Timeline Afghanistan  2005-2007

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2005        Jan 2, In western Afghanistan a US soldier and a former Afghan militia leader were killed when American troops clashed with gunmen while searching the leader's compound.
    (AP, 1/2/05)

2005        Jan 3, In eastern Afghanistan a US was killed and three others wounded in a clash with militants.
    (AP, 1/3/05)

2005        Jan 12, In southern Afghanistan gunmen kidnapped six government soldiers in a former Taliban stronghold and dumped their bullet-ridden bodies in a canal.
    (AP, 1/13/05)

2005        Jan 16, The US military freed 81 Afghan prisoners, and the Afghan government was negotiating the release of hundreds more from American custody.
    (AP, 1/16/05)(WSJ, 1/17/05, p.A1)

2005        Jan 26, Afghan President Hamid Karzai started a two-day visit to Iran mainly focused on boosting economic relations and inaugurating a new cross-border highway.
    (AFP, 1/26/05)

2005        Jan 27, An Afghan soldier opened fire inside a US base and killed 5 of his comrades.
    (SFC, 1/28/05, p.A3)

2005        Jan 29, Nine Afghan soldiers died and another was seriously injured when a mine exploded near their vehicle as they traveled close to the Pakistani border.
    (AP, 1/29/05)

2005        Jan, A 220-page UN report on atrocities in Afghanistan was scheduled for release but kept under wraps for the next 18 months. Publication was expected in mid-2006.
    (SFC, 6/17/06, p.A1)

2005        Feb 3, An Afghan passenger jet carrying 104 people disappeared from radar screens during a snowstorm near the mountain-ringed capital. NATO helicopters found the wreckage of 2 days later. There were no survivors.
    (AP, 2/4/05)(AP, 2/5/05)

2005        Feb 11, In Afghanistan US troops killed two unarmed men after they entered an exclusion zone around near Shindand Air Base in Herat province. An investigation followed.
    (AP, 2/19/05)

2005        Feb 17, In Afghanistan a cold snap over the past month has claimed at least 267 lives and thousands more people were thought to be stranded in remote areas. Winter blizzards left over 1,000 children dead.
    (AFP, 2/17/05)(SFC, 3/3/05, p.A1)

2005        Feb 24, In southeastern Afghanistan Taliban insurgents launched 3 separate attacks, killing 9 Afghan troops and wounding an American soldier while sustaining heavy casualties themselves.
    (AP, 2/25/05)

2005        Mar 2, In Afghanistan Pres. Karzai appointed Habiba Sarobi as governor of Bamiyan province, making her Afghanistan’s 1st female governor.
    (SFC, 3/3/05, p.A10)
2005        Mar 2, In eastern Afghanistan a gunbattle between U.S.-led coalition forces and militants left three militants and two civilians dead.
    (AP, 3/5/05)

2005        Mar 8, Afghan gunmen killed a British advisor in Kabul.
    (WSJ, 3/9/05, p.A1)

2005        Mar 17, In Afghanistan a bomb exploded near a taxi carrying women and children in the southern city of Kandahar, killing at least five people and wounding.
    (AP, 3/17/05)

2005        Mar 20, Severe flooding caused by snowmelt and torrential rains across Afghanistan left nearly 20 dead and thousands homeless.
    (AFP, 3/20/05)

2005        Mar 22, In Afghanistan US warplanes killed five suspected Taliban or al-Qaida militants near the Pakistani border after guerrillas launched an overnight rocket and gun attack on American and Afghan military positions.
    (AP, 3/23/05)
2005        Mar 22, In Afghanistan US-led forces trying to capture a suspected Taliban militant got into a firefight that left seven people dead, including two children and a woman.
    (AP, 3/24/05)

2005        Mar 26, In Afghanistan 4 US soldiers died when their vehicle struck a land mine.
    (AP, 3/26/05)

2005        Mar 30, Under heavy protection, First Lady Laura Bush visited the capital of Afghanistan, where she talked with Afghan women freed from Taliban repression and urged greater rights.
    (AP, 3/30/06)

2005        Mar 31, It was reported that Shirin Gul (39), an Afghan housewife, stood accused with her lover and son (18) of murdering 27 men over the last 4 years in order to sell their cars across the border in Pakistan.
    (SFC, 3/31/05, p.A3)

2005        Apr 1, Suspected Taliban gunmen ambushed a convoy of civilian trucks carrying vehicles to the US military in southern Afghanistan, killing three drivers. A bomb planted on a tractor trolley killed two people and injured five in the northern city of Mazar-i-Sharif while a roadside bomb blast in southern Kandahar province killed two teenagers.
    (AP, 4/2/05)

2005        Apr 2, In southern Afghanistan Taliban militants stormed a government building in Deshu district and killed 3 Afghan soldiers in a two-hour gunbattle before fleeing. A Western security source in Kandahar linked the attack to an ongoing counter-narcotics drive in Helmand province and said security was deteriorating there.
    (AFP, 4/3/05)(SSFC, 4/3/05, p.A9)

2005        Apr 5, Zalmay Khalilzad, a former White House official who has served as US ambassador in his native Afghanistan, was named to take over the post in Iraq.
    (AP, 4/6/05)

2005        Apr 6, In southeast Afghanistan a US military helicopter crashed in bad weather. 15 US service members and 3 American civilians were killed when their Chinook helicopter crashed.
    (AP, 4/7/05)

2005        Apr 11, In Afghanistan at least 12 suspected Taliban rebels were killed and two American soldiers wounded in a battle that began with a botched rebel attack.
    (AP, 4/12/05)

2005        Apr 19, US forces killed more than 12 insurgents in a clash in southeastern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 4/21/05)

2005        Apr 20, In Afghanistan 2 former Taliban leaders joined a reconciliation drive that American commanders hope will undermine a three-year-old insurgency.
    (AP, 4/21/05)

2005        Apr 21, US and Afghan soldiers backed by warplanes and artillery battled suspected insurgents in clashes near the border with Pakistan. 4 fighters and 1 Afghan soldier were killed.
    (AP, 4/24/05)

2005        Apr 25, Bashir Noorzai (44), alleged Afghan heroin dealer, was arrested while traveling to NY.
    (SFC, 4/26/05, p.A3)

2005        Apr 26, A US soldier and four Afghan police officers were killed in separate rebel attacks, while at least two Afghan civilians were injured by gunfire following the bombing of an American patrol in the east of the country.
    (AP, 4/27/05)

2005        Apr 29, Afghan security forces opened fire during a celebration in a western city, killing a mother and her daughter. In central Afghanistan an airstrike on a suspected insurgent camp killed three civilians and four militants. A bomb tore through a jeep carrying Afghan anti-drug police in eastern Afghanistan, killing 3 officers and injuring two more, in the first deadly attack on the country's new counter-narcotics forces.
    (AP, 4/30/05)(AP, 5/1/05)

2005        May 1, The bodies of 3 Afghan women were found raped, hanged and dumped on a roadside in Baglan province with a warning not to work for foreign relief organizations.
    (SFC, 5/6/05, p.A15)

2005        May 2, In Afghanistan an arms cache, hidden under the house of a warlord and former government militia commander named Jalal Bashgah, exploded in a bunker beneath his home killing 34 people, injuring 16 and devastating surrounding buildings.
    (AP, 5/2/05)(SFC, 5/3/05, p.A5)

2005        May 3, From May 3 to 4 American troops and Afghan police killed 64 rebels and captured six during a battle in the mountains of southern Afghanistan. 9 Afghan troops and one policeman were also killed in the clashes in the southern provinces of Zabul and Kandahar.
    (AP, 5/5/05)

2005        May 7, In Afghanistan a UN worker from Myanmar was among three people killed in a suicide attack at an Internet cafe in Kabul.
    (AP, 5/8/05)

2005        May 8, In eastern Afghanistan insurgents trying to escape US Marines took refuge in a cave and killed 2 Americans during a 5-hour battle that left an estimated 23 rebels dead.
    (AP, 5/10/05)

2005        May 11, In Afghanistan demonstrators angry over the alleged desecration of the Quran at Guantanamo Bay smashed car and shop windows and stoned a passing convoy of US soldiers. Police opened fire on the protesters, killing four and injuring at least 71.
    (AP, 5/11/05)

2005        May 12, Police clashed with anti-U.S. demonstrators in two Afghan towns, killing at least three people, and Afghan students burned an American flag in Kabul as protests spread over reported abuse of Islam's holy book at the U.S. jail in Guantanamo Bay.
    (AP, 5/12/05)

2005        May 13, Afghan police and demonstrators clashed, killing at least 4 people, as protests over allegations that interrogators at the US prison in Guantanamo Bay desecrated Islam's holy book spread to more cities.
    (AP, 5/13/05)

2005        May 16, In Afghanistan 4 armed men kidnapped Clementina Cantoni (32), an Italian relief worker, from her car in Kabul. Authorities described the group as thieves.
    (AP, 5/17/05)

2005        May 18, In Afghanistan Shaima Rezayee (24), a host on an MTV-style music show, was shot dead in the head at her Kabul home.
    (AP, 5/20/05)
2005        May 18-2005 May 19, Suspected Taliban militants ambushed and killed 11 Afghans working on a US-funded project to end opium farming in Helmand province. Chemonics, which employed 14,000 people, suspended operations.
    (AP, 5/18/05)(AP, 5/19/05)(Econ, 7/16/05, p.40)

2005        May 21, In eastern Afghanistan fighting between insurgents and US-led coalition and Afghan forces left 12 rebels dead and one U.S. soldier slightly wounded. In southern Afghanistan a bomb exploded near a U.S. military patrol, killing one American soldier and wounding two others.
    (AP, 5/21/05)(AP, 5/22/05)

2005        May 22, The UN condemned as "utterly unacceptable" the alleged abuse of detainees at the main US base in Afghanistan and called on the American military to allow an investigation by Afghan human rights officials.
    (AP, 5/22/05)

2005        May 23, President Bush said that US troops in Afghanistan will remain under US control despite Afghan President Hamid Karzai's request for more authority over them.
    (AP, 5/23/05)
2005        May 23, Afghan and coalition forces killed two insurgents in a firefight in central Afghanistan, while US aircraft bombed and destroyed a cave where about six other rebels were believed hiding.
    (AP, 5/24/05)

2005        May 29, In southern Afghanistan's Kandahar province gunmen shot and killed Mullah Abdul Fayaz, the top Muslim leader.
    (AP, 5/29/05)

2005        May 30, In Afghanistan Taliban militants claimed responsibility for a bicycle bomb aimed at a NATO-led vehicle which wounded at least 7 Afghans and a rocket which slammed into the peacekeeping force's base in Kabul.
    (AFP, 5/30/05)
2005        May 30, US-led warplanes and troops killed up to 9 suspected Taliban rebels after the militants launched 3 attacks in quick succession on Afghan and US-led coalition forces.
    (AFP, 5/31/05)

2005        May 31, NATO troops took command of security and reconstruction efforts in western Afghanistan from US forces under a plan that will likely soon put NATO forces into insurgent hot spots.
    (AP, 5/31/05)

2005        Jun 1, In Afghanistan a bomb from a suicide attacker tore through a mosque during a funeral in Kandahar for a Muslim cleric opposed to the Taliban, killing at least 20 people. The local governor said an al-Qaida-linked militant was responsible.
    (AP, 6/1/05)

2005        Jun 3, In eastern Afghanistan a bomb exploded next to a US military convoy, killing two American soldiers and wounding a third.
    (AP, 6/4/05)

2005        Jun 4, In Afghanistan Haji Sultan, division commander for the Taliban, was arrested with Mullah Mohammad Rahim, another senior Taliban official, in the western Farah province.
    (AP, 6/5/05)

2005        Jun 8, In eastern Afghanistan rebel rockets struck US troops unloading supplies from a helicopter, killing two and wounding 8.
    (AP, 6/8/05)

2005        Jun 10, In eastern Afghanistan an American soldier was killed and three US troops were wounded when insurgents ambushed a patrol.
    (AP, 6/11/05)

2005        Jun 11, In southern Afghanistan an Afghan army truck collided with a bus, killing three villagers and wounding seven. A US soldier was killed by small-arms fire in Orgun-e.
    (AP, 6/11/05)(SFC, 6/14/05, p.B3)

2005        Jun 14, A health expert warned that Kabul is on the verge of a cholera epidemic, with more than 2,000 cases of the disease and at least eight deaths reported in recent weeks.
    (AP, 6/14/05)
2005        Jun 14, Fighting between about 90 suspected Taliban rebels and hundreds of Afghan soldiers and U.S.-led coalition troops left seven insurgents dead and 10 wounded, while a rebel attack on a medical clinic killed a doctor and six others.
    (AP, 6/15/05)

2005        Jun 15, In Afghanistan 4 people, including 2 boys, were killed by mines.
    (AP, 6/16/05)

2005        Jun 16, Taliban rebels ambushed a police convoy in southern Afghanistan, taking at least 10 officers and a district police chief captive.
    (AP, 6/18/05)

2005        Jun 19, In southern Afghanistan US warplanes and helicopters opened fire on a group of suspected rebels after the ambush of a coalition convoy, killing as many as 20 militants.
    (AP, 6/19/05)

2005        Jun 20, Fierce fighting between Taliban rebels and Afghan security forces left 18 insurgents and three others dead.
    (AP, 6/20/05)

2005        Jun 21, American warplanes pounded a suspected Taliban safe haven in southern Afghanistan in an assault that left up to 76 insurgents and five policeman dead and five U.S. soldiers wounded.
    (AP, 6/22/05)(SFC, 6/23/05, p.A10)

2005        Jun 22, US military said a US Air Force U-2 spy plane involved in a mission in Afghanistan crashed while returning to its base in the United Arab Emirates, killing the pilot.
    (AP, 6/22/05)

2005        Jun 23, Afghan and U.S.-led coalition forces surrounded a rebel hide-out in southern Afghanistan, and the number of insurgents killed from three days of fighting rose to 102.
    (AP, 6/23/05)

2005        Jun 24, In Afghanistan 4 days of fighting left 114 people dead, including 102 insurgents.
    (AP, 6/24/05)
2005        Jun 24, Russia, whose last border guard left the Tajik-Afghan border last week, said Afghanistan's heroin output was growing at breakneck speed and presented a threat to the world community.
    (Reuters, 6/24/05)

2005        Jun 25, Afghan forces found the bodies of 76 suspected militants killed during a barrage of their camps by Afghan and US forces. In all, a total of 178 militants were killed and 56 suspected insurgents have been captured since Jun 21.
    (AP, 6/25/05)
2005        Jun 25, In northern Afghanistan a massive explosion at a weapons dump near an airfield killed five Afghans and two German soldiers.
    (AP, 6/26/05)

2005        Jun 28, In Kunar province, Afghanistan, 4 US Navy SEAL commandos radioed for help during a reconnaissance mission for Taliban and al-Qaeda fighters, that was part of Operation Red Wing. A US Chinook helicopter with 16 men responded to the call and was shot down. Marcus Luttrell was rescued by US forces on July 2. In 2007 Luttrell, the only survivor, authored “Lone Survivor: The Eyewitness Account of Operation Redwing and the Lost Heroes of SEAL Team 10." Michael Murphy, a Navy Seal who gave his life to call for help for his unit, was awarded the Medal of Honor in 2007.
    (AP, 6/29/05)(SFC, 7/7/05, p.A14)(WSJ, 10/23/07, p.A1)(WSJ, 10/27/07, p.A9)
2005        Jun 29, In central Afghanistan Taliban militants attacked police checkpoints and a village, and the fighting left 25 people dead, including tribal elders who were taken hostage.
    (AP, 7/1/05)

2005        Jul 1,  In eastern Afghanistan a US airstrike in Kunar province resulted in casualties; Afghan officials said 48 people were killed, including 25 members of an extended family attending a wedding celebration; US officials later confirmed 34 dead. Hundreds of Afghan troops raided a Taliban hide-out in the mountains of central Afghanistan and 18 rebels and two soldiers were killed in fierce fighting.
    (SFC, 7/7/05, p.A14)(AP, 7/2/05)(AP, 7/1/06)

2005        Jul 4, A senior US defense official confirmed the deaths of two Navy SEALS that were missing in action in Afghanistan's northeast.
    (AP, 7/4/05)
2005        Jul 4, In Afghanistan a provincial governor said a 2nd member of a missing elite US military team has been located in the rugged mountains near the Pakistan border.
    (AP, 7/4/05)

2005        Jul 5, An alliance of Russia, China and central Asian nations called for the US and coalition members in Afghanistan to set a date for withdrawing from member states, reflecting growing unease over America's regional military presence. The Shanghai Cooperation Organization includes China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.
    (AP, 7/5/05)

2005        Jul 7, A Human Rights Watch report said numerous officials in Afghan President Hamid Karzai's government are implicated in war crimes that took place at the start of the country's bloody civil war in the early 1990s.
    (AP, 7/7/05)

2005        Jul 9, The US military released another batch of 76 Afghan prisoners as part of ongoing efforts to promote national reconciliation. A purported Taliban spokesman said that the group has beheaded a missing American commando, but he offered no proof.
    (AP, 7/9/05)
2005        Jul 9, Suspected Taliban gunmen ambushed an Afghani government border patrol in the desert near the frontier with Pakistan, killing 10 soldiers and beheading their bodies.
    (AP, 7/10/05)

2005        Jul 10, In eastern Afghanistan the body of a missing US commando was located in Kunar province. The location and disposition of the service member's remains indicate he died while fighting off enemy terrorists on or about June 28.
    (AP, 7/11/05)

2005        Jul 11, In Afghanistan 4 suspected terrorists escaped from the main US base, the first time anyone has broken out of the heavily guarded detention facility. Omar al-Farouq was one of the four suspected Arab terrorists to escape from the detention facility at Bagram. Born in Kuwait to Iraqi parents, he was considered one of Osama bin Laden's top lieutenants in Southeast Asia until Indonesian authorities captured him in 2002 and turned him over to the US. On Nov 2 Indonesian anti-terrorism official, Maj. Gen. Ansyaad Mbai, sharply criticized the US government for failing to inform him that al-Farouq was no longer behind bars.
    (AP, 7/11/05)(AP, 11/2/05)
2005        Jul 11-2005 Jul 12, Fighting between rebels and Afghan and American forces in Zabul province left 17 insurgents dead.
    (AP, 7/13/05)

2005        Jul 14, US and Afghan soldiers fought Taliban insurgent near the Pakistan border inside Afghanistan. Maj. Gen. Rehmatullah Raufi, the top army commander in Paktia, said the Afghan base was attacked in the Lwara area. The next day Pakistani troops found the bodies of 24 suspected Taliban militants. Pakistan protested the US cross-border raid.
    (AP, 7/15/05)(WSJ, 7/18/05, p.A1)

2005        Jul 15, Suspected Taliban gunmen kidnapped and hanged a pro-government tribal leader in southern Afghanistan. Agha Jan was kidnapped the previous day with his two sons, brother and two nephews from his home in southern Zabul province. The relatives were released unharmed. Suspected Taliban fighters raided a police post in southern Afghanistan, killing 7 policemen and losing 5 of their own men.
    (AP, 7/15/05)(AP, 7/16/05)

2005        Jul 17, The 168-page Afghanistan Justice Project report was issued and covered human rights abuses since the late 1970s. It holds several top officials and candidates in national elections, scheduled for September, among those responsible for mass arrests, tortures and executions.
    (AP, 7/18/05)

2005        Jul 18, A British jury convicted Faryadi Sarwar Zardad, a former Afghan warlord, of torture and hostage-taking (1991-1996). It was the first trial in Britain of a foreigner for crimes committed in his homeland. The next day Zardad was sentenced to 20 years in prison.
    (AP, 7/19/05)(AP, 7/20/05)

2005        Jul 20, Two Afghans released from Guantanamo Bay claimed about 180 Afghans at the U.S. detention facility were on a hunger strike to protest alleged mistreatment and to push for freedom.
    (AP, 7/21/05)

2005        Jul 21, Suspected Taliban rebels ambushed a car carrying a local administrator in southern Afghanistan. Gul Mohammed, an acting deputy district chief, and his unidentified driver were killed when militants opened fire on their car in Helmand province.
    (AP, 7/22/05)

2005        Jul 23, In southern Afghanistan suspected Taliban militants fatally shot a district judge.
    (AP, 7/23/05)

2005        Jul 24, In southern Afghanistan more than a dozen suspected militants attacked a US patrol, and the resulting firefight left one American soldier dead and another wounded. A roadside bomb exploded in eastern Afghanistan, striking a US military convoy and wounding six American troops.
    (AP, 7/24/05)(AP, 7/25/05)

2005        Jul 25, Fighting between Taliban rebels and U.S. and Afghan forces in Uruzgan province killed about 50 suspected militants, in the deadliest clashes in weeks ahead of crucial legislative elections. The fighting killed one US and one Afghan soldier.
    (AP, 7/26/05)(SFC, 7/26/05, p.A3)

2005        Jul 26, In Afghanistan more than 1,000 stone-throwing protesters tried to break into Bagram, the main U.S. base to free eight detained villagers, and Afghan troops fired warning shots and used clubs to beat the mob back. U.S. troops also fired into the air.
    (AP, 7/26/05)
2005        Jul 26, In Afghanistan US military officials moved to defuse tension after a riot outside their main base by handing 6 villagers, accused of being bomb makers, over to local authorities.
    (AP, 7/27/05)

2005        Jul 28, The main body of Canadian soldiers being deployed to Afghanistan has begun arriving in the treacherous Kandahar region. They're part of what will be a 250-strong provincial reconstruction team, the first such team Canada has sent to Afghanistan.
    (CP, 7/28/05)
2005        Jul 28, A team of anti-drug investigators, lawyers and judges will start prosecuting major narcotics cases in Afghanistan, the world's largest opium and heroin producer, as part of a new UN program.
    (AP, 7/28/05)

2005        Jul 30, In central Afghanistan thousands of rockets, mortars and anti-aircraft ammunition have been seized in the largest cache of militant weapons discovered in months.
    (AP, 7/31/05)

2005        Jul, In Afghanistan 2 US soldiers punched detainees at a forward operating base in Uruzgan province. In 2006 Army Spc. James Hayes was reduced to private and forfeited all pay and allowances for 4 months. Army Sgt. Kevin Myricks received a reduction in rank and was sentenced to 6 months confinement.
    (SSFC, 1/29/06, p.A3)(AP, 1/30/06)

2005        Aug 3, Some 2,000 Afghan security forces rushed to an eastern province after dozens of suspected Taliban rebels wearing army uniforms killed 8 police and soldiers in an attack on a region that has been largely peaceful in recent months.
    (AP, 8/3/05)

2005        Aug 4, A roadside bomb exploded near a US military vehicle near the Afghan border with Pakistan, killing an American service member and wounding another. 2 US service members drowned after their Humvee slid into a river during an operation targeting insurgents in eastern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 8/5/05)

2005        Aug 8, In southern Afghanistan one US service member and at least 16 suspected Taliban rebels were killed in fighting.
    (AP, 8/9/05)
2005        Aug 8-2005 Aug 9, In Afghanistan US airstrikes during operations against militants killed civilians and wounded others, including an infant according to local villagers.
    (AP, 8/11/05)

2005        Aug 9, A roadside bomb attack in eastern Afghanistan killed a US service member, the fifth American casualty in a week. Suspected Taliban rebels gunned down an Afghan woman accused of spying for the coalition.
    (AP, 8/10/05)
2005        Aug 9, Qari Amadullah, a suspected Taliban rebel leader, died in heavy fighting in eastern Afghanistan. 5 other militants were killed and 3 US soldiers were wounded during the clash.
    (AP, 8/12/05)

2005        Aug 11, In Afghanistan a US service member was killed in Paktika province, the sixth American fatality in a week. An American soldier was killed and two others were wounded in an explosives training accident in central Uruzgan province.
    (AP, 8/11/05)(AP, 8/12/05)

2005        Aug 12, In Afghanistan suspected Taliban guerrillas ambushed a vehicle carrying police in southern Zabul province's Arghandab district, sparking a gunbattle that killed 3 militants.
    (AP, 8/12/05)

2005        Aug 13, Khosraw Basheri (23) claimed a historic title of Mr. Afghanistan in the country’s first-ever national competition to select a top bodybuilder.
    (AP, 8/14/05)
2005        Aug 13, US Marines and Afghan troops launched an offensive to take a remote mountain valley from insurgents tied to the deadliest blow on American forces since the Taliban regime was ousted nearly four years ago.
    (AP, 8/14/05)

2005        Aug 14, Fighting across southern Afghanistan left 28 suspected Taliban rebels dead. In Zabul province Afghan forces attacked a group of suspected militants, killing 16 of them and arresting one. In neighboring Uruzgan province's Dehrawud district, a gunbattle between Afghan soldiers and insurgents left five militants dead.
    (AP, 8/15/05)

2005        Aug 16, Two helicopters carrying NATO-led forces to prepare for next month's elections crashed in the desert in western Afghanistan, killing at least 17 Spanish troops.
    (AP, 8/16/05)

2005        Aug 18, In Afghanistan a US Marine and an Afghan soldier were killed during battles with militants in eastern Kunar province ahead of next month's landmark elections. 2 American soldiers were killed in the south.
    (AP, 8/19/05)

2005        Aug 20, In southern Afghanistan at least 20 people were killed and 28 others injured when two buses collided on a highway.
    (AFP, 8/20/05)

2005        Aug 21, Afghan forces and US Marines killed more than 40 suspected militants in an operation against insurgents in the Koregnal Valley, believed responsible for twin attacks that killed 19 troops in June.
    (AP, 8/22/05)
2005        Aug 21, A roadside bomb killed four US soldiers and wounded three others as they patrolled southern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 8/21/05)

2005        Aug 24, In Afghanistan’s Uruzgan province coalition aircraft killed 5 alleged insurgents after a firefight with troops on the ground.
    (AP, 8/25/05)
2005        Aug 24, The US-led coalition and Afghan forces killed Payenda Mohammed, a suspected Taliban commander and three of his fighters in the country's south.
    (AP, 8/29/05)

2005        Aug 25, A joint U.S.-Afghan patrol spotted a rebel observation post and A-10 warplanes and attack helicopters were called in, killing five suspected militants.
    (AP, 8/25/05)

2005        Aug 26, In eastern Afghanistan a bomb killed a US service member and wounded four when it exploded near their armored vehicle in Paktika province.
    (AP, 8/27/05)

2005        Aug 28, India’s PM Manmohan Singh, the first Indian premier to visit Afghanistan in nearly 3 decades, pledged with Afghan President Hamid Karzai to battle terrorism amid rising violence in the war-battered country.
    (AFP, 8/28/05)
2005        Aug 28, In Afghanistan suspected Taliban rebels killed a candidate running in next month's legislative elections.
    (AP, 8/28/05)
2005        Aug 28, In Afghanistan 6 rebels died in a clash with Afghan police.
    (AP, 8/29/05)
2005        Aug 28, Militants attacked a joint patrol by Afghan and U.S.-led coalition forces near Kabul, and an ensuing firefight left one suspected rebel dead and two others wounded.
    (AP, 8/30/05)

2005        Aug 30, Afghan and U.S. ground troops, backed by attack helicopters, raided a Taliban camp in the mountains of southern Afghanistan, killing nine suspected militants.
    (AP, 8/31/05)

2005        Aug 31, Militants kidnapped David Addison, a British engineer, and his interpreter after an attack in western Afghanistan that left at least three policemen dead. Addison’s body was found Sep 3.
    (AP, 9/1/05)(Reuters, 9/3/05)

2005        Aug, A report, only made public in 2008, marked confidential and bearing the official seal of Spain's Defense Ministry charged that Pakistan's spy service was helping arm Taliban insurgents for assassination plots against the Afghan government.
    (AP, 10/1/08)

2005        Sep 1, In Afghanistan the bodies of 2 Japanese tourists were found. The two Japanese teachers, technical arts teacher Jun Fukusho (44), and female English teacher Shinobu Hasegawa (30), had been missing for 3 weeks.
    (AFP, 9/3/05)
2005        Sep 1, in Afghanistan Taliban insurgents stabbed to death Mullah Amir Akhund, a pro-government Islamic cleric, in Helmand province.
    (AP, 9/3/05)

2005        Sep 2, Suspected Taliban gunmen kidnapped a district government chief, a candidate for legislature and three other people after ambushing their vehicle in southern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 9/3/05)

2005        Sep 4, In southern Afghanistan 13 suspected Taliban fighters were killed in fighting with US and Afghan forces in Kandahar province. More than 40 suspected militants were arrested.
    (AP, 9/5/05)

2005        Sep 6, Pakistan said it has sent 9,500 more troops to the border with Afghanistan to prevent infiltration by militants intent on disrupting Afghan elections later this month.
    (AP, 9/6/05)

2005        Sep 7, Hundreds of Afghan refugees attacked a UN refugee agency office in northwest Pakistan in protest at delays in repatriating them. Pakistan has ordered the closure of all refugee camps in its semi-autonomous tribal regions because of security concerns. It originally gave an August 31 deadline but it has since given them until September 15.
    (AP, 9/8/05)

2005        Sep 9, Afghan and coalition forces killed 30 enemies and captured 60 others during an operation in Grishk district of Helmand.
    (AFP, 9/10/05)

2005        Sep 10, Afghan soldiers reportedly tried to assassinate Rahim Wardak, the country's defense minister, by shooting at his convoy at Kabul's main airport. Wardak had already left his vehicle and was unhurt. Nine suspects, all soldiers, were arrested in the attack. The next day Afghanistan said the shootout was not an assassination attempt, but an internecine battle between groups of soldiers.
    (AP, 9/10/05)(WSJ, 9/12/05, p.A1)

2005        Sep 13, In Afghanistan the bodies of 7 men, killed by suspected Taliban rebels, were found in the central Afghan province of Uruzgan, along with the cards that entitled them to vote in upcoming parliamentary and provincial elections.
    (AP, 9/14/05)

2005        Sep 14, In Afghanistan about 40 gunmen attacked a police post in the mountainous Char-Chilo district of Uruzgan province. Police killed three of the attackers and arrested one after a two-hour gunbattle. A bomb exploded along a road frequently traveled by U.S.-led and Afghan army forces near Tirin Kot, the provincial capital, blowing up a civilian vehicle and killing three passengers.
    (AP, 9/15/05)

2005        Sep 15, Suspected Taliban gunmen in Helmand province shot and killed Abdul Hadi, a candidate in Afghanistan's legislative elections after dragging him from his house.
    (AP, 9/16/05)

2005        Sep 17, The UN urged Afghans to defy rebel violence and turn out in large numbers to vote in landmark legislative elections. Fierce battles near the capital and elsewhere killed nine militants and three policemen.
    (AP, 9/17/05)
2005        Sep 17, A French special forces soldier was killed and one was seriously wounded when their vehicle struck a mine while patrolling in southern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 9/18/05)

2005        Sep 18, Afghans chose a legislature for the first time in decades, embracing their newly recovered democratic rights and braving threats of Taliban attacks to cast votes in schools, tents and mosques. The turnout was reported to be a disappointing 50%. 19 polling stations were attacked by Taliban insurgents and a dozen people were killed. Women won seats in 13 of the 34 provinces. The Hazara underclass claimed 43 seats out of 249, despite being 9-13% of the population.
    (WSJ, 9/23/05, p.A1)(Econ, 9/24/05, p.17)(Econ, 10/22/05, p.46)(Econ, 2/17/07, p.45)
2005        Sep 18, In Afghanistan Abdul Rasul Sayyaf, former Saudi Arabian-backed jihadist leader and presidential advisor to Hamid Karzai, stood as a parliamentary candidate.
    (Econ, 9/17/05, p.40)

2005        Sep 20, President Hamid Karzai challenged the need for major foreign military operations in Afghanistan, saying air strikes are no longer effective and that U.S.-led coalition forces should focus on rooting out terror bases and support networks.
    (AP, 9/20/05)

2005        Sep 22, In southern Afghanistan 10 insurgents and an Afghan soldier were killed in an operation to arrest a top Taliban commander.
    (AFP, 9/23/05)

