926 Feb 1, Land at Broadway & Wall Street sold at a record $7 per sq. inch.
1926 Feb 26, Dark Street in the Bronx was renamed Lustre Street.
1926 Mar 7, The first successful trans-Atlantic radio-telephone conversation took place, between New York City and London.
1926 Apr 16, The new Book of the Month Club sent out its 1st selection: "Lolly Willows or The Loving Huntsman" by Sylvia Townsend Warner. It went to nearly 5,000 members who had joined the Club, which had just been established in New York City.
1926 Aug 3, Tony Bennett, singer, was born in Queens, NY.
1926 Aug 6, Warner Bros. premiered its "Vitaphone" sound-on-disc movie system in New York with a showing of "Don Juan" featuring music and sound effects.
1926 Aug 23, Silent film star Rudolph Valentino died in New York at age 31. World-wide hysteria and a number of suicides followed his death.
(AP, 8/23/97)(HN, 8/23/98)
1926 Oct 3, The NY Yankees defeated the St. Louis Cardinals in the 1st game of this years’ baseball World Series.
(SFC, 9/28/01, WB p.6)
1926 Nov 8, George Gershwin's musical "Oh, Kay," premiered in NYC.
1926 Nov 23, Noel Coward's "This Was a Man," premiered in NYC.
1926 Nov 29, W. Somerset Maugham's "Constant Wife" premiered in NYC.
1926 Mae West opened her "Sex" comedy-drama show on Broadway. Police closed it down after 41 weeks and West was arrested along with the 17-member cast. West served 8 days in jail.
(SFC, 6/24/02, p.D2)
1927 Mar 1, Harry Belafonte, calypso singer (Buck and the Preacher), was born in Harlem, NYC.
1927 Mar 2, Babe Ruth signed a 3-year contract with the New York Yankees for a guarantee of $70,000 a year, thus becoming baseball's highest paid player.
(HC, Internet, 2/3/98)
1927 Mar 31, William Daniels, actor (Dr Mark Craig-St Elsewhere, 1776), was born in Brooklyn, NY.
1927 Apr 7, Secretary of Commerce Herbert Hoover was on hand for the first inter-city (DC to Manhattan) transmission by telephone of video imagery. Hoover’s image and voice were transmitted across telephone lines.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1927_in_television)(AH, 4/07, p.14)
1927 Apr 21, Robert Brustein, dean, Yale School of Drama, was born in NYC.
1927 May 25, Robert Ludlum, spy novelist (Bourne Identity), was born in NYC.
1927 Jun 8, Jerry Stiller, comedian (Frank Constanza-Seinfeld), was born in Brooklyn, NY.
1927 Jun 13, Aviation hero Charles Lindbergh was honored with a ticker-tape parade in New York City.
1927 Jul 10, David Dinkins, first African-American mayor of New York City, was born.
1927 Jul 29, Bellevue Hospital in NY installed the 1st iron lung.
1927 Aug 21, The 4th Pan-African Congress met in NYC.
1927 Sep 12, Sigmund Romberg's musical "My Maryland," premiered in NYC.
1927 Sep 20, NY Yankee Babe Ruth hit his record 60th HR of season off Tom Zachry. [see Sep 30]
1927 Sep 30, Babe Ruth hit his 60th homerun of the season off Tom Zachary in Yankee Stadium, New York City, to break his own major-league record. [see Sep 20]
(AP, 9/30/97)(HN, 9/30/98)
1927 Nov 3, Rodgers' & Hart's musical "Connecticut Yankee," premiered in NYC.
1927 Nov 12, New York’s underwater Holland Tunnel officially opened. It connected NY to New Jersey. [see Nov 13]
(HN, 11/12/98)(MC, 11/12/01)
1927 Nov 13, The Holland Tunnel opened to the public, linking New York City and New Jersey beneath the Hudson River. [see Nov 12]
(TMC, 1994, p.1927)(AP, 11/13/97)
1927 Nov 22, George Gershwin's "Funny Face," premiered in NYC.
1927 Dec 4, Duke Ellington opened at the Cotton Club in Harlem.
1927 Dec 27, The musical play "Show Boat," with music by Jerome Kern and libretto by Oscar Hammerstein the Second, opened at the Ziegfeld Theater in New York.
(WSJ, 2/27/97, p.A15)(SFC, 5/15/97, p.E4)(AP, 12/27/97)
1927 Dec 28, George Kaufman and Moss Hart's "Royal Family," premiered in NYC.
1927 The Mae West play "Sex" caused a scandal. Her "Sex" comedy-drama show on Broadway in 1926 and Police closed it down after 41 weeks. West was arrested along with the 17-member cast and served 8 days in jail.
(SSFC, 4/15/01, DB p.35)(SFC, 6/24/02, p.D2)
1927 Herbert Asbury wrote "The Gangs of New York." The book established the Five Points district as the mythic slum.
(AM, Mar/Apr 97 p.46)(SFC, 7/29/98, p.A19)
1927 The Cranford Rose Garden was established in the Brooklyn Botanic Garden with a $15,000 donation from engineer Walter V. Cranford. His firm built many of Brooklyn’s subway tunnels.
(WSJ, 6/21/06, p.D10)
1928 Jan 7, William Peter Blatty, author and director (The Exorcist), was born in NYC.
1928 Jan 9, Judith Krantz, author (Scruples, Princess Daisy, Dazzle), was born in NYC.
1928 Jan 9, Eugene O'Neill's "Marco Millions," premiered in NYC.
1928 Jan 20, Martin Landau, actor (Mission Impossible, Tucker, Space 1999), was born in Brooklyn, NY.
1928 Feb 24, In its first show to feature a Black artist, the New Gallery of New York exhibited works of Archibald Motley.
1928 Mar 13, Rudolph Friml's musical "Three Musketeers," premiered in NYC.
1928 Apr 9, Mae West's NYC debut in a daring new play "Diamond Lil."
1928 May 10, WGY-TV in Schenectady, New York, began regular television programming.
1928 Jun 17, Fox Movietone News covered the first night of a NY dance marathon at the Manhattan Casino and took a close-up of the feet of "Shorty" George Snowden. When asked "What are you doing with your feet," Shorty replied, "The Lindy." The Lindy Hop was born in black communities in Harlem, New York in the United States from about 1927 into the early 1930s from four possible sources: the breakaway, the Charleston, the Texas Tommy, and the hop. Four couples remained when the dance marathon was forced by the Health Commissioner to end after 16 days, on July 3. The eight finalists were awarded an equal portion of the $1000 prize at the Savoy Ballroom on Friday, July 6, 1928.
1928 Aug 14, The "Front Page" of Ben Hecht and Charles MacArthur premiered in NYC.
1928 Aug 27, 16 people died in NYC’s 2nd worst subway accident.
1928 Sep 20, Joyce Brothers, pop psychiatrist ($64,000 question winner), was born in NYC.
1928 Nov 4, Arnold Rothstein (46), US mobster, was shot to death at the Grand Hotel in NYC. In 2005 Nick Tosches authored “King of the Jews,” a biography of Rothstein.
(SSFC, 6/12/05, p.B6)
1928 Nov 8, George and Ira Gershwin's musical "Treasure Girl," premiered in NYC.
1928 Nov 18, Walt Disney’s "Steamboat Willie," starring Mickey Mouse, premiered at the Colony Theater in NYC. It was the first successful sound-synchronized animated cartoon.
(TMC, 1994, p.1928)(AP, 11/18/97)
1928 Nov 26, Philip Barry's "Holiday," premiered in NYC.
1928 Dec 13, George Gershwin's musical work "An American in Paris" had its premiere, at Carnegie Hall in New York. The debut was performed by the New York Philharmonic Orchestra under the direction of Walter Damrosch.
(AP, 12/13/98)(MC, 12/13/01)
1928 Herbert Asbury authored "The Gangs of New York." In 2002 it was made into a film.
(SFC, 12/30/02, p.D1)
1928 The NY Philharmonic merged with the NY Symphony.
(WSJ, 7/19/00, p.A1)
1928 Gene Autry recorded "That Silver-Haired Daddy of Mine" written with Jimmy Long in NYC. The success of the record won Autry a contract with Columbia Records and a role in the weekly "National Barn Dance" radio show.
(SFC, 10/3/98, p.A14)
1928 John Ringling, circus entrepreneur, purchased some 2,300 artifacts of the Cesnola collection from the NYC Metropolitan Museum at an auction.
(AM, 7/97, p.70)
1928 A.P. Giannini of SF bought the small Bank of America in NYC. He then wrapped his East Coast Banks under the corporate parent Transamerica Corp. with New York banker Elisha Walker as CEO.
(SFC, 4/14/98, p.B1)
1929 Jan 17, The first Popeye character appeared in the Thimble Theater cartoon strip by Elzie Segar (1894-1938) of Chesater, Ill.
(WSJ, 10/15/96, p.A1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/E.C._Segar)
1929 Jan 26, Jules Feiffer, cartoonist (Passionella), author (Little Murders), was born in NYC.
1929 Aug 3, Bethel Leslie, entertainer (Capt Newman MD, Rabbit Trap), was born in NYC.
1929 Aug 27, Ira Levin, author (Rosemary Baby, Boys From Brazil, This Perfect Day), was born in NYC.
1929 Aug 29, John Jacob Raskob (1879-1950), former General Motors executive, announced the construction of the world’s tallest building, the Empire State Building.
(ON, 12/08, p.10)
1929 Sep 18, Preston Sturges' "Strictly Dishonorable," premiered in NYC.
1929 Oct 1, In NYC demolition began of the Waldorf-Astoria to make way for the new Empire State Building.
(ON, 12/08, p.11)
1929 Oct 9, G. Kaufman's and R. Lardner's musical "June Moon," premiered NYC.
1929 Oct 23, First transcontinental air service began from New York to Los Angeles.
1929 Oct 24, Black Thursday, the first day of the stock market crash, began the Great Depression. Dow Jones was down 12.8%. Stock values collapsed and 13 million shares changed hands as small investors frantically tried to sell off their holdings. Thousands of confused investors and brokers were ruined and banks, which had also invested heavily in the market, failed when they could not produce enough cash on demand for angry depositors. The 3 cent Brooklyn Daily Eagle reported the crash along with a story on the trial of a former banking superintendent for taking a $10,000 bribe for not inspecting some insolvent banks.