2005        Sep 25, A US Chinook helicopter crashed in remote mountains of southern Afghanistan, killing all five crew members on board.
    (AP, 9/25/05)

2005        Sep 26, A drug policy group said Afghanistan could reduce its destabilizing heroin trade by licensing an opium crop to produce medical morphine for export, but the UN dismissed the idea as unlikely to work and the government called it premature.
    (AP, 9/26/05)
2005        Sep 26, In Afghanistan 2 US troops were killed in separate militant attacks.
    (AP, 9/27/05)

2005        Sep 27, In Afghanistan Ali Ahmad Jalali, the Interior Minister, resigned and said some senior officials were involved in drugs and corruption.
    (SFC, 9/28/05, p.A14)
2005        Sep 27, An American supervisor for USPI, a Houston-based security firm, allegedly shot to death his Afghan interpreter after a quarrel. Officials said Noor Ahmad (37) was shot in the head at a compound of his employer, U.S. Protection and Investigations, at Tut village in Farah province's Gulistan district in western Afghanistan.
    (AP, 9/30/05)

2005        Sep 28, Afghan and US forces arrested Gafar, a Taliban commander suspected in bomb attacks against coalition forces, during a raid in the Andar district of Ghazni province, where he tried to conceal his identity by dressing as a woman.
    (AP, 10/1/05)
2005        Sep 28, A suspected suicide attacker detonated a bomb outside an Afghan military training center in Kabul, killing nine people and wounding 28.
    (AP, 9/28/05)
2005        Sep 28, Germany's outgoing parliament voted overwhelmingly to keep its troops in Afghanistan for another year.
    (AP, 9/28/05)

2005        Sep 29, In southern Afghanistan an attack killed one US and one Afghan soldier.
    (SSFC, 10/2/05, p.A3)

2005        Oct 1, A freelance journalist shot video of US soldiers burning the bodies of the suspected Taliban fighters in the hills outside the southern village of Gonbaz, near the former Taliban stronghold of Kandahar and taunted other Islamic militants.  On Oct 20 the US military and the Afghan government said they will investigate the TV report. The US military said such abuse would be "repugnant."
    (AP, 10/20/05)

2005        Oct 2, Afghan government forces killed 31 suspected Taliban militants near the eastern border with Pakistan. In a separate clash militants attacked a truck carrying supplies for U.S.-led coalition forces in Surobi district of eastern Paktia province, killing the truck driver. In fighting that followed, three more militants were killed and two arrested. Two Afghan army officers were wounded.
    (AP, 10/3/05)
2005        Oct 2, Afghan election officials said ballot boxes from about 4% of the country’s 26,000 polling stations were set aside for investigation on suspicion of fraud.
    (SFC, 10/3/05, p.A8)

2005        Oct 4, In Afghanistan a bomb exploded near a key crossing point on the Afghan-Pakistan border, killing three people and wounding 20. Authorities blamed Taliban insurgents.
    (AP, 10/5/05)

2005        Oct 4, Japan's Cabinet endorsed a one-year extension of the country's naval mission to support U.S.-led troops in Afghanistan, citing renewed concerns about terrorism after the recent bombings in Indonesia.
    (AP, 10/4/05)
2005        Oct 4, Pakistani security forces arrested Abdul Latif Hakimi, the chief spokesman of Afghanistan's ousted Taliban regime, describing his capture as a major blow to the Islamic militia.
    (AFP, 10/4/05)

2005        Oct 6, Coalition forces who were engaged in combat with militants opened fire on a vehicle carrying Afghan police, killing four and wounding one.
    (AP, 10/7/05)

2005        Oct 8, A 7.6-magnitude earthquake hit Kashmir near the Pakistan-India border reaching to Afghanistan. It reduced villages to rubble, triggered landslides and flattened an apartment building, killing thousands of people in India and Pakistan. Pakistani officials said the death toll ranged between nearly 20,000 and 30,000. The newly reopened "Peace Bridge" linking the Indian and Pakistani portions of disputed Kashmir nearly collapsed during the earthquake. The death toll from the quake reached 87,350. The UN estimated that 3 million people were left homeless by the earthquake.
    (AP, 10/9/05)(SSFC, 10/9/05, p.A1)(AP, 11/8/05)(Econ, 5/6/06, p.44)

2005        Oct 9, In southern Afghanistan a suicide attacker rammed a car laden with explosives into an armored vehicle carrying British government officials, wounding four of them.
    (AP, 10/9/05)
2005        Oct 9, Interfax news reported that Russia will supply Afghanistan's fledgling army with helicopters and equipment worth $30 million, more than 15 years after Moscow withdrew after a nearly decade-long war.
    (AP, 10/9/05)

2005        Oct 10, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber killed a former militia commander and two others in Kandahar. Police later thwarted a second such attack in the same city when a man blew himself up as he fled the officers.
    (AP, 10/10/05)
2005        Oct 10, In southern Afghanistan suspected Taliban rebels ambushed a police convoy traveling on a mountain road in Helmand province, killing 19 officers in the deadliest attack ever on the fledgling police force. 2 suicide bombers, one of whom was identified as an Arab, killed three people and wounded eight in Kandahar.
    (AP, 10/11/05)
2005        Oct 10, In Afghanistan US warplanes killed 10 suspected rebels in Uruzgan province.
    (AP, 10/12/05)

2005        Oct 11, In Zabul province US-led coalition and Afghan forces killed two Chechens and a Pakistani who were fighting alongside Taliban rebels.
    (AP, 10/11/05)
2005        Oct 11,     In Afghanistan suspected Taliban ambushed a convoy and killed six police.
    (AP, 10/12/05)

2005        Oct 12, In Afghanistan 5 medical workers were killed by gunmen near Kandahar. Pres. Karzai said he believes insurgents are receiving support from the nation's booming drug trade.
    (AP, 10/12/05)

2005        Oct 13, In Afghanistan Sargon Heinrich (40) of Rio Vista, Ca., head of a building company, was hauled from his boardinghouse in Kabul as Afghan agents arrested patrons there. He refused to pay a bribe for release and was charged on Nov 23 for gun-running, forged ID and refusal to cooperate with authorities. 2 Britons and an Indian faced the same plight. All 4 were released Dec 8.
    (SFC, 12/6/05, p.A8)(SFC, 12/10/05, p.A3)

2005        Oct 16, Afghanistan's election authority announced final results for two of the country's 34 provinces as hundreds of protestors blocked roads in two key cities alleging fraud in the count. Officials said election authorities have fired about 50 employees for suspected fraud in last month's legislative polls. About 3% of votes, have been taken out of the counting process because of suspicions that they were stuffed.
    (AP, 10/16/05)(AFP, 10/16/05)

2005        Oct 17, In southern Afghanistan US-led coalition forces killed four police officers after mistaking them for militants during an operation in the Maywand district of Kandahar province. Elsewhere militants shot dead a police intelligence officer as he was walking in Zabul province.
    (AP, 10/18/05)

2005        Oct 18, A former regional governor who oversaw the destruction of two massive 1,500-year-old Buddha statues during the Taliban's reign was elected to the Afghan parliament last month, officials said as results from two provinces were finalized.
    (AP, 10/18/05)

2005        Oct 20, In southern Afghanistan a car bomb exploded near a mosque killing Nafus Khan, the deputy police chief of Nimroz province, and one of his bodyguards.
    (AP, 10/21/05)

2005        Oct 21, A Taliban ambush touched off fierce fighting in southern Afghan mountains that left eight police and four rebels dead. A cultural reporter 922) with a local radio station, was killed in a bomb blast in the eastern province of Khost.
    (AP, 10/22/05)(AFP, 10/22/05)

2005        Oct 22, In Afghanistan Ali Mohaqiq Nasab was convicted after his magazine Haqooq-i-Zan, or Women's Rights, published a series of articles about Islam. One challenged a belief that Muslims who convert to other religions should be stoned to death, as sanctioned by some interpretations of Islamic Shariah law, while another criticized the practice of punishing adultery with 100 lashes. On Oct 24 the UN criticized his two-year jail sentence.
    (AP, 10/24/05)

2005        Oct 23, An earthquake destroyed homes and killed five people near Afghanistan's eastern border with Pakistan.
    (AP, 10/23/05)

2005        Oct 24, In Afghanistan rebels fired rockets at a US-led coalition convoy 10 miles south of Kabul. The rockets missed their target and instead hit 3 civilian cars, killing six Afghans.
    (AP, 10/25/05)

2005        Oct 25, In Afghanistan militants opened fire on a police vehicle near Kabul, killing two senior police officers who were teachers at a police academy.
    (AP, 10/25/05)
2005        Oct 25, American and British warplanes pounded a southern Afghan mountain, killing suspected Taliban rebels. A provincial governor said at least 6 rebels were killed and 4 wounded.
    (AP, 10/26/05)

2005        Oct 27, Afghan officials welcomed the extradition of 14 suspected Taliban members from neighboring Pakistan, saying they hoped the move would mark a new era of cooperation.
    (AP, 10/27/05)

2005        Oct 29, In Afghanistan a US paratrooper was killed after his patrol came under fire in a volatile province near the eastern border with Pakistan and a British soldier was shot to death in northern Afghanistan. Officials said at least 21 other people were killed in fighting last week.
    (AP, 10/29/05)

2005        Oct 30, The US military said 2 American soldiers have been charged with allegedly assaulting two detainees at a US-led coalition base in southern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 10/30/05)

2005        Nov 1, Japanese artist Hiro Yamagata announced plans to recreate Afghanistan's destroyed Bamiyan Buddhas using as many as 240 laser beam images, a giant project that could also bring electricity to local people.
    (AFP, 11/1/05)
2005        Nov 1, Militants ambushed police on a southern Afghan mountain and killed five officers.
    (AP, 11/2/05)

2005        Nov 2, An e-mail statement purportedly by Taliban commander Mullah Omar, urged the insurgents in Afghanistan not to end their armed struggle.
    (AP, 11/2/05)

2005        Nov 4, Mullah Omar, the fugitive leader of Afghanistan's Taliban insurgents, called on people to unite and join his ousted guerrillas in a "jihad" or holy war against US forces in the country.
    (AP, 11/6/05)
2005        Nov 4, In Afghanistan poet Nadia Anjuman (25) died in Herat. She was beaten to death, and her husband and mother were arrested. On Nov 8 the UN condemned the killing as symptom of continuing violence against Afghan women four years after the fall of the Taliban.
    (AP, 11/8/05)

2005        Nov 8, The first five-star hotel opened in Kabul, Afghanistan, part of a construction boom that is changing the face of the capital nearly 4 years after the ouster of the Taliban.
    (AP, 11/8/05)

2005        Nov 9, Rebels killed seven police officers and abducted two after ambushing them on a road in southern Afghanistan. The bodies of two villagers, abducted 2 days earlier, were found beheaded.
    (AP, 11/10/05)

2005        Nov 11, In  Afghanistan a Pakistani-owned plane carrying cargo for the US-led coalition crashed into mountains near Kabul, killing at least eight people.
    (AP, 11/11/05)
2005        Nov 11, In Afghanistan militants pulled Namatullah Yusuf Zai, a deputy provincial governor, from his car and shot him dead. Militants also killed a former district chief while he prayed in a mosque in Helmand province.
    (AP, 11/12/05)

2005        Nov 12, The results of Afghanistan's landmark legislative elections in September were finalized after eight weeks of counting slowed by allegations of fraud, and observers said supporters of President Hamid Karzai appeared to be in the majority.
    (AP, 11/12/05)
2005        Nov 12, In Dhaka, Bangladesh, a 2-day summit aimed to alleviate poverty and boost trade and cooperation among Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, the Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) leaders called for greater cooperation within the region to deal with the aftermath of disasters like the Kashmir earthquake and last year's devastating tsunami. SAARC agreed to accept Afghanistan as its 8th member.
    (AFP, 11/12/05)(Econ, 11/19/05, p.44)

2005        Nov 13, In Bangladesh Indian PM Manmohan Singh told the closing session of the 13th South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation summit that Afghanistan is to join SAARC.
    (AFP, 11/13/05)

2005        Nov 14, In Afghanistan 2 separate suicide attackers rammed cars laden with explosives into vehicles belonging to NATO-led peacekeepers in Kabul, killing at least one German soldier, 7 Afghans and wounding 11 other people.
    (AP, 11/14/05)(WSJ, 11/16/05, p.A1)

2005        Nov 15, A bomb exploded near US and Afghan troops as they patrolled in volatile eastern Afghanistan, killing a U.S. soldier and wounding another.
    (AP, 11/15/05)
2005        Nov 15, In Afghanistan air strikes killed three al-Qaida suspects in Kunar province.
    (AP, 11/17/05)

2005        Nov 16, Afghan Defense Minister Rahim Wardak said Osama bin Laden's al-Qaida network has increased its activities in Afghanistan, smuggling in explosives, high-tech weapons and millions of dollars in cash for a resurgent terror campaign.
    (AP, 11/16/05)
2005        Nov 16, A suicide bomber rammed a car laden with explosives into a convoy carrying Westerners in the main southern city of Kandahar, killing three Afghan civilians and wounding four others.
    (AP, 11/16/05)

2005        Nov 18, In Afghanistan a Portuguese soldier was killed and three others were wounded when an explosion struck their vehicles outside Kabul.
    (AP, 11/18/05)

2005        Nov 22, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb tore through an American armored vehicle, killing a U.S. soldier and an Afghan interpreter. Militants near Kabul shot and killed an Afghan working as the head of security for a Turkish construction company. Villagers found the body of Maniappan Raman Kutty, a kidnapped Indian, who had almost been decapitated, in Nimroz province's Dilaram district.
    (AP, 11/23/05)

2005        Nov 23, Suspected Taliban militants shot to death three Afghan police, a day after a roadside bombing killed a US service member in the same Uruzgan province.
    (AP, 11/24/05)
2005        Nov 23, A UN report said cultivation of opium poppies decreased in Afghanistan this year for the first time since 2001, a success that saw one in every five farmers abandon the drug-producing plant for legal crops.
    (AP, 11/24/05)
2005        Nov 23, A NATO official said Uzbekistan has told NATO allies they can no longer use its territory or airspace to support peacekeeping missions in neighboring Afghanistan.
    (AP, 11/23/05)

2005        Nov 25, In Afghanistan a Swedish soldier died from wounds suffered in a roadside bomb blast. He was one of 4 wounded by the blast in Mazar-e-Sharif.
    (AP, 11/26/05)

2005        Nov 26, The US military said 4 US soldiers face disciplinary action for burning the bodies of two Taliban rebels, but they will not be charged with crimes because their actions were motivated by hygienic concerns.
    (AP, 11/26/05)
2005        Nov 26, Afghanistan’s defense ministry said troops foiled a bomb attack in Kabul with the arrest of six suspected militants and their explosives-packed vehicle.
    (AFP, 11/26/05)
2005        Nov 26, Suspected Taliban militants burned down a district police headquarters and abducted four officers.
    (AP, 11/26/05)

2005        Dec 1, The US government signed an agreement in Kabul committing itself to grants over five years for development in war-ravaged Afghanistan that could amount to about five billion dollars.
    (AFP, 12/01/05)

2005        Dec 1, Hamza Rabia, one of al-Qaida's top five leaders, a key associate of Ayman al-Zawahri, was tracked down with U.S. help and killed by Pakistani security forces in a rocket attack near the Afghan border.
    (AP, 12/03/05)

2005        Dec 2, In southern Afghanistan a remote-controlled bomb ripped through a vehicle killing a district government chief and two police officers and wounding three others.
    (AP, 12/03/05)

2005        Dec 4, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber detonated explosives on a street in the southern city of Kandahar, killing himself and a civilian and wounding two passers-by.
    (AP, 12/04/05)

2005        Dec 6, Afghan government forces killed nine Taliban insurgents and arrested six others in a raid on a rebel camp in a volatile southern province.
    (AP, 12/06/05)

2005        Dec 7, An Afghan court cleared an American, but convicted two Britons and an Indian of gun-smuggling charges and gave them two-year suspended sentences, following a one-day trial that one of them called a "circus." Sargon Heinrich of Rio Vista, Cal., Naveen Joshi of India and Peter Eaton and Mike Shaw, both of Britain, had been jailed since their Oct. 13 arrests.
    (AP, 12/07/05)

2005        Dec 8, In Afghanistan the election board certified Pres. Karzai’s 34 appointees for the upper house of parliament. The 1st meeting of parliament was scheduled for Dec. 19.
    (SFC, 12/9/05, p.A17)
2005        Dec 8, NATO foreign ministers approved plans to send up to 6,000 troops into southern Afghanistan, a major expansion of the alliance's peacekeeping mission into some of the most dangerous parts of the country.
    (AP, 12/08/05)

2005        Dec 9, Afghanistan welcomed NATO's decision to expand its peacekeeping mission, saying it would boost security, while the Taliban said more alliance troops would only increase opportunities for guerrillas to attack them.
    (AP, 12/09/05)
2005        Dec 9-2005 Dec 10, In southern Afghanistan Taliban fighters attacked two police posts, with eight policemen and six attackers killed in the ensuing battles.
    (AFP, 12/10/05)

2005        Dec 11, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber set off explosives near a US and Afghan military convoy in the southern city of Kandahar, killing himself and wounding three civilians.
    (AP, 12/11/05)

2005        Dec 14, In northern Afghanistan a suicide bomber blew himself up near Mazar-e-Sharif, the capital of Balkh province. In Faizabad a donkey carrying a land mine exploded near a foreign aid agency's car.
    (AP, 12/14/05)

2005        Dec 15, In southern Afghanistan a US soldier was killed and another wounded in a firefight with insurgents.
    (AP, 12/15/05)

2005        Dec 15, NATO's top operational commander said drugs are a greater security threat in Afghanistan than a Taliban resurgence, despite a rise in attacks blamed on remnants of the hard-line Islamic regime and their al-Qaida allies.
    (AP, 12/15/05)

2005        Dec 17, In southern Afghanistan men on a motorcycle opened fire on students leaving school in Lashkargah, killing a pupil and a janitor.
    (AP, 12/17/05)
2005        Dec 17, In southern Afghanistan 4 policemen and 3 suspected Taliban fighters were killed and an Afghan interpreter were wounded in attacks.
    (AFP, 12/18/05)

2005        Dec 19, Afghanistan inaugurated its first popularly elected parliament in more than three decades, a major step toward democracy following the ouster of the hardline Taliban.
    (AP, 12/19/05)

2005        Dec 20, The Pentagon said US troop levels in Afghanistan will be reduced by about 3,500 next spring, thanks to increased NATO forces and a growing Afghan army.
    (AP, 12/20/05)

2005        Dec 21, Afghan President Hamid Karzai said the coming reduction in US troop levels should have no harmful effect on Afghanistan's security.
    (AP, 12/21/05)

2005        Dec 22, The Dutch government said it planned to send up to 1,400 additional troops to Afghanistan for expanded NATO peacekeeping.
    (AP, 12/22/05)

2005        Dec 24, A land mine exploded on a highway in southern Afghanistan, killing four suspected Taliban insurgents as they tried to plant the explosive on the road.
    (AP, 12/25/05)

2005        Dec 26, The US military gave details of its planned troop reduction in Afghanistan, saying the total number would shrink by some 2,500 from the current 19,000 under a routine troop rotation due very soon.
    (AFP, 12/26/05)

2005        Dec 28, A remote-control bomb exploded on a mountainous road in eastern Afghanistan, killing one US service member and wounding two.
    (AP, 12/28/05)

2005        Dec 29, Two suspected Taliban suicide bombers died when explosives they were strapping to their bodies exploded prematurely in southern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 12/29/05)
2005        Dec 29, Suspected Taliban rebels detonated a mine near a police checkpoint in southern Afghanistan, killing four Afghan police officers and wounding seven.
    (AP, 12/30/05)

2005        Dec, The government of Afghanistan suspended the so-called “assassination clause," a decree that said MPs who die in office should be replaced by the candidate who came in 2nd on the original ballot.
    (Econ, 1/7/06, p.39)

2005        Said Hyder Akbar and Susan Burton authored “Come Back to Afghanistan: A California Teenager’s Story."
    (SSFC, 11/13/05, p.M1)
2005        Kathy Gannon, Canadian journalist, authored “I Is for Infidel: From Holy War to Holy Terror: 18 Years Inside Afghanistan."
    (SSFC, 9/11/05, p.F1)
2005        Nelofer Pazira authored “A Bed of Red Flowers: In Search of My Afghanistan." Her memoir covered the Afghan resistance from 1979 to 1992.
    (SSFC, 9/11/05, p.F1)

2005        Afghanistan earned $2.7 billion from opium exports, 52% of its GDP of $5.2 billion. Government revenues stood at $260 million.
    (WSJ, 1/18/06, p.A1)(Econ, 2/4/06, p.38)

2006        Jan 2, The Afghan government said it has ordered the US Embassy, the UN and other organizations to remove security barriers that are blocking streets in Afghanistan's capital and causing traffic jams.
    (AP, 1/2/06)
2006        Jan 2, In Afghanistan a suspected suicide bomber detonated explosives in a car near a US military convoy in the southern city of Kandahar, killing himself and wounding an American soldier and two passers-by. Suspected Taliban gunmen killed an Afghan aid worker who was praying in a mosque in southern Afghanistan. A policeman was killed in a separate firefight with militants.
    (AP, 1/2/06)(AFP, 1/3/06)

2006        Jan 3, Armed men beheaded a teacher in the central Afghan town of Qalat, the latest in a string of attacks against educators at schools where girls study. Officials blamed Taliban militants.
    (AP, 1/4/06)

2006        Jan 5, In Afghanistan a suicide attacker in Kandahar detonated explosives strapped to his body during a visit by the US ambassador, killing 10 Afghans and wounding 50.
    (AP, 1/5/06)

2006        Jan 7, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb blew up as a van packed with police cadets and trainers was driving through the eastern city of Jalalabad, killing a passer-by and wounding a police colonel and driver.
    (AP, 1/7/06)
2006        Jan 7, Cross border firing at a Pakistani village near the Afghan border killed eight people in Saidgi village. Pakistan protested the incident to the US military.
    (AP, 1/9/06)

2006        Jan 8, In Afghanistan suspected Taliban gunmen burned down a primary school in the southern city of Kandahar, the latest in a spate of attacks against teachers and institutions that educate girls.
    (AP, 1/8/06)

2006        Jan 9, Taliban leader Mullah Omar purportedly warned of a coming surge in violence, clearly rejecting the Afghan president's proposal a day earlier to "get in touch" if he wants to talk peace.
    (AP, 1/9/06)

2006        Jan 10, Australia said it will send an extra 110 troops to Afghanistan to bolster the fight against Islamist militants, increasing its presence in the country to about 300.
    (AP, 1/10/06)

2006        Jan 14, In Afghanistan gunmen killed Mohammed Khaksar, a former Taliban leader. He had renounced the hard-line Islamic regime after it was ousted in late 2001 and had since supported Afghanistan's U.S.-backed government.
    (AP, 1/14/06)

2006        Jan 15, In southern Afghanistan a suicide car bomb hit a Canadian military convoy, killing three civilians, including a Canadian diplomat.
    (AP, 1/15/06)

2006        Jan 16, A suicide bomber on a motorbike drove up to a crowd watching a wrestling match in Spin Boldak, an Afghan border town, killing 23 people and wounding at least 30 others. A bomb hit a convoy of Afghan army trucks loaded with troops as they were driving through Kandahar, killing four people and wounding 16.
    (AP, 1/16/06)(SSFC, 7/30/06, p.A18)

2006        Jan 21, Afghanistan formally approved a five-year development plan, the Afghanistan Compact, to be presented to its international supporters at a key conference in London at the end of this month.
    (AP, 1/21/06)
2006        Jan 21, In Afghanistan a local police chief was killed in a suspected Taliban ambush in Ghazni province.
    (AP, 1/22/06)

2006        Jan 22, An Afghan boy and four men, including staff of a US security firm, were freed after being briefly kidnapped by Taliban rebels.
    (AP, 1/22/06)
2006        Jan 22, In Afghanistan 7 Taliban rebels escaped from Policharki Prison, the main high-security prison outside Kabul. 10 prison guards suspected of aiding the escape were arrested.
    (AP, 1/24/06)

2006        Jan 26, In eastern Afghanistan a rocket killed two police officers during a battle with Taliban rebels in Paktika province.
    (AP, 1/26/06)
2006        Jan 26, Britain said it will send at least another 4,000 troops, four times its current deployment, to Afghanistan in coming months as a NATO mission expands into a dangerous region rife with Taliban and al-Qaida insurgents.
    (AP, 1/26/06)

2006        Jan 31, Envoys from nearly 70 nations and international bodies vowed to maintain their financial support for Afghanistan, which is still plagued by violence and poverty more than four years after the fall of the Taliban.
    (AP, 1/31/06)

2006        Feb 1, A provincial governor said avalanches in northeast Afghanistan have killed at least 18 people and destroyed dozens of homes in the past week.
    (AP, 2/1/06)
2006        Feb 1, In eastern Afghanistan a suicide bomber disguised as a woman blew himself up at an army checkpoint, killing five Afghans and wounding four.
    (AP, 2/2/06)

2006        Feb 3, In southern Afghanistan fierce fighting involving US warplanes and Afghan troops left at least 16 Taliban rebels and three police dead.
    (AP, 2/3/06)

2006        Feb 4, About 250 Afghan forces fought more than 200 rebels in the area's fiercest fighting in months. At least 19 people were killed in Afghanistan and Pakistan.
    (AP, 2/4/06)
2006        Feb 4, In Afghanistan a land mine ripped through a police vehicle, killing six officers and wounding four in Kandahar.
    (AP, 2/5/06)

2006        Feb 5, In Afghanistan 172 Taliban and other Islamist fighters surrendered as part of a government amnesty scheme, vowing to lay down arms and work to rebuild the country.
    (AFP, 2/5/06)

2006        Feb 6, Afghan security forces opened fire on demonstrators, leaving at least four dead, as increasingly violent protests erupted around the world over published caricatures of Islam's Prophet Muhammad. European and Muslim politicians pleaded for calm.
    (AP, 2/6/06)
2006        Feb 6, A US soldier was killed when his patrol came under attack in central Afghanistan while a militant was killed in a separate incident in the east.
    (AP, 2/6/06)

2006        Feb 7, In southern Afghanistan a suspected suicide bomber blew up a guard post outside police headquarters in Kandahar, killing 13 people and wounded 11.
    (AP, 2/7/06)
2006        Feb 7, In western Afghanistan a Turkish engineer, an Indian national and their driver were killed when a bomb struck their vehicle.
     (AFP, 2/7/06)
2006        Feb 7, NATO peacekeepers exchanged fire with protesters who attacked their base in the second straight day of violent demonstrations in Afghanistan over the publication of caricatures of the Prophet Muhammad. One demonstrator was killed and dozens wounded.
    (AP, 2/7/06)

2006        Feb 8, Afghanistan lauded a decision by the United States, Russia and Germany to cancel its debts to the three countries, totaling more than $10 billion.
    (AP, 2/8/06)
2006        Feb 8, In Afghan police shot four protesters to death to stop hundreds from marching on a southern US military base, as Islamic organizations called for an end to deadly rioting across the Muslim world over drawings of the Prophet Muhammad.
    (AP, 2/8/06)

2006        Feb 9, In Afghanistan hundreds of Shiite Muslims and Sunnis clashed in Herat during an important Shiite festival, exchanging fire, hurling grenades and burning mosques. At least five people were killed and 51 injured.
    (AP, 2/9/06)

2006        Feb 10, In Afghanistan 8 soldiers were killed in an area NATO peacekeepers were set to enter.
    (WSJ, 2/11/06, p.A1)

2006        Feb 13, A bomb hit a US military vehicle in central Afghanistan, killing four American troops.
    (AP, 2/13/06)

2006        Feb 15, Afghan President Hamid Karzai pressed his Pakistani counterpart on to root out militants Afghanistan claims have launched a spate of recent cross-border suicide bombings.
    (AP, 2/15/06)
2006        Feb 15, The beheaded bodies of two Afghan intelligence agents were found dumped in western Afghanistan as the first of thousands of British troop reinforcements arrived in the south. The intelligence agents had been captured in Farah province two days ago by suspected remnants of the Taliban.
    (AFP, 2/15/06)
2006        Feb 15, Pakistan deported nearly 600 Afghans who had been jailed in the southern city of Karachi for up to six months on charges of illegal immigration.
    (AP, 2/15/06)

2006        Feb 16, In Afghanistan the bodies of two Italian aid workers were found in a guarded compound in Kabul. The Italian news agency ANSA said the two could have died from carbon monoxide poisoning from a defective stove in the compound.
    (AP, 2/16/06)

2006        Feb 19, In southern Afghanistan Taliban rebels attacked a police checkpost in insurgency-hit, killing three policemen.
    (AFP, 2/19/06)

2006        Feb 22, In northern Afghanistan a bomb exploded near a NATO peacekeeping convoy, killing one Afghan civilian and wounding 12 people.
    (AP, 2/22/06)

2006        Feb 24, In Afghanistan Canadian troops officially took over the fight on the front lines of Kandahar province from their American allies.
    (CP, 2/24/06)

2006        Feb 25, An Afghan court found Asadullah Sarwari (64), a communist-era intelligence chief, guilty of ordering hundreds of killings and sentenced him to death.
    (AP, 2/25/06)
2006        Feb 25, In Afghanistan hundreds of inmates, including convicted al-Qaida and Taliban militants, waving knives and wielding clubs made from furniture overpowered guards and took control of parts of Policharki Prison, a high-security prison in Kabul.
    (AP, 2/26/06)

2006        Feb 26, Sixty former Taliban, including 5 high-ranking figures, surrendered as part of a government amnesty scheme and vowed to lay down arms and work to rebuild Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 2/26/06)

2006        Feb 27, In Afghanistan security forces backed by tanks and heavy guns surrounded Kabul's notorious Policharki Prison as authorities negotiated with rioting prisoners controlling most of the facility. A government negotiator said four inmates were killed during the rebellion blamed on al-Qaida and Taliban militants. Officials had forced prisoners to wear uniforms following the escape of 7 Taliban inmates. This sparked a four-day riot that left six inmates dead and 40 injured. In April 2 of the escapees were captured in Bulgaria and 2 in Uzbekistan.
    (AP, 2/27/06)(AP, 5/15/06)

2006        Feb 27, In Afghanistan kidnappers freed one of two Nepalese abducted earlier this month outside Kabul. The second died of an illness in captivity, and his body was released.
    (AP, 2/28/06)

2006        Feb 28, In Afghan police fired at inmates trying to push down a gate at Kabul's main jail as about 2,000 prisoners resumed rioting after a 24-hour pause in violence. One inmate died and three were wounded in the renewed fighting. A US soldier was killed by an IED.
    (AP, 2/28/06)(WSJ, 3/1/06, p.A1)

2006        Mar 1, President Bush, on an unannounced visit to Afghanistan, vowed to stand by this emerging democracy and "not cut and run" in the face of rising violence. He also predicted Osama bin Laden would be captured despite a futile five-year hunt.
    (AP, 3/1/06)
2006        Mar 1, A senior official said authorities have regained control of Afghanistan's Policharki prison after four days of rioting allegedly sparked by al-Qaida and Taliban convicts. 6 inmates were killed in the revolt.
    (AP, 3/1/06)

2006        Mar 4, A bomb killed four Afghan intelligence agents when it blew up under their vehicle as they were driving near the southern provincial capital of Lashkargah in Helmand province.
    (AP, 3/4/06)
2006        Mar 4, In Afghanistan Taliban militia fatally shot Mohammad Hashim, a UN engineer, in the Bala Buluk district of Farah province, where he was doing rural rehabilitation work.
    (AP, 3/6/06)
2006        Mar 4, The French the defense ministry said a French special forces officer was killed in clashes with Taliban forces in southern Afghanistan. This was the second French soldier to be killed in action in Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 3/4/06)

2006        Mar 6, In comments aimed at Afghanistan's leader, Pakistan President Pervez Musharraf said that the "bad-mouthing" of his country must stop and that Pakistani officials have caught terrorists "and will continue to do so."
    (AP, 3/6/06)