(HN, 10/24/98)(HNPD, 10/29/98)(SFEC, 7/11/99, p.D9)(AH, 10/04, p.15)
1929 Oct 29, The DJIA dropped 11.7%. "Black Tuesday" was the worst day of the market crash as panicked survivors dumped 16 million shares on the market. Clerical workers stayed up all night to find that $30 billion in paper value had been wiped out in one day. Prices collapsed amid panic selling and thousands of investors were wiped out as America's Great Depression began. On Wall street prices plunged $14 million. By mid- November $30 billion of the $80 billion worth of stocks listed in September were been wiped out. Stocks continued to slide until 1932, but the fear caused by the crash made Americans unwilling to buy or invest and the economy slowly worsened into the Great Depression. In 1994 daily trades average 200-300 million shares. In 1954 John Kenneth Galbraith authored “The Great Crash.” In 2001 Maury Klein authored "Rainbow’s End: The Crash of 1929."
(SFC,10/17/97, p.B2)(HNPD, 10/29/98)(HN, 10/29/98)(WSJ, 10/26/01, p.A20)(WSJ, 7/19/08, p.W6)
1929 Nov 7, The Museum of Modern Art in New York City opened to the public.
(AP, 11/7/97)(WSJ, 3/24/98, p.A20)
1929 Nov 12, In NYC the cap was put on the framework of George Ohrstrom’s building at 40 Wall Street, establishing its height at 925 feet.
(ON, 12/08, p.11)
1929 Nov 16, In NYC the Daily Building Report announced that the final height of the new Chrysler Building would be 1,046 feet.
(ON, 12/08, p.11)
1929 Dec 5, The 1st US nudist organization, American League for Physical Culture, was began in NYC.
1929 Dec 11, John Jacob Raskob (1879-1950), former General Motors executive, announced a 102-story design for his Empire State Building.
(http://outside.in/Manhattan_NY/tags/empire%20state%20building)(ON, 12/08, p.10)
1929 Dec 24, Mary Higgins Clark, author (Cry in the Night, Stillwatch), was born in Bronx, NY.
1929 Dec 30, Cole Porter's musical "Wake Up & Dream," premiered in NYC.
1929 The 37-story Daily News building, designed by John Mead Howells and Raymond Hood, opened on 42nd Street in Manhattan. It became a model for the fictional Daily Planet in Superman movies. The NY Daily News vacated the building in 1995.
(WSJ, 8/29/07, p.B6)
1929 The Eisenberg Sandwich Shop opened in NYC.
(SFEC, 7/4/99, p.T4)
1929-1946 Alfred Stieglitz operated his art gallery: An American Place.
(WSJ, 2/6/00, p.A16)
1929-1939 Berenice Abbott spent ten years photographing New York City as it changed. She received funding from the WPA from 1935 to 1939 and selected 305 photos for the New Deal project. The complete work was compiled by Bonnie Yochelson and published in 1997: "Berenice Abbott" Changing New York."
(WSJ, 12/4/97, p.A20)
1930 Jan 20, Charles Lindbergh arrived in New York, setting a cross country flying record of 14.75 hours.
1930 Jan 22, In NYC construction began on the Empire State Building. The building opened on April 1, 1931, a month ahead of schedule.
(ON, 12/08, p.12)
1930 Jan 25, New York police routed a Communist rally at the Town Hall.
1930 Feb 18, Richard Rodgers' & Lorenz Hart's "Simple Simon," premiered in NYC.
1930 Feb 19, John Frankenheimer (d.2002), Hollywood film director (Birdman of Alcatraz, The Train), was born in NYC.
(SSFC, 7/7/02, p.A23)(MC, 2/19/02)
1930 Feb 21, Marc Connelly's "Green Pastures," premiered in NYC.
1930 Feb 26, "The Green Pastures" opened at Mansfield Theater.
1930 Feb 26, Manhattan, NYC, installed the 1st red and green traffic lights.
1930 Mar 3, Bert Lahr ("The Wizard of Oz") and Kate "God Bless America" Smith starred as "Flying High" opened at the Apollo Theatre in New York City. The show had a run of 45 weeks at what is now the most famous black entertainment theatre in America.
(HC, Internet, 3/3/98)
1930 Apr 8, John Reardon, baritone (Falke-Die Fledermaus), was born in NYC.
1930 Apr 14, Philip Barry's "Hotel Universe," premiered in NYC.
1930 May 4, Roberta Peters, operatic soprano (NY Met), was born in NYC.
1930 May 11, Stanley Elkin, author (George Mills), was born in Brooklyn, NY.
(HN, 5/11/02)(MC, 5/11/02)
1930 Jun 7, NY Times agrees to capitalize the n in "Negro."
1930 Jul 13, David Sarnoff reported in NY Times that "TV would be a theater in every home."
1930 Aug 3, James Komack, writer, director, actor (Courtship of Eddie's Father), was born in NYC.
1930 Aug 4, Michael Cullen introduced King Kullen in Queens, NYC, the 1st US supermarket.
(SFC, 8/4/05, p.C1)
1930 Aug 6, In NYC state Supreme Court Judge Joseph Force Crater (b.1889) dined at a West 45th Street steakhouse with a group of friends that included a showgirl. Crater had earlier withdrawn $5,150 from a pair of bank accounts. He was last seen at 9:15 p.m., climbing into the cab. Crater had been recently appointed by Gov. Franklin Roosevelt to the NY Supreme Court. In 2004 Richard J. Tofel authored “Vanishing Point,” an account of Tammany Hall and Crater’s disappearance. The 1947 film “The Judge Steps Out,” starring Alexander Knox, was inspired by the case. Evidence in 2005 suggested that several men killed the judge and buried him under the Coney Island Boardwalk in Brooklyn. [see Sep 1]
(WSJ, 9/9/04, p.D8)(www.who2.com/judgecrater.html)(http://tinyurl.com/devrl)
1930 Sep 1, NY World reported the disappearance of Supreme Court Justice Joseph Crater. He was last seen leaving a restaurant on August 6, 1930 and entering a taxi. Crater was officially declared dead “in abstentia” in 1939, and his case, Missing Persons File No 13595, was officially closed in 1979.
1930 Sep 8, NYC public schools began teaching Hebrew.
1930 Sep 24, G. Kaufman & M. Hart's "Once in a Lifetime," premiered in NY.
1930 Oct 14, Singer Ethel Merman stuns the audience when she held a high C for sixteen bars while singing "I Got Rhythm" during her Broadway debut in Gershwin's Girl Crazy.
1930 Oct 17, Jimmy Breslin, columnist and novelist (NY Post, News, Newsday), was born in Queens, NYC.
(HN, 10/17/00)(MC, 10/17/01)
1930 Nov 17, Musical "Sweet & Low" with Fanny Brice premiered in NYC.
1930 Nov 18, The musical "Smiles" with Bob Hope and Fred Astaire premiered in NYC.
1930 Dec 8, Cole Porter's musical "NYCers," premiered in NYC.
1930 Dec 9, Buck Henry, screenwriter and comedian (SNL, Get Smart), was born in NYC.
1930 The Chrysler Building, designed by William van Alen, was completed.
(SFC, 7/7/98, p.B3)(WSJ, 5/6/99, p.A24)
1930 The McGraw-Hill Building on 42nd St., designed by Raymond Hood, was completed.
(WSJ, 5/6/99, p.A24)
1930 The last farm in NYC, at Broadway and 213th Street, disappeared.
(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R43)
1930s Abraham Bluestein (d.1997), editor, reporter and self-proclaimed anarchist, edited the Vanguard and The Challenger.
1931 Jan 6, Edgar Laurence Doctorow (E.L. Doctorow), novelist (World's Fair, Ragtime), was born in NYC.
1931 Feb 7, US opera, "Peter Ibbetson," by Deems Taylor premiered at Met Opera NYC.
1931 Feb 14, Vic Morrow, actor (Combat, Roots, Twilight Zone the Movie), was born in Bronx, NY.
1931 Apr 1, In NYC the Empire State Building opened a month ahead of schedule. A dirigible mast established the height at 1,250 feet above street level.
(ON, 12/08, p.12)
1931 Apr 26, New York Yankee Lou Gehrig hit a home run but was called out for passing a runner, the mistake ultimately cost him the home run crown.
1931 May 1, New York City's 102-story Empire State Building was dedicated. A 3,000 man construction crew completed the building in one year and 45 days. It was designed by the firm Shreve, Lamb and Harmon and financed by John J. Raskob, a former GM executive.
(SFC, 2/24/96, p.A13)(AP, 5/1/97)(HT, 5/97, p.26)(AP, 5/1/08)
1931 Jun 23, Wiley Post and Harold Gatty flew in a single-engine plane, the Winnie Mae, from New York on a round-the-world flight and returned to New York on July 1 after 8 days, 15 hrs, and 51 min., a new world record.
(AP, 6/23/97)(ON, 12/03, p.10)(NPub, 2002, p.12)
1931 Jul 11, Tab Hunter, actor, was born in NYC, the son of Charles Kelm and Gertrude Gelien. In 2005 he authored “Tab Hunter Confidential,” co-written with Eddie Muller.
(www.filmbug.com/db/279434)(SFC, 11/7/05, p.C3)
1931 Aug 21, Babe Ruth hit his 600th HR as the Yanks beat Browns 11-7.
1931 Sep 17, The 1st LP record was demonstrated by RCA Victor in NYC. The venture failed.
1931 Oct 3, The comic strip Dick Tracy first appeared in the New York News. [see Oct 4]
1931 Oct 4, The comic strip "Dick Tracy," created by Chester Gould, made its debut. [see Oct 3]
1931 Oct 24, The George Washington Bridge, connecting New York and New Jersey, was officially dedicated. It opened to traffic the next day.
1931 Oct 25, The George Washington Bridge, linking New York City and New Jersey, opened to traffic. It was completed at a cost of $59 million and 12 lives. The US Post Office featured a commemorative stamp. It was described as the most beautiful bridge in the world.