2006        Mar 8, In eastern Afghanistan suspected Taliban rebels hiding in a walled compound battled with security forces, and a militant and a woman were killed.
    (AP, 3/9/06)

2006        Mar 9, In Afghanistan’s Helmand province a roadside bomb killed two Afghan soldiers when it hit their convoy.
    (AP, 3/11/06)

2006        Mar 11, In Afghanistan’s Helmand province the bodies of 2 policemen, kidnapped from their homes a day earlier, were found beheaded and dumped in the desert. A roadside bomb hit a police patrol in Helmand's Nad Ali district, killing a policeman and wounding five others.
    (AP, 3/11/06)

2006        Mar 12, In eastern Afghanistan a roadside bomb exploded as a US armored vehicle drove by, killing four American service members. In Kabul a suicide car bomb exploded into the convoy of an Afghan politician leading reconciliation efforts with the Taliban militia, injuring him and killing four other people.
    (AP, 3/12/06)

2006        Mar 13, Abdul Rahim Wardak, Afghanistan's defense minister, said the national army will be fully operational within four to five years and ready to take over more responsibility for security from international troops.
    (Reuters, 3/13/06)
2006        Mar 13, A UN agency said bird flu has been found at two sites in Afghanistan and there's a high risk that tests could prove it to be the deadly H5N1 strain.
    (AP, 3/13/06)

2006        Mar 14, Afghanistan's president demanded greater cooperation from Pakistan in the fight against terrorism following claims the neighboring country has been supporting militant attacks here. Islamabad criticized the remarks and said Afghanistan must do more to battle terrorism.
    (AP, 3/14/06)
2006        Mar 14, A spokesman said NATO peacekeepers in northern Afghanistan had found the biggest weapons cache in recent years including 80 tons of TNT and 25,000 landmines. The weapons were stored underground in old Soviet bunkers.
    (Reuters, 3/14/06)

2006        Mar 15, Afghan authorities said preliminary test results from a U.N. lab left them "99 percent certain" that the country's first bird flu outbreak was the deadly H5N1 strain.
    (AP, 3/15/06)

2006        Mar 16, The Afghanistan government said lab tests have confirmed the first outbreak of the deadly H5N1 strain of bird flu.
    (AP, 3/16/06)
2006        Mar 16, In Afghanistan the trial of Abdul Rahman (41) began. He was arrested last month after his family accused him of becoming a Christian. Judge Ansarullah Mawlavezada said Rahman was charged with rejecting Islam and could be sentenced to death for converting from Islam to Christianity, a crime under the country's Islamic laws.
    (AP, 3/19/06)

2006        Mar 17, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb hit a convoy carrying the bodies of four men believed to be kidnapped Macedonians, a day after the remains were recovered. Five police were killed and three wounded.
    (AP, 3/17/06)

2006        Mar 18, In Afghanistan at least nine policemen, a former governor, his four companions and a security guard were killed in separate attacks in Afghanistan blamed on the Taliban.
    (AFP, 3/18/06)

2006        Mar 19, In southern Afghanistan a suicide car bomber was killed when he rammed his vehicle into a coalition convoy.
    (AP, 3/19/06)

2006        Mar 21, Afghan security forces attacked a group of suspected Taliban rebels after they crossed the border into Kandahar from neighboring Pakistan, killing at least 17 of them. 4 suspected Taliban rebels were killed by Afghan military forces in neighboring Uruzgan province.
    (AFP, 3/22/06)(SSFC, 7/30/06, p.A18)

2006        Mar 23, In southern Afghanistan a police chief was killed by his own guard. Coalition forces announced the killing of six Taliban members in Oruzgan province.
    (AP, 3/23/06)
2006        Mar 23, In central Afghanistan a huge explosion ripped through a depot of confiscated munitions in a depot in the Jabalussaraj district of Parwan province, killing two people and injuring 45, and damaging scores of houses. Initial investigations indicated the blast was caused by a spark from an electric cable.
    (AP, 3/24/06)

2006        Mar 25, Afghan and US troops backed by American aircraft fought suspected Taliban in southern Afghanistan, leaving one US service member and seven militants dead.
    (AP, 3/25/06)

2006        Mar 26, An Afghan court dismissed a case against Abdul Rahman, who converted from Islam to Christianity because of a lack of evidence. Officials said he will be released soon.
    (AP, 3/26/06)

2006        Mar 27, Abdul Rahman, an Afghan man who had faced the death penalty for converting from Islam to Christianity, quickly vanished after he was released from prison, apparently out of fear for his life with Muslim clerics still demanding his death.
    (AP, 3/28/06)
2006        Mar 27, Officials said a roadside bombing killed three villagers and wounded two when it blew up their car in southern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 3/27/06)

2006        Mar 28, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb blew up a vehicle carrying Afghan army soldiers, killing six of them.
    (AP, 3/28/06)

2006        Mar 29, Afghanistan's parliament demanded that the government prevent a man who faced the death penalty for abandoning Islam for Christianity from being able to flee the country. Italy granted asylum to Abdul Rahman (41) and the Foreign Ministry said he would arrive there "soon," maybe within the day.
    (AP, 3/29/06)
2006        Mar 29, In southern Afghanistan militants attacked a coalition forces base, sparking a battle that killed 32 suspected Taliban militants. Friendly fire was later suspected in the deaths of one American and one Canadian soldier.
    (AP, 3/29/06)(WSJ, 4/5/06, p.A1)

2006        Mar 30, In eastern Afghanistan suspected Taliban militants killed a district chief and three of his staff in an ambush. In the south rebels killed a police commander and his brother.
    (AP, 3/30/06)

2006        Mar 31, A provincial governor said Afghan authorities have detained a border police commander from the Achakzai tribe accused in the killings of 17 Pakistanis on March 21. Taliban insurgents raided several police posts in Helmand province and six of the attackers were killed. A suicide car-bomber was killed when he blew himself up as he tried to ram his vehicle into an Afghan army convoy in Kandahar province.
    (AP, 3/31/06)(Reuters, 3/31/06)(SSFC, 7/30/06, p.A18)

2006        Apr 1, In eastern Afghanistan a roadside bomb wounded five US troops when it hit their vehicle. A suicide attack on a US-led coalition convoy in the country's south killed the bomber but hurt no one else. In southern Afghanistan a Taliban rebel posing as a traveler shot dead four policemen at a remote checkpoint after eating dinner with them and sleeping in their quarters. A fifth officer shot the rebel dead.
    (AP, 4/1/06)(AP, 4/2/06)

2006        Apr 2, In Afghanistan suspected Taliban militants shot dead 9 policemen and wounded three others. Insurgents fatally shot a Turkish road engineer and burned his body in Nimroz province.
    (AP, 4/2/06)(WSJ, 4/3/06, p.A1)

2006        Apr 5, In Afghanistan coalition forces killed an insurgent and dropped 2,000-pound bombs on a band of Taliban.
    (AP, 4/6/06)

2006        Apr 6, A mortar blast near the main US military base in Afghanistan left a civilian dead.
    (AP, 4/6/06)

2006        Apr 8, In western Afghanistan a suicide car bomb outside a NATO military base in Herat city killed two Afghans and wounded seven others.
    (AP, 4/8/06)

2006        Apr 9, In Afghan 2 bombs exploded within minutes of each other in Kandahar, wounding 11 people.
    (AP, 4/9/06)

2006        Apr 10, In northwestern Afghanistan gunmen killed five medical workers, while two policemen and a truck driver transporting food for US-led coalition troops were slain in bombings and shootings in a southern Taliban stronghold.
    (AP, 4/10/06)

2006        Apr 11, In eastern Afghanistan a rocket slammed into a packed school yard near a US-led coalition base, killing seven children and wounding 34 other people. Police blamed Taliban militants for the explosion at the Salabagh School in Asadabad, Kunar province.
    (AP, 4/11/06)

2006        Apr 14, In southern Afghanistan a suicide car bomber rammed a British military convoy and 3 soldiers were wounded. More than 3,000 British troops had moved into Helmand province as part of a NATO mission to expand its presence there. They planned to train Afghan forces, operating from a new $80 million army barracks, to hunt druglords and destroy opium stockpiles. A bomb planted by Taliban militants hit a government convoy in the east of the country near the town of Khost, killing three policemen and injuring two others.
    (AFP, 4/14/06)(Econ, 2/4/06, p.38)
2006        Apr 14, Afghan security forces backed by coalition helicopters attacked a suspected Taliban hideout in southern Afghanistan, setting off an intense gunbattle that killed 41 rebels. It was later reported that Afghan police may have been killed by the US-led coalition forces.
    (AP, 4/15/06)(AP, 4/17/06)

2006        Apr 15, Taliban fighters simultaneously attacked two police checkpoints on a southern Afghan highway, and up to 14 militants were killed or wounded in the ensuing gunbattle. Suspected Taliban attacked coalition and Afghan army troops with small arms and rocket-propelled grenades in central Uruzgan province, sparking a gunbattle that killed three attackers. Suspected Taliban shot and killed a district administrator in Helmand province. US-led coalition forces using warplanes and artillery clashed with a small band of militants holed up in a house and a cave complex in Kunar province in fighting that killed seven Afghan civilians and wounded three. The US airstrike aimed at militants in eastern Kunar province mistakenly killed seven civilians.
    (AP, 4/16/06)(AP, 4/15/07)

2006        Apr 17, Afghan and US soldiers killed five militants during Operation Mountain Lion targeting Taliban and al-Qaida fighters in a volatile eastern region near Pakistan. Some 6,000 mainly British, Canadian and Dutch troops have started moving into the rebellious southern provinces.
    (AP, 4/18/06)

2006        Apr 20, Suspected Taliban militants killed six Afghan policemen in Afghanistan's volatile south and burned four of their bodies. US military said a soldier was killed in a clash while inspecting a weapons cache in the central Uruzgan province's district of Dihrawud.
    (AP, 4/21/06)

2006        Apr 22, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb exploded as a Canadian armored vehicle drove by, killing four soldiers.
    (AP, 4/22/06)

2006        Apr 23, Afghan security forces surrounded Taliban fighters hiding in a village in southern Ghazni province, launching a gunbattle that killed at least three militants and a police officer. Another policeman was killed and two others were wounded in the Shah Wali Kot district of Kandahar province when suspected Taliban militants attacked a road construction company.
    (AP, 4/23/06)

2006        Apr 24, In Afghanistan a US-leased Antonov-32 plane carrying counternarcotics officials crashed into a nomad settlement while trying to avoid a truck on a runway during landing. 2 Ukrainian crewmen were killed along with 3 people on the ground, including 2 girls sleeping in their homes. In southern Afghanistan US-led coalition warplanes bombed a suspected Taliban camp in Helmand province, killing 3 insurgents. 5 more militants and one policeman died in a gunbattle in the Miana Shien district.
    (AFP, 4/24/06)(AP, 4/25/06)(WSJ, 4/25/06, p.A1)

2006        Apr 28, Afghan President Hamid Karzai urged Taliban militants to end the violence raging across the country and join forces with the new government to help Afghanistan's reconstruction. NATO foreign ministers reaffirmed the alliance's readiness to nearly double its peacekeeping operations in Afghanistan, where violence is increasing.
    (AP, 4/28/06)

2006        Apr 29, Afghan security forces clashed with Taliban militants hiding in a cave complex in the southern Helmand province, killing 11 insurgents after militants killed three policemen and wounded another in an ambush. An Afghan cell phone company confirmed that an Indian contractor was being held hostage by the Taliban. Afghan soldiers and police attacked a Taliban camp co miles north of Lashkar Gah and killed at least 2 militants.
    (AP, 4/30/06)(SSFC, 4/30/06, p.A3)

2006        Apr 30, In Afghanistan Edward Caraballo (44), an American jailed for two years in Kabul on charges of torturing alleged terrorists in a makeshift jail, was freed two months early after a government decree. Police found an Indian hostage's beheaded body in southern Afghanistan. Taliban militants said they shot the hostage dead as he tried to escape.
    (AP, 4/30/06)

2006        Apr, In Afghanistan delegates gathered in Kabul for a discussion on new information and communications technology. Invitations to the conference were sent on a Morse telegraph system.
    (Econ, 5/20/06, p.45)

2006        May 2, A suspected suicide attacker set off a car bomb on a road between the Afghan capital Kabul and a main US military base, killing himself and a civilian.
    (AFP, 5/2/06)

2006        May 3, In western Afghanistan suspected Taliban gunmen killed a judge.
    (AP, 5/3/06)

2006        May 4, Britain took command of NATO's Afghan peacekeeping force as a tide of violence raised apprehension about the alliance's planned takeover of security duties across the country from US forces.
    (AP, 5/4/06)
2006        May 4, Afghan warlord Gulbuddin Hekmatyar pledged fealty to al Qaeda. He controlled a large network in eastern Afghanistan.
    (WSJ, 5/5/06, p.A1)

2006        May 5, In eastern Afghanistan a US-led coalition military transport helicopter crashed while conducting combat operations, killing all 10 American soldiers on board. The CH-47 Chinook crashed while on a mission in support of Operation Mountain Lion, an offensive to root out Taliban and al-Qaida militants near the border with Pakistan.
    (AP, 5/6/06)
2006        May 5, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed two Italian soldiers and wounded four as they were traveling to help Afghan police hurt in an attack near Kabul.
    (AP, 5/5/06)

2006        May 7, Taliban militia fighters ambushed a police patrol in southern Afghanistan, sparking an hour-long gunbattle that killed two policemen and one attacker.
    (AP, 5/8/06)

2006        May 8, In Afghanistan US airstrikes on a cave complex near Afghanistan's border with Pakistan killed four Taliban militants and destroyed a truck loaded with rockets.
    (AP, 5/8/06)

2006        May 12, In western Afghanistan militants fired a rocket at a car carrying Unicef workers killing 2 Afghans and wounding a third.
    (WSJ, 5/13/06, p.A1)

2006        May 16, Militants attacked a police post and a government office near Afghanistan's rugged eastern border with Pakistan and a gunbattle killed four people and wounded seven.
    (AP, 5/16/06)

2006        May 17-2006 May 18, Some of the fiercest violence since the Taliban's 2001 ouster erupted across Afghanistan, with coalition forces engaging in multiple firefights, two suicide car bombs and a massive rebel assault on a small village. Up to 105 people were killed. An attack on a police and government headquarters in the town of Musa Qala in Helmand province sparked eight hours of clashes with security forces. Mullah Dadullah, the Taliban’s operational commander, claimed control of 20 districts in southern Afghanistan with 12,000 fighters.
    (AP, 5/18/06)(Econ, 7/8/06, p.22)

2006        May 18, In western Afghanistan a suicide car bomber rammed into two vehicles carrying foreigners, killing an American working on a counter-narcotics project and wounding two other people. A female Canadian soldier, army Captain Nichola Goddard, was killed in Kandahar.
    (AP, 5/18/06)(AFP, 5/19/06)(WSJ, 5/19/06, p.A1)

2006        May 19, Gunbattles in Helmand province killed at least 6 militants and one Afghan soldier. A US soldier was killed in Uruzgan province.
    (AP, 5/20/06)
2006        May 19, In southern Turkey a truck carrying illegal immigrants from Afghanistan and Bangladesh crashed into a parked transport truck, killing at least 40 people.
    (AP, 5/19/06)

2006        May 20, In southern Afghanistan one French and 16 Afghan soldiers were killed and about 40 other troops were wounded in two firefights as rebels ambushed two Afghan army convoys and US forces. At least 9 Taliban militants were killed in the battle in Sangin district. 2 French special forces troops were killed in neighboring Kandahar province.
    (AP, 5/21/06)
2006        May 20, Irish police removed Afghan hunger-strikers from a Dublin cathedral, where some 40 protesters gathered on May 15 demanding asylum and warning they would kill themselves if officers came near.
    (AP, 5/21/06)

2006        May 21, In Afghanistan a car bomb exploded on a busy road in Kabul, killing the driver of the car and two civilians.
    (AP, 5/21/06)

2006        May 22, A US-led coalition said nighttime airstrike against Taliban rebels in a southern Afghan village killed up to 80 suspected militants. The local governor said 16 civilians were killed and 16 wounded in Azizi in Kandahar province.
    (AP, 5/22/06)

2006        May 23, In Afghanistan Pres. Hamid Karzai ordered an investigation into US airstrikes on a village that killed at least 16 civilians and asked to meet with the US commander of forces. A land mine blew up under a vehicle carrying a team of Afghan health workers, killing a doctor, two nurses and their driver.
    (AP, 5/23/06)

2006        May 24, In Afghanistan clashes left at least 24 militants and 5 Afghan soldiers dead. 13 insurgents and two police died in a battle in southern Helmand province's Sangin district.
    (WSJ, 5/25/06, p.A1)(AP, 5/27/06)

2006        May 26, A US-led coalition strike on a militant training facility in Afghanistan's borderlands with Pakistan killed five suspected extremists. Nearly a dozen people were killed in fresh clashes between police and Taliban militants.
    (AP, 5/27/06)

2006        May 28, Afghanistan and Iran pledged to crack down on drugs passing over their shared border as Afghan President Hamid Karzai visited Tehran. Officials also signed seven agreements dealing with the reconstruction of Afghanistan.
    (AP, 5/29/06)

2006        May 29, In Afghanistan 5 Canadian soldiers were hurt and up to six militants killed in a gunbattle west of Kandahar, while US-led coalition aircraft bombed Taliban militants meeting in remote Helmand province, reportedly killing dozens.
    (AP, 5/29/06)
2006        May 29, A deadly traffic accident involving US troops left 5 people dead and sparked the worst rioting in the Afghan capital since the fall of the Taliban regime, with hundreds of protesters looting shops and shouting "Death to America!" Some 25 people were killed and 107 injured in the riots. The unrest started after three US Humvee vehicles coming into the city from the outskirts rammed into a rush-hour traffic jam, hitting several civilian cars. On July 20 the US military said it was paying $112,000 in compensation to victims of the traffic accident involving an American cargo truck.
    (AP, 5/29/06)(Econ, 7/8/06, p.23)(AP, 7/21/06)

2006        May 30, Afghanistan's parliament approved a nonbinding motion calling on the government to prosecute the US soldiers responsible for a deadly road crash that sparked the worst riots in Kabul in years.
    (AP, 5/31/06)

2006        May 31, In Afghanistan suspected Taliban fighters fired a grenade at a police vehicle in southeastern Zabul province, killing the provincial deputy police chief and wounding three officers. In Uruzgan province hundreds of suspected Taliban fighters attacked the town of Chora and briefly occupied its police headquarters after driving out security forces.
    (AP, 5/31/06)

2006        Jun 1, In western Afghanistan a suicide car bomb blew up near a convoy of Afghan and US-led coalition troops, killing the attacker but hurting no one else.
    (AP, 6/1/06)

2006        Jun 2, In Afghanistan dozens of troops were dropped from coalition aircraft into a remote, mountainous district of Uruzgan province and recaptured the area which had been overrun by Taliban nearly three days earlier. Nearly 35 Taliban rebels were killed in the latest strikes as Afghan and coalition troops took back a district that had been in rebel hands for days.
    (AFP, 6/3/06)

2006        Jun 3, Afghanistan's government announced plans to replace dozens of police commanders, including the police chief in Kabul. In southern Afghanistan suspected Taliban rebels attacked a police station in Miana Shien, but police repulsed them after a bloody battle that lasted several hours. Witnesses said 12 rebels were killed and at least as many wounded. 4 policemen and 18 Taliban were killed in a battle that erupted after rebels attacked a police post in Kandahar province.
    (AP, 6/3-4/06)

2006        Jun 4, A suicide car bomb exploded in Kandahar city near a convoy carrying the governor of Afghanistan's Kandahar province, missing the apparent target but killing 3 civilians and injuring a dozen. In Farah province 4 policemen were killed. In Zabul province Afghan troops on a joint mission with soldiers from the US-led coalition killed around five Taliban fighters and arrested three more. In Helmand province troops with the US-led coalition and Afghan army clashed with a group of rebel fighters, five of whom were killed.
    (AP, 6/4/06)(AFP, 6/5/06)

2006        Jun 4-2006 Jun 5, In Afghanistan 17 suspected militants were killed in three operations. Two coalition soldiers were wounded in one of those battles.
    (AP, 6/7/06)

2006        Jun 5, In southern Afghanistan suspected Taliban rebels stormed a highway police checkpost and killed five policemen, abducted four others and stole weapons.
    (AFP, 6/5/06)

2006        Jun 6, In eastern Afghanistan 3 people were killed when a motorbike being rigged up as a bomb exploded. A suspected suicide car bomb hit a US-led coalition convoy, injuring 3 American soldiers. A roadside bomb killed three Afghan soldiers in Kunar province. 2 American soldiers were killed by a roadside bomb in eastern Nangarhar province. 5 suspected militants were killed as Afghan and allied troops raided an area near the southern town of Tirin Kot.
    (AFP, 6/6/06)(AP, 6/7/06)

2006        Jun 7, In Afghanistan a suspected suicide bomber also was killed when explosives he was carrying into the offices of a Turkish construction company exploded prematurely.
    (AP, 6/7/06)

2006        Jun 8, Afghan troops killed 13 suspected Taliban rebels including two Pakistani nationals in an operation in southern Afghanistan. The US military released 33 Afghans from a prison at Bagram Air Base. Violence killed nine people around Afghanistan, including a regional security director and two Afghan aid workers.
    (AFP, 6/9/06)(AP, 6/9/06)

2006        Jun 10, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb hit a convoy carrying the intelligence chief of Kabul, missing him but killing three others. 2 suspected Taliban rebels were killed in fighting with Afghan soldiers in Zabul province. In Kandahar province a roadside bomb hit a convoy carrying a district police chief and government head, missing them but killing two of their police guards. Gunmen killed four Afghan laborers working for an Indian road construction company as they were driving in Kandahar province. They stole $8,000 before killing them. The US-led coalition said the worst three weeks of violence since the fall of the Taliban have left more than 500 people dead.
    (AP, 6/10/06)(AP, 6/11/06)

2006        Jun 11, Afghan Pres. Hamid Karzai said his government will give weapons to local tribesmen to help fight the surge in Taliban violence. Afghan and US-led coalition forces killed 15 suspected militants, including Mullah Amanullah, a relative of Taliban leader Mullah Omar, in Uruzgan province. Ten militants were killed in Helmand province's Sangin district in a battle involving Afghan and British forces.
    (AP, 6/12/06)(SFC, 6/12/06, p.A3)

2006        Jun 12, Afghan and US-led coalition forces killed 12 suspected militants in Kandahar province. Taliban militants killed Zulmai Khan, a district intelligence chief, in a drive-by shooting in the Ghazni provincial district of Waghuz.
    (AP, 6/12/06)(AP, 6/13/06)

2006        Jun 13, Suspected Taliban militants killed one US soldier and wounded two in an attack in southern Helmand province, sparking a coalition retaliation that left 12 militants dead or wounded. A second coalition soldier was killed while fighting enemy forces in eastern Kunar province.
    (AP, 6/14/06)

2006        Jun 14, A delegation from Kabul found prison conditions at Guantanamo humane and said the US will send home for trial all 96 Afghans held there.
    (WSJ, 6/15/06, p.A1)
2006        Jun 14, Coalition and Afghan forces killed 26 suspected militants in fighting in eastern mountains, while in southern Afghanistan, more than 11,000 troops prepared for their biggest offensive since the fall of the Taliban five years ago.
    (AP, 6/14/06)

2006        Jun 15, More than 10,000 Afghan and US-led coalition forces began a massive anti-Taliban operation across southern Afghanistan, while a bomb killed seven people riding a bus to a coalition base for work. Coalition forces killed 14 militants during combat operations linked to a large-scale anti-Taliban blitz. The offensive was launched in support of Operation Mountain Thrust, the largest anti-Taliban military campaign undertaken since the former regime's 2001 ouster in an American-led invasion. Operation Mountain Thrust began in mid-May with limited attacks and raids launched by coalition forces.
    (AP, 6/15/06)(AP, 6/16/06)

2006        Jun 16, Coalition forces pressed forward with a major offensive in southern Afghanistan, killing an estimated 45 insurgents in attacks on two Taliban militant camps. 2 coalition soldiers were killed by a roadside bomb in Asadabad district in eastern Kunar province. 4 highway policemen were killed in southern Kandahar province when a roadside bomb exploded near their vehicle. Three insurgents were killed in southern Helmand province when a bomb they were trying to plant near the road exploded.
    (AP, 6/17/06)(AP, 6/18/06)

2006        Jun 17, British troops battled Taliban fighters near Kajaki dam in southern Helmand province killing six insurgents. One suicide attacker on a motorcycle detonated his explosives near a group of Afghan soldiers in southwestern Nimroz province, killing himself and wounding two soldiers and three bystanders. Seven militants and one police officer also were killed during a gunbattle that lasted until dawn in southern Kandahar.
    (AP, 6/18/06)

2006        Jun 18, In southern Afghanistan Taliban fighters ambushed two convoys carrying members of the same family, killing 32 people. US-led troops, backed by Afghan forces, raided a mountain Taliban stronghold near Tirin Kot, Uruzgan's provincial capital, and killed 7 militants.
    (AP, 6/19/06)

2006        Jun 20, In southern Afghanistan an explosion tore apart a coalition tank, killing one Romanian soldier and wounding four others. Afghan and coalition forces clashed with Taliban fighters in southern Helmand province, leaving 20 militants dead. Coalition soldiers accidentally fired on an unmarked police car in eastern Kunar province, killing 3 Afghan policemen and wounding 3.
    (AP, 6/20/06)(AP, 6/21/06)

2006        Jun 21, In Afghanistan 4 US soldiers were killed in a battle with Taliban insurgents in northeastern Nuristan province. 17 insurgents were killed after coalition forces surprised them setting up an ambush site near Tirin Kot, the capital of Uruzgan province.
    (SFC, 6/23/06, p.A13)(AP, 6/24/06)

2006        Jun 22, Afghan Pres. Hamid Karzai urged the international community to reassess its approach to the war on terror, saying the deaths of hundreds of Afghans in fighting with US-led forces was "not acceptable." In eastern Afghanistan 5 Afghan aid workers were abducted, including 3 employed by a Swedish aid agency. The aid workers were released on June 25.
    (AP, 6/22/06)(AP, 6/25/06)(AP, 6/26/06)

2006        Jun 23, In Afghanistan coalition troops fought more than 40 extremists during a five-hour gunbattle near the village of Mirabad, in southern Uruzgan province. Most of the militants were believed killed. Afghan and coalition forces battled a large group of militants in the Zharie district of Kandahar province, killing about 25 during the three hours of fighting. Provincial officials in Zabul said the decapitated bodies of four men, who were abducted at gunpoint earlier in the week, were discovered in Shahjoy district near the village of Chinoh.
    (AP, 6/24/06)

2006        Jun 24, Coalition and Afghan forces killed about 45 Taliban militants during the fighting in the Panjwayi district of southern Kandahar province. 2 coalition soldiers died from wounds.
    (AP, 6/25/06)

2006        Jun 25, In Afghanistan a coalition soldier was fatally wounded during combat operations in the Pech district of Kunar province. Pfc. Justin R. Davis (19) of Gaithersburg, Md., died in eastern Kunar province when he came in contact with indirect fire while on patrol during combat operations.
    (AP, 6/26/06)(AP, 7/1/06)

2006        Jun 26, In southern Afghanistan 30 rebels and four Afghan soldiers died in a series of clashes. Coalition and Afghan forces killed 10 militants during a raid on a compound belonging to a weapons producer in the Shahidi Hassas district of Uruzgan province.
    (AFP, 6/27/06)(SFC, 6/28/06, p.A13)

2006        Jun 27, In Afghanistan 2 members of the UK armed forces were killed in action in Helmand province. 2 Afghan soldiers and 11 insurgents were killed in the fighting. 2 civilians died in a suicide blast aimed at a German patrol in the north.
    (AP, 6/27/06)(SFC, 6/28/06, p.A13)

2006        Jun 29, In southern Afghanistan British troops killed 12 suspected Taliban militants when their convoy was ambushed. Taliban militants ambushed a US convoy in eastern Kunar province, sparking a firefight that killed one civilian and wounded two. In southern Zabul province, Taliban fighters attacked a local district chief's office. Police killed two Taliban fighters and wounded four in the hour-long gunbattle.
    (AP, 6/29/06)(AP, 6/30/06)(SFC, 6/30/06, p.A3)

2006        Jun 30, In eastern Afghanistan Coalition soldiers tracked a group of militants to a safe house and killed 14 in an attack on the compound. Afghan and coalition forces also raided a village in the southern Afghan province of Kandahar, killing one suspected militant and detaining eight others.
    (AP, 6/30/06)

2006        Jul 1, In southern Afghanistan 2 rockets fired by insurgents slammed into the main coalition military base. The wounded included five American and two Canadian soldiers, as well as three foreign contract workers. 2 British soldiers and an Afghan interpreter were killed when their base in Sangin district in Helmand province came under attack. Afghan forces killed 11 militants in a separate attack in the same area. A total of five British troops have been killed since the start of Operation Mountain Thrust.
    (AP, 7/1/06)(AP, 7/2/06)

2006        Jul 2, In Afghanistan up to 30 extremists, firing guns and mortars, attacked a coalition patrol that had just found a weapons cache in Sangin. About 20 militants were killed. Afghan police killed seven insurgents that attacked a police checkpoint in Nawzad district in southern Helmand province.
    (AP, 7/3/06)

2006        Jul 3, A US general said the United States is giving $2 billion worth of military weapons and vehicles to modernize Afghanistan's national army.
    (AP, 7/3/06)

2006        Jul 4, A bomb exploded in downtown Kabul, wounding at least 10 people. In eastern Afghanistan 5 laborers were ambushed and fatally shot on their way to a US military base. US-led coalition forces killed 35 suspected militants during a raid late in the village of Gujdar in Helmand province.
    (AP, 7/4/06)(AP, 7/5/06)

2006        Jul 5, In Afghanistan 3 bombs targeting government workers and security forces exploded in Kabul, killing one bystander and wounding at least 47 other people. A coalition soldier and eight rebels were killed in new clashes in Paktika province. A British soldier and six more militants were killed and six captured in two separate incidents southern Zabul province. The family of Abdul Khaliq, a legislator from Uruzgan province, was fired upon killing Khaliq’s brother-in-law. Khaliq put the blame on American and Australian troops. 
    (AP, 7/5/06)(AFP, 7/6/06)(SFC, 7/8/06, p.A3)
2006        Jul 5, Afghan President Hamid Karzai met Japanese Emperor Akihito in Tokyo and said he wanted to build peace in the war-torn nation so he could some day invite the emperor and empress. Tokyo has provided about $1 billion in assistance for security and development, and in January pledged another $450 million.
    (AP, 7/6/06)

2006        Jul 6, In southern Afghanistan a US-led coalition soldier and five militants were killed in a clash in the Baghran Valley in Helmand province.
    (AP, 7/7/06)

2006        Jul 7, Fighting in southern Afghanistan killed a US-led coalition soldier and at least eight suspected Taliban militants.
    (AP, 7/8/06)

2006        Jul 8, Afghan and coalition forces pounded a Taliban stronghold in southern Afghanistan, killing five rebels and leaving an Afghan and three foreign soldiers wounded. An explosion attributed to a land mine in western Afghanistan killed a Peruvian solder and slightly wounded four Spanish troops.
    (AFP, 7/8/06)(AP, 7/9/06)

2006        Jul 9, In southern Afghanistan a Canadian coalition officer died of wounds suffered in fighting near an opium-rich insurgent stronghold. At least 15 militants were killed. A coalition patrol found the bodies of 10 militants killed in an airstrike in Panjwayi.
    (AP, 7/9/06)(SFC, 7/10/06, p.A4)

2006        Jul 10, Afghan and US-led coalition forces killed more than 40 suspected Taliban militants as a warplane dropped 500-pound bombs on a militant compound in Uruzgan province. Britain announced it would send 900 more soldiers to southern Helmand province.
    (AP, 7/10/06)(SFC, 7/11/06, p.A6)

2006        Jul 11, Coalition and Afghan forces hunting a Taliban commander killed an estimated 30 extremists in a raid on a hide-out in southern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 7/11/06)