(http://www.nycroads.com/crossings/george-washington/)(SFC, 9/3/98, p.A19)
1931 Oct 26, Eugene O'Neill's "Mourning Becomes Electra," premiered in NYC. He adopted the Aeschylus "Oresteia" trilogy to a New England family, the Mannons, in the days just after the American Civil War. The three parts were called "Homecoming," "The Hunted" and "The Haunted."
(WSJ, 5/16/97, p.A16)(SFEC, 5/30/99, DB p.37)(MC, 10/26/01)
1931 Dec 25, New York's Metropolitan Opera broadcast an entire opera over radio for the first time: "Hansel und Gretel" by Engelbert Humperdinck.
1931 Dec 26, The Pulitzer Prize-winning musical play "Of Thee I Sing" opened on Broadway.
1931 Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney (d.1942) founded the Whitney Museum in her New York Greenwich Village townhouse. In 2000 Flora Miller Biddle authored "The Whitney Women and the Museum They Made."
(WSJ, 4/10/00, p.A44)
1931 Nicholas Murray Butler (1862-1947), presidential advisor and president of Columbia Univ. (1902-1945), won the Nobel Peace Prize for his work on behalf of the Briand Kellogg Pact (1929), a treaty that denounced war as an instrument of national policy. In 2006 Michael Rosenthal authored “Nicholas Miraculous,” a biography Butler.
(SSFC, 8/15/04, p.D11)(WSJ, 1/25/06, p.D10)
1931 A NYC gangland war ended with the assassinations of warring gang leaders Salvatore Maranzano and Joseph Masseria. Lucky Luciano took over the Masseria organization and Joseph Bonanno (d.2002), age 26, took over the Maranzano operations. Luciano organized a "Commision" to resolve internal mob disputes.
(SSFC, 5/12/02, p.A23)
1931 NYC mobster Frank Costello by this time was raking in $25 million from his 25,000 slot machines.
(Econ, 7/10/10, SR p.10)
1931 Frederick August Otto Schwartz (FAO Schwartz) moved to uptown NYC to its flagship Fifth Avenue store. In 1986 it moved across the street.
(WSJ, 11/21/03, p.B1)
1932 Jan 12, Philip Barry's "Animal Kingdom," premiered in NYC.
1932 Feb 17, Irving Berlin's musical "Face the Music," premiered in NYC.
1932 Apr 2, Aviator Charles A. Lindbergh and Dr. John F. Condon turned over $50,000 in ransom to an unidentified man in a New York City cemetery in the Bronx, in exchange for Lindbergh's kidnapped son. The infant, however, was not returned, and was found dead the following month.
(AP, 4/2/97)(HN, 4/2/98)
1932 Apr 4, George Bernard Shaw's "Too True to be Good," premiered in NYC.
1932 May 14, There was a "We Want Beer!" parade in NY.
1932 Jun 15, Mario M. Cuomo, (Gov-D-NY, 1982-94), was born in NYC.
1932 Jul 9, The Dow Jones Industrial Average closed at 41.63, down 91% from its level exactly 3 years earlier. Trading volume for the day was 235,000 shares.
(WSJ, 10/11/08, p.W1)
1932 Sep 1, New York City Mayor James "Gentleman Jimmy" Walker resigned following charges of graft and corruption in his administration.
1932 Sep 9, The steamboat SS Observation exploded in NYC East River and 71 were killed.
1932 Sep 10, The Independent City Owned Rapid Transit Railroad (IND) opened in NYC.
1932 Oct 22, George Kaufman's and Edna Ferber's "Dinner at 8," premiered in NYC.
1932 Oct 2, The NY Yankees won the World Series against the Chicago Cubs in 4 games.
1932 Nov 22, Robert Vaughn, actor (Napolean Solo- Man from UNCLE, Hamlet, Superman), was born in NYC.
1932 Nov 29, Cole Porter's musical "Gay Divorcee," premiered in NYC.
1932 Dec 27, Radio City Music Hall was opened in New York City. The new acoustics proved unpopular. In 2002 Emily Thompson authored "The Soundscape of Modernity," a look at the early era of modern acoustics.
(HFA, '96, p.44)(AP, 12/27/97)(WSJ, 4/24/02, p.D9)
1932 Walter Duranty of the NY Times won a Pulitzer Prize for his series on the Soviet Union. In 2003 a historian argued that the prize should be revoked due to Duranty's deliberate failure to cover the forced famine in the Ukraine that killed millions of people.
(SFC, 10/23/03, p.A3)
1933 Jan 8, Charles Osgood, news anchor (CBS Weekend News), was born in NYC.
1933 Feb 10, The first singing telegram was introduced by the Postal Telegram Company in New York.
1933 Mar 3, NYC premiere of "King Kong."
1933 Mar 27, Some 55,000 people staged a protest against Hitler in New York.
1933 May 20, Danny Aiello, actor (Moonstruck, Do the Right Thing), was born in NYC.
1933 Jun 29, Roscoe "Fatty" Arbuckle (46), US actor (Keystone comedies), died at the Park Central Hotel in NYC.
(www.2020site.org/fattyarbuckle/bio.html)(SSFC, 6/29/08, DB p.58)
1933 Oct 2, Eugene O'Neill's comedy "Ah, Wilderness," premiered in NYC.
1933 Dec 4, Jack Kirkland's "Tobacco Road," premiered in NYC.
1933 Dec 17, In the first world championship football game, the Chicago Bears defeated the New York Giants, 23-21, at Wrigley Field.
1934 Jan 17, Shari Lewis, ventriloquist, puppeteer (Lamb Chop), was born in Bronx, NY.
1934 Feb 16, Thousands of Socialists battled Communists at a rally in New York’s Madison Square Garden.
1934 Feb 20, The opera "Four Saints in Three Acts" by Gertrude Stein and Virgil Thomson premiered and became the longest running opera in Broadway history. It was centered on St. Teresa of Avila and St. Ignatius and ran to 4 acts that included 30 saints. It has been called "a surrealist American folk opera." In 1997 Anthony Tommasini wrote Virgil’s biography: "Virgil Thompson: Composer on the Aisle." In 1999 Steven Watson authored "Prepare for Saints: Gertrude Stein, Virgil Thomson, and the Mainstreaming of American Modernism.
(WSJ, 2/1/96, p.A-16)(WSJ, 7/16/96, p.A9)(BS, 5/3/98, p.13E)(WSJ, 3/10/99, p.A20)(SFEC, 3/28/99, BR p.2)(MC, 2/20/02)
1934 Mar 17, Thousands of blacks battled the police in New York in protest of the Scottsboro trial.
1934 Mar 26, Alan Arkin, actor (Catch 22, In-Laws, Simon, Wait Until Dark), was born in NYC.
1934 Aug 27, Arlen, Ira Gershwin & Harburg musical premiered in NYC.
1934 Sep 9, G. Kaufman and M. Hart's "Merrily We Roll Along," premiered in NYC.
1934 Sep 19, Bruno Hauptmann was arrested in New York and charged with the kidnap-murder of the Lindbergh infant.
1934 Sep 24, 2500 fans saw Babe Ruth's farewell Yankee appearance at Yankee Stadium. The Yankees lost to the Boston Red Sox, 5-0.
1934 Nov 20, Lillian Hellman's "Children's Hour," premiered in NYC.
1934 Nov 21, The Cole Porter musical “Anything Goes,” starring Ethel Merman as Reno Sweeney, premiered at New York's Alvin Theatre.
(HN, 11/21/00)(AP, 11/21/04)
1934 Larry King, talk show host, was born in Brooklyn as Lawrence Harvey Zeigler to Russian-Jewish immigrants.
(WT-NWA, 7/01, p.43)
1934 Lena Horne (1917-2010) made her Broadway debut in “Dance With Your Gods.”
(SFC, 5/10/10, p.C4)
1934 John's Pizzeria on Bleecker opened.
(SFEC, 7/4/99, p.T4)
1934 The Tavern on the Green opened.
(SFEC, 7/4/99, p.T4)
1934 John Astor lured Fernand "Pete" Petiot to the St. Regis in NYC. Petiot had invented the Bloody Mary (vodka and tomato juice) at Harry’s NY Bar in Paris in the 1920s. The name was changed to the Red Snapper for a decade and then back to Bloody Mary.
(SFC, 1/19/02, p.D4)
1935 Feb 26, New York Yankees released Babe Ruth. He signed with Boston Braves.
1935 Mar 7, In an effort to reduce street noise, the city of New York revoked the licenses of all organ grinders .
1935 Mar 19, Renee Taylor, actress (Jack Paar Show, Mary Hartman, Nanny), was born in NYC.
1935 Apr 8, Adolph Ochs (b.1858), publisher of the New York Times, died.
1935 Jun 3, The French liner Normandie set a record on its maiden voyage, arriving in New York after crossing the Atlantic in just four days, 11 hours and 42 minutes.
1935 Jul 2, Gilbert Kalish, pianist, professor (SUNY Stony Brook), was born in Brooklyn, NY.
1935 Jul 17, Diahann Carroll, actress, was born in NYC, as Carol Diann Johnson.
1935 Jul 26, Bill Bailey (1910-1995) and several seamen boarded the German passenger ship Bremen in New York harbor and ripped the Nazi flag from its mast before a crowd of some 5,000 people. The group battled 100 detectives, 150 uniformed police and 25 mounted police and members of the ship’s crew to get to the flag.
1935 Sep 11, Charles Norris (b.1868), former NYC chief medical examiner and forensic pioneer, died. He and toxicologist Thomas A. Gonzales (1878-1956) were instrumental in developing forensics as an extension of clinical medicine in which information derived from study of the dead was applied to benefit the living. Their combined efforts between 1918 and 1954 represent the epitome of the application of scientific expertise to medicolegal investigation of deaths in America. In 2010 Deborah Blum authored “The Poisoner’s Handbook: Murder and the Birth of Forensic Medicine in Jazz Age New York.”
(http://tinyurl.com/yz82jfc)(SSFC, 3/21/10, p.F7)
1935 Sep 25, Maxwell Anderson's "Winterset," premiered in NYC.
1935 Oct 10, "Porgy and Bess" debuted at the Alvin Theater on Broadway in New York City. George Gershwin composed the music based on a 1925 novel by Dubose Heyward.