2006        Jul 12, The Afghan defense minister said it would take at least 150,000 troops to secure his country, more than 5 times what he commanded. In eastern Afghanistan a suicide attack on a US military convoy killed a boy playing nearby, while a market bombing in a southern border town left two people dead. British and Afghan forces repelled a brazen insurgent attack on a police headquarters in the southern town of Nawzad, killing at least 19 militants. In Musa Qala district insurgents fired rocket-propelled grenades and machine guns at coalition troops, who returned fire and killed local Taliban commander Mullah Saeef. In southern Zabul province, three Afghan border guards were killed in a clash with armed tribesmen crossing from Pakistan.
    (AP, 7/12/06)(AP, 7/13/06)(WSJ, 7/13/06, p.A1)

2006        Jul 13, British and Afghan forces battled Taliban holdouts after repelling a brazen insurgent attack on a police headquarters a day earlier. Afghan and US-led coalition forces killed nine militants after suspected Taliban fighters attacked two army checkpoints in the latest fighting to rock southern Afghanistan. More than 30 enemy extremists were killed in an operation in Uruzgan province.
    (AP, 7/13/06)(AP, 7/14/06)(AFP, 7/15/06)

2006        Jul 14, A suicide bomber was the sole victim in a failed attack on an Afghan police convoy in the Gurbuz district of southeastern Khost province, bordering Pakistan. Skirmishes between coalition and Taliban militants raged throughout the southern Uruzgan province. An estimated 31 enemy extremists were killed during engagements in Chora, Kala Kala, and Khorma villages. Afghan and coalition soldiers also killed two male "foreigners" wearing burkas, the body-shrouding veil worn by women, and detained five Taliban in Uruzgan's Dihrawud district. The Afghan army killed eight rebels in Sangin.
    (AP, 7/14/06)(AFP, 7/15/06)

2006        Jul 15, More than 40 insurgents were killed as hundreds of coalition troops, many dropped by helicopter, wrested a desert town from the Taliban and U.S. forces battled militants across southern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 7/16/06)

2006        Jul 16, In Afghanistan Amir Gul Hassanyar was arrested in northern Kunduz province. He allegedly carried out numerous roadside bombings and trafficked in weapons and drugs.
    (AP, 7/22/06)

2006        Jul 17, In southeastern Afghanistan coalition forces killed four al-Qaida suspects and captured three others. Separate attacks killed three Afghan soldiers and three government employees in the south.
    (AP, 7/17/06)

2006        Jul 18, The Afghan government announced plans to re-establish a Vice and Virtues Ministry, but it assured the public the office would not resemble the Taliban version that became a symbol of the brutal regime toppled by US forces in 2001. One coalition soldier was killed in fighting in Uruzgan province.
    (AP, 7/18/06)(SFC, 7/20/06, p.A13)

2006        Jul 19, In southern Afghanistan coalition forces retook Garmser and killed 2 Taliban.
    (SFC, 7/20/06, p.A13)

2006        Jul 20, In Afghanistan coalition forces killed 6 Taliban in the district of Garmser in Helmand province.
    (AP, 7/22/06)

2006        Jul 21, The Netherlands’ military chief said Dutch commandos had killed 18 enemy fighters who set up positions in rugged hills overlooking a Dutch camp in southern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 7/21/06)

2006        Jul 22, In Afghanistan coalition forces killed 13 Taliban over the last 48 hours in the district of Garmser in Helmand province. 2 suicide blasts struck in Kandahar. A suicide car bomb ripped into a Canadian patrol and killed two soldiers and wounded eight others. Ten Afghans were wounded. About an hour later an attacker blew himself up among a crowd of people who had assembled about 100 meters (yards) from the site of the first explosion. Four Afghan passers-by were killed.
    (AP, 7/22/06)(AFP, 7/23/06)

2006        Jul 23, In Afghanistan 19 Taliban were killed and 17 fighters, including two Pakistani nationals, arrested in a raid by Afghan forces in southern Helmand province. Police said three policemen were killed and three others kidnapped in a Taliban attack on a police checkpoint in southeastern Ghazni province.
    (AFP, 7/23/06)

2006        Jul 24, In southwestern Afghanistan hundreds of Taliban fighters firing rocket-propelled grenades attacked a district headquarters overnight in Farah, killing 3 police and wounding 7. Four suspected suicide attackers riding two motorcycles died in a confrontation with Afghan police. In the west, gunmen killed two Afghans working for international aid agency World Vision who had been delivering medicine. Fighting in Kunar province left a US soldier dead. 7 suspected Taliban were killed in Paktika province.
    (AP, 7/25/06)(WSJ, 7/25/06, p.A1)

2006        Jul 25, The Afghan government, together with the UN, appealed for $76 million to head off an "imminent food crisis" due to drought. A roadside bomb exploded in Kabul, killing two Afghans riding in a taxi. US-led coalition troops killed seven suspected Taliban militants in southern Afghanistan. In Musa Qala district 10 militants were killed and 15 wounded by coalition and Afghan forces backed by airstrikes.
    (AP, 7/25/06)(AP, 7/26/06)

2006        Jul 26, In southern Zabul province, gunmen ambushed and killed one Afghan worker and wounded three others as they drove to work on a road being built between the town of Qalat to a new US air base just outside town. 5 militants were killed and 11 were wounded when they battled 200 Afghan police in Garmser. All 16 people including two Dutch soldiers and at least 2 American civilians were killed when their helicopter crashed in southeast Afghanistan. The Russian-made helicopter was operated by a logistics company ferrying supplies and fuel from Kabul to the Khost airport.
    (AP, 7/26/06)(AFP, 7/27/06)

2006        Jul 28, Fourteen Taliban fighters were killed in a "clearance operation" in southern Helmand province's Garmser district. In the northeastern province of Kapisa, police killed four Taliban militants including a "famous commander" while also losing one of their own men. 2 policemen guarding an archaeological site in northern Balkh province were killed and another was wounded when unknown assailants attacked them overnight.
    (AFP, 7/29/06)

2006        Jul 29, US-led coalition forces detained 4 suspected al-Qaida operatives in eastern Afghanistan, while a major operation to crush Taliban fighters in the south moved to a close.
    (AP, 7/29/06)

2006        Jul 29, US-led coalition forces detained 4 suspected al-Qaida operatives in eastern Afghanistan. In southern Afghanistan US-led coalition forces and Afghan police killed 20 suspected Taliban who had attempted an ambush in Uruzgan province. In Kandahar province 3 militants blew themselves up as they laid an explosive on a road.
    (AP, 7/29/06)(AP, 7/30/06)

2006        Jul 30, Afghan soldiers and police killed six Taliban fighters and captured eight during a clash in southeastern Paktika province's Waza Khwa district. A suspected Taliban died when a land mine he was planting north of Kandahar city exploded.
    (AP, 7/30/06)
2006        Jul 30, Afghan and coalition forces killed 23 Taliban militants in clashes in Helmand province's Garmser district.
    (AFP, 7/31/06)

2006        Jul 31, NATO took command of southern Afghanistan from the United States, and the new commander of the push to pacify the insurgency-wracked region vowed that he would not fail millions of Afghans seeking peace and stability. Some 8,000 coalition forces in Afghanistan came under NATO command. The southern deployment included troops from Britain, Canada, Netherlands and Romania. A bomb exploded outside a mosque in eastern Afghanistan during a memorial service for a mujahedeen commander, killing at least eight people and wounding 16.
    (Econ, 7/8/06, p.23)(Econ, 7/8/06, p.50)(AP, 7/31/06)

2006        Aug 1, In southern Afghanistan Taliban militants killed three British soldiers. 18 Taliban militants and one policeman were killed as Afghan forces and coalition aircraft raided an insurgent hide-out near Garmser.
    (AP, 8/1/06)(AP, 8/2/06)

2006        Aug 3, Afghanistan's government ordered around 1,500 South Korean Christians who came to the Islamic republic for a "peace festival" to leave the country. The US-led coalition killed 25 Taliban fighters in a joint operation with Afghan forces in the country's south. A gunbattle near the capital killed one militant. A suspected Taliban suicide car bomber killed 21 civilians and wounded 13 at a bazaar in Panjwayi. On the outskirts of Kandahar city militant attacks killed 4 Canadian soldiers and wounded another 10.
    (AFP, 8/3/06)(AP, 8/4/06)

2006        Aug 4, In southern Afghanistan 2 police officers were killed and eight others wounded in a roadside bomb aimed at a district governor. UNICEF said schools are increasingly being attacked across Afghanistan and an estimated 100,000 children in the south are shut out of the classroom due to closures.
    (AFP, 8/5/06)(Reuters, 8/4/06)

2006        Aug 5, Afghan and NATO forces aided by air strikes killed 17 Taliban in southern Afghanistan. A NATO soldier was killed and three were injured when their armored jeep crashed in Kandahar province. Taliban attacked a police patrol in southern Ghazni province overnight which left an intelligence official and a rebel killed and two police wounded.
    (AP, 8/5/06)(AFP, 8/5/06)(AP, 8/6/06)

2006        Aug 6, In Afghanistan 4 suspected Taliban killed two police using rocket-propelled grenades and heavy machine guns at a checkpoint in Murghab district in western Badghis province. A suspected suicide bomber in a small truck hit a military convoy outside Kandahar, wounding at least one foreign soldier. A British soldier was killed in Helmand province.
    (AP, 8/6/06)(SFC, 8/7/06, p.A8)

2006        Aug 7, Suspected Taliban militants hanged a woman (70) and her son (30) from a tree in Helmand province after accusing them of spying for the government.
    (AP, 8/9/06)

2006        Aug 8, In eastern Afghanistan US military killed 15 insurgents who attacked a US base in Nuristan province. 12 militants and 8 policemen were killed in fighting in Kandahar.
    (AP, 8/9/06)(AP, 8/10/06)

2006        Aug 9, Hamid Karzai, Afghanistan's first democratically elected president, strongly hinted in an interview that he will not run for another term in office. A roadside bomb killed 2 Afghan soldiers and wounded 3 as they returned after a mission to help police surrounded by insurgents in Paktika province. In the eastern province of Nuristan US soldiers and warplanes drove off an insurgent attack on a new American base, killing 19 militants. Local authorities pleaded for emergency relief for thousands of villagers made homeless by heavy rain and flooding that has ravaged provinces in eastern Afghanistan and left at least 35 people dead.
    (AP, 8/9/06)(AP, 8/10/06)

2006        Aug 10, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed two Afghan civilians in Jalalabad.
    (AP, 8/10/06)

2006        Aug 11, A suicide car bomber struck a NATO-led convoy in southern Afghanistan, killing one soldier. In northeastern Afghanistan 3 US soldiers were killed and 3 wounded after militants attacked an American patrol with rocket-propelled grenades and small arms fire.
    (AP, 8/11/06)(AP, 8/12/06)

2006        Aug 12, Afghanistan's Health Ministry said the worsening security situation contributed to a fourfold rise in polio cases this year, almost entirely in the insurgency-wracked south. A highway police commander was killed by a blast on his way to work in eastern Lagman province.
    (AP, 8/12/06)

2006        Aug 13, In Afghanistan at least 5 Afghan troops and 25 militants were killed.
    (WSJ, 8/14/06, p.A1)

2006        Aug 14, In southern Afghanistan clashes between police and militants killed 11 suspected Taliban and six policemen. 4 NATO troops were wounded in one of two bombings in Kabul.
    (AP, 8/14/06)

2006        Aug 15, Afghan and US troops killed an al-Qaida suspect and detained 13 others in southeastern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 8/15/06)
2006        Aug 15, Pakistani forces arrested 29 suspected Taliban militants in a raid on a private hospital after they came from neighboring Afghanistan.
    (AP, 8/15/06)

2006        Aug 16, In southeastern Afghanistan US and Afghan forces raided compounds suspected of being al-Qaida sanctuaries, seizing weapons and explosives and arresting 8 people. US-led forces killed eight suspected militants after coming under attack in Kunar province. A US soldier was killed when his vehicle struck a Soviet-era mine in Paktika province. Western officials said opium cultivation in Afghanistan has hit record levels, up by more than 40% from 2005, despite hundreds of millions in counternarcotics money.
    (AP, 8/16/06)(AP, 8/17/06)

2006        Aug 17, In eastern Afghanistan a bomb mistakenly dropped by a US-led coalition aircraft killed 10 Afghan police officers in Paktika province. In the south 2 suicide bombers targeted US, Afghan and NATO troops, killing one civilian and wounding at least seven, including a US soldier. In Uruzgan province a suicide bomber targeting a NATO patrol killed one civilian and wounded six.
    (AP, 8/17/06)

2006        Aug 18, Afghanistan Education Minister Mohammed Hanif Atmar said attacks have closed more than 208 schools, including 144 burned down, in the past year as militants changed tactics to hit soft targets. At least 41 teachers and students have been killed over the past 12 months in a wave of attacks on the country's schools.
    (Reuters, 8/18/06)

2006        Aug 19, Afghan police backed by NATO aircraft and artillery killed 71 suspected Taliban militant in fierce clashes that also left five Afghan forces dead in southern Kandahar province. 3 US soldiers were killed and 3 others wounded during a clash against Taliban militants in eastern Kunar province. In southern Uruzgan province, an American and an Afghan soldier were killed and 3 other Americans wounded in a four-hour clash with more than 100 insurgents. The latest violence came as the country celebrated the 87th anniversary of its independence from Britain.
    (AP, 8/19/06)(AP, 8/20/06)

2006        Aug 20, In Afghanistan militants ambushed a police patrol in western Farah province, sparking a gunbattle that left one officer and 2 attackers dead. In Helmand province a clash with insurgents left one British soldier dead and three others wounded. A NATO airstrike killed nine militants including a local insurgent leader in Helmand province. A roadside bomb killed three Afghan policemen traveling on the main highway linking Murja and Lashkar Gah districts. Two roadside bombs targeting border police in southeastern Khost province killed two officers and wounded five others. Tens of thousands of health workers fanned out across Afghanistan in a polio vaccination campaign to immunize more than 7 million children under age 5.
    (AP, 8/20/06)(AP, 8/21/06)(AP, 8/22/06)

2006        Aug 21, NATO and Afghan forces used aircraft in clashes that left 14 militants dead, capping several days of intense fighting that killed more than 100 people and threatened efforts to stabilize southern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 8/21/06)

2006        Aug 22, In southern Afghanistan a suicide bomber drove his explosives-laden car into a Canadian military patrol, wounding four soldiers. Insurgents ambushed a police vehicle near the Pakistan border, killing five officers. In Helmand province British troops using "high-explosive ammunition" killed nine insurgents. In Kandahar province NATO warplanes killed at least 11 Taliban fighters just hours after militant attacks left one NATO soldier dead and five others wounded. NATO troops killed one Afghan youth and wounded another after a suicide bombing in Kandahar city that targeted a Canadian convoy, killing one soldier and wounding three. 2 roadside bombs struck a truck and a motorbike in the Kandahar district of Daman, killing three civilians and wounding one.
    (AP, 8/22/06)(AP, 8/23/06)

2006        Aug 23, The Afghan and Pakistani armies agreed to conduct coordinated and simultaneous patrols with the US alongside their volatile border. The accord was reached during the 17th meeting of Tripartite Commission. In southern Afghanistan 18 Taliban rebels and an Afghan soldier were killed in a clash that erupted after the militants attacked an army post in Zabul province.
    (AP, 8/23/06)(AFP, 8/23/06)

2006        Aug 24, American and Afghan forces killed seven suspected al-Qaida operatives after coming under fire during a raid in eastern Afghanistan. Police, however, claimed those killed were members of two families trying to resolve a dispute.
    (AP, 8/24/06)

2006        Aug 25, President Hamid Karzai ordered an investigation into the killings of eight people in eastern Afghanistan during a raid that US forces claimed targeted al-Qaida members. Afghan police clashed with suspected Taliban militants in southern Zabul province, killing six insurgents and wounding 12. Two French soldiers were killed in an ambush in eastern Laghman province. Separate airstrikes in southern Uruzgan province killed 23 militants, including a known Taliban commander. British troops with a NATO-led force used artillery fire against a convoy of insurgents that was moving into position for attack in Helmand province. About seven insurgents were killed and seven vehicles destroyed.
    (AP, 8/25/06)(AP, 8/26/06)(AFP, 8/26/06)

2006        Aug 26, In Afghanistan a large number of militants attacked the Musa Qala district government compound in Helmand, provoking a clash with police that left 10 insurgents dead.
    (AP, 8/27/06)

2006        Aug 27, In Afghanistan insurgent attacks in Helmand province killed a British soldier, while 10 suspected Taliban militants died when police repelled an attack on a government compound in the same province. Insurgent attacks left seven wounded in Kandahar province.
    (AP, 8/27/06)(AP, 8/28/06)

2006        Aug 28, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber blew himself up in a crowded market in Lashkar Gah, Helmand province, killing 21 people and wounding 43. US-led coalition troops killed 18 suspected insurgents when about 60 militants attacked with heavy machine guns and rocket-propelled grenades in Cahar Cineh district of the southern Uruzgan province.
    (AP, 8/28/06)(AP, 8/29/06)

2006        Aug 29, A suicide car bomber struck a NATO-Afghan military convoy, killing two civilians and wounding one in the violence-wracked south. A remote-controlled bomb killed two police officers on patrol.
    (AP, 8/29/06)

2006        Aug 31, In Afghanistan Taliban militants attacked Naw Zad in Helmand province, sparking intense fighting with government troops that left two insurgents dead. In Zabul province a suicide attacker plowed his explosives-filled car into a police convoy traveling on the main road, wounding three officers. A Dutch F-16 fighter jet crashed in the Ghazni province in central Afghanistan, killing the pilot.
    (AP, 8/31/06)

2006        Sep 1, In Afghanistan fighting across the volatile south killed nine Afghan policemen, at least 13 suspected Taliban and a British soldier.
    (AP, 9/2/06)

2006        Sep 2, A NATO Nimrod reconnaissance aircraft crashed in southern Afghanistan, killing 14 British servicemen. The alliance said there was no indication hostile fire was involved. The Nimrod MR2 exploded after an air-to-air refueling operation. A later investigation said that leaking fuel ignited by a hot pipe was the most likely cause of a fire that destroyed the plane. British patrol NATO and Afghan forces began Operation Medusa in southern Afghanistan. Dozens of insurgents were killed during the fighting.
    (AP, 9/2/06)(AP, 9/3/06)(AP, 12/4/07)
2006        Sep 2, The UN said opium cultivation in Afghanistan is spiraling out of control, rising 59% this year to produce a record 6,100 tons, nearly a third more than the world's drug users consume.
    (AP, 9/2/06)
2006        Sep 2, USAID announced a new contract totaling $1.4 billion awarded to the joint venture of the Louis Berger Group, Inc. and Black & Veatch Special Projects Corp. for work in  Afghanistan. Two months earlier an employee for US contractor Lewis Berger had handed the government evidence of overbilling on contracts going back to the mid-1990s. In 2010 Berger agreed to pay tens of millions to settle allegations of overbilling.
    (www.corpwatch.org/article.php?id=13518)(SFC, 11/5/10, p.A4)

2006        Sep 3, NATO and Afghan forces hit the Taliban with air strikes and artillery in Operation Medusa in southern Afghanistan. Four NATO soldiers, including 3 Canadians, and more than 200 insurgents were killed in the first two days of a major anti-Taliban operation under way in the Panjwayi district, about 10 miles from the city of Kandahar.
    (AFP, 9/3/06)

2006        Sep 4, In southern Afghanistan 2 US warplanes accidentally strafed their own forces, killing one Canadian soldier and seriously wounding five others. A British soldier attached to NATO was also killed in a Kabul suicide bombing, which left another four Afghans dead. 16 suspected Taliban militants and five Afghan police died in separate Afghan violence.
    (AP, 9/4/06)

2006        Sep 5, In southern Afghanistan US artillery and airstrikes killed between 50 and 60 suspected Taliban militants, the fourth day of a NATO-led offensive. NATO said 700 Taliban were trapped by the offensive.
    (AP, 9/5/06)(WSJ, 9/6/06, p.A1)

2006        Sep 6, Afghan President Hamid Karzai and Pakistani President Gen. Pervez Musharraf held talks on counterterrorism in Kabul. NATO forces killed 21 militants in air and ground attacks in southern Kandahar province. Afghan police killed four Taliban fighters in southeastern Paktiya province. 3 British soldiers were killed.
    (AP, 9/6/06)(AP, 9/7/06)(WSJ, 9/7/06, p.A1)

2006        Sep 8, A suicide car bomber struck a convoy of US military vehicles in downtown Kabul, killing at least 16 people, including two American soldiers, and wounding 29 others. It was the Afghan capital's deadliest suicide attack since the Taliban's 2001 ouster.
    (AP, 9/8/06)

2006        Sep 9, Afghan and NATO soldiers killed at least 40 suspected Taliban militants in fierce raids that destroyed insurgent hideouts and a weapons-making factory in Kandahar province. One NATO soldier died. 2 coalition soldiers training Afghan troops were killed in combat. 2 policemen were killed when dozens of Taliban rebels attacked their post in western Farah province with machine guns and rockets. Gen. Ray Henault, chief of NATO’s military committee, said he would ask the 26 alliance members for up to 2,500 more soldiers.
    (AP, 9/9/06)(AP, 9/10/06)(SSFC, 9/10/06, p.A19)

2006        Sep 10, Afghan President Hamid Karzai formally opened a 25-million-dollar Coca-Cola bottling plant, one of the most significant investments in Afghanistan since the ousting of the Taliban five years ago. In eastern Afghanistan Gov. Abdul Hakim Taniwal (63) was killed with his nephew and bodyguard in a suicide attack outside his office in the Paktia capital of Gardez. The US military warned that a suicide bombing cell is targeting foreign troops in Kabul. In the Panjwayi district of Kandahar 94 Taliban were killed and one was wounded in four different engagements overnight. The alliance offensive near the main southern city of Kandahar killed another 92 suspected Taliban fighters, pushing its 10-day toll of militant dead past 510. Gunmen kidnapped a Colombian aid worker and two Afghan employees of a French-funded nongovernment organization west of Kabul.
    (AP, 9/10/06)(AFP, 9/10/06)(AP, 9/11/06)(SFC, 9/11/06, p.A3)(AP, 9/12/06)

2006        Sep 11, In eastern Afghanistan a suicide bomber struck in the Tani district of Khost province at a funeral for Gov. Abdul Hakim Taniwal, a provincial governor assassinated by the Taliban a day earlier. Five people were killed and 30 wounded, but four Cabinet ministers at the service were unhurt.
    (AP, 9/11/06)(www.wcbs880.com/pages/81058.php?)

2006        Sep 12, Afghan forces killed 12 suspected Taliban militants in a shootout south of Kabul. More than 30 suspected insurgents were detained as security forces fought back against a deadly spike in violence. The UN urged NATO forces to take military action to destroy the opium industry in southern Afghanistan, saying cultivation of the crop is out of control.
    (AP, 9/12/06)

2006        Sep 13, Afghan President Hamid Karzai, while opening a road linking to Pakistan, said Pakistan and Afghanistan must unite to save their people from the menace of terrorism.  Afghan and US-led coalition forces killed as many as 30 Taliban in raids on three villages in Ghazni province. In southern Helmand province police killed 16 Taliban in a mountainous area outside the town of Garmser. NATO announced that suicide bombings have killed 173 people in Afghanistan this year. 151 of the year's suicide attack victims were Afghan civilians, including children.
    (AP, 9/13/06)(AFP, 9/13/06)

2006        Sep 14, Taliban militants attacked police headquarters in western Afghanistan, raising fears that insurgents fleeing NATO attacks in the south are opening new fronts. Two police and two militants were killed.
    (AP, 9/14/06)
2006        Sep 14, Poland will send at least 900 troops early next year to bolster the NATO mission in Afghanistan. NATO said the offer did not ease the immediate need for 2,500 additional soldiers in the violence-wracked south.
    (AP, 9/14/06)

2006        Sep 15, In southern Afghanistan about 60 suspected Taliban militants attacked a police checkpoint in Uruzgan province, starting a battle in which four militants died.
    (AP, 9/16/06)

2006        Sep 16, Thousands of US-led coalition and Afghan troops launched Mountain Fury, a large-scale anti-Taliban operation in five Afghan provinces. A bomb blast south of Kabul killed three Afghan aid workers and wounded another.
    (AP, 9/16/06)(SSFC, 9/17/06, p.A5)

2006        Sep 17, A top NATO general said Operation Medusa, an offensive aimed at driving Taliban militants out of their safe havens in southern Afghanistan, has been "successfully completed." In southern Afghanistan a suicide bomber plowed his explosive-laden vehicle into a Canadian military convoy, killing one civilian and wounding five.
    (AP, 9/17/06)

2006        Sep 18, In southern Afghanistan a suicide bomber on a bicycle killed four Canadian troops handing out candy to children and wounded 27 civilians. A suicide car bombing in Kabul killed at least four policemen and wounded one officer and 10 civilians. In Heart a bombing killed 12 people and wounded 17 including the deputy police chief. An outdoor wedding celebration north of Kabul was attacked by assailants who threw a grenade, killing five women and wounding 18. Four suspects were detained after the blast in the village of Sayadan.
    (AP, 9/18/06)(AP, 9/19/06)(AP, 9/20/06)

2006        Sep 19, In central and southern Afghanistan clashes and bombings left up to 34 Taliban fighters and one policeman dead in five separate incidents.
    (AP, 9/20/06)

2006        Sep 20, In southern Afghanistan police clashed with militants who tried to set fire to an oil tanker, killing four suspected members of the Taliban. Authorities found the body of a Turkish national who was kidnapped last month along with another Turk whose body was already recovered.
    (AP, 9/21/06)

2006        Sep 21, In Afghanistan a NATO helicopter killed 8 suspected insurgents in Helmand province.
    (AP, 9/24/06)

2006        Sep 22, In southern Afghanistan militants ambushed a bus carrying construction workers, killing 19 of the laborers. The attack occurred in Kandahar province when a roadside bomb exploded near the bus. A NATO helicopter killed 15 suspected insurgents in Helmand province.
    (AP, 9/22/06)(AP, 9/24/06)

2006        Sep 23, Afghan and NATO-led security forces backed by war planes killed 40 rebels in Helmand province's Greshk district.
    (AFP, 9/24/06)

2006        Sep 25, In Afghan 2 gunmen on a motorbike killed Safia Hama Jan, the provincial director of the Ministry of Women's Affairs, outside her home in apparent retribution for her efforts to help educate women. In Khost province a bomb killed 2 policemen and a coalition soldier was injured in a suicide attack. 2 men believed to be suicide attackers were killed when the car they were in blew up on a road often used by the US-led coalition and Afghan forces. In Paktika province six suspected rebels were killed when they were escorting a suicide bomber whose explosives detonated early.
    (AFP, 9/25/06)(AFP, 9/26/06)

2006        Sep 26, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber struck outside the compound of a southern governor, killing 18 people, including several Muslim pilgrims seeking paperwork to travel to Mecca. A bomb in Kabul killed an Italian soldier and a child.
    (AP, 9/26/06)

2006        Sep 27, Afghan security forces killed 25 suspected insurgents during a clash in southern Afghanistan, while a suicide bombing targeting a NATO convoy wounded one civilian.
    (AP, 9/27/06)
2006        Sep 27, President Bush hosted a peacemaking dinner at the White House for the bickering leaders of Pakistan and Afghanistan, Gen. Pervez Musharraf and Hamid Karzai.
    (WSJ, 9/28/06, p.A1)(AP, 9/27/07)

2006        Sep 30, President Hamid Karzai said that he and the Pakistani president will jointly lead a series of tribal gatherings along their countries' shared border to quell attacks on Afghanistan by Pakistan-based Taliban rebels. A suicide bomber detonated his explosives in a busy pedestrian alley next to the Interior Ministry in Kabul, killing at least 12 people and wounding more than 40.
    (AP, 9/30/06)

2006        Oct 1, In Afghanistan 5 people were killed in various Taliban attacks and bomb blasts.
    (AP, 10/2/06)
2006        Oct 1, Pakistani police arrested six Afghan Taliban fighters at a private hospital in Pakistan's southwestern city of Quetta.
    (AP, 10/1/06)

2006        Oct 2, In Afghanistan 9 people were killed in various Taliban attacks and bomb blasts. They included four Afghan soldiers killed when their vehicle struck a bomb in Paktia province and five civilians killed in a bomb blast in Musa Qala in Helmand province in the south. Two gunbattles in eastern Afghanistan killed four Afghan and two US troops. NATO prepared to assume military command of all of the country from the US-led coalition.
    (AP, 10/2/06)(AP, 10/3/06)

2006        Oct 4, Afghanistan's intelligence agency said security agents have arrested 17 people allegedly trained in Pakistan who they believe planned to launch suicide attacks in three Afghan provinces. In southern Afghanistan suspected Taliban militants attacked a police checkpoint, and the ensuing clash left six militants dead and three wounded.
    (AP, 10/4/06)(AP, 10/5/06)

2006        Oct 5, NATO took over eastern Afghanistan from US-led forces, assuming control of 12,000 American troops and extending its military role to the entire country.
    (AP, 10/5/06)

2006        Oct 6, In eastern Afghanistan 2 suicide bombers blew themselves up, killing themselves and a policeman and wounding 17 other people.
    (AP, 10/6/06)

2006        Oct 7, In northern Afghanistan 2 German journalists working for the country's national broadcaster and traveling on their own were killed by gunmen, the first foreign journalists murdered here since late 2001. In southern Afghanistan a NATO soldier from Canada was killed in an attack by militants who exploded a roadside bomb and fired on a military patrol. In eastern Afghanistan the US-led coalition and Afghan forces killed five suspected insurgents in a clash in Paktika province.
    (AP, 10/7/06)(Reuters, 10/7/06)

2006        Oct 8, NATO said 142 Afghan civilians, 40 Afghan security forces and 13 international troops have died in suicide attacks since January.
    (AP, 10/8/06)
2006        Oct 8-2006 Oct 9, A joint offensive by coalition and Afghan forces, backed by NATO air support, killed 30 guerrillas in one area of Deh Rawud. Another 19 were killed in an operation by the Afghan army in another part of the district.
    (AP, 10/9/06)

2006        Oct 9, In eastern Afghanistan 5 people, including 3 officials on their way to investigate a school burning, were killed by a roadside bomb in Nangarhar province. 2 Taliban rebels were killed in return fire after insurgents attacked ISAF and Afghan soldiers who were distributing food in southeastern Zabul province.
    (AP, 10/10/06)(SFC, 10/10/06, p.A3)

2006        Oct 10, In Afghanistan a bomb struck a police bus in Kabul, wounding more than a dozen people.
    (AP, 10/10/06)

2006        Oct 12, In eastern Afghanistan a suicide bomber struck a vehicle carrying Afghan soldiers, wounding 16 people. A car bomb targeting a US patrol wounded three civilians. An Afghan soldier was killed in a separate ambush. NATO-led forces and Afghan troops clashed with suspected Taliban militants in southern Afghanistan, leaving as many as 20 suspected insurgents dead.
    (AP, 10/12/06)(AP, 10/13/06)

2006        Oct 13, In southern Afghanistan a suicide car bomber targeted a NATO convoy, killing a NATO soldier and eight civilians.
    (AP, 10/13/06)

2006        Oct 14, In eastern Afghanistan a roadside bomb exploded outside a provincial governor's compound. The governor was not hurt but another official was killed.
    (AP, 10/14/06)

2006        Oct 16, Suicide bombers struck in Afghanistan's two main cities, killing three civilians and wounding six. Elsewhere, seven suspected militants died in fighting with coalition and NATO forces.
    (AP, 10/16/06)

2006        Oct 17, In southern Afghanistan British troops pulled out of the Musa Qala district in Helmand province. A US-led coalition airstrike killed a suspected midlevel Taliban commander and up to 15 other militants. Suspected Taliban militants destroyed an oil tanker transporting fuel for NATO-led peacekeepers and killed its driver in southern Kandahar province's Spin Boldak district.
    (AP, 10/17/06)