(SFEM, 10/5/97, p.4)(AP, 10/10/97)
1935 Oct 20, Jerry Ohrbach, actor (Law & Order, Dirty Dancing), was born in Bronx, NYC.
1935 Nov 16, Richard Rodgers' and Lorenz Hart's musical "Jumbo," premiered NYC.
1935 A NYC work crew shoveling snow into a manhole discovered a large alligator inside and beat the reptile to death.
(SSFC, 3/6/05, p.M5)
1935-1945 Arthur Fellig, a photographer known as Weegee, roamed New York City and shot the underbelly of the city. A 1997 book: "Weegee’s World" shows his work.
(WSJ, 12/4/97, p.A20)
1936 Jan 28, Alan Alda, [Alphonso D'Abruzzo], actor (Hawkeye Pierce-M*A*S*H), was born in NYC.
1936 Apr 11, Rodgers' & Hammerstein's musical "On Your Toes," premiered in NYC.
1936 May 2, Michael Rabin, violinist (In Memorium), was born in NYC.
1936 May 3, Joe DiMaggio made his major-league debut as NY Yankee and got 3 hits.
1936 May 14, Bobby Darin (d.1973), singer (Mack the Knife), was born in the Bronx as Walden Robert Cassotto.
1936 May 27, Louis Gossett Jr., actor (Officer & Gentleman, Deep), was born in Brooklyn, NY.
1936 May 29, Arlene McQuade, actress (Rosalie-Goldbergs), was born in NYC.
1936 Jul 9, David Joel Zinman, composer, conductor (Balt Symphony-1983), was born in NYC.
1936 Jul 11, Triborough Bridge linking Manhattan, the Bronx and Queens opened.
1936 Jul 25, The 115 acre Orchard Beach opened in the Bronx.
1936 Nov 24, Noel Coward's "Tonight at 8:30," premiered in NYC.
1936 Dec 22, Hector Elizondo, actor (American Gigolo, Young Doctors in Love), was born in NYC.
1936 Aaron Douglas, a Harlem Renaissance painter, created his work "Into Bondage."
(SFC, 1/16/98, p.D1)
1936 Joe DiMaggio (21) began playing center field for the New York Yankees. He played with the Yankees until his retirement in 1951.
(WSJ, 3/9/99, p.A1)(HNQ, 9/25/00)
1936 The New York Yankees defeated the NY Giants for the baseball World Series pennant.
(SFC, 10/19/00, p.A14)
1937 Apr 5, Colin Powell, American Army general and assistant to the president, was born in Bronx New York.
(HFA, '96, p.28)(HN, 5/5/97)
1937 Apr 8, Seymour Hersh, award winning investigative reporter (NY Times), was born.
1937 Apr 28, The 1st animated cartoon electric sign was displayed in NYC.
1937 May 12, George Carlin (d.2002), comedian, was born in the Bronx.
1937 May 13, Judith Somogi, conductor, was born in NYC.
1937 Jul 28, Peter Duchin, pianist, bandleader (Peter Duchin Orch), was born in NYC.
1937 Nov 4, The Clifford Odets play "Golden Boy" opened at the Belasco Theatre in NYC.
(WSJ, 12/6/95, p.A-18)(www.ibdb.com/production.php?id=12308)
1937 Nov 23, John Steinbeck's "Of Mice & Men," premiered in NYC.
1937 Dec 21, Jane Fonda, actress (Barbarella, Klute), physical fitness fanatic, Vietnam Protestor, was born in NYC.
1937 Dec 22, The NYC Lincoln Tunnel opened to traffic.
(SFEC, 7/4/99, p.T4)(MC, 12/22/01)
1937 Dec 29, Mary Tyler Moore, actress (Mary Tyler Moore, Ordinary People), was born in Brooklyn.
1937 The New York Yankees defeated the NY Giants for the baseball World Series pennant.
(SFC, 10/19/00, p.A14)
1937 NYC handed out 11,787 taxicab licenses at $10 each. No more were handed out until 1996, when another 400 were sold.
(Econ, 4/24/04, p.30)
1938 Jan 6, Bronze memorial statue of Henry Hudson was erected in Bronx.
1938 Jan 16, The Benny Goodman Carnegie Hall Jazz Concert featured an outstanding solo by saxophonist Lester Young. Goodman performed at Carnegie Hall along with Count Basie, Harry James, Lester Young, Gene Krupa, Johnny Hodges, Lionel Hampton and 17 others. The concert was recorded and in 2000 Columbia issued a remastered edition of the performance.
(WSJ, 8/29/96, A11)(WSJ, 1/12/00, p.A20)
1938 Feb 4, The Thornton Wilder play "Our Town" opened on Broadway.
1938 May 22, Richard Benjamin, director, actor (Goodbye Columbus, He & She), was born in NYC.
1938 May 31, Peter Yarrow, (Peter, Paul & Mary-Puff the Magic Dragon), was born in NYC.
1938 Jun 22, Heavyweight boxing champion Joe Louis knocked out Max Schmeling in the first round of their heavyweight rematch at New York City's Yankee Stadium.
(AP, 6/22/97)(HN, 6/22/98)
1938 Jul 10, Howard Hughes and the "Yankee Clipper" began the 1st passenger flight around the world flight from NYC. [see Jul 14]
1938 Jul 14, Howard Hughes landed at Floyd Bennet Field in NY with a crew of four after flying around the world in 3 days, 19 hours, and 17 min., a new record.
(Hem., 2/96, p.44)
1938 Jul 19, Richard Jordan, actor (Dune, Old Boyfriends, Gettysburg), was born in NYC.
1938 Aug 3, George Memmoli, actor (Earl-Hello Larry), was born in NYC.
1938 Sep 1, Alan Dershowitz, attorney (Claus Von Bulow, OJ Simpson), was born in NYC.
1938 Sep 23, A time capsule, to be opened in the year 6939, was buried on the grounds of the World's Fair in New York City. The capsule contained a woman's hat, man's pipe & 1,100' of microfilm. [see Apr 30, 1939] Westinghouse coined the term "time capsule" when it buried a torpedo shaped vessel at the 1939 NY fair.
(AP, 9/23/98)(SFEC, 1/2/00, p.D4)(MC, 9/23/01)
1938 Oct 8, G. Kaufman & Moss Hart's "Fabulous Invalid," premiered in NYC.
1938 Oct 15, Robert Sherwood's "Abe Lincoln in Illinois," premiered in NYC.
1938 Oct 22, Chester Carlson and Otto Kornei performed the 1st successful test of their photocopier at Astoria, Queens, NYC. They used powdered ink and an electrical charge to create the first photocopy. The reproduced page said: "10-28-38 Astoria." Carlson tried to sell the machine to IBM, RCA, Kodak and others, but they were not impressed.
(HN, 10/22/00)(ON, 11/04, p.7)
1938 Nov 11, Mary Mallon, also known as “Typhoid Mary,” died of a stroke on North Brother Island. She had been quarantined there since 1915 after spreading typhus for years while working as a cook in the New York area.
(AH, 2/06, p.26)
1938 Nov 24,Clifford Odets' "Rocket to the Moon," premiered in NYC.
1938 Dec 7, Philip Barry's "Here Come the Clowns," premiered in NYC.
1938 Dec 30, Joseph Bologna, actor (Citizen Cohn, My Favorite Year), was born in Brooklyn, NY.
1938 Dec, In NYC Barney Josephson (1902-1988), a former shoe salesman, opened Café Society at 2 Sheridan Square, as a European style cabaret. ''The wrong place for the right people'' was its slogan. In 1940 he opened an uptown branch on East 58th Street. By 1950 both versions were gone. In 2009 Terry Trilling Josephson, his 4th wife, published his memoir “Café Society: The Wrong Place for the Right People,” based on taped interviews.
(WSJ, 4/6/09, p.A13)(http://tinyurl.com/dbhdjw)
1938 Lucienne Block (d.1999 at 90) created her wall mural "The Evolution of Music" in NYC. She was the daughter of composer Ernest Bloch and apprenticed under muralist Diego Rivera.
(SFC, 3/25/99, p.C3)
1938 Gabriel Almond (d.2002), political scientist, titled his dissertation "Plutocracy and Politics in New York City." It was published in 1998.
(SSFC, 1/5/03, p.A27)
1938 The musical "Great Lady" was choreographed by George Balanchine and featured Jerome Robbins (d.1998 at 79) in his first Broadway performance.
(SFC, 7/30/98, p.A10)
1938 The Cloisters, a branch of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, opened in Upper Manhattan. It was made possible by a grant from John D. Rockefeller Jr.
1938 NY Times publisher A.H. Sulzberger urged Pres. Roosevelt not to name a Jew to the Supreme Court for fear of exacerbating anti-Semitism.
(WSJ, 5/26/04, p.A8)
1938 Topps was founded as a tobacco and gum wholesaler by the 4 Shorin brothers in Brooklyn. Its first bubble gum cards, Hocus Pocus magic Photos, came out in 1948. Topps baseball cards were introduced in 1951.
(WSJ, 7/8/06, p.A5)
1938 Hans G. Knoll, Germany immigrant, founded the Knoll furniture company in NYC. In 2010 Brian Lutz authored “”Knoll: A Modernist Universe.”
(SSFC, 7/11/10, p.L1)
1939 Jan 6, Alfred Lion recorded his first Blue Note session with boogie-woogie and blues pianists Albert Ammons and Meade Lux Lewis. He had just founded the jazz label in New York. He was later joined by his Berlin friend and photographer Francis Wolff.
(WSJ, 10/3/97, p.A8)(WSJ, 1/15/98, p.W10)
1939 Jan 13, Jacob Ruppert, CEO of the NY Yankees (1915-39), died.
1939 Jan 21, Wolfman Jack, DJ (Midnight Special), was born in Brooklyn, NY as Bob Smith.
1939 Jan 25, The cyclotron of Nebraska-born nuclear physicist John R. (Ray) Dunning (31) produced nuclear fission for the first time in America in Room 128 of Columbia University's Pupin Physics Laboratory. Eugene T. Booth was a member of the experimental team which conducted the first nuclear fission experiment in the US; the other members of the team were Herbert L. Anderson, John R. Dunning, Enrico Fermi, G. Norris Glasoe, and Francis G. Slack.
1939 Feb 15, Lillian Hellman's "Little Foxes," premiered in NYC.
1939 Mar 28, Philip Barry's "Philadelphia Story," premiered in NYC.
1939 Apr 17, S.N. Behrman's "No Time for Comedy," premiered in NYC.
1939 Apr 29, Whitestone Bridge, connecting Bronx and Queens, opened.
1939 Apr 30, The New York World’s Fair, billed as a look at "the world of tomorrow," officially opened. NY Mayor Fiorello LaGuardia mandated that the city's nude dancers cover up during the fair. The cover-up evolved into the G-string and later the thong. The General Motors exhibit was titled Futurama. Philo T. Farnsworth premiered his television at the fair. AT&T presented its first Picture Phone at the World's Fair. Salvador Dali created a pavilion that was called “Dream of Venus” and described as the “funny house of tomorrow.” In 2000 Miles Beller authored "Dream of Venus (Or Living Pictures): A Novel of the 1939 New York world’s Fair." National Presto Industries introduced the home pressure cooker at the fair.
(AP, 4/30/97)(WSJ, 6/7/99, p.A8)(SFEC, 4/16/00, BR p.7)(NYTBR, 2/2/03, p.20) (www.imdb.com/title/tt0149460/trivia)(WSJ, 12/27/08, p.A7)
1939 Jul 4, Baseball's "Iron Horse," Lou Gehrig (1904-1941), said farewell to 61,808 fans honoring him with a special day at New York City's Yankee Stadium. He was suffering from A.L.S. (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis), a neurodegenerative disorder that destroys the body's neuromuscular system. Many now call it Lou Gehrig's disease. He did less than two years later at the age of 37.
(SFEC, 3/30/97, Par. p.2)(AP, 7/4/97)(IB, Internet, 12/7/98)
1939 Jul 11, Yanks hosted the 7th All Star Game. McCarthy started 6 Yanks, AL won 3-1.
1939 Aug 17, The film "Wizard of Oz" opened at Loew's Capitol Theater in NYC.
1939 Aug 21, Clarence Williams III, actor (Mod Squad, 52 Pick Up, Purple Rain), was born in NYC.
1939 Oct 15, The New York Municipal Airport was dedicated. It was the largest, most advanced commercial airport in the world. Its new terminal featured innovative design that kept arriving and departing passengers separated on two levels for greater efficiency. It was also terminals adorned with Art Deco details and fine restaurants and a rooftop viewing promenade as well as many technological details that made flying safer and less expensive. On Mar 31, 1940, the new airport was rechristened LaGuardia Airport after the mayor, who had been a bomber pilot in World War I and whose interest in aviation lasted throughout his lifetime, barely a month after it opened.
1939 Oct 18, R. Rodger's & Lorenz Hart's "Too Many Girls," premiered in NYC.
1939 Oct 25, George Kaufman and Moss Hart's "Man Who Came to Dinner," premiered in NYC.
1939 Oct 25, The drama "The Time of Your Life," by William Saroyan, opened in NYC.
1939 Nov 8, The H. Lindsay and R. Crouse play "Life With Father," based on the book by Clarence Day, opened on Broadway.
(AP, 11/8/99)(MC, 11/8/01)
1939 Nov 17, Jerome Kern's and Oscar Hammerstein's "Very Warm for May," premiered in NYC.
1939 Nov 27, The play "Key Largo," by Maxwell Anderson, opened at the Ethel Barrymore Theater in New York. James Gregory made his Broadway debut.
(AP, 11/27/97)(SFC, 9/19/02, p.A24)
1939 Dec 2, New York's La Guardia Airport began operations as an airliner from Chicago landed at one minute after midnight. The North Beach Airport opened in Queens, NYC, with 2 levels for passenger circulation. It was later renamed LaGuardia.
(Hem., 5/97, p.70)(AP, 12/2/98)
1939 Dec 6, The Cole Porter musical comedy "Du Barry Was a Lady" opened on Broadway.
1939 The 92nd St. Y began having poetry readings.
(SFEC, 7/4/99, p.T4)
1939 Philip Hamburger (25), began writing his Talk of the Town section for the New Yorker Magazine. In 1999 he published "Friends Talking in the Night: Sixty Years of Writing for the New Yorker."
(SFEC, 4/4/99, BR p.5)
1939 Arthur Fellig, a photographer known as Weegee, took a group picture of thousands of sunbathers at Coney Island.
(WSJ, 3/6/02, p.A14)
1939 Billie Holiday 1st sang "Strange Fruit," a ballad about lynching in the south, at Manhattan’s Café Society. The song had been written by Abel Meeropol, a Jewish schoolteacher. In 2001 David Margolick authored "Strange Fruit: Biography of a Song."
(SFC, 3/8/02, p.D18)
1939 Lena Horne (1917-2010) performed in the Broadway revue “Lew Leslie’s Blackbirds of 1939.” The revue ran for 9 performances.
(SFC, 5/10/10, p.C4)
1939 This year’s NY Yankee baseball season was covered by Richard J. Tofel in his 2002 book "The Legend in the Making." The season culminated with a 4th consecutive World Series championship.
(WSJ, 3/14/02, p.A16)
1939 Erno Laszlo (1891-1973), Hungary immigrant, opened the Laszlo Institute on Fifth Ave in NYC. In 1927 he had opened the Laszlo Institute for Scientific Cosmetology in Budapest.
(Econ, 11/29/03, p.18)
1939 Dorothy Schiff (1903-1989) bought the New York Post at the urging of her husband, George Backer. He resigned in 1942 and she took over the paper.
(WSJ, 4/7/07, p.P10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dorothy_Schiff)
1940 Jan 26, The Museum of Modern Art in New York received works by Botticelli, Raphael and Michelangelo on loan from Italy.
1940 Feb 7, Walt Disney's 2nd feature-length movie, "Pinocchio," premiered in NYC.
1940 Feb 25, A hockey game was televised for the first time, by New York City station W2XBS, as the New York Rangers defeated the Montreal Canadiens, 6-2, at Madison Square Garden.
1940 Feb 28, The first televised college basketball games were broadcast, by New York City station W2XBS, as Pittsburgh defeated Fordham, 57-37, and New York University beat Georgetown, 50-27, at Madison Square Garden.
1940 Mar 2, The first televised intercollegiate track meet was seen by TV viewers in New York City as W2XBS presented the action live from Madison Square Garden. New York University won the meet.
(HC, Internet, 2/3/98)
1940 Mar 10, 1st US opera was telecast in NYC: "Pagliacci."
1940 Mar 31, The New York Municipal Airport, opened in October, 1939, was renamed La Guardia airport, after the mayor, who had been a bomber pilot in World War I and whose interest in aviation lasted throughout his lifetime, barely a month after it opened.
1940 Apr 4, Richard Rodgers' and Lorenz Hart's "Higher & Higher," premiered in NYC.
1940 Apr 25, Al Pacino, actor (And Justice For All, Godfather, Scorpio), was born in NYC.
1940 Apr 29, Robert Sherwood's "There Shall be No Night," premiered in NYC.
1940 May 28, Irving Berlin's musical "Louisiana Purchase," premiered in NYC.
1940 Oct 9, Otto Kallir, owner of the Galerie St. Etienne in Manhattan, opened a show featuring the art work of Anna Mary Moses (77). A reported embellished her name as Grandma Moses. Three paintings of 34, priced from $20-250, were sold. Her popularioty rose rapidly following a Thanksgiving show at Gimbels department store.
(ON, 8/20/11, p.11)
1940 Oct 15, Charles Chaplin's first all-talking comedy, "The Great Dictator," a lampoon of Adolf Hitler, opened at two theaters in New York with Chaplin and his wife, co-star Paulette Goddard, making appearances in both locations.
1940 Oct 18, Kaufman's & Harts "George Washington Slept Here," premiered in NYC.
1940 Oct 25, The musical play “Cabin in the Sky” opened with an all black cast at the Martin Beck Theater on Broadway. It featured Katherine Dunham (1909-2006) and her dance troupe.
1940 Oct 26, Mario Orosco, the 1st victim of NYC's Zodiac killer (survives), was born.
1940 Oct 27, The 1939 New York World’s Fair officially closed. In 2010 James Mauro authored “Twilight at the world of tomorrow: Genius, Madness, Murder, and the 1939 World’s Fair on the Brink of War.”
1940 Oct 30, Cole Porter musical "Panama Hattie," premiered in NYC.
1940 Nov 15, NY Midtown tunnel linking Manhattan and Queens opened to traffic.
1940 Dec 26, J.A. Fields' and J. Chodorov's "My Sister Eileen," premiered in NYC.
1940 The blues opera "De Organizer," written by Langston Hughes and James P. Johnson, was performed in NYC.
(SFC, 12/30/02, p.D3)
1940 The Afro-Cubans Latin jazz band, formed by Mario Bauza and Frank Grillo, a vocalist known as Machito, made its debut bear Spanish Harlem.
(SFEC, 9/19/99, DB p.39)
1940s The 3,000-acre Fresh Kills Landfill opened on Staten Island. It closed in 2001 but was reopened in Sept. to hold the remains of the World Trade Center.
(WSJ, 9/28/01, p.A1)
1940-1948 The daily left-leaning PM newspaper was published over this period. Theodor Seuss Geisel drew cartoons for the paper from 1941-1943.
(WSJ, 8/16/99, p.B9F)
1940-1954 Virgil Thomson worked as the music critic for the New York Herald-Tribune.
(WSJ, 6/16/97, p.10)
1941 Jan 21, Richie Havens, folk singer (Here Comes the Sun), was born in Brooklyn.
1941 Jan 24, Neil Diamond, singer, actor (Jazz Singer), was born in Brooklyn, NY.
1941 Apr 1, Lillian Hellman's "Watch on the Rhine," premiered in NYC.
1941 Apr 1, The first contract for advertising on a commercial FM radio station began on W71NY in New York City.
1941 Apr 20, Joni Evans, publisher of Simon & Schuster, Random House, was born in NYC.
1941 May 1, The motion picture "Citizen Kane," directed and starring Orson Welles (24), premiered in New York. Randolph Hearst attempted to bury the film by banning all advertising in his newspapers. One in five Americans read a Hearst paper at this time. Citizen Kane won an Academy Award. A PBS special from the American Experience covered the story in 1996. His biography, "Rosebud: The Story of Orson Welles" by David Thompson, was published in 1996.