2006        Oct 18, A rocket fired from an airplane hit a house during a clash between suspected Taliban insurgents and NATO and Afghan security forces in a southern village. A resident said 13 civilians were killed. At least one Taliban militant was killed and three police were wounded in four hours of fighting that started in Tajikai late the previous night.
    (AP, 10/18/06)

2006        Oct 19, President Hamid Karzai called on NATO forces to use caution during military operations, a day after 20 civilians were killed. In southern Afghanistan a suicide bomber killed two children and a British soldier. In eastern Afghanistan gunmen ambushed a car carrying Afghan civilians working on a remote US military base and killed eight of them execution-style.
    (AP, 10/19/06)(AP, 10/20/06)

2006        Oct 22, The Afghan government and the UN appealed for $43 million in aid to respond to a severe drought and help tens of thousands of families displaced by fighting in the country's south. In southern Afghanistan insurgents attacked a NATO convoy, sparking a gunbattle that killed 15 suspected militants and wounded two NATO troops. Fighting between forces loyal to two pro-government warlords in western Afghanistan left at least 12 people dead.
    (AP, 10/22/06)(AP, 10/23/06)

2006        Oct 23, An Afghan girl was killed and two wounded when a mortar test-fired by NATO troops fell short of its target and hit a home in eastern Kunar province.
    (AFP, 10/24/06)

2006        Oct 24, NATO soldiers killed 38 Taliban rebels in clashes in southern Afghanistan that also claimed a number of civilian lives. Villagers said that around 20 houses were destroyed and 60 people killed or wounded in the fighting around the Panjwayi area. They said none of the dead were Taliban. Afghan officials estimated up to 60 Taliban fighters and 85 civilians were killed in Panjwayi, a district in the former Taliban stronghold of Kandahar province. The Interior Ministry said 40 civilians and 20 Taliban militants were killed, while a Kandahar provincial council member, Bismallah Afghanmal, said up to 85 civilians died.
    (AFP, 10/25/06)(AP, 10/26/06)

2006        Oct 27, In southern Afghanistan a roadside blast ripped through a vehicle, killing 14 villagers and wounding three as they traveled to a provincial capital for holiday celebrations.
    (AP, 10/27/06)

2006        Oct 28, In southern Afghanistan NATO and Afghan troops killed 70 suspected militants who attacked a military base in Uruzgan province. A roadside blast killed one NATO soldier and wounded 8 others. Three National Geographic TV crew members were also hurt in a roadside bomb blast.
    (AP, 10/29/06)(AP, 11/2/06)

2006        Oct 30, In southern Afghanistan NATO troops fought a six-hour battle with insurgents in a firefight that left 55 militants and one NATO soldier dead. ISAF warplanes killed 12 insurgents in the southern province of Kandahar.
    (AP, 10/30/06)(AFP, 10/31/06)

2006        Oct 31, In eastern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed 3 NATO soldiers. A suicide bombing in southern Ghazni province's Taliban-dominated Ander district killed one policeman. Polio cases were reported to be on the rise along the Pakistan-Afghanistan border.
    (AFP, 10/31/06)(WSJ, 11/1/06, p.A1)

2006        Nov 2, In Afghanistan a NATO airstrike in Helmand province killed nine militants and wounded 30. Militants attacked an Afghan army patrol in the eastern province of Laghman, killing one solider and injuring three. British Corporal Daniel James, an interpreter to Lieutenant General David Richards, allegedly passed secrets to "the enemy," believed to be Iran. James faced initial court proceedings in London in December. Richards was the commander of NATO troops in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 11/4/06)(AFP, 12/27/06)

2006        Nov 3, In Afghanistan NATO troops backed by warplanes launched a raid north of Kabul, hitting a compound with eight to 10 suspected Taliban fighters inside in the Tagab Valley, some 40 miles northeast of Kabul. Taliban fighters attacked a supply convoy heading to a NATO base in Khost province, killing two Pakistani drivers and wounding an Afghan driver. Gabriele Torsello, Italian photojournalist, was released after being held three weeks by abductors who demanded the withdrawal of Italian troops from the country.
    (AP, 11/3/06)(AP, 11/4/06)

2006        Nov 4, In Afghanistan battles continued as NATO forces battled suspected insurgents near Kabul. Afghan authorities reported a dozen people dead in attacks.
    (AP, 11/4/06)

2006        Nov 5, In eastern Afghanistan suspected Taliban militants kidnapped four Afghan aid workers.
    (AP, 11/6/06)
2006        Nov 5, Pakistan, under international pressure to stop militants from crossing over its border with Afghanistan, said it was willing to fence off the frontier.
    (AP, 11/5/06)

2006        Nov 6, Afghan and US-led troops detained six suspected extremists, including one described as a "known al-Qaida terrorist." Taliban fighters ambushed a police patrol, killing one policeman and wounding two in Zabul province. One Taliban fighter was killed in an ensuing fight. In Helmand province Afghan and NATO forces carried out an operation against Taliban fighters, killing two. An Afghan army soldier was killed when another IED struck a military patrol in the Gereshk area of Helmand province.
    (AP, 11/6/06)(AP, 11/7/06)

2006        Nov 7, In Afghanistan a suicide attacker detonated explosives strapped to his body near the vehicle of the chief of the Tanai district on the border with Pakistan. District chief Badi-ulzaman and his two police guards were wounded in the suicide attack.
    (AP, 11/7/06)

2006        Nov 8, NATO launched airstrikes as clashes in the southern Afghan province of Kandahar killed 28 suspected Taliban militants. Earlier in Zhari, police fought for three hours with Taliban fighters. The clash left six Taliban dead and four wounded. Suspected Taliban ambushed a police convoy on the main Kandahar-Kabul highway in Shahjoy district of southern Zabul province, killing two police and wounding five. Taliban attacked a police post on a highway about 15 miles southeast of Khost. One policeman was killed and two wounded, and the bodies of about five militants, some dismembered, were left on the battlefield.
    (AP, 11/9/06)

2006        Nov 9, Afghan and US troops detained six people, four Afghans, an Arab and a Pakistani in the city of Khost. Later reports said the detainees included Abu Nasir al-Qahtani, one of four Arab al-Qaida operatives who escaped from the US prison in Bagram in July 2005.
    (AP, 11/9/06)(AP, 11/13/06)

2006        Nov 12, In eastern Afghanistan Paktika governor Muhammad Akram Khoplwak said more than 60 Taliban fighters were killed in 6 days of fighting. Chechen and Arab fighters were among the dead.
    (AFP, 11/12/06)

2006        Nov 16, In western Afghanistan flash floods caused by heavy rains killed nearly 60 people with 100 more missing.
    (AFP, 11/18/06)

2006        Nov 20, British PM Tony Blair told soldiers fighting a resurgent Taliban that success in Afghanistan would be a step toward global security, and pledged Britain's commitment to the war-torn country "for as long as it takes."
    (AP, 11/20/06)

2006        Nov 23, In central Afghanistan an insurgent rocket attack killed one NATO soldier and injured another while they were on patrol.
    (AP, 11/23/06)

2006        Nov 24, In Afghanistan US-led coalition troops clashed with Taliban insurgents killing seven of the militants.
    (Reuters, 11/24/06)
2006        Nov 24, Police said Pakistan has handed over 240 suspected Taliban fighters to Afghan authorities this week as a hunt for the Islamist militants continues in the country's southwest.
    (Reuters, 11/24/06)

2006        Nov 25, Insurgents attacked NATO-led forces Saturday near the Tirin Kot district of Uruzgan province. NATO returned fire and called in attack aircraft, killing approximately 50 insurgents.
    (http://tinyurl.com/yfs28z)(WSJ, 11/27/06, p.A1)

2006        Nov 26, In southeastern Afghanistan a suicide bomber blew himself up at a restaurant, killing 15 people and wounding 24, including an Afghan special forces commander and a district chief who were apparently targeted for the attack.
    (AP, 11/26/06)

2006        Nov 27, In southern Afghanistan a suicide car bomber attacked a convoy of foreign troops, killing two Canadian soldiers and an Afghan civilian.
    (AP, 11/27/06)

2006        Nov 28, In Afghanistan scores of militants alleged to be with Al-Qaeda stormed a checkpoint on the eastern border with Pakistan, sparking an hour-long battle that left at least two rebels dead. Suicide car bombs struck in Kandahar and Herat, killing a policeman and wounding a NATO soldier. A new UN report said Afghanistan's criminal underworld has compromised key government officials who protect drug traffickers, allowing a flourishing opium trade that will not be stamped out for a generation.
    (AP, 11/28/06)

2006        Nov 29, In southern Afghanistan a suicide bomber on a motorcycle blew himself up next to a NATO convoy, killing two civilians.
    (AP, 11/29/06)
2006        Nov 29, NATO leaders finished a two-day summit without agreement on some members' refusal to send troops into combat in Afghanistan's most dangerous regions. NATO vowed to give its troubled mission in Afghanistan the "forces, resources and flexibility needed" to tackle increasingly ferocious Taliban fighters. Leaders invited Serbia, Montenegro and Bosnia-Herzegovina to join a program considered a first step toward eventual membership, but urged Serbia and Bosnia to fully cooperate with the UN war crimes tribunal.
    (AP, 11/29/06)(AFP, 11/29/06)

2006        Dec 2, A civilian helicopter crashed in southern Afghanistan. Militants attacked a NATO convoy in southern Helmand province's Nawzad district. NATO troops fired back and called in airstrikes that left five militants dead. In Zabul province, suspected Taliban militants attacked a police checkpoint, sparking a gunbattle that left four insurgents dead and one police officer wounded. NATO troops also battled militants near Musa Qala in Helmand province for four hours. The fighting, including airstrikes, killed or wounded "a significant number of insurgents." Militants tried to block the main highway linking Kandahar and Helmand province, and a clash with police left three militants dead and eight wounded.
    (AP, 12/3/06)

2006        Dec 3, In southern Afghanistan a suicide car bomb exploded next to a British convoy in Kandahar city, and troops speeding away from the scene fired at several civilian cars. 3 Afghans were killed and 19 people were wounded, including three British soldiers. In southern Afghanistan an estimated 70 to 80 Taliban militants were killed by NATO soldiers in fighting after police told military authorities where insurgents had gathered.
    (AP, 12/3/06)(AP, 12/4/06)

2006        Dec 4, In Afghanistan 2 journalists, whose identities and media organization were not identified, reportedly went missing in Kandahar province.
    (AP, 12/5/06)

2006        Dec 5, A suicide bomber plowed his car into a convoy of NATO troops in Afghanistan's southern city of Kandahar, wounding nine civilians and two soldiers.
    (AP, 12/5/06)

2006        Dec 6, A suicide bomber killed two Americans and five Afghans outside a security contractor's southern Afghan compound.
    (AP, 12/6/06)

2006        Dec 7, In Afghanistan a suicide car bomb targeting a NATO convoy killed two civilians in Kandahar. Elsewhere a district chief and a senior policemen were killed by Taliban gunmen.
    (AFP, 12/7/06)

2006        Dec 9, In Afghanistan Taliban militants, following up on a death threat, broke into a house overnight in the Narang district of eastern Kunar province, and fatally shot two teachers and 3 other family members, bringing to 20 the number of educators slain in attacks this year. The top US anti-drug official said that Afghan poppies would be sprayed with herbicide to combat an opium trade that produced a record heroin haul this year, a measure likely to anger farmers and scare Afghans unfamiliar with weed killers. Afghan opium production this year increased 49% over 2005 and was providing 92% of the world supply.
    (AP, 12/9/06)(AP, 12/10/06)(Econ, 12/2/06, p.47)

2006        Dec 12, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber blew himself up at the governor's compound in southern Helmand province, killing 8 people, including 6 policemen and 2 civilians. In eastern Afghanistan 4 "military-aged males" and a girl (13) were killed in a raid by Afghan and US-led coalition forces. 8 suspected Taliban militants were killed and a policeman wounded in a joint operation by the Afghan police and army in western Farah province.
    (AP, 12/12/06)(AP, 12/14/06)

2006        Dec 13, NATO said there were some Taliban casualties in southern Afghanistan when NATO troops launched a "precision air strike against a known Taliban command post" in an isolated area of the Panjwayi district of Kandahar province.
    (AP, 12/14/06)

2006        Dec 14, In southern Afghanistan a suicide bomber blew himself up on a crowded street near a police vehicle outside the city of Qalat, killing four civilians and wounding 25 people.
    (AP, 12/14/06)

2006        Dec 16, Seven Afghan men arrived in their home country, weary, angry and proclaiming their innocence, after years of imprisonment in the US military prison at Guantanamo Bay.
    (AP, 12/16/06)

2006        Dec 17, Afghan officials replaced Helmand Gov. Mohammad Daud with Asadullah Wafa. Daud led the province that grows more than a third of the world's opium. Interior Ministry spokesman Zemeri Bashary said the appointment of Wafa would help increase security in Helmand, but insisted the increase in poppy cultivation had nothing to do with the change. In eastern Afghanistan a suicide bomber drove up to an American convoy and blew himself up, leaving one Afghan civilian dead and two others wounded. France said it is going to withdraw its 200-strong special forces from Afghanistan, all of its ground troops engaged in the US anti-terror operation there.
    (AP, 12/17/06)(AP, 12/18/06)

2006        Dec 18, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber rammed his vehicle into a coalition convoy, wounding two troops of the US-led coalition. Taliban militants beheaded a man and fatally stabbed another as a warning to villagers not to give the government or NATO information about Taliban activities.
    (AP, 12/18/06)(AP, 12/19/06)

2006        Dec 19, In Afghanistan Mullah Akhtar Mohammad Osmani, a top Taliban military commander described as a close associate of Osama bin Laden and Taliban leader Mullah Omar was killed, in an airstrike close to the border with Pakistan. Qari Yousef Ahmadi, a purported Taliban spokesman, denied that Osmani had been killed, saying the airstrike instead killed Mullah Abdul Zahir, a group commander, and three other Taliban fighters.
    (AP, 12/23/06)

2006        Dec 22, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb exploded next to a police patrol killing five policemen.
    (AP, 12/22/06)

2006        Dec 26, Pakistan said it would fence and mine parts of its border with Afghanistan to try to stop Taliban rebels crossing to wage their growing rebellion.
    (AP, 12/26/06)

2006        Dec 27, In southern Afghanistan a bomb explosion caused a NATO vehicle to crash, killing one British soldier and wounding three.
    (AP, 12/28/06)

2006        Dec 29, Fugitive Taliban chief Mullah Omar pledged in a statement to drive foreign troops out of Afghanistan, as NATO and Afghan forces killed more than 10 of his fighters in the volatile south.
    (AP, 12/29/06)

2006        Sarah Chayes authored “The Punishment of Virtue: Inside Afghanistan After the Taliban."
    (SSFC, 8/27/06, p.M3)
2006        Ann Jones authored “Kabul in Winter: Life Without Peace in Afghanistan."
    (SSFC, 3/19/06, p.M3)

2006        In Afghanistan the justice system was extremely corrupt. Judges earned $60 per month and most of them were Islamic clerics with little knowledge of the secular laws they were supposed to enforce.
    (Econ, 4/15/06, p.46)
2006        In Afghanistan Arsala Jamal was appointed as governor of Khost province. His rule marked the beginning of progress against the tide of violence in the area.
    (Econ, 12/15/07, p.32)
2006        In Afghanistan Kabul’s electricity grid offered 4 hours of power every other day. Continuous supply was not expected until at least 2008.
    (Econ, 2/4/06, p.38)
2006        Some 15 million Pushtuns lived in Afghanistan, making up about 50% of the population. Another 28 million lived in Pakistan, mostly in the North-West Frontier Province (NWFP), and they represented about 15% of Pakistan’s population.
    (Econ, 12/23/06, p.36)
2006        The NATO-run Int’l. Security Assistance Force (ISAF) expected to assume full responsibility for peace-keeping and counter-insurgency in Afghanistan by the end of this year. American forces of  20,000 were to be merged into ISAF, whose forces were to spread further into eastern Afghanistan.
    (Econ, 2/4/06, p.37)
2006        In Afghanistan an initiative to create the Afghan National auxiliary Police (ANAP) was designed to boost the security forces in unstable districts by enrolling local youths vetted by tribal leaders. Many defected or sold their equipment to insurgents and the program was abandoned a year later.
    (Econ, 4/11/09, p.40)   
2006        Some 2,000 Netherlands’ forces took control of Afghanistan’s Uruzgan province.
    (Econ, 3/14/09, p.48)
2006        Afghanistan produced 6,100 tons of opium, about 92% of the world total.
    (Econ, 6/30/07, p.69)
2006        Fighting between soldiers and insurgents in southern Afghanistan claimed over 4,400 lives this year, including over 1,000 civilians.
    (Econ, 8/25/07, p.78)

2007        Jan 3, Afghanistan’s the interior ministry said Afghan and NATO troops killed 17 rebels, including two commanders, in a sweep of a Taliban stronghold in southern Afghanistan. In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed five Afghan security forces and wounded four as they patrolled with NATO troops.
    (AFP, 1/3/07)(AP, 1/4/07)

2007        Jan 4, NATO and Afghan forces fought a three-hour ground battle with suspected Taliban militants in southern Afghan mountains, killing 15 of them. 3 suspected Taliban died when a land mine they were planting on a highway in Grieshk district exploded prematurely.
    (AP, 1/5/07)

2007        Jan 5, In eastern Afghanistan a suicide bomber in a car wounded four soldiers.
    (AP, 1/6/07)

2007        Jan 6, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb struck a NATO vehicle, wounding one soldier.
    (AP, 1/6/07)

2007        Jan 7, In eastern Afghanistan a roadside bomb ripped through a vehicle, killing a woman, her two newborn twin babies and the children's grandmother.
    (AP, 1/7/07)

2007        Jan 10, NATO forces called in airstrikes on Taliban positions during a clash in the village of Gereshk in Helmand province. On the other side of the border, the Pakistan military attacked trucks used by insurgents for cross-border raids.
    (AP, 1/11/07)

2007        Jan 11, NATO forces overnight fought two large groups of suspected Taliban militants crossing the border from Pakistan, and scores of insurgents were killed. Some 150 militants under Jalaluddin Haqqani were killed by the US 10th Mountain Division.
    (AP, 1/11/07)(WSJ, 11/7/07, p.A16)

2007        Jan 12, A suicide bomber rammed his explosives-filled car into a two-vehicle convoy carrying foreigners south of Kabul, wounding at least one Afghan civilian.
    (AP, 1/12/07)

2007        Jan 13, In Afghanistan British marines, supported by Dutch and British attack helicopters, staged a pre-dawn attack on a mud-brick compound atop a barren hill where insurgents were thought hiding, setting off a battle that killed 16 suspected militants and one marine in Helmand province. US warplanes dropped 500-pound bombs.
    (AP, 1/14/07)

2007        Jan 14, Sen. Hillary Rodham Clinton ate breakfast with soldiers from New York and Indiana at the main US base in Afghanistan before meeting with the top American general in Afghanistan and Afghan President Hamid Karzai. After leaving Kabul, Clinton went to Lahore, Pakistan, where she met with the Pakistani president, Gen. Pervez Musharraf. A suicide bomber blew himself up near a convoy of foreign construction workers and Afghan soldiers in southern Afghanistan, wounding one civilian.
    (AP, 1/14/07)

2007        Jan 15, In southern Afghanistan NATO troops attacked a militant base in an operation that left one Western soldier dead and several wounded. 13 suspected Taliban militants were killed and 17 others were wounded during the clash with NATO troops. Gunmen in the east killed a deputy provincial council chief. Afghan agents arrested Abul Haq Haqiq, aka Dr. Mohammad Hanif, one of two spokesmen who often contacted journalists on behalf of the Taliban, in eastern Afghanistan. He said that fugitive leader Mullah Mohammad Omar is under the protection of the ISI in Quetta. (ISI is Pakistan's Inter-Services Intelligence agency and Quetta is a city in southwestern Pakistan near the border with Afghanistan.) Afghan officials have alleged some of the Taliban's leadership may be based there.
    (AP, 1/15/07)(AP, 1/16/07)(AFP, 1/17/07)

2007        Jan 16, In southern Afghanistan NATO-led troops and Afghan forces detained a prominent Taliban commander during a raid on a compound.
    (AP, 1/17/07)

2007        Jan 18, A suicide bomber detonated his explosives next to Afghan soldiers in an eastern Afghan market, killing one soldier and wounding three.
    (AP, 1/18/07)

2007        Jan 20, The Taliban's governing body said it has decided to open schools in the areas controlled by the militants in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 1/21/07)

2007        Jan 22, Pakistan's military lodged a protest saying US-led forces in Afghanistan mistakenly fired at a Pakistani border post and killed a soldier. A suicide car bomber attacked a military convoy in northwestern Pakistan, killing himself and at least four soldiers.
    (AP, 1/22/07)

2007        Jan 23, In eastern Afghanistan a bomber blew himself up amid a crowd of workers outside a US military base, killing as many as 10 and wounding more than a dozen others in the deadliest suicide attack in four months.
    (AP, 1/23/07)

2007        Jan 25, Officials said Afghanistan's heroin-producing poppies will not be sprayed with herbicide this year despite a record crop in 2006 and US pressure to allow the tactic. In southern Afghanistan a NATO airstrike destroyed a Taliban command post, killing a suspected senior militant leader. In eastern Afghanistan border police clashed with suspected militants in Gomal district in Paktika province, leaving 10 suspected Taliban and one police dead.
    (AP, 1/25/07)(AP, 1/26/07)

2007        Jan 26, In Afghanistan an assailant gunned down lawmaker Maulavi Mohammed Islam Mohammadi. He was the Taliban's governor of Bamiyan province and had overseen the destruction of two Buddha statues carved into a cliff under the former Taliban regime. In 2005 Mohammadi said: "It was foreigners like Chechens and Arabs with the Taliban who made the decision. They were crazy people. Even though I was governor, I had no power." A suicide bomber blew himself up outside the offices of an aid group in the capital of Helmand province, Lashkar Gah. A policeman and two civilians were wounded.
    (AP, 1/26/07)

2007        Jan 28, Afghan Pres. Karzai told House Speaker Nancy Pelosi that his security forces need to be stronger as the two discussed possible US troop increases.
    (AP, 1/28/07)

2007        Jan 30, Pakistan's PM Musharraf appealed to the European Union to help repatriate some 3 million Afghan refugees, a move he said would help clear his country of militants blamed for attacks in border regions.
    (AP, 1/30/07)

2007        Jan 31, The Afghan Parliament voted for an amnesty for leaders accused of war crimes during a quarter-century of fighting, arguing that it would help heal deep divisions.
    (AP, 2/1/07)

2007        Jan, Kashmir Khan, Taliban commander in Konar and Nuristan provinces, met for an  interview with a Western journalist. He noted that Taliban enlistees get paid some $140 per month as compared to $100 paid by the Afghan National Army.
    (SSFC, 1/21/07, p.A12)

2007        Feb 1, The United States presented hundreds of armored vehicles and trucks and thousands of weapons to the Afghan army as Afghanistan braces for renewed fighting with Taliban-led insurgents.
    (AP, 2/1/07)

2007        Feb 1, The United States presented hundreds of armored vehicles and trucks and thousands of weapons to the Afghan army as Afghanistan braces for renewed fighting with Taliban-led insurgents. In southern Afghanistan Taliban militants overran Musa Qala, where a contentious peace agreement was negotiated last fall, roaming through the town center, burning its government compound and threatening elders. In eastern Paktika province coalition aircraft dropped two bombs, killing as many as seven militants.
    (AP, 2/1/07)(AP, 2/2/07)

2007        Feb 2, President Gen. Pervez Musharraf said Pakistan will erect fencing to reinforce parts of its porous mountain border with Afghanistan, acknowledging for the first time that some outgunned Pakistani frontier guards have allowed militants to cross. The United States handed over eight Cobra attack helicopters to Pakistan, which is under growing pressure to stop Taliban guerrillas crossing into Afghanistan to fight NATO forces.   
    (AP, 2/2/07)(Reuters, 2/2/07)

2007        Feb 4, Gen. Dan McNeill, the highest-ranking US general to lead troops in Afghanistan, took command of 35,500 strong NATO-led force, putting an American face on the international mission after nine months of British command under Gen. David Richards. A NATO airstrike killed a senior Taliban leader riding in a car near Musa Qala.
    (AP, 2/4/07)

2007        Feb 9, Taliban militants ambushed a truck full of Afghan police in southern Afghanistan, killing four officers and injuring three. A separate gunfight left 11 Taliban fighters dead.
    (AP, 2/10/07)

2007        Feb 10, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber detonated his vehicle near a NATO convoy outside Kandahar city, killing himself but hurting no one else.
    (AP, 2/10/07)

2007        Feb 11, Helmand’s provincial governor said an estimated 700 foreign fighters are operating in a southern Afghan province where Taliban fighters overran a town earlier this month. Asserting a right to self-defense the commander of US forces in the region said American forces in eastern Afghanistan have launched artillery rounds into Pakistan to strike Taliban fighters who attack remote US outposts. A US service member died of a gunshot wound in northern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 2/11/07)

2007        Feb 12, Helmand Governor Asadullah Wafa said at least 700 Taliban fighters have crossed from Pakistan into Afghanistan to reinforce guerrillas attacking the key Kajaki dam, a major source of electricity and irrigation. Several Taliban fighters were killed in an attack targeting a senior guerrilla leader.
    (Reuters, 2/12/07)

2007        Feb 14, NATO officials said warplanes struck a Taliban compound in southern Afghanistan with "precision munitions," killing an area commander and about 10 of his men. Villagers said the raid in the southern province of Helmand also killed civilians. NATO said Taliban fighters used children as human shields to flee heavy fighting this week during an operation by foreign and Afghan forces to clear rebels from around a key hydro-electric dam. In eastern Afghanistan US-led troops killed a suspected militant and detained 6 others, including one with alleged links to fugitive Taliban leader Mullah Omar.
    (AFP, 2/14/07)(Reuters, 2/14/07)(AP, 2/16/07)

2007        Feb 16, A rebel commander said the Taliban have deployed 10,000 fighters for a spring offensive of "bloody attacks" against foreign troops in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 2/16/07)

2007        Feb 17, NATO-led forces in southern Afghanistan shot to death an Afghan civilian mistaken for a suicide bomber because of twine and straps protruding from his jacket.
    (AP, 2/18/07)

2007        Feb 18, A US military helicopter crashed in southeastern Afghanistan after its pilot reported engine failure, killing eight American troops and wounding 14. A roadside bomb killed four officers involved in opium poppy eradication in Farah province. In western Ghor province a clash between poppy farmers and police involved in eradication left one civilian dead and two wounded.
    (AP, 2/18/07)(AP, 2/19/07)

2007        Feb 19, In Afghanistan suspected Taliban insurgents briefly captured Bakwa, a small town in Farah province after police abandoned their posts.
    (AP, 2/19/07)

2007        Feb 20, In eastern Afghanistan a suicide attacker disguised as a health worker blew himself up at a hospital opening ceremony, wounding at least 6 US soldiers. An official said Afghan authorities raided dozens of guesthouses suspected of illegally serving alcohol and arrested 14 people, including five foreigners, in a crackdown on vice in this Islamic country.
    (AP, 2/20/07)(WSJ, 2/21/07, p.A1)

2007        Feb 23, In Kabul some 25,000 people, including top government figures and former fighters, rallied to support a proposed amnesty for Afghans suspected of war crimes.
    (AP, 2/23/07)

2007        Feb 27, A suicide bomber attacked the entrance to the main US military base in Afghanistan during a visit by VP Dick Cheney, killing up to 23 people and wounding 20. In Kandahar a suicide attacker targeting Afghan police blew himself up, wounding three people. Suspected Islamic militants captured and beheaded an Afghan teacher whom they accused of being a spy for the US. The man's body was found in a large sack dumped by a road near Jandola, a town in the South Waziristan tribal district.
    (AP, 2/27/07)(AP, 2/28/07)

2007        Mar 1, In western Afghanistan a bomb targeting a provincial police chief's vehicle killed two people and wounded 53. Authorities in Helmand province found the bullet-riddled body of a kidnapped doctor.
    (AFP, 3/1/07)

2007        Mar 2, In western Afghanistan insurgents attacked a police post, leaving one police officer dead and two wounded. A mortar round landed on a US military outpost in the same Herat province, wounding 12 civilian Afghan workers and two Afghan soldiers.
    (AP, 3/3/07)

2007        Mar 3, A bomb blast in western Afghanistan killed two Afghan civilians and wounded 17 others. In southern Afghanistan 2 British soldiers were killed during a NATO combat operation.
    (AP, 3/3/07)(AFP, 3/4/07)

2007        Mar 4, In eastern Afghanistan a suicide attack by an explosives-filled minivan hit an American convoy. US Marine Special Forces fleeing a militant ambush opened fire on civilian cars and pedestrians on a busy highway in Nangarhar province. As many as 19 people were killed and 34 wounded in the violence. The marine unit involved was soon ordered to leave Afghanistan. The attack was carried out by a breakaway faction of Hezb-e-Islami that was once led by Younis Khalis, a former mujahedeen commander who died last year. The group is now believed to be led by a son of Khalis. A US-led coalition airstrike destroyed a mud-brick home, killing nine people from four generations of an Afghan family during a clash between Western troops and militants. On May 23, 2008, Lt. Gen. Samuel Helland, the commander of US Marine Corps Forces, Central Command, decided not to bring charges after reviewing the findings of a special tribunal.
    (AP, 3/4/07)(AP, 3/5/07)(SFC, 3/24/07, p.A8)(SFC, 1/9/08, p.A13)(AP, 5/24/08)

2007        Mar 6, In southern Afghanistan a remote-control bomb targeting a police vehicle on killed one policeman and wounded another in the Murja district of Helmand province. Afghan soldiers caught Mullah Mahmood, a senior Taliban commander at a checkpoint in Kandahar province. He was wearing a burqa, the all-encompassing Islamic veil worn by women. One British soldier and four Taliban fighters were killed. A Canadian soldier died from a gunshot wound to the chest. Enemy action was ruled out as the cause. The Taliban claimed that it had kidnapped 4 journalists, including a Briton and an Italian.
    (AP, 3/6/07)(AP, 3/7/07)(WSJ, 3/7/07, p.A1)

2007        Mar 7, In Afghanistan NATO forces fought Taliban militants in the second day of the alliance's largest-ever offensive. Mullah Abdul Qassim, a top Taliban commander in Helmand province told The Associated Press that his group has 4,000 fighters bracing to rebuff NATO's largest-ever offensive in southern Afghanistan. Suicide bombers are ready, land mines have been planted and helicopters will be targeted.
    (AP, 3/7/07)

2007        Mar 8, Fugitive Afghan rebel leader Gulbuddin Hekmatyar used a video to tell The Associated Press that his forces have ended cooperation with the Taliban and suggested that he was open to talks with embattled President Hamid Karzai. In northern Afghanistan gunmen killed a German aid worker and robbed his three Afghan colleagues. A suicide bomber targeting a NATO convoy wounded five civilians in the country's south.
    (AP, 3/8/07)(AP, 3/8/07)

2007        Mar 9, In Afghanistan a remote-controlled roadside bomb ripped through the vehicle of Mullah Naqeeb, an influential pro-government tribal elder, injuring him and nine others. 6 people died after being wounded in the bombing of the armored vehicle. The Afghan elder played a key role in dealing with the Taliban. Police detained five men in connection with the killing of a German aid worker in northern Afghanistan. The five were detained in the province of Sari Pul, where Dieter Ruebling, 65, worked for aid group German Agro Action. Two gunmen killed Ruebling and robbed his three Afghan colleagues after stopping their two vehicles near the village of Mirza Wolang in Sayyad district.
    (AP, 3/9/07)(AP, 3/10/07)

2007        Mar 10, Afghanistan's lower house of parliament voted into law a revised resolution calling for an amnesty for groups suspected of perpetrating war crimes during a quarter century of fighting, but also recognizing the rights of victims to seek justice. A top Taliban commander issued a chilling threat, promising to kill a kidnapped Italian journalist unless the movement's arrested spokesmen were freed and a date was set for the withdrawal of Italian troops from Afghanistan. In southern Afghanistan clashes between Afghan police and Taliban militants killed eight officers and two Taliban. In Zabul Taliban militants attacked police on the main highway between Kabul and Kandahar. A ½ hour gunfight left 2 Taliban dead and 4 wounded.
    (AP, 3/10/07)(AFP, 3/10/07)(AP, 3/11/07)
2007        Mar 10, In a Web statement Islamic militants threatened to attack Germany and Austria unless the two European nations break ranks with the US and withdraw their personnel from Afghanistan. A separate, previously unknown Iraqi insurgent group released a video on the Web threatening to kill a German woman and her son kidnapped in Iraq unless Germany withdrew its troops from Afghanistan within 10 days.
    (AP, 3/11/07)

2007        Mar 12, In southern Afghanistan NATO and Afghan troops clashed with suspected insurgents, shortly before calling in an airstrike on a compound that left two militants dead.
    (AP, 3/12/07)

2007        Mar 13, A suicide bomber crossed the border from Pakistan into southern Afghanistan and blew himself up in a crowded pedestrian area, killing three civilians and wounding eight.
    (AP, 3/13/07)

2007        Mar 14, In eastern Afghanistan a suicide bomber struck near a police convoy killing 5 people with 38 wounded. Attacks elsewhere left 4 more dead. At least six people were killed in an explosion in Kabul caused by gunpowder in shops selling ammunition for hunting rifles. 9 others were injured. An Italian journalist kidnapped in Afghanistan last week appeared in a video shown on television appealing to Premier Romano Prodi to work for his release.
    (AFP, 3/14/07)(AP, 3/14/07)(AP, 3/14/07)(SFC, 3/15/07, p.A9)

2007        Mar 15, US-led coalition forces mistakenly killed five Afghan police in a clash in a southern province.
    (AP, 3/16/07)

2007        Mar 17, In southern Afghanistan a suicide bomber targeting a Canadian military convoy killed a child and wounded a NATO soldier and three other people. More than 1,400 artifacts, protected from looters and the Taliban since 1999 at a museum-in-exile in Switzerland, were returned to the National Museum of Afghanistan. In western Afghanistan a two-hour clash between suspected Taliban militants and police left two officers dead. Taliban guerrillas chopped noses and ears of at least five truck drivers in eastern Afghanistan as punishment for transporting supplies to US-led troops.
    (AP, 3/17/07)(AP, 3/18/07)(Reuters, 3/18/07)

2007        Mar 18, Afghanistan's Taliban said it had handed an Italian journalist, whom it captured two weeks ago and threatened to kill, to tribal elders pending a final deal for his release.
    (AP, 3/18/07)

2007        Mar 19, In Afghanistan Italian reporter Daniele Mastrogiacomo (52), kidnapped on March 5, was freed by the Taliban. His translator also was kidnapped and officials hope he will be released. However, their driver, Sayed Agha, was beheaded by the captors. The next day the Afghan government admitted to exchanging 5 Taliban prisoners for the Italian hostage as the UN and US led criticism of any negotiations with "terrorists." A suicide car bomber attacked a three-vehicle US Embassy convoy on a dangerous road in Kabul, killing an Afghan teenager and wounding 5 security personnel.
    (AP, 3/19/07)(AP, 3/20/07)(AFP, 3/22/07)

2007        Mar 21, In Afghanistan Dutch ministers urged the Afghan government to step up its presence and development in the troubled south, where Taliban insurgents are most entrenched, saying NATO cannot do it alone.
    (AFP, 3/21/07)

2007        Mar 22, Fighting between Afghan forces and Taliban militants in Helmand province killed at least 49 militants and 7 police in what appears to be the biggest independent operation yet by Afghan forces. Taliban commanders tried to negotiate an end to four days of battles between Pakistani tribesmen and foreign Al-Qaeda militants that have left at least 120 dead.
    (AP, 3/22/07)(AFP, 3/22/07)(AP, 3/23/07)

2007        Mar 23, Militants ambushed a convoy carrying Afghan soldiers. In the ensuing clash, three suspected Taliban were killed and six were wounded.
    (AP, 3/24/07)
2007        Mar 23, In Pakistan Ali Mohammed Jan Aurakzai, the North West Frontier Province governor, said clashes between Pakistani tribesmen and foreign militants near the Afghan border this week have left up to 160 people dead, including about 130 Uzbek and Chechen fighters. Officials said warring tribesmen and foreign Al-Qaeda militants have agreed to a ceasefire after four days of bloodshed in the border region.
    (AP, 3/23/07)

2007        Mar 24, In Afghanistan militants attacked a police checkpoint near Tirin Kot in Uruzgan province in a clash that left two police and six militants dead. Afghan and US-led coalition troops repelled an attack by insurgents in eastern Paktika province, leaving 12 militants dead. A joint force of Afghan army, police and intelligence killed 11 Taliban militants in Lashkar Gah, the capital of Helmand province. Separately, suspected Taliban insurgents clashed with villagers in western Afghanistan, leaving three militants killed and one villager wounded.
    (AP, 3/24/07)(AP, 3/25/07)(AFP, 3/25/07)

2007        Mar 25, In Afghanistan suspected Taliban militants attacked a district office in Wardak province in a clash that left 15 militants and two officers dead. In Ghazni province Afghan police and soldiers launched a joint operation against militants in Andar district, which left five suspected Taliban dead and seven wounded.
    (AP, 3/27/07)

2007        Mar 26, A suicide bomber in a car attacked a NATO convoy in the southern province of Kandahar, killing himself but causing no alliance casualties. The US urged European countries to provide more troops for Afghanistan and to free them up for combat, as well as to provide further aid to the war-shattered country.
    (AP, 3/26/07)(AP, 3/27/07)

2007        Mar 27, In southern Afghanistan a suicide attacker dressed in army uniform blew himself up outside a provincial police headquarters, killing four policemen.
    (AP, 3/27/07)

2007        Mar 28, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber trying to blend in with street beggars exploded himself near a top intelligence official in a crowded part of Kabul, killing four people.
    (AP, 3/28/07)

2007        Mar 29, A NATO soldier was killed and three wounded during an operation in eastern Afghanistan. Suspected Taliban militants attacked a checkpoint manned by Afghan troops, leaving eight militants and five Afghan troops dead.
    (AP, 3/30/07)(AP, 3/31/07)

2007        Mar, In Afghan a group of parliamentarians and members of government formed the National Unity Front. It proposed various constitutional reforms including the direct election of provincial governors. Many of the Front’s members stood accused of war crimes.
    (Econ, 4/28/07, p.46)

2007        Apr 1, In southern Afghanistan the Taliban executed three men accused of spying for NATO and government forces. A NATO airstrike targeted a compound housing Taliban militants in Shahjoy district of Zabul province, killing seven suspected militants inside. NATO-led troops and police clashed with suspected Taliban militants in Kandahar's Zhari district, leaving six militants dead. In eastern Afghanistan flash floods caused by torrential rains killed at least 16 people and destroyed dozens of houses near the Hindu Kush mountain range.
    (AP, 4/1/07)(AFP, 4/1/07)(AP, 4/2/07)

2007        Apr 2, In Afghanistan 3 police died when militants attacked a checkpoint on the road linking the southern town of Kandahar with Spin Boldak on the Pakistan-Afghanistan border.
    (AP, 4/2/07)

2007        Apr 3, UN officials in Afghanistan said avalanches and floods triggered by heavy rains and spring snow melt have killed about 150 people in recent days in the mountains of central Asia. The toll in Afghanistan reached 88 with over 50 killed in Pakistan. In southwest Afghanistan 2 French aid workers and their three Afghan staff went missing between Nimroz and neighboring Farah province.
    (AP, 4/3/07)(AP, 4/4/07)

2007        Apr 6, in Afghanistan a suicide car bomber hit a police checkpoint in Kabul, killing four people, including a policeman who tried to stop him. Taliban rebels seized control of Khak Afghan district in southern Zabul province.
    (AP, 4/6/07)(AFP, 4/6/07)

2007        Apr 7, In southwestern Afghanistan suspected Taliban militants ambushed Afghan workers of an American de-mining company, leaving seven people dead and four wounded. Officials said more than 1,000 NATO and Afghan troops clashed with Taliban and took over control of Sangin, a district center in southern Afghanistan long held by the militants.
    (AP, 4/7/07)

2007        Apr 8, A purported spokesman for the Taliban said the kidnapped translator for an Italian journalist was killed in southern Afghanistan. In the eastern Paktika province, two Afghan guards were killed and five wounded during a four-hour firefight with Taliban militants. In eastern Khost province, a gunman riding on the back of a motorcycle opened fire on Afghans working for NATO's International Security Assistance Force, killing two of the men and wounding another. In eastern Nangarhar province, a suicide car bomber blew himself up next to a US-led coalition convoy. 2 roadside bombs in southern Afghanistan left seven NATO soldiers dead. 6 Canadians died in one of the 2 blasts.
    (AP, 4/8/07)(AP, 4/9/07)

2007        Apr 9, Suspected Taliban militants ambushed an Afghan army convoy with rocket propelled grenades in southern Afghanistan, killing two soldiers and wounding up to 14. Suspected Taliban attacked a police vehicle north of Kandahar city, leaving a policeman dead.
    (AP, 4/10/07)

2007        Apr 11, In southern Afghanistan a suicide car bomber struck a NATO convoy, wounding seven civilians, while a US-led coalition airstrike killed 13 suspected militants. Another bomb blast in the south killed two Canadian soldiers and wounded three others.
    (AP, 4/11/07)(AP, 4/12/07)

2007        Apr 12, In southern Afghanistan a US-led coalition and Afghan troops backed by aircraft clashed with suspected Taliban fighters, leaving more than 35 militants dead. Roadside bombs struck two NATO convoys in the east, killing two soldiers. US and Afghan troops rescued five civilian contractors pinned down by small arms fire from insurgents in central Afghanistan after their helicopter made an emergency landing. A coalition aircraft attacked the militants, killing three. The contractors were evacuated to a nearby coalition base.
    (AP, 4/13/07)

2007        Apr 13, A firefight in southern Afghanistan killed one NATO soldier and wounded two others. Eight suspected insurgents were killed by British forces west of Basra. The suspects had been planting bombs in the path of a British patrol.
    (AP, 4/13/07)(AP, 4/14/07)

2007        Apr 14, In eastern Afghanistan a suicide bomber blew himself up next to several Afghan border policemen, leaving at least seven officers dead and six others wounded. 3 suspected militants carrying explosives on their bodies were killed when their bombs went off just outside the southern city of Ghazni. Also in Ghazni, two Afghan army soldiers were killed when their vehicle struck a roadside bomb in the province's Ander district.
    (AP, 4/14/07)(AFP, 4/14/07)

2007        Apr 15, Afghanistan's government promised to end all hostage deals with the Taliban after two Afghan kidnap victims were executed in an agreement to free an Italian journalist.  In southern Afghanistan a suicide bomber targeted a private US security firm, killing up to four Afghans working for the company and wounding another. In Ghazni province, southwest of Kabul, a clash between Afghan forces and insurgents left 15 militants dead and 15 wounded. Police and US-led coalition forces attacked suspected Taliban insurgents crossing from Pakistan into Afghanistan, killing 10 militants and wounding 15.
    (AFP, 4/15/07)(AP, 4/16/07)

2007        Apr 16, In northern Afghanistan a suicide bomber ran onto a police training field in Kunduz and blew himself up, killing up to 10 policemen and wounding dozens of others.
    (AP, 4/16/07)

2007        Apr 17, US Marine Gen. Peter Pace said US-led coalition forces in southern Afghanistan recently intercepted Iranian-made weapons that were being shipped to Taliban fighters. A roadside bomb hit a United Nations vehicle in southern Afghanistan's main city, killing four Nepalese guards and an Afghan driver. An old artillery shell exploded outside a school compound in the western city of Herat, killing four children and wounding five others. Afghan troops searched a compound and discovered 18 rocket propelled grenades and 27 AK-47 weapons. The compound's guard later confessed that he commanded more than 100 Taliban fighters. Staff at Tolo TV, the leading Afghan independent broadcaster, were beaten by police. Attorney general Abdul Jabar Sabet had ordered their arrest because he objected to the editing of an interview he had given. Tolo aired footage of the raid.
    (AP, 4/17/07)(SFC, 4/18/07, p.A9)(AP, 4/19/07)

2007        Apr 18, More than 100 journalists protested a police raid ordered by Afghanistan's attorney general on a private TV station that has fueled concern over growing government harassment of the media. Afghan and US-led coalition forces clashed with Taliban fighters and called in an airstrike in southern Afghanistan, leaving 24 suspected militants dead and two coalition soldiers wounded. Three other suspected militants were reported killed in the western provinces. In eastern Afghanistan coalition and Afghan forces arrested five suspected al-Qaida. A US-led coalition convoy hit a boy in Kabul and killed him.
    (AP, 4/18/07)(AP, 4/19/07)

2007        Apr 20, A purported Taliban statement demanded the release of a number of the group's fighters and the withdrawal of French troops from Afghanistan in exchange for the freedom of two kidnapped French aid workers. In southern Afghanistan separate explosions killed two NATO soldiers. A Dutch soldier was killed in one explosion, the first fatality from hostile action among Dutch troops serving with NATO forces in the country.
    (AP, 4/20/07)(AP, 4/21/07)

2007        Apr 21, Taliban insurgents vowed a new round of attacks against Afghan and foreign troops in the war-torn country, promising to focus more attention on the relatively-peaceful north. Suspected Taliban militants ambushed a police patrol in eastern Afghanistan in a clash that left five militants and one police officer dead. NATO-led troops shot and killed a suspected militant and wounded another in the south. In Nangarhar province US and Afghan troops killed one person and detained nine others during a raid on a compound.
    (AFP, 4/21/07)(AP, 4/21/07)(AP, 4/22/07)

2007        Apr 22, In eastern Afghanistan 2 suicide bombers blew themselves up in Khost, killing 11 civilians and wounding over 40 others. In Paktia province, a mob of Taliban fighters ambushed a police patrol, kicking off a three-hour battle that left 5 Taliban dead. Assailants in Laghman province bombed an intelligence service vehicle in an attack that killed two intelligence service officers, a soldier and a driver in the provincial capital of Mehtar Lam. In Ghazni province assailants abducted and beheaded an Afghan intelligence service employee.
    (AFP, 4/22/07)(AP, 4/23/07)

2007        Apr 23, In Afghanistan assailants in Laghman province struck an intelligence service vehicle with a remote-controlled bomb, killing six employees and wounding three. In Zabul province, a roadside bomb hit police as they were patrolling in Shamulzayi district, killing two policemen and wounding five others.
    (AP, 4/23/07)

2007        Apr 24, Afghan and international forces clashed overnight with Taliban insurgents in two separate gun battles in the south and west, leaving 13 militants dead and four other people wounded. Five more “enemy elements" were killed in the northeastern province of Kunar in an operation by troops from the Afghan security forces and US-led coalition. Militants ambushed a police car in the west, killing four officers, in the Guzara district in Herat province. Fighting in Ghazni province left three construction company guards and seven Taliban dead.
    (AFP, 4/24/07)(AFP, 4/25/07)

2007        Apr 25, In eastern Afghanistan a roadside bomb attack on an Afghan military convoy left seven soldiers dead. A suicide attacker blew himself up close to the vehicle of a district governor of Paktika. Militants ambushed a police vehicle in the western province of Herat overnight and killed three policemen. Afghan police and US special troops clashed with foreign militants in eastern Afghanistan, killing at least five militants.
    (AP, 4/25/07)(AP, 4/26/07)

2007        Apr 26, More than 100 suspected Taliban attacked Giro, setting fire to buildings and cutting telephone lines. The district mayor, police chief and three policemen were killed during several hours of fighting. It was estimated that about 10 of the militants also died.
    (AP, 4/27/07)

2007        Apr 27, Hundreds of Afghan soldiers and police retook the Giro district from the Taliban, pushing out militants who had seized the area in fierce fighting a day earlier.
    (AP, 4/27/07)

2007        Apr 28, Richard Holbrooke, the former US ambassador to the UN, said Afghanistan's US-backed government, tarnished by corruption and unable to control large swaths of its own territory, is rapidly losing the support of ordinary Afghans.
    (AP, 4/28/07)
2007        Apr 28, The Taliban freed a female French aid worker who was kidnapped more than three weeks ago, but demanded the withdrawal of French troops or release of prisoners for the freedom of a French man and three Afghans still being held. Afghan and coalition forces clashed with Taliban militants in separate incidents in the east and south, killing 21 insurgents.
    (AFP, 4/28/07)(AP, 4/28/07)

2007        Apr 29, Hundreds of angry protesters chanting "Death to Bush" demonstrated in eastern Afghanistan after six people, including a woman and a teenage girl, were reportedly killed when US-led coalition and Afghan forces raided a suspected car bomb cell. Afghanistan's education minister said at least 85 students and teachers were killed last year in attacks blamed on insurgents who oppose education for girls and teaching boys anything other than religion. In western Afghanistan coalition and Afghan forces attacked the insurgents and called in an airstrike, destroying seven Taliban positions and killing 87 fighters during a 14-hour engagement in Herat province.
    (AP, 4/29/07)(AP, 4/30/07)

2007        Apr 30, The presidents of Afghanistan and Pakistan, a meeting arranged by Turkish leaders, agreed to share intelligence on extremist groups to bolster efforts to deny sanctuary, training and financing to terrorists in both countries. NATO-led troops killed 75 suspected insurgents on the first day of an operation against Taliban militants in a valley in southern Helmand province. Hundreds of people demonstrated in the Shindand district of the western province of Herat, after coalition and Afghan operations there on April 27 and 29, insisting that civilians were among the victims. Police the next day said at least 30 civilians, including women and children, were among those killed in Shindand's fighting. The US military reported killing 136 rebels over 3 days of fighting in western Afghanistan. One US soldier died in the clashes.
    (AP, 4/30/07)(AP, 5/1/07)(AFP, 5/1/07)(WSJ, 5/1/07, p.A1)

2007        May 2, Afghan regional officials said that 51 villagers, some of them women and children, were killed in recent fighting in western Afghanistan. The US-led coalition said it had no reports of civilian deaths.
    (AP, 5/2/07)

2007        May 3, A remote-control bomb hit an Afghan army bus in Kabul, killing the driver and wounding 29 people, including 22 soldiers.
    (AP, 5/3/07)

2007        May 5, Four suicide bombings struck Afghanistan, killing two policemen, as military officials announced more than 10 Taliban commanders were killed in major battles a week ago.
    (AP, 5/5/07)

2007        May 6, In eastern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed 5 police and wounded two others, while a clash in the west left eight police and at least four suspected militants dead. An Afghan soldier shot and killed two US troops and wounded 2 others outside Pul-e-Charkhi prison. The next day Defense Ministry spokesman Zahir Azimi said the Afghan soldier was mentally ill. A bus crashed in northern Afghanistan, sparking a fire that left nine people dead and 25 injured.
    (AP, 5/6/07)(AP, 5/7/07)

2007        May 7, In Afghanistan a rocket slammed into a street outside an apartment building in Kabul, killing one man and wounding five other people including a small boy.
    (AP, 5/7/07)

2007        May 8, Afghanistan's upper house of parliament passed a bill calling for a halt to all international military operations unless coordinated with the Afghan government, action seen as a rebuke of the international mission here. In southern Afghanistan suspected Taliban militants ambushed a NATO convoy, and a gunshot victim said soldiers fleeing the scene shot him and killed a man in a bakery. Airstrikes called in by US Special Forces soldiers fighting with insurgents killed at least 21 civilians in the Sangin area of Helmand province. One coalition soldier was also killed. The US military apologized and paid compensation to the families of 19 people killed and 50 wounded by US Marines Special Forces who fired indiscriminately on civilians after being hit by a suicide attack in eastern Afghanistan in March. Residents claimed that over 60 people were killed by the bombing.
    (AP, 5/8/07)(AP, 5/9/07)(SFC, 5/11/07, p.A20)
2007        May 8, NATO Secretary General Jaap de Hoop Scheffer and President Pervez Musharraf agreed to strengthen security along the Pakistan-Afghanistan border to contain the Taliban insurgency.
    (AP, 5/8/07)

2007        May 9, Afghan civilians fought with Taliban militants who hit a checkpoint near Sangin, leaving three of the attackers dead. A suicide car bomber killed two Afghans and wounded five when he detonated his car in the eastern Paktika province.
    (AP, 5/10/07)

2007        May 10, In Afghanistan new airstrikes in the Sangin area killed 10 Taliban fighters after the insurgents ambushed a patrol. A Taliban commander said the militant group kidnapped Uruzgan governor spokesman Qayum Qayumi. 4 policemen and two more insurgents were killed when fighting erupted after a group of the extremist militants attacked a police post.
    (AP, 5/10/07)(AP, 5/11/07)
2007        May 10, The Pakistani military said it has completed building a fence on a first section of its border with Afghanistan, a disputed measure designed to prevent militants from crossing the mountainous frontier.
    (AP, 5/10/07)

2007        May 12, Afghan lawmakers voted to oust the foreign minister over the mishandling of the expulsion of Afghan refugees from neighboring Iran. Mullah Dadullah, the Taliban's most prominent military commander, was killed in a US-led military operation in southern Afghanistan. The one-legged fighter had orchestrated ethnic massacre and a rash of beheadings. Around 55 Taliban fighters were killed in two battles near the Pakistan border.
    (AP, 5/12/07)(AP, 5/13/07)(AFP, 5/13/07)
2007        May 12, Eric Damfreville, a French aid worker, returned to France after five weeks in Taliban captivity in Afghanistan and made a plea for his captors to free three Afghans seized with him.
    (AP, 5/12/07)

2007        May 13, In Afghanistan 9 policemen lost their lives in fresh attacks. Pakistani and Afghan forces exchanged fire at their rugged border in their most serious skirmish in years. Pakistan claimed it killed six Afghan soldiers, but Afghanistan said just two Afghan civilians were killed.
    (AP, 5/13/07)

2007        May 14, In Pakistan militants opened fire on a group of US, Afghan and Pakistani military officials meeting near the Afghan border, killing one American and a Pakistani soldier. In 2011 it was reported that a Pakistani soldier had opened fire with an automatic rifle, pumping multiple rounds from just 5 or 10 yards away into American officer, Maj. Larry J. Bauguess Jr., (36) killing him almost instantly. Separately Karachi storefronts were shuttered and the streets of the commercial hub emptied of cars on as residents angry over a weekend of deadly political violence honored a general strike called amid growing discontent over President Gen. Pervez Musharraf's ouster of the chief justice.
    (AP, 5/14/07)(http://tinyurl.com/3hyzgoo)

2007        May 15, The US military said former Guantanamo detainees have organized a jailbreak in Afghanistan, kidnapped Chinese engineers and taken leadership positions with the Taliban. In southern Afghanistan at least 11 suspected Taliban and possibly dozens more were killed by airstrikes on Taliban compounds in the Zhari district of Kandahar province.
    (AP, 5/15/07)

2007        May 17, In southern Afghanistan 2 coordinated bomb blasts killed seven people, including three police responding to the first explosion. In western Afghanistan airstrikes in Farah province targeted a convoy of suspected Taliban militants who had left a meeting, killing 14 and wounding 10. In Kandahar a suicide car bomber rammed a government convoy, killing three bystanders and wounding Information and Culture Minister Abdul Karim Khurram.
    (AP, 5/17/07)(AP, 5/18/07)

2007        May 18, The Taliban said it had arrested a close aide to the rebel movement's slain commander Mullah Dadullah for treachery that led to his killing. Soldiers from the Afghan army and a coalition led by the US killed 67 Taliban in an ambush in the eastern province of Paktia, near the border with Pakistan.
    (AFP, 5/18/07)(AFP, 5/19/07)

2007        May 19, In northern Afghanistan a suicide attacker detonated himself next to German soldiers shopping in a crowded market in Kunduz, killing 3 German soldiers and 6 Afghan civilians with 16 people wounded. A district police chief and a bodyguard were killed in a bomb blast in the eastern province of Nangarhar.
    (AFP, 5/19/07)

2007        May 20, In eastern Afghanistan a suicide bomber on foot detonated himself in a crowded market just after a US convoy drove by, killing at least 14 people and wounding 31. Suspected insurgents ambushed a US-led coalition and Afghan patrol, sparking a battle and airstrikes that killed 25 suspected insurgents in Helmand province. A suicide bomber walked into a crowded market in the eastern city of Gardez and blew himself up, killing 14 people and wounding 31. In eastern Nangarhar province, a roadside bomb hit a police vehicle in the district of Dara-I-Nur, killing two policemen and wounding seven others. A British soldier died of wounds from an accident at a British military base in Sangin.
    (AP, 5/20/07)(AP, 5/21/07)

2007        May 21, Afghanistan's lower house of parliament voted to oust an outspoken female lawmaker who has enraged former mujahedeen fighters now in President Hamid Karzai's US-backed government. Malalai Joya (29) had compared parliament to a stable full of animals in a recent TV interview. A parliament rule known as Article 70 forbids lawmakers from criticizing one another.
    (AP, 5/21/07)

2007        May 23, A bomb in northern Afghanistan killed a Finnish soldier and an Afghan civilian, while a suicide attacker in Kabul killed two people, including a policeman. Two operations in southern Afghanistan killed 18 suspected militants, including seven "foreigners," while six people died when a stash of ammunition exploded in the east.
    (AP, 5/23/07)(AP, 5/24/07)

2007        May 24, In Afghanistan Sayed Gulab, a suspect with "extensive connections" with other senior Taliban and al-Qaida leaders in Nangarhar and Pakistan, was detained and held in a coalition facility.
    (AP, 5/26/07)
2007        May 24, The US Congress passed a spending bill, providing $95 billion for the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. Pres. Bush signed the bill the next day.
    (AP, 5/26/07)

2007        May 25, In southern Afghanistan a NATO soldier from Canada was killed and two other NATO soldiers were wounded in overnight attacks by Taliban fighters. 7 Taliban fighters, including two local commanders, were killed in a joint coalition-Afghan operation in Gereshk district of southern Helmand province.
    (AFP, 5/25/07)(AP, 5/26/07)

2007        May 26, In southern Afghanistan an explosion during a fight with Taliban militants killed a British soldier. US-led coalition and Afghan forces detained a Taliban commander and two suspected al-Qaida militants in the east. In Kandahar 3 policemen and a civilian passer-by were wounded in a suicide attack. Gen. Mohammad Doud said Afghan forces have eradicated some 64,250 acres of poppies this year compared with 39,000 acres last year. Officials expected from 407,715 acres to 482,000 acres of poppies to be cultivated this year.
    (AP, 5/26/07)(AFP, 5/26/07)

2007        May 27, The Taliban released 3 Afghan aid workers, who were kidnapped with two French colleagues nearly two months ago. The Taliban launched a new operation targeting government and foreign forces in Afghanistan. A roadside bomb killed three Afghan security guards working for the coalition in the east. Taliban militants ambushed US-led coalition and Afghan forces escorting supply trucks in southern Afghanistan, sparking a 10-hour battle the coalition said killed an estimated two dozen militants. Villagers said 7 civilians also died.
    (AP, 5/27/07)(AP, 5/28/07)

2007        May 28, In northern Afghanistan a demonstration against a governor left at least seven dead and 31 injured after gunfire broke out between police and protesters. A suicide bomber targeted foreigners in a four-wheel drive vehicle, killing two Afghan civilians and wounding two others in Kunduz. It was reported that truck drivers in Afghanistan had more problems with police demanding bribes that with the Taliban.
    (AP, 5/28/07)(SFC, 5/28/07, p.A10)

2007        May 30, Afghan and US-led coalition forces clashed with Taliban militants in eastern Afghanistan, leaving six suspected insurgents dead and one wounded. A roadside bomb killed four policemen and wounded another in the southern province of Uruzgan. A CH-47 Chinook helicopter was shot down by Taliban militants in an attack that killed everyone on board, five US soldiers, a Canadian and a Briton. In western Farah province, insurgents attacked the Pusht Rod district, and ensuing clashes with police left 10 militants dead and 15 wounded.
    (AP, 5/30/07)(AP, 5/31/07)
2007        May 30, Afghanistan and Pakistan agreed to increase cooperation after meeting with Group of Eight foreign ministers amid concerns that enmity between the neighbors is helping the Taliban inflict mounting losses on NATO troops and Afghan civilians.
    (AP, 5/31/07)

2007        May 31, A Taliban ambush killed 16 policemen in a convoy on its way from the south to Kabul. A battle pitting NATO and Afghan troops against Taliban fighters in southern Afghanistan killed 20 militants. Taliban commander called Mullah Naqibullah was among the dead. Taliban fighters attacked the home of a police official in Zurmat district of Paktia province. Police reinforcements were called in, sparking a battle that left six Taliban dead. Five rockets were fired from the top of a mountain in Kunar province, hitting several civilian homes and killing two women.
    (AFP, 5/31/07)(AP, 5/31/07)(AP, 6/1/07)

2007        Jun 1, In Afghanistan a NATO soldier was killed in a bomb blast while two Afghan women and a policeman died in attacks elsewhere linked to a deepening Taliban insurgency.
    (AP, 6/1/07)

2007        Jun 2, A boat crossing the Helmand River in Helmand province sank, and at least 60 Taliban militants were killed. Suspected Taliban militants attacked a local police commander's home, killing five of his family members and sparking a gunbattle with police that left 10 insurgents dead. In eastern Afghanistan suspected militants ambushed a NATO convoy, killing two members of the alliance and wounding 7 troops. 15 suspected militants were killed by police. In eastern Khost province, militants attacked a police checkpoint in Yaqubi district and the ensuing clash left 12 militants dead. Police clashed with Taliban militants in neighboring Paktika province's Shakin district, leaving three suspected insurgents dead.
    (AP, 6/2/07)(AFP, 6/3/07)(AP, 6/3/07)

2007        Jun 3, In Afghanistan 3 "enemies of peace and stability" were killed when a bomb they were planting exploded in the eastern province of Laghman. An Afghan army soldier was killed and another was injured by a remotely-controlled Taliban bomb in Zabul province.
    (AFP, 6/4/07)

2007        Jun 4, US Defense Secretary Robert Gates said Iranian weapons have begun flowing into Afghanistan, but he and Afghan President Hamid Karzai agreed involvement by Tehran cannot yet be proved. Six Taliban rebels were killed in a gunfight with Afghan and NATO-led troops in the eastern province of Paktia. Afghan forces sank a boat in the Helmand River carrying suspected Taliban fighters fleeing an attack, and more than 20 drowned. In a separate gunbattle and airstrikes killed an estimated two dozen militants. Roadside bombs killed two Afghan soldiers and wounded five in southern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 6/4/07)(AFP, 6/4/07)(AP, 6/5/07)

2007        Jun 6, In southern Afghanistan 2 NATO soldiers died battling militants, while US-led and Afghan troops backed by airstrikes killed two militants and detained nine others. In northern Afghanistan 3 gunmen fatally shot a female owner of a radio station. A battle and airstrikes in southern Afghanistan left 30 suspected Taliban dead or wounded.
    (AP, 6/6/07)(AP, 6/7/07)

2007        Jun 7, In Afghanistan 6 people were arrested in the killing of a woman who owned a radio station. 4 kidnapped Afghan medical workers were released after the body of a slain top Taliban commander was retrieved by his family. Suspected militants attacked a government compound in the Daychopan district of Zabul province, killing a policeman and wounding 3 others. An Afghan soldier was killed in a mine explosion in Zabul province. In eastern Nangarhar province, coalition and Afghan troops killed a militant during a firefight in Khogyani district. In Arghistan district, a police operation against Taliban fighters killed or wounded nine of the militants. In Zabul province, a two-hour gun battle killed one policeman and four Taliban.
    (AP, 6/7/07)(AP, 6/8/07)