(WSJ, 1/25/96, p.A-16)(TMC, 1994, p.1941)(SFC, 6/9/96, BR p.15)
1941 May 15, Lainie Kazan, singer, actress (Lust in the Dust, Beaches), was born in Brooklyn.
1941 May 15, Joe DiMaggio started his 56-game hitting streak. The Yanks lost 13-1. In 2011 Kostya Kennedy authored “56: Joe DiMaggio and the Last Magic Number in Sports.”
1941 Jul 17, The longest hitting streak in baseball history ended when the Cleveland Indians pitchers held NY Yankee Joe DiMaggio, the Yankee Clipper, hitless for the first time in 57 games. His hitting streak ended with 56 games.
(www.baseball-almanac.com/feats/feats3.shtml)(SFC, 3/9/99, p.A10)
1941 Aug 11, Elizabeth Holtzman, DA (D-Rep-NY, Watergate Committee), was born in Brooklyn.
1941 Aug 12, Jennifer Warren, actress (Slap Shot, Fatal Beauty, Mutant), was born in NYC.
1941 Sep 10, Stephen Jay Gould (d.2002), biologist, paleontologist and writer, was born in NYC. His books included “Time’s Cycle” and “The Panda’s Thumb.”
(HN, 9/10/00)(SFC, 5/21/02, p.A6)
1941 Dec 6, NYC Council agreed to build Idlewild (Kennedy) Airport in Queens.
1941 The New York Yankees defeated the Brooklyn Dodgers for the baseball World Series pennant.
(SFC, 10/19/00, p.A14)
1942 Jan 6, The Pan American Airways "Pacific Clipper" arrived in New York under Captain Robert Ford. He flew west from New Zealand to avoid Japanese attacks and became the first commercial pilot to make a round-the-world trip. The Pacific Clipper was known as a "flying boat." This flight was 31,500 miles and took 209 hours to complete.
1942 Jan 21, Count Basie and His Orchestra recorded "One O'Clock Jump" in New York City for Okeh Records.
1942 Jan 21, A Bronx magistrate ruled all pinball machines illegal.
1942 Feb 9, The former French cruise ship Normandie, launched in 1935, burned in New York Harbor during its conversion to an Allied trip transport ship. It was once regarded as most elegant ocean liner ever built. In 1947 it was cut up for scrap. In 2007 John Maxtone-Graham authored “Normandie.”
(AP, 2/10/97)(WSJ, 12/8/07, p.W13)
1942 Feb 10, The former French liner Normandie capsized in New York Harbor a day after it caught fire while being refitted for the U.S. Navy.
1942 Mar 26, Erica Jong [Mann], poet, novelist (Fear of Flying, How to Save Your Own Life), was born in NYC.
(HN, 3/26/01)(SS, 3/26/02)
1942 Apr 24, Barbra Streisand, singer, actress, was born in Brooklyn, NY.
1942 May 18, New York ended night baseball games for the rest of World War II.
1942 May 29, Kevin Conway, actor (Flash Point, Cage of Angels), was born in NYC.
1942 Jul 4, Irving Berlin’s musical review "This Is the Army" opened at the Broadway Theater in New York.
1942 Oct 7, Maxwell Anderson's "Eve of St Mark," premiered in NYC.
1942 Oct 16, The ballet "Rodeo," with music by Aaron Copland and choreography by Agnes de Mille, premiered at New York's Metropolitan Opera House.
1942 Nov 18, Thornton Wilder's "Skin of our Teeth," premiered in NYC.
1942 Nov 19, Calvin Klein, fashion designer (Calvin Klein Jeans, CK), was born in Bronx, NYC.
1942 Dec 7, Harry Chapin, rock vocalist (Taxi, Cat's in the Cradle), was born in NYC.
1942 Dec 30, Five thousand screaming girls shouted "Frankie! Frankie!" when Sinatra appeared with Benny Goodman’s band at New York’s Paramount Theater.
(SFC, 5/16/98, p.A13)
1942 Joseph A. Faurot (70), former NYC detective, died. He introduced fingerprint technology from London to NYC and the rest of the US.
(ON, 4/04, p.11)
1943 Feb 28, "Porgy & Bess" opened on Broadway with Anne Brown & Todd Duncan.
1943 Mar 3, F. Ryerson and Cohn Claues' "Harriet" premiered in New York NY.
1943 Mar 31, The Rodgers and Hammerstein musical "Oklahoma!" opened at the St. James Theatre on Broadway. Celeste Holm sang the show-stopping number “I Cain’t Say No.” Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein hired Agnes de Mille for the choreography. The original is only on documentary videotape and the 1954 film was a "bloated mess."
(TMC, 1994, p.1943)(WSJ, 2/5/96, p.A-16)(AP, 3/30/97)(SFC, 7/16/12, p.C4)
1943 May 25, Leslie Uggams, singer, actress (Leslie Uggams Show, Roots), was born in NYC.
1943 Jun 13, German spies landed on Long Island, New York, and were soon captured.
1943 Jul 4, Geraldo Rivera, TV talkshow host, was born in New York City. He became known for his non-conformity in the subjects he approached.
(IB, Internet, 12/7/98)
1943 Jul 25, Janet Margolin, actress (Take the Money & Run, David & Lisa), was born in NYC.
1943 Aug 1, Race-related rioting erupted in New York City's Harlem section, resulting in several deaths.
1943 Oct 7, Weill's, Perelman's and Nash's musical "One Touch of Venus," premiered in NYC.
1943 Nov 14, Leonard Bernstein, the 25-year-old assistant conductor of the New York Philharmonic, made his debut with the orchestra as he filled in for the ailing Bruno Walter during a nationally broadcast concert.
1943 Dec 2, "Carmen Jones," a contemporary reworking of the Bizet opera "Carmen" by Oscar Hammerstein II with an all-black cast, opened on Broadway.
1943 Dec 8, John Van Druten's "Voice of the Turtle," premiered in NYC.
1943 Dec 19, William De Vries, surgeon-inventor (Symbion artificial heart), was born in Brooklyn.
1943 Dec 31, NYC's Times Square greeted Frank Sinatra at the Paramount Theater.
1944 Apr 3, Tony Orlando, singer (& Dawn-Tie a Yellow Ribbon), was born in NYC.
1944 Apr 12, Lillian Hellman's "Searching Wind," premiered in NYC.
1944 Apr 18, The ballet "Fancy Free," with music by Leonard Bernstein premiered in NYC.
1944 Apr 30, Jill Clayburgh, actress (Unmarried Woman, Semi-Tough), was born in NYC.
1944 May 3, "Meet Me in St Louis" opened on Broadway.
1944 May 14, The Latin trio Los Panchos made its debut in NYC with Alfredo Gil (d.1999 at 84), Jesus Navarro (Chucho), and Hernando Aviles.
(SFC, 9/17/99, p.D8)
1944 Jun 11, The 1st Serbian Orthodox cathedral in US, Cathedral of St Sava, was established in NYC.
1944 Jun 17, Bill Rafferty, comedian (Laugh-In, Real People), was born in Queens, NY.
1944 Aug 9, Smokey Bear debuted as spokesman for fire prevention. The image of "Smokey the Bear" was created by an artist as the official forest-fire spokesbear. He was named in 1945 reportedly in honor of Smokey Joe Martin, asst. chief of the New York City Fire Dept. A real bear from a 1950 New Mexico fire was pressed into service and lived until 1976 at the Washington National Zoo. [see 1945]
(SFEC, 6/22/97, p.T6)(ON, 4/03, p.9)
1944 Aug 13, In NYC Lucien Carr stabbed to death David Kammerer following sexual advances by Kammerer, who had been Carr's Boy Scout Scoutmaster during his youth. Carr turned himself in and was later sentenced to 20 years, but served only 2 years in prison at Elmira Correctional Facility in upstate, NY. Lucien Carr later introduced Allen Ginsberg, Jack Kerouac and William Burroughs to each other.
1944 Aug 20, "Anna Lucasta," opened on Broadway.
1944 Oct 19, The play "I Remember Mama," by John van Druten, opened at the Music Box Theater on Broadway.
1944 Nov 1, "Harvey," a comedy by Mary Chase about a man and his invisible friend, a 6-foot-tall rabbit, opened on Broadway.
1944 Nov, "The Man Who Had All the Luck," the 1st commercial production by Arthur Miller, closed after 4 performances.
(WSJ, 5/8/02, p.AD9)
1944 The Philip Yordan (d.2003) play "Anna Lucasta," 1st produced by the American Negro Theater in Harlem, moved to Broadway. A film version with an all-white cast was made in 1949. Another with an all-black cast was made in 1958.
(SSFC, 4/6/03, p.A23)
1944 Adam Clayton Powell (1908-1972) was elected as a Democrat to the US House of Representatives, representing the 22nd congressional district, which included Harlem. He was the first black Congressman from New York, and the first from any Northern state other than Illinois in the Post-Reconstruction Era.
1944 Allen Ginsberg and Jack Kerouac met on the campus of Columbia Univ. in NYC. In 2010 Bill Morgan and David Stanford published the edited letters of Ginsberg and Kerouac. Bill Morgan authored “The Typewriter Is Holy: The Complete, Uncensored History of the Beat Generation.”
(SSFC, 7/18/10, p.F12)
1944 Some 1.4 million people gathered in Central Park to celebrate "I am an American Day."
(NG, 5/93, p.23)
1945 Jan 21, Andrew Stein, pres of NYC council (D), was born.
1945 Feb 14, Gregory Hines, actor, dancer (White Nights, Taps), was born in NYC.
1945 Mar 6, Rob Reiner, actor, director (All in the Family, Stand By Me), was born in Bronx, NY.
1945 Apr 19, The Rodgers and Hammerstein adopted Ferenc Molnar’s "Lilliom" and produced the musical "Carousel" on Broadway.
(SFEC, 8/25/96, DB p.40)(AP, 4/19/97)
1945 Jul 28, A twin-engine U.S. Army B-25 bomber crashed into the Empire State Building between the 78th and 79th floors and killed 14 people. The plane’s propellers severed elevator cables and sent one on a 38-story fall in which the operator survived.