2007        Jun 8, Afghan Attorney General Abdul Jabar Sabet, a critic of some of the country's factional leaders and former warlords, was set upon in the middle of a traffic jam just outside Kabul by Gen. Din Mohammad Jurat, a senior official at the Interior Ministry. A roadside bomb exploded in Kandahar's Panjwayi district, killing three police officers and wounding four in a police vehicle. In the Spin Boldak district a roadside bomb killed two policemen and wounded three others in a border police vehicle.
    (Reuters, 6/8/07)(AP, 6/9/07)

2007        Jun 9, In Afghanistan militants attacked three separate posts in Murghab district of Badghis province, sparking a six-hour long battle that left 20 suspected Taliban and two police killed. In southern Zabul province, NATO and Afghan troops clashed with militants and called in airstrikes, leaving 27 suspected Taliban insurgents dead in the district of Shinkay.
    (AP, 6/10/07)

2007        Jun 10, In central Afghanistan Taliban militants fired rockets near a school yard where President Hamid Karzai was meeting with local leaders and residents in an apparent assassination attempt, but no one was hurt.
    (AP, 6/10/07)

2007        Jun 11, In Afghanistan’s eastern Khost province, a suicide car bomber blew himself up as police were approaching to search his vehicle at a checkpoint in Gurbuz district. The US-led coalition and Afghan troops killed more than 24 suspected Taliban fighters during a battle in the south.
    (AP, 6/11/07)(AP, 6/13/07)

2007        Jun 12, Afghan police in Nangarhar province mistook US troops on a nighttime mission for Taliban fighters and opened fire on them, prompting US forces to return fire and call in attack aircraft. 8 Afghan police were killed. Gunmen on motorbikes killed two schoolgirls in central Afghanistan. NATO and Afghan forces killed 12 Taliban fighters in Zabul province. A suicide bomber killed one policeman and wounded two in southern Helmand province.
    (AP, 6/12/07)(AP, 6/13/07)

2007        Jun 13, A senior US diplomat said NATO has intercepted Iranian weapons shipments to Afghanistan's Taliban insurgents, providing evidence Iran is violating international law to aid a group it once considered a bitter enemy. The Taliban claimed to have captured a NATO trooper. 20 militants were killed in the Shah Wali Kot district of Kandahar province. In nearby Zhari district six Taliban fighters were killed, including one commander. In southern Ghazni province 7 Taliban were killed and 4 others detained by police. A suicide attacker detonated his bomb near an Afghan army brigade commander in Gereshk district of Helmand province. In western Farah province two Afghans doing repair work on police vehicles were killed by Taliban militants. US-led coalition and Afghan troops killed a suspected militant and detained three others in a raid on a compound in eastern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 6/13/07)(AFP, 6/13/07)(AP, 6/14/07)

2007        Jun 15, In southern Afghanistan 2 suicide attackers blew themselves up near NATO convoys, killing five Afghan children, four civilian men and a foreign soldier. A soldier of the US-led coalition died from a combat wound after a clash in the eastern province of Paktika.
    (AP, 6/15/07)
2007        Jun 15, Iran was reported to have denied allegations of abuse saying it has forced Afghan laborers back home because the 1.5 million undocumented migrants are an enormous burden on its economy.
    (AP, 6/15/07)

2007        Jun 16, In Afghanistan suicide bombers targeting foreign forces struck two Afghan cities, killing four civilians, and a US soldier at one of the attacks "accidentally" shot dead a bystander. Hundreds of Taliban fighters launched raids on police posts near the strategic town of Chora in Uruzgan province, forcing NATO, backed by fighter jets, to respond.
    (AFP, 6/16/07)(AP, 6/19/07)

2007        Jun 17, An enormous bomb ripped through a police academy bus at Kabul's busiest transportation hub, killing at least 35 people in the deadliest insurgent attack in Afghanistan since the US-led invasion in 2001. The dead included 22 police academy instructors and 13 bystanders. The Taliban claimed responsibility. In Paktika province US-led jets targeted a compound that also contained a mosque and a madrassa, or Islamic school, resulting in the death of seven boys, ages 10 to 16.
    (AP, 6/17/07)(AP, 6/18/07)(Econ, 6/23/07, p.51)

2007        Jun 18, Afghan officials said more than 100 people, including militants, civilians and police, have died in three days of fierce clashes between NATO forces and Taliban fighters in southern Afghanistan. Insurgents said they had captured mountainous Myanishen district in the southern province of Kandahar.
    (AP, 6/18/07)(AFP, 6/19/07)

2007        Jun 19, Fierce clashes between Taliban militants and NATO and Afghan forces left more than 100 people dead over the last three days in Uruzgan province. Police clashed with insurgents and retook control of Miya Nishin district in Kandahar. Hours later provincial police chief forces lost Ghorak district in the same province to the militants. A mosque attack occurred in Ismail Kheil in Khost province. Two unidentified men entered the building and fatally shot three people while wounding four others.
    (AP, 6/19/07)(AP, 6/20/07)

2007        Jun 20, In eastern Afghanistan gunmen opened fire on people praying in a mosque, killing three and wounding four others. A series of roadside bombings in Afghanistan killed eight people, including three Canadian NATO soldiers. One bomb blew up a police vehicle in the eastern province of Khost, killing Qalandar district police chief Ali Mohammad and one of his men. An ambush on a convoy belonging to UN's Office for Project Services on the main Kabul-Kandahar highway, killed two Afghan guards. Another bomb exploded on a road in Ghazni province and killed a man who was cycling home after buying groceries. Fighting in Paktika province between US-led troops and suspected Taliban left 8 militants and a policeman dead.
    (AP, 6/20/07)(AFP, 6/20/07)(AP, 6/21/07)

2007        Jun 21, In eastern Afghanistan a land mine explosion killed a NATO soldier and wounded four more. An official said the UN World Food Program has halted aid deliveries in Afghanistan's most volatile provinces after 85 of its trucks were attacked, set ablaze or looted in the last year by Taliban insurgents and thieves.
    (AP, 6/21/07)

2007        Jun 22, In southern Afghanistan Taliban militants attacked police posts, triggering NATO airstrikes overnight which killed 20 suspected militants, but also 25 civilians, including 9 women, 3 babies and the mullah at the local mosque 9 miles northeast of Gereshk town. NATO and US-led coalition forces killed 60 insurgents near the border with Pakistan, in what was described as the largest insurgent formation crossing the region in six months. Pakistan's army said a rocket fired during the battle hit a house on its territory, killing nine civilians. In Helmand province an attack on US-led coalition troops left one soldier dead and two others wounded.
    (AP, 6/22/07)(AP, 6/23/07)

2007        Jun 24, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb hit a convoy of British troops, wounding one soldier and prompting them to open fire in a civilian area in insurgency-plagued Helmand province, killing one man.
    (AP, 6/24/07)

2007        Jun 26, Tropical cyclone Yemyin lashed Pakistan's coastline with heavy rains and strong winds, killing over 400 people. 250,000 people were left homeless. Flooding killed more than 50 people in neighboring Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 6/26/07)(AFP, 6/27/07)(AFP, 6/28/07)

2007        Jun 28, A suicide car bomber hit a convoy of security contractors in Kabul, killing two US nationals and an Afghan woman and wounding three other Americans. The last of 18 mine clearing experts seized by the Taliban at the weekend were released unharmed, but the insurgent group has kept hold of key detection equipment as well as 3 specialist sniffer dogs. The Taliban beheaded a boy (15) in Zabul province after accusing him of spying for US forces. The headless body of Mir Zaman, who had been working as a translator for NATO-led troops in the eastern province of Paktia, was found in Logar province.
    (AFP, 6/28/07)(Reuters, 6/28/07)(AFP, 6/29/07)

2007        Jun 29, Afghan and foreign troops killed four men in anti-Taliban raids in the eastern province of Nangarhar. A villager said the dead were innocent people: a father, two sons and a nephew from the same family. Police reported that four Taliban were killed and two policemen were injured in two clashes, one in Zabul and one in Paktia. In southern Afghanistan US-led coalition airstrikes left at least 30 people, including women and children, killed or wounded. In the southern Sangin district. An investigation the next day found that 62 insurgents had been killed. Afghan officials also said that 45 civilians were killed. NATO-led and Afghan troops clashed with Taliban fighters, leaving 15 militants dead. 3 children were killed and another wounded when an old rocket they were playing with exploded in Zabul province.
    (AFP, 6/29/07)(AP, 6/30/07)(AP, 7/1/07)

2007        Jul 1, In Afghanistan a suicide attacker on foot blew himself up near a convoy of British forces in Gereshk district. One NATO soldier was killed and several soldiers and civilians wounded in the attack. A suicide car bomber killed one Afghan soldier and wounded eight others in the central province of Wardak.
    (AP, 7/1/07)

2007        Jul 2, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb destroyed a police vehicle on patrol, killing all 7 policemen on board. A doctor at Kandahar's main hospital said NATO forces killed one man and wounded 3. Taliban militants ambushed a police patrol in the Mizan district, killing one policeman. A 30-minute gun battle ensued, leaving 3 suspected Taliban dead.
    (AP, 7/2/07)(AP, 7/3/07)

2007        Jul 3, Afghan and NATO forces clashed with Taliban militants in the southern Zhari district of Kandahar overnight, leaving 33 suspected insurgents dead. US-led coalition troops killed a suspected militant and detained two others during an operation in eastern Afghanistan.  Yousuf Ibrahim (35), from Saudi Arabia, was detained after a brief scuffle with police in Kabul. He had spent the last 8 years in Afghanistan, fighting alongside the Taliban.
    (AP, 7/3/07)

2007        Jul 4, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb hit a NATO vehicle, killing six Canadian soldiers and their Afghan interpreter.
    (Reuters, 7/5/07)

2007        Jul 5, A suicide bomber in southern Afghanistan blew himself up at a checkpoint, killing 10 police and wounding 11. A roadside bomb and clashes in the east left 3 NATO soldiers dead. In Uruzgan province 33 Taliban fighters were killed.
    (AP, 7/6/07)(AFP, 7/6/07)(AP, 7/7/07)

2007        Jul 6, Afghan and US-led coalition troops, using artillery and airstrikes, killed 33 Taliban fighters after the insurgents attacked a police checkpoint in southern Uruzgan province. Officials said fighting in three separate regions of Afghanistan left more than 100 militants dead. About 60 militants died in a battle in Kunar province, but reports of civilian deaths were not confirmed. The next day a Kunar provincial deputy police chief said that 25 civilians and 20 militants were killed in clashes over three days.
    (AP, 7/6/07)(AP, 7/7/07)

2007        Jul 7, In Kandahar province Taliban fighters ambushed police traveling in between Ghorak and Mawiwand, sparking a six-hour battle. About 20 Taliban fighters were wounded in the engagement, and several police were missing. Taliban fighters beheaded two civilians they accused of being spies for the government or NATO. A roadside blast struck a NATO convoy in southern Afghanistan and wounded four alliance soldiers.
    (AP, 7/7/07)(AP, 7/9/07)

2007        Jul 9, Afghan troops and the US-led coalition conducting a nighttime raid killed a Taliban leader but also two children caught in the crossfire. An exchange of small arms fire at an army base in Herat killed four Afghan soldiers.
    (AP, 7/9/07)(Reuters, 7/9/07)

2007        Jul 10, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber targeted a NATO patrol in a marketplace in Dihrawud, Uruzgan province, killing at least 17 people, including 13 schoolchildren. 8 Dutch troops were wounded.
    (AP, 7/10/07)(WSJ, 1/11/07, p.A1)

2007        Jul 12, In eastern Afghanistan US-led coalition and Afghan troops clashed with suspected Taliban militants, killing 11 rebels in Uruzgan province. A roadside bomb targeting a police patrol vehicle left 6 officers dead in Khost province. In an overnight operation in the Girishk district of Helmand province, the Afghan army and air strikes by multinational forces killed 20 rebels. A British soldier was killed and two others were wounded during an operation in southern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 7/12/07)(AFP, 7/12/07)

2007        Jul 13, In southern Afghanistan NATO-led and Afghan troops clashed with Taliban militants, leaving 10 suspected militants dead.
    (AP, 7/13/07)

2007        Jul 15, A roadside bomb killed six Afghans working for a Western security company in the east of the country.
    (Reuters, 7/15/07)

2007        Jul 16, Afghanistan's government fired Abdul Sattar Murad, the governor of Kapisa province, days after he said Afghans are distancing themselves from Pres. Hamid Karzai and that a "vacuum of authority" is allowing the Taliban, al-Qaida and other groups to gain power. In southern Kandahar province suspected Taliban militants ambushed two police officers riding a bike in Zhari district, killing both.
    (AP, 7/17/07)(AP, 7/19/07)

2007        Jul 18, Suspected Taliban militants ambushed a convoy of Afghan police officers driving through Zabul province, killing six. Suicide bombers in Khost killed three police officers. Militants fatally shot two police officers in southern Kandahar province, where four suspected Taliban were killed in a clash with NATO and Afghan forces. In Paktia province, an attack on a road construction crew left one person from the Philippines dead and three guards wounded. Taliban fighters also ambushed police in Logar province, killing six of the officers. Armed men kidnapped two Germans and two Afghans working on a dam project in central Afghanistan. One of the Germans, Ruediger Diedrich, was found shot dead three days later; the others were later released.
    (AP, 7/18/07)(AP, 7/19/07)(AP, 7/18/08)

2007        Jul 19, Taliban gunmen abducted 23 members of a South Korean church group in southern Afghanistan. The next day a purported spokesman for the Islamic militia said it will question them about their activities in Afghanistan before deciding their fate. Two hostages were fatally shot; the rest were later freed. In northern Afghanistan a suicide bomber blew himself up outside a police station, killing one civilian and wounding 25 other people. In Helmand's Marja district, Taliban militants ambushed police, leaving six officers dead and two others wounded. 2 separate bombings in southern Afghanistan left five civilians dead, while a Taliban ambush killed six police officers. A car bomb targeting a US-led coalition convoy in Helmand province's Sangin district killed two civilians and wounded two coalition troops. A mine exploded under a civilian car in Kandahar province's Zhari district, killing three civilians.
    (AP, 7/19/07)(AP, 7/20/07)(AP, 7/19/08)

2007        Jul 21, A purported Taliban spokesman said the militia killed two German hostages because Germany didn't announce a troop withdrawal. The Afghan government, however, said one of the Germans died of a heart attack and that the second was still alive. Ruediger Diedrich, one of two Germans kidnapped in southern Afghanistan on July 18, was found dead. Germany has 3,000 soldiers in NATO's International Security Assistance Force.
    (AP, 7/21/07)(AP, 7/21/08)

2007        Jul 22, Afghan villagers found the body of a German aid worker kidnapped in southern Afghanistan, while a delegation of South Korean officials arrived hours before a purported evening deadline set for 23 Korean hostages. A large group of Taliban had attacked a convoy in Helmand province, and the resulting battle in the Sangin district left more than 30 militants dead and many wounded. In Zabul province Afghan police forces reported killing 14 "enemies" during a 12-hour battle, including a Taliban commander identified as Mohammad Hassan.
    (AP, 7/22/07)(AP, 7/23/07)

2007        Jul 23, Mohammad Zahir Shah (b.1914), the last king of Afghanistan (1933-1973), died. In 2002 he had returned from 3 decades of exile to bless his country's fragile course toward democracy. In southern Afghanistan troops killed at least 75 militants in three separate battles, while the Taliban extended the deadline for the lives of 23 South Korean hostages until the evening of July 24. Norway said one if its soldiers was killed in Logar province, and NATO said a soldier was killed in the south. A roadside blast killed 4 US soldiers in eastern Paktika province.
    (AP, 7/23/07)(AP, 7/24/07)(Econ, 7/28/07, p.88)

2007        Jul 25, Afghan authorities found the bullet-riddled body Bae Hyung-kyu (42) in Qarabagh district of Ghazni province, where 23 South Koreans were abducted July 19. Bae, a deputy pastor and a founder of Saemmul Presbyterian Church, was killed on his birthday. Militants said the hostage was sick and couldn't walk, and therefore was shot. 22 South Koreans were still believed held but were not suffering health problems. A German journalist and two Afghans colleagues apparently kidnapped by Taliban militants in eastern Afghanistan were freed.
    (AP, 7/25/07)(AP, 7/26/07)

2007        Jul 26, In southern Afghanistan US-led coalition forces and Afghan troops fought two separate battles with militants, killing more than 60 suspected Taliban insurgents. A British soldier was killed in the fighting.
    (AP, 7/26/07)(AFP, 7/26/07)

2007        Jul 27, Afghan and NATO troops over the last 24 hours clashed with Taliban insurgents and called in airstrikes, killing at least 50 suspected militants and dozens of civilians. The third British soldier to die in three days in southern Afghanistan was killed in a rocket attack.
    (AP, 7/27/07)(AFP, 7/28/07)

2007        Jul 28, It was reported that over 4,000 Hazaras, a Shia Muslim ethnic minority concentrated in Afghanistan’s central highlands, had been displaced from Behsood district, Wardak province, over the last 2 months by bands of Kuchi nomads. Some 200 ethnic Pushtun and Sunni Muslim nomads, together with their families and livestock, emptied about 65 Hazara villages and left about a dozen people dead.
    (Econ, 7/28/07, p.43)

2007        Jul 30, A 2nd South Korean hostage was slain by the Taliban in central Afghanistan.
    (AP, 7/30/08)

2007        Jul 31, In central Afghanistan police discovered the body of a second South Korean hostage, and the Taliban threatened to kill more captives if their demands were not met by a new deadline. A suicide car bomber blew himself up near a convoy of US troops on the outskirts of Kabul, leaving up to 7 civilians and three soldiers wounded.
    (AP, 7/31/07)

2007        Aug 1, The bodies of 4 Afghan judges, kidnapped 11 days ago, were found in Ghazni province, the same province where 21 South Korean hostages were held. Afghanistan dropped leaflets in the area to warn of military action.
    (SFC, 8/2/07, p.A10)(WSJ, 8/2/07, p.A1)

2007        Aug 2, In southern Afghanistan US-led airstrikes in Helmand province killed at least 3 senior Taliban figures, including commander Mullah Rahim.
    (SFC, 8/4/07, p.A3)

2007        Aug 4, A suicide car bomber blew himself up next to a convoy of foreign troops just west of Kandahar city, killing two civilians who were nearby. Four civilians were killed in a roadside blast in Zhari district of Kandahar province.
    (AP, 8/4/07)(AFP, 8/5/07)

2007        Aug 5, In Afghanistan 3 policemen were killed when a remotely detonated mine tore through their vehicle in the eastern province of Kunar. A gunfight, which began the previous evening, left two policemen dead and two others wounded. At least four militants were killed. A roadside bomb typical of those deployed by the Taliban killed two Afghan civilians in the southern province of Kandahar. A policeman was killed in an overnight attack on his post by several Taliban rebels. Four police officers were killed in the southern province of Logar just south of the capital Kabul when they were ambushed on patrol overnight.
    (AFP, 8/5/07)
2007        Aug 6, President Bush wrapped up two days of talks with Afghan President Hamid Karzai at Camp David. Bush and Karzai ruled out making any concessions to the Taliban militants during their 2-day meeting at Camp David.
    (AP, 8/7/07)(AP, 8/6/08)

2007        Aug 6, Pres. Bush and Pres. Karzai ruled out making any concessions to the Taliban militants during their 2-day meeting at Camp David.
    (AP, 8/7/07)
2007        Aug 6, Militants attacked police at a checkpoint in Zabul province, and the ensuing clash left five suspected militants dead. Militants attacked a police vehicle just outside Kandahar city, killing two officers and wounding eight others. Dutch soldiers fatally shot a motorcyclist who approached their convoy and failed to heed warning signals and shots.
    (AP, 8/7/07)

2007        Aug 7, A group of 75 Taliban militants tried to overrun a US-led coalition base in southern Afghanistan, a rare frontal attack that left more than 20 militants dead. Taliban militants clashed with police in the same district where 23 South Koreans were abducted by Afghan insurgents. Four militants were killed and six wounded.
    (AP, 8/7/07)(AP, 8/8/07)

2007        Aug 9, President Hamid Karzai said extremism that plagues Afghanistan has crept across the border into Pakistan, at the opening of a 4-day meeting between more than 600 Pakistani and Afghan tribal leaders.
    (AP, 8/9/07)

2007        Aug 12, Afghanistan and Pakistan pledged to eliminate terrorist sanctuaries in their respective tribal regions and fight the opium trade financing Islamic militants. Pakistan’s President Gen. Pervez Musharraf told more than 600 Afghan and Pakistani tribal leaders that the two countries have been mired in the rise of militancy, extremism and radicalism while the rest of the world races forward with economic development. He spoke at the closing session of a four-day US-backed cross-border jirga, or tribal council, aimed at finding ways to stem Afghanistan's rising bloodshed. In southern Afghanistan police and army soldiers battled militants in Kandahar province's Shohrawak district. The joint Afghan forces thwarted a planned militant ambush at the district chief's compound, and the ensuing clash left nine militants dead. During a cleanup operation after the battle, a roadside bomb hit a police vehicle in the same district, killing five officers and wounding two others.
    (AFP, 8/12/07)(AP, 8/12/07)(AP, 8/13/07)

2007        Aug 13, In Afghanistan 2 women among the 23 South Koreans kidnapped by the Taliban in mid-July were freed on a rural roadside and then driven to a US base. A German held hostage said in a telephone conversation orchestrated by his captors that he was in ill health and the Taliban had threatened him with death. In southern Afghanistan 6 civilians were killed when a rocket-propelled grenade blew up their vehicle when Taliban militia attacked a military convoy. A separate clash between troops and insurgents in Ghazni province, further north, left four Taliban dead.
    (AP, 8/13/07)(AP, 8/14/07)

2007        Aug 14, A NATO soldier was killed when a joint ISAF-NATO patrol was ambushed by Taliban insurgents in eastern Paktia province.
    (AP, 8/14/07)

2007        Aug 15, In Afghanistan US led ground troops and airstrikes targeted "hundreds of foreign fighters" dug into positions in the Tora Bora region of eastern Nangarhar province. 2 German police officers and a German foreign ministry employee were killed in Kabul, in a bomb attack claimed by the Taliban.
    (AP, 8/15/07)

2007        Aug 16, In Afghanistan 6 civilians, including 3 children, were killed by the mortar and machine-gun attack on the village of Nangarkhel, Paktika province. Two other civilians died of their wounds in a hospital. 7 Polish soldiers were later charged with war crimes. On Jun 1, 2011, a military court in Poland acquitted the soldiers saying there was not enough evidence to support war crime charges. On March 19, 2015, four Polish soldiers were cleared of war crimes over the killing of the six civilians, but were convicted of lesser charges for which three of them were given suspended sentences.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nangar_Khel_incident)(AP, 6/1/11)(Reuters, 3/19/15)   

2007        Aug 17, In southern Afghanistan a suicide bomber killed a district chief and 3 of his children. 5 civilians were reported killed in fighting between NATO soldiers and Taliban in the east. Insurgents holed up in buildings and trenches attacked Afghan police and coalition forces near Fire Base Robinson. Nearly a dozen suspected militants were killed in the ensuing battle.
    (AP, 8/17/07)(AP, 8/18/07)

2007        Aug 18, In southern Afghanistan a suicide car bomber detonated near a convoy of private security forces, killing four Afghan guards and 11 civilians, including 3 women and 2 children. Armed assailants abducted a German woman from a restaurant in Kabul.
    (AP, 8/18/07)

2007        Aug 19, In southern Afghanistan, dozens of Taliban insurgents attacked an Afghan army compound, and the ensuing gunbattle left 10 suspected militants dead and 4 others wounded. A Canadian soldier was killed when his vehicle struck a roadside bomb near Kandahar.
    (AP, 8/19/07)(AP, 8/20/07)

2007        Aug 20, In Kabul 4 suspected kidnappers were captured as Afghan police freed Christina Meier, a German aid worker who had been snatched from a restaurant while she ate with her husband.
    (AP, 8/20/07)

2007        Aug 22, Taliban militants wearing Afghan army uniforms attacked a remote NATO base in eastern Afghanistan, killing two Afghan soldiers and wounding 11 alliance soldiers. In southern Afghanistan 2 Canadian soldiers and an interpreter were killed and two journalists injured during an attack.
    (AP, 8/22/07)(Reuters, 8/22/07)

2007        Aug 23, In southern Afghanistan a bomb dropped by a US fighter jet was believed to have killed 3 British soldiers in Helmand province. Two other soldiers were injured.
    (AP, 8/24/07)

2007        Aug 24, In Afghanistan insurgents attacked a police patrol in eastern Paktika province, sparking a gunbattle that killed six militants and one officer.
    (AP, 8/25/07)

2007        Aug 25, A suicide car bomber attacked a convoy carrying foreigners near the Afghan capital Kabul. Two foreigners and four Afghans were wounded. A roadside bomb killed two Afghans guarding a convoy carrying supplies for NATO-led forces in Kandahar province, while eight suspected insurgents and a police officer died in fighting elsewhere in the country. Afghan soldiers in neighboring Helmand province shot and killed two suspected Taliban fighters as they attempted to plant a roadside bomb. In southern Afghanistan clashes between coalition troops and Taliban fighters left at least 18 civilians dead according to witnesses. NATO officials said no noncombatants were killed. 12 Taliban fighters were killed by artillery fire along the Pakistan-Afghanistan border after insurgents attacked a military post with rockets and mortars. US-led and Afghan troops struck Taliban positions inside Pakistan in fresh clashes with the extremist Islamic militia that left at least 19 rebels dead. A Pakistani military spokesman denied any permission was given. Afghan troops clashed with rebel fighters in southern Zabul province and killed nine of them. 3 suspected militants, one of them a foreign national, were arrested in Paktia province, dressed in all-covering burqas worn by most Afghan women. Dozens of Taliban guerrillas attacked police in the eastern province of Nangarhar, injuring a district chief and one of his guards before they were repelled.
    (AP, 8/25/07)(AP, 8/26/07)(AFP, 8/26/07)

2007        Aug 26, Afghan police killed six suspected militants during a one-hour gunbattle in Paktika province, which borders Pakistan. Unidentified assailants shot and killed a soldier from the 37-nation strong security assistance force during a foot patrol in eastern Afghanistan. A Dutch soldier was killed by a roadside bomb in southern Afghanistan. In southern Zabul province, Afghan and coalition troops clashed with insurgents in Daychopan district, killing four suspected Taliban and wounding four others. Afghan troops destroyed a heroin laboratory in Helmand province after battling Taliban fighters guarding the facility.
    (AP, 8/27/07)
2007        Aug 26, A road bridge linking Tajikistan and Afghanistan paid for by the US was officially opened at a ceremony attended by the presidents of the two Central Asian countries.
    (AP, 8/26/07)

2007        Aug 27, The US-led coalition in Afghanistan accused Taliban militants of falsely reporting civilian casualties to discredit Afghan and international forces. Afghan and US-led coalition troops killed up to 21 suspected Taliban militants in 3 separate clashes in southern Afghanistan. A roadside blast killed 4 Afghan soldiers in the east. 3 American and 2 Afghan soldiers were killed in a Taliban ambush in the Ghazi Abad district of eastern Kunar province. A NATO trooper died in a nearby area.
    (AP, 8/27/07)(Reuters, 8/27/07)(AP, 8/28/07)(AFP, 8/28/07)

2007        Aug 28, The Taliban agreed to free 19 South Korean church volunteers held hostage since July after the government in Seoul pledged to end all missionary work and keep a promise to withdraw its troops from Afghanistan by the end of the year. In eastern Afghanistan a suicide bomber attacked NATO troops helping build a bridge, killing three soldiers. Afghan and US-led coalition forces killed more than 100 suspected Taliban insurgents in southern Afghanistan. The clash left one Afghan soldier dead.
    (AP, 8/28/07)(AP, 8/29/07)

2007        Aug 29, Taliban militants released 12 of 19 South Korean captives they promised to free under a deal struck with the South Korean government to resolve a nearly six-week hostage crisis. A suicide bomber blew himself up in a crowded bazaar in eastern Afghanistan, killing four civilians and two Afghan soldiers. A Canadian soldier, based in the Afghan capital Kabul, died of a gunshot wound after he was found injured in his room.
    (AFP, 8/29/07)(Reuters, 8/29/07)(AP, 8/29/08)

2007        Aug 30, Taliban militants released the last 7 South Korean hostages. Mullah Brother, a wanted Taliban insurgent leader in Afghanistan, was killed in a US-led raid in the southern province of Helmand.
    (AFP, 8/30/07)(Reuters, 8/30/07)(AP, 8/31/07)

2007        Aug 31, In eastern Afghanistan a barrage of rockets missed a US-led coalition base but hit houses in the nearby village of Babul, killing 10 civilians and wounding seven. Outside the gates of the Kabul airport, a suicide car bomber targeting a patrol of German soldiers killed two Afghan soldiers and wounded 10 others. A senior Afghan official close to the negotiations alleged the South Koreans paid a ransom for their released hostages. In southern Helmand province, a combined police and US-led coalition patrol came under attack with mortar, rocket-propelled grenade and small-arms fire. In the fight that ensued, "almost two dozen" insurgents were killed. More than 20 insurgents were killed and 11 others were detained, while officers also discovered a bomb-making factory in the remote Pitigal Valley border region. Afghan police attacked a group of Taliban who were planning to strike security forces in the central Afghan province of Ghazni, killing 18 and arresting six others.
    (AP, 8/31/07)(AP, 9/1/07)

2007        Sep 4, Afghan security forces in overnight fighting said they have killed Mullah Mateen, a Taliban commander alleged to be behind the July kidnappings of 23 South Korean church workers. The Taliban denied the dead man was one of their militants. Up to 27 other insurgents were also slain. Taliban spokesman Qari Yousef Ahmadi said 7 insurgents were killed in the clash, all of them ordinary fighters. He said the Taliban had no commander called Mullah Mateen, and said he did not know who the government was referring to. Afghan and coalition soldiers in Shah Wali Kot district, in southern Kandahar province, came under attack while on patrol. They fought back before calling in air support and over a dozen insurgents were killed in the engagement. About 18 miles away, insurgents sheltering in a traditional low-walled Afghan compound attacked another joint patrol. Airstrikes later pounded the position, killing six insurgents.
    (AP, 9/4/07)(AP, 9/5/07)

2007        Sep 5, Afghan and US-led coalition troops killed more than 40 suspected Taliban militants in southern Afghanistan. 13 mine-clearing workers were kidnapped in Paktia province.
    (AP, 9/5/07)(AP, 9/6/07)(AP, 9/7/07)

2007        Sep 6, Afghan and US-led coalition forces killed "more than 20" insurgents in an eight-hour battle that saw coalition aircraft bombing and strafing enemy positions in Kandahar province.  Two NATO soldiers were killed in two separate bomb blasts in southern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 9/7/07)

2007        Sep 8, The Afghan defense ministry said at least 50 Taliban rebels have been killed in two days of operations by Afghan and US-led troops across southern Afghanistan. In southern Afghanistan 2 British soldiers were killed in a Taliban attack and a number of other troops were wounded.
    (AP, 9/8/07)

2007        Sep 9, Afghanistan President Hamid Karzai said he was ready to hold talks with Taliban militants in an effort to end their bloody insurgency against his US-backed administration.
    (AFP, 9/9/07)

2007        Sep 10, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber on a motorized rickshaw set off his explosives in a crowded area killing 28 people in Gereshk, Helmand province. Children selling chewing gum and cigarettes were among the victims of the blast.
    (AP, 9/10/07)

2007        Sep 12, Qari Yousef Ahmadi, a Taliban spokesman, said that US and other military forces must leave Afghanistan before the militant group would consider holding peace talks with the Afghan government, backtracking from an earlier statement. Fighting in Afghanistan killed some 75 people as the Muslim holy month of Ramadan began, including 45 suspected Taliban militants who died in airstrikes and Afghan army gunfire.
    (AP, 9/12/07)(AP, 9/13/07)

2007        Sep 13, Afghan police in Helmand province shot and killed a would-be suicide bomber before he could detonate his explosives.
    (AP, 9/13/07)

2007        Sep 14, Afghan police in the Qarabagh district of Ghazni province killed 3 Taliban commanders allegedly involved in the abduction of 23 South Koreans two months ago.
    (AP, 9/16/07)

2007        Sep 15, An estimated 40 insurgents armed with mortars and rocket-propelled grenades attacked an Afghan police and coalition patrol in the Musa Qala district of nearby Helmand province. The joint forces repelled the attack and called in airstrikes, leaving a dozen suspected militants dead. A Bangladeshi development worker was kidnapped by unknown men in a brazen daytime attack on his office in Pul-i-Alam, about 30 miles south of Kabul.
    (AP, 9/16/07)

2007        Sep 16, In Garmser district of south Helmand province, Afghan and coalition forces using small-arms fire and airstrikes killed about 10 insurgents. Four other rebels were killed overnight in a battle that erupted after they attacked a police post in the eastern province of Paktia. Afghan and NATO troops came under fire in Surobi district, about 25 miles east of Kabul, and called in airstrikes, killing at least one suspected insurgent. The bombardment destroyed one house in the village of Gazbala, killing two men and wounding two others. General Dan McNeill, the top NATO commander, said a convoy of explosives seized last week by NATO troops in Afghanistan definitely came from Iran but not necessarily from the government in Tehran.
    (AFP, 9/16/07)(AP, 9/17/07)

2007        Sep 17, In southern Afghanistan a suicide bomber on foot entered a government office and blew himself up in the Nad Ali district center in Helmand province, killing 8 people, including 4 policemen. In Helmand province a gunbattle in Garmser district killed six suspected Taliban, while 9 others died in an airstrike in Kajaki district. An explosion killed a NATO soldier and wounded another.
    (AP, 9/17/07)(AP, 9/18/07)

2007        Sep 18, Afghan Mullah Abdullah Jan, the Taliban commander of Qara Bagh district in Ghazni province, was among 12 killed in the strike on a mud-brick housing compound overnight in neighboring Giro district.
    (AP, 9/18/07)

2007        Sep 19, The US-led coalition accused the Taliban of using children as human shields during a battle in southern Afghanistan. The troops fought Taliban trying to flee a compound, and more than a dozen suspected militants were killed. 6 civilians, including women and children, died in Helmand province's Gereshk region after Taliban fighters fled fighting with NATO forces and sought shelter in the civilian homes. About 2,500 Afghan and NATO troops launched a new military operation in the Gereshk region of Helmand province. Militants attacked a private security company in Zabul province, killing one security guard. The ensuing gunbattle left one suspected insurgent dead. More than three dozen Taliban fighters were reported killed in Uruzgan province. In Kandahar province, an Afghan was killed and several others were wounded in a road accident involving a NATO patrol vehicle and a civilian car.  NATO said it was investigating a shipment of weapons intercepted near the border with Iran on Sep 6. Some 10,000 vaccinators began the weeklong campaign with the aim to vaccinate 1.3 million Afghan children against polio.
    (AP, 9/19/07)(AP, 9/20/07)(AP, 9/21/07)(AP, 9/22/07)

2007        Sep 20, A gunbattle between Afghan police and insurgents left 20 suspected militants and four officers dead in Badghis province bordering Iran and Turkmenistan. A suicide bomber on a bicycle detonated his explosives near Afghan army soldiers in Ghazni province, wounding two soldiers.
    (AP, 9/20/07)

2007        Sep 21, A bomb attack in western Kabul against a convoy of French troops killed one French soldier and injured 8 Afghan civilians near the blast. Airstrikes against "anti-coalition militants" in the Garmsir district of Helmand province killed about 40 fighters.
    (AFP, 9/21/07)

2007        Sep 22, Afghan authorities said they had seized dozens of Iranian and Chinese-made weapons after a brief battle with Taliban fighters near the border with Iran. In northern Afghanistan NATO helicopters fired on a group of suspected insurgents in response to a rocket attack. Four Afghans died and 12 were wounded. 2 Italian soldiers and their two Afghan staff on a weekend patrol disappeared in western Afghanistan. In southern Zabul province the Taliban kidnapped three Afghan men accused of spying for the US and executed them.
    (AP, 9/22/07)(AP, 9/23/07)

2007        Sep 24, In western Afghanistan Italian special forces rescued two captive Italian intelligence agents from a militant convoy, killing at least eight kidnappers. Both kidnapped Italians were wounded in the raid, but one died from his wounds in Rome on Oct 4. In southern Afghanistan a Canadian soldier was killed and four were wounded during a military operation.
    (AP, 9/24/07)(Reuters, 9/25/07)(AP, 10/4/07)

2007        Sep 25, In Afghanistan about 400 villagers blocked a major highway during a protest after two civilians, a father and son, were killed by international forces who were conducting a search operation in the Zhari district of Kandahar province.
    (AP, 9/26/07)
2007        Sep 25, The US unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) called MQ-9 Reaper began operating in Afghanistan. It engaged in combat with a successful strike for the first time on October 27.
    (www.defense-update.com/newscast/1107/news/081107_reaper.htm)

2007        Sep 26, In southern Afghanistan two battles that began the previous day killed more than 165 Taliban fighters and a US-led coalition soldier. Two foreign Red Cross workers who aided in freeing a group of South Korean hostages last month have been abducted in Afghanistan as they were trying to help secure the release of a German captive.
    (AP, 9/26/07)(AP, 9/27/07)

2007        Sep 29, A Taliban suicide bomber wearing an Afghan army uniform set off a huge explosion while trying to board a military bus in the capital, killing 30 people, most of them soldiers. Hours later, the Afghan president offered to meet personally with the Taliban leader for peace talks and give the militants a position in government. Four employees with the International Committee of the Red Cross, kidnapped earlier this week while negotiating the release of a German hostage, were freed in good health. Afghan insurgents ambushed a convoy of foreign troops in eastern Paktia province. After a brief gunbattle, airstrikes were called in that killed 11 militants. 3 Afghan civilians were killed during the clash of NATO-led forces with Taliban insurgents in Paktia. Another battle in Paktia between police and militants left one suspected insurgent dead. In neighboring Ghazni province, coalition forces fought with insurgents, killing two Taliban in Andar district. Police in Kandahar city discovered a landmine that exploded while they were trying to defuse it, killing two police.
    (AP, 9/29/07)(AP, 9/30/07)(Reuters, 9/30/07)

2007        Sep 30, President Hamid Karzai's office said that there is "serious debate" among some Taliban fighters about laying down arms, while a spokesman for the militants said they will "never" negotiate with Afghan authorities until foreign troops leave. Two workers with the Danish Committee for Aid to Afghan Refugees (DACAAR) were abducted in the province of Logar about 50 kilometers (30 miles) south of Kabul. Taliban militants hanged a teenager in southern Afghanistan because he had US money in his pocket, and they stuffed five $1 bills in his mouth as a warning to others not to use dollars. Taliban insurgents in Ghazni province ambushed a police convoy, killing eight officers.
    (AP, 9/30/07)(AFP, 10/1/07)(AP, 10/1/07)

2007        Oct 1, The US military launched a new "Most Wanted" campaign offering rewards of up to $200,000 for information leading to the capture of 12 Taliban and al-Qaida leaders. Three men driving trucks to supply foreign soldiers in the central province of Wardak were kidnapped.
    (AP, 10/1/07)(AFP, 10/1/07)

2007        Oct 2, In Afghan a mother and her two children boarded a police bus in Kabul only seconds before a suicide bomber detonated his payload inside, an attack that killed 13 police and civilians. Taliban militants killed two policemen and destroyed a remote government office in central Afghanistan, as five Dutch troops were wounded in a clash in the country's south.
    (AP, 10/2/07)(AP, 10/3/07)

2007        Oct 3, Afghan troops backed by NATO-led forces clashed with suspected Taliban fighters in southern Afghanistan, leaving 20 militants dead.
    (AP, 10/4/07)

2007        Oct 4, A British soldier was killed in an explosion about 19 miles west of Kandahar city. 82 British personnel, including 57 soldiers, have been killed in Afghanistan since operations began there in November 2001.
    (AP, 10/5/07)

2007        Oct 5, Afghan and US-led coalition troops clashed with insurgents during a raid in eastern Afghanistan, and civilians as well as militants were killed. In the country's volatile south, a suicide bomber approaching NATO and Afghan forces blew himself up prematurely in Helmand province's Sangin district, killing two children.
    (AP, 10/5/07)

2007        Oct 6, International military planes called in by Afghan security forces killed 16 rebels, apparently all foreigners, suspected of preparing an attack in the country's east. The dead were said to be from Pakistan, Uzbekistan and Chechnya. Two officers were killed and two others were wounded when a bomb exploded under their car in Yaqoubi district in Khost province. A Taliban ambush in Nuristan province left two other officers dead. Four militants were also killed in the clash, which occurred in the remote Kamdesh district. 2 Afghan civilians were killed in Kunar province after speeding toward a checkpoint without stopping. In Paktika province, a "suspicious" man was shot and killed after being asked to halt. A suicide car bomber attacked an American military convoy on the road to Kabul's airport, killing a US soldier and four Afghans. In the south, in Uruzgan province, Taliban fighters attacked an Afghan security company guarding a road construction project, killing five of the security guards. In Helmand province's Gereshk district, a roadside bomb explosion killed a policeman.
    (AP, 10/6/07)(AFP, 10/7/07)(AP, 10/7/07)

2007        Oct 7, In eastern Afghanistan 16 militants fighting under a wanted Uzbek warlord with a $200,000 bounty on his head were killed in airstrikes. Afghanistan executed 15 inmates by gunfire at its main prison outside Kabul, carrying out the death penalty for the first time in more than three years.
    (AP, 10/8/07)

2007        Oct 8, Australia suffered its first combat fatality in the war on terror when a soldier was killed in a roadside bomb attack in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 10/8/07)

2007        Oct 10, Rudolf Blechschmidt, a German engineer, and four Afghans taken hostage on July 18 were freed in exchange for six Taliban fighters. Wardak province district chief Mohammad Nahim later changed his statement saying five imprisoned criminals had been freed. NATO-led and Afghan troops clashed overnight with Taliban fighters in southern Afghanistan, leaving eight suspected militants dead and three detained.
    (AP, 10/10/07)

2007        Oct 9, Afghan authorities shut down two private security companies and said more than 10 others, some suspected of murder and robbery, would soon be closed. In Kabul 82 illegal weapons had been found during the two raids at the Afghan-run security companies Watan and Caps.
    (AP, 10/11/07)

2007        Oct 13, A suicide bomber on a motorbike detonated his explosives in a crowded marketplace near Afghan police, killing nine people and injuring at least 29.
    (AP, 10/14/07)

2007        Oct 14, In southern Afghanistan a mother who tried to stop her son from carrying out a suicide bomb attack triggered an explosion in the family's home that killed the would-be bomber, his mother and three siblings.
    (AP, 10/15/07)

2007        Oct 16, A Taliban ambush on a police patrol in southern Afghanistan left one officer dead and four others wounded.
    (AP, 10/17/07)

2007        Oct 17, Taliban used heavy machine guns and rocket propelled grenades to ambush a US-led coalition patrol in southern Afghanistan that wounded nine troops. In the east, a roadside bomb on a police vehicle close to the border with Pakistan killed an officer and wounded three others in Khost province.
    (AP, 10/18/07)

2007        Oct 19,     A battle in southern Afghanistan between US-led coalition forces and Taliban militants left more than a dozen of the insurgents dead.
    (AP, 10/20/07)

2007        Oct 20,     In eastern Afghanistan suspected Taliban militants fought fierce battles with US forces, killing 20 insurgents and one civilian.
    (AP, 10/21/07)

2007        Oct 22, NATO and Afghan troops called in airstrikes during a battle against insurgents that left 20 suspected militants but also several civilians dead in Wardak province.
    (AP, 10/23/07)

2007        Oct 23, In Afghanistan a child and 5 militants were killed in Zabul province after militants fired on coalition soldiers from a tent.
    (AP, 10/23/07)(AP, 10/24/07)

2007        Oct 24, Afghan officials said five militants were killed in two clashes with Afghan troops in the southern provinces of Zabul and Helmand. US-led coalition and Afghan attack on a gathering of another group of Taliban militants in the Daychopan district of Zabul province killed 10 insurgents. A suicide car bomb went off near the convoy of cars carrying Arsallah Jamal, the provincial governor of Khost, wounding two of his bodyguards and two civilians.
    (AP, 10/24/07)(AP, 10/26/07)
2007        Oct 24, A French defense ministry official said France will for the first time send dozens of military trainers to the volatile south of Afghanistan.
    (AP, 10/24/07)

2007        Oct 25,     Insurgents ambushed NATO-led forces in eastern Afghanistan, leaving two alliance troops dead and three others wounded in Kunar province. Army Staff Sgt. Salvatore Giunta was serving as a rifle team leader with Company B, 2nd Battalion, 503rd Infantry Regiment  when an insurgent ambush split his squad into two groups in the Korengal Valley. Giunta exposed himself to enemy fire to pull a fellow soldier back to cover and engaged the enemy again when he saw two insurgents carrying away a wounded soldier, Sgt. Joshua C. Brennan (22) of McFarland, Wis. Giunta killed one insurgent and wounded the other before tending to Brennan, who died the next day. In 2010 Giunta became the 8th US service member to receive the Medal of Honor during operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. The seven previous medals were awarded posthumously.
    (AP, 10/26/07)(AP, 9/11/10)

2007        Oct 26, In Afghanistan an airstrike on a group of Taliban fighters left 18 militants dead in the mountainous area of Daychopan district, in Zabul province.
    (AP, 10/26/07)

2007        Oct 27, A suicide bomber wearing an Afghan security uniform detonated his explosives at the entrance to a combined US-Afghan base, killing four Afghan soldiers and a civilian. In Helmand province Taliban militants killed three Afghan police who had been trying to prevent them from carrying out a kidnapping. The militants successfully kidnapped an Afghan man during the gunbattle. US-led coalition forces killed about 80 Taliban fighters during a six-hour battle outside a Taliban-controlled town near Musa Qala in southern Helmand province.
    (AP, 10/27/07)(AP, 10/28/07)(SSFC, 10/28/07, p.A16)

2007        Oct 28,     A six-hour battle in southern Afghanistan left over 50 Taliban fighters killed or wounded in Uruzgan province. In the east, coalition forces raided a compound suspected of housing al-Qaida facilitators, killing several militants in Kunar province.
    (AP, 10/29/07)

2007        Oct 29, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber targeting a police patrol ended in the deaths of three civilians and an officer in Lashkar Gah, capital of Helmand province.
    (AP, 10/29/07)

2007        Oct 31, Officials said Afghan, US and Canadian troops have surrounded a pocket of some 250 Taliban fighters who have commandeered people's homes in villages just outside Kandahar. In western Farah province six police officers were killed and two others wounded, and 14 Afghan army troops were missing after clashes with Taliban militants. A nighttime raid in eastern Afghanistan by Afghan troops with US support sparked a gunbattle that killed three people, including two children.
    (AP, 10/31/07)(AP, 11/1/07)(AP, 11/3/07)

2007        Nov 1, Taliban militants attacked a police checkpoint in Nad Ali district, in the southern Helmand province, killing five officers and wounding three others. In Kandahar province hundreds of Taliban militants fled from Arghandab district following three days of fighting which left more than 50 militants dead and hundreds displaced.
    (AP, 11/1/07)

2007        Nov 2, In southern Afghanistan a US-led coalition soldier and an Afghan soldier were killed in clashes with insurgents.
    (AP, 11/2/07)

2007        Nov 3, German Chancellor Angela Merkel made her first visit to Afghanistan and said Berlin would increase efforts to strengthen the Afghan police.
    (AP, 11/3/07)

2007        Nov 4, Taliban insurgents seized Khak-e Sefid without a fight, its third district in western Farah province. A Farah provincial police chief said: "There are many Iranians and Pakistanis fighting among the Afghan Taliban." Local residents have complained that NATO-led troops, under Italian command in western Afghanistan, have not helped Afghan forces to retake the districts.
    (AP, 11/5/07)

2007        Nov 6, In Afghanistan a bomb targeted a group of lawmakers in the northern province of Baghlan, killing at least 75 people, including 6 lawmakers. 61 schoolchildren were among the dead and 96 other students were wounded. A UN report later said up to two-thirds of the 77 people killed and 100 wounded were hit by bullets from visiting lawmakers' panicked bodyguards.
    (Reuters, 11/6/07)(AP, 11/9/07)(AP, 11/17/07)(AP, 11/6/08)

2007        Nov 9, A British soldier serving in Afghanistan was killed after the vehicle he was traveling in came off a road and rolled over a bridge. 6 US and 2 Afghan troops were killed when insurgents ambushed their foot patrol in the high mountains of eastern Nuristan province. The attack, the most lethal against American forces this year, put US troop deaths to at least 101 this year making 2007 the deadliest for US troops in Afghanistan since the 2001 invasion. In 2014 platoon radio operator Kyle J. White was awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions during the ambush in Nuristan.
    (AP, 11/9/07)(AFP, 11/10/07)(SFC, 4/16/14, p.A6)

2007        Nov 10, In Afghanistan’s eastern province of Khost, police patrolling on foot were hit by a land-mine blast that killed one officer and wounded two civilians. Taliban militants attacked a police checkpoint near Qalat city in Zabul province. The ensuing gun battle left two policemen dead and one wounded. Another policeman was missing. Six US troops died in an insurgent ambush, making 2007 the deadliest year for American forces in Afghanistan since 2001.
    (AP, 11/11/07)(AP, 11/10/08)

2007        Nov 11, In western Afghanistan unknown gunmen on motorbikes shot dead six pro-government tribal elders as they headed to a prayer service. In southern Afghanistan a suicide attacker on foot blew himself up near a NATO convoy in Helmand province, seriously wounding 3 civilians, while two separate attacks left 3 policeman dead elsewhere in the country. US-led coalition troops battling suspected militants in the Garmser district of Helmand lobbed a grenade that destroyed a house and killed 15 militants as well as a woman and two children. A service member with the US-led coalition died of wounds suffered during a gun battle a day earlier near the Tagab Valley of Kapisa province.
    (AFP, 11/11/07)(AP, 11/11/07)(AP, 11/12/07)

2007        Nov 13, Afghan and US-led coalition forces clashed with militants in southern Afghanistan and called in airstrikes that killed dozens of insurgents.
    (AP, 11/14/07)

2007        Nov 14, In Afghanistan’s Helmand province coalition forces killed several militants with gunfire and airstrikes. Five rebel fighters were killed in a clash in Uruzgan province.
    (AP, 11/15/07)(AP, 11/16/07)

2007        Nov 15, Taliban insurgents in Paktia province killed an Afghan man teaching English courses, sparking a clash that left two suspected militants and two policemen dead. The bodies of 20 Taliban were found on the battlefield following a clash in the south-central province of Uruzgan. Two policemen were killed in the three hours of fighting there, which also involved international troops.
    (AP, 11/15/07)(AP, 11/16/07)

2007        Nov 16, In western Afghanistan a suicide attacker blew up a car bomb near an Italian military convoy killing only himself. 4 police officers were killed when their vehicle was hit by a remotely detonated bomb as they traveled to work in the southern province of Kandahar. The UN said profits from opium fuel the Taliban insurgency, in a new call on NATO to tackle Afghanistan's burgeoning drugs trade. In the western province of Ghor, between 4 and 9 police were killed after militants attacked them during a police operation in Shahark district.
    (AP, 11/16/07)(Reuters, 11/16/07)(AP, 11/17/07)

2007        Nov 17, A suicide bomber on a motorbike attacked a NATO convoy in Nangarhar province's Chaparhar district, killing an Afghan civilian and wounding another NATO soldier. In Kandahar province Canadian and Afghan troops battled militants and called in airstrikes in Zhari district, leaving an Afghan soldier and at least 20 suspected militants dead. In Helmand province 23 Taliban militants were killed during a US-led coalition operation aimed at disrupting a weapons transfer. Also in the south 2 Canadian soldiers and their Afghan interpreter were killed when a bomb struck their armored vehicle. In Zabul province the Taliban ambushed and clashed with an Afghan army patrol, leaving 11 suspected insurgents dead and four soldiers wounded. Taliban militants tortured five abducted policemen in southern Afghanistan and then hung their mutilated bodies from trees in a warning to Gazak villagers against working with the government.
    (AP, 11/17/07)(AP, 11/18/07)

2007        Nov 18, A new Afghanistan Human Development Report said Afghanistan is fifth last on a global index of human development, despite billions of dollars in aid and help since the fall of the Taliban regime in 2001. Police shot and killed two suspected Taliban militants as they approached a police checkpoint on a motorbike. In southern Helmand province, Taliban militants attacked a police checkpoint, killing two officers and wounding four others.
    (AP, 11/18/07)(AFP, 11/18/07)(AP, 11/19/07)

2007        Nov 19, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber struck outside a governor's residence, killing six policemen and wounding 14 people in southwestern Nimroz province. Gov. Ghulam Dastagir Azad said his son was among those killed.
    (AP, 11/19/07)

2007        Nov 23, In Afghanistan Taliban militants beheaded 7 police officers after overrunning their checkpoints. An Australian commando (26) and 3 civilians were killed in a clash with Taliban militia in Uruzgan province. In 2008 the Australian military cleared its soldiers over the deaths of two women and a baby during this battle but said all civilian casualties were "highly regrettable."
    (Reuters, 11/23/07)(SFC, 11/24/07, p.A3)(AFP, 5/12/08)

2007        Nov 24, A Taliban suicide bomber killed eight people, including three children and an Italian military engineer, when he blew himself up in a scenic town near Kabul. Insurgents attacked police in the Pathan district and were targeted by airstrikes from NATO or coalition helicopters. The bodies of 69 dead militants were said to be left in the area. Among those killed were four Taliban who were traveling with two cars full of explosives and ammunition.
    (AFP, 11/24/07)(AP, 11/25/07)

2007        Nov 25, NATO's ISAF confirmed that airstrikes targeted and killed 3 Taliban militants who were planting mines in nearby Gardez.
    (AP, 11/25/07)

2007        Nov 26, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb struck an Afghan army vehicle, killing 4 soldiers and wounding two others in eastern Paktia province. 4 civilians were killed by a roadside blast in the Musayi district of Kabul province. In eastern Afghanistan US-led coalition troops killed 14 road construction workers in airstrikes after receiving faulty intelligence.
    (AP, 11/26/07)(AP, 11/27/07)(AP, 11/28/07)

2007        Nov 27, In Afghanistan a suicide car bomber triggered a huge blast near two armored vehicles used by US-led coalition troops in Kabul, killing at least two civilians and destroying the wall of a nearby house.
    (AP, 11/27/07)

2007        Nov 28, Afghan and foreign troops battled Taliban fighters and called in airstrikes in southern Afghanistan, leaving 30 militants dead. Four other militants were killed in a separate clash in the east. In eastern Khost province gunmen on motorbikes shot to death a school principal. In Ghazni province Taliban insurgents ambushed police in Khogyani district, and the ensuing clash killed one policeman and four suspected militants. Militants in Paktia province attacked trucks carrying supplies for foreign troops, killing one driver. In Paktika province a roadside bomb hit Afghan troops, leaving one soldier dead and three wounded.
    (AP, 11/29/07)

2007        Nov 29, In Afghanistan 2 Danish soldiers were killed in a gunbattle with the Taliban. They were part of a Danish reconnaissance unit that came under fire in Gereshk Valley in Helmand Province. Denmark has some 600 troops in Helmand province that are part of NATO's 40,000-member force in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 11/30/07)
2007        Nov 29, Al-Qaida chief Osama bin Laden released a new tape calling on Europeans to stop helping the US in the war in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 11/30/07)

2007        Dec 1, Afghan and NATO-led troops battled with Taliban militants and called in airstrikes in a series of clashes in the country's south that left 40 insurgents dead.
    (AP, 12/2/07)

2007        Dec 2, In southern Afghanistan coalition forces killed five suspected Taliban militants in an operation targeting a commander believed to be involved in the kidnapping of an Italian journalist earlier this year.
    (AP, 12/3/07)

2007        Dec 3, In Afghanistan’s southwestern Nimroz province a suicide bomber blew himself up next to a police patrol, killing four other people, including two policemen.
    (AP, 12/3/07)

2007        Dec 4, In Kabul US Defense Secretary Robert Gates said he was pushing the world's countries for more commitment to Afghanistan's fight against growing extremist violence. A suicide car bomber targeted a NATO convoy in Kabul, wounding 22 civilians passing nearby. An explosion struck a patrol of NATO-led troops, leaving one soldier dead and two others wounded.
    (AP, 12/4/07)(AP, 12/5/07)

2007        Dec 5, Afghan forces clashed with Taliban who had blocked a main highway in the south, killing 10 militants. A suicide bomber rammed his explosives-laden car into a minibus carrying Afghan soldiers south of Kabul, killing at least 13 people and wounding 20 others.
    (AP, 12/5/07)

2007        Dec 7, Afghan and NATO troops surrounded the town of Musa Qala and launched air strikes to dislodge Taliban rebels who had been in control for 10 months.
    (AFP, 12/7/07)

2007        Dec 8, A NATO and Afghan operation to retake Musa Qala, a Taliban-controlled town in southern Afghanistan, left at least 12 Taliban fighters and two children dead. A NATO soldier killed in a mine explosion during the operation, which began Dec 7. Taliban militants armed with rocket-propelled grenades and machine guns ambushed a district chief's vehicle in western Farah province, killing him, his son, nephew and three bodyguards.
    (AP, 12/8/07)(AFP, 12/8/07)

2007        Dec 9, In southern Afghanistan Afghan, British and US troops closed in on Musa Qala, a Taliban-held town. A second NATO soldier was killed in the operation. This was the first mission in which British forces have participated with the Afghan army as the main fighting force. Afghan and NATO forces killed 30 Taliban fighters in Kandahar's Panjwayi district.
    (AP, 12/9/07)(AFP, 12/9/07)

2007        Dec 10, Afghan and international forces retook the southern town of Musa Qala, held by Taliban militants since February. A Taliban spokesman said the militants fled to avoid civilian and Taliban casualties. In Sangin district Afghan police clashed with a group of Taliban militants, leaving 15 militants dead and 11 others wounded. An Afghan army helicopter crashed in central Afghanistan because of bad weather, killing four people. British PM Gordon Brown stopped in at Camp Bastion, the main British camp in Helmand province.
    (AP, 12/10/07)(AFP, 12/10/07)

2007        Dec 11, In eastern Afghanistan US-led coalition and Afghan forces killed Mullah Sangeen, a senior militant commander responsible for roadside bombings and other attacks. Sangeen was second-in-command to Siraj Haqqani, a militant leader in eastern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 12/14/07)

2007        Dec 12, Afghanistan's Defense Ministry said Afghan soldiers backed by NATO air power killed more than 50 Taliban fighters during a two-day battle with militants who tried to attack Sangin near Musa Qala, where they were routed from this week. A suicide car bomb exploded near an Afghan army convoy in the southern city of Kandahar, killing one person.
    (AP, 12/12/07)

2007        Dec 13, In southern Afghanistan a civilian car hit a freshly planted land mine, killing six people and wounding six others. Taliban militants beheaded a woman they accused of spying and her grandson.
    (AP, 12/13/07)

2007        Dec 14, South Korea brought home 195 army medics and engineers from Afghanistan, ending its five-year deployment to help rebuild the war-ravaged country at Washington's request.
    (AP, 12/14/07)

2007        Dec 15, A rocket landed in a crowd of civilians near Kabul's police headquarters, and a truck full of rockets smuggled into the city under a pile of hay exploded nearby moments later. At least five people were killed.
    (AP, 12/15/07)

2007        Dec 16, In eastern Afghanistan a roadside bomb blast killed two Afghan civilians and wounded five others, while a clash in the south left four Taliban dead. Harald Kleber (42) a German national locally known by his Muslim name, Abdul Rahman, was kidnapped in heart province. The next day German authorities said Kleber was wanted in Germany for fraud.
    (AP, 12/16/07)(AFP, 12/17/07)(AFP, 12/18/07)

2007        Dec 17, In southern Afghanistan several militants were killed in airstrikes and a subsequent operation by US-led coalition troops.
    (AP, 12/18/07)

2007        Dec 18, In western Afghanistan Taliban fighters killed 15 Afghan guards working for a private security company who were guarding a convoy of fuel tankers. 6 Taliban were killed in the ensuing fight. Elsewhere in Farah fighting between police and militants left 2 militants dead.
    (AP, 12/18/07)

2007        Dec 21, Two Afghans were killed in Kandahar province when a bomb exploded that was planted in a decapitated Afghan.
    (AP, 12/24/07)

2007        Dec 22, Making the first-ever trip to Afghanistan by a French president, Nicolas Sarkozy met with Afghan President Hamid Karzai to discuss the political and military situation in the war-torn country.
    (AP, 12/22/07)

2007        Dec 23, In Afghanistan echoing pledges by the leaders of France and Australia, Italian PM Romano Prodi emphasized his county's long-term commitment in a meeting with President Hamid Karzai. Afghan intelligence agents detained a 50-year-old foreign woman carrying a suicide vest in eastern Afghanistan. A roadside explosion killed one policeman and wounded three others in Kunar province. Police clashed with Taliban militants in the Gelan district of central Ghazni province, killing a local insurgent leader and two of his bodyguards. Another booby-trapped body was discovered in Kandahar province.
    (AP, 12/23/07)(AP, 12/24/07)

2007        Dec 25, Afghan officials said 2 European diplomats who went to one of Afghanistan's most volatile regions have been asked to leave Afghanistan.
    (AP, 12/25/07)

2007        Dec 26, Pakistan's Pres. Pervez Musharraf and Afghan Pres. Hamid Karzai vowed to boost intelligence cooperation to meet the menace of terrorism that was destroying both countries.
    (Reuters, 12/26/07)
2007        Dec 26, Britain’s Daily Telegraph newspaper reported that British intelligence agents held secret talks with Taliban leaders on several occasions this year. Earlier this month, British PM Gordon Brown ruled out direct talks with Taliban insurgents, telling the House of Commons: "I make it clear that we will not enter into any negotiations with these people."
    (AFP, 12/26/07)

2007        Dec 27, The Afghan government expelled UN advisor Mervyn Patterson and EU official Michael Semple, on accusations they held unauthorized meetings with Taliban militants. A spokesman for the UN mission said the diplomats had traveled to Musa Qala, a former Taliban stronghold in southern Helmand province on Dec 24, where they met with local leaders.
    (AP, 12/27/07)

2007        Dec 29, Taliban militants in Wardak province fired rocket-propelled grenades from their vehicles at a convoy of private security guards on Afghanistan's main highway, killing six guards and two police officers. Taliban militants attacked a police checkpoint in the south and killed 16 officers.
    (AP, 12/30/07)(AP, 12/31/07)

2007        Dec 30, In Uruzgan province four Afghan soldiers were killed in a mine explosion. One soldier was killed in Paktia province in another blast. A Taliban ambush killed 8 Afghan security personnel near Maydon Shahr, about 20 miles southwest of Kabul.
    (AP, 12/31/07)(SFC, 12/31/07, p.A6)

2007        Dec 31, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed a NATO soldier and wounded four others. In Helmand province, a roadside bomb exploded against a police vehicle driving through Musa Qala, killing two officers. Taliban militants killed more than 925 Afghan police this year, and large swaths of the country remained outside government control. More than 6,500 people, mostly militants, died in 2007, according to an Associated Press count based on figures from Afghan and Western officials. Also in 2007, 110 US soldiers were killed in the country, the highest American toll since the 2001 invasion. US military deaths, suicide bombings and opium production hit record highs in 2007.
    (AP, 12/31/07)

2007        Roshan, a cell-phone network in Afghanistan, was the country’s largest taxpayer and investor. The Aga Khan Development Network owned 51%.
    (Econ, 3/10/07, p.66)
2007        China signed a deal to invest some $3.5 billion in the Aynak copper mine in Logar province, Afghanistan. It was said to be the 2nd largest source of untapped copper in the world.
    (Econ, 11/7/09, p.44)
2007        Some 8,000 Afghan’s were killed this year. UN estimates said over 1,500 of those killed were civilians.
    (Econ, 5/24/08, p.37)

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