(SFC, 2/24/96, p.A1)(WSJ, 3/11/97, p.A1)(HT, 5/97, p.26)(AP, 7/28/97)
1945 Aug 14, Alfred Eisenstaedt shot a picture of a sailor kissing a nurse in Times Square. In 2007 Houston Police Department forensic artist Lois Gibson completed a detailed investigation and concluded that Glenn McDuffie (80) is the man in the image, which was published on the cover of Life Magazine on Aug 27.
1945 Aug 21, Patty McCormack, actress (Mama, Peck's Bad Girl, Ropers), was born in Brooklyn NY.
1945 Aug 27, Life Magazine’s issue for VJ-Day featured a photo that Life photographer Alfred Eisenstaedt made on May 8, VE-Day when he got signalman Jim Reynolds to pose for a kiss with a nurse on Times Square. That the photo was posed was denied by Life and Reynold’s role was not verified. Edith Shain in a letter claimed to be the nurse with documented letters from Eisenstaedt. In 2007 Houston Police Department forensic artist Lois Gibson completed a detailed investigation and concluded that Glenn McDuffie (80) is the man in Alfred Eisenstaedt's Aug. 14, 1945 image of a sailor kissing a nurse in Times Square.
(WSJ, 8/14/96, p.A14)(WSJ, 8/20/96, p.A11)(AP, 8/4/07)
1945 Oct 25, Assistant NYC fire chief Smokey Joe Martin died. Martin had retired in 1930 after a 46-year fire fighting career.
(ON, 4/03, p.)
1945 Nov 14, H. Lindsay & R. Crouse "State of the Union," premiered in NYC.
1945 Nov 21, Bummy Davis (b.1920 as Albert Davidoff), former middleweight boxer turned thug, died after taking on 2 hoodlums in Brooklyn, NY. In 1951 W.C. Heinz's wrote "Brownsville Bum," an account of the Bummy Davis tragedy for True Magazine. In 2003 Ron Ross authored Bummy Davis vs. Murder, Inc.”
(WSJ, 3/5/08, p.D9)(www.ronross.us/reviews.html)
1945 Dec 15, Robert Merrill (1917-2004) made his debut with the NY Metropolitan Opera.
(SFC, 10/26/04, p.A2)
1945 Dec 27, Arthur Laurent's "Home of the Brave," premiered in NYC.
1945 Dec, Mrs. Stephen C. Clark began the tradition of lighting up Park Avenue with Christmas lights in honor of her son and other New Yorkers who had died in the war.
(WSJ, 11/30/99, p.A24)
1945 Willem de Kooning painted "Study for Pink Angels" and "Still Life."
(SFC, 6/28/02, p.D1)
1945 Todd Duncan (d.1998 at 95), baritone, became the first black artist to perform with the NY City Opera as Tonio in "Pagliacci."
(SFC, 3/3/98, p.D8)
1945 William O’Dwyer was elected mayor. He left the post after 5 years to become the ambassador to Mexico.
(SFC, 6/26/98, p.D4)
1945 The NYC house at 7 Middagh St. in Brooklyn Heights was among those destroyed to make way for the Brooklyn-Queens Expressway. A group of American and English artists had lived there from the early 1940s. They included Carson McCullers, Wystan Auden, Benjamin Britten, Gypsy Rose Lee, Jane and Paul Bowles and guests such as Salvador Dali. In 2005 Sherrill Tippins authored “February House,” an account of their interactions.
(SSFC, 3/6/05, p.B1)
1945 The US Forest Service named "Smokey the Bear" as its spokesman to fight forest fires: "Remember, only you can prevent forest fires." Smokey the Bear was named after NYC assistant chief Smokey Joe Martin (d.1945). Rudolph A. Wendelin (d.2000 at 90) served as the "caretaker" of the Smokey Bear icon. [see Aug 9, 1944]
(SFEC, 9/3/00, p.C8)(ON, 4/03, p.9)
1942 Jan 6, The Pan American Airways "Pacific Clipper" arrived in New York under Captain Robert Ford. He flew west from New Zealand to avoid Japanese attacks and became the first commercial pilot to make a round-the-world trip. The Pacific Clipper was known as a "flying boat." This flight was 31,500 miles and took 209 hours to complete.
1946 Feb 4, Garson Kanin's "Born Yesterday," premiered in NYC.
1946 Mar 8, The 1st helicopter licensed for commercial use was in NYC.
1946 Mar 16, Erik Estrada, actor (CHiPs, Cross & Switchblade, Lightblast), was born in NYC.
1946 May 16, The Irving Berlin musical "Annie Get Your Gun" opened on Broadway starring Ethel Merman as Annie Oakley. The play closed in 1949 after 1,147 performances.
(AP, 5/16/97)(SFC, 4/24/99, p.A10)
1946 May 29, Robin Johnson, actress (Times Square), was born in Brooklyn, NY.
1946 Jun 14, Donald Trump, New York real estate mogul, was born in NYC.
(SSFC, 11/14/04, Par p.30)
1946 Jun 19, The first title match in boxing to be televised takes place in New York City, as Joe Louis defeated Billy Conn for the heavyweight championship. Three NBC TV stations carried the fight.
1946 Jul 2, Ron Silver, actor (Gary-Rhoda, Dear Detective, Baker's Dozen), was born in NYC.
1946 Oct 23, The United Nations General Assembly convened in New York for the first time, at an auditorium in Flushing Meadow.
1946 Nov 20, Lillian Hellman's "Another Part of the Forest," premiered in NYC.
1946 Dec 12, A United Nations committee voted to accept a six-block tract of Manhattan real estate offered as a gift by John D. Rockefeller Jr. to be the site of U.N. headquarters.
1946 Dec 14, The United Nations General Assembly voted to establish the U.N. headquarters in New York City. The UN adopted a disarmament resolution prohibiting the A-Bomb.
(AP, 12/14/97)(HN, 12/14/98)
1946 Dec 23, Highest ridership in NYC subway history took place with 8.8 million passengers.
1946 Lucius Beebe authored "The Stork Club Bar Book." The NY Stork Club was owned by Sherman Billingsley. In 2000 Ralph Blumenthal authored "Stork Club: America’s Most Famous Nightspot and the Lost World of Café Society."
(SFEM, 4/16/00, p.47)
1946 A $345 million suspension bridge, designed by Othmar Ammann, was approved to cross the Verrazano Narrows between Brooklyn and Staten Island, NYC. The Brooklyn side would be anchored on Old Fort Hamilton and the Staten Island side on Fort Wadsworth. Fort Lafayette was cleared to make room for the Brooklyn tower. In 1960 the rest of Fort Lafayette was leveled. Rubble was ferried to Staten Island side to facilitate the construction of the west tower.
(AH, 2/06, p.72)
1946 Jean and Walter Kerr made their Broadway debut with an adaptation of the "Song of Bernadette" from Franz Werfel’s novel.
(MC, 3/8/02)(SFC, 1/7/03, p.A22)
1946 Jinx Falkenburg (d.2003) and husband Tex McCrary pioneered talk radio programming with the "Hi Jinx" morning show at WEAF in NYC.
(SFC, 8/29/03, p.A28)
1946 A Coast Guard airplane crashed in the Bank of Manhattan Building.
(HT, 5/97, p.28)
1947 Jan 10, The musical fantasy "Finian's Rainbow," with music by Burton Lane and lyrics by E.Y. Harburg, opened on Broadway and ran for 725 performances. It is the tale of an Irishman who stole a pot of gold and came to the US to plant it and became rich. Burton Lane (1912-1996) also did "On a Clear Day You Can See Forever."
(MT, 10/94, p.15)(AP, 1/10/98)(MC, 1/10/02)
1947 Feb 18, Gian Carlo Menotti's opera "Telephone," premiered in NYC.
1947 Mar 13, The Lerner and Loewe musical "Brigadoon" opened on Broadway for 581 performances.
(AP, 3/13/97)(MC, 3/13/02)
1947 Apr 10, Brooklyn Dodgers president Branch Rickey announced he had purchased the contract of Jackie Robinson from the Montreal Royals. John Sengstacke, black publisher of the Chicago Defender, was instrumental in persuading Mr. Rickey in his decision. In spite of intense pressure and hostility, Robinson's athletic abilities earned him the Rookie of the Year Award in 1947.
(AP, 4/10/97)(SFC, 1/12/98, p.A1)(HN, 4/10/01)
1947 Apr 11, Jackie Robinson played in an exhibition between the Brooklyn Dodgers and the New York Yankees, the first Negro to play in Major league baseball. Jackie Robinson became the first black to play major league baseball as he took the field for the Brooklyn Dodgers. Jackie Robinson officially broke baseball's color barrier when he put on Dodgers uniform No. 42 in April 1947. When Jackie Robinson joined the Brooklyn Dodgers, talented black athletes toiled in relative obscurity in the Negro leagues despite the exciting caliber of their play. Brooklyn Dodgers' general manager Branch Rickey first approached Jackie Robinson in August 1945 to participate in the "great experiment" of integrating the major leagues.
(TMC, 1994, p.1947)(AP, 4/11/97)(HN, 4/10/98)(HNPD, 4/10/99)
1947 Apr 16, A lens that provided zoom effects was demonstrated in New York City.
1947 Apr 19, Murray Perahia, pianist (Avery Fischer Prize-1975, Grammy 1988), was born in NYC.
1947 May 25, Mitch Margo, rocker (Tokens-Lion Sleeps Tonight), was born in Brooklyn, NY.
1947 Jul 8, Demolition work began in New York City to make way for the new permanent headquarters of the United Nations.
1947 Aug 14, Daniele Steel, author (Remembrance, Zoya, Star, Daddy), was born in NYC.
1947 Sep 20, Former Republican New York City Mayor Fiorello La Guardia (1933-45) died. "The devil is easy to identify. He appears when you're terribly tired and makes a very reasonable request which you know you shouldn't grant." He amassed huge debts in the course of infrastructure improvements that lasted to the end of the century. In 2002 H. Paul Jeffers authored “The Napoleon of New York: Mayor Fiorello La Guardia.”
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fiorello_La_Guardia)(AP, 1/8/98)(AP, 9/20/97)(AH, 2/03, p.60)
1947 Sep, Ahmet Ertegun (1923-2006) and Herb Abramson formed Atlantic Records in New York City. The new independent record label concentrated on gospel, jazz and R&B music. The first recording sessions took place in November. In 2001 Ertegun authored his memoir "What’d I Say."
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ahmet_Erteg%C3%BCn)(WSJ, 7/6/01, p.W10)
1947 Oct 10, The Rodgers' and Hammerstein's musical "Allegro," premiered in NYC.
1947 Oct 29, Richard Dreyfuss, actor (Jaws, Nuts, Mr. Holland's Opus), was born in Brooklyn, NY.
1947 Dec 3, The Tennessee Williams play "A Streetcar Named Desire" opened on Broadway with Marlon Brando as Stanley Kowalski and Jessica Tandy as Blanche DuBois and Kim Hunter as Stella Kowalski. Brando’s first film was "The Men" directed by Fred Zinnemann.
(TMC, 1994, p.1947)(SFC, 3/15/97, p.A19)(SFEM,10/19/97, DB p.11) (AP, 12/3/97)
1947 Dec 26, Heavy snow blanketed the Northeast, burying New York City under 25.8 inches of snow in 16 hours. A record 26.4 inches fell and led to 77 deaths.
(AP, 12/26/97)(Econ, 2/18/06, p.28)
1947 Ed Flynn (1891-1953), depression-era Bronx County machine boss, authored his autobiography “You’re the Boss.”
(WSJ, 10/14/06, p.P10)
1947 "The Heiress," an adaptation of the Henry James novel "Washington Square," opened on Broadway. It was adopted by Augustus and Ruth Goetz who also wrote the 1949 film version screenplay.
(SFC, 10/17/01, p.C3)
1947 Red Buttons (1919-2006) appeared on Broadway in George Abbott’s musical “Barefoot Boy With Cheek.”
(SFC, 7/14/06, p.B9)
1947 Stuyvesant Town and Peter Cooper Village were built in NYC with the help of tax breaks to provide homes for public sector workers and soldiers returning from WW II. Only whites were allowed until some nasty scenes in the 1950s. In 2006 the MetLife Insurance Co. sold the 80-acre complex to an investment group, Tishman Speyer and BlackRock, for $5.4 billion. In 2010 the investment group defaulted and relinquished the property, estimated at $1.8 billion in value, to creditors.
(Econ, 10/21/06, p.43)(Econ, 10/2/10, p.82)
1947 The New York Yankees defeated the Brooklyn Dodgers for the baseball World Series pennant.
(SFC, 10/19/00, p.A14)
1947 Topps Co. of Brooklyn began wrapping bubble gum in comics and calling it Bazooka. In 2006 the company relaunched Bazooka.
(SFC, 1/13/98, p.A19)(WSJ, 7/8/06, p.A5)
1947 The Collyer Brothers were exhumed from their Harlem Brownstone, which was crammed with 160 tons of scavenged junk and laid with booby traps. In 2003 Franz Lidz authored "Ghosty Men: The Strange But True Story of the Collyer Brothers, New York's Greatest Hoarders."
(SSFC, 10/11/03, p.M4)
1948 Feb 28, Mercedes Ruehl, actress (Lost in Yonkers, Crazy People), was born in Queens NY.
1948 Mar 31, Rhea Perlman, actress (Zena-Taxi, Carla-Cheers), was born in Brooklyn.
1948 Apr 3, Garrick Ohlsson, pianist (Intl Busoni winner 1969), was born in Bronxville, NY.
1948 Apr 18, Catherine Malfitano, soprano (Metropolitan Opera), was born in NYC.
1948 May 18, "Ballet Ballads" opened at Music Box Theater in NYC for 62 performances.
1948 Jun 14, Lee Wagner, a New York publisher, launched his TeleVision Guide. It became known as TV Guide. The Barowski brothers in Philadelphia soon followed with their TV Digest.
(WSJ, 5/8/98, p.W10)
1948 Jul 1, New York International Airport at Idlewild, later renamed John F. Kennedy International Airport, was officially opened.
1948 Jul 1, The fare on New York City subways doubled from a nickel to ten cents.
1948 Jul 31, "Brigadoon" closed at Ziegfeld Theater in NYC after 581 performances.
1948 Jul 31, President Truman helped dedicate New York International Airport (later John F. Kennedy International Airport) at Idlewild Field.
(HFA, ‘96, p.34)(AP, 7/31/97)
1948 Aug 16, Famed home-run slugger George Herman "Babe" Ruth died at age 53 in New York City. He is credited with turning baseball from a game of speed and skill to one of power. During a flamboyant major league career that began as a pitcher with the Boston Red Sox in 1914 and ended with his retirement from the Boston Braves in 1935, the Babe hit an astonishing total of 714 homers, a feat that was not surpassed until Henry Aaron of the Atlanta Braves broke Ruth’s record in 1974. The fans loved the warm-hearted Babe Ruth, who had a reputation as a hard drinker, carouser and womanizer. In 1931, at the height of his career with the Yankees, Ruth earned $80,000, which made him the highest-paid ballplayer in history. At a special "Babe Ruth Day" just two months before his death, the cancer-stricken Babe donned his uniform for the last time and appeared before a cheering crowd at Yankee Stadium. In 2006 Leigh Montville authored “The Big Bam,” a biography of Babe Ruth.
(SFC, 10/15/96, p.A19)(AP, 8/16/97)(HNPD, 8/16/98)(WSJ, 5/9/06, p.D6)
1948 Aug 20, The United States ordered the expulsion of the Soviet Consul General in New York, Jacob Lomakin, accusing him of attempting to return two consular employees to the Soviet Union against their will.
1948 Sep 14, A groundbreaking ceremony took place in New York at the site of the United Nations' world headquarters.
1948 Oct 2, Donna Karan, fashion designer (Coty Award-1977), was born in Forest Hills, NY.
1948 Oct 2, "Finian's Rainbow" closed at 46th St Theater NYC after 725 performances.
1948 Oct 6, "Polonaise" opened at Alvin Theater NYC for 113 performances.
1948 Oct 6, The Tennessee Williams play "Summer and Smoke" opened on Broadway.
1948 Oct 11, The musical comedy "Where's Charley?," starring Ray Bolger and featuring songs by Frank Loesser, opened at St James Theater NYC for 792 performances.
(AP, 10/11/98)(MC, 10/11/01)
1948 Nov 23, Dr. Frank G. Back in NYC patented a lens to provide zoom effects.
1948 Nov 29, The NYC Metropolitan Opera was televised for the first time as the season opened with "Othello." It featured Ramon Vinay, Licia Albenese, and Leonard Warren and was conducted by Fritz Busch
(HN, 11/29/98)(MC, 11/29/01)
1948 Dec 30, The Cole Porter musical "Kiss Me, Kate" opened on Broadway at the New Century Theater and ran for 1,077 performances. It was based on Shakespeare’s "The Taming of the Shrew" and was written by Bella Spewack (d.1990 at age 91), who helped originate the Girl Scout cookie. The songs "Too Darn Hot" and "I Hate Men" were featured.
(WSJ, 5/8/97, p.A20)(WSJ, 6/3/98, p.CA1,4) (AP, 12/30/98)(MC, 12/30/01)
1948 Allan Nevins and John Kraut put together a volume of essays titled "the Greater City: New York, 1898-1948," to commemorate the 50th anniversary of consolidation.
(WSJ, 12/31/97, p.A10)
1948 In NYC a group of young jazz players gathered at the apartment of Gil Evans on West 55th and crafted a music that was later tagged as “the birth of the cool.” Miles Davis led the group that also included Gerry Mulligan, John Lewis and John Carisi. This followed the recent disbanding of band led by Claude Thornhill (d.1965), in which Gill Evans was an arranger.
(WSJ, 7/5/08, p.W12)
1948 Red Buttons appeared on Broadway in the musical “Hold It.”
(SFC, 7/14/06, p.B9)
1948 The New York City Ballet was founded.
(WSJ, 11/2/98, p.A32)
1948 Dwight D. Eisenhower, WW II general, became president of Columbia Univ.
(SSFC, 8/15/04, p.D11)
1948 Oral history was founded as an academic field at Columbia Univ.
(SFC, 10/28/08, p.B5)
1949 Jan 17, Andy Kaufman, comedian, actor (Latka Gravas-Taxi), was born in NYC.
1949 Jan 28, NY Giants signed their 1st black players, Monte Irvin & Ford Smith.
1949 Feb 7, Joe DiMaggio of the NY Yankees became the 1st $100,000/year baseball player.
1949 Feb 10, Arthur Miller's play "Death of a Salesman" opened at Broadway's Morosco Theater.
1949 Feb 12, "Annie Get Your Gun" closed at the Imperial Theater in NYC after 1147 performances.
1949 Mar 23, Sidney Kingsley's "Detective Story" premiered in NYC.
1949 Apr 7, The Rodgers and Hammerstein musical "South Pacific" opened on Broadway at the Majestic Theater for 1928 performances.
(AP, 4/7/97)(MC, 4/7/02)
1949 May 11, The 1st Polaroid camera sold $89.95 in NYC.
1949 Sep 13, The Ladies Professional Golf Association of America was formed in New York City, with Patty Berg as its first president.
1949 Oct 4, United Nations' permanent NYC headquarters was dedicated.
1949 Oct 30, Kurt Weill and Maxwell Anderson's "Lost in the Stars" premiered in NYC.
1949 Nov 13, Whoopi Goldberg, [Caryn Johnson], actress (Color Purple, Burglar, Ghost), was born in NYC.
1949 Dec 8, Jule Styne's "Gentlemen Prefer Blondes" opened at the NYC Ziegfeld Theater for 740 performances.
1949 E.B. White authored "Here is New York."
(SSFC, 9/8/02, p.C4)
1949 Emily Genauer (d.2002 at 91) became the chief art critic for the NY Herald Tribune and held the position to 1966.
(SFC, 9/2/02, p.B6)
1949 The New York Yankees defeated the Brooklyn Dodgers for the baseball World Series pennant.
(SFC, 10/19/00, p.A14)
1949-1951 The City College of New York (CCNY) basketball team conspired to fix games over these seasons. A 1998 documentary on HBO covered the story.
(WSJ, 3/19/98, p.A16)
Subject = NYC
